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U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
JAMES J. DAVIS, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
ETHELBERT STEWART, CommUsloner

BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES\
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS/

* * '

WAGES

LABOR

AND

HOURS

OF

*

M
iO l
WO.
1
SERIES

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR
IN THE SLAUGHTERING AND
MEAT-PACKING INDUSTRY




1925

JANUARY, 1927

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
1927

ACKN OW LEDGM ENT

The commissioner desires to acknowledge as especially contributing
to the preparation of this report the services of the following persons
of the bureau staff: Messrs. R. S. Billups and T. J. Armstrong in
supervising the survey, and Field Agents J. I. Dawson, F. G. Gregory,
P. H. Moncure, J. P. Woods, W. H. Major, W. B. Pettit, W. R.
Heuer, R. George, jr., and N. M. Keyes,
ii




CONTENTS
Page
Introduction and summary__________ ______________________________________
1-42
Table 1.— Average hours and earnings and classified basic or regular
full-time hours per week, 1917, 1921, 1923, and 1925, by depart­
ment, sex, occupation, and year____________________________________
3-41
Importance of the industry________________________________________________ 43, 44
Departments included in study___ _________________________________________
45
Basic or regular full-time hours per day and per week____________________ 45-47
Hours, overtime rates, and guaranteed hours of pay______________________ 47-49
Wage reductions and increases, 1921-1925________________________________
50
Days on which employees worked_________________________________________ 50-53
Table 6.— Average days, rates of wages, hours, and earnings, 1925,
by sex and State____________________________________________________
53
General tables_____ _______________________________________________________ 54-149
T a b l e A.— Average hours and earnings and classified basic or regular
hours per week, 1925, by department, occupation, sex, and district. 55-118
T a b l e B.— Average and classified rates of wages per hour for em­
ployees in 31 typical occupations, 1925, by department, sex, and
district____________________ "_______________________________________ 119-129
T a b l e C.— Average and classified hours actually worked in one week
by employees in 31 typical occupations, 1925, by department, sex,
and district_______________________________________________________ 130-139
T a b l e D.— Average and classified earnings actually made in one
week by employees in 31 typical occupations, 1925, by department,
sex, and district___ _ __________________________ ___________________140-149




in




BULLETIN OF THE

U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
n o . 42i

W A S H IN G T O N

J a n u a r y , 1927

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN THE SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT­
PACKING INDUSTRY IN 1925
INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY
This bulletin presents average wage rates, earnings, and hours of
labor for 1925 for the principal departments and occupations in the
slaughtering and meat-packing industry in the United States, together
with summary figures of like character for the years 1917, 1921, and
1923. The averages were computed from data as to wage rates,
hours, and earnings which were taken by agents of the Bureau of
Labor Statistics directly from the pay rolls or other records of repre­
sentative meat-packing establishments for each of the years. The
figures for 1917, 1921, and 1923 in this report were drawn from
Bulletins Nos. 252, 294, and 373 as published by the bureau.
The 1917 data are for 55,089 males in 66 establishments and 6,576
females in 51 establishments for pay periods of varying dates in the
first half of the year and thus represent the period of the entrance of
the United States into the World War.
The 1921 data are for 30,075 males in 34 establishments and 3,329
females in 31 establishments for a pay period in April.
The 1923 data are for 45,083 males in 38 establishments and 6,112
females in 37 establishments. The figures from 35 establishments
are for a pay period in November and those from three establishments
for a pay period in December.
The 1925 data are for 52,702 males in 86 establishments and 6,595
females in 78 establishments. The data from 60 of the 86 establish­
ments are for a pay period in October, from 25 for a pay period in
November, and the data from 1 establishment are for a pay period in
December.
The average rate of wages per hour for all males in all occupations
and departments combined (Table 1, p. 41) was $0,271 for 1917,
$0,504 for 1921, $0,487 for 1923, and $0,501 for 1925; and for females,
$0,179 for 1917, $0,362 for 1921, $0,356 for 1923, and $0,347 for 1925.
In 1917 the average rate of wages per hour for males in the occu­
pations for which averages are shown ranged from $0,226 for laborers
in the casing department to $0,600 for splitters in the cattle-killing
department, and for females ranged from $0,150 for kidney pullers,
shavers, singers, neck brushers, and spreaders in the hog-killing
department to $0,200 for stuffers in the sausage department. The
average rate of wages per hour for laborers (male) in the casing
department was $0,444 in 1921, $0,409 in 1923, and $0,423 in 1925,




1

2

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

compared with SO.226 in 1917; for splitters (male) in the cattlekilling department it was $0,855 in 1921, $0,837 in 1923, and $0,852
in 1925, compared with $0,600 in 1917; for kidney pullers, etc,
(female), in the hog-killing department it was $0,336 in 1921, $0,331
in 1923, and $0,337 in 1925, compared with $0,150 in 1917; and for
stuffers (female) in the sausage department it was $0,400 in 1921,
$0,397 in 1923, and $0,367 in 1925, compared with $0,200 in 1917.
The average basic or regular full-time hours per week (Table 1,
p. 41) for males in all occupations and departments combined were
48.4 in 1921, 52.2 in 1923, and 50.2 in 1925; for females were 48.3 in
1921, 52.8 in 1923, and 49.4 in 1925; and for males and females
combined were 48.4 in 1921, 52.3 in 1923, and 50.1 in 1925.
Table 1 shows for each occupation and department the number of
establishments and employees, the average rate of wages and earnings
per hour, the average number of days worked in one week, the index
numbers of rate of wages per hour with the 1917 average the base or
100, the basic or regular average full-time hours and rate of wages
per week, average hours actually worked and earnings in one week,
and the per cent of employees at each classified group of basic or
regular full-time hours per week.
The 1917 data in Table 1 are for 66 of the 83 establishments covered
in that year. Data for the employees of two plants in Colorado, eight
on the Pacific coast, and seven other plants, which had a biweekly pay
period, are not included in the table. The average rates of wages
per hour were affected less than one-half cent by omitting data for
these 17 establishments.
The average full-time rate of wages per week for each occupation
was computed by multiplying the average rate of wages per hour for
the occupation by the average basic or regular full-time hours per
week. This shows the average amount that would have been
earned in one week had an employee worked full time at his occupa­
tion with no overtime work. As an actual fact employees often
work in more than one occupation during a pay period and this is
taken into consideration in the average earnings per hour, which
average is obtained by dividing the total earnings of employees at
their regular occupation and at other work by the total actual hours
worked. Employees are tabulated under the occupation at which
they worked the most time during the pay period covered.
The 1925 industry total at the end of the table shows that the basic
or regular full-time hours per week of 3 per cent of the 59,297 em­
ployees were under 48, of 65 per cent were 48, of 3 per cent were over
48 and under 54, of 22 per cent were 54, of 3 per cent were over 54
and under 60, of 5 per cent were 60, and that the full-time hours per
week of less than 1 per cent were over 60.




T a b le 1.—A V E R AG E HOURS A N D EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR RE GU LAR FU LL-TIM E HOURS PE R W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, AND 1925, BY

D E P A R T M E N T, SEX, OCCUPATION, AND Y E A R
Cattle-killing department

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
time actual
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

MALES

7

14.70
24.82 i 23.59
25.47
26.41
26.47
25.39
23.09
25.73
26.29

13.20
20.41
21.51
26.57

34.5
30.0
39.2
34.7

30.96
37.35
43.06

19.89
30.93
35.99
33.38

49.9
41.1
50.0
49.9

28.38
33.53
29.41

18.04
24.83
31.74
29.50

5

85
14
61

5
7
3

51.3
19.71
140.9
29.64 i 26. 36
45.7 i 32.04
1
28.65
30.80
48.1 ' 31.60

9

87
35
69

4

48.3
53.0
51.7

56.7
46.0
50.7
52.1

i 5.7
5.5
5.6

48.0
52.4
49.2

50.1
143.8
48.5
49.3

5.4
5.2
5.6

47.9
52.5
49.7

47.8
40.6
43.5
49.0

4.0
5.3
4.7

48.0
50.0
48.0

5.3
5.8
5.8

48.6
53.3
50.7

1 5.5
5.7
5.5

47.6
52.1
50.0

$22.41
23.69
24.20

83
24
57

7
3
3

61
14

5
5

3
7
20

6

88
31
68

3
2
3

56
22

6
5

3
4
3

9

82
27
71

6
•1
2

65
21

6
3

3
1
1

61
24

14
6

5
4
6

56
24

6
5

3
2

1

1

100
67
100

33

SUMMARY




$14.33
22.24
23.22
24.64

5.8
5.7
5.8

AD
N

Drivers and penners:
100 $0,253
24
67 $0,252
1917
.484
184
30
.464
1921.........., .......................................................
16
177
.458
30
87
.447
1923...................................................................
.473
178
.468
186
1925...................................................................
58
Knockers:
100
.294
58
.292
40
1917 ___
177 1.539
33
27
1921................
.517
173
29
48
.525
.504
1923................................
......................
79
53
.516
177
.537
1925............. ....................................................
Shacklers or slingers:
100
.276
30
48
.262
1917
.502
34
184
24
1921___
„
..............
.482
*L87
.495
71
.490
26
1923..................... .............................................
202
.543
90
.529
41
1925...................................................................
Head holders:
2
2
.334
100
.576
1917
1.031
2
2
193
.645
1921. .
_
......................
.919
224
3
.747
3
1923. .
_
................
3
269
.963
3
.897
1925
Stickers:
100
.361
.360
22
27
1917 . .
.605
162
20
.584
1921
15
175
.634
.629
17
28
1923...................................................................
.591
25
33
.580
161
1925..................................................................
Headers:
100
.384
46
90
.369
1917.................................................................
165 1.645
23
53
.610
1921.................................................................
79
28
167
.627
.615
1923...................................................................
51
120
.641
171
.632
1925..................................................................
* Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.

Over
60

INTBODUCTION

Aver­
Wages per hour
Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic
Num.
age
age
Num­
age number or regu­ hours
ber of ber of
earn­ of days lar full­ actually
estab­ em­
ings worked time ' ►worked
lish­
Aver­
Index
per
ments ployees age numbers, hour in one hours in one
week
week
per
rate 1917=100
week

TABLE 1 .— A V ERAG E HOURS AND EARN ING S AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR RE GU LAR FULL-TIM E HOURS PER W EEK, 1917, 1921,1923, AND 1925, BY

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, AND Y E A R —Continued
Cattle-killing department—Continued

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
time actual
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

males —continued

62 $0,254
.489
47
57
.472
.493
75

100 $0,266
193 i . 528
.482
186
194
.512

$13.12
i 20.93
23.64
25.31

48.2
52.2
50.0

49.3
i 39.6
49.0
49.4

» 5.5

47.8
52.4
49.6

49.5
140.5
45.7
46.7

13.89
23.18 i 19.61
25.78
22.74
24. 55
24.01
15.95
25. 33 i 22.33
23.20
28.09
27.74
25.83

$23.57
24.64
24.65

80
48
92
117

.277
.485
.492
.495

100
175
178
179

.281
i .484
.498
. 515

45
30
30
55

141
89
117
181

.306
.530
.532
.556

100
173
174
182

.318
i .574
.529
.558

i 5.2
5.6
5.4

47.8
52.8
49.9

50.2
i 38.9
43.8
46.3

3
3
10
9

4
4
22
17

.315
.533
.510
.536

100
169 j
162
170

.343
.530
.519
. 559

6.0
5.9
5.9

47.0
52.3
49.8

44.9
41.8
49.8
52.9

15.41
22.15
25.05
26. 67 I 25.85
26.69
29.58

5
14
10
14

7
18
20
21

.249
.469
.469
.485

100
188
188
195

.246
.474
.469
.491

5.4
5.3
6.0

48.2
53.1
49.4

51.1
41.6
43.1
51.9

22.6i
24.90
23.96

12.57
19.71
20.17
25.45

33
22
25
32

50
29
49
55

.308
.515
.514
.515

100
167
167
167

.318
. 545
.523
.545

5.3
5.9
5.7

47.9
52.5
49.7

50.1
38.7
47.8
51.4

15.96
24.67 i 21.08
!
26.99
25.02
25.60 1 27.98
!

1

5.7
5.4

4

8
1

2
2
3

89
32
67

4
4
3

54
23

90
29
76

4
1
1

59 i
15 !

10

89
21
69

2
2
1

73 i
26 j

3

2

1
2
2

23

5

100
36
71

36
29

5

89
15
76
93
27
73

9
4

6

i

2
1
2

85
24

3

1

5

j

3
2

65
22

8
2

2

INDUSTRY

29
23
28
44

4

PACKING

i 5.3
5.7
5.7

MEAT




35
27
27
40

AD
N

Droppers and pritchers-up:
1917
1921
1923
................
1925.........
..............................................
Foot skinners:
1917
1921
- 1923
--- .
...................
1925
Leg breakers:
1917
1921
1923
. ____
1925
.
...........................................
Rippers-open:
1917
1921
1923
...........................
1925
Gullet raisers:
1917
1921
1923
1925
Caul pullers:
1917
1921
.............. ........
1923
......................
1925...................................................................

Over
60

SLAUGHTERING

Aver­
Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic
age
age
age
hours
ber of Num­
earn­ number or regu­ actually
of days lar full­
estab­ ber of
ings worked time worked
em­
Aver­
Index
lish­
per
numbers hour in one hours in one
ments ployees age
week
week
per
rate 1917=100
week
Wages per hour

.563
1.848
.849
.856

49.1
141.8
46.0
48.1

27.63
41.23 i 35.45
39.09
44.66
42.37
41.12

173
178
179

1.526
.523
.534

50.9
141.8
46.2
49.5

15.20
23.99 122.00
27.30
24.17
25.94
26.46

100
186
184
188

.532
.501
.524

52.1
43.2
44.5
44.4

.264
1.498
.476
.494

48.9
140.6
46.9
45.5

100

.849

150
148
148

43
32
57
74

.291
.504
.518
.522

22
30
28

.495
.490
.499

91
96
158

.254
.470
.467
.475

45
31
45
48

.271
.495
.478
.510

100

65
51
64
97

.449
.712
.721
.741

100

159
161
165

1.743
.740
.749

78
64
91
94

.335
.553
.579
.594

100
165
173
177

.340
.597
.584

50.9
39.1
45.6
48.1

.261
.478
.466
.473

100
183
179
181

.261
.506
.478
.488

51.5
38.8 ~~22.~85_
44.5
24.65
48.4
23.22

71
54
85
108

.517
.895
.773
.773

100
173
150
A50

.511
1.839
.778
.782

97
57
94
121

.315
.542
.545
.556

100
172
m
177

.319
i . 578
.554
.575

20

100

100

185
184
187
183
176
188

.284
.523
.492
.531

» Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.

13.94
22.97
22.29
23.28

4

12.92
22.51 120.23
24.33
22.34
23.47
22.48

3

15.57
20.91
22.49
25.60

9

23.57
34.03 l 32.52
37.71
34.52
37.12
36.48

8

17.30
23.33
26.63
28.74

5

13.74
19.65
21.26
23.62

4

50.3
141.3
45.1
48.7

25.71
43.05 134.64
40.58
35.09
38.50
38.08

2

50.3
140.3
47.6
47.1

16.04
25.91 123.30
26.33
28.61
27.86
27.05

9

23.66
25.38
24.80

54.8
40.0 "‘ 23.'§r
45.7
24.95
48.2
25.40
50.4
143.8
46.7
48.7

26.32
30.34
29.40

1

1

2

93
27
69

1
2
1

97
26
73

5
(2
)

3

96
37
75

64
24

6
3

2
3
2

1

67
23

4
1

4
1

3

57
21

3

55
20

5
2

4

94
35
77

1
1

1
3
1

84
31
69

3
2
2

60
25

4
4

88
30
66

2
2
1

59
26

8
4

93
29
74

2
64
26

8

91
22
82

4
68
15

9

1
2

94
26
71

2
2
1

65
21

6
5

2
1
2

88
28
69

2
5
2

59
22

5
3

2
3
4

3
2

2
2
2

SUMMARY




.572

195
272

122

AD
N

i9 2 3 :~ ::™ :::::::::::r ::::::::::
1925......................................................

200

INTRODUCTION

Floormen or siders:
1917..................................................... .
1921..................................................... .
1923..................................................... .
1926..............._.................................... .
Breast or brisket breakers and sawyers:
1917..................................................... .
1921..................................................... .
1923..................................................... .
1925..................................................... .
Crotch breakers:
1917..................................................... .
1921.................................................... .
1923.........................................._...........
1925..................... ...........................
Hoisters:
1917.......................................................
1921..................................................... .
1923..................................................... .
1925..................................................... .
Tail rippers and pullers:
1917..................................................... .
1921..................................................... .
1923..................................................... .
1925..................................................... .
Rumpers:
1917.......................................................
1921. - .................................................
1923..................................................... .
1925......................................................
Fell cutters:
1917..................................................... .
1921..................................................... .
1923..................................................... .
1925......................................................
Fell pullers and beaters:
1917..................................................... .
1921..................................................... .
1923..................................................... .
1925......................................................
Backers:
1917............. ....................................... .
19 21...................................................
1923......................................................
1925......................................................
Gutters and bung droppers:
1917......................................................

>Less than 1 per cent.
Cl

T able 1.—AVE R AG E HOURS A N D EARN ING S AN D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR R EGU LAR FU LL-TIM E HOURS PER W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, A N D 1925, BY
D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, AND Y E A R —Continued

C*

Cattle-killing department—Continue d

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­
age
full­
time ..
rate of
wages
per
week

Aver­
age
actual
earn­
ings in
one
week

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

Over
60

males —continued

21 $0.311
.571
7
15
.534
.522
34

100 $0,307
184
.578
172
.538
.532
168

5.7
5.7
5.4

46.9
53.1
49.3

55.5
$17.03
44.6 "$26.~78~ 25.78
23.83
44.3
28.36
25.69
48.3
25.73

14
3

86
13
76

7

80
18

3

6

92
26
71

1
1
1

64
22

6
4

1
3
1

15.5
5.5
5.7

48.0
52.4
50.2

51.4
142.0
45.6
49.8

16.68
26.26 1 24.16
25.13
28.03
27.59
27.11

6

90
29
67

1
2

60
25

8
4

3
2
4

15.7
5.8
5.7

47.8
52.5
50.0

50.6
142.9
47.9
49.3

29.89
40.87 1 36.63
43.94
41.08
42.14
42.60

6

93
27
67

i
2
1

59
26

10
5

1
1
1

.361
.602
.611 !
.593

5.7
5.8
5.8

47.9
52.6
50.0

51.9
42.6
47.8
51.9

28.60
31.98
28.60

18.74
25.68
29.17
30.78

15

80
26
67

3
3
2

60
29

9
2

3
2
2

.271
.513
.485
.521

5.6
5.8
5.8

47.6
52.3
49.9

56.4
42.8
48.6
50.9

22.99
24.84
24.65

15.26
21.92
23.54
26.52

7

92
31
67

5
2

54
21

8
5

3
2

98
72
107
139

.401
.687
.660
.663

100
171
165
165

.397
1.666
.652
.655

15.4
5.6
5.6

37
29
27
46

93
62
106
114

.322
.547
.535
.540

100
170
166
168

.325
1.579
.552
.547

47
29
33
57

118
82
108
149

.600
.855
.837
.852

100
143
140
142

.591
1.855
.857
.855

33
20
28
38

52
27
58
63

.365
.597
.608
.572

100
164
167
157

29
22
27
36 I

38
27
39
42

.266
.483
.475
.494

100
182
179
186

1

2'

1

INDUSTRY

20.17
32.91 1 27.36
30.41
34.72
33.02
31.74

42
30
32
54

PACKING

47.9
52.6
49.8

50.8
141.1
46.6
48.4

MEAT




10
5
7
17

AD
N

Shank skinners:
1917
1921
................
1923
1925___
Hide droppers:
1917
1921
____
1923........... .......................................................
1925...................................................................
Tail sawyers:
1917
1921
1923
........................................................
1925..................................................................
Splitters:
1917
1921
_______ _____
1923................................................ .................
1925 .
....................................... ........
Chuck splitters:
1917
1921 . . .
....................................
1923...................................................................
1925...................................................................
Scribers:
1917
1921 . .
............ ......................
1923..................................................................
1925...................................................................

SLAUGHTERING

Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic Aver­
age
age
age number or regu­ hours
Num­
ber of
earn­ of days lar full­ actually
estab­ ber of
ings worked time worked
em­
Index
Aver­
lish­
per
numbers
in one hours in one
ments ployees age
week
per
week
rate 1917=100 hour
week
Wages per hour

104
100
166
152

.275
.473
.458
.479

100
172
167
174

.273
.490
.465
.496

5.5
5.8
5.7

47.7
52.6
49.5

54.7
42.6
47.4
49.9

22.56
24.09
23.71

14.92
20.87
22.06
24.74

4

33
19
25
46

88
37
74
147

.353
.609
.561
.602

100
173
159
171

.360
.608
.574
.604

5.5
5.9
5.6

47.8
52.2
52.5

53.2
43.8
49.4
49.8

29.11
29.28
31.61

19.05
26.65
28.33
30.64

44
29
31
61

356
216
320
264

.233
.451
.424
.423

100
194
182
182

.236
1.473
.458
.440

i 5.3
5.6
5.3

47.8
52.5
50.1

51.4
140.1
42.7
45.9

21.56
22.26
21.19

43
14
23
34

85
17
41
53

.293
.562
.503
.502

100
192
172
171

.288
*.558
.517
.509

15.2
5.8
5.6

48.3
52.4
49.9

50.9
139.7
48.9
48.9

47
27
32
63

724
409
587
949

.232
.542
.427
.424

100
195
184
183

.238
1.471
.436
.442

15.1
5.5
5.5

47.8
52.2
50.2

32
20
24
45

103
56
131
121

.228
.456
.423
.435

100
200
186
191

.254
.499
.433
.455

4.8
5.2
5.2

54
30
34
72

3,292
2,077
3,250
4,261

.313
.550
.532
.543

100
176
170
173

.318
1.570
.544
.557

3
5
5
4

16
21
27
25

.157
.340
.316
.341

100
217
208
217

.155
.342
.321
.348

95
24
75

1
1
1

67
22

8
1

13

81
31
28

4
14

57
44

5
7

5
3
8

12.14
118.96
19.59
20.18

4

94
25
67

2
1
1

66
25

7
3

(*)
3

27.14
26.36
25.05

14.65
I22i 18
25.28
24.92

12

77
29
72

6
5
2

54
21

10
2

6
2
4

47.8
139.5
45.3
48.1

21.61
22.29
21.28

11.39
118.62
19.77
21.32

4

96
33
64

1
1
1

59
29

7
3

1
3

48.1
51.8
50.4

43.0
36.3
43.9
#45.9

21.93
21.91
21.92

10.90
18.09
19.04
20.89

99
38
61

3

58
27

4
6

2

15.4
5.6
5.5

47.9
52.4
50.1

50.1
140.7
45.9
48.3

92
29
67

2
1
2

62
25

7
3

1
2
3

5.4
6.0
5.7

49.9
53.8
49.2

51.3
42.0
50.6
50.0

67
22
80

10

5
0

1

FEMALES
Carcass wipers, bruise and tail trimmers, and
neck-rag inserters:
1917
_ ______ __
1 5 1 ______ _____ _____________ __ _______
QJ
ltwe? .
,
................
1925.............................................. ...................




1Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.

16.98
17.00
16.78

7.97
14.36
16.24
17.39

2 Less than 1 per cent.

24
59
20

19

(’)

SUMMARY

15.95
"26.35” 123.19
27.88
24.99
27.20
26.94

1

AD
N

Total, males:
____
1917 1921........................................................
1923........................................................
1925........................................................

28
24
25
35

INTRODUCTION

Trimmers of bruises, rounds, necks, skirts, and
tails:
1917..................................................................
1921......................................
................
1923........................................
1925..................................................................
Utility men:
1917...........................................
.................
1921...................................................................
1923................................. ................................
1925..................................................................
Washers and wipers:
1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925.......................................................... ........
Tonguers:
1917.................................................................
1921.......................... ........... .............. .............
1923........................................................... ......
1925............................ .......... ............................
Laborers:
1917
1921...................................... ............ ..............
1923..................... ........................... ................
1925...................................... ..................... ......
Truckers:
1917_________ ____________„ ___________
1921................. ...............................................
1923................................................... ...............
1925..................................................................

T a b le 1.—AVE R AG E HOURS A N D E ARN IN G S AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REG U LAR FULL-TIM E HOURS PER W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, A N D 1925, BY
D E P A R T M E N T, SEX, OCCUPATION, AND Y E A R —Continued

00

Hog-killing department

Sex, occupation, and year

$11.14
118.99
21.54
19.56

49.5
43.2 "25.’ 57’
27.82
51.8
28.50
45.2

14.74
23.40
28.43
24.75

$0,235
.440
.428
.426

56
26
31
63

134
59
125
143

.305
.523
.535
.548

100
171
175
180

.298
.542
.549
.548

5.4
5.6
5.6

48.9
52.0
52.0

56
27
33
65

70
33
44
79

.359
.610
.621
.623

100
170
173
174

.357
1 611
.
.652
.627

15.8
5.8
5.7

49.6
53.0
51.8

56
28
34
68

298
139
273
304

.294
.498
.479
.503

100
169
163
171

.295
1 516
.
.496
.514

i 5.7
5.5
5.5

48.8
52.1
51.9

52.2
144.2
49.7
45.8

51
24
33
59

224
69
146
214

.284
.501
.473
.463

100
176
167
163

.282
1 509
.
.490
.470

15.8
5.6
5.7

48.3
52.5
51.6

51.4
146.4
49.9
45.2

57
27
34
66

846
303
587
705

.290
.491
.485
.513

100
169
167
177

.290
1.502
.497
.523

48.9
52.5
51.4

48.7
143.8
49.3
43.8

i 5.4
5.5
5.5

15.6
5.5
5.5

48.8
52.2
51.7

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

2

90
34
52

4
3
3

50
19

7
9

7
5
16

4

90
33
45

2
24
5

36
24

6

8
7
15

18. 54
51.9
149.2 " 30.26" 130.07
32. 91 34.69
53.2
29.08
32.32
46.4

4

82
30
46

3
5
5

43
23

9
5

15
14
18

24.30
24.96
26.11

15.38
122.79
24.61
23.53

2

90
40
46

2
3
7

41
19

10
7

7
7
18

24.20
24.83
23.89

14.50
123.60
24.48
21.26

1

96
32
50

3
7

50
21

8
4

3
8
17

24.01
25. 46
26.37

14.10
121.99
24.49
22.89

3

88
33
51

6
3
5

48
20

8
8

6
8
14

Over
60

(*)

INDUSTRY

1,356
524
820
829

Un­
der
48

PACKING




$21.47
22.34
22.02

46.9
142.1
*48.5
45.2

55
29
33
65

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were*-

MEAT

1Q I
O
1923
. . . . . . . . . . . . __ . . . . . .
1925..................................................................

100 $0,237
i. 451
187
.444
182
.433
181

Aver­
age
full­
actual
time
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

AD
N

MALES
Laborers:8
1Q
17
1921
1923
. . . ___ ______ _
1925 ...............................................................
Shacklers:
1O 7
l
1921
1923
1925
_________ _________
Stickers:
101?
1921
1923
_
_
1925
_________________________ !
Scalders:4
1O 7
l
1921
1923
___ __ _
1925
_______________________
Hookers-on:5
1Q 7
1
1Q
91
1923
__ . . . ________ ___
1925
____ _____________________
Shavers and scrapers:

Num­ Num­
ber of
estab­ ber of
em­
lish­
Aver­
ments ployees age
rate

Aver-

SLAUGHTERING

Aver­
Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic
age
age
age number or regu­ hours
earn­ of days lar full­ actually
ings worked time worked
Index
per
numbers hour in one hours in one
week
per
week
1917=100
week

Wages per hour

48
24
31
61

85
47
67
102

.347
.580
.577
.581

100
167
166
167

.343
1.588
.598
.592

15.8
5.7
5.7

48.4
52.6
52.0

50.9
143.8
51.0
45.8

17.43
125.78
30.53
27.12

2

95
27
48

2
4
6

52
21

12
3

21

57
28
32
64

206
100
172
242

.338
.563
.555
.578

100
167
164
171

.337
1.584
.572
.590

15.8
5.0
6.6

48.7
62.4
61.9

51.1
17.22
145.9 "’ 27.'42" 126.78
49.6
29.08
28.41
45.1
30.00
26.64

1

92
34
48

2
3
6

47
24

9
5

8
16

43
26
28
52

56
34
38
68

.327
.525
.543
.567

100
161
166
173

.328
1.541
.561
.581

15.7
5.8
5.6

48.8
52.2
51.4

52.6
143.8
50.9
44.1

25.62
28.34
29.14

17.19
123.69
28.55
25.62

1

90
32
53

3
5
7

53
18.

8
4

7
3
16

56
27
33
68

143
68
119
170

.369
.614
.610
.623

100
166
165
169

.364
1.621
.627
.635

15.7
5.9
5.7

48.8
52.3
51.5

52.0
144.4
53.5
47.1

29.96
31.90
32.08

18.92
127.58
33.54
29.89

1

91
34
51

2
3
4

50
27

8
4

7
5
12

50
25
30
57

80
44
97
101

.304
.511
.504
.504

100
168
166
166

.301
1.526
.521
.512

15.5
5.6
6.7

49.1
63.0
61.9

52.4
144.1
61.5
45.4

25.09
26.71
26.16

15.78
123.21
26.84
23.27

2

89
27
49

2
4

54
21

7
6

34
10
20
36

63
21
51
62

.248
.433
.431
.441

100
175
174
178

.251
1.442
.439
.451

15.8
5.2
6.5

48.6
52.6
51.6

45.2
144.5
45.2
44.4

21.04
22.67
22.76

11.34
119.66
19.83
20.00

2

94
29
55

2
6

49
13

16
3

21

49
26
28
50

139
107
125
135

.277
.492
.465
.487

100
178
168
176

.277
1.501
.479
.494

15.7
5.5
5.6

48.3
52.5
51.6

60.7
143.2
48.6
45.7

14.06
23.76 1 21.63
24.41
23.26
25.13
22.58

1

97
32
57

1
2
4

42
10

49
26
28
54

197
115
107
200

.329
.556
.562
.568

100
169
171
173

.331
1.566
.561
.575

15.9
5.9
5.7

48.5
52.3
51.7

54.1
147.8
53.8
47.8

17.88
26.97 1 27.04
29.39
31.17
29.37
27.46

94
30
57

2
5
1

32
18
24
85

201
93
136
109

.239
.439
.429
.423

100
184
179
177

.241
1.446
.440
.436

15.6
5.4
5.6

49.1
52.2
52.4

45.8
142.8
48.2
44.7

11.03
21.55 1 19.08
22.39
21.22
22.17
19.49

90
35
45

4
7
3

19
6
4

17
7

2
7
21

SUMMARY




1

4

AD
N

1Not including data for 1 establishment In which employees are paid biweekly.
*Less than 1 per cent.
*Includes drivers, penners, steamers, singers, washers, aitchbone breakers, and toe pullers
<Includes tub men, droppers, gamb cutters, polemen, and duckers.
*Includes hookers-ofl, hangers-off, straighteners, and chain feeders.

28.07
30.35
30.21

INTBODUCTION

Headers:
19X7..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................
Gutters, bung droppers, and rippers-open:
1917________________ ____________________
1921........................................... ......................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................
Ham facers:
1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................
Splitters:
1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................
Leaf-lard pullers:
1917................................................................. .
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................
Leaf-lard scrapers:
1917................................................................. .
1921................................................................. .
1923.................................................................
1925..................................................................
Bruise trimmers, head removers, and kidney
pullers:
1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923.................................................................
1925..................................................................
Utility men:
1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................
Truckers:
1917____________________________________
1921..................................................................
1923____________________________________
1925. . . --------------------------. . . . ____________

56
18

6
7

4
4
18

40
23

12
8

7
20

11

10

6

<0

T ab le 1 .— A V E RAG E HOURS A N D EARN ING S AN D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR FULL-TIM E HOURS PER W EE K , 1917, 1921, 1923, AND 1925, BY

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, AND Y E A R —Continued

h*
O

Hog-killing department—Continued
Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
64

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

Over
60

m ales —continued

$0,279
.493
.483

100 $0.281
177
i. 507
173
180

15.6
5.5
5.6

48.8
62.3
51.7

49.1
143.8
49.7
46.2

$13.79
$24.06 i 22.23
24. $2
25.26
23.16
26.01

.150
1.351
.341
.343

5.1
5.3

48.0
51.4
6a 5

89.0
145.5
41.7
38.2

5.83
16.13 115.98
17.01
14.23
13.12
17.02

<)
2

FEMALES

.150
.336
.331
.837

100
224
221
225

100

48

PACKING

Kidney pullers, shavers, singers, neck brushers,
and spreaders:
1917................................................................. .
1921................................................................. .
1923................................................................. .
1925______________________________ ______

44

26
18
20
26

Shacklers:
1917............................... .
1921...............................
1923...............................
1925............................... .

19
13
18
26




280 $0,231
.457
201
249
.433
.433
331
29
30
41
58

.249
.472
.474
.485

100 $0,237
198
.471
187
.448
.450
187

5.5
5.5
5.3

48.2
52.6
49.2

.252
.480
.488
.500

5.4
5.5
5.8

47.8
52.7
48.9

100
190
190
195

$10.57
18.94
20.95
19.18

2

7
2

93
24
80

93
22
83

1

3
73
20

3

73
16

5

(3
)

INDUSTRY

Sheep-killing and calf-killing department

Laborers:8
1917............................... .
1921.................. ............ .
1923............................... .
1925............................... .

MEAT

4,098
1,756
2,907
3,463

AD
N

Total, males:
1917____ .__________________________
1921.......................................................
1923.......................................................
1925_________ ____________________

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­
Wages per hour
Aver­
Aver­ Aver- Aver­
age
Aver­
age
Num­ Num­
age
age
age number or regu­ hours
ber of
earn­ of days lar full­ actually time actual
earn­
estab­ ber of
em­
ings worked time worked rate of ings in
Index
Aver­
lish­
per
one
ments ployees age numbers hour in one hours in one
per
per
week
week
week
rate 1917=100
week
week

Stickers:
1917............................ .
1921............................ .
1923............................ .
1925............................ .
Joint breakers:
1917............................ .
1921............................ .
1923............................ .
1925................ ...........
Scalpers:
1917________________
1921............................ .
1923............................ .
1925............................ .
Miscellaneous workers:7
1917............................ .
1921............................ .

.285
.504
.505
.501

100
177
177
176

.285
.505
.527
.518

5.5
5.4
5.6

48.0
51.7
49.1

45.9
89.7
42.9
43.1

24.19
26.11
24.60

12.10
20.03
22.60
22.33

12
9
14
14

16
12
25
20

.273
.485
.470
.500

100
178
172
183

.271
.488
.474
.508

5.4
5.5
5.9

48.0
53.6
49.2

52.1
37.8
41.8
47.8

23.28
25.19
24.60

15
8
10
15

22
11
23
24

.269
.502
.475
.492

100
187
177
183

.270
.552
.493
.519

5.5
5.4
5.8

48.0
52.7
49.3

48.5
40.0
42.1
43.3

1925.................................

16
16
17
21

70
101
112
93

.253
.473
.461
.470

100
187
182
186

.256
.480
.481
.485

O
5.4
5.9

47.8
53.0
49.4

1917.................................
1921.................................
1923.................................
1925................................

22
17
19
27

97
95
137
159

.324
.539
.554
.563

100
166
171
174

.334
.561
.573
.582

5.6
5.5
5.7

1917.................................
1921............................... .
1923.................................
1925.................................

22
13
19
21

46
33
42
52

.346
.573
.598
.611

100
166
173
177

.346
.604
.602
.620

1917.................................
1921--------------------------1923.................................
1925.................................

21
15
18
21

79
66
94
88

.431
.655
.661
.663

100
152
153
154

1917.................................
1921.................................
1923—.............................
1925.................................

20
16
17
21

50
66
71
82

.307
.523
.558
*547

1917.................................
1921......................... ........
1923......................... ........
1925.................................

14
9
12
15

19
11
18
22

.297
.601
.508
.532

Leggers (fore and hind):

Brisket or breast pullers:

.

Bumpers and back pullers:

Brisket or breast splitters:

94
40
82

50
18

10

14.13
18.43
19.81
24.31

100
8
80

88
20

4

24.10
25.03
24.26

13.11
22.07
20.73
22.50

100
22
79

78
21

48.7
89.8
42.8
46.3

22.61
24.43
23.22

12.48
19.10
20.60
22.46

6

94
17
76

7$
24

5

47.9
52.8
49.0

48.2
42.0
44.7
45.2

25.82
29.25
27.59

16.11
23.59
25.61
26.26

3

97
20
80

73
18

7

5.7
5.7
5.9

47.8
53.1
49.3

50.9
42.7
46.5
48.2

27.39
31.75
30.12

17.63
25.79
27.96
29.87

94
17
73

76
23

7

.453
.677
.679
.681

5.7
5.6
5.7

48.0
53.2
48.8

47,9
42.0
46.1
46.9

31.44
35.17
32.35

21.67
28.41
31.28
31.93

100
15
86

76
14

10

100
170
182
178

.307
.544
.578
.566

5.5
5.5
5.6

48.0
52.7
49.4

50.2
39.2
43.3
45.0

25.10
29.41
27.02

15.40
21.33
25.02
25.46

100
23
76

73
23

4

100
169
171
179

.302
.498
.529
.543

5.6
5.6
5,8

47.7
53,1
49.0

51.7
39.7
45.6
46.3

23.90
26.97
26.07

15.63
19.76
24.08
25.13

91
17
77

78
18

6

*Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.
* Less than 1 per cent.
• Includes drivers, penners, holders, shovers, hookers-on to conveyors, hangers-up of racks, and squilgeers.
11ncludes hookers-up of fore quarters and hind legs, shoulder punchers, and shank pinners.




2
6
4

1
9
5

SUMMARY

Facers:

6

AD
N

18
16
20
28

INTRODUCTION

15
13
14
22

T ab le 1 .— AV E R AG E HOURS A N D EARN ING S AN D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR R E G U L AR FULL-TIM E HOURS PER W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, A N D 1925, BY

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, A N D Y E A R —Continued

U)

Sheep-killing and calf-killing department—Continued

Sex, occupation, and year

Pelt droppers:

Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
time actual
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

m ales —continued

$0,269
.481
.505
.587

100
179
188
218

1917...........................................................
1921.......................................................... .
1923-........................................................ .
1925-........................................................ .

14
14
15
21

58
77
105
no

.235
.451
.425
.429

1917.......................................................... .
1921.......................................................... .
1923- —..................................................... .
1925............................................................

11
10
14
14

19
17
25
23

1917..........................................................
1921.......................................................... .
1923...........................................................
1925.......................................................... .

19
17
18
23

1921...........................................................
1923...........................................................
1925...........................................................

58.8
37.7
43.4
44.3

$22.94
25.86
29.29

$15.36
18.23
22.59
26.59

9

91
18
68

82
32

100
192
181
183

.240
.458 " " ‘ O ’ ” "47.Y
.435
5.2
53.6
.451
49.5
5.1

36.0
38.3
40.9
41.8

21.56
22.78
21.24

8.63
17.54
17.79
18.87

8

92
9
74

81
25

10

.307
.515
.505
.508

100
168
164
165

.305
.527
.517
.512

5.8
5.6
5.9

48.0
53.1
49.3

53.3
41.9
44.1
47.0

26.06
26.82
25.04

16.27
22.11
22.81
24.06

100
16
78

76
22

8

32
45
51
74

.290
.490
.494
.494

100
169
170
170

.293
.503
.507
.515

5.5
5.5
5.5

47.9
52.4
48.9

50.0
40.0 ””23.47”
44.2
25.89
45.5
24.16

14.63
20.12
22.40
23.43

4

95
27
85

67
15

6

14
15
21

35
44
54

.477
.457
.490

181
173
186

.489
.458
.504

5.7
5.4
5.7

47.9
52.8
49.6

40.7
44.2
45.7

19.91
20.24
23.03

3

97
20
74

73
26

7

1917...........................................................
1921...........................................................
1923-.........................................................
1925.........................................................-

22
1
6
6

112
4
11
7

.398
.595
.922
.534

100
149
232
134

.404
.640
.847
.559

6.0
4.7
6.0

48.0
51.3
48.0

51.0
43.8 ”"28.”56"
36.9
47.30
50.4
25.63

20.62
28.00
31.22
28.15

100
45
100

55

1917............................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1921...........................................................

16
12

31
22

.253
.481

100
190

.262
.508

5.8

47.9

46.3
42.4

12.11
21.53

Scrubbers, washers, and wipers:

Caul pullers:

Gutters, bung droppers, and rippers-open:

Headers and neck trimmers:
Dressers: •

Luggers:




5.2
5.6
5.7

22.85
24.13
24.30

23.54

1

5

95

AD
N

47.7
52.9
49.9

$0,261
.483
.521
.600

INDUSTRY

14
11
11
41

PACKING

9
9
8
18

Over
60

MEAT

1917.......................................................... .
1921...........................................................
1923-—......................................................
1925...... .....................................................

60

SLAUGHTERING

Aver­
Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic
age
Num­ Num­
age
age number or regu­ hours
ber of ber of
earn­ of days lar full­ actually
estab­ em­
ings worked time worked
lish­
Index
Aver­
per
numbers hour in one hours in one
ments ployees age
week
week
per
rate 1917=100
week
Wages per hour

10
s
S
o
JO
b
7*
td

57
57

.483
.474

191
187

.512
.498

5.4
5.7

52.1
48.5

46.9
46.3

25.16
22.99

23.98
23.06

2

16
35
29
45

.336
.577
.542
.566

100
172
161
168

.339
.657
.570
.601

5.7
5.8
5.9

49.5
52.8
48.9

51.5
44.7
51.2
49.1

28.56
28.62
27.68

17.44
29.37
29.21
29.51

20

37
66
26
61

.702
1.396
.713
.813

26.86
73.29 160.71
37.50
33.56
41.71
35.75

1,063
954
1,191
1,429

.809
.566
.507
.517

14.81
27.34 123.85
26.67
23.32
25.44
24.03

100
.652
199 U.381
102
.739
116
.805

15.7
5.5
5.7

52.5
52.6
51.3

41.2
144.0
45.4
44.4

.314
1.585
.523
.536

15.6
5.5
5.6

48.3
52.6
49.2

47.1
140.7
44.6
44.8

100
183
164
167

32
89

67
9

2

46
21
87

34
72
11

7

2

1

48
27
23

9
23
15

35
21
79

7
(2
)
»

48
73
20

5

16
i
l

90
39
64

6
<>
*
3

46
24

13
4

2
1
4

94
22
64

1
2
4

63
22

10
3

1
3
6

96
28
77

2
2
1

58
15

10
3

2
4

91
20
67

2
2
2

70
22

7
1

Offal (other than hides and casings) department
HALES

Chiselers, cheekers, and templers:
1917.............................................
1921.............................................
1923.............................................
1925.............................................
Machine operators:9
1917.............................................
1921.............................................
1923—.........................................
1925.............................................
Trimmers:
1917.............................................
1921.............................................
1923_...........................................
1925.............................................
Pluck trimmers:
1917.............................................
1921.............................................
1923.............................................
1925.............................................

40
30
35
63

150 $0,333
217
.560
271
.590
269
.549

100 $0,326
168 1.585
177
.595
165
.574

15.7
5.6
5.6

48.2
51.8
50.2

50.5
143.3
48.1
46.5

$16.48
$26.99 125.33
30.56
28.62
27.56
26.14

3

54
29
34
64

272
164
280
333

.268
.478
.469
.494

100
178
175
184

.265
1.490
.485
.507

15.5
5.6
5.7

47.8
52.8
50.3

53.4
142.2
48.7
46.6

14.16
22.85 120.69
24.76
23.63
24.85
23.61

4

60
32
36
60

1,238
471
768
597

.282
.487
.485
.484

100
173
172
172

.279
1.504
.499
.500

15.6
5.7
5.6

47.9
52.4
49.6

52.6
142.1
49.2
47.4

14.69
23.33 121.24
25.41
24.57
24.01
23.68

3

31
30
33
56

60
103
174
187

.258
.479
.479
.475

100
186
186
184

.262
1.493
.491
.498

»5.7
6.6
6.6

47.7
52.9
50.2

48.9
43.1
48.0
46.2

12.80
22.85 121.25
25.34
23.57
23.85
23.01

1

2

1
6
2

SUMMARY

5
4
5

AD
N

38
46
57

INTRODUCTION

1928...............
...............
1925............................................................
Utility men, spellers, handy men, and all­
round men:
1917...... ...............................
1921...............................................: : : : : : : : : : :
1923.........................................................
1925..............................................................;;
Sheep or calf butchers:
1917..............................................................
1921...................................................
1923— .........................................
1925.............................................................."
_ _
Total, males:
1917....................................................
1921..................................................... '
1923.....................................................
1925.................................................. .

1
1
6 ......

1Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.
• Less than 1 per cent.
•Includes rib sawyers or Boston cutters, setters or Boston setters, caul dressers, and dressers.
•Includes skull splitters, jawbone pullers, horn sawyers, and teeth grinders.




00

T ab le 1 .— AV E R AG E HOURS A N D EARN ING S AN D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR R E G U LAR FU LL-TIM E HOURS PER W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, AND 1925, BY

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, AND Y E A R —Continued

h-*

^

Offal (other than hides and casings) department—Continued

Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
time actual
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

males — continued

100 $0,253
.466
190
181
.462
.459
177

6.0
5.8
5.9

48.0
52.0
50.1

56.6
51.0
50.2
51.6

38
32
35
51

677
331
451
515

.231
.455
.416
.424

100
197
180
184

.232
1.473
.431
.441

15.5
5.4
5.6

48.1
50.3
49.3

52.7
143.4
46.6
47.1

12.22
21.89 1 20.49
20.92
20.07
20.90
20.77

43
23
28
49

93
69
100
121

.263
.467
.453
.468

100
178
172
178

.267
1.475
.467
.489

15.5
5.7
5.6

48.0
52.9
49.4

52.7
141.3
49.1
46.6

14.05
22.42 119.59
23.96
22.94
22.78
23.12

47
18
29
39

240
77
124
138

.259
.454
.436
.449

100
175
168
173

.258
.464
.451
.471

5.6
5.4
5.7

47.9
51.6
49.2

49.7
42.4
47.8
44.8

87
26
29
46

241
214
472
289

.238
.449
.423
.424

100
T89
178
178

.242
1.456
.433
.442

1 5.6
5.5
5.6

48.0
52.9
49.8

47
28
30
50

i65
77
115
116

.250
.497
.485
.506

100
199
194
202

.255
1.529
.489
.528

15.6
5.6
5.5

48.3
52.6
50.5

$23.04
23.87
22.44

$14.33
23.74
23.16
23.68

100
33
65
3

2
2

12.85
19.65
21.53
21.11

2

51.2
142.6
48.0
48.6

12.39
21.55 119.42
22.38
20.78
21.12
21.48

2

52.6
143.4
48.6
47.9

24.01
25.51
25.55

13.43
122.96
23.77
25.26

4

21.75
22.50
22.09

1

5

62
35

92
34
80

3
2
(a
)

91
22
68

6

89
44
81

6

93
21
72

4

85
28
66

6
3
4

1

7
3

2
4
2

66
24

10
3

2
2

47
14

6
1

3
3
2

67
22

1

54
14

10
2

1
1
3

57
19

8
3

5
4
8

INDUSTRY

$0,253
.480
.459
.448

PACKING

20
12
21
23

MEAT




9
6
12
17

AD
N

Inspectors and graders:
1917...................................................................
1921...................................................................
1923...................................................................
1925...................................................................
Laborers:
1917...................................................................
1921...................................................................
1923........................................... ......................
1925...................................................................
Rippers-open of paunches and pecks:
1917..................................................................
1921...................................................................
1923............... _................................................
1925.......................................................... .......
Washers:
1917...................................................................
1921...................................................................
1923...................................................................
1925............................ .....................................
Trackers:
1917...................................................................
1921___ •
...........................................................
1923-................................................................
1925--............................................................
Tripe washers:
1917...................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1 0 2 5 ...................... *......................................

Over
60

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­
Wages per hour
age
Aver­
Aver­ Aver­
Num­ Num­
age
basic
age
age number or regu­ hours
ber of ber of
earn­ of days lar full­
estab­ em­
actually
ings worked time worked
Aver­
Index
lish­
per
numbers hour in one hours in one
ments ployees age
week
rate 1917=100
week
per
week

Tripe scalders and cookers:

1917..................................................................
1921 ..................................................................
1923.................. _.......................... „.................
1925................................................................. .

22
12
15
29

59
21
28
43

.271
.481
.478
.522

100
17?
176
19-3

i 5.9
5.7
5.9

48.0
52.5
49.7

64.9
148.4
60.1
55.2

17.67
23.09 1 23.29
25.10
24.14
25.94
30.61

2

100
29
70

i917................................................................. .
1921................._.............................................. .
1923..................................................................
1921..................................................................

85
24
31
49

157
115
209
227

.435
.518
.564
.547

100
119
130
126

1 5.7
5.6
5.8

48.2
52.6
49.7

61.8
142.5
46.8
50.1

21.40
24.97 122.54
29.67
27.30
27.19
29.56

<>
*

96
25
73

1917................................................................. .
1021........... ......... ............................................
1923...........................................................
1925..................................................................

35
19
24
30

116
54
91
100

.293
.504
.470
.478

100
172
160
163

15.6
5.6
5.8

49.7
51.3
51.1

49.5
143.9
4a 5
46.6

14.33
25.05 121.22
24.11
22.90
24.43
22.60

1917................................................................. .
1921................................................................. .
1023................................................................. .
1925..................................................................

18
10
2
15

38
14
3
32

.269
.464
.442
.524

100
172
164
195

5.6
5.3
5.8

48.9
52.0
50.4

48.2
45.6 " 22.69"
48.3
22.98
48.3
26.41

12.40
21.19
22.05
27.16

93
33
76

67
9

1917............................................. ....................
1921.................................................................
1023................. ............................................... .
1925..................................................................

9
4
6
8

18
6
10
13

.273
.449
.439
.469

100
164
161
172

6.0
6.0
5.9

48.0
49.4
51.2

67.2
46.2 ” 21.56"
50.3
21.69
52.2
24.01

15.82
20.77
22.19
24.38

100
80
62

23

1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................

30
26
29
45

93
89
139
173

.291
.488
.494
.480

100
168
170
165

15.8
5.7
5.9

62
33
37
89

3,637
2,034
3,256
3,176

.274
.485
.476
.479

100
177
174
175

4
6

9
17

.372
.378

Tripe scrapers and finishers:

Shavers, cleaners, scrapers, and singers, pigs’
feet:

Finishers, pigs* feet:

17.84
23.28 122.80
26.08
26.93
24.34
25.64

10

15.6
5.6
5.6

48.0
52.2
49.9

52.5
143.0
48.4
47.5

14.27
23.28 121.44
24.85
23.66
23.71
23.90

3

5.7
4.9

48.0
50.8

43.8
39.1

48.0
53.8
51.3

41.7
47.0
47.8
40.6

1

2

4
2

63
21

10
4

(?)
2

34
18

11
5

15
4
14
7
16

20
15

87
23
58

1
3

65
27

9
7

3
2
5

87
29
71

9
1
1

2
59
19

9
3

2
4

FEMALES

Chiselers, checkers, and templers:
1921.............................................
1923.............................................
Machine operators:9
1917............................................
1921.............................................

.193
100
5
3
4
.378
4
196
7
28
.367
190
1925.........................................................
9
.414
215
6
1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.
* Less than 1 per cent.
* Includes skull splitters, jawbone pullers, horn sawyers, and teeth grinders.




6.0
> 5.8
5.4

17.86
19.20

17.35
14.59

100
53

47

18.14
19.74
21.24

8.21
17.75
17.44
16.79

100
11
44

82
56

SUMMARY

Total, males:
1917..........
1 9 2 1 ......
1923..........
1925..........

47.7
52.8
50.7

61.8
146.3
52.7
52.0

81
51
60

4
9

AD
N

Utility-men, slunk skinners, and spell men:

1

4
1

64
14

INTRODUCTION

Splitters and trimmers, pigs' feet:

4

2

7

Ox

T ab le 1 .— AVE R AG E HOURS A N D E ARN IN G S AN D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR R E G U LAR FULL-TIM E HOURS PER W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, A N D 1925, BY

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, A N D Y E A R —Continued

Offal (other than hides and casings) department—Continued

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
time actual
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

females—continued

90 $0,173
.381
103
198
.366
.351
139

100 $0,182 . . . . . . . .
~~48."6'
.382
220
.367
6.7
52.9
210
50.7
203
.374
5.5

41.4
42.7
45.6
42.6

$18.25
19.36
17.80

$7.52
16.31
16.75
15.95

.339
.374
.399

.340
.373
.406

5.6
5.3
5.5

46.3
52.0
52.3

42.5
42.0
47.2

15.73
19.45
20.87

14.41
15.66
19.18

2
3
2

2
11
3

.360
.332
.370

.371
.335
.372

6.0
5.2
6.0

48.0
53.5
52.0

47.0
39.9
41.0

17.28
17.76
19.24

17.42
13.35
15.23

3
5
6

7
20
13

.350
.319
.333

.851
.320
.335

5.7
5.3
5.4

45.7
54.1
51.2

36.5
44.3
43.8

16.00
17.26
17.05

12.82
14.17
14.70

15
13
15
24

144
73
180
154

.166
.350
.331
.293

100
211
199
177

.167
.353
.341
.297

5.2
5.5
5.6

47.6
62.1
60.7

45.8
37.9
45.5
44.9

16.88
17.25
14.86

49
20
24
16

.185
.371
.362
.379

100
201
196
205

.170
.362
.340
.379

5.5
5.4
4.9

48.0
52.8
52.1

50.1
39.6 " i i ' s i ”
19.11
45.3
19.75
39.8

8.63
14.34
16.41
15.10

9
3
5

22
4
16

.220
.289
.378

100
131
172

.205
.288
.363

^ 5.8
5.8

51.0
52.9

47.7
45.2 "‘ l4.'74"
50.8
20.00

9.81
13.01
18.43

58

7.54
13.44
15.49
13.33

13
5
8
6

55

42

33

100

9

29

15

INDUSTRY

19
15
6

22

PACKING

6
8
5

100

MEAT




16
14
15
22

AD
N

Trimmers:
1917____________________________________
1921................................................................
1923.................................................................
1926.................................................................
Pluck trimmers:
1921.................................................................
1923........................................... ....................
1925................................................................
Inspectors and graders:
1921................................................................
1923.................................................................
1925................................................................
Packers:
1921____________________________________
1923................................................................
1925........................................ - .....................
Miscellaneous workers:1
0
1917.................................................................
1921.................................................................
1923................................................................
1925................................................................
Shavers, cleaners, scrapers, and singers, pigs
feet:
1917.— .........................................................
1921.................................................................
1923......... .......................................................
1925___ ■.......................................................
Splitters and trimmers, pigs' feet:
1917................................................................
1921.................................................................
1923................................................................

Over
60

SLAUGHTERING

Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic Aver­
age
age
Num­
age number
Num­
hours
ber of
earn­ of days or regu­ actually
lar full­
estab­ ber of
em­
ings worked time worked
lish­
Aver­
Index
per
numbers hour in one hours in one
ments ployees age
week
per
rate 1917=100
week
week
Wages per hour

14

100
54
31

33

1525

............................

Total, females:
1917
1921
1923
1925 .....................................................

3

4

.329

160

.392

5.8

51.0

41.8 1 16.78
I

16.38

17
22
22
35

310
241
509
344

. 175
.365
.352
.329

100
209
200
188

.174
.367
.854
.341

5.5
5.5
5.5

47.9
52.6
50.7

45.2
41.0
45.3
43.5

7.89
15.04
16.05
14.86

48.1
52.3
49.9

56.6
144.8
49.4
49.2

$16.25
$23. 62 i 22.40
24.45
25.26
25.60
24.80

48.2
52.2
49.6

55.6
145.2
49.2
50.7

23.33
24.53
23.56

14.69
121.95
23.69
25.09

1

21.55
22.44
21.06

10.73
17.94
18.85
17.70

1

i

17.48
18.52
16.68

50

50

90
29
58

4

96
30
70

5

2
2

96
31
72

2

97
. 28
69

3

96
29
70

2

86
31
67

4

1

1
58
34

6
5

59
20

8
8

59
19

9
3

67
27

4
3

64
24

I
5
3

1
1

57
20

9
5

5
3
6

7
3

Hide department
MALES

.260
.484
.470
.475

42
26
31
47

805
461
846
819

.234
.448
.429
.422

Total, males:
1917
.
_____
1921........................................................
1923.......................................................
1925........................................................

55
30
34
67

1,218
814
1,357
1,404

.246
.465
.447
.448

$0,280
.491
.483
.497

100

175
173
178
100

186
181
183
100

191
183
180
100

189
182
182

$0,287
1.501
.495
.520
.264
1.486
.481
.495

15.7
5.7
5.7
15.7
5.8
5.7

(2
)

1

.237
.452
.433
.439

5.2
5.2
4.8

48.1
52.3
49.9

45.2
39.7
43.5
40.3

.252
1.470
.455
.470

15.4
5.4
5.2

48.1
52.3
49.8

48.9
142.0
45.7
44.4

12.33
22.37 119.75
23.38
20.80
22.31. 20.86

(2
)

48.5
52.3
50.1

53.1
144.0
49.5
46.8

$15.71
$24.69 123.12
25.67
26.52
25.35
24.37

i

(’)

1

1

1

2

1
1

1
1

2
2
1

2
2

(2
)
(2
)

Casing department
MALES

Casing pullers or runners:
1917
1921..................................................................
1923._
....................................................
1925..................................................................

59
32
34
69

597
408
548
620

$0,298
.509
.607
.506

100
171
170
170

$0,296
i . 526
.518
.521

1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.
* Less than 1 per cent.
1 Includes washers, tripe washers, tripe scalders and cookers, tripe scrapers and finishers.
0




15.4
5.7
5.7

7

i

SUMMAHT

219
192
280
351

194
161
231
234

AD
N

35
29
33
62

48
30
34
57

INTRODUCTION

Inspectors, graders, and trimmers:
1917..................................................................
1921 _ _ _
.................................................
1923..................................................................
1925_................................................................
Spreaders and salters:
1917_ _
..........................
1921..................................................................
1923 __
.................
1925...................................................... .......
Laborers:
1917 ___
_
1921-...............................................................
1923_................................................................
1925..................................................................

T able 1 .— AVERAG E HOURS A N D EARN INGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR FULL-TIM E HOURS PER W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, AN D 1925, BY

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX OCCUPATION, AND Y E A R —Continued

00

Casing department—Continued

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
actual
time
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

h a l e s — continued

53.3
141.9
48.7
47.2

$13.95
$23.09 120.25
23.07
24.45
23.55
24.60

10

.311
.547
.551
.535

100
176
177
172

.312
1.547
.611
.556

15.5
5.6
5.6

48.4
52.9
50.0

54.1
142.3
48.7
48.4

16.88
26.47 123.12
29.77
29.15
26.92
26.75

6

112
99
128
173

.260
.494
.474
.475

100
190
181
183

.264
1.516
.479
.490

15.3
5.5
5.7

48.2
52.6
49.9

52.0
141.0
47.4
48.7

13.75
23.81 121.16
22.73
24.72
23.70
23.86

4

39
28
27
45

152
94
130
164

.266
.478
.472
.474

100
180
177
178

.267
1.495
.484
.489

15.6
5.5
5.6

49.1
52.8
49.8

55.5
143.6
49.4
49.3

14.82
23.47 121.57
24.92
23.88
24.07
23.61

30
26
23
42

62
59
65
100

.274
.487
.473
.497

100
178
173
181

.283
.512
.486
.519

5.6
5.8
6.7

48.4
53.0
50.3

58.6
45.1
51.4
51.2

48. i
52.6
49.9

58.3
145.5
51.8
48.5

52
30
29
61

571
336
427
558

36
31
26
44

[

I

- —
____

. _

1
3

_____
I
•
a

I
t
19235
1925.

47.9
52.7
50.3

$0,260
.484
.464
.489

1917.
1921L1925.




...........................................

40
27
30
51

190
132
158
219

.277
.490
.473
.480

100
177
171
173

.278
1.502
.479
.501

15.7
5.8
5.6

'

1

4

16.59
23.08
24.94
26.55

3

16.19
23.57 122.84
24.79
24.88
24.30
23.95

7

23.57
25.07
25.00

1

88
23
68

2
8
1

88
22
70

2

94
27
69

1

66
21

8
3

2
1
7

65
19

10
2

4
2
6

66
26

4
1

1
3
2
10
2
5

1
1

85
25
74

1
1

52
17

22
2

92
18
67

2
2
1

68
21

12
3

7

89
25
73 1

2
1
1

65
20

7
3

2
1
4

3

INDUSTRY

_____

15.6
5.6
5.6

305
203
313
270

PACKING

r

1921.
[
1923.
i
1925.

100 $0,262
185 1.483
178
.474
.499
188

49
28
32
55

MEAT

1921.
.
_________ ____ ___ _
1923.
.......................................
1925tters and elimers:
a
r
19171921.
[
________
1923.
1925.
imers:
i:
r
1917.
[
_____
19211
19231925.
graders, and inspectors: *

AD
N

rs:

Over
60

SLAUGHTERING

Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic Aver­
age
age
Num­ Num­
age number or regu­ hours
ber of ber of
earn­ of days lar full­ actually
estab­ em­
ings worked time worked
Index
Aver­
lish­
per
numbers hour in one hours in one
ments ployees age
week
per
week
rate 1917*100
week
Wages per hour

.279
.490
.501
.494

100
176
180
177

.280
1.510
.508
.511

15.7
5.8
5.7

48.1
52.0
50.1

53.4
143.7
50.1
48.8

14.94
23.57 i 22.25
26.05
25.46
24.75
24.98

16
7
14
14

29
14
23
34

.268
.482
.465
.464

100
ISO
174
173

.268
.492
.472
.496

5.7
5.5
5.8

48.0
51.7
49.1

56.4
43.4
47.7
51.4

23.14
24.04
22.78

15.13
21.36
22.51
25.49

58
27
34
63

410
121
313
377

.272
.492
.478
.490

100
181
176
180

.275
•.512
.490
.505

5.6
5.6
5.7

49.5
52.3
50.9

52.7
44.1
50.9
48.4

24.35
25.00
24.94

14.52
22.55
24.93
24.50

30
20
27
41

307
108
165
217

.226
.444
.409
.423

100
196
181
187

.228
1.462
.418
.433

15.6
5.3
5.5

48.7
52.6
49.7

53.5
142.3
45.5
45.7

15
16
16
28

47
55
116
59

.235
.438
.417
.443

100
186
177
189

.238
.445
.430
.446

5.6
5.6
5.6

48.8
53.1
50.2

48.4
42.1
47.6
47.9

62
32
34
78

3,081
1,792
2,599
3,081

.278
.499
.488
.494

100
179
176
178

.279
1.512
.507
.510

15.3
5.6
5.6

48.4
52.6
50.1

53.8
143.2
49.2
48.0

2

5.6
5.6
5.7

48.0
51.1
51.0

48.3
42.1
48.0
42.9

•

12.19
21.62 U9.54
19.01
21.51
21.02
19.78

3

"o r

3

1

<)
2
4

15.03
24.15 122.10
25.67
24.94
24.75
24.48

5

(*
)

1

51
23

9
2

2
5

48
18

2
1

100
44
82

11.53
18.74
20.46
21.34

21.37
22.14
22.24

95
36
69

4

4

76
34
60

12
(2
)
3

47
22

16
7

7
3
8

93
24
73

1

68
22

6
1

6
1
3

83
16
69

9
1
3

30
17

2
2

4
52
8

88
27
68

3
1
1

58
21

io

4
4
6

18
49
51

1

51
40

6

100
44

3

SUMMARY

299
163
213
240

AD
N

Total, males:
1917__ T________ ^______ ^
1921........................................................
1923—. . ................................................
1925.......................................................

50
29
32
55

INTRODUCTION

Trimmers of casings:
1917..................................................................
1921-................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................
Blowers and tiers of bladders and weasands:
1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925.................................................................
General workers:
1917......................................... ........................
1921............................... ..................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................
Laborers:
1917........................ .........................................
1921..................... ............................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................
Truckers:
1917..................................................................
1921.................................... .............................
1923..................................................................
1925.................................................................

FEMALES

Casing pullers or runners:
1917_____________________________________
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................
Strippers:
1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................
Turners:.
1921...................................................................
1923...................................................................
1925...................................................................

6
10

17
89
75

.195
.391
.374
.389

100
201
192
199

.196
.401
.378
.386

1
8
5
8

17
41
17
18

.151
.363
.354
.360

100
240
234
238

.151
.363
.354
.375

5.9
5.9
5.7

12
.394
4
32
.332
4
30
.329
6
1Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.
>Less than 1 per cent.

.392
.339
.329

5.4
4.4
5.7




2
5

18.77
19.11
19.84

9.45
16.86
18.15
16.56

48.0
54.0
50A

52.8
42.7
46.3
41.9

17.42
19.12
18.29

7.98
15.51
16.39
15.70

48.0
53.8
48.5

41.2
40.1
44.8

18.91
17.86
15.96

16.16
13.57
14.73

82

100
50

3

100
(2
)
87

100
10

8

_,
CO

T a b le 1 .— AV E R AG E HOURS A N D EA R N IN G S AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR FU LL-TIM E HOURS P E R W EE K , 1917, 1921, 1923, AN D 1925,

B Y D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, AN D Y E A R —Continued

fcO

O

Casing department—
Continued
Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

females—continued

100

217
210

215

100

$0,163
1.354
.348
.364
.170
.377
.437

16
22

.154
.352
.367
.383

100
229
238
249

.160
.352
.375

104
54
71
75

.189
.397
.374
.379

210
198

100

.187
.398
.378

22

70
9
34

.157
.353
.367
.392

100
225
234
250

.155
.358
.368
.405

51
50
199
143

.180
.357
.335
.356

198
186
198

100

.178
.358
.341

14

12

253
210

201

51.0
141.5
47.1
44.1

5.9
5.8
5.5

48.0
53.3
49.1

47.6
44.9
47.6
42.6

6.0
5.5

$8.31
$16.91 »14.69
16.37
17.99
16.07
17.27
18.14
23.19
17.77

8.09
16.95
20.81
16.30

48.0
54.0
49.6

47.6
42.8
50.9
44.5

16.90
19.82
19.00

7.62
15.08
19.08
17.63

5.6
5.8
5.7

48.1
52.6
50.3

50.0
40.9
48.8
50.4

19.10
19.67
19.06

9.33
16.28
18.44
19.47

5.9
5.8
5.4

48.0
54.0
48.7

52.5
41.6
46.2
42.5

16.94
19.82
19.09

8.15
14.87
17.00
17.22

5.2
5.4
5.4

49.2
54.1
49.9

45.2
39.4
44.7
40.9

17.54
18.12
17.76

8.00
14.17
15.23
14.80

13

6.0

100

11
82

18

100

100
27

73

100

INDUSTRY

220

64
62

47.9
52.6
49.2

PACKING

.172
.378
.435

7

12

15.7
5.6
5.6

MEAT




135 $0,163
.353
77
.342
190
.351
197

AD
N

Blowers, graders, and inspectors:
1917............................................................
1921............................................................
1923............................................................
1925.. .
Measurers and bunchers:
1917........................................... ................
1921............................................................
1923............................................................
1925............................................................
Salters and packers:
1917............................................................
1921............................................................
1923............................................................
1925............................................................
Trimmers of casings:
1917............................................................
1921............................................................
1923............................................................
1925............................................................
Blowers and tiers of bladders and weasands:
1917............................................................
1921............................................................
1923............................................................
1925............................................................
General workers:
1917... .
1921............................................................
1923..— - . 1925-— . - . - ---------------- -- -------------------

Over
60

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­
Aver­ Aver­
Wages per hour
Aver­
age
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic
age
age
age
Num­ Num­
age number or regu­ hours
actual
ber of ber of
earn­ of days lar full­ actually time
earn­
estab­ em­
ings worked time worked rate of ings in
Index
lish­ ployees Aver­
per
one
age
numbers hour in one hours in one
ments
per
week
week
per
rate 1917=100
week
week

100
9
28

11

Total, females:

1917................................................
1921..................................................
1923..................................................
1925..................................................

22
20
21
41

352
349
637
656

.172
.366
.355
.363

100
.171
2i3 : i. 369
206
! 361
211
.373

1 5; 7
5.6
5.6

48.2
53.2
49.7

49.8
140.9
46.3
43.8

8.51
17.64 i 15.28
18.89
16.74
18! 04
16.30

6

i
X

90
16
71

4
X

78
25

2
3

3

Cutting or fresh-foeef department
MALES

23
17
17
33

41 $0,311
26
.547
39
.557
.583
66

100
176
179
187

$0,317
.610
.565
.585

48.3
53.0
49.5

60.0
41.8• $26.42
48.8
29.52
49.8
28.86

$19.03
25.54
27.59
29.14

49
27
33
56

2,700
1,229
1,261
1,767

.236
.457
.432
.429

100
194
183
182

.236
1.462
.447
.443

15.7
5.7
5.6

48.2
52.6
49.9

55.8
144.6
52.2
50.1

42
24
31
60

493
340
421
578

.296
.523
.516
.522

100
177
174
176

.302
.558
.532
.533

5.8
5.6
5.7

48.3
52.4
50.0

58.4
44.5
50.6
51.5

7
12
15
29

16
18
33
55

.285
.503
.513
.499

100
190
194
188

.263
1.503
.549
.526

16.0
5.6
5.9

47.5
53.2
49.8

16
11
18
22

57
27
66
61

.337
.558
.601
.570

100
166
178
169

.335
.557
.649
.611

6.0
5.9
5.7

48.1
53.4
49.7

54.0
45.0
55.4
51.0

35
18
30
57

426
86
432
547

.526
.595
.870
.811

100
113
165
154

.510
1.585
.907
.786

15.4
5.5
5.6

48.5
52.9
49.4

40.9
140.1
50.4
43.1

29
15
21
39

201
31
189
224

.291
i. 501
.518
.502

15.6
5.7
5.6

48.3
52.1
49.5

56.2
141.4
53.3
46.6

16.37
"24.39" 120.75
26.15
27.64
23.96
23.39

23

20.87
28.86 123.46
46.02
45.68
40.06
33.85

13.18
22.03 120.62
22.72
23.35
21.41
22.23
25.26
27.04
26.10

17.64
24.82
26.88
27.43

(2)

AD
N

62.3
16.40
145.2 "’ 23.'89“ 122.74
56.5
27.29
30.98
28.01
53.2 : 24.85
26.84
32.09
28.33

18.12
25.06
35.97
31.20

16

SUMMABY

.292
100
.505
173
.502
172
.484
166
1Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.
* Less than 1 per cent.




6.0
5.8
5.8

INTjRGDUOTION

Ribbers:
1917...............................................
1921...............................................
1923...............................................
1925................................................
Laborers:
1917...............................................
1921...............................................
1923...............................................
1925...............................................
Luggers and lifters:
1917.......................... ....................
1921....................... ......................
1923............. , ................................
1925.......................... ....................
Sawyers, power:
1917...............................................
1921...............................................
1923................................................
1925................................................
Ham facers, strippers, and markers:
1917...........................................
1921................................................
1923................................................
1925................................................
Boners:
1917...............................................
1921...............................................
1923................................................
1925................................................
Trimmers:
1917................................................
1921................................................
1923................................. ............ .
1925................................................

21

(2
)

to

T able 1.—A V E R AG E HOURS A N D EARN ING S AN D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR R EGU LAR FU LL-TIM E HOURS PER W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, A N D 1925, BY
D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, A N D Y E A R —Continued

fcO

t>3

Cutting or fresh-beef department—
Continued
Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
time actual
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

Over
60

males — continued

100
190
211
185

$0,302
». 568
.625
.551

i 5.9
5.9
5.9

47.4
52.9
50.2

60.0
146.2
56.6
53.1

$18.11
$26.54 i 26.26
35.34
32.85
29.26
27.36

19

33
22
18
53

166
121
68
186

.302
.567
.618
.590

100
188
205
195

.303
1.578
.623
.601

15.6
5.8
5.9

48.1
52.2
51.5

57.3
143.6
50.7
53.9

17.39
27.27 125.19
31.62
32.26
32.41
30.39

11

20
13
15
23

58
23
37
45

.274
.495
.475
.498

100
181
173
182

.282
.511
.516
.518

5.7
5.9
6.0

47.7
53.7
48.8

58.2
43.9
59.9
56.1

44
29
27
53

750
353
531
749

.254
.465
.451
.455

100
183
178
179

.255
V470
.472
.464

15.8
5.7
5.7

48.4
53.2
50.4

57.7
145.
54.8
51.6

14.71
22.51 i 21.28
25.87
23.99
23.93
22.93

15.7
5.2
5.5

48.4
53.2
50.1

54.8
144.2
49.8
49.8

15.9
5.6
5.8

48.2
53.9
51.0

68.3
146.6
53.2
51.8

24.00
24.42
24.12

29
19
26
42

894
483
899
618

.231
.451
.428
.424

100
195
185
184

.231
1.456
.447
.435

21
22
17
44

282
123
200
251

.250
.498
.453
.473

100
199
181
189

.251
1.503
.471
.485

23. 61
25.51
24.30

16.43
22.43
30.88
29.06

2

8
13
24

81
22
63

1

74
31

2

3
2

85
32
47

1
6
6

57
13

1
8

3
3
18

87
11
51

4

70
13

16
4

3
2

68
24

2
3

81
28

2
2

91
33

2

2

93
22
60

12.67
21.83 120.16
22.27
22.77
21.66
21.24

7

96
16
59

17.15
123.43
25.03
25.15

3

2

4

91
6
55

3
4

(2
)
3
1
1

INDUSTRY

$0,294
.560
.621
.545

PACKING




177
59
88
168

MEAT

1Q17

1921
1923
1925
__________ _
Truckers:
1917
1921
1923
1925
___________
Freezer and temperature men:
1917
1921
1923
1925........ ............................ ..............................

32
18
24
42

AD
N

Utility men, handy men, spell men, assistant
foremen, and straw bosses:
1917
1921
1923
1925
___________
Cutters and general butchers:
1917
1921
1923
- - 1925
______________________
Graders and inspectors:
1917
1921
1923
1925
.........................................
Packers, meat runners, order men, and stowers:

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­
Wages per hour
Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic
age
age
Num­ Num­
age number or regu­ hours
ber of
earn­ of days lar full­ actually
estab­ ber of
ings worked time worked
em­
Index
Aver­
lish­
per
numbers
in one hours in one
ments ployees age
week
week
per
1917=100 hour
rate
week

3
8
6

4
2
3
2
4
6

1

Calf skinners:
1917..................................................................
1921...................................................................
1923..................................................................
1926.... .............................................................

11
13
16
31

34
36
64
115

.492
.741
.898
.971

100
151
183
197

.420
.741
.903
.958

5.7
5.7
5.6

47.9
61.6
49.4

58.6
44.2
46.8
48.2

Total, males:
1917........................................................
1921........................................................
1923-......................................................
1926........... ............................................

53
31
35
75

6,294
2,956
4,328
6,430

.271
.483
.508
.610

100
178
187
188

.266
1.492
.526
.514

16.7
5.6
5.7

48.2
52.9
50.0

4
2
8
9

49
10
63
36

.162
.308
.364
.330

100
190
225
204

.160
1.286
.371
.335

16.0
5.3

51.0
64.3
52.2

24.62
32.77
42.22
46.13

1

55.9
144.5
51.9
49.9

14.87
23.28 121.90
26.87
27.28
26.60
25.65

4

48.9
164.0
47.1
43.4

7.82
15.71 115.44
19.77
17.48
17.23
14.63

49.3
52.0
50.7

51.7
145.0
49.1
46.3

$12.35
$22.04 120.42
22.31
22.31
21.70
20.36

35.49
46.34
47.97

3

3

97
42
79

94
23
63

48
10

3

70
25

3
3

2
3
4

50
73
69

1
(2 '
)
2

9
7

16

50
32

12

10
1

4

4

47
21

10
3

4
4

50
20

4

2

7

49
24

11
5

s
6
2

(*)

FEMALES

6 .1

50
11
31

INTRODUCTION

Trimmers of trimmings:
1917...............................................................
1921...................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................

Cutting or fresh-pork department
MALE 6

1,680
822
1,355
1,389

$0*238
.447
.429
.428

100
188
180
180

$0,289
1.454
.454
.439

24
24
31
37

47
53
92
96

.292
.513
.506
.509

100
176
173
174

.290
1.520
.517
.525

i 5.8
5.7
5.7

48.3
52.1
50.0

55.0
143.6
48.8
45.6

20
17
25
31

34
28
46
46

.310
.526
.530
.524

100
170
171
169

.304
1.530
.527
.537

15.7
6.0
5.7

49.0
51.4
50.3

24
28
31
40

83
86
123
132

.373'
.598
.594
.601

100
160
159
161

.376
i. 611
.605
.616

15.8
5.7
5.7

49.2
52.5
50.1

5.6
5.5
6.6

88
35
59

1
2
1

15.94
*24.78’ 1 22.67
26.36
25.25
25.45
23.94

96
36
72

2
3

64.7
143.6
49.4
42.7

16.67
25.77 123.14
27.24
26.06
26.36
22.96

89
41
67

4
4
4

52.5
144.1
49.9
44.8

19.69
29.08 126.91
31.19
30.22
30.11
27.62

87
31
67

2

<)
3

2

5

3

I Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.
* Less than 1 per cent.
II Includes shovers, spacers, temperature men, counters, cutters-down, block tenders, sawyers-off of feet, wrappers, machine tenders, cooler men, and skin bundlers.




7

SUMMARY

64
31
34
64

AD
N

Laborers:«
1917.................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923...................................................................
1926..................................................................
Ham and shoulder sawyers:
1917..................................................................
1921...................................................................
1923...................................................................
1925..................................................................
Ham cutters-off:
1917—...............................................................
1921..................................................................
1923...................................................................
1925...................................................................
Ham trimmers:
1917..................................................................
1921...................................................................
1923...................................................................
1925........................................... ......................

T ab le 1.—AV E R AG E HOURS A N D EARN ING S A N D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REG U LAR FULL-TIM E HOURS PER W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, AND 1925, BY

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, AND YEA R -C ontinued

fcO
^

Cutting or fresh-pork department—Continued

Wages per hour

m ales—

Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
time actual
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

continued
50.0
143.6
40.9
43.5

$18.35
$39.48 i 34.60
28.79
35.81
30.07
36.29

89
28
52

2
1
3

100
178
164
170

.347
i. 611
.565
.585

i 5.7
5.6
5.9

49.2
51.8
50.4

53.9
143.6
49.5
47.7

18.69
29.18 i 26.59
28.33
27.98
27.95
28.63

87
45
68

4
2

.323
.546
.547
.536

100
169
169
166

.327
1.560
.557
.560

15.7
5.7
5.6

48.6
51.9
50.7

49.3
142.4
49.3
44.6

16.13
26.54 i 23.73
28.39
27.46
27.18
24.98

90
35
59

7
1
3

52
45
82
69

.318
.535
.533
.536

100
168
168
169

.325
1.545 “’ TB 'i"
.543
5.6
.561
5.8

48.0
51.6
49.7

47.2
139.1
45.4
43.8

15.33
25.68 121.29
24.65
27.50
26.64
24.56

100
41
77

29
24
60
48

.269
.482
.483
.497

100
179
180
185

.269
1.480
.495
.517

48.5
52.4
50.4

49.7
143.7
48.3
46.1

13.34
23.38 120.97
25.31
23.93
23.85
25.05

96
27
63

3
6

.295
.516
.510
.513

.295
100
1.517
175
; .516
173
.535
174

48.5
52.5
50.4

47.9
145.1
47.9
43.5

14.13
25.03 i 23.34
26.78
24.74
23.26
25.86

93
28
65

2

23
25
29
30

43
47
100
56

.334
.593
.547
.568

27
24
28
36

72
72
128
104

20
19
25
28
17
15
21
23
15
22
27
33

37
43
83
62

15.7
5.7
5.9
*5.9
5.7
5.7

59
26

6
6

8
6
12

39
23

11
2

9
3
7

48
29

12
7

3
5
3

51
16

7
3

4

53
17

17
10

4

71
26

3

2
1
5

4

5

INDUSTRY

49.1
49.6
51.4

PACKING

15.7
5.6
5.5

259 $0,397
1921 .804
.............
161
.722
209
.706
286

MEAT

......... .............. ............................... ....
1921
1923
.............. ................................. ........
1925
_____ _______________________
Shoulder trimmers:
1917
_____________________ _
1921
.............. ................. ............................
1923..................................................................
1925 .................................................................
Shoulder boners:
1917
............................................... _
1921 .................................................................
1923 ........... ...................................- ................
1925 .................................................................
Butt pullers:
1917
_ .
.....................................
1921 _ .........................................................
1923...............................................................
1925
..........................- ................
Scribe sawyers:
1917
- 1921
........................... ...................
1923 _ .............................................................
1925...................................................................

100 $0,367
203
1.794
182
.704
.691
178

52
26
32
67

Over
60

AD
N

Ham boners:
_______________________________
1917
................ ...........................
1923
............................................
1925 .................................................................
Choppers-off, shoulders, and choppers, ribs:




Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic Aver­
age
age
age
hours
earn­ number or regu­ actually
of days lar full­
ings worked time worked
per
hour in one hours in one
week
week
per
week

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and year

Num­ Num­
ber of
estab­ ber of
em­
Index
lish­
Aver­
ments ployees age numbers
rate 1917=100

Loin pull*ers:
1917.
1917-.
1921.
1923.
1925.

22
27
28
34

55
60
101
96

.323
.542
. 547 i
.550

100>
168
169
170

.321
1.551!
.556
.572 :

15.7
5.8
5.8

49.6
51.6
50.0

51.4
144.5
49.6
46.6

16.53
26.88 124.53
27.59
28.23
26.65
27.50

83
31
69

5

1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925,-..............................................................

27
25
30
35

119
86
132
104

.318
.555
.547
.558

100
175
172
175

.320
l. 559
.557
.558

i 5.6
5.7
5.7

48.2
51.4
49.8

50.8
141.9
48.9
42.7

16.26
26.75 123.44
27.21
28.12
24.35
27.79

98
44
73

1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................

41
29
32
57

368 ;
362
700
701

.290
.529
.528
.522

100
182
182
180

.292
1.530
.537
.533

15.6
5.7
5.6

49.0
52.5
50.2

14.71
50.4
141.8 ” 25.92’ 1 22.15
27.72
26.20
48.8
23.43
44.0
26.20

1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923........ ........................................................:
1925..................................................................

34
15
23
46

328
180
310
334

.318
.611
.596
.590

100
192
187
186

.316
.601
.588
.622

5.8
5.8
5.7

48.0
51.3
50.9

1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923................ ....................... .........................
1925..................................................................

36
28
29
45

100
144
146
219

.309
.519
.540
.555

100
168
175
180

.310
1.525
.555
.566

15.9
5.9
5.9

1917...................................... ...........................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................

48
28
29
62

721
340
595
977

.251
.457
.447
.447

100
182
178
178

.253
1.458
.464
.457

1917.................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925..................................................................

33
25
31
44

434
257
727
571

.235
.443
.427
.426

100
189
382
181

61
31
35
76

4,461
2,810
4,989
5,290

.271
.513
.492
.492

100
189
182
182

Bibbers:

Trifnmers and bam and shoulder skinners:

Utility men, handy men, all-round men, assist­
ant foremen, and straw bosses:

Total, males:
1917_____
1921_
1923.
1925.

1
2
1

46
20

6
3

1
2
3

90
30
68

3
1
1

54
22

12
3

8
4
5

16.14
26.77
28.35
30.05

100
4$
59

5
1

48
30

1
2

(2
)
7

48.5
52.7
50.5

18.24
58.8
146.9 "25." 17* 124.59
54.1
28.46
30.01
28.64
28.03
50.6

95
23
64

1
5
1

57
26

14
2

4
1
6

15.7
5.7
5.7

48.5
52.5
51.8

54.0
145.3
52.9
49.9

13.65
22.16 120.74
23.47
24.54
23.15
22.80

94
33
51

3
5
5

38
24

16
4

3
8
16

.234
1.450
.443
.435

15.5
5.4
5.6

49.1
52.7
50.9

49.6
i 43.3
5Q.4
46.4

11.62
"21.75” 1 19.50
22.33
22.50
20.15
21.68

88
31
58

4
1
1

52
29

7
5

7
9
6

.271
i. 516
.503
.503

i 5.6
5.6
5.7

48.9
52.1
50.8

51.7
144.1
49.4
46.6

13.98
25.09 1 22.76
25.63
24.84
24.99
23.43

91
34
60

2
2
2

50
27

10
4

7
4
7

51.0
44.5
48.2
48.3

29.33
30.57
30.03

1

(*)

SUMMARY

Truckers:

12
2
2

AD
N

Packers, nailers, car stowers, and small-order
men:

11
4

INTRODUCTION

Trimmers of trimmings:

56
25

>Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.
* Less than 1 per cent.




&

T a b le 1 .— AV E R AG E HOURS A N D EARN INGS A N D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR FULL-TIM E HOURS PER W EE K , 1917, 1921, 1923, A N D 1925, BY

D E P A R T M E N T, SEX, OCCUPATION, AND Y E A R —Continued
Cutting or fresh-pork department—Continued

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
actual
time
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

Over
60

SLAUGHTERING

Aver­
Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic
age
age
Num­ Num­
age number or regu­ hours
ber of
earn­ of days lar full­ actually
estab­ ber o!
ings worked time worked
em­
Index
lish­ ployees Aver­
per
age numbers hour in one hours in one
ments
week
week
per
rate 1917=100
week
Wages per hour

FEMALES

$0,219
.405
.481
.425

8
10
11
16

39
75
54
69

.182
.372
.343
.347

38
23
25
43

1,066
655
731
887

.217
.402
.470
.419

100 $0,219
185 1.410
.483
220
194
.430

i 5.6
5.5
5.5

48.7
53.0
50.1

41.1
141.4
45.3
42.7

$9.01
$19.72" 116.97
21.89
25.49
18.39
21.29

100
204
188
191

.181
.877
.350
.851

0.6
5.5
5.6

48.2
54.0
50.9

48.8
41.8
46.0
46.5

100
185
217
193

.218
l .406
.473
.424

15.6
5.5
5.5

48.7
53.1
60.2

41.3
141.5
45.4
43.0

9.00
19.58 U6.83
21.46
24.96
21.03
18.23

17.93
18.52
17.66

1

12
55
24

11
4

8
4

6
6

4
63
43

11
8

11

89
24
63

2
3

11
55
25

11
4

8
3

1
00

69
31

2
1

1
2
3

89
42
55

2

47
32

4
3

9
7
6

INDtTSTBY

1
3

98
25
65

8.84
16.78
16.12
16.34

88
25
65
96
9
48

1

PACKING

___________
____ ____ _____________

1,027
580
677
818

MEAT

Total, females:
1917
1921
1923
1925

35
23
24
44

AD
N

Trimmers of trimmings:
1917
1921
1923
- 1925
—______ ________
Miscellaneous workers:1
3
1917
1921
1923
_________________
1925...............- __ - _____ - .............*...............

Lard and oleo-oil department
MALES

Laborers:
1917
1921
1923
_
____
1925
M elters:1
3
1917
1921
1923
_
____
1925...................................................................




51
32
34
70

947
820
955
1,039

$0,225
.447
.423
.422

49
32
34
74

140
161
202
401

.277
.482
.484
.485

100 $0,226
199 1.451
.430
188
.431
188

15.7
5.7
5.6

48.2
52.5
60.3

53.4
145.3
48.7
47.6

$12.41
$21.55 120.43
20.91
22.21
20.49
21.23

.278
1.490
.489
.493

15.9
5.9
5.9

49.8
51.9
51.1

63.1
150.0
53.6
53.7

17.53
24.00 124.59
26.24
25.12
26.43
24.78

100
174
175
175

0

2

1

1

26
30
42
77

.263
.487
.469
.479

100
185
178
182

.263
i .485
483
.492

16.0
5.8
5.9

49.8
52.2
50.3

60.5
150.8
53.1
53.3

15.91
24.25 124.64
25.62
24.48
26.22
24.09

50
30
37
75

271
220
315
424

.241
.461
.441
.447

100
191
183
185

.241
i .463
.449
.460

15.8
5.7
5.7

48.9
51.9
50.5

57.4
146.7
51.2
48.6

13.82
22.54 121.63
22.89
22.97
22.32
22.57

34
27
28
50

84
107
124
148

.277
.482
.473
.493

100
174
171
178

.279
1.483
.485
.503

15.9
5.9
5.9

48.2
52.7
50.1

62.2
147.7
53.4
53.0

17.36
23.23 123.07
25.90
24.93
26.62
24.70

43
20
31
57

111
49
83
143

.291
.538
.527
.531

100
185
181
182

.295
1.543
.534
.531

15.9
6.0
6.0

48.2
52.0
50.7

56.5
148.1
52.3
53.1

16.70
25.93 126.15
27.94
27.40
26.92
28.20

29
25
26
56

148
174
198
329

.252
.474
.454
.461

100
188
180
183

.252
.477
.464
.473

5.6
5.6
5.7

48.2
52.6
50.1

52.9
45.0
48.9
49.8

61
33
37
83

1,727
1.561
1,919
2.561

.243
.462
.444
.453

100
190
183
186

.246
i .466
.452
.463

1 5.7
5.7
5.7

48.5
52.3
50.4

55.4
146.3
50.3
49.8

19
18
26
42

90
107
219
255

.161
.312
.304
.305

100
194
189
189

.160
.314
.308
.314

5.7
5.5
5.5

48.8
52.3
49.4

50.6
43.6
46.5
44.6

3
3*

52
25

2
4

13
7
4

91
38
62

2
1
3

54
24

3
5

7
3
6

99
24
70

1
3

70
20

2
x

1
2
6

99
34
59

4
1

58
29

3

2

1
2

13.34
21.47
22.68
23.52

97
23
66

2
2
2

72
28

4
3

I
I
2

13.60
22.41 121.58
22.71
23.22
22.83
23.06

(2
)

96
29
63

1
1
1

64
29

3
2

3
3
4

1

14
57
20

3

(*)

86
33
78

22.85
23.88
23! 10

1

1

g

FEMALES

Can washers, tub liners, fillers, and labelers:
1917...................................................................
1921...................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925...................................................................

15.23
15.90
15.07

8.09
13.70
14.29
14.02

0

1

1

5
1

1
(2
)

SUMMARY

83
38
66

AD
N

Total, males:
1917.........................................................
1921.........................................................
1923.........................................................
1925.........................................................

21
21
28
53

INTRODUCTION

Roller men:
1917.........................................................
1921............................................................
1923..........................................................
1925.........................................................
Fillers:
1917............................................................
1921...................................................................
1923...................................................................
1925.....................................................
Pumpers and refiners:
1917..................................................
1921...................................................................
1923................................................
1925.....................................................
Utility men, handy men, straw bosses, and
assistant foremen:
19i7..........................................................
1921...................................................................
1923.....................................................
1925.......................... ................................
Pressmen or wheelmen:
1917...................................................................
1921...... ...........................................................
1923.....................................................
1925...................................................................

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.
3 Less than 1 per cent.
w Includes packers, inspectors, wrappers, helpers, skin bundlers, labelers, graders, etc.
is includes kettlemen, cooks, settlers, clarifiers, skimmers, tankmen, and oleo makers.




cO
«<r

T a b l e 1 .— A V E R AG E HOURS A N D E ARN IN G S A N D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR R E G U LAR FULL-TIM E HOURS PE R W EE K , 1917, 1921, 1923, AND 1925, BY

tO

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, AND Y E A R —Continued

00

Sausage department
Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

MALES

139
305
481
300

$0,229
.449
.422
.415

100
196
184
181

$0,229
1.452
.424
.421

15.7
5.6
5.7

48.1
52.7
50.6

51.4
145.3
47.1
49.5

$11.78
$21.60 120.49
19.98
22.24
20.84
21.00

55
31
35
75

253
193
329
418

.277
.496
.490
.492

100
179
177
178

.275
1.501
.499
.510

15.9
5.8
5.8

48.6
52.6
50.5

56.4
147.8
50.8
52.6

15.54
24.11 123.97
25.77
25.35
24.85

31
19
22
32

107
36
75
107

.241
.461
.451
.441

100
191
187
183

.241
l .469
.457
.450

16.0
5.8
5.9

48.3
51.3
49.5

55.3
147.5
52.1
51.4

13.35
22.27 122.27
23.82
23.14
23.10
21.83

57
31
36
74

444
225
316
406

.298
.535
.532
.543

100
180
179
182

.295
1.536
.541
.566

i 5.8
5.7
5.8

48.8
52.6
50.8

51.7
146.0
49.3
50.7

15.23
26.11 i 24.69
26.67
27.98
28.74
27.58

13
6
17
25

103
45
138
172

.248
.460
.458
.461

100
185
185
186

.250
.475
.465
.467

5.9
5.7
5.8

48.0
52.4
51.2

49.7
49.7
51.0
51.2

22.08
24.00
23.60

12.41
23.57
23.70
23.91

100

5
2
9
14

10
2
23
20

.247
.523
.438
.424

100
212
177
172

.259
.597
.434
.428

4.5
5.9
6.1

48.0
52.2
49.5

50.0
36.0
48.8
52.7

25.10

12.92
18.09
21.18
22.52

100

(2
)

16

30
52

30
75

INDUSTRY

(2
)
3
4

PACKING

20.99

Over
60

MEAT




19
24
24
46

22.86

60

AD
N

Truckers and forkers:
1917..................................................................
1921...................................................................
1923...................................................................
1925 .................................................................
Machine tenders: n
1917..................................................................
1921...................................................................
1923...................................................................
1925...................................................................
Casing workers: n
1917...................................................................
1921.......................................................... *___
1923...................................................................
1925...................................................................
Stuffers:
1917...................................................................
1921.......................... .......................................
1923...................................................................
.1925 .......................................- .....................
Linkers, twisters, tiers, and hangers:
1917...................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923...................................................................
1925.................. ...............................................
Ropers (wrappers and tiers):
1917...................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923...................................................................
1925...................................................................

Over
54
and
under

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­
Wages per hour
Aver- Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic Aver­
Num­ Num­
age
age
age
age number or regu­ hours
actual
ber of
earn­ of days lar full­ actually time
earn­
estab­ ber of
em­
ings worked time worked rate of ings in
Index
lish­
Aver­
per
one
ments ployees age numbers hour in one hours in one
per
week
week
rate 1917=100
week
per
week
week

.228
.448
.422
.417

100
196
185
183

.228
1.449
.428
.425

15.6
5.6
5.7

48.2
52.4
50.2

57.0
144.7
48.1
49.7

13.03
21.59 120.06
22.11
20.62
20.93
21.12

48
30
33
65

119
99
139
168

.270
.479
.474
.491

100
177
176
182

.269
1.484
.485
.499

15.7
5.9
5.9

49.0
52.2
50.8

60.2
148.8
52.0
53.7

16.19
23.47 123.61
24.74
25.19
24.94
26.79

50
28
33
68

90
73
114
170

.282
.508
.507
.505

100
180
180
179

.281
i .528
.529
.517

16.0
6.0
6.0

48.9
52.8
51.2

62.9
150.7
54.0
55.5

17.68
24.84 126.77
26.77
28 59
2 .*74
8
25.86

43
29
33
65

376
251
328
418

.232
.461
.447
.445

100
199
193
192

.238
i .466
.453
.454

i 5.8
5.9
5.8

48.4
52.9
50.5

54.7
i 45.9
49.8
50.1

36
24
21
55

108
82
71
166

.291
.523
.419
.529

100
180
144
182

.290
1.529
.581
.534

i 5.7
5.9
5.9

48.4
52.3
50.5

58
32
37
78

2,771
1,839
2,791
3,334

.252
.474
.454
.462

100
188
180
183

.252
1.478
.466
.474

15.8
5.7
5.8

2
2
6
18

3
3
8
22

.173
.360
.323
.341

100
208
187
197

.177
.360
.330
.350

32
21
27

317
142

.175
.364

353

.3 3 9

57

360

.3 3 4

100
208
194
191

.175
i .366
.341
.348

2
I

1

2
2

94
29
67

62
23

4
2

I
3
g
8
6
9

91
37
61

50
20

5

5

2

88
25
55

3
4
5

61
26

4
3

12.99
22.31 121.40
23.65
22.56
22.47
22.71

2

96
23
67

1

69
18

4
4

4
4
9

60.8
146.9
52.1
52.7

17.60
25.32 1 24.78
21.91
30.22
26.71
28.14

1

93
28
65

2

72
19

4

8

48.4
52.5
50.5

55.6
46.2
49.4
51.0

14.00
22.94 122.09
23.84
23.02
24.18
23.33

2

95
28
63

x
2
3

63
22

4
3

3
4
g

6.0
4.8
5.9

46.0
53.4
49.5

40.4
44.0
36.3
50.0

5

33
13
55

18

75
23

15.7
5.5
5.7

48.6
52.8
49.9

1

90

3

21

2

62

3

1

3

2

1

1

0)

4

1

7
6

6

2

5

w

FEMALES
Machine tenders: 1
4
1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925...................................................................
Casing workers: 1
5
1917...................................................................
1921...................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925...................................................................

’ 16.56'
17.25
16.88

7.17
15.84
12.00
17.52

50.7
8.85
143.5 ' ’ 17.69" 115.93
44.6
15.23
17.90
46.0
16.67
16.02

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.
* Less than 1 per cent.
u Includes cutters, choppers, grinders, mixers,-curers, and feeders.
1 Includes washers, turners, re-turners, measurers, cutters, tiers, and fatters.
1
1 Includes roustabouts, ham cylinder washers, ham pressers, hangers, cooks’ helpers, smokers' helpers, truckers of cages or bikes.
8




67

4

13

4

71
28

3

2
3

3

1

______

SUMMARY

Total, males:
1917..................................................
1921.......................................................
1923................ .....................................
1925.............................................

1,022
528
777
989

AD
N

1917.........................................................
1921............................................................
1923..................................................... .........
1925..................................................... .
Utility men, assistant foremen, straw bosses,
subforemen handymen, small-order men, and
all-round men:
1917.....................................................
1921..........................................................
1923...............................................................
1 925.....................................................

52
32
33
72

INTRODUCTION

2059°— 27--------------3

Laborers: 1
8
1917...................................................................
1921...................................................................
1923...................................................................
1925...*...........................................................
Cooks:
1917..............................................................
1921...............................................................
1923...............................................................
1925..........................................................
Smokers:
1917............................................................
1921....................................................
1923.......................................................
1925.................................... ...................
Inspectors, packers, scalers, shippers, and

T a b l e 1.—AV E RAG E HOURS A N D EARN ING S A N D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR R E G U L A R FULL-TIM E HOURS PER W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, A N D 1925, BY

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, AN D Y E A R —Continued

CO
O

Sausage departm ent—Continued

Sex, occupation, and year

$10.24
18.14
21.89
18.12

8

$0,200
.400
.397
.367

100
200
199
184

$0.191
.402
.405
.379

5.8
5.8
5.8

49.4
c3.0
51.7

53.6
45.1
54.0
47.8

42
28
34
75

719
379
821
1,105

.181
.378
.355
.362

100
209
196
200

.179
1.378
.359
.372

15.7
5.5
5.6

49.4
52.4
49.9

46.4
143.3
45.2
46.6

10
8
17
29

137
123
253
183

. 162
.385
.383
.344

100
238
236
212

.163
.388
.364
.352

5.6
5.6
5.7

48.0
53.1
49.9

50.0
44.3
45.5
45.2

18.48
20.34
17.17

8.14
17.20
16.57
15.91

1
2
2
3

2
3
3
3

.200
.325
.345
.417

100
163
173
209

.200
.325
.353
.412

5.7
5.0
6.0

48.0
56.0
52.0

52.9
46.2
41.5
56.7

15.60
19.21
21.68

10.58
14.99
14. 64
23.36

39
25
28
56

421
259
398
616

.158
.328
.304
.313

100
208
192
198

.158
1.329
.308
.319

15.7
5.6
5.7

48.1
52.5
49.4

50.1
143.9
43.8
47.2

7.90
15.78 114.46
15.96
13.47
15.46
15.06

22
24
26
38

134
102
276
170

.167
.337
.335
.316

100
202
201
189

.170
1.339
.336
.329

15.7
5.6
5.8

48.0
52.0
49.2

48.3
143.9
45.5
46.3

8.20
15.14 i 14. 85
15. 31
17.42
15. 23
15. 55

$19.76"
21.04
18.97

8.31
18.67 116.38
16.21
18.60
17.34
18.06

3
3

2
10
3

2
2
4

4
52
22

6
7

10
7
1

(2
)
1

85
30

(2
)
2

81
33
62

100

(2
)
1

97
35
79

33

67
67

33
97
32
77

60

8

12

lo o

1

Over
54
and
under
60

10
64
49

76
26
31

14
68

54

1
(2
)

1

1
2

Over
60

1
56
18

7
4

6
(2
)

1
62
18

2

2
1

INDUSTRY

44
42
50
61

Over
48
and
under
54

PACKING

10
8
7
18

48

MEAT




Un­
der
48

AD
N

f e m a l e s — continued
Staffers:
1917
___
1921 _
.
1923 ......
................
................
1925......
Linkers, twisters, tiers, and hangers:
1917
1921......
................................................
1923
___
1925 .
..........................
Ropers (wrappers and tiers):
1917
1921
1923
1925. .
.......
Cooks:
1917
1921
1923
1925 . .
.....................
Packers: w
1917
1921
.......................
1923......
1925......
......................
General workers: 1
8
1917
1921
1923
...................
1925...................................................................

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
actual
time
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

SLAUGHTERING

Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic Aver­
age
age
Num­ Num­
age number or regu­ hours
ber of ber of
earn­ of days lar full­ actually
estab­ em­
ings worked time worked
Index
Aver­
lish­
per
numbers
in one hours in one
ments ployees age
week
week
rate 1917=100 hour
per
week
Wages per hour

Total, females:
1917............
1921............
1923............
1925............

48
30
35
75

1,777
1,053
2,162
2,520

.172
.361
.344
.342

100
210
200
199

.171
1.363
.346
.851

15.7
5.5
5.7

48.7
143.7
45.1
46.6

17.53
18.09
17.03

8.33
1 15.86
15.69
16.38

47.0
52.5
60.8

60.6
147.2
51.6
48.1

$22.70
24.99
24.33

48.5
51.7
50.4

53.4
144.9
48.5
46.9

48.7
52.6
49.8

2
2

90
29
66

2
1
3

$16.67
122.97
25.08
23.83

(*)
1

A )’

97
31
59

21.44
21.61
21.42

12.62
1 20.10
20.68
20.49

95
41
64

(2
)

1

22.50
23.64
22.64

14.58
1 21.62
22.99
22.58

3
61
23

4
5

4
6
1

56
31

g

2
4
7

52
25

3
2

4
3
6

59
19

6
3

6
2
7

Cured-meat department

$0,275
.483
.476
.479

100
176
173
174

$0,275
i .487
.486
.495

57
33
36
78

2,497
1,606
2,037
2,322

.236
.442
.418
.425

100
187
177
180

.236
1.448
.426
.437

55
31
36
70

705
484
810
988

.256
.461
.452
.451

100
180
177
176

.258
i .465
.460
.467

1 5.8
6.7
5.8

48.8
52.3
50.2

66.6
146.3
50.0
48.3

45
29
35
70

465
370
678
744

.265
.478
.471
.472

100
180
178
178

.265
i .482
.481
.487

1 5.6
5.7
6.8

48.4
52.9
50.8

58.2
145.3
51.3
47.7

23.14
24.92
23.98

15.42
1 21.79
24. 67
23. 23

55
32
37
77

419
270
428
560

.286
.482
.475
.480

100
169
166
168

.274
1.485
.487
.496

1 5.9
5.8
5.8

48.5
52.7
61.2

58.1
147.7
52.5
48.6

23.38
25.03
24.58

15.91
1 23.10
25.57
24.11

15.9
5.8
5.8
1 5.6
6.6
5.7

(2
)

1

(*>
1
1
1
1
1

1

I

I

92
30
68

I

95
24
61

1
2

65
22

6
4

1
2
2

58
33

7
8

\J

4
4
9

94
27
64

(2
)

4
6
9

I

1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.
2 Less than 1 per cent.
1 Includes wrappers, inspectors, taggers, tiers, and packers’ helpers.
7
m Includes labelers, laborers, box makers, sorters, and utility women.
w Includes sorters, sizers, average men, spotters, inspectors, and chute men.
2 Includes graders' helpers, pickle-makers’ helpers, inspectors’ helpers, sorters’ helpers, pumpers’ helpers, ham passers, meat passers, passers to pumpers, passers to salters, passers
0
to packers, takers from pumpers, haulers to vats, meat carriers, meat tossers, meat wipers, meat hangers, meat scrapers, meat stringers, bacon stringers, ham stringers, sewers, tiers,
meat soakers, meat washers, roustabouts, vat washers, truck washers, and general workers.
2 Includes packers of beef, barrel pork, bellies, briskets, pig rinds, and smoked meat; dippers, vat men, sweet-pickle packers, burlap sackers, wrappers, car loaders, and car
1
stowers.
Includes pickle men, pickle makers, pumpers, and curers.




SUMMARY

509
372
569
736

AD
N

47
32
35
66

INTRODUCTION

MALES
Oraders:i®
1917.........................................................................
1921.........................................................................
1923.........................................................................
1925.........................................................................
Laborers: 2
0
1917.........................................................................
1921....................... .................................................
1923.......................................................................
1925.........................................................................
Packers:«
1917.........................................................................
1921.........................................................................
1923.........................................................................
3925.........................................................................
Overhaulers:
1917........................................... .......................... .
1921.........................................................................
1923..................................................................... ...
1925.......................................................................
Picklers: 2
2
1917.........................................................................
1921....................................- ...................................
1923.........................................................................
1925. *........................................................ ...

CO

T a b le 1 .— A V E R AG E HOURS A N D E ARN IN G S A N D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR R EGU LAR FULL-TIM E HOURS PE R W EE K , 1917, 1921, 1923, A N D 1925. BY

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, A N D Y E A R —Continued

03

fcO

Cured-meat department—
Continued

m ales—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under

60

Over

continued
100 $0,258
181
1.469
.465
179
181
.479

1917..........................................................
1921..........................................................
1923..........................................................
1925..........................................................

84
61
70
146

.261
.510
.484
.482

100

1917..........................................................
1021..........................................................
1923..........................................................
1925..........................................................

231
182
188
305

.271
.540
.493
.507

1917..........................................................
1921..........................................................
1923..........................................................
1925..........................................................

1,003
726
1,454
883

.234
.444
.424
.419

415
171
216
367

.514
.516
.527

6,941
4,516
6,794
7,463

.252
.463
.445
.454

Smokers:

Butchers, trimmers, and knife men:

Truckers:

Utility men, assistant butchers, straw
assistant foremen, and small-order men
1917.............................................................
1921.............................................................
1923.............................................................
1925............................................................

Total, males:
1917..................................................
1921..................................................
1923..................................................
1925..................................................

58

15.8
5.7
5.7

48.7
51.4
50.5

56.7
145.8
49.3
46.9

$14.62
$22.65 i 21.51
22.91
23.59
22.46
23.43

195
185
185

1.476
.479

15.6
6.1
6.1

54.5
57.0
56.8

70.7
154.6
57.6
59.7

18.33
27.80 125.97
27.62
27.59
27.38
28.97

100

.272
1.537
.510
.517

15.8
5.8
5.8

48.4
52.4
50.6

58.7
146.5
51.8
47.2

15.99
26.14 124.96
26.38
25.83
24.42
25.65

.246
1.449
.431
.430

15.5
5.5
5.5

48.2
52.1
50.4

49.9
143.6
48.5
45.6

12.26
21.40 119.58
20.92
22.09
21.12
19.61

175
176
180

.287
i. 519
.527
.538

15.9
5.9
5.9

48.0
52.0
51.4

58.0
147.6
52.3
50.4

16.64
24.67 i 24.67
27.54
26.83
27.09
27.11

100
184
177
180

.253
1.467
.454
.467

15.7
5.7
5.7

48.4
52.1
50.7

55.6
145.6
49.8
47.7

14.05
22.41 i 21.31
23'. 18 22.62
23.02
22.30

199
182
187
100

190
181
179
100

62

16
19
25

33
(2
)

1

(2
)
5
2

(J
)

(2
)

INDUSTRY

1.257
.465
.459
.464

PACKING

613
374
444
412

MEAT

1917.........................................................
1921.........................................................
1923..........................................................
1925..........................................................

AD
N

Rubbers, salters, and pilers:




Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­
Wages per hour
Aver­ Aver­
age
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic Aver­
Num­ Num­
age
age
age
age
ber of ber of
actual
hours
earn­ number or regu­ actually time
earn­
of days lar full­
estab­ em­
ings worked time worked rate of ings in
lish­
Index
Aver­
per
numbers hour in one hours in one
one
ments ployees age
per
week
per
week
week
rate 1917=100
week
week

FEMALES

Miscellaneous workers: 2
8
1917....................................
1921....................................
1923....................................
1926....................................

40
25
27
57

286
218
281
647

.171
.320
.315
.319

100
187
184
187

.172
.325
.319
.335

5.6
5.5
5.7

48.4
51.7
49.6

48.5
42.4
43.2
45.0

15.49
16.29
15.82

8.33
13.79
13.81
15.05

$22.46
23.87
21.84

$17.29
23.21
26.06
26.31

29

22.89
23.96
21.97

16.60
23.23
23.87
25.78

43

i

93
48
72

3
2

4
41
21

2
3

9
(*)

Canning department
Cooks:

MALES

Steam tenders, process men, and retort men:
1917.........................................................................
1921.......................................................................
1923.........................................................................
1925........................................................................

Passers and pilers, cans:

Trimmers, meat (by hand):

Machine tenders (preparing and stuffing meat
into cans):
1917.........................................................................
1921.........................................................................
1923.........................................................................
1925................................ .......................................

Stuffers (meat into cans by hand):
1917................... ....................................................
1921.........................................................................

1925......................
Packers and nailers:
1917......................
1921......................
1923......................
1925......................

100 $0,255
183
.476
176
.477
175
.449

5.7
5.8
6.0

48.3
53.4
49.2

11
4
6
9

50
7
33
25

.256
.483
.447
.453

100
189
175
177

.256
.485
.464
.468

5.7
5.5
5.8

47.4
53.6
48.5

64.8
47.9
51.4
55.1

7
1
5
8

68
1
133
40

.227
.450
.439
.432

100
193
190

.229
.450
.442
.467

6.0
5.6
5.6

48.0
53.9
47.5

54.3
48.0
48.6
47.0

4
8
4
5

43
15
28
8

.247
.441
.459
.438

100
179
186
177

.246
.442
.458
.462

6.0
5.9
5.3

47.8
50.6
49.1

11
9
16
27

99
35
79
112

.247
.478
.442
.454

100
194
179
184

.247
.482
.467
.476

5.9
5.6
5.7

6
3
6
7

100
6
42
19

.234
.458
.437
.464

100
196
187
198

.237
.461
.446
.473

5.7
5.3
5.3

.244
100
190
.465
5.9
.431
173
5.7
5.4
179
.467
1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.
I Less than 1 per cent.
II Includes wrappers, labelers, laborers, packers, sewers (hand or machine), bag makers, weighers,




9
8
11
13

190
33
92
74

.245
.466
.425
.439

67.7
48.8
54.6

57
10
70

1

43
6
48

14

32

21.60
23.66
20.52

12.41
21.60
21.52
21.92

53

100
2
30

97
18

65.2
48.1
50.1
45.8

21.08
23.23
21.51

16.06
21.27
22.98
21.14

13

93
71
63

14
25

48.1
53.1
49.2

61.8
46.7
52.7
48.8

22.99
23.47
22.34

15.24
22.51
24.61
23.21

21

97
16
50

48.0
53.9
50.2

51«1
45.9
45.4
46.2

21.19
23.55
23.29

21.86

11

100
12
58

79
21

47.6
53.2
48.7

59.1
45.7
49.0
45.5

22.48
22.61
21.38

14.45
21.27
21.12
21.24

41

73
15
28

18
30

12.12
21.15
20.22

10

7

24

tiers, wipers, baggers, and trimmers.

3
1

1

90
15

5

94
16

4

80
22

1

SUMMARY

1917.........................................................................
1921........................................................................
1923........................................................................
1925.......................................................................

42 $0,254
14
.465
31
.447
.444
20

AD
N

1917........................................................................
1921........................................................................
1923.........................................................................
1925.........................................................................

11
8
6
9

INTRODUCTION

1917.........................................................................
1921.........................................................................
1923.........................................................................
1925.........................................................................

14

3
3

1
3

10
11

65

3
1
1

-----00
CO

T a b l e l . —AV E R AG E HOURS A N D EARN ING S AN D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REG U LAR FULL-TIM E HOURS PE R W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, AND 1925, BY

CO

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, AN D Y E A R —Continued
Canning department—Continued

m ales

Aver-

Aver­
age
full­
actual
time
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

—continued
177 $0.252
.476
33
.455
44
.457
69

100
189
181
181

$0,255
.477
.467
.466

5.8
5.5
5.7

47.5
52.6
49.7

64.2
45.5
51.3
49.7

$22.68
23.93
22.71

$13.81
36
21.73
24.00
23.16 ■"‘ i r

65
25
48

6

3
2
3

73
32

.271
.451
.438
.411

100
166
162
152

.268
.442
.447
.417

5.9
5.0
6.1

47.6
54.0
48.4

71.3
48.7
42.7
48.3

21.47
23.65
19.89

19.11
21.54
19.06
20.15

14

85

27

53

ioo
20

8
7
8
9

411
59
60
38

.237
.504
.474
.512

100
213
200
216

.238
.510
.485
.547

5.9
5.7
5.8

46.0
53.5
47.7

55.1
45.2
51.7
66.0

23.19
25. 36
24.42

13.15
23.17
25.10
30.69

64

35
10
18

88
24

2

58

10
7
6
8

257
29
128
63

.258
.482
.459
.460

100
187
178
178

.260
.486
.474
.491

6.0
5.6
5.7

47.6
54.0
47.2

58.2
47.8
50.2
49.3

22.94
24.79
21.71

15.10
23.26
23.80
24.18

41

52
2
29

95
10

7
2
3

9
12
14
13

154
70
428
238

.230
.449
.424
.426

100
195
184
185

.231
.450
.431
.447

5.9
5.5
5.5

47.3
53.4
47.6

56.4
46.3
48.2
46.5

21.24
22.64
20.18

13.02
20.85
20.76
20.78

26

9
13
9
13

1,530
97
226
196

.228
.442
.430
.427

100
194
189
187

.229
.443 "
.444
.443

5.T
5.1
5.7

45.T
53.7
49.6

57.5
44.3
47.1
50.8

20.10
23.84
21.18

13.16
19.63
20.90
22.52

31

59

45

32

73
12
39

1

62
5
27

5

87
15

95
41

(2
)

1
1
2
1

INDTJSTBY

9
7
6
15

PACKING

5
5
2
5

MEAT




12
11
8
16

AD
N

Cappers:
1917
...................
1921
............ .
1923
...............
1925
...............
Machine tenders, washing and painting:
1917
1921
1923
_
_
1925
General workers:
1917
1921
1923
1925
„ _
_
Inspectors:
1917
1921
................... 1923
____
1925
...................
Truckers:
1917
1921
1923
.........................
1925
.
......................
Laborers:
1917
1921
_________________
1923
___
1925_
_
______________________________

Over
60

SLATJGHTEEING

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­
Wages per hour
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic Aver­
Num­
age
age
age number or regu­ hours
Num­
ber of ber of
earn­ of days lar full­ actually
estab­ em­
ings worked time worked
Index
Aver­
lish­
per
numbers
in one hours in one
ments ployees age
week
per
week
rate 1917*100 hour
week

Total, males:
1917________________________
1921........................................
1923________________________"I
1925__________________________

14
17
20
84

3,130
406
1,328
917

.236
.465
.437
.441

100
197
185
187

.237
.467
.448
.462

5.9
5.5
5.6

47.4
53.3
48.6

57.3
45.9
49.0
49.0

22.04
23.29
21.43

13.61
21.45
21.94
22.66

1917__________________
1921__________________ ‘ "
1923____________________
1925____________________________ I .I I I I I I I I I

5
4
2

38
11
24
9

.182
.286
.304
.340

100
157
167
187

.182
.290
.313
.338

4.9
5.4
5.2

48.0
54.0
50.0

49.4
39.6
42.9
42.9

13.73
16.42
17.00

8.99
11.48
13.43
14.49

1917____________________
1921____________________
1923..........................................
1925________________________ I I I I I .I I I I I I I I I

9
3
5
5

219
12
135
90

.155
.322
.337
.300

100
208
217
194

.155
.320
.367
.335

5.8
5.2
5.5

48.0
54.1
46.3

47.6
44.2
42.9
43.1

15.46
18.23
13.89

7.37
14.16
15.77
14.42

69

1917................ ....................................................
1921...................................................
.............
1923..............................................
1925__________________________ IIIIIIIZIZIIZ]

7
5
5
6

244
45
115
61

.168
.324
.356
.323

100
193
212
192

.169
.327
.353
.381

5.3
5.7
5.4

48.4
53.2
47.3

50.9
42.4
46.9
42.5

15.68
18.94
15.28

8.59
13.86
16.57
16.19

48

1917......................................................
1921____________________________
1923____________________
_________
1925........................................IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII!

6

8
10

19
30
25
62

.167
.355
.313
.329

100
213
187
197

.167
.354
.314
.355

5.8
5.9
5.7

47.3
52.3
46.5

51.9
44.8
45.3
43.7

10779"* 15.86
16.37
15.30

14.22
15.52

1917______________________
1921________________________
1923_________________________
1925...................................................... Z-ZZZZZZZ!

7
6
3
6

283
28
91
62

.168
.377
.334
.306

100
224
199
182

.168
.385
.347
.811

5.8
5.6
5.5

48.3
54.0
51.2

51.5
45.1
47.3
44.8

18.21
18.04
15.67

1917__________________________
1921__________________________________ ZZZZZ'
1923_____________________________________
1925_______________________________________

9
13
15
31

233
202
228
387

.167
.338
.352
.326

100
202
211
195

.168
.337
.352
.337

5.7
5.6
5.5

47.0
51.8
49.3

50.0
44.0
44.1
42.6

1917____________________________ ___________
1921____________________ ____________
1923_______________________________________
1925_______________________________________

9
9
4
17

141
33
68
101

.169
.341
.324
.321

100
202
192
190

.170
.342
.364
.358

5.8
5.5
5.7

47.6
53.6
47.8

1917_______________________________________
1921_______________________________________
1923.................................................................
1925_______________________________________

4
2
4

88
2
54
11

.158
.328
.309
.275

100
208
196
174

.161
.375
.309
.301

6.0
5.2
5.5

48.0
54.1
47.2

31
36

64
11
37

3

_J !L

2
83
5
24 J 2
)

2
2 -------

FEMALES

Washers of empty cans:

::t :

Passers and pilers, cans:

Machine tenders (preparing and stuffing meat
into cans):

Weighers (filled cans):

Wipers (filled cans):

3Less than 1 per cent.




4

18

100
33

100
2
26

94
6

4

67
14
41 -------

18
86
11 -------

48

77
32
52

64

8.65
17.35
16.42
13.93

8

82

15.90
18.23
16.07

8.43
14.83
15.51
14.35

2

6

97
37
70

49.5
44.7
42.1
44.2

16.23
17.37
15.34

8.41
15.27
30
15.33
15.82 '""§9’

60
7
46

50.7
45.0
42.5
44.8

15.74
16.72
12.98

8.15
16.88
13.13
13.49

-------

8.65

23

10

6~ """37"

2

100
56

60
23

45

4
1

10
93
16

100
45

4

SUMMARY

Packers (sliced bacon and chipped driedbeef in
cans, glass jars, or cartons, by hand):

67

98
9

AD
N

Stuffers (meat into cans by hand):

a

100

INTEOBTJCTION

Trimmers, meat (by hand):

6

2

T a b l e 1.—AV E R AG E HOURS A N D E ARN IN G S A N D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR R E G U LAR FULL-TIM E HOURS PER W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, AND 1925, BY

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX OCCUPATION, AN D Y E A R —Continued

00
C&

Canning department—Continued

fem ales—

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

Over
60

6

continued
44 $0,161
5
.306
3
.283
7
.312

100 $0,162
.305
190
.283
176
.311
194

5.8
6.0
5.7

48.0
56.0
48.9

49.6
44.6
47.0
47.5

$14.69
15.85
15.26

$8.02
13.62
13.28
14.79

100

.172
.365
.328
.312

100
212
191
181

.172
.367
.365
.350

5.1
5.7
5.7

47.3
53.7
46.3

52.1
38.9
46.2
44.3

17.26
17.61
14.45

8.94
14.28
16.85
15.50

10
12
12
13

457
68
237
145

.197
.376
.360
.343

100
189
181
172

.200
.376
.3*2
.386

5.5
5.3
5.2

47.9
53.1
47.9

55.5
43.8
45.7
41.5

17.98
19.12
16.43

11.12
16.35
17.01
15.96

37

10
10
13
8

628
112
227
62

.163
.345
.307
.346

100
212
188
212

.164
.346
.315
.369

5.6
5.1
5.5

46.7
53.9
48.0

50.1
42.8
41.1
43.0

16.11
16.55
16.61

8.23
14.83
12.96
15.85

31

12
18
18
32

2,536
566
1,252
1,038

.171
.345
.337
.325

100
202
197
190

.173
.346
.349
.349

5.6
5.4
5.5

47.3
53.3
47.3

51.2
43.5
44.2
43.0

16.32
17.96
15.37

8.83
15.05
15.40
15.01

28

22
66
1

44

15

78
9
29

87
5

4

86
19
46

12

56
9
55

80
15
53

77
17

83
15

3
1

2
82
18

(*)

4

1

7

1

3

(2
)

INDUSTRY

142
18
45
41

PACKING

5
5
4
6

67
14

33

86

MEAT

Total, females:
1917 _
__________ ___________
1921_______________________________
1923 _
____
________________
1925_______________________________

5
3
2
4

AD
N

Cap setters:
1917____ ____________________________ ___
1921..................................................................
1923___________________ ______________
1925_____________________________________
Cappers:
1917___________________________________
1921____________________________________
1923___________________________________
1925_____________________________________
Laborers and wrappers:
1917
_______________________________ ,__
1921_____________________________________
1923 ____________________________________
1925
____________________________ __
_
General workers:
1917_____________________________________
1921
__________________________________
1923_____________________________________
1925_____________________________________




Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
actual
time
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

SLAUGHTEBING

Sex, occupation, and year

Aver­
Wages per hour
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic Aver­
Num­
age
age
age number or regu­ hours
ber Of Num­
earn­ of days lar full­ actually
estab­ ber of
ings worked time worked
em­
Index
lish­
Aver­
per
numbers
ments ployees age
in one hours in one
rate 1917=100 hour
week
week
per
week

Maintenance and repair department

Blacksmiths:

1917________________
1921________________
1923— _____________
1925________________

55
31
35
71

161
78
101
134

$0,348

.636
.644
.675

100 $0,355
183
1.640
15
-8
.645
194
.678

1917________________
1921________________
1923________________
1925_____ __________

16
13
13
22

125
44
91
102

.335
.668
.726
.742

100
199
217
221

1917________________
1921________________
1923_ — __ _____ _
_
1925_________ _______

40
25
28
36

115
50
61
103

.706
1.054
1.148
1.263

1917________________
1921_________ _______
1923_____ _
_
1925________________

62
33
37
81

1,345
600
693
914

.343
.640
.609
.632

100
187
178
184

.341
1.640
.617
.643

1917________________
1921________________
1923________________
1295________________

60
32
36
76

642
483
483
549

.326
.573
.579
.577

100
176
178
177

.324
1.574
.592
.587

1917 .............................
1921.............................
1923. .
1925.............................

56
31
35
73

288
218
277
323

.340
.650
.631
.637

100
191
186
187

.343
1.652
.842
.843

1917. ...........................
1921.............................
1923__.........................
1925............................

65
33
37
81

4,584
908
1,149
1,748

. 23$

.447
.430
.429

100
188
181
180

.232
1.449
.436
.438

1917.............................
1921............................
1923_...........................
1925-...........................

58
33
35
70 i

415
270
290
341

.365
.665
.669
.674

100
182
183
185

.366
1.667
.679
.678

1917.............................
1921.............................
1923... .
1825.............................

13
13

12
0

.286
.567
.642
.658

198
224
230

10
0

.292
.568
.642
.663

Boiler makers:

Bricklayers and masons:

Carpenters:

Coopers (repairers):

Electrical workers:

Laborers:

Machinists:

Machine hands:




1
2
2
1

117
77
105

15.9
5.8
5.9

48.7
50.0
49.5

57.4
147.0
48.2
49.4

.336
.673
.733
.745

5.8
5.7
5.8

48.0
51.4
47.7

59.9
46.1
48.2
47.0

100
.683
149 11.072
163
1.121
179
1.244

15.6
5.5
5.8

48.7
50.9
46.5

15.7
5.8
5.8
15.7
5.8
5.8

$20.38
1 30.13

31.06
33.51

9

94
67
65

1
4
7

23
11

4
1

20.09
31.06
35.32
35.01

100
45
69

5

48
5

7

22

46.1
142.2
42.2
44.2

31.44
51.33 145.22
58.43
47.32
58.73
54.97

57

94
56
30

2
5

28
6

11

48.5
50.4
48.5

54.7
145.3
47.8
47.8

18.69
31.04 128.94
30.69
29.48
30.65
30.74

16

95
63
67

2
1
6

25
8

8

48.2
51.8
50.3

55.9
145.3
50.4
48.2

18.12
27.62 1 25.98
29.99
29.85
29.02
28.30

95
39
64

2
1
9

54
19

3

3

<*>'

1

7

48.4
50.7
49.3

59.3
20.35
147.3 " 31. 46" 1 30.79
31.99
32.09
50.0
31.40
48.6
31.28

94
58
79

1
1
7

32
9

6
2

48.7
51.3
49.7

56.1
146.1
48.7
49.3

13.44
"2I.77’ 120.70
22.06
21.24
21.32
21.60

1

92
46
74

1
2
8

45
13

4

15.9
5.9
5.9

48.1
50.3
49.2

59.8
146.6
50.3
49.1

21.85
31.99 131.08
33.65
34.18
33.16
33.27

3

30
9

4

5.9
5.9
5.7

48.0
51.5
47.7

58.2
46.6
48.4
46.5

44

3

15.9
5.9
5.8
15.7
5.7
5.7

1Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.

$30.97

32.20
33.41
32.06
37.32
35.39

27.22
33.06
31.39

17.00
26.44
31.08
30.84

3

2
(2
)

1
0

94
64
82

10
0
53
8
8

5
2
7

6
2
3
(2
)

4

1

3Less than 1 per cent.

2
3
2

3

1

1
(2
)

3

3

3
5

2

5

1

2

1
3

1

(2
)

T a b le 1.—A V E R A G E HOURS A N D E ARN IN G S A N D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR FULL-TIM E HOURS PER W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, A ND 1925, B Y

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, AND Y E A R —Continued

00

00

Maintenance and repair department—Continued

Sex, occupation, and year

m ales—

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—

Un­
der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

Over
60

continued
100
174
168
177

$0,353
1.625
.634
.647

ilT
5.9
6.0

46.6~
50.5
49.2

62 3
$21.98
147! 7 ’ $28.'57" 129.’ 79
53.1
29.90 33.65
52.8
30.70
34.20

48
29
32
60

294
138
140
200

.279
.538
.549
.540

100
193
197
194

.297
1.537
.546
.541

15.6
5.8
5.6

48.7
51.0
49.1

55.5
144.3
46.1
45.7

15.50
26.20 123. 78
25.13
28.00
24.73
26.51

56
34
37
77

473
291
380
460

.353
.641
.644
.633

100
182
182
179

.352
1.655
.655
.643

15.9
5.7
5.8

48.4
51.5
49.5

59.7
147.6
47.1
48.8

21.02
31.02 131.13
30.87
33.17
31.33
31.39

55
31
31
68

796
446
440
575

.316
.615
.586
.648

100
195
185
205

.313
1.611
.590
.642

15.7
5.8
5.9

48.7
51.7
48.7

57.2
145.3
47.7
48.8

17.88
29.95 127.67
28.12
30.30
31.31
31.56

43
30
33
55

299
182
205
216

.326
.609
.634
.652

100
187
194
200

.327
.608
.640
.666

5.7
5.7
5.7

48.4
51.0
48.7

56.8
44.9
46.6
46.3

31
30
35
67

86
453
626
801

.288
.563
.545
.560

100
195
189
194

.291
1.564
.555
.573

15.8
5.8
5.9

48.4
51.5
49.0

61.2
146.6
49.9
50.3

29.48
32,33
31.75

18.58
27.32
29.83
30.87

17.83
27.25 126.28
27.72
28.07
27.44
28.80

1

2
7
2
(2
)
1
11
3
6
1
(2
)

95
60
80

1
4

32
13

6

4
2
2

88
54
71

9

34
10

9
1

5
3
3

93
43
77

2
1
6

48
12

6

3
2
4

90
43
71

3
(2
)
3

1
45
11

7
1

5
5
3

93
54
78

1
(2
)
5

38
8

5

3
2
3

97
45

2
(2
)
7

42
7

12

2
1

1

2

82

4

(2
)

INDUSTRY

$0,353
.613
.592
.624

PACKING

304
288
390
410

MEAT

34
29
33
56

AD
N

Millwrights:
1917 — ___ —
1921...................................................................
1923 ............................................................. .
1925...................................................................
Painters:
1917...................................................................
1921 ..................................................................
1923-................................................................
1925..................................................................
Plumbers and pipe fitters:
1917.......................................................... ........
1921 —
...........
1923__...............................................................
1925..................................................................
Repairers: M
1917...................................................................
1921 .........................
............................
1923 ..................................................................
1025-_.....................
.............................
Tinners:
1917........ - ........................................................
1821—...............................................................
1923 ..................................................................
1925_.............................
........................
Other skilled occupations: 2
8
1917..................................................................
1921..................................................................
1923..................................................................
1925_____________________________________




Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
time actual
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

SLAUGHTERING

Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic Aver­
age
age
Num­
age number or regu­ hours
ber of ber of
earn­ of days lar full­ actually
estab­ em­
ings
Aver­
Index
lish­
worked time worked
per
numbers
ments ployees age
in one hours in one
rate 1917=100 hour
week
per
week
week
Wages per hour

(2
)

126
57
78
91

.248
.481
.476
.491

100

114
23
60
80

.247
.476
.453

100

193
162
180
166
96
54
93

101
112

.251
1501
.484
.496

15.7
5.9
5.8

48.5
50.9
49.1

56.0
145.4
49.2
47.8

23.33
24.23
24.11

14.07
i 22.75
23.78
23.70

1

95
56
79

193
183
187

.247
.480
.457
.467

5.7
5.4
5.5

48.0
51.2
48.0

55.5
45.2
43.3
44.2

22.85
23.19
22.22

13.68
21.70
19.80
20.64

9

.464
.434
.437

100
191
179
180

1.466
.437
.446

15.7
5.7
5.6

48.4
49.8
49.3

40.0
12.35
145.9 "22.46" 121.41
20.64
47.2
21.61
21.54
20.65
46.3

1

.240
.478
.475
.475

199
198
198

.241
.481
.485
.481

5.7
5.9
5.9

49.0
51.0
49.5

57.7
46.7
47.9
49.8

23.42
24.23
23.51

13.92
22.45
23.26
23.94

.256
.480
.474
.484

6.6
5.6
5.8

48.3
50.0
49.5

56.3
44.9
47.2
47.7

23.09
23.25
23.76

14.43
21.56
22.35
23.10

22.70
23.21
23.17

15.23
21.98
23.03
25.57

22.65
23.10
22.12

13.70
21.77
21.73
22.15

194
192
198

100

100

101
80
158
131

.248
.470
.466
.471

100

431
234
317
380

186
181
187
190
188
190

.479
.477
.489

5.7
5.5
5.9

48.3
49.8
49.2

61.3
45.9
48.3
52.3

.247
.466
.452
.458

100

.246
.472
.463
.471

5.7
5.6
5.7

48.6
51.1
48.3

55.6
46.1
47.0
47.0

67
139
175
294

.241
.493
.457
.447

100
205
190
185

118
61
85
103

.246
.465
.447
.452

100

189
189
185

189
182
184

.461
.453

15.7
5.8
5.8

49.7
50.4
49.2

57.6
146.1
47.5
48.2

.244
.469
.445
.460

5.9
5.6
5.7

48.0
50.5
48.6

54.4
46.3
46.6
46.8

.241

1.461

13.89
24.50 i 22.61
23.03
21.90
21.99
21.82
22.32
22.57
21.97

1
1

(2
)
' “c T

4
1
1

28
10

100
48
85

47
4

5

3

91
70
81

2

29
11

87
53
75

9

39
10

4
3
1

13
1

96
67
73

8

6
2 !

9
2
4
1

8
8

33
12

13

95
50
85
74
61
79

96
75
75

1
1
4

2 !
!

4

11
12

!
11 I

3
3

5

44
8

5
1

12
1
6

28
11

9 !
1
1
!

i
!
i

!

13.24
21.73
20.77

100
64

1

21.55

21

89

4

6

5
I
1
10
l
3

i

9 ii

5

1Not including data for 1 establishment! n which employees are paid weekly.
3Less than 1 per cent.
2 Belt men, box makers, brush makers, brush repairers, calkers, door canvassers, harness makers, plasterers, plugmen, pump repairers, rope repairers, saw filers, tool grinders,
4
truckmen, upholsterers, welders, wheelmen, and wheelwrights.
aiAssistant foreman, boiler washers, cranemen, molders, oilers, pattern makers, pipe coverers, roofers, steel men, stencil cutters, utility and general workers.




SUMMARY

.257
.478
.465
.480

8

AD
N

79
114
118

4

2

INTRODUCTION

Blacksmiths’ helpers:
1917..............................................
1921..............................................
1923..............................................
1925..............................................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
1917..............................................
1921............................... ; .............
1923 __...........................................
1925..............................................
Carpenters’ helpers:
1917..............................................
1921..............................................
1923...............................................
1925...............................................
Electrical workers’ helpers:
1917.............................................. .
1921.............................................. .
1923-.............................................
1925.............................................. .
Machinists’ helpers:
1917.............................................. .
1921.............................................. .
1923.............................................. .
1925.............................................. .
Millwrights’ helpers:
1917.............................................. .
1921........... .................................. .
1923.............................................. .
1925............................... .............. .
Plumbers’ and pipe fitters’ helpers:
1917.............................................. .
1921.............................................. .
1923.............................................. .
1925.............................................. .
Repairers’ helpers:
1917................................................
1921.............................................. .
1923.............................................. .
1925 .............................................. .
Tinners’ helpers:
1917-............................................ .
1921.............................................. .
1923.............................................. .
1925.............................................. .

G
O

O

T a b le 1 .—A V E R AG E HOURS A N D E A R N IN G S A N D CLASSIFIED BASIC OR RE G U LAR FULL-TIM E HOURS P E R W EE K , 1917, 1921, 1923, A N D 1925, B Y

D E P A R T M E N T , SEX, OCCUPATION, A N D Y E A R —Continued

O

Maintenance and repair department—Continued
amM—" _ .

^

.

---- ------ ---- ----■ t
,

=

Sex, occupation, and year

m ales—

Num­ Num­
ber of
estab­ ber of
em­
lish­
ments ployes

Aver-

Aver­
age
iSff actual
full­
time
earn­
rate of ings in
wages
one
per
week
week

Per cent of employees whose classified basic
or regular full-time hours per week were—
Over
Un­
der

Over
54

48
48

48

and
under

54

54

and
under

60

Over
60

60

continued
66
34
38
86

11,387
5,455
6,663
8,445

$0,288
.565
.551
.567

100
196
191
197

$0,289
i. 567
.560
.568

15.8
5.8
5.8

48.4
51.0
49.1

66.2
146.0
48.6
48.7

$16.25
$27.35" 126.09
27.24
28.10
27.84
27.68

1
38
11

6
1

4
2
3

56
23

6
3

2
1
3

54
23

7
*2

4
6
10

9
4

6
7
9

4

2

93
53
75

2
1
6

96
37
68

(*
)
(*
)

91
31
60

(*2
)

91
29
56

1
1
3

<
’)
54

1

26

1

64

<)
*

28

1

(*)

4

<>
*

Miscellaneous employees, all departments

PACKING

KALES

Branders, markers, stampers, stencilers, and
57
33
36
73

492
379
550
590

$0,238
.448
.415
.436

1917....................................................................... .
1921.......................................................................
1923.......................................................................
1925.......................................................................

60
29
37
69

591
332
454
604

.241
.456
.438
.437

1917.................................... - ................................ .
1921....................................................................... .
1923____- .............................................................
1925.......................................................................

60
32
38
75

906
395
707
901

.263
.502
.471
.495

..............................................................

Elevator operators:

Scalers and weighers:

Doormen:

1925____________________________ ___________




49

403

.308 .

56.1
44.8
48.5
47.8

100 $0,241
.456
188
.435
174
.449
183

5.8
5.7
5.7

48.2
51.2
50.0

100
189
182
181

.241
1.462
.452
.448

15.8
5.8
5.9

48.4
52.5
50.5

100

.266
.510
.484
.505

5.8
5.8
5.9

48.7
51.1

59.1
46.7 "24.45"
24.82
52.2
25.29
51.6

.314

5.8

50.2

48.8

191
179
188

5 2 .7

$21.59
21.25
21.80

$13.50
20.43
21.12
21.45

15.33'
63.7
147.8 " 22. 67" 1 22.11
25.17
55.7
23.00
22.07
24.20
54.1

15.46

15.70
23.81
25.28
26.04
15.33

1
1
4
3
2

1

3

INDUSTRY

1921....................................................................... .
1923...........- ..........................................................
1925.......................................................................

MEAT

1917
1921
_ ___________
_
1923
_____________________
1925..................................... - ......................

AD
N

Total, males:

SliAUGHTEHING

Aver­
Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic
age
age
age number or regu­ hours
earn­ of days lar full­ actually
ings worked time worked
Index
Aver­
per
numbers hour in one hours in one
age
week
week
per
rate 1917*100
week
Wages per hour

(’)

Total, males:
1917.........................................................
1921.........................................................
1923.........................................................
1925........................................................

60
33
38
84

1,989
1,106
1,711
2,498

.250
.470
.444
.437

100
188
178
175

.252
1.477
.460
.448

15.8
5.8
5.8

48.4
52.2
50.5

59.7
146.4
52.0
5a 8

15.05
22.76 i 22.14
23.18
23.91
22.07
22.76

13
15
21
20

37
64
100
61

.153
.334
.327
.326

100
218
214
213

.153
.337
.360
.341

5.7
5.6
5.5

48.1
52.6
48.9

48.5
42.6
45.7
44.0

16.07
17.20
15.94

7.39
14.36
14.97
15.01

13
11
16
15

33
22
104
38

.164
.346
.318
.339

100
211
194
207

.164
.337
.319
.343

5.9
5.7
5.7

48.3
52.6
50.2

54.1
45.1
47.0
45.2

16.71
16.70
17.02

8.90
15.21
14.96
15.51

13
15
22
34

70
86
204
99

.158
.337
.323
.331

100
213
204
209

.158
.337
.323
.342

5.8
5.6
5.6

48.1
52.5
49.4

51.1
43.2
46.3
44.5

16.24
16.96
16.35

8.10
14.58
14.96
15.20

$0,271
100 $0,271
54.3
1921.........................................................................
.504
48.4
143.2 34$24.39
i .511
i 5.5
49.1
.487
180
.499
52.2
25.42
5.6
.501
185
.507
5.7
50.2
48.2
25.15

$14.73
1 22.10
24.55
24.45

2

93
32
62

(?)
1
2

2

97
27
82

2

2

55
25

8
3

4
5
7

3
65
13

5
2

3

0

(2
)

FEMALES

Total, females:
1917.........................................................
1921.........................................................
1923.........................................................
1925.........................................................

95
30
66

1

5
64
32

INTRODUCTION

Branders, markers, stampers, stencilers, and
taggers:
1917_____________________________________
1921...................................................................
1923.................................................. - ..............
1925...................................................................
Scalers and weighers:
1917...................................................................
1921__...............................................................
1923...................................................................
1925...................................................................

6
3

1

3
65
20

2
1

4
1

189
90
33
65

2
1
3

1 ‘ (2
)
6
56
22
3

4
3
6

88
25
65

2
1
2

5
65
23

1
5
1

90
32

2
1

2
57

65

3

22

AD
N

97
28
76

departsnents

|

Grand tc

1917.........................................................................

66

1923.........................................................................
1925.........................................................................

38
86

55,089
30,075
45,083
52,702

1917.........................................................................
1921.........................................................................
1923.........................................................................
1925.........................................................................

51
31
37
78

6,576
3,329
6,112
6,595

.179
.362
.356
.347

100
202
199
194

.178
i.3d5
.361
.359

15.7
5.5
5.6

48.3
52.8
49.4

66
34
38
86

61,665
33,404
51,195
59,297

.262
.489
.472
. .483

100
187
180
184

.262
1.497
.484

i 5.5
5.6

48.4
52.3
50.1

All occupations, females:

53.4
144.3
45.1
44.7

17.48
18.80
17.14

8.60
1 15.57
16.28
16.04

2

(2
)

2

4
6

4
3

(2
)
(2
)

(2
)

All occupations, males and females:
1917.........................................................................
1921.........................................................................
1923....................................................................... .
1925...................................................................... .




.492

5.7

* Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.

54.2
143.1
48.7

47.8

14.07
"23.67" 1 21.45
24.63
23.55

24.20

23.52

2

(2
)

3

* Less than 1 per cent.

(2
)

6

3

3

3
5

(2
)
(2
)
(2
)

SUMMARY

All occupations, males:

42

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PAGEING INDUSTRY

Distinction is made between the average rate of wages per hour
and the average earnings per hour.
The average rate of wages per hour was computed by dividing the
sum of the rates of wages per hour for all employees in the occupa­
tion by the number of employees. Equivalent rates of wages per
hour for pieceworkers were computed for each employee by dividing
the earnings at the occupation by the hours actually worked at the
occupation. Average rates of wages per hour for employees who
were paid weekly rates were computed for each employee by dividing
the weekly rate by the basic or regular full-time hours per week.
The average earnings per hour were computed by dividing the sum
of the earnings in one week of all employees in tjie occupation, depart­
ment, or industry by the total hours actually worked during the
week. Average earnings per hour for an occupation may be more
or less than the average rate of wages per hour, being due to the
fact that—
(а) Some employees in the occupation worked overtime, for which
they were paid one and one-half times the basic or regular rate of
wages per hour.
(б) Some employees in the occupation worked less than the “ guar­
anteed hours of pay” per week, but were paid the guaranty.
(e) Some employees in the occupation worked part of their time
at another occupation, the rate of pay for that work being more or
less than the rate of pay per hour for work at their regular occupation.
(d) Some employees, in addition to their own work, did the work
of absent employees, for which they were paid in addition to their
own regular wages or earnings.
The average basic or regular full-time hours per week were com­
puted by dividing the sum of the basic or regular hours per week of
all employees in the occupation by the number of employees in the
occupation. For definition of “ basic or regular full-time, hours”
see page 45.
The 1925 data used in compiling this report were obtained from 31 of
the most important plants of four large packing companies and from
55 plants of other companies. The bureau here expresses its appre­
ciation of the cooperation and courtesy extended by all of these
companies. The plants scheduled are located in the most important
meat-packing centers in California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida,
Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan,
Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon,
Pennsylvania, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin. The wage earn­
ers (120,946) in 20 of these 22 States (excluding Connecticut and
Oklahoma) represent 91 per cent of the number (132,792) in the
industry in 1923. The number (59,297) covered in the 1925 study
is approximately 45 per cent of the total number employed in the
industry in 1923 and 49 per cent of the total number in the specified
States (excluding Connecticut and Oklahoma). Including estimated
number of wage earners for Connecticut and Oklahoma, the 22
States represent 9 2 ^ per cent of the total in the industry in 1923.




SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

43

IMPORTANCE OF THE INDUSTRY

The slaughtering and meat-packing industry is the largest engaged
in the production of food products and is also one of the largest and
most important industries in the United States. According to the
census report the value of products in this industry in 1923 was
$2,585,804,140. Consumers of cattle, hog, sheep, and calf products
living in the large cities and great industrial centers are entirely
dependent, and many of those living in the rural districts are to a
very great extent dependent, upon the large packing companies for
meat and meat food products. The large companies have at all
times great quantities of fresh and cured meats and other meat food
supplies in storage at the plants in which the animals are slaughtered
and in which the meat and by-products are cured and prepared for
food. They also have large branch storage houses in practically all
of the important cities throughout the country, always well supplied
to meet the demands of the local retail market. Refrigerator cars,
owned, operated, and repaired by the packing companies have regu­
lar routes, delivering to branch storage houses or to retailers in railroad
towns and villages in which there is no storage.
Inspection of animals, carcasses, meats, etc., is made by employees
of the Bureau of Animal Industry of the Department of Agriculture
in all establishments for which data are shown in this report. This
inspection is made to protect the public from diseased, unclean, or
unwholesome meat and meat food products. A full description of
such inspection appears in Bulletin 252, page 64.
The figures in Table 2 were compiled from the United States cen­
sus reports. They show the importance of the industry and its
growth during the period 1899 to 1923.




T able 2.—ESTABLISH M EN TS, C A PIT A L , COST OF M ATERIALS, VALUE OF PRODUCTS, EM PLOYEES, EARN INGS A N D N U M BE R , COST, AND
DRESSED W E IG H T OF ANIMALS SLAUGHTERED, IN EACH SPECIFIED Y EA R , 1899 TO 1923

&

_______________________________ [From Report of U. S. Census] _____________________

is
S .?

s>?g !i
°.s
°* .3
3
1-ti r

as

(*)
87,077 74,134
105,971 87,813
121,729 98,832
197,392 160,996
150,376 117,042
166,409 132,792

$33 $488.29
40 543.97
50 573.99
62 628.70
209 1,301.21
153 1,306.39
168 1,261.

~3§
M
23

■ 'S
S
Is

III I

o

§1 III ii
i

$37
8,894 5,525,824 $247 3,223 30,595,522 $278 5,203 9,110,172
44
330 5,049 10,875,339
289 4,066 30,977,639
9,741 7,147,835
60
483 5,202 12,288,725
392 4,410 33,870,616
10,371 8,114,860
85
597 5,476 15,943,743
490 3,786 34,441,913
10,098 7,149,042
147
5,119 44,520,726 1,757 7,359 13,497,300
13,435 10,818,511 1,056
12,237 8,263,575 <560 4,358 40,726,780 <803 6,873 14,767,770 <102
15,641 10,178,496 <652 5,151 51,018,292 <942 9,439 13,193,856 <130

465
497
630
500
568
515

WX3
-db O
£
«

111

883,857
$7
13
1,568,130
25
2,504,728
2,019,004
28
4,395,675
96
4,314,850 <75
5,100,020

79
161
262
206
457
438
536

Per cent of increase 191h 1919, and 1928 over 1899

Item

1919
over
1899

1923
over
1899
58

45
183
111
111
45
88
29

48
522
455
442
135
533
166.

219
230
94
409
158

14
29
98

51
96
328

76
84
164

Item

Number of hogs slaughtered....................... ................................
Cost of hogs on hoof______________________________________
Pounds, dressed weight, hogs____ ________________________
Number of sheep and lambs slaughtered....................................
Cost of sheep and lambs_________ _________________________
Pounds, dressed weight, sheep and lambs..................................
Number of calves slaughtered_____________________________
Cost of calves on hoof...................... ............... ...........................
Pounds, dressed weight, calves....................................................

1914
over
1899
17
13
115
5
75
130
62
128
300
161

i Data for plants with products under $5,000 in value included in years prior to 1921, but not for years 1921 and 1923.
* Not available.
* Not called for in blanks used b y the Census for this year.
,
•
4 Estimated. Based on combined cost of cattle, hogs, sheep, lambs, and calves, as reported b y TJ. S. Census, and on cost per 100 pounds from other sources.




1919
over
1899
59
46
532
41
48
306
29
397
1,271
478

1923
over
1899
60
67
239
81
45
251
32
477
1,071
578

INDUSTRY

Capital
- --p.Acf rtf
nfiTiPinflllv 1 vfist,opIt
1
Value of all products, including value added by manufacture.
Average number of wage earners
AmAiint noiH tn wflca aai*rt£i*Q
AvAracta vAstrlv Pflminfffi nf wacta ftfirtiftrs
Pounds, dressed weight, of cattle, hogs, sheep, lambs, and
calves
Nnmhpr rtf pfit.t.lA
Cost of cattle on hoof______________ ________________ _______

1914
over
1899

PACKING

Per cent of increase-

Per cent of increase-

MEAT

$784
914
806
1,191 1,356
1,442 1,652
3,783 4,246
1,868 2,201
2,176 2,586

31

34

’§2
)
§

AD
N

1,221
1,279
1,304
1,184
1,397

$189
238
378
534
1,176
(3
)
(3
)

|I

<
1

>

1899
1904
1909
1914
1919
1921
1923

•84
1*

SLAUGHTERING

1 8%
3«
•
o® o3 £
S2
o£>
o -g
-a
+ <
J£
|2f
2 (50
a© £.a£i llfil
a

fi

Calves

Sheep and lambs

Hogs

Cattle

lip

§ 1>
a a
>

FULL-TIME HOURS PER BAY AND WEEK

45

DEPARTMENTS INCLUDED IN STUDY

The work in this industry begins with the driving of live cattle,
hogs, sheep, lambs, and calves into the killing departments and ends
only when every process necessary to convert the animals into the
various meat products and by-products have been completed. The
work varies so that it is necessary that hours, wage rates, and earn­
ings be shown separately by department and by occupation. Figures
are shown for 13 departments: Cattle killing, hog killing, sheep
killing and calf killing, offal, hide, casing, cutting or fresh beef,
cutting or fresh pork, lard and oleo oil, sausage, cured meat, canning,
and maintenance and repair. Data were not taken for officials,
clerks, salesmen, power-house employees, foremen, employees of
box factories, brush, cooper, tin, or other shops in which products are
entirely new, nor for employees of butterine, mincemeat, produce,
extract, soap, curled-hair, wool, bone, and fertilizer departments.
The departments and occupations are described in Bulletin 252,
pages 1075 to 1114. Figures are shown for each of the years, 1917,
1921, 1923, and 1925 for the total numbers of employees of each sex
in each department in Table 1, pages 3 to 41.
All departments are not found in every plant, nor are both sexes,
as will be seen, for example, in reading the 1925 figures in Table 1,
page 7, for “ Total males” and for “ Total females” in the cattlekilling department. Data for that department and year are for
4,261 males of 72 plants and for only 25 females of 4 plants. A total
of 86 plants were covered in the 1925 study, but 14 of them did no
cattle killing. The “ Grand total,” Table 1, page 41, shows 1925
data for 52,702 males of 86 plants and for 6,595 females of 78 plants.
BASIC OR REGULAR FULL-TIME HOURS PER DAY AND
WEEK

The basic or regular full-time hours per day and per week of each
of the meat-packmg plants for which data are presented in this
report are the regular hours of operation when the plant is working its
recognized standard of full-time hours—that is, the usual time of
beginning work in the morning on each day of the week and of
closing in the afternoon less the regular time off duty for the midday
lunch or dinner. The hours per day and per week may be the same
even though there is a difference in the time of beginning and quitting
work. The hours of different plants may and often do differ on
account of difference in time of beginning and quitting work, of
amount of time taken at noon for the midday meal, of a short work­
day on Saturday or other week day, and at times on account of other
causes.
Basic or regular full-time hours per week as presented in the tables
of this report do not in any way indicate the amount of employment
or the amount of unemployment during the pay-roll period covered.
Some employees of an occupation may have worked more than full
time, due to overtime, while others may have worked less than full
time on account of having been sick, disabled, or laid off part time,
or of having been in service less than full time on account of termina2059°— 27-------i




46

SIAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

tion of service before the end of the pay-roll period covered or of
having entered service after the beginning of the period.
In the 1917 study it was found that while each of the 83 plants
(1917 data are presented in this bulletin for 66 plants; see Bulletin
294, p. 3) covered in that year had what was then called regular
working hours per day and per week, in actual practice their hours of
work at that time varied so much from day to day and from week
to week that average hours were not computed for any city, district,
State, or occupation. Table 3 shows basic or regular full-time
hours per day and per week for each of the 83 plants covered in 1917,
of the 34 in 1921, of the 38 in 1923, and for each of the 86 covered in
1925.
Line 1 of the table shows that the basic or regular full-time hours
of 1 of the 83 plants covered in 1917 were 9 on 5 days per week and
b }/2 on 1 day or 503^ per week; that the hours of 4 plants were 10 on
5 days and 5 on 1 day or 55 per week, and that the hours of 73, or
88 per cent, of the 83 plants covered in 1917 were 10 on 6 days or
60 hours per week. The hours of the other 5 plants covered in that
year were 53, 56, 5 6 5 7 , and 573^ per week, respectively. Line 2
shows that the hours of 29, or 85 per cent, of the 34 plants covered
in 1921 were 8 on 6 days, or 48 per week, with only 2 plants at
lO hours on 6 days, or 60 per week. Line 3 shows that the hours of
15, or 39 per cent, of the 38 plants covered in 1923 were 8 per day or
48 per week, and that the hours of 16, or 42 per cent, were 9 per day
or 54 per week, thus showing an increase in the hours of some plants
between 1921 and 1923 from 8 per day or 48 per week to 9 per day
or 54 per week. Line 4 reports the 1925 hours of 1 plant at 8 on 5
days and 4 on 1 day or 44 per week, of 2 at 8 on 5 days and 5 on 1 day
or 45 per week, of 40, or 47 per cent, of the 86 covered in that year
at 8 on 6 days or 48 per week, of 3 at 9 on 5 days and 5 on 1 day or
50 per week, of 1 at §3^ on 5 days and 53^ on 1 day or 53 per week,
of 18 at 9 on 6 days or 54 per week, of 5 at 10 on 5 days and 4 on 1
day or 54 per week, of 6 at 10 on 5 days and 5 on 1 day or 55 per
week, and of 10 plants at 10 hours per day on 6 days or 60 hours
per week.
The weighted basic or regular full-time hours per week for all
males, for all females, and for both sexes combined are shown at the
end of Table 1, page 41.
Average basic or regular full-time hours per week and average
hours actually worked in one week as of 1925 are showT in parallel
n
columns in Table A, pages 55 to 118. The average in one column
shows the basic or regular full-time hours of work, while the average
in the other column shows the hours actually worked in one week.




47

OVERTIME RATES AND GUARANTEED HOURS
T

able

3 .—BASIC OR REG U LAR FU LL-TIM E HOURS OF O PERATION OF PLANTS ON 5
DAYS, ON 1 D A Y , AN D PER W EEK, 1917, 1921, 1923, AND 1925

Num­
ber of
plants Hours:
Year
in­
On 5 days
cluded
in
On 1 day.
study
Per week.
1917...
1921...
1923.
1925..

Number of plants in which regular or customary hours of operation on 5 days,
on 1 day, and per week were—

50H

m

*9H 10

5H

9h!

*7X J6M

7H

>56M

57M

53

54

*56

1
34

10

10
10

73

2

3
10

i Average, 10 for 6 months and 9% for 6 months.
* Average, 9 ^ for 6 months and 5 for 6 months.
8 Average, 5 for 6 months and 7H for 6 months.
* Average, see notes 1 and 2.
* Average, see note 3.

HOURS, OVERTIME RATES, AND GUARANTEED HOURS
OF PAY
Overtime.—Table 4 shows the basic or regular hours of operation
per day and per week for each of the plants covered in 1925, the num­
ber of plants that pay for overtime or work in excess of the regular
hours of operation per day or per week at the regular rate, the num­
ber of plants that pay for overtime at one and one-half times the
regular rate, and also the number of plants that pay one and one-half
times the regular rate after a specified number of hours per day or
per week. Reading from the table, in explanation of “ one and onehalf times the regular rate after” a specified number of hours per
day or week, it is seen that the regular hours of 40 plants are 8 per
day and 48 per week and that 1% of these plants do not pay for
overtime at one and one-half times the regular rate until after 10
hours of work on any one day or 54 hours per week, which means
that an employee whose regular rate is 50 cents per hour would be
paid for the first 10 hours of work on any one day at 50 cents per hour
and for any and all work in excess of the 10 hours at 75 cents per
hour; and also that should an employee work more than 54 hours
and not over 10 hours in any one day, he would be paid for the first
54 hours at 50 cents per hour and for the time in excess of 54 hours
at 75 cents per hour. Of the 86 plants covered, 34 pay for overtime
at the regular rate; 14 pay for overtime at one and one-half times the
regular rate; 4 with regular hours of 8 per day and 48 per week pay
one and one-half times the regular rate after 10 hours on any one
day or 48 per week; 22 pay one and one-half times the regular rate
after 10 hours on any one day or 54 per week; 10 pay one and onehalf times the regular rate after 10 hours on any one day or 55 hours
per week; 1 with hours of 9 per day or 54 per week pays one and
one-half times the regular rate after 50 hours per week; and 1 with
regular hours of 8 per day and 48 per week pays one and one-half
times the regular rate after 52 hours per week.
Work on Sunday and holidays.—The table also shows that provi­
sion is made for payment for work on Sunday and holidays at the
regular rate by 33 plants, at one and one-half times the regular
rate by 32 plants, and at two times the regular rate by 21 plants.



48

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

In this industry work on Sunday and holidays is not frequent,
especially on holidays, and is limited to a very small per cent of the
employees of a plant and usually only to a very few mechanics in
the maintenance and repair department, who repair equipment and
buildings.
Guaranteed hours of pay.—In addition to data as to overtime and
work on Sunday and holidays the table shows also that 31 of the 86
plants covered in 1925 do not guarantee any hours of pay per day or
per week to any of their employees; that 51 plants guarantee 40
hours of pay per week, the guaranty in these plants being to all
employees in all departments of %8 plants and to the employees of certain
specified departments of the other 8 plants; and that 4 plants guarantee
hours of pay other than 40 per week, the guaranty being 48 hours of
pay to 4 hog butchers of 1 plant, 45 hours of pay to 8 cattle butchers
of 1 plant, 30 hours of pay to the employees in the killing, cutting,
hide, and offal departments of 1 plant, 40 hours of pay to all em­
ployees except in the refining department of 1 plant, and 57% hours
of pay to 5 cattle butchers of 1 plant. A very few of the plants
listed above at a guaranty of 40 hours of pay per week to all employ­
ees really guarantee that amount to all except luggers, the luggers
in these plants being guaranteed 44 hours of pay per week. A small
per cent of the plants that guarantee 40 hours of pay per week pay
for 6% hours for each day that the employee reports for duty and
does any work.
The guaranteed hours of pay assures to the employees pay at their
regular rate for the specified number of guaranteed hours of pay
whenever the hours of work available are less than the guaranteed
hours of pay. To be entitled to pay it is necessary for the employee
to report for duty and work all the hours of operation on each day
or in each week. Guaranteed hours of pay is much more extensive
and general in this industry than in any of the other major industries.




T

able

4 .-

-BASIC OR R E G U L AR HOURS PER D A Y AND PER WEEK, RATES OF PA Y FOR OVERTIM E AND F O R W ORK ON SUNDAY AND HOLIDAYS.
AND GUARANTEED HOURS OF PAY, 1925
/
Basic or regular full­
time hours

Number of plants that
pay for work on
Sunday and holi­
days at—

Number of plants that pay for overtime at—

Number of
plants that
guarantee
hours of
pay to—

Number of plants that—

9
4
5
10

Total 86.

44
45
48
50
53
54
54
55
60

1
10
3

1
2

8
1
4
7

1
2
4
1
3

34

14

4

14

1

1
9

1
1

7

8
1
4
7

1
4

22

10

1

9
3

1

33

1
18
1
8
1
3
32

1
13
2
4
1
21

12
3

48

2
28
1
1
1

45
on
oU

4
6

11
5
2
3

1

57%

31

51

A
4

6

*1

o
*
23

25

ii
A
4
1
1
2

81
41
«1
•1
72

43

12

HOURS

1 Four hog butchers.
J Employees in killing and cutting departments of 1 plant; in killing, cutting, offal, and casing departments of 1 plant; in hog-killing and cutting departments of 1 plant; in killing
cutting, casing, cured-meat, and hide departments of 1 plant; and in cattle and sheep killing, offal, hide, and casing departments of 1 plant.
8 Eight cattle butchers.

GUABANTEBD

4
5
8
5

AD
N

8
8
8
9
9H
9
10
10
10

BATES

1----------2.............
40...........
3.............
1.............
18...........
5.............
6.............
10...........

OVEBTTME

Guarantee hours of
Number
One and one-half times regular rate after—
pay other than 40
of
One
One
per week
plants Mon­ Satur­
and
and
oneTwo
Do not Guarantee
All
day
day
Part
Regu­ half
Regu­ half
Per
times guarantee 40 hours
em­ of em­
to
or
lar
10 hours 10 hours
10 hours
lar
times
hours
of pay
ploy­ ploy­
Fri­ other week rate times
on any
on any
on any
50
52
rate regular regular any pay
regu­
of
rate
per week
ees
day
ees
day
one day
one day
one day hours hours
lar
rate
Plants Hours of
or 48
or 54
or 55
per
per
pay
rate hours per
hours per hours per week week
week
week
week

1All employees except in refining department of 1 plant; 5 cattle butchers of 1 plant.




CO

50

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

WAGE REDUCTIONS AND INCREASES, 1921-1925

Numerous changes have been made in wage rates between the
studies of the industry in April, 1917, and in the latter part of 1925.
The peak in wage rates was reached in 1920, in which year some
reductions in wage rates were made by some plants, followed by re­
ductions in 1921 by other plants prior to the study in April, 1921.
Between April 1, 1921, and the winter of 1923 there was a general
reduction of wages, followed later by an increase. Practically all
plants that were covered in 1923 reduced the wages of employees who
were paid hourly rates and piece rates. Those paid weekly rates
were not reduced. The reduction varied in amount. A few plants
made a straight reduction of 5, 10, or 13 per cent, while approximately
20, employing a very great majority of the employees covered in the
1923 study, reduced skilled labor 3 cents per hour, semiskilled 5 cents
per hour, unskilled labor 7J^ cents per hour, and piece rates were
reduced 8 per cent. These reductions were followed by increases.
Establishments that made percentage reductions made increases
restoring the April, 1921, rates, while the establishments that cut
hourly rates made an increase of 3 cents per hour in rates of skilled
labor, 4 cents per hour for semiskilled, and an increase of 5 cents per
hour in rates of unskilled labor. The net result was a reduction in
1923 as compared with 1921 in the industry as a whole. The 1923
figures for the 13 departments show an average wage-rate reduction
in each department. A study of the occupational figures in Table 1
shows a reduction in a great majority of the occupations. Only
three plants covered in the 1925 study reported general wage changes
since the 1923 study. A very few plants reported individual wage
changes between the 1923 and the 1925 studies. The average rate of
wages per hour for the 59,297 employees covered in 1925 is 48.3
cents, as compared with 47.2 cents for the 51,195 covered in 1923,
showing an increase of 1.1 cents per hour in 1925 over 1923.
DAYS ON WHICH EMPLOYEES WORKED

Table 5 shows for 24 representative occupations for males and 7
for females of 9 departments average and specified number of days
worked by all employees in each of the occupations in one week. Any
part of a calendar day on which an employee worked is counted a
day.
The average number of days worked by employees is a simple
average obtained by dividing the aggregate number of days worked
by the total number of employees in the occupation.
Reading line 1, in explanation of the table, it is seen that the 51
establishments employed 120 headers; that they worked an average
of 5.5 days in the week covered; also that 1 worked on 1 day, 1 on 2
days, 4 on 3 days, 6 on 4 days, 27 on 5 days, 80 on 6 days, and that 1
worked on 7 days. All of the 51 plants were in operation 6 days dur­
ing the week covered. The employees who worked less than 6 days
lost time on account of sickness, or other disability, absence of own
accord, or of entering service after the beginning or of leaving service
before the end of the week covered by the study. The employee
who is shown as having worked on 7 days evidently did some work
on Sunday at another occupation.



51

DAYS ON WHICH EMPLOYEES WORKED
T

5 . — AVE R AG E AN D SPECIFIED N U M B E R OF DAYS A C TU A L L Y W O R K E D IN
31 T Y P IC A L OCCUPATIONS B Y IN D IV ID U A L EM PLOYEES IN ONE W EEK, 1925, B Y
D E P A R T M E N T , OCCUPATION, A N D SEX

able

Department and occupation

Cattle-killing:
Headers____________________________
Leg breakers- ______ __ ____ _________
Floormen or siders..................................
Gutters and bung droppers...................
Splitters....................................________
Laborers_________ . _________________
Hog-killing:
Laborers (drivers, penners, steamers,
singers, washers, aitchbone breakers,
and toe pullers)...................................
Stickers.................................... ..............
Shavers and scrapers------------------------Gutters, bung droppers, and rippersopen.................................. .......... ......
Splitters...................................................
Offal (other than hides and casings):
Trimmers.......................... .....................
Tripe scrapers and finishers..................
Trimmers................................................
Miscellaneous workers (washers, tripe
washers, tripe scalders and cookers,
tripe scrapers and finishers)...............
Casing:
Casing pullers or runners____________
Strippers.-_________ ______________
Trimmers of casings...............................
Blowers, graders, and inspectors______
Cutting or fresh beef:
Laborers. - _________________________
Boners_______________ ____________
Cutting or fresh pork:
Ham boners.......................................... .
Trimmers and ham and shoulder skin­
ners.....................................................
Trimmers of trimmings........................
Sausage:
Machine tenders (cutters, choppers,
grinders, mixers, curers, and feed­
ers).......................................................
Stuffers....................................................
Linkers, twisters, tiers, and hangers__
Cured meats:
Packers (packers of beef, barrel pork,
bellies, briskets, pig rinds, and
smoked meat; dippers, vat men,
sweet-piekle packers, burlap sackers,
wrappers, car loaders, and car stowers)................................ ......................
Picklers (pickle men, pickle makers,
pumpers, and curers).............. ...........
Canning:
Packers (sliced bacon and chipped
dried beef in cans, glass jars, or car­
tons, by hand)....... .................... .
Labelers and wrappers_______________

Number of employees who in
Num­ Num­ Average
one week worked specified
number
ber
ber
number of days
of days
of
of
worked
Sex estab­ em­
by em­
lish­ ploy­ ployees in
3
4
2
5
6
7
ments ees one week 1

4
4
5
4
1
20

M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.

51
55
62
55
57
63

120
181
272
121
149
949

5.5
5.4
5.6
5.5
5.7
5.5

1
4
3
2
1
24

6 27
13 37
20 41
5 27
7 18
52 115

80
1
120
201
82 __
120
706 ” 4

M.
M.
M.

65
65
66

829
79
705

5.5
5.7
5.5

24 17 22 17 152
3
13
1
9 ‘ io" 30 ~19~ 146

588
9
62 __
491

M.
M.

64
68

242
170

5.6
5.7

2
1

4
1

7
2

6
5

28
16

195
145 __

M.
M.
F.

60
49
22

597
227
139

5.6
5.8
5.5

7

4
5
1

9
1
4

32
6
6

95
22
44

450
192
84 . . .

1
3
2
1
2
28

F.

24

154

5.6

1

2

6

5

19

121

M.
M.
M.
M.

69
55
55
29

620
270
240
197

5.7
5.6
5.7
5.6

2
2
2
2

4
3
2
4

9
9
2
2

35
16
9
6

80
28
32
40

490
210 ’ "2
191
2
143

M.
M.

56
57

1,767
547

5.6
5.6

34
10

38
8

33
9

64 134 1,409
83 416
20

55
1
1

M.

67

286

5.5

2

6

7

49

213

M.
F.

57
44

701
818

5.6
5.5

7
6

13
14

14
31

19 79
42 144

569
581

M.
M.
F.

75
74
75

418
406
1,105

5.8
5.8
5.6

1
5
16

7
2
16

3
4
21

4 15
4 43
34 140

386
346
876

2
2
2

8

M.

70

988

5.8

5

7

16

20

78

856

6

M.

77

560

5.8

3

2

8

9

30

499

9

F.
F.

31
13

387
145

4
5.5
5.2 -----

8
3

14
13

11
15

69
29

276
84

5
1

Table 6 shows for males and females of each State the number of
establishments and employees, average number of days worked by
employees in one week, average rate of wages and earnings per hour,
average basic or regular full-time hours and rate of wages per week,
the per cent of basic or regular full-time worked in one week, and
average hours actually worked and earning^ in one week.
From the data as presented in the table it is seen that—
Data are for 52,702 males and 6,595 females, ranging from 70
males in Florida and 62 females in Pennsylvania to 14,594 males
and 1,976 females in Illinois.



52

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Males worked an average of 5.7 days and females 5.6 days in one
week, the average for males by States ranging from 5.4 days in New
York to 5.8 in California, Colorado, Indiana, Oregon, Pennsylvania,
and Washington, and for females from 5.1 days in Ohio to 5.9 days
in California and Pennsylvania.
The average rate of wages per hour is 50.1 cents for males and
34.7 cents for females, ranging from 32.4 cents for males in Florida to
58 cents in California and for females from 28 cents in Indiana to
41.1 cents per hour in Wisconsin.
The average earnings per hour is 50.7 cents for males and 35.9 cents
for females, ranging from 32.5 cents for males in Florida to 57.5 cents
in California and for females from 28.2 cents in Indiana to 44.6 cents
in Wisconsin.
The average basic or regular full-time hours per week are 50.2 for
males and 49.5 for females, ranging from 48 for males in Indiana,
Minnesota, and South Dakota to 60 in Michigan and for females from
47.8 in California to 55.4 hours per week in Florida and Maryland.
The average hours actually worked in one week are 48.2 for males
and 44.7 for females, ranging from 44.1 for males in Indiana to 55.7
in Florida and for females from 40.4 in Ohio to 48.7 in Florida and
Maryland.
The per cent of basic or regular full-time hours actually worked in
the week is 96 for males and 90 for females, showing 4 per cent of lost
time for males and 10 per cent for females. The per cent of full time
worked, by State and sex, ranged from 87 for males in Michigan to 102
in California and from 81 for females in Michigan to 98 per cent in
California.
The average basic or regular full-time rate of wages per week are
$25.15 for males and $17.18 for females. The range by State and
sex was $18.63 for males in Florida to $33 in Michigan and for females,
$13.44 in Indiana to $21.04 in Wisconsin.
The average actual earnings in one week was $24.45 for males and
$16.05 for females. The range by State and sex was $18.09 for males
in Florida to $29.15 in Pennsylvania and for females, $12.23 in
Indiana to $19.91 in Wisconsin.




53

DAYS ON WHICH EMPLOYEES WORKED
T

able

6 .—A V E R AG E DAYS, R A TE OF W AGES, HOURS, A N D EARNINGS, 1925, B Y SEX
AN D STATE

Sex and State

Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ num­
ber of ber of ber of
estab­ em­
days
lish­
ploy­ worked
ments
ees
in one
week

Aver­
Aver­
Per
Aver­ cent of
age
age
Aver­ Aver­ basic or
age
basic or Aver­
basic
age
age
age
hours or reg­ regular actual
full­
rate of earn­ regular actu­
full­
ular
earn­
time
wages ings
ally
time
full­
ings
per
per
rate of in one
hours worked time
hour hour
in one hours
wages week
per
week
per
week
worked week

MALES

California.....................
Colorado......................
Connecticut and Mas­
sachusetts 1...............
Florida.........................
Illinois....... - ................
Indiana........................
Iowa...........— ............
Kansas____. . . _______
Maryland....................
Michigan.....................
Minnesota and South
Dakota1...................
Missouri......................
Nebraska.....................
New York_____ _____
Ohio.............................
Oklahoma...................Oregon and Washing­
ton 1..........................
Pennsylvania..............
Texas................... ........
Wisconsin....................
Total..................

3
2

591
423

5.8 $0.580 $0,575
5.8
.494
.496

47.5
50.9

48.6
49.4

102
97

$27.55
25.15

$27.97
24.51

4
2
16
2
7
8
3
3

1,591
70
14,594
2,476
4,929
6,735
636
878

5.7
5.7
5.7
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.6

.481
.324
.502
.452
.466
.495
.496
.550

.486
.325
.518
.453
.468
.505
.497
.557

55.7
57.5
49.3
48.0
50.8
50.7
55.3
60.0

49.3
55.7
49.4
44.1
46.8
48.2
54.2
52.0

88
97
100
92
92
95
98
87

26.79
18.63
24.75
21.70
23.67
25.10
27.43
33.00

23.96
18.09
25.55
19.99
21.94
24.35
26.94
28.96

4
4
3
7
3
2

5,107
2,932
2,953
2,516
675
826

5.7
5.7
5.7
5.4
5.7
5.5

.489
.493
.495
.549
.502
.463

.518
.499
.503
.553
.523
.468

48.0
48.9
48.1
51.7
50.8
48.1

47.8
46.4
47.6
47.3
49.6
45.0

100
99
99
91
98
94

23.47
23.12
23.81
28.38
25.50
22.27

24.76
23.17
23.95
26.19
25.98
21.08

4
3
4
2

666
695
1,949
1,460

5.8
5.8
5.6
5.6

.511
.564
.466
'.522

.534
.560
.468
.549

50.0
52.5
49.1
51.6

48.9
52.0
45.2
50.9

98
99
92
99

25.55
29.61
22.88
26.94

26.11
29.15
21.17
27.94

86

52,702

5.7

.501

.507

50.2

48.2

96

25.15

24.45

3
2

94
63

5.9
5.8

.353
.296

.353
.296

47.8
48.0

46.8
45.4

98
95

16.87
14.21

16.51
13.42

3
4
12
2
7
8
3

243
114
1,976
330
638
813
211

5.8
5.5
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.6
5.5

.311
.300
.357
.280
.326
.373
.362

.311
.300
.382
.282
.325
.380
.359

49.3
55.4
48.9
48.0
50.7
51.1
54.0

44.9
48.7
45.0
43.4
44.8
44.3
43.8

91
88
92
90
88
87
81

15.33
16.62
17.46
13.44
16.53
19.06
19.55

13.97
14.62
17.18
12.23
14.56
16.86
15.73

4
4
3
5
3
2

603
203
376
220
77
109

5.7
5.6
5.6
5.4
5.1
5.4

.335
.387
.362
.358
.345
.301

.358
.385
.366
.347
.369
.302

48.0
45.4
49.8 ^ 46.8
48.0
42.5
52.1
47.0
48.4
40.4
48.0
42.0

95
94
88
90
83
87

16.08
19.27
17.38
18.65
16.70
14.45

16.26
18.04
15.53
16.30
14.91
12.68

4
3
4
2

70
62
248
145

5.8
5.9
5.5
5.6

.327
.359
.328
.411

.353
.360
.321
.446

49.8
49.3
48.8
51.2

44.8
47.7
42.7
44.6

90
97
87
87

16.28
17.70
16.01
21.04

15.84
17.16
13.69
19.91

78

6,595

5.6

.347

.359

49.5

44.7

90

17.18

16.05

FEMALES

California.....................
Colorado................. .
Connecticut and Mas­
sachusetts1...............
Florida and Maryland.
Illinois..........................
Indiana........................
Iow a.......................... .
Kansas.........................
Michigan.....................
Minnesota and South
Dakota1...................
Missouri......................
Nebraska.....................
New York...................
Ohio.............................
Oklahoma............. ......
Oregon and Washing­
ton 1..........................
Pennsylvania..............
Texas...........................
Wisconsin............... .
Total..................

1 Shown together to avoid presenting data for 1 plant in one State.




54

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

GENERAL TABLES

In addition to the text tables already shown, four general tables
are presented.
In these tables segregation of information is made by district as
follows:
District 1.— Chicago.
District 2.—Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and
St. Joseph.
District 3.— Austin (Minn.), Cedar Rapids, Des Moines, Mason
City, Milwaukee, Ottumwa, Sioux City, Sioux Falls, South St. Paul,
Topeka, Waterloo, and Wichita.
District 4.—Dallas, Houston, Oklahoma City, and Fort Worth.
District 5.—Buffalo, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis,
and Pittsburgh.
District 6.—Boston, New Haven, New York, Springfield (Mass.),
and Philadelphia.
District 7.—Baltimore and Jacksonville.
District 8.—Denver, Los Angeles, Portland, San Francisco,
Seattle, and Tacoma.
T a b l e A.— Average hours and earnings and classified basic or
regular hours per week, 1925, by department, occupation, sex, and
district.
This table shows for 1925 for each occupation in each department
and district the number of establishments and of employees, average
number of days worked by employees, average basic or regular full­
time hours per week, average hours actually worked in one week,
number of employees in each group of classified basic or regular full­
-time hours per week, average rate of wages and earnings per hour,
average earnings in one week, and average basic or regular full­
time rate of wages per week.
T a b l e B.— Average and classified rates of wages per hour for
employees in 31 typical occupations, 1925, by department, sex, and
district.
T a b l e C.—Average and classified hours actually worked in one
week by employees ia 31 typical occupations, 1925, by department,
sex, and district.
T a b l e D.— Average and classified earnings actually made in one
week by employees in 31 typical occupations, 1925, by department,
sex, and district.
Table C shows the hours actually worked and Table D shows the
earnings actually received by employees in the occupation in one
week.




T a ble A . —

AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT

[District 1, Chicago. District 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph. District 3, Austin (Minn.), Cedar Rapids, Des Moines, Mason City, Milwaukee,
Ottumwa, Sioux City, Sioux Falls, South St. Paul, Topeka, Waterloo, and Wichita. District 4, Oklahoma City, Dallas, Fort Worth, and Houston. District 5, Buffalo, Cin­
cinnati, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, and Pittsburgh. District 6, Boston, New Haven, New York, Philadelphia, and Springfield (Mass.). District 7, Baltimore and
Jacksonville. District 8, Denver, Los Angeles, Portland, San Francisco, Seattle, and Tacoma]
C A TTLE -K ILLIN G DE PA RTM E N T

Sex, occupation, and district

Average
Aver­
Num­ Num­ num­
age
ber of basic or
ber of ber of
days •
estab­ emworked regular
lish­ ployby em- hours
ments
per
week
m one
week

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
Over
Over
regular Un­
48
54
hours der
Over
48
and
54
and
worked 48
60
under
under
64

Aver-

per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

in one
week

$0,511
.440
.443
.427
.459
.497
.500

$0,516
444
450
431
455
532
483

$27.56
24.39
22.45
21.79
25.36
21.53
30.21

.468

473

24.64

.502
.546
.512
.482
.515
.510

.533
.549
.535
.534
.532
.521

29.14
26.39
27.09
26.14
19.98
23.99

.516

.537

26.47

rate
of

Aver­

MALES

Drivers and penners:
District 1..........................
District 2..........................
District 3.............. ...........
Districts 4 and 7.............
District 5______________
District 6-........................
District 8.........................

6.0
5.9
5.8
6.0
6.0
5.1
6.8
178

Total________________




53

79

53.4
54.9
49.9
50.6
55.7
40.5
62.5

105
101
98
100
101
84
129

5.8

51.7

52.1

101

5.7
5.6
5.8
5.7
4.3
5.5

Total________________
Knockers:
District 1______________
District 2__________ ___
District 3..........................
Districts 4 and 7.............
District 5..........................
District 8.........................

51.1
54.1
50.7
50.4
55.2
48.0
48.4

50.1
49.6
49.1
50.9
43.4
49.5

54.7
48.1
50.6
48.9
37.6
46.1

109
97
103
96
87

5.6

49.2

49.3

100

18

102

54

25

17

35

T abl e A . —

AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

«£
05

C A T T L E -K IL L IN G DEPARTM EN T—Continued

Sex, occupation, and district

_

Total..................................................................
Headers:
DKtript 2
Tii^triot 3
T iic t r i nt fi
■nictript ft
T lic ffip t *
7




_

. . . -t,

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,526
.518
.524
.456
.495
1.029
.574
.543

$26.53
26.17
26.14
20.49
25.26
34.31
30.25
26.57

$23.81
25.20
24.75
20.54
25.38
50.98
29.14
26.29

.897 __ .963

33.38

43.06

.603
.601
.577
.491
.588
.593
__ .580

.624
.620
.590
.480
.592
.599
.591

30.60
35.65
29.21
23.60
28.79
27.09
29.50

30.75
31.01
28.04
26.86
30.40
29.35
29.41

.616
.661
.607
.595
.611
.845
.503
.539
.632.

.636
.663
.639
.589
.610
.961
.503
.548
.641

32.76
32.00
29.25
27.81
34.04
27.95
27.67
27.71
30.80

30.98
32.85
30.35
28.86
34.22
40.56
27.67
27.11
31.60

5.6
5.7
5.8
5.1
5.6
4.8
6.0
5.6

49.6
50.1
49.4
48.0
51.8
48.0
51.4
49.7

7
1
$0,480
23
102
50.4
.503
8
15
101
50.5
3
.501
10
101
49.9
.428
7
44.9
94
1
.490
99
2
2
51.1
1.062
69
6
33.3
.567
1 _____
1
2 ......... .........
103
1
52.7
.529
49.0 ____ 99_ ___ 1_ __ 64_ ___ 2_ __ 19_ ___ 3_ ___ 1_

4.7

48.0

34.7

72

4
3
6
2
6
4
25

4
5
10
3
7
4
33

5.5
6.0
6.0
5.3
5.7
5.5
5.8

51.0
51.6
48.6.
54.7
51.7
49.5
50.7

49.0
57.5
49.5
49.2
48.6
45.3
49.9

96
111
102
90
94
92
98

9
12
11
5
3
3
2
6
51

27
43
19
11
3
6
3
8
120

5.8
5; 5
5.1
5.8
6.0
4.3
6.0
6.0
5.5

50.3
49.7
50.0
48.5
56.0
48.0
55.0
50.3
50.0

51.5
48.3
45.8
47.2
55.8
29.1
55.0
50.6
48.1

102
97
92
97
100
61
100
101
96

___ 3_
2
3
1
1

2
2
9
4
3
20

1
1

2

1
8

2

17
31
13
10
1
6

9
12
4
1

5
83 -------

3
29

2
2

1
2
2
3
6

2 -- - - - -

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

INDUSTRY

..
_______„ „ __

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

PACKING

_

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
Over
Over
of
regular
54
48
Over wages
hours Un­
per
54
and
60
48
and
60
worked der
hour
under
under
48
60
54

MEAT

Stickers:
'nicfrirt 1
Titetrirt 2
T)istriot 3
TiiQlriVtQ 4 and 7
District S

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

AD
N

males —continued
Sbacklers or slingers:
6
31
District 1
_ .....................
11
23
District 2
8
13
District 3
-4
7
District 4
5
5
District 5
3
6
T>ist.rirt fi
5
4
Districts 7 and 8-------------------------------- --------Total.................................................................. ___ 41_ ___ 90
Head holders:
3
3
Districts 1 and 6____________________________

Aver­
age
basic or
regular
hours
per
week

SLAUGHTERING

Aver­
age
T*Tnm NYim- num­
ber of
ber of ber of days
estab­ em­ worked
lish­ ploy­
ments ees by em­
ployees
in one
week

15
21
14
5

5.9
5.8
5.7
5.8
5.8
4.4
6.0

50.4
50.3
49.9
48.0
52.2
48.0
49.0

52.4
51.4
53.4
47.3
51.7
29.9
51.3

104
102
107
99
99
62
105

13
10
5
4
8
1

Total_______________

40

75

5.7

50.0

49.4

99

50

40
17
8
10

5.4
5.3
5.5
5.6
5.1
5.0
5.2

49.3
49.4
50.2
48.0
50.6
55.0
48.7

48.3
47.5
48.1
43.8
42.4
43.7
42.7

98
96
96
91.
84
79

24
31
11
8
7

117

5.4

49.6

46.7

94

35
15
11
13
8

5.3
5.6
5.3
5.5
5.5
4.5
6.0

50.1
50.0
50.3
48.9
51.6
48.0
49.1

46.5
49.7
43.8
43.8
49.5
32.0
48.8

93
99
87
90
96
67

181

5.4

49.9

46.3

Rippers-open:
Districts 1 and 2______
District 3.........................
District 8.......................

13
2
2

5.8
6.0

6.0

49.8
48.0
51.0

51.0
57.3

106
94
112

Total...........................

17

5.9

49.8

52.9

106

Foot skinners:
District 1_____________
District 2________ ____
District 3______________
District 4.......................
Districts 5 and 6............
District 7.......................
District 8.......................
Total...........................
Leg breakers:
District 1.......................
District 2_____________
District 3_____ ________
Districts 4 and 7............
District 5.......................
District 6.......................
District 8.......................
Total....... ...................

5
12

44

13
13

55

125

Gullet raisers:
District 1.............. .........
District 2 . . . . . ___ —__
.
District 3_________ ____
Districts 4, 6, and 8___

2
7
2
3

11
2
3

6.0
6.0
6.0
5.7

48.0
50.7
48.0
48.0

53.0
54.0
47.5
45.0

14

21

6.0

49.4

51.9

105




25.28
25.96
27.41
20.42
25.36
21.23
30.06

.493

.512

25.31

.501
.479
.494
.468
.563
.498
.494

.524
.485
.510
.474
.670
.507
.508

25.32
23.03
24.53
20.73
21.68

24.70
23.66
24.80
22.46
28.49
27.39
24.06

.495

.515

24.01

24.55

12
23
9
1

.531
.517
.531
.494

.556
.526
.541
.512

.607

25.88
26.17
23.67
22.42
29.18
27.71
29.40

26.60
25.85
26.71
24.16
30.08
41.42
29.80

.556

25.83

27.74

29.08
31.99
30.40

26.94
26.06
25.50

17

47

.541
.543
.500
12

110
107

Total_______________

.482
.505
.514
.432
.491
.709

18

46
19
13
6
13
5

.468
.496
.501
.430
.485
.531
.594

.536
.456
.483
.455
.562

94
16

.553
.627
.531

.485

22.13

23.59
24.95
25.00
20.64
25.32
25.49
29.11
24.65

TABLES

6
10
6
4
8
3
3

GENERAL

Droppers and pritehers-up:
District 1.......................
District 2______ ______
District 3______ _______
District 4.......................
District 5.......................
District 6.......................
District 8............ ...........

29.58

.485
.583
.493

24.83
27.69
22.19

21.89
24.49
21.84
23.96

Ox

T a ble

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT,. OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

Cji
00

C A TT L E -K IL L IN G D E PA RTM E N T—Continued

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
Over
Over
of
regular Un­
wages
54
48
hours der
54
and
60 Over
per
48
and
60
worked 48
under
hour
under
54
60

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full*
time
week

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,520 $0,589
.515
.525
.512
.645
.489
.495
.506
.500
.588
.817
.505
.500

$32.74
27.60
27.68
20.44
27.98
23.50
27.44

$25.22
26.01
25.19
23.76
27.50
28.22
25.00

AD
N

males —continued

11
22
11
4
2
2
3

6.0
5.8
5.6
5.3
5.5
4.5
6.0

48.5
50.5
49.2
48.0
55.0
48.0
50.0

55.6
52.6
50J
41.8
55.8
28.8
54.8

115
104
103
87
101
60
109

10
13
9
4

1
9
1
1

2
2

32

55

5.7

49.7

51.4

103

40

10
13
14
5
6
3
2
9

67
90
39
23
17
14
3
19

5.7
5.6
5.7
5.5
5.6
4.4
6.0
5.7

49.9
50.0
50.1
49.0
52.5
48.0
55.0
48.8

50.1
49.8
48.6
44.7
48.9
30.4
55.0
46.9

100
100
97
91
93
63
100
96

46
60
26
19
9
14
1

62

272

5.6

49.9

48.1

96

1

189

6
11
8

16
29
11

5.7
5.7
5.8

50.2
49.7
49.7

4

4

6.0

52.7
50.8
50.5
46.3
51.3
36.6

105
102
102
96
101
76




5
3

5
5

5.6
5.0

48.0

50.8
48.0

1

3
5

1
2

6
3

3

1

65

9

6
9
2

2

1

4

2

10
20
8
4

12
19
30
9
4

15

Total..................................................................

1
1

1

6

1

.515

.545

27.98

25.60

.820
.835
.837
.817
.723
1.457
.697
.769

.859
.849
.862
.816
.732
1.443
.697
.771

43.04
42.27
41.90
36.51
35.79
43.85
38.35
36.14

40.92
41.75
41.93
40.03
37.96
69.94
38.34
37.53

.849

.856

41.12.

42.37

.518
.525
.498
.460
.500
.629

.535
.529
.521
.477
.503
.712

28.22
26.89
26.33
22.04
25.92
26.07

26.00
26.09
24.75
22.08
25.40
30.19

INDUSTRY

Total............................................... .................
Floormen or siders:
District 1„ . ta
_
.......
. . . . _____
District 2____ __ ___________________________
District 3________ _________________ ________
District 4-.____ . . . _______ _____ _____ _______
District 5—_________ ____ ___________________
District 6 .- -* .... ____ . ____ ____ ___________
District 7-__ . . . . __ * __ __________ ________
District 8__________________________________

1

PACKING

3
11
7
4
2
2
3

MEAT

Caul pullers:
__ —___ . . . ___
District
_
District 2___......________ ___ __ ______ ___ _
District 3.______________ _______ ____ ______
District 4...____ . ____ _____ ______ ___ ___ __
District 5^_- _—________ - _____________ - __
District 6-...______ . ___ - _____ _____________
District 8**...

Breast or brisket breakers and sawyers:
District 1___
.
__ . . . . . _
_
District 2 . . .
.
____
District 3.
District4______ ___ _ . . . _______ _ ____
_
District 5 . . . ___ _
_
_____
District 6...................... *......................................

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
Num­ Num­ ber of
age
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
lish­ ploy­
hours
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week

District 8................. .
Total............

.531

22.29

25.49

.522

.634

26.46

25.94

%
2
1

.525
.499
.370
.403
.466
.595

.535
.605
.517
.417
.481

27.65
24.81
16.16
22.90
26.77

24.50
18.60
19.34
23.77
129.75

.499

.524

23.28

24.80

.465
.494
.464
.421
.411
.537

.476
.496
.478
.428
.414

23.15
24.48
22.28
14.79
18.07
22.60

23.16
24.75
22.74

.475

.494

22.48

23.47

.500
.512
.594
.432
.458
.515

.530
.518
.616
.435
.460
.786

27.78
26.25
28.70
18.65
20.83
22.60

25.05
25.65
29.70
20.74
22.30
24.72

.510

.531

25.60

25.40

.728
.739
.744

35.25
36.41
36.38
31.75
37.67
60.72
37.66

41.5

5.6

49.7

49.5

100

5.8
5.5
3.3
4.0
5.8
5.0

50.4
49.1
50.0
48.0
51.0
50.0

51.7
49.1
29.3
28.0
47.6
37.2

103
100

5.2

49.7

44.4

89

21

98
98
95
72

31
31
22
10
10
17

11
18
3

121

32

74

20
7
14
9
4
3

44
50
26
10
11
17

5.4
5.6
5.5
4.5
6.0
4.6

49.8
50.1
49.0
48.0
49.1
48.0

48.6
49.3
46.6
34.6
43.7
32.7

Total-—. . . ...........

40

158

5.4

49.4

45.5

4

12
17

6.8
5.7
5.3
5.3
6.0
4.5

50.1
60.1
50.0
48.0
48.7
48.0

52.4
50.6
46.6
42.8
45.3

105
101

7
3

7
U
5

89
93

Total___ . . . . ___ ..
Bumpers:
District X__________
District 2..................
District 3..................
District 4..................
District 5__________
District 6..................
District 8..................

29

48

5.6

49.8

48.2

97

33

12

7
12
12
4
5

20
33
21
6
5
4
8

6.7
5.9
5.7
5.7
5.8
4.5
5.4

50.5
50.5
49.5
49.0
53.2
48.0
48.4

49.1
53.0
48.6
44.8
50.6
29.5
41.5

97
105
98
01
95
61
86

12
19
16
5
2
4

6
14
3
1

Total......................
Fell cutters:
District 1...............
District 2.................
Districts 3 and 8.......
District 4...................
District 6...................

49

97

5.7

60.1

48.7

97

64

11
7
4
3

24
45
13
7
6

5.3
5.?
5.6
5.6
4.2

50.0
49.9
48.5
48.0
48.0

46.7
51.2
49.3
44.4

93
103
102
93

94

6.6

49.5

48.1

97

Total......................




11.68

20.21

20.18
25.78

.721
.735
.648
.708
1.265
.778

.714
1.282
.782

.666

35.71
39.21
36.18
29.85
36.12
37.82
32.44

25

.741

.749

16.48

37.12

16
31
11
7
5

14
2

.672
.555
.590
.569
1.089

.597
.665
.600
.592
1.142

27.88
25.11
29.56
26.29
32.67

28.60
27.69
28.62
27.31
52.27

70

24

.594

.598

28.74

29.40

TABLES

Total____________
Hoisters:
District 1................. .
Districts 2 and 8___
District 3................. .
District 4................. .
District 5__________
District 6................. .

IQ

54

GENERAL

48.0

74
5
11
3
2
4
3

Crotch breakers:
District 1................
District 2................. .
District 3................. .
District 4................. .
District 5^................
Districts 6 and 8___

Tail, rippers and pullers:
District 1................. .
District 2.........*____
Districts 3 and 8.......
District 4................. .
District 5....... ..........
District 6..................

.537

17

5.0
40

Of

T abl e

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

a>

°

C A TTLE -K ILLIN G DEPARTM ENT—Continued

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
Over
Over
of
regular Un­
54
wages
48
hours der
per
and
54
and
60 Over
48
60
worked 48
under
under
hour
54
60

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,454
.481
.466
.441
.433
.630

$0,474
.488
.482
.447
.440
.757

$24.04
25.20
24.68
18.26
19.95
25.55

$22.20
23.86
23.86
21.17
22.00
29.80

.473

.488

23.62

23.22

.757
.777
.776
.750
.628
1.339
.707

.790
.783
.807
.756
.631
1.335
.706

40.67
39.57
35.38
27.79
32.11
40.38
35.08

38.23
38.69
38.26
36.00
32.47
64.27
35.14

.782
.773
— ...... — " ..... ...
■
i■

38.08

38.50

.586
.560
.675
.508
.591
.754
.643

29.53
28.31
27.75
19.55
29.31
22.73
22.94

28.75
27.19
28.06
24.84
31.18
30.05
25.98

48.9
49.6
48.9
48.0
52.0
47.3

50.7
51.7
51.2
40.8
45.3
33.8

104
104
105
85
87
71

Total
Backers:
District 1
............
Distript 2
T>istrir»t 3
Tiistript 4
Districts 5 and 7
.
... ... ..
District fi
District 8..............................................................

24

65

5.6

49.1

48.4

99

10
13
9
4
7
2
6

27
33
19
9
9
4
7

5.8
5.6
5.8
4.9
5.9
4.5
5.9

50.5
49.8
49.3
48.0
51.7
48.0
49.7

51.5
50.5
49.7
36.8
50.9
30.3
49.7

Total
..................... ............
Gutters and bung droppers:
District 1
nifitrifit, 2
"District 3
4 and 7
District 5
District 6
District 8...............................................................

51

108

5.6

49.8

48.7

10
11
12
5
7
3
7

23
38
21
10
12
8
9

5.7
5.7
5.6
5.0
5.6
4.3
5.2

50.7
49.7
50.1
48.7
53.3
48.0
49.3

50.4
50.5
48.3
38.5
49.6
30.1
42.3

55

121

Total..

_

_

. . __ _________ ___ _______ . . . . . _




5.5
50.1
J
------ - I---- ...I ..M

47.1

1
1
■— ■

3
6
1

53

10

16
23
15
9
5
4
5

102
101
101
77
98
63
100

TJistript 4
District S
TllQtfintQ ft qtiH ft

16
17
6
9
2
3

10
10
3

1

1

1
1
1
1

2

2

77
1
2
23
5
98
. ■ - ...... . ■ ■■ ■--- ------- - = = = = = —
■
> ■
9
13
1
99
11
27
102
14
5
2
96
9
1
79
5
5
93
2
8
63
7
2
86
94

...

83

2
--------

27

4

5

=====

.567
.547
.560
.510
.585
.626
.527

.575
27.05
27.86
.556
■ ■ ■ = = = = = = = = = - . . .....
•
s

INDUSTRY

5.6
5.8
5.6
5.3
5.7
5.0

PACKING

19
23
7
9
3
4

MEAT

3
9
3
4
2
3

_

AD
N

males —continued

Fell pullers and beaters:
T)istript 1
District 2

SLAUGHTERING

Aver­
age
nnm- Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
lish­ ploy­ by em­ hours
ments ees ployees per
week
in one
week

Shank skinners:
District 1__________________ . ___ ___________
District 2,____________________. . . ..................
District 3*__________________ _______________
Districts 1. 5. and 8
Total______________________
Hide droppers:
District l
___
District 2____ ___ __________________________
District 3______________________________ ____
District 4 - - ________________________________
District 5_____________________________ _____
District 6_____ . ____________________________
District 7__________________________________
District 8
___
_ _ _ _
Total.........................................

Total......... ...............................
Splitters:
District l __
District 2________________________________ .
District 3 . . . . . . _____________________________
District 4__ . . . . ________ __ ______________ . .
_
District 5______ ____________________________
District 6______ ______ . . . . . _________________
District 7 . . . . _____________________________ _
District &

Total........................................
Chuck splitters:
District 1____ . . . . . . . . . . . . ___________________
District 2________ . . . . . _______ . . . . __ ______
_
District 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ___ _________ __ ____
District 4 . . . . . . .
___ ___ . . . . ______ ___ ___
District 5____ ___ _______ ______________ ____
District

8

Total.........................................




2
2
2

1

26

6

95
107
92
98
95
61
105
96

15
37
15
10
7
10

10
14
5

4a 4

97

99

51.0
5a 0
49.9
48.0
52.7
48.0
49.5

51.7
51.9
50.4
48.0
47.7
29.2
47.3

101
104
101
100
91
61
96

12
29
14
8
5
5
3

5.7

50.2

49.8

99

76

31
49
28
11
8
9
3
10

5.9
5.9
5.6
5.8
5.6
4.4
6.0
4.9

50.8
49.9
49.6
48.0
51.3
48.0
55.0
50.1

51.9
53.5
48.4
49.2
45.9
29.8
58.3
40.0

102
107
98
103
89
62
106
80

17
32
21
11
5
9
1

5

57

149

5.7

50.0

49.3

99

1

100

8
12
7
4
5

17
25
8
4
6

5.8
5.8
6.0
5.8
5.5

50.1
50.2
49.6
48.0
50.3

51.4
52.1
53.6
49.1
50.1

103
104
108
102

11
16
6
4

100

4

2

3

6 .0

52.0

57.2

no

1

38

63

5.8

50.0

51.9

104

42

6
15
10
3

6.0
5.5
4.9
5.7

50.0
48.8
IS 2
51.0

53.0
48.3
45.4
48.7

106
99
92
95

17

34

5.4

49.3

4& 3

98

8
12
12
4
6
3
2
7

26
51
21
10
10
10
4
7

5.5
5.9
5.4
5.9
5.9
4.4
6.0
5.9

50.6
49.7
49.8
48.0
50.6
48.0
55.0
49.7

48.2
53.2
45.8
46.9
47.9
29.2
57.5
47.8

54

139

5.6

49.8

8
12
10
4
5
3
4

23
43
20
8
11
5
4

5.8
5.8
5.8
5.9
5.5
4.2
5.5

46

114

9
12
13
4
6
3
2
8

1

2a 52
24.06
23.98
33.93

26.35
23.81
25.29
36.11

.522

.532

25.69

25.73

2

.625
.609
.622
.599
.636
1.273
.601
.604

.630
.625
.655
.591
.640
1.272
.609
.603

30.33
33.26
30.04
27.70
30.67
37.14
35.00
28.80

31.63
3a 27
30.98
28.75
32.18
61.10
33.06
30.02

2

.663

.655

31.74

33.02

.556
.529
.554
.521
.493
.650
.513

.569
.538
.574
.518
.494
.933
.512

29.40
27.90
28.90
24.89
23.57
27.26
24.18

28.36
2a 45
27.64
25.01
25.98
31.20
25.39

4

.540

.547

27.59

27.11

2

2
1

.538
.498
.528
.697

1

.821
.835
.819
.820
.688
1.452
.769
.779

.851
.848
.838
.824
.695
1.427
.777
.821

44.17
45.41
40.60
4a 50
31.93
42.50
45.34
32.84

4L 71
41.67
40.62
39.36
35.29
69.70
42.30
39.03

2

.852

.855

42.14

42.60

.569
.567
.634
.578

.605
.585
.649
.588

31.10
30.47
34.77
28.90

28.51
2a 46
31.45
27.74

1
1

1

5

.527
.488
.514
.708

4

31

6

9
14
4

2
2
4

2
1
28

4

12
17
5

2

2
2

1
3
4
1

38
6
9
1

7

1
1

1

.559
.483

.564
.498

28.24
2a 46

1

.572

.593

30.78

2
1

18

1

2a 12

25.12
2a

60

GENEBAIi TABLES

Tail sawyers:
District 1 _
District 2____ _____ _________________ ___ __
District 3__ __ _____________________________
District 4____ ___________________________ __
District 5___ ________________ ____ _____ . . . . .
District 6 ..__ . . . __________. . . ______________
District 8

1

4
13
8
1

4
7
3
3

T abl e

A .—AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

®
^

C A TT L E -K IL L IN G D E PA RTM E N T—Continued

'

'

57.1
55.5
49.1
49.0
4&5
29.0
53.0
50.9

112
111
98
100
90
60
109
102

49.7
50.1
49.4
48.3
48.5
48.0
48.0
49.5

52 6
53.8
48.4
44.0
45.7
33.1
41.0
49.9

5.4
5.8
5.2
5.7
5.9
5.6

51.5
53.6
60.7
53.5
52.4

51.1
53.6
46.5
46.5
50.3
54.6

99
100
92
87
96
98
95

55.8

4

7
5
4
2
3
3
1
_ 28_
_
1

106
107
98
91
94
69
85
101

5.8

49.6

47.0

5.6

52.5

49.8 ___ 95 -- ----

Over
48
and
under
U

54

3
3
1
1

Over
54
and
under
60

1
1

1
9 ___ 2_ ___ 1_

20
8
22
42
4
1
17
21
1
2
6
5
3
114 ___ 2^ __ 34_ ___ 2_
8
3
12
2
8

10
16
7
22
20

4

6
3

8

41

1

20

2

2
3

64

10

7 _____
3
12 ~ r —

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,499
.492
.527
.460
.431
.603
.466
.494

$0,540
.514
.539
.482
.434
.832
.476
.521

$30.80
28.52
26.43
23.60
20.19
24.13
25.43
26.52

$25.50
24.60
26.30
22.63
22.20
28.94
22.65
24.65

.456
.489
.479
.441
.466
.619
.584
.479

Over
60

1

1
1

60

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

.481
.501
.506
.447
.469
.738
.592
.496

25.29
26.93
24.50
19.69
20.24
24.43
24.26
24.74

22.66
24.50
23.66
21.30
22.60
29.71
28.03
23.71

.565
.592
.606
.513
.766
.419

.613
.601
.610

.429

.494

.511

.602

.604

81.20
32.25
28.37
24.32
38.71
23.44
23.98
30.64

29.10
31.73
30.72
27.45
40.14
23.38
24.60
31.61

.523
.768

INDUSTRY

5.9
5.9
5.5
5.5
5.6
4.8
5.0
5.7

48

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
rate
of
wages
per
hour

PACKING

51.1
49.8
49.9
49.2
51.5
48.0
48.6
49.9

Per
cent of
basic or
regular Un­
hours der
worked 48

MEAT




6.0
6.0
5.7
5.8
5.8
4.3
&8
5.8

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—

AD
N

males—continued
Scribers:
0
8
District 1
8
10
District 2
- - 7
7
District 3
.. ..
5
5
District 4
4
3
District 5
3
District fl
3
5
5
District 8...............................................................
36 ___ 42,
T otal...,............................................................
Trimmers of bruises, rounds, necks, skirts, and
tails:
4
28
District i
64
13
District 2
7
22
District 3
-1
5
22
Districts 4 and 7
2
8
District 5
5
2
District 6
3
2
District 8.............................................................
152
85
Total___ *___________________________ ____
Utility men:
8
19
District 1
9
21
District 2
21
10
Districts 3 and 6
4
24
District 4
39
8
District 5
_
_
3
12
District 7i
11
4
D istricts..............................................................
3.47
T o t a l.............................................................. ___ 46^

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
miTri- Aver­
Num­
age
Num­
ber of basic or
ber of ber of days
em­ worked regular
estab­
lish­ ploy­ by em­ hours
ments ees ployees per
week
In one
week

Washers and wipers:
District 1............
District 2............
District 3............
District.-*______
Districts_______
District 6_______
District 7............
District 8............

9
13
15
5
7
3
2
7

Carcass wipers, bruise and tail trimmers, and neckrag inserters:
Districts 1 and 3....... .........................................
District 2...................... .......................................
Total.....................................................- .........




8
11
8
4
8
2
4

48.5
51.0 i
45.2
32.1
45.3
29.0
51.4
51,3

5.3

50.1

5
21
15
6
4
2
53

5.8
5.8
5.5
6.0
5.3
3.5
5.6

181
340
142
119
51
62
13
41
949
25
31
31
10
10
8
6
121

12
13

95
102
91
67
93
104
92

52.8
48.6
49.7
49.0
54.3
51.0
49.9

51.0
50.0
47.9
48.8
55.1
28.3
48.9

97
103
96
100

5.6
6.7
6.2
5.1
5.1
4.9
4.8
5.2
5.5

50.4
50.3
50.4
50.5
52.9
48.4
57.5
48.7
50.2

51.6
52.1
46.5
40.5
45.7
37.5
44.5
44.7
48.1

102

5.5
5.1
5.4
4.5
4.8
4.6
5.8
5.2

51.7
50.7
49.9
48.6
52.7
48.0
49.0
50.4

49.7
45. e
47.4
36.1

96
90
95
74
85
73
117

5.7
5.7
5.7

48.0
50.3
49.2

.438
.438
.457
.364
.425
.652
.427
.462

21.28
22.32

66

177

.436
.428
.436
.351
.421
.475
.426
.450
.423

.440

20.18

21.19

.506
.501
.480
.449
.504
.813

.518
.501
.510
.448
.525
.870
.509

26.37
25.06
24.43
21.83
28.96
24.59
24.92

26.72
24.35
23.86

.437
.431
.426
.360
. 428
.471
.320
.417

.470
.440
.451
.364
.432
.547
.331
.415

24.23
23.06
20.98
14.74
19.77
20.53
14.70
18.58
21.32

22.02
21.47
18.18
22.64
22.70
18.40
20.31
21.28

.449
.430
.435
.304
.428
.504
.448
.435

.469
.438
.452
.375
.428
.625
.464
. 455

23.30
19.99
21.41
13.55
19.09
21.93
26.59
20.89

23.21
21.80
21.71
17.69
22.56
24.19
21.95
21.92

.340
.342
.341

.340
.354
.348

15.83
18.83
17.39

16.32
17.20
16.78

“io‘

45.9

44. e

35.1
57.3
45.9

46.5
53.1

101

55

104
92
80
86
77
77
92
96

1
19
11
5
1
1
38 i

1

112
110

212
60
21
80

~36~
611
10
17
22
9
3

12

1
11
57
128
25
59

12
20

12

.....
.....

”4"
12

276
13
14
4
1

33

97
106
102

22.to
21.44
21.54
16.92
22.23
22.80
23.43
22.23

24
24
12
1

24
44
53
30
11
5

17
2
7

~24~

20.66

11.38
19.23
18.90
21.91

22.00

27.37
41.46
25.05

21.68

TABLES

Truckers:
District 1_______
District 2_______
District 3_______
District 4_______
District 5_______
District 6_ ____
_
District 8___.___
Total...............

10
13
12
6

51.1
50.1
49.4
48.2
52.8
48.0
55.0
49.4

GENERAL

Laborers:
District 1_______
District 2_______
District 3______
District
........
District 5______
District 6_______
District 7_______
District 8_______
Total_________

11
5
4
2
34

31
22
5
4
17

5.5
5.7
5.2
4.0
5.2
4.2
6.0
5.9

264

Total................
Tonguers:
District 1_______
District 2_______
District 3______
District 4______
District 5______
Districts 6 and 8.
Total________

49

Oi
CO

T able

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

<j»
^

HOG -K ILLIN G DEPA RTM E N T

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
of
Over
Over
regular Un­
54
wages
48
hours der
per
and
60 Over
and
54
48
60
worked 48
hour
under
under
60
54

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,449
.430
.412
.355
.443
.431
.441
.414
.426

$0.456
.443
.416
.352
.449
.440
.439
.450
.433

$21.71
20.66
17.76
14.41
21.34
20.04
25.21
21.67
19. 56

$23.26
21.41
21.01
17.04
23.35
24.18
24.26
20.82
22.02

.568
.536
.562
.488
.534
.516
.550
.491
.548

.578
.532
.561
.507
.540
.517
.550
.522
.548

25.81
22.35
25.71
20.03
24.57
26.97
27.31
22.33
24.75

29.76
27.66
28.44
23.42
27.82
29.82
30.25
24.30
28.50

.627
.619
.643
.607
.622
.600
.615
.598
.623

.645
.615
.641
.572
.627
.612
.613
.614
.627

29.43
26.97
28.62
21.46
31.97
28.82
32.54
28.62
29.08

33.17
31.32
32.34
29.14
33.39
33.84
33.83
29.60
32.32

SLAUGHTERING

Aver­
age
nmn- Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week

MALES

District 1
District 2

_

District 3

.......

District 6District 6-

— — _______________
.
___

District 4

District 7

D istrict^ --........................... ..............................
Total..................................................................




8
14
16
2
12
4
2
5
63

23
28
39
2
30
11
4
6
143

8
13
16
3
12
5
2
6
65

11
14
19
3
19
5
2
6
79

5.8
5.8
5.2
5.7
5.7
5.3
5.7
5.8
5.5
5.6
5.8
5.6
5.5
5.6
5.9
5.3
5.2
5.6

51.8
49.8
51.0
48.0
52.7
56.1
55.0
50.3
51.7
52.4
51.6
50.6
48.0
52.1
57.8
55.0
49.5
52.0

52.9
5.7
50.6
5.8
50.3
5.6
48.0
5.0
53.6
5.9
56.4
5.2
55.0
5.5
49.5
5.5
5.7 _ 51.8
_

47.6
46.7
42.7
41.0
47.5
45.6
57.4
48.1
45.2
44.7
42.0
45.8
39.5
45.5
52.1
49.7
42.8
45.2

92
94
84
85
90
81
104
96
87
85
81
91
82
87
90
90
86
87

45.6
86
43.9
87
89
44.6
37.5
78
95
50.9
84
47,1
97
53.1
94
46.6
46.4 ____ 90

2
12
3
17

5S==
5
1
6

2
1
3

47
73
253
3
40
10
1
427
8
20
25
2
7
3
65
4
8
13
3
4
1
3
36

33
34
54
25

13

7
29

47

41

22

-

47
25

3

132

3

7

7

70

13
8
8

25

5
155

4

2

1

10
7

4
2
35
5
6
4

4

4

1
2
18

2

4
9

21
2

1

1

1

8
3

2
4

14 .........

INDUSTRY

District 8....... .......................................................
Total....... ..........................................................
Stickers:

93
109
395
3
131
67
22
9
829

PACKING

■District 7

8
14
16
3
12
6
2
4
65

MEAT

District 2
District 3
________________ ___ _
District 4
District 5
__ ____ __________ ____ ___
District 6
. . _ _____
District 7
District 8............ .................................................
Total..................................................................
Shacklers:
D istrict!
..................................
Distrifit 2
District 3
_____________ ___
District 4
District 5
_ _ __ _____ _________ ___
_
___ ______ _
District 6

AD
N

Laborers:1

Scalders: *
DistrietU______
District 2.______
District 3—-------District 4 .. .____
. District 8............
District 6—_____
District 7.______
District 8______ _
Total_________

72
31
12
12

5.7
5.7
5.4
4.3
5.-6
5.7
5.?
6.0

52.2
50.2
50* 1
48.6
53.4
56.9
55.0
50.3

47.3
42; 3
44.6
29:6
46.9
51.5
52.3
50.7

304

5.5

61.9

45.8

5.9
5.6
5.5
5.8
6.0
5.6
6.0

52.7
50.9
49.5
6a 8
53.5
56.3
50.3

48.2
41.5
44.5
47.8
45.9
48.4
50.8

23
41
103
JO

68

Hookers-on:*
District 1.___ —
District 2____ —
District 3............
Districts 4 and 7.
District 5______ District 6_______
District8_______

91
84
89
61
88
91
95
101

91
82
90
94
86
86
101

22

214

5.7

51.6

45.2

108

63
135
247
14
145
56
22
23

5.5
5.6
5.5
4.9
5.6
5.2
6.0
5.8

51.8
50.2
50.0
48.0
53.4
55.2
55.0
49.8

41.9
42.3
43.6
33.5
45.8
43.8
60.1
47.6

31
85
179
14
28
15

Total.________

705

5.5

51.4

43.8

5.6
5.7
5.8
5.7
5.8
5.6
5.6

52.3
49.6
50.1
48.0
64.9
60.3

5.7

52.0

45.8

10
36

44.6
42.9
45.8
39.2
49.8
46.8
47.1

Headers:
District 1_______
District 2—_____
District 3_______
District 4_______
District 5.............
District 6............
Districts 7 and 8.
Total_________

61

102

68.2

14

85

20

359

14

.514

23.53

26.11

.499
.478
.439
.448
.467
.487
.468

.507
.482
.452
.452
.474
.494
.500

24.44
19.87
21.59
21.74
23.91
25.35

26.30
24.33
21.73
22.76
24.98
27.42
23.64

45

.463

.470

21.26

23.89

.529
.514
.602
.562
.546
.513
.537
.610

22.20
21.73
21.85
18.85
25.00
22.46
26.91
29.04

26.42
26.25
25.90
24.24
28.89
27.88
29.59
29.93

36

138

54

98

22.89

26.37

27.95
25.29
26.75
24.23
30.10
24.28
28.78

31.22
28.62
28.91
29.18
32.83
30.26
31.85

27.12

30.21

.513
.597
.577
.577
.608
.598
.520
.601

49

21

21

.581

.627
.689
.584
.619
.604
.530
.610

20.00

TABLES

Total-------------

26.88
26.70
24.20
26.44
27.07
29.08
27.78
27.72

.503

58

14

Shavers and scrapers:
District 3
_______
District 2_______
District 3_______
Districts.______
District 5_______
District 6_______
District 7_______
District 8.____ _

25.62
21.79
22,15
16.86
24.13
26.61
26.28
28.60

.510
.503
.495
.505
.641
.605
.538
.601

22

141

.541
.615
.497
.570
.514
.517
.602
.564

.515
.512
.483
.544
.507
.511
.605
.661

i Includes drivers, penners, steamers, singers, washers, aitchbone breakers, and toe pullers.
» Includes tubmen, droppers, gamb cutters, polemen, and duckers.
* Includes hookers-off, hangers-ofl, straighteners, and chain feeders.




Ox

T * ble A .—AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

Oi
o>

H O G -K IL LIN G D E P A RT M E N T —Continued

>.612
.582
.570
.674
.606
.547
.605

$27.77
24.60
25.27
23.46
28.22
26.66
32.94
32.64

$30.83
28.35
28.46
27.55
32.08
30.95
33.28
32.70

26.64

30.00

26.28
24.57
24.09
21.71
27.29
30.40
27.14
25.62

29.62
29.02
27.49
27.26
31.29
29.93
27.54
29.14

31.74
28.34
30.22
23.68
28.83
29.71
38.96
32.13

32.88
31.10
31.15
29.66
32.31
34.27
39.88
31.51
32.08

14

.668

45.1

87

115

6.0
5.7
5.4
5.3
5.5
6.0
5.8
5.6

170

51.fi

.578

52.8
50.2
49.8
48.0
53.4
57.0
51.0
51.4

45.7
41.5
42.5
32.5
46.1
57.3
48.3
44.1

87
83
85
68
86
101
95

2
7
16
3

.561
.578
.552
.568
.586
.525
.540
.567

.575
.592
.566

5.8
5.7
5.7
5.5
5.8
5.0
5.5
6.0
5.7

52.1
50.0
50.0
48.0
52.7
55.9
55.0
50.1
51.5

48.4
45.2
47.9
35.1
46.4
48.0
53.9
49.6
47.1

.631
.622
.623
.618
.613
.613
.725
.629
.623

.655
.627
.631
.674
.622
.619
.723
.648
.635

91

87

46

21

.668

.592
.531
.562
.581

per
full­
time
week

INDUSTRY

>.585
.567
.567
.574
.593
.543
.605

45.4
42.3
44.3
34.8
46.6
48.7
54.4
48.9

Aver­
age
rate of

PACKING

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

5.6

T ota l...*.*___
Ham facers:
District 1............ .
District 2............ .
District 3.............
District 4............ .
Districts 5 and 7_.
District 6.............
District S.............
T otal.._______
Splitters:
District 1_______
District 2............ .
District 3.............
District 4............
District 5.............
District
___
District 7.............
District 8 .. ..........




52.7
50.0
50.2
48.0
54.1
57.0
55.0
49.4

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

MEAT

5.6
5.6
5.5
5.4
5.8
5.7
5.5
6.0

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
of
Over
Over
regular Un­
54
48
Over wages
hours der
per
54
and
and
48
worked 48
hour
under
under
54
60

AD
N

m a l e s —continued
Gutters, bung droppers, and rippers-open:
----- -- U 3_ . . . ..................-.............-............
District .
District 2..
District 3..
District 4..
District 5..
District 6..
District 7..
District 8..

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
nor
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week

LeaMard pullera:
District 1___ -_________________________
District 2......................................................
District# 3 and 4________ . ___. _________
District 6_____________________________
District 6__________________ „__________
District 7..................... .................................
District 8......................................................
Total_______________________________

6
13
17
11
4
2
4

15
19
31
17
11
3
5

5.9
5.8
5.7
5.5
5.2
5.t
5.8

52.4
49.3
50.0
63.6
58.4
55.0
51.0

45.4
43.0
45.5
45.1
46.2
57.1
46.6

87
87
91
84
79
104
91

1

7
15
22
4

1

1

2

49

3

5.7

51.9

45.4

87

3
5
12
10
3
3
36

4
5
27
13
10
8
62

5.8
5.8
5.6
5.9
48
5.0
5.5

48.0
49.2
49.4
53.5
58.2
51.0
51.6

42.3
44.7
44.5
49.4
38.8
42.5
44.4

88
91
90
92
67
83
86

Braise trimmers, head removers, and kidney
pullers:
District 1____________________ _________
District 2____ _____________ _____ . . . . _
_
District 3_____________________________
District 4___ . . . _____ . . . . _____________
.District 5--------------------------. ------- ---------District 6.._____ —_______ ______________
District 7..___________________________ „
District8_______ ______________________
Total_______ _______________________

4
9
15
4
10
3
2
3
50

7
14
46
4
36
17
7
4
135

'5.4
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.6
5.5
5.6
6.0
5.6

51.4
48.4
49.6
48.0
51.4
59.3
55.0
51.0
51.6

42.1
43.2
46.2
39.8
42.8
50.4
54.1
51.6
45.1

82
89
93
83
83
85
98
101
89

Utility men:
District 1_____________________________
District 2............ ................. ........... . . . ____
District 3__________________________ ___
District 4............................ ..... ...................
District 5......................................................
District 6....................... . . . . . . . . . _______•...
Districts 7 and 8____________ ___________
Total........................................ ............... .

8
14
14
2
6
5
a
54

32
54
68
2
17
13
14
200

6.0
5.6
5,7
5.5
5.7
6.0
5.7
5.7

54.9
49.9
49.6
48.0
53.9
57.7
53.4
51.7

46.3
44.6
47.8
4a 3
51.7
57,2
51.2
47.8

84
89
96
84
96
99
96
92

10
37
64
2
7
1
3
114

4
7
10
9
2
3
35

20
26
43
9
6
5
109

5.4
5.5
5.8
5.9
5.3
5.6
6.6

54.6
49.2
52.3
64.3
57.0
52.8
52.4

40.3
39.2
47.5
53.1
42.6
54.8
44.7

74
80
91
98
75
104
85

6
21
20
2

Total— . . , . . ....... ....... ......... ....................... .




4
4
22
4
1
1

34

2

4
13
36
4
18

2

1
1

2
77

49

4

.512
.510
,517
.509
.470
.485
.450

.533
.508
.522
.517
.479
.486
.482

2
1

24.21
21.85
23.74
23.33
22.14
27.72
22.45

26.83
25.14
25.85
27.28
27,45
26,68
22.95

3

4

6

6

19

.504

.512

23.27

26.16

1
2

2

3
2
8

1
5
7

2

13

.463
.455
.433
.488
.421
.417
.441

.466
.469
.436
.483
.427
.446
.451

19.69
20.95
19.40
23.87
16.57
18.95
20.00

22.22
22.39
21.39
25.04
24.50
21.27
22.76

2
1
6

4

21

2

2

.505
.492
.465
.488
.502
.473
.544
.522
.487

.520
.499
.467
.507
.512
.476
.545
.565
.494

21.90
21.56
21.57
20.17
21.95
24,01
29.47
29.15
22.58

25.96
23.81
23.06
23.42
25.80
28.05
29.92
26.62
25.13

.570
.574
.557
.610
.607
.544
.559
.568

.600
.673
.562
.610
.615
.542
.566
.575

27.75
25.60
26.81
24.55
31.78
31.01
28.99
27.46

31.29
28.64
27.63
29.28
32.72
31.39
29.85
29.37

.430
.432
.409
.439
.443
.425
.423

.456
.446
.417
.450
.447
.443
.436

18.35
17.52
19.80
23.91
19.05
24.30
19.49

23.48
2L25
21.39
23.84
25.25
22.44
22.1?

1

2
7
2
13

9

7
17
6

5

3
2
35

9
14

6
5
10

6

6

8
3

3
8
9
35
8

--

1
25

28
15

2
2

10
15

8
9

7
4
3
22

s_
s=_

TABLES

101

3

1
7
8

3

GENERAL

57

LeaMard scrapers:
District 1__________. . . . . _______ —
District 2___________________ . _________
District 3.............................................„........
Districts 4 and 5_______
District 6__________________________ .....
District 8_________________________ _____
Total.........................................................

Truckers:
District 1__________ _____ _____ ___
District 2________ ______ . . . __________...
District 3____________________ _________
District 5_____________________________
District 6______ . ______________________
Districts 7 and 8______________ . . . . . ___ ...

4

5
4
6

05

T able A . —

AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT—Continued

g

00

H O G -K IL LIN G D EPABTM EN T—Continued
Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
regular Un­
hours der
worked 48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
rate
of
Over wages
per
60
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0.335
.345
.324
.337

$0,333
.351
.346
.343

$14.52
12.17
13.07
13.12

$16.21
17.42
17.43
17.02

$0,435
.432
.435
.383
.477
.434
.453

$0,468
.441
.467
.382
.488
.443
.450

$22.71
17.52
22.60
15.54
19.10
17.76
19.18

$21.18
21.69
20.97
18.38
22.90
21.35
21.30

.457
.468
.521
.441
.614
.527
.485

.476
.473
.574
.439
.623
.633
.500

23.70
19.87
30.98
19.38
28.52
25.20
23.40

22.21
23.31
25.63
21.17
29.47
25.56
23.72

AD
N

7
6
4
17

29
41
18
88

6.0
4.8
5.4
5.3

48.4
50.5
53.8
50.5

43.5
34.7
37.8
38.2

27
26

90
69
70
76

53

1
1

2
13
17
32

2
2

PACKING

SHEEP-KILLIN G AND C A LF-K ILLIN G DEPA RTM E N T




3
9
5
3
3
3
26

82
145
26
35
38
5
331

5.7
5.1
5.3
5.5
5.2
4.8
5.3

48.7
50.2
48.2
48.0
48.0
49.2
49.2

48.6
39.7
48.3
40.7
39.1
40.1
42.6

100
79
100
85
81
82
87

72
91
25
35
38
4
265

3
8
3
3
3
6

20
17
5
5
5
6
58

6.0
5.6
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.8

48.6
49.8
49.2
48,0
48.0
4M
48.9

49.8
41.9
54.0
44.1
45.8
47.3
46.8

102
84
110
92
95
98
96

18
12
4
5
5
4
48

1
1

10
54
1
1
66
2
5
1
1
___ 9^

INDUSTRY

IffA -T fl
TE
Laborers:*
District 1_______________ ___________________
District 2_
____ . . . . _______ ___ _ ___
_
District 3.
. ____ ____________
Districts 4 and5_ .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . _____
District 6
.
-....
District 8..............................................................
TotaL............ ...................................................
Sbacklers:
District 1
.
... ..
District 2.»
_ __. . . . . __ . . . . . ____ ____ _
District 3.
__. . . . _ __ ___ __. . . __ _
Districts 4- and 6.
District 6i
District
..........................................................

MEAT

FEMALES
Kidney pullers, shavers, singers, neck brushers,
and spreaders:
District 2
District 3
_ . . . . . . . . . __ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Districts 5 and 8____________________________
Total _________________________________ J

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week

Stickers:
District 1.............................................................
District 2..............................................................
Districts..............................................................
District 4..............................................................
Districts 5 and 8..................................................
District 6-............................................................

3
8
5
2
2
2

6
10
5
3
2
2

5.3
5.4
5.6
6.0
6.0
6.0

49.0
49:2
50.4
48.0
48.0
48.0

39.2
40.2
49.6
43.3
48.8
48.0

96
82
98
90
102
100

5
8
3
3
2
2

1
2
2

.509
.495
.483
.522
.475
.550

.555
.498
.506
.521
.485
.562

21.75
20.01
25.09
22.59
23.67
26.99

24.94
24.35
24.34
25.06
22.80
26.40

Total..................................................................

22

28

5.6

49.1

43.1

88

23

5

.501

.518

22.23

24.60

Joint breakers:
District 1............ .................................................
Districts...............................................»..............
District 3_.__.__................................. ...............
Districts 4, 6, and 8.............................................

3
6
2
3

4
8
2
6

6.0
5.6
6.0
6.1

49.5
50.3
48.0
48.0

48.6
43.4
56.3
50.3

98
86
117
105

3
5
2
6

1
3

.470
.464
.445
.584

.489
.464
.491
.579

23.78
20.14
27.62
29.10

23.27
23.34
21.36
28.03

20

5.9

49.2

47.8

97

16

4

.500

.508

24.31

24.60

2
6
2
2
3

6
10
2
2
4

6.0
5.7
6.0
6.0
5.8

49.0
50.4
48.0
48.0
48.0

41:1
40.9
57.3
43.0
46.0

84
81
119
90
96

5
6
2
2
4

1
4

.480
.485
.533
.445
.534

.538
.490
.604
.442
.542

22.10
20.06
34.56
10.01
24.93

23.52
24.44
25.58
21.36
25.63

Total..................................................................

15

24

5.8

49.3

43.3

88

19

5

.492

.519

22.50

24.26

Miscellaneous workers:4
District 1-__________________________ _______
District 2 ...........................................................
District 3............ ................................................
Districts 4 and 5 ..................................................
District 6-..*.......................................................

3
9
3
3
3

16
46
10
8
13

6.0
5.8
5.6
6.0
6.0

49.9
50.0
49.2
48.0
48.0

50.6
44.1
53.1
41.2
46.6

101
88
108
86
97

11
31
8
8
13

5
15
2

.454
.466
.495
.422
.513

.471
.472
.556
.431
.517

23.85
20.79
29.52
17.75
24.08

22.65
23.30
24.35
20.26
24.62

TABLES

14

GENERAL

Total.................................................................
Scalpers:
District 1..............................................................
District 2-—.........................................................
District 3-............................................................
Districts 4 and 8....... ...........................................
District 6................................... .........................

Total......... .......................................................

21

93

5.9 | 49.4

46.3

94

71

22

.470 i .485
1

22.46

23.22

Leggers (fore and hind):
District 1 --..........................................................
District 2_________________________ ______
District 3-...........................................................
Districts 4 and 5-................................................
District 6__________________________________
District 8 ........... ..................................... I.........

3
9
4
3
3
5

38
64
16
10
16
15

5.7
5.8
5.0
5.9
6.0
5.2

48.9
49.9
48.4
48.0
48.0
47.8

47.4
44.4
47.8
45.0
43.3
42.1

97
89
99
94
90
88

6
21
1

3

32
43
15
10
16
11

1

.541
.551
.609
.492
.611
.621

.570
.555
.683
.498
.615
.636

27.00
24.64
32.59
22.41
26.60
26.78

26.45
27.49
29.48
23.62
29.33
29.68

27

159

5.7

49.0

45.2

92

3

127

29

.563

.582

26.26

27.59

Total..............................................................

I
—
4 Includes drivers, penners, holders, shovers, hookers-on to conveyors, hangers-up of racks, and squilgeers.
Stickers:
* Includes hookers-up of fore quarters and hind legs, shoulder punchers, and shank pinners.




T able A . —

AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS .PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

°

SH E E P-K ILLIN G AND C A LF-K ILLIN G D E PA B T M E N T-C ontinued

8exf occupation, and district

Aver­
age
tiours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
Over
Over
regular Un­
54
48
hours der
60 Over
and
and
54
48
60
worked 48
under
under
60
54

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

$0.571
.599
.598
.711
.658

$0,595
.597
.653
.717
.659

$32.05
28.47
33.84
31.27
27.20

$28.18
30.01
29.90
33.06
31.58

.611

.620

29.87

30.12

males —continued

Brisket or breast pullers:
District 1
... ....
District 2
__
District 3
Districts 4 5 and 8
District 6 ..............................................................
TotaL.

...........

3
9
3
3
3

11
23
6
4
8

6.0
6.0
5.7
5.8
5.8

49.1
50.1
50.0
46.5
48.0

53.8
47.7
51.8
43.6
41.3

21

52

5.9

49.3

48.2

98

2

38

12
3
5
4

.646
.690
.607
.640
.720
.635

.664
.706
.645
.670
.728
.641

34.38
31.28
30.37
33.41
31.39
31.61

31.59
33.74
29.93
30.72
34.56
30.48

76

12

. 663

.681

31.93

32.35

7
10

.518
. 539
.509
.488
.612
.665

.548
. 542
.696
.487
.612
.671

24.84
25. 24
39.16
18.28
24.44
26.07

25.69
26.90
28.75
23.42
29.38
33.92

62

19

.566

25.46

27.02
1 ' ~"~-T
.

"
"
Facers:
District 1
District 2
District 3
4 ftTifl K
District 6

3
7
4
2
3
2

21
32
18
3
11
3

6.0
5.6
5.2
6.0
5.9
6.0

48.9
48.9
49.3
48.0
48.0
48.0

51.8
44.3
47.1
49.8
43.1
49.3

106
91
96
104
90
103

T o ta l.... . . . . __ _____ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ______

21

88

5.7

48.8

46.9

96

Rumpers and back pullers:
District 1
District 2
_
...
District 3
Districts 4 and 5
District 6
Districts...............................................................

3
9
2
2
3
2

26
4
5
5
11
3

5.5
5.8
5.8
5.6
5.4
4.7

49.6
49.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.0

45.3
46.5
56.3
37.5
40.0
38.8

91
93
117
78
83
76

1

21

82

5.6

49.4

45.0

91

1

Total




..................
-

______

2

=

.547
-----------

INDUSTRY

2
8
2

19
22
5
5
11

2

9
15
4
2
8

18
27
14
3
11
3

110
95
104
94
86

PACKING

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

MEAT

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

AD
N

Aver­
age
rate
of
wages
per
hour

SLAUGHTERING

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ ber of
ber of days basic or
em­ worked reguiar
ploy­ by em­ hours
ees ployees per
week
in one
week

Brisket or breast splitters:
District 1...................................................
District 2
__...................................................
District 3—................................................
District 4__................... ............................
Districts 6 and 8.......................................
'Total....................................... ..............
Pelt droppers:
District 1......... _.......................................
District 2 . __ . . . . . . . . ___________________
District 3................. .................................
Districts 4 and 5.......................................
District 6...................................................
District 8........................... ......................
T o ta l.....* ................... ........................
Scrubbers, Washers, and wipers:
District 1...................................................
District 2 ................. . ....................................
District 3—............ ..................................
Districts 4 and 5 . * . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,
District 6........ .................
District 8........ .............. ............ ............
Total............................ ................... .
Caul pullers:
Districts 1,4,6, and 8 . . ..........................
District 2 _____________________ ________
District 3—. ..............................................
Total. _............................... ..................
Gutters, bung droppers, and rippers—open:
District 1...................................................
District 2 ........................................................
District 3.... ......... ............ .......................
District 4...................................................
District 6.................................. ................
District 8....................................... ...........
Total......................................................




T ab l e A . —

AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1025,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

M

SH EEP-KILLIN G AND C A LF-K ILLIN G D E PA RTM E N T-C ontinued

Aver­
age
basic or
regular
hours
per
week

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
Over
Over
of
regular Un­
54
48
wages
hours der
54
and
60 Over
and
48
per
60
worked 48
under
under
hour
54
60

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

3
9
2
2
3
2

17
26
2
4
3
2

5.8
5.8
6.0
5.8
4.3
6.0

48.4
50.8
48.0
48.0
50.0
48.0

46.8
45.3
56.8
43.3
35.5
50.8

97
89
118
90
71
IO
C

16
14
2
4
2
2

1
12

$0.495
.491
.613
. 537
.478
.570

$23.18
22.23
34. 76
23. 23
16.98
28.92

$23.04
2i. 79
26.06
25. 58
22.50
26.64

Total..................................................................

21

54

5.7

49.6

45.7

92

40

14

Dressers:8
District 1______________________ ______ _____
Districts 2, 3, 5, and 6_______________

2
4

2
5

6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0

45.0
52.5

94
109

2
5

1
i

.490

.504

23.03

24.30

i
i

. 455
.566

.510
.576

22.93
30.24

21.84
27.17

.534

. 559

28.15

25.63

6

7

6.0

48.0

50.4

105

7

3
8
3
2
3

27
13
3
2
12

5.9
6.0
6.0
6.0
5.1

48.2
49.8
48.0
46.5
48.0

49.6
44.5
58.5
45.3
37.9

103
89
127
97
79

26
9
3
1
12

1
4

.453
.456
.528
.500
.523

.491
.463
. 583
.500
.531

24.36
20.62
34.08
22.63
20.11

21.83
22.71
25.34
23.25
25.10

Total..................................................................

19

57

5.7

48.5

46.3

95

51

5

.474

.498

23.06

22.99




1
1

INDUSTRY

Total..................................................................
Luggers:
District 1 ............................................................
District 2 __ __ _______ _______ _
_ _
District 3
_____ ___ _
Districts 4 and 8
__
District 6 __________ ________________ ______

PACKING

$0.476
.488
.543
. 533
.450
. 555

males —continued

Headers and neck trimmers:
District 1__ __________ __ ________
_
District 2_________________________ _
District 3____________________________
District 4_____________________________
Districts 5 and 8____________________________
District 6_________ _______________

MEAT

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

AD
N

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ num­
ber of
ber of ber of days
estab­ em­ worked
lish­ ploy­
ments ees by em­
ployees
in one
week

Utility men, spellers, handy men, all-round men:
District 1...........................................................
District 2...........................................................
District 3...........................................................
District 4...........................................................
District 5...........................................................
District 6...........................................................
District 8...........................................................

5.8
5.9
6.0
5.8
5.5
6.0
6.0
25

45

Sheep or calf butchers:
District 1............................. .............................
District 2...........................................................
District 3....... .............. . ..................................
Districts 4,6, and 8..........................................
District 5..........................................................
Total...............................................................

25

61

47.6
51.4
58.5
43.6
50.5
43.9
52.9

5.9

48.9

49.1

100

50.6
48.0
50.8
48.0
57.0

39.7
40.7
47.7
32.0
52.1

5.7

51.3

44.4

14

35

87

.813

14

25.37
32.02
27.62
26.06
29.48
26.74
27.70

!9.51

27.68

28.62
27.80
9.74
28.54
48.44

37.85
32.78
42.82
42.43
55.23

.805

35.75

41.71

$0.578 $27.99
27.79
.602
.558 1 25.80
.535
21.33
21.40
.526
18.23
.525
.570
28.07

$28.10
28.68
26.60
25.25
26.73
24.88
27.58

GENERAL

26.18
34.01
34.56
25.20
28.24
24.61
35.77

.721
.683
.834
.892
.929

39

.550
.662
.591
.578
.559
.561
.676
.601

.523
.643
.558
.543
.546
.557
.577

103
118
91
94
91
110

5.5
5.7
e.o
4.3
5.9

T otal_...........................................................

48.5
49.8
49.5
48.0
54.0
48.0
48.0

OFFAL (OTHER THAN HIDES AND CASINGS) .DEPARTMENT
MALES
10
14
14
4
10
3
8

41
101
70
9
30
7
11

5.6
5.7
5.6
5.2
5.4
4.3
6.0

51.0
49.8
49.9
48.0
52.2
51.4
49.7

48.4
46.2
46.2
39.9
40.7
34.7
49.2

95
93
93
83
78
68
99

2

21
69
52
9
14
3
5

2

173

Total..................................................................

63

289

5.6

50.2

45.5

91

Machine operators:7
District 1 ____ . . . _______ . . . ____ __________
District 2 _________________________________
District 3 _________________________________
District 4 ___ ________ - _ _________________
_
Districts ______ - _ ____________________ - _
_
District 6 ____ ____________________________
District 7 ________ ______ ___________ !______
District 8. . . . . . . . . __ ____ ________ - _________

9
14
14
4
7
6
2
8

42
93
111
14
34
18
2
19

5.7
5.8
5.7
5.6
5.6
5.2
4.0
5.8

50.0
50.5
49.7
48.4
53.6
50.3
55.0
48.0

47.3
48.9
46.7
46.3
41.3
39.9
37.8
49.6

95
98
94
96
77
79
69
103

6

64

333

5.7

50.3

46.6

93

6

214

7

•Includes rib sawyers, or Boston cutters, setters, or Boston setters, caul dressers, and dressers.
* Includes skull splitters, jawbone pullers, horn sawyers, teeth grinders.




29
55
83
13
12
12

3
6

3
9

$0.551
.576
.533
.526
.512
.484
.555

7

4
3

1

65

10

12

.549

.574

26.14

27.56

12
38
18
1

10

Total......... .......................................................

17
32
9

1
7

3

1

14
1

.478
.484
.468
.520
.471
.744
.482
.516

.517
.496
.481
.529
.486
.725
.542
.524

24.49
24 30
22.47
24.45
20.08
28.91
20.51
25.95

23.90
24.44
23.26
25.17
25.25
37.42
26.51
24.77

.494

.507

23.61

24.85

7
5
3
12

TABLES

Chiselers, cheekers, and tempters—
District 1____ ________________ . ____________
District 2__ ____ _....______________________
District 3__ . . . _______ . . . . __________________
District 4 —______ ——_____________________
District 5 ______ ___ . . . ___________________
District 6 _________________________________
Districts 7 and 8____________________________

72

2
10

1
19 1

-<r
co

T able

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued
O F F A L (OTH ER THAN HIDES AND CASINGS) D E P A R T M E N T —Continued

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Over
54

48

and
under

and
under

60

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0.4G3
.508
.470
.488
.474
.545
.443

Over
48

Aver­
age
rate
of
Over wages
per
60
hour

). 498
.522
.494
.483
.414
.604
.450

$25.12
25.09
23.50
19.41
19.96
24.51
22.31

$22.55
25.30
23.41
23.42
24.27
28.07
21.26

.484

23. 68

24.01

.479
.476
.460
.458
.491
.479
.491

Per
cent of
basic or
regular Un­
hours der
worked 48

24.44
23.71
22.32
17.55
23.44
22.20
22.31

24.29
23.61

54

AD
N

m a l e s — continued

46.8
48.3
45.4
36.7
47.2
42.9
45.9

50.2

46.2

92

5 I

5.8

48.0
52.2
49.5
48.0

48.8
56.1
46.9
48.8

1* \
0

4 i
17

23

115
104
125
42
30
30

6.0
5.8

6.0

50.1

40.6
49.6

51.6

12

458

87

20

22

22.86
21.98
27.05
24.43
23.42

.475

.498

23.01

23.85

1G2
107
95

102

.462
.456
.451
.406

.459
.465
.488
.413

22.38
26.09
22.86

22.18
23.80
22.32
19.49

103

.448

.459

125

15

2 | 12

20.12

22.44

INDUSTRY

56

Inspectors and graders:
Districts 1, 5 and 8......................
District 2.....................................
District 3............. *.....................
District 4__.................................




50.7
49.6
49.7
48.0
55.1
51.0
47.7

5.8

597

Pluck trimmers:
District 1.....................................
District 2.............. .......................
District 3.....................................
District 4.....................................
District 5.....................................
District 6.....................................
District 8.....................................

T o ta l,......................................

47.4

5.4
5.2

48.1
47.6

PACKING

Total.........................................

49.6

5.6

12

40.2
40.9

5.7
5.7
5.7
5.4

50.5

104
97
96
84
94
79
103

48.7
49. 8
49.8
48.0
51.2
51.5
48.0

5.4
5.7
5.6
4.8
5.6
5.5
5.6

130
147
168
42
55
43

MEAT

Trimmers:
District I.....................................
District 2.....................................
District 3......................................
District 4....... ..............................
Districts 5 and 7.........................
District 6.....................................
District 8.....................................

Total................... ..........- .........

SliAXJGHTERING

Bex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ ber of
Num­
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
lish­ ploy- by em­ hours
per
ments
ployees week
in one
week

Laborers:
District 1______________________
District 2.......................................
District 3______________________
District 4.......................................
District 5.......................................
District 6.......................................
Districts 7 and 8_______________

80
134
130
30
27
6
6

49.3

47.1

96

413

5a 1
49.4
50.5
48.0
45.8
51.0
49.7

51.9
46.2
47.2
44.3
44.3
34.5
49.4

104
94
93
92
97
68

5.6

:9. 4

46.6

94

5.9
5.5
5.8
6.0
5.8
5.2

49.4
48.9
49.2
48.0
50.1
49.4

51.3
43.9
45.9
50.5
40.2
40.5

104
90
93
105
80
82

49.2

44.8

91

49.7
50.3
49.7
48.0
50.2
48.0
48.7

51.2
51.6
46.0
37.8
47.4
44.2
47.2

103
103
93
79
94
92
97

45.8

48.6

98

5.6
5.7
5.5
5.6
5.4
4.8
6.0
5.8

49

121

50.3
49.9
48.6
50.3
53.9
49.5
55.0
48.0

51.6
49.2
46.0
48.3
47.6
38.9
55.7
48.6

103

79
101
101

5.5

50.5

47.9

95

138

Total_______ . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . .
_
Trackers:
District 1____ ___________...........
District 2.............. ........................
District 3.............. ...... ....... .........
District 4............. ....................
Districts 5 and 7............................
District 6..................... .................
District 8________________ _____

5.6
5.7
5.5
4.6
5.7
5.4
5.6

Total...........................................
Tripe washers:
District 1........................ ..............
District 2.....................................
District 3.......................................
District 4..................................
District 5....... ........ .......................
District 6.......................................
District 7.......................................
District 8.......................................

46

Total..........................................

50




116

74

.475
.461
.412
.450
.464
.501
82

23.28
21.80
18.97
18.25
18.67
20.03
20.99

21.45
21.43
20.44
18.28
20.92
22.70
20.93

20.77

20.90

.521
.487
.495
.416
.459
.520
.511

27.03
22.51
23.35
18,44
20.31
17.94
25.26

24.35
23.47
23.28
19.78
20.61
23.66
24.90

22.78

18

.467
.446
.434
.381
.419
.487
.421
.441

.432
.418
.377
.415
.454
.422

23.12

29
.447
.464
.428
.418
.425
.485

112

22

17.42
21.24

22.08
22.69
21.06
20.06
21.29
23.96

.449

.471

21.11

22.09

.454
.437
.454
.363
.401
.617
.422

23.22
22.59
2a 89
13.72
18.99
27.26
19.88

21.57
21.23
21.37
17.14
20.08
25.73
20.50

.424

.442

21.48

21.12

.485
.539
.469
.372
.466
.730
.497
.460

65

23.49
21.44
20.98

.434
.422
.430
.357
.400
.536
.421

20

.458
.489
.457
.416
.433
.525

.537
.549
.505
.382
.477
.766
.497
.452

27.71
26.97
23.22
18.45
22.69
29.78
27.70
21.97

24.40
26.90
18.71
25.12
36.14
27.34
22.08

.506

. 528

25.26

25.55

21.01

TABLES

99
90
' 99
88
82
100

GENERAL

49.8
48.9
43.8
47.9
44.5
41.1
49.8

5.5
5.6
5.4
5.6
5.8
5.4
5.5

515

Total,..................................
Rippers-open of paunches and pecks:
District 1.......................................
District 2.......................................
District 3.......................................
District 4 . . . . .................................
District 5____ ________________ _
District 6.......................................
District 8........... ...........................
Total.... .....................................
Washers:
District 1_____________________
District 2 . . . . . . . . . ......... ..............
District 8............................. ........„
District 4................. . . ..................
District 5......... ..................... .
Districts 6 and 7 -.........................

101

49.2
49.6
48.9
48.5
50.4
50.0
49.6

5.9
5.5
5.5
5.6
5.7
4.5
6.0

97
182
160
33
36
9

Crc

T abl e A . —

AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

M

05

O F F AL (OTHER THAN HIDES AND CASINGS) D E P A R T M E N T-C ontinued

Aver­
age
basic or
regular
hours
per
week

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
regular
hours Un­
worked der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

$0. 627
.504
.568
.417
.505
.605
.483

$36.41
28. 84
31.15
18.56
27.88
29.02
25.94

$27.15
23.10
27.46
20.06
25.75
35.63
22.18

. 522

.554

30.61

25.94

.618
.573
.473
.431
.493
.621
.480

.690
.606
.514
.436
.498
.695
.483

34.66
32.42
25.10
20.44
20.85
28.51
25.64

30.84
28.36
23.65
20.86
24.65
31.67
23.76

.547

.590

29.56

27.19

1
4
8

.479
.474
.489
.383
.522
.435

.493
.470
.510
.384
.532
.438

24.20
21.49
24 31
19.48
22.58
21.49

23.95
23.37
24.65
19.15
26.78
24.97

14

.478

.485

22.60

24.43

males—continued

Tripe scalders and cookers:
______
District 1
- _- __
District 2
District 3
____ _
_ ____
District 4
_ _____ ____________
District 5
____
Districts 6 and 7
______ ___ _
District 8................. ............................................
Total..................................................................
Tripe scrapers and finishers:
District 1
_ _ ____ ____ ______ _ _
_
District 2
_
_
_
District 3
District 4
_
District 5
- __ - _____ - ____
District 6
_
______________
District 8................... - .........................................
Total..................................................................
Shavers, cleaners, scrapers, and singers, pigs' feet:
District 1
District 2
__ - - ____________________
District 3
- - ___
__ _
District 4
- ______________
Districts 8 and 8
District 6
_
T ota l..—...........................................................




2
3
1

4
7
7
2
4
2
3

12
9
9
2
4
3
4

5.8
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
4.7
6.0

49.0
50.0
50.2
48.0
51. 5
52.7
47.3

58.1
57.3
54.9
44.5
55.3
48.0
53.8

119
115
109
93
107
91
114

1

10
6
6
2
2
1
3

29 !

43

5.9

49.7

55.2

111

1

30

9
11
12
5
5
4
3

56
82
46
17
16
6
4

5.7
5.9
5.6
5.7
5.7
5.2
6.0

1
49.9 '|
49.5
50.0
48.4
50.0
51.0
49.5

50.2
53.5
48.8
46.8
41.8
41.0
53.1

101
108
98
97
84
80
107

38
61
32
16
12
4
3

17
21
6
1

227

5.8

49.7

50.1

101 ...j J | 166

47

9

3
8
12
3
6
4

6
32
30
3
15
14

6.0
5.7
5.7
6.0
5.9
5.8

50.0
49.3
50.4
50.0
51.3
57.4

49.1
45.7
47.7
50.7
42.5
49.1

98
93
95
101
83
86

7
4
1

5

36

100

5.8

51.1

46.6

91

49 !

1

1

1

1

2
2

6

4 !
1
8

3
1

1
1

1

5
25
20
2
8

2

1

60

2

4
1

6
18

i

5

INDUSTRY

$0.554
.462
.547
.418
. 500
.676
.469

60

PACKING

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

MEAT

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

AD
N

Aver­
age
rate
of
Over wages
per
60
hour

SLAUGHTERING

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days
estab­ em­ worked
lish­ ploy­
ments ees by em­
ployees
in one
week

,6205

Splitters and trimmers, pigs’ feet:
Districts 1 and 6..........................................
District 2 .___ . ........ .............................
District 3............ ...................... ................
District 5....... .....................................................

2
2
8
3

2
4
19
7

6.0
6.0
5.9
5.6

51.0
48.0
49.3
54.9

46.3
43.8
50.6
45.4

1
4
16
3

91
91
103
83

1
1
4

.438
.649
.543
.425

.438
.704
.587
.444

20.24
30.81
29.70
20.16

22.34
31.15
26.77
23.33

5

.524

.562 | 27.16

26.41

2

.485
.443
.468

.483
.437
. 469

25.36
23.00
24.21

23.86
23.04
24.71

2

.469

.467 | 24.38

24.01

.475
.492
.457
.460
.515
.545
.588

.498
.504
.472
.459
.517
.559
. 589

26.63
26.38
24.10
22.94
28.35
26.53
30.20

24.51
24.99
23.12
22.08
26.68
26.98
30.28

.493

25.64

Total..................................................................

15

32

5.8

50.4

48.3

96

24 |

3

Finishers, pigs’ feet:
District 2.......... ..................................... ............
District 3....... ............................... ......................
District 5 ............................................................

3
2
3

5
3
5

6.0
6.0
5.8

49.2
52.0
52.8

52.5
52.7
51.6

107
101
98

4
1
3

1
2

Total.................................................................

8

13

5. 9

51.2

52.2

102

g

3

Utility men, slunk skinners, and spell men:
District 1..............................................................
District 2................. ............................................
District 3...........- .......................... ......................
District 4..............................................................
District 5.............................................................
District 6___________ _____ _________________
District 8.............................................................

6
12
12
4
5
4
2

26
61
59
9
12
4
2

5.8
5.9
5.8
5.9
5. 9
5.8
6.0

51.6
50.8
50.6
48.0
51.8
49.5
51.5

53. 5
52.4
51.0
50.0
54.8
47.5
51.3

104
103
101
104
106
96
100

11
33
40
9
4
3
1

12
28
6

45

173

50.7

52.0

103

101

Total.......................................... ....................

5.9

%

5

1
47

3
8

5
3

1
12

g

.480

FEMALES
Machine operators: 7
Districts 2 and 8....... ...................... ...................
District 5.......................................... ...... .............

4
2

7
2

5.3
6.0

50.6
54.0

39.4
44.8

78
83

Total............ ...................................................

6

9

5.4

51.3

40.6

79

3
2

4
4

3
7
4
3
2
3

14
56
44
5
10
10

5.7
5.4
5.5
5.2
5.8
5.4

50.1
51.3
49.0
50.4
53.6
52.7

45.4
44.1
41.8
39.8
32.9
45.0

Total____________________________________

22

139

5.5

50.7

42.6

84

77

Pluck trimmers:
Districts 2 and 7______________________ _____
District 3_______________ ______ ____________

3
2

4
2

5.5
5.5

54.5
48.0

46.3
49.0

85
102

===== = = = “

2

Total..................................................................

5

6

5.5

52.3

47.2

90

2

7Includes skull splitters, jawbone pullers, horn sawyers, and teeth grinders.




91
86
85
79
61
85

9
25
37
3

.426
.373

5
------ -

' ...-

Trimmers:
District 1.............................................................
District 2.............................................................
District 3.............................................................
District 4..............................................................
District 5___________________________ _______
Districts 7 and 8____ ___________________ ____

24.34
:'

= = =

5
31
7
2

.430
.362

16.95
16.22

21.56
20.14

.414

.413

16.79

21.24

.357
.397
.344
.354
.441
.356

16.22
17.51
14.41
14.08
14.51
16.03

17.59
17.85
16.46
18.95
23.42
17.92

2
1

5

56

5

.351

.374

15.95

17.80

2

1

3

.351
.348
.335
.376
.437
.340

2

.380
.438

. 383
! 449

17.76
22.02

20.71
21.02

2

2

.399

.406

19.18

20.87

9

GENERAL TABLES

2

T able A .—AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

00

O FFA L (OTHER THAN HIDES AND CASINGS) DEPARTM ENT—Continued

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
of
Over
Over
regular Un­
54
48
Over wages
hours der
per
60
and
54
48
and
60
worked 48
under
hour
under
54
60

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,370

$0,372

$15.23

$19.24

.346
.314

.350
.314

14.62
14.82

18.44
15.07

.333

.335

14.70

17.05

10

.315
.321
.286
.291
.261

.330
.323
.289
.292
.263

16.45
14.91
13.83
13.82
10.01

16.07
16.21
14.90
14.49
12.97

10

.293

.297

13.33

14.86

.389
.377

.383
.377

11.14
16.42

19.53
19.75

.379

.379

15.10

19.75

.329

.392

16.38

16.78

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

females—continued

Inspectors and graders:
Districts 3 and 5

2

Packers:
Di«*tripts 1 and 3
District 2__________________________________

3
3

8
6

5.0
6.0

53.3
48.0

41.8
47.2

78
98

2
5

6

6

13

5.4

51.2

43.8

86

7

6

3

6.0

52.0

41.0

2

1

79

...... ..

1
------Miscellaneous workers: •
T^iQtrint 1
Tii^tript 2

■
2
14
12

District 5....................................- .........................

2
9
6
4
3

4
53
47
12
38

6.0
5.7
5.5
5.7
5.6

51.0
50.5
52.1
49.8
49.7

49.9
46.2
47.9
47.3
38.0

98
91
92
95
76

2
39
25
9
27

Total..................................................................

24

154

5.6

50.7

44.9

89

102

Shavers, cleaners, scrapers, and singers, pigs’ feet:
9 ft Anri ft
District 5...............................................................

3
3

4
12

3.8
5.3

51.0
52.4

28.6
43.6

56
83

2
3

1

6

16

4.9

52.1

39.8

76

5

1

10

■

2
8

Total________ — - ________ - ________ — - __

===== .......

THrtrirt

—
^

3
1

onH 7

Splitters and trimmers, pigs' feet:
1 O onH K

11
39

3
3

.........

"
3

4

5.8

51.0

41,8

1 Includes washers, tripe washers, tripe scalders and cookers, tripe scrapers and finishers.




*

82

2

2

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week

HIDE D E PARTM EN T
MALES
inspectors, graders, and trimmers:
District 1.................................. .
District 2............ ......................
District 3 ...... ...........................
District 4.................................. .
District 5-......... ........................
District 6.__________________
District 7...................................
District 8— ..............................
Total.......................................

5.6
5.8
5.5
5.7
5.9
r 5.0
5.4
6.0

Spreaders and salters:
District 1.................................. .
District 2................. ................ .
District 3.................................. .
District 4.................................. .
District 5.—..............................
District 6.... ............................. .
District 7.................................. .
District 8...................................

59
114
61
29

49.6
50.9
48.9
47.1
51.4
40.6
45.5
52.0

100
102
97
97
101
85
83
104

5.7

67

49.6
49.9
60.2
48.6
50.7
48.0
55.0
50.1
49.9

49.2

69

49.7
49.8
49.7
48.0
51.7
48.0
55.0
48.6

53.3
51.7
49.3
49.9
52.7
43.8
50.9
50.6

107
1C4
99
104
102
91
93
104
102

$0,503
472
517
451
519
584
400
602

$0,636
.484
.561
.452
.527
.679
.402
.605

$26.58
24.62
27.42
21.30
27.07
27.60
18.27
31.42

$24.95
23.55
25.95
21.92
26.31
28.03

.497

.520

25.60

24.80

15

.463
.461
.508
.434
.499
.505
.408
.472

.507
.473
.550
.437
.603
.509
.408
.483

27.00
24.49
27.09
21.77
26.50
22.29
20.78
24.46

23.01
22.96
25.25
20.83
25.80
24.24
22.44
22.94

253

.475

.495

25.09

23.56

.444
.424
.440
.356
.416
.458
.364
.402

.467
.436
.483
.360
.427
.469
.345
.407

22.08
17.50
16.08
14.56
17.01
15.98
16.03
17.94

21.89
21.50
21.60
17.69
20.76
21.98
19.98
21.27

.422

.439

17.70

21.06

20

5.8
5.7
5.7
5.8
5. 8
5.4
6.0
6.0

Total.......................................

351

5.7

49.6

50.7

Laborers:
District 1......... ........... ..............
District 2— .............. ...............
District 3...................................
District 4...................................
District 5...................................
District 6.— ............................
District 7...................................
District 8...................................

174
268
146
111
39
49
11
21

5.5
4.9
4.0
4.8
4.7
4.3
5.7
5.2

49.3
50.7
49.1
49.7
49.9
48.0
54.9
52.9

47.3
40.1
33.3
40.4
39.9
34.1
46.4
44.1

135
149
120
80
25
49

819

4.8

49.9

40.3

562

Total.......................................




47

18

163

11

37
119
16
31
10
221

21

22.00

30.16

T able

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

00

0

CASING D E PARTM EN T

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
regular Un­
hours
worked der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

Over
60

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
rate
of
wages
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,497
.510
.495
.481
.505
.559
.507
.499

$0.515
.516
.518
.487
.509
. 578
.510
.522

$25.90
24.16
24.13
21.93
22.27
24.80
27.19
25.71

$24.55
25.04
24.85
23.09
25.50
29.12
27.89
25.40

.506

.521

24.37

25.35

.455
.492
.502
.430
.495
.566
.472
.578

.462
.510
.539
.443
.493
.547
.469
.538

23.53
24.98
24.58
19.84
19.86
22.99
22.43
25.17

22.61
24.65
25.35
20.64
26.33
28.24
25.96
29.19

MALES

Casing pullers or runners:
District 1
..................... .
District 2
_____________________
District 3
............. ....... _
District 4
. . .
District 5
_______ __
District 6
___________ _ __
District 7
District 8
- Total..................................................................
Strippers:
District 1
District 2
District 3
District 4
District 5
District 6
District 7

_
________________________
. . . . . .
- _____
- - - - - - - ___

District R

Total..................................................................
Fatters and slimers:
District 1
. . . .
........
District' 2 fDistrict 3
__________ __________ . . . . .
DistriOT 4
District 5...............................................................




79
115
120
26
31
35

8
3
8

101
162
173
26
57
63
15
23

5.7
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.3
5.5
5.8

49.4
49.1
50.2
48.0
50.5
52.1
55.0
50.9

50.2
46.8
46.6
45.0
43.7
42.9
53.3
49.2

102
95
93
94
87
82
97
97

2

9

69

620

5.7

50.1

46.8

93

7

415

3
13

2

70
70
52
16
26
19
5

6

12

5.7
5.8
5.5
5.6
5.0
5.4
5.2
5.7

49.7
50.1
50.5
48.0
53.2
49.9
55.0
50.5

50.9
49.0
45.6
44.8
40.3
42.0
47.8
46.8.

55

270

5.6

50.3

47.2

5

123
174

5.5
5.7
5.5

49.4
50.0
49.8

48.6
50.8
49.3
45.0
48.9

6

14
15
4
11

12

4
9
6

12

13
4

90

44

10

59

5.6
5.5

48; 0

53.8

5

50
46
37
16

10 2

98
90
93
76
84
87
93

1

94

1

9

183

9

2

21

9
12

13

15

15

121

31

37

2

6

20

24
7
3

11

5
3

95
117
66
44

98
99
94

16

12

16
7

10 2

91

11

1

21

47
28

56
28
57
15

8

5

3

7

20

.489

.499

23.55

24.60

7

2

.523
.567
.508
.502
.540

.543
.586
.558
.516
.540

26.36
29.75
27.52
23.22

25.84
28.35
25.30
24.10

28

26.39

29.05

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
Tmnj- Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
m one
week

District 6...............................
District .7...............................
District 8............ .................

Total....... .......................... .

77

373

Blowers, graders, and inspectors:
District 1................................
District 2................................
District 3................................
District 4........................... .
Districts 5 and 7................... .
District 6................................
District 8................................

50.0

48.3

97

5.8
5.7
5.7
5.3
5.6
4.8
5.8

49.8
50.0
51.0
48.0
50.3
48.0
49.2

52.1
48.3
50.6
44.8
47.7
36.9
50.6

105
97

5.7

49.9

48.7

48.4
50.3
49.0
48.0
54.5
50.7
49.0

52.9
51.3
48.7
45.3
45.0
45.4
53.2

109
102
99

49.3

99

5.9
5.5
5.9
6.0
5.8
5.4
6.0

4
12
11
4
6
3 I
4

5.6

49.8

558

40.0
46.1
47.5

5.8
5.9
5.5
5.7
5.0
5.6
6.0

Total..................................
Turners:
District 1...............................
District 2...............................
District 3...............................
District 4...............................
District 5...............................
District 6...............................
District 8...............................

49.3
55.0
49.3

49.2
49.9
50.6
48.0
53.2
50.1
51.0

58.1
48.3
54.6
54.5
50.7
42.9
50.9

118
97
108
114
95
86
100

12
23
12
6
6
6
2

5.7

50.3

51.2

102

67

Total.................................. .
Measurers and buncbers:
District 1................................
District 2................................
District 3................................
District 4.......................... .
District 5__.............................
Districts 6 and 7___.............. .
District 8...............................
Total..................................

42 I

100

Salters and packers:
District 1................................
District 2__............ ...................
District 3................................
District 4........................... .
District 5................................
District 6................................
District 7................................
District 8................................
Total.................................. .




5.6
5.9
5.6
5.4
5.5
5.2
5.7
6.0
219

.552
.467
.488

:
!
i
;
:
1 i

21

!

102

49.9

48.5

97

100

101

26.37
22.83
25.73
20.20

24.93
18.89
24.40

24.40
23.10
24.33
20.98
26.41
23.90
23.42

23.86

23.70

.457
24.16
.487
25.00
.503 j 24.51
.422
19.10
. 507 22.85
. 505 22.93
26.22

21.93
23.89
23.27
20.21
27.90
25.00
23.86

.480 i 24.07

23.61

. 475
.467
. 544
.482
.5X8
.476
. W0

45

83 !_
90 L
109 L

104
96
89
86
84

.506
.472
.508
.451
.522
.512
.482

.497
.490
.589
.489
. 541
.487
.546

27.82

23.37
23.30
27.53
23.14
28. 62
23.85
27.54

26.55

25.00

25.01
25. 53
24.65
18.80
25.50
21.33
24.43
26.27

23.47
23.85
24.15
20.83
29.85
24. 79
23.82
24.19

24.30

23.95

.490
.462
.477
.437
.525
.498
.476
120

48.9
51.9
47.9
42.6
48.2
41.3
55.7
51.5

26.75

33 !

95
77
103

49.1
50.0
50.0
48.0
56.0
48.9
55.0
50.4

26.92

.474

108

27.21
25.69
24.06

.453
.475
. 475
.421
.512
. 403
.487

392

22.53
21.46
23.67

.475

12

.466
.498
. 556

37

3 j

7

J

.497
.478
.477
.483
.434
.533
.507
.433
.480

48
41
30 |
.
18
2 i
17 L.
3 L
43

.511
.492
.515
.441
.559
.516
. 439
.510

28.85
23.67
32.15
26.65
27.39
20.88

GENERAL TABLES

5.1
5.2
6.0

00

T able A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

00
to

CASING DEPARTMENT—
Continued

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
regular Un­
hours der
worked 48

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

54

Over
54
and
under

60

Over

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,500
.509
.531
.456
.547
.535
.487

$26.43
25.75
26.68
20.47
25.97
20.99
25.03

$23.56
24.60
24.40
21.74
29.10
27.23
23.47

.494

.511

24.98

24.75

458 1 .479
.489
491
.543
470
.468
419

Over
48
and
under
54

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

$0.475
.490
.491
.453
.546
.534
.479

48

Aver­
age
rate
of
wages
per
hour

24.94
23.66
30.18
21.74

21.98
25.04
22.56
21.37

males—continued

Trimmers of casings:
District 1.........................................................
District 2......... ................................................
District 3...............................................—
District 4..................................................
District 5..........................................................
District 6.........................................................
District 8..................................................
Total.............................................................

5.8
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.5
4.9
0.0

Total............................................................
General workers:
District 1 _ ......................................................
District 2....... ..................................................
District 3.......................................................
District 4.......................................................
District 5..........................................................
District 6.........................................................
District 7..........................................................
District 8............ ......................................

Total.............................................




14

34

7
12
16
4
8
7
3
6

46
74
113
17
08
35
13
11

106

5.7

240

52.8
50.6
50.2
44.8
47.5
39.2
51.4

50.1

48.8

97

5.9
5.6
5.9
5.7

55

Blowers and tiers of bladders and weasands:
District 1..........................................................
District 2..........................................................
District 3..................................................
Districts 4 and 8........................................

49.6
50.2
49.7
48.0
53.3
51.0
49.0

48.0
51.0
48.0
51.0

52.1
48.4
55.6

109
95
116
91

377 |

101
77
105
165

13

105

5.8

!
i
'
;
i

101

5.6
5.8
5.7
5. 4
5.8
5.5
5.8
5.5

48.8
51.0
49.7
51.5
52. 7
52.8
54.8
49.6

46.0
49.5
49.2
45.9
48.3
46.0
55.3
45.5

87
101
92

5.7

50.9

48.4

95

.464

10
225

12

84

26

30

.496

25.49

22.78

.466
.488
.497
.425
.494
.530
.471
.506

6

.492
.507
.514
.437
.501
.543
.472
.525

22.96
25.08
25.31
20.07
24.19
25.02
26.08
23.84

22.74
24.89
24.70
21.89
26.03
27.98
25.81
25.10

.490

.505

24.50

24.94

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDTJSTKY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days hr!sic or
em­ worked regular
estab­
lish­ ploy- by em­ hours
per
ments
ployees week
in one
week

Laborers:
District 1...
District 2. .
.
District 3 . .
District 4...
District 5__
District 6-..
District 7...
District 8__
Total—

45.7

92

48.5
50.4
49.0
53.3
50.4

48.3
50.6
42.3
49.1
48.9

5.6

50.2

47.9

95

5.8
5.9
5.5
&5

54.5
49.0
49.1
53.8

5.7

51.0

42.9

5.4
5.5
6.0
6.0

52.3
48.0
48.0
53.0

5.7

50.8

5.7
5.9

48.7
48.0

42.9
48.8

102

__30_

5.7

48.5

44.8

92

54
30
60
34
14
5

5.6
5.8
5.7
5.1
5.4
6.0

49.3
49.0
49.0
49.3
49.0
49.2

46.2
47.8
44.6
37.6
41.3
45.3

197

5.6

49.2

44.1

75

Strippers:
District 1________
District 2..............
Districts 3 and 6_.
District 5________
Total.
Turners:
Districts 1 and 5.
District 2..............
Total.
Blowers, graders, and inspectors:
District 1....... ..........................
District 2_________ _________
District 3___________________
Districts 4 and 5 ._ ..................
District 6.......................... . . . .
District 8..................................
Total.




.426
.455
.459
.424
.503

20.54
23.02
19.41
20.81
24.59

20.27
22.18
21.95
24.25
24.39

21.34

22.24

.305
.360
.454
.387

15.33
17.21
18.09
14.17

16.57
17.84
21.95
20.82
19.84

.367

16.43
16.56
15.19
13.96

•18.36
17.95
17.14
20.30

15.70

18.29

.343

14.70
14.80

16.70
14.40

14.73

15.96

41.9

28

10

21.02

16.56

42.7
44.0
42.3
38.1

217

FEMALES
Casing pullers or runners:
Districts 1 and 7___________
District 2...............................
District 3_________________
District 5.________________
Total-

19.78

.446

50.3
47.7
39.8
36.6

.433

.418
.440
.448
.455
.484

100
100
86
92
97

21.35
21.34
19.46
17.81
24.30
22 87
19.89
21.47

18

159

41

48

10

.304
.364
.447
.387
30
.351
.374
.357

.343
.300

.385
.376

.

.329

42
25
51
21
12
1
90

26

.349
.383
.352
.325
.344
.356

.391
.368
.325
.343
.387

16.99
18.70
16.43
12.23
14.17
17.55

17.21
18.77
17.25
16.02
16.86
17.52

.351

.364

16.07

17.27

152

26

10

GENERAL TABLES

49.7

21.18
20.77
17.81
12.23
17.85
19.61
19.35
20.18

.375

5.5

.444
.435
.410
.373
.437
.467
.358
.462

.423

47.7
47.8
43.5
32.8
40.9
42.0
54.0
43.7

5.3
5.9
5.2
6.0
5.8

41

49.3
50.2
48.3
48.0
56.0
49.6
54.8
48.9

Truckers:
Districts 1,4, and 7..
District 2...................
District 3__________
District 5__________
District
_____

Total.

.425
.403
.371
.434
.461
.363
.439

5.6
5.7
5.5
4.3
4.8
5.8
6.0
5.2

T able

A ..— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

00
^

CASING D E PA RTM E N T—Continued

Sex, occupation, and district

Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days
estab­ fin- worked
lish­ ploy- by em­
ments ees ployees
in one
week

Aver­
age
basic or
regular
hours
per
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
hours cent of
actu­ basic or
Over
Over
ally regular
54
4S
worked i hours Un­
54
and
60 Over
48
and
der
60
in one worked 48
under
under
week
54
60

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
rate
of
wages
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

$0.371
. 354
.360
.300

$0.390 $17.06
17.31
.309
.384 i 17.82
.340 j 15.30

$18.10
14.72
16.02
16.32

. 362

.382 | 17.77

16.30

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

females —continued

Measurers and bunchers:
Districts 1 and 5
District 2
D>strict 3
District 8..............................................................

4
5
6
2
]7

Total

30
14
lfi
2

5.5
5.4
5.6
6.0

48.8
48.9
49. 5
51.0

43.7
39.9
42.3
48.0

62 1

5.5

49.1

42.6

87

51
■

Salters and packers:
District 1
District 2
Districts 3, 4, 5, and 8__.....................................

2
4
4

Total..................................................................

10

Trimmers of casings:
District 1
District 2
District 3
District 4..............................................................

;
if) 1
5 !
7 !
22

..
0. 4
5.2
5- 7
5.5

i
i
i
|
l
!
i

2
6
4
3

16
43
8
8

5.7
5.7
5.4 !
6.0 |

4
2
4
1

26
12
12
1

90
82
85
94

1

11
=

48.0
50.4
51.4

43.3
47.1
44.4

90
93
86

10
3
3

2
4

.410
.365
.357

.420
.375
.380

18.16
17. 67
16.87

19.68
18.40
18.35

49.6

44.5

90

16

6

.383

.396

17. 63

19.00

49.9
50.9
50.3
48-0

48.9
53.0
43.2
46.8

98
104
86
98

11
22
5
8

5
21
3

. 365
.383
.418
.346

.364
.397
.406
.349

17.80
21.04
17.54
16.31

18.21
19.49
21.03
16.61

.379

.386

19.47

19.06

....................................

15

75

5.7 | 50.3

50.4

100

46

29

Blowers and tiers of bladders and weasands:
District 1
9 arirf A
District 3..............................................................

3
2
4

25
5
4

5.4
5.0
5.8

48.6
4S. 0
51.3

41.7
41.6
48.9

86
87
95

23
5
2

2
1

1

.401
.344
.396

.409
.350
.440

17.06
14.58
21. 53

16.52
16.51
20.31

Total..................................................................

9

34

5.4

48.7

42.5

87 .........

30

3

1 ......... .........

.392

.405

17.22

19.09

Total




SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Aver­
age

General workers:
District 1-__
District 2___
District 3 .__
District 4 .__
District 5___

5.2
5.2
5.8
3.8
6.0

Total_____

20

143

49.9
50.4
49.1
48.0
52.3

41.8
39.9
43.7
27.4
39.2

5.4

49.9

40.9

25

82

.402
.367
.353
.253
.391

16.80
14.11
15.43
6.94
15.32

19.36
18.46
16.84
11.95
20.50

46

96

.357
.343
.249
.392
.356

.361

14.80

17.76

$0,587
.565
.637
.418
.535
.533

$0,599
.581
.617
.518
.535
.533

$29.83
29.21
30.65
23.95
26.32
27.79

$28.70
28.08
31.72
20.06

.583

.585

29.14

28.86

.453

24.04
22.28
21.24

21.73

16.77

CUTTING O R FRESH -BEEF D EPARTM EN T
MALES

Total____________________________________

3
9

1
2
3

3
3

15

12
0
11
0
10
0

6.0
6.0

52.2

96
98
104

5.8

49.5

49.8

101

49.5
50.6

53.0
50.7
47.3
43.8
49.7
46.5
52.2

107

50.1

10
0

15

1,204

109

23

79
95
81

5
3

6
.0

33

66

Laborers:
District 1__________________________________
District 2__________________________________
District 3......... ..................................... .............
Districts 4 and 7_____________ _________ _____
District 5__________________________ ________
District 6......... —.................................................
District 8...............................................................

10
13
13
7
6
2

632
323
122

5.6
5.6
5.2

5

83
52
28

5.8
5.9
5.9

48.4
52.5
48.0
50.8

Total..................................................................

56

1,767

5.6

49.9

167
150
95

5.7
5.8
5.7
5.8

49.7
50.2
49.0
48.0
51.9
48.0

Luggers and lifters:
District 1..............................................................
District 2__________________________________
District 3....................... .............................................
District 4___________ _______________ _______
District 5................. ..................... ....................
District 0............................. ................................
District 7............................................................
District 8-.............................................................
Total____________________________________




1
0
13
1
1
4

527

21

83

10
3
2
7

20
9
33

60

578

8

49.8
50.3
49.7
46.3
49.2

5.4
5.7
5.9

18
4

2

48.9
49.7
49.8
48.0
50.4
50.0

2
1

5.7

5.8
5.5
6.0

49.4

54.3

51.4
51.0
47.7
51.3
47.0

5

6

15
13
4

3

2

4
2

1

2

46

15

2

15

374
356
250
114

134
68

4
5

.439

96
90

7

1

95
97
103

28

52
15

.378
.418

.419

21.85

18.30
21.95
24.67
21.03

28

.429

.443

22.23

21.41

.519

.532
.536
.549
.557

28.87
27.54

.534
.546
.547

.575

27.02

25.79
26.30
26.17
26.21
27.25

10
0

12
0

44

104
99

2
1

99

42
20

98

5.3

60.0
48.7

60.4
42.1

101
86

5.7

50.0

51.5

103

1
1

367

1

.426
.431

13

1
1

499

1
0

65
55

5

22
9

129

.525

9

31

.363

.440
.449
.383
.422
.521

.526

.502

4
19

.514
.414

.524

9

19

29
23

1

.363
.506

.522

.533

2 .0
10
24.22

28.01
26.61

26.97
21.91
21.33
27.43

26.96
26.65

21.56
21.29

GENERAL TABLES

Bibbers:
District 1 ...............................................................
District 2.....................................................................
District 3__________ ___ ______________
District 4_ ______ ____ _________ ______
_
District 5.......................................................... ...........
District 8 ..............................................................

26.26
21.78

24.45

26.10

00
On

T able A .—

AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

g>
05

CUTTING OB FRESH-BEEF DEPARTM ENT—Continued

Aver­
age
basic or
regular
hours
per
week

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
of
Over
Over
regular Un­
wages
54
48
hours
per
60 Over
and
48
and
54
60
worked der
hour
under
under
48
54
60

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0.481
.508
.502
.478
.600

$0,524
.517
.546
.514
.597

$29.41
27.76
27.12
25.92
28.38

$22.85
26.11
25.05
24.09
30.60

1

.499

.526

28.01

24.85

4

.602
.532
.679
.457
.518

.656
.535
.722
.458
.620

35.66
26.59
34.57
21.15
30.32

28.66
27.03
34.63
21.94
28.44

4 _____

.570

.611

31.20

28.33

7

.912
.978
.643
1.003
.654
.667
.527
.627

.868
.969
.673
1.000
.654
.685
.530
.639

32.66
41.69
33.54
36.71
30.87
28.21
27.60
30.34

44.05
49.88
31.96
48.14
33.16
32.02
27.61
30.03

7

.811

.786

33.85

40.06
■. X
1 .i'JJI

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

males —continued

Sawyers, power:
____ ________
District 1.
District 2.
.................
District 3 ___
Districts 4 and 5
District &..............................................................

6
10
7
4
2

17
21
10
r
>
2

5.6
6.0
6.0
5.8
6.0

47.5
51.4
49.9
50.4
51.0

56.2
53.7
49.7
50.5
47.5

118
104
100
100
93

7

TotaL................................................................

29

55

5.9

49.8

53.2

107

Ham facers, strippers, and markers:
District 1
___
District 2 -.
__ .
District 3.
District 4
Districts 5 and 8..................................................

6
7
4
2
3

25
17
7
5
7

5.8
5.8
5.7
5.8
5.3

47.6
50.8
51.0
48.0
54.9

54.4
49.7
47.9.
46.2
48.9

Total..................................................................

22

61

5.7

49.7

Boners:
District 1..
___ __ —____
District 2
....
District 3
District 4
District 5
District 0.
District 7
District 8 ..............................................................

9
11
13
4
7
3
3
7

184
90
95
44
48
17
37
32

5.6
5.6
5.7
5.7
5.7
4.9
5.5
5.6

T ota l-...............................................................

57

547

5.6




7
9
7
4
1

3
12
2

7

28

18

1

114
98
94
96
89

10

11
9
4
5
3

4
8
1

2

51.0

103

10

32 _____

13

2

48.3
51.0
49.7
48.0
50.7
48.0
52.4
47.9

37.6
43.0
49.8
36.7
47.2
41.2
52.1
47.5

78
84
100
76
93
86
99
99

69

41
45
12

13

11

5

69
45
70
44
30
17
14
25

49.4

43.1

87

74

314

11

1

1

1

5

23
2
100

41

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days
estab­ em­ worked
lish­ ploy­ by em­
ments ees ployees
in one
week

5

7
8
9
3
2
3
7
39

45
65
53
17
14
17
13
224

5.5
5.6
5.6
5.7
5.7
5.2
5.6
5.6

49. 7
50.3
49.5
- 48; 0
48.9
48 0
48.8
49.5

45.5
47.8
50.3
42.4
41.9
39.7
49.0
46.6

92
95
102
88
86
83
100
94

7
11
9
5
3
2
2
3
42

41
53
36
13
7
6
4
8
168

5.9
5.9
5.9
6.1
6.0
5.7
6.0
6.0
5.9

49.9
51.4
49.3
48 9
51.4
48 0
54.5
48.0
50.2

56.3
54.5
49.9
51.0
54.5
44.9
56.0
48.1
53.1

113
106
101
104
106
94
103
100
106

9
7
10
3
10
3
3
8

50
24
15
4
37
21
22
13

5.9
5.7
5.8
6.0
5.8
5.9
6.0
6.1

49.3
50.8
50.1
48.0
55.3
48.0
57.3
48.9

56.1
51.9
46.8
58.6
56.8
48.2
58.0
49.8

114
102
93
122
103
100
101
102

13

2

g

Total____________________________________
Graders and inspectors:
District 1__________________________________
District 2____________________________ ____
District 3________ :__ ___ _____ _______ _______
District 4__________________________________
District 5__________________________________

53

186

5.9

51.5

53.9

105

15

87

4
7
6
2
4

17
11
10
3
4

6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0
5.8

46.4
50.7
49.4
48.0
52.8

63.1
53.5
50,1
52.5
51.1

13G
106
101
109
97

11

5
6
8
3
1

2

Total____________________________________
Packers, meat runners, order men, and stowers:
District 1____ ______________________________
District 2__________________________________
District 3__________________________________
District 4__________________________________
District 5__________________________________
Districts 6 and 8____________________________
District 7—__ •_______ _________________ ____
_

23

45

6.0

48.8

56.1

115

11

23

2

7
11
11
5
10
5
4

204
120
132
68
170
29
26

5.8
5.9
5.5
5.8
5.7
5.9
5.8

49.9
51.4
49.1
49.0
51.1
49.2
57.7

53.6
55.2
46.5
47.5
51.6
48.6
58.1

107
107
95
97
101
99
101

15

113
52
108
57
100

Total____________________________________

53

749

5.7

50.4

51.6

102

15




1

1
6

4
4

17
25
4

24
13
11
4
6
21

1

1

1

.503
.500
.447
.461
.443
.515
.531
.484

.540
.505
.474
.468
.444
.557
.514
.502

24.56
24.17
23.82
19.82
18.59
22.10
25.17
23.39

25.00
25.15
22.13
22.13
21.66
24.72
25.91
23.96

. 507
.543
.563
.491
.576
.660
.616
. 599
.545

.528
.547
.566
.494
.582
.677
.614
. 595
.551

29.72
29.81
28.27
25.19
31.72
30.41
34.42
28.66
29.26

25.30
27.91
27.76
24.01
29.61
31.68
33.57
28.75
27.36

.556
.546
.725
.498
.615
.662
.518
.607

.593
.555
.710
.596
.617
.680
.518
.602

33.25
28.84
33.26
34.92
35.07
32.76
30.00
29.98

27.41
27.74
36.32
23^90
34.01
31.78
29.68
29.68

.590

.601

32.41

30.39

1

.452
.519 !
.540
.425
.580

.499
.520
.556
.428
.586

31.52
27.85
27.83
22.48
29.94

20.97
26.31
26.68
20.40
30.62

1 ______

.498

.518

29.06

24.30

.458
.461
.446
.417
.455
. 591
.397

.472
.472
.462
.425
.457
.587
.395

25.30
26.07
*21.44
20.17
23.60
28.53
22.95

22.85
23.70
21.90
20.43
23.25
29.08
22.91

.455

.464

23.93

22.93

1

2

2
52

2

1

3

4

9
11
2

1

12

4
1

1
3

12

25

18

12

10

14

33

1
5
2

6
76
68
21
11

30

23
453

1
9

10
30
g
2

29
23
28
11
5
6
1
2
105

8

1
47

23
40
41
17
13
17
10
161

2

3
6
12

34
14

21

48

6
30

182

=

GENERAL TABLES

Trimmers:
District 1__________________________________
District 2__ ________________________________
District 3____________________ ______________
District 4___ _____ ____ _
District 51._________________________ _ ___
District 6__________________________________
Districts 7 and 8____________________________
Total____________________________________
Utility men, handy men, spell men, assistant fore­
men, and straw bosses:
District 1_______________ __________________
District 2._______________ I_________________
District 3__________________________________
District 4__________________________________
District 5__________________________________
District 6__________________________________
District 7__________________________________
District 8_
Total____________________________________
Cutters and general butchers:
District 1__________________________________
District 2__________________________________
District 3_______________________ ___________
District 4..________________________________
District 5__________________________________
District 6__________________________________
District 7____________ ______________________
District 8___ _______________________________

T a b le A .—

AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

00

00

CUTTING OB FRESH-BEEF DEPARTM ENT—Continued

Sex occupation, and district

males—continued
Truckers:
__ _______ __ __ _
_ _
District 1
__
District 2
_______________________
District 3
______ ________________
District 4
District 5
_
- _____ Districts 6 and 7
- __ District 8
- ______________ _

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
Over
of
Over
regular Un­
54
wages
48
hours der
per
54
and
and
60 Over
48
60
worked 48
hour
under
under
54
60

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,428
.424
.421
.384
.418
.480
.464

$0,444
.428
.436
. 388
.425
.488
.463

$23.17
21.08
20.38
17.86
20.89
24.28
21.35

$21.06
21.50
21.18
18.43
21.49
23.71
23.48

21 _____ | .424

.435

21.66

21.24

.484
.450
.467
.423
.489
.507
.456

.501
.456
.472
.423
.495
.524
.523

26.12
24.63
24.72
20.70
25.30
24.78
28.56

24.93
22.50
23.58
20.52
27.82
24.34
24.03

.473

.485

25.15

24.12

.631
.987
.922
1.274
1.351
.711
.886

.659
1.036
.922
1.233
1.285
.721
.900

34.81
45.29
50.68
49.69
64.68
33.45
49.28

30.22
49.65
46.01
61.15
75.66
34.13
43.86

3 _____ | . 971

.958

46.13

47.97

6
11
12
2
6
2
3

239
160
111
20
76
5
7

5.5
5.5
5.5
5.8
5. 5
5.8
5.9

49.2
50.7
50.3
48.0
51.4
49.4
50.6

52.2
49.2
46.7
46.0
49.1
49.8
46.1

106
97
93
96
96
101
91

41

42

618

5.5

50.1

49.8

99

41

366

Freezer and temperature men:
District 1
_____________________
District 2
u , ..... .......
,
District 3
__ __ _________ __ ____
________ _______________
District 4_
District 5
_________________ _______
District 6
____ _______________________
District 8

7
10
10
4
7
2
4

83
44
54
13
21
27
9

5.7
5.8
5.9
5.9
5.4
5.6
6.1

51.5
50.0
50.5
48.5
56.9
48.0
52.7

52.1
54.0
52.4
49.0
51.1
47.3
54.6

101
108
104
101
90
99
104

7

25
29
39
12
3
27
2

Total_____________________________________

44

251

5.8

51.0

51.8

102

7

137

4
6
8
4
3
2
4

16
23
33
27
3
9
4

5.9
5.2
5.7
5.6
5.3
5.9
6.0

47.9
50.3
49.9
48.0
60.0
48.0
49.5

52.9
43.7
54.9
40.3
50.3
46.4
54.8

110
87
no
84
84
97
111

1

31

115

5.6

49.4

48.2

98

1

Total____________________________________

Calf skinners:
District 1
District 2
District 3
District 4.
District 5»
District 6 *
■
District 8

_______________________
______________________

_

___

Total_____________________________________




126
87
71
20
54
4
4

72
73
27
1

13
1

21

3
i

175

14

50
15
9
1

4

1
2

2

14

82

6

15

14
14
24
27

1
9
1

8

9
3

1

91

12

2
7
2

3

8

2

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

SLAUGHTEKING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week

FEMALES

Trimmers of trimmings:
District 2...............................................
District 3...........................................
Districts 5 and 8.........................................

4
3

2

18
4
14

5.3
5.3
4.9

51.7
49. 5
53.6

44.9
41.6
42.0

87
84
78

Total....................................................

9

36

5.1

52.2

43.4

83

1
1
1

1

.384

13

7
3

.263

.319
.264

17.47
13.29 ;
j
13.12 !

19.85
15.79
14.10

.330

.335

14.53

17.23

$0. 453 $21.85
.442
21.01
.432
19. 72
Q O 16.73
A
•ooy
.427
18. 59
. 4fi2 21. 59
.458
26.03
.430
21.48

$22.52
22.09
20.98
17. 59
21.13
24.08
25.19
20.38

• IG
J

..........!..........

25

i 1
1

QQ
Q

CUTTING O B FRESH-PORK DEPARTMENT

Laborers:9
. District
District
District
District
District
District
District
District

MALES
1..............................................................
2..............................................................
3.................................................
4...................................................
5....................................................
6........................................................
7...........................................................
8...........................................................

Total..................................................................
Ham and shoulder sawyers:
District 1...........................................................

9
14
16
5
8
5
3j
i
4
64

180
337
571
12
157
119
8
5

5.7
5.8
5.5
5. 5
5.8
5.6
5.6
6.0

51.3
50.9
50.2
49.0
50.2
52.7
55. 0
47.4

48.2
47.5
45.6
45.3
43.5
46.7
5 .9
f>
50.0

94
93
91
92
87
89
103
105

1

4

1,389

5.6

50.7

46.3

91

1

818

96
94
92
80
89
92

7
17
29
8
1
i
7i

91

69 :.........

District 3..............................................................
District 5..............................................................
District 6...................................................
Districts 7 and 8..........................................

6
10
11
3
3
4

14
20
38
10
5
9

6.0
5.8
5.6
5.9
5.8
5.3

51.4
48.9
49. 6
50.4
52. 8
49.4

i
49.4 ■
45.8
45.4
40.5
46. 8
| 45.6

Total................................................................

37

96

5.7 !

50.0

45.6

Ham cutters-off:
District 1...........................................................
District 2...........................................................
District 3...........................................................
District 5..............................................................
District 6..............................................................

82
174
401
10
119
28

!
2!
i
8 i
14 1

98
163
94
2
11

11

88

49
g

445

57

g
3
6

2

3i

27
o
U

57 .........i

$0.439
.434
.418
.359
.421
.457
.458
.430
.428

.439

20.36

21.70

2
2

.523
. 513
.505
.474
.484
.547

.546
27.01
. 531 24.32
.521
23.64
.478
19.37
.491 j 22.97
1
. 552 i 25.17
;

26. S8
25.09
25.05
23. 89
25.55
27.02

4

.509

. 525 ; 23.94

25.45

1

4
1
20

27

4
6.0
52.0
44.8
86
.574
. 587 ! 26.34
i
1 6.0
48.0
41.4
86
.524
. 55;> : 22.99
3
1
'
5.5
49.9
42.4
85
1
. 507
. 522 22. !7
2
i
49. 3
5.6
38.0
77
.523
.518 1 19.69
?l1
j
2
j
51.1
93 .........:
2!
.528
.531
27.12
!
1 6 ,0 ! 55.2
* !
Total.................................................................
1 46 i
5.7 | 50.3
31 i
!
42.7
85 .........! » ! !
9
1
.524
. 537; 22. 96
3 |
2
i
.
,
■
--------.-------- !-------- ,-------- 1
-------- ,-------- _
-------- 1
-----------1 ------- =
--— ----•Includes shovers, spacers, temperature men, counters, cutters-down, block tenders, sawyers-ofi of feet, wrappers, machine tenders, cooler men, and skin bundlors.




6
7
11
2
5

6
8
19
8
5

29.85
25.15
25.30
25.78
29.15
26.36
---- a

T able

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

<©
°

CUTTING OB FRESH POBK DEPARTM ENT— Continued
l
Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
regular Un­
hours der
worked 48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
rate
of
Over wages
per
60
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0.627
.613
.602
.524
.592
.601

$0,636
.620
.629
.529
.606
.597

$28. 73
25.89
29.08
24.21
25.15
34.13

$31.66
30.16
30.40
26.72
28.59
33.06

.601

.616 ! 27.62

30.11

.816
.875
.627
.864
.628
.585
.525
. 766

.817
.835
.647
.874
.642
.576
.620
.773

28.84
30.96
29.50
33.90
30.59
29. 52
27.29
32.98

41.13
44.45
31.16
41.82
32.72
32.23
28.82
38.30

.706

.691

30.07

36.29

.602
. 620
.552
. 565
.453

.643
.634
.570
.508
.465

32.20
28.60
27.78
23.84
22.20

.568

.585

27. 95 | 28.63

males —continued

Ham trimmers:
District 1
District 2
District 3
Districts 4 and 6
District 5
District 7..............................................................

7
13
11
4
3
2

17
35
52
10
13
5

5.6
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.9
5.8

50.5
49.2
50.5
51.0
48.3
55.0

46.1
41.8
46.2
45.8
41.5
57.2

89
85
91
90
86
104

10
28
34
5
11

2

Total..................................................................

40

132

6.7

50.1

44.8

89

88

2

Ham boners:
District 1
District 2
District 3
District 4
District 5
_
District 6
District 7
District 8..............................................................

8
13
15
5
12
6
4
4

45
50
07
16
47
44
11
6

5.5
5.1
5.7
5.5
5.8
5.7
5.6
6.0

50.4
50.8
49.7
48.4
52.1
55.1
54.9
50.0

35.3
37.1
45.6
38.8
47.6
51.3
52.5
42.7

70
73
92
80
91
93
96
85

27
27
50
15
23
4

Total..................................................................

67

286

5.5

51.4

43.5

85

150

Choppers-off, shoulders, and choppers, ribs:
District 1
District 2
District 3
_
T)i<5trirt 5
District 6..............................................................

6
10
10
2
2

12
12
21
5
6

5.9
5.8 1
6.0
6.0
5.8

50.0
49.0
60.3 i
50.4 1
54.0

51.0
45.1
48.8
42.0
47.7

102
92
97
83
88

50.4

47.7

95

Total—...............................................................




30

56

i
!
!
i
|

5. 9

7
7
13
5

2

32

7

3 .........!

18
23
10
1

6

1

1

19
1
2

13
21

10

74

17

35

8
10
16
4

4
2
1

1

3
1

38

13 i
!

1

4

10

4
10

3

5

6

j
!
!
|

30.10
30.33
27.77
28.48
24.46

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
lish­ ploy­
hours
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week




6
1
0
1
1

19
25
37

2

9
4
104

3
4

36

6
8
1
0
2
2
28
3
5

1
1

4
23
4
9

1
2
2

1
0

17
16
28
5
3
69
4

5.9
5.7
5.6
5.6
5.2
5.0
5.6

51.8
49.2
49.5
53.4
5?. 3
?
55.0
50.7

49.2
41.0
44.2
46.3
42.1
50.7
44.6

5.9
5.7
5.7

50.5
48.8
49.4
50.4
52.0
49.7

48.7
41.2
43.1
38.1
45.2
43.8

54.0
50.0
50.0
50.3
50.4

54.5
42.4
47.0
41.7
46.1

5.5
5.7

50.4
49.8
50.4
48.0
50.8
52.5
50.4

47.7
42.2
44.3
31.3
40.0
45.1
43.5

5.7
5.8
5.8

50.6
48.9
49.7

6
.0

5.3
5.8

6
.0

30

6
8

5.7
5.9

48

5.9

5

1
0
2

36

3
3
33

5
4
62

6
1
0
1
1

2
0

23

36

6
.0
6
.0

5.8
5.6
5.5

6
.0

2
3
2
34

5
10
2
96

6.0
5.9
5.5
5.8

48.0
52.2
55.0
50.0

6
9
11
6
2
2
35

15
21
40
21
4
3

5.9
5.9
5.6
5.8
6.0
5.0
5.7

50.8
49.4
49.4
49.6
54.0
48.0
49.8

104

1
2

7

95
83
89
87
80
92

29
4

3

8
8

61

3

96
84
87
76
87

1
0

8
8
11
0
85
94
83
91

95
85

8
8
65
79

2
0
1

53

1
1

2

2

4
30

3
3

3
7
24

2
1

3

94
94
94
75
92
99
93

1
1

13
17
28

47.9
64.2

42.7

90
85
88
79
90
80
86

2
2

28.59
25.49
27.06
26.54
28.82
29.59
27.18

.579
.531
.577
.499
.549
.561

28.20

3

.546
.518
.545
.495
.560
.536

24.85
19.03
24.80
24.56

27.57
25.28
26.92
24.95
29.12
26.64

1
1
2

.526
.507
.489
.506
.497

.522
.532
.513
.518
.517

28.46
22.55
24.10
21.58
23.85

28.40
25.35
24.45
25.45
25.05

.509
.518
.513
.525
.495
.528
.513

.531
.638
.534
.602
.520
.529
.535

25.33

23.65
18.82
20.79
23.86
23.26

25.65
25.80
25.86
25.20
25.15
27.72
25.86

.552
.546

.575
.565

3

1
1
1

5

8
2
3
8

2

3
16

2
1

2

3

2

2

3
4
7

66

24

8
16
32

7
5
5

3
76

27.88
21.76
26.13
23.76
23.43
27.30
24.98

5

1
0

5
3

17

.566
.530
.591
.513
.556
.539
.560

4

•
4

2
2

.552
.518
.547
.497
.551
.538
.536

1
2

7

2

47.5
46.2
46.9

45.5
42.2
43.4
39.1
48.4
38.5

4
7

2
2

40

4a 6

30

3

14
23
4

8
6
8
6

36.2

5
4
9

1

2
4

2

2
1

i
2

4
1

21

3

3

.557
.494
.550
.600
.550
.549
.538
.563
.568
.520
.602
.558

.585
.494
.555
.603
.572
.557

.547
.588
.574
.520
.632
.558

2 .8
18

2 .6
28

27.32
26.09
27.45
17.90
26.57
32.66
26.65

25.36
23.08
25.56
22.44
25.16
24.32
24.35

27.93
26.70

27.68
23.71
28.71
33.00
27.50
27.89
26.58

27.81
28.17

28.08
28.90
27.79

GENERAL TABLES

Shoulder trimmers:
District 1............. .......................................
District 2.....................................................
District 3.....................................................
Districts 4 Mid 6............ ..............- ...............
District 5.....................................................
District?....................................................
Total—......... ..... ......................................
Shoulder boners:
District l__...... ...........................................
District 2.....................................................
District 3.......... .............. ........ ...................
District 5.......... ...................... ...................
District 6.....................................................
Total.......................................................
Butt pullers:
District 1.....................................................
Districts________________ ___ _____
District 3...... .............................................
Districts 5 and 6...........................................
Total........................................................
Scibe sawyers:
District 1_________ _______ _______
District 2.................................. ..... ............
District 3.................................. ........ .........
District 4..................................._
................
District 5...... _
.............................................
District 6.....................................................
Total........................................................
Loin pullers:
District 1................ ................... ................
District 2. . . __ ; ..... ...................................
.
District 3............ . ................................... .
Districts 4 and 5......... ............................... .........
District 6..............................................................
District 7..............................................................
Total..................................................................
Bibbers:
District 1...... ...... .......................................
District 2..............................................................
District 3..............................................................
Districts 5 and 7...................................................
District 6................. ............................................
District 8..............................................................
T o ta ls ...........................................................

T able A .—

AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued
C U TTIN G

O R F R ESH -FO R K D E P A RT M E N T —Continued

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
lish­ ploy­ by em­ hours
ments ees ployees per
week
in one
week

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
regular Un­
hours
worked der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
rate
of
Over wages
per
60
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0.554
.530
.503
.461
.496
.528
.595
.796

$0.561
. 550
.518
.461
.501
.530
.594
.779

$25.55
21.55
23.41
17.21
19.82
26.03
32.32
34.22

$28.03
25.97
24.90
22.13
24.75
28.93
32.73
39.00

.522

.533

23.43

26.20

.657
.641
.571
.521
.643
.463
.863

.715
.650
.625
.553
.616
.472
.821

35.97
28.60
29.29
26.26
29.75
24.80
38.11

33.70
31.09
28.09
26.57
35.43
25.37
41.42

m ales—continued
Trimmers, and ham and shoulder skinners:
__________
District 1
__ _ _ __________
District 2
__
District 3
__ __ ___ ___ _
_
District 4
_____ __________ _
District 5
_ ________ ______________
District 6
________________________ _
_____ _ _
_
District 7
_
District 8
__
__________

9
13
13
3
9
6
2
2

126
125
279
8
77
75
5
6

5.7
5.4
5.7
5.1
5.8
5.8
5.6
5.5

50.6
49.0
49.5
48.0
49.9
54.8
55.0
.49.0

45.6
39.2
45.2
37.3
39.5
49.1
54.4
43.9

90
80
91
78
79
90
99
90

71
104
221
8
59
9

Total..................................................................

57

701

5.6

50.2

44.0

88

477

Trimmers of trimmings:
District 1
__ ______ _____ ______
___________ _____ _
District 2
__ _____ _____
Districts 3 and 7
District 4
_ _
____ __
District 5
____ __________________________
District 6
_
________________ ________
District 8
... _

7
7
14
3
6
6
3

69
38
137
4
25
54
7

5.3
5.7
5.8
5.8
5.6
5.9
5.6

51.3
48.5
49.2
51.0
55.1
54.8
48.0

50.3
44.0
46.9
47.5
48.3
52.5
46.4

98
91
95
93
88
96
97

31
35
113
2
7
2
7

..........................................................

46

334

5.7

50.9

48.3

95

197

Utility men, handy men, all-round men, assistant
foremen, and straw bosses:
District 1
__ _______________
District 2
- __ _______ ______
District 3
_ __
__________________
District 5.............. ................................ ..............

7
12
15
6

41
53
78
27

5.7
5.9
6.0
5.9

52.2
49.8
49.7
50.9

49.4
48.1
52.3
51.6

95
97
105
101

14
37
62
19

Total




55
21
30
8

47
1

5
8

5

5

2

21

5

7
10
19

154

26

36

38
3
14
2

7

3
13
9

43
100

7

25

.590

.622

30.05

30.03

25
16
7

2
3

6
6

.547
.550
.551
.565

.573
.545
.569
.570

28.30
26.20
29.73
29.37

28.55
27.39
27.38
28.76

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

<©
N

District 6........................
Districts 7 and 8.....................
LZ— o620S

Total.......................................
Packers, nailers, car stowers, and small-order men:
District 1..........................................
District 2.........................................
District 3..............................................................
District 4..........................................
District 5.... .......................................
District 6.........................................................
District 7........................................................
District 8__.............. ............................ _
Total___ *.......................................................

3
2

5.9
6.0

52.3
49.2

50.4 |
1
55.5

96
113

4
5

45

14
• 6
219

5.9

50.5

50.6

100

141

6
13
16
4
9
6
3
5

91
213
341
13
162
113
29
15

5.8
5.7
5.7
5.4
5.6
5.8
5.8
5.9

49.6
50 3
50.1
49 4
55.0
56.1
57.4
48.4

50.0
49.4
48.0
47.4
51.5
52.3
57.4
49.5

101
98
96
96
94
93
100
102

68
129
236
10
35
14
6

5

6

497

977

5.7

51.8

49.9

96

6
11
14
2
6
3
2

54
138
249
3
91
34
2

5.5
5.5
5.6
6.0
5.6
5.8
6.0

51.1
51.7
49.8
48.0
52.1
52.4
55.0

46.3
44.9
46.1
49.3
46.'3
53.6
58.0

91
87
93
103
89
102
105

26
53
186
3
54
9

Total..................................................................

44

571

5.6

50.9

46.4

91

331

Trimmers of trimmings:
District 1__________ ________________________
District 2................. ........... ............................ .
District 3.............................................................
Districts 4 and 8
........................................
District 5..............................................................
District 6......... ..................... ................ ..............

6
10
12
3
9
4

139
208
303
11
130
27

5.5
5.5
5.5
4.5
5.5
5.3

49.8
49.5
50.8
46.6
50.2
51.3

44.0
40.0
45.1
32.7
41.6
40.0

88
81
89
70
83
78

99
156'
197
6
58
13

Total................... .............................................

44

818

5.5

50.1

42.7

85

Miscellaneous workers:
District 1..............................................................
District 2............ ............................. ........... ........
District 3....................................... ............ ........
Districts 5 and 6..................................................

2
4
6
4

10
13
26
20

5.8
5.8
5.4
5.8

51.0
53.1
49.0
52.0

50.6
43.9
43.2
49.2

99
86
88
95

Total..................................................................

16

69

2

58

.570 1 .574
.630 | .618

1

28.93
34.29

29.81
31.00

4

14

.555

.566

28.64

28.03

2
21

g

15

79
53
14

.458
.437
.435
. 396
1466
.462
.448
.509

.470
.449
.446
.395
1478
.466
.446
.506

23.47
22.19
21.44
18.72
24.61
24.36
25.53
25.05

22.72
33.09
21.79
19.56
36.74
37.02
25.72
24.64

234

36

156

.447

.457

22.80

23.15

28
85
30

28

e
O

.437
.418
.424
.360
.429
.455
.475

.446
.427
.431
.358
.434
.471
.474

20.63
19.16
19.88
17.65
20.12
25.25
27.52

22.33
21.61
21.12
17.28
22.35
23.84
26.13

21
84
76
3
48
46
4
48

8
25
8

29
2

168

30

34

.426

.435

20.15

21.68

40
52
48

29

29

21

45
10

4

.387
.451
.413
. 669
1420
.478

.407
.461
.422
.594
.413
.474

17.93
18.44
19.00
19.21
17.17
18.98

19.27
19.80
20.98
31.18
21.08
24.52

21

195

33

29

.425

.430

18.39

21.29

5
2
22
4

4

5
11
2
12

2

.363
1320
.328
.382

.359
.328
.332
.382

18.15
15.08
14.38
18.81

29.62
28.10
16.07
19.86

33

4

30

2

.347

.351

16.34

17.66

FEMALES

5.6

50.9

46.5

MIncludes packers, inspectors, wrappers, helpers, skin bundlers, labelers, graders, etc.




91

5
6
11

529

GENERAL TABLES

62

Truckers:
District 1...............................................................
District 2.............................................. ................
District 3............ .................................................
Districts 4 and 8...................................................
District 5........................ ....................................
District 6..............................................................
District 7..............................................................

10

T able

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued
LARD AND OLEO-OIL DEPARTMENT

Aver­
age

Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week
num­

Sex, occupation, and district

—

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
of
Over
Over
regular Un­
wages
48
54
hours der
per
60 Over
and
48
54
and
60
worked 48
hour
under
under
54
60

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full*
time
week

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,449
.434
.426
.366
.412
.467
.414
.460

$21.52
21.92
20.80
18.19
20.83
23.44
22.72
21.88
2123

“ 'T ...... ”
MALES

Laborers:
District 1 - . . . . . .
_________ . . _
District 2 _ ______ _
___________ ______ __ __
District 3__
District 4
District 5
District 6
__ ____
District 7
__
District 8..............................................................
Total..................................................................
Melters:1
1
District 1 ___
_
__ _______
District 2 _
District 3____
______ . . . . . . _________
District 4 . . .
_
_________
District 5
_
....
District 6
......
District 7
District 8...............................................................
Total______________ ______________ _______
Roller men:
District 1
District 2
District 3
District 4
District 5
_
Districts 6 and 7
District 8...............................................................
Total............ ..................... ..............................




10
14
16
a
8
7
4
5
70

328
272
177
113
75
53
6
15
1,039

5.7
5.5
5.6
5.4
5.7
5.8
6.0
5.9
5.6

49.7
51.2
49.4
50.1
50.8
51.3
55.0
48.4
50.3

49.5
46.5
45.8
45.9
48.4
47.9
54.8
49.4
47.6

100
91
93
92
95
93
100
102 _____
95

11
13
15
6
12
8
2
7
74

96
103
92
19
48
30
2
11
401

6.0
5.7
6.0
6.1
6.0
5.9
6.0
6.1
5.9

51.5
51.6
49.9
50.3
50.3
53.4
55.0
50.7
51.1

56.4
50.9
54.5
52.3
54.7
50.1
55.0
55.7
53.7

110
99
109
104
2
109
94
100
110 _____
105
2

8
11
11
6
6
4
7
53

13
19
14
11
7
6
7
77

5.9
5.8
6.0
6.0
5.9
6.0
6.0
5.9

50.8
49.3
49.7
49.6
51.3
54.3
49.7
50.3

59.0
49.8
52.4
56.3
52.6
52.5
50.8
53.3

116
101
105
114
103
97
102
106

235
127
141
74
54
30

4

17

14 _____
675
4
53
41
66
15
29
9

9

9 _____
222
9
7
15
11
8
3
1
5
50

92
145
25
39

1
319
28
62
21
2

6

8

3
1

2

15

2

8
6

2
1 _____ _____
24
129
12

2
2
19

.493
.474
.483
.435
.475
.530
.609
.522
.485

.501
.480
.490
.452
.480
.538
.609
.525
.493

28.24
24.44
26.74
23.64
26.29
26.96
33.50
29.25
26.43

25.39
24.46
24.10
21.88
23.89
28.30
33.50
26.47
24.78

.504
.455
.511
.426
.448
.526
.509
.479

.531
.463
.518
.434
.467
.530
.522
.492

31.33
23.04
27.17
24.46
24.59
27.85
26.49
26.22

26.60
22.43
25.40
21.13
22.98
28.56
25.30
24.09

4

6
4
2
3
2

-431

$22.22
20.21
19.52
16.79
19.92
22.36
22.65
22.74
20.49

$0,433
.428
.421
.363
.410
17
.457
6
.413
6
.452
_____ _____
.422
27
14
1

7

1
1
2

1
1

3

3

1
1

1
3

9
14
16
6
13
7
3
7

107
100
77
20
53
26
16
25

5.6
5.7
5.8
5.4
5.8
5.9
5.6
5.9

49.7
50.1 !
49.7 !
48.9
51.8
53.8
55.9
49.9

49.5
46.8
47.6
47.0
49.9
50.8
54.4
46.9

100
93
96
96
96
94
97
94

4

Total_______________________________ ____ .

75

424

5.7

50.5

48.6

96

4

Pumpers and refiners:
District 1..............................................................
District 2..............................................................
District 3...................... ........... ............ .............
District 4..............................................................
District 5.............................................. ................
District 6 .............................................................
District 8_.............................................................

4
10
11
6
9
3
>7

37
30
37
13
14
5
12

5.9
5.9
5.9
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.1

49.5
50.0
50.6
49.6
53.7
54.0
48.5

56.0
51.6
49.8
52.2
57.2
54.7
51.8

113
103
98
105
107
101
107

28
20
29
11
4
1
11

77
65
57
17
21
7

30
35
14
3

Total................................................................

50

148

5.9

50.1

53.0

106

104

Utility men, handy men, straw bosses, and assist­
ant foremen:
District 1..............................................................
District 2............ ...............................................
District 3............................................................
District 4..............................................................
District 5..............................................................
District 6..............................................................
District 7..............................................................
District 8................... .......................... ...............

6
12
14
5
7
5
2
6

19
37
35
17
14
10
3
8

6.1
6.0
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.8
6.0
6.1

50.9
50.4
49.4
49.8
50.8
57.0
54.3
48.8

58.0
52.5
49.6
54.6
53.6
52.9
57.5
53.3

114
104
100
no
106
93
106
109

2

10
22
28
12
6

Total................... ............................................

57

143

6.0

50.7

53.1

105

2

Pressmen or wheelmen:
District 1____________________________ ______
District 2__________________________________
District 3____________________________ ______
District 4__________________________________
District 5_____. ______ . . .
________________
District 6_________________________ _________
District 7____ ________ ______________________

9
13
14
4
s
5
3

129
70
69
12
23
22
4

5.7
5.8
5.7
5.9
5.3
5.5
5.8

49.8
51.1
50.0
48.0
50.3
49.6
55.0

50.1
51.3
48.7
50.4
46.8
46.7
61.6

101
100
97
105
93
94
112

92
34
47
12
14
18

Total_____ . . . . _______________ ___ ________

56

329

5.7

50.1

49.8

99

217

23.65
20.42
22.22
19.42
23.04
24.48
25.76
20.88

22.71
21.69
22.46
19.85
23.31
25.45
26.50
21.76

.447

.460

22.32

22.57

1

.488
.464
.469
.489
.531
.513
.611

.502
.472
.481
.494
.532
.521
.610

28.14
24.34
23.94
25.77
30.41
28.48
31.57

24.16
23.20
23.73
24.25
28.51
27.70
29.63

1

.493

.503

26.62

24.70

.503
.516
.565
.443
.541
.607
.444
.630

.516
.520
.561
.444
.540
.606
.438
.622

29.95
27.25
27.87
24.28
28.93
32.06
25.21
33.17

25.60
26.01
27.91
22.06
27.48
34.60
24.11
30.74

9

.531

.531

28.20

26.92

.460
.456
.476
.417
.446
.465
.463

.477
.466
.487
.418
.456
.476
.466

23.88
23.90
23.74
21.08
21.33
22.26
28.70

22.91
23,30
23.80
20.02
22.43
23.06
25.47

.461

.473

23.52

23.10

2
13

14
6
3

103

20

24

1

2

13
8

12

4

4

6
1

3
1

2

5

5

29

1

8
15
5
5

1

1

1

5
2
1

1

3
5

41

4

34
36
19

2

7
85

.478
.436
.467
.414
.462
.482
.474
.445

1

9
10
5
1

12

17
261

.457
.433
.452
.406
.450
.473
.474
.436

5

2

1

2

1

1

3
2

2
91

9

1

4
9

7

GENBEAIi TABLES

Fillers:
District 1..............................................................
District 2..............................................................
District 3..............................................................
District 4....... ......................................................
District 5......................................................... .
District 6..............................................................
District 7..............................................................
District 8......... .................. .................................

u Includes kettlemen, cooks, settlers, clarifiers, skimmers, tankmen, and oleo makers.




CD
Oi

T able A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

CD
o>

LARD AND OLEO-OIL DEPARTMENT—Continued

fem a£

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
of
Over
Over
regular Un­
54
48
Over wages
hours der
per
54
60
and
and
worked 48
hour
under
under
54

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one

!0.336
.314
.305
.268
.287
.302
.311

$0,348
.322
.311
.268
.292
.303
.334

$17.61
13.81
13.67
10.58
13.01
13.96
14.75

$16.93
15.29
15.07

.314

14.02

15.07

$0,426
.418
.414
.367
.413
.445
.425
.473

$0,435
.426
.417
.370
.418
.446
.421
.478

$19.87
21.29
21.35
18.55
21.50
20.06
18.57
23.60

$21.26
21.40
20.45
17.69
22.01
25.37
23.38
22.70

.415

.421

20.84

21.00

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

s

Can washers, tub liners, fillers, and labelers:
District 1....................................................
District 2.........................................- ........District 3....................................................
District 4....................................................
District 5....................................................
District 6....................................................
District 8....................................................
Total.......................................................

5.7
5.5
5.6
4.9
5.8
6.0
5.6
42

255

50.4
48.7
49.4
48.0
50.2
48.0
49.6

50.6
42.9
43.9
39.5
44.6
46.0
44.1

5.5

49.4

44.6

20

100

90

88

198

50

40
49
36
28
20

19
57
9
1

12.86

14.41
14.50
15.43

SAUSAGE DEPARTM EN T
MALES

I forkers:
L

I
j
I
>
5
j

I
Total...




____
____
___
..............
. . . . ___
_

_

5
10
10
4
9
2
2

5.6
5.8
5.9
5.8
5.6
6.0
4.5
5.6

49.9
51.2
49.4
48.2
53.3
57.0
55.0
48.0

45.7
50.0
51.1
50.2
51.5
51.8
44.1
49.4

92
98
103
104
97
91
80
103

1

4

60
106
46
29
42
2
4
11

46

300

5.7

50.6

49.5

98

2

1

3

1

1

4

18
1

11
184

3

87

4

20

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
lish­ ploy- by em- hours
per
ments
m one week
week

Machine tenders:1
1
District 1__________________________ ______ _
District 2............... .........................................
District 3__________________________________
District 4__________________________________
District 5__________________________________
District 6....... ......................................................
District 7________________ _________ _ ______
_
District 8.............................................................

10
13
16
6
13
6
3
8

74
104
94
29
60
26
7
24

5.7
5.9
5.8
5.6
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0

49.3
50.0
49.1
49.0
53.4
56.3
56.4
49.0

50.1
52.2
50.2
51.1
58.4
58.2
58.8
50.1

102
104
102
104
109
103
104
102

2

17

Total____________________________________

75

418

5.8

50.5

52.6

104

9

261

Casing workers:1
8
District 1__________________________________
Districts 2 and 8............ ......................................
District 3.............................................................
District 4..............................................................
District 5__________________________________
District 6__________________________________

4
9
6
2
6
5

14
34
29
2
18
10

5.9
5.8
5.9
6.0
6.0
5.8

50.6
48.7
48.4
48.0
49.4
54.0

53.7
48.4
52.1
50.8
53.1
53.0

106
99
108
106
107
98

8
30
27
2
13
2
82

5

2

51
70
79
24
18
2

18
34
11
5

38

.492

.510

26.82

24.85

1
2

.454
.412
.441
.503
.449
.489

.467
.415
.449
.518
.464
.493

25.09
20.12
23.40
26.30
24.65
26.18

22.97
20.06
21.34
24.14
22.18
26.41

.441

.450

23.10

21.83

.498
.602
.499
.723
. 552
.524
.498
.511

.566
.605
.524
.717
.556
.547
.499
.517

27.20
29.28
26.41
31. 53
31.56
31.40
27.42
27.04

24.55
30.04
24.70
35.21
28.59
29.61
27.34
25.55

34

.543

.566

28.74

27.58

2
25

.417
.448
.418
.521
.447

.421
.454
.419
.524
.453

19.52
23.16
21.17
27.90
23.71

20.02
21.86
20.48
26.05
25.66

27

.461

.467

23.91

23.60

.415
.438
.419
.420
.443

21.08
22.47
19.59
22.90
29.53

19.20
22.44
20.48
20.40
22.10

.428

22.52

20.99

22
12
2

85

12

1

6

5.9

49.5

51.4

104

10
12
15
6
13
6
4
8

102
97
65
17
49
44
14
18

5.6
5.7
5.8
5.6
5.9
6.0
5.9
6.1

49.3
49.9
49.5
48.7
51.8
56.5
54.9
50.0

48.0
48.4
50.4
44.0
55.8
57.4
55.0
52.3

97
97
102
90
108
102
100
105

4

Total____________________________________

74

406

5.8

50.8

50.7

100

9

234

Linkers, twisters, tiers, and hangers:
District 1__________________________________
District 2__________________________________
Districts 4, 7, and 8__________ _____ ____ ____
District 5__________________________________
District 6__________________________________

5
6
3
6
5

25
52
7
45
43

5.9
6.0
5.9
5.7
5.8

48.0
48.8
49.0
50.0'
57.4

46.4
51.0
50.5
53.0
52.4

97
105
103
106
91

2

22
45
6
18

22

1

3

4

2

2

22
2
6

12

12
20

95

18

22

91

17
24
31
8
2

107

4

16

12

5

23.96
24.90
22.83
21.22
28.89
29.11
26.85
25.82

5

4

32

3

26.31
26.38
24.53
22.60
31.98
30.89
27.73
26.85

5

12
5

13

Total..................................................................

73
66
51
15
15
2

.525
.505
.489
.442
.548
.531
.472
.536

2

6
4
1

13

Staffers:
District 1__________________________________
District 2__________________________________
District 3__________________________________
District 4__________________________________
District 5__________________________________
District 6__________________________________
District 7_______- __________________________
District 8_____________ _____________________

5

.486
.498
.465
.433
.541
.517
.476
.527

2

1
6

1
7

1

18

Total____________________- _ _______ _____
_

25

172

5.8

51.2

51.2

100

Bopers (wrappers and tiers):
Districts 1 and 5_________________________ __
District 2_____ _____________________________
District 3__________________________________
District 4__________________________________
District 8____ _________________ ____________

2
3
4
3
2

3
5
6
3
3

6.0
6.0
5.7
6.3
6.7

48.0
51.6
49.0
48.0
50.0

50.8
51.3
46.8
54.5
66.7

106
99
96
114
133

3
2
5
3
2

3
1
1

.400
.435
.418
.425
.442

Total____________________________________

14

20

6.1

49.5

52.7

106

15

5

.424

u Includes cutters, choppers, grinders, mixers, curers, and feeders.




26

1

w Includes washers, turners, re-turners, measurers, cutters, tiers, and fatters.

T able

A .—AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

<P
00

SAUSAGE DE PA RTM E N T—Continued

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
Over
of
Over
regular Un­
54
wages
48
hours der
and
60 Over
per
54
and
48
60
worked 48
hour
under
under
60
54

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,430
.423
.409
.362
.423
.449
.368
.452

$0,440
.429
.422
.370
.428
.458
.371
.457

$21.38
20.85
21.05
17.95
22.31
25.69
22.29
22.11

$21.24
21.02
20.20
17.88
22.59
24.78
20.24
21.92

males—continued

Laborers: m
District 1
District 2
District 3
. . . . . . ______
District 4
_. . . . . ______ _ . . . . __
District 5
. . . . . . . _______. . . _____ ___ _
District 6
. . . ______ _____ . . . ____ _ __
District 7
District 8...............................................................

8
13
15
6
11
6
5
8

235
159
133
S6
23
3

315
222
167
113
85
44
20
23

5.6
5.6
5.8
5.5
5.6
5.9
6.0
5.9

49.4
49.7
49.4
49.4
53.4
55.2
55.0
48.5

48.6
48.6
49.8
48.6
52.1
56.1
60.0
48.4

98
98
101
98
98
102
109
100

11

50.2

49.7

99

14

660

1

17
27
30
15
3

3

21

Total..................................................................

72

089

5.7

Cooks:
District 1 _ . ____ ___ . . . . . . . . . . . . ____ _____ _
District 2
District 3
.
.
....
__
District 4
.
.
...
. .
District 5— .
___ -___ ____________________
District 6 _
. . . __ . . . . ___ . . . . . . . . . ___
District 7
District 8................................................. ...........

5
12
14
5
13
5
2
9

23
39
39
17
25
10
2
13

5.9
6.0
5.8
5.8
6.0
5.4
5.5
6.0

49.8
49.8
49.4
48.7
55.0
57.1
55.0
48.7

53.7
53.3
50.8
50.0
63.1
55.6
46.3
49.9

108
107
103
103
115
97
84
102

1

10

Total..................................................................

65

168

5.9

50.8

53.7

106

2

102

13




9

3

4

29
6
2

13

38
12
1

231

16

55

.417

,425

21.12

20.93

5
12
8
2

13

77
63
27
27

1
1

.488
.487
.488
.460
.526
.521
.596
.542

26.19
25.99
24.80
23.02
33.21
28.99
27.57
27.05

23.56
23.80
23.76
22.16
29.37
28.55
33.72
26.10

.499

26.79

24.94

4

2
1
2

9
5

1

.473
.478
.481
.455
.534
.500
.613
.536

6

15

1

.491

2
9

33

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
■num
­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
per
ments ees by emweek
5i one
week

Smokers:
District 1..............................................................
District 2....... ..................................................... .
District 3...... ............................................. .
District 4..............................................................
District 5__________________________________
District 6..............................................................
District 7............................................ •............ .
_
District 8....... ........................................... ..........
Total................................................................ .

Total.................................................... ............

112
107
106
111
112
105
100
111

170

6.0

51.2

55.5

108

5.8
5.8
5.9
5.7
5.9
5.9
5.6
5.7

48.6
49.9
49.5
48.4
53.2
57.2
56.6
49.2

48.5
50.2
49.2
53.8
53.3
49.8
53.1
47.5

100
101
99
111
100
87
94
97

418

5.8

50.5

50.1

99

5.9
6.0
5.9
5.6
6.0
5.8
6.0
6.0

48.4
50.4
49.4
50.1
52.8
56.5
55.7
48.9

52.1
51.8
50.9
52.0
56.2
53.8
61.6
50.1

108
103
103
104
106
95
111
102

5.9

50.5

52.7

104

108

6.0
6.0
5.5
5.8
6.0

66

57.9
53.7
53.1
54.0
60.3
58.1
55.0
55.9

84
109
32
28
36
20
10

68

Inspectors, packers, scalers, shippers, and mailers:
District 1..............................................................
District 2..............................................................
District 3.................................................... .
District 4..............................................................
District 5..............................................................
District 6..............................................................
District 7..............................................................
District 8............................................................ .

51.5
50.3
50.3
48.5
63.9
55.3
54.8
50.3

48.0
50.4
51.0
49.7
48.0

50.3
52.3
46.3
51.8
47.3

105
104
91
104
105

4
3
2

5.9

49.5

50.0

Utility men, assistant foremen, straw bosses, sub­
foremen, handy men, small-order men, and all­
round men:
District 1 .............. .................. .......................... .
District 2._______________________ __________
District 3.................................................... .
District 4..............................................................
District 5.............................................................
District 6..............................................................
District 7....... .................................................... .
District 8................. ............................................
Total................................................................ .

55

166

.500
.506
.481
.427
.594
.535
.535
.497
94

44

11

30.05
27.74
26.23
23.68
35.77
32.03
29.39
28.46

29.59
29.32
25.00

25.75
25.45
24.19
20.71

74

18

37

.517

28.74

25.86

.463
.456
.427
.428
.455
.437
.394
.537
278

.505

.474
.464
.445
.441
.441
.440
.393

22.97
23.31
21.90
23.73
23.47
21.92
20.86
25.31

22.50
22.75
22.14
20.72
24.21
25.00
22.30
26.42

.445

.454

22.71

22.47

27.25
29.66
26.35
23.26
30.87
27.61

24.83
28.73
25.54
21.69

.573
.518
.447
.550
.614
.594
.591
31

13

29.65

28.70
33.20
28.75

.529

.534

28.14

26.71

.310
.836
.349
.360
.342

.310
.340
.348
.390
.341

15.59
17.80
16.08
16.13

14.88
16.93
17.80
17.89
16.42

.341

.350

17.62

GENERAL TABLES

6.0
6.0
6.0
5.9
5.8
5.8
6.0
5.9

16.88

FEMALES
Machine tenders:”
Districts 1,4, and 6_____ ___________________
District 2..............................................................
District 3................................................. .
District 5............ .............. .................................
District 8..............................................................
Total.................................................................

18

22

.....

12

20.21

1 Includes cutters, choppers, grinders, mixers, curers, and feeders
2
1 Includes roustabouts, ham cylinder washers, cleaners-up, ham pressers, hangers, cooks' helpers, smokers’ helpers, and truckers of cages or bikes.
4




CD
CD

T able

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

g

SAUSAGE DEPAKTM EN T—Continued

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
Over
Over
of
regular Un­
54
48
Over wages
hours der
and
54
and
48
per
60
60
worked 48
under
under
hour
54
60

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,336
.371
.304
.330
.315
.365
.318
.324

$0.372
.365
.337
.330
.322
.370
.315
.324

$16.97
16.69
15.33
15.12
15.72
18.77
13.66
14.70

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

females —continued

Casing workers:1
3
District 1
. . . . . . . . . __
District 2
__
District 3
_ .... _ .
District 4
District 5
______ __ . . . . .
- District 6
.
District 7
___ - _______________ _______
District 8
Total................................................................
Staffers:
District 1
Districts 2 and 4
District 3
District 5
District 7
District 8..............................................................
Total

........................................................




7
10
14
6
9
2
3
6

76
97
93
27
41
2
11
13

5.8
5.7
5.6
5.7
5.6
6.0
4.9
5.7

51.2
49.5
49.3
48.2
49.8
51.0
55.0
48.0

45.6
45.8
45.5
45.8
48.8
50.8
43.4
45.3

89
93
92
95
98
100
79
94

5

57

360

5.7

49.9

46.0

92

13

3
2
5
2
4
2

21
5
10
17
5
3

6.0
5.2
5.7
5.8
5.6
6.0

51.9
52.8
50.0
51.2
57.0
48.0

46.3
49.7
43.8
50.4
52.2
46.7

89
94
88
98
92
97

5

92

5

18

61

5.8

51.7

47.8

8

28
72
75
26
8
1

11

43
25
15
1
14
1

1

11

13
223

1
7
8

11

99
16
4
1
9

3
19

2

30

--

12

.334
.348
----------- -- ■ --

2

5
--------

2
2

16.02
—--

16.67
.. .......

.372
.521
.405
.322
.290
.326

2
3

$17.20
18.36
14.99
15.91
15.69
18.62
17.49
15.55

--- ~ --

.407
.520
.417
.320
.292
.340

18.85
25.83
18.23
16.14
15.23
15.85

19.31
27.51
20.25
16.49
16.53
15.65

.367

.379

18.12

18.97
------------

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week

176
262
218
75
158
63
73
80

5.5
5.6
5.7
5.7
5.4
5.9
5.6
5.9

49.8
49.8
49.0
49.0
50.1
49.9
55.5
48.6

45.4
48.0
46.1
44.6
46.1
47.9
48.8
46.2

Total..........................................

75

1,105

5.6

49.9

46.6

87
35
33
11
13
4

5.7
5.8
5.9
5.5
4.8
6.0

49.7
50.7
48.6
51.3
51.8
48.0

44.7
47.0
46.4
44.7
40.9
47.6

183

5.7

49.9

45.2

6.0

52.0

56.7

109

97
96
94
95
91
97

Ropers (wrappers and tiers):
District 1_____________________
District 2................... ...................
District 3.......................................
District 4...................... ................
District 5___................. ................
District 8...........- ........... - .............
Total..........................................

29

Cooks: Districts 1,2, and 6.............—

91
96
94
91
92
96

23

102
185
186
62
34
45

44

38

248

79

62
19
30
5
4
4

25
16

124

90
93
95
87
79

55

.370
.442
.321
.410
.321
.320
.292
.332
10

.362

.378
.310
.252
.280
.316

18.07
21.11
15. 93
17.82
14.93
15.31
14.29
15.88

18.43
22.01
15.73
20.09
16.08
15.97
16.21
16.14

.372

17.34

18.06

.371
.378
.257
.282
.325

16.59
17.74
15.42
11.50
11.52
15.49

18.19
19.16
15.07
12.93
14.50
15.17
17.17

.440
.346
.400
.324

70
200
138
50
58
68
32

5.7
5.8
5.7
5.4
5.6
5.8
5.9

47.9
49.3
49.3
48.8
52.3
49. e
48.0

47.3
47.6
47.4
45.7
49.5
44.9
46.7

Total..........................................

56

616

5.7

49.4

47.2

5
10

49
56
19
28
6
12

5.6
5.8
6.0
5.8
6.0
5.8

49.5
49.3
49.6
48.4
51.0
48.0

44.9
46.1
49.9
46.7
48.6
45.9

91
94
101
96
95

37
44
15
26
1
12

38

170

5.8

49.2

46.3

94

135

156
111
43
13
52
32

44
20
7
40

.344

6
16~

.352

15.91

.417

4
12
16
6
6
5
7

Total....... .............................

2

"72"

Packers:1
5
District 1___ —------ ----------- -----District 2_____________________
District 3.......................................
District 4___ ______ ____________
District 5............................. ..........
Districts 6 and 7...........................
District 8.......................................

General workers:1
8
District 1................. - ....................
District 2.......................................
District 3— ......... ............ ...........
District 4........................ ...............
District 5.......................................
Districts 6 and 8...........................

44

59
77
27
13
57
7

.412

23.36 | 21.68

.325
.329
.309
.266
.288
.306
.329

.349

.308
.330

16.51
15.84
14.99
12.23
14.43
13.84
15.43

.319

15.06 | 15.46

.322
.333
.313
.276
.327
.307

.335
.328
.277
.339
.308

15.98
15.41
16.35
12.95
16.49
14.16

15.94
16.42
15.52
13.36
16.68
14.74

.316

.329

15.23

15.55

22

475
12
12

.316
.267

15.57
16.22
15.23
12.98
15.06
15.18
15.79

TABLES

10
12
16
6
13
5
4

GENERAL

Linkers, twisters, tiers, and hangers:
District 1.......................................
District 2......................................
District 3.......................................
District 4.......................................
District 5.......................................
District 6.......................................
District 7.......................................
District 8............................. - - - - - -

1 Includes washers, turners, re-turners, measurers, cutters, tiers, and fatters.
3
1 Includes wrappers, inspectors, taggers, tiers, and packers’ helpers.
5
MIncludes labelers, laborers, box markers, sorters, and utility women.




O

T able

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

Jg

CURED-M EAT DE PA RTM E N T

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
Over
Over
of
regular Un­
54
48
Over wages
hours der
per
54
and
48
and
60
60
worked 48
under
hour
under
54
60

MALES
Graders:1
7
District 1 ____ __ __________________ _______
District 2 ________. ___ . ___ . ____________- _
District 3 _________________ - ______________
District 4 . _____________ ___ _______ . . ____
Distriot 5 - __ _ _____
_
- - ____ - - ____
Districts 6 and 7 _______________ __________
District 8 _- ______ ______ _________ _ _ __
_

9
14
16
4
7
8
S

139
207
245
26
63
33
23

5.8
5.7
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.9
5.9

50.6
50.1
50.7
48.0
53.7
54.8
49.6

49.4
46.3
48.8
45.2
48.6
50.8
47.6

98
92
96
94
91
93
96

3

75
136
150
26
27
4
17

60
71
70

1

$0,514
.486
.498
.450
.492
.504
.485

$25.37
22.48
24.30
20.31
23.89
25.56
23.09

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
Ailltime
week

$2184
23.95
24.03
21.50
25.51
27.51
23.51

1

27
8

1

20
6
227
—-—

10

52

1
-------

.479

147
270
91
9

8

16

60

1

12

9

9

40
35

1

.433
.431
.418
.380
.410
.452
.429
.437

.455
.439
.428
.383
.416
.454
.429
.460

22.25
20.00
19.92
17.17
18.81
22.33
23.32
22.58

21.95
21.72
20.69
18.43
20.54
24.54
23.60
21.81

2

.425

.437

20.49

21.42

.458
.450
.445
.412
.473
.466

.493
.459
.464
.416
.480
.469

24.33
21.90
22.34
18.72
22.98
22.71

22.72
22.23
22.25
20.02
24.12
25.07

Total..................................................................

66

736

5.8

50.8

48.1

95

3

435

11
14
16
6
12
9
2
8

567
670
498
99
284
122
24
58

5.7
5.7
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.8
5.7
6.0

50.7
50.4
49.5
48.5
50.1
54.3
55.0
49.9

48.9
45.5
46.5
44.8
45.2
49.2
54.4
49.1

96
90
94
92
90
91
99
98

26

383
400
386
90
209
32

Total..................................................................

78

2,322

5.7

50.4

46.9

93

26 1,490

26

589

45

144

Packers:1
9
District 1_. . . ______________ ____ . . . . . . . . ___
District 2
___
District 3 ______________ ______ - ____ _______
District 4
.
_
District 5
_ _ ^
....
.....
District 6...............................................................

9
14
16
6
9
7

193
284
277
42
80
63

5.9
5.8
5.8
5.5
5.6
5.8

49.6
49.4
50.0
48.6
51.0
53.8

49.4
47.7
48.1
45.0
47.9
48.4

100
97
96
93
94
90

134
218
197
38
48
20

1

33
66
55
4

12

12

3

16
18




Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

9

Laborers:1
8
District 1 . . . . . . . . . . ________________________
District 2 _______________ _________________ _
District 3 __________________________ ______
District 4 ___ _ _________________________
_
District 5
a .... . . . . . ____________. . . . . ___
District 6-_________ ___ ______________ . . . _
_
District 7 ___ . . . . __ _______ ____ _______ _
District 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . ___ ___ . . . . ______ ___

8

26

40

14

$0,491
.478
.474
.448
.475
.502
.474

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

54
18

13

25

24

12

.495
23.83
24.33
~ L.!imliiiU
B iJ
— ii i mj
i ' n ,i

SLAUGHTERING ANB MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week

District 7
....... ........ ........
District 8........................

5.7

6.0

57.6
48.8

55.5
48.4

96

19

13

14

.428
.481

.425
.481

23.60
23.30

24.65
23.47




GENERAL TABLES

Total.........................
70
50.2
5.8
48.3
14 674
96
14
72
22.64
.467
22.58
28
186
.451
Overhaulers:
District 2......................
1___ *______
195
5.7
50.2
48.0
10
96
127
22.91
23.19
.462
.477
District 3........................
148
5.8
49.6
46.1
93
109
22.27
23.66
.477
.483
District 4...................... .
228
5.8
50.2
47.4
152
94
23.95
23.86
.477
.503
District 5......................
19
5.9
50.2
44.4
12
.432
88
19.15
21.44
.427
District 6......................
87
5.8
53.7
49.1
91
28
24.47
26.15
.487
.498
18
District 7........................
38
5.6
53.8
47.1
88
16
21.79
.462
.462
24.86
District 8.................... .
13
5.9
55.0
56.9
103
29.80
.524
28.88
.525
.....
District
16
6.1
51.4
50.6
102
21.81
23.13
.450
.431
Total.........................
70
744
5.8
50.8
47.7
94
10 453
32
164
67
23.23
18
.472
.487
Pieklers:30 1___ _______
District 2_______ ___
113
5.9
52.4
49.4
94
43
25.34
25.52
.513
.487
District
134
5.9
47.1
50.6
93
77
23.83
.471
.478 22.50
District 3.........................
...............
162
5.9
49.9
49.2
99
117
.472
24.17
23.55
.491
District 4.......
17
5.5
49.1
45.1
92
14
19.78
21.41
.438
.436
District 5..........................
62
5.7
52.7
48.0
91
28
23.97
10
25.51
.484
.499
District 6......................
47
5.9
54.0
50.5
94
8
27.05
.501
25.31
.501
District 8......................
4
6.0
55.0
55.0
100
34.82
.632
34.76
.633
District 7........................
21
6.0
50.3
49.9
26.48
.515
.531
25.90
Total.........................
77
560
5.8
51.2
48.6
95
300
14
24.11
10
24.58
.480
.496
50
Rubbers, salters, and pilers:
District 2......................
74
50.1
5.6
47.9
48
.465
.496 23.76
District 1......................
82
5.8
50.1
45.8
91
.464
21.25
22.95
.458
District 3........................
5.8
140
49.8
47.9
96
106
.464
.481
23.06
23.11
District 4................. ......
20
45.2
6.0
49.8
91
14
.420
.419
20.92
18.96
District 6......................
5......................
5.9
55
51.0
45.9
90
10
23.92
22.03
.469
.480
District 7_____________
5.5
55.0
44.9
31
82
22.00
.489
26.68
.485
District
4
55.0
6.0
56.2
102
30.92
30.25
.550
.550
District 8.._.________
6
5.7
51.0
46.1
90
.442
21.58
.468
22.54
Total_____________
412
5.7
50.5
46.9
260
10
25
106
.464
22.46
.479
23.43
17Includes sorters, sizers, average men, spotters, inspectors, and chute men.
18Includes bacon stringers, general workers, ham passers, ham tiers, truck washers, vat meat carriers, hangers, passers, scrapers, pickle stringers, tossers, washers, and wipers,
passers to packers, to pumpers, and to salters; roustabouts, sewers, stringers, haulers to vats;washers, and helpers of graders, inspectors,soakers,makers, pumpers, smokers, and sorters;
19Includes packers of beef, barrel pork, bellies, briskets, pig rinds, and smoked meat; dippers, vat men, sweet-pickle packers, burlap sackers, wrappers, car loaders, and car
stowers.
90Includes pickle men, pickle makers, pumpers, and curers.

O
CP

T able

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

g

CU BED-M EAT DE PA RTM E N T—Continued

males—continued
Smokers:
District 1 . . . _. . . . . . _________ . . . . ______ . . . _
District 2
___________________________
District 3
_______________ __________
District 4
____ ________________ _ ___
_
District 5 _ _ _____________ . . ________ _____
District 6 . _______________________ - _______
District 7
________________ ____ _
District 8...............................................................
Total..................................................................
Butchers, trimmers, and knife men:
District 1
__________________________
District 2
________
District 3
- - - ... District 4
_ _ _ _ _
___
District 5
_____________________ ____
Districts 6 and 7
_ _ _
___
District 8..............................................................
Total................- ................................................
Truckers:
District 1
. . . .
_____________ ____
District 2
District 3

District 5
_________ _____
District 6
District 7
District 8................................ — .........................
Total..................................................................




Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
Over
of
Over
regular Un­
wages
48
54
hours der
per
and
54
60 Over
and
48
60
worked 48
hour
under
under
54
60

7
12
15
6
12
7
3
8
70

21
24
33
14
18
16
5
15
146

6.0
6.3
5.9
6.2
6.0
5.9
6.2
6.1
6.1

58.7
60.8
53.4
51.0
57.1
57.0
64.4
55.9
56.8

61.6
61.6
55.8
56.9
65.6
59.8
63.8
56.4
59.7

105
101
104
112
115
105
99
101
105

3

9
13
12
2
7
6
3
52

71
83
79
3
51
12
6
305

5.6
5.9
5.8
5.3
5.7
5.8
6.0
5.8

49.7
50.9
49.7
48.0
52.5
52.7
50.0
50.6

45.5
47.3
46.3
42.3
50.7
49.8
47.8
47.2

92
93
93
88
97
94
96
93

1

272
173
291
5
115
14
8
5
883

5.6
5.3
5.4
5.0
5.7
5.6
5.8
5.8
5.5

50.2
49.1
50.4
50.4
52.1
54.9
56.3
52.8
50.4

47.1
43.4
44.8
41.0
46.5
46.7
53.4
46.2
45.6

94
88
89
81
89
85
95
88
90

9
13
14
4
8
3
2
3
56

3

2
3
3

3

2
9
21
6
2
4
7
51
50
43
56
3
29
3
1
185
174
140
196
3
69
1
583

3
4

7

3
5
4
1
3
3
19

8
1
3
2
6

3

7

7

7
3
92
91
33
69
2
12
4
211

1
24

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

5 $0.513
10 1 .468
7
.457
4
.434
1
.516
2
.538
3
.436
4
.478
36
.482

$0,526
.469
.457
.431
.518
.539
.421
.486
.486

$32.38
28.86
25.50
24.49
33.98
32.24
26.88
27.41
28.97

$30.11
28.45
24.40
22.13
29.48
30.67
28.08
26.72
27.38

.531
.502
.487
.467
.478
.613
.685
.507

.537
.510
.499
.465
.487
.623
.679
.517

24.43
24.14
23.12
19.67
24.65
31.00
32.44
24.42

26.39
25.55
24.20
22.42
25.10
32.25
34.25
25.65

.426
.409
.419
.363
.413
.429
.489
.415
.419

.438
.412
.435
.361
.423
.439
.485
.432
.430

20.66
17.87
19.49
14.79
19.68
20.48
25.88
19.97
19.61

21.39
20.08
21.12
18.30
21.52
23.55
27.53
21.91
21.12

1

19
40
23
3

8
7

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

1
2

18

3

19

4

22
38
2
2

1

6
10

68

1

4

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week

Utility men, assistant butchers, straw bosses,
assistant foremen, and small order men:
District 1..................................... .......................
Districts 2 and 7____________________________
District 3__________________________________
District 4___________ _______________________
District 5__________________________________
District 6__________________________________
District 8__________________________________

9
14
13
5
7
6
4

73
91
95
11
50
40
7

5.9
5.9
5.8
6.0
5.8
5.9
6.0

50 5
51.6
50.4
48 5
51.1
57.0
48.0

51.6
49.5
50.9
50.4
48.7
52.0
47.1

102
96
101
104
95
91
98

46
39
65
10
35
3
7

Total____________________________ ________

58

367

5.9

51.4

50.4

98

205

Miscellaneous workers:2
1
District 1__________________________________
District 2____________ ____ _________________
District 3____ _________________________ ____
District 4__________________________________
District 5__________________________________
District 6___ ____ _____ _____________________
Districts 7 and 8..................................................

8
12
13
6
6
5
7

150
157
106
35
81
96
22

5.7
5.6
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.6
5.9

49.1
49.6
50.7
48.6
50.0
49.0
49.5

45.2
44.8
46.1
42.5
46.6
42.8
46.3

92
90
91
87
93
87
94

2

Total..................................................................

57

647

5.7

49.6

45.0

91

4

24
46
22
1
3

.510
.527
.538
.506
.517
.546
.558

.529
.537
.551
.507
.524
.545
.561

27.32
26.57
28.01
25.55
25.51
28.32
26.41

25.76
27.19
27.12
24.54
26.42
31.12
26.78

.527

.538

27.11

27.09

.364
.335
.303
.290
.254
.314
.300

.414
.342
.312
.292
.258
.313
.303

18.69
15.33
14.40
12.40
12.02
13.39
14.05

17.87
16.62
15.36
14.09
12.70
15.39
14.85

2

.319

.335

15.05

15.82

1

$0,466
.450
.433
.434

$0,485
.449
.434
.435

$26.65
24.53
20.42
28.68

$22.37
23.40
20.78
21.40

1

.444

.449

26.31

21.84

1

.460
.528
.388
.428

.480
. £33
.387
.433

26.51
29.73
18.88
24.64

21.76
28.51
18.62
21.57

1

.453

.468

25.78

21.97

7 ......... .........

.438
.410
.400
.432

.479
.422
.400
.467

22.38
19.53
20.13
21.92

20.67
20.30
19.20
20.52

6

3
8
12
23

14

3

107

6

46

4

2

13

29
41
39
4
23

FEMALES

1
1

119
116
61
30
44
82
17
469

1
13

14
4

137

22

CANNING DEPARTM ENT
MALES
Cooks:
District 1__________________________________
Districts 2 and 8....... ............. ............................
District 3__________________________________
District 5__________________________________

3
2
2
2

5
3
3
9

6.0
6.0
5.7
6.0

48.0
52.0
48.0
49.3

54.9
54.7
47.0
54.7

114
105
98
134

2

2
1
3
8

1
2

Total..................................................................
Steam tenders, process men and retort men:
District 1__________________________________
District 2............ ................... .............................
District 3__________________________________
District 5__________________________________

9

20

6.0

49.2

58.6

119

2

14

3

3
2
2
2

16
2
2
5

5.8
6.0
6.0
5.6

47.3
54.0
48.0
50.4

55.2
55.8
48.8
56.9

117
103
102
113

8

6

2
2

Total ..................................... ........... ................
Passers and pilers, cans:
District 1_______ __________________________
District 2__________________________________
Districts 3 and 5...................................................
Total..................................................................

9

25

5.8

48.5

55.1

114

8

4
2
2
8

33
4
3
40

5.5
47.2
6.0
49. 5
6.0
48.0
5.6 __ 47.5

46.8
46.3
50.3
47.0

99
94
105
99

21

2
4

21

12

4

6
3
3
12 ......... _

6
1

1 Includes wrappers, labelers, laborers, packers, sewers (hand or machine), bag makers, weighers, tiers, wipers, baggers, and trimmers.
1




T able

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

J-

§

CANNING DE PA RTM E N T—Continued

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
Over
Over
regular Un­
54
48
Over
hours der
48
54
and
60
and
60
Worked 48
under
under
60
54

Aver­
age
rate
of
wages
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

males—continued

Trimmers, meat (by hand):
District 1
Districts 2, 4, and 5 _____

3
2

2

$0,456
.419

$0,493
.430

$22.94
19.34

$21.57
21.37

1

5

2

.438

.462

21.14

21.51

103
87
103
99
102
86
109

24

16
12
6
1
17

6
11
1
6

.462
.458
.458
.44$
.448
.364
.425

.506
.460
.496
.459
.451
.351
.423

24.67
20.38
26.09
24.23
23.02
16.50
22.12

21.81
23.31
22.40
23.68
22.53
19.84
20.40

2
3

4
4

5.8
4.8

47.3
51.0

46.5
45.0

98
88

1

5

8

5.3

49.1

48.7

93

Machine tenders (preparing and stuffing meat
into cans):
District 1____________________ ______________
District 2
_
__
District 3
___ _
_ _
Districts 4 and 6 __ ____ __ _____ ___
__
District 5_________ ____________ ________ ___
District 7 _
___ _
__
District 8...............................................................

5
6
5
2
5
2
2

46
23
7
7
23
2
4

5.5
5.5
6.0
6.0
5.9
5.5
6.0

47.2
50.9
48.9
53.1
50.3
54.5
48.0

48.7
44.3
50.6
52.8
51.1
47.0
52.3

*
___

Total.................................................................. |

Total..................................................................

27

112

5.7

49.2

48.8

99

24

56

Staffers (meat into cans by hand):
District 1
Districts 2 and 3
District 5...............................................................

3
2
2

11
4
4

5.4
5.3
5.0

49.1
49.5
54.0

47.6
43.1
45.5

97
87
84

2

6
3
2

Total________________ ______ ___ ____ _____

7

19

5.3

50.2

46.2

92

2

Packers and nailers:
District 1__
District 2.
District 3................... ..................... ....................




1

2
1

3

1

1

4

25

3

3

.454

.476

23.21

22.34

2

.504
.413
.406

.516
.410
.407

24.60
17.66
18.51

24.75
20.44
21.92

.464

.473

21.86

23.29

.444
.422
.411

.480
.421
.413

22.72
14.58
18.00

21.00
22.79
20.10

3
1

11

4
■

1■■
4
2
3

52
10
7

5.6
4.3
M

47.3
54.0
48.9

47.3
34.7
43.6

100
64
89

30

13
6

9
10
1

2
1v

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
lish­ ploy­ by em- hours
per
ments ees
week
in one
week

.488
.438

24.71
22.22

25.22
23.65

.439

.467

21.24

21.38

.463
.461
.415
.440
.460

.472
.481
.420
.447
.457

23.09
24.70
19.99
26.18
21,22

22.69
23.93
20.92
21.12
22,54

.457

.466

23.16

22.71

107
95

.462
.378

.476
.377

23.48
17.92

21.25
18.90

4§,3

100

.411

.417

20.15

19,89

45.6
52.7
49.5

58.8
54.7
41.7

129
104
84

.526
.509
.431

.573
.507
.447

27.70
18.62

23.99
26.82
21.33

5.8

47.7

56.0

117

22

.512

.547

30.69

24.42

Inspectors:
District 1_____________ ______ ____
District 2............................................
Districts 3, 4, and 5...........................

5.6
6.0

46.1
52.5
57.0

48.2
53.9
59.8

105
103
105

37

.459
.463
.478

.494
.464
.480

23.80
24.99
28.71

21.16
24.31
27.25

Total___ ____________„__________

5.7

47.2

49.3

104

37

.460

.491

24.18

21.71

5.5
5.3
4.7
6.0
4.6

46.3
53.5
49.0
48.0
51.4

47.2
46.3
38.1
47.2
37.0

102
87
78
98
72

108

.431
.420
.346
.400
.400

.457
.419
.344
.400
.400

21.54
19.42
13.11
18.87
14.81

19.96
22.47
16.95
19.20
20.56

5.5

47.6

46.5

98

108

.426

.447

20.78

20.18

153
19
11
13

5.7
5.8
5.5
6.0

49.4
51.8
48.5
48.9

51.6
49.1
46.2
47.7

104
95
95

.431
.426
.414
.400

.451
.427
.412

23.25
20.97
19.06
19.05

21.29
22.07
20.08
19.56

196

5.7

49.6

50.8

102

.427

.443

22.52

21.18

Total...............................................

6.0
5.5

Total...............................................

15

Total...............................................

38

Truckers:
District 1.............. ...................... ......
District 2....................... ................ .
District 3..........................................
Districts 4 and 8................................
D istricts...........................................

186
36

Total............................................ ...
Laborers:
District 1............................................
District 2___________________ _____
District 3................. ..........................
Districts 4 and 6........................... .
Total...............................................




13

45.5

49.0
51.9
50.4
48.0
49.0

48.9
51.4
47.6
58.5
46.4

100
99
94
122
95

12

19.7

49.7

100

12

46.0
50.0

49.3
47.6

6.1

48.4

5.9
6.0
5.0

TotaL..............................................
General workers:
District 1............................................
Districts 2 and 5................................
District 3............................................

48.7

6.0
6.2

16

Machine tenders, washing and painting:
District 1,..........................................
Districts 3 and 5................................

5.4

5.7

74

50.7
50.8

5.4
5.9
5.8
5.8
6.0

13

Cappers:
District 1 ,......................... ...............
District 2............................................
Districts 3 and 6................................
District 4............................................
District 5,..........................................

52.0
54.0

94
22

30

33

22

22

62

18

35

S3

80

GENERAL TABLES

.485
.438

Districts 4 and 6................................
District 5 „,.......................................

O
-a

T able A . —

AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT

g

§

CANNING DE PA RTM E N T—Continued

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
Over
Over
regular Un­
54
48
hours der
54
and
48
and
60 Over
60
worked 48
under
under
54
60

Aver­
age
rate
of
wages
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

FEMALES

Washers of empty cans:
District 1_

2

9

5.2

50.0

42.9

86

Passers and pilers, cans:
District 1 _
District 5......................................................................

3

2

74
16

5.7
4.6

45.7
48.8

43.8
39.9

96
82

. 6

3

$0.340

$0,338

$14.49

$17.00

62

9
14

3
2

.313
.238

.353
.241

15.46
9.63

14.30
11.61

Total..................................................................

5

90

5.5

46.3

43.1

93

62

23

.........
5 ......... 1

.300

.335

14.42

13.89

Trimmers, meat (by hand):
District 1„>
Districts 2, 3, and 5..............................................

3
3

51
10

5.5
5.3

47.0
48.6

42.6
42.4

91
87

29

16
9

6
1

.327
.304

.396
.304

16.84
12.88

15.37
14.77

Total.................................................................

6

61

5.4

47.3

42.5

90

29

25

7

.323

.381

16.19

15.28

2

41
14
5

45.8
48.0
48.0
48.0

42.9
47.5
48.0
22.0

94
99
100
46

30

2

5.7
5.9
6.0
4.0

11
14
5
2

.329
.328
.309
.383

.370
.330
.309
.413

15.86
15.70
14.85
9.08

15.07
15.74
14.83
18.38

62

5.7

46.5

43.7

94

30

32

.329

.355

15.52

15.30

.332

Machine tenders .(preparing and stuffing meat
into cans):
District 1
Districts 2, 5, and 8.
District 3
District 4............. ...... ........... ............................
Total.
Staffers (meat into cans by hand):
District 1
District 2
Districts 3 and 5
Total____________________________________




3
3
2

10

'
2
2
2

39
12
11

5.4
5.9
5.4

53.1
48.0
48.0

44.2
51.0
40.2

83
106
84

6

62

5.5

51.2

44.8

88

4

.249

14.66
15.17
10.00

17.26
14.21
12.07

.306

.311

13.93

15.67

.325
.286

12
11
23

.297

.252

35

4

35

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week

Packers (sliced bacon and chipped dried beef in
cans, glass jars or cartons, by hand):
District 1........ ..................................................
District 2................................................. _.........
District 3.............................................................
Districts 4 and 6.................................................
District 5.............. ................................_...........
District 7..........................^..........................
District 8 ................................. .........................

4
4
9
5
5
2
2

97
92
88
47
43
3
17

5.2
5.4
5.9
5.4
5.7
5.7
5.9

50.0
48.3
49.8
48 0
50.2
55.0
48.0

41.7
37.1
47.9
37.4
49.7
45.3
46.2

83
77
96
78
99
82
96

20

34
88
61
47
23

|
i

43
4
27
6

14

6

88

.404
.337
.296
.284
.330
.291
.347

16.84
12.52
14.21
10.62
16.41
13.21
16.04

18.40
16.23
14.39
13.68
16.26
16.12
16,70

.326

3

17

368
.336
.289
.285
.324
.293
*348

.337

14.35

16.07

.409
.312
.254
.273

17.24
14.08
9 93
1138

16.37
14.59
12.19
13.46

31

387

5.5

49.3

42.6

86

20

270

3
6
4
4

63
13
7
18

5.5
6.0
5.4
6.0

47.3
48.0
48.0
49.3

42.1
45.1
39.1
52.7

89
94
81
107

39

12
13
7
14

12
4

.346
.304
.254
.273

Total..................................................................

17

101

5.7

47.8

44.2

92

39

46

16

.321

.358

15.82

15.34

Wipers (filled cans):
District 1................................ .................. ...........
District 5....... ................ .....................................

2
2

6
5

5.3
5.8

45.5
49.2

41.3
49.0

91
100

5

1
4

1

.305
.240

.361
.240

14.91
11.78

13.88
11.81

4

11

5.5

47.2

44.8

95

5

5

1

.275

.301

13.49

12.98

98
95

5
1

1

.341
.238

.341
.238

16.10
11.53

16.37
12.14

97

6

.312

.311

14.79

15.26

Total___________________________ ‘________
Cap setters:
Districts 1 and 2..................................................
District 5................................ ............ ...... .........

2
2

5
2

5.6
6.0

48.0
51.0

«
47.2
48.4

Total..................................................................

4

7

5.7

48.9

47.5

Cappers:
District
............ ...........................................
Districts 3 and 5____________________________

3

1
=

—

- ■■
'■ —
■

3 * 33
3
8

5.7
6.0

45.9
48.0

43.6
47.1

95
98

27

4
8

2

.322
.274

.370
.272

16.15
12.83

14.78
13.15

Total..................................................................

6

41

5.7

46.3

44.3

96

27

12

2

.312

.350

15.50

14.45

Labelers and wrappers:
District 1..............................................................
Districts 2 and 3..................................................
District 4..............................................................
District 5..............................................................
District 8..............................................................
Total..................................................................

3
4
2
2
2
13

99
32
3
6
5
145

5.1
5.6
4.7
5.8
5.8
5.2

47.6
48.2
48.0
50.0
48.0
47.9

40.0
44.8
33.0
46.8
45.1
41.5

84
93
69
94
94
87

54

24
31
3
4
5
67

21
1

.340
.371
.267
.305
.303
.343

.401
.379
.272
.300
.313
.386

16.04
16.99
8.98
14.04
14.11
15.96

16.18
17.88
12.82
15.25
14.54
16.43

General workers:
District 1.............................................................
Districts 2 and 5 .................................................
District 3..............................................................
Total..................................................................

3
3
2
8

42
18
2
62

5.4
5.7
6.0
5.5

47.8
48.3
48.0
48.0

41.3
46.4
48.0
43.0

86
96
100
90

.345
.355
.288
.346

.377
.361
.288
.369

15.55
16.79
13.80
15.85

16.49
17.15
13.82
16.61




54
19
19

15
17
2
34

2
24
8
1
9

GENERAL TABLES

Total..................................................................
Weighers (filled cans):
District 1..........................................................
District 3............................................... ..............
District 4...................................................... .
Districts 5 and 8____ ____ ___________________

T able

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

£
g

M AINTENANCE AND R E PA IR DE PA RTM E N T

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
Over
Over
regular Un­
54
48
hours der
and
54
and
48
60 Over
60
worked 48
under
under
54
60

SCALES
Blacksmiths:
District 1____ ____________________ __
District 2__________________________________
District 3 __________________________________
District 4_____ ___ . . . . . ______ _____________
District 5
___________________________ __
District 6 ___ ______________________________
District 7 . . . . . . . . ___ ____ . . . ___________
District 8 ____ ___ ________ ___ . . . . * . ____ ___

10
13
16
4
11
7
2
8

44
22
24
5
17
10
2
10

6.9
6.0
6.9
6.0
5.9
6.1
6.0
5.8

48.1
48.5
49.9
48.0
51.3
52.8
57.5
49.2

60.0
48.2
60.1
46.4
49.7
50.2
56.8
46.9

104
99
100
97
97
95
99
95

10

Total..................................................................

71

134

6.9

49.5

49.4

100

12

87

9

3
6
9
4

56
19
21
6

5.8
6.9
5.7
6.0

46.4
49.1
49.7
48.0

46.6
47.1
47.4
48.4

100
96
95
101

22

34
15
15
6

4
1

_
. . .

.......
... .

$0,728
.661
.641
.674
.655
.652
.513
.636

$0,726
.661
.652
.674
.661
.660
.513
.652

$36.28
31.85
32.66
31.26
32.85
33.12
29.13
30.54

$36.02
32.06
31.99
32.35
33.60
34.43
29.50
31.29

.675

.678

33.51

33.41

.793
.683
.692
.693

36.96
82.20
32.78
33.54

36.80
33.63
33.70
32.59

.745

35.01

35.39

1.482
1.426
.972
1.642
.795
.715
.836

1.480
1.428
.960
1.642
.797
.756
.844

61.86
61.82
43.83
67.83
39.00
40.15
40.63

65.60
67.45
47.14
67.85
41.66
35.75
39.29

1.263

1.244

54.97
.-

58.78

•

2

27
18
17
5
7
5

2
3
2
2

2
2

1

4
1
4

1
1
1

3
3
1

2

9

2

8

15

Total____________________________________

22

102

5.8

47.7

47.0

99

22

70

5

Bricklayers and masons:
District 1__ . . . . . . . . _____ ____ _________ ___
District 2 _ _ .
___
_
District 3..............................................................
District 4
District 5________
_________ _______. . .
District 6
District 8

2
8
10
2
5
5
4

46
17
22
3
5
6
4

5.6
5.9
5.8
6.0
5.8
6.2
6.3

44.2
47.3
48.5
44.0
52.4
50.0
47.0

41.8
43.3
46.6
44.0
48.9
53.1
48.0

95
92
94
100
93
106
102

44
4
7
3

2
11
9

2
2

3

1

1

1
2

1

Total..................................................................

36

103

5.8

46.5

44.2

95

5

6
= =




Aver­
Aver­
age
age
rate of
earn­ wages
per
ings
full­
in one
week
time
week

.742

5

.

Aveiv
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

.793
.685
.678
.679

5

Boiler makers:
District 1
District 2
District 3
Districts 4, 5, 6, and 8

Aver­
age
rate
of
wages
per
hour

1

2
4
3

59
81
===== =====

2
=====

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
Num­ Num­ ber of
age
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
lish­ ploy­ by em­ houis
ments ees ployees per
week
in one
week

Carpenters:
District
District
District
District
District
District
District
District

1..............................................................
2__...........................................................
3...........................................................
4..............................................................
5..............................................................
6..............................................................
7..............................................................
8..............................................................

13
14
16
6
12
8
3
9

364
214
144
38
85
30
3
36

5.8
5.8
5.7
5.7
5.9
5.7
6.3
5.6

47.0
48.2
50.4
48.2
50.6
51.8
53.0
49.0

48.9
46.9
48.5
44.0
46.9
46.8
55.8
45.3

104
97
96
91
93
90
105
92

141

Total___ ____ ______________________ ______

81

914

5.8

48.5

47.8

99

142

Coopers (repairers):
District 1.......... .................................. ........ ........
District 2 ......................................... ........ ...........
District 3......... ...................................... ............
District 4........................ .....................................
District 5__________________ _______ _________
District 6___ _______ ________________________
District 7.... .........................................................
District 8....... . ...................................................

14
11
14
6
12
9
3
7

189
94
81
18
68
66
8
26

&8
5.8
5.7
5.6
5.9
5.8
5.5
6.0

50.4
48.5
48.8
49 0
51.4
53.7
52.5
50.0

49.6
47.0
46.8
44.8
49.7
46.4
47.3
51.0

98
97
96
91
97
86
90
102

1

15

76

549

5.8

50.3

48.2

96

1

352

49

102

5

Electrical workers:
District 1_________ __________________ ______
District 2..............................................................
District 3__...........................................................
District 4.............................................................
District 5..............................................................
District 6_____________ _____ _ _______ _____
_
District 7_............................................................
District 8...................... .......................................

11
12
16
6
10
8
3
7

97
76
58
20
21
34
3
14

5.6
6.0
5.8
5.8
6.1
5.8
6.0
6.1

48.9
48.7
49.7
47.9
51.3
50.2
55.0
49.3

46.6
49.3
50.1
46.9
51.2
47.7
55.0
52.3

95
101
101
98
100
95
100
106

3
7
6

6
2
7

3

1

85
64
43
19
9
24

5

4
7

Total..................................................................

73

323

5.8

49.3

48.6

99

255

21

29

Laborers:
District 1 ......... ....................................... ..........
District 2.............................................................
District 3__..........................................................
District 4..............................................................
District 5___ ____________________________ _
District 6__........................ ............ .....................
District 7........................... ..................... .............
District 8__________________________________

13
14
16
6
12
9
2
9

480
434
324
112
194
112
9
83

5.8
5.8
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.7
5.9
5.9

49.5
48.3
49.5
49.8
50.5
55.4
56.8
49.4

51.0
47.8
47.9
47.3
49.9
50.3
56.5
53.1

103
99
97
95
99
91
99
107

364
384
258
79
124
13

60
50
14

43

81

1,748

5.7

49.7

49.3

99

1,285

T o ta l...______ ___________________________

_____ ^ ^




___ ______

1

192
197
92
37
51
14

6
14
21
12

30

19
3
22
1
12
13

.668
. 589
.601
.635
.618
668
.683
.635

1

53

76

19
11

33
4
7
3
3
43

15
4

11

9

3

12

63

38
32
31
60

224

33.69
27.68
29.40
27.88
29.40
31.75
38.03
29.33

31.40
28.39
30.29
30.61
31.27
34.60
36.20
31.12

9
3
1

2

28

.632

.643

30.74

30.65

14

.558
.603
.581
.567
.573
.598
.532
.598

.575
.603
.596
.557
.581
.594
.530
.622

28.52
28.34
27.88
25.03
28.86
27.54
25.06
31.71

28.12
29.25
28.35
27.78
29.46
32.11
27.93
29.90

40

.577

.587

28.30

29.02

3

.665
.599
.628
.628
.634
.639
.606
.708

.673
.602
.641
.627
.646
.641
.606
.712

31.33
29.71
32.13
29.38
33.08
30.57
33.33
37.21

32.52
29.17
31.21
30.08
32.52
32.08
33.33
34.90

.637

.643

31.28

31.40

.437
.425
.426
.361
.418
.444
.406
.513

.454
.428
.434
.355
.422
.447
.405
.532

23.17
20.46
20.80
16.77
21.04
22.48
22.87
28.25

21.63
20.53
21.09
17.98
21.11
24.60
23.07
26.34

.429

.438

21.60

21.32

2
1
4

1
3

14
10

2
3
2

7

10

1

1

7

12
1
16
39
1

19

82

2

---------

13

11

1

20
136

.689
.590
.606
.638
.627
678
.681
.648

1

6

613
123
79
72
15
35
13

1

6
9

T able

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

J-*
g

M AINTEN AN CE AND RE PA IR D E P A R T M E N T —Continued

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Aver­
Per
age
cent of
rate
basic or
Over
Over
of
regular Un­
48
54
wages
hours der
48
and
54
per
and
60 Over
worked 48
60
under
under
hour
54
60

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,680
.665
.681
.747
.645
.665
.613
.677

$0,688
.666
.690
.744
.644
.675
.616
.679

$34.25
31.73
32.92
35.32
34.25
32.77
33.29
34.78

$33.25
32.19
33.23
35.86
32.64
34.91
34.51
32.83

males —continued

8
14
14
5
10
8
2
9

87
97
66
16
29
28
4
24

5.9
6.8
6.8
6.1
6.9
6.8
6.0
6.2

48.9
4a 4
48.8
48.0
50.6
52.5
56.3
48.5

49.8
47.6
47.7
47.5
53.2
48.6
54.0
51.2

102
98
98
99
105
93
96
106

75
91
48
16
16
12

Total____ . . . . . . . . . ____ ___________________

70

341

6.9

49.2

49.1

100

280

13

Machine hands:
District 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
District 2_________________ _____ ____________
District 3___________________________________
District 4____ _ — . . . ___ ___ ______ _ _____
_
_
Districts 6 and 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __

3
2
10
4
2

69
9
17
6
6

5.8
5.6
5.4
5.6
6.0

47.4
48.0
49.0
48.0
48.0

47.2
45.6
45.2
43.8
46.2

100
95
92
91
96

11

58
9
15
5
5

T o t a l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __

21

106

5.7

47.7

46.5

97

11

Millwrights:
District 1_____ ___ . __ . . . __________________
District 2
_ ______ . . . . . _
District 3__ _____________ ____ ____________
_
District 4
.
.............
District 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ___ _________ __
District 6
.
.
...
District 8___ . . . . . . . . . . __ ___________________

10
12
13
5
5
4
7

132
104
103
33
14
9
15

6.2
5.9
5.9
5.8
5.8
5.9
6.0

49.0
48.8
50.3
48.0
49.7
50.0
48.8

57.2
50.6
51.8
48.5
49.8
52.7
49.0

66

410

6.0

49.2

52.8

Total -u




, ............................

6
2
1

2
3
7

4

7
11

3

1
1

3

2
5
1

6

10

.674

.678

33.27

33.16

1

1

.663
.717
.656
.605
.548

.668
.718
.661
.601
.554

31.52
32.77
29.90
26.32
25.60

31.43
34.42
32.14
29.04
26.30

92

1

1

.658

.663

30.84

31.39

117
104
103
101
100
105
100

113
88
69
33
8
6
13

1
2
12

15
14
15

3

3

3
3
2

.649
.596
.619
.628
.584
.661
.634

.701
.604
.624
.631
.591
.688
.644

40.10
30.53
32.36
30.56
29.43
36.25
31.56

31.80
29.08
31.14
30.14
29.02
33.05
34.94

107

330

18

52

.624

.647

34.20

3a 70

22

2
32

7

10

INDUSTRY

Machinists:
District 1__________ ___ ____ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _
District 2____ ____ ________ ______ . ___ _____
District 3_____ - _ - ___________- _______ - ____
_
District 4_____________ _________ _______ ____
District 5_. . . . . . _____ . . . ___ _______________
District 6__ _____ _____________ _. . . . . . . . . . .
District 7 _. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ________________
District 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SLAXJGHTEBING AND MEAT PACKING

Bex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
lish­ ploy­ by em­ hours
ments ees ployees per
week
in one
week

Painters:
District 1....................
District 2....................
District 3....................
District 4....................
Districts 5 and 7.........
District 6....................
District 8....................
Total........................
Plumbers and pipe fitters
District 1.....................
District 2....................
District 3....... ............
District 4....................
District 5....................
District 6....................
District 7....................
District 8....................

200

5.6

49.1

45.7

93

5.6
5.8
5.9
6.1
5.8
5.9
6.7
6.1

49.1
- 48.5
50.1
48.3
51.9
51.9
58.3
48.6

47.7
46.9
50.9
48.8
50.8
48.8
65.7
49.3

97
97
102
101
98
94
113
101

352

142

17

.540

460

5.8

49.5

48.8

99

177
116
137
35
57
33
12
8

5.9
5.8
5.9
5.8
5.8
5.9
6.0
5.8

47.2
48.5
49.6
48.3
50.4
49.3
55.3
48.0

49.1
47.2
49.7
48.1
47.4
50.0
55.2
45.3

104
97
100
100
94
101
100
94

62

Total_____________

575

5.9

48.7

48.8

100

62

411

5.7
5.7
5.6
6.0
5.5
5.6
6.0

47.7
48.6
49.0
48.0
49.8
52.5
48.7

5.7

48.7

46.3

29

56

47.0
45.9
46.8
46.3
40.8
46.8
47.9

Tinners:
District 1......... ...........
District 2___________
District 3....................
District 4.....................
District 5___________
District 6.....................
District 8___________
Total........................

55

216

24.73

26.51

32.65
28.35
31.61
31.16
33.28
33.75
34.63
32.07

32.95
29.29
30.46
30.09
33.53
34.88
31.60
30.67

.633

.643

31.39

31.33

.739
.629
.570
.626
.513
.729
.598
.611

36.27
29.71
28.31
30.11
24.35
36.43
32.99
27.66

34.98
31.67
28.07
31.83
25.80
35.25
33.35
30.34

.648

.642

31.31

31.56

.593
.680
.675
.637
.681

32.53
27.23
31.82
31.28
26.01
31.83
32.55

32.96
28.87
31.02
32.11
31.27
34.65
31.70

. 666

30.87

31.75

10

20

97
103
105
33
38
27

77

.541
.685
.604
.621
.638
.656
.691
.527
.651

19

19

Repairers:2
3
District 1.....................
District 2....................
District 3.....................
District 4.....................
District 5___________
District 6___ - .............
District 7....................
District 8___________

Total........................

28.60
24.43
24.80
27.50
26.52
30.38
30.42

.741
.653
.566
.659
.512
.715
.603
.632

112
97
76
22
14
12

14

26.99
21.51
23.73
26.15
25.24
25.93
30.94

18

61

15

633

651
95

14

10

17

.652

GENERAL TABLES

.617

46.7
42.3
47.2
45.8
46.8
45.7
49.0

133
110
111
23
32
27
3
21

60

49.4
48.1
49.1
48.0
49.3
53.4
49.3

.578
.508
.503
.571
: 540
.568
.631

.579
.508
.505
.573

30

5.6
5.3
5.8
5.8
6.0
5.8
5.9

8 Belt men, box makers, brush makers, brush repairers, calkers, door canvassers, harness makers, plasterers, plugmen, pump repairers, rope repairers, saw filers, tool grinders,
2
truckmen, upholsterers, welders, wheelmen, and wheelwrights.




CO

AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

14
1

T able A .—

M AINTENANCE AND R E PA IR D E PA RTM E N T—Continued

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
regular Un­
hours der
worked 48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

Aver­
age
rate
of
Over wages
per
60
hour

60

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,547
.572
.552
.519
.586
.619
.601
.508

$0,566
.576
.570
.526
.589
.629
.605
.538

$28.76
28.02
29.55
25.92
28.57
33.06
34.05
28.66

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

males —continued

Other skilled occupations:2
3
2
.
_______
3
_
______________ __ ____ __
_
4
5
. . . . . . .
6
. . . . . ________
7
8...............................................................

8
13
16
5
8
8
2
7

282
223
132
27
69
37
5
26

5.8
5.9
6.1
6.0
6.0
5.9
6.0
6.3

T o ta l................................................................

67

801

5.9

Blacksmiths’ helpers:
District 1
... . ......
District 2
District 8
4 nTid 7
District 5
District 6
District 8...............................................................

5
9
12
4
5
5
7

29
14
17
4
11
8
8

5.9
5.9
5.6
5.0
5.9
6.0
6.0

. . . ______ _____________

47

91

5.8

TiiQtrint 2
"Dictfipt 3
Districts 4,5, and 6..............................................

2
6
7
3

42
18
14
6

Total..................................................................

18

80

District
District
District
District
District
District
District

Total .
Boiler makers’ helpers:




48.5
48.3
49.8
48.2
48.8
53.5
55.2
51.0
---

£0.8
48.6
51.8
49.3
48.5
52.5
56.3
53.3

105
101
104
102
99
98
102
105

1

2

10

23
23
4
4
1

654
55
3
50.3
103
49.0
.. — = = 5 T ---- —
_ —------- ---.
48.2
48.7
49.2
49.8
50.5
50.3
48.8

49.2
47.1
47.9
41.6
47.6
47.4
47.8

102
97
97
84
94
94
98

1

49.1
■•
•

47.8

97
rrar.-..:

1

5.4
5.5
5.9
5.7

47.3
48.0
50.0
48.0

43.1
43.9
47.3
44.8

91
91
95
93

7

5.5

48.0

44.2

92

7

—

254
197
100
26
52
15

26
11
13
3
7
5
7

5
1
18
1
10
11
14
60

1
2
3

2
3
1

2
4

1

2
3

3
8
1

1

9

18

72
7
m
grrv.v; ....

1

9
1
■ --r-rsis
..

35
18
9
6

2
2

3

.573

27.44
28.80
'..asas= = = = =

.489
.480
.501
.455
.508
.558
.476

24.07
22.57
23.98
18.93
24.18
26.42
22.73

23.52
23.33
24.11
22.41
25.65
27.31
22.64

.496
=====

23.70

24.11
— ■ ...—
..
1

.458
.459
.471
.500

.458
.460
.480
.520

19.76
20.22
22.70
23.25

21.66
22.03
23.55
24.00

.463

.467

20.64

22.22

.... - =

3

68

.560
■*---—
■
■ ?

.491

2

1

1

$26.53
27.63
27.49
25.02
28.60
33.12
33.18
25.91

.488
.479
.490
.450
.508
.543
.464

r

1
1
1

1

4

!

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
lish­ ploy­ by em­ hours
ments ees ployees per
in one week
week

Carpenters’ helpers:
District 1............
District 2............
District 3 .. .........
District 4_______
District 5.............
District 0..............
D&fcrict 7..............
District 8 ...___ _

114
103

5.6

49.3

46.3

94

48.6
49.9
50.0
48.0
51.0
48.7
52.7

48.6
48.6
51.2
51.5
49.1
49.9
51.7

100
97
102
107
96
102

5.9

49.5

49.8

101

5.7
5.8
5.9
5.3
0.0
6.1
5.4

48.8
49.1
48.5
48.0
52.6
52.0
51.6

48.9
46.3
49.2
39.8
50.0
49.5
46.9

100
94
101
83
95
.95
91

118

5.8

49.5

47.7

96

20
52
33
11
4
2
3

5.9
5.9
5.7
6.1
6.0
6.0
6.0

49.3
49.0
49.6
48.0
49.5
51.0
48.0

60.5
50.5
50.5
47.2
50.1
59.0

123
103
102
98
101
116
104

131

5.9

100

Electrical workers’ helpers:
District 1........................
District 2_____________ _
District 3_____________ _
District 4_____________ _
District 5......... ...............
District 0.........................
Districts 7 and 8............
Total..

35

101

Machinists’ helpers:
District 1..............
District 2..............
District 3_______
District 4..............
District 5..............
District 6..............
Districts 7 and 8_.
Total..

40

Millwrights’ helpers:
District 1..............
District 2..............
District 3________
District 4________
District 5________
District 6________
District 8..............
Total..

35

106

.434
.431
.428
.390
.460
.515
.475
.479

86

98

10

10

14

16

.437

.446

20.65

21.54

.452
.462
.506
.421
.505
.523
.496

21.94
22.48
25.90
21.70
24.81
26.11
25.62

21.72
23.00
24.75
20.16
25.45
25.08
25.93

.475

.481

23.94

23.51

.466
.470
.487
.476
.555
.519
.466

22.81
21.77
23.94
18.98
27.72
25.69
21.86

22.59
22.98
23.04
22.80
29.30
27.14
23.17

.480

.484

23.10

23.76

.488
.462
.483
.421
.475
.515
.490

76

21.22
20.82
21.44
18.72
25.39
26.99
24.70
22.99

.468
.475
.475
.557
.522
.449

19

20.32
19.86
21.04
18.17
23.17
23.93
28.39
23.78

.447
.461
.495
.420
.499
.515
.492

135

.454
.433
.428
.397
.468
.521
.479
.483

.536
.469
.495
.421
.471
.555
.490

32.45
23.66
24.96
19.87
23.61
32.73
24.43

24.06
22.64
23.96
20.21
23.51
26.27
23.52

25.57

23.17

.471

* Includes assistant foremen, boiler washers, cranemen, molders, oilers, pattern makers, pipe coverers, roofers, steel men, stencil cutters, utility and general workers.




TABLES

44.8
45.8
49.2
45.8
49.5
46.0
59.3
49.2

5.9
5.8
5.9
6.0
0.0
6.0
6.0

Total.,

48.9
48.3
50.1
48.0
55.2
52.4
52.0
48.0

GENERAL

5.3
5.5
5.9
5.5
5.4
5.7
6.5
6.0

T able

A .— AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continue

*-*

MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR DEPARTMENT— Continued

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
Over
Over
regular Un­
54
48
hours der
and
60 Over
and
54
48
60
worked 48
under
under
60
54

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
rate
of
wages
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0.446
.448
.471
.411
.501
.521
.450
.449

$0.456
.451
.496
.417
.504
.540
.448
.461

$20.17
20.67
25.90
18.96
24.74
27.17
26.13
20.79

$21.54
20.47
23.08
19.73
25.40
26.78
25.88
21.91

.458

.471

22.15

22.12

.445
.427
.451
.424
.434
.520
.429
.475

.452
.426
.450
.425
.439
.536
.428
.477

22.01
20.26
21.52
19.43
20.20
27.55
23.63
23.22

21.49
20.75
21.56
20.44
22.31
25.53
23.72
22.80

.447

.453

21.82

21.99

males —continued

Plumbers’ and pipe fitters’ helpers:
District 1
_______ _______________ _ __ _ _
_
___ ______ ________________ _
District 3
_ _ ___________ ____ ___ ___ _
_
District 4 _ _______ ______________________
District 5 _ _____________________________
District 6 _______________________________ _
District 7 _ ______________________________
_
District 8 ______________ - __________________

9
14
14
4
9
7
2
7

150
79
79
13
17
25
2
15

5.4
5.8
5.9
5.5
5.9
6.0
6.0
5.6

48.3
45.7
49.0
48.0
50.7
51.4
57.5
48.8

44.2
45.9
52.2
45.4
49.1
50.3
58.3
45.1

92
100
107
95
97
98
101
92

__ ______ _________ ____ ___ _
_

66

380

5.7

48.3

47.0

97

1

323

19

30

Repairers’ helpers:
District 1
____________ _ _____ ____ _ _
_
_
District 2 _____ _______________________ _ _
District 3 _ _____ __ ____ _________ ________
District 4 ________________________________
District 5 ________________________________
District 6 __________________________________
District 7 ______________ _ _____________ __
_
District 8
____ _ _________

6
13
13
6
7
6
2
3

89
75
51
12
29
31
4
3

5.8
5.7
5.8
5.8
5.5
5.9
6.0
6.0

48.3
48.6
49.4
48.2
51.4
50.9
55.3
48.0

48.7
47.5
47.8
45.7
46.0
51.4
55.3
46.7

101
98
97
95
89
101
100
97

1

82
66
40
10
14
18

4
2
6

2
7
3
1
7
11

56

294

5.8

49.2

48.2

98

Total

-

T o ta l................................................................




1

141
2
70
8
District 2
64
8
13
11
1
11

2
11

1
1

2
2
1

2

5

2

13

1

7
_ _1
7

4
1

2

2

4
2
1

2

9

3
2

233

17

31

SLAUGHTEBING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ ber of
ber of ber of days basic or
estab­ em­ worked regular
hours
lish­ ploy­
per
ments ees by em­
ployees week
in one
week

Tinners’ helpers
District 1_ _.
District 2__.
District 3__
District 4_
D istr ic ts...
District 6_
_
District 8_
_

3
9
8
4
3
2
2

29
24
29
11
5
3
2

5.4
5.6
5.9
5.5
5.8
6.3
6.0

48.0
48.4
49.2
48.0
50.4
50.0
48.0

Total____

31

103

5.7

48.6

43.7
46.0
51.6
42.3
44.0
59.0
46.5
46.8

.454
.440
.473
.400
.463
.520
.425

96

19.78
20.28
25.23
16.99
20.39
33.21
19.73

21.79
21.30
23.27
19.20
23.34
26.00
20.40

.460

21. 55

21.97

>.449 $0,477
.448
.453
.411
.419
.404
.408
.435
.425
.487
.476
.368
.369
.498

$23.69
21.09
19.49
19.23
22.14
23.27
19.70
24.17

.436

.449

21.45

.450
.432
.427
.405
.443
.463
.419

.468
.439
.439
.411
.448
.473
.432

25.75
24.07
23.68
22.74
23.62
24.76
22.17

.437

.448

24.20

.501
.500
.478
.457
.507
.500
.485
.541

92

.453
.441
.489
.402
.463
.563
.424

.452

91
95
105
88
87
118
97

.516
.507
.492
.467
.514
.508
.485
.534

26.85
25.71
25.16
23.32
27.44
26.67
26.09
25.31

.495

.505

26.04

1
MISCELLANEOUS EMPLOYEES, ALL DEPARTMENTS
MALES

Branders, markers, stampers, stencilers, and taggers:
District 1....... .......................................................
District 2....... ........................................ .............
District 3....... ......................................................
District 4....................................................................
District 5.............................................................
District 6....... ......................................................
District 7....... .....................................................
District 8_____________ _____________________
Total.................................................................

130
154
163
32
36
32
10
33

T o t a l..________ _________________________

Total.................................................................




75

49.7
46.5
46.5
47.2
50.9
47.8
53.5
48.5

590

5.7

50.0

47.8

5.8
6.0
5.9
6.0
5.9
5.7
5.8

49.7
49.8
49.6
48.0
52.7
55.1
50.9

55.0
54.9
53.9
55.3
52.7
52.4
51.4

111
110
109
115
100
* 95
101

604

5.9

50.5

54.1

107

371

195
208
237
36
156
30
14
25

69

Scalers and weighers:
District 1_____________ _________ ___________
District 2............................................................
District 3............... .................................... .........
District 4 ...................................................................
District 5.............................................................
District 6.............................................................
District 7.................... ........... ........... ................
District 8................................... .........................

49.8
49.6
49.3
48.6
52.4
54.2
55.0
49.2

130
148
143
30
78
51
24

73

Elevator operators:
District 1__..........................................................
District 2..............................................................
District 3 ..............................................................
District 4.................... ........................... .......... ........
District 5.............................................................
District 6_............................................................
Districts 7 and 8............ ............................ .........

5.8
5.7
5.6
5.8
5.9
5.7
5.7
5.9

5.8
6.0
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.7

50.6
50.4
50.0
49.0
53.5
55.6
55.0
49.7

52.0
50.7
51.2
49.9
53.4
52.7
53.8
47.4

103
101
102
102
100
95
98
95

104
125
179
30
54
2

901

5.9

51.1

51.6

101

509

100
94
94
97
97
88
97
99

110
129
19
10
23
136
17

72
104
110
30
33
9
13

20

20

16

16

29

132

234

56

84

T abl e A —

AVERAGE HOURS AND EARNINGS AND CLASSIFIED BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS PER WEEK, 1925,
BY D E PA R TM E N T, OCCUPATION, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

£

00

MISCELLANEOUS EMPLOYEES, ALL DEPARTM ENTS—Continued

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week

Number of employees whose classified
basic or regular hours per week were—
Per
cent of
basic or
regular Un­
hours
worked der
48

48

Over
48
and
under
54

54

Over
54
and
under
60

60

Aver­
age
rate
of
Over wages
per
60
hour

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
full­
time
week

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
in one
week

$0,313 $0,320
.308
.307
.323
.315
.254
.255
.294
.299
|
.373 j .378

$16.20
14.35
16.03
12.75
14.18
18.45

$15.78
15.41
15. SI
12.27
14.41
21.04

AD
N

males—continued

5.8
5.5
5.9
6.0
5.9
5.7

50.4
50.2
50.2
48.3
49.0
56.4

50.6
46.6
49.6
49.9
47.5
48.9

100
93
99
103
97
87

6

Total . . . . . . . __ . . . . . . . . . . . . . ____ . . . . ___

49

403

5.8

50.2

48.8

97

6

5
5
3
5
2

29
9
10
10
3

5.5
5.9
5.8
4.7
6.0

48.8
48.7
48.0
49.2
52.0

45.0
46.7
46.2
35.8
47.0

92
96
96
73
90

20

61

5.5

48.9

44.0

90

2

5
3
5

2
17
10
9

5.5
5.5
5.9
5.9

48.0
49.8
49.8
52.0

45.0
42.8
48.2
46.6

94
86
97
90

2
12
8
3

5
1
6

1

15

38

5.7

50.2

45.2

90

25

12

1

48
73
90
23
23

40
43
24
2

257

2

14
1

4

15

10

6
113

2
4

i
.308 j

.314

15.33

15.46

.317
.358
.349
.290
.366

.333
.359
.355
.299
.419

14.99
16.77
1G.40
10.69
19.71

15.47
17.43
16.75
14.27
19.03

.326

.341

15.01

15.94

.325
.358
.284
.366

.328
.367
.283
.374

14.76
15.69
13.64
17.43

15.60
17.83
14.14
19.03

.339

.343

15.51

17.02

FEMALES

T o ta l._________ . . . __________________ ____
Scalers and weighers:
Tiidtripts 1 ariH 4

District 2
District 3
._ _ _
District 5...............................................................
Total




-

--

1
1

25
8
10
6
1
50

4
1
1

1
2

1

1

8

1

INDUSTRY

94
116
132
24
27
10

PACKING

7
14
15
5
4
4

M
EAT

Doormen:
District 1
- - ..............
____
District 2
_
_____________________
District 3
_
Districts 4 and 7
_ _______
District 5
. _ . . . _____
District 6....... .......................................................

Branders, markers, stampers, andstencilers:
District 1
_ _ _
District 2
_
Distiict 3
______
Districts 4 and 5
.
. . . . _________ - _

SLAUGHTEEING

Num­ Num­
ber of ber of
em­
estab­
lish­ ploy­
ments ees

Aver­
age
num­ Aver­
age
ber of basic or
days regular
worked hours
by em­
per
ployees week
in one
week

T able

B.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR FOR EMPLOYEES IN 31

TYPICAL OCCUPATIONS,

1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT

[District 1, Chicago. District 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St, Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph. District 3, Austin (Minn.), Cedar Rapids, Des Moines, Mason City, Milwaukee,
Ottumwa, Sioux City, Sioux Falls, South St. Paul, Topeka, Waterloo, and Wichita. District 4, Oklahoma City, Dallas, Fort Worth, and Houston. District 5, Buffalo, Cin­
cinnati, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, and Pittsburgh. District 6, Boston, New Haven, New York, Philadelphia, and Springfield (Mass.). District 7, Baltimore and Jack­
sonville. District 8, Denver, Los Angeles, Portland, San Francisco, Seattle, and Tacoma]
CATTLE-KILLING DEPARTMENT

Sex, occupation, and district




Num­
ber
of
em­
ploy­
ees

Number of employees whose classified rate of wages per hour was—
Aver­
age
25
35
95
75
85
30
45
55
70
80
90
40
50
65
60
rate of Un­
wages der and and and and and and and and and and and and and and and
per
25 under under under under under under under under under under under under under under under
35
45
55
75
85
100
40
50
60
65
80
95
70
90
hour cents 30
cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents

9
12
11
5
8
3
2
6
51

27 $0.616
43
.661
19
.607
11
.595
.611
3
.845
6
.503
3
.539
8
.632
120

9
13
13
6
6
3
5
55

35
69
30
15
11
13
8
181

10
13
14
5
6
3
2
9
62

67
90
39
23
17
14
3
19
272

.531
.517
.531
.494
.583
.863
.607
.556 ____
.820
.835
.837
.817
.723
1.457
.697
.769
.849

1

1

1
3
1
1

19
26
5
9
1

2
1
11

3
3
2
1

1

___ ___

_____

1

1

1
1

2
1
9

4
4
6
2

29
61
18
9
2

16

2
121

1

3
63

1
15

1
11

3
4

1
1
2

1
2

1
1
3
12

1
1
1
7

2

1
2

1
1

1
1
1
3

1
1

1

4

2
1

2
5
10

1

2
1

7

2
2
3
8

1

5
6

4

1
1

6

1
2
10

5

4

1

2

2

4

2
1

1
1
2

9

100
cents
and
over

4

66
80
32
23

2

1

1

1

4

1
1

6
4

1
2

13

1
7
208

3

2

1

2
25

GENERAL TABLES

MALES
Headers:
_
District 1_ ________ ______ __________
District 2..... .............. .......... _................
District 3........... ..................... ................
District 4_ ____ ____ _____ __________
_
District 5 __ _
____ ____ ______ __
District 6_________________________ _
District 7___ _____ ___ ______________
District 8..............................................
Total......................................................
Leg breakers:
District 1_______ _____________ _____
District 2__________ ______ ________
District 3
_ _____
Districts 4 and 7
District 5_____ _ . . .
__________
District 6__
_
____ _
District 8___________________________
Total.....................................................
Floormen or siders:
District 1 _
_
__
District 2 _
District 3_ ____ __ _ _ _
_
___ __
District 4_________ ....
_____ ___ ___
District 5 _ _
_
District 6_______ ___ ______ _____ ___
District 7
District 8_________ __________________
Total___ . . . . . . . . __________________

Num­
ber
of
estab­
lish­
ments

T able

B .— AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR FOR EMPLOYEES IN 31 TYPICAL OCCUPATIONS,
1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

£5

g

C A TT L E -K IL L IN G DEPA RTM E N T—Continued

Num­
ber
of
em­
ploy­
ees

10
11
12
5
7
3
7

23
38
21
10
12
8
9

Total.....................................................
Splitters:
District 1__________________________
District 2______ ____ ________________
District 3___________________________
District 4____ ______ ______________ _
District 5___________________________
District 6___________________________
District 7____ . . . _____________ ______
District 8____ . ________. ____________

55

121

.556

9
12
13
4
6
3
2
8

31
49
28
11
8
9
3
10

.821
.835
.819
.820
.688
1.452
.769
.779

1

1

Total.....................................................
Laborers:
District 1___________________________
District 2_________ __________________
District 3__ ________ _____ __. . . . . . _
District 4_________ _ ____ . . .
District 5 ......_________ . . . . _________
District 6_____ ________________ ____
District 7 _________
. . . . .
D is t r ic t 8 .« ......_______________ _ . .

57

149

.852

1

2

4

10
13
12
6
9
3
3
7

181
340
142
119
51
62
13
41

.437
.431
.426
.360
.428
.471
.320
.417

5
17
5

1
6
1

1
3
2

1

8
16

1
4

T ota l.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

63

949

.424

6

1

Sex, occupation, and district

males—continued

Gutters and bung droppers:
_
District 1_ _____ ___________________
District 2___________________________
___________________________
Districts 4 and 7_____________________
District 5___________________________
District 6_ . ________________________
_
District 8___________________________




1

$0,567
.547
.560District 3
.510
.585
.626
.527

3
1
1

5
3
6

1

13
31
6
9
3
1
5

3
5
2

3

68

24

9

5

2
1

2
1

3

1
1

2

1

1

___

5

1

7

3

4

1

_
____ . __

2

1
1

5
2
19

1

2

6

1

21

32

25
5
51
2
1
1
3

127
255
103
25
33
1
2
29

47
29
21
7
7
40
1
6

88

575

158

13

1

1
1

1
1

4

1

3

8

111

2

3
54

1

4

3
1

2
17

30
44
22
11

1

3
2

9
1

2

15

SLAtTGHTEEING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTBY

Number of employees whose classified rate of wages per hour was—
Aver­
age
75
85
95
65
80
90
45
35
40
55
70
30
50
60
rate of Un­
25
100
wages der and and and and and and and and and and and and and and and cents
per
under under under under under under under under under under under under under under under and
25
85
75
80
90
95
45
65
100 over
35
55
70
hour cents S
40
50
60
O
cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents

Num­
ber
of
estab­
lish­
ments

HOG-KILLING DEPARTMENT
8
14
16
3
12
6
2
4

93
109
395
3
131
67
22
9

$0,449
.430
.412
.366
.443
.431
.441
.414

Total.....................................................

66

829

.426

Stickers:
District 1 _ ...............................................
District 2__................................... ..........
District 3_ ............................................ .
District 4 _ ......................... .....................
District 5_ ................................................
District 6__..............................................
District 7__............................. ...... ..........
District 8__.............................................

8
13
16
3
12
5
2
6

11
14
19
3
19
5
2
6

.627
.619
.643
.607
.622
.600
.615
.598

1

Total....................................................
Shavers and scrapers:
District 1..................................................
District 2__..............................................
District 3 _ -........................................ .
District 4__..............................................
District 5__..............................................
District 6........ .........................................
District 7..................................................
District 8...... ..........................................

65

79

.623

1

7
14
16
4
12
5
2
6

63
135
247
14
145
56
22
23

.610
.503
.495
.505
.541
.505
.538
.601

Total.....................................................
Gutters, bung droppers, and rippers-open:
District 1__..............................................
District 2__..............................................
District 3 _ ......... ................. ........... ........
District 4 - . ______________ ___________
Districts.................................................
District 6__..............................................
District 7..................................................
District 8................................................ .

66

705

.613

8
13
16
3
11
5
2
6

32
48
72
5
46
22
6
11

.585
.567
.567
.574
.593
.543
.605
.662

64

242

.578

Total_____________________________

2
1
2
1
2

6

63
70
206

15
20
45

IS
5
9

46
25
s
4

38
30
9
3

23
2
2

3

176

412

160

59

6

7

1
2
1
1
3

8
11
10
2
8
1

2

1

10

41

1
1
3

1
2
—
—

= = =====

"
—

i

8

1

1

2
1

1

1

1

1
1

5
1

2

1
g

g

33
1
5
3

13

56

140

289

97

78

16

1

1
4

1

7
9
14
3
4
3

2

2

10
2
2
2

2

13

85

42

67

25

2

=

=====

2

2

9
14
18
1
16
6
3
1

1
2
6

3
5

13
22
28
1
11
6
1
3

10
2

22

===== = =

1

=

3
7
19
1
34
19
7
7

6
6

=

2
1

1

45
86
101
9
22
18
3
5

7
37

4
7
25

1

ii
27
64
4
26
10
6
2

1
9

1Includes drivers, penners, steamers, singers, washers, aitchbone breakers, and toe pullers.




i

2

1
1
2

4
11
130
2
16
10
1
2

2
1

1
4

1

1

5

1

1

2
1

3
2

T ...... --------

3

= =

i

GENERAL TABLES

HALES
Laborers:1
District 1 _ ................................................
District 2__..............................................
District 3...... ..........................................
District 4................ .................................
District 5...... .......................... ................
District 6 - - .................................. ...........
District 7 - - ..............................................
District 8 . ................................................

T able

B .— AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR FOR EMPLOYEES IN
1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

31

TYPICAL OCCUPATIONS,

to
to

HOG-KILLING DEPARTMENT-Continued

Sex, occupation, and district

ber
of
em­
ploy­
ees

9
14
16
4
12
5
2
Q

31
30
49
4
31
16
2
7

$0,631
.622
.623
. 618
.613
.613
.725
.629

2

170

.623

15

age
85
90
75
80
25
40
45
55
65
70
rate of Un­
50
60
30 . 35
wages der and and and and and and and and and and and and and and
under under under under
per
25 under under under under under under under under under under 80
85
90
95
75
45
65
55
hour cents 30
35
50
60
70
40
cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents

95
and
under
100
cents

100
cents
and
over

males—continued

Splitters:
District 1
District 2
District 3
District 4
District 5
District 6
District 7
District 8

. . .

. .
.

T o t a l___ _ _

....

.

_______
. . . ___ . . __
____
_____ _

__ _ ______
_ _

68

1
4
6
2

1
1
5
1
2
6

8

2

3

3

2

10
1
1

1
2
1

1
1

3
16

19
29
32
3
12
4

102

23

9

4

1
2
1
1

3
1

1
1
1

1

2
2

6

8

1
1

O F F A L (OTHER THAN HIDES AND CASINGS) D E PA RTM E N T
MALES

Trimmers:
District 1
District 2
District 3
District 4
Districts 5 and 7
District 6
District 8

-

Total_______ . . . . . . . . . . . ____________




7

14
16
4
10
6
3

130
147
168
42
55
43
12

$0,463
.508
.470
.488
.474
.545
.443

60

597

.484

2
2

1

1
2
6
%
1

1

4
=

17
14
44
32
23
4
6

85
83
67
3
12
8
5

22
25
36
2
6
18
1

4
5
8
1
9
7

110
34
12
140 263
‘.'."a= = -rr.rsT.T." ===== = = =

9
1

1
1
1
1
1

1

5
------u

1
3
1
= = ==3=r = = : . -------

9

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Number of employees whose classified rate of wages per hour was—
ber
of
estab­
lish­
ments

Tripe scrapers and finishers:
District 1__..............................................
District 2_ ...............................................
District 3 -_..............................................
District 4__.............................................
District 5...................................... ...........
District 6__......................................... . . .
District 8__............ . . . ...... .....................

9
11
12
5
5
4
3

56
82
46
17
16
6
4

.618
.573
.473
.431
.493
.621
.480

T o ta l.......................... —........... .........

49

227

.547

3
7
4
3
2
3

14
66
44
5
10
10

.351
.348
.336
.376
.437
.340

5
7
14
17
6

24
55
19

6
3
8

1

3
1

4
1
2

1
3

51

102

24

5

7
2
8
30
15
7
-- . . . . . .

3

2

2
2

2
1
1

4

1
1

1
X

2
1

1
3

2

3
2

1

4

5

2

X

1
2

2
2

1
X

1

3

1

1

5

$
7

4

4

o

K
o

16

FEMALES

Trimmers:
District 1___ ________ _________ ______
District 2..................................................
District 3 _ ..................................... ..........
District 4 . ........... ........................ ...........
D istricts..................................................
Districts 7 and 8 ________________. _____

6

1
8
2

5
21
5
1

1

3

5

1
3~

2
1

1

Total.....................................................

22

139

.351

6

12

35

61

14

7

Miscellaneous workers: 3
District 1 _ ........................ .......................
District 2__..............................................
District 3_ ........................... ....................
Districts 4 and 7......................................
D istricts............................................. .

2
9
6
4
3

4
53
47
12
38

.315
.321
.286
.291
.261

15
1
20

17
13
7
11

4
11
11
2
2

23
3
2
3

2
4

1

Total.....................................................

24

164

.293

36

48

30

31

8

3

1

2
1

CASING DEPARTM EN T
MALES
Casing pullers or runners:
District 1................................................ .
District 2..................................................
District 3 ..* ................. ..........................
District 4________ ____ ________ _____ _
District 5__.............................................
District 6__..............................................
District 7............................................... .
District 8__......... ...................................

6
14
15
4
11
8
3
8

101 $0.497
162
.510
173
.495
26
.481
.505
57
63
.559
15
.507
23
.499

Total, ...................................................

69

620

.506

9
15
22
6
9
2
1
5

21
36
57
9
8
11
5
6

65
99
73
11
25
24
6
7

4
3
7

1
2
4

9
11
2
1

5
9

2

1

1
1
4

9

69

152

309

37

22

1

1

1Includes washers, tripe washers, tripe scalders and cookers, and tripe scrapers and finishers.




2
2

1
7

1

1
1

1

1

1

1

1

x

x

2

T able

B .— AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR FOR EMPLOYEES IN 31 TYPICAL OCCUPATIONS,
1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

h*

CASING DEPA RTM E N T— C ontinued

Num­
ber
of
em­
ploy­
ees

Number of employees whose classified rate of wages per hour was—
Aver­
age
75
80
85
95
35
45
55
65
90
40
50
60
70
30
25
rate of Un­
wages der and and and and and and and and and and and and and and and
under under under under under under under under under under under under under
per
25 under under 40
85
75
80
95
45
55
65
90
70
100
35
60
50
hour cents 30
cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents

100
cents
and
over

males —continued

Strippers:
District
District
District
District
District
District
District
District

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

-

______
___

Total.....................................................
Trimmers of casings:
District X
District 2
District 3
_
District 4
District 5
_
__ _
District 6
__ -_
District 8..................................................
Total......................................................
FEMALES
Blowers, graders, and inspectors:
District 1
......
District 2
.. _
District 3
Districts 4 and 5
District 6
District 8________________ ______ ____
Total




3
13
12
4
9
6
2
6

70 $0,455
.492
70
.502
52
.430
16
.495
26
19
.566
5
.472
.578
12

65

270
23
72
48
22
24
24
27
240

64
30
60
34
14
5
197

.349
.383
.352
.325
.344
.356
.351

1

.475
.490
.491
.453
.546
.534
.479
.494

3
7
5
7
4
3
29

1

63
38
21
X
8
4
3
2

18
21
3
8
11
2
3

6

37

140

66

9

3
5
12
12
X
X
3
37

12
24
13
7
2
8
12
78

7
31
19
3
8
13
8
89

X
X

4
2
9
4

4
1
1

2
2X

6

4

.489

5
12
12
4
8
6
8
55

1

7
6
5
10
4
X

X

6

6

3
3

2

X
3

29
1
35
22
5
3
95

20
22
15
4
9
70

1
X

2

X

3
1

X

X
2

2
X

X
2

1

2

2

2

X
4

X

X
3

X

X
11

2
6

6

3

X

2
3

8

3

1
X
X

X

1

X

2

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Num­
ber
of
estab­
lish­
ments

CUTTING OB FRESH-BEEF DEPARTMENT
MALES

Laborers:
District 1 ..................................................
District 2 .....................................................
District 3......................................................
Districts 4 and 7..........................................
District 5......................................................
District 6 _....................................................
District 8 ......................................................
Total.....................................................

Total__.............. ........ ........... ...............

5

83
52
28

$0. 439
.426
.431
.378
.418
.514
.414

56

1, 767

.429

9
13
4
7
3
3
7

184
90
95
44
48
17
37
32

.912
.978
.643
1.003
. 654
.667
.527
.627

57

547

.811

13
13
7

12 2

fl
2

11

1
1
2

3
3
16

89
39
71
4

22

•
15
11

1
2

1

1

27

1

1
1
1

3
32

5

1

1

334

205 1,099

88

9

2

1

1

1

4

3

5

5
1

4

3

14
3
3

4

4

1

2

4

2

3

3

17

s

15

1

16

32

3

4

1

6

13

29
15
3

62
36

5

27
5

•

14
5

5

1

2

5

i

5
3

16

12
12

6

9

4
4

3

2

49

71

87

21

12

27

13

18

21

21

6
1
1
1

7
4

2

2

7
14

4

1
11
2

1

2

6

4

1
2
2

5

2
2

--

]

1
1

5
1
4

20

1

I

1

1

15

1
1
1

1

1

1

4

1

3

!
i
|
332 ! 178
437
87
217
34
29 :
4
58 1 17
2 ;
11
3
24

10

2

2
1

2

1

53

144

3
3

16
4
3
3

CUTTING O B FRESH -PO R K DE PA RTM E N T
MAI ES

Ham borers:
District 1__..................................... ........
District 2 _ _..................................................
District 3_....................................................
District 4..................................................
District 5 ..................................................
District 6___.............................................
District 7......................................................
District 8 ......................................................
Total.....................................................




8

13
15
5
12

;
i

|
6 1
4 i
1
4 i
!
67 j

45
50
67
16
47
44
6

$0.816
.875
.627
.864
. 628
.585
.525
.766

286

.706

11

2

1
1

9

1
1

1

1
1

5

24

11

2
1
1

5
4
3

19
25
3

2

1

1

3

I

3

3

2
1
1

1

6

19

83

16

26 i

17

9

1

8

1
1

2

3

1

2
2

5

1

26

18
1
=

14

6

i

8

36
1
i

GENERAL TABLES

Boners:
District 1 ..................................................
District 2 .......................................................
District 3 __..................................................
District 4......................................................
District 5......................................................
District 6 ......................................................
District 7.......................................................
District 8 _ _ ......................._.........................

527
632
323

10

T able

B .— AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR FOR EMPLOYEES IN 31 TYPICAL OCCUPATIONS,
1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

I-*

CUTTING OB FBESH'POBK DEPARTM ENT—Continued

Num­
ber
of
em­
ploy­
ees

Number of employees whose classified rate of wages per hour was—
Aver­
i
age
90
95
75
80 | 85
65
70
55
60
25
35
45
50
30
40
rato of Un­
100
and and and and and and and and and and and and i and and and cent§
wages der
under under under under under under under under under under under under under under under and
per
25
95
80
85 i 90
100 over
75
70
45 ! 50
60 i 65
!
35
40
55
hour cents 30
cents cents : cents cents cents
cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents ■

males —continued

Trimmers and ham and shoulder skinners:
District 1
District 2
District 3
District 4
District 5
District 6
District 7
District 8..................................................

9
13
13
3
9
2
2

1.26 $0. 554
125
. 530
279
.503
8
.461
77
.496
. 528
75
5
.G
95
6

57

701

.522 1

Trimmers of trimmings:
District 1
District 2
District 3
____ ___ ___ ___
Districts 4 and 8
__
District 5
_ _ _ ____
District 6__..............................................

6
10
12
3
9
4

139
208
303
11
130
27

.387
. 451
.413
.669
.420
.478

Total.....................................................

44

818

.425

4

Total...... ..............................................

4

1
S

2
8
35
5
13
2

15
15
67
37
20

65 I 154

4

4

9

42

1
3
14

22
20
96

13

27
4

12
29
27
I
4
4

8
24
26

20

85
68
17
2
27
9

62

31

169

208

77

62

60
69
97
3
10
28
2

29
20
38

13
6
16

1
2
7

1

1

8
17

2
3
1

2
2

2

4
3
3
i

268

114

46

16

7

1

5
21
19

I
13
9

9
6

5

8

4
1

4

8

4

3

1
17
25
1
1
2

58

47

28

19

13

14

2

1
2
1

2
1

1

2

3

3

3
1
2
1
2

2

8

! !
2 1 1
1

1
i

1
1
5!

2

FEMALES




3
1

f

J

2
i
4
2
3
2
12

2
1

2
2
1
7

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Num­
ber
of
estab­
lish­
ments

SAUSAGE DEPARTMENT
MALES

Machine tenders: *
District 1 .......................... . . . . . ..........
District 2 ___ _______ __________ ______________
District 3 , — ___ ________________ _
Districts___ ____________________
District 5 ___ _______ _____________
District 6 ...................................................................
District 7 _ _ ______ __________________________
District 8 ____________________________________
Total_________________________
Stutters:
District 1 ______ _________________
District 2 ............................................ ......................
District 3 ...................................................................
District 4 ________________________
District 5 ________________________
District 6 ____________________________________
District 7 ____________________________________
District 8 _ _ .............................................................

10
13
16
6
13
6
3
8

74
104
94
29
60
26
7
24

$0,486
.4 9 8
.46 5
.433
.541
.5 1 7
.4 7 6
.5 2 7

75

418

.4 9 2

1

9
16
26
15
6
2

47
51
46
8
15
8

---------9

3
6
3
1
2
2

5
5
4

1
6

5
1

6

2

i

1 ----------

1

15

7

2

2

1

5
1
2
5
1

4

2
15
1
1

3
8
1

2

1
2

1

6

6

5

1

12
4
2
1

80

181

65

18

83

12
22
5
1
5
13
6
6

7
5
2

1

4
6
3
1
12
6
1
8

......

1

29

36

14

14

12
3

35

16

1

3
1

8

3

1

1

39

24

4

1

1

2

3

8
15
11
2
12

9
8

1

1

= B S
10
12
15
6
13
6
4
8

102
97
65
17
49
44
14
18

.4 9 8
.6 0 2
.4 9 9
.72 3
.5 5 2
.5 2 4
.4 9 8
.51 1

74

406

.5 4 3

Linkers, twisters, tiers, and hangers:
District l-_ .................................. ......
_________
District 2 _____________________
District 3 ____ _______________________________
District 4 ____________________________________
District 5 _______________________. ____________
District 6 ____________________________________
District 7 ____________________________________
District 8 ___________________________________„

10
12
16
6
13
5
4
9

176
262
218
75
158
63
73
80

.8 7 0
.4 4 2
.32 1
.4 1 0
.32 1
.3 2 0
.2 9 2
.3 3 2

Total...............................................

75

1,105

.3 6 2

Total_________________________

2
4
2
1

1
1
1

*

10

74
29
37.
2
6
16
1
5

3
7

4

1

1
2

2

5

25

169

70

14
46
27
61
7
14
20

104
87
124
7
51
47
48
44

30
13
21

3
32
8

32
5
4
11

8

I

18
19
3
11
9
3

21
33
2
1
1

2

1

512

125

48

65

59

17

7
1

1

1
1
1 ----------

4

3

4

1

2

189

1

20

12

*

FEMALES

*Includes cutters, choppers, grfnders, mixers, curers, and feeders.




11
3

7

21

9

1

1

AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR FOR EMPLOYEES IN 31 TYPICAL OCCUPA­
TIONS, 1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

18
2

T abl e B . —

CU RED-M EAT D E PA RTM E N T

MALES
Packers: *
District 1
»
District 2
District 3
"District 4
District 5"
■District fi
District 7
District 8..................................................
Total
Picklers:*
Distrifit 1
T)i*i ripfc 2
District 3
District 4
DiQtript fi
District 6
District 7
District 8__..............................................
Total

Num­
ber
of
em­
ploy­
ees

g
14
16
6
9
7
3
6

193
284
277
42
80
63
27
22

$0,458
.450
.445
.412
.473
.466
.428
.481

70

988

.451

10
14
16
6
12
8
2
9

113
134
162
17
62
47
4
21

.487
.471
.472
.436
.484
.501
.633
.515

77

560

.480

2

1

1

1
11
34
9
6
4
5

25
92
96
24
31
12
8
7

158
157
105
6
12
28
5
6

5
18
27
1
11
15
7
6

5

70

295

477

7

3
15
22
9
11
4

1
2

1
4
11

3
1
1

12
4

6
2

1

90

32

13

2

75
86
94
7
22
18

27
27
27
1
19
17

4
3
6

2
3
2

6
6

2

6

6

4

2

4
1
2
1

70

308

122

27

15

5

100
cents
and
over

1
1

1

1

2

1

1

1

~
~

7

3

1
1
1

1
4

1

1

* Includes packers of beef, barrel pork, bellies, briskets, pig rinds, and smoked meat; dippers', vat men, sweet pickle packers, burlap sackers, wrappers, car loaders, and car
stowers
* Includes pickle men, pickle makers, pumpers, and curers.




SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Number of employees whose classified rate of wages per hour was—
Aver­
age
85
95
65
75
80
90
55
70
45
60
35
25
50
30
40
rate of Un­
wages der and and and and and and and and and and and and and and and
under under under under under under under under under under under under under under under
per
25
95
85
90
100
75
65
80
70
55
35
45
60
30
50
hour cents
40
cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents

Num­
ber
of
estab­
lish­
ments

CANNING DEPARTMENT
FEMALES

Packers (sliced bacon and chipped dried
beef in cans, glass jars, or cartons, by
hand):
District 1__..............................................
District 2__..............................................
District 3 _....................................................
Districts 4 and 6 .........................................
District 5_ ....................................................
District 7......................................................
District 8 ......................................................

4
4
9

97
92

5

2
2

Total.....................................................

31

5

2
2
2

Total.....................................................

13




3
4

10
1

387

.326

14

99
32
3
6

5
145

!
1
.340 !
.371
.267
.305
.303
.343

66
6

3

41
33
15
1

10

75
33

3
4

10
10
2

4
4

4

8

1
1

1

5

3

7

3

3

99

203

26

19

3

2

6

6

j - "
I
......... 1..........

1
1

1

9 |

4

6

i

7

i
74
1

1

10

5
3
3
3

11

4

1
86

16

2

1
2

3

3

4

1

1

14

8
6

i

3

1

1

14

6

..........I - ' - .

|
j

1

1

GENERAL TABLES

Labelers and wrappers:
District 1 - .............................................
Districts 2 and 3 __.....................................
District 4 __..................................................
District 5__..................................................
District 8 ......................................................

47
43
3
17

$0,368
.336
.289
.285
.324
.293
.348

88

T able C . —

AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED IN ONE WEEK BY EMPLOYEES IN 31
TYPICAL OCCUPATIONS, 1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT

CATTLE-KILLING DEPARTMENT

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
Num­ hours
ber of actu­
em­
Un­
ally
ploy­ worked der
ees
in one
8
week

Number of employees whose hours actually worked in one week were—
12

8

16

and
un­
der

and
un­
der

and
un­
der

12

16

20

and
un­
der

20

24

24

and
un­
der
28

28

32

36

40

44

48

52

56

and
un­
der

and
un­
der

and
un­
der

and
un­
der

and
un­
der

and
un­
der

and
un­
der

and
un­
der

32

36

40

44

48

52

56

60

60

and
over

MALES

Headers:

D istrict 1
"District 2
D istrict 3

___ . . . . . . . .

TWQtrint K
D fetrirt ft
TMQtrtrt* 7
District 8...................................................... ..........................

T o ta l-.-.— ——— — __________- ______ - _______
Leg breakers:
District 1
...
........
.
.....
District 2
.......................... ...........................................
District 3
—- -Districts 4 anrl 7
.
District 5
ft
District 8.................................................................................

9
12
11
5
3
3
2
6
51

120

51.5
48.3
45.8
47.2
55.8
29.1
55.0
50.6

1

181

46.3

67
90
39
23

50.1
49.8
48.6
44.7

6
6

T o t a l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ___ — _—____ — ___

55
10
13
14
5

■- ..

2
3
3

2
8
2
7

10
14
1

7

2

1
6
4
1

2
1

1
1
1

46.5
49.7
43.8
43.8
49.5
32.0
48.8

3
5

5

2
4
4
4

4

5

2
4
2

1

2

48.1

35
69
30
15
11
13
8

9
13
13

1
1

2
1

1

'

"

Floormen or siders:
District 1
- ---District 2
- .
District 3
District 4____ _____ _____ - ........................................




27
43
19
11
3
6
3
8

1

3= 5^

2
1
1

10

1

4
2
2

5
2

1
1
1

■..
V

1
1
1

3
y■
"rrrrr.-

2

1

if: ■ ■
;
1

1
I

2
1

2

14

10

21

33

8

12

2
3
9
5
1
1

3
3
7
1
2

1
14
1
6
4

15
23
4
1
1

5
1
1

1
14
2

1

1
1

3

4

1
19

1

_ '' '

8

6

1

1

2

1

8

2

3
3

8

19
8 | 21
rr.\SSSTsrsirm
STS
s

30

45

8

1
3
2

2
5
8

6
19
10

29
36
2

21

rrszistsi

1

1
7
6

10

3
1
7

11

16
9

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

[District 1, Chicago. District 2, Kansas City, Omaha. St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph. District 3, Austin (Minn.), Cedar Rapids, Des Moines, Mason City, Milwaukee,
Ottumwa, Sioux City, Sioux Falls, South St. Pam, Topeka, Waterloo, and Wichita. District 4, Oklahoma City, Dallas, Fort Worth, and Houston. District 5, Buffalo, Cin­
cinnati, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, and Pittsburgh. District 6, Boston, New Haven, New York, Philadelphia, and Springfield (Mass.). District 7, Baltimore and Jack­
sonville. District 8, Denver, Los Angeles, Portland, San Francisco, Seattle, and Tacomal

J-

©

District o .......................................................................
District 6.......................................................................
District 7.......................................................................
Districts.......................................................................

6
3
2
9

17
14
3
19

48.9
30.4
55.0
46.9

Total.........................................................................

62

272

48.1

Gutters and bung droppers:
District 1.......................................................................
District 2.......................................................................
District 3.......................................................................
Districts 4 and 7...........................................................
District 5.......................................................................
District 6.......................................................................
District 8.......................................................................

10
1
1
12
5
7
3
7

23
38
21
10
12
8
9

50.4
50.5
48.3
38.5
49.6
30.1
42.3

Total_______________ _________________________

55

121

47.1

1

1

3

3

7

4

10

10

1
1

27

16

60

i

1
1

1
. 3
1
1
1

3
5
3
2

2
2
3

1
!
!
1
1
1
:

1

3

i
■

51.9
53.5
48.4
49.2
45.9
29.8
58.3
40.0

1

149

49.3

1

1

1 1
i

l

181
340
142
119
51
62
13
41

51.6
52.1
46.5
40.5
45. 7
37.5
44.5
44.7

9

1

Total..........................................................................

63

949

48.1

!

3
1
1
1
9

1
2
4
10
2

1
2
1
3
1

19 i
1

8

1
1
17

22

29

10
17
2

6

1

3

2

15

9

20

32

10

1

5
1
8
1

2
5
6
1
3

13
27
3
6

9
2

1
3
2

1
1
4

1

4

1
7
3
2
2

75

7 !

2

1

1
2

4

2

6

5

i
t> !

«
,

1

1
3
1

1

6
a

2

1

1

12

10
6
1
1

2

1
1

7

i
10
13
12
c
9
3
3
7

1

6
1

2
6
2
3
5
1
1

1

57 ;

1

2

I

2

31
49
28
ii
8
9
3
10

Laborers:
District 1................ ......................................................
District 2.......................................................................
District 3......... .................. .................. .......................
District 4............................................. .......................
District 5_______________________________________
District 6___________________ ____ _______________
District 7_______________________________________
District 8__________ _____________________________




2

3
5

2
1

2

9 i
12 i
13
4 !
6
3
2
8

Total__________________ ___ _______ ___________

1

1

2
1
1
2

2
8 !

3
2
2
1
1
1
10

4
2
4
3
1
32
1
47

1
1
1
i

3
i
3
4
2

!
1

i
1
1
!.
4 !

17 !
i

3

4

7

18

21

51

12

18

6
9
16
17
2
1
2
8

14
38
30
35
9
9

59
15
10

6

64
147
25
5
4
7
3
6

5
1
1
3

14
87
19
5
9
2
3
4

61

141

261

94

143

3 1
:1
4 1 24
7 ! 12
!
o 1
!
21 4
___ i
41 i
o2

82

GENERAL TABLES

Splitters:
District 1................................. .....................................
District 2......... ............................................................
District 3.......................................................................
District 4......................................................................
District 5............................ ...........................................
District 6......................................................................
District 7......................................................................
District 8.......................................................................

i
9

1

4

T able

O .— AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED IN ONE WEEK BY EMPLOYEES IN 31
TYPICAL OCCUPATIONS, 1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

J*
7

&

HOG-KILLENG DEPARTMENT

MALES
Laborers: *
District 1................................................... ...... ........... .
District 2____ ___ ___ _________ ____ _____________
District 3.............................................................. ........
District 4__ _
-- _________ ___________
_____________
District 5________ _ _ _ _______
District 0__
______ ________________________
District 7
_
. _
________
District 8__....................................................................
Total__________________ ________________ ______
Stickers:
District 1 -____________________ ___
District 2
_ _ _ _ _ _
District 3__
__
________ _ _________________
District 4
_
____ _________
District 5
-_ _ _____________
District 6
District 7 __
__ _ ___________________________
District 8
Total...........................................................................
Shavers and scrapers:
District 1
__
District 2_
_
__
__________________________ _
District 3________________________ ____ __________
District 4
_
District 5__ ___ _ _ ____________________________
District 6
_
District 7
____
District 8.......................................................................
T o ta l--.......................................................................




Aver­
age
Num­ hours
ber of actu­
em­
ally
ploy­ worked Un­
der
ees
in one
8
week

8
14
16
3
12
6
2
4
65

03
109
395 j
3
131
67
22
9
829

47.6
46.7
42.7
41.0
47.5
45.6
57.4
48.1
45.2

8
13
16
3
12
5
2
6

11
14
19
3
19
5
2
6

'
j
j
;
'!
i

45.6
43.9
44.6
37.8
50.9
47.1
53.1
46.6

65

79

46.4

63
135
247
14
145
56
22
23
705

41.9
42.3
43.6
33.5
45.8
43.8
50.1
47.6
| 43.8

7
14
16
4
12
5
2
6!
66 !

Number of employees whose hours actually worked in one week were—
8
and
un­
der
12

12
and
un­
der
16

16

8

1
1

32
and
un­
der
36

36
and
un­
der
40

40
and
un­
der
44

44
and
un­
der
48

48
and
un­
der
52

1
7

5
2
7

11
5
30

7
35
96

6
1

12

11
12

5
6

19
11
78
1
24
11

26 | 09

149

__ 3
147

18
24
58
1
20
10
7
2
140

1

1

7

2

2

1
3

6
1
1
1

9 !

1

11

28
and
un­
der
32

20
and
un­
der
24

7

10

1
16

1
2
7

24
and
un­
der
28

16
and
un­
der
20

.........
16 | 10
|

1
1

1
1

1
3

1

i
1

1

1
4
2
1
1

4 !
4
7
4

2
2
2
1
5

l
1
52 ! 56 ;
60
and i and
un­ un- ; and
der
der over
56
60

14
18
30

8
2
10

8
9
33

"~l3!I 14" ■'""2
4
6 i 11
5
3 i
7
1
2 !
86 | 53
8
1
1
1
1

1
1

3
1

3
1
1

2
1

1
2

’ 1
!

1

2

2

1

3
5
2
1
4
1

1
6
4
1
2
2
1

5

16

1

4 i
1
2

3

1

1

4 i

» ii

1
1
2
4

1
2
1

6
3
2
1
3
1
16

17

3

i
2

5

10

22

15

7

8

5

8
1
2
5
3
30
4
20 " ' l 4 '
6

14
55
73
5
15
3

24
22
38

6
18
41

5
5
26

3
6

7
10

8
26
23
25
8
18
10
6
4
5
1
7
13 _____ _____
123 i 118 j 68
39

3
1
28

1

37

1
57

165

7

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments

Gutters, bung droppers, and rippcrs-open:
District l _ .....................................................................
District 2.......................................................................
District 3.......................................................................
District 4.......................................................................
District 5.......................................................................
District 6.......................................................................
District 7_.....................................................................
District 8__...................................................................

32
48
72
5
46
22
6
11

45.4
42.3
44.3
34.8
46.6
48.7
54.4
48.9

1

__

64

242

45.1

2

Splitters:
District 1__...................................................................
District 2__...................................................................
District 3__.............. ........ ............................................
District 4.......................................................................
District 5__...................................................................
District 6........... ...........................................................
District 7...... ................................................................
District 8 .......................................................................

9
14
16
4
12
5
2
6

31
3Q
49
4
31
16
2
7

Total..........................................................................

68

170

Total___ ________ ______ ____________

____

1
2
1

1

1
2
1

1

3
3
1
3

3 1
3 i
!
1
7
1

2
7
4
1

7
19
19
2
2

9
10
6
8

2
4
15

4
1
8

1
1

3
5
5

10

3
7
2
1

8
2
3
1

3
2

4
3

48.4
45.2
1
47.9
35.1
46.4
48.0
63.9 i
_____
49.6 1
1

1

2

1

47.1

1
1

1

2

4

1
1
1

1
1

10

14

4
1

i
2
2
1

1
4
9
1
2
1

1
4

44

37

26

16

18

9
12
7

8
3
14

3
2
4

4
3
4

1
1
6

6
6

3
4

7

3

2
1

2

2

15 i

49

1
5

10

7

18

42

34

19

19

11

4
4
18
3
7
3

8
32
36
10
3
5
3

17
13
29
7
11
7
1

7
22
21
5
3
4
2

43
35
32
6
4
4
4

32
5
7

10
23
19

3
7

3
4
2
5
9
7

5
3
2

3

15

30

39

97

85

64

128

54

55

3

2

2
4
1
2

1
4
1

3
1
12
4
2

3
6
5
2
6
3

11
19
3
5

21
36
5
2

9
2
4
i

1

1
3

3
14
12
2
1

25

39

68

16

32

3

1

1

3

OFFAL (OTHER THAN HIDES AND CASINGS) DEPARTM ENT
MALES
Trimmers:
District 1.......................................................................
Dsitrict 2_______________________________________
District 3_______________________________________
District 4________________ ____ ______ _____ ______
Districts 5 and 7....................... ............................. ......
District 6_ ________________________________ -___
_
District 8_______ __________ ____ _____ ___________

7
14
16
4
10
6
3

130
147
168
42
55
43
12

50.5
48.1
47.6
40. 2
40.9
40.6
49.6

1
2
1
1
1

2

6

2

Total........... .................. ...........................................

60

597

47.4

Tripe scrapers and finishers:
District 1_______________________________________
District 2_______________________________________
District 3_______________________________________
District 4 ___ _____ _
__ ________
District 5________________________________ ____ __
District 6_ _______ ___ _________________________
_
District 8
.
________________ ______ _____

9
11
12
5
5
4
3

55
82
46
17
16
6
4

50.2
53.5
48.8
46.8
41.8
41.0
53.1

Total..........................................................................

49

227

1

50.1

>Includes drivers, penners, steamers, singers, washers, aitchbone breakers, and toe pullers




2
3
2

1

7

1

1
3
1
1

2
1
2
3

1
2
2

1

6

8

1

2
1

2

4

1

3

1
2
3

1
1
1

6

2

8

22

GENERAL TABLES

8
13
16
3
11
5
2
6

03
CO

T able

C .— AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED IN ONE WEEK BY EMPLOYEES IN 31
TYPICAL OCCUPATIONS, 1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

£

OFFAL (OTHER THAN HIDES AND CASINGS) DEPARTMENT—Continued

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
Num­ hours
ber of actu­
em­
Un­
ally
ploy­ worked der
ees
in one
8
week

Number of employees whose hours actually worked in one week were—
8
and
un­
der
12

12
and
un­
der
16

16
and
un­
der
20

20
and
un­
der
24

1
1

1

28
and
un­
der
32

32
and
un­
der
36

36
and
un­
der
40

40
and
un­
der
44

1
1

1

2

2
4
2

1
1
1

23
29

5

1

9

8

8

44
and
un­
der
48

48
and
un­
der
52

52
and
un­
der
56

8

24
and
un­
der
28

1
17
3

4
3

56
and
un­
der
60

60
and
over

FEMALES

Trimmers:
District 1
District 2
_
District 3
District 4
District 5
Districts 7 and 8

___

Total

_

Miscellaneous workers:8
District 1
District 2
District 3
Districts 4 and 7
District 5
__

_ ________

3
7
4

14
56
44
5

2

- ______
_______ ______________ ___
________

10
10

3

3
22

45.4
44.1
41.8
39.8
32.9
45.0

139 1 42.6
|
' |

2

.

___ ____
________

9
6

______________________

4
3

Total_________________________________________

24

4 j
53 1
47 j
12 j
38
i
154

2

-------- --------

49.9
46.2
47.9
47.3
38.0

l

2

4
3

2

18
2

1

2
1

i

2

1

2

1

6

1
1

1
2

2
2

1

4
2

3

2

1
2
1
4

1

8

2
1
3

3

54

:

i

44.9

1

5

21
=====

10

6

7
12
1

2
19
4
3
2

2
11
1
1

3

--------

ii

16
8
3
3

3
10

8

15

30

20

20

30

15

3

6
5
2
1
9

4
8
9
1
5
3
1

6
34
52
10
8
11
1

20
30
31
5
9
2

10
26
28
6
2
17
2

19
34
22
1
8
12
5

20
5
4

12
12
19
1
3

4

5

CASING DEPARTMENT
MALES
s or runners:
District 1.
District 2.
District 3.
District 4.
District 5.
District 6.
District 7.




6
14
15
4
11
8
3

101
162
173
26
57
63
15

50.2
46.8
46.6
45.0
43.7
42.9
53.3

1
1

1
2

1
1

1

4
11

4

" T
i

6

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments

8

23

49.2

Total..........................................................................

69

620

46.8

Strippers:
District 1............... ............. .........................................
District 2.......................................................................
District 3.......................................................................
District 4.........................._...........................................
District 5___________________ _______ ______ ______
District 6_______________________________________
District 7__ . __________________ ____ . _____ ______
District 8________ _________ _________ ___ ____ ____

3
13
12
4
9
6
2
6

70
70
52
16
26
19
5
12

50.9
49.0
45.6
44.8
40.3
42.0
47.8
46.8

1

Total............................... .................................. ........

55

270

47.2

3

Trimmers of casings:
District 1............................... ............._>......... .............
District 2............................................................... .......
District 3........................................... ............................
District 4........................................... ..................... ......
District 5______ _________________________________
District 6________________ __________________ ____
District 8__________________________ _ _________
_

5
12
12
4
8
6
8

23
72
48
22
24
24
27

52.8
50.6
50.2
44.8
47.5
39.2
51.4

Total________________ ____________________ ____

55

240

48.8

54

4 6 .2
4 7 .8
4 4 .6

1
1

1

2

4

6

6 1 10
1
103 ! 101

2
1

2

4

1

123

1
3
1
4
3

1
1
2
1
2

1
4
3
1
1
2

1
12
6
6
5
1

3
12
12
1
3
1
1

7
12
13
3
1
8

7

13

31 !

33

1

2
3

1
3

8

1
8

8
3
7
1
4
1

1

4

5

14

3

1

31

1

1

27

1

2

21

1

3

1

1

3

1
1

1

1

2

8

2

9
1
2

3
5
3

1
1

2

8

41
23
' 6
3
5
2
3
2

52

85

14

11

2
10
11
7
4
6
8

3
14
9
5
2

9
19
7

3
3
5
1
4

4
14
8
1
2

24

48

41

46

3

7

12
2

15
14
15

12
6

32

1
12

1

1

1

47

8

1

1
1

41 2
1
105 i 45

8

5*
2
4

2

4

18

33

FEMALES

Blowers, graders, and inspectors:
District 1........................................ .............................
District 2.......................................................................
District 3 ______________________________________________ ____
Districts 4 and 5______________________ ______ ____
District (3_____ _____________________________ ____
District 8 . . . . . . . . ___ . . . . . . . ___ __________________
Total_____ ___________________________________

3
7

5
7
4

30
60
34
14

3

29

197

4 4.1

2

1

* Includes washers, tripe washers, tripe scalders and cookers, and tripe scrapers and finishes)




1

4

2

6

17

1

2

1

2

6

23

3
2
4

2

0

37.6
41.3
45.3

14
6
17
1
4
1

27

53

43

2

9

5

2

GENERAL TABLES

District 8 ,___ . _________ *_______________________

T abl e C . —

AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED IN ONE WEEK BY EMPLOYEES IN 31
TYPICAL OCCUPATIONS, 1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

|ri

§*

CUTTING O B FBESH-BEEF DEPARTM EN T
Number of employees whose hours actually worked in one week were—
12
and
un­
der
16

16
and
un­
der
20

6
14
3
1
1

3
3

20
and
un­
der
24

5

24
and
un­
der
28

5

8
and
un­
der
12

4

28
and
un­
der
32

32
and
un­
der
36

36
and
un­
der
40

40
and
un­
der
44

44
and
un­
der
48

48
and
un­
der
52

52
and
un­
der
56

56
and
un­
der
60

5

11
18
4

14
16
15

34
26
49
10
17
12
1

23
58
34
9
16
10
9

79
99
97
37
7
10
1

129
173
55
20
6
15
7

84
108
19
14
10
9

1

53 | 149

159

330

405

244

267

8
27
13
11
16
1

19
12
27
1
6

11

7

2

2
2

7

10

38 | 83
i
1

79

5
15
26
1

60
and
over

MALES

Laborers:
_
District 1 __________________ - _____ _ ___________
District 2 _ _ ____________________________
_
District 3 __ ________________ - - ________________
Districts 4 and 7 _________________________________
District 5
___ __ ____ __ ____ _
District 6
.....
_ ______ _ _____________
District 8
. . . . . . ____ ___ _______ _____ ____
Total...........................................................................
Boners:
District 1 . . . . ___________________________________
District 2 _____________________ ___ . . . __ _ _
_
Districts . . . ________ ____ __________ _ ________
_
District 4
. - - - - - ____ ____ ____ ______
District 5
........................................................
District 6
- - ....
District 7
__
D istrict 8
_ .
Total...........................................................................

527
632
323
122
83
52
28

10
33
13
7
6
2

5

56 | 1,767
9
11
13
4
7
3
3
7
57

I

53.0
50.7
47.3
43.8
49.7
46.5
52.2
50.1

i
184 1 37.6
i
90 ! 43.0
95 I 49.8
44
36.7
48
47.2
41.2
17
37
52.1
47.5
32
547

43.1

2

4
6
1

2

11

1

1

4

13
1

7
2

4

;
13
3
1
1

5

25
5

31

1

!
1

1

8 i

24

13

1

10

32

4
2
2

2

4
2

1

20

2
3

41

4
3
1
1

5

2

5
13
1
7

1
14

1
1

18
1

1
1
1
1

1
2

4

2

1
1
1

1

1

12

29

10

22

20 !
j
!

10
6
2
4

3
4
2

3
5
3
1

3
4

6
2

13 |
i

5
6
3
2

2
2

1

11
12
5
2
7
1

4

4611
15
2
7
2
19
5

128
88
29
4
17

25
1
5
3
6
6

3

107

59

21

2
3
11
2

4

7

CUTTING O B FBESH -POBK DEPARTM ENT
M
ALES
Ham boners:
District 1
__
__
District 2
--District 3
District 4_-_....................................................................




8
13
15
5

45
50
67
16

35.3
37.1
45.6
38.8

3
1

3

1

7
3

9
8
4
1

2
9
5

1

2

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Aver­
age
Num­ hours
ber of actu­
em­
Un­
ally
ploy­ worked der
ees
in one
8
week

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments

District 5................................................
District 6................................................
District 7................................................
District 8................................................
Total...................................................

47.6
51.3
52.5
42.7

Total...................................................

43.5

67 j

Trimmers and ham and shoulder skinners:
District 1................................................
District 2................................................
District3................................................
District 4................................................
District 5.............................................
District 6................................................
District 7.......................... .................
District 8................................................

1 I

2 i

126
125
279
8
77
75

701

44.0

42,7

15 i

12

44.0
40.0
45.1
32.7
41.6
40.0

818

22

35

30

16

45.6
39.2
45.2
37.3
39.5
49.1
54.4
43.9

139
208
303
11
130
27

57

11

16
8
"27

12

15

48 | 42 ; 206

122

87

40

76

FEMALES

44

35

11

TABLES

Total...................................................

GENERAL

Trimmers of trimmings:
District 1................................................
District 2................................................
District3................................................
Districts 4 and 8....................................
District 5................................................
District 6........... ....................................

56

81

217

161

98

60

59

1

3
3

2
4
10
1

13
16
13
2
5

17
28
34
3
9
8

4

10

10

16
17
17
7
6
4
1
9

7
9
4
10
15
6
3
1

11
24
13
3
23
8
3

17

53

109

77

55

85

SAUSAGE DEPARTM EN T
MALES
Machine tenders:3
District 1..............................
District 2..............................
District 3.............................
District 4.............................
District 5..............................
District 6..............................
District 7.............................
District 8.............................
Total........... .....................

74
104
94
29
60
26
7
24
75

50.1
52.2
50.2
51.1
58.4
58.2
58.8
50.1

418

52.6

1
2

=

3

1
1

1

2

1

2

o

1
1

2

1

2

1

1
1

3

1

7

•Includes cutters, choppers, grinders, mixers, curers, and feeders.




CO
<1

T able C .— AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED IN ONE WEEK BY EMPLOYEES IN 31
TYPICAL OCCUPATIONS, 1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT—Continued

J
—
gg

SAUSAGE DEPARTMENT—Continued
Aver­
age
Num­ hours
ber of actu­
em­
Un­
ally
ploy- worked der
8
in one
week

Number of employees whose hours aotually worked in one week were—
8
and
un­
der
12

12
and
un­
der
16

16
and
un­
der
20

20
and
un­
der
24

24
and
un­
der

28
and
un­
der

32
and
un­
der
36

36
and
un­
der
40

40
and
un­
der
44

44
and
un­
der
48

48
and
un­
der
52

52
and
un­
der
56

56
and
un­
der
60

and
over

m ales—continued

Stutters:
District 1.........................................
District 2.........................................
District 3.........................................
District 4.........................................
District 5.........................................
District 6.........................................
District 7.........................................
District8.........................................

102
97
05
17
49
44
14
18

48.0
48.4
50.4
44.0
55.8
57.4
55.0
52.3

Total.............................................

406

50.7

80

176
262
218
75
158
63
73
80

45.4
48.0
46.1
44.6
46.1
47.9
48.8
4G.2

50
40
39
13
44 ;
27
3 I
17 :

1,105

46.0

14
19
2
1
111

79

32

59

FEMALES
Linkers, twisters, tiers, and hangers:
District 1.........................................
District 2.........................................
District 3.........................................
District 4.........................................
District 5.........................................
District 0.........................................
District 7.........................................
District 8.........................................
Total.................., .........................

75

12

12

13

14

43

117

10

233 : 371

149

CURED-MEAT DEPARTM ENT

Packers:4
District 1.




193

49.4

28

30

45

61

87

19

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments

District 2................................................
District3.................................
District 4...................................................
District 5..........................................................
District 7..........................................................
District 8................................................................
Total.......................................................................
Picklers:6
District
District
District
District
District
District
District
District

1.................................................................
2.............................................
3................................................
4................................................
5.......................................................
6.............................................................
7.........................................
8..............................................

284

6

27
22

47.7
48.1
45. 0
47.9
48.4
55. 5
48.4

70

988

48.3

10
14
16
6
12
8
2
9

113
134
162
17
62
47
4
21

49.4
47.1
49. 2
45.1
48.0
50.5
55.0
49.9

77

560

48.6

(t

9
<
3

277

42
80
6o

1 ]
l
1

1

1

1

j
I

R
o
3

2

6
I

2

1

*
>
u

1

2
1

1

10

3

1

2
3

1

7
i
6

1

8
Q
5
7
3

1
1

1

22
23

69

9
1

13
18
18

2

00

Q
Q
oV
80
11
29
20

Q
13

15
14

2

1
1

12
1
16

4
0

1
1

2
1
..........
1

1
x

1

2

4 !

1

1

1

13

17

28

I
2

2
3

1
2
3

1

■

1

1

5
1

11
14
21
3
4
2

2

13
290

203

38

67

18
41
32
4
14

4
9
9
I
Q
4

15

Q
A
O
O
18
31
2
14
17
2
3

8
A
13
1
4

5

28
47
46
4
11
17

2

4

3
3

217

4

;

3

3

52
55
A
0
5
18

123

27

1

2

3

6

5

7

11

55

117

169

1

2
7

11
4

3
5

2
10
5
5

33
31
12
13
2
1
1

23
25
19
13
3
1
9

7

4

13

28
5
19
1
7

10

93

93

67

28

3 i 21
1j
4
* 1
| 1
1 4
2
I
5
28

36
4
2
1

37

1

13
19

43

1

31

CANNING D EPARTM EN T
FEMALES

Packers (sliced bacon and chipped dried beef in cans,
glass jars or cartons, by hand):
District 1.......................................................................

1

17

41.7
37.1
47.9
37.4
49. 7
45.3
46.2

31

387

42.6

1

3
4

40.0
44.8
33.0
46.8
45.1

1

41.5

1

4
4
9
5
5
2
2

97

District 3.......................................................................
Districts 4 and G...........................................................
District 5.......................................................................
District 7.......................................................................
District 8 ................................................................. „ ............
Total..........................................................................

92

88
47
43
3

Labelers and wrappers:
District 1.......................................................................
Districts 2 and 3...................................................................
District 4 .............................................
District 5 ................................................................................
District 8.......................................................................

2

99
32
3
6
5

Total...........................................................................

13

145

2
2

1

1
5

2
2

1

5

7
1

1

1

4

5

3

3

9

5

18

11

1
1

11
1

3
1

10
1

2

12

4

11

22 !

2
3

5

!
11 i
12

23 !

1
1i
!

* Includes packers of beef, barrel pork, bellies, briskets, pig rinds, and smoked meats; dippers, vat men, sweet-pickle packers, burlap s&ckers, wrappers, car loaders, and car stowers.
•Includes pickle men, pickle makers, pumpers, and curers.




GENERAL TABLES

Total.......................................................„......

14
16

D .— AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED EARNINGS ACTUALLY MADE IN ONE WEEK BY EMPLOYEES IN 31 TYPICAL
OCCUPATIONS, 1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT

140

T able

[District 1, Chicago. District 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph. District 3, Austin (Minn.), Cedar Rapids, Des Moines, Mason City, Milwaukee,
OttumWa, Sioux City, Sioux Falls, South St. Paul, Topeka, Waterloo, and Wichita. District 4, Oklahoma City, Dallas, Fort Worth, and Houston. District 5, Buffalo, Cin­
cinnati, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, and Pittsburgh. District 6, Boston, New Haven, New York, Philadelphia, and Springfield (Mass.). District 7, Baltimore and
Jacksonville. District 8, Denver, Los Angeles, Portland, San Francisco, Seattle and Tacoma]

Sex, occupation, and district

Num­ Num­
ber of
estab­ ber of
em­
lish­
ments ployees

Number of employees whose actual earnings in one week were—
Earn­
ings ac­
tually
$8
$10
$12
$14 $16
$35
$45
$6
$25
$4
$20
$30
$40
made Un­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and
in one der under under under under under under under under under under under under under
week
$4
$10
$12
$14
$8
$25
$40
$35
$45
$50
$6
$16 $20
$30

$50
and
under
$60

MALES
Headers:
District 1
District 2
District 3
District 4
District 5
District 6
District 7
District 8

9
12
11
5
3
3
2
6

27
43
19
11
3
6
3
8

$32.76
32.00
29.25
27.81
34.04
27.95
27.67
27.71

51

120

30.80

9
13
13
6
6
3
5

35
69
30
15
11
13
8

25.88
26.17
23.67
22.42
29.18
27.71
29.40

Total.....................................................

55

181

25.83

2

Floormen or siders:
TVctrirt 1
District 2
"District 3
District 4........ .........................................

10
13
14
5

67
90
39
23

43.04
42.27
41.90
36.51

1
1

Total

*

.........................................

Leg breakers:
District 1
District 2
District 3
Districts 4 and 7
■District fi




1

1

1

1

1

6
5
2

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1
1

2

2

1

1

i

14
13
4
3
1
1
1
2

7
5
3

1
1

1
1

3
1

2

4

1

1

1

1

1

2

13

38

39

15

3

1

1
1
1
1

2
4
5

6
13
10
7
3
7

11
33
7
4
2
4
6

9
13
3
2
3
1

2

1

2

46

67

31

7

1

3

1

4
2
1

3
10
9
4

7
3
8
6

31
41
6
11

4
8
2

18
21
12

1

2
1

1

5
12
2
6
1
5
2
5

4

1

12
2
1

1

1
1

2

$60 $70
and and
under over
$70

SLAUGHTEBING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTBY

C A TTLE -K ILLIN G D E P A RT M E N T

District 5________ _____ _____ ________
District 6...... ................ .........................
District 7___________ ._________ ____
District 8_______________ _________

6
3
2
9

17
14
3
19

Total.....................................................

62

272

41.12

1

35.79
43.85
38.35
36.14

Gutters and bung droppers:
District 1__.............................................
District 2. ..............................................
District 3. .................... ...................... .
Districts 4 and 7........... ..........................
District 5__......... ....................................
District 6____________________________
District 8_________________ ____ _____
Total_____________________________

=====

1

121

27.05

2

Laborers:
District 1_________________________
District 2............. ....................................
District 3_................................................
District 4..................................................
District 5__....... ........................ _...........
District 6__....... .....................................
District 7__......... ....................................
District 8.................................................
Total...... .............................................

1

1

2
6
2
1

4

1

19

56

4

1

7

1
3

3

9

38

38

100

2
7
5
3
2
6
4

10
20
2
3
2
1
2

8
4
5

1
5
6

1

5

29

40

25

12

1

1

1
1
1

1

1
3
5
1
1

12
22
5
6

9
10
6
1
1

4
....- -

1

55

57




1

1
1

Total_______________ ____ _________

10

1

=====

29.53
28.31
27.75
19.55
29.31
22.73
22.94

2
1

1
2
1
1

2
2

44.17
45.41
40.60
40.50
31.93
42.50
45.34
32.84

1

149

42.14

1

181
340
142
119
51
62
13
41

24.23
23.06
20.98
14.74
19.77
20.53
14.70
18.58

1
9
2
7
2
1
2

63

949

21.32

24

1

2
5
9
1
1
18

1
2
1
5
2

2
3
2
2
1

1

1
3

12

14

3
2
3
12

2

2
5
2
9
7

3

1

13

22

56

77
171
44
14
11
37
2
17

55
93
26

20
13
10

1
3
3

1
2

10
3
1
3

2

2

373

191

46

1

4

13
34
40
53
11
20
5
7

21

26

29

183

1

1

5
1
6
3
3
1
1
2

3
3
4
8
2
1
1
4

1— r= s
..

7

2

1

10
13
12
6
9
3
3
7

3

1

31
49
28
11
8
9
3
10

1
4

1

2

23
38
21
10
12
8
9

9
12
13
4
6
3
2
8

1

2

10
11
12
5
7
3
7

Splitters:
District 1____________________________
District 2___________ _________ _______
District 3................. ......................... ___
District 4........ ........_.......................... .
District 5________________ ___________
District 6__............................................
District 7__................................... ..........
District 8__..............................................

1

7
1
3

1
9

3

1
28

4
11
4

1

1
1
21

1

T able

D .— AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED EARNINGS ACTUALLY MADE IN ONE WEEK BY EMPLOYEES IN 31 TYPICAL
OCCUPATIONS, 1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

£
£3

HOG-KILLING DEPARTMENT
Number of employees whose actual earnings in one week were—
EarnNum­ ings ac­
ber of tually
$45
$35
$40
$10
$12 $14 $16 $20 $25
$6
$4
emmade Un­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and
in one der under under under under under under under under under under under under under
week
$4
$45
$25
$35
$50
$40
$12
$14
$13
$10
$6

$20

XALX3

Laborers:1
District 1....................
District 2....................
District 3__................
District 4...................
District 5...................
District 6...................
District 7...................
District 8....................
Total.......................
Stickers:
District 1...................
District 2...................
District 3...................
District 4___ - ______
District 5__...............
District 6__...............
District 7....................
District 8....................

8
Ai
16
3
12
0
2
4

63
109
395
3
131
67

$21.
20.
17.
14.
2L

9

25
48
167
1
28
17
1

21.

22

65

15

20.

25.

19.56

12

12

31

74

287

239

24

29.43
26.97
28.62
21.46
31.97
28.82
32.54
28.62

Total.......................
Shavers and scrapers:
District 1 - - ............
District 2...................
District 3...................
District 4...................
District 5...................
District 6...................
District 7...................
District 8 - . ......... ......

79

22.20

Total.......................

705

30

29.08

03
135
247
14
145
56




100

22

23

44
73
113

21.73
21.85
18.85
25.00
22.46
26.91
29.04

11
25
11
4
3

16

12

41

85

12

4
8
23

10

284

144

71

25

$50
$70
and and and
under under over
$60 $70

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments

Gutters, bung droppers, and rippers-open:
District 1................................................
District 2................................................
District 3...... .........................................
District 4................................................
District 5 -................ *...........................
District 6.......................... *.................. .
District 7....................... ...................... .
District 8 - . ......... ................................ .

1

Total_____________________ _______
Splitters:
District 1...... .................. ................... .
District 2........ ...................................... .
District 8___________ ________ ______ _
District 4........ ....... ....... ...................
District 5................................................
District 6................................................
District 7____________________ _____ _
District 8___......................................... .

242
31
30
49
4
31
16
2
7
170

29.89

1

12
8
24
2
9
5
1
6

5
5
4

2
4
2

3
1
3

9
5
4
2

9
3
1

2

67

34

21

12

1

9
5
14

6
3
6

2

1

5

1

6
6

8
3
2

2

10

1

1

1
1

1

1

3

1

5
1

7
23
29
3
10
7

6

1

14

79
3
2
3
3
5
3

10
19
17
1
3
6

3

19

58

42

28

117

59

28

•
29

34

17

4
4

3

32.13

Total................................. .................

1
1
1

3

27.77
24.60
25.27
23.46
28.22
26.66
32.94
32.64

2

26.64

2

1

3

s= a =
1

1

1

1

1

1
1

6

2

2

6

=2= =*= = =

1
2

OFFAL (OTHER THAN HIDES AND CASINGS) DEPARTM EN T

TABLES

MALES

Trimmers:
District 1......................
District 2.....................
District 3.........................
District 4____ _________
Districts 5 and 7 . . .........
District 6_*__________
District 8.......................

130 $25.12
147 25.09
168 23.60
42
19.41
66
19.96
43
24.51
12
22.31

Total.........................

23.68

Tripe scrapers Mid finishers:
District 1__............... .
District 2 ...........
District 3 - - .....................
District 4........ ................
District 5-_.....................
District 6__..................
District 8.......................

34.66
32.42
25.10
20.44
20.85
28.51
26.64

Total........ ................

49

227

29.56

* Includes drivers, penners, steamers, singers, washers, aitchbone breakers, and toe pullers.




14

18

94

32

231

14

&

T able

D .— AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED EARNINGS ACTUALLY MADE IN ONE WEEK BY EMPLOYEES IN 31 TYPICAL
OCCUPATIONS, 1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

£

O FFAL (OTHER THAN HIDES AND CASINGS) DEPARTM ENT—Continued
-

■ ■ ...
■

FEMALES

Trimmers:
T
i

3
7
4
3

O

Districts 7 and 8__________________

Miscellaneous workers:2

m

3

1
0
1
0

2
2

Total

'|\

2

14
56
44
5

O

District 5 ___________________________
rn .f.t

139

2

4
53
47

9
g
4
3
24

$16.22
17.51
14.41
14.08
14.51
16.03
15.95

1

1
2
5

1
-------

1

9

1
I
8
1
2
1
14

1

3

3
3

1 .0
01

1
1

7

38

1
6

13

1
2

154

13.33

1

7

5

2
2

18

1
2

6
2
2
15

= r=

16.45
14.91
13.83
13.’ 82

2

3
17
13

5

3
3
■
■

39

8
2
3
2

2
1
1
2

4

1

3

18
3S
-------- = = :.

1

4

...

tt

2
2
1
8

3

3

37

3

l

7
a
o

15
25
28

28
69
67
14

33
37
30
4

---•
:

l

8
6

tt-

3
3

2

9
9

17
13

24

6

7
16

1

CASING DEPARTMENT
MALES

Casing pullers or runners:




6

14
15
4

11
0
162
173
26

$25.90
24.16
24.13
21.93

1

1
1

1

1
o

1
1
1

2
1

X

6

7
16
33

1
2
3
4

1

2
2

1

SLAUGHTEEING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTBY

Sex, occupation, and district

Number of employees whose actual earnings in one week were—
Earn­
ings ac­
ber of Num­ tually
2
$4
$ $ $0 $ 2 $14 $16 $ 0 $25 $30 $35 $40 $45 $50 $60 $70
6 8 1 1
estab­ ber of made Un­
em­
lish­ ployees in one der and and and and and and and and and and and and and and and and
under under under under under under under under under under under under under under over
under
ments
$4
week
2
$ $ $ 0 $ 2 $14 $16 $ 0 $25 $30 $35 $40 $45 $50 $60 $70
6 8 1 1

District 5.............................. .
District 6............................... .
District 7.............................. .
District 8____ ________ _____

57

Total....................................

620

Strippers:
District 1__________________
District 2_______________ _
District3____ _____________
District 4__________________
District 5__________________
District 6................ ................
District 7...............................
District 8__________________
Total....................................

12
7

2
2

24.37

55

270

40
28
14
4

Total....................................

197

13

11

3

75
1
....

10

30

10
8

7
1
6

1

24.98

1

110

67

26

9

23.55

22

21

11

12

1
7
3

1
7
1

13
5
13
12

18"

16.07

22

8
16"

"...

25
19
23
5
4
5
81

11

12

4
6

2

32

33

2
2

25

12
10

7
1
4

16.99
18.10
16.43
12.23
14.17
17.55
29

22

6

FEMALES

Blowers, graders, and inspectors:
District 1.................................
District 2--------- ----------------D istricts.................................
Districts 4 and 5........... ........
D istricts________ _________
District 8.................................

148

11

14

GENERAL TABLES

240

236

6
7

8

21

6

97

12

26.43
25.75
26.68
20.47
25.97
20.99
25.03
55

18
28

1

16

23.53
24.98
24.58
19.84
19.86
22.99
22.43
25.17

Trimmers o f’casings:
District 1.................................
District 2.................................
District3__________________
District 4_____________ ____
District 5................................
District 6................................
District 8__________________
Total....................................

22.27
24.80
27.19
25.71

7

11

2

31

* Includes washers, tripe washers, tripe scalders and cookers, and tripe scrapers and finishers.




E

T able D . —

AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED EARNINGS ACTUALLY MADE IN ONE WEEK BY EMPLOYEES IN 31 TYPICAL
OCCUPATIONS, 1925, BY DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

J-

CUTTING O B FRESH-BEEF D E P A RTM E N T

$60 $70
and and
under over
$70

MALES
Laborers:
District 1
District 2

6
10
4
13
2

2
6
3
2

22.23 | 22 1 35

13

13

16 ;

1

1
1
1

2

3

$24.04
22.28
21.24
16.77
21.00
24.22
21.85

3
10
7
2

10
13
13
7
6
2
5

527
632
323
122
83
52
28

56

1,767
184
90
95
44
48
17
37
32

32.66
41.69
33.54
36. 71
30.87
28.21
27.60
30.34 ;

1
1
1

District 8..................................................

9
11
13
4
7
3
3
7

Total.....................................................

57

547

33.85

5

T)istrfct 5
Dl^tri^t fi
district 8................................................ Total

-

Boners:
District 1..................................................
District 2
District 3
District 4
Tii^triot /
%
^

f
t

T tj*itf*t
^iQ
T\ictvint 7

2

6
8
2

1

4
14
11
8
4

12
16
16
12
3

57
97
72
39
37
5
10

235
277
147
37
15
22
14

119
144
30
5
15
22
4

60
42
17

19
4
12

4
2

3

41

59

317

747

339

125 !
,

38

2

6

18

18
2
2

20
8
10
5
16

17
8
5
5
6
2
14
7

13
12
10
8
6
3
2
1

7
9
11

1

1

64

55

30

49

59

2
13
1
2
2

1
2

3

5

1

3

1

1

1

1
1
1
4

4
3
1
4

1

2
4

22
13
37
12
2
5
15
12

20

32

65

118

13
8
17
5

2
1
1

1
1

4

1
1
5

9

1

7
2

1
1

2

17
13
9
4
5

30
14
8
5
2

4
7

3
3

1
2

2
1

14

11

2

CUTTING OR FRESH-PORK DEPARTM ENT
MALES

Ham boners:

T'kietrtat 1
Tlic+rint O
Tlic+rto+ 1

District 5....................... -.........................




8

13
15
5

1
2

45
50
67
16
47

$28.84
30.96
29.50
33.90
30.59

2

1
1

1

1
1

1
2
1

8
2
2
1

9

1
0

5
7

6

5

5

3
3
4

1

3
3

2

4

2
5

3

1

4

1
1

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Sex, occupation, and district

Number of employees whose actual earnings in one week were—
Earn­
Num­ Num­ ings ac­
ber of
$45
$50
$25
$40
$4
$12 $14
$30 ! $35
$8
$6
$10
$16 $20
estab­ ber of tually Un­
em­
made
and and and and and and and and and and and and and and
lish­
der under under under under under under under under under under Iunder under under under
ments ployees in one
week
$4
$50
$60
$14 $16
$40 $45
$20
$25
$12
$30 $35
$6
$8
$10

District 6 ..................... ................................
District 7................................................
District 8............................ ...................

6
4
4

44
11
6

29.52
27.29
32.98

Total...................................................

67

286

30.07

Trimmers and ham and shoulder skinners:
District 1...............................................
District 2 ..............* ......................... ........................................
District 3....................... ........................
District 4................................................
District 5........ ............ ................. ........
District 6 ...............................................................................
District 7.................. - ............................
District 8.....................................- ..........

9
13
13
3
9
6
2
2

126
125
279
8
77
76
5
6

25.55
21.55
23.41
17.21
19.82
26.03
32.32
34.22

Total....................................................

67

701

6
10
12
3
9
4

1

2

3
2
3

1
4
1
1

17
3
1

2

1
2
5

2

14
7
3

3

3
1
3

1

3

16

4

22

73

64

37

34

14

13
21
58
4
30
2

46
54
93
1
9
22

40
27
66

11
9
23

6
1
12

3

3
9
2
18
1

5
40
1
2

5
6
4
3

4
3

2
2

1

I
1

23.43

4

6

5

7

s

11

33

128

225

171

61

26

139
208
303
11
130
27

17.93
18.44
19.00
19.21
17.17
18.98

3
3

1
7
8

1
2
8

3
8
21

9
13
25

28
34
84

1

7

11
1

17
1

17
8

47
56
57
5
30
6

12
31
59
4
12
4

16
29
31
1
9
2

7
7
15

1
2

11
18
24
1
12

818

18.39

9

17

18

44

65

66

121

201

122

1
1
1

6
9
10
2
4

31
38
51
11
9
3

2

10

4

1

2
1

7

2

1
4

8

4

3

1
1
12

1
4

1
2

l5
1

2
1

1

88

40

17

6

4

3
16
7
1
17
5
3
4

6
3
3

1
3
2

2
3

12
1

6
2

4
2

11

17
28
18
11
7
13
2
4

154

100

56

14

11

1

1

4

1
1

FEMALES
Trimmers of trimmings:
. District 1.......... .............................. .......
District 2- ............................................................ ....................
District 3............................ ....................
Districts 4 and 8—............ .....................
District 5_________ _____ . ____ ______
District 6- .............................................................................

1

TABLES

Total-*.................................................

SAUSAGE DEPARTM ENT
MALES
Machine tenders: *
District 1....................
District 2..... ..............
District 3____ ____
District 4-..................
District 5....................
District 6...................
District 7...................
District 8...................

10
13
16
6
13
6
3
8

74
104
94
29
60
26
7
24

$26.31
26.38
24.53
22.60
31.98
30.89
27.73
26.85

Total..... .................

75

418

26.82

1 Includes cutters, choppers, grinders, mixers, curers, and feeders.




1
1

1

1
1
1

2

1
1

1

1

1

2
1
1

2

3

3

3

1

3

34

4

4
29

4

T a ble

D .—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED EARNINGS ACTUALLY MADE IN ONE WEEK BY EMPLOYEES IN 31
TYPICAL OCCUPATIONS, 1925, BY DEPARTMENTS, SEX, AND DISTRICT— Continued

£
Jg

SAUSAGE DEPARTMENT—Continued
ber of Num­
estab­ ber of
em­
lish­
ments ployees

Sex, occupation, and district

m ales

ings ac­
tually
$6
$3
$8
$10 $12
made Un­ and and and and and
in one der tender under under under under
week
$4
$14
$8
$10
$12
$6

$14
$16
and and
under under
$16 $20

$20
and
under
$25

$25
and
under
$30

$35
$30
and and
under under
$35
$40

$45
$40
and and
under under
$45
$50

$50
and
under
$60

$60 $70
and and
under over
$70

—continued

Staffers:
District 1 ....____
District 2
District 3 ___
District 4 _____
District 5 _-____
District 6 . . .
District 7 _.
District 8
Total

10
12
15
a
13
6
4
8

102
97
65
17
49
44
14
18

$27.20
29.28
26 41
31.53
31.56
31.40
27.42
27.04

1
1
1

74

. _

406

28.74

3

1

1

10
13
16
6
13
5
4
9

176
262
218
75
158
63
73
80

18.07
21.11
15.93
17.82
14.93
15.31
14.29
15.88

2
4
2

2
3
2

7

1
2
3
2
4

1

1

17.36

16

13

1

1
1

1

1
1
1

1
1

6
1

4
1

1
2

2
4
"H 1■
1

47
29
22
3
10
3
1
6

12
16
20
5
21
9
8

12
18
13
3
14
8
1
4

8
17
2
4
9
3
1

73

44

22

4

4

1

1

2

2
J
—

16

121

92

FEMALES

Linkers, twisters, tiers, and hangers:
District 1
District 2
District 3
District 4
District 5
District- 6
District 7
District 8

75

Total .

1,105

9
4
10
7
22
1
3
3

15
19
42
20
16
7
9
18

33
29
60
10
43
42
29
10

49
64
44
9
38
5
21
42

30
61
39
13
17
7
1
6

30
47
4
7
4

4

5
3
12
2
7
1
4

11

34

59

146

256

272

174

93

26

5

1
6

18
49

98
166

65
37

9
13

2
1

1

CURED-M EAT D E PA RTM E N T
MALES

Packers:4
District 1
District 2— ..............................................




9
14

193
284

$24.33
21.90

i

1

1

5

2

2

11

2

9

1

2'

1
1

1

6
6

2
2

3

10
34
===== =====

3
1— '

=====

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING INDUSTRY

Number of employees whose actual earnings in one week were—
i> u m ­

District 3................ ........................... .
District 4..................................................
District 5..................................................
District 6. .................................................
District 7-........................................ .......
District 8........ .........................................

16
6
9
7
3
6

277
42
80
63
27
22

22.34
18.72
22.98
22.71
23.60
23.30

2
1
1

Total......................................................

70

988

22.58

5

Picklers: 6
District 1..................................................
District 2..................................................
District 3..................................................
District 4..................................................
District 5.1...............................................
District 6..................................................
District 7..................................................
District 8..................................................

10
14
16
6
12
8
2
9

113
134
162
17
62
47
4
21

25.34
22.50
24.17
19.78
23.97
25.31
34.76
26.48

1
1

77

560

24.11

2

Total...................................................

1
1

2
3

3
1

6

2

3

1

1
1
1

g

7
1

9
5
2

60
14
22
11
4
5

120
17
20
30
10
10

46
2
16
17
7
5

22

3

12
1
4
2

3
1

23

183

471

195

63

10
4
2
11

2

1

1

21

1

8

11

2
3
1

2

3
20
28
3
14
1
3

7

6

9
4
19
1
9
1
2
3

5

8

72

262

126

48

20
44
28
22
9
2
2

17
10
26
3
13
1
7

27
7
14

15
4
4

8

8

1

2

12

38

127

77

61

33

11

1

6

10
3

16
6
2
2
1

26
4

24
9

9
7

7
2

1

1

1
1

1
2

1

14

27

32

36

17

2

1

5

1

1

6

1
4
2
1

47
43
87
16
78
17
11
12 ’ "20*
20
24

2

10

1

2

1

1
2

1

2

2
1

1
3

2

1

CANNING D E PARTM EN T
FEMALES

Packers:«
District 1...................................... ...........
District 2..................................................
District 3—............... ..........................
Districts 4 and 6.... .....................................
District 6____________________________
District 7..................................................
District 8..................................................

4
4
9
5
5
2
2

97
92

$16.84
12.52
8 14.21
8
47
10.62
43
16.41
3
13.21
17
16.04

2
2

3

3
1

3
1

Total.....................................................

31

387

14.35

8

Labelers and wrappers:
District 1..................................................
Districts 2 and 3......................................
District 4..................................................
District 5________________ ______ ____
District 8___________________________

3
4
2
2
2

99
32
3
6
5

16.04
16.99
8.98
14.04
14.11

1

Total___ ____ _____ _______________

13

145

15.96

1

7
1

1
9
1
1

12

1

3
4
1
4

2
9
14
11
1

1
1

1

7

9

* Includes packers of beef, barrel pork, bellies, briskets, pig rinds, and smoked meat; dippers, vat men, sweet-pickle packers, burlap sackers, wrappers, car loaders, and car
stowers.
* Includes pickle men, pickle makers, pumpers, and curers.
6 Includes packers of sliced bacon and chipped dried beef in cans, glass jars, or cartons, by hand.