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U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . B. WILSON, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
ETHELBERT STEWART, Commissioner

BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES! . . . .
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S /
WAGES

AND

HOURS

OF

LABOR

j M ] WO.

07y
|
H 4

SERIES

U N IO N S C A L E O F W A G E S
A N D
H O U R S O F L A B O
M A Y1 5 , 1 9 1 9




f

V

SEPTEMBER, 1920

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
1920




CONTENTS.
Page.

Summary..................................................................................................................... 5-14
Relative rates of wages and hours of labor.............................................................. 14-21
General index.......................... .................................................................................. 21, 22
Union scale of wages and hours of labor in 13 cities.............................................. 23-68
Table A.—Union scale of wages and hours of labor in specified trades, by geo­
graphical divisions and cities, on May 15, 1919, and May 15, 1918................. 69-281
3







BULLETIN OF THE
U .

S .

B U R E A U

no. 274.

O F

L A B O R

W ASHINGTON.

S T A T I S T I C S .

September, 1920.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR,
M AY

15, 1919.

SUMMARY.

This report contains the union scale of wages and hours of labor of
912,900 union members in the leading organized trades and occupa­
tions of 61 of the principal cities of the United States as of May 15,
1919.
In all trades taken collectively the increase in weekly wage rates
on May 15, 1919, over May 15, 1918, was 14 per cent; over 1916,
39 per cent; over 1913, 43 per cent; over 1910, 55 per cent; and
over 1907, 62 per cent.
While wage rates have increased, working time has slightly de­
creased. In 1919, the regular hours of labor had decreased 2 per
cent as compared with 1918; 4 per cent as compared with 1916;
5 per cent as compared with 1913; 6 per cent as compared with 1910;
and 8 per cent as compared with 1907.
Rates of wages per hour advanced slightly more than weekly
wage rates because of the the reduction in hours. Taken collectively,
rates per hour in 1919 were 16 per cent higher than in 1918, 44 per
cent higher than in 1916; 55 per cent higher than in 1913; 64 per
cent higher than in 1910; and 72 per cent higher than in 1907.
All of the trades and occupations herein reported received an
average increase in weekly rates in 1919 as compared with 1918.
The bakery trades received an increase of 25 per cent. All of the
42 building trades listed received an increase ranging from 2 to 21
per cent. Chauffeurs received 18 per cent and teamsters and drivers
23 per cent increase in weekly rates. Freight handlers received an
increase of 8 per cent. Granite cutters had an increase of 18 per
cent and stonecutters 19 per cent. Laundry workers gained 22
per cent. All of the metal trades made gains, ranging from 6 per
cent for blacksmiths to 20 per cent for coppersmiths.
Millwork carpenters had an increase of 16 per cent, glaziers 35
per cent, and millwork painters (hardwood finishers) 21 per cent.
In book and job printing, the increases ranged from 14 per cent for
electrotypers, finishers and molders, and machinist operators to 29
per cent for bindery women and press feeders. In newspaper print-




5

6

BU LLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

ing trades, the increases ranged from 5 per cent for machinist oper­
ators, daywork, to 28 per cent for machine tenders, daywork. In
theatrical employment, carpenters gained 10 per cent, electricians
10 per cent, and motion-picture machine operators 21 per cent.
The hours per week are stated in this report for 95 trades and
occupations, or subdivisions and groups of trades and occupations.
Of this number 34 had a reduction, 3 had an increase, and 58 had
no change in working hours between May 15, 1918, and May 15, 1919.
The foregoing statements, concerning changes in rates and hours,
apply to the average for each trade, or subdivision or group as a '
whole. They must not be understood, however, as applying to each
and every local union in the trade.

There are 5,956 wage quotations tabulated for 1919, of which 173
show no comparable data for 1918, either because there were no
effective scales on May 15, 1918, or because the unions were not
then organized. Of the 5,783 wage quotations for which there are
comparable data for 1918, 1,114 had not changed during the year,
and 4,669 had changed in rates or hours or both of these items.
There are 77 instances of a reduction in weekly rates in 1919 as
compared with 1918, 14 instances of reduction in rates per hour,
and 36 instances of an increase in hours of labor. Of the 36 instances
of increase in hours of labor, 11 occurred in the newspaper printing
trades, 9 in the metal trades, 6 in the chauffeurs, teamsters, and
drivers’ unions, 6 in the theatrical employees’ unions, 2: in the building
trades, 1 in the book and job printing trades, and 1 in the waiters’
unions.
For ready comparison the scales prevailing on May 15, 1918, are
shown in parallel columns.
This is the eighth bulletin published by the Bureau of Labor
Statistics on the subject of union scales of wages and hours of labor.
The scales for 39 cities as prevailing on May 15 of each year from
1907 to 1912 Were published in Bulletin No. 131. In Bulletin No.
143 were published the scales for 40 cities on May 15,1913; in Bulletin
No. 171 were published the scales for 41 cities on May 1, 1914; in
Bulletin No. 194 were published the scales for 47 cities on May 1,
1915; in Bulletin No. 214 were published the scales for 48 cities on
May 15, 1916; in Bulletin No. 245 were published the scales for 56
cities on May 15, 1917; and in Bulletin No. 259 were published the
scales for 58 cities on May 15, 1918. This bulletin includes 61 cities.
The trades and occupations here covered are divided into 12. groups,
as follows:
Building trades*
Chauffeurs, teamsters, and cfeivers.
Freight handlers.
Granite and stone trades.
Laundry workers.




Metal trades.
Millwork.
Printing and publishing: Book and job.
Printing and publishing: Newspaper.
Theatrical employees.
Waiters.

U N IO N

S C A L E

O F

W A G E S

A N D

H O U R S

O F

L A B O R ,

M A Y

15,

1919.

7

The 61 cities included in this report are located in 36 States. The
cities selected are generally the largest in their respective sections
of the country.
The cities included are as follows:
North Atlantic division:
Boston, Mass.
"Bridgeport, Conn.
Buffalo, N. Y.
Fall River, Mass.
Manchester, N. H.
Newark, N. J.
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y.
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, Pa.
"Portland, Me.
Providence, R. I.
"Rochester,^N. Y.
Scranton, Pa.
"Springfield, Mass,
"Worcester, Mass.
South Atlantic division:
Atlanta, Ga.
Baltimore, Md.
Charleston, S. C.
Jacksonville, Fla.
"Norfolk, Ya.
Richmond, Ya.
Washington, D. C.
North Central division:
Chicago, 111.
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cleveland, Ohio.
"Columbus, Ohio.
"Davenport, Iowa.
"Dayton, Ohio.
"Des Moines, Iowa.
Detroit, Mich.

North Central division—Concluded.
"Grand Rapids, Mich.
Indianapolis, Ind.
Kansas City, Mo.
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
"Moline, 111.
Omaha, Nebr.
"Peoria, 111.
"Rock Island, 111.
St. Louis, Mo.
"St. Paul, Minn.
"Toledo, Ohio.
*Wichita, Kans.
"Youngstown, Ohio.
South Central division:
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, Tex.
Houston, Tex.
Little Rock, Ark.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
"Nashville, Tenn.
New Orleans, La.
Western division:
*Butte, Mont.
Denver, Colo.
Los Angeles, Calif.
Portland, Oreg.
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Calif.
Seattle, Wa?h.
"Spokane, Wash.

The asterisks in the preceding list indicate the cities added since the
first report. Under each trade in the general table the cities appear
in the order as listed.
The several trades and occupations for which the union scales are
given in this bulletin are shown in the table next following.
A few trades not appearing in Bulletin No. 131 were added in
Bulletin No. 143. In Bulletin No. 171 the scope of the inquiry was
materially enlarged, four new groups of occupations being included:
Brewery and bottling-house workmen; chauffeurs, teamsters, and
drivers; freight handlers; and soft-drink establishment employees..
A few trades were.added in Bulletin No. 194, a few in Bulletin
No. 214, and in Bulletin No. 245 four trades were included for the




8

B U L L E T IN

O F

T H E

B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S .

first time—mosaic and terrazzo workers, ship carpenters, glaziers, and
photo-engravers. In Bulletin No. 259 the scales for brewery and
bottling-house workmen and for soft-drink establishment employees
were discontinued and the scales for laundry workers, theatrical
employees, and waiters were included for the first time. In this
bulletin no material changes appear in the list of trades reported.
The table that follows shows for each trade, and for each year for
which data are available, the per cent of increase in rates of wages per
week on full time in 1919, as compared with each of the 12 years
preceding, in all cities covered, taken collectively.
T a b le

1.—P E R CENT OF INC R EA SE IN R A T E S OF W AGES P E R W E E K , F U L L TIM E, 1919
COMPARED” W ITH EACH OF TH E 1 2 Y E A R S PR E C E D IN G .
Per cent higher in 1919 than i n Occupation.
1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918
BAKERY TRADES.

Bakers.............................................................

100

94

88

84

79

75

)
31
)
55
56

)
30
)
54
54
C
1)
0 )

C
1)
30
C
1)
53
50
C
1)
C
1)
0 )
37
50
51
i 1)
C
1)
0 )
0 )
0 )
0 )
62
47
C
1)
(x)
28
C
1)
60
C
1)

C
1)
31
C
1)
53
49
(1^
C)
1
0 )
32
41
50
0 )
0 )
0 )
C
1)
0 )
C
1)
61
45
42
C
1)
27
0 )
C
1)
57
0 )

C
1)
29
13
51
46
C
1)
C
1)
(x)
32
41
49
0 )
0 )
C
1)

$1)
C
64
58
0 )
C
1)
30
C
1)
C
1)
71
C
1)
0 )
33
59
44
0 )
62
0 )
C
1)
51
82
41
57
C
1)

0 )
31
C
1)
54
55
0 )
0 )
0 )
42
59
72
C
1)
0 )
C
1)
0 )
n
o>
63
50
C
1)
C
1)
29
0 )
C
1)
65
C
1)
C
1)
35
53
43
0 )
58
(x)
0 )
50
79
39
55
0 )

C
1)

C
1)

C
1)
0 )
C
1)

0
0

70 ’

66

65

61

49

25

C
1)
27
13
45
44
C
1)
42
(x)
30
40
44
C
1)
C
1)
C
1)
(x)
30
0 )
59
41
39
30
19
28
C
1)
49
41
39
28
46
31
0 )
41
0 )
C
1)
32
54
33
41
37

C
1)
24
13
45
41
0 )
34
C
1)
29
39
45
36
30
34
38
28
C
1)
57
38
32
28
18
27
0 )
44
36
39
28
43
30
0 )
36
0 )
38
31
51
30
39
34

43
24
13
45
40
36
32
C
1)
28
39
45
33
30
34
38
28
C
1)
56
36
32
27
17
27
C
1)
44
36
39
28
42
29
0 )
35
0 )
33
28
47
28
39
34

41
23
13
40
36
34
31
C
1)
28
38
40
32

34
19

20
11
2
12

32
32
26

22

21

31
35
28
C
1)
52
34
30
24
17
27
18
33

23
28

22

21

14
7
17
17

36
25
40
28
0 )
33
46
30
26
46
27
37
32

31

20

21

15
14
13

BUILDING TRADES.

Asbestos workers..........................................
Bricklayers....................................................
Bricklayers,sewer,tunnel, and caisson.
Building laborers.........................................
Carpenters......................................................
Carpenters, m illw rights.............................
Carpenters, parquetry-floor layers..........
Carpenters, wharf and bridge...................
Cement workers............................................
Cem. n t workers* helpers............................
Cement workers’laborers..........................
Composition roofers.....................................
Composition roofers’ helpers.....................
Elevator constructors.................................
Elevator constructors 7 helpers..................
Engineers, portable and hoisting............
Glaziers...........................................................
Hod carriers...................................................
Inside w irem en.............................................
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers..............
Lathers...........................................................
Marble-setters................................................
Marble-setters’ helpers................................
Mosaic and terrazzo workers.....................
Painters, building........................................
Painters, fresco..............................................
Painters, sig n ................................................
Plasterers.......................................................
Plasterers’laborers.......................................
Plumbers and gas fitters............................
Plumbers’laborers......................................
Sheet-meta 1workers....................................
Ship carpenters.............................................
Slate and tile roofers...................................
Steam fitters..................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers..................................
Stone m asons................................................
Structural-iron workers.............................
Structural-iron workers, finishers............
Structural-iron workers, finishers’ helpT ilela y ers......................................................
T ilelayers’ helpers......................................

0

0

)
(x)
40
60
69
0

C
1)

0

0

0)

10

30
25
30
21

17

15
21

14
7

38
53
53
C
1)
0 )
C
1)
0 )
C
1)
C
1)
63
49
0 )
(x)
29
C
1)
0 )
64
C
1)
C
1)
34
51
41
0 )
57
C
1)
C
1)
46
78
38
53
0 )

0)

32
50
40
0 )
53
0 )
C
1)
43
67
40
49
0 )

32
50
35
0 )
48
0 )
0 )
38
63
39
46
0 )

32
C
1)
61
44
42
33
27
35
C
1)
56
43
C
1)
29
49
35
0 )
47
C
1)
0 )
37
58
38
45
39

)
)
C
1)

C
1)
0 )
0 )

C
1)
0 )
C
1)

48
24
36

45
19
34

44
18
33

44
18
30

44
17
26

34
24

20

C
1) C
1)
0 )
C
1) 0 ) 0 )
1 N o data.

C
1)
C
1)

C
1)
0 )

46
58

45
55

44
54

41
49

33
40

18
23

C
1)
)
)

0
0

(0

22

11

14
13
11
11

16

22

20
8

)
36
26

7
17
14

21
20

11
11
11

0

16
19
12

28

31
24
0 )
28
35
24
22

20
10

9
13

22

12
20
11

29
26

12

37

12

13
20

9

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS.

Chauffeurs...................................................... C
1)
Teamsters and drivers................................ C
1)




U N IO N

T a b le

S C A L E

O F

W A G E S

A N D

H O U R S

O F

L A B O R ,

M A Y

15,

9

1919.

1 .—PER CENT OF INCREASE IN RATES OF W AGES PER W E E K , FU LL TIM E, 1919,
COMPARED W IT H EACH OF TH E 12 Y E A R S PRECEDING—Concluded.

Per cent higher in 1919 than in—

Occupation.
1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918
FREIGHT HANDLERS.

Freight handlers.

0

)

C
1)

C
1)

C
1)

C
1)

C
1)

49

45

45

28

25

8

GRANITE AND STONE TRADES.

Granite cutters..
Stonecutters.......

66

66

44

44

63
44

62
43

61
42

60
42

53
38

53
33

52
32

46
32

41
26

18
19

C
1)

C
1)

C
1)

C
1)

(l)

C
1)

C
1)

C
1)

C
1)

C)

30

22

79
116
82
91

74
98
80
91
0 )
94
85
C
1)
C
1)
84
94

73
96
79
91
C
1)
96
85
0 )
0 )
84
91

68

69

66

87
71
87
C
1)
87
78
C
1)
C
1)
77

88

63
82
59
67
0 )

88

86

87
61
69
0 )
76
76
C
1)
(l )
73
84

74
59
65
65
78

60
80
59
67
C
1)
64
72
59
65
63
78

59
76
59
67
0 )
63
71
59
64
63
78

55
70
54
59
C
1)
54
55
48
57
54
67

46
54
44
50
45
37
42
36
42
37
50

)
C
1)
C
1)

C
1)
C
1)
0 )

C
1)
0 )
0 )

(l)

39
C
1)
57

0

38
)
56

40
C
1)
50

39
C
1)
45

35
55
29

28
45
28

16
35

)

)
53
41

57
53
41

55
52
38

44
43
35

29
28

38
27
35
39

35
25
35
39

31

16
14

20
21
22
22

LAUNDRY WORKERS.

Laundry workers........................
METAL TRADES.

B lacksm iths.................................
Blacksm iths’ helpers.................
Boilerm akers...............................
Boiler m akers’ helpers...............
Coppersmiths...............................
Coremakers...................................
M achinists.....................................
Machinists’ helpers.....................
Metal polishers and buffers---Molders,iron.................................
Pattern makers, wood...............

(0

94
88

(0

f1)
84
98

62
81
C
1)
78
76
(0
0 )

74

66

6

9
9
12
20
8

9
9
15
10

15

MILL W ORK.

C
1)
0 )
0 )

0

0 )
66

Glaziers.
Painters, hardwood finishers...................

0

0

21

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND
JOB.

Bindery women............................................
Bookbinders..................................................
Compositors...................................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders.................
Finishers and molders.........................
Linotype operators......................................
Machine tenders...........................................
Machinist operators....................................
Photo-engravers............................................
Press feeders..................................................
Pressmen, cylinder......................................
Pressmen, platen.........................................

63
69
45
49
C
1)
C
1)
0 )
84

)
65
63

)
64
62

0

)
63
56

C
1)
60
52

C
1)
59
49

C
1)
55
45

68

52
3<
44
C
1)
C
1)
C
1)
71
46
53

49
35
41
42
C
1)
C
1)
69
43
51

46
33
37
40
23
C
1)
65
42
48

22

22

20

(x)
61
38
45

C
1)
60
38
45

34
58
37
42

26
18
31
35
19
23
50
34
35

37
34
37
36
0 )

31
30
33
32
38
35

30
29
32
31
37
34

29
29
31
30
37
34

29
29
31
30
37
34

25
26
27
26
34
32

C
1)

34
32
36
34
38
36
C
1)

12

12

12

10

8

0 )
C
1)
42
43
32
31

C
1)
C
1)
40
41
30
30

18
C
1)
C
1)
37
38
23

18
G)
C
1)
36
38

18
)
(l )
35
37

18
T9
33
34
36

21
21

20
20

15
23
28
31
34
17
17

)
)
C
1)

0

)

0

0

61

69
45
49
0 )
V)
C
1)
84
60
61

44
48
C
1)
0)
0 )
81
49
58

61
43
45
C
1)
0 )
C
1)
78
48
56

Compositors, dayw ork...............................
46
40
Compositors, night w ork...........................
L inotype operators, daywork................... 45
Linotype operators, night w ork.............. 41
Machine tenders, dayw ork........................ C
1)
Machine tenders, night work.................... C
1)
Machinist operators, dayw ork................. 0 )
Machinist operators, night work.............. (n
Photo-engravers, daywork....................... C
1)
Photo-engravers, night work.................... C
1)
Pressmen, w eb presses, dayw ork............ 54
Pressmen, web presses, night work........ 45
40
Stereotypers, dayw ork..............................
Stereotypers, night work........................... 34

45
40
43
39
C
1)
C
1)
C
1)
0 )
0 )
C
1)
51
45
37
33

44
38
42
39
0 )
C
1)
0 )
0 )
0 )
C
1)
50
45
35
33

40
36
39
37
C
1)
C
1)
0 )
V)
C
1)
C
1)
43
43
33
32

)
C
1)
<l >

C
1)
C
1)

0
0
0

C
1)

0

60

0

22

35
37

22

21

23
14
17
29
21

23

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER.

(0

22

22
21

C
1)
0 )
0 )

0 )
C
1)
C
1)

0

28
27
5
10

16
19
21

25
12

13

THEATRICAL EMPLOYEES.

Carpenters..................................................... • C
1)
Electricians................................................... • 0 )
Motion picture machine operators......... ■ (l )
W aiters.




■

0

)

0

)

1No data.

)
)
)

0
0

C
1)

0

C
1)
)
C)
)

0

)

(')

C
1)
)
)

0
0

)
)
(l )

14
16
36

10
10
21

C
1)

C
1)

34

21

0
0

10

B U L L E T IN

O F

T H E

B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S .

The union scale, as the term is here used, is a statement, either
written or definitely understood, of wages and hours of labor agreed
to or accepted by an organization of union men and an employer or
group of employers, under which agreement, expressed or implied,
union men actually work. The union scale usually fixes the limit
in only one direction. It sets a minimum wage and a maximum of
hours for a regular day’s work. This report shows such minimum
wage and maximum hours as are established by the agreed or accepted
scale. In certain cities and trades, however, some workmen, and in
some few instances all or nearly all workmen, actually are paid more
than the scale, and in 3ome instances employees work less than the
scale hours.
In addition to ordinary increases in wages, a considerable number
of increases were reported in 1918 as war bonuses. Practically all
of these and some other bonuses were in effect in 1919. In such
cases where bonuses were definitely reported in one fixed amount
and were to remain in effect until the end of the war or indefinitely,
such bonuses were combined with the regular rate. If the increases
were various or indefinite, or applied only to some individuals or to
only a part of the union membership, the general rate was entered
in the table as the scale, and the bonuses mentioned in footnotes.
As a general rule the union scale represents the prevailing wage of
a locality for efficient labor.
In cases where the returns showed that a considerable percentage
of the membership received more than the scale, the facts, so far as
ascertainable, are stated in footnotes, which are generally selfexplanatory, such as “ more than half received more than the
the scale; amount not reported,” “ nominal rate, all received more;
average $35,” “ 25 per cent received $4 per week more than the scale,”
etc. No note is made where the number who received the higher
rate embraced less than 25 per cent of the membership of the union.
Agreements occasionally provide that old or infirm men may work for
less than the scale.
The observance of Labor Day as a holiday is so general and the
fact is so widely understood that it was deemed unnecessary to refer
to the many agreements which prohibit the performance of ordinary
work on that day. However, in instances where the prohibition of
work had been extended to other days or parts of days, such as July
4 and Saturday afternoons and also included Labor Day, the con­
ditions have been stated in footnotes.
The rates of wages of railroad-shop occupations included herein
are the rates awarded by the United States Railroad Administration1
and not rates agreed upon by negotiation between employers and
unions in the usual way of arriving at a union scale. The railroad
1

See pp. 131 to 134 of the M onthly Labor R eview for September, 1918.




U N IO N

S € A L E

O F

W A G E S

A N D

H O U R S

O F

L A B O R ,

M A Y

15,

1919.

11

rates are shown, however, for only such cities as have union members
employed in railroad shops.
In the printing trades of compositor and linotype operator con­
tracts are found in certain cities in which there are maximum hours
stated that may not be exceeded except by payment of an overtime
rate, and a minimum of hours for which work must be provided or
payment made when a man undertakes a day’s work. When such
contract exists there may be further a commonly accepted working
time, within the limits provided,, so well established that such time
is in effect the standard working day. In such instances the tabu­
lation shows such actual working hours, and notes state the maxi­
mum and minimum hours.
It was sometimes found that a union had asked for a certain stand­
ard scale but had not actually obtained it or had obtained it for only
a part of its members. No scale is published here unless it was so far
established that at least 50 per cent of the members of the union
were receiving the scale or above it. Information obtained on this
question indicates that an insignificant number of union members
were working for less than the scale, while a considerable number
were receiving more than the scale. Some trades were not organ­
ized in certain cities, and some were organized only in part. When
organized in part, with a scale in force for such men as were organized,
the scale is published.
The union scales presented in this report are almost entirely tinierate scales. Piece-rate scales are published for compositors, linotype
operators, and lathers only. These occupations have simple units of
payment which are commonly understood. Some trades, especially
the metal trades, work to a considerable extent on piece rates. Such
rates are so great in number and the units of payment so variable
that it is not practicable to quote them. The earnings at piece rates
usually exceed the full-time earnings at the time rates of the trade.
For localities where piece rates prevail almost exclusively and the
time rate provided for in the scale is only infrequently paid, such
time rate has not been tabulated.
The terms of time-rate scale as agreed to by employers and tradeunions state, wages for different units of time. Some scales designate
the rates of wages by the hour, others by the day, week,, or month*
To make comparison easy, the varying rates have been reduced to
both an hourly rate and a weekly rate.
The general table shows the rates of wages per hour and the rates
per week on full time, the rates for overtime, Sunday, and holiday
work, the regular hours for a full, day, for Saturday, and for a full
week, and the number of months in the year for which the agreement
provided for a Saturday half holiday. When for a period of more




12

B U L L E T IN

O F

T H E

B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S .

than three months of the year the number of hours differed from those
shown for May, the difference has been noted in the table.
All information here published was obtained by special agents of
this Bureau in personal visits to business agents and secretaries of the
respective unions in the several cities, except in Massachusetts and
Ohio. The labor bureaus of these two States collect union wage scale
figures and publish reports on the subject. To avoid duplication of
field work these State bureaus consented to furnish copies of so much
of their original data as was desired by this office. All of the material
collected by the Ohio bureau was obtained by personal visits of
special agents. The Massachusetts bureau collected its data in part
by correspondence and in part by sending out special agents. In
the work of this Bureau and of the two State bureaus wage scales,
written agreements, and trade-union records were consulted wherever
available. The field work involved an interview with the officials of
about 2,000 local unions. In many instances two or more calls had
to be made before the officials sought could be met.
Scales for apprentices are not shown, but scales for helpers are
given in a number of trades. In some trades the work of helpers is
performed in part by apprentices. Whenever it is found that the
work of helpers is largely done by apprentices, the scales for such
helpers have been omitted.
An inspection of the general table shows a great variation for some
occupations in •trade terms and classifications in different cities.
For example, bakers in some cities are classed as first hands, second
hands, and third hands; in other cities as mixers, benchmen, oven
men, etc. In many cities there are separate unions and scales of
bakers baking different kinds of bread, as ordinary bread (often
known as German bread), Hebrew bread, Italian bread, etc. The
difference in occupation name makes a comparison between cities
difficult.. Inquiry has shown that the terms first hand, second hand,
etc., do not cover identical work in different cities where these terms
are used. Certaixi work may be considered first-hand work in one
city and second-hand work in another city. Of necessity, this Bureau
has followed the terminology of each city.
There are also great variations in classification and in the extent
of subdivision of chauffeurs, teamsters, and drivers, and of book­
binding and presswork occupations, making comparison of city with
city quite difficult; and similar conditions, less in degree, are found
in several other trades.
General Table A, pages 69 to 281, shows 4,669 instances of changes
in scales during the year ending May 15, 1919, either as to wage rates,
or hours, or both. A table is here given summarizing these 4,669
changes, as they affected each of the three phases of the scale, wages
per hour, earnings per week, and hours per week.




U N IO N

S C A L E

O F

W A G E S

A N D

H O U R S

O F

L A B O R ,

M A Y

15,

1919.

13

Table 2.— U M B E R OF IN C R E A SE S A N D D E C R E A SE S IN R A T E S P E R H O U R , E A R N IN G S
N
P E R W E E K , A N D IN H O U R S P E R W E E K , AS IN D IC A T E D IN T H E 4,669 CASES IN W HICH
CHANGES W E R E M ADE IN ONE OR MORE OF T H E SE ITEMS D U R IN G T H E Y E A R E N D ­
ING MAY 15, 1919.

Industry or occupation.

Bakery trades..............................
Building trades...........................
Chauffeurs, teamsters, and
d r iv e r s......................................
Freight handlers.........................
Granite and stone trades..........
Laundry workers.......................
Metal trades..................................
Millwork........................................
P r i n t i n g and publishing:
Book and jo b ...........................
P r i n t i n g and publishing:
Newspaper................................
Theatrical employees....... ........
W aiters..........................................
Total...................................

Wages per hour.
Earnings per week.
Hours per week.
Total
number
of scales
De­
In­
D e­
No
In­
No
In­ De­
changed. crease crease change crease crease change crease crease 1 No
change
296
1 1 ,2 2 0

2

296
1,214

408
46
114
60
531
77

3 408
46
114
59
512
76

855

7 855

709
287

8

i5

1 1

«1
11
1

8

* 395
40
114
57
470
75

1 16

4
i3
13

3

3
i 4,669 1 4,618

i 14

2
14

2
6

107
189
M25 1 1,093
109
34

6

293
12

3
3

4
4

5
37 1 4,547

•i 77

i* 45

9

191
15

113
40
331
62

1

47
2

«3
14

9 709
10 280
59

3
16

i

6

7 855

706
268
64

66

292
2 1 ,2 0 1

12

842

1
20

11
H6

1

4
18
23

12

694
263
42

16 36 1659 1 3,974
7

1 Not including 2 instances of change from piece to tim e rate basis.
2 Not including 2 instances of change from piece to tim e rate basis, and including 31 instances of piece
rates.
8 Including 1 instance of piece rates.
< Including 1 instance of piece rates and 2 instances where hours were variable but not reported.
6 Including 2 instances where hours were variable but not reported.
« Including 1 instance where wages for 1918 were not reported.
7 Including 4 instances of piece rates.
« Including 14 instances o f piece rates.
9 Including 16 instances of piece rates.
10 Including 15 instances where hours were variable, 14 of which were not reported.
u Including 1 instance where hours were variable.
12 Ineluding 14 instances where hours were variable but not reported.
13 Not including 2 instances of change from piece to tim e rate basis and including 50 instances of piece
rates.
14 Not including 2 instances of change from piece to time rate basis and including 1 instance where wages
for 1918 were not reported.
15 Not including 2 instances of change from piece to tim e rate basis and including 52 instances of piece
rates and 17 instances where hours were variable, 16 of which were not reported.
16 N ot including 2 instances of change from piece to tim e rate basis and including 1 instance where hours
were variable.
17 N ot including 2 instances of change from piece to tim e rate basis and including 16 instances where
hours were variable but not reported.

From the foregoing table it is seen that of the 296 changes reported
in the bakery trade scales, all effected an increase in wages per hour;
292 resulted in an increase in the earnings per week, and 4 made no
change in earnings, the increase in the hourly rate being offset by a
reduction in the number of hours worked; and 107 produced a de­
crease and 189 no change m the number of hours per week. The
other items of the table are read in like manner.
It is further seen that for eight trade groups all the changes in the
wages per hour were increases, and that for the four other trade
groups there were only 14 instances of decreases in wages per hour.
For six trade groups all the changes in the earnings per week were
increases, and for six trade groups there were collectively but 77
instances of decreases in earnings. For five trade groups all the
changes in the hours per week were decreases, and for seven trade
groups there were collectively only 36 instances of increases in hours.




14

B U L L E T IN

O F

T H E

B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S .

Expressed in percentages, of the total of 4,660 changes, 08.9 per
cent resulted in increases, and 0.3 per cent in decreases in the wages
per hour; 97.4 per cent made increases and 1.6 per cent decreases
in the earnings per week; and 0.8 per cent made increases and 14.1
per cent decreases in the hours per week.
It will be observed that comparatively few of the changes made in
the scales affected hours per week, and that with only 36 exceptions
the changes made were reductions.
Each agent in his visit to a city made note of all changes in scales
which had taken place after May 15 up to the time of his visit, and
each union official visited was asked to report by letter any changes
occurring later in the year.
Many agreements contain provisions for changes to take place on
dates subsequent to those on which the agreements were made, and
some provide for successive changes to become effective at specified
intervals until a stated limit is reached.
All changes after May 15 in the year 1919 coming to the knowledge
of the Bureau are indicated by footnotes in General Table A.
RELATIVE RATES OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR.

A table of relative numbers (percentages) has been computed to
show for all cities taken collectively the extent of the changes that
have occurred from year to year in the occupations included in the
report. To make it convenient to compare war conditions with
normal conditions closely preceding the war it was deemed desirable
to use as the base, or 100, the figures for 1913. Occupations for
which the Bureau has no figures as far back as 1913 are omitted
from the table, since the figures for 1913 are used as a base.
Referring to Table 3, which follows, it is seen that the average rate
of wages per week on full time for all bakers on May 15, 1919, was
170 per cent of the average rate in 1913, or 70 per cent higher. The
rate in 1907 was 85 per cent of the rate in 1913; thus from 1907 to
1919 the relative number changed from 85 to 170. This explanation
will apply to all the years and all the relative numbers in the table.
These relative numbers were derived from the actual wages and
hours in all the localities reported. All figures used are from local
unions which supplied comparable data. In -making the computa­
tions the actual wages and hours of each trade in each city for 1918
and 1919, respectively, were weighted (multiplied) by the number of
union members employed in the trade in the city in 1919. The
products for the several cities were added together for each year,
producing aggregate wages and hours for the trade in each of the
years. The per cent of change in these aggregates indicates the
change for the trade as a whole in the year. This percentage was




U N IO N

S C A L E

O F

W A G E S

A N D

H O U R S

O F

L A B O R ,

M A Y

15,

1919.

1 5

then applied to the relative number for 1918, which brings down to
1919 the relative number for each trade or occupation so computed.
It should be borne in mind that the relative numbers in Table 3
are percentages, not actual hours or amounts of money. In study­
ing this table its three parts should be observed. Thus, referring
again to bakers for illustration, it is seen that the relative hours per
week decreased from 111 in 1907 to 93 in 1919, and that the relative
rate of wages per hour increased from 76 in 1907 to 186 in 1919.
The reduction in hours partly offsets the increase of wages per hour;
thus the relative rates of wages per week increased from 85 in 1907
to 170 in 1919 as compared with 76 to 186, the increase in the relative
rates of wages per hour.
Caution should be used in considering these relative numbers. A
subtraction of relative numbers does not represent the per cent of
increase or decrease between the different years. For example,
the relative rate of wages per week of bakers in 1907 w'as 85, as com­
pared with 170 in 1919, making an increase of 85 points in the rela­
tive number. Eighty-five is 100 per cent of 85, thus making the
increase in 1919 over 1907*100 per cent, as shown in Table 1, page 9.
T a b le

3 .—R E LA T IV E H O U R S OF L A BO R P E R W E E K A N D R E LA T IV E R A T E S OF W AGES
P E R H O U R A ND P E R W E E K ON FU L L TIM E, 1907 TO 1919.
[1913=100.]
Buildings trades.
Bakers.
Bricklayers, sewer,
tunnel, and caisson.

Bricklayers.
Year.

1907.....................
1908.....................
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.....................
1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916...*..............
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
full­
time rate of
hours wages
per
per
week. hour.
I ll
110
110

109
106
101
100

99
99
98
98
96
93




76
7&
82

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
week,
full
tim e.
85
87
90
92
95
97

Rela­ Rela­
tiv e
tiv e
full­
tim e rat© of
hours wages
per
per
week. hour.

Relai tive
rate of
wages
per
week,
full
tim e.

100
102

100
102

102
102
102
101
100
100
1-00
100

103
107
117
142
186

103
105
114
136
170

99
99
99
99
99

86

89
96

94
95
95
97
97
98

97
97
97
97
97
98

100
102

103
104
107
115
128

100
102
102

103
106
114
127

Rela­ Rela­
tiv e
tive
, full­ rate of
tim e wages
hours per
per
week. hour.

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
week,
full
tim e.

Building laborers.

R ela­ Rela­
tiv e
tiv e
full­
tim e rate of
hours wages
per
per
week. hour.

R ela­
tiv e
rate of
wages
per
week,
full
tim e.

90
91
91
95
95
96

93
94
94
95
95
96
toe

103
103
103
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

103

103

111

111

113

113

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
101
101

99
98
98
96

106
117
137
156

101
100

104
112

130
145

16

B U L L E T IN

O F

T H E

B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S .

T a b le 3 .—R E L A T IV E H O U R S OF LA BO R P E R W E E K A N D R E L A T IV E R A T E S OF W AGES
P E R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K ON F U L L TIM E, 1907 TO 1919—Continued.
Building trades—Continued.
Carpenters, parquetry-floor layers.

Carpenters.
Year.

1907.....................
1908.....................
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.....................
1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

Rela­ Rela­
tiv e
tiv
full­ rate e
of
tim e wages
hours per
per
week. hour.

Rela­
tiv e
rate of
wages
per
week,
fu ll
tim e.

91
91
92
95
97
99

92
92
93
95
96
99

102
101
101
101
100
100
100
100
100

99
99
98
98

100
102

100
102

103
106
115
126
146

103
106
115
125
144

R ela­
tiv e
fu ll­
tim e
hours
per
week.

Rela­
Rela­ tiv e
tiv e rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. fu ll
tim e.

Cement finishers.

Rela­ Rela­
tiv e
full­ tiv e
tim e rate of
hours wages
per
per
week. hour.

Rela­
tiv e
rate of
wages
per
week,
fu ll
tim e.

91
91
93
94
98
98

93
91
94
95
98
98

100
101
102

100
100
101
101

100

100

102
102
102
102
101
101
100

106
107
108

106
107
108
116
124
142

99
99
98
97
96
95

100
100
100
100
100

120

95
95

134
154

103
109
120

135

106
117
130

Cement finishers’
helpers.
Rela­ Rela­
tiv e
full­ tiv e
tim e rate of
hours wages
per
per
week. hour.

101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

99
99

Rela­
tiv e
rate of
wages
per
week,
full
tim e.

86
88

87

91
93
99
99

92
93
99
99

100
101
101
102

100
100
101
101

106
124
141

106
123
140

88

Building trades—Continued.
Cement finishers’
laborers.
1 9 0 7 ....... ..
1908..........
1909..............
1910............
1911. 4.
1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

102
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

99

84
83
94
96
96
96

85
84
94
96
96
96

100
100
100

100
100
100

103

103
109
128
144

110

128
145

Engineers, portable
and hoisting.

101
100
100

99
99
98
97
96

97

98

100
101
102

100
101
101
101

103
108
124
136

106
120

130

Hod carriers.

102
102
102
101
101
100
100

99
99
99
99
99
98

Inside wiremen.

95
95
96
97
98
99

97
97
97
98
99
99

100
101
102

100
101
102

105
117.
137
160

105
117
136
159

101
101
101
101
101
100
100
100

99
98
98
97
97

89
94
94
96
97
98

90
95
95
96
97
98

100

100

103
105
107
114
' 127
146

103
104
106
112

124
141

Building trades—Continued.
Inside wiremen, fix­
ture hangers.
1907.....................
1908...............
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.....................
1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

102
102
100

99
98
96
96
96
95




95
96

98
98

100

100

106
106

105
105
107
114
125
139

110

118
129
144

Lathers.

100
100
100

100
100
102

99
99
99
99
99

110

103
106
119
132

Marble setters’
helpers.

Marble setters.

98
100
102

103
105
109
117
130

102
102
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

99

90
91
91
93
93
94
100
101
102
102

103
108
120

91
92
92
93
94
94
100
101
102
102
102

107
119

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

95

95

100
101
101
101

100
100
100
100

107

107

112

112

128

128

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15f 19*19.
T a b le

3

17

.—R E L A T IV E H O U R S OF LA BO R P E R W E E K A N D R E LA T IV E R A TE S OF W AGES
P E R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K ON F U L L TIM E, 1907 TO 1919—Continued.
Building trades—Continued.
Painters, fresco.

Painters.
Year.

1907
1908
1909.....................
1910
1911...................
1912 . .
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

Rela­ Rela­
tiv e
full­ tiv e
tim e rate of
hours wages
per
per
week. hour.

Rela­
tiv e
rate of
wages
per
week,
fu ll
tim e.

85
89
93
94
95

87
90
91
93
95
96

100

100

103
104
113
117
129
151

103
104

102
102
102
101
101
101
100
100
100

99
98
98
97

88

112

116
127
149

Rela­ Rela­
tiv e
fu ll­ tiv e
tim e rate of
hours wages
per
per
week. hour.

100
100

99
99
98
98
98
98

Painters, sign.

Rela­
tiv e
rate of
wages
per
week,
fu ll
tim e.

98

100

104
104
117
118

104
104
115
116

122

120

143

141

Rela­
tiv e
rate of
wages
per
week,
fu ll
tim e.

Rela­
tiv e
fu ll­
tim e
hours
per
week.

.99

100

Rela­ Rela­
tiv e
fu ll­ tiv e
tim e rate of
hours wages
per
per
week. hour.

Plasterers.

100
100

99
99
99
99
99

100
100
100

103
107
117
141

100
100
100
102

106
116
139

101
101
101
101
100
100
100
100

99
98
98
98
98

Rela­
Rela­ tiv e
tiv e rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
tim e.
95
95
95
97
97
99
100
101
101

105
108
113
131

96
95
96
97
97
96
loo
100
100

103
106
111

128

Building trades—Continued.
Plasterers’ laborers.

1907.....................
1908....'..............
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.....................
1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918........... .........
1919.....................

101
101
101
101
100
100
100
100
100

99
99
99
99

87
91
91
92
92
93

92
95
- 96
97
97
97

100

100
102
102

97
97
99
106
122

139

104
111

128
146

Plumbers and gas
fitters.
101
101
101
001
101
100
100
100
100

100
101
102

99
99
98
98

103
107
117
133

Sheet-metal workers.

91
91
93
94
97
97

88

89
90
91
96
97

100
101
102
102

105
116
131

102
102
102
102
102
100
100
100
100

99
99
98
98

87
89
90
93
95
96

86
88

89
91
94
96
100

100

104
105
107

104
105
106

112

111

131
144

129
141

Steam fitters.

102
102
102
101
101
100
100

99
99
99
98
97
97

86

87

87
99
92
95
96

90
93
96
97

100
102

100
101

104
106
110
121

135

88

103
105
109
118
132

Building trades—Continued.
Steam fitters’
helpers.
1907.....................
1908.....................
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.....................
1912.....................
1 9 1 3 ....,............
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

102
102
101
101
100
100
100
101
101
100
100

99
99

85

85

86

86
86

87
94
94
97

92
95
98

100
102

100
102

105
106
113
131
157

104
106
112

128
154

92
94
94
95
96
97

102
102
102
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

110
120

99

135

172259°—20—Bull. 274------ 2




Structural-iron
workers.

Stone masons.
95
96
96
95
96
97

100

100

103
104
106

103
104 •
105
109
120

133

104
103
103
102
102
100
100
100
100
100

99
99
99

87
89
90
93
95
97

Structural-iron
workers, finishers.
90
91
92
94
96
97.

100
102
102

100
102
102

104

103 •
109
125
141

110

126
143

100
100
100
100
100

99
99
99

98

98

100
102
102

100
102
102

104
109
123
137

104
108
122

137

18

,

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able 3 .—R EL ATIV E HOURS OF LABO R PE R W E E K AN D R E L A T IV E R AT E S OF W AG ES
PER H O U R AND P E R W E E K ON F U L L TIM E, 1907 TO 191&-Caatiimed.

Chauffeurs, teamsters,
and drivers.

Building trades—Concluded.

Structural-iron work­
ers, finishers’ helpers.
Year.
R ela­
tiv e
fu ll­
tim e
hours
per
week.

1912
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
Ii916.....................
1917................
1918.....................
1919.....................

Rela­
Rela­ tiv e
tiv e rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. fu ll
tim e.
98

98
98
98

99

100
101
101
101
110

100
100
100
100
100

100
101

101
101

108

123
148

121

146

Tile layers.

R e la -: Rela­
tiv e
tiv e
fu ll­
tim e rate of
wages
hours per
per
week. hour.

100
100
100
100

99
99
99
98

Tile layers’ helpers.

Rela­
tiv e
rate of
wages
per
week,
fu ll
tim e.

95

96

100
101
101

Rela­ Rela­ Rela­
tiv e
tiv e
tiv e ! rate of
fu ll­
tim e rate of wages
per
hours wages week,
per
per
hour. fu ll
week.
tim e.

100
101
101
102

103
108
111
121

100
100
100

98
98
97
97
97

106
109
119

Chauffeurs, team ­
sters, and driv­
ers—Concluded.

Chauffeurs.

R ela­ Rela­
tiv e
tiv e
fu ll­
tim e rate of
wages
hours per
per
week. hour.

98

98

100
101

100
101

100
100

104
108

103
106
108

99
97
96
94
90

R ela­
tiv e
rate of
wages
per
week,
full
tim e.

111

114
139

112

134

100
101
102

100
101
101

106
113
131
163

1-04
109
123
146

Granite and stone trades.
Freight handlers.

Teamsters and
drivers.
1,907
..............
.............
1908
1 9 0 9...................
1=910
.. .
.............
1-911
19 1 2 ...................
1913 ...................
1914.....................
1*935.....................
191-6.....................
1S17.....................
m s .....................
1919.....................

t
i

100
100

100
102
102
112

103
107
114
133
170

100
100
100
100
100

128
158

100
102

99
99
98
97
93

Stone cutters.

Granite cutters.

93
77

106

100

100

103
103
116
119
149
193

102
102
102
102
102
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

103
103
117
119
139
149

91
92
93
94
94
95

92
93
94
95
95
96

100
101
101

100
100
101

105
109
130
154

105
109
130
153

9G
96
.96
97
37
%7

96
95
96
97
97
98

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100

100

104
105
106

104
105
105

111

110

118
140

117
138

Metal trades.
Blacksm iths.

1907.....................
1908.....................
1*909.....................
m o .....................
m i .....................
1-912.....................
m 3 .....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
191f>.....................
1-917.....................
1-938.....................
1919.....................

103
103
102
102
101
101
100
100
100

99
99
94
92




90
92
95
95
97

91
93
94
97
96
98

100
102
102

100
102
102

106
114
163
178

153
163

88

'-

<

105
112

103
103
102
102
101
101
100
100
100

99
98
94
92

82
89
91
95
96
97

84
92
93
97
97
98

100
101

100
101

104
109

104
107
119
168
182

122

178
199

B-ailer makers’
helpers.

Boiler makers.

Blacksm iths’ helpers.

87

102
101
101
101
100
100
100
100
100

.

93
98
99

89
93
98
99

100
100
101

100
100
100

97
97
95
93

106
114
154
172

86

87
88

88

103
111

146
159

102
102
101
100
100
100
100
100
100

98
97
96
94

87
87
88

■

1

88
88
88

90
93
99

90
93
99

100
101
101

100
,1 0 0
1-01

108
114
157 '
179

105
111

150
167

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

19

T able 3 -—R E L A T IV E HOURS QF L A B O R P E R W E E K A N D R E L A T IV E R ATES OF W A G E S
PER H OU R AN D PER W E E K ON F U L L T IM E , 1907 TO 1919—Continued.

Metal trades—Continued.
Machinists.

Coro makers.
Year.

1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915................... 1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

R ela­
R ela­ Rela­ tiv e
tiv e
tiv e rate of
funtim e rate of wages
per
hours wages week,
per
per .hour. fu ll
week.
tim e.
103
103
102
101
101
101
100
100
100

99
99
98
94

83
83
84

Rela­
tiv e
full­
tim e
hours
per
week.

86
86

103
103

93
94

85
89
94
94

100
101
102

100
101
102

102
102
101
100
100

109
123
157
177

108

88

121

154
166

99
99
97
96
94
93

M achinists’ helpers.

Rela­
R ela­ tiv e
tiv e rate of
rate of "wages
wages per
per week,
hour. fu ll
tim e.
90
91
92
96
97
98

100
101
102
112

Rela­
R ela­ tive
tiv e rate of
rate-of wages
wages per
per week,
inrar. fu ll
tim e.

116
127
167
185

123
159
174

100
100
100
100
100

1907 .................
1908.....................
1-909.....................
m o ...................
uni.....................
1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

102
102
101
101
101
101
100
100
100

98
97
97
93

88
88
88

97
94

100
100
100

100
100
100

100
100
101

100
100
101

107
118
150
168

107
117
146
159

97
96
95
92

108
149
178

105
116
143
165

92
94
95
100
101
101
110

100
101
101

124
157
180

120

107
150
165

104
103
103
101
101
101
100

99
99
99
97
96
93

120

Millwork.

Pattern makers,
wood.
90
89
89
93
95
95

R ela­
R ela­ tive
tiv e rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour.
full
tim e.

100
100
100

Metal t-rades—
■Concluded.
Holders, iron.

t

R ela­
tiv e
full­
tim e
hours
per
week.

92
94
94
98
99
99

100
102
102

Rela­
tiv e
full­
tim e
hours
per
week.

Metal polishers and
buffers.

87
89
91
93
95
96

90
92
93
95
96
97

100
101
101

100
100
100

108
124
163
192

107
119
156
178

Painters, hardwood
finishers.

Carpenters.

100
100

97
97
95
94
92
90

99

99

100
102

100

103
107
115
128
152

98
99
102

107
118
138

100
100

99
99
99
99
99
98

99

99
100

105
108
122

124
131
160

„

100

-1 4
0
108

121
122

129
156

Printing and publishing: Book and job.

1907.....................
1908.....................
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.....................
1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
3915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

I ll
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100




Electrotypers: B at­
te r y m>en
builders.

Compositors.

Bookbinders.

84
93
94
95
97
98

93
94
95
95
97
98

100
102
102
102

100
102
102
102

108

108

122

121

155

155

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

90
90
90
94
97
99

89
89
89
93
95
98

100

100

103
•103
105
107
119
145

103
103
105
107
119
145

103
103
102
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

84
84
85
90
96
97

86
86

87
90
96
97

100

100

105
108

105
108

111

111

116
126
146

115
125
146

Electrotypers: F in­
ishers and m olders.
105
104
104
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

88

89
89
92
97
98

92
92
92
93
97
98

100

100

104
106
109

104
106
109

112

112

117
133

117
133

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

20
T a b le

3 — R E L A TIV E HOURS OF L ABO R PER W E E K AN D R E L A T IV E RATES OF WAGES
PER H O U R AN D PE R W E E K ON F U LL TIME, 1907 TO 1919—Continued.

Printing and publishing: Book and job—Continued.
Linotype operators.
Year.

1907.....................
1908.....................
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.................
1912
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

Rela­
tive
full­
tim e
hours
per
week.

Rela­
Rela­ tiv e
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour.
full
tim e.
92
92
92
94
95
9V

100

106
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

•

92
92
92
94
95
97

100
101
101
102

100
101
101
102

104
113
137

104
113
137

Machine tenders.

Rela­
tive
full­
tim e
hours
per
week.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Rela­
Rela­ tiv e
tiv e rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
tim e.

98

100
100
101
102

103
113
139

104
114
140

Printing and publishing: Book and job—
Concluded.
Pressmen, cylinder.
1907.....................
1908.....................
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.....................
1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

107
102
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Pressmen, platen.

83
87
95
95
97
99

88

106

89
95
95
97
99

100
102
102

100
102
102

104
106
117
147

104
106
117
142

102
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

10Q
100
100

Rela­
tive
full­
tim e
hours
per
week.

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tiv e rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour.
full
tim e.

Press feeders.

Rela­
tiv e
full­
tim e
hours
per
week.

87
90.
93
95
97
98

92
92
94
95
97
98

100
102
102

100
102
102

104
109

104
109

120

120

148

148

100
100
100
101
101
101
101

100
101
101
101

100
101
101
102

103
107

104
108
123

122

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tiv e rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour.
full
tim e.
81
89
91
92
96
98

90
90
91
93
96
98

100

100

103
103
104
135
158
204

112
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

98

100
100
101
101

Machinist operators.

103.
103
104
110

128
165

Printing and publishing: Newspaper.

Compositors, d ay­
work.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

89
90
91
93
95
98

90
90
91
93
96
98

100
101
102
102

Compositors, night
work.

100
101
101
102

105

105

110

110

132

93
93
94
95
97
98

131

93
93
94
96
97
98

100
101
101
102

100
101
101
101

104
108
131

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

104
108
130

Printing and publishing: Newspaper—Continued.

Linotype operators,
daywork.
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919

101
101
101
101
101
100
100
100

99
99
99
99
99




91
93
93
95
96
98

91
93
93
95
97
98

100
101
102

100
101
102
102

103
106

105
109
133

110

134
1

L inotype operators,
daywork (piece­
work).

100
100
100
100
100
102
102
103

1101
i 100
i 100
i 100
i 100
1101
1 104
i 117

Linotype operators,
night work.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99

100
]00

93
94
95
96
97
98

100
101
102
102
105
108
132

Based on price per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

94
95
95
97
97
99

100
101
101
101
104
108
132

Linotype operators,
night work (piece­
work).

100
100
100
100
99

101
101
102

1
1

101
100

i 100
i 100
i 100
i 100
i 102
1 114

U N IO N

T a b le

S C A L E

O F

W A G E S

A N D

H O U R S

O F

L A B O R ,

M A Y

15,

1919.

21

3 __ R E L A TIV E HOURS OF L AB O R PER W E E K AN D R E L A T IV E RATES OF W AG ES
PE R H O U R AN D P E R W E E K ON F U LL TIM E, 1907 TO 1919—Concluded.

Printing and publishing: Newspaper—Continued.
Machine tenders,
daywork. ^
Year.

Rela­
tiv e
full­
time
hours
per
week.

1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tiv e rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour.
full
tim e.
99
100
101
101
101

103
108
138

100
100
100
101
101
102

108
138

Machine tenders,
night work.

Rela­
tiv e
full­
tim e
hours
per
week.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Rela­
Rela­ tiv e
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour.
full
tim e.
100
100
100
101
101
102

100
100
100
101
101
102

107
135

107
135

Machinist operators,
daywork.

Rela­
tive
full­
tim e
hours
per
week.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tiv e rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour.
full ‘
tim e.

100
100
100
102

104
106

112

Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
full­
tim e rate of
hours wages
per
per
week. hour.

100
100
100
102

104
106

Machinist operators,
night work.

112

Rela­
tiv e
rate of
wages
per
week,
full
tim e.

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

99

104
105
116

103
107
118

102
102

Printing and publishing: Newspaper—Concluded.
Pressmen, web
presses, daywork.
1907.....................
1908.....................
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.....................
1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

102
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
101

90
92
95
96
98

89
91
91
96
96
98

100
101
101
102

100
101
101
102

104
113
116

104
113
137

88

Pressmen, web
presses, night work.
101
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

95
95
95
96
97
98

95
95
96
97
97
98

100
101
101
102

100
101
101
102

103

103

111

111

139

138

Stereotypers, day­
work.
102
102
102
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

87
89
90
92
93
95
100
101
101
102

105
109
123

88

90
91
93
93
94
.

100
101
101
102

105
109
123

Stereotypers, night
work.
101
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

99
99

91
92
92
93
93
94

91
92
92
93
93
94

100
101
101
102

100
101
101
102

105
109
123

104
109
122

GENERAL INDEX.

A table of index numbers is now presented. In these index
numbers are combined the data for all localities and for all occupa­
tions except theatrical employees and waiters, which are omitted
because of incomplete data, especially as to hours.
The data of preceding reports have been used so as to produce a
series of general index numbers from 1907 to 1919. The method of
computation is the same as used in computing the relative numbers
of the several occupations as explained on page 14.




22
Table

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
4 .— I N D E X N U M B E R S O F U N IO N W A G E R A T E S A N D H O U R S O F L A B O R , 1907
1919.

TO

[1913=100.]

Rates of
wages per
hour.

Year.

1907......................................
1908......................................
1909......................................
191G......................................
1911.....................................
1912......................................
1913......................................
1914......................................
1915......................................
1916......................................
1917......................................
1918......................................
1919......................................

90
91
92
94
90
98
100
102
103
107
114
133
155

Full-time
hours per
week.

103
102
102
101
101
100
100
100
99
99
98
97
95

Rates of
wages per
week, full
tim e.
92
93
93
95
90
98
100
102
102
106
112
130
148

In the preparation of the above indexes of rates of wages and of
hours of labor, the numbers were extended to two decimal places for
closer accuracy in computation, but in the tables published the
decimals of the indexes have been dropped* so that the indexes
appear as whole numbers.
An index number is, as before stated, a percentage computed
from the actual figures for each year compared with a base year.
In table 4 the figures for 1913 are made the base, as was done in
Table 3, pages 15 to 21, in order that later conditions may be com­
pared readily with normal conditions closely preceding the war.
As some readers may desire to start comparisons with the initial
year, a table of index numbers computed from the same basic figures
are given with 1907 taken as the base,, or 100.
T able 5 .— I N D E X N U M B E R S O F U N IO N W A G E R A T E S A N D H O U R S O F L A B O R , 1907 T O
1919.
[1907=100.]

Year.

1907......................................
1908......................................
1909......................................
1 9 1 0 .................................
1911......................................
1912......................................
1913..................... ...............
1914......................................
1915......................................
1916......................................
1917......................................
1918....................................
1919......................................




Rates of
wages per
hour.

Full-time
hours per
week.

100
101
102
105
107
109
111
114
115
119
127
148
172

100
100
99
99
98
98
97
97
97
96
96
95
92

Rates of
wages per
week, full
tim e.
100
101
102
104
105
107
109
111
112
116
123
142
162

U N IO N

S C A L E

O F

W A G E S

A N D

H O U R S

O F

L A B O R ,

M A Y

15,

1919.

23

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN 13 CITIES.

Index numbers have also been prepared for each of 13 important
cities. In Table 6 the data for important selected trades of the city
have been consolidated in general index numbers from 1907 to 1919.
In Table 7 a.ctual rates and hours and relative rates and hours are
given through the same period of time for each of the several trades
consolidated in Table 6. The trades included in this table number
from 14 to 22 in the different cities. The figures for preceding years
are drawn from earlier bulletins. In these two tables 1907 is taken
as the basis of comparison or 100.
.—IN D E X N U M B E R S OF U N IO N SCALES OF W AGES P E R H O U R A N D P E R
W E E K A N D H O U R S OF L A B O R P E R W E E K PR E V A IL IN G IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R ,
1907 TO 1919, FO R A L L T R A D E S L ISTED IN T A B L E 7, T A K E N C O LLECTIVELY.

T a b le 6

Atlanta.

Year.

1907.....................
1908.....................
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.....................
1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916......................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

Rates of
Rates of
Hours
Hours
wages—
wages—
of
of
labor
labor
per
per
Per
Per
Per
Per week, week, Per week, week, Pei* week,
full hour. full
full hour. full
hour. full
tim e. tim e.
tim e. tim e.
tim e.
Rates of
wages—

100

100

103
107
108

104
108
109

111
112

112

115
116
116
120

129
155
188

113
114
113
113
116
123
U3
160

100
100
100
100
100
100

99
98
98
98
95
92
86

100

100

99

99
99
99

100
100

104
104
104
107
110
110

102
102
102
100
102
102

127
153
192

117
141
376

Cincinnati.
1907..................... J
1908.....................
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.....................
1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916......................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

Boston.

Baltimore.

100
100
101

100
100
100

106
107
108

104
105
106
109

98
98
98
98
98
98
96
96
96
96

114
118
126
132
142
155




111

115
122

128
137
150

100
101

105

100

100

104
108
108

104
107
107
109

110
110
111
111
111

114
127
141
161

110
110
110
110

114
125
138
157

Rates of
Hours
Hours
wages—
of
of
labor
labor
per
per
Per week,
week, Per week,
full
full
full
tim e. hour. time- tim e.

100
100

99
99
99
99
99
93
93
93
92
91
91

104
107
107
109

Denver.

100
100
101

112

100
100

Chicago.

111
112

114
116
121
121

126
133
148
163

111

116
116
118
125
134
148

100

99
99
96
96
96
96
96
96
94
94
91
91

New Orleans.
100
100
100
100

99
99
99
99
99
99
99
98
98

100
100

100
100

104
109

104
108
109
113
118

110

115
119
121
121

120
120

125
128
141
166

124
127
135
156

100
100
100

99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
97

New York.

100
101

100
101

100
100

106
104
104
107
107
108
106
108
114
141
168

104
103
103
105
105
105
103
104
108
133
159

99
99
99
99
98
98
98
96
94
94
93

100
100
100
101
102
102

100
100
100
101
102
102

103
104
104

103
104
104

111

111

117
127
143

117
127
142

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

99

24

B U L L E T IN

O F

T H E

B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S .

.—IN D E X N U M B E R S OF U N IO N SCALES OF W A G ES P E R H O U R A N D P E R
W E E K A N D H O U R S OF L A B O R P E R W E E K P R E V A IL IN G IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R ,
1907 TO 1919, F O R A L L T R A D E S L IS T E D IN T A B L E 7, T A K E N C O LLECTIVELY—Con.

T a b le 6

Pittsburgh.

Philadelphia.

Year.

Rates of
Rates of
. Rates of
Hours
Hours
Hours
Hours
wages—
wages—
wages—
of
of
of
of
labor
labor
labor
labor
per
per
per
per
Per week,
Per week,
Per week,
Per week,
Per wefek,
week, full
Per week,
Per week, full
fu
full
full
hour. full timll hour. fu ll tim e. hour. full
e.
tim e.
tim e. tim e.
tim e.
tim e. tim e.

100
100
100

100
100
100

106
107
107
107
113
114
116
127
153
174

105
107
107
107
113
113
115
126
151
172

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

99
99
99
98
98

Seattle.
1907.....................
1908.....................
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.....................
1912.....................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

San Francisco.

Rates of
wages—

Per
hour.

1907.....................
1908.....................
1909.....................
1910.....................
1911.....................
1 9 1 2 ...................
1913.....................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918.....................
1919.....................

St. Louis.

100

100

92
93
97

93
93
97
98
98
98
97
97
97
109
139
144

100
100
100

99
99
99
113
143
162




100
100
100
100

97
97
97
97
97
97
96
96
88

100

100

107
108

107
108

110
112

110

115

110

122

124
131
132
146
152
178

108
115
118
124
125
138
144
168

100
100
100
100

100
101

100
101

104
106

104
106

96
96
95
95
95
95
94
94
94

110
111
112

110
111
112

116
117
118

116
117
118
123
140
159

122

141
161

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

98
97

100
101
101

104
104
105
105
106
106
109
114
139
157

100
100
100
101
101
101
101
102
102

104
109
134
147

100
100

99
96
95
95
95
95
95
95
95
95
92

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

25

7 .—U N IO N SCALES OF W A G ES P E R H OUR A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF HOURS OP
L A BO R P E R W E E K IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PRIN C IPA L T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PORTANT IN D U S T R IA L CITIES.

T a b le

A T LA N T A , GA.
[The figures for compositors and linotj^pe operators apply only to those working on English text.]
Blacksm iths, manufacturing and jobbing
shops.
Rates of
wages—
Year.

Per
hour.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Per
week,
full
time.

Cents.
30.0 $16.20
30.0
16.20
31.5
17.01
33.5
18.09
35.0
18.90
35.0
18. 90
37.5
20.25
37.5
20.25
37.5
20. 25
22.50
37.5
39.0
23. 40
55.0
29. 70
6 8 .0
36.72

Boiler makers, manufacturing and jobbing
shops.
Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
of
per Rates
of
week,
of
wages labor
Per
per hour.
full wages per
per week, week,
tim e.
hour. full
full
tim e. tim e.

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
60
60
54
54

100
100

100
100

105

105

112

112

117
117
125
125
125
125
130
183

117
117
125
125
125
139
144
183
227

221

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
100
100

Per
week,
full
tim e.

Cents.
30.0 $16.20
31.5
17.01
32.0
17. 28
34.0
18. 36
38.0
20. 52
39.0
21.06
40.0
21.60
35.0
18. 90
35.0
18. 90
35.0
18. 90
44.0
2 2 .0 0
55.0
27. 50
6 8 .0
34.00

Bricklayers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

40.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45..0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
60.0
60.0
70.0

2 1 .2 0

23.85
23.85
23.85
23.85
23. 85
23.85
22. 50
22. 50
25.00
30.00
30. 00
30.80

53
53
53
53
53
53
53
50
50
50
50
50
44

31.3
31.3
34.4
34.4
34.4
34.4
34.4
37.5
37.5
37.5
37 5
37.5
43.8




15.00
15.00
16.50
16.50
16. 50
16.50
16. 50
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
2 1 .0 0

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
-48
48
48

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
50
50
50

100

100

105
107
113
127
130
133
117
117
117
147
183
227

105
107
113
127
130
133
117
117
117
136
170
210

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

93
93
93

Carpenters.

100

100

113
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
125
150
150
175

113
113
113
113
113
113
106
106
118
142
142
145

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

94
94
94
94
94
83

30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
35.0
35.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
50., 0
50. 0
60.0

Compositors, book and job.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912a .............
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917...............
1918.................
1919.................

R elative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
per week, week,
tim e.
hour. full
full
time. tim e.

100
100
110
110
110
110
110
120
120
120
120
120

100
100
110
110
110
110
110
120
120
120
120
120

140

140

16.20
16. 2 0
16.20
16. 2 0
18.90
18. 90
20. 00
2 0 .0 0
2 0 .0 0
20. 00

25.00
25.00
26.40

54
54
54
54
54
54
50
50
50
50
50
50
44

100
100
100
100

117
117
133
133
133
133
167
167
200

100
100
100
100

117
117
123
123
123
123
154
154
163

100
100
100
100
100
100

93
93
93
93
93
93
81

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

37.5
37.5
43. 8
43. 8
43. 8
43.8
43.8
43. 8
43. 8
43. 8
43. 8
50.0
60.6

18.00
18.00
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
21. 00

24.00
29.10

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100

100
100

117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
133
162

117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
133
162

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

28

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,

7 .—U N IO N SCALES OF W AGES PE R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
LA BOR P E R W E E K I N MAY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PR IN C IP A L T R A D E S
IN 13 IM POR TA N T IN D U S T R IA L CITIES—Continued.

T a b le

A T L A N T A , GA.—Continued.
Linotype operators, book and job.

Granite cutters, inside.
Rates of
wages—

Hoars
of
labor
B ates Hours
per Rates . of
of
Per
wages labor
of
week, week,
Per
per hour.
fu ll wages per
fu ll
week,
per
tim e. tim e. hour. week, fu ll
fu ll
tim e. tim e.

Year.
Per
hour.

1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919.................

Rates of
wages—

R elative—

Cents.
37. 5 $18. 0 0
37. 5 18.00
37.5
18.00
40.0
19. 20
40.0
19. 20
41.3
18. 56
41.3
18. 56
41.3
■ 56
18.
41.3
18. 56
50.0
2 2 . 00
50.0
2 2 .0 0
60.0
26.40
70.0
30.80

* 48
48
48
48
48
45
45
45
45
44
44
44
44

100
100
100

100
100
100

107
107

107
107
103
103
103
103

110
110
110
110

133
133
160
187

122
122

147
171

100
100
100
100
100

94
94
94
94
92
92
92
92

Cents.
43. 8 $2 1 . 0 0
43. 8
2 1 .0 0
43. 8
2 1 .0 0
43. 8
2 1 .0 0
43. 8
2 1 .0 0
43. 8
21. 0 0
43.8
2 1 .0 0
22. 50
46.9
46.9
22. 50
46.9
22. 50
22. 50
46.9
46.9
22. 50
22.50
46.9

Machinists, manufacturing shops.
1907
1908
.. .
1909 ............
1910 ............
1911
............
1912 ............
1913
.
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919.................

30.0
32.5
32.5
32.5
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35. 0
35.0
40.0
55.0
70.0

18.00
19. 50
19. 50
19. 50

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
54
54
54

2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
-2 1 . 0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

21.60
-29.70
37.80

100

100

108
108
108
117
117
117
117
117
117
133
183
233

108
108
108
117
117
117
117
117
117
120

165
210

27.8
27.8
27.8
30.7
30.7
33.3
88.3
83.3
33.3
33.3
8 6 .1

50.0
60.0




15.00
15.00
15.00
16.59
16.59
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
19.50
24.00
26.40

i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i

53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
48
44

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
•100
100

107
107
107
107
107
107

107
107
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Holders, iron.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

90
90
90

30.0
32. 5
32.5
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
41.7
50.0
70.0

18.00
19. 50
19. 50
2 1 .0 0
2 1 . 00
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

22.50
27.00
37.80

Painters.
1907
. .
1908
..........
1909.................
1910.................
1911 ...............
1912.................
1913.................
1 9 1 4 ................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

R elative—

Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor
fu ll
per
per
fu ll
per
tim e. tim e. hour. week, week,
fu ll
full
tim e. tim e.

60
60
60
60
60
60
W
60
60
60
54
54
54

100

100

108
108
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
139
167
233

108
108
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
125
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

210

90
90
90

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Plasterers.

100
100
100
111
111
120
120
120
120
120

100
100
.100
111
111
120
120
120
120
120

130
180
216

130
160
176

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

91
83

45.0
45.0
45.0
45-0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
60.0

iWork 53 hours, paid for 54.

23.85
23.85
23.85
23.85
23.85
23.85
23.85
23.85
23.85
23.85
23.8524.75
29.70

53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
49|

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111

133

104
125

*

93
93

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HO UBS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

27

TABLE 7 .—U N IO N SCALES O F W A O ES P E R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K A N D O F H O U R S OF
LA BO R P E R W E E K IN MAY O F EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 191S, I N T H E PR IN C IP A L T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA N T IN D U S T R IA L C ITIES—Continued.
A T L A N T A , GA.—Concluded.
Stonecutters.

Plumbers and gas fitters.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907.................
1908.................
4909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.. m...........
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Per
week,
fu ll
tim e.

Cents,
40.0 $21.60
40.0
21.60
40.0
21.60
40.0
21.60
2 1 .0 0
40.0
44.4
24.00
44.4
24.00
44.4
24.00
44.4
24.00
44.4
24.00
44.4
24.00
6 8 .8
30.25
75.0
33.00

Rates of
Relativewages—
Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
Per
of
of
per Rates
week,
week,
of
wages labor
Per
pea* hour.
full
full wages Ber
per week, week,
tim e.
tim e.
hour. fu ll
full
tim e. tim e.

153
153
i 53
i 53
153
1 53
1 53
1 53
1 53
153
1 53
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111

172
188

100
100

100
111
111
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

140
153

83
83

JO
O
1X
)0

Cents.
50.0 $24.00
50.0
24.00
50.0
24.00
50.0
24.00
50.0
24.00
50.0
24.00
50.0
24.00
50.0
24.00
50.0
24.00
50.0
24.00
50.0
2 2 .0 0
62.5
27.50
75.0
33.00

RelativeHours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
of
week,
wages labor
full wages pei
per
per week, week,
tim e.
hour. fuM
full
tim e. tim e.

48
4&
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1-00
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

92
115
138

92
92
92

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
112
112
120
120

100
100

100
100

94
94
94
94
94
94
105
105

160

147

^4
94
94
94
94
94
94
94
92
92
92

125
150

Structural-iron workers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
IS 1 2 .................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

40.0
40.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
<62. 5
62.5
62.5
75.0
80.0

21.60
21.60
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
33.00
35.20

54
54
54
54
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100

1=00
100

125
125
141
141
156
156
156
156
156
188

125
125
125
125
127
127
127
127
127
153
163

200

100
100
100
100

89
89
81
81
*1

81
81
81
81

BALTIM ORE, M B.
B oiler makers, manufacturing shops.

1907..................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1-912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917..................
1918.................
1919.................

Cents.
27.8 $15.00
16.50 i
30.6
16.50:
30.6
30.6
16.50:
30.6
16.50
16.50
30.6
30.6
16.50
30.6
16.50
30.6
16.50
16.50 :
30.6
48.0
23.76
50.0' 2 2 . 0 0
80.0
35.20

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
49|
44
44

i Work 53 hours, paid for 54.




100
110
110
110
110
110
110
110
110
110

100
110
110
110
110
110
110
110
110
110

173
180
288

158
147
235

Bricklayers.
Cents.
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
70.0
70.0
92
75.0
81
75.0
81 1 0 0 . 0

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

$30.00
30.00
28.13
28.13
28.13
28.13
28.13
28.13
33.50
31.50
33,00
33.00
44.00

48
48
2 45
M5
2 45
2 45
2 45
2 45
245
2 45
44
44
44

344 hours November to March, inclusive.

110
110

28

BU LLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

7 .—U N IO N SCALES OF W AGES P E R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF HO U R S OF
L A BO R P E R W E E K IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PR IN C IPA L T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA N T IN D U S T R IA L CITIES—Continued.

T a b le

B A LTIM O R E, M D.—Continued.
Carpenters.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.
#

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
19101...............
1911.................
1912...............
1913.............
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Cents.
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
59.0
62.5
80.0

Per
week,
full
tim e.

$2 1 . 0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

19.25
19.25
19.25
2 2 .0 0

27.50
35.20

Compositors, book and job.
Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
Per
full wages per
per hour.
per week, week,
tim e.
hour.
full
full
tim e. tim e.

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

3 44
344

344
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

114
143
183

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

92
92
92
105
131
168

92
92
92
92
92
92

Cents.
32.1
32.1
32.1
35.4
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
43.8
43.8
54.2

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............
1918.................
1919.................

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
57.1
59.5
59.5
61.9
61.9
65.5

2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

24.00
25.00
25.00
26.00
26.00
27.50

42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
4a

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

114
119
119
124
124
131

114
119
119
124
124
131

Per
week,
full
tim e.

$15.40
15.40
15.40
17.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

26.00

2

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
55.3
62.5
75.0

22.25
22.25
22.25
22.25
22.25
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
27.50
33.00

44£
44\
44b
44*
44*
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100

113
113
113
113
113
113
125
150

100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111

124
148

44 hours November to March, inclusive.




48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
110

100
100
100
110

117
117
117
117
117
117
136
136
169

117
117
117
117
117
117
136
136
169

1

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Granite cutters, inside.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
62.5
75.0

20.03
20.03
20.03
20.03
20.03
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

2*7.50
33.00

44*
44 £
44*
44*
44b
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
100
110
110
110
110
110
110

139
167

137
165

100
100
100
100
100

99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

Hod carriers.

Granite cutters, outside.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
191j2.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919:...............

R elative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages
per
per
per week, week,
tim e.
hour.
full
full
tim e. tim e.

100
100
100
100
100

99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

31.3
31.3
31.3
31.3
31.3
31.3
31.3
31.3
34.4
34.4
40.0
56.3
75.0

'15.00
15.00
14.06
14.06
14.06
14.06
14.06
14.06
15.47
15.47
17.60
24.75
33.00

48
4S
2 45
2 45
2 45
2 45
2 45
2 45
2 45
2 45
• 44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
110

128
180
240

100
100

100
100

94
94
94
94
94
94
103
103
117
165

94
94
94
94
94
94
92
92
92
92
92

220

»48 hours November to March, inclusive.

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

29

[ION SCALES OF W AGES P E R HOU R A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
R W E E K IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E P R IN C IP A L T R A D E S
R T A N T IN D U S T R IA L CITIES—Continued.
BA LT IM O R E , MD.—Continued.
Linotype operators, book and job.
Rates of
wages—

Per
hour.

Cents.

1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.
1918.
1919.

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
46.9
46.9
46.9
46.9
46.9
46.9
50.0
50.0
60.4

Per
week,
full
tim e.

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.
Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
wages labor
week,
of
Per
per hour.
full wages per
per week, week,
tim e.
hour. full
full
tim e. tim e.

Per
week,
full
tim e.

30.6
30.6
30.6
30.6
33.3
33.3
33.3
37.5
37.5
37.5
47.0
62.5
75.0

100

21.00
21.00
21.00

100
100
100

100
100
100
100

22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
24.00
24.00
29.00

107
107
107
107
107
107
114
114
138

107
107
107
107
107
107
114
114
138

16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
22.56
30.00
36.00

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100 -

100

100
100
100

100

53.6
53.6
53.6
53.6
53.6
53.6
53.6
57.1
59.5
59.5
61.9
61.9
65.5

$22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
24.00
25.00
25.00
26.00
26.00
27.50

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

109
109
109
123
123
123
154
204
245

109
109
109
109
109
109
137
182
218

37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
43.8
56.3
6 8 .8




18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
2 1 .0 0

24.75
30.25

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44
44

100
100
100
100

100

100
100
100

100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

107

107

111
111

111
111

115
115

115
115

122

122

100

100
100
100
100
112
112
112
112
112
112

100
100
100
100
112
112
112
112
112
112

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

146
214
214

129.
190
190

100

100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

Molders, iron.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

89
89
89
89
89
89

32.2
32.2
32.2
32.2
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
46.9
6 8 .8
6 8 .8

17.40
17.40
17.40
17.40
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
22.50
33.00
33.00

Painters.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916
1917.
1918.
1919.

Hours
of
labor
per
week,
full
tim e.

Cents.

$21.00

Machinists, manufacturing shops.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.
1918.
1919.

R elative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates
per Rates
of
week,
of
per
full
per week,
tim e.
hour. fu ll
tim e.

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48

89
89
89

Plasterers.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

117
150
183

117
138
168

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.5
50.0
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5

92
92

72.0
87.5

6 8 .8

30.00
24.00
27.00
27.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.25
31.68
38.50

48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100

100

80
90
90

80
90
90
92
92
92
92
92
92

100
100
100
100
100
100
110

101

115
140

106
128

100
100
100
100

92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS*
T a b l e 2*—U N IO N SCALES OF W A G ES P E R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF

L A B O R P E R W E E K I N MAY OF EA CH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E P R IN C IP A L T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA N T IN D U S T R IA L CITIES—Continued.
BALTIM O R E, M D.—Concluded.
Plumbers and gas fitters.
Rates cf
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
191-8.................
1919.................

Cents.
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0
50.0
50. 0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
6 8 .8

75.0

Per
wee^,
fu ll
tim e.

Stereotypers., daywork, newspaper.

Rates of
Relative—
Relative—
wages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
labor
labor
R ates Hours
Rates Hours
per Rates
per Rates
of
of
of
of
Per
week,
week,
of
wages labor
of
wages labor
Per
week,
per
fu ll wages per
fu ll wages per
per
hour.
fu ll
per week, week,
tim e.
per
tim e. tim e. hour. week, week,
fu ll
hour. fu ll
fu ll
full
tim e. tim e.
tim e. tim e.

1 2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
.2 1 . 0 0
.2 1 . 0 0

24.00
24.00 .
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.75
20. 25
33.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

114
114
114
114
1.14
114
129
157
171

114
114
,114
114
114
114
118
144
157

Cents.
40.6 $19.50
43.8
2 1 .0 0
43.8
2 1 .0 0
43.8 2 1 . 0 0
43.8 2 1 . 0 0
43.8 2 1 . 0 0
22.50
46.9
22.50
46.9
22.50
46.9
22.50
46.9
92
22.50
46.9
92
52.1
25.00
92
56.3
27.00

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

4-8
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100

100

108
108
108
108
108
115
115
115
115
115
128
139

108
108
108
108
108
115
115
115
115
115
128
138

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Structural-iron workers.
1907.................
1998.................
1909.................
■1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1 9 1 3 ....:........
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

50.0
•50.0
.50.0
-50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
75.0
1 0 0 .0

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
.27.00
27.00
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
27.50
33.00
44.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

113
113
113
113
113
113
125
150

113
113
103
103
103
103
115
138
183

200

100
100
100
100
100
100

92
92
92
92
92
92
92

i
i

BOSTON, MASS.
Bricklayers.
Cents.
1907................. 60.0 $26.40
1S08.___ ____ 60.0 26. 40
1909................. 60.0 26.40
1910................. -60.0 26. 40
1911................. 60.0 26.40
1912................. 60.0 26.40
19 1 3 ............... 65.0 28.60
1914................. 65.0 28.60
1915................. 65.0 28. 60
1916................. 65.0 28. 60
1917................. 70.0 30. 80
1918.................
80.0 35.20
1919.................. 80.0 35.20




44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

Carpenters.

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

108
108
108
108
117
133
133

108
108
108
108
117
133
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.
43.8 $2 1 . 0 0
2 1 .0 0
43.8
47.8
22.92
50.0
2 2 .0 0
50.0
2 2 .0 0
50.0
2 2 .0 0
50.0
2 2 .0 0
55.0
2'4. 2 0
24. 20
55.0
57.0
25.08
60.0
26.40
65. 0
26.00
75.0
30.00

48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40

100
100

100
100

109
114
114
114
114
126
126
130
137
148
171

109
105
105
105
105
115
115
119
126
124
143

100
100
100

92
.92
92
92
92
92
92
92
83
83

U N IO N

SCALE

O F

W A G E S

A N D

H O U R S

O F

L A B O R ,

M A Y

15,

81

1919.

7.—-UNION SCALES OF W A G E S PER HOUR A N © PER W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
LABO R PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EAC H Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.

T a b le

BOSTOH” MASS.—Continued.
,
Compositors, book and job.

Cement finishers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
full
tim e.

Rates of
R elativeRelative
wages—
Hours
Hours
•of
of
labor
labor
Rates Hours
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
per Rates
of
of
Per
week,
week,
of
of
wages labor
labor
Per
week,
full wages per
per
:full
per
per
full
per week, week,
per week, week, hour. tim e. tim e.
tim e.
hour. full
full
full
(hour. full
tim e. tim e.
tim e. time.

'Cents.

1907..
1908..

1909..
1910..

1M ..
1
1912..
1913..
1914.
1915.
191-6.
1917.
1918.
1919.

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
60.0
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
70.0
75.0

Cents.

100
100
100
100

100
100
100

120

$24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
28.80
28.80
30.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.80
33.00

120
120

120
125
125
125
125
125
140
150

100
125
115
115
115
115
128
138

100

37.5

100

37.5

100

100
100
100

100

92
92
92
92
92
92

37.5
39.6
41.7
41.7
41.7
43.8
43.8
43.8
45.8

50.0
55.2

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

61.0
61.0
61.0
61.0
61.0
63.0
63.0
63.0
63.0
63.0
6 8 .0
6 8 .0

83.0

25.62
25.62
25.62
25.62
25. 62
26.46
26.46
26.46
26.46
26.46
28.56
28.56
34.86

42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

103
103
103
103
103

103
103
103
103
1*03

111
111

111
111

136

186

$18.00
18.00
18.00
19.00

100
100
100

100

20.00
20.00
20.00
21.00

106

106

111
111
111

111
111
111

117
117
117

117
117
117

122

122

133
147

133
147

21.00
21.00
22.00

24.00
26.50

44.4
44.4
44.4
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
52. 5
52.5




24.00
24.00
24.00
24. 00
24. 00
24. 00
24.00
24. 00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25. 20
25. 20

54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100

113
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
1-18
1*18

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

105
105

100

E-lectrotypers: Finishers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

41.7
41.7
41.7
46.9
46.9
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
52.5
52.5

22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.20
25.20

Electrotypers: Molders.
1907...... ....... .
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
19-11.................
1912.................
m s ..........
19*14.................
1915.................
m s ..........
•1M7.................
1918.................
1919..........

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

103

54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
112
112
120
120
120
120
120
120

126
125

' 48

100

100
100
100
100
100

103
100

*89
89
89
S9
■
89
89
89
89
89
89

107
107
107
107
107
107
112
112

Gas fitters.
100
100
100

89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

37.5
45.0
45.0
415.0
45.0
50.0
§0 . 0
55.0
55.0
60.0
65.0
70.0
80.0

•18. 0 0
2 1 . 60
21.60
2 1 . 60
2 1 . 60
2 2 . 00
2 2 .0 0

24. 20
24. 20
26. 40
2-8.60
30. 80
35. 20

48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

;
!
|
i
!
|
I

100
120
120
120
120

133
133
147
147
160
173
187
213

100
120
120
120 1
120
122 [
122

134
134
147
158
171 ,
196
1

100
100
100
100

190
.92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

32

B U L L E T IN

O F

T H E

B U E E A U

O F

L A B O E

S T A T IS T I€ S .

7 .—U N IO N SCALES OF W AGES PE R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
L A B O R P E R W E E K IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PR IN C IP A L T R A D E S
I N 13 IM PO R TA N T IN D U S T R IA L CITIES—Continued.

T a b le

BO ST O N , M ASS.—Continued.
Hod carriers.
R ates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
tim e.

Cents.
1907........... 30.0
1 9 0 8 ...:.......... 30.0
190 9
30.0
191 0
35.0
191 1
35.0
191 2
35.0
191 3
35.0
191 4
35.0
191 5
35.0
191 6
35.0
191 7
40.0
191 8
42.5
/ 42.5
191 9
\ 50.0

$13.20
13.20
13.20
15. 40
15. 40
15. 40
15. 40
15. 40
15. 40
15. 40
17. 60
18. 70
18. 70
2 2 .0 0

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.

Rates of
R elative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
week,
of
wages labor
Per
per hour. week,
full wages per
full
per week, week,
tim e.
tim e.
hour.
full
full
tim e. time.

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100

100
100
100

117
117
117
117
117
117
117
133
142
142
167

117
117
117
117
117
117
117
133
142
142
167

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.
61.0
61.0
61.0
61.0
61.0
63.0
63.0
63.0
63.0
63.0
6 8 .0
6 8 .0

1(50 | 83.0

$25.62
25.62
25.62
25.62
25.62
26. 46
26. 46
26.46
26. 46
26. 46
28.56
28.56
34.86

Molders, iron.
1907.................
1908.................
1959.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

33.3
33.3
33.3
36.1
36.1
36.1
38.9
38.9
38.9
44. 4
50.0
58.3
58.3

18.00
18. 0 0 '
18.00
19. 50
19. 50
19.50
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

24.00
27.00
31.50
31.50

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100

108
108
108
117
117
117
133
' 150
175
175

60.0
60.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
80.0




26.40
26. 40
28. 60
28.60
28.60
28. 60
28. 60
28. 60
28.60
28.00
28.00
28.00
32.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40
40
40

42
42
42 .
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

103
103
103
103
103

103
103
103
103
103

111
111

111
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

136

136

100

100

100

100

104
104
115
115
127
127
139
139
153
158
190
209

95
95
105
105
116
116
128
128
128
132
158
174

92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
83
83
83
83

100
112
112

100
112
112

118
118
118

118
118
118

122
122
122

122
122
122
120
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Painters.
100
100
100

108
108
108
117
117
117
133
150*
175
175

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

39.5
41.0
41.0
45.5
45.5
50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
60.5
62.5
75.0
82.5

18.96
18.04
18.04
2 0 .0 0
2 0 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

24.20
24. 20
24.20
25. 00
30.00
33.00

Plasterers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

R elative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
per week, week,
tim e.
hour. full
fu ll
tim e. tim e.

48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40
40
40

Plasterers’ laborers.

100
100

100
100

108
108
108
108
108
108
108
117
117
117
133

108
108
108
108
108
108
108
106
106
106
121

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

91
91
91
91

34.0
38.0
38.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
41.5
41.5
41.5
45.0
45.0
50.0
60.0

14.96
16. 72
16. 72
17.60
17. 60
17.60
18.26
18. 26
18. 26
18.00
18.00
2 0 .0 0

24.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40
40
40

132
132
147
176

134
160

91
91
91
91

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

33

TABLE 7-—U N IO N SCALES OF W A G ES P E R H O U R A N D PE R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
LA BO R P E R W E E K IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E P R IN C IP A L T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA N T IN D U S T R IA L C IT IE S—Continued.
B O ST O N , M A SS.—Concluded.
Plumbers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Cents.
50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
60.0
60.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
6 8 .8

75.0
80.0

Per
week.
full
tim e.

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.

Rates of
R elative—
wages.—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
week,
wages labor
of
Per
per hour. week,
full wages per
full
per week, week,
tim e.
tim e.
hour. full
full
tim e. tim e.
.

$24.00
24.00
26. 40
26. 40
24. 20
26. 40
26. 40
28.60
28.60
28.60
30. 25
33.00
35.20

48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
110
110
110
120
120

100
100
110
110
110
110

no
119
119
119
126
138
147

130
130
130
138
150
160

100
100
100
100

92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

Cents.
57.1
57.1
57.1
57.1
57.1
57.1
59.5
59.5
59.5
59.5
64.3
64.3
75.0

Stonecutters, inside.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
70.0
70.0

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
2 2 .0 0

24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
27.50
30. 80
30.80

48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5

100
100
100
100
100

92
103
103
103
103
115
128
128

113
113
113
113
125
140
140

42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

104
104
104
104
113
113
131

104
104
104

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

101

113
113
131

Structural-iron workers.
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

$24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25. 00
25.00
25. 00
25.00
27.00
27.00
31.50

Relative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
per week, week,
tim e.
hour. full
full
tim e. tim e.

92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

6 8 .8

80.0
80.0

21.60
21.60
24.00
2 2 .0 0

24. 75
24. 75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30. 25
35. 20
35.20

48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
111
111

100
100
111
102

125
125
139
139
139
139
153
178
178

115
115
127
127
127
127
140
163
163

100
100
100

92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

CHICAGO, ILL.
Blacksmiths, manufacturing shops.

1907..................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Cents.
37.5 $18.56
37.5
18.56
37.5
18.56
40.0
19.80
40.0
19.80
40.0
19.80
43.2
21.38
43.2
21.38
43.2
21.38
46.2
22. 87
26.88
56.0
75.0
36.00
90.0
39.60

49*
49*
49*
49*
49*
49*
49*
49*
49*
49*
48
48
44

JL
00
100
100

107
107
107
115
115
115
123
149
200

240

172259°—20—Bull. 274------ 3




Boiler makers.

1
100
100
100

107
107
107
115
115
115
123
145
194
213

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

97
97
89

Cents.
37.5 $18.56
37.5
18. 56
18. 56
37.5
40.0
19.80
40.0
19.80
19.80
40.0
2 1 . 60
40.0
2 1 . 60
40.0
40.0
21.60
40.0
2 2 . 60
2 2 .6 8
42.0
28.68
52.0
60.0
32. 40

49*
49*
49*
49*
49*
49*
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100

100
100
100

107
107
107
107
107
107
107

107
107
107
116
116
116
116

112

122

139
160

151
175

*

100
100
100
100
100
100

109
109
109
109
109
109
109

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

34

7 .—U N IO N SCALES OF W AGES P E R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
L A BO R P E R W E E K IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PR IN C IP A L T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA N T IN D U S T R IA L CITIES—Continued.

T a b le

CHICAGO, ILL .—Continued.
Carpenters.

Bricklayers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
*917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Per
week,
full
tim e.

Cents.
62.5 $30.00
30.00
62.5
32.40
67.5
67.5
29.70
29.70
67.5
72.5
31.90
33.00
75.0
33. 00
75.0
33.00
75.0
75.0
33.00
33.00
75.0
75.0
33.00
87.5
38.50

Rates of
R elative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
week,
of
wages labor
Per
week,
per
full wages per
hour.
full
per week, week,
tim e.
tim e.
full
hour.
full
tim e. tim e.

48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100

100
100

108
108
108
116

108
99
99
106

120
120
120
120
120

110
110
110
110
110
110

140

128

320

100
100
100

92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

Cents.
56.3 $24.75
56.3
24.75
56.3
24.75
60.0
26. 40
60.0
26.40
65.0
28.60
65.0
28.60
65.0
28.60
65.0
28.60
70.0
30.80
70.0
30.80
30.80
70.0
80.0
35.20

Cement finishers.
1907.................
1908..................
1909.................
1910..................
1911..................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916..................
1917..................
1918..................
1919..................

56.3
56.3
57.5
57.5
62.5
62.5
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
67.5
75.0
80.0

24. 75
24.75
25.30
25.30
27.50
27.50
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
29. 70
33.00
35.20

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
62.0
62.0
62.0
62.0
62.0
62.0
62.0
6 6 .0

79.0




24.75
•24.75
24.75
24. 75
27.90
27.90
27.90
27.90
27. 90
27.90
27.90
29.70
35.55

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100

100
100
100

107
107
• 116
116
116
116
124
124
124
142

107
107
116
116
116
116
124
124
124
142

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Compositors, book and job.

100
100
102
102
111
111

100
100
102
102
111
111

116
116
316
116

116
116
116
116

120

120

133
142

133
142

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

40.6
40.6
40.6
43.8
46.9
46.9
48.9
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
57.3
75.0

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
1907..................
1908..................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912.................
1913.!..............
1914.................
1915.................
1916..................
1917..................
1918..................
1919..................

R elative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
per week, week,
tim e.
hour. full
full
tim e. tim e.

100
100
100
100

300

H3
113
113
113
113
113
113

113
113
113
113
113
113
113

120

120

144

144

100
100
100

19.50
19.50
19.50
2 1 .0 0

22.50
22.50
22.50
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
27.50
36.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100

100
100
100

108
115
315
115
123
123
123
123
141
185

108
115
115
115
123
123
123
123
141
185

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Electrotypers: Finishers.
100
100
100
100
100

300
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45. g
49.0
52.1
52.1
52.1
56.3
58.3
77.1

2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

23.50
25.00
25.00
25.00
27.00
28.00
37.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

107
114
114
114
123
127
168

107
114
114
114
123
100

168

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

35

7 .—U N IO N SCALES OF W AGES P E R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
LA BO R P E R W E E K IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PR IN C IP A L T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA N T IN D U S T R IA L C IT IES—Continued.

T a b le

CHICAGO, IL L .—Continued.
Electrotypers: Holders.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..................
1908..................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916..................
1917..................
1918..................
1919..................

Per
week,
full
tim e.

Cents.
52.1 $25.00
25.00
52.1
52.1
25.00
25.00
52.1
52.1
25.00
52.1
25.00
26.00
54.2
27. 00
56.3
27. 00
56.3
27. 00
56.3
29.00
60.4
60.4
29.00
77.1
37.00

Granite cutters, inside.

R ates of
RelativeRelativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
labor
labor
Rates Hours
Rates Hours
per Rates
per Rates
of
of
of
of
Per
week,
week,
of
wages labor
of
wages labor
Per
week,
full wages per
full wages per
per
per
hour.
full
per week, week,
per
tim e.
tim e. tim e. hour. week, \veek,
hour. full
full
fu ll
full
tim e. tim e.
tim e. time.

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

104
108
108
108
116
116
148

104
108
108
108
116
116
148

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Granite cutters, outside.
1907..................
1908..................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915.................
1916..................
1917..................
1918..................
1919..................

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0
75.0
1 0 0 .0

24.75
24. 75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
27.50
27.50
27. 50
27.50
33.00
33.00
44.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111

133
133
178

133
133
178

Cents.
37.5 $18.00
19.50
40.6
40.6
19.50
40.6
19.50
40.6
19.50
40.6
19.50
2 2 .0 0
50.0
50.0
2 2 .0 0
50.0
2 2 .0 0
23.38
53.1
24. 75
56.3
29.15
66.3
76.3
33.55




17.88
17.88
19.31
19.31
19.31
19.31
21.06
22. 50
2 0 .8 8

22.50
2 0 . 88
24.30
22.51
24.30
26.40
31.20
35.20

49J
4 9|
494
49k
49§
49*
54
54
48
54
48
54
48
54
48
48
44

100
100

100
100

108
108
108
108
108
115

108
108
108
108
118
126
117
126
117
136
126
136
148
175
197

120

115
120

125
130
125
152
180
222

100

100

108
108
108
108
108
133
133
133
142
150
177
203

108
108
108
108
108
122
122
122

130
138
162
186

100
100
100
100
100
100

92
92
92
92
92
92
92

Linotype operators, book and job.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
60.2
77.9

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.0024.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
28.90
37.40

M.acllinists, raanufacturing and jobbing
shops.
1907.................. 36.1
1908.................. 36.1
1909.................. 39.0
1910.................. 39.0
1911.................. 39.0
1912.................. 39.0
1913................. 39.0
/ 41.7
1914........
\ 43.5
1 9 1 5 .............. f 41.7
\ 43.5
1916.................. j 45.0
\ 46.9
1917.................. J 45.0
\ 55.0
1918.................. 65.0
1919.................. 80.0

48
48
48
48
48
48
‘ 44
44
44
44
44
44
44

36.1
36.1
36.1
38.9
38.9
38.9
109
44.4
109 } 44.4
97
109 } 44.4
97
109 | 50.0
97
109 | 56.3
97
97
6 8 .8
89
80.0

100
100
100
100
100
100

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120

100

156

156

ICO
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Molders, iron.
19.50
19.50
19.50

24.00
24.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

108
108
108
123
123

24.00

54

123

123

100

24.00

48

139

123

89

27.00
33.00
38.40

48
48
48

156
191

123
169
197

89
89
89

2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

100
100
100

222

100
100
100
100

108
108
108
123

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

36

BULLETIN OF THE BUKEAU OF LABOK STATISTICS.
A

Table 7 .—U N IO N SCALES OF W A G ES P E R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
L A BO R P E R W E E K IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PR IN C IP A L T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA N T IN D U S T R IA L C ITIES—Continued.
CHICAGO, IL L .—Continued.
Painters.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..................
1908..................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916..................
1917..................
1918..................
1919..................

Per
week,
full
tim e.

Cents.
50.0 $2 2 . 0 0
50.0
2 2 .0 0
55.0
24.20
60.0
26.40
60.0
26.40
60.0
26.40
65.0 . 28.60
70.0
30.80
70.0
30.80
70.0
30.80
31.90
72.5
75.0
33.00
87.5
38.50

Plasterers.

Rates of
R elative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
week,
of
wages labor
Per
per hour. week,
full wages per
full
per week, week,
tim e.
tim e.
hour. full
full
tim e. tim e.

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

Cents.
100
100
110
120
120
120

100
100
110
120
120
120

130
140
140
140
145
150
175

130
140
140
140
145
150
175

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

6 8 .8
6 8 .8
6 8 .8
6 8 .8
6 8 .8

75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
81.3
87.5

Plasterers ’ laborers.
1907..................
1908..................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916..................
1917..................
1918..................
1919..................

40.0
40.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
48.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
62.5

17.60
17.60
19.80
19.80
19.80
19.80
2 1 .1 2
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

24.75
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

$30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
35.75
38.50

48.4
54.9
54.9
54.9
58.1
58.1
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
60.4




22.50
25.50
25.50
25.50
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
29.00

46i
46£
46£
46£
46£
46£
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100

100
100

113
113
113
113

113
113
113
113

120

120

125
125
125
125
141
156

125
125
125
125
141
156

10G

100

113
113
113

113
113
113

120
120

120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120

116
116
116
116
116
116
125

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

109
109
109
109
109
109
118
127

109
109
109
109
109
109
118
127

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Plumbers and gas fitters.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.5
65.0
65.0

27.50
28.60
28.60
6 8 .8
30.25
6 8 .8
30.25
6 8 .8
30.25
75.0 . 33.00
75.0
33.00
75.0
33.00
75.0
33.00
75.0
33.00
75.0
33.00
84.4
37.13

Stereotypers, daywork, newspapers.
1907..................
1908..................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916..................
1917..................
1918..................
1019..................

R elative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Ilours
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
per week, week,
tim e.
hour. full
full
tim e. tim e.

129

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100

100

104
104

104
104

110
110
110
120
120
120
120
120
120

110
110
110
120
120
120
120
120
120

135

135

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Stonecutters.
100
100
100
100
100
100

103
103
103
103
103
103
103

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
70.0
70.0
81.3

24.75
24.75
24. 75
24.75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.80
30.80
35.75

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111

124
124
144

124
124
144

«

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

U N IO N

S C A L E

O F

W A G E S

A N D

H O U R S

O F

L A B O R ,

M A Y

15,

1919.

37

T a b l e 7 . — U N IO N

SCALES OF W AGES P E R H O U R A N D PE R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
L A BO R P E R W E E K IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T ^ E PR IN C IP A L T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA N T IN D U S T R IA L C ITIES—Continued.
CHICAGO, IL L .—Concluded.

&

Structural-iron workers.
Rates of
wages—

Year.
Per
hour.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Rates of
wages—

R elative—

Hours
of
•labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
of
Per
week, week, wages wages labor
full
per
per
hour.
full
per
tim e. tim e. hour. week, week,
full
full
tim e. tim e.

Cents.
60.0 $26.40
60.0
26.40
62.5
27.50
28.60
65.0
29.04
6 6 .0
29.92
6 8 .0
29.92
6 8 .0
29.92
6 8 .0
29.92
6 8 .0
29.92
6 8 .0
30.36
69.0
30.80
70.0
87.5
38.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100

100
100

104
108

104
108

110

110

113
113
113
113
113
115
117
146

113
113
113
113
113
115
117
146

R elative—

Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
of
of
per Rates
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor
per
per
full
full
per
tim e. tim e. hour. week, week,
full
full
tim e. tim e.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

C IN C IN N A T I, OHIO.
Boiler makers, shopmen.

Bricklayers.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Cents.
60.0 $27.00
27.00
60.0
27.00
60.0
62.5
28.13
62.5
28.13
29.25
65.0
29.25
65.0
29.25
65.0
70.0
31.50
70.0
31.50
33.75
75.0
90.0
40.50
90.0
40.50

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
*45
45

100
100
100

100
100
100

104
104
108
108
108
117
117
125
150
150

104
104
108
108
108
117
117
125
150
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.
33.5 $18.09
33.5
18.09
35.0
18.90
35.0
18.90
35.0
18.90
40.0
21.60
40.0
21.60
17.33'
35.0
17.33
35.0
17.33
35.0
38.0
18.81
40.0
19.80
55.0
27.23

Carpenters.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1 9 1 0 ...:..........
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
55.0
60.0
62.5
65.0
70.0




20.03
20.03
20.03
22.25
22.25
22.25
22'.25
22.25
24.48
26.70
27.80
28.93
31.15

44i
44^
44*
44£
44|
44£
44|
44*
44J
44£
44J
44*
44*

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
m
m
49 j
49|
491
m

100
100

104
104
104
119
119
104
104
104
113
119
164

100
100

104
104
104
119
119
96
96
96
96
109
151

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

92
92
92
92
92
92

Compositors, book and job.

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
122

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
122

133
139
144
156

133
139
144
156

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
. 37.5
37.5
40.6
43.8
43.8
43.8
46.9
46.9
51.1

18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
19.50
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

22.50
22.50
24.50

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

108
117
117
117
125
125
136

108
117
117
117
125
125
•136

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

38

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

7*—U N IO N SCALES OF W A G E S P E R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S O F
L A BO R P E R W E E K IN M AY OF EA CH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PR IN C IP A L T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA N T IN D U S T R IA L C ITIES—Continued.

T a b le

C IN C IN N A T I, OHIO—Continued.
Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
Rates of
wages—

hour.

1007.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

full
tim e.

Cents.
50.0 $24.00
50.0
24.00
52.1
25.00
52.4
25.00
52.4
25.00
52.4
25.00
52.4
25.00
54.2
26.00
56.3
27.00
56.3
27.00
56.3
27.00
56.3
27.00
87.5
42.00

Electrotypers: Finishers.

Rates of
R elative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
week,
of
wages labor
Per
week,
per
full wages per
hour.
full
per week, week.
tim e.
tim e.
hour. full
full
tim e. tim e.

48
48
48
47|
47§
47|
47|
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
104
105
105
105
105
108
113
113
113
113
175

100
100
104
104
104
104
104
108
113
113
113
113
175

100
100
100
99
99
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.
37.5 $18.00
37.5
18.00
37.5
18.00
37.5
18.00
37.5
18.00
42.8
21.00
43.8
21.00
45.8
22.00
45.8
22.00
45.8
22.00
45.8
22.00
47.9
23.00
52.1
25.00

Electrotypers: Molders.
1907................. 43.8
1908................. , 43.8
1909................. 43.8
1910................. 43.8
1911................. 43.8
1912................. 47.9
47.9
1913.................
1914................. 50-0
1915................. 50.0
1916................. 50.0
1917................. 50.0
1918................. 52.1
1919................. 52.1

21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
23.00
23.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.00
25.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48 ;
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
109
109
114
114
114
114
119
119

100
100
100
100
100
110
110
114
114
114
114
119
119

37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
42.5
42/5
42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
50.0
57.5




16.88
16.88
16.88
16.88
16.88
19.13
19.13
19.13
19.13
19.13
19.13
22.50
25.88

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
133
153

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
117
117
122
122
122
122
128
139

100
100
100
100
100
117
117
122
122
122
122
128
139

100
100
100
100
100
100
*00
100
100
100
100
100
100

Granite cutters, outside.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Hod carriers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
per week, week,
tim e.
hour. full
full
tim e. tim e.

45.5
45.5
45.5
45.5
£0.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
75.0
90.0

21.84
21.84
21.84
21.84
24.00
24.00
25.31
25.31
24.75
27.50
27.50
33.00
39.60

48
48
48
48
48
48
45
45
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
110
110
124
124
124
137
137
165
198

100
100
100
100
110
110
116
116
113
124
124
151
181

100
100
100
100
100
100
94
94
92
92
92
92
92

Linotype operators, book and job.
100
100
100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
133
153

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

45.8
45.8
45 .S
45.8
45.8
45.S
49.0
52.1
52.1
52.1
54.2
54.2
58.3

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
23.50
25.00
25.00
25.00
26.00
26.00
28.00
i

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
107
114 ;
114
114
118
118
127

100
100
100
100
100
100
107
114
114
114
118
118
127

i

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

39

7 .—U N IO N SCALES OF W A G E S P E R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
L A BO R P E R W E E K IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PR IN C IP A L T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA N T IN D U S T R IA L C IT IES—Continued.

T a b le

C IN C IN N A T I, OHIO—Continued.
Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.

Machinists, manufacturing shops.

Rates of
R elativewages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
POT
week,
Per
wages labor
of
week,
full wages per
hour. week,
per
full
full
tim e.
per week, week,
tim e.
tim e.
hour. full
full
tim e. tim e.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913............
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.............
1918.................
1919.................

Cents.
50.0 $24.00
50.0
24.00
52.1
25.00
52.4
25.00
52.4
25.00
52.4
25.00
52.4
25.00
54.2
26.00
56.3
27.00
56.3
27.00
56.3
27.00
56.3
27.00
87.5
42.00

48
48
48
m
47*
47*
47*
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
104
105
105
105
105
108
113
113
113
113
175

100
100
104
104
104
104
104
108
113
113
113
113
175

100
100
100
99
99
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
32.5
32.5
35.0
42.0
42.0
50.0

$16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
17.06
17.06
16.80
20.16
20.16
24.00

Moldersi, iron.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

35.6
35.6
35.6
35.6
36.1
36.1
36.1
38.9
38.9
44.4
44.4
55.6
58.3

19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.50
19.50
19.50
21.00
21.00
24.00
24.00
30.00
31.50

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100
100
101
101
101
109
109
125
125
156
164

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
87.5




27. 81
27.81
27.81
27.81
27.81
27.81
30.59
33.38
33.38
33.38
33.38
33.38
38.94

44i
4*i
44J
44J
44J
44£
44^
44£
44*
44£
44|
44$
44J

100
100
100
100
100
100
110
120
120
120
120
120
140

55
55
55
55
55
55
55
52£
52*
48'
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
108
108
117
140
140
167

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
103
103
102
122
122
145

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
95
95
87
87
87
87

100
100
106
99
103
103
115
115
115
126
126
138
143

100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

100
100'
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
119
155

100
100
100
100
100
101
101
101
101
101
101
101
101

Painters.
100
100
100
100
102
102
102
109
109
125
125
156
164

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

40.0
40.0
42.5
43.2
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
60.0
62.5

Plasterers.
1907..................
1908..................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912..................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1#16 ...........
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per R ates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
tim e.
per week, week,
hour. full
full
tim e. tim e.

19.20
19.20
20.40
19.00
19.80
19.80
22.00
22.00
22.00
24.20
24.20
26.40
27.50

48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
106
108
113
113
125
125
125
138
138
150
156

Plasterers’ laborers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
120
120
120
120
120
140

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

42.5
4f2.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
65.0

18. 91
18*91
18.91
18.91
18.91
20.25
20.25
20.25
20.25
20.25
20.50
22.50
29.25

44J
44i
44£
44£
44£
45
45
45
45
45
<5
45
45

100
100
100
100
100
106
106
106
106
106
106
118
153

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

40

T a b l e 7 . —UNION

SCALES OF W A G E S PER H OUR A N D PER W E E K A N D OF HOURS OF
LABO R PER -5W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PR IN CIPAL T R A D E S
IN 13 IM POR TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
C IN C IN N A T I, OHIO—Concluded.
Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.

Plumbers and gas fitters.
Rates of
wages—

Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Rates of
Relative—
Relative—
wages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
labor
labor
Rates Hours
Rates Hours
per Rates
per
of
of
of
of
Rates
Per
week,
week,
wages labor
of
wages labor
of
Per
week,
full wages per
full wages per
per
per
hour.
full
time.
time.
per week, week,
per week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full
hour.
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

C en ts.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
191-2.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1 9 1 6 ...,.........
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
61.8
61.8
61.8
61.8
65.6
65.6
75.0

C en ts.

44*
$22.25
22.25
44*
44*
22.25
25.03
44J
44*
25.03
25.03
44J
27.50
44*
27.50 ' 44*
27.50
44*
27.50
44
28. 87
44
28. 87
44
33.00
44

100
100
100
113
113
113
124
124
124
124
131
131
150

100
100
100
112
112
112
124
124
124
124
130
130
148

100 * 37.9
100 <37.9
100 4 37.9
100 6 43.5
100 6 43.5
100 8 44.1
100 9 47.1
100
50.0
100
50.0
99
50.0
99
51.0
99
52.1
99
64.6

$21.60
21.60
21.60
22.20
22.20
22.50
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24. 50
25.00
31.00

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
60.0
62.5
65.0
70.0
77.5

25.03
25.03
25 ; 03
25.03
25.03
25.03
25.03
25.03
26.70
27. 81
2 7 .5 0

30.80
34.10

44*
44*
44*
44*
44*
44*
44*
44*
. 44*
44*
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
111
115

124
138

100
100
100
115
115
116
124
132
132
132
135
137
170

100
100
100
103
103
104
111
111
111
111
113
116
144

100
100
100
89
89
89
89
84
84
84
84
84
84

Structural-iron workers.

Stonecutters.
1907...............
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1 911 .................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1 91 7 .................
1918.................
1919.................

5 57
6 57
5 57
7 51
751
751
7 51
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
111
110
123
136

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
99
99

45.0
45.0
50.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
65.0
75.0
75.0

21.60
21.60
24.00
26.70
26.70
26. 70
27. 81
27. 81
27.81
27. 81
28.60
33.00
33.00

48
48
48
44*
44*
44*
44*
44*
44*
44*
44
44
44

100
100
111
133
133
133
139
139
139
139
144
167
167

100
100
111
124
124
124
129
129
129
129
132
153
153

100
100
100
93
93
93
93
93
93
93
92
92
92

D EN V E R , COLO.
Blacksmiths, manufacturing and jobbing
shops.
C en ts.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Boiler makers , manufacturing and jobbing
shops.
C en ts.

36.0
36.0
36.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
41.0
50.0
52.0

$19.44
19.44
19.44
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
22.14
27.00
24.96

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111
114
139
144

4 40 cents, October to March.
• 54 hours, October to March.
* 46i cents, October to March.




100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111
114
139
128

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89

37.0
37.0
37.0
37.0
37.0
41.0
41.0
41.0
41.0
41.0
42.5
52.0
68.0

$19.98
19.98
19.98
19.98
19.98
22.14
22.14
22.14
22.14
22.14
21.68
24.96
32.64

1 48 hours,

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
51
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
115
141
184

October to March.

8 453 cents, October to March.
9 50 cents, October to March.

100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
109
125
163

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94
89
89

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

41

T a b l e 7 . — UNION

SCALES OF W A G E S PER HOUR AN D PER W E E K AN D OF HOURS OF
L ABOR PER W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PR INCIPAL T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
D E N V E R , COLO .—Continued.
Bricklayers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Carpenters.

Rates of
Relative—
wages—
Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
per Rates
of
Per
of
wages labor
week,
Per
week,
per
full wages per
hour.
full
per week, week,
time.
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

Relative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per
of
Rates
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
time.
week, week,
per
hour.
full
full
time. time.

Cents.

1907.................
7 5 .0
1908.................
75.0
1909.................
75.0
1910.................
75.0
1911................. 75.0
1912.................
75.0
1913.................
75.0
1914.................
75.0
1915.................
75.0
1916................. 87.5
1917................. 87.5
1918................. 100.0
1919................. 100.0

C ents.

$33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
38.50
38.50
44.00
44.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
117
117
133
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
117
117
133
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Compositors, book and job.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

45.8
45.8
45.8
.45.8
52.1
53.1
54.2
54.2
54.2
54.2
54.2
59.4
65.6

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
25.00
25.50
26.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
28.50
31.50

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
114
116
118
118
118
118
118
130
143

100
100
100
100
114
116
118
118
118
118
118
130
143

50.0
55.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
70.0
75.0
87.5

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
47.9
47.9
54.2




21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
23.00
23.00
26.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
109
109
124

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
109
109
124

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
110
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
140
150
175

100
110
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
140
150
175

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
63 3
63.3
63.3
63.3
63.3
63.3
63.3
72.7
72.7

23.00
23.00
25.30
25. 30
28.50
28.50
28.50
28.50
28.50
28.50
28.50
32.70
32.70

46
46
46
46
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
110
110
127
127
127
127
127
127
127
145
145

100
100
110
110
124
124
124
124
124
124
124
142
142

100
100
100
100
98
98
98
98
98
98
98
98
98

Electrotypers: Molders.

Electrotypers: Finishers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

$22.00
24.20
26.40
26. 40
26.40
26. 40
26. 40
26. 40
26. 40
26. 40
30.80
33.00
38.50

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
54.2
54.2
60.4

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25. 00
25.00
25.00
26.00
26.00
29.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
104
104
116

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
104
104
116

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

42

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 7 .—UNION SCALES OF W A G E S PER HOUR A N D PER W E E K A N D OF HOURS OF

LABOR PER W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PORTANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
D E N V E R , COLO.—Continued.

Hod carriers: Brick men.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Pei*
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Hod carriers: Mortar men.
Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
of
per Rates
of
wages labor
week,
Per
per
full wages per
per week, week, hour.
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

C en ts .

34.4
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
43.8
53.1
62.5

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1&12.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

C e n ts.

$15.13
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16. £0
16. 50
16. 50
16. 50
19. 25
23.38
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
127
154
182

100
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
127
154
182

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
m o .................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Per
week,
full
time.

Relative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per
Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
per
full wages per
per week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

23.00
50.0
50.0 io 23.00
25.30
55.0
25.30
55.0
28.50
m .3
28.50
63.3
63.3
28.50
28. 50
63.3
63.3
28.50
28.50
63.3
28.50
63.3
72.7
32.70
32.70
72.7

46
46
46
46
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
110
110
127
127
127
127
127
127
127
145
145

100
100
110
110
124
124
124
124
124
124
124
142
142

100
100
100
100
98
98
98
98
98
98
98
98
98

37.5
40.6
40.6
,40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
46.9
56.3
65.6

$16.50
17. 88
17.88
17. 88
17. 88
17. 88
17. 88
17. 88
17. 88
17. 88
20.63
24. 75
28. 88

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44'
44
44

100
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
125
150
175

100
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
125
150
175

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Machinists, manufacturing and jobbing
shops.
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
42.5
52.0
68.0

20.25
20. 25
20.25
20. 25
20. 25
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.68
24.96
32.64

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
51
48
48

100
100
100
100*
100
107
107
107
107
107
113
139
181

100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
123
161

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94
89
89

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
125
138
170

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

|
Molders, iron.
1907.........
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

44.4
41.7
41.7
41.7
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
50.0
59.4
75.0




24.00
22.50
22.50
22.50
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
28.50
36.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48

100
94
94
94
100
100
100
100
100
100
113
134
169

Painters.
100
94
94
94
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
119
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89
89

1 And a bonus.
0

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
55.0
62.5
68.8
85.0

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22. C
O
22.00
24. 20
*7. 50
30. 25
37.40

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
125
138
170

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

43

T a b l e 7 . — UNION

SCALES OF W AG ES PER HOlTR AN D PER W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
LABO R PER W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO RTANT IN D U ST R IAL CITIES—Continued.

DENVER, COLO.—Concluded.
Plasterers’ laborers.

Plasterers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
of
per Hates
of
wages labor
week,
Per
per
ful-l wages per
per week, week, hour.
time.
hour. full
full
time. time.

V en ts.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910...............
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1514.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919........... .. .

68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
87.5
87.5
87.5

C en ts.

$30.25
30.25
30. 25
30.25
30. 25
30.25
33.00
33,00
33.00
33.00
38.50
38.50
38.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
109
109
109
109
127
127
127

100
100
100
100
100
100
109
109
109
109
127
127
127

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Plumbers and gas fitters.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

27.00
56.3
27.50
62.5
§2.5
27.50
27.50
62.5
27.50
62.5
27.50
62.5
62.5 ' 27.50
62.5
27.50
62.5
27.50
62.5
27.50
33.00
75.0
87.5
38.50
87.5
38.50

48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
133
155
155

100
102
102
102
102
102
102
102
102
102
122
143
143

40.6
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0
59.4
68.8

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0
87.5




27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
33.00
38.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120
140

$17.88
19. 25
19. 25
19. 25
19 25
19. 25
19. 25
19. 25
19. 25
19. 25
22.00
26.13
30.25

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
123
146
169

100
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
123
146
169

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

46.9
46.9
46.9
50.0
53.1
53.1
53.1
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
58.9
68.1

22.50
22.50
22.50
24.00
25. 50
25.50
25.50
27. 00
27. 00
27.00
27.00
28. 25
31.75

4S
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
107
113
113
113
120
120
120
120
126
141

100
100
100
107
113
113
113,
120
120
120
120
126
141

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Structural-iron workers.

Stonecutters.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Per
week,
full
time.

Relative—
Hours
Of
Rates Hours
labor
of
per Rates
of
of
wages labor
week,
per
full wages per
per week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120
140

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
70.0
75.0
87.5

22.00
24.75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
27.50
27. 50
30. 80
33. 00
38.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
125
125
140
150
175

100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
125
125
140
150
175

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

44

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 7 .—UNION SCALES OF W A G E S PER HOUR A N D PER W E E K AN D OF HOURS OF

LABO R PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN THE PRINCIPAL TR A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA NT IN D U S T R IA L CITIES—Continued.
N E W ORLEANS, LA.

Blacksmiths, manufacturing.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Boiler makers, manufacturing.
Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
of
per Rates
of
wages labor
week,
Per
per
full wages per
per week, week, hour.
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.
C en ts.

C ents.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
68.8
80.0

Per
week,
full
time.

$19.50
19. 50
19.50
19.50
19. 50
19. 50
19. 50
19.50
19. 50
19. 50
19.50
33.00
38. 40

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
191
222

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
169
197

•100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89

33.3
33.3
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
43.8
62.5
80.0

$18.00
18.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
30.00
38.40

Bricklayers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.........
1919.................

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.6
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0

30.00
30.00
27. 50
27.50
27. 50
27. 50
27.50
27.50
27. 50
27.50
27.50
27.50
33.00

48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120

39.6
39.6
40.6
41.7
41.7
42.7
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0




19.00
19.00
19.50
20.00
20.00
20.50
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
24.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
103
105
105
108
111
111
111
111
111
111
126

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48

100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
132
188
240

100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
167
213

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89
89

100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
111
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Carpenters.
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
110

100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

Compositors, book and job.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910............... .
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative—
Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
per Rates
of
of
wages labor
week,
full wages per
per
per
week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

100
100
103
105
105
108
111
111
111
111
111
111
126

45.0
45.0
45.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
50.0
60.0

21.60
21.60
21. 60
19. 20
19.20
19. 20
19. 20
19.20
19.20
19. 20
19.20
24.00
28.80

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
111
133

Compositors, daywork, newspapers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
56.0
57.0
57.0
57.0

23.38
23.38
23.38
23.38
23.38
23.38
23.38
23.80
24.23
24.23
24.23

42*
42*
42*
42*
42*
42*
42*
42*
42*
42*
42£

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
102 ’
104
104
104

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
102
104
104
104

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

45

r SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

.*
*-

JION SCALES OF W A G E S PER H O U R AN D PER W E E K AN D OF HOURS OF
R W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
>RTANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
N E W ORLEANS, L A .—Continued.

Granite cutters, inside.
Rates of

Per
Per
hour.

full
time.

33.3
33.3
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
75.0

Rates of

Relative—

Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
of
week,
wages labor
Per
per
full wages per
hour.
per week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

Cents.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.
1918.
1919.

Linotype operators, daywork, newspapers.

10
0
10
0
10
2
10
2
10
2
10
2

$18.00
18.00
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
20. 25
20.25
20. 25

135
135
135
150
150
150
225

2 .0
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
33.00

Per
week,
full
time.

Cents.

10
0
10
0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
43.8
43.8
53.3
53.3
53.3
53.3
53.3
53.3

107
107
107
107
113
113
113

12
2
12
2
12
2

$23.04
23.04
23.04
23.04

10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

11
1
11
1
11
1
11
1
11
1
11
1

2 .0
10
2 .0
10

33.3
33.3
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
43.8
50.0
68.8
80.0

18.00
18.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
24.00
33.00
38.40

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48
48

100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
132
150
207
240

100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
133
183
213

37.5
37.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
50.0
65.0




18.00
18.00
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
24.00
28.60

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44

100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
133
173

10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
91
91
104
104
104
104
104
104

Hours
of
labor
per
week,
full
time.

10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
94
94
94
94
94
94

Molders, iron.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89
89
89

36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
38.9
50.0
62.5
80.0

19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
21.00
24.00
30.00
38.40

Painters.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

91
91

183

Machinists, manufacturing.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.
1918.
1919.

Relative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates
per Rates
of
week,
of
full wages
per
per
week,
time.
hour.
full
time.

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48

100
100
100
100 ‘
100
100
100
100
100
108
139
173
222

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
103
123.
154
197

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89
89

100
100
100
100
100
125
125
125
100
100
117
117
141

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94
94
94

Plasterers.
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
133
159

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
50.0
50.0
62. 5
62.5
75.0

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
30* 00
30.00
30.00
24.00
24.00
28.13
28.13
33.75

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45
45
45

100
100
100
100
100
125
125
125
100
100
125
125
150

46

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAIJ OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 7.—UNION SCALES OF W A G E S PER H OU E AN D PER W E E K A N D OF HOURS OF

LABOR PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL TRA D E S
IN 13 IM PORTANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
N E W O R LEA NS, L A .—Concluded.
Plasterers laborers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Plumbers and gas fitters.

Rates of
Relative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
week,
wages labor
of
Per
week,
per
fu ll wages per
hour.
full
per week, week,
time.
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.
C en ts.

C en ts.

1907................. 27.5
1903................. 32.5
1909................. 32.5
1910................. 32.5
1911................. 32.5
1912................. 32.5
1913................. 32.5
1914................. 32.5
1915................. 32.5
1916................. 32.5
1917................. 28.3
1 28.3
191 8
/ 1 35.0
12
1
191 9
/ 1 35.0
1 45.0
2

$13.20
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
12.75
12.75
15.75
15.75
20.25

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45
45
45
45
45

100
118
118
118
118
118
118
118
118
118
103
103
127
127
164

100
118
118
118
118
118
118
118
118
118
97
97
119
119
153

50.0
100
50.0
100
56.3
100
56.-3
100
56.3
100
100
56.3
100
56.3
100
56.3
56.3
100
56.3
100
56.3
94
94 } 68.8
94
94 | 80.0
94

31.3
82.1
32.1
32.1
32.1
32.1
32.1
43.9
46.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
52.5

15.00
15.42
15.42
15.42
15.42
15.42
15.42
18.42
19.32
21.00
21.00
21.00
25.20

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
42
42
42
42
42
48

100
103
103
103
103
103
103
140
147
160
160
160
168

100
103
103
103
103
103
103
123
129
140
140
140
168

$24.00
24.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
33.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
138

100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
138

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

38.40

48

160

160

100

Structural-iron workers.

Stereotypers, daywork, newspapers.
190 7
190 8
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916........?___
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
time.
pel* week, week,
hour.
full
full
time. time.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
88
88
88
88
88
100

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0
75.0

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
27.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
33.00
33.00

48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
113
125
125
125
125
125
125
150
150

100
100
100
100
113
115
115
115
115
115
115
138
138

100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

N EW YO RK, N. Y .
Blacksmiths, manufacturing and jobbing
shops.
C en te.

Cents.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

40.9
40.9
40.0
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
53.1
53.1
72.5
81.3

$22.08
22.08
22.08
24.00
24,00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.50
25. 50
34.80
39.00

153
153
1 53
1 53
1 53
1 53
1 53
1 53
1 53
48
48
48
48

1 Work 53 hours, paid for 54.




Boiler makers, shopmen.

100
100
100
109
109
109
109
109
109
130
130
177
199

100
100
100
109
109
109
109
109
109
115
115
158
177

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91
91
91

36.1
36.1
36.1
'36.1
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
46.9
49.4
70.0
70.0

$19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
22.50
22.50
22. 50
22.50
22.50
22. 50
23.70
33.60
33.60

1 Plasterers’ laborers, second class.
1

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
115
115
115
115
115
130
137
194
194

100
100
100
100
115
115
115
115
115
115
122
172
172

1 Plasterers’ tenders.
2

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89
89
89

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

47

T able 7*—U NION SCALES OF W A G E S PER HOUR A N D PER W E E K AN D OF HOURS OF
L ABO R PER W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL TRADE S
IN 13 IM PORTANT IN D U ST R IAL CITIES—Continued.
NEW

YORK, N.

Y .—Continued.

Bricklayers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Carpenters, The Bronx and Brooklyn.

Rates of
Relativewages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per
of
Rates
of
Per
of
week,
wages labor
Per
week,
per
full wages per
hour.
full
per week, week,
time.
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.
C ents.

C ents.

1907.................
1.908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
81.3
87.5

$30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
35. 75
38.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
116
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
116
125

56.3
100
56.3
100
56.3
100
56.3
100
56.3
100
56.3
100
100
56.3
100
56.3
100 . 56.3
56.3
* 100
62.5
100
68.8
100
75.0
100

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
68.8
75.0

27.50
27. 50
27. 50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27. 50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.25
30.25
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
110
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
110
120

$24.75
24. 75
24.75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
27.50
30.25
33.00

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50.0
50, 0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
68. 8
75.0

22.00
22.00
22.00
24.75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
27.50
30.25
33.00

Carpenters, Richmond.
1907.................
1908.................
1900.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
62.5
68.8
75.0




22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
27.50
30.25
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
125
138
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
125
138
150

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111
122
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111
122
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
125
138
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
ioa
1G
0
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
112
112
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Carpenters, Queens.

Carpenters, Manhattan.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917 ...............
1918...............
1919.................

RelativeHours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
per week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
125
138
150

Cement finishers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
70.0
70.0
75.0

27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.80
30.80
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
112
112
120

48

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OE LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 7 .—UNION SCALES OF W A G E S PER HOU R A N D PER W E E K A N D OF H OURS OF

LABO R PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL T R A D E S
IN 13 IM POR TANT IN D U ST R IA L -C IT IE S—Continued.
N E W Y O R K , N . Y .—Continued.
Compositors, book and job.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.

Rates of
Relative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
Per
week,
of
wages labor
hour. week,
full wages per
per
full
per week, week,
time.
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

C ents.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

43.8
43.8
43.8
45.9
45.9
47.9
50.0
50.0
50.0
52.1
52.1
58.3
75.0

C ents.

$21.00
21.00
21.00
22.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.00
25.00
28.00
36.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
105
105
110
114
114
114 '
119
119
133
171

100
100
100
105
105
110
114
114
114
119
119
133
171

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.2
62.2
62.2
64.4
64.4
64.4
66.7
66.7
66.7
66. 7
66. 7
71.1
96.7

Electrotypers: Finishers and molders.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

56.3
56. 3
56. 3
56.3
62.5
62. 5
62.5
62.5
65.6
68.8
68. 8
68.8
75.0

24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
27. 50
27. 50
27.50
27. 50
28. 88
30.25
30.25
30.25
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
117
122
122
122
133

100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
117
122
122
122
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

$28.00
28.00
28.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
32.00
43.50

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56. 3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
79.0




24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
27.50
27.50
27. 50
27. 50
27.50
30.25
34.76

44
44
41
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
122
140

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
100
104
104
104
107
107
107
107
107
114
155

100
100
100
104
104
104
107
107
107
107
107
114
155

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Granite cutters, inside.
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
68. 8
79.0

19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
30.25
34. 76

Granite cutters, outside.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
of
week, wages wages labor
full
per
per
per
time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

100
100
37.5
100
100
37.5
100
100
37.5
100 • 100
37.5
100
100
37.5
100
100
37.5
111
100
37.5
100
111
37.5
100
111
37.5
100
111
37.5
111
100
42.5
122
100
47.0
50.0
100 /\ 57.5
140

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
114
157
180

100
100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
114
157.
181

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
113
125
133
153

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Hod carriers.
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
18.70
20.68
22.00
25.30

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
113
125
133
153

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY* 15, 1919.

49

TABLE 7 .—U NION SCALES OF W A G E S PER HOUR A N D PER W E E K AN D OF HOURS OF
LABO R PER W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL TRA DES
IN 13 IM POR TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.

NEW YORK, N. Y.—Continued.
Linotype operators, book and job.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.

Rates of
Relative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
week,
wages labor
of
Per
week,
full wages
per
per
hour.
full
time.
per week, week,
time.
hour.
full
fall
time. time.

C en ts .

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

47.9
47.9
47.9
50.0
50.0
52.1
54.2
54.2
54.2
54.2
54.2
58.3
75.0

C ents.

$22.98
22.98
22.98
24.00
24.00
25. 00
26.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
28.00
36.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

-100
100
100
104
104
109
113
113
113
113
113
122
157

100
100
100
104
104
109
113
113
113
113
113
122
157

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Machinists, manufacturing;and jobbing
shops: Shops A.
1907.................
l'908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
40.6
40.6
40. 6
40. 6
46.9
56.3
75.0
80.0

19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19. 50
19.50
22. 50
27.00
36.00
38.40

54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
112
112
112
112
130
156
207
222

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
115
138
185
197

100
100
100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

36.1
36.1
36.1
38. 9
38. 9
38. 9
38. 9
41. 7
41. 7
41. 7
47.2
52. 8
75.0

19.50
19,50
19.50
21. 00
21. 00
21.00
21. 00
22. 50
22. 50
22. 50
25. 50
28. 50
36.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48

100
100
100
108
108
108
108
115
115
115
131
146
208

172259°— 20— Bull. 274------- 4




62.2
62.2
62.2
64.4
64.4
64.4
66. 7
66.7
66.7
66.7
66.7
71.1
96.7

$28.00
28.00
28.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
32.00
43.50

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
100
104
104
104
107
107
107
107
107
114
155

100
100
100
104
104
104
107
107
107
107
107
114
155

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Machinists, manufacturing and jobbing
shops: Shops B.
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
38.2
40.0
40.0
40.0
46.9
56.3
73.0
73.0

19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19. 50
19.50
22. 50
27.00
35.04
35.04

54
54
54
54
54
51
m

491
49|
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
106
111
111
111 .
130
156
202
202

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
115
138
180
180

100
100
100
100
100
94
91
91
91
89
89
89
89

Painters, Manhattan, The Bronx, Kings,
and Richmond.

Molders, iron.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1<>17.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
week,
wages labor
of
full wages
per
per
time.
per week, week,
hour.
full
full
time. time.

100
100
100
108
108
108
108
115
115
115
131
146
185

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89

50.0
50.0
50.0
50. 0
50.0
50.0
50. 0
50. 0
50. 0
62. 5
62. 5
62.5
75.0

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22. 00
22. 00
22. 00
22. 00
22.00
27. 50
27. 50
27. 50
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
125
125
125
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
125
125
125
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

m

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 7 .—UNION SCALES O F W A G E S PER H OUR A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF

L A B O R PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PR INCIPAL T R A D E S
IN 13 IM POR TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued,
N E W Y O R K , N . Y .—Continued.

Painters, Queens.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Plasterers.

Rates of
Relative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
week,
wages labor
of
Per
week,
full wages
per
per
hour.
full
time.
per week, week.
time.
full
hour.
full
time. time.
C en ts.

C ents.

1907.................
1908 ________
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
191 2
191 3
191 4
1915.................
191©.................
191 7
191 8
1919.................

43.8
43.8
43. $>
43. 8
43.8
50.0
5 0 .0
5 0 .0
5 0 .0

50.0
62.5
62.5
75.0

$19.25
19.25
19.'25
19.25
19.25
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
27. 50
27.50
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
143
143
171

100
100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
143
143
171

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Plasterers’ laborers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911............. .
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
191 7
191 8
191:9.................

37.5
40.6
40.6
40.6
49.6
40.6
40.6
40. G
40.6
43. 8
46.9
56.3
62.5

16.50
17.88
17.88
17-#8
17.. 88
17.88
17.88
17.88
17.88
19.25
20. 63
24.75
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
•0
18
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
117
125
150
167

1919

..........

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
68.8
68. 8
68.8
68.8
68. 8
68. 8
75.0
75.0




27.50
27. 50
27. 50
27. 50
30.25
30.25
30. 25
30. 25
30.25
30. 25
30.25
33.00
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44 ;

100
100
100
100
110
110
110
110
110;
110 1
110
120
120 :

68.8
68.8
§8.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
75.0
75.0
75.0
90.0

$30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
30. 25
30.25
30.25
30.25
33. 00
33.00
33.00
39.60

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
109
109
109
131

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
109
109
109
131

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Plumbers and gas fitters, Brooklyn.
100
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
117
125
150
167

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Plumbers and. gas fitters, Manhattan and
The Bronx.
1997.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
19J3.................
1914,...............
191 5
191 6
1917.................
1918.................

Relative
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per
of
of
Rates
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
time.
per week, week,
hour.
full
full
time. time.

•
100
100
100
100
110
110
110
110
110
110
110
120
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
200
100

59.4
59.4
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
75.0
75.0

26.13
26.13
27.50
27.50
27. 50
30. 25
30. 25
3a 25
30. 25
30. 25
30.25
33.00
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
105
105
105
116
116
116
116
116
116
126
126

100
100
105
105
105
116
116
116
116
116
116
126
126

100
100
1001.00
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
58.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
6 2 .5

£2.5
*66. 7
72.9

27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
32.00
35.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
118
129

100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
118
130

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
1*00
100
100
100
100

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

51

Table 7.—UNION

SCALES OF W AG ES PER HOUR A N D PER W E E K A N D OF HO U RS OF
L ABO R PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN THE PR INCIPAL TRA DES
IN 13 IM PORTANT IN D U ST R IAL CITIES—Continued.
N E W Y O E K , N. Y .—Concluded.

Stonecutters, first class.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
Per
week,
hour.’ full
time.

Stonecutters,:second class.

Rates of
Relative—
Relative—
wages—
Hours
Hours
of
ot
labor
Rates Hours
labor
Rates' Hours
per
Rates
of
of
per Rates
of
of
Per
week,
of
wages labor
of
week,
wages labor
Per
week,
per
full wages per
full wages per
per
full
per week, week, hour.
per week, week,
time.
time.
time.
hour.
full
hour.
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

C ents.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.4
68.8
68-8
68.8
68-8
68.8
84.4

C ents.

$27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.09
30.25
30.25
30.. 25
30.25
30.25
37.13

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
109
110
110
110
110
110
135

100
100
100
100
100
100
109
110
110
110
110
110
135

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62. S
62.5
62.5
68.8
84.4

Stonecutters, third class.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
68.8
84.4

22.00
22.00
22. 00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
27.50
30. 25
37.13

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
113
113
113
125
138
169

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
113
113
113
125
138
169

$24.75
24.75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
27. 50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.25
37.13

44
44
44
44
44
44
44 :
44;
44
44
44
44
44

100 ;
100
100
io o ;
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
122
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
122
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Struetural-iron workers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

60.0
60.0
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
66.3
68.8
80.0
87.5

26.40
26.40
26.40
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
29.(
15
30.25
35.20
38.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100 ;
104
104
104
104
104
104
110
115
133
146

100
100
100
104
104
104
104
104
104
110
115
133
146

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

PH ILAD ELPH IA, PA.
Boiler makers, manufacturing shops.
C en ts .

C e n ts.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
19U.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33:3
50.0
70.0
80.0




Boiler makers, outside.

$15.98
15.98
15.98
15.98
14.65
17.98
16.33
16.33
16.33
16.33
24.00
30. 80
35.20

48
48
48
48
44
54
49
49
49
49
48
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
150
210
240

100
100
100
100
92
113
102
102
102
102
150
193
220

100
100
100
100
92
113
102
102
102
102
100
92
92

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
80.0
90.0

$21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
22.00
22.00
24.00
24.00
22.00
22.00
24.75
35.20
39.60

43
48
48
48
44
44
48
48 !
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
114
129
183
205

100
100
100
100
105
105
114
114
105
105
118
168
189

100
100
100
100
92
92
100
100
92
92
92
92
92

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

52

T a b l e 7 .—UNION SCALES OF W A G E S PER HOUR A N D PER W E E K AN D OF HOURS OF

LABOR PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PRINCIPAL T R A D E S
IN 13 IM POR TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
P H IL A D E L P H IA , P A .—Continued.

Bricklayers.
Rates of
wages—

Per
week,
full
time.

Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
of
per Rates
wages labor
of
week,
Per
per
full wages per
hour.
per week, week,
time.
full
hour.
full
time. time.

C en ts.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
65.0
65.0
65.0
70.0
80.0
80.0

Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Year.
Per
hour.

Carpenters.

$27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
28.60
28.60
28.60
30.80
35. 20
35.20

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
104
104
104
112
128
128

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
104
104
104
112
128
128

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

C en ts.

45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
60.0
70.0
80.0

Cement finishers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
47.5
50.0
50.0
55.0
65.0
72.5

24.30
24.30
24.30
24.30
22. 28
22.28
22.28
25. 65
27.00
22.00
24.20
28.60
31.90

54
54
54
54
49f
49§
49|
54
54
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
111
111
122
144
161

41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
50.0
66.7




20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
24.00
32.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120
160

$19.80
19.80
19.80
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
24.20
24.20
24.20
26.40
30.80
35.20

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
122
122
122
133
156
178

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
122
122
122
133
156
178

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Compositors, book and job.
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
106
111
91
100
118
131

100
100
100
100
92
92
92
100
100
81
81
81
81

37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
30. 6
41.7
41.7
41.7
43.8
50.0
60.4

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Per
week,
full
time.

Relative
Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
per Rates
of
of
wages labor
week,
full w&ges per
per
time. - per week, week,
hour.
full
full
time. time.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120
160

18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
21.00
24.00
29.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
106
111
111
111
117
133
161

100
100
100
100
100
100
106
111
111
111
117
133
161

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Electrotypers: Molders.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

37.0
37.0
37.0
41.7
45.8
45.8
45.8
52.1
52.1
54.1
56.3
64.2
70.0

20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
25.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
30.80
33.60

54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
113
124
124
124
141
141
146
152
174
189

100
100
100
100
110
110
110
125
125
130
135
154
168

100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

TJNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

53

T able 7 .—UN IO N SCALES OF W AG ES PER HOUR A N D PER W E E K A N D OF HOURS OF
LABO R PER W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL TRA DE S
IN 13 IM PO R TA NT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
P H IL A D E L P H IA , P A .—Continued.

Granite cutters, outside.
Rates of
wages—

Hours
of
Rates Hours
labbr
of
of
Rates
per
wages labor
of
week,
Per
per
per
full
hour.
per week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

P er

Per
hour.

week,
fulL
time.

C ents.

$1 1
2 .0
2 .0
11
2 .0
11
2 .0
11
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
20

47.8
47.8
47.8
47.8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
60.0
70.0
80.0

Rates of

Relative—

Year.

1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912
1913
1914.
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919

Hod carriers.

C ents.

100
100
100
100
105
105
105
105
105
105
126
147
167

26.40
30.80
35.20

100
100
100
100
105
105
105
105
105
105
126
147
168

100
100
100

100
100
100
100

100
100

100
100
100
100

Inside wiremen.
1907.
1908.
1909
1910.
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919

45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
56.3
65.0
75.0

21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
19. 80
19.80
19. 80

2 .0
20
24.75
28. 60
33.00

1 48
3
13 48
1 48
3
1 48
3
13 48
13 48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
100
100

100
100

111

125
144
167

45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45. 8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
52.1
66.7




22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00

2 .0
20
2 .0
20

22.00
22.00
25.00
32.00

100

10
0

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
114
146

35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
40.0
45.0
60.0
70.0

$15.40
15.40
15. 40
15.40
15.40
15.40
15.40
15.40
15.40
17.60
19.80
26.40
30.80

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
114
129
171
200

Hours
of
labor
per
week,
full
time.

10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0

100
114
129
171

20
0

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Linotype operators, book and job.
100
100

100
100

10
0
100
92
92
92

100

10
0
100
10
0
100
10
0
92
92

12
0
115
133
153

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911
1912
1913.
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919

Per
week,
full
time.

Relative—
Hours
of
Rates
labor
of
per Rates
of
week,
per
full
per week,
time.
hour.
full
time.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
114
145

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
43.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
47.9
54.2
64.6

2 .0
00
2 .0
00
2 .0
00
20.00
2 .0
00
2 .0
00
2 .0
10
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
23.00
26.00
31.00

100

10
0
100
10
0
100
10
0

105
110
110
110
115
130
155

100

10
0
100
10
0
100
10
0
105

110
110

10
1

115
130
155

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Machinists, manufacturing shops.
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
35.0
45.0
48.0
65.0
72.0

la 44 hours June to September.

18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.90
24. 30
25.92
35.10
38.88

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
105
135
144
195
216

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
105
135
144
195
216

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

54

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 7 .—UNION SCALES O F W A G E S PER HOUR A N D PER W E E K A N D OF HOURS OF

L AB O R PER W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907.TO 1919, IN TH E PR IN CIPAL T R A D E S
IN 13 IM POR TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.

PHILADELPHIA, PA.—Continued.
Molders, iron.
Ra1tes of
waj;es—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Painters.

Rates of
Relative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
Rates
per
of
of *
Per
week, ■ of
wages: labor
Per
week,
full wages per - per
hour.
full
per
week, week,
time.
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

C ents.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

32.2
32.2
32.2
32.2
36.1
36.1
36.1
38.9
38.9
44.4
50.0
68.8
68.8

C en ts.

$17.40
17.40
17.40
17.40
19.50
19.50.
19.50
21.00
21.00
24.00
27.00
33.00
33.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48

100
100
100
100
112
112
112
121
121
138
155
214
214

100
100
100
100
112
112
112
121
121
138
155
190
190

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89

40.0
40.0
40.0
42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
45.0
60.0
75.0

Plasterers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1913.................
1919.................

59.4
59.4
59.4
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
70.0
75.0
80.0

26.13
26.13
26.13
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
25.00
25.00
28.00
30.00
32.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40
40
40
40

100
100
100
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
118
126
135

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
62.5
80.0




19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
24. 75
27.50
35.20

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
114
129
143
183

$17.60
17.60
17.60
18.70
18.70
18. 70
18.70
18.70
18. 70
18.70
19. 80
26.40
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
106
108
106
106
105
106
106
113
150
188

100
100
100
106
106
106
106
106
106
106
113
150
188

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
101
91
97
104
143

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91
91
100

Plasterers’ laborers.
100
100
100
105
105
105
105
105
96
96
107
115
122

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91
91
91
91

Plumbers and gas fitters, Union A.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per
Rates
of
of .
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
per week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
.114
114
129
143
183

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
44.0
44.0
46.9
50.0
62.5

19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.36
17.60
18. 75
20.00
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40
40
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
114
143

Plumbers and gas fitters, Union B.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43 8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
56.3
62.5
80.0

19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
24.75
27.50
35.20

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
129
143
183

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
129
143
183

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

55

7 .—UN IO N SCALES OF W A G E S PER HOUR AN D PER W E E K AN D OF HO U R S OF
LABOR PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PR INCIPAL TR A D E S
IN 13 IM POR TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.

T a b le

P H IL A D E L P H IA , P A .—Concluded.

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
week,
full
time.

Per
hour.

Stonecutters, inside.

Rates of
Relativewages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per
Rates
of
of
Per
of
week,
wages labor
Per
week,
per
per
full wages
hour.
full
per
week, week,
time.
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

C ents.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

37.5
37.5
37.5
40.6
40.6
40.6
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
52.1
56.3

C en ts.

$20.25
20.25
20.25
19.50
19.50
19.50
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
25.00
27.00

54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
~48

100
100
100
108
108
108
117
117
117
117
117
139
150

100
100
100
96
96
96
104
104
104
104
104
124
133

100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
8989

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
53.0
56.3
56.3
65.0
65.0
82.5

Stonecutters, outside.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

RelativeHours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per
Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per
per
time.
per week, week,
hour.
full
full
time. time.

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
23.32
27.50
27.50
30.80
30.80
40.70

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
•50.0
53.0
62.5
62.5
70.0
70.0
92.5

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
125
125
140
140
185

$22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
23.32
24.75
24.75
28.60
28.60
36.30

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
113
113
130
130
165

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
113
113
130
130
165

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Structural-iron workers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
125
125
140
140
185

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
70.0
92.5
92.5

24.75
24. 75
24.75
24. 75
24.75
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
30.80
40.70
40.70

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
124
164
164

100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
124
164
164

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

PITTSBURGH, PA.
Boiler makers, manufacturing and jobbing
shops.

Blacksmiths, manufacturing shops.

C en ts.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

27.8
30.6
30.6
30.6
30.6
33.3
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
46.9
57.5
70.0

C ents.

$15.00
16. 50
16.50
16.50
16.50
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
22.50
27.60
33.60




54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
110
110
110
110
120
135
135
135 1
135
169
207 !
252 i
!

100
110
110
110
110
120
120
120
120
120
145
184
224

100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
36.7
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
44.0
46.0
60.0
66.0

$18.90
18.90
18.90
18.90
19.80
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
22.00
23.00
30.00
33.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
50
50
50
50

100
100
100
100
105
114
114
114
114
126
131
171
189

100
100
100
100
105
114
114
114
114
116
122
159
175

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
93
93
93
93

56

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T AfeLE 7 . — UNION

SCALES OF W AG ES PER HOUR A N D PER W E E K AN D OF HOURS OF
L ABO R PER W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL T R A D ES
IN 13 IM POR TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
PIT T SB U R G H , P A .—Continued.

Bricklayers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Carpenters.

Rates of
Relative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
week,
of
wages labor
Per
week,
per
full wages
per
hour.
full
per
week, week,
time.
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages
per
per
per week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

C en ts .

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915 . .
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

60.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
75.0
75.0
90.0

C en ts.

$26.40
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
33.00
33.00
39.60

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
108
108
108
108
108
117
117
117
117
125
125
150

100
108
108
1
108
108
108
117
117
117
117
125
' 125
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

33.3
33.3
33.3
35.4
37.5
39.6
39.6
41.7
41.7
43.8
43.8
47.9
60.4

16.00
16.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
19.00
20.00
20.00
21.00
21.00
23.00
29.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
106
113
119
119
125
125
131
131
144
181

100
100
100
106
113
119
119
125
125
131
131
144
181

43.8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
55.0
56.3
62.5
62.5
71.0
71.0
80.0

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
61.0
65.0
77.0

33.3
38.9
38.9
38.9
41.2
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
45.8
45.8
45.8




18.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
22.00
22.00
22.00

54
54
54
54
51
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
117
117
117
124
131
131
131
131
131
138
138
138

100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
122
122
122

48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
114
114
114
114
114
126
129
143
143
162
162
183

100
114
114
114
105
105
115
118
131
131
149
149
168

100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

24.00
24.00
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.45
29.25
34.65

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
110
110
110
110
110
120
120
120
122
130
154

100
100
110
110
110
110
110
113
113
113
114
122
144

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94
94
94
94
94
94

Electrotypers:. Molders.

Electrotypers: Finishers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

$21.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
22.00
22.00
24.20
24.75
27. 50
27.50
31.24
31.24
35.20

Oompositors, daywork, newspaper.

Compositors, book and job.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912...............•
.
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative—

100
100
100
100
94
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

38.9
44.4
44.4
44.4
47.1
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
52.1
53.1
53.1

21.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.00
25.50
25.50

54
04
54
54
51
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
114
114
114
121
129
129
129
129
129
134
137
137

100
114
114
114
114
114
114
114
114
114
119
121
121

100
100
100
100
94
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1919.

57

T a b le 7 .—UN IO N SCALES OF W AG ES PER HOUR A N D PER W E E K AN D OF HOURS OF

LABO R PER W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL TRA D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA NT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
P IT T S B U R G H , P A .—Continued.

Hod carriers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Linotype operators, daywork, newspapers.

Rates of
Relative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
of
week,
wages labor
Per
week,
per
full wages per
full
per week, week, hour.
time.
time.
hour.
full
fuir
time. time.

C ents.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915........... .
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
45.0
45.0
55.0
60.0

C ents.

$16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
17.60
17.60
17.60
19.80
19.80
24.20
26.40

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
1(M
)
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
120
120
147
160

100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
120
120
147
160

100
100
100
100 <
k
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
61.0
65.0
77.0

$24.00
24.00
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.45
29.25
34.65

Machinists, manufacturing shops.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

30.0
30.0
30.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
50.0
55.0

16.20
16.20
16.20
18.90
18.90
18.90
18.90
18.90
18.90
18.90
27.00
29.70

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
167
183

100
100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
167
183

42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
50.0
52.5
55.0
56.3
58.1
58.1
65.0
67.5
87.5




20.40
20.40
20 40
20.40
22.00
23.10
24. 20
24.75
25 58
25.58
28.60
29.70
38.50

48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
118
124
129
132
137
137
153
159
206

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
110
110
110
110
110
120
120
120
122
130
154

100
100*
110
110
110
110
110
113
113
113
114
122
144

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94
94
94
94
94
94

100
100
93
100
100
107
114
114
114
114
114
150
171

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89
89

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
122
128
133
133
133
151

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Molders, iron.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

38.9
38.9
36.1
38.9
38.9
41.7
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
50.0
65.6
75.0

21.00
21.00
19.50
21.00
21.00
22.50
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
31. 5Q
36.00

Painters.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
of
of
per Rates
of
week,
wages labor
per
full wages per
per week, week,
time;
hour.
full
full
time. time.

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48

100
100
93
100
100
107
114
114
114
114
129
169
193

Plasterers.
100
100
100
100
108
113
119
121
125
125
140
146
189

100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
71.9
75.0
75.0
75.0
85.0

24.75
24.75
24.75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.25
31.63
33.00
33.00
33.00
37.40

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
.111
111
111
111
122
128
133
133
133
151

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

58

7 .—UNION SCALES OF W A G E S PER H O U R AN D PER W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
LABO R PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN THE PRINCIPAL TR A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.

T a b le

PIT T SB U R G H , P A .—Concluded.

Stereotypcrs, daywork, newspaper.

Plumbers and gas fitters.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
week,
full
time.

Per
hour.

Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
Per
per
per
full
hour.
per week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

C en ts.

1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.
1918.
1919.

full
time.

C en ts.

50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5

€8.8
6 .8
8
75.0
75.0
93.8

m oo
24.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
27. 50
27.50
30. 25
30.25
33.00
33.00
41.25

100

100
113
113
113
125
125
125
138
138
150
150
188

100

100
113
113
113
125
115
115
126
126
138
138
172

42.5
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
45.0
46.9
46.9
46.9
48.4
50.0
50.0
54.2

100
100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

Stonecutters.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.
1918.
1919.

Per
week,

RelativeHours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
per
per
full wages
per week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full •
time. time.

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
55.0
56.3
62.5
62.5
66.0
75.0

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
24.20
24.75
27.50
27.50
29.04
33.00 •

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

$20.40

2 .0
10
2 .0
10
2 .0
10
2 .0
10

21.60
22.50
22.50
22.50
23.25
24.00
24.00
26.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
103
103
103
103
106
110
110

10
1
114
118
118
128

10
0
103
103
103
103
106
110
110
110
114
118
118
127

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

10
0
10
0
100
100

Structural-iron workers.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
113
125
125
132
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
113
125
125
132
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
7a 0
87.5
100.0

24.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
24.75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30. 80
38.50
44.00

48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
113
113
113
113
113
125
125
125
125
140
175
200

100
113
113
113
113
103
115
115
115
115
128
160
183

100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

ST. LOUIS, MO.
Blacksmiths, manufacturing shops.

Boiler makers, manufacturing shops.

C e n ts .

1907...............
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

C en ts.

$18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
21.60
27.00
38. 40

33.*S
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
40.0
50.0
80.0

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120
150
240

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120
150
213

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89

35.0
35.0
38.0
38.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
4a 0
40.0
40.0
40.0
50.0
70.0

$18.90
18.90
20. 52
20.52
21. 60
21. 60
1 19. 80
4
1 19. 80
4
19. 80
H 19. 80
H 19. 80
24.00
33.60

54
54
54
54
54
54
1 491
4
1 49*
4
1 49*
4
1 49J
4
1 49J
4
48
48

1 54 hours and $21.60 per week, September to April, inclusive.
4




100
100
109
109
114
114
114
114
114
114
114
143
200

100
100
109
109
114
114
105
105
105
105
105
127
178

100
100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
89
89

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

59 '

UNION SCALES OF W AG ES PER HOUR AN D PER W E E K A N D OF HO U RS OF
LABOR PER W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL T R A D E S
IN 13 IM POR TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.

T a b le 7 .—

ST . LOUIS, MO.—Continued.
Bricklayers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Carpenters.

Rates of
Relative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
wages labor
week,
of
Per
week,
per
full wages per
hour.
full
per week, week,
time.
time.
full
hour.
full
time. time.

Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
Rates
per
of
of
of
week,
wages labor
per
per
full wages
per
week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

C en ts .

C ents.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

65.0
65.0
65.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
85.0
100.0

$28.60
28.60
28.60
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
37.40
44.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
108
108
108
108
115
115
115
115
131
154

100
100
100
100
100
108
108
115
115
115
115
131
154

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

55.0
55.0
60.0
6a 0
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
65.0
70.0
82.5

Cement finishers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

57.5
57.5
57.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
6a 0
60.0
60.0
62.5
62.5
75.0
82.5

25.30
25.30
25.30
27.50
27.50
27.50
26.40
26.40
26.40
27.50
27.50
33.00
36.30

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
109
109
109
104
104
104
109
109
130
143

50.5
50.5
50.5
50.5
50.5
58.7
58.7
58.7
58.7
58.7
63.4
63.4
63.4




23.25
23.25
23.25
23.25
23.25
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
29.16
29.16
29.16

46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46

100
100
100
100
100
116
116
116
116
116
125
125
125

$24.20
24.20
26.40
26.40
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
28.60
30.80
36.30

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
109
109
114
114
114
114
114
114
117
128
150

100
100
109
109
114
114
114
114
114
114
118
127
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Compositors, book and job.
100
100
100
109
109
109
104
104
104
109
109
130
143

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

38.0
38.0
38.0
41.7
42.7
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
45.8
47.9
52.7
52.7

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative—

100
100
100
100
100
no
116
116
116
116
125
125
125

18.24
18.24
18.24
20.00
20. 50
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
25.30
25.30

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
no
112
115
115
115
115
121
126
139
139

100
100
100
no
112
115
115
115
115
121
126
139
139

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Eleetrotypers: Finishers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

39.0
39.0
42.0
42.0
42.0
42.0
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
47.9
55.0
55.0

19.50
19.50
21.00
21.00
21.00
21. t)0
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
23.00
26.40
26.40

50
50
50
50
50
50
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
108
108
108
108
117
117
117
117
123
141
141

100
100
108
108
108
108
113
113
113
113
118
135
135

100
100
100
100
100
100
96
96
96
96
96
96
96

60

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 7 . — UNION

SCALES OF W A G E S PER HO UR A N D PER W E E K AN D OF HOURS OF
LABO R PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL TRA DES
IN 13 IM PO R TA NT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
S T . LOUIS, MO.— Continued.
Gas fitters.

Electrotypers: Molders.
Rates of
wages—

Year.
Per
Per
hour.

C e n ts .

1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911
1912.
1913.
1914
1915
1916.
1917.
1918.
1919.

42.0
42.0
44.0
44.0
44.0
44.0
47.9
47.9
47.9
47.9
60.0
57.3
57.3

full
time.

Rates of
wages—

Relative—
Hours
of
Rates
labor
per
of
Rates
week,
of
full
wages per
per
week,
time.
full
hour.
time.

10
0
10
0

$1 0
2 .0
2 .0
10
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
20

105
105
105
105
114
114
114
114
119
136
136

23.00
23.00
23.00
23.00
24.00
27.50
27.50

10
0
10
0
105
105
105
105

10
1
10
1
10
1
10
1
114
131
131

Hours
of
labor
Per
per
week, hour.
full
time.

10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
96
96
96
96
96
96
96

C e n ts.

62.5
66.3
66.3
66.3
66.3
66.3
66.3
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0

Granite cutters, inside.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
60.0
75.0

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
26.40
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120
150

37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
47.5
47.5
47.5
47.5
55.0
65.0




16.50
16.50
16.50
16. 50
18. 70
18.70
18.70
20.90
20.90
20.90
20.90
24.20
28.60

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
113
113
113
127
127
127
127
147
173

100
100
100
100
113
113
113
127
127
127
127
147
173

10
0

10
0

10
2
10
2
10
2
10
2
10
2
10
2

$27.50
29.15
29.15
29.15
29.15
29.15
29.15
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00

10
2
10
2
10
2
10
2
10
2
10
2

106
106
106
106
106
106

106
106
106
106
106
106

10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0

Granite cutters, outside.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
70.0
87.5

Hod carriers: Brick men.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912,...............
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Per
week,
full
time.

Relative
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per
Rates
of
of
week,
wages labor
of
full wages per
per
per
week, week,
time.
full
full
hour.
time. time.

24.75
24. 75
24. 75
‘ 24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
30.80
38.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
124
155

100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107,
107
124
156

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Hod carriers: Mortar men.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
55.0
65.0

17.60
17.60
17.60
17.60
19.80
19.80
19.80
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
24.20
28.60

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
*44
44
44

100
100
100
100
113
113
113
125
125
125
125
138
163

100
100
100
100
113
113
113
125
125
125
125
138
163

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

61

UNION SCALES OF W AG ES PER H O U R A N D PER W E E K A N D OF HOURS OF
LABO R PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL TR A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA NT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.

T a b l e 7 .—

ST. LOUIS, MO.— Continued.
Linotype operators, book and job.
Rates of
wages—

Year.
Per
hou~.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1 9 1 7 ... :.. ... .
1918.................
1919.................

Per
week,
full
time.

Machinists, manufacturing shops.

Rates of
Relative—
wages—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per
Of
of
Rates
Per
week,
of
wages labor
Per
week,
full wages per
per
full
hour.
time.
per
week, week,
time.
full
full
hour.
time. time.

C e n ts.

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
52.1
54.2
59.6
63.8

C en ts.

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

$24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
28.60
30.60

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
104
108
119
128

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
104
108
119
128

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

30.0
33.0
33.0
33.0
33.0
33.0
33.0
37.0
37.0
37.0
44.0
60.0
70.0

$16.20
17.82
17. 82
17.82
17.82
17.82
17.82
19.98
19.98
19.98
23.76
28.80
33.60

35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
37.2
37.2
38.9
38.9
38.9
41.7
50.0
61.1
75.0

18.90
18.90
18.90
18.90
20.00
20.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
22.50
27.00
33.00
36.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48

100
100
100
100
106
106
111
111
111
119
143
175
214

100
100
100
100
106
106
111
111
111
119
143
175
190

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89

50.0
50.0
50.0
52.5
55.0
55.0
57.5
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0
75.0

Plasterers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
87.5
100.0

33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
38.50
44.00 ,




44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
117
133

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48

100
110
110
110
110
110
110
123
123
123
147
200
233

100
110
110
no
110
no
110
123
123
123
147
178
207

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89

100
100
100
105
110
110
115
120
125
125
125
150
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
139
167

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Painters.

Molders, iron.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916____ ____
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per
Rates
of
of
week,
of
wages labor
full
per
wages
per
per
time.
week, week,
full
hour.
full
time time.

22.00
22.00
22.00
23.10
24.20
24.20
25.30
26.40
27.50
27.50
27.50
33.00
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
105
110
110
115
120
125
125
125
150
150

Plasterers’ laborers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
117
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
75.0

19.80
19.80
19.80
19.80
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24. 75
24.75
24.75
27.50
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
125
125
125
125
125
125
125
139
167

62

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,

T a b le 7.—U NION SCALES OF W A G E S PER H O U R AN D PE R W E E K A N D OF HOURS OF

L A B O R PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PRINCIPAL TR A D E S
IN 13 IM P O R TA N T IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.

ST. LOUIS, MO.—Concluded.
Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.

Plumbers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Rates of
RelativeRelativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
labor
Rates Hours
labor
Rates Hours
per
per
Rates
of
Rates
of
of
of
Per
week,
week,
wages labor
wages labor
of
Pf
Per
week,
per
full
full wages per
per
wages: per
hour.
full
per
week, week.
time.
per
week. week,
time.
time. !
hour.
hour.
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.
C e n ts.

C e n ts.

1907-...............
1908.................
1999.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

62.5
66.3
66.3
66.3
66.3
66.3
66.3
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
81.3
100.0

$27.50
29.15
29.15
29.15
29.15
29.15
29.15
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
35.75
44.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
106
106
106
106
106
106
120
120
120
120
130
160

100
loe
106
106
106
106
106
120
120
120
120
130
160

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

46.9
46,9
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
53.8
53.8
53.8
57.5
57.5
62.5
66.9

Stonecutters.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.............
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
70.0
85,0

24.75
24.75
24. 75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.80
37.40

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
io o ;
100
111
111
111
111
124
151

$22.50
22.50
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.80
25.80
25.80
27.60
27.60
30.00
32.10

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
107
107
107
107
115
115
115
123
123
133
143

100
100
107
107
107
107
115
115
115
123
123
133
143

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Structural-iron workers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
124
151

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
IO
O
100

60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
67.5
70.0
80.0
92.5

26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
29.70
30.80
35.20
40.70

44
44
44
44
44
44 ;
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
108
108
108
108
108
113
117
133
154

100
100
100
100
108
108
108
108
108
113
117
133
154

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.
Boiler makers , manufacturing and jobbing
shops.

Blacksmiths, maaufeeturing shops.

C en ts.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1918.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

44.4
44.4
45.7
48.5
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
72.5
80.0




C en ts.

$24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
*24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
34.80
35.20

54
54
52£
49£
48
48 .
48
48
48
48
48
48
44

100
100
103 1
109
113
113
113 ;
113
113
113
113
163
180

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
145
147

100
100
97
92
89
89
89
<89

89
89
89
89
81

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
53.1
53.1
72.5
80.0

$27.00
27.00
26.25
24.75
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.50
25. 50
34.80
35.^0

54
54
52£
49|
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
106
145
160

100
100
97
92
89
89
89
89
89
94
94
129
130

100
100
97
92
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
81

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

63

T a b le 7 ,—U NION SCALES OF W AG ES PER HOU R A N D PER W E E K A N D OF HO U R S OF

LABOR PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PR IN CIPAL TR A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
SAN F RANCISCO, C A L IF .—Continued.

Bricklayers.

Carpenters.

Rates of
RelativeRelativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
labor
labor
Rates Hours
Rates Hours
per
per
Rates
Rates
of
of
of
Of
Per
Per
week,
week,
wages labor
wages’ labor
of
of
week,
week,
Per
full wages per
full wages per
per
per
full
hoar. . full
time.
time.
per
per
week, week.
week, week,
time.
time.
full
hour.
hour.
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time-

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

C e n ts .

1907................. 87.5
19®................. 87.5
1909................. 87.5
1910................. 87.5
1911................. 87.5
1912................. 87.5
1913................. 87.5
1914................. 87.5
1915................. 87.5
87.5
1916.................
1917................. 87.5
1918................. 100.0
1919................. 112.5

C e n ts.

$38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
44.00
49.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
114
129

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
114
129

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
75.0
87.5

Cement finishers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1918.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919................

75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
87.5
100-0

36.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
38. 50
44.00

48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
117
133

1914.............

1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
191$.................
1919.................

60.0
60.0
64.4
64.4
64.4
64.4
64.4
64.4
69.0
69.0
69.0
68.9
75.6




27.00
27.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29. D
O
31.00
34.00

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
42
42
42
45
45

100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
115
115
115
115
126

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
120
140

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
120
140

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Compositors, book and job.
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
107
122

100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
1907.................
1903.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................

$27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.25
33.00
38.50

100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
115
126

50.0
50.0

sa 0
sa 0
50.0
50.0

50.0
5a o

50.0
52.6
54.2
58; 3
62.5

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.25
26.00
28.00
30.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48 ;
48
48
48
48
48
48

100

100

100
100
100
100
100

100

100
105
108
117
125

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100

100

105
108
117
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Electrotypers: Finishers and molders.

100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
93
93
93
100
100

50.0

5a 0
50.0
50.0
53.1
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.50
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
30.00

48
48
48
48;
48
48
48
48
48
48
48 ;
48
48

100

100

100
100
100

100
100
100

113
113
113
113
113
113
125
125 ;

113
113

106

106

1
13

113
113
113
125
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

64

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 7 .—UNION SCALES OF W A G E S PER H O U R AN D PER W E E K A N D OF HOURS OF

LABO R PER W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL TRA D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.—Continued.
Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.

Hod carriers.
Rates of
wages—

Year.
Per
week,
full
time.

Per
hour.

Rates of
Relative—
Relative—
wages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
labor
labor
Rates Bours
Rates Hours
per
per
Rates
Rates
of
of
of
♦of
Per
week,
week,
wages labor
wages labor
of
of
Per
week,
full
full wages per
per
per
wages per
full
hour.
time.
time.
per
per
week, week,
week. week,
time.
full
hour.
full
full
full
hour.
time. time.
time. time.

C e n ts.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
62.5
75. 0

$22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
27.50
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

Cent's.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
125
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
125
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

60.0
60.0
64.4
64.4
64.4
64.4
64.4
64.4
69.0
69.0
69.0
68.9
75.6

$27.00
27.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
31.00
34.00

Machinists, manufacturing shops.
1907.................
1908.:.............
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

38.9
38.9
40. 0
42. 4
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50. 0
50. 0
72.5
80.0

21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
24.00
24.00
34.80
35.20

54
54
52*
49*
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44

100
100
103
109
113
113
113
113
113
129
129
186
206

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
114
114
166
168

50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
59.4
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0
87.5




24.00
24.00
24.00
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24.75
26.13
27.50
27.50
27. 50
33.00
38.50

48
48
4$
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
113
113
113
113
119
125
125
125
150
175

100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
115
115
115
115
126

100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
115
126

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
93
93
93
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
145
147

100
100
97
92
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
81

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91
104
117

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91
91
91

Molders, iron.
100
100
97
92
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
81

44.4
44.4
45.7
48.5
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50. 0
50. 0
53.1
72.5
80.0

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25. 50
34.80
35.20

Painters.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
42
42
42
45
45

54
54
52*
49£
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44

100
100
103
109
113
113
113
113
113
113
120
163
180

Plasterers.
100
100
100
103
103
103
103
109
115
115
115
138
160

100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
100.0
112. 5

38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.5038. 50
35.00
35.00
40.00
45.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40
40
40

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
114
129

UNION SCALE 03? WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

65

T a b le 7 .— UNION SCALES OF W A G E S PER HOUR AN D PER W E E K A N D OF HOURS OF

LABO R PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PRINCIPAL TR A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TA NT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
SAIT FRANCISCO, C A L IF .—Concluded.

Plasterers laborers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Plumbers and gas fitters.
Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per
Rates
of
of
Per
wages labor
of
week, week.
Per
full
waeres per
per
full
time.
per
week, week, hour.
time.
full
full
hour.
time. time.

C e n ts .

1907............... :
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
87.5

C e n ts.

$27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.25
38.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
140

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
no
140

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.5
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
81.3
87.5
100.0

$27.50
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
35.75
38.50
44.00

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

53.3
53.3
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
66.7
66.7
66.7
66.7
66.7
73.3

24.00
24.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
33.00

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

45
45

45

100
100
113
113
113
113
113
125
125
125
125
125
138

100
100
113
113
113
113
113
125
125
125
125
125
138

30.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
38.50
44.00

48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
120
120
120
120
120
140
160

172259°—20—Bull.-274------ 5




100
92
92
92
92
92
110
110
110
110
110
128
147

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
130
140
160

100
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
130
140
160

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
112
112
112
112
112
112
160

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Stonecutters.
100
62.5
100
62.5
100
62.5
100
62.5
100
62.5
100
62.5
100
70.0
100,„ 70.0
100® 70.0
100
70.0
100
70.0
100
70.0
100 100.0

Structural-iron workers.
1907................. 62.5
1908................. 62.5
1909................. 62.5
1910................. 62.5
1911................. 62.5
1912................. 62.5
1913................. 75.0
1914................. 75.0
1915................. 75.0
1916................. 75.0
1917................. 75.0
1918................. 87.5
1919................. 100.0

Relative—

Hours
Of
labor
Rates Hours
per
Rates
of
of
Per
wages labor
of
week, week.
full wages per
per
full
time.
per
week, week,
time.
full
hour.
full
time. time.

100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
44.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
112
112
112
112
112
112
160

66

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
V.

T a b le 7 .— UNION SCALES OF W A G E S PER H O U R A N D P ER W E E K A N D OF HOURS OF

LABO R PER W E E K IN M AY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN TH E PR IN CIPAL T R A D E S
IN 13 IM PO R TANT IN D U ST R IA L CITIES—Continued.
SE A T TL E , W A S H .

Boiler makers, manufacturing and
jobbing shops.
Rates of
wages—
Year.

Per
hour.

Bricklayers.

Rates of
wages—

Relative-

Hours
of
Rates
labor
Rates
per
of
Per
wages
week.
of
week,
full wages per
full
per
week,
time. time. hour.
full
time.

Hours
of
labor
Per
per
week, hour.
full
time.

38.9
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
75.0
80.0

$18.66
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
27.00
36.00
35.20

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44

100
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
145
193
206

100
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
145
193
189

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92

75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
81.3
100.0
112.5

62.5
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
65.0
82.5
93.8

27.50
22.00
22.00
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
28.60
36.30
37.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40

100
80
80
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
104
132
150

100
80
80
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
104
132
136

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
53.1
53.1
53.1
53.1
53.1
53.1
56.3
59.4
75.0




24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.50
25.50
25.50
25.50
25.50
25.50
27.00
28.50
36.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
106
106
106
106
106
106
113
119
150

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
108
133
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
108
133
136

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91

100
100
100
100
106
106
106
106
106
106
131
119
150

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
81.3
100.0

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
33.00
39.00
40.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
40

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
no
130
160

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
130
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
83

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.

Compositors, book and job.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910...............;
1911.............
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

$33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
35.75
44.00
45.00

Cement finishers.

Carpenters.
1907.................
1908.................
1909...............
1910...............
1911.................
191 2 ...............
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Hours
of
labor
per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

C en ts.

1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative—

Hours
of
labor
Rates
per
Rates
of
Per
week,
wages
of
week,
full wages per
full
per
time. time. hour. week,
full
time.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

64.3
64.3
64.3
64.3
71.4
71.4
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
78.6
80.1
100.0

27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
30.00
31.50
31.50
31.50
31.50
33.00
33.66
42.00

42
42
42
42

100
100
100
100

42

111
111
117

42
42
42
42
42
42
-42
42

117
117
117
122
125
156

100
100
100
100
111
111
117
117
117
117
122
125
156

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

UNION SCALE OE W
A131&S AND HOUKS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

67

Ts^EliE 7 .—UN IO N SCALE-8 OF W A G E S PER H O U R A N D PER W E E K A N D OF H O U R S OF
L ABO R PEfi, W E E K IN M A Y OF H A € H YEAR,, 1907 TO 191®, IN TH E PSINiCIPAL TR A D E S
IN 13 IM POR TANT IN D U ST R IA L GLTIxES—OoDjfcmued.

SEATTLE, WASH— Continued.
Eleetuotjpers: Finishers and molders.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
tioor.

Par
week,
fuH
time.

Granite cutters, inside.
Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
oT
labor
Rates H o r n s
of
per Rates
of
Ber
wagses taker
of
week,
Per
fu n
wages p«r
per
hour. i fa n '
per > weefc.1 wfiek,.
time.
time.
full
hour.
fuH
time. time.
C e n ts.

V e n ts .

I9G7.................
1908.................
i m ........... .
1910.................
m i .................
1912.................
m s .................
1914.................
ffiL5.................
m o ........... . . .
1917.................
191K.................
1919.................

46.9
47.9
47.9
§2.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
§2.1
§6.7
27.-8

$22.50
23.00
23.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25,00
25.00
25*00
25.00
25.00
80.00
35.00

4848
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

45
45

100
m

102
111
111
111
111
111

100
102
102
111
111
111
111
111

111

HI

111

111
111
133
156

111
142
166

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94
94

Hod carriers.
1907.................
19D8.................
1900.................
I§10.................
i m .................
iai 2 .................
1918.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919...........

43.8
43.8
48.8
43.8
43.8
43-8
43.8
48.8
48.8
43.8
50.0
62.5
75.0

21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
22.00
27.50
30.00

48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
40

100
100
100
190
100
100
100
100
100
100
114
143
171

56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62-5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0
87.5

824-75
27,50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27-50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.. 50
33.00
38.50

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
46.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
75.0
80.0




21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
24.00
36.00
35.20

54
54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44

100
100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
125
188
200

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100 •
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
133
155

100
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
133
156

100
160
100
100
100
160
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
,92
92
92
105
131
143

100
100
100
100
92
92
92
Q2

92
92
92
92
83

64.3
64.3
64.3
64.3
71.4
71.4
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
78.6
80.1
100.0

27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
30.00
31.50
31.50
31.50
31.50
33.00
33.66
42.00

Maehini6tsym£aaufacturing and Jobbing shops.
19Q7.................
1908.................
1909.........
1910.........
u a i.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

ReflativeHours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of . *©
f
w eek ,
wages labor
of
m i
wages. per
per
per ; week, week,
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111
167
163

100
100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
81

42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42

100
100
100
100
111
111
117
117
117
117
.122
125
156

100
100
100
100
111
111
117
117*
117
117
122 '
125
156

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
113
165
160

100
100
100
.100
100
190
100
100
100
100

Molders, iron.
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
56.3
82.5
87.5

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
27.00
39.60
38.50

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48
44

100
100
100
100 ,
100
100
100
100
100
100
127
186
197

m
m
m

68

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table

7 .—U NION SCALES OF W A G E S PER H O U R A N D PER W E E K A N D OF fiO U R S OF
L A B O R PER W E E K IN M A Y OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 TO 1919, IN T H E PR IN CIPAL TRA DE S
IN 13 IM P O R TA N T IN D U S T R IA L CITIES—Concluded.
S E A T T L E , W A S H .—Concluded.

Painters.

Plasterers.

Rates of
Relativewages—
Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
Rates
per
of
of
Per
Per
wages labor
week,
of
week,
week,
Per
wages per
per
full
full
full
per
week, week, hour.
time.
time.
time.
hour.
full
full
time. time.

Rates of
wages-—

Year.
Per
hour.

C e n ts .

C e n ts.

1907.................
1908.................

56.3
56.3

$24.75
24.75“

1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
65.0
75.0
90.0

24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
28.60
30.00
36.00

100
44
44
100
44
100
1909.................
44
100
44
100
44
100
44
100
44
100
44
100
44
100
44
115
40
133
40
160

100
100
100
56.3
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
116
121
145

100
81.3
100
75.0
100
24.75 75.0
75.0
100
75.0
100
100
75.0
100
75.0
75.0
100
75.0
100
75.0
100
100
87.5
91 100.0
91 112.5

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
62.5
75.0
87.5

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
27.50
33.00
35.00

48
48
48
48
44
44.
44
44
44
44
44
44
40

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
125
150
175

100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
115
138
146

100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
83

62.5
68.8
81.3
81.3
81.3
81.3
81.3
75.0
75.0
75.0
81.3
90.0
100.0

Stereotypers, daywork, newspapers.
1907................. 50.0
1908............... . 53.1
1909................. 53.1
1910................. 56.3
1911................. 64.3
1912................. 64.3
1913................. 67.9
1914................. 67.9
1915................. 69.8
1916................. 69.8
1917................. 76.4
1018................. 78.0
1919............... 100.0




24.00
25.50
25.50
27.00
27.00
27.00
28.50
28.50
30.00
30.00
32.10
32.76
42.00

48
48
48
48
42
42

42
42
43
43
42
42
42

100
106
, 106
113
129
129
136
136
140
140
153
156
200

$35.75
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40
40
40

100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
108
123
138

100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
84
98
112
126

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91
91
91

Plumbers and gas fitters.

Plasterers’ laborers.
1907.................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917.................
1918.................
1919.................

Relative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per
Rates
of
of
week,
wages labor
of
full
wages per
per
per
time.
week, week,
hour.
full
full
time. time.

100
106
106
113
113
113
119
119
125
125
134
137
175

27.50
30.25
35.75
35.75
35.75
35. 7&
35.75
33.00
33.00
33.00
35.75
39.60
40.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40

100
110
130
130
130
130
130
120
120
120
130
144
160

100
110
130
130
130
130
130
120
120
120
130
144
145

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91

Structural-iron workers.
100
100
100
100
88
88
88
88
90
90
88
88
88

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
60.0
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0
87.5
100.0

27.00
27.00
24.75
24.75
26.40
26.40
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
33.00
38.50
40.00

48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40

100
100
100
100
107
107
111
111
111
111
133
155
178

100
100
92
92
98
98
102
102
102
102
122
143
148

100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
02
83

69

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
i

T a b le A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN SPECIFIED TRADES, B Y GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, MAY 15,
1919, AND MAY 15, 1918.
BAKEBY TRADES.
BAKERS*
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

For
For Sun­
days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
half
full
time.
holi­
day.

D o lls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston. Mass.:
Hand bakeries—
Foremen...........................
Journeymen.....................
Oven m en1......................
Helpers..............................
Machine bakeries—
Foremen...........................
Journeymen.....................
Hebrew bread—
Foremen...........................
Second hands...................
Third hands5...................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Foremen...........................
Second hands...................
Benchmen........................
Oven men and mixers..
Mixers, night work........
Helpers..............................
Hebrew bread—
Foremen...........................
Second hands...................
Third hands.....................
Buffalo, N . Y .:
Hand bakeries—
Benchmen, day work...
Benchmen, night work.
Oven men, day work...
Oven men, night work..
Folish bread—
First hands, day work.
First hands, night work.
Second hands, day work
Second hands, night
work..............................
Newark, N . J.:
Hand bakeries—
First hands or bakers,
1 man shops.................
Second hands..................
Third hands.....................
Machine bakeries—
Benchmen........................
Oven men and mixers..
Hebrew bread—
F oremen or oven men. . .
Second hands or mixers.

R e g u l ar ra te
m ulti IpUed
C e n ts.

D o lls .

~~ H
U
11
li
li
li

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

44.4
37.0
37.0
33.3

24.00
20.00
20.00
18.00

9
9
9
9

H
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
41.7

24.00
20.00

8 - 8 -48
8 —8 —
48

n
u

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

68.8
56.3
50.0

233.00
27.00
24.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

7i
7i
U
71
71
71

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

58.3
50.0
45.8
54.2
54.2
39.6

28.00
24.00
22.00
26.00
26.00
19.00

8
8
8
8
8
8

55.6
46.3
50.0
38.9

30.00
25.00
27.00
21.00

62.5
52.1

2 30.00
25.00

91.7
79.2
70.8

44.00
38.00
34.00

(3)
(3)
(3)

68.8
60.4
56.3
64.6
68.8
• 45.8

33.00
29.00
27.00
31.00
33.00
22.00

6 75c
6 75c
6 75c
« 75c
« 75c
6 50c

li
li
n

..........

-

8
8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

93.8
83.3
72.9

45.00 125c 8 125c
40.00 6 100c 8 100c
35.00 6 75c 8 75c

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

66.7
60.4
54.2

32.00
29.00
26.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

47.0
51.0
51.0
54.9

24.00
26.00
26.00
28.00

6 70c
6 70c
6 80c
6 80c

91
91
u
91

8J818181-

81-51
81-51
81-51
81-51

44.4
48.1
48.1
51.9

24.00
26.00
26.00
28.00

9
9
9
9

57.4
64.6
51.9

31.00
31.00
28.00

6 95c
6 95c
6 85c

1
1
1

9-9-54
8 —8 —
48
9-9-54

46.7
51.9
41.7

28.00 10 -10 -60
28.00 9 - 9 -54
25.00 10 -10 -60

58.3

28.00

6 85c

1

8-8-48

46.3

25.00

68.8
62.5
56.3

33.00
30.00
27.00

6 80c
6 80c
6 80c

u
91
•1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

42.6
38.9
35.2

23.00 '9 - 9 - 5 4
21.00 9 - 9 -54
19.00 9 - 9 -54

66.7
72.9

32.00
35.00

6 80c
6 80c

91
91

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

45.8
50.0

22.00
24.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

42.00 6 125c
39.00 6 125c

1
1

n 7|_ o -45
n 71- o -45

62.5
56.3 |

30.00
27.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

io 93.3
12 86.7

I Classed as journeymen in report for 1918.
* Nominalrate. All received more; amount not reported.
8 Overtime work prohibited.
* Hebrew holidays and Labor Day off with pay.
* Classed as benchmen in report for 1918.
* Rate in cents per hour.
» Holidays off with pay.
8 Rate in cents per hour for Sundays; Hebrew holidays off with pay.
* For Sundays; for holidays double time,
w Scale became $1 on Aug. 1,1919.
II Sundays, 71 hours; do not work on Saturdays; 10 days off each year with pay.
u Scale became 93.3 cents on Aug. 1,1919.




-9-54
- 9 -54
- 9 -54
- 9 -54

- 9 -54
- 9 -54
- 9 -54
-9-54

9 - 9 -54

70

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Tanias A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES A N © HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES— Continued.
—.Contimied.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

]

Per
week,
full
time.

For
For. 'Sun­
days
over­
time. and
iioli-

C ents.

D o lls .

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
ours:
J’ull days; with
Per
Saturdays; S a t ­ Per
week,
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied
b y—

Hours:
Pull days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC—con.

New Haven,-Conn.:
Hand bakeries—
Foremen oriirst hands..
.Seeonds hands-------------Benehmen...... .................
lUixers ....................... .......
‘Oven men.........................
Hebrew bread—
First hands.......................
Second hands------ --------Third hands. * .................
Italian bread1 —
6
Hand bakeries—
Foremen........................
Foremen.......................
Foremen......................
Foremen.......................
Second hands...............
Second hands...............
Second hands — ------Second hands..............
Machine bakeries—
Foremen..................—
Second Jiands...............
New York, N. Y . :
Hand bakeries—
Foreman, Union E ........
Foreman, Union F ........
First hands, Union M,
Bronx............................
First hands, Union B ,
Brooklyn......................
Second hands, Unions
E and M , Manhattan
and Bronx....................
Second hands, Union B ,
Brooklyn......................
Third hands. Unions E
and M, Manhattan
Bronx............................
Third hands, Union B ,
Brooklyn.......................
Renchmen, Union F —
Machine bakeries—
Foremen, Unions E and
M, Manhattan and
Bronx............................

if *ai
3
U 11
3
K 11
m.z
11
3
iL 3
70.
62.5
li 1 1
5
40.00 6 100c 1 1
78.4
5
36.00 £ 100c 1 1
70.6
5
34.00 6 100c 1 1
66.7
66.7
60. 4,

33.3
35.1
38.6
35.1
29.-8
31.6
35.1
31.
38.6
35.1

32.00
29.00
28.00
34.00
30.00

8
7
19.00 1 200c 1 1
8
2 .0 17215c 1 1
00
11
2 .0 13 5 8
2 0 72c 8
20.00 17 160c 1 1
8
17.00 1 200c 1 1
7
8
18.00 1 215c 1 1
7
1
8
2 .0 ” 325c 1 1
00
81
18.00 17160c
8
22.00 17175c 1 1
8
2 .0 175c 1 1
00

1 51.0
9

26.00 20 75c
33.00

68
.8

1
1 21
J 11

i»51.0

26.00

6 75c

1 51.0
9

26.00

6 75c

45.1

23.00

65c

2 45.1
5

23.00

6 65c

1

21
4
1

21
4

2 .0 2 6 c
1 0 05
4
2 4 .2 2 .0 6 65c 2 1
61
10
30.00
32.5
2 li
1

26 41.2

2 58.'8
7

30.00 20 75c

C ents.

8 - S -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

52.9
47.1
45.1

56.9
49.0
45.1

9494949494949494-

94-57
94-57
94-57
94-57
94-57
94-57
94-57
94-57

33.3
35.1
33.3
35.1
29.8
31.6
29.8
31.

94- 94-57
94- 94-57

38.6
35.1

1 84- 84-51
9

27.00
24.00
23.

)
(M (M
) 25.00
49.0

84- 84-51
8J- 84-51
81- 8J-51

1 84- 84-51
2
8-8-48

D o lls .

29.00
25.00
23.00

.84- 84-51

54- 8 -5
41
84- 8 -5
41
(M)
84- 8J-51

-84- 84-51
« 4 - -84-51
84- 84-51

19. Q .94- 94-57
D

20.00
19.00
2 .0
00

9 4 - 9 1 -5 7

17.00
18.00
17.50
18.00

949494949494-

2 .0
20
2 .0
00

94- 94-57
94- 94-57

41.2
2 .0
1
(2) (2) 0
2
2
41.2
2 .0
10

94-57
94-57
91-57
94-57
94-57
94-57

84- 84-51
(»)
84- 84-51

1 84- 84-51
9

42.0

2 84- 84-51
5

35.3

18.00

84- 8 * 1
45

2 84- 84-51
5

37.

20.60

9-9-54

2 84- 84-51
6

31.4

16.00

84- 84-51

2 84- 84-51
6
8-8-48

35.2

19.00

(2)
2

9-9-54
C
22)

49.0

25.00

84- 84-51

(2)
2

9-9-54

6 Rate in cents per hour,
is For Sundays; holidays o with pay.
cff
1 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
4
i* Hebrew holidays off with pay.
1 Variations in rates within each occupation are due to the size o t the ovens and number of bakings
6
d
per day.
” Rate in cents per extra baking.
1 For Sundays; holidays off with pay for extra halfday worked on preceding day.
8
1 Scale became 72.9 cents per hour and 48 hours per week on May 25,1939.
9
#
2 Rate in cents per hour, limited to 2 hours per week.
0
ai For Sundays; holidays off with pay; time and one-half if work is performed.
22 Not organized on May 15,1918.
*4 For Sundays.; holidays off with pay; double time if work is-performed.
26 Scale became 66.7 cents per hour and 48 hours per week on May 25,1919.
26 Scale became 62.5 cents per hour and 48 hours per week on May 25,1919.
8 Scale became 81.3 cents per hour and 48 hours per week on May 25,1919.
7




71

■UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T able

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES, ETC.—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
B A X E RS—Continued.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Cents.

D o lls .

For
For Sun­
over­ days
time. and
holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
half
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC —COn.

New York, N. Y .—Contd.
Machine bakeries—Concld.
Foremen, Union B,
Brooklyn.......................
Foremen, Union D,
Manhattan...................
Foremen, Union F ........
First hands, Union R . ..
Second hands. Union R .
Third hands, Union R ..
Benchmen, Unions E
and M, Manhattan
and Bronx....................
Benchmen, Union B,
Brooklyn.......................
Benchmen, Union D ,
Manhattan...................
Benchmen, Union F ----Oven men and mixers,
Unions E and M,
Manhattan and Bronx.
Oven men and mixers,
Union B, Brooklyn...
Oven men and mixers,
Union F ........................
Spongers and dough
setters, Union M,
Bronx............................
Spongers and dough
setters, Union B,
Brooklyn......................
Helpers, Union D, Man­
hattan ...........................
Helpers, Union F ...........
Bohemian bread—
First hands, day work..
Second hands, day work
Third hands, day work.
First hands, night work.
Second hands, night
work..............................
Third hands, night work
Hebrew bread—
Hand bakeries—
First hands, Unions G
and I, Manhattan
and Bronx................

R e g u t ar ra te
mvM\iplied
by

2 62.5
7

30.00

6 75c

2 1
4

75.0
75.0
19 62.7
2 56.9
5
26 52.9

36.00
36.00
32.00
29.00
27.00

14
H
6 75c
6 75c
675c

2 1
4

2 47.1
3

24.00

6 65c

2 47.1
3

24.00

665c

68.8
62.5

33.00
30.00

14
14

C ents.

D o lls .

2 84 -8J-51
7

52.9

27.00

84- 84-51

8-8-48
2114
8-8-48
1 19 8 i- 8J-51
5
1 2 8£- 8£-51
6
1 2 84- 8|-51

47.1
(22)
C
28)
(28)
(28)

24.00
(»)
(28)
(28)
(28)

84- 84-51
(22)
(28)
(28)
(28)

1

2 8J- 8|-51
3

37.3

19.00

84- 84-51

2 1
4

2 84- 8^-51
3

41.2

21.00

84 -84-51

8-8-48
8-8-48

41.2
(22)

21.00
(22)

84- 84-51
(22)

2 1
4
2 14
1

29 52.9

27.00

675c

1

2 8J- 84-51
9

43.1

22.00

84- 8-4-51

29 52.9

27.00

675c

2 1
4

2 84- 84-51
9

47.1

24.00

84- 84-51

68.8

33.00

14

so 49.0

25.00

6 65c

1

3 84- 84-51
0

2 52.1
9

25.00

6 65c

2 1
4

54.2
50.0

26.00
24.00

14
14

2 1
4
2 ii
1

62.5
58.3
54.2
66.7

30.00
28.00
26.00
32.00

6 100c
6 100c
6 100c
6 100c

1 1
3
1 1
3
13 1
1 1
3

62.5
58.3

30.00 6 100c
28.00 6 100c

2 1*
1

8-8-48

(22)

(22)

(22)

39.2

20.00

84- 84-51

2 84- 84-51
9

43.1

22.00

84- 84-51

8 —8 —
48
8-8-48

31.4
(22)

16.00
(22) .

84- 84-51
(22)

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

(28)
?28)

(28)

W
47.1

C
28)
24.00

(28)
(28)
(28)
84- 84-51

1 1 • 8-8-48
3
1 1
3
8-8-48

43.1
39.2

22.00
20.00

84- 84-51
84- 84-51

3 1
1
48.00 (3)
106.7
76.5
74- 74-45
39.00
3 Overtime work prohibited.
6 Rate in cents per hour.
1 For Sundays; holidays off with pay.
3
1 Scale became 72.9 cents per hour and 48 hours per week on May 25, 1919.
9
2 For Sundays; holidays off with pay; time and one-half if work is performed.
1
22 Not organized on May 15,1918.
® Scale became 68.8 cents per hour and 48 hours per week on May 25,1919.
2 For Sundays; holidays off with pay; double time if work is performed.
4
2 Scale became 66.7 cents per hour and 48 hours per week on May 25,1919.
5
2 Scale became 62.5 cents per hour and 48 hours per week on May 25,1919.
6
2 Scale became 81.3 cents per hour and 48 hours per-week on May 25,1919.
7
28 Not reported.
2 Scale became 75 cents per hour and 48 hours per week on May 25,1919.
9
3 Scale became 70.8 cents per hour and 48 hours per week on May 25,1919.
0
8 For Sundays; Hebrew holidays off with pay.
1

84- 84-51




(28)

72

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
T

able

A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
B A K E R Y T R A D E S — Continued.
B A K E R S —Continued.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC—contd.
R e g u l a r r a te
New York, N. Y .—Contd
m ulti Iplied
Hebrew bread—Concld.
C e n ts. B o l ls .
by
Hand bakeries—Concld. C en ts. D o lls .
First hands, Union K,
Manhattan, East
811
76.5
39.00 83- 83-51
94.1
83- 83-51
Side............................
48.00 (3)
Second hands, Unions
G and I, Manhattan
811
70.6
and Bronx................
100.0
36.00 83- 83-51
45.00 (3)
73- 7£-45
Second hands, Union
K , Manhattan, East
8 i
1
70.6
88.2
36.00 83- 8J-51
Side............................
81- 83-51
45.00 (8)
Third hands, Unions
G and I, Manhattan
66.7
34.00 83- 83-51
and Bronx................
95.6
» 1
73- 73-45
43.00 (3)
Third hands. Union
K , Manhattan, East
811
66.7
Side............................
34.00 83- 83-51
84.3
43.00 (3)
83- 83-51
Third hands, Union
8 i
1
H , Brooklyn............
95.8
8-8-48
72.9
35.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
46.00 (3)
Benchmen, Union H , *
8 i
1
Brooklyn...................
77.1
37.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
100.0
8-8-48
48.00 (3)
Oven men, Union H ,
3 1
1
Brooklyn...................
8-8-48
40.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
51.00 (3)
83.3
106.3
Machine bakeries—
First hands, Unions G
and K , Manhattan,
East Side, and
8 1
1
Bronx........................
39.00 73- 73-45
106.7
48.00 (3)
73- 73-45
86.7
First hands, Union I,
811
39.00 73- 73-45
Manhattan...............
48.00 (3)
63- 63-39
86.7
123.1
First hands, Union K,
Manhattan, East
3 1
1
(14)
Side*............................ 145.5
48.00 (3)
53- 53-33
(“ )
(M
)
Second hands, Unions
G and K , Manhat­
tan, East Side, and
311
Bronx........................
80.0
36.00 73- 73-45
100.0
45.00 (3)
73- 73-45
Second hands, Union
3 1
1
I, Manhattan...........
115.4
45.00 (3)
80.0
36.00 73- 73-45
63- 63-39
•
Second hands, Union
K , Manhattan, East
8 1
1
Side........................... 136.4
45.00 (3)
53- 53-33
(“ )
(“ )
(“ )
Third hands, Unions
G and K , Manhat­
tan, East Side, and
311
Bronx........................
43.00 (3
34.00 73- 73-45
75.6
95.6
73- 73-45
)
Third hands, Union I,
311
Manhattan................ 110.3
43.00 (3)
63- 63-39
34.00 73- 73-45
75.6
Third hands. Union
K, Manhattan, East
81 1
Side............................
43.00 (3)
130.3
53- 53-33
(u )
(u )
(“ )
Third hands, Union
311
H , Brooklyn............
46.00 (3
8-8-48
95.8
35.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
72.9
)
Benchmen, Union H ,
311
Brooklyn...................
8-8-48
100.0
48.00 (3)
37.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
77.1
Benchmen, Union L,
811
Brooklyn................... 111.1
50.00 C
73- 73-45
80.0
36.00 73- 73-45
3)
Oven men, Union H ,
311
Brooklyn................... . 106.3
51.00 (3)
8-8-48
40.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
83.3
Oven men, Union L,
311
54.00 (3)
42.00 73- 73-45
Brooklyn................... 120.0
73- 73-45 ..........
93.3
8 Overtime work prohibited.
si For Sundays; Hebrew holidays ofl with pay.
14 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

73

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
B A S E S T T R A D E S —Continued.
B A K E R S —Continued.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
•

Per
hour.

Per
week.
full'
time.

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
urday Per
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC— COntd.
R e g u l ar ra te
m u lti iplied
New York, N. Y .—Concld.
C ents. D o lls .
by
Italian bread—
First hands, Union Q,
Manhattan...................
70.8
34.00 8 100c
1
Second hands, Union Q,
32.00 e 100c
1
Manhattan...................
66.7
Third hands, Union Q ,
1
30.00 6 100c
62.5
Manhattan____
Polish bread—
Foremen, Union 0 ,
2
45.00 e 125c 3 1
Brooklyn......................
93.8
Second hands, Union 0 ,
2
39.00 6 80c 3 1
Brooklyn..................
81.3
Third hands, Union 0 ,
2
75.0
36.00 6 80c 3 1
Brooklyn......................
Oven men and mixers,
2
42.00 6 110c 3 1
Union 0 , Brooklyn...
87.5
Scandinavian bread—
Hand bakeries—
Foremen, Union C,
37.00 6 100c 33 1
77.1
Manhattan...............
Second hands, Union
3
34.00 6 100c 3 1
70.8
C, Manhattan..........
Third hands, Union
3 1
3
34.00 6 100c
70.8
C, Manhattan...........
Machine bakeries—
Foremen. Union C,
3
40.00 6 100c 3 1
83.3
Manhattan................
Second hands, Union
3
37.00 6 100c 3 1
C, Manhattan...........
77.1
Benchmen, Union C,
3
34.00 6 100c 3 1
70.8
Manhattan...............
Oven men, Union C,
3
37.00 6 100c 3 1
77.1
Manhattan...............
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Hand bakeries—
First hands, oven men
1
33.00
68.8
or mixers......................
n
Second hands or bench­
1
59.6
28.60
men ................................
li
Machine bakeries—
First hands, oven men
1
33.00
-68.8
or mixers......................
Second hands or bench­
1
59.6
28.60
men ................................
n
Hebrew bread—
1 1
5
43.00
89.6
Foremen or oven m en...
li
1 1
5
40.00
83.3
Second hands or mixers.
l£
15 1
35.00
72.9
Third hands....................
li
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Hand bakeries—
1
35.00
72.9
Foremen...........................
u
1
30.00
62.5
Benchmen........................
1J
1
31.00
ll
64.6
Oven men and mixers. .

2 Nominal rate.

C ents.

D o lls .

8 - 8 -48

60.4

29.00

8-8-48

8 - 8 -48

56.3

27.00

8-8-48

8 - 8 -48

52.1

25.00

8-8-48

8 - 8 -48

59.3

32.00

9-9-54

8 - 8 -48

51.9

28.00

9-9-54

8 - 8 -48

44.4

24.00

9-9-54

8 - 8 -48

51.9

28.00

9-9-54

8 - 8 -48

44.4

24.00

9-9-54

8 - 8 -48

40.7

22.00

9-9-54

8 - 8 -48

38.9

21.00

9-9-54

8 - 8 -48

48.1

26.00

9-9-54

8 - 8—
48

44.4

24.00

9-9-54

8 - 8 -48

40.7

22.00

9-9-54

8 - 8 -48

44.4

24.00

9-9-54

8 - 8 -48

48.1

26.00

9-9-54

8 - 8 -48

40.7

22.00

9-9-54

8 - 8 -48

54.2

26.00

8-8-48

8 - 8 -48

45.8

22.00

8-8-48

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

64.6
58.3
50.0

31.00
28.00
24.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

4
51.0 3 26.00
22.00
43.1
47.1 2 24.00

A ll received more; amount not reported.
• Rate in cents per hour.
Hebrew holidays off with pay.
M New Year’s, Easter, May 1, and Christmas off with pay.
88 Holidays on with pay; if work is performed, $5 per day additional.
34 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
&




8J-51
8 f- 8£-51
8^- 8^-51

74

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
Table A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
B A K E R Y T B A D E S — C o n tin u e d .
BA K E R S— Coninraed.

May 15, 1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
Full days; with
Per ; For Sun-, Saturdays; Sat­
Per
urday Per
week, over­ days
WQflk,
Foil week.
and
full
faUf hour.
full
time.
time.
holi­
holi­ i
time.
days.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
taty.
Per
haasr.

NORTH ATLANTIC—eontd.
R e g a l cr m te
m ulti ipUed
Pittsburgh, Pa.— Concld.
by
C ents. D o lls .
Machine bakeries—
1
38.00
79.2
Forfvnip.n........ ..................
n
28-. 00
1
58.3
li
64. §
31.00
1
Oven men and mixers..
li
1 !
24.00
50.0
Helpers....... ......................
li
Hebrew bread—
5
43.00
■First hands.____ ..._____ 3 95.6
li
8
91
40.00
Second hands.................. 3 88.9
li
Third hands or bench91
9
38.00
men.. ..... ...................... 3 84.4
li
Polish bread—
40*. 00
1
88.9
First hands......................
H
1
84.4
38.00
Second hands..................
li
80.0
1
36.00
Henchmen.......... ...........
li
Providence. R. I.:
Machine bakeries—
1
28.00
58.3
First hands......................
li
1
62.5
30.00
Mixers...............................
li
1
52.1
25.00
Helpers.............................
li
Hebrew bread—
0
72.9
35.00 »75c 4 1
Foremen.-.........................
68.8
33.00 6 75e 40 i
Second hands......... .........
0
30.00 6 75c 4 1
Third hands.....................
62.5
Italian bread—
i
1
25.00 4 230c
34.7
First hands......................
1
21.00 200c
29.2
Second hands..................
Rochester, N . Y .:
91
58.8
30.00
Foremen or first hands..
li
Second hazads, oven
91
52.9
27.00
men or mixers.............
li
Third hands or bench­
men ................................
49.0
25.00
91
li
Hebrew bread—
68.8
33.00
91
First hands......................
li
31.00
91
64.6
Second hands..................
li
30.00
91
Third hands.....................
62.5
li
Springfield. Mass.:
Hand bakeries—
4
Foremen...........................i 58.8 2 30.00
11 2 2
Second hands..................
52.9 3 27.00
4
l i 24 2
4
Benchmen........................
49.0
25.00
li 2 2
Machine bakeries—
2
Foremen...........................
62.5 a 3a 00
li 4 2
2
Second hands__________
5& 3
27.00
li 4 2
2
52.1
25.00
Benchmen........................
li 4 2

C ents.

8-8-48

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D oU s,

30.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
45.8
50.0
37.5

*7 7|_ o -45
3 71 - 0 -45
7

77.8
71.1

35.00 37 7 0 -45
32.00 » 74- 0 -45

8 - 8 -48

22.00

24.00
18.00

7|_ 0 -45

62.2

28.00 37 71 - 0 -45

7*- 7§-45
7 i- 7i-45
7J- 74-45

’62.2
57.8
53.3

26.00
26.06
24.00

7h - 7i-45
74- 7|-45
74- 74-45

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

45,8
50.0
37-5

22.00
24.00
18.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

66.7
62.5
56.3

32.00
30.00
27.00

8 _ 8 _4g
8-8-48
8-8-48

12 -12 -72
12 -12 -72

31.9
27.8

23.00 12 -12 -72
20.00 12 -12 -72

ti

8 i- 84—
51

49,0

25.00

8i— 84—
51

45.1

23.00

84- 84-51

8 i- 8i-51

41.2

21.00

84- 84-51

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

54.9
51.0
40.0

28.00
26.00
25.00

84- 84-51
84- 84-51
84- 8J-51

S|- 8i-51
8 i- 8i-51
8J- 84-51

52.9
27.00
4
47.1 3 24.00
43.1
22.00

84- 84-51
84- 84-51
84- 84-51

4 g _ 0 -48
3
43 s - 0 -48
4 8 - 0 -48
3

52.9
27.00
47.1 3 24.00
4
43.1
22.00

84- 84-51
84- 84-51
8 i- 84-51

* Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
• Rate incents per hour.
0 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
*4 For Sundays; holidays off with pay; double time if work is performed.
3 More than naif received more than the scale; amount not reported.
4
Scale became $1.07 on Sept. 1,1919.
87 Sundays, 7| hours; do not work on Saturdays.
88 Scale became $1 on Sept. 1,1919.
3 Scale became 91.1 cents on S ep t.l, 1919.
9
4 For Sundays; Hebrew holidays and Labor Day off with pay..
0
4 Rate in cents per baking.
1
1 For seventh days; holidays off with pay; regular rate added for -work performed.
2
4 Sundays, 8 hours; d® mot work on fiaturdays.
3




8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

84- 84-51

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOTJKS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

75

A __ UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
B A K E R Y T R A D E S — Continued.
B A K E & S—Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time.
holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Honrs:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
urday Per
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC— C O n d d .

Springfield, Mass.—Concld.
Hebrew bread.—
Foremen..........................
Second h^nris.____ ____

Third

........... .

Worcester, Mass.:
Hebrew bread—
Foremanor oven m en...
Second bands.............
Third hands...............

Cents.
79.2
7 2 .9

62.5

D o lls .

R e g u h v rr a le
m u lti tpUrd
by

C ents.

D o lls .

* 38.00 6 10001 * 75c 4 8 - o -48
3
35.00 « 75c u 75c « 8 - Q -48
4
3
30.00 6 750 < 75c 4 8 - o -48

62.5
54.2
47.9

30.00 * 8 - 0 -48
26.00 4 8 - Q -48
3
23.00 « 8 - 0 -48

4 1 *38-0-48
0
4 1 4* g — o -48
0
4 1 4 8 - 0 -48
0
3

52.8
49.1
40.7

5
28.50 4 9 —o -54
26.50 « 9 - 0 -54
22.00 4 9 - 0 -54
5

55.6
50.0

30.00
27.00

9-9-54
9-9-54

58.3
41.7
47.9
47.9
50.0

28.00
20.00
23.00
23.00
24.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

93.8
83.3
83.3

45.00
40.00
40.00

6 75c
6 75c
6 75c

68.8
62.5

33.00
30.00

U
*14

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, Md.:
Hebrew bread—
Foremen or »ven men..
Second hands.............
Richmond, Va.:
Foremen......................
Benchmen..................
Drawers.......................
Mixers..........................
Oven men...................
Washington, D. C.:
Bakers, day w ork.. .
Bakers, night work..

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

14
14
14
14

91
9I
91
91
91

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

4 1|
7
14

1
1

8-8-48
8 —8 —
48

56.3
60.3

27.00
28.92

8-8-48
8-8-48

33.00 2 lO e
0 O

2 1
4

4 8 - 8 -48
8

46.3

25.00

9-9-54

91

4 8 - 8 -48
8

46.3

25.00

9-9-54

33.00 8 100c

601

4 8 - 8 -48
8

44.4

24.00

9-9-54

31.00 6 100c
32.00
2
31.00 6 100c
29.00 6 100c
30.00
2

2 1
4
4 1
9
5 1
0
2 1
4
4 1
9

4 8
8
4 8
8
4 8
8
4 8
8
4 8
8

42.6
42.6
40.7
38.9
38.9

23.00
23.00
22.00
21.00
21.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9 -9 —
54
9-9-54
9-9-54

68.8 4 33.00
6
56.3
27.00
58.3
28.00
61.5
29.50
61.5
29.50
64.0
74.0

30.72
35.52

n

-

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Hand bakeries—
Foremen, oven men, or
spongers, Unions A
and B ............................ 4 68.8
8
Oven men or spongers,
Union C ........................ 4 72.9
8
Foremen, oven men, or
spongers, Union D ___ « 68.8
Second hands, Unions
A and B ......................
4 64.6
8
8
Second hands, Union C. 4 66.7
Second hands, Union D . 48 64.6
8
Third hands, Union A .. 4 60.4
Third hands, Union C.. 4 62.5
8
Machine bakeries—
Foremen, oven men, or
spongers, Union B ___ U i 68.8
Second hands, Union B . 1 W64.6

35.00

2

- 8
- 8
—8
- 8
- 8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

9
52.1
25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
8-8-48
14 4 1
9
47.9
23.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
8-8-48
14 [ 4 1
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported,
e Rate in cents per hour.
» For Sundays; for holidays double time.
*o Rate in cents per hour; limited to 2 hours per week.
2 For Sundays; holidays off with pay; double time-if work is performed.
4
40 For Sundays; Hebrew holidays and Labor Day off with pay.
43 Sundays, 8 hours; do not work on Saturdays.
44 Rate in cents per hour for holidays; for Sundays, regular price.
4 Sundays, 9 hours; do not work on Saturdays.
5
4 50 per cent received $1 and 50 per cent received $3 per week more than the scale.
6
4 Based on night rate.
7
4 On June 10,1919, scale became 51 hours and same pay per week and 20 cents per hour additional io>i
8
work performed between 11 p. m. and 5 a. m.
4 For Sundays; for holidays time and one-half.
0
*o For Sundays; work on holidays prohibited.
6 On June 10, 1919, scale became 20 cents per hour additional for work performed between 11 p. m. and
1
5 a. m.




33.00
31.00

76

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
B AK ER Y TRADES—

Continued.

B A K E R S —Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Per
week,
Full week. half
hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL— C O ntd.
R e g u la r ra te

Chicago, 111.—Concluded.
m u ltip lied
by —
Hebrew bread—
C ents. D o lls .
621
Foremen...........................
77.1
37.00
n
34.00
Second hands..................
70.8
i* 62 i
6 1
2
Third hands.....................
66.7
32.00
u
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Hand bakeries—
4
Foremen...........................
3
»1
48.1 6 26.00 6 11
3
91
Benchmen........................
40.7 6 22.00 M l|
®1
44:4 w 24.00 M l*
Oven men and mixers..
4
3
33.3 6 18.00 6 n
91
Helpers..............................
Machine bakeries—
91
Foremen...........................
60.4 6 29.00 6 n
3
4
3
4
91
Benchmen........................
45.8 6 22.00 6 11
4
91
52.1 6 25.00 6 11
3
Oven men and mixers..
91
4
3
37.5 6 18.00 6 11
Helpers.............................
Cleveland, Ohio:
30.00
1
62.5
First hands......................
li
1
28.00
58.3
Second hands...................
1*
52.1
1
25.00
Helpers.............................
n
Bohemian bread—
64.6
31.00 6 80c 60 2
First hands......................
62.5
30.00 e 80c 60 2
Second hands...................
28.00 6 80c 60 2
58.3
Third hands.....................
31.00 0 80c 60 2
64.6
Mixers...............................
Hebrew bread—
37.00 6 90c 15 1
Benchmen........................
82.2
93.3
42.00 « 100c 16 1
Mixers...............................
42.00 6 100C 15 1
Oven men........................
93.3
Columbus, Ohio:
Hand bakeries—
5
58.3 5 28.00
Foremen or first hands..
l i 50 1
5
47.9 5 23.00
Benchmen........................
l i 66 1
5
54.2 5 26.00
Mixers or spongers.........
1* 66 1
Machine bakeries—
5
75.0 5 36.00
Foremen...........................
1* 56 1
54.2 5 26.00
5
First-oven hands
1£ 56 1
11 66 1
52.1 55 25.00
Second-oven hands........
47.9 55 23.00
Benchmen........................
1* 66 1
54.2 55 26.00
Mixers or spongers
l i 66 1
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island,
111.:
91
33.00 57 90c
68.8
Foremen, day work.......
91
75.0 2 36.00 57 100c
Foremen, night work...
Bakers, 1-man shops,
62.5
30.00 67 75c
91
day w o rk .....................
Bakers, 1-man shops,
91
33.00 57 85c
68.8
night work...................
Benchmen and oven
7
91
27.00 5 75c
56.3
men, day work.............
Benchmen and oven
91
62.5
30.00 57 85c
men, night work.........

C ents.

D o lls .

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

62.7
56.9
52.9

32.00
29.00
27.00

81- 81-51
81- 81-51
Si- oust

9-9-54
9-9-54
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54

40.7
33.3
37.0
25.9

22.00
18.00
20.00
14.00

9
9
9
9

-

9
9
9
9

-54
-54
-54
-54

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

52.1
37.5
43.8
29.2

25.00
18.00
21.00
14.00

8
8
8
8

-

8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

41.7
37.5
31.2

20.00
18.00
15.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

52.1
50.0
45.8
62.5

25.00
24.00
22.00
30.00

8
8
8
8

71- 71-45
71- 71-45
71- 71-45

62.5
68.8
72.9

30.00
33.00
35.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

46.3
37.0
42.6

25.00
20.00
23.00

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54

8-8-48
8 -8 —
18
■8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

61.1
42.6
40.7
37.0
42.6

33.00
23.00
22.00
20.00
23.00

9
9
9
9
9

8-8-48
8-8-48

55.6
59.3

30.00
32.00

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -6 4

8-8-48

50.0

27.00

9 - 9 -54

8-8-48

55.6

30.00

9 - 9 -54

8-8-48

46.3

25.00

9 - 9 -54

8-8-48

50.0

27.00

9 - 9 -54

-

-

* Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
« Rate in cents per hour.
» For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
m Hebrew holidays off with pay.
w For Sundays: work on holidays prohibited.
m For Sundays; for Hebrew holidays time and one-half; for other holidays regular rate.
M $2 per week more between 9 p. m. and 3 a. m.
m Overtime limited to 2 hours per day.
m 15 per week more for night work.
m For Sundays, for July 4 Labor Day, and Christmas, double time; other holidays single time.
« Rate in cents per hour; limited to 6 hours per week.




8
8
8
8

9
9
9
9
9

-48
-48
-48
-48

-54
-54
-54
-54
-54

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919,
T a b le

77

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
B A K E R S —Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Ra^e of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Per
week,
Full week. half
hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL— contd.
R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied
Dayton, Ohio:
by—
Cents. B o lls,
Hand bakeries—
30.00
55.6
First hands......... . .........
25.00
Benchmen......................
46.3
28.00
Oven men and mixers.
51.9
Machine bakeries—
62.5
30.00
Foremen.........................
52.1
Benchmen......................
25.00
28.00
Oven men and mixers.
58.3
Detroit, Mich.:
35.00
Foremen.........................
Benchmen...................... “ 58.
30.00
Oven men and mixers. 6 62.7
32.00
0
Hebrew bread—
Foremen, 1 oven, day
44.00 «140c
work............................
91.7
Foremen, 1 oven, night
work............................
45.00 6 140c
Foremen, 2 ovens, day
work............................
45.00 6 140c
Foremen, 2 ovens, night
work............................
46.00 6 140c
Second hands, day work
40.00 6 135c
83.3
Second hands, night
85.4
work............................
41.00 6 135c
79.2
Third hands, day work.
38.00 6 135c
Third hands, night work
39.00 « 135c
81.3
Polish bread—
First hands (oven men
70.8
or mixers), day work.
34.00
First hands (oven men
75.0
or mixers), night work.
36.00
Second hands (bench­
64.
men), day work..........
31.00
Second hands (bench­
men), night work___
33.00
60.4
29.00
Third hands, day work.
64.6
Third hands, night work
31.00
Indianapolis, Ind.:
55.5
30.00
Foremen, day work.......
33.00
Foremen, night work...
61.1
Second hands, day work.
26.00
Second hands, night
work...............................
29.00
53.7
45.4
24.50
Third hands, night work.
Kansas City, Mo.:
Hand bakeries—
35.00
64.8
Foremen...........................
28.00
51.9
Benchmen........................
55.
30.00
Oven men........................
57.4
31.00
Spongers...........................
Machine bakeries—
72.9
35.00
Foremen...........................
28.00
58.3
Benchmen........................
62.5
30.00
Drawers............................
62.5
30.00
Oven men........................
64.
31.06

6 .8
8

2 Nominal rate.

All received more; amount
not reported.
6 Rate in cents per hour.
9 For Sundays; for holidays, double time,
n No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
w Scale became 80.4 cents on Sept. 15,1919.




C ents.

D o lls .

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

46.3
37.0
42.

25.00

2 .0
00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

52.1
41.7
47.

25.00

2 .0
00
23.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

54.9
47.1
51.0

28.00
24.00
26.00

8J— 8| 51
—
8 i- 8J-51
8J- 8|-51

6 8 - 8 -48
1

70.

34.00 6 8 - 8 -48
1

6i 8 - 8 -48

72.9

35.00 6 8 - 8 -48
1

6i 8 - 8 -48

75.0

36.00 61 8 - 8 -48

6 8 - 8 -48
1
61 8 - 8 -48

77.1
58.3

37.00 6 8 - 8 -48
1
28.00 6i 8 - 8 -48

6 8 - 8 -48
1
61 8 - 8 -48
ei 8 - 8 -48

62.5
58.3
62.5

30.00 6 8 - 8 -48
1
28.00 6i 8 - 8 -48
30.00 6i 8 - 8 -48

8 -5
41
8J-51
8J-51

23.00

8-8-48

58.3

28.00

8-8-48

8-8-48

62.5

30.00

8-8-48

8-8-48

52.1

25.00

8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

56.
45.8
50.0

’ 27.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

2 .0
20
24.00

(“) (u)
25.00
46.3
(1) (1)
4
4
2 .0
10
38.

(1)
4
C
u)

9-9-54

30.0

16.20

9-9-54
9-9-54

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

57.4
44.4
48.1
48.1

31.00
24.00
26.00
26.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

64.6
50.0
52.1
54.2
54.2

2 31.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
26.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

9-9-54
9-9-54

» Scale became 70.6 cents on Sept. 15,1919.
» Scale became 74.5 cents on Sept. 15,1919.
•i Sundays. 8 hours; do not work on Fridays.
Double time after 6 hours overtime per week.
6i Double time after 5 hours’ overtime per week.

78

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
T

able

A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
B A K E R Y T R A D E S — Continued.
B A K E R S —Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

NORTH CENTRAL—concld.
Milwaukee, W is.:
C ents. D o lls .
30.00
55.6
Foremen...........................
25.00
Benchmen........................
46.3
Hebrew bread—
32.00
Foremen...........................
62.7
Second hands or bench­
54.9
28.00
men................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Foremen, 5 or more
34.00
63.0
men................................
30.00
Foremen, 2 to 4 men___
55.6
Bakers, 1-man shops—
Day work.....................
51.9
28.00
30.00
Night work...................
55.6
25.00
Benchmen........................
46.3
28.00
Oven men and mixers..
51.9
Hebrew bread—
Foremen...........................
68.6
35.00
Third hands....................
49.0
25.00
58.8
30.00
Benchmen........................
Peoria, 111.:
Foremen...........................
55.6
30.00
25.00
Foremen, benchmen___
46.3
44.4
24.00
Benchmen........................
Oven men, spongers, or
mixers...........................
25.00
46.3
St. Louis, Mo.:
Hand bakeries—
Foremen...........................
49.1
26.50
43.5
23.50
Benchmen........................
Machine bakeries—
Foremen, 5 or more
61.5
29.50
men...............................
Foremen, less than 5
26.50
men...............................
55.2
First benchmen..............
51.0
24.50
49.0
23.50
Second benchmen..........
26.50
Oven men........................
55.2
51.0
24.50
Assistant oven men.......
Hebrew bread—
35.00
Foremen...........................
68.6
30.00
Second hands..................
58.8
St. Paul, Minn.:
30.00
First hands......................
55.6
27.00
Benchmen........................
50.0
28.00
Oven men........................
51.9
Youngstown, Ohio:
Hand bakeries—
79.2
38.00
Foremen or first hands..
35.00
72.9
Second hands..................
32.00
Third hands.....................
66.7
Machine bakeries—
40.00
Foremen...........................
83.3
35.00
Second hands..................
72.9
32.00
66.7
Benchmen........................

For
For Sun­
over­ days
time. and
holi­
days.
R e g u l a r r a te
mult\vpUed
by
«75c “ m i

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

6 60c

641

9-9-54
9-9-54

1h

651

n

651

S ir

C ents.

D o lls .

38.6
35.1

222.00
2 20.00

8£- 8J-51

47.1

2 24.00

81- 81-51

8}~51

43.1

22.00

81- 81-51

91- 91-57
91- 91-57

6 75c
6 75c

1
1

9-9-54
9-9-54

55.6
48.1

30.00
26.00

9-9-54
9-9-54

6 75c
6 75c
6 75c
6 75c

1
1
1
1

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

40.7
44.4
37.0
44.4

22.00
24.00
20 00
24.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

6 90c
6 75c
675c

1
1
1

8£- 81-51
81- 81-51
81- 81-51

51.9
37.0
42.6

28.00
20.00
23.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

6 75c
6 75c
8 75c

91
91
»1

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

48.1
38.9
37.0

2 26.00
21.00
20.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

6 75c

U

9-9-54

40.7

22.00

9-9-54

9-9-54
9-9-54

43.5
38.0

23.50
20.50

9-9-54
9-9-54
8-8-48

6 60c
6 60c

1
1

660c

1

8-8-48

55.2

26.50

6 60c
6 60c
6 60c
6 60c
660c

1
1
1
1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

49.0
44.8
42.7
49.0
44.8

23.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.50 8 - 8 -48
20.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
23.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.50 ' 8 - 8 - 4 8

6 60c
6 60c

1
1

81- 81-51
81- 81-51

54.9
47.1

28.00
24.00

81- 81-51
81~ 81~51

6 75c
6 75c
6 75c

13 1
1 1
3
13 1

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

42.6
37.0
35.9

23.00
20.00
21.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

1 1
3
13 1
13 1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

55.6
50.0
37.0

30.00
27.00
20.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

n

H
11

3
(66)
(66)
8-8-48
H 1 1
3
(66)
(66)
8-8-48
l* 1 1
1 1
3
(66)
(66)
8-8-48
l£
* Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
• Rate in cents per hour.
» For Sundays; for holidays double time,
w For Sundays; holidays off with pay.
« For Sundays; holidays off with pay; regular rate added for work performed.
® For Sundays: for May 1 and Hebrew holidays, time and one-half,
wNot organized on May 15,1910.




Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

(66)
(66)
(66)

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

79

T able A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES — Continued.
BAKIERS—
Continued-

May 15,1919.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
Per. For Sun­
Per week, over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex.:
Cents. Dolls.
35.00
68.6
Foremen, 3 or more men
Foremen,less than 3 men
62.7
32.00
29.00
56.9
Second hands..................
Third hands (bench26.00
51.0
men)..............................
Little Rock, Ark.:
30.00
50.0
Foremen, day work.......
64.8
35.00
Foremen, night work...
25.00
41.7
First hands, day work..
25.00
46.3
First hands,night work.
20.00
33.3
Benchmen, day w ork...
37.0
20.00
Bench men, night work..

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Hours:
Full days; with
Full days;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week, Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
holi­
time.
day.

Regularrate
multiipUed

"~»1
if

1*

91
91

Cents.
8*- 8J-51
8 j- 84-51
8 j- 8*n51

58.8
52.9
47.1

Dolls.
30.00
27.00
24.00

8*— 8|—
51
8*- 8J-51
8*- 8J-51
8J- 8J-51

U

91

8*- 81-51

41.2

21.00

H
1*
if
i|
if
i*

«1J
«1J
6 1*
7
«1*
6 1*
7
« li

10 -10 -60
9-9-54
10 -10 -60
9-9-54
10 -10 -60
9-9-54

40.3

25.00 10 -12 -62
(M
)
(u)
20.00 10 -12 -62
(14)
(M
)
18.00 10 -1 2 - 62
(“ )
<“ )

39.00
33.00

U
i*

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

81.3
68.8

35.00
30.00
25.00
28.00
27.50

i*
i*
i*
i*
i*

701
701
701
701
701

8*- 81-51
8J- 8|-51
8 j- 8^-51
8^— 8*—
51
8*- 8§-51

55.6 **30.00
46.3 3 25.00
4
38.9 3 21.00
4
42.6
23.00
23.00
42.6

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

25.00

i§

7 1
®

8-8-48

43.8 3 21.00
4

8-8-48

35.00
32.00

6 90c

1
1

9-9-54
9-9-54

55.6
51.9

30.00
28.00

9-9-54
9-9-54

8-8-48

(M
)

32.3

(M
)

29.0

(M
)

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont.:
Foremen and mixers___ «8 81.3
1
Benchmen........................ «»68.8
Denver, Colo.:
Hand bakeries—
68.6
Foremen, 5 or more men
58.8
Foremen,less than 5 men
49.0
Benchmen........................
54.9
Mixers...........'...................
53.9
Oven men........................
Machine bakeries—
52.1
Benchmen........................
Hebrew bread—
64.8
Foremen or oven men. . .
59.3
Benchmen........................
Los Angeles, Calif.:
Foremen with 1 or more
benchmen or machine
72.9
hands.............................
Foremen alone or with a
66.7
helper or apprentice...
Benchmen or machine
58.3
hands.............................
66.7
Oven men or mixers___
45.8
Helpers (third hands). .
Portland, Oreg.:
Foremen and oven men,
79.2
day work.......................
Foremen and oven men,
91.7
night work...................
75.0
Benchmen,day w ork...
87.5
Benchmen, night work..
79.2
Mixers, day work...........
91.7
Mixers, night work........
Salt Lake City, Utah:
66.7
Foremen...........................
56.3
Benchmen........................
62.5
Oven men........................

6 80c

8-8-48
8 —8 —
48

35.00

u

1

8-8-48

54.2

26.00

32.00

1*

1

8-8-48

48.1

26.00

9-9-54

28.00
32.00
22.00

1*
1*
li

1
1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

37.0
42.6
25.9

20.00
23.00
14.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

38.00

2

711

8-8-48

66.7

32.00

8-8-48

44.00
36.00
42.00
38.00
44.00

2
2
2
2
2

711
711
711
711
7 1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

70.8
58.3
62.5
62.5
66.7

34.00
28.00
30.00
30.00
32.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

32.00
27.00
30.00

i*

1
1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

44.4
35.2
4,0.7

2 24.00
2 19.00
222.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

i*
n

* Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.

8 Rate in cents per hour.
# For Sundays; for holidays double time.
h No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
« More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
6 For Sundays and Christmas; for other holidays regular rate.
7
88 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 7,1919.
6 Scale became 75 cents on June 7,1919.
9
7° Holidays off with pay; regular rate added for work performed.
v Work on July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas prohibited.




39.00
33.00

80

BULLETIN' OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
T

able

A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
B A K E R Y T R A D E S — Concluded.
B A K E R S —Concluded.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

*
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

w estern

Per
week,
full
time.

For
For Sun­
over­ days
time. and
holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

—concluded.
R e g u l ar ra te

San Francisco, Calif.:
m u l t iplied
' C ents. D o lls .
by
Hand bakeries—
37.00 « 125c
72.6
1
Foremen and oven men
1
66.7
34.00 e 100c
Benehmen........................
Benehmen, partly oven
1
3.6.00 6 125c
70.6
work..............................
Machine bakeries—
37.00 « 125c
1
77.1
Foremen and oven men.
70.8
34.00 6 100c
1
Benehmen........................
Benehmen, partly oven
36.00 6125c
1
work..............................
75.0
Seattle, Wash.:
2
42.00
87.5
»1
Foreman, day work___
54.00
2
112.5
n
Foremen, night work. . .
36.00
Benehmen, day work.. .
75.0
»i
2
Benehmen, night work.. 100.0
48.00
2
»i
Mixers and oven men,
39.00
2
day work.......................
®i
81.3
Mixers and oven men,
night work...................
51.00
2
106.3
91
Spokane, Wash.:
Foremen, mixers, and
36.00
75.0
oven men......................
1* (®)
Benehmen........................
66.7
32.00
H («)

C en ts.

8*- 8^-51

D o lls .

8J- 81-51

55.6
50.0

30.00
27.00

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54

8 j- 8J-51

51.9

28*00

9 - 9 -54

8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
56.3

30.00
27.00

8 - 8-48
8 - 8 -48

8-8-48

58.3

28.00

8 - 8 -48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

75.0
87.5
62.5
75.0

36.00
42.00
30.00
36.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

8 - 8 -48

8-8-48

68.8

33.00

8 - 8 -48

8-8-48

81.3

39.00

8 - 8 -48

8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
54.2

30.00
26.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

12
3
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

62.5
56.3
62.5
62.5
65.0
62.5
62.5
50.0
62.5

27.50
27.00
27.50
27.50
28.60
27.50
27.50
22.00
27.50

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
.12
12 j
!

75.0
65.0
53.1

33.00
28.60
25.50

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48

B U IL D IN G T R A D E S .
ASBESTOS W O R K E R S.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass........
Buffalo, N .Y ........
Newark, N . J........
New York, N . Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, P a ...
Providence, R . I .
Rochester, N . Y . .
Springfield, Mass.
I

7 81.3
2
7 68. 8
3
80.0
80.0
7 80.0
6
71.9
81.3
62.5
81.3

35.75
33.00
35.20
35.20
35.20
31.63
35.75
27.50
35.75

2
7* l i
2
2
2
11
2
11
2

80.0
80.0
80.0

35.20
35.20
35.20

2
11
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
7 8 - 8 -48
5
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, Md........................
Norfolk, Va..............................
Washington, D , C..................

2
1*
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

Work on Sundays and holidays prohibited.
c Rate in cents per hour.
7 Double time after midnight.
4
9 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
7 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
6
** Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
7®Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1,1919.
7 Scale became 80 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
®
a




UNION' SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

81

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC .-Concluded.

T a b le

BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
A SBESTO S W O R K E R S—Concluded.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Cents.

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

Per
week,
full
time.

D o lls .

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
weekPer
Full week. half
hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u la r rate
m u ltip lied

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.....................
Cincinnati, Oliio...........
Cleveland, Ohio............
Detroit, Mich.................
Grand Rapids, M ich...
Indianapolis, Ind..........
Kansas City, Mo...........
Milwaukee, W is............
Minneapolis, Minn........
St. Louis, Mo.................
St. Paul, Minn..............

May 15, 1918.

7 81.3
7
70.0
80.0
7 80.0
8
62.5
60.0
75.0
65.0
65.0
75.0
65.0

35.75
30.80
35.20
35.20
27.50
26.40
33.00
28.60
28.60
33.00
28.60

87.5
75.0
80.0

2
2
2
u
2
n
7 2
9
2
2
8 2
0
2

35.20
39.60
35.20
40.00

C ents.

42.00
36.00
38.40

80.0
90.0
80.0

2
n
7n
4
7 li
4
H
H
7n
4
71
4h
7n
4J
71
4

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

D o lls .

70.0
60.0
57.5
62.5
62.5
55.0
62.5
57.5
57.5
71.3
57.5

30.80
26.40
25.30
27.50
27.50
24.20
27.50
25.30
25.30
31.35
25.30

8 - 4 -44

62.

30.00
33.00
30.00

8 —8 —
48
8-8-48
8-8-48

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex.....................
Houston, Tex.................
New Orleans, L a..........

6.
8

62.5

WESTERN.

Los Angeles, Calif........
Portland, Oreg..............
San Francisco, Calif.. .
Seattle, W ash................

10
0 .0

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-0-40

12
12
12

81
i2

(2)
2

(2)
2

72.5
72.5
87.5

34.80
1-8-48
34.80 75 8 - 8 -48
38.50
i-4-44

80.0
70.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
70.0
81.3
80.0
75.0
70.0
70.0

35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 ss 8 - 4 -44
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.75 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
2 30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4

B R IC K L A Y E R S .
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass..........
Bridgeport, Conn..
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Fall River, Mass...
Manchester, N . H . .
Newark, N. J.........
New Haven. Conn.
New York, N . Y . . .
Philadelphia, P a . ..
Pittsburgh, Pa----Portland, Me..........
Providence, R. I . . .

7 80. 0
2
81.3
82 85.0
85.0
90.0
87.5
82.5
87.5
76 80.0
86 90.0
90.0
80.0

35.20
35.75
37.40
37.40
39.60
38.50
36.30
38.50
35.20
39.60
39.60
35.20

2
2
n

2
2
2
2

8 2
4
2
2
H

8-4-44
8-4-44
83 8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
9 li
2
8-4-44
2
8-4-44
8-4-44
2
2
8-4-44
8 2
4
8-4-44
8-4-44
2
2
8-4-44
8 2
7
8-4-44
2
2
2

12
12
8
12
12
12
12
12

8 12
5
12
12
12

2 Nominal rate.

All received more; amount not reported.
» For Sundays; for holidays, double time.

22 Not organized on May 15,1918.
*2 Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
74 Double time after midnight.
vs 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.

Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1,1919.
Scale became 93.8 cents on Sept. 22,1919.
78 Scale became 93.8 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
7# For July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas, triple time,
so For Saturday afternoon, time and one-half.
8 Full holiday on Saturday.
1
•
82 Scale became 90 cents on July 26, and 95 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
83 48 hours per week, Nov. 15 to Mar. 15, inclusive.
84 On new work; on repair work, time and one-half.
85 Full holiday on Saturday, July 1 to Sept. 7, inclusive.
86 Scale became $1 on June 28, and $1,125 on Aug. 15,1919.
8 Time and one-half on Saturday, from noon until 1 p. m., double time thereafter.
7

n

172259°— 20—Bull. 274-




-6

82

BU LLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
BRIC KLAYERS —Continued.
•

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C e n ts.

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

D o lls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R egult wr ra te
mult< ip lied

NORTH ATLANTIC— c o n .

Rochester, N. Y . .
Scranton, P a.........
Springfield, Mass.
Worcester, Mass. .

May 15, 1918.

May 15, 1919.

87.5
. ’ 88 75.0
87.5
. 89 75.0

38.50
33.0
G
38.50
33.00

C ents.

D o lls .

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

70.0
75.0
75.0
75.0

30.80
33.00
33.00
33.00

12
12

9 2
3
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
96 8 - 5 -45
99 8 - 5 -45

12
12
12
12

60.0
75.0
50.6
62.5
75.0
75.0
75.0

30.00 9 - 5 - 5 0
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
24.30 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.75 8 - 5 - 4 5
33.75 99 8 - 5 -45

2
11
11

11
11

2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-5-45
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12

75.0
77.5
90.0
90.0
87.5

33.00
34.10
40.50
39.60
38.50

2
2
2
11
11
6 11
11
2
11

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
62
2

8-4-44
8-5-45
8-4-44
4 8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
7 8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
9
12
12
12
12
5
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

81.3
82.5
81.3
80.0
75.0
85.0
87.5
72.5
75.0
75.0
81.3
85.0
75.0
82.5
87.5
90.0

35.75 8 - 4 - 4 4
37.13 8 - 5 - 4 5
35.75 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 4 8 - 4 -44
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
37.40 8 - 4 - 4 4
38.50 * 8 - 4 - 4 4
31.90 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 7 8 - 4 -44
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.75 8 - 4 - 4 4
37.40 8 - 4 - 4 4
44
33.00 7 8 —4 —
36.30 8 - 4 - 4 4
38.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
39.60 8 - 4 - 4 4

11
2

2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, Md........
Charleston. S. C . . .
Jacksonville, F la ..
Norfolk, Va.............
Richmond, V a ----Washington, D. C.

90 70.0 9130.80
100.0
44.00
75.0
36.00
, 9275.0
33.00
. 100.0
44.00
94 8 7 .5
39.38
. 97 8 7 .5
39.38
.

H
2
11
11

2

96 11
(98)

2
2
2
2

NORTH CENTRAL.

94 87.5
. 190.0
90.0
Cincinnati, Ohio...................
2 90.0
Cleveland, Ohio...................
87.5
Columbus, Ohio...................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line, and Rock Island, 111.
87.5
90.0
Dayton. Ohio........................
93.8
Des Moines, Iowa................. .
Detroit, Mich........................
3 90.0
80.0
Grand Rapids, Mich...........
Indianapolis, Ind................. 90 85.0
Kansas City, Mo.................. . 100.0
90.0
Milwaukee, W is...................
87.5
Minneapolis, Minn...............
87.5
Omaha, Nebr........................
87.5
Peoria, 111..............................
St. Louis, Mo........................ . 100.0
87.5
St. Paul, Minn.....................
95.0
Toledo, Ohio.........................
100.0
Wichita, Kans......................
100.0
Youngstown, Ohio..............
Chicago, 111

38.50
39,60
40.50
39.60
38.50
38.50
40.50
41.25
39.60
35.20
37.40
44.00
39.60
38.50
38.50
38.50
44.00
38.50
41.80
44.00
44.00

(98)

(98)

2
2
2
2
2
11
2
2
2
2
2
11
* Scale became $1,025 on July 1.1919.
a Scale became $1 on May 29,1919.
J Scale became $1 o n June 12,1919.
* 48 hours per week, December to February, inclusive.
« Double time after 1 hour.
« Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
» 48 hours per week, October to April, inclusive.
88 Scale became 92.5 cents on July 1, and $1 on Nov. 1,1919.
8# Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1,1919.
»o Scale became 90 cents on June 1,1919.
More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
Scale became 87.5 cents on Sept. 20,1919.
»» Work on New Year’s Day, July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas prohibited,
w Scale became $1 on July 1.1919.
t» Double time after midnight.
M44J hours per week, December to February, inclusive.
97 Scale became $1 per hour and 44 hours per week on July 23,1919.
»8 Work prohibited.
w 44* hours per week, October to April, inclusive.




8-4-44
8-4-44
8-5-45
8-4-44
g - 4 -44

UNION' SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

83

A____UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
BUILDING TRADES — Continued.
B R IC K L A Y E R S —Concluded.

May 15, 1918.

Geographical division and
city.

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.
Fire-brick work
Dallas, Tex
Houston, Tex
Little Roek, Ark
Louisville, K y ..
Memphis, Teon,
Nashville, T o m
New Orleans, La

Butte, Mont.
Mines and smelters
Denver, Colo........
Los Angeles, Calif.
Portland, Oreg.. .
Salt Lake City, Utah
San Francisco, Calif.
Seattle, W a sh ..
Spokane, Wash.

B R IC K L A Y E R S : SE W E R , TTTNNEL, A N D CAISSON.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.......................... W80.0
87.5
Bridgeport, Conn...................
87.5
N«w Haven, Conn.................
Philadelphia, Pa................... *0 85.0
90.0
Providence, J L I....................
E
97.5
Rochester, N. Y ....................

35.20
38.50
38.50
37.40
39.60
42.90

2
2
2
212

n

2

2
2
2
2 2
1
23 2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

2212

12
12

80.0
75.0
87.5
85.0
80.0
75.0

35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
38.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
37.40 8 - 4 -44
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.001 8 - 4 - 4 4

* Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
* Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
*0 Scale became 87.5 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on June 18,1919.
u Scale became $1,125 on June 1,1919.
is Scale became $1 on Oct. 1,1919.
is Scale became $1.25 on Oct. 1,1919.
n Scale became 90 cents on Aug. 15,1919.
is Double time after midnight.
i« Scale became $1,125 on June 10,1919.
17 Full holiday on Saturday.
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
is Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
20 Scale became $1 on June 1,1919.
2 On new work; on repair work, time and one-half.
1
22 Full holiday on Saturday, June to Sept. 7, inclusive.
23 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon until 1 p. m.; double time thereafter.




84

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
B U IL D IN G T R A D E S —

Continued.

B R IC K L A Y E R S : SE W E R , T U N N E L , A N D CAISSON—Concluded.

May 15/1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents,

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, HI.............................. 125.0
Cleveland, Ohio:
4
Sewer work.......................... 2 110.0
125.0
Tunnel work............ v........
125.0
Detroit, Mich..........................
125.0
Milwaukee, W is .....................
Omaha, Nebr.......................... 125.0
125.0
St. Louis, Mo..........................

55.00

For
For Sun­
days
over­
and
time.
holi­
days.
R e g u l ar ra te
m u l t iplied
by
2
2

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour. week,
full
holi­
time.
day.

8-4-44

12

55.00

12
12
9
12
12
12

110.0
125.0
125.0
100.0
125.0
100.0

48.40 8 - 4 - 4 4
55.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
55.00 4 8 - 4 - 4 4
44.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
55.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
44.00 8 - 4 - 4 4

m

44.00

8-4-44

112.5

49.50

8-4-44

40.0
40.0
45.0

19.20
19.20
21.60

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

12

50.0
40.5

22.00
19.44

8-4-44
8-8-48

H
H
n
2
(25)

2

2

8-4-44
8-4-44
4 8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

44.00

2

2

8-4-44

12

50.00

2

2

8-0-40

17 12

(25)

D o lls .

125.0

48.40
55.00
55.00
55.00
8 55.00
55.00

2
2
2
62

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

8-4-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Houston, Tex......................... 26 100.0

o

WESTERN.

Seattle, W ash.........................

125.0

BUILDING LABORERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Union A ...............................
Union B...............................
Scaffold m en.......................
New York, N. Y .:
Bricklayers’ helpers..........
Excavating..........................
Stonemasons’ work, Man­
hattan...............................
S t o n e ma s o n s ’ work,
Brooklyn........................ .
Philadelphia, Pa................. .
Pittsburgh, Pa..................... .
Providence, R. I..................
Rochester, N. Y ...................
Scranton, Pa.........................
Excavating........................
Springfield, Mass................. .
Scaffold builders...............

2 40.0
7
2 47.5
8
2 45.0
7

19.20
22.80
21.60

1
1
li

2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

2 50.0
9
40.5

22.00
19.44

H

2

2
2

8-4-44
8-8-48

30 60.0

26.40

1§

2

8-4-44

12

47.0

20.68

8-4-44

31 56. 3
32 62.5

24.75
27.50
24.00
23.75
22. 44
24.00
27.00
19.25
24.75

1
H
1*
u

11

2
2
33 2
33 2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
9-5-50
8-4-44
8-8-48
9-9-54
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

12
12

20.68
47.0
62.5
27.50
45.0
21.60
35.0
17.50
40.0
17.60
30.0
14.40
27.5
14.85
37.5 is 18.00
22.00
50.0

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
9-5-50
8-4-44
8-8-48
9-9-54
8-8-48
8-4-44

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

56.3
40.0
62.5

24.75
19.20
30.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48

50.0
47.5
51.0
34 50.0
34 50.0
43.8
56.3

15 U

H
14
H
2

12
12

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, Md.......
Washington, D. C.
Plumbing work..

75.0
50.0
35 62.5

33.00
22.00
27.50

2
11

2

* 48 hours per week, December to February,
e Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.

inclusive.

8 Nominal rate. All received more, amount not reported.
Double time after midnight.
17 Full holiday on Saturday.
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
24 Scale became $1.25 on June 1,1919.
26 Overtime work prohibited.
*6 Scale became $1,125 on June 1,1919.
2 Scale became 60 cents on June 30,1919.
7
8 Scale became 57.5 cents on June 1,1919.
8
2 Scale became 57.5 cents on July 1, and 60 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
9
8 Scale became 65 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
0
3i Scale became 62.5 cents on July 19, and 75 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
a Scale became 72.5 cents on June 1, and 75 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
2
33 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon until 5 p. m .; double time thereafter.
3 Scale became 56 cents on Aug. 2,1919.
4
» Scale became 75 cents on June 15,1919.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le A .—

85

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
BU ILD IN G LABO R ER S—Concluded.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

NORTH CENTRAL.
C ents.
36 57.5
37 77.5

D o lls .

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Per
week,
Futt week. half
hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l ar rate
m ulti vplied
by

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

25.30
34.10

li
li

92
92

8 - 4 -44
8-4-44

12
12

50.0
70.0

22.00
30.80

8-4-44
8-4-44

38 62.5

27.50

li

92

8-4-44

12

56.3

24.75

8-4-44

38 70.0

40.0
57.5
39 40.0
65.0
57.5
50.0
47.5
4 45.0
1
<3 40.0
4 45.0
1
50.0

30.80
20.00
25.30
17.60
28.60
27.60
24.00
20.90
19.80
21.60
19.80
22.00

li
li
li
li
li
li
li
2
li
li
li
li

2
2
2
92
2
2
2
2
42 2
2
42 2
92

8-4-44
9-5-50
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
9-9-54
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12

62.5
35.0
55.0
40.0

27.50
17.50
24.20
20.00

8-4-44
9-5-50
8-4-44
9-5-50

12
12

37.5
45.0
47.5
40.0
40.0
33.3
43.8

18.00
24.30
20.90
17.60
21.60
18.00
21.00

8-8-48
9-9-54
8-4-44
8-4-44
9-9-54
9-9-54
8-8-48

< 43.8
4
35.0

Chicago, 111............................
Caisson digging.................
Shoring
and
moving
buildings........................
W indlass, niggerhead, sig­
nal, and trench-scaffold
m en.................................
Cincinnati, Ohio...................
Cleveland, Ohio...................
Des Moines, Iowa.................
Detroit, Mich........................
Kansas City, Mo.............
Omaha, Nebr........................
Peoria, 111..............................
St. Louis, Mo........................
Excavating........................
Wrecking............................
Wichita, Kans......................

19.25
17.50

45 11

li

2
2

8-4-44
9-5-50

12
12

31.3
30.0

13.75
15.00

8-4-44
9-5-50

i2
12
12

56.3
50.0
43.8
50.0
44.7

27.00
24.00
19.25
24.00
21.46

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48
8 - 8 .-48

21.00
24.75
22.00
30.00
24.00

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44

9

12
12

(4°)

(4°)

(4°)

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Houston, Tex..
Louisville, K y ..
WESTERN.

Butte, Mont.................
Denver, Colo...............
Los Angeles, Calif___
Portland, Oreg............
Shipyards.................
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Calif..
Seattle, W ash..............
Excavating...............
Spokane, Wash..

62.5
47 50.0

.

50.0
62.5
52.0
50.0
62.5
68.8
68.8
5 81.3
0
62.5

30.00 46 70C 46 70c
24.00
li
li
22.00
l i 48 2
2
27.50
2
2
22.88
24.00
li
49 2
f
30.00
2
2
27.50
2
2
27.50
39.00 (51)
1
92
27.50
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-0-40
8-0-40
8-8-48
8-4-44

(40)

43.8
56.3
50.0
52 62. 5
12
50.0

17 12
17 12

(40)

9 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
1 Full holiday on Saturday.
7
3 Scale became 70 cents on Sept. 22/1919.
6
3 Scale became 90 cents on Sept. 22,1919.
7
ss Scale became 82.5 cents on Sept. 22, 1919.
Scale became 50 cents on Msfy 24, 1919.
Not organized on May 15,1918.
4 Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1919.
1
*2 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 3 p. m .; double time thereafter.
« Scale became 45 cents on June 1,1919.
4 Scale became 50 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
4
4 Double time after 7 p. m.
»
4 Rate in cents per hour.
6
4 Scale became 62.5 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
7
4 Members of one union received time and one-half.
8
4 Work on holidays prohibited.
9
60 87.5 cents when working under air pressure.
h Overtime work prohibited.
“ 75 cents when working under air pressure.




(40)

86

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
T

able

A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
B U IL D IN G T R A D E S — Continued.
C AR PEN TEBS.

May 15, 1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
and .
full *
time. time. holi­
days.

C ents.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
urday Per
Full week.
full
half hour.
time.
holi­
day.

D o lls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l a r r a te ,
m u l t I'plied

NORTH ATLANTIC.

30.00
Boston, Mass.................. ...... 19 75.0
i® 75.0
30.00
St-atr builders . . . . . . . . . . .
"Rridg?vport.; C o n n , ____
33.00
75.0
30.80
Buffalo, N. Y ........................ 53 70.0
33.00
Fall River, Mass....................
75.0
26.40
Manchester, N. BE..................
60.0
80.0 is 35. 20
Newark, N. J..........................
N f*w
C o n n ___
28.60
65.0
4
33.00
New York, N. Y ................... 6 75.0
35.20
Philadelphia, Pa. . . . t- . . .
80.0
35.20
Pittsburgh, P a ._ ................... 6 80.0
8
7
19.36
Portland, M e................. ......... 6 44.0
30.80
Providence, R. I—................. 63 70.0
35.20
Rochester, N. Y ........... .........
80.0
30.80
Scranton, Pa_______________
70.0
Springfield, Mass. . . __ ____
33.00
75.0
Worcester, Mass.- ...........
28.60
6 65.0
9

Cents.

~~ 2
2
2
2
2
2
2
f
2
2
2
2
2
6 14
5
2
2
6 14
8
2
2
2
33 2
2
33 2
2
?
W14
2
%
2
2
2
2

8-0-40
8-0-40
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

26.40
2
2
35.20
?
33.60
2
14
31.20
2
14
31.20
2
2
33.00
?
30.00
2
14
38.50
Washington,62 C
D.
14

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 4 ’ -44
84- 54-48
8-4-44

1 12
7
65.0
1712
65.0
12
60.0
12
70.0
12
62.5
12
60.0
12
70.0
12
55.0
12
68.8
12
70.0
12
71.0
7
12 6 44.0
12
60.0
12
60.0
12
60.0
12
65.0
12
62.5

D o lls .

26.00
26.00
26.40
30. SO
27.50
26. 40
30.80
24.20
30.25
30.80
31.24
19.36
26.40
26.40
26. 40
28.60
27.50

8 - 0 -40
8-6-40
8-4-44
8-4-44
* - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga .......................... 8 60.0
0
Baltimore, Md ......................
80.0
Charleston, S. C ....................
70.0
65.0
Jacksonville, Fla......... ..........
Do ..........................................................
65.0
Norfolk, Va .......................... 8 75.0
1
Richmond, Va........................
62.5
.................
87.5

•

12
12

/

12
12
12

25.00
50.0
62.5
27.50
8
50.0 1 24.00
45.0
21.60
8
40.0 1 19.20
62.5
27.50
62.5
30.00
27.81
62.5

9-5-50
8 - 4 -44
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
84- 54-48
8 - 44-444

8-4-44
8 - 44-444
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

70.0
65.0
80.0
65.0

30.80
28.93
35.20
28.60

8-4-44
8 - 44-444
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44

8-4-44
8-5-45
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

67.5
60.0
65.0
60.0

29.70
27.00
28.60
26.40

8-4-44
8-5-45
8-4-44
8-4-44

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.............................. *2 80.0
35.20
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................
70.0
31.15
37.40
Cleveland, O hio.................... 83 85.0
Columbus, Ohio.....................
75.0
33.00
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rocklsland, 111..
33.00
75.0
33.75
75.0
Dayton, Ohio.........................
Des Moines, Iowa.................. 85 65.0 is 28.60
35.20
Detroit, Mich..........................
80.0

2
2

84 l i
84 1£
2

14
14
87 14

2
2
2
2
2
2

82
88 2

« Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited..
1 Full holiday on Saturday.
7
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
is Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
,
8 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m.; double time thereafter*
3
•3 Scale became 80 cents on July 1, 1919.
6* Scale became 78.1 cents on July 1, and 81.3 cents on July 19,1919.
6 Double time after 6 p . m.
6
m Scale became 90 cents on June 1,1919.
6 Nominal rate. All received more; 55 to 71 cents.
7
Double time after 9 p. m.
69 Scale became 75 cents on June 2,1919.
60 Scale became 75 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
61 Scale became 80 cents on Aug. 1, and 87.5 cents on Sept. 18,1919,
63 Scale became $1 on Sept. 22, 1919.
63 Scale became 90 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
8 Double time after midnight.
4
8 Scale became 75 cents on May 24,1919.
5
«8 Work on July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas prohibited.
8 Double time after 8 p. m.
7




87

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUKS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T able A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
C A R P E N T E R S—Concluded.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
For Sun-;
days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

D o lls .

R e g u li®r rate
m u lti 'plied
by
2
n
69
2

NORTH CENTRAL— C O n d d .
C ents.
68 60.0

26.40
Grand Rapids, Mich.............
75.0
33.38
Indianapolis, In d ..................
85.0
37.40
Kansas City, M o....................
70.0
30.80
Milwaukee, W is.....................
75.0
33.00
Minneapolis, Minn.................
75.0 is 33.00
Omaha, Nebr..........................
75.0
33.00
Peoria, 111....................... ........
36.30
St. Louis, Mo.......................... 70 82.5
75.0
33.00
St. Paul, Minn........................
70.0
30.80
Toledo, Ohio..........................
75.0
33.00
Wiehita, Kans.................. .
33.00
Youngstown, Ohio................ 72 75.0

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
week,
Per
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C ents.

2
H
is U
U
i*

712

2
2
922

8 - 4 -44
8 - 44-44*
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

H
4 ll
5
if
H

2
2
62
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 8 -48 ■

n

78 l l

H
if
n
H
1J

2
2
2
62
2

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.
]

D o lls .

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

60.0
60.0
65.0
56.3
60.0
60.0
70.0
70.0
60.0
60.0
68.8
75.0

26.40
26.70
28. €0
24.75
26.40
26.40
30.80
30.80
26. 40
26.40
30.25
33.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

-

4i~44i
4 _4 4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12

55.0
62.5
75.0
60.0
60.0
65.0
50.0
50.0

26.40
27.50
33.00
26.40
26.40
28.60
8 22.00
24.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

8
4
4
4
4
4
4
8

-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44 I
-44 1
-48 I

12
12
12
12
12
12
1 12
7
12

8 7 .5

38.50 8 33.00 8 30.00 8 33.00 8 33.00 8 33.00 8 36.30 808 33.00 8 -

4
4
8
4
4
4
4
4

-44 1
-44
-48
-44
-44
-44 i
-44
-44 j

4 -44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

28.60
65.0
Birmingham, Ala..................
87.5
38.50
Dallas, Tex..............................
33.00
3
Houston, T ex......................... 7 75.0
35. 20
80.0
Little Rock, A rk...................
60.0 is 26.40
Louisville, K y ........................
Memphis, Tenn.....................
33.00
75.0
Nashville, Tenn..................... 8i 60. 0 8 26. 40
28.80
New Orleans, L a................... n 60.0

7 H
5
^ li
76 1|
ll

WESTERN.

100.0
Butte, Mont............................
87.5
Denver, Colo...........................
75.0
Los Angeles, Calif.................
86.0
Portland, Oreg.......................
100.0
Salt Lake City, Utah...........
9
San Francisco, Calif.............. 7 87.5
93.8
Seattle, W ash.........................
75.0
Spokane, Wash......................

44.00
38.50
33.00
37.84
44.00
38.50
37. 50
33.00

2

1*
2
2
.2
2
11

2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
so 8 - 0 -40
8-4-44

75.0
62.5
75.0
75.0
75.0
82.5
75.0

* Work cm Saturday afternoon prohibited.
®Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
• Time and one-half on Saturday afternoons.
1 Double time after midnight.
6
1 Ftill holiday on Saturday.
7
i® More than nalfTeceived more than the scale; amount not reported.
Double time after 7 p, m.
Scale became 70 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
69 Double time after 1 hour.
Scale became 87.5 cents on Sept. 1, 1919.
71 Work on July 4 and Labor Day prohibited.
78 Scale became 85 cents on May 17,1919.
73 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1, 1919.
7 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
4
7 Double time after 2 hours.
6
7« Double time after 10 p. m.
78 Work on July 4, Labor Day, Christmas, and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
79 Scale became 11 on July 1,1919.
so 7 hours per day,- 35 per week, November to February, inclusive,
w Scale became 70 cents on Sept. 1,1919.




88

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
T a b le A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
C AR PEN T ER S: M ILLW R IG H TS.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Cents.

D olls,

NORTH ATLANTIC.

8 75.0
2

Buffalo, N. Y ................
Newark, N . J.................
New York, N. Y ..........

For
For Sun­
over­ days
time. and
holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mas.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
urday Per
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
by—

8 81.3
3

8 80.0
4
6 85.0
3
80.0
90.0
80.0
83 82.5
80.0

35.20
37.40
35. 20
39.60
35. 20
36. 30
35.20

2
1\
5\
61
7£
V
li
2
1
*

80.0

48.00

li

79 87.5
79 87.5
85.0

4-44

C ents.

D o lls .

38.50
38.50
40.80

75.0
70.0

33.00
30.80
30. 25

-44
-44

70.0
80.0
65.0
75.0
70.0
70.0
70.0

30.80
35.20
28. 60
33.00
30.80
30.80
30.80

10 -10 -60

33.00
44.00
35.75

10
0 .0

May 15,1918.

65.0

39.00

.

- 4 -44
- 4 -44

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.....................
Cleveland, Ohio............
Detroit, Mich.................
Kansas City, Mo...........
Minneapolis, Minn.......
St. Louis, Mo.................
St. Paul, Minn..............

2
2
2
2
2
85 2
2

•4
■4
■4
■4
.4
■4
•4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Memphis, Tenn............
WESTERN.

San Francisco, Calif.. .
Outside.......................
Seattle, Wash................

■4 -44
■4 -44
■ 8 -48

36.00
75.0
33.00
75.0
75.0 is 36.00

C A R P E N T E R S: PA R Q U E T R Y -F LO O R L A Y E R S.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

is 75.0

30.00

100.0
75.0
75.0

44.00
33.00
33.00

li
ii

Dallas, Tex.............................
100.0
Houston, T ex......................... 20 97.5
Nashville, Tenn..................... 86 70.0
New Orleans, L a................... 79 75.0

44.00
42.90
30.80
36.00

76 1£

33.00

1 12
7

65.0

26.00

8-0-40

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

90.0
65.0
65.0

39.60
28.60
28.60

8 - 4 -44’
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

75.0
97.5
60.0
54.0

33.00
42.90
25.92

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48

30.00

8-8-48

2 , 8-0-40

2

Boston, Mass..........................
NORTH CENTRAL.

Cleveland, Ohio.....................
Minneapolis, Minn................
St. Paul, Minn.......................

85 2

H

2
2

4 li
5
li

2

l|

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48

li

2

8-4-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.
2

8 26.40

WESTERN.

Los Angeles, Calif.................

75.0

8 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not
reported,
is Double time after midnight.
” Full holiday on Saturday,
is More than half received more than the scale;
amount not reported.
19 Scale became 90 cents June 30, 1919.
20 Scale became $1 on June 1,1919.
*5 Double time after 7 p . m .




8i

62.5

6 Scale became 90 cents on Oct. 1, 1919.
3
6 Double time after 8 p. m.
7
7 Double time after 10 p. m.
6
7 Scale became $1 on July 1,1919.
9
82 Scale became 85 cents on July 1,1919.
8 Scale became 87.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
3
8 Scale became $1 on Sept. 22,1919.
4
8 Work on July 4 and Labor Day prohibited.
5
«6 Scale became 80 cents on Sept. 1,1919.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1919.
T able

89

A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
CAR PEN TER S: W H A R F AN D BRIDGE.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
C ents.
87 65.0

D o lls .

28.60
70.0 88 30.80
27.50
62.5
35.20
80.0

For
For Sun­
over­ days
time. and
holi­
days.
B e g u l ar ra te
m ulti iplied
by
2 ~
2

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

14
2
6514

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

53.0
65.0
62.5
70.0

23.32
28.60
27.50
30.80

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

80.0
60.0

35.20
28.80

8-4-44
8-8-48

12
12

70.0
70.0
65.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
70.0
70.0
65.0
75.0
62.5
70.0
75.0
(9
“)

30.80
30.80
31.20
33.00
33.00
33.00
30.80
30.80
28.60
33.00
27.50
30.80
33.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

2
12
27.50
75.0
33.00
8 - 4 -44
62.5
Baltimore, Md........
14
62
33.00
33.00
2
8 - 4 -44
12
75.0
9 75.0
5
Norfolk, V a ............
8 - 4 -44
96 87.5
38.50
2
2
12
70.0
30.80
Washington, D. C.
c Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
is Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
e Double time after 6 p. m.
e
m Scale became $1 on Sept. 22,1919.
87 Scale became 80 cents on June 30,1919.
88 65 per cent received 5 cents per hour more than the scale.
89 Scale became 70 cents per hour and 44 hours per week on June 1,1919.
»o For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
w Scale became 75 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
92 Double time after 6.30 p. m.
9 Scale became 80 cents on June 13, and 82.5 cents on Nov. 1,1919.
3
9 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
4
9 Scale became $1 on Aug. 1,1919.
6
w Scale became 90 cents on Sept. 1,1919.

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

Boston, Mass..........................
Buffalo, N . Y ..........................
New York, N . Y ....................
Philadelphia, Pa....................
NORTH CENTRAL.

35.20
Chicago, 111.............................. 84 80.0
75.0 is 33.00
Detroit, Mich..........................

CEMENT FINISH ERS.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass..........
Bridgeport, Conn..
Buffalo, N . Y ..........
Fall River, Mass—
Manchester, N . H . .
Newark, N . J..........
New Haven, Conn.,
New York, N . Y . . .
Philadelphia, Pa. . .
Pittsburgh, Pa-----Providence, R . I—
Rochester, N . Y ....
Springfield, Mass. .
Worcester, Mass. . .

is 75.0
81.3
8 65.0
9
85.0
90.0
87.5
82.5
75.0
9 72.5
1
9 75.0
3
80.0
87.5
87.5
75.0

33.00
35. 75
31.20
37. 40
39.60
38.50
36.30
33.00
31.90
33.00
35.20
38.50
38.50
33.00

14
2
14
14
2
2
2
2
9 11
2
14
14
2
2
14

2
8 - 4 -44
2
8 - 4 -44
2 8 8 - 8 -48
9
90 11
8 - 4 -44
2
8 - 4 -44
2
8 - 4 -44
2
8 - 4 -44
2
8 - 4 -44
2
8 - 4 -44
2
8 - 4 -44
2
8 - 4 -44
2
8 - 4 -44
2
8 - 4 -44
2
8 - 4 -44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

(94)

(94)

SOUTH ATLANTIC.




90

BULLETIN- OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
T a b le A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
B U IL D IN G T R A D E S —

Continued.

CEM EN T F IN ISH E R S—Concluded.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
For Sun­
days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied

NORTH CENTRAL.
Cents.
84 80.0
84 87.5

D o lls .

Chicago, 111............................ .
35.20
Composition finishers____
38.50
60.0
Cincinnati, Ohio...................
30.00
Cleveland, Ohio.................... 87 80.0
35.20
60.0
Columbus, Ohio...................
28.80
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
70.0
line and Rock Island, 111.
30.80
70 81
Des Moines, Iowa.................
35.75
80.0 is 35.20
Detroit, Mich.........................
70.0
Indianapolis, In d .................
35.00
87.5
Kansas City, Mo...................
38.50
70.0
Milwaukee, W i s ........................
30.80
75.0
Minneapolis, Minn...............
33.00
, O maha, N c b r ........................ 7 75.0
3
33.00
St. Louis, Mo.........................
82.5
36.30
St. Paul, Minn......................
75.0
33.00
Wichita, Kans....................... 7 75.0
3
33.00
Youngstown, Ohio.............. 99 75.0
33.00

iT
n
?

92

2
2
2

u
ii 33 2
v
i*
9
h 32
2
1t 3
1 2
ii 2
ii 33 2
ii
ii 33 2
H 2
1 2
1
H 2

C ents.

4 -44
■4 -44

75.0
81.8
57.5
77.5
50.0

5 -50
■4 -44
■8 -48

D o lls .

33.00
35.97
.28.75
34.10
27.00

2 .4
60

■4
•4
4
5
■4
•4
-4
•4
■4
•4
•4
•4

-44
-44
-44
-50
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

■8
■8
•4
■4
-4

-48
-48
-44
-44
-44

62.5
62.5
75.0
75.0
60.0

30.00
30.00
33.00
33.00
26.40

■ 4.-44
■ 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 8 -48
■ 4 -44
■ 0 -40
- 4 -44

112.5
75.0
87.5
75.0
87.5
81,
87.5

49.50
33.00
38.50
36.00
38.50
39.00
38.50

33.00
26. 40
31.25
33.00
26.40
26.40
27.50
33.00
28.80
30.00
33.00

■4
■4
5
•4
-9

-44
-44
-50
-44
-54

8 -48

8- 4 -44
4
5
4
4
8
4
4
8
8
4

-44
-50
-44
-44
-48
-44
-44
-48
-48
-44

8
8
4
4
4

-48
-48
-44
-44
-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala..
Dallas, Tex.............
Houston, T e x .___
Little Rock, A rk. .
Louisville, K y ____

75.0
87.5
87.5
87.5
70.0

36.00
42.00
38.50

38.50
30.80

8-

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont.................
Denver, Colo................
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Calif..
Seattle, Wash___
Spokane, Wash............

112.5
87.5
2 87.5
87.

10
0 .0
10
0 .0
10
0 .0

49.50
38.50
38.50
42.00
44.00
40.00
44.00

(3
)

1
2
<2
1
1
2

1 48 hours per week, October to March, inclusive.
2 Scale became $1 on July 1,1919.
s Overtime work prohibited.
* Full holiday on Saturday.
6 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
® Time and one-half on Saturday afternoons.
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
8 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m.; double time thereafter.
3
7o Scale became 87.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
7 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1,1919.
3
84 Scale became $1 on Sept. 22,1919.
9 Scale became 85 cents on June 1, and 90 cents on Nov. 1,1919.
7
98 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
99 Scale became 80 cents on May 17,1919.




■ 4 -44
- 4 -44
■ 4 -44
• 8 -48
■ 4 -44
•8 -48
■4 -44

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

91

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
B U IL D IN G T R A D E S — Continued.
CEMENT FIN ISH ER S’ HELPERS.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

Far

Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

B o l ls .

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Newark, N . J..........................
New York, N . Y ....................

50.0
5 50.0

22.00
22.00

87.5
87.5

42.00
38.50

Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.
R e g i d o r r a te
m ult, ipUed
by

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

H

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

45.0
43.8

19.80
19.25

8-4-44
8-4-44

2

2
2

8-8-48
8-4-44

12

75.0
75.0

36.00
33.00

8-8-48
8-4-44

2

WESTERN.

Salt Lake City, Utah............
San Francisco, Calif..............

CEMENT F IN ISH E R S’ LABORERS.
NORTH CENTRAL.

n

62
72
»2

8 - 4 -44
88 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12
6
12

50.0
50.0
50.0

22.00
24.00
22.00

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44

2
li

2
62

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12
12

62.5
62.5

27.50
27.50

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

60.0
26.40
65.6
28.88
62.5
27.50
75.0
33.00
53.1
23.38
4
52.5 1 23.10
55.0
24.20
60.0
26.40
50.0
22.00
46.9
22.50
53.1
25.50

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48

57.5
55.0
55.0

25.30
24.20
24.20

1*
1|

San Francisco, Calif.............. 10 75.0
75.0
Spokane, Wash......................

33.00
33.00

Chicago, 111..............................
Milwaukee, W is .....................
St. Louis, Mo..........................
WESTERN.

COMPOSITION ROOFERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass........
Foremen............
Newark, N . J........
Foremen............
New York, N . Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, P a . . .
Foremen............
Rochester, N . Y . .
Scranton, Pa........
Foremen............

ii 70.0
30.80
ii 70.0
30. 80
27.50
62.5
33.00
75.0
12 59.4
26.13
is 52. 5 1 23.10
4
i- 60.0
26.40
16 65.0
28. 60
27.50
62.5
50.0
24.00
56.3
27.00

2
2
2
2
2
H
l
l
H
n

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48

i|
* Scale became 62.5 cents on July 1,1919.
8 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoons.
7 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon, May to October, inclusive.
* 48 hours per week, November to April, inclusive.
9 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m .; double time thereafter.
Scale became 87.5 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
“ Seale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
12 Scale became 75 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
is Scale became 65 cents on July 1,1919.
14 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
1 Scale became 70 cents on June 1,1919.
5
16 Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1919.




1

92

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
B U IL D IN G T B A D E S — Continued.
COMPOSITION ROOFERS— Concluded.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
urday Per
Full week. half hour. week,
full*
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u la r ra te
NORTH CENTRAL.

7
37.20
Chicago, 111___ ....................... 1 77.5
Foremen.............................. is 87.5 20 42. 00
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
50.0
24.00
Foremen..............................
60.0
28.80
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
66.0
29.04
Foremen..............................
71.5
31.46
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line ana Rock Island, 1
11.
70.0
33. 60
Foreman..............................
36.00
75.0
30.80
Kansas City, Mo....................
70.0
Foremen'.............................
35.20
80.0
St. Louis, Mo..........................
70.0
30.80
Foreman..............................
75.0
33.00

by
n
n

C e n ts,

■8
•8
■4
■4

li
li
li
li
li
li
li
li
li
li

2
2
6
2
6
2

D o lls .

67.5
77.5
45.0
55.0
50.0
57.5

-48
-48
-44
-44

8 - 8 -48

8 -48

4 -44
4 _44
4 -44
4 -44

32.40
37.20
21 . 60
26. 40

55.0
65.0
60.0
70.0
70.0
75.0

• 8 -48

1 8 - 8 -48
8

26.40
31. 20
26.40
30.80
.30.80
33.00

2 .0
20
25.30

"WESTERN.

Butte, Mont............................
Los Angeles, Calif.................
San Francisco, Calif..............
Seattle, Wash.........................

30.00 2i 77|c 2i 77J
30.00
44.00
45.00

62.5
62.5

2
2U
2

10
0 .0
93.8

-8
-8
-4
•8

-48
-48
-44
-48

1
2

56.3
27.00
50.0 20 24.00
81.3
35.75
87 5
42.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 4 -44
8 - 8 -48

43.8
50.0
37.5

22.00

18.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48

8-8-48

COMPOSITION ROOFERS' HELPER S.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, M ass.............................
Newark, N . J.............................

Scranton, Pa...........................

23 50. 0

8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 8 -48

12
12

li

2
2
2

li

2

is 8 - 8 -48

3

45.0

21.60

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

75.0
69.0
69.0
75.0
73.8
62.5
65.6
65.6
02. 5

33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.12 2 8 - 8 -48
5
30.36 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
32.45 8 - 4 - 4 4
27.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
28.88 8 - 4 - 4 4
28. 88 8 - 4 - 4 4
27.50 8 - 4 - 4 4

22.00
22.00
21.00

50.0
43.8

2
2

24.00

19.25

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.............................. 24 50.0

20

E L E V A T O R CONSTRUCTORS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.......................... ii 87.5
80.0
Buffalo, N. Y .........................
85.0
New York, N. Y ...................
6
Philadelphia, P a................... 2 82.5
6
Pittsburgh, P a....................... 2 90. 6
85.0
Providence, R. I....................
81.3
Rochester, N. Y .....................
80.0
Springfield, Mass...................
80.0
Worcester, Mass.....................

38.50
2
35.20
2
37.40 ' 2
36.30
2
2
39.88
2
37.40
2
35. 75
2
35. 20
35.20
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

e Time and one-half on Saturday afternoons,
n Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
” Scale became $1 on Sept. 22,1919.
is 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
Scale became $1.10 on Sept. 22,1919.
so More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
si Rate in cents per hour.
22 Double time after midnight.
m Scale became 60 cents on June 30,1919.
s* Scale became 72.5 cents on Sept. 22,1919.
2 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
5
2 Scale became 93.8 cents on Nov. 1,1919.
6




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOK, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

93

A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES —Continued.
E L E V A T O R CO NSTRUCTORS— Concluded.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

Dolls.

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga...................
Baltimore, Md...............
Washington, D. C........

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
urday Per
Full week.
full
half hour.
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
b y—

35.20
35.40
39.60

2
2
2

2
2
2

72.

36.30
33.00
39.
35.20
39.60
33.00
33.00
36.30
28. 60
30.25
29. 70
36.30
30.25
31.90

2
2
2
2
2
2 I,
7 .1
2
2
2 li
9
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

3165.0
70.0
70.0

28.60
30.
30.

72.5

31.90
33.00
37.40
33.00
37.40
36.30

80.0
73.
90.0

May 15,1918.

C en ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

8-4-44
8 f- 4*-48
8-4-44

60.0
72.5
72.0

30.00
34.80
31.68

. 4 -44

75.0
65.0
75.0
56.3
75.0
62.5
60.0
70/0
58.5

65.0

33.00
28.60
33.00
27.00
33.00
30.00
26.40
30. 80
25.74
29.04
27.50
30.80
29.04
28.60

■4 -44
■4 -44
. 4 -44

62.5
70.0
65.0

27.50
30.80
28.60

.4
■8
•4
-4
-4
-4

70.0
30.80
4
56. _ 1 27.00
36.00
*75.0
33.00
75.0
36.00
75.0
75.0
33.00

9-5-50
8|- 41-48
8-4-44-

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, III.....................
Cincinnati, Ohio...........
Cleveland, Ohio............
Columbus, Ohio...........
Detroit, Mich.................
Grand Rapids, M ich...
Indianapolis, Ind..........
Kansas City, Mo...........
Milwaukee, W is............
Minneapolis, Minn.......
Omaha, Nebr.................
St. Louis, Mo.................
St. Paul, Minn..............
Toledo, Ohio..................

1 82.
7
75.
90.
80.
90.
75.
75.
82.

2 6.
85
67.5

6.
8

30 2

-4
■4
■4
■4
■4
■4
-4
-4
•4
-4
■4
-4
-4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

6 .0
6
62.5
70.0

6 .0
6

4
4
4
8
4
8
4
4
4
4
4
4
- 4
4

88

-44
-44
-44
-48
-44
-48
_44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.........
Dallas, Tex.....................
Houston, T ex................

■4 -44
■4 -44
•4 -44

"WESTERN.

Denver, Colo.................
Los Angeles, Calif........
Portland, Oreg..............
Salt Lake City, U tah ..
San Francisco, Calif.. .
Seattle, W ash................

6 .8
8

85.0
75.0
3 85.0
82.5

-44

-48
-44
-44
-44
-44

•4
-8
-8
-4
-8
-4

-44
-48
-48
-44
-48
-44

EL EVATO R CONSTRUCTORS* HELPERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

60.0
55.0
56.3
56.3
60.0
56.3
56.0
55.0
55.0

Boston, Mass........
Buffalo, N. Y .......
New York, N . Y ..
Philadelphia, Pa..
Pittsburgh, P a . . .
Providence, R . I . .
Rochester, N . Y . .
Springfield, Mass.
Worcester, Mass..

26.40
24.20
24.75
24.75
26.40
24.75
24.64
24.20
24.20

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 —4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

50.0
46.9
44.0
50.0
50.0
43.8
43.8
44.5
43.8

14 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
17 Scale became $1 on Sept. 22,1919.

26 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
2 On new work; double time on repair work.
7
28 Scale became 70 cents on July 1,1919.
2 Double time after midnight.
9
a) Work on Washington’s Birthday and Labor Day prohibited.
8 67 per cent received 5 cents per hour more than the scale.
1
3 Single time for repair work on Saturday afternoon until 5 p. m.
2
8 Scale became 90 cents on July 18,1919.
3




22.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
22.50 25 8 - 8 -48
19.36 8 - 4 - 4 4
22.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
22.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
19.25 8 - 4 - 4 4
19.25 8 - 4 - 4 4
19.58 8 - 4 - 4 4
19.25 8 - 4 - 4 4

94

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
T able

A__ UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
B U IL D IN G T R A D E S —Continued.
E L E V A T O R C O N ST R U C T O R S’ H E L P E R —Concluded.
May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per
hour.

w eek,

C en ts.

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
t im e .
holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
week,
urday Per
Full w e e k . half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

D o lls .

fuH
time.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l a r ra te
m u lt ip lied

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.............................
Baltimore, Md........................
Washington, D. C .................

50.0
48.8
60.0

22.00
23.40
26.40

C en ts.

D o lls .

2
2

8-4-44
8 f- 4J-48
8-4-44

12
40.0
12 • 48.1
12
47.5

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
802

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
X2

50.0
22.00
40.0
17.60
50.0
22.00
40.0
19.20
50.0
22.00
35.0 20 16.80
40.0
17.60
45.0
19.80
40.0
17.60
43.5
19.14
42.5
18.70
45.0
19.80
43.5
19.14
18.70
42.5

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

1J
2
2

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

35.0
35.0
35.0

15.40
15.40
15.40

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

2
14
2
2
2
2

8»2

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
' “ *i2
12
12
12

47.5
47.5
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

20.90
22.80
24.00
22.00
24.00
22.00

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44

1*
2
2

2

20.00
23.10
20.90

9-5-50
81- 4J-48.
8-4-44

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111..............................
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
Columbus, Ohio.....................
Detroit.Mich..........................
Grand Rapids, Mich.............
Indianapolis, Ind...................
Kansas City, Mo......... .•
.........
Milwaukee, W i s ..........................
Minneapolis, Minn.................
Omaha, Nebr..........................
St. Louis, Mo..........................
St. Paul, Minn........................
Toledo, Ohio...........................

55.0
24.20
22.00
50.0
60.0
26.40
55.0
24.20
60.0
26.40
50.0 20 22.00
50.0
22.00
55.0
24.20
50.0
22.00
45.0
19.80
45.0
19.80
55.0
24.20
45.0
19.80
20.90
47.5

2
2
2
2
2
27 H

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.................. 84 35.0 20 15.40
35.0
15.40
Dallas, Tex..............................
45.0
19.80
Houston, Tex..........................
WESTERN.

47.5
Denver, Colo...........................
50.0
Los Angeles, Calif..................
56.3
Portland, Oreg................. i . .
50.0
Salt Lake City, U tah............
San Francisco, Calif.............. 86 56.3
56.3
Seattle, Wash.........................

20.90
24.00
24.75
22.00
24.75
24.75

li
2
2

2
2

ENGINEERS, PO R TA B L E AN D HOISTING.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass..........................
Bridgeport, Conn...................
Buffalo, N . Y ..........................
Newark, N . J.:
Building and foundation
work..................................
Hoisting iron......................
New Haven, Conn.................

ii 75.0 37 33.00
88 75.0
33.00
89 68.8
33.00

2
2
2

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8 8 - 8 -48
9

12
12

75.0 87 33.00
75.0
33.00
62.5
30.00

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 8 -48

100.0
87.5
3 75.0
8

2
2
2

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

81.3
75.0
75.0

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

44.00
38.50
33.00

12

35.75
33.00
33.00

1 Seale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
1
M More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
2 On new work; double time on repair work.
7
2 Double time after midnight.
9
30 Work on Washington’s Birthday and Labor Day prohibited.
8 40 per cent received 5 cents per hour more than the scale, and 40 per cent received 10 cents per hour
4
more than the scale.
3 Single time for repair work on Saturday afternoon until 5 p. m.
5
86 Scale became 60 cents on July 18,1919.
8 For bjoken time, $1 per hour.
7
8 For broken time, 90 cents per hour.
8
8 Scale became 90.9 cents per hour and 44 hours per week on June 1,1919.
9




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T

able

A ___ UNION

95

SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
B U IL D IN G T R A D E S —

Continued.

ENG IN EER S, P O R T A B L E A N D ,H O IS T IN G -- Continued.

May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
Per
hour.

NORTH

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l wr ra te
m u lti Iplied
by

ATLANTIC —Concld.

New York, N . Y .:
Building work....................
Combination engine and
compressor.......................
Excavating work...............
Foundation work...............
Stone and steel...................
Pile driver............................
Philadelphia, P a.:
Boom derrick on building
construction.....................
Hoist and pile driven........
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
Portland, Me..........................
Providence, It. I ....................
Rochester, N . Y .....................
Steam shovels and com­
pressors.............................
Scranton, P a..........................
Springfield, Mass...................
Worcester, Mass.....................

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
full
half hour.
holi­
time.
day.

C en ts.

C en ts.

D o lls .

D o lls .

12 4175.0

33.00

8 - 4 -44

4
8
4
4
4

12
-44
90.9
75.0
-48
81.8
-44 " * ' i 2
12 « 75.0
-44
12 4i 75.0
-44

40.00
36.00
36.00
33.00
33.00

8
8
8
8
8

-

4
8
4
4
4

-44
-48
-44
-44
-44

-

4
4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
90.0
75.0
12
12
70.0
70.0
12
6
12 4 62.5
12
75.0

39.60 8
33.00 8
30.80 8
33.60 is 8
27.50 8
33.00 8

-

4
4
4
8
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-48
-44
-44

-

4
8
4
4

-44
-48
-44
-44

12

79.5
62.5
7
12 3 75.0
12 8 75.0
7

35.00 '
30.00 ,
33.00 '
33.00

-

4
8
4
4

-44
-48
-44
-44

2
2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12
12
12

27.50
35.20
33.00

-44
-44
-44

2
2
2

2
2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12
•12
12

8- 4
8- 4
4
1 8~
80.0
35.20 i 8 - 4
75.0
33.00: 8 - 4
80.0 * 35.20 8 - 4

38.50
28.00

H

2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 5 -45

12
75.0
12 , 6 60.0
1

33.00 608 - 4 -44
27.00 8 - 5 -46

44.00
41.80
36.00

2
2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 8 -48

12
12

ll

90.0
85.0
75.0

39.60 8 - 4 -44
37.40- 8 - 4 -44
36.00 8 - 8 -48

8
8
8
9

12
12
12

70.0
65.0
70.0
70.0

30.80i
28.60|
31.50I
37.80i

4 81.3
0

35.75

2

2

8 - 4 -44

97.2
4 75.0
2
4 81.8
2
81.8
88.6

42.75
36.00
36.00
36.00
39.00

2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8

-

4 90.0
3
4 75.0
4
4 80.0
5
75.0
4 70.0
8
85.2

39.60
33.00
35.20
33.00
30.80
37.50

2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8

90.9
80.0
8 75.0
7
37 75.0

40.00
38%40
33.00
33.00

2

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

4 62.5
7
80.0
90.0

27.50
35.20
39.60

lh

2
2

80.0
75.0
92.5

35.20
33.00
40.70

9
Chicago, 111.*............................ 4 87.5
62.2
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................
Cleveland, Ohio:
100.0
Boom derrick......................
95.0
Hoist.....................................
Columbus, Ohio.....................
75.0
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island,
111.:
87.5
Boom derrick......................
80.0
Mixing and hoisting..........
75.0
Dayton, Ohio..........................
8
Des Moines, Iowa.................. 6 70.0,

li

2

?
2

!

8
8
8
8

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.............................
Baltimore, Md........................
Norfolk, Va., District...........
Richmond, Va.:
Boom derrick......................
Washington, D. C .................

62.5
80.0
75.0

-44
-44
-44

NOKTH CENTRAL.

38.50
35.20
33.75,
37.80

n
ij

2
n

6 2
2
6 2
2
2
2

-

4
4
5
9

-44
-44
-45
-54

*8 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
8 For broken time, $1 per hour.
7
40 For broken time, 87.5 cents per hour.
4 For broken time, 81.3 cents per hour.
1
4 For broken time, 93.8 cents per hour.
2
4 Scale became 92.5 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
8
4 Scale became 87.5 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
4
4 Scale became 90 cents on June 19,1919.
6
46 For broken time, 75 cents per hour.
4 Scale became 65 cents on July 1,1919.
7
4 For broken time, 82.5 cents per hour.
8
4 Scale became SI on July 1,1919.
9
60 48 hours per week. December to March, inclusive.
® For broken time, 70 cents per hour.
i
62 Time and one-half on Saturday from 1 to 5 p. m .; double time thereafter.
6 Scale became 82.5 cents on May 21,1919.
3




8
8
8
9

-

4 -4 4
4 -44
5 -45
9 -54

96

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
T

able

A .—

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
B U IL D IN G T R A D E S —

Continued.

ENG IN EER S, P O R T A B L E A N D H O ISTIN G — Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL—concld.
Detroit, Mich.:
Bonrn derrick.
rr. . . . .
Hoist.....................................
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Boom derrick......................
Hoist.....................................
Indianapolis, Ind...................
Kansas City, Mo....................
Milwaukee, W is.....................
Double drum, asphalt
plant, and street roller
engines..............................
Minneapolis, Minn— ..........
Concrete mixers.................
Omaha, Nebr..........................
Peoria, 111................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
One engine...........................
Two engines___ *................
St. Paul, Minn.......................
Concrete mixers.................
Toledo, Ohio:
Boom derrick......................
Concrete mixers, cage
hoists, and road rollers..
Youngstown, Ohio:
Concrete mixer...................
Locomotive crane...............
Structural steel...................

.

44.00
39.60

5 55.0 5 29.70
4
4
5 45.0 5 24.30
5
5
72.5
31.90
90.0
39.60
85.0
37.40

100.0

90.0

For
over­
time.

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

R e g u l %r ra te
m u lti Iplied
by

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C en ts.

D o lls .

li

2
2

8 - 4 -4 4
8 - 4 -44

12

75.0

44.00
33.00

li
li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2
2

64 9 - 9 _54
5 9 _ 9 _54
6
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

55.0
45.0
72.5
75.0
75.0

29.70 9 _ 9 _54
24.30 9 - 9 -54
31.90 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 56 8 - 4 -44

li
li
li
&li
7
li

2
2
2

12

2

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44

80.0
75.0
60.0
62.5
75.0

35.20 56 8 - 4 -44
40.50 9 - 9 - 5 4
32.40 9 - 9 -54
27.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4

2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8 - 4 -4 4
8-8-48
8-8-48

12

2

100.0

90.0
80.0
70.0
85.0
75.0

39.60
38.40
33.60
37.40
33.00

59 87.5
60100.0
80.0
70.0

38.50
44.00
38.40
33.60

2
2

90.0

39.60

li

2

8-4-44

12

80.0

35.20

li

2

8-4-44

12

62 70.0

30.80
35.20
39.60

li
li
li

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

42.00
31.20
36.00
38.50

li
li
li
li

2
2
2

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44

12

6 80.0
3
64 90.0

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

li
li

58 2

12
12

12

8-4-44
8-4-44

38.50
44.00
36.00
32.40

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48

80.0

35.20

8-4-44

75.0

33.00

8-4-44

70.0
80.0
90.0

30.80
35.20
39.60

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

62.5
50.0
56.3
87.5

30.00
24.00
27.00
38.50

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44

87.5
100.0
75.0
67.5

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Boom derrick......................
87.5
65.0
Concrete mixer...................
75.0
Hoist.....................................
Dallas, Tex..............................
87.5
Houston, Tex.:
Boom derrick...................... 6 75.0
6
6
Hoist..................................... 6 75.0
75.0
Little Rock, Ark...................
85.0
Louisville, K y ........................
Memphis, Tenn...................... 6 65.0
7
New Orleans, La....................
80.0
80.0
Pile driver............................

33.00
33.00
33.00
37.40
28.60
38.40
38.40

652

12
67.5
29.70 8 - 4 - 4 4
li
12
27.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
62.5
li
50.0
22.00 8 - 4 -48
12
li
65.0
31.20 8 - 8 - 4 4
12
li
65.0
12
28.60 8 - 4 - 4 4
li
50.0
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
li
44.4
24.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
li
5 All received more than the scale; amount not reported. Scale became 65 cents per hour and 48 hours
4
per week Aug. 1,1919.
5 A ll received 10 or 15 cents per hour more than the scale. Scale became 65 cents per hour and 48 hours
5
per week on Aug. 1,1919.
66 48 hours per week, November to April, inclusive.
5 Double time after 6 p . m.
7
5 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 6 p. m .; double time thereafter.
8
5 Scale became $1 on Sept. 1,1919.
9
6 Scale became $1,125 on Sept. 1,1919.
0
6 ScaleHecame 75 cents on May 17,1919.
3
6 Scale became 85 cents on May 17,1919.
3
6 Scale became 95 cents on May 17,1919.
4
6 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
5
6 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1,1919.
6
6 Scale became 70 cents on June 4,1919.
7




2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48

97

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T

able

A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
ENGINEERS, PORTABLE AND HOISTING—Concluded.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
For
week, over­
full
time.
time.

C en ts.

D o lls .

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont......................
87.5
Denver, Colo.:
Boom derrick......................
93.8
Hoist.....................................
87.5
Los Angeles, Calif.................
75.0
Portland. Oreg.......................
100.0
Concrete mixer...................
87.5
Salt Lake City, U tah........... 68 81.3
Concrete mixer................... 6 68.8
9
San Francisco, Calif..............
100.0
Seattle, Wash.........................
100.0
Spokane, Wash............... .......
87.5
Concretemixer...................
87.5

38.50

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Hours:
Full days; with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week, Saturdays;
urday Per
Full week. half hour.
Full week.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l ar ra te
m u lti Iplied
bi/—

41.25
38.50
36.00
44.00
38.50
35.75
30.25
44.00
40.00
38.50
38.50

May 15,1918.

C en ts.

D o lls .

14

14

8-4-44

12

87.5

38.50

8-4-44

2
2

2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-0-40
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
412
12
12

81.3
75.0
62.5
87.5
75.0
81.3
68.8
87.5
87.5
87.5
75.0

35.75
33.00
30.00
38.50
36.00
35.75
30.25
38.50
38.50
38.50
33.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 8 -48
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

57.5
62.5
67.5

25.30
27.50
29.70

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

14
2
2

2
14
2
2

14
14

2
2
2
2
2
2

i2

GLAZIERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.......................... 70 57.5 20 25.30
New York, N. Y .................... 71 62.5 20 27.50
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
87.5
38.50

14
14
14

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

14

2

8-8-48

2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

2

8-4-44

12

8-4-44
84- 54-48
8-5-45

12
12
12

90.0
55.0
60.0

39.60
8-4-44
23.40
84- 54-48
28.80 76 8 - 8 -48

- 4 -44
- 4 -44

12
12

50.0
60.0

22.00
26.40

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.............................

52.1

25.00

Chicago, 111................................. 73 77.5
60.0
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
70.0
Indianapolis, Ind...................
Wichita, Kans........................
65.0

34.10
26.40
30.80
28.60

2
<1

75.0

33.00

29 1J

100.0
Butte, Mont............................
65.0
Denver, Colo...........................
70.0
Salt Lake City, Utah.............
Seattle, Wash.:
Metal and lead.................... 77 60.4
Putty and plate................. 77 75.0

44.00
31.20
31.50

2

26.60
33.00

78
78 l i

(72)

(72)

(72)

NORTH CENTRAL.

14
14

72.5
55.0
55.0
48.0

31.90
24.20
24.20
21.12

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Memphis, Tenn......................

(72)

(72)

(72)

WESTERN.

14

14

75 2

14

2

2
2

77 8
77 8

8-4-44
8-4-44

« Full holiday on Saturday.
More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
w Double time after midnight.
* Scale became $1 on Aug. 1,1919.
8 Scale became 81.3 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
8
7 Scale became 70 cents on July 1,1919.
0
Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1,1919.
7 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
3
** Scale became $1 on Sept. 22,1919.
74 Time and one-half after 1 hour.
71 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
T 45 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
«
7 Scale became 87.5 cents per hour, 8 hours per day, and 5 days per week on June 15,1919.
7
78 Double time after 10 p. m.

172259°—20—Bull. 274------ 7




98

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
T able A*—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Contiiwied.
BUILDING TRADES— Codtinned.
HOD CAR R IER S.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographieal,division and
city.
Per
Per
hoar.

te ll'
time.

NORT^ ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.:
UniottA...............................
Union B ...............................
Buffalo,. N. Y .........................
Newark, N. J..........................
New York, N . Y ....................
Union B ...............................
Philadelphia. P a....................
Pittsburgh, P a.:
Mortar m en.........................
Wheelbarrow men..............
Portland, M e..........................
Providence, B. I . ..... ............
Rochester, N . Y .....................
Scranton, P a...........................
Springfield, Mass...................
Worcester, Mass.....................

D o lls .

R e g u l o r ra te
m u lti ip lied
by
2
n

2 42.5
3
50.0
55.0
50.0 ;
8i 50.0
8 57.5 ,
3
70.0 ;

18.70
22.00
24.20
22.00
22.00
25.30
30.80

8 60.0 ;
3
8 so. 0 ;
3
65.0
50.0
51.0
8 50.0
6
56.3
60.0

26.40
22.00
28.60
25.00
22.44

28 11

22.00

1*

24.75
26.40

l£
2
l£
l£
2
14
1*
H

2

li

2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
M2
M2

2
2
2 .

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; SatPer
Saturdays; tarday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C en ts.

8-4-44
8-4-44
so a - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12 * 42- 5
12
42.5
8
45.0
12
45.0
12
47.0
12
47.0
12
60.0

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
9 - 5 -50
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 5 -45
8 8 - 5- -45
8

12
12
12
12

12
12
12
12

55.0
45.0
50.0
38.0
40.0
35.0
50.0
50.0

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

18.70 :
18.70
22.95 ;
19.80
20w68
20.68
26.40

8-4-44
8-4-44
8*- 84-51
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

24.20
8-4-44
19; 80
8-4-44
22.00
8-4-44
19.00
9-5-50
17.60,
8-4-44
15.40 80 8 - 4 -44
22.00
8-4-44
22.00
8-4-44

75.0
33.00
65.0 8 28.60
7
50.0
22. 50
62.5
28.13

2

2

li

2

n

2
2

n

56.3

(72)
(72)

24.75

(72)
(It)

i

Baltimore, Md........................
Norfolk, v a ............................
Richmond, V a ........................
Washington, D . C .................

i

ATLANTIC.
00

SOUTH

Cents.

For
For Sun­
over­ days
time. and
holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

(72)
(72)

50.0

22.50 8 » 8 - 5 - 4 5

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111............................... 8 57.5
9
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Brick m en...........................
57.5
Mortar m en.........................
65.0
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
57.5
CJolumbus, Ohio.....................
60.0
Dayton, Ohio:
Brick men...........................
60.0
Mortar men.........................
60.0
Des Moines, Iowa..................
62.5
Detroit, Mich..........................
65.0
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Brick men........................... 9i 52.5
Mortar men......................... 93 55.0

25.30

14

*2

8-4-44

12

50.0

22.00

8 - 4 -44

25.88
29.25
25.30
26.40

li
14

2
2
2
2

8-5-45
8-5-45
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

50.0
50.0
55.0
50.0

22.50
22. 50
24.20
22.00

8-5-45
8-5-45
8-4-44
8-4-44

27.00
27.00
27.50
28.60

2

2
2
652
2

8-5-45
8-5-45
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

45.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

8-5-45
20.25
8-5-45
22.50
22.00 • 8 - 4 - 4 4
22.00 90 8 - 4 -44

9214

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12

9214

12

47.5
50.0

20.90
22.00

23.10
24.20

n
n

2
li
li

3 Scale became 60 cents on June 30, 1919.
3
*9 Double time alter midnight,
6 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
9
» N o scale in effect on May 15,1918.
w Scale became 60 cents on June 1,1919.
*o 48 hours per week, Nov. 16 taMar. 14, inclusive.
8 Scale became 57.5 cents on July 1,1919.
1
8 Scale became 60 cents on Sept. 1,1919,
2
8 Scale becam'e 70 cents on June 1,1919.
3
8 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m ., doable time thereafter.
4
s# Scale became 56 cents on Aug. 2 1919.
86 48 hours per week, October to April, inclusive.
87 75 per cent received 10 cents per nour more than the seated
88 444 hours per week, October to April, inclusive.
8» Scale became 70 cents on July 7,1919.
»° 48 hours per week, December to February, inclusive^
9i Scale became 60 cents on Aug. 5,1919.
9 Double time after 7 p. m.
a
93 Scale became 62.5 cents on Aug. 5,1919.




,

8-4-44
8-4-44

r

u n i o n s c a l e o f w a g e s a n d h o u k s o f LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

99

T able A ^-UN ION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
B U IL D IN G T R A D E S —Continued.
HOD C A R R IE R S— Concluded.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
Sun­
week, For days
over­
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

C ents.

D o lls .

May 15,1918.

•

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
urday Per
week,
Full week.
half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R eg u i a r r a t e
m ulti

Ip
lied

NORTH CENTRAL—concld.
4
27.50
Kansas City, Mo.................... 9 62.5
55.0
24.20
Milwaukee, W is.....................
55.0 »24.20
Omaha, Nebr..........................
St. Louis. Mo.:
8
28.60
Union A ............................... 2 65.0
27.50
Union B 98...........................
62.5
26.40
60.0
St. Paul, Minn.......................
24.75
Wichita, Kans........................
56.3
Y oungstown, Ohio................ W56.3
24.75

95 2
96 2

C en ts.

D o lls .

2

8-4-44
w 8 - 4 -44
8-4-44

12
6
12

50.0
50.0
50.0

2
2
li
li
li

2
2
2
96 2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12

55.0
46.9
40.6
50.0
56.3

22.00
24.75

9 1J
5
li

2
2

8-4-44
9 - 4|-49i

12
12

37.5
16.50
40.0 *21.60

8-4-44
9-9-54

0
50.0 2 22.00
0
50.0 2 25.00
50.0
22.00

li
li
li

2
2
2

8-4-44
9-5-50
8-4-44

12
12
12

45.0
45.0
50.0

19.80
22.50
22.00

8-4-44
9-5-50
8-4-44

»

li
li

22.00
24.00
22.00

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44

24.20
8-4-44
20.63
8-4-44
8-4-44
17.88
24.00 is g - 8 -48
24.75
8-4-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Houston, Tex.........................
Little Rock, A rk...................
Louisville, K y .:
Brick men............................
Mortar m en.........................
Memphis, Tenn.....................

150.0
50.0

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont............................
Denver, Colo.:
Brick men............................
Mortar men.........................
Los Angeles, Calif.:
Mortar men, Union A .......
Mortar men, Union B ........
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Brick men............................
Mortar men.........................
San Francisco, Calif.:
Brick men............................
Sewer m en...........................
Seattle, W ash.........................
Spokane, Wash......................

87.5

42.00

li

8 14

8-8-48

75.0

36.00

8-8-48

62.5
65.6

27.50
28.88

* li

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

53.1
56.3

23.38
24.75

8-4-44
8-4-44

53.1
56.3
75.0

23.36
24.75
33.00

li
li
li

li
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

50.0
50.0

22.00
22.00

62.5

30.00

8-4-44
8-4-44

12

62.5
68. 8

27.50
30.25

4 li
4 li

24.75

a 75.0
&75.0
75.0
75.0

33.00
33.00
30.00
33.00

2
2
2

9 li
®

8-4-44

96 2
96 2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

56.3
62.5

27.50

2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
6 12
12

62.5
75.0
62.5
62.5

33.00
27.50
27.50

8-0-40
8-4-44

1 Scale became 62.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
3 For Sundays; for holidays double time.
4 Double time after 10 p. m.
6 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 10,1919.

6 Full holiday on Saturday.
18 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
so More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
2 Scale became 70 cents on July 1,1919.
8
a Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1,1919.
4
96 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
96 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon, May to October, inclusive.
9 48 hours per week, November to April, inclusive.
7
9 Classed as building laborers in report for 1918.
8
Scale became 62.5 cents on May 17,1919.




27.50

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44

8-4-44

8-4-44

8-4-44
8-4-44

100

BU LLETIN OP TH E BUREAU OP LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
B U IL D IN G T B A D E S — Continued.

INSIDE WIREMEN.
May 15,1919.

*

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
weekfull
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
C en ts.
1 7 7 .5

D o lls .

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
half
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l ar r a t e
m ulti Iplied
by

75.0
8 70.0
70.0
75.0
9 75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
n 75.0
13 65.0
is 70.0
87.5
75.0
75.0
17 65.0

34.10
33.00
30.80
30.80
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
31.20
30.80
38.50
33.00
33.00
28.60

2
2
li
2
li
2
2
2
2
12 1|
li
2
li
li
2
1 li
8

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

75.0
Atlanta, Ga.............................
Baltimore, Md........................ 19 70.0
80.0
Charleston, S. C .....................
85.0
Jacksonville, Fla....................
Norfolk, V a.............................. 23 75.0
Richmond, Va........................
75.0
Washington, D. C .................. 100.0

33.00
30.80
38.40
37.40
33.00
33.00
44.00

12 l i

2
li
12 l i
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2 87. 5
4
71.9
2 90.0
8
62.5

38.50
2 31. 98
39.60
27.50

2
2
2
12 li

2
2
2
2

75.0
80.0
2 75.0
8

33.00
35.20

29 9 3 .8

41.25

2
26 l i
4 li
2

2
2 2
7
2
2

Boston, Mass...........................
Bridgeport, Conn...................
Buffalo, N . Y ..........................
Fall River, Mass....................
Manchester, N . H ................;
Newark, N .J ..........................
New Haven, Conn.................
New York, N . Y ....................
Philadelphia, Pa....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
Portland, Me..........................
Providence. R . I ....................
Rochester, N . Y .....................
Scranton, Pa...........................
Springfield, Mass...................
Worcester, Mass.....................

May 15,1918.

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
14 8 - 8 -48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

70.0
30.80
60.0
26.40
70.0
30.80
60.0
26.40
60.0
26.40
68.8
30.25
60.0
26.40
65.0
28.60
65.0 2 28.60
2
68.8
30.25
65.0
31.20
60.0
26.40
75.0
33.00
62.5
27.50
57.0
25.08
55.0
24. 20

8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 8 -48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
3
12
12
12
12

55.0
26.40 8 - 8 - 4 8
70.0
°
33.60 2 8 - 8 -48
57.0
27.36 21 8 - 8 -48
65.0 2 31.20 8 - 8 - 4 8
2
70.0
30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
60.0 2 28. 80 8 - 8 - 4 8
2
75.0
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4

8-4-44
8 - 4i-44i
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

81.3
68.8
81.3
55.0

35.75
30.59
35.75
2 24.20

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

67.5
62.5
65.0
75.0

29.70
27.50
28.60

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
14 8 - 8 -48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

21

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111..............................
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
Columbus, Ohio.....................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111..
Dayton? Ohio..........................
Des Momes, Iowa...................
Detroit, Mich..........................

3 3 .0 0

3 3 .0 0

8-4-44
8 - 4J-44i
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
4 Double time after 10 p. m.
7 Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
8 Scale became 80 cents on July 1,1919.
9 Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1,1919.
10 Scale became 80 cents on June 1,1919.
1 Scale became 90 cents on June 15,1919.
1
12 Double time after midnight.
13 Scale became 72.5 cents on June 1,1919.
1 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
4
15 Scale became 85 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
16 Double time after 6 p. m .
17 Scale became 70 cents on June 1, and 75 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
is Double time after 7 p. m.
19 60 per cent received 10 cents and 30 per cent received 5 cents per hour more than the scale.
20 44 hours per week, August to December, inclusive.
2144 hours per week, June 16 to Sept. 15, inclusive.
2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
2
23 Scale became 80 cents on Aug. 1, and 87.5 cents on Sept. 18,1919.
24 Scale became $1 on Aug. 1,1919.
28 Scale became $1 on July 1,1919.
26 Double time after 2 hours.
27 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 2 p. m .; double time thereafter.
2 Scale became 81.3 cents on May 21, and 87.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
8
2 Scale became $1 on Oct. 1,1919.
9




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AX 15, 1919. 1 0 1
T a b u s A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRA D E S— Continued.
IN SIDE W IR E M E N —Concluded.

May 15, 1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
with
Sun­ Full days; Sat­
Per
For days Saturdays; urday Per
week,
over­ and
Full week. half hour.
full
time. holiholi­
time.
day.

Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls.

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.

Grand Rapids, Mich.
Indianapolis, Ind____
Kansas City, Mo.......
Milwaukee, W is........
Minneapolis, Minn___
Omaha, Nebr.............
Peoria, 111...................
St. Louis, Mo.............
St. Paul, Minn..........
Toledo, Ohio..............
Wichita, Kans...........
Youngstown, Ohio...

3«65.0
72.0
87.5
75.0

3 6 .8
28
87.5
80.0
33 87. 5
32 6 8 .8

80.0
87.5
90.0

28.60
31.68
38.50
33.00
30.25
38.50
35.20
38.50
30.25
35.20
38.50
43.20

R e g u la r r a te
m u ltip lied
by—

2

2

31 2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
31 2
2

Cents.

•4
.4
.4
■4
-4
•4
.4
-4
■4
-4
-4
-8

-44

60.0
67.5
•75.0
56.3
68.8
70.0
65.0
75.0

-44
-44

-44
-44
-44

-44

-44
-44
-44
-44
-48

68.
68.
68.

75.0

Hours:
Full days:
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

26.40
29.70
33.00
24. 75
30. 25
30.80
28.60
33.00
30. 25
30. 25
33.00
36.00 34 8

-4-44
-4-44
-4-44
-4-44
-4-44
- 4 .-44
-4-44
-4-44
-4-44
-4-44
- 8 -48
- 8 -48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la ..
Dallas, Tex.............
Houston, T ex........
Little Rock, A r k ..
Louisville, K y .......
Memphis, Tenn. . .
Nashville, Tenn. . .
New Orleans, L a . .

Butte, Mont.................
Denver, Colo................
Los Angeles, Calif___
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Calif..
Seattle, W ash..............
Spokane, Wash...........

80.0
87.5
87.5

3 7 .0
55
75.0
» 75.0
75.0
38 70. 0

10
0 .0

3 82. 5
9
80.0
80.0
24 87. 5
" 87. 5

10
0 .0
75.0

35.
38.50
38.50
36.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.60

44.00
36. 30
35.20
35.20
38.50
38.50
40.00
36.00

1!
12
2
h
1 2£
2
1
M£
1

11
2|

312

2

2
31

2
2
2

2

2

2
2
2
2
42 2

2
2

! - 4 -44*
1-4-44
i - 4 -44
; - 8 -48
1-4-44
* - 4 -44
5-4-44
1-8-48

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-0-40
8-8-48

62.5
27.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
80.0
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
75.0
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
6
55.0
26. 40 3 8 - 8 -48
24.00
1- 8 -48
50.0
27.50
62.5
1-4-44
1-4-44
60.0 22 26.40
56.3
27.00
! - 8 -48

12
12
12
12
12
12

61
2

87.5
82.5
0 62. 5
72.2
75.0
75.0
87.5
75.0

38.50
36. 30
30.00
31. 77
33.00
33.00
38.50
36.00

1-4-44
1-4-44
I - 8 -48
; - 4 -44
5-4-44
5-4-44
5-4-44
5-8-48

4 Double time after 10 p. m.
e Full holiday on Saturday.
12 Double time after midnight,

is Double time after 6 p. m.

22 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
24 Scale became $1 on Aug. 1,1919.

so Scale became 75 cents on June 15,1919.
31 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
32 Scale became 81.3 cents on June 1,1919.
3 Scale became $1 on July 15,1919.
3
34 44^ hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
35 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1,1919.
3 44 hours per week, July to September, inclusive.
6
37 Scale became 80 cents on June 28,1919.
ss Scale became 90 cents per hour and 44 hours per week on June 1,1919.
39 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 15,1919.
4 60 per cent employed in Government shipyards received 10 cents per hour more than scale and double
0
time for overtime.
4 Scale became $1 on July 19,1919.
1
42 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.




102

BtTLUETnsr OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A-—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
INSIDE W IR E K E N : FIXTtTEE HAW SERS.

May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
G eographical d iv isio n a n d

city.

Per
; hour.

'

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass........
Buffalo, N . Y . _ . .
New York, N. Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, Pa. . .
Rochester, N. Y ..

Cents.

For
Per
Sun­
week, For days
over­ M id
full
time. holi­
time.
days.

Dolls.

Regala? rate
multipUed
--byP

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
half
full
holi­
time.
day.

Cents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Dolls.

7 75.0
« 50.0
75.0
» 75.0
ii 75.0
87.5

33.00
24.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
38.50

2
4 1»
4
2
2
121 k
1
8

2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
« 8 - 8 -48
8 - 4 -44 ;
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

65.0
50.0
65.0
65.0
75.0
75.0

75.0
87.5

33-00
38.50

121k
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

55.0 53 26.40
33.00
75.0

8-8-48
8-4-44

4 81.3
6
35.75
80.0
35.20
4 75.0
7
33.00
so 65.0
28.60
65.0
28.60
5 62.5
0
27.50
33.00
75.0
80.0
35.20
5 77. 5
1
34.10
5 52. 5
2
23.10
55.6
27.50
75.0 5 36.00
3

2
2
«1J
1 l|
2
li
1 1^
2
2
2
441J
li
1 li
2

2
2
4 2
9
2
2
31 2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
9 - 4J-49J
8-8-48

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

75.0
33.00
70.0
3ft 80
68.8
30.25
60.0
26.40
60.0
26.40
62.5
27.50
50.0 5 22.00
3
65.0
28.60
65.0
28.60
50.0
24.00
40.7
22.00
60.0
28.80

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8 —4 —
44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
9-9-54
8-8-48

1 li
2

31 2

8-4-44

12

80.0

35.20

8-4-44

42 2

8-4-44
8-0-40

12
6 12

68.8
87.5

30.25
38.50

8-4-44
8-4-44

12

28.60 8 - 4 - 4 4
24.00 458 - 8 -48
28.60 8 - 4 - 4 4
28.60 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga............
Washington, D. C.
NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, III.................
Cleveland, Ohio........

Detroit, Mieh.........

Grand Rapids, Mich.
In diaaapolis, And___
Kansas City, Mo........
Omaha, Nebr„...........

Peoria, 111....................

S t. Louis, Mo.............
St. Paul, Minn..........
Toledo, Ohio...............
Youngstown, O hio...
SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex.....................

San Francisco, Calif.
Seattle, Wash............

87.5

38.50

54 75.0
2 87.5
5

33.00
235.00

2
2

2

2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
6 Full holiday on Saturday.
7 Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
1 Scale became 80 cents on June 1,1919.
0
1 Scale became 90 cents on June 15,1919.
1
1 Double time after midnight.
3
16 Double time after 6 p . m .
26 Scale became $1 on July 1,1919.
8 Scale became 75 cents on June 15,1919.
0
8 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
1
4 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
2
4 Scale became 70 cents on July 1,1919.
3
4 Double time after 10 p. m .
4
4 44 hours per week, June to August, mclusivB.
5
46 Scale became 87.5 cents on Sept. 1, and 93.7 cents on Dec. 22,1919.
4 Seale became 81.3 cents on July 1, and 87.5 cents on O ct-1,1919.
7
« Double time after 8 p . m.
49 Regular rate on Saturday afternoon.
60 Scale became 70 cents on July 1, and 75 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
6 Scale became 90 cents on July 1,1919.
1
62 Scale became 68.8 cents on June 1,1919.
68 More than half received more than the scale* amount not reported.
64 Scale became 87.5 cents on July 19,1919.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES- AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1&1&.

103

T a m e A*—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Cantinaied.
BUILDING TBABES— Continued.
I<ATT T X »
T S t.S■
May 15, 1918.

May 15r 19l9v

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
with
For Hours:
Per
Sun­ Full days; Sat­
For days Saturdays; urday Per week,
over­
FuUweek.
full
half hour.
and
time.
time.
holi­
holi­
day.
days.

Rate of wages—
G eogra ph ica l d iv is io n a n d
c it y .

Per
week,
Per
hear. tan
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, MasB.:
Metal of wood...............
Wood..................................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Metal or wood.............
W ood..................................
Buffalo N. Y .:
Metal o r wood...................
Wood............................ .
Fall River, Mass.:
Metal...................................
Wood..................... ...........
Newark, N . J........................
New Haven,.Conn.:
Metal...................................
W o o d ................................
New York, N . Y .:
Metal...................................
Metal or wood...................
Wood—
Brooklyn........................
Manhattan and Bronx.
Philadelphia, Pa..................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Metal or wood...................
Wood..................................
Providence, It. I.:
Metal or wood...................
Metal............................... .
W ood..................................
Rochester, N. Y .:
Metal or wood...................
Metal or wood...................

C ents.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
b y—

D o lls .

30.00

2
2

C ents.

75.0

30.25

; 5-

62.5

30.00

; - 8 -48
5-8-48

60.0

26.40

75.0 ” 33.'66

5-4-44
5-4-44
5-4-44

30.25

5-4-44

30.25
33.00

I

C
5
0
)

87.5

• 4 -44
- 4 -44

(57)

a»8i.a

- 8 -48
- 8 -48

(60)

- 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 4 -44

(61)

- 4 -44
- 4 -44

(63)

(59)

2
1
2
2
2
%
2
2
2
2

70.0

(60)

6 75.0
2
75.0

(60)

64 75.0
87.5
(56)
(56)

6 75.0
7

69 2
69 2

6 81.3
8
(70)

2
2
2

85.0

C2
7)

(73)

82.5

(76)

0

75 2

72
5

. 4 -44
- 4 -44

8-

4 -44
■ 4 -44
■ 4 -44

D o lls .
\-

(55)

(55)

75.0

(63)

(65)

(6 )
6
75.0

33.00

68.8

30.25

- 4 -44
■ 4 -44

(71)

• 4 -44
■ 4 -44
• 4 -44

(T4)

8 - 4 -44
4 -44

Full days;
Saturdays}
Full week.

30.00

- a -40
■ 0 -40*

7 75.0

Hours:

70.0

60.0

4 -4 4
4 -4 4

(63)

- 4 -44
J - 4 -44
5-4-44
5-4-44
5 - 4 -44
i - 4 -44
5-4-44
5-4-44
5-4-44
I - 4 -44

(7 )
2
(61)

G-40
! - Q -40

26.40

5-4-44
5-4-44

8 Full holiday on Saturday.
Seale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
is Double time after 7 p. m.
« 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
55 $3.75 per 1,000 laths for 4-nail work; $4 for 5-nail work. Scale became $4.50 for both on June 30,1919.
se $5 per 1,000 laths.
5 $4.75 per 1,000 laths.
7
ss Scale became 87.5 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
59 $4 per 1,000 laths; scale became $5 on Oct. 1,1919.
8 $3.50 per 1,000 laths.
0
8 $3 per 1,000 laths.
1
62 Scale became $1 on Se®t. 15,1919.
8 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
3
8 Scale became 81.3 cents on July 1,1919.
4
8 $4 per 1,000 laths.
5
86 $4.50 per 1,000 laths.
8 Scale became 87.5 cents on July 25,1919.
7
88 Scale became 93.8 cents on June 1,1919.
6 Work on Saturday, from noon to 4.30 p. m. prohibited? double time thereafter.
9
70 $4.50 per 1,000 laths; scale became $5.50 on June 1,1919.
71 $3.60 per 1,000 laths.
72 5.5 cents per square yard.
73 $3.25 per 1,000 laths.
74 $2.50 per 1,000 laths.
75 Time and one-half on Saturday, from noon to 4 p. m.; double time thereafter.
78 $4.10 per 1,000 laths.

7




104

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

.

Tabus A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.,
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
L A T H E R S —Continued.

May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
Per
hour.

Per
For
week,
over­
full
time.
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC—concld.

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
half
full
holi­
time.
d ay -

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l a r r a te
m u lt ip lied

Scranton, Pa.:
C ents. D o lls .
7
26.40
Metal or wood..................... 7 60.0
(78)
Wood....................................
Springfield, Mass.:
Metal or wood .1.................
75.0
33.00
(79)
Wood....................................
Worcester, Mass.:
MetaL...................................
33.00
75.0
(81)
W ood....................................

C en ts.

il “
1

2
1

8-4-44
8 - 4 -44

12
12

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

(80)

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

D o lls .

(61)

(80)

60.0

26.40

8-4-44
8-4-44

62.5

27.50

8-4-44
8-4-44

62.5

27.50

8-4-44
8-4-44

60.0

30.00

9 - 5 -5a
9-5-50
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC. '
Atlanta, Ga.:
Metal or wood.....................
W ood....................................
Baltimore, Md........................
Charleston, S. C .....................
Norfolk, Va.............................
Washington, D. C.:
Metal or wood.....................
W ood............. ......................

6 60.0
2

30.00

2 82 9 _ 5 -50 * 12
9-5-50
12
1*
8-4-44
2
12
86 1
8-8-48
8 - 4 - 4 4 “ *i2*
2

88 81.3 ’ *35.’ 75

1§
1
2
1*
2“

8 75.0
9
8 75.0
9

33.00
33.00

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

35.20

2

B 2
1

8-4-44

(83)

75.0 “ *33*66

(86)

(84)

75.0 *‘ *33:66

(87)

75.0 *33.66

8-4-44
8-4-44

75.0

33.00

12

71.9

31.63

8-4-44

12
12
12

68.8

30.59

8 - 4^-44*

(85)

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, III.............................. so 80.0
Cincinnati, Ohio:
68.8
Metal.....................................
78.1
Wood....................................
(92)
Do ..................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
85.0
Metal or wood, first-class..
75.0
Metal or wood, second class
Dayton, Ohio:
80.0
Metal or wire......................
(94)
Wood, soft...........................
(94)
Wood, hard.........................

?
i*

2
2

8 - 4*-44*
8-4-44
8 - 4*-44*

37.40
33.00

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

35.20

2
2
2

2
2
2

8-4-44

12
12
12

30.59
34.38

2

8-4-44
8- 4- 44

(63)
(93)

37.40
33.00

62.5

27.50

(96)
(96)

(63)

8 - 4*-44*

85.0
75.0

6 $3 per 1,000 laths.
1
6 No scale in effect on May 15.1918.
3
7 Scale became 80 cents on July 1,1919.
7
78 $3 per 1,000 laths; scale became $3.50 on July 1,1919.
79 $3.50 per 1,000 laths for 4-nail work.
80 $3 per 1,000 laths for 4-nail work; $3.25 for 5-nail work.
8 $4 per 1,000 laths for 4-nail work; $4.25 for 5-nail work,
1
8 Scale became 75 cents per hour and 44 hours per week on June 1,1919.
2
8 6 cents per square yard,
3
s* 4 cents per square yard.
8 $4 per 1,000 laths.
5
s6 For holidays; no scale for Sunday.
6 $2.50 per 1,000 laths.
7
8 Scale became 87.5 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
8
89 Scale became 90 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
9 Scale became $1 on Sept. 22,1919. 0
9 Work on holidays prohibited.
1
9 6 cents per square yard for 3-foot laths; 7 cents for 4-foot laths.
2
93$3.75 per 1,000 laths.
9 $4.25 per 1,000 laths.
4
9& per 1,000 laths.
$3
9 $3.50 per 1,000 laths.
6




(63)

8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44

8-4-44
8-4-44

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUKS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 0 5
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
L A T H E R S —Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Cents.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
. Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
Per
Full week. urday hour.
half
full
holi­
time.
day.

B o lU .

NORTH CENTRAL—COndd.
Des Moines, Iowa..................
Detroit, Mich.:
Metal or wood, first class..
Wood, second class...........
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Metal.....................................
Wood, first class.................
Wood, second class...........
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Metal.....................................
W ood....................................
Kansas City, Mo....................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
First class............................
Second class........................
Third class..........................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Metal.....................................
Wood, first class.................
Wood, second class...........
Peoria, 111...................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Metal.....................................
W ood....................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Metal.....................................
Wood, first class.................
Wood, second class...........
Toledo, Ohio..........................
Wichita, Kans.:
Metal or wood....................
D o......................................
Youngstown, Ohio:
Metal or wire......................
W ood....................................

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

80.0

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l ar rate
muli\ Iplied
by
2 ~~ 2
35.20

8 - 4 -44

12

68.8

30.25

8 - 4 -44

12
12

75.0
66.3

33.00
29.15

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

55.0
50.0
45.0

26.40
24.00
21.60

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

Cents.

D o lls.

9 87.5
7
& 75.0
8

38.50
33.00

2
2

42
2
422

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

9 55.0
8
9 50.0
9
i 45.0

26.40
24.00
21.60

li
14
14

2
2
2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

75.0
75.0
87.5

33.38
33.38
38.50

2
2
2

2
2
2

8 - 4£-44£
8 - 44-44^
8 - 4 -44

12
12
12

62.5
50.0
68.8

27.81
22.25
30.25

8 - 44-44*
8 - 4.4-44*
8 - 4 -44

70.0
70.0
70.0

30.80
30.80
30.80

2
2
2

2
2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12

56.3
53.1
46.9

24.75
23.38
20.63

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 _44

75.0
62.5
62.5
71.9

33.00
27.50
27.50
31.63

14
14
14

8
8
8
8

12

62.5
50.0
43.8
71.9

27.50

2

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

81.3
(96)

35.75

2

2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

75.0
(96)

33.00

12

8 - 4 _44
8 - 4 -44

2 62.5
2 62.5
2 62.5
87.5

30.00
30.00
30.00
38.50

2
2
2

- 8 -48
- 8 -48
8 -48
- 4 -44

12

62.5
56.3
50.0
68.8

30.00
27.00
24.00
30.25

8
8
8
8

87.5
0)

38.50

14

2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12
12

75.0

33.00

( 5)

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

93.8
93.8

6 41.25
6 41.25

2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12
12

87.5
(7)

38.50

2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

2 •
2
2

2
2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12
12
12

81.3
35.75
(9) .............
(1 )
0

8 - 4 -4 4
8 - 4 -4 4
8 - 4 -44

2
2

2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12
12

38.50

( 1S)

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

2

14
14

2

2

2
2
82

28
28
28
8

-

4
4
4
4

-44
r-44
-44
-44

12

12
12

12
12
12

-

2 2 .0 0

19.25
31.63

-

-

4
4
4
4

8
8
8
4

-44
-44
-44
-44

-48
-48
-48
-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex.:
38.50
Metal..................................... 8 87.5
Wood, cypress.....................
(9)
(i ° )
W -ood, pine
....
Houston, Tex.:
38.50
Metal..................................... li 87.5
Wood..................................... (IS) .............

87.5

1 Scale became 60 cents on June 15,1919.
2 Scale became 75 cents per hour and 44 hours per week on July 1,1919.
3Work on Saturday, from noon to 4 p. m ., prohibited.
<7 cents per square yard for 4-foot laths, 8 cents per square yard for 32-inch laths; time rate for all other
ithing.
s 5.5 cents per square yard for 4-foot laths; 7 cents per square yard for 32-inch laths; time rate for all other
ithing.
6 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
7 $4.50 per 1,000 laths.
8 Scale became 93.7 cents on July 1,1919.
9 $4 per 1,000 laths; scale became $4.50 on July 1,1919.
w $4 per 1,000 laths; scale became $5 on July 1,1919.
ii Scale became $1 on June 1,1919.
*
i* $5 per 1,000 laths; scale became $5.50 on June 1,1919.
42 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
58 Scale became 87.5 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
96 $3.50 per 1,000 laths.
9 Scale became $1 on Oct. 1,1919.
7
9 Scale became 70 cents on June 15,1919.
8
" Scale became 65 cents on June 15,1919.




106

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOK STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
BITELDING TRADES— Continued.
L A T H E R S —Concluded.

M 15,1919.
ay
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For

Per
hour.

Per
Sun­
For
w eek. over­ days
full
and
time.

SOUTH CENTRAL—

concld.

Louisville, K y.:
Metal................................... .
Wood........................... .
Memphis, Tenn.:
Metal................................... .
W ood....................... .......... .

C ents.

D o lls .

82.5

30.30

75.0

3&00

C)
1
3
(1)
8

time. holi­
days.

M 15,1918.
ay

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l a r r a te
m u ltip lie d
by—

2
2
11
5
11
5

2
2
1 If
5
1 li
5

C ents.

4 -4 4
4 -44

62.5

(16)

D o lls .

(1)
4

1 8 - 8-48
5
1 8 - 8 -48
5

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

27.50]

75.0

36.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

(1>
7
mo
(20)

44.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

W ESTERS.

Butte, Mont.:
Metal...............................
Metal or wood...................
(19)
Wood....................................
Denver, Colo.:
87.
Metal or wood, first class..
Metal or wood, second
class................................... »8l.
Los Angeles, Calif.:
Metal or wood.................... *»75.
(24)
Wood....................................
Portland, Oreg..................... .
87.
Salt Lake City, Utah:
87.
Metal or wood, first class..
Metal or wood, second
78.
class...................................
100.
San Francisco, Calif_______
Seattle, W ash,.......................
100.
Spokane, Wash.:
Metal................................... .
87.
(28)
W ood ...................................

12
8
2

44.00

1 2
8

38.50

1*
li
2
2

35.75
33.00

26 2

38.*50

8-

4 -4 4
4 -4 4
| -44

5 - 4 -44
5-4-44
5-4-44
5-4-44
5-4-44

38.50

5-4-44

34.36
40.00
40.00

5-4-44
5-0-40
5-0-40

38.50

5-4-44
5-4-44

1
2
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
27 12
12
12
12

75.0

33.00

8-4-44

30.25

8-4-44

56.3

24.75

87.5

38.50

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

75.0

33.00

8-4-44

75.0
87.5
87.5

33.00
38.50
35.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8 —0 -40

75.0

33.00

8-4-44
8-4-44

75.0
70.0
75.0
68.8

33.00 8 30.80 8 36.00 *68 30.25 8 -

(25)

(*>
)

MARBLE SETTERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.......................... so 85.0
81.3
Bridgeport, Conn..................
Buffalo, N. Y .......................... 38 85.0
75.0
Newark, N. J..........................

37.40
35.75
37.40
33.00

2
2
li
2

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
3 8 - 4 -44
1
8-4-44

12
12
8
12

4 -44
4 -4 4
8 -48
4 -4 4

13 $4.75 per 1,000 laths,
i* $3.25 per 1,000 laths.
15 Scale became 44 hours per week, and double time for overtime, Sundays, and holidays, on July 7,1919.
1 6 cents per square yard.
6
17 10 cents per square yard.
is For holidays; for Sundays, regular rate.
19 8 cents per square yard.
a 7 cents per square yard.
o
ai Seale became $1 on Aug. 15,1919.
M Scale became 87.5 cents on Aug. 15 ,191&
as Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1,1919.
24 $3 per 1,000 laths; scale became $3.50 on July 1,1918.
a $2.25 per 1,000 laths.
s
20 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
27 Full holiday on Saturday.
$4.50 per 1,000 laths.
« $3.75 per 1,000 laths.
8 Scale became 87.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
0
3 48 hours per week, Nov. 16 to Mar. 15, inclusive.
1
4 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
6




UNION SCAL.B OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 0 7
Table A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
M A R B L E SE T T E R S— Continued.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC— C O n d d .

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
urday Per
week,
Full week.
half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R eguht r m t e
m u lti Iplied
by

C en ts.

3*70.0
3 75.0
3
30 85.0
30 85.0
75.0
81.3
3 85.0
0

30.80
33.00
37.40
37.40
33.00
39.00
37.40

2 ~~ 2
2
2
2
n
2
2
2
2
2
?

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12

3 70.0
4
3 75.0
5
87.5
3 75.0
6

New Haven, Conn..
New York, N. Y . . .
Philadelphia, Pa...
Pittsburgh, Pa........
Rochester, N. Y - . *.
Scranton, Pa..........
Springfield, Mass. .

30.80
33.00
38.50
33.00

2
2

2
2
2
2

3 85.0
0
3 85.0
0
3 85.0
0

37.40
37.40
37.40

37 i j

87.5
3 85.0
0
93.8
30 85.0
3° 85.0

2
2
2

. 3975.0
. 3 85.0
0
, 3 85.0
0
. '30 85.0
4 68. 8
2
85.0
4 81.3
3
87.5

38.50
37.40
41.25
37.40
37.40
33.00
37.40
37.40
37.40
30.25
37.40
35. 75
38.50

87.5
6 68.8
3 68.8
3
75.0
4 80.0
4
» 75 . a

38.50
30.25
30.25
33.00
35.20
33.00

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

12

70.0
68.8
75.0
75.0
71.9
68.8
75.0

30.80
30.25
33.00
33.00
31.63
33.00
33.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

68. 8
75.0
75.0
68.8

33.00
33.00
33.00
30.25

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

75.0
75.0
75.0

33.00
33.00
33.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
3 8 - 4 -44
8
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
41 8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

H

2

l*

2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, Md.......
Norfolk, Va....... .
Washington, D. C.

u

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111...........................
Cincinnati, Ohio....................

Cleveland, Ohio...................
Davenport, Iowa, and MoDayton, Ohio..............
Des Moines, Iowa____
Detroit, Mich............. .
Grand Rapids, Mich..
Indianapolis, Ind-----Kansas City, Mo....... .
Milwaukee, W is........ .
Minneapolis, Minn_
_
Omaha, Nebr.............
St. Louis, Mo............. .
St. Paul, Minn............
Wichita, Kans............

n

1£

U

4°
U

1£
H

1*
1§

2

12
75.0
12
75.0
12
81.3
9
75.0
12
75.0
12
75.0
12 * 75.0
12
75.0
5
71.9
12
68.8
12
75.0
12
75.0
75.0
12

33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.75 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 3 8 - 4 -44
8
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
31.63 41 8 - 4 -44
30.25 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4

12
12
12
12
12
12

38.50
30.25
30.25
30.25
35.20
27.50

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala...
Dallas, Tex............. .
Houston, Tex..........
Louisville, K y .........
Nashville, Tenn—
New Orleans, L a . ..

2

11
H
4 u
5

2
2
2
2

« Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
2 Scale became 87.5 cents on Aug. 15,1919.
2
3° Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1,1919.
32 Scale became 85 cents on June 1,1919.
33 Scale became 81.3 cents on July 1,1919.
3< Scale became490 cents on June 1,1919.
35 Scale.became 80 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
so Scale became 85 cents on July 1,1919.
8 Double time after 10 p. m7
38 48 hours per week, December to February, inclusive.
3 Scale became 85 cents on July 1, and 87.5 cents on Sept. 1,
®
40 Double time after 7 p. m.
4 48 hours per week, October to April, inclusive.
1
« Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
4 Scale became 87.5 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
3
4 Scale became 90 cents on Aug. 15,1919.
4
4 Double time after midnight.
5




87.5
6 68.8
68.8
68.8
80.0
62.5

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

108

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
M AR BLE S E T T E R S—Concluded.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per • week,
hour.
full
time.

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour. week,
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

E e g u l ar ra te
m u lti Iplied

WESTERN.
C ents.

100.0
Butte, M o n t..........................
85.0
Denver, Colo...........................
85.0
Los Angeles, Calif..................
87.5
Portland, Oreg.......................
85.0
Salt Lake City, Utah............
87.5
San Francisco, Calif..............
0
Seattle, W ash......................... 3 85.0

D o lls .

48.00
37.40
37.40
38.50
37.40
38.50
34.00

if ~
14
14 26 2
2
14
2
14
2
14
2
2
2
2

C en ts.

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-0-40

D o lls .

27 12

100.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0

48.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

i2
12
12
12
12

MARBLE SETTERS’ HELPERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

2

8-4-44

12

43.8

19.25

8 - 4 -44

2

8-4-44
8-5-45
8-4-44

12
12
12

50.0
35.0
40.0

22.00
15.75
17.60

8-4-44
8-5-45
8-4-44

12
12
12

(2 . 8
56.3

4 50.0
7

22.00

2

57.5
Chicago, III..............................
40.0
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
9
St. Louis, Mo.......................... 4 45.0

25.30
18.00
19.80

37 1£

14
14

48 2

27.50
22.00
27.50

3 li
7
14
2

48 2

New York, N. Y ....................
NORTH CENTRAL.

2

WESTERN.

62.5
Salt Lake City, Utah............
San Francisco, Calif.............. 6150.0
68.8
Seattle, Wash.........................

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-0-40

*7

(50)

19.25
24.75

8-4-44

MOSAIC AND TERRAZZO WORKERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

4 68.8
3

30.25

2

2

8-4-44

12

62.5

27.50

8-4-44

5 55.0
2
63 50.0
W 40.0

24.20
22.00
17.60

14
14
14

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

55.0
50.0
40.0

24.20
22.00
17.60

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

Chicago, 111.............................. 66 80.0
50.0
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
Detroit, Mich.......................... 66 67.0

35.20
22.00
29.48

14
14
14

2
li
14

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

68.8
50.0
67.0

30.25
22.00
29.48

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

New York, N. Y ....................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
First class............................
Second class........................
Third class...........................
NORTH CENTRAL.

*6 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
*7 Full holiday on Saturday.
so Scale became 87.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
3 Double time after 10 p. m.
7
4 Scale became 87.5 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
3
*7 Scale became 56.3 cents on Aug. 1. and 62.5 cents on Aug. 15,1919.
*8 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
49 Scale became 52.5 cents on June 1,1919.
*° Not organized on May 15,1919.
w Scale became 62.5 cents on June 20,1919.
w Scale became 65 cents on Aug. 20,1919.
»3 Scale became 55 cents on Aug. 20,1919.
m Scale became 50 cents on Aug. 20,1919.
» Scale became 92.5 cents on Sept. 22,1919.
66 Scale became 83 cents on June 1,1919.




109

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T able

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
PAINTERS.
May 1 5 ,1 9 1 9 .

May 1 5 ,1 9 1 8 .
4

Rate of
wages—

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

•
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass..........................
Bridgeport, Conn...................
Buffalo, N. Y ..........................
Fall River, Mass....................
Manchester, N. H ..................
Newark, N . J..........................
New Haven, Conn.................
New York, N. Y ....................
Philadelphia, P a....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
Portland, Me..........................
Providence, R. I ....................
Rochester, N . Y ....................
Scranton, P a...........................
Springfield, Mass...................
Worcester, Mass.....................

C en ts. D o lls .
6 8 2 .5
7
3 3 .0 0
7 0 .0
3 0 .8 0
6 2 .5
3 0 .0 0
6 2 .5
2 7 .5 0
6 2 .5
27.50
7 5 .0
33.00
6 2 .5 69 27.50
6 7 5 .0
0
33.00
7 5 .0
33.00
8 7 .5
38.50
7 5 .0
33.00
6 2 .5 69 27.50
7 5 .0
33.00
6 6 5 .0
2
28.60

Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
For
Full days; with
For Sun­ Saturdays; Sat­
Per
over­ days Full week. urday
and
half hour.
time. holi­
holi­
days.
day.
R e g u l x r r a te
m u lti p lied
by
"" 2
26 2

2
2

3 li
7

882 688 -

1J

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

26.40
30.25

1*
4 1*
6

2
2

3 1 .2 0

1*
1*
4 1*
6

u

38.50
27.50
33.00
30.80

2

33.00
28.60
33.00
35.20

2
< 1*
6
1*

9

D o lls .
3 0 .0 0
2 7 .5 0

88-

0 -4 0
4 -4 4

8
27.00 6 8 _ 8
24.20 8 - 4
22.00 8 - 4
2 7 .5 0
8 - 4
69 23.38
8 - 4
2 7 .5 0
8 - 4
26.40 8 - 4
29.70 8 - 4
24.20 8 - 4
27.50 8 - 4
8 - 4
2 7 .5 0
22.00 8 - 4
26.40 8 - 4
27.50 8 - 4

-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

8 - 4 -44
* 8 - 4 -44

12
12

50.0
56.3

24.00
24.75

8 - 8 -48
8 - 4 -44

50.0

24.00

3 1 .3

1 5 .0 0

2

6 8
0
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

C en ts.
7 5 .0
6 2 .5
5 6 .3

55.0
50.0

66 2

Atlanta, Ga.............................
60.0
Baltimore, Md........................
68.8
Charleston, S. C.:
Union A ...............................
65.0
Union B ...............................
50.0
Jacksonville, F la....................
7 5 .0
Norfolk, V a............................. 6 75.0
3
Richmond, Va........................
60.0
Washington, D. C................. 6 75.0
4

8 -48

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

(66)

1*
1*
1*

30.80
30.80

2
611 *
1*
1*
4 1*
6
2
1*
2

2 12
7

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

8
8
8
8

2
2
2
2
2
2

70.0
70.0

2

46 1*

-

0 -4 0
4 -4 4

Per
week,
full
time.

6 2 .5
5 3 .1
6 2 .5

60.0
6 7 .5

55.0
6 2 .5
6 2 .5

50.0
60.0
62.5

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

24.00
33.00
33.00
28.80
33.00

2
1*

8 8 8 8 8* 8 -

8 -48
8 -48
4 -44
4 -44
4*-48
4 -44

12
12
12
12

50.0
24.00
60.0
28.80
9
50.0 6 24.00
33.00
75.0

8
8
8
8
8
8

-

8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
—
48
-48
-48
4 -44

-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12

75.0
60.0
67.5
60.0

33.00
26.40
29.70
26.40

8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
8 -48
4 -44
4 -44

12
12
12

65.0
28.60
55.0
24.75
65.0
28.60
70.0
30.80
55.0
26.40
9
55.0 6 24.20
30.80
70.0

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
5
4
4

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111..............................
87.5
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
62.5
7
Cleveland, Ohio..................... 6 75.0
Columbus. Ohio.....................
70.0
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111..
75.0
65.0
Dayton. Ohio..........................
75.0
Des Momes, Iowa..................
80.0
Detroit, Mich..........................
65.0
Grand Rapids, Mich.............
Indianapolis, lnd...................
70.0
»
Kansas City, M o ................... < 82.5

3 1 .2 0

30.80
36.30

1*
1*
li
4 1*
6

62
8
2

62
8

2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4

12
12
12

26 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.

2 Full holiday on Saturday,
7
a Double time after 10 p. m.
?
« Double time after midnight.
67 Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
68 44 hours per week, July to March, inclusive.
*9 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
e Scale became $1 per hour and 40 hours per week on Aug. 15,1919.
o
6 Double time after 9 p. m.
1
6 Scale became 70 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
2
6» Scale became 87.5 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1 , and 90 cents on Sept. 2,1919.
66 Work prohibited.
66 For Saturday afternoons and Sundays; work on holidays prohibited.
6 Scale became 80 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
7
68 work on Saturday afternoon and Labor Day prohibited.
6* Scale became 87.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
>




-44
-44
-44
-44

-44
-45
-44
-44
8 -48
4 -44
4 -44

110

BULLETIN

or

THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Tabus A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRABES—Continued.
P A IN T E R S —Concluded.

May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; SatFor
Per
over­ days Fall week. t o hour. week,
and
full
time). holi­
holi­
time.
days.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

Per

Per week,
how
ir. fun
time.

Regut& rKsU;
m uM ipU ed

NORTH CENTRAL— Concld.
D o lls .

Milwaukee, W is...................
Miimespells, Mirra.........
Omaha, Neor.............. .........
Pe©tiaTIH .................. ..........
St. Lewis, Mo........................
St. Pawl, M inn....................
Toted;Of, OMo.........................
Wichita, Kans......................
Youngstown, Ohio..............

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

7&0
70.0
» 75.0
65
75.0
70.0
75.0
85.0
75.0

30.80
30.80
33.00
28.60
33.00
30.80
33.00
37,40
33.00

75.0
87.5
87.5
80.0
62.5
75.0
62.5
65.0

33.00
38.50
38>50
35.20
9 27.50
33.00
27.50
28.60

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

li
♦ li
H
2
li
« li

li
« li
2
2
li
«li

li

if

71 2

C en ts.

D o lls .

60.
62.5
62.5
65.0
75.0
62.5“
62.5
65.

26.40
27.56
27.50

68.8

8-4-44
8-4-44
8- - 4 -44
2S 09 8 - 4 - 4 4
.
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
27.50, 8 - 4 - 4 4
27
T.
8-4-44
28.601 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.25 8 - 4 - 4 4

62.
70.
65.
65.0
50.0
62.5
42.5
50.0

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

27.50- g - 4 - 4 4
30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
8-4-44
28.
28. ©0f 8 - 4 - 4 4
2 *. 00 8 - 8 - 4 8
4
27.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
20.40 4 8 - 8 -48
6
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

SO FT S CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la .___ _. . . .
Dallas, Tex........................ ..
Hoosten, Tex.......................
Little Rock, Art:. . ..............
Louisville, K y ......................
Memphis, Ternn....................
N ashville, Tenn...................
New Orleans,. L a..................

- 4 -44
•4 -44
. 4 -44
■4 -44
•4 -44
. 4 -44
■4 -44
- 4 -44

W ESTERN.

Butte,- Moat . . . . . . .................
Denver, Goto.........................
Los-Attgeles, Calif................
Portland, Oreg.....................
Salt Lake City,. U tah..........
San Francisco, Calif............
Seattle, W ash.......................
Ship painters.....................
Spokane, W ash....................

44.00
85.0
37.40
75.0 » 33.00
90.
3&
90.0
39.601
7 87.5
3
38.50
7* 90.0
36.00
35.20
80.0
33.00
75.0

100,0

6
2 22
8
U 2U
72 1,
li
«

«1
^
2
2
2

28

l
\

2
2
2

li

1
2
1
2
12
12
12
12
2712
12
12

* 4 -44
■4 -44
* 4 -44
- 4 -4 4
- 4 -44
■ 4 -44
- 0 -40
■ 4 -44
- 4 -44

39-. 60
30.25
56. 5a24.75
30.80
70.0
75.
33.00
75.0
33.00
75.0
30.00
30.25
70.0
30.80

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 0 -40
8-4-44
8-4-44

80.0
60.0

3 2 .0 0

26*40

8-0-40
8-4-44

90.0

68.

P A IN T E R S , FRESCO.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

76 87.5

38.50

21 75.0

75.0
70.0
70.0

2
3 li
7

2
2

2 7 200c
7

33.00
2
33.00 7 l i
8
2
6 30.80
3
6 30.80 7 1£

2
2
79 2

2

7
8 - 0 - 4 0 |2 |2
8 - 4 - 4 4 i 12
*

12

87.5

38.50

8-4-44

8-4-44 :
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44 j

12
12
12
12

27.50
62.5
6O.0 : 26.40
60.0 •26.40
6 2 ,5 •27.50

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

1

35^.00
29,70

**

5 87.5
7
67.5

0
0
1

Boston, Mass_________ _...
Fall River. Mass— . . . . .
New York, N . Y .;
Brooklyn..........................
Manhattan, Bronx, Rich
mond, and Queens___
Philadelphia, Pa................
Springfield, Mass...............
Worcester, Mass.................

xi Work on Saturday afternoon,. Labor Day, and
^Nominal rate. A ll received mere; amount not
Christmas prohibited.
reported.
72 For Sundays; for hoEdays. double time,
21 Scale became $1 on Aug. 15,1919.
w Scale became $ 1 on July 28,1919.
>
26 work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
27 Full holiday on Saturday.
?4 Seale became H on June 15,1919.
78 For Sundays; work on holidays prohibited.
37 Double time after 1ft p. m .
« Double time after midnight.
tv Scale became $1 per hour and 40 hours per week
4 44 hours per week, June, to August, inclusive..
6
on Aug. 15,1919.
i t Rate in cents per hour.
57 Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
7a Double time after 9 p. m.*
59 More than half received mQEe than the scale;
7# Work on Saturday afternoon and Labor Day
amount not reported.
prohibited.
70 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 15,1919.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR,, MAY 15, 1919. H I
T a b le

A.r-UN!ON SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUJELDD e* TRADES—Continued.
&
P A IN T E R S, FRESCO—Concluded.

May 15> 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per
bourtime.

For
[Sun­
days
■and
hoBIdays.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Fmll days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
week,
Full week- urday hour.
full
half
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g i d o r ra te
m u lti \plied

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
C en ts.

Charleston, S . C ..... ...............

For
over­
time.

May 15, 1918.

70.0

C en ts.

D oU s.

33.60 s

8

~

2

8 - &-4S

80:2

8 - 4 -44;
8 - 4 -44:

12
12

8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44)
8 - 0 -40

12
12
12
2T12

56.3

D oU s.

27.00

8 - &-4S

NORTH. CENTRAL*

Cincinnati, Ohio..____ ____
Indianapolis, Iikfc.____ . . . . .

67.5 j 29.70 :
70.0 ?69 30.80

if

%

65.0
28.6Q 8 - 4 - 4 4
55.0 6*24.20 ; 8 - 4 - 4 4

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont...........................
Los Angeles. Caiif.. . . . . . . . . .
Salt Lake. City, Utah...........
Seattle, Wash...................

100.0
75.0
90.0
*4 90.0

2
44.00
33.00
3®. 60 : 45;4
2
36.00

26:2

n

2

90.0
62.5
75.0
75.0

39.60
27.50
33.00
30.00

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-0-40

P A IN T E R S, SIGN.
NORTH! ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass........
Bridgeport, Conn..
Buffalo, N . Y .........
New York, N . Y ...
Philadelphia, P a . .
Pittsburgh, Pa___
Rochester, N . Y . . .
Springfield, Mass..
Worcester, Mass...

2
8*68.8 5*30.25
62.5 6*30.00 4&1*
38.50
8*87.5
ii
2
2193.8
41.25
34.87
79.3
li
100.0
44.00 t
n
78.1
2
34.38
35.75
2
81.3
70.0 6 30.80 78 11
9

2
li
2
79-2
2
2
2

ii

12

2

8-4-44;
8 - 8 -48
g - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12

68.8 5 30.25 ■
8
62.5 ■5*30.00 •
75.0
33.00
33.00
75.0
68.8 5 30.25
9
72.5
31.90
27.50
62.5
60.0 6 26.40
62.5
27.50

2

8-4-44

12

68*8

79 2

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

SOTJTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.

90.6

39.87

30.25

8 - 4 -44

NORTH CENTRAE.

35.75 .8 - 4 - 4 4
2
2
8-4-44
12
81.3
100.0
44.00
28.88 8 - 4 - 4 4
2
8-4-44
12
65.6
75.0
33.00
n
87.5
38.50
8-4-44
12
75.0
33.00 8 - 4 -44
li
i*
(83)
(83)
2
8-4-44
12
75.0 <>33.00
(«0
H
75.0
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
2
8-4-44
12
87.5 5*38.50
H
24.75 = 8 - 4 - 4 4
2
8 - 4 -44
12
56,3
75.0
33.00
Ii
27.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
2
8 - 4 -44
12
62.5
75.0
33.00
Ii
8-4-44
90.0
39.60 ■ 4 l i
2
12
81.3
35.75 8 - 4 - 4 4
6
68.8
30.25 8 - 4 - 4 4
2
8-4-44
87.5
38.50
12
Ii
2
28.60 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20
8 - 4 -44
80.0:
12
65J
l i 7 11
* Nominalrate. All received more; amount not reported.
21 Scale became SI on Aug. 15,1919.
26 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
2 Full holiday on Saturday.
7
« Double time after midnight.
*9 More than half received more than tfre scai^, amount not reported^
72 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
74 Scale became $1 on June 15,1919.
78 Double time after 9 p. m.
7# Work on Saturday afternoon and on Labor Bay prohibited.
so For Saturday afternoon and Sunday; work on Memorial Day, July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day,
and Christmas prohibited.
Scale became 90 cents' on June 1,1919.
82 Scale became $1 on Sept. 1,1919.
»3 Not reported.

Chicago, 111....................
Cincinnati, Ohio.........
Cleveland, Ohio..........
Dayton, Ohio..............
Detroit, Mich...............
Grand Rapids, Mich..
Indianapolis, Ind........
Kansas City, Mo.........
Milwaukee, W is....................
Minneapolis, Minn................




BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

112
T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
P A IN T E R S : SIGN—Continued.

May 15,1919.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
with
Sun­ Full days; Sat­
Per
For days Saturdays;
week,
Per
over­
Full week. urday hour.
full
and
half
time. holiholi­
time.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C en ts.

Dolls.

R eg u T a rra te
m u ltip lie d

NORTH CENTRAL— C O n d d .

Omaha, Nebr........................
Peoria, 111..............................
St. Louis, Mo........................
St. Paul, Minn.....................
Wichita, Kans......................
Youngstown, Ohio..............

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

75.0
75.0
100.0
80.0
90.0
100.0

C e n ts .

5 33.00
9

D o lls .

75.0 5933.O
O
65.0
28.60
75.0
33.00
28.60
65.0
33.60
70.0
(83)
(83)

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

33.00
44.00
35.20
39.60
44.00

5 - 4 -44 f
1-4-44
5-4-44
5-4-44
5-8-48
(83)

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la ...............
Dallas, Texas........................
Louisville, K y ......................
Memphis, Tenn....................

9
80.0 6 35.20
36.00
8&75.0
30.00
«6 2 .5
81.3 6 35.75

1
J
8 i\
6
1
3
45 u

8 2
4

2
2
2

8-4-44
4 8 - 8 -48
6
8-8-48
8-4-44

12
12

75.0
70.0
62.5
62.5

33.00
!33.60 4 8 6
30.00
i!6 27.50

4
8
8
4

-44
-48
-48
-44

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont..........................
Denver, Colo.........................
Los Angeles, Calif................
Portland, Oreg.....................
Salt Lake City, Utah..........
San Francisco, Calif............
Seattle, Wash.......................

100.0
93.8
87.5
100.0
81.3
100.0
100.0

90.0
77.5

68.
81.3
68.8
81.3
87.5

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

44.00
41.25
38.50
44.00
35.75
44.00
44.00

39.60
34.10
30.25
35.75
33.00
35.75
38.50

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44

P LASTERERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass..........................
Bridgeport, Conn..................
Buffalo, N. Y ........................ .
Fall River, Mass....................
Manchester, N. H .................
Newark, N. J..........................
New Haven, Conn............... .
New York, N . Y ...................
Manhattan, Bronx, and
r
Richmond...................... .
- Queens, Union A ............. .
Queens, Union B .............
Philadelphia, P a..................
« Nominal rate.

5 80.0
7
81.3
8 85.0
7
85.0
90.0
87.5
82.5
219 O
.O

32.00
35.75
37.40
37.40
39.60
38.50
36.30
39.60

2
2
2
2

93.8
8 87.5
8
100.0
8 80.0
9

41.25
38.50
40.00
32.00

2
2
2
9 li
0

2
2
2
u

2
8-0-40
8-4-44
2
2 8 8 - 4 -44
7
7 1§
2
8-4-44
2
8-4-44
2
8-4-44
2
8-4-44
2 2
6
8-4-44

2 12
7
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

70.0
70.0
70.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
70.0
75.0

28.00
30.80
30.80
33.00
33.00
33.00
30.80
33.00

8-0-40
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

2 2
6
2
2
7 2
5

12
12
2 12
7
2 12
7

75.0
87.5
87.5
75.0

33.00
38.50
35.00
30.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-0-40
8-0-40

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-0-40
8-0-40

All received more; amount not reported.

21 Scale became $1 on Aug. 15,1919.
26 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
27 Full holiday on Saturday.
42 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.

4 Double time after midnight.
6
4 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
6
5 Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
7
5 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
9
72 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
75 For Sundays; work on holidays prohibited.
8 Not reported.
3
, . _
8 Work on July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas prohibited.
4
85 Scale became 93.8 cents on June 1,1919.
86 Double time after 1 a. m.
___
8 Scale became 90 cents per hour, and 5 days per week from May 15 to Nov. 15, on July 25, and 95 cents
7
per hour on Sept. 1,1919.
® Scale became 93.8 cents on June 20 and $1 on Sept. 2,1919.
8
8 Scale became 90 cents on July 1,1919.
9
Double time after 11 p. m.

9
0




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 1 3
T a b le

A.— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
P L A ST E R E R S—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH ATLAN
TIC—concld.

Per
week,
full
time.

Cents. Dolls.
37.40
35.20
32.00
38.50
35.20
38.50
33.00

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
week,
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
holi­
time.
day.

Reguhir rate
muttiplied
by

85.0
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
80.0
Portland, Me..........................
Providence, R. I ....................
80.0
87.5
Rochester, N. Y .....................
2
Scranton, P a........................... 9 80.0
87.5
Springfield, Mass...................
3
Worcester, Mass..................... 2 75.0

2
2
2
2

li
2

li

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4 -44
4 -44
0 -40
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44

12
12
2 12
7
12
12
12
12

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
75.0
33.00
35. 20
80.0
68.8
27.50 1
70.0
30.80
70.0
30.80
75.0
33.00
75.0
33.00

8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-0-40
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

SO TH ATLAN
U
TIC.
Atlanta, Ga.............................
Baltimore, Md........................
Charleston, S C .....................
Jacksonville, F la..............
Norfolk, V a.............................
Richmond, V a ........................
Washington, D. C .................

9 60.0
3

87.5
75.0
9 75.0
4
9 75.0
6
9 62.5
7
9 87.5
8

29. 70
38. 50
36.00
33.00
33.00
27.50
38.50

li

2

li

95 1 -1

2

li

2

2
2
2
2

26 2

2
2

9-

4|-49i
4 -44
8 -48
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44

12
12
12
12

-

4 _44
4i-44i
4 -44
4 -44

12
12
12
12

888888888 8888888-

4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4i-44^
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

8
8
8
8
8
8

12
12

50.0
72.0
50.6
68.8 1

75.0

(50)

24.75
31.68
24.30
30.25
33.00

(50)

9 - 4i-49i
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
(5 )
0
8-4-44

70.0

30.80

81.3
75.0
85.0
75.0

35.75
33.38
37.40
33.00

87.5

38. 50 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.25 8 - 4 - 4 4
38.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.38 8 - 4i-44|
38.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
30. 80 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
38.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
38.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
36.00 8 8 - 8 -48
38.50 8 - 4 - 4 4

NORTn CEN
TRAL.
9
Chicago, 111........................... 9 87.5
87.5
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................
90.0
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
Columbus, Ohio..................... 175.0
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
87.5
line and Rock Island, 111..
Dayton/Ohio......................... 2 82.5
Des Moines, Iowa.................
Detroit, Mich........................
Grand Rapids, Mich.............

Indianapolis, Ind.................
Kansas City, Mo..................
Milwaukee, W is...................
Minneapolis, Minn...............
Omaha, Nebr........................
Peoria, 111..............................
St. Louis, Mo........................
St. Paul, Minn.....................
Toledo, Ohio...........................

Wichita, Kans......................
Youngstown Ohio...............

3 93.8
4 87.5
6 70.0
87.5
100.0

87.5
90.0
87.5
87.5

100.0

90.0
87.5
4 87.5
100.0

38.50
38.94
39.60
33.00

2
2
2
2

75 2

38.50
36.30
41.25
38.50
30.80
38.94
44.00
38.50
39.60
38.50
38. 50
44.00
39.60
38.50
38.50
44.00

2

2
2
2
2
2
2

H
2
2

*14
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

li
li
2

72
5
79 2
79 2

72
5
2
2

72
2
2
2

26 2

2

79 2

8
8
8
8

68.8

87.5
75.0
70.0
75.0
87.5
70.0
75.0
80.0
87.5
87.5
75.0
75.0
75.0
87.5

1 Scale became 83.3 cents on Sept. 1, 1919.
2 Scale became 90 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
s Scale became $1 on Sept. 1,1919.
4 Scale became $1 on June 1,1919.
6 Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1919.
e Double time after 7.30 p. m.
7 Work on July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas prohibited,
s 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
2 Scale became 87.5 cents on July l, 1919.
3
26 work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
2 Full holiday on Saturday.
7
6 Not organized on May 15,1918.
0
7 For Sundays; work on holidays prohibited.
5
7 Work on Labor Day and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
9
8 Scale became 97.5 cents on Aug. 15,1919.
1
9 Scale became 85 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
2
9 Scale became 70 cents per hour on Oct. 1, 1919.
3
9 Scale became 87.5 cents on Sept. 3,1919.'
4
56 Double time after 8 p . m.
Scale became $1 on Aug. 1,1919.
9 Scale became 75 cents on July 15,1919.
7
0 Scale became 90 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
8
9 Scale became $1 on July 1,1919.
9

172259°—20—Bull. 274------ 8



8-4-44

8 - 4i-44i

8-4-44
8-4-44

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

114
T able

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
PLASTERERS—Concluded.
May

15, 1919.

May

15, 1918.

R ate of
Num ­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
For
with
Full days;
Per
Sun­
Sat­
Saturdays;
For
week,
days
urday Per
over­
Full week.
full
and
half hour.
time. holi­
holi­
time.
days.
day.

R ate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
week,
full
time.

Per
hour.

SOUTH CENTRAL.

C ts. B
en
olls.

75.0
Birmingham, A la .....................
113.0
Dallas, T e x .................................
Houston, T e x ............................ 9100.0
Little Rock, A r k ......................
87.5
2
Louisville, K y ........................... 1 75.0
Memphis, Tenn........................
87.5
Nashville, T en n.......................
75.0
New Orleans, L a ......................
75.0

33.00
49.50
44.00
38.50
33.00
38.50
33.00
33.75

R lirra
egu te
m ltip
u lied
b —.
y

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

C ts. D
en
olls.
62.5
100.0
100.0
75.0
70.0
87.5
70.0
62.5

27.50 8 - 4 - 44
44.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
44.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 u 8 - 4 -44
30.80 8- 4 - 4 4
38.50 8 - 4- 44
30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
28.13 8- 5- 45

12
12
12
1
2
12
16 12
16 12
12

100.0
87.5
75.0
87.5
87.5
100.0
100.0
87.5

44.00
38.50
33.00
38.50
38.50
40.00
40.00
38.50

8 - 4- 4 4
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4- 44
8 - 0- 40
8 - 0- 40

16 12
12

50.0
45.0

20.00
19.80

8-0-40
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

56.3
50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
50.0
40.0
35.0

24.75
22.00
22.00
24.20
24.20
22.00
17.60
15.40

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

2
2
8-4-44
12
2
2
8-4-44
12
0
2 12
8- 4 - 4 4
12
2 1 8 - 4 -44
1
6
U
2
8-4-44
2
12
2
2
8-4-44
12
8 - 4 - 4 4 . 12
2
li
2
2
8- 5- 45
12

WESTERN.

112.5
B utte, M ont...............................
3
Denver, Colo.............................. 1 87.5
87.5
Los Angeles, C a lif..
...........
Portland, Oreg.......................... 9100.0
7
Salt Lake City, U ta h ............. 1 100.0
112.5
San Francisco, Calif................
Seattle, W a sh ............................
112.5
100.0
Spokane, W a sh .........................

49.50
li
38.50
li
38.50
li
44.00 (1)
5
44.00
2
45.00
2
45.00
2
44.00
li

li

12
4
1 li
0
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 0- 40
8-0-40
8-4-44

8-4-44

PLASTERERS’ LABORERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

B oston, M ass...........
Newark, N . J...........
N ew Y o rk , N . Y . :
A ll boroughs........
Queens...................
Philadelphia, P a . .
Pittsburgh, P a ____
Portland, M e ...........
Providence, R . I . . .
Rochester, N . Y . . .
Scranton, P a ...........

is 60.0
50.0
20 62.5
2 62.5
2
2 62.5
3
2 60.0
6
70.0
55.0
51.0
2 50.0
8

24.00
22.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
26.40
30.80
24.20
22.44
22.00

2
2
21 2
2
2 li
4
li
li
2
26 11
li

19 2

2
2
2
2
2

2
2

27 2

2

8 0 -40
8 - 4 -44
8 _ 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8

- 4 -44

9 Scale became $1.13 on July 1,1919.
*
10 work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
1148 hours per week, October to MaTch, inclusive,
is Scale became 87.5 cents on June 21,1919.
is Scale became $1 on Aug. 1,1919.
14 Work on holidays prohibited.
1 Overtime and work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
5
i« Full holiday on Saturday.'
1 Scale became $1.13 on Aug. 8,1919.
7
is Scale became 70 cents on June 30,1919.
1 Time and one-half on Saturday.
9
2 Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1, and 75 cents on Aug. 15,1919, for two local unions.
0
2 Time and one-half for one local union.
1
2 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
2
23 Scale became 70 cents on June 10,1919.
2 Double time after 11 p. m.
4
2 Scale became 70 cents on June 1,1919.
5
26 Double time after midnight.
2 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m .; double time thereafter.
7
2 Scale became 56 cents on Aug. 2,1919.
8




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, .1919. 1 1 5
T able A .—

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
P L A S T E R E R S ’ L A B O R E R S—Concluded.

May 15, 1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C en ts.

D o lls .

For
For Sun­
days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e gu h i r ra te
m u lti Iplied

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Jacksonville, F la....................
38.0
Richmond, va........................
50.0
Washington, D. C ................. si 50.0

16.72
22.50
22.00

\ l”
if

14

14
2
32 2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 5 -45
8 - 4 -44

12
12
12

8
8
8
8
8
8

C en ts.
(29)
(3°)

D o lls ,
(29)
(30)

50.0

22.00

(29)
(3°)

8-4-44

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.............................. 33 62.5
27.50
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................
65.0
29.25
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
25.30
57.5
Detroit, Mich..........................
33.00
75.0
Indianapolis, Ind................... 34 5 5 .0
24.20
Kansas City, Mo....................
30.25
68.8
Milwaukee, W is.....................
6
55.0 3 24. 20
Minneapolis, Minn.................
26. 40
60.0
St. Louis, Mo..........................
33.00
75.0
Wichita, Kans........................
24.75
56.3

2
14
14
2
3 li
5
2
14
2
2
*4

2
2
2
2
2
2

-44
-45
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
6
12
12
12

56.3
50.0
55.0
50.0
50.0
55.0
50.0
55.0
62.5
50.0

24.75 8 - 4 - 4 4
22.50 8 - 5 - 4 5
24. 20 8 - 4 - 4 4
22.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
22. 00 8 - 4 - 4 4
24.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
24.00 s 8 - 8 -48
24.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
27.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

-48
-44
-44
-45
-45

12
12
12
12

35.0
45.0
50.0
28.3
35.0

16.80
19.80
22.00
12.75
15.75

8 - 8 -48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-5-45
8-5-45

12
12
12
12
12
12
1 12
6
12

75.0
59.4
62.5
62.5
68.8
68.8
75.0
68.8

33.00
26.13
27.50
30.00
30.25
30. 25
33.00
30.25

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

37 2

38 8 -

2
2

8 8 8 -

4
5
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8

-

8
4
4
5
5

4 14
0
2
2
2
2
2
2
32 2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4 -44
4 -44

32 2

-

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex..............................
Louisville, K y ........................
Memphis, Tenn.....................
New Orleans, L a...................
Tenders................................

35.0
55.0
50.0
35.0
45.0

16.80
24.20
22.00
15.75
20.25

87.5
68.8
75.0
75.0
75.0
87.5
87.5
75.0

38.50
30.25
33.00
33.00
33.00
38.50
35.00
33.00

14.

39 1

14
14
14

2
32 2

W ESTERN.

Butte, Mont............................
Denver, Colo...........................
Los Angeles, Calif..................
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City, Utah............
San Francisco, Calif..............
Seattle, W ash.........................
Spokane, Wash......................

U
« ii
14
14

«1 4
2

2
14

4 -4 4

4
4
4
0
4

-44
-44
-44
-40
-44

8 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive,
e Full holiday on Saturday.
aNo scale in effect on May 15,1918.
0 Not organized, on May 15,1918.
1 Scale became 62.5 cents on June 15,1919.
2 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon,
s Scale became 76.3 cents on Sept. 22,1919.
4 Scale became 62.5 cents on Aug. 5,1919.
s Double time after 7 p. m.
6 More than half received more than the scale* amount not reported.
1 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon, May to October, inclusive,
s 48 hours per week, November to April, inclusive.
9 Double time after 1 hour.
0 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
1 Double time after 10 p. m.




116

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOH STATISTICS.

T a b le A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
PLUM BER S AN D GAS F IT T E R S .

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.:
Plumbers.............................
Gas fitters............................
Bridgeport, Conn...................
Buffalo, N. Y .........................
Fall River, Mass....................
Manchester, N. H ..................
Newark, N. J..........................
New Haven, Conn.................
New York, N. Y .:
Manhattan, Bronx, and
Brooklyn..........................
Queens.................................
Philadelphia, Pa....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
Portland, Me..........................
Providence, R. I ....................
Rochester, N. Y .....................
Scranton, P a...........................
Springfield, Mass...................
Worcester, Mass.:
Plumbers.............................
Gas fitters............................

80.0
80.0
« 75.0
« 75.0
67.5
2 70. 0
2
87.5
75.0

35.20
35.20
33.00
33.00
29. 70
30.80
38.50
33.00

4 75.0
6
33.00
4 68. 8
6
30.25
2 80.0
35.20
41.25
93.8
62.5 3 27.50
6
75.0
33.00
4 75.0
7
33.00
75.0
33.00
75.0
33.00
75.0
75.0

33.00
33.00

For
For Sun­
days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.
R e g u l a r ra te
m u lt iplied
by
2
2

2
2
2
2
u
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4%1J
2
2
2
2

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
week,
Per
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

2
2
2
2
2
2
3 2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
8
4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12

54 2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12

2
2
2
2
n

2
2

2
2
2
2
2 .
2

4 2
9

2
2
*2
2

Cents.

75.0
70.0
62.5
68.8
56.3
50.0
75.0
62.5

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

33.00
30.80
27.50
30.25
24. 77
22.00
33.00
27.50

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

75.0
68.8
62.5
75.0
62.5
75.0
59.4
62.5
61.4

33.00
30. 25
27.50
33.00
27.50
33.00
26.13
27.50
27.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

60.0
50.0

26. 40
22.00

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

30. 25
68.8
68.8
30.25
59.0
28.32
75.0
33.00
6
72.5 3 31.90
30.00
62.5
30.00
62.5
75.0
33.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44

33.00
33.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

SO TH ATLAN
U
TIC.
75.0 so 33.00
Atlanta, Ga.............................
1
Baltimore, Md........................ 5 75. 0
33.00
75.0
Charleston, S. C .....................
36.00
6
Jacksonville, Fla................... 4 80.0
35.20
100.0
44.00
Norfolk, V a.............................
2
38.50
Portsmouth, V a ..................... 5 87.5
75.0
33.00
Richmond, V a........................
87.5
38.50
Washington, D. C.................

I2
2
2

2 11
6
2
2
li
2

NORTH CEN
TRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Plumbers.............................
Gas fitters............................
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
Columbus, Ohio.....................

53 84.4
53 84.4
5 75.0
5
5 90.0
6
75.0

37.13
37.13
33.00
39.60
33.00

2
2
n

2
2

75.0
75.0
65.6
81.3
70.0

28. 87
35.75
30.80

2 Scale became 90 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
22 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
2 Double time after midnight.
6
3 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
2
3 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
6
4 75 per cent received 5 cents per hour more than the scale.
2
4 Scale became 80 cents on June 1, and 87.5 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
3
« Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1,1919.
4 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1,1919.
7
4 Double time after 8 p . m .
8
49 Time and one-half on Saturday from 1 to 5 p. m .; double time thereafter.
60 Nominal rate. All received more, 81.3 to 87.5 cents.
Scale became 87.5 cents on July 19,1919.
62 Scale became $1 on Sept. 15,1919.
6 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1 and SI on July 1,1919.
3
6 Time and one-half for repair work on Saturday afternoon.
4
«* Scale became 80 cents on Nov. 1,1919.
66 Scale became SI on July 7,1919.




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 1 7
T a b l e A ___ UNION

SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.

PLU M BER S AN D GAS F IT T E R S — Concluded.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL— C O n d d .

Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111.
Dayton. Ohio.........................
Des Moines, Iowa..................
Detroit, Mich..........................
Grand Rapids, Mich.............
Indianapolis, Ind...................
Kansas City, Mo....................
Milwaukee, W is.....................
Minneapolis, Minn................
Omaha, Nebr..........................
Peoria, 111................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Plumbers.............................
Gas fitters............................
St. Paul, Minn.......................
Toledo, Ohio...........................
Wichita, Kans.:
Plumbers.............................
Gas fitters............................
Youngstown, Ohio................

87.5
5 80.0
7
5 87.5
8
5 90.0
9
6i 75.0
87.5
100.0

75.0
75.0
87.5 »
87.5
100.0

38.50
35.20
38.50
39.60
33.00
38.50
44.00
33.00
33.00
38.50
38.50

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of^
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
urday Per
Full week. half hour. week,
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l ar rate
m u lti Iplied
by
li

3 2
2

-

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

-44
_44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

75.0
62.5
75.0
75.0
62.5
75.0
87.5

2
2
2
2
2

2

8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12

81.3
75.0

8 - 4 -.44
8 - 4 -44
88 - 8 -48

12
12

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2 11
6
6 1
0
2
2
2
26 11
2
2 1-1
6
2

C ents.

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

32

2

75.0
6 75.0
2
75.0

44.00
33.00
33.00
33.00

2
2
2
2

93.8
81.3
90.0

41.25
35.75
43.20

26 l i
26 1 J

3 2
2
3 2
2

11

2

112.5

49. 50
44.00
44.00
38. 50
30.80
41.25
38.50
38. 40

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

33.00
27.50
33.00
33.00
27.50
33.00
38.50
30.25
30.25
33.00
30.80

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

62.5

35.75
33.00
30.25
27.50

8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44

4

75.0
62.5
81.3

36.00 8 8 - 8 —
48
30.00 88 - 8 -48
35.75 8 - 4 -44

87.5
87.5
87.5
75.0
70.0
81.3
56.3

38.50
38.50
38.50
33.00
30. 80
39.00
24. 75
33.00

68.8
68.8

75.0
70.0

68.8

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la..................

100.0

100.0
Houston, T ex.........................
Little Rock, A rk................... 4 87.5
3
Louisville, K y ... .................. 6 70. 0
Memphis, Tenn.....................
93.8
87.5
80.0
New Orleans, La....................

li

6 2
4

*« l i

32 2

2

2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2
10 2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

2

2

-

4
4
4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
8 -48

12
12
12
12
12
12
12

-

4 -44

12
12
12
12
12
12
1 12
6
12

68.8

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4 -44

4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44.
-44
8 -48
4 -44
8 -48

WESTERN.

112.5
Butte, Mont......................
87.5
Denver, Colo........................
4 81.3
6
Los Angeles, Calif..............
100.0
Portland, Oreg................... .
100.0
Salt Lake City, Utah........
6 100.0
5
San Francisco, Calif..........
Seattle, W ash.........................
100.0
87.5
Spokane, Wash......................

49.50
38.50
35.75
44. 00
44.00
44.00
40.00
38.50

4
4
4
4
4
0
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-40
-44

100.0

87.5
68.8

81.3
87.5
87.5
90.0
87.5

44. 00 8 - 4 -44
38. 50 8 - 4 -44
33.00 • 8 - 8 -48
35.75 8 - 4 -44
38.50 8 - 4 -44
38.50 8 - 4 -44
39.60 8 - 4 -44
38.50 8 - 4 -44

4 Scale became $1 on June 1,1919.
s 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
10 work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
16 Full holiday on Saturday,

se Double time after midnight.
32 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
*6 Scale became 87.5 cents on July l, 1919.
67 Scale became 90 cents on July 1,1919.
68 Scale became 90 cents on May 24,1919.
M Scale became $1 on Aug. 28,1919.
so For 1 hour or less; for more than 1 hour, double time for whole period of overtime.
«i Scale became 81.3 cents on July 1,1919.
Scale became 98.4 cents on July 1,1919.
6 Scale became 80 cents on July 1,1919.
3
6 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m. ; double time thereafter.
4
66 Scale became $1,125 on July 15,1919.




118

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— C o n tin u e d .
PLUMBERS’ LABORERS.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC.
6
New York, N. Y .................... 4 62.5
62.5

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time.
holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
week,
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

Regul* m ra te
m u lti Iplied
bp

30.00
27.50

2
11

26.40

14

2
2

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

8-8-48
8-4-44

12

62.5
50.0

30.00
22.00

8-8-48
8-4-44

8-4-44

12

45.0

21 .<30

8-8-48

12

70.0 36 30.80
32.64
68.0
27.50
62.5

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44

NORTH CENTRAL.
Kansas (Sty, Mo...................

60.0

32

2

SHEET-METAL WORKERS.
•

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.:
Building work....................
Railroad shops...................
Bridgeport, Conn...................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Building work....................
Railroad shops...................
Fall River, Mass....................
Manchester, N .H ..................
Newark, N. J..........................
New Haven, Conn.:
Building work....................
Railroad shops...................
New York, N . Y ...................
Philadelphia, Pa....................
Pittsburgh, P a ...................
Portland, Me.:
First class............................
Second class........................
Providence, R . I ....................
Rochester, N . Y .....................
Scranton, Pa..........................
Springfield, Mass...................
Worcester, Mass....................

6 80.0
6
68.0
75.0

35.20
32.64
33.00

2 62.5
5
27.50
32.64
68.0
27.50
62.5
44.3 70 19.50
87.5
38.50
75.0
68.0
75.0
7i 75.0
72 80 .0

33.00
32.64
33.00
33.00
35.20

6
65.6 3 31.49
25.50
53.1
28.60
65.0
33.44
76.0
33.00
75.0
2 65.0
2
28.60
52.3 45 22.99

2

e
8

2

li
n

li

n

2
2

ii

2

f
2
li

2
2

li
73 11
73 11
68 11
48 11

2
2
68 l i

li
2
2

8-4-44
6 8 - 7 -47
7
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
- 7 -47
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

67 8

I*
2
2
2
2
2
74 2
2
2
76 2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44 :
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44 :
8-4-44

12
12

56.3

(30)

27.00 69 8 - 8 -48

(30)

(30)

12
12
12

50.0
22.00
37 5 « 16.50
33.00
75.0

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

59.1
68.0
70.0
70.0
70.0

26.00
32.64
30.80
30.80
30.80

8 - 4 -44
8 - 8 -48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12

50.0
24.00
21.00
43.8
57.0
25.08
24.75
56.3
56.3
24.75
24.00
54.5
52.3 3« 22.99

8 -„8 -48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

28.80
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Building work...................
Railroad shops...................

76 60.0

68.0

28.80
32.64

li
li

2
li

8 - 8 -48 '
8 - 8 -48 •

60.0
68.0

2 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
2
2 Scale became 70 cents on June 1,1919.
6
so Not organized on May 15,1918.
32 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
« Nomina Irate. All received more; amount not reported.
4« Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1,1919.
« Double time after 8 p. m.
6 Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
6
67 Work 47 hours, paid for 48.
68 Double time after 9 p. m.
6 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
9
t Nomina Irate. All received more, $22 to $30.
o
7i Scale became 90 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
7? Scale became 90 cents on June 1,1919.
7 Double time after 4 hours.
3
7 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 1 p. m .; double time thereafter.
4
7 Regular rate on Saturday afternoon.
5
7 90 per cent received from 5 to 20 cents per hour more than the scale.
6




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 1 9
T a b le

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R S— Continued.

May 15, 1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

SOUTH ATLANTIC—concld.
35.20
80.0
Baltimore, Md........................
Charleston, S. C., railroad
32.64
68.0
shops.....................................
Jacksonville. Fla., railroad
32.64
68.0
shops.....................................
Norfolk, Va., district:
Norfolk, V a......................... 7 75.0 « 33.00
7
Portsmouth, Va., railroad
32.64
68.0
shops.................................
.Richmond, Va.:
33.60
Building work...................
70.0
32.64
Railroad shops...................
68.0
8
33.00
Washington, D. C ................. 7 75.0

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
week,
Per
Full week. half
hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l ar ra te
m ulti Iplied
by
2
2

8-4-44

li

8-8-48

H
n

li
2

8-4-44

li

li

li
2

8 * -5 ^ 4 8
8-8-48
8-4-44

12
12

32.64

8 - -8 -48

32.64

8 - 8 -48

62.5 4 30.00
5

8 - 8 -48

68.0

12

8 - 4 -44

68.0

8-8-48

2
li
2

D o lls .

6
62.5 3 ?7.50
68.0

12

8-8-48

2

C ents.

32.64

8- 8 -48

50.0
68.0
70.0

24.00
32.64
30.80

8 -48
f : 8 -48
4 -44

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Building work....................
Auto shops..........................
Manufacturing shops........
Railroad shops...................
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
Columbus, Ohio....................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111..
Dayton, Ohio.........................
Des Moines, Iowa..................
Detroit, Mich..........................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Building work....................
Railroad shops...................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Building work....................
Railroad shops........ ..........
Milwaukee, W is.:
Building work....................
Railroad shops...................
Minneapolis, Minn................
Omaha, Neb...........................
Peoria, 111................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Building work....................
Railroad shops...................
D o....................................

7 75.0
9
33.00
5
55.5 4 27.47
6
70.0 3 30.80
32.64
68.0
56.0
26.88
so 85.0
37.40
6
45.0 3 21.60

2
4111
4 U
1
11
H
2 li
6

75.0
33.00
75.0
33.75
6
77.5 3 34.10
8 80. 0
2
35.20

8 1J
1
2 11
6
2

2 60.0
5
68.0

26.40
32.64

70.0
68.0

30.80
32.64

8 60.0
3
68.0
70.0
75.0
60.0

28.80
32.64
30.80
33.00
26.40

6 75.0
3
68.0
68.0

33.00
32.64
32.49

H
2

li
li

2 11
6
li
li

26 11

8 11
7
li
li
li
n

2
2
2
li
2
2
li

8-4-44
9 - 4J-49J
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48

12
12
12

2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-5-45
8-4-44
8-4-44

2
li
2
li

8
9
8
8
8
8
8

-

4 -44
41-49J
4 -44
8 -48
8 -48
4 -44
8 -48

12
12
12
12

65.0
45.0
65.0
70.0

28.60
20.25
28.60
30.80

8
8
8
8

-

4
5
4
4

8-4-44
8-8-48

12

60.0
68.0

26.40
32.64

8 - 4 -44
8 - 8 -48

8-4-44
8-8-48

12

5
67.5 4 29.70
32.64
68.0

8 - 4 -44
8 - 8 -48

12

32 2

12

8-4-44
8 - 8 -48
8 8 - 7 -47
8

3

60.0
68.0
56.3
68.0
60.0

4
28.80 8 8
5
32.64 8 8
24.75 8
29.92 8
26.40 8

65.0
68.0
68.0

28.60
32.64
32.49

2 Scale became 70 cents on J une 1, 1919.
5
2 Double time after midnight.
6
32 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
3 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
6
« Double time after 10 p. m.
4 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
5
c3 Scale became 80 cents on July 1,1919.
*7 Scale became 80 cents on Aug. 1, and 87.5 cents on Sept. 18,1919.
78 Scale became 92.5 cents on Nov. 1,1919.
w Scale became 85 cents on June 1, and SI on Sept. 22,1919.
*° Scale became 90 cents on Nov. 1,1919.
si Double time after 6 p. m.
«2 Scale became $1 on Sept. 2,1919.
s3 Scale became 67.5 cents on June 1,1919.
84 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
8 Work 47 hours, paid for 48; during July and August work 45, paid for 46.
5
86 Four times single rate after 5 p. m.
87 Double time after 10 p. m.
8 Work 47 hours; paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.
8




8 ~

30.80
27.47
28.60
32.64
25.20
35.20
18.00

12
12
12

n

!

70.0
55.5
65.0
68.0
52.5
80.0
37.5

2 8 8 - 8 -48
4
l i 85 8 - 7 -47
8 2
6
8-4-44
8-4-44
2
2
8-4-44
li

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
F.ull week.

-

-

8
7
4
4
4

-44
-45
-44
-44

-48
-47
-44
-44
-44

8 - 4 -44
8 - 8 -48
7 -47

120

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.'
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R S —Concluded.

May 15, 1919.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Sun­
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per
over­ days
Full week. half hour. week,
and
full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
days.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.

St. Paul, Minn...................
Toledo, Ohio......................
Wichita, Kans.:
Building work.................
Railroad shops................
Youngstown, Ohio.............

70.0
30.80
70.0 3 30.80
6

R e g u l ar ra te
multAiplied
by

2 11
6
li

8 2
6
2

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12
12

56.3
57.5

24.75
25.30

2
8 - 8 -48
9 1£ 8 8 - 7 -47
0
8
2
8 - 4 -44

12

68.8
68.0
72.5

33.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
32.49 8 8 - 7 -47
8
31.90 8 - 4 - 4 4

65.0
68.0
75.0
75.0
68.0
65.0
68.0
50.0

28.60 8 - 4 - 4 4
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
31.20 9i 8 - 8 -48
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
22.00 8 - 4 - 4 4

8 68.8
9
68.0
80.0

33.00
32.49
35.20

li
li
li

75.0
68.0
87.5
87.5
68.0
80.0
68.0
65.0

33.00
32.64
38.50
38.50
32.64
38.40
32.49
28.60

2 1|
6
li
2 11
6
2 11
6
li
2
li
2 lj
6

2
li
2
2
li

8
8
8
8
8
2
9 8
1
8
li 8 8
2
8

-

4
8
4
4
8
8
7
4

-44
-48
-44
-44
-48
-48
-47
-44

12

9 75.0
2
68.0
65.0'
68.0
80.0

33.00
32.64
31.20
32.64
35.20

4 11
8
li
li
li
2

2
li
2
1*
2

-

4
8
8
8
4

-44
-48
-48
-48
-44

12

8-4-44
8-4-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.:
Building work.................
Railroad shops................
Dallas, Tex.........................
Houston, Tex.....................
Railroad shops................
Little Rock, Ark................
Railroad shops................
Louisville, Ky....................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Building work.................
Railroad shops................
Nashville, Tenn.................
Railroad shops................
New Orleans, La................

Butte, Mont....................
Denver, Colo.:
Building work.............
Railroad shops............
Los Angeles, Calif..........
Portland, Oreg...............
Salt Lake City, Utah.:
Building work.............
Railroad shops............
San Francisco, Calif.:
Building work.............
Shipyards.....................
Seattle, Wash.................
Shipyards.....................
Spokane, Wash..............

8
8
8
8
8

12
12
3
12

12

62.5
30.00
32.64
68.0
6
50.0 3 24.00
68.0
32.64
68.8
30.25

8 - 4 -44

12

93.8

41.25

8-4-44

4
8
4
4

-44
-48
-44
-44

12

75.0
68.0
68.5
82.5

33.00
32.64
30.14
36.30

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44

12

62. *5
68.0

27.50
32.64

8-4-44
8-8-48

36.30

8-4-44

100.0

44.00

li

2

87.5
68.0
9 68.5
4
86.0

38.50
32.64
30.14
37.84

2 H
6
li
1*
2"

3 2
2
li
io 2
2

87.5
68.0

38.50
32.64

li
li

2
li

8 - 4 -44
8 - 8 -48

100.0
86.0
90.0
83.5
78.1

44.00
37.84
39.60
36.74
37.50

2
2
2
2
li

2
2
2
2
li

8
8
8
8
8

8
8
8
8

-

-

4
4
4
4
8

-44
-44
-44
-44
-48

12
12

12
82.5
12 (93)
12
82.5
12 4 82.5
6
75.0

(93)

(93)

36.30 8 - 4 - 4 4
39.60 8 8 - 8 -48
4
36.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

10 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
2 Double time after midnight.
6
32 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
36 More than half received more than the scale: amount not reported.
46 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
« Double time after 8 p. m.
84 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
8 Four times single rate after 5 p . m .
6
88 Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.
89 Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1919.
® With a minimum of 5 hours’ pay for 34 hours or less.
o
8 44 hours per week, July to September, inclusive.
1
92 Scale became 81.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
93 No scale in effect on May 15,1918. *
Scale became 87.5 cents on July 15,1919.




8 - 8 -CS
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44

insriON SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUKS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 2 1
T a b l e A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
SHIP CARPENTERS.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Buffalo, N. Y .........................
New York, N . Y .:
Marine woodworkers........
Ship yard.............................
Philadelphia, Pa....................
Portland, Me.:
First-class............................
Second-class........................

For
For Sun­
over­ days
time. and
holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
full
half hour.
time.
holi­
day.

R egu lt i r ra te
m u lti ■plied
by

C en ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

80.0
80.0

35.20
38.40

2
11

2
2

8-4-44
8-8-48

12

80.0
80.0
80.0

38.40 . 2
2
38.40
35.20 81 1 1

2
2
2

6 8 - 8 -48
8
6 8 — 8 -48
8
8-4-44

3
3
12

70.0
65.0
60.0

8
33.60 6 8 - 8 -48
8
31.20 6 8 - 8 -48
28.80 8 f- 4|-48

80.0
74.0

38.40
35.52

2
2

6 8 _ 8 _48
8
6 8 - 8 -48
8

3
3

70.0
65.0

33.60
31.20

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48

11
11

70.0
(9 3 )

30.80
(9 3 )

8-4-44
(9 3 )

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Charleston, S .C .....................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
First-class............................
Second-class........................
Third-class..............: .........
Norfolk, Va.............................

70.0 9 33.60
5
38.40
80.0
35.52
74.0
7
66.0 9 31.68
74.0
35.52

2

2

“ U
9611
9611
2

2
2
2
2

45.0

21.60

8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
51-48

3
3
3
12

70.0
65.0
60.0
65.0

33.60 68 8 31.20 6 8 8
8
28.80 6 8 31.20 81-

8-4-44
8 — 8 -48
8-8-48

12
3

70.0
70.0
74.0

30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.60 6 8 - 8 -48
8
44.40 10 -10 -60

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

50.0
56.3

22.00
24.75

8 - 8 -48
8 — 8 -48
8-4-44
8-8-48

3
3
4

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

8 - 8 -48
868 8 6 88
8J-

68

8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
51-48

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111..............................
Cleveland, Ohio...................
Detroit, Mich.........................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Shipyards............................
Outside......................... .....

70.0
80.0
80.0

30. 80
38.40
38.40

n

2
2

2
2
2

62.5
75.0

27.50
33.00

2
2

2
2

80.0
74.0
75.0
80.0

38.40
35.52
33.00
38.40

11
11
2
2

2
2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2
2

68

8-4-44
8-4-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Houston, T ex.........................
Riggers and fasteners 98. . .
Memphis, Tenn.......... .........
New Orleans, L a ..................

68
68

70.0
65.0
(5 0 )
(9 3 )

33.60 68 8 - 8 -48
31.20, 68 8 - 8 -48
(3 °)
(93 )

(3 ° )
(9 3 )

WESTERN.
Portland, Oreg...............
San Francisco, Calif..............
Seattle, W ash ...................................




86.0
37.84
86.0
37.84
86.0 « 37.84

82.5
39.60i 8 - 8 - 4 8
39.60168 8 - 8 -48
82.5
5
82.5 4 39.60i 8 - 8 - 4 8

12
3 Not organized on May 15,1918.
0
4 Nominal rate. Allreceived more; amount not reported.
5
6 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
8
8 Double time after 6 p . m .
1
8 No scale in effect, on May 15,1918.
3
9 Nominal rate. All received more; 74 to 80 cents per hour.
5
9 On repair work, double time.
6
9 50 per cent received 2 cents per hour more than the scale.
7
9 Classed as ship carpenters, second class, in report for 1918.
8

122

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .—

-

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BTJIIDING TRADES— Continued.
SLATE AND T IL E ROOFERS.
May 15, 1919.

M ay 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
with
For Hours:
Full d „ ,
Per
Sun­ Saturdays; Sat­
For days
week,
urday Per
over­ and
Full
half hour.
full
time. holi­
time.
holidays.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Cents. Dolls.
33.00
75.0
22 65.0
31.20
9 87.5
9
38.50
33.00
75.0
35.75
i 81.3
80.0
35.20
3 80.0
35.20
27.00
56.3
33.00
75.0

Bridgeport, Conn............
Buffalo, N. Y ..................
Newark, N. J...................
New Haven, Conn..........
New York, N. Y ............
Philadelphia, Pa............
Pittsburgh, P a................
Scranton, P a...................
Springfield, Mass............

2
2
2
2
2
2
42
2
2

■4
•8
•4
■4
•4
■4
■4
■8
•4

Cents. Dolls.
27.50
62.5
60.0
28. 80
75.0
33.00
68.8 30.25
78.1
34.38
70.0 2 30. 80
75.0
33.00
53.1
25.50
27.50
62.5

-44
-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-48
-44

4
■8
•4
4
4
•4
4
-8
-4

-44
-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-48
-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

5 75.0
6 75.0

33.00
33.00

7 8 0 .0

Baltimore, Md.................
Washington, D. C .........

235.20

60.0
62.5

4 -44
4 -44

28.80
27.50

■ 8 -48
■ 4 -44

NORTH CENTRAL.

2
11
u
•ii
“ ii
n

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-48
-44

72.5
60.0
85.0
62.5
67.5
60.0
75.0

5-4-44

75.0

33.00

68.8
62.5

30.25
27.50

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
8-4-44
68.8
30.25
2
1 H
1
8-4-44
12
2
62.5
27.50
2
12
2
8-4-44
60.0
26.40
2
8-4-44
50.0
22.00
12
14.
1*
I Scale became 90 cents on Aug. 15,1919.
8 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
8 Scale became 90 cents on June 1,1919.
* Work on July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas prohibited,
e Scale became 80 cents on July 1,1919.
6 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1,1919.
7 Scale became $1 on Sept. 22,1919.
8 Time and one-ha If on Saturday afternoon.
9 Double time after 6 p. m.
w 44 hours per week, May to August, inclusive.
II Double time after midnight.
12 Scale became 67.5 cents on June 1,1919.
w 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
14 Scale became 90 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
18 67 per cent received 5 cents per hour more than the scale.
16 Scale became 87.5 cents and double time for overtime on July 14,1919.
1 Scale became 75 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
7
18 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
22 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
99 Scale became 93.8 cents on July 1,1919.

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

Chicago, 111.......................
Cincinnati, Ohio.............
Cleveland, Ohio..............
Detroit, Mich...................
Kansas City, Mo.............
Milwaukee, W is.............
St. Louis, Mo...................

70.0
100.0
85.0
70.0
12 60.0
6 75.0

30.80
44.00
37.40
30.80
28.80
33.00

•4
4
■4
■4
■4
■8
■4

31.90
26.40
37.40 8
0
30.00 1 8
2 29.70
28.80 13 §
33.00

■4
•4
-4
■8
-4
■8
•4

-44
-44
-44
-48
-44
-48
-44

WESTERN.

XO
O .O

San Francisco, Calif-----

44.00

STEAM FITTERS AND SPRINKLER FITTERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass..........................
Bridgeport, Conn...................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Steam fitters.......................
Sprinkler fitters..................
Fall River, Mass....................
Manchester, N. H .................




1 75.0
4
33.00
75.0 is 33.00
is 75.0
1 68.8
7
67.5
is 70.0

33.00
30.25
29.70
30.80

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

123

tm iO N SCALE OF WAGES A D HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
1\T

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STEAM FITTERS AND SPRINKLER UTTERS—Continued.
May 15, 1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
tim e.

NORTH ATLANTIC— concld.

Newark, N .J .:
Cents. Dolls.
Steam fitters........................
87.5
38.50
80.0
35.20
Sprinkler fitters..................
75.0 . 33.00
N ew Haven, Conn.................
75.0
N ew York, N . Y ....................
33.00
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Steam fitters........................ 6 75.0
33.00
Sprinkler fitters.................. w 68. 8
30.25
Pittsburgh, P a ........................ 20 90.0
39.60
Portland, M e...........................
62.5 2 27.50
Providence, R . I.:
Steam fitters........................
75.0 21 33.00
Sprinkler fitters..................
68.8
30.25
Rochester, N . Y ..................... 6 75.0
33.00
Scranton, P a ...........................
75.0
33.00
Springfield, M ass.................... 24 63.6
28.00
Worcester, M ass.....................
75.0
33.00

For
over­
time.

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

Rate of
N um ­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
F ull days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
F u ll week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

Regular rale
multiI
plied
by

Cents.

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12

75.0
75.0
62.5
75.0

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12

62.5

2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44*
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12
12

65.0
62.5
59.4
62.5
56.8
54.5

2
2
22 1 1
2
2
2

23 2

2
2
2

-44

68.8

75.0
50.0

Hours:
F u ll days;
Saturdays
F u ll week.

Dolls.

33.00
33.00
27.50
33.00

8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44

27.50
'30. 25
33.00
22.00

8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44

28.60
27.50
26.13
27.50
25.00
24.00

8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

75.0
A tlanta, G a..............................
Baltim ore, Md.:
Steam fitters........................
87.5
Sprinkler fitters..................
75.0
Charleston, S .C ......................
80.0
Jacksonville, F la .................... 26 80.0
Norfolk, V a ............................. 100.0
Richmond, V a ........................
75.0
W ashington, D. C .................. 27 75.0

25 33.00

n

2

8 - 4 -44

12

68.8

30.25

38.50
33.00
38.40
35. 20
44.00
33.00
33.00

2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4 -44
4 -44
8 -48
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44

12
12

68.8
68.8

30.25
30.25
28.32
33.00
231.90
30.00
33.00

8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4
4

12

2
2
2

2

12
12
12
12

59.0
75.0
72.5
62.5
75.0

8 - 4 -44
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4 -44
4 -44
8 -48
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Steam fitters........................ 28 85 .0
Sprinkler fitters.................. 29 80.0
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................
81.0
90.0
Cleveland, O hio......................
Columbus, O hio.....................
75.0
Davenport, Iow a, Moline
and Rock Island, 111.........
87.5
Dayton; Ohio.......................... 30 so. 0
Des Moines, Iow a................... 3187.5
90.0
Detroit, Mich...........................
Grand Rapids, Mich..............
81.3

37.40
35.20
35.64
39.60
33.00
38.50
35.20

2

2

2

2
2
2
2

111 4

2
2

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12

82
8 - 4 -44
12
8 - 4 -44
2
12
38.50
8 - 4 -44
2
12
39.60 32 1
8 - 4 -44
2
12
8 - 4 -44
35. 75
2
2
12
2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
6 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1,1919.
li
2
111 |

75.0
80.0
65.5
81.3
70.0

33.00 8 - 4
35. 20 8 - 4
28. 82 *8 - 4
35.75 8 - 4
30.80 8 - 4

75.0

33.00
27.50

62.5

75.0
75.0

33.00
33.00

62.5

27.50

8 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.

1 Double time after midnight.
1
1 Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1919.
9
2 Scale became 97.5 cents on June 1,1919.
°
21 Nominalrate.

All received more; amount not reported.

2 Double time after 8 p. m.
2
2 Time and one-half on Saturday from 1 to 5 p. m.; double time thereafter.
3
2 Scale became 68.2 cents on July 1,1919.
4
2 Nomina 1rate. A^lreceived more, 81.3 cents to 87.5 cents, per hour.
5
2 Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1,1919.
6
2 Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1, and 92.5 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
7
2 Scale became 87.5 cents on June. 1, and $1 on July 1,1919.
8
29 Scale became $1 on July 1,1919.
3 Scale became 90 cents on July 1,1919.
0
3 Scale became 90 cents on May 24,1919.
1
8 For 1 hour or less; for more than 1 hour, double time for whole period of overtime.
2




-44
-44
-44

-U

-44

8 - 4 -44

8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44

124

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
STEAM F IT T E R S A N D SP R IN K L E R F IT T E R S — Concluded.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

N
ORTH CEN
TRAL—COndd,
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Steam fitters..................
Sprinkler fitters.............
Kansas City, Mo.:
Steam fitters..................
•Sprinkler fitters.............
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Steam fitters..................
Sprinkler fitters.............
Minneapolis, Minn............
Omaha, Nebr....................
Peoria, 111.:
Steam fitters..................
Sprinkler fitters.............
St. Louis, Mo.....................
St. Paul, Minn..................
Toledo, Ohio.....................
Wichita, Kans...................
Youngstown, Ohio...........

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l ar rate
m ulti iplied
by

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

87.5
is 68. 8

38.50
30.25

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

75.0
68.8

‘ D o lls .
33.00
30.25

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

100.0
80.0

44.00
35.20

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

87.5
80.0

38.50
35.20

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

68.8
68.8
3 75.0
3
87.5

30. 25
30.25
33.00
38.50

1 U
1
2
2
1*

2
2
2
23 2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44

12
12
12
12

62.5
68.8
68.8
75.0

27.50
30.25
30.25
33.00

8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44

87.5
62.5
87.5
75.0
75.0
93.8
90.0

38.50
27.50
38.50
33.00
33.00
41.24
43.20

2
2
2
2
2
ii 14
Ii

2
2
2
2
2
23 2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
3 8 - 8 -48
4

12
12
12
12
12
12
4

30.80 8
70.0
56.3 21 24. 75 8
33.00 8
75.0
30.25 8
68.8
27.50 8
62.5
36.00 34 8
75.0
35.75 8
81.3

-

4
4
4
4
4
8
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-48
-44

112.5
100.0
100.0
3 87.5
5
8 75.0
6
87.5
87.5
80.0

49.50
44.00
44.00
38.50
33.00
38.50
38.50
38.40

2
2
2
2
2
2
n li
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48

12
12
12
12
12
12
12

87.5
87.5
87.5
75.0
60.0
70.0
68.8
75.0

38.50
38.50
38.50
33.00
26.40
30.80
30. 25
36.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
8

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-48

112.5
87.5

49.50
38.50
35.75
44.00
44.00
44.00
44.00
40.00
38.50

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-0-40
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12

100.0
87.5
68.8
81.3
87.5
87.5
81.3
90.0
87.5

44.00
38.50
33.00
35.75
38.50
38.50
35.75
39.60
38.50

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
8
4
4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

C ents.

D o lls .

C ents.

SO TH CEN
U
TRAL.
Birmingham, Ala..............
Dallas, Tex........................
Houston, Tex....................
Little Rock, Ark...............
Louisville, Ky...................
Memphis, Tenn.................
Nashville, Tenn................
New Orleans, La...............
WESTERN.
Butte, Mont......................
Denver, Colo.....................
Los Angeles, Calif— ____
Portland, Oreg..................
Salt Lake City, Utah.......
San Francisco, Calif..........
Sprinkler fitters.............
Seattle, Wash....................
Spokane, Wash.................

26 81.3

100.0
100.0
37 100.0

100.0
100.0
87.5

38 12

12

1 Double time after midnight,
1
is Scale became 75 cents on July 1, 1919.
2 Nominal rate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
1
2 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m. ; double time thereafter.
3
26 Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1,1919.
3 Scale became 81.3 cents on July 1,1919.
3
3 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
4
8 Scale became $1 on June 1,1919.
5
36 Scale became 90 cents on June 22,1919.
3 Scale became $1,125 on July 15,1919.
7
3 Full holiday on Saturday.
8




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 2 5
T a b l e A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
STEAM F IT T E R S’ AN D SP R IN K L ER F IT T E R S ’ HELPERS.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Cents.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.......
Buffalo, N. Y .......
Fall River, Mass..
Newark, N. J.......
New York, N. Y ..
Philadelphia, Pa..
Pittsburgh, Pa. . .
Providence, R .I ..
Scranton, Pa.......
Springfield, Mass.
Worcester, Mass..

Per
week,
full
time.

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Per
week,
Full week. half
hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Dolls.

ReguUir rate
multiplied
by2
20.68
2

3» 47.0
« 4 0 .6
17. 87
50.0
22.00
50.0
22.00
« 50.0
22.00
4 50.0
2
22.00
4 60.0
2
26.40
43.8 2i 19. 25
50.0
22.00
4 40.9
3
18.00
45.0
19.80

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

2
2
2
2
2

Cents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Dolls.

42.5
34.4
45.0
42.5
42.5
37.5
43.8
37.5
43.8
34.1
33.0

18.70
15.13
19.80
18. 70
18. 70
16.50
19.25
16.50
19.25
15.00
14.50

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12,

43.8
43.8
37.5

19.25
19.25
16.50

8 —4 —
44
8-4-44
8-4-44

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12

45.0
33.5
43.8
45.0
37.5

19.80
14.74
19. 25
19.80’
16.50

8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

8 - 4 -44
8 - A -44

12
12

37.5
40.0

16.50
17.60

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12:

31.3 2i 13. 75,
19.25
43.8
35.0
15.40
31.3 2i 13.75
16.50
37.5
19. 25
43.8
35.0
15.40

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12!
12!
12!

43.8,
30.0i
35.0i

1 H
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

27.50
22.00
16.50

2
2
2

42
4

45.0
40.0
43.8
50.0
43.8

19.80
17.60
2 19.25
22.00
19.25

2
1 U
1
2

50.0
40.0

22.00
17.60

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, Md.:
Steam fitters' helpers---62.5
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers. .
50.0
5
Washington, D. C.............. , 4 37.5

2

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Cincinnati, Ohio............
Cleveland, Ohio............
Detroit, Mich.................
Indianapolis, lnd..........
Kansas City, Mo.:
Steam fitters’ helpers.
Sprinkler fitters7helpe
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Steam fitters’ helpers.
Minneapolis, Minn..
Omaha, Nebr..........
Peoria, 111..............
St. Louis, Mo..........
St. Paul, Minn.......

.

32 1

2
2
2

43.5
19.14 111|
43.8
2
19.25
4 40.0
3
2
17.60
43.8 2 19.25
n
50.0
22:00
2
50.0
22.001
2
40.0'
17.60'
2

46 2

2
2
2
2

22
3

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-4
- 4
- 4
- 4
- 4
- 4
- 4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex........
Louisville, K y...
Memphis, Tenn..

50. C
1
37.5I
43.8J

22.0C
I
16.5 1
C
19.2£>

2
2
2

19.25'
13.20
15.40

2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
11 Double time after midnight.
21 Nomina Irate. All received more; amount not reported.
23 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m.; double time thereafter.
32 For 1 hour or less; for more than 1 hour, double time for whole period of overtime.
39 Scale became 60 cents on June 30,1919.

4 Scale became 50 cents on July 14,1919.
0
41 Scale became 56.3 cents on Aug. 15,1919.
4 Scale for steam fitters’ helpers became 62.5 cents on June 1,1919.
2
43 Scale became 50 cents on July 1,1919.
44 For Labor Day, regular rate multiplied by 4.
45 Scale became 50 cents on Aug. 2,1919.
4 For Labor Day, triple time.
«




8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

126

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STEAM FITTERS’ AND SPRINKLER FITTERS’ HELPERS—Concluded.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l ar ra te
m u lti Iplied
by

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont............................
Denver, Colo...........................
Portland, Ores. . - ............. .
Salt Lake City, Utah............
San Francisco, Calif.:
Steam fitters’ helpers........
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers..
Seattle, W ash.........................

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, : 918.
1

62.5
43.8
62.5
50.0

27.50
19.25
27.50

62.5
62.5
62.5

Cents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

-

4
4
4
4

-44

22.00

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

8 *8 8 8 -

-44
_44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12

56.3
43.8
52.5
43.8

24.75
19.25
23.10
19.25

8
8
8
8

27.50
27.50
25.00

2
2
2

2
2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 0 -40

12
12
12

50.0
56.3
56.3

22.00

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

4
4
4
4

24.75
24.75

-44
-44
-44

STONE MASONS.
■
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass..........................
Bridgeport, Conn...................
Buffalo, N. Y .........................
Fall River, Mass....................
Newark, N . J ................................
New Haven, Conn.................
New York, N. Y ...................
Foundation work...............
Stone setters........................
Philadelphia, P a...................
Pittsburgh, P a ......................
Portland, M e..........................
Providence, R. I ....................
Foundation work...............
Rochester, N . Y ....................
Scranton, P a ..........................
Laying dressed stone........
Springfield, Mass...................
Worcester, Mass....................

47 80.0

81.3

48 85.0

85.0
87.5
82.5
6 87.5
1
2 80.0
6
6 87.5
2
80.0
6 75.0
3
90.0
80.0
70.0
87.5
6 75.0
5
77.5
87.5
75.0

35.20
35.75
37.40
37. 40
38.50
36.30
38.50
35.20
38.50
2 35. 20
33.00
39. 60
35. 20
30.80
38.50
36.00
37.20
38.50
33.00

2
2

u
n

2
2
2

“ II

2
2
2

2
2
2

2

2
2
2

2

I*
2

' H
H
2

2 11
3
2 11
3
2

ii

2
2

54 2
54 2
2
2
2
2
2

8 8 4 8 9
8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 * 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 -

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
_44
_44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-48
-48
-44
-44

12
12
8
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

80.0
35.20 8
70.0
30.80 8
3
75.0
36. 00 1 8
75.0
33. 00 8
75.0
33. 00 8
70.0
30. 80 8
75.0
33. 00 8
75.0
33. 00 8
81.3
35. 75 8
70.0
30. 80 8
65.0
28. 60 8
70.0 2i 30. 80 8
70.0
30. 80 8
50.0
22.00 8
70.0
30. 80 8
75.0
36. 00 8
70.0
33.60 8
75.0
33.00 8
65.0
28.60 8

4 -44
4 -44
4 -44

12
12
12
12

60.0
62.5
75.0
75.0

8
8

4
4

- 4 -44
- 4 -44
8 -48
- 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 4 -44
- 8 -48
- 8 -48
- 4 -44
- 4 -44

-

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga............................ 66 70.0 2130.80
Baltimore, Md........................ 57 75.0
33.00
Norfolk, Va., district............ 100.0
44.00
Washington, D. C .................
87.5
38.94

u

2
2

H

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

-

4 i-4 4 i

30.00
27.50
33. 00
33.38

2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
is 44 hours per week. June to August, inclusive.
2i Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
2 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m .; double time thereafter.
3
26 Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1,1919.
4 Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
7
« Scale became 90 cents on July 26, and 95 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
• 48 hours per week, Nov. 16 to Mar. 14, inclusive,
so For Sunday; for holidays, double time.
6i Scale became $1 for some local unions on Aug. 15,1919.
»2 Scale became $1 on Aug. 15,1919.
6 Scale became 85 cents on Aug. 15,1919.
3
64Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 1 p. m .; double time thereafter.
6 Scale became 85 cents on Oct. 15,1919.
8
6 Scale became 90 cents on June 1,1919.
6
»7 Scale became 80 cents on Aug. 1,1919.




9 - 5 -50

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4J-44*

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 2 7
T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STONE MASONS—Concluded.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL.

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
w ages—
T
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l ar rate
m ulti iplird
by

C ents.

-44
-45
-44
-44

12
12
12
12

75.0
70.0
90.0
70.0

8 - 4
4
8- 4
8- 4
8 - 4
8 - 4
8 - 4
8 - 4
8 - 4
8 - 4
8 - 4
8- 4
8 - 4

_44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
_44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
9
12
12
12
12
5
12
12
12
12
12
12

81.3
80.0
75.0
85.0
75.0
72.5
70.0
75.0
81.3
70.0
75.0
82.5
75.0

-

4
4
4
4
4
4
4

_44
_44
-44
-44
-44
-44
_44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12

87.5
100.0
100.0
87.5
70.0
80.0
62.5

38. 50
44.00
44.00
38.50
30.80
35. 20
27.50

-

8
4
4
4
0
4

-48
-44
-44
-44
-40
-44

12
12
12

100.0
87.5
87.5
62.5
100; 0
87.5

48.00
38.50
38.50
27.50
44.00
38.50

38.50
31.50
39.60
35.20

87.5
e 90.0
o
80.0
5 85.0
6
87.5
90.0
• 87.5
87.5
87.5
85.0
87.5
95.0
87.5

38.50
39. 60
35. 20
37.40
38.50
39.60
38. 50
38.50
38.50
37.40
38.50
41.80
38.50

2 .
2
2
li
2
li
6 11
2
2
2
li
63 2
2
2
li
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
li
2
li
2
2

87.5
Birmingham, Ala..................
Dallas, Tex.............................
100.0
Houston, T ex ........................ 65 100.0
Little Rock, Ark...................
100.0
85.0
Louisville, K y ........................
Nashville, Tenn.................... i 80.0
New Orleans, L a ................... 66 75.0

38.50
44.00
44.00
44.00
37.40
35.20
33.00

li
li
2
li
li
li
1 li
1

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

48.00
38.50
44.00
33.00
45.00
44.00

li
li
li
li

6 2
3
2
2

H

8
8
8
8
8
8

li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2

D o lls .

4
5
4
4

7 87.5
6 70.0
3
5 90. 0
9
80.0

Chicago, 111..............................
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
Columbus, Ohio....................
Davenport. Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111..
Detroit, Migh..........................
Grand Rapids, Mich.............
Indianapolis, Ind...................
Kansas City, Mo....................
Milwaukee, W is ....................
Minneapolis, Minn................
Omaha, Nebr..........................
Peoria, 111................................
St. Louis, Mo..........................
St. Paul, Minn.......................
Toledo, Ohio..........................
Wichita, Kans........................

8
8
8
8

-

61 8 -

-44

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

33.00
31.50
39. 60
30.80

8
8
8
8

-

4
5
4
4

-44
-45
-44
-44

35. 75 8
35. 20 6i 8
33.00! 8
37.40 8
33.00 8
31.90 8
30.80 64 8
233.00 8
35. 75 8
30.80 8
36.00 8
36.30 8
33.00 8

-

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
8
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
_44
-44
-44
-44
-48
-44
-44

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4
4
4
4

-44
-44
_44
-44
-44
-44
_44

8
8
8
8
8
8

-

8
4
4
4
4
4

-48
-44
-44
-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont............................ 100.0
Denver, Colo..........................
87.5
Portland, Oreg...................... 67 100. 0
Salt Lake City, Utah...........
75.0
Seattle, W ash........................
112.5
Spokane, Wash......................
100.0

2

li

2
2

38 12

12

1 Scale became 90 cents on Aug. 15, 1919.
2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
7 Scale became $1 on Sept. 22,1919*
1 Double time after midnight.
1
3 Full holiday on Saturday.
8
56 Scale became 90 cents on June 1,1919.
5 Scale became 80 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
8
6 Scale became $1 on May 29,1919.
9
6 Scale became $1 on June 12,1919.
0
8i 48 hours per week, December to February, inclusive.
6 Double time after 1 hour.
2
8 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
3
64 48 hours per week, October to April, inclusive.
65 Scale became $1,125 on June 1,1919.
66 Scale became 87.5 cents on Aug. 15, 1919.
8 Scale became $1,125 on June 10,1919.
7




-44

_44

128

BULLETIN OF THE BUEEAU OF LABOE STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
ST R U C T U R A L -IR O N W O R K E R S.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C e n ts.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass..........................
Bridgeport, Conn...................
Buffalo, N . Y .........................
Newark, N. J...............
New Haven, Conn.................
New York, N. Y .................
Philadelphia, P a.................
Pittsburgh, P a .............
Portland, M e................
Providence, R. I ..................
Roches terjNT. Y , ..................
Scranton, P a......................
Springfield, Mass...................
Worcester, Mass....................

6 80.0
8
92.5
85.0
6>87.5
£
92.5
7° 87.5
e 92.5
9
100.0
75.0
92.5
90.0
87.5
92.5
80.0

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.
R e g u l a r ra te
m u l t ip lied
v—

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

35.20
40.70
2
37.40
li
38.50
2
40.70
2
38.50
2
40.70
2
44.00
2
33.00
2
40.70
2
39. 60
2
38.50 * li
2
40. 70
2
35.20

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

80.0
80.0
70.0
75.0
80.0
80.0
92.5
87.5
75.0
80.0
80.0
68.8
80.0
68.8

35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
40.70 • 8 - 4 - 4 4
38.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 3 8 - 8 -48
4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.25 8 - 4 - 4 4

2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12

75.0
75.0
87.5
75.0
80.0
80.0

33.00
33.00
38.50
33.00
35. 20
35.20

7 11
4
li
2
2

2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

70.0
75.0
90.0
80.0 '

30.80 75 8 - 4 -44
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
39.60 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4

2
li
2 11
3
2
li

2
2
2
2
7 2
7
2
79 2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

73.5
75.0
70.0
80.0
75.0
75.0
70.0
68.8
75.0
76.5
80.0
68.8
70.0
90.0

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, Ga........................
Baltimore, Md.............
Charleston, S. C ___
Norfolk, Va....................
Richmond, Va............
Washington, D. C .............

80.0
100.0
7i 87.5
92.5
92.5
72 92.5

2 35.20
44.00
38.50
40.70
40.70
40.70

7 87.5
3
7 75.0
6
100.0
90.0

38.50
33.00
39.60

87.5
87.5
80.0
6 90.0
9
85.0
90.0
80.0
87.5
90.0
85.0
92.5
si 80.0
90.0
100.0

38.50
38.50
35. 20
39.60
37. 40
39. 60
35.20
38.50
39.60
37.40
40.70
35. 20
39. 60
44.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111..............................
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
Cleveland, Ohio.................
Columbus. Ohio....................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111..
Dayton, Ohio.....................
Des Moines, Iowa..............
Detroit, Mich.........................
Indianapolis, Ind...................
Kansas City, Mo....................
Milwaukee, W is ....................
Minneapolis, Minn................
Omaha, Nebr.........................
Peoria, 111...............................
St. Louis, Mo..........................
St. Paul, Minn.......................
Toledo, Ohio..........................
Youngstown, Ohio...............

4 4 .0 0

78 11

7 li
8

80 11

2

80 11

2
2
li

2

8 -4 -4 4

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

32.34 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
2 30. 80 758 - 4 -44
30.25 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.66 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.25 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
39.60 8 - 4 - 4 4

2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.

2 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m .; double time thereafter.
3
3 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
4
6 Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
8
«9 Scale became $1 on Sept. 1,1919.
70 Scale became $1 in Brooklyn and Queens on Sept. 15,1919.
7 Scale became 92.5 cents on June 1,1919.
1
72 Scale became $1 on Aug. 1,1919.
73 Scale became $1 on Sept. 22,1919.
74 Double time from 5.30 p. m. to 7 a. m.
7* 48 hours per week, December to March, inclusive.
>
76 Scale became 85 cents on June 22, 1919.
7 Work on Labor Day and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
7
78 Double time from 6 p. m. to 7 a. m.
7 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
9
8 Double time after 7 p. m.
0
8 Scale became 85 cents on July 1,1919.
1




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 2 9 T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC .—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STRUCTURAL-IRON1 WORKERS—Concluded.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

C ents.

For
Sun­
For
days
over­
time. and
holi­
days.

Per
week,
full
time.

D o lls .

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
week,
Per
Full week. half
hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l a r r a te
m ulti ip lied
by

SOUTH CENTRAL.

80.0
Birmingham, Ala..................
6
Dallas, Tex.............................. 2 75.0
3
Houston, T e x ......................... 8 75.0
75.0
Reinforced concrete...........
87.5
Little Rock, Ark...................
80.0
Louisville, K y ........................
87.5
Memphis, Tenn......................
New Orleans, La.:
5
Union A ............................... 8 75.0
87.5
Union B ...............................

May 15, 1918.

C ents.

35.20
33.00
33.00
33.00
38.50
235.20
38.50

2
8 H
2
8 li
2
14
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12

33.00
38.50

8214
2

2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12
12

44.00
38.50
33.00
44.00
38.50
44.00
44.00
40.00
40.00
44.00
38.50

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4
4
4
4

75.0
75.0
67.5
56.3

(84)

70.0
75.0
75.0

(84)

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

33.00
33.00
29. 70
24.75

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

30.80
33.00

8-4-44
8-4-44

33.00

8-4-44

(84)

(84)

(84)

(84)

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont............................
Denver, Colo..........................
Los Angeles, Calif.................
Portland, Oreg......................
Reinforced concrete...........
Salt Lake City, Utah...........
San Francisco, Calif..............
Seattle, W ash.........................
Reinforced concrete...........
Spokane, Wash......................
Reinforced concrete...........

100.0
87.5
75.0
100.0
87.5
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
87.5

-

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
0
0
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-40
-40
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
38 12

87.5
75.0
62.5
87.5
75.0
81.3
87.5
87.5
75.0
87.5
75.0

38.50
33.00
30.00
38.50
33.00
35.75
38. 50
38.50
33.00
38.50
33.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

80.0
80.0
70.0
75.0
80.0
68.8
92.5
87.5
80.0
80.0
68.8
80.0
68.8

35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 -44
30.25 8 - 4 - 4 4
40.70 8 - 4 - 4 4
38.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 3 8 - 8 -48
4
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.25 8 - 4 - 4 4

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

75.0
80.0
80.0

33.00
35.20
35.20

38 12
12

12

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

STRUCTURAL-IRON WORKERS: FINISHERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

35.20
40.70
37.40
38.50
40.70
35.20
40.70
44.00
40.70
39.60
38.50
40.70
35.20

2
2
14
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
14
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

100.0
92.5
7* 92.5

44.00
40.70
40.70

2
2
2

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
I

6 80.0
8
92.5
85.0
8 87.5
6
92.5
80.0
86 92.5
100.0
92.5
90.0
87.5
92.5
80.0

i
O
O

Boston, Mass...........
Bridgeport, Conn..,
Buffalo, N. Y ..........
Newark, N. J......... .
New Haven. Conn..
New York, N. Y . ..
Philadelphia, P a...,
Pittsburgh, Pa........
Providence, R. I ....
Rochester, N . Y ___
Scranton, Pa...........
Springfield, Mass...
Worcester, Mass —

8-4-44

8 - 4 -4 4

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, Md.......
Richmond, V a.......
Washington, D. C.

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
82 Double J'
time from 7 p. m. to 7 a. m.
26 Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1,1919.
“ ~
8 Scale became 87.5 cents on Aug. 15,1919.
3
3 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive,
4
8 Not organized on May 15, 1918.
4
a Full holiday on Saturday.
s
8 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 23,1919.
5
6 Double time after 1 hour.
2
8 Scale became $1 on Sept. 1,1919.
6
6 Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
8
™ Scale became $1 on Aug. 1,1919.

172259°—20— Bull. 274-




-9

BULLETIN" OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

130
T a b le

A. — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TBADES— Continued.
STRUCTURAL-IRON WORKERS: FINISHERS—Concluded.
May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C en ts.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111........................
73 80.0
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................
75.0
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
100.0
Detroit, Mich......................... *«90.0
Indianapolis, Ind...................
85.0
Kansas City, Mo....................
90.0
Milwaukee, W is.....................
80.0
Minneapolis, Minn___
87.5
Omaha, Nebr..........................
90.0
Peoria, 111................................
85.0
St. Louis, Mo..........................
92.5

*35.20
33.00
44.00
39.60
37.40
39.60
35.20s
38.50
39.60
37.40
40.70

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. "holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
full
Jialf hour.
time.
holi­
day.

R e g n l a r r a te
m u lt; ip lied
by
80 1J
2

2
2

2
80 I f

2

D o lls .

12
121
12
12
12
12
12

2
2

8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12

70.0 *30.80 8 - 4 -44 !
75.0
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
39.60 8 - 4 - 4 4
90.0
80.0
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
75.0
33.00 8 - 4 -44
75.0
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
70.0
30.80 8 8 - 4 -44
8
68.8
30.25 8 - 4 - 4 4
75.0
33.00 8 - 4 -44 ,
33.66 8 - 4 - 4 4
76.5
80.0
35.20 8 - 4 -44 ,

2
2
2

$ - 4 - 4 4

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

75.0
70.0
75.0

33.00
30.80
33.00

12
12
12
12

75.0
62.5
87.5
81.3
75.0

33.00
30.00
38.50
35.75
33.00

2
2
2
77 2

87 U
87 i f
80 1*

C en ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

2

79 2

2
2

12
12

12

i

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex.............................. w 75.0
Louisville, K y ........................
80.0
New Orleans, La.................... 8»75.0

33.00
35.20
33.00

*»1 §
2

8»1§

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

W ESTERN .

Denver, Colo...........................
87.5
Los Angeles, Cali;f..................
75.0
Portland, Oreg.......................
100.0
Salt Lake City, Utah............ 100.0
San Francisco, Calif............ « > 8 7 .5

38.50
33.00
44.00
44.00
38.50

2
2
2
2
2

2
2

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12

8-4-44

8 - 8 -48

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

STRUCTURAL-IRON WORKERS; FINISHERS’ HELPERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Bridgeport, Conn...
Buffalo, N . Y ..........
Newark, N . J...........
New Haven,Conn..
New Y ori~N . Y . . .
Pittsburgh, Pa........
Rochester, N . Y ___
Springfield, M ass...
Worcester, Mass___

55.0
50.0
62.5
55.0
62.5
70.0
55.0
55.0
60.0

24.20
22.00
27.50
24.20
27.50
30.80
24.20
24.20
26.40

2
1|
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

55.0
45.0
50.0,
55.0
50.0
60.0
45.0
55.0
50.0

24.20
19.80
22.00
24.20
22.00
26.40
19.80
24.20
22.00

56.3
50.0

24.75
22.00

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

50-0
50.0

22.00 5 - 4 - 4 4
22. G
O 8-4-44

45.0
150-0

19.80
22.00

H
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

45.0
50.0

19.80
22.00

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Richmond, V a.......
Washington, D. C.
NORTH CENTRAL.

Cincinnati, Ohio..

* More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
*6 Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1,1919.
Double time after 1 hour.
T Seale became $1 on Sept. 22,1919.
*
77 Work on Labor Day and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
* Double time after 7 p . m .
Q
m Double time from 7 p . m. to 7 a. m.
s* Scale became 87.5 cents on June 23,1919.
88 Scale became $1 on Sept. 1,1919.
w Double time from 6 p . m. to 7 a. m.
88 48 hours per week, December to March, inclusive.
8» Scale became $1 on Aug. 4,1919.

• Scale became 60 cents on Sept. 2,1919.
?




8-4-44
8-4-44

UNION SCALE OT WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 3 1
T a b le

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILBINCr TRADES—Continued.
STRUCTTJRAL-IRON WORKERS: FINISHERS’ HELPERS—Concluded.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
«ity.

F

Per
hour.

SOUTH CENTRAL.
C ents.

Memphis, Term.....................

dt

Per
Sun­
For
week;, over-, days.
and
full
time.
time.
holi­
days.

D o lls .

50.0

22.00

45.0
50.0

21.60
22.0Q

R e g u l a r r a te
m u tt
Ii
by—
2
2

1

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.;
Hours:
Full days; with?
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
Full week. urday Per
half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C en ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

8-4-44

12

45. Q

138 - 8 -48
8-4-44

3
12

(91)
43.8

58 12
12
3
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

75.0
68.8
62.5
08.8
71.9
75.0
70.0
67.5
68.8
62.5
60.0
75.0

9 . 8 - 8 -48
7
S - 4 -44 : **' i 2

65.0
75.0

31.20
2 33.00

8 - 8 -48
8-4-44

12
12

68.8
56-3

30.25
24.75

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

75.0
68.8
75.0
65.0
71.9
68.8
71.9
68.8
75.0
71.9
68.8
71.9
75.0
£8.8

33.00
30.25
33.00
28.60
31.63
30.25
31.63
30.25
33.00
31.63
50.25
31.63
33.00
30.25

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

19.80

8-4-44

W ESTERN .

Salt Lake City, Utah..............
San Francisco, Calif..............

m

2
2

2
2

W

19.25

w

8-4-44

TIL E L A YE R S.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Bridgeport, t e i ...................

Buffalo, N.

....... .........

Newark, N. I .......................;

j&ew Haven, dann...............;
New YoEk,N. Y . ..................
Philadelphia, Pa....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
Providence, R. I ....................
Rochester, N . Y .....................
Scranton, Pa...........................
Springfield, Mass...................

-6 80.0
8
81:3
*3 71.9
75.0
■ 71.9
9
3
9 81.3
5
9 80.0
5
*67.5
5 68.8
9 75.0
6
9 71.9
3
87.5

32.00
35.75
34.53
33.0@
3£L 63
.<
35.75
35.20
29.70
30.25
33.00
31.63
38.50

2
2
n i|
2
2
2
2
If
If

11
2

2
2
2
63-2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

w 65.0
87.5

31.20
36.75

11
2

2
2

9 75.0
8
75.0

33.00
33.00

li

2
2

®87.5
71.9
75. Q
9 75.0
9
71.9
9 71. 9
3
93 71. 9
93 68.8
87.5
71.9
*75.0
33 71.9
85.0
5 75.0

38.50
81.63.
33.00
33.00
31.63
31.63
31.63
30.25
3 8 .5Q
31.63
33.00
31.63
37.40
33.00

li
li
11 l i

1u
1

8-0-40
8-4-44
13 - 8 - 8 -48
8-4-44
8-4-44
• 8 - 4 -44
• - 4 -44
8
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44

30.00 8 - 0 - 4 0
30.25 " 8 - 4 -44
30.00 ■ 8 - 8 -48
i*
30.25 8 - 4 - 4 4
31.63. 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
29.70 8 - 4 - 4 4
30.25 8 - 4 - 4 4
27.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
26.40 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

1

1

=8-4-44

00

11

r*
f.

Baltimore, M d............
Norfolk, Va., district.
Washington, IX C.:
Union A ______ _____
Union B ._ .................
NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 3H„._.......................
Cincinnati, !Ohio_.................
Cleveland, Ohio...................
Dayton, Ohio........................
Des Moines, Iowa.................
Detroit, Mich........................
Grand Rapids, Mich...........
Indianapolis., In d .................
Kansas City, Mo..................
Milwaukee, W is...................
Minneapolis, Minn...............
-©anafea, Nebr........................
St. Louis, Mo........................
St. Paul, Minn.....................

2

li
li
li
11 l i
11 l i
•li
li
ii l i
li
li

2
2
6 2
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
632
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
:8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
6Scale became 80 cents on July 1,1919.
1 Double time after midnight.
1
m 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
M Scale became $1 on July 1,1919.
3 Full holiday on Saturday.
8
6 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
8
8 Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
8
9 Not organized on May 15„ 1918.
1
Scale became 53.1 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
Scale became 80 cents on July l*and 85 cents-on-Oct. 1,, 1919.
»* Scale became 81.3 cents on June 1,1919.
Scale became 85 cents on Oct. 1., 1919.
96 Scale became 81.3 cents an Sept. X, 1919.
97 Scale-became SO *cents per hour and 44“
hours per week on July 1,1919.
® Scale became 85 cents on July 23,1919.
8

wScale became 80 cents on Juno 1,1919,




132
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Concluded.
T IL E L A Y E R S —Concluded.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week, over­ days
and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

C en ts.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL—concld.

R e g u l a r r a te
m u lti Iplied
by
2
2
82

1
1
2
1
1

78.4
87.5
5
Youngstown, Ohio................ 9 80.0

34.50
38.50
35.20

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Dallas, Tex.............................. 9 75.0
3
100.0
Little Rock, Ark...................
75.0
Louisville, K y ........................
Nashville, Tenn..................... i 80.0

36.00
44.00
33.00
35.20

9U
H
H
1
1

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont............................
Denver, Colo...........................
Los Angeles, Calif..................
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City, Utah............
San Francisco, Calif..............
Seattle, Wash.........................

48.00
38.50
35. 75
38.50
35. 75
44.00
35.00

H
911
1
1
1
1
2
2

Toledo, Ohio...........................

Winhita, TTans__

100.0

87.5
81.3
87.5
*81.3

100.0
87.5

•1*

2
2
2
2

H
2

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

8-8-48
8-4-44
8 - 4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

2

8 - 8 -4 8
8 - 4 -4 4

2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-0-40

12
12
12
1
2
12
1
2
12
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2

5 12

C en ts.

D o lls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

72.7
75.0

68.8

32.00
33.00
30.25

g _ 4 _44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44

75.0
75.0
75.0
80.0

36.00
33.00
33.00
35.20

8 -8

100.0

48.00
30-80
30.00
35.75
33.00
35.75
39.00

8
8
8
8
8
8

70.0
62.5
81.3
75.0
81.3
81.3

-48

8 - 4 _44
8 - 4 - 44
8 -4 -4 4

-

8
4
8
4
4
4

-

4
4
4
4
4
4

8
4
8
4
4
4

8-8-48

TILE L A Y E R S ’ HELPERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass..........................
Bridgeport, Conn...................
Newark, N. J..........................
New York, N. Y ....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
Scranton, F a...........................
NORTH CENTRAL.

< 43.8
41.3
7 40.6
50-. 0
50.0
50.0

618.15
17.88
22.00
22.00
22.00

57.5
Chicago, 111.............................
42.5
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
37.5
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
45.0
Des Moines, Iowa..................
40.0
Omaha, Nebr..........................
St. Louis, Mo.......................... ii 45.0

25.30
18.70
16.50
19.80
17.60
19.80

WESTERN.
87.5
Butte, Mont..........................
Denver, Colo........................... 13 43.8
4
Salt Lake City, Utah............ 1 50.0
62.5
San Francisco, Calif..............
Seattle, W ash.........................
68.8

17.50

42.00
19.25

22.00
27.50
27.50

2
2

2
2

H

11

11
11

*i|
9 11

H
H

9 11
11
2
2

2

2

8 - 0 -40
8-4-44

5 12

12
1
2
1
2
12
12

82
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4

-

4
4
4
4

4
4
4
4

2
2
2
10 2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8

-

4
4
4
4
4
4

-

4
4
4
4
4
4

4
4
4
4
4
4

12

i* 1
1
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

-8 - 4
-4 -4 -

4 8
-44
4 4
4 4

12
12

8-0-40

12
12
12
1
2
12

12

5 12

43.8
17.50
41.3
18.15
40.6
17.88
40.6
17.88
19.25
43.8
5
31.3 1 13.75

8 - 0 -40

43.8
37.5
37.5
40.6
40.0
43.8

19.25
16.50
16.50
3 17.88
17.60
19.25

8 -4 -4 4
8 - 4 -4 4
8 - 4 - 4 4

75.0
37.5
40.6
43.8
48.5

36.00
16.50
17.86
19.25
24.00

i Scale became 90 cents on Aug. 15,1919.
* Scale became 90.6 cents on July 25,1919.
* More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
« Scale became 60 cents on June 30,1919.
* Full holiday on Saturday.
« Nominal rate. A ll received more, $22 to $27.50.
7 Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1919.8 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
» Double time after midnight.
w Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
11 Scale became 52.5 cents on June 1,1919.
11 For Sunday; for holidays, double time.
13 Scale became 50 cents on July 15,1919.
14 Scale became 56.5 cents on July 25,1919.
1 Nominal rate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
4
99 Scale became 80 cents on July 1, and 85 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
* Scale became 85 cents on Oct. 1,1919.




8 -4
8 - 4
8 - 4
8 - 4

-4 4

8 4-44
-4 4
- 4 4
-4 4

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 i - 8J-49J

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 3 3

T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS.
CH A U FF E U R S.*
‘ May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
weekfull
time.

For
over­
time.

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Building material, over Cents. Dolls.
3-ton trucks..............
55.6
30.00
Coal delivery—
Electric truck.................
28.00
63.6
Gasoline truck...........
63.6
28.00
Department store, light
cars...............................
44.4
24.00
General.............................
35.0
22.05
Taxicabs..................
35.0
22.05
Extra agreement A
35.0
22.05
Extra agreement B
35.0
22.05
Trucks—
1 ton or less......................
34.8
23.00
2 to 3 tons............
37.9
25.00
Over 3 tons..........
40.9
27.00
H e l p e r s , department
stores...................
25.9
14.00
Buffalo, N. Y .:
General................
42.6
23.00
Market..............
45.5
30.00
Taxicabs and busses..........
30.0
21.00
Trucks—
1 to 3 tons. . .
31.9
23.00
5 tons....................
51. 7
31.00
Fall River, Mass...............
43.1
22.00
Helpers.................................
35.3
18-00
Newark, N. J.:
Beef and provisions, 31ton trucks........................
51.7
31.00
Commission houses, 3J to
5 ton trucks.....................
58.3
35.00
Express—
Local....................
51.7
31.00
Newark to New York—
2-ton trucks.................
50.0
30.00
3£ to 5 ton trucks........
51.7
31.00
Manufacturing shops.........
51.7
31.00
Trucks—
3-ton................................
so 45.8
27.50
5-ton.................................. 3 50. Q
0
30.00
New York, N . Y .:
Cloth sponging...................
44.4
22.00
Men who received $22
per week prior to
adoption of agree­
ment..............................
48.5
24.00

Regular rate
multiplied
by—
16 1
li
li

ss

19 2
19 2

li

2

45c

n 45c

s*45c
» 45c
»3 50c
S 50c
3
S 50c
3

Cents.

1
1
1

1
17 2
17 2
17 2

Dolls.

43.7

24.00 i s i o

48.0
50.0

24.00 si 9 — 5 -50
25.00 si 9 - 5 -50

9-9-54
9-9-63
9-9-63
9-9-63
9-9-63

38.9
25.0
30.0
30.0
30.0

2 1 .0 0

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

30.3
33.3
36.4

2 0 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

9-9-54

17 2
so
so

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

6
6

-

5 -55

9-9-54
19.25 11 - 11-77
10 -10 -70
18.90 9 - 9 - 6 3
16.80 8 - 8 - 5 6

2 1 .0 0

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
24.00 11 -11 -66
9 - 9 -54

li

2

9-9-54

22.2

12.00

1

1

9-9-54
11 -11 -66
10 -10 -70

37.0
37.9

20.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
25.00 11 -11 -66

o 1J
ss36c

« li

1
50c

1

1

(*>)

(25)

(»)

27:8
49.2
39.2
27.5

20.00 12
29.50 10
20.00 ” 9
14.00 * 9
7

-12
-10
- 6
- 6

-72
-60
-51
-51

25.00 10 -10 -60

li
li

li
li

li

li

10 -10 -60

41.7

li

li

10 -10 -60

41.7

li

«

12 -12 -72
10 -10 -60
9-6-51
9-6-51

li

10 -10 -60

36.7

li
li
li

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

ran
(S9)
37.5

(*>)
(»)
(29)
(»)
22.50 10 -10 -60

2
2

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

41.7
45.0

25.00 10 -10 -60
27.00 10 -10 -60

li
li
li

*s 60c
60c

ss

2

26 2

(3!)

9 - 4J-49i

12
12

12

(te)

25.00 10 -10 -60
ss 2 2 .0 0

(“ )

10 -10 -60

(25)

(25)
(*)
(*)
9 - 4 i-4 9 J
12
2
(31)
1 Time and one-half after 1 hour.
6
1 For Sundays; holidays off with pay; double time if work is performed,
7
is 60 hours and same pay per week. October to March, inclusive.
w Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 1 p. m.
so 8 hours on Saturday, 48 hours and same pay per week, October to March, inclusive.
*i 9 hours on Saturday, 54 hours and same pay per week, October to March, inclusive.
» Rate in cents per hour.
*3 Ratein cents per hour until 8 p. m.; 65 cents per hour thereafter.
** For Sundays;for holidays, full day’s pay for 5 hours work.
* Not organized on May 15,1918.
*6 For Sundays;for holidays, regular rate.
*7 9 hours on Saturday, 54 hours and same pay per week, October to April, inclusive.
*8 More than halfreceived more than the scale; amount not reported.
8 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
9
3 Scale became 53.3 cents on July 1,1919.
0
81 For Sundays, no rate; holidays off with pay; double time if work is performed.
4 Owing to the great number of classifications of this occupation and to conserve space the data for classi­
5
fications embracing a comparatively small membership of the union have been omitted from the lists of
t h e larger cities.




BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

134
T a b le

A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
C H A U F F E U R S—Continued.
May 15, 1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH ATLANTIC—contd.

For
Per : For Sun­
ureek, over- 1 days
and full
time. time.J holi, days.

_ Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
Per
Full week. urday hour.
half
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Regntb s r r a u
v
m ulti IpHed

by
New York, N. Y .— Coneld. C en ts. D o lls .
66.7
36.00 321
2
Coal, 4-ton and over, gas..
2
5
Fish, trucks over 2 tons..
50.0 3 30.00 (36) ■
59.3
32.00
Furniture._________ _____
n
9
Electric v»ns .........
35.0 88 21.00 3 1
38.3 3 23.00 391“
1 ton or over....................
8
i*
Milk—
i
3-ton trucks or smaller..
50.8
32.00
ii
Over 2-ton tracks............
54.8
34.50
i
H
42 9
Special delivery
27.00
i
i
Wholesale
63.5
40.00
li
Pianos—
Electric trucks................
51.9
.28.00 ** 60c
2
55.6
2
Gas trucks................ .
30.00 ** 60c
30.00 »5Dc (37)
Poultry..................... ...........
50.0
Produce, trucks over 2
3
2
tons....................................
45.5 4 30.00 (36)
1
Taxicabs..............................
38.9
24.50 M52c
Cracks—
6
Excavating,....................
50.0
30.00 1 1 2
1 ton..................................
48.2
26.00 ** 100c 17
2 tons and under, Union
A ...................... .............
30.00 « 60c
55.6
H
2 tons, Union B ________
50. G 27.00 ® 100c 17 2
3 tons, Union B ................
51.9
28.00 » 100c 17 2
4 tons, Union B ................
53.7
29.00 ** 1006 17 2
5 tons, Union B .................
30.00 M100c 17 2
55.6
Helpers—
(46)
Cloth sponging................
2
26.3 3 13.00
Coal and asphalt.............
51.9
28.00 32 1
2
8
31.7 4 19. 00 39 1
Furniture........................
u
i
Milk...................................
39.7
25. 00
Poultry............................
50.0 «>30. 00 6150c (37)
2
Produce............................
37.9 6 25. 00 63 40c
2

2

46.7
50. C
f
50.0
35.0
38.3

;
28.00 3410 -10 -60
30.00 10 - 1 0 -60
27.00 9 - 9 -54
21.00 10 -10 -60
23.00, 10 -1 0 -60

9 -63
9 -63
9 -63
9 -63

31.4
35.7
28.6
37.1

22.00 4010 -1 0
25.00 «10 -10
20.00 4010 -1 0
56.00 4010 -10

9-9-54
9 - 9 -5 4
« 1 0 -1 0 -60 :

42.6
46.3
40.0

23.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
—54
25.00
24.00 10 -10 -60

4 11 -11 -66
3
9-9-63

45.5
33.3

30.00 11 -11 -66
21.00 9 - 9 -63

41.6
38.9

24.96 10 -10 -60
21.00 9 - 9 - 5 4

30.3
40.7
42.6
44.4
46.3

20.00 4410 -10 -66
22.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
23.00 9 _ 9 _54
24.00 9 _ 9 _54
25.00 9 - 9 -54

•39 - 9 —
3
54
3 10 -1 0 -60
5
9-9-54
3 10 -10 -60
8
3 10 -10 -60
8
*0 9 40 9 4 90
4 90

C en ts.

3

10 -1 0 -60 _____
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9_9_54
9 _ 9 _54
9-9-54
99-9-54
4810 -1 0 -60
4 9 —9 -63
0
6010 -10 -60
62 11 -1 1 - 6 6

12

3

(47)

33.3
31.7
25.7
40.0
37.9

D o lls .

(47)

(47)

20.00 3410 -10 -60

19.00 10 -10
18. 00 4010 -10
24.00 10 -10
25.00 11 r l l

» More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
1 Time and one-half af ter 1 hour.
6
17 For Sundays; holidays off with pay; double time if work is performed.
22 Rate in cents per hour.
35 Double time after 1 hour.
38 5 hours on Saturday, 50 hours and same pay per week, June to August, inclusive.
84 5 hours on Saturday and 55 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
8 Scale became $36 and 54 hours^per week, on June 9,1919.
5
36 40 cents per hour for 1 hour ;60 cents per hour thereafter.
87 Work on Sundays prohibited; holidays off with pay.
8 Scale became $28 and 54 hours per week on August 1,1919.
8
89 Time and one-halfafter 8 p . m .
1 day off each month with pay, and 1 week’s vacation each year with pay.
41 Scale became $40 per week, and 9 hours per day, on August 12,1919.
48 Scale became $36 and 60 hours per week, on June 9,1919.
44 Sundays, 6 hours.
« Work on Sundays prohibited; holidays off with pay; double time if work is performed.
4 Not organized on May 15,1918.
7
4 Scale became $25.50 and 54 hours per week on Aug. 1,1919.
8
8 Scale became $40 per week and 9 hours per day on Aug. 12,1919.
0
“ Rate in cents per hour.
82 Scale became $30 and 59 hours per week on June 9,1919.
w Rate in cents for first hour; 60 cents per hour thereafter.




- 70
-70
-70
-70

-60
-70
-60
-6 6

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b l e A .—

135

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS —Continued.
C H A U FF E U R S—Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
eity.
Per
: hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. iyflidays.

NORTH ATLANTIC—concld.
C ents.
Philadelphia, Pa.:
40.3
Coal, 2-tontrueks.............
47.6
General, 3 tons and over..
67.3
Piano............................. .......
Taxi cabs............................
34.4
44.4
Touring cars......................
Helpers—
34.9
General.............................
61.8
Piano........... „ ...................
Portland, Me.:
Trucks—
34. D
1 t o n .........................................
14 tons...............................
36.0
2 to 3 tons........................
40.0
3 tons and over...............
42.0
Providence, R . I.:
40.0
Coal......................................
Department stores and
38.9
furniture..........................
Helpers, d e p a r t m e n t
stores................................
33.3
Rochester, N . Y .;
Delivery...............................
36.7
Funeral................................
41.7
General.................................
46.3
Taxioahs.-..........................
33.3
Truck delivery...................
40.7
Scranton, Pa.:
Milk
43.1
Taxicabs......................
27.0
Trucks—
Large............................... .
52.5
Small............................... .
40.4
Springfield, Mass.:
Coal—
2 to 4 ton trucks........... .
50.0
5 tons and over............. .
56.0
Grain and masons' sup­
plies—
2 tons and under............
40.0
Over 2 ton s.....................
43.6
Helpers—
Coal................................. .
44.0
Grain and masons' sup­
plies............................. .
34.5

D o lls .

Regvdi z r r a t e
muHA p lied
by
** 35c
2

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with:
Full days; Sat - ’
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C ents.

24.00
30.00 6i 35c
37.00
H
18.60
li
24.00
14

2
2
1
1

» 1 0 - 94-594
1 1 - 8 -63
1 0 - 5 -55
9-9-54
9-9-54

22.00 6i35c
34.00
14

2
2

17.00
3 18.00
20.00
i* 21.00

14
14
14
14

4

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

12

37.0
38.1
49.1
34.4
44.4

22.00 <*10 - 9|-594
24.00 1 1 - 8 -63
27.00 1 0 - 5 -55
18.60 9 - 9 - 5 4
24.00 9 - 9 - 5 4

11-8-63
1 0 - 5 -55

12

23.8
43.6

15.00 1 1 - 8 -63
24.00 1 0 - 5 -55

2
2
2
2

9-5-50
9-5-50
9-5-50
9-5-50

12
12
12
12

30.9
17.00 561032.7
18.00 661036.4
20.00 56106
38.2 1 21.00 5610 -

5
5
5
5

-55
-55
-55
-55

2

10 -10 -60

36.7

22.00 10 -10 -60

21.00

(67)

(67)

9-9-54

30.0

18.00 10 -10 -60

18.00

(67)

(67)

9-9-54

23.3

14.00 10 -10 -60

1
1
2
1
2

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
9-9-54
10 -10 -60
9-9-54

33.3
36. 7
38.0
30.0
34.3

20.00 10 -10 -60
22. 00 10 -10 -60
20. 50 9 - 9 - 5 4
18, 00 10 -10 -60
18.50 9 - 9 - 5 4

6 65
8
10 -10 -70

30.0
21.4

21.00 ®10 -10 -70
15.00 10 -10 -70

12
12

45.5
34.3

22.50
17.00

24.00

14

22.00 si 45c
25.00
14
25.00
9 14
20.00
14
22.00
914
28.00
18.90

l
l

1
1

26.00
20.00

l
l

2
2

25.00
28.00

14
14

6 2
9
6 2
9

9 - 5 -50
«o 9 - 5 -50

6
6

40.0
45.5

22.00 «10 - 5 -55
25.00 eilO - 5 -55

W22.00
1 24.00
6

14
14

2
2

1 0 - 5 -55
1 0 - 5 -55

12
12

40.0
43.6

22.00 1 0 - 5 -55
24.00 1 0 - 5 -55

22.00

14

6 2
9

6 9 - 5 -50
0

34.5

19.00 silO - 5 - 5 5

3 19.00

9 - 4J-49J
9 - 4§-49£

6

9 - 4|-49i
9 - 4J-49&

19.00 1 0 - 5 - 5 5
14
3 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
• Double time after midnight.
i» Nominal rate. Allreceived more; amount not reported.
491 day off each month with pay and 1 week’s vacation each year with pay.
Rate in cents per hour.
Ratein cents per hour until 9 p. m. ; time and one-half thereafter.
» 55§ hours, June to September, inclusive.
*6 60 hours and same pay per week, December to March, inclusive.
« Work prohibited.
Hours irregular; total 65 per week. One day off each month and one week off each year with pay.
6 For Sundays; holidays off with pay; regular pay added for work performed.
9
e 9 hours per day, 10 on Saturday, 55 hours and same pay per week, November to April, inclusive.
o
6 60 hours and same pay per week, November to April, inclusive.
1




2

1 0 - 5 -55

12

34.5

136

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
C H A U F F E U R S—Continued.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Baggage delivery...............
Building material—
Roofing.............................
Stone, lime, and ce­
ment, over 2 and up
to 4 tons. .....................
Stone, lime, and ce­
ment, over 4 tons........
Building material and
coal—
1 ton..................................
2 tons.................................
3 tons.................................
Coal—
l i tons and under...........
2 tons.................................
Over 2 tons...................
Commission houses—
2 tons.................................
3 tons.................................
4 tons.................................
5 tons.................................
Department store and fur­
niture ................................
Funeral.......................
Furniture............................
General—
Under 1 ton.....................
1 ton and under 2—
Union A ........................
Union B ........................
1 and 2 ton electric
trucks............................
2 tons—
Union A ........................
Union B ........................
2 tons and less than 3,
gas trucks.....................
3 tons and under 5.........
3 tons and less than 5,
gas trucks.....................
3 tons and over, electric
trucks............................
5 tons and under 7, gas
trucks............................
5 tons and over...............
7 tons or over, gas trucks.




For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
week,
Full week. urday hour.
half
full
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u l a r r a te
m ulti Iplied
by

C en ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

35.5

25.38

2
1 6 11 -11 -77

32.3

23.08 6211 -11 -77

43.9

29.00 5i 50c

2

11 -11 -66

34.8

23.00 11 -11 -66

40.9

27.00

li

li

11 -11 -66

36.4

24.00 11 -11 -66

45.3

30.00

li

li

11 -11 -66

40.9

27.00 11 -11 -66

44.4
47.6
50.0

28.00 5i 60c
30.00 51 60c
31.50 51 60c

li
li
li

10i-10i-63
10i-10i-63
10i-10i-63

50.0
52.5
55.0

30.00 51 65c
31.50 si 65c
33.00 si 65c

li
li
li

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

35.0
37.5
40.0

21.00 10 -10 -60
22.50 10 -10 -60
24.00 10 -10 -60

53.3
55.0
56.7
58.3

32.00
33.00
34.00
35.00

5i 60c
5 60c
1
51 60c
5i 60c

2 li
6
2 li
6

10
10
10
10

40.9
42.4
43.9
45.5

27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00

47.5
36.8
49.1

28.50
1
i
23.00 5 35c
28.00 651

10 -10 -60
10i-10 -62£
9 i- 9i-57

38.3
30.4
41.3

23.00 10 -10 -60
19.00 10i-10 -62^
26.00 10i-10i-63

9 i- 9|-57

37.5

22.50 10 -10 -60

39.3
37.5

23.58 6910 -10 -60
22.50 10 -10 -60

(68)

26 11

2 1£
6
6 li
4
1
(66)

-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60

6 40.4
7

23.00

39.3
70 45.6

23.58
26.00

(68)

l i 6910 -10 -60
9 i- 9J-57
li

7 45.6
0

26.00

(68)

li

li

li

9 i- 9i-57

(63)
(63)
(63)

(63)

(63)
(63)
(63)

(63)

(63)

(<»)
(»)

11
11
11
11

-11
-11
-11
-11

-66
-66
-66
-66

(63)

43.1
43.7

25.88
ii
27.50 5i60c

li 6910 -10 -60
l i 10i-10i-63

43.1
34.9

25.88 6910 -10 -60
22.00 10i-10i-63

7i 48.2
46.0

27.50 (68)
29.00 51 60c

li
ii

9 i- 9i-57
10^-10^-63

37.5
37.3

22.50 10 -10 -60
23.50 10i-10i-63

72 50.9

29.00

(68)

li

9 i- 9i-57

40.0

24.00 10 -10 -60

73 49.1

28.00

(68)

li

9 i- 9i-57

35.0

21.00 10 -10 -60

74 55.3
47.6
7 59.6
5

31.50 (68)
30.00 51 60c
34.00 (68)

45.0
9 i- 9i-57
li
(63)
l i 10i-10i-63
50.0
9 i- 9i-57
li
2 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate,
6
w Rate in cents per hour.
« 1 day off every 2 weeks with pay.
« N o sc^le in effect on May 15, 1918.
6 For Sundays; holidays off with pay.
4
« 62 cents per hour after 7 p. m.
w Work prohibited; emergency jobs double time.
Scale became 45.6 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
681 cent per minute for 1 hour; l i cents per minute thereafter.
8 55 hours and same pay per week, July and August.
9
7° Scale became 50.9 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
7 Scale became 53.5 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
1
72 Scale became 56.1 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
78 Scale became 54.4 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
7< Scale became 60.5 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
7 Scale became 64.9 cents on Aug. 4; 1919.
6

27.50 10 -10 -60

(63)

(63)

30.00 10 -10 -60

137

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
C H A U F F E U R S—Continued.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH CENTRAL —COntd.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week, over­ days
and
full
time. holi­
time.
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
week,
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

1

R egu h z r r a t e
m u lti p lie d
by

C ents. D o lls .
Chicago, 111.—Concluded.
Ice.........................................
51.7
31.00
7675c 77 io -10 -60
Livery...................................
39.6
26.85 5i 50c
1 62 101-10 -73
Lumber, box and shav­
ings, 11 to 2§ tons............
36.4 ™24.00 5i 45c
11 79 ii _ii -66
Newspaper—
Day work........................
46.3
25.00
9-9-54
1
1
Night work...................
46.4
26.00
8-8-56
n
Packing—
1 ton and under..............
27.70
44.0
11
11 11-|- 6 -63
1 ton and under 3...........
47.1
29. 65
11 I l f - 6 -63
11
Helpers—
Coal...................................
27.00 si 50c
45.0
u 10 -10 -60
Department store and
64
1
furniture.......................
36.7
22.00
10 -10 -60
Piano.............................
2
32.00 5 60c
9-9-54
59.3
i
Cincinnati, Ohio:
80 2 si 10 -10 -60
20.00
Commission houses...........
33.3
11
Furniture—
1 ton and under..............
21.00
35.0
2
10 -10 -60
11
11 tons.............................
36.7
22.00
10 -10 -60
2
11
2 tons.................................
38.3
23.00
10 -10 -60
2
H
3 tons.................................
10 -10 -60
40.0
24.00
2
H
General—
2 tons.............................
23.00 82 1
38.3
2
10 -10 -60
3 tons......................
24.00 82 1
10 -10 -60
40.0
2
4 and 5 tons.....................
26.00 82 1
10 -10 -60
43.3
2
1 8 3 10 -10 -70
Livery..................................
21.00 si 45c
30.0
85 1 1
1
10 -10 -60
Piano.................................
8 45. 0
4
27.00
8-8-48
21.50
Soft drinks...............
44.8
11 85 1 1
Helpers—
10 -10 -60
19.50
2
32.5
Furniture........................
11
10 -10 -60
19.00 82 1
2
General, under 3 tons...
31.7
10 -10 -60
General, 3 tons and over.
21.00 82 1
2
35.0
85 11
10 -10 -60
6
Piano................................. 8 38.3
23.00
1
Cleveland, Ohio:
56.7
Excavating..........................
34.00
2 10 -10 -60
11
9-9-54
Furnitur e vans.............
53. 7
29.00 39 11 (87)
10 -10 -60
*
28.00 88 1 (87)
46.7
Groceriesand general’. ___
0
28.00 5 45c; 89 11 9 10 -10 -60
1
46.7
Ice.........................................
1
lli-111-801
30.0i 24.15 51 50c
Livery . *
....................
10 -10 -60 1
20.00 88 1J (87)
Helpers................................
33.3

C e n ts .

D o lls .

8
46.7 7 28.00 7 10 -10 -60
7
28.0
19.00 62101-10 -73
33.3

12
12

22.00 11 -11 -66

38.3
39.0

20.70
21.85

36.0
39.1

22.70 11|- 6 -63
24.65 I l f - 6 -63

9 - 9 -54
8-8-56

30.0

3

18.00 10 -10 -60

28.3
44.4

17.00 10 -10 -60
24.00 9 - 9 - 5 4

31.7

19.00 8110 -10 -60

28.3
30.0
31.7
33.3

17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00

10
10
10
10

-60
-60
-60
-60

34.2
20.50 10 -10 -60
21.50 10 -10 -60
35.8
39.2
23.50 10 -10 -60
27.9
19.50 8310 -10 -70
40.0 is 24.00 10 -10 60
44.8
21.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.8
27.5
30.8
33.3

15.50
16.50
18.50
20.00

10
10
10
10

42.0
51.9
45.0
41.7
23.4
31.7

25.20 10 -10 -60
28.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
27.00 10 -10 -60
25.00 9010 -10 -60
18.00 11 -11 -77
59.00 10 -10 -60

« Nominal rate. All received more; amount no t reported,
a Time and one-half after 8 p. m.
s
5 Rate in cents per hour.
1
621 day off every 2 weeks with pay.
« For Sundays; holidays off with pay.
7 Rate in cents per hour for Sundays; for holidays, double time.
6
7 Average hours.
7
7 $27 and same hours per week, November to April, inclusive.
8
7 Scale became $27 and 60 hours per week on June 1,1919.
9
so For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for any part of day worked.
57 hours and same pay per week June to August, inclusive.
8 Time and one-halfafter 7 p. m.
2
831 day off each month with pay; double time if work is performed.
8 Scale became 46.7 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
4
w For holidays; do not work on Sundays.
8 Scale became 40 cents on Oct. 1, 1919.
6
8 Work on Sundays prohibited; for holidays, full day’s pay for 2 hours’ work or less.
7
8 Double time after 8 p. m.
8
8 W ith a minimum of 5 hours’ pay.
9
90 54 hours and same pay per week, November to April, inclusive.




-10
-10
-10
-10

-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60

138

BULLETIN" OF THE BUEEAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS— Continued.
CHAUFFETTES—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rato of wagesGeographical division and
city.

For

Per
hour.

Sun­

Par
Tor
week- over­ days
and
full
time. time. holi­

days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
weekPer
Full week.
half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.

Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island,
111.:
1 ton or under...................
2 tons. . » ............................
Dayton, Ohio....................... .
Des Moines, Iowa.................
Detroit, Mich.: I c e .. . .........
Indianapolis, Ind..................
Kansas City, Mo.:
General—
2 tons or under...............
Over 2 and under3 tons.
4 to 5 tons........: .........
Minneapolis. Minn.: M ilk...
St. Lodis, M o.:
Coal.................................
Department store—
Under 1 ton...............
1 ton and over...........
F u r n itu r e ....,.............
General—
2 tons and under. . . .
Over 2 tons.................
Ice....................................
Milk.................................
Piano movers........ ..
Taxicabs....... . . . ............
Helpers—
Furniture...................
Piano movers.............
General.......................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Coal and sand................
Toledo, Ohio;
Delivery..........................
Furniture.......................
General—
Under 2 tons..............
Over 2 tons.................
Moving v a n s ................
Helpers—
Furniture...................
Moving vans..............

Cents.

D o lls .

R e g u l a r r a te
m u ltip lie d
by—

44.4
48.1
40.0
40.0
55.0
37.5

24*00
n
26.00
V
24.00 .91 ii
24.00
If
1
33.00
22.50
li

46.3
48.1
51.

25.00
26.00
28.00
25.

27.3

19.00
20.00
24.00

2
2
2
1
1

1
11
6

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9410 -10 -65

li

18.00

35.2
37'.0
40.0

(92)

C en ts.

9-9-54
9-9-54
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

li

D o lls .

44.4 1 24.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
6
48.1 is 26.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
24.00 e*10 -10 -60
40.0
20.00 10 -10 -60
33.3
38.
23.00 10 -10 -60

(63)

(63)

(63)

20.00 9 - 9 -54
21.00 9 - 9 - 5 4

37.0
38.9
42.6
32.7

23.00 9 - 9 -54
21.23 ^10 -10 -65

11 -11 -66

27.3

18.00 11 -11 -66

1?
li

9-9-54
9-9-54
10 -10 -60

35.2
37.0
34.2

20.00

li

10£-10H
53

19.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
9-9-54
20.50 10 -10 -60

141.7
27.9

2a 6

24.00 si 45c
26.00 51 51c
27.00
1
20.00 51 25c
25.00 16li
20.00 51 40c

35.0
2 37.5
36.5

21.00 16 1
22.50
li
23.00 51 42c

45.0

27.00 5135c

10 -10 -60

4a 0

24.00 10 -10 -60

25.4
31.7

16.00

10|-10|-63

20.00

10^10^-63

25.4
31.7

16.00 10i-10i-63
20.00 10^-10J-63

3 30.2
<31.7
3 31.7

19.00

1*

20.00

li
li

10i-10£-63
10^-10^-63
10i-10i-63

30.2
31.7
31.7

19.00 10J-10J-63
20.00 10^—
1OJ-63
20.00 10i-10|-63

9 38.1
6
9« 41.3
9 45.0
7

20.00

li
li

1
li
1

10J-10J-63
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -70
10 -10 -60
101-10i-71|

41.7
27.9

22.1

18.00 10i-10i-63
10^-10^—
63
10 -10 -60
15.50 10 -10 -70
25.00 10 -10 -60
20.00 99101-10i-71|

li
li
li

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10i-10i-65

28.3
37.5
27.0

17.00 10 -10 -60
22.50 10 -10 -60
17.00 10i-10J-63

8 50c

31.7
35.0

20.00
21.00

10i-10i-63
27.0
17.00 101-10^-63
li
10i-10i-63
25.41 16.00 10i-10i-63
li
1 Scale became 46.7 cents on June 1,1919.
2 Scale became 42.5 cents on June 1,1919.
8 5 cents per hoLir extra when handling furniture.
* 25 cents per day extra for brewery work.
is Nominalrate. Allreceived more; amount not reported.
16 Time and one-halfafter 1 hour.
*i Ratein cents per hour.
«3 No scalein effect on May 15,1918.
« After completion of 60-hour week.
92 Do not work on Sundays; holidays off with pay.
»3 Hours vary, but total 60 per week.
* Sundays, 5 hou'rs.
#» Scale became 41.3 cents on July 21,1919.
Scale became 44 .4 cents on July 21,.1919.
•741.7 cents, November to April, inclusive.
®
Rate in cents per hour for Sundays; for holidays, time and one-hall
»9 2 days off each month with pay.




27.0
3 25.4l

17.00

W 0
.G

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 3 9
T abxb A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
CHAXTFFETJRS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS —Continued.
CH AtTFFEUSS—Concluded.
May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For l l ours:
with
Sian- Fmll-days; Sat­
Per
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per
week- over­ <days
week,
and Fall week. fcalf hour. full
full
time. M i ­
time.
holi­
' time.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

Per
h oa r.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays
Full week.

W ESTERN.
R e g u la r r a U

Butte, Mont.:
m u ltip lie d
Trucks —
D o lls .
Cents,
by—
1.500 pounds and under.
68.8 33.00
Over 1,500 pounds arid
under 3 tons.................
71.9
31.50
1
3 tons and over...............
75.0
36.00
1
Taxi cabs.............................
50.0
31.50 550c
Helpers................................
68.8 33.00
1
Portland, Oreg.:
Delivery...............................
56.
27.00
li
Department stores.............
62.5
30.00
li
Trucks over 2J toms and
furniture vans.................
61 (7
53.1
25.50
)
Helpers................................
46.9
22.50
li (7
)
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Trucks, 1 to 34 tons...........
44.4
24.00
H
1
1
San Francisco, Calif.:
Building material..............
66.7
36.00 975e
n
Department stores and
0
parcel delivery. . . . . ___
27.00 (1 )
45.0
2
Grocery................................
2
27.00 5 60c
45.0
GeneralUnder 2,500 pounds____
44.4
24 00 5 65e
li
2.500 pounds and under
4.50 0
50.0
27.00 5 85c
li
4.500 pounds and under
6.50 0
55.6
30.00 s 85c
1*
61.1
6.500 pounds and over...
33.00 5 1O0C
li
Taxi cabs.............................
44.4
24.00 5 6 0 c
1
Seattle, W ash.:
Baggage and furniture___
General—
1 ton to 24 tons...............
30.00
62.5
Over 2\ to 4 tons.............
65.6
31.50

C en ts.

D o lls .

8-8-48

56.3

27.00

8 - 8 - 4 8

8 -48

59.4
62.5
50.0
56.3

28.
30.00
31.50
27.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
9-9-63
8-8-48

- 8 -48
- 8—
48

43.3
48.1

20.77
23.08

8-8-48
8-8-48

- 8—
48
- 8 -48

42.5
37.5

25.50 10 -10 -60
22.50 10 -10 -60

8 -4 8
9 - 9 -63
- 8 -4 8

(8
)

- 9 -54

(8
)

(8
)

- 9 -54

55.6

30.00

9-9-54

-60
-60

35.0
35.0

21.00
21.00

10 -19 -60
10 -10 -60

9 -- 9 -54

36.8

21.00

9J- 9|-57

9 -- 9 -54

42.1

24.00

9 i- 9|-57

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54

47.4
52.6
35.0

27.00
30.00

■8 -48
■8 -48

42.5
42.5

25.50 10 -10 -60
25.50 10 - 1 0 -60

30.0
40.0

22.00 1310 - 5 -55

42.0
44.0

21.00 16 9 _ 5 -50
6
22.00 1 9 - 5 -50

10 -10
10 -10

21.00

9|-57

94- 9J-57
10 -10 -60

24.00 10 -10 -60

TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS.4
4
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Building material—
1 horse.......................
2 horses.....................
Coal—
1 horse........................
2 horses.....................
3 horses.....................

42.6
44.4

23.00
24.00

52.3
55.7
58.0

23.00
24.50
25.50

ii 1
ii 1
14
li
14

12 2
12 2

9-9-54
9-9-54

“ 2

1 8 - 4 -44
5
is 8 - 4 -44
1 8 - 4 -44
5

1 2
4
1 2
4

6

6
6

4&.Q

18.00 1310 - 5 -55

23.00 1 9 - 5 -50
6

5 Rate in cents per hour.
6 Time and one-half after 1 hour.
? Full day’ s pay for 4 hours’ work or less; time and one-half after 4 hours.
8 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
9 Rate in cents per hour for. first ’hour; SI per hour thereafter.
si.50 per extra trip ofnot more than 3 hours; for more than 3 hours 1 day’s pay.
u Time and one-halfafter 1 hour.
12 For Sundays; holidays off with pay; double time if work is performed.
13 60 hours and same pay per week, October to March, inclusive.
14 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 1 p. m.
!5 8 hours on Saturday, 48 hours and same pay per week, October to March, inclusive.
!6 9 hours on Saturday, 54 hours and same pay per week, October to March, inclusive.
44 Owing to the great number of classifications of these occupations and to conserve space, the data for
classifications embracing a comparatively small membership of the union have been omitted irom the lists
of the larger cities.




140

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS— Continued.
T E A M S TE R S A N D D R IV E R S—Continued.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
Sun­
For
days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
full
half hour.
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC—COntd.
Boston, Mass.—Concld.
Commission houses and
C ents. D o lls .
markets—
44.4
24.00
1 horse...............................
48.1
26.00
2 horses.............................
General—
33.3
22.00
1 horse, l i g h t . ..............
34.8
23.00
1 horse..............................
37.9
2 horses.............................
25.00
39.4
3 horses.............................
26.00
46.3
Laundry..............................
25.00
Lumber—
45.0
22. 50
1 horse...............................
49.0
2 horses.............................
24.50
42.9
Milk.......................................
30.00
Newspaper—
43.8
21.00
1 horse, relay depot........
50.0
24.00
1 horse, route...................
41.7
25.00
Pianos and furniture,.___
Helpers—
General.............................
34.8
23.00
40.0
Pianos and furniture___
24.00
Buffalo, N . Y .:
38.9
1 horse..................................
21.00
2 horses.................................
42.6
23.00
Ice.........................................
43.3
26.00
Market—
37.9
1 horse..............................
25.00
2 horses.............................
42.4
28.00
Helpers, ice.........................
40.0
24.00
Fall River:
1 horse..................................
31.4
16.00
2 horses................................
33.3
17.00
Newark, N. J . :
Beef and provisions—
1 horse..............................
45.0
27.00
2 horses.............................
29.00
48.3
Express—
Local—
1 horse...........................
23.00
38.3
2 horses.........................
41.7
25.00
General—
1 horse.............................. 2 28.3
6
17.00
2 horses............................ , 2 35.0
21.00
8
Manufacturing shops, 2
horses..............................
45.0 2 27.00
7

R e g u l 'ar ra te
m u lt ip lied
by

C ents.

6 75c
s 75c

12 2
12 2

9 6J-54
9£- 6J-54

50c

12 2
12 2
12 2
12 2

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
9-9-54

it

17 50c
17 50c
17 50c

li
18 1
18 1

1

2
19 2
19 2

9-5-50
9-5-50
1 20 10 -10 -70

D o lls .

12
12

33.9
37.3

20.00 10J- 6|-59
22.00 10J- 6£-59

28.8
30.3
33.3
34.8
38.9

12
12

19.00 11 -11 -66
20.00 11 -11 -66
22.00 11 -11 -6623.00 11 -11 -66
21.00 9 - 9 - 5 4

38.0
42.0
35.7

21.00

19.00 9 - 5 -50
9-5-50
25.00 2
il0 -10 -70

6 60c
6 60c
65c

2
2

2

8-8-48
8-8-48
10 -10 -60

31.3
37.5
27.3

15.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
18.00 8 - 8 -48“
18.00 11 -11 -6 6

17 50c

12 2

11 -11 -66

5 65c

2

10 -10 -60

30.3
25.8

20.00 11 -11 -66
17.00 11 - 1 1 - 6 a

1
1

1
1
1

22 2 2 10 -10 -60
3

9-9-54
9-9-54

33.3
37.0
40.0

18.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
20.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
24.00 2310 -10 -60

li
li
1

24 1£ 11 -11 -66
2< l i 11 -11 -66
2 2 2 10 -10 -60
2
3

30.3
34.8
36.7

20.00 11 -11 -66
23.00 11 -11 -6 6
22.00 2310 -10 -60-

26.5
29.4

2
13.50 4 9 - 6 -51
15.00 42 9 - 6 -51

li
li

li
li

9-6-51
9-6-51

li
li

li
li

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

34.2
37.5

20.50 10 -10 -6022.50 10 -10 -60

li
li

li
li

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

31.7
33.3

19.00 10 -10 -60
20.00 10 -10 -60

6 45c
6 45c

li
li

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

28.3
31.7

17.00 10 -10 -60
19.00 10 -10 -60

12
12

20.00 10 -10 -60.
33.3
li 10 -10 -60
li
» Rate in cents per hour.
12 For Sundays; holidays off with pay; double time if work is performed.
1 Rate in cents per hour until 8 p. m .; 65 cents per hour thereafter.
7
1 Time and one-half after 2 hours.
8
1 For Sundays; holidays off with pay.
8
20 2 days off each month with pay, November to May, inclusive, and 2 weeks’ vacation each year
With pay.
a 2 days off each month with pay, October to May, inclusive, and 2 weeks’ vacation each year
With pay.
2 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
2
** Average hours.
24 For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 5 hours’ work.
25 Scale became 35 cents on July 1,1919.
26 Scale became 40 cents on July 1,1919.
2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
7
« 9 hours on Saturday, 54 hours and same pay per week, October to April, inclusive.




141

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b l e A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS— Continued.
T E A M STE R S A N D D R IV E R S—Continued.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC— CO ntd.

Newark, N. J.—Concld.
Milk................................
Newark to New Y ork2 horses.......................
3 horses.......................
New York N. Y .:
Building material—
2 horses.......................
3 horses.......................
4 horses.......................
Butter and eggs—
1 horse.........................
2 horses.......................
Cloth sponging.............
Coal—
2 horses.......................
3 horses.......................
Delivery—
1 horse.........................
2 horses........................
Excavating, 2 horses...
Express—
1 horse.........................
2 horses.......................
Fish, 2 horses.................
Funerals.........................
General—
1 horse.........................
2 horses........................
3 horses........................
Market—
East side.....................
Poultry, 1 horse........
M ilk Retail delivery..........
1-horse delivery..
2 -horse deliver;
3 and 4 horse delivery. .
Wholesale delivery.
Produce—
1 horse........................
2 horses......................

C ents.

D o lls .

For
Sun­
For
days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

33.00

45.0
48.3

27.00
29.00

48.2
51.9
55.6

26.00
28.00
30.00

5
5

so 36. 7
3 41. 7
2
33 48.5

22.00

31
31

55.6
59.3

30.00
32.00

42.6
46.3
37.5

23.00
25.00
22.50

42.6
46.3
41. 7
27.3

'23.00
25.00
25. 00
21.00

44.4
48.2
51.9

24.00
26.00
28.00

4 50.0
6
58.3
28

5i
52

25. 00
24.00

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
urday
week,
Full week. half
Per
full
hour.
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l ar ra te
mult\ ip lied
by
1
1 29 10 -10 -66

50.0

28

May 15, 1918.

100c

19

100c
100c

19

2
36 1
36 1

19

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

36.7
40.0

22.00 10 -10 -£0
24.00 10 -10 -60

2
2
2

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

38.9
42.6
46.3

23.00
25.00

2
2

H

40c
40c

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

9 _ 4j_49£

(3 4 )

2
2

37
37

9 _ 9 _54
9 _ 9 _54

22.00 3810 -10 -60

20.00

24.00 3810 -10 -60

2

10 -10 -£0

60c
60c
40c
(4 )
1

ii
2

9-9-54
9-9-54
10 -10 -60
11 -11 -77

24.3
27.3
41.7
19.6

16.00 3910 -10
18.00 3910 -10
25.00 10 -10
16.50 12 -12

35.2
38.9
42.6

21.00

40.0

24.00 10 -10 -60
(48)
(4 8 )

5
5
31

n

1

30.00 &50c
28.00 5 100c

47 1

10 -10 -60

5
5
5

33 .00
25.00
28.00
32.00
35.00

M

n
11

ll
i|
3i
3i

40c
40c

8-8-48

2

1
1
1
1
1
2
2

(4 8 )

-63
-63
_63
—
63
-63

2 32.9
8
24.3
28.6
31.4
35.7

11 - 1 1 -66
11 - 1 1 -66

33.3
37.9

9
9
so 9
60 9
50 9

50
60

- 9
- 9
_ 9
—9
- 9

18.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
18.00 10 -10 -60

19.00
23.00

-66
-66

-60
-84

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

23.00 5010 -10 -70
17.00 5010 -10 -70
20.00 & -10 -70
010
22.00 & -10 -70
010

25.00 5010 -10 -70
22.00 11 - 1 1 -66
25.00 11 - 1 1 -66

5 Rate in cents per hour.
1 Time and one-half after one hour.
1
1 For Sundays; holidays off with pay.
9
2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
7
2 And 1 per cent commission on collections.
8
2 Work 6 hours on Sundays.
9
30 Scale became 51.9 cents on June 9, 1919.
si Ratein cents per hour for first hour; 60 cents per hour thereafter.
32 Scale became 59.3 cents on June 9,1919.
33 Scale became 66.7 cents on Sept. 20,1919.
3 Do not work on Sundays; holidays off with pay; double time if work is performed.
4
36 Not organized on May 15,1918.
3« Double time after 1 hour.
3 50 hours and same pay per week, June to August, inclusive.
7
38 55 hours and same pay per week, June to August, inclusive.
3 Full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work: every other Sunday and holiday off with pay.
9
4° Scale became 55.6 cents on June 9,1919.
4i Overtime work prohibited.
4 For-Sundays; holidays off with pay; double time if work is performed.
5
« Scale became 74.1 cents on Aug. 12,1919.
4 Work on Sundays prohibited; Jewish holidays off with pay.
7
4 No scale in effect on May 15,1919.
8
601 day off each month with pay, and 1 week’s vacation each year with pay.
o Scale became 46.7 cents on June 9,1919.
i
w Scale became 53.3 cents on June 9,1919.




(3 5 )

36.7
40.0

4 2
5

100c

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

25.00

22.00 10 -10 -60
25.00 10 -10 -60
(3 5 ),

33.3
37.0
30.0

45 2

45 2

22.00

3
3

(8 5 )

9 . - 9 -54
9-9-54
9-9-54

9-9-54
9-9-54

100c

45 2
'4 5 2

33.3
37.9

36.7
41.7
12

21.00

11 1

5
5

100c
100c
100c

52.4
39.7
44.4
50.8
55 .6

D o lls .

34.9 27 23.00 2910 -10 -66

1*
1*

n

5

Cents.
28

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

142

BULLETIN OF THE BUEEAU OF LABOE STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AMD DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS A2SD DRIVERS—Continued.
May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC—contd.
New York, N . Y .—Concld.
Helpers—
Cloth sponging................
Express, 1 horse.............
MilTc...................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Coal, 2 tons..........................
General—
1 horse.............................
2-horse trucks.. . .............
2 -horse teams...................
Lumber, 2 horses..............
Oysters.................................
Produce, 2 horses ..............
Portland, Me.:
General—
1 horse...............................
2 horses.............................
Providence,R. I.:
Coal—
1 horse...............................
2 horses.............................
3 horses.............................
Rochester, N. Y .:
Building material..............
Dump wagons.....................
General—
1 horse or three-quarter
wagons..........................
2 horses.............................
Ice................................ .
Milk......................................
Piano....................................
Helpers—
General............................
Ice.....................................
Scranton, Pa.:
Baggage or hus...................
i ;w o 'ov
r> M
...................

Bakery...............................

26-3
38.9
39.7
5 40.3
6

13.00
21.00

25.00

For
Sun­
For
days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half i hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u li it rate
p
m uUi I lie d
bp

2

560c
li

C ents.

9 -4 i-4 9 |
9 - 9 -54
11
1 so 9 - 9 -63

12

10 - % -59i

4

(M
)

< 3 .7
24.3

28.6
33.3
32.8
36.8
29.2

14.00 1 1 - 8 - 6 3
18.00 1 1 - 8 - 6 3
19.00 10|- 0 -57
20.00 1 1 - 6 -61
57
21.00 1 qi_ $ —
21.00 12 -12 -72

32.7
34.5

18.00 <»10 - 5 -55
19.00 6810 - 5 -55

10 -10 .-60
10 _10 -60
10 -10 -60

28.3
30.0
31.7

17.00 10 -10 -60
18 .00 10 -10 -60
19.00 10 -10 -60

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

25.0
23.3

15.00 10 -10 -60
14.00 10 -10 -60

-73
-70
-54

30.6
34.3
30.1
35.7
38.9

22.00 6»12 -13 -73

25.00 7010 -10 -70
21.00 9 - 9 - 5 4

6 li
4
2
9-9-54
66 40c w 12 -13 -73
(7l)

30.6
27.4

16.50 9 - 9 -54
20.00 6812 -13 -73

25.0
33.3

15.00 10 -10 -60
20.00 7410 -10 -60

2
36.0 6 18.00
38.0 «2 19.00
33.3
35.0
36.7
31.7

11-8-63
11-8-63
101- 6 -57
11 - 6 -61
lOf- 6 -57
12 -12 -72

12
12

li
li

2
2

9-5-50
9-5-50

12
12

20.00
21.00
22.00

li
ii
li

2
2
2

30 J)

19.00
18.00

6 li
4
6 li
4

2
2

33.3
38.9

21.00

1

li
1

2
9 -0
6 li
*
9_9
2
6 li
4
66 50c 6712 -13
24.00 (•)
1 7010 -10
25.00
2
4
9 -9
25.00 6 l i

18.00

18.00
22.00

30.0
18.00
33.3 7 20.00
7

17.00 soiO -10 -70
18.00 10 - 9i-59i

2
2
2
2
2
2
6 1
1

33.3
30.1

<S6)
11.00 »10 -1 0 -66

<“ )

22.2

5 35c
5 35c
li

® 35.7
46.3

D o lls .

30.3

7
24.00 5 35c

28.6
18.00
38.1
24.00
5 33.3
8
19.00
39.3
24.00
*9 36.8
21.0 0
29.2 60 21.00

3 2 .9

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

1

1

-54

_54

1
10 -10 -60
73 2 7 10 -10 -60
4

12

16.50
18.50

9-9-54
0-9-54

5 Rate in cents per hour.
29 Work 6 hours on Sundays.
b l
o

day off each month with pay, and 1 week's vacation each year with pay.
53 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
54 Do not work on Sundays; holidays off with pay; double-time if work is performed.
5 Not organized on May 15,1918.
5
5 Scale became 42 cents on Aug. 30, 1919.
6
57 Rate in cents per hour until 9 p. m .; time and one-half thereafter.
58 Scale became 43.9 cents on June 1,1919.
5 Scale became 52.6 cents on June 1,1919.
®
60 33 per cent received an increase of $2 and 67 per cent an increase of $4 per week on June 1,1919.
6 For Sundays; holidays off with pay if work is performed day before and day after.
1
62 Nominalrate. A 1 received more; amount not reported.
1
63 58 hours and same pay per week, December to March, inclusive.
6 Double time after midnight.
4
6 35 cents per hour, November to April, inclusive.
5
«6 Rate in cents per hour for Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
6 48 hours and same pay per week, November to April, inclusive.
7
68 48 hours and $18 per week, November to April, inclusive.
69 Scale became 42.9 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
70 Average hours.
71 25 cents per hour, November to April, inclusive.
73 Work on Sundays prohibited.
74 Allowed 6 days off each year with pay.
7 And 10 per cent commission on all sales over f ISO per week.
7




UNIOH SCALE OF WAGES AND HQTTBS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919, 1 4 3
T a b le A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

CHAtTFFEUBS, TEAMSTERS, AND DBIVEBS — Continued.
T E A M STE R S A H D D R IV E R S—Continued.
May 15,1919.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
with
For Hours:
Sun- Full days; SatPer
Saturdays; raday Per
For
week,
Full week. half hour.
over­ and
full
time. feolitime.
holi­
days.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per
hour.

full
time.

Regular rate
mnMiplied

NORTH ATLANTIC— COIlCld.

Scranton, Pa.— Concluded.
Coal......................................
Oeneral, 2 horses...............
Store delivery.....................
Springfield, Mass.:
Coal—
1 horse.............................
2 horses
Grain and masons sup­
plies—
1 horse.............................
2 horses...........................
Helpers—
Coal..................................
Gram and masons’ sup­
plies..............................

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

C ents.

D o lls .

2
2
1

Cerats.

D o lls .

43*5
46.3
37.0

23.50
25.00

44.0
46.0

22.00
23.00

« 9 - B -50
7 9 - 5 -50
5

34.5
36.4

19.00 7*10 - 5 - 5 5
7610 - 5 -55

34.5
36.4

*19.00

1 0 - 5 -55
1 0 - 5 -55

34.5
36.4

19.00 1 0 - 5 -55
20.00 1 0 - 5 -55

20.00

45 2

26.7 62 16.00 10 -10 -60
19.00 9-4£-49£
38.4
17.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
31.5

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

^20.00
22.00

4 2
5

7 9 - 5 -50
5

34.5 M 19.00

2

10-5-55

44.0

34.5

19.00 7610 - 5 -55

34.5

19.00 10 - 5 -55

8*- 8£-51

0 39.2

-60
-60
-70
-70

3^.3

20.00 8% %-51
-

12

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Washington, D. C.:
B akery2O 0
Retail salesmen............. 78 39.2 W .O
I
Wholesale salesmen____ 8 33.3 53 20.00
0
1
3
Assistant route agents. .
41.7 * 25.00
a
8 45 .©
1
31.5® 62 50c
Ice cream........................
Helpers, ice-cream........ 8 35.0
5
24.50 82 40c

10 -10
1-0 - 10
10 -10
8« 1-0 -10

53 20.00 10 -10
36.7 5 22 * 0 10 -10
3 0
35 .0 53 24.50 8410 -10
21.008410 -10
30.0

-60
-60
-70
-70

"NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Baggage, hotel and trans­
fer.....................................
Baggage and parcel, 2
horses..............................
Baggage, extra..................
Bakery, delivery..............
Bakery salesman..............
Building material—
Pressed brick, from cars.
Lime and cement, 2
horses..........................
Roofing, 2 horses..........

20.31 8611 -11 -77

32.3

23.08 *2 35c

! 11 -11 -77

28.4

43.3
35.0
35.0

26.00 3 45c,
1
26.95
1

10
11
»10
>10

32.5
19.50 10 -10
31.0
23.87 11 -11
25.0 87 15.00 8810 -10
38.3
23.00 asiO -10

8 38.:
9
(91)

40.1

8 21.00
7

(90)

23.00

-10
-11
-10
-10

-60
-77
-60
-60

82 35c

10 -10 -60

24.00
1
J
27.00 82 506

11 -11 -66
11 -1 1 -66

(92)

31.1
31.!

-60
-77
-60
-60

10 -10 -60

21.00
21.00

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

si Rate in cents for first hour; €0 cents per hour thereafter.
45 For Sundays; holidays off with pay; double time if work is performed.
53 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
62 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
75 9 hours per day, 10 on Saturday, 55 hours and same pay per week, November to April, inclusive.
76 60 hours and same pay per week, November to April, inclusive.
78 And 15 per cent commission on all sales over $133.33 per week.
79 $4 per day and 10 per cent commission on all sales over $40.
8 And 10 per cent commission on all sales over $200 per week.
0
si Scale became 55 cents, time and one-half for overtime, and double time lor holidays, on Aug. 1,1919.
8 Rate in cents per hour.
2
83 25 days off each year, with pay.
8415 days off each year, with pay.
8 Scale became 45 cents, time and one-half lor overtime, and double time for holidays, on Aug. 1,1919.
5
86 Every other Sunday off with pay; $4 extra if work is performed.
8 And $3 per day for work on Sundays or holidays.
7
88 One week off each year, with pay.
8 And 7 per cent commission on all sales over $225 per week.
9
9 Work prohibited.
0
® 60 cents per 1,000 bricks for 2 miles; 10 cents additional per l fO 0 over 2 miles.
i
O
92 50 cents per 1,000 bricks for 2 miles; 10 cents additional per 1,009 ever 2 miles.




144
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS — Continued.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL— contd.

Chicago, 111.—Continued.
Bus........................................
Coach....................................
Coal—
1 horse...............................
2 horses.............................
3 horses.............................
Commission houses—
1 horse...............................
2 horses.............................
Department store and fur­
niture—
1 horse, Union A ............
2 horses—
Union A ........................
Union B ........................
Excavating—
Carts and 2 horses..........
3 horses.............................
Sand wagons.......................
General—
...........
1 horse.................. ¥
2 horses—
Union A ........................
Union B ........................
Machinery moving_
_
Light wagon................
3 horses.............................
Grease, 2-horse pick-up. . .
Grease, yard or general. . .
Hay and grain, 2 horses..
Ice-peddlers........................
Ice-trucks .........................
Iron and stone....................
Lumber, box and shav­
ings—
1 horse...............................
2 horses.............................

For
Sun­
For
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l a r ra te
m ulti Iplied
by

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

40.8
29.0

1 (93) 94 10 -10 -60
24.50
1 86 11 -11 -77
20.77 82 35c

40.9
45.5
50.0

27.00 82 50c
30.00 82 60C
33.00 82 65c

14
14

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

43.3
46.7

26.00 82 60c
28.00 82 60c,

22 1£
22 1£

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

31.8

96 1\

10 -10 -60

29.2

17.50 10 -10 -60

» li

10 -10 -60
9|- 94-57

33.3
39.7

20.00 10 -10 -60
25.00 104-104-63

39.2

23.50

1

43.3
47.4

26.00
27.00

1
96 X

98 44.4

1

9 8 4 4 .4

i 50.0

24.00
27.00
24.00

2 38.3

23.00

< 43.3
38.3
40.9
6 41.7
7 46.7
s 46.7
8 43.3
40.9
50.0
46.7
46.7

26.00 (3)
23.00 82 27.6
27.00 82 60c
25.00 (3)
28.00 (3)
28.00
14
26.00
14
27.00
30.00
28.00
28.00 82 70c

13 30.3

is 34.8

20.00
23.00

1
1
( 3)

14 1

14 1

14

(97)

14
14
14

1 * is 11 -11 -66
14 15 i i _ i i -66

21.00 9410 -10 -SO
17.77 8611 -11 -77

27.3

18.00 11 -11 -66
21.00 11 -11 -66
24.00 11 -11 -66

34.8

21.00 11 -11 -66
23.00 11 -11 -66

36.1 " 19.50
47.2
25.50
20.50
38.0

10 -10 -60

14 10 -10 -60
14 5 10 -10 -60
14 11 -11 -66
14 10 -10 -60
14 10 -10 -60
9514 10 -10 -60
9514 10 -10 -60
14 11 -11 -66
9 75c 1010 -10 -60
9 75c i°10 -10 -60
2
10 -10 -60

35.0
24.9
31.8
36.4

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

14

2

28.1
2

9-9-54

9-9_54

9-9-54

18.00 10§-10§-64

21.00 10§-10§-64
32.8
38.3
23.00 510 -10 -60
30.3
20.00 11 -11 -66
31.3
20.00 10§-10§-64
35.9
23.00 10§-10§-64
38.3
23.00 10 -10 -60
35.0
21.00 10 -10 -60
31.8
21.00 11 -11 -66
44.2 1 26.50 ioio -10 -60
1
41.7 12 25.00 ioi0 -10 -60
31.1
20.50 11 -11 -66
27.3
30.3

18.00 11 -11 -66
20.00 11 -11 -66

1 Scale became 55.6 cents on July 1,1919.
2 Scale became 43.3 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
* f of 1 cent per minute for 1 hour; 1 cent per minute thereafter.
4 Scale became 48.3 cents on Aug. 14,1919.
6 5 hours on Saturdays; 55 hours and same pay per week, July to August, inclusive,
fi Scale became 46.7 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
7 Scale became 51.7 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
s Scale became 51.7 cents on June 15,1919.
9 Rate in cents per hour for Sundays; for holidays, double time.
10 Average hours.
1 $18.50 per week, November to April, inclusive.
1
12 $23 per week, Nov. 1,1918, to May 1,1919.
is Scale became 38.3 cents per hour and 10 hours per day on June 1,1919.
i< 40 cents per hour after 8 p. m.
*6 Scaie became 43.3 cents per hour and 10 hours per day on June 1,1919.
22 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
82 Rate in cents per hour.
“ Every other Sunday off with pay; $4 extra if work is performed.
93 $3 for 6 hours work or less; $5 for more than 6 hours up to 12 hours,
w 4£ hours on Saturday; 54^ hours and same pay per week, during July and August.
8 For Sundays; holidays off with pay.
5
60 cents per hour after 7 p. m.
w Work prohibited; emergency jobs, double time.
® Scale became 50 cents on July 1,1919.
8
" $20.50 for driving 2 horses and shoveling.




145

UNION SCALE Or WAGES ANI) HOURS OF LABOR, MAT 15; 1919.
T a b le A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS— Continued.
TE A M S TE R S AN D S K IV E R S —Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH

Per
week,
full
time.

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
full
half hour.
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

C E N T R A L — COntd.

R e g u l a r ra te
Chicago, 111.— Concld.
M ilk m u ltip lie d
C e n ts. D o lls .
b y—
Retail route—
First 6 months............ 16 63.0
34.00
17 8 - 8 -54
li
1
After 6 months............ 16 64.!
35.00
17 8 - 8 -54
li
1
2-horse truck, night
work..............................
66.7
1 17 8 - 8 -54
36.00
li
Wholesale........................
67 J
1 17 8 - 8 -54
36.50
li
Newspapers—
6 hours per day...............
16.56
46.0
1
6-6-36
li
8 hours per day...............
46.0
22.08
1 8-8-48
li
Packing—
42.5
1 horse...............................
(is;
li
li
(1 '
8
2 horses.............................
45.0
li
li
52.6
Piano.................. : ................
9
9h - 9i-57
30.00 1 80c
33.6
Street railway service.......
11 -11 -66
22.20
li
Helpers—
21.92 19 35c
30.7
21 11 -11 -77
42.1
Furniture.......................
9*- 9i-57
24.00 22
Furniture, extra...........
25.65 221
45.0
9£- 9J-57
3
Grease, 2 horses............. 2 43 .3
26.00
‘75c 10 10 -10 -60
li 10 -10 -60
45.0
®
27.00
Ice....................................
0
9-9 -5 4
53.7
Piano...............................
29.00 19 80c (2 )
Street railway service..,
li
1 1 - 11 - 66
22.20
li
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Bakery—
2 56
7
Route.............................. 16 44.0
25.00
li
2 56
7
2 horses............................
41.1
23.00
25.7
Carriage..............................
21 10 -10 -70
18.00
1
*
Commission houses—
26.7
1 horse.............................
16.00
»10 -10 -60
li
30.0
18.00
»10 -10 -60
2 horses...........................
li
1 4° l i 10 -10 -60
Furniture........................... 8138.3
23.00
General—
3
1 horse, light wagon. . .
2 10 -10 -60
30.0
18.00 3 1
3
31.7
1 horse, heavy wagon..
19.00 3 1
2 10 -10 -60
3
35.0
21.00 3 1
2 horses............................
10 -10 -60
35.8
3 and 4 horses................
21.50 331
10 -10 -60
Ice—
9
4
40.0
24.00 1 50c 3 2 3 10 -10 -60
5
Route..........................
36.7,
Supply............................
22.00 19 50c 34 2 10 -10 -60

a

1

C ents.

Dolls.

16 35.0
1 36.7
6

21.001 S - 9 - 6 0
7
22.001 S - 9 - 6 0
7

42.6
43.5

23.0017 {1- 8 -54
23.501 i 1 - 8 - 5 4
7

38.3
38.3

13.80
18.40

6-6-36
8-8-48

37.5
40.0
38.6
25.5

(is;
(1 '
8
22.00

(!8)
(1)
8

9-g- 9^-57
16.80 11 -11 -66

16.62 21II - 1 1 -77
23.2
34.9
22.00 101-10i-63
38.1
24.00 102-10^-63
21.00 10 -10 -60
35.0
5
40.0 S 24.00 1010 -10 -60
38.!
21.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
25.5
16.80 11 -11 -66
26.7
26.7
25.7

16.00 10 -10 -60
16.00 10 -10 -60
18.00 2110 -10 -70

15 .00 10 -10 -60
25.0
28.3
17.00 solo -10 -60
33.3 3 20.00 10 -10 -60
2
25.8
27.5
30.8
31.7

15.50
16.50
18.50
19.00

10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10

35.0
31

-60
-60
-60
-60

21.00 3510 -10

-60
19.00 8& -10 -60
10

®Rate in cents per hour for Sundays; for holidays, double time.
10 Average hours.

16 And various commissions.
17 Work 6 hours on Sunday; 2 weeks off each year, with pay.
is Variable.
19 Rate in cents per hour.
20 Work prohibited; emergency jobs, double time.
21 Every other Sunday off with pay.
22 50 cents per hour after 7 p . m .
23 Scale became 48.3 cents on June 1,1919.
24 For Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
25 $17.25 per week, November to April, inclusive.
26 Work prohibited; full day's pay for holidays.
87 Hours vary, but total 56 per week.
28 For Sundays; for Saturdays after 2 p. m., June to August, inclusive, time and one-half; for Labor Day,
full day's pay for 3 hours' work; for other holidays, full day's pay for 5 hours' work.
2 For Sundays; for Saturdays after 2 p. m., June to August, inclusive, time and one-half; for other holi­
9
days, full day's pay for any part of a day's work.
so 57 hours and same pay per week, June to August, inclusive,
si Scale became 40 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
32 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
33 Time and one-half after 7 p. m ..
8 For Sundays; Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's, off with pay; other holidays, regular rate.
4
3 54 hours and same pay per week, November to March, inclusive.
5
40 For holidays; do not work on Sundays.

172259°—20— Bull. 274-




-10

146

BULLETIN €)T THE B5JKEATJ OF LABOR STATISTICS,

Tabke A .— r a K M SCALE O F WAGES A M HOUES, ETC.^Cantnitied.
CHAUFFEURS, T E A M S T E ItS , AN D 12I&VEB8—Continued.
TEAMSITEILS A1TB DRIVERS—Ckm
tiinaed.
May 15,1919.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
with
For Hours:
Sun­ Full days; Sat­
Per
Per
For:
week, ov e r -; days Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. feaM hour. week,
lu ll
and
full
holi­
time. time.. M time.
day.
sdays.

Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.
iBer

hour.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL—contd.
R e g u l a r ra te

Cincinnati, Ohio— Concld.
Ice cream—
1 horse.,..........................
Route..............................
S-pecialdeiivery___ ____
Milk, retail.....................
Helpers—
Furniture___________
General........................
lee................................
Gtessefend, Ohio:
Excavating.....................
Furniture.......................
General—
1 tharse______________
2 horses—
Light wagon...........
Trucks.................... Ice—
2 horses.................. .
lee rouKte.....................
•Ice route locemen...........
Milk—
Retail—
First 6 months.......
After 6 months___
Wholesale..................Water wagon.............
.Helpers—
Furniture...................
lee................................
OqIueo&us, Ohio:
Ice...................................
Ice route..........................
Helpers............................

Cents.

D o lls .

C ents.

27.0
3 34 .9
7
28-6
1 38.1
6

17.00

3 35.0
9
31.7
35 ,.0

21.00
19.00
21.00

38.3
48.2

23.00
26.00

4 H
1
4 li
2

30.0

18.00
21.00

441*

36

35.0

9-9-63
9-9-63
9 — 4) -63
3 9 - 9 -63
8

22.00
18.00
24.00

23.00

1
33 1
19

50C

44

li

41.7
25.00 19 45c
46-7 *7 28-00 19 4fie
53.8
32.00 i9 45c
is 42.9
is 46.0
16 47-6
1 41.7
6

27.00
29.00
■30.00

= 25 .00
«

44.4
35.0

24.00

39.3
43.8
33-8

23,60
26.00
20.00

21.00

1
1
1
19

45c

42

11

« 45e

16 23.8
1 31.7
6
25.4

«31.7

D o lls .

9 - 9 -63
2
0.-00 >9 - 9 -63
16 j0O 9 - 9 - 6 3
8 - 9 _ 9 -63
15,00

10 - 4 0 —
60
10 -10 -60
3 10 -10 -60
6

27.5

18,00 10 -10 -60
16 J 10 -10 -00
18.00 8510 -10 -60

( 43)

10 -10 -60
9-9-54

30.6
46.3

16.50
25.00

9 - % -54
9 - 9 -54

( 43)

10 -10 -60

17 *00

10 -10 -00

(*0
(«3

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

33.3
36.7

« 1 0 - 10 -60
« 10 -10 -60
4 10 -10 -60
6

36.7
41.7
48.3

20.00 10 -40 - W
22.00 10 -10 -60
• 2 46*0 -10 _60
2 .(

•25:00 *6J0 -10 -60
29.00 4 -10 -10 -60
6

4 9 - 9 -63
9
4 9 - 9 -63
9

1 34 J
6
1 36.6
6
16 29.3

1 36.7
6

1-9.S0 49 8 - 8 -56
20.50 49 8 - 3 - m
20.50 4910 -10 -70
22.00 4610 -10 -60

9-9-54
6
4 l i 4 10 -10 -60
5

42.(
31.7

23'00 • 9 - 9 - 5 4
•19.00 4 -10 -10 -60
6

5 10 -10 - 60
3
5 10 -10 -60
3
»3 10‘ -10 —
60

50.0

33.1
36.0

20.00 3310 -10 -60
1
21.60 5810 —’0 -60
18.00 5310 -10 -60

40

li
2

34 2

2

•45
45
45 1 §

1
1
1

49 9 _ 9 _ 6 3 ‘

6
l i 4 10 -10 -60
(43)

1

62 1

1
1

(5 )
4

26 And various commissions.
w Rate in cents per hour.
13 Time and one-half after 7 p. m.
8
24 For Sundays; Thanksgiving, Ghaastalas, and New Yeajrs, off with pay; other holidays, regular mte.
36 54 hours .and same pay per week, Novemibflr to March, inclusive.
"3 And commission oT 2 cents on each complete package returned.
6
3 And commission of 3 cents per gallon on each gallon of iee cream sold, anrd 1 -eent on empty cans
7
returned.
3 2 weeks off each year, with pay.
8
3 Scale became 36.7 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
9
< For holidays; do not work on Sundays.
0
4i Double time after 2 hours.
« Time and one-half after 8 p . m .
4 Sunday work prohibited; for holidays, full day’s pay for 2 hours’ work or leslf%
3
4 Double time after 8 p. m.
4
4 With a minimum o f 5 hours’ work.
5
4 54 hours and same pay per week, November to April, inclusive.
6
4 $25 per week for first 6 months.
7
4 7 days off every 3 months, with pay.
9
so $23 per week for first 6 months.
fi2 Far Sundays; lor holidays, tfetl day’ s pay .for7 hours’ work; after 7 hours, time «nd ©ne-half.
5 54 hours and same pay per week, Nov. 1 J Mar. 15, inclusive.
3
to
6 Sunday work proircbrcea; for holidays, full day’s pay i&r 7 hours’ work:; alter 7 herars, time and one-'haxf.
4




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS 03F LABOR, M AY 15, 1919. 1 4 7
T a b le

A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
CHAOFFEUB.8 , ‘TSAMSTEB.S, AND DBIVERS-^Continued.
TE A M S TE R S AJTD U B IV E R S —Coutinufid.

May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Far Hours:
with
Sun­ Full days; Sat­
Per
.Saturdays;
F or! days j Full w e e k . urday Per
week,
over-! and j
half hour.
full
time. holi­
time.
holi­
days.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
«aty.
Per
hoar.

Per
week.
full
time.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL—contd.
Davenport, lowa^ and Mo­
line and Rock Island,

D o lls .

Regular rate
multiplied
by—

44.4
24.00
IH.............................
H
I 2
Dayton, Ohio:
(57)
Ice........................................ .
40.0
24.00
Des Moines, Iowa:
General....................... .
44.4
2
•24.00
Transfer...............................
2
40.0
£4.00
Detroit, Mich.:
55.0 33.00
le e ........................................
1
Milk..................................... ■®42.9 **30.00
s
1
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Bakery—
1 horse—
B r e a d .,...................... 6 25.0
0
15.00
Cake............................
30.9
17.00
2 horses, cake.................
34.5
19.00
(a)
General—
1 horse............................
30.0
18.00
2 horses............................
33.1
20.00
Kansas City, Mo.:
General—
1 horse.............................
20.00
37.0
2 horses..........................
42.6
23.00
46.1
3 horses............................
25.00
Minneapolis, Minn.:
30.0
18.00 19 40c
B y e......................
40.0
9
24.-00 1 40c
General!..............................
21.00 i940c
35.0
Ice, peddlers.....................
45.0
27.00
Ice, wholesale....................
45 J
O 27.00
Milk—
Route—
4 37-5
8
First 6 months...........
23.65
After 6 months.......... 4 40 J
8
3
25.38
Depot..............................
39 j
0
25.38
Helpers—
Ice, peddlers..................
42 J
5
25.50
Ice, wholesale.................
42.5
25.50,
Omaha, Nebr.-:
Freight, light.....................
33.3
20.00
36.7
Freight, heavy..................
22.00
General—
1 horse............................
30.0
18.00
1 and 2 tons....................
36.7
22.60
Over 2 tons.....................
40.0
24.00
Piano...................................
40.0
24.00
Helpers—
General..........................
20.50
34.2
Moving vans..................
<*34.2
20.50
Tiano...............................
40.0
24.00

C en ts.

9-9-54

D o lls .

44.4 «2 24.00

9-9-54

10 -10 -60

40.0

24.00 10 -10 -60

9-9-54
10 -10 -60

33
33.3

20.00

5810 -10 -60
6 10 -10 -70
8

40.0
42.9

24.00*19-10 -60
30.00 ^10 -10 -70

6 10 -10 -60
8
1 0 - 5 -55
1 0 - 5 -55

o
25.0 e 15.00^1O-10 -60
L
30 A
17.00 1 0 - 5 -55
34 J
19.00 10 - 5 -55

10 -10 —
60
10 -10 -60
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
10
10
10
6 10
6
10

21.7
25.0

18.00

9 - " 9 -54
10 -10 -60

13 X ) 10 -10 -60
X
15.00 10 -10 -60

27.8 « 15.001
33.3 32 18.00
20.00
37.0

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

-10 -60
-10 -60
-10 -60
-10 -60
-10 -60

30.0
35.0
30.0
37.0

9-9-63
9-9-63
6 io -10 -65
4

4 30.2
8
« 3 3 .0
32.7

19,04 9 - 9 - 6 3
20.77 9 - 9 - 6 3
21.23 wio -10 -45

5 10 -10 -60
8
10 -10 -60

33.9
33.9

20.31 5810 -10 -60
20.31 10 -10 -60

18.00 10 -10 -60

21.00 10 -10 -60

18.00 10 -10 -60
22.21 *10 -10 -60
20 « 1 10 -10 -60
3<

10 -10 -GO
10 -10 -60

2 .
26.7 6 IQ 00 10 -10 -6 0
30.0 » 18.00 10 -10 -60

10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10'-10

-60
-60
-60
-GO

23.3 3 14.00 10 -10 -60
2
2
30-0 3 18.00 li) -10 -60
33.3 3 20.00. 10 -10 -60
2
33. *20.00 10 -10 -60

10 -10 -GO
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

27.5 * 16.50 10 -10 -60
30.0
18.00 io -io -eo
33.3 3 20.00 30 -10 -60
2

19 Rate in cents per hour.
32 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported;
4 And various commissions.
8
After completion of 60-hour week.
67 No Sunday work; for Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year’s Day, full day’s pay for 1 delivery
when holiday falls on Saturday or Monday.
6 Average hours.
8
5 Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1919.
9
6
0And 4 per cent commission on sales over 1200 per week,
a Work prohibited.
62 More than half received more than the scale; amount n o t r e p o r t e d .
6314 days off each year, with pay.
64 Work 5 hours on Sundays.
6 Scale became 46.7 cents on July 1,1919.
5




BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
T able

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS— Continued.
TE A M STE R S A N D D R IV E R S—Continued.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city..
Per
hour.

NORTH CENTRAL—COndd.

For
Per
Sun­
For
week,
over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
full
half hour.
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Regu\ a r ra te
m u lti Iplied

C ents. D o lls .
by
Peoria, 111.:
37.0
20.00
General___ ’ ........................
n
30.6
Ice.........................................
22.00 19 50c
Helpers—
33.3
18.00
General.............................
n
26.4
19.00 1 50c
Ice-.....................................
9
St. Louis, Mo.:
Coal—
22.7
15,00
1 horse............................. .
1
28.0
18.50
2 horses.............................
1
2 horses, hauling 5,000
25.0
16.50
1
pounds or less.............
33.3
18.00
1
Department store, 1 horse.
Furniture—
36.7
22.00 691
2 horses.............................
Moving vans.................. .
36.7
22.00 » 1
General—
20.50 1 32c
1 horse............................. . ™ 32.5
9
2 horses, hauling less
22.50 1 40c
than 5,000 pounds___ 7* 35.7
9
2 horses, hauling 5,000
38.1 7 24.00 19 45c
2
pounds or more.........
3 horses............................ « 40.0
25.20 1 48c
9
40.9
1 or 2 horses, Union B ..
19.62
1
45.0 7< 27.00
1
Ice........................................
19.9 ™ 19.50
Milk.....................................
1
Tea and coffee salesmen.. 79 42.6
23.00
1
Helpers—
2 horses............................
34.2
20.50 69 1
Ice....................................
36.7
22.00
1
St. Paul, Minn.:
General—
40.0
24.00 19 35c
1 horse.............................
2 horses............................
45.0
27.00
1
27.00
45.0
1
Ice........................................
Toledo, Ohio:
Coal, 2 horses.....................
30.2
19.00
n
General—
lh
1 horse.............................
25.4
16.00
2 horses............................
28.6
18.00 881|
34.9
3 horses............................
22.00
n
3
Moving vans......................
28.6
18.00 S 1|
31.7
20.00
Windlass truck.................
25.4
Helpers, general...............
16.00 83 H

C ents.

D o lls .

9 - 9 -54
12 -12 -72

23.3 3 14.00 10 -10 -60
2
25.7 3 18.50 6U2-12 -72
2

n

9-9-54
12 -12 -72

12.00 10 -10 -60
20.0
22.9 3 16.50 6812-12 -72
2

n

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

22.7
28.0

H

11 -11 -66
9 - 9 - 5 4 ..........

16.50 11 -11 -66
25.0
2
33.3 6 18.00 9 - 9 - 5 4

n
u

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

29.2
28.3

17.50 10 -10 -60
17.00 10 -10 -60
14.50 10^-102-63

H
8« 50c
6 50c
6

1*

15.00 11 -11 -66
18.50 11 -11 -66

10J-10J-63

23.0

n

lOJ-lO^-63 ............

2
25.7 6 16.20 10i-10i-63

n

10^-10i-63
10£-10|-63
8-8-48
10 -10 -60
77 98
9-9-54

18.00 10&-10J-63
28.6
30.5 32 19.20 10^-10^-63
16.73 8 - 8 - 4 8
34.9
21.00 11 -11 -66
31.8
77 98
17.9 78 17.50
33.3 so 18.00 9 - 9 - 5 4

7 50c
6

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

26.7
30.0

2
2
8 1
1

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -CO

30.0
18.00 10 -10 -60
35.0
21.00 10 -10 -60
3
37.0 8 22.22 8210 -10 -60

2

10^-10^-63

30.2

2
2
2
2
2
2

10^-10^-63
10£-10§-63
10£-10§-63
10^-10^-63
10i-10i-fi3
10i-10i-63

25.4
16.00 10^-10^-63
3
28.6 8 18.00 10^-10|-63
34.9
22.00 10^-10^-63
28.6
18.00 10^-10^-63
31.7
20.00 10^-10J-63
3
25.4 8 16.00 10£-104-63

li
1
7 50c
6
1
U
u

16.00 10 -10 -60
18.00 10 -10 -60

19.00 10^-10^-63

1 Rate in cents per hour.
9
3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
2
w More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
56 Rate in cents per hour for Sundays; for holidays, regular rate, day ending when work is finished.
6 60 hours and $16 per week October to March, inclusive.
7
6 60 hours and $15 per week October to March, inclusive.
8
6 Time and one-half after 7 p. m.
9
70 Scale became 34.1 cents on July 21,1919.
7 Scale became 37.3 cents on July 21.1919.
1
7 50 per cent received an increase oi $2 and 50 per cent received an increase of $3 per week on July 21,
2
1919.
73 Scale became 43.2 cents on July 21,1919.
7 $25 per week November to April, inclusive.
4
75 Rate in cents per hour for Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
76 And 1 cent per point on sales over 5,600 points.
7 Hours vary, but total 98 per week.
7
78 And 1 ccnt per point on all sales over 6,000 points.
79 And 10 per cent commission on sales and collections above $170 per week,
so And 10 per cent commission on sales and collections above $150 per week.
8 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
1
8 $75 per month and same hours, November to April, inclusive
2
8 5 cents per hour additional for handling furniture.
3




UNION SCALE OF ‘WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 4 9
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
T E A M S T E R S A N D D R I V E R S —Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week,
days
over­
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

C ents.

D o lls .

SOUTH CENTRAL.

New Orleans, La.:
General........................

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l a r ra te
m u ltip lie d

by—

C ents.

D o lls .

44.0

26.40 1 75c
9

68.

75.0
81.3

68.8

33.00
36.00
39.00
33.00

37.5
40.6
50.0

18.00
19.50
24.00

53.1
46.9
50.0

25.50
22.50
24.00

44.4

24.00

9-9-51

72.9
77.1

35.00 19 HOC 110c
37.00 19 115c 8 115C
7

8-8-48
8-8-48

59.9
59.9

28.75
28.75

8-8-48
8-8-48

52.6
55.3
03.2
61.1

30.00
31.50
36.00
33.00

9*- 94-57
9|_ 9^-57
9J- 94-57
9-9-54

42.1
44.7
47.4
52.6

24.00
25.50
27.00
30.00

9 f- 94-57
9£- 9|-57
<%-57
9§- 9§-57

55.6
61.1
44.4
50.0
55.6

30.00 19 85c
33.00 w 100c
24.00 1 65c
9
27.00 1 85c
9
30.00 19 85c

14
1;
14
14

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

47.4
52.
30.
42.1
47.4

27.00
30.00
21.00
24.00
27.00

35.0
40.0

21.00 19 50c
24.00 1 60c
9

2
2

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

30.0
35.0

18.00 10 -10 -60
21.00 10 -10 -60

40.0
24.00
10 -10 -60
62.5
30.00 1 90c (89)
9
8-8-48
9
45.8 90 28.85 1 7,5c
1 9i 9 - 9 -63
3
1 91 9 - 9 -63
49.4 9 31. 35 19 75c
27.00 19 90c (89)
8-8-48
56.3

'35.0
50.4
40.3
44.0
44.4

21.00 10 -10 -60
27.23 9 - 9 - 5 4
25.38 91 9 _ 9 -63
27. 9 9 - 9 -63
1
24.00 9 - 9 - 5 4

40.0
58.
31.

24.00 10 -10 -60
28.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.00 11 -11 -66

2

10 -10 -60

36.0

21.60 10 -10 -60

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

56.3
62.5

68.8
56.3

27.00
30.00
33.00
27.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

30.0
32.5
40.0

18.00 10 -10 -60
19.50 10 -10 -60
24.00 10 -10 -60

8-8-48
8-8-48

42.5
36.1
40.0

25.50 10 -10 -60
17.31 8 - 8 - 4 8
24.00 10 -10 -60

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont.:
1 and 2 horses......................
3 and 4 horses......................
6 horses.................................
Helpers.................................
Portland, Oreg.:
1 horse, 1 ton or under___
2 horses, 1 ton or under.
2 horses, over 24 tons____
3 horses, truck or furni­
ture van..........................
Helpers, transfer...............
Lumpers.............................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
2 horses...............................
San Francisco, Calif.:
B akeryBeginning at 6 a. m____
Beginning at 5 a. m____
Building material—
2 horses............................
2-horse brick wagons___
4 horses.............................
Fruit, large wagons...........
General—
2-horse truck...................
4-horse truck...................
Under 2 tons...................
2 to 4 tons........................
4 tons and over............. .
Grocery—
1 horse............................. .
2 horses.............................
Department stores, de­
livery............................... .
Ice.........................................
Milk.....................................
Milk, relief...........................
Helpers, ice........................ .
Seattle, Wash.:
Baggage or furniture........
Bakery (salesmen).............
General, 1 horse............

62.5
72.
56.3

30.00
35.00
27.00

1
1
1
1
81
4
84 1
84 1
84 1

1

84 1

19 75c
19 75c
19 75c

1 85c
9

84 1

2

84 1

14
14
14
V

n
(«)-

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

(8 )
6

(80)

9£- 94-57
94-57
9*- 9|-57
9 ± - 94-57
94- 9|-57

9h-

19 Rate in cents per hour.
8 Time and one-half after 1 hour.
4
85 Full day’s pay for 4 hours’ work or less; time and one-half after 4 hours.
86 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
8 Rate in cents per hour; 7 holidays off each year with pay.
7
88 $1.50 per trip not exceeding 3 hours; for more than 3 hours 1 day’s pay.
89 For Sundays, full day’s pay for 5 hours’ work or less; over 5 hours paid for 14 days. Holidays off
with pav; for 5 hours or less paid for 1 day; more than 5 hours paid for 14 days.
90 Scafe became $150 per month on June 16; 8| hours per day, 6l£ per week, on July 1; 84 per day, 594
per week, on Aug. 1; 8$ per day, 57f per week, on Sept. 1; and 8 hours per aay, 56 per week, on Oct. 1,
1919.
9 4 days off each month with pay.
1
w Scale became $160 per month on June 16; 8f hours per day, 61i per week, on July 1; 84 per day, 594
per week, on Aug. 1; 8J per day, 57f per week, on Sept. 1; and 8 hours per day, 56 per week, 011 Oct. 1,
1919.
w Do not work on Sundays; holidays off with pay.




150

BULLETIN -OF THE BUREAU ,QF LABOR STATISTICS.

Tabt.b A___UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Concluded,
T E A M S T E R S A U D -M O V E R S —Concluded.
May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
For Sun­
over­ days
time. and
holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
week,
Full week. urday Per
lialf hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

WESTERN—
-COndld.
R e g n t a r ra te
mult<ipHed
Seattle, Wash.— Corucld.
by
Express and combination, C ents. D o l l s .
27.00 84 i
2norses.............................
56.3
8-8-48
H
28.50 84 i
Grade teamsters.................
59.4
8-8-48
1J
31.50 84 1
65.6
8-8-48
Machinery............................
n
1
4
35.00
* 8 - 8 -56
Milk....................................... 9 62.5
H
56.3
27.00 84 1
8-8-48
Helpers.................................
u

C ents.

D fM s .

35.0
30.4
42.5
56.3
35.0

21.-00 10 — -SO
ID
24.00 11 -11 -66
25.30 10 -10 -60
31.50 si 8 — 8 -56
21.00 10 -10 -60

FREIGHT HANDLERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Coal handlers.......................
Coastwise..............................
General cargo.......................
Longshoremen....................
Railroad A ...........................
Railroads B and C..............
Railroad D ..........................
Steamship Jiorse and cat­
tle fitters...........................
Sugar, mdlasses, oranges..
Buffalo, N . Y . :
Elevator men......................
Elevator men’ s helpers
and car gang....................
Package freight handlers,
Union A .................... .......
Package freight handlers,
Union B ............................
New York, N- Y .:
Beef handlers......................
General cargo—
Coastwise vessels_______
Foreign-bound vessels..
Lumber, stone, sand, and
coal handlers...................
Munition handlers.,..........
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Grain handlers...................
Longshoremen....................
Munition handlers.............
Oil handlers........................
Portland, Me.:
General cargo......................
Grain handlers...................

43.0
65.0
65.0
44,0
43.5
43.5
43.5

5
18.92 9 60e
2
28.60 1 100c 1 100c
9
9
28.60 1 100c 19100c
9
21.12
2
li
(97)
20.88 96 1
20.88
H
li
96 1
(97)
20.88

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-44
-44
-44
-48
-48
-48
-48

12
12
12

80.6
48.0
50.0
30.5
29.0
43.5
(86)

16.50 9 - 9 - 5 4
25.92 9 - 9 - 5 4
27.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
18.00 1 0 - 9 -59
17.40 10 -10 -60
20.88 8 - 8 - 4 8
(« 6)
C6)
8

80.0
75.0

35.20
2
2
33.00 1 1 0 0 C 1 100c
9
9

8 -4-44
8 - 4 -44

12
12

45.0
60.0

27.00 10 -10 -60
32.40 9 - 9 - 5 4

67.1

32.21

li

2

8 - 8 -48

43.7,

26.19 »810 -10 -60

55.7

26.72

n

2

8 - 8 -48

34.5

20.70 9910 -10 -60

50.0

30.00

1

1

10 -10 -60

50.0

30.00 10 -10 -60

42.0 *2 25.20

1

1

10 -10 -60

42.0

25.20 10 -10 -60

-

4
4
4
8
8
8
8

85.0

37.40 1 120c 19 120c
9

8 - 4 -44

12

70.0

37.80

9-9-54

65.0
65.0

28.60 19 100c 1 1 0 0 C
9
28.60 5 100c 19 100c
9

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12
12

48.0
50.0

25.92
27.00

9-9-54
9-9-54

50.0
130.0

27.00 99 1
_2
57.20 1 200c W200C
9

4 9 - 9 -54
8 - 4 -44

3
12

35.0
100.0

75.0
65.0
92.5
80.0

33.00
28.60
55.50
35.20

8
8
10
8

-44
-44
-60
-44

12
12
12

60.0
50.0
70.0
65.0

65.0
80.0

28.60 1 1 0 0 C 1 100c
9
9
35.20 19 1 0 0 C 1 100c
9

8 - 4 -44
8 4 _44

12
12

50.fi
(86)

9
1 110c 1 110c
9
191 00 c »100c
1130c 1130c
9
1 120c 1 120C
9

- 4
- 4
-10
- 4

-

i Eatein cents per hour; minimum, 5 hours’ pay.
* 5 hours on Saturday, 50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
5 5 hours on Saturday, 55 per week, June to August, inclusive,
e 5 hours on Saturday, 50 per week, during November and December.
1 Ratein cents per hour.
9
3 Nominal rate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
2
Time and one-half after 1 hour.
8* Noscalein effect on May 15,1918.
914 days off each month -with pay.
9 Scale became 68.8 cents on June 1, 1919.
4
9 Ratein cents per hour for first 2 hours; time and one-half thereafter.
5
Time and one-half after 2 hours.
97 Full day's pay lor 5 hours or fraction thereof, and time and one-half after
9 48 hours per week, January to March, inclusive.
8
9 Double time after 1 hour. /
9




21.00 ^10 -10 -60
54.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
36.00
SO 00
.
42.00
39.00

10
10
10
10

2 7 .0 0

6 9 - 9 -54
(*)

(S6)

5trours.

-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAT 15, 1910.

151

Table A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
FREIGHT HANDLERS— Concluded.
May 15,1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week- over­ days
and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

C ents.

D o lls .

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Norfolk, Va.:
Coastwise ships...........
Coastwise docks..........
Overseas ships.

50.0
45.0
65-0
65.0

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u l a r ra te
m u lt ip lie d
by-

875c 8 100c
21.60 96 1
2
31.20 8 100C 100c
31.20 8 100C 8 100c

22.00

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

12

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

30.0
25.0
50.0
40.0

18.90
15.75
30.00
24.00

41.3
32.5
32.5
55.0

19.80 8 - 8 - 4 8
19.50 10 -10 -60
19.50 10 -10 -60
33.00 10 -10 -60

10^-10^-63
10^-10^-63
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Laborers, grain elevator,
inside men......................
Stowers............................... .
Truckers.............................
Cleveland, Ohio...................
Grand Rapids, Mich............
Wilwaukee, wis.:
Coopers, repairmen..........
Freight handlers...............
Toledo, Ohio.........................

50.0
43.5
43.5
60.0
43.0

24.00
H
26.10
1
1
26.10
*36.00 w 75c
20.64
1*

50.0 *2 34.50
50.0
30.00
60.0
28.80

2
2
2
1 75c
9
li
1
1
2

8-8-48
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
8-8-48

(2
)

(2
)

(2
)

a 10 -10 -69
10 -10 -60
8-8-48

50.0
50.0
50.0

3 34.50 310 -10 -69
30.00 10 -10 -60
30.00 10 -10 -60

8 - 8 -48

34.5

20.70 10 - 10-60

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Houston, Tex.........................
New Orleans, La.:
CarmenInside (truckers)............
Outside........................... .
Coal trimmers................... .
Freight handlers—
Inside.............................. .

Outside......................... .

Longshoremen and steve­
dores ................................
Screwmen, foremen.........
Screwmen..........................
Stave classers.....................
Trimmers, grain...............

40.3

19.34

39.5
42.0
70.0

18.96 8 57c 8 57c
20.16 8 63c 8 63C
33.60 8 100c 8100c

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

28.3
28.3
50.0

16.98 10 -10 -60
16.98 10 -10 -60
30.00 10 -10 -60

39.5
43.0

18.96 859.3c 59.3c
20.64 863c »63c

8-8-48
8-8-48

25.0
25.0

15.00 10 -10 -60
15.00 10 -10 -60

9 65.0
97.0
84.
50.0
9 75.0

31.20 8 100c 8 100c
2
48.00
1
2
42.00
1
2
27.00
li
36.00 (10)
(»>

8-8-48

9-9-54
8-8-48

50.0
84.8
72.7
35.0
60.0

29.00 1 0 - 8 - 5 8
42.00 84- 8|-49£
36.00 8|- 8^-494
18-90 9 - 9 - 5 4
34.
1 0 - 8 -58

u

8j81- 8I-49J

W ESTERN.

Los Angeles, Calif.:
Longshoremen—
Loaders and unloaders,
Truckers, docks and
sheds..............................
General cargo, foreign
bound and coastwise
vessels..........................
Portland, Oreg.:
Longshoremen—
Grain handlers...............
Lumber and general
cargo handlers.............
San Francisco, Calif.:
Longshoremen—
General freight...............
Coal handlers and men
working on tramp
steamers...................... .
General cargo, coastwise
vessels............................

70.0

33.60 8 105c 8 105c

8-8-48

50.0

24.00

8-8-48

65.0

31.20 8 100c 8 100c

8-8-48

50.0

24.00

8-8-48

80.0

38.40 8 120c 8 120c

8-8-48

65.0

31.20

8-8-48

75.0

36.00 8112.5c 81125.

8-8-48

60.0

28.

8-8-48

80.0

38.40 8 120c 8 120c

8-8-48

80.0

38.40

80.0

38.40 n 120c 11 120c

8-8-48

65.0

35.10

9-9-54

90.0

43.20 11 135c 11 135c

8-8-48

75.0

40.50

9-9-54

80.0

38.40 11 120c 11120c

8-8-48

70.0

37.80

9-9-54

2 Not organized on May 15,1918.
3 Sundays, 9 hours.
7 For Sundays; for holyiays, regular rate,
s Rate in cents per hour.
9 85 cents when working on explosive goods.
1 Union A $1, Union B $1,125 per hour.
0




11 Rate in cents per hour; also rate for handling
damaged cargoes and salvage work.
32 Nominal rate. All received more; amount
not reported.
9 Time and one-half after 2 hours.
6

152
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS*
A , —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

GRANITE AND STONE TRADES.
GR ANITE CUTTERS.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For days
week,
over­ and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

C ents.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

D o lls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R eg u , a r rate
m ulti iplied

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Outside.........................
Inside............................
Machine........................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Outside.........................
Inside............................
Machine........................
Buffalo, N . Y .:
Outside and inside. . .
Machine........................
Fall River, Mass.:
Outside and machine.Inside............................
Manchester, N . H ...........
Newark, N . J...................
New Haven, Conn.........
New York, N . Y .............
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Outside and machine.
Inside............................
Pittsburgh, P a................
Portland, Me.:
Outside.........................
Inside............................
Providence, R . I.:
Outside and inside___
Machine........................
Rochester, N. Y .............
Springfield, Mass............
Outside and inside —
Machine........................
Worcester, Mass.:
Outside and machine.
Inside.............................

C ents.

D o lls .

75.0
75.0
75.0

33.00
33.00
33.00

it

li
li

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

63.0
60.0
63.8

27.72
26.40
28.05

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

75.0
75.0
80.0

33.00
33.00
35.20

li
li
li

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

65.0
62.5
67.0

28.60
27.50
29.48

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12 75.0 1 33.00
3

i<84.4

37.13

li
li

2
2

8-4-44
8 - 4 *44

12
12

63.1
75.0

27.78
33.00

8-4-44
8-4-44

78.1
75-0
72.5
is 79-0
1 72.5
6
1&79.0

34.36
33.00
31.90
34.76
31.90
34.76

li
li
li
li
li
2

2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-14
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12

65.6
62.5
50.0
62.5
60.0
68.8

28.86
27.50
22.00
27.50
26.40
30.25

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

80.0
80.0
1 81.3
7

35.20
35.20
35.75

li
li
2

2
•
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

70.0
65.0
62.5

30.80
28.60
27.50

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

73.1
70.0

32.18
30.80

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

63.1
60-0

27.78
26.40

8-4-44
8-4-44

70.0
70.0
75-0
76.3
1 70.0
6
is 76.3

30.80
30.80
33.00
33.55
30.80
33.55

li
li
li
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12

60.0
65.0
64.0
66.3
60.0
66.3

26.40
28.60
28.16
29.15
26.40
29.15

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

1 73.0
2
1 70.0
6

32.12
30.80

l*li
l9 l i

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

63.0
60.0

27.72
26.40

8-4-44
8-4-44

1 70.0
6
75.0
. 1 69.0
6

30.80
33.00
30.36

li
2
li

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

60.0
62.5
50.0

26.40
27.50
22.00

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

1 70.0
6
1 70.0
6

30.80
30.80

li
li

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

50.0
53.1

22.00
23.38

8-4-44
8-4-44

93.8
87.5

41.25
38.50

li
li

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

68.8
62.5

30.25
27.50

8-4-44
8-4-44

100.0
1 76.3
8

44.00
33.55

li
li

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

75.0
66.3

33.00
29.15

8-4-44
8-4-44

2
8-4-44
12
75.0
33.00
li
2
8-4-44
12
62.5
27. 50
li
8-4-44
12
69.5
2
30. 58
li
“ Scale became 78.1 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
m Scale became 87.5 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
is Scale became 85.9 cents on Aug. 7,1919.
i« Scale became 75 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
17 Scale became 84.4 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
m Scale became 81.3 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
w Double time from darkness to daybreak.

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.....................
Baltimore, Md................
Charleston, S. C..............
Richmond, V a.:
Inside............................
Machine........................
Washington, D. C.:
Outside and machine.
Inside............................
NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Outside......................
Inside and machine.,
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Outside......................
Inside.........................
Machine.....................




.

90.0
75.0
82.0

39.60
33.00
36. 08

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 5 3
T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

GRANITE AND STONE TRADES—Continued.
GRANITE CUTTERS—Concluded.
May 15,1919.
Kate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.
C ents. D o lls .
Cleveland, Ohio:
Outside.................................
95.0
41.80
35.75
81.3
Inside....................................
84.4
37.12
Surfacing machine.............
Des Moines, Iowa................... 2i 71.5
31.46
Detroit, Mich.:
Outside.................................
33.00
75.0
Inside....................................
33.00
75.0
Machine...............................
80.0
35.20
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Outside.................................
37.40
85.0
Monumental work.............
30-80
70.0
St. Louis, M o.:
87.5
Outside................................
38.50
Inside...................................
75.0
33.00
Machine...............................
75.0
33-00
St. Paul, Minn.:
85.0
37.40
Outside.................................
70.0
Monumental work.............
30.80
75.0
Toledo, Ohio..........................
33.00

For
For Sun­
days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.
R egu ] a r ra te
m u lti Iplied
by
2 1|
0
2

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
week,
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

C en ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

20 1*
20 H

14

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

75.0
62.5
68.8
60.0

33.00
27.50
30.25
26.40

8
8
8
8

14
14
U

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

73.8
62.5
67.5

32.45
27.50
29.70

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

14
14

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

62.5
60-0

27.50
26.40

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

14

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

70.0
60-0
66.3

30.80
26.40
29.15

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

14

n

14

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44-

12
12
12

62.5
60.0
67.5

27.50
26.40
29. 70

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

38.50
35. 75
37.95

2
2
2

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

75.0
62.5
68.8

33.00
27. 50
30.25

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

38.50
35. 75
38-50

14
14

14

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

75.0
62.5
68.8

33.00
27. 50
30.25

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

33.00

14

2

8-4-44

12

60.0

26.40

8 - 4 -44

33.00
35.20

14
14

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8-4-44

12
12

50-0
53.3

22.00
23. 47

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

44.00
41.25

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

87.5
87.5

38.50
38.50

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

37.40
38.50

14
14

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

68.8
71.3

30-25
31. 35

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

38.50
38.50
38.50

14
14
14

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

76.3
2 73.1
6
70.0

33. 55
32.16
30-80

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

38.50
35. 75

14
14

14
14

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

81.3
75.0

35. 75
33.00

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

41.25 .
38.50

2
2

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 --4 -44

12
12

76.3
70.0

33.50
30-80

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

41.25
38.50

14
14

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

81.3
75.0

35. 75 8 - 4 -44
33-00i 8 - 4 -44

n
H

-

4
4
4
4

-44
-44
-44
-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex.:
87.5
Outside.................................
81.3
Inside.......................: ..........
86.3
Machine...............................
Houston, Tex.:
87.5
Outside.................................
81.3
Inside...................................
87.5
Machine...............................
Louisville, K y .:
Inside and machine...........
75.0
New Orleans, La.:
2
Inside................................... 2 75.0
Machine............................... 23 80.0
WESTERN.

Butte, Mont.:

2 100.0
4
6
Inside.................................... 9 93.8
Denver, Colo.:
85.0
Inside....................................
Machine...............................
87.5
Los Angeles, Calif:
87.5
Outside.................................
Trimming and fitting___
87.5
87.5
Inside...... ............................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
87.5
Outside and machine........
81.3
Inside...................................
San Francisco, Calif.:
93.8
Outside.................................
87.5
Inside....................................
Seattle, W ash.:
93.8
Outside and machine........
87.5
Inside....................................

Double time after 8 p. m.
21 Scale became 75 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
2 Scale became 80 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
2
2* Scale became 85 cents on Aug. 1,1919.




2 Scale became $1,031 on Oct. 1,1919.
4
2 Scale became 96.9 cents on Oct. 1, 1919.
5
2 76.3 cents, November to February, inclusive.
6

154
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU 03? LABOR STATISTICS.

A,— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
GBANITE AND STONE TRADES—Continued.
ST01TECU-TTEB.S.
May 15,1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hoair.

Per
week,
full
time.

C en ts .

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.:
Outside.......................... .
In sid e .-................................i
Bridgeport, Conn...................
Buffalo, N . Y ..........................
Newark, N . J..........................
New Haven, Conn.................
New York, N . Y ....................i
Blue Stone...........................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Outside.................................
Inside....................................
Pittsburgh, P a.......................
Rochester, N . Y .....................
Scranton, P a.:
Outside and inside.............
Machine................................
Springfield, Mass...................

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. ; holi­
days.
R eguL i r x a t e
m ulti p l itd
by
2
2

«7 75.0
27 70.0
75.0
75.0
28 84.4
60.0
28 84.4
86.0

33.00
30-80
33. 0Q
33. O
ti
37.13
26.4Q
37.13
37.84

92.5
82.5
29 75.0
3 70.0
0

40.70
36. 3ft
33.00
30.80

60.0
56.3
65.0

26. 40
27.56
28.60

75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
87.5

33.00 (31)
33.00 (3 2 )
33. 75
li
33.00
li
38.50
li

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C en ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays}
Full week.

D o lls .

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

U

li

2
2
2
li

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

70.0
65.0
66.0
70.0

30.80
28.60
29.04
30.80

8
8
8
8

li
li
li

li
2
2

8-4-44
9-4-49
8-4-44

12
12

56.3
50.0
56.3

24.75
27.00
24.75

8 -4-44
9 - 9 -54
8 -4-44

2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-5-45
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12

62.5
56.3
50.0
62.5
65.0

27.50
24.75
22.50
27.50
28.60

8
8
8
8
8

-4-44
- 4 - 4
-5-45
-4-44
-4-44

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

70.0
70.0
77.5
70.0

30.80
30.80
34.10
30.80

8
8
8
8

-4-44
-4-44
- 4 - 4
-4-44

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
34 8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
‘ 8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
9
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

80.0
60.0
75.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
(2)
67.5
62.5
70.0
62.5
(2)
70.0
62.5
75.0

35.20
26.40
33.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
(2)
29.70
27. 50
30.80
27.50

8
8
8
8
8
8

-4-44
-4-44
-4-44
-4-44
-4-44
-4-44
(2)
-4-44
-4-44
-4-44
-4-44
(2)
-4-44
-4-44
-4-44

2
H

2

2
2
2
2
2

1i

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

75.0
70.0
"62.5
62.5
68.8
60-0
68.8
68.8

33.00
30.80
27.50
27.50
30.25
26.40
30.25
30.25

8 -4-44
8 -4-44
8 -4-44
8 -4-44
8 -4-44
8 -4-44
8 -4-44
8 -4-44
-4-44
-4-44
-4-44
-4-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, Ga.............................
Baltimore, Md........................
Jacksonville, Fla...................
Richmond, Va........................
Washington, D . C .................

(3 2 )

2
2
2

NORTH CENTRAL.
81.3
Qucago, 111..............................
Cincinnati, Ohio..................... 23 77- 5
Cleveland, Ohio..................... 2 80.0
7
Columbus, Ohio.....................
85.0
Detroit, Mich. :
Outside.................................
100.0
Planing machine................
80.0
Grand Rapids, Mich.............
75.0
Indianapolis, Ind...................
75.0
Kansas City, Mo....................
75.0
Minneapolis, Minn.................
75.0
67.5
Machine...............................
Omaha, Nebr..........................
75.0
Peoria, 111................................
62.5
85.0
St. Louis, Mo..........................
75.0
St. Paul, Minn.......................
67.5
Machine...............................'
85.0
Toledo, Ohio...........................
Wichita, Kams........................
75.0
Youngstown, Ohio................
85.0




35. 75
34.10
35.20
37.40
44.00
35.20
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
29. 70
33.00
27.50
37.40
33.00
29. 70
37.40
33.00
37.40

(3 2 )

ii
li

(8 2 )

li
li

(3 2 )
•33 1 1

li
li
li

(3 2 )

(3 2 )

2
2
(3 2 )

2
2
(3 2 )

2
2
2
2
(3 2 )

2
2
2
li
2
li
2
li
2
li
2
li
2
li
2 Not organized on May 15,1918.
23 Scale became 85 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
2 Scale became 90 cents on June 30,1919.
7
*8 Scale became 87.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
29 Scale became 85 cents on Aug. 15,1919.
8 Scale becaifLe 80 cents on June 23,1919.
0
3 .Do not work overtime.
1
3 Work prohibited.
2
« Double time after 2 hours.
*448 hours per week, January to March, inclusive.

8
8
8
8

(2 )

30.80
27.50
33.00

8
8
8

UNION SCAM: OF WAGES ASTD HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 155
T a b l e A____ UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—
-Continued.

GRANITE AND S T O S S TRADES —Concluded.
STOTTE CTTTTERS—Concluded.
May 15, 1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week, over­ j days
and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

C en ts.

B o l ls .

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.........
Dallas, Tex.....................
Houston, T ex................
Little Bock, Ark..........
Louisville, K y ...............
Memphis, Tenn.............
Nashville, Tenn............

Denver, Colo................
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Calif..

62.5
87.5
87.5
3 65.0
5
75.0
36 75.0
70.0

27.50
88.50
38.50
28.60
33.00
33.00
30.80

87.5
75.0
100.0

JRegulo r r a te
m u ltip lie d
by—
2
14

38-50
33.00
44.00

H
H

14
14
1*
14

14
14

2

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
week,
urday Per
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C en ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44 i
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12

62.5
75.0
75.0
60-0
60.0
75.0
70.0

27.50
33.00
33-00
26.40
26.40
33-00
30.80

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
- 8 - 4 -44
8-4-44

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

75.0
62.5
70.0

33.00
27.50
30.80

8-4-14
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44

XAUNDRY WORKERS.
•

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Button girls, manglers,
shakers, or towel fold­
ers—
Agreement A , .................
Agreement B ...................
Dry-room hands, dampers,
route garls, coat iold-ers and stock room
hands—
Agreement A . .................
Agreement B ..................
Extractor—
Agreement A ...................
Agreement B ...................
Starchers.............................
Washers—
Agreement A ...................
Agreement B ...................

-54

3

9 J - 4 | -5 2

12

1 4 .8
1 5 .4

8 .0 0
8 .0 0

2
2

37 2
37 2

38 9 -

1 4 .8
1 5 .4

8 .0 0
8 .0 0

2
2

37 2
37 2

38 9 _

2 4 .1
2 5 .0

1 3 .0 0
1 3 .0 0

2 2 .2

1 2 .0 0

2
2
2

37 2
37 2
37 2

38 9 -

9 -5 4

3 8 .9
4 0 .4

2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

2
2

37 2
37 2

38 9 - 9 - 5 4
9 4 - 4 4 -5 2

9

1 3 .0
1 3 .0

7 .0 0 38 9
7 .0 0 389

1 4 -8
1 4 .8

8 .0 0 38 9
8 .0 0 38 9

-

9 -5 4
9 -5 4

-

9 -5 4
9 -5 4
9 —5 4

9 _ 54

3

9 -i- 4 J - 5 2

12

38 9 - 9 - 5 4
9 ^ - 4 ^ -5 2

12

1 8 .5
1 8 .5

3

2 2 .2

1 0 .0 0 3 8 9
1 0 .0 0 38 9
1 2 .0 0 38 9

3

12

3 1 .5
3 1 .5

1 7 . 0 0 38 9
1 7 .0 0 38 9

12

1 9 .0

9 .5 0

9

-

3

NORTH CENTRAL.

Cincinnati, Ohio:
Body ironers.......................
Collar ironers, machine
markers, shirt-machine
operators, and rough
and dry or flat work___
Collar shapers and shirt
folders..............................
Head marker, head sorter
on bundle work, shirt
finishers, shirt, waist,
and fancy ironers, and
wringer men...................

1 9 .0

9 .5 0

H

2 0 .0

1 0 .0 0

14

1 7 .0

8 .5 0

U

\

9 -5 4
9 -5 4

_
_
_
"

9 —5 4
9 -5 4

(3 2 )

9 - 5

(3 2 )

9 - 5 - 5 0

12

2 0 .0

1 0 .0 0

9

_

5

—
50

(3 2 )

9 - 5 - 5 0

12

1 7 .0

8 .5 0

9

-

5

-50

-5 0

5 -5 9

(32 )
1 2 .0 0
2 4 .0
12
9-5-50
24.0
12.00 9 5 S O
1§
3 Work prohibited.
2
3 Scale became 75 cents on July 1 , 1919.
5
se Scale became 87.5 cents an June 28,1919.
37 For holidays; do not work on Sundays.
3 9f hours per day, 4| on Saturday, 53J and same pay per week, June to August, inclusive.
8




156

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
LAUNDRY WORKERS—Continued.
'

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL— c o n c ld .
R e g u l i ra te
%r
m u lti Iplied
Cincinnati, Ohio—Concld.
by
Head starchers and assist­ Cents. •Dolls.
18.0
9.00
ant markers.....................
H (82)
14.0
7.00
Mangle hands and shapers
l i (32)
(32)
22.0
11.00
Seamstresses........................
li
30.0
15.00
Shirt washers......................
l i (32)
Sleeve, band, and cuff
ironers ana machine
16.0
8.00
starchers...........................
l i (m
(32$
27.0
13.50
Washers, flat work............
li
Toledo, Ohio:
Folders, ironers, band
sewer, cuff and collar
marker machine, seam­
stresses, starchers, ma­
2
19.6
9.78
chin e................................
li
2
21.8
10.93
Folders and feeders...........
li
Hand workers, sorters—
rough, dry, and flat
2
work..................................
23.0
11.50
li
Shirt-waist ironers, iron­
ers, sleeve finishers,
body ironers, fancy
hand and machine iron­
ers, mangle hands, and
20.7
10.35
2
shakers..............................
li
Machine operators—shirts
2
(women)...........................
23.0
11.50
li
Machine workers—shirts
(men)................................
50.6
2
25.30
li
Markers, other than ma­
chine, sorters on bundle
2
27.6
work, head.......................
13.80
li
2
Tumblers.............................
32.0
16.00
li
2
36. a
Workers, flat work............
18.40
li
2
32.2
Wringer men......................
16.10
li

C ents.

D o lls .

9-5-50
9-5-50
9 - 5 -50
9-5-50

12
12
12
12

18.0
14.0
22.0
30.0

9.00
7.00
11.00
15.00

9-5-50
9-5-50
9-5-50
9 - 5 -50

9-5-50
9-5-50

12
12

16.0
27-0

8.00
13.50

9-5-50
9-5-50

9-5-50
9-5-50

12
12

(39)

(39)

8.50

9-9-54

9-5-50

12

(39)

(39)

15.7

(39)

(89)

•
9-5-50

12

16.7

9.00

9-5-50

12

18.5

10.00

9-9-54

9-5-50

12

40.7

22.00

9-9-54

9-5-50
9-5-50
9-5-50
9-5-50

12
12
12
12

10.00

18.5

9-9-54

32.0
25.9

16.00
14.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

(40)

(40)

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Little Rock, Ark.:
Head sorters and markers.
Linen washers.....................
Mangle hands, ironers, as­
sistant
sorters
and
markers, pressers, or
starchers...........................
Shirt washers..
Shirt-machine operators. .

39.8
28.7

21.50
15.50

li
li

" l i
41 l i

9-9-54
9-9-54

33.3
23.2

18.00
12.50

9-9-54
9-9-54

20.4
34.3
21.1

11.00
18. 50
11.00

li
li
li

“ if
41 l i

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

13.9
27.8
14.8

7.50
15.00
8-00

9-9-54
9 _ 9 _54
9-9-54

li
li

li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

35.4
37.5

17.00
18.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

li
li

li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

6 2 .5
5 4 .2

30.00
26.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

li

8-8-48

5 2 .1

2 5 .0 0

8-8-48

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont.:
Head collar-machine op­
erators, head starchers,
35.4
or shirt finishers.............
17.00
37.5
Head mangle girls.............
18-00
Head markers and distrib­
6 2 .5
30.00
utors or head washers. .
5 4 .2
26.00
Head markers’ assistants.
Head markers on rough
5 2 .1
2 5 .0 0
dry.....................................
3 Work prohibited.
2
3 Classification of May 15,1918, revised.
9




li

4 Not reported.
0
« For Sundays; for holidays, double time.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 15,1919.

157

Table A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
LAUNDRY WORKERS— Continued.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

w estern—

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

For
For Sun­
days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

continued.

Butte, Mont.—Concld.
Collar-machine operators'
assistants, flannel steam­
ers, flat-work counters,
hand ironers, seam­
stresses, shirt folders, or
starchers...........................
Flat washers........................
Mangle girls, feeders and
fshftkfifS.
- Markers and distributors.
Shirt-machine operators. .
Wringers.......................... San FranciscOj Calif.:
Head collar ironers............
Head markers and dis­
tributors or head wash­
ers.......................................
Head starchers...................
Cuff-press operators, shirt
hands on neckbands,
shirt-waist machine op­
erators, sleeve-machine
hands, wristband-ma­
chine operators, yokemachine operators, and
folders on all work..........
Collar rubbers, seam­
stresses, shirt dippers,
shirt rubbers, and iron­
ers, first 6 months..........
Dampeners,
dry-house
hands, operators on
tumblers, starchers on
women's work, or tiers
on plain work in mangle
room..................................
Flannel body ironers,
shirt
body
ironers,
starch body ironers, or
steam press machine op­
erators...............................
Ironers, after 6 months,
and Jumbo ironers.........
Mangle girls.........................
Markers and distributors,
sorters, washers, weigh­
ers, or wringer men........
Polishers or shirt-press
operators (women).........
Shaker s on ma ng l e s
(women)...........................
Shirt finishers (men).........
Wash-house helpers...........

_

R e g u l %r ra te
m v lti p lied
by

D o lls .

15.00
25.50

li
li

li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

31.3
53.1

15.00
25.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

27.1
43.8
40.6
50-0

13.00
21.00
19.50
24.00

li
li
li
li

li
H
li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

27.1
43.8
40.6
43.8

13.00
21.00
19.50
21.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

4 29. 2
2

14.00

li

li

8-8-48

25.0

12.00

8-8-48

« 53.7
4 39.6
4

25. 75
19.00

li
li

li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

49.5
35.4

23. 75
17.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

25.0

12.00

li

li

8-8-48

20.8

10.00

8-8-48

4 26.0
6

12.50

li

li

8-8-48

21.9

10.50

8-8-48

4 27.1
7

13.00

li

li

8-8-48

22.9

11.00

8-8-48

4 28.1
8

13.50

li

li

8-8-48

24.0

11.50

8-8-48

« 30.2
«) 24.0

14.50
11.50

li
li

li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

26.0
19.8

12. 50
9.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

5 44.3
1

21.25

li

li

8-8-48

40.1

19.25

8-8-48

5 34. 4
2

16.50

li

li

8-8-48

30-2!

14.50

8-8-48

w 22.9
64 37.5
5&38.0

11.00
18.00
18.25

li
li
li

li
li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

18.8
33.3
33.9

9.00
16.*00
16.25

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

42 Scale became 37.5 cents on July 11,1919.
4 Scale became 62 cents on July 11,1919.
3
44 Scale became 47.9 cents on July 11,1919.
45 Scale became 33.3 cents on July 11,1919.
4« Scale became 34.4 cents on July 11,1919.
4 Scale became 35.4 cents on July 11,1919.
7
4 Scale became 36.5 cents on July 11,1919.
®




C ents.

31.3
53.1

« Scale became 38.5 cents on July
5 Scale became 32.3 cents on July
0
si Scale became 52.6 cents on July
52 Scale became 42.7 cents on July
53 Scale became 31.3 cents on July
m Scale became 45.8 cents on July
5 Scale became 46.4 cents on July
5

11,1919.
11,1919.
11,1919.
11,1919.
11,1919.
11,1919.
11,1919.

158

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
LAUNDRY WORKERS— Concluded.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
weekfull
time.

C ents.




Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

D o lls .

western —concluded.

Seatttle, Wash.:
Head collar girl.................
Head mangle feeders or
folders (women)............
Head mangle feeders or
folders, wet work, or
garment press operators
(women).........................
Head markers and sorters
(men)..............................
Head markers and sorters
(women).........................
Body ironers and head
starchers (women).........
Head washermen (men). .
Cuff press and neckband
operators, sleevers, or
starchers (women).........
Dry house girls or mangle
stackers............................
Fancy ironers or mangle
ti ers and che c ke rs
(women)..........................
Mangle second feeders
and folders (women)___
Mangle second feeders and
f o l d e r s , wet work
(women)..........................
Mangle shakers and polers
on shirt folders (women)
Mangle stackers, wet
work (women)...............
Washers and sorters (men)
W ash ers and sorters
(women)..........................
Plain ironers, sock darn­
ers or assistant mangle
tiers, sorters and check­
ers (women)....................
Polishers and bosom press
operators (women).........
Seamstresses........................
Shirt finishers (women)...
Sorters, wet work (men)..
Washermen, fiat work___
Washermen, wet work___
Wringer men and puller
men.................................
Wringer men, sacker and
puller, wet work...........

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Far
over­
time.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
C en ts.

D o lls .

33.3

16.00

(56)

8-8-48

26.0

12.50

8-8-48

32.3

15.50

(56)

8-8-48

22.9

11.00

8-8-48

32.3

15.50

(56)

8-8-48

25.0

12.00

8-8-48

56.

27.00

8-8-48

37.0

20.00

9-9-54

56.3

27.00

(56)

8-8-48

33.3

16.00

8-8-48

34.4
62.5

16.50
30-00

(56)

8-8-48
8-8-48

28.1
41.7

13.50
22.50

8-8-48
9-9-54

31.3

15.00

(56)

8-8-48

21.9

10.50

8-8-48

31.

15.25

(56)

8-8-48

25.0

12.00

8-8-48

33.3

16.00

(56)

8-8-48

25.0

12.00

8-8-48

31.8

15-25

(56)

8-8-48

20.8

10.00

8-8-48

31.

15.25

(56)

8-8-48

24.0

11.50

8-8-48

31.3

15.00

(56)

8-8-48

20.8

10.00

8-8-48

31.8
37.5

15.25
18.00

(56)

8-8-48
8-8-48

22.9
33.3

11.00

8-8-48
9 - 9 -54

37.5

18-00

(56)

8-8-48

27.1

13.00

31.3

15.00

(56)

8-8-48

22.9

11.00

8-8-48

34.4
31.
31.3
52.1
57.
62.5

16.50 (56)
15-00 (56)
15.00 (56)
2
25.00
2
27.50
30.00 57 2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 —8 —
48
8-8-48
8-8-48

27.1
27.1
25.0
37.0
33.3
46.3

13.00
13.00

20.00
18.00
25.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

53.1

25.50

8-8-48

33.3

18.00

9-9-54

53.1

25.50

8-8-48

37.0

20.00

9-9-54

2

2

56 Overtime work for women prohibited by State law.
6 Triple time after 8 hours; quadruple time after 12 hours.
7

18-00

12.00

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUKS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

159

Ta m e A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

METAL TBADES.
B L A C K SM IT H S.

May 15,1919.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
For
Full days; with
Per !
Sun­ Saturdays; Sat­
Per
For
urday Per
week,
week. over­ » days
Full week. half hour.
fa n ; time. •and s
full
hoEtime.
time.
holi­
day.
days.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
‘ ty .
d
Per
hour.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u lir r a te
m u M rpLied

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
C ents. D o lls .
32.64
Railroad shops A ...............
68.0
1fcaiiJ*oad shops B ...............
32.64
68.0
Buffalo, N . Y .:
M^imfacturing and j o b ­
b i n g shops........................
31.90
72.5
Railroad shops...................
32.64
68.0
New Harvnen,{kmi!i.:
Railroad shops...................
*68.-0
32.64
N«w York, N . Y . .................
39.00
81.3
PhilatMphia, Pa.:
Mairafacturing and job­
bing shops........... ............
80.0
35.20
Railroad shops...................
32. 64
68.0
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops........
70.0 18 33. 60
Railroad shops...................
32. 64
68.0
Portland, M e . :
Railroad shops....... ...........
32.64
68.0
Railroad shops, heavy fire.
70.5
33.84
Springfield, Mass.:
Railroad shops...................
32.64
•68.-0

by

C ents.
58

8 - 7 -47
8 - 8 -48 1

14
14

n

14

2

14
2;
14
14

2
14

8-4-44
8 - 8 -48 ,

8-4-44
8-8-48

12

14
14

8-8-48
8-8-48

14

14

36.72
32.64

14
14

14
14

38.40
32.64

2
n

2
2 6 8 —8 -48 ‘
8-8-48
14

32.64

14

14

8-8-48

38.08

14

14

8-8-48
* HIS

8-

8-8-56

28.60

8-4-44
w
8-8-48
8-8-48

72.5
68. D

31.9d
32.64;

8-4-44
8 - 8 -48

57.5 » 27.60
68.0
32.64j

12

65. *
0

32.64
32.64;

0
*68.0 6 32.64
34.8Q
72.5'

1
2 6 8 - 8 -48
14
8 - 8 -48 ;
14 • i i
14
14

D o lls .

68.0
•68. t)

8
n 5 8 - 7 -47
2£
8 - 8 -48 :

H

14

8 —8 —
48
8-8-48

(59)

(59)

32.64’

8-8-48
(»)

8 - 8 -48 *

68.D 13 32.64

8 - 8 -48

9-9-54
8 - 8 -48

55.0
68.0

29.7D
32.64

9-9-54
8-8-48

72.5
68.0

34.80
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

68.0

32.64

8-8-48

68.0

38.08

8-8-56

68.0
( »)

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops...................... .
68.0
shops
68.0
Charleston, S. C.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops...................... .
80.-0
Railroad shops...................
68.0
Jacksonville, F la.:
Railroad shops...................
68.0
Railroad shops, round­
house............................... . 6 68.0
3
Norfolk, V a., district:
Norfolk, Va.—
Manufacturing shops. .
80.0
Manufacturing shops,
heavy fire................... .
96.0
Portsmouth, Va.—
Railroad shops—
Heavy fire and weld­
ers ..............................
70.5
General fire and sec­
ond ir e ....................
68.0
Richmond, V a.:
Manufacturing shops—
Rate A ............................
68.0
Rate B ............................ <*•62.5
Rate C ............................
115.®
Railroad shops.................
68. -0

Hi r D
al o d

........ .

3

38.40

2

2

8 8 - 8 -48
2

3

72.5

34.80

8-8-48

46.08

2

2

6 8 - 8 -48
2

3

80.0

38.40

8-8-48

33.84

14

14

8 - 8 -48

70.5

33.84

8-8-48

32.64

14

14

8 - 8 -48

68.0

32.64

8-8-48

24.96
31.25
57. 50
32.64 1

8-8-48
9-5-50
9 - 5 -50
8-8-48

8-8-48
52.0
14
14
2
9-5-50
12 « 62.5
14
2
9-5-50
12 115.0
14
8-8-48
68.0
14
14
1 More than half received more than the scale* amount no t reported.
3
5 Work 47 hours, paid for 48.
8
5 No scale in effect on May 15,1918
9
60 Nomina Irate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
6 Hours vary but total 48pesr week.
1
6 44 hours per week, June to August, Inclusive.
2
6 50 per cent received 5 cents per hour more than the scale.
3
6* 70 per cent received 2.5 cents per hour more than the scale.




32. 64
31.25
57.50
32.64

160

BULLETIN- OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TBADES— Continued.
B L A C K SM IT H S—Continued.
May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH CENTRAL.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R eguhir r a te
m u lti p lied

C ents. D o lls .
by
Chicago, 111.:
90.0
39.60
2
Manufacturing shops........
Manufacturing s h o p s ,
hammermen....................
105.0
46.20
2
Outside................................
100.0
44.00
2
Railroad shops—
68.8
First fire...........................
33.00
li
73.0
Heavy fire........................
35.04
li
68.0
32.6-1
Miscellaneous fires.........
H
Hammermen, rate A ___
70.5
33.84
li
Hammermen, rate B ___
71.0
34.08
li
Cincinnati, Ohio:
68.0
32.64
Railroad shops...................
li
Cleveland, Ohio:
Railroad shops...................
68.0
32.64
li
Columbus, Ohio:
Railroad shops...................
68.0
32.64 .
li
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island,
111.:
68.0
32.49
Railroad shops...................
li
Detroit, Mich.:
68.0
32.64
Railroad shops...................
li
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
68.0
32.64
Railroad shops...................
li
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Railroad shops—
68.0
32.64
General fire......................
li
Heavy fire, roads A
and E .......................... .
70.5
33. 84
li
71.0
Heavy fire, road B ....... .
34.08
li
Kansas City, Mo.:
68.0
32.64
Railroad shops.................
li
Milwaukee Wis.:
68.0
32.64
Railroad shops................. .
li
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Railroad shops—
Miscellaneous f i r e s ,
8
rate A ........................ •
33.84 6 l i
70.5
Miscellaneous f i res,
68.0
32.64
rat B ..........................
li
Omaha, Nebr.:
Railroad shops—
70.0
33.60
Heavy fires....................
li
68.0
32.64
Miscellaneous fires........
li
St. Louis, Mo.:
80.0
38.40
Manufacturing shops___
li
2
90.0
39.60
Outside..............................
Railroad shops—
Miscellaneous f i res,
32. 64 ® l i
rate A ..........................
68.0
9
Miscellaneous f i r e s ,
68.0
32.49
rate B ..........................
li
0
Big fire............................
70.5
33.84 7 i i
70.5
33.69
First fire.........................
li

C ents.

D o lls .

2

8-4-44

12

75.0

36.00 « 8 -*8 -48

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

87.5
87.5

42.00 6 8 — 8 -48
5
38.50 8 - 4 - 4 4

li
li
li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

li

8-8-48

7
l i 6 8 - 8 -48
• li

68.8
(2)
68.0
(2)
71.0
68.0
4

(59)

8-8-48

68.0

33.00
(2)
32.64
(2)
34.08

8-8-48
(2).
8 - 8 -48
(2)
8-8-48

32.64

8-8-48

(59)

32.64

8-8-48

6
l i 6 8 - 7 -47

68.0

32.49 6 8 - 7 -47
6

li

8-8-48

68.0

32. 64

li

8-8-48

li

8-8-48

68.0

32.64

8-8-48

li

li

8-8-48
8-8-48

70. 5
71.0

33. 84
34.08

8-8-48
8-8-48

li

8-8-48

(59)

(59)

8-8-48
(59)

8-8-48

68.0

32.64

l i 58 8 - 7 -47

68.0

32.64 58 8 - 7 -47

li

8-8-48

68.0

32.64

8- - 8 -48

li

' 8 - 8 -48

68.0

32. 64

8-8-48

li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

70.0
68.0

33.60
32.64

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

¥

8-8-48
8-4-44

50.0
80.0

27.00
35. 20

9-9-54
8-4-44

ii

8-8-48

68.0

32.64

8-8-48

ii « 8 - 7 -47
8-8-48
u
6
ii 6 8 - 7 -47
,

68.0
68.0
68.0

32.49 6 8 - 7 -47
6
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
32.49 6 8 - 7 -47
6

12

2 Not organized on May 15,1918.
M Work 47 hours; paid for 48.
59 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
6 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
5
6 Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.
6
6 44 i hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
7
6 Double time after midnight.
8
6 In some shops double time after 8 hours, in others double time for all overtime.
9
7 Double time after 8 hours.
0




(59)

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1910.

161

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

METAL TRADES—Continued.
B L A C K SM IT H S—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
For
days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

Per
week,
full
time.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
Per
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.
R eg u lt ir r a t e

* m u lti p lied
St. Paul, Minn.:
C en ts. D o l l s .
by
Railroad shops—
s
73.0
35.04 e n
8-8-48
Heavv fire, rate A .........
li
33.84 6 l i
70.5
Heavy fire, rate B .........
8-8-48
8
li
68.0
32.64 6 1J
8
8-8-48
Miscellaneous fires..........
li
Toledo, Ohio:
68.0
32.64
8-8-48
Railroad shops...................
li
li
Wichita, Kans.:
Railroad shops—
70.5
Big fire..............................
33.14
« l i «6 8 - 7 -47
li
a I i 66 8 - 7 -47
68.0
32.49
Miscellaneous...................
li

C en ts.

D o lls .

68.0
68.0
68.0

32.64
32.64
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

68.0

36.72

9-9-54

68.0
68.0

32. 49 «6 8 - 7 -47
32. 49 6 8 - 7 -47
6

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.:
Railroad shops...................
Houston, Tex.:
Railroad shops...................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Railroad shops—
H ammersmith................
First fire and forging
machine operators___
Miscellaneous fires.........
Louisville, Ky.:
Railroad shops...................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Railroad shops—
Car and engine fires.......
Frame fire........................
Nashville, Tenn.:
Railroad shops...................
First fire...........................'
Leader..............................
New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing shops........
Heavy fire.......................
Railroad shops...................

68.0

32.64

68.0

32.64

li
i

H

li

8-8-48

ii

8-8-48

68.0
(59)

32.64
(59)

8-8-48
(59)

75.0

35.84

li

li

6 8 - 7 -47
6

68.0

32.64

8-8-48

70.5
68.0

33.69
32.49

12

li

6
l i 6 8 - 7 -47
6
l i 6 8 - 7 -47

68.0
68.0

32.64
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

68.0

32.64

li

li

8-8-48

68.0

32.64

8-8-48

68.0
70.5

32.64
33.84

!i
li

li
l^i

8-8-48
8-8-48

68.0
70.5

32.64
33. 84

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

68.0
70.5
73.0

32.64
33. 84
35.04

li

li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

80.0
86.3
68.0

38. 40
41.40
32.64

2
2

li

li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

68.8
68.8
68.0

33.00
33.00
32.64

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

68.8

33.00

li

7 1|
1

8-8-48

75.0

36.00

8-8-48

72.0
71.0
69.0
73.0
68.0

34.56
34.08
33.12
35.04
32.64

li

li
li
li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48

72.0'
71.0i
69.0•
73.0i
68.0i

34.56
34.08.
33-12:
35.04
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

li
li

2
2

li

(2
)
(2
)
(2)

(2
)
(2)
(2)

(2
)
(2)
(2)

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont............................
Denver, Colo.:
Railroad shops—
First fire, rate A .............
First fire and frame fire.
Second fire.......................
Hammersmiths...............
Miscellaneous fires..........
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops........................
Railroad shops...................

li
li
li
li

li

8-4-44
72.2! 1 34.65> 8 - 8 - 4 8
3
2
12!
8-8-48
(2)
(2
)
(2)
HI
a With a minimum of 5 hours’ pay for 8J hours7 work or less.
2 Not organized on May 15,1918.
w No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
“ Work 47 hours; paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.
68 Double time after midnight.
Double time for July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas.
80.0i
68.0l

35.20
32.64

172259°—20—Bull. 274------ 11




2

li

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

162
T a b le

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
B L A C K S M IT H S —Concluded.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C en ts.
7 5 .0

D o lls .
3 6 .0 0

7 2 .0

34.56

7 1 .0

69.5
68.0
80.0
80.0

34.08
33.36
32.64
35.20
35.20

68.0

32.64

For
Sun­
For
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
weekFull week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

w e s t e r n — conclu ded.

Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops...................... .
Railroad shops—
First fire.......................
, Second fire and spring
fire................................ .
Third fire........................ .
Miscellaneous fires.........
San Francisco, Calif............ .
Seattle, W ash....................... .
Spokane, Wash.:
Railroad shops...................

R e g u l a r r a ie
m ulti ip lied
by

70

C en ts.

D o lls .

2

8-8-48

62,5

30.00

8-8-48

li

li

8-8-48

72.0

34.56

8-8-48

li
li
li

li
li
li
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44

71.0
34.08 8 - 8 - 4 8
33.36 8 - 8 - 4 8
69.5
68.0
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
72.5 1 34.80 62 8 - 8 -48
3
75.0
36.00 72 8 - 8 -48

“ li

li

8-8-48

2
2

12
12

68.0

32.64

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

(59)

19.80

8-4-44
C
69)

45.0
46.0

21.60
22.08

8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
45.0

22.00
21.60

8-4-44
8-8-48

43.5
45.0

20.88 618 - 8 -48
21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8

B L A C K S M IT H S ’ HELPER S.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

45.5

21.84

li

l i 58 8 - 7 -47

50.0 W22.00
45.0
21.60

li
li

2
li

45.0
54.0

21.60
25.92

li
2

l i 58 8 - 7 -47
8-8-48
2i

60.0
45.0

26.40
21.60

li
li

2
li

55.0 la 26.40
45.0
21.60

li
li

2 6 8 - 8 -48
1
8-8-48
li

8-4-44
8-8-48

8-4-44
8-8-48

21.60

li

li

45.0

21.60

li

li

30.72
25.92

2
2

2
2

62 8 - 8 -48

12

8-8-48

64.0
54.0

12

00

45.0

1
00
i
00

Boston, Mass.:
Railroad shops..................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops......................
Railroad shops..................
New Haven, Conn.:
Railroad shops..................
New York, N . Y ..................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops___
Railroad shops..................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops----Railroad shops..................
Portland, Me.:
Railroad shops..................
Springfield, Mass.:
Railroad shops..................

45.0

(59)

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Norfolk, Va.:
Manufacturing shopsHeavy fire.................
Ordinary fires..........
Richmond, Va.:
Railroad shops............

6 8 - 8 -48
2

3
3

(59)

C
69)

(59)
(59)

45.0
21.60
8-8-48
45.0
21.60
li
li
1 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
3
6 Work 47 hours, paid for 48.
8
6 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
9
61 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
6 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
2
6 Double time after midnight.
8
’ o Double time after 8 hours.
72 44 hours per week, May 18 to Sept. 17, inclusive.




(59)
(59)

8-8-48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 6 3
T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
METAL TBADES— Continued.
B L A C K S M IT H S ’ H E L P E R S—Continued.
May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Far
Per
For Sun­
week- over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
Per
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL.
R egu h i r r a t e

Chicago, 111.:
m u lti p lie d
Manufacturing and job­ C en ts. D o lls .
by
bing shops........................
77.5
2
34.10
2
Outside.................................
87.5
2
38.50
2
Railroad shops—
Rate A ..............................
3
45.0
21.60 7 1£
li
4
Rate B .............................. 7 48.5
23.28
li
li
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Railroad shops...................
45.0
21.60
li
li
Cleveland, Ohio:
Railroad shops...................
45.0
21.60
li
li
Columbus, Ohio:
Railroad shops...................
45.0
21.60
li
li
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island,
111.:
Railroad shops...................
48.5
24.65
li
li
Detroit, Mich.:
Railroad shops...................
45.0
21.60
li
li
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Railroad shops...................
45.0
21.60
li
li
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Railroad shops—
Heavy fire........................
22.32
46.5
ii
li
Heavy fire and general
fire.................................
45.0
21.60
li
li
Spring fire........................
21.84
45.5
li
li
Kansas City, Mo.:
Railroad shops...................
45.0
21.60
ii
li
Milwaukee, W is.:
8
Railroad shops...................
45.0
21.60 6 1J 68 l i
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Railroad shops...................
22.80 68 l i
47.5
li
Railroad shops, miscella­
neous fires...................... .
45.0
21.60 68
li
Omaha, Nebr.:
Railroad shops.................
45.0
21.60
li
li
22.56
Railroad shops, heavy fire
47.0
li
li
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops........
27.00
56.3
li
li
Outside...............................
65.0
28.60
2
2
Railroad shops—
Road A ...........................
22.56
47.0
li
li
Road B—
Heaters........................
51.0
24.37
li
li
First fire......................
48.5
23.18
li
li
Second fire..................
22.70
47.5
li
li
Miscellaneous fires___
45.0
21.50
li
li
Road C—
Big fire.........................
51.0
24.48 70 l i
li
Miscellaneous fires___
47.0
22.56 TO li
li
Road E ...........................
48.0
23.04
2
2

Cents.

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48

30.00 6 8 - 8 -48
5
33.00 8 - 4 -44
21.60
23.28

8-8-48
8-8-48

15.66

9-9-54

29.0

8-8-48
6 8 - 8 -48
7

D o lls .

62.5
75.0
45.0
48.5

12
12

8-8-48

75 81- 71-50

(59)

(59)

(59)

(2)

4

0)

(2)

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

8-8-48

(2)

(2)

(2)

8-8-48

46.5

22.32

8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

45.0
45.5

21.60
21.84

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

- 7 -47

45.0

21.60 5 8 — 7 -47
8

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

45.0
47.0

21.60
22.56

8-8-48
8-8-48

35.0
56.3

16.80
24.75

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48

58 8

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48

12

45.0

21.60

-47
-47
-47
-47

45.0
45.0
45.0
45-0

e
21.50 e 8 - 7
6
21.50 6 8 — 7
21.50 £ 6 8 - 7
21.50 6 8 - 7
6

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

45.0
45.0
45.0

21.60
21.60
21.60

8
6 8
6
6 8
6
6 8
6

-

7
7
7
7

-47
-47
-47
-47

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

, 1918.
6 Work 47 hours, paid for 48.
8
6 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
9
6 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
5
I 6 Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.
6
6 441 hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
7
6 Double time after midnight.
8
! 7 Double time after 8 hours.
0
7 If called back, 5 hours' pay for 3i hours’ work or less.
3
74 Rate received by 30 members; 11 received 50.5, 27 received 51.5,14 received 52, and 5 received 52.5 cents
per hour.
75 Work 50 hours, paid for 50 hours and 50 minutes.
'




164

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
B L A C K SM IT H S' H E L P E R S—Concluded.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

C ents.

D o lls .

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
half
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL— c o n c l d .

St, Paul, Minn.:
Railroad shops—
First heavy fire-----Second heavy fire..
General fire............. .
Toledo, Ohio:
Railroad shops............
Wichita, Kans.:
Railroad shops—
Big fire......................
Miscellaneous fires..

R e g iil a r r a te
m ulti ip lied
by

C ents.

D o lls .

47.5
46.0
45.0

22.80
22.08
21.60

1£
6 1J
8
6 14
8

14
14

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

45.0
45.0
45.0

21.60
21.60
21.60

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

45.0

21.60

14

14

8-8-48

45.0

24.30

9-9-54

49.5
47.5

23.65
22.70

14
14

7 li
6
8 - 7 -47
7 14 6 8 - 7 -47
6
6

45.0
45.0

6
21.50 6 8 - 7 -47
21.50 6 8 - 7 -47
6

47.5
47.0

22.70
22.46

14
14

6
14 6 8 - 7 -47
6
14 6 8 - 7 -47

45.0
45.0

21.60
21.60

8-8-48
8-8-48

45.0

21.60

14

14

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

H

14

8-8-48

(2)

(2)

54.0
60.3
45.0

25.92
28.92
21.60

2
2
14

2
2
14

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

43.8

(59)

21.00

45.0

21.60

8-8-48
(89)
8-8-48

56.3

27.00

14

7 1J
7

8-8-48

"62.5

30.00

8-8-48

53.5
55.5

25.68
26.64

14
14

14
14

8-8-48
8-8-48

45.0
45.0

21.60
21.60

8-8-48
8-8-48

52.0

24.96

14

14

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

58.0
45.0

25.52
21.60

2
14

2
14

8-4-44
8-8-48

53.7 1 25.77
3
(2)
(2)

8-8-48
(a)

56.3
45.0
58.0

27.00
21.60
25.52

70 11

14
2

2
14
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44

12

41.9
45.0
53.8

20.11 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.80 62 8 - 8 -48

2

8-4-44

12

62.5

2
30.00 6 8 - 8 -48

14

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Little Rock, Ark.:
Railroad shops—
Road A .....................
Road B ......................
Louisville, K y.:
Railroad shops............
Nashville, Tenn.:
Railroad shops............
New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing shops...
Heavy fire.................
Railroad shops............

(59)

<s)

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont..........................
Denver, Colo.:
Railroad shops—
First fire, road A ..........
First fire, road B ..........
General and miscella­
neous fires...................
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops......................
Railroad shops..................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops......................
Railroad shops..................
San Francisco, Calif............
Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops......................
Spokane, Wash.:
Railroad shops..................

64.0

28.16

2

45.0

21.60

6 14
®

12

2 Not organized on May 15,1918.
1 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
3
w No scale in effect on May 15.1918.
44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive,
ee Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes,
w Double time after midnight.
Double time after 8 hours.
» With a minimum of 5 hours’ pay for 34 hours’ work or less.
” Double time for July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas.




8-8-48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

165

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES —Concluded.
B O ILER M A K E R S.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week, over­ days
full time. and
holi­
time.
days.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
C ents. D o lls .
Railroad shops..................
68.0
32.64
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops........
80.0
38.40
Outside................................
80.0
38.40
Railroad shops...................
68.0
32.64
New Haven, Conn.:
Railroad shops...................
68.0
32.64
New York, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops........
70.0
33.60
Outside................................
87.5
38.50
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops A ..
80.0
35.20
Manufacturing shops B .. w 65.0 so 31. 20
Outside................................
90.0
39.60
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops........................
33.00
66.0
Outside................................
36.30
82.5
Railroad shops...................
68.0
32.64
Portland, Me.:
Railroad shops...................
32.64
68.0
Rochester, 1^. Y .:
Manufacturing and job­
44.00
bing...................................
100.0
Railroad shops...................
32.64
68.0
Springfield, Mass.:
32.64
Railroad shops...................
68.0

R egu b a r ra te
m u lti vplied
by
n
li

wi|
n
n

2
2

li

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
week,
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

C ents.

5 8 _ 7 _47
8

2
2

8|- 5i-48

2
U

2
2
2

« li

823
2

2

8-8-48

37.80
30.00
32.64

9-9-54
8-8-48
8-8-48

68.0

68.0 is 32.64

8-8-48

33.60
33.00

8i - 5i-48

12
12

70.0
75.0

8-4-44
6 8 - 8 -48
2
8-4-44

12

30.80 8 - 4 - 4 4
70.0
65.0 so 31. 20 6 8 - 8 -48
2
35.20 8 - 4 - 4 4
80.0

12
12

8-4-44

U

li

9-5-50
8-4-44
8-8-48

U

li

2

2

li

li

8-4-44
8-8-48

li

li

3
12

8-4-44

68.0

9-5-50
8-4-44
8-8-48

32.64

8-8-48

75.0
68.0

36.00
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

68.0

8-8-48

12

30.00
33.00
32.64

68.0

8-8-48

2

32.64

70.0
62.5

8
l i 5 s _ 7 -47

2
2

D o lls .

68.0

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

n

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

32.64

8-8-48

60.0
75.0

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops A ...................
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops B...................
Railroad shops...................
Baltimore, Md.:
Manufacturing shops........
Outside................................
Charleston, S. C.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops........................
Railroad shops...................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops........................
Railroad shops................. .

68.0

34.00

li

li

9-5-50

12

55.0

27.50

9-5-50

70.0
68.0

35.00
32.64

li
li

li
li

9-5-50
8-8-48

12

60.0
68.0

30.00
32.64

9-5-50
8-8-48

80.0
90.0

35.20
39.60

2
2

8 2
3
8 2
3

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

50. 0
68. 8

22.00
30.25

8-4-44
8-4-44

80.0
68.0

38.40
32.64

2

2

li

6 8 - 8 -48
2
8-8-48

3

li

72.5
68.0

34. 80
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

2
50.0
27.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
2 6 8 - 8 -48
3
li
68.0
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
8-8-48
li
li
18 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
58 Work 47 hours, paid for 48.
6 44 hours per week June to August, inclusive.
2
78 On new work; on old work double time.
Scale became $1.02 per hour and 36 hours per week on Aug. 28,1919.
80 40 per cent received 4.5 cents per hour more than the scale.
81 On new work, time and one-naif; on Saturday after 4 p. m ., double time. On repair work, double
time; on Saturday after 4 p. m. and on Sunday night regular rate multiplied by 2\
8 On new work; time and one-half on Saturday afternoon, double time on Sunday. On repair work
2
double time on Saturday afternoon. For Labor Day, regular rate multiplied by 5.
83 For July 4 and Christmas, regular rate multiplied by 3£; for Labor Day, regular rate multiplied by 5.




70.0
68.0

33.60
32.64

166

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TBADES—Continued.
BOILER MAKERS—Continued.
May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
Sun­
For days
over­
time. and
holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

SOUTH ATLANTIC— concld.
R e g w lm r a t e
m ulti iplied
Norfolk, Va.. district:
' Cents.. D o lls .
by
Norfolk—
38.40
2
2
•Manufacturing shops.. . •8*80.0
Portsmouth—
32.64
Railroad shops................
68.0
li
li
Richmond, Va.:
32.64
68.0
Railroad shops...................
u
li
Washington D, f!_______
33.28
2
75.6
2

a 8i- 5£-48

12

C e n ts.
7 2 .5

D o lls .

34.80

8 i- 5^48

8-8-48

68.0

32; 64

8-8-48

8-8-48
8-4-44

12

68.0
68.8

32.64
33.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops........ ................
Outside...............................
Railroad shops...................
Cincinnati, Ohio.:
Manufacturing shops........
Outside..........*........... .
Outside, high tanks and
smoke stacks.................
Railroad shops_____ _____
Cleveland, Ohio.:
Manufacturing shops........
Outside..............................
Outside, high stacks and
field work........................
Railroad shops...................
Columbus, Ohio.:
Railroad shops....................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island,
111.:
Contract shops....................
Railroad shops...................
Des Moines, Iowa:
Manufacturing shops........
Railroad shops...................
Detroit, Michj
Manufacturing shops........
Outside................................
Railroad shops...................
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Railroad shops...................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Manufacturing shops........
Railroad shops...................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops........
Outside................................
Railroad shops...................

3
60.0 1 32.40
8 88.0
5
38.72
68.0
32.64

li
2
8 1$
6

2
2
li

9-9-54
8 - 4 -44
8 - 8 -48

12

52.0
80,0
68.0

28.08
35.20
32.64

9 - 9 -54
8-4-44
8-8-48

55.0
62.5

27.23
30.94

2
2

2
2

9 - 4i-49i
9' - 4i-49i

12
12

40.0
62.5

19.80
30.00

9- - 4|-49i
8-8-48

70.0
68.0

34.65
32.64

2
H

2
li

9 _ 4^-49i
8-8-48

12

62.5
68.0

30.00
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

70.0
90.0

34.65
39.60

2
2

2
2

9 - 4i-49|
8-4-44

12
12

60.0
75.00

29.70
33.00

9 - 4i-49£
8-4-44

125.0
68.0

55.00
32.64

2
H

2
li

8-4-44
8-8-48

12

(2)
68.0.

(2)
32.64

(*)
8-8-48

68.0

32.64

li

li

8-8-48

68.0

32.64

8-8-48

60.0
68.0

32.40
32.40

2
li

2
9-9-54
6
li 6 8 - 7 -47

50.0
68.0

30.00 10 -10 -60
32.49 6 8 — 7 -47
6

87-68.0
68.0

36.72
32.64

2
li

2
2

9 - 9 -54
8 - 8 -48

55.0
6&0

29.70
32.64

85.0
95.0
68.0

45.90
45.60
32.64

li
2
li

2
& - & -54
2 6 8 - 8 -48
5
8 - 8 -48
li

62.5
75.0
68.0

33.75 9 - 9 - 5 4
5
48
36.00 6 8 - 8 —
32.64 8 - 8 -48

68.0

32.64

li

li

8-8-48

68.0

32.64

8 - 8 -48

55.0
68.0

26.40
32.64

li
ii

2
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
68.0

24.00
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

88 68. 8
90 78. l
68.0

30.25
43.38
32.49

4'

9 - 9 -54
8-8-48

89 2
2
12
8-4-44
45.0
24.30 9 - 9 -54
89 2
2
8-4-44
12
62.5
30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
6
68.0
32.49 6 8 - 7 -47
6
li
l i 6 8 - 7 -47
a 4 hours on Saturdays, June to August, inclusive.
2 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported..
6 44 hours per week,. June to September, inclusive.
5
6 Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.
6
8 Seale became 87.5 cents on Aug. 2 6 ,1919-.
4
85 Scale became $1 on Sept. 22,1919.
8 If ealled back, 5 hour's pay for 3i hours’ work or less*
8
w Scale became 75 cents on May 30> 1919.
ss Scale became 71.9 cents on July 1,1919.
8 Triple time for Labor Day and Christmas.
9
9 Scale became 81.3 cents on July 1,1919.
0




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

167

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRA D E S— Continued.
BOILER. M AK ER S—Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C en ts.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL— C and d .

Milwaukee, Wis.:
Railroad shops.
Minneapolis,
Omaha, Nebr.:
Railroad shops............
Peoria, 111.:
Jobbing shops.............
Railroad shops............
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops.
Outside.........................
Railroad shops—
Rate A ......................
Rate B ......................
Rate C........................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Railroad shops............
Toledo, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops.
Outside.........................
Railroad shops..... ..........
Wichita, Kans.:
Outside, cotaers.........
Outside, riveters......... .
Railroad shops............
Youngstown, Ohio:
Manufact uring shops.
Outside— ...................
Railroad shops. i ........

For
Sun­
Tor days
over­
time. and
holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u i o r ra te
mult\ vplied

S7

C ents.

68.0

32.64

68.0

32.64

68.0

32.64

75.0
68.0

33.00
32.64

70.0
95.0

3a 60
41.80

9 14
1
9114

9 1§ 6i 8 - 8 -48
1
9 11
1
8-4-44

68.0
68.0
70.5.

32.64
32.49
33.69

14
14
14

8-8-48
14
6
14 6 8 - 7 -47
6
14 6 8 - 7 -47

68.0

32*64

6814

14

8-8-48

75.0
85.0
68.0

33.00
37.40
32.64

2
2
14

2
2
14

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48

81 . a
78.1
68.0

37.50
37.50
32.49

2
2
14

68.5
85.0
68.0

32.88
37.40
32.64

14
2
11

1
2
14

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48

38.40

14

2

8-8-48

33- 84

14

14

8-8-48

32.64
37.44

14
14

14
14

36.72

2

31.90
42.00
32.64

9 11
4
2
14

30.60
32.49

14
14

D o lls .

14

8 - 8 -48

68.0

32.64

14

8-8-48

68.0

32.64 . 8 - 8 - 4 8

14

14

8-8-48

2
14

2
14

8-4-44
8 - a -48

«1J

8-8-48

68.0.

32.64

8-8-48

12

65.0
68.0

32.50
32.64

9-5-50
8-8-48

12

50.0 1 24.00 6i 8 - 8 -48
3
50.0
22.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
68.0
68.0
68.0

32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
32.49 6 8 — 7 -47
6
32.49 6 8 _ 7 -47
6

68.0

2
8-8-48
8-8-48
2
6
*5 14 6 8 _ 7 -47

32.64

8-8-48

60.0
70.0
68.0

26.40
30. 80
36.72

8-4-44
8-4-44
9-9-54

68.8
65.6
68.0

12
12

3a. 00 8 - 8 - 4 8
3L50 8 - 8 - 4 8
32.49 6 8 - 7 -47
6

(2)
(2)
68.0

(2)
(2)
32.64

(2)
(2)
8-4-88

67.5

32.40

8-8-48

66.5

39.90 10 -10 -60

8-8-48
8-8-48

68.0
66.5

32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
39.90 10 -10 -60

2

9-9-54

68.0

36.72

9-9-54

2
2
14

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48

12

72.5
75.0
68.0

34.80
36.00
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

8 - 5 -45
14
6
14 6 8 - 7 -47

12
12

58.0
68.0

34.80 10 -10 -60
32.64 8 — 8 —
48

12

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la.:
Manufacturing and job­
80.0
bing shops........................
Steel mills and blast fur­
naces ................................. 92 70.5
Railroad shops—
Rate A ..............................
68.0
Rate B ..............................
78.0
Dallas, Tex.:
Manufacturing shops........ »3 68.0
Houston, Tex.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops........................
72.5
Outside.................................
87.5
68.0
Railroad shops...................
Little Rock, Ark.:
68.0
Manufacturing shops........
Railroad shops...................
68.61

..........

2 Not organized on May 15,1918.
More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
el Hours vary but total 48 per week.
6 Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.
6
6 Double time after midnight.
8
86 If called back, 5 hour's pay for 34 hours' work or less.
91 On new work; on repair work double time.
9 67 per cent received from 2 to 8 cents per hour more than the scale.
2
93 Scale became 70 cents for shop work and 87.5 cents for outside work chi May 26,1919.
9 Double time after 4 hours.
4




168

-BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TBADES— Continued.
B O ILE R M A K E R S—Concluded.

May 15,1919.

Rate of

Rato of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

SOUTH CENTRAL—

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

Cents.

Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Hours:
Full days;
Full days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per week, Saturdays;
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day.

D o lls .

concld.

Louisville, K y.:
Manufacturing shops........
Outside............................... .
Railroad.............................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Manufacturing shops....... .
Railroad shops.................. .
Nashville, Tenn.:
Railroad shops.................. .
New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing shops....... .
Outside...........J..................
Railroad shops..................

May 15, 1918.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied
C e n ts .

D o lls

65.0
81.3
68.0

32.50
35.75
32.64

.2
2

li

9-5-50
8-4-44
8-8-48

45.0
68.8
68.0

22.50
30.25
32.64

1-5-50
i - 4 -44
1-8-48

70.0
68.0

37.
32.64

2
li

9-9-54
8-8-48

55.0
68.0

29.70
32.64

1-9-54
! - 8 -48

68.0

32.64

li

8-8-48

68.0

32.64

! - 8 -48

80.0
80.0

38.40
38.40
32.64

2
2
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
68.8
68.0

30.00
33.00
32.64

5-8-48
5-8-48
5-8-48

87.5

38.50

87.5

38.50

5-4-44

68.8
68.5

33.00
32.88

8-8-48
8-8-48

75.0
68.5

36.00
32.88

8-8-48
8-8-48

32.64
68.0
32.64
68.0
80.0 is 35.20

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44

52.0
68.0
72.5

24.96
32.64
34.80

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

75.0
68.0

33.00
32.64

8-4-44
8-8-48

62.5
68.0

30.00
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

90.0

39.60

8-4-44

75.0

33.00

8-4-44

80.0
90.0
90.0

35.20
39.60
39.60

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

72.5
81.6
75.0

34.80 28 - 8 -48
39.15 28 - 8 -48
36.00 28 - 8 -48

3
80.0 1 35.20
44.00
100.0
32.64
68.0

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48

75.0
81.3
68.0

13 36.00

39-00
32.64

** 8 — 8 -48
5-8-48
5-8-48

-48

68.5

32.88

5-8-48

8
li 6 8 - 7 -47

45.0

21.60

8 -*8 -48

2
2
U

36.0
41.0
(2)

19.44
19.68
(2)

9-9-54
8-8-48
(2)

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont.:
Building work...................
Contract shops, mines,
smelters, and concen­
trators..............................
Railroad shops..................
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops....... .
Railroad shops..................
Portland, Oreg.....................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing shops.......
Railroad shops..................
San Francisco, Calif.:
Building work...................
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops......................
Outside...............................
Tanks and pipe lines----Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing shops----Outside...............................
Railroad shops..................
Spokane, Wash.:
Railroad shops..................

68.5

12

li

32. £

B O IL E R M A K E R S’ H E L P E R S.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Railroad shops............
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops..
Outside.........................
Railroad shops............

45.5

21.84

54.0
65.0
45.0

25.92
31.20
21.60

li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

li
li
li
2 No scale in effect on May 15, 1918.
; amount not reported.
More than half received more than the
6 Work 47 hours, paid for 48.
8
62 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
7 Double time after 8 hours.
o
7 Double time for July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas.
7
** 44 hours per week, May 15 to Sept. 15, inclusive.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 6 9
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS, ETC—Continued.
METAL TRADE S—Continued.
BO ILE R MAKERS* H E L P E R S—Continued.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC— concld.

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u b %r ra te
m u lti p lied

C ents. D o lls .
New Haven, Conn.:
45.0
21.60
Railroad shops...................
New York, N . Y .:
Manufacturing shops........
54.0
25.92
Outside.................................
75.0
33.00
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops—
65.0
28.60
Rate A ............................
7
25.92
Rate B ............................ . 9 54.0
75.0
33.00
Outside............................... .
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops....... .
48.0
24.00
75.6
Outside...............................
33.28
21.60
Railroad shops..................
45.0
Portland, Me.:
45.0
Railroad shops.................. .
21.60
Rochester, N . Y .:
Manufacturing and job­
65.0
28.60
bing shops......................
Railroad shops..................
45.0
21.60
Springfield, Mass.:
45.0
21.60
Railroad shops..................

it ~

C ents.

8
l i 5 8 - 7 -47

D o lls .

45.0

2
9 2
6

8-8-48
8-4-44

2
li
2

2
2
2

8-4-44
9 8 - 8 -48
7
8-4-44

12

98 11

823

2
li

99 2

9-5-50
8-4-44
8-8-48

12
12

li i

li

!i

8-8-48

2
li

2
li

8-4-44
8-8-48

li

li

8 - 8 -48

12

12

12

21.60

8-8-48

46.0
62.5

22.08
27.50

8 - 8 -48
8-4-44

55.0
9 54.0
7
65.0

24.20
25.92
28.60

8-4-44
8-8-48
8 - 4 -44

45.0
68.8
45.0

22.50
30.25
21.60

9-5-50
8-4-44
8-8-48

45.0

2
2

21.60

8-8-48

22.80

8-8-48

47.5
(a )

(a )

(a )

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

40.0
56.3

17.60
24.75

8-4-44
8-4-44

42.0
45.0

20.16
21.60

8-8-48
8-8-48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, Md.:
Manufacturing shops..
Outside............................
Charleston. S. C.:
Manufacturing shops..
Railroad shops..............
Norfolk. Va., district:
N orfolkManufacturing shops.. .
Portsmouth—
Railroad shops...........
Richmond, Va.:
Railroad shops..............

8-4-44
8-4-44

54.0
77.5

23.76
34.10

2
2

42.0
45.0

2 20.16
21.60

li
li

li
li

3 54.0

25.92

2

2

46.0

22.08

8§- 5i-48

45.0

21.60

li

li

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

li

li

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

50.0
78.0

27.00
34.32

li
2

2
2

9-9-54
8-4-44

42.0
70.0

22.68
30.80

9-9-54
8-4-44

45.0
47.0

21.60
22.56

li
li

U
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

45.0
47.0

21.60i 8 - 8 - 4 8
22.56i 8 - 8 - 4 8

12
12

12
12

8-8-48
8-8-48
* 8|-

5i-48

12

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops...................... .
Outside............................... .
Railroad shops—
Rate A ............................ .
Rate B ............................ .

12

o Not organized on May 15,1918.
13i times regular rate for July 4 and Christmas and 5 times regular rate for Labor Day.
3 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
a Scale became 59.5 cents on Aug. 26,1919.
< 46b hours per week, June to August, inclusive,
w work 47 hours,paid for 48.
sa On new work, time and one-half on Saturday afternoon; double time on Sunday. On repair work,
double time on Saturday afternoon; 5 times regular rate for Labor Day.
»« 4 times regular rate for Labor Day and Christmas.
9 33 per cent received 4 cents per hour more than the scale; scale became 74 cents per hour and 44 hours
7
per week on Aug. 28,1919.
9 On new work; on Saturday after 4 p. m., double time. On repair work double time; on Saturday after
8
4 p. m. and on Sunday night, 2\ times regular rate.
9 On new work; on repair work triple time; for Labor Day 5 times regular rate.
9




170

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
BO ILER M A K E R S ' H E L P E R S— Continued.

May I5r 1919.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
with
Fuildays; Sat­
Per
Sun­
Per
week,. For days Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
fuH .over­ and
full
time. time. holi­
holi­
time.
days.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

R e g u l w r m te
m u lt ip lied

NORTH CENTRAL— c o n td .

Cincinnati. Ohio*.
Manufacturing shops..
Outside.........................
Railroad shops.............
Cleveland,. Ohio:
Manufacturing shops..
Outside..........................
Columbus, Ohio:
Railroad- shops..............
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Roek Island,

11
1 .:

Manufacturing shops____
Railroad shops....................
Des Moines, Iowar
Manufacturing shops........
Railroad shops...................
Detroit, Mich.:
Manufacturing: shops........
Outside................................
Railroad shops____ _____
Grand Rapids, Mich.:.
Railroad shops...................
Indianapolis,
Railroad shops............
Kansas City, Mo.:
Manufacturing shopsOutside..........................
Railroad shops............
Milwaukee, W is.:
Railroad shops............
Minneapolis, Minn.:

C ents.

D o lls .

C en ts.

35.9
35.0
45.0

17.33
17.33
21.60

I?
2 r
li

n
2

55.0
75.0
45.0

27.23
33.00
21.60

45.0

12
12

D e lls .

li

9 - 4i-49i
9 - 4i-49i
8-8-48

27.5
27.5
45.0

13.61
13.61
21.60

9 - 4i-49i
9 -4 i-4 9 #
8-8-48

2
2
li

2
2
3i

9 - 4i-49i
12
46.0
8-4-44
12
65-0
8 - 8 - 4 8 -------- * 45.0

22.77
28.60
21.60

9 - 4i-49*
8-4-44
8-8-48

21.60

li

li

8-8-48

45.0
49.0

24.30
23.41

2
li

2
li

50.0
45.0

27.00
21.60

2
li

55.0
75.0
45.0

29.70
36.00
21.60

6 1i
2
li

45.0

21.60

45.0

21.60

*53.1
w 71.9
45.0

23.36
31. 63
21.50

2 !
2
li '

(a)

(a)

9-9-54
6 8 - 7 -47

35.0
45.0

21.00 10 -10 -60
21.50 5 8 - 7 - 4 7

2
li

9-9-54
8-8-48

37.5
45.0

20, 25
21.60

2
2
li

9-9-54
7 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

40.0
62.5
45.0

21.60 , 9- - 9 -54
30.00 7 8 - 8 -48
21.6Q 8 - 8 - 4 8

li

li

8-8-48

45.0 .

21.60

8-8-48

li

li

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8 - 8 -48

12
12

30.0
56.3
45.0

16.20 9 - 9 - 5 4
27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.50 &8 - 7 -47

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

..........

45.0

2L60

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

50.0
45.0

25.00
21.60

9-5-50
8-8-48

92
92
li

8-4-44
8-4-44
58 - 7 —
47

4

45.0

21. 60

1 li
1

1 li
1

8-8-48

45.0
Omaha, Nebr.:
Railroad shops---------Peoria, 111.:
Jobbing shops.......... ..
Railroad shops............
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops.
Outside.........................
Railroad shops—
Rate A ....................
Rate B ........... ...........
Rate C.......................
Rate D ....................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Railroad shops............

21.60

111^

li

8-8-48

48.5

23.28

li

li

8-8-48

60.0
45.0

26.40
21.60

2
li

2
li

8-4-44
8-8-48

12

50.0
90.0

24.00
39.60

6 li
« li

6 li 12 8 - 8 -48
8-4-44
6 li

12

45.0
46.0
47.0
48.5

21.60
22.08
22.56
23,17

li
li
1 li
3

li
li
li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
5 8 - 7 -47

(a )

9-9-54
8-8-48

35.0
38.0

2 16. 80 12 8 - 8 -48

45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0

21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.50 5 8 - 7 -47

16.72

21.60 1 li
21.60
45.0
8-8-48
45.0
1
li
a Not organized on May 15, 1918.
* More than half received more than the scale; amount not repeated.
6 Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes,
« For new work; for repair work double time.
* 44 hours per week June to September, inclusive,
s Scale became 56.3.cents on July 1,. 1919.
8 Triple time for Labor Day ana Christmas1 Scale became 75 cents on July 1, 1919.
0
u Double time afier midnight,
i? Hours vary but total 48 per week.
13 Double time after 8 hours..




Hoursr
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

8-4-44

8-8-48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1919.
T a b le

171

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
M E TA L TBADES— Continued.
BO ILEH M A K E R S' H E L P E B S—Continued.

May 15, 1919.

May 15, 1918.
Rate of
wages—

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
eity.
Per
hour.

Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
• For
Full days;
Per
Sun­ Saturdays; Sat­
For
urday Per
week, over­ days
Full week. half hour.
full
and
time. time. holi­
holi­
days.
day.

NORTH CENTRAL— C O n d d .
C ents. D o lls .
Toledo, Ohio:
55.0
24,20
Manufacturing shops........
75.0
33.00
Outside................................
45.0
21.60
Railroad; shops...................
Wichita, Kans.:
Railroad shops, round­
49.0
23.41
house.................................
Railroad shops, running
48.5
23.17
repairs...............................
Youngstown, Ohio.:
50.0
24.00
Manufacturing shops........
77.5
34.10
Outside................................
45.0.
21.60
Railroad; shops...................

R e g u l xr rate
m ulti iplied
by
2
2
2
2

li

li

C e n ts .

8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-8-48

12
12

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

50.0
60.0
45.0

22.00
26,40
24.30

2L.50 &8 - 7 -47

n

1 li
4

s 8 - 7 -47

45.0

li

1 li
4

&8

4a 0

li
2
li

1
2
li

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48

- 7 -47

Per
week,
full
time.

8-4-44
8-4-44
9 - 9 -54

21.50 5 g - 7 —
47

45.0

12

21.60

(la)
(*)
8 - 8.-48

(15)
(15)

(15)
(!5)

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.:
Railroad shops...................
Dallas, Tex. :
Manufacturing shops------Houston, Tex.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops...*............... .
Outside............................... .
Railroad shops...................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Railroad shops:
Rate A .................
Rate B .............................
Louisville, Ky.r
Manufacturing shops. —
Outside................................
Railroad shops...................
Nashville, Tenn.:
Railroad shops...................
New Orleans, L a.:
Manufacturing shops........
Railroad shops...................

45.0

21.60

li

!i '

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

40.0

21.60

2

2

9-9-54

..........

40.0

21.60

9-9-54

47.5
81.3
45.0

20.90
39.00
21.60

1 1|
6
2
li

2
2
li

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48

12

47.5
68.8
45.0

22.80
33.00
2L60

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

47.0
47.5

22.46
22. 70

li
li

li
li

45.0
45.0

21.60
21. 60

8-8-48
8-8-48

45.0
68.8
45.0

22.50
30.25
21.60

2
2
li

2
2
li

9-5-50
8-4-44
8-8-48

35.0
56.8
45.0

17.50
24.97
21.60

9-5-50
8-4-44
8-8-48

5 8.

- 7 -47
&8 - 7 -47
12
12

45.0

21.60

li

li

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

54.0
45.0

25.92
21.60

2
li

2
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

34.4
45.0

16.50
21.60

8-8-48
8-8-48

68.8

30.25

li

li

8-4-44

62.5

27.50

8-4-44

56.3
45.0

27.00
21.60

li
li

1 li
7
li

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

62. 5
45.0

30.00
21.60

8-8-48
8-8-48

45,0

21.60

li

li

8-8-48

37.0

17.76

8-8-48

45.0
52.0
58.0

21.60
24. 96
25. 52

it
2

li
if
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44

45.0
52.0
53.6

21.60
24. 96
25.74

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

,

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont.:
Building work....................
Contract shops, mines,
smelters,and concentra­
tors................................... .
Railroad shops...................
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops------Railroad shops—
Rate A ............................ .
Rate B .............................
Portland, Oreg..................... .

12

12

&Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours, and 47 minuter.
1 With a minimum of 5 hours’ pay for 3 i hours’ work or less.
4
1 No scale in effect on May 15,19*18.
5
1 Double time after 4 hours,
6
1 Double time for July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas.
7




172

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
B O ILER M A K E R S’ H E L P E R S—Concluded.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C en ts.

D o lls .

western —concluded.

Salt Lake City, Utah.:
Contract shops..................
Railroad shops—
Rate A ............................
Rate B ............................
San Francisco, Calif.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops......................
Building work...................
Tanks and pipe line........
Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing shops___
Outside...............................
Railroad shops..................
Spokane, Wash.:
Railroad shops..................

For
For Sun­
days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.
R e g u la r rate
m u ltip lied
by—

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

C ents.

53.2

23.39

8-4-44

45.0
53.0

21.60
25.44

8-8-48
8-8-48

58.0
64.0
90.0

25.52
28.16
39.60

• 4 -44
- 4 -44
■ 4 -44

58.0
75.0
45.0

25.52
33.00
21.60

. 4 -44

45.0

21.60

ii 1|

2

D o lls .

li

45.0

21.60

45.0
45.0

21. €
21.6

75.0

25.80 is 8 • 8 -48
■
• 4 -44
23.65
• 8 -48
36.00

. 4 -44
■ 8 -48

li

12

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

50.0
62.5
45.0

24.00
30.00
21.60

8 - 8 -48

45.0

21.60

62.5

30.00

68.0

8-8-48
- 8 -48
■ 8 -48

■ 8 -48
- 8 -48
- 8 -48

COPPERSMITHS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.................
New Haven, Conn:
Railroad shops..........
New York, N . Y ..........
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Inside..........................
Outside........................

86.0

37.84

2

68.0
21 86.0

32.64
37.84

li
22 2§

95.0
95.0

45.60
41.80

2
2

2
2

8-8-48
8-4-44

100.0

48.00

242

2 2
5

8-8-48

90.0
90.0
si 75.0
29 75.0

43.20
43.20
36.00
33.00

2« l i
2
2

2
2
2

2

8-4-44

l i 20 8 - 7 -47
22 2\
8-4-44

12

73.1

32.64
32.16

8 -48

12
12

70.0
76.3

33.60
33.55

■ 8 -48
. 4 _44

72.5

34.80

5-8-48

4 -44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, Md...............
NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Inside..........................
Outside................•
----Cincinnati, Ohio...........
St. Louis, Mo.................

li

3 2
0

8f - 4J-48
2 8 - 4 -44
8
8f - 4§-48
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

70.0
80.0
70.0
62.5

12
12

34.65 279 • 4i-49i
38.40 8 • 8 -48
33.60
4§-48
4 -44
2 27.50

82.5
75.0

WESTERN.
Portland, Oreg..............
San Francisco, Calif.. .

86.0 2 37.84
3
86.0 2 37.84

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
n Double time after midnight.
44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
m 44 hours per week, May 18 to Sept. 17, inclusive.
20 Work 47 hours, paid for 48.
« Scale became $1.07 on Oct. 1,1919.
22 On repair work; on new work, double time.
*3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported,
a* On commercial work; on Government work time and one-half,
as Triple time for July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas.
26 Double time after 7 p. m.
2 53 hours per week, October to April, inclusive.
7
» Work 44 hours, paid for 48.
» Scale became 80 cents on July 1,1919.
# Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
>
8i Scale became 85 cents on July 19,1919.




39.60
33.03

•8 -48
■4 -44

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 7 3
T a b l e A ___ UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAIi TRADES— Continued.
COREM AKERS.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.......................
Bridgeport, Conn...............
Buffalo, N. Y ......................
Fall River, Mass.................
Newark, N . J.......................
New York, N . Y ................
Philadelphia. P a................
Pittsburgh, Pa...................
Providence, R. I ................
Rochester, N. Y .................
Scranton, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops—
Machinery....................
Hot water and steam.
S pringfield. Mass...............
W orcester, Mass.................

31.50
72.5
34.80
3 58.
3
31.50
31.50
65.6
34.80
72.5
36.00
75.0
68. 34 33.00
36.00
75.0
71.
31.63
33.84
8 62.7
5

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time.
holi­
days.
R e g u la r rate
m u ltip lied
by—

82 58.3

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. hal
hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

229 . 9 -54

8•8

li

-48
S 9 . 9 -54
3
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 ■ 4 -44
559 9 -54

li
li
li
li
li
li
li
li

65.0 231.20
65.0 2 31.
3
34.
72.5
6
58.3 5 31.50

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
9-9-54

C en ts.

58.3
41.7
58.3
50.0
55.6
52.8
68.8

65.6
40.0
58.3

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

9-9-54
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9 - 9 -54
8-8-48
8-8-48
22.00 1 0 - 5 -55
31.50 9 - 9 - 5 *

31.50
22.50
31.50
27.00
30.00
28.50
33.00
31.50

55.6
55.6
55.6
50.0

30.00
30.00
30.00
27.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

68.8

33.00
31-50
33.00

8-8-48
9-9-54
8-8-48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, Md.......
Richmond, V a -----Washington, D. C.

68.8
70.0
68.8

33.00
37.80
33.00

80.0
58.3

38.40
31.50
33.00
33.60
32.40
38.40
30.00
30.00
32.40
34.80
32.64
33.00
36.00
34.

9 -

37 8 -

5 -48
) -54
5 -48

58.3
68.8

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, III................. .
Cincinnati, Ohio.........
Cleveland, Ohio........ .
Dayton. Ohio............ .
Des Momes, Iowa-----Detroit, Mich.............
Grand Rapids, Mich.
Indianapolis, Ind-----Kansas City, Mo-----Minneapolis, Minn—
Omaha, Nebr.............
Peoria, 111...................
St. Louis, Mo.............
St. Paul, Minn..........

3 61.1
8
70.0
60.0
80.0
« 55.6
42 55.
67.5
72.5
68.0
61.1
75.0
72.5

2
2

32
9
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8-8-48
9-9-54
9 _ 9 -54
8-8-48
9-9-54
8 - ' S -48
9-9-54
9 - 9 -54
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
9-9-54
8-8-48
8-8-48

4
2

68.8

55.6
61.1
55.6
50.0
61.1
44.4
55.6
60.0
55.6
55.6
50.0
61.1
55.6

33.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
0
33.00 4 9 _ 9 -5 4
30.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
2 27.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
33.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
24.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
30.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
32.40 9 - 9 - 5 4
30.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
30.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
27.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
33.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
30.00 9 - 9 - 5 4

2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
23 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
32 Scale became 72.5 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on July 1,1919.
33 Scale became 75 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on Sept. 15,1919.

3 75 per cent received from 50 cents to $1.50 per day more than the scale,
4
ss Scale became 71.9 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on June 1,1919.
3 25 per cent received 55 cents per day more than the scale.
6
37 44 hours per week in about 50 per cent of the shops.
3 Scale became 75 cents per hour, 8 hours per day, 44 hours per week, May to October, inclusive, on
8
June 1,1919.
*9 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon. May to August, inclusive.
>
50 hours per week, May to AugUst, inclusive.
41 Scale became 58.3 cents on June 1 , and 61.1 cents on Aug. 8,1919.
42 Scale became 60.6 cents per hour and 8i hours per day on June 27, and 75 cents per hour and 8 hours
per day on Sept. 1,1919.

*
0




174

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TBADES— Continued.
COR EM AK ER S—Concluded.

May 15, 1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
and
full
time. time. holi­
days.
R e g u la r rate
m u ltip lie d
by—

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Houston, T ex.................
Little Rock, A rk.......... .
Memphis, Tenn..............
New Orleans, L a...........

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour. week,
full
time.
holi­
day.

Cents. Dolls,
34.$
72.5
36.72
68.0
68.0 2 36.72
80.0
38.40

Cents.

2
2
2
2

(15)

8-8-48
9-9-54
9-9-54
8-8-48

41.7
36.0
62.5

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .
(!5)

(1)
5

22.50
30.24
30.00

9-9-54
9-9-54

39.00
28.50

-8-48
-8-48

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont....................
Denver, Colo...................
Portland, Oreg...............
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing shops.
Railroad shops.......... .
San Francisco, Calif----Seattle, W ash.................

75.0
* 7 5 .0
87.5

36.00
36.00
38.50

75.0
68.0
80.0
87.5

36.00
32.64
35.20
38.50

44

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-4-44
■8
•8
•4
•4

-48
-48
-44
-44

81.3
59.4
72.5

3 34.80 w 8 - 8 -48

62.5
68.0
72.5
82.5

12

30.00
-48
32.64
34.
1 8 - 8 -48
8
39.601 8 - 8 -48

MACHINISTS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Manufacturing shops A . ..
Manufacturing shops B . ..
Manufacturing shops C . . .
Toohnakers, shops C.........
Railroad shops A ...............
Railroad shops B ...............
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Manufacturing shops A . ..
Manufacturing shops B . . .
Tool and die makers A . . .
Tool and die makers B . . .
Buffalo, N . Y .:
Manufacturing shops........
Die sinkers..........................
Tool and die makers..........
Specialists............................
Outside.................................
Railroad shops....................
Newark, N. J.:
Manufacturing shops A . ..
Manufacturing shops B
Tool and dfe makers.. .
Outside...........................
Breweries........................

60.0
65.0
65.0
75.0
68.0
68.0

27.00
31.20
31.20
36.00
32.64
32.64

n

68.0
68.0
78.0
80.0 «

32.64
32.64
37.44
38.40

ii

73.0
90.0
79.0
50.0
75.0
68.0

39.42
2 48.60
37.92
24.00
33.00
32.64

« 1J
111§

65.0
75.0
85.0
87.5
49 75.0

31.20
36.00
40.80
38.50
36.00

li
U
n

2
2
2
2
li

if
u
11
u

14

1£
2
1*

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1*

8-5-45
8§- 4§-48
8§- 4§-48
83- 4§-48
8-8-48
2° 8 — 7 -47

12
12
12
12

55.0 4 24.75
5
55.0
27.50
55.0
26.40
65.0 2 31.20
68.0
32.64
68.0
32.64 .

8-5-45
9-5-50
83- 43-48
8§- 43-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

85- 5 -48
85- 5 -48

12
12
12
12

55.0
60.0
75.0
70.0

8J8|8fr8f-

85^ 5 —
48

8f- 5 -48
9-9-54
9-9-54
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48

12

55.0
90.0
70.0
50.0
75.0
68.0

2 26.40

28.80
2 36.00

2 33.60
29. 70
48.60
33.60
24.00
33.00
32.64

5
5
5
5

-48
-48
-48
-48

9-9-54
9 - 9 -54
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48

45.0
8-8-48
22.50 9 - 5 - 5 0
55.0 2 26.40 8 - 8 - 4 8
8-8-48
31.20 4 8|- 4^-48
4 8|- 4J-48
8
12
65.0
8
2
75.0
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
2
8-4-44
12
16 l i
2
33.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
8 - 8 - 4 8 .........
69.8
a More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
n Double time after midnight.
1 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
6
is Double time after 4 hours.
is 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
19 44 hours per week, May 18 to Sept. 17, inclusive.
20 Work 47 nours, paid for 48.
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
3
4 Scale became 80 cents on June 15,1919.
3
4 Every other Saturday off during June, July, and August.
4
4 25 per cent received 10 cents per hour more than the scale.
5
4 67 per cent received 5 to 30 cents per hour more than the scale.
6
47 Double time after 10 p. m.
4 Hours vary, but total 48 per week; 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
8
49 Scale became 85.4 cents on July 1,1919.




161J

16 14
16 i f

2
2
2

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 7 5
T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TB A D E S— Continued.
M A C H IN IST S—Continued.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

C en ts.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
full
half hour.
time.
holi­
day.

B o l ls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC— concld.

N6w Haven, Conn.:
Manufacturing shops—
AH round men A ............
AH round men B ............
All round men C.........
Specialists A ....................
Specialists R ....................
Specialists C........... 1—
Tool and die makers A ..
Tool and die makers B ..
Tool and die makers C..
Railroad shops...................
New York. N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops........
Tool and die makers.........
Auto repair shops..............
Printing-press factories... .
Outside................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops A . ..
Manufacturing shops B . ..
Tool and die makers A __
Tool and die makers B . . .
Outside............................... ..
Breweries........................... Railroads..............................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Railtoad shops...................
Portland, Me.:
Railroad shops..................
Providence, R. I.:
Breweries and auto repair
shops................................
Railroad shops..................
Rochester, N. Y .:
Manufacturing and job­
bing sho^s......................
Tool and die makers........
Railroad shops..................
Springfield, Mass.:
Railroad shops..................
Worcester, Mass.:
Manufacturing shops-----Toolmakers........................
Specialists
Railroad

R eg u h i r ra te
m u lti p lie d

C e n ts .

60.0
60.0
60.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
68.0

2 28.80
2 30.00
2 33.00
24.00
25.00
27.50
33.60
35.00
38.50
32.64

u it
“ li
n li

so 73.0
90.0
80.0

35.04
39.60
38.40
35.04
44.00

5 1^
1
5 li
1
2
5 li
1
2

2
2
2
2
2

5 3 7 5 .0
54 ()g. Q

38.88
38.40
43.20
43.20
39.60
36.00
32.64

li
11 ii
li
11 i i
2
n li
li

9li
2
812
8|2
8 f2
82 28 8 8li

68.0

32.64

li

li

68.0

32.64

li

li

50.0 23 24.00
32.64
68.0
55*68.0
56 80.0
68.0

32.64
38.40
32.64

68.0

32.64

57 50.0 23 24.00
58 60.0 23 28. 80
59 40.0
19.20

5073.0

100.0
72.0
80.0
90.0
90.0
90.0

68.0

32.64

11 n
1 1 1*

Hn
11 ii
11 u
111 h

li

8
2
9
2
10
2
2
8
9
2
10
2
8
2
9
2
10
2
l i 20 8

-

5 8
0
48 8
8
6 8
0
8

8
5
5
8
5
5
8
5
5
7

-48
-50
-55
-48
-50
-55
-48
-50
-55
-47

-

8 -48
8 -48
- 8 -48
- 8 -48
- 4 -44

12
12
12
12
12
12

60.0
60.0
60.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
68.0

B o l ls .

2 28.80 8 - 8 -48
230.00 9 - 5 -50
233.00 1 0 - 5 -55
824,00 8 - 8 - 4 8
2 25.00 0 - 5 - 5 0
2 27.50 1 0 - 5 - 5 5
233.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
2 35.00 9 - 5 - 5 0
238.50 1 0 - 5 -55
2 32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
35.04
39.36
36.00
24.00
33.00

65.0
72.5
75.0
78.0
85.0
65.0
68.0

35.10 9 - 9 - 5 4
34.80 8|- 4J-48
40.50 s2 9 - 9 -54
37.44 8 f- 44-48
37.40 8 - 4 - 4 4
31.20 8 f- 4i-48
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8

8 - 8 -48

68.0

32.64

8-8-48

8 - 8 -48

68.0

32.64

8-8-48

2
li

2
8 - 8 -48
0
l i 2 8 - 7 -47

50.0
68.0

24.00
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

li
li
li

2
2
li

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

55.0
65.0
68.0

26.40
31.20
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

li

li

8 - 8 -48

68.0

32.64

8-8-48

16
16 1£

2
2
2
14

9
9
9
8

47.5
52.5

22.80
2 25.20

8-8-48
8-8-48

1 li
6
14

-

9 -54
4|-48
4J-48
4J-48
4 -44
4 -44
8 -48

3
3
3
8

-48
-48
-48
-48

12
12
12
12
12
12

ft
1%

12

(15)

68.0

(!5 )
2 32.64

2 More than half received more than fhe scale; amount not reported,
u Double time after midnight,
is No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
is Double time after 4 hours.
20 Work 47 hours, paid for 48.
23 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
28 Work 44 hours, paid for 48.
4 Hours vary, but total 48 per week; 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive,
8
so Scale became 80 cents per hour, and 44 hours per week, on Sept. 1,1918.
6i Double time after 9 p . m.
52 Hours vary, bUt total 54 per week.
6 Scale became 90 cents on June 1,1919.
3
5 Scale became 72 cents on August, 1919.
4
6 Scale became 75 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
6
6 Scale became 85 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
6
6 Scale became 60 cents on June 2,1919.
7
6 Scale became 70 cents on June 2,1919.
8
6 Scale became 50 cents on June 2,1919.
9




8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 4 -44

73.0
82.0
75.0
50.0
75.0

3

(15)

8-8-48

176

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TR A D E S— Continued.
M ACH IN ISTS—Continued.
May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week- over­ days
and
full
time. holi­
time.
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
urday Per
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing shops and C en ts. B o l ls .
auto repair shops..........
70.0
37.80
68.0
32.64
Railroad shops..................
Baltimore, Md.:
75.0 3 36.00
Manufacturing shops A . .
Manufacturing shops B . .
75.0 2 36.00
Manufacturing shops C . .,
75.0
36.00
Outside...............................
75.0 8 36.00
Railroad shops..................
68.0
32.64
Charleston. S. C.:
Manufacturing and job­
35.04
bing shops...................... . 62 73.0
Railroad shops...................
68.0
32.64
Jacksonville, Fla.:
38.40 :
Manufacturing shops........
80.0
68.0
32.64
Railroad shops...................
Norfolk, Va.:
Manufacturing shops........
38.40
80.0
32.64
68.0
Railroad shops...................
Richmond. Va.:
75.0
36.00
Manufacturing shops A . ..
73.0
35.04
Manufacturing shops B . . .
78.0
39.00
Tool and die makers.........
68.0
Railroad shops. . . .
32.64
Washington, D. C.:
Manufacturing shops A . . 6668. 8 2 33.00
37.44
Manufacturing shops B . .
78.0
68.0
Railroad shops..................
38.08
Specialists..........................
55.0
26.40

R e g u l a r r a te
m u lt ip lie d
--by F
U
li

li

ii n
1 li
1
1 li
1
1 li
1
li
li
li

li

2
2
2
61 2

li
2

li

C en ts.

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

60 62.0

68.0
68.0

29.76
32.64
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

59.0
68.0

31.86 52 9 - 9 -54
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8

65.0
68.0

35.10
32.64

9 - 9 - t e

72.5
68.0

34.80
32.64

81- 5£-48
8-8-48

li

is 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

2

2

62.5
68.8

63 8 i-

li

li

li
li
H
1*.

li

2

li
1
li

3

5i-48
8-8-48

8J- 5J-48
8-8-48
9-5-50
8-8-48

12

is 8 - 8 -48
is 8 - 8 -48
1 6 8 - 8 -56
8
8-8-48
li

3
3

64 2
2

li
2
2

9 - 9 -54
8-8-48

55.0
68.0

H
li

2

B o l ls .
2 29.70

9-9-54
8-8-48

12

32.64
2 30.00
2 33.00

8-8-48
8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48

28.50 9 - 5 - 5 0
57.0
62.0
29.76 8 - 8 - 4 8
66.0 .65 36.30 1 0 - 5 - 5 5
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
68.0
57.5
68.0

(67)

(6
7)

2 27.60 w 8 - 8 -48
*32.64 W & - 8 -48
(67)
<
w)
(67)
(w)

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
69 80.0
35.20
2
2
8-4-44
65.0
31.20 8 - 8 - 4 8
All-round men.............
12
85.0
40.80
32.40 8 - 8 - 4 8
Breweries.....................
8-8-48
67.5
li
li
41.80
Outside.........................
95.0
8-4-44
37.40 8 - 4 - 4 4
2
2
85.0
12
53.0
2
20.64 70 8 - 8 - 4 8
23.32
2
8-4-44
43.0
Specialists....................
12
86.0
37.84
"Tool and die makers..
2
2
8-4-44
71.0
34.08 70 8 - 8 -48
12
68.0
68.0
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
Railroad shops............
32.64
8-8-48
li
li
Cincinnati, Ohio:
50.0 2 24.00
n
42.0 2 20.16 i* 8 - 8 -4 8
2
All-round men.............
12 8 - 8 -48
*37.5 2 18.75
1
37.5
18.75 8 * - 8 i-50
Automobile..................
l"
8* - 8*-50
20.40 8 - 8 - 4 8
65.0
31.20 ii ii 712
8 -8 -4 8
42.5
Breweries......................
55.0
2 0 . 16 8 - 8 - 4 8
26.40 47 11
2
8 - 8 - 4 8 .........
42.0
Jobbing shops.............
2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
1 Double time after midnight.
1
12 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
is 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
« Double time after 10 p. m.
62 Hours vary, but total 54 per week. v
8 Nominal rate. All received more; 65 to 80 cents per hour.
0
6 Double time after midnight and on Saturdays after 4 p. m.
1
62 Scale became 80 cents on June 1,1919.
® 4 hours on Saturdays. 46£ per week, June to August, inclusive.
« For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
6 33 per cent received 6 cents per hour more than the scale.
5
6 Scale became 81.3 cents on Aug. 9,1919.
«
6 Not organized on May 15,1918.
7
681 day off every two weeks.
6» Scale became 95 cents on Sept. 22,1919.
4 hours on Saturdays, 44 hours per week, June to September, inclusive.
71 For Sundays, July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas; other holidays, regular rate.




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

177

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRA D E S— Continued.
MAC H IN IST S—Continued.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

NORTH CENTRAL—contd.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
week,
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

111.:

C ents.

8-8-48
8i - 8i-51

50.0
49.0

24.00
25.00

2

1 8 - 8 -48
2
8-8-48

60.0

28.80 12 8 - 8 -48
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8

li
2
2
2
2

li

9-5-50
8-4-44
9-5-50
8-8-48
8-8-48

li

9-5-50
8-8-48

2

68.0

32.49

li

li

65.0
65.0
85.0

li
li
li
li

68.0
68.0

36.72
32.64

11 l i

2

li

li

85.0
42.50
85.0
46.75
90.0
43.20
85.0
45.90
85.0 . 2 40.80
85.0 2 40. 80
85.0 2 40.80
100.0
48.00
68.0
32.64

li
li
li
li
li
li
li
H

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

li

li

27.00
35.10
2 35.10
31.20
32.64

li
li
li
li
li
li

33.60
33.60
32.64

ii l i
« li
li

2
2

2 36.00
36.00
38.50
40.80
32.64
32.49

11 l i
11 l i
11 l i
11 l i

2
2
2
2

68.0
12
12

68.0

70.0
70.0
68.0

75.0
75.0
87.5
85.0
68.0
68.0

2 24.00

li
li

30.00
37.40

60.0
85.0
40.0
70.0

20.00

35.00
32.64

68.0
12

40.0
68.0

2
2
2

68.0

31.20
31.20
40.80
32.64

50.0
50.0
65.0
65.0
65.0

D o lls .

2
1

2 19. 80
32.64




-1 2

9 - 4i-49i
8-8-48

68.0

32.49 s 8 - 7 -47

60.0
65.0
70.0

33.00 1 0 - 5 -55
31.20 8 - 8 - 4 8
33.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8

9-9-54
8-8-48

55.0

68.0
68.0

9-5-50
1 0 - 5 -55
8-8-48
9-9-54
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

12
12

2
l i 7 9 - 9 -54
8-8-48
7 9 - 9 -54
2
it 72 9 _ 9 _54
8-8-48
2
8-8-48
li

3

100.0
68.0

2

li

li
li

3
3

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48
5 8 - 7 -47

75.0
72.5
80.0
72.5
80.0
77.5
70.0

52.5
62.5
68.0

12

29.70
32.64

9-9-54
8-8-48

37.50

9-5-50

2 39.88 1 0 - 5 -55

38.40
2 39.15
2 38. 40
2 37. 20
33.60
48.00
32.64

8-8-48
9-9-54
8-8-48
8 - 8 -4&
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

35.0 2 20.65 7310 - 9 -59
3
35.0 2 16.80 8 - 8 -48,
60.0 2 32.40 9 - 9 - 5 4
60.0 2 35.40 7310 - 9 -59
28.80 8 - 8 - 4 8
60.0
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
68.0

75.0
75.0
62.5
78.0
68.0
68.0

72 5 hours on Saturdays, 50 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
73 5 hours on Saturdays, 55 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.

172259°—20—BulL 274-

9-5-50
8-4-44
9-5-50
9-5-50
8-8-48

5 8 - 7 -47

2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
s Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.

Double time after 10 p. m.

8-8-48
8i - 8i-51

i2 8 - 8 -48
12 8 - 8 -48
12 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
li

11 Double time after midnight.
12 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
23 Nominal rare. All received more; amount not reported.
*7

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

B egu h % rrate
m u lti 'plied

by
Cincinnati, Ohio—Concld. C en ts. D o lls .
7
60.0
28.80 4 i f
Outside.................................
1
58.8
30.00
Sewing-machine adjusters
Tool and die makers,
70.0
33.60
manufacturing shops.. .
li
68.0
32.64
Railroad shops..........
li
Cleveland, Ohio:
60.0
30.00 ii l i
Manufacturing shops
85.0
37.40 11 l i
Outside........................
45.0
22.50 11 l i
Specialists...................
36.00 ii l i
75.0
Tool and die makers.
68.0
32.64 . l i
Railroad shops..........
Columbus, Ohio:
68.0 2 34.00 11 l i
Manufacturing shops
68.0
32.64
Railroad shops...................
li
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island,

Railroad shops....................
Dayton, Ohio:
All-round men....................
Lathe hands........................
Toolmakers..........................
Railroad shops....................
Des Moines, Iowa:
Manufacturing shops........
Railroad shops....................
Detroit, Mich.:
All-round men A .................
All-round men B .................
Outside.................................
Jobbing shops.....................
Tool and die makers A ___
Tool and die makers B . . . ;
Tool and die makers C . . . .
Tool and die makers D —
Railroad shops.........
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Manufacturing shops B . . .
Manufacturing shops C----Tool and die makers A ----Tool and die makers B —
Tool and die makers C___
Railroad shops...........
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Breweries....................
Manufacturing shops,
Railroad shops...........
Kansas City, Mo.:
Breweries....................
Manufacturing shops
Outside........................
Tool and die makers.
Railroad shops A —
Railroad shops B ___

May 15, 1918.

25.20
30.00
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

36.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
36.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
27.50 8 - 4 - 4 4
37.44 8 - 8 - 4 8
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
32.49 &8 - 7 -47'

178

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TilADES—Continued.
M AC H IN IST S—Continued.

May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

1

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.

Milwaukee, W is.:
Breweries...........................
Railroad sho]
Minneapolis,
Manufacturing shops
Railroad shops..................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Manufacturing.shops....... .
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops...................... .
Railroad shops*................
Peoria, 111.:
Jobbing shops................... .
Railroad shops.................. .
St. Louis? Mo.:
Breweries*...........................
Manufacturing shops____
Outside............................... .
Printing machinery and
repair shop..................... .
Specialists.......................... .
Tool and die makers.........
Railroad shops A ..............
Railroad shops B .............. .
St. Paul, Minn.:
All-round men....................
Railroad shops..................
Toledo, Ohio:
All-round men....................
Die sinkers.........................
Die^rimmers.....................
Specialists.......................... .
Tool and die makers........
Railroad shops..................
Wichita, Kans.:
Railroad shops.................. .
Youngstown, Ohio:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops...................... .
Railroad shops...................

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber ol
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat-Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C ents.

D o lls .

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
by—

65.0
68.0

28.60
32.64

7 if
4
1 li
1

2
li

8 - 4 -44
8 - 8 -48

72.5
68.0

34.80
32.64

ii li
111*

2.
li

12

Gents*

D oU s.

24.20
32.64

8-4-44
8-8-48

40.0
68.0

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

55.0
68.0

21.60
32.64

9. - 9. -54
8-8-48

io 70.0

33.60

1111

li

8 - 8 - -48-

60.0

28.80

8-8-48

i« 70.0
68.0

33.60
32.64

li
l*

li
li

8-8-48
8 - 8- -48

60.0
68.0

2 28.80
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

75.0
68.0

36.00
32.64

2
li

2
li

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

55.0
68.0

2 26.40
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

75.0
70.0
85.0

36.00

75 11

2 33.60

37.40

7 1§
»
2

2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 4 -44

57.5
60.0
75.0

27.60
2 28.80
33.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44

70.0
56.0
75.0
68.0
68.0

30.80
26.88
2 36.00
32.64
32.49

ii 1J
7
&H
7 1h
&
76 li
U

2
2
2
li
1

8-4-44
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
» 8 —7 —
47

72.5
68.0

34.80
32.64

1 li
1
1 li
1

2
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

60.0
91.5
70.0
50.0
65.0
68.0

28.80
43.92
33.60
24.00
2 31.20
32.64

7 li
7
7 li
7
7 li
7
7 li
7
7 li
7
li

2 * 8-8-48
2.
8-8-48
2
8 —8 —
48‘
2
8-8-48
2
8-8-48
8-8-48
li

68.0 :

32.49

li

80.0
68.0

44.00
32.64

li
li

68.0
68.0

2 3 2. 6 4
3 2.6 4

70.0

3 0 .8 0

7 li
8
2

12

li

1 0 - 5 -5 5
8 -8 -4 8

m
li

2
li

1« l i

2

8 -4 -4 4

9-9-54
8-8-48

28.80
39.12
32.40
24.00
31.20
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

32.49 5 8 - 7 -47

65.0
68.0

32.50
32.64

9-5-50

60.0
68.0

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

21.60
32.64

68.0
12

26.40 8 - 4 - 4 4
21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
31.20 8 - 8 - 4 8
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
32.49 5 8 - 7 -47

60.0
81.5
67.5
50.0
65.0
68.0

5 8 - 7 -47

60.0
45.0
65.0
68.0
68.0
40.0
68.0

12

32.40
32.64

9 -9 -5 4
8 -8 -4 8

8 -8 -4 8

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing...................................
Railroad shops...................
Dallas, Tex.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops...................... .




12

(15)

2More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
5Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.
1 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
0
1 Double time after midnight.
1
« No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
Double time after 4 hours.
7 Double time after 21iours.
4
Time and one-half for 4 hours* double time thereafter.
7 In some shops double time after 8 hours.
6
7 Double time after 3 hours.
7
7 W ith a minimum of 5 hours’ pay for 3J hours' work or less;
8

(15J>

(16)

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 179
T able

A__ UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
M ACH IN ISTS—Concluded.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For

Per
hour.

Per
For Sun­
weak, over­ days
full
time.

time.

and
holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
full
half hour.
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

SOUTH CENTRAL— concld.
R e g u l 'ar rat&
muU\Iplied
Houston, Tex,:
.
by u—
Manufacturing and job­ C ents. D o lls .
72.5
34.80 a i i
2
bing shops A ................. .
Manufacturing and job­
72.5
bing shops B ..................
39.15
li
li
Manumcturing and job­
43.50
72.5
bing shops C . . . , .............
li
ii
9
32.64 7 1£
68.0
Railroad shops...................
ii
Little Rock, Ark.:
68.0
32.64
Manufacturing shops........
li
li
32.49
68.0
Railroad shops...................
li
li
Louisville, K y ,:
6& 0
32.64
Railroad shops...................
li
li
Memphis, Tenn.:
71.5
2
34.32 u l i
Manufacturing shops........
32.64
68.0
Railroad s hops...................
G
ii
Nashville, Tenn.:
70.0 2 33.60
2
Manufacturing shops........
li
68.0
32.64
Railroad shops................. .
li
li
New Orleans, La.:
2
2
80.0
38.40
Manufacturing shops........
2
2
80.0
Outside................................
38.40
32.64
68.0
Railroad shops...................
li
li

C ents.

D o lls .

8 - 8 -48

40.0

21.60

9-9-54

9 - 9 -54

40.0

21.60

9-9-54

10 -10 >60
8-8-48

40.0
68.0

24.00 10 -10 -60
32:64 8 - 8 - 4 8

8-8-48
» 8 - 7 -47

60.0
68.0

32.40
32.64

9-9-54
8-8-48

8 —8 —
48

68.0

32.64

8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

55.0
68.0

26.40
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

65.0
68.0

31.20
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

68.8
75.0
68.0

33.00
36.00
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

75.0
87.5
68.0

36.00
38.50
32.64

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48

52.0
68.0

24.96
32.64

8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5

30.00

8-8-48

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont.:
Contract shops, mines,
smelters, and concen­
trators..............................
Outside................................
Railroad shops...................
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops____
Railroad shops................. .
Los Angeles, Calif.:
Breweries............................
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops........................
Salt Lake City, Utah.:
Manufacturing shops........
Railroad shops...................
San Francisco, Calif.:
All-round men and tool
and die makers...............
Specialists...........................
Seattle, Wash.:
Railroad shops...................
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops........................
Spokane, Wash.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops........................
Railroad shops...................

68.8
m o
68.0

33.00
44.00
32.64

li
li
li

8 1|
0
2
li

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48

68.0
68.0

32.64
32.64

“ li
li

2
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

68.8

30.25

7 li
7

2

8-4-44

12

80.0

35.20

2

2

8-4-44

12

75.0

36.00 si 8 - 8 -48

75.0
68.0

33.00
32.64

2
li

2
li

8-4-44
8-8-48

12

62.5
68.0

m oo
32.64

80.0
62.0

35.20
27.28

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

72.5
55.0

1
34.80 8 8 - 8 -48
26.40 a 8 - 8 -48

68.0

32.64

1 li
1

li

8-8-48

80.0

2 35.20

2

2

8-4-44

75.0
68.0

36.00
32.64

2
iil|

2
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

12

8-8-48

68.0
12

32.64

75.0

2
36.00 8 8 - 8 -48

75.0
68.0

36.00
32.64

2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
5 Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes,
u Double time after midnight.
7 Double time after 3 hours.
7
7* Time and one-half after 1 hour.
8 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
0
8 4 hours on Saturday, 44 per week, June to August, inclusive.
1
8 4 hours on Saturday, 44 per week, May 18 to Sept. 17, inclusive.
2




8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

180

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M E T A L T R A D E S — C o n tin u e d .
M A C H IN IST S’ H E L P E R S.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
Sun­
week,
For days
over­ and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l a r ra te
m ulti iplied

C ents. D o l l s .
Boston, Mass.:
45.5
21.84
Railroad shops A ...............
21.84
45.5
Railroad shops B ...............
Buffalo, N . Y . :
42.0
22.68
Manufacturing shops A . ..
42.0 2 20.16
Manufacturing shops B . . .
55.0
24.20
Outside................................
Newark, N. J .:
3
26.50
Breweries........................... 8 55.2
55.0
24.20
Outside.................................
New Haven, Conn.:
45.0
Outside................................
21.60
45.0 8 21.60
4
Railroad shops...................
New York, N. Y .:
62.5
Manufacturing shops.........
30.00
62.5
27.50
Outside................................
Pittsburgh, P a.:
45.0
Railroad shops...................
21.60
Portland, M e.:
Railroad shops...................
45.0
21.60
Providence, R . I . :
37.5 23 18.00
Breweries............................
45.0
21.60
Railroad shops...................
Springfield, Mass. :
45.0
Railroad shops
...........
21.60
Worcester, Mass.:
Railroad shops...................
45.0
21.60

by

li
li

Cents.

0
l i 2 8 - 7 -47
8-8-48
li

D o lls .

45.0
45.0

21.60
21.60

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

4 li
7
2

2
2
2

9-9-54
8-8-48
.8-4-44

12

40.0
40.0
55.0

21.60
19.20
24.20

9-9-54
8-8-48
8-4-44

li
2

2
2

8-8-48
8-4-44

12

49.0
50.0

23.50
22.00

8 - 8 -48
8-4-44

45.0
8 45.0
4

21.60
21.60

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

43.8
43.8

21.00
19.25

8-8-48
8-4-44

47 1£

ii l i
li

2
8-8-48
li 20 8 - 7 -47

si ii
2

2
2

8-8-48
8-4-44

12

li

li

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

li

li

8 - 8 -48

45. 0

21.60

8 - 8 -48

2
li

2
8-8-48
l i 20 8 - 7 -47

37.5
45.0

18.00
21.60

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

li

li

8 - 8 -48

45.0

21.60

8 - 8 -48

li

li

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

2

2

85 8 i- 5^-48

46.0

22.08

8J- 5-i-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

38.0
45.0
45.0

18.24
21.60
21.60

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

45.0

19.80

8-4-44
8-8-48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Norfolk, Va.:
Manufacturing shops........
Portsmouth, Va.:
Railroad shops...................

12

54.0

25.92

45.0

21.60

li

li

8-8-48

48.0
45.0
46.5

21.12
21.60
22.32

2
8 ^
6
8 li
6

2
li
li

8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48

45.0

21.60

li

li

8-8-48

45.0

19.80

1 li
1

2

8-4-44

45.0

21.60

H

li

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

46.5

22.22

li

li

5 8 - 7 -47

45.0

21.50 5 8 - 7 -47

45.0

21.60

li

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing shops........
Railroad shops A ...............
Railroad shops B ...............
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Railroad shops...................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Outside.................................
Columbus, Ohio:
Railroad shops..................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111.:
Railroad shops...................
Dayton, Ohio:

12

12

45.0
21.60
H 8 — 8—48
2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
5 Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes,
ii Double time after midnight.
20 Work 47 hours, paid for 48.
23 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
« Double time after 10 p. m.
M Double time after 9 p. m.
83 Scale became 63.5 cents on July 1,1919.
25 per cent received from i to l i cents per hour more than the scale.
8 4 hours on Saturday, 46i per week, June to August, inclusive.
5
After 1 hour, 5 hours’ pay for 3j hours’ work or less.




8-8-48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 8 1
T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
M A C H IN IST ’S H E L PER S—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

F or

Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL—COndd.
Detroit, Mich.:
Railroad shops.................
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Railroad shops................. .
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Railroad shops................. .
Kansas City, Mo.:
Breweries............................
Outside................................
Railroad shops A ...............
Railroad shops B ............. .
Railroad shops C ...............
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Railroad shops...................
Peoria, 111.:
Railroad shops...................
St. Louis, Mo. :
Railroad shops A ..................
Railroad shops B ...............
Railroad shops F ..............
Railroad shops G ..............
St. Paul, Minn.:
Railroad shops...................
Toledo, Ohio:
Railroad shops...................
Wichita, Kans.:
Railroad shops...................
Railroad shops, running
repairmen........................
Youngstown, Ohio:
Railroad shops...................

45.0

21.60

45.0

For
over­
time.

Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
urday Per
Full week.
half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u i a r ra te
m u lti Iplied
by

C ents.

14

14

8-8-48

21.60

n

14

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

14

14

8-8-48

50.0
50.0
45.0
45.0
45.0

24.00
22.00
21.60
21.50
21.50

11 14
11 14

14
14
14

2
2
14
14
14

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48
5 8 - 7 -47
5 8 - 7 -47

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

45.0

21.60

(15)

(15)

8-8-48
(1
5)

45.0
12

21.60

50.0
50.0
45.0
45.0
45.0

24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
22.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.50 &8 - 7 -47

8 - 8 -4a

45.0

21.60

1114

14

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

14

14

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

45.0
45.0
46.0
46.5

21.60
21.50
22.08
22.22

87

14
14
14
14

8 —8 —
48
14
14 5 8 - 7 -47
8-8-48
14
14 5 8 - 7 -47

45.0

21.60

ii 14

14

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

14

14

8-8-48

9
45.0 8 21.50

14

8 1J * 8 - 7 - 4 7
8

45.0

21.50 5 8 - 7 -4 7

46.0

21.98

14

8 1J
8

45.0

21.60

14

14

45.0
46.5

21.50
22.22

14
14

if

45.0

21.60

14

56.3

27.00

45.0
45.0
49.0

21.60
21.60
23.52

50.0

22.00

58.0

25.52

45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0

21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
2 21.50 5 8 - 7 -47
21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.50 5 8 - 7 -47

45.0
(15)

21.60
(15)

8 —8 —
48
( 15)

7 -47

45.0

21.50 5 8 - 7 -47

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48

8 - 7 -47
&8 —7 -47

45.0
45.0

21.60
21.60

8 - 8 -4a
8-8-48

14

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8-8-48.

14

901|

8-8-48

62.5

30.00

8-8-48-

1114

2
14
14

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

34.0
45.0
49.0

16.32
21.60
23.52

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

77 n

2

8-4-44

12

50.0

24.00

8-8-48

2

2

8-4-44

12

53.1

25.50 is 8 - 8 -4a

6s -

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Little Rock, Ark.:
Railroad shops B .
Railroad shops C .
Louisville K y.:
Railroad shops. . .

s

W ESTERN.

Butte, Mont............................
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops........
Railroad shops A ...............
Railroad shops B ...............
Los Angeles, Calif.:
Breweries........................... .
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops......................

14
14

2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.

6 Work 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.
11 Double time after midnight.

No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
is 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
7 Double time after 3 hours.
7
8 In some shops double time after 8 hours.
7
8 With a minimum of 5 hours’ pay for 3J hours’ work or less.
8
8» 50 per cent received 1 cent per hour more than the scale.
® For Sundays; for July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas, double time.
°




182

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M E T A 1 TBA D E S— Continued.
MACHIHXSTS' H X L F E B S —Concluded.
May 15,1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hoar.

Per
week,
full
time.

C en ts.

D o lls .

western —concluded.

Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing shops___
Railroad shops.................
San Francisco, Calif.:
Manufacturing* and job­
bing shops......................
Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops......................
Railroad shops.................
Spokane, Wash.:
Railroad shops.................

53.1.
49.0

23.36
23.52

58.0

25.52
21.60s

45.0

21.60

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied
by—

2
li

2

25.52

58.0
45.0

For
For Sun­
days
over­
time. and
holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

li

C ents.

8-4-44
8-8-48

12

40.6
45..0

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

19.50
21.

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-4-44

49.5

23.76

2
1 li
1

8-4-44
8-8-48

50.0
45.0

24.00 19 8 - 8 -48
21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8

1 li
1

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

M ETAL PO LISHERS A N D BU FFERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
30.00

li

2

0
0

12

46.9

22.50

8§- 4f-48

42.0
42.0

20.16
18.48

li
li

2
2

8§- 4§-48
8-4-44

12
12

34.6
40.0

16.61
19.20

8 f- 4f-48
8-8-48

a
9150.0 2 27.00
92 50. 0
25.50

ii
li

n

ii

9-9-54
9 i- 4*^51

12

40.0 23 21.60 9 - 9 -54
36.0 23 19. 80 1 0 - 5 -55

65.0
35.75
33.80
65.0
65.0
32.18
65.0
32.50
65.0
31.20
21.60
M45.0
70.0 93 33.60
33.60
70.0

li
li
li
li
li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2
2
li
2
2

1 0 - 5 -55
9 i- 4i-52
9 - 4i-49i
9-5-50
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

9 55.0
5
9 73.3
6

30.25
35.20

li
li

2 9510 - 5 -55
2
8-8-48

65.0
65.0

31.20
28.60
30.80
30.80

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

9 65.0 9 31.20
9
3

n
ii
ii
ii

97 70.0
98 70.0

48.0
58.0
60.0]

28.04
27.84
30.00

1

62.5

1
M
M
0
0

Boston, Mass...........
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Shops A .................
Shops B .................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Shops A .................
Shops B .................
Newark, N. J.:
Shops A .................
Shops B .................
Shops E .................
Shops G .................
Shops H ................
New Haven, Conn..
New York, N. Y __
D o.......................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Shops A .................
Shops B .................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Shops A .................
Shops C .................
Shops D .................
Jobbing shops___
Rochester, N. Y .:
Shops A .........
Springfield, Mass.:
Shops A .................
Shops B .................
Shops C.................

12
12
12
12

55.0
30.25 1 0 - 5 - 5 5
56.0
29.12 9 i- 4i-52
50.0
24.75 9 - 4i-49i
60.0 9 30.00 9 - 5 - 5 0
3
65.0
31.20 8 - 8 - 4 8
42.0 9 23.10 1 0 - 5 -55
3
70.0
33.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
70.0
33.60 8 - 8 - 4 8

12

40.0
64.6

22.00 1 0 - 5 -55
31.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

54.0
60.0
60.0
60.0

29.16
26.40
28.80
26.48

9-9-54
8-4-44
84- 4 -48
8-4-44

2

8 f- 4J-48

12

57.5

28.46

9 - 4i~49i

2
.2
2

8§- 4§-48
88- 4|-48
9-5-50

12
12
12

48.0
58.0
60.0

23.04
27.84
30.00

8f~ 42-48
8 f- 4|-48
9-5-50

h Double time after midnight.
la 44 hours per week. May 18 to Sept. 17, inclusive.
4 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
3
Scale became 60 cents on July 1,1919.
9 Scale became 58 cents on July 1,1919.
2
More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
Scale became 50 cents on July 15,1919.
w Scale became 65 cents per hour and 48 hours per week on Oct. 1,1949.
9« Scale became 79.2 cents on Aug. 18,1919.
9 Scale became 75 cents on Sept. 2,1919.
7
9 Scale became 80 cents on Sept. 2,1919.
8
9 Scale became 7 $ c e n t s on Sept. l , i<&9.
9




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 8 3
Tabms A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
METAL POLISHERS AND BUFFERS -Concluded.
May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per

bw.

Per
week,

fall

time.

time. and

holi­
days.

Regular rate
multiplied

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, Md......................

For
For Sun­
over­ days

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Hours:
with
Full days;
Full days, Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per
Full w
eeks. half hour. week, Full week.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C ents.

Cents. Dolls.

B o l ls .

50.0 23 24.001

50.0 ^ 24.00

8-8-48

8 -8 -4 8

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 1 ........................
11
Cincinnati, Ohio...................
Jobbing shops...................
Cleveland, Ohio...................
Columbus, Ohio...................
Davenport,
Iowa,
and
Moline and Rock Island,

111
...................................

Dayton, Ohio.......................
Detroit, Mich.:
Shops A ..............................
Shops B ..............................
Shops C..............................
Shops D ..............................
Grand Rapids, Mieh. . . . . . .
Indianapolis, Ind...............
Kansas City, Mo.................
Milwaukee, W is...................
Toledo, Ohio........................

70.0
63.0
60.0
<62.5
55.0

i 30.80
30.24
28.80
30.00
26.40

21
1
2li
li
li

66.7
60.0

32.00
33.00

n
ii

792.5
792.5
792.5
792.5
ii 55.6
io 50.0
67.0
62.5
80.0

49.95
44.40
46.25
44.40
30.00
24.00
32.16
31.25
38.40

ii

65.0
80.0
80.0

31.20
35-20

4 -44
8- 48
8 -48
3 8 - 8 -48
3 8 - 8 -48

38 -

38 - 8
810 • 5

-48
-55

9-9-54
8 f- 41-48
9-5-50
8 f- 4J-48
9-9-54
3 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
9-5-50
8-8-48

i‘
ii

ii
li
li
2 li
li
li

12

12
12
12
12

12

56.0 9 26.88 8|- 41-48
3
45.0
23.63 9 i- 5 -52*
50.0
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
26.40 3 8 - 8 -48
55.0
37.5
20.63 1 0 - 5 -55
66.7
50.0

36.00 5 9 - 9 -54
27.50 1 0 - 5 -55

63.0
37.80 10 -10 -60
36.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
66.7
63.0
34.02 s 9 - 9 -54
31.50 9 - 5 - 5 0
63.0
50.0
27.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
45.0 93 22.50 9 - 5 - 5 0
28.80 8 - 8 - 4 8
60.0
3
50.0 9 24.75 9 - 4i-49i
55.0
27.50 9 - 5 - 5 0

WESTERN.

65.0
72.5
72.5

31.20
-8-48
12
!
34. 801 8 - 8 -48
34.80 12 8 - 8 -48

58.3
41.7
58.3
50.0

31.50
22.50
31.50
27.00

9-0-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

2
55.6 9 30.00
3
8-8-48
li
2
12
56.0
28.00
8J- 5i-48
li
2
8 * 8 -48
52.8 9» 28.50
if
2
68.8
8-8-48
33.00
if
167 per cent received from 6 to 10 cents per hour more than the scale.
2 Double time after midnight.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
« Scale became 90 cents on July 1,1919.
6 50 hours per week, June to August, inclusive,
e 48 hours per week in some shops.
7 Scale became $1 on July 1,1919.
s 50 hours per week, November to February, inclusive.
1 Scale became 60 cents on June 1, and 70 cents (H Aug. 1,1919.
0
i
1 Scale became 60 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
1
1 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive,
2
is Scale became 64.4 cents on July 1,1919.
n Scale became 75 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on Sept. 15,1919.
75 per cent received from 6.2 to 18.7 cents per hour more than the scale.
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
3
9 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
3

9-9-54
9-5-50
9-9-54
8-8-48

Los Angeles, Calif...........
San Francisco, Calif...........
Seattle, W ash.......................

8 - 8 -48
8-4-44
8-4-44

35.20

MOLDERS, IRON.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.........
Bridgeport, Conn..
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Fall River, Mass...
Newark, N. J.:
Iron......................
Brass....................
New York, N. Y. . .
Philadelphia, Pa..




1 58.3
3
72.5
H58.3
65.6

31.50
34.80
31.50
31.50

75.0
36.00
72.5
34.80
75.0
36.00
68.8 i®33.00

li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2

9-9-54
. 8-8-48
u 9 - 9 -54
8-8-48

184

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TB A D E S— Continued.
MOLDERS, IKON—Continued.
May 15,1919.

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u l a r ra te
m u l t iplied
by
2
li
2
li
2
li
2
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
17 9 _ 9 -54

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC— concld.

75.0
36.00
Pittsburgh, Pa......................
72.5
Portland, Me..........................
34.80
71.9
31.63
Providence, R. I ....................
Rochester ,N . Y ..................... 17 62.7 is 33.84
Scranton, Pa.:
65.0 is 31.20
Machinery..........................
Hot-water and steam
71.9 is 34.50
heating............................
72.5
Springfield, Mass...................
34.80
58.3
31.50
Worcester, Mass..................

May 15, 1918.

C ents.

i2

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

65.6
31.50
55.6
30.00
22.00
40 0
5
58.3 1 31.50

8-8-48
9-9-54
1 0 - 5 -55
9-9-54

li

2

8-8-48

55.6

30.00

9-9-54

1*
11

2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
9-9-54

58.3
55.6
50.0

31.50
30.00
27.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

2

li
li

2
2
2

12 g _ g -48

50.0
27.00
68.8 1 33.00
5
52.0
26.00

9-9-54
8-8-48
9-5-50

37.80
32.64
33.00

li
li
li

2
2
2

9 - 9 -54
8-8-48
8-8-48

58.3 is 31.50
32.64
33.00

9-9-54
8-8-48
8-8-48

80.0
38.40
Chicago, 111...............
58.3
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
31.50
30.56
Cleveland, Ohio..................... is 61.1
58.3
Columbus, Ohio...................
31.50
70.0
Dayton, Ohio..........................
33.60
60.0
Des Moines, Iowa
. . . .
32.40
80.0
Detroit, Mich..........................
38.40
i
30.00
Grand Rapids, Mich ......... 2 55.6
30.00
Indianapolis, I n d ................. 22 55.6
67.5
32.40
Kansas City, Mo ...............
Minneapolis, Minn
...........
72.5
34.80
68.0
32.64
Omaha, Nebr ....................
66.7
36.00
Peoria, 111............... ................
75.0
36.00
St. Louis, Mo ......................
72.5
34.80
St. Paul, Minn
. ..
61.1
33.00
Toledo, Ohio..........................
55.6 2 30.00
5
Youngstown, Ohio................

1*

li

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga...................
Baltimore, Md........................
Norfolk, Va.............................
Richmond, Va.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops.........
Railroad shops................
Washington, D. C.................

70.0
37.80
68.8 is 33.00
80.0
38.40
70.0
68.0
68.8

9-9-54
8-8-48
3

68.0
68.8

NORTH CENTRAL.

68.8
2
8 - 8 -4 8
33.00
8-8-48
55.6
30/00
2
9-9-54
9-9-54
li
9
,4
61.1
30.56 2 9 - 5 -50
«
l i 1 2 20 9 - 5 -50
58.3
9-9-54
2
9-9-54
31.50
if
30.00
55.6
2
8-8-48
9 - 9 -54
ii
27.00
9-9-54
9-9-54
50.0
2
ii
61.1
33.00
9 - 9 . -54
2
8-8-48
ii
9-9-54
44.4
24.00
1*
2
9-9-54
30.00
9-9-54
55.6
2 22 9 _ 9 _54
ii
9-9-54
60.0
32.40
8-8-48
2
ii
9-9-54
55.6
30.00
8-8-48
2
ii
55.6
30.00 24 9 - 9 -54
8-8-48
2
ii
9-9-54
55.6
30.00
9-9-54
2
ii
9-9-54
61.1
33.00
8-8-48
2
1*
9 - 9 -54
8-8-48
55.6
30.00
2
ii
9-9-54
- 9 - 9 -54
44.4
24.00
2
ii
55.6
30.00
9-9-54
2 » 9 - 9 -54
li
12 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
15 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
17 Scale became 71.9 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on June 1,1919.
18 Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1919.
19 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon, May to October, inclusive.
20 9 hours on Saturday, 54 per week, November to April, inclusive. Scale became 48 hours per week,
September to April, inclusive, and 44 hours per week, May to August, inclusive, on June 1,1919.
2 Scale became 58.3 cents on June 1, and 61.1 cents on Aug. 8,1919.
1
22 Scale became 65.9 cents per hour and 51 hours per week on June 27, and 75 cents per hour and 48
hours per week on Sept. 1,1919.
2» Scale became 72.5 cents on June 15,1919.
2 49J hours per week, May 15 to Sept. 15, inclusive.
4
* Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
-e Scale became 8 hours per day and 48 per week on July 1,1919.




U N IO N

T a b le

S C A L E

O F

W A G E S

A N D

H O U R S

O F

L A B O R ,

M A Y

15,

185

1919.

A ,— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TR A D E S— Continued.
M OLDERS, IRON—Concluded.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week,
days
over­ and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

Cents.

D o lls .

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.:
Manufacturing shops A
Manufacturing shops D,
Manufacturing shops E
Manufacturing shops F
Houston, Tex...................
Little Rock, Ark..............
Louisville, £ y .:
Manufacturing shops..
Railroad shops..............
Memphis, Tenn................
Nashville, Tenn.:
Manufacturing shops..
Railroad shops..............
New Orleans, L a.............

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u la r ra te
rn u ltip lied
by-

34.56
72.0
75.0 is 40.50
32.64
68.0
33.60
70.0
34.
72.5
36. 72
68.0

C ents.

8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
9-9-54

32.64
36. 72

36.00
36.00
38.50

8-8-48
3i 8 - 8 -48
8-4-44

75.0
68. C
80.0
87.5

36.00
32.64
35.20
38.5C

•8
•8
■4
■4

(28)

9-9-54

45.0 is 24.30

9-9-54

30.24

9-9-54

50.0
68.0
62.5

8 - 8 -18
8-8-48
8-8-48

75.0
0 75.0
87.5

10 -10 -60
9-9-54
8-8-48
9-9-54

5C.0

9-9-54
8-8-48
9-9-54

5
68.0 1 32.64
68.0
3?.64
38.40
80.0

D o lls .

43.20
72.0
66.7
36.00
56.3 -27.00
44.4 is 24.00
(28)
(28)
44.4
24.00

27 9 _ 9 -5 4

45.0 is 24.30

68.0
68.0

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

24.00
32.64
30.00

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

39.00
81.3
28.50
59.4
5
72.5 1 34. 80

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

(29)

(29)

(29)

W ESTERN.

Butte, Mont......................
Denver, C o lo ...*.............
Portland, Oreg.................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing shops..
Railroad shops..............
San Francisco, Calif........
Seattle, Wash........ : .........

31 3

12

—
48
-48
-44
-44

62.5
68.0
72.5
82.1

30.00
8-8-48
32.64
8-8-48
34.80 12 8 - 8 -48
2
4$
39.60 3 8 - 8 —

37.50
38.40

P A T T E R N M A K E R S , W OOD.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Manufacturing shops.
Jobbing shops.............
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Manufacturing shops.
Jobbing shops.............
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops A ...
Manufacturing shops B . . .
Manufacturing shops C . . .
Manufacturing shops D . .
Jobbing shops...................
Newark, N. J.:
Manufacturing shops.......
Jobbing shops
New Haven, Coi

43.00
43.20

n
2

n

9-5-50
8-8-48

12

2

75.0
80.0

85.0
90.0

40.80
43.20

n

H

2
2

8|- 41-48
8|- 4*-48

12
12

5
75.0 1 36.00
80.0
38.40

S I-

90.0
90.0
90.0
90.0
100.0

43.20
45.00
45.90
43.20
44.00

2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2

33 8 i- 8^-51

8-8-48
9-5-50

12

8-8-48
8-4-44

12

73.0
39. 42
75.0
37.50
36.72
72.0
75.0
36.00
72.5 is 31.90

9-9-54
9-5-50
8 i- 8i-51
8-8-48
8-4-44

80.0
100.0
68.0

38. 40
44.00
34.00.

2
2

2
2
2

81- 41-48
8-4-44
9-5-50

12
12
12

75.0
80.0
60.0

8 f- 41-48
8-4-44
9-5-50

u

1 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
2
is More chan half received more than the scale: amount not reported.
27 Scale became 48 hours per week on June 1,1919.
2 No scale m effect on May 15,1919.
8
» Not organized on May 15,1918.
3 Scale became 80 cents on June 15,1919.
0
8 Full holiday every other Saturday, June to August, inclusive.
1
82 44 hours per week, May 15 to Sept. 15, inclusive.
3« Scale became 8 hours per day on Aug. 21,1919.




9-5-50
8 f- 4i-48

86.0
90.0

36.00
35.20
30.00

8 i- 41-48
41-48

186

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

TA3& A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
B
M E T A 1 TRADES —Continued.
P A T T E R N M AK ER S, W OOD—Continued.
May 15,1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC—concld.
New York, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops A . .
Manufacturing shops B ..
Manufacturing shops C . .
Manufacturing shops-D..
Jobbing shops*...................
Architectural wormwood.
Architectural work, plas-

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.
R e su lt dr ra te
muli\ Iplied
by

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C en ts .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8 f- 4J-48
8 - 4 -44.
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12
12

90.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
85.0
75.0

39.60 8 - 4 - 4 4
36.00 8|- 4i-48
36.00 sag!- 4i-47
36.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
37.40 8 - 4 - 4 4
33.00 8 - 4 - 4 4

3 70.0
8
Philadelphia, Pa.: '
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops......................
Manufacturing shops----Pittsburgh, Pa,:
Manufacturing shops----Jobbing shops...................
Providence, R. I...............
Rochester, N. Y ...............
Springfield, Mass.:
Manufacturing shops----Jobbing shops...................
Worcester, Mass...................

44.00
100.0
3 86.0 2 41.2$
*
5
3 86.0 1&37.84
5
7
86.0 3 37.84
100.0
44.0Q
37.84
86.0
30.80

2

2

8-4-44

12

67.0

29.48

8-4-44

86.0
86.0

37.84
42.57

3 1J
9
1h

2
2

8-4-44
9 - 4|-49i

12
12

75.0
75.0

33.00
37.13

8-4-44
9 - 4f-49|

75.0 2 40.50
5
43.20
90.0
5
65.0 1 32.50
31.68
4 66.0
0

li
2
li
li

2
2
2
2

9-9-54
8J— 5^—
48
9-5-50
8-8-48

12
12

75.0
80.0
60.0
62.0

39.00 9 i- 4i-52
40.00 9 - 5 - 5 0
33.00 1 0 - 5 -55
29.76 8 - 8 - 4 8

75,0
75.0
is 60.0

36.00
33.00
33.00

2
2
li

2
2
2

4i-48
8-4-44
1 0 - 5 -55

12
12
12

32. 40 3 8£- 4f-48
67.5
67.5 is 82. 40 8 - 8 - 4 8
60.0
33.00 1 0 - 5 -55

75.0

S^r

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, Ga...........................
Baltimore, Md.:
Shops A ..............................
Shops B ..............................
Norfolk, Va............................
Richmond, Va.:
Manufacturing shops.......
Railroad shops.................
Washington, D. C ...............

37.50

li

li

9-5-50

12

55.0

27.50

9-5-50

38.22
76.4
5
75.0 1 36.00
43; 00
86.0

2
2
2

2
2
2

9-5-50
8-8-48
« 9 - 5 -50

12

63,9
71.9
75.0

31.94
34.50
37.50

9-5-50
8-8-48
9-5-50

68.0
68.0
86.0

34.00
32.64
41.28

li
li
li

9-5-50
li
8-8-48
li
2 is 8 - 8 -48

12

58.0
68.0
61.5

31.90 1 0 - 5 -55
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
29. 52 8 - 8 - 4 8

105.0
110.0

56.70
48.40

2
2

2
2

9 - 9 -54
a - 4 -44

12

75.0
90.0

40.50
39.60

9-9-54
8-4-44

70.0
80.0

36.75
40.00

li
2

2
2

9£- 5 -52*
9 - 5 -50"

12
12

65.0
70.0

34.13
35.00

9 i- 5 -5 2 1
9-5-50

95.0
100.0

45.60
44.00

2
2

2
2

8-8-48
8-4-44

12

75.0
80.0

40.50
35.20

9-9-54
8-4-44

85.0
90.0

46.75
39.60

2
2

2 4710 - 5 -55
2
8-4-44

12
12

75.0
60.0

41.25 1 0 - 5 -55
33.00 1 0 - 5 -55

12

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops.............
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops..............
Cleveland, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops.,
Jobbing sho{)s.............
Columbus, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops.............

3 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
i2 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
1 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported*
5
1 Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1919.
8
85 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
3 Scale became 88 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
4
® Scale became 90 cents on Aug. 7, 1919;
Work 47 hours, paid for 48.
8 35 per cent received from 2 to 9 cents per hour more than the scale.
7
8 Scale became 80 cents on Aug. 1, 1919.
8
3 In jobbing shops, double time; in manufacturing shops, double time after 10 p. m.
9
4 Scale became 80 cents on July 1,1919.
0
« Scale became 44 hours per week on June 27, 1919.
4 In some shops 44 hours per week.
7




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAX 15, 1919. 18lT
<
T abs® A— -UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
M ETAL TRAI>ES— Continued.
P A T T E R N M AK ER S, W OOD—Continued.
May 15, 1918.

May 15, 19-19.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Iwmr.

Per
week,
full
time.

Fer
SunF oe
over** : days
ami
time. M i ­
nays.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hoairs:
with
Fulldays;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
week,
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days ;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.

Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Roek Island,

11
1 .:

R e g u l a r ra te
muMi■plied
C ents.

Manufacturing shops____
Jobbing shops...................
Dayton, O hm ......................
Detroit, Mich.:
Manufacturing shops A . ..
Manufacturing shops B . . .
Jobbing shops...............
Grand Rapids, Mich..:
Manufacturing shops A . ..
Manufacturing shops B . . .
Jobbing shops A ...........
Jobbing shops B ...........
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops...............
Kansas City, Mo...............
Milwaukee, W is...............
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Manufacturing shops - .
Railroad shops..............
Peoria,. IH..........................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops. .
Jobbing shops...............
St. Paul, Minn.:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops...............
Railroad shops..............
Toledo, Ohio;
Manufacturing shops. .
Jobbing shops...............
Youngstown, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops. .
Jobbing shops...............

65*0
77.5
4 85.0
2

C ents.

D o lls .
2®. 75

1

li

10 - 5 -55,
9 - 5 -50
8-4-44

12
12
12

38.75
37.40

li
2

2
2

42.50
45.90
48.40

14
li
2

2
2
2

4 65.0 2 39.00
3
5
4 75.0
4
40.50
4 80.0
4
35.60
4 80.0
4
40.00

li
li
2
2

2 4310 -10 -60
9-9-54
2
8 - 4i-44|- ■* " i 2
2
9-5-50
12
2

85.0
85.0
110.0

p

100.0
100.0
70.0
80.0

44.00
44.00
35.00
35.20

60.0
32.40
68.0
3-1.96
5
67.5 1 32. 40

2
2
H
li

2
2
2
4 2
flT

9-5-50
12
9-9-54
8 - 4 -44 " ‘ ' i2

8-4-44
8-4-44
9-5-50
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

D o lls .

30.25 10 - 5 -55
35.08 9 - 5 - 5 0
33.00 8 . - 4 -44

37.50
75.0
40.50
75.0
5
85.0 1 . 40

2l
r

9-5-50
9 - 9 -54
8 - 4 -44

5
65.0 1 39.00 10 -10 -60
35.10 9 - 9 - 5 4
65.0
33.38 8 - 4i-44i
75.0
37.50 9 - 5 - 5 0
75.0
70.0
80.0
55.0
70.0

35.00
35.20
27.50
30.80

9 - 5 -50
8-4-44
9-5-50
8-4-44

14
a1
-1
li

2
li
li

9-9-54
8 - 7 -4?
8 - 8 - -48 ............

29.70.
55.0
26.9.1
57.3
5
50.0 2 27.00

9-9-54
8- - 7 -47
9-9-54

70.0
75.0

35.00
33.00

9-5-50
8-4-44

29.70

9 - 9 -54

85.0
90.0

37.40
39.60

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

60.0
75.0
68.0

32.40
33.00
32.64

li
li
2 li

2
2
2

9 - 9 -54
8- - 4 -44
8-8-48

12

5
85.0 1 38. 25
90.0 is 39.60

li
2

2
2

8-5-45
8-4-44

12
12

li
2

2
2

9-9-54
8-8-48

li
l'i
2
li

2
2

8-8-48
8 - 4 -44
8-8-48
9-9-54

80.0
100.0

55.@
70.0
75.0

43.20
48.00

55.0

( 29)

(29)

(29)

57.3

27.48 3 8 - 7 -47
6

70.0
80.0

31.50 8 - 5 - 4 5
35.20. 8 - 4 - 4 4

70.0
85.0

37.80
40.80

9-9-54
8-8-48

70; 0
70.0
66.7
55.0

37.80
30.80
36.00
29.70

9 - 9 -54
8-4-44
9-9-54
9 - 9 -54

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.:
Manufacturing shops.
Jobbing shops........
Houston, Tex.................
Memphis, Tenn...............

80.0
90.0
80.0
68.0■
I

38.40
39.60
38.40
36.72

2
2

2

2

2

12

&Double time after midnight.
1 More than half received more than the scale;, amount not reported.
5
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
5
2 Not organized on May 15, 1918.
9
3 Work 47 hours, paid for 48-.
6
4 Scale became 95 cents on June 30-, 1919.
2
« Scale became 80 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on Aug.. I, 1919.
** Scale became 90 cents on Aug. 1, 1919.
4 Scale became $1.10. on July 1,1919.
6
*6 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoons.




188
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Concluded.
P A T T E R N M AK ER S, W OOD—Concluded.
May 15, 1919.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
with
For Hours:
Full days;
Sun­ Saturdays; Sat­
Per
For
week,
days Full week. urday Per
over­
half hour.
and
full
time. holiholir
time.
day.

Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Cents.

Denver, Colo.........................
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing shops___
Jobbing shops...................
Salt Lake City, Utah..........
San Francisco, Calif............
Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing shops----Jobbing shops...................

Per
week,
full
time.

D o lls .

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
by—

5
4 75.0 1 36.00
8
94.0
94.0
81.3
94.0
96.3
122.5

2

2

45.12
25 4 1 .

39.00
41.
42.35
53.90

D o lls ,
65.0 1 31.20
5

Cents.

8 -8 -4 8
la8 - 8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
128-8 -48
8-4- 44
8-4- 44
8-4- 44

89.4 is 42.90
5
89.4 2 42.90
68.8
33.00
89.4
42.90

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

8-8 - 4 8
>8-8-48
>8-8-48
8 - 8 -48»8 - 8 -48

5
96.3 2 46. 20 »8 - 8 -48
115.6
55.50 > 8 - 8 - 4 8

MILLWORK.
CAR PEN TER S.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

5
Boston, Mass.......................... so 60.0 2 28. 40
45.0
22. 50
Bridgeport, Conn...................
2
24.75
Buffalo, N. Y .......................... 5 50.0
3
45.0 5 19.80
Newark, N. J..........................
50.0
22.00
New Haven, Conn.................
New York, N. Y .:
Brooklyn, Queens, Bronx,
Ma n h a t t a n , a nd
Richmond—
81.3
35. 75
Cabinetmakers................
62.5
27. 50
Millmen............................
60.0
28.80
Philadelphia, Pa...................
70.0
34.65
Pittsburgh. Pa.......................
6
45.0 1 19.80
Portland, Me..........................
56.3
27.00
Rochester, N. Y .....................
Springfield, Mass.:
52.1
25.00
Molding machine men----43.8
21.00
Wood turners......................
Bench hands, cabinet­
makers, and stock cut­
43.8
21.00
ters..........................- .........
Planers, sanders, and saw­
37.5
18.00
yers....................................
6
Worcester, Mass..................... 5 50.0 is 24.00

2
li
2
2

2
2
5 1J
5
1J
li
li

2
2
2
2
2

8-0-40
9-5-50
5 9 - 4*-49|
2
8-4-44
8-4-44

6 12
1
12
12
12
<12

5 2
4
54 2
2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8 f- 4-1-48
9 - 4|-49i
8-4-44
8-8-48

12
12
12
12
12

62.5
56.3
45.0
60.0
(28)
42.6

27.50
24.75
21.60
29.70 ,
(28)
20. 46

8-4-44
8-4-44
8f— 4J-48
9 - 4J-49J
(28)
8-8-48

50.0
22.00
38.9
19.45
24.75
50.0
19.80
45.0
5
40.0 1 17.60

8-4-44
9-5-50
9 - 4£-49£
8-4-44
8-4-44

2
2

2
2

8§ -42-48
8 f- 4§-48

12
12

45.8
41.7

22.00
20.00

8§- 41-48
81- 4§-48

2

2

88- 4§-48

12

37.5

18.00

83- 4§-48

12
31.3
15.00
2
2
8 f- 4^-48
12
5
b
§- 4§— .
48
2
50.0 2 24.00
6 H
7
12 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
1 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
5
25 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
2 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
8
« Scale became 80 cents on June 1, 1919.
< 44 hours per week, May 18 to Sept. 17, inclusive,
9
w Scale became 75 cents on June 30, 1919.
si Full holiday on Saturday.
** Scale became 56.3 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on July 1,1919.
m 90 per cent received from 15 to 25 cents per hour more than the scale.
m Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
« Double time after 10 p. m.
68 Scale became 55 cents on June 2, 1919.
« Double time after 9 p. m.

8§ -43-48
8§- 43-48




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b l e A .—

189

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
MILL W O RK —Continued.
C A R P E N T E R S—Continued.

May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week,
days
over­
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

C ents.

D o lls .

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Jacksonville, Fla....................
Washington, D. C.:
Bench hands and cabi­
netmakers........................
Berlin sanders....................
Layers off............................
Planing machine men----Straight molders, cross
cut, millwork,
and
frame makers...................
Variety molders.................
Wood turners, band and
scroll sawyers..................

57.8

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour. week,
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l a r rate
mult\ Iplied
by

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

li

2

9 - 9 -54

40.0

21.60

9-9-54

58 58.1 59 27.90
60 49.4 • 23.70
6< 61.3
29.40
60 48.8
23.40

n
n

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48

45.6
36.9
48.8
36.3

21.90
17.70
23. 40
17v40

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

58 55.0
64 60.0

26. 40
28.80

li
li

2
2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

42.5
47.5

20. 40
22.80

8-8-48
8-8-48

64 58.8

28.20

li

2

8 - 8 -48

46.3

22.20

8-8-48

Chicago, 111............................ 56 50.0 15 22.00
Cleveland, Ohio...................
65.0
28.60
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111..
50.0
27.00
Grand Rapids, Mich........
36.0 61 18.36
60.0
28.80
Kansas City, Mo...............
55.0
24.20
Milwaukee, W is...............
Minneapolis, Minn...........
60.0
26. 40
65.0
35.10
Omaha, Nebr....................
02.5
33. 75
Peoria, 111..........................
6 52.5 1 25. 20
3
5
St. Louis, Mo....................
60.0
26.40
St. Paul, Minn.................

li
li

2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

50.0
60.0

22.00
26.40

8-4-44
8-4-44

li
l
li
li
1
H
l
2
1

9 - 9 -54
li
2
1 6 9 - 5 -50
2
8 - 8 -48
8 - 4 -44
2
8 - 4 -44
1
9 - 9 -54
H
9 - 9 -54
2
85b 4§-48
2
8' - 4 -44
1

50.0
27.00
19. 44
36.0
40.0 15 21.60
40.0
20.00
18.90
35.0
21.60
40.0
45.0
24.30
47.5
22.80
35.0
18.90

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-5-50
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
8g- 4f-48
9 - 9 ' -54

24.00

li

2

8 - 8 -48

50.0

24.00

8-8-48

32. 40
60.0
50.0
27.00
40.0 15 17.60
65 27.8 25 13.89

li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54
8 - 4 -44
65 9 - 5 -50

45.0
24.30
21.60
40.0
35.0 15 16.80
27.8 15 13.89

9-9-54
9-9-54
8-8-48
9-5-50

31.20

li

-

8
8
8
8

NORTH CENTRAL.
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Houston, Tex.........
Little Rock, Ark.:
Benchmen...........
Machine men-----Louisville, K y........
New Orleans, L a...

50.0

12
.12

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont.......................
Portland, Oreg.:
Belt and drum sanders67. .
Cabinetmakers68................
Frame makers and stock
cutters...............................
Rip sawyers........................
Sash and door, layers out.
Turners...........................

87.5

42.00

li

66 ^

8 - 8 -48

75.0

36.00

8-8-48

68.8
75.0

33.00
36.00

2
2

2
2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

55.0
55.0

26. 40
26. 40

8-8-48
8-8-48

70.0
68.8
75.0
75.0

33.60
33.00
36.00
36.00

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

55.0
50.0
62.5
65.0

26. 40
24.00
30.00
31. 20

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

-

8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48

is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
25 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
56 Scale became 55 cents on June 2, 1919.
5 Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1,1919.
8
5 87 per cent received from 85 cents to $1.35 per week more than the scale.
9
60 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 1, 1919.
«i 93 per cent received from 4 to 24 cents per hour more than the scale.
62 Work 50 hours, paid for 51.
63 Scale became 55 cents on Oct. 10, 1919.
m Scale became 75 cents on July 1, 1919.
» Scale became 40 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on June 1, 1919.
66 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
6 And planers, trim sawyers, and sash and door clampers.
7
,
«8 And stickers, shapers, band sawyers, tenoners, door stickers, planing-mill benchmen, and show-caso
makers.




190

BULLETIN O THE
S'

T a b le A .— U N IO N

O LABOR STATISTICS.
S’

BUBEAU

SCALE OF W AG ES A N D

H O U R S , E T G .- C o n t i m i e d .

MILIiWORK—Continued.
G AR PEN T B R S—Conciuded.
May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Pea*
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

R e g u la r m t e
m ulti
by
1h
li

8 - 4 : -44

rplied

western —concluded.

Salt Lake City, Utah...
San Francisco, Calif.:
Elbow sanders, mortisers,
and tsnoners....................
Layers out, sash and
door...................................
Smoothers andmolders70.
Stickers, shapers, and
matchers..........................
Stock cutters71...................
Stock cutters, cabinet­
work trim78.....................
Seattle, W ask........................

For
over*time;

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays-; urday
Per
week,
Fiill week, half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

75.0

33.00

-

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

50.0

24.75

9 - 4*-49£

62.5

27.50

2

2

8-4-44

12

46.9

20.63

8-4-44

6 75.0
9
6 62.5
4

33.00
27.50

2
2

2
2

& - 4 -44.
a - 4 -44

12
12

65.6
50.0

28.88
22.00

8-4-44
8-4-44

6 75.0
9
6 62.5
4

33.00
27.50

2
2.

2
2

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44

12
12

68.8
56.3

30.25
24.75

8-4-44
8 - .4 -44

6 75.0
9
75.0

33.00
36.00

2
2

2
2

8 - 4 -44,
a - 8 -48-

12

62.5
50.0

27.50
24.00

8-4-44
8-8-48

8-4-44
9-5-50
a - 4 -44
9-4-49
8 - 4 -44.

12
12
12
12
12

45.5
20.00
40.0 1 20.00
5
62.5
27.50
42.1
21.89
50.0
22.00

8-4-44
9-5-50
8-4-44
9£- 4J-52
8 - 4 -44

8 - 4i-44i

12

43.8

19.47

8 - 4|-44i

8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

55.0
55.0
60.0
62.5

24.20
24.20
26.40
27.50

8-4-44
a - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44

8-4-44
8-8-48

12

70.0
50.0

30.80
24.00

8-4-44
8-8-48

8-4-44
g 5^-48
8-4-44
8-5-45
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12

90.0
55.0
56.3
60.0
68.8

39.60
26.40
24.75
28.80 »
30.25

8-4-44
81- 5|-48
8-4-44
8 - 8 -48
8-4-44

GLAZIERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

«
25.30
Boston, Mass.......................... 7 57.5
40.0 1 20.00
5
Bridgeport, Conn...................
75.0
Newark, N. J..........................
33.00
66.7
32.67
New York, N. Y ...................
75.0
Philadelphia, Pa...................
33.00

2

« u

2
2
2
2
2

46 2

1*

2
n

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Washington, D. C .................

65.0

28.93

n

65.0
70.0
75.0
75.0

28.60
30.80
33.00
33.00

u
n

2

2
2

87.5
50.0

38.50
24.00

2li
n

2
2

100.0
65.0
68.8
70.0
87.5

44.00
31.20
30.25
31.50
38.50

2

74 2

NORTH CENTRAL.

Cleveland, Ohio.....................
Indianapolis, Ind...................
Kansas City, Mo....................
St. Louis, Mo..........................

2
2

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex...................... .
Houston, T ex................. .
WESTERN.

Butte, Mont............................
Denver, Colo............................
Portland, Oreg................... .
Salt Lake City, Utah........ ?.
San Francisco, Calif.............

n

2
ii
2

li
2
2
2

* Double time after midnight.
i® More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.

« Time and one-half on Saturday afternoons.
« Double time after 9 p. m.
84 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
6 Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1,1919.
9
7 On stock for sash and doors, and putters-up sash and doors.
0
7* On sash and doors, sash stickers, roller sanders, and planers.
7 And band sawyers, rip sawyers for stickers, trim sawyers, smoothers and molders, and tumars,
3
7 Scale became 70 cents on July 1,1919.
3
7<Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.

»

hours per week, June to August, inclusive,




UNION SCAU3 OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

191

A.-UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
BHUkWOSK—Concluded.
PAIJTTEBS: H AB D W O O D F IN ISH E R S.

May 15, i m .
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
week,
h oar.

f a ll

time.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
week,
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u la r r a te
m u ltip lie d

NORTH ATLANTIC.
C e n ts.

Boston, Mass........................ .
New York, N , Y .:
Manhattan, Bronx, and
Richmond:......................
Kings..................................
Philadelphia, Pa.................
Rochester, N . Y ...................

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
tim e .
Holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

65.0
76 75.0
76 75.0
60.0
62.5

D o lls .

28.60

\ r

2

7
33.00 77 150c 7 150c
33.00
28.80
27.50

2
II
2

2
2

62.5

27.50

li

16.25
29.70
26.40
23.10
23.10
24.00

72.5
90.0
75.0

31.90
39.60
36.00

li

68.8
3 90.0

30. 25
36.00

2

%

D o lls

21.6$

8§- 4|-48

62.5
27.50
62.5
27.50
40.0 » 19.20
51.3
22.55

12

8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8 f- 4J-48
8-4-44

74 2

79 50.0
32.5
so 67.5
8 55.0
1
52.5
52.5
82 50.0

1 -4 -4 4

8-4-44
8-4-44
8|- 4J-48
8 - 4 -44

45.0

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Washington, D. C.

78

12

1-8-48

5a 0

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago* 111...........
Cincinnati, Ohio..
Cleveland, Ohio...
Kansas City, M o..
Milwaukee, W i s ..
Bar fixtures___
St. Louis, Mo.......

22.00

8-4-44
9-5-50
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8§- 4|-48

41.0
32.5
60.0
55.0
42.
47.5
47.5

20.30
16.25
26.40
26.40
18.70
23.51
22.80

9 - 4i-49*
9-5-50
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
9 - 4i-49J
8§- 4§-48

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48

56.3
75.0
62.5

27.00
33.00
30; 00

8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48

30.25
30.00

8-4-44
8-0-40

WESTERN.
Denver, Colo................
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Calif..
Seattle, Wash.:
Inside........................
Outside......................

2

8-4-44
8-0-40

2

12
5112

68.81

75. o
;

I

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB.
B IN D E R Y W O M EN .
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.:
Forewomen and book re­
pairers...............................
31.3
Gatherers, hand................. 84 27.1
Machine operators and
gold-leaf layers............... 88 28.0
Joumeywomen*................... 8*27.1
Sheet and book examiners
27.1
Buffalo, N. Y .........................
25.0

15.00
13.00

li
li

2
2

3 8§-

3 8|- 4|-48
4§-48

12
12

29.2
24.0

14.00 3 g f- 4§-48
11.50 * 8§- 4§-48

13.44
13.00
13.00
12.00

li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2

8 &§- 43-48
8 8 f- 43-48
4f-48
8 f- 4J-48

12
12
12
12

24.0
23.0
22.9
18.8

11.52 3 8|_ 4|_48
11.04 8 8 f- 4§-48
11.00 3 8|- 4|-48
9.00 3 8 - 8 -48

2 Double time after midnight.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
1 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
5
5i Full holiday on Saturday.
7 Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
4
76 Scale became $1 on Aug. 13,1919.
7 Rate in cents per hour.
7
78 Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1919.
79 Scale became 55 cents on June 1,1919.
8° Scale became 72.5 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
w Scale became 65 cents on June 1,1919.
8 Scale became 52.5 cents on June 1,1919.
2
8» Scale became $1 on June 15,1919.
8 Scale became 33 cents on July 1,1919.
4
8» Scale became 34 cents on July 1,1919.




192

R U L L E T IN

T a b le

o f

t h

e

b u

r e a

u

o f

l a b o

r

s t a t is t ic

s

.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
B IN D E R Y W OM EN—Continued.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC—concld.
R e g u l a r ra te

Newark, N . J.:
m u lt iplied
Cents. D o lls .
Folding-machine oper­ C ents. D o lls .
by
6
18.00 S if 11.04 81- 4£-48
37.5
12
2
23.0
ators..................................
8|- 4£-48
Journeywomen, 2 years’
2
9.60 81- 4£-48
experience........................
35.4
20.0
17.00 8« l i
12
8 f- 4£-48
New York, N . Y .:
Gathering-machine oper­
47.9
23.00 3 8 - 8 -48
72.9
35.00
2 3 8 - 8 -48
ators..................................
li
Envelope inserters and
43.8
21.00 3 8 - 8 -48
58.4
2 3 8 _ 8 _48
mailers..............................
28.00
li
Fillers-in, gatherers, hand
or machine; sewers,
12.00 3 8 - 8 -48
hand..................................
2 3 8 - 8 -48
25.0
36.5
17.50
li
Flat and roll mail wrap­
39.6
19.00 3 8 - 8 -48
2 3 8 - 8 -48
pers ....................................
58.3
28.00
li
37.5
18.00 3 8 - 8 -48
2 3 8 - 8 -48
44.8
Coverers...............................
21.50
li
Drop-roll feeders, setting
16.00 3 8 - 8 -48
2 3 8 - 8 -48
33.3
and changing machine..
44.8
21.50
Drop roller, feeders, set­
16.00 3 8 - 8 -48
t in g g a u g e ..............................
2 3 8 - 8 -48
38.5
33.3
18.50
2 1}
16.00 a 8 - 8 -48
2 a 8 - 8 -48
33.3
Head gold-leaf layers........
38.5
18.50
Coverers, hand; insert
wire stitchers, machine;
and operators and set­
14.00 3 8 - 8 -48
ters.....................................
29.2
40.6
3 8 - 8 -48
19.50
li
14.00 3 8 - 8 -48
2 3 8 - 8 -48
29.2
All-round hands 87.............
38.5
18.50
li
14.00 3 8 - 8 -48
Gold-leaf layers...................
2 3 8 - 8 -48
29.2
34.4
16.50
2li
12.00 3 8 - 8 -48
2 3 8 - 8 -48
25.0
Book examiners 88.............
38.5
18.50
li
Hand folders or box emptiers for 3-point ma­
10.00 3 8 - 8 -48
chines ............................
2 3 8 - 8 -48
20.8
38.5
18.50
li
9.00 3 8 - 8 -48
2 3 8 - 8 -48
18.8
Ruling-machine feeders...
15.50
32.3
li
Philadelphia, Pa. I
Quad-machine operators,
14.00 81- 4£-48
29.2
2
37.5
18.00
8f- 4£-48
12
or auto feed, drop rollers.
n
12.00 8 f- 4£-48
25.0
2
12
8f- 4£-48
Jobbers.................................
31.3
15.00
li
12.00 8 f- 4£-48
25.0
2
12
8 f- 4£-48
Sewers, hand 89...................
33.3
16.00
li
10.00 8f- 4£-48
20.8
12
2
8J- 4£-48
•29.2
14.00
Bunchers9
0..........................
li
Scranton, Pa.:
10.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.9
2
8-8-48
12.50
First class............................ 9 26.0
1
li
8.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
16.7
8-8-48
10.00
2
Second class........................ 92 20.8
li
2 Double time after midnight.
s Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
Double time after 4 hours.
8 And assistant operators or fillers-in on gathering machines; feeders, drop rollers; gatherers, inserters;
7
sewers, hand or machine; pasters and cancelers; feeder, point machine; and wire stitchers.
8 And collators; folders, hand; openers-up; pasters; stitchers, flat or saddle, hand, silk or thread; table
8
workers; takers-off; machine operators, Cleveland drop roll, folding, indexing, numbering, paging, pasting,
patent back, perforating, point or wire stitching.
8 And all-around job workers; gold-leaf layers; wire stitchers; numberers and pagers; folding-machine
9
operators; single-point machine operators; sewers; Singer machine operators.
9 And platers; perforators; board layers; binders, board; fly-leaf workers; Smythe sewing-machine
0
operators; hand folders; and all-around sheet girls or inserters.
9 Scale became 29.2 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
1
a Scale became 25 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
s




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

193

A ___ UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TING AND PUBLISHING: BO O K AND JOB— Continued.
B IN D E R Y W OMEN—Continued.
May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Sun­ Saturdays; Sat­
For
week,
over­ days Full week. urday Per
and
half hour.
full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day.
days.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Cents.

D o lls .

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied
b y- t-

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
31.3
Atlanta, Ga............................
Baltimore, Md.:
Machine hands and table
31.3
hands................................
Numberers, hand............... ««15.0
18.8
Washington, D. C.................

15.00

2

15.00

li
H
6 li

26 9.00

96 8

Cents.

- 8 -48

2 96 8 - 8 -48
2 96 8 - 8 -48
« l i 94 8 - 8 -48

22.9

3

25.0
9 15.0
3
18.8

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

11.00 96 8 - 8 -48
12.00 96 8 - 8 -48
96 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

26 9.00

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Blank-book sewers or
Singer sewing-machine
operators..........................
32.3
Gold layers and sizers.......
33.3
Machine wire stitchers,
35.4
flat.....................................
Pagers or numberers.........
34.4
Machine sewers, thread...
35.4
Rotary and perforating
machine operators.........
32.3
Folders, inserters, tip­
pers, tissuers, strippers,
gatherers, collators, ana
counters, ticket...............
32.3
Gatherers and collaters...
35.4
Cleveland, Ohio:
36.7
Machine work....................
32.1
Tablework..........................
29.2
Des Moines, Iowa..................
3
Detroit, Mich........................ . 9 31.3
Indianapolis, Ind................. . 3 26.0
28.1
Kansas City, Mo....................
St. Louis, Mo.:
First class.......................... . 4 24.1
Second class........................ 6 21.8
Youngstown, Ohio:
31.3
Forewomen.........................
29.2
Journeywomen................. .

95 2
#5 2

9 8 f- 4J-48
6
96 gJ- 4i-48

12
12

28.1
28.1

6
13.50 9 8|- 4i-48
13.50 96 8 | - 4J-48

95 2
95 2
95 2

9 8 f- 4J-48
6
96 8 f- 4^-48
96 8|- 4i-48

12
12
12

28.1
28.1
27.1

13.50 96 8 1 - Ai-AS
6
13.50 9 8|- 4£-48
6
13.00 9 8 f- 4J-48

li

95 2

9 8 1 - 4 |-48
6

12

26.0

12.50 96 8 1 - 4 i- 4 8

li
li

95 2
95 2

9 8 f- 4£-48
6
96 8 f- 4£-48

12
12

(98)
(98)

15.50
16.00

n

17.00
16.50
17.00

li
li

15.50

15.50
17.00

i*

lh

(98)
(98)

25.0

12.00 96 8 1 - 4 J-4 8
9 81- 4i-48
6

(97)

(97)

33.3
29.2
22.9
(2)
26.0
18.8

16.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
14.00 8 - 8 -48
11.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
(2
)
(2
)
12.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
19.00 96 8 - 8 -48

li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8f—4i-48
8-8-48
96 8 - 8 -48

11.55
10.45

6 li
5 li

2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48

24.1
21.8

11.55
10.45

15.00
14.00

li
li

6
l i 9 8 - 8 -48
li 96 8 - 8 -48

20.8
18.8

10.00 96 8 - 8 -48
9.00 96 8 - 8 -48

25.0
31.3

12.00
15.00

li
7 li

2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48

(2)
20.8

(2)
10.00

(2)
8-8-48

28.6
25.2

13.75
12.10

8 li

2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48

24.1
20.8

11.55
10.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

17.60
15.40
14.00
1 15.00
12.50
13.50

12

8-8-48
8-8-48

SdUTH CENTRAL.
Birmingham, Ala..
Dallas, T ex.............
Houston, Tex.:
First class............
Second class........

1 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
2 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
» Scale became 31.3 cents on July 1,1919.
* Scale became 25.1 cents on June 1,1919.
» Double time after midnight.
« Scale became 23.8 cents on June 1, 1919.
7 Double time after 4 hours.
®Double time after 10 p. m.
2* Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported,
w For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
9 Rate in cents per 1,000 sheets.
3
•* 44 hours per week, June 15 to Sept. 15, inclusive.
•^ Double time on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week,
w Hours vary but total 48 per week.
w Piece-rate scale in effect on May 15,1918.
9 Work prohibited.
8
9 Scale became 37.5 cents on Sept. 16,1919.
9

172259°— 20— Bull. 274-




-13

in

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OS' LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.

P R IN T IN G AND PU BLISHIN G: B O O K AN D JOB— Can tinned.
B IN D E R Y WOMEN- Concluded.
—
May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
For
Full days; with
Sat­
Per
For Sun­ Saturdays; urday Per
Full week.
week,
over­ days
half hour.
full
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day.
days.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per

Per
hour.

week,

full

time.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
by —

SOUTH CENTRAL—concld.
C en ts.

Little Rock. Ark................
Louisville, K y .....................
Nashville, Team.................
New Orleans, La................

18.8
20.8
25. O
j
20.

D o lls .

»9.0d
10.00

12.00
10.00

C en ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

8-8-48
8*- 4J-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

1 9.00
0
10.00
8.00
1 6.00
1

8-8-48
8-|- 4|-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

li;

18.8
20.8
16.7
12.5

28.1
20.8

13.50
10.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

C
2)
25.0
25.0
31.3
31.3

(2)
» 12.00
12.00
15.00
15.00

(2)
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

WESTERN.
Denver, Colo.......................
Los Angeles, Calif..............
Portland, Oreg.:
Forewomen......................
Journey women...............
San Francisco, Calif..........
Seattle, W ash.....................
Spokane, Wash...................

31.
a 25.0

15.00

12.00

43.8
38.5
u 31.3

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
1 8 - 8 -48
3
8 - 8 -48
li

12 2
12 2

BOOKBINDERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.:
Case makers, hand, Union
A ; and casers-in, ma­
chine .................................
Case makers, hand, Union
B ; and cutters, stock,
leather and cloth............
Case makers, machine----Case makers and casersin, machine; head band­
ers; and lining makers,
machine............................
Cutters, board.....................
Cutters, sheet stock; and
trimmers, book...............
Folders, machine; head
banders, and liners,
hand..................................
Forwarders, stock, blank
work..................................
Rounders and backers,
machine.......................... .
Stampers and inkers—
Union A ............................
Union B ............................

i*50.Q

24.00

li

2

17 8|_ 4J-48

12

43.8

2L00 1 81- 41-48
7

i« 52.1
is 58.3

25.00
28.00

11
li

2
2

1 8§- 4§-48
7
1 8 f- 4J-48
7

12
12

45.8
52.1

22.00 W 8 f- 4§-48
25.00 1 8|~ 4§-48
7

is 54.2
i»47.9

26.00
23.00

li
li

2
2

1 8 f- 41-48
7
1 8 f- 4J-48
7

12
12

47.9
41.7

23.00 1 8|- 41-48
7
20.00 17 8 f- 41-48

20 54.2

26.00

li

2

1 8£- 41-48
7

12

47.9

23.00 17 8|- 41-48

20 52.1

25.00

li

2

1 8J- 4|-48
7

12

45.8

22.00 17 8§- 45-48

2156.3

27.00

li

2

12

50.0

7
24.00 1 8 f- 41-48

2 53.1
2

25.50

ii

2

1 8|- 41-48
7
\
17 8 f- 41-48

12

46.9

22.50 17 8|- 41-48

7
2 1 8 f- 41-48
12
50.0
li
2 17 s§- 4jf-48
12
47.9
ii:
a Scale became 31.3 cents on June 1,1919.
2 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
i Double time after 4 hours.
« Double time after It) p. m.
* Nomina Irate. All received more; amount not reported.
20 Nomina 1rate. All received more, $12 to $14.
Nominalrate. All received more, $7 to $9.
i* For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
44 hours per week June to August, inclusive.
Scale became 37.5 cents on Aug. 1o, 1919.
w Scale became 37.5 cents on Sept. 2.1919.
i* Scale became 58.3 cents on July 1,1919.
i’ Hours vary, but total48per week,
w Scale became 62.5 cents on July 1,1919.
I9 Scale became 56.3 cents on July 1,1919.
Scale became 60.4 cents on July 1,1919.
2 Scale became 64.6 cents on July 1,1919.
1
2 Scale became 61,5 cents on July 1,1919.
2

24.00 17 8 f- *1-48
23.00 17 8§- 4|-48




18 56.3

1 54.2
8

27.00
26.00

UNION' SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 9 5
T able A ___UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
BOOKBINDERS—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full time. and
holi­
time.
days.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos;
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC—contd.
R egu l a r ra te

Buffalo, N . Y .:
m u lti iplied
Forwarders, grade A ; fin­ Cents. B o l l s .
ishers; ana rulers............
60.4 129.00
2
n
Forwarders, grade B; and
cutters...............................
58.3
28.00
2
li
Newark, N. J. :
Case makers and casersin, and cutters, book,
paper, and rotary ma­
65.6
chine.................................
2
31.50
7li
Cutters, machine...............
65.6
2
31.50
7li
Cutters, duplex machine;
forwarders and finish­
69.8
ers, all-round...............
2
33.50
7 li
Forwarders and finishers,
first-class..........................
69.8
2
33.50
7 li
Forwarders and finishers,
second-class; and fold­
65.6
ers, machine.....................
2
31.50
7 li
88.5
Gilders..................................
42.50
2
7 li
Sheet straighteners............
61.5
2
29.50
7 li
1\
Stampers..............................
67.7
2
32.50
New York, N . Y .:
All-round men, finishers,
and rulers, blank-book
3
work, first-class...............
75.0
36.00 2 1J
2
All-round men, finishers,
and rulers, blank-book
3
68.8
2
work, second-class.........
33.00 2 1J
All-round men on general
3
2
80.2
38.50 2
reference books...............
Backers, casers-in, fold­
ers, head banders, lin­
ers, stampers, and trim­
69.8
33.50 2 l i
2
mers, machine.................
3
Case makers and stretch­
3
65.6
31.50 2 1£
2
ers, machine 24. . . .
Circuit workers, Bible;
coverers and forwarders,
3
32.50 2 1J
2
67.7
extra..................................
Coverers, cutters, and (
2
68.8
gatherers, machine.........
33.00 2 l i
3
Coverers, gatherers, and
1
stitchers, machine; and
3
2
69.8
33.50 2 1^
cutters, stock...................
3
2
61.5
29.50 2
Cutters, board 25.............
3
2
70.8
Cutters, machine..............
34.00 2 1|
2
72.9
35.00 2 l i
Cutters, 3-knife machine..
3
3
2
36.50 2 11
Finishers, extra..................
76.0
3
2
72.9
35.00 2 11
Folders, machine...............
3
2
38.40 2 11
80.0
Gilders, edge . . .
3
2
39.50 2 l i
82.3
Stampers, head...................
Trimmers—
3
2
65.6
31.50 2 U
Machine............................
2
75.0
36.00 23 l|
3-knife machine...............

7

C en ts.

B o lls .

8 f- 41-48

12

47.9

23.00 17 8 — 8 —
48

8|- 4J-48

12

45.8

22.00 17 8 - 8 -48

8 f- 4^-48
8|- 4J-48

12
12

43.8
47.9

21.00
23.00

8 f- 41-48
8 f- 41-48

8|- 41-48

12

47.9

23.00

8 f- 41-48

8|- 4|-48

12

50.0

24.00

8 f- 41-48

8|8 f8 f8 f-

12
12
12
12

43.8
50 0
39.6
47.9

21.00
24.00
19.00
23.00

8 f8 f8|8 f-

56.3

27.00 1 8 - 8 -48
7

17 8 - 8 -48

50.0

24.00 1 8 - 8 -48
7

17 8 - 8 -48

62.5

30.00 1 8 - 8 -48
7

41-48
41-48
41-48
41-48

17 8 - 8 -48

41-48
4|-48
41-48
41-48

17 8 - 8 -48

56.3

27.00 1 8 - 8 -48
7

17 8 - 8 -48

52.1

25.00 1 8 - 8 -48
7

17 8 - 8 -48

54.2

26.00 1 8 - 8 -48
7

17 8 - 8 -48

52.1

7
25.00 1 8 - 8 -48

17 8
i' 8
1 8
7
17 8
17 8
17 8
17 8
1 8
7

52.1
47.9
54.2
54.2
62.5
56.3
70.0
68.8

25.00 1 8
7
23.00 1 8
7
7
26.00 1 8
26.00 1 8
7
30.00 17 8
27.00 17 8
33.60 1 8
7
33.00 17 8

47.9
59-3

23.00 17 8 - 8 -48
28.00 1 8 - 8 -48
7

-

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-18

-48 . . . . .

1 8 - 8 -48
7
17 8 - 8 -48

- 8
- 8
- 8
- 8
- 8
—8
- 8
- 8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
—
48
-48
-48

i More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported
* Double time after 4 hours.
1 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
7
2 Double time after 5 hours.
3
2 Or head banders and liners; head banders, assistant; casers-in, hand or machine; colorers, book; cov­
4
erers; cutters, sheet stock and sheet and plate; finishers, assistant; repairers, book; rounders and backers*
hand; stitchers; and trimmers, machine.
2 Or gluers-off, nippers, sawers-out, machine; and gluers-up
5




BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,

196
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
B O O K BIN D ER S—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH

A T LA N T IC —

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
urday Per
week,
Full week.
half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day..

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

contd.

Philadelphia, Pa.:
Case makers, hand; for­
warders, cloth, printed
work..................................
Case makers, machine,
Union A ; and finishers,
job and f u l l - b o u n d
blank work......................
Case makers, machine,
UnionB 28........................
Cutters, book and sheet;
and forwarders, head
sheet man........................
Cutters, first-class, ma­
chine.................................
Cutters, hand, leather;
and cutters, job and
pamphlet..........................
Cutters, stock, leather,
blank work ^ ...................
Finishers—
Extra printed work___
Sheep and plain job 3 . .
0
Folders, assistant, ma­
chine .................................
Forwarders—
Cireuit-edge Bible work,
extra job work.............
Copying books; gluers,
machine; and sheet
men...............................
Extra job, printed work.
Full bound, stock and
job ..................................
Loose-leaf b i n d e r s ;
blank work...................
Rollers, backers..............
Gluers-up,
sawers-out,
and smashers............... J.
Rulers—
Down line........................
Extra job.........................
Faint line.........................
Head.................................
First-class sample books
and record albums.........
Second-class sample books
and record albums.........
Stampers, head...................

R e g u l i t r a te
m u lt ip lied
—
byr

27.00

•1J

64.6 27 31.00

«1*

56.3

60.4

29.00

* 54.2

126.00

60.4

29.00

*1*

52.1

125.00

*11

56.3

27.00

6 1J

64.6
58.3

131.00
28.00

52.1

25.00

62.5

C ents.

262

8 f- 4^-48

12

2

8 f- 41-48

12

41-48

12

D o lls .

22.00

8 f- 41-48

52.1

25.00

8 f- 41-48

50.0

24.00

81- 41-48

45.8

26 2

81-

26 2

8 f- 41-48

12

43.8

21.00

8$ r 41-48

2

8 f- 4f-48

12

47.9

1 23.00

8 f- 41-48

26 2

8 f- 41-48

12

43.8

1 21.00

81- 41-48

2

8f- 41-48

12

45.8

22.00

81- 41-48

26 2
26 2

83- 41-48
8-2- 41-48

12
12

54.2
45.8

1 26.00

22.00

81- 41-48
81- 41-48

* ii

26 2

8|- 41-48

12

37.5

18.00

8-1- 41-58

30.00

6li

26 2

81- 41-48

12

50.0

24.00

81- 41-48

56.3
62.5

27.00
30.00

6 li
•1J

26 2

81-

8 f- 41-48
41-48

12
12

43.8
52.1

21.00
25.00

81- 41-48
8J- 41-48

60.4

29.00

* li

2

8 f- 41-48

12

50.0

24.00

81- 41-48

6 li
Mi

2

8-2- 41-48
8fr- 41-48

12
12

47.9
47.9

23.00
23.00

8 f- 41-48
8f- 41-48

58.3 5i 28.00
28.00
58.3
47.9

2

26 2
26 2

123.00

8|- 41-48

12

39.6

19.00

8 f- 41-48

8|8 f8 f8|-

12
12
12
12

45.8
47.9
45.8
52.1

22.00
23.00
22.00
25.00

8-2818f81-

2
64.6 3 31.00
*1*
33.00 ^ l i
68.8
56.3 33 27.00
5 li
35.00
72.9
6 li

2

3 56.3
4

27.00

li

2

8 f- 4-1-48

12

45.8

22.00

8 f- 41-48

*6 52.1
66.7

25.00
132.00

1§
•1*

2
2«2

8f- 41-48
8 f- 41-48

12
12

41.7
56.3

20.00
27.00

81- 41-48
8f- 41-48

2
2
0

11-48
41-48
41-48
41-48

41-48
41-48
41-48
41-48

1 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
6 Double time after midnight.
2 For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half only.
8
1 2 35 per cent received more than the scale; $32 to $36.
7
2 Or casers-in; coverers: folders and trimmers, machine; gilders; rounders and backers; and stampers.
8
2 Or cutters, second-class; forwarderers, sheet men, and half-bound blank Work; gluers; and strippers,
9
machine.
8 Or forwarders, plain job, and sheep and half-bound edition work.
0
3 40 per cent received $1 per week more than the scale.
1
8 80 per cent received more than the scale; $32 to $40.
2
8 60 per cent received $1 per week more than the scale.
3
8 Scale became 62.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
4
8 Scale became 56.3 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
3




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 9 7
T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TIN G AND PUBLISHIN G: BO O K AND JOB— Continued.
BO O K BIN D ERS—Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC—concld.
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Cutters and forwarders. . .
Finishers and rulers.........
Forwarders..........................
Providence, R. I.:
Cutters, forwarders, and
rulers.................................
Finishers..............................
Scranton, Pa.:
Case makers, machine___
Coverers, machine.............
Cutters, book......................
Cutters, paper and sheet
stock.................................
Cutters, stock.................
Finishers.............................
Folders, machine...............
Forwarders, blank work..
Forwarders, printed work.
Rounders and backers,
machine............................
Rulers...................................
Smashers, machine...........
Stampers..............................

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u l a r ra te
m u lt iplied
by
2
bn
2
8i f
2

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays
F ull week

D o lls .

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

45.8
50.0
45.8

22.00 17 8 - 8 -48
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
22.00 9 i- 5 -51*

2
2

17 8 - 8 -48
17 8 - 8 -48

37.5
45.8

918.00 17 s - 8 -48
9 22.00 1 8 - 8 -48
7

2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

54.2
47.9
50.0

9
9

2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

47.9
47.9
47.9
43.8
43.8
50.0

2
2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

54.2
43.8
43.8
50.0

li

2

17 8 - 8 -48

3
46.9 4 22.50 17 8 - 8 -48

li
li

2
2

17 8 - 8 -48
1 8 - 8 -48
7

45.8
58.3

li
li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

33.3
50.0
39.6
37.5

52.1
52.1
52.1

25.00
25.00
25.00

52.1
52.1

25.00
25.00

n

3 62.5
6
37 62.5
3 57.3
8

30.00
30.00
27.50

ii
ii

57.3
57.3
56.3
3 58.3
7
56.3
39 58.3

27.50
27.50
27.00
28.00
27.00
28.00

n

3 62.5
6
40 52.1
4i 52.1
39 59.4

30.00
25.00
25.00
28.50

li
li
li
li

58.3

42 28.0 0

58.3
58.3

i 28.00
9 28.00

56.3
56.3
56.3
60.0

27.00
27.00
27.00
i 28.80

li
li
li
li

2

63.5

30.50

4 lj
4

2

17

8 - 8 -48

49.0

23.50 17 8 - 8 -48

60.4

29.00

“ li

2

U 8 - 8 -48

44.8

21.50 17 8 - 8 -48 •

38
39

i|

n

ii

H
1|
li
li

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

26.00
23.00
24.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

23.00
23.00
23.00
i 21.00
21.00
24.00

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48

26.00
21.00
21.00
24.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

9

9

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, Ga............................
Baltimore, Md.:
Cutters; finishers; and for­
warders, job and blank
work..................................
Rulers...................................
Richmond, Va.:
Cutters and forwarders. . .
Finishers..............................
Rulers...................................
Washington, D. C.................

3

9

22.00 u 8 — 8 -48
28.00 n 8 - 8 -48

16.00
24.00
19.00
i 18.00
9

9

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Binders, machine...............
Casers’ helpers; pasters;
pressers; and repairers,
book..................................
Casers-in and indexers,
ma c hi ne ; trimmers,
book..................................

30.00 « l i
23.00 17 8 - 8 -48
62.5
2 17 8 - 8 -48
47.9
1 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
5 Double time after midnight.
9 Nominal rate. AH received more; amount not reported.
” Hours vary, but total48 per week.
Scale became 70.8 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
8 Scale became 72.9 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
7
as Scale became 63.5 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
*9 Scale became 67.7cents on Aug. 1,1919.
Scale became 62.5 cents on A u g . 1 , 1919.
« Scale became 59.4 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
42 Nominal rate. A ll received more; average $31 per week.
4 Nominal rate. A ll received more; average $26 per week.
3
4 Double time after 3 hours and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
4




198

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TIN G AN D PUBLISH IN G: B O O K AN D JOB— Continued.
BO O K S IN D E R S—Continued.

May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Per
Sat­
Sun­
For
week,
week, over­ days Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour.
full
full
and
holi­
time. time. holitime.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL—contd.
Chicago, 111.—Concluded.
Casers-in and coverers,
machine; cutters, hind­
ers, stock: folders, assist­
ant, machine................. .
Case makers 45...................
Cutters, machine...............
Folders operating 2 ma­
chines.............................. .
Folders operating 3 ma­
chines ..............................
Forwarders and finishers,
blank work.....................
Gilders and pasters, ma­
chine----- 1 ............ ...........
In charge of stock and
cutting machine............
Rulers.................................
Stampers, head, machine.
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Cutters—
Head............................
Paper stock................
Splitters......................
Forwarders; joggers, paper.
Cleveland, Ohio................... .
Columbus, Ohio...................
Des Moines, Iowa................ .
Detroit, Mich.:
Cutters; finishers, blank
work; folders operating
1 machine; forwarders,
blank work; and rulers.
Folders operating 2 ma­
chines................................
Folders operating 4 ma­
chines; and rulers,head,
operating 3 machines. . .
Folders operating 5 ma­
chines; and rulers, head,
operating 4 machines. . .
Rulers, head, operating 7
or more machines...........
Indianapolis, Ind..................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Cutters, paper; finishers,
first-class; forwarders,
first-class; rulers, firstclass................................. .
Forwarders, second-class..
Rulers, second-class___

R e g u la r r a te
m u ltip lie d
C ents.

C ents.

D o lls .

62.5
65.6
64.6

30.00
31.50
31.00

67.7

32.50

74.0

35.50

67.2

32.25

60.4

29.00

68.8
72.9
71

33.00
35.00
34.50

52.1
43.
50.0
41.7
57.3
52.1
62.5

25.00
21.00
24.00
20.00
27.50
25.00
30.00

44 n

2
2
2

17 8 - 8 -48
17 8 - 8 -48
17 8 - 8 -48

44 n

2

1 8 - 8 -48
7

2

1 8 - 8 -48
7

4 ii
4

2

1 8 - 8 -48
7

4 ii
4

2

4 ii
4
4 ii
6
4 ii
4

2
2
2

4 li
4
4 li
4

4 li
4

.

■8 -48
•8 -48
•8 -48

53.1

25.50

• 8 -48

59.4

28.50

■8 -48

51.0

24.50

• 8 -48

17 8 - 8 -48

44.8

21.50

■8 -48

1 8 - 8 -48
7
48
1 8 - 8 —
7
17 8 - 8 -48

54.2
55.2
57.3

26.00
26.50
2.7.50

■ 8 -48
■ 8 -48
■ 8 -48

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

44.8
38.5
42.7
37.5
45.8
46.9
43.8

21.50
18.50
20.5^
18.00
22.00
22.50
21.00

•8
•8
•8
-8
-8
•8
-8

H
li
li
li
li
li

2
8
8
2
8
2
8
2
2
8
7
li 1 8
2
8

n

D o lls .

22.50
24.50
24.00

■
-

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

46.9
51.0
50.0

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

4 62.5
7

30.00

li

2

8|- 4i-48

43.8

21.00 * 8|- 4f-48

4 62.5
7

30.00

li

2

8f_ 4^-48

47.9

23.00 4 8 f- 4J-48
8

4 62.5
7

30.00

li

2

8 f- 4J-48

50.0

8
24.00 4 8§- 4£-48

4 62.5
7

30.00

li

2

8 f- 4^-48

52.1

25.00 4 8 f- 4|-48
8

62.5
52.1

30.00 4 S I - 41-48
8
25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

4 62.5
7
4 52.1
9

30.00
25.00

li
li

2
2

8 f- 4i-48
8 - 8 -48

7
45.8 9 22.00 17 8 - 8 -48
2 1 8 - 8 -48
li
7
2 1 8 - 8 -48
1-8-48
40.6 9 19.50
li
7
2 1 8 - 8 -48
41.7 9 20.00 17 8 - 8 -48
li
9 Nominal rate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
1 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
7
44 Double time after 3 hours and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
4 Cutters, head, stock; finishers, printed work; forwarders, leather, cloth, and job, printed work; gilders,
5
edge; marblers; rounders and backers, machine; and stampers, machine.
4 Double time after 9 p. m. and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
6
4 Scale became 72.9 cents on Sept. 16, 1919.
7
4 8i hours on Monday.
8
4 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 1,1919.
9




57.3
57.3
57.3

27.50
27.50
27.50

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 1 9 9
T a b le

A ___ UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TING AND PUBLISHING: B O O K AND JOB—Continued.
BO O K B IN D E R S— Continued.
May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL— COndd.

Milwaukee, W is.:
Journeymen 40....................
First men in crew..............
Working alone....................
Minneapolis, Minn.................
Omaha, Nebr..........................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Cutters; forwarders, and
folders, machine.............
Finishers—
First class........................
Second class.....................
Rulers—
First class.........................
Second class....................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers, blank work..........
Forwarders, p r i n t e d
work, ana cutters..........
Toledo, Ohio:
First hand£....................
Second hands.................
Youngstown, Ohio:
First hands.....................
Second hands.................

For
For Sun­
days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
week,
urday Per
Full week.
full
half hour.
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied
by-

49.0
52.1
52.1
5 41.7
1
54.2

23.50
25.00
25.00
20.00
i 26,00

54.6

26.20

» l*

61.5
56.9

29.50
27.30

5 li
5 ii

59.2
54.

28.40
26.40

5 ii

51 41.7

20.00

si 41.7

20.00

56.3
50.0

27.00
24.00

52.1
52.1

25.00
25.00

C ents.

D o lls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

41.7
43.8
47.9
37.5
52.1

120.00

8-8-48

48.1

23.10

8-8-48
8-8-48

57.3
52.7

27.50
25.30

; -48
I -48

8-8-48
8-8-48

55.0
50.4

26. 40
24.20

I -48
\ -48

8 f- 41-48

41.

20.00

8§- 41-48

8£- 41-48

37.5

18.00

8|- 41-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
43.

24.00
21.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

- 8 -48
- 8 -48

43.8
37.5

21.00
18.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
n 8 —8 -48
8 f- 41-48
8-8-48

44.8
46.9
48.1
43.8
45.8
37.5

21.50
22.50
23.10
9 21.00
22.00
9 18.00

•8 -48
■8 -48
• 8 -48
• 8 -48
■ 41-48
■ 8 -48
8-8-48

81- 4J-48
8 f- 41-48
8 f- 41-48
8-8-48
8|- 41-48

5H

17 8
17 8

12

21.00
23.00
18.00
25.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8|- 41-48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.............
Dallas, Texas.....................
Houston, Tex....................
Little Rock, Ark..............
Louisville, K y ...................
Nashville, Tenn...............
New Orleans, La.:
Cutters............................
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers.................................
Forwarders, half bound...

52.1
25.00
62.5
30.00
55.0 i 26.40
43.8 “ 21.00
45.8 » 22.00
50.0
24.00
46.9

22.50

46.9
46.

22.50
22.50

81.3
62.5
71.9
61.5
a 50.0

li
’ V
s i;

i
i
if
ii

li
ii

12

31.3

9 15.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

37.5
34.4

9 18.00
16. 50

39.00
30.00

■8 -48
■8 -48

81.3
62.5

39.00
30.00

■ 8 -48
■ 8 -48

34.50
29.50
24.00

■8 -48
■8 -48

71.9
55.2
43.8

34.50
26.50
21.00

8 -48
8 -48
8 - 8 -48

li

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont.:
All-round men....................
Cutters.................................
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers.................................
Denver, Colo..........................
Los Angeles, Calif.................
Portland, Oreg.:
Journeymen, and cutters,
stock.................................
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers, nrst m en.............

68.8

33.00

1 2
2

•8 -48

50.0

24.00

! -48

75.0

36.00

1 2
2

■8 -48

50.0

24.00

; -48

Scale became 58.3 cents on June 1,1919.
i More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
5 Double time after midnight.
7 Double time after four hours.
8 Double time after 10 p. m.
9 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
1 For Sunday; for holidays, time and one-half.
2
1 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
7
5 Classed as second men in report for 1918.
0
6 Scale became 54.2 cents on June 1, 1919.
1
6 90 per cent received from $4 to $11 per week more than the scale.
2

a




200

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTIN’G AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
BO O K B IN D E R S—Concluded.

May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Per
Sat­
For Sun­
week, over­ days Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
and
full
time. holi­
time.
time.
holi­
days.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week*

R e g u l a r ra te
m u lti Iplied

western —concluded.

C ents.

65.6
Salt Lake Citv, Utah...........
3
San Francisco, Calif.............. 5 62.5
Seattle, Wash.:
Cutters, finishers, for­
warders, and rulers____
75.0
Rulers, head........................
75.0
4
Spokane, Wash...................... 5 65.6

D o lls .

31.50
i 30.00
36.00
36.00
31.50

C ents.

DollfS.

5 1? ~
b
u

li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
54.2

24.00
26.00

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

7 li
7
li

li
li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8- 48

53.1
57.3
53.1

25.50
27.50
25.50

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
47.9

24.00
23.00

85- 5i-48
8-8-48

lb

COMPOSITORS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass..........................
Bridgeport, Conn...................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
English.................................
German................................
Fall River, Mass....................
Manchester, N. H .................
Newark, N . J.:
English.................................
German................................
New Haven, Conn.................
New York, N. Y .:
English.................................
Bohemian............................
German................................
Hebrew...............................
TTnr»garianr______________
Italian ................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
English.................... ..........
German................. 1............
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
Portland, Me..........................
Providence, R. I ....................
Rochester, N. Y ....................
Scranton, Pa ......................
Proof readers.......................
Springfield, Mass...................
Worcester, Mass....................

55.2
60.4

26.50
29.00

59.4
50.0
41.7
41.7

28.50
24.00
20.00
20.00

72.9
75.0
5 45.8
8

35.00
36.00
22.00

57 l i

75.0

36.00
24.00
36.00
36.00
33.00
30.00

5H
li
li

60 53.3

81.8
75.0
78.6
71.4

6 li
if

n

li

56 l i

li
li
5 1i

s ii

li
li

62 60.4

29.00
54.2
26.00
60.4
29.00
6 45.8
3
22.00
50.0 9 24.00
58.3
28.00
6 52.1
4
25.00
65 54.2
26.00
52.1
25.00
46.9
22.50

li
1*
li

5 li

2
5 li
5

8 i- 5i-48
8-8-48

2
2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

45.8
41.7
39.6
39.6

22.00
20.00
19.00
19.00

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48

2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

56.3
56.3
44.8

27.00
27.00
21.50

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

58.3
43.8
63.6
60.9
64.3
61.9

28.00 17 8 - 8 -48
21.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
28.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
28.00 8 - 6 - 4 6
27.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
26.00 7 - 7 - 4 2

50.0
41.7
47.9
37.5
45.8
45.8
47.9
50.0
41.7
34.4

24.00 17 8 - 8 -48
20.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
23.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
18.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
22,00 8 - 8 - 4 8
22,00 17 8 - 8 -48
23.00 8 - 8 - 48
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
i 20.00 83— 41-48
9 16.50,17 8 - 8 -48

6 2
9
61 l i

2
2
1
2
2 2
6
2
2
2
2
2
1 2
2
1 2
2
2
2

- 8 -48
7 i- 7i-45
8-4-44
8-8-48
7-7-42
7-7-42

12

17 8

17 8

- 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
17 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 1 - 4|-48
17 8 - 8 -48

12

li
li
li
12
5 li
li
1 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
5 D ouble time after midnight.
7 Double time after 4 hours.
9 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
1 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
2
1 Hours vary but total 48 per week.
7
2 For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.
6
63 Scale became 81.3 cents on Aug. 15, 1919.
64 Scale became 75 cents on Sept. 2,1919.
6 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
5
66 Double time after 6 hours.
6 Double time after 10 p. m ., and on Saturdays after 6 p. m.
7
5 Scale became 46.9 cents on July 1, 1919.
8
5 Triple time on Sundays before 7.30 a. m. and after 5.30 p. m.
9
6 Scale became 62.2 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
c
6 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
1
6 Scale became 81.3 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
2
6 Scale became 56.3 cents on June 1,1919.
3
6 Scale became 58.3 cents on July 1, 1919.
<
6 Scale became 60.4 cents on July 1, 1919.
5




. UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 201
Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
COMPOSITORS—Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

Cents.

D o lls .

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

For
For Sun­
days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Per
Full days; Sat­
week,
Saturdays; urday Per
full
Full week. half hour.
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u l a r ra te
m ulti Iplied
by
1 2
2
n

6
Atlanta, Ga............................. 6 43.8 6 21.00
7
54.2 i 26.00
Baltimore, Md........................
li
lj
Charleston, S. C .....................
37.5 6 18.00
8
52.1
Jacksonville, Fla....................
25.00
li
Norfolk, Va......................
9
42.0 7 20.16 6 90c
9
Richmond, Va........................
48.5 7 23.26
2
H
4
Washington, D. C .................
3
50.0 7 24.00 7 l i

C ents.

17 8 - 8 -48
2 17 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
li
8-8-48
2
7 2
0
8|- 5i-48
li 17 8 - 8 -4874 l i 75 8 - 8 -48

12
3

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

18.00 17 8 - 8 -48
37.5
43.8 9 21.00 17 8 - 8 -48
18.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
37.5
43.8
21.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
42.0 7* 20.16 8 i- 5i-48
37.5
18.00 17 8 - 8 -48
50.0
24.00 75 8 - 8 -48

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
English, Bohemian, Pol­
ish, and Swedish. . . .
German................................
Norwegian............................
Proof readers, Swedish. . .
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................
Cleveland, Ohio:
English.................................
D o......................................
Columbus, Ohio....................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111..
Dayton, Ohio..........................
Des Moines, Iowa..................
Detroit, Mich......................
Grand Rapids, Mich.........
Indianapolis, Ind...............
Kansas City, Mo....................
Milwaukee, W is.....................
Minneapolis, Mirm................
Omaha, Nebr..........................
Peoria, 111.................................
St Louis, M o ...................
St. Paul, Minn.......................

7 li
8

75.0
62.5
7 67.7
7
75.0
51.1

36.00
30.00
32.50
36.00
24.50

62.5
7 60.0
8
58.3

30.00

5n

28.00

5 li
li

65.0
31.20
62.5
30.00
28.00
58.3
72.9 i 35.00
si 50.0 1 24.00
26.00
8 54.2
2
54.2
26.00
26.00
54.2
8 54.0
3
25.92
33.00
68. 8
24.00
50.0
8 52. 7
5
25.30
8 54.0
3
25. 92

2

7 11
6
76 1J
li

li
li
li
8 11
0
li

2 17 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
2
8-8-48
2
2 17 8 - 8 -48
l i 17 8 - 8 -48

57.3
57.3
56.3
59.4
46.9

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
7 60.0
8
52.1

8-8-48

55.0
45.8
52.1
54.7
38.5
52.1
50.0
47.9
45.8
53.1
45.0
52.7
45.8

2
2
li
2
2
li
2
2
2
li
2
8 2
4
2
li
2
2 2
6

17 8 - 8 -48

8-8-48
17 8 - 8 -48
17 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
17 8 - 8 -48
17 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - § -48

27.50 17 8 _ 8 -48
27.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
28.50 17 8 - 8 -48
22.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
24.00
25.00

8 - 8 -4#
8-8-48
8-8-48

26.40 8 - 8 - 4 8
22.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
26.25 17 8 - 8 -48
1 18.50 17 8 - 8 -48
25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
24.00 17 8 - 8 -48
23.00 17 8 - 8 -48
22.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
1 25. 50 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.30 8 - 8 - 4 8
22.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

H
5 li
7 li
8 11
0
li
8 11
6
7 li
i More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
6 Double time after midnight.
7 Double time after 4 hours.
9 Nominal rate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
1 For Sundays: for holidays, time and one-half.
2
1 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
7
2 For New Year's, Thanksgiving, and Memorial days, time and one-half.
6
66 Scale became 50 cents on May 28,1919.
6 94 per cent received from $6.50 to $14 per week more than the scale.
7
8 Nominal rate. All received more; average, $27.50.
8
6 Rate in cents per hour.
9
t For Sundays; lor Christmas, double time; other holidays, regular rate.
o
71 Nominal rate. All received more; average, $28.
7 80 per cent received more than the scale, average $30.
2
’ 3 Nominal rate. All received more, $30 to $45.
Double time after midnight and for overtime on Sundays and holidays.
7 44 hours per week, July to September, inclusive.
5
76 Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
7 Scale became 72.9 cents on June 15,1919.
7
78 Nominal rate per 1,000 ems of 8-point type. All received more; amount not reported.
7 Nominal rate. All received more; average, $30.
9
8° Double time after 3 hours.
8 Scale became 54.2 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
1
8 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 21,1919.
2
8 Scale became 70 cents on June 1,1919.
3
8 For Sundays, July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas; for other holidays, time and one-half.
4
8 Scale became 61 cents on June 1,1919.
6
86 Double time after 11 p. m.




202

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PBIN TIN G AND PU BLISH IN G: B O O S AND JOB— Continued.
COMPOSITORS—Concluded.

May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Cents.

D o lls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.
Toledo, O hio............................
W ichita, K ans........................
Youngstown, O hio................

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
urday Per
Full week.
full
half hour.
time.
holi­
day.

50.0
50.0
60.4

9 24.00
124.00
9 29.00

C en ts .

24.00
121.00
28.00

1 8 - 8 -48
7

8
44.8 8 21.50 6 60C (89)
9
8-8-48
70.
34.00
2
8-8-48
5 li
28.05
9 58.4
0
2 91 8 - 8 -48
7n
2
43. 9 21.00
7
l i 1 8 - 8 -48
H
9 22.00
45.
5 ir
2 1 8 - 8 -48
7
12 2
9 55.4 9 26.60
3
h
8-8-48
2
. 53.1 9 25.50
8|- 5i-48
n
4
50.0
24.00 9 1J
8-8-48
li

44.
57.3
55.8
43.
43.8
48.1
53.1
43.8

i 21.50
27.50
1
26.77 9 8
21.00 17 8

65.
59.4
52.1
59.4
54.2
58.3
59.4
56.3

31.50
28.50
25.00
28.50
9 26.00
28.00
28.50
27.00

1
3

8-8-48

D o lls .

50.0
43.8
58.3

87 ^

17 8 - 8 -48

• 8 -48
•8 -48
■ 8 -48

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Birmingham, A la ..................
Dallas, T e x ...............................
Houston, T e x ..........................
Little Rock, A r k ...................
Louisville, K y .........................
Memphis, Tenn......................
N ashville, T e n n .....................
New Orleans, L a ...................

21.00
123.10
25.50

21.00

■ 8 -48
• 8 -48
- 8 -48
- 8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
5i-48
8 -48

WESTERN.
B utte, M ont.............................
Denver, Colo...........................
Los Angeles, Calif..................
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City, U ta h ...........
San Francisco, Calif.............
Seattle, W a s h ..........................
Spokane, W a sh ......................

78.1
65.6
58.3
75.0
9 62.5
7
99 62.5
75.0
65.6

37.50
31.50
28.00
36.00
9 30.00
30.00
36.00
31.50

-8-48
- 8 -48
- 8 -48
- 8 -48
-8-48
-48
8 - 8 -48
8 -48

More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
» Double time after midnight.
7 Double time after 4 hours.
8 Double time after 10 p. m.
* Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
u For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half,
w Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
«9 Rate in cents per hour.
8 Time and one-half after 10 p. m.
7
8 Nominal rate. All received more, $24.50 to $28.50.
8
8 Overtime rate plus 50 cents per day.
9
9 Scale became 75 cents on June 7,1919.
0
9 44 hours per week. May to August, inclusive.
1
8 Nominal rate. All received more, $28 to $35.
3
9 Scale became 56.3 cents on July 1,1919.
3
9 Double time after 10.30 p. m.
4
95 Double time after 10 p. m ., and on Saturdays after 5 p. nu
9 $1.05 per hour after midnight.
«
9 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
7
9 45 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
8
9 Scale became 81.3 cents on July 26,1919.
9
1




■8
8
•8
■8
•8
•8
•8
■8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 2 0 3
T a b le A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
ELECTROTYPERS: BATTERYMEN AND BUILDERS.
May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

•

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Sun­
Per
For
week,
days Saturdays; urday Per
over­
Full week. half hour.
full
and
time. holi­
time.
holi­
day.
days.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
C en ts. D o lls .
Battery men and blockers. 1 3 9 .6
19.00
Builders and casters......... 1 4 3 .8
21.00
Buffalo, N. Y .........................
43.8
21.00
New Haven, Conn.................
41.1
22.00
New York, N. Y ...................
68.8
30.25
Philadelphia, P a................... 5 62.5
30.00
Pittsburgh, F a.......................
44.8 3 21.50
Rochester,N. Y ....................
50.0
24.00
Scranton P a.......................... 8 45.8
22.00
43.8
21.00
Springfield, Mass...................

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R eguU ir ra te
m u lti '.plied
A

??~

2 ij
h

H
4 li
4 1*
4 l|
li
li
li

C en ts.

2

2
2
2
2
62
2

2
2
2

D o lls .

19.00

8|- 4£-48
81- 4|-48
8-8-48
9 - 8|-53i
8-4-44
8|- 4£-48
7 8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8|- 4J-48

12
12

12

39.6
43.8
41.7
35.5
62.5
55.0
40.6
33.3
39.6
41.7

8|- 41-48
8|- 41-48

12
12

45.8
35.4

3 17.00

8|- 4J-48

12

50.0

24.00

12
12
l£
12
12

18.00
37.5
37.5 is 18.00
39.6 is 19.00
20.00
41.7
37.5
18.00

12
12

21.00
20.00
3 19.00

27.50
26.40
19.50
16.00
8 19.00
20.00

8|- 41-48

818 98 8f 78 8 8 8|-

41-48
8 -48
8|-53i
4 -44

41-48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
41-48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga. . . .
Baltimore, Md..

9 57.3
37.5

27.50
3 18.00

li
4 li

2
1 2
3

70.8

34.00

10 l i

112

12 41. 7
14 37.5

20.00
18.00
19.00
24.00
20.00

4 1*

1 2
3
1 2
3
1 2
3
1 2
3
1 2
7

22.00

8|- 41-48
8f - 41-48

NORTH CENTRAL.

4 lh

4 ll
2 1|
li

41-48
41-48
41-48
41-48
44-48

0
0

is 39.6
50.0
41.7

7 8|7 8 f7 818|8|-

1*
M
b

Chicago, 111...................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Batterymen and casters..
Blockers (floormen).........
Builders..............................
Cleveland, Ohio...................
Columbus, Ohio...................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111..
Des Moines, Iowa.......
Detroit, Mich...............
Grand Rapids, Mich..
Indianapolis, Ind........
Kansas City, Mo.........
Milwaukee, "Vyis..........
Omaha, Nebr...............
Floormen..................
St. Louis, Mo............... ..........
Youngstown, Ohio................

41-48

84— 41-48
8|- 41-48
8f - 41-48
8i - 5i-48
8|- 5i-48

3
is ii 1 2
50.0 3 24.00 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
22.00 8§- 4S-48
4l|
2
8|- 4§-48
12
45.8
24.00 8|- 41-48
2< li 1 2
>
7
50.0
8|- 4|-48
12
2
12
37.5 is 18.00 8§ - 4§-48
37.5
8§- 4§-48
li
1 2
7
43.2 is 19.00 8 - 4 -44
61.4
8-4-44
12
4 li
50.0 1 24.00 8 - 8 -48
5
62.5
2
8-8-48
li
3
19.00 7 8 - 8 -48
39.6
43.8
2i li 1 2 7 8 - 8 -48
9 52.1
37.5 3 18.00 8 - 8 -48
2
8-8-48
li
8 50.0
2
37.5 3 18.00 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
li
20.90 8|- 41-48
43.5
2 43.5
3
12
8 f- 41-48
4 l i 17 2
15.00 8i - 5i-48
12
31.3
2
8 i- 5i-48
31.3
li
54.2 cents on June 5, 1919.
2 Double time after midnight.
3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
4 Double time after 10 p. m.
s Scale became 77.1 cents on Sept. 13,1919.
6 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 2 p. m .; double time thereafter.
7 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
s Scale became 56.3 cents on July 1,1919.
s Scale became 62.5 cents on July 15,1919.
1 Double time after 3§ hours.
0
1 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 1 p. m .; double time thereafter.
1
1 Scale became 43.8 cents on Nov. 11,1919.
2
1 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5p . m .; double time thereafter.
3
14 Scale became 39.6 cents on Nov. 11,1919.
15 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
16 Scale became 41.7 cents on Nov. 11,1919.
17 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon,
is Double time after 8 p. m.
19 Scale became 70.8 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
2 Double time after 8.30 p. m.
0
2 Double time after 9 p. m.
1
2 50 per cent received $3.50 per week more than the scale.
2
23 Scale became 52.1 cents on July 1,1919.




50.0
57.3

19 50.0

3 24.00
27. 50
3 24.00
3 18.00
27.00
is 30. 00
21.00
25.00
2 24. 00
2
20.90
15.00

204

B U L L E T IN

T a b le

O F

T H E

B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S .

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUKS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
ELECTROTYPERS: BATTERYMEN AND BUILDERS—Concluded.
May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hour 8:
For
Full days; with
Per
Sun­ Saturdays; Sat­
For
Per
week,
over­ days Full week. urday hour.
full
and
half
time. holi­
time.
holi­
day.
days.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l a r r a te
m u l t Iplied

SOUTH CENTRAL.

4
Birmingham, Ala.................. 2 52.1
Dallas, Tex.............................
54.2
Houston, T ex.........................
72.9

C ents.

25.00
26.00
35.00

li

23.00
3 35.00

4li

li

2
2
1

8 f- 4^-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

2
li

8-8-48
8-5-45

12

D o lls .

37.5
37.5
72.9

3 18.00
3 18.00
35.00

8 f- 4£-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

39.6
53.3

19.00
3 24.00

8-8-48
8-5-45

WESTERN.

Denver, Colo...........................
Seattle, W ash........ ................

47.9
77.8

li

12

ELECTROTYPERS: FINISHERS AND MOLDERS.
N O RTn ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass...........
Buffalo, N. Y ..........
New Haven, Conn..
New York, N. Y . . .
Philadelphia, P a . ..
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Finishers...............
Holders..................
Rochester, N . Y .:
Finishers............. .
Molders................ .
Scranton, Pa.:
Finishers............. .
Molders................ .
Springfield, Mass.. .

2 52.5
6
56.3
46.7
75.0
2 70.0
7

25.20
27.00
25.00
33.00
33.60.
1
45.8 ss 22.00
53.1 2 25.50
9

52.5
50.0
44.9
68.8
64.2

25.20
24.00
24.00
30.25
30.80

7 8 - 8 -48
7 8 - 8 -48

45.8
53.1

22.00 7 8 - 8 -48
25.50 7 8 - 8 -48

2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
50.0

24.00
24.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8 f- 4£-48

12

43.8 3 21.00
50.0 3 24.00
54.2 1&26.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
81- 4£-48

8 f- 4£-48

2 li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2
62

4112
4li
* li

2
2

28.00
30.00

li
li

24.00
27.00
6
56.3 1 27.00

li
li
li

58.3
62.5
30 50.0
3i 56.3

8|- 4£-48
8-8-48
9 - 8i-53i
8-4-44
8|- 4£-48

12
i2
12

8|- 4£-48
8-8-48
9 - 8i-53i
8-4-44
8 f- 4£-48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, Md.:
Finishers.............
Molders................
Richmond, Va.......
Washington, D. C .

9 57.3

27.50

li

2

8f - 4£-48

12

5
50.0 1 24.00

50.0 3 24.00
54.2 3 26.00
60.4 32 29.00
33 58.3 1 3 28.00

< li

1 2
3
13 2
li
2

8|- 4£-48
8 f- 4£-48
8-8-48
7 8 - 8 -48

12
12

47.9 3 23.00 81- 4£-48
52.1 1 25.00 8J- 4£-48
5
57.3
27.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
58.3 8 28.00 7 8 - 8 -48

u l

li
1 li
0

2 Double time after midnight.
8 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
* Double time after 10 p. m.
8 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 2 p. m .; double time thereafter.
i Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
®Scale became 62.5 cents on July 15,1919.
1 Double time after 3| hours.
0
“ Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m .; double time thereafter,
w More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
8 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 5,1919.
4
sc Scale became 68.8 cents on June 5,1919.
» Scale became 83.3 cents on Sept. 13,1919.
a 33 per cent received $6 per week and 67 per cent received $8 per week more than the scale.
8
*• Nominal rate. All received more, $28 to $30.
8 Scale became 60.4 cents on July 1,1919.
0
8 Scale became 66.7 cents on July 1,1919.
1
» 25 per cent received $6 per week more than the scale.
8 Scale became 75 cents on Aug. 4,1919.
8




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 2 0 5
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
E L E C T R O T Y P E R S : F IN ISH E R S A N D H O LD ER S—Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
For Sun­
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

C ents.

D o lls .

R e g u l a r ra te
m ulti iplied
by
34 2
10 l i
34 2
10 l i

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Finishers..............................
Molders.................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Finishers..............................
Molders.................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Finishers..............................
Molders.................................
Second molders...................
Columbus. Ohio....................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island,
111.:
Finishers..............................
Molders.................................
Dayton, Ohio:
Finishers..............................
Molders.................................
Des Moines, Iowa..................
Detroit, Mich..........................
Grand Rapids, Mich.............
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Finishers..............................
Molders.................................
Kansas City, Mo....................
Milwaukee, W is.....................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Finishers..............................
Molclers.................................
Omaha, Nebr..........................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Finishers..............................
Molders.................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Finishers..............................
Molders.................................
Youngstown, Ohio:
Finishers..............................
Molders.................................

•

77.1
77.1

37.00
37.00

May 15, 1918.

0

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C ents.
12
12

58.3
60.4

28.00
29.00

8 f- 4£-48
8§- 4£-48

7 8f- 4£-48
7 8J- 4£-48

12
12

47.9 is 23.00
52.1
25.00

8 f- 4£-48
8 f- 4£-48

12
12
12
12

52.1
25.00
56.3
27.00
50.0
24.00
47.9 is 23.00

81- 51-48
81-51-48
81- 51-48
81- 51-48

58.3
60.4

8-8-48
8-8-48

25.00
25.00

4li

13 2
13 2

58.3
60.4
56.3
52.1

28.00
29.00
27.00
25.00

2li
2 li
*11
li

13 2
13 2
13 2
17 2

8f8§8-|8f-

58.3
60.4

3 28.00
3 29.00

36 1J
36

13 2
13 2

8-8-48
8-8-48

56.3
62.5
67.7
3 56.3
7
50.4

27.00
30.00
32.50
3 27.00
8 24.20

4U

17 2
17 2
36 2
38 2
2

63.6 i* 28.00
65.9 1 29.00
5
62.5
30.00
56.3
27.00

2 ° li
ii

D o lls .

8f- 4£-48
8f- 4£-48

3 52.1
5
8 52.1
5

4li

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

4£-48
4£-48
4£-48
4£-48

3 28.00
3 29.00

4£-48
4£-48
4|-48
4£-48
4|_48

12
12
12
12
12

47.9
23.00
54.2
26.00
5
56.3 1 27.00
56.3
27.00
50.4 1 24.20
5

8-4-44
8 - 4 - -44
8-8-48

12

12

5
50.0 1 22.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
52.3 1 23.00 8 - 4 - 4 4
6
50.0
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
50.0
24.00 7 8 - 8 -48

7 8f7 8|8§8f8|_

*1 1
< li
li

13 2
13 2
2
13 2

2i n

8|- 4£-48
8f- 4£-48
8-8-48

12
12

50.0
24.00
56.3
27.00
52.1 is 25.00

8|- 4£-48
8 f- 4£-48
8-8-48

2 11
1

78 -8

-4 8

28.50
28.50
32.00

21 l|
li

39 2
39 2
2

« 55.0 is 26.40
5
« 57.3 1 27.50

* li
< li

13 2
13 2

8 f- 4£-48
8 f- 4£-48

12
12

5
55.0 1 26.40
5
57.3 1 27.50

8 f- 4£-48
8 f- 4£-48

21 11
21 11

39 2
39 2

8 f- 4£-48
8 f- 4£-48

12
12

50.0
56.3

24.00
27.00

8 f- 4£-48
8 f- 4£-48

2

81- 51-48
81- 51-48

12
12

47.9
50.0

23.00
24.00

81- 51-48
81- 51-48

59.4
59.4
4 66.7
°

59.4
59.4

28.50
28.50

47.9
50.0

3 23.00
3 24.00

li
li

2

2 Double time after midnight.
3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
* Double time after 10 p. m.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
1 Double time after 3 ^ hours.
0
1 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m.; double time thereafter.
3
1 More than halfreeeived more than the scale; amount not reported.
6
I? Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon.
2° Double time after 8.30 p. m.
& Double time after 9 p. m.
8 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 1 p. m .; double time thereafter.
4
85 Scale became 54.2 cents on Nov. 11,1919.
8 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 6 p. m .; double time thereafter.
6
8 Scale became 77.1 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
7
8 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 3.30 p. m .; double time thereafter.
8
8 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 4 p .m .; double time thereafter.
9
4 Scale became 75 cents on July 7,1919.
0
4 Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1,1919.
1




8-8-48
8-8-48
8§- 4§-48
8f- 4£-48
$ b 4|-48

206

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TING AND PU BLISH IN G: BO O K AN D JOB— Continued.
E L E C T R O T Y P E R S : F IN ISH E R S A N D M OLDERS— Concluded.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full time. and
holi­
time.
days.

C ents.

D o lls .

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.........
Dallas. Tex....................
Memphis, Tenn.............
Nashville, Tenn.:
Finishers....................
Molders........................
New Orleans, L a..........

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
urday Per
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u la r r a te
m u ltip lied
by —

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

4 50.0 « 24.00
2
65.6 3 31.50
62.5
30.00

11
li

2
2
U

8 f- 4J-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

12

If

50.0 3 24.00
43.8 3 21.00
45.8 « 22.00

4
43.8 4 21.00
47.9 4 23.00
5
55.6
25.00

11
11
1*

2
81- 51-48
2
81- 51-48
«
11 4 8 - 5 -45

12
12
12

43.8
47.9
40.0

3 21.00 81- 51-48
*23.00 81- 5|-48
6
18.00 4 8 - 5 -45

12

47.9
54.2
56.3
56.3
62.5
66.7

23.00
26.00
27.00!
s 27.00;
30.00!
30.00|

8 f- 4£-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

WESTERN.

Denver, Colo.:
Finishers.....................
Molders........................
Los Angeles, Calif........
Portland, Oreg.............
San Francisco, Calif.. .
Seattle, W ad i................

54.2
60.4
70.8
90.9
62.5
77.8

26.00
29.00
34.00
40.00
30.00
35.00

4 11
4 11
2 11
4711
11
11

2
2
11

48 2

2
11

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-5-45

12

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-5-45

L IN O T YPE OPERATORS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass..........................
59.4
28.50
55.2
Monotype operators..........
26.50
Bridgeport, Conn...................
60.4
29.00
Buffalo, N . Y .........................
59.4 3 28.50
Fall River, Mass....................
46.9
22.50
Manchester, N . H .................
41.7 3 20.00
Newark, N . J..........................
72.9 1 35.00
5
New Haven, Conn................. 6 45.8 3 22.00
0
New York, N . Y .:
English.................................
75.0
36.00
German................................
86.7
32.50
Hebrew................................ 5 102.8
2
37.00
Hungarian...........................
100.0
42.00
71.4
Italian...................................
30.00
Philadelphia, Pa.:
3
English................................. 6 64.6
31.00
German................................
65.0
26.00

2H
2 11
H
11
11
11
4H

2
2
11
2
2
2
37 2
2

81- 51-48
81- 51-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -4#
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

2 11
H
2ll
ll
H

51

2
2
2
1
2

7 8 - 8 -48
71- 71-371
€ - 6 -36
7-7-42
7-7-42

2U
H

542
2

12
12

7 8 - 8 -48
8-0-40

54.2
26.00
50.0
24.00
5
50.0 1 24.00
59.4
28.50
46.9
22.50
39.6
19.00
56.3
27.00
45.8 1&22.00
58.3
73.3
91.7
71.4
61.9

5 12
5

28.00 7 8 - 8 -48
27.50 71- 71-371
33.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
30.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
26.00 7 - 7 - 4 2

54.2 is 26.00 7 8 - 8 -48
57.5
23.00 8 - 0 - 4 0

2 Double time after midnight.
* Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
4 Double time after 10 p. m.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
1 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
6
3 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 6 p .m .; double time thereafter.
7
4 Scale became 72.9 cents on July 5,1919.
2
4 Nominal rate. All received more, $27 to $30.
3
4 Nominal rate. All received more, $30 to $40.
4
« Nominal rate. All received more, $30 to $32.
4 Hours worked; maximum 8 hours per day, 48 per week.
6
4 Double time after 4 hours.
7
4 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 2.30 p. m .; double time thereafter.
8
4 Double time after 6 hours.
9
6 Scale became 46.9 cents on July 1,1919.
0
6 Triple time on Sunday before 7.30 a. m. and after 5.30 p. m.
1
6 Scale became $1,167 on Sept. 1,1919.
2
6 Scale became 85.4 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
3
6 For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.
4
6 Full holiday on Saturday.
6




81- 51-48
81- 51-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 2 0 7
T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TIN G AN D PU BLISH IN G : BO O K AN D JOB— Continued.
L IN O T Y P E OPER ATO RS— Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC—concld.

For
For Sun­
days
over­
time. and
holi­
days.

May 15, 191S.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l a r ra te
mult\ iplied

Pittsburgh, Pa.:
C en ts. D o lls .
English.................................
2
33.00
68.8
if
German................................
54.2
26.00 5 80c
6
2
Monotype............................
2
62- 5
30.00
U
Portland, M e........................ . 5 45.8
7
22.00
2
li
Providence, R. I .................. .
2
54.2 3 26.00
2 li
Monotype............................
2
58.3 3 28.00
* li
Rochester, N . Y ....................
58.3
28.00
2
li
Monotype............................
58.3
28.00
2
li '
69 2
Scranton, Pa.......................... 6 54.2
8
26.00
li
Springfield, Mass...................
52.1
2
25.00
* ii
Worcester, Mass....................
46.9
2
22.50
ii

C ents.

D o lls .

46.9
50.0
50.0
53.1
47.0
45.8
6 11.0
6
56.3

22.50 7 8 - 8 -48
1 24.00 7 8 - 8 -48
5
is 24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
3 22.56 8 i- 5i-48
6 22.00 7 8 - 8 -48
5
7 8 - 8 -48
27.00 8 - 8 -48

7 8 - 8 -48
6-6-36
8-8-48
8-8-48
7 8 - 8 -48

60.2
65.9
57.3
56.3
59.4

28.90 7 8 - 8 -48
23.74 6 - 6 - 3 6
27.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
28.90 7 8 - 8 -48

28.00
li
li
19.00 66 50C 6 50c
6
33.00
2
2 li
28.00
li
li

7 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7 8 - 8 -48

54.2 15 26.00
39.6
19.00
62.5 is 30.00
52.1
25.00

31.20
28.00
40.80

8-8-48
8-8-48
7 8 - 8 -48

55.0
54.2
60.5:

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7 8 - 8 -48
7 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8 f- 4£-48
7 8 - 8 -48

12

27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
56.3
50.8
24.40 8 - 8 - 4 8
50.0
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
18.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
37.5
25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
52.1
27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
56.3
23.00 7 8 - 8 -48
47.9
22.00 7 8 - 8 -48
45.8
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
50.0
20.00 8 f- 4£-48
41.7
43.8 is 21.00 7 8 - 8 -48

SOUTH ATLANTIC
Atlanta, Ga............................
Baltimore, Md.......................
Charleston, S. C .....................
Jacksonville, Fla...................
Norfolk, Va.............................
Richmond, V a.......................
Do......................................
Washington, D. C.................

e 46.9
o
60.4
50.0
58.3
47.0
54.2
6 12.0
6
56.3

6122.50
li
is 29.00
li
6i 24.00
li
28.00
li
6 22.56 66 90C
2
64 26.00
li
li

6 27.00
7

6 li
8

37.40
29.16
30.00
32.50
37. 40

7 li
0
70 l i
2

59 2

7 8 - 8 -48
7 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
2
8-8-48
63 l i
8J- 5i-48
7 8 - 8 -48
li
7 8 - 8 -48
li
6 l i 6 8 - 8 -48
8
9
2

li

12
3

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, III.:
English.................................
77.9
Bohemian............................
81.0
German................................
62.5
Norwegian........................... n 67.7
Swedish...............................
77.9
Cincinnati, Ohio:
English.................................
58.3
German................................
39.6
Cleveland, Ohio..................... 7 68.8
2
Columbus. Ohio....................
58.3
Davenport, Iowa, Moline
and Rock Island, 111.......
65.0
Des Moines, Iowa..................
58.3
Detroit, Mich..........................
85.0

70 l i

7 li
0

li
li
7 11
3

2
2
2
2
2

2
li

2

26.40 8 - 8 - 4 8
26.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
29.04 7 8 - 8 -48

2 Double time after midnight.

3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
7 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
i*More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
w Rate in cents per hour.
6 Scale became 56.3 cents on June 1,1919.
7
68 Scale became 60.4 cents on July 1,1919.
“ For Sundays; for holidays time and one-half.
6 Scale became 50 cents on May 28,1919.
0
® Nominal rate. All received more; average, $30.
6 Nominal rate. All received more; average, 132.56.
2
6 For Sundays and Christmas double time.
3
6 67’per cent received $9 per week more than the scale.
4
96 67 per cent received $8 per week more than the scale.
6 Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.
6
«7 Nominal rate. All receive more, $36 to $50.
68 Double time after midnight and for overtime on Sundays and holidays.
® 44 hours per week, July to September, inclusive.
9
70 Double time after 3 hours and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
7 Scale became 72.9 cents on June 15,1919.
1
7 Scale became 79.4 cents on June 11,1919.
2
7 Double time after 3 hours.
3




8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

208

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOK STATISTICS.

T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.

PRIN TIN G AND PUBLISHIN G: BO O K AND JOB— Continued.
L IN O T Y P E O PERATORS—Concluded.

May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

• Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.

Grand Rapids, Mich...........
Indianapolis, Ind.................
Kansas City, Mo...................
Milwaukee, W is.:
English...............................
German..............................
Minneapolis, Minn...............
Omaha, Nebr........................
Peoria, 111..............................
St. Louis, M o.:
English...............................
German..............................
St. Paul, Minn.....................
Wichita, Kans......................
Monotype operators.........

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
urday Per
Full week.
half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C ents.

a 26.00
29.00
33.50

1
2H
li

2
2

60.4 is 29.00
29.00
60.4
7 61.5
5
29.50
33.00
68.8
24.00
50.0

*1*
li
4 1|
7
7 11
3

2
2
76 2
*2

7 63.8
7
60.4
7 61.5
5
50.0
49.0

7 1^
8
7 11
8
4 1J
7
7 14
9
7 1J
9

54.2

74 60.4

30.60
29.00
29.50
3 24.00
23.50

n

n

7 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
7 8 - 8 -48

45.8
56.3
62.5

D o lls .

3 22.00 7 8 - 8 -48
27.00
30.00

11

8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

54.2 is 26.00 7 8 - 8 -48
54.2
26.00 7 8 - 8 -48
52.1
25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
53.1 3 25. 50 8 - 8 - 4 8
21.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
45.0

2
2
5 2
4
1*
li

•8
•8
■8
■8
■8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

54.2
52.1
48.4
46.9

78

-

28.60 8 - 8 - 4 8
26.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
s 23.25 7 8 - 8 - 4 8
3 22.50 7 8 - 8 -48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala................
Dallas, Tex............................
Monotype operators........
Houston, Tex........................
D o....................................
Little Rock, Ark..................
Louisville, K y......................
Memphis, Tenn....................
Nashville, Tenn...................
New Orleans, La..................
Do....................................

57.
66 12.0
76.0
70-0
6 12. 5
6
50.0
54.2
68.8
56.3
53.3
15.0

5 75c
6
1
*l£
4 1|
7
1
si 24.00
li
3 26.00
*14
3 33.00
li
3 27.00
li
2
24.00 8 l i
36.50
33.60

li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
so 8 - 8 -48
so 8 - 8 -48
7 8 - 8 -48
7 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8i - 5^-48
7 i - 7 1-45
7 \ - 7i-45

57.3
66 12 .0

12

62.5
70.0
6 12.5
6
50.0
52.1
56.3
56.
53.3
6 15.0
6

-8-48
-8-48
-8-48
30.00
so 8 - 8 -48
33
» 8 — 8 -48
24.00 7 8 - 8 -48
25.00 7 8 - 8 -48
3 27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
27.00 8 i- 5|-48
24.00 7*- 7^-45
7 * -■7J-45
r
27.50

WESTERN.

Denver, Colo.........................
Los Angeles, Calif................
Portland, Oreg.....................
Salt Lake City, Utah..........
San Francisco, Calif............
Spokane, Wash....................

31.50 8
65.6
3
34.00
70.8
100.0
48.00 5 150C 5 103c
6
6
8 64.6 1 31.00
4
5
li
li
86 68 .8
33.00
li
1J
1
31.50
70.0
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
>8-8-48
8-8-48
7i- 7i-45

59.4
28.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
62.5
33.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
68.
5
48
56.3 1 27.00 *8 — 8 —
33.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
68.8
66.7
30.00 7£- 7J-45

2 Double time after midnight.
3 Nominal rate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
7 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
15 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
« Double time after 4 hours.
64 Time and one-half on New Year’ s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days,
w Ratein cents per hour.
6 For Sundays; for holidays time and one-half.
9
66 Per 1,000 ems nonpareil.
7 Double time after 3 hours.
3
74 Scale became 68.8 cents on July 21,1919.
’ 6 Scale became 70 cents on June 1,1919.
For Sundays, July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas; other holidays time ard one-half.
77 Scalejbecame 67.9 cents on June 1,1919.
78 Double time after 11 p. m .
79 Time and one-half after 10 p. m.
80 44 hours per week. May to August, inclusive
Nominal rate. Allreceived more, $30 to $4*1
82 Double time after 10.30 p. m.
8 Double time after 10 p. m . and on Saturday after 5 p m
3
84 Scale became 75 cents per hour on July 1,1919.
85 45 hours per week, June to August, inclusive
86 Scale became 81.3 cents on July 26,1919.
8 For seventh day per week and for holidays
7




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 2 0 9
T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PBIN TING AND PUBLISHIN G: BO O K AND JOB —Continued.
MACHINE TEN D ER S.

May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Per
For Sun­ Saturdays; Sat­
week, over­ days
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
full time. and
full
half
holitime’.
holi­
time.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

R e g u la r ra te
’
m u ltip lied

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Cents.

Boston, Mass..................
Newark, N . J..................
New York, N. Y .:
1 to 4 machines...........
5 to 8 machines...........
9 to 12 machines.........
13 or more machines..
Springfield, Mass...........

59.4
72.

D o lls .

Cents.

28.50
35.00

8 1*
8
8 1£
9

2
2

S ir

75.0
36.00
37.50
78.1
39.50
82.3
86.5
41.50
52.1 9i 25.00

8 n
8
8 H
8
8 li
8
8
8
8 1}
8

90 2
90 2
90 2
90 2

78 78 78 78 8 f-

2

5^-48
8-8-48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
4J-48

12

12

54.2
56.

D o lls .

26.00
27.00

28.00
58.3
29.50
61.5
M31.50
65.
69.8 si 33.50
2
41.7 9 20.00

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, Md...............
Washington, D. C........

33.00
68.8
3
56.3 9 27.00

! - 8 -48
! - 8 -48

28.00
58.3
56.3 9i 27.00

7 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
7 8 - 8 -48
7 8 - 8 -48
7 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48

28.90
60.2
54.2 »2 26.00
62.5 9 30.00
1
26.00
54.2
29.04
60.5
30.00
62.5
26.00
54.2
25.00
52.1
28.60
59.

38 78 78 8§7i-

35.00
72.9
24.00
50.0
50.0
24.00
>
53.1 *i 25.50
24.00
53.3

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
English and Swedish.
Cincinnati, Ohio...........
Cleveland, Ohio............
Des Moines, Iowa.........
Detroit, Mich.................
Kansas City, Mo...........
Milwaukee, W is............
Minneapolis, Minn.......
St. Louis, Mo.................

37.40
77.9
28.00
58.3
33.00
68.8
28.00
58.3
85.0 9 40.
2
33.50
69.8
60.4 9 29.00
1
9 61.5
8
29.50
30.60
163.8

9 11
5
i:
8 i;
8
ii
97 11

li
8 li
8
4 li
7
2li

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Houston, Tex................
Little Rock, Ark..........
Louisville, K y...............
Nashville, Tenn...........
New Orleans, L a..........

80.2
38.50
50.0 <24.00
52.1 9 25.00
2
53.1 92 25.50
53.3
24.00

47 1£

li
8 li
8
li
5li

8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
5£-48
7£-45

WESTERN.

Los Angeles, Calif........
San Francisco, Calif___

70.8
75.0

34.00
36.00

8 - * -48
8 - * -48

62.5
75.0

30.00
36.00

1 Scale became 67.9 cents on June 1,1919.
2 Double time after 11 p. m.
* 44 hours per week, May to August, inclusive.
4 Nominal rate. A ll received more; average, $35.
6 Double time after 10 p. m.
fi For seventh day and for holidays.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
« Double time after 4 hours.
6 44 hours per week, July to September, inclusive.
9
88 Double time after midnight.
8 Double time after 10 p. m. and on Saturdays after 6 p. m.
8
8 Triple time cn Sundays before 7.30 a. m. and from 5.30 p. m. to midnight,
0
si More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
92 Nomina Irate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
53 Nominal rate. A ll received more, $36 to $50.
»4 Double time after midnight and for overtime on Sundays and holidays.
98 Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
96 Scale became 79.4 cents on June 11,1919.
»7 Double time after 3 hours.
98 Scale became 70 cents on June 1, 1919.
9 For Sundays, July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas; for New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days,
9
time and one-half.

172259°—20—Bull. 274------ 14




210

BULLETIN' OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T ablk A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PU B LISH IN G : B O O S AND JOB— Continued.
M A C H IN IST OPERATORS.

May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
end
time. time. holi­
days.
Per

Per
hour.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied

NORTH ATLANTIC.
C ents.

Buffalo, N. Y ..........................
New Haven, Conn.................
Providence, R. I.:
Operating and caring for
1 machine.........................
Operating I and caring

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

D o lls .

r

63.5
8 54.2

7 30.50
9 26.00

10 1 4

.

2

C ents.

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

D o lls .

63.5
54 .2

30.50
®26.00

1-8-48
J- 8 -48

56.3

7 27.00

io l i

8 -8 -4 8

5 4 .2

26.00

- 8 -48

for 2 m
achines............

58.3

7 28.00

i°l|

8 -8 -4 8

56.3

27.00

- 8 -48

Operating 1 and earing
lor 3 machines.................
Rochester, N. Y ....................
Springfield, Mass...................

60.4
58.3
52.1

729.00
28.00
7 25.00

io 1

8 - 3 -48
n 8 - 8 -48
8f- 4J-48

58.3
52.1
41.7

28.00
- 8 -48
25.00 H8 - 8 -48
7 20.00 8 f- 4£-48

7 25.50 n 8 - 8 -48
24.00 u 8 - 8 -48
27.00
8 -48

1

io l j

12

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga..........
Baltimore, Md—
Jacksonville, Fla.

142
2

ii 8 - 8 -48
n 8 - 8 -48
n 8 - 8 -48

53.1
50.0
56.3

2
2
2
2

ii g _ g _48
8-8-48
ii 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
n 8 - 8 -48
n 8 - 8 -48

ii
28.901 8 ■
60.2
24.00
50.0
29.04 H8 60.5
8
56.3 1 27.00 8 28.00 8 ■
58.3
25.501 8
53.1
28.00 8 ■
58.3
28.00 8 •
58.3
23.50;ii 8 .
49.0
30.00 H 8 ■
62.5

59.4 7 28.50 2 80c (26)
5
2 12.0
7
1
0
80.2
38.50 2 14
2
56.3 **27.00
ir
u
0
56.3 7 27.00 1 li
2
62.5 7 30.00
2
ii
60.0
27.00 2914

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
38 - 8 -48
ii 8 - 8 -48
ii 8 - 8 -48
84- 54-48
74- 7|-45

12 53.1 1 25.50
3

60.4
62.5

29.00
30.00

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago.. Ill............................
Dayton’ Ohio........................
Detroit, Mich........................
Indianapolis, Ind.................
Minneapolis, Minn...............
•Omaha, Nebr.......................
St. Paul, Minn.....................
Toledo, Ohio.........................
Wichita, Kans......................
Youngstown, Ohio..............

77.

62.

85.

1 60.
7
1 66.
8
68.

22 66.7
50.
64.

37.40
30.00
40.80
29.00
32.00
33.00
32.00
7 28.00
24.00
731.00

1 14
5
li

1 14
6
1014

2 14
0
i6 ir
2 1
0 1
2 i;
0
24 1
li

2 2
1

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala..
Dallas, Tex.............
Houston, Tex.*----Little Rock, A rk ..
Louisville, K y........
Nashville, T enn.. .
New Orleans, L a -.

59.4
2 12.0
7
72.9
56.3
54.2
62.5
12
60.0

28.50

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

35.00 38 - 8 -48
27.00 ii 8 - 8 -48
26.00 n 8 - 8 -48
30.00 84- 5^-48
27.00 74- 74-45

* 44 hours per week, May to August, inclusive.
7 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported,
s Scale became 55.2 cents on July 1,1919.
» And $2 per week for each additional machine. All received more than the scale; amount not reported.
1 Double time after midnight.
0
1 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
1
12 Scale became 56.3 cents on May 28,1919.
I* Nomina Irate. A ll received more; average $35.
14 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
is Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week,
is Double time after 3 hours.
17 Scale became 68.8 cents on July 28, 1919.
is More than half received more than the scale; amountnot reported.
i° Scale became 82.7 cents on June 1,1919.
2 Double time after 4 hours.
0
21 For Sundays, July 4, Labor Bay, and Christmas; other holidays, time and one-half.
22 Scale became 76.3 cents on June 1, 1919.
23 For New Year's, Memorial, July 4, Thanksgiving, and Christmas days; other holidays, double time.
2 Time and one-half after 10 p. m.
4
25 Rate in cents per hour.
2« Overtime rate plus 50 cents per day.
2 Per 1,000 ems nonpareil, and 50 cents per day additional.
7
2 Nominal rate. A ll received more, $30 to $35.
8
2 Double time after 10.30 p. m.
9




U N IO N

S C A L E

O F

W A G E S

A N D

H O U R S

O F

L A B O R ,

M A Y

15,

1919.

211

T abiiE A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
PRIN TIN G AND PUBLISH IN G : B O O K AND JOB— Continued.
M ACH INIST OPER ATO RS—Concluded.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
feaur.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Cents..

D o lls .

WESTERN.

43.50
90.6
Butte, Mont............................
Sait Lake City, Utah............ •0 70.8 18 34.00
Saai Francisco, Calif........... j 82 75.0
36.00
107.1
45.00
Seattle. W a s h .........................
34.50
Spokane, W&s£l ....................
76.7

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l a r ra te
muU\Ipiied
by

5 1J

10 l|
10 i f

2° 14

1 0 1|

2

C ents.

8-8-48
51 8 - 8 -48 .

6li
if

1

3;

8-8-48
7-7-42
7 j r 7|-45

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D oU s.

39.00
81.3
62.5 18 30.00 a
75.0
36.00
85.7
36.00
73.3 733.0 0

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
7-7-42
7§- 7^-45

43.8
62.5
54.2
62.5
58.3
58.3

S i - 4 -4 8

PHOTO-ENG R AVER S.
■NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Maas..........................
Buffalo, N. Y .........................
New Haven, Conn................
New York, N . Y ...................
Philadelphia, Pa...................
Pittsburgh, Pa......................
Providence, R . I.:
Etchers, finishers, and

33.00
68.8
62.5
30.00
56.3 is 27.00
68.8
33.00
79.2 18 38.00
30.00
62.5

34 1 J

34 14
20 i f

2 1|
0

62.5
47.-9
62.5
58.3

30.00
23.00
30.00
7 28.00

U
11
u
1*

66.7
58.3
58.3
>72.9

32.00
28.00
28.00
35.00

2 u
0
li

75.0
Chicago, 111................................... 75.0
Cincinnati, Ohio.................... ..... 662.5
2 .5
Cleveland, Ohio.......................... 62.5
62.5
Columbus, Ohio.......................... 72.-9
72.-9
Dayton, O h io............................. 56.3
56.3
Des Moines, Iowa.................. ..... 70.8
70.8
62.5
Detroit, Mich............................... 62.5
Grand Rapids, Mich............. ..... 57.3
57.3

18 36.00
18 36.00
30.00
3 0 .0 0

Zinc etcfJSfand proofers.
Scranton, Pa-----Springfield, Mass.

2
2
2
36 2

2
2

81- 4 -48
12
8fr- 4 -48
12
_4g
12
-48
-48
11 8 - 8 -48 .........
35 g|_ 4
n 8 - 8
11 8 - 8

H n 8 n
H % g_
8f 2
2 37 9 -

8 -48
g -48
4J-48
4 -48

12
12

21.00

. 30.00 S i - 4 -4 8
is 26.00 ■8f - 4 -48
is 30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
28.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
18 28.00 > 8 - 8 - 4 8

52.1 7 25.00
21.00
43.8
56.3 7 27.00 8|‘
54.2 18 26.00 379

8 -48
8 -48

4i-48
4 -48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, Md.......
Richmond, V a ----Washington, D, C.

n

34

2

36 2

2

(39)

8-8-48
8|- 4£-48
11 8* -

4 -48
8f - 4£-48

12
12
12

54.2 7 26.00
28.00
-58.3
28.00 u
58.3
58.3 is 28.00

1-8-48
If- 4£-48
8|- 4 -48
8%r

5^-48

8 8 fgf8 f8 9 8 f8 f-

8- 48
4£-48
4£-48
4§-48
8 -48
4 -48
4i-48
4£-48

NORTH CENTRAL.

30.00
30.00
35.00
35.00
7 27.00
7 27.00
is34.00
18 34.00
is 30.00
18 30.00
is 27.50
is 27.50

4° o i i
* 11
2 8 64.6 31.00 u
2 n11 8 -8 8-48 ..................64.6 is18 31.00
-48
U
2 n 8 - 4£-48
12 58.3
28.00
12
58.3
28.00
2 11 8f £ -4£-48
1§
20
2
8 - 4£-48
12 58.3
28.00
2
12
58.3
28.00
2 lif
0 j
8ff-4£ -4 8
25.00
li
2
8|- 4£-48
12
12 52.1
52.1
25.00
2
8f - 4£-48
1|
27.00
2 8 8 - 8 - 4 8 ..................56.3
- 8 -48
27.00
2
56.3
ii f
f
12
20 < 2 ^ 9 4 8
12 58.3 is 28.00
58.3 is28.00
20 li 4112 42 9 _ 44- -48
2
8f- 4£-48
12 58.3 is 28.00
12
2
8f - 4£-48
58.3 is 28.00
220 i|
0 11
34 i f 36 2
12
a*
3 2
6
8 - 4}-48
12 41.7 is 20.00
8ff- 4£-48
41.7 is 20.00

* Double time aftear 10 p. m.
« For seventh day and for holidays.
J Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
10 Double time after midnight.
11 Hours vary, but total 48 per. week.
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
20 Double time after 4 hours.
so Scale became 81.3 cents for 1 machine, 84.6 for 2 machines, and 87.5 for over 2 machines on July 1,1919.
si 45 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
82 Scale became 87.5 cents on July 26,1919.
34 Double time after 4 hours; triple time after 8 hours.
3 Fridays, 9 hours.
5
36 Triple time after 8 hours.
3 Mondays, 8 hours.
7
38 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
ss Two days’ pay for 8 hours’ work, or less; triple time after 8 hours.
4 Double time after 3 hours.
0
41 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 1 p. m . ; double time thereafter.
42 Thursdays and Fridays, 8| hours.




212

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRIN TIN G AND PU B LISH IN G : B O O K AND JOB— Continued.
PH O T O -E N G R A V E R S— Concluded.

May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
with
For Hours:
Per
Sun­ Full days; Sat­
Per
For
week, over­ days Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
full
and
half hour.
full
time. time. holi­
holi­
time.
day.
days.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH CENTRAL— COndd.
C ents.

Indianapolis, Ind.................
Kansas City, Mo..................
Milwaukee, W is...................
Minneapolis, Minn...............
Omaha, Nebr........................
St. Paul, Minn.....................
Toledo, Ohio.........................

D o lls .

35.00
72.9
72.9 is 35.00
« 6 4.
31.00
64.2
30.80
28.00
58.3
30.80
4 64.2
6
62.5 7 30.00

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied
by —

« 2
2
42
5
2
2
2

Cents.

D o lls .

4£-48
4 -48
4£-48
4£-48
4£-48
4£-48
5§-48

58.3
58.3
58.3
56.3
58.3
56.3
43.8

28.00 8 f28.00 8 f28.00 8 1 27.00 8 f7 28.00 u 8 f27.00 8 f21.00 8 i-

«°li

8f~ 41-48
li 8 f- 4£-48

58.3
58.3

7 2 8 .0 0

2 li
0
r
2 1
0
1
1
2 1|
0
. li

8 f- 4 1 -4 8
4 g - 8 -48
8
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48

52.1
25.00
50.0 is 24.00
62.5 7 30.00
50.0 is 24.00
68.2 is 30.00
78.4
34.50
57.3 7 27.50

4 ll
3
*3 U
H
< 1J
3
li

8 fa 8 fs
8 f8 fii 8 f8 f8 i-

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

4£-48
4£-48
4\ -48

4£-48
4£-48
4£-48
5^-48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex............................
Houston, Tex.......................

«7 2 .9
72.

35.00
35.00

43 ^

28.00

8 f- 4£-48
ii 8 f- 4£-48

W ESTERN.

Denver, Colo.........................
Los Angeles, Calif................
Portland, Oreg.....................
Salt Lake City, Utah..........
coan Francisco, Calif............
Seattle, Wash.......................
Spokane, Wash....................

69.0
8 50.0
90.9
70.
68.2
90.9
59.4

33.12
7 24.00

40.00
34.00
7 30.00
40.00
28.50

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-8-48

PRESS FEEDERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

45.8 1 22.00
8

io l j

2

8 f- 4£-48

12

39.6 18 19.00

81- 4£-48

47.9

723.00

io l i

2

8J- 4£-48

12

41.7

20.00

81- 4 i-4 8

35.4
31.3

17.00
7 15.00

li
li

2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48

31.3
25.0

15.00
12.00

8 - 8 -4 8
8 - 8 - 4 8

21.00
49 43.8
W31.3 is 15.00
4 43.8
9
21.00
5131.3
15.00
5 29.2
2
14.00

io l i
1 li
0
!0 l i
1 li
0
1 li
0

2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8

34.4
29.2
35.4
25.0
22.9

16.50 ii 8
14.00 ii 8
17.00 ii 8
12.00 ii 8
11.00 ii 8

31.00

43 1-t

53 2

-

8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
G
O

1

64.6

ii
ii
n
ii
ii

1
00

Boston, Mass.:
Cylinder presses.................
(Two-color or perfecting
presses..............................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Cylinder presses.................
Platen presses.....................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Cylinder presses.................
Cylinder presses (females)
Automatic presses.............
Platen presses.....................
Platen presses (females)...
Newark, N. J.:
Cylinder presses.................

12

39.0 is 18.70

7 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
1 Double time after midnight.
0
1 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
1
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
20 Double time after 4 hours.
35 Fridays, 9 hours.
4 Double time after 3 hours.
0
4 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 1 p. m .; double time thereafter.
1
« Double time after 9 p. m.
Scale became 66.7 cents on July 1,1919.
4 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoons.
5
4 Scale became 67.2 cents on July 1,1919.
6
4 Scale became 79.2 cents o n July 1,1919.
7
4 Scale became 75 cents per hour and 44 hours per week on July 21,1919.
8
® Scale became 52.1 cents on Sept. 29,1919.
w Scale became 37.5 cents on Sept. 29,1919.
w Scale became 35.4 cents on Sept. 29,1919.
Scale became 33.3 cents on Sept. 29,1919.
63 Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 4 p. m .; double time thereafter.




-8
- 8
- 8
- 8
- 8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

81- 4£-48

UNION' SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

213

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESS FEED ER S—Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
For Sun­
days
over­
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­ JPer
week,
Full week. urday hour.
half
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC— concld.

New Haven, Conn.:
Cylinder
and
platen
presses....*......................
New York, N . Y .:
Hand cylinder presses and
folding machines, or
press assistants attend­
ing automatic feeders on
cylinder press or sex­
tuple folding machines..
Platen presses.....................
Philadelphia, Pa. (competi­
tive offices):
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
inches or over; or flat-bed
perfecting presses; press
assistants, web rotary
and flat-sheet rotary,
flat-bed, automatic feed­
ers, or rotary presses,
all sizes..............................
Cylinder presses, under 25
by 38 inches.....................
Cylinder presses, all sizes
(females)..........................
Philadelphia, Pa. (noncom­
petitive offices):
Press assistants—
Cylinder or rotary
presses
under
46
inches...........................
Cylinder
or
rotary
presses, 46 and un­
der 69 inches.................
Cylinder
or
rotary
presses, 69 inches or
over..............................
Single production Mc­
Kee presses..................
Double production Mc­
Kee presses.................
Two flat-bed presses----Rotogravures or in­
taglio presses..............
Cylinder presses under 25
by 38 inches.....................

C ents.

25.0

D o lls .
7 12.00

62.5
41.7

30.00
20.00

55 45.8
57 37.5

B e g u l ar ra te
m u lti p lied
by

2

6 1£

2
2

ii 8 - 8 -48
ii 8 - 8 -48

22.00

11

6«2

18.00

1 11
0

56 2

58 33.3

16.00

1 11
0

56 2

ii 8 - 8 -48

55 45.8

22.00

1 11
0

2

9 f- 0 —
48

W54.2

26.00

1 11
0

2

C ents.

ii § _ g -48

6 1£

54

D o lls .

25.0

7 12.00 ii 8 - 8 -48

45.8
35.4

22.00 n 8 - 8 -48
17.00 n 8 - 8 -48

ii 8 - 8 -48

41.7

20.00 ii 8 - 8 -48

ii 8 - 8 -48

33.3

16.00 ii 8 - 8 -48

29.2

14.00 ii 8 - 8 -48

6 12
®

41.7

20.00

9 f- 0 -48

9£~ 0 -48

69 12

50.0

24.00

91- 0 -48

6156.9

27.30

10 11

2

9|- 0 -48

5»12

52.7

25.30

9 f- 0 -48

6 55.7
2

26.75

1 11
0

2

9 f- 0 -48

59 12

51.6

24.75

9 f- 0 -48

6 47.9
3
64 50.0

23.00
24.00

1 11
0
1 11
0

2
2

9 |_ o -48
9 f- 0 -48

6 12
9
5 12
9

47.9
45.8

23.00
22.00

9|- 0 -48
9f~ 0 -48

6 45.4
5

21.80

1011

2

9 f- 0 -48

69 1 2

41.3

19.80

9|- 0 -48

6 40.8
6

19.60

1 11
0

2

9 f- 0 -48

69 12

36.7

17.60

9f— 0 —
48

» Double time after 10 p. m.
7 Nominal rate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
Double time after midnight,
ii Hours vary but total 48 per week.
6 Double time after 5 hours.
4
6 Scale became 62.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
6
se For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.
67 Scale became 54.2 cents on Sept, 1,1919.
68 Scale became 50 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
6# Full holiday on Saturday.
*> Scale became 70.8 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
«i Scale became 73.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
•2 Scale became 72.4 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
Scale became 69.4 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
64 Scale became 66.7 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
6 Scale became 62.1 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
5
66 Scale became 57.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.




2X4

BULLETIN 03? THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
PBIN TING AN D PUBLISH IN G: B O O K AN D JOB— Continued.
P R ESS FEED ER S— Continued.
May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
<?ity.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week,
over­ days
and
full
time. holi­
time.
days.

C en ts.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC— concld.

Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Cylinder presses...............
Cylinder presses and fold­
ing machines (females).,.
Platen presses.....................
Platen presses (females). .
Portland, Me.:
Cylinder presses............
Providence, R . I.:
Cylinder presses............
Platen presses...............
Rochester, Ni. Y .:
Cylinder presses............
Platen presses...............
Scranton, Pa.:
Cylinder presses............
Platen presses...............
Springfield, Mass.:
Cylinder presses............
Platen presses...............
Worcester, Mass.:
Cylinder presses............
Platen presses...............

6 39.6
8

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied
b y—

n-8-8 -48

C en ts.

Hours:

Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

31.3

1 15.00H8 - 8 -48
8

25.0
22.9
20.8

12.00.11 8 - 8 - 4 8
11.00.118 - 8 -48
lO O 8 - 8 - 4 8
.O H

19.00

“ if

16.00
15.00
14.00

io
“ li
io ii

31.3 is 15.00

wli

29.2
25.0

714.00
7 12.00

1 li
0

40.6
34.4

19.50
16.50

“ li
“ li

ro 38.5
71 28.1

18.50
13.50

“ li

29.2
31.3

14.00
15.00

li

33.3
29.2

16.00
14.00

6li
5li

! - 8 -48
1-8-48

37.5
33.3

18.00
16.00

li
li

8-8-48

45.
35.4

22.00

5l i
• li

14.00

io l i
io l i

i 8 - 8 -48
i 8 - 8 -48

24.00
16.50

2 li
0
20 l i

8 f- 41-48
8§- 41-48

59.4 is 28.50

7« l i

ii 8 - 8 -48

43.8 1 21.00 i i 8 ■ % -48
8

20.00

76 l i

n 8 - 8 -48

32.3

8 33.3
7
6 31.3
8
6 29.2
9

2

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
urday Per
Full week.
full
half hour.
holi­
time.
day.

ii 8 - 8 -48
n 8 - 8 -48
ii 8 - 8 -48
8 -8 -4 8
n8 ii 8 ii 8 n8 -

; - 8 -48

29.2
25.0

7 14.00 ii 8 - 8 -48
7 12.00 ii £

28.1
20.

1 13.50 1 8 - 8- 48
8
1
7 10.00 ii 8 - 8- 48

8 -8 -4 8

10 l i

m

29.2 is 14.00

8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48

35.4
25.0

17.00 8 - 8- 48
12.00 8- 8- 48

li

1-8-48

li

29.2

(72)

14.00 8- 8- 48

(72)

(72)

15.00

(72)

18 - 8 -48

12.00

31.:

•8 -48
•8 -48

(72)

(72)

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.:
Cylinder presses. . .
Platen presses____
Baltimore, Md.:
Cylinder presses.. .
Platen presses____
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Cylinder presses. .
Platen presses____
Washington, D. C.:
Cylinder presses. .
Platen presses------

7 29.2
4
7 25.0
5
50.0

34.4

17.00
12.00

73 2

25.0
20.

i 8 - 8 -48
i 8 - 8 -48

io. eo

7
7

25.0

.

8 -48
8 -48

12.00 n 8 ■ \ -48
10.00 118 - i -48

20.

31.3
22.9

14.00 H8 ■
10.00 n 8

7
7

15.00
11.00

! -48

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
inches and over...............
Cylinder presses, less than
25 by 38 inches............. .

41.7

15.50

s Double time after 10 p. m.
7 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported,
io Double time after midnight,
n Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported
20 Double time after 4 hours.
6 Scale became 50 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
8
8 Scale became 43.8 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
7
6 Scale became 41.7 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
8
6 Scale became 39.6 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
9
70 Scale became 44.8 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
7 Scale became 34.4 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
1
7 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
2
7 Time and one-half on Saturdays from noon to 5 p. m .; double time thereafter.
3
74 Scale became 33.3 cents on July 15,1919.
7 Scale became 29.2 cents on July 15,1919.
5
70 Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturdays after completion of a 48-hour week.




8 -48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 2 1 5
T able

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TIN G AND PU BLISH IN G: B O O K AND JOB —Continued.
PR ESS F EED ER S—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
time. and
time.
holi­
days.

C en ts.

D o lls .

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
Per
Full week. urday hour.
half
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL— CO ntd.
R epu i a r ra te
m u lti pH ed
C en ts.

D o ils .

8
39.6 1 19.00
18.50
38.5

4

76 l|

2

n 8 - 8 -48
ii 8 - 8 -48

59.4

28.50

7* 1 |

2

ii 8 - 8 -48

46.9

22.50 ii 8 - 8 -48

62.5

30.00

76 1J

2

ii 8 - 8 -48

46.9

22.50 u 8 - 8 -48

2

30.2 is 14.50 ii 8 - 8 -48
14.00 ii 8 - 8 -48
29.2

67.7

32.50

7« i i

2

ii 8 - 8 -48

53.1

25.50 ii 8 - 8 -48

74.0

35.50

7* l i

2

n 8 - 8 -48

59.4

28.50 ii 8 - 8 -48

62.5

30.00

76 l i

2

ii 8 - 8 -48

46.9

22.50 ii 8 - 8 -48

7 44.8
7

21.50

li

2

8-8-48

37.5

18.00

8-8-48

7 51.0
8

24.50

li

2

8-8-48

39.6

19.00

8-8-48

7 51.0 n 24. 50
8

li

2

8-8-48

43.8

21.00

8-8-48

52.1

25.00

io li

2

8-8-48

43.8

21.00

0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0

Chicago, 111.—Concluded.
Colt and Universal pressjuniors
Platen presses...................
1 hand-fed folding ma­
chine................................
1 automatic folding ma­
chine ................................
2 automatic folding ma­
chines ..............................
3 automatic folding ma­
chines ..............................
Press assistants, single
rotary presses................ .
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Cylinder presses...............
Press assistants and auto­
matic feeding machine
tenders............................
1 automatic folding ma­
chine ................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Folding machine..............
Cylinder presses, under 34
inches..............................
Cylinder presses, over 34
inches, or folding ma­
chines ..............................
Cylinder presses (female).
Press assistants, platen

50.0

24.00

1° l i

2

8-8-48

31.3

15.00

8-8-48

50.0
50.0

24.00
24.00

1 li
8
io l i

2
2

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

37.5
35.4

18.00
17.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

41.7
Colt or Universal presses.,
39.6
Platen presses....................
37.5
Columbus, Ohio....................
45.8
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island,
111.:
Cylinder presses............... .
46.9
Platen pi
31.3
, Ohio:
Dayton, o :
Cylinder presses............... .
43.8
Des Moines, Iowa:
Cylinder presses............... .
45.8
Folding machines..............
45.8
Rotary presses.................. .
47.9
Detroit, Mich.:
Cylinder presses, double,
over 62 inches.................. 8 52.1
0
Cylinder presses, single,
25 by 38 inches and up
to 62 inches, inclusive. 8047.9
Platen presses................... 8139.6

20.00
22.00

i« li
io li
io li
io li

2
2
2
2

22.50
15.00

li
li

7 16.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
15.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
14.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
18.00 ii 8 - 8 -48

2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48

39.0
25.2

18.70
12.10

8-8-48
8-8-48

io l i

2

8-8-48

35.4

17.00

8-8-48

22.00
22.00

2
2

23.0Q

10 l i
!0 l i
10 l i

2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

18.00
37.5
18.00
37.5
39.6 is 19.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

25.00

6« l i

2

8f - 4£-48

12

41.7

20.00

8|- 4£-48

23.00
19.00

6 li
4
6 li 1
4

2

12

37.5
31.3

18.00
15.00

12

7 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported,
io Double time after midnight,
n Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
M Double time after 5 hours.
76 Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturdays after completion of a 48-hour week.
77 Scale became 53.1 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
78 Scale became 59.4 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
79 And $2 for each additional machine.
so Scale became 58.3 cents on July 14,1919.
8i Scale became 41.7 cents on July 14,1919.




8-8-48

4
^

TT*
^ r.
f
QO
OO

2

"TT

21.00

0 O
0 O

34.4
31.3
29.2
37.5

0 O
0 O

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
ii 8 - 8 -48

0 00
0

19.00
18.00

216

BULLETIN OF THE, BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PBIN TIN G AND PUBLISHIN G: B O O K AND JOB— Continued.
PR ESS FEED ER S—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
week, For days
over­ and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

NORTH CENTRAL—COntd.
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Cylinder presses.................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Cylinder presses, pony___
Cylinder presses.................
Press assistants...................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Cylinder presses, patent
inside.................................
Cylinder presses, 24 by 36
inches and over, or auto­
matic feed........................
Cylinder presses, under
36 inches...........................
Platen presses.....................
Rotary web presses...........
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
inches................................
1 folding machine...............
2 folding machines.............
Cylinder presses, less than
25 by 38 inches................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Cylinder presses.................
Platen presses.....................
Peoria, 111.:
Cylinder presses.................
Platen presses.....................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Cylinder presses, 24 by 36
inches and over...............
Cylinder presses, less than
24 by 36 inches................
2 automatic machines less
than 24 by 36 inches----Press assistants, rotary
web presses......................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Cylinder presses.................

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­ Per
week,
urday
Full week.
full
half hour.
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l ar ra te
m u lti p lied
C ents.
82 31.3

D o lls .

715.00

C ents.

D o lls .

2

H8 - 8 -48

73 2
73 2
73 2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

33.3
39.6
43.8

16.00
19.00
21.00

31.3 is 15.00 n 8 - 8 -48

83 35.4
84 41.7
86 45.8

17.00
20.00
22.00

.&
2
0
2
0
li

47.9

23.00

« li

2

H8 - 8 -48

39.6

19.00 H8 - 8 -48

47.9

23.00

« li

2

118 - 8 -48

37.5

1
18.00|U 8 - 8 -48

45.8
22.00
33.3 is 16.00
47.9
23.00

« ii
« li
«1§

2
2
2

n 8 - 8 -48
H8 - 8 -48
H8 - 8 -48

33.3
16.00H 8 - 8 -48
25.0 is 12.00H8 - 8 -48
37.5
18.00 “ 8 - 8 -48

49.0 is 23.50
52.1 7 25.00
58.3 7 28.00

1 1J
0
li
1° l i

2
2
2

H8 - 8 -48
n 8 - 8 -48
H8 - 8 -48

37.5 is 18.00 u 8 - 8 -48
40.6 7 19.50,11 8 - 8 -48
46.9 7 22.50 u 8 - 8 -48

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

40.6

19.50

1 li
0

2

118 - 8 -48

29.2

14.00|U 8 - 8 -48

8 39.5
6
89 28.5

18.96
13.68

1° l i
io l i

87 2
87 2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

32.8
23.7

16.09,88 9 _ 4 -49
11.63 88 9 _ 4 -49

43.8
31.3

21.00
15.00

1 li
0
1 li
0

2
2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

33.3
25.0

16.00
12.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

9 43.1
0

20.70

1 li
0

2

8 - 8 -48

39.0 is 18.70

8 - 8 -48

36.3

17.40

1 li
0

2

8 - 8 —
48

32.1

15.40

8 - 8 -48

92 55.7

26.75

1 li
0

2

8 - 8 -48

51.6

24.75

8 - 8 -48

93 54.6

26.20

io

1*

2

8 - 8 -48

50.4

24.20

8 - 8 -48

94 36.7

18.17

2 11
0

2 2
1

9 - 4 -49

34.6

17.13 88 9 - 4 -49

9i

88

6 Double time after 10 p. m.
7 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
1 Double time after midnight.
0
u Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
20 Double time after 4 hours.
21 For Sundays, July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas; other holidays, time and one-half.
« Double time after 9 p. m.
7 Time and one-half on Saturday, from noon to 5 p. m .; double time thereafter.
3
8 Scale became 41.7 cents on Aug. 1, and 44.8 cents on Nov. 1,1919.
2
8 Scale became 43.8 cents on June 21,1919.
3
8* Scale became 50 cents on June 21,1919.
® Scale became 54.2 cents on June 21,1919.
8 Scale became 51 cents on June 1,1919.
6
8 For Sundays, July 4, and Christmas; other holidays, time and one-half.
7
88 Work 49 hours, paid for 49J.
so Scale became 33 cents on June 1,1919.
8 Scale became 47.3 cents on June 1,1919.
0
8 Scale became 40.4 cents on June 1,1919.
1
»2 Scale became 59.9 cents on June 1,1919.
»3 Scale became 58.8 cents on June 1,1919.
Scale became 51 cents on June 1,1919.




217

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b l e A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TIN G AND PUBLISH IN G: BO O K AND JOB— Continued.
PRESS F EED ER S—Concluded.
May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
Full days: with
Per
Per
For Sun­ Saturdays; Sat­
week, over­ days
week,
urday Per
Full week.
full
full
half hour.
time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
days.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.

Toledo, Ohio:
Cents. D o lls .
21.00
Cylinder presses.................
43.8
23.00
47.9
Press assistants...................
Wichita, Kans.:
39.6
19.00
Cylinder presses.................
Platen presses.....................
34.4 1 16.50
8
Youngstown, Ohio:
20.50
Cylinder presses.................
42.7

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
by—
2 1h
0
2

2 1J
0

C en ts.

37.5
39.6

2

io li
1 li
0

1 8 - 8 -41
1
ii 8 - 8 -4!

D o lls .

18.00
19.00

■8 -4 8
■ 8 -4 8

31.3 is 15.00
25.0 7 12.00

■ 8 -4 8
• 8 -4 8

40.6

li.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

19.50

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex.:
Cylinder presses.................
Houston, Tex.:
Cylinder presses.................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Cylinder presses.................
Platen presses....................
Louisville, K y.:
1 automatic-feed cylinder
press.................................
2 automatic-feed cylinder
2 automatic job presses...
Cylinder presses.................
Platen presses....................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Cylinder presses.................
Nashville, Tenn.:
Cylinder presses.................
Cylinder presses (females).
New Orleans, La.:
Cylinder presses.................

20.00

li

2

8-8-48

37.5

18.00

! -4 8

6
31.3 9 15.00

li

2

78 —8 —
48

31.3

7 15.00

; -4 8

29.2
16.7

7 14.00
7 8.00

li
li

98 2
98 2

5-8-48
I - 8 -48

29.2
16.7

14.00
8.00

-48
-48

39,1

18. 75

10 11

8|- 4£-48

33.3

16.00

8f-

4£-48

44.8
35.4
38.0
28.6

21.50
17.00
18. 25
13.75

1 14
0
i° ll
io li
1 li
0

8f8|8|81-

4J-48
4J-48
4£-48
4£-48

37.5
30.2
32.3
25.0

18.00
14.50
15. 50
12.00

8 f-

4£-48

8§~
8|-

4£-48
4£-48

31.3

7 15.00

li

1 8 - 8 -48
1

31.3

15.00

41.7
33.3

20.00
16.00

li
li

ii 8 - 8 -48
1 8 - 8 -48
1

27.1 7 13.00 ii 8 20.8 7 10.00 n 8 -

41.7

39.6

34.4

S 4£-48
iii 8 -

16.50

8 -48
8 -48
8 -48

—8

—
48

WESTERN.

Denver, Colo.:
Cylinder presses.................
Los Angeles, Calif.:
Cylinder presses.................
Platen presses....................
Universal presses...............
Portland, Oreg.:
Cylinder presses.................
Platen presses....................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Press assistants, cylinder
presses..............................
San Francisco, Calif.:
Cylinder presses...............
Platen presses...................
Seattle, Wash.:
Cylinder presses...............
Platen presses...................
Spokane, Wash.:
Cylinder presses...............
Platen presses...................

23.00

2 11
0

43.8
37.5
39.6

21.00

10 H

18.00
19.00

1 l|
0

48.1
41.7

23.10
20.00

9 41.7
9

20.00

37.5

18.00

■8 -48

43.8
37.5

21.00
18.00

1 11
0
1 1
0

40.6
34.4

19.50
16.50

! - 8 -4 8
1 -8 -4 8

50.0
43.8

24.00
21.00

20 l l

2 1|
0

39.6
33.3

19.00
16.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

45.8

7 22.00
19.00

1 1
0 ?,
1 ll
0

34.4
28.1

7 16.50
7 13.50

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

19.00

1 -8 -4 8

10 li

! -48
! -48
! -48

39.6
33.3
35.4

19.00
16.00
17.00

; - 8 -4 8
! - 8 -4 8
1 -8 -4 8

li
li

; -48
i -48

37.5
31

7 18.00
7 15.00

I - 8 -48

7 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
i° Double time after midnight.
Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
2 Double time after 4 hours.
0
9 Nominal rate. All received more, $18 to $21.
6
9 44 hours per week, May to August, inclusive.
7
9 For Sundays, Labor Day, and Christmas; for other holidays, time and one-half.
8
" Scale became 56.8 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
11




5 -8 -4 8

218

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: CYLINDER.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.:
C en ts. D o lls .
Rotary presses....................
70.8
34.00
1or 2 cylinder or cylinder
and job presses...............
29.00
60.4
Bridgeport, Conn...................
25.00
52.1
Buffalo, N . Y . :
Cylinder, Harris, Kelly,
or automatic presses___ 360.4
29.00
Duplex presses................... 666.7
32.00
Web magazine or book
presses............................... « 7a 8
34.00
Press assistants, rotary
presses............................... 7 52.1
25.00
Newark, N. J.:
1 automatic, 1 New Era.
or 1 Harris press, not
34.00
over 16 by 18 inches.......
70.8
2 automatic presses...........
36.00
75.0
1 or 2 cylinder presses
77.1
37.00
1 standard press.................
64.6
31.00
2 standard presses..............
34.00
70.8
New Haven, Conn.................
43.8 » 21.00
New York, N . Y .:
Single-roll web press, 46
inches or under...............
45'. 00
93.8
Double-sheet feed rotary
presses...............................
43.00
89.6
1 offset or Cox duplex
press..................................
40.00
83.3
Sheet-feed rotary or sec­
ond man on web press..
39.00
81.3
........
77.1
37.00
1 or 2 single presses i&
1 Delphos press...................
36.00
75.0
Web press with 2 feeders
and wire stitchers...........
47.50
99.0
Double-roll web press—
Over 46 inches.................
97.9
47.00
46 inches and under i«...
45.00
93.8
Kidder web presses under
36 inches..................; ____
75.0
36.00
1 Kidder press17.................
36.00
75.0
4 local ticket presses..........
68.8 33.00
3 job cylinder presses, 4
single or 2 double Kid­
der presses, or 1 or 2
prover presses.................
75.0
36.00

R e g u l srrofe
m u l t iplied
by

~~

l|
1H

Ui
» if
l U

*n

8 ii
8ii
8ii
8 if
1 if
2

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

2
2
2
2
2
2

«8 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48
i 8 - 8 -48

2
2
2
2
2
2

48 - 8 -48
4 8 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48
4 8 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48
4 8 - 8 -48

41.7 9 20.00 * 8
0
45.8 1 22.00 48
52.1 n 25.00 48
18.50 4 8
38.5
18. 5 | 4 8
0
38.5
3
43.8 1 21.00 4 8

-

8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48

48 -

48

-

8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -4 8

1 li
4
14 11
1 li
4

2
2

48 48 -

14 11
14 11
1 li
4

2
2
2

48
48
4 8

1u
*
1a
4
1 H
4
1 li
4
1 li
4

D o lls .

8f - 4£-48
8|- 41-48
8 - 8 -48

2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

1 H
4

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

48 48 48 48 48 48 -

-

8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48

12
12

63.5
52.1
43.8

30.50
25.00
2 21.00

8f~

45.8
52.1

22.00 48 25.00 48 -

56.3

27.00 4 8 -

37.5

18.00 4 8 -

77.1

37.00

77.1

37.00 48 -

70.8

34.00 4 8 -

68.8

33.00 48 31.00 48 31.00 4 8 -

64.6
64.6

4J-48

82- 41-48
8 - 8 -48

86.5

41.50 4 8 -

85.4
81.3

41.00 48 39.00 48 -

66.7
56.3
56.3

32.00 4 8 27.00 4 8 27.00 4 8 -

8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48

62.5
30.00 4 8 - 8 - 4 8
2 48 - 8 -48
1 li
4
1 Double time after midnight.
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
3 Scale became 68.8 cents on Sept. 29,1919.
4 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
6 Scale became 75 cents on Sept. 29,1919.
8 Scale became 79.2 cents on Sept. 29,1919.
7 Scale became 60.4 cents on Sept. 29,1919.
8 Double time after 9 p. m. and on Saturday after 4 p. m.
9 Nominal rate. All received more, $22 to $22.50.
1 Nominal rate. All received more, $24.20 to $24.50.
0
1 40 per cent received from $1 to $2.50 per week more than the scale,
1
12 Double time after 10 p. m.
1 More than half received more than the seale; amount not reported.
3
1 Double time after 5 hours.
4
1 Or 1 cylinder and 3 platen presses, or 1 poster press 28 by 41 inches or over, or 1 label press, or 1 press
5
with bronzing machine, or 1 perfecting press.
1 Or presses with 1 feeder and wire stitcher or paster, or single-roll web press over 46 inehes.
8
n Or 1 Meisel New Era or rotary ticket press, or 2 Robinson or 2 Griffith ticket presses.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 219
Table A_ UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
_
FEINTING AND PU B LISH IN G ; B O O K AN D JOB— ^ ontinued.
C
P R ESSM EN ; CSXIITDER— Continued.

May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
with
For Hours:
Per
Sun­ Full days; Sat­
Per
For
Saturdays;
week,
over-' days Foil week. urday hour.
half
full
and
time. holi­
time.
holi­
day.
days.

Rate ofwageeGeographical division and
city.
Per
Per week,
hour. full
time.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC— COntd.
R e g u la r ra te

New York, N. Y .— Conoid.
m u ltip lie d
Assistants, web, ferake- C e n ts . D o U s .
70. £
3E en and tension men..
® ,
34.001 " 5
Sextuple folding machine
or assistants, first Mc­
Kee press........................ .
68.8
33.00 1 H
4
Assistants, second McKee
67.7
32.50 141§
Assistants, rotary press,
66.7
sheet feed.........................
32.00 i* ii
Assistants, web presses,
62.5
oilers aaid utility m en...
30.00 1 li
4
Philadelphia, Pa. (competi­
tive offices):
18 2
72.9
Web press with folder___
35.00
XU
18
1 w«b press..........................
78.1
37.50
l U
1 flatbed perfecting press
18 2
64.6
with automatic feed___
31.00
i n
1 or 2 presses with auto­
matic feed, or fiat-feed
perfecting press............. .
62.5
8
30.00
xi i 1 2
1 cylinder and not more
18 2
than 3 platen presses....
60.4
29.00
* ii
56.
% Harris presses...................
27.00
x ii 18 2
18
2 Adams presses.................
54.2
26.00
1u
52.1
Overlay cutters...................
25.00
j ii 18 2
Philadelphia, Pa. (non­
competitive offices):
Web rotary presses with 2
or more printing roils...
38.50 i*li
80.2
Web rotary presses 69
i aches or over..................
2
77.1
37.00 1 li
Cottrell presses 46 inches,
with folder.......................
81.3
39.00 !2 li
Web rotary press 46inches,
flat delivery.....................
71.9
34.50 !2 11
Web rotary presses under
46 inches or second press­
2
70.8
34.00 1 li
men .................................
Intaglio presses.................
62.5
30.00 12 i ;
2 flat-bed presses..............
60.4
29.00 12 y
Overlay and matrix cut­
ters. .................................
58.3
28.00 !2 li
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
2 cylinder presses or 1
cylinder and 2 platen
presses.............................
60.4
29.00
1 Harris automatic press.
60.4
29.00
2 cylinder and platen
presses.............................
34.00
70.8
3 cylinder and platen
presses.............................
76.0
36.50

2

C ents.

D o lls .

<8-8-48

54.2

26. C 4 8 - 8 -4S
O

4 8 - 8 -48

52.1

25.00 4 8 - 8 -48

46.9

22.50 4 8 - 8 -48

*8-8-48

50.0

24.00 * 8 - 8 - 4 8

*8-8-48

47.9

23.00 4 8 - 8 -48

8 -48
4 8 - 8 -48

68.
64.6

33.00 4 8 - 8 -4!
31.00 4 8 - 8 -4!
29.00

48 58.3

2

28.00 4 8 - 8 -48

56.3
52.1
50.0
47.

27.00
25.00
24.00
23.00

-

8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-43
-48

9f- 0 -48

19 12

80.2

38.50

9|- 0 -48

9|- 0 -48

1 12
9

77.1

37.00

9|- 0 -48

9f- 0 -48

19

12

77.1

37.00

9f- 0 -48

94- 0 -48

19

12

71.9

34.50

9|- 0 -48

9f- 0 -48
9f- 0 -48
9f- 0 -48

19 12
19 12
19 12

66.7
58.3
56.3

32.00
28.00
27.00

9f- 0 -48
9f- 0 -48
9|- 0 -48

9i- Q -48

19 12

54.2

9|- 0 -48

47.9
54.2

23.00 4 8 - 8 -48
26.00 4 8 - 8 -48

! - 8 -48
1-8-48

54.2

26.00 4 8 - 8 -48

58.3

2 28.00 4 8 - 8 -48

1 Double time after midnight.
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reportied.
4 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
12 Double time after 10 p. m.
14 Double time after 5 hours.
is For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-haif oniy.
19 Full holiday on Saturday.
20 Double time after midnight and on Saturday after 6 p. m.




48
48
4s
48

220

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING- AND PUBLISHIN G: B O O K AN D JOB —Continued.
PR E SSM E N : C Y L IN D E R — Continued.

May

15,1919.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

*
North

a t l a n t ic —

Per
week,
full
time.

c o n c ld .

Portland, Me.:
1 press....................
2 or more presses.
Providence, R. I ___
Rochester, N . Y ___
Scranton, Pa............
Springfield, M ass...
Worcester, Mass—

C en ts.

D o lls .

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.
R e g u l a r ra te
m u lti p lied
by
2
* li

May

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

C en ts.

12 l i

8- 8 - 4 8
8-8-48
48 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48
8- 8- 48
8- 8- 48
48 - 8 -48

57.3
62.5

2
27.50 2 li
2
30.00 2 li

2
2

48 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48

D o lls .

37.5
41.7

64.6
64.6
49.0

31.00 2 li
*
4
31.00 2 li
23.50 2 1|
0

25 2

2
2

48 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48
8- 8- 48

50.0
43.8
36.5

2
2

48 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48

52.1
43.8

2

48 - 8 -48
8 - 8- 48

41.7
33.3

* li
* li
* li

li

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

39.6 1 19.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
3
41.7 220.00 8- 8 - 4 8
43.8 221.00 48 - 8 -48
45.8 2 22.00 48 - 8 -48
52.1 25.00 8- 8 - 4 8
41.7 20.00 8 - 8- 48
43.8 21.00 48 - 8 -48

2
2
2
2
2
2

41.7 20.00
3
43.8 1 21.00
43.8 221.00
58.3 28.00
2 57.3 27.50
i
41.7 20.00
52.1 25.00

15,1918.

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.:
1 press................................. .
2 presses.............................. .
Baltimore, Md.:
Label works » ................... .
1 or 2 presses...................... .
Charleston, S. C................... .
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Cylinder
and
platen

28 56.3

1 or 2 presses....................... 27 46.9
Harris and automatic
presses............................... 27 43.8
Richmond, Va.......................
37.5
Washington, D. C.:
1 or 2 presses 68 inches or
over................................... 3 62.5
0
1 press over 68 inches------ 32 66.7
Web presses, head press­
men ...................................
83.3
Web presses, journeymen.
66.7
1 sheet-feed rotary press.. 3 66.7
3

27.00
22.50

1li

21.00

in

28 18.00

18.00 48 - 8 -48
20.00 48 - 8 -48
2 24.00
2 21.00
2 17.50

48 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48
8- 8 - 4 8

25.00 48 - 8 -48
21.00 48 - 8 -48
20.00 48 - 8 -48
16.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

li

li

1 30.00 3 li
3
1
2 32.00 3 li
1

2

48 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48

62.5
66.7

2 30.00
2 32.00

48 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48

2
2
2

48 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48

75.0
62.5
54.2

2 36.00
2 30.00
2 26.00

48 - 8 -48
48 - 8 -48

2 40.00
2 32.00
2 32.00

3 li
1
3 li
1
3 li
1

2

4 8 - 8 -48

29

4 8 - 8 -48

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, III.:
1 cylinder press not over
28 by 42 inches and not
more than 3 platen
presses..............................
1 single-roll rotary web
press 46 inches or under.
1 Cox duplex press or 1
Goss flat-bed press.........

70.8

34.00

3 li
4

2

4 8 - 8 -48

(35)

53.1

25.50

4 8 - 8 -48

82.3

39.50

3 li
4

2

4 8 - 8 -48

(35)

64.6

31.00

4 8 - 8 -48

84.4

40.50

3 1|
4

2

4 8 - 8 -48

(35)

66.7

32.00

4 8 - 8 -48

1 Double time after midnight.
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
12 Double time after 10 p. m.
13 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
20 Double time after midnight and on Saturday after 6 p. m.
si Scale became 63.5 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
22 Double time on Saturday after 5 p. m.
2 Or 1 and 2 cylinder, or 1 double cylinder, or 1 two-color, or 1 single cylinder and 2 platen, or 1 web rotary
3
magazine press.
2 Double time after 10 p. m. and on Saturday after 5 p. m.
4
2 For Sundays; for holidays regular rate,
5
w Scale became 62.5 cents on July 15,1919.
2 Scale became 52.1 cents on July 15,1919.
7
28 Nominal rate. All received more, $25 to $35.
2 Nominal rate. All received more; average, $20.
9
8° Scale became 75 cents on Sept. 3,1919.
Double time after 4 hours and on Saturday for all overtime.
8 Scale became 81.3 cents on Sept. 3,1919.
2
8 Scale became 79.2 cents on Sept. 3,1919.
3
8 Double time after 3 hours ana on Saturdays after completion of 48-hour week.
<
8 In some shops half holiday on Saturday; in others work full day.
5




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

221

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TING AND PUBLISH IN G: B O O K AND JOB— Continued.
PR ESSM EN : C Y L IN D E R —Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week*

NORTH CENTRAL— COntd.

Chicago, 111.—Concluded.
1 all-size Scott rotary press
or second man on 2-roll
96-page catalogue rotary C ents.
press..................................
87.5
1 2-roll 96-page catalogue
rotary press or 1-roll Hoe
rotary magazine p ress.. 100.0
Double cylinder flat-bed
77.1
Assistants, tension men37.
68.8
Assistants, oilers3
8.............
65.6
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Rotary web presses, first
position.............................
69.3
1 auto press..........................
44.3
2 auto presses......................
50.0
1 perfecting press89...........
54.7
2 single presses over 53
inches or 1 double press
under 53 inches...............
63.0
4 bag presses or 4 patentinside blanket presses...
64.1
1 or 2 scoring machines. . . 4>56.3
<
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
64.6
Columbus. Ohio....................
57.3
Davenport, Iowa, and Rock
Island and Moline, 111.:
1 cylinder and 2 platen
presses or 2 cylinder
62.5
1 press.
62.5
Dayton, Ohio:
1 Kelly press......................
57.3
3 job presses......................
52.1
Des Moines, Iowa:
Cylinder presses...............
56.3
Rotary presses..................
60.4
Detroit, Mich.:
2 cylinder presses.............
4 62.5
3
1 double-roll rotary press. 4 72.9
4
1 Kelly automatic or Har­
ris press........................... « 32.1

R egubir r a te
m u lti p lied
D o lls .

42.00

C ents.

8 i f ~~
4

2

4 8 - 8 -48

D o lls .

(35)

69.8

33.50 4 8 - 8 -48

48.00

3 li
4

2

4 8 - 8 -48

(35)

82.3

39.50 4 8 - 8 -48

37.00
33.00
31.50

341J
3 li
4
3 li
4

2
2
2

4 8 - 8 -48
4 8 - 8 -48
4 8 - 8 -48

(35)
(35)
(36)

59.4
54.2
51.0

28.50 4 8 - 8 -48
26.00 4 8 - 8 -48
24.50 4 8 - 8 -48

33.25
21.25
24.00
26.25

li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48

59.9
38.0
43.2
47.4

28.75
18.25
20.75
22.75

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

30.25

8 - 8 -48

54.7

26.25

8-8-48

55.7
47.9
50.0
49.0

26.75 8 - 8 - 4 8
23.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
23.50 4 8 - 8 -48

-

8
8
8
8

li

2

30.75
27.00
31.00
27.50

li
li
4 li
1
lU

2
2
2
li

13 30.00
13 30.00

li
li

2
2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

56.1 2 26.95
50.4 2 24.20

8-8-48
8-8-48

27.50
*2 25.00

1 li
l li

2
2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

50.0
41.7

24.00
20.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

27.00
29.00

1 li
Ui

2
2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

47.9
23.00
52.1 1 25.00
3

8-8-48
8-8-48

30.00
35.00

1 li
4
1 li
4

2
2

8f- 41-48
8J- 4£-48

12
12

50.0
54.2

24.00
26.00

8f- 41-48
8 f- 4J-48

25.00

14

2

8|- 41-48

12

43.8

21.00

8f- 4|-48

8
8
8
48

-

8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48

1 Double time after midnight.
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
4 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
13 More than naif received more than the scale; amount not reported.
14 Double time after 5 hours.
84 Double time after 3 hours and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
86 In some establishments half holiday on Saturdays; in others work full day.
ss Or 3 patent inside blanket presses, or 1 press larger than 28 by 42 inches and not more than 3 job presses
or 2 Kidder ticket presses, or 2 automatic, or 2 Kelley presses, or 2 Ostend presses, or 2 Stokes & Smith
automatic presses or 2 Harris presses.
2 Classed under press feeders in report for 1918 as tension men, 2-roll Cottrell 96-page rotary press.
7
88 Classed under press feeders in report for 1918 as oilers, 2-roll Cottrell 96-page rotary press.
89 Or 2 single roll presses less than 53 inches or 1 cylinder and 3 platen presses.
Scale became 64.6 cents, on Sept. 1,1919.
« Double time after midnight and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
< And $1 for each additional press.
2
4 Scale became 72.9 cents on July 14,1919.
3
' 4 Scale became 83.3 cents on July 14,1919.
4
4 Scale became 66.7 cents on July 14,1919.
6




222

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TING AND PUBLISHIN G: B O O K AND JOB— Continued.
PR ESSM EN : CTLINDJER— Continued.'

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time.
holi­
time.
days.

1 cylinder over 24 by 36
inches up to 38 by 56
inches................................
1 double-roll rotary press.
Milwaukee, W is.:
1 o r 2 cylinder presses or
a
one 8-cylinder patentinside blanket press.......
Minneapolis, Minn.:
4 or more cylinder presses.
1 or 2 cylinder presses.......
3 cylinder presses...............
Omaha, Nebr.:
Cylinder presses.................
Peoria, 111.:
Journeymen.......................
8 cylinder presses...............
4 cylinder presses...............
5 cylinder presses...............
St. Louis, Mo.:
1 press...................................
2 presses u n t o 24 by 36
inches................................
1 cylinder press over 24 by
36 inches and 1 or 2
platen presses..................

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
full
half hour.
holi­
time.
day.

A

2

« if

2
2

«8 - 8 -48
8- 8- 48
8 - 8- 48 ........

C e n ts .

43.8

D o lls .

21.00 <8 - 8 -48

52.1 25.00 8 - 8 -48
60-4 1 29.00 8 - 8 -48
3

61.5

29.50

2

48 -

8 -48

56.3

27.00

48 -

8 -48

49.0

23.50

14

2

48 -

8 -48

43.8

21.00

48 -

8 -48

55.2

26.50 6 1
» i

2

48 - 8 -48

50.0

24.00 48 - 8 -48

53.1

25.50 6 li
1

2

48 - 8 -48

47.9

23.00 48 - 8 -48

51.0
60.4

24.50 6 1§
1
1
29.00 6 li

2
2

48 - 8
48 - 8

45.8
55.2

22.00
26.50

48 48 -

8 -48
8 -48

*1*

2

48 -

50.0 1 24.00
3

48 -

8 -48

*14

1 2
8
1 2
8
1 2
8

8- 8- 48
8- 8- 48
8- 8- 48

2

8-8-48

52.0 25.74 839 — 4 -49
3
45,0 22.285 9 - 4 -49
50.0 24.75 53 9 - 4 -49
43.8 221.00 8 - 8 -48

2
2
2
2

8- 8- 48
8 - 8 -48
8- 8- 48

41.7
45.8
50.0

8 -8 -4 8

56.3

3
59.4 1 28.50
M61.0
m 53.0
6 59.0
5

29.28
25.44
28.32

58.3

28.00

58.3
64.6
68.8

28.00
31.00
33.00

72. 9

35. 00

*14

1 14
51
i n

*1*

-48
-48 ........

8 -48

20.00 8 - 8 —
48
22.00 8 - 8 -48
2 4.0 0
27.00

8 - 8 -4 8
8 - 8 -48

66 47.7

22. 90

*li

2

8 -8 -4 8

43.5

20.96

8 -

« 52.3

25.10

Hi

2

8- 8- 48

48.1

23.10

8 - 8 -48

58 56.9

27.30

*14

2

8- 8- 48

52.7

25.30

8 - 8 -48

1 Double time after midnight.
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
4 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
1 Double time after 10 p. m .
2
1 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
8
is For New Year's, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half only*
* Scale became 56.3 cents on Aug. 1, and 59.4 cents on Nov. 1,1919.
« Scale became 62.5 cents on June 21,1919.
« Double time after 10 p. m . and on Saturday after 5 p. m.
4 Seale became 70.8 cents on June 21,1919.
9
w Or 2 or more cylinder presses, or 2 cylinder presses 24 by 36 inches or over.
6 Double time after 4 hours.
1
6 Scale became 79 cents on June 1,1919.
2
6 Work 49 hours, paid for 494.
3
m Scale became 70 cents on June 1,1919.
6 Scale became 77 cents on June 1,1919.
1
6 Scale became 51.9 cents on June 1,1919.
8
6 Scale became 56.5 cents on June 1,1919.
7
8 Scale became 61 cents on June 1,1919.
8




Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l a r ra te
m u lti p lied

NORTH CENTRAL— c o n t d .

Grand Rapids, Mich.:
C e n ts.
D o lls .
I or 2 presses..................... . « 43.8 221.00
Indianapolis, Ind.:
1 or 2 cylinder or a u t o ­
« 54.2 26.00
matic presses.................
1 rotary web press.......... «62.5 1 30.00
3
Kansas City, Mo.:
1 cylinder press over 24 by
36 inches and 2 platen
1 c r 2 cylinder presses 24
a
by 36 inches or under...
2 cylinder presses or 1
press over 38 by 56
inches or 1 double-ender
press..................................
1 cylinder 24 by 36 indies
or under, or 2 platen

May 15,1918.

8 -48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, HAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

223

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB--Continued.
PB.ES8MEN: C Y L IN D E R —Continued.

May 15,1919.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
with
For Hours:
Per ; For ! Sun­ Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
week, over­ days * Full week. urday Per week,
full !
and ‘
full
half hour.
time.
time.
holi-;
time.
holi­
days.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL—concld.
R e g m a r r a te
m u lti pU ed
V e n ts .

C e n ts .

D o lls .

“ 66.0

31.70

6 60.3
0

28.95

5 54..0
4
6 67.7
2

25.92
32.50

5 11
1
5 1J
1

6 2
1
6 2
1

81- 4J-48 ‘
8|- 4£-48

56.3
50.0
54.2

27.00
24.00
26.0Q

5 li
1
5 li
1
5i 1§

2
2
2

P
62.5 2 30.0C
50.0 1 24.00
3

1ii
1 li

2
2

D o lls .

2

8-8-48

61.9

29.70

8-8-48

2

8-8-48

56.1

26.95

8-8-48

46.9
57.3

22.50
27.50

8f~ 4*-48
8 f- 4,£-48

4 8 - 8 -48 :
4 g _ 8 -48
4 g _ 8 -48

49.0
43.8
47.9

23.5(3 * 8 ~ = -48
8
21.00 * 8 - 8 - 4 8
23.00 4 8 - 8 -48

4 8 —8 — '
48 •
4 8 - 8 -48

58.3
28.00 4 8 - 8 -48
43.8 6 21.00 4 8 - 8 - 4 8
3

60.4

29.0Q

li

u

8-8-48

58.3

36.5
44.8

2 17.50
2 21.50

6* H
6 11
4

2
2

4 8 - 8 -48
4 c _ 8 -48

I
1

36.5
44.8

17.50 48 - 8 -48
2 21.50 4 8 - 8 -48

50.0

2 24.00

6 1J
4

2

O
O
1
0
0
i1
f
*
0
Q

12
12

50.0

2 24.00 4 8 - 8 -48

53.1

2 25.50

6 1J
4

2

0
0
1
0
0
1
4
^
0
0

iir

..........

53.1

2 25.50 4 8 - 8 -48

57.3

2 27.50

6 1£
4

2

0
0
1

St. Louis, Mo.—Concld.
1 cylinder press over 24 by
36 inches and 1 auto­
matic press, or 2 auto­
matic presses...................
Second position double­
roll rotary press 5 ...........
9
St. Paul, Minn.:
2 single presses....................
Double rotary press...........
Toledo, Ohio:
1 68-mcla cylinder press or
2 single presses................
1 automatic press...............
2 automatic presses...........
Wichita, Kans.:
Foremen, cylinder presses.
Journeymen........................
Youngstown, Ohio:
C y li n d e r presses.................

57.3

2 27.50 4 8 - 8 -48

31.00
29.00

li
li

2
‘2

..........!

60.4
57.3

5
52.1 6 25.00
46.9 «6 22.50
8
39.6 6 19.00

2
2
2

4

if
li

52.1
46.9
39.6

25.00 67 8 - 8 -48
2 22.50 67 8 - 8 -48
2 19.00 6 8 - 8 -48
7

42.7

li

18 2

42.7

2 20.50 4 8 -

28.00

8-8-48

64.6
60.4

2 20.50

1
O
O

1
3
0

Birmingham, Ala.:
1 cylinder press...................
2 cylinder presses...............
1 cylinder press or 2 or
more platen presses........
2 or 3 cylinder presses or
2 or more platen presses.'
4 or more cylinder presses
or 4 or more platen
presses..... .........................
Dallas, Tex.:
2 or more cylinder presses.
Journeymen........................
Houston, Tex.:
In charge of presses............
Journeymen........................
Assistants-..........................
Little Rock, Ark.:
1 cylinder and 1 platen
press or 2 cylinder
presses...............................

1

SOUTH CENTRAL.

8-8-48
8-8-48
67 8
67 8
67 8

- 8 -48
- 8 -48
- 8 -48

48 -

8 -48

4
4

29.00
27.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

8 -48

1 Double time after midnight.
2 Nominal rate. All received more: amount not reported.
■ Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
*
is More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
is For New Years. Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half only.
Double time after 4 hours.
« Seale became 70 cents on June 1,1919.
w Or operating 1 press 68 inches or over, or 1 double perfecting press, or 2 presses 24 by 36 inches and over,
or 1 press under 24 by 36inches and 1 automatic press, or one 2-color press, or one 2-color Harris press 15 by
18 inches or under, or 2 single Harris presses 15 by 18 inches or under, or 1 press 24 by 36 inches or over and
1 single Harris press 15 by 18 inches or under.
6° Scale became 66.6 cents on June 1,1919.
6 For Memorial and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half only.
1
62 Scale became 78.1 cents on June 1,1919.
6 Nominal rate. All received more, $22 to $23.
3
6 Time and one-half after 1 hour.
4
6 Nominal rate. All received more; average *30.
5
6 Nominal rate. All received more; average $27.50.
6
6 44 hours per week, May to August, inclusive.
7
6 Nominal rate. All received more; average $22.50.
8
•




224

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PR ESSM EN : C Y L IN D E R — Continued.

May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
with
Per
Sun­ Full days;
Sat­
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
over­ days
Full week. half hour. week,
full
and
full
time. time. holi­
holi­
time.
days.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

SOUTH CENTRAL— concld.

Louisville, K y.:
R egul a r ra te
1 cylinder press or 1 pony
m ulti vplied
cylinder and 2 platen C en ts. D o lls .
presses.............. ...............
21.50
44.8
~
2
1 press over 25 by 38 inches
and 2 platen presses, or
1 Harris or 1 Kidder
press..................................
47.9
23.00
M|
2
1 press with and 1 press
without automatic feed54.7
26.25
2
Mi
2 cylinder presses...............
52.1
25.00
Mi
2
2 automatic-feed presses...
58.3
28.00
2
"li
Memphis, Tenn.:
Foremen, 2 presses.............
52.1 . 2 25.00
2
li
47.9 2 23.00
Journeymen, 2 presses___
2
li
37.5 2 18.00
Journeymen, 1 press.........
2
li
Nashville, Tenn.:
Foremen, 2 c y l i n d e r
62.5
presses..............................
30.00
2
li
Journeymen, 2 cylinder
presses...............................
2
58.3
28.00
li
Magazine rotary presses...
72.9
2
35.00
li
New Orleans, La.:
1 or 2 presses or platen
and combination auto­
matic presses...................
49.0
23.50
li
li

C en ts.

D o lls .

8 f- 4£-48

12

39.6

19.00

8f- 41-48

8 f- 41-48

12

42.7

20.50

8f- 41-48

8 f- 41-48
8 f- 41-48
8 f- 41-48

12
12
12

47.9
45.8
51.0

23.00
22.00
24.50

8 f- 41-48
8£- 41-48
8 f- 41-48

52.1
47.9
37.5

25.00 < 8 - 8 - 4 8
23.00 < 8 - 8 - 4 8
18.00 < 8 - 8 - 4 8

48

- 8 -48
4 8 - 8 -48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48

43.8

2 21.00 < 8 - 8 - 4 8

<8-8-48
<8-8-48

41.7
62.5

<8-8-48
2 30.00 < 8 - 8 - 4 8

8-8-48

43.8

21.00

8 -8 -4 8

8 -8 -4 8

2 2 0.00

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont............................
Denver, Colo.:
1 or 2 cylinder presses.......
Foremen—
1 to 4 cylinder presses...
5 or more cylinder
presses...........................
Los Angeles, Calif.:
Foremen, cylinder presses.
1 or 2 cylinder presses or
1 cylinder and 2 platen
presses..... „.......................
1 Cox or Goss flat-bed press
Portland, Oreg.:
Foremen..............................
Journeymen........................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Foremen, 2 or more presses
Journeymen........................
San Francisco, Calif.:
1 cylinder and 3 or more
platen presses71...............
1 cylinder and 2 platen
presses...............................
1 flat-bed press. . .
2 cylinder, or 1 cylinder
and 2 platen presses or
2 automatic cylinder
job presses........................

81.3

39.00

li

2

8-8-48

62.5

30.00

65.6

31.50

» li

2

8-8-48

59.4

28.50

8 -8 -4 8

69.8

33.50

5 li
1

2

8-8-48

63.5

30.50

8 -8 -4 8

74.0

35.50

5 li
1

2

8-8-48

67.7

32.50

8 -8 -4 8

62.5

30.00

MJ

2

8-8-48

59.4

28.50

8 -8 -4 8

56.3
59.4

27.00
28.50

1 li
1li

2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48

51.0
56.3

24.50
27.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

75.0
69.8

36.00
33.50

li
li

li
li

8-8-48
8 8 -48

62.5
53.1

30.00
25.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

72.9
63.5

35.00
30.50

7 li
0
7 li
0

li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

56.3
50.0

2 27.00

8-8-48

'24.00

8 -8 -4 8

72.9

35.00

x li

li

8-8-48

68.8

33.00

8-8-48

69.8
70.8

33.50
34.00

M i

ii
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
62.5

30.00
30.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

59.4
28.50
8-8-48
l li
67.7
32.50
li
1 Double time after midnight.
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
w Double time after 4 hours.
• 6 Double time after 10 x . m ., and on Saturday after 5 p. m.
9
>
70 Double time after midnight and for overtime on Sundays and holidays.
7 Or 2 or more cylinder presses, or 2 or more cylinder and 1 or more platen presses.
1

8 -8 -4 8




Mi

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 2 2 5
T a b le

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOS! AND JOB— Continued.
PRESSMEN: CYLINDER—Concluded.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
For Sun­
days
over­ and
time.
holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Sat­
Saturdays; urday
Per
week,
Per
Full week. half
hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

western —concluded.

San Francisco, Calif.—Con.
1 hand cylinder job and 1
R e g u li ir ra te
or 2 platen presses or 1
m u lti p lie d .
hand cylinder job and 1 C e n ts. D o lls .
by
64.6
automatic platen press..
31.00
n
1 cylinder press, or 3 handfeed platen presses, or 2
automatic-feed platen
62.5
30.00
presses................................
n
1 hand-feed cylinder job
28.00
press, or 1 ticket press...
58.3
n
Seattle, Wash.:
2
75.0
36.00 6 11 7 2
Formen................................
1
2
1
68.8
Journeymen, 1 or 2 presses
33.00 5 11 7 2
Spokane, Wash.:
71.9
34.50
2
Foremen..............................
Jli
65.6
31.50
2
Journeymen........................
*1*

C ents.

D o lls .

8-8-48

56.3

8-8-48

54.2

26.00

8 - 8 *?48

8-8-48

50.0

24.00

8-8-48

62.5
57.3

30.00
27.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
55.2

30.00
26.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

45.8
41.7

22.00
20.00

8 f- 4i-48
8 f- 4i-48

73 8 - 8 -48
73 8 - 8 -48

3
3

8-8-48
8-8-48

27.00

8-8-48

PRESSMEN: PLATEN.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Bostoii, Mass.:
Harris, Folsom, or Kidder
1 or 2 presses..................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
1 or 2 presses..................
3 or 4 presses..................
5 or more presses..........
Buffalo, N . Y ....................
Newark, N. J.:
1 press.............................
2 presses..........................
3 presses..........................
4 presses..........................
5 presses..........................
New Haven, Conn...........
New York, N. Y .:
1 to 3 presses..................
4 presses..........................
5 presses..........................
3 automatic presses___
Multiweb ticket press..

53.1
50.0

25.50
24.00

*11
ill

2
2

8f- 4;l-48
8 f- 4i-48

43.8
47.9
34.4
7* 54.2

21.00
23.00
16.50
26.00

li
11
11
ill

2
2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
4 8 - 8 -48

37.5
39.6
31.3
37.5

2 18.00
2 19.00
2 15.00

18.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
<8-8-48

31.00
64.6
66.7
32.00
68.8
33.00
70.8
34.00
35.00
72.9
37.5 is 18.00

7 H
5
7 11
5
7 11
5
7 11
5
7 11
5
1 11
2

2
2
2
2
2
2

<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48

35.4
35.4
39.6
39.6
43.8
37.5

7 17.00
6
17.00
7 19.00
7
19.00
7 21.00
8
1 18.00
3

<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48

31.00
33.00
34.00
35.00
40.00

1 11
2
1 11
2
1 11
2
1 11
2
1 11
2

2
2
2
2
2

<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48

52.1
56.3
58.3
60.4
70.8

25.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
34.00

<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48
<8-8-48

64.6
68.8
70.8
72.9
83.3

12
12

1 Double time after midnight.
All received more; amount not reported.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
12 Double time after 10 p. m.
13 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
si Double time after 4 hours.
72 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon, June to August, inclusive.
73 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
74 Scale became 60.4 cents on Sept. 29,1919.
75 Double time after 9 p. m ., ana on Saturday after 4 p. m.
7 60 per cent received from $1 to $2.50 per week more than the scale.
6
7 50 per cent received from $1.90 to $2.50 per week more than the scale.
7
7 Nominal rate. All received more, $23.10 to $23.50.
8
2 Nominal rate.

1 7 2 2 5 9 °— 20— B u ll. 2 7 4 -




-15

2 2 ,$

BULLETIN GE T H E BUREAU OP LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A - — UNION-

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSM EN: PLATEH"—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
SunPet
weeiL, For days
over- and
full
time. time* holi­
days.

C e n ts .

D o lls .

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

NORTH ATLANTIC—concld.

Philadelphia, Pa.:
2 presses or over with
automatic feed79...........
1 or 2 presses......................
4 presses..............................
5-or more presses________
Provers...............................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
3 or 4 presses......................
Providence, R. I.:
Presses under 14 by 22
inches................... ............
Presses, 14 by 22 inches
and oven..........................
Rochester, N . Y .:
1 or 2 presses.......................
3 presses..-............... ..........
Scranton, Pa.:
1 to 3 presses........
4 presses or 1 to 3
with automatic feeders.
Springfield, Mass......... ..
Worcester, Mass...................

56.
8 50.0
0
50.0
58.
52.1

27.00
24.00
24.00
28.00
25.00

54.2

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
by18 2
18 2
18 2
18 2
18 2

B o l ls .

25.00
20.00
22.00
24.00
23.00

4 8 - 8 -48

26.00

35.4

C en ts.
5 2 .1

41.7
45..8
50.0
47.
43.8

21.00

35.4 13 17.00

- 8
48 - 8
48 - 8
48 - 8
8
*8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

2 17.00

4 8 - 8 -48

2 19.00

4 8 - 8 -48

3
39.6 1 19.00

42.7
46.9
51.0

20.50
22.50
2&50

48 -- 8 -48
48 -■ 8 -48
48 -■ 8 -48

31.3
35.4
39.6

8*40.6

19.50

■ 8 -48

35.4

44.8
2L50
37.5 ia 18.00
39.
19.00

■8 -48
- 8 -48
- 8 -48

19.00
39.6
3
37.5 1 18.00
33.3
16.00

83

15.
2 17.00
19.00
2

17.00

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.:
r press....................
2 presses.................
3 or more presses..
Baltimore, Md. r
I to 3 presses.........
Charleston, S C.:
*.
3 or 4 presses.........
Jacksonville, Fla.:
I to 3 presses........
4 or more presses..
Richmond, Va.:
2*to 5 presses.........
Washington, D. C ..

50.0
50.0
57.3

24.00
24.0®
27.50

8 1
4
84 1!
84 l i

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

31.3
34.4
37.5

15.00
16.50
18.00

47.9
52.1

23.00
25.00

6 li
9
6 li
9

48 - 8.-48
4 8 - 8 -48

33.3
39.6

2 16.00
2 19.

21.00

* li

8-8-48

31.3

2 15.00

16.50
IS. 00

Jl i

4 8 - 8 -48
4 8 - 8 -48

31.3
37.5

15.00
18.00

25.0 89 12.00
750.0 is 24.00

li
8 11
8

8 - 8 -48
4 8 - 8 -48

25.0
50.0

2 12.00
2 24.00

8 34.4
5
8 3-7.5
5

1 Double time after midnight.
%Nominal rate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
* Hours vary; but total 48 per week.
12 Doable: time after 10 p. m.
i® More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported..
18 For New Year’s, Thanksgiving, and Memorial days, time and one-half.
25 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
6 Double time after 10 p. m .,and on Saturday after 5 p. m.
9
7 Or automatic job presses or automatic process presses.
9
8 Scale became 66.7 ce©ts on Sept. 1,1919.
0
8 Double time after midnight and on Saturday after 6 p. m.
1
82 Scale became 46.9 cents on Aug. 1, 1919.
8* Scale became 51 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
84 Double time on Saturday after 5 p. m.
8 Scale became 43.8 cents per hour and $1.50 per week for each additional press on July 15,1919.
5
so Nomina Irate. A ll received more; average $25.
87 Scale became 52:1 cents on Sept. 3,1919.
ss Double time after 4 hours and on Saturday for all overtime.




227

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15. 1919.

T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN': PLA T E N —Continued.
May 15, 1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
Fo«r
full
over­
time. time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL.
62.5
64.6
67.7
70.8

30.00
31.00
32.50
34.00

R eg m a r ra te
m u ffl IpluM
W

34lil
34 l i
34 i j
3* l i

2

2
2
2

C en ts.

«8 - 8
4 8- —8
4g - 8
48 - 8

D o lls .

-48
-48
-48
-48

43.8
46.9
50.0
53.1

21.00 4 8
22.50 4 8
24.00 4 8
25.50 . 4 g

-48
-48
-48
-48

68.8

33.00

341^

2

00

51.0

24.50 ?48 - 8 -48

44.8
46.4
47.9
51.0

21.50
22.25
23.00
24.50

li
li
li
li

2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8 —8 —
48
8-8-48

37.5
39.6
43.8
47.9

18.00
19.00
21.00
23.00

68.8
50.0
56.3
60.4
64.6
54.2

33.00
24.00
27.00
29.00
31.00
26.00

1li

2
2
2
2
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
4 8 - 8 -48

50.0
39.6
41.7
45.8
50.0
45.8

24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
19.00 8 - 8 -48
20.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
22.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
22.00 4 8 - 8 -48

54.2

26.00

li

2

S - 8 -48

41.3

19.80

70.8

34.00

Jli

2

8-8-48

58.3

28.00

8 - 8 -4S

45.8
47.9
50.0
52.1

22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00

i n

2
2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
* 8-8-48
8-8-48

37.5 - 2 18.00
39.6 2 19.00
41.7 13-20.00
21.00
43.8

8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

9 46.9
0
9 51.0
0
9 56.3
0
9 60.4
0
52.1

22.50
24.50
27.00
29.00
25.00

9 35.4
2
9 37.5
3
9439.6

2 17.00
18.00
19.00

9 39.6
5
9 43.8
6

2 I.OO:

97 4 7 .9
98 52.1
9 9 5 4 .2

23.00,
25.00
26.00!

8 li
9
8 li|
9
891§
89 1J
89 l j

1 ii

* i*
14 1 *

2

2
2
2

“ 1*
14 l i

2
2
2
2
2

8|- 4^-48
S i- 4J-48
8 f- 4£-48
4£-48
8§- 4£-48

12 l i
12 H
12 l i

2
2
2

4 8 - 8 -48
4 8 - 8 -48
4 8 - 8 -48

19.00 ! 69 1*
6 ij
9
6 li
9
6 H
9
® ij

2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -4 8

H^
14 1J

2
2

M 35.4
!
35.4
!
39.6
li
43.8
j-

:

(91)

17.00 ’
17.00
19.00
21.00 ;
(91)

g - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48

4i-4S
4i-4 8
84- 4i-48
8 f- 4i-48
(al)

8fr8 t-

35.4
37.5
39.6

17.00 4 8 - 8 -48
18.00 48 - 8 -48
19.00 4 8 - 8 - 4 8

3 7 .5

18.00
20.00
22.00
24.00
25.00 1

41.7
45.8
50.0
52.1

1 Double time after midnight.
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
4 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
1 Double time after 10 p, m.
2
1 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
3
14 Double time after 5 hours.
84 Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
«9 Double time after 10 p. m. and on Saturday after 5 p. m.
8 Double time after midnight and after completion of 48-hour week.
9
9 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 14,1919.
0
® No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
i
9 Scale became 43.8cents on Aug. 1, and 46.9 cents on Nov. 1,1919.
2
93 Scale became 47.9 cents on Aug. 1, and 51 cents on Nov. 1, 1919.
94 Scale became 52.1 cents on Aug. 21, and 55.2 cents on Nov. 1,1919.
9 Scale became 47.9 cents on June 21,1919.
5
96 Scale became 52.1 cents on June 21,1919.
9 Scale became 56.3 cents on June 21,1919.
7
98 Scale became 60.4 cents on June 21,1919.
9 Scale became 62.5 cents on June 21,1919.
9




-8
- 8
- 8
_ 8

O
O
1
O
O
1

Chicago, 111.:
1 to 3 presses........................
4 presses............................
5 pre sse s...........................
6 presses................................
I combination press with
web attachment.............
Cincinnati, Ohio:
1 or 2 presses-.......................
3 presses................................
4 presses..............................
5 presses................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
1 flat or rotary press..........
1 or 2 presses.......................
3 or 4 presses.......................
5 to 8 presses.......................
9 presses...............................
Columbus, Ohio.....................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, III..
Dayton, Ohio:
Foremen...............................
Des Moines, Iowa:
1 press...................................
2 presses................................
3 presses...............................
4 or more presses......... ..
Detroit, Mich.:
1 press.................................
2 presses.........................
3 presses................................
4 presses..............................
1 Kidder press....................
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
lo r 2 presses*......................
3 presses...............................
4 presses................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
1 or 2 presses........................
3 presses................................
4 presses................................
5 presses................................
6 presses................................

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hotirst
Hours:
with
Full days;
Full days; Sat­
Per 1Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per
week, Full week.
Full week*
full
half hour.
time.
holi­
day.

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

228

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSM EN: P LA T E N —Continued.
May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
For
week, over­
full
time.
time.

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.

Kansas City, Mo.:
1 or 2 presses.....................
5 or more presses.
Milwaukee, W is.:
1 or 2 presses.........
Minneapolis, Minn.:
1 or 2 presses..........
4 or more presses..
Omaha, Nebr.:
1 or 2 presses.........
4
5 presses.
Peoria, 111. :
In charge11........................
In charge12........................
Under man u.....................
St. Louis, Mo.:
1 or 2 platen presses or one
28-inch coupon press___
1 automatic feed and 1
hand feed press.............
4 presses w
..........................
St. Paul, Minn.:
4 presses............
Toledo, Ohio:
1 to 3 presses..
4 to 5 presses..
Wichita, Kans.:
2 presses............
Youngstown, Ohio..........

C en ts.
44. i

D o lls .

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
week,
urday Per
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u i a r r a te
m u lti p lied
by

C e n ts .

19.00 *8 - 8 -48»
20.00 2 8 - 8 -48
21.00 2 8 - 8 -48
22.00 28 —8 —
48

21.50
22.50
23.50
24.50

*1*
*1*
*11
1 ii

2
2
2
2

a8
a8
a8
a8

-48
-48
-48
-48

39. C
41.7
43.8
45.8

49.0
49.0
53.1

3 23.50
5 23.50
6 25.50

4i i
4 ii
4ii

2
2
2

2 8 - 8 -48
a 8 - 8 -48
« 8 - 8 -48

37.5
39.6
43.8

6 36.0
*38.0
w 42.0

17.28
18.24
20.16

4li

72

4 li

72
72

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

28.5
30.0
36.0

13.86
14.85
17.82

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

1 lh
1li
i if

2
2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

35.4
37.5
39.6
41.7

3 17.00
s 18.00
3 19.00
3 20.00

50.0
50.0
45.8

24.00
24.00
22.00

4li
* li

2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

35.4
33.
31.3

17.00
16.00
15.00

w 45.

22.00

4li

2

8-8-48

1 46.6
5
1 50.0
7

22.35
24.00

* li
4 li

2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48

42.4
45.

20.35
22.00

H 38.2
i« 43.8

18.34
21.00

* li
*11

72
72

8 f- 4J-48
8 f- 41-48

34.4
39.6

16.50
19.00

w 47,
is 54.2

23.00
26.00

2
2

2 8 - 8 -48

* ii

40.6
46.9

19.50
22.50

38.5
40.6
53.1

18.50
3 19.50
25.50

2
2

2 8 - 8 -48
2 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

34.4
38.5
51.0

16.50
3 18.50
24.50

4li

* n

4H
li

n

8
8
8
8

D o lls .

46.9
49.0
51.0

1li

-

3 18.00 2 8 6 19.00 2 8 6 21.00 2 8 -

20.00

1 Double time after 4 hours.
2 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
a Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
4 Double time after midnight.
6 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
6 Scale became 47 cents on June 1, 1919.
7 For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.
8 Work 49 hours, paid for 49|.
9 Scale became 49 cents on June 1,1919.
w Scale became 55 cents on June 1,1919.
1 Classed as operating 4 presses in report for 1918.
1
12 Classed as operating 3 presses in report for 1918.
u Classed as operating 1 or 2 presses m report for 1918.
Scale became 50 cents on June 1, 1919.
1 Scale became 50.7 cents on June 1,1919.
5
is Or one 42-inch coupon press,
w Scale became 54.2 cents on June 1,1919.
i8 Scale became 60.4 cents on June 1,1919.




Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;:
Full week.

8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 9 - 4 -49
89 - 4 -49
8 9 - 4 -49
8-8- 48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8- 48
8-8- 48
8-8-48:
8-8- 48
8-8-48
8-8- 48
8f- 41-48
8f- 41-48
2 8 - 8 -48
2 8 - 8 -48
28 - 8 -48
2 8 - 8 -48
8-8- 48

UNION" SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b l e A . — UNION

229

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSM EN: PLA T E N —Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week,
days
over­
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

SOUTH CENTRAL.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Per
Full week. half hour. week,
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Regu'i i r rate
m u lti rplied

C en ts. D o lls .
Birmingham, Ala.:
35.4 s 17.00
1 or 2 presses.......................
37.5 *18.00
3 to 5 presses*.....................
41.7 3 20.00
6 to 8 presses.......................
45.8 8 22.00
9 presses and over.............
44.8
21.50
Dallas, T ex.: 1 to 4presses..
Houston, T ex.:
35.4 2 17.00
0
1 or 2 presses..................... .
40.6 3 19.50
3
3 to 5 presses..................... .
Little Rock, Ark.:
33.3 8 16.00
1 automatic press............. .
37.5 8 18.00
3 or 4 presses..................... .
Louisville, K y.:
32.8
15.75
1 press.................................
2 presses or 1 press with
36.5
17.50
automatic attachment.,
39.6
19.00
3 presses............................ .
42.2
20.25
4 presses..............................
44.8
21.50
5 presses..............................
37.5 '3 18.00
Memphis, Tenn...................
34.4 3 16.50
1 automat ic press.............
Nashville, Tenn.:
50.0
24.00
54.2
26.00
4 presses...............................
54.2
26.00
5 presses.............................. .
New Orleans, La.: 1 or 2
42.7
20.50
presses................................. .

1 i f ~~ 2
9
is i|
2
2
»1 1
1 ij
9
2
2
14

a8 - 8 -48
* 8 - 8 - 48
a8 - 8 -48
a8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

li
14

2
2

14
li

33 2

C e n ts .

D o lls .

35.4
37.5
41.7
45.8
40.6

8 17.00
8 18.00
3 20.00
8 22.00
19.50

a 8 - 8 -48
i
ai.8 - 8 -48

35.4
40.6

8 17.00 218 - 8 -48
8 19.50 3 8 - 8 -48
1

S2
3

a8 - 8 -48
a8 - 8 -48

33.3
37.5

3 16.00 3 8 - 8 -48
3 18.00 * 8 - 8 - 4 8

8f- 4^-48

a 8 - 8 -48
a 8 - 8 -48
a 8 - 8 -48
3 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

41*

2

30.2

14.50

4 14
4li
4l i
4 14
14
14

2
2
2
2
2
2

33.3
35.4
37.5
39.6
37.5
34.4

16.00 8 f17.00 8 f18.00 8 f19.00 8 f18.00 2 8 16.50 2 8 -

l|
14
14

2
2
2

33.3
35.4
39.6

14

14

8- 8-48

37.5

18.00

8-8-48

8-8-48

3
3
3

8 f- 4i-48
4|-48
4J-48
4i-48
4i-48
8 -48
8 -48

16.00 2 8 - 8 -48
17.00 2 8 - 8 -48
19.00 3 8 - 8 -48

WESTERN.

62.5

Butte, Mont___
Denver, Colo.:
1 or 2 presses.
4 or 5 presses.......................
6 presses...............................
7 presses...............................
Los Angeles, Calif.:
3 presses or less..................
4 presses.............................. .
5 or more p r e s s e s .......... .
Portland, Oreg.:
Foremen, 1 or 2 presses.. .
Foremen, 3 or more
Journeymen, 1 or 2 presses.
Journeymen, 3 or more
presses..............................

30.00

2 li
4

2

8-8-48

50.0

24.00

50.0
54.2
56.3
60.4
62.5

24.00
26.00
27.00
29.00
30.00

2 14
6
3 14
6
» 14
2 14
6
2 14
6

2
2
2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 - 48
8-8-48

41.7
45.8
47.9
52.1
54.2

20.00
6 22.00
6 23.00
6 25.00
6 26.00

50.0
52.1
56.3

24.00
25.00 ‘
27.00

4 14
4 14
* 14

2
2
2

8 - 8- 4 8
8-8-48
8-8-48

44.8
46.9
49.0

21.50
22.50
23.50

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

61.5

29.50

14

8 - 8 - 48

50.0

24.00

8-8-48

69.8
60.4

33.50
29.00

li
14

8- 8-48
8- 8-48

53.1
46.9

25.50
22.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

25.50

8-8-48

14
14
14

63.5
8 - 8- 4 8
30.50
53.1
li
li
s Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
4 Double time after midnight.
® More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
1 Time and one-half after 1 hour.
9
a Nominal rate. All received more; average $20.
o
2 44hours per week, May to August, inclusive.
1
2 Nominal rate. All received more; average $22.50.
3
a For New Year’s, July 4, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.
s
2 Double time after 10 p. m. and on Saturday after 5 p. m.
<
3 Double time after 10 p. m. and on Saturday after 6 p. m.
5




3

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 —8 —
48
8-8-48

2&€f

BULLETIN Q® THE BUREAU OS’ LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PREHTESTG AND P^BilSHES©: BOOK AND JOB—Cenelttded.
PRESSICEU : PLA T E N —Concluded.
May 15, 1918.

May 15,. 1919..
Hate of wages—
Geographical division and
eity.
Per

hear.

Per : For
week, over­
mil time.
time.

For
Sun­
days
and;

holi­
days.

w e s t e r n — concluded.

Salt Late City, ¥tah:
Cents. Dolls.
56.3
27..00
a-pressesi..^........................
56.3
27.00
4 or 5 presses-.....................
s
>
56.3
27.00
$ presses.............................
56.3
27.00
&presses.............................
San: Francisco* CaMf.:
64.6
31.00
Foremen.............................
1 or 2 presses* or 1 local: or
58.
28.00
roll ticket press .............
3 presses, or 1 coupon
ticket press, or 2 auto-;
62.5
30.00
maiie presses.................
Seattle, wash.:
63.5
30.50.
Foremen, 1 or 2 presses..
68.
33.00
Foremen, 3 or more presses
62.5
30.00
Journeymen,. 1 or 2 presses.
Journeymen,- 3; or more
65.6
31. 50
£ or 2;
3 presses..............................
1 automatic and 3 platen

R e g u la r vote
m u ltip lied
by

261|
*1*
*1*
2 1i
8

2 1
6 -1
26 1^
2 11
6
26 11

DoUs.

40.6
43.
46.
53.1

3 19.50
6 21.00
3 22.50
3-25.59

8 -488 -48
& -48
8 - 8 -4 8

56.3

-8—
48
- 8 -48
- 8 -48
-8-48

27.00

8 - 8 -48

50.0

24.00.

8-8-48

■ 8 -48

li

• 8 - 48

li

• 8 -48

54.2

26.00

1-8-48-

2

Mi

Mi

C e n ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

li

* li

4 1*

x14

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

- 8 -48
- 8 -48
- 8 -48

51.0
57.3
47.9

24.50
27.50
23-. 00

1- 8 -48,
!- - 8 -48
. - 8 -48

27
27 2
27 2

,

Mi

51.0

24.50

55.7
58.9

26.75
28.25

Mi
Mi

\ -48

46.9
50.0

22.50.
24vO
G

65.6

31.50

Mi

I -48

55.2

•8 -4&
■8-48.

P R IN T IN G A N D P U B L IS H IN G : N E W S P A P E B .
COMPOSITORS: Daywork.
i
NORTH ATLANTIC.

83.0
Boston, Mass.........................
60.4
Bridgeport* Conn..................
BuaSala, E L Y .i
F.ngfeh_________ ________
65.6
50.0
German................................
49.0
Fall Rivers Mass....................
41.7
Manchester, N . H .................
Newark, N» J.i
76.1
English.................................
56.3
German...............................
50.0
New Haven, Conn.................
New Yorkr N. Y .;
96.7
English..............................
'*
Bohemian........................... s 53.3
German................................ 36 86.7

34.86 2»100c 301 3 1 - 7 - 7 - 4 2
29.00
8-8-48
* i ; 32 1|
31.50
24.00
23.50
3 20.00,
35.00
22.50
24.00
43.50
24.00
32.50

I

n

28.56 3 * 7 - 7 - 4 2 1
24.00 8 - 8 -4& \

2 • 8-8-48
8-8-48
a
2 • 8 —8 -48
32 1|
8.-8-48

59.4
41.7
45.8
39.6

28.50
20.00 •
22.00
19.00

t 1 7g- 7f-46
I .08-8-40
2
8-8-48

69.6
56.3
50.0

32.00 71-71-4622.50 »& - 8 - 4 0
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

1

ii

3 1&
3

68.0
50.0

71.1
46.7
73.3

32.00 7J- 7J-45
21.00 7 i- 7i-45
27.50 « 7J- 7ir37£

2

3
%
i
35
li

7 b - 7%-45

H 7 £ - 7i-45
2 « 7 i - 7i-37i

Work 5 days per week,
i Double time after 4 hours.
3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
* Double time after midnight.
6 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
2 Double time after midnight and on Sundays and holidays for all overtime*
6
2 Time and one-half on Saturday afternoon, June to August., inclusive.
7
28 44 hours per week, June. to. August, inclusive.
2 Rate in cents per hour; time and one-half after 3 hours.
9
3 For holidays; for Sundays,. 7 hours7 pay for 6 hours7 work.
0
3 Actual hours worked;, minimum. 6, maximum 8.
1
8 For Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
2
3 Double time after 6 hours.
3
3 Scale became 62.2 cents on Aug. 1, 1919.
<
3 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
5
*6 Scale became 89.3 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
a




8 - 8 -48
8. - & -48
8-8-48
8- ~ g -48

•UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 2:31
A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

T a b le

PRINTING AND PTJBMSHING: NEWSPAPERS—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Daywoxk—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Pep
For
week,. over­ days
and
full
time. holi­
time.
days.

NORTH ATLANTIC— concld.

New York, N. Y .—Concld. C en ts, D o lls .
Hebrew — ........................ v 102.8
37.00
Hungarian.........................
78.6
33.00
Hungarian make-ups-----78.6
33; 00
Italian.................................
30.00
71.4
66.7
32.00
Philadelphia. Pa..............
Pittsburgh, Pa..................... 38 77.0
34.65
Portland, Me........................
41.7 5 20.00
Providence, R .L ........ .........
66.7
32.00
Rochester,.N-. Y .:
English...... ................... .
58.3
28.00
German..............................
4&
45.
22.00
Scranton, Pa^......................... « 60.4 5 29.00
« 50.0
Springfield, M ass................
24.00
Worcester,. Mass.:
English...............................
31.50
65.6
French................................
65.6
31.50

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
Per
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Regular rate,
multiplied
C en ts.

D o lls .

1
1
1
2
1
1
21

6-6-36
7 - 7 -42
7-7-42
7-7-42
8-8-48
9 7j - 7i-45
8-8-48
8-8-48

91.7
64.3
78.6
61.9
50.0
65.0
39.6
52.1

33.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
27.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
33.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
26.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
29.25 »7 i- 7^-45
5 19.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.00 8 - 8 -4$

2
2

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48

46.9
41.7
52.1
47.9

22.50
20.00
5 25.00
23.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

8-8-48
8-8-48

49.0
44.8

23.50
21.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48

50.0

24.00

43 2

li
43 2
43 2

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, Md.:
English................ .

German..............
Charleston. S ..C .. .
Jacksonville, F la ..
Norfolk, V a ............
Richmond, Va.......
Washington, D . C .

60.6

29.10

65.5
27.50
17:00
35.4
4 18.00
5
42;
65.6
31.50
76.0
36.50
4 22.00
7
45.
92.9
39.00

li
75c
60c

1
1
1

90e
li
44 104c

32 2
1
1

44
44

46 1

7
8
7
8
8
8
7

-42
—
48
-42
-48
-48
-48
-42

61.9
26.00
17.00
35.4
3 18.00
42.
52.1
25.00
46.9 3 22; 50
8
45.8 4 22.00
29.33

1-8-48
7- 7
8- 8
7. - 7
■8
•8
■8
■7

-42
-48-42
-48
-48
-48
-42

NORTH CENTRAL.

! Chicago, HI.:

English.............................
79.0
Bohemian.................... .
75.0
German........ ..................
75.0
Norwegian........................... si 67.7
Polish..............................
75.0,
Swedish.............. . . . .......
75.0
Cincinnati, Ohio..............
87.5
Cleveland, Ohio:
5 68.8
3
English...........................
German..........................
60.4

35L 55
1
^ 49 I
36.00 50
2
30.00
2
2
32:50 ‘ 10@c 44 1 0 0 c
36.00
2
li
36.00 52 l i
2
42.00
li
li

ii

7J—
45
8 -48
8 -40
- 8 -48
■ 8 -48
. 8 -48
- 8 -48

66.0
57.3
62.5
62.0
57.3
57.3
56.3

33.00
29.001

1£
1|

■ 8 -48
• 8 -48

62.5
56.3

29.70 3 7J- 7^-459
27.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.00 a 8 - 8 -4Q
29.76 8 - 8 - 4 8
27.50 8 - 8 -48
27.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
3 27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.00
27.00

Work 5 days per week.
3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
6 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported*
32 For Sundays; for holidays, single time.
3 Scale became $1,167 on Sept. 1, 1919.
7
3 Scale became 87.5 cents on Sept. 1, 1919.
8
3 Minimum; maximum 8 hours per day.
9
4 Scale became 47.9 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
0
4 Scale became 70.8 cents on July 1,1919.
1
4 Scale became 56.3 cents on Aug. 29,1919.
2
4 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
3
4 Rate in cents per hour.
4
4 Nominal rate. All received more, $32 to $35.
5
4 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers double time.
6
4 40 per cent received $4 and 60 per cent received $6 per week more, tfian the scale.
7
4«*Nominal rate. All received more, $25 to $28.
4 For Sundays on, 6-day papers time and one-half.
9
6 Double time after 3'hours and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
0
5 Scale became 72.9 cents on June 15,1919.
1
52 Double time after 8 p. m. and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
6 Scale became 79.4 cents on June 11,. 1919.
3
a




8-8-48
8-8-48

232

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Daywork—Continued.
May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week, over­ days
and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

C en ts.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
by—
55 2

C e n ts .

Columbus, Ohio....................
8-8-48
66.7
32.50 « i T
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111..
65.0
8-8-48
2
31.20
11
67 2
Dayton? Ohio....................
8-8-48
5 G2.5
6
30.00
11
62.
8-8-48
Des Moines, Iowa.............
6 30.00
li
li
Detroit, Mich.:
8
English............................
74.5
35.76
ii
l i 5 8 — 8 -48
German..........................
60.0
24.00 44 70c 44 70c 0 8 - 8 -40
Grand Rapids, Mich........
1
8-8-48
m 56.3
27.00
li
6111
so 60.4
Indianapolis, Ind.............
8-8-48
29.00
li
49 1
Kansas City, Mo...............
33.00
8-8-48
li
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English...........................
56.3
27.00
2
8-8-48
4li
«1
German...........................
56.3
8-8-48
27.00
li
Minneapolis, Minn.:
62 1
English............................
62.5
8-8-48
30.00
li
German...........................
8-8-48
43.8
21.00
2
li
43 1
68.8
8-8-48
Omaha, Nebr....................
33.00
li
63 1
8-7-47
54.1
25.41
Peoria, 111...........................
li
6 63.4
4
St. Louis, Mo....................
29.16 65 76C
1
7§- 7§-46
St. Paul, Minn.:
32 2
English...........................
63.0
5 8 - 8 -48
8
30.24
H
German..........................
43.
21.00
2
8-8-48
li
Toledo, Ohio.....................
58.3 3 2 8 .0 0
2
8-8-48
1 11
Wichita, Kans..................
50.0
24.00
8-8-48
H 49 1
Youngstown, Ohio...........
64.6 3 31.00
8-8-48
li
li

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

60.4

29.00

8-8-4$

55.0
50.0
52.1

26.40
24.00
625.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

60.5
55.0
52.1
56.3
59.4

29.04 5 8 8 - 8 - 4 8
22.00 a S - 8 -40
25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
28.50 8 - 8 - 4 8

56.3
45.8

27.00
22.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

54.0
43.
53.1
49.6
63.4

25.92
21.00
25.50
23.33
29.16

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-7-47
7§- 7§-46

54.5
43.8
58.3
49.0
62.5

26.16 « 8 - 8 -48
-8-48
21.00
-8-48
28.00
23.50
-8-48
-8-48
30.00

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala..
Dallas, Tex.............
Proof readers___
Houston, Tex.........
Little Rock, A r k ..
Louisville, K y ........
Head ad men___
Memphis, Tenn___
Head ad men___
Nashville, T en n ...

67.5
76.0
79.2
6 71.0
62.5
62.5
64.6
66.7
68.9
59.41

5 28.35
36.50
38.00
34.
3 30.00
30.00
31.00
3 30.00
3 31.00
3 28.50

49 1

2
2
1
n

i
i
i
i
i

9 7 - 7 -42
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
9 7J- 7^-45
9 71- 71-45
8-8-48

57.5 5 24.15 39 7 _ 7 -42
62.5
30.00 8 - 8 -48
65.6
31.50 8 - 8 -48
62.7
30.08 8 - 8 -48
52.1
25.00 8 - 8 -48
54.2
26.00 8 - 8 -48
56.3
27.00 8 - 8 -48
27.00 39 71- 71-4560.0
62.2
9
28.00 3 71- 71-45
59.4 3 28.50 8 - 8 -48

Work 5 days per week.
1 Double time after 4 hours.
a Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
* Double time after midnight.
* More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
.3 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
8
39 Minimum; maximum 8 hours per day.
<3 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
44 Rate in cents per hour.
49 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers time and one-half.
® Double time after 1 hour.
4
»5 For Sundays; for July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas full day's pay for 6 hours work.
m Scale became 75 cents on June 21,1919.
67 For Sundays; for holidays full day’s pay for 4 hours’ work.
58 Maximum; minimum 7 hours a day.
59 Scale became 66.7 cents on July 12,1919.
6° Scale became 68.8 cents on July 21,1919.
6i For Sundays, on 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers regular rate; for holidays full days’ pay for
6 hours’ work
«2 For Sundays double time; for July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work; other
holidays regular rate.
6 For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work.
3
64 Scale became 75.3 cents on June 1,1919.
66 Rate in cents per hour until 6 p .m .; 97 cents per hour thereafter.
M Scale became 75 cents on June 7, 1919.
« Double time after 3 hours.
a




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1819. 238
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Daywork—Concluded.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For

Sun­
over­ days
time. and

For

holi­

days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
C e n ts.

Butte, Mont............................
Head ad men......................
Denver, Colo..........................
Los Angeles, Calif.................
Portland, Oreg......................
Salt Lake City, Utah...........
San Francisco, Calif.............
Head ad men and proof
readers..............................
French,
Italian, and
Swedish...........................
Seattle, W ash........................
Spokane, Wash......................

D o lls .

83.3
90.0
- 72.7
75.6
100.0
71.
«»75.6

37.50
3 40.50
32.70
34.00
45.00
3 34.50
34.00

7 82.2
0

-

C e n ts .

1

34.00
42.00
30.00

D oU s.

70.6
76.7
72.7
66.7
72.7
62.5

31.50
*34.50
32.70
30.00
32.70
30.00
31.00

74- 74-45
7 b 71-45
7*- 74-45
74- 74-45
74- 7£-45
8-8-48
7b 74-45

7J-45

75. (

34.00

74- 74-45

7J- 71-45
7-7-42
7 j- 74-45

69.0
80.1
66.7

29.00
6 33.66
30.00

7-7-42
7-7-42
74- 74-45

1
1
49 1
4 1
9
1
1

37.00

«9 75.
100.0
66.7

n

7b-

1

71 1

1

COMPOSITORS: Night work.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass...............
Bridgeport, Conn........
Buffalo, N. Y ...............
Manchester, N. H ___
Newark, N. J.:
English......................
German.....................
New Haven, Conn----New York, N. Y .:
English......................
English, third shift German.....................
Hebrew.....................
Italian........................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
English......................
German.....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
English......................
German.....................
Portland, M e...............
Providence, R. I.........
Rochester, N . Y .........
Scranton, Pa................
Springfield, Mass........
Worcester, Mass..........

87.0
64.6
71.9
47.9

36.54 7 100c
2
31.00
34.50
H
3 23.00
H

1
l
1
l

73 7

- 7 -42
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

72.0
54.2
65.6
45.8

30.24 73 7 - 7 -42
26.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
31.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
22.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

82.6
62.5
56.3

38.00
25.00
27.00

2
14
14

1
l
l

7§- 7§—
46
o 8 - 8 -40
8-8-48

71.7
62.5
56.3

33.00 7§- 7|-46
25.00 a 8 - 8 -40
27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

103.3
117.9
7* 93.3
137.0
76.2

46.50
49.50
35.00
37.00
32.00

14
14
14
14
14

l
l
l
l
2

74- 74-45
7-7-42
o 74- 74-374
44- 44-27
7-7-42

77.8
90.5
80.0
122.2
66.7

35.00 74- 74-45
38.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
30.00 0 74- 74-374
33.00 44- 44-27
28.00 7 - 7 - 4 2

76.1
68.8

35.00
27.50

14
14

1
1

a

7 82.0
5
58.3
45.8
75.6
64.6
7 66.7
6
7 57.3
7
71.9

7|- 7§-46
8 - 8 -40

56.5 !
62.5

26.00 7f- 7§-46
25.00 a 8 - 8 -40

36.90
1 39 74- 74-45
31.50 & 7 i- 74-45
70.0
H
8-8-48
28.00 «80c
1
26.40 8 - 8 -48
55.0
1
8-8-48
22.00
43.8
21.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
14
34.00
1
74- 74-45
60.0
27.00 74- 74-45
14
31.00
1
8-8-48
49.0
23.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
14
32.00
8-8-48
58.3
28.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
14 43 2
27.50
1
8-8-48
55.2
26.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
14
8-8-48
34.50
1
55.2
26.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
14
a Work 5 nights per week.
1 Double time after 4 hours.
* Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
6 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
3 Minimum; maximum, 8 hours per day.
9
« For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
** Rate in cents per hour.
For Sundays on 6-day newspaper time and one-half.
6 Double time after 2 hours.
8
Scale became 93.3 cents on Oct. 21,1919.
70 Scale became $1 on Oct. 21,1919. ,
7 For Sundays; for holidays, full days’s pay for 5 hours' work.
1
72 Rate in cents per hour for first 3 hours; time and one-half thereafter.
73 Actual hours worked; minimum, 6 per day; maximum, 8 per day.
7< Scale became 96 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
7 Scale became 93.8 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
6
7 Scale became 77.1 cents on July 1, 1919.
6
7 Scale became 62.5 cents on Aug. 29, 1919.
7




234

BUULETHsr OF THE BUREAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Night work—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.
Per.
hour.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
w eek,
Full week.
half hour.
fu ll
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u la r ra te
SOUTH ATLANTIC.
C e n ts .

Atlanta, Ga_____________
Baltimore, M<L.................
Charleston, S..G— ............
Proof readers...............
Norfolk,. T a _____ . . . . . . .
Richmond, Va^.................
Washington, D. C............

C e n ts .

D o lls .

66.9
32.10
67.9
28.50 4 80c.
4
8
.59.5 7 25.00
n :
71.4 45 38.00
11
80.2
38.50 « 90c
66.7
32.00
100.0
42,00'«1131c:

D o lls .

8 - 8 -48
7-7-42
7 7 - 7 -42
9
79 7 _ 7 -42
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
7-7-42

27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
56.3
27.00 7 - 7 -42
64.3
59.5 78 25.00 ' 7 - 7 - 4 2
71.4 ^30.00 >7 - 7 -42'
91.0 3 24.50 8 - 8 -48
50.0 3 2*. 00 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.76 7 - 7 - 4 2
73.2

so 7 k - 7£~45
tt 8 — 8" —
40
8-8-48

71.0
68.
68.0

8-8-48
- 8 -40
8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
50.0
68.8
66.7

6 30.00
20.00
33.00
32,00]

8-8-48
8 - 8 - -48
8-8-48
6 8 - 8 -48
8
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 - -48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

56.
58.3
66.0
56.3
60.4
62.
62.5
60.0
59.4
54.6

28.40 8 - 8 - 4 8
27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
3 28.00 8 - 8 -48
3i'. m >8 - 8 -48
27.00 8 - 8 -48
29.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.00 8 - 8 -48
28.80 8 - 8 - 4 8
28.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
26.20 8 - 8 - 4 8

71- 7|-45
a 71-10 -40
-48

72.0
72.0

32.40 7*- 71-45
28.80 * 71-10 -40
33,48 *8 — 8 —
48

64.6
52.1
55.2
68.8

31-00
25.00
26.50
33.00

NORTH GENERAL.

Chicago, 111.:
English.......................... .
€5>ennan.-.....................
Norwegian......................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
English...........................
German.-..........................
Cleveland, Ohio................
Columbus, Ohio.....................
Davenport, Iowa, and MoM and R ock Island, 111.
ine
Dayton, Ohio........................
Des Momes, Iowa................
Detroit, M ich......................
Grand Rapids, Mich...........
Indianapolis, In d ................
Kansas City, Mo..................
Milwaukee, W is ...................
Minneapolis, Minn...............
Omaha, Nebr........................
Peoria, 111..............................
St. Louis >Mo.:
English...............................
German..................... .........
St." Paul, Minn.....................
Toledo, Ohio:
English..........................
German..............................
Wichita, KanSi.....................
Youngstown, Ohio..............

8071.9

85.0
82:5

38.25
33; 00
34.50

93.8
50.0
si 75.0
74.0

45.00
20.00
36.00
35.50

69.2

33,20
33.00
33.00
38.52
30.00
31.00
34.50
3 30.00
33.00
36.00
28.30

83 68.8

68.8
80.3
86 62.5
86 64.6
71.9
62.5
68.8
75.0
59.0

32.40 89 86c
31,10 89 86c
33.48
li

8 72.0
8
77.8
69.8
64.6
52.1
57,3
70.8

3 31.00
5

25.00
27.50
34.00

a8

58 8 — 8

31.95 3 71- 71-45
9
27.50 - " - 8 -40
32.

c Work 5 nights per week..
p
» Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
BMore than half received more thaa the scale; amount not reported.
» Minimum; maximum, 8 hours-per day.
** Rate in cents per hour.
« Nominal rate. All received more, $321o $35.
54 Double time after 1 hour.
58 Maximum; minimum, 7 hours per day.
m For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work.
7 Nominal rate. All received more, $30;to: $35.
8
7 Hours worked; maximum, 48 hours, and same pay per week.
9
8 Scale became 78.1 cents oir June 15> 1919.
0
8 Scale became 86.3 cents on June 11,1919.
1
8 For July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas, full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work.
8
8 Scale became 81.3 cents on June 11,1919.
3
8 For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 4 hours’ work.
4
8 Scale became 60.7 cents on July 12,1919;
5
8 Scale became 75 cents on July 21,1949.
6
8 On 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers, regular rate.
7
8 Scale became 85>5 cents on June 1,1919.
8
8 Rate in cents per hour until 5 a. m.;. $1.08 per hour thereafter..
9
9 Double time after 5 a. m.
0




8-

» -40
; -48
! -48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF tiABOK, M A I 15, 1919. 2 3 5
T 4bee A .— UNION SCALE O-F WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
P R IN T I N G A N D P U B L I S H I N G : N E W S P A P E R — Continued.

COMPOSITORS: Night w<y*—Concluded.
May 15> 1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
with
Full days; SatSun­
Per
Per
Saturdays;
For
week,
week* over­ days Full1week. uBday Per
full
hour.
and
.full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
time.
days.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
eity.
Per
hour.

E e g m ar mt&
m u lti

pi d
le ,

SOUTH CENTRAL.
C ents.

Birmingham, Ala..................
Dallas, Tex..............................
Proof readers.......................
Hcmston, T ex.........................
Little Rock,, Ark...................
Louisville, K y ........................
Head act m en.....................
German................................
Memphis, T enn,...................
H ead ad tbatt .....................
Nashville, Team............... .

Hourst
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

30.45
72.5
85.4
41.00
88.51
42:50
35.28
73.5j
66.7 *32*00
68. 8
33;. 00
75.0
36.00
24.00
50.0
73. a
33.00
77.8
35.00
59.9 a 28.75

9
f t : 49j 3 7 - 7 -42
if
1
8-8-48
if
1
8 - 8- -48
1
8-8-48
14
8-8-48
14
14
67 1J
l
8-8-48
1
8 - 8- -48
6 1|
7
l
8-8-48
14
9
1 3 74- 74-45
14.
l 3 74- 74-45
9
H
1
8-8-48
14

C en ts.

D o lls .

9
62.5
26.25 3 7 68.8
33.00 8 71.9
34.50 8 65.3
i
31.36 8 56.3
27.00 8 60.0
28.80 8 66.7
32.00 8 50.0 3 20.00 8 £& 50 3 74.
63.3
9
67.7
30.50 39 7459.9 3 28. 75 8 -

7 -4&
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -4ft
74-45
74— a
4
8 -48

WESTERN.

90.0
Butte, M oat...........................
96.7
Head ad m en.....................
79.3
Dmver, Colo..........................
82.2
Los Angeles, Calif.................
Portland., Oreg................. ......
110.0
78.1
Salt Lake City, Utah...........
0
Saj* Francisco, Calif.... .......... 7 82.2
Head ad men and proof
2
readers.............................. 9 88.9
French,
Italian,
and
Swedish............................ 70 82.2
107.1
Seattle-, Wash.........................
73.3
Spokane, Wash......................

71

1

7V- n_45

l

1
1

74- 74-45
7fr 74-45
7*_. 7|—
45
74 - 74-45
8-8-48
74- 74-45

75.6

34.50
37.50
35.70
33.00
35.70
5 33.£0
34.00

14

1

74- 7^—
45

82.2

37.00

74- 74-4-5

37.00
14
45,00
1 14
4
5 33.00 4 llQc

1

74- 74-45
7-7-42
7J- 74-45

76.2!
32.00
87.4
36.72
73.3 e 33.00

7 - 7 -42
7 - 7 -4 2

40.50 68 l i
8
43.50 < 14
35.70
14
37.00
14
49. 50 « 165c
5 37.50
14
37.00
14
40.00

1

491
491

7U
1

76.7
83.3
79.3
73.3
79.3
68.8

74-45
74- 74-45
71 74-45
71

7H

5

74— 74—
45'
8 - 8 -48

74- 74-45

7 4 - 7 4-45

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass..........
Bridgeport, Conn..
Buffalo, N. Y .:
English.................
German...............
Fall River, Mass...
Manchester, N. H .
Newark, N. J.:
English.................
German...............

83.0
60.4

34.86 93 100c
29.00
14

65.6
50.0
50.0
41.7

31.50
24.00
24.00
3 20.00

76.1
56.3

35.00
22.50

14
14

98 14

14

2
14

94 1 95 7 - 7 -42
8-8-48
3 14
2

68.0
50.0

28.56 * 7 - 7 -42
24.00 8 - 8 -48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

59.4
41.7
46_»
3&.6

28.50
2&00j
22.50
19.00

7§- 7§-46

69.6
56.31

32.0Q 78- 71-46
22.50) a 8 - 8 -40

2
2
2
3a 14
1
1

08-8 —
40

Work 5 days per week,
i Double time after 4 hours.
3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
8 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
32 For Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
3 Minimum; maximum, 8 hours per day.
9
**■ Rate in cents per hour.
*9 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers time and one-half.
c Double time after 3 hours,
t
es Double time after 2 hours.
7 Scale became $1 on Oct. 21,1919.
0
7 For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 5 hours’ work,
1
w Scale became 75 cents on June 7,1919.
m Scale became $1,067 on Oct. 21,1919.
a Rate in cents per hour for first 3 hours; time and one-half thereafter.
s
m For holidays; for Sundays, 7 hours’ pay for 6 hours’ work.
9 Actual hours worked; minimum, 6 hours per day; maximum, 8 hours per day
6
Double time after 6 hours.
a




8
8
8
8

-

8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-4S

236

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOK STATISTICS.

T a b le A .—

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.

P B IN T m Q A N D

P U B L IS H IN G : N E W S P A P E R —

Continued.

L IN O T Y P E O P E R A T O R S: Daywork—Continued.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
week, For days
over­
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

NORTH ATLANTIC— concld.
C e n ts.

New Haven, Conn.................
New York, N. Y .:
English...............................
Bohemian. 1........................
German...............................
Hebrew...............................
Hungarian...........................
- Italian.................................
Philadelphia, Pa...................
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
Portland, Me..........................
Providence, R. I ....................
D o......................................
Rochester, N . Y .:
English . .
...............
German................................
Scranton, Pa...........................
Springfield, M ass..................
D o......................................
Worcester, Mass.:
English.................................
French..................................

D o lls .

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Per
Full wee£. half hour. week,
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u l i r ra te
muUiiplied
by

2

50.0

24.00

96.7
2 61.9
4 8o.7
« 102.8
104.8
71.4
66.7
8 77.0
41.7
66.7
1 14.0
0

43.50
26.00
32.50
37.00
44.00
30.00
32.00
34.65
7 20.00
32.00

9 11
9
li
li
li
li
li
I2
li
li
li
li

11

58.3
11 45.8
12 60.4
i» 53.3
M9.5

28.00
22.00
29.00
24.00

li
li
li
li
1

65.6
65.6

31.50
31.50

li
li

C e n ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

8-8-48

50.0

1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1

7i- 7i-45
7-7-42
b 75- 7i-37i
6-6-36
7-7-42
7-7-42
8-8-48
9 71- 7J-45
8-8-48
8-8-48
6J- 61-39

71.1
54.8
73.3
91.7
76.2
61.9
52.1
65.0
39.6
52.1

2
2
1
li
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7 i- 71-45
7J- 71-45

49.0
41.7
52.1
51.1
10 9.5

23.50
20.00
25.00
23.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
71- 71-45
7 i- 71-45

14 2

8-8-48
8-8-48

49.0
44.8

23.50
21.50

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

li

1

8-8-48

10 8.5

65.5
27.50 16 75c
35.4
17.00 i6 60c
1 9.0
7
17 11c
58.3
28.00
li
76.0
36.50 *6 90c
56.3 is 27.00
li
92.9
39.00 16 104c

1
1
1
11

7-7-42
8-8-48
9 61- 61-39
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7-7-42

n

1 2
4

10 12.0

24.00

8-8-48

32.00 71- 71-45
23.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
27.50 * 71- 7i-37§
33.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
32.00 7 - 7 _42
26.00 7 _ 7 _42
7 25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
29.25 » 71- 71-45
719.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.00 8 - 8 -48
61- 61-39

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.............................
Baltimore, Md.:
English...............................
German................................
Charleston, S. C .....................
Jacksonville, Flar.................
Norfolk, Va ...........................
Richmond, V a .......................
Washington, D. C .................

« 8.5

32 2

1
1

8 - 8 -48

61.9
26.00 7 - 7 -42
35.4
17.00 8 - 8 -48
1 9.0
8
9 61- 61-39
55.2
26.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
46.9 »7 22.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
56.3
27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
69.8
29.33 7 - 7 - 4 2

i For Sundays on 6-day newspapers double time,
a Scale became 66.7 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
3 For Simdays; for holidays, double time.
4 Scale became 89.3 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
b Work 5 days per week.
6 Scale became $1,167 on Sept. 1,1919.
* More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
8 Scale became 87.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
®Minimum; maximum, 8 hours per day.
w Per 1,000 ems nonpariel.
1 Scale became 47.9 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
1
ia Scale became 70.8 cents on July 1,1919.
13 Scale became 60 cents on Aug. 29,1919.
n For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
16 Per 1,000 ems nonpariel. Scale became 9 cents on July 1,1919.
16 Rate in cents per hour.
1 Per 1,000 ems nonpariel, and a war bonus of 20 per cent on earnings,
7
is Per 1,000 ems nonpariel or minion and a war bonus of $3 per week.
19 N ominal rate. An received more, $30 to $37.
32 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
*7 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
w $2 extra for beginning work at or before 5 a. m .; $1 extra for beginning between 5 and 7 a. m .




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OS' LABOB, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

237

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LIN O TY P E OPER ATO R S: D aywork—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; SatPer
Saturdays; u«*ay Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
English.................................
Bohemian.......................... .
German.............................. .
Norwegian...........................
Polish and Swedish......... .
Cincinnati, Ohio...................
Cleveland, Ohio:
English............................... .
German.............................. .
Columbus, Ohio....................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111..
Des Moines, Iowa.................
Detroit, Mich.:
English.................................
D o.....................................
German.............................. .
Grand Rapids, Mich.............
Indianapolis, In d ................ .
Kansas City, Mo....................
Milwaukee, W is.:
English................................
German..............................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
English...............................
German..............................
Omaha, Nebr.:
English...............................
German..............................
Peoria, 111..............................

C en ts.

C en ts.
27 53.0

D o lls .

h>64.0
2 18.0
2
75.0
67.7
77.9
87.5

9 7$_ 7£-45
6
6-6-36
68-8-40
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

60.4
67.7

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
56.
60.4

7 30.00
27.00
29.00

65.0
62.5

8-8-48
8-8-48

55.0
52.1

26.40
7 25.00

74.5
29.0
60.0
82 56.3
32 60.4
68.8

8-8-48
3 8 - 8 -48
1
6 8 - 8 -40
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

60.5

29.04

56.3
56.3

8-8-48
8-8-48

56.3
47.9

1 10.0
0
43.8

8-8-48
8-8-48

io 10.0
43.

21.00

68.8
68.
54.1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-7-47

53.1
53.1
49.

7 25.50
25.50
23.33

30

95 7£_

« 1 5 .0
62.5
25.00
29.76
62.0
60.2
28.90
56.3 85 27.00

30 26.0

55.0 ” 22*66
52.1
25.00
56.3
27.00
59.4
28.50
7 27.00
23.00

7£~45

6-6- 36
68-8-40
8-8- 48
8 - 8 -48
8-8- 48
8-8- 48
8-8- 48
8-8- 48
8-8- 48
8 - 8 -48

8-8- 48
58 - 8 -40
8-8- 48
8-8- 48
8-8-48
8-8- 48
8-8- 48
8-8-48
8-8- 48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-7-47

a 8 - 8 -48

6 Work 5 days per week.
7 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
io Per 1,000 ems nonpariel.
K For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half,
is Rate in cents per hour.
2 For 3,500 ems per hour, nonpariel; 70 cents for 4,500, and 1 cent for each 100 ems over 4,500 per hour.
0
21 For 6-day newspapers; for 7-day newspapers, regular rate.
22 Per 1,000 ems 8-point or under; over 8-point 21 cents per 1,000 ems.
23 Double time after 3 hours.
24 Per 1,000 ems, 8-point or under; over 8-point, 18 cents per 1,000 ems; $2.50 war bonus added to weekly
earnings.
» Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
26 Scale became 79.2 cents on June 11,1919.
2 For 3,500 ems per hour nonpariel; 58 cents for 4,500 ems, and 1 cent for each 100 ems over 4,500 ems per
7
hour.
2 Double time after 1 hour.
8
2 For July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas, full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work.
9
8 Per 100 lines nonpareil.
0
3 Maximum; minimum, 7 hours per day.
1
32 Scale became 66.7 cents on July 12,1919.
3 On 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers, for Sunday regular rate, for holidays full day’s pay for
3
6 hours’ work.
3 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers time and one-half.
4
3 Nominal rate. All received^more; amount not reported.
5
3 Double time after midnight.
6
3 For Sundays double time; for July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas, full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work;
7
other holidays, regular rate.
3 For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay,for 6 hours’ work.
8
9 Actual hours worked; minimum, 6 hours per day; maximum, 8 hours per day.
5
»8 Full holiday on Saturday.




238

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LIN O TY PE O P E R A T O R S : D aywork—Concluded.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL—COndd,

R e g u l a r ra te
m ulti Iplied
by

1
9
St. Louis, Mo.......................... S 11.5
4 13&
0
C
St. Paul, Minn.:
2
1| 4 2
30.24
English.................................
63.0
2
l| 4 2
Do ...................................... H>10.0
l| * 2
43.8 ""*2l o 6
German................................
l| 4 1
4
Wichita, K ans.......................
50.0
24.00

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Per
week,
Full week.
half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C ents.

Hoars:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

4i 7 _ 7 -42

io 1 1 .5

41 7 — 7 —
42

si 8 - 8 -48
4 8 - 8 -48
3
8-8-48
8-8-48

63.0
io 10.0
43.8
49.0

30.24 3 1 8 - 8 - 4 8
43 8 _ 8 -48
21.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
23.50 8 - 8 - 4 8

57.5
< 9.0
5

7 24.15 si 7 _ 7 _42
31 7 _ 7 _42
« 6 4 - 64-39
4 6 - 6 -36
9
27.30 7 - 7 -42
7-7-42
26.16 8 - 8 - 4 8
« 7 4 - 74-45
28.50 8 - 8 - 4 8

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Birmingham, A la..................
D o......................................
Dallas, Tex..............................
........ ................
Little Rock, Ark...................
D o................................
Lqjiisville, K y........................
Memphis, Tenn.....................
Nashville, Tenn.....................

4 1 si 7 _ 7 -42
4
67.5 7 28.35
H
W 10.0
if
1 3i 7 - 7 -42
io 12.0
6
1
1 4 6 *- 6£-39
1Tex 1
7-7-42
io 11.0
Houston,
78.6 8 33.00
7-7-42
8
li
n
io 10.5
7-7-42
u
li
7
1
62.5
30.00 4 H
8-8-48
1*
1
4» 9.5
7*- 74-45
6 02.5
0
l£
1
8-8-48
30.00

10 12.0
1 11 .0
0

65.0
io 10.0
54.5
io 9 .5
59.4

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont...........................
Denver, Colo..........................
Los Angeles, Calif..................
Portland, Oreg...................
Salt Lake City, Utah...........
San Francisco, Calif.:
English.................... ...........
French,
Italian,
and
Swedish............................
Seattle, W ash.........................
Spokane, Wash......................

83.3
72.7
75.6
io 11.0

37.50 “ l i
ll
32.70
ll
34.00
45.00 16 150c
li

5 75.6
3

34.00

100.0

« 75.6
100.0

5 66.7
6

1
1

4 1
4
4 1
4
1

74747|745 8 2

74-45
74-45
74-4o
74-45
8 -48

70.0
72.7
66.7
72.7

31.50
32. 70
30.00
32.70

io 10.0

7474747452 8 -

li

1

74- 74-45

68.9

31.00

74- 74-45

34.00
li
42.00 5 if
4
7 30.00 1 100c
6

1
55 1
1

74- 74-45
7-7-42
74- 74-45

69.0
80.1
5» 66.7

29.00
7 33.66
7 30.00

7 - 7 -42
7-7-42
74- 74-45

7 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
10 Per 1,000 ems nonpareil.

i« Rate in cents per hour.
3 Maximum; minimum, 7 hours per day.
1
35 Nominal rate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
3 Per 1,000 ems agate or nonpareil. Scale became 13 cents on June 1,1919.
9
40 Rate in cents per 1,000 ems.

4 Minimum; maximum 7j| hours per day.
1
« For Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
4 Maximum; minimum, 6 hours per day.
3
« For Sundays on 6-day newspapers time and one-half.
45 Per 1,000 ems. More than.half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
« Maximum; minimum hh hours per day.
« Double time after 3 hours.
4 Per 1,000 ems nonpareil, plus a bonus of 45 cents per day.
8
4 Minimum; maximum, 8 hours per day, 48 per week.
9
50 Scale became 68.8 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
m Double time after 2 hours.
52 Maximum; minimum 64 hours per day.
63 Scale became 93.3 cents on Oct. 2,1919.
6 Double time after 4 hours.
4
w For Sundays; for holidays full day’s pay for 5 hours’ work.
** And 1 cent per 100 ems over 41,250 per day.




74-45
74-45
74-45
74-45
8 -48

U N IO N SOALE OF WAGES AIn HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1919. 2 3 9
TD
T a b l e J u — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.

PRINTING ANI> PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER— Continued.
LIN O TY P E O PE R ATO R S: Wight work.
May 15, 1918.

May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

Bolls.

R eg u la r m te
m u ltip lie d

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston. Mass,........
Lebster* shift___
Bridgeport, Conn..
Buffalo, N . Y .:
Engftsh.................
German................
Manchester, N . H .
Newark, N . J.:
German.............................. .
New Haven, Conn............... .
New York, N . Y .:
English.................................
English, third shift, 2 a. m.
to 10 a. m .........................
German.............................. .
Hebrew.............................. .
Hungarian...........................
Italian...
Philadelphia, Pa.:
English.................
German...............
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
English.................
German................
Portland, M e.........
Providence, R. I ...
D o.....................
Rochester, N . Y . ..
Scranton, Pa..........
Do..
Worcester, Mass.

For
For Sun­
days
over­ Mid
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
SatSaturdays; uiday Per
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

87.0
92.0
64.6

Cents.

3B6.54P lO ca
O
O
38; 64 » l O e
31.00
li

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Bolls.

5 7 - 7 -42
8
6 7 - 7 -42
8
8-8-48

72.0
77.0
54.2

30.24
32.34
26.00
31.50
22.00
22.00

7 -42
7 -42
8 -48

71.9
34.50
27.00
56.3
5
47.9 3 23.00

li
li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

65.6
45.8
45.

82.6
62.5
56.3

38.00
25.00
27.00

2
li
li

7§- 7|-46
5 8 - 8 -40
8-8-48

71.7
62.5

7 33.00 7§- 71-46
25.00 5 8 - 8 -40
27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

103.3

46.50

ii

7 i- 71-45

77.8

7 35.00

117.9
6i 93.3
62137.0
107.1
76.2

49.50
35.00
37.00
45.00
32.00

ii
ii
ii
li
li

7-7-42
5 7*- 7i~37|
4i- 4i-27
7-7-42
7-7-42

90.5
80.0
122.2
78.6
66.7

76.1
68.5

35.00
27.50

M

7£-7f-46
£ 8 - 8 -40

60.9
62.5

6 82.0
3
58.3
50.0
75.6
io *5.0
64.6
6 66.7
5
6 61.1
6
io 10 .5
71.

36.90
li
28.00 1 80c
6
24.00
li
34.00
li
li
31.00
li
32.00
li
27.50
li
1
li

» 7 i- 7i-45
8-8-48
8-8-48
7 b 7J-45
6-6-36
8-8-48
8-8-48
7b 7J-45
7b 71-45
8-8-48

70.0
55.0
47.9
60.0
io 13.0
53.1
58.3
58.9
1 10.5
0
55.2

6 10.0
7
67.9
io ll.O
80.2
72.9
100.0

li
18.50 1 80c
6
io 13c
s 38.50 i»90e
35.00
li
42.00 !»I13|c

8-8-48
7-7-42
>6J- 6i-39
8-8-48
8-8-48
7-7-42

i«10.0
64.3
i° 11.0
51.0
62.5
73.2

8 - 8 -4 8
8 - 8 -48.
8-8-48

7i- 7i-45

38.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
30.00 5 7b 7i-37£
33.00 4 b 4|-27
33.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
28.00 7 - 7 -42l
7 28.00 7|_ 71-46
25.00 s 8 —8 -40
31.50 9 7b
26.40
23.00
27.00 7 b
16 25:50
28.00
26.50

7i-45
8 -48
7 ir4 5

6 -36
8 -48
8 -48
7J-45
7b45

26.50

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, Md.......
Charleston, S. C . . .
Norfolk, Va.............
Richmond, Va.......
Washington, D. C.

8-8-48
7-7-42
>6f- 6J-39
s 24.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.70 7 - 7 - 4 2
27.00

5 Work 5 days per week.
7 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
9 Minimum; maximum, 8 hours per day.
1 Per 1,000 ems nonpareil.
0
i6 Rate in cents per hour.
3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
5
6 Rate in cents per hour for first 3 hours; time and one-half thereafter.
7
6 Actual hours worked; minimum, 6 hours per day; maximum, 8 hours per day.
®
6 For Saturday nights and Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
9
6 Scale became 96 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
1
62 Scale became $1,556 on Sept. 1,1919.
6 Scale became 93.8 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on Sept. 1,1919.
3
6 Minimum; maximum, 7J hours per day.
4
6 Scale became 77.1 cents on July 1,1019.
5
w Scale became 66.7 cents on Aug. 29,1919.
per 1,000 ems nonpareil. Scale became 10.5 cents on July 1,1919.




240

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OP LABOB STATISTICS.

T able A _ UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
_

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER— Continued.
LIN O TY PE O P E R A T O R S : Night w ork—Continued.
May 15, 1919.

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
with
For Hours:
Full days;
Sun- Saturdays; Sat­
Per
For
week,.
urday Per
over­ and
Full week. half hour.
full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
days,
day.

Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, HI.:
English.......
Bohemian..
German----Norwegian..
Cincinnati, Ohio:
English................................
German................................
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
Columbus. Ohio....................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111..
Des Moines, Iowa..................
Detroit, Mich..........................
D o .....................................
Grand Rapids, Mich.............
Indianapolis, lnd...........
Kansas City, Mo....................
Milwaukee, W is.....................
Minneapolis, Minn................
Omaha, Nebr.........................
Peoria, 111................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
English.................................
German................................
St. Paul:
English.................................
Do......................................
Wichita, Kans........................

Cents.
68 7 0.0

7 20.0
1
82.5
7 7i.
3
82.9
93.8
50.0
7* 75.0
74.0

D o lls .

R e g u l a r ra te
m u ltip lie d
by

U

«91
2
2

l!
i
i*
2 li
8

1
1
1

6 7£_ 7^-45
8
6-6-36
33.00
2
5 8 - 8 -40
34.50 161100 16110C
8-8-48
39.
2
u
23 1 J

45.00
20.00
7 36.00
35.50

69.2
33.20
68.8
33.00
80.3
38.52
3 30.0
0
7 62.5 *'30.00
7
7 64.6
8
31.00
71.9
34.50
62.5 3 30.00
6
io 11.0
75.0
36.00
28.30
59.0

1
1
ii

H
ii
i
li
li

(an

8 13.5
0
77.

31.10

i«11.0
56.3

'27.00

33.48

75 2

8-8-48
6 8 - 8 -40
8-8-48
8-8-48

2

8-8-48
8-8-48
? si 8 - 8 -48
1 31 8 - 8 -48
1
8-8-48
7 li
9
8-8-48
8-8-48
1
8-8-48
1
9 6 - 6 -36
1
8-8-48
38 1
8-8-48
1
1

6 7 _ 7 -42
4
&7i-10 -40

1
1
1

31 8 - 8 -48

C ents.

D o lls .

7 58.0
0
7 17.0
2
68.
68.0
65.2

* 7 i- 7J-45
6 —6 —
36
27.50 6 8 - 8 -40
32.64 8 - 8 - 4 8
31.30 8 - 8 - 1 8

62.5
50.0
68.8
66.7

7 30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
20.00 5 8 - 8 -40
33.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
32.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

59.2
28. 40 8 - 8 - 4 8
58.3 76 28.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
66.0
31.68 « 8 - 8 -48
3 28.0
0
3 8 - 8 -48
i
56.3
27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
60.4
29.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
62.5
30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
62.5 7 30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
io 11.0
9 6 - 6 -36
59.4
28.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
54.6
26.20 8 - 8 - 4 8
io 13.5
72.0

6 7 - 7 -42
4
5 7i-10 -40

io 11.0
55.2

33.48 ' 1 8 - 8 -48
3i 8 - 8 -48
26.50
8 -48

3 8 - 8 -48
1
8-8-48

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

6 Work 5 days per week.
7 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
8 Minimum; maximum, 8 hours per day.
1 Per 1,000 ems nonpareil.
0
1 Rate in cents per hour.
6
23 Double time after 3 hours.
28 Double time after 1 hour.
3 Per 100 lines nonpareil.
0
3 Maximum; minimum, 7 hours per day.
1
3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
6
38 For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 6 hours7 work.
68 Actual hours worked; minimum, 6 hours per day; maximum, 8 hours per day.
6 Minimum; maximum, 1\ hours per day.
4
6 Per 3.500 ems agate or nonpareil; 76 cents for 4,500 ems, and 1 cent for each 100 ems over 4,500 per hour.
8
»9 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers double time.
70 Per 3,500 ems, agate or nonpareil; 60 cents for 4,500 ems, and 1 cent for each 100 ems over 4,500 per hour.
7 Per 1,000 ems 8-point or under; over 8-point, 23 cents.
1
7 Per 1,000 ems 8 point or under, over 8-point, 20 cents, and a bonus of $2.50 per week.
2
7* Scale became 78.1 cents on June 15,1919.
74 Scale became 86.3 cents on June 11,1919.
75 For Sundays; for July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas, full day’s pay for 6 hours work; other holidays
regular rate.
7 50 per cent received $1 per week more than the scale.
6
7 Scale became 66.7 cents on July 12,1919.
7
78 Scale became 75 cents on July 21,1919.
79 On 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers, regular rate.
80 Per 1,000 ems agate or nonpareil. Scale became 15 cents on June 1,1919.
si 15.5 cents per 1,000 ems until 5 a .m .; $1.08 per hour thereafter.
82 86 cents per hour until 5 a. m .; $1.08 per hour thereafter.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b l e A .—

241

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.

P R IN T IN G A N D P U B L I S H I N G : N E W S P A P E R — Continued.

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Night work—Concluded.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C ents.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

D o lls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u t a r ra te
m ultt Iplied

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala..................
D o......................................
Dallas, Tex..............................
Houston, T ex.........................
Little Rock, A rk...................
Do......................................
Louisville, K y.:
English.................................
German...............................
Memphis, Tenn......................
Nashville, Tenn.....................

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

72.5
30.45
i° 11.0
io 13.0
i on. 5
83.3 8 35.00
5
io 11 .0

C ents.

1
1
li
li

« 1
4<1
1
1
1
1

0 7 —7 —
42
9 7 _ 7 _42
8 6J- 6J-39
8
7-7-42
7-7-42
7-7-42

9 7£_ 7£_45

?!
h

68.8
50.0
8 10.5
4
8 68.8
5

33.00
24.00

2 li
3
li
li
li

1
1
1
1

90.0
79.3
82.2
110.0
io 12.0

40.50 » l i
35.70
li
37.00
li
49.50 i«165c
li

1
1
4 1
4
4 1
4

s« 82.2
8 82.2
6
107.1
56 73.3

37.00
li
37.00
li
45.00 w ii
7 33.00 i«110 c

33.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48

D o lls .

62.5
i° 10.0
io 13.0
1 11.5
0
70.0
io 10 .5

26.25 9 7 - 7 -42
9 7 - 7 _42
8 6£- 6i-39
8
o 6 - 6 -36
29.40 7 - 7 - 4 2
7-7_42

60.0
50.0
io 10 .5
62.5

28.80 8 - 8 - 4 8
20.00 6 8 - 8 -40
9 7J- 7J-45
30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

"WESTERN.

Butte, Mont............................
Denver, Colo..........................
Los Angeles, Calif.................
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City, Utah...........
San Francisco, Calif.:
English......... .......
French and Italian............
Seattle, Wash.........................
Spokane, Wash......................

76.7
79.3
73.3
79.3

1

7i- 7i-45
7 i- 7|-45
7K7J-45
7 j- 7i-45
& 8 - 8 -48
2

io 11.0

1
1
66 1
1

7V- 7J-45
7J- 7J-45
7-7-42
7J- 7i-45

75.6
76.2
87.4
56 73.3

34.50
35.70
33.00
35.70
34.00
32.00
36.72
7 33.00

7J7J747f62 8 -

7|-45
7i-45
74-45
7|-45
8 -48

7J- 7J-45
7 - 7 -42
7 - 7 -42
7J- 7J-45

MACHINE TENDERS: Daywork.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass....................
Bridgeport, Conn.............
Buffalo, N . Y ....................
Fall River, Mass..............
Manchester, N . H ............
Newark, N . J....................
New Haven, Conn...........
New York, N. Y .:
1 to 4 machines.............
6 to 8 machines.............
\ 9 to 12 machines...........
13 or more machines..........

83.0
34.86 87 100c
60.4
29.00
li
74.0
35.50
li
50.0
24.00 w l i
5
52.1 8 25.00
li
35.00
2
76.1
25.50
53.1
li
85.6
87.8
94.4
98.9

38.50
39.50
42.50
44.50

li
li
li
li

881

4 li
2
2
2

4 li
2
1
2
91 1
91 1
91 1
91 1

89 7

- 7 -42
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7§- 7|-46
8-8-48

50.0
67.7
46.9
52.1
69.6
53.1

28.56 89 7 - 7 -42
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
32.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
22.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
32.00 78- 73-46
25.50 8 - 8 - 4 8

717*7 i7J-

60.0
62.2
68.9
73.3

27.00
28.00
31.00
33.00

7M 5
7i-45
7£-45
7i-45

68.0

&Work 5 days per week.
* More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
®Minimum; maximum, 8 hours per day.
io Per 1,000 ems nonpareil.
m Rate in cents per hour.
» Double time after 3 hours.
» Nominal rate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
** For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
** For Sundays on 6-day newspapers time and one-half.
« Double time after 2 hours.
« Maximum; minimum, 6£ hours per day.
*< Double time after 4 hours.
>
m For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 5 hours’ work.
M And 1 cent per 100 ems over 41,250 per day.
* Maximum; minimum, 5J hours per day.
m Per 1,000 ems, and a bonus of 45 cents per night.
•» Scale became 75 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
8« Scale became $1 on Oct. 21,1919*
Rate in cents per hour for 3 hours; time and one-half thereafter.
*» For holidays; for Sundays, 7 hours’ pay for 6 hours’ work.
8 Actual hours worked; minimum, 6 hours per day.
9
• Double time after 6 hours.
•
91 For Sundays on
newspapers doable time.
1 7 2 2 3 9 ° — 2 0 — B u ll. 2 7 4 -------- 1 6




7*7*7£7 i-

7*-45
7^-45
7£-45
7J-45

242

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OP LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WA<JES AND HOURS, E T C .— Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
M ACH INE T E N D E R S : D ajrw ori—Continued.
May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.
Bate of wages—
Geographical division And
city.
Per

hour.

NORTH ATLANTIC— o o n c l d .

Philadelphia, Pa.......... ........
Pittsburgh, P a,....................
Assistants...........................
Providence, R . I........... .........
Rochester, N.. Y .....................
Scranton, Pa.....................
Springfield, Mass----------Worcester, Mass...............

Per
week,
lull
time.

For
Sun­
For
over­ days
ami
time.. M i days.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
week,
urday Per
Full week. Tialf j hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays
Full week.

R e g u i a r n tie
m u ltip lie d
C ents.
7 2 .9

Cents.

D o lls .

9 82.7
2
9 59.3
4
66.7
58.3
9 60.4
5
9 57.3
7
65.^6

35.00
37.20
26.70
32.00
28.00
29.00
27.50
31.50

65.8
05.5
71.4
58.3
76.0
66.7
92.9

31.60
27.50
30.00
28.00
^36.50
* 32.00
39.00

1
1

a
l
2
1
982

D oU s.

8-8-48
93 74- 7$-45
»3 7£- 7^-45
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
70.7
31.
17*- 7£-45
47.3
21.30 j 71 - 74-45
52.1
48
25.00 8 —8 —
27.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
57.3
52.1 9625.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
26.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
55.2
49.0 8*23.50 8 - 8 - 4 8

8-8-48
7-7-42
9 7 - 7 -42
3
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7-7-42

52.1
25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
26.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
61.9
65.5
3
27.50 9 7 - 7 -42
55.2
26.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
46.9 35 22.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
56.3
27.06 8 - 8 - 4 8
69.
96 29.33 7 - 7 - 4 2

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga........ .
Baltimore, Md.......
Charleston, S. C . . .
Jacksonville, F la ..
Norfolk, V a.............
Richmond, V a.......
Washington, D . C.

1
1
1

911

42
2
1
1

JSTOETH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
EnglMi..........................
Bohemian.....................
German.........................

77.5
37.20
36.00
100.0
87.5
35.00
77.9
37.40
87.5
42.00
79.2
38.00
68.8
33.00
7 68.8
33.00
61.5
29.50
15.00
31.3
62:5
30.00
74.5 85 35.76
1 56.3 *5 27.00
1
12 60.4
29.00
71.9
34.50
56. as 27.00
62.5
30.00
33.00

31

64.6
31.00 n - 7i-45
V r 7|-45
6-6-36
27.70 6 - 6 -36
76.9
6 8 - 8 -40
2
2
62.5
25.00 6 8 - 8 -40
8-8-48
2
S w e d ish ...........................
60.2
28.90
8 -48
8-8-48
Cincinnati, Ohio.............
5
31
'?
56.3 3 27.00
8 -48
8-8-48
Assistants.....................
1
*1
47.9 35 23.00
8 -48
31
8 - 8 -48
Helpers..........................
1
37.5 3 18.00
5
8 -48
8-8-48
Cleveland, Ohio..............
11
62.5
30.00
8 -48
Columbus, Ohio.............
8-8-48
92
60.4
29.00
8 -48
*11
Assistants.....................
8-8-48
92
15.00
31.3
8 -48
8H
Des Moines, Iowa...........
8-8-48
8 -48
54.2
26.00
1i
H
Detroit, Mich— ..............
60.5
29.04 108 ■ 8 -48
l i 10 8 - 8 -48
li
Grand Rapids^ Mich----2
8-8-48
52.1 35 25.00 8 • 8 -48
13 1
Indianapolis, Xnd---------8-8-48
27.00 8 ■ 8 -48
56.3
31
Kansas Oity. Mo............
8-8-48
62.5
30.00 8 * 8 -48
Milwaukee, W is-----------2 15 8 - 8 -48
5
56.3 98 27.00 1 8 - 8 -48
1 1
6
Minneapolis, Minn.........
8-8-48
54.0
8 -48
25.92
98 1
O m a ha, N e b r ..^ ...............
8-8-48
53.1 35 25.50
8 -48
150 per cent received $3.50 per week more than the scale.
8 50 per cent received $6 per week more than the scale.
* For Sundays on 6-day newspapers time and one-half.
1 * Double time after 3 hours,
s Work 5 days per week.
®Double time after 8 p. m. and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
7 Scale became 79.4 cents on June 11, 1919.
8 Double time after 1 hour.
9 For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work.
10 Maximum; minimum, 7 hours per day.
n Scale became 66.7 cents on July 12,1919.
12 Scale became 68.8 cents on July 21, 1919.
13 For holidays; for Sundays, night rate plus SI.
14 Double time after midnight.
15 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
is Except for Sundays from 7 a. m. to 6 p. m ., double time, and for July 4, Labor Day, and Christ­
mas, full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work.
3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
5
42 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
9 For Sundays, on 6-day newspapers, double time.
1
92 Scale became 88 cents on Sept. 1, 1919.
93 Minimum; maximum, 8 hours per day.
94 Scale became 63.1 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
95 Scale became 70.8 cents on July 1,1919.
9 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
6
9 Scale became 62.5 cents on Aug. 29,1919.
7
9 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
8
99 Rate in cents per hour.




I
j

2

,
!
!
I
j

!
|

U N IO N " SCALE OF W A G E S A N D HOTJES OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1919.

23
4

T a b l e A . — U N IO N S C A L E O F W A G E S A N D H O U R S , E T C .— Continued.

P R IN T IN G A N D P U B L I S H I N G : N E W S P A P E R — Continued.
M ACH IN E T E N D E R S : Daywork— Concluded.
May 15,1919.
Bate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
weekfull
time.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL—concldPeoria, TU..............................
St. Louis, Mo........................
St. Paul, Minn.:
English........... ...................
German..............................
'Wichita, Kans......................
Youngstown, Ohio..............

54.1
1 €3.4
7

For
Sun­
For
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1918.

Bate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
week,
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u t ar ra te
m ulti iplied
by

25.41
li
29.16 i8 76c

30.24
63.0
21.00
43.8
51.6
24.75
4
64.6 8 31.00

li
li
li
li

67.5
84.4
71.0
75.0

28.35
40.50
34.08
36.00

li
li
li
li

75.0
36.00
38.00
79.2
4
73.3 2 33.00

C ents.

8-7-47
7§- 7|-46

1

2 2 10 8 - 8 -48
2
8-8-48
2
8-8-48
31
8-8-48
li

49.6
63.4

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

23.33
29.16

8-7-47
7§- 7f-46

63.0
30.24 i« 8 - 8 -48
21.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
43.8
49.0 2 23.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
4
62.5i 30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Birmingham, Ala................
Dallas, Tex...........................
Houston, T ex.......................
Little Bock, Ark.................
Louisville, K y .:
14 to 18 machines.............
19 to 25 machines.............
Memphis, Tenn...................

23

31
1
li

2i 7 - 7 -42
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48 ;

* li
li

1
1
1

2i

37.50
li
32.70
li
34.00
li
45.00 25 150c
20 34.50
14
37.00
l|
31.00
l|
42.00 1 if
9

1
1
31
31
1
1
1
281

23 2

57.5 8 24.15
0
34.00
70.8
28.50
59.4
54.2
26.00

7-7-42
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

32.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
34.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.00 2! 7J- 7|-45

8 - 8 -48 !
8 - 8 -48
7i - 7i-45

66.7
70.8
66.7

7 i- 7i-45
7J- 7i-45
74- 7i-45
7|- 71-45
8-8-48
7|_ 7|-45
7J- 7J-45
7-7-42

31.50
70.0
32.70
72.7
30.00
66.7
32.70
72.7
62.5 »30.00
34.00
75.6
62.2
28.00
33.64
80.1

7|- 7i-45
7J- 7i-45
74- 7|-45
7|_ 7|_45.
8-8-48
7|- 7|-45
7§- 7|-45
7-7-42

72.0
30.24
67.7
32.-50
71.7 44 33.00
62.5
30.00

7-7-42
8-8-48
7§- 7|-46
8-8-48

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont........................ .
Denver, Colo........................
Los Angeles, Calif...............
Portland, Oreg................... .
Salt Lake City, Utah.........
San Franciseo, Calif.......... .
Assistants..........................
Seattle, Wash.......................

83.3
72.7
75.6
100.0
71.9
26 82.2
2 68.9
7
100.0

M ACHINE T EN D ER S; Night work.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass....................
Buffalo, N . Y ....................
Newark, N. J....................
New Haven, Conn...........

87.0
74.0
82.6
62.5

36.54 29 100c
35.50
li
38.00
2
30.00
li

1
1
1
1

30 7

_ 7 -42
8-8-48
7§- 7f-46
8-8-48

3 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers time and one-half.
4 Double time after 3 hours.
» For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work,
w Maximum; minimum, 7 horns per day.
17 Scale became 75.3 cents on June 1,1919.
18 Bate in cents per hour until 6 p. m.; 97 cents per hour thereafter,
is Double time after 4 hours.
20 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
2 Minimum; maximum, 8 hours per day.
1
22 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
2 Scale became 75 cents on June 7,1919.
3
24 Nominal rate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
25 Bate in cents per hour.
2 Scale became $1 on Oct. 21,1919.
6
8 Scale became 86.7 cents on Oct. 21,1919.
7
28 For Sundays; for holidays, work 5 hours, paid for full day.
29 Bate in cents for first 3 hours; time and one-half thereafter.
Actual hours worked; minimum., 6 hours per day; m axim um , 8 hours per day.




244

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
MACHINE T E N D E R S: Night work—Continued.
May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
with
For Hours:
Full days; Sat­
Per
Sun­
Per
For
week, over­ days Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
full
and
half hour.
full
time. time. holiholi­
time.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH ATLANTIC— c o n c l d .

New York, N. Y .:
1 to 4 machines..........
5 to 8 machines..........
9 to 12 machines........
13 or more machines.
Philadelphia, P a..........
Pittsburgh, P a . . . . . . . .
Assistants...................
Providence, R . I...........
Rochester, N . Y ............
Springfield, Mass..........
Worcester, Mass............

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l a r ra te
m u ltip lie d
Cents.

D o lls .

96.7
43.50
98.9
44.50
105.6
47.50
110.0
49.50
76.1
35.00
3 82.7
1
37.20
3 59.3
2
26.70
34.00
75.6
64.6
31.00
3 65.
3
29.50
71. 20 34.50

by—

C ents.

D o lls .

7fr- 7\
7i- 7\
74- 7\
74- 71
7 f- 7\
2i 7J- 7\
2i 7J- 7{
7J- 7J-45
8-8-48
7 i - 7^-45
8-8-48

71.1
32.00
73.3
33.00
80.0
36.00
84.4
38.00
56.5 24 26.00
70.7
31.80
47.3
21.30
60.0
27.00
4
62.5 2 30.00
63.3
28.50
55.2 20 26.50

8-8-48
7-7-42
3 8 - 8 -48
«
8-8-48
8-8-48

57.3
64.3
62.5
62.5
64.6
^3.2

s4 2 7 . 5 0
2 7 .0 0
3 0 .0 0
3 0 .0 0

73.3
81.9
75.0
62.5
54.2
43.8
68.8
66.7
31.3
60.4
66.0
56.3
60.4
62.5

33.00 »i 7£- 7i-45
29.50 6 - 6 - 3 6
30.00 5 8 - 8 - 4 0
20 30.00
8-8-48
24 26.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
2 21.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
4
20 33.00
8-8-48
32.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
15.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
24 29.00
8-8-48
31.68 w 8 - 8 -48
27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
29.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.............
Baltimore, Md........
Charleston, S. C . . .
Norfolk, Va.............
Richmond, Va.......
Washington, D. C.

74.2
67.9
72.9
72.9
64.6
100.0

3 5 .6 0
2 8 .5 0
3 5 .0 0
37 3 5 . 0 0
38 3 1 . 0 0
4 2 .0 0

li
35 8 0C

1
35 9 0C

li
®113§c

7-7-42

39 3 1 . 0 0
20 3 0 . 7 6

8-8-48
7-7-42
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7- 7 - 4 2

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
English............................
82.5
39.60
Bohemian.......................
110.0
39.60
German...........................
93.8
37.50
Cincinnati, Ohio...............
93.8
45.00
Assistants.......................
85.4
41.00
Helpers............................
75.0
36.00
36.00
Cleveland, O hio.. J..........
4 75.0
0
67.7
32.50
Columbus, Ohio............... . _.
31.3
15.00
Assistant..............................
68.8
33.00
Des Moines, Iowa.............
80.3 20 38.52
Detroit, Mich....................
30.00
« 62.5
Grand Kapids, Mich........
42 64.6
31.00
Indianapolis, Ind.............
71.9
34.50
Kansas City, Mo...............

f

f

12
2
li
li

if

«li
8 li
li
li
li
li
li

2 7 i- 7J-45
1
6-6-36
6 8 - 8 -40
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
io 8 - 8 -48
1
8-8-48
« li
8-8-48
8-8-48
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
92
92

1
*

1 4 Double time after 3 hours.
1 ®Work 5 days per week.
, * Double time after 1 hour.
! • For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 6 hour’s work.
I 10 Maximum: minimum, 7 hours per day.
20 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
i 21 Minimum; maximum, 8 hours per day.
*4 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
/ 3i Scale became 88.6 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
«2 Scale became 63.6 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
33 Scale became 71.1 cents on Aug. 29,1919.
3 Nominal rate. All received more, $30 to $35.
4
8 Rate in cents per hour.
*
8 Minimum, 7 hours per day; maximum, 8 hours per day.
8
37 33 per cent received $1.50 per week and 33 per cent received $11 per week more than the scale*
Nominal rate. All received more, $36 to $38.
j 3» 50 per cent received $1 per week more than the scale.
4 Scale became 86.3 cents on June 11,1919.
0
i 4i Scale became 66.7 cents on July 12,1919.
4 Scale became 75 cents on July 21,1919.
2
43 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers, regular rate; for holidays, full day’s pay for
6 hours’ work.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

245

T a b le A ,— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
P R IN T IN G A N D P U B L IS H IN G : N E W S P A P E R — Continued.
M ACH INE T E N D E R S : Night work— Concluded.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

C ents.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL— c o n c l d .

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days;
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
half
full
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u a r ra te
m ulti iplied
by

14
62.5 2 30.00
4
Milwaukee. Wis*......................
14
Minneapolis, Minn.................
33.00
68.8
36.00
75.0
Omaha, Nebr..........................
li
59.0
28.30
Peoria, 111.................................
14
4
32.40 «86c
St. Louis. Mo.......................... 4 72.0
St. Paul, Minn.......................
69.8
33.48
li
Wichita, TCana........................
56.3
27.00

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

1
1
1
»1
1
1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7$~ 7i-45
io 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

62.5 2 30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
0
60.0
28.80 8 - 8 - 4 8
59.4 2 28.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
4
54.6
26.20 8 - 8 - 4 8
72.0
32.40 74- 7i-45
69.8
33.48 io 8 - 8 -48
54.7
26.50 8 - 8 - 4 8

li
li
li
li
li

81
1
1
1
1

217 - 7 -42
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5 2 26.25 217 - 7 -4 2
4
68.8 4 33.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
7
72.9
35.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
59.4
28.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
62.5
30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

4li
* li
li

1
1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
2 74- 7i-45
1

66.7
70.8
77.8

90.0 2 40.50
4
Butte, Mont............................
li
79.3
35.70
Denver, Colo...........................
li
82.2
37.00
Los Angeles, Calif..................
li
5
110.0
49.50 3 165c
Portland, Oreg.......................
0
78.1 2 37.50
Salt Lake City, Utah...........
li
9
40.00
San Franpisco, Calif.............. 4 88.9
li
31.00
Assistants........................ . “ 68.9
li
107.1
45.00 1 li
Seattle, Wash.........................
9

1
1
31
»1
1
1
1

7 i- 7i-45
7i- 7i-45
7 i- 7i-45
7 i- 7i-45
8-8-48
7*- 7i-45
7 i- 7i-45
7-7-42

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala..................
4
72.5 2 30.45
Dallas, Tex..............................
85.4
41.00
Houston, Tex......................... « 73.5 2 35.28
4
35.28
Assistants............................ « 73.5
79.2
Little Rock, Ark...................
38.00
Louisville, K y.:
14 to 18 machines...............
75.0
36.00
19 to 25 machines...............
79.2
38.00
Memphis, Tenn......................
87.8 2 39.50
4

32.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
34.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
35.00 si 7j _ 7^-45

WESTERN.

28

1

76.7 2 34.50
4
79.3
35.70
73.3
33.00
79.3
35.70
68.8 2 33.00
0
82.2
37.00
62.2
28.00
92.9
39.00

a For Sundays on 6-day newspapers time and one-half.
4 Double time after 3 hours.
• For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 6 hours work.
10 Maximum; minimum, 7 hours per day.
1 Double time after 4 hours.
9
80 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
Minimum; maximum, 8 hours per day.
8 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
4
For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 5 hours’ work.
3 Rate in cents per hour.
6
4 Scale became 85.5 cents on June 1,1919.
4
4 Rate in cents per hour until 5 a. m .; $1.08 per hour thereafter.
6
4 33 per cent received $12 per week more than the scale.
7
4 Scale became 75 cents on June 7,1919.
8
4 Scale became $1,067 on July 8,1919.
9
Scale became 86.7 cents on July 8,1919.




7 i- 7i-45
74- 74-45
7 i- 7i-45
7 i- 74-45
8-8-48
7J- 74-45
74- 74-45
7-7-42

246

BULLETIN O r THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES, ETC.—Continued.

P R IN T IN G A N D P U B L I S H I N G : N E W S P A P E R — Continued.

MACHINIST OPERATORS: Daywork.
May 15, 1918.

May 15,1919.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
with
For Hours:
Full days;
Per
Sun­ Saturdays; Sat­
For days
week,
urday Per
Full week;. half hour.
over­ and
full
time. holi-!
time.
holi­
day.
days.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week,
full
hour.
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
C ents.

Buffalo, N. Y .................... .
Worcester,

............... .

D o lls .

69.8
33.50
20-00
41.7
65.6 ** 3L5Q

B e g u ia r ra te
m u l t ip lied
by

if

2
2
51 2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

*911

2

8-8-48
8-8-48

l£

li

C ents.
6 3 .5

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

30.50
39.6
19.00
44.8 2« 21.5tf

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

58.3
62.5

28.00
30.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

7 - 7 -42

NORTH CENTRAL.

Toledo, Ohio........ ............
Youngstown, Ohio................

58.3: 84 28.00
64. 6s 24 31.00

U

11

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Tattle P ock. Ark . . . . . . . . . . .
Memphis, Tenn........... ..

85.7
84.4

36.00
3 8 .0 0

li

7-7-42

if

21

72.1

30.30

7 |-45

7 7 .8

3 5 .0 0 2 1 7 1 - 7 1 -4 5

7b

W ESTERN.

San Francisco, CaHf. . . . . . . .
Seattle, Wash__ . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spokane, W ash.. . . . . . . . . . . .

26 8 2 .2
1 07 .1

76.7

3 7 .0 0
4 5 .0 0

1 li
9

34.50 * 100c

1
28 J

1

7b 7|-45
7 -7 -4 2
7b 71-45

7 5 .6
3 4 .0 0
8 7 .4 20 3 6 .7 2

7b

7 1 -4 5
7 -7 -4 2

4
73.3 2 33.00

71- 71-45

M ACH IN IST OPER ATORS: Night work.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Buffalo, N. Y ..........................
Manchester, N . H ....... ..........
Portland, Me........ .............

74.0
35.50
54.2 **26.00
50.0
24.00

1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

67.7
52.1
47.9

32.50
25.00
23.00

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

2

8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
6 4 .6

24.00
31.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

li 221 |
H

NORTH CENTRAL.

St. Paul, Mirm.......................
Toledo, Ohio..........................

50.0
24.00
64.6 24 31.00

11
* l|

2

WESTERN.

San Francisco, Calif.:
English................................. 52 88.9
Italian................................... 52 88.9
Seattle, Wash.........................
114.3
83.3
Spokane, Wash......................

40.00
li
40- 00
14
48.00 1 li
9
37.50 35 110C

1
1

2 1
8
1

71- 71-45
71- 71-45
7-7-42
71- 71-45

82.2
81.0

37.00
34.00
so so. nn
3fi.no
80.0
1
9 2 .9

1 Double time after 4 hours.
9
a More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
o
al Minimum; maximum, 8 hours per day.
22 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
24 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
*6 Scale became $1 on Oct. 21,1919.
28 For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 5 hours’ work.
8 Rate in cents per hour.
6
Double time after 5 a. m.
For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
“ Scale became $1,067 on Oct. 21,1919.




71- 71-45
7-7-42
7 - 7 -49.
71— 71-45
'
'

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

247

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PH OTO-EN GRAVERS: D ayw ork.
May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

Per
h o u r.

Per

week,
full
time.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
F or
with
$tm- Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
dtiys
Fun week. half hour.
full
and 5
time.
holi­
h o li­
day.
d ays.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass........
Buffalo, N. Y .......
New York, N. Y ..
Philadelphia, P a.
Pittsburgh, P a . ..
Providence. R . I ..
Scranton, Pa........

C ents. D o lls .
■ 81.2
35.30

53 62.5
86.7
5 64.6
4
62.5
72.9
62.5

30.00
39.00
31.00
30.00
35.00
30.00

75.0
56.8
71.3
72.9
56.3
57.3
w 62.5
62.5
«164.2
63 64.2
50.0

36.00
27.25
*3 4 .2 0
35.06
8 27.00
4
27.50
30.00
8 30.00
4
30.80
30.80
24 24.00

C ents.

D o lls .

7$- 7|r43i
8 - 8 -48
71- 7|-45
8-8-48
8-8-48
is 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

66.7
29.00 7J- 7|-43|
62.5
30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
73.3
33.00 7|- 74-45
64.6
31.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
58.3 20 28.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
62.5
30.00 is 8 - 8 -48
56.3
- 8 -48
27.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
is 8 —8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
Sf- 4$-48
8|- 4J-48
84- 51-48

54.2 20 26.00
27.25
56.8
31.20
65.0
62.5
30.00
56.3
27,00
52.1 «25.00
56.3
27.00
60.4
29.00
56.3
27.00
56.3
27.00
24.00
50.0

8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 f8 f84-

58.3 2 28.00
4

8 - 8 -48

57.8
26.00
0
56.3 2 27.00
62.5 24 30.00
0
50.0 2 24.00
€2.2 24 28.00
71.4 34 30.00

74- 74-45
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
74- 74-45
7-7-42

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111....................
Cincinnati, Ohio.........
Cleveland, Ohio..........
Columbus. Ohio_____
Dayton, Ohio..... ........
Grand Rapids, Mich..
Indianapolis, In d .___
Kansas City, Mo.........
Minneapolis, Minn....
St. Paul, Minn.......... .
Youngstown, O hio...

12
12

8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
4J-48
4J-48
54-48

SOUTH CENTRA!..

Dallas, Tex......................

72.9 2 35.00
4

8-8-4J

WESTERN.

Denver, Colo...............
Los Angeles, Calif----Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Calif..
Seattle, Wash..............

33.12
73.6
33.00
68.8
90.9
40.00
34.00
70.
62.2 24 28.00
4
64 100.0 2 42.00

74- 74-45
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48
7J- 7|-45
7-7-42

12

15 Hours vary, but total 48 per week,

i® Double time after 4 hours.
20 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
22 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.

2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
4
6 Scale became 72.9 cents on July 1,1919.
3
Scale became 81.3 cents on June 1,1919.
6 For less than 4 hours, time and one-half plus a bonus of $1; for 4 hours, a full day’s pay; for more than
5
4 and less than 8 hours, one and one-half day’s pay.
6« Full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work.
6 For holidays; no rate for Sundays.
7
6 Double time after 4 hours, triple time after 8 hours.
8
6 Triple time after 8 hours.
9
6 Scale became 68.8 cents oij July 13,1919.
0
6 Scale became 67.4 cents on July 1, 1919.
1
6 Double time after 9 p. m.
2
6 Scale became 67.2 on July 1,1919.
3
6 Scale became SI.07 on July 1,1919.
4
m




248

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.

T a b le A .—

P R IN T IN G A N D

P U B L IS H IN G : N E W S P A P E R —

Continued.

P H O T O -E N G R A V E R S: Night work.
May 1 5 ,1 9 1 9 .

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages— •
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

Regu\ a r ra te
m ulti ip lied
by
1
n
2
n
1
if
1
ll
1*
19l i
li
li

71- 7 i-4 3 i
7 -7 -4 2
7 -7 -4 2
8 -8 -4 8
7 - 7 - 42
is 8 - 8 -4 8

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass..........................
Buffalo, N. Y ..........................
New York, N. Y ...................
Philadelphia, Pa...................
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
Providence, R. I ....................

C ents. D o lls .
8 8 .0
3 8 .3 0
65 7 1 .2 24 30. 00
1 0 0 .0
4 2 .0 0
66 6 8 .8
33. 00
78. 6
3 3 .0 0
7 9 .2
3 8 .0 0

May 1 5 ,1 9 1 8 .

C ents.
6 6 .7
7 1 .2
8 5 .7
6 8 .8
7 3 .8
6 2 .5

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .
2 9 .0 0
71- 7 H 3 1
24 3 0 .0 0
7 - 7 - 4 2
7 - 7 - 4 2
3 6 .0 0
3 3 .0 0
8 - 8 - 4 8
20 3 1 .0 0
7 - 7 -4 2
3 0 .0 0 158 - 8 -4 8

NORTH CENTRAL.
8 5 .4
4 1 .0 0
Chicago, Til..............................
5 9 .9
28. 75
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
7 7 .5 24 37. 20
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
8 6 .4
3 8 .0 0
Columbus, Ohio.....................
6 0 .4 24 29. 00
Davton, Ohio
.................
7 3 .3
3 3 .0 0
Detroit, Mich.........................
6 7 .7
3 2 .5 0
Grand Rapids, Mich.............
3 2 .0 0
Indianapolis, Ind................... 7i 66. 7
6 6 .7
3 2 .0 0
Kansas City, Mo....................
3 5 .8 0
St. Paul, Mjrm....................... 72 8 5 .2

11
67 1
li

if
li
11
91

68 n

li
li
li

1
1
56 1
22 2
69 1
2
69 2
1
1
2

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
68 7 - 8 -4 4
15 8 - 8 -4 8
7 i - 7 i-4 5
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
7 -7 -4 2

6 0 .4
5 9 .9
7 1 .3
7 5 .0
5 6 .3
6 3 .8
(70)
6 0 .4
6 2 .5
7 6 .2

8 -8 -4 8
20 2 9 .0 0
2 8.7 5
8 - 8 -4 8
3 4 .2 0
8 -8 -4 8
3 3 .0 0 687 - 8 -4 4
2 7 .0 0 158 - 8 -4 8
7 i - 7 i-4 5
3 0 .0 0
(70)
(70)
8 -8 -4 8
2 9.0 0
3 0 .0 0
8 -8 -4 8
7 -7 -4 2
3 2 .0 0

1

8 -8 -4 8

6 8 .8

2 3 3 .0 0 73 8 - 8 -4 8
0

1
li
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
7 J - 7i~4i>
7 - 7 -4 2

5 6 .3
5 0 .0
6 8 .9
7 1.4

20 2 4 .0 0
20 3 1 .0 0

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex..............................

7 2 .9

3 5 .0 0

1

WESTERN.
7 2 .9
3 5 .0 0
Los Angeles, Calif.................
3 6 .0 0
Salt Lake City, Utah...........
7 5 .0
6 8 .9 24 3 1 .0 0
San Francisco, Calif..............
Seattle, Wash......................... 74 1 00 .0 24 4 2.0 0

1
li
li
io i i

2

*

24 2 7 .0 0

24 3 0 .0 0

16 Hours vary, but total 48 per week,
w Double time after 4 hours.
2®More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported

a For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
*
2 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
4
*• Full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work.
m Double time after 4 hours; triple time after 8 hours.
*• Triple time after 8 hours.
® Scale became 83.3 cents on July 1,1919.
« Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1,1919.
6 Time and one-half after 2 hours, or after 48-hour week
7
w Fridays, 8 hours.
8 For holidays; do not work on Sundays,
®
w No scale in effect on May 15.1918.
h Scale became 72.9 cents on July 13,1919.
» Scale became 88.7 cents on July 1? 1919.
'3 One week's vacation each year with pay.
7 Scale became $1,071 on July 1,1919.
4




8
8
7
7

- 8 -4 8
- 8 -4 8
i - 7 i-4 5
- 7 - 4 2

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

249

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WEB PRESSES: Daywork.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
For Sun­
days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

C ents.

D o lls .

R e g u l a r rate
m ulti iplied
by
7 120c
«
2
7 100c
8
2

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Head pressmen................. .
Journeymen........................
Brakemen............................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Head pressmen...................
Assistants............................
Buffalo, N . Y .:
Head pressmen..................
Tension men......................
Oilers, brakemen, and
platers.................. .
Fall River, Mass.:
Head pressmen..................
Journeymen........................
Newark, N . J.:
Head pressmen..................
Journeymen........................
New Haven, Conn.:
Head pressmen..................
Journeymen........................
New York, N. Y .:
Head pressmen................. .
Journeymen........................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Head pressmen................. .
Journeymen........................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Head pressmen................. .
Assistants, octtfple press..
Front tension men........... .
Oilers and rear tension
men................................. .
Portland, Me........................ .
rovidence, R . I.:
Head pressmen................. .
Journeymen........................
Rochester, N. Y .:
Assistant foremen............ .
Floormen.............................
Tension men..................... .

™ 66.6
7 55.6
7
7 55.6
7

31.98
26.64
26.64 7 100c
«

62.5
41.7

30.00
20.00

™ 65. 6
si 53.1

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour. week,
full
holi­
time.
day.

C ents.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

63.4
52.7
59.6

26.64
22.14
25.02

7-7-42
7-7-42
7-7-42

1
1

1
1

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

52.1
31.3

25.00
15.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

36.75
29.75

li
li

2
2

so 8
80 s -

14 -54
14 -54

65.6
53.1

36.75 so 8 -14 -54
29.75 so 8 -14 -54

83 50.0

28.00

li

2

so g

14 -54

50.0

28.00 so 8 -14 -54

62.5
52.1

30.00
25.00

l
l

1
1

83 s -

8 -48
8 8 - 8 -48
3

52.1
46.9

25.00 8 8 - 8 -48
3
22.50 8 8 - 8 -48
3

• 77.1
64.6

37.00
31.00

li
li

52.1
43.8

25.00
21.00

li
li

100.0
86.7

45.00
39.00

8 62.5
6
50.0

30.00
24.00

li.

62.5
62.5
59.4

30.00
30.00
28.50

li
li
li

2
2
2

57.3
52.1

27.50
25.00

li
li

62.5
56.3

30.00
27.00

65.6
53.1
61.5

31.50
25.50
29.50

87

84 1£
84 i f

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

66.7 20 32.00
54.2 2 26.00
0

8-8-48
8-8-48

1
1

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

52.1
43.8

25.00
21.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

li
li

2
2

71- 7^-45
71- 71-45

73.3
60.0

33.00
27.00

71- 71-45
71- 71-45

li

8 1
6

8 -48
8 -48

62.5
50.0

30.00
24.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

54.2 2 26.00
4
54.2
26.00
24.50
51.0

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

2
2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

49.0
50.0

23.50
24.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

li
li

M2
2 2
2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

0
50.0 2 24.00
21.60
45.0

8-8-48
8-8-48

li
li

6 2
1
6 2
1
612

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

54.2
41.7
45.8

26.00
20.00
22.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

86 1

85 8 87 g -

li
2 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
0
** For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
84 Nominal rate. A ll received more; amount not reported.
, « For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
7» Scale became 81.3 cents on June 2,1919.
7« Rate in cents per hour, Monday to Friday; on Saturday from 5 p. m. to 11.30 p. m., 90 cents per hour.
7 Scale became 68.8 cents on June 2,1919.
7
78 Rate in cents per hour; on Saturday from 5 p. m. to 11.30 p. m., 75 cents per hour.
7» Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
«» Work 54 hours, paid for 56.
Scale became 62.5 cents on July 1,1919.
» Scale became 59.4 cents on July 1.1919.
w 2 weeks’ vacation, each year, with pay.
m For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
» Scale became 81.8 cents per hour and 44 hours per week on Sept. 1,1919.
,
,
,
8« For Sundays; for Christmas, July Fourth, Labor Day, and Memorial Day,double time; other holidays
time and one-half.
.
,
_ A
8 Scale became 68.2 cents per hour and 44 hours per week on Sept. 1,1919.
7




250
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.
A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PRESSMEN, W EB P R ESSE S: Daywork—Continued.
May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
For Hours:
Full days; with
Sun­
Sat­
Per
Per
For days Saturdays; urday Per
’week,
week,
Full week.
over­ and
full
full
half hour.
time. holi­
time.
time.
holi­
days.
day.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

Per
hour.

NORTH ATLANTIC—COndd.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R eg u i car ra te
m uU i Iplied

C en ts. D o lls .
Scranton, Pa.:
Second pressmen..........
8 56.3
8
27.00
Third pressmen.................. 9 50.0
0
24.00
22.00
Fourth pressmen.............. 91 45.8
Assistants on sextuple
2
presses................................. . 9 43.8
21.00
Springfield, Mass.:
Head pressmen..................
33.00
68.8
Journeymen..................... .
56.3
27.00
Worcester, Mass.:
Head pressmen..................
4
66.7 2 32.00
Journeymen..,.........
25.00
52.1

C en ts.

4
80 l|
89 1J

2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

89 1J

2

8-8-48

n

li

2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48

ii
i*

8 1J
4
8 1£
4

30.00
25.50

li
ii

1
1

30.00
24.00
24.00

i i C6
9)
i| (95)
l i (96)

36.00
30 00

ll

D o U s.

50.0
43.8
39.6

2

24:00
21.00
19.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

37.5

18.00;

8-8-48

55.3
43.8

26.52
21.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5 *4 30.00
47.9
23.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

53.1
43.8

25.50
21.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

8 - 8 -48 :
8-8-48
8-8-48

58.1
45.6
42.5

27.90
21.90
20.40

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0 24 24.00
50.0 2 24.00
4

8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
46.9

8-8-48
8-8-48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Head pressmen................. . 93 62.5
Journeymen............... .
94 53.1
Baltimore, Md.:
Head pressmen....... ...........
62.5
First assistants...................
50.0
Second assistants............. .
50.0
Charleston, S. C.:
Head pressmen,.................
75.0
Assistants.......................... .
62.5
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Head pressmen................... 9«62.5
First assistants.................. 9 50.0
8
Oilers, platers, and floormen................................... "4 1 .7
Richmond, Va.:
Head pressmen..................
62.5
Assistants............................
35.4
Washington, D. C.:
Head pressmen..................
87.5
Journeymen................. .
75.0

1
1

30.00
24.00

89

8 li
9

97 J
97 1

8-8-48
8 —8 —
48

30.00
22.50

20.00

8 1*
9

97 1

8 - 8 -48

37.5

.18.00

8-8-48

130.00
4 17.00

li
ii

21
21

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

62.5
35.4

3 30.00
6 17.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

42.00
36.00

6li
•1*

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

75.0 24 36.00
4
62.5 2 30.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

7 62.5 *4 30.00
8 50.0 9 24.00

li

li

li

li

8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
50.0

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Head pressmen.
Journeymen____

1 30 per cent received $5 per week more than the scale.
8 For Sunday on 6-day newspapers, time and one-half.
3 50 per cent received $5 per week more than the scale.
4 Nominal rate All received more; $22 to $26.
* 50 per cent received $3 per week more than the scale,
c Double time after 4 hours.
1 Scale became 72.9 cents on May 26,1919.
8 Scale became 60.4 cents on May 26,1919.
8 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported*
2 Nomina 1rate. All received more; amount not reported.
4
84 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
8 Scale became 66.7 cents on July 1,1919.
8
8 Double time after midnight.
9
80 Scale became 60.4 cents on July 1,1919,
91 Scale became 56.3 cents on July 1,1919.
9 Scale became 54.2 cents on July 1,1919.
8
93 Scale became 75 cents on July 3,1919.
9 Scale became 65.6 cents on July 3,1919.
4
9 Work 5 hours, paid for full day.
«
96 Scale became 75 cents on July 15,1919.
9 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers double time.
7
9 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 15,1919.
8
99 Scale became 50 cents on July 15,1919.




30.00
24.00

U N IO N S CALE m WAjOES AJSTD H O U E S 01’ LA B 0B , M A Y 15, 1919. 2 51
T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
EB1BTTIWG ASTD PU m O SH m G : HEW SPiPEB— Gcim.tixme(L
PRESSMEN, W EB PRESSES: © aywork— Cantinaed.
M aylS, 1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
i with
For Hours:
Full days; Sat­
P er ; F o r .
Per
■Saturdays;1
week, nver-' dayss Full week. urday Per
week,
fralf hour.
full
and
full
time. Oanliholi­
time.
time.
days.
day.

Hate of wages—
Geogc^phieaa division and
.-city.
Per
h©«r.

1

NORTH CENTRAL— c o n t d .

Cincinnati, Ohio;

C en ts.

D o lls .

65.0
56.3
56.3|

31.50
-27.06
27.00

68.-8
59.4,
63. 5
54.2

Regu\ o r ra te
mvBti p lied by

1'
1

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

62. i
53.1

1^
li

1
1t

8-8-48
8-8-48

-59.4
46.9

9 28.50
22.50

8 - .8 -48
8 - -8 -48

14
l«j

2
2:

8 - 8 -48 ;
8—8—
48

64.2
45.8

30.80
22.00

8 - 8 -4 8
8 — :8 -48

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
46.4
45.8
(n)
46.9

-28.00
26.00
22.00
(ib)
22.50

8 - 8 -*56
£ - 8 -56
8 - -8 -48
(01)
.8 - « -48
8-8-48

83.00
28.50

14

30.50
26.00

72.9* 1 35.00
7
7
Journeymen,............... ......
52.1 1 25.00
Dayton, Ohio:
34.00
70.8
Head pressmen__________
62.5
30.00
Tension m en. - ............... ...
-62.5
30.00
Brafcemen........................ .
-62.5
30.00
Oilers..................................
27.00
Des Moines, Iowa................ . 12 56.3
Detroit, Mich.:
33.00
68.8
Head pressmen..................
Brakemen and offside
33.00
68.8
men...................... ...........
Oilers, platers, and iloor33.00
men..................................
-68.-8
Indianapolis, Ind.:
29.50
13*61.5
Tension mteii and brake­
26.50
u 55.2
men................................. .
■26.00
6
filers and [platers.............. 1 54.2
6
23.00
Riggers................................. 1 47.9
Kansas City, Mg :
l
30.00
*62.5
Head pressmen................. .
59.4
‘28.50
Journeymen...................... .
Milwaukee, Wis.:
29.00
60.4
Headjpressmen................ .
26.00
54.2
Journeymen.................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
30.00
Head pressmen................. . is 62.5
27.00
Journeymen............. ......... i®56.3
Head pressmen, 32-page
Journeymen........
Omaha, Nebr..:
Head pressmen..
Journeymen........

67.7 17 32.50
52.1 17 25.00

D o lls .

,53.1 1 25.50
7
46.3 1 22.20
7
43.1 9 20.70

i° 1.
10 I ;
1 1
0

Journeymen.
Davenport, Iowa:
Head pressmen, 48-page

C en ts.

8 - 8 -48 >
8 — 8 -48 :
8 - 8 -48;

14
14

tension men...........
Oilers and platers..
Cleveland, Ohioi
Heaft pressmen___
Journeymen______
CdtamJjust, OMo:

8914
8
9
89 1^
8
9
l3i
li

2

2 i
2 !
2 »

m




27.00
22.50

8 - .8 -4 8
8-8-48
S - :8 -48

30.00 8 - 8 -48
25.50 • —.8 —
8
48.

14

8-8-48

57.3

27.50

li

14

8-8-48

50.0

24.00

8-8-48

li

8 - 8 -48

46.9

22.50

8 - -8 -4 8

14

1|
4
21:

8-8-48

-55.2

36.50

■ - « -48
8

14
14
14

21
21
21

8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - -8 -48

49.0
47.9
41.7

23.50
23.-00
20.00

-8-8-48
• - 8 -48
8
8 - ,8 -4*8

ii
14

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

53.1
46.9

25.50
22.50

8-8-48
8 - :8 -4-8

li
ii

2
2 ■

8 - 8 -48 ■
8-8-48

7
50.6 1 24.30
21.30
44.4

• - 8 -48
8
8 -8 —
48

i

8 - 8 -48
S - 8 -48

H

1 •

8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
43.8

ii
li

2
2

8 - 8 -4 8 :
8-8-48

56.1 17 26.95
43.5 17 20.90

ii

24.00
21.fi©

1
50.0 17 24.00
8 - 8 -48 •
40.6 1719. ,50
8 ~ 8 -48
14 201
2 For Sundays on'6-day newspapers time andtme-haif.
9 More than half received more than the scale; -amount not reported.
1 F or Sundays; J o t holidays, full day’s pay for 5 hours’ work.
0
1 No scale in effecftion May 15,1918.
1
12 Scale became 62.5 cents on June 1,1919.
1 Scale became 71-9 cents on July 1,1919.
3
« Scale became 65.6 cents on July 1,1919.
!5 Scale became 64.6 cents on July 1,1919.
Scale became 58.3 cents t)n July 1,1919.
17 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not repaired,
is Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1919.
19 Scale became 6.8.8 cents on June 1,1919.
2° For Sundays;for holidays, time and one-half,
as Double time .alter midnight.

56.3
46.9

Hours:
Tull days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

- -8 -4-8
S - 8 -48

'S

8 - S -48
8 - M -48

252
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER— Continued.
PRESSM EN, W EB P R E S S E S : Daywork—Continued.
May 15,1919.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

C en ts.

Journeymen.
St. Louis, Mo.:
Head pressmen___
Journeymen...........
St. Paul, Minn.:
Head pressmen___
Journeymen...........
Toledo, Ohio:
Heaa pressmen___
Journeymen...........
Wichita, Kans.:
Head pressmen___
Journeymen...........
Youngstown, Ohio.:
First assistants___
Second assistants..
Third assistants...
Fourth assistants - .
Fifth assistants___

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour. week,
full
holi­
time.
day.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL—COnCld.

Peoria, 111.:

May 15,1918.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l d r ra te
muU\iplied

53.6
37.5

30.00
21.00

ll
H

1

1

8 - 8 -56
8-8-56

67.5
58.0

32.40
27.84

li
li

2 2
1
2 2
1

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

64.1
53.6

30.75
25.75

22 1 J

2 1£
2

1
1

7
62.0 1 29.75
51.6
24.75

li
li

2
2

62.5
47.9

30.00
23.00

li
li

7
68.8 1 33.00
56.3 1 27.00
7
50.0 1 24.00
7
46.9
22.50
31.3
15.00

li
if
li
li
li

72.9 i? 35l00
62.5
30.00
54.2
26.00
50.0
24.00

li
li
li
li

23 1 J

2 li.
3
24 1

2 1
4
24 1
24 1
24 1

C en ts.

D o lls .

30.00
21.00

8-8-56
8-8-56

62.5
53.8

30.00
25.80

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

57.3
46.9

27.50
22.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

62.0
51.6

29.75
24.75

8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

56.3
37.5

27.00
18.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

22.50

8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

53.6
37.5

46.9
(u)
<“ )
(“ )
(“ )

(u)
(u)
(u)
(“ )

(u)
(ll)

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.:
Foremen................
First pressmen. . .
Second pressmen.
Third pressmen...
Dallas, Tex.:
Journeymen.
Houston, Tex.:
Head pressmen___
Journeymen.........
Little Rock, Ark.:
Head pressmen___
First assistants___
Second assistants.
Louisville, K y . :
Head pressmen.. .
Journeymen..........
Memphis, Tenn.:
Head pressmen___
Journeymen.........
Nashville, Tenn.:
Head pressmen.. .
Journeymen..........
New Orleans, L a.:
Head pressmen.. .
First assistants...
Second assistants.
- Third assistants..

60.4
55.2

30.00
27.00

li
li

73.3
66.7

33.00
30.00

li
li

68.8
56.3

33.00

li
li

27.00

7
72.9 1 35.00
43.8 1 21.00
7
7
40.6 1 19.50
7
37.5 1 18.00

ll
li
ll

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48

57.3
52.1

27.50
25.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

68.8 9 33.00
46.9 1 22.50
7

8-8-48
8-8-48

1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5 1 30.00
7
7
37.5 1 18.00
28.1 1 13.50
7

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48

46.9
46.9

22.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
22.50 • 8 - 8 - 4 8

1
1

7i- 7i-45
7 i- 7i-45

60.0
53.4

27.00
24.00

1

8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5

30.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

1

1
li
li

62.5
56.3

1 35.00
7
1 24.00
7
1 18.00
7
1 14.00
7

1

li

62.5 1 30.00
7
37.5 1 18.00
7
7
28.1 1 13.50

72.9
50.0
37.5
29.2

1
1

6
29.00 8 50C
6
26.50 2 50c

68.8 2« 33.00
56.3
27.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

1
1

1
1
37
37

1
1
1
1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 ' -48
8 - 8 - 4 8 ..........

50.0
72.9
43.8
40.6
37.5

7i- 7i-45
7i- 7i-45

24.00

8-8-48

35.00

8-8-48

21.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
19.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
18.00 8-8-48

9 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
u No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
1 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
7
■si For Sundays; Labor Day and Christmas, time and one-half; other holidays, regular rate.
» Double time after midnight.
« For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
*4 For work on extra editions, time and one-naif.
s« Rate in cents per hour. Scale became time and one-half on Sept. 1,1919.
Nominal rate. All received more, $40 to $42.50.
8 For Sundays, July 4, and Christmas; other holidays, regular rate.
7




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

253

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PRESSMEN, W EB PRESSES: Daywork—Concluded.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C en ts.

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
week,
Per
Full week. urday hour.
full
half
holi­
time.
day.

D o lls .

For
over­
time.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l a r ra te
m uUiIplied

Butte, Mont.:
Head pressmen___
Journeymen...........
Denver, Colo.:
Head pressmen—
Shops A and B ..
Shop C ................
Shop D ...............
Journeymen—
Rate A ...............
Rate B ...............
Los Angeles, Calif.:
Head pressmen.. . .
Journeymen..........
Tension m en.........
Portland, Oreg.:
Head pressmen___
Journeymen..........
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Head pressmen___
Journeymen..........
San Francisco, Calif.:
Head pressmen___
Tension m en.........
Oilers and platers..
Floormen...............
Seattle, Wash.:
Head pressmen___
Journeymen...........
Spokane, Wash.:
Head pressmen___
Journeymen...........

C en ts.

D o lls .

39.00
• if
33.00 • *14

1
1

74- 7i-45
7 i- 7i-45

66.7
60.0

30.00
27.00

74- 74-45
7 i- 74-45

« 67.7
69.8
71.9

32.50
33.50
34.50

li
li
li

1
1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

65.6
65.6
65.6

31.50
31.50
31.50

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

J 55.2
*
a 59.4
s

26.50
28.50

li
li

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

53.1
53.1

25.50
25.50

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

W63.5
57.3
3 60.4
2

30.50
27.50
29.00

li
li
li

1
1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

63.5
57.3
60.4

30.50
27.50
29.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

3 75.0
3
3 65.6
<

36.00
31.50

li
li

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

68.8
56.3

33.00
27.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

3 75.0
5
3 62.5
8

36.00
30.00

li
li

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

68.8
56.3

33.00
27.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

75.6
68.9
68.9
68.9

34.00
31.00
31.00
31.00

li
li
li
li

1
1
1
1

7£7J7 i74-

7i-45
7i-45
74-45
7i-45

73.3
65.3
61.3
57.3

33.00
29. 40
27.60
25.80

74- 74-45
7J- 74-45
74- 74-45
74- 74-45

93.8
87.5

45.00
42.00

li
li

101
1 i
0

8-8-48
8-8-48

70.1
62.5

33.66
30.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

75.0
62.5

36.00
30.00

li
li

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

68.8
56.0

33.00
27.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

86.7
73.3

PRESSMEN, W E B PRESSES: Night work.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Head pressmen..........
Journeymen...............
Brakemen...................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Head pressmen..........
Assistants...................

3 88.9
8
4 74.0
0
74.0
66.7
41.7

31.98 3» 120c
26.64 100c
®
26.64 3 100c
32.00
20.00

1
1

1
1
1

6-6-36
6-6-36
6-6-36

74.0
61.5
69.5

26.64
22.14
25.02

6-6-36
6-6-36
6-6-36

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
37.5

30.00
18.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

• Double time after 4 hours.
w For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 5 hours’ work.
» Scale became 71.9 cents on June 1,1919.
w Scale became 59.4 cents on June 1,1919.
J Scale became 65.6 cents on June 1,1919.
*
*o Scale became 72jcents on May 26.1919.
« Scale became 7uf8 cents on May 26,1919.
» Scale became 74 cents on May 26,1919.
» Scale became 87.5 cents on May 20,1919.
m Scale became 78.1 cents on May 20,1919.
# Scale became 93.8 cents on July 1,1919.
*• Scale became 71.9 cents on July 1,1919.
** Scale became $1,083 on June 2,1919.
» Rate in cents per hour.
* Scale became 91.7 cents on June 2,1919




254
T a b le

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PB.ESSMEN, W EB PE ESSE S: B ight work—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week, over­ days
lull
and
time. time. holi­
days.

C en ts.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC—COndd.
Buffalo, N . Y .:
Head pressmen...................
Tension men.......................
Oilers, platers, and brakemen...................................
Newark, N . J.:
Head pressmen............
Journeymen.............
New Haven, Conn.:
Head pressmen...................
Journeymen........................
New York, N . Y .:
Head pressmen...................
Journeymen........................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Head pressmen..................
Journeymen........................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Head pressmen...... ...........
Assistants,octuple press..
Front tension men and
first assistants.................
Oilers and rear tension
men...................................
Portland, M e..........................
Providence, R. I.:
Head pressmen...................
Journeymen........................
Rochester, N. Y .:
Assistant foremen..............
Tension men.......................
Floormen............................
Scranton, Pa.:
Second pressmen...............
Third pressmen..................
Fourth pressmen...............
Assistants on sextuple

4 75,0
1
4 60.7
3
« 57.1

24.00

H

97.4
81.6

37.00
31.00

H
H

59.5
42.9

25.00
18.00

li
H

122.7 « 46.00
106.7 4 40.00
6

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

C en ts.

7-7-42
7-7-42

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

75.0
60.7

31.50
25.50

7-7-42
7-7-42

1

7-7-42

57.1

24.00

7-7-42

4414

6-8-38
6-8-38

89.5
73.6

34.00
28.00

6-8-38
6-8-38

2
2

7-7-42
7-7-42

59.5
42.9

25.00
18.00

7-7-42
7-7-42

li
H

1
1

6 - 74-374
6 - 74-374

90.7 « 34.00
74.7 4 28.00
5

6 - 74-374
6 - 74-374

4414

4 94.7
«
4 63.2
8

36.00
24.00

. 14
li

471
471

6-8-38
6-8-38

78.9
63.2

30.00
24.00

6-8-38
6-8-38

62.5
62.5

30.00
30.00

ii
n

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

54.2 1 26.00
7
54.2
26.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

59.4

28.50

ii

1

8-8-48

51.0

24.50

8-8-48

57.3
27.50
52.1 1 25.00
7

li
li

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

49.0
23.50
50.0 1 24.00
7

8-8-48
8-8-48

71.4 17 30.00
64.3
27.00

li
H

7-7-42
7-7-42

57.1 17 24.00
51.4
21.60

7-7-42
7-7-42

84.5
72.6
65.5

35.50
30.50
27.50

14

1
1
1

7-7-42
7-7-42
7-7-42

71.4
61.9
52.4

30.00
26.00
22.00

7-7-42
7-7-42
7-7-42

« 65.5
W58.3
5 53.6
2

27.50
24.50
22.50

*> 14

1
1
1

7-7-42
7-7-42
7-7-42

59.5
52.4
47.6,

25.00
22.00
20.Q0i

7-7-427-7-42
7-7-42

51.2

21.50

5 14
0

68.8
56.3

38.50
31.50

H

76.2 1 32.00
7
59.5
25.00

63

Springfield, Mass.:
Head pressmen..,
Journeymen.........
Worcester, Mass.:
Head pressmen..,
Journeymen.........

31.50
25.50

R e g u Iz r ra te
m u lti p lie d
by
1
Hi
1
H

May 15,1918.

n
n
60 1 4
60 1 4

23 2
23 2

1

7-7-42

45.2

19.00

7-7-42

14

1
1

8-8-56
8-8-56

55.3
43.8

30.94
24.50

8-8-56
8-8-56

li
li

1
1

7-7-42
7-7-42

71.4 w 30.00
54.8
23.00

7-7-42
7-7-42

1 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
7
13 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
4 Scale became 89.3 cents on July 1,1919.
1
4 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
8
4 Scale became 71.4 cents on July 1,1919.
3
4 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
4
« And $1 additional for Saturday night.
4 Scale became $1,053 on Sept. 6, 1919.
6
4 For Sundays; for Christmas, July 4, Labor Pay, and Memorial Pay, double time; other holidays,
7
time and one-half.
4 Scale became 78.9 cents on Sept. 1, 1919.
s
4 Scale became 77.4 cents on July 1, 1919.
9
6 Double time after noon.
0
5 Scale became 70.2 cents on July 1,1919.
1
5 Scale became 65.5 cents on July 1,1919.
2
5 Scale became 63.1 cents on July 1,1919.
3




UNION- SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AX 15, 1919.

255

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PTJBUSHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WEB PRESSES: Bight work—Continued.
May
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

May

1 5 ,1 9 1 9 .

For
Per 1 For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

1 5 ,1 9 1 8 .

Rate of
Num^
wages—
[ber oi
mos. j
Hours:
Fulldays; with
Sat-i
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. halfi hour. full
time.
holi-i
day.

Hours:
Fulldays;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Regul wrrate

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Cents. Dolls.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Head pressmen................. 5 * 6 2 .5
30. m
Journeymen...................... M 5 3 .1
2 5 .5 0
Baltimore, Md.:
Head pressmen.................
7 1 .4
30. m
Tension men.....................
5 7 .1
2 4 .0 0
5 7 .1
2 4 .0 0
Oilers andjplaters........
Charleston, S. C.:
3 6 .0 0
Head pressmen.................
7 5 .0
First assistants.................
5 8 .3
2 8 .0 0
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Head pressmen................. 56 7 1 .4
3 0 .0 0
First assistants................. 68 5 7 .1
2 4 .0 0
Oilers, platers, and floorm en................................ 59 4 7.6
20.00
Richmond, Va.:
Head pressmen.................
4 3 .8 * 21.00
Assistants.........................
2 9 .2 * 1 4 .0 0
Washington, D. C.:
Head pressmen.................
8 7 .5
4 2 .0 0
Journeymen......................
7 5 .0
3 6 .0 0

muM\rplied

Cents. Dolls.

1
1

8 - 8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

5 3.1
4 3 .8

2 5 .5 0

21.00

8 - 8 -4 8
8 - 8 -4 8

li

1
1
1

7 - 7 - 4 2
7 -7 -4 2
7 _ 7 _42

6 0 .7
4 6 .4
4 2 .9

2 5 .5 0
1 9 .5 0
1 8.0 0

7 - 7 - 4 2
7 - 7 -4 2
7 - 7 -4 2

1*

1
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

5 0 .0
4 3 .8

17 2 4 .0 0
” 21.00

8 - 8 -4 8
8 - 8 -4 8

57 1
57 1

7 -7 -4 2
7 -7 -4 2

7 1 .4
5 3 .6

3 0 .0 0
2 2 .5 0

7 - 7 -4 2
7 - 7 - 4 2

57 1

7 -7 -4 2

4 2 .9

1 8 .0 0

7 - 7 - 4 2

» 1

4 3 .8 6 21.00
!
2 9 .2 63 14.0 0

8 - 8 - 4 8
8 - 8 -4 8

7 5 .0 17 3 6 .0 0
6 2 .5 17 3 0 .0 0

8 - 8 -4 8
8 - 8 - 4 8

if
1|

l|
li

li

ii
ii
ii

*1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

8 1!

1
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

li
ii
li
ii
li
li
li
li
li
li

1
1

*4 8 - 8 -4 8
85 8 - 8 -4 8

68.8
5 5 .0

3 3 .0 0
2 6 .4 0

8 - 8 -4 8
8 - 8 -4 8

1
1
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

5 3 .1
4 6 .3

» 2 5.5 0
» 22.20

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

8-8-48

43.1

e 20.70

8-8-48

2
2
1

7-7-42
7-7-42
7-7-42

71.4
60.7
55.7

30.00
25.50

7-7-42

6 li

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Head pressmen.................
Journeyman......................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Head pressmen.................
Tension men.....................
Oilers and platers....... ........
Cleveland, Ohio:
Head pressmen..________
Journeymen......................
Columbus, O hio:.................
Dayton, Ohio:
Head pressmen.................
Tension men, brakemen,
and oilers........................
Des Monies, Iowa:
Head pressmen......... ......
Journeymen......................

« 68.8
< »5 5 .0

9 2 6 .4 0

6 5 .6
5 6 .3

66 3 1 .5 0
«6 2 7.0 0

3 3 .0 0

56.3 66 27.00
67.9
64.0

33.00
28.50
26.90

7 8 .8

7 0 .8

3 4 .0 0

6 2.5

3 0.0 0

7 2 .9
5 6 .3

17 3 5 .0 0
2 7 .0 0

2 3 .4 0

2

8 -8 -4 8

(u)

<u)

2

8 -8 -4 8

(u)

(11)

1

1

li

li

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

6 2 .5 17 3 0 .0 0
5 0 .0
2 4.0 0

8 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers time and one-half,
e Double time after 4 hours.
• More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
1 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
1
w Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
** Scale became 75 cents on July 3,1919.
6 Scale became 65.6 cents on July 3,1919.
5
86 Scale became 85.7 cents on July 15,1919.
6 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers double time.
7
5 Scale became 71.4 cents on July 15,1919.
8
ss Scale became 57.1 cents on July 15,1919.
e Nomina 1rate. All received more, $30 to $45.
o
6i Nomina Irate. A ll received more; $25 to $45.
® Nominalrate. All received more, $25 to $35.
6 Nominal rate. All received more, $17 to $23.
3
« Scale became 83.3 cents per hour and 42 hours per week on May 26,1919.
6s Scale became 69 cents per hour and 42 hours per week on May 26,1919.
6 And $1 additional for Saturday night.
6




7 - 7 - 4 2
7 - 7 - 4 2

(ll)
(u)
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

256
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER —Continued.
PRESSMEN, W EB PR ESSE S: Night work—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week,
over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

C en t§.

D o lls .

NORTH CENTRAL— c o n c ld .

Detroit, Mich.:
Head pressman.................
Journeymen......................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Head pressmen.................
Tension men and brake­
men..................................
Oilers and platers.............
Kansas City, Mo.:
Head pressmen..
Journeymen........
Milwaukee, W is.:
Head pressmen..
Journeymen........
Omaha, Nebr.:
Head pressmen..
Journeymen........
Peoria, 111.:
Head pressmen..
Journeymen........
St. Louis, Mo.:
Head pressmen..
Journeymen........
St. Paul, Minn.:
Head pressmen..
Journeymen........

R egut( %r ra te
m u tti ip lied
by
1
li
1
li

81.8
75.0

36.00
33.00

6 64.6
8

31.00

69 1J

7
<>58.3
57.3
7 51.0
2

28.00
27.50
24.50

6 li
9
6 1J
9
6 1^
9

65.7
62.5

31.50
30.00

H

60.4
54.2

29.00
26.00

56.3
46.9

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

C e n ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

6 7 - 8 -44
7
6 7 - 8 -44
7

62.5
54.5

27.50 6 7 - 8 -44
7
24.00 6 7 - 8 -44
7

li

8-8-48

58.3

28.00

8-8-48

li
li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

52.1
51.0
44.8

25.00
24.50
21.50

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

53.1
46.9

25.50
22.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

li
li

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

50.6
44.4

9 24.30
21.30

8-8-48
• 8 - 8 -48

27.00
22.50

li
li

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

7
50.0 1 24.00
40.6
19.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

7
50.0 1 24.00
37.5
18.00

li
ii

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

7
50.0 1 24.00
37.5
18.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

71.2
61.2

32.40
27.84

li
li

73 1
73 1

74- 8 -45$
7§- 8 -45£

65.9
57.7

30.00
25.80

71- 8 -451
71- 8 -451

73.2
61.3

30.75
25.75

w ii
W ll

1
1

7-7-42
7-7-42

65.5
53.6

27.50
22.50

7-7-42
7-7-42

7
83.3 1 35.00
71.4
30.00
60.7
25.50

li
li
li

1
1
1

7-7-42
7-7-42
7-7-42

83.3 1 35.00
7
57.1 1 24.00
7
42.9 1 18.00
7

7-7-42
7-7-42
7-7-42

63.5
58.3
61.4

30.50
28.00
27.00

li
li
li

1
1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
6-9-44

60.4
55.2
51.1

29.00
26.50
22.50

8-8-48
8-8-48
6-9-44

62.5
42.5
33.1
28.1

1 30.00
7
1 20. 40
7
1 15.90
7
1713.50

1
li
li
li

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
41.3
31.3
25.6

1 30.00
7
1719.80
1 15.00
7
1 12.30
7

» - 8 -48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

69.8
62.8

30.00
27.00

li
li

7 1
4

7-8-43
7-8-43

52.3
52.3

22.50
22.50

7-8-43
7-8-43

73.3
66.7

33.00
30.00

li
li

1
1

7J- 71-45
71- 7J-45

60.0
53.3

27.00
24.00

71- 71-45
71- 71-45

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.:
Foremen.......................
First pressmen............
Second pressmen........
Dallas, Tex.:
Head pressmen...........
Journeymen............... .
Houston, T ex.................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Head pressmen...........
First assistants...........
Second assistants____
Third assistants.........
Louisville, K y.:
Head pressmen...........
Journeymen................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Head pressmen...........
Journeymen............... .
Nashville, Tenn.:
Head pressmen...........
Journeymen............... .

1

1
74 1

8-8-48
62.5
30.00
1
li
1
8-8-48
50.0
24.00
li
s More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
” Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
6° Double time after noon,
w Fridays and Saturdays, 8 hours,
w Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
For Sundays on 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers regular rate.
Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1,1919.
’ 1 Scale became 67.7 cents on July 1,1919.
Scale became 61 5 cents on July
1919.
w For overtime on Sundays, double time.
74 Double time on Sundays, July 4, and Christmas from 6 a. m. to 6 p. m .




68.8
56.3

33.00
27.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

257

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PRESSMEN, W EB PRESSES: Night work—Concluded.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For
Sun­
Per
For days
week,
over­
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Per
hour.

SOUTH CENTRAL—concld.
New Orleans, La.:
Head pressmen.................
First assistants.................
Second assistants.............

C e n ts.

D oU s.
17 35.00
17 21.00
17 18.00

72.9
43.8
37.5

May 15, 1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
' full
holi­
time.
day.

R eg u la r ra te
m u lti Iplied
by

C e n ts .

Hours: *
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

H
ll
li

1
1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

72.9
43.8
37.5

35.00
21.00
18 00

6li
6l i

1
1

74- 74-45
74- 74-45

8-8-48
8-8-48

7-4- 8 -454
74- 8 -454

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont.:
Head pressmen.................
Journeymen......................
Denver, Colo.:
Head pressmen.................
Journeymen......................
Los Angeles, Calif.:
Head pressmen.................
Journeymen......................
Tension m en.....................
Portland, Oreg.:
Head pressmen.................
Journeymen......................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Head pressmen.................
Journeymen......................
San Francisco, Calif.:
Head pressmen.................
Tension m en.....................
Oilers and platers.............
Floormen...........................
Seattle, Wash.:
Head pressmen.................
Journeymen......................

86.7 17 39.00
34.50
76.7
75 67.7
76 55.2

32.50
26.50

li
li

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

77 70.9
78 64.0
79 67.4

30.50
27.50
29.00

14
14
li

1
1
1

7-8-43
7-8-43
7-8-43

73.3 17 33.00
63.3j 28.50 !
1
65. 6
31.50
53.1 | 25.50
1
70.9| 30.50*
64.0; 27.50
67.4
29.00

79.1
si 72.5

36.00
33.00

li 1
li

1
1

74- 8 -454
74- 8 -454

79.1
62.6,

1
82 78.1 J
83 65.6j

37.50
31.50

14
14

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

68.8 1733.00
56.3
27.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

75.6!
68.9
68.9
68.9j

34.00
31.00
31.00
31.00

14
14
14
14

1
1
1
1

7474747J-

74-45
74-45
74-45
74-45

73.3
65.3
61.3
57. 3

33.00
29. 40
27.60
25.80

74747474-

110.7
100.0j

46.50
42.00

14
14

1 i
0
1 1
0

7-7-42
7-7-42

80.1
72.9

33.66
30.60

7-7-42
7-7-42

80

36.00
28.50

74- 74-45
74- 7J-45

7 - 8 -43
7-8-43
7-8-43

74-45
74-45
74-45
74-45

ST E R E O T Y P E R S: I>aywork.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass...........
Bridgeport, Conn...
Buffalo, N. Y ..........
Fall River, Mass___
Newark, N. J...........
New Haven, Conn..

85
87

75.0
50.0
59.4
55.2
73.9
50.0

9
31.50 3 100C
24.00
14
28.50
li
26.50
li
34.00
li
24.00)
li

84

2
14
1
2

88 1

2

7
8
8
8

-

7 -42
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
7§- 7§-46
8 - 8 -48

64.3
27.00
45.8
22.00
24.00
50.0
6
43.8 8 21. 00
9
63.0 8 29..00
41.7
20.00

7-7-42
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7§- 7§-46
8-8-48

6 Double time after 4 hours.
10 For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 5 hours’ work.
1 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
7
39 Rate in cents per hour.
75 Scale became 71.9 cents on June 1,1919.
76 Scale became 59.4 cents on June 1,1919.
7 Scale became 85.9 cents on May 26,1919.
7
78 Scale became 79.1 cents on May 26,1919.
79 Scale became 82.6 cents on May 26,1919.
80 Scale became 92.3 cents on May 20,1919.
8 Scale became 85.7 cents on May 20,1919.
1
82 Scale became 87.5 cents on July 1,1919.
8 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1919.
3
/
8 For Sundays, July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving and Christmas; other holidays regular rate.
4
8 Scale became 62.5 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
5
83 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
8 Scale became 78.3 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
7
88 For holidays; for Sundays $6.66 per day.
89 50 per cent received $2 per week and 30 per cent 33 cents per day more than the scale.

172259°—2 0 --Bull. 274-




-17

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

258
T a b le

A.— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
ST E R E O T Y P E R S : Dayw ork—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
For
week,
over­
full
time. time.

C en ts.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

D o lls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u i ar ra te
t
muUi ip lied

NORTH ATLANTIC— c o n c ld .

New York, N . Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, P a .. .
Portland, M e........
Providence, R. I ..
Rochester, N , Y „ .
Scranton, Pa........
Springfield, Mass.
Worcester, Mass..

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

90 72.9

C en ts.

2
35.00 3 11 $? ~
9
27.00
9156.3
1
li
1 * 23 2
92 54.2
26.00
9 41.7 86 20.00
3
4
li 4 1
9
71.4
30.00 3 75c
1
58.3
28.00
l i 23 2
1
94 54.2
26.00
li
44.7
21.45
li
li
2
50.0
24.00
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7-7-42
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

D o lls .

32.00
66.7
25.00
52.1
24.00
50.0
41.7 86 20.00
24.00
57.1
46.9
22.50
47.9
23.00
19.50
40.6
24.00
50.0

-

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-42
-48
-48
-48
-48

21.00
27.60 18 -

8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-47*

8
8
8
8

7
8
8
8
8

7

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, Md.......
Jacksonville *F la ..
Richmond, va.......
Washington, D. C.

95 51.0
96 56.3

24.50
27.00
56.3
27.00
60.4 *29.00
75-0
36.00

li
li
li
li
li

1
1

97 1
99 1

1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
!8 - 8 -47|

51.0
52.1
50.0
43.8
57.5

24.50
25.00
24.00

8
8
8
8

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.............................
60.4
8-8-48
29.00 8 65c (2)
9
56.3
27.00 8 - 8 -48
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
64.6
8-8-48
31.00
52.1
25.00 8 - 8 -48
3 li
li
Cleveland, Ohio..................... 4 64.4
8-8-48
58.1
27.90 8 - 8 -48
30.90
li
li
Columbus. Ohio.................... 5 55.2
62
8-8-48
25.50 8 - 8 -48
26.50
53.1
li
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111..
41.7 7 20.00
8-8-48
41.7 7 20.60 8 - 8 -48
l i (8)
Dayton, Ohio.........................
68.8
*8-8-48
22.50 8 - 8 -48
33.00
1
46.9
if
Des Moines, Iowa..................
56.3
27.00
8-8-48
1
47.4 7 22.75 8 - 8 -48
li
Detroit, Mich......................... io 57.8
27.75
8-8-48
27.75 8 - 8 -48
57.8
li
li
2
Grand Rapids, Mich............. ii 50.7
24.35
8-8-48
48.1
23.10 8 - 8 -48
li 1 1
3
Indianapolis, Ind.................. 1 54.2
26.00
l l 14 1
8-8-48
50.0
24.00 8 - 8 -48
Kansas City, Mo....................
68.8
8-8-48
33.00
1
59.4
28.50 8 - 8 -48
li
Milwaukee, W is....................
54.2
26.00
2
8-8-48
47.9
23.00 8 - 8 -48
li
Minneapolis, Minn................
45.3 7 21.75
8-8-48
21.75 8 - 8 -48
1
45.3
li
68.8
33.00
8-8-48
Omaha, Nebr.........................
1
50.0
24.00 8 - 8 -48
li
1 7 hours on Sundays, one day off each week, average 47f hours per week, paid for 48.
2 For 1 hour or less $1 and overtime for each hour up to 4 hours. For 4 hours 1 day’s pay; from 4 to 8
hours one and one-half day’s pay.
3 For Sundays; for holidays full days’ pay for 5 hours’ work.
* Scale became 67.5 cents on June 9,1919.
« Scale became 56.3 cents on Dec. 7,1919.
« For Sundays; for July 4, Labor Day and Christmas, full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work.
* Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
« Full day’s pay for 6 hours’ work or less; over 6 hours, double time; for Sunday on 7-day newspapers
regular rate.
» Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
1 Scale became 75 cents on July 14,1919.
0
11 Scale became 56.3 cents on June 25,1919.
12 For Sundays; for holidays full day’s pay for one-half day’s work.
13 Scale became 64.6 cents on June 28, and 66.7 cents on July 8, 1919.
i* For Sundays on 6-dav newspapers, SI and time and one-half; for July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving and
Christmas, 8 hours’ pay for 6 hours’ work.
2 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
3
39 Rate in cents per hour.
44 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
8 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
6
Scale became 79.2 cents on June 1,1919.
9 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 1,1919.
1
9 Scale became 58.3 cents on July 1,1919.
2
9 Scale became 43.8 cents on June 1,1919.
3
9 Scale became 64.6 cents on July 1,1919.
4
9 Scale became 58.9 cents on May 26,1919.
5
9« Scale became 62.5 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
9 For Sundays; double time on 6-day newspapers.
7
9 30 per cent received $3 per week more than the scale.
8
9 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers time and one-half.
9




UNION' SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

259

A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.-Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER— Continued.
STEREO T Y P E R S : Dayw ork—Concluded.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
For
week, over­
full
time. time.

C e n ts .

D o lls .

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week.
full
half hour.
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u l a r ra te
m u lti Iplied

NORTH CENTRAL— concld.

Peoria, 111...............................
St. Louis, Mo........................
St. Paul, Minn......................
Toledo, Ohio.........................
Wichita, Kans......................
Youngstown, Ohio:
Plant A ..............................
Plant B ..............................

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

50.0
66.9
1 45.3
5
56.3
17 50.0

24.00
32.10
21.75
7 27.00
24.00

46.9
46.9

7 26.25

22.50

%

1§

li
li
li
li
li

19 1

1
1

16 2

2 li
8
19 1

2

C e n ts .

D o lls .

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

43.8
62.5
45.3
56.3
47.9

30.00
21.75
27.00
23.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

8-8-56
8-8-48

45.0
45.0

25.20
21.60

8-8-56
8-8-48

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48*

54.4
50.0
50.0
46.9
50.0
56.3
46.9
50.0

26.10
24.00
24.00
22.50
24.00
27.00
7 22.50

7J- 7|-45
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7|_ 7 ^ 4 5
7-7-42
8-8-48

66.7
58.9
59.4
62.5
62.5
66.7
78.0
56.3

30.00
28.25
28.50
30.00
30.00
30.00
32.76
27.00

21.00

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala................
Dallas, Tex............................
Houston, Tex.......................
Little Rock, A rk.................
Louisville, K y ......................
Memphis, Tenn....................
Nashville, Tenn...................
New Orleans, L a.................

54.4 is 26.10
li
65.6
31.50
li
28.80
li
48.1 7 23.10
li
59.4
28.50
li
65.6
31.50
li
56.3
27.00
li
52.5
25.20 21 75c

20 60.0

2 li
3
1
1

li

2
1
1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
2
21.00 2 7 - 7 -42

"WESTERN.

Butte, Mont..........................
Denver, Colo.........................
Los Angeles, CaHf................
Portland, Oreg.....................
Salt Lake City, Utah..........
San Francisco, Calif............
Seattle, W ash.......................
Spokane, Wash....................

80.0
66 .1

70.8
81.3
68.8

73.3
100.0

56.3

36.00
31.75
34.00
39.00
33.00
33.00
42.00
27.00

li
li
li
li
li
li
li
li

1
1

li
1
1
1

31
1

7 j- 7§-45
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7J- 7J-45
7-7-42
8-8-48

S T E R E O T Y P E R S : Night work.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass..........
Buffalo, N. Y ..........
Newark, N. J......... .
New Haven, Conn..
New York, N. Y . ..
Philadelphia, P a . ..

31.50 21 100c
6-6-36
75.0
1
28.50
57.1
1
7-7-42
li
34.00
6-6-36
80.6
l i 25 1
24.00
2
52.6
6-8-38
li
35.00 2 1110 c
84. 2
2
6-8-38
27.00
52.1 !
1
8-8-48
li
s For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 5 hours’ work.
7 N ominal rate. All received more; amount not reported,
is Scale became 63.6 cents on June 1,1919.
16 Time and one-half after 4 hours.
*7 Scale became 53.1 cents on July 1,1919.
18 35 per cent received | 1 per week more than the scale,
is For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
20 Scale became 68.8 cents on June 2,1919.
si Ratein cents per hour.
22 Minimum; maximum 8 hours per day.
2 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
3
24 Scale became 71.4 cents on Oct. 1,1919.
25 For holidays; for Sundays $€.66 per day.
26 Scale became $1 on June 1,1919.
27 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 1,1919.




87.5
2 67.9
4
94.4
63.1
26 92.1
2 56.3
7

27.00
24.00
29.00
20.00

32.00
25.00

6 - 6 -36

7-

6
6
6
8

7 -42
6 -36
8 -38
8 -38
8 -48

260

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
ST E R E O T Y PE R S : Night work—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
Sun­
week, For days
over­ and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

C en ts.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC— c o n c ld .

Pittsburgh, Pa . . .
Portland, Me........
Providence, R. I . .
Rochester, N. Y . .
Scranton, Pa........
Springfield, Mass.
Worcester, Mass..

2 54.2
8
2 41.7
9
71.4
64.6
so 61.9
57.6
57.1

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

R egu t a r ra te
m u lti Iplied
by

26.00
14
20.00
n
30.00 2i75c
31.00
n
26.00
ii
24.75
U
24.00
14

1
1
1
1
1
1
2

C en ts.

8-8-48
8-8-48
7-7-42
8-8-48
7-7-42
7-8-43
7-7-42

50.0
41.7
57.1
46i 9
54.8
52.3
57.1

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

.24.00
20.00
24.00
22.50
23.00
22.50
24.00

8-8-48
8-8-48
7-7-42
8-8-48
7-7-42
7-8-43
7-7-42

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, Md.......
Jacksonville, F la ..
Richmond, Va___
Washington, D. C.

3 54.2
1
26.00
3 62.8
2
27.00
64.3
27.00
4
62.5 3 30.00
80.8
36.00

n
n
n

li
1*

1
1
3 1
3
361
1

8-8-48
7-8-43
7-7-42
8-8-48
3 7 — 8 -44*
7

26.00 8 — 8 —
48
54.2
58.1
25.00 7 - 8 - 4 3
58.6
24.60 7 - 7 - 4 2
6
43.8 3 21.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
27.60 3864- 8 -42?
64.4

NORTH CENTRAL.

8-8-48
29.00 2i65c
1
27.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
56.3
9
3 1 8 7 _ 8^-454
32.00
53.8
25.00 3 7 - 9|-464
9
n
74- 74-45
32.40
1
29.40 74- 74-45
65.3
li
8-8-48
27.50
55.2
26.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
14 42 2
9 8 - 8 -48
33.00
22.50 9 8 - 8 -48
1
46.9
n
8-8-48
30.00
1
47.4 7 22. 75 8 - 8 - 4 8
14
7-8-43
28.40
1
66.0
28.40 7 - 8 - 4 3
14
7-7-42
24.35
1
55.0
23.10 7 - 7 - 4 2
14
8-8-48
27.00
1
51.0
24.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
14
8-8-48
33.00
1
59.4
23.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
14
8-8-48
26.00
1
23.01 8 - 8 - 4 8
47.9
14
8-8-48
36.00
1
53.1
25.50 8 - 8 - 4 8
14
8-8-48
24.00
43.8; 21.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
14 46 1
7-7-42
32.10
1
71.4
30.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
14
8-8-48
21.75
1
45.3j
21.75 8 - 8 - 4 8
n
8-8-48
24.00
1
.47.9,
23.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
14
3 For Sundays; for holidays full day's pay for 5 hours' work.
7 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
9 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
2i Rate in cents per hour.
2 Scale became 58.3 cents on July 1, 1919.
8
2 Scale became 43.8 cents on June 1,1919.
9
3 Scale became 73.8 cents on July 1,1919.
0
si Scale became 58.3 cents on May 26,1919.
3 Scale became 69.8 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
2
3 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers double time.
3
'
3 Thirty per cent received $3 per week more than the scale.
4
3 For Sundays on 6-day newspapers time and one-half.
5
se Thirty per cent received $5 and 30 per cent $6 per week more than the scale.
3 Seven hours, Monday to Thursday, inclusive; 8 hours, Friday to Sunday, inclusive; one day off each
7
week, average i i f hours.
3 Six and one-half hours, Monday to Thursday, inclusive; 8 hours, Friday to Sunday, inclusive; one day
8
off each week, average 42f hours.
3 Fridays, 9 hours.
9
4 Scale became 76 cents on June 9,1919.
0
4 Scale became 58.3 cents on Dec. 7,1919.
1
4 For Sundays; for holidays, full day’s pay for 6 hours' work.
2
' 3 Ubdlv became O * I UvlilO vU uUIJ 1“j k
Scale U v H lv 85.7 cents on July 14,1919.
v C lJ v
4 Scale became 64.3 cents on June 25,1919.
4
.8
4 Scale became 66.7 cents on June 28 and 6 ► cents on July 8,1919.
5
4®For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
4 Scale became 53.6 cents on June 1,1919
7
4 Scale became 53.1 cents on July 1,1919.
8

Chicago, 111..................
Cincinnati, Ohio.........
Cleveland, Ohio..........
Columbus, Ohio.........
Dayton, Ohio..............
Des Moines, Iowa.......
Detroit, Mich...............
Grand Rapids, Mich..
Indianapolis, Ind........
Kansas City, Mo.........
Milwaukee, W is.........
Omaha, Nebr..............
Peoria, 111................... .
St. Louis, Mo..............
St. Paul, Minn.......... .
Wichita, Kans.. . . ___




60.4
70.3
4 72.0
°
« 57.3
68.8
62.5
43 66.0
4 58.0
4
4&
56.3
68.8
54.2
75.0
50.0
76.4
4 45.3
7
4 50.0
8

XX»
7&

UNIOlT SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 2 6 1

Table A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER— Concluded.
ST E R E O T Y PE R S : Night work—Concluded.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wagasGeographical division and
city.
Per

hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week, over­ days
full
and
time.' time. holi­
days.

SOUTH CENTRAL.
C en ts.

Birmingham, A la..........
Dallas, Tex......................
Houston, T ex.................
Little Rock, Ark...........
Louisville, K y................
Memphis, Tenn..............
Nashville, Tenn.............
New Orleans, L a.......... .

D o lls .

56.5
68.8
« 59.8
50.0
62.5
66.7
56.3
64.3

27.10
33.00
7 28. 70
24.00
30.00
30.00
27.00
27.00

80.0
66.1
70.
81.3
68.8
73.
107.1
56.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
urday Per
week,
Full week. half
full
hour.
holi­
time.
day.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
by—
"
19 n

36.00
31.75
34.00
39.00
33.00
33.00
45.00
27.00

C e n ts.

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7J- 7£-45
8-8-48
7-7-42

7|- 7^-45
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7h - 7|-45
7-7-42
8-8-48

i
601
2
1
1
1

54.4
53.1
50.0
49.4
50.0
56.7
46.9
57.1

Dolls.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

26.10
25.50
24.00
23.70
24.00
25.50
7 22.50
24.00

8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 -48
8 - 8 -48
74-45
8 -48
7 - 7 -42

66.7
58.9
59.4
62.5
62.5
66.7
76.6
56.3

30.00
28.25
28.50
30.00
30.00
30.00
32.16
27.00

7-i- 7^-45
8 - 8 -488-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
7 i- 7J-45
7-7-42
8-8-48

46.3

25.00

9-9-54

P:

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont...................
Denver, Colo.................
Los Angeles, Calif........
Portland, Oreg___ ____
Salt Lake City, .Utah..
San Francisco, Calif___
Seattle, Wash................
Spokane, Wash.............

T H E A T R IC A L E M P L O Y E E S .
C AR PEN T ER S.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Burlesque and vaudeville
houses, 2 to 4 shows per
55.6
day....................................
Combination houses and
vaudeville and moving
picture houses, 5 or more
shows per day.................
63.6
Moving picture theaters...
62.5
Opera house........................
90.9
97.2
Special performances........
Stock houses.......................
63.5
Bridgeport, Conn.:
52.1
Combination houses..........
Stock houses.......................
72.9
Vaudeville houses.............
54.2
Buffalo, N. Y ......................... 64 62. 5
Assistants............................ 6 52.1
6

3
1
30.00 2 100c 6 100c.

9-9-54

3
35.00 2 100c 51100c
3
1
30.00 2 100c 5 100c
50.00 23 200C 52 500c
35.00 23 135c 52 500c
40.00 23 135C 5 1 135c

9 -10 -55
8-8-48
9 -10 -55
6-6-36
10i-10J-63

25.00 23 62ic 5 1 125c
35.00 23 62Jc 5 1 125c
26.00 23 62£c 51 125c
30.00 23 50c 51 75c
25.00 23 50c 51 75c

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

55
55

3 For Sundays; for holidays, full day's pay for 5 hours’ work.
7 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported,
w For Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
2 Rate in cents per hour.
3
« Scale became 68.8 cents on June 2,1919.
w For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
6i Rate in cents per hour for Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
6 Rate in cents per performance for Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
3
6 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
3
64 Scale became 75 cents, on Sept. 1,1919.
6 Hours irregular, but average 48 per week.
6
6 iScale became 62.5 cents on Sept.. l, 1919.
®
es More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported*




54. 5 6 30.00
5
62.5
30.00
81.8
45.00

(53)

(53)

9 -10 -55
8-8-48
9 -10 -55
(53)

55. 6

35.00 10J-10|-63

52.1
72.9
52.1
62.5
52.1

25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
35.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.00 ss 8 — 8 -48
25.00 55 8 - 8 -48

262

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.— Continued.

THEATRICAL EMPLOYEES— Continued.
C A R PE N T E R S—Continued.
May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.
Rate of
wages—

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH ATLANTIC—COndd.
Fall River, Mass.:
Theater running contin­
uous performances.........
Theaters playing combi­
nation amd burlesque
and vaudeville and pic­
tures..................................
Moving pictures only.......
Newark, N. J.......................
New York, N. Y ...................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
First-class houses...............
Vaudeville and burlesque
houses...............................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Burlesque and vaudeville
houses...............................
Combination houses.........
Stock burlesque houses. . .
Portland, Me........................
Assistants..........................
Providence, R . I ..................
Rochester, N. Y ...................
Scranton, Pa.........................
Springfield, Mass.:
Class A and B houses___
Class C houses...................
Worcester, Mass.:
Combination houses........
Stock houses.....................
Vaudeville houses............

Per
week,
full

C en ts.

D o lls .

time.

25.00

a»38.9
a* 65.6

Num­
ber of
mos.
with
For Hours:
Sun­ Foil days;
For
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
over­ days Full week. urday hour.
half
and
time. holi­
holi­
day.
days.
R e g u la r ra ie
rm iUi'plied
b y—

1 511O0C

27.00
1 55100c
23.00
1 si 100c
28.00 1*3150c *500c
31.50
2
2

Per
week,
full
time.

12 -12 -72
8-8-48

C e n ts .
(63)

D o lls .
(53)

(53)'

(S7)

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

(53)

34.7
65.

(53)

25.00
25.00
31.50

60 30.00 23 1O
0C

611

(57)

27.50

® 27.50 «3 100c

611

(*7)

25.00

6 59.3
3
6 55.6
3
64.8

32.00 100c 51100c 6 9 —9 -54
3
3
30.00 8 100c 51100c 63 9 - 9 -54
35.00 » 100c 51100c 64 9 _ 9 -5 4
27.50
1
1
<5
7>
22.50
1
1
<67)
(57)
® 28.00 23 60c 5175c
12
9
6 71.4
6
30.00
2
7-7-42
9
62.5
30.00 23 62£< 1 2
8-8-48
29.00 23 55c 5 100c
1
29.00 23 50c 51100c
57.5
65.0
62.5

7 27.
31.20
30.00

72.9
Atlanta, Ga................
Baltimore, Md.:
Combination and bur55.6
lesque houses...................
64.8
Stock houses.......................
64.
Vaudeville houses..............
57.7
Charleston, S. C.....................
Jacksonville, Fla................... 6 64.0
8
0
Assistants............................ 7 55.0
Richmond, Va.:
72.7
Combination houses..........
60.0
Vaudeville houses.............
55.
Assistants............................
46.7
Washington, D. C .................
43.2
Assistants, . j0 ....................
.

59.3
55.6
64.8

66.7
54.2

(57)
(57)

32.00
30.00
35.00
27.50
22.50
28.00
28.00
26.00
27.00
25.00

1 2
9
1 2
9
1 2
9

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

47.9
54.2
52.1

J 23.00

1 2
9

J- 8 -48

62.5

3a 00

23 80c 51 80c
9-9-54
23 80c 5180c
9-9-54
23 80c 51 80c
9-9-54
61 1
23 50c
67 8 - 8 -52
23 60c
1 69 6 - 6 -50
23 60c
1 69 6 - 6 -50

46.3
55.6
51.9
52.9
55.0
44.0

25.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
30.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
28.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
27.50 67« - 8 -52
27.50 ®6 - 6 -50
9
22.00 6 6 - 6 -50

611
5-8-33
a 7 - 7 -50
fill
a 7 - 7 -50
1 7113|-13i-81
1 7113J-13|-81

60.6
50.0
50.0
34.0

20.00 5 - 8 - 3 3
25.00 a 7 - 7 - 5 0
25.00 a 7 - 7 ->50
27.50 7il3|-13|-81

35.00

1
1
1

26.00
25.00

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

30.00
35.00
35.00
30.00
32.00
27.50

24.00
1
30.00
1
27.50
1
37.80 23 70c
35.00 23 70c

611

(53)

(53)

8-8-48

(53)

a Mondays and Thursdays 11 hours.
* Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
1 For Sundays; for holidays regular rate,
9
2 Rate in cents per hour.
3
6 Rate in cents per hour for Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
1
52 Rate in cents per performance for Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
5 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
3
5 Variable.
7
6 Scale became 55.6 cents on Sept. 6,1919.
8
6 Scale became 81.3 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
9
60 Scale became $35 per week, 8 hours per day, and $1,25 per hour for overtime on Sept. 1,1919.
For holidays; do not work on Sundays.
6 Scale became $32.50 per week, 8 hours per day, and $1.25 per hour for overtime on Sept. 1,1919.
2
6 Scale became 72.9 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on Aug. 1,1919.
3
64 Scale became 8 hours per day on Aug. 1,1919.
6 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
6
6 Scale became 83.3 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
6
6 Mondays and Thursdays 10 hours.
7
® Scale became 70 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
8 Sundays and Thursdays 10 hours.
9
70 Scale became 60 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
7 Average hours.
1




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15. 1919. 263
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
THEATRICAL EMPLOYEES— Continued.
C A R PE N TE R S—Continued.
May 15, 1919.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city. •
Per
hour.

NORTH CENTRAL.

Per
week,
full
time.

For
For Sun­
days
over­
time. and
holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lied

b y—
Chicago, 111.:
C en ts. D o lls .
47.3
26.50
Houses A .............................
50.0
28.00
Houses B ..............................
58.0
32.50
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
58.
30.00
Cleveland, Ohio.....................
Columbus, Ohio:
Combination, vaudeville,
29.50 23 75c 72 75c
and burlesque houses...
31.50 *3 75c 72 75c
Stock houses........................
7* 30.00 s 621c 19 2
Dayton, Ohio.........................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
3
line and Rock Island, 111..
25.00 2 35c
Des Moines, Iowa:
Burlesque, combination,
62.5
6
30.00 7 75c
and vaudeville houses..
72.9
35.00 76 75c
Stock houses.......................
Detroit, Mich.......................... 77 72.9
35.00 76 75c
24.00 23 50c
Grand Rapids, Mich............. 78 57.1
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Carpenters—
55.6
30.00
Class A houses................
61.1
33.00
Class B houses................
Assistants—
43.5
23.50
Class A houses................
51.9
28.00
Class B houses................
62.5
35.00
Kansas City, Mo.................. .
30.00
Assistants............................
53.
Milwaukee, W is.:
Combination and vaude­
31.50 23 50c
ville houses......................
34.50 23 50c
Stock houses.......................
58.9
33.00 23 67c
Minneapolis, Minn................
56.3
31.50 23 60c
Omaha, Nebr.........................
1
50.0
26.00
Peoria, 111................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Carpenters—
Combination houses___
27.50 23 65c
49.1
64.3
36.00 23 65c
Vaudeville houses..........
Assistants—
40.2
22.50 23 65c
Combination houses —
49.1
27.50 23 65c
Vaudeville houses..........
67.7
32.50 23 65c
St. Paul, Minn.......................
32.50 !3 62£c
Toledo, Ohio..........................
22.00
45.
Wichita, Kans........................
H
37.5
18.00
Assistants............................
u
35.00 23 50c 19 2
Youngstown, Ohio...............
28.00 23 50c 19 2
Assistants............................

C en ts.

8-8-56
8-8-56
8-8-56
81- 81-51

47.3
50.0
49.1
58.

D o lls .

26.50
28.00
27.50
30.00

C*)
7
3)

v

(73)

25.00

! - 8 -56
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
6-6-42

52.1
62.5
62.5
57.1

25.00
30.00
30.00
24.00

•9 -54
■9 -54

46.3
50.0

25.00
27.00

■9
■9
■8
•8

-54
-54
-56
-56

34.3
42.6
58.0
50.0

18.50
23.00
32.50
28.00

(6 )
7
\57)
8-8-56
8-8-56
o 6 - 6 -52

49.1
49.1
46.2

26.00
26.50
27.50 8 - 8 - 5 6
27.50 8 - 8 - 5 6
o
24.00 s 6 - 6 -52

8-8-56
8-8-56

49.1
64.3

27.50
36.00

8-8-56
8-8-56
#8-8-48

40.2
49.1
57.3

22.50 8 - 8 - 5 6
27.50 8 - 8 - 5 6
27.50 9 8 - 8 -48
(57)
32. 50
22.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
18.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

(57)

8-8-48
8-8-48
(57)
(57)

'45.8
37.5

(73)

(7
3)

8-8-56
8-8-56

(73)
(73)

9 Hours vary, but total 48 per week,
is For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
23 Rate in cents per hour.

6 Variable.
7
72 Rate in cents per hour for Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
73 Not reported.
74 Scale became $32 per week on Sept. 1,1919.
75 Rate in cents per hour until midnight; double time thereafter.
76 Rate in cents per hour until midnight, $1 per hour thereafter.
7 Scale became 83.3 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
7
78 Scale became 69 cents on Sept. 1, 1919.
79 For holidays; for Sundays, in 7-day houses, $5 per day; in 6-day houses, double time. )
8 Hours irregular, but average 52 per week; 11 hours on Sundays and Thursdays.
0




(73)
(73)

264

BULLETIN OS' THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
THEATRICAL EMPLOYEES—Continued.
CA R PE N TE R S—Concluded.
May 15,1919.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
ber of
mos.
For flours:
with
Per
Per
Sun- Full days; Sat­
For
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
week,
over­
Full week.
full
full
and
half hour.
time. holi­
time.
holi­
time.
days.
day.

Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.
Per
houf.

SOUTH CENTRAL.
C en ts.

Birmingham, Ala.................
Dallas, Tex............................
Houston, Tex.......................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Burlesque houses.............
Vaudeville houses............
Louisville, K y......................
Memphis, Tenn....................
Nashville, Tenn...................
New Orleans, La.:
Combination houses........
Vaudeville houses............

67.7
71.4
si 62.5

D o lls .

32.50
40.00
35.00 *3 50c

45.0
27.00
47.4
27.00
50.0 6 28.00
3
38.9
35.00
57.3
27.50
37.4
48.4

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
by—
23 75c
- ~
1
23 100C

75c
75c
75c
23 55c
23
23

23

D o lls .

8-8-48
8-8-56
8-8-56

62.5
62.5
53.6

30.00
35.00
30.00

10 -10 -60
1 0 - 7 -57
8-8-56
8 3 1 8 12 -12 -90
4
8-8-48
1

46.3
43.9
44.6
33.3
52.1

25.00 2 8 - 8 -54
25.00 1 0 - 7 -57
25.00 8 - 8 - 5 6
30.00 8<12 -12 -9o
25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

10£-10i-73£

8*-ll*-62i

37.4
48.4

27.50 lOi-lOJ-73*
30.00 8$-ll£-62J

8-8-56

62.5

35.00

-56

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

62.5
72.9
62.5

30.00
35.00
30.00

-48
-48
-48

1
61 1

« 1§

1
1

27.50
30.00

C e n ts.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

8-8-48
8-8-56
8-8-56

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont..........................
Denver, Colo.:
Combination houses........
Stock houses......................
Los Angeles, Calif................
Portland, Oreg.:
Carpenters—
Stock houses..................
Vaudeville houses........
Assistants—
Stock houses..................
V audeville houses........
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Combination houses........
Stock houses......................
San Francisco, Calif............
Seattle, W ash.:
Combination and vaude­
ville houses.....................
Stock houses......................
Spokane, Wash.:
Stockhouses.....................
Vaudeville houses............

75.0

6
42.00 8 100c

6 67.7
6 78.1
75.0

32.50 87 65c
37.50 87 65c
8
36.00 8 1

95.8
83.3

3
46.00 2 75c
40.00 23 75c

8-8-48
8-8-48

(63)

71. <
65. {

34.50
31.60

75c
75c

8-8-48
8-8-48

(53)

8 53.6
9
9 62.5
0
80.4

3
30.00 2 75c
35.00 23 75c
45.00 23 100c

8-8-56
8-8-56
9 8 - 8 -56

53.
62.5
67.0

30.00 8 - 8 - 5 6
35.00 8 - 8 - 5 6
37.50 9 8 - 8 -56

93.8
104.2

45.00 23 125c
50.00i23 125c

! -48
! -48

67.7
72.9

32.50
35.00

71.4
62.5

40.00 23 100c
35.00 23 100c

; -56
\ -56

23
23

61 i
61 l

1*

7 1 .4

58.0
(53)

9 Hours vary, but total 56 per week,
is For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
2 Rate in cents per hour.
3
63 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
6i For holidays; do not work on Sundays.
More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
si Scale became 71.4 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
82 Mondays and Thursdays, 11 hours.
83 For overtime on Sundays, 75 cents per hour.
84 Sundays and Thurdays, 15 hours.
8 Rate in cents per hour until 2 a. m .; double time thereafter.
5
86 Scale became 93.8 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
8 Rate in cents per hour until midnight; $1.25 per hour thereafter.
7
88 Time and one-half after 4 hours.
89 Scale became 62.5 cents on Aug. 6, 1919.
90 Scale became 75 cents on Aug. 6,1919.




(53)

40.00

(53)

8-8-56
(53)
(53)

8-8-48
8-8-48
-56

32.50

(53)

(53)

265

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
THEATRICAL EMPLOYEES— Continued.
ELECTRICIANS.
"M ay 15,1919.
Kate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
f ul l

time.

For
Sun­
For
over­ days
and
time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
fu ll
half
time.
holi­
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Burlesque,
vaudeville,
and picture theaters, 2
to 4 acts.......................... .
Combination and vaude­
ville houses.....................
Moving-picture theaters..
Opera house
Special porfo
Stockhouses.
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Combination houses
Stock houses
Vaudeville houses...............
Buffalo, N. Y .........................
Newark, N. J........................
New York, N. Y .................. .
Philadelphia, Pa.: *
Burlesque and vaude­
ville .................................
First class.......................... .
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Burlesque and vaude­
ville..................................
Combination houses........
Moving picture houses—
Portland, M e . :
Stock houses.............
Vaudeville houses. .
Providence, R. I .........
Rochester, N. Y ..........
Scranton, Pa...............
Springfield, Mass........
Worcester, Mass.:
Combination houses
Stock houses.............
Vaudeville houses. .

C en ts.

D o lls .

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
by—

46.3
54.5
62.5
90.
83.3
55.
41.7
50.0
43.8
m 52.1

C en ts.

25.00 23100c 5i 100c

93 3 3 .3

9 65.
4
0*5)
(96;

9 55.
7
97 55.6
97 55.6

98

64.3
54.2
60.0
500
57.5

D o lls .

9-9-54

37.0

20.00

9-9-54

30.00 23 100c 5 100C
1
30.00 2 100c 51100C
3
50.00 23 200c 91500c
30.00 33 135c 91500c
35.00 23 135c 51135c

9 -10 -55
8-8-48
9 -10 -55
6-6-36
10J-105-63

45.5
62.5
81.

25.00
30.00
45.00

9 -10 -55
8-8-48
9 -10 -55

20.00 3 62Jc 51125c
24.00 3 62JC 51 125c
21.00 » 62fc 51 125c
25.00 23 50c 51 75c
24.00 23 150C i 500c
31.50
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
9 8 - 8 -48
12 -12 -72
8-8-48

27.50 23 100c
27.50 23 100C

22.50
1
1
22.50
1
1
21.00 23 60C 5i 75c
27.00
is 2
2
26.00 67£c 19 2
24.00 3 50c 51100c
21.60
7 24.00
27.60

1
1
1

19 2
19 2
19 2

47.
41.7
50.0
41.7
52.1
29.2
65.6

97
97
97

9 _ 9 _54
9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54

51.9
46.3
55.6

8
r H - 4 2

8-8-48
(57)

6

6 -36
•8 -48
8 -48

(53)

20.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
24.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
20.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.00 9 8 - 8 -48
21.00 12 -12 -72
31.50 8 - 8 - 4 8

52.4
47,
50.0
741.7
47.9

(57)
(57)

28.00
25.00
30 00

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

22.50
22.50
21.00
22.00
23.00
22.00

(57)
(57)
(57)

18.00
7 20.00
23.00

7 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
9 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
1 For Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
9
2 Rate in cents per hour.
3
*i Ratein cents per hour for Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
5 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
3
6 Variable.
7
6i For holidays; do not work on Sundays.
6 More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
5
si Ratein cents for each performance, for Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
92 Scale became 62.5 cents, on Sept. 1,1919.
w Scale became 48.6 cents on Sept. 6,1919.
9 Scale became 81.3 cents, on Sept. 1,1919.
4
»5 Variable, scale became 67.7 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on Sept. 1,1919.
96 Variable. Scale became 62.5 cents per hour and 8 hours per day, on Sept. 1,1919.
9 Scale became 72.9 cents per hour and 8 hours per day on Aug. 1,1919.
7
98 Scale became 71.4 cents on Sept. 1,1919.




(53)

8 30.00 10^-101-63
8

22.50
25.00

(67)
(57)

611
61 1

30.00 23 100c 5 100C
1
30.00 2 100c 5 100c
1
3
30.00 23 100c 5 100c
1

(63)

7-7-42
8-8-48
(07)

6 - 6 -36
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

266

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
THEATRICAL EMPLOYEES—Continued.
E LECTRICIAN S—Continued.
May 15,1918.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

C en ts.

D o lls .

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

62.5
Atlanta, Ga.............................
Baltimore, Md.:
Burlesque houses...............
50.0
Combination houses..........
50.0
57.4
Stockhouses........................
Vaudeville houses..............
55.6
Jacksonville, Fla.................... ™55.0
Richmond, Va........................
60.6
Washington, D. C..................
36.3
Assistants............................
35.2

For
over­
time.

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages— .
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week,
Full week. half hour.
full
time.
holi­
day.

R e g u la r r a te
m u ltip lie d
by—

C en ts.

8-8-48

52.1

3
9-9-54
1
27.00 2 80C 6 80c
9-9-54
27.00 23 80C 51 80c
9-9-54
31.00 23 80c 51 80c
9-9-54
30.00 23 80c 61 80C
9
27.50 23 60c
1 6 6 -10 -50
5 - 8 -33
2a 00 23 60c 811
1 113i-13i-81
29.40 23 70c
28.00 28 70C
1 7i 13i-13i-81

35.2
38.9
46.3
46,
40.0
50.8
26.5
(»)

1

30.00

i»2

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

D o lls .

25.00
19.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
21.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
25.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
25.00 9 - 9 - 5 4
20.00 6 -10 -50
16.75 5 - 8 - 3 3
21.50 [7il3i-13i-81
(53)
(")

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Houses A ..............................
Houses B ..............................
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Combination houses..........
Stock houses........................
Columbus, Ohio:
Combination, vaudeville,
and burlesque houses.. .
Stock houses.......................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and Rock Island, 111.
Dayton, Ohio..........................
Des Moines, Iowa...................
Detroit, Mich..........................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Class A houses.....................
Class B houses.....................
Kansas City, Mo....................
Assistants............................
Milwaukee, W is.:
Combination and vaude­
ville houses.......................
Stock houses.......................
Minneapolis, Minn.................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Burlesque and vaudeville
houses................................
Picture houses.....................
Peoria, 111................................

47.3
50.0
50.0

26.50
28.00
28.00

8 - 8 -56
8 - 8 -56
8 - 8 -56

47.3
50.0
40.2

20.50
28.00
22.50

1-8-56
1-8-56
1-8-56

49.0
52.9

25.00
27.00

Sib
Sih

49.0
52.

25.00
27.00

JJ- Si-51
8i-51

25.50
27.50

23
23

18.00
9 28.00
9
25.00
30.00

23

52.1
3 62.5

35c
li
75c
75c

53.
35.7

25.00
28.00
30.00
20.00

53.6

26.50
28.50
30.00

49.1
44.6
44.2

27.50
25.00
23.00

(57)
(57)

75c 5i 75c
75c 5 75c
1

32.1

2
2

32.1

-8-56

22.50
25.00

- 8 -48
-8-48

-54
-54
-56
-56

50.0
32.1

20.00
23.00
28.00
18.00

-9-54
-9-54
-8-56
-8-56

50c
50c
60c

8 - 8 -56

44.6

22.00
22.50
25.00

! - 8 -56

60c
75c
1

8 - 8 -56
8 - 8 -56
76 - 6 -52

40.2
44.6
38.5

22.50
25.00
20.00

; - 8 -56
i - 8 -56
i - 6 -52

li

23
28

8 - 8 -56

(53)
(53)

18.00

1

23

(53)
(63)

46.9
52.1

4 75c
4 75c

23
23

8-J-51
8i-51

(57)

1
1
52
52
1
1

(53)

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
69
*9
8
8

-

9
9
8
8

(57)
(57)

(53)

i For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
* Rate in cents per hour until midnight; $1 per hour thereafter,
s Scale became 72.9 cents, on Sei)t. 1,1919.
4 Rate in cents per hour until midnight, double time thereafter.
« For Sundays in 6-day houses; in 7-aay houses $5 per day; for holidays regular rate.
6 Estimated.
7 Hours irregular, but average 52 per week; 11 hours on Sundays and Thursdays.
1 For Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
9
2 Rate in cents per hour.
3
si Rate in cents per hour for Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
5 No scale in effect, on May 15,1918.
3
57 Variable.
6i For holidays; do not work on Sundays.
6 Sundays and Thursday, 10 hours.
®
7 Scale became 60 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
0
7 Average hours.
1
9 Scale became $30, on Sept. 1,1919.
9




(53)

(57)
(57)

267

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919.
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.
THEATRICAL EMPLOYEE S—Continued.
E L E C T R IC IA N S—Concluded.

May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH

CENTRAL—

Per
week,
full
time.

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
Full days; with
Per
Saturdays; Sat­
Per
Full week. urday hour. week,
half
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

R e g u k zr ra te
m u lti [piled

concld.

by
St. Louis, Mo.:
C en ts. D o lls .
Combination houses..........
3
40.2
22.50 2 65c
49.1
27.50 2 65c
3
Vaudeville houses..............
St. Paul, Minn________ ____
3
62.5
30.00 2 65c
28.00 2362|C
Toledo, Ohio...........................
Wichita, K a n s .....................
45.8
22.00
Assistants.............................
31.3
15.00
if
3
Youngstown, Ohio. . . . . . . . .
3a oo 2 50c
SOUTH

May 15,1918.

C en ts.

1
1
1
91

D o lls .

Ilf
12

8-8-56
8-8-56
8 8 - 8 -48
(57)
8-8-48
8-8-48
(57)

12
12

8-8-48
10 -10 -60

52.1
50.0

25.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.00 10 -10 -60

(57)
1
1
8-8-56
1
8-8-56
1
8-8-56
1 13 12 -12 -90
1
8-8-48
1
11 -11 -77

62.5
37.5
37.5
27.8
37.5
32.5

(57)
26.50
35.00 8 - 8 - 5 6
21.00 8 - 8 - 5 6
21.00 8 - 8 - 5 6
25.00 1312 -12 -90
18.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
25.00 11 -11 -77

40.2
49.1
52.1
*"*45.8
31.3
( 22)

22.50 8 - 8 - 5 6
27.50 8 - 8 - 5 6
25.00 8 8 - 8 -48
(57)
28.00
22.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
15.00 8 - 8 - 4 8

( 22)

( 22)

CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.:
Houses A .............................
Houses B ..............................
Dallas, Tex.:
Houses A ..............................
Houses B ..............................
Houston, Tex.........................
Louisville, K y ........................
Memphis, Tenn......................
Nashville, Tenn.....................
New Orleans, L a...................

57.3
50.0

3
27.50 2 75c
3
30.00 2 75c

35.00
71.4
40.00
10 53.6
30.00
42.9 n 24.00
33.3
30 00
46.9
22.50
32.5
25.00

2 50c
3
2 75c
3
2 55c
3
2 60c
3
1

12

WESTERN.

75.0
Butte, Mont............................
Denver, Colo.:
Combination houses.......... is 67.7
7
Stock houses........................ 1 78.1
Los Angeles, Calif................
75.0
71.9
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City, Utah........... 20 4 4 . 6
80.4
San Francisco, Calif..............
Seattle, Wash.:
Combination and vaude­
88.5
ville houses.......................
93.8
Stock houses........................
Spokane, Wash.:
Stock houses........................
58.0
53.6
Vaudeville houses..............

42.00 1 100c
4

1

8-8-56

56.3

31.50

32.50 18 65c
37.50 16 65c
36.00 !8 1
34.50 2 75c
3
25.00 2 75c
3
3
45.00 2 100c

1
1

H
P

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-56
8 - 8 -56

62.5
72.9
62.5
53.6
44:6
58.0

30.00 8 - 8 -48
35.00 8 - 8 - 4 8
30.00 8 - 8 -48
30.00 8 - 8 - 5 6
25.00 8 - 8 - 5 6
32.50 21 8 _ 8 -56

42.50 ^ 125c
45.00 2 125c
3

1
1

8-8-48
8-8-48

57.3
62.5

27.50
30.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

3
32.50 2 100c
30.00 2 100c
3

l
1

8-8-56
8-8-56

25.00

8-8-56

1

21

44.6

( 22)

i For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate,
s Hours vary, but total 48 per week,
a For holidays; no rate for Sundays.
10 Scale became 62.5 cents, on Sept. 1,1919.
n More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported.
12 75 cents per hour for Sunday overtime,
is 15 hours on Thursdays and Sundays.
1* Rate in cents per hour until 2 a. m .; double time thereafter,
is Scale became 83.3 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
16 Rate in cents per hour until midnight; $1.25 per hour thereafter.
1 Scale became 93.8 cents on Aug. 1,1919.
7
18 Time and one-half after 4 hours.
20 Scale became 58 cents on Aug. 6,1919.
S Hours vary, but total 56 per week.
1
23 No scale in effect on May 15,1918.
23 Rate in cents per hour.
6 Variable.
7




( 22)

8-8-56

( 22)

268
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A,— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

THEATRICAL EMPLOYEES—Continued.
MOTION-PICTTTRE MACHINE OPERATORS.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
For
week,
over­
full time.
time.

C en ts.

D o lls .

NORTH ATLANTIC.

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

R eg u l %r ra te
m u lt ip lied
by

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
urday Per
Full week. half hour. week,
full
holi­
time.
day.

C en ts.

D o lls .

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

6-6-36
30.00 100c 33 i
83.3
57.1
Boston, Mass.....................
24.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Houses of—
4
4-4-28
57.1 2 16.00
4
1
57.1 2 16.00 4 - 4 - 2 8
Less than 500 seats...
U
4
73.2 3 20.50
4-4-28
73.2 3 20.50 4 - 4 - 2 8
4
1
500 to 999 seats...........
11
1,000 seats or more—
4-4-28
80.4 25 22.50
80.4 25 22.50 4 - 4 - 2 8
1
Evening shows only. .
1*
Afternoon and even­
62.2
30.50
2«7i- 71-49
62.2
1
ing shows...................
30.50 26 71- 71-49
li
Continuous shows—
28.50
1 26 7 _ 7 _46
62.0
62.0
28.50 2 7 - 7 -46
Regular operator............
«
li
13.94
21- 21-15
13.94 2J- 21-15
92.9
1
92.9
Relief operator.................
11
Buffalo, N. Y .:
6-6-36
25.00
69.4
Evening shows only.......... 27 69.4
25.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
li
li
Evening shows ana Sun­
6-6-36
20.00
55.6
20.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
day matinees................... 28 55.6
li
li
Afternoon and evening
9
6-6-36
28.00
77.8
28.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
shows, vaudeville........... 2 77.8
li
li
Continuous shows—
12.30 to 11 p. m ., 2 men
to a shift—
28.00
6-6-36
77.8
28.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
First men..................... 29 77.8
11
n
6-6-36
25.00
69.4
25.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
Second m en................. 27 69.4
li
11
6-6-36
22.50
Third and fourth men. !»62.5
62.5
22.50 6 - 6 - 3 6
U
H
12 noon to 11 p. m ., 2
25.00
69.4
25.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
operators....................... *7 69.4
U
H 6-6-36
12 noon to 11 p. m ., vau­
deville—
28.00
77.8
28.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
First men..................... 29 77.8
11
U 6-6-36
6-6-36
69.4
25.00
25.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
Second men................. 27 69.4
li
li
10 a. m. to 11 p. m .—
28.00
6-6-36
77.8
28.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
1
First men..................... 29 77.8
11
li
25.00
6-6-36
69.4
25.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
Second men................. 27 69.4
li
li
20.00
6-6-36
55.6
20.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
Third men.................... 28 55.6
11
**
Fall River, Mass.:
72.2
6-6-36
24.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
26.00 19 100c 31 1
66.7
Houses using 1 operator. .
Houses using 2 operators—
6-6-36
69.4
75.0
27.00 19 100c 31 1
25.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
Chiefs................................
6-6-36
66.7
24.00 19 100c 31 1
58.3
21.00 6 - 6 - 3 6
Assistants........................
Newark, N. J.:
2
1 2
6-6-36
66.7
24.00
42.9
18.00 7 - 7 - 4 2
Six days per week.............
2
1
6-6-42
76.2
24.00 7 - 7 - 4 9
32.00
49.0
Seven days per week.........
i For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
1 Rate in cents per hour.
9
23 For holidays; for Sundays, full day’s pay for 5 hours’ work.
2 For Saturday matinee, not to exceed 3 hours, $1.50 additional.
4
25 For Saturday matinee, not to exceed 3 hours, $2 additional.
2« Sundays, 4 hours.
« Scale became 83.3 cents on Sept. 19,1919.
28 Scale became 66.7 cents on Sept. 19,1919.
2 Scale became 93.3 cents on Sept. 19,1919.
9
8° Scale became 75 cents on Sept. 19,1919.
si For holidays; for Sundays, $3.50 for 3^ hours or less.
84 For Saturday matinee, not to exceed 3 hours, $1.67 additional.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1919. 269
T a b le

A.—UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS, ETC.—Continued.

THEATRICAL EMPLOYEES—Continued.
MOTION-PICTTTRE MACHINE OPERATORS—Continued.
May 15,1919.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH ATLANTIC—

For
Per
Sun­
For
week,
over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

May 15,1918.

Rate of
Num­
wages—
ber of
mos.
Hours:
with
Full days; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour. week,
full
holi­
time.
day.

Hours:
Full days;
Saturdays;
Full week.

contd.

New Haven, Conn.:
Continuous shows—
Houses of less than 500
C e n ts. D o l l s .
seats—
2
Chiefs............................
51.3 3 20.00
47.2 ii 17.00
Assistants....................
Houses of 500 or more
Chiefs............................
Assistants.....................
Vaudeville houses—
Chiefs............................
Assistants.....................
New York, N. Y .:
Continuous shows—
5 to 10 cents admission—
5 p. m. to 11 p. m ., 1
shift; 12 noon to
midnight, 2 shifts;
or 11 a. m. to 11
p. m., 2 shifts...........
5 p. m. to 11 p. m ., 1
shift daily and 2
matinees per week..
2 to 11 p. m., 1 shift...
11 a. m. to midnight,
2 shifts; or 10 a. m.
to 11 p. m ., 2 shifts..
9 a. m. to 11 p. m ., 2
shifts..........................
15 to 50 cents admis­
sion—
2 p. m. to 11 p. m., 1
shift............................
11 a. m. to 11 p. m., 2
shifts..........................
9 a. m. to 11 p. m., 2
shifts..........................
More than 50 cents ad­
mission—
2 p. m. to 11 p. m ., 1
shift............................
Temporary job, 1
•week or more...........
Philadelphia, P a.:
Houses A ..............................
Houses B ..............................
Houses C ..............................
Houses D .............................
Houses E .............................
Houses F..............................

R e g u la r ra te
m u ltip lie d
by *
—

w 65c
1 65c
9

3 ij
3
3
3

6 i- 6i-39
6-6-36

53. 3 21.00 w 65c
2
52.8
19.00 1 65c
9

33 1£

3 1^
3

80.0 n 24.00 1 75c
9
70.0 H21.00 1 65c
9

3 1J
3
3 li
3

C en ts.

D o lls .

51.3 32 20.00
47.2 ii 17.00

6J- 6i-39
6-6-36

6 i- 6i-39
6-6-36

53.8
52.8

21.00
19.00

6J- 6i-39
6-6-36

5-5-30
5-5-30

80.0 n 24.00
70.0 ii 21.00

5-5-30
5-5-30

82

60.0

25.20 1 75c
9

6-6-42

50.0

21.00

6-6-42

59.6
60.0

29.20 i9 75c
9
33.60 1 75c

7-7-49
8-8-56

49.0
50.0

24.00
28.00

7-7-49
8-8-56

57.

26.30 is 75c

6 i- 6i-45i

50.0

22.75

6J- 6i-45i

60.0

29.40 1 75c
9

7-7-49

50.0

24.50

7-7-49

70.0

39.20

i9

90c

8-8-56

60.0

33.60

8-8-56

70.0

29.40

19

90c

6-6-42

60.0

25.20

6-6-42

68.6

33.60

19

90c

7-7-49

60.0

29.40

7-7-49

70.0

39.20 i9 90c

8-8-56

65.0

36.40

8-8-56

80.4

45.00

90c

8-8-56

70.0

39.20

8-8-56

21.00 19 75c
21.00
1
20.00
1
25.00 1 75c
9
27.50 19 75c
27.50
1

4-8-28
4-8-28
8-8-48
7-7-42
8-8-48
7-7-42

57.1
75.0
41.7
47.6
43.8
65.5

16.00
21.00
20.00
20.00
21.00
27.50

4-8-28
4-8-28
8-8-48
7-7-42
8-8-48
7-7-42

3 75.0
5
» 75.0
io 41. 7
86 59.5
37 57.3
38 Go. 5

19

i° Scale became 62.5 cents on Sept. 1,1919.
ii More than half received more than the scale; amount not reported,
is Rate in cents per hour.
3 Nominal rate. All received more; amount not reported.
2
33 For holidays; for Sundays, $1 per hour,
s* Scale became 89.3 cents bn Sept. 1,1919.
36 Scale becam