View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S

ROYAL MEEKER, Commissioner

BULLETIN OF TH E U N IT E D S T A T E S )
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S /
W AGES

AND

U NION

H O U RS

OF

t
LA B O R

{
SERIE S

SCALE O F W A G E S

AN D H O U R S OF LABOR




M A Y 15, 1917

MARCH, 1919

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
1919

2

4 5




CONTENTS.
Page.

Summary.............................................................................................................................
Relative rates of wages and hours of labor.............................................................
General indexes of union scales of wages and hours of labor and of retail prices
of food ..............................................................................................................................
Union wage scales and retail prices of food in 13 cities............................................
Table A .—Union scale of wages and hours of labor in each trade, b y geographical
divisions and cities, on May 15, 1917, and May 15, 1916......................................




3

5
14
22
25
74




B U L L E T IN

O F

T H E

U . S. B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S .
NO. 245

WASHINGTON.

MARCH, 1919

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR,
MAY 15 , 1 9 1 7 .
SUMMARY.

O r g a n iz e d l a b o r r e c e iv e d h ig h e r w a g e s in 1 9 1 7 th a n in a n y p r e v io u s
year.
I n a ll t r a d e s t a k e n c o ll e c t i v e l y t h e in c r e a s e in w e e k ly w a g
ra tes o n M a y 15, 191 7 , o v e r M a y 15, 1 916, w a s 6 p e r c e n t ; o v e r 1 914,
11 p e r c e n t ; o v e r 1 9 1 3 , 1 2 p e r c e n t ; o v e r 1 9 1 0 , 1 8 p e r c e n t ; a n d o v e r
1907, 23 p er cen t.
W h ile w a g e r a te s h a v e b e e n in c r e a s in g th e r e h a s b e e n a s lig h
d e cr e a s e in w o r k in g tim e .
I n 1 9 1 7 th e r e g u la r h o u r s o f la b o r h a
d e c r e a s e d a l it t le le s s t h a n o n e - h a lf o f 1 p e r c e n t a s c o m p a r e d w it h
1 9 1 6 ; 1 p e r c e n t a s c o m p a r e d w it h 1 9 1 4 ; 2 p e r c e n t as w it h 1 9 1 3
3 p e r c e n t as w it h 1 9 1 0 ; a n d 4 p e r c e n t as w it h 190 7 .
R a t e s o f w a g e s p e r h o u r a d v a n c e d m o r e th a n w e e k ly w a g e ra te s
b e c a u s e o f th e s lig h t r e d u c t io n in h o u r s .
T a k e n c o lle c t iv e ly , ra te
p e r h o u r in 1 9 1 7 w e r e 7 p e r c e n t h ig h e r t h a n in 1 9 1 6 ; 12 p e r c e n
h ig h e r t h a n in 1 9 1 4 ; 14 p e r c e n t h ig h e r t h a n in 1 9 1 3 ; 21 p e r c e n
h ig h e r t h a n in 1 9 1 0 ; a n d 2 7 p e r c e n t h ig h e r t h a n in 1 9 0 7 .
O f 105 tr a d e s a n d o c c u p a t io n s , o r s u b d iv is io n s a n d g r o u p s o f tr a d e s
a n d o c c u p a t io n s , h e r e in r e p o r t e d , 1 0 4 r e c e iv e d a n a v e r a g e in c r e a s e in
w 'e e k l y r a t e s i n 1 9 1 7 a s c o m p a r e d w i t h 1 9 1 6 a n d 1 h a d n o c h a n g e .
T h e b a k e r y tr a d e s c o lle c t iv e ly r e c e iv e d a n in c r e a s e o f 8 p e r c e n t
A l l o f t h e 1 7 b r e w e r y a n d b o t t l i n g - h o u s e o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d in t h is
r e p o r t r e c e iv e d a n in c r e a s e r a n g in g fr o m 1 t o 7 p e r c e n t.
T h ir ty
e ig h t o f th e 3 9 b u ild in g tr a d e s lis te d r e c e iv e d a n in c r e a s e o f fr o m
1 t o 11 p e r c e n t , t h e o t h e r , m a r b l e s e t t e r s , r e m a i n e d a t t h e r a t e p a i d
in 1 9 1 6 .
C h a u ffe u r s r e c e iv e d 5 p e r c e n t , te a m s te r s a n d d r iv e r s 6 p e r
c e n t, a n d t h o s e in th e m is c e lla n e o u s g r o u p o f o c c u p a t io n s w it h in th e
c h a u ffe u r s , te a m s te r s a n d d r iv e r s ’ u n io n s a 2 p e r c e n t in c r e a s e in
w e e k ly ra te s .
F r e ig h t h a n d le r s r e c e iv e d a n in c r e a s e o f 2 p e r c e n t
G ra n ite c u tte r s h a d a n in c re a s e o f 4 p e r c e n t, a n d s to n e c u tte r
5 p er cen t.
A ll th e m e t a l t r a d e s m a d e g a in s r a n g in g f r o m 6 p e




5

6

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

c e n t f o r b o i l e r m a k e r s 7 h e lp e r s t o 13 p e r c e n t f o r c o r e m a k e r s
M illw o r k c a r p e n t e r s h a d a n in c r e a s e o f 5 p e r c e n t , g la z ie r s 7 p e r c e n t ,
a n d m illw o r k p a in t e r s (h a r d w o o d fin is h e r s ) 1 p e r c e n t .
In b o o k and
j o b p r in t in g t h e in c r e a s e s r a n g e d f r o m 1 p e r c e n t f o r m a c h in e t e n d e r s
a n d m a c h in is t o p e r a to r s to 9 p e r c e n t fo r p h o to -e n g r a v e r s .
In
n e w s p a p e r p r in t in g tra d e s th e in c re a s e s r a n g e d fr o m 1 p e r c e n t fo r
m a c h in e te n d e r s o n n ig h t w o r k , a n d p r e s s m e n (w e b p r e s s e s ) o n n ig h t
w o rk , to 5 p e r c e n t fo r p h o to -e n g r a v e rs o n d a y w o r k .
In th e s o ftd r in k e s ta b lis h m e n t g r o u p s th e in c r e a s e s r a n g e d fr o m 5 t o 10 p e r
c e n t in th e s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n s .
T h e la r g e s t g a in s a re s h o w n in th e
g ro u p o f m e ta l tra d es.
C o r e m a k e r s r e c e iv e d a n in c r e a s e o f 13 p e r
c e n t o v e r 1 9 1 6 , ir o n m o ld e r s a n d p a tte r n m a k e rs e a c h r e c e iv e d a n
in c r e a s e o f 12 p e r c e n t , a n d t h e g r o u p a s a w h o le g a in e d 1 0 p e r c e n t
o v e r th e r a te s p e r w e e k p a id in 1 9 1 6 .
T h is s u b s t a n t ia l g a in m a y b e
a t t r ib u t e d t o th e g r e a t in c r e a s e in th e v o lu m e o f m a c h in e -s h o p w o r k
th ro u g h o u t th e c o u n tr y , b o t h o n w a r o rd e rs a n d fo r o th e r u ses,
c a u s in g a s h a r p d e m a n d f o r m a c h in is t s a n d o t h e r m e t a l w o r k e r s .
T h e h o u r s p e r w e e k a r e s t a t e d in t h is r e p o r t f o r 1 0 7 t r a d e s a n d
o c c u p a t io n s , o r s u b d iv is io n s a n d g r o u p s o f tr a d e s a n d o c c u p a t io n s .
O f t h is n u m b e r 3 4 h a d a r e d u c t io n o f h o u r s b e t w e e n M a y 1 5 , 1 9 1 6 ,
a n d M a y 16, 1 9 1 7 , a n d 71 h a d n o c h a n g e .
T w o p ie c e w o r k o c c u p a ­
tio n s h a d a n in c r e a s e o f 2 p e r c e n t in w o r k in g h o u r s .
T h e fo r e g o in g s ta te m e n ts a p p ly to e a c h tr a d e , o r s u b d iv is io n o r
g r o u p , c o lle c t iv e ly .
T h e y m u st n o t b e u n d e rsto o d , h o w e v e r, as
a p p l y i n g t o e a c h a n d e v e r y l o c a l u n i o n i n t h e t r a d e ..
T h e r e a r e 6 ,9 7 0 w a g e q u o t a t i o n s t a b u la t e d f o r 1 9 1 7 , o f w h ic h 2 9 4
s h o w n o c o m p a r a b le d a t a f o r 1 9 1 6 , e ith e r b e c a u s e th e r e w e r e n o
e f f e c t i v e s c a le s in 1 9 1 6 o r b e c a u s e t h e u n io n s w e r e n o t t h e n o r g a n iz e d .
O f t h e 6 ,6 7 6 s c a le s f o r w h ic h t h e r e w e r e c o m p a r a b l e d a t a f o r 1 9 1 6 ,
3 ,0 4 6 h a d n o t c h a n g e d d u r in g th e y e a r , a n d 3 ,6 3 0 h a d c h a n g e d
in ra te s o r h o u rs , o r in b o t h o f th e se ite m s .
T h ere are o n ly 42
in s t a n c e s o f a r e d u c t io n in w e e k ly e a r n in g s in 1 9 1 7 a s c o m p a r e d w it h
1 9 1 6 , 16 in s ta n c e s o f r e d u c t io n s in ra te s p e r h o u r , a n d 32 in s ta n c e s o f
a n in c r e a s e in h o u r s o f la b o r .
O f th e 3 2 in s ta n c e s o f in c r e a s e in h o u r s
o f la b o r , 16 o c c u r r e d in th e c h a u ffe u r s , te a m s te r s a n d d r iv e r s ’ u n io n s ,
6 in th e m e ta l tra d e s , 5 in th e b u ild in g tra d e s , 3 in n e w s p a p e r p r in tin g
t r a d e s , 1 in th e b o o k a n d j o b p r in t in g tr a d e s , a n d 1 in th e b r e w e r y
a n d b o t t lin g -h o u s e w o r k m e n ’ s o r g a n iz a tio n s .
W h ile th e in c r e a s e in th e r a te s o f w a g e s o f o r g a n iz e d l a b o r in 1 9 1 7
o v e r 1 9 1 6 w a s g r e a te r th a n th e in c re a s e in a n y o t h e r o n e -y e a r in t e r v a l
a s fa r b a c k as 1 9 0 7 , th e in c r e a s e in 1 9 1 7 fe ll s h o r t o f th e in c r e a s e in
th e r e ta il p r ic e o f f o o d in th e y e a r .
I n 1 9 1 7 t h e y e a r l y a v e r a g e r e t a il
p r ic e o f f o o d as a w h o le w a s 2 8 p e r c e n t h ig h e r th a n in 1 9 1 6 , 4 5 p e r
c e n t h ig h e r th a n in 1 9 1 5 , 4 6 p e r c e n t h ig h e r th a n in 1 9 1 3 , 5 7 p e r c e n t




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

7

h ig h e r th a n in 1 9 1 0 , a n d 78 p e r c e n t h ig h e r t h a n in 1 9 0 7 .
A s r e t a il
p rice s o f fo o d in c re a s e d to a g r e a te r e x t e n t th a n w a g e s th e p u r c h a s in g
p o w e r o f w a g e s c o n s e q u e n t ly w a s r e d u c e d .
F ro m 1912 to 1915
in c lu s iv e , w a g e s m a in t a in e d p r a c t ic a lly a u n ifo r m p u r c h a s in g p o w e r ,
m e a s u r e d in fo o d , b u t th e a b n o r m a l c o n d it io n s o f 1 9 1 6 , w h ile a d v a n c ­
i n g w a g e s c a le s o v e r 1 9 1 5 , in c r e a s e d r e t a il p r ic e s o f f o o d s o m u c h m o r e
t h a t t h e p u r c h a s i n g p o w e r o f w a g e s d e c l i n e d 7\ bpoeur t c e n t i n
a
1 91 6 as c o m p a r e d w it h 1 915.
I n 1 9 1 7 w a g e s c a le s w e r e s t ill f u r t h e r
a d v a n c e d b u t r e t a il p r ic e s o f f o o d in c r e a s e d s u ffic ie n t ly t o r e d u c e
t h e p u r c h a s i n g p o w e r o f w a g e s a b o u tp e r c e n t i n t h e y e a r .
17i
The
fig u r e s c o m p a r in g w a g e s a n d r e t a il p r ic e s a re g iv e n o n p a g e s 61 t o 7 3 .
T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s in T a b le A , p a g e s 7 4 t o 3 1 3 , t h e u n io n s c a le s
o f w a g e s a n d h o u r s o f l a b o r p r e v a ilin g o n M a y 15, 1 9 1 7 , o f 8 0 3 ,0 9 5
u n io n m e m b e r s in th e p r in c ip a l tr a d e s a n d o c c u p a t io n s in 5 6 im p o r ­
t a n t in d u s t r ia l c it ie s in th e U n it e d S ta te s .
F o r r e a d y c o m p a r is o n
d iff e r e n t s c a le s p r e v a ilin g o n M a y 15, 1 9 1 6 , a r e s h o w n in p a r a lle l
c o l u m n s . In cases where the scales on May 15 , 1916 , were identical
with those prevailing on May 15 , 191 7 , the 1916 figures are not printed .
This omission enables the reader to see at a glance whether a change
occurred without reading all figures fo r both years.

T h is is t h e s i x t h b u lle t in p u b lis h e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a ­
t is t ic s o n t h e s u b j e c t o f u n io n s c a le s o f w a g e s a n d h o u r s o f la b o r .
T h e s c a le s f o r 3 9 c it ie s a s p r e v a i li n g o n M a y 15 o f e a c h y e a r f r o m
1 9 0 7 t o 1 912 w e r e p u b lis h e d in B u lle t in N o . 131.
I n B u lle t in N o . 143
w e r e p u b lis h e d t h e s c a le s f o r 4 0 c it ie s o n M a y 1 5 , 1 9 1 3 ; in B u lle t in
N o . 1 7 1 w e r e p u b l i s h e d t h e s c a l e s f o r 4 1 c i t i e s o n M a y 1, 1 9 1 4 ; i n
B u l l e t i n N o . 1 9 4 w e r e p u b l i s h e d t h e s c a l e s f o r 4 7 c i t i e s o n M a y 1,
1 9 1 5 ; a n d in B u lle t in N o . 2 1 4 w e r e p u b lis h e d t h e s c a le s f o r 4 8 c it ie s
o n M a y 15, 1916.
T h e t r a d e s a n d o c c u p a t i o n s c o v e r e d a r e d i v i d e d i n t o 11 g r o u p s , a s
fo llo w s :
Bakery trades.
Brewery and bottling-house workmen
Building trades.
Chauffeurs, teamsters, and drivers.
Freight handlers.
Granite and stone trades.

Metal trades.
Mill work.
Printing and publishing: Book and job.
Printing and publishing: Newspaper.
Soft-drink establishment employees.

T h e 5 6 c it ie s in c lu d e d in t h is r e p o r t a r e l o c a t e d in 3 5 S t a t e s .
The
c it ie s s e le c t e d a re g e n e r a lly t h e la r g e s t in t h e ir r e s p e c t iv e s e c t io n s
o f th e c o u n tr y .
W it h in th e s e 5 6 c it ie s liv e m o r e t h a n o n e -f ift h o
th e t o t a l p o p u la t io n , n e a r ly o n e -h a lf o f th e u r b a n p o p u la t io n , a n d
m o re th a n o n e -th ir d o f th e to ta l n u m b e r o f p e rs o n s e n g a g e d i
g a in fu l o c c u p a t io n s , n o t in c lu d in g t h o s e in a g r ic u ltu r a l p u r s u it s , in
c o n t in e n t a l U n it e d S ta te s .




8

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T h e c itie s in c lu d e d a re as fo l l o w s :
North Atlantic division:
Boston, Mass.
*Bridgeport, Conn.
Buffalo, N. Y .
Fall River, Mass.
Manchester, N. H.
Newark, N. J.
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, Pa.
Providence, R. I.
*Rochester, N. Y .
Scranton, Pa.
*Springfield, Mass.
*
Worcester, Mass.
South Atlantic D ivision:
Atlanta, Ga.
Baltimore, Md.
Charleston, S. C.
Jacksonville, Fla.
Richmond, Va.
Washington, D. C.
North Central division:
Chicago, 111.
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cleveland, Ohio.
*Columbus, Ohio.
*Davenport, Iowa.
*Des Moines, Iowa.
Detroit, Mich.

North Central division— Concluded.
* Grand Rapids, Mich.
Indianapolis, Ind.
Kansas City, Mo.
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
*Moline, HI.
Omaha, Nebr.
*Peoria, 111.
“ Rock Island, 111.
St. Louis, Mo.
*St. Paul, Minn.
*Wichita, Kans.
South Central division:
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, Tex.
^Houston, Tex.
Little Rock, Ark.
Louisville, K y.
Memphis, Tenn.
*Nashville, Tenn.
New Orleans, La.
Western division:
*Butte, Mont.
Denver, Colo.
Los Angeles, Cal.
Portland, Oreg.
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Cal.
Seattle, W ash.
T
* Spokane, Wash.

T h e a s te r is k s in t h e p r e c e d in g lis t i n d ic a t e t h e c it ie s a d d e d s in c e th e
fir s t r e p o r t.
U n d e r e a c h t r a d e in t h e g e n e r a l t a b le th e c it ie s a p p e a r
in t h e o r d e r a s lis te d .
T h e s e v e r a l t r a d e s a n d o c c u p a t io n s f o r w h ic h th e u n io n s c a le s a re
g i v e n in t h is b u lle t in a r e s h o w n in t h e t a b le n e x t f o l l o w i n g :
A few trades not appearing in Bulletin No. 131 were added in
Bulletin No. 143. In Bulletin No. 171 the scope of the inquiry was
materially enlarged, four new groups of occupations being included:
Brewery and bottling-house workmen; chauffeurs, teamsters, and
drivers; freight handlers; and soft-drink establishment employees.
A f e w t r a d e s w e r e a d d e d i n B u l l e t i n 194, o a f e w i n B u l l e t i n
N .
N o . 214, a n d i n t h i s b u l l e t i n f o u r t r a d e s h a v e b e e n i n c l u d e d f o r t h e

f i r s t t i m e — m o s a i c a n d t e r r a z z o w -o r k e r s , s h i p c a r p e n t e r s , g l a z i e r s , a n d
p h o to -e n g r a v e rs .
T h e ta b le th a t fo llo w s s h o w s fo r e a c h tr a d e a n d fo r e a c h y e a r f o r
w h ic h d a t a a re a v a ila b le th e p e r c e n t o f in c r e a s e in r a te s o f w a g e s p e r
w e e k o n f u l l t i m e 1917, a s c o m p a r e d w i t h e a c h o f 10 e e a r s
in
th y
p r e c e d i n g , i n a ll c i t i e s c o v e r e d , t a k e n c o l l e c t i v e l y .




9

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e 1 .—

PER CENT OF INCREASE IN RATES OF WAGES PER WEEK FULL TIME,
1917 COMPARED WITH EACH OF THE 10 YEARS PRECEDING.
Per cent higher in 1917 than inOccupation.
1907

1908 1909

1910 1911

1912

1913 ! 1914

1915

1916

BAKERY TRAD
ES.
Bakers.................................................
BREWERY AN BO
D TTLIN O SE
G-H U
W
ORKM
EN.
Bottlers................................................
Brewers................................................
Chauffeurs and drivers........................
Coopers................................................
Elevator men......................................
Engineers.............................................
Firemen...............................................
Labelers, bottle beer............................
Laborers..............................................
Maltsters..............................................
Oilers...................................................
Packers, bottle beer.............................
Stablemen............................................
Washers...............................................
W ashhousemen...................................
Watchmen...........................................
Miscellaneous occupations...................

34

0)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
0)
G)
G)
(!)
0)
0)
G)

31

26

24

G)
G)
G)
G)
0)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
(0
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)

20

18

14

13
10
10
11
7
9
8
16
11
6
8
8
13
9
10
10
11

12

11

10
8
8
10
5
7
6
14
9
5
6
6
10
8
9
9
10

6
7
7
10
5
6
5
11
7
4
4
6
9
8
7
8
6

5
5
5
7
5
5
3
6
2
2
1
3
6
1
5
5
3

7
4
3
12
12
5
9
5
5
10
6
8
9
7
5
15
7
9
6
(2
)
6

5
3
3
7
9
4
8
5
4
6
5
1
6
5
5
11
6
7
4
(?)
6
5
3
1
4
3
7
3
^
9
5
4
6

G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)

G)

G)

G)

G)

G)

!

8

BU
ILDING TRADES.
Asbestos workers.................................
Bricklayers..........................................
Bricklayers, sewer, tunnel, and caisson
Building laborers.................................
Carpenters...........................................
Carpenters, millwrights.......................
Carpenters, parquetry-floor layers.......
Cement finishers..................................
Cement finishers’ helpers.....................
Cement finishers’ laborers...................
Composition roofers.............................
Composition roofers’ helpers................
Elevator constructors..........................
Elevator constructors’ helpers.............
Engineers, portable and hoisting........
Hod carriers.........................................
Inside wiremen....................................
Inside wiremen, fixture hanger...........
Lathers................................................
Marble-setters......................................
Marble-setters’ helpers.........................
Mosaic and terrazzo workers...............
Painters...............................................
Painters, fresco....................................
Painters, sign......................................
Plasterers............................................
Plasterers’ laborers..............................
Plumbers and gas fitters.....................
Sheet-metal workers............................
Ship carpenters...................................
Slate and tile roofers............................
Steam fitters........................................
Steam fitters’ helpers..........................
Stone masons.......................................
Structural-iron workers.......................
Structural-iron workers, finishers........
Structural-iron workers, finishers’ helpers
Tile layers...............................................
Tile layers’ helpers.................................

0)

G)

G)

G)

0)

G)

G)

G)

G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)

G)
G)
G)
G)
C
1)

G)
G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
0)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)

(1)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)

G)

0)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

0)
G)

G)

G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

10

19
25

15
21
28

20
25
12

33
10
21
16
27

G)
G)

24
33
15
21
0)

10

19
24

16
20
30

20
18
11

29

11
16
15
24
0)
23
31
14
20

9

19
23
13
15
16

20
18
11

28

10
15
13
23
20
30
13
19

9

18
20

12
13
14

19
16
10

24
9
15 i
13
19
17
22
14
16 I

10
18
19

8
7
14

18
15
17
9

22
9
15
9
16
13
19
14
13

G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)

G)

0)

G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)

G)

G)

G)

G)

G)

G)
G)
G)

8
3
16
16

8
7
13

8
18
14
17
11
9
13
21
17
7
14
9
15

12
15
13
12
10
10
11
10

6
3
12
15
16
6
5
9

6
17
12
14
9
2
7
16
16
6
6
11
5
11

G)
G)

4
3
11
13
10
6
5
10
8
8
9
8
5
15
9
9
7
1
6

G)

12
12
6
5
9
5
7

G)

9
12
9
9
8
8
6
8

12
8
11
6
7
6
8
5
7

9
12
7

8
10
5

G)

12
12
6
5
9
4
5

G)

i
1
!

;
i
7!

6

81
5
7\
6
8!
5
5

4

6
5
7
4
2

CH FFEU TEAM
AU
RS,
STERS, AN DRIVERS.
D
Chauffeurs..............................................
Teamsters and drivers............................
Miscellaneous occupations......................

G)

FREIGHT HANDLERS.
Freight handlers.....................................
1 No data.




G)
G)
G)

|
1 19 ! i6
2 No change.
G)

8j
10
5

5
6
2

16

2

10

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able 1.—PER CENT OF INCREASE IN RATES OF WAGES PER WEEK, FULL TIME,
1917 COMPARED WITH EACH OF THE 10 YEARS PRECEDING—Concluded.
Per cent higher in 1917 than i n Occupation.
1907

1908 1909 1910 1911

1912 1913

1914

1915

1916

GRAN
JTE AN STO E TRADES.
D
N
Granite cutters........................................
Stonecutters............................................

18
14

18
14

16
14

15
14

15
13

14
13

9
10

9
6

8
5

4
5

23
41
27
27
42
33

20
29
25
27
42
31

19
28
24
27
43
30

16
22
19
24
36
26

16
22
12
20
30
24

14
22
12
12
29
24

12
19
11
11
21
23
17
16
20
19

10
17
10
11
20
21
17
16
19
19

9
15
10
11
19
21
17
15
19
19

7
11
7
6
13
9
9
10
12
12

8
13

5
7
.
1

7
5

9
7
4

7
6
2

10
8
3
3
3

7
6
3
3
3

4
3
3
1
1
9
5
2
5

M
ETAL TRADES.
Blacksmiths............................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers..............................
Boiler makers..........................................
Boiler makers’ helpers............................
Core makers............................................
Machinists...............................................
Machinists’ helpers.................................
Metal polishers and buffers.....................
Molders, iron...........................................
Pattern makers, wood............................
M
ILLW
ORK.
Carpenters...............................................
Glaziers...................................................
Painters,hardwood finishers..................
PRINTING AND PU
BLISHING: BOOK AN
D
JOB.
Bindery women......................................
Bookbinders...........................................
Compositors............................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders................
Finishers and molders.....................
Linotype operators.................................
Machine tenders.....................................
Machinist operators................................
Photo-engravers......................................
Press feeders...........................................
Pressmen, cylinder..................................
Pressmen, platen....................................

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)

G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)

C
1)
C)
G)

G)

G)

G)

G)

G)

G)

14
15

0)
12
12

G)

G)

27
21
11

21
15
9
C
1)

34
32

16
21

34
22
13
G)
G)
G)

23
20
19

35
30

15
20

34
22
13
G)
G)
G)

22
20
19

35
28

14
20

33
22
13
G)
G)
G)

21
12
17

29
26

G)
G)
G)

19
11
15

27
25

G)
G)

14
9
13

26
23

7

8
23

11
10
18
14
7
5

G)
G)

12
7
11

22

8
7

15
12
4
4
4
G)

10
6
9

9
G)

18

G)

G)

G)

7
3
8

G)

7
3
7

PRINTING AN PU
D BLISH G: NEW
IN
SPAPER.
Compositors, daywork............................
Compositors,night work........................
Linotype operators, daywork.................
Linotype operators, night work.............
Machine tenders, daywork.....................
Machine tenders, night work..................
Machinist operators, daywork................
Machinist operators, night work.............
Photo-engravers, daywork.....................
Photo-engravers, night work..................
Pressmen, web presses, daywork...........
Pressmen, web presses, night work........
Stereotypers, daywork...........................
Stereotypers, night work........................

17
11
15
11
G)
(1)
0)
(1)
G)
G)

17
8

20
15

16
11
12
10

15
10
12
10

12
8
10
8

9
7
8
7

7
5
7
6
3
2

G)
G)
G)
0)
G)
0)

G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
C
1)

G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)

G)
G)
G)

15
8
17
14

14
8
15
13

9
7
13
12

8
7
13
12

6
5
11
11

5
4
5
4
2
2
4
3
G)
G)

4
3
4
4
2
2
4
3
G)
G)

4
4
3
3
5 * 4
4
3

3
2
3
3
2
1
4
3
G)
G)

3
2
4
3

3
2
3
3
2
1
2
3
5
4
2
1
3
2

SOFT-DRINKESTABLISHM TEM
EN
PLOYEES.
Bottlers...................................................
Chauffeurs and drivers...........................
Miscellaneous occupations.......................

G)
G)
G)

13
12
25

12
12
18

9
10

1 15

5
10
9

1No date.

T h e u n io n , s c a l e , a s t h e t e r m is h e r e u s e d , i s a s t a t e m e n t , e i t h e r
w r itte n o r d e fin ite ly u n d e r s t o o d , o f w a g e s a n d h o u r s o f la b o r a g re e d
to o r a c c e p te d b y an o r g a n iz a tio n o f u n io n m e n a n d a n e m p lo y e r o r
g r o u p o f e m p lo y e rs , u n d e r w h ic h a g re e m e n t, e x p re s s o r im p lie d
u n io n m e n a c t u a lly w o r k .
T h e u n io n s c a le u s u a lly fix e s t h e l im i
in o n ly o n e d ir e c t io n .
I t se ts a m in im u m w a g e a n d a m a x im u m




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

11

o f h o u r s f o r a r e g u la r d a y ’ s w o r k .
T h is r e p o r t s h o w s s u c h m in im u m
w a g e a n d m a x im u m h o u r s a s a re e s t a b lis h e d b y t h e a g r e e d s c a le .
I n c e r t a in c it ie s a n d t r a d e s , h o w e v e r , s o m e w o r k m e n , a n d , in s o m e
fe w in s t a n c e s , a ll o r n e a r ly a ll w o r k m e n , a c t u a lly a r e p a id m o r e th a n
t h e s c a le , a n d , in s o m e in s t a n c e s , e m p lo y e e s w o r k le s s t h a n t h e s c a le
h ou rs.
T h is r e p o r t d o e s n o t in c lu d e in fo r m a t io n a s t o th e a m o u n t
r e c e iv e d a b o v e t h e s c a le b y w o r k m e n in a n y t r a d e o r l o c a lit y , o w in g
t o t h e a m o u n t o f w o r k t h a t w o u ld b e r e q u ir e d t o c o lle c t s u c h in f o r ­
m a tio n .
A s a g e n e r a l r u le th e u n io n s c a le r e p r e s e n t s t h e p r e v a ilin g
w a g e o f a l o c a li t y f o r e ffic ie n t la b o r .
A c o m p ila t io n o f d a ta g a th e r e d as to th e e s tim a te d n u m b e r o f
m e m b e r s r e c e iv in g t h e s c a le a n d m o r e o r le s s t h a n t h e s c a le in 1 9 1 7
h a s b e e n m a d e f o r tw o tr a d e s — m a c h in is t s a n d n e w s p a p e r c o m ­
p o s ito r s .
T h e fig u r e s f o l l o w :
Machinists:
Manufacturing and jobbing shops—
Per cent.
Receiving the scale............................................................ 64.2
Receiving more than the scale........................................ 35.3
Receiving less than the scale..........................................
0.5
Railroad shops—
Receiving the scale............................................................ 90.5
Receiving more than the scale........................................
9.4
0.1
Receiving less than the scale..........................................
Compositors, newspaper:
Recei ving the scale................... *....................................... 90.1
Receiving more than the scale........................................
9.8
Receiving less than the scale..........................................
0.1

A g r e e m e n ts s o m e t im e s p r o v id e th a t o ld o r in fir m m e n m a y w o r k
f o r le s s t h a n t h e s c a l e .
I n th e p r in tin g tra d e s o f c o m p o s it o r a n d lin o t y p e o p e r a to r c o n ­
t r a c ts a re fo u n d in c e r t a in c itie s in w h ic h th e r e a re m a x im u m h o u r s
sta ted th a t m a y n o t b e e x ce e d e d e x c e p t b y p a y m e n t o f an o v e r tim e
ra te , a n d a m in im u m o f h o u r s f o r w h ic h w o r k m u s t b e p r o v id e d o r
p a y m e n t m a d e w h en a m a n u n d erta k es a d a y ’s w o rk .
W h en su ch
c o n t r a c t e x is ts th e r e m a y b e fu r t h e r a c o m m o n ly a c c e p t e d w o r k in g
t im e , w it h in t h e lim it s p r o v id e d , s o w e ll e s t a b lis h e d t h a t s u c h t im e
is in e f f e c t t h e s t a n d a r d w o r k in g - d a y .
I n s u c h in s ta n c e s th e t a b u ­
la t io n s h o w s s u c h a c t u a l w o r k in g h o u r s , a n d n o t e s s ta te th e m a x i ­
m u m a n d m in im u m h o u rs .
I t w a s s o m e tim e s fo u n d th a t a u n io n h a d a sk e d fo r a c e r ta in s ta n d a r d
s c a le b u t h a d n o t a c t u a lly o b t a in e d it o r h a d o b t a in e d it f o r o n ly
a p a r t o f its m e m b e r s .
N o s c a le is p u b lis h e d h e r e u n le s s it w a s s o fa r
e s t a b lis h e d t h a t a t le a s t 5 0 p e r c e n t o f t h e m e m b e r s o f t h e u n io n
w e r e r e c e iv in g t h e s c a le , o r a b o v e it .
I n fo r m a t io n o b t a in e d o n t h is
q u e s tio n in d ic a t e s t h a t a n in s ig n ific a n t n u m b e r o f u n io n m e m b e r s w e r e
w o r k in g f o r le s s t h a n t h e s c a le , w h ile a c o n s id e r a b le n u m b e r w e r e r e ­




12

B ULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

c e iv i n g m o r e t h a n t h e s c a le , a s m e n t io n e d a b o v e .
S o m e tra d es w ere
n o t o r g a n iz e d in c e r t a in c it ie s , a n d s o m e w e r e o r g a n iz e d o n l y in p a r t .
W h e n o r g a n iz e d in p a r t , w it h a s c a le in f o r c e f o r s u c h m e n a s w e r e
o r g a n iz e d , th e s c a le is p u b lis h e d .
T h e u n io n s c a le s p r e s e n t e d in t h is r e p o r t a r e a lm o s t e n t ir e ly t i m e r a t e s c a le s .
P ie c e - r a t e s c a le s a r e p u b lis h e d f o r c o m p o s i t o r s , l i n o t y p e
o p e r a t o r s , a n d la th e r s o n ly .
T h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e s im p le u n its o f
p a y m e n t w h ic h are c o m m o n ly u n d e r s to o d .
S o m e tra d e s , e s p e c ia lly
th e m e ta l tra d e s , w o r k to a c o n s id e r a b le e x t e n t o n p ie c e ra te s .
S u ch
ra te s a re s o g r e a t in n u m b e r a n d th e u n its o f p a y m e n t so v a r ia b l
t h a t i t is n o t p r a c t i c a b l e t o q u o t e t h e m .
T h e e a r n in g s a t p ie c e r a te s
u s u a lly e x c e e d t h e fu ll-t im e e a r n in g s a t t h e t im e r a te s o f t h e t r a d e .
F o r lo c a litie s w h e re p ie c e ra te s p r e v a il a lm o s t e x c lu s iv e ly a n d th
t i m e r a t e p r o v i d e d f o r i n t h e s c a l e is o n l y i n f r e q u e n t l y p a i d , s u c
t im e r a te h a s n o t b e e n ta b u la te d .
T h e t e r m s o f t im e - r a t e s c a le s a s a g r e e d t o b y e m p lo y e r s a n d t r a d e u n io n s s ta te w a g e s f o r d iffe r e n t u n its o f tim e .
S o m e s c a le s d e s ig n a t e
th e ra tes o f w a g e s b y th e h o u r, o th e rs b y th e d a y , w eek , o r m o n th
T o m a k e c o m p a r is o n e a sy , th e v a r y in g ra te s h a v e b e e n r e d u c e d to
b o t h an h o u r ly r a te a n d a w e e k ly ra te .
T h e g e n e ra l ta b le s h o w s th e ra te s o f w a g e s p e r h o u r , th e r a te s p e r
w e e k , fu ll tim e , th e r a te s f o r o v e r tim e , S u n d a y , a n d h o lid a y w o r k , th e
r e g u la r h o u rs fo r a fu ll d a y , f o r S a tu r d a y , a n d f o r a fu ll w e e k , a n d
th e n u m b e r o f m o n t h s in th e y e a r in w h ic h th e r e w a s a S a t u r d a y h a lf
h o lid a y .
W h e n fo r a p e r io d o f m o r e th a n th re e m o n th s o f th e y e a
th e n u m b e r o f h o u r s d iffe r e d f r o m t h o s e s h o w n f o r M a y , th e d iffe r
e n c e h a s b e e n n o t e d in th e ta b le .
A ll in fo r m a t io n h e r e p u b lis h e d w a s o b t a in e d b y s p e c ia l a g e n ts o f
t h is b u r e a u in p e r s o n a l v is it s t o b u s in e s s a g e n t s a n d s e c r e t a r ie s o f t h e
r e s p e c t iv e u n io n s in th e s e v e r a l c it ie s , e x c e p t in M a s s a c h u s e t ts a n d
O h io .
T h e l a b o r b u r e a u s o f t h e s e twT S t a t e s c o l l e c t u n i o n w a g e s c a l e
o
fig u r e s a n d p u b lis h r e p o r t s o n th e s u b je c t .
T o a v o id d u p lic a t io n o
fie ld w o r k th e s e S t a t e b u r e a u s c o n s e n t e d t o fu r n is h c o p ie s o f s o m u c h
o f t h e ir o r ig in a l d a t a a s w a s d e s ir e d b y t h is o ffic e .
A ll o f th e m a te ria l
c o lle c t e d b y th e O h io b u r e a u w a s o b t a in e d b y p e rs o n a l v is its
s p e c ia l a g e n ts .
T h e M a s s a c h u s e tts b u r e a u c o lle c t e d its d a t a in p a r t
b y c o r r e s p o n d e n c e a n d in p a r t b y s e n d in g o u t s p e c ia l a g e n ts .
I
t h e w o r k o f t h is b u r e a u a n d o f t h e t w o S t a t e b u r e a u s w a g e s c a le s
w r itte n a g re e m e n ts, a n d tr a d e -u n io n r e c o r d s w e re c o n s u lte d w h e r e v e r
a v a ila b le .
T h e fie ld w o r k in v o l v e d a n in t e r v ie w w it h t h e o ffic ia ls o
a b o u t 2 ,0 0 0 l o c a l u n io n s .
I n m a n y in s t a n c e s t w o o r m o r e c a lls h a d
t o b e m a d e b e f o r e th e o ffic ia l s o u g h t c o u ld b e m e t.
S c a le s f o r a p p r e n t ic e s a r e n o t s h o w n , b u t s c a le s f o r h e lp e r s a r
g iv e n in a n u m b e r o f tr a d e s .
I n s o m e tra d e s th e w o r k o f h e lp e r s i
p e r fo r m e d in p a r t b y a p p r e n t ic e s .
W h e n e v e r it w a s fo u n d t h a t th




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15r 1917.

13

w o r k o f h e l p e r s is l a r g e l y d o n e b y a p p r e n t i c e s , t h e s c a l e s f o r s u c h
h e lp e r s h a v e b e e n o m it t e d .
A n in s p e c t io n o f th e g e n e ra l ta b le s h o w s a g r e a t v a r ia t io n f o r s o m e
o c c u p a t io n s in t r a d e t e r m s a n d c la s s ific a t io n s in t h e d iff e r e n t c it ie s .
F o r e x a m p le , b a k e r s in s o m e c it ie s a re c la s s e d a s fir s t h a n d s , s e c o n d
h a n d s , a n d th ir d h a n d s ; in o t h e r c itie s as m ix e r s , b e n c h m e n , o v e n
m en , etc.
I n m a n y c it ie s t h e r e a re s e p a r a t e u n io n s a n d s c a le s o
b a k e r s b a k in g d iffe r e n t k in d s o f b r e a d , as o r d in a r y b r e a d (o ft e n
k n o w n as G e rm a n b r e a d ), H e b r e w b re a d , Ita lia n b r e a d , e tc.
The
d iffe r e n c e in o c c u p a t io n n a m e m a k e s a c o m p a r is o n b e t w e e n c itie s
d iffic u lt .
I n q u ir y h a s s h o w n th a t th e te r m s fir s t h a n d , s e c o n d h a n d ,
e t c ., d o n o t c o v e r i d e n t ic a l w o r k in d iff e r e n t c it ie s w h e r e t h e s e t e r m s
are u sed .
C e r ta in w o r k m a y b e c o n s id e r e d fir s t-h a n d w o r k in o n e
c i t y a n d s e c o n d - h a n d wT r k i n a n o t h e r c i t y .
o
O f n e c e s s it y , t h is b u r e a u
h a s fo llo w e d th e t e r m in o lo g y o f e a ch c ity .
T h e r e a re a ls o g r e a t v a r ia t io n s in c la s s ific a t io n a n d in th e e x t e n t
o f s u b d iv is io n o f c h a u ffe u r s , te a m s te rs , a n d d r iv e r s , a n d o f b o o k
b in d in g , a n d p r e s s w o r k o c c u p a t io n s , m a k in g c o m p a r is o n o f c it y w it h
c i t y q u it e d if f ic u lt ; a n d s im ila r c o n d it io n s , le s s in d e g r e e , a r e f o u n d
in s e v e r a l o t h e r tr a d e s .
G e n e r a l T a b le A , p a g e s 74 t o 3 1 3 , s h o w s 3 ,6 3 0 in s t a n c e s o f c h a n g e s
in s c a le s d u r in g t h e y e a r e n d in g M a y 15, 1 9 1 7 , e it h e r a s t o w a g e r a t e s ,
o.r h o u r s , o r b o t h .
A t a b l e is h e r e g i v e n s u m m a r i z i n g t h e s e 3 , 6 3 0
c h a n g e s a s t h e y a ffe c t e d e a c h o f th e th r e e p h a s e s o f th e s c a le , w a g e s
p e r h o u r , e a r n in g s p e r w e e k , a n d h o u r s p e r w e e k .
2 .—NUMBER OF INCREASES AND DECREASES IN RATES PER HOUR, EARNINGS
PER WEEK, AND IN HOURS PER WEEK, AS INDICATED IN THE 3,630 CASES IN WHICH
CHANGES WERE MADE IN ONE OR MORE OF THESE ITEMS DURING THE YEAR
ENDING MAY 15, 1917.

Bakery trades...................................
Brewery and bottling-house work­
men ...............................................
Building trades................................
Chauffeurs, teamsters, and drivers..
Freight handlers...............................
Granite and stone trades..................
Metal trades.....................................
Millwork...........................................
Printing and publishing: Book and
job.................................................
Printing and publishing: Newspaper
Soft-drink establishment employees.

281
295
i 769
417
24
34
754
61

1
4
3

5

1
1

9

593
349
29

4349

2582

36

5

1Including 14 instances of piece rates.
2Including 1 instance of piece rates.
3Includes 2 instances of piece fates.

|Decrease.

273

29
3 16

8

285
1 750
403
24
34
748
57

19
5

11
9
12

1
5
16

9
3

7
2

6

2582
4348
29

36

5
1

19 53,533

342

55

N change. |
o

Hours per week.
Increase.

N change.
o

Decrease.

Increase.

N change.
o

Decrease.

281
296
778
420
24
34
764
62

Total....................................... 3,630 ^3,595




Earnings per week.

i

Wages per hour.
Increase.

Industry or occupation.

Total number of
scales changed.

T a bl e

47

234

59
82
59
6
1
79
15

236
691
345
18
33
679
47

1
3

4
24
8

588
322
21

32

384

3,214

4Includes 6 instances of piece rates.
&
Includes 21 instances of piece rates.

14

BU LLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

F r o m t h e f o r e g o i n g t a b l e i t is s e e n t h a t o f t h e 2 8 1 c h a n g e s r e p o r t e d
in t h e b a k e r y t r a d e s c a le s , a ll e ff e c t e d a n in c r e a s e in w a g e s p e r h o u r ;
2 7 3 r e s u lt e d in a n in c r e a s e in t h e e a r n in g s p e r w e e k , a n d 8 m a d e n o
c h a n g e in e a r n in g s , t h e in c r e a s e in t h e h o u r l y r a t e b e i n g o f f s e t b y a
r e d u c t io n in th e n u m b e r o f h o u r s w o r k e d ; a n d 4 7 p r o d u c e d a d e c r e a s e
a n d 2 3 4 n o c h a n g e in th e n u m b e r o f h o u r s p e r w e e k .
T h e oth er
ite m s o f th e ta b le a re r e a d in lik e m a n n e r .
I t is f u r t h e r s e e n t h a t f o r f i v e t r a d e g r o u p s a l l t h e c h a n g e s i n t h e
w a g e s p e r h o u r w e r e in c re a s e s , a n d th a t f o r th e s ix o t h e r tr a d e
g r o u p s th e r e w e r e c o lle c t iv e ly o n ly 16 in s ta n c e s o f d e c r e a s e s in w a g e s
p er h ou r.
F o r s i x t r a d e g r o u p s a ll t h e c h a n g e s in t h e e a r n in g s p e r
w e e k w e r e in c r e a s e s , a n d f o r fiv e t r a d e g r o u p s t h e r e w e r e c o ll e c t i v e l y
b u t 4 2 in s t a n c e s o f d e c r e a s e s in e a r n in g s .
F o r f iv e t r a d e g r o u p s a ll
th e c h a n g e s in th e h o u r s p e r w e e k w e r e d e c r e a s e s , a n d f o r s ix tr a d e
g r o u p s th e re w e r e c o lle c t iv e ly o n ly 32 in s ta n c e s o f in c re a s e s in h o u r s .
E x p r e s s e d in p e r c e n t a g e s , o f th e t o t a l o f 3 ,6 3 0 c h a n g e s , 9 9 p e r c e n t
r e s u l t e d i n i n c r e a s e s , a n d - 0 .4 p e r c e n t i n d e c r e a s e s i n t h e w a g e s p e r
h o u r ; 9 7 .3 p e r c e n t m a d e i n c r e a s e s a n d 1 .2 p e r c e n t d e c r e a s e s i n t h e
e a r n i n g s p e r w e e k ; a n d 0 .9 p e r c e n t m a d e i n c r e a s e s a n d 1 0 .6 p e r c e n t
d e c r e a s e s in th e h o u r s p e r w e e k .
I t w ill b e o b s e r v e d t h a t c o m p a r a t iv e ly fe w o f th e c h a n g e s m a d e in
t h e s c a le s a ffe c t e d h o u r s p e r w e e k , a n d t h a t w it h o n l y 3 2 e x c e p t i o n s
th e c h a n g e s m a d e w e r e r e d u c tio n s .
E a c h a g e n t in h is v i s i t t o a c i t y m a d e n o t e o f a ll c h a n g e s in s c a le s
w h ic h h a d ta k e n p la c e a ft e r M a y 15 u p t o t h e t im e o f h is v is it , a n d
e a c h u n io n o ffic ia l v is it e d w a s a s k e d t o r e p o r t b y le t t e r a n y c h a n g e s
o c c u r r in g la te r in th e y e a r .
M a n y a g re e m e n ts c o n t a in p r o v is io n s fo r c h a n g e s to ta k e p la c e o n
d a te s s u b s e q u e n t to th o s e o n w h ic h th e a g re e m e n ts w e r e m a d e , a n d
s o m e p r o v id e f o r s u c c e s s iv e c h a n g e s t o b e c o m e e ff e c t iv e a t s p e c ifie d
i n t e r v a l s u n t i l a s t a t e d l i m i t is r e a c h e d .
A ll c h a n g e s a ft e r M a y 15 in t h e y e a r 1 9 1 7 c o m in g t o th e k n o w le d g e
o f th e b u r e a u a re in d ic a t e d b y fo o t n o t e s in G e n e r a l T a b le A .
RELATIVE RATES OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR.

A ta b le o f r e la tiv e n u m b e r s (p e r c e n ta g e s ) h a s b e e n c o m p u t e d t o
s h o w f o r a ll c it ie s t a k e n c o ll e c t i v e l y t h e e x t e n t o f t h e c h a n g e s t h a t
h a v e o c c u r r e d fr o m y e a r t o y e a r in th e o c c u p a t io n s in c lu d e d in th e
rep o rt.
T o m a k e it c o n v e n ie n t t o c o m p a r e w a r c o n d it io n s w it h
n o r m a l c o n d it io n s c lo s e ly p r e c e d in g th e w a r it w a s d e e m e d d e s ir a b le
t o u s e a s th e b a s e , o r 1 0 0 , t h e fig u r e s f o r 1 9 1 3 in s t e a d o f t h e la t e s t
y e a r r e p o r te d , a s h a s b e e n th e p r a c t ic e in r e c e n t b u lle tin s o n u n io n
w ages.
O c c u p a t io n s f o r w h ic h t h e b u r e a u h a s n o fig u r e s a s fa
b a c k a s 1 9 1 3 a r e o m i t t e d f r o m t h e t a b le ., s i n c e t h e f i g u r e s f o r 1 9 1 3




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

15

are u sed as a b a se .
T h e c h a n g e in w e e k ly r a te s in s u c h o c c u p a t io n s
m a y b e f o l l o w e d , h o w e v e r , in T a b l e 1.
R e f e r r in g t o T a b le 3 , w h ic h fo llo w s , it is s e e n t h a t th e a v e r a g e r a t e
o f w a g e s p e r w e e k o n fu ll t im e f o r a ll b a k e r s in 1 9 1 7 w a s 114 p e r c e n t
o f th e a v e r a g e r a t e in 1 9 1 3 , o r 14 p e r c e n t h ig h e r .
T h e r a te in 1 9 0 7
w a s 85 p e r c e n t o f th e r a te in 1 9 1 3 ; th u s fr o m 1 9 0 7 t o 1 9 1 7 th e r e la tiv e
n u m b e r ch a n g e d fr o m 85 to 114.
T h i s e x p l a n a t i o n w i l l a p p l y t o a ll
t h e y e a r s a n d a ll t h e r e la t iv e n u m b e r s in th e ta b le .
T h e s e r e la tiv e n u m b e r s w e r e d e r iv e d fr o m t h e a c t u a l w a g e s a n d
h o u r s in a ll t h e lo c a lit ie s r e p o r t e d .
A l l fig u r e s u s e d a re f r o m lo c a l
u n io n s w h ic h s u p p lie d c o m p a r a b le d a t a .
I n m a k in g th e c o m p u ta ­
tio n s th e a c tu a l w a g e s a n d h o u r s o f e a c h tr a d e in e a c h c it y f o r 1 9 1 6
a n d 1 9 1 7 , r e s p e c t iv e ly , w e r e w e ig h t e d (m u lt ip lie d ) b y th e n u m b e r o f
u n io n m e m b e r s e m p lo y e d in th e tr a d e in th e c it y in 1 9 1 7 .
The
p r o d u c t s f o r th e s e v e r a l c itie s w e r e a d d e d t o g e t h e r f o r e a c h y e a r ,
p r o d u c in g a g g r e g a te w a g e s a n d h o u r s f o r th e tr a d e in e a c h o f th e
yea rs.
T h e p e r c e n t o f c h a n g e in th e s e a g g r e g a te s in d ic a t e s th e
c h a n g e f o r t h e t r a d e a s a w h o le in t h e y e a r .
T h is p e r c e n ta g e w a s
th e n a p p lie d to th e r e la tiv e n u m b e r f o r 1 9 1 6 , a n d p r e c e d in g y e a r s
c o m p u t e d in a s im ila r w a y , w h ic h b r in g s d o w n t o 1 9 1 7 th e r e la t iv e
n u m b e r fo r e a ch tra d e o r o c c u p a t io n so c o m p u te d .
I t s h o u ld b e b o r n e in m in d t h a t th e r e la t iv e n u m b e r s in T a b le 3 a re
p ercen ta g e s, n o t a ctu a l h o u rs o r a m o u n ts o f m o n e y .
I n s t u d y in g
t h i s t a b l e i t s th ree* p a r t s s h o u l d b e o b s e r v e d .
T h u s , r e fe r r in g a g a in
t o b a k e r s f o r i l l u s t r a t i o n , i t is s e e n t h a t t h e r e l a t i v e h o u r s p e r w e e k
d e c r e a s e d f r o m 111 in 1 9 0 7 t o 9 8 in 1 9 1 7 , a n d t h a t t h e r e la t iv e r a t e
o f w a g e s p e r h o u r in c r e a s e d fr o m 76 in 1 9 0 7 t o 1 17 in 1 9 1 7 .
The
r e d u c t io n in h o u r s p a r t ly o ffs e t s th e in c r e a s e o f w a g e s p e r h o u r ;
th u s th e r e la tiv e r a te s o f w a g e s p e r w e e k in c r e a s e d fr o m 85 in 1 9 0 7
t o 114 in 1 9 1 7 as c o m p a r e d w it h 76 t o 1 1 7 , th e in c r e a s e in th e r e la t iv e
ra tes o f w a g e s p e r h o u r.
C a u t io n s h o u ld b e u s e d in c o n s id e r in g t h e s e r e la t iv e n u m b e r s .
A
s u b t r a c t io n o f r e la tiv e n u m b e r s d o e s n o t r e p r e s e n t th e p e r c e n t o f
in c r e a s e o r d e c r e a s e b e t w e e n th e d iffe r e n t y e a r s .
F o r e x a m p le
th e r e la tiv e r a t e o f w a g e s p e r w e e k o f b a k e r s in 1 9 0 7 w a s 8 5 a s c o m ­
p a r e d w it h 114 in 1 9 1 7 , m a k in g a n in c r e a s e o f 2 9 p o in t s in th e r e la tiv e
n u m b er.
T w e n t y - n i n e is 3 4 p e r c e n t o f 8 5 , t h u s m a k i n g t h e i n c r e a s e
i n 1 9 1 7 o v e r 1 9 0 7 , 3 4 p e r c e n t , a s s h o w n i n T a b l e 1, p a g e 9 .




16

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR, STATISTICS.

T able 3 .—RELATIVE HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF WAGES
PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1917.
(.1913=100.)
Brewery and bottling-house workmen.
Bakers.

Rela- i
* ^ e^ Rela- tive i Relaa"
i M l- |™ of rate ofi ^
rate
time
per
week, hours
per
I ? !
hour. full week.
time.

Year.

190
190
190
191
191
191
191
191
191
191
191

7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

i
;
;
|
!
1
j
;
|

85
87
90
92
95
97
100
102
103
105
114

Ill
110
110
109
106
101
100
99
99
98
98

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.

..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
..........
I 100
I 100
| 99
!
98
i 98

Chauffeurs arid
drivers.

Brewers.

Bottlers.

Rela" Rela- Rcla- *Relaj tive
tive | tive
rate of I f n_ tive rate of
rate of wages
w es I time wages per
Z
w elk,! h°” s per
full w
^ek hour. full
time. weeK‘
time.

100
103
107
110
115

100
103
106
108
113

i 100
I 100
,
I
1

100
102
104
106
111

Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.

100
102
103
105
110

100
100
100
100

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.

100
102
103
105
112

100
102
103
105
110

Brewery and bottling-house workmen—Continued.
Coopers.
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1910..................
1917..................

100
100
100
100
100

100
101
101
104
111

Elevator men.
100
101
101
104
111

100
93
85
85
84

100
108
119
119
126

100
101
102
102
107

Firemen.

Engineers.
100 j
100
99
97 1
97

100
102
103
107
113

100
102
103
104
109

100
100
99
98
98

100
102
104
107
110

100
102
103
105
108

Brew^ery and bottling-house workmen—Continued.
Labelers, bottle beer.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

100
100
97
97
97

100
102
108
113
120

100
102
104
109
116

Laborers.
100
100
100
100
99

100
101
102
108
110

Maltsters.
100
101
103
109
111

100
96

100
104
115
116
120

Oilers.
100
101
103
104 I
106 |

100
100
100
100

100
102
103
107
109

100
102
103
107
108

Brewery and bottling-house workmen—Continued.
Packers, bottle beer.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

100
100
95
94
94

100
102
106
111
114

100
102
102
105
108

Stablemen.
100
100 !
100 j

100
104
105
109 !
118 :

Washers.
100
103
104
107
113

100
100
98
98

Brewery and bottling-house workmen—
Concluded.
Miscellaneous occu­
pations.

Watchmen.
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910.
1911..
1912.
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

100
101
100
100
98




100
101
102
105
114

100
101
102
105
110

100
100
100

100
101
105
109
111

100
101
105
108
111

100
101
102
110
110

Washhouse men.
100
101
101
109
109

100
100
99

100
101
104
106
111

100
101
103
105
110

Building trades.
Bricklayers, sewer,
tunnel, and cais­
son.

Bricklayers.
102
102
102
101
100
100
100
100
99
99
99

94
95
95
97
97
98
100
102
103
104
107

97
97
97
97
97
98
100
102
102
103
106

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
103

100
100
100
100
100
103

17

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b l e 3 . — RELATIVE

HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF WAGES,
PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1917—Continned.
Building trades—Continued.
Building laborers.

Year.

Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.
103
103
103
100
100
100
100
100
100
99

1907.
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
.1913.
1914
1915.
1916.
1917.

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.
90
91
91
95
95
96
100
101
101
106
117

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
week,
full
time.
93
94
94
95
95
96
100
101
100
104
112

Carpenters, parquetry-floor layers.

Carpenters.
Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.
102
101
101
101
100
100
100
100
100

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.
91
91
92
95
97
99
100
102
103
106
115

Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.

92
92
93
95
96
99
100
102
103
106
115

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.

1
1
1
I
J
100
100
100
100
100

|
i
!
I
!
100
106
107
108
120

_
_

100
106
107
108
116

Cement finishers.
Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.

102
102
102
102
101
101
100
99
99
98
97

91
91
93
94
98
98
100
101
102
103
109

93
91
94
95
98
98
100
100
101
101
106

Building trades—Continued.
Cement finishers’
helpers.
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1907.
1908.
1909.
1910
1911.
1912
1913
1914.
1915
1916
1917.

86
88
91
93
99
99
100
101
101
102
106

100
100
101
101
106

Cement finishers,
laborers.
102
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

84
83
94
9696
96
100
100
100
103
110

85
84
94
96
96
96
100
100
100
103
109

Engineers, portable
and hoisting.

I
;
!
;
j

101 i
ioo
100 !
99
99
98

98 '
100
101
101
101
106

97
ioo
101
102
103
108

Hod carriers.
102
102
102
101
101
100
100
99
99
99
99

95
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
105
117

97
97
97
98
99
99
100
101
102
105
117

Building trades— Continued.

Inside wiremen.
101
101
101
101
101
100
100
100
99
98
98

1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

89
94
94
96
97
98
100
103
105
107
114

90
95
95
96
97
98
100
103
104
106
112

Inside wiremen fix- I
ture hangers.
1

102
102
100
99
98
96
96

95
96
100
106
lOo
110
118

98
98
100
105
105
107
114

Lathers.

100
; 100
| 100
1 99
| 99
!
99

Marble-setters.
102
102
101
100
100
98 | 100
100
100
102 ! 100
103 ! 100
105
100
109
100

100
100
102
103
106
110

90
91
91
93
93
94
100
101
102
102
103

1
|
i
j
|
!

91
92
92
93
94
94
100
101
102
102
102

Building trades—Continued.

1907.
1908.
1909.
i
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

Marble-setters’ help­
ers.
I
1

i

100
100
100
100
100
100

95
100
101
101
101
107

95
100
100
100
100
107

62373°— 1 9 — B ull. 245-




Painters.
120
102
102
101
101
101
100
100
100
99
98

85
88
89
93
94
95
100
103
104
113
117

Painters, fresco.
87
90
..........
91 1
93
95
96
100
100
100
103
99
104 . 99
112
98
116
98

Painters, sign.

i
i

98
99
100
100
104
104
104 . 104
117
115
118
116
1

1

i
i
100
100
99
99
99

100
100
100
103
107

100
100
100
102
106

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

18

T a b l e 3 . — RELATIVE

HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF WAGES
PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1917—Continued.
Building trades—Continued.
Plasterers’ laborers.

Plasterers.
Year.

1907 ................
1908..................
1909 ................
1910..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913..................
1914................
1915..................
1916..................
1917..................

Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.
101
101
101
101
100
100
100
100
99
98
98

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.

Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.

96
95
96
97
97
99
100
100
100
103
106

101
101
101
101
100
100
100
100
101
100
100

95
95
95
97
97
99
100
101
101
105
108

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.
87
91
91
92
92
93
100
97
97
99
106

92
95
96
97
97
97
100
102
102
104
111

Plumbers and gas fit­ Sheet-metal workers.
ters.
Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.
101
101
101
101
101
100
100
100
100
99
99

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.
88
89
90
91
96
97
100
101
102
103
107

91
91
93
94
97
97
100
101
102
102
105

Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.
102
102
102
102
102
100
100
100
100
99
99

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
T
hour. full
time.
86
88
89
91
94
96
100
104
105
107
112

87
89
90
93
95
96
100
104
105
106
111

Building trades—Continued.
Steam fitters.
1907..................
1908..................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916..................
1917..................

102
102
102
101
101
100
100
99
99
99
98

86
87
99
92
95
96
100
102
104
106
110

Steamfitters’ helpers.
87
88
90
93
96
97
100
101
103
105
109

102
102
101
101
100
100
100
101
101
100
100

85
86
87
94
94
97
100
102
105
106
113

85
86
86
92
95
98
100
102
104
106
112

Structural-iron work­
ers.

Stonemasons.
102
102
102
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

.92
94
94
95
96
97
100
103
104
106
110

95
96
96
95
96
97
100
103
104
105
109

104
103
103
102
102
100
100
100
100
100
99

87
89
90
93
95
97
100
102
102
104
110

90
91
92
94
96
97
100
102
102
103
109

Building trades—Concluded.
Structural-iron work­ Structural-iron work­
ers, finishers.
ers, finishers’ helpers.
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916..................
1917..................

100
100
100
100
100
99

98
100
102
102
104
109

98
100
102
102
104
108

100
100
100
100
100
98

98
100
101
101
101
110

99
100
101
101
101
108

Tile layers.
100
100
100
100
99
99

95
100
101
101
103
108

Tile layers’ helpers.
96
100
101
101
102
106

100
100
100
98
98
97

98
100
101
104
108
111

98
100
101
103
106
108

Chauffeurs, teamsters, and drivers.
Teamsters and driv­
ers.

Chauffeurs.
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916..................
1917..................

100
100
99
97
96




100
101
102
106
113

100
101
101
104
109

100
100
99
99
98

100
102
103
107
114

100
102
102
106
112

Miscellaneous occutions.
100
100
100
99
96

100
101
102
105
110

100
101
102
104
107

Freight handlers.

100
100
100
100
100

100
103
103
116
119

100
103
103
117
119

19

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AND H OU RS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

T a b le 3 .— R E L A T I V E H O U R S OF L A B O R P E R W E E K A N D R E L A T I V E R A T E S O F W A G E S
P E R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K O N F U L L T I M E , 1907 T O 1917— Continued.

Granite and stone trades.

Granite cutters,

Year.

j

Rela­
Rela­
Rela­
tive !
tive
tive rate of
full­
rate of wages
time
wages
per
hours
per
week,
per
hour.
full
week.
time.

1907......................
1908......................
1909......................
1910......................
1911......................
1912.......................
1913......................
1914......................
1915......................
1916......................
1917.......................

102
102
102
102
102
101
100
100
100
100
100

91
92
93
94
94
95
100
101
101
105
109

92
93
94
95
96
100
100
101
105
109

Metal trades.

Stone cutters.

Relative
full­
time
hours
per
week.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Blacksmiths.

Blacksmiths’ helpers.

Rela­
Rela­
Rela­
!
Rela­
Rela- ; tive
Rela­
Rela­
tive
tive
tive
j
tive
tive rate of
tive rate of
full­
full­
rate of wages
rate of
rate of w ages,
time
time
wages
per |
wages
per
wages
hours
hours
per
week,
per
week,
per
per
per
j
hour. ! full |
hour.
hour.
full
week.
week.
time.
time.
1
96
96
96
97
97
98
100
104
105
106
111

96
96
96
97
97
97
100
104
105
105
110

103
103
102
102
101
101
100
100
100
99
99

88
90
92
95
95
97
100
102
102
106
114

91
93
94
97
96
98
100
102
102
105
112 :
I

103
103
102
102
101
101
100
100
100
99
98

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
week,
full
time.

82
89
91
95
96
97
100
101
104
109
122

84
92
93
97
97
98
100
101
104
107
119

Metal trades-—Continued.
Boiler makers’ help­
ers.

Boiler makers.
1907.......................
1908......................
1909......................
1910......................
1911......................
1912......................
1913......................
1914.......................
1915.......................
1916.......................
1917.......................

102
101
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
97
97

87
88
93
98
99
100
100
101
106
114

87
88
89
93
98
99
100
100
100
103
111

102
102
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
98
97

87
87
88
90
93
99
100
101
101
108
114

88
88
88
90
93
99
100
100
101
105
111

Core makers.
103
103
102
101
101
101
100
100
100
99
99

83
83
84
88
93
94
100
101
102
109
123

Machinists.
86
86
85
89
94
94
100
101
102
108
121

103
103
102
102
101
100
100
99
99
97
96

90
91
92
96
97
98
100
102
102
116
127

92
94
94
98
99
99
100
101
102
112
123

Metal trades-—Concluded.

Machinists7 helpers.
1907____________ I
1908......................................
1909...................... . ..........
1910...................... . . . . . .
1911...................... ! ...........
1912____________ . . . .
1913......................
100
1914......................
100
1915......................
100
1916......................
100
1917......................
100

100
100
100
107
118

i

100
100
100
107
117

100
100
100
97
96

100
100
101
108
120

100
100
101
105
116

Millwork.

1907..................
1908.......................!.............
1909...................... ! ...........
1910.......................! _______
1911......................
1912......................
100
1913......................
100
1914......................
97
97
1915......................
191 6
1
95 .
191 7
|
94

99
100
102
103
107
115

99
100
98
99
102
107

100
100
99
99
99
99

Holders, iron.
102
102
101
101
101
101
100
100
100
98
97

88
88
88
92
94
95
100
101
101
110
124

Pattern makers, wood.
90
89
89
93
95
95
100
101
101
107
120

104
103
103
101
101
101
100
99
99
99
97

87
89
91
93
95
96
100
101
101
108
124

90
92
93
95
96
97
100
100
100
107
119

Print ing and publishing: Book and job.

Painters, hardwood
finishers.

Carpenters.




Metal polishers and
buffers.

99
100
105
108
122
124

99
100
104
108
121
122

Bookbinders.
111
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

84
93
94
95
97
98
100
102
102
102
108

'
93
94
95
95
97
98
100
102
102
102
108

Compositors.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

90
90
90
94
97
99
100
103
103
105
107

89
89
89
93
95
98
100
103
103
105
107

B U L L E T IN

20
T able

OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

3 .—RELATIVE HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF WAGES
PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1917—Continued.
Printing and publishing: Book and job—Continued.
Eleetrotypers: Bat­
te r y men and
builders.

Year.
Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.
1907.
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917,

Rela­
Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
tive Rela­ rate of
tive
rate of full­
time rate of wages
per
per
week, hours per week,
per
full week. hour. full
time.
time.

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.

103
103
102
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Eleetrotypers: Fin­
ishers and mold­
ers.

87
90
96
97
100
105
108
111
115

85
90
96
97
100
105
108
111
116

105
104
104
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

89
89
92
97
98
100
104106
109
112

92
92
92
93
97
98
100
104
106
109
112

Linotype operators.

Machine tenders.

Rela­ Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
full­ tive rate of
time rate of wages
per
hours per week,
per hour. full
week.
time.

Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.

92
92
92
94
95
97
100
101
101
102
104

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

92
92
92
94
95
97
100
101
101
102
104

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.

100
100
101
101
103

100
100
101
102
104

Printing and publishing: Book and job—Concluded.
Machinist operators.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

1

100
100
100
101
101

i

100
101
101
101
103

100
101
101
102
104

Press feeders.
112
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

81
89
91
92
96
98
100
103
103
104
135

| Pressmen, cylinder.
90
90

91

93
96
98
100
103
103
104
110

107
102
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

83
87
95
95
97
99
100
102
102
104
106

88
89
95
95
97
99
100
102
102
104
106

Pressmen, platen.
106
102
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

87
90
93
95
97
98
100
102
102
104
109

92
92
94
95
97
98
100
102
102
104
109

Printing and publishing: Newspaper.
Compositors, daywork.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1
1910..
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100




89
90
91
93
95
98
100
101
102
102
105

90
90
91
93
96
98
100
101
101
102
105

Compositors, night | Linotype operators, |Linotype operators,
1
daywork.
jdaywork (piecework).
work.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

93
93
94
95
' 97
98
100
101
101
102
104

93
93
94
96
97
98
100
101
101
101
104

101
101
101
101
101
100
100
100
99
99
99

91
93
93
95
96
98
100
101
102
103
106

i Based on price per 1,000 ems, nonpariel.

91
93
93
95
97
98
100
101
102
102
105

100
100
100
100
100
102

i
i
i
i
i
i

101
100
100
100
100
101 ..........

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.

21

T a b l e 3 . — RELATIVE

HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF WAGES
PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1917—Concluded.
Printing and publishing: Newspaper—Continued.
Linotype operators,
night work.

Year.
Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.
1907................
1908.................
1909.................
1910.................
1911. - - .
1912.................
1913
1914................
1915..................
1916..................
1917................

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.
93
94
95
96
97
98
100
101
102
102
105

94
97
97
99
100
101
101
101
104

Linotype operators,
night work (piece­
work).
Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.

Machine tenders,
daywork.

Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.

Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.

1

..........

100
100
100
100
99
101

Machine tenders,
night work.

100
100
100
100
100
100

1101
1100
i 100
i 100
i 100
i 100

99
100
101
101
101
103

100
100
100
101
101
102

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
101
101
102

100
100
100
101
101
102

Printing and publishing: Newspaper—Continued.
Machinist operators, Machinist operators,
daywork.
night work.
1907..................
1908..................
1909.................
1910.
1911.................
1912.................
1913.................
1914.................
1915.................
1916.................
1917..................

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
102
104

100
100
100
102
104

100
100
100
100
99

100
100
100
100
104

100
100
100
100
103

Printing and publishing: Newspaper—
Concluded.

Pressmen, web
presses, daywork.
102
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

102
102
102
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

87
89
90
92
93
95
100
101
101
102
105

88
90
91
93
93
94
100
101
101
102
105

101
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

91
92
92
93
93
94
100
101
101
102
105

91
92
92
93
93
94
100
101
101
102
104

89
91
91
96
96
98
100
101
101
102
104

101
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

95
95
95
96
97
98
100
101
101
102
103

.95
95
96
97
97
98
100
101
101
102
103

Soft-drink establishment employees.

I
Stereotypers, day- j Stereotypers, night
work.
work.
1907
1908
1^09
1910
1911
1912
1913.................
191 4
.,.......
191 5
1916.................
1917.................

88
90
92
95
96
98
100
101
101
102
104

Pressmen, web
presses, night work.

Chauffeurs and
drivers.

Bottlers.

100
100
99
98
97

100
101
105
110
117

100
101
104
108
113

1
i
1
i
i
!
100 1 100
100 1 101
100 1 102
100
103
100
112

100
101
102
103
112

Soft-drink establishment employees—Con.
Miscellaneous
occupations.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917




100
100
99
99
97

1
,
,
|

100
106
109
115
128

1 Based on price per 1,000 ems, nonpariel.

100
105
109
114
125

22

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E B,UREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

GENERAL INDEXES OF UNION SCALES OF WAGES AND HOURS
OF LABOR AND OF RETAIL PRICES OF FOOD.

A t a b l e is n o w p r e s e n t e d s h o w i n g i n d e x n u m b e r s f o r t h e u n i o n
s c a le s o f a ll t r a d e s a n d o c c u p a t io n s in t h e s e v e r a l in d u s t r ie s t a k e n a s
a w h o le .
A ls o in th e t a b le th e re a re p r e s e n te d in d e x n u m b e r s f o r
r e ta il p r ic e s o f f o o d , in o r d e r t h a t th e c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d h o u r s o f
la b o r a n d o f r e ta il p r ic e s o f f o o d m a y b e c o m p a r e d fr o m y e a r t o
yea r.
T h e u n io n s c a le i n d e x e s a r e c o m p u t e d f r o m t h e s c a le s a p p e a r in g
in t h is a n d p r e c e d in g b u lle t in s o n t h e s u b je c t .
T h e m e th o d o f co m ­
p u t a t i o n is t h e s a m e a s t h a t u s e d in c o m p u t in g t h e r e la t iv e n u m b e r s
f o r e a c h o f th e s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n s .
T h e f o o d p r i c e i n d e x is b a s e d o n t h e r e t a i l p r i c e s o f t h e p r i n c i p a l
a r t ic le s o f f o o d a s c o m p il e d c u r r e n t ly b y t h is b u r e a u .
A n in v e s tig a ­
t io n m a d e b y th e b u r e a u in 1901 s h o w e d t h a t th e e x p e n d itu r e f o r
f o o d c o n s t it u t e d a t t h a t tim e a b o u t 43 p e r c e n t o f th e t o t a l e x p e n d i­
tu re o f th e w o r k in g m a n ’ s fa m ily .
T a b le

4.—INDEX NUMBERS OF UNION WAGE RATES AND HOURS OF LABOR AND
OF RETAIL PRICES OF FOOD, 1907 to 1917.
(1913=100.)

Year.

1907..........................
1908..........................
1909..........................
1910..........................
1911..........................
1912..........................
1913..........................
1914..........................
1915..........................
1916..........................
1917..........................

Rates of Full-time Rates of Retail
wages
hours per week, prices
wages
per hour. per week. full time. of food.
90
91
92
94
96
98
100
102
103
107
114

103
102
102
101
101
100
100
100
99
99
98

92
93
93
95
96
98
100
102
102
106
112

82
84
89
93
92
98
100
102
101
114
146

T a b le 4 s h o w s a n a d v a n c e in th e r e ta il p r ic e s o f f o o d c o n s id e r ­
a b ly g r e a te r th a n in r a te s o f w a g e s p e r h o u r a n d in fu ll-t im e w e e k ly
w ages.
R a t e s o f w a g e s p e r h o u r a d v a n c e d fr o m a r e la tiv e , o f 90
in 1 9 0 7 t o 11 4 in 1 9 1 7 , a n in c r e a s e o f 2 7 p e r c e n t .
R e t a il p r ic e s
o f f o o d a d v a n c e d fr o m a r e la tiv e o f 82 in 19 0 7 to 146 in 1 9 1 7 , a n
a d v a n ce o f 78 p e r cen t.
T h e a d v a n c e in w e e k ly w a g e s b e t w e e n
1 9 0 7 a n d 1 9 1 7 w a s le s s t h a n t h a t in r a t e s o f w a g e s p e r h o u r , b e c a u s e
o f r e d u c t io n o f h o u r s d u r in g t h e p e r io d .
F r o m th e b a s ic fig u r e s u s e d in th e p r e p a r a t io n o f th e a b o v e t a b le
T a b le 5 h a s b e e n p r e p a r e d , p re s e n tin g in d e x e s o f th e p u r c h a s in g
p o w e r o f w a ges as e x p e n d e d fo r fo o d .
A s w ages ad van ce m or




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917,

23

f o o d c a n b e b o u g h t b y w a g e s if f o o d r e m a in s th e sa m e , in p r ic e .
If
f o o d a d v a n c e s a n d w a g e s r e m a in s t a t io n a r y , th e q u a n t it y o f f o o d
p u r c h a s a b le b y w a g e s d im in is h e s , a n d i f w a g e s a n d f o o d a d v a n c e in
a n e q u a l e x t e n t , th e a m o u n t o f f o o d p u r c h a s e d b y w a g e s r e m a in s
th e sa m e.
T h e s e s ta te m e n ts are a x io m a tic b u t n e e d to b e k e p
c le a r ly in m in d in s t u d y in g T a b le 5.
W h ile w a g e s a n d f o o d h a v e
b o t h a d v a n c e d b e t w e e n 1 9 0 7 a n d 1 9 1 7 , t h e a d v a n c e in t h e r e t a i
p r ic e o f f o o d h a s b e e n g r e a te r , h e n c e th e d im in is h in g p u r c h a s in g
p o w e r o f w a g e s s h o w n in th e ta b le .
T a b le 5 .— INDEX

NUMBERS OF PURCHASING POWER OF UNION WAGES AS MEASURED
IN FOOD, 1907 TO 1917.
(1913=100.)
P u r c h a s in g power
measured by retail
prices of food—
Year.

1907........................................
1908........................................
1909........................................
1910........................................
1911........................................
1912........................................
1913........................................
1914........................................
1915........................................
1916........................................
1917........................................

Of rates of Of rates of
per
wages per wages full
week,
hour.
time.
109
108
104
102
104
100
100
100
101
94
78

112
110
105
102
105
100
100
99
101
93 !
77

I n th e p r e p a r a tio n o f th e a b o v e in d e x e s o f ra te s o f w a g e s , h o u r s
o f la b o r , a n d r e t a il p r ic e s o f f o o d , th e n u m b e r s w e r e e x t e n d e d t o
t w o d e c im a l p la c e s f o r c lo s e r a c c u r a c y in c o m p u t a t io n , b u t in t h e
ta b le s p u b lis h e d th e d e c im a ls o f th e in d e x e s h a v e b e e n d r o p p e d , s o
th a t th e in d e x e s a p p e a r as w h o le n u m b e rs .
A n i n d e x n u m b e r is , a s b e f o r e s t a t e d , a p e r c e n t a g e c o m p u t e d
f r o m th e a c t u a l fig u r e s f o r e a c h y e a r c o m p a r e d w it h a b a s e y e a r
I n T a b le s 4 a n d 5 th e fig u r e s f o r 1 9 1 3 a r e m a d e t h e b a s e , a s w a s
d o n e in T a b le 3, p a g e s 16 t o 2 1 , in o r d e r th a t w a r c o n d it io n s m ig h t
b e c o m p a r e d r e a d ily w it h n o r m a l c o n d it io n s c lo s e ly p r e c e d in g th e
w ar.
A s s o m e r e a d e r s m a y d e s ir e t o s t a r t c o m p a r is o n s w it h th e in itia l
y e a r , t w o ta b le s o f in d e x n u m b e r s c o m p u t e d fr o m th e s a m e b a s ic
fig u r e s a r e g iv e n w it h 1 9 0 7 t a k e n as t h e b a s e , o r 1 0 0 .




24
T a b le

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUKEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
6.—INDEX NUMBERS OF UNION WAGE RATES AND HOURS OF LABOR AND OF
RETAIL PRICES OF FOOD, 1907 TO 1917.
(1907—100.)
Rates of
Rates of Full-time wages per Retail
prices of
wages hours per week,
per hour. week. full time.
food.

Y ear.
|
j
1907..........................
1908..........................
1909..........................
1910. . ..
1911.........................
1912..........................
1913..........................
1914.........................
1915..........................
1916..........................
1917..........................
T a b le 7 .— INDEX




100
100
99
99
9*
98
97
97
97
96
96

100
101
102
105
107
109
111
114
115
119
127

100
101
102
104
105
207
109
111
112
116
123

100
103
108
113
112
119
122
125
123
139
178

NUMBERS OF PURCHASING POWER OF UNION WAGES AS MEASURED
IN FOOD, 1907 TO 1917.
(1907—100.)
Purchasing power, meas­
ured by retail prices of
food—
Y car.
Of rates of
wages per
hour.
1907........................................
1908........................................
1909........................................
1910........................................
1911........................................
1912..
1913........................................
1914........................................
1915........................................
1916........................................
1917........................................

Of rates of
wages per
week,
full time.

100
99
95
93
95
91
91
91
93
86
71

100
98
94
92
94
90
90
89
91
84
69

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AN D H OU ES OF LABOE, M A Y 15, 1917.

25

UNION WAGE SCALES AND RETAIL PRICES OF FOOD IN 13
CITIES.

T h a t a c o m p a r i s o n m a y b e m a d e o f w a g e a n d p r i c e c h a n g e s in a
fe w o f t h e la r g e c it ie s , fig u r e s h a v e b e e n c o m p ile d f o r c e r t a in s e le c t e d
t r a d e s a n d f o r t h e p r in c ip a l a r t ic le s o f f o o d f o r t h e y e a r s 1 9 0 7 t o
1917.
F r o m t h e s e fig u r e s t h e u n io n b r ic k l a y e r in C h ic a g o , f o r e x ­
a m p le ,- c a n f o l l o w t h e c h a n g e i n h i s w a g e s c a l e , y e a r b y y e a r , a s
c o m p a r e d w it h t h e c h a n g e in t h e r e t a il p r i c e o f r o u n d s t e a k , flo u r ,
o r p o t a t o e s , o r o f a ll a r t ic le s o f f o o d c o m b i n e d .
T h e i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d i n t h r e e t a b l e s — T a b l e s 8 a n d 9
r e la tin g t o w a g e s c a le s a n d T a b le 10 t o r e t a il p r ic e s o f f o o d .
The
13 c it ie s c o v e r e d in e a c h t a b le a r e A t la n t a , B a lt im o r e , B o s t o n ,
C h ic a g o , C in c in n a ti, D e n v e r , N e w O r le a n s , N e w Y o r k , P h ila d e lp h ia ,
P it t s b u r g h , S t . L o u is , S a n F r a n c is c o , a n d S e a t t le .
In th e w a g e
t a b l e s f r o m 1 4 t o 2 2 t r a d e s in t h e s e v e r a l c i t i e s a r e i n c l u d e d .
R e ta il
p r ic e s f o r th e s e c it ie s a r e g iv e n f o r a ll o f t h e a r t ic le s o f f o o d e n t e r in g
in t o t h e b u r e a u ’s r e t a il p r i c e i n d e x n u m b e r s .
T h e r a t e s a n d h o u r s in t h e w a g e t a b le s a r e d r a w n f r o m t h is a n d
p r e c e d in g b u lle t in s , s u p p le m e n t e d in a fe w in s t a n c e s b y fig u r e s t a k e n
fr o m u n p u b lis h e d m a t e r ia l. T a b le 8 (p . 2 6 ) s h o w s b y i n d e x n u m b e r s
th e e x t e n t o f c h a n g e e a c h y e a r , as c o m p a r e d w it h 1 9 0 7 , in r a te s o f
w a g e s p e r h o u r a n d p e r w e e k , a n d in h o u r s o f l a b o r p e r w e e k , f o r
th e tr a d e s lis te d in T a b le 9 , t a k e n c o lle c t iv e ly .
F o r each y e a r, 1907
t o 1 9 1 7 , in c lu s iv e , T a b le 9 (p p . 2 7 t o 6 0 ) s h o w s th e w a g e r a te s p e r
h o u r a n d p e r fu ll w e e k , a n d th e h o u rs o f la b o r p e r w e e k o n fu ll tim e
f o r t h e tr a d e s p r e s e n t e d in t h e 13 c it ie s .
P a r a lle lin g s u c h fig u re s
a re r e la t iv e n u m b e r s s h o w in g t h e r e la t iv e c h a n g e in e a c h s u c c e s s iv e
y e a r, as c o m p a r e d w it h 1 9 0 7 , th e a c tu a l ra te s a n d h o u rs f o r 1 907
b e in g ta k e n as th e b a s e , o r 1 0 0 p e r c e n t .
I n t h e t a b l e t h e 13 c it ie s
a re g iv e n in a lp h a b e t ic a l o r d e r , a n d u n d e r e a c h c i t y t h e tr a d e s c o v ­
e r e d a r e lik e w is e p r e s e n t e d in a lp h a b e t ic a l o r d e r .
T h e r e t a i l p r i c e t a b l e ( T a b l e 1 0 , p p . 6 1 t o 7 3 ) is d i v i d e d i n t o t h r e e
s e c t i o n s u n d e r e a c h c i t y . I n t h e f i r s t s e c t i o n is g i v e n t h e a v e r a g e m o n e y
p r ic e f o r e a c h y e a r f o r e a c h a r t ic le .
T h e s e c o n d s e c tio n s h o w s th e
q u a n t it y p u r c h a s a b le f o r $1 e a c h y e a r , a n d th e t h ir d s e c t io n p r e s e n ts
r e la t iv e n u m b e r s (in o t h e r w o r d s , p e r c e n t a g e s ) s h o w in g a c o m p a r is o n
o f p rice s in e a c h y e a r w it h t h o s e o f 1 9 0 7 .
T h e s e r e la tiv e p r ic e s
a re c o m p u t e d f r o m th e a c t u a l m o n e y p r ic e s s h o w n in t h e fir s t s e c ­
tio n o f th e ta b le .
I n a d d it io n t o th e r e la tiv e p r ic e s f o r e a c h a r tic le o f f o o d , i n d e x
n u m b e r s f o r a ll a r t ic le s c o m b i n e d a r e g i v e n in t h e c o lu m n a t t h e r ig h t
s id e , o f t h e t a b l e .
I t w ill b e o b s e r v e d t h a t a ll a r t ic le s a r e n o t r e p o r t e d
f o r a ll c it ie s .
F o r s o m e a r t ic le s r e t a il p r ic e s a r e a v a ila b le o n l y f o r
la te r y e a rs .
W i t h n o p r ic e q u o t a t io n a v a ila b le f o r 1 9 0 7 f o r c o m p a r i­
s o n a r e la tiv e p r ic e b a s e d o n 1 9 0 7 , o f c o u r s e , c a n n o t b e c o m p u t e d .




26

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 8 .— INDEX

NUMBERS OF UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK
AND HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK PREVAILING IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917,
FOR ALL TRADES LISTED IN TABLE 9 TAKEN COLLECTIVELY.
Atlanta,

Year.

Baltimore.

Rates of
Hours
wages—
of
labor
per
Per
Per
Per week, week, Per week,
full
full time. hour. full
hour.
time.
time.

1907..................
1908..................
1909..................
1010..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1917..................

Rates of
wages—

100
103
107
108
111
112
115
116
116
120
129

100
104
108
109
112
113
114
113
113
116
123

100
100
100
100
100
100
99
98
98
98
95

100
99
100
100
104
104
104
107
110
110
127

100
100
101
106
107
108
112
114
118
126
132

100
100
101
104
105
106
109
in
115
122
128

| 100
| 100
| 100
!
98
| 98
| 98
98
!
!• 98
| 88
96
!
,
96

100
100
100
106
107
107
107
113
114
116
127

100
100
100
105
107
107
107
113
113
115
126

100
100
99
99
99
99
.
99
93
93
!
| 93
92
i
1
i
i

100 ;
104 '
108
108
110
110
111
111
111
114
127
i

100
104
107
107
109
110
110
110
110
114
125 i
!

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
99
93

100
107
108
110
112
115
122
124
131
132
146

100
107
108
110
108
110
115
118
124
125
138

100
101
105
111
112
114
116
121
121
126
133

i

Rat es of
Hours
wag;es—
of
labor
per
Per
week, Per week,
full hour. full
time.
time.

100
100
104
107
107
100
111
116
116
118
125 j

100
99
99
P
6
96
96
96
96
96
94
94

New Orleans.
1
100
100
100
100
99
99
99
99
99
99
99 ,

100
101
106
104
104
107
107
108
106
108
114

100
101
104
103
103
105
105
105
103
104
103

100
100
104
109
! 110
1 115
119
1 121
121
i 125
128
i

100
100
99
99
99
O
p
98
98
28
96
91

100 ,
118
100
100'
96
96
95
95
95
95
94

100
101
104
106
110
111
112
116
117
118
122

100
101
104
106
110
111
112
116
117
118
123




100
92
93
97
100
100
100
99
99
99
113

100
93
93
97
98
98
98
97
97
97
109

100 j
100
100
100
97
97
97
97
97
97
96

!

I
100
100 i
104 !
] 08 i
109
113
118
120
123
124
127

100
109
loo
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

100
100
100
101
102
102
103
104
104
111
117

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

San Francisco.
100
101
101
104
104
105
105
103
103
103
114

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
109
I

fjealtlo.
1907..................
1908..................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912................ .
1913.:..............
1914..................
1915.................. :
1916..................
1917..................
1

1

Hours
of
labor
per
week,
full
time.

New York.
100
100
100
101
102
102
103
104
104
111
117

Q Louii
t.

Pittsburgh.

Philadelphia.
1907.................. !
1908.................. ,
1909.................. !
1910.................. i
1911.................. i
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916..................
1917..................

Rates of
Hours
wages—
of
labor
per
Per
week, Per week,
full hour. full
time.
time.

Denver.

Cincinnati.
1907..................
1908.................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913.................. |
1914.................. 1
1915.................. !
1916..................
1917..................

100
99
99
99
102
102
102
100
102
102
117

1
Chicago.

Boston.

1
i
1

100
100
100
101
101
101
101
102
102
104
103

100
100
99
96
95
95
95
95
95
95
95

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUKS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1017.

27

F r o m th e fig u r e s in T a b le 8 a n d in T a b le 10 t h e c o m p a r a t i v e in ­
c r e a s e in r a t e s o f w a g e s a n d in r e t a il p r ic e s o f f o o d b e t w e e n 1 9 0 7 a n d
1 9 1 7 m a y b e s t a t e d in p e r c e n t a g e fo r m , th u s :
A tlanta .................................. W eek ly rates of wages increased 23 per cent.
R etail prices of food increased 77 per cent.
B altim ore..............................W eek ly rates of wages increased 17 per cent.
Retail prices of food increased 87 per ce n t.
B oston ....................................W eek ly rates of wages increased 25 per cen t.
Retail prices of food increased 69 per cen t.
C h ic a g o ................................ W eek ly rates of wages increased 27 per cent.
Retail prices of food increased 81 per c e n t.
C in cin n a ti.............................W eek ly rates of wages increased 28 per cen t.
R etail prices of food increased 84 per cen t.
D e n v e r...................................W eek ly rates of wages increased 25 per cent.
R etail prices of food increased G6 per cen t.
N ew O rleans....................... W eek ly rates of wages increased 8 per cen t.
Retail prices of food increased 85 per cen t.
N ew Y o rk ..............................W eek ly rates of wages increased 17 per cen t.
R etail prices of food increased 73 per c e n t.
P h ila d elp h ia ........................W eek ly rates of wages increased 26 per cen t.
R etail prices of food increased 69 per c e n t.
P ittsbu rgh ............................ W eek ly rates of wages increased 38 per cen t.
Retail prices of food increased 78 per cen t.
St. L o u is............................... W eek ly rates of wages increased 23 per cen t.
Retail prices of food increased 94 per cen t.
San F ran cisco......................W eek ly rates of wages increased 9 per cent.
R etail prices of food increased 46 per cen t.
S eattle................................... W eek ly rates of wages increased 9 per cen t.
R etail prices of food increased 59 per cen t.
9.—UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES.

T a b le

A T L A N T A , GA.

[The figures for compositors and linotype* operators apply only to those working on English text.]
Blacksmiths, manufaetiiting and jobbing
shops.

Boiler makers, manufa.turing and jobbing
shops.

Rates of
RelativeRelativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
labor Rates Rates Hours
labor Rates Rates Hours
of
of
of
of
Per
Per
per
per
of
of
week, week, wages wages labor Per week, week, wages wages labor
per
per hour.
per
per
full
full
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Cents.

30.0 $16.20
30.0 16.20
31.5 17.01
33.5 18.09
35.0 18.90
35.0 18.90
37.5 20. 25
37.5 20. 25
37.5 20.25
37.5 22. 50
39.0 23. 40




54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
60
60

100
100
105
112
117
117
125
125
125
125
130

100
100
105
112
117
117
125
125
125
139
144

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111

Cents.

30.0 SI6.20
31.5 17.01
32.0 17. 28
34.0 18.36
38.0 20. 52
39.0 21.06
40.0 21.60
35.0 18. 90
35.0 18. 90
35.0 18. 90
44.0 22.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
50

100
105
107
113
127
130
133
117
117
117
147

100
105
107
113
127
130
133
117
117
117
136

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
93

28

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 9 __UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
A T L A N T A , GA.— Continued.

Bricklayers.

Carpenters.

]
Rates of
wages—

Rates of
RelativeRelative—
wages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
labor
labor
Rates Hours
of
of
per Rates
per Rates ; of
of
Per
Per week,
of
wages labor Per 1 week, week,
wages labor
of
week, full wages per
per hour, j full
full wages per
per
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.
!
1

Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Cents.

40.0 $21.20
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 22.50
45.0 22.50
50.0 25.00
60.0 30.00

53
53
53
53
53
53
53
50
50
50
50

100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
125
150

100
113
113
113
113
113
113
106
106
118
142

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94
94
94
94

31.3
31.3
34.4
34.4
34.4
34.4
34.4
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5

15.00
15.00
16.50
16. 50
16.50
16.50
16.50
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
110
110
110
110
110
120
120
120
120

100
100
110
110
110
110
110
120
120
120
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Granite cutters, inside.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

37.5
37.5
37.5
40.0
40.0
41.3
41.3
41.3
41.3
50.0
50.0

18.00

lb. 00

18.00
19.20
19.20
18.56
18.56
18.56
18.56
22.00
22.00

48
48
48
48
48
• 45
45
45
45
44
44

100
100
100
107
107
110
110
110
110
133
133

100
100
100
107
107
103
103
103
103
122
122

30.0 $16. 20
30.0 16.20
30.0 16.20
30.0 16.20
35.0 18. 90
35.0 18.90
40.0 20.00
40.0 20.00
40.0 20.00
40.0 20.00
50.0 25.00

37.5
37.5
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8

18.00
18.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00

30.0
32.5
32.5
32.5
35.0
35.0
35 0
35.0
35.0
35 0
40.0




18.00
19.50
19.50
19.50
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.60

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
54

100
108
108
108
117
117
117
117
117
117
133

100
108
108
108
117
117
117
117
117
117
120

100
100
100
100
117
117
133
133
133
133
167

100
100
100
100
117
117
123
123
123
123
154

100
100
100
100
100
100
93
93
93
93
93

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117

100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Linotype operators, book and job.
100
100
100
100
100
94
94
94
94
92
92

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
46.9
46.9
46.9
46.9

21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50

Machinists, manufacturing shops.
1907...............
1908...............
1909..............
1910............
1911...............
1912...............
1913..............
1914...............
1915...............
1916...............
1917............... I

54
54
54
54
54
54
50
50
50
50
50

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.

Compositors, book and job.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914.............:
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Cents.

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
108
108
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
90

Molders, iron.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
90

30.0
32?5
32.5
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
41.7

18.00
19.50
19.50
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
22.50

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
54

100
108
108
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
139

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AND H O U R S OF LABOE, M A Y 15, 1917.

29

9.—UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 to 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

T a b le

A T L A N T A , GA.— Concluded.

Plasterers.

Painters:.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Cents.
27.8
27.8
27.8
30.7
30.7
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
36.1

Rates of
Relative—
Relative—
wages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
labor
labor
Rates Hours
per
of
per
of
of
of
Per week, Rates wages
Per week, Rates wages labor
of
of
labor
Per
week, full wages per
per hour. week, full wages per
per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.
!

$15.00
15.00
15.00
16.59
16.59
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
19.50

i&
i 53
153
153
153
i 53
i 53
153
i 53
i 53
i 53

100
100
100
111
111
120
120
120
120
120
130

100
100
100
111
ill
120
120
120
120
120
130

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.

45.0 1$23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85
45.0 23.85

Plumbers and gas fitters.
40,0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

i 53
i 53
i 53
i 53
153
153
i 53
153
i 53
153
i 53

100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111

53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53
53

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92

100
100
94
94
94
94
94
94
105
105
110

100
100
92
94
94
94
94
94
94
94
94

Stonecutters.

100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50.0
50.0
50 0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24 00
22.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Structural-iron workers.
40.0
40.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62. 5
62.5

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

21.60
21.60
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50

54
54
54
54
48
48
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
125
125
141
141
156
156
156
156
156

100
100
125
125
125
125
127
127
127
127
127

100
100
100
100
89
89
81
81
81
81
81

BALTIM ORE, MB.

I
I
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911.............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Boiler makers, manufacturing shops.

Cents.

27.8 $15.00
30.6
16.50
30.6 16.50
30.6 16.50
30.6 16.50
30.6
16.50
30.6 16.50
30.6
16.50
30.6
16.50
30-6
16.50
48.0 23.76

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
49|

1 Work 53 hours, paid for 54




100
110
110
110
110
110
110
110
110
110
173

100
110
110
110
110
110
110
110
110
110
158

Bricklayers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92

Cents.
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
70.0
70.0
75.0

$30.00
30.00
28.13
28.13
28.13
28.13
28.13
28.13
31.50
31.50
33.00

48
48
2 45
M5
2 45
2 45
2 45
2 45
2 45
2 45
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
112
112
120

244 hours November to March, inclusive.

30

B U L L E T IN

TAB]

TION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
R WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
>RTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

LA
IN

OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

BALTIMORE, MD.—Continued.
Carpenters.

Compositors, book and job.

Rates of
Relative—
Relative—
wages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
labor
Rates Hours
labor
Rates Hours
of
of
per
of
of
per
Per week, Rates
Per week, Rates
labor Per week,
of
of
labor
week, full wages per
full
per hour.
per
per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Rates of
wages—

Per
hour.

1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

Cents.
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0

$21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
19.25
19.25
19.25
22.00

48

48
l 44
l 44
l 44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
114

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
105

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92

Cents.

32.1 $15.40
32.1
15.40
32.1
15.40
17.00
35.4
37.5 18.00
18.00
37.5
37.5 18.00
18.00
37.5
18.00
37.5
18.00
47.5
43.8 21.00

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
57.1
59.5
59.5
61.9

21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
24.00
21.00
24. 00
25.00
25.00
26.00

42
42
42
42

V

42
42
42
42
42
42

100
100
100
100
10Q
100
100
114
119
119
124

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
114
119
119
124

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3

22. 25
22. 25
22. 25
22. 25
22. 25
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75

441
44J
44i
44J
44J
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113

100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
46.9
46.9
46.9
46.9
46.9
46.9
50.0

21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
22.50
22.50
22. 50
22. 50
22. 50
22. 50
24.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
114

100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
114

November to March, inclusive.




100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

20.03
20.03
20.03
20.03
20.03
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22. 00
22.00

441
44J
44i
44i
44i
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111

190
100
100
100
100
110
110
110
110
110
110

100
100
100
100
100
99
99
99
99
99
99

100
100
94
94
94
94
94
94
103
103
117

100
100
94
94
94
,94
94
94
94
94
92

Hod carriers.
100
100
100
100
100
99
99
99
99
99
99

31.3
31.3
31.3
31.3
31.3
31.3
31.3
31.3
34.4
34.4
40.0

15.00
15.00
14.06
14.06
14.06
14.06
14.06
14. 06
15. 47
15. 47
17.60

48
48
245
2 45
245
245
245
245
2 45
245
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
110
128

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.

Linotype operators, book and job.
1937.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

100
100
100
110
117
117
117
117
117
117
136

Granite cutters, inside.

Granite cutters, outside.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

100
100
100
110
117
117
117
117
117
117
136

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

53.6
53.6
53.6
53.6
53.6
53.6
57.6
57.1
59.5
59.5
61.9

22. 50
22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
22. 50
22.50
24.00
25. 00
25. 00
25.00

42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
111
111
115

100
100
100
100
100
100

100
107
111
115

111

244 hours November to March, inclusive.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND H O URS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

31

T a b le 9 .— U N IO N SC A L E S O F W A G E S P E R H O U R A N D P E R W E E K A N D OF H O U R S O F
L A B O R P E R W E E K , IN M A Y OF E A C H Y E A R , 1907 TO 1917, IN T H E P R IN C IP A L T R A D E S
IN 13 I M P O R T A N T I N D U S T R I A L C IT IE S —Continued.

BALTIMORE, MD.—Concluded.
Molders, iron.

Machinists, manufacturing shops.

Rates of
wages—

RelativeHours
of
Rates Hours
labor
Rates
of
of
per
wages labor
of
week,
per
per
wages
full
week, week,
per
time.
full . full
hour.
time. time.

Year.

Per
hour.

Per
week,
full
time.

1
1

Per
hour.

C ents . !

1907..................
1908...................
1909..................
1910...................
1911...................
1912..................
1913...................
1914..................
1915...................
1916...................
1917...................

30.6
30.6
30.6
30.6
33.3
33.3
33.3
37. 5
37. 5
37.5
47.0

Rates of
wages—

Per
week,
full
time.

Cents.

|16. 50
16. 50
16. 50
16. 50
18.00
18. 00
18.00
18. 00
18.00
18. 00
22. 56

;
j

;
j
I

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48

;

48

100
100
100
100
109
109
109
123
123
123
154

100
100
100
100
109
109
109
109
109
109
137

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89
89
89

32.2
32. 2
32.2
32.2
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
46.9

$17.40
17. 40
17.40
17. 40
19. 50
19. 50
19. 50
19. 50
19. 50
19. 50
22.50

Painters.

1907...................
1908..................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912...................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916..................
1917..................

37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
43.8

18. 00
18. 00
18.00
18.00
18. 00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18. 00
18. 00
21.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100 j
100 j
100
117

43. 8
43. 8
43.8
43. 8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3

21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24. 00
24. 00
24.00
24. 75

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44

100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
114
129

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
117

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
114
118

62.5
50.0
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62. 5
62.5
62. 5
68.8

i
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92

30. 00
24. 00
27. 00
27. 00
27. 50
27. 50
27. 50
27. 50
27. 50
27. 50
30. 25

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5




24.00
24. 00
24.00
24.00
27. 00
27. 00
24. 75
24. 75 |
24. 75
24. 75
27. 50

48
48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
125

100
100
100
100
112
112
112
112
112
112
146

100
100
100
100
112
112
112
112
112
112
129

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89

100
100
100
100
113
113
103
103
103 !
103
115
i

40.6
43.8
43.8
43.8
43. 8
43. 8
46.9
46.9
46.9
46.9
46.9

19. 50
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
22. 50
22.50
22, 50
22.50
22.50

100
100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92

48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
80
90
90
100
100
100
100
100
100
110

100
80
90
90
92
92
92
92
92
92
101

100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.

Structural-iron workers.

1907...................
1908..................
1909...................
1910...................
1911..................
1912...................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916..................
1917.................. |
1

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54 '
48 !

Plasterers.

Plumbers and gas fitters.

1907..................
1908..................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916...................
1917..................

RelativeHours
of
Rates Hours
labor
Rates
of
per
of
wages labor
week, i of
per
wages
per
full
week, week,
time, j per
hour.
full
full
time. time.

!

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
108
108
108
108
108
115
115
115
115
115

100
108
108
108
108
108
115
115
115
115
115

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

32

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

9.—UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 to 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

T able

BOSTON, MASS.
Bricklayers.

Carpenters.
j

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Rates of
wages—

Relative-

Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
per Rates
of
of
Per week,
of
wages labor Per
week,
per hour.
full wages per
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. ’time.
!

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Cents.
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
70.0

$26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
30.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
' 44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
108
108
108
108
117

j
1
I
;

100
100
100
100
100
100
i
; 108
1 108
i 108
1 108
117

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

i Cents. I
43.8 $21.00 !
43.8 21.00
47.8 22.92
50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00
50.0 22. 00
50.0 22.00
55.0 24.20
55.0 24.20
57.0 25.08
60.0 26.40

Cement finishers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914...............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
60.0
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
28. 80
28.80
30.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
120
120
125
125
125
125
125

61.0
61.0
61.0
61.0
61.0
63.0
63.0
63.0
63.0
63.0
68.0

25.62
25.62
25.62
25.62
25.62
26.46
26.46
26.46
26.46
26.46
28.56

42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42

100
100
100
100
100
103
103
103
103
103
111

100
100
100
100
120
120
125
115
115
115
115

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92

37.5
18.00
18.00
37.5
18.00
37.5
19.00
39.6
41.7 20.00
41. 7 20.00
41.7 , 20.00
43.8 ! 21.00
43.8 1 21.00
43.8 21.00
45.8 22.00
i

44.4
44.4
44.4
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0




24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
113

100
100
109
114
114
114
114
126
126
130
137

100
100
109
105
105
105
105
115
115
119
126

100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

100
100
100
100
100
103
103
103
103
103
111

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
106
111
111
111
117
117
117
122

100
100
100
106
111
111
111
117
117
117
122

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

100
120
120
120
120
122
122
134
134
147
158

100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92

Electrotypers: Finishers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

41.7
41.7
; 41.7
! 46.9
46.9
50.0
50.0
1 50.0
; 50.0
! 50.0
50.0

22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
112
112
120
120
120
120
120
120

Gas fitters.

Electrotypers: Molders.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

Compositors, book and job.

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

RelativeHours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor
full
per
per
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100 37.5
100 45.0
100 45.0
89 45.0
89 i 45.0
89 50.0
89 50.0
89 55.0
89 55.0
89 60.0
89 65.0

18.00
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
22.00
22.00
24.20
24.20
26.40
28.60

48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
120
120
120
120
133
133
147
147
160
173

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AND H O U RS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

33

T a b l e 9 . — UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH Y E A R , 1907 to 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
BOSTON, MASS.—Continued.
Hod carriers.

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Rates of
Relative
Relativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
labor
labor
Rates Hours
of
per
of
per
of
of
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week, Rates
of
of
labor
week, full wages per
Per
per hour. week, full
per
per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Cents.

30.0 $13.20
30.0 13.20
30.0 13.20
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
40.0 17.60

1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

100
100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
133

100
100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
133

Cents.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

61.0 $25.62
61.0 25.62
61.0 25.62
61.0 25.62
61.0 25.62
63.0 26.46
63.0 26.46
63.0 26.46
63.0 26.46
63.0 26.46
68.0 28.56

33.3
33.3
33.3
36.1
36.1
36.1
38.9
38.9
38.9
44.4
50.0

18.00
18.00
18.00
19.50
19.50
19.50
21.00
21.00
21.00
24.00
27.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100
108
108
108
117
117
117
133
150

100
100
100
100
100
103
103
103
103
103
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
95
95
105
105
116
116
128
128
128
132

100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
f*
3
83

100 !
112 ,
112 |
11&
118
118
122:
122
122
120
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91

Painters.

Molders, iron.
1907...............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

100
100
100
100
100
103
103
103
103
103
111

100 .100
100 *100
100
100
100
108
100
108
108
100
117
100
100
117
100
117
133'
100
150
100

39.5
41.0
41.0
45.5
45.5
50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
60.5
62.5

18.96
18.04
18.04
20.00
20.00
22.00
22.00
24.20
24.20
24.20
25.00

48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40

1

100
104
104
115
115
127
127
139
139
153
158

Plasterers’ laborers.

Plasterers.
i
1907.............. 60.0
1908.............. 60.0
1909.............. 65.0
1910.............. 65.0
1911.............. 65.0
1912.............. 65.0
1913.............. 65.0
1914........... : 65.0
1915.............. 65.0
1916.............. 70.0
1917.............. 70 0

26.40
26.40
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.00
28.00

44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
40
40

100 | 100
100
100
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
I 117
106
1 117
106

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91

62373

50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
60.0
60.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
68.8 !

24.00
24.00
26.40
26.40
24.20
26.40
26.40
28.60
28.60
28.60
30.25

48
48
48
48
.44
44
44
44
44
44
44

-19— B u ll. 245-




100
100
110
no
110
120
120
130
130
130
138

14.96
16 72
16.72
17.60
17.60
17.60
18.26
18.26
18. 26
18.00
18.00.

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40

100
112
112
118
118
118
122
122
122
132
132

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.

Plumbers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

34.0
38.0
38.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
41.5
41.5
41.5
45.0
45.0

100
100
110
110
101
110
110
119
119
119
126

100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

57.1
57.1
57.1
57.1
57.1
57.1
59.5
59.5
59.5
59.5
64.3

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
27.00

42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42

100
100
100
100
100
100
104
104
104
104
113

100
100
100
100
100
100
104
104
104
104
113

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

34

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 9 . — UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
BOSTON, M ASS.—Continued.

!

Stonecutters, inside.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908...............
1909..............
1910...............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917...........

Structural-iron workers.
Rates of
wages—

Relative-

Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
of
per Rates
Per week,
wages labor Per
of
week,
per hour.
full wages per
full
per
time. tiijie. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

Cents.

50.0 $24.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 22.00
56.3 24. 75
56.3 24.75
56.3 24.75
56.3 24.75
62.5 27.50

48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
113
113
113
113
125

100
100
100
100
100
92
103
103
103
103
115

RelativeHours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
of
per Rates
Per week,
of
wages labor
week, full wages per
per
full
per
time. time. hour. w^eek, week,
full
full
time. time.

Cents.

45.0 $21.60
45.0 21.60
50.0 24.00
50.0 22.00
56.3 24.75
56.3 24.75
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
68.8 30.25

100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92

48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
111
111
125
125
139
139
139
139
153

100
100
111
102
115
115
127
127
127
127
140

100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

100
100
100
107
107
107
116
116
116
116
122

100
100
100
100
100
100
109
109
109
109
109

100
100
100
107
107
116
116
116
116
124
124

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

CHICAGO, ILL.
Blacksmiths, manufacturing ^aops.
1907...............
1908...............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917...............

Cents.

37.5 $18.56
37.5 18.56
37.5 18.56
40.0 19.80
40.0 19.80
40.0 19.80
43.2 21.38
43.2 21.38
43.2 21.38
46.2 22.87
56.0 26. S8

49!
49!
49|
49|
49!
49!
49^

m

49!
49|
48

100
100
100
107
107
107
115
115
115
123
149

100
100
100
107
107
107
115
115
115
123
145

Boilermakers.

Cents.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
97

37.5 $18.56
37.5
18.56
37.5 18.56
40.0
19.80
40.0
19.80
40.0 19.80
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
42.0 22.68

Bricklayers.
1907...............
1908...............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915...............
1916..............
1917..............

62.5
62.5
67.5
67.5
67.5
72.5
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0

30.00
30.00
32.40
29.70
29.70
31.90
33.00.
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00

48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
108
108
108
116
120
120
120
120
120

49!
49!
49!
49!
49!
49!
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
107

llj2

Carpenters.
100
100
108
99
99
106
110
110
110
110
110

100 1 56.3
100 56.3
100 56.3
92 60.0
92 60.0
92 65.0
92 65.0
92 65.0
92 65.0
92 70.0
92 70.0

24.75
24.75
24.75
26.40
26.40
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
30.80
30.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
107
107
116
116
116
116
124
124

1
Cement finishers.
1907...............
1908...............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913...............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

56.3
56.3
57.5
57.5
62.5
62.5
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
67.5




24.75
24.75
25.30
25.30
27.50
27.50
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
29.70

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
102
102
111
111
116
116
116
116
120

!
100
100
102
102
111
111
116
116
116
116
120

1
100 | 40.6
100 1 40.6
100 1 40.6
100 43.8
100 46.9
100 46.9
100 46.9
100 50.0
100 50.0
100 50.0
100 50.0

Compositors, book and job.
X9.50
19.50
19.50
21.00
22.50
22.50
22.50
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
108
115
115
115
123
123
123
123

100
100
100
108
115
115
115
123
123
123
123

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15? 1917.

35

9— UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 to 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

T a b le

CHICAGO, ILL.—Continued.
Compositors, daywork, newspaper.

Electrotypers: Finishers.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916 ...........
1917...............

Rates of
Relative—
Relativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
labor
labor
Rates Hours
per
of
of
per
of
of
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week, Rates wages labor
of
of
week, full wages per
Per
per hour. week,
per
full wages per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Cents.
55.0 $24.75
55.0
55.0
55.0
62.0
62.0
62.0
62.0
62.0
62.0
62.0

24.75
24.75
24.75
27.90
27.90
27.90
27.90
27.90
27.90
27.90

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113

100
100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.

45.8 $22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
49.0 23.50
52.1 25.00
52.1 25.00
52.1 25.00
56.3 27.00

Electrotypers: Molders.
1907...............
1908...............
1909..............
1910..............
1911 ...........
1912..............
1913..............
1914 ...........
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
54.2
56.3
56.3
56.3
60.4

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
29.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
104
108
108
108
116

100
100
100
100
100
100
104
108
108
108
116

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0

24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
133

100
100
100
100
100
10Q
100
100
100
100
100

37.5
40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
50.0
50.0
50.0
53.1
56.3

18.00
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
22.00
22.00
22.00
23.38
24.75




17.88
17.88
19.31
19.31
19.31
19.31
21.06
22.50
20.88
22.50
20.88
24.30
22.51
24.30
26.40

49i
49|

m

49i
49|
49i
54
54
48
54
48
54
48
54
48

100
100
108
108
108
108
108
115
120
115
120
125
130
125
152

100
100
108
108
108
108
118
126
117
126
117
136
126
136
148

100
100
100
100
100
100
107
114
114
114
123

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

48
48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44

100
108
108
108
108
108
133
133
133
142
150

100
108
108
108
108
108
122
122
122
130
138

100
100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92

Linotype operators, book and job.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50.0
50 0
50 0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

24.00
24.00
24.00
24,00
24.00
24.00
24. C
O
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

Machinists, manufacturing and jobbing
shops.
1907............... 36.1
1908............... 36.1
1909............... 39.0
1910............... 39.0
1911............... 39.0
1912.............. 39.0
1913.............. 39.0
1914.............. / 41.7
\ 43.5
1915.............. / 41.7
1 43.5
1916.............. / 45.0
\ 46.9
1917.............. / 45.0
\ 55.0

100
100
100
100
100
100
107
114
114
114
123

Granite cutters, inside.

Granite cutters, outside.
1907........... .
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913...............
1914...............
1915...............
1916...............
1917..............

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
109
109
97
109
97
109
97
109
97

‘ 48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
190
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Molders, iron.
36.1
36.1
36.1
38.9
38.9
38.9
44.4
} 44.4

19.50
19.50
19.50
21.00
21.00
21.00
24.00
24.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100
108
108
108
123
123

100
100
100
108
108
108
123
123

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

| 44.4

24.00

54

123

123

100

} 50.0

24.00

48

139

123

89

j 56.3

27.00

48

156

139

89

36

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 9 .— UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
CHICAGO, ILL.—Concluded.
Painters.

Plasterers.

Rates of
RelativeRelative—
wages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
Rates Hours
labor
labor
of
of
of
per Rates
of
per
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week,
of
of
wages labor Per week,
week, full wages per
per
per hour.
full wages per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907...............
1908...............
1909..............
1910...............
1911...............
1912...............
1913...............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917...............

Cents.

50.0 $22.00
50.0 22.00
55.0 24.20
60.0 26.40
60.0 26.40
60.0 26.40
65.0 28.60
70.0 30. 80
70 0 30. 80
70.0 30.80
72.5 31.90

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
110
120
120
120
130
140
140
140
145

100
100
110
120
120
120
130
140
140
140
145

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.

68.8 $30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00

40.0
40.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
48.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

17.60
17.60
19.80
19.80
19.80
19.80
21.12
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
113
113
113
113
120
125
125
125
125

100
100
113
113
113
113
120
125
125
125
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.5
65.0
65.0
68.8
68.8
68.8
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0

27.50
28.60
28.60
30.25
30.25
30.25
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00

48.4
54.9
54.9
54.9
58.1
58.1
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3

22.50
25.50
25.50
25.50
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00

46*
46*
46i
46|
46i

m

48
48
48
48
48

100
113
113
113
120
120
116
116
116
116
116

100
113
113
113
120
120
120
120
120
120
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
103
103
103
103
103

Structural-iron workers.
1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911...............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
19i5..............
1916..............
1917...............

60.0
60.0
62.5
65.0
66.0
68.0
68.0
68.0
68.0
68.0
69.0




26.40
26.40
27.50
28.60
29.04
29.92
29.92
29.92
29.92
29.92
30.36

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
104
108
110
113
113
113
113
113
115

100
100
100
100
100
109
109
109
109
109
109

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
104
104
110
110
110
120
120
120
120
120

100
104
104
110
110
110
120
120
120
120
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111
124

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Stonecutters.

Stereotypers, daywork, newspapers.
1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911...............
1912...............
1913...............
1914...............
1915...............
1916...............
1917...............

100
100
100
100
100
109
109
109
109
109
109

Plumbers and gas fitters.

Plasterers laborers.
1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911...............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915...............
1916...............
1917...............

44
44 i
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
104 * 100
108
100
no
100
113
100
113
100
113
100
113
100
100
113
100
115

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
70.0

24. 75
24.75
24.75
24.75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111
124

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1917.

37

T a b l e 9 . — UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 to 1917. IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
C IN C IN N A T I, OHIO.

Bricklayers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

Boiler makers, shopmen.

Rates of
wages—

Relative-

Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor Per
full
per
per hour.
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

Cents.

60.0 $27.00
60.0 27.00
60.0 27.00
62.5 28.13
62.5 28.13
65.0 29.25
65.0 29.25
65.0 29.25
70.0 31.50
70.0 31.50
75.0 33.75

100
100
100
104
104
108
108
108
117
117
125

100
100
100
104
104
108
108
108
117
117
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.
33.5
33.5
35.0
35.0
35.0
40.0
40.0
35.0
35.0
35.0
38.0

Carpenters.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
55.0
60.0
62.5

20.03
20.03
20.03
22.25
22.25
22.25
22.25
22.25
24.48
26.70
27.80

44^
44|
44|
44i
44J
44£
44£
44i
44*
44*
44*

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
122
133
139

50.0
50.0
52.1
52.4
52.4
52.4
52.4
54.2
56.3
56.3
56.3

24.00
24.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
27.00
27.00

48
48
48

m

47§
47§
47§
48
48
48
48

100
100
104
105
105
105
105
108
113
113
113

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
122
133
139

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
40.6
43.8
43.8
43.8
46.9

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
47.9
*47.9
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0




21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
23.00
23.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

48
48
48
48
98
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
109
109
114
114
114
114

54
54
54
54
54
54
54

m
m
m

49J

100
100
104
104
104
119
119
104
104
104
113

100
100
104
104
104
119
119
96
96
96
96

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92

100
100
104
104
104
104
104
108
113
113
113

100
100
100
100
100
110
110
114
114
114
114

18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
19.50
21.00
21.00
21.00
22.50

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
108
117
117
117
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
108
117
117
117
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Electrotypers: Finishers.
100
100
100
99
99
99
99
100
100
100
100

37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
42.8
43.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8

Electrotypers: Molders.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

$18.09
18.09
18.90
18.90
18.90
21.60
21.60
17.33
17.33
17.33
18.81

Compositors, book and job.

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

RelativeHours
of
labor
Rates Hours
of
per Rates
of
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor
per
per
full
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
21.00
21.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
117
117
122
122
122
122

100
100
100
100
100
117
117
122
122
122
122

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Granite cutters, outside.
100
100
100
110
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

45.5
45.5
45.5
45.5
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5

21.84
21.84
21.84
21.84
24.00
24.00
25.31
25.31
24.75
27.00
27.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
45
45
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
110
110
124
124
124
137
137

100
100
100
100
110
110
116
116
113
124
124

100
100
100
100
100
100
94
94
92
92
92

38

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 9 . — UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
CINC IN N ATI, OHIO—Continued.

Linotype operators, book and job.

Hod carriers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
of .
Rates Hours
labor
of | of
per Rates
Per
wages labor Per
of
week, week,
per | per hour.
full
full
per
time. time. hour. week,; week,
full j full
time, tirxe.

Cents.

100
100
100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113

100
100
100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113

37.5 $16.88
37.5 16.88
16.88
37.5
37.5 16.88
37.5 16.88
42.5 19.13
42.5 19.13
42.5 19.13
42.5 19.13
42.5 19.13
19.13
42.5

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.
1907..............
1908...............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

50.0
50.0
52.1
52. 4
52.4
52.4
52.4
54.2
56.3
56.3
56.3

24.00
24.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
27.00
27.00

48
48
48
47|
47*
47f
47§
48
48
48
48

100
100
104
105
105
105
105
108
113
113
113

1

100
100
104
104
104
104
104
108
113
113
113

100
100
100
99
99
99
99
100
100
100
100

Relative—
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor
full
per
per
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

Cents.

45.8 $22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
49.0 23.50
52.1 25.00
52.1
25.00
52.1
25.00
54.2 26.00

35.6
35.6
35.6
35.6
36.1
36.1
36.1
38.9
38.9
44.4
44.4

19.20
19.20
19.20
19. 20
19.50
19.50
19.50
21.00
21.00
24.00
24.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100
100
101
101
101
109
109
125
125

30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
30.0
32.5
32.5
35.0
42.0

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0




27. 81
27. 81
27.81
27. 81
27. 81
27. 81
30.59
33.38
33.38
33.38
33.38

44i
44i

44i
44^
44J
44£
44J
44J
444
44i l
44|
1

100
100
100
100
100
100
110
120
120
120
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
17.06
17.06
16.80
20.16

55
55
55
55
55
55
55
52J
52i
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
108
108
117
140

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
103
103
102
122

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
95
95
87
87

100
100
106
99
103
103
115
115
115
126
126

100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
100
100
101
101
101
101
101
101

Painters.
100
100
100
100
102
102
102
109
109
125
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

40.0
40.0
42.5
43.2
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0

19. 20
19. 20
20. 40
19.00
19.80
19.80
22.00
22.00
22.00
24. 20
24.20

48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
106
108
113
113
125
125
125
138
138

Plasterers’ laborers.

Plasterers.
1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911...............
1912...............
1913...............
1914...............
1915...............
1916...............
1917...............

100
100
100
100
100
100
107
114
114
114
118

Machinists, manufacturing shops.

Molders, iron.
1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911...............
1912..............
1913...............
1914...............
1915............... [
1916...............
1917............... |

100
100
100
100
100
100
107
114
114
114
118

100
100
100
100
100
100
110
120
120
120
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0

18.91
18.91
18.91
18.91
18.91
20. 25
20. 25
20. 25
20. 25
20. 25
20. 25

44i

44J
44^
44J

44\
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
100
100
100
106
10«
106
106
106
106

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1917.

39

9.—UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 to 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

T able

CINCINNATI, OHIO—Concluded.
Plumbers and gas fitters.

Stereotypers, daywork: newspaper.

Rates of
Relative—
Relative—
wages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
labor
labor
Rates Hours
of
of
per
per
of
of
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week, Rates wages labor
of
of
Per
week, full wages per
per hour. week, full wages per
per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909...............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916...............
1917...............

Cents.

50.0 $22. 25
50.0 22. 25
50.0 22. 25
56.3 25.03
56.3 25.03
56.3 25.03
61.8 27.50
61.8 27.50
61.8 27.50
61.8 27. 50
65. 6 28. 87

44!
44!
44J
44!
44*
44j
44!
44!
44!
44
44

100
100
100
113
113
113
124
124
124
124
131

100
100
100
112
112
112
124
124
124
124
130

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99
99

Cents.

1 37.9
137.9

137.5
3 43.5
3 43.5
544.1
647.1
50.0
50.0
50.0
51.0

Stonecutters.
1907...............
1908...............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915...............
1916..............
1917..............

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
60.0
62.5
65.0

44!
44!
44!
44!
44!
44!
44!
44!
44!
44!
44

25.03
25. 03
25.03
25.03
25.03
25.03
25.03
25.03
26.70
27. 81
27.50

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
111
115

$21.60
21. 60
21.60
22. 20
22. 20
22.50
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.50

257
257
2 57
451
451
451
451
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
115
115
116
124
132
132
132
135

100
100
100
103
103
104
111
111
111
111
113

100
100
100
89
89
89
89
84
84
84

Structural-iron workers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
111
110

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
99

45.0
45.0
50.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
65.0

21.60
21.60
24.00
26.70
26.70
26.70
27. 81
27. 81
27. 81
27. 81
28.60

48
48
48
44!
44!
44!
44!
44!
44!
44!
44

100
100
111
133
133
133
139
139
139
139
144

100
100
111
124
124
124
129
129
129
129
132

100
100
100
93
93
93
93
93
93
93
92

DENVER, COLO.
Blacksmiths, manufacturing and jobbing
shops.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911...............
1912..............
19,13..............
1914..............
1915...............
1916..............
1917...............

Cents.

36.0 $19.44
36.0 19.44
36.0 19.44
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
41.0 22.14
50.0 27.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111
114
139

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111
114
139

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Boiler makers, manufacturing and jobbing
shops.

Cents.

37.0 $19.98
37.0
19.98
37.0 19.98
37.0
19.98
37.0 19. 98
41.0 22.14
41.0 22.14
41.0 22.14
41.0 22.14
41.0 22.14
42.5 21.68

75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
87.5
87.5

33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
38.50
38.50

140 cents, October to March.
2 54 hours, October to March.




44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
117
117

100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
115

100
100
100
100
100
HI
111
HI
111
111
109

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94

100
110
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
140

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Carpenters.

Bricklayers.
1907.............
1908.............. ;
1,909..............
1910...............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1*914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
51

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
117
117

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
55.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
70.0

3451 cents, October to March.
448 hours, October to March.

22.00
24.20
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
30.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
110
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
140

& cents, October to March.
46|
6 50 cents, October to March.

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

40

T a b l e 9 . — UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER W EE K AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 to 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

IN 13

DENVER, COLO.—Continued.
Compositors, book and job.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907...............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
per Rates
O
f
of
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor Per
per hour.
per
full
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

Cents.

45.8 $22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
52.1 25.00
53.1 25.50
54.2 26.00
54.2 26.00
54.2 26.00
54.2 26.00
54.2 26.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
114
116
118
118
118
118
118

Cents.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
114
116
118
118
118
118
118

50.0 $23.00
50.0 23.00
55.0 25.30
55.0 25.30
63.3 28.50
63.3 28.50
63.3 28.50
63.3 28.50
63.3 28.50
63.3 28.50
63.3 28.50

Eleetrotypers: Finishers.
1907..............
1908..............
1009..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914...............
1915...............
1916..............
1917...............

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
47.9

21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
23.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
' 100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
109

Relative—
Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
per Rates
of
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor
per
per
full
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

46
46
46
46
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
110
110
127
127
127
127
127
127
127

100
100
110
110
124
124
124
124
124
124
124

100
100
100
100
98
98
98
98
98
98
98

Eleetrotypers: Molders.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
109

52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
54.2

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
26.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
104

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
104

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
Hod carriers: Brick men.
1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910..............
1911...............
1912...............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916...............
1917..............

34.4
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
43.8

15.13
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
19.25

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
127

Hod carriers: Mortar men.

100
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
127

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.
1907............... 50.0 23.00
1908............... i 50.0 i 23.00
1909............... 55.0 25.30
1910.............. 55.0 25.30
1911.............. 63.3 28.50
1912............... 63.3 28.50
1913.............. 63.3 28.50
1914..............
63.3 28.50
1915.............. 63.3 28.50
1916.............. 63.3 28.50
1917............... 63.3 28.50




46
46
46
46
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
110
110
127
127
127
127
127
127
127

100
100
110
110
124
124
124
124
124
124
124

1

100
ioo
100
100
98
98
98
98
98
98
98

37.5
40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
46.9

16.50
17.88
17.88
17.88
17.88
17.88
17.88
17.88
17.88
17.88
20.63

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
125

100
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Machinists, manufacturing and jobbing
shops.
37.5
! 37.5
j 37.5
, 37.5
37.5
40.0
40.0
| 40.0
40.0
! 40.0
: 42.5

1And a bonus in addition.

20.25
20.25
20.25
20.25
20.25
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.68

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
51

100
100
100 ‘ 100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
113

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1917.

41

9— UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

T abl e

DENVER, COLO.—Concluded.
Holders, iron.

Painters.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908 .............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
191 2
191 3
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917...............

Rates of
Relative—
Relative—
wages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
labor
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
per Rates
of
of
of
Per
Per
of
of
week, week, wages wages labor Per week, week, wages wages labor
per hour.
full
per
per
full
per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Cents.

44.4 $24.00
41.7 22.50
41.7 22.50
41.7 22.50
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
50.0 24.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48

100
100
94
94
94 . 94
94
94
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
113
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
110
100
100
100
89

Cents.

50.0 $22.00
50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00
55.0 24.20
62.5 27.50

Plasterers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
191«..............
1917..............

68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
87.5

30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
38.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
109
109
109
109
127

56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0

27.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
33.00

48
44
44
54
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
109
109
109
109
127

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
102
102
102
102
102
102
102
102
102
122

40.6
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5




27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

17.88
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
22.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
123

100
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
123

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

46.9
46.9
46.9
50?0
53.1
53.1
53.1
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3

Stonecutters.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
125

Plasterers’ laborers.

Plumbers and gas fitters.
1907...............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914...............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

22.50
22.50
22.50
24.00
25.50
25.50
25.50
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
107
113
113
113
120
120
120
120

100
100
100
107
113
113
113
120
120
120
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Structural-iron workers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
70.0

22.00
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24. 75
27.50
27.50
30.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
125
125
140

100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
125
125
140

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

42

BU LLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

9— UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 to 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

T a bl e

NEW ORLEANS, LA.
Blacksmiths, manufacturing.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Cents.
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1

1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911..............
1912...............
1913........
1914..............
1915...............
1916..............
1917...............

Boiler makers, manufacturing.
Rates of
wages—

Relative-

Hours
of
I
Rates Hours
labor
of
of
per Rates
Per week,
of
week, full wages wages labor Per
per
per
full
time. per week, week, hour.
time.
hour. full
full
time. time.

$19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.
33.3
33.3
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
43.8

Per
week,
full
time.

$18.00
18.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00

Bricklayers.
1907...............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911...............
1912..............
1913..............
1914...............
1915...............
1916...............
1917...............

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5

30.00
30.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50

48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

|
Relative—
1
Hours
of
Rates iHours
labor
per Rates
of 1 of
week,
of
wages labor
full wages per I per
time. per week, week,
hour. full
full
time. time.

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48

100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
132

100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89

100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Carpenters.
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

Compositors, book and job.

45.0
45.0
45.0
40.0
400
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

21.60
21.60
21.60
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.

i
1907..............
1908..............
1909...............!
1910.............. ;
1911.............. i
1912.............. i
1913.............. j
1914.............. 1
1915.............. !
1916..............
1917...............

39.6
39.6
40.6
41.7
41.7
42.7
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8

19.00
19.00
19.50
20.00
20.00
20.50
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
103
105
105
108
111
111
111
111
111

100
100
103
105
105
108
111
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
56.0
57.0
57.0
57.0

Granite cutters, inside.
1907.............. |
1908.............. !
1909.............. 1
1910.............. j
1911.............. 1
1912.............. i
1913.............. |
1914..............
1915.............. 1
1916.............. 1
1917...............
I

33.3
33.3
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0




18.00
18.00
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
20.25
20.25
20.25
22.00
22.00

54
48
48
48
48
48
45
45
45
45
44

100
100
120
120
120
120
135
135
135
150
150

100
100
107
107
107
107
113
113
113
122
122

23.38
23.38
23.38
23.38
23.38
23.38
23.38
23.80
24.23
21.23
24.23

42*
42i
42§
42J
42*
42i
42J
42J
42|
42J
42i

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
102
104
104
104

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
102
104
104
104

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
91
91
104
104
104
104
104

100
100
100
100
100
100
94
94
94
94
94

Linotype operators.

i

100
89
89
89
89
89
83
83
83
83
81

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
43.8
43.8
53.3
53.3
53.3
53.3
53.3

23.04
23.04
23.04
23.04
21.00
21.00
24.0024.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
100
100
91
91
111
111
111
111
111

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

43’

9.—UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

T able

N E W ORLEANS, L A .— Concluded.

Machinists, manufacturing.

Molders, iron.

Rates of
wages—
Year.

Per
hour.

1907 .............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Rates of
Relative—
Relativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
labor
Rates Hours
Rates Hours
labor
of
per
of
per
of
of
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week, Rates wages labor
of
of
Per
week, full wages per
per hour. week, full wages per
per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Cents.

33.3 $18.00
33.3 18.00
38.9 21.00
38.9 21.00
38.9 21.00
38.9 21.00
38.9 21.00
38.9 21.00
38.9 21.00
43.8 21.00
50.0 24.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48

100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
132
150

100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89

Cents.

36.1 $19.50
36.1 19.50
36.1 19.50
36.1 19.50
36.1 19.50
36.1 19.50
36.1 19.50
36.1 19.50
36.1 19.50
38.9 21.00
50.0 24.00

Painters.
.1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

37.5
37.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

18.00
18.00
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20
19.20

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107

27.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
32.5
28.3

13.20
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
15.60
12.75

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45

100
118
118
118
118
118
118
118
118
118
103

100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
50.0
50.0
62.5

31.3
32.1
32.1
32.1
32.1
32.1
32.1
43.9
46.0
50.0
50.0




15.00
15.42
15.42
15.42
15.42
15.42
15.42
18.42
19.32
21.00
21.00

'48
48
48
48
48
48
48
42
42
42
42

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
103
123

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
24.00
24.00
28.13

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45

100
100
100
100
100
125
125
125
100
100
125

100
100
100
100
100
125
125
125
100
100
117

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94

Plumbers and gas fitters.
100
118
118
118
118
118
118
118
118
118
97

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94

50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
108
139

Plasterers.

Plasterers7laborers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910...... ’.......
_
1911_ : .......
1912_ .*
_ .......
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48

100
100
103
103
103
103
103
103
103
103
103
103
103
103
140
123
147 | 129
160 | 140
160
140

24.00
24.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27-00
27.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
113

100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
113

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Structural-iron workers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
88
88
88
88

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
27.00
27.50 I
27.50 !
27.50
27.50
27.50 1
27.50

48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
113
125
125
125
125
125
125

100
100
100
100
113
115
115
115
115
115
115

100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92

BU LLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

44

T abl e 9 .— UNION
.

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 to 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
NEW YORK, N. Y.
Blacksmiths, manufacturing and jobbing
shops.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907...............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917...............

Cents.
40.9
40.9
40.9
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
53.1
53.1

Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
per Rates
of
O
f
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor Per
per hour.
per
full
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

$22.08
22.08
22.08
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.50
25.50

i 53
153
153
153
153
153
153
153
153
48
48

100
100
100
109
109
109
109
109
109
130
130

100
100
100
109
109
109
109
109
109
115
115

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91

Bricklayers.
1907...............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911...............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917.:...........

70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0

Boiler makers, shopmen.

30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107

Cents.
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
46.9
49.4

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8

27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.25

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
62.5




22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
125

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48

100
100
100
100
115
115
115
115
115
130
137

100
100
100
100
115
115
115
115
115
115
122

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
125

24.75
24. 75
24.75
24. 75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24. 75
24. 75
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
.100
100
100
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
113
11*
113
113
113
113
113
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
112

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Carpenter.;: Queens.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5

Carpenters: Richmond.
1907..............
1908...............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916...............
1917...............

$19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50
23.70

Carpenters: The Bronx and Brooklyn.

Carpenters: Manhattan.
1907...............
1908.............
1909..............
1910..............
1911...............
1912..............
1913...............
1914..............
1915...............
1916..............
1917..............

Relative—
Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
per Rates
of
of
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor
per
per
full
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

22.00
22.00
22.00
24.75
24.75
24.75
24. 75
24.75
24.75
24.75
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
113
125

Cement finishers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
G2.5
62.5
02. 5
70.0

1 Worked 53 hours, paid for 54.

27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
112

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOE, M A Y 15, 1917.

45

T a b l e 9*—UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
NEW YORK, N. Y.—Continued.
Compositors, book and job.

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.

Rates of
Relative—
Relativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
labor
Rates Hours
labor
of
of
per
of
of
per
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week, Rates wages labor
of
of
Per
week, full wages per
per hour. week, full wages per
per
full
full
r
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Cents.

43.8 $21.00
43.8 21.00
43.8 21.00
45.9 22.00
45.9 22.00
47.9 23.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
52.1 25.00
52.1 25.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
105
105
110
114
114
114
119
119

100
100
100
105
105
110
114
114
114
119
119

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.

62.2 $28.00
62.2 28.00
62.2 28.00
64.4 29.00
64.4 29.00
64.4 29.00
66.7 30.00
66.7 30.00
66.7 30.00
66.7 30.00
66.7 30.00

Electrotypers: Finishers and molders.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
65.6
68.8
68.8

24.75
24.75
24. 75
24. 75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
28.88
30. 25
30.25

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
117
122
122

100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
117
122
122

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5

24.75
24.75
24.75
24. 75
24-75
24.75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111

Linotype operators, book and job.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

47.9
47.9
47.9
50.0
50.0
52.1
54.2
54.2
54.2
54.2
54.2




22.98
22.98
22.98
24.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
26.00

48
48
48
. 48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
104
104
109
113
113
113
113
113

100
100
100
104
104
109
113
113
113
113
113

100
100
100
104
104
104
107
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Granite cutters, inside.
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19. 25
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
114

100
100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
114

100
100
100
1©
0
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
113

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Hod carriers.

Granite cutters, outside.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

100
100
100
104
104
104
107
107
107
107
107

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

37.5 | 16.50
37.5 16.50
37.5 16.50
37.5
16.50
37.5 16.50
37.5 16.50
37.5 16.50
37.5
16.50
37.5 16.50
37.5- 16.50
42.5 18. 70

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

!

100
100
100
100
100
100

: ioo
I 100
1 100
100
113

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.
100 62.2
100 62.2
100 62.2
100 64.4
100 64.4
100 64.4
100 66.7
100 66.7
100 66.7
100 ; 66.7
100 66.7 !
i, .. _

28.00
28.00
28.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45

100
100
100
104
104
104
107
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
104
104
104
107
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

46

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 9 . — UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK, IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 to 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
NEW YORK, N. Y.—Continued.
Machinists, manufacturing and jobbing
shops: Shops A.

Rates of
wages—

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917.

Cents.
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
40.6
40.6
40.6
40.6
46.9
56.3

Relative
I
Hours
of
Rates
labor
per Rates t of
Per week,
of ; wages
week, full wages j per
full
per !
time. time. hour. |week,
full
I time.

100
100
100
100
100
112
112
112
112
130
156

$19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
22.50
27.00

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
| 100
| 115
138
'
i
i
,
!
:

Machinists, manufacturing and jobbing
shops: Shops B.

Hours
of
labor Per
per hour.
week,
full
time.

100
100
100
100
100

I
Relative—
Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
of
per Rates
Per week,
of
wages labor
week, full wages per
per
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.
I

Cents.

36.1 $19.50
36.1
19.50
36.1 19.50
36.1 19.50
36.1
19.50
38.2 19.50
40.0 19.50
40.0 19.50
40.0 19.50
46.9 22.50
56.3
27.00

Machinists, manufacturing and jobbing
shops: Shops C.
190
190
190
191
191
191
191
191
191
191
191

7
8
9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
36.1
37.1
38.2
38.2
38.2
46.9
56.3

19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
19.50
22.50
27.00

54
54
54
54
54
52J
51
51
51
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
103
106
106
106
130
156

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
115
138

100
100
100
100
100
97
94
94
94
89
89

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
62.5
62.5

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
27.50
27.50

44
100
44
100
44
100
44
100
,44
100
44
100
44 1 100
44
100
44
100
44
125
44
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
125
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

36.1
36.1
36.1
38.9
38.9
38.9
38.9
41.7
41.7
41.7
47.2

68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
75.0
75.0




30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
33.00
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
109

109

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
115
138

100
100
100
100
100
94
91
91
91

19.50
19.50
19.50
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
22.50
22.50
22.50
25.50

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100
108
108
108
108
115
115
115
131

100
100
100
108
108
108
108
115
115
115
131

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
143

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
117
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Painters: Queens.
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
62.5

Plasterers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

100
100
100
100
100
106
111
111
111
130
156

Molders, iron.

Painters: Manhattan, The Bronx, Kings,
and Richmond.
1907..............
1908..............
1909...............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

54
54
54
54
54
51
49*
49£
49i
48
48

19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
143

Plasterers’’ laborers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
109
109

100 37.5
100 ! 40.6
100 40.6
100 40.6
100 40.6
100 40.6
100 40.6
100 40.6
100 40.6
100 43.8
100 46.9

16.50
17.88
17.88
17.88
17.88
17.88
17.88
17.88
17.88
19.25
20.63

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
108
117
125

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1911,

47

T a b l e 9 .— UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
NEW YORK, N. Y.—Concluded.
Plumbers and gas fitters, Manhattan and
The Bronx.

Plumbers and gas fitters, Brooklyn.
i
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908...............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916...............
1917..............

Rates of
wages—

Relative-

Hours
of
1
Rates Hours
labor
of
of
per Rates
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor Per
per
per
full
full time. per week, week, hour.
time.
full
hour. full
time. time.

Cents.

59.4 $26.13
59.4 26.13
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
68.8 30. 25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30. 25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30. 25
68.8 30. 25

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
105
105
105
116
116
116
116
116
116

100
100
105
105
105
116
116
116
116
116
116

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.

62.5 $27. 50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
68.8 30. 25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30. 25
68.8 30. 25
68. 8 30. 25
68. 8 30. 25
68. 8 30.25

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.
1907..............
1908..............
1909 ..........
1910 ..........
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5

27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5

24.75
24.75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
27.50
27.50
27. 50
27.50

44
44
•4
4
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100 . 100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

60.0
60.0
60.0
62.5
62. 5
62. 5
62. 5
62.5
62.5
66.3
68.8




26. 40
26. 40
26. 40
27. 50
27.50
27. 50
27.50
27. 50
27. 50
29.15
30. 25

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
104
104
104
104
104
104
110
115

100
100
100
104
104
104
104
104
104
110
115

100
100
100
100
110
110
110
110
110
110
110

100
100
100
100
110
110
110
110
110
110
'110

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.5
62.5
62.5
62. 5
62. 5
62. 5
68.4
68. 8
68. 8
68. 8
68. 8

27.50
27.50
27. 50
27. 50
27.50
27.50
30. 09
30. 25
30. 25
30. 25
30. 25

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
109
110
110
110
110

100
100
100
100
100
100
109
110
110
110
110

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Stonecutters, third class.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Structural-iron workers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

Stonecutters, first class.

Stonecutters, second class.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910 ...........
1911..............
1912.............
1913..............
1914 ...........
1915 ...........
1916..............
1917..............

RelativeHours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor
full
per
per
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50. 0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
113
113
113
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
113
113
113
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

48

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 9 .— UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
P H ILA D E L P H IA , PA.

Boiler makers, outside.

Boiler makers, manufacturing shops.

1
Rates of
Relative—
Relative
1
wages—
Hours
iHours
of
of
labor
Rates Hours
Rates Hours
labor
of
per
of
of
per Rates
of
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week,
of
of
wages labor Per week,
week, full wages per
per hour.
full wages per
per
full
full
week,
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Cents.
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.-3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
50.0

$15. 98
15.98
15.98
15.98
14.65
17.98
16. 33
16.33
16.33
16.33
24.00

48
48
48
48
44
54
49
49
49
49
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
150

100
100
100
100
92
113
102
102
102
102
100

100
100
100
100
92
113
102
102
102
102
150

Cents.
48.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3

$21.00
21.00
21.00
21. 00
22.00
22.00
24.00
24.00
22.00
22. 00
24. 75

Bricklayers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915...............
1916..............
1917..............

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
65.0
65.0
65.0
70.0

27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
28.60
28.60
28.60
30.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100

100
100

100
100
100
104
104
104
112

45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
47.5
50.0
50.0
55.0

24.30
24.30
24.30
24.30
22.28
22.28
22.28
25.65
27.00
22.00
24.20

54
54
54
54

m
m
m

54
54
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
111
111
122

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
104
104
104
112

41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7




20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
* 100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
105
105
114
114
105
105
118

100
100
100
100
92
92
100
100
92
92
92

45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
60.0

19.80
19.80
19.80
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
24.20
24. 20
24.20
26.40

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
122
122
122
133

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
122
122
122
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Compositors, book and job.
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
106
111
91
100

100
100
100
lO
'O
92
92
92
100
100
81
81

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911...............
1912..............
1913..............
1914.............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
114
129

Carpenters.

Cement finishers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

48
48
48
48
44
44
48
48
44
44
44

100
'100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

!
'
»
:
!

37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
39.6
41.7
41.7
41.7
43.8

18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
21.00

48 !
48
48
48
48
48
48
48 |
48 i
48
48 !

100
100
100
100
100
100
106
111
111
111
117

100
100
100
100
100
100
106
111
111
111
117

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Eleetrotypers: Molders.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100!

37.0 20.00
37.0 ! 20.00
37.0 20.00
41.7 20.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
52.1
25.00
52.1
25.00
54.1
26.00
56.3 27.00

54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
113
124
124
124
141
141
146
152

100
100
100
100
110
110
110
125
125
130
135

100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

49

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1917.
T a b l e 9 .— UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER W EEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER W EEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
PH IL A D E L PH IA , P A .—Continued.

Hod carriers.

Granite cutters, outside.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915 ...........
1916..............
191V..............

Cents.
47.8
47.8
47.8
47.8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
60.0

Rates of
wages—

Relative—

of
labor
Rates
of
per
Per week, Rates wages
of
week, full wages per
full time. per week,
time.
hour. full
time.

$21.01
21.01
21.01
21.01
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
26.40

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
105
105
105
105
105
105
126

100
100
100
100
105
105
105
105
105
105
126

Hours
of
labor Per
per hour.
week,
full
time.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Inside wiremen.
1907..............
1908..............
1909 ...........
1910.............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915 ..........
1916..............
1917..............

45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
56.3

21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
21.60
19.80
19.80
19.80
22.00
24.75

i 48
i 48
i 48
i 48
i 48
i 48
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111
125

45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
45.8

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

of
Rates
labor
of
per
Per week, Rates wages
of
week, full wages per
full time. per week,
time.
hour. full
time.

Cents.

35.0 $15.40
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
40.0 17.60
45.0 19.80

100
100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
102
115

100
100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
41.7
43.8
45.8
45.8
45.8
47.9

20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
23.00

17.40
17.40
17.40
17.40
19.50
19.50
19.50
21.00
21.00
24.00
27.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100
100
112
112
112
121
121
138
155

33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
35.0
45.0
48.0




100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
114
129

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
105
no
110
110
115

100
100
100
100
100
100
105
110
110
110
115

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.90
24.30
25.92

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
105
135
144

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
105
135
144

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
106
106
106
106
106
106
106

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Painters.
100
100
100
100
112
112
112
121
121
138
155

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

40.0
40.0
40.0
42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
45-0

1 44 hours June to September.

62373°— 19— Bull. 245------ 4

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
114
129

Machinists, manufacturing shops.

Molders, iron.
1907.............. 32.2
1908.............. 32.2
1909.............. . 32.2
1910.............. 32.2
1911.............. 36.1
1912............. 36.1
1913.............. 36.1
1914.............. 38.9
1915.............. 38.9
1916.............. 44.4
1917.............. 50.0

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

Hours
of
labor
per
week,
full
time.

Linotype operators, book and job.

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper. |
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Relative

17.60
17.60
17.60
18.70
18.70
18.70
18.70
18.70
18.70
18.70
19.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
106
106
106
106
106
106
106
113

m

50

BU LLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

9.—UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
"
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

T a b le

PHILADELPHIA, PA.—Concluded.
Plasterers.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908...............
1909..............
1910...............
1911...............
1912...............
1913...............
1914...............
1915..............
1916...............
1917..............

Plasterers’ laborers.
Rates of
wages—

Relative—

Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
per Rates
of
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor Per
per hour.
per
full
full
week,
per
time. time. hour. week, full
full
time. time.

Cents.

59.4 $26.13
59.4 26.13
59.4 26.13
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 25.00
62.5 25.00
70.0 28.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40
40

100
100
100
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
118

100
100
100
105
105
105
105
105
96
96
107

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91
91

Plumbers and gas fitters, union A.
1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911...............
1912...............
1913...............
1914...............
1915...............
1916...............
1917...............

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3

19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
24.75

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
114
129

100
100
100
100
114
114
114
114
114
114
129

Cents.

43.8 $19.25
43.8
19.25
43.8
19.25
43.8
19.25
43.8 19.25
43.8
19.25
43.8
19.25
43.8
19.25
19.36
44.0
44.0 17.60
46.9
18.75

37.5
37.5
37.5
40.6
40.6
40.6
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8

20.25
20.25
20.25
19.50
19.50
19.50
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00

54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
108
108
108
117
117
117
117
117

100
100
100
96
96
96
104
104
104
104
104

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
56.3

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
53.0
62.5
62.5
70.0




22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
23.32
27.50
27.50
30.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
125
125
140

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
101
91
97

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91

19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
24.75

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
129

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
129

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
113
113
130

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Stonecutters, inside.
100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
53.0
56.3
56.3
65.0

Stonecutters, outside.
1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911...............
1912...............
1913..............
1914..............
1915.............. !
1916.............. !
1917.............. '

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40

Plumbers and gas fitters, union B.

Stereotypers, day work, newspaper.
1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911...............
1912...............
1913...............
1914...............
1915...............
1916...............
1917...............

RelativeHours
of *
Rates Hours
labor
of
of
per Rates
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor
per
per
full
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
23.32
24.75
24.75
28.60

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
113
113
130

Structural-iron workers.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
125
125
140

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
70.0

24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
30.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
124

100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107
124

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.

51

T a b le 9 .— UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
PITTSBURGH, PA.
Boiler makers, manufacturing and jobbing
shops.

Blacksmiths, manufacturing shops.

Rates of
RelativeRelativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
labor
Rates Hours
labor
of
per
of
of
of
per
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week, Rates wages labor
of
of
week, full wages per
Per
per hour. week,
per
full wages per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911...............
1912...............
1913...............
1914...............
1915...............
1916...............
1917...............

Cents.

27.8 $15.00
30.6 16.50
30.6 16.50
30.6 16.50
30.6 16.50
33.3 18.00
37.5 18.00
37.5 18.00
37.5 18.00
37.5 18.00
46.9 22. 50

54
54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48

100
110
110
110
110
120
135
135
135
135
169

100
110
110
110
110
120
120
120
120
120
150

100
100
100
100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89

Cents.

35.0 $18.90
35.0 18.90
35.0 18*90
35.0 18.90
36.7 19.80
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
40.0 21. 60
44.0 22.00
46.0 23.00

Bricklayers.
1907...............
1908...............
1909..............
1910...............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

60.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
65.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
75.0

26.40
28. 60
28.60
28.60
28.60
28.60
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
108
108
108
108
108
117
117
117
117
125

33.3
33.3
33.3
35.4
37.5
39.6
39.6
41.7
41.7
43.8
43.8

16.00
16.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
19.00
20.00
20.00
21.00
21.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
106
113
119
119
125
125
131
131

100
108
108
108
108
108
117
117
117
117
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
106
113
119
119
125
125
131
131

43.8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
55.0
56.3
62.5
62.5
71.0

33.3
38.9
38.9
38.9
41.2
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
45.8




18.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
22.00

54
54
54
54
51
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
117
117
117
124
131
131
131
131
131
138

100
100
100
100
105
114
114
114
114
116
122

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
93
93

100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
122

21. 00
24.00
24. 00
24.00
22.00
22.00
24.20
24.75
27. 50
27.50
31.24

48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
114
114
114
114
114
126
129
143
143
162

100
114
114
114
105
105
115
118
131
131
149

100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
61.0

Electrotypers: Finishers.
1907..............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911...............
1912...............
1913...............
1914..............
1915..............
1916...............
1917...............

100
100
100
100
105
114
114
114
114
126
131

Carpenters.

Compositors, book and job.
1907..............
1908..............
1909.......•
.......
1910..............
1911..............
1912...............
1913...............
1914...............
1915...............
1916...............
1917...............

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
50
50

24.00
24.00
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.45

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45
45
45
45

100
100
110
110
110
110
110
120
120
120
122

100
100
110
110
110
100
110
113
113
113
114

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94
94
94
94

Electrotypers: Molders.
100
100
100
100
94
89
89
89
89
89
89

38.9
44.4
44.4
44.4
47.1
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
52.1

21.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24., 00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.00

54
54
54
54
51
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
114
114
114
121
129
129
129
129
129
134

100
114
114
114
114
114
114
114
114
114
119

100
100
100
100
94
89
89
89
89
89
89

52

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 9 .— UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
PITTSBURGH, PA.—Continued.
Linot ype operators, daywork, newspaper.

Hod carriers.

Rat es of
Relative—
Relative—
wagres—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
Rates Hours
labor
labor
of
of
of
of
per
per Rates
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week,
of
wages labor Per week,
of
week, full wages per
per
per hour.
full wages per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907...................
1908...................
1909...................
1910..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916..................
1917...................

Cents.
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
45.0
45.0

$16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
16.50
17.60
17.60
17. 60
19.80
19.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
120
120

Cents.
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
120
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
55.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
61.0

$24.00
24.00
26. 40
26. 40
26.40
26. 40
26. 40
27.00
27. 00
27.00
27.45

Machinists, manufacturing shops.
30.0
1907..................
30.0
1908...................
30.0
1909...................
35.0
1910...................
35.0
1911.................
1912...................
35.0
1913................... f 35.0
1914...................
35.0
35.0
1915...................
35.0
1916...................
50.0
1917...................

16. 20
16.20
16.20
18.90
18.90
18.90
18.90
18.90
18.90
18.90
27.00

54,
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
167

100
100
100
117
117
117
117
117
117
117
167

42.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
50.0
52.5
55.0
56.3
58.1
58.1
65.0

20.40
20.40
20.40
20.40
22.00
23.10
24.20
24.75
25.58
25.58
28.60

48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
118
124
129
132
137
137
153

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
92
92
9292
92
92
92

50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
68.8
75.0




24.00
24.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
27.50
27.50
30.25
30.25
33.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
113
113
113
125
125
125
138
138
150

100
100
113
113
113
125
115
115
126
126
138

100
100
110

110
120
120
120
122

110
113
113
113
114

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
94
94
‘4
4
94

100
100
93
100
100
107
114
114
114
114
114

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
122
128
133
133

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

no

he

1’ >
”

21.00
21.00
19. 50
21.00
21.00
22.50
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48

100
100
93
100
100
107
114
114
114
114
129

Plasterers.
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
71.9
75.0
75.0

24.75
24.75
24.75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.25
31.63
33.00
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
111
111
111
111
122
128
133
133

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.

Plumbers and gas fitters.
1907..................
1908...................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915..................
1916...................
1917...................

38.9
38.9
36.1
38.9
38.9
41.7
44.4
44.4
44.4
44.4
50.0

1
100
100
100
100
108
113
119
121
125
125
140

100
100
110
110
110

Molders, iron.

Painters.
1907..................
1908..................
1909..................
1910..................
1911..................
1912..................
1913..................
1914..................
1915...................
1916..................
1917..................

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45
45
45
45

100
100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92

42.5
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
45.0
46.9
46.9
46.9
48.4
50.0

20.40
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.60
22.50
22.50
22.50
23.25
24.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
103
103
103
103
106
no
110
110
114
118

100
103
103
103
103
106
110
110
110
114
118

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

* 53

T a b l e 9 .— UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
PITTSBURGH, PA.—Concluded.
Stonecutters.

Structural-iron workers.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

Cents.

1907.............. 50.0
1908.............. 50.0
1909.............. 50.0
1910.............. 50.0
1911.............. 50.0
1912.............. 50.0
1913.............. 50.0
1914.............. 55.0
1915.............. 1 56.3
1916.............. I 62.5
1917........ . ! 62.5

Rates of
Relative—
Relativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
labor
Rates Hours
labor
Rates Hours
per
of
of
per
of
of
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week, Rates wages labor
of
of
week,
Per
fllll wages per
per hour. week,
full wages per
per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.
i

$22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
24.20
24.75
27.50
27.50

44
44
44 I
44 1
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
113
126
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110
113
125
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.

i 50.0
i 56.3
| 56.3
56.3
! 56.3
l 56.3
! 62.5
! 62.5
! 62.5
! 62.5
70.0

$24.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
24.75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.80

48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
113
113
113
113
113
125
125
125
125
140

100
113
113
113
113
103
115
115
115
115
128

100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92

ST. LOUIS, MO.
Blacksmiths, manufacturing shops.
1907.............'.
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Cents.
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
33.3
40.0

$18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
21.60

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
'54 :

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
120

Boiler makers, manufacturing shops.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.
35.0
35.0
38.0
38.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$18.90
18.90
20.52
20.52
21.60
21.60
119.80
119.80
119.80
119.80
i 19.80

Bricklayers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

65.0
65.0
65.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0

28.60
28.60
28.60
30.80
30.80
30. S
O
30.80
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
108
108
108
108
115
115
115
115

57.5
57.5
57.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
60.0
60.0
60.0
62.5
62.5




25.30
25.30
25.30
27.50
27.50
27.50
26.40
26.40
26.40
27.50
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
109
109
109
104
104
104
109
109

im
1 49*
1 49*
im
1 49|

100
100
109
109
114
114
114
114
114
114
114 1

100
100
109
109
114
114
105
105
105
105
105 !

100
100
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92

100
100
109
109
114
114
114
114
114
114
118

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Carpenters.
100
100
100
108
108
108
108
115
115
115
115

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

55.0
55.0
60.0
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
65.0

Cement finishers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

54
54
54
54
54
54

24.20
24.20
26.40
26.40
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
28.60

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
109
109
114
114
114
114
114
114
118 !

Compositors, book and job.
100
100
100
109
109
109
104
104
104
109
109

100
100 i
100 1
100
100 !
100 i
100 1
100 s
100 i
100
100

38.0
38.0
38.0
41.7
42.7
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
45.8
47.9

18.24
18.24
18.24
20.00
20.50
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
22.00
23.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

i 54 hours, and $21.60 per Aveek, September to April, inclusive.

100
100
100
no
112
115
115
115
115
121
126

100
100
100
110
112
115
115
115
115
121
126

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

54

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

9.—UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

T a bl e

ST. LOUIS, MO.—Continued.
Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907...............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914...............
1915..............
1916...............
1917..............

Cents.
50.5
50.5
50.5
50.5
50.5
58.7
58.7
58.7
58.7
58.7
63.4

Electrotypers: Finishers.
Rates of
wages—

Relative-

Hours
of
Rates Hours
labor
of
of
per Rates
Per week,
wages labor Per
of
week,
per hour.
full wages per
full
week,
per
time. time. hour. week, fall
full
time. time.

$23.25
23.25
23.25
23.25
23. 25
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
29.16

46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46
46

100
100
100
100
100
116
116
116
116
116
126

100
100
100
100
100
116
116
116
116
116
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.

39.0 $19.50
39.0 19.50
42.0 21.00
42.0 21.00
42.0 21.00
42.0 21.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
47.9 23.00

Electrotypers: Molders.
1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911...............
1912...............
1913...............
1914...............
1915...............
1916...............
1917...............

42.0
42.0
44.0
44.0
44.0
44.0
47.9
47.9
47.9
47.9
50.0

21.00
21.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
23.00
23.00
23.00
23.00
24.00

50
50
50
50
50
50
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
105
105
105
105
114
114
114
114
119

100
100
105
105
105
105
110
110
110
110
114

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0

24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
24. 75
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40
26.40

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
107
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
100
100
100
96
96
96
96
96

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0




17.60
17.60
17.60
17.60
19.80
19.80
19. 80
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
113
113
113
125
125
125
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
107
100
107
100
107 * 100
107
100
107
100

100 j
100 '
100
100
113
113
113
125
125
125
125

100
100
108
108
108
108
117
117
117
117
123

100
100
108
108
108
108
113
113
113
113
118

100
100
100
100
100
100
96
96
96
96
96

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

H,od carriers: Brick men.

Hod carriers: Mortar men.
1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911..............
1912...............
1913...............
1914...............
1915...............
1916...............
1917...............

50
50
50
50
50
50
48
48
48
48
48

Granite cutters, inside.

Granite cutters, outside.
1907...............
1908...............
1909...............
1910...............
1911...............
1912!...............
1913...............
1914...............
1915..............
1916...............
1917...............

i
Relative
Hours
of
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
Per
of
week, week, wages wages labor
full
per
per
full
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
time. time.

37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
42.5
42.5
42.5
47.5
47.5
47.5
47.5

16. 50
16. 50
16. 50
16.50
18. 70
18. 70
18. 70
20.90
20.90
20. 90
20. 90

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
113
113
113
127
127
127
127

100
100
100
100
113
113
113
127
127
127
127

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Linotype operators, book and job.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
52.1
54.2

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24. 00
25.00
26.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
104
108

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
104
108

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1917.

55

9.—UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

T able

ST. LOUIS, MO.—Continued.
Machinists, manufacturing shops.

Molders, iron.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916...............
1917...............

Rates of
Relative—
Relativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
labor
labor
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
of
per Rates
of
of
Per
Per
of
of
week, week, wages wages labor Per week, week, wages wages labor
per hour.
per
full
per
full
per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Cents.

30.0 $16.20
17.82
33.0
17.82
33.0
33.0
17.82
33.0
17. 82
33.0
17. 82
33.0
17.82
37.0
19.98
37.0
19.98
37.0
19.98
44.0 23. 76

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
110
110
110
110
110
110
123
123
123
147

100
110
110
110
110
110
110
123
123
123
147

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.

35.0 $18.90
35.0
18.90
35.0
18.90
35.0 18.90
37.2 20.00
37.2 20.00
38.9 21.00
38.9 21.00
38.9 21.00
41.7 22.50
50.0 27.00

Painters.
1907..............
1908........... .
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

50.0
50.0
50.0
52.5
55.0
55.0
57.5
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5

22.00
22.00
22.00
23.10
24.20
24.20
25.30
26.40
27.50
27.50
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
105
110
110
115
120
125
125
125

45.0
45.0
45.0
45.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3

19.80
19.80
19.80
19.80
24.75
24.75
24. 75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
125
125
125
125
125
125
125

100
100
100
105
110
110
115
120
125
125
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0

33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00

46.9
46. 9
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
53.8
53.8
53.8
57.5
57.5




22.50
22.50
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.80
25.80
25.80
27.60
27.60

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
107
107
107
107
115
115
115
123
123

100
100
100
100
106
106
111
111
111
119
143

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Plumbers and gas fitters.
100
100
100
100
125
125
125
125
125
125
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.5
66.3
66.3
66.3
66.3
66.3
66.3
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.. 0

27.50
29.15
29.15
29.15
29.15
29.15
29.15
33.00
33.00
33.00
33. 00

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915........ .
1916.............
1917..............

100
100
100
100
106
106
111
111
111
119
143

Plasterers.

Plasterers ’ laborers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

100
100
107
107
107
107
115
115
115
123
123

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
106
106
106
106
106
106
120
120
120
120

100
106
106
106
106
106
106
120
120
120
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
*00

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Stonecutters.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
62. 5
62.5
62.5

24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24. 75
24.75
27.50
27.50
27. 50
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100 !
100 i
100
100
100
100
111
111
111
111
1

56

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 9 .— UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PEE HOUR AND PER W EEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER W EEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
ST. LOUIS, MO.—Concluded.
Structural-iron workers.
Rates of
I
RelativeRelativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
labor
Rates Hours
labor
per
of
of
of
per
of
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week, Rates wages labor
of
of
week, full wages per
Per
per hour. week, full wages per
per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Cents.

60.0 $26.40
60.0 26.40
60.0 26.40
60.0 26.40
65.0 28.. 60
65.0 28. 60
65.0 28.60
65.0 28.60
65.0 28.60
67.5 29.70
70.0 30.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
108
108
108
108
108
113
117

100
100
100
100
108
108
108
108
108
113
117

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
Blacksmiths, manufacturing shops.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Cents.

44.4 $24. 00
44. 4 24.00
45. 7 24.00
48. 5 24. 00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00

54
54
52i
49i
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
103
109
113
113
113
113
113
113
113

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

BoiIer makers>ma“j ^ ” ing ?nd jobbing

C
ents.

100 50.0 $27. 00
100 50.0 27. 00
97 50.0 26. 25
92 50.0 24. 75
89 50.0 24.00
89 50. 0 24.00
89 •50.0 24. 00
89 50.0 24.00
89 50.0 24.00
89 53. 1 25. 50
89 53.1 25.50

Bricklayers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1*14..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

87. 5 1 38.50
87.5 38. 50
87. 5 38.50
87.5 38.50
87.5 38.50
87.5 38.50
87.5 38.50
87.5 38.50
87.5 38.50
87.5 38.50
87.5 38.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0




36.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33. 00

48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

m

48'
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106
106

100
100
97
92
89
89
89
89
89
94
94

100
100
97
92
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Carpenters.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.5
62. o
62. 5
62. 5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62. 5
68.8
i

Cement finishers
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

54
54
52J

100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

27.50
27.50
27. 50
27. 50
27.50
27. 50
27. 50
27.50
27.50
27. 50
30. 25

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110

Compositors, book and job.
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
52. 6
54.2

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25. 25
2tj. 00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
105
108

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
105
108

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 191*7.

57

9.—UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.

T able

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.—Continued.

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.

Electrotypers: Finishers and molders.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Rates of
Relative—
Relative—
wages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
Rates Hours
labor
labor
Rates Hours
of
of
per
per
of
of
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week, Rates wages
of
of
labor
Per
week,
per hour. week, full wages per
full wages per
per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Cents.

60.0 $27.00
60.0 27.00
64.4 29.00
64.4 29.00
64. 4 29.00
64.4 29.00
64.4 29.00
64.4 29.00
69.0 29.00
69.0 29.00
69.0 29.00

100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
115
115
115

100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
93
93
93

Hod carriers.

.
1907..............
1908...............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916...........
1917..............

45
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
42
42
42

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22. 00
22.00
22.00
22.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
53.1
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3

$24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.50
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00

38.9
38.9
40.0
42. 4
43. 8
43. 8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0
50.0

21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
24. 00
24.00

54
54
52J
49§
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
103
109
113
113
113
113
113
129
129

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

60.0
60.0
64. 4
64. 4
64. 4
64.4
64. 4
64. 4
69.0
69.0
69.0

!

27.00
27.00
29. 00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29. 00
29.00
29.00
29.00

50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
59.4
62.5
62.5
62.5




24.00
24.00
24.00
24.75
24.75
24.75
24. 75
26.13
27.50
27.50
27.50

48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
113
113
113
113
119
125
125
125

100
100
100
100
106
113
113
113
113
113
113

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
114
114

45
•
45
45
45
45
45
45
45
42
42
42 I

100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
115
115
115

100
100
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107
107

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
93
93
93

100
100
103
109
113
113
113
113
113
113
120

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
106

100
100
97
92
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91

Molders, iron.
100
100
97
92
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

44.4
44. 4
45. 7
48. 5
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
53.1

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.50

54
54
52i
49!
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
Plasterers.

Painters.
1907..............
1908..............
1909...............
1910.............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

100
100
100
100
106
113
113
113
113
113
113

Linotype operators, daywork:, newspaper.

Machinists, manufacturing shops.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
103
103
103
103
109
115
115
115

100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5
87.5

38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
35-00
35.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

58

T able 9.—UNION SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER W EEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER W EEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.—Concluded.
Plasterers’ laborers.

Plumbers and gas fitters.

Rates of
RelativeRelativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
labor
labor
Rates Hours
Rates Hours
per Rates
of
per Rates
of
of
of
Per
week,
of
wages labor
wages labor Per week,
of
Per j week,
per hour.
full
full wages per
per
per
hour, j full
full
week,
per
per
I time. time. hour. week, full
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.
Rates of
wages—

Year.

1907.,
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

Cents.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.5 $27.50
62. 5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.
1907.,
1908.,
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

53.3
53.3
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
66.7
66.7
66.7
66.7

24.00
24.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

100
100
113
113
113
113
113
125
125
125
125

100
100
113
113
113
113
113
125
125
125
125

100
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
130

62.5 $27.50
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
81.3 35.75

100
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
120
130

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
112
112
112
112
112

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
108

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Stonecutters.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0
70.0

100
100
100
100
100
100
112
112
112
112
112

27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80
30.80

Structural-iron workers.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0

100
100
100
100
100
100
120
120
120
120
120

30.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00

100
92
92
92
92
92
110
110
110
110
110

100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

SEATTLE, WASH.
Boiler makers, manufacturing and
jobbing shops.
1907.
1908.
1909.
>
1
...............
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917

Cents.
38.9
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3




118.66
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
27.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
145

100
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
129
145

Bricklayers.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Cents.
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
81.3

$33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
35. 75

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
108

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

59

T a b l e 9 .— UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Continued.
SEATTLE, W ASH —Continued.
Carpenters.

Cement finishers.

Rates of
RelativeRelativewages—
Hours
Hours
of
xf
>
Rates Hours
labor
Rates Hours
labor
of
per Rates
of
per Rates
of
of
Per
Per week,
wages labor Per week, week,
of
wages labor
of
week, full wages per
per hour.
per
full wages per
full
full
week,
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. • week, full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916...............
1917...............

Cents.

62.5 $27.50
50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00
56.3 24.75
56.3 24.75
56.3 24.75
56.3 24.75
56.3 24.75
56.3 24.75
56.3 24.75
65.0 28.60

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
80
80
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
104

100
80
80
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
104

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Compositors, book and job.
1907...............
1908...............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
53.1
53.1
53.1
53.1
53.1
53.1
56.3

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
25.50
25.50
25.50
25.50
25.50
25.50
27.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
100
100
100
106
106
106
106
106
106
113

100
100
100
100
106
106
106
106
106
106
113

Cents.

62.5 $30.00
62.5 30.00
62.5 30.00
62.5 30.00
62.5 30.00
62.5 30.00
62.5 30.00
62.5 30.00
62.5 30.00
62.5 30.00
68.8 33.00

46.9
47.9
47.9
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1
52.1

22.50
23.00
23.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

100
102
102
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111

100
102
102
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Hod carriers.
1907...............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
43.8
50.0




21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
19.25
22.00

48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
114

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
110

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Compositors, daywork, newspaper.
64.3
64.3
64.3
64.3
71.4
71.4
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
78.6

Electrotypers: Finishers and molders.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910...............
1911..............
1912...............
1913...............
1914_ *.......
_
1915...............
1916..............
1917...............

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
30.00
31.50
31.50
31.50
31.50
33.00

42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42

100
100
100
100
111
111
117
117
117
117
122

100
100
100
100
111
111
117
117
117
117
122

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Granite cutters, inside.
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5

24.75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111

100
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Linotype operators, daywork, newspaper.
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
105

100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

64.3
64.3
64.3
64.3
71.4
71.4
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
78.6

27.0027.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
30.00
31.50
31.50
31.50
31.50
33.00

42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42
42

100
100
100
100
111
111
117
117
117
117
122

100
100
100
100
111
111
117
117
117
117
122

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

60

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 9 .— UNION

SCALES OF WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK AND OF HOURS OF
LABOR PER WEEK IN MAY OF EACH YEAR, 1907 TO 1917, IN THE PRINCIPAL TRADES
IN 13 IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL CITIES—Concluded.
SEATTLE, WASH.—Concluded.
Machinists, manufacturing and jobbing shops.

Molders, iron.

Rates of
wages—
Year.
Per
hour.

1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

Rates of
Relative
Relative
wages—
Hours
Hours
of
of
labor
Rates Hours
labor
Rates Hours
per
of
per
of
of
of
Per week, Rates wages labor
Per week, Rates wages labor
of
of
week,
Per
per hour. week, full wages per
full wages per
per
full
full
per
per
time. time. hour. week, week,
time. time. hour. week, week,
full
full
full
full
time. time.
time. time.

Cents.

40.0 121.60
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
45.0 21.60
45.0 21.60
45.0 21.60
45.0 21.60
45.0 21.60
45.0 21.60
50.0 24.00

54
54
54
54
48
48
48
4848
48
48

100
100
100
100
113
113
113
113
113
113
125

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
111

100
100
100
100
89
89
89
89
89
89
89

Cents.

44.4 $24.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
56.3 27.00

Painters.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
65.0

24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
24.75
28.60

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
115

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
20.00

48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
40

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
116

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

81.3
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
87.5

50.0
53.1
53.1
56.3
64.3
64.3
67.9
67.9
69.8
69.8
76.4




24.00
25.50
25.50
27.00
27.00
27.00
28.50
28.50
30.00
30.00
32.10

48
48
48
48
42
42
42
42
43
43
42

100
106
106
113
129
129
136
136
140
140
153

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
113

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
89

35.75
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
30.00
35.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
40
40

100
100
92 * 92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
84
98
108

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
91
91

Plumbers and gas fitters.
100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
83

100
100
100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
83

62.5
68.8
81.3
81.3
81.3
81.3
81.3
75.0
75.0
75.0
81.3

100
106
106
113
113
113
119
119
125
125
134

27.50
30.25
35.75
35.75
35.75
35.75
35.75
33.00
33.00
33.00
35.75

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
110
130
130
130
130
130
120
120
120
130

100
110
130
130
130
130
130
120,
120
120
130

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Structural-iron workers.

Stereotypers, daywork, newspaper.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
127

Plasterers.

Plasterers ’ laborers.
1907..............
1908..............
1909..............
1910..............
1911..............
1912..............
1913..............
1914..............
1915..............
1916..............
1917..............

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48

100
100
100
100
88
88
88
88
90
90
88

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
60.0
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0

27.00
27.00
24.75
24.75
26.40
26.40
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
33.00

48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

100
100
100
100
107
107
111
111
111
111
133

100
100
92
92
98
98
102
102
102
102
122

100
100
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

T able

1 0 .—A V E R A G E AND R E L A T IV E PRICES AND Q U A N T IT Y OF FOOD P U RC H A SE D F O R SI, IN 13 CITIES, 1907 TO 1917,

Money prices.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

$0

Lb.

$0,200
.208
.250
.273
.261
.277
.298
. 303
.288
. 316
.391

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Flour, Corn Eggs, But­
strictly ter.
Jbbl. meal. fresh.

Bag.

$0.128 $0.187
$0. 772
. 128
.220
.798
. 148
.208
.878
. 178
.228
.905
. 151
.859
.233
. 150
.898
. 238
. 154
.202
.875
.156
.864
.214 $0. 052
.150
.060
.992
.191
.064 1. 057
. 179
.205
.084 1 668
.275
.
.263

Lb.

$0.020
.022
.026
.025
.024
.027
.025
.028
.027
.027
.048

Doz.

Lb.

Pota­ Sugar. Milk.
toes.

Peek.

Lb.

Qt.

$0. 238 $0. 347 $0.308 $0.056 $0. 094
.256
.358
.278
.058
.097
.281
.057
.097
.279
.371
.294
.060
.100
.390
.313
.066
.294
.354
.389
. 107
.065
.308
.390
.391
. 103
.332
.057
. 102
.292
.399
.364
.061
.103
.311
.373
.104
.068
.285
.379
.279
. 112
.476
.086
. 331
.408
.436
.506
.100 .143
.755

Cheese. Rice. Coffee.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Tea.

All
arti­
cles.

Lb.

$0. 245 $0. 085 $0,292 $0,615
.262
.281
.617
079
.336
.292
.733
096

AN
D

$0.158 $0. 229
.250
. 173
.204
.258
.296
.207
.204
.296
.326
.215
.317
.231
$0.101 .234 .310
.101 .215 .293
. 109
.307
. 233
.144
.416
.319

Hens. Bread.

O *
F WAGES

1907.. $0.175 $0.138 $0.163
.150
. 163
1908 .. . 188
. 175
. 190
1909 .. .233
.2 0 2
1910 .. . 235
. 188
.187
. 199
1911 .. .2 2 0
1912 .. .237
.197
.203
.2 1 1
. 191
1913 .. .240
1914 .. .256
.2 2 2
.195
.204
. 183
1915.. .250
1916.. .249
.209
. 190
1917 .. .296
.262
.228

Lard.

Quantity purchased for $1.
7.2
6.7
5.7
5.3
5.3
5.1
4.7
4.5
4.9
4.8
3.8

6 .1
6 .1

1907 ..
1908 ..
1909..
1910..
1911 ..
1912..
1913 ..
1914 ..
1915..
1916..
1917..

100

100

5.3
5.0
5.0
4.9
5.2
5.1
5. 5
5. 3
4.4

6 .2
6 .8

6.5
5.3

Lbs.

Lbs.

9.9
9.9
9.2
6.9

6.3
5.8
4.9
4.8
4.9
4.7
4.3
4.3
4.7
4.3
3.1

4.4
4.0
3.9
3.4
3.4
3.1
3.2
3.2
3.4
3.3
2.4

5.0
4.8
4.0
3. 7
3.8
3.6
3.4
3.3
3. 5
3.2

100

100

100

109
129
131
129
136
146
148
136
147

109
113
129
129
142
138
135
128
134
182

104
125
137
131
139
149
152
144
158
196

Lbs.

2.6

Lbs.
7.8
7.8

6.8
5.6

6.6
6.7
6.5
6.4
6.7
5.6
3.6

Lbs.
5.3
4.5
4.8
4. 4
4.3
4.2
5.0
4. 7
5.2
4.9
3.8

Lbs.

Bags.

19.2
16.7
15.6
11.9

Lbs.

.9

50.0
45.5
38.5
40.0
41. 7
37.0
40.0
35. 7
37.0
37. 0

.6

2 0 .8

1.3
1.3
1 .1
1 .1
1 .2
1 .1
1. 1
1 .2
1 .0

Doz.
4.2
3.9
3.6
3.2
3.4
3.2
3.4
3.2
3. 5
3.0
2.3

Lbs.

Pecks.

Lbs.

2.9

3.2
3.6
3.6
3.4

17.9
17.2
17.5
16.7
15.2
15.4
17.5
16.4
14.7

2 .8

2.7
2 .6
2 .8
2 .6

2 .6
2 .6

2 .6

3.0
2.7
3.6

2.5

2 .1

2 .0

1.3

2.5
2.7

1 1 .6
1 0 .0

Qts.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

11.8

3.4
3.6
3.4

Lbs.

1 0 .6

10.3
1 0 .0

9.3
9.7
9.8
9.9
9.6
8.9
7.0

4.1
3.8
3.0

12.7
10.4

1.6
1.6
1.4

Relative prices.
107
133
134
126
135
137
146
143
142
169

109
127
136
136
143
153
161
148
151
190




100
100

117
124
122

125
117
120
112

117
140

202

100
100

100

100

118

116
139
118
117

111
122

103
114
117

120
122

125
127
108
114

117
140
215

102
110

128
137

141

21G

111

116
113
112

100
110

130
125
120

135
125
140
135
135
240

100

108
117
132
124
129
123
131
120

139
183

100

100

103
107

90
91
95
126
127
108
118
91
155
245

112
102
112

115
107
109
118
146

100

100

104

103
103
106
114

102

107
118
116

110

102

109

109

110
111

121

154
179

119
152

100
104
113

122
120
125
123
126

122

134
177

61

5.7
5.3
4.3
4.3
4.5
4.2
4.2
3.9
4.0
4.0
3.4

Lbs.

15, 1917.

1907 ..
1908 ..
1909..
1910 ..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915 ..
1916..
1917 ..

Lbs.

LABOB, M
AY

Lbs.

O
F

Lbs.

HOUBS

Lbs.

SCALE

Sirloin Round R ib Chuck Plate Pork
Year. steak. steak. roast. roast. boiling chops. Bacon. Ham.
beef.

UNION

A T L A N T A , GA.

T able

O*
fcO

10.—A V E R A G E AND R E L A T IV E PRICES AND Q U A N T IT Y OF FOOD P U R C H A SE D FO R |1, IN 13 CITIES, 1907 TO 1917—Continued.
BALTIMORE, MD.

'prices.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

.212

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

$0.139 $0.167 $0. 237
.134
.227
.157
.164
.239
.157
.284
.186
.237
.214
.278
.163
.281
.178
.215
.191
.231
.305
.190
0.135
.239
.307
.288
.129
.227
.177
.141
.212 .240 .330
.168
.421
.387
.311

Lb.

$0.120
.113
.138
.149
.129
.141
.145
.145
.139
.167
.271

Lb.

Lb.

Flour, Corn
strictly But­
ter.
g bbl. meal. fresh.
B aa .

$0.171
$0. 761
.842
.173
.186
.904
.209
.860
.816
.199
.195
.853
.213
.779
.216 $0.049
.823
.211 .056 1.022
.241
.058 1.084
.075 1.693

Lb.

$0.020
.023
.024
.024
.024
.026
.025
.025
.026
.027
.052

Doz.

Lb.

Pota­ Sugar. Milk.
toes.

Peck.

Lb.

Qt.

$0 . 268 $0.338 $0. 227 $0.050 $0.083
.088
.258
.335
.264
.052
.053
.087
.259
.286
.372
.371
.222 .053 .086
.307
.086
.292
.057
.354
.271
056
.086
.304
.323
.387
.088
.049
.259
.302
.397
.087
.288
.377
.311
.053
.088
.224
.384
.061
.295
.074
.085
.402
.332
.410
.104
.510
.088
.651
.462

Cheese. Rice. Coffee.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Tea.

All
arti­
cles.

Lb.

THE

0.158
.154
.167

Lb.

Hens. Bread.

O
F

1907.. $0.163 $0.149 $0.146
1908.. . 168
.146
.157
1909.. .174
.147
.158
1910.. .193
.167
.175
1911. . .183
.162
.169
1912.. .220
.179
.189
.183
1913.. .230
.215
1914.. .240
.188
.225
. 182
.216
1915.. . 235
.205
1910.. .257
.235
.243
1917.. .311
.297

Lard.

L234 $0,096 $0.215 $0.550
.550
.094
.260
.235
.594
.345
.257
.105

BUREAU

Quantity purchasedfor $1.
6 .1
6 .0

5.7
5.2
5.4
4: 5
4.3
4.2
4.3
3.9
3.2

6.7
6.4
6.3
5.7
5.9
5.3
4.7
4.4
4.6
4.3
3.4

6 .8
6 .8
6 .8
6 .0
6 .2

100

100

103
107
118
114
135
141
147
144
158
191

105
106
117
113
127
144
151
145
158199

5.6
5.5
5.3
5.5
4.9
4.1

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

7.2
7.5
6.4
5.4

Lbs.

6 .0

6.4

6.0
4.7

7.4
7.8
7.1

6.0

Lbs.

8.3

5.8
5.8
5.4
4.8
5.0
5.1
4.7
4.6
4.7
4.1
3.4

5.6
5.2
5.3
5.6
4. 7
3.2

2 .6

100

100

100

96
113
134
117
128
137
137
127
153
224

94
98
142
128
129
138
143
136
144
232

100

96

94
115
124
107
117

6 .1

6.3
6. 5

Lbs.

4.2
4.4
4.2
3.5
3.6
3.6
3.3
3.3
3.5
3.0
2.4

6 .1

4.2
4.7
4.7
4.3
4.2
4.4
4.2

8 .8

7.2
6.7
7.8
7.1
6.9
6.9
7.2
6 .0

3.7

tags.

Lbs.

Doz.

Lbs.

Pecks.

Lbs.

Qts.

1.3
1. 2

Lbs.

50.0
43.0
41. 7
41. 7
41. 7
38. 5
40.0
40.0
38.5
37.0
19.2

3.7
3. 8
3.5
3.3
3. 7
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.4
3.0

3.0
3.0
2. 7
2. 7
2. 8

2 0 .0

1 2 .0

2 .0

19. 2
18.9
18.9
17. 5
17.9
20. 4
19.0
16.4
13.5
11.4

11.4
11.5
11 . 6
11 . 6
11 . 6
11. 4
11.5
11.4

2 .2

4. 4
3.9
3.9
4.5
3.4
3.1
3.9
3.5
4.5
2.5
1.5

1 .1
1. 2
1. 2
1. 2

1.3
20.4
17.9
17.2
13.3

1 .2
1 .0

.9
.6

2 .6

2. 5
2.7
2 .6

2.4

1 1 .8

9.6

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

4.3
3.8
2.9

10.4

4.7
4.3
3.9

1 .8
1 .8

1 0 .6

9.5

1.7

Relative prices.
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..




100
100
101

114
111

123
125
129
125
140
166

101
120

117
119
129
130
122

139
178

121
121

116
139
226

100
101

100
111

100

100

100

100

100

115

119
113
107

120
120
120

99
107
115

99

109

104
106
106
114

112
102

130
125
125
130
135
260

114
114
98
129
142
114
127
99
177
287

122

116
114
125
126
123
141
172

108
134
142
2 22

101

110
110

105
114
117

113
113
116

112

110

114

124
172

121

151

112

98
106
122

148
176

100

106
104
104
104
104
106
105
106
102

125

100
101

108
117
112
120
122

125
123
138
187

LABOR-STATISTICS.

Lbs.

O
F

Lbs.
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911. 1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917- -

Lbs.

BULLETIN

Year. Sirloin Round R ib
steak. steak. roast.

Plate
Chuck boiling Pork
Bacon. Ham.
roast
beef. chops.

BOSTON, MASS.

Lb.

1907.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

$0.171 $0,218 $0,239 $0.133 $0.194
.174 .198 .242 .135 .196
.196 .213 .259 .154 .214
.187 .238 .253 .173 .211
.196 .227 .261 .146 .212
.204 .220 .265 .149 .221
.230 .252
.158 .248
.235 .258
.156 .253 $0,053
.214 .260 .241 .148 .250 .058
.238 .264 .285 .175 .269 .060
.331 .395 .415 .278 .316 .078

Bag.

Lb.

Doz.

Lb.

Peck.

Lb.

Qt.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Doz.

Lbs.

Pecks.

Lbs.

Qts.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

10.2
10.2

3.0
3.0
2.9

1.7
1.7

$0.854 $0,028 $0,326 $0.330 $0.261 $0,057 $0,082
.958 .028 .338 .315 .278 .058
1.000 .028 .368 .340 .276 .057
.030 .397 .350 .255 .059
.033 .381 .333 .287 .062
.035 .419 .388 .353 .061
.904 .035 .423 .379 .263 .054
.949 .036 .438 .361 .280 .058
1.151 .038 .420 .355 .214 .065
$0.234 $0.098 $0.334 $0.601
.252 .098 .333 .606
1.198 .040 .466 .385 .423 .079
.321 .109 .341 .629
.678 .092
1.848 .065

O WAGES
F

1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

Lb.

0.286 $0,262 0.211
.294 .262 .194
.294 .255 .190
.287 .261 .188
.288 .275 .197
.345 .314 .243 •0
1
.353 .343 .245
.357 .353 .247
.353 .348 .248
.378 .364 .262
.419 .417 .297

SCALE

1908.
1909.

UNION

Money prices.

Quantity purchased for $1.
Lbs.

2.8

2.9
2.7
2.4

Lbs.

4.7
5.2
5.3
5.3
5.1
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
3.8
3.4

Lbs.

6.1

5.7
5.6
5.8
5.0
4.1

Lbs.

Lbs.

5.8
5.7
5.1
5.3
5.1
4.9
4.3
4.3
4.7
4.2
3.0

Lbs.

4.6
5.1
4.7
4.2
4.4
4.5
4.0
3.9
3.8
3.8
2.5

Lbs.

4.2
4.1
3.9
4.0
3.8
3.8
3.5
3.7
4.1
3.5
2.4

Lbs.

7.5
7.4
6.5
5.8

6.8

6.7
6.3
6.4
6.8

5.7
3.6

Lbs.

5.2
5.1
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.5
4.0
4.0
4.0
3.7
3.2

Lbs.

18.9
17.2
16.7
12.8

Bags.
1.2
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.1

.9
.8

.5

Lbs.

35.7
35.7
35.7
33.3
30.3
28.6
28.6
27.8
26.3
25.0
15.4

3.1
3.0
2.7
2.5

2.6

2.4
2.4
2.3
2.4
2.1

1.7

3.0
3.2
2.9
2.9
3.0

2.6
2.6
2.8
2.8
2.6
2.1

3.8
3.6
3.6
3.9
3.5

2.8

3.8

8.6

4.7
2.4
1.5

17.5
17.2
17.5
16.9
16.1
16.4
18.5
17.2
15.4
12.7
10.9

12.2
12.0
12.0

11.4

11.6

11.4
11.2
11.2
11.2
11.0

8.4

4.3
4.0
3.1

9.2

1.6

Relative prices.
100

103
103
100
101
121

123
125
123
132
147

100
100

97

100

105

120

131
135
133
139
159

92
90
89
93
115
116
117
118
124
141

100
102

115
109
115
119
135
137
125
139
194

100

91
98
109
104

101
116
118
119

121
181

100
1
01
108
106
109

1
11
120
112
101
119
174

100
102
116
130

110
112
119
117

111

132
209

100
101
110

109
109
114
128
130
129
139
163

100
112

117
116
113
115
106
111

135
140
216

100
100
100

107
118
125
125
129
136
143
232

100

104
113
122

117
129
130
134
129
143
180

100

95
103
106
101

118
115
109
108
117
147

100

107
106
98

110

135
101

107
82
162
260

100
102
100

104
109
107
95
102

114
139
161

100
101
101

100
101

104
106
106
117
119

107
105
107
109
109
109

120

118
131
169

111

145
1

63




100

15, 1917.

1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

LABOR, M
AY

2.4

3.8
3.8
3.9
3.8
3.6
3.2
2.9

O
F

2.8
2.8
2.8
2.6

Lbs.

HOURS

3.5
3.4
3.4
3.5
3.5
2.9

AN
D

1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

T able 10.—A V E R A G E A N D R E L A T IV E PRICES AND Q U A N T IT Y OF FOOD P U RC H A SE D F O R $1, IN 13 CITIES, 1907 TO 1917—Continued.
CHICAGO, IL L .
7 prices.

Plate
Sirloin Round R ib Chuck boiling Pork Bacon. Ham.
steak. steak. roast. roast. beef. chops.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lard.

Lb.

Hens. Bread.

Lb.

Lb.

Flour, Com Eggs, But­
strictly
i b b l . meal. fresh. ter.

Bag.

Lb.

Doz.

Lb.

Pota­
toes.

Peck.

Milk.

Lb.

Qt.

Lb.

Lb.

Tea.

Lb.

All
arti­
cles.

Lb.

0.072
.073
.074
.079
.080
.080

O
F

.
SO 233 SO 096 SO 300 SO 525
.
.
.
.094
.262
.300
.525
.342
. 559
.101

Qts.

Lbs.

BUREAU

.084
.103

THE

.
.
SO 735 SO 026 SO 262 $0.313 SO 210 SO 052
.
.
.
.
.
$0.137 SO 210 $0.191 $0.123 SO 144
1907.. 30.182 $0.143 $0.165
.222 .198 .120 .153
.146
.026
.318
.240
.053
.175
.149
784
.270
1908..
.184
.128
.162
.203
858
.324
.029
.240
.054
.285
.159
.147
.225
1909.
.164
.148
.302
.162 .186
.163
.239
.219
.208
.029
.346
.225
.055
1910.
.182
.218
.292
.241
.133
.153
.029
.300
.063
.159
.165
.336
.205
1911..
.144
.178
.172
.241
.209
.029
.234
.191
.295
.355
.315
.059
.255
1912..
.202 .195
.294
.266
.193
.292
.362
.149
.029
.232
.190
.051
.225
1913.
.206 $0.169 $0.123
.196 SO. 054
.198
.304
.331
.056
.028
.254
.223
.279
.150
.297
.255
1914.
.123
.294
.188 . 059
.314
.212 .210
.283
.032
.061
.198
.336
.139
.252
.191
1915.
. 126
.211 .301 .309 .166 .221 .0(51
.219
.338
.226
.167
.033
.378
.073
.375
1916.
.271
.241
.156
.086
.262
.294
.422
.634
.258
.203
594
.447
.057
.293
.400
.464
1917.

Cheese. Rice. Coffee.

Quantity 'purchasedfor $1.
5.5
5.1
4.8
4.8
4.9
4.3
4.3
3.9
4.0
3.7
3.4

7.0
6.7
6.3

Lbs.

6 .1

6 .2

6.3
5.2
5.0
4.5
4.7
4.4
3.9

5.7
5.4
5.4
5. 5
4.8
5.1
4.9
4.8
4.6
4.1

Lbs.

Lbs.
7.3

6.8
6.8
6.1
5.9
5.9
6 .0

4.9

8 .1

8.1
7.9
6.4

6.5
5.8
5.3
5.1
5.1
4.7

,3.4

Lbs.
4.8
4.5
4.4
4.2
4.1
3.9
3.4
3.3
3.5
3.3
2.4

Lbs.
5.2
5.1
4.9
4.6
4.6
4 .1
3.8
3.6
3.4

3.2
2.5

Lbs.

8.1
8.3
7.8

6.8
7.5
6.9
6.7
6.7
7.2

6.0

3.8

Lbs.

6.2
6.1
6.1
5.6
5.2
5.1
5.3
4.5
3.7

ags.

Lbs.

Doz.

1.4
1.3

Lbs.

6.9
6.5

38.5
38.5
34.5
34.5
34.5
34.5
34.5
35.7
31.3
30.3
17.5

3.8
3.7
3.5
3.3
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.2
3.0

100
100
112
112
112
112
112

100

1 .2
1 .2
1 .2
1 .2

15. 5
16. 9
16.4

11.6

1.5
1.3
1 .1
1 .0
.6

2 .2

Lbs.
3.2
3.1
3.1
2.9
3. O'
2 .8
2 .8

3.0
3.0
2 .6
2 .2

Pecks.

Lbs.

4.8
4.2
4.2
4.4
3.3
3.2
4.4
3.9
5.2
2.7

19.2
18.9
18.5
18.2
15.9
16.9
19.6
17.9
16.4
13. 7

1 .6

1 1 .6

13.7
13. 5
12.7
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
11.9
9.7

100

100
102

100
101

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

10.4

4.3
3.8
2.9

3.3
3.3
3.5

1.9
1.9

1 0 .6

9.9

1 .8

Relative prices.
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

100

•109
114
114
113
129'
127
140
138
149
161

104

106

100

100

111

112

107
107

113

113

111

110

100

134
141
156
148
158
180




127
118
125
127
133
146

120
112

126
139
145
145
154
215

100

106
107
114
115
121

140
145
135
143
201

100

104
106
115
114
126
139
146
154
162

209

100

98
104

120

108
117
121
122

113
135
213

100

106
113
113
115
124
134
136
131
153
186

100

107
117
113
110
110

93
103
123
133
217

108
123
127
219

103
109
115

100
102

104

111

120

107
113
116
106
107

129
171

148

111

113
111

113

121

114
114
107
143
150
107
121

91
179
302

104
106
121

113
98
108
117
110

165

103
110
111
111
111
111
111

117 !_______
143 |

i

J
i
........... I............
........... i............

100

105
109
113
113
121
120

1

i

124
124
138
181

STATISTICS.

Lbs.

LABOR

1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

Lbs.

O
F

Lbs.

BULLETIN

Year.

CINCINNATI, OHIO.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

$0.224 $0,091 $0.267 $0,600
.267
.261
.090
.600
.271
.340
.647
.106

Quantity purchased for $1.

^ 1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

Lbs.
6.3
6.0
5.7
5.8
5.8
5.0
4.3
4.2
4.4
4.2
3.7

Lbs.
8.0
7.0
6.6
6.7
6.6
5.5
4.8
4.5
4.9
4.6
3.9

Lbs.
6.9
6.8
6.3
6.3
6.4
5.8
5.2
5.1
5.2
5.0
4.3

Lbs.

Lbs.

6.4
6.7
6.4
5.3

8.0
8.4
8.3
7.4

Lbs.
6.7
6.7
5.8
5.5
6.0
5.2
4.9
4.7
5.3
4.5
3.2

Lbs.
5.5
5.3
4.5
4.3
4.5
4.4
4.0
3.8
4.1
3.8
2.5

Lbs.
5.3
5.1
4.5
4.2
4.4
4.0
3.5
3.5
3.8
3.2
2.6

Lbs.
8.3
8.3
7.4
6.4
7.9
7.6
7.1
7.4
7.9
6.1
3.8

Lbs.
5.2
5.1
4.9
4.8
5.2
4.7
4.3
4.3
4.4
4.0
3.3

Lbs.

22.7
19.6
18.9
13.3

Bags.
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.0
.9
.6

Doz.
4.3
4.0
3.5
3.6
4.0
3.5
3.6
3.4
3.5
3.1
2.3

100
108
108
116
116
108
108
108
104
116
212

100
107
121
120
107
121
118
124
120
137
183

Lbs. Pecks.
3.0
3.5
3.1
3.6
2.9
3.7
2.8
4.0
3.0
3.0
2.7
3.0
2.6
3.6
3.4
2.8
4.9
2.8
2.5
2.5
2.1
1.5

Lbs.
17.9
17.5
17.5
16.9
15. 6
16.4
18.9
17.2
15.4
12.7
10.9

Qts.
16.7
16. 7
14.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.2
9.3

100
102
102
105
114
109
95
104
116
141
164

100
100
115
133
133
133
133
133
133
137
180

Lbs.

4.5
3.8
2.9

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

11.0
11.1
9.4

3.7
3.7
3.7

1.7
1.7
1.5

Relative prices.
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

100
105
110
109
109
125
145
149
142
148
171

100
114
121
119
122
145
166
176
165
175
207

100
101

115

121

113
129
138
142
127
150

100

103
123
129

122

124
138
143
134
146
218

100

104
118
125
119
131
149
150
140
162
204

100
100

113
131
106
109
117
113
105
136

222

100
102

105
108
99
109

1
21
121
118
131
158

100
111
121
111
108
111
105
108
132
140
212

100
98
104
109
102
113
117
108
107
120
148

100
97
94
86
115
117
95
101
71
141
229

100
103
111
114
112
121
125
127
122
139
184

65




100
103
110
110
108
120
133
137
133
138
162

15, 1917.

Lbs.
40.0
37.0
37.0
34.5
34.5
37.0
37.0
37.0
38.5
34.5
18.9

O W
F
AGES A D HOUKS O LABOE, M Y
N
F
A

Doz.
Lb.
Pic.
Lb.
Bag.
Lb.
Qt.
$0.771 $0,025 $0.235 $0.329 $0.289 $0.056 $0,060
.252
.323
.279
.057
.060
.852
.027
.341
.271
.057
.069
.285
.933
.027
.249
.059
.080
.358
.858
.029
.281
.335
.331
.064
.834
.252
.029
.080
.284
.372
.061
.080
.854
.338
.027
.274
.053
.080
.813
.027
.278
.385
.291
.834
.356
.293
.058
.080
.027
1.014
.282
.353
.206
.065
.080
.026
.079
.082
.323
.394
1.077
.029
.407
.092
1.633
.053
.430
.486
.661
.108

SC LE
A

62373°— 19------------Bull. 245-

Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
1907. $0.159 $0.125 $0.144
$0.149 $0.182 $0.190 $0.120 $0.193
.142
.197
.120 .196
.150
.187
.148
1908.
.167
.224
.136
.203
.171
.223
.151
.158
1909.
.175
.181
.235
.238
.209
.173
.149
.158
.157
1910.
.222 .227 .127 .191
.168
.173
.152
.156
1911.
.211
.192
.173
.226
.131
.249
.199
.181
1912.
.141
.234
.251
.206
.191
1913.
.231
.208
.233 $0.044
I
1914.
.136
.237
.220 .198 $0.157 $0.125 .212 .261
.192
.189
.227
.051L
.243
.150
.119
.126
.225
.206
1915.
.253
.053
5
.163
.236
.219
.199
.157
.120 .223 .266
1916.
.305
.075
.310
.397
.387
.259
.233
.189
.135
1917.
.272
.266

UNION

Money prices.

T able

1 0 .—A V E R A G E A N D R E L A T IV E PRICES AND Q U A N T IT Y OF FOOD P U R C H A SE D F O R $1, IN 13 CITIES, 1907 TO 1917—Continued.
D E N V E R , COLO.
Money prices.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Bag.

Lb.

.
0.218 SO 225 SO 150 SO.153
.
SO 590 SO 026
.
.
.672
.162
.026
.150
.248
.256
.026
.768
.150
.258
.180
.267
.184
.026
.294
.700
.297
.201
.025
.142
.292
.180
.290
.155
.027
.194
.265
.256
.162
.025
.274
.203
.290
.654
.205 SO 049
.159
.026
.
.276
.152
.028
.197
.833
.056
.260
.027
.177
.215
.062
.295
.286
.264
.049
.421
.085 1.305
.435

Doz.

Lb.

Peck.

Lb.

Qt.

S0.279 $0,314 $0.223 $0,060 $0,075
.075
.327
.247
.059
.276
.269
.078
.060
.292
.340
.084
.354
.061
.253
.304
.334
.085
.366
.067
.307
.084
.064
.364
.308
.331
.215
.055
.320
.373
.340
.246
.057
.320
.084
.341
.233
.322
.070
.084
.374
.368
.360
.631
.099
.455
.458

Cheese. Rice. Coffee.
Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Tea.

All
arti­
cles.

Lb.

THE

$0.142
146
164
186
172
179
195
208
$0.101
.101
185
.104
206
.133
313

Pota­ Sugar. Milk.
toes.

O
F

Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
1907.. $0.183 $0.153 $0.175
.158
.175
1908.. .185
.166
.179
1909.. .192
.175
.180
1910.. .200
.176
.179
1911.. .199
.172
.196
1912..
.223
.172
.208
1913.. .235
.217
.175 $0.161
1914.. .233
.212 .183 .154
1915.. .235
.212 .188 .165
1916.. .247
.262
.222 .196
1917.. .285

Eggs,
Flour, Com
B ut­
Hens. Bread. £ bb l. meal. strictly ter.
fresh.

$0.246 $0,090 $0,296 $0,521
.262
.092
.295
.500
.106
.343
.550

BUREAU

Quantity purchased for $1.
Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

5.7

7.0

5.7

6 .8
6 .1

4.6
4.0
3.9
3.4
3.4
3.9
3.6
3.6
3.8
3.5
2.3

4.4
3.9
3.7
3.4
3.4
3.8
3.4
3.4
3.6
3.4
2.4

6.7
6.7
6.7
5.4
7.0
6.5

6 .0

5.6
5.G
5.1
4.8
4.6
4.7
4.7
3.8

Lbs.

Lbs.

5.6
5.7
5.7
5.8

5.8
5.7
5.5
5.3
4.5

6.2
6.5

6.1
5.1

9.9
9.9
9.6
7.5

5.4
5.8
5.6
5.1
4.8
5.4
4.9
3.2

6 .2

6.3
6 .6

5.6
3.5

Lbs.

5.6
5.0
5.6
5.2
4.9
4.9
5.1
4.7
3.8

.
.
.
.
.

Bags.

Lbs.

Doz.

Lbs.

Pecks.

Lbs.

Qts.

1.7
1.5
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.5

Lbs.

6.5
6 .2

38.5
38.5
38.5
38.5
40.0
37.0
40.0
38.5
35.7
37.0

3.6
3.6
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.0
3.1
3.1
3.1

3.2
3.1
2.9

16.7
16.9
16.7
16.4
14.9
15. G
18.2
17.5
14.3
12.5

11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9

2 .2

1 .6

1 1 .2

1 0 .1

100

100
111
121

1 .6

20.4
17.9
16.1

11.8

Lbs.

13.3
13.3

3.0
2.7
2.7
2.9
2.9
2.7

4.5
4.0
3.7
4.0
2.7
3.2
4.7
4.1
4.3
2.7

1.5
1 .2
1 .2
.8

2 0 .0

2 .8
2 .2

2 .8

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

1 1 .1

3.4
3.4
3.3

2 .0
1 .8

1 2 .8

11.9
1 1 .8

4.1
3.8
2.9

10.9
9.4

1.9

Relative prices.

1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911-.
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

100
101

105
109
109
122

128
127
128
135
156

100

103
109
118
117
128
136
142
139
139
171




100
100
102
1 00 .
101

98 ,
98 .
100 .
105
107
127

10 Q
103
115
131

100

126
137
146
130
145

114
118
136
133
117
126
127
119
131

220

200

121

100

114
119
131
130
118
129
132
124
131
187

100
100
100

123
95
103
108
106
101

118
191

100

106
118
131
118
127
133
134
129
141
173

100

114
130
119
112

100
100
100
100

117
106

96
104
96

111

100

221

108
104
188

141
147

100

99
105
109
110

119
115
115
115
129
163

104
108
113
106
116
119
108
109
119
146

113
164
138
96
110

104
165
283

100

98
100
102
112

107
92
95
117
133
148

100
100

104
112

113
112
112
112
112
112

132

100
103
108
114
113
116
115
116
118
128
166

STATISTICS.

Lbs.

6.5
6.3

LABOR

Lbs.

5.5
5.4
5.2
5.0
5.0
4.5
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.0
3.5

O
F

Lbs.

1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

BULLETIN

Plate
Sirloin Round R ib Chuck boiling Pork
Bacon. Ham. Lard.
Year. steak. steak.
roast. roast. beef. chops.

N EW O R L E A N S, L A .

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

$0,210

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Bag.

Lb.

Doz.

Lb.

Peck.

Lb.

Qt.

$0,796 $0,025 $0,250 $0,344 $0,286 $0,054 $0,095
$0.175 $0.128 $0.187
.294
.058
130
.348
.172
.186
.028
.251
.825
.100
148
.297
.059
.181
.290
.098
.205
.896
.373
.027
.298
172
.384
.058
.100
.214
.297
.940
.213
.025
134
.276
.348
.375
.063
.200
.195
.099
.025
141
.411
.061
.196
.294
.198
.032
.377
.100
.306
.052
149
.098
.273
.214
.299
.380
.928
.027
.341
.058
.272
146
.358
.028
.301
.225 $0,044
.097
.929
.358
136
.052 1.084
.315
.065
.276
.214
.100
.289
.029
.052 1.172
166
.102
.488
.080
.032
.408
.324
.291
.240
.421
.767
.092
.117
.073 1.821
.056
.380

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

O WAGES
F

.224
.224
.293
.290
.311
.299
.311
.317
.332
.450

SCALE

$0,166
1907. 10.159 $0,123 $0.152
.161
.130
1908.
.176
.165
1909.
.183
.177
.137
.173
.196
.142
.179
1910.
.201
.192
1911.
.199
.133
.172
1912.
.188
.215
.171
.147
.214
1913.
.228
.190
.187
1914.
.230
.200 .199 $0.150 $0,124 .244
.212 .187 .183 .133 .113 .237
1915.
1916.
.194
.144
.218
.120 .240
.193
1917.
.224
.322
.266
.179
.149
.232

UNION

Money prices.

$0,224 $0,072 $0,262 $0,621
.269
.258
.073
.625
.334
.619
.273

Quantity purchased for $1.
Lbs.

8 .1

6 .1

7.7
7.3
7.0
7.5

Lbs.

6 .6
6 .2

6 .8

6.0
5.7
5.5
5.0

6.0
6.7
7.5
6.9
5.6

8 .1
8 .8

8.3
6.7

4.7
4.4
4.1
4.2
4.2
3.1

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

4.8
4.5
4.5
3.4
3.4
3.2
3.3
3.2
3.2
3.0

5.7

7.8

5.8
5.5
4.7
5.0
5.1
3.7
3.7
3.6
3.4

7.7

5.3
5.4
4.9
4.7
5.1
5.1
4.7
4.4
4.7
4.2
3.5

2.2

2.6

6.8

5.8
7.5
7.1
6.7

6.8
7.4

6.0
3.7

Lbs.

Lbs.

Doz.

Lbs.

Pecks.

Lbs.

Qts.

1.3

22.7
19.2
19.2
13.7

Bags.

40.0
35.7
37.0
40.0
40.0
31.3
37.0
35.7
34.5
31.3
17.9

4.0
4.0
3.4
3.4
3.6
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.5
3.1
2.4

2.9
2.9
2.7

2.5

2 .0

2 .0

1.3

18.5
17.2
16.9
17.2
15.9
16.4
19.2
17.2
15.4
12.5
10.9

10.5

2 .6
2 .8
2 .8

3.5
3.4
3.4
3.4
2.7
2.4
3.3
2.9
3.2

100
112

100
100

100
101

100

100

1 00

103
104
104
131
144
107
119
no
171
268

107
109
107
117
113
96
107

105
103
105
104
105
103

1 .2
1 .1
1 .1
1 .2
1 .1
1 .1
1 .1

.9
.9
.5

2 .6

2.9
2.7

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

13.9
13.7

3.8
3.7
3.7

1 .6
1 .6
1 .6

1 0 .0
1 0 .2
1 0 .0
1 0 .1
1 0 .0
1 0 .2

10.3
1 0 .0

9.8
8.5

4.5
3.9
3.0

1 0 .8

Relative prices.
100

104
111

123
121

118
135
145
133
137
167

100

1 00

106

106
114
118
113
113
125
131

111

115
108
120

152
163
152
157
189

128
147

100

100

107
107
140
138
148
142
148
151
158
214

98
103

130
137
147
143
145
194

122

114
113
156
155
158
166
217

100
102

116
134
105
110

116
114
106
130
209

100

99
no
114
104
105
114
120

114
128
154

100

104
113
118
109
117
117
117
136
147
229

108
100
100

128
108

116
119
110

118

112

120
120

116
128
224

116
130
168

108
112
101
110
110

104
104
119
143

120

148
170

102

105
107
123

100

104
110

118
114
120

124
127
127
140
185

67




120

100

106
110
121
120

15, 1917.

1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

LABOE, M
AY

5.3
5.0
5.3
5.2
4.3

5.8
5.6
5.8
5.8
5.3
5.0
5.5
5.2
4.5

Lbs.

O
F

5.6
5.1
5.2
5.3
4.7
4.3
4.7
4.6
3.8

Lbs.

HOUES

Lbs.

6.3

AN
D

Lbs
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

T able

OS
00

1 0 .—A V E R A G E A N D R E L A T IV E P R IC E S A N D Q U A N T IT Y OF FOO D P U R C H A SE D F O R $1, IN 13 CITIE S, 1907 TO 1917-Continued.
NEW YO RK , N. Y .

Money prices.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

$0.210
.212
.218
.223

.212

.213
.225
.230
.223
.253

Lb.

Lb.

Lb

Bag.

Lb.

Doz.

Lb.

Pota­ Sugar. Milk. Cheese.
toes.

Peck.

Lb.

Qt.

S.
$0,053 • O 081
$0,819 $0,032 $0.324 $0,331
$0.146 $0.178
.334
.334
.053
.081
.843
.033
184
.143
.082
.874
.033
.352
.352
.053
.150
190
.054
.086
.372
.887
.033
.373
166
197
.862
.032
.345
.335
.059
.089
196
.143
0S9
.056
.034
198
.375
.877
.389
.150
.034
.382 $0,375
.090
.788
.049
214
.397
.160
.826
.356
.052
.404
.090
.035
.360
218 $0,055
.158
.352
.274
.060 ; .090
!
.372
.039
213
.058 1.047
149
.092
.042
.404
.391
.480
.075
245
.173
.060 1.103
1.794
.488
.088
.119
293
.067
.551
.759
.275

Lb.

Rice. Coffee.

Lb.

Lb.

Tea.

All
arti­
cles.

Lb.

THE

0.181 $0.176
$0.159 $0.194
.166
.184
.209
.179
.230
.179
.183
.191
.254
.199
.201 .188
.202* .186
.186
.233
.201 .226
.208
.229
.218
.249
.249
.217
.221 $0.167 $0.153 .229 .255
.263
.248
.159
.149
.215
.259
.237
.173
.261
.158
.266
.231
.275
.213
.196
.274
.395
.326
.327

Flour, Corn Eggs, B ut­
strictly ter.
£ bbl. meal. fresh.

O
F

1907.. $0.199
1908.. .201
1909.. .202
1910.. .214
1911.. .216
1912.. .244
1913.. .259
1914.. .268
1915.. .261
1916.. .281
1917.. .326

Hens. Bread.

$0.230 $0,093 $0.253 $0.449
.263
.454
.245
.091
.103
.497
.329
.204

BUREAU

Quantity purchased for $1.
5.5
5.4
5.2
5.0
5.0
4.4
4.0
3.8
3.9
3.6
3.1

5.6
5.5
5.3
5.4
4.8
4.6
4.5
4.7
4.3
3.6

Lbs.

...........
...........
...........
...........
...........

* * 6. 0 * ' " K 5
6.3
6.7
5.8
6.3
4.7
5.1

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

6.3

5.2
4.8
4.3
3.9
4.3
4.4
4.0
3.9
4.0
3.8
2.5

4.8
4.7
4.6
4.5
4.7
4.7
4.4
4.3
4.5
4.0
3.5

6 .8

6 .0

5.6
5.0
5.4
5.0
4.6
4.4
4.2
3.8
3.1

7.0
6.7
6 .0

7.0
6.7
6.3
6.3
6.7
5.8
3.6

Lbs.

Lbs.

5.6
5.4
5.3 ,
5.1
5.1
5.1
4.7
18.2
4.6
17.2
4.7
4.1
16.7
3.4
12.0

Bags.

Lbs.

Doz.

Lbs.

1 .2
1 .2
1 .1
1 .1
1 .2
1 .1

31.3
30.3
30.3
30.3
31.3
29.4
29.4
28.6
25.6
23.8
14.9

3.1
3.0

3.0
3.0

2 .8

2 .8

2.7
2.9

2.7
3.0
2.7

1.3
1 .2
1 .0

.9
.6

2 .6

2.5
2.5
2.7
2.5
1 .8

2 .6
2 .8
2 .8
2 .6
2 .0

Pecks.

2.7

2.8

3.6

2.1
1.3

Lbs.

Qts.

18.9
18.9
18.9
18.5
16.9
17 9
20.4
19.2
16.7
13.3
11.4

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

12.3
12.3

12.2
11.8
11.2
11.2
11.1
11.1
11.1
10.9
8.4

,4.1

4.3

10.8
11.0

3.0

9.7

2.2
2.2
2.0

Relative prices.
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

100
101
102

100
102

100
102

106

108
109
123
130
135
131
141
164

111
112

104
107
106
118
124
126

127
138
145
143
152
180




122

131
156

100

100

104
113
125
117
126
136
144
149
167
206

108
119
131
120

116
128
131
128
135
204

100

100

100

100

100

103
107

101
101

98
103
114
98
103

103
109
115
106

107

110

103
103
107
103
108
103
105 * 100
107
106
96
106
101
109
128
122
135
131
219
209

100
101

104
106

110

108

106

102

111
110
111
120
122
120

120

118
188

138
165

134

120

123
125
115
125
170

100
101

106
112
101

113
115
108
106
118
147

100
100
100
102
111

106
92
98
113
142
166

100
100
101

100
102
106

106

11
1

110
110
111
111
111

107
115
118

114
147

133
173

120
120

STATISTICS.

1907..
5.0
1908..
5.0
5.0
1909..
1910..
4.7
1911.. | 4.6
1912..
4. 1
1913.. 1 3.9
1914..
3.7
3.8
1915..
1916..
3.6
1917.. 1 3.1

Lbs.
Lbs.
5.7 ...........

LABOR

Lbs.

O
F

Lbs.

BULLETIN

Plate
Round R ib Chuck boi.ing Pork Bacon. Ham.
I ard.
Year. Sirloin steak.
roast. roast. beef. chops.
steak.

PHILADELPHIA, PA.

Lb.
1907.

1908.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

.117
.126
.161

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Bag.

Lb.

Doz.

Lb.

Peck.

Lb.

Qt.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

1.238
.263
.349

O WAGES
F

$0.121

Lb.

0.161 $0.199 $0,225 $0,135 $0.197
$0,793 $0,025 $0,296 $0,381 $0,300 $0,053 $0,080
.315
.208
.235
.204
.055
.026
.139
.374
.843
.298
.163
.241
.307
.154
.213
.204
.055
.080
.176
.393
.326
.911
.025
.292
.252
.054
.896
.198
.255
.165
.025
.215
.417
.337
.263
.365
.058
.231
.845
.026
.179
.133
.395
.209
.307
.852
.026
.430
.393
.056
.201 .232 .278 .155 .212
.344
.261
.776
.028
.309
.050
.152
.226
.436
.329
.215
.349
.268
.822
.028
.226
.309
.150
.237 $0,043
.053
.351
.365
.413
.210 .266 .298 .142 .232 .048 .998 .029 .354 .413 .275 .061 .080
.242
.082
.287
.050 1.067
.475
.075
.343
.175
.031
.261
.449
.389
.336
.401
.440
.278
.504
.756
.102
.310
.542
.087
.053
.073 1.726

SCALE

1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

Lb.

$0,248 $0,196 $0,184
.249
.201 .182
.202 .183
.252
.254
.204
.183
.255
.203
.185
.271
.238
.210
.302
.220
.255
.270
.225 $0.184
.310
.176
.301
.262
.215
.191
.284
.235
.325
.276
.237
.340

UNION

Money prices.

$0,095 $0.296 $0,566
.554
.095
.291
.108
.279
.570

Quantity purchased for $1.
Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

8.3
8.5
7.9
*6 . 2

Lbs.

6 .2
6 .1

5.4
5.7
5.2
4.2

Lbs.

5.0
4.8
4.7
3.9
4.3
4.3
3.8
3.7
3.8
3.5
2.5

5.7
5.1
5.6
5.0
4.7
4.4
4.8
4.1
3.0

Lbs.
4.4
4.3
4.1
4.0
3.8
3.6
3.2
3.2
3.4
2.9
2.3

Lbs.

Lbs.

7.4
7.2
6.5

5.1
4.9
4.9
4.7
4.8
4.7
4.4
4.2
4.3
3.8
3.2

6 .1

7.5
6.5
6 .6

6.7
7.0
5.7
3.6

Bags.

Lbs.

Doz.

1.3

Lbs.

40.0
38.5
40.0
40.0
38.5
38.5
35.7
35.7
34.5
32.3
18.9

3.4
S. 4
3.1
3.0
3.3
2.9
2.9
2.7

100

100
101
110

1 .2
1 .1
1 .1
1 .2
1 .2

1.3
23.3

20.8
20.0
13.7

1 .2
1 .0

.9
.6

2 .8
2 .6
2 .0

Lbs.

Pecks.

Lbs.

Qts.

2 .6

3.3
3.2
3.3
3.4
2.7
2.5
3.0

18.9
18.2
18.2
18.5
17.2
17.9

12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5

2.7
2.5
2.4
2.5
2.3
2.3
2.4
2.4
2 .2
1 .8

2 .8

3.6
2 .1

1.3

2 0 .0

18.9
16.4
13.3
11.5

1 2 .2

9.8

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

4.2
3.8
2.9

10.5
10.5
9.3

3.4
3.4
3.6

1 .8
1 .8
1 .8

Relative prices.
100
100
102
102

103
109
122

125
121

131
149

100

100

103
103
104
104

99
99
99

109
123

101

111

121

114

130
138
134
145
173

120
122

125
134
140
130
150
209

100

100

100

100

100

105
107
128
116
117
131
135
134
144

104
107

103
114

112

122

117
124
137
137
132
152
196

99
115
113

104
104
109
106
108
115

111

120

105
130
206

118

106
115
113
107
107
98
104
126
135
218

202

132

157

104
100
100

104
104
112
112

116
124
2 12

114
104
116
118
123
120

131
170

100

100

98
103
109
104
113
114
108
108
118
142

105
102

100

104
104

97

102

122

109
106
94

131
110

117
92
158
252

100

115
142
164

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

103
128

...I.....
1

100
101

104
108
106
113
116
118
117
131
169

69




117
128
150

100
101

15, 1917.

1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

LABOR, M
AY

5.4
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.4
4.8
4.5
4.4
4.7
4.3
3.6

O
F

5.1
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.9
4.2
3.9
3.7
3.8
3.5
2.9

HOURS

Lbs.

4.0
4.0
4.0
3.9
3.9
3.7
3.3
3.2
3.3
3.1
2.7

AN
D

Lbs.
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

T able

1 0 .—AVERAGE AND RELATIVE PRICES AND QUANTITY OF FOOD PURCHASED FOR $1, IN 13 CITIES, 1907 TO 1917-€ontinued.
P IT T S B U R G H , PA.

O

Money prices.
Lard.

Flour, Com Eggs. But­
Hens. Bread.
ib b l. meal. strictly ter.
fresh.

Pota­ Sugar, Milk.
toes.

All
Cheese. Rice. Coffee.

Tea.

arti­
cles.

THE

Doz.
Lb.
Lb. Peck. Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Bag.
Qt.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
Lb.
1907.. $0.201 $0,160 $0,178
$0,793 $0,028 $0.280 $0,333 $0.247 $0,061 $0.080
$0,163 $0.199 $0.228 $0.145 $0.207
.341
.277
1908.. .205
.163
.197
.027
.061
.079
.209
.149
.142
.846
.270
.232
.181
1909.. .210 .167
.872
.027
.061
.080
.223
.355
.280
.235
.167
.300
.181
.236 .155
.262
.082
1910.. .212 .178
.027
.351
.061
.190
.855
.230
.220
.291
.187
.232
.180
1911.. .214
.182
.819
.298
.272
.068
.083
.181
.237
.190
.216
.028
.345
.149
.248
1912.. .252
.065
.084
.210 .207 $0,155 $0,105 .200 .252 .276 .153 .235
.835
.029
.379
.333
.315
.167
.121
.262
1913.. .268
.217
.222 .290 .292 .155 .257
.771
.028
.398
.056
.233
.088
.325
1914.. .282
.245
.220 .175 .131 .231 .300 .299 .155 .261 $0.048 .839 .031 .332 .375 .282 .062 .092
.214
.067
1915.. .271
.165 *.121
.032
.370
.093 $0.230 $0,097 $0.274 $0,563
.214
.142
.206
.251
.236
.286
.055 1.018
.318
.285
1916..
.180
.128
.033
.408
.237
.288
.305
.095
.251 ..231
.170
.058 1.097
.095
.356
.326
.258
.266
.571
1917..
.227
.160
.501
.112
.310
.064
.335
.421
.350
.418
.104
.083 1.728
.280
.485
.333
.647

BUREAU

Quantity purchased for $1.
Lbs.

Lbs.

6.5
6.0
5.7
6.1
5.6
4.4

9.5
8.3
7.6
8.3
7.8
6.3

Lbs.
6.1
6.7
6.0
5.3
5.5
5.0
.4.5
4.3
4.9
4.2
3.0

Lbs.
6.0
5.1
4.5
4.3
4.2
4.0
3.4
3.3
3.5
3.3
2.4

Lbs.
4.4
4.3
4.2
4.3
4.0
3.6
3.4
3.3
3.5
3.1
2.4

Lbs.
6.9
7.0
6.5
5.6
6.7
6.5
6.5
6.5
7.0
5.9
3.6

Lbs.
4.8
4.8
4.3
4.5
4.6
4.3
3.9
3.8
4.0
3.5
2.9

Bags.
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.3
1.2
18.2
1.0
17.2
.9
12.0
.6

Lbs

Lbs.
35.7
37.0
37.0
37.0
35.7
34.5
35.7
32.3
31.3
30.3
15.6

Doz.
3.6
3.7
3.3
3.4
3.7
3.2
3.1
3.0
3.1
2.8
2.1

100
96
96
96
100
104
100
111
114
118
229

100
96
107
103
97
113
116
119
114
127
173

Lbs. Peeks.
3.0
4.0
2.9
3.6
2.8
3.6
2.8
3.8
2.9
3.4
3.0
2.6
2.5
3.8
2.7
3.5
2.7
4.7
2.4
2.5
1.4
2.0

Lbs.
16.4
16.4
16.4
16.4
14.7
15.4
17.9
16.1
14.9
12.2
10.2

Qts.
12.5
12.7
12.5
12.2
12.0
11.9
11.4
10.9
10.8
10.5
8.9

100
100
100
100
111
107
92
102
110
134
161

100
99
100
103
104
105
110
115
116
119
140

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

4.3
3.9
3.0

10.3
10.5
9.6

3.6
3.8
3.5

1.8
1.8
1.5

Relative prices.
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

100
102
104
105
106
125
133
140
135
143
169

100
102
104
111
113
131
146
153
148
157
194




100
102
102
105
107
116
122
124
120
130
148

100
91
102
117
112
123
136
142
126
145
206

100
99
112
116
119
127
146
151
144
153
210

100
102
104
102
109
121
128
131
125
143
185

100
98
107
124
103
106
107
107
98
117
193

100
101
114
106
104
114
124
126
121
139
169

100
107
110
108
103
105
97
106
128
138
218

100
102
107
105
104
114
120
113
111
123
150

100
112
113
106
121
135
106
114
87
166
282

100
101
106
107
107
116
120
123
120
135
178

STATISTICS.

Lbs.
5.6
5.5
5.5
5.3
5.3
4.8
4.6
4.5
4.7
4.3
3.8

LABOR

Lbs.
6.3
6.1
6.0
5.6
5.5
4.8
4.3
4.1
4.2
4.0
3.2

O
F

Lbs.
1907..
5.0
1908..
4.9
1909..
4.8
1910..
4.7
1911..
4.7
1912..
4.0
1913..
3.7
1914..
3.5
1915..
3.7
1916..
3.5
1917..
2.9

BULLETIN' O
F

Plate
Year. Sirloin Round Rib Chuck boiling Pork Bacon. Ham.
chops.
steak. steak. roast. roast.
beef.

ST. LOUIS, MO.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

$0.120

Lb.

Lb.

Bag.

$0.135
$0,678
.124
.719
.143
.778
.174
.777
.166
.707
.165
.752
.178
.725
.187 $0,051
.759
.121 .181 .058 .925
.990
.160
.204
.059
.087 1.557
.255
.256
.123
.137
.194
.123
.135
.136
.129

Lb.

$0,020
.023
.024
.027
.025
.031
.023
.026
.027
.029
.052

Doz.

Lb.

Peck.

Lb.

Qt.

$0,245 $0,326 $0,269 $0,059 $0,071
.059
.258
.283
.316
.073
.269
.059
.272
.073
.333
.060
.338
.074
.342
.279
.369
.339
.066
.254
.073
.370
.284
.315
.063
.075
.247
.052
.374
.266
.083
.259
.084
.354
.056
.279
.194
.062
.081
.351
.270
.371
.081
.078
.314
.396
.632
.494
.089
.109
.426

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

O WAGES
F

$0.148 $0.128 $0.124
$0.115 $0.173 $0.178
.148
.179
.127
.118
.178
.136
.152
.200
.192
.141
.139
.134
.166
.258
.195
.181
.250
.178
.191
.171
.270
.159
.245
.176
.206
.178
.264
.187
.165
.253
.245
.255
.189
.269
.187
.223
.270
.245
.201 $0.160 $0.138 .204 .259 .279
.259
.201 .160 .123 .185 .254 .270
.243
.247
.267
.208
.286
.204
.164
.125
.265
.397
.288
.244
.200 .155 .302

SCALE

1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

UNION

Money prices.

$0,207 $0,088 $0,241 $0,540
.544
.248
.242
.086
.097
.262
.579
.331

Quantity purchased for $1.

8 .1

5.1
5.2
4.9
4.1
3.7
3.9
3.7
3.3

Lbs.

Lbs.

7.9
7.2
6 .0

6.3
6 .1

5.3
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.1

6.3
6.3

7.2

6 .1

8 .1
8 .0

5.0

6.5

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

8.7
8.5
7.5
5.6
5.8
5.6
5.3
4.9
5.4
4.8
3.3

5.8
5.6
5.2
4.0
4.1
4.0
3.9
3.9
3.9
3.8
2.5

5.6
5.6
5.0
3.9
3.7
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.7
3.5
2.5

8.3

Lbs.

8 .1

Lbs.

7.4
8 .1

7.3
5.2

7.0
5.7

8 .1

6 .0
6 .1

7.4
7.4
7.8
8.3
6.3
3.9

5.6
5.3
5.5
4.9
3.9

19.6
17.2
16.9
11.5

Bags.

Lbs.

Doz.

Lbs.

1.5
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.4
1.3
1.4
1.3

50.0
43.5
41.7
37.0
40.0
32.3
43.5
38.5
37.0
34.5
19.2

4.1
3.9
3.7
3.6
3.9
3.5
3.8
3.6
3.7
3.2
2.3

3.1
3.2
3.0
2.9
2.9
2.7
2.7

1 .1
1 .0
.6

Pecks. Lbs.

2.5

3.7
3.5
3.7
3.0
2.7
3.2
4.0
3.9
5.2
2.7

2 .0

1 .6

2 .8
2 .8

16.9
16.9
16.9
16.7
15.2
15.9
19.2
17.9
16.1
1 2 .8
1 1 .2

Qts.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

11.4

4.1
4.1
3.8

1.9

14.1
13.7
13.7
13.5
13.7
13.3
1 2 .0

11.9
12.3
12.3
9.2

4.8
4.0
3.0

1 1 .6

10.3

1 .8

1.7

Relative prices.
100
100

103
132
129
139
166
182
175
180
202

100
110

100
1 02
112

141
138
146
174
191
190
193
225

134
128
133
151
162
162
165
197

106

100

103
117
155
149
155
164
177
161
181

103

100
101
112

145
142
146
147
150
147
153
230

145
152
148
151
157
152
161
223

111

100
102
114
162

102
113
113
107

1
01

133
213

100

100

1 00

100

1 00

100

92
106
129
123

106
115
115
104

115

105

97

105

122
132
139
134
151
190

111

107
112

136
146
230

120

111

102

100

135
125
155
115
130
135
145
260

114
104
116
109
114
no
128
174

105
104
113
115
109
108

126
137
117
92
96
72
138
235

121

152

100
100
100
102
112

107
88

95
105
132
151

100

103
103
104
103
106
117
118
114
114
154

100
102

107
124
120

124
127
132
129
145
194

71




100

15, 1917.

1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

LABOR, M
AY

Lbs.

7.8
7.4
7.1
5.5
5.7
5.3
4.5
4.1
4.1
4.0
3.5

O
F

Lbs.

6 .8
6 .8
6 .6

HOURS

Lbs.

AND

1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

T able

-*cr
to

1 0 .—A V E R A G E A N D R E L A T IV E PR ICE S AND Q U A N T IT Y OF FOOD PU RC H A SE D F O R $1, IN 13 CITIES, 1907 TO 1917—Concluded.

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
*
Money prices.

.
$0.153 SO.125 SO 167
.172
.129
.155
.172
.155
.129
.177
.140
.156
.184
.155
.168
.194
.165
.183
.210
.193
.207
.218
.199
.208
.213
.198
.208
.207
.195
.205
.226
.226
.231

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

10

Lb.

SO 118
.
.135
.149
.137
.132
.154

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Hens. Bread.

Lb.

Lb.

Flour, Com Eggs, But­
strictly ter.
i b b l. meal. fresh.

Bag.

Lb.

Doz.

Lb.

Pota­ Sugar. Milk.
toes.

Cheese

Lb.

Qt.

Peck.

Qt.

SO 190 $0.250 SO.283 SO 142
.
.
S . 735 $0.030 $0.363 $0,354 $0,360 $0,057 $0 .1 0 0
O
.1 0 0
.061
.330
.031
.342
.185
.250
.142
.809
.360
.283
.1 0 0
.907
.192
.032
.167
.417
.365
.345
.059
.269
.283
.858
.098
.314
.301
.032
.203
.195
.395
.380
.330
.059
.098
.784
.201
.034
.312
.288
.370
.390
.058
.151 $0.246
.343
.1 0 0
.060
.211
.302
.242
.156
.238
.809
.035
.343
.387
.330
.1 0 0
.330
.034
.054
.242
.276
.809
.388
.255
.236
.173
.373
.882
.1 0 0
.248
.280
.244 $0.052
.036
.392
.345
.270
.058
.336
.168
.980
.1 0 0
.235
.322
.265
.167
.036
.383
.335
.285
.066
.243
.055
.234
.294
.037
.381
.362
.1 0 0
.174
.263
.056 1.005
.077
.327
.390
.430
.061
.446
.278
.076 1.548
v107
.316
.465
.472
.083
.289
.569

Rice. Coffee.

Lb.

Lb.

Tea.

All
arti­
cles.

Lb.

THE

1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.

Lard.

O
F

Plate
Sirloin Round R ib Chuck boiling Pork Bacon. Ham.
steak. steak. roast. roast. beef. chops.

$0.213 S0.C
$0,317 $0.511
.239
.317
.085
.517
.299
.305
.099
.523

BUREAU

Quantity purchased for $1.
Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

3.5
3.5
3.5
3.3
3.5
4.1
3.6
3.6
3.8
3.4
2.3

7.0
7.0

8.5
7.4
6.7
7.3
7.6
6.5

4.0
4.0
3.7
3.2
3.2
3.3
3.0
3.0
3.1
3.1

6 .0

7.8
7.8
7.1
6.5

5.5
4.8
4.8
4.8
4.9
4.3

6 .1

5.2
5.0
5.1
5.1
4.4

5.8
5.8
5.6
5.4
5.2
4.8
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.4

1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

100
101
101
102
110
120

100

100

100

103
103

103
103
106

101

6 .0

7.5
6.7
6.5
6 .8

7.1
6.3

2 .2

Lbs.

Lbs.

6 .0
6 .0

5.7
3.6

Doz.

33.3
32.3
31.3
31.3
29.4
28.6
29.4
27.8
27.8
27.0
16.4

2 .8
2 .8

1 .2
1 .1
1 .2

5.1
6.4
5.8

Lbs.

1.4

6 .0
6 .6

Bags.

4.1
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.1
3.8
3.5

1.3
19.2
18.2
17.9
13.2

1 .2
1 .2
1 .1
1 .0
1 .0
.6

2.4
2.5
2.7
2.9
2.7
2 .6
2 .6
2 .6
2 .2

Lbs.

Pecks.

2 .8

2 .8

2.9
2.7
2 .6

3.0
2.9
3.0

2.9

2 .6

2 .6
2 .6

2.9
3.0

3.0
3.9
3.7
3.5

2 .8
2 .1

2 .6
1 .8

Lbs.

Qts.

17.5
16.4
16.9
16.9
17.2
16.7
18.5
17.2
15.2
13.0

1 0 .0
1 0 .0
1 0 .0
1 0 .2
1 0 .2
1 0 .0
1 0 .0
1 0 .0
1 0 .0
1 0 .0

1 2 .0

9.3

100
100
100

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

4.7
4.2
3.3

11.4
11.8
10.1

3.2
3.2
3.3

2.0
1.9
1.9

Relative prices.

135
136
136
134
151

112

124
132
154
159
158
156
181




97

100
100

108
126
125

100
100
100

110

107
106

116
126
131
128
124
135

111

121

102
86

106

124
131
124
123
166

132
134
129
131
178

98
99
94
104
152

100
100

100
110

118
137
106

123
117
107

110
122

110
110
120

118
118
123
196

133
137
211

100

100

100

100

100

103
107
107
113
117
113

99
115
109

97
103
107
97
109

92
96
92
108
92
71
75
79
108
158

107
104
104

120
120

123
203

102

94
103
108
106
105
128

110

97
95
102

133

102

105
95
102

116
135
146

98
98
1 00
100
100
100
100

107

100
100

104
107
105
108
112
112
112
117
146

STATISTICS.

Lbs.

5.3
5.4
5.2
4.9
5.0
4.7
412
4.0
4.3
4.3
3.2

Lbs.

8 .0

LABOR

Lbs.

Lbs.

6.5
6.5
6.5
6.4

O
F

Lbs.

Lbs.
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

BULLETIN

Year.

SEATTLE, W ASH.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

$0. 210

.206
.233
.240
.236
.225
.241
.235 $0. 053
.219
.063
.226
.067
.271
.087

Bag.

Lb.

Doz.

Lb.

Peck.

.
$0.693 $0.028 $0. 383 $0.342 SO 317
.241
.392
.369
.707
.031
.279
.428
.397
.800
.033
.233
.033
.417
.806
.417
.392
.335
.028
.380
.709
.230
.030
.368
.388
.710
.180
.031
.376
.400
.712
.033
.384
.367
.220
.755
.358
.343
.864
.034
.233
.874
.296
.035
.385
.385
.478
.499
.485
1.460
.060

Lb.

Qt.

0.065 SO 078
.
.068
084
.065
084
092
.067
.066
090
.067
.061
.063
090
.069
.083
.090

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

O WAGES
F

0.124
.117
.114
.146

Lb.

SO 165 $0.227 $0.217 $0.150
.
.232
.150
.250
.180
.244
.257
.160
.193
.303
.885
.189
.234
.156
.222
.271
.232
.281
.160
.302
.240
.317
.175
.312
.162
.329
.240
.222
.291
.317
.151
.302
.223
.319
.167
.444
.335
.393
.271

SCALE

1907. $0.151 $0.125 SO 159
.
1908.
.158
.133
160
1909.
.177
.142
177
1910.
.178
.151
168
1911.
.180
.162
162
1912.
.205
.180
177
1913.
.234
.208
193
1914.
.235
.209
190 10.149
1915.
.230
186
.205
.140
1916.
.225
.204
190
.140
1917.
.259
.244
222 .180

UNION

Money prices.

I. 220 SO 082 SO 326 SO 488
.
.
.
.498
.242
.326
.085
.300
.318
.518

Quantity purchasedfor $1.

6 .6
6 .2

5.6
4.8
4.8
4.9
4.9
4.1

Lbs.

6.7
7.1
7.1
5.6

Lbs.

8.1
8.5

Lbs.
6.1
5. 6
5.2
4.3
4.5
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.5
4.5
3.0

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

4.6
4.3
4.1
3.5
3.7
3.6
3.3
3.2
3.4
3.3
2.5

6.7
6.7
6.3
5.3
6.4
6.3
5.7

Lbs.

4.8
4.9
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.4
4.1
4.3
4.6
4.4
3.7

6 .2
6 .6
6 .0

3.7

Bags.

Lbs.

1.4
1.4
1.3

Lbs.

4.4
4.0
3.9
3.3
3.5
3.5
3.2
3.0
3.2
3.1
2.3

35.7
32.3
30.3
30.3
35. 7
33.3
32.3
30.3
29.4
28.6
16.7

1 .2

18.9
15.9
14.9
11.5

1.4
1.4
1.4
1.3
1 .2
1 .1

.7

Doz. i Lbs.

Pecks.

Lbs.

Qts.

2.9
2.7
2.5
2.4

3.2
4.1
3.6
4.3
3.0
4.3
5.6
4.5
4.3
3.4

15.4
14.7
15.4
14.9
15.2
14.9
16.4
15.9
14.5

1 2 .8

2 .6
2 .6

2.3
2.4
2 .6

2.7
2.7
2 .6
2 .8
2 .6
2 .1

2 .6
2 .6

2.5
2.7
2.9
2 .6
2 .1

Lbs.

Lbs.

Lbs.

12.2

3.1
3.1
3.1

Lbs.

11.9
11.9
10.9
1 1 .1

11.4
1 1 .2
1 1 .1

11.4

1 00

100

1 00

100

108
116

76

105

88

100

74
106
73
57
69
74
93
157

103
94
97
106
128
138

108
108
118
115
113
114
115
113
115
144

8.9

4.5
4.1
3.3

1 1 .8
1 0 .1

2 .0
2 .0

1. 9

Relative prices.
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916..
1917..

100

100

105
117
118
119
136
155
156
152
149
172

106
114

100
101
111

121

106

130
144
166
167
164
163
195

102
111
121

100
110
113
133
127
127
140
145
140
141
196

100

107
112

131
125
129
139
144
134
139
181

100
100

107
126
104
107
117
108
101

111

181

100
98

'

111

114
112 I

107
115
112

104
108
129

1 00
102

100
111

115
116

118
118

109

102
102

100

102

107

103
109
125
126

111

96
98

211

100
102
112

122
111

100

113
117
107

121

93

100

125
214

101

113
142

118

125

103
102

.....1
!
i
* i
i

100
100
111

115
112

113
118
118
117
124
159

73




119
117
119
140

100
109
117
142
135
141
145
145
135
135
203

15, 1911.

1 2 .0
1 1 .1

1 1 .1

2 .0

LABOR, M
AY

6.3
6.3
5.6
6.0
6.2
5.6
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.3
4.5

7.5
7.0

O
F

Lbs.

8 .0

6.3
5.6
5. 6
5.6
4.9
4.3
4.3
4.3
4.4
3.9

HOURS

Lbs.

6 .6

AN
D

Lbs.
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
19113..
1914,..
1915..
1916..
1917..

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

74

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 15,
1917, AND MAY 15, 1916.

T a b le

BAKERY TRADES.
B AKER S.

[W hen both rates and hours were the same in 1916 as in 1917, the 1916 figures are not printed.J
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
Sun­
For
Per week over­ days
full
hour. time. time. and
holi­
days.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
B oiion , Mass.:
B enchm en.............................
Foremen or first hands___
Second hands.......................
Hebrew bread—
B enchm en.........................
Foremen or first hands. .
Second hands....................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Hand bakeries—
Benchm en.........................
Foremen, 3 or m ore m en.
Foremen, 1 or 2 m en.......
Oven m e n .........................
Second hands....................
Machine bakeries—
B enchm en.........................
Foremen, 3 or m ore m en.
Oven m en and m ixers. . .
Second hands....................
Helpers...............................
Hebrew bread—
Benchm en.........................
Foremen, 2 or more m en .
F orem en............................
Second hands....................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Hand bakeries—
Benchmen, d a y ................
Benchmen, night.............
Oven men, day.................
Oven men, night..............
Machine bakeries—
Benchmen, d a y ................
Oven men, day.................
Polish bread—
First hands, d a y ..............
First hands, night...........
Second hands, d a y ..........
Second hands, night........
Newark, N. J.:
Hand bakeries—
Bakers, 1-man shops.......
First hands, 2 and 3 man
shops...............................
Second hands, 2 and 3
man shops......................
Third hands , 3-man shops
Machine bakeries—
B en ch m en ........................
Oven m en and m ixers. . .
Oven m en’ s helpers.........

Cents. Dolls.

A

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

i 25.0
2 30.0
3 26.7

15.00
18.00
16.00

1
1

1
1
1

1 10 - 1 0 -60
2 10 - 1 0 -60
3 10 - 1 0 -60

45.8
58.3
52.1

22.0 0
28.00
25.00

(4)
(4)
(4)

51
51
51

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 - 8 -48

37.5
50.0
41.7

18.00
24.00

35.2
46.3
46.3
42.6
38.9

19.00
25.00
25.00
23.00

6 50c.
6 50c.
6 50c.

9
9
9
9
9

-

29.6
38.9
35.2

21.00

«50c.
6 50c.

71
71
71
71
71

39.6
52.1
47.9
43.8
33.3

19.00
25.00
23.00

6 50c.
6 50c.
6 50c.
6 50c.
6 50c.

71
71
71
71
71

8
8
8
8
8

- 8 -48
- 8 -48
- 8 -48
-8 -4 8
- 8 -48

6 40c.
6 65c.
6 65c.
6 50c.

51
51
51

9
9
9
9

-

6 50c.
6 50c.
6 60c.
6 60c.

2
1
2
1

9
99
9
99

6 50c.
6 60c.

2
2

6 50c.
6 50c.
6 40c.
6 40c.

1
1
1
1

38.9
50.0
50.0
44.4
35.2
37.0
38.9
40.7
35.2
38.9

2 1 .0 0

2 1 .0 0

16.00
2 1 .0 0

27.00
27.00
24.00
19.00

2 0 .0 0
2 1 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

19.00
2 1 .0 0

61

9
9
9
9
9

-54
-54
-54
-54
-54

(8
)

31.5

20.00
16.00

19.00

(8
)

17.00

I - 8 -48
I - 8 -48
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

(8
)

9-

>-54

(8
(8

(8

-54
-54
-54
-54

31.6
43.2
38.6
35.1

- 9 -54
- 9 -54
- 9 -54
-9 -5 4

31.5
33.3
35.2
37.0

17.00
18.00
19.00

20.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 9 - 9 -54
9 -9 -5 4
9 9 - 9 -54

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54

31.5
35.2

17.00
19.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

-60
-60
-60
-60

33.3
33.3
28.3
28.3

20.00
20.00
17.00
17.00

10
10
10
10

9
9
9
9

18.00
24. 60

22.00
20.00

9£9§9494-

94-57
94-57
94-57
94-57

35.0
36.7
30.0
31.7

2 1 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

37.0

2 0 .0 0

6 50c.

10 1

99 •- 9 -54

35.2

19.00

9 9 _ 9 _54

37.0

2 0 .0 0

6 50c.

10 1

99 - 9 - 5 4

35.2

19.00

9 9 - 9 -54

33.3
29.6

18.00
16.00

6 50c.
6 50c.

10 1
10 1

99 - 9 - 5 4
99 - 9 - 5 4

31.5
27.8

17.00
15.00

9 9 _ 9 _54
9 9 _ 9 _54

35.4
41.7
39.6

17.00

6 50c.
6 50c.
6 50c.

10 1
10 1
10 1

H8 -8 -4 8
ii 8 - 8 -48
ii 8 - 8 -48

31.5
37.0
35.2

17.00

2 0 .0 0

20.00

9 9 - 9 -54
9 9 _ 9 _54
9 9 - 9 -54

18.00
19.00

19.00

1 Scale became 31.5 cents and 54 hours on June 1,1917.

» Hebrew holidays off, with pay.




Rate of
wages—

Hours—
Full day;
SatPer
Saturdays; urday
Full week. half Per week
hour.
full
holi­
tim e.
day
pre­
vailed

Reg ular
rate rnultiplied by—

2 Scale became 40.7 cents and 54 hours on June 1,1917.
8 Scale became 35.2 cents and 54 hours on June 1,1917.
4 W ork prohibited.

• Rate, in cents, per hour.

May 15, 1916.

10
10
10
10

-10
-10
-10
-10

19.00

-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60

7 H olidays off, with pay.
s N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
9 Sundays, 9 hours; do not work on Saturdays.
10 D o not work on holidays.
11 Sundays, 8 hours; do not work on Saturdays.

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND- HOUES OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b le

75

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES— Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
R ate of wages-r-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
Sun­
week For days
full over­
tim e. time. and
holi­
days.

May 15,1916.
R ate of
wages—

Hours—
mh,
F u ll d ay; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
time.
holi­
day
pre­
vailed

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

north atlantic —continued.

Newark, N. J.—Concluded.
Hebrew bread—
Foremen or oven men,
d a y ..................................
Forem en or oven men,
night................................
Second hands or mixers,
d a y ..................................
Second hands or mixers,
night...............................
New H aven, C onn.:
Hand bakeries—
First hands or forem en..
Second hands....................
B enchmen..........................
Oven m en ..........................
Hebrew bread—
First hands........................
Second hands....................
' Third hands......................
Italian bread, hand and
machine bakeries—
Foremen, 2 regular ovens,
4 bakings per d a y.........
Foremen, 1 medium
oven, 3 bakings per day
Foremen, 1 regular oven,
3 bakings per day.........
Foremen, extra large
oven, 2 bakings per day
Second hands, 2 regular
ovens, 4 bakings per
day...................................
Second hands, 1 medium
oven, 3 bakings per
day...................................
Second hands, 1 regular
oven, 3 bakings per
day...................................
Second hands, extra
large oven, 2 bakings
per day............................
Machine bakeries—
Foremen,
regular
ovens, 4 bakings per
day...............................
Foremen, extra large
ovens, 3 bakings per
da y...............................
Second hands, regular
ovens, 4 bakings per
day...............................

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

53.7

29.00

i 65c.

» 9 - 9 -54

48.1

26.00

3 9 - 9 -54

55.6

30.00

i 65c.

8 9 _ 9 -54

50.0

27.00

3 9 - 9 -54

48.1

26.00

i 65c.

s 9 - 9 -54

42.6

23.00

3 9 - 9 -54

50.0

27.00

i 65c.

8 9 - 9 -54

44.4

24.00

3 9 - 9 -57

44.4
38.9
37.0
40.7

24.00

i50c.
i50c.
i50c.
i50c.

38.9
33.3
31.5

21.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

(5)

(5)

45.6
38.6
35.1

26.00

i50c.
i 45c.
i 45c.

6 94- 94-57
6 9|- 94-57
6 94- 94-57

42.1
35.1
31.6

24.00
18.00

6 94- 9 4 -5 7
6 9 i_ 9 4 - 5 7

31.6

18.00 7135c.

9 9 4 - 9 .i_ 5 7

24.6

14.00

9 94- 94-57

31.6

18.00 7 180c.

9

9j_ 9i_57

(5
)

(5
)

(6)

29.8

17.00 7170c.

99i_ 9i_57

(5
)

(5)

(B
)

29.8

17.00 7260c.

99i_ 9|_57

(5
)

(5
)

(5
)

28.1

16.00 7135c.

9 91- 9 1 -5 7

28.1

16.00 7180c.

9 9i_ 9 4 - 5 7

(5
)

(5)

(5
)

26.3

15.00 7170c.

9 9 4- 9 4 -5 7

(5)

(5)

(6)

26.3

15.00 7260c.

9 94- 9 4 -5 7

(5)

(5)

(6
)

35.1

20.00

7150c.

9 9 4- 9 1 -5 7

28.1

16.00

31.6

18.00 7180c.

9 94- 94-57

(5
)

(5
)

31.6

18.00 7150c.

9 9 j_ 9 1 - 5 7

24.6

14.00

21.00
20.00
22.00
22.00
20.00

9
9
9
9

-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5

4
4
4
4

18.00
17.00

20.00

21.1 12.00

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.

2 Hebrew holidays off, w ith pay.
* Sundays, 9 hours; do not work on Fridays.
4 H olidays off, with pay.
5 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
• Sundays, 9 4 hours; do not work on Fridays.
1 Rate, in cents, per baking.
s Holidays off, with pay, for performing extra half day's work on preceding day.
9 Sundays, 9 4 hours; do not work on Saturdays.




(5
)
6 94- 94-57

9 9^_ 9 4 - 5 7

9 9 4 - 9^-57

C)
B
9 94- 94-57

76
T a b le

BU LLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

M ay 15, 1917.
R ate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
and
hour.
full
time. time. holi­
days.

M ay 15, 1916.
R ate of

Hours—
in*,
Full day;
SatPer
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

n orth atlantic —continued.

N ew Y ork, N. Y :
Hand and machine baker­
ies—
First hands, union A Cents. Dolls.
41.2 21.00
B ron x..........................
First hands, union B
38.9 21.00
B rooklyn....................
First hands, union C
Manhattan.................
37.0 20.00
First hands, union M
41.2 21.00
B ron x ..........................
First hands, union P
Manhattan............
39.2 20.00
First hands, union Q
Manhattan.................
43.1 22.00
Second hands, union A
B ron x ..........................
35.3 18.00
Second hands, union B
B rooklyn....................
33.3 18.00
Second hands, union C
Manhattan............
33.3 18.00
Second hands, union D
Manhattan.................
35.3 18.00
Second hands, union M
B ron x ..........................
35.3 18.00
Second hands, union N
Manhattan............
37.0 20.00
Second hands, union O
B rooklyn....................
40.7 22.00
Second hands, union P
Manhattan............
35.3 18.00
Second hands, union Q
Manhattan............
39.2 20.00
Third hands, union A
B ron x ....................
31.4 16.00
Third hands, union B
B rooklyn....................
31.5 17.00
Third hands, union C
Manhattan.................
31.5 17.00
Third hands, union D
Manhattan.................
31.4 16.00
Third hands, union E
Manhattan............
31.4 16.00
Third hands, union M
B ron x ..........................
31.4 16.00
Third hands, union O
B rooklyn....................
33.3 18.00
Third hands, union Q
Manhattan............
35.3 18.00
Fourth hands, union P
31.4 16.00
Manhattan.................
Benchmen, union C
Manhattan............
33.3 18.00
Benchmen, union E
Manhattan............
35.3 18.00




Regular
rate mult
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

i45c.

8 £ - 81-51

37.3

19.00

2 60c.

9 -9 -5 4

35.2

19.00

2 50c.

9 -9 -5 4

30.0

18.00

1 50c.

8 £- 8|-51

35.2

19.00

2 45c.

81- 81-51

35.3

18.00

a 40c.

8 J- 8^—
51

39.2

20.00

1 45c.

81- 81-51

29.6

16.00

2 50c.

9 - 9 -54

29.6

16.00

2 40c.

9 -9 -5 4

26.7

16.00

2 45c.

81- 81-51

29.6

16.00

31.4

16.00

1 40c.

81- 81-51

2 40c.

9 -9 -5 4

(4
)

(4
)

2 40c.

9 -9 -5 4

33.3

18.00

2 45c.

81- 81-51

31.4

16.00

2 35c.

81- 81-51

35.3

18.00

1 45c.

81- 81-51

25.9

14.00

2 50c.

9 -9 -5 4

27.8

15.00

2 40c.

9 -9 -5 4

25.0

15.00

2 45c.

81- 81-51

25.9

14.00

5 45c.

81- 81-51

25.9

14.00

1 40c.

81- 81-51

27.5

14.00

2 40c.

9 -9 -5 4

27.8

15.00

2 30c.

81- 81-51

31.4

16.00

2 40c.

81- 81-51

27.5

14.00

2 40c.

9 -9 -5 4

(4
)

(4
)

5 45c.

81- 81-51

29.6

16.00

1 Rate, in cents, per hour; overtim e lim ited to 2 hours per day.
2 Rate, in cents, per hour.
3 Holidays off, with pay.
* N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
6 Rate, in cents, per hour; overtim e lim ited to 2 hours per week.

Hours—
Full day;

77

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOE, M A Y 15, 1917.
T able

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF L A B O R IN EACH

T R A D E , ETC.— Continued. *
BAKERY TRAD ES— Continued.
BAK ERS—Continued.
May 15,1917.
R ate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
Sun­
week For days
over­
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Mos.
M ay 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
R ate of
year
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Full day;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC—continued.
New Y ork, N. Y .—Contd.
Hand and machine baker­
ies—Concluded.
Foremen w ith 3 men,
union C, Manhattan. . .
Foremen with more than
3 men, union C, Man­
hattan..............................
Foremen, union E, Man­
hattan..............................
Foremen,
union
0,
B rooklyn........................
Oven men, union C,
Manhattan.....................
O ven# men and dough
mixers,
union
0 ,
B rooklyn........................
Last hand, union C, Man­
hattan..............................
Machine bakeries—
Benchmen, union A ,
B ronx..............................
Benchmen, union B,
Manhattan.....................
Foremen,
union
A,
B ron x..............................
Foremen w ith one man,
union E , B rooklyn ___
Foremen, union B , Man­
hattan.............................
Oven m en, union A ,
B ronx..............................
Oven men and mixers,
union B , M anhattan...
Oven men and mixers,
union E, B rooklyn.......
Oven men, union E,
B rooklyn........................
Second hands, union E,
B rooklyn........................
Sponge and dough set­
ters, union A , B r o n x ..
Sponge and dough set­
ters, union E , Brook­
lyn ...................................
Hebrew bread—
Hand and machine
bakeries—
First hands, union G,
B ron x..........................
First hands, more than
2 ovens, union G,
B ronx..........................
First hands, union I,
Manhattan.................
First hands, more than
2 ovens, union I,
Manhattan.................

Cents. Bolls.

Cents. Dolls.

37.0

2 0 .0 0

i50c.

21

40.7

2 2 .0 0

i50c.

21

9 -9 -5 4

(3)

(3)

41.2

2 1 .0 0

50c.

1

8 ! - 81-51

35.2

19.00

9 -9 -5 4

9 _ 9 _54

42.6

23.00

9 _ 9 _54

9 -9 -5 4

(3)

(3)

9 -9 -5 4

(3)

(3)

48.1

26.00

i 50c.

1

37.0

2 0 .0 0

i 40c.

21

40.7

2 2 .0 0

i 50c.

1

9 -9 -5 4

35.2

19.00

31.5

17.00

i 40c.

21

9 -9 -5 4

(3)

(3)

(3)
(3)

(3)
9 -9 -5 4
(3)

37.3

19.00

4 40c.

1

8 J- 81-51

33.3

17.00

81- 81-51

37.3

19.00

i 45c.

1

8 J- 8|-51

33.3

17.00

81- 81-51

49.0

25.00

4 45c.

1

8£_ 8^-51

45.1

23.00

81- 81-51

49.0

25.00

i60c.

21

81- 81-51

45.1

23.00

81- 81-51

49.0

25.00

i 50c.

1

81- 81-51

45.1

23.00

81- 81-51

43.1

2 2 .0 0

4 40c.

1

81- 8J-51

39.2

2 0 .0 0

81- 81-51

43.1

2 2 .0 0

i 45c.

1

81- 81-51

39.2

2 0 .0 0

81- 81-51

43.1

2 2 .0 0

i50c.

21

81- 81-51

39.2

2 0 .0 0

81- 81-51

43.1

2 2 .0 0

i 60c.

21

81- 81-51

39.2

2 0 .0 0

81- 81-51

37.3

19.00

i 50c.

21

81- 81-51

33.3

17.00

81- 81-51

39.2

2 0 .0 0

4 40c.

1

81- 81-51

35.3

18.00

81- 81-51

39.2

2 0 .0 0

i 50c.

21

81- 81-51

35.3

18.00

81- 81-51

60.8

31.00

i 70c.

61

81- 81-51

56.9

29.00

81- 81-51

i 70c.

61

8 -8 -4 8

60.4

29.00

8 -8 -4 8

(6)

61

81- 81-51

54.9

28.00

81- 81-51

64.6

31.00

58.8

30.00

62.5

30.00

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 H olidays off, with pay.
8 N o scale in effect May 15,1916.




Reg ular
rate rnultiplied by—

61
8 -8 -4 8
58.3 28.00
8 -8 -4 8
(6)
« Rate, in cents, per hour; overtim e lim ited to 2 hours per day.
&Hebrew holidays off, with pay.
6 W ork prohibited.

78
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
May 15,1917.
R ate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Mos.
M ay 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Full day;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
Per week
Full week. half
Full week.
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC—continued.
New Y ork N . Y —Contd.
Hebrew bread—Contd.
Hand and m a c h i n e
bakeries—Contd.
First hands, union J,
Manhattan.................
First hands, union K ,
Manhattan.................
First hands, union M,
B ronx..........................
Second hands, union
G, B ronx....................
Second hands, more
than 2 ovens, union
G, B ron x-----1............
Second hands, union
I, Manhattan.............
Second hands, more
than 2 ovens, union
I, Manhattan.............
Second hands, union
J, M anhattan............
Second hands, union
K , Manhattan...........
Second hands, union
M, Manhattan...........
Third hands, union G,
B ron x..........................
Third hands, more
than 2 ovens, union
G, B ronx.....................
Third hands, union H,
B rooklyn....................
Third hands, more
than 2 ovens, union
H , B rook ly n .............
Third hands, union I,
Manhattan.................
Third hands, more
than 2 ovens, union
I,.Manhattan.............
Third hands, union K ,
Manhattan.................
Third hands, union L,
B rooklyn....................
Third hands, more
than 2 ovens, union
L , B rooklyn...............
Third hands, union M,
Manhattan.................
Fourth hands, union I,
Manhattan.................
Benchmen, union H ,
B rooklyn.....................
Benchmen, more than
2 ovens, union H ,
Brooklyn....................
Benchmen, union L ,
B rooklyn...................

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

21

8 -8 -4 8

54.2

26.00

8 -8 -4 8

31.00

3 70c.

41

8 *- 8|-51

54.9

28.00

8 *- 8*-51

42.6

23.00

3 40c.

21

9 -9 -5 4

38.9

2 1 .0 0

9 -9 -5 4

52.9

27.00

3 70c.

21

8 *- 8*-51

49.0

25.00

8 *- 8*-51

56.3

27.00

3 70c.

21

8 -8 -4 8

52.1

25.00

. 8 - 8 —
48

54.9

28.00

C)
1

21

8 *- 8*-51

49.0

25.00

8 J- 8*-51

30.00

60.8

58.3

28.00

C)
1

21

8 -8 -4 8

52.1

25.00

8 -8 -4 8

50.0

24.00

(!)

21

8 -8 -4 8

41.7

2 0 .0 0

8 -8 -4 8

52.9

27.00

3 70c.

41

8 * - 8*-51

47.1

24.00

8 *- 8*-51

37.0

20.00

340c.

21

9 -9 -5 4

33.3

18.00

9 -9 -5 4

49.0

25.00

3 60c.

21

8 *- 8J-51

45.1

23.00

8 * - 8*-51

52.1

25.00

3 60c.

21

8 -8 -4 8

47.9

23.00

8 -8 -4 8

49.0

25.00

C)
1

21

8 *- 8*-51

45.1

23.00

8 * - 8*-51

52.1

25.00

C)
1

«1

8 -8 -4 8

47.9

23.00

8 -8 -4 8

49.0

25.00

0)

21

8 *— 8*—
51

45.1

23.00

8 *- 8*-51

52.1

25.00

C)
1

21

8 -8 -4 8

47.9

23.00

8 -8 -4 8

49.0

25.00

3 70c.

<1

8 * - 8*-51

43.1

2 2 .0 0

8 * - 8*-51

45.1

23.00

C)
1

21

8 *- 8*-51

39.2

2 0 .0 0

8 * - 8*-51

47.9

23.00

C)
1

21

8 -8 -4 8

41.7

2 0 .0 0

8 -8 -4 8

33.3

18.00

3 40c.

21

9 -9 -5 4

29.6

16.00

9 -9 -5 4

39.2

20.00

C)
1

21

8 *- 8*-51

35.3

18.00

8 *— 8*—
51

54.9

28.00

0)

21

8 *- 8*-51

51.0

26.00

8 * - 8*-51

58.3

28.00

C)
1

21

8 -8 -4 8

54.2

26.00

8 -8 -4 8

(O

21

8*-'8*-51

47.1

24.00

8 * - 8*-51

52.9

27.00

1 W ork prohibited.
2 Hebrew holidays off, with pay.




Cents. Dolls.

(1)

62.5

3 R ate, in cents, per hour.
< 1 0 days off each year with pay.

79

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T able

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES— Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week over­ days
and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Full day;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
Full week. half Per week
Full week.
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC—continued.
New Y ork N . Y .—Concld.
Hebrew bread—Concld.
Hand and m a c h i n e
bakeries—Concld.
Benchmen, more than
2 ovens, union L,
B rooklyn....................
Oven men, union H,
B rooklyn....................
Oven men, more than
2 ovens, union H,
B rooklyn....................
Oven men, union L,
B rooklyn....................
Oven men, more than
2 ovens, union L,
B rooklyn....................
Machine bakeries—
First hands....................
Second hands................
Third hands...................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Hebrew bread—
Foremen or oven m en . . .
Second hands or m ix ers..
Third hands......................
Fourth hands....................
Polish bread—
First hands, 1 oven ..........
First hands, 2 ovens........
Second hands....................
Third hands......................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Hand bakeries—
Benchmen..........................
Forem en............................
Oven men or m ixers........
Helpers...............................
Machine bakeries—
Benchm en.........................
Forem en............................
Oven men or m ixers........
Helpers...............................
Hebrew bread—
First hands or forem en. .
Second hands....................
Third hands......................
Fourth hands. ...............
Polish bread—
B enchm en.........................
Forem en............................
Second hands....................
Helpers...............................

Cents. Dolls.
56.3 27.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

8 -8 -4 8

50.0

24.00

8 -8 -4 8

C)
1

62.7

21
21

84 - 8|-51

58.8

30.00

83 - 8*-51

66.7

32.00

C)

21

8 -8 -4 8

62.5

30.00

8 - 8

60.8

31.00

C)
1

21

8£- 84-51

54.9

28.00

8 * - 81-51

C)
1

21

8 -8 -4 8

58.3

28.00

8 -8 -4 8

31.00
27.00
25.00

3 70c.
2 70c.
3 70c.

41
41
41

7|- 7|-45
7b- 74-45
7|- 74-45

62.2
53.3
51.1

28.00
24.00
23.00

74- 74-45
74~ 74-45
74- 74-45

21
21
21
21

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

48.1
42.6
35.2
25.9

26.00
23.00
19.00
14.00.

9
9
9
9

1
1
1
1

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

38.9
42.6
33.3
27.8

2 1 .0 0

23.00
18.00
15.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

1
1
1
1

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

31.5
37.0
35.2
25.9

li
n
n
1*

1
1
1

8 -8 -4
8 -8 -4
8 -8 -4
8 -8 -4

1*

71
71
71
71

64.6
60.0
55.6
51.9
46.3
38.9

28.00
25.00

42.6
46.3
37.0
33.3

23.00
25.00

21.00
16.00

20.00
18.00

35.2
42.6
38.9
31.5

19.00
23.00

37.5
52.1
41. 7
31.3

18.00
25.00

20.00

64.4
57.8
51.1
44.4

29.00
26.00
23.00

37.3
47.1
41.2
33.3

19.00
24.00

1*

21.00
17.00

15.00

20.00
21.00
17.00

n
n
3 50c.
3 60c.
3 50c.
3 50c.

1 W ork prohibited.
2 Hebrew holidays off, with pay.
8 Rate, in cents, per hour.
4 10 days off each year w ith pay.
&1 0 cents per hour more than regular rate.




Cents. Dolls.

0)

1

1
1
1
1

8
8
8
8

17.00
2 0 .0 0

19.00
14.00

( 6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

8 7\- 7i-45
8 7£- 74-45
8 7\- 74-45

57.8
51.1
44.4
40.0

26.00
23.00

9 g|_
9 8 i98i9 8i-

31.4
41.2
35.3
29.4

16.00

87i- 7^-45

84-51
81-51

8!-51
84-51

2 0 .0 0

18.00
2 1 .0 0

18.00
15.00

-48

-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5

4
4
4
4

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
(6)
(°)
(6)
(6)
8 7b8 7|8 7 i8 74 -

71-45
7|-45
7|-45
74-45

9 84 9 8 i9 8i 98f-

84-51
81-51
84-51
84-51

6 No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
7 Double tim e on Jewish holidays.
8 Sundays, 7\ hours; do not work on Fridays.
» Sundays, S| hours; do not work on Saturdays.

80

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES— Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
May 15,1917.
R ate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

North

For
Per
Sun­
week For days
full over­ and
tim e. time. holi­
days.

atlantic —concluded.

Providence, R . I.:
Machine bakeries—
First hands........................
H elpers..............................
Hebrew bread—
Forem en.............................
Second hands....................
Third hands......................
Ital ian bread—
First hands........................
Second hands....................
Rochester, N. Y .:
Benchmen.............................
Foremen, 5 or more m e n ...
Foremen, 3 or 4 m en___
Forem en, 1 or 2 m en___
Oven m en........................ _ __
Mixers.....................................
Second hands, large shops..
Second hands, small shops.
H elpers..................................
Hebrew bread—
First hands........................
Second hands....................
Third hands......................
Fourth hands....................
Springfield, Mass.:
Foremen, or'first hands___
Second hands or oven m en.
T hird hands or under
hands...................................
Hebrew bread—
Foremen or first h a n d s. . .
Second hands or oven
m en - ..............................
Third hands or under
hands.............................
Worcester, Mass.:
Hebrew bread—
Foremen or oven m e n . . .
Second hands....................
Third hands......................
SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, M d.:
H ebrew bread—
Foremen or oven m en ___
Second hands or m ix ers. .
R ichm ond, V a.:
Benchmen or drawers. .
Mixers...............................
Oven m en........................
Washington, D . C.:
Hand bakeries.................
Machine bakeries...........

Cents. Dolls.

31.a

18.00
15.00

11
11

46.3
42.6
38.9

25.00
23.00

2 50c.
2 50c.
2 50c.

31

27.8
23.6

20.00 * 175c.

35.2
46.3
46.3
46.3
40.7
38.9
40.7
35.2
27.8

19.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

22.00
21.00
22.00
19.00
15.00

49.0
45.1
43.1
37.3

25.00
23.00

42.6
37.0

23.00

22.00
19.00

20.00

Cents. Dolls.
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

0)
0)

(!)
0)

31
31

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

40.4
36.8
31.6

23.00
18.00

91- 91-57
91- 91-57
91- 91-57

1
1

12 -12 -72
12 -12 -72

20.8

25.0

18.00
15.00

12 -12 -72
12 -12 -72

1£
1*
1£
11
i£
1*
l*
11
11

51
61
61
61
61

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

31.5

17.00

6 9 - 9 -54

42.6
38.9
37.0
37.0
35.2
31.5
24.1

23.00

6 9 _ 9 -54

11
11
11
11

1
1
1
1

81818181-

40.7
37.0
35.2
33.3

22.00
20.00

9
9
9
9

H
11

2
2

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

38.9
33.3

21.00
18.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

17.00 4 175c.

11
11

61
51
61
51

81-51
81-51
81-51
8|-51

21.00

21.00
20.00
20.00
19.00
17.00
13.00

19.00
18.00

(0
C)
1

«9
«9
69
69
69

_
-

9 -54
9 -54
9 -54
9 -54
9 -54

69 _ 9 -54
-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5

4
4
4
4

33.3

18.00

H

2

9 -9 -5 4

29.6

16.00

9 -9 -5 4

51.9

28.00

2 75c.

71

9 -9 -5 4

48.1

26.00

9 -9 -5 4

44.4

24.00

2 70c.

^1

9 -9 -5 4

40.7

22.00

9 -9 -5 4

38.9

21.00

2 65c.

71

9 -9 -5 4

35.2

19.00

9 -9 -5 4

49.1
44.8
37.0

26.50
24.20

2 65c.
2 65c.
2 65c.

81

81

9 9 - 9 -54
9 9 - 9 -54
9 9 - 9 -54

44.4
40.7

22.00

24.00

9 9 - 9 -54
9 9 - 9 -54
9 9 - 9 -54

46.3
40.7

25.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

40.4
35.1

23.00

11

20.00

»1- 91-57
>£- 91-57

31.1
33.1
35.0

16.80
17.90
18.90

2 40c.
2 40c.
2 45c.

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

29.6
31.5
33.3

16.00
17.00
18.00

► 9 -54
i - 9 -54
1 -9 -5 4

103
6.1

19.50
19.50

u40.6

20.00

22.00

1 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
2 Rate, in cents, per hour.

3 Hebrew holidays off, with p a y .
* Rate, in cents, per baking.
6 Double tim e on holidays.
6 6 days off each year w ith pay.




Regular
rate multiplied by—

37.5

21.00

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
R ate of
year
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Full day;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
Per week
Full week. half
Full week.
hour.
full
holi­
tim e.
day
pre­
vailed

81

U

3

18.00

9 -9 -5 4
8 -8 -4 8
7 H ebrew holidays, Labor B a y , and Christinas
D a y off, w ith pay.
8 D o not work on H ebrew holidays.
9 Sundays, 9 hours; d o not work on Saturdays.
10 Scale became 40 cents on June 2,1917.
11 Scale became 45 cents on June 2 , 1917.

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OP LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

81

SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
May 15,1917.
R ate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
week For days
full over­ and
time. time. holi­
days.

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Full day;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half
F ull week.
hear. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Hand bakeries—
Foremen, spongers, and
oven men, d a y.............
Foremen, spongers, and
oven men, night..........
Second hands, d a y .........
Second hands, night —
Third hands, d a y ...........
Third hands, n ig h t........
Machine bakeries—
Foremen, spongers, and
oven men, d a y ..............
Foremen, spongers, and
oven men, night...........
Second hands, d a y ...........
Second hands, n ight........
Bohemian bread—
H and bakeries—
Foremen,spongers, and
oven men, d a y ...........
Forem en, spongers, and
oven men, n ig h t.
Second hands, day.
Second hands, n igh t. . .
Third hands, d a y .........
Third hands? n ig h t----Machine bakeries—
Foremen,spongers, and
oven m en....................
Second hands.................
Hebrew bread—
Foremen.............................
Second hands....................
Third hands.......................
Polish bread—
Foremen, spongers, and
oven men, d a y...............
Foremen, spongers, and
oven men, night..........
Second hands, d a y .........
Second hands, night----Third hands, d a y ...........
Third hands, night.........
Scandinavian oread—
Foremen, spongers, and
oven men, d a y...............
Foremen, spongers, and
oven men, night..........
Second hands, d a y.........
Second hands, night----Third hands, d a y...........
Third hands, n ig h t........

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

42.6

23.00

i 75c.

21

9 - 9 -54

38.9

21.00

9-9-54

46.3
38.9
42.6
31.5
35.2

25.00

75c.
75c.
75c.
75c.
75c.

21
21
21
21
21

9
9
9
9
9

42.6
35.2
38.9
29.6
33.3

23.00
19.00

9 - 9 -f

23.00
17.00
19.00

i
i
i
i
i

16.00
18.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 - : - 14
Q - “ -o4

47.9

23.00

i 75c.

31

8

52.1
43.8
47.9

25.00

3 75c.

2 1 .0 0

1 75c.
1 75c.

31
31
31

0 - 8 -48

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

47.9 ' 23.00 j
39.6 19.00 I
43. 8 j <
31,00

40.7

2 2 .0 0

i 75c.

31

9 - 9 -54

37.0

20.00

9 -9 -5 4

44.4
37.0
40.7
31.5
37.0

24.00

75c.
75c.
75c.
75c.
75c.

31
31
31
31
31

9 - 9
9 - 9
- 9
9 - 9
9 - 9

-54
-54
-54
-54
-54

40.7
33.3
37.0
23.6
33.3

22.00

2 0 .0 0

i
i
i
i
i

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

52.1
47.9

25.00
23.00

i 75c.
i 75c.

«1
31

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

47.9
43.8

23.00

21.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

54.9
49.0
45.1

28.00
25.00
23.00

i 75c.
i 75c.
i 75c.

<1

8 J- 84-51
8 J- 8J-51

51.0
45.1
41.2

26.00
23.00

8 * - 8^-51
8 *- 8J-51

38.9

2 1 .0 0

i 50c.

61

9 - 9 -54

40.7
35.2
37.0
31.5
33.3

2 2 .0 0

i
i
i
i
i

61
51

51
61

9
9
9
9
9

2 1 .0 0

23.00

2 0 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

17.00

19.00
2 0 .0 0

17.00
18.00

50c.
50c.
50c.
50c.
50c.

*1

41

-

9
9
9
9
9

-54
-54
-54
-54
-54

8 -48

8

8i-51

-

9
9
9
9
9

23.00

i 75c.

‘ 1

8 -8 -4 8

25.00

i
i
i
i
i

*1

9
9
9
9
9

2 1 .0 0

23.00
19.00
2 1 .0 0

»1
»1
»1
51

9
9
9
9
9

18.00

20.00
16.00
18.00

21.00

-54
-54
-54
-54
-54 )

42.6
35.2
38.9
31.5
35.2




8

8£-51

9 -9 -5 4

23.00
19.00

9
9
9
9
9

21.00
17.00
19.00

1 R ate, in cents, per hour,
a Tim e and one-half on holidays,
a D o not work on holidays.
* Hebrew holidays, tim e and one-half; other holidays off, with pay.
6 H olidays off, with pay.

62373°—19—Bull. 245------6

8 -8 -4 8
3 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

21.00

9 - 9 -54

46.3
38.9
42.6
35.2
38.9

-

9 - 9 -54

-54
-54
-54
-54
-54

42.6

75c.
75c.
75c.
75c.
75c.

21.00

-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5

4
4
4
4
4

82
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES— Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
May 15,1917.
Rate of w ages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

north central —continued.

Cincinnati, Ohio:
Hand bakeries—
Benchmen...............
Foremen..................
Third hands----Helpers...............
Machine bakeriesBenehmen.........
j' oremen.............

For
Per
For Sun­
week over­ days
full time. and
tim e.
holi­
days.

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15l
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Per
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
Per week
F ull week. half
Full week.
hour. full
holi­
tim e.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
Cents. D olls. plied by—
29.6
37.0
. 33.3
. 24.1
22.2
33.3
. 47.9
. 39.6
. 25.0

16.00
23.00
19.00
12.00

2
2
2
2
2

16.00
20.00
18.00
13.00
12.00

ii^ lw r s .......
...........
Cleveland, O h::’
First hands........................ . 335.3 18.0C
Second h a n d s .................. , 531.4 16.00
Bohemian bread—
First hands, day
-----41.7 20.00
First hands, nigb .......... . 43 « 21.00
Second hands, da r -----39. 6 19.00
41.7 20.00
Second hands, nigi. t . . .
35.4 17.00
Third hands, d a y .........
Third hands, n ig h t------ . 37.5 18.00
Hebrew bread—
Bench men, d a y ........... . 741.7 20.00
Benchmen, n ight..........
M3.8 21.00
1 52.1 25.00
0
Oven men, d a y .............
Oven men, n ig h t........... H54.2 26.00
Helpers, d a y.................. . 1231.5 17.00
Helpers, night............... . 1231.5 17.00
Columbus, Ohio:
B rickm en............................
31.5 17.00
40.7 22.00
First hands.........................
Second hands...................... 35.2 19.00
37.0 20.00
Mixers..................................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and R ock Island, 111.:
Bakers, 1 -man shop...........
38.9 21.00
Benchmen............................ 35.2 19.00
Foremen, over 2 or more
m en...................................
42.6 23.00
Oven m e n ........................... 35.2 19.00
Detroit, Mich.:
Benchmen........................... . 41.2 2 1 . 0 0
Foremen and first h ands... 49.0 25.00
Oven men and m ixers........ 45.1 23.00

1

1
1
1
1

Cents. Dolls.
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

J 14
x 14

21
21
21
21

4 40c.
- i0c.

1
1

4 50c,
< 50c.
4 50c.
4 50c.
4 50c.
4 50c.

61
61
61
61
61
61

8
8
8
8
8
8

4 50c.
4 50c.
4 65c.
4 75c.
4 45c.
4 45c.

8
8
8
8
8
8

1
1
1
1
1
1

9 -9 -5 4

1 4 5 0 c. 1 50C.
4

14 50c. 14 50C.

2 2 .2

18.5

1 2 .0 0
1 0 .0 0

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

37.5
39.6
35.4
37.5
31.3
33.3

18.00
19.00
17.00
18.00
15.00
16.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

28.1
35.1
31.6
31.6

16.00
2 0 .0 0

94949494-

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

14 65c. 1 65c.
4
1 50c. 14 50c.
4

15.00
19.00
17.00

8 -8 -4 8

1 1
3
13 1
1 1
3
1 1
3

27.8
35.2
31.5

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

ii
lh

li

U

61
61

61

8
8
8
8

-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8

3 8 |- 84-51
5 84- 84-51
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8

5 -48
I -54
I -54

► 9 -54
1 -9 -5 4

84- 84-51
84- 84-51
84- 84-51

35.3
39.2
39.2

18.00
18.00

18.00
2 0 .0 0
2 0 .0 0

1 Lim ited to 2 hours per day.
2 Tim e and one-half on holidays.
s Scale became 41.7 cents and 48 hours on June 1, 1917.
« Rate, in cents, per hour.
6 Scale became 37.5 cents and 48 hours on June 1 , 1917.
e Double tim e on holidays.
7 Scale became 47.9 cents on June 8 , 1917.
s Hebrew holidays off, with pay.
9 Scale became 50 cents on June 8 , 1917.
10 Scale became 58.3 cents on June 8 , 1917.
n Scale became 60.4 cents on June 8 , 1917.
12 Scale became 43.8 cents on June 8 , 1917.
w Double time on July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas.
h Rate, in cents, per hour; overtim e lim ited to 4 hours in each week.




94-57
94-57
94-57
94-57

84- 84-51
84- 84-51
84- 84-51

83

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BAKJERY TRADES— Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
R ate of w ages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

North

For
Per
For Sun­
week over­ days
full time. and
tim e.
holi­
days.

central —continued.

Detroit, Mich.—Concluded.
Hebrew bread—
Foremen, 2 ovens, d a y . . .
Foremen, 2 ovens, night..
Foremen, 1 oven, d a y ___
Foremen, 1 oven, n ig h t..
Second hands, d a y ..........
Second hands, night.......
Third hands, d a y.............
Third hands, night..........
Polish bread—
First hands, oven men,
and mixers, d a y ...........
First hands, oven men,
and mixers, night.........
Second hands and bench­
men, d a y ........................
Second hands and bench­
men, night.....................
Third hands, d a y.............
Third hands, night.........
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Benchmen.............................
Foremen, 4 or more m en...
Foremen, 3 men or less___
Second hands, mixers,
oven men, and spongers..
Third hands........................ .
Kansas City, Mo.:
Hand bakeries—
Benchmen.........................
Forem en...........................
Oven men or spongers...
Drawers.............................
Machine bakeries—
Benchmen.........................
Forem en............................
Oven men, spongers, or
mixers........................... .
Drawers............................
Milwaukee, W is.:
B enchm en............................
Foremen and oven m en_
_
Hebrew bread—
Benchmen........................
Foremen and oven men .
Third hands.................... .
Minneapolis, M inn.:
Baker, 1-man shop, d a y ...
Baker, 1-man shop, n ig h t..
Benchmen, d a y ..................
Benchmen, night...............

Cents. Dolls.

Reg'ular
rate nmltiplied by—
1
i 75c.

64.6
66.7
60.4
62.5
54.2
56.3
50.0
52.1

31.00
32.00
29.00
30.00
26.00
27.00
24.00
25.00

i 75c.
i 75c.
i 75c.
i 70c.
i 70c.
i 65c.
i 65c.

50.0

24.00

i 70c.

2

52.1

25.00

i 70c.

41

43.8

2 1 .0 0

1.60c.

45.8
37.5
39.6

2 2 .0 0

i 60c.
i 50c.
i50c.

18.00
19.00
17.00

Rate of
wages—

Hours—
A
Full day;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Per week
Full week. half
hour. full
holi­
tim e.
day
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.
26.00
27.00
24.00
25.00

8 -8 -4 8

(3)

(3)

(3)

8 -8 -4 8

(3)

(3)

(3)

2

8 -8 -4 8

(3)

(3)

(3)

41
2

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
( 3)
(3)

1
1
1

9J- 9§-57
9J- 9J-57
9J- 9J-57

26.3
31.6
31.6

15.00
18.00
18.00

9J- 9J-57
9J- 9i-57
9J- 9^-57

1
1

9J- 9J-57
9J- 9J-57

29.8

17.00

2 1 .1

1 2 .0 0

9J- 9J-57
9J- 9|-57

5 60c.
5 80c.
5 60c.
5 60c.

41
41
41
41

9 - 9 -&
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

37.0
50.0
40.7
38.9

2 0 .0 0

2 2 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

U

33.3
24.6

19.00
14.00

H

40.7
53.7
44.4
42.6

29.00
24.00
23.00

U

U

H

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

41

28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28

-

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

... A;.

2 1 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

19.00

2 0 .0 0

27.00
2 2 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

2 8 §2 8 J2 8 J2 8 £2 8 £2 8h2 8 J2 8f -

8|-51
8J-51
8J-51
8J-51
8|-51
8J-51
8J-51
8J-51

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

45.8
60.4

2 2 .0 0

5 60c.
5 80c.

41
41

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

41.7
56.3

2 0 .0 0

29.00

27.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

50.0
47.9

24.00
23.00

5 60c.
5 60c.

41
41

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

45.8
43.8

2 2 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

31.6
35.1

18.00

MOc.

2 0 .0 0

6 50c.

71
71

9J- 9J-57
9§- 9J-57

29.8
33.3

17.00
19.00

9£- 9J-57
9J- 9J-57

19.00

6 50c.
6 60c.
6 50c.

81
81

9J- 9J-57
9 i- 9i-57
9J- 9J-57

29.8
35.1
26.3

17.00
2 0 .0 0

15.00

9J- 9J-57
9J- 9J-57
9J- 9 g-57

i50c.
i50c.
i50c.
150c.

1
1
1
1

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

33.3
35.2
29.6
31.5

18.00
19.00
16.00
17.00

9
9
9
9

33.3
38.6
31.6
37.0
37.0
33.3
33.3

2 2 .0 0

18.00
2 0 .0 0
2 0 .0 0

18.00
18.00

81

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 W ork on Sundays; do not work on Fridays.
3 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.

4 Double time on holidays.
6 Rate, in cents, per hour, for first 5 hours; double time thereafter.
6 Rate, in cents, per hour; overtim e lim ited to 4 hours in each week.
7 D o not work on holidays.
8 On Labor D ay and Hebrew holidays, 50 cents per hour.




Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

51.0
52.9
47.1
49.0
41.2
43.1
37.3
39.2

29.8
38.6
36.8

2 2 .0 0

May 15, 1916.

-9 -5 4
-9 -5 4
-9 -5 4
-9 -5 4

84

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table

A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND H OURS OF LA B O R IN EACH
T R A D E , ETC.— Continued.

BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAK ER S—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
R ate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

NORTH CENTRAL—concluded.
Minneapolis, Minn.—Concld.
Foremen, 5 or more m en .. .
Foremen, 2 to 4 men, d a y ..
Foremen, 2 to 4 men, night.
Mixers and oven m en.........
Hebrew bread—
Benchmen..........................
Forem en.............................
Peoria, 111.:
‘Rp.nnhmfvn _ ........................
Foremen, 4 or more m e n ...
Foremen, less than 4 m e n ..
Oven men or spongers........
St. Louis, Mo.:
H and bakeries—
Benchm en.........................
Forem en............................
Machine bakeries—
Benchm en.........................
Foremen, 5 or more men.
Foremen, less than 5 men
Oven men and spongers..
Oven men and spongers’
assistants........................
Helpers...............................
H ebrew bread—
Forem en............................
Second hands...............
Third hands.................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Benchmen.............................
Forem en................................
Oven m en....................

Cents. Dolls.
44.4
40.7
40.7
37.0

24.00

May 15,1916.
R ate of
wages—

Hours—
A
Full day;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Full week. half Per week
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Reg ular
rate %
nultiplied b y -

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

i50c.
i50c.
i50c.
i50c.

1
1
1

9
9
9
9

4
4
4
4

(2)
35.2
37.0
(2)

2 0 .0 0

-9
-9
-9
-9

-5
-5
-5
-5

(2)
19.00
(2)

(2
)
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
(2)

38.9
48.1

2 1 .0 0

i50c.
i60c.

1
1

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

35.2
44.4

19.00
24.00

9 _ 9 _54
9 -9 -5 4

35.2
46.3
42.6
38.9

19.00
25.00
23.00

2
2
2
2

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

33.3
44.4
40.7
37.0

18.00
24.00

2 1 .0 0

i50c.
i50c.
i50c.
i50c.

9 - 9 -54
9 -9 -5 4
9 - 9 -54
9 -9 -5 4

29.6
35.2

16.00
19.00

i60c.
1 60c.

1
1

9 -9 -5 4
. 9 - 9 -54

33.3
45.8
39.6
39.6

16.00
2 2 .0 0

i60c.
i60c.
1 60c.
i60c.

1
1
1
1

8
8
8
8

17.00
1 2 .0 0

60c.
40c.

1
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

25.00

1 60c.

1
1
1

8 J- 8J-51
8 J- 8J-51
8 J- 8J-51

46.3
38.9
35.2

2 1 .0 0

i50c.
1 50c.

1
1
1

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

31.5
37.0
33.3

2 0 .0 0

18.00

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54
9 -9 -5 4

2
2
2
2

8 *8 J8 J8i -

24.6
29.8
28.1

14.00
17.00
16.00

9J- 9*-57
9*- 9*-57
9*- 9*-57

33.3
46.3
.......... 40.7
37.0

18.00
25.00
2 2 .0 0
2 0 .0 0

9
9
9
9

35.4
25.0

2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 0 .0 0

26.00

19.00
.19.00

49.0
41.2
37.3

2 1 .0 0

33.3
38.9
35.2

2 1 .0 0

19.00

i60c.
i60c.

18.00

1 50c.

19.00

-8 -4
-8 -4
-8 -4
-8 -4

2 2 .0 0
2 0 .0 0

8
8
8
8

25.00
19.00
17.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Dallas, Tex.:
Foremen, 5 or more m en ...
Foremen, less than 5 m en ..
Second hands........................
Third hands..........................
Louisville, K y .:
Benchmen........................
Mixers...................................
Oven m en....................

49.0
43.1
39.2
35.3

25.00
18.00

i50c.
1 50c.
i50c.
1 50c.

27.2
33.3
31.6

15.50
19.00
18.00

1*
1J

1
1
1

9*- 9*-57
9*- 9|-57
9 i- 9J-57

57.3

27.50
33.00

1h

1
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

i50c.
i50c.
i50c.
i50c.

1
1
1
1

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

i60c.
i70c.

1
1

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

2 2 .0 0
2 0 .0 0

8J-51
8J-51
8i-51
8J-51

"WESTERN.
B utte, Mont.:
Benchm en.............................
Foremen and m ixers...........
Denver, Colo.:
Benchmen....................
Foremen, 5 or more m en ...
Foremen, less than 5 m e n ..
Oven men or mixers...........
Hebrew bread—
B enchmen..........................
Foremen or oven m en . . .

6 8 .8

35.2
50.0
42.6
38.9

2 1 .0 0

38.9
42.6

23.00

19.00
27.00
23.00
2 1 .0 0

i Rate, in cents, per hour.




2 No scale in effect on May 15,1916.

-9 -5 4
_ 9 _54
-9 -5 4
- 9 -54

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, M A Y 15,
T a b le

A .— UNION

m l.

85

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BA K ERY T R A D E S— C oncluded.
BAK ER S—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
R ate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

_______

Cents. Bolls.
37.0
48.1
42.6
25.9

Ovpin men or mixp.rs...........
Third hands..........................
Hebrew bread—
Benchmen.......................... 41.2
Forem en............................ 52.9
Portland, Oreg.:
Hand bakeries—
Bakers, 1-man shop......... 43.1
Benchmen.......................... 39.2
Benchmen, partly oven
w ork ............................ 43.1
Formen, 2 or more m en .. 51.0
Foremen, 1 m an............... 46.1
Machine bakeries—
Benchmen.......................... 39.2
Oven m en.'........................ 51.0
Salt Lake C ity, U tah:
Bakers, 1-man shop............. 38.9
Benchm en............................. 35.2
Forem en................................ 44.4
Oven m en.............................. 40.7
San Francisco, Cal.:
Hand bakeries—
Benchmen.......................... 238.9
Benchmen, partly oven
w ork ................................ 442.6
Benchmen’s assistants__ 537.0
Foremen or oven m en . . . f'46.3
Machine bakeries—
Benchmen......................... 7 41.7
Benchmen, partly oven
w ork ................................ 6 45.8
Foremen or oven m en __ 8 52.1
Seattle, W ash.:
Benchmen............................. 45.8
Benchmen in charge of
o v e n s ................................. 50.0
Foremen, 1 m an................... 52.1
Foremen, 2 or more m en ... 56.3
Mixers.................................... 50.0
Spokane, W ash.:
Benchmen, d a y .................... 45.8
Benchmen, night................. 45.8
Foremen, d a y ....................... 54.2
Foremen, night.................... 54.2
Oven men or mixers, d a y .. 52.1
Oven men, night................. 52.1

Reg ular
rate rnulti,
plied by—

U

1
1
1

9 -9 -5
9 -9 -5
9 -9 -5
9 -9 -5

27.00

i!
U

1
1

2 2 .0 0
2 0 .0 0

1
1 ii

1
1

2 2 .0 0

1 14
1 1!
1 li

1
1
1

8}- 8J-51

2 0 .0 0

1 1*

1
1

8 |- 8|-51
8 J- 8J-51

H

1
1
1
1

Cents. Dolls.

8 J- 8*-51
8 J- 8|-51

26.00
23.50

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

8 f - 8J-51
8 J- 8|-51

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

2 0 .0 0

26.00
23.00
14.00
2 1 .0 0

26.00
2 1 .0 0

19.00
24.00
2 2 .0 0

ii
ii

1*

H
i*

4
4
4
4

33.3
44.4
38.9
2 2 .2

18.00
24.00
2 1 .0 0
1 2 .0 0

9
9
9
9

-9 -5 4
-9 -5 4
-9 -5 4
-9 -5 4

8 J- 8|-51
8 ! - 8*-51

33.3
28.3
40.0
35.0

2 0 .0 0

17.00
24.00
2 1 .0 0

10
10
10
10

-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60

2 1 .0 0

3 50c.

1

9 -9 -5 4

23.00
2 0 .0 0

25.00

3 50c.
3 50c.
3 75c.

1
1
1

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

2 0 .0 0

3 50c.

1

8 -8 -4 8

2 2 .0 0

3 50c.
3 75c.

1
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

2 2 .0 0

3 50c.

1

8 -8 -4 8

41.7

2 0 .0 0

8 - 8 -48

24.00
25.00
27.00
24.00

3 60c.
3 60c.
3 60c.
3 60c.

1
1
1
1

8
8
8
8

45.8

2 2 .0 0

8 -8 -4 8

52.1
45.8

25.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

3 65c.
3 65c.
3 75c.
3 75c.
3 70c.
3 70c.

38.9
43.8
48.2

2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

26.00

9 - 9 -54
8 -8 -4 8
9 -9 -5 4

42.6
42.6

23.00
23.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

25.00

26.00
26.00
25.00
25.00

1 Lim ited to 2 hours per day.
2 Scale became 42.6 cents on June 1 0 , 1917.
3 Rate, in cents, per hour.
4 Scale became 44.4 cents on June 10,1917.
e Scale became 40.7 cents on June 10,1917.




R ate of
wages—

Hours—
A
Full day;
SatPer
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour. week
full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

For
Per
Sun­
Per week For days
over­
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

w e st e r n —concluded.

Los Angeles, Cal.:
Bp.nr»hmen_

May 15, 1916.

91
91
91
91
9X
91

-8 -4
-8 -4
-8 -4
-8 -4

8
8
8
8

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

.........

2 2 .0 0

6 Scale became 50 cents on June 1 0 , 1917.
7 Scale became 45.8 cents on June 1 0 , 1917.
8 Scale became 56.3 cents on June 10,1917.

» D ouble tim e on holidays,

86

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN.
BOTTLERS.
May 15,1917.
R ate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass............................
Bridgeport, Conn....................
Buffalo, N. Y ...........................
Fall R iver, Mass......................
Newark, N . J.:
Bottlers, crowners, and
pasteurizers.......................
First m en ..............................
N ew Haven, Conn..................
Helpers...................................
New Y ork, N. Y .....................
Philadelphia, P a......................
Crowners...............................
Pittsburgh, P a ........................
Foremen, 4 men or less___
Foremen, more than 4 m en .
Providence, R . I ......................
Helpers...................................
Rochester, N. Y ......................
Scranton, P a ............................
Crowners...............................
Pasteurizers..........................
Springfield, Mass................... .
Plead bottlers...................... .
Bottlers, machine.............. .
W orcester, Mass......................
Wholesale houses................

For
Per
For Sun­
week over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Cents. Dolls.

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
holi­
time.
day
Pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

35.4 17.00 i50c. i50c.
27.8 15.00
2
H
231.3 *15.00
li
4li
.1 13.50 i50c. i50c.
29.6 5 16.00
li
2
35.2 619.00
2
li
31.5 17.00 i3 5c. 7 35c.
25.9 14.00 i35c. 7 35c.
31.5 17.00
l i 9 50c.
24.1 13.00
li
li
22.2 12.00
li
li
40.8 19.60 ioi
li
47.8 22.95 ioi
li
11
0
54.8 26.30
li
38.5 18.50 1 60c. i 75c.
35.4 17.00 i 60c. i 75c.
35. 4 H17.00 i50c. 12 50c.
35.4 17.00
li 13 2
33.3 16.00
l i 13 2
31.3 15.00
li 13 2
33.3 16.00 i 50c.
2
39.6 19.00 i50c.
2
37.5 18.00 i50c.
2
42.2 20.25 i50c.
2
39.6 19.00 i 50c.
2

Cents. Dolls.
8 -8 -4 8
9 -9 -5 4
3 8 - 8 -48
8 -8 -4 8

59 -

9 -54
- 9 -54
- 9 -54
- 9 -54
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

n 8 - 8 -48
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

27.8

15.00

1 -9 -5 4

36.5
42.7
49.0
35.4
32.3

17.50
20.50
23.50
17.00
15.50

-48
-48
-48

33.3
31.3
27.1

16.00
15.00
13.00

-48
-48
-48

-54

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, M d........
Helpers................
Jacksonville, F l a ..
W ashington, D. C.

1525.9
31.3

15.00
14.50
14.00
15.00

39.6
34.4
33.3

19.00
16.50
16.00

31.3
30.2

i 35c. K 35c.
i35c. H 35c.
li
i50c.

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111...........
Cincinnati, Ohio..
Cleveland, O h io..

li
li

(1 ;
6

8- I

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 Scale became 33.3 cents on July 1, 1917.
3 40 hours and $12.50 per week, December to March, inclusive.
4 For Sundays; Thanksgiving Day, Christmas, and New Year’ s D ay off, with regular pay; work one
half day on Memorial D ay and Thanksgiving Day, paid for full day.
5 45 hours and $13*33 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
6 45 hours and $15.83 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
7 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; work one-half day on holidays, paid for full day.
8 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to A pril, inclusive.
9 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day, except from May
16 to Sept. 15, regular rate.
10 On days before holidays and “ lay-off da y,” tim e and one-half,
u 40 hours and $14.17 per week, December to March, inclusive.
12 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays off, w ith regular pay.
, 1. J
1 For Sundays; w ork one-half day on July 4 and Memorial Day, paid for full day; other holidays on,
3
^ i^ R a te fin cents, per hour, for Sundays; work one-half day on Labor D ay, Thanksgiving D ay, a n d
election days, paid for full day; Christmas and New Year’ s D ay off, w ith pay.
is Scale became 31.3 cents and 48 hours on June 22, 1917.
i« W ork on Sundays prohibited; holidays off, w ith pay.




87

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T able

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
BOTTLERS—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

NORTH CENTRAL—concluded
Columbus, O h io...........
Detroit, Mich................
Grand Rapids, M ich...
Indianapolis, Ind.........
U tility m en...............
Bottlers, extra men..
Kansas City, Mo......... .
Milwaukee, W is ..........
Helpers...................... .
Minneapolis, Minn____
Omaha, Nebr................
Peoria, 111.....................
Helpers......................
R ock Island, 111..........
St. Louis, Mo...............
St. Paul, M inn............
SOUTH CENTRAL.
Dallas, T ex ..........................

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

Cents. Dolls.
17.00

20.00
18.00
17.00
17.25
12/50
19.50
17.00

11.00
17.50
17.50
16.00
14.50

20.00
18.00
17.50

41.7
41.7
42.7
33.3
24.1
27.8

20.00
20.00

Crowners, pasteurizers, etc.
Louisville, K y .................. .
Nashville, Tenn e...............
New Orleans, L a ...............
Butte, Mont.................
Denver, C olo...............
Head bottlers...........
Los Angeles, Cal..........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, U tah.
Head bottlers...........
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, Wash.®...........
Spokane, W ash .6 ........

56.3
37.5
40.6
50.0
41.7
39.6
41.7
50.0
•43.8
43.8

20.50
16.00
13.00
15.00

H
a

34.4

16.50

H
n
i2

39.6

19.00

H
H

lb

37.5

18.00

29.2

14.00

5 -8 -4 8

li

li

U

3 50c. 3 50c.
3 50c. 3 50c.
li
li
H
1i
3 70c. 3 70c.
li
lb
3 50c. 5 50c.

lb

H

1b

lb
lb

3 35c. 3 35c,

li

li
li

82

20.00

li
li
li

19.00

20.00
24.00

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

li
n
i*
n
ij
un
u

27.00
18.00
19.50
24.00

Houston, T e x .......................

R ate of

Hours—
mh,
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by
n
lb

35.4
41.7
37.5
35.4
35.9
26.0
40.6
35.4
22.9
2 36.5
35.4
33.3
30.2
41.7
37.5
‘ 36.5

May 15, 1916.

21.00
H
21.00 160c.

82

8
8
8
8
9
9

-8 -4
-8 -4
-8 -4
-8 -4
-9 -5
-9 -5

8
8
8
8
4
4

! - 7 -47
5 -8 -4 8
! - 8 -48
1 -8 -4 8
5 -8 -4 8
5 -8 -4 8
5 -8 -4 8
5 -8 -4 8

8 -8 -4 8

25.9

46.9

22.50

-48

li
3 60c.

BREWERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass:
Cellar men,fermenters, and
kettle m en.......................... 42.7
First cellar men, lermenters, and kettle m en .......... 46.9

20.50

3 6 Cc. i060c.

8 -8 -4 8

37.5

18.00

8 - 8 -4 8

22.50

3 60c. 10 60c.

8 - 8 -48

41.7

2 0 .0 0

8 - 8 -4 8

1 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
2 Scale* became 39.6 cents on June 1,1917.
s Rate, in cents, per hour.
4 Scale became 40.6 cents on June 1, 1917.
5 Rate, in cents, per hour. New Year's Day, July 4, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas off with pay;
paid holiday rate in addition if work is performed.
*
s “ Near beer.”
7 W ork 47 hours, paid for 48.
8 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
9 Scale became 46.9 cents on June 11, 1917.
10 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays and part day on holidays; for full day on holidays, regular rate.




88

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
BREWERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Sun­
Saturdays;
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week.
over­ and
Full week. half hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

R ate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

North

atlantic —continued.

Bridgeport, Conn.:
Cellar m en.............................
Fermenters and kettle men.
First cellar m en, ferment­
ers, and kettle m e n ..........
Buffalo, N . Y .:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en..........................
First cellar men, ferment­
ers. and kettle m en ..........
Fall River, Mass.:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en..........................
First cellar m en, ferment­
ers, and kettle m e n .........
Manchester, N .H .:
Cellar men and kettle m en.
Fermenters............................
First cellar m en and fer­
menters ..............................
First kettle m en ...................
Newark, N .J .:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en..........................
N ew H aven, Conn.:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en..........................
First cellar men, ferment­
ers, and kettle m e n .........
N ew Y ork, N .Y .:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en.........................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en.........................
First cellar m en, ferment­
ers, and kettle m en..........
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en.........................
First cellar m e n .. . .............
First brewhouse m en and
fermenters........................

Cents, Dolls.

20.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

19.00

150c.
i 50c.

(2
)
(2
)

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

21.00

41.7
39.6

i50c.

(2
)

.8 -8 -4 8

<21.00

i 50c. 5 50c.

* 8 - 8 -48

645.8 722.00

i50c. 5 50c.

7 8 - 8 -48

36.5

17.50

i50c. i50c.

; -48

4 0 .6

19.50

i 50c. i 50c.

5 -48

39.6
41.7

19.00

20.00

i 65c. i 65c.
i 65c. i65c.

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

.......... 33.3
33.3

16.00
16.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

41.7
43.8

20.00
21.00

i 65c. i 65c.
i 65c. i 65c.

5 -8 -4 8
1 -8 -4 8

.......... 35.4
37.5

17.00
18.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

343.8

n

43.8

92

8 8 - 8 -48

44.8

21.50

i50c.

(10)

8 -8 -4 8

46.9

22.50

i50c.

(10)

8 -8 -4 8

i 60c.

1275c.

ii 8 - 8 -48

1*
H

•1*

8 -8 -4 8

91*

8 -8 -4 8

45.8
37.5

18.00

41.7

20.00

45.5
52.5

21.84
25.20
22.9

41.7 1320.00

1 8 - 8 -48
3

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

40.6
46.9

19.50
22.50

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

i -48

42.7

20.50

8 -8 -4 8

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 W ork on Sundays, N ew Y ea r's D ay, and Christmas prohibited; regular day’ s pay for 4 hours on Memo­
rial and Thanksgiving days, and ior 3 hours on May 1 and Labor Day.
3 Scale became 45.8 cents on June 1,1917.
4 40 hours and $17.50 per week, December to March, inclusive.
*
Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; Labor D ay, Christmas, and New Year’ s D ay off w ith pa y; for
other holidays, regular rate.
6 Scale became 47.9 cents on June 1,1917.
7 40 hours and $18.33 per week, December to March, inclusive,
s 40 hours and $17.50 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
9 For holidays, regular rate.
1 W ork on Sundays prohibited; on holidays, work one-half day, paid for full day.
0
1 40 hours and $18.33 per week, N ovem ber to March, inclusive.
1
^
12 Rate, in cents, per hour, Tor Sundays; for holidays double tim e except from May 15 to September 15,
regular rate.
,
.
is 40 hours and $16.67 per week, N ovem ber to March, inclusive.




U N IO N SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 191*7. *
T able

A .— UNION

89

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
BREWERS—Continued.
May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full
and
time. time. holi-

north atlantic —concluded.
Providence, R . I.:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en.........................
First cellar m en, ferment­
ers, and kettle m en .........
First cellar m en, ferment­
ers, and kettle m en (4 or
more m e n ).........................
Rochester, N. Y .:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en .........................
First cellar men, ferment­
ers, and kettle m en .........
Scranton, Pa.:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en.........................
First cellar men, ferment­
ers, and kettle m e n .........
Springfield, Mass.:
Brewhouse m en, cellar
men, and fermenters-----First Ibrewhouse men and
fermenters........................
First cellar m en....................
Backers.............................
First racker......................
Worcester, Mass.:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en.........................
First cellar m e n ...................
First fermenters and rackers.........................
First kettle m e n ...

Cents. Dolls.
43.8

21.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
B ate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
Per week
Full week. half
Full week.
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.

8 -8 -4 8

40.6

19.50

8 -8 -4 8

i 60c. i 75c.

47.9

i60c. i75c.

8 -8 -4 8

44.8

21.50

8 -8 -4 8

49.0

23.50

8 -8 -4 8

52.1

25.00

i 60c. i 75c.

8 -8 -4 8

41.7

220.00

i50c. 3 50c.

2 8 - 8 -48

46.9 < 22.50 i 50c. 3 50c.

< 8 - 8 -4 8

41.7

520.00

H

«2

45.8

822.00

1\

2

41.7

20.00

i 50c.

8 -8

45.8
50.0
37.5
39.6

22.00

i 50c.
i50c.
i50c.
i 50c.

8 -8 -4 8
8 - 8 -48
8 -8 -4 8
8 - 8 -48

43.8
50.0

21.00

i 50c.
i50c.

8-8-48
8-8-48

45.8
54.2

22.00

i50c.
i 50c.

8 -48
■ 8 -48

24.00
18.00
19.00

24.00

26.00

-48

39.6

7 19.00

7 8 - 8 -48

- g -48

43.8

9 21.00

" 9 8 - 8 -48

& 8
8g

8

-48

SOUTH ATLANTIC,
Baltimore, Md.: Cellar men,
fermenters, and kettle men. 39.6 19.00 i 50c. io 2
8 -8 -4 8
Jacksonville, F la ..........
H37.0 20.00
2
n 9 - 9 -54
Washington, D. C.:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en......................... 39.6 19.00
8 -8 -4 8
First cellar men, ferment­
8 -48
ers, and kettle m e n ......... 45.8 22.00
8 -48
Backers.................................. 41.7 20.00
1 Bate, in cents, per hour.
2 40 hours and $16.67 per week, December to March, inclusive.
8 Bate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays off with pay.
4 40 hours and $18.75 per week, December to March, inclusive.
6 40 hours and $16.67 per week, N ovem ber to March, inclusive.
6 For Sundays; work one-half day on Memorial Day and .luly 4, paid for full day; other holidays off
with pay.
7 40 hours and $15.83 per w'eek, N ovem ber to March, inclusive.
8 40 hours and $18.33 per week, N ovem ber to Marcn, inclusive.
9 40 hours and $17.50 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
10 Christmas and New Year’ s D ay off, w ith p ay; work one-half day on Labor D ay, election day, and
Thanksgiving Day, paid for full day.
1 Scale became 43.8 cents and 48 hours on June 2 2 ,1917.
1




90

BU LLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
BREWERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

R ate of
wages—

A
For Hours—
F ull day; SatSun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Per week For days
week
Full week. half
hour. full over­ and
hour. full
holi­
time. time. holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

north central .

Chicago, Tl].: Cellar m en, fermenters, and kettle m e n ...
Cincinnati, Ohio: Cellar men,
fermenters, and kettle men.
Cleveland, Chio:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en..........................
First cellar men, ferment­
ers, and kettle m en ..........
Columbus, Ohio: Cellar men,
fermenters, and kettle m en.
Detroit, M ich.: Cellar men,
fermenters, and kettle m en.
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Cellar m en.............................
Kettle m en............................
First cel|^r men and kettle
m en .....................................
Indianapolis,
Ind.: Cellar
men, fermenters, and kettle
men.........................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Cellar men, fermenters, and
kettle m en.........................
First cellar men, ferment­
ers, and kettle m en ..........
Milwaukee, W is.: Cellar men,
ffirmenters, and kettle m en..
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Cellar m en.............................
K ettle men, day w ork ........
Kettle men, night work___
Omaha, Nebr.:
Cellar men and kettle m en.
First cellar men and kettle
m en .....................................
Peoria, 111.:
Cellar men and kettle m en.
First cellar men and kettle
m en .....................................
R ock Island, 111.: Cellar men,
fermenters, and kettle men.
St. Louis, M o.: Cellar men,
fermenters, and kettle m en.
St. Paul, M inn.: Cellar men
and kettle m en .....................

May 15,1916.

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

Cents. Dolls.

52.1

25.00

n

15

- 8 -48 .......... 47.9

42.7

20.50

11

H

■8 -48

41.7

20.00

1*

0)

44.8

21.50

1*

C)
1

41.7

20.00

ii

11

•8 -48

47.9

23.00

i*

11

■8 -48

39.6
43.8

19.00

1!

•8 -48
■8 -48

i*

n
i*
u

21.00

43.8
42.2

20.25

H

23.00

8 - 8

18.00

-48

■8 -48
■8 -48

37.5
41.7

2 0 .0 0

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

41.7

2 0 .0 0

8 -8 -4 8

H

49.0

23.50

n

47.9

23.00

8 -8 -4 8

25.50

n

11
11

■8 -48

53.1

•8 -48

52.1

25.00

8 -8 -4 8

41.7

20.00

ii

11

•8 -48

2 42. 7
2 42. 7

■49.0

20.50
20.50
23.50

3 50c. 3 50c.
3 50c. 3 50c.
3 50c. 3 50c.

•8 -48
•8 -48
•8 -48

43.8

21.00

3 60c. 3 60c.

•8 -48

47.9

23.00

3 60c. 3 60c.

■8 -48

38.5

18.50

3 50c. 8 50c.

■8 -48

41.7

20.00

3 50c. 3 50c.

■8 -48

51.0

24.50

3 75c. 3 75c.

■8 -48

46.9

22.50

8 -8 -4 8

49.0

23.50

42.7

20.50

Dallas, T ex.:
Brewhouse men,
cellar
men, and fermenters....... 50.0
First cellar m en ................... 64.6
Houston, T ex.: Brewhouse
men and cellar m en............. 52.1

24.00
31.00

■8 -48
•8 -48

47.9
62.5

23.00
30.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

1J

11

5 50c. 6 50c.

SOUTH CENTRAL.

25.00

11

8 -8 -4 8

1 W ork on Sundays prohibited; holidays off, w ith pay.
2 Scale became 45.8 cents on June 1,1917.
3 Rate, in cents, per hour.
* Scale became 52.1 cents on June 1,1917.
.
b Rate, in cents, per hour. New Year's D ay, July 4, Thanksgiving D a y , and Christmas off w ith p a y ;
receive holiday rate in addition if work is performed.




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

91

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
BREWERS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours— '
For Hours—day; 1917,
Full
Full day;
Sat­
Sun­
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
days
Full week.
over­
Full week. half
hour. full
time. and
holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

Regular
rate multi-

south central —concluded.

Louisville, K y .: Cellar men, Cents. Dolls. plied byfermenters, and kettle men. 43.8 21.00
n
Nashville, Tenn.: i Cellar
men, fermenters, and ket­
tle m en................................... 31.5 17.00
n
ii
N e v Orleans, La.:
Cell nr
men, fermenters, and ket­
tle m an................................... 43.8 21.00 2 60c. 2 60c.

Cents. Dolls.
• 8 -48

19.00

5 -8 -4 8

20.00

-48

25.50

! - 8 -48

25.50

5 -48

38.0

20.50

9 -9 -5 4

34.3
36.1

18.50
19. 50

9 -9 -5 4
9 — 9 -54

30.6

16.50

9 -9 -5 4

• 9 -54
■ 8 -48

41.7

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont.: Cellar men,
fermenters, and kettle men.
Denver, Colo.: Brewers and
washhouse m e n 1 ..................
Los Angeles, Cal......................
Portland, Oreg........................
Salt Lake City, U ta h .............
San Francisco, Cal.: Brewers
and m alsters.........................
Seattle, W ash.: Bre . ers and
malsters 1 ................................
Spokane, W ash.: Brewers
and malsters..........................

H

■ 7 -47

li
28.00 2 75c. 2 85c.
25.50 2 75c. 2 75c.
24.00 2 70c. 2 70c.

- 8 -48
■ 8 -48
■ 8 -48

66.7

32.00

li

45.8
58.3
53.1
50.0

22.00

li

58.3

28.00

50.0

24.00

53.1

25.50

2 85c. 2 85c.

li

li

2 75c. 2 75c.

CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston,
Chauffeurs, union A ...........
Chauffeurs, union B ............
H elpers..............................
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
D ep ot..................................
R ou te..................................
Helpers, bottle beer.........
Helpers, rou te...................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Chauffeurs, brew ery............
Chauffeurs, bottle and keg
beer.....................................
Chauffeurs, bottling house.

42.6 3 23.00 2 60c. 4 60c.
38.0 20. 50 2 50c. 2 50c.
28.7 15.50 2 50c. 2 50c.
34.3 18.50 2 50c. 2 50c.
38.9 521.00 2 60c. 4 60c.
40.7 6 2 2 . 0 0 2 60c. 4 60c.
28.7 15.50 2 50c. 2 50c.
35.2 719.00 2 60c. 4 60c.

5 9 - 9 -54
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
3 9 - 9 -54
6 9 - 9 -54

9 -9 -5 4
7 9 - 9 -54

41.7

2 0 .0 0

2 50c.

(8)

8 -8 -4 8

37.5
33.3

18.00
18.00

2 50c.

2
2

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

li

1 “ Near beer.”
2 Rate, in cents, per hour.
3 48 hours and $23 per week, October to March, inclusive.

* Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays and part day on holidays; for full day on holidays, regular rate.

6 48 hours and $21 per week, N ovem ber to April, inclusive.
6 48 hours and $ 2 2 per week, N ovem ber to April, inclusive.
7 48 hours and $19 per week, N ovem ber to April, inclusive.
8 W ork on Sundays, New Y ea r’s Day, and Christmas prohibited; regular d a y ’s pay for 4 hou rs' work

on Memorial and Thanksgiving days, and for 3 hours on May 1 and Labor Day.




92

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

R ate of
wages—

For Hours—day; A
Full
Sat­
Per
Per
For Sun­
Saturdays; urday
Per week over­ days
F ull week. half Per week
hour. full time. and
hour. full
holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC—continued.
Bridgeport, Conn.—Con.
Drivers—
Bottle beer, brew eries.. .
Bottle-beer, agencies and
wholesale houses...........
R oute
agencies
and
wholesale houses.........
Route breweries...............
E xtra ..................................
Helpers, rou te...................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Chauffeurs.............................
Chauffeurs, bottle beer.......
Helpers (second m an on
auto tru ck )....................
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
R ou te..................................
E xtra ..................................
Helpers...............................
Fall River, Mass.:
Chauffeurs.............................
Helpers...................................
Manchester, N. H .:
Drivers—
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
Newark, N. J.:
Chauffeurs, union A ............
Chauffeurs, union B ............
Helpers, union A .............
Helpers, union B .............
Drivers—
Route, union A .................
Route, union B .................
Extra, union A .................
3 horses...............................
Helpers, ale wagons.........

May 15,1916.

Cents . Dolls.
33.3

Regular
rate multip lied by—

18.00

ii

2

9 -9 -5 4

37.5

18.00

1 50c.

<
*)

20.00
20.00

i50c.
i 50c.
i 50c.
i 50c.

(2
)
(*)
(*)
(*)
1

8
8
8
8

Cents. Dolls.

8 -8 -4 8

41.7
41.7
35.4
35.4

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

17.00
17.00

335.2 <19.00
5 32.4 6 17.50

150c.

5 32.4 7 17.50

i50c.

14

1
4

-8 -4 8
- « -48
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8

4 9 - 9 -54
6 9 - 9 -54
7 9 - 9 -54

5 32.4
335.2
5 32.4
'29.6

6 17.50

32.4
28.7

17.50
15.50

150c. i50c.
i 50c. i50c.

ii 9 - 9 -54
12 ^ - 9 - 5 4

33.3
34.2

20.00
20.50

i 65c. 165c.
i65c. i 65c.

1 0 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60

38.9 1321.00
38.9 1321.00
37.0 1620.00
31.5 1717.00

n 60c.
1 2
5
1 60c.
4
1 2
5

1 9 - 9 -54
3
1 9 - 9 -54
3

1321.00
1819.00
1819.00
1321.00
1717.00

1 60c.
4
152
1 60c.
4
1 1 6 0 c.

1 9
3
is 9
1 9
8
1 9
3
1 9
7

38.9
35.2
35.2
38.9
31.5

14

419.00 150c.
7 17.50 i 50c.
9 16.00 i 50c.

i»

l
(1)
0

1

69
49
79
99

- 9
_ 9
—9
- 9

-54
-54
—
54
-54

31.5
32.4

17.00
17.50

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

16 9 - 9 -54
17 9 - 9 -54
-

9
9
9
9
9

-54
-54
-54
-54
-54

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 W ork on Sundays N ew Year's D ay, and Christmas prohibited; regular day's pay for 4 hours, w ork
on Memorial and Thanksgiving days, and for 3 hours on May 1 and Labor Day.
3 Scale became 37 cents on June 1 , 1917.
4 45 hours and $16.67 per week, December to March, inclusive.
5 Scale became 34.3 cents on July 1 , 1917.
e A nd commissions; 45 hours and $14.58 per week and commissions, December to March, inclusive.
7 45 hours and $14.58 per week, December to March, inclusive.
8 Scale became 31.5 cents on June 1,1917.
9 45 hours and $14.17 per week, December to March, inclusive.
1 Do not work.
0
n 48 hours and $17.50 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
12 £ 8 hours and $15.50 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
13 45 hours and $17.50 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
14 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holidays, regular rate,
is For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
is 45 hours and $16.67 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive,
w 45 hours and $14.17 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive,
is 45 hours and $15.83 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

93

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 15,1917.

R ate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

north atlantic —continued.

New Haven, Conn.:
Chauffeurs.............................
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
K eg beer............................
E xtra ..................................
Helpers, bottle beer.........
Helpers, keg beer.............
N ew Y ork, N. Y .:
Chauffeurs, unions A , B,
and C ..................................
Chauffeurs, unions D and E
Helpers and extra driv­
ers, unions A and B . . .
Helpers and extra driv­
ers, unions D and E . . .
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
Keg beer............................
Extra, keg beer.................
E xtra..................................
Helpers, ale wagons.........
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Chauffeurs.............................
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
Keg beer.............................
E xtra ..................................
Helpers..............................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Chauffeurs.............................
Chauffeurs, wholesale trade
Helpers...............................
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
Keg beer............................
Wholesale trade...............
Shipping............................
Helpers..............................
Providence, R . I.:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle beer........................
D e p o t.................................
R ou te.................................
Helpers, bottle beer........
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
D ep ot.................................
R ou te.................................
Helpers, bottle beer........
Helpers, keg beer.............

Cents. Dolls.
43.8
35.2
43.8
41.7
27.8
39.6

May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
w agesend­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
For
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
over­ days
F ull week. half hour. full
F ull week.
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

21.00

i50c.

8 -8 -4 8

19.00

i35c.
i50c.
i50c.
i35c.
i50c.

Cents. Dolls.

3 9 - 9 -54
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
4 9 - 9 -54
8 -8 -4 8

21.00
20.00
15.00
19.00

38.3
36.7

23.00

22.00

i60c. 5 75c.
li 6 50c.

1 0 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60

35.0
33.3

21.00
20.00

10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

33.3

20.00

i60c. 5 75c.

10 -10 -60

30.0

18.00

10 - 1 0 -60

28.3

17.00

5 50c.

10 - 1 0 -60

25.0

15.00

10 - 1 0 -60

10
10
10
10
10

28.3 6 17.00
33.3 20.00
30.0 18.00
30.0 18.00
26.7 16.00

10
10
10
10
10

10 - 1 0 -60

li

31.7 6 19.00
36.7 22.00
33.3 20.00
83.3 20.00
30.0 18.00

li
160c.
160c.
i 60c.
i60c.

5 50c.
5 75c.
5 75c.
5 60c.
5 60c.

33.3

20.00

150c.

‘’l

27.8
33.3
31.7
28.3

15.00

li
i50c.
i50c.
150c.

20.00
19.00
17.00

-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60

-60
-60
-60

-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60

810 -10 -60

U
U
11

9 -9 -5 4
810 - 1 0 -60
810 - 1 0 -60
8 1 0 - 1 0 -60

li

44.6
30.0
40.4

18.00
21.84

2
2
2

10 - 1 0 -60

43.5
44.6
29.2
39.4
34.2

22.96
24.08
17.50
2 1 . 28
18.48

2
2
2
2
2

10 - 1 0 -60

38.0
39.8
26.7
35.2
30.6

20.50
21.50
16. 0 0
19.00
16.50

39.6
44.8
46.9
36.5

19.00
21.50
22.50
17.50

i60c.
i60c.
i60c.
i60c.

i75c.
175c.
i75c.
i75c.

5 -48
\-48
5 -48
5 -48

36.5
37.0
38.9
32.3

2 0 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

39.6
44.8
46.9
36.5
38.5

19.00
21.50
22.50
17.50
18.50

i60c.
i60c.
i 60c.
i60c.
i60c.

i75c.
i 75c.
175c.
175c.
i75c.

\ -48
I -48
I -48
I -48
I -48

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54

15.50

8 - 8
99 - 9
99 - 9
8 - 8

-48
-54
-54
-48

36.5 17.50
37.0 2 0 . 0 0
38.9 2 1 .0 0
32.3 15.50
31.5 1 17.00

8 - 8
99 - 9
99 - 9
8 - 8
99 - 9

-48
-54
-54
-48
-54

17.50

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
8 W ork on Sundays prohibited; on holidays^ work one-half day, paid for full day.
* 48 hours and $19 per week, October to April, inclusive.
* 48 hours and $15 per week, October to April, inclusive.
* Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holidays, double time, except from May 15 to Sept. 15, regular
rate.
6 A nd various commissions.
7 W ork on Stmdays prohibited.
®9 hours per day, 54 per week, October to April, inclusive.
9 8 hours per day, 48 hours per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.




94
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LA B O R IN EACH
T R A D E , ETC.— Continued.

BREW ERY AND BOTTLIN G -H O U SE W O RK M E N — Continued.
CHAUFFEURS A N D D R IV E R S—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
w agesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
For Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Sun­
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
over­ and
Full week. half hour. full
F ull week.
time. holi­
holi­
time.
days.
day
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

north atlantic —continued.

Rochester, N . Y .:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle beer.........................
Bottle beer (peddlers). . .
Route (peddlers).............
Freight................................
H elpers...............................
Drivers—
Bottle beer.........................
R oute (peddlers).............
D o ....................................
Freight................................
D o ....................................
Special................................
D o ....................................
3 horses...............................
Helpers...............................
Helpers, rou te...................
Scranton:
Chauffeurs (auto, truck)___
Chauffeurs, bottle beer.......
Chauffeurs, under 1 ton ___
Chauffeurs, 1 ton or o v e r ...
Drivers—
B ottle beer, suburban
rou te................................
B ottle beer, city rou te. . .
R oute, keg beer................
E x tra ..................................
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
3 or m ore horses; ..............
Helpers, bottle beer.........
Helpers, keg b eer.............
Springfield, Mass.:
Chauffeurs.............................
Drivers—
B ottle b eer........................
R ou te..................................
Shipping............................
Helpers...............................
Worcester, Mass.:
Chauffeurs.............................
Chauffeurs, wholesale trade
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
B ottle beer, wholesale
trad e................................
B rew ery.............................
On teams handling larger
than 4 barrels................
1 Rate, in cents, per hour.

Cents. Dolls.

Reg ular
rate %
nultiplied by—

Cents. Dolls.

38.0
34.3
38.9
32.4
33.3

20.50
18.50
21.00
17.50
18.00

i50c.
i 50c.
i 50c.
1 50c.
1 50c.

2 50c.
2 50c.
2 50c.

2 50c.
2 50c.

39
39
39
39
39

34.3
38.9
38.0
34.3
32.4
33.3
32.4
36.1
32.4
33.3

18.50
21.00
20.50
18. 50
17. 50
18. 00
17. 50
19. 50
17. 50
18.00

1 50c.
i 50c.
i 50c.
i 50c.
i 50c.
i 50c.
i 50c.
1 50c.
i 50c.
i 50c.

2 50c.
2 50c.
2 50c.
2 50c.
2 50c.
2 50c.
2 50c.
2 50c.
2 50c.
2 50c.

39 _ 9
a 9 -9
39 - 9
39 - 9
39 - 9
39 _ 9
39 _ 9
39 _ 9
39 - 9
39 - 9

37.0 2 0 .0 0
24.1 &13.00
30.6 16.50
33.3 18.00
34.3 18.50
24.1 5 13.00
37. 0 2 0 . 0 0
34.3 18. 50
30. 6 16. 50
33.3 18.00
38. 9 2 1 . 0 0
29. 6 16.00
29.6 16.00

U

<2

14
ii

2
2

14

42
42
42
42

lb

14
14
ii
li
li
li
li
li

42

2
2

42
42
42

- 9
- 9
-9
—9
_ 9

-54
-54
-54
— !
54
-54

\
|
.......... 1........................

-54
-54
-54 1
.........
-54 i
-54
_54
-54

1

!
1

........... 1.........................
1........................

-54

-54
-54

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

•

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 _ 9 _54
9 - 9 -54 . . .
9 - 9 - 5 4 ..........
9 _ 9 _54

35.2 19.00
2 2 . 2 s 12 . 0 0
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

9 -9 -5 4
9 - 9 -54
(6)
(6)

32.4

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 _ 9 _54
(6)
(6)
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

2 2 .2

35. 2
32.4
(6)
(6)
37. 0
27. 8
27.8

17.50
&1 2 .0 0
19. 00
17. 50
(6)
(6)
2 0 .0 0

15.00
15.00

8 -8 -4 8

45.8

2 2 .0 0

1 50c.

2

39.6
45.8
39.6
39.6

19.00
2 2 .0 0

19.00
19.00

1 50c.
1 50c.
1 50c.
1 50c.

2
2
2
2

40.7
32.8

2 2 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

1 50c.
1 50c.

2
2

7 9 - 9 -54

38.9

2 1 .0 0

1 50c.

2

7 9 —9 —
54

32.8
40.7

2 1 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

1 50c.
1 50c.

2
2

10 -14 -64
7 9 _ 9 _54

32.8

2 1 .0 0

i 50c.

2

10 -14 -64

8 -8 -4 8
8 - 8 -48

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
10 -14 -64

a Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays off, with pay, and 50 cents per hour additional, if work
is performed.
8 48 hours per week, October to March, inclusive.
4 For Sundays; on Memorial D ay and July 4, work one-half day, paid for full day; other holidays off,
with pay.
6 A nd various commissions.
e Not organized on May 15,1916.
7 8 hours per day, 48 per week, December to March, inclusive.




U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1911.
T a b le

95

A.—UNION SCALE OF W AGES AND HOURS OF LA B O R IN EACH
T R A D E , ETC.— Continued.
BREW ERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE W O R K M E N — Continued.
CHAUFFEURS A N D D R IV E R S—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
R ate of w ages-

Geographical division and
city.

May 15,1916.
R ate of
wages—

For Hours—
m h,
Sun­
Full day; SatPer
Per
For
Saturdays; urday
Per week over­ days
and
Full week. half Per week
hour. full
hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
time.
days.
day
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC-—concluded.

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

Reg'iwlar

rate nmltiWorcester, Mass.—concluded.
Cents. Dolls. plied by—
Drivers—Concluded.
2
Helpers, bottle beer........ 36.1 19.50 i 50c.
Helpers, bottle beer,
wholesale trade............. 25.0 16.00 i 50c.
2
2
Helpers, brew ery............. 38.0 20.50 i 50c.
Helpers on teams han­
dlin g larger than J
2
barrels............................. 28.1 18.00 i 50c.

Cents. Dolls.
2 9 - 9 -54

10 -14 -64
2 9 - 9 -54

10 -14 -64

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, Md.:
Chauffeurs............................. 31.7 19.00
Drivers—
Bottle b eer........................ 25.0 415.00
Route, keg b eer................ 31.7 19.00
Shipping and extra ......... 28.3 17.00
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Drivers................................... 5 33.3 18.00
W ashington, D. C.:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle beer........................ 21.7 613.00
Route, keg beer................ 23.3 814.00
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................ 21.7 613.00
Route, keg b eer................ 23.3 814.00

i 40c.

31

1 0 - 1 0 -60

i40c.
i 40c.
1 40c.

31
31
31

1 0 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

1J

2

s 9 - 9 -54

(7)
(7)

(7)
(7)

10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

(7)
(7)

(7)
(7)

1 0 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Chauffeurs—
Keg beer............................
Keg beer (peddlers)........
D o ................................
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
Bottle beer (peddlers). . .
Keg beer (peddlers),
union A ..........................
Keg beer (peddlers),
union B ..........................
Extra keg beer, union A .
3 or 4 horses, union B ___
Helpers, bottle beer,
union A ..........................

38.3 23.00
0
35.8 1 21.50
0
35.8 1 21.50

1 50c.

9 1*
•1*
1*

1 0 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

30.0 n18.00
30.0 n18.00

1
1 50c.

( 12)
(13)

34.6 20.77
32.7 1019.62

10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

10 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60

n

35.8 l021.50

i 50c.

n

10 - 1 0 -60

32.7 1019.62

10 - 1 0 -60

0
35.8 1 21.50
33.3 2 0 .0 0
35.8 21.50

11
1*
1*

9H
9U

10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

32.7 1019.62
17.31
28.9
30.8 18.46

10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

18.50

i50c.

(13)

10 - 10 -60

28.3

17.00

10 - 1 0 -60

30.8

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 8 hours per day, 48 per week, December to March, inclusive.
8
For Sundays; Christmas and New Year's Day off, w ith pay; work one-half day on Labor Day, election
days, and Thanksgiving Day, paid for full day.
4 A nd 1 cent for each em pty dox and 3 cents for each box containing 24 em p ty bottles returned.
8 Scale became 39.6 cents and 48 hours on June 22,1917.
6 A nd 2.5 cents per dozen for em p ty bottles and 1 cent each for e m p ty cases returned.
7 W ork prohibited.
8 A nd various commissions on sales.
9 For Sundays; holidays off w ith pay, tim e and one-half if work is performed.
10 A nd 4 cents per barrel for returned empties.
11 A nd various bonuses on returned em pty bottles and cases.
12 W ork on Sundays prohibited; holidays off, w ith pay.
13 For Sundays, $3 per day; holidays off, w ith pay.




96
T a b le

BU LLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For
Sun­
Per
Per week For days
hour. full over­ and
time. time. holi­
days.

May 15,1916.
R ate o f
wages—

Hours—
191*,
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays; urday Per week
F ull week. half
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

north central —continued.

Chicago, 111.—Concluded.
Drivers------Concluded.
Helpers, bottle beer,
union C ...........................
Helpers, keg beer, union
A .......................................
Helpers, keg beer, union
B .....................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Chauffeurs.............................
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
Route, keg beer................
E xtra ..................................
Shipping and malt, 2
horses..............................
Shipping and m alt, 3 or
4 horses...........................
Helpers, bottle b eer........
Helpers, keg beer.............
Cleveland, Ohio:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle beer........................
Keg beer............................
Drivers—
B ottle beer........................
• Keg beer............................
Extra, bottle beer............
Extra, keg beer................
Columbus, Ohio:
Chauffeurs___ ■
.....................
Drivers—
B ottle and keg beer.........
Shipping............................
1 -horse wagon...................
Helpers...............................
Detroit, Mich.:
Chauffeurs.............................
Drivers—
Bottle b eer........................
Keg b eer............................
Shipping............................
E xtra ..................................
Malthouse..........................
Helpers, bottle beer........
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle b eer........................
Keg b eer............................

Cents. Dolls.
22.5 13.50

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

1

0)

Cents, Dolls.
10 -10 -60

20.0

12.00

10 -10 -60

28.9

17.31

10 - 1 0 -60

17.31

10 - 1 0 -60

18.50
17.50

0 10 -1 0 -6 0
8 10 -1 0 -6 0

33.3

20.00

33.3

20.00

u

10 -10 -60

37.0

20.00

ij

19.50

20.00
17.00

8 -8 -4 8

4 9 - 9 -54
4 9 _ 9 _54

34.3

18.50

4 9 —9 —
54

37.0
34.4
32.4

20.00

4 9 - 9 -54
8 -8 -4 8
4 9 - 9 -54

20.00

17.00

8 -8 -4 8
« 9 - 9 -54

28.1 7 16.00
37.0 20.00
35.4 7 17.00
31.5 17.00

9§- 9£-57
« 9 - 9 -54
8 -8 -4 8
6 9 - 9 -57

31.7

19.00

10 - 1 0 -60

31.7
30.0
26.7
21.7

19.00
18.00
16.00
13.00

10
10
10
10

35.4
37.0

16.50
17.50

-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60

37.0

20.00

9 -9 -5 4

38.0
41.7
36.1
33.3
43.8
28.7

20.50
22.50
19.50
18.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
8 -8 -4 8
9 -9 -5 4

32.5
30.8

19.50
18.50

21.00
15.50

9 1 0 - 1 0 -60
9 1 0 - 1 0 -60

30.8

1 Sunday work prohibited; holidays off, w ith pay.
2 Rate, in cents, per hour.
3 For Sundays: holidays off w ith pay, tim e and one-half if work is perform ed.
4 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to March, inclusive.
5 For holidays; d.o not work on Sundays.
6 8 hours per day, 48 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.

7 A nd various commissions.
8 W ork prohibited.
9 9 hours per day, 54 per week, October to March, inclusive.




10 - 1 0 -60

< 9 -9 -5 4

40.6
37.0
31.5

2 50c.

U NION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOtTBS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1911.
T a b le

97

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

M ay 15,1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

R ate of
wages—

For Hours—day; i n i ,
Full
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
Saturdays;
For
Per week over­ days . Full week. urday Per week
half hour. full
and
hour. full
holi­
time. time. holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

north central —continued.

Grand Rapids, Mich.—Con.
Drivers—
Bottle b eer........................
Keg beer............................
General...............................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Drivers—
Bottle b eer........................
Keg b eer............................
Telephone..........................
Shipping, 2 horses............
Shipping, 3 or 4 horses...
Helpers..............................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Chauffeurs—
Trucks less than 2 ton s. .
Shipping or trucks, 2
tons or over...................
Helpers, rou te...................
Helpers, shipping............
Drivers—
Bottle b eer........................
2 or 3 horses, route, or
route and shipping----2 horses...............................
3 horses, rou te...................
Helpers, bottle beer........
Milwaukee, W is.:
Chauffeurs.............................
Drivers—
Bottle b eer........................
Keg beer............................
Shipping and extra..........
3 horses...............................
Helpers, bottle beer........
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Chauffeurs.............................
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
Keg beer............................
Special orders....................
3 horses...............................
Helpers...............................

M ay 15,1916.

Cents. Dolls.

Reg ular
rate rnultiplied by—

19.50
18.50
18.00

14
14

14
14
14

33.3 2 18.00
37.0 20.00
15.50
28.7
33.3 18.00
18.50
34.3
14.50
26.9

14
li
14
14
14
14

14
(3)
(3)
(3)
(®)
(8)

32.5
30.8
30.0

14

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
1 10 -10 -60

30.8
29.2
27.5

1 10 -10 -60
1 10 -10 -60
9
9
9
9
9
9

-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5
-9 -5

18.50
17.50
16.50

1 10 -10 -60
1 1 0 -10 -60
1 10 -10 -60

4
4
4
4
4
4

39.8

21.50

4 50c. 6 50c.

9 -9 -5 4

38.9

21.00

9 -9 -5 4

41.7
32.4
36.1

22.50
17.50
19.50

4 50c. 5 50c.
4 50c. 5 50c.
4 50c. 5 50c.

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

40.7
31.5
35.2

22.00
17.00
19.00

9 _ 9 -54
9 - 9 -54

22. 5 6 13.50

4 50c. 5 50c.

10 _io -60

21. 7 6 13 00

10 -10 -60

38.0
34.3
39. 8
31. 7

20.50
18.50
21.50
17.10

4 50c.
4 50c.
4 50c.
4 50c.

s 50c.
6 50c.
5 50c.
5 50c.

37.0

20.00

14

14

9 -9 -5 4

37.0 7 20.00
37.0 20.00
34.3
18.50
37.0 20.00
24.1
13.00

14
14
14
14
14

14
ii
14
14

9
9
9
9
9

9 -9 -5 4

831. 7

19.00

1033.3
1131.7
i226.7
1328.3
1226.7

20.00
19.00
16.00
17.00
16.00

4 50c. 9 50c.
50c.
50c.
50c.
50c.
50c.

9 50c.
9 50c.
9 50c.
9 50c.
9 50C.

9 -9 -5
9 -9 -5
9 -9 -5
9 -9 -5

4
4
4
4

.........

37.0
33.3
38.9
30.7

20.00
18.00
21.00
16.60

9 -9 -5
9 -9 -5
9 -9 -5
9 -9 -5

4
4
4
4

-9 -5 4
-9 -5 4
-9 -5 4
-9 -5 4
-9 -5 4

10 -10 -60
10
10
10
10
10

-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60

1 9 hours per day, 54 per week, October to Marsh, inclusive.
2 And a bonus of 4 cents on large empties and 2 cents on medium-sized empties returned.
3 For Sundays, for 4 hours or less, 50 cents per hour; for more than 4 hours, $5; for holidays, for full da y's
work, time and one-half; for single delivery, 1 day's pay.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour.
6 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holidays, work one-half day, paid for full day.
6 A nd various commissions.
* And 3 cents per case for empties returned,
s Scale became 33.3 cents on June 1, 1917.
? Rate, in cents, per hour for Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
Scale became 35.8 cents on June 1,1917.
1 Scale became 34.2 cents on June 1,1917.
1
1 Scale became 29.2 cents on June 1,1917.
2
1 Scale became 30.8 cents on June 1,1917.
3

62373°— 19— Bull. 245------ 7.




98

BULLETIN OF THE BUREA1J OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
F ull day;
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per
Saturdays;
over­ and
Full week. half
Full week.
hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

north central —concluded.

Omaha, Nebr.:
Chauffeurs.............................
Helpers...................................
Drivers—
Bottle beer or shipping
and extra drivers.........
Route, keg and b ottle. . .
Peoria, 111.:
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
R ou te..................................
Shipping............................
R ock Island, 111.: Drivers___
St. Louis, Mo.:
Chauffeurs—
B ottle beer........................
Keg beer............................
Shipping............................
Delivering beer to city
points..............................
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
Keg beer.............................
E x tra ..................................
2 horses...............................
3 horses...............................
4 horses...............................
6 horses...............................
Helpers, bottle beer.........
St. Paul, Minn.:
Chauffeurs.............................
Drivers—
Bottle or keg beer............
Shipping, 2 horses, or
extra, keg beer..............
Shipping, 3 or 4 horses...

Cents, Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

40.7
37.0

22.00
20.00

i50c. i50c.
i50c. i50c.

■ 9 -54
- 9 -54

37.0
40.7

20.00
22.00

i 50c. i 50c.
i50c. i 50c.

- 9 -54
- 9 -54

30.0
31.7
28.3
41.7

18.00
19.00
17.00
22.50

i50c.
i50c.
i50c.
i 65c.

35.0
35.0
33.3

21.00
21.00
20.00

4U
<ii
n

10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

31.7

19.00

li

10 - 1 0 -60

31.7
35.0
28.3
31.7
33.3
35.0
38.3
22.5

19.00

li

21.00

i 50c.
i50c.
i 50c.
i65c.

*u
4li
li
n
H

17.00
19.00

20.00
21.00
23.00
13.50

ii

4ii

2
2
2
3

10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

9 - 9 -54

31. 2

2 1 0 - 1 0 -60

10 - 1 0 -60

io -io - m
10
10
10
10
10
10

-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60

5 32.3

19. 38

6 50c.

1 0 - 1 0 -60

6 32.3

19. 38

i 50c. 6 50c.

1 0 - 1 0 -60

7 26.5
8 28.5
23.1

15. 92
17.08
13. 85

i50c. « 50c.
i 50c. 6 50c.
i50c. 6 50c.

1 0 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60

south ce n tra l .

Dallas, Tex.:
Chauffeurs..................
Drivers—
Bottle or keg beer.
Telephone...............
Helpers....................

40.7

22.00

li

9 -9 -5 4

40.7
37.0
29.6

1022.00
20.00

4 li

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

16.00

ii

‘4

33.3
30.0
25.0

20.00
18.00
15.00

10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 9 hours per day, 54 per week, October to March, inclusive.
3 8 hours per day, 48 per week, Sept. 15 to Apr. 15, inclusive.
4 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
5 Scale became 35.4 cents on June 1, 1917.
6 Rate, in cents, per hour. New Year's Day, July 4, L abor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas off,

for, with pay.
7 Scale became 29.6 cents on June 1,1917.
8 Scale became 31.5 cents on June 1, 1917.
9 Scale became 26.9 cents on June 1,1917.
!o A nd vanous commissions on sales.




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

99

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN. EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

SOUTH

Rate of

A

For Hours—day;
Full
Sat­
Per
Per
For Sun­
Saturdays; urday
Per week over­ days
Full week. half Per week
hour. full
and
hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

central —concluded.

Houston, Tex.:
Chauffeurs.............................
Drivers—
B ottle beer........................
Keg beer............................
S hipping............................
Helpers...............................
Louisville, K y .:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle beer........................
Keg beer............................
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
Keg beer............................
Nashville, Tenn.: D r iv e rs ...
N ew Orleans, La.:
Chauffeurs—
Route, keg beer................
Extra, shipping and
telephone........................
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
Route, keg beer................
Extra, telephone, and
shipping..........................

May 15,1916.

Cents. Dolls.
44.8

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

Cents. Dolls.
8 - 8 -48

21.50

11

H

42.0 1 23.08
42.0 23.08
40.6 19.50
27.3 15.00

u
11
H
11

21
21
21
21

34.4
43.8

16.50
21.00

11

11
H

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

27.8
38.0

15.00
20.50

34.4
43.8
29.6

16.50
21.00
16.00

H
il
H

11
11
H

8 -8 -4 8
8 —8 —
48
9 - 9 -54

27.8
38.0

15.00
20.50

42.6

23.00

2

(4)

9 -9 -5 4

40.7

22.00

9 -9 -5 4

25.4

15.25

2

(6)

10 -10 -60

24.2

14.50

10 - 1 0 -60

40.7 622.00
42.6 23.00

2

il

1*
( 4)

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

38.9
40.7

21.00
22.00

9 -54
9 -54

26.3

15.75

2

(5)

10 -10 -60

14.50

10 - 1 0 -60

64.9
55.3

31.15
26.54

il
il

38.7
34.6

20.90
18.70

9 5 0 c. 9 50c.
9 50c. 9 50c.

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

47.1
49.0
47.1

24.00
25.00
24.00

9 75c. 10 2
9 75c. 10 2
9 75c. 10 2

81- 81-51
84- U-51
8|- 8|-51

23.00
24.00
19.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

40.7
34.3

22.00
18.50

9 50c. 9 50c.
9 50c. 9 50c.

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

52.1
56.3

25.00
27.00

9 75c. 9 75c.
9 75c. 9 75c.

8 -8 -4 8
8 - 8 -48

n

9
9
8
9

-10 -55
-10 -55
-8 -4 8
-10 -55

»9

- 9 -54
9 -54

*9 - 9 -54
- 9 -54

39

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont.:
Drivers—
R ou te .................................
E xtra..................................
Denver, Colo .: 8
Drivers—
R ou te.................................
E xtra ..................................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Drivers—
Bottle beer........................
Keg beer............................
Helpers...............................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Drivers—
Bottle or keg beer............
Helpers...............................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle beer........................
Keg beer............................




H
11

7 8 —8 —
48
7 8 -8 -4 8

42.6
44.4
35.2

38.3 123.00
41.7 25.00

various com m issions on sales.
2 For Sundays and Labor Day, time and one-half.
8 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to March, inclusive.
4 40 cents per hour more than regular rate.
6 25 cents per hour more than regular rate.
6 A nd 5 cents per case for returned empties.
7 9 hours per day, 54 per week, June to September, inclusive.
8 “ Near beer.”

9 Rate, in cents, per hour.

10 For Sundays, 75 cents per hour.

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

100

BU LLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e . A ___ UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
For Hours—day; 1917,
Full
Full day;
Sat­
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
Per week
over­ and
Full week. half
F ull week.
hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

w e ste r n —concluded.

San Francisco, Cal.—Concld.
Drivers—
Route, bottle beer...........
Route, keg beer................
Shipping, 2 horses............
Shipping, 3 or 4 horses...
E xtra and watch wagon.
Helpers....... : ......................
Seattle, W ash . : 3
Drivers, bottle and keg
beer.....................................
Helpers...................................
Spokane, W ash.: D rivers3. . .

Cents. Dolls.
52.1
62.5
54.2
58.3
54.2
54.2

25.00
30.00
26.00
28.00
26.00
26.00

42.6
38.9
42.6

23.00

21.00
23.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied by-

Cents. Dolls.

i 75c.
75c.
i 75c. i 75c.
1 75c. i 75c.
1 75c. i 75c.
i 75c. i75c.
i75c. i75c.

li
li

8-

8
8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

38.3
46.7
40.0
43.3
40.0'
40.0

2 23.00

28.00
24.00
26.00
24.00
24.00

10
10
10
10
10
10

-10
-10
-10
-10
- 10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60

•9 -54
- 9 -54
- 9 -54

li

1h

i 60c. i 60c.

COOPERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

1

55.2 26.50
41.7 2 0 .0 0
&40.6 e 19. 50
46.9 22.50
45.8 2 2 .0 0
44.3 21.28
56.3
41.7
52.1
42.7
40.6
44.8
45.8
55.2
61.5

27.00
2 0 .0 0

25.00
20.50
19.50
21.50
2 2 .0 0

26. 50
29.50

2
li
i 50c.
2
i 50c. 7 50c.
i50c.
(8)
i 60c. 9 75c.
li
li

li
li
li
li
14
H
i 50c.
li
li

n

48 -

8
8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

-

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

8
68
8
8
8

2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

12 8 -

li
li
( 10)
ii 2
u2

1

Boston, Mass...........
Bridgeport, C onn...
Buffalo, N. Y ..........
N ew Haven, Conn..
N ew Y ork, N. Y . . .
Pittsburgh, P a ........
Providence, R . I.:
First coop er.........
Slack barrel.........
Tight barrel.........
Rochester, N. Y —
Scranton, P a ...........
First cooper.........
Springfield, Mass. . .
Worcester, Mass —
First cooper..........

3 50.0

24.00

4 8 - 8 -48

41.7
39.6

2 0 .0 0

19.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

38.5
42.7

18.50
20.50

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

47.9
40.6
41.7

23.00
19. 50

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
41.7 i22 0 . 00

li

li

52.1
45.0
50.0

li
li
li

2
2

O
C
i
O
C

Washington, D. C ..........
NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111......................
Cincinnati, Ohio.............
Cleveland, O hio.............

25.00
21.60
24.00

li

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

2 0 .0 0

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 A nd various commissions on sales.
.
3 “ Near beer.”
4 4 4 hours per week, June to August, inclusive, without reduction of pay.
6 Scale became 42.7 cents on June 1, 1917.
6 40 hours and $16.25 per week, Decem ber to March, inclusive.
i Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
s W ork on Sundays prohibited; on holidays, work one-half day, paid for full day.
a Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holidays, double tim e except from May 15 to Sept. 15, regular
rate.
io D o not work on Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
ii For Sundays; work one-haii day on Memorial D ay and July 4, paid for full day; other holidays off,
Wi 2 40hours and $16.67 per week, D ecem ber to February, inclusive.




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1917.
T able

101

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LA B O R IN EACH
T R A D E , ETC.— Continued.
BREW ERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE W O RK M E N — Continued.
CO OPERS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Rate of wageswages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
For Hours—day; 1917,
Full
Full day;
Sat­
Per
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Per week
over­ and
Full week. half hour.
Full week.
hour. full
full
holi­
time. time. holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May li5, 1917.

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH CENTRAL—concluded.
Columbus, O hio......................
Detroit, M ich............................
Grand Rapids, M ich...............
Indianapolis, Ind .....................
Peoria, 111.................................

Cents. Dolls.
41.7
41. 7
39.6
42.2
39.6

19.00
20.25
19.00

50.0
27.8

24. 00
15.00

2 0 .0 0
2 0 .0 0

Reg ular
rate %
nultiplied by—
n
n
lb
u
n

Cents. Dolls.
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8

37.5

18.00

8 -8 -4 8

ii
li
1 50c. i 50c.

8
8
8
8
8

n
1|
1 50c. i 50c.

8 -8 -4 8
9 -9 -5 4

47.9.

23.00

8 -8 -4 8

32.7

17.00

8 § - 8|-52

36.5
39.6

17. 50
19.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

32.3

15. 50

8 -8 -4 8

58.3
72.9

28.00
35.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

47.3
34.8

26.50
19.50

8 -8 -5 6
8 -8 -5 6

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Dallas, T ex ...............................
Nashville, Tenn .2....................

ELEVATOR M EN.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Buffalo, N. Y ........................... 339.6 19.00
Newark, N. J ...................... 33.3 18.00
Rochester, N. Y ...................... 41.7 6 2 0 . 0 0

1

8 -8 -4 8
9 _ 9 _54
5 8 - 8 -48

(7)

8 -8 -4 8

1

n

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

1 50c. 4 1
i 50c. 6 50c.

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111............................... 41.7
D a v e n p o r t , Iowa: malt
house...................................... 39.1
Kansas City, M o...................... 40.6
Milwaukee, W is.:
Brewery................................. 38.5
Malt house............................ 36. 5
Minneapolis, M inn.................. 936.5

2 0 . 00

18. 75
19.50
18.50
17.50
17.50

i 60c.
U
li

82

n

1 45c. 1 55c.
i 50c.
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 - 8 -48
8 -8 -4 8
I

ENGINEERS.
i

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass...............
Chief engineer..........
Bridgeport, Conn........
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Electrical..................
Steam, brewery.......
Steam, malt house..
Fall R iver, Mass.:
Chief engineers........
Assistant engineers.




66.7
83.3
39.3

32.00
40.00

2
2

2 2 .0 0

i 50c.

1
1
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -5 6

1045. 8
1045. 8
i«45. 8

2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

1
1
1

1
1
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

62.5
47.9

30.00
23.00

i 70c.
i 70c.

1
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 “ Near beer. ”
s Scale became 41.7 cents on Sept. 5,1917.
4 For Sundays, 60 cents per hour.
b 40 hours and $16.67 per week, Decem ber to March, inclusive,
e Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
7 W ork 7 hours, paid for 8 .
®For Sundays; for holidays, tim e and one-half.
9 Scale became 39.6 cents on June 1, 1917.
Scale became 47.9 cents on June 1,1917.

102
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LAEOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BREW ERY AND BOTTLING^HOUSE W O RK M E N — Continued.
ENGINEERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Sun­
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
For days
Full week.
Full week. half
over­ and
hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

north atlantic —concluded.

Cents. Dolls.

24.00
23.50
22.50
23.50

1 65c.

65.6
46.9
41.1
56.0
45.0

31.50
22.50
23.00
31. 36
25.20

1
1
• H
li

49.0
44.8
46.9
52.1

23.50 i60c. i 75c.
21. 50 i60c. i 75c.
22
22.50
li
22
25.00
li

78
78
8
8

46.4
41.1
38.4
34.8
44.6

26.00
23.00
21.50
19.50
25.00

6
6
6
6

93.8
58.3

45.00
28.00

42.9
37.5

24.00

9 34.3

24.00

li
li

50.0
40.2

28.00
22.50

- 8 -48
- 8 -48
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8

42.0
38.4

23.50
21.50

- 8 -56
- 8 -56
- 8 -56
- 8 -56
8 -8 -5 6

44.6
39.3
36.6
33.0

25.00
20.50
18.50

35.00

8 -8 -5 6

24. 50
21.50

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8-56

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -5 6
8 -8 -5 6

8
8
8
8

2 2 .0 0

1 1 1 1

i 50c.
i 50c.

8 -8 -5 6

????

1
030.0 21.00

2
2

2 1 .0 0

6 8 - 8 -56

li

li
li
li
li
i 50c.

37.5

8 -8 -5 6
8 -8 -4 8
* 8 -8 -4 8
6 8 - 8 -56

O 0 0 00
O0 0

21.00

1*

0 OO 00
0 OO

42.9
49.0
46.9
42.0

li
1 50c.

OO
OO
II
OO
OO




Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

OO
OO
II
OO
OO

Manchester, N. H ................. .
Newark, N. J...........................
Assistant, miller, engineers.
New Haven, Conn..................
New York, N. Y .:
Chief engineers................... .
Assistant engineers.............
Philadelphia, P a .....................
Pittsburgh, P a ........................
Assistant engineers.............
Providence, R . I.:
Chief engineers................... .
Assistant engineers.............
Rochester, N. Y ......................
Chief engineers................... .
Scranton, P a.:
Chief engineers................... .
First engineers.....................
Second engineers............... .
Third engineers.................. .
Springfield, Mass....................
Worcester, Mass.:
Chief engineers...................
Assistant
SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, M d.:
Chief engineers.....................
Assistant engineers.............
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Chief engineers.....................
Assistant engineers.............
Washington; D. C.:
Chief engineers, bottling
houses.................................
Assistant engineers, bot­
tling houses.......................
Assistant engineers, brew­
eries A and B ....................
Assistant engineers, brew­
eries C and D ....................
Assistant engineers, brew­
ery F ...................................
NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111........................ .
Cincinnati, Ohio......................
Cleveland, O h io.......................
Columbus, O h io......................

Cents. Dolls.

8 -8 -4 8

5 -56
5 -56

9 10 ■ -70
-10

10 io .-10 -70

72.9

35.00

• 8 -48

57.3

27.50

■ 8 -48

42.9

24.00

• 8 -56

43.8

24.50

■ 8 -56

41.2

23.08

I

■ S -56

62.5

j
j

59.4
52.1
41.1
39.3

28.50
25.00
23.00

22.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

51.0
38.4

6 8 - 8 -56

78 - 8 -56

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 For holidays; d o not work on Sundays.
3 For Sundays; for holidays regular rate.
4 A llowed 2 days off each year w ith pay.
b Allow ed 1 day off every 4 weeks, with pay.
®Allowed 1 week’ s vacation each year, witn pay.
7 Allowed 1 day off each month, with pay.
8 A llowed 1 0 days’ vacation each year, w ith p ay.
9 Scale became 44.4 cents and 63 hours on June 2 2 , 1917.
10 Scale became 36.5 cents and 63 hours on June 2 2 , 1917.

i

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T able

103

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LAB O R IN EACH
T R A D E , ETC.— Continued.
BREW ERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE W O RK M E N — Continued.
ENG IN E E RS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
Rate of wagesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Per
Sun­
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Per week over­ days
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
hour. full
and
holi­
time. time. holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

north central —continued.

Davenport, Iowa: Engineers,
malt house.............................
Detroit, Mich.:
Chief engineers, brew ery...
Chief engineers, malt house.
Engineers, brewery, 20,000
barrels or over...................
Engineers, brewery, less
than 2 0 ,0 0 0 barrels...........
Engineers, m alt house
Grand Rapids, Mich...............
Indianapolis, In d ....................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Chief engineers.....................
Assistant engineers.............
Milwaukee, W is.:
Chief engineers, m alt house.
Engineers, brewery.............
Engineers, m alt house........
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Engineers, brewery.............
Engineers, m alt house.......
Omaha, Nebr...........................
Peoria, 111..................................
Engineers, chief....................
R ock Island, 111.......................
St. Louis, M o............................
St. Paul, M inn.........................

Cents. Dolls.

Reg'
ular
rate nnultiplied by—

44.2

21.25

6 8 .8

46.4

33.00
26.00

li
li

1
1

52.1

25.00

li

1

50.0
37.5
37.1
39.3

28.00
2 2 .0 0

li
li
li
li

1
1
1
1

67.7
53.1

32.50
25.50

li
li

1
1

49.0
44.8
41.7

23.50
21.50

1

45.3
&41.2
44.6
41.1
44.6
52.1
58.3
45.3

25.38
23.08
25.00
23.00
25.00
25.00
28.00
25.38

Dallas, T e x .............................
42.9
Houston, T e x .......................... 52. 7
Louisville, K y .......................... 40.2

24.00
29.50
22.50

li
li
li

71

66.7
72.1
55.5

37.33
40.38
26.65

li
li
li

1
1

53.1
9 56.3
53.1
35. 7
50.0

25.50
27.00
25.50

2 1 .0 0

20. 75

2 0 .0 0

li
4 60c.
li
li
1
1
1

Cents. Dolls.
8 - 8 -48

41.7

2 0 .0 0

8 -8 -4 8

35.3

19.75

8 -8 -5 6

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

66.7
52.1

32.00
25.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

1
1
1

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

45.8

2 2 .0 0

8 -8 -4 8

38.5

18. 50

8 -8 -4 8

1
1
1
1
1

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

41.2

23.08

8 - 8-56

6 8 - 8 -56

li

4 75c. 4 75c.
1
li
1
li

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 - 56
8 - 8 -48

i8 8 28 28 -

-

8
8
8
8

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-56
-56
-56
- 56

-56
-56
- 56
- 56

-56
-48
-48

l
I
i
42.0

23.50

-56

41.2

23.08 1

8 - 8 -56
8 - 8 -56
6 8 - 8 -56

41.1

23.00

8 - 8-56

38.4

21.50

8 -8 -5 6

8 - 8 -56

south central .

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont.............................
Engineers, chief....................
Denver, C olo. . . ^....................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Bottling house.. ...................
Brewery.................................
Portland, Oreg.io.....................
Salt Lake City, U tah.............
Engineers, (fire and b rew ).
San Francisco, Cal.:
Chief engineers.....................
Assistant engineers.............
Seattle, Wash.io................




72.1
57.7
50.0

2 0 .0 0

28.00
34.62
27.69
24.00

81
1

li

li
li
li
li
4 75c. 4 75c.
1
4 70c.
1
4 70c.
i
1
1* !
1
l|
li U li

8 - 8 - 56
8 - 8 - 56
8 - 8 -48
8
8
8
8
8

-

8
8
8
8
8

i
1

-48
-48
-48
-56
-56

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

i
i
I

a Allowed 7 days off each year, w ith pay.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour.
b Scale became 43.3 cents on June 1,1917.
6 A llowed 2 days off each m onth, with pay.
i For Sundays; for holidays, tim e and one-half.
8 For Labor Day, tim e and one-half.
9 Scale became 62.5 cents on May 17,1917.
10 “ Near beer.”
n For Silndays; for holidays, regular rate.

1

1
!
1
1
....
......... 1............ ■
......... 1............ i.......................

1 48 hours per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
2 Allow ed 2 weeks' vacation each year, with pay.

|
i
i

104

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BREW ERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE W O R K M E N — Continued.
FIREM EN.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
Rate of wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Per
Sun­
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Per week
over­ and
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
hour. full
holi­
time. time. holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Cents. Dolls.

Boston, Mass........................... 45. 8
Bridgeport, Conn.................... 32.1
Buffalo, N. Y ........................... 3 37.5
Fall River, Mass..................... 3 38.5
Manchester, N. H ................... 37.5
Newark, N. J........................... 40.6
New Haven, Conn.................. 36.6
New York, N. Y .:
Brewery............................... . 39.6
Malt
house
(except
B rooklyn )........................ . 38.2
Malt house, B rooklyn....... 37.3
Helpers, brew ery............... 38.5
Philadelphia, P a .................... 33.9
Pittsburgh, P a ........................ 39.0
Helpers................................. 35.0
Providence, R . I .................... 40.6
40.6
Rochester, N. Y ....................
Scranton* P a .......................... . 33.9
Springfield, Mass................... 39.3
45.8
Worcester, Mass....................

22.00
18.00
18.00
18.50

Regular
rate multi­
plied by-

Cents. Dolls.

8 -8 -4 8
!
8 -8 -5 6
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
32.1
8 - 8 - 5 6 .......... 32.1
8 -8 -4 8
-56

0)
1

2 50c.

19.50
20.50
19.00

0)

19.50 2 50c.
19.00 2 50c.
18.50
C)
1
19.00
li
21.84
li
19.60
li
19.50 2 60c.
19.50 • l i
19.00
li
22.00 2 50c.
22.00 2 50c.

18.00
18.00

8 -8 -5 6
8 -8 -5 6

! 35.3
i

18.00

8 i - 8i-51

8 -56

34.8
31.3
34.8

19.50
17.50
19. 50

8 -8 -5 6
8 -8 -5 6
« 8 - 8 -56

8 -56

32.1

18.00

5 8 - 8 -56

32.1

2 50c.
2 65c.
li
2 50c.

21.00

18.00

8 -8 -5 6

40.0
34.0

22. 40
19. 04

5 8 - 8 -56
5 8 - 8 -56

37.5

1 8 .0 0

8 -8 -4 8

29.5

16. 50

9 8 - 8 -56

1 34.4
1 35. 0

16.50
19. 62

8 -8 -4 8
8 - 8-56

40.6

19. 50

8 - 8-56

.. S 35. 0

19.62

8 -8 -5 6

8 -8 -4 8

1
1
1
1
1
1
! 75c.
72
1
1
1

81-

8i-51
» i - 8i-51
8 -48
8 -56
8 -56

8 -48
8 -48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, M d........................ 31.3
Washington, D. C.: Firemen,
boiler cleaners, and water
39.6
tenders.................................

17.50

88 - 8

2 50c.

19.00

li

45.0
38.0
33.9
33.0
29.5
35.7
33.9
40.1
41.7
32.1
32.1
43.8

25.20
2 1 . 28
19.00
18.50
16.50

li
li

40.6
37.5
37.1
39.6
37.5
33.9
43.8
40.1
39.1

19. 50
1
li
18.00 2 55c.
1
20. 77
1
li
19.00 2 60c. 2 60c.
18. 00 2 6 0 c. 2 60c.
19.00
1
1
21.00 2 70c. 2 70c.
19.25
1
1
21.92
1
li

BORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Firemen, boiler washers,
oilers, and water tenders.
Firemen’ s helpers.............. .
Cincinnati, O hio....................
Cleveland, O h io......................
Helpers.................................
Columbus, O h io.................... .
Helpers.................................
Davenport, Iowa: Malt house
Detroit, M ich............................
Grand Rapids, Mi^h...............
Indianapolis, In d .................
Kansas City, M o..................
Milwaukee, W is.:
Brewery..............................
Malt house.........................
Minneapolis, M inn...............
Omaha, N ebr........................
Helpers...............................
Peoria, 111..............................
R ock island, 111.: Brewery.
St. Louis, M o........................
St. Paul, Minn.....................

20.00
19.00
19. 25

20.00
18.00
18.00

21.00

1

li
li

1
1

li
li
li
li
li

1 Overtime work prohibited.
2 Rate, in cents, per hour.

3 Scale became 39.6 cents on June 1,1917.
4 Allowed 1 day off every 4 weeks, with pay.
5 Allowed 1 week’ s vacation each year, with pay.




1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

5 8 - 8 -56
5 8 - 8 -56
8 -56
5 8 - 8 -56
5 8 - ! -56
68 - 8 -56
68 ■ 8 -55
- 8 -48
8 -8 -4 8
9 8 - 8 -56
io 8 - 8 -56
8 -8 -4 8
8 - 8 -48

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -5 6
8 -8 -4 8
8 - 8 -48
8 -8 -5 6
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -5 6 ..

1

|

|

6 A llowed 1 day off each month, with pay.

i For holidays; do not work on Sunday.

8 Allowed 10 days’ vacation each year, with pay.
9 A llowed 2 weeks’ vacation each year, w ith pay.
10 Allow ed 7 days off each year, with pay.

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOE, M A Y 15, 191*7.
T a b l e A .— UNION

105

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
FIREMEN—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
over­ and
Full week. half hour. full
F ull week.
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Dallas, T e x ............................
Houston, T e x .......................
Louisville, K y ......................

Cents. Dolls.
34.8
38.4
33.9

33.83

Cents. Dolls.

19.50
21.50
•19.00

60.4
37.9
43.8
40.6
35.3
48.1
43.8

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
- 8 -56
- 8 -56
- 8 -56

33.0

18.50

8 -56

32.1

18.00

1 -8 -5 6

4 0 .6

19.50

8 -8 -4 8

24.1

13.00

9 - 9 -54

2 2 .2

1 2 .0 0

1 69 - 9 -54

WESTERN.
Butte, M on t..........................
Denver, Colo .4 .......................
Los Angeles, Cal...................
Portland, Oreg.4 ...................
Salt Lake City, U ta h .........
San Francisco, Cal...............
Seattle, Wash .4 ....................

8 -8

14

21.20
21.00

19.50
19.75
23.08

-56
-56
-48
-48
8 - I -56
i - 8 -48
1 -8 -4 8

5 50c.

14
5 70c.

21.00

14

1!

LABELERS, BOTTLE BEER.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Buffalo, N. Y . ; ........................
New Haven, Conn..................
New York, N. Y .: Labelers,
soakers, and washers...........
Philadelphia, P a .....................
Rochester, N. Y ......................
Worcester, Mass......................

731.3 8 15.00
29.6 16.00
27.8

15.00

2 2 .2

1 2 .0 0

35.4
25.0

17.00

1 2 .0 0

14
5 35c.

14
(9)

14 u 50c.
14
14

6 50c. 13 50c.
6 50c.
2

8 8 - 8 -48
io 9 - 9 -54

9 - 9 -54

129 - 9 -54
14 8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, III...............................
Detroit, Mich...........................
Grand Rapids. M ich ...
Indianapolis, Ind. (females)..
Kansas City, Mo.: Labelers,
cartoners, and polishers___
Milwaukee, Wis. (fem ales)...
Peoria, 111. (females)...............
St. Louis, M o......................

21.9
41.7
37.5
19.8
25.0
2 0 .8

19.8
24.0

10.50
2 0 .0 0

18.00
9.50
1 2 .0 0
1 0 .0 0

9.50
11.50

14
14
14
14

14
14
14
14

8
8
8
8

- 8 -48
-8 -4 8
- 8 -48
-8 -4 8

14
14
14
14

ii 2
14
14
14

8
8
8
8

-

8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48

18.8

9.00

8 - 8 -48

34.4

16.50

8 - 8 -48

24.0

11.50

8 - 8 -48

1 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
2 Labor Day, time and one-half.
3 Allowed 2 days off each month, with pay.
4 “ Near beer.”
5 Rate, in cents, per hour.
6 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
7 Scale became 33.3 cents on July 1 , 1917.
8 40 hours and $12.50 per week, December to March, inclusive.
9 W ork on Sundays prohibited; work one-half day on holidays, paid for full day.
8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to April, inclusive.

n Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day, except from May 15
to Sept. 15, regular rate.
12 Allowed 2 days off each year with p a y.
13 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
14 40 hours per week, December to March, inclusive.
8 hours per day, 48 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive




106

BU LLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
LABORERS.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
B ate of
wages—
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
F ull day;
Full day; SatSun­
Per
Saturdays;
For days
Saturdays; \
irday Per week
over­ and
F ull week.
Full week. half hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
preMay 15,1917.

Bate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Bridgeport, Conn.: Garage- Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

m en ......................................... 39.6 19.00 i 50c.
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Laborers, storehouse........... 237.5 18.00
lh
Ice pullers.............................. 331.3 15.00
1*
Newark, N. J.:
Laborers, bottling-house... . 27.8 515.00
lh
Car loaders and unloaders... 41.7 720.00
U
New Haven, Conn.: Y ard­
men ........................................ 35.4 17.00 i50c.
New Y ork, N. Y .:
Laborers, bottling-house... . 27.8 15.00
H
Coal passers.......................... 31.3 15.00
(“ )
Yardm en, union A ............. 31.7 19.00 1 60c.
Yardm en, union B ............. 31.7 19.00 160c.
Yardm en, union C.............. 31.7 19.00 150c.
Philedelphia, Pa..................... 20.0 12.00 150c.
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
5
Repairm en.......................... . 45.5 21.84 1 i
1
Y ardm en................................ 34.2 18.48
Providence, R . I.: Mechan­
ics7 helpers........................... . 37.5 18.00 160c.
Bochester, N. Y .: Ice pullers . 39.6 1619.00 i50c.
Scranton, Pa.:
35.4 17.00
1h
B ox repair m en..................
Ice pullers............................ 39.3 22.00
ii
Worcester, Mass.:
Laborers, brewery............. . 38.0 18.25 i 50c.
Laborers, wholesale houses . 35.4 17.00 150c.

Cents, Dolls.

1

8 -8 -4 8

1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

30.8

16.00

8§-52

9 -9 -5 4
8 -8 -4 8
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
w 10 -10 -60

28.3
28.3
28.3

17.00
17.00
17.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

8 -8 -4 8
9 -9 -5 4

40.6
30.6

19.50
16.50

1 -48
i -54

175c.
1 50c.
7

8 -8 -4 8
16 8 - 8 -48

29.5

16.50

1 -8 -5 6

18 2
1

8 -8 -4 8
i» 8 - 8 -56

33.3
37.5

21.00

19 8 - 8 -56

2
2

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

31.5

17.00

20 9 - 9 -54

62
81

5 9 - 9 -54
7 8 - 8 -48

(9)

8 -8 -4 8

10 50c.
1
i2 75c.
12 75c.
13 1
1

n

2

16.00

8 -8 -4 8

1 Bate, in cents, per hour.
2 Scale became 39.6 cents on Sept. 5,1917.
8 Scale became 33.3 cents on June 1,1917.
4 For Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
6 45 hours and $12.50 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive; 2 days off each year, with pay.
6 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
i 40 hours and $16.67 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive; 2 days off each year, with pay.
8 For holidays; do not work on Sundays.
9 W ork on Sundays prohibited; work one-half day on holidays, paid for full day.
1 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holidays, double tim e, except from May 15 to Sept. 15, regu­
0
lar r5te.
u W ork prohibited.
12 Bate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; work one-half day on holidays, paid for full day, except from
M ay 15 to Sept. 15, regular rate.
is For Sundays; work one-half day on holidays, paid for full da y, except from May 15 to Sept. 15, regular
rate.
14 9 hours per day, 54 per week, October to March, inclusive.
16 On days before holidays and “ lay-off” days, time and one-half.
i« 40 hours and $15.83 per week, December to March, inclusive.
17 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
is For Sundays; work one-half day on July 4 and Memorial Day, paid for full day; other holidays off,
with pay.
1 Allowed 1 week’ s vacation each year, with pay.
9
20 8 hours per day, 48 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T

able

107

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF L A B O R IN EACH
TR A D E , ETC.— Continued.
BREW BRY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE W O R K M E N — Continued.
LABORERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
w agesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
F ull day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Sun­
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
For days
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
over­ and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, Md.:
Feed m en..............................
Ice pullers..............................
Yardm en................................
Helpers...................................
W ashington, D. C.: Condens­
er cleaners, helpers, and
coal passers............................

Cents. Dolls.

Reg'tufar
rate nlultiplied by—

31.7
31.3
25.0
31.3

19.00 i 40c.
15.00 i50c.
15.00 i 40c.
15.00 i 50c.

33.3

16.00

li

38.5
27.9
23.2
33.3

18.50
14.25
16.25
18.50

26.7
29.2
41.7

16.00
17.50

Cents. Dolls.
1 0 - 1 0 -60
3 8 - 8 -48
1 0 - 1 0 -60
8 -8 -4 8

26.8

15.00

8 -8 -5 6

1

8 -8 -4 8

26.8

15.00

8 -8 -5 6

li
li
li
li

li
li

8 -8 -4 8
8 i - 81-51
10 -10 -70
5 8 - 8 -56

33.3

16.00

8 -8 -4 8

li
li
li

li
li
li

10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

2 0 .0 0

31.3
29.5
25.0

15.00
16.50
17.50

li
li
li

ii
1
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -5 6
10 -10 -70

40.6

19.50

li

62

8 -8 -4 8

39.6

19.00

8 -8 -4 8

37.5

18.00

li

62

8 -8 -4 8

36.5

17.50

8 -8 -4 8

40.6

19.50

li

1

8 -8 -4 8

37.5

18.00

31.7
37.5
36.5
40.6

19.00
18.00
17.50
19.50

i 50c.
i 60c.
150c.
i70c.

39.4
30.2
35.0
38.1
21.9
8 24.0

18.90
14.50
16.80
18.30
10.50
14.40

li
li
li
li
li
li
li
li
li
li
1 503. 150c.

Dallas, Tex.:
Repair men........................... 41.7
Repair men's helpers.......... 37.5

2 0 .0 0

(2)

1
*2
1

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111................................
Cincinnati, Ohio......................
...........
Ice-house em ployees
Cleveland, O h io.......................
Columbus, Ohio:
Car loaders and ya rd m en ..
Ice pullers..............................
Detroit, Mich.: Loaders........
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Brewery.................................
Coal shovelers.......................
Ice-house em ployees...........
Kansas City, Mo.:
Head ice*pullers and first
yardm en............................
Ice pullers, barrel headers,
case repair men, con­
denser cleaners,
and
yardm en............................
Milwaukee, W is.:
Coal passers..........................
Ice-house men and yard­
men .....................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Car
loaders....................................
Omaha, Nebr.: Coal passers..
Peoria, 111..................................
R ock Island, 111.: Y ardm en..
St. Louis, Mo.:
Freight handlers..................
Laborers, bottling hou se...
Laborers, brew ery...............
Laborers, ice plant..............
Cartoners...............................
St. Paul, Mirm.........................

li

1
1

li
7 50c.

160c.
150c.
170c.

8 -8 -4 8

8 -8 -4 8
10 - 1 0 -60

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

•
36.5

17.50

8 - 8-48

39.6
35.4

19.00
17.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

-48
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
10 - 1 0 -60
8 - 8

SOUTH CENTRAL.

18.00

li
li

1
1

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 For Sundays, full day, tim e and one-half; for 3 hours' work, one-half day off, with pay, during the
week; holidays off, with pay.
3 7 days, 56 hours and $15 per week, June to September, inclusive.
4 For Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
5 Allowed 1 week off each year, with pay.
6 For Sundays; for holidays, tim e and one-half.
7 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
8 Scale became 27.5 cents on June 1,1917.




BU LLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

108
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
LABORERS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
w agesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
over­ and
Full week. half hour. full
F ull week.
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

sotjth central —concluded.

Houston, T e x..................: ____
Repair m en ...........................
Tank m en..............................
Louisville, K y .:
Ice pullers..............................
Running repair m en...........

Cents. Dolls.

Reg ular
rate rnulti,
plied by—

38.5
47.9
36.6

18.50
23.00
20.50

l|
14
li

li
li
i1

31.3
35.2

17.50
19.00

14

1
1

2 8 - 8 -56

li

37.5
44.8

18.00
21.50

4 50c. 4 50c.
4 75c. 4 85c.

34.4
639.6

19.25
19.00

4 70c.

Cents. Dolls.

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -5 6
8 - 8

29.5
(a
)

- 56

16.50
(8)

8 -8 -5 6
(8)

39.6

19.00

8 -8 -4 8

w e ste r n .

Denver, Colo.: Y ardm en.......
Los Angeles. Cal.:Yardm en..
Salt Lake City, Utah: Ice
pullers.....................................
Seattle, Wash.e........................

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

1
li

li

.........

8 -8 -5 6
8 -8 -4 8

M ALTSTERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Buffalo, N. Y .........................
Newark, N. J...........................
New Y ork, N. Y ., Bronx,
Queens, R ichm ond, and
Manhattan.......................
K in gs....................................
Philadelphia, Pa.: Malt m il­
lers.
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Malt dryers .
Rochester, N .Y .: Malt millers.
W o r c e s t e r , Mass.: M a l t
grinders............................ .

739.6
33.3

19.00
18.00

1
1

8 - 8 -48

32.7

17.00

82- 82-52

4 50c.

38.2
37.3

19.50
19.00

4 50c.
4 50c.

1
1

81- 8J-51
« i - 84-51

35.3

18.00

81— 81—
51

36.5

17.50

8 - 8 -48

47.9

23.00

8 - 8 -48

li

9 - 9 -54

8 8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
98 - 8 -48

39.6 19.00
40.8 19.60
41. 7 920.00

li
li
li
4 50c. 10 50c.

43.8

2 1 .0 0

4 50c.

2

8 - 8 -48

2 0 .0 0

4 60c.

(“ )

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

1*

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111............................. . 41.7
Malt-house m en.................. 52.1
Cincinnati, Ohio. :Malt-house
m e n .................................... 42.7
Cleveland, O hio...................... 37.0
Maltsters, first.................... . 39.8
Davenport, Iow a.................... 40.1
Detroit, M ich........................... 37.5
Milwaukee, W is.:
Brewery............................... . 41.7
Malt-house m e n ................. . 40.6
5
Minneapolis, Minn................ . 1 42.7

25.00

li

1

20.50

li
li
li
li
li

li

2 0 .0 0

21. 50
19.25
2 1 .0 0

12 1
12 1
1
1

2 0 .0 0

li
19.50 i 450c.
20.50 4 50c.

1 Labor Day, tim e and one-half.
2 A llow ed 2 davs off each month, with pay.
3 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour.
6 ‘ ‘ Near beer.' ’
e Scale became 43.8 cents on June 11, 1917.
7 Scale became 41. 7 cents on Sept. 5,1917.
s A llow ed 2 days off each year, with pay.
s 40hours and $16.67 per week, December to March,
inclusive.




1
1
1

8
13 8
1 8
3
8
8

- 8 -48
- 8 -54
- 8 -54 - 8 -48
- 8 -56

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

m

37.5
35.7

2 0 .0 0

18.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -56

37.5

18.00

8 - 8 -48

w Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays
off, with pay.
11 W ork 7 hours, paid for 8 .
1 For Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
2
13 On Sundays, 6 hours; and 2 days off each m onth
with pay.
14 Rate, in cents, for first hour; 55 cents per hour
thereafter.
16 Scale became 44.8 cents on June 1,1917.

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A . — UNION

109

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
MALTSTERS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
wages—
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
Full d a y;
Per
Sun­
For
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half
over­ days
Full week.
and
hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days,
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

Regular
rate multi­

north central —concluded.

Cents. Dolls. plied
St. Louis, Mo.:
D a y ........................................ 49.0 23.50
14
N ight...................................... 51.0 24.50
14
St. Paul, M inn........................ 142.7 20.50 2 50c.

Cents. Dolls.

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Houston, T e x ..........................
Louisville, K y .........................

45.8
35.7

22.00
20.00

66.7
50.0

37.33
28.00

■8 -48
3 8 ■ 8 -56

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont.............................
Salt Lake City, U ta h ........... .

5 -55

14
2 70c.

\ -56

OILERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Buffalo, N. Y ___
Newark, N. J.......
New York, N. Y .
Philadelphia, P a .
Pittsburgh, P a .. .
Providence, R . I .
Rochester, N. Y . .

^31.3
39.6
35.4
28.6
35.0
34.4
40.6

15.00
19.00
17.00
16.00
19.60
16.50
19.50

14
6 14
72
14
1
(9)
1
14
1
14
2 60c. 2 75c.
14 12 2

8
88
8
10 8
8
8
8

31.3
35.4

17.50
17.00

2 50c.
14

1
1

1 8
3

33.9
33.0
35.7
41.7
29.9
43.8

19.00
18.50

1

2 0 .0 0
2 0 .0 0

2 1 .0 0

?
14
14
14

1
1
1
1
1
1

40.6

2 2 .75

14

14 1

40.6
37.5
37.1
39.6
43.8

19. 50
18.00
20.77
19. 00

14

1
1
1

8 -48
_ 8 -48
8 -48
_ 8 -56
_ 8 -56
_ 8 -48
_ 8 -48

_

31.3
29.5

17.50
16.50

8 - 8 -56
ii 8 - 8 -55

28.6

16.00

8 - 8 -56

34.4

16.50

8 -8 -4 8

36.1

19.50

is 8 - 8 -56

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, M d.......
Washington, D . C .

8 -56
8 _ 8 -48

NORTH CENTRAL.
Cincinnati, O h io.................... .
Cleveland, O hio......................
Columbus, O hio......................
Detroit, Mich...........................
Indianapolis, In d .................. .
Kansas City, M o.....................
Oilers and wipers, engine
room ...................................
Milwaukee, W is.:
Oilers, brew ery...................
Malt house.......................... .
Minneapolis, Minn................ .
Omaha, N ebr.........................
R ock Island, 111......................

16.75

2 1 .0 0

2 55c.

1 Scale became 46.9 cents on June 1, 1917.
2 Rate, in cents, per hour.
3 Allowed 1 day off every 2 weeks, with pay.

< On Sundays, 7 hours.
5 Scale became 33.3 cents on June 1, 1917.
« For Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
7 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
8 Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.




14

2 60c. 2 60c.
2 70c. 2 70c.

8
8
10 8 _ 8
_
8
8 _ 8
8 _ 8
8 _ 8

n 8

8

-56
-56
-56
-48
-56
-48

8 -56

8
8 -48
8 _ 8 -48
8 _ 8 -56
8 _ 8 -48
8 _ 8 -48
9 W ork prohibited.

Allow ed 1 week off each year, with pay.
u Allow ed 1 day off each m onth, with pay.
!2 For holidays; do not work on Sundays.
13 Allow ed 10 days' vacation each year, with pay.
14 For Sundays; for holidays, tim e and one-half,
is Allow ed 2 days off each m onth, with pay.

110

BU LLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

B REW ERY AN D B O TTLIN G -H O U SE W O R K M E N — Continued.
OILERS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Sun­
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per
Saturdays;
over­ days
F ull week.
Full week. half hour. full
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

Korth

central —concluded,

St. Louis, Mo...........................
Oilers and cleaners, auto
trucks............................... .
Oilers, cleaners, and re­
pairers............................... .
Oilers, power-house men,
and h a n d y m en .................
SOUTH CENTRAL.
Houston, T e x .........................
Louisville, K y ........................
WESTERN.
San Francisco, Cal.................

Cents. Dolls.
37.5

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

18.00

li

Cents. Dolls.

111

8 -8 -4 8

40.6

19.50

li

n1

8 -8 -4 8

43.8

21.00

li

ii 1

8 -8 -4 8

40.6

19.50

li

ii 1

8 -8 -4 8

40.2
32.1

22.50
18.00

11
1

8 -8 -5 6
2 8 - 8 -56

30.4

17.00

8 -8 -5 6

33.3

16.00

I -48

li
PACKERS, BOTTLE BEER.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass............................
Buffalo, N. Y ...........................
Manchester, N. H .: Packers
and shippers......................
Newark, N. J.: Packers and
barrel headers...................
New York, N. Y .....................
Philadelphia, P a .....................
Assistant................................
Rochester, N . Y ......................
Springfield, Mass.....................
SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, M d..........................
NORTH CENTRAL.
Grand Rapids, M ich...............
SOUTH CENTRAL.
Dallas, T e x ...............................
Houston, T e x ...........................

35.4

17.00

4 31.3 5 15.00

39.6

19.00

31.5 7 17.00
31.5 17.00
24.1 13.00

3 50c. 3 50c.

li

6 li

3 65c. 3 65c.

li
li
li

82

9 50c.

li
li
35.4 H17.00 3 50c. 6 50c.
35.4 17.00 3 50c.
2

n

8 - 8 -48
5 8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
7 9 - 9 -54

9
io 9
io 9
ii 8

_
_
8 -

9 -54
9 -54
9 -54
8 -48
8 -48

2 2 .2

1 2 .0 0

29.2

14.00

37.5

18.00

li

li

8 - 8 -48

34.4

16.50

5 - 8 -48

41.7
43.8

2 0 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

li
li

li
li

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

37.5

18.00

5 -8 -4 8

3 35c. 1 35c.
2

8 - 8 -48

1 For Labor Day, tim e and one-half.
2 A llow ed 2 days off each m onth, with pay.
3 Rate, in cents, per hour.
4 Scale became 33.3 cents on July 1 , 1917.
6 40 hours and $12.50 per week, December to March, inclusive.
6 For Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
7 45 hours and $14.17 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
8 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
9 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays, double tim e, except from May 15 to Sept. 15, inclusive,

regular rate.
1 Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
0
n 40 hours and $14.16 per week, December to March, inclusive.
12 Rate, in cents, per hour, except Christmas and New Year's Day off, with pay; Labor Day, Thanks­
giving Day and election days, work one-half day, paid for full day.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15* 1917.
T able

ill

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BREW ERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE W O RK M E N — Continued.
STABLEM EN.

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
R ate of
year
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Per
Sun­
For
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
over­ days
F ull week. half hour. full
Full week.
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

329.6
428.3
37.0
32.8
34.8
31.7

20.6

19.50

i60c. i60c.
* 60c. i60c.

2 9 - 9 -54
2 9 - 9 -54

20.00

16.00
17.00

i 50c.
1
i 50c.
1
i 65c. i 65c.

1 0 - 1 0 -60

19.00
19.50
19.00

i50c.
1
i 60c. i 75c.

13.00
16.00
19.60
18.00

14

i

1

li
50c.
1

1
1
1

i
i
i
i

60c. i 75c.
60c. i 75c.
50c.
50c.
50c. 10 50c.

20.00
21.00
17.50
20.50
21.50

i
i
i
i
i

50c.
50c.
50c.
50c.
50c.

26.7
31.7
25.0
28.3

16.00
19.00
15.00
17.00

i 40c. is 14
i 40c. 13 1
4
4
i 50c. 1 1
(15)
O6
)

28.6
27.8
22.9
24.3
33.3

20.00

21.00
18.50
20.50

20.00
18.50

II

1
1
1
1
1
2
2

31.5
34.3

17.00
18.50

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

31.5

17.00

9 -9 -5 4

28.3

17.00

1 0 - 1 0 -60

27.8
28.6
33.3

2 1 .0 0

27. i
25.0

i9.00
17.50

24.7

17.31

1 1 0 - 1 0 -70
7

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
5 9 - 9 -58
8 -8 -5 6
10 - 1 0 -60
6 9 - 9 -63

7 10-10 -63
a 9 - 9 -63
8 -8 -4 8
8 - 8 -48

ii 9 _ 9 _54
1 9 _ 9 -54
1
12 9 - 9 -63

12 9 _ 9 _63

17.50
18.00

ssgg

25.4
31.1
37.5
43.8
34.3
38.0
31.7
29.4
35.7
37.5
27.8
38.0
39.8

Cents. Dolls.

21.00

0 0

36.1

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

1 1 1

Boston, M ass..........
First stablem en. .
Buffalo, N . Y .:
D a y ........................
N igh t.....................
Manchester, N . H . .
Newark, N . J ..........
New Haven, Conn.
New Y ork, N . Y . . .
Philadelphia, Pa.:
B ottling house. . .
B rew ery................
Pittsburgh, P a ------Providence, R . I . . .
First stablem en. .
Rochester, N. Y —
First stablem en. .
Scranton, P a .......... .
Helpers................ .
Springfield, Mass.. ,
First stablem en. .
Worcester, Mass —
Brewery............ ..
First stablem en..

Cents, Dolls.

0 0
1 1
0 0

NORTH ATLANTIC.

8 -8 -5 6

8
9
9
9

-8 -5 6
-9 -6 3
-9 -5 4
-9 -5 4

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, M d ----Stable bosses-----Washington, D . C .
Stable bosses___

10
10
10
10

-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111...........
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cleveland, O h io..
Columbus, O h io..
Detroit, M ich -----

17.50
16.00
17.00
18.00

17 io -10 -70
is 9 _ 9 -58)
19 io -10 -70

10 -10 -70
9 -9 -5 4

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 48 hours per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
3 Scale became 31.5 cents on June 1,1917.
4 Scale became 30 cents on June 1,1917.
6 W ork 4 hours on Sundays.
6 Allow ed 2 days off each year, with pay.

7 9 hours per day, 57 per week, October to March, inclusive; allowed 2 days off each year, with pay;
work 3 hours on Sundays.
8 Allow ed 1 day off each week, with pay.
9 Allowed 1 day off each m onth, with pay.
10 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays off with pay, and 50 cents per hour additional if work
is performed.
1 48 hours per week, October to March, inclusive.
1
12 Allow ed 1 week’ s vacation each year, with pay.
13 For full day Sundays; for 3 hours’ work, allowed one-half day off during the week.
14 For Sundays; for holidays, double tim e.
i< W ork prohibited.
*
16 D o not work.
1 Allowed 1 day off every 2 weeks, with pay.
7
is For Sundays, 44 hours; work 584 hours, paid for 63.
19 A llowed 2 days off each m onth, with pay.




112

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
STABLEMEN—Concluded.
May 15,1917.
R ate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

n orth central —concluded.

For
Sun­
Per
For
Per week over­ days
and
hour. full
time. time. holi­
days.

Cents} Dolls.

Grand Rapids, M ich.............. 26.4
Indianapolis, In d .................... 28.7
Kansas City, Mo.:
D a y ........................................ 29.4
First stablem en................... 32.5
Milwaukee, W is ...................... 28.6
Minneapolis, M in n ................. 7 28.3
Omaha, N eb r........................... 37.0
Peoria, 111................................. 26.7
R ock Island, 111....................... 40.6
St. Louis. Mo.:
D a y ........................................ 28.3
N igh t..................................... 30.0
St. Paul, M in n ........................ 1219.8

18.50
15.50
18.50
20.50
18.00
17.00
20.00
16.00
19.50
17.00
18.00
13.85

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
F ull day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
F ull week.
F ull week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

1
4

1
1

2 50c. 3 50c.
2 50c.
1
1 ®1
4
2 50c. 8 50c.
2 50c. 2 50c.
2 50c. 2 50c.
2 65c. 2 65c.

Cents. Dolls.
1 10 -10 -70
9 -9 -5 4

25.0

17.50

1 10 -10 -70

< 9 -9 -6 3
4 9 - 9 -63
6 9 - 9 -63
10 -10 -60
9 -9 -5 4
9 10 -10 -60
io 9 - 9 -54

28.6
31.7

18.00
20.00

4 9 - 9 -63
4 9 _ 9 _63

32.4

17.50

ii 10 -10 -60

1
4
1
4

1
1
1

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -70

1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4

13 1
1 1
5

M 9 - 9 -63
8 -8 -5 6
8 -8 -4 8

24.3

17.00

10 -10 -70

27.8

15.00

16 9 . - 9 _54

8 -8 -4 8
10 -10 -60

29.6
24.2

16.00
14.50

16 9 _ 9 _54

33.3

21.00

19 9 - 9 -63

40.0

24.00

10 -10 -60

2 50c.

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Dallas, T e x ..............................
Houston, T e x ..........................
Louisville, K y ......................... .
Stablemen, w ho also do
hauling...............................
N ew Orleans, L a .....................

30.2
35.7
34.4

19.00
20.00
16.50

36.5
26.3

17.50
15.75

2

51.5
34.6
50.0
42.6
33.9
54.2

28.85
18.70
24.00
23.00
20.00
26.00

2 50c.
2 75c.
2 60c.
2 50c.
2 75c.

1
4
1
4
(” )

10 -10 -60

WESTERN.




1
4

1
2 50c.
is 75c.
i8 60c.
1
2 75c.

8 -8 -5 6
9 -9 -5 4

00
i
00
I
r*
f.
00

B utte, M ont............................
Denver, C olo.............................
Los Angeles, C al....................
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City, U ta h .............
San Francisco, Cal................ .

9 -9 -5 4
20 9 - 9 -59

8 -8 -4 8

1 A llow ed 2 weeks off each year, with pay.
2 Rate, in cents, per hour.
3 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
* A llow ed one-half day off each week, with pay.
6 E very other holiday off, with pay.
6 A llow ed 1 day off every 2 weeks, w ith pay.
* Scale became 30.8 cents on June 1,1917.
8 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays off, with p ay.
9 9 hours per day, 54 per week, October to March, inclusive.
10 8 hours per day, 48 per week, Sept. 15 to A pr. 15, inclusive,
u 9 hours per day, 54 per week, Oct. 1 to A pr. 1, inclusive.
12 Scale became 23.1 cents on June 1,1917.
13 For Sundays; for holidays, tim e and one-half.
A llow ed 1 day off each m onth, with pay.
i» Tim e and one-half for Labor D ay.
i« 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to March, inclusive,
w 25 cents per hour more than regular rate.
is Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holidays, double tim e,
w A llow ed every other Sunday off, with pay.
20 Sundays, 5 hours.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1917.
T able

113

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BREW ERY AND BO TTLING -H O USE W O RK M E N — Continued.
WASHERS.

May 15,1917.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
hour.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Per
For Sun­
week over­ days
full
and
time. holi­
time.
days.

Cents. Dolls.

Philadelphia, P a ..................... 22.2
Providence, R . I ..................... 35.4
Scranton, Pa.: Soakers and
rinsers..................................... 31.3

12.00

17.00

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Saturdays.
Full week. half hour. full
Full week;
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied byli
li
2 60c. 2 75c.

Cents. Dolls.
i 9 - 9 -54
8 - 8 -48

15.00

li

32

1 -8 -4 8

29.2

33.3

20.00

li

0)

10 -10 -60

37.5
33.3

18.00
16.00

li
li

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

34.9

16.75

li

li

43.8

21.00

li

1

39.6
21.9

19.00
10.50

37.5
36.5

18.00
17.50

1

1

li

li

1 -8 -4 8
1 -8 -4 8

20.00

li

li

8 -8 -4 8

14.00

8 -8 -4 8

36.1

17.31

8 -8 -4 8

34.4
30.2

16.50
14.50

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

37.5
41.7

18.00

20.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

33.3
37.5

16.00
18.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.: Washers,wagon.
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Washers, b ottle ...................
Washers, boiler....................
Indianapolis, In d .: Washers,
b oiler......................................
Kansas C ity, M o.: Washers,
b oiler......................................
Omaha, N ebr.: Washers,
b oiler......................................
Peoria, 111.: Washers, bottle.
St. Louis, Mo.:
Washers, boiler....................
Washers, b ottle....................

2 60c. 2 60c.
li
li

5 -8 -4 8
1 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Dallas, T e x ...............................

W ASHHOUSE M E N .
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.:
Washhouse m en...................
Washhouse men, first.........
Bridgeport, Conn....................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Washhouse m en...................
Washhouse men, first.........
Fall R iver, Mass.:
Washhouse m en...................
Washhouse men, first.........
Manchester, N. H .:
Washhouse m en..................
Washhouse men, first.........

42.;
46.1
39. (

20.50
22.50
19.00

2 60c. 2 60c.
2 60c. 2 60c.

2 50c.

(5
)

6 40. ( 719.50 2 50c. 8 50c.
9 45.{ W
22.00 2 50c. 8 50c.

34. <
■
40. (

16.50
19.50

2 50c. 2 50c.

39. (
43.*

21.00

19.00

2 65c. 2 65c.
2 65c. 2 65c.

2 50c. 2 50c.

■8 -48
■8 -48
7 8 - 8 -48
io 8 - 8 -48
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

1 A llow ed 2 days off each year, with pay.
2 Rate, in cents, per hour.
3 For Sundays; work one-half day on Memorial D ay and July 4, paid for full day; other holidays off,
with pay.
* W ork prohibited.
» W ork on Sundays, N ew Y ear's Day, and Christmas prohibited; work 4 hours on Memorial D ay and
Thanksgiving D ay and 3 hours on May 1 and on Labor D ay, paid for fu ll time,
o Scale became 42.7 cents on June 1, 1917.
7 40 hours and $16.25 per week, December to March, inclusive.
s Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; allowed Labor Day, Christmas, and New Year's D ay off, with
pay.
9 Scale became 47.9 cents on June 1,1917.
Jo 40 hours and $18.33 per week, December to March, inclusive.

62373°—19—Bull. 245------8




114
T a b le

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BR EW ERY AN D B O TTLIN G -H O U SE W O R K M E N — Continued.
WASHHOUSE MEN—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

Chicago, 111.: Washhouse
m en ........................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.................... .
Cleveland, Ohio:
Washhouse m en..................
Washhouse men, first....... .
Columbus, O hio.................... .

R ate of
wages—

For Hours—
A
Sun­
Full day; Sat­
Per
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week over­ and
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full time. holi­
holi­
time.
time.
days.
day
pre­
vailed

vfuRTH atlantic —concluded
Newark, N. J.: Washhouse
m en ........................................
New Haven, Conn.:
Washhouse m en..................
Washhouse men, first.........
New York, N. Y .:
Washhouse m en..................
Washhouse men, first.........
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Washhouse m en..................
Washhouse men, first.........
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Washhouse m en..................
Washhouse men, first.........
Providence, R . I.:
Washhouse m en..................
Washhouse men, first.........
Washhouse men, first, 4 or
more men, Union A ........
Rochester, N. Y .:
Washhouse m en..................
Washhouse men, first------Scranton, Pa.:
Washhouse m en..................
Washhouse men, first.........
Springfield, Mass.:
Washhouse m en..................
Washhouse men, first.........
Worcester, Mass.:
Washhouse m en..................
Washhouse nien, first.........
SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, M d .........................
Washington, D. C.:
Washhouse m en ..................
Washhouse men, first.........
NORTH CENTRAL.

May 15,1916.

Cents. Dolls.
41.7 120.00

Regular
rate multiplied by—

Hours—
Full d ay;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

14

22

i 8 - 8 -48

(4)
(*)

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

42.7
44.8

20.50
21.50

3 50c.
3 50c.

41.7
45.8

20.00
22.00

3 60c. s 75c.
3 60c. 5 75c.

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

35.4
41.7

17.00
20.00

7 8 - 8 -48
7 8 - 8 -48

44.3
47.8

21.28
22.96

1 6H
4
1 61
4
4
1
4 1
4
1
4 1
4

41.7
45.8

20.00
22.00

3 60c. 3 75c.
3 60c. 3 75c.

37.5
41.7

18.00
20.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

39.6
42.7

19.00
20.50

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

38.5
42.7

18.50
20.50

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

44.8

21.50

8 -8 -4 8

36.5
39.6

17.50
19.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

47.9

23.00

8 -8 -4 8

47.9

23.00

3 60c. 3 75c

8 -8 -4 8

39.6
46.9

19.00
22.50

3 50c. 8 50c.
3 50c. 8 50c.

9 8 - 8 -48
9 8 - 8 -48

38.5
41.7

18.50
20.00

1
4
14

io 2
io 2

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

41.7
45.8

20.00
22.00

3 50c.
3 50c.

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

43.8
45.8

21.00
22.00

3 50c.
3 50c.

2
2
2
2

39.6

19.00

3 50c.

37.5
41.7

18.00
20.00

1
4
1
4

52.1
40.6

25.00
19.50

41.7
44.8
40.6

20.00
21.50
19.50

14
14
n
14
1
4

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

H
2
1
4
1
4

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

1
4
1
4

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

(12)
(12)

1
4

8 -8 -4 8

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 - 8--48

|

1 40 hours and $16.67 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
2 For Sundays and Labor D ay; for other holidays regular rate,
s Rate, in cents, per hour.
4 W ork on Sundays prohibited; work one-half day on holidays, paid for full day.
5 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; work one-half day on holidays, paid for full day, except from
May 15 to Sept. 15.
e For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
7 Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
s Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
9 40 hours per week, December to March, inclusive.
1 For Sundays; work one-half day on Memorial Day and July 4, paid for full day; other holidays off, with
0
pay.
1 For Sundays; Christmas and New Year's D ay off, with pay; work one-half day on Labor Day, Thanks­
1
giving Day, and election da vs. paid for full day.
la W ork on Sundays prohibited; holidays off, w ith pay.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15,
T a b l e A .— UNION

1911. 115

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN— Continued.
WASHHOUSE MEN—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate cf
wages—
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
Per
Full day;
Sun­
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
over­ and
F ull week.
time. holi­
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

north central —concluded.

Detroit, Mich.: Washhouse
m e n .. ....................................
Grand Rapids. Mich.: Wash­
house men.............................
Indianapolis, In d ....................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Washhouse m en...................
Washhouse men, first.........
Milwaukee, W is.: W ash­
house m en.............................
Minneapolis, M inn..................
Omaha, N ebr...........................
Peoria, 111.................................
St. Louis, Mo...........................
St. Paul, M inn........................
SOUTH CENTRAL.
Dallas, T e x ...............................
Washhouse men, first........
Houston, T e x ..........................
Louisville, K y .........................
New Orleans, .La.....................

Cents, Dolls.

Regular
rate multi-

Cents. Dolls.

47.9

23.00

li

37.5
40.1

18.00
19.25

H
n

5 -48
! -48

49.0
53.1

23.50
25.50

n
ii

-48

38.5

18.50
20.50

142. 7
41.7
36.5
46.9
42.7

47.9
52.1
50.0
41.7
39.6

20.00

17.50
22.50
20.50
23.00
25.00
24.00

20.00
19.00

11

8 -8 -4 8
17.00

5 -8 -4 8

47.9
52.1

23.00
25.00

5 -8 -4 8

45.8
50.0

22.00
24.00

■8 -48
•8 -48

37.5

37.5

18.00
18.00

• 8-4 8

38.5

18.50

8 -8 -4 8

33.9
31.7

19.00
20.00

H

2 50c. 2 50c.

2 60c. 2 60c.
2 50c. 2 50c.
li
H
2 50c. 3 50c.

li
li
li
li
li
li
li
li
2 60c. 2 60c.

W ATCH M EN .

20.2

22.6

30.2
34.9

21.00
17.00
16.50
19.50
21.28

20.00
19.00
19.00

22.00

2 60c. 2 60c.

2 50c.
1
1
2 50c.
2 50c.
i
l
li
2 60c. 2 75c.
2 50c.
1

i*

1
1

8 -8 -4 8
12 -12 -84
12 -12 -84
4 12 -12 -84
8 -8 -5 6
8 -8 -4 8
12 -12 -84
4 9 - 9 -63
9 -9 -6 3

21.4

15.00 2 40c.
17.50
19.00
19.25

7 12 -12 -84
7 10 -10 -70
7 11 -11 -77

28.6
34.9

* 9 - 9 -63

25.7

18.00

8 10 -10—70

9 -9 -6 3

6 10 -10 -70

27.1
25.0

??

19.6
23.2
38.0
41.7

OO
O S
1 1
OO
O S

Cincinnati, Ohio...........
Grand Rapids, M ich ...
Indianapolis, In d .........
SOUTH CENTRAL.
Houston, T e x ...............

43.8

88

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.................
Bridgeport, Conn.........
Fall River, Mass...........
New Haven, Conn.......
Pittsburgh, P a .............
Providence, R . I ..........
Rochester, N . Y ...........
Scranton, P a .................
Worcester, Mass...........
SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, M d ..............
NORTH CENTRAL.

23.00

8 -8 -5 6

1 Scale became 45.8 cents on June 1,1917.
2 Rate, in cents, per hour.
a Rate, in cents, per hour; New Year’ s Day, July 4, Labor D ay, and Christmas off, with pay; if work is
performed on these days 50 cents additional per hour is paid.
4 Allowed 1 week off each year, with pay.
5 Allowed 1 day off each m onth, with pay.
6 Allowed 10 days’ vacation each year, w ith pay.
7 Allowed 2 days off each m onth, with pay.
s Allowed 2 weeks off each year, w ith pay.
9 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.




116

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BREW ERY AND BO TTLING-HOUSE W O RK M E N — Concluded.
M IS C E L L A N E O U S O C C U P A T IO N S .

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

A
For Hours—
Full day; SatPer
Per
For Sun­
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week over­ days
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full
and
holi­
tim e.
time. time. holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC.
B oston, Mass.:
Cents.
Floor men, bottle beer....... 31.3
Floor men, b rew ery........... 42.7
Buffalo, N . Y .: Pitch-yard
m en ........................................ 240.6
Fall R iver, Mass.: Grain dry­
ers........................................... 26.0
Newark, N . J.: Shippingroom m en.............................. 43.8
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Pipefitters. 45.5
Pipe fitters’ helpers............. 40.8
Rochester, N . Y .:
Grain dryers......................... 41.7
Pitch-yard m en.................. . 39.6
W ater tenders, boiler......... 42.7
Scranton, Pa.: A sh m en....... 35.4
Grain dryers......................... 35.4
Grain dryers, first............... 39.6
SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, Md.:
Floor men, bottle b e e r..
27.1
Grain dryers.................. .
26.8
NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.: Pitch-yard men 52.1
Columbus, Ohio: Am m onia
and dynam o tenders........... 35.7
Kansas City, Mo.:
Beer inspectors...............
28.1
Pitch-yard m en..............
49.0
Milwaukee, W is.:
Grain dryers....................
37.5
Pitch-yard m en ..............
38.5
Peoria, 111.: Ash wheelers___ 30.0
SOUTH CENTRAL.
Dallas, T ex.: Grain dry ers... 47.9
H ouston, T ex.:
Coil and faucet m en ___
46.9
Condenser m en ...............
41.1
Pipe fitters.......................
59.4
Platform m en .................
37.5
Stampers..........................
52.1
Ne’WOrleans, L a .: Floor m en. 25.0
WESTERN.
Salt Lake City, Utah: Pum p
m en ....................................... 45.8
Seattle, W ash.: Pum p m en14. 50.0

Dolls.

Regular
rale multi­
plied by—

15.00
20.50

i50c. i50c.
i60c. 160c.

} 19.50

i50c. 4 50c.

3 8 -8 -48

12.50

i50c. i50c.

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

521.00
21.84
19.60

20.00

li
li
li

62
li
li

19.00
20.50
17.00
17.00
19.00

i50c. 4 50c.
i50c. 4 50c.
82
li
92
li
92
li
92
li

13.00
15.00

i35c. 1 35c.
0
1
i50c.

Cents. Dolls.

8 -8 -48
s 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

40.6
36.5

19.50
17.50

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

78
8
8
8
8
8

33.3
33.3
37.5

16.00
16.00
18.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

47.9

23.00

8 -8 -48

27.1
47.9

13.00
23.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

-8
-8
-8
-8
-8
-8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -56

25.00

li

8 -8 -48

20.00

1
12
2

i 8 -8 -56

13.50
23.50

li

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

18.00
18.50
16.80

li

if
1

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -56

23.00

li

8 -8 -48

45.8

22.00

8 -8 -48

22.50
23.00
28.50

li
1 1
3
li
1 1
3
li
li

8
8
8
8
8
9

23.1

12.50

9 -9 -54

21.00
25.00
13.50

22.00
24.00

i70c. i70c.
li
* li

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 Scale became 42.7 cents on June 1,1917.
3 40 hours and $16.25 per week, December to
March, inclusive.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour for Sundays; holidays
Off, with pay.
5 40 hours and $17.50 per week, N ovem ber to
March, inclusive. •
6 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
7 40 hours and $16.67 per week, December to
March, inclusive.
s For holidays; do not work on Sundays.




May 15,1916.

-8
--8
-8
-8
-8
-9

-48
-56
-48
-56
-48
-54

! -8 -48
! -8 -48

1

9 For Sundays; work one-half day on Memorial
D ay and July 4, paid for full day; other holidays
off with pay.
1 Rate, in cents, per hour for Sundays; Christmas
0
and New Year’ s D ay off, with pay; work one-half
day on Labor D ay, Thanksgiving D ay, and elec­
tion days, paid for full day.
1 Allowed 1 day off each m onth, w ith pay.
1
12 For Sundays; for holidays,tim e and one-half.
13 For Labor D ay, time and one-hair.
14 “ Near beer.”

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b le

117

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES.
ASBESTOS W O R K ER S.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and

May 15,1916.
Rate of

For Hours—day; A
Full
Sat­
Per
Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday
For days
Per week over­
Per
Full week. half hour. week
hour. lull time. and
full
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC.
B oston, Mass..................
Buffalo, N. Y ................ .
Newark, N. J ..................
New Y ork , N . Y .......... .
Philadelphia, P a ..........
Pittsburgh, P a ..............
Providence, R . I ...........
Rochester, N. Y ...........
Springfield, Mass..........

Cents. Dolls.

5a. 0 23.32
153.1 225.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
53.1 23.38
659.4 26.13
850.0 22.00
50.0 22.00
53.0 23.32

Regular
rate multi­
plied I

2

1
4

2
2

a
2
n
2

2
2
52

72

2
2
2

Hours—
F ull d a y;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

Cents. Dolls.

22.00

8 -4 -4 4
2 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

50.0
50.0
59.4
59.4
50.0
56.3

24.75

40.6

17.88

(9
)

(9
)

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

50.0
50.0

24.00
24.00

24.00
26.13
26.13

22.00

8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
; -4 -44

(9
)

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, M d..............
W ashington, D . C ........

53.1
53.1

25.50
25.50

52

-8 -48
-8 -48

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111....................
Cincinnati, O hio...........
Cleveland, O h io ............
Detroit, M ich................
Grand Rapids, M ich ...
Kansas City, M o...........
Milwaukee, W is ............
Minneapolis, l^inn.......
Omaha, N ebr................
St. Louis, M o................
St. Paul, M inn..............

70.0
57.5

30.80
25.30
23.65
1250.0 24.00
1445.0 19.80
56.3 24.75
57.5 25.30
55.0 24.20
1657.5 25.30
67.5 29.70
55.0 24.20

1 5 .8
03

2
H2
2
&
2
2
72
2
2
1 1J
7
2

I -4 -44
5 -4
} -4
5 -8
5 _4
] _4
J -4
I -4
I -4
I -4
I -4

-44
-44
-48
-44
_44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

67.5 29.70
55.0 24.20
47.5 22.80
47.5 1322.80

8
8
8
13 8

-4
-4
-8
-8

-44
-44
-48
-48

55.0

24.20

i -4 -44

50.0

22.00

l ' 4 -44

56.3
56.3

24.75
24.75

! -4 -44
I -4 -44

WESTERN.
Portland, Oreg..............
San Francisco, Cal.......
Seattle, W ash ................




50.0
62.5
62.5

22.00
27.50
27.50

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

1 Scale became 56.3 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
2 44 hours and $23.38 per week, June to Augilst, inclusive.
3 A nd on Saturday afternoons, June to A ugust, inclusive.
4 Double tim e after 10 p . m . and on Saturday afternoons.
5 For Labor D ay, triple time.
6 Scale became 62.5 cents on June 1,1917.
7 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
8 Scale became 53 cents on A ug. 14,1917.
9 N ot organized on May 15,1916.
1 Scale became 57.5 cents on June 1,1917.
0
n A nd on Saturday afternoons; for Labor D a y, triple time.
12 Scale became 44 hours on June 1, and 62.5 cents on A ug. 1,1917.
1 44 hours and $20.90 per week, June to August, inclusive.
3
14 Scale became 62.5 cents on A ug. 1,1917.
1 Double time after m idnight.
5
is Scale became 60 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
17 For Sundays; for holidays, double tim e.

118

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
BRICKLAYERS.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
For Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full d ay;
Sun­
Full d ay; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
Saturdays;
over­ and
Full week.
F ull week. half hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
days.
day
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass...........
Bridgeport, C o n n ..
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Fall River, M ass...
Manchester, N. H ..
Newark, N. J.........
New Haven, Conn.
New Y ork, N . Y ...,
Philadelphia, P a ...,
Pittsburgh, P a -----Providence, R . I . . .
Rochester, N. Y ___
Scranton, P a ..........
Springfield, Mass. .
W orcester, Mass----

Cents. Dolls.
1 70.0 30.80
2 65.0 28.60
70.0 330.80
65.0 28.60
65.0 28.60
75.0 33.00
65.0 28.60
75.0 33.00
70.0 30.80
75.0 33.00
70.0 30.80
70.0 30.80
70.0 1030.80
70.0 30.80
65.0 28.60

Regular
rate multiby—

2
2
i*
1*

6i*
2
2

2
72
1*
1*
01*
1*
2
1§

2
2
<2

2
2
2
2
72

2
82
2
82
2
2

Cents. Dolls.
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
38 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
io 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

65.0
60.0
65.0
60.0
60.0
70.0
60.0

28.60
26. 40

12 9 -5 -50

50.0 1325.00
70.0 M31.50

14 8 -5 -45

65.0

is 8 -5 -45

531. 20
26. 40
26. 40
30.80
26. 40

65.0 28.60
70.0 30.80
65.0 28.60
67.5 29. 70
65.0 H28.60
65.0 28.60

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
5 8 - 8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
! -4
! -4
! -4
I -4
! -4
I -4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, Ga.............
Baltimore, M d.......
Charleston, S. C . . .
Jacksonville, F la ...
R ichm ond, V a .......
Washington, D . C .

60.0

123O O
.O
75.0 33.00
40.0 21.60
62.5 30.00
75.0 !633. 75
1 70.0 2031.50
9

2
82
2
2
12
7
21 2

8 -4 -4 4
_ 8 -53
- 8 -48
-5 -45
-5 -45

15 9
8
16 8
20 8

is 9 -5 -50

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111..........................
Fireproofing.....................
Cincinnati, Ohio.................
Cleveland, O h io.................
Columbus, O h io......................
Davenport, Iowa, Moline and
R ock Island, 111....................
Des Moines, Iow a....................

75.0
77.5
75.0
2275.0
75.0

33.00
34.10
33. 75
33.00
33.00

75.0
2377.5

2
2
82

33.00
34.10

82
82

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -5 -45
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

70.0
70.0
12
12

31.50
30.80

8 -5 -45
8 -4 -44

70.0
75.0

30.80
33.00

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

1 Scale became 75 cents on Aug. 1,1917.

2 Scale became 70 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
3 48 hours and $33.60 per week, N ov. 16 to Mar. 15, inclusive.
4 A nd on Saturday afternoons, Mar. 16 to N ov. 15, inclusive.

6 44 hours and $28.60 per week, June to August, inclusive.
6 Double tim e after midnight.

7 On new work; on repair work, tim e and one-half.

8 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
8 Double tim e after 7 p. m. and on Saturday afternoons.
!o 48 hours and $33.60 per week, October to A p n l, inclusive.
11 48 hours and $31.20 per week, October to April, inclusive.
12 54 hours and $32.40 per week, October to April, inclusive,
is 54 hours and $27 per week, October to April, inclusive.
14 44 hours and $30.80 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
15 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
16 44* hours and $33.38 per week, December to February, inclusive.
17 For Sundays, July 4, Christmas, Labor Day, and Saturday afternoons; for other holidays, time and
one-half.
is 44* hours and $28.93 per week, December to February, inclusive,
i® Scale became 75 cents on July 1, 1917.
20 44* hours and $31.15 per week, October to April, inclusive.
21 For Sundays; work on holidays prohibited.
22 Scale became 80 cents on June 1,1917.
28 Scale became 81.3 cents on June 1, 1917.




119

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BRICKLAYERS—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi-

NORTH CENTRAL—concluded.
Detroit, M ich...........................
Grand Rapids, M ich............. .
Indianapolis, I n d ....................
Kansas City, M o.................... .
Milwaukee, W is ......................
Minneapolis, Minn..................
Omaha, N ebr...........................
Peoria, 111.................................
St. Louis, M o.......................... .
St. Paul, Minn.......................
W ichita, Kans........................ .

Dolls.
75.0 133.00
70.0 30.80
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
72.5 31.90
75.0 633.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
775.0 33.00
75.0 633.00
875.0 33.00

Rate of
wages—

Hours—
A
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour. week
full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied

14

May 15,1916.

Cents. Dolls.
1 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
®8 — —
4 44
68 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
6 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

70.0 2 30.80
65.0 28.60
67.5
70.0

70.0

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

28-4-44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

30.80

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Birmingham, Ala.................. . 70.0
Fire-brick, in steel plants... 950.0
Dallas, T ex.............................. 87.5
Houston, T ex .........................
87.5
Little R ock, A rk ...................
87.5
Louisville, K y ........................ 70.0
Memphis, Tenn...................... 82.5
Nashville, T en n ..................... 70.0
New Orleans, L a ................... . 62.5

30.80
27.00
38. 50
38.50
38.50
30.80
36. 30
30.80
27.50

14
14

?
14
14
14
14

1 1J
0

2
2
42
2
2
2
*2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
9 -9 -54
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
75.0 633.00
65.0 28.60
75.0 33.00
67.5 29.70

6 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

80.0
80.0

35.20
35.20

8 -4 -44

75.0
75.0

33.00
33.00

-4 -44
-4 -44

70.0
65.0

30.80
28.60

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont............................. 100.0
In mines, smelters, and
concentrators.................... 75.0
Denver, C olo........................... 87.5
Los Angeles, Cal..................... 62.5
Portland, Oreg....................... 75.0
Salt Lake City, U tah............ 87.5
Hollow tile walls................ 100. 0
San Francisco, Cal................. 87.5
Seattle, W ash......................... U81.3
Spokane, W ash......................
87.5

48.00

14

I -8 -48

36.00
38.50
27.50
33.00
38.50
44.00
38.50
35. 75
38.50

14

5-8 -48
5-4 -44

2
42
14
2
2
2
42
42

5 _4 _44

5-4
I -4
5-4
I -4
j -4
5 -4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

8-4-44

BRICKLAYERS: Sewer, tunnel, and caisson work.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass..........
Bridgeport, C on n ..
New Haven, Conn.
New Y ork, N. Y . . .




1275.0
i3?0. 0
08. 8
75.0

33.00
30.80
30.25
33.00

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4-44

12
12
12
12

1 48 hours and $36 per week, December to February, inclusive.
2 48 hours and $33.60 per week, December to February, inclusive.
3 Double tim e after 7 p. m. and on Saturday afternoons.
* And on Saturday afternoon.
&W ork on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
6 48 hours and $36 per week, October to April, inclusive.
7 Scale became 85 cents on June 1, 1917.
3 Scale became 87.5 cents on June 1,1917.
» Scale became 65 cents on Sept. 15,1917.
10 Double tim e after m idnight.
1 Scale became 87.5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
1
12 Scale became 80 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
is Scale became 75 cents on Sept. 1,1917.

120

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A*— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BUlUDING TRADES— Continued.
BRICKLAYERS: Sewer, tunnel, and caisson work—Concluded.
May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH ATLANTIG—concluded.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Cents. Dolls.

Philadelphia, P a...................... 75.0
Providence, K. I ...................... 80.0
Rochester, N. Y ...................... 75.0

33.00
35.20
33.00

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Sewer w o r k ..........................
Tunnel w ork .........................
Detroit, Mich............................
Milwaukee, W is.....................
Omaha, N ebr............................
St. Louis, M o............................

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full d ay; Sat­
F ull day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Saturdays;
week
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Reg ular
rate rnulti^plied by—
12

li
* li

Cents. Dolls.
70.0
75.0

30. 80
33.00

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

75.0

633.00

68 -4 -4 4

87.5

38.50

8 -4 -4 4

35.0
35.0
35.0

16.80
15. 40
16.80

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48

12

32.0
25.0
43.8

14.08
12.00
21.00

8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

37.5
25.0

18.00
12.50

8 -8 -48
9 -5 -50

28.0

13. 44

8 -8 -48

30.0
40.6

14. 40
17.88

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44

*2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
12

55.00

2

2

8 -4 -4 4

12

100.0 44.00
125.0 55.00
100.0 444.00
100. 0 44. 00
100.0 44.00
100.0 44.00

n

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

2
2

22
22
2
2
2
2

«8 — —
4 44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
9
12
12
12

44.00

2

2

8 -4 -4 4

12

41. 25

ii

22

8 -4 -4 4

12

125.0

?

4 8 -4 -4 4

SOUTH CENTRAL.
H ouston, T e x .......................... 100.0

WESTERN.
Seattle, W ash........................... 793.8

BUILDING LABORERS.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.:
Union A ...............
U nion B ...............
Excavating.........
New Y ork, N. Y .:
Building w o r k ...
E xcavating.........
Plum bing w ork..
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
E xcavating.........
Plum bing w ork ..
Providence, R . I .. .
Rochester, N. Y .:
E xcavating.........
Plum bing w ork..
Scranton, Pa.:
Building w o r k ...
E xcavating.........
Springfield, Mass.:
Building w o r k ...
Scaffolding..........

40.0 -19.20
837.5 18.00
837. 5 18.00

li
1
1

2
2
2

8 — —
8 48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

936. 5
30.0
50.0

16.06
14. 40
24.00

1
(10)
2

2
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

113O
.O
43.8
1 30.0
2

14. 40
19.25
15.00

U

2
22
2

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
9 -5 -50

12
12

1330.0
1532 .O

14. 40
14. 08

14 1 £

li

2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

12

30.0
27. 5

14. 40
14. 85

li
if

2
2

8 -8 -48
9 -9 -54

1631.3
45.0

15.00
19.80

2

lh

2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44

li
li

i On new work; on repair work, tim e and one-half.
8 A n d on Saturday afternoons.
3 Double tim e after 7 p .m .
* 48 hours and $48 per week, December to February, inclusive,
s 48 hours and $36 per week, December to February, inclusive.
6 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
7 Scale became 100 cents on A ug. 1,1917.
s Scale became 40 cents on June 1, 1917.




12

®Scale became 40 cents on July 1,1917.
io W ork prohibited.
u Scale became 45 cents onJune 4 ,1917.
1 Scale became 35 cents on June 1, 1917.
2
13 Scale became 33 cents on July 1,1917.
14 Double tim e after m idnight.
15 Scale became 36 cents on July 1,1917.
is Scale became 37.5 cents on May 24,1917.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOE, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le

121

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
BUILDING LABORERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
F ull day; Sat­
F ull day;
Per
For Sun­
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
week
F ull week. half Per
over­ days
Full week.
hour. full
time. and
holi­
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, M d........................
Washington, D . C.:
Building work....................
Plum bing w ork..................

Per
week
full
time.

Cents. Dolls.
43.8

12

19.25

31.3
31.3

Regular
rate multiplied by—

15.00
15.00

8 -4 -44

Cents. Dolls.
12

34.4

215.47

2 8 -5 -45

25.0

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

12.00

8 -8 -48

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Excavating, scaffolding,
shoring, etc...................... .
Tunnel, well, and caisson
w ork...................................
Windlass, trench, and scaf­
fold work..........................
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
Cleveland, O h io.....................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and R ock Island, 111...
Des Moines, Iowa..............
Detroit, Mich......................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Building w ork.................
Plum bing w ork..............
Omaha, N ebr......................
Peoria, 111............................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Building w ork.................
E xcavating......................
Plumbing w ork...............
Wrecking..........................

45.0

19.80

1h

8 -4 -4 4

42.5

18.70

8 -4 -44

65.0

28.60

1h

8 -4 -4 4

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -44

57.5
30.0
40.0

25.30
15.00
17.60

li
li

8 -4 -4 4
9 -5 -50
8 -4 -44

55.0
25.0
3JL.3

24.20
12.50
15.00

8 -4 -44
9 -5 -50
8 -8 -48

35.0
37.5
40.0

18.90
16.50
21.60

li

9 -9 -54
8 -4 -44
9 -9 -54

(5
)

(5
)

30.0

16.20

(5)

(8)
9 -9 -54

37.5
40.0
30.0
7 40.0

18.00
19.20
13.20
17.60

16.80
18.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

8 30.0
9 27.5
1040.6
1222.5

13.20
14. 85
17. 88
12.15

25.0

11.00

li

li
li

(5
)
(6)

2
2
li

8
8
8
8

-8
-8
-4
-4

-48
-48
-44
-44

35.0
37.5

1i

2

-44
-54
-44
-54

25.0
25.0

13.50

8 -4 -44
9 -9 -54

?
1 14
3

-4
-9
-4
-9

1 00
1..

ii 2

8
9
8
9

37.5

16.50

8 -4 -4 4

li

6li
1*
2"

2

2

2

15.13

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Houston, T e x ..
Louisville, K y ..

H
22.2

12.00

8 -4 -44
9 -9 -54

12

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont.............................. 46.9
Denver, C olo............................ 43.8
Los Angeles, Cal...................... 34. 4
Portland, Oreg........................ I 37.5

22.50 16 60c. i6 60c.
19.25
2
li
15.13
2
li
18.00
li 1 li
7

5 -8
! -4
{ _4
5 -8

-48
-44
-44
-48

1 For Sundays; for holidays tim e and one-half.
2 44 hours and $15.13 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
3 For Sundays, July 4, and Christmas; for other holidays regular rate.
4 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
6 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
6 D ouble tim e after m idnight.
7 Scale became 42.5 cents on N ov. 1,1917.
8 Scale became 37.5 cents on June 22 and 40 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
9 Scale became 33.3 cents on June 15,1917.
10 Scale became 46.9 cents on June 1.1917.
1 Tim e and one-half on Saturday afternoons.
1
12 Scale became 25 cents on June 15.1917.
13 Double tim e on Saturdays after 6 p .m .
n Scale became 25 cents on June 1, 1917.
1 Double time after 7 p. m.
5
16 Rate, in cents, per hour.
1 Double tim e after 8 hours.
7




122

BU LLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able

Jl.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BtfELDlNG TRADES— Continued.
BUILDING LABORERS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
R ate of
year
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
For Hours—d ay; 1917,
F ull
Full day;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
For Sun­
Saturdays; urday Per week
over­ days
F ull week. half hour. full
Full week.
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

w estern —concl uded.
San Francisco:
Building w ork...................
Excavating........................
Patent chimney w ork . . .
Seattle, Wash.:
Building w ork..................
Carpenter w ork.................
Excavating........................
Tunnel ana caisson work
Spokane, W ash....................

Cents. Dolls.
37.5
37.5
37.5

18.00
18.00
16.50

43.8
43.8
37.5
250.0
43.8

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

2
2
2

Cents. Dolls.
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

15.00
15.00

8 -8 -48
9 -9 -54

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

19.25
19.25
18.00
24.00
21.00

31.3
27.8
37.5
37.5
0)

16.50
18.00
C
1)

8 -4 -44
8 — -48
8
C
1)

37.5

18.00

8 -8 -48

57.0 5 25. 08
57.0 &25.08
53.1 23.38
50.0 624.00
48.0 21.12
40.0 19.20
56.3 24. 75
50.0 22.00

58 -4 -4 4
5 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
6 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

CARPENTERS.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
•Boston, Mass...........................
Stair builders........................
Bridgeport, Conn...................
Buffalo, N . Y ......................... .
Fall R iver, Mass.................... .
Manchester, N. H .................
Newark, N . J ...........................
New Haven, Conn..................
New Y ork, N . Y .:
Manhattan.......................... .
Brooklyn, Bronx, and
Queens...............................
R ichm ond.............................
Philadelphia, P a ................... .
Pittsburgh, P a ........................
Providence, R . I .....................
Rochester, N. Y ......................
Scranton, P a .......................... .
Springfield, Mass....................
Worcester, Mass.................... .

2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

30. 25

2

2

7 8 -4 -44

12

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -44

27.50
27.50
26. 40
31. 24
22.00
24. 75
22.00
24. 20
22.88

2
2
8 1J

1
4
11
44

2
2
2
92
2
2

7 8 -4 -44
7 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

56.3
50.0
55.0
62.5
50.0
53.1

24.75
22.00
24. 20
27.50
22.00
23. 38

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

50.0
50.0

22.00
22.00

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

40.0 20.00
50.0 22.00
33.3 18.00
1737. 5 18. 00
43.8 21.00
62.5 27.81

1
4
1
4
11
14
111
4
1
4
1
4

12
12

43.8 1519.25

is 8 -4 -44

12

37.5
55.0

60.0
62. 5
50.0
50.0
65.0
55.0

26. 40
25.08
26.40
27.50
22.00
22.00
28.60
24.20

68.8
62.5
62.5
60.0
71.0
1050.0
•56.3
50.0
55.0
1352. 0

<60.0

*57.0

2
2
2

H
H
H

H

2

u li
2

12
2
2
2

12
12
12
4
12
12
12
12

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, G a...................
Baltimore, M d..............
Charleston, S. C ............
Jacksonville, F la ..........
R ichm ond, V a ..............
Washington, D. C ........

1 N ot organized on May 15, 1916.
2 62.5 cents when working under air pressure.
s N o overtime: work in three shifts.
4 Scale became 65 cents and 40 hours on June 1,1917.
5 40 hours and $24 per week, June to September,
inclusive.
6 44 hours and $22 per week, June to August, in­
clusive.
7 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
8 Double tim e after 10 p . m. and on Saturday
after 5 p . m .




2

92
2
2
2
2

9
8
io 9
8
8
8

-5 -50
-4 -44
-8 -53
-8 -48
-8 -48
-4J-44J

18.00
24. 48

8 -8 -48
8 -41-444

9 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
1 Scale became 60 cents on June 1, 1917.
0
u Double tim e after midnight.
12 A nd on Saturday after 5 p. m.
“ Scale became 54 cents on June 1, 1917.
1 Double time after 9 p. m.
4
15 48 hours and $21 per week, N ovem ber to March,
inclusive.
is W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
17 Scale became 45 cents on June 1,1917.

123

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUKS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.

Table A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
CARPENTERS—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH CENTRAL.

For
Per
Sun­
Per week For days
hour. full over­ and
time. time. holi­
days.

Cents. Dolls.

Chicago, 111.............................. 70.0 30.80
62.5 27.80
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
70.0 30.80
Cleveland, O hio.....................
55.0 24.20
Columbus, O h io....................
Davenport, Iowa, and Mo­
line and R ock Island, 111.. 62.5 27.50
Des Moines, Iow a.................. 3 62.5 27.50
Detroit, Mich.......................... 60.0 26. 40
55.0 24.20
Grand Rapids, M ich.............
Indianapolis, ln d ................... 57.5 25. 30
65.0 28.60
Kansas City, M o ....................
Milwaukee, W is ..................... 56.3 24. 75
Minneapolis, Minn................. 55.0 26. 40
Omaha, N ebr.......................... 57.5 25.30
Peoria, 111................................ 6 80.0 26. 40
St. Louis, M o.......................... 7 65. 0 28.60
St. Paul, M inn....................... 55.0 26. 40
Wichita, Kans........................ 50.0 24.00

May 15,1916.
R ate of
wages—

1

Hours—
&,
F ull d ay; Sat
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
week
F u ll week. half
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multiplied by8 -4 -4 4

8 -4i-44^
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
5g
8
8
8
8

-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-8
-4

-4
-4
-8
-8

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
60.0
60.0

8 -4£-44£
8 -4 -44

24.20
26.40

22.00
21.60
24.20

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

24.00

22.00
22.00

8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44

27.50
24.00

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-48
-44
-44
-44
-48
-48

26. 70
26.40

8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48

26.40
24.75
33.00

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

SOUTH CENTRAL.
45.0
62.5
62.5
82.5
60.0
50.0
55.0
40.0
40.0

Birmingham, Ala..
Dallas, T e x .............
Houston, T e x ........
Floor dressing...
Little R ock, A r k . .
Louisville, K y .......
Memphis, T e n n .. .
Nashville, T en n . . .
N ew Orleans, L a . .

Butte, M ont.................
Denver, C olo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, U tah.
San Francisco, Cal—
Stair builders...........
Seattle, W ash ..............
Spokane, W ash...........

21.60
27.50
27.50
36.30
26.40

87.5

38.50
30.80
24.00
24.75
33.00
30.25
33.00
28.60
27.50

10 .0
70
50.0
56.3
75.0

68.8
75.0
65.0
62.5

22.00
24.20
17.60
19.20

2
12
i2
2
2
2
2
2
12
2
?

2
i2
i2

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
6 8 -4 -44
58 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

60.0
50.0
62.5
62.5

68.8

56.3
56.3

1 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
2 Double time after midnight and on Saturday afternoons.
9 Scale became 65 cents on July 1, 1917.
* Double tim e after first 2 hours and on Saturday afternoons.
6 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.

6S becam 70 cen on Ju e 15 1 1 .
cale
e
ts
n , 97
7S becam 70 cen on July 1,1917.
cale
e
ts
8S becam 55 cen on July 1, 191 .
cale
e
ts
7
»D
ouble tim after 1 p. m
e
0
.
ioScale becam 75cen on O 15,1915.
e
ts
ct.




-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4

60.0
56.3
75.0
50.0
45.0
50.0

22.00
19.80
22.00

26.40

i -4 -44

22.00

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

27.50
27.50
30.25
24.75
24.75

124

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A .

—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
C A R P E N T E R S : M illw righ ts.

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Rate of wageswages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
F ull day;
F ull d ay; Sat­
Per
Sun­
Per
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
For
Per week over­ days
F ull week.
F u ll week. half hour. full
hour. full
time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

N O RTH ATLANTIC.

Cents. Dolls.
Buffalo, N . Y ........................... 67.5
Newark, N. J ............................ 65.0
N ew Y ork, N . Y ..................... 2 62.5

29.70
28.60
30.00

Reg ular
rate inultir
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

li
2
2

2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -4 8

4
12

55.0 a26.40
56.3 24.75

8
8
8
8

-4 -4 4
-4 -4 4
-4 -4 4
-4 -4 4

12
12
10
12

60.0
(5)
62.5

26.40
(5)
27.50

8 -4 -4 4
(5)
8 -4 -4 4

62.5
50.0

27.50
30.00

8 -4 -4 4
10 -10 -60

98 -4 -44

18 - 8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

N O RTH CEN TRAL.

70.0
70.0
67.5
6 65.0

30.80
30.80
29.70
28.60

2
3li
2

2
2
2
2

Dallas, T e x ............................... 65.0
Memphis, Term ..................... . 55.0

28. 60
33.00

3ii
li

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
10 -10 -60

12

30.00
27.50

2
2

2
2

8 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4

12

Chicago, 111................................
Cleveland, O h io.......................
Detroit, M ich............................
St. Louis, M o............................
SOUTH C ENTRAL.

W ESTERN .

San Francisco, Cal—
In side.....................................
Outside..................................

7 62.5
7 62.5

C A R P E N T E R S : Parquetry-floor layers.

N O RTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass............................ 8 60.0 9 26.40

2

2

98 -4 -4 4

12

57.0 925.08

33.00
28.80

*1*
H

2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48

12

62.5
55.0

31.90
22.00
24.00

3li
li
li

2
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48

12
12

27.00

li

li

8 -8 -48

NORTH CENTRAL.

Cleveland, O h io....................... 75.0
Minneapolis, M i n n ........................ 60.0
SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, T e x ............................... 72.5
Nashville, T en n ....................... 50.0
N ew Orleans, L a ..................... 50.0
W ESTERN .

Los Angeles, Cal......................




56.3

r 44 hours and $24.20 per week, June to August, inclusive.
2 Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1,1917.
3 Double time after m idnight and on Saturday afternoons.
4 Double tim e after 8 p .m .
6 N ot organized on May 15, 1916.
6 Scale became 70 cents on July 1,1917.
7 Scale became 68.8 cents on May 27, 1917.
8 Scale became 65 cents on June 1,1917.
9 40 hours and $24 per week, June to September, inclusive.

27.50
26.40

8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48

125

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOK, M AY 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
CEMENT FINISHERS.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

N O RTH ATLANTIC.

Cents, Dolls.

Boston, Mass............................ i 62.5
Bridgeport, C onn.................... 265.0
Buffalo, N . Y ........................... 350.0
Fall R iver, Mass...................... 65.0
Manchester, N . H ................... 60.0
N ewark, N . J ............................ 75.0
N ew H aven, C onn.................. 65.0
N ew Y ork, N . Y ..................... 70.0
Philadelphia, P a ..................... 55.0
Pittsburgh, P a ......................... 656.8
Providence, R . 1 ..................... 62.5
Rochester, N . Y ...................... 70.0
Springfield, Mass..................... 70.0

27.50
28.60
24.00
28.60
26.40
33.00
28.60
30.80
24. 20
24.75
27.50
30.80
30.80

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

For Hours—day; A
F ull
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday
For days
Per
over­
F ull week. half hour. week
full
time. and
holi­
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi
plied by—

2
2

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-4
-4
-8
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4

-44
-44
-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12

li

2
2
2

5 ii
li

H

72
li

60.0

26.40

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

60.0

26.40 1

8 -4 -44

70.0
60.0
63.5
50.0
50.0

30.80
26.40
27.50
22.00
22.00

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

67.5
65.0

29.70
28.60

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12

Ih

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -44

12
12
12

65.0
50.0
60.0

28.60
25.00
26.40

8 -4 -44
9 -5 -50
8 -4 -44

50.0

27.00

9 -9 -54

50.0
57.5

27.00
28.75

9 -9 -54
9 -5 -50

.45.0
50.0

21.60
24.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

(17)

(17)

8 -4 -4 4

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, M d .......
W ashington, D. C .

50.0
70.0

24.00
30.80

N O RTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.............
67.5
Cincinnati, O h io...
55.0
Cleveland, O h io. . .
865.0
Columbus, O h io. . .
50.0
Davenport, Iowa, Moline
and R ock Island, 111
55.0
Des Moines, Io w a ...
H2
6 .5
Detroit, M ich...........
1255.0
Indianapolis, In d —
60.0
Kansas City, M o___
65.0
Milwaukee^, W is ____
15 .0
40
Minneapolis, M inn..
55.0
Omaha, N ebr...........
62.5
St . Louis, M o...........
62.5
Composition work
65.0
St. Paul, M inn........
60.0
W ichita, K ans.........
16 .5
62

8 -4 -44
9 -5 -50

29. 70
27.50
28.60
27.00
26.40
27.50
26.40
30.00
28.60
24.00
26.40
27.50
27.50
28.60
28.80
27.50

98 _4 _44
9 -9 -54

2
li
2
2
2
2
2
1 2
5
2
2
22

8
8
8
9
8
14 8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-8
-4
-8
-5
-4
_8
-8
-4
-4
-4
-8
-4

-48
-44
-48
-50
-44
-48
-48
-44
-44
-44
-48
-44

-8
-8
-4
-9

-48
-48
-44
-54

12
12
12
12
12
12
12

(17)

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la..
Dallas, T e x .............
Houston, T e x ........
Little R ock, A r k ..




62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0

30.00
30.00
27.50
40.50

12
55.6

1 Scale became 70 cents on June 1,1917.
2 Scale became 70 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
3 Scale became 55 cents on June 1,1917.
4 Double tim e after midnight.
6 Double tim e after 10 p. m. and on Saturday afternoons.
6 Scale became 60 cents on May 31, 1917.
7 Double time after 7 p. m . and on Saturday afternoons.
8 Scale became 70 cents on Aug. 1, 1917.
9 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
i° Double time on Saturday after 5 p. m .
1 Scale became 65 cents on July 1, 1917.
1
1 Scale became 60 cents on June 15,1917.
2
13 Double tim e after 11.30 p. m.
14 Scale became 60 cents and 44 hours on July 1,1917.
is A nd on Saturday afternoons.
16 Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1917.
17 N ot organized on May 15,1916.

3 0 .6 6

9 -9 -54

126

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.— Continued.

B U IL D IN G T R A D E S — C ontinued.
C E M E N T FIN ISH E R S—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

WESTERN.
B utte, M ont..............................
Denver, C olo.......................... .
Tj S AngftJfis, Cal.. , T__ „ ____
O
Port-1an < , Oreg___ ____. . . . . .
1
Salt Lake City, U tah.............
San Francisco, Cal..................
Seattle, W ash...........................
Spokane, W ash........................

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

m h,
For Hours—
Full da y; SatSun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
For
Per week over­ days
Full week. half hour.
hour. full time. and
full
holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.
112.5
75.0
62.5
62. 5
75.0
75.0
68.8
75.0

49.50
33.*00
30.00
27.50
36.00
33.00
33.00
36.00

Reg ular
rate rnultir
plied by—
1li
li
i*
2
li
li

li
2
2
2
li
2
2
2

8— —
4 44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

12
12

Hours—
Full da y;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
( 2)

12

(2)

(2)

62.5
62.5

30.00
30.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

62.5

11

30.00

8 -8 -48

CEM ENT FINISHERS* HELPERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Newark, N. J ............................ 45.0
New Y ork , N . Y ..................... 337.5

19.80
16.50

2
li

2
li

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

12
12

37.5

16.50

8 -4 -44

19.80
22.00

2
li

2
2

5 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12

40.0

17.60

8 -4 -4 4

21.60

li

2

8 -8 -48

30.00
27.50

1
2

$

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44

50.0

24.00

8 -8 -48

42.5
3(L0

18.70
14.40

8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48

NORTH CENTRAL.
Cleveland, O h io....................... 445.0
TTa n sa s City, Mo .................... 50.0
SOUTH CENTRAL.
Dallas, T ex

........................... 45.0

W ESTERN.

Salt Lake City, U ta h .............
San Francisco, Cal..................

62.5
62.5

12

CEM EN T FIN ISHERS’ LABORERS.
NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111................................ 45.0
Milwaukee, W is ....................... 40.0
St. Louis, M o........................... 640.0

19.80
19.20
17.60

li
14
7 14

2
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

22.00
21.00

2
li

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48

12
12

WESTERN.
San Francisco, Cal................. 850.0
Spokane, W ash........................ 43.8

1 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
2 N ot organized on May 15, 1916.
s Scale became 40.6 cents on July 1,1917.
< Scale became 50 cents on A ug. 1,1917.




12

6 W ork on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
6 Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1917.
7 Double time on Saturday after 5 p . m .
8 Scale became 56.3 cents on Sept. 10,1917.

127

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.— Continued.

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
COMPOSITION ROOFERS.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
R ate of w ages-

Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

15,

1917,
For Hours—
Full d ay; Sat­
Per
Per
For Sun­
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week over­ days
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full
and
holi­
time. time. holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC.

B oston, Mass.:
First men or forem en..........
K ettle m e n ...........................
Ladle m e n ............................
Paper layers..........................
Newark, N . J ..............................
New Y ork , N . Y .....................
Philadelphia, P a .....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Mop m en ...............................
Felt setter and roll runners.
K ettle m en............................
Rochester, N . Y ......................
Scranton, Pa.:
First m en ..............................
Second m e n .......................
Springfield, Mass.....................

May 15,1916.

Cents. Dolls.

155.0
50.0
50.0
343.8
55.0
49.6
36.3

19.25
24.20
20.63
15.99

45.0
40.0
35.6
446.9

19.80
17.60
17.60
20.63

H
li
li
u

2
2
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
9 -41-491
8 -4 -44

46.9
40.6

22.50
19.50
24.20

11
11
11

2
2
2

8 -8
8 -8
8 -4

11

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

5 55.0

24.20

Reg ular
rate rnulti>
plied by—
2
2
22
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
H

22.00
22.00

-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

-48
-48
-44

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

___ I_____
43.8

19.25

8

10
10
10
12

40.0
35.0
31.1
43.8

19.20
16.80
16.80
19.25

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
9 -9 -54
8 -4 -44

40.6
34.4
50.0

19.50
16.50

12

22.00

8 -8
8 -8
8 -4

-48
-48
-44

8
8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

-4 -44

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111...............................
F orem en................................
Cincinnati, O hio......................
Mop m en................................
Cleveland, O h io.......................
Forem en................................
Detroit, M ich...........................
Kansas City, M o ......................
Milwaukee, W is.......................
St. Louis, M o ...........................

67.5
77.5
40.0
50.0
50.0
57.5
647.5
45.0
55.0
60.0

32.40
37.20
19.20
24.00
22.00

25.30
20.90
21.60
24.20
26.40

.u

11

H
11

H
11
11

H
11

-48
-48
-48
-48
-4 -44
-4 -44
-4 -44
- 8 -48

-8
-8
-8
-8

-4 -44
-4 -44

12
12
12

65.0 31.20
75.0 36.00
37.5 18.00
47.5 22.80
37.5 18.00
45.0 21.60

-8
-8
_8
-8
-8
-8

(7)

(7)

(7)

50.0

24.00

8 -8 -48

28.1

13.50

8 -8 -48

12
12

W ESTERN .

B utte, M on t............................. 50.0
Los Angeles, Cal...................... 50.0
San Francisco, Cal.................. 75.0
Seattle, W ash ........................... 60.0

24.00 »60c. 8 60c.
1
1
24.00
2
33.00
H
2
28.80 • U

8 -8
8 -8
8 -4
8 -8

-48
-48
-44
-48

12

COMPOSITION ROOFERS’ HELPERS.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
B oston, Mass............................ i«37.5
Newark, N. J ........................... 45.0
Scranton, P a ............................ 34.4

16.50
19.80
16.50

2
2
H

2
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48

21.60
15.40

11
11

2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44

12
12

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111................................ 45.0
Milwaukee, W is ....................... 35.0

1 Scale became 60 cents on June 1,1917.
2 Tim e and one-half from 6 to 8 a. m .
3 Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1917.
4 Scale became 50 cents on July 1,1917.
* Scale became 62.5 cents on July 1,1917.




12
1

« Scale became 55 cents on June 8,1917.
7 N ot organized on M ay 15,1916.
8 R ate, in cents, per hour.
9 D ouble tim e after m idnight.
1 Scale became 43.8 cents on June 1,1917.
9

128

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing •
year
Rate of
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
For days
Saturdays;
F ull week. half hour. week
over­
F ull week.
full
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour

NORTH ATLANTIC.
B oston, Mass...................
Buffalo, N. Y ..................
N ew Y ork , N . Y ............ .
Philadelphia, P a ............
Pittsburgh, P a .................
Providence, R . I ............ .
Rochester, N . Y ............. .
Springfield, Mass.............

Per
week
full
time.

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

67.5 29.70
57.5 127.60
69.0 30.36
72.5 31.90
72.5 31.90
56.3 24.75
59.4 326.13
55.0 24.20

8 -4 -4 4
l 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
a 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
4
12
12
12
12
5
12

55.0 27.50
58.0 27.84
669.0 730.36

9 -5 -50
8]-4i-48
7 8 -4 -4 4

12
12
5

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

12
12
6
3
12

Cents. Dolls.
65.0 28.60
56.3 227.00
66.0 29.04
62.5 27.50
68.8 30.25
53.1 23.38
56.3 524.75
52.5 23.10

8 -4 -4 4
a 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
5 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

50.0 25.00
53.1 25.50
62.5 827.50

9 -5 -50
82-41-48
8 8 -4 -4 4

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, G a ......................
Baltimore, M d ................ .
W ashington, D . C ...........

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111...................... .
Cincinnati, O h io..............
Cleveland, O h io...............
Columbus, O h io............. .
Detroit, M:ich.................. .
Grand Kapids, M ich___
Indianapolis, In d ........... .
Kansas City, M o..............
Milwaukee, W is ............. .
Minneapolis, M inn..........
Omaha, N eb r.................. .
St. Louis, M o.................. .
St. Paul, M inn.................

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

70.0 30.80
62.5 27.50
62.5 1 27.50
0
56.3 H27.00
H
62.5 27.50
3
55.0 26.40 1 1£
60.0 26.40
70.0 33.60
4
52.5 23.10 1 11
57.5 25.30
56.3 24.75
70.0 30.80
57.5 25.30

10 8 -4 -44

n 8
. 8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-8
-4
-8
-4
-8
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4

-48
-44
-48
-44
-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12
12

24.20

8 -4 -4 4

62.5 1230.00

1 8 -8 --48
2

55.0

57.5
65.6
47.5
56.3
52.5
68.8
56.3

25.30
31.50
20.90
24.75
23.10
30.25
24.75

8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

SOUTH CENTRAL.,
Birmingham , A la ............
Dallas, T e x .......................
H ouston, T e x ................. .

55.0
60.0
55.0

62.5
[1650.0
62.5
62.5

27.50
24.00
30.00
30.00
33.00
27.50

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

24.20
26.40
24.20

12
12
12

50.0

24.00

8 -8 -48

8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44

12

56.3

24.75

8 -4 -4 4

12

62.5
56.3

30.00
24.75

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

WESTERN.
D enver, C olo.....................
Los Angeles, Cal..............
Portland, Oreg.................
Salt Lake City, Utah —
San Francisco, Cal..........
Seattle, W ash ...................

68.8

62.5

1 2
5
li

2
2
2
2

1 44 hours and $25.30 per week, June to September, inclusive.
2 44 hours and $24.75 per week, June to Septem ber, inclusive.
3 48 hours and $28.50 per week, October to A p ril, inclusive.
4 A n d on Saturday afternoons, May to Septem ber, inclusive; double tim e on Saturday after 5 p .m .
s 48 hours and $27 per week, October to A p ril, inclusive.
6 Scale became 71 cents on N ovem ber 1,1917.
7 48 hours and $33.12 per week, October to A pril, inclusive,
s 48 hours and $30 per w eek, October to A p ril, inclusive.
9 Scale became 65 cents on N ov. 1,1917.
1 48 hours and $30 per week, October to March, inclusive.
0
1 44 hours and $24.75 per week, June to A ugust, inclusive.
1
1 44 hours and $27.50 per week, June to August, inclusive,
2
is On new w ork; on repair w ork, double time.
1 Double tim e after m idnight.
4
is On repair w ork, on Saturday, from 1 to 5 p . m ., regular rate; after 5 p . m ., time and one-half.
1 Scale became 56.3 cents on June 1,1917.
®




TJNION SCALE OF W AGES £ N D H O U R S OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T able

129

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS' HELPERS.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

For
Sun­
For days
over­
and
time. holi-

Cents. Dolls.
Boston, Mass...................
Buffalo, N . Y ..................
New Y ork, N . Y ............
Philadelphia, P a ............
Pittsburgh, P a ...............
Providence, R . I .............
Rochester, N. Y .............
Springfield, Mass...........

43.8 19.25
39.5 i 18.96
44.0 19.36
46.0 20.24
46.0 20.24
39.0 17.16
39.5 3 17.38
37.5 16.50

2

Rate of

Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour. week
full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by-

NORTH ATLANTIC.

May 15,1916.

Hours—
F ull day;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
8 -4 -44
i 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
38 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

42.5 18/70
38.5 2 18.48
42.5 18.70,
42.0 18.48
45.0 19.80
37.5 16.50
37.5 5 16.50
36.3 15.95

15.00
18.00
19.36

9 -5 -50
81-4^-48
7 8 -4 -44

12.50

9 -5 -50

42.5 3 18. 70

-4 -44

45.0 19.80
42.5 18.70
42.5 9 18. 70
40.0 H19.20
42.5 18.70
35.0 16.80
40.0 17.60
45.0 21.60
36.3 15.95
39.0 17.16
38.0 16.72
45.0 19.80
39.0 17.16

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
9 8 -4 -44
i 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

35.0
35.0
35.0

15.40
15.40
15.40

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

37.5

16.50
15.00
18.00
18.00

8 -4 -4 4
2 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
^8 — —
4 44
8 -4 -44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, G a .....................
Baltimore, M d.................
Washington, D. C ..........

30.0
37.5
44.0

25.0

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.......................
Cincinnati, Ohio.............
Cleveland, O h io..............
Columbus, O h io.............
Detroit, Mich...................
Grand Rapids, M ich___
Indianapolis, in d ...........
Kansas City, M o.............
Milwaukee, W is .............
Minneapolis, Minn.........
Omaha, Nebr..................
St. Louis, Mo...................
St. Paul, M inn................

37.5 16.50
40.0 ioi7.60
37.5 1 1 .0
28 0
40.0 19.20
40.0
32.5
37.5
36.5
42.5
37.5

19.20
14.30
16.50
16.06
18.70
16.50

30.0

8 -8 -48
i -8
1 -4
! -4
! -4
1 -4
i -4

-48
-44
-44
-44
-44

14.40

30.0

8 -4 -44
io 8 -4 -44
12 8 -8 -48

13.20

-44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la...........
Balias, T ex......................
Houston, T e x ..................
WESTERN.

Denver, C olo...................
L os Angeles, Cal.............
Portland, Oreg................
Salt Lake, City, U t a h ..
San Francisco, Cal.........
Seattle, W ash..................

1 3 .3
61
37.5
37.5
43.8
43.8

21.00
19.25

12
5

2

8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4

12
12

18.00
16.50

! -8 -48
! -4 -44

144 hours and $17.38 per week, June to September, inclusive.
*44 hours and $16.94 per week, June to September, inclusive.
« 48 hours and $18.96 per week, October to A pril, inclusive.
* B ouble tim e after 5 p. m.
» 48 hours and $18 per week. October to A pril, inclusive.
« Scale became 46 cents on N ov. 1,1917.
* 48 hours and $21.12 per week, October to A pril, inclusive.
8 48 hours and $20.40 per week, October to A pril, inclusive.
8 48 hours and $20.30 per week, October to M!arch, inclusive.
10 48 hours and $19.20 per week, October to March, inclusive.
11 44 hours and $17.60 per week, June to August, inclusive.
12 44 hours and $16.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
13 On new work; on repair work, double time.
14 D oubletim e after m idnight.
is On repair work, on Saturday, from 1 to 5 p. m. regular rats; after 5 p. m., tim e and one-half,
ic Seale became 41.3 cents on June 1,1917.

62373°— 19— Bull. 245------ 9




130

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b l e A ___ UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

B U IL D IN G T R A D E S — C ontinued.
ENGINEERS: Portable and hoisting.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
Rate of wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full da y; Sat­
F ull d a y;
Sun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Saturdays;
Per week F or days
F ull week. half hour. week
F ull week.
hour. full over­ and
full
holi­
time. time. holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Cents. Dolls.

1 62.5
62.5
Buffalo, N . Y ............................ 3 56.3
Newark. N. J.:
Building w ork...................... ^68.8
Concrete work, excavating
and pile drivin g ..............- 4 62.5
354.5
N ew Haven. C onn......... .
N ew York, N . Y .:
Building work, A ................. 468.8
Building work, B ................. 568.8
Cement m ixers..................... 75.0
Combination, engine and
com pressor......................... 684.7
E xcavator.............................. 562.5
Foundation w ork................. 568.8
H od and stone hoisting — 775.0
Philadelphia, Pa.:
8 62.5
B oom derrick............ .
H oist............. ........... . .......... 862.5
Pittsburgh, P a .......................- 70.0
Providence, R . I ...................... 62.5
Rochester, N. Y .:
Single d ru m .......................... 62.5
Double drum ........................ 75.0
Scranton, Pa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56.3
Springfield, Mass..................... »62.5
Worcester, Mass................. . 5 62.5

27.50
27.50
27.00

Regular
rate 1nultU
plied 6y—

2

l|

Cents. Dolls.
12
12

2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -4 8

12

2
22

54.5

24.00

8 -4 -4 4

68.2

30.00

8 -4 -4 4

30.25

2

2

.8 -4 -4 4

30.00
24.00

2

n

2
22

8 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4

12

30.25
30.25
33.00

2
2
2

2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
12

37.25
30.00
33.00
33.00

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 —8 —
48
8 -8 -4 8
8 - 4-44

12
62.5

30.00

8 -8 -4 8

22
22
22
22

8 -4 -4
8 -4 -4
8 -4 -4
8 -4 -4

4
4
4
4

12
12 956.3
1 2 61.4
12 50.0

24.75
27.00
2 2 .0 0

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

8 -4 -4
8 -4 -4
8 -8 -4
8 -4 -4
8 -4 -4

4
4
8
4
4

12
12

57.3
71.6

25.20
31.50

8 - 4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

12 554.5
12

24.00

8 -4 -4 4

62.5
45.0
62.5

33.75
24.30
30.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
8 -8 -4 8

27.50
27.50
30.80
27.50

li

li
l!
li

27.50
33.00
27.00
27.50
27.50

li

2
2

2
2
2
2
2

30.94
22.28
31.50
30.80

li
if
l|
if

2
2
2
22

75.0 1033.00
“ 57. 8 26.00

U
li

2
22

1|

22

2
2

12

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Boom derrick and h o is t----Hoisting concrete.................
Baltimore, M d..........................
Washington, D. C . . . .............

62.5
45.0
70.0
70.0

9 - 4i-49i
9 - 4i-49i
8 -5 -4 5
8 -4 -4 4

6
6
12
12

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago 111................................
Cincinnati, O h io .....................
Cleveland, Ohio:
B oom derrick........................
H oist.......................................
Columbus, O h io......................

75.0
127O
.O
65.0

33.00
30.80
31.20

10 8 - 4 -44

8 -5 -4 5

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -4 8

8
12 9 55.6

25.00

8 -5 -4 5

70.0
60.0
50.0

30.80
26.40
24.00

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -4 8

12

12
22
li
2
li
1 Scale became 75 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
2 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
3 Scale became 62.5 cents on June 1,1917.
* For broken tim e 75 cents. Scale became 75 cents for straight tim e on July 1 , 1917.
6 For broken tim e, 75 cents.
e Scale became 90.9 cents on July 1,1917.
7 Scale became 81.3 cents on July 1,1917.
s For broken tim e, 70 cents.
9 F or broken tim e, 62.5 cents.
10 48 hours and $36 per week, December to March, inclusive.
1 For broken tim e, 65 cents.
1
12 Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1917.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OP LABOR, M AY 15, 1917.
T a b le

131

A____ UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.— Continued.

B U IL D IN G T R A D E S — Continued.
E N G IN E E R S : Portable and hoisting—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 16,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

May 1 5 ,1S16.
Rate of
wages—

1917,
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week
Full week. half hour.
hour. full over­ and
full
holi­
time. time. holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Per

NORTH CENTRAL—concluded.
Davenport, Iowa. Moline and
R ock Island, 111...................
Des Moines, Iow a....................
Detroit, Mich.: '
B oom derrick........................
H oist.......................................
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
B oom derrick........................
H oist.......................................
Indianapolis, In d .....................
Kansas City, Mo......................
Milwaukee, W is.:
Boons derrick........................
H oist...................................
Minneapolis, Minn...................
Omaha, N ebr............................
Peoria, 111..................................
St. Louis, Mo............................
2 engines................................
St. Paul, M inn.........................

Cents. Dolls.
1 60.0

Reg ular
raU 1nultiplietI by—
8 - 8 -48

3 56.3

9 -9 -5 4

65.0

33.75
35.10

10 - 1 0 -60

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 - 4 -4 4

12
12

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -4 4

62

9 -5 -9 0
9 -9 -5 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12

1|

2
2
62

65.0
70.0

28.60
30.80

8 - 4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

11

2
2
2
62
62

8 8 - 4-44
10 8 - 4 -44

6
0

28.80
37.80

75.0
70.0

33.00
30.80

2

25.00
21.60
30.80
33.00

n

4 50.0

640.0
70.0
75.0

* 67.5 * 29.70
9 62.5 W27.50
60.0 32.40
£2.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
1 75.0 33.00
2
i»87.5 38.50
62.5 33.75

Cents. Dolls.

22
2

70.0

li

H

h

n p.

ii

2“
2

2
2
2

9 -9 -5 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
9 -9 -5 4

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -4 8
9 -9 -5 4

12
12

12

9 -9 -5 4

|

12
12
12

1

60.0

36.00

10 -10 -60

50.0
( 19)

27.00
(1)
9

9 -9 -5 4

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Birmingham, Ala.:
B oom derrick.......................
H oist......................................
Concrete m ixers. . . .... .........
Dallas, T e x ...............................
Houston, T ex.:
Boom derrick.......................
Hoist.......................................
Little R ock, A r k .....................
Louisville, K y .........................
Memphis, T en n .......................
N ew Orleans, L a .....................
Pile driving...........................

27. 50
25. 00

l|
i|
i|

1457.3
^52.1
W45.4
62.5

22.00
27.50

li

l762.5
*856,3
50.0
56.3
60.0
50.0
44.4

27.50
24. 75
22.00
27.00
26. 40
24.00
24.00

li

if

I*
li

20 if
20

2
2
62
2
2

-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8
-8 -4 8
-4 -4 4

12
12
12
8
12

1 For hoisting and concrete m ixing; for boom derrick, 62.5 cents; for steam shovel, 75 cents.
2 A nd on Saturday after 5 p .n i ,
3 For concrete m ixing; for hoisting, 60 cents.
* Scale became 55 cents on June 1,1917.
*
6 Scale became 45 cents on June 1,1917.
6 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
7 Scale became 72.5 cents on June 1,1917.
8 48 hours and &32.40 per week, N ovem ber to A pril, inclusive.
» Scale became 67.5 cents on June 1,1917.
w 48 hours and $30 per week, Novem ber to A pril, inclusive.
1 Double tim e after m idnignt.
1
Scale became 87.5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
13 Scale became 100 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
14 For broken tim e, 62.5 cents,
is For broken tim e, 56.3 cents,
i® For broken tim e, 50 cents.
17 Scale became 67.5 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
is Scale became 62.5 cents on June 1,1917.
19 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
20 Double tim e after 9 p . m .




B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

132
T able

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
ENGINEERS: P
ortable and hoisting— oncluded.
C
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

i&,
For Hours—
Fu ll d a y ; Sat­
Per
Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday
For days
Per week
Per
Full week. half hour. week
hour. full over­ and
full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

WESTERN.

Cents. Dolls.
Butte, M ont.............................
Denver, Colo.:
B oom derrick........................
H oist.......................................
Los Angeles, Cal......................
Tractor m ixers.....................
Portland, Oreg.........................
Pile driving...........................
Stationary concrete mixers.
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Building work......................
Concrete m ixers...................
San Francisco, C al..................
Seattle, W ash...........................
Spokane, W ash ........................
Stationary concrete mixers

M ay 15,1916.

75.0

33.00

75.0

50.0
62.5
262.5
75.0
»50.0

n

33.00
30.25
24.00
30.00
27.50
36.00
24.00

75.0
62.5
75.0
75.0
75.0
62.5

Regularrate multi­
plied by—

33.00
27.50
36.00
33.00
36.00
30.00

68.8

n

i2
i2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

12

Cents. Dolls.
62.5
56.3

12

27.50
24. 75

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

62.5

30.00

8 -8 -4 8

62.5
56.3

12

8

4 -44
4 -44
8 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

27.50
24.75

4 -44
4 -44

62.5
62.5
50.0

27.50
30.00
24.00

I - 4 -44
i - 8 -48
! - 8 -48

15.40
15.40
15.30
16.50
16.50

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
84-84-51
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

H O D CARRIERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
U nion A ..................
Unions B and C . . .
Buffalo, N . Y ............
N ewark, N . J .............
N ew Y ork, N. Y . . . .
Philadelphia, P a.:
Mortar m en ............
W heelbarrow m en.
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Mortar m en ............
W heelbarrow m en.
Providence, R . I ____
R ochester^N. Y ........
Scranton, P a ..............
Springfield, Mass-----W orcester, Mass........

42.5
<40.0
40.0
45.0
42.5

18.70
17.60
20.40
19.80
18.70

45.0
35.0

19.80
15.40

li

2
2
2
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
84-8J-51
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12

35.0
35.0
30.0
37.5
37.5

1£
li

H
li

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12

40.0
25.0

17.60
1 1 .0 0

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
9 -5 -50
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
12
12

30.0

15.00

9 -5 -50

40.6
40.0

17.88
17.60

8 -4 -44

li
li
li

2

545.0 19.80
li
«30. 0 13.20
14
735.0 17.50
li
8 30.0 13.20 »35c.
35. 0 1015.40
li
2
45.0 19.80
45.0 19.80
li

10 8 - 4 - 4 4

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12

5
12
12

8 -4 -4 4

SOUTH ATLANTIC.




2
8 -4 -4 4
12 34.4 H15.47
li
13 8 -5 -45
12 28.1 K1 2 .6 6
2
li
i A n d on Saturday afternoons.
* Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1917.
» Scale becam e 62.5 cents on June 1,1917.
* Scale became 42.5 cents on June 1,1917.
6 Scale became 55 cents on June 4,1917.
« Scale became 45 cents on June 4,1917.
* Scale became 38 cents on June 1,1917.
* Scale became 36 cents on July 1,1917.
s Rate, in cents, per hour; tim e and one-half after first hour.
Jo 48 hours and $16.80 per week, October to April, inclusive,
n 44 hours and $15.13 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
12 Scale became 35 cents on July 1,1917.
i* 444 hours and $13.91 per week, October to A pril, inclusive.
i< 44| hours and $12.52 per week, October to A pril, inclusive.

40.0 17.60
«31.3 i*14.06

11 8 -5 -45
14 8 -5 -45

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917^

13S

Table A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRA D E S— Continued.

HOD CARRIERS—C
ontinued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate cf wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
Sun­
For
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

NOETII CENTRAL.

Cents. Dolls.
Chicago, 111...............................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Brick m en........................... .
Mortar men *.......................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Brick m en........................... .
Mortar m en..........................
Columbus. O h io.....................
Davenport, Iowa, Moline
and R ock Island, 111..........
Des Moines, Iow a ...................
Detroit, Mich.;
Brick m en.............................
Mortar m en .........................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Brick m en ...........................
Mortar m en .........................
Kansas City, M o ....................
Milwaukee, W is.:
Brick m en...........................
Mortar m en .........................
Minneapolis, M inn................
Omaha, N eb r.........................
Peoria, 111.:
Brick m en...........................
Wheelbarrow m en.............
Mortar m en .........................
Mortar m ixers.....................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Brick m en .....................
Mortar m en .........................
St. Paul, M inn.......................

45.0

19.80

i 42.5
i 45.0

19.13
20.25

40.0
45.0
45.0

17.60
19.80
19.80

42.5
40.0

18. 70
17.60

40.0 « 17. 60
43.8 s 19. 27
42.5
45.0
50.0

22.00

40.0
42.5
50.0
40.0

19.20
20.40
24.00
17.60

11
40.0
u40. 0

17.60
17.60
17.60
17.60

14. 0
10
H40.0

18. 70
19.80

1247.5 20.90
1 2 5 0 .0
1837. 5 18.00

22.00

Rate of
wages—

Hours—
mh,
Full d a y; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
F ull week. half hour, week
full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multiplied by—

Cents. Dolls.
8 -4 -4 4

2
2
22
22
22
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

May 15,1916.

42.5

18.70

8 -5 -45
8 -5 -45
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

31.3 3 13.75
35.0 4 15. 40
37.5 16.50

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

31.1

6 8 -4 -44
8 8 -4 -44

(5
)

(5
)

16.80

35.0 7 17.33
40.0 19.80

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

40.0
42.5
45.0

17.60
18.70
19.80

U

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

35.0
35.0
45.0

16.80
16. 80
21.60

2
2
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

36.9
34.4
37.5

16.23
15. 13
16. 50

35.0
38.0
30.0

15. 40
16.72
13.20

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

11.00

25.0
31.3

13. 75

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

40.0
42.5
37.5

Birmingham, Ala..
Houston, T e x ........
Louisville, K y .:
Brick m en......... .
Mortar m en ........
Memphis, T e n n .. .
Nashville, T en n ...

17.60
18.70
16.50
8.80

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

20.0

(1)
4

1 Scale became 50 cents on A ug. 15,1917.
2 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
a 48 hours and $15 per week, September to April, inclusive.
* 48 hours and $16.80 per week, September to April, inclusive.
6 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
«48 hours and $19.20 per week, December to February, inclusive.
7 54 hours and $18.90 per week, N ovem ber to April, inclusive.
s 48 hours and $21 per week, December to February, inclusive.
9 54 hours and $21.60 per week, December to February, inclusive.
10 Double tim e after 7 p .m .
11 Scale became 42.5 cents on N ov. 1,1917.
12 Scale became 55 cents on June 1,1917.
is Scale became 40.6 cents on June 20,1917.
n N ot organized on May 15,1916.




(W

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

134

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.

HOD CARRIERS— oncluded.
C
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
F ull d a y;
F ull d a y; Sat­
Sun­
Per
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
F ull week.
Over­ and
F ull week. half hour, full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days,
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
P ot

Per
week

hour. full

time.

WESTERN.

Cents. Dolls.
B utte, Mont...............
Denver, Colo.:
Brick m en...............
Mortar m en............
Los Angeles, Cal.:
U nion A ..................
U nion B ...................
W heelbarrow men.
Portland, Oreg..........
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Brick m en...............
Mortar m en ............
W heelbarrow men.
San Francisco, C a l...
Sewer w ork.............
Seattle, W ash............
Spokane, W ash..........

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

68.8

33.00 il05 c. 2105c.

43.8
46.9

19.25
20.63

40.6
40.6
34.4
50.0

17.88
17.88
15.13
24.00

n 32
H *2
li
H 2
n
?
i*

Cents. Dolls.
8 -8 -48
37.5
40.6

16.50
17.88

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

43.8
50.0
37.5

22.00

19. 25

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

43.8
50.0

22.00

19.25

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

2
8 -4 -4 4
12 62.5
*65.0 28.60
2
8 -4 -44 i 12 50.0
2
2
54.5 24.00
82
78 — —
8 48
62.5 730.00
3 56.3
4li
2
2
8 -4 -4 4
50.0 22.00
12 41.0
2
8 -4 -4 4
4 37.5
42.5 18.70
li
2
2
8 -4 -4 4
12
U62.5 27.50
2
2
8 -4 -4 4
50.0 22.00
12 44.5
2
2
65.0 28.60
8 -4 -44
12 60.0
2
56.3 24. 75 1 1J
2
8 -4 -44
12 50.0
3
2
8 -4 -44
12
62.5 27.50 1 1£ 1 2
1 55. 0 24.20
4
2
2
8 -4 -44
12 50.0
2
56.3 24. 75 1 l i
8 -4 -4 4
9 53.1
2
60.0 26. 40
2
8 -4 -44
12 50.0
li
2
8 -4 -4 4
12 50.0
57.0 25. 08
li
2
8 -4 -4 4
12 47.5
50.0 22.00 16 1^
1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holidays, 140 cents per
8 D o not work on holidays.
* Double tim e after 10 p . m.
* Scale became 56.3 cents on June 1,1917.
6 Scale became 70 cents on July 1,1917.
7 44 hours and $27.50 per week, June to August, inclusive,
s A nd on Saturday afternoons, June t o August, inclusive.
9 44 hours and $24.77 per week, June to August, inclusive.
10 44 hours and $16.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
11 Scale became 68.8 cents on June 1,1917.
12 Double tim e after midnight.
13 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
n Scale became 60 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
15 48 hours and $25.50 per week, October to December, inclusive,
is Double tim e after 7 p . m .

27.50
22.00
*27.00
18.04
1018.00

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
98 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4
m 8 -8 -48

19.58
26.40
22.00

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

22.00
»23.38
22.00
22.00
20.90

8 -4 -44
15 8 - 4 - 4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

50.0
56.3
43.8
650. 0
62.5
50.0
56.3

22.00

24. 75
19. 25

2
22.00 m
27.50
2
22.00 li
24. 75

2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

16.50

INSIDE WIREMEN.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass...........
Bridgeport, C on n ..
Buffalo, N. Y ........ .
Fall R iver, M ass...
Manchester, N . H . .
Newark, N . J .........
N ew Haven, Conn..
N ew Y ork, N . Y . . .
Philadelphia, P a . .
Pittsburgh, P a -----Providence, R . I —
Rochester, N. Y —
Scranton, P a ...........
Springfield, Mass. . .
Worcester, Mass___




hour.

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

135

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.

INSIDE WIREMEN—
Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

A

For Hours—
F ull d a y; Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Fo
Per week over­ days
F ull week. half hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Cents. Dolls.
Baltimore, M d.......
Charleston, S. C . . .
Jacksonville, F l a ..
R ichm ond, V a ___
Washington, D. C .

May 15,1916.

50.0 24.00
33.3 118. 00
45.0 2L 60
50.0 24.00
*60.0 26.40

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

2
2
2
2
2

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays!
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
8 -8 -4 8
1 9 -9 -5 4
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4

43.8
43.8

21.00

56.3
70.0

25.05
30.80

59.4
37.5
53.0
65.0
50.0

28.50
16.50
23.32
28.60

50.0

24.00

56.3

24.75

62.5
62.5

12

21.00

27.«50
27.50

40.0
50.0

22.00

60.0

26.40

62.5
62.5
56.3

27.50
27.50
27.00

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111............. - ..............
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
Cleveland, O h io.....................
Des Moines, Iow a..................
Detroit, Mich..........................
Grand Kapids, M ich .............
Indianapolis, In d ..................
Kansas City. M o....................
Milwaukee, W is .....................
Minneapolis, Minn................
Moline and R ock Island, 111.
Omaha, N e b r ........................
Peoria, 111................................
St. Louis, M o..........................
St. Paul, M inn.................
Wichita, Kans........................

8 -4 -4 4

75.0
62.5
475.0
556. 3
766.9
45.0
57.0

33.00
27. 81
33.00
24. 75
29. 43
19.80
25. 08
30. 25
56.3 24. 75
1056. 3 24. 75
62. 5 27.50
57.5 25. 30
H56. 3 24. 75
75.0 33.00
62. 5 27.50
1250.0 24.00

8 -41-441

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48

68.8

22.00

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la..
Dallas, T ex.............
Houston, T e x ........
Little R ock, A rk ..
Louisville, K y .......
Memphis, Term . . .
Nashville, T en n . . .
N ew Orleans, L a . .

50.0

16.0
35

22.00

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
is 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
9 -9 -54
8 -8 -48

28.60
65.6 28.88
i*50. 0 1624.00
14. 21.60
65
56.3 24. 75
33.3 18.00
50.0 24.00

0

12

(1)
7

19.20

(1>
7

WESTERN.

B utte, Mont.................
Denver, C olo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, U tah.
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, W ash ..............
Spokane, W ash...........

87.5
62.5
50.0
56.3
1362.5
75.0
75.0
70.0

38.50
27.50
24.00
24. 75
27. 50
33.00
33.00
33.60

2 2
l
2i
.11 32
2
2 2
6 li 32
2
• ii

1 49J hours and $16.50 per week, June 16 to Sept.
15, inclusive.
2 Scale became 65 cents on Sept. 1, and 70 cents
on Dec. 1,1917.
3 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
4 Scale became 78.1 cents on N ov. 1,1917.
®Scale became 60 cents on July 1,1917.
®Double tim e after 10 p . m .
7 Scale became 71.3 cents on N ov. 1,1917.
8 Double tim e after 8 p . m .




8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 — —
8 48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48

9 D ouble tim e after m idnight.
10 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 16,1917.
11 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 1,1917.
12 Scale became 56.3 cents on June 1,1917.
1 * Scale becam e 70 cents on July 1,1917.

n Scale became 55 cents on July 1,1917.
w 44 hours and $22 per week July to September,
inclusive.
18 Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1917.
17 N ot organized on May 15, 1916.

136

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

-Table A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
INSIDE W IREM EN: Fixture hangers.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
R ate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

life,

For Hours—d a y;
Full
SatPer
Per
Sun­
Saturdays; urday
For days
Per
Per week over­
F ull week. half hour. week
full
hour. full
and
holi­
time.
time. time. holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Cents. Dolls.

Boston, Mass............................
Buffalo, N. Y ...........................
Newark, N. J........................ - New Haven, Conn...................
N ew York, N. Y ................ .
Philadelphia, P a .....................
Pittsburgh, P a .........................
Providence, R . 1......................
Rochester, N. Y ......................

May 15,1916.

60.0 26.40
45.0 121.60
50.0
50.0
65.0 28.60
56.3 24.75
57.5 25.30
555.0 24.20
56.3 24.75

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

2

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
8 -4 -44
i 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

2
3H
2
3H

55.0

24.20

8 -4 -4 4

44.5
60.0
50.0

19.58
26.40

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

50.0
53.1 623.38

8 -4 -4 4
6 8 -4 -4 4

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44

22.00 2U
2
22.00 2

43.8

21.00

8 -8 -4 8

22.00
22.00

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, M d.......................... 750.0
W ashington, D. C ................... 856.3

24.00
24.75

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111............................... 75.0
Cleveland, O h io....................... 60.0
Detroit, M ich.................. .........u62.5
Grand Rapids, M ich............... 45.0
Indianapolis, In d .................... 50.0
Kansas C ity, M o...................... 62.5
4
Minneapolis, Minn.................. 1 56.3
Omaha, N ebr........................... 50.0
Peoria, 111.................................. 1 56.3
5
St. Louis, M o............................ 65.0
St. Paul, M inn......................... 50.0

33.00
26.40
27.50
19.80

n

91£
12a

H
n
ii
22.00 •a
3
24.75
3H
28.60
H
24.00
3H

22.00
27.50
24.75

H

2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-8

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-48

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

2
2
2
2
<2
2
2
2
2

22.00

50.0
59.4 i328.50
37.5 16.50
47.0
56.3 24.75
50.0

20.68
22.00

8 -4 -4 4
38 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

27.50

io

I -4 -44

24.75

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, T e x ............................... 1 65.0
6

28.60

WESTERN.

Los Angeles, Cal......................
Portland, Oreg........................
San Francisco, Cal..................
Seattle, W ash...........................




50.0
56.3
62.5
62.5

24.00
24.75
27.50
27.50

2
<2
2

42

8
8
8
8

-8
-4
-4
-4

-48
-44
-44
-44

56.3
50.0

22.00

1 44 hours and $19.80 per week, June to August, inclusive.
2 Double tim e after 10 p. m.
3 Double tim e after midnight.
4 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
6 Scale became 60 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
« 48 hours and $25.50 per week, October to December, inclusive.
* Scale became 56.3 cents on Aug. 7, 1917.
s Seale became 62.5 cents on June 1,1917.
9 D ouble tim e after 6.30 p. m.
10 A nd on Saturdays after 4.30 p. m .
11 Scale became 65.8 cents on N ov. 1,1917.
1 Double time after first 2 hours.
2
13 Forty-eight hours and $25.13 per week, June to Septem ber, inclusive.
14 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 16,1917.
15 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 1,1917.
16 Scale became 70 cents on July 1,1917.

137

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U RS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EAOH
TRADE, ETC.— Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
LATHERS.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
Sun­
Per
For
Per week over­ days
hour. full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Metal or w o o d ......................
W o o d .....................................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Metal or w o o d ......................
W o o d .....................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Metal or w o o d ......................
W o o d ................^....................
Fall River, Mass.:
Metal......................................
W o o d .....................................
Newark, N. J.:
Metal or w o o d ......................
W o o d . .................................
New Haven, Conn.:
Metal......................................
W o o d .....................................
New York, N. Y .:
Metal.......................................
W ood—
Manhattan and B ron x ...
Brooklyn............................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Metal......................................
W o o d .....................................
W o o d .....................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Metal or w ood ......................
W o o d ............................ ........
Providence, R . I .:
Metal
........................
W ood
...............................
Rochester, N. Y .:
Metal or w o o d ......................
W o o d .....................................

Cents. Dolls.
29.00

2
2

6 8 .8

30.25

2
2
2 568.8c.

(4)
56.3 6 27.00
(0

2
2

2

Rate of
wages—

Hours—
x& ,
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays; urday
Full week. half Per week
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Reg ular
rate rnultiplied by—

72.5
(2)

May 15,1916.

Cents. Dolls.
26.00

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

8 -0 -40

8 -0 -40
8 -0 -40

1 12
1 12

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12

6 8 - 8 -48
8 8 - 8 -48

3
3

50.0
(9)

24.00

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

40.0
( 12
)

19.60

9 -4 -49
9 -4 -49

62.5
(“ )

27.50

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

H
li

2

H

2
1

io 9 _4 _49
io 9 _4 -49

12
12

65.0
<8)

8 -0 -4 0
8 -4 -44

(3)

45.0
(")

22.05

75.0
(13)

33.00

2
2

2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12

6 8 .8

30.25

2
2

2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12

2

2

2

8 -4 -44

12

2
2

2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12

(13)

2
2
1

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12
12

62.5

62.5
(3)

27.50

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

50.0

22.00

8 -4 -44

(9)
6 8 .8

30.25

(15)
(16)

1

12

70.0
62.5
(17)

30.80
27.50

2
2
1

6 8 .8

30.25

11

(2)

H

18 2
18 2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12

(19)
( 20
)

l*

2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12

2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12

8 -4 -44

2155.0 24.20
( 22
)

li
li
l

(23)

27.50

8 -4 -44

8 -4 -4 4

(“ )

1 Full holiday on Saturdays.
2 $3.60 per 1,000 laths.
3 $3.25 per 1,000 laths.
<$3.75 per 1,000 laths.
6 Rate, in cents, per hour.
«44 hours and $24.75 per week, June to August, inclusive.
7 $2.75 per 1,000 laths.
* 44 hours per week, June to August, inclusive,
s $2.50 per 1,000 laths.
10 Scale became 44 hours on June 1, 1917.
11 $2.25 per 1,000 laths.
12 $2 .0 0 per 1 ,0 0 0 laths,
is $3.50 per 1,000 laths,
n $2.30 per 1,000 laths,
is $4.50 per 1,000 laths.
16 $3.50 per 1,000 laths; scale became $4.00 on June 1,1917.
17 $3 per 1,000 laths; $3.25 per 1,009 laths requiring 5 nails; $4.50 per 1,000 hardwood laths.
i« And on Saturday after 4.30 p. m.
i® 4.5 cents per square yard; scale became 5 cents on June 1,1917.
20 $2.25 per 1,000 laths; scale became $2.50 on June 1,1917.
21 Scale became 60 cents on June 1, 1917.
22 $2.50 per 1 ,0 0 0 laths; scale became $3 on June 1,1917.
» D o not work on Sundays or holidays.




138

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.

LATHERS—C
ontinued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

191*.
For Hours—
Full d a y; SatPer
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week over­
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC— con clu d ed .

Scranton, Pa.:
Metal or w ood ...........
W o o d ..........................
Springfield, Mass.:
Metal............................
W o o d ..........................
Worcester, Mass.:
Metal............................
W o o d ...........................

May 15,1916.

Cents. Dolls.
60.0
C
1)

26.40

260.0
(3)
62.5
(4)

Regular
rati multi­
plied by—

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

Dolls.

li
1

2
1

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

26.40

2
2

2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

27.50

2
2

2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

62.5 27.50
(6) ...........

2
li

2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48

62.5
(5)

27.50

2
2

71.9

31.63

2

62.5
( 9)

27. 81

li
li

32
82

75.0
65.6

33.00
28.88

2
2

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

57.5

25.30

2

2

8 -4 -4 4

22.00

2

2

8 -4 -4 4

68. 8
60.0

30.25
26.40

2
2

(10)
(i°>

55.0
45.0
50.0

26.40
21.60
24.00

li
l|
li

62.5
50.0

27. 81
22.25

68.8

30.25
24.75

24.20

I -4 -44

56.3

24.75

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

56.3

24. 75

8 -4 -44

56.3

24.75

8 -4 -4 4

62.5

30. 25
27.50

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

66.3
56.9

29.15
25.03

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

2
2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

50.0

24.00

8 -8 -48

2
2

2
2

8 -41-44^
8 -4 i-4 4 i

55.0

24.48

8 -4J-441
8 -4J-44i

2
2

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

<)
&

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, M d........................
Charleston, S. C .....................
Washington, D. C.:
Metal or w o o d ....................
W o o d .....................................

n
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

2

12

8 -4 -4 4

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111...............................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Metal......................................
W o o d .....................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Metal or wood, first c la s s ..
Metal or wood, second clas;
Bes Moines, Iowa:
W ood, wire, or metal, first
class................................... .
W ood, wire, or metal, sec­
ond class.......................... .
Detroit, Mich.:
Metal or w o o d .................... .
W ood, second class. . . . . . . .
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Metal, first class.................
Metal, second class............
W o o d ....................................
Indianapolis, I n d .:
Metal or w o o d ....................
W o o d ....................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Metal.....................................
W o o d ....................................

50.0

1256.3

8 -41-441
8 - 4 1

68.8

(u)

1 $2.75 per 1,000 laths.
2 Scale became 62.5 cents on June 1, 1917.

8 $2.50 per 1,000 laths; scale became $3 per 1,000 for 4 nails to a lath, $3.25 for 5 nails to a lath on June
1,1917.
* $3.25 per 1,000 laths.
5 $2.50 per 1,000 laths,
fi $2.25 per 1,000 laths.
7 For S>undays no established rate,
s A n d on Saturday afternoons.
9 $3.50 per 1,000 laths.
“ D o not work on Sundays or holidays.
n $2.15 for 32-mch, $2.25 for 48-inch, $2.50 for hardwood laths per 1,000.

1 Scale becam 68.8 cen onJu e 1,1917.
2
e
ts
n




UNION SCALE .OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOE, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le

139

A .— U N IO N SC A LE O F W A G ES A N D H O U E S O F L A B O R IN E A C H
T R A D E , E T C .— C ontinued.
B U IL D IN G T R A D E S — C on tinu ed .
LA TH ER S—Continued.
Mos.

May 15,1917.

du r­
in g
year

Rate of wages—

end­

May 15,1916.
Rate of
w ages—

in g

May
Geographical division and
eity.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

: Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full d ay; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Sun­
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
Saturdays;
over­
Full week. half h our.
Full w eek.
and
fu ll
time.
holi­
time.
holi­
d ay
days.
pre­

vailed
NORTH CENTRAL— con clu d ed .

Milwaukee, W is.:
Metal, first class...................
W ood, second class.............
W ood, third class.................
Minneapolis, Mmn.:
Metal......................................
W o o d .....................................
W ood , first class..................
W ood , second class...........
Omaha, Nebr.:
W ood, wire, and m etal___
Peoria, 111.:
Metal......................................
W o o d .....................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Metal or w o o d ......................
W o o d .....................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Metal......................................
W ood, first class.......................
W ood, second class.............
W ichita, Kans.:
Me&al or w o o d ......................
Metal or w o o d ...........................

Cents. Dolls.

Reg ular
rate rnultiplied

56.3
53.1
46.9

24.75
23.38
20.63

2
2
2

62. 5
56.3
50.0
43.8

27.50
24. 75
22.00
10.25

1
J
14
ll
li

Cents. Dolls.

2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

-44
-44
-44
-44

1
1
1
1

56.3
50.0
43.8
37.5

27.00
24.00
21.00
18.00

8
8
8
8

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -44

-4
-4
-4
-4

12
12
12

-8
-8
-8
-8

-48
-48
-48
-48

70.0

30.80

2

2

8 -4 -4 4

12

168.8
162.5

30.25
27.50

2
2

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12

75.0
(2)

33.00

2
2

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12

68. 8

30.25

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

62.5
56.3
50.0

30.00
27.00
24.00

2
2
2

2
2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

*62.5

27.50

li

1
4

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12

50.0

li

(5
)

22.00
(5)

(5
)

2
2
2

2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
12

68.8

33.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

2
2
2
2
1

2
2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2

68.8

3a 25

8 -4 -4 4

li

8 -8 -4 8

2

2
is 2
it 2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

(4
)

(3
)

8 -4 -4 4

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex.:
Metal...................................... 75.0 33.00
W ood, pine.................................. (6
)
W ood, cypress....... .............. (2
)
Houston, T ex.:
Metal............................. .
75.0 33.00
W o o d .....................................
(9
)
Louisville, K y .:
Metal...................................... 52.5 23.10
(10)
W ood ......................................
Memphis, Tenn.:
W o o d ..................................... (“ )

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

C
O
(8
)

(*)

(5)

<*)

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont.:
Metal or w o o d ...................... 100.0
Metal....................................... (12)
W o o d ..................................... (14)

44.00

2
2

12
12
12

i

1 Scale became 71.9 cents on June 1,1917.
2 $3.50 per 1,000 laths.
3 $3 per 1,000 laths.
4 4 4 cents per yard for laths 48 inches long, ordinary work; 5 cents per yard for laths 32 inches long, 5«
nail work; 6 cents per yard for metal laths nailed on; 7 cents per yard ior metal laths stapled on.
s N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
« $4 per 1,000 laths.
7 $3.75 per 1,000 laths,
s $3.25 per 1,000 laths.
9 $3.15 per 1,000 laths.
10 $2.75 per 1,000 laths.
1 4 cents per square yard.
1
12 10 cents per square yard.
13 For holidays; for Sundays, regular rate.
1 7 cents per square yard.
4




140

B U L L E T IN

T a b le

OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
LA TH E R S —Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
Sun­
week For days
full over­ and
time. time. holi­
days.

Per
hour

w estern—

concluded.

Cents.
Denver, Colo.:
Metal or wood, first cla ss.. . 62.5
. Metal or wood, second class 56.3
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Metal and w o o d ................... 50.0
W o o d ...................................... C
1)
Portland, Oreg.:
Metal....................................... 75.0
W o o d ...................................... (3)
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Metal or wood, first class. . . 75.0
Metal or wood, second class 65.6
*
San Francisco, Cal.:
Metal or w o o d ...................... 75.0
Seattle, W ash.:
Metal or wood, first class. . . 75.0
Metal or wood, second class 75.0
W ood, third class................. 75.0
Spokane, W ash.:
Metal....................................... 62.5
W o o d ..................................... (3)

Dolls.

Regular
rate multivlied by—

May 15,1916.
R ate o f
wages—

Hours—
A
Full d a y; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour. week
full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

H ours—
Full d ay;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

27.50
24.75

li
li

li
li

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12 50.0
12, 43.8

22.00

li
li

2 '
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12

(2)

8 -4 -4 4

33.00
............

2
2

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12

62.5 27.50
C
1) ............

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

33.00
28.88

li
li

li
li

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12

62.5
56.3

27.50.
24.75

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

33.00

2

2

8 -4-44

12

30.00
30.00
30.00

2
2
2

2
2
2

8 -0 -4 0
8 -0 -4 0
8 -0 -4 0

<11
4 11
4 11

62.5
56.3
50.0

27.50
24. 75
22.00

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

27.50

2
2

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

12
12

60.0

26.40

8 -4 -4 4

!

22.00
19.25

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

M ARBLE SETTERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

5 68.8 30.25
665.0 28.60
68.8 333.00
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 33.00
70.0 30.80

Boston, Mass...........
Bridgeport, C on n ...
Buffalo, N. Y ..........
N ewark, N . J...........
N ew H aven. Conn..
N ew Y ork, N . Y . . .
Philadelphia. P a . . .
Pittsburgh, P a ........
Rochester, N. Y ___
Scranton, P a ...........
Springfield, Mass.. .

2
2
li
2
2
2
li
li
9li
li
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
82
2
2
2

*8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
4 44
8— —
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48

-4 -44
-4 -44

12
12
3
12
12
12
12
12
12

-4 -44

12

68.8

30.25

8 -4 -4 4

68.8 W80.94

io 8 -5 -4

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

68.8
68.8
68.8

M H n ta , Gd............
Baltimore, M d.......
W ishington, D. C.

33.00
30.25
30.25

li
1|
li

2
»2
2

8 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12

71.9
63.8
68.8

31.63
30.25
30.25

1 li
1
li
li

82
82
82

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12
12

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111......................
Cincinnati, Ohio.............
Cleveland, O h io..............




1 $2 per 1,000 laths.
2 $1.75 per 1,000 laths.
3 $3 per 1,000 laths.
4 Full holiday on Saturdays, 1 m onth.
6 Scale becam e 71.9 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
6 Scale becam e 70 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
i 44 hours and $30.25 per week June to August, inclusive,
s A nd on Saturday afternoons.
9 D ouble tim e after midnight.
10 44 hours and $39.25 per week, N ovem ber to March, inclusive.
1 D ouble tim e after 10 p. m .
1

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.

141

T able A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.— Continued.
BUILDING TRAD ES— Continued.
M A R BLE SE TTE R S—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year

May 15,1917.

R ate of
wages—
ing
May
15,
1917,
For Hours—
Full d a y; Sat­
Sun­
Per
‘ For
Saturdays; urday Per
over­ days
Full week. half hour. week
full
time. and
holi­
time.
holi­
day
days.

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

May 15,1916.

end­

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

pre­

vailed
NORTH CENTRAL— conclu ded.

Davenport, Iow a, Moline,
and R ock Island, 111...........
Des Moines, Iow a....................
Detroit, Mich............................
Grand Kapids, M ich...............
Indianapolis, In d .....................
Kansas City, M o......................
Milwaukee, W is .......................
Minneapolis, Minn..................
Omaha, N ebr...........................
St. Louis, Mo............................
St. Paul, M inn.........................

Cents. Dolls.
68.8 30.25
77.5 34.10
68.8 1 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 * 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
68.8 33.00

Heg\ular
rate ni,ulti~
'plied t y n

Cents. Dolls.

2
14
14
2 14
1£
2
11
li
If
l|

2
2
2
82
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
l 8
8
8
8
8
4g
8
8
8

-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-8

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-48

12
12
9
12
12
12
12
5
12
12

2
32
2
32
2

8
8
8
8
8

-4
-4
-4
-4
-4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12

-8
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4

-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12

75.0

33.00

8 -4 -4 4

68.8

30.25

8 -4 -4 4

65.0

28.60

8 -4 -44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la....................
Dallas, T e x ...............................
Houston, T e x ..........................
Louisville, K y .........................
New Orleans, L a .....................

68.5
68.8
68.8
68.8
62.5

30.14
30.25
30.25
30.25
27.50

li
li
2
14
»14

100.0
68.8
68.8
68.8
7 62.5
68.8

48.00
30.25
30.25
30.25
27.50
30.25

14
14
14
14
14
li

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont..............................
Denver, C olo............................
Portland, Oreg........................
Salt Lake, U ta h ......................
San Francisco, Cal..................
Seattle, W ash ..........................

14
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8

M ARBLE SETTERS’ HELPERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass............................ 8 35.0
N ew York, N. Y ..................... 43.8

14
2

15.40
19.25

2
2

8 -4 -44
9 8 -4 -44

12
12

40.6

17.88

8 -4 -44

32
2
32

8 -4 -4 4
8 -5 -45
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
12

42.5

18.70

8 -4 -4 4

14
14

27.5

12.10

8 -4 -44

14
14

2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12

37.5

16.50

8 -4 -4 4

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111............................... 45.0
Cincinnati, Ohio...................... 31.3
St. Louis, Mo........................... n35.0

19.80
14.06
15.40

io

WESTERN.

San Francisco, Cal................ . 1 37.5
2
Seattle, W ash.......................... 43.8




16.50
19.25

1 48 hours and $33 per week, Decem ber to February, inclusive.
2 D ouble tim e after 7 p. m .

8 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
4 48 hours and $33 per week, October to A pril, inclusive.
6 D ouble tim e after midnight.
• For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
» Scale becam e 68.8 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
8 Scale becam e 42.5 cents on June 1,1917.
9 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
Double tim e after 10.20 p. m .
h Scale became 37.5 cents on June 1, and 40 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
w Scale becam e 43.8 cents on Sept. 1,1917.

142

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
MOSAIC AND TERRAZZO WORKERS.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

oars—
For HF ull d a y; A
Sat­
Per
Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
Per week overFull week. half hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.

N ew York, N. Y ..................... 59.4
Philadelphia, Pa.:
First class.............................. 46.0
Second class.......................... 40.0
Third class............................ 34.0

Regular
rate rnultU
plied

26.13

li
1|
li

30.25
25.00
28.56

li
li
li

Cent*. Dolls.
8 -4 -4 4

12

56.3

24.75

8 -4 -44

a -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
12

41.0
35.0
29.0

18.04
15.40
12.76

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

8 -4 -4 4
2 9 - 5 -59
8 -8 -48

12
12
0)

( 3)

8 -0 -40
8 -4 -44
6 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

4 12
12
3
12

60.5

24.20

8 -0 -40

46.9 7 22.50

7 8 -8 -48

8143c.
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
38 - 4 - 4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

2
2
2
2
2
52

13 9 -8 -53

2

20.24
17.60
14.96

Hours—
F ull d a y;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

12

12
12

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111............................... 68.8
Cincinnati, O hio...................... 50.0
Detroit, Mich............................ 59.5

2
li
li

( 3)

PAINTERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass. ........... .............
Bridgeport, C onn.................
Buffalo, N . Y ............................
Fall R iver, Mass......................
Manchester, N . H ....................
Newark, N .J ............................
N ew H aven, Conn. I ...............
N ew Y ork, N . Y .:
Manhattan, Bronx, Kings,
and R ich m on d ____ _____
Queens...................................
Independent u n ion .............
Philadelphia, P a ......................
Pittsburgh, P a .........................
Providence, R . I ......................
Rochester, N . Y ......................
Scrantofl, P a ............................
Springfield, M a s s .._________
W orcester, Mass.....................

62.5 25.00
50.0 22.00
50.0 624.00
41.0 18.04
37.5 18.00
50.0 22.00
45.5 20.00
62.5
62.5
50.0
45.0
€5.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

27.50
27.50
22.00
19.80
28.60
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00

36.1
43.8
25.0
45.0
37.5
1456.3

19.50
21.00
12.00
21.60
18.00
24.75

2

2

li
li

52

l|
li
2
2
2
2
2
li

li
1 l|
0
li
li

ii 1^
12 l i

2
2
2
2
2

12
12

46.9
40.9

20.63
18.00

*
8 _4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

50.0

22.00

8 -4 -44

42.5
58.1
45.5

18.70
25.58
20.02

8 -4 -44

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

45.0

i9.80

8 -4 -4 4

45.5

20.02

8 -4 -44

37.5

33.3

18.00
18.00

139 . 3 - 5 3
8 -8 -4 8

37.5
30.6
50.0

18.00
16.50
22.00

8 -8 -48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, G a.......... ...................
Baltimore, M d..........................
Charleston, S . C ........ .............
Jacksonville, Fla......................
R ichm ond, V a .................. .
Washington, D . C ...................

li
li

if
1 li
1
li
li

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

12

1 A nd on Saturdays after 5 p. m .
2 Scale becam e 44nours on A ug. 1,1917.
^ N o seale in effect on M ay 15,1916.
4 Full holiday on Saturdays.
6 A n d on Saturday afternoons.
« 44 hours and $22 per week, June to August, inclusive.
7 44 hours and $20.63 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* Rate, in cents, per hour.
9 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
10 Double tim e after m idnight a n d on Saturday afternoons.
1 Double tim e after m idnight.
1
1 Double tim e after 9 p. m ., and on Saturday afternoons,
2
i* W ark 53 hours, paid for 54.
Scale became 62.5 cents <m Sept. 1,1917.




9 _9 -54

8 -4 -44

143

U N IO N SCALE OP W AGES A N D H O U E S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.

PAINTERS—C
oncluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end-

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

May

mi
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
For days
Per week over­
Full week. half hour. weak
hour. full time. and
full
holi­
time.
time.
h oli­
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH CENTRAL.
Cents,

Chicago, 111................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................
Cleveland, O h io .......................
Columbus, O h io.......................
Davenport, Iowa, Moline and
R ock Island, 111....................
Des Moines, Iow a....................
D etroit, M ich............................
Indianapolis, I n d ....................
Grand R apids, M ich...............
Kansas City, M o......................
Milwaukee, W is ......................
Minneapolis, Minn..................
Omaha, N ebr............................
Peoria, 111..................................
St. Louis, M o............................
St. Paul, Minn....................
W ichita, K ans..........................

May 15, 1916.

Dolls.

72.5
55.0
*55.0
50.0

31.90
24.20
24.20

55.0
50.0
60.0
55.0
50.0
60.0
55.0
55.0
62.5
55.0
62.5
55.0
50.0

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

24.20

12
22
<2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
i2
2

22.00
22.00
26.40
24.20
24.00
26.40
24.20
24.20
27.50
24.20
27.50
24.20
24.00

8
8
58
8

-4
-4
-4
-4

Cents. Dolls.

-44
-44
-44
-44

8 -4
8 -4
8 -4
8 -4
8 -8
8 -4
8 -4
5 8 -4
8 -4
8 -4
8 -4
8 -4
8 -8

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

-44
-44
-44
-44
-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-48

50.0
50.0
37.5
50.0
55.0
50.0

30.80

8 -4 -44

21.60

70.0

8 -8 -4 8

22.00
22.00
18.00

; -4 -44
! -4 -44
! -8 -48

22.00

8 -4 -44

24.20

! -4 -44
;
-44

22.00
22.1

_4

-48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la..
Dallas, T ex .............
Houston, T e x ....... .
L ittle R ock, A r k ..
Louisville, K y ____
Memphis, Tenn___
Nashville, T e n n . -.
N ew Orleans, La -.

50.0
60.0
60.0
55.0
50.0
60.0
40.0
40.0

22.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-4
-4
-4
-4
-8
-4
-8
-8

-44
-44
-44
-44
-48
-44
-48
-48

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
58

26.40
26. 40
24.20
24.00
26.40
19.20
19.20

-4
-4
-8
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4

-44
-44
-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

45.0
50.0
53.1

21.60

22.00
23.38

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

52.5

23.10

8 -4 -44

55.0
43.8

24.20

8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48

62.5

27.50

5 -4 -44

56.3
56.3

24.75
24.75

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

65.5

26.20

8 -0 -4 0

W ESTERN.

Butte, M ont.................
Denver, C olo................
L os Angeles, Cal..........
Portland, O reg............
Salt Lake City, U tah .
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, W ash...............
Spokane, W ash...........

81.3
62.5
50.0
50.0
75.0
62.5
65.0
62.5

35.75
27.50
24.00

22.00

33.00
27.50
28.60
27.50

21.00

PA IN TE R S: Fresco.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass............................
Fall R iver, Mass......................

67.5
50.0

27.00
22.00

2
• li

2
2

8 -0 -40
8 -4 -44

8 12
12

1 A n d on Saturday afternoons.
2 A nd on Saturday afternoons; work on Labor Day, Christmas, and July 4 prohibited.
8 Scale became 60 cents on July 1,1917.
* W ork on Labor D ay prohibited.
6 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
6 D ouble tim e after midnight.
* Double tim e after m idnight and on Saturday afternoons.
8 Full holiday on Saturdays.
®Double time after 10 p. m.




144
T a b le

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.— Continued.

B U IL D IN G T R A D E S— Continued.
P A IN T E R S : Fresco—Concluded.
Mos.
M ay 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full da y; Sat­
Full day;
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
Per week
over­
F ull week. half hour. full
F ull week.
and
time.
holi­
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC— concluded.

New Y ork, N . Y .:
Manhattan, Bronx, Kings,
a n d R i c h m o n d ______

Cents. Dolls.

It egular
rate inultiplied b y 2
2
2

62.5
62.5
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0

27.50
27.50
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00

Charleston, S .C ....................... 50.0

24.00

U

26. 40
24.20
24.20

11
11

Qijfiens - .................... ..........
Union C ................. ...............
Philadelphia. Pa......................
Springfield,- Mass.....................
W orcester, Mass.......................

1143c.
2
2
H 2
211
2
3U « 2

8
8
8
8
8
8

-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12
12

Cents. Dolls.
56.3

24.75

8 -4 -44

45.5

20.02

8 -4 -44

50.0

22.00

8 -4 -44

68.8
62.5

30.25
27.50

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

2

8 -8 -48

*2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12
12

8
8
8
8

12
12

NORTH CENTRAL.

Cincinnati, Ohio....................... 60.0
Indianapolis, I n d ..................... 55.0
St. Paul, M i n n ................................ 55.0

U

2

*2

WESTERN.

B utte, M on t..............................
Los Angeles. Cal.......................
Salt Lake City, U ta h .............
Seattle, W ash............................

81.3
62.5
75.0
71.3

35.75
30.00
33.00
31.35

2

H
11
2if

2

U
U

2

-4
-8
-4
-4

-44
-48
-44
-44

12

PA IN TE R S: Sign.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass............................
Bridgeport, Conn.....................
Buffalo, N. Y ...........................
New Y ork, N . Y .: Manhat­
tan, Bronx, and R ichm ond
Philadelphia. P a .....................
Pittsburgh, P a ............ ............
Rochester, N . Y
.Springfield, Mass. . . .
Worcester, Mass......................

62.5
62.5
75.0

25.00
30.00
33.00

62.5 27.50
56.3 24.75
70.6 31.08
50.0 8 24.00
50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00

2
2 11
11
2

H

11
11
2 1*

2
11
2

8 -0 -40
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

6 12
12

50.0
62.5

24.00
27.50

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

U43C.

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
68 - 4 - 4 4
88 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
3

43.8

19.25

8 -4 -4 4

12
12

45.5

20.02

8 -4 -4 4

2
2
2
2

*2

(7
)

(7
)

(7
)

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago 111
.
. . .
Cincinnati Ohio
Cleveland/O hio:
Giades 1 and 2
Grade 3 ...................................
Detroit, M ich ...........................
Grand Rapids, M ich...............

75.0
65.6

33.00
28.88

2
11

2

2

8 -4 -44
8 — —
4 44

12
12

75.0
60.0
68.8
56.3

33.00
26.40
30.25
24.75

11
11
11
11

2
io 2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
68 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
12
5

1 Rate, in cents, per hour, limited to 7 hours.
2 Double tim e after m idnight,
a Double time after 9 p. m .
* A nd on Saturday afternoons.
® Full holiday on Saturdays.
8 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.




55.0 24.20
8 -4 -4 4
62.5 27.50
8 -4 -4 4
(7)
(7)
(7)
7 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
8 44 hours and $22 per week, June to August, in­
clusive.
» Double tim e after 9 p. m.
io W ork on Labor Day prohibited.

145

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1911.

Table A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRA D E S— Continued.

PAINTERS: Sign—C
oncluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

NORTH CENTRAL—concluded.
Indianapolis, Ind ...................
Kansas City, M o ...................
Milwaukee, W is.....................
R oadm en.............................
Minneapolis, M inn................
Omaha, N ebr..........................
Peoria, 111................................
St. Louis, M o.........................
St. Paul, M inn.......................

For
Sun­
Per
For
Per week over­ days
hour. full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Cents. Dolls.

Rate of
wages—

H ours—
191$,
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

Cents. Dolls.

2
2
2
2
31§
2
2
2

62.5 27.50
75.0 33.00
62.5 27.50
52.5 2 23.08
62.5 27.50
60.0 26.40
65.0 28.60
75.0 33.00
62.5 27.50

May 15,1916.

56.3
70.0

27.00
30.80

1 8f-4J-48
8 -4 -4 4

56.3
55.0
55.0

56.3

27.00
24.20
24.20
30.25
27.00

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48

50.0
52.5

24.00
23.10

8 — —
8 48
8 -4 -4 4

62.5

30.00

8 -8 -48

62.5

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

27.50

8 -4 -4 4

60.0 26.40
60.0 1^26.40
60.0 26.40

8 -4 -4 4
158 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

68.8

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Birmingham, A la ..................
Dallas, T e x .............................
Louisville, K y ........................
Memphis, T enn..................... .

56.3 4 24.75
62.5 « 30.00
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50

< 8 -4 -4 4
6 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

12

WESTERN.
Butte, M ont............................
Denver, Colo...........................
Los Angeles, Cal....................
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City, U tah............
San Francisco, Cal.................
Seattle, W ash.........................

81.3
67.5
62.5

16.5
02
6 .8
8
u8
6 .8
75.0

35.75
32.40
27.50
27.50
33.00
30.25
33.00

2
9it

8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

it
»n
»ii

12

62.5

PLASTERERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

70.0
1365.0
1*65.0
65.0
60.0
75.0
65.0
75.0

Boston, Mass............
Bridgeport, C on n ...
Buffalo, N. Y ..........
Fall River, M ass.. .
Manchester, N. H . .
Newark, N. J ...........
New Haven, C on n ..
New York, N. Y . . .

28.00
28.60
28.60
28.60
26.40
33.00
28.60
33.00

2
2
2

H
• li
2
2
2

2
2
2
14
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

-0 -40
-4 -44
-4 -44
-4 -44
8 -4 - 4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
ic s -4 -4 4

1 12
2
12
9
12
12
12
12
12

70.0
60.0

1 8 hours per day, 48 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
2 Also board and traveling expenses.
* For holidays, double time.
* 48 hours and $27 per week, October to A pril, inclusive.
&A n d on Saturday afternoons.
8 44 hours and $27.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
» Double tim e after 1 a. m.
« Double tim e after m idnight and on Saturday afternoons.
8 Double tim e after midnight.
1 Scale became 68.8 cents on June 1,1917.
0
1 Scale became 75 cents on July 16,1917.
1
12 Full holiday on Saturdays.
is Scale became 70 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
n Scale became 70 cents on May 21.1917.
1 48 hours and $28.80 per week, N ov. 15 to Mar. 15, inclusive.
5
1 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
8

62373°—19-




-Bull. 245— 10

30.80
26.40

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

146

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES —Continued.

PLASTERERS— ontinued.
C
May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For
Sun­
Per
For
Per week over­ days
hour. full
and
tim e. time. holi­

days.

NORTH ATLANTIC—concluded.

Cents. Dolls.

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full d ay;
Full d ay; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week.
F ull week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

*1*
2

22
2
2
2
2
2
2

8 -0 -40
8 -4 -44
8 -0 -40
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

li
7li
2

2
2
2
2
2

9 -8 -53
8 -4 -4 4
6 9 -8 -53
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44

33.00
33.38
33.00
30.80

2
li
2
2

22
82
92
92

75.0
75.0
75.0
70.0
72.0
75.0
i3
65.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
1&75.0
i670.0
1762.5

33.00
33.00
33.00
30.80
32.01
33.00
28.60
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
30.80
27.50

2
2
2
1 li
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
li

2
2
2
2
2
12 2
2
2
14 2
2
2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

9 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

27.50
38.50

2
2

2
2

*12
12
311
12
12
12

Cents. Dolls.

8 -4 -4 4

62.5
87.5

Philadelphia, P a ...................
Pittsburgh, P a .......................
Providence, R . I ....................
Rochester, N . Y .....................
Scranton, P a ...........................
Springfield, Mass...................
Worcester, Mass.....................

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

70.0
75.0
68.8
70.0
65.0
70.0
65.0

28.00
33.00
27.50
30-. 80
28.60
30.80
28.60

545.0
68.8
40.0
56.3
70.0

23.85
30.25
21.60
27.00
30.80

75.0
75.0
75.0
1^70.0

2
4li
2
li

1
2

65.0

26.00

8 -0 -4 0

62.5
67.5

27.50
29.70

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

65.0

28.60

8 -4 -44

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -4 4

27.50

" 8 -4 -4 4

30.25
28.60

8 -4 -4 4
8 *4 -44

60.0

30.25
26.40
30.59

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

70.0

30. S

! -4 -44

(1)
8

(1 )
8

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, M d ___
Charleston, S. C . . .
Jacksonville, F la ..
Washington, D. C.

n

2

1
2
1
2

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111...............................
Cincinnati, O hio....................
Cleveland, O h io.....................
Columbus, O h io......................
Davenport, Iowa, R ock Is­
land and Moline, 111..........
Des Moines, Iow a .................. .
Detroit, M ich......................... .
Grand Rapids, M ich..............
Indianapolis, In d ....................
Kansas City, M o .....................
Milwaukee, W is......................
Minneapolis, M inn.................
Omaha, N ebr...........................
Peoria, 111................................ .
St. Louis, M o...........................
St. Paul, M inn........................
W ichita, Elans.........................

8 -4^
-44*

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

8 -4 -4 %
^4

68.8
65.0

68.8

SOUTH CENTRAL.
1 Double tim e after 11 p. m. and on Saturdays.
2 For Sundays; work on holidays prohibited.
* Full holiday on Saturdays.
4 Double tim e after 7 p. m. and on Saturday afternoons.
5 Scale became 50 cents on Sept. 3,1917.
« W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
i Double tim e after 8 p. m.
* For Sundays; work on holidays and Saturday afternoons prohibited.
® W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
io Scale became 75 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
ii Double tim e after 7.30 p. m.
12 W ork on July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas prohibited,
is Scale became 70 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
14 W ork on Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas prohibited.
I6 Scale became 81.3 cents on June 1,1917.
16 Scale became 75 cents on Sept. 17,1917.
17 Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1917.
is N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.




8 -4^-44

m

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOTJBS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .—

147

U N IO N SC A LE O P W A G ES A N D H O U R S O F L A B O R IN E A C H
T R A D E , E T C .— C ontinued.
BUILDING TRADES — Continued.
PLASTERERS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Rate of wageswages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
For Hours—day; 1917,
F ull day;
Full
Sat­
Per
Per
Sun­
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
Per week over­
F ull week.
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

SOUTH

cen tral—

concluded.

Houston, T e x ...........................
Little R ock, A rk .....................
Louisville, K y ..........................
Memphis, T en n .......................
Nashville, Tenn.......................
N ew Orleans, L a .....................

Cents. Dolls.
87.5
75.0
65.0
75.0
56.3
62.5

38.50
33.00
28.60
33.00
24.75
28.13

100.0
87.5
62.5
75.0
87.5
87.5

44.00
38.50
27.50
33.00
38.50
35.00

8 7 .5
8 7 .5

3 5 .0 0
3 8 .5 0

Reg ular
rate rnultiplied by—
2
?
2

f

Cents. Dolls.

2
22
2
2
2

i 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -5 -45

12
12
12
12
12
5

14

8 - 4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 - 4 -4 4
8 - 4 -4 4

12
12
12
12
12
4 12
4 12
12

62.5 227.50

a 8 -4 -44

50.0
50.0

22.00
24.00

8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48

75.0
75.0

33.00
33.00

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

if

I*
2
2
2
14

32

2
2
2
2
2
2

8 -0 -4 0
8 -0 -4 0
8 - 4 -4 4

75.0

33.00

8 - 4 -4 4

7 5 .0
7 5 .0

3 0 .0 0
3 3 .0 0

8 -0 -4 0
8-4-44

37.5

16.50

8 -4 -44

43.8

19.25

8 -4 -44

40.6
44.0

17.88
17.60

0000

WESTERN.

Butte, M ont...................... .
Denver, Colo.............................
Los Angeles, C a l........... ........
Portland, Oreg.........................
Salt Lake City, U tah.............
San Francisco, Cal..................
Seattle, W a s h . ...... .............
Spokane, W ash.......................

40.0

17.60

8 -4 -4 4

31:3

13.75

8 -4 -4 4

35.0
43.8

15.40
19.25

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

PLASTERERS’ LABORERS.

18.00
19.80
20.63
19.25
20.63
18.75
19.80
13.20
15.40

2 ®
2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2
814 2
11
1 2
4
n 35c.
2

22.00

1
4
1
4

16.50

14

8 -0
8 -4
8 -4
8 -4
8 -4

8 -0

8
8
8
8

-4
-4
-4
-4

412

12
12
12
12
«12
12
12
12
12

1 1
> &!£

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass........................... 545.0
Newark, N J ........................... 45.0
New Y ork , N. Y .:
Union A ............................... . 46.9
Union B , K ings................. .
Union C, Queens............... .
Philadelphia, P a ................... . 46.9
Pittsburgh, P a ..................... . ®45.0
Rochester, N. Y ...................... 1030.0
Scranton, P a .......................... . 35.0
Worcester, Mass.................... . 50.0
SOUTH ATLANTIC.

W ashington, D. C ..........

37.5

; -4 - 44

12

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111......... .
Cincinnati, Ohio..
Cleveland, O h io..
Detroit, M ich____

50.0
45.0
45.0
50.0

22.00
20.25
19.80

22.00

122
122
122

8 -4 -4 4
8 -5 -45
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

i W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
3 48 hours and $30 per week, October to March, inclusive.
» For Sundays; work on holidays prohibited.
* Full holiday on Saturdays.
* Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1917.
6 For Saturdays tim e and one-half.
7 Scale became 46.9 cents on June 1,1917.
s Double time after 11 p. m.
9 Scale became 55 cents on June 4,1917.
10 Scale became 36 cents on July 1,1917.
u Rate, in cents, for first hour; tim e and one-half until m idnight; double tim e thereafter,
i* And on Saturday afternoons.




148

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.— Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
P L A ST E R E R S ' LA B O R ER S—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
R ate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH CENTRAL— concluded.

Tndianapn]is, T*»d........... . . .
Kansas Cit.y M o.......... .........
Milwaukee, w i s .......................
Minneapolis, M inn..................
Peoria, 111..................................
St. Louis, M o............................

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

For Hours—day; 191*,
Full
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
Per week over­
Full week. half hour. full
full time. and
hour.
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.

Begular
rate 1nultir
plied by—
2 *
14
2
2
2

2

2
2
2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

n

2
2
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -5 -45
8 -5 -4 5

12
12
5
5

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 - 0 -4 0
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
12
12

45.0
50.0
42.5
50.0
2 43.1
3 56.3

19.80
22.00
20.20
22.00
18.98
24.75

25.0
42.5
28.3
28.3

11.00
18.70
12.75
12.75

68.8
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
62.5
62.5
50.0
62.5

30.25 4 105c. * 105c.
62
22.00
1£
if
2
22.00
1\
22.00
H
2
2
24.00
2
27.50
2
2
27.50
2
20.00
U
2
2
27.50

12
12

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

42.5
45.0
37.5
*” i2* 45.0
12 40.6
12

18.70
19.80
18.00
19.80
17.88

• 8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

30.0
38.0
22.5
32.5

13.20
16.72
10.80
15.60

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -4 8

43.8
56.3

19.25
24.75

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

56.3

24.75

8 -4 -4 4

50.0
56.3

22.00
24.75

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la....................
Louisville, K y ..........................
New Orleans, L a .....................
Tenders..................................

2
1*

n

WESTERN.

Butte, M ont..............................
Denver, C olo............................
Los Angeles, Cal......................
Tenders..................................
Portland. Oreg.........................
Salt Lake City, U ta h .............
San Francisco, Cal...................
Seattle, W a sh ...........................
Spokane, W ash........................

12
12
8 12
12

PLU M B ER S AND GAS FITTERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
2
8 -4 -44
2
12 65.0 28.60
Plum bers............................... 68.8 30.25
2
12 60.0 26.40
2
8 -4 -4 4
Gas fitters.............................. 65.0 28.60
2
12
Bridgeport. Conn..................... » 54.5 24.00 10 1
8 -4 -4 4
11 8 -8 -48
2
Buffalo, N. Y ........................... 62.5 30.00
3 56.3 1227.00
n
8 -4 -4 4
12
Fall River, Mass...................... 50.0 22.00
2
2
12
8 -4 -44
Manchester, N. I I ................... 1347.7 21.00
H
11
2
8 -4 -4 4
12
Newark, N. J . . . . ..................... 62.5 27.50
2
0
2
8 -4 -44
12
N ew Haven, Conn................... 1454.5 24.00 1 1
N ew Y ork, N . Y .:
Manhattan, Bronx, and
2
8 -4 -44
12
2
B rooklyn............................ 1668.8 30.25
Queens................................... 1662.5 27.50
8 -4 -4 4
12
2
2
12 53. i 23.38
8 -4 -44
2
2
R ichm ond.............................. 68.8 30.25
1 Double tim e after 7 p. m.
2 Scale became 45.6 cents on N ov. 1,1917.
8 Scale became 62.5 cents on June 18,1917.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour.
* Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holidays, $1.40 per hour.
* For Sundays; work on holidays prohibited.
* Double tim e after 10 p. m.
b Full holiday on Saturdays.
8 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 16,1917.
Double tim e after 6 p. m .
1 Scale became 44 hours on June 1,1917.
1
12 44 hours and $24.75 per week, June to August, inclusive,
i® Scale became 50 cents on July 1,1917.
n Scale became 59.1 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
i* Scale became 75 cents on July 2,1917.
i« Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1,1917.




8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
12 8 - 8 - 4 8

8 -4 -44

149

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOE, M AY 15, 1917.

Table A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.

PLUMBERS AND GAS FITTERS— ontinued.
C
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

1l
5
For Hours—day; 1917,
Full
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday
For
Per week over­ days
Full week. half Per week
hour. full time. and
hour. full
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

north atlantic—concluded.
Cents. Dolls.

Philadelphia, Pa:
U nion A ..............
Unions B and C.
Pittsburgh, P a ____
Providence, R . I . . .
Rochester, N. Y . . .
Scranton, P a ..........
Springfield, Mass. .
Worcester, Mass.:
Plumbers.............
Gas fitters...........

May 15, 1916.

56.3
56.3
75.0
62.5
59.4
353.8
* 59.1

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

2
2
12
2
»2

24.75
24.75
33.00
27.50
26.13
23.38
26.00

60.0. 26.40
5 40.9 18.00

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

50.0
43.8

22.00

68.8
56.3
56.3

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

56.3

24.75

8 -4 -44

50.0
43.8

24.00

21.00

-8 -48
-8 -48

62.5

68.8

27.50
30.25
27.00

1_4 -44

65.6
62.5
50.0
62.5

28.88
27.50

22.00
27.50

I -4
! -4
i -4
I _4

62.5
68.3
66.3

27.50
30,03
29.15

> -4 -44
; _4 _44
I _4 _44

66.3

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

19.25
30.25
24.75
24.75

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
44.4
56.3
50.0
62.5
50.0
8 56.3

24.00
24.75
24.00
30.00
24.00
24.75

75.0
65.6
1075.0
62.5
62.5

68.2

33.00
28.87
33.00
30.00
27.50
30.25
30.25
24.75
29.70
33.00
27.50
27.50
30.25
33.00
30.80
30.00

75.0
75.0
1*62.5,
62.5

33.00
33.00
27.50
30.00

75.0
81.3

Atlanta, G a ............
Baltimore, M d.......
Charleston, S. C ...
Jacksonville, F l a ..
Richm ond, v a ___
Washington, D. C .

33.00
35.75

«9
8
8
8
8
8

-8
-4
-8
-8
-8
-4

-53
-44
-48
-48
-48
-44

; _4
j -4
} _4
$ -8
5 -4
5 -4
\ -4
\-4
5 -4
J -4
5 -4
} -4
; _4
i -4
i -4
J -4

_44
-44
_44
-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
_44
-44
-44
-44

5 _4
$ -4
S -4
i -8

-44
-44
-44
-48

12

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, Til................................
Cincinnati, Ohio......................
Cleveland, O h io.......................
Columbus. O h io......................
Davenport, Io w a .....................
Des Moines, Iow a....................
Detroit, Mich............................
Grand Rapids, M ich...............
Indianapolis, In d .....................
Kansas City, M o......................
Milwaukee. W is ......................
Minneapolis, Minn..................
Moline, 111...............................
Omaha, Nebr............................
Peoria. I l l ..................................
R ock Island, 111.......................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Plumbers...............................
Gas fitters..............................
St. Paul, M inn.........................
Wichita, Kans..........................

68.8

U8
6 .8
56.3
67.5
75.0
62.5

16.5
82

68.8
75.0
70.0

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
i2
i2
U
2
12
li

2
2
i2

n

56.3

1 _4 _44
1 -8 -48
-44
-44
-44
_44

29.15

8 -4 -44

60.*6‘ 25*20

*8*-8*-48

33.00

8 -4 -44

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Birmingham, Ala..
Dallas, T ex.............




'li

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12

75.0

lA nd on Saturday afternoons.
2 Double time on Saturday after 8 p. m.
s Scale became 56.3 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
* Scale became 61.4 cents on July 1,1917.
6 Scale became 54.5 cents on June 1,1917.
6 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
* Double tim e after midnight.
8 Scale became 62.5 cents on June 4,1917.
* Time and one-half on Saturday from noon to 5 p. m.
Scale became 81.3 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
ii Scale became 75 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
is Double time after first hour.

i* Scale becam 68.8 cents on July 1,1917.
e

150

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.— Continued.
BUILDING TRADER—Continued.
PLUMBERS AN D GAS FITTERS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Sun­
Saturdays;
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
F ull week.
over­
Full week. half hour. full
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. fun
time.

so u th central—

concluded.

Houston, T e x ...........................
L ittle R ock, A r k .....................
Louisville, K y ........... ..............
Memphis, Tenn........................
Nashville, T en n .......................
N ew Orleans, L a .....................

Cents. Dolls.

75.0
68.8
60.0
62.5
&50.0
56.3

33.00
30.25
26.40
30.00
23.50
27.00

100. 0
75.0
62.5
75.0
75.0
81.3
81.3
75.0

48.00
33.00
30.00
33.00
33.00
35.75
35.75
33.00

Regular
rate rnuttiplied by—
2
i 2

2

2
2
32
2
*2
2

8
8
8
8
5s
8

-4
-4
-4
-8
-7
-8

-44
-44
-44
-48
-47
-48

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
li

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-8
-4
-8
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4

-48
-44
-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

\\

4li

12
6
12

Cents. Dolls.
62.5 227.50

28 -4 -4 4

WESTERN.

8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48

75.0
75.0
62.5

33.00
33.00
27.50

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

31.0

16.74

» 9 -8 -53

16.50

8 -4 -44

O

26.40

8 -4 -44

§ ci

OO

12
12
12
12
12

27.50
27.00

37.5

12

62.5
56.3

§

Butte, M o n t ......... .................
Denver, C olo............................
Los Angeles, Cal......................
Portland, Oreg.........................
Salt Lake City, U tah............
San Francisco, Cal...................
Seattle, W ash ..........................
Spokane, W ash........................

22.00
16.20

8 -4 -44
* 9 -8 -53

SHEET-METAL WORKERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Building work..............
Railroad sh o p s...........
Bridgeport, Conn...........
Buffalo, N. Y ..................
Fall River, Mass.............
Manchester, N . H ..........
Newark, N. J...................
N ew Haven, Conn.:
Building work..
N ew Y ork, N . Y .:
Manhattan, B ronx, Brook­
lyn , and Queens...............
R ichm ond.............................
Philadelphia, P a .....................
Pittsburgh, P a .........................

60.0 26.40
734.0 18.36
54.5 24.00
n>50.0 H24.00
43.8 19.25
34.4 16.50
62.5 27.50

2
14
9 14
i2 14
2
14
2

24.00
17.00

2
14

54.5
1331.5

2
14
2
2
2
14
2

8
s9
8
u8
8
8
8

2

8 -4 -44
s 9 -8 -53

14

-4
-8
-4
-8
-4
-8
-4

-44
-53
-44
-48
-44
-48
-44

12

12

8 -4 -44
2
1414
- 8 -4 -44
50.0 24.00
2
2
50.0 22.00
8 -4 -44
2
4 14
8 -4 -44
2
14
1 Tim e and one-half on Saturday afternoons.
2 48 hours and $30 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
3 A nd on Saturday after 5 p. m.
4 Double tim e after midnight.
* Seale became 56.3 cents and 44 hours, on June 1,1917.
• A nd on Saturday afternoons.
7 Scale became 37 cents on June 1, 1917.
8 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
9 Double tim e after 6 p. m.
m Scale became 53.1 cents on Sept. 1, and 56.3 cents mi Nov. 1, 1917.
1144 hours and $22 per week, June to August, inclusive.
12 Double tim e after 9 p. m.
1 Scale became 34.5 cents on June 1,1917.
3
1 Double time after m idnight and on Saturday afternoons,
4
i* Scale became 70 cents on June 1,1917.




62.5
62.5
56.3
1560.0

27.50
27.50
24.75
26.40

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44

151

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b le

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRAD ES — Continued.
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R S —Continued.

May

15,1917.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For
Sun­
i For days
full over­ and
time. time. holi­
days.
Per

Per
hour.

NORTH ATLANTIC—concluded.

week

Cents. Bolls.

Providence, R . I ...................... 52.0
Rochester, N. Y ...................... 2 50.0
Scranton, P a ...................
450. 0
54.5
Springfield, Maas............
Worcester, Mass...................... 50.0

22.88
22.-00
22.00
24.00
22.00

Reg ufar
rate rrmUiplied by—
f li
l
2i
* li

2
2

2
2
2

May

15, 1916.

Rate of
wages—

A

Hours—
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays; urday Per week
Fu ll week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

Cents. Dolls.

12 50.0 22.00
12
12 46.9 20.63
12
12 44.3 19.50

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays,
Full week.

-4 -44
-4 -44
8 -4 -44

8
8

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Building w ork .. . .
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road A ,
forem en.......................
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road G ___
Baltimore, M d.........................
Jacksonville, Fla.—Railroad
shops............... ...............
Richm ond, Va.:
Building work____
Railroad shops, roads A
and C..................
Railroad shops, road B ___
Washington, D. C ...................

33.3
38.0
40.0
41.0
42.0
645.0
39.5
41.9
32.0
36.0
8 56.3

5 16.67
20.52
21.60
22.14
29.40
21.60
21.33
20.11
17.28
19.44
25.03

Chicago, 111.:
Building work
70.0
Shopm en............................... 60.0
A utom obile shopmen.......... 52.8
50.0
Cincinnati, Ohio...............
Cleveland, O h io....................... 1060.0
Columbus, O hio. .
37.5
Davenport, Iowa, Moline
1240.0
and R ock Island, III
Des Moines, Iow a ................... 57.5
Detroit, Mich............................ 60.0
Indianapolis* Ind.:
Building work...................... 57.5
Railroad shops, road B ___ 35.0
Railroad shops, road C ....... 1437.5

30.80
26.40
26.11
24.00
24.60
18.00
1319.20
25.30
26.40
25.30
18.90
23.63

n

2

5

s 9 - 5 -50
9-9-54
9-9-54
li
9-9-54
li
10 -10 -70
li
2
8-8-48
9-9-54
li
2
8-8-48
9-9-54
li
9-9-54
li
2 8 - 4£-44£

12 50.0 22.25

2
2
2
2
2

12
12
12
12

li

n
li
li
li
li
li
li
li
li

40.0 19,20
(7)

8 -8

(7)

-44

(7)

8

-4£-44£

NORTH CENTRAL.




2
9li
9li
li
1 li
1
li

1h

11 l i
li

li

2
2

2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

9 - 4|-49|
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48
13 8 - 8 -48
8-4-44
8 -4 -4 4

57.5
50.0
50.0
50.0

25.30
24.75
22.00
22.00

3
12 55.0 24.20
11 50.0 24.00
12 55.0 24.20
31.5 17.01
34.5 21.74

8 -4 -4 4
2
li
9 -9 -5 4
li
li
9-9-63
li
li
1 D ouble tim e after 9 p. m.
2 Scale became 56.3 cents on July 2, 1917.
3 Double tim e after midnight, and on Saturday after 8 p. m.
4 Scale became 53.1 cents on Sept. lr 1917.
6 54 hours and $18 per week, July to January, inclusive.
« Scale became 50 cents on July 1, 1917.
* No scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
8 Scale became 62.5 cents on A ug. 1,1917.
9 Double time after 10 p. m. and on. Saturday afternoons.
10 Scale became 65 cents on May 21, and 70 cents, on Oct. 1 , 1917.
u Double time after midnight.
12 Scale became 55 cents and 44 hours,on June 15, 1917.
is 44 hours and $17.60 per week, July to September, inclusive,
14 Scale became 47 cents on July 16,1917.

8 -4 -44
9 -4^-49i
8 -4 -44
8-4-44
8 -4 -44

8 - 8 -48
8 -4 -44
9 -9 -54
9 -9 -63

152

BULLETIN OS’ THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.

SHEET-METAL WORKERS— ontinued.
C
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

For Hours—day; m i ,
Full
SatSun­
Per
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week over­
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH CENTRAL—concluded.
Kansas City, Mo.:
Building work......................
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road D ___
Railroad shops, read E ___
Railroad shops, road E,
n ight...................................
Railroad shops, road F ___
Railroad shops, road H ___
Railroad shops, road I ........
Milwaukee, W is.:
Building w ork......................
Railroad shops, car depart­
m ent...................................
Railroad shops, locom otive
department........................
Minneapolis, Minn..............
Omaha, Nebr............................
Peoria, 111..................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Building w ork......................
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road C.......
Railroad shops, road F ___
Railroad shops, road G ___
Railroad shops, road H ___
St. Paul, M inn........................
W ichita, Kans.........................

May 15, 1916.

Cents. Dolls.
i 62.5
42.5
39.5
40.0

27.50
20.40
18.96
21.55

40.0
38.0
40.0
40.0

23.20
20.14
21.60
21.60

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
2U

li
li
li

8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
< 9 -8 -5 3

li
li
li

li
li
li
li

»2

Cents. Dolls.

5 9$-9§-58
< 9' -8 -53
9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54

if
li
li

H

12
37.0
37.0
37.0

17.76
17.76
19.94

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
< 9 -8 -5 3

37.0
35.0
37.0
38.0

22.20
18.85
19.98
20.52

5 9§-9§-58

50.0

24.00

18 - 8 - 4 8

28.0

11.20

8 -0 -40

< 9 -8 -5 3
9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54

52.5

25.20

6l i

2

78

8 30.5

16.17

li

li

9 9 - 8 -53

1033.5
1250.0
50.0
1350.0

17.09
24.00
22.00
22.00

li

li

5

31.0

12.40

8 -0 -40

12
10

42.5
45.0

18.70
21.60

8 -4 -44

32

n 9 -5 -50
12 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

8 -8 -48

62.5
39.0
H40.0
1542.0
1642.0
52.5
1738.0
1550.0
56.3

27.50
21.06
<21.55

2

8 -4 -44

12

60.0
36.0
37.0
37.5
37.0

26.40
19.44
19.94
20.25
19.98

8 -4 -44
9 -9 -5 4
* 9 - 8 -53
9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54

28.0
45.0
50.0

15.09
21.60
24.00

* 9 - 8 -53

39.0

21.06

9 -9 -54

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -44

6 1§

2

li
li

li

li
li
li
li
li

-8 -48

Hours—
Full d ay;
Saturdays;
Full week.

27.00

2li
•1J

2
2

-9 -54
- 8 -53
_ 9 -54
-9 -54
-8 -48
- 8 -53
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48

2 2 .0 0

6li

2

8 -4 -44

12

22.14
25.38
21.87
30.14
27.50

li
li
li

li
li
li

9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12

2 2 .6 8
2 2 .6 8

25.20
20.48 .
2 2 .0 0

li
li
li
li

2

2

li

li

9
<9
is 9
9
8
<9

3

12

8 -8 -48
8 - 8 -48

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Building work...................... 50.0
Railroad shops, roads B,
E ,a n d F ............................ 41.0
Railroad shops, road C....... 47.0
Railroad shops, road D ___ 40.5
Dallas, T ex ............................... 68.5
Houston, T e x .......................... 1862.5

«li
li

2

32

1 Scale became 65 cents on June 5, 1917.
2 D ouble tim e after m idnight and on Saturday afternoons.
3 A n d on Saturday afternoons.

< W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.

6 W ork 58 hours, paid for 60.

e Double tim e after midnight.
7 44 hours per week, June 15 to Sept. 15, inclusive,
e Scale became 40 cents on June 13,1917.
» W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
10 Scale became 41 cents on June 13,1917.
11 W ork 47 hours, paid for 48, October to April, inclusive.
12 Scale became 56.3 cents and 44 hours on June 1,1917.
13 Scale became 57.5 cents on June 18,1917.
14 Scale became 50 cents on June 27, 1917.
is Scale became 52 cents on July 1,1917, and 48 hours on Sept. 1, 1917.
i» Scale became 47 cents on June 1,1917.
it Scale became 46 cents on June 1,1917; rate to increase 1 cent per hour per m onth until rate is o 2 cents,
is Scale became 6 8 .8 cents on Aug. 1, and 75 cents on Dec. 1,1917.




153

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.— Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
SH E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R S —Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

SOUTH

For
Sun­
Per
Per week For days
over­
hour. full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

c e n t r a l — concluded.

L ittle R ock, A rk.:
Building work......................
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Louisville, K y „. „. r r - . . . r ■
Memphis, Tenn.:
Building wnrlr , ___
Railroad shops.....................
Nashville, T en n .......................
New Orleans, L a .....................

Cents. Dolls.
60.0
38.5
2 41.0
3 47.5

28.80
20.75
22.09
20.90

53.1
42.5
30.0
M 5.0

25.50
22.95
14.40
19.80

li
li
2

‘ li
li
14
< li

2
li
li
2

Rate of
wages—

Hours—
A
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Reg'ular
rate *nultiplied
li
li
* lf

May 15,1916.

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
8 -8
i 9 -8
i 9 -8
8 -4
8
9
8
8

-8
-9
-8
-4

-48
-53
-53
-44

52.5

i 9 -8 -53
8 -4 -44

24.00
21.60

8 -8 -48
9 -9 -54

40.0

19.20

8 -8 -48

56.3
42.0
42.0
42.0

24.75
20.16
20.16
20.16

8
8
8
8

56.3

24.75

8 -4 -44

44.0
68.8
62.5

21.12
30.25
27.50

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

56.3

27.00

8 -8 -48

50.0
50.0

3

8 -8 -48

20.48
19.80

50.0
40.0

12

-48
-54
-48
-44

25.20

38.0
45.0

24.00
24.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont..............................
Denver, Colo.:
Building work......................
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road C.......
Los Angeles, Cal......................
Portland, O res.........................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
B uilding w ork......................
Railroad shops.....................
San Francisco, Cal...................
Seattle, W ash ...........................
Ship yards.............................
Spokane, W ash........................

62

87.5

38.50

li

8 -4 -44

12

62.5
7 43.5
50.0
7 43.5
56.3
65.6

27.50
20.88
24.00
20.88
24.75
28.88

* li
li
li
li

2
ii
li
li
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8

-4
-8
-8
-8
-4
-4

-44
-48
-48
-48
-44
-44

12

62.5
9 45.5
75.0
68.8
i«59.0
65.6

27.50
21.84
33.00
30.25
28.32
31.50

ii
ii
2
-1 *
2
li

62
li
2
2
2
li

8
8
8
8
8
8

-4
-8
-4
-4
-8
-8

-44
12
-48
-44 * 'i 2 *
-44
12
-48
-48

12
12

-4
-8
-8
-8

-44
-48
-48
-4 8

S H IP CARPENTERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

B oston ..................................... . 56.3
New Y ork ................................. H53.1
Philadelphia, P a ................... . 49.0

27.00
25.50
23.52

2
2
12 1J

2
2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

(18)

(13)

(13)

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Charleston, S. C........................ 39.7

21.45

2

2

u 9 -5 -50

12

22.00
24.75

2
2

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12

30.00
30.00

2
2

2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

33.3

18.00

H 9 -5 -50

50.0
56.3

24.00
27.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

NORTH CENTRAL.

St. Louis, Mo.:
Inside..................................... 50.0
O u tsid e................................. 56.3
■WESTERN.

Portland, Oreg......................... 62.5
Seattle, W ash............................ 62.5

1 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 m in­
utes.
2 Scale became 50 cents on June 27, 1917.
a Scale became 50 cents on July 2, 1917.
4 Double time after m idnight.
6 Scale became 50 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
e A nd on Saturday afternoons.
7 Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1917.




8
Double tim e after m idnight and on Saturday
afternoons.
» Scale became 52 cents on June 1,1917.
w Scale became 68.8 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
n Scale became 56.3 cents on June 1,1917.
12 Double tim e after 10 p. m.
i* No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
n W ork 50 hours, paid for 54.

154

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— U N I O N

SCALE OF W AG ES A N D H O U R S
T R A D E , E T C . — C o n t in u e d .

OF

LABOR

IN

EACH

BUILDING TR AD ES— Continued.
SLATE AND TILE ROOFERS.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
R ate of
year
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
F or
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
over­ and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Cents. Dolls.

Bridgeport, Conn.....................
Buffalo, N. Y ............................
Newark, N. J . ..........................
New Haven, Conn......... .........
New York, N. Y .....................
Philadelphia, P a .....................
Pittsburgh, P a .........................
Providence, R . I .....................
Scranton, P a ...........................

156.3
55.0
68.8
62.5
68. 8
62. 5
3 62.5
52.0
46.9

Regular
rate tnultiplied b y -

2

Cents. Dolls.

53

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -4 8

50.0 6 24.00
62.5 27.50

n

2
( 7)

6 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

3
12

72.5 31.90
»50.0 22.00
80.0 35.20
62. 5 930.00
1262.5 27. 50
52.5 1425.20
75.0 33.00

2
li
li
io i f
1 li
3
1 li
6
li

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
9 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
1 8 -8 -48
4
8 -4 -4 4

12
4
12
4
12
3
12

50.0 1824.00
70.0 30.80

is 8 _g _48
8 -4 -4 4

62.5

27. 50

8 -4 -4 4

56.3 2027 . 00
43.8 19. 25

2 8 -8 -48
0
8 -4 -4 4

24.75
26.40
30.25
27.50
30.25
27.50
27.50
22.88
22.50

H
?

n
ii

2
(2)
2
2
2
42

12
12
12
12
12
12
12

56.3
60.0
50.0
40.6

24.75
26. 40
22.00
19.50

8
8
8
8

-4
-4
-4
-8

-44
-44
-44
-48

56.3

25.03

8 -44-44*

70.0

30.80

8 -4 -44

70.0 33.60
50.0 H24.00

8 -8 -48
n 8 -8 -4a

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, M d .........................
Washington, D. C................
NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111...............................
Cincinnati, Ohio................
Cleveland, O h io.......................
Detroit, Mich................
Kansas City, M o......................
M ilwaulv.ee, W is....... ...........
St. Louis, M o......... ..................
SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, T ex...........................

68.8

30. 25

‘M i

2

8 -4 -44

12

San Francisco, Cal............. ..... 62.5

27.50

li

2

8 -4 -4 4

12

WESTERN.

STEAM FITTERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass...........................
Bridgeport, Conn....................
Buffalo, N. Y ............................
Fall River, Mass......................

1762.5
1854.5
62.5
50.0

27.50
24.00
30.00
22.00

2
10 i
15 i i

2“

2
2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
1 8 -8 -48
9
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
3
12

1 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 15, 1917.
2 Do not work on Sundays or holidays,
s Scale became 65 cents on June 1, 1917.
« W ork on July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas prohibited.
5 .Double tim e after 8 p. m .
e 45 hours and $22.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
7 For Sundays, July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas, double time; for other holidays, tim e and one-half.
8 Sc-aie became 60 cents on June 1, 1917.
9 44 hours and $27.50 per week, May to August, inclusive.
10 Double tim e after 6 p. m.
n 44 hours and $22 per week, May to August, inclusive.
12 Scale became 65 cents on June 5, 1917.
13 Double tim e after m idnight and on Saturday afternoons.
14 44 hours and $23.10 p>er week, June 16 to Sept. 15 inclusive,
is Don bio time after midnight.
16 44 hours and $22 per week, June 16 to Sept. 15, inclusive.
17 Scale became 68.8 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
is Scale became 62.5 cents on July 16, 1917.
i» Scale became 44 hours per week on June 1, 1917.
20 44 hours and $24.75 per week June to August, inclusive.




155

UNION SCALE OF WAGES ANI> HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.

Table A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.

STEAM FITTERS—C
ontinued.
May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

N R HAL NIC concluded.
OT TA T —
Manchester, N. H ...................
Newark, N. J ..........................
New Haven, Conn_...............
New Y ork, N. Y ......, ............
Philadelphia, P a ...................
Pittsburgh, P a ...... ................
P rovidence. R . I....................
Rochester, N. Y .......................
Scranton, P a .......................
Springfield, Mass...............
W orcester, Mass.............. ..

Cents. Dolls.
47.7

68.8

21.00

154. 5
368.8
456.3
75.0
8 55.0
59.4
56.3
9 54.5

30.25
24.00
30. 25
24. 75
33.00
24.20
26.13
2&. 75
24.00

10 4 7 .7

24.00
27.00
24.00
30.00
24.00
27.50

Regular
rale multi­
plied bp—

li

2
21
2
2
2
2
7 li
2“

21.00

44.4
56.3
50.0
62.5
50.0
62.5

For f e ;
| O4tuS
?T r
tlm \h
c' olird y
a s-

S UHA L NIC
OT TA T
Atlanta, G a..................
Baltimore, M d................
Charleston, S. C .............
Jacksonville, F la ............
R ichm ond, v a . . . . ........
W ashington, I). C .........

N R HC NR L
OT E T A.
Chicago, 111..........................
Sprinkler fitters..............
Cincinnati, Ohio................
Cleveland, O h io.......................
Columbus, O h io......................
I>es Moines, Iow a..................
Detroit, Mich..........................
Grand Rapids, Mich.............
Indianapolis, In d ..................
Sprinkler fitters.................
Kansas City, Mo....................
Sprinkler fitters.................
Milwaukee, W is .....................
Sprinkler fitters.................
Minneapolis, Minn................
Omaha, Nebr.........................
Peoria, 111................................
Sprinkler fitters.................

33.00
35.20
27. 50
. 30.25
62.5 30.00
30.25
1668.8 30. 25
56.3 24. 75
'867.5 29.70
56.3 24. 75
75.0 33.00
30. 25
1959. 4 26.13
62.5 27.50
2062.5 27. 50
75. 0 33.00
66.3 29.15
50.0
75.0
80.0
62.5

68
8
68.8

U

1 li
2
1 li
4

n
n
2

2
2

1 li
5
15 i i
ii
i\
1 2"
7

“ i*

2
2
68.8
2
1 11
5
2
2
li
2"
22.00 2

2
2
2
2
2

1 2
3

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
Full week. half Per week
Full week.
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

-4
-4
-4
-4
_4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4

ii 0 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -S

Cents. Dolls.

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-41

-53
-48
-48
-48

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -41
-4
-4
4
-4
-8
-4
-4
-4

-41
-44
-44
-44
-48
-41
-41
-44
A -44
-4 -44
-1 -44
1 -44
-1 -44
-4 -44
-4 -44
4 -44
4 -44
4 -44

43.8
62.5
50.0

6.8
8

8 -8 -48
8 - 4 -44

22.00
22.00

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

30. 25

50.0
56.3 24.75
53.1 825.50

s8 -8 —
4a

21.00
12
12
12 !
12 ,
12 !

57.5

i -48

25.30

-4 -44

33.00
8
8
8
8
8

-8
-4
-4
-4
-4

-48
-44
-44
-44
-44

56.3
65.6
82.5
50.0
62.5

27.00
28.88
27.50

56.3

24.75

1 -4 -44

68.3

30*03

1

1 Scale became 59.1 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
a Double tim e after 6 p. m.
3 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1917.
« Scale became 62.5 cents on June 1,1917.
5 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
« Scale became 65 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
7 Double tim e after midnight and on Saturday after 8 p. m .
s 44 hours and $22.38 per week, June to August, inclusive.
9 Scale became 56.8 cents on July 17, 1917.
Jo Scale became 54.6 cents on June 1,1917.
u W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
12 Double tim e on Saturdays after com pletion of 8-hour day.
13 For Labor Day regular rate m ultiplied b y 4.
14 Double tune after midnight.
Double time after midnight and on Saturday afternoons.
16 Scale became 75 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
1 For first hour, single time.
7
is Scale became 68.8 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
1 Scale became 62.5 cents on Oct. 1, 1917.
9
20 Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1,1917.




21.00

27.50

22.00
27.50

-44

156

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— U N I O N

SCALE OP W AG ES A N D H O U R S
T R A D E , E T C . — C o n t in u e d .

OF

LABOR

IN

EACH

BUILDING TRAD ES— Continued.
STEAM FITTERS—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

n o r t h c e n t r a l —concluded.

For
Sun­
Per
For
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
tim e.
holi­
days.

Cents. Dolls.

St. Louis, M o............................ 75.0 33.00
St. Paul, M inn......................... i 62.5 30.00
W ichita, Kans.......................... 62.5 330.00

Reg ular
rate % nulti
plied
2 1h

2
n

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

Hours—
ilk
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

8 -4 -4 4

12

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

1 8 -8 -48

8 8 -8 -48

3

2
2
2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48

12
12
12
6
12
12
12

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

12
12

60.0

28.80

8 -8 -48

75.0

33.00

8 -4 -44

62.5 * 27.50

< 8 -4 -4 4

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la....................
Dallas, T e x ......................... .
Houston, T e x ...........................
Little R ock, A r k ...........
Louisville, K y .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memphis, T en n .......................
Nashville, T en n .......................
New Orleans, L a .....................

75.0
81.3
75.0
68.8
555.0
62.5
56.3
56.3

33.00
35.75
33.00
30.25
24.20
27.50
24.75
27.00

14
2
2
2
2
61
U
2

100.0
75.0
62.5
75.0
56.3
75.0
81.3
75.0
81.3
75.0

44.00
33.00
30.00
33.00
24.75
33.00
35.75
33.00
35.75
33.00

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
li

2

2
2

.2

50.0

24.00

8 -8 -48

62.5
56.3

27.50
27.00

8 — -44
4
8 -8 -48

75.0

33.00

8 -4 -44

75.0
62.5

33.00
27.50

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

25.0 1012.00

10 8 -8 -48

14.58
11.00
16.50
12.38
12.43

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont..............................
Denver, C ol..............................
Los Angeles, Cal......................
Portland, Oreg.........................
Sprinkler fitters...................
Salt Lake City, U ta h.............
San Francisco, Cal...................
Sprinkler fitters...................
Seattle, W ash...........................
Spokane, W ash........................

- 4 -44
- 4 -44

-8
-4
-4
-4
-4

-4
-4
-4

-48
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

12
12
12
12
12
12
12

STEAM FITTERS’ HELPERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass............................
Bridgeport, Conn.....................
Buffalo, N. Y ...........................
Fall River, Mass......................
Newark, N . J............................
New Haven, Conn...................
New York, N. Y .....................
Philadelphia. P a .....................
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers...




734.4
34.4
31.3
28.1
37.5
34.0
1 i 0.0
1
i3
32.5
32.5

15.13
15.13
15.00
12.38
16.50
14.96
17.60
14.30
14.30

2
81
*14
2
2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
122

2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
9 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
3
12
12
12
12
12
12

33.1
25.0
37.5
28.1
28.3

i Scale became 68.8 cents and 44 hours on July 1,1917.
a D ouble tim e after m idnight.
« 44 hours and $27.50 per week, June 15 to Sept. 15, inclusive.
« 48 hours and $30 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
» Scale became 60 cents on A ug. 4,1917.
• Double tim e after 6 p. m . and on Saturday afternoons.
? Scale became 42.5 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
* Double tim e after 6 p. m.
9 Scale became 44 hours on June 1,1917.
10 44 hours and $11 per w eek, June to August, inclusive,
u Scale became 42.5 cents on July 1,1917.
12 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
13 Scale became 37.5 cents on June 1,1917.

157

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 191*7.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STEAM FITTERS’ HELPERS— oncluded.
C
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH ATLANTIC— concluded.

R ate of
wages—

A
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
Per
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per
Per week
over­
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
Cents. Dolls.

43.8
231.3
31.3
31.8
430.7

31.3
37.5
43.8
35.0

17.60
13.86
15.13
15.13
14.85
16.50
15.13
13.75
15.13
13.75
13.75
16.50
19.25
16.80

40.0

17.60

46.9
37.5
37.5
“ 31.3
43.8
37.5
43.8

20.63
16.50
16.50
13.75
19.25
16.50
19.25

12
2
2
2
2

15.00
13.20

40.0
31.5
«34.4
34.4
33.8
37.5
34.4
31.3
34.4

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

19.25
13.75
13.75
14.00
13.50

31.3
30.0

Pittsburgh, P a . . .
Providence, R . I ..
Scranton, P a ........
Springfield, Mass.
Worcester, M a ss..

May 15, 1916.

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 ^4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

37.5

16.50

8 -4 -4 4

25.0
27.3

12.00
12.00

» 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

31.3
31.3

13.75
13.75

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

28.1

12.38

8 -4 -44

28.1
36.3
37.5

12.38
15.95
16.50

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

16.50

8 -4 -44

43.8
31.3

19.25
13.75

l _4 _44
[ _4 - 4 4

37.5

16.50

5 -4 -44

37.5

16.'50

1 -4 *-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltim ore,'M d.......
Washington, D. C .

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44

12

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111..........................
Cincinnati, O hio.................
Cleveland, O h io.................
Detroit, Mich......................
Indianapolis, In d ...............
Kansas City, Mo......................
Sprinkler fitters' helpers. . .
Milwaukee* W is .......................
Sprinkler fitters* help ers...
Minneapolis, M inn.............
Omaha, N eb r.....................
Peoria, 111.............................
St. Louis, Mo......................
St. Paul, M inn...................

13.3
01

2
7n
2
2
2
2
1h
9Ih

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
i 8 -8 -48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, T e x .........
Louisville, K y ...
Memphis, T en n .

2

-4 -44
-4 -44
-4 -44

12.5 12.10 1 2
27
31
31.3 13.75

WESTERN.

B utte, Mont........................
Denver, C olo .......................
Portland, Oreg...................
Salt Lake City, U ta h .......
San Francisco, Cal.............
Sprinkler fitters7helpers...
Seattle, W ash.....................




8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4
-4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

1 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
2 Scale became 43.8 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
8 44 hours and $11 per week, June to August, inclusive.
4 Scale became 33 cents on June 1,1917.
* Double tim e on Saturdays after com pletion of 8-hour day.
6 For Labor D ay regular rate m ultiplied b y 4.
7 Double tim e after m idnight and on Saturday afternoons.
8 Scale became 40 cents on July 1,1917.
9 Double tim e after m idnight.
1 Scale became 35 cents on July 1,1917.
0
n Scale became 44 hours on July 1,19.17.
i* Scale became 30 cents on Aug. 4,1917.
13 Double tim e after 6 p. m., and on Saturday afternoons.
14 Scale became 37.5 cents on June 16,* 1917.

158

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
STONE MASONS.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
Sun­
For
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
holi­
tim e.
days.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass............................
Bridgeport, Conn.....................
Buffalo, N . Y ............................
F all R iver, Mass......................
Newark, N . J .« ........................
N ew Haven, Conn...................
N ew York, N. Y . . . . .............
Laying cem ent blocks and
dressed ston e.....................
Philadelphia, P a .....................
Pittsburgh, P a .........................
Providence, R . I .....................
Foundation w ork.................
Rochester, N . Y .......................
Scranton, P a .............................
Laying dressed ston e..........
Springfield, Mass.....................
Worcester, Mass.......................

Dolls.

75.0
60.0
65.0
70.0
50.0
70.0
60.0
65.0
70.0
65.0

Hours—
A
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

170.0 30.80
65.0 28.60
65.0 *31.20
65.0 28.60
75.0 33.00
560.0 26.40
®62.5 27.50

7
2

72
72
72
72

22.00

2

30.80
28.80
31.20
30.80
28.60

9
2
92

2
2

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
8
8
«8
8
8
8
8

33.00
26.40
28.60
30.80

Rate ol
wages—

-4
-4
-8
-4
-4
-4
-4

-44
-44
-48
-44
-44
-44
-44

65.0 28.60
60.0 26.40
55.0 426.40
60.0 26.40
70.0 30.80
55.0 24.20

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
4 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

24.20
27.50
28.60
19.80
29.70
24.00
28.80
28.60
24.20

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -1 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

9 -5 -50
8 -4 -44

50.0 i»25.00
62.5 H28.13

9 -5 -50
n 8 -5 -45

8 -4 -4 4
8 -5 -45
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

60.0
70.0

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-4 -44
-4 -44
-4 -44
-4 -44
-4 -44
-4 -44
-8 -4 8
-8 -48
-4 -44
-4 -44

55.0
62.5
65.0
45.0
67.5
50.0
60.0
65.0
55.0

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.............
Baltimore, M d........
W ashington, D . C .

60.0 30.00
62.5 27.50
70.0 1231.50

li

2
2

72

12 8 -5 -45

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111..........................
Cincinnati, Ohio.................
Cleveland, O h io .................
Concrete block work______
Columbus, O h io ......................
Davenport, Iowa, Moline and
R ock Island, 111...................
D etroit, Mich............................
Grand Rapids, M ich...............
Indianapolis, In d .....................
Kansas City, M o......................
Milwaukee, W is.......................
Minneapolis, Minn..................
Omaha, N eb r...........................
Peoria, 111..................................
St. Louis, M o............................
St. Paul, M inn.........................
W ichita, Kans..........................

75.0
65.0

W5
7 .0
60.0
70.0

33.00
29.25
33.00
26.40
30.80

75.0 33.00
75.0 1433.00
70.0 30.80
70.0 30.80
62.5 27.50
72.5 31.90
70.0 1730.80
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
70.0 30.80
65.0 31.20
62.5 27.50

2

72
72
72
72

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

72

8 -4 -4 4
14 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
1 8 — -44
6
4
1 8 -4 -44
7
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44

27.00
30.80

8-4-44
8-4-44

65.0 28.60
70.0 15 30.80
65.0 28.60

1 8 -4 -4 4
5

67.5
L70
8
65.0 1 28.60

8 -4 -44
1 8 -4 -44
8

i Scale became 75 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
• Scale became 70 ceats on Sept. 1,1917.
•44 hours and f 28.60 per week, June to August, inclusive.
4 44 hours and $24.20 per week, June to August, inclusive.
6 Scale became 65 cents on N ov. 1,1917.
• Scale became 67.5 cents on July 15,1917.
7 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
s Double tim e after 7 p. m. and on Saturday afternoons.
» A nd on Saturday after 5 p. m.
K 53 hours and $26.50 per week, October to April, inclusive,
>
u 44 hours and $27.50 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
12 44J hours and $31.15 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive,
is Scale became 80 cents on June 1,1917.
14 48 hours and $36 per week, December to February, inclusive,
is 48 hours and $33.60 per week, December to February, inclusive.
16 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
17 48 hours and $33.60 per week, October to A pril, inclusive.
“ 48 hours and $31.20 per week, October to A pril, inclusive.




8 -5 -45
8 -4 -4 4

159

U N IO N SCALE OP W AGES ANI> H O U E S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

T able A .—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRA D E S— Continued.

STONE MASONS— oncluded.
C
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la....................
Dallas, T ex ...............................
Houston, T e x ...........................
Sewer work............................
Little R ock, A r k .....................
Louisville, K y ..........................
Laying dressed ston e..........
Nashville, T en n .......................
New Orleans, L a .....................

Dolls.
70.0
87.5
87.5

100.0
87.5
60.0
65.0
60.0
62.5

2
2
2
2
i2
12
2
2
i2

48.00
33.00
33.00
27.50
35.75
38.50

li
2
4 1J

Rate o f
wages—

Hours—
A
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
F ull week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by-

30.80
38.50
38.50
44.00
38.50
26.40
28.60
26.40
27.50

May 15,1916.

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
12
12
5
12
12
12
12

.
.
.
.
62.5 227.50

* 8 -4 -4 4

.
.
.

WESTERN.

Butte, M ont..............................
Denver, C olo............................
Portland, Oreg.........................
Salt Lake City, U ta h .............
Seattle, W ash ...........................
Spokane, W ash........................

100.0

75.0
75.0
62.5
581.3
87.5

n

2
i2

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -4 4

75.0
75.0

33.00
33.00

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

62.5

27.50

8 — —
4 44

68.8

30.25

8 -4 -44

STRU CTU RAL-IRO N W O R K E RS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

68.8 30.25
662.5 27.50
762.5 830.00
972.5 31.90 .
662.5 27.50

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
4
12
12

29.15

11

2

8 ~4 -44

12

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -44

68.8 30.25
70.0 30.80
70.0 30.80
68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
62.5 1 30.00
3
68.8 30.25

2
ii l i
1 u
2
2
li
li
2

2
2
i2
2
2
14 2
2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

12
12
12
12
12
4
12

66.3
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5

29.15
26.40
27.50
27.50
27.50

8
8
8
8
8

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -4 4

oc
1
0
0

2
li

2
12
2
2
12

«>66.3

2
li

0
0
3

Boston, Mass...........................
Bridgeport, Conn....................
Buffalo, N . Y ..........................
Newark, N. J..........................
New Haven, Conn................. .
New Y ork, N. Y .:
Brooklyn and Q u een s.___
Manhattan, B ronx, and
R ichm ond........................ .
Philadelphia- P a ....................
Pittsburgh, P a .......................
Providence, R . I ....................
Rochester, N . Y .....................
Scranton, P a ..........................
Worcester, Mass....................

8 -4 -44

-4
-4
-4
-4
-4

-44
-44
-44
-44
-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.............
Baltimore, M d.......
R ichm ond, V a .......
W ashington, D . C .




12
8 -4 -44
12
li
i2
8 -4 -44
12
li
12
8 -4 -44
12
1£
12
8 -4 -44
12 62.5 27.50
li
1 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
2 48 hours and $30 per week, October to April, inclusive.
3 Double tim e after midnight.
4 Double tim e on holidays.
6 Scale became 87.5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
6 Scale became 68.8 cents on June 1,1917.
7 Scale became 65 cents on June 1,1917.
8 44 hours and $28.60 per week, June to September, inclusive.
9 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1917.
10 Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1,1917.
1 Double tim e after first hour.
1
12 Double tim e from 6 p. m. to 7 a. m.
1 44 hours and $27.50 per week, June to September, inclusive.
3
** A nd on Saturday afternoons, June to September, inclusive.
62.5
62.5
62.5
70.0

27.50
27.50
27.50
30.80

8 -4 -44

160

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRA D E S— Continued.
STRUCTURAL-IRON WORKERS—C
oncluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
tim e.
holi-

NORTH CENTRAL.

Cents, Dolls.

Chicago, 111.............................. >69.0 230.36
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
65.0 28.60
Cleveland, O h io .....................
80.0 35.20
Columbus, O h io..................... 760.0 26.40
Davenport, Iowa, Moline
and R ock Island, 111.......... 62.5 27.50
Des Moines, Iow a..................
62.5 9 30.00
Detroit, M ich.......................... H5
6 .0 28.60
Indianapolis, In d ...................
75.0 33.00
Kansas City, Mo....................
30.25
Milwaukee, W is ..................... 62.5 i<27.50
Minneapolis, M inn................. lfi62.5 27.50
Omaha, N ebr..........................
1730.25
62.5 27.50
Peoria, 111................................
St. Louis, M o ......................... 70.0 30.80
62
St. Paul, M inn....................... 16 .5 30.00

68.8

68.8

2
.2

52
52

81* 6
2
2
ii 2
2 &
li 122
1 52
4
15 1$
2
H 2
151| 2
15 1J
2
3 14
2
2
3 14

Rate of
wages—

Hours—
191*,
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays; urday Per
week
Full week. half
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by-

}li

May 15,1916.

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
28 - 4 - 4 4
8 -4 -44
68 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
9 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
13 8 -4 -44
-4 -44
i< 8 -4 -44

8
1 8 -4 -44
6
1 8 -4 -4 4
7

68.0
62.5
70.0

429.92
27.81
30.80

56.3 1027.00

8 -8 -48

70.0

8 -4 -4 4 *

30*86'

65.0 1828.60

8 -4 -4 4

S -4 -44

16 s -8 -48

4 8 -4 -4 4
8 -44-444
8 -4 -4 4

67.5

29*70

is 8 -4 -44

’ ** * 4 ^ 4
81 * 4 ’

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la..................
Dallas, T e x ..............................
Houston, T e x .........................
Reinforced concrete...........
Louisville, K y ........................
Memphis, Tenn......................
N ew Orleans, L a ...................

62.5
67.5

26 .5
12
56.3
60.0
65.0
62.5

27.50
29.70
27.50
24.75
26.40
28.60
27.50

1 14
9

22
02
2
2
II 52
31 2
4

3II
14

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

22.00

WESTERN.

Butte, M ont............................
Denver, C olo..........................
Los Angeles, Cal....................
Portland, Oreg.......................
Reinforced concrete...........
Salt Lake City, U ta h ...........
San Francisco, Cal.................
Seattle, W ash.........................
Reinforced concrete...........
Spokane, W ash......................
Reinforced concrete...........




2 7 .O
25
70.0
50.0
70.0
62.5

68.8
75.0
75.0
62.5
75.0
62.5

36.00
30.80
24.00
30.80
27.50
30.25
33.00
33.00
27.50
33.00
27.50

14

52

2

52
52

1614
1 6 14

2
2
2
2

16il 52
ii

52

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

62.5
56.3
62.5

27.50
24.75
27.50

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

62.5
56.3
62.5
56.3

27.50
24.75
27.50
24.75

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

1 Scale became 70 cents on May 31,1917.
2 48 hours and $33.60 per week, December to March, inclusive.
3 Double tim e after 7 p. m. ana on Saturday afternoons.
4 48 hours and $33.12 per week, December to March, inclusive.
* A nd on Saturday afternoons.
• W ork 7 hours, paid for 8, when working 3 shifts.
7 Scale became 65 cents on July 1,1917.
8 D ouble tim e after 2 hours.
9 44 hours and $27.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
!< 44 hours and $24.75 per week, June to August, inclusive,
>
n Scale became 70 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
12 W ork on Labor D ay prohibited.
13 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
14 48 hours and $30 per week, N ovem ber to A pril, inclusive.
16 Double tim e after 7 p. m .
16 Scale became 68.8 cents and 44 hours on June 1,1917.
17 48 hours and $33 per week, Novem ber to A pril, inclusive.
18 48 hours and $31.20 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
19 Double time after m idnight.
20 Triple tim e for Labor Day.
2 Scale became 67.5 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
1
22 Scale became 87.5 cents on Oct. 1,1917.

UNION SCALE OF WA^ES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le

161

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.— Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
STRUCTURAL-IRON WORKERS: Finishers.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of w agesGeographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

A

For Hours—
Full day; SatPer
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week
over­
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NOBTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass..........
Bridgeport, C onn..,
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Newark, N. J ......... .
New Haven, Conn.
N ew Y ork, N. Y . . .
Philadelphia, P a . . .
Pittsburgh, P a ____
Providence, It. I .. .
Rochester, N. Y ___
Scranton, P a ..........
Worcester, Mass

May 15, 1916.

Dolls.

68.8

27.50
27.50
27.50
30.80

70.0
59.0
80.0
1 65.0
3
75.0

62.5
70.0
5»62.5

30.80
25.96
35.20
28.60
33.00
30.25
i«27.50
1827.50
1930.25
27.50
30.80
30.00

Louisville, K y .......................... 60.0
New Orleans, L a ..................... 62.5

2
22
2
2
22
2
2
22
2
2
io 2
2

30.25
27.50
330.00
31.90
27.50
29.15
30.80
28.60
30.25
30.25
930.00
30.25

62.5
62.5
62.5
70.0

Regular
rate multi­
plied by-

26.40
27.50

1 6 2 .5
3 7 2 .5

462.5
162.5
666.3
70.0
765.0
62.5

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

Cents. Dolls.
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
38 - 8 - 4 8
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 4 4
8 -4 -44
9 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -4 4

68.8

30.25

8 -4 -4 4

62.5
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5

27.50
26.40
27.50
27.50
27.50

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -4 4

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -4 4

56.3
70.0

25.03
30.80

8 -4 i-4 4 i
8 -4 -4 4

70.0

30.80

8 -4 -44

65.0 1628.60

i« 8 -4 -44

67.5

29.70

8 -4 -44

50.0

22.00

8 -4 -4 4

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, G a............
Baltimore, M d.......
R ichm ond, V a .......
W ashington, D. C.

1 -4
1 _4
1 _4
I _4

-44
_44
-44
-44

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111...........
Cincinnati, O hio..
Cleveland, O h io. .
Detroit, Mich........
Indianapolis, Ind .
Minneapolis, Minn.,
Omaha, N ebr...........
Peoria, 111.................
St. Louis, M o...........
St. Paul, M inn........

68.8

62.5
162.5

68.8

2
22
2
2
12
4
22
li
2
1H
7
2
li
2
1 li
7
1 li
7
1114
2
1 li
7
2
un

li
2
2
1*

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12g - 4 - 4 4
8 -4 -44
168 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
is8 -4 -44
1 8 -4 -44
8
1 8
9
8
8
20 8

-4
-4
-4
-8

-44
-44
-44
-48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

I _4 _44
[ _4 -44

i Scale became 68.8 cents on June 1,1917.
* A nd on Saturday afternoons.
3 Scale became 65 cents on June 1; 44 hours and $28.60 per week, June to September, inclusive.
« Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1917.
« Scale became 68.8 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
6 Double tim e after first hour.
? Scale became 70 cents on June 1,1917.
b Double tim e from 6 p. m. to 7 a. m.
» 44 hours and $27.50 per week, June to September, inclusive,
i® And on Saturday afternoons, June to September, inclusive.
ii Double tim e after 7 p. m. and on Saturday afternoons,
i* W ork 7 hours, paid for 8, when working 3 shifts.
is Scale became 70 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
n W ork on Labor Day prohibited.
is W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
io 48 hours and $30 per week, No\ ember to April, inclusive.
17 Double tim e after 7 p. m.
is 48 hours and $30 per week, September to April, inclusive. Scale became 44 hours on June 1,1917.
is 48 hours and $33 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
Scale became 68.8 cents and 44 hours on June 1,1917.

62373°—19— Bull. 245-




-11

162

B U L L E T IN

T a b le

OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BU ILDING T R A D E S— Continued.
S T R U C TU R A L-IR O N W O R K E R S : Finishers—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate o f
Rate of wagesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day;
F ull day; Sat­
Per
Per
Sun­
For
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week over­ days
Full week.
Full week. haK hour. full
hour. full
and
holi­
time.
time. time. holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

WESTERN.

Cents. Dolls.

Denver, Colo.............................
Los Angeles, Cal......................
Portland, Oreg.........................
Salt Lake Citv, U ta h .. . . ___
San Francisco, C a l ................. ;
Seattle, W ash ...........................

70.0
50.0
70.0
68.8
62.5
75.0

30.80
24.00
30.80
30.25
27.50
33.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
li
2U
in

2
*14

12
2
2
2
2
2

Cents. Dolls.
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

12

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -4 4

12
12
12
12

62.5
62.5

27.50
27.50

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -4 4

45.0

19.80

8 -4 -4 4

43.8
45.0
45.0
34.4
45.0

19.25
19.80
19.80
15.13
19.80

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

35.0

15.40

8 -4 -4 4

35.0
40.0

15.58
17.60

8 -4i-44i
8 -4 -4 4

33.3

18.00

9 -9 -54

STRUCTURAL-IRON W O R K E R S: Finishers’ helpers.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass...................
Bridgeport, Conn...........
Buffalo, N. Y ..................
Newark, N. J ..................
New Haven. Conn.........
New Y ork, N. Y ............
Philadelphia, P a ............
Pittsburgh, P a ...............
Rochester, N. Y .............
Worcester, Mass.............

50.0 22.00
440.0 17.60
&35.0 «16.80
<50.0 22.00
<40.0 17.60
747.5 20.90
50.0 22.00
947. 5 20.90
37.5 16.50
50.0 22.00

2

2
i2
2
2
12
2
2
12
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
6 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
4
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

2

li
H

2

li

n

8H
*>li
li

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

31.3
H37.5
35.0
40.0

13.75
16.50
15.40
17.60

li
li
li
li

12
12
12
i2

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12
12
12

37.5
45.0
40.0

16.50
19.80
17.60

1!
2
2.

12
2
2

1 8 - 4 -44
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

12
12
12

Memphis, Tenn..............

35.0

15.40

11
3%

2

8 -4 -44

12

San Francisco, Cal.:
Inside.......................
Outside....................

37.5
37.5

18.00
16.50

2
2

2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

12

Atlanta, G a.....................
Baltimore, M d................
Richm ond, V a ................
W ashington, I). C..........
NORTH CENTRAL.

Cincinnati, Ohio.............
Cleveland, O h io.............
Detroit. Mich..................
SOUTH CENTRAL.




1 And on Saturday afternoons.
2 D ouble tim e after 7 p. m .

* Double time after midnight.
« Scale became 55 cents on June 1,1917.
6 Scale became 40 cents on June 1,1917.
fi 44 hours and $17.60 per week, June to September, inclusive.
7 Scale became 50 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
s Double time after first hour.
• Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1917.
1 Double time after 6 p. m.
0
1 Scale became 43.8 cents on July 1,1917.
1
W ork 7 hours, paid for 8, when working 3 shifts,
is Double time after 7 p. m. and on Saturday afternoons.

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

Table

16$

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.

TILE LAYERS.
Mos.
May 15. 191G.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
v/ages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
over­ and
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
■city.

P
er

hour.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Per
week
fo il
time.

Cents. Dolls.

60.0

30.00
30.25
228.80
30.25
33.00
29.70
28.60
27.50
26.40
26.40

Baltimore,. M d......................... 56.3
Washington, D. C ................... 662.5

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

27.00
27. 50

Boston, Mass............................
Bridgeport, Conn....................
Buffalo, N. Y ...........................
Newark, N. T............................
New York, N. Y .....................
Philadelphia, P a .....................
Pittsburgh, P a ........................
Providence, R . I ......................
Rochester, N. Y ......................
Scranton, P a ............................

75.0

68.8
60.0
68.8
75.0
67.5
65.0
62.5
60. 0

2
3ii
2
2

H
li
n
*U
ii

2
2
2
2
«2
2
2
2
2

8 -0 -4 0
8 -4 -4 4
2 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
58 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

1 12
12
3
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

Cents. Dolls.
30.25

8 -4 -4 4

27.50
30.25
28.60

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

57.5

25.30

-4 -44

50.0
56.3

24.00
24.75

8 -8 -48
•8 -4 -44

68. 8 30.25
60.0 2 28.80

2 8 -8 -48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

-8 -48
-4 -44

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111...............................
Cincinnati, Ohio......................
Cleveland, O h io......................
Des Moines, Iow a....................
Detroit, Mich...........................
Grand Rapids, M ich...............
Indianapolis, Tnd....................
Kansas City, M o......................
Milwaukee, W is ......................
Minneapolis, Minn..................
Omaha, Nebr...........................
St. Louis, M o...........................
St. Paul, M inn........................

33.00
30.25
28.60
31.63
. >30.25
62.
27.50
. 3a 25
33.00
75.
28.60
65.
. i 30.25
71. < 31.63
. 3a 25
. J 30.25
75.

6.
8

765.
71.

6
8
6
8

68
08
6
6
8

ii
ii

i2
2
4
2

2

U 2
n 2
3ii 2
9 ij
2
ii 42
2
li
2
9li
2
li 4
42
li

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
88 - 4 - 4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44

8 -4 -44

62.5

27.50

8 -4 -44

65.6
68.8

28.88
30. 25

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

65.6

28.88

8 4 -44

27.50

-4 -44

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, T e x ............................... 75.0
Little R ock, A r k ..................... 62.5

36.00
27.50

311
li

-8 -48
-4 -44

12

WESTERN.

100.0

Butte, M ont.............................
Denver, C olo............................ 70.0
Los Angeles, Ca]...................... 1156.3
Portland, Oreg........................
Salt Lake City, U ta h .............
San Francisco, Cal.................. 75.0
Seattle, W ash.......................... 75.0

68.8
68.8

48.00
30. 80
27.00
33.00
30.25
33.00
36.00

li
9n

31
|
H
f
31i

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-8
-4
—
8
-8
-4
-4
-8

-48
-44
—
48
-48
-44
-44
-48

I Full holiday on Saturdays.
8 44 hours and $26.40 per week, June to August, inclusive.
3 Double tim e after m idnight.
4 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
6 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
6 Scale became 68.8 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
7 Scale became 75 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
8 48 hours and $33 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
9 Double tim e after midnight and on Saturday afternoons.
w Scale became 71.9 cents on June 1 and 75 cents on N ov. 1,1917.
II Scale be3ame 62.5 cents on Aug. 15,1917.




164

B U L L E T IN

T a b l e A .— UNION

OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Concluded.
TILE LAYERS’ HELPERS.
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
over­
Full week. h a lf hour. full
Full week.
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Cents, Dolls.

Boston, Mass............................
Bridgeport, Conn.....................
Buffalo, N. Y ...........................
Newark, N . J............................
New York, N. Y .....................
Philadelphia, P a .....................
Pittsburgh, P a .........................
Providence, R . I ......................
Rochester, N. Y ......................
Scranton, P a ............................

*41.3 16.50
41.3 18.15
31.3 } 15.00
40.6 17.88
40.6 17.88
40.5 17.82
37.5 16.50
34.4 15.13
31.3 13.75
30.0 13.20

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

2
2

8 -0 -4 0
8 -4 -4 4
38 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
78 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

2
U
li
li

4 li

a12

12
3
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

Cents, Dolls.
16.50

8 -4 -4 4

30.0 5 14.40
37.5 16.50

68 -8 -4 8
8 -4 -4 4

37.5

39.0
36.3

17.60
15.95

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

30.0

13.20

*8*-T 44
^

25.0

11.00

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Washington, D. C ................... 31.3

8 -4 -44

13.75

12

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111..................
Cincinnati, Ohio.........
Cleveland, O h io.........
Des Moines, Iowa.......
Detroit, Mich..............
Grand Rapids, Mich..
Indianapolis, In d .......
Kansas City, M o.........
Milwaukee, W is .........
Minneapolis, Minn___
Omaha, Nebr..............
St. Louis, M o..............
St. Paul, M inn...........

Denver, C olo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, W ash..............




43.8 19.25
37.5 16.50
s»34.4 15.13
40.6 17.88
37.5 H16.50
31.3 13. 75
35.0 15.40
37.5 16.50
37.5 16.50
34.4 15.13
40.0 17.60
1337. 5 16.50
34.4 15.13

37.5
31.3
40.6
34.4
37.5
42.4

u

i*
li
i§
ii
i§
4ii
121|
U
n
12li
U
li

16.50
15.00
19.50
15.13
16.50

21.00

62
2
2
2
2
2

io 2

2

62
62

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
l 8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4

8 -4 -4 4
8 — —
8 48
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 i-8 i-4 9i

37.5 16.50
31.3 315.00

8 -4 -4 4
38 -8 -4 8

31.3

13.75

8 -4 -4 4

37.5

16.50

8 -4 -4 4

12

15.13

37.5

18.00

1 Scale became 43.8 cents on June 1, 1917.
2 Full holiday on Saturdays.

3 44 hours and $13.75 per week, June to August, inclusive.
4 Double tim e after midnight.
5 44 hours and $13.20 per week, January to August, inclusive.
6 And on Saturday afternoons.
* W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited.
8 Scale became 37.5 cents on July 1,1917.
s Scale became 37.5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
io Tim e and one-half on Saturday afternoons,
n 48 hours and $18 per week, Novem ber to March, inclusive.
1 Double tim e after m idnight and on Saturday afternoons.
2
13 Scale became 40.6 cents on June 1 and 43.8 cents on N ov. 1,1917.

8 -8 -48

165

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOE, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS.
CHAUFFEURS.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
Sun­
Per
Per week For days
hour. full over­ and
time. time. holi­
days

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass............................
E xtra ......................................
Building m aterial................
Electric car, department
store....................................
Gasoline car, department
store....................................
Electric truck, coal deliv­
e ry .......................................
Gasoline truck, coal deliv­
e r y .......................................
H eavy auto truck, baggage
transfer...............................
Light auto truck, baggage
transfer...............................
Lum ber delivery, gas or
electric................................
L u m b er light tru ck ...........
Milk delivery........................
N ewspaper............................
Piano and furniture deliv­
e r y .......................................
Touring car, public service
Taxicab.................................
General—
Union A .............................
Union K , 1 ton or less. . .
Union K , not exceeding
3 tons..............................
Union K , over 3 tons----elpers—
H eavy auto truck, bagLight auto truck, bagPiano and furniture.
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Coal delivery.................
Department store.........
Ice delivery....................
Helpers, coal..................

Cents, Dolls.
15. 75
14.00
19.00

35.2

19.00

35.2

19.00

4 34. 0

17.00

S.0

19.00

1
1
1

730.0

18.00

i35c.

i2 **c
3
i40c.

26.7

16.00

i35c.

20.00
18.00
20.00
18.00

1
1
1

i40c.

31.8
25.6
27.5

21.00
21.00

i 40c.
i 30c.
i 30c.

22.7
24.2

17.50
16.00

i 30c.

27.3
30.3

(1)
5
20.00 (15)

(15)

18.00

1 2 .7 13.00
71
1 1 .3 11.00
88
27.3

18.00

30.0
33.3
33.3
28.3

18.00

20.00
20.00
17.00

82

9 -9 -6 3
8 -8 -5 6
9 -5 -5 0

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

9 -9 -5 4

40.0
36.0
ii31. 7
37.5

19.25

1

Rate of
wages—

Hours—
191*,
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday
Full week. half Per week
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

25.0
25.0
238.0

May 15,1916.

2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1

(18)

31.5

17.00

9 -9 -5 4

9 -9 -5 4

33.3

18.00

9 -9 -5 4

6 9 — 5 -50

33.3

16.50

6 9 _ 4^-49^

5 9 - 5 -50

37.4

18.50

6 9 - 4 i-49i

30.9

17.00

27.2

’i6i-ioi^73i
20.00 ’i4

1 0 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60

9 -5 -5 0
9 -5 -5 0

12 9 _ 9 -63

8 -8 -4 8

2 11 -11 -66
0 -1 ^ 3
1 H1 ^ 0 -7 ^
1 1410"-10 -70
1 11 -11 -77
16 2
11 -11 -66
16 2
11 -11 -66
16 2
11 -11 -66

i 25c.

(10
)
(10
)

910 - 5 -55

(10
)
(10
)

21.2

14.00

24.2
27.3

16.00
18.00

11 -11 - 6
i
11 -11 ■
11 -11 •

27.0
30.0
30.0

17.00
18.00
18.00
14.00

10I-10J-63
10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60
10J-10J-63

10 - 1 0 -60

i 25c.
i40c.

(10
)
(10
)

10 - 1 0 -60

11 -11 -66
10 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60

10 -10 -GO

22.2

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 Scale became 42 cents on June 1,1917.
8 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
4 Scale became 36 cents on June 1 , 1&17.
6 54 hours per week, October to March, inclusive.
6 Scale became 40 cents on June 1,1917.
7 Scale became 33.3 cents on May 18,1917.
« Scale became 30 cents on May 18,1917.
9 W ork 50 hours per week, September to April, inclusive.
1 N o scale in effect on M ay 15,1916.
0
n Scale became 36.5 cents for light, 39.7 cents for m edium, and 41.3 cents for heavy trucks on Sept. 1,1917.
12 Allowed one day off every three weeks, October to May, inclusive, and one week’s vacation each year,
w ithpay.
1 For Sundays, 50 cents per hour; holidays, double time.
3
1 Allowed one day off, each m onth, with pay.
4
1 From 6 p. m. to 8 p. m ., 30 cents; 8 p. m. to 4 a. m ., 45 cents; and 4 a. m. to 6 a. m ., 30 cents per hour.
6
ifi For Sundays; holidays off, with pay; double tim e if work is performed.
1 Scale became 25 cents on May 18, 1917.
7
18 Scale became 21.7 cents on May 18,1917.




166
T a b le

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.— Continued.

CHAUFFEURS, TE A M STE R S, AND D RIVERS— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
For Hours—d ay; 1917,
Full
Full day;
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
Saturdays;
over­
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

n o r t h a t l a n t ic —

continued’

Newark, N. J.:
A uto truck, beef and proComTni ssion houses.... .........
Local express........................
Manufacturing shops..........
1-ton tru ck ............................
3-ton e’ectric tru ck ..............
3-ton truck.............................
5-ton truck.............................
Helpers—
Beef and provisions.........
E xpress..............................
Manufacturing shops----N ew Y ork, N. Y .....................
G rocery..................................
Milk, special delivery.........
Milk, wholesale delivery,
65 cans or un d er...............
Milk, wholesale delivery,
over 65 cans.......................
Public service........ ..............
T a xica b............. ...................
Touring ca r...........................
Trucks—
Coal and asphalt, 4 tons
and over . . . . . . __ . . .
Coal, electric, under 4
ton s............... .................
Coal, electric, 4 tons or
ov e r.................................
Coal, gasoline, under 4
ton s.................................
Electric, 2 ton s.................
Electric, 3 ton s.................
Electric, 3J tons...............
Electric, 4 ton s.................
Electric, 5 ton s.................
Excavating, 5 to 7 ton s. . .
Excavating, over 7 to n s ..
Fish, 2 tons or over.........
Flour ................................
Furniture and storage, 1
ton or under...................
Furniture and storage,
over 1 t o n .......................
Gasoline, 1 t o n ..................

Cents. Dolls.

Reg ular
rate 7nultiplied

ii
2
2

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60

1
2
22
51
1
1

10
10
10
10
6 10
s 10

-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-70

33.3
33.3
35.0
33.3
25.0
30.0
37.5
41.7

20.00
20.00
21.00
20.00
15.00
18.00
22.50
25.00

1
0)
1
1
1
»50c.
3 50c.

26.7
20.0
20.0
438. 3
41.7
25.7

16.00
12.00
12.00
23.00
25.00
18.00

1
1
1
3 50c.
1
1

27.3

21.00

1

1

8 11 -11 -77

29.9
28.6
27.5
30.0

23.00
20.00
19. 25
21.00

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

s 11
10
10
10

41.7

25.00

91

2

io 10 -10 -60

33.3

20.00

91

2

io 10 -10 -60

36.7

22.00

91

2

38.3
30.0
31.7
28.0
35.0
36.7
34.1
37.9
41.7
41.7

23.00
18. 00
19.00
18.50
21.00
22.00
22.50
25.00
25.00
25.00

32.5

19.50

35.8
31.7

1
21.50
19.00 ii40c.

Cents. Dolls.

22

n

30.0
33.3

18.00
20.00

10 - i o -60
10 _io -60

23.3

14.00

10 -10 -60

(7)

(7)

(7)

(7)

(7)

<7)

3

36.7

22.00

3

(7)

(7)

(7)

io io -10 -60

3

(7)

(7)

(7)

91
2 io 10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
ii 40c. • 2
10 -10 -60
u 40c.
2
3 30c. (12) 12 10 -10 -66
io _io -m
ii 40c.
2
ii 40c.
10 -10 -60
2
1
11 -11 -66
n
1
11 -11 -66
ii
a 35c.
i® 10 -10 -60
1
? 6 10 -10 -60

3

(7)
(7)
28. 3
26.5
(7)
33.3

(7)
(7)
17.00
17.50
(7)
20.00
22.00

1

-11
-10
-10
-10

-77
-70
-70
-70

I.........
I
S
I
|
!
j

I
1
i

I

33.3

(7)
(7)
10 -10
io 10 -10
(7)
10 -10
11 -11

-60
-66
-60
-66

(7)

(7)

(7)

ii

10 -10 -60

30.0

18.00

10 -10 -60

ii

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

33.3
(7>

20.00
(7)

10 -10 -60

2

1 30 cents per hour in Newark: $2 per trip to N ew Y ork City.
2 For Sundays; holdays off, w ith pay; double tim e if w ork is performed,
s Rate, in cents, per hour.
4 Scale became 40 cents on June 14, 1917.
5 Sunday work prohibited; 14 days off each year, with pay.
e A llowed 14 days off each year with pay.
? N o scale in effect on M ay 15,1916.
8 A llowed one day off each m onth with pay.
s Double tim e after 1 hour and on Saturday afternoons, June to August, inclusive.
10 W ork 55 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
1 Rate, in cents, per hour; 50 cents per hour after 9 p. m.
1
1 W ork 6 hours on Sundays and holidays, paid for full day.
2
13 Scale became 54 hours on July 1,1917.




io 10 -10 -60

0)

167

U N IO N SCALE OP W AGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, T E A M STE R S, AND DRIVERS— Continued.

CHAUFFEURS— ontinued.
C
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end-

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
Sun­
For
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

north atlantic —continued.

New Y ork,N . Y .— Concluded.
Cents.
T ru ck—Concluded.
25.8
Gasoline, under 2 tons—
Gasoline, 2 ton s................ 33.3
Gasoline, 3 ton s................ 35.0
Gasoline, 3 to 5 ton s........ 32.6
Gasoline, 4 ton s................ 36.7
Gasoline, 5 ton s................ 38.3
Piano moving, electric... 37.0
Piano moving, gasoline.. 46.3
Piano m oving, lig h t........ 27.8
Produce, under 2 ton s. . . 31.8
Produce, 2 tons or o v e r .. 37.9
Helpers, tracks—
A u to ................................... 728.3
A u to.................................... 31.7
Coal and asphalt.............. 28.3
Express, 2 tons or un der. 18.2
Furniture and storage. . . 29.2
Grocery, electric............... 30.0
Grocery, gasoline............. 31.7
P rodu ce............................. 27.3
Philadelphia, P a .:
T axica b ................................. 27.0
Beef d elivery........................ 30.0
Piano m overs........................ 33.3
Touring car........................... 29.7
Trucks—
Coal, 2 tons........................ 30.9
Coal, 3 tons........................ 32.7
Coal, 4 tons........................ 30.3
Coal, 5 tons........................ 34.5
Fruit and vegetables, 2
tons................................. 32.1
Lumber, 2 to 3 tons......... 28.7
Lumber, 5 ton s................. 30.3
Helpers, piano m overs........ 30.0
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Furniture d elivery.............. 30.0
Light-package d elivery___ 28.3
Helpers, furniture delivery. 23.3
Providence, R . I.:
Coal......................................... 33.3
Department store and fur­
niture.................................. 28.3
Helpers, department store
and furniture.................... 21.7

Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

17.00 i30c.
4 40c.
4 40c.

(2)

4 40c.
440c.
145c.
i45c.
i45c.
i 35c.
i35c.

?

20.00
21.00
21.50
22.00
23.00
20.00
25.00
15.00

21.00
25.00

17.00
19.00
17.00

12.00
17.50
18.00
19.00
18.00

1 1 .0
25 0

21.00
20.0
0
16.50

1

i30c.

io1
i

i20c.

1
1
1

i 35c.
U
1
li

2
2
2
2
2
2
li
li

*10 -10 -66
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

11 -11 -66

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

1

10 -10 -60
9 10 -10 -60
9 10 -10 -60

1
1
1
1

10 -10 -66

6 1 -11 -66
1
9 i- 9J-55J
1 4 - 0 -70
10 -10 -60
9£- 9 i-55i

15 2
15 2
15 1
15 2

1 0 - 5 -55
1 0 - 5 -55
1 1 -6 -6 1
1 0 - 5 -55

4
18.00 1 40c. 15 2
17.50 i40c. 15 1
18.50 i40c. 15 1
18.00
1
li

1 0 - 6 -56
1 1 -6 -6 1
1 1 -6 -6 1

17.00 K 35c.
4
18.00 1 35c.
18.50 i 40c.
4
19.00 1 35c.

18.00
17.00
14.00

1
1
1

20.00

li

17.00

li

13.00

li

1
1
1

2
2
2

Cents. Dolls.
24.2

16.00

31.7
30.3

19.00

(5
)

(5
)

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

*10 -10 -66
(6
)

20.00
(5 (5
)
)
35.0 21.00

(5
)

25.0
15.2
25.8

11 -11 -66

(5)
10 -10 -60

(5
)
(5
)

20.8

(5
)

(6
)

15.00

10 -10 -60

15.50

10 -10 -60

10.00
Si

10 -10 -66
(B
)
(6
)

27.1

15.00
19.00

12 -12 -72
1 4 - 0 -70

22.9

16.50

12 -12 -72

(6
)
(5
)

(5
)

(5
)

(5
)

(5
)

25.0
26.7

15.00
16.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

28.6

16.00

1 0 - 6 -56

10 -10 -60

30.0

18.00

10 -10 -60

26.7

16.00

10 -10 -60

20.0 12.00

10 -10 -60
1 -10 -60
0
1 -10 -60
0

10 -10 -00

(6
)

(5
)
(*)
(5
)

(5
)

(6
)
(5
)
(5
)

(B
)
(6
)
(5
)
(5
)

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 Full day’ s pay for 6 hours work.
3 E very other Sunday and holiday off with pay.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour; 50 cents per hour after 9 p. m.
s N o scale in effect on M ay 15, 1916.
®Scale became 60 hours on July 1, 1917.
7 Scale became 35 cents on June 14, 1917.
8 Sunday work prohibited; 14 days off each year with pay.
• Allow ed 14 days off each year with pay.
m Double time after 1 hour and on Saturday afternoons, June to August, inclusive,
u W ork 55 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
A nd 5 per cent on all m oney turned in if the amount equals $54 or more per week.
Full holiday on Saturdays.
K Rate, in cents, per hour; time and- one-half after 9 p. m.
w For holidays, time and one-half.




10 -10 -60

6 1 -11 -66
1
61 -11 -66
1
10 -10 -60
010 -10 -60
ii 10 -10 -60

li

Rate of
wages—

Ag
n
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
Full d a y; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

81
1
2
(2
)
?

May 15, 1916.

168

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOE STATISTICS.

T able

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH ATLANTIC—concluded.

Rochester, N. Y ......................
A uto tru ck ............................
I c e ...........................................
T a xica b.................................
Scranton, Pa.:
M ilk........................................
Truck, large........................ .
Truck, sm all....................... .
Springfield, Mass.:
Trucks—
Coal, 2 tons........................
Coal, 4 tons or o v e r.........
Under 2 ton s................... .
Under 2 ton s................... .
2 tons and ov er............... .
2 tons and ov er............... .
3 tons or under................
Over 3 tons......................

For
Per
For SunPer week over­
hour. full time. and
time.
holi-

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.
30.0
26.7
30.1
5 17.9
7 30.0
40.4
28.3
36.4
H41.8
36.4
36.4
40.0
40.0
1232.1
1235.7

2
2
222.00 335c. 4 50c.
1
15.00 } 25c.
1
21.00 1
2
20.00 1
2
1
14.00
Ui

18.00
16.00

20.00
23.00
20.00
20.00
22.00
22.00
18.00
20.00

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

Hours—
A
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays; urday
F ull week. half Per week
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

10
10
a 12
12

-10
-10
-13
-12

-60
-60
-73
-84

Cents, Dolls.
27.4

(*)

220.00
(•
)

810 -10 -70
9 - 44-494
9 - 44-494
10 10 - 5 -55
10 10 - 5 -55

1 0 -5 -5 5
1 0 -5 -5 5
1 0 -5 -5 5
1 0 -5 -5 5
94- 94-56
94- 94-56

Hours—
F ull da y;
Saturdays;
Full week.

2 12 -13 -73

(•
)

9 - 4|-49i

26.7
29.1
29.1
28.6
32.1
29.1
( 6)

16.00
16.00
16.00
16.00
18.00
16.00

10 10 - 5 -55

(6
)

8

(•
)

(6
)

(«)

(<
0

35.0
27.0

2 1 .0 0
2 0 .7 7

10 -10 -60
1 11 ^-11 -77
6

32.6
36.7

22.00

10 -10 -60

i o ] 0 - 5 -55
1 0 - 5 -55
1 0 -6 -5 6
1 0 - 6 -56
1 0 - 5 -55

(<
0

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Jacksonville, F la ..................... 1320.8

12 -12 -72

15.00

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111................................
Baggage deliv ery.................
Baggage and parcel deliv­
e r y .......................................
B one and tallow hauling...
Department stores, cars
under 1 t o n . , .....................
Department stores, furni­
ture, Union A ...................
Department stores, furni­
ture, Union B ...................
Laundry, delivery cars----Laundry and tow els...........

1
1

15 1

10 -10 -£0

U38.3
30.0

23.00
23.08

733.3
41.7

22.00
25.00

» 35c. 8 35c.
3 45c. (18) 1 10 -10 -60
9

34.2

20.50

3 50c.

23.00

1

1

i« 11 -11 -77

11 -11 -66

37.5 22.50 3 50c.
31.5 *U7.00
33.3 2818.00
1
4

1

21.50

11 -11 -66

li
11
64

10 -10 -60

30.0

18.00

10 -10 -60

10 -10 -60

35.0

21.00

10 -10 -60

14
(**)

10 -10 -60
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

29.6

16.00

2

1 Double tim e after midnight.
2 48 hours and $18 per week, N ovem ber to April, inclusive.

8 Rate, in cents, per hour.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sunday; for holidays, regular rate.

6 Scale became 21.4 cents on Sept. 15, 1917.
6 N o scale in effect on M ay 15, 1916.
7 Scale became 32.9 cents on July 15,1917.

s Allowed 1 day off each m onth and 1 week off each year, with pay.
s Scale became 38.2 cents on Sept. 15, 1917.
*o W ork 60 hours per week, October to A pril, inclusive.
1 Scale became 43.6 cents on Sept. 15,1917.
1
u Scale became 37.5 cents on A ug. 1,1917.
m Some work on 20 per cent commission, with a guaranty of $10 per week.
14 Scale became 41.7 cents on June 15,1917.
*6 Holidays off w ith pay.
M Allow ed 1 day off every 2 weeks, w ith pay.
J7 Scale became 35.6 cents on Aug. 20,1917.
18 D o not work on Sundays; regular rate for July 4; double tim e for Memorial D ay; other holidays off,
w ith pay.
19 A llow ed 2 weeks7 vacation each year, w ith pay.
20 One half day off, w ith pay; on Thursdays, June to August, inclusive.
*i A nd 10 per cent commission on collections over $95 per week.
82 W ork prohibited.
* A nd 7| per cent commission on all business handled.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le

169

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
over­ and
f u l l week. half hour. full
Full week.
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

north central —continued.

Cents.
Chicago, 111.—Continued.
L iv e r y ............ , ...................... 24.7
Livery and public carriages 36.7
L ivery, funeral..................... 27.9
Milk, extra men, and ped­
dlers ................................... 37.0
Trucks—
Bakery, d eliv ery.............. 33.3
Brick, com m ission........... 45.0
Brick, under 2 to n s ......... 33.0
Brick, 2 to 4 to n s ............. 36.7
Brick, 5 to n s ..................... 41.7
B rick, 6 tons or over........ 46.0
B rick, sand, and terra
cotta, 4 tons or ovep___ 8 36.4
Building material, 2 tons
or under.......................... 30.3
Building material, 3 ton s. 37.5
Building material, 4 tons
or under........................ 8 31.8
Building material, 4 tons. 40.0
Building material, 5 tons. 43.3
Building material, 6 ton s. 45.8
Building material, 7 ton s. 47.5
Coal delivery, l i tons or
under............................. 35.0
Coal delivery, 2 tons----37.5
Coal delivery, over 2 tons. 40.0
Commission houses, 2
tons or under................. 37.1
Commission houses, 3
ton s................................ 38.6
Commission houses, over
3 ton s............................. 37.3
Commission houses, 4
ton s................................ 40.2
Commission houses, 5
to n s................................. 41.7
Delivery and general
hauling, under 1 t o n ... 31.7
Electric, 3 tons or o v e r ... W30.0
Furniture d elivery.
.5
Gasoline, 2 to n s ___
H32.5
Gasoline, 3 ton s ___
1 3 .0
25
Gasoline, 4 to n s___
1337.5
Gasoline, 5 to n s ................ i<40.8
General work, 1 ton and
un der2ton s.................... 29.7
Grocery and meat deliv­
ery, lig h t......................... 27.0
Grocery and meat d eliv­
ery, heavy......................
Grocery and market de­
livery, 1 ton or u n d e r.. 9.5

Dolls.

Regular
rate multiplied by—

18.00

22.00

1

1

19.50

20.00
20.00

33.3

20.00

10 -10 -60

34.1

22.50

11 -11 -66

(3
)
(3
)

(3
)
(3
)

29.5

19. 50

(3
)

(3
)

(3
)

< 8 -6 -5 4
130c. s 10
li 10
li 10
10
li
10
li
li 10

27.00
19.80

22.00
25.00
27.60
24.00

li

19.98
22.50

li
li

21.00

i!

-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60

41 -11 -66

-11 -6
6
-10 -60

11 -11 -66

5!
li

21.00

22.50
24.00

10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10

li
li
li

24.00
26.00
27.50
28.50

-60
-60
-60
-60

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

24.50

i60c.

25.50

i60c.

23.50

i50c.

10i-10i-63

26.50

i60c.

27.50

i60c.

20.00

i50c.

(3 (3)
)
(8 (3)
)
(8 (3)
)
(3 (3
)
)
(3 (3
)
)
35.0 21.00
(3 (3
)
)

(3
)
(3
)

11 -11 -66
(3
)
(3
)
(s
)
(3
)
10 -10
(3
)

-60

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

(7
1)
(7
)
21.00 (7
)
22.50
(7
)
24.50
(7
)

21.50

l li-U i-6 9

li

27.3

18.00

11 -11 -6
6

21.00

10i-10i-63
10 -10 -60
10i-10i-63
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

10i-10i-63

lli~ lli-6 9

29.1

20.10

15.00

(15)

9 -10i-55i

(3)

(3)

18.00

(1)
5

9 -10i-55i

(3)

(3)

11 -11 -66

27.3

18.00

20.50

140c.

19.50 I i 50c.

11 -11 -66

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

18.00
23.00
19.50

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 A llow ed one day off every tw o weeks w ith pay.
3 No scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
4 A llow ed 2 weeks’ vacation each year, w ith pay.
6 One week’ s vacation each year, w ith pay.
fi Scale became 38.6 cents on June 22,1917.
7 45 cents for first hour; 55 cents per hour there­
after.
8 Scale became 34.1 cents on July 21,1917.




Cents. Dolls.
» 10i-10 -73
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -70

li I

(•)
(8)
11 -11 -66

9
For Sundays; work 4 hours on holidays, paid
for full day.
w Scale became 32.5 cents on June 11, 1917.
n Scale became 35 cents on June 11, 1917.
1 Scale became 37.5 cents on June 11, 1917.
2
13 Scale became 40 cents on June 11, 1917.
n Scale became 43.3 cents on June 11, 1917.
15 Sunday work prohibited; holidays off, with pay.

170

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS—Continued.
M os.

May 15, 1917.

May 15, 1916.

dur­
ing
year
end­
ing

Kate of wages-

Rate of
wages—

M ay

Geographical division and
city.

15,
For Hours—day; 1917,
Full
Sat­
Per
Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week For days
Full week. half hour. full
over­
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days.

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

pre­
vailed!

North

central —continued.

Chicago, 111.—Continued.
Trucks—Continued.
Ice d elivery.......................
Lim e, cement, 2 tons or
under..............................
Lim e, cement, 4 ton s----Lumber, box, and shav­
ings, 11 to 21 tons..........
Lumber, box, and shav­
ings, 2-| to 4 tons...........
Machinery movers and
general hauling, 2 ton s.
Machinery movers and
general hauling, 3 tons.
Milk, dayw ork.............
Milk, night w ork ........
Newspaper delivery, d a y .
N ew s p a p e r d e liv e r y ,
n ig h t...............................
Packing house, 1 ton and
under...............................
Packing house, 2 tons
and under......................
Packing house, under 3
tons............. ....................
Packing . house, 3 tons
and over.........................
Parcel and machinery
delivery..........................
Piano m ovin g.................
D o...............................
R oofing material.............
D o...............................
Stone.................................
Stone, lime, and cement,
4 tons.............................
W reck or line, street
railway..........................
1 to 2 ton s........................
2 tons.................................
3 tons.................................
3 tons.................................
4 tons............................. .
4 tons.................................
5 tons.................................
5 tons.................................
6 tons.................................
6 tons.................................
7 tons.................................
7 tons.................................

Cents. Dolls.
136.7

22.00
20.00
21.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
835c. 8 75c.

19.00

2 40c.

6
H 11 11 -6
6
li 11 -11 -6
6
1} 11 -11 -6

2 40c.

11

11 -11 -6
6

2 50c.

H

101 -105-63

2 50c.

11
l

30.3
s 31.8

34.9

20.00
22.00

37.3
37.9
48.2
33.3

li
li

23.50
25.00
26.00
18.00

30.8

li
ii
ii

l
l

35.0

101
6 io
6 8
9

-lOi-63
-10 -66
-8 -5 4
-9 -5 4

21.00

10 -10 -60

(4)
28.8

(4)
19.00

(4)
11 -11 -66

27.3

18.00

11 -11 -66

28.8

19.00

11 -11 -66

29.5

19.50

11 -11 -66

31.8

21.00

11 -11 -66

• (4
: >
i
-i (4
)
J 25.8
J 26.9
!

19.00

8 -8 -5 6

29.1

17.73

10*8- 7i-61

29.4

17.96

10*3- 71—
61

31.6

19.28

10*5- 7*-61

.! 29.0

36.8

22.43

10*8- 7J-61

29.5

19.50
26.00
26.00

11 -11 -6
6

45.6
45.6

31.8
35.0
40.9

2 50c.

21.00
21.00
27.00

2 60c.
2 60c.
2 50c.
8 45c.
2 35c.

i

9
36.4

24.00 !

40.1
1 36.1
0

22.47
19.50
22.50

2 40c.

23.50
22.50
24.50
24.50
25.00
26.00
26.00
27.00
27.00

8 45c.
2 40c.
8 45c.
2 40c.
8 45c.
2 40c.
8 45c.
8 45c.
8 45c.
8 45c.

32.6
U38.9
34.1
1 41.7
2
35.5

14.4
35
36.2
1448.1

14.3
53
1650.0
1H5.0

21.00

li

1

8 45c.

1 Scale became 41.7 cents on June 15, 1917.
2 Rate, in cents, per hour.
8 Rate, in cents, per hour; for holidays, double
time.
4 No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
6 Scale became 34.1 cents on June 22, 1917.
6 W ork 6 hours on Sundays; allowed tw o weeks’
vacation each year, w ith pay.
7 W ork on holidays prohibited.
8 45 cents for first hour; 55 cents per hour there­
after.




Cents. Dolls.
10 -10 -60

91 - 91-57
91 - 91-57
-66
10 -10 -60

11 -11
II -11 -W
11 -11 -6
6
8
9
III
9
111
9
111
9
111
9
10
9
10

-8 -5 6
-9 -5 4
-111-69
-9 -5 4
-111-69
-9 -5 4
-111-69
-9 -5 4
-111-69
-9 -5 4
-10 -60
-9 -5 4
-10 -60

9 Scale
1 Scale
0
1 Scale
1
1 Scale
2
i* Scale
1 Scale
4
1 Scale
5
16 Scale

(4
)
(4)

(4
)
(4
)

15.75

10*8- 7*-61

16.38
17. 70

10*8 7 -0
- ^1
10*8 7 -6
- V1

J 34.2

20.85

10**- 7J-61

-

(4)
39.7
43.3

(4
)
25.00

(4
)
(4
)

(4
)
(4
)

33.3

22.00

37.1

20.77

26.00

'(V)'

'(< "(4
)
)"
” (4
)"

(4
)

101 -101-63
10 -10 -60

(4
)
(4
)

11 -11 -6
6
8 -8 -5 6

■ '(V
” )......
” ” ( )......
V
’ " ' ( V)..........

""(*)......

became 38.6 cents on June 22,1917.
became 38.9 cents on June 11,1917.
became 41.7 cents on June 11,1917.
became 44.4 cents on June 11,1917.
became 48.1 cents on June 11,1917.
became 50.9 cents on June 11,1917.
became 45.8 cents on June 11, 1917.
became 52.8 cents on June 11,1917.

.

171

1911

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AND H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15,

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS— ontinued.
C
M os.
dur­

May 15, 1917.

ing
year
en d ­
ing
M ay

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

n or th centr al—

15,
Hours—
1917,
Full day; S at­
Saturdays; urday
Full week. half
holi­
day
pre­
vailed

2

1

Per
w eek
Per
full
hour.
tim e.

H ou rs—
F u ll d a y ;
S atu rd a ys;
F u ll w eek.

!

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied bp—

30.8

18.50

150c.

* li

* 10 -10 -60

23.3
35.5
30.0

14.00
21.30
18.00

1

130c.

29.4

18.50

28.3

17.00

1

22.7
29.4
26.5
44.4
44.4
33.0

15.00
18.50
16.17
24.00
24.00
19.80

130c.
i50c.

ii
ii

160c.
160c.
145c.

2

29.2

33

Cents. Dolls.

10 -1 0 -6 0

i45c.
i40c.

li
li

10 -10 SO
10 -10 -60

li

1

10i -10J-63

24.2

16.00

11 -11 -66

*ii

10 -10 -60

25.0

15.00

10 -10 -60

19.7
(4)

13.00
(4)

11 -11 -66
(4)

36.5
40.0

23.00
24.00

104 -10i-63
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
12 -12 -72
(4)
(4)

li

1

11 -11 -6
6
10i -10|-63
10*3- 74-61
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
10 -10 -60

825.0
35.0

17.50
(6
>
19.00 UOc. 7 40c.
17. 50 i37ic.
135c.
9li

11 -11 -6
6

21.00

1

10 -10 -70
10 -10 -60

27.5
25.0
(«)
C
4)

16.50
18.00
(4)
(4)

28.3

17.00

•ii

10 -10 -60

(4)

(4)

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10-10 -60
10-10 -60

28.3
30.0
33.3

17.00
18.00
20.00

10 -10 -60

(4)

(4)

(4)

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)

(4)
(4)
<
4
(4)
(4)

(<)
(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)

( 4)
18.1

<
4)
13.00

28
.8

130c.

102(\7 16.00

n30.0

18.00

2
2
2
2

26.7

16.00

®li

28.3
29.2
30.8
30.0
31.7

17.00
17.50
18.50
18.00
19.00

25.0
24.2

15.00
li
16.00 140c.

13.7 19.00
21
13.0 21.00
35

«23.3
H26.7
27.5
32.5
35.8

14.00
16.00
16. 50
19. 50
21.50

2
9li
9li
2

7 40c.

2
2
2
2
2

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 Holidays off, with pay.
3 One half day off, with pay, on Thursdays, June
to August, inclusive.
4 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916,
5 W ork on holidays prohibited.
6 W ork prohibited.
7 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holi­
days, regular rate.




15, 1916.

P a te of
wages—

continued.

C hicago, 111.— C on clu ded .
H elpers—
D e p a rtm e n t sto re,fu rn i­
t u r e ....................................... .
T ru ck s—
B a k e r y ................................
B rick , 5 to n s....................
C o a l.......................................
C om m issio n house, 3
t o n s ..................................
D e p a rtm e n t sto re ,
fu rn itu re........................
L u m ber,
box,
an d
sh avin gs.........................
M achin ery m o v e rs ____
P ackin g h ou se................
P iano m o v in g .................
D o .....................................
4 tons or u n d e r ...............
C incinn ati, O hio:
B a k ery an d p ie.........................
Ice d e liv e r y .................................
L iv e r y ................... ........................
P iano m o vin e;............................
P ian o m o v in g an d furni­
ture ...........................................
T ru ck s—
Gasoline, 1 t o n ...................
G asoline, 2 t o n s .................
Gasoline, 3 t o n s .................
G asoline, 4 a n d 5 t o n s ___
P ia n o a n d furniture, u n ­
der 1 t o n ............................
P iano an d furniture, 1 to
t o n s ...................................
J t o n s .....................................
2 t o n s .......................................
to 3J t o n s ............................
ton s a n d o v e r ................
H elpers—
A u t o .........................................
Ice d e liv e ry ..........................
Tru cks—
U nder 3 t o n s ...................
3 tons or over..................
to n an d u n d e r ............
3 t o n s ...................................
4 tons or over...................

1
2

For
Sun­
Per
Per week For days
over­
horn*. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

M ay

10 -10 -60

1 -io - m
0

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

11 -11 -6
6

10
10
10
10
10

-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60 . . . . . .

( 4)

(4)
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

12^ -12 -72

21.7 13.00
10 -10 -60
25.0 15.00
10 -10 -60
(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)
s Scale became 26. 1 cents on July 18, 1917.
9 Do not work on Sundays.
1 Scale became 27. 5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
0
n Scale became 30. 8 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
i* Scale became 32. 5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
is Scale became 35. 8 cents on Aug. 1, 1917.
14 Scale became 24. 2 cents on Aug. 1,1917.

172

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
d u r­
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
F ull day; Sat­
Full d ay;
Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
over­ and
Full week.
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per

Per
hour.

NORTH CENTRAL—concluded.
Cents.
Cleveland, Ohio:
A uto trucks.......................... 34.2
A uto van................................ 36.7
Excavating............................ 42.0
Ice-delivery m otor............... 31.8
T a xica b ................................. 5 23.4
Helpers.................................. 25. 8
Des Momes, Iow a ............ ...... 27.5
Detroit, Mich............................ 38.3
Ice, a u to................................ 35. 8
Kansas City, Mo.:
Trucks, 2 ton s...................... 30.0
Trucks, 3 ton s...................... 32.5
Trucks, 4 and 5 tons........... 33.3
St. Louis, Mo.:
Furniture deliverv.............. 34.2
Ice delivery........................... 31.7
Public service...... ........... . 22.2
Trucks—
Coal, under 3 ton s............ 21.2
Coal, 3 to 5 ton s................ 27.3
Coal, 5 to 7 ton s................ 31.8
Department store, elec­
tric................................... 26.7
Department store, under
2 tons.............................. 25.0
Department store, 2 tons
or over............................ 28.3
Grocery, 2 tons or under. 22.7
Grocery, over 2 tons........ 25.8
Milk, small m otor............ 1321.4
Milk, 3i t o n s .. ................. H26.8
2 tons or less...................... 1526.2
Over 2 tons........................ 1629.4
Helpers—
Freight............................... 1724.6
Furniture.......................... 28.3
St. Paul, Minn.: Coal and
sand trucks............................ 38.5

week

full
time.

Dolls.

Reg ular
rate rnultiplied b y -

20.50
2 10 -10 -60
*1*
2
22.00
10 -10 -60
ii
2
25.20
10 -10 -60
11
1 4 10 -10 -66
21.00 330 c.
11 -11 -77
18.00 350c. 3 50c.
2
15.50
2 10 -10 -60
l U
1
1
16.50
10 -10 -60
2
10 -10 -60
23.00
u
1
1
10 -10 -60
21.50
18.00
19.50
20.00
20.50
s 19.00
17.50
14.00
18.00
21.00

1
1
1

li
li

14

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

7li

ii

Cents. Dolls.
33.3
35.0
31.7
31.1

20.00
21.00
19.00
20.50

* 10
10
10
4 10

25.0
(®)
33.3
(6)

15.00
(6)
20.00
(6)

2 10 -10 -60

27.5
30.0

16.50
18.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

(6)

(6)

14.3
17.7

14.00
17.30

-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-66

(«)
10 -10 -60
(•)

10 -10 -60

1
9 30c. a 10 -10 -60
1 10 lli-111-782
4 35c.

1
1
1

11 l i
11 l i

m i

(8)

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

16.00

12 1

ii

10 -10 -60

15.00

12 1

ii

10 -10 -60

ii
ii
ii
ii
ii

10 -10 -60
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
10 -10 -70
10 -10 -70
104-104-63
10i-10i-63

17.00 12 1
1
15.00
1
17.00
15.00 « 25c.
18. 75 4 35c.
1
16.50
1
18.50

1
1

15.50
17.00

1
7li

ii
li

10i-10i-63
10 -10 -60

23.10

1

li

10 -10 -60

(6)

(6)

1
1

12 -12 -84
10 -10 -70

14.3
17.1

12.00
12.00

14 _14 _98
14 -14 -98

(«)

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Houston, T e x .......................... 21.4
New Orleans, L a ..................... 18.6

18.00 4 25c.
13.00 4 75c.

1 Double time after 8 p. m .
2 Allowed 6 days off each year, with pay.
3 Rate, in cents, per hour.
4 W ork 6 hours on Sundays.
6 Scale became 27.3 cents on June 1,1917.
6 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
7 Regular rate for first hour.
a 60 hours and $17 per week, November to April, inclusive.
9 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
1 2 days oft each m onth, with pay.
0
u Double tim e on Labor Day.
i* A nd 25 cents for supper, after 6 p. m .
13 Scale became 22.1 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
h Scale became 27.5 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
is Scale became 28.6 cents on Aug. 16,1917.
1 Scale became 31.7 cents on Aug. 16,1917.
6
17 Scale became 27 cents on Aug. 16,1917.




12 -12 -80
10 -10 -74

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15,

1911. 173

Table A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAM STERS, AND D RIVERS—Continued.

CHAUFFEURS— oncluded.
C
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
For Hours—day; 1917,
Full
Full day;
Sat­
Sun­
Per
For
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
days
Per week
over­
Full week. half
Full week.
and
hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont..............................
Trucks, 1,500 pounds or
under..................................
Trucks, 1,500 pounds to 3
tons.....................................
Trucks, over 3 tons.............
Helpers..................................
Portland, Oreg........................
San Francisco, Cal..................
Department store, parcels.
Grocery and liq u or.............
* T ru ck s...................................
Trucks, capacity less than
3,000 pounds......................
Trucks, less than 3 tons___
Trucks, 3 tons or o v e r........
Trucks, 6,500 pounds ca­
p a city ............................... .
Seattle, W ash:
Trucks, less than 3 tons___
Trucks, 3 tons or o v e r........
Salt Lake City,
Utah:
Trucks, m otor......................

Cents. Dolls.
33.3

Regular
rate multivlie<. by—
ilied

28.00 i50c.

46.9 222.50

29.2

1
1
1

30.0
35.0
40.0

18.00 i 50c.
i 60c.
24.00 i 60c.

(3
)

50.0
43.8
30.0

24.00

21.00
18.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
10 -10 -60

40.0

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
10 -10 -60
»111-111-69
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

24.50

(3
)

8 -8 -4 8

50.0 224.00
53.1 225.50
46.9 222.50
35.0
li
30.4
i 50c.
35.0
(6)
i 50c.
35.0
45.0 27.00 i 75c.

21.00
21.00
21.00
21.00

Cents. Dolls.

12 -12 -84

24.00

10 -10 -60

12 -12 -84

(3
)

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

21.00

45.0

27.00 i 75c.

10 -10 -60

(3
)

(3
)

37.5
37.5

22.50
22.50

li

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

30.0
35.0

18.00

30.0

18.00

29.3
31.3
33.3
29.3

14.50
15.50
16.50
14.50

li

21.00

(3
)
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

10 -10 -60

TE AM STERS AND DRIVERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.:
Drivers, baggage transfer—
1 horse................................
2 horses..............................
Drivers, building mate­
rial—
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
3 horses...............................
Drivers, carriage..................
Drivers, coal delivery—
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
3 horses...............................
Wharfmen..........................

723.3
W26.7

14.00
16.00

H28.0
1332.0
H34.0
20.0

14.00
16.00
17.00
16.00

1130.0
1632.0
1834.0
H30.0

15.00
16.00
17.00
15.00

1
1

81
81

9 10 -10 -60
9 10 -10 -60
9 -5 -5 0
9 -5 -5 0
9 -5 -5 0
11 -14 -80

i30c.

12 2

1 35c.
1 40c.

12 2
12 2

130c.

1

1
1

2
2

1
1

2
2

16 9 _
15 9 _
15 9 _
15 9 -

5
5
5
5

-50
_50
-50
-50

12
12
12
6
6
6
6

i Rate, in cents, per hour.
* A nd 25 cents per day additional when copper sells above 15 cents per pound.
3 No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
* Regular rate for first hour.
6 Scale became 60 hours on June 1,1917.
e $1.50 per extra trip, not exceeding 3 hours; for more than 3 hours, 1 day's pay.
* Scale became 26.7 cents on May 18, 1917.
s Double tim e on holidays.
* W ork every other Sunday; average 65 hours per weeli.
io Scale became 30 cents on May 18, 1917.
ii Scale became 32 cents on June 1,1917.
12 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
i’ Scale became 36 cents on June 1,1917.
h Scale became 38 cents on June 1, 1917.
is 54 hours, October to March, inclusive.
i« Scale became 34 cents on June 1, 1917.




is 9
is 9
is 9
15 9

-

4i-49i
4^-49*
4£-49£
4$-49i

174

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

CHAUFFEURS, TEAM STERS, AN D DRIVERS— Continued.

TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS— ontinued.
C
May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
Full week. half Per week
Full week.
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
prevailed

NORTH ATLANTIC—continued.
B oston, Mass.—Continued.
D r iv e r s , d e p a r t m e n t
stores—
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
Drivers, laundry deliv­
e ry ...................................
Drivers, lumber delivery—
1 horse....... .........................
2 horses...............................
3 horses...............................
4 horses...............................
Drivers, market and com ­
mission houses—
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
3 horses..............................
.
4 horses
Drivers, m ilk delivery—
R oute m en ........................
R oute foremen..................
2-horse trucks....................
Drivers, newspaper deliv­
ery—
Relay routes......................
1 horse................................
Drivers, piano and fur­
niture ..............................
Drivers and packers, piano
and furniture.................
Drivers, general—
Light wagon......................
1 horse.................................
2 horses...............................
3 horses...............................
4 horses...............................
5 horses...............................
6 horses...............................
Drivers7 helpers—
Baggage transfer, 1 horse.
Baggage transfer, 2 horses
Department store deliv­
ery, 1 horse....................
Furniture and depart­
ment store delivery___
Piano and furniture de­
livery ..............................

Cents. Dolls.
29.6
31.5

16.00
17.00

33.3
32.0
36.0
38.0
40.0

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
1
1

2
2

9 -9 -5 4
9 - 9 -54

18.00

li

2

i 9 - 9 -54

16.00
18.00
19.00
20.00

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

28.0
31.4
33.1
34 7

16.50
18.50
19.50
20.50

440p.
4 40c.
4 40c.
4 40c.

6 28.6
8 38.3
25.7

20.00
23.00
18.00

1
1
1

31.3
37.5

15.00
18.00

4 40c.
MOc.

92
92

27.3

18.00

4 40c.

2

17.00

4 40c.

2

11 -11 -66

22.7
24.2
27.3
28.8
30.3
31.8
33.3

15.00
16.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00

(u )
0 1)
(n )
(u )
4 45c.
4 45c.
4 45c.

52
52
52
52
52
52
52

1218.3
20.0

11.00
12.00

1
1

1 1
3
13 1

20.4

11.00

1

2

9 -9 -5 4

24.1

13.00

1

2

9 -9 -5 4

25.8

17.00

4 40c.

2

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

11 -11 -66

25.8

Cents. Dolls.

11 -11 -66

82
52
52
62
1
1
1

9
9
9
9

-5
-5
-5
-5

-5
-5
-5
-5

0
0
0
0

27.8
29.6

15.00
16.00

31.3 2 15.00
28.0
32.0
34.0
36.0

14.00
16.00
17.00
18.00

64-59
64-59
64-59
64-59

23.7
27.1
28.8
30.5

14.00
16.00
17.00
18.00

7 10 -10 -70
7 10 -10 -60
710 -10 -70

27.9
37.5
25.0

19.50
22.50
17.50

(10
)
(10
)

(!0
)
(10
)

19.7

13.00
14.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00

10410410£104-

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

11
11
11
11
11
11
11

-11
-11
-11
-11
-11
-11
-11

-66
-66
-66
-66
-66
-66
-66

21.2

24.2
25.8
27.3
28.8
30.3

20.00

8 -8 -4 8
39
39
39
39

-

5
5
5
5

-50
-50
-50
-50

10^ g-i-gg
10i- 64—
59
104- 6|-59
104- 64-59

7 10 -10 -70
710 -10 -60
7 10 -10 -70

(!0
)
(10
)

11 -11 -66
11 -1 -66
1
11 -1 -66
1
11 -1 -66
1
11 -11 -66
11 -1 -66
1
11 -11 -66

1 io -10 -60
4
14 10 -10 -60
18.5 10.00
22.2 12.00

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

1 Hours vary, b u t total 54 per week.
2 A n d various commissions.
8 55 hours per week, October to March, inclusive.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour.
s Holidays off, w ith pay; double tim e if work is performed.
« Scale became 35.7 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
* One day off every 3 weeks, May to October, inclusive, and 1 week's vacation each year, w ith pay.
s Scale became 46.7 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
9 For Sundays, $4 per day.
10 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
u From 6 p. m. to 8 p. m., 30 cents; 8 p. m. to 4 a. m., 45 cents; and 4. a. m. to 6 a. m., 30 cents per hour,
i* Scale became 21.7 cents on May 18, 1917.
u For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
14 W ork every other Sunday; average 65 hours per week.




OF LABOR,

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS

175

MAY 15, 1911.

T a b l e A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week over­ days
and
full
time. time. holi­
days.

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays*.
F ull week. half hour. full
Full week.
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

n o r t h a t l a n t i c — continued.

B oston, Mass.—Concluded.
Drivers’ helpers—Concld. Cents.
L aundry............................ 25.9
TjiyrrtpfiTK_______________ 27.3
Milk d^livftry. _____ ____ 521.4
General............................... 24.2
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Drivers, 2 horses, coal de­
livery................................... 30.0
Drivers, department store—
1 horse................................. 26.7
2 horses............................... 30.0
Drivers, ice—
1 horse................................. 26.7
2 horses.............................
30.0
Teamsters, market—
1 horse................................. 25.8
2 horses............................... 30.0
Teamsters, general—
1 horse................................. 26.7
2 horses............................... 31.8
3 horses............................... 33.3
Newark, N. J .:
*
Drivers, general—
1 horse................................. 25.0
2 horses............................... 28.3
1-horse trucks, manufac­
turing .............................. 25.0
1-horse trucks, beef or
provisions...................... 26.7
1-norse trucks,
local
express............................ 25.0
1-horse express, Newark
to New Y o r k ................. 26.7
2-horse teams, Newark
to New Y o r k ................. 30.0
1 horse, produce and
commission houses....... 25.0
2 horses, produce and
commission houses....... 28.3
Teamsters —
2-horse trucks, manufac­
turing .............................. 26.7
2-horse trucks, beef and
provisions...................... 30.0
3-horse trucks, beef and
provisions...................... 30.0
3-horse trucks, express... 31.7
3-horse trucks, Newark
to New Y o r k ................. 33.3
Teamsters’ helpers............... 25.0

Dolls.
14.00
18.00
15.00
16.00

jL ,cy
\
nuUirate %
plied by—
11
(3)
1

2
12
1

(3)

*2

9
11
610
11
i

- 9
-11
-10
-11

_54
-66
-70
-66

Cents. Dolls.
( 2)

24.2
20.7

( 2)

( 2)

16.00
14.50

11 -11 -66
e 10 -10 -70

11

2

10 -10 -60

27.0

17.00

101-101-63

16.00
18.00

11
11

2
2

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

25.0
30.0

15.00
18.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

16.00
18.00

2
i*

1

10 -10 -60
10 _io -60

25.0
30.0

15.00
18.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

17.00
18.00

i
i

1
1

11 -11 -66
10 -10 -60

28.3
31.7

17.00
19.00

10 _io -60

16.00
21.00
20.00

?
14

2
1
2

10 -10 -60
11 -11 - 6 6
10 -10 -60

19.7
22.7
25.8

13.00
15.00
17.00

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -6 6
11 -11 -6 6

15.00
17.00

7 30c.
7 30c.

li
11

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

21.7
25.0

13.00
15.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

25.0

15.00

10 -10 -60

18.00

15.00

1

81

16.00

1

1

10 -10 -60

2

10 -10 -60

10 -10 -60

. 15.00 7 30c.

10 -10 -60

16.00

7 30c.

2

10 -10 -60

18.00

7 30c.

2

10 -10 -60

15.00

1

H

10 -10 -60

17.00

1

H

10 -10 -60

2

10 -10 -60

......... .............
-

16.00

7 30c.

18.00

1

1

10 -10 -60

18.00
19.00

1
7 30c.

1
2

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

20.00
15.00

7 30c.
7 30c.

2

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

H

26.7

16.00

10 -10 -60

1 21.7

is. 00

io - i o - 60

i Hours vary, but total 54 per week.
3 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
» From 6 p. m. to 8 p. m ., 30 cents; 8 p. m. to 4 a. m., 45 cents; and 4 a. m. to 6 a. m., 30 cents per hour.
* Holidays off, with pay; double tim e if work is performed.
6 Scale became 25.7 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
6 One day off every 3 weeks, October to May, inclusive, and 1 week’ s vacation each year, with pay.
* Rate, in cents, per hour.
8 For Sundays; holidays off, with pay; double tim e if work is performed.




176

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A , — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

CHAUFFEURS, TEA M STERS, AND D RIVERS— Continued.

TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—
Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

For Hours—day; 191*,
Full
SatSun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
For days
Per week over­
Full week. half hour. week
full
hour. full tim e. and
holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC—continued.
New York, N. Y .:
Drivers, beef—
2-horse trucks...................
3-horse trucks....................
Drivers,
building
ma­
terial—
1 horse.................................
2 horses...............................
3 horses...............................
4 horses...............................
Drivers, butter and eggs—
1-horse wagon....................
2-horse wagon....................
Drivers, carriage or bus___
Drivers, coach, funerals—
B rooklyn............................
Manhattan........................
Drivers, coal and asphalt—
1 horse.................................
2 horses...............................
3 horses...............................
4 to 5-ton trucks...............
Drivers, small delivery
wagons—
1 horse.................................
2 horses...............................
Drivers, excavating—
1 horse.................................
2 horses...............................
3 horses...............................
Drivers, express—
1 horse.................................
2 horses...............................
Drivers, fish delivery—
1 horse.................................
2 horses...............................
Drivers, flour delivery—
1-horse trucks....................
2-horse trucks....................
Drivers, freight delivery,
2-horse trucks..................
Drivers, furniture and
flour—
1-horse trucks.................. .
2-horse trucks.................. .
Drivers, 2-horse van, furni­
ture and storage............. .

May 15,1916.

Cents. Dolls.
33.3
36.7

20.00
22.00

28.3
31.7
35.0
38.3

21.00

17.00
19.00

23.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
i35c.
lh
135c.
3 40c.
3 40c.
3 40c.
3 40c.

28.3
33.3
22.7

17.00

20.00
15.00

135c.
i 35c.
i25c.

19.5
17.9

15.00
15.00

(6
1)

28.3
31.7
35.0
33.3

21.00
20.00

17.00
19.00

71

71
71
71

li

a 10 -10 -60
210 -10 -60
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

-60
-60
-60
-60

25.0
28.3
31.7
35.0

21.00

2 10 -10 -60
210 -10 -60
510 -10 -60

21.2

14.00

5 10 -10 -60

16.7

14.00

12 -12 -84

-60
-60
-60
-60

23.3
26.7
30.0
28.3

14.00
16.00
18.00
17.00

11 -11 -77
12 -12 -84
»10
810
810
8 10

-10
-10
-10
-10

15.00
17.00
19.00

10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10

810
810
810
810

-60
-60
-60
-60

16.00
18.00

3 40C.
3 40c.

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

23.3
26.7

14.00
16.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

20.5
25.9
28.2

13.50
17.10
18.60

1
1
1

18.2
23.6
25.9

12.00

22.7
25.0

15.00
16.50

125c.
i30c.

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -6
6
510 -10 -66
510 -10 -66

30.0
35.0

21.00

18.00

135c.
i35c.

11 -11 -66
11 -.11 -66
11 -11 -6
6
610 -10 -66
610 -10 -6
6
210 -10 -6
0
210 -10 -6
0

31.7
35.0
24.2

21.00
16.00

n28.3
1233.3

20.00

31.7

19.00

26.7
30.0

23.5

14.00
15.50

910 -10 -60
s 10 -10 -60
>

(1)
0
(10
)

(10
)
(10
)

i30c.

s 10 -10 -66

22.7

15.00

510 -10 -6
6

i35c.
i 35c.

910 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
28.3

17.00

10 -10 -60

19.00

17.00

21.2

15.60
17.10

10 -10 -60

0°)
(10
)

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 Scale became 9 hours per day on July 1, 1917.
3 Rate, in cents, per hour, until 9 p. m ., oO cents per hour thereafter.
4 Full day’ s pay for 6 hours’ work.
6 E very other Sunday and holiday off,- with pay.
6 $1 per trip after 6 p. m .
7 Double tim e after 1 hour and on Saturday afternoons, June to August, inclusive.
8 55 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
9 Allowed 14 days off each year, with pay.
10 No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
1 Scale became 31.7 cents on June 14,1917.
1
12 Scale became 35 cents on June 14,1917.
13 W ork on Sunday prohibited; holidays off, with pay.




-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60

177

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b ie

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

C H A U FFE U R S, T E A M S T E R S , AND D R IV E R S — Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.

'

Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

m b,
For Hours—
Full day; SatSun­
Per
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday
Per week over­
Full week. half Per week
hour. full time. and
hour. full
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

Hours—
Full d ay;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC— continued.

N ew York, N. Y .—Concld.
Drivers, 1-horse trucks,
vmion A ....... .....................
Drivers, 1-horse trucks,
union B ..............................
Drivers, general trucking—
1-horse trucks....................
2-horse trucks....................
3-horse trucks....................
Drivers, grocery delivery—
1-horse trucks....................
2-horse trucks....................
Drivers, m ilk delivery—
Special................................
1 horse......................... ......
2 horses.................. ...........
3 horses...............................
Drivers, poultry d elivery..
Drivers, produce—
1 horse.................................
2 horses...............................
Drivers, sand—
2 horses...............................
3 horses...............................
Drivers, 2-horse trucks,
shipping............................
Drivers, theatrical proper­
ties.................... .................
Drivers, windlass trucks—
1 horse....... ....... . . . . . . . . .
2 horses...............................
3 horses.................... ..........
4 horses__ _____________
Drivers’ helpers—
1-horse express.. . . . . . . __
2-horse express..................
2-horse trucks ..
. .
.Flour...................................
Grocery....... .....................
Milk
.....................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Drivers, beef delivery—
1 horse.................................
2 horses...............................

20.5

13.50

rale inulti'plied
by7 i

18.2

12.00

11 -11 -66

21.2

14.00

1 25c.

(2)

3 10 -10 -66

19.7

13.00

*10 -10 -66

28.3
31.7
35.0

17.00
19.00
21.00

4 40c.
4 40c.
4 40c.

2
2
2

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

25.0
28.3
31.7

15.00
17.00
19.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

31.7
36.7

19.00
22.00

1
1

1
1

510 -10 -60
s 10 -10 -60

(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)

21.4
25.7
30.0
27.1
32.1

15.00
18.00
21.00
19.00
18.00

1
1
1
1
i30c.

1
1
1
1
(8)

30.0

18.00

10 -10 -60

27.3
31.8

18.00
21.00

i35c.
i35c.

27.3
29.5

18.00
19.50

1
1

25.0
27.3

16. 50
18.00

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

33.3

18.00

i 45c.

2

9 -9 -5 4

30.0

18.00

i40c.

10 1

10 -10 -60

30.0
33.3
36.7.
40.0

18.00
20.00
22.00
24.00

4 40c.
4 40c.
4 40c.
4 40c.

2
2
2
2

13.6
29.2
U25.0
30.0
28.3
21.4

9.00
17.50
15.00
18.00
17.00
15.00

115c.
1 .
i 30c.
1
1
1

(*)
H
l
l
1
l

25.7
27.1

18.00
19.00

Cents. Dolls.

1
1

Cents. Dolls.

11 -11 -66

7 10 -10
7 10 -10
7 10 -10
7 10 -10
1 0 -6

-70
-70
-70
-70
-56

12

9 11 -11 -66
li

9 11 -11 -66

11
11

1 1-11 -66
11 -11 -66

l
1

10
10
10
10

-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60

( 6)
(6)
(6)
( 6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

3 io
10
610
5 10
610
7 10

-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

-66
-60
-60
-60
-60
-70

12.1
25. 8

8.00
15. 50

(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)

14 - 0 -70 1 2 12
1 4 - 0 -70 1 12 12

20.0
24.3

14.00
17.00

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 W ork 6 hours on Sundays and holidays; paid for full day.
8 H olidays and every other Sunday off, w ith pay.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour, until 9 p. m .; 50 cents per hour thereafter.
6 A llow ed 14 days off eacn year, with pay.
6 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
i Allow ed 1 day off each m onth, with pay.
8 W ork prohibited.
• Scale became 10 hours per day on July 1,1917.
w For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
1 Scale became 30 cents on June 14,1917.
1
1 Full holiday on Saturdays.
2

62373°—19— Bull. 245------ 12




(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
3 10 -10 -66
10 -10 -60
(6)
(6)

1 4 - 0 -70
1 4 - 0 -70

178

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

CHAUFFEUBS, T E A M STE R S, AN D DRIVERS— Continued.

TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS— ontinued.
C
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

F or
Sun­
Per
For
Per week over­ days
hour. full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

north atlantic —continued.

Philadelphia—Concluded.
Drivers, coal delivery—
1-ton wagon.......................
1^-ton wagon.....................
2-ton w agon.......................
2|-ton wagon.....................
3-ton wagon.......................
4-ton w agon.......................
5-ton w agon.......................
Drivers, general delivery,
1 horse.................................
Drivers, general teaming—
1-horse w agon...................
2-horse w agon ...................
2-horse trucks....................
Single wagons working
double.............................
Drivers, lumber—
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
3-horse lum ber or box
wagons............................
Jiggers.................................
Drivers, piano m overs........
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Drivers, d e p a r t m e n t stores—
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
Providence, R . 1.:
Drivers, carriage..................
Drivers, coal delivery—
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
3 horses...............................
Drivers, department stores
and furniture—
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
Teamsters, general..............
Rochester, N. Y .:
Drivers, brick wagons........
Drivers, building m aterial.
Drivers, coal—
1 horse................................
2 or 3 horses......................
Drivers, delivery wagons,
1 horse................................
Drivers, dum p carts...........
Drivers, general—
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................




May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

1l
5
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Cents.
23.0
23.8
24.6
26.2
26.2
27.9
29.5

Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by-

14.00
14.50
15.00
16.00
16.00
17.00
18.00

135c.
i35c.
i35c.
i 35c.
i 35c.
i35c.
i 35c.

24.1

13.50

4 25c.

12.00
16.00
15.00

4 30c.
4 25c.
4 30c.

20.6

13.00

23.0
26.2
23.0
24.6
33.3

20.00

23.3
25.0

14.00
15.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
1 2 - 9 -81

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

19.0
28.6
23.8

22
22
22
22
22
22
22

Cents. Dolls.

20.0 12.00
21.7
23.3

13.00
14.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60 .
10 -10 -60

11 - 6 -01

25.0
25.8
26.7

15.00
15.50
16.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

1 0 - 6 -56

21.4

12.00

1 0 - 6 -56

1 1 -8 -6 3
1 0 - 6 -56
1 1 -8 -6 3

16.2

10.50

11 -10 -65

0
20.8 i-3.5

4 30e.

1 1 -8 -6 3

17.7

11.50

11 -10 -65

14.00
16.00

4 40c.
4 40c.

1 1 -6 -6 1
1 1 -6 -6 1

20.5
23.8

12.50
14.50

1 1 -6 -6 1
1 1 -6 -6 1

14.00
15.00

4 40c.
4 40c.

1 1 -6 -6 1
1 1 -6 -6 1
10 -10 -60

(3
)
22.1

13.50

(3
)
(3
)

1 1 - 6 -61

17.3

14.00

25.0
26.7
28.3

15.00
16.00
17.00

25.0
26.7
21.7

15.00
16.00
13.00

25.0
25.0

15.00
15.00

23.3
30.0

14.00
18.00

22.5
23.3
22.5
26.7

li

5
1
1
51

1 1 -6 -6 1
1 1 - 6 -61
1 1 - 6 -61
1 1 - 6 -61
1 1 -6 -6 1
1 1 -6 -6 1

f3
>

(3
)

(*)

(*)

11 -10 -65

(3
)
(3
)

16.0

13.00

1 2 - 9 -81

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

21.7
23.3
25.0

13.00
14.00
15.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

23.3
25.0

20.0 12.00

14.00
15.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

24.2
24.2

14.50
14.50

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

6li

7 10 -10 -60
7 10 -10 -60

22.5
25.0

13.50
15.00

7 10 -10 -60
7 10 -10 -60

13.50
14.00

Jit

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

21.7
21.7

13.00
13.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

14.00
16.00

m!
1

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

22.5
25.8

13.50
15.50

10 -1 0 -60
10 -1 0 -6 0

10 -10 -6
Q
li

6li

1 Rate in cents, per hour, until 9 p. m.; tim e and one-half thereafter.
2 For Sundays; for holidays, tim e and one-half.
3 No scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour.
5 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
6 Double tim e after midnight.
7 W ork 55 hours, paid for 60, June to August, inclusive.

UNION SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1911.

179

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEA M STERS, AND D RIVERS— Continued.

TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS— on u ..
C tin ed
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Kate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

For
Sun­
For
Per
over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.
Per

w
eek

NORTH ATLANTIC—concluded.
R ochester,N. Y .—Concluded.
Drivers, ice............................
Drivers, milk........................
Drivers, piano......................
Drivers’ helpers—
General..............................
Ice........ ; .............................
Scranton, Pa.:
Drivers—
Baggage or bus.................
Bakery................................
C o al./.................................
Dump wagon....................
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
Springfield, Mass.:
Drivers, general work—
1 horse, union A ...............
1 horse, union B ...............
2 horses, union A .............
2 horses, union B ............
Drivers, coal—
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
Drivers* helpers, general
work...................................
Teamsters7helpers, coal. . .
Worcester, Mass.:
Drivers, coal—
1 horse.................................
2 horses...............................
Drivers’ helpers, coal..........

Cents. Bolls.

122.00

30.1
24.3 517.00
31.7 19.00
21.7
27.4

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
2 35c.

1

2 35c.

13.00
120.00 2714
25c.

*1
1
2

Rate of
wages—

Hours—
191*,
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents, Bolls.
1 12 -13 -73
6 10 -10 -70
10 -10 -70

10 -10 -60
8 40c. 1 12 -13 -73

1

May 15, 1916.

20.8

12.50
21.9 416.00

10 -10 -60
4 12 -13 -73

14.00
15.00
16.00
16.00
14.00
17.00

n25.0
30.9
i3
28.6
32.7

14.00
17.00
16.00
18.00

94- 94-56
1 0 -5 -5 5
94- 94-56
1 0 - 5 -55

25.0

(12
)
(12
)

14.00

26.8

15.00

1 0 -6 -5 6

1*28.3

W0
3 .0

17.00
18.00

1 10 - 5 -55
5
w 10 - 5 -55

25.0
26.7

15.00
16.00

15 10 - 5 -55
is 10 - 5 -55

1726.8
1 26.7
7

15.00
16.00

94- 94-56
is 10 - 5 -55

32.0
34.0
30.0

16.00
17.00
15.00

9 -5 -5 0
9 -5 -5 0
9 -5 -5 0

(9
)

2
2
2

-10 -60
-10 -60
-10 -60
-10 -60
- 4i-49|
- 4^-49|

4 12 -13 -73

" io -io -eo*

18.50

23.3
25.0
26.7
26.7
28.3
34.3

io 2

10
10
10
10
9
9

24.7 118.00
30.8

23.3
23.3
24.2
30.3

14.00
14.00

12.00
15.00

(12
)
(12
)

10
10
9
9

-10 -60
-10 -60
- 44-494
- 4|-494

(1)
2

1 0 -6 -5 6

i5 10 —5 -55
25.5
27.3
23.6

14.00
15.00
13.00

is 10 - 5 -55
is 10 - 5 -55
is io - 5 -55

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Washington, D. C.:
Drivers—
Bakery salesmen, morn­
ing men........................... 26.7 1916.00
Bakery salesmen, even­
ing men........................... 29.4 2115.00

(2)
0
(2)
0

10 -10 -60
84- 84-51

1 48 hours and $18 per week, N ovem ber to April, inclusive.
2 Rate, in cents, per hour.
3 For holidays; tor Sundays, 50 cents per hour.
4 48 hours and $15 per week, N ovem ber to A pril, inclusive.
e A nd various commissions.
6 Average hours.
* D ouble tim e after m idnight.
® Rate, in cents, per hour for Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
9 W ork on Sundays prohibited; for Labor Day, 70 cents per hour; for other holidays, double tims,
i° 70 cents per hour on Labor Day.
n Scale became 28.6 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
12 No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
13 Scale became 30 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
14 Scale became 30 cents on Sept. 15* 1917.
15 60 hours per week, October to A pril, ineiuskre.
16 Scale became 31.7 cents on Sept. 15, 1917.
17 Scale became 28.6 cents on Aug. 1, 1917.
18 54 hours per week, October to March, inclusive.
19 A nd 10 per cent commission on all sales over $160 per week.
20 $3 per day and 10 per cent commission on all sales over $30.
21 A nd 15 per cent commission on all sales over $100 per week.




180
T a b le

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.— Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TE A M STE R S, AND D RIVERS—Continued.
TE A M STE R S AND D R IV E R S—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

M ay 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

Hours—
A
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays; urday
Full week. half Per week
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

For
Sun­
Per
For
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

Hours—
Full da y;
Saturdays;
Full week.

south atlantic —concluded.

W aslnngton, D. C.—Concld.
Drivers—Concluded.
Bakery, assistant route
agents and extra sales­
m en ..................................
Ice cream delivery............
Milk delivery.....................
Milk, route agents............
Drivers’ helpers, ice cream.

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate inultiplied by—

30.0 18.00
2
25.0 17.50
21.4 515.00
8 25.7 18.00
9 20.0 14.00

3 30c.
1
1
3 30c.

1027.3 18.00
25.0 19.25
24.7 19.04
25.0 15.00
38.3 1323.00
48.1 28.85

3 30c. 3 30c.
1
1
1
3 30c.
830c. 3 30c.
1
(14)
1
(16)

10 -10 -60

(i)
1
(6)
(6)
1

Cents. Dolls.

* 10 -10 -70

7 10 -10 -70
1 10 -10 -70
410 -10 -70

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Drivers—
Baggage and parcels........
Baggage, extra...................
Baggage, office or c ity ---B akery................................
Bakery, sales drivers.......
Bone and tallow ...............
Drivers, building mate­
rial—
1 horse.................................
2 b o rs e s ..............................
3 horses...............................
Brick from cars.................
Brick from vards.............
Pressed brick, 1 horse----Pressed brick, 2 horses...
Drivers, b u s..........................
Drivers, co a ch .....................
Drivers, coal—
1 horse.................................
2 horses...............................
3 horses...............................

1824.6
1 27.3
9
2031.8
2150.0
2230.0
30.0
33.0
30.0
21.0

16.20
18.00
21.00
30.00
18.00
18.00
19.80
18.00
16.15

1h
li
3 35c.
3 35c.
3 45c.
3 45c.
1
3 30c.

18.00
21.00
24.00

3 40c.
3 50c.
3 55c.

n

li

li
li
li
li
li
(23)
1

11
11
1 11
1
i2 10
i2 10
1710

-11
-11
-11
-10
-10
-10

-66
-77
-77
-60
-60
-60

11
11
11
10
10
10
10
10
2 11
<

-11
-11
-11
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-11

-66
-66
-66
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-77

.

26.5

17.50

21.7 16. 73
23.3 14.00
35.0 1521.00
42.3 25.38

11 -11 -66
ii 11
12 10
12 10
10

-11
-10
-10
-10

-77
-60
-60
-60

23.0
25.8
30.3

15.20
17.00
20.00

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

25.8
18.0

17.00
13.85

11 -11 -66
24 11 -11 -77

*

11 -11 -66
22.7 15.00
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
27.3 18.00
11 -11 -66
li
11 -11 -66
31.8 21.00
11 -11 -66
li
1 S3 per day and 10 per cent com m ission on all sales over $30.
2 Scale became 30 cents on June 1, 1917.
8 Rate, in cents, per hour.
* Allow ed 15 days off each year, with pay; in case of illness, 25 days off, with pay.
6 A nd 1 per cent commission on all cash turned in. Commission became 2 per cent on Sept. 1,1917.
6 W ork one-half day, paid for full day.
? Average hours.
8 Scale became 28.6 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
9 Scale became 21.4 cents on June 1, 1917.
10 Scale became 29.5 cents on Aug. 20,1917.
1 A llow ed 1 day off every 2 weeks, with pay.
1
12 Allow ed 1 week’s vacation each year, with pay.
13 A nd 7 per cent com m ission on all sales over $225 per week.
14 W ork prohibited.
16 A nd 7 per cent com m ission on all sales over $200 per week.
is D o not work on Sundays; Memorial Day, double tim e; July 4, regular rate; other holidays off, with pay.
11 A llow ed 2 weeks’ vacation each year, w ith pay.
18 Scale becam e 26.9 cents on June 22,1917.
19 Scale became 29.1 cents on June 22,1917.
20 Scale became 34.1 cents on J u ly 21,1917.
2 Per 1,000 bricks, w ithin 2 m iles o f cars; over 2 m iles, 10 cents per 1,000 additional.
1
22 Scale became 32.5 cents on July 16,1917.
23 $3 for 6 hours or less; $5 for over 6 hours.
24 A llow ed every other Sunday off, with pay.




27.3
31.8
36.4

li

181

U N IO N SCALE OF W AG ES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, H A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

CHAUFFEURS, TEAM STERS, AND DRIVERS— Continued.

TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS— ontinued.
C
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
Sun­
week For days
full over­ and
time. time. holi­
days.

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

Hours—
A
Full d ay; SatPer
Saturdays; urday
Full week. half Per week
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

north central —continued.

Chicago, 111.—Continued.
Drivers, c o m m i s s i o n
house—
1 horse, union E ...............
1 horse, union F ...............
2 horses, union E .............
2 horses, union F ..............
3 horses, union E .............
Drivers, department and
furniture stores—
1 horse, union A ...............
1 horse, union F ...............
2 horses, union A .............
Drivers, excavating—
2-horse wagons..................
3-horse plow s.....................
Drivers, freight, 2 horses___
Drivers, transfermen, 2
horses................................ .
Drivers and packers, fur­
niture..................................
Drivers, f u r n i t u r e and
p ian o............................. .
Drivers, grease wagon—
1 horse...............................
2 horses.............................
3 horses............................. .
Drivers, grocery and mar­
ket, 1 horse....................
Drivers, grocery and m e a t1 horse...............................
2 horses............................. .
Drivers, hay and grain—
1 horse.............................. .
2 horses..............................
3 horses.............................
Drivers—
Hotel and transfer......... .
Ice tru cks.........................
lee wagon, peddlers____
Drivers, iron and stone—
2 horses............................
3 horses.............................
4 horses2
2..........................

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

28.0
30.0
31.1
33.3
32.6

18.50
18.00
20.50
20.00
21.50

i40c.
i40c.
1 40c.
1 40c.
1 40c.

2 14

29.2
27.5
33.3

17.50
16.50
20.00

1
1 40c.

3 14
3 14

533.3
644.4
33.3

18.00 1 40c.
24.00 1 40c.
18.00 1 60c.

35.0

21.00

36.7

22.00

1

34.9

3 2 .0 0

1

930.0 18.00
1030 .O 21.00
H38.3 23.00

1
1
1

1

i35c.

n

2 14
14
2 14

314

2
2
2

Cents. Dolls.
11
10
11
10
11

-11
-10
-11
-10
-11

-66
-60
-66
-60
-66

10 -10 -60
< 10-10 -60
10 -10 -60
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

25.8

15.50

10 -10 -60

30.0

18.00

10 -10 -60

43

18.00

10 -10 -60

18.50

10 -10 -60

14

10 -10 -60

31.7

19.00

10 -10 -60

14

10J-104-63

28.8

19.00

11 -11 -66

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

31.7
35.0

19.00
21.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

10 -10 -60

25.8

15.50

10 -10 -60

(13)
(13)

(13)
(13)

22.0
25.8
28.4

14.50
17.00
18.75

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

20.2 15.58
30.8 1618.50
33.3 1920.00

14 11 -11 -77

18.50
20.00
24.50

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

31
31
31

i50c.

14

12.50
15.00

14

14

(12)
(12)

25.0
28.8
31.4

16.50
19.00
20.75

14
14
14

14
14
14

9 -101-554
9 -10i-5%
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

23.2 17.88 1 30c.
1 I* 11 -11 -77
10 -10 -60
1&31.7 161^9.00 1 35c. i775c.
10 -10 -60
1834.2 1920.50 i35c. i775c.
14
14
14

10 -10 -60

30.0

18.00

19.00
20.50
25.00

10 -10 -60

18.50

30.8

22.5
27.0

2 13 I.I
2-37.9

16.50

30.8

s 1 0 -10 -60

(7)

30.0

2028.8

27.5

2
2
2

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

28.0
30.3
37.1

(13)

00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

n Scale becanw
1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
i 2 W ork prohibited; holidays off, with pay.
2 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
is No scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
3 For Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
* Thursdays, during June, July, and August, half u Allowed every other Sunday off, with pay.
15 Scale became 36.7 cents on June 1,1917.
holiday, with pay.
16 $18 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
5 Scale became 36.1 cents on Jijne 25,1917.
17 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holi­
6 Scale became 47.2 cents on June 25,1917.
days, double tim e.
7 D o not work on Sundays; Memorial D ay,
is Scale became 39.2 cents on June 1,1917.
double tim e; July 4, regular rate; other holidays
19 $18.50 per week, Novem ber to A pril, inclusive.
off, with pay.
20 Scale became 31.1 cents on June 18,1917.
8 A llow ed 2 weeks’ vacation each year, with
2 Scale became 33.3 cents on June 18,1917.
1
pay.
22 Drivers take care of the horses.
s Scale became 33.3 cents on June 15,1917.
» Scale became 40.2 cents on June 18,1917.
Scale became 38.3 cents on June 15,1917.




182

BU LLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOE STATISTICS.

Tabus A___UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOE IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TE A M STE R S, AND D RIVERS—Continued.

TEAMSTEES AND DRIVERS— ontinued.
C
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 19-17.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

M ay 15,1916.
R ate of
wages—

For Hours—day; A
Full
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday
For days
Per week
Full week. half Per week
hour. M il over­ and
hour. full
time.
holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

north central —continued.

Chicago, 111.—Continued.
Drivers—
Laundry, hotel, and res­
taurant............................
Laundry, light w a g o n s,.
Laundry, w hite goods, 1
horse................................
L aundry, branches, 1
horse................................
Laundry and d yeh ou se..
Laundry and dyehouse,
towel s u p p ly ..................
Drivers, lum ber, b o x and
shavings—
1 horse................................
2 horses...............................
3 horses...............................
Drivers, m achinery m ov­
ing—
1 horse................................
2 hofrses...............................
2 horses, parcel..............
3 horses...............................
4 horses i6............................
4 horses18............................
6 horses18............................
Drivers, m achinery and
safe m overs........................
Drivers, machinery m ov­
ing and general team­
ing—
1 horse...............................
2 horses...............................
Drivers, m ilk—
R ou te foremen and in ­
spectors ...........................
R ou te m en ...................
R oute men, retail.............

Cents. Dolls.

21.00

38.9 i
31.5 3 17,00

Regular
rate multiplied by—

9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

(2
)

Dolls.

(2
)

(2
)

3 16.00

9-9-54

6 16.00

9 - 9 -54

27.8 5 15.00

9 - 9 -54

33.3 7 18.00
37.0

9 -9 -5 4
9 - 9 -54

(2
)

(2
)

31.5 6 17.00

46.3 0 25.00

9 -9 -5 4

37.0

M .0
20 0

9-9-54

(u)

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

24.2

21.2

14.00
16.00
19.00

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

li
li
i4 5
3 c.

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

21.2

14.00
19.00

11 -11 -60
11 -11 -60

31.1
32.6
37.9
46.2

20.50
21.50
25.00
30.50

11 -11
11 -11
11 -11
11 -11

29.5

19.50

11 -11 -60

25.0

14.50
16.50

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

24.7

19.00

620 0
.0

22:7
25.8
30.3

15.00

17.00
(u)
20.00 (u)

1222.0

14.50

25.8
1531.8

17.00

21.00

1938.6
2047.0

25.50
31.00

2130.3

20.00

1329.5 19.50

13.3 22.00
73

27.3
30.3
41.7
27.3
35.0

18.00

14c
4 0.

20.00 i440c.
25.00

621.00
621.00

li

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
9 -9 -6 0
2 11 -11 -77
3
9 -9 -6 0

22.0

(2
)

9-9-54

11 -11 -60

2 11 -11 -77
3

1 A nd 5 per cent com m ission on all starch work handled.
2 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
3 A nd 10 per cent commission on all collections over $95 per week.
4 Work on Sundays prohibited.
6 A nd 7J per cent commission on all business handled.
6 A nd various commissions.
* A nd 5 per cent commission on all business over $150 per week,
s For Sundays; holidays off, w ith pay.
®A nd 2 per cent commission on all collections and credits for first 3 working days.
1 A nd 2 per cent com m ission on all collections and credits for Mondays and Tuesdays.
0
1 30 cents per hour until 8 p .m .; 40 cents per hour thereafter.
1
1 Scale became 24.2 cents on June 18,1917.
2
is Scale became 31.8 cents on June 18,1917.
14 Rate, in cents, per hour.
iG Seale became 34.1 cents on June 18,1917.
16 Drivers take care of 2 horses.
1 Scale became 35.6 cents on June 18,1917.
7
1 Drivers take care of the horses.
8
19 Scale became 40.9 cents on June 18,1917.
30 Seale became 49.-2 cents on June 18,1917.
2 Scale became 32.6 cents on June 18, 1917.
1
22 Allow ed 2 weeks7 vacation each year, w ith pay; work 6 hours on Sundays.
2 Allowed 2 weeks7vacation each year, with pay.
3




-60
-60
-60
-60

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.

Table

183

A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAM STERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.

TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS— ontinued.
C
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
For Hours—day; 1917,
Full
Full day;
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday
For days
Saturdays;
Per week
over­
Full week. hall hour.
Full week.
and
full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

north central —continued.

Regular

Chicago, 111.—Continued.
rate multi­
Drivers, m ilk—Concluded. Cents. Dolls
plied by—
W holesale.......................... 41.7 22.50
Truck, d a y w o r k ............. 30.3 20.00
Truck, night work, 2
horses.............................. 40.7 22.00
Truck, night work, 3 and
4 horses........................... 44.4 24.00
Drivers, newspaper deliv­
ery—
Daywork, agreement A . 33.3 12.00
Daywork, agreement B . 33.3 14.00
Daywork, agreement C .. 33.3 15.00
li
Daywork, agreement D . 33.3 16.00
li
Daywork, agreement E . . 33.3 18.00
li
Night w ork........................ 33.9 19.00
li
Drivers, packing house—
1 horse................................ 30.5 18.58
2 horses............................... 33.7 20.58
Drivers, piano m oving—
Union B ............................. 38. 6 22.00 4 60c.
Union L .............................. 40.7 22.00 4 60c.
Drivers—
Roofing m aterial.............. 28. 8 19.00 4 50c.
Sand carts.......................... 5 3 3 . 3 18.00
4 40c.
Sand wagons..................... e 3 5 . 2 19.00
4 40c.
Street sprinklers—con­
tractors............................ 32.3 21.00
(7
)
Drivers, stone delivery—
1 horse................................ 27.3 18.00 4 35c.
2 horses................................ 31.8 21.00 4 35c.
Drivers, stone, lime, and
cement—
1 horse.................................9 2 4 .5 16.
2 horses.............................. 1027 3 18.00
3 horses............................... 1131.8 21.00
Drivers, street railway—
Dum p, m oney, or tower
wagons............................ 25.5 16.80
W reck wagons................... 27.3 18.00
1-horse wagons.................. 24.1 15.90
Drivers, garbage wagons,
2 horses...............................1231.7 22.17
Drivers and salesmen, tea
and coffee........................... 41.7 1420.00
Drivers—
Single wagon with team
attached, union A ........U&25.8 17.00 1645c.
Single wagon with team
attached, union B ........p25.8 17.00 1730c.

1
1

1 Allow ed 2 weeks’ vacation each year, w ith pay;
Work 6 hours on Sundays.
2 No scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
3 For Sundays; work on holidays prohibited.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour.
^ Scale became 36.1 cents on June 25,1917.
6 Scale became 38 cents on June 25, 1917.
7 W ork prohibited.
8 For holidays; work half day on Sundays, paid
for full day.
9 Scale became 26.8 cents on June 22, 1917.




1 8 - 8 -54

Cents. Dolts.

110 -10 -66
■ 8 -54
■8 -54
6 -6 -3 6
7 -7 -4 2
7i - 7J-45
8 -8 -4 8
9 -9 -5 4
8 -8 -5 6

(2
)
(2
)
(2
)
(2
)
(3
)
(2
)

27.9
10
n- n-6i
31.1
10|f- 7i-61

(2
)
(2
)
(2
)
(2
)
(2
)
(2
)

(2
)
(2
)
(2
)
(2
)
(2
)
(2
)

17.00
19.00

10||- 7i-61
10| f- 7i-61

33.3
36.7

21.00
22.00

10J -10^-63
10 -10 60

10 -10 -65

27.7

18.00

10 -10 -65

11 -11 -6
6
11 -11 -66

(2
)
(2
)

(2
)
(2
)

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

15.20
17.00

30.3

20.00

11 -11 -6
6
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -6
6

23.2
25.0
22.7

15.30
16.50
15.00

11 -11 -6
6
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

10 -10 -70

28.3

19.83

10 -10 -70

9i - 9|-57
9 -9 -5 4

11 -11 -66
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

23.0

25.8

(2
)
(2
)

11 -11 -6
6
11 -11 -66

10 Scale becam e 29.5 cents on June 22, 1917.
n Scale becam e 34.1 cents on June 22, 1917.
12 Scale becam e 35 cents on June 15, 1917.
13 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
14 And various com m issions.
15 Scale became 28 cents on June 1, 1917.
1 Rate, in cents, for first hour; 60 cents for second
6
hour, and tim e and one-half thereafter.
17 Rate, in cents, per hour, until 8 p. m .; 45 cents
per hour thereafter.

184

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU

OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAM STERS, AND D RIVERS—Continued.

TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—C
ontinued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of w ages-

Geographical division and
city.

For
Sun­
Per
Per. week For days
hour. full over­ and
time. time. holi­
days.

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

Hours—
A
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Hours—
F ull d a y;
Saturdays;
Full week.

north central —continued.

Chicago, 111.—Concluded.
Drivers, yard and general Cents. Dolls.
team ing.............................. 1 31.7 19.00
Drivers, general—
1 horse, union M ............... 24.4 16.85
1 horse, union N ............... 4 22.7 15.00
2 horses, union M ............. 29.0
2.horses, union N ............. 6 27.3
3 horses, union N ............. 7 30.3
4 horses, union N ............. 8 31.8
6 horses, union N . . .......... 9 34.8 23.00
Drivers, trucks—
1 horse................................ 4 22.7 15.00
2 horses............................... 6 27.3
3 horses............................... 7 30.3
4 horses............................... 8 31.8
6 horses............................... 9 34.8 23.00
Drivers’ helpers—
Baggage delivery.............. 18.7 14.42
Baggage, extra ..................
15.40
Bone and tallow ............... 32.7 19.62
Department store and
furniture, union A ........ 25.8 15.50
Department store and
furniture, union B ____ 26.7
Furniture........................... 25.0 15.75
Extra furniture................ 35.0 22.05
Furniture and piano........ 30.2 19.00
Grease wagon, 2 horses.. _ 1 31.7 19.00
5
Grease wragon, 3 horses... i«35.0
Ice trucks, or peddlers. . . 1 3 .0 1718.00
50
Piano, union B ................. 38.9
Piano, union L ................. 38.9
Street railway, wreck
wT
agon............................. 25.5
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Drivers—
Bakery............................... 26.7 16.00
Bakery and pie, 1-horse . 26.7 16.00
Bakery and pie, 2 horses. 26.7 16.00
Bakery and pie, sales___ 25.0 2015.00
22.9
Carriages........................
Furniture, 1-horse wagon 24.2 14.50

rate multi­
plied! by—
1

Cents, Dolls.

21

28.3

17. tX)

22.2

15.30

111 -11H»

24.4

10 -10 -60

16.85

111 -111-69

u 11 -11 -77

20.00
18.00
20.00
21.00

3 40c.
5 45c.
3 40c.
5 45c.
5 45c.
5 45c.
5 45c.

u
11
11
11
11
11
H

lli-111-69
l l V i l -66
111-111-69
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

18.00
20.00
21.00

i«30c.
1030c.
1030c.
io30c.
io30c.

H
11
11
H

11
11
11
11
11

3 30c.
1
1

1
1

1 11 1 -11 -77

(1 2 )

11 -11 -77
1 10 -10 -60
3

3 40c.

2 I*

1 1 10 -10 -60

1
2 11
3 40c.
11
1
11
1
H
21
1
21
1
3 35c. 1875c.
2
3 60c.
2
3 60c.

10 -10 -60
10J-10J-63
101-10^-63
101-101-63
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
9 - 9 -54
9 -9 -5 4
11 -11 - 6 6

23.2

10
10
10
10
10
10

20.7 14.50
23.3 14.00
25.0 15.00
23.3 2014.00
14.00

20.0

16.00

21.00
21.00
21.00
16.80

16.00

n

li

n

1
1
1
1
1
u

(1 9 )
(19)
(1 9 )
(! 9 )
1
2

11

-11
-11
-11
-11
-11

-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

10 -10 -60

-66
-66
-66
-66
-66

-60
-60
-60
-60
-70
-60

15.7

12.12

27.'9'

16.73

23.3

14.00

30.0
25.8
28.3
31.7
29.6
35.0
31.7

19.80
17.00
17.00
19.00

13
4

1 1 .7
77 5

21.00
20.00
15.30

20.0 (2)
1
(” )

10 -10 -60
11 -11 -6
6
11 -11 -6
6
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

1 1 0 -6
0 -1 1 3

11 -11 -66
10
10
10
10
11 10

-10
-10
-10
-10
_io

(2)
1

-70
-60
-60
-60
-70

1 Do not work on Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
1
1 Scale became 35 cents on June 15, 1917.
2 For Sundays; holidays off, with pay.
13 Allow ed 2 weeks’ vacation each year, with pay.
n Thursdays, during June, July, and August, half
3 Rate, in cents, per hour.
holiday, with pay.
* Scale became 25 cents on June 11, 1917.
15 Scale became 35 cents on June 15,1917.
6 Rate, in cents, for first hour; 60 cents for second
hour, and tim e and one-half thereafter.
1 Scale became 38.3 cents on June 15, 1917.
8
6 Scale became 29.5 cents on June 11,1917.
1 $17.25 per week, N ovem ber to April, inclusive.
7
* Scale became 32.6 cents on June 11,1917.
18 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holi­
8 Scale became 34.1 cents on June 11,1917.
days, double time.
® Scale became 37.1 cents on June 11, 1917.
i» W ork prohibited.
10 Rate, in cents, per hour, until 8 p. m .; 45 cents
20 A nd 3 per cent com m ission on sales over $100
per hour thereafter,
per week.
u A llow ed every other Sunday off, with pay.
» N scale in effect on M 15,1916.
o
ay




185

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

CHAUFFEURS, TEAM STERS, AND DRIVEfRS— Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical jdivision and
city.

For
Sun­
For
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
days.

Per

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

A

Hours—
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

north central—continued.

Cincinnati, Ohio—Concld.
Drivers—Concluded.
Ice, route............................
Ice cream, 1 horse............
Ice cream, route...............
Ice cream, truck............. .
Milk route..........................
Milk route, foremen.........
Milk truck..........................
Milk truck, wholesale___
Stores..................................
1 horse, heavy wagon—
2 horses...............................
2 horses, light wagon___
2 horses, heavy wagon. . .
3 horses...............................
3 or 4 horses.......................
Supply wagon...................
Piano-movmg wagons. . .
Piano and furniture vans
Drivers* helpers—
Agreement A ....................
Agreement B .....................
Ice route.............................
Furniture...........................
Milk truck..........................
1 horse, light wagon........
Cleveland, Ohio:
Drivers—
Excavating........................
Furniture van...................
Furniture, 1-horse............
1 horse, light wagon........
1 horse, heavy wagon___
2 horses, wagon.................
2 horses, truck...................
3, horses, truck, union A .
3 horses, truck, union B .
Water wagon....................

Cents, Bolls.
31.7

19.00

20.6 5 13.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied

i 40c. 2 40c.

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2

28.6 6 18.00
28.6 18.00 •
28.6 6 18.00
li
2 0 li
34.9 2 .0
28.6 18.00
li
31.0 6 19.50
li
21.4 15.00
.1
823.3 14.00
1
h
27.5 16.50
li
1 25.0 15.00
0
li
6 0 li
H26.7 1 .0
29.2 17.50
li
1227.5 16.50
li
25.8 17.00 MOc. 2 40c.
31.7 19.00 135c. 13l i
28.3 17.00 i30c. « l i

It

B23.3

24.2

14.00
14.50

26.7
25.0
23.8
i4
21.7

1 .0
60

30.6
31.7
28.3

16.50
19.00
17.00
12.50
13.50
14.50
16.50
18. 50

20.8

22.5
24.2
37.5
30.8
31.8
28.8

15.00
15.00
13.00

21.00
19.00

2
li
2
li
1 40c. 2 40c.
i 30c. «1i
1
li
li
“ 1i

li
1lU
6i
11
6|
1li
6
1U
6J
11
6
130c.
i30c.

-10 -60
-9 -6 3
- 9 -63
- 9 -6 3
-9 -6 3
7 9 - 9 -63
79 -9 -6 3
79 - 9 -63
1 -10 -70
0
1 -10 -60
0
1 -10 -60
0
1 -10 -60
0
1 -10 -60
0
1 -10 -60
0
1 -10 -60
0

1 -1 -66
1 1
1 -10 -60
0
1 -10 -60
0

Cents, Bolls.
28.3 * 17.00
16.4 &11.50
14.00
21.4 15.00
22.9 6 16.00
26.4 18.50
2 .1 15. 50
2
24.6 17. 25
19.3 13.50
21.7 13.00

20.0

(9
)

23.3
25.0

(9
)

(9
)

14.00
15.00

i90
16 >
.0
13.00
(9
)
)
(9 (9
)

26.7
18.1
(9)

“ 10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

(9
)

-60
-70
-70
-70
-70
-70
-70
-70
-70
-60

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

(9
)

10 -10 -60
12 -12 -72

(9
)
(9
)

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
9 -9 -6 3
10 -10 -60

21.7

13.00

10 -1 0 -60

21.7

13.00

10 -10 -60

9 -9 -5 4
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
« 10 -10 -60
1 10 -10 -60
7
1 10 -10 -6D
7
1710 -10 -60
1 10 -10 -60
7

25.0
30.8
27.5

15.00
18.50
16.50

21.7
23.3
26.7
30.0
31.1
28.0

13.00
14.00
16.00
18.00
20. 50
18.50

is1 -10 -66
0
1 -11 -66
1

(9
)
(9
)
20.4
(9
)

(9
)
(9
)
14.25
(9
)

.0
20.0 12 0

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
3 54 hours per week, November to March, inclusive.
* 54 hours and $15 per week, November to March, inclusive.
* A nd 2 cents for each delivery package over 50 per week returned.
6 A nd various commissions.
7 A llow ed 2 weeks* vacation each year, with pay.
8 Scale became 24.2 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
9 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
10 Scale became 25.8 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
u Scale became 27.5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
1 Scale became 28.3 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
2
13 For holidays; do not work on Sundays.
1 Scale became 22.5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
4
1 Double tim e after 2 hours.
6
1 Double tim e after 8 p. m.
6
17 Allowed 6 days off each year, with pay.
is W ork 6 hours on Sundays.




4 10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

00
(9
^
10 -10
(9
)

10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
1710 -10
1710 -10
1710 -10
1710 -10
1710 -10
1210 -10

-70

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-66

1 -11 -66
1

186

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OP LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEA M STERS, AND D RIVE RS— Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

A

For Hours—day;
Full
SatSun­
Per
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week over­
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

Hours—
F ull day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

north central —continued.

Cleveland, Ohio—Concluded.
Drivers, ice delivery—
Itou te................................
Special orders..................
2 horses.............................
Route forem en ................
Drivers, m ilk delivery—
Retail, special or whole
sale.................................
Truck, night....................
Drivers' helpers—
Furniture van.................
Ice delivery......................
Columbus, Ohio:
Drivers, ice ..........................
Drivers7helpers, i c e ..........
Des Moines, Iow a:
Drivers—
2 horses, general.............
Transfer............................
1 horse............................. .
2 horses.............................
D etroit, Mich.:
Drivers, bakery—
W holesale and retail........
R eta il............................
W holesale.....................
Drivers, bottled w a ter..
Drivers, general—
1 horse...........................
2 horses..........................
3 horses..........................
4 horses.........................
Drivers, ic e ......................
Drivers, m ilk, wholesale
Drivers, tea and coffee........
Drivers, windlass w agon...
Dri vers7helpers.............
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Drivers, bakery—
Bread wagon, 1-horse___
Cake wagon, 1-horse____
Cake wagon, or truck, 2
horses............................
Truck, 3 horses............. .
Drivers, general—
1 horse...............................
2 horses.............................

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate 'multi­
plied by—

31.8
23.5
28.8
37.9

21.00

3 26.4
28.0

18.46
19.62

26.7
23.5

16.00
15.50

i30c.

21 -10 -66
0

29.2 6 17.50
25.0 6 15.00

1
1

Cents-. Dolls.

*1 -10 -66
0
21 -10 -66
0
«10 -10 -66
*1 -10 -66
0

i30c.

1
1
n

20.50
15.00
18-50
24.50

(5
)
(B
)

(5
)
(5
)

10 -10 -60

i3te.

31.1
22.7
28.0
37.1

410 -10 -70
410 -10 -70

i 30c.
130c.

25.8
22.7

15.50
15.00

21 -10 -66
0

27.8

15.00

17.5
22.5

10.50
13.50

9 -9 -5 4
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

7 15.50
21.7 »13.00
33.3 W0 0
2 .0

30.6
22.5

16.50
13.50

27.5

16.50

9 -9 -5 4
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

62.5
62.5
62.5
40.0

30.00
30.00
30.00
24.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
10 -10 -60

30.0
35.0
37.5
40.0
31.7
42.9
37.5
37.5
35.0

18.00

2
20.0 1 .00

10
10
10
10
10
ii 6
ii 8
10
10

21.00
22.50
24.00
19.00
18.00

11 .0
28 0
22.50
21.00

21.7 l313.00
25.0 15.00
28.3
30.0

17.00
18.00

21.7
25.0

13.00
15.00

14n
14 l|

1 li
4
1n
4
ii
ii

-10
-10
-10
-10
-10
- 6
- 8
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-42
-48
-60
-60

20.0 12.00

(5
)

(5
)

26.5
30.0
32.5
35.0

15.90
18.00
19.15

(6
)

21.00
(5
)

(5
)
(5
)
10 -1 0 -60

s 10 -10 -60
810 -10 -60
810 -10 -60

(5
)

10
10
10
10

-10
-10
-10
-10

* (5
)

-60
-60
-60
-60

37.5 9 18.00
32.5 19.50
30.0 18.00

n 8 - 8 -48
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

21.7

13.00

10 -10 -60

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

25.0
26.7

15.00
16.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 W ork 6 hours on Sundays.
3 For first 6 months; for second 6 m onths, 29 cents; thereafter, 30.5 eents.
* Allow ed 2 days off each m onth, w ith pay.
6 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
6 $16 per week, Novem ber to A pril, inclusive.
7 A nd 10 per cent com m ission on sales over $200 per week.
8 Average hours; do not work on Saturdays.
®A nd 10 per cent com m ission on sales over $150 per week.
10 A nd 10 per cent commission on sales over $250 per week.
11 Average hours.
i* A nd 12 per cent com m ission on sales over $150 per week.
18A n d 4 p ercen t com m ission on all sales over $200 per week.
14 For Sundays; work on holidays prohibited.




*1 -10 -66
0
II -11 -66
2W -10 -66
21 -10 -66
0

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

15.50
19.00
25.00

187

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1&17.
T a b le

A ___ U N IO N

SC A L E O P W A G E S A N D H O U R S O F L A B O R IN E A C H
T R A D E , E T C .— C ontinued.

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS-Oontinued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
w agesend­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
For Hours—day; 1917,
F ull
Full day;
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday
For days
Saturdays;
Per week
over­
Full week. half
Full week.
and
hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
M ay 15, 1917.

Rate of
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per
hour.

full
time.

n o r t h c e n t r a l —continued.

Indianapolis, In d .—Concld.
Drivers, ice ............................
Drivers’ helpers, ic e ...........
Kansas City, Mo.;
Drivers—
Bakery, retail...................
Bakery, wholesale...........
D o . '.................................
Pie wagon..........................
1 horse, light w agon........
2 horses, light wagon.......
2 horses, heavy w agon. . .
3 horses.................... .........
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Drivers—
Coal teams.........................
Ice route...........................
Ice, wholesale.................. .
Milk...................................
Moving vans.................... .
Team, 2 or more ton s ___
Omaha, Nebr.:
Drivers, freight—
2 horses, light wagon
2 horses, heavy w agon.. .
Drivers, piano trucks or
w a g on s..............................
Drivers, general work—
1-horse w agon.................
2-ton,.or under, tru ck s...
Over 2-ton trucks...........
Drivers' helpers—
Trucks or wagons...........
Moving vans....................
Peoria, 111.:
Drivers, ice..........................
Drivers' helpers, ic e ..........

Cents. Dolls.
22.7
20.5

j Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

15.00
13.50

33.3 1 0 0
2 .0
30.0 3 18.00
30.0 6 18.00
30.0 718.00
22.5 13.50
25.0 15.00
27.5 16.50
32.5 19.50

1 -11 -66
1
1 -11 -66
1
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60

1 i« 10 -10 -60
27.5 16.50 9 35c.
28.3 17.00 9 35c. 9 35c.
10 -10 -60
2
n32.7 1119.62
1 1 u 13 10 -10 -60
ll27.9 1116.73
1 1 li 13 10 -10 -60
4
1
i<27.5 1517.3l
1 9 - 9 -63
6
30.0 18.00 9 35c. 9 35c.
10 -10 -60
26.7 16.00 9 35c. 9 35c.
10 -10 -60
26.7
30.0

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

16.00
18.00

20.00
23.3
30.0
33.3

20
.00

27.5
30.0

16.50
18.00

14.00
18.00

10 -10 -60

li
H
li
li

25.7 *18,50 *9 40e.
22.9 a 16.50 is 40c.

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

22
0
22
0

Cents. Dolls.

26.7 2 16.00
30.0 18.00
8.00
30.0 M
26.7 8 16.00

20
20.0 1 .0

10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10
10 -10

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60
-60

22.5
25.0
30.0

13. 50
15.00
18.00

25.0
26.7

15.00
16.00

10 10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

27.5
25.0

16.50
15.00

10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

(1 )
7
(1)
7
(1)
7
(1)
7
(17)
(1)
7
(1)
7
(1)
7

(1 7 )
(1 7 )

(!7
)
(1 )
7
(1 )
7
(1 )
7
(1)
7
(1 7 )

<7
1)
<7
1)
(1)
7
(1 7 )

8
(17)

(I7
)

18 12 -12 -72
21 12 -12 -72

I A nd 10 per cent com m ission on all sales over $200 per week.
J A nd 10 per cent commission on all sales over $80 per week.
8 A nd 10 per cent com m ission on all sales up to $3(X) per week; over $300, 6 per cent oom mission.
4 A nd 10 per cent com m ission on all sales over $180 per week and 50 cents per d a y for caring for horses.
6 A nd 10 per cent commission on all sales over $300 per week.
6 A nd 10 per cent com m ission on all sales over $180 per week.
7 A nd 10 per cent com m ission on sales up to $100; 8 percen t on sales of from $101 to $300; and 6 per cent
on sales over $300 per week.
8 A nd 9 per cent com m ission on sales over $169 per week.
9 Rate, in cents, per hour.
10 W ork 70 hours every other week.
II 26.9 cents per hour, $16.15 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
1 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
2
1* Average hours.
1 Scale became 33.3 cents and various commissions, on Sept. 1,1917
4
16 A nd various commissions.
1 A llowed 14 days off each year, w ith pay.
6
17 No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
w 60 hours and $16 per week, October to March, inclusive.
1 Rate, in cents, per hour; 50 cents per hour for deliveries to hospitals, steam boats, and ice-cream man­
9
ufacturers.
2 W ork on Sundays prohibited.
0
2160 hours and $15 per week, October to March, inclusive.




188
T a b le

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TE A M STE R S AND D R IV E R S—Continued.

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

No r t h

c e n t r a l — continued.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

Regular

rate inultiSt. Louis, Mo.:
Cents. Bolls. plied by—
Drivers, coal—
11 -11 -66
1 horse................................ 18.9 12.50
*14
1 1li
11 -11 -66
2 horses............................... 24.2 16.00
2 horses, 5,000 pounds or
1 *14
11 -11 -66
under............................... 20.5 13.50
1 *14
11 -11 -66
3 horses............................... 28.0 18.50
Drivers,department store—
21
10 -10 -60
1 horse................................. 23.3 14.00
14
10 -10 -60
2 horses................................ 25.0 15.00 . 2 1
14
1
10 -10 -60
Drivers, m oving................... 28.3 17.00
h
Drivers, furniture—
31
10 -10 -60
1 horse................................. 27.5 16.50
14
31
10 -10 -60
2 horses............................... 29.2 17.50
14
Drivers, general work—
104-101-63
1
1-horse tru ck ..................... <20.6 13.00
14
2-horse truck,under 5,000
1
104-104-63
p ounds............................ 523.3 14.70
14
2-horse truck, over 5,000
1
104-104-63
pounds............................ 626.2 16.50
14
1
104-10^-63
3-horse tru ck ..................... 728.1 17.70
14
1
10^-104-63
4-horse tru ck ..................... 830.0 18.90
14
Drivers, grocery delivery—
1
11 -11 -66
2 horses............................... 21.2 14.00
14
1
11 -11 -66
2 horses, heavy tru cks. . . 22.7 15.00
14
1
11 -11 -66
3 horses, heavy tru ck s. . . 24.2 16.00
14
1 io 30c. 9 11 -11 -66
Drivers, ice.......................... 28.8 919.00
Drivers, m ilk—
(13)
1
1
R eta il.................................. 12.2 1212.00
(13)
1
1
D o .................................... 13.3 1213.00
1
10 -10 -70
Special................................ 1420.0 14.00 is 25c.
1
5
10 -10 -70
21.4 15.00 1 35c.
Station wagon, 2 horses.. i6
(13)
1
1
7
W holesale.......................... 1 20.0 1819.62
(!3)
1
1
°20.77
D o .................................... 1921.2 £
1 21 l l i - n i - 7 8 !
Drivers, public carriage___ 19.0 15.00 i5 25c.
104-104-63
1
Drivers, p ull-up................... 2220.6 13.00
14

Cents. Bolls.
i
........1 ..........
!
....
....

i
L.
1..
|
|
1
1
i

’

27.3 1118.00

ii 11 -11 -66

14.3 1214.00
14.3 1214.00
14.3 14.00
14.3 14.00
14.3 14.00
14.3 14.00

(13)
(13)
14 -14 -98
14 -14 -98
(!»)
(i3)

1 For Labor Day, double tim e.
2 A nd 25 cents for supper, after 6 p. m.
8 Tim e and one-half after 1 hour.
4 Scale became 23 cents on Aug. 16,1917.
* Scale became 25.7 cents on Aug. 16,1917.
« Scale became 28.6 cents on A ug. 16, 1917.
7 Scale became 30.5 cents on Aug. 16,1917.
8 Scale became 32.4 cents on Aug. 16,1917.
» 60 hours and $17 per week, Novem ber to A pril, inclusive.
10 Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sunday; for holidays tim e and one-half.
1 60 hours and $15 per week, N ovem ber to A pril, inclusive.
1
12 A nd various commissions.
13 Hours vary; total about 98 per week.
14 Scale became 20.7 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
io Rate, in cents, per hour.
io Scale became 22.1 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
I? Scale became 20.5 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
is For routes selling less than $2,000 w orth of m ilk each month.
19 Scale became 21.7 cents on Sent. 1, 1917.
20 For routes selling over $2,000 worth of m ilk each month.
2 A llow ed 2 days off each m onth, w ith pay.
1
22 Scale became 23.8 cents on Aug. 16,1917.




Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

m h,
For Hours—
Full day; SatSun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
For
Per week over­ days
Full week. half
hour. full time. and
hour. full
holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

189

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AN D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 191$.
T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

CHAUFFEURS, TEAM STERS, AND DRIVERS— Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
Sun­
Per
For
Per weok over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

Hours—
Full day;

191*,
SatPer
urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

n o r t h c e n t r a l — concluded.

St. Louis, Mo.—Concluded.
Drivers, tea and coffee—
Salesmen...........................
2-horse tru ck .....................
3-horse tru ck ................... .
Drivers' helpers—
I c e ......................................
1-horse w agon................. .
2-horse tru ck ................... .
St. Paul, Minn.:
Drivers, ice.......................... .
Drivers, ice, 2 horses......... .
Drivers* helpers, ic e ...........

Cents. Bolls.
33.3 * 18.00
30.6 16.50
32.8 17.70

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

1
1
1

}*
li

9 - 9 -54
9 -9 -5 4
9 -9 -5 4

(2)
(2)
(2)

(*)
(2)
(2)

3 30c.
li

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

23.3

14.00

10 -10 -60

li

(6)
H
(6/

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

30.8 7 18.46
27.5 16.50
28.9 s 17.31

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

25.0
25.8
26.7

15.00
15.50
16.00

1
*1
41

33.7
31.0

20.19
18.60
; 18.46

1
1
1

li

(2)
(2)
(2)

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex.:
Drivers, ice delivery—
31.3 17.50
R etail...............................
27.5 19.25
W holesale........................ .
Drivers7 helpers, ice de­
livery—
25.0 14.00
1
Retail................................ 20.0 14.00
1
W holesale........................
Houston, T ex.: Drivers,car­ 14.3 12.00 12 25c.
riage......................................
Louisville, K y .:
1321.9 10.50
li
Drivers.................................
50.0 24.00
li
Teamsters............................
Memphis, Tenn.:
1
16.7 isiO. 00
Drivers, laundry................ 20.0 1 12.00
5
1
D o ....................................
N ew Orleans, La.:
18.6 13.00 17 75c.
Drivers, carriage................. 28.0 16.80
45c.
Teamsters and loaders____
Butte, Mont.:
Drivers—
2 horses.............
3 and 4 horses.
6 horses.............
Drivers7helpers.

1*22.50
53.1 1825.50
59.4 1828.50
46.9 1822.50

i° 8 - 8 -56
10 -10 -70
i<>8 - 8 -53
ii 10 -10 -70
12 -12 -84
2
2

5 -8 -4 8
i - 8 -48

(1 4 )
(14)

(14)
(14)

(14)
(14)

(16)
(16)

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)

1
2

10 -10 -70
10 -10 -60

8 —8 —
48
8 -8 -4 8
8 - 8 -48
8 -8 -4 8

10 -10 -70

43.8
50.0
56.3
43.8

21.00
24.00
27.00
21.00

1 A nd 10 per cent commission on sales and collections above $150 per week.
2 Not organized on May 15,1916.
* Rate, in cents, per hour, for Sunday; for holidays, tim e and one-half.
* Tim e and one-half after 1 hour.
6 $18.46 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
6 $3 per day.
7 $16 per week, Novem ber to A pril, inclusive.
8 $17.31 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
8 $16.15 per week, Novem ber to April, inclusive.
i° Hours vary, but total 56 per week.
11 Hours vary, but total 70 per week.
12 Rate, in cents, per hour.
13 Scale became 28.1 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
u N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
1 A nd free washing to the extent of $1 per week; and 15 per cent on all in excess of $50 brou
6
16 For Sundays, $3 per day ; for holidays, regular rate.
1 Rate, in cents, per hour, after 10 p. m.
7
18 A nd 25 cents per day additional when copper sells at 15 cents or more per pound.




8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

190

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A . — U N IO N

S C A L E O P W A G E S A N D H O U R S O P L A B O R IN E A C H
T R A D E , E T C .—C on tin ued.

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
days.

w e s t e r n —continued.

Portland, Oreg.:
Drivers—
Furniture wagon, 3 horses
1-horse w agon ...................
2 horses, light w agon___
Over 2^-tons capacity___
Drivers7 helpers...................
Drivers1 helpers, m achin­
ery w agon..........................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Teamsters, building mate­
rial .....................
Teamsters, general .. .
San Francisco, Cal.:
Driver, bakery wagon
.,
Drivers,
building
ma­
terial—
2 horses...............................
2 horses, brick wagon----4-horse wagon or 2horse t r u c k s .... ............
6-horse wagon...................
Drivers, department and
hardware stores—
1 horse.................................
2 horses......... .....................
Drivers, fruit wagon, 1
horse...................................
Drivers, grocery and liquor
stores—
1 horse.................................
2 horses................ ..... .........
Drivers, ice wagon...............
Drivers, m ilk —
Route, wholesale and
retail................................
Route, relief......................
Drivers, parcels—
1 horse.................................
2 horses...............................
Drivers, general—
1-horse small w a g o n .......
1-horse large wagon or 2horse wagon, under 2
tons ca p a city.................
1-horse truck, or wagons
of 2 to 4 tons capacity..
2-horse truck or wagon
over 4 tons......................
4-horse trucks or 6-horse
plow teams.....................
Drivers’ helpers, ice wagon.

27.5
30.0
27.5

19.50
25.0
16.50
18.00
16.50

i
i
i
i
i

30.0

18.00

27.5
27.5

1
1
15.00
1
1
1

Rate of
wages—

Hours—
A
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate %
nultiplied by—

Cents. Dolls.

May 15, 1916.

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

li
li
li

10
10
10
10
10

11

li

10 -10 -60

16.50
16.50

n

}*
li

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

25.0

15.00

10 -10 -60

335.0

21.00

1

1

* 10 -10 -60

35. 0
37.5

21.00
22.50

< 75c.
4 75c.

li
li

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

30.0
32.5

18.00
19.50

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

40.0
50. 0

24.00
30.00

4 75c.
4 75c.

li
li

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

35.0
45.0

21.00
27.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

30.0
35.0

18.00
21.00

( 5)
( 5)

2
2

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

25.0
30.0

15.00
18.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

38.3

23.00

* 50c.

li

10 -10 -60

33.3

20.00

10 -10 -60

30.0
35.0
42.5

18.00
21.00
24.23

4 40c.
4 50c.
4 60c.

2
2
( 6)

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
9^-57

25.0
30.0
36.5

15.00
18.00
21.92

35.7
39.4

22.50
24. 81

4 50c.
4 50c.

1
1

89
89

33.0
36.6

20.77
23.08

89
89

32.5
35.0

19.50
21.00

(5)
(5)

2
2

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

27.5
30.0

16.50
18.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

25.0

15.00

4 50c.

li

10 -10 -60

20.0

12.00

10 -10 -60

30.0

18.00

4 50c.

li

10 -10 -60

25.0

15.00

10 -10 -60

35.0

21.00

4 60c.

li

10 -10 -60

30.0

18.00

10 -10 -60

40.0

24.00

4 60c.

li

10 -10 -60

35.0

21.00

10 -10 -60

45.0
36.8

27.00
21.00

4 75c.
4 60c.

li
( 6)

10 -10 -60
7 9i - 9J-57

40.0
32.5

24.00
19.50

10 -10 -60
*10 -10 -60

32.5

li

li
if

-10
-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60
-60

7 9j_

- 9 -63 .........
_ 9 _63

(2)
20.0
25.0

12.00
15.00

( 2)

(2)

(*)

(2)

(2>

(2)

(*>
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

( 2)

*

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

i Tim e and one-half after 1 hour.
3 Not organized on May 15, 1916.
3 Scale became 46.3 cents and 54 hours on May 21,1917.
4 Rate, m cents, per hour.
6 $1.50 per trip not exceeding 3 hours; for more than 3 hours, one day’ s pay.
6 W ork 5 hours or less, paid for fall day; more than 5 hours, paid for one and one-half days.
* 9 hours per day, 54 per week, Novem ber to A pril, inclusive.
» Allowed 4 days off each month, with pay.




- 9 -63
—9 —
63

U N IO N SCALE OF W A G E? AND HOUBS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

191

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEA M STERS, AND D RIVE RS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,.
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
Saturdays;
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week.
over­
Full week. half hour. full
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

w e s t e r n —concluded.
Seattle, W ash.:
Drivers—
Bakery salesmen..............
Wagons under 2 ton s___
Wagons over 2 tons..........
Furniture and baggage
wagons............................
Milk wagon........................
H eavy machinery wagon.
2-horse light com bina­
tion w agon.....................
Coffee and tea...................
Drivers’ helpers...................
Drivers' helpers, heavy
machinery wagons...........

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

38.3
25.0
31.8

23.00
16.50
21.00

i50c. i 50c.
11
li

32.5
36.3
37.5

19.50
25.38
22.50

11
i 40c.
li

10 -10 -60
11 -11 -66
11 -11 -66

Cents. Dolls.
33.3

20.00

10 -10 -60

29.5

19.50

11 -11 -66

li
1
li

10 -10 -60
* 10 -10 -70
10 -10 -60

30.0
29.7
35.0

18.00
20.77
21.00

10 -10 -60
2 10 -10 -70
10 -10 -60

30.0 18.00
35.0 321.00
30.0 18.00

li
11
11

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

27.5
(4)
27.5

16.50
(4)
16.50

10 -10 -60
( 4)
10 -10 -60

18.00

11

10 -10 -60

610 -10 -66

22.7

15.00

610 -10 -66

10
910
10
10

30.0

18.00

1 0 - 6 -56

30.0
(4)

18.00
(4)

10 -10 -60
(4)

20.0

14.00

10 -10 -70

17.9

15.00

I* 12 -12 -84

MISCELLANEOUS OCCUPATIONS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

New Y ork, N. Y .:
Floor men or wagon washtrs 24.2
A u totru ck s.......................
Fish.....................................
Flour...................................
Poultry...............................
Packers, furniture and
storage................................
Packers, inside.....................
Piano m overs........................
Polishers and cabinet m ak­
ers, furniture.....................
Philadelphia, Pa.: Stable­
men lum ber..........................
Providence, R . I.: Stable­
men ........................................
Rochester, N . Y .: Stable­
m en ........................................
Scranton, Pa.:
Stablemen............. ................
Stablemen, m ilk ..................
Springfield, Mass.: Stable­
m en .........................................

51

16.00

125c.

7 33.3
35.0
36.7
37.5

20.00
21.00
22. 00
21.00

135c.
(8)
i35c.
li
1 1
0
1
i 30C. C1
1)

32.5
31.7
33.3

19. 50
19.00
18.00

1
1
i45c.

li
li
2

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
9 -9 -5 4

7 31.7

19.00
16.00

i30c. (« )
140c. 13 1

12 10 -10 -60

26.2
22.5

16.00

li

1

10 -10 -70

20.0

14.00

1

1

10 -10 -70

28.3
1520.0

17.00
14.00

1
1

1
1

10 -10 -60
16 10 -10 -70

“
Loaders—

-10
-10
-10
-10

-60
-60
-60
-60

11 -6 -61

1 10 -10 -70
7
25.7 18.00
1
li
(4)
(4)
1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 Allow ed 7 days off every 3 m onths, with pay.
8 A nd 10 per cent com m ission on collections over $150 per week.
4 No scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
6 Allow ed every other Sunday and holiday off, with pay.
* W ork 6 hours on Sundays. '
* Scale became 35 cents on June 14, 1917.
® W ork on Sundays prohibited; Hebrew and other holidays off, with pay.
® Scale became 54 hours on July 1, 1917.
w Hebrew and other holidays off, with pay.
u W ork on Sundays and holidays prohibited.
1 14 days off each year, w ith pay.
2
1 Tim e and one-half for holidays.
3
1 Allowed 2 days off each m onth, with pay.
4
1 Scale became 24.6 cents on July 22, 1917.
6
1 week off each year, w ith pay. Scale became 65 hours on July 22,1917.
m Scale became 60 hours on Aug. 1,1917.




(*)

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

192
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.-—
Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAM STERS, AND D RIVERS—Concluded.
MISCELLANEOUS OCCUPATIONS—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

u fe .
For Hours—
Full d ay; SatSun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
For days
Per week over­
Full week. half hour. full
and
hour. full
holi­
time.
time. time. holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH c e n t r a l .

Cincinnati, Ohio:
Ice-house men and station
m en .....................................
Ice pullers..............................
Piano m overs........................
Stable bosses........................
Stablemen..............................
Stablemen.............................
Stablemen’s helpers............
W agon washers....................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Bara bosses, ice....................
Packers, furniture...............
Platform men, ic e ................
W arehousemen.....................
Yardmen, ice........................
Detroit, Mich.:
Ice cutters..............................
Ice draggers...........................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Packers, furniture m oving.
Stablemen.............................
Stablemen, dairies...............
Stablemen, groceries...........

May 15, 1916.

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

23.9
28.6
26.7
20.2
19.0
21.4
17.9
22.9

17.00
16.00
16.00
17.00
16. 00
16.50
15.00
16.00

i40c.
i40c.
i 30c.
i40c.
1
H
140c.
1

2 11 -11 -71

8
10
s 12
12
11
5 12
e 10

-8 -5 6
-10 -60
-12 -84
-12 -84
-11 -77
-12 -84
-10 -70

28.0
31.7
23.5
31.7
23.5

18.50
19.00
15. 50
19.00
15.50

i30c.
li
i30c.
li
130c.

7 10
10
7 io
10
710

-10
-10
- 6
-10
- 6

38.3
35.0

23.00
21.00

1
1

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

28.3
« 16.2
9 15.4
16.4

17.00
12. 46
12.92
12.60

1
1
1
1

10
11
12
11

1026.25

(u )

-10
-11
-12
-11

-66
-60
-66
-60
-66

Hours—
Full d a y;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
20.8
20.8
(<)
19.0
17.9
(<)
16.7

17.50
17.50

27.3
30.8
22. 7
30.8
22.7

18.00
18. 50
15.00
18.50
15.00

(<)
0)

(4)
(4)

16.00
15.00
(<)
14.00

12 -12 -84
12 -12 -84
(<)
12 -12 -84
12 -12 -84
(<)
12 -1 2- 84
710
10
7 10
10
7 10

- 6
-10
- 6
-10
- 6

-66
-60
-66
-60
-66

(<)
(4)

-60
-77
-84
-77

W ESTERN.

Butte, M ont.: Stablem en___
San Francisco, Cal.:
Brass polishers and floor
m en .....................................
Stable bosses.........................
Stablemen..............................
Washers, autom obile..........

1225.0
1333.0
1330.0
35.0

15.00
23.08
21.00
21.00

8 -8 -5 6
is io
10
10
h 10

-10
-10
-10
-10

24.50

-60
-70
-70
-60

1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 W ork 5 hours on Sundays.
3 D o not work on Sundays.
4 No scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
6 Allow ed 1 day off every 2 weeks, with pay.
« Every other Sunday off with pay.
7 W ork 6 hours on Sundays.
8 Scale became 19.5 cents on A ug. 16,1917.
« Scale became 16.1 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
1 25 cents per day additional when copper sells above 15 cents per pound.
0
1 Overtime prohibited.
1
w Scale became 33.3 cents and 54 hours on June 1, 1917.
is Scale became 35 cents on July 1, 1917.
n Scale became 54 hours on June 1.1917.




8 -8 -5 6

UNIOST SCALE OP W AGES AND H O U RS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b le A .— UNION

193

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
FREIGHT HANDLERS.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end-

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week
days
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full over­ and
holi­
time. time. holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Coastwise vessels.................
Coal handlers........................
Freight handlers..................
General cargo........................
Longshoremen......................
Sugar......................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Freight handlers and long­
shoremen...........................
Grain elevators—
Elevator m en....................
Elevator m en’ s helpers
or car gang.....................
Package freight handlers...
N ew York, N. Y .:
Longshoremen......................
Coal handlers....................
General cargo....................
General cargo, coastwise
trade...............................
Handling f r u it .................
M unitions..........................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Longshoremen......................
Coal handlers, trimmers.
Lum ber handlers on
ships................................
Lum ber handlers on
wharf...............................
Oil in cases and barrels..
War m unitions.................

May 15, 1916.

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multiplied by—

40.0
27.8
25.0
40.0
225.0
50.0

24.00
15.00
15.00
23.60
14.75
29.50

340.0

24.00 i46.7c. 4 40c.

2

Cents. Dolls.
10 -10 -60
9 -9 -5 4
10 -10 -60
1 0 - 9 -59
1 0 - 9 -59
1 0 - 9 -59

35.0
24.4
23.0

1
*

lft
lft
i 60c.

2
1

2
1

21.00
13.20
13.80

10 -10 -60
9 -9 -5 4
10 -10 -60

5 10 -10 -60

1ft
1ft
1
i50c.

38.0 522.78
30.0 718.00
935.0 21.00

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

31.6 «18.98

6 10 -10 -60

7 10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

25.0
(10)

15.00
(10)

10 -10 -60

e 10-10 -60
(10)

40.0
30.0
35.0

24.00
18.00
21.00

1ft n 2
1 i45c.
i50c. ii 65c.

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

(10)

(i°)

35.0
35.0
80.0

21.00
21.00
48.00

i 50c. i 65c.
i 60c. i 80c.
1 121.60c

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

32.0
32.0
(1
0)

19.20
19.20
(1 )
0

10-10 -60
10 -10 -60
(!0)

40.0
40.0

24.00
24.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

35.0
(!0)

21.00
(10)

10 -10 -60
(!0)

40.0

24.00

10 -10 -60

40.0
55.0
60.0

24.00
33.00
36.00

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

30.0
(10)

18.00
(10)
(10)

10 -10 -60
(10)
(10)

lft
1ft

2
2

(10)

(!0)

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111:
Grain loading at elevators—
Dock men, floor men,
machinemen, s p o u t
2
40.8 20.19
men, and trackm en... 46.3 22. 21
8 -8 -4 8
81- -8* -49ft
1ft
Laborers........................... 41.3 19.80
2
8 -8 -4 8
36.4 18.00
8i -8 i -49ft
1ft
Millwrights......................
2
58.2 27.92
8 -8 -4 8
51.3 25.38
8 * -8 * -49ft
1ft
Mixers...............................
2
8| -8 i -49ft
8 -8 -4 8
48.9 24.23
55.5 26. 65
lft
Oilers................................ 43.4 20.82
38.2 18.92
2
8 -8 -4 8
8i -8| -49ft
lft
(1C
)
(10)
(10)
Stowers............................. 1825.0 15.00
10 -10 -60
1
(14)
(10)
(10)
(10)
(14)
Truckers........................... 1524.0 14.40
10 -10 -60
1
W eighm en.......................
2
8 -8 -4 8
45.9 22.73
52.1 25.00
8i -81 -49ft
lft
40.0 24.00
10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60
Cleveland, O h io..................... 45.0 27.00 i 55c. i 55c.
1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
2 Scale became 27.5 cents on May 28,1917.
* Scale became 50 cents on May 28, 1917.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour, except on Memorial and Thanksgiving Days, 45 cents. D o not work on
Labor Day or July 4.
&48 hours and $22.78 per week, January to March, inclusive.
6 48 hours and $18.98 per week, January to March, inclusive.
* 48 hours and $18 per week, January to March, inclusive.
8 48 hours and $15 per week, January to March, inclusive.
8 Scale becam e 42 cents on May 18,1917.
w No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
1 Rate, in cents, per hour for Sundays, Christmas, and July 4; other holidays, 50 cents per hour.
1
12 Rate, in cents, per hour for Sundays, Christmas, and July 4; other holidays, single time.
1 Scale became 29 cents on May 16 oh railroad A ; on other railroads, 29ft cents on June 16, 1917.
3
14 W ork 6 hours, paid for 10; double tim e for 10 hours’ work.
16 Scale became 28 cents on May 16 on railroad A ; on other railroads on June 16,1917.

62373°—19—Bull. 245------13




194

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.— Continued.
FREIGHT HANDLERS— Concluded.
May 15,1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
Sun­
For
week over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

N o r t h c e n t r a l —concluded.

Milwaukee, W is.:
WaTfllKHIsp.mfsri _. ________

Cents. Dolls.

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate inuUiplied by—

Cents. Dolls.

1
1

10 -10 -70
10 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60

30.0
35.0
26.7

2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

2 0 .0 0

1
1

16.00

10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

40.0

24.00

2

2

1 0 - 1 0 -60

30.0

18.00

1 0 - 1 0 -60

2 0 .0

40.0
18.5

1 2 .0 0 i 28|e. i281c.
24.00 i 70c. 1 70c.
1 1 .1 0 i 281c. i 281c.

10 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60

50.0

29.50

U

2

1 0 - 9 -59

40.0
60.6
72. 7
35.0

23.60
30.00
36.00
18.90

11
2
2

2

1 0 - 9 -59
81- 8±-49|
8 i - 8J-491
9-9-54

31.4
45.0
33.3

2 2 .0 0

27.00

10 -10 -70

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Houston, Tex.: Longshore­
m en .........................................
N ew Orleans, La.:
Carmen ...............................
Coal handlers .......................
Freight handlers..................
Grain trimmers and saekers........................................
Longshoremen and steve­
dores ...................................
Screw m en ................. - _____
Screw men, forem en...........
Stave classers........................

11

2
2
2

...........

WESTERN.

Los Angeles, Cal.:
Loaders and unloaders,
vessels................................. !250.0 27.00 i 75c. i 75c.
Coastwise vessels................. * 55.0 29. 70 i inftp.. i inof*.
1
1
Salvage w ork........................ 1 0 0 .0 54.00
JPortland, Oreg.:
Longshoremen—
Grain handlers................. 4 45.0 24.30
H
Grain handlers................. 550.0 27.00
11
11
Lum ber and paper han­
dlers................................. 3 55.0 - 29.70
n
11
Lum ber handlers............. 6 50.0 27.00
H
11
General cargo, coastwise
vessels............................ ®55.0 29.70
il
11
General cargo, foreign
vessels............................. 6 55.0 29.70 i 100 c. i 100 c.
San Francisco, Cal.:
Longshoremen—
Coal h a n d lers................... 7 55.0 29.70 1 1 0 0 c. i 100 c.
Damaged cargoes and
salvage w ork ................. 8100.0 54.00 1 100 c. 1 1 0 0 c.
General cargo, coastwise
7 55.0 29. 70 i 100 c. i 100 c.
vessels
General freigh t................. 955. 0 29. 70 i 82£c. i 82|c.
1
1 Rates, in cents, per hour.
2 Sca’ e became 55 cents on July 16, 1917.
s Scale became 60 cents on July 1, 1917.
4 Sca^ became 50 cents on July 1, 1917.
e Scale became 55 cents on July 1, 1917.




9 - 9 -54
9 _ 9 -54
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
9 _ 9 _54

40.0
45.0

21.60
24.30

9-9-54
9-9-54

9-9-54
9-9-54

50.0

27.00

9-9-54

50.0

27.00

9-9-54

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
6 Scale became
7 Scale became
* Scale became
» Scale became

60 cents on June 12, 1917.
75cents on M ay 27, 1917.
125 cents on May 27, 1917.
65 cents on Aug. 1, 1916.

195

U N IO N SCALE OE W AGES AND H O U RS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A.— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
GRANITE AND STONE TRADES.
GRANITE CUTTERS.

May 15,1917.
"Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
week For days
full over­ and
time. time. holi­
days.

N ORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Cents. Dolls.
Outside 1 ............................
5 2 .5
2 3 .1 0
Outside2................................ 7 5 .0 3 3 .0 0
Inside..................................... 5 0 .0 2 2 .0 0
Machine................................. 5 3 .1 2 3 .3 8
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Outside.................................. 5 2 . 5 2 3 .1 0
Inside..................................... 5 0 . 0 2 2 .0 0
Machine................................ 5 3 . 0 2 3 .3 2
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Outside.................................. 5 6 .3 ! 2 4 .7 5
Inside..................................... 5 3 .1 2 3 .3 8
Machine................................. 6 2 .5 2 7 .5 0
Fall R iver, Mass.:
Outside and m achine......... 5 3 .1 2 3 .3 8
Inside..................................... 5 0 . 0 2 2 .0 0
Manchester, N. H ., in sid e. . . 5 0 .0 2 2 .0 0
Newark N. J. :
Outside.................................. 5 3 .1 2 3 .3 8
Inside..................................... 5 0 .0 2 2 .0 0
N ew Haven, Conn.:
Outside.................................. 5 3 .0 2 3 :3 2
Inside..................................... 5 0 . 0 2 2 .0 0
New Y ork, N. Y .:
Outside.................................. 6 2 .5 2 7 .5 0
Outside3................................ 6 8 .8 3 0 .2 5
Inside..................................... 5 0 .0 2 2 .0 0
Machine................................. 6 2 .5 2 7 .5 0
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Outside.................................. 6 0 . 0 2 6 .4 0
Inside and machine............. 5 6 .3 2 4. 75
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Outside.................................. 7 0 .0 3 0 .8 0
Inside and machine............. 5 4 .4 2 3 .9 3
Providence, R . I.:
Outside and inside.............. 5 0 .0 2 2 .0 0
Machine................................. 5 5 . 0 2 4 .2 0
Rochester, N. Y ...................... 5 4 . 0 2 3 .7 6
Springfield, M ass.................... 5 0 . Q 2 2 .0 0
Worcester, Mass.:
Outside and inside............... ' 5 0 . 0 2 2 .5 0
Machine................................. 5 3 . 0 2 3 .8 5

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Saturdays;
week
Full week. half
Full week.
hour.
full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

li

2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

li
li
li

2
2
2

8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

li
li
li

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

li
li
li

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

li
li

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12 I
12 !

li
li

2
2

8-4-44

12!
12 J

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

H
li

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

65.0 28.60 '
53.1 23.38 j

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

.. 1 .................
8 - 4 -44
50.0 22.00 |

2

2
2

5li
6li

2
2

8-5-45
8 - 5 -45

12
12

i*

lh

li
li
li

(4)
(4)

8 - 4 - 4 4

8 - 4 - 4 4

'
1

j
1
j .........
1

8 - 4 -44
8 - 4 -44
8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -4 4

1
1

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, G a ...... .......................
Baltimore, Md.:
Outside..................................
Inside.....................................
Charleston, S. C .......................
Richm ond, V a.:
Inside.....................................
Machine.................................
Washington, D. C.:
Outside and machine.........
Inside.....................................

5 0 .0

2 2 .0 0

61!

2

5 6 .3
5 0 .0
4 5 .0

2 4 .7 5
2 2 .0 0
1 9 .8 0

2
2

li

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

5 0 .0
5 3 .1

2 2 .0 0
2 3 .3 8

li
li

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

5 6 .3
5 0 .0

24. 75
2 2 .0 0

n
ii

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

1 W orking for granite companies.
2 Working for building contractors.
3 Trim and fit stone cut outside of city .




!

1

I
12 L
12 1.

* W ork prohibited.
&Double time from darkness to daybreak,
e Double time after 7 p. m.

196

B U L L E T IN

T a b le

A ,— UNION

OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

GRANITE AN D STO N E TRADES— Continued.
G R A N ITE C U TTER S— Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

For Hours—day; 191*,'
Full
SatSun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday
For
Per
Per week over­ days
Full week. half hour. week
full
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH C EN TR AL.

Cents. Dolls.
Chicago, 111.:
Outside.................................. 75.0 33.00
Tnside a n d rnfw^hinp.. . . .
56.3 24.75
Cincinnati, Ohio:
62.5 27.50
Inside..................................... 50.0 22.00
57.0 25.08
Cleveland, Ohio:
Outside.................................. 62.5 27.50
Inside and m onum ental. . . 50.0 22.00
........ 53.8 23.65
Machine
Des Moines Iowa
50.0 22.00
Detroit, Mich.:
Outside.................................. 62.5 27.50
Inside..................................... 51.3 22.55
Machine................................. 56.3 24. 75
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Outside .............................. 69.4 30.53
Monum ental......................... 50.0 22.00
St. Louis, Mo.:
Outside.................................. 60.0 26.40
............... 50.0 22.00
Inside .
Machine
........................ 56.3 24.75
St. Paul, Minn.:
Outside
. .
........... 65.6 28.88
Monumental
............... 50.0 22.00

Beg ular
nultirate 7
plied by—

27.50
23.38

8-4-44
8-4-44

50.0
55.0

22.00
24.20

8-4-44
8-4-44

2
12 72.5 31.90
8-4-44
li
8-4-44
12 66.3 29.15
2
li
2
6 8 - 4 -44
12 69.4 730.53
11
1 A nd on Saturday afternoons.
2 Double time after 8 p. m . and on Saturday afternoons.
3 Scale became 76.3 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
4 Scale became 70 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
* Scale became 73.1 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
• 44 hours and $33.55 per week, Novem ber to February, inclusive.
7 44 hours and $32.45 per week, Novem ber to February, inclusive.

8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
78-4-44

2 ii
2 ii

2 11

ii
ii
ii
ii
ii
ii
ii
ii
ii
ii

8 - 4 -44
8-4-44

12
12

12
12
12

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12

2
2
2
12

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

Cents. Dolls.
62.5
53.1

li
li
n
ii
ii

12
12

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

12

12
12.

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex.:
Outside..................................
Inside.....................................
Houston, T ex.:
O utside..................................
Inside.....................................
Machine ..............................
Louisville, K y.:
Outside..................................
Inside and machine.............
New Orleans, La.:
Inside .
...............
Machine ...............................

ii
ii
ii
ii
li

57.5
50.0

25.30
22.00

57.5
50.0
55.0

25.30
22.00
24.20

55.0
50.0

24.20
22.00

11
li

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

50.0
53.3

22.00
23.47

ii
ii

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

1
1.............

!

!

W ESTERN.

B utte, Mont.:
Outside.................................. 81.3 35. 75
Inside..................................... 75.0 33.00
Denver, Colo.:
Inside
. . . . ______ 57.0 25.08
Machine
............... 59.4 26.13
r os Angeles, Cal.:
Outside.................................. 3 73. 8 32.45
Inside..................................... 467.5 29. 70
Trim ming and fitting......... 5 70.6 6 31.08




j

2
2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

I2

2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12

11

!

1
1

197

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AND H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 191*7.

T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
GRANITE AND STONE TRADES— Continued.
G R A N ITE CUTTERS—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—

For Hours—day; A
Full
SatPer
Per
Sun­
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
Per week over­
Full week. half hour, full
hour. full time. and
holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

w e s t e r n —concluded.

Portland, Oreg.:
Outside............ ...............
Inside and m achine___
Salt Lake City, Utah.:
Inside................................
Outside and m achine...
San Francisco, Cal.:
Outside............................
Inside................................
Seattle, W ash.:
O u tsid e............................
Inside................................
Spokane, Wash.:
Outside and m achine. . .
Inside...............................

R ate of
wages—

Cents, Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by>-

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

68.8
62.5

30.25
27.50

62.5

27.50
30.25

4 -44
•4 -44

2 73.8
a67.5

32.45
29. 70

4 -44
4 -44

68.8
62.5

30.25
27.50

4 -44
4 -44

68.8
62.5

30.25
27.50

4 -44
4 -44

12
i2

4 -44
■ 4 -44

72.5
66.3

31.90
29.15

■4 -44

65.0
56.3

28. 60
24.75

8-4-44
8-4-44

56.3

24.75

00
1

Geographical division and
city.

May 15.. 1916.

4 ,- 4 4

STONECUTTERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Outside.................. : ____
Inside..............................
Bridgeport, Conn.............
Buffalo, N . Y ....................
Newark, N. J.:
First class......................
Second class...................
N ew Haven, C onn...........
New York, N. Y .:
First class......................
Second class...................
B lu estone......................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Outside...........................
Inside..............................
Pittsburgh, P a .................
Providence, R . I ...........
Rochester, N. Y ...........
Scranton, Pa.:
Outside and inside___
Machine..........................
Springfield, Mass.............

30.80
27.50
24.75
27.50

2
2
li
li

2
2
2
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12

68.8
62.5
456.3

30.25
27.50
24.75

li
li
li

li
1*
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

68.8
62.5
62.5

30.25
27.50
27.50

(6)
(6)
2

(6)
(6)
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12

70.0
65.0
62.5
62.5
60.0

30.80
28.60
27.50
27.50
26.40

li
li
li
(5 )
li

2
2
2
(5)
2

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

12
12
12
12
12

50.0
50.0
56.3

22.00
27.00
24.75

li
li
li

2
2
2

8-4-44
9 - 9 -54
8-4-44

12

50.0
56.3
50.0
54.5
656.3

22.00
24.75
22.50
23.98
24.75

2
li
(5)
(5)
n
2
2
ii
2
ii
1 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
2 Scale became 76.3 cents on Oct. 1, 1917.
a Scale became 70 cents on Oct. 1,1917.

8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-5-45
8-4-44
8-4-44

56.3

24.75

8-4-44

62.5
56.3

27.50
24.75

8-4-44
8-4-44

56.3
56.3

24.75
24.75

8-4-44
8-4-44

12

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, G a............
Baltimore, M d.......
Jacksonville, F la . .
R ichm ond, V a .......
W ashington, D. C .




k

70.0
62.5
56.3
62.5

12
12
12
12

* Scale became 60 cents on Aug. 15,1917.
6 W ork prohibited.
« Scale beca me 65 cents on Aug. 1,1917.

198

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

GRANITE AND STONE TRADES— Concluded.
STONECUTTERS—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

no rth c en tr a l.

For
Sun­
Per
For
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
days.

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied bp—

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

m1
!,

Hours—
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays; urday Per week
F ull week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

0)
2
«2
C
1)

ii

*2
*2

<})*

0)
2
<2
2
2
2
2
2
2

Cents. Dolls.

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

70.0
65.0
370.0
60.0

30.80
27.50
30.80
26.40

70.0
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
50.0
62.5
62.5

30.80
26.40
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50
22.00
27.50
27.50

50.0
75.0
75.0
55.0
60.0
65.0
55.0

22.00
33.00
33.00
24.20
26.40
28.60
24.20

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8 - 4 -44

Denver, C olo............... *........... 7 62.5
Salt Lake City, U ta h ............. 62.5
San Francisco, Cal.................. 70.0
Seattle, W ash .......................... 70.0
Spokane, W ash........................ 70.0

27.50
27.50
30.80
30.80
30.80

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

Chicago, 111................................
Cincinnati, Ohio......................
Cleveland, O h io.......................
Columbus, O h io.......................
Detroit, Mich.:
Outside...................................
Machine.....................................
Grand Rapids, M ich...............
Indianapolis, I n d ....................
Kansas City, M o......................
Milwaukee, W i s .......................
Minneapolis, M inn...................
Omaha, N ebr............................
Peoria, III..................................
St. Louis, M o............................
St. Paul, M inn.........................

0)
0)

li
ii
2
li
2

lh
n

62.5
62.5

27.81
27.50

8 - 4-i-44i
8-4-44

65.0
50.0
56.3
56.3

28.60
22.00
24.75
24.75

8-4-44
8 - 4 -44
8-4-44
8-4-44

56.3

24.75

8-4-44

58.8

25.85

8*-*4--44~

60. 0 * ' 2 6 . 4 6

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la....................
Dallas, T e x ...............................
H ouston, T e x ..........................
Little R ock, A r k .....................
Louisville, K y ..........................
Memphis, T en n .......................
Nashville, T en n .......................
w estern

62.5
62.5

27.50
27.50

56.3

24.75

30.5
30.5

16.47
16.17

9 9 - 8 -53
9-8-53

50.0

27.00

9-9-54

30.5

16.47

8 - 4 -44
8-4-44

.

METAL TRADES.
BLACKSM ITH S.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
8 32.0
Railroad shops, road A .
Railroad shops, road B ___ 1034.5
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops.......... 55.0
Jobbing shops............. ....... 55.0
N ew Haven, Conn.: Railroad
8 32.0

17.28
18.29
27.50
29.70
17.28

li ,
li

:

11
1

9-5-59
9-9-54

li !

9 9 - 8 -53

1 W ork prohibited.
2 Double time on Saturday afternoons.
8 80 cents on work partly finished outside of city
and for contractors not regularly em ploying stone­
cutters.
< A nd on Saturday afternoons.




9 9 — 8 -53
9-8-53
12

6 Double time after 2 hours.
8 Scale became 60 cents on June 10,1917.

T Scale became 75 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
8 Scale became 35 cents on June 1,1917.
9 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
10 Scale became 39.5 cents on Sept. 10,1917.

199

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR? M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M E T A L TRADES— Continued.
B L A C K S M IT H S —Continued.
May

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

15, 1917.

Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

north

a t l a n t ic —

May

15, 1916.

Rate of
wages—

15,

For Hours—day; 1917,
Full
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week over­
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

Hours— '
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

concluded.

New York, N . Y .:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops—
Manhattan, B ronx, and Cents. Dotts.
Queens........... ............... 5 3 .1 2 5 .5 0
B rooklyn............................ 5 6 .3 2 7 .0 0
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops, A — 4 4 .4 2 4 .0 0
Manufacturing shops, B ___ 5 0 .0 2 4 .0 0
Railroad shops..................... 3 7 .0 1 9 .9 8
Pittsburgh, Pa. :
Manufacturing sihGps.......... 4 6 .9 2 2 .5 0
Locom otive works............... 3 2 .5 1 6 .2 5
Hammermen, locom otive
w orks.................................. 8 0 .0 4 0 .0 0
Railroad shops..................... 4 5 .0 2 4 .3 0

Reg uiar
rate 7nultiplied bu—

Cents. Dolls.

2
2

24
24

8 - 8 - 4 8
8 - 8 -4 8

14
14

2
2

li

14

9 - 9 - 5 4
8 - 8 - 4 8
9 - 9 -5 4

li
li

2
2

2 8 _ 8 -4 8
9 - 5 - 5 0

ii
li

2

9 — 5 —
50
9 - 9 - 5 4

li

0)

0)
0)

(l)

0)
0)

3 7 .5

1 8 .0 0

! 3 9 .0

2 1 .0 6

3 7 .5

2 2 .5 0

10 - 1 0 - 6 0

* 8 - 8 - 4 8

2 8 -

8 -4 8

12
12

i

9 - 9

-5 4

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops...................................
Railroad shops, roads A
and B ............................................
Railroad shops, road E ___
Charleston, S. t\:
Manufact uring and jobbing
shops...................................
Railroad shops, road A ____
Railroad shops, road B ___
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Railroad shops, road C—
H eavy fires, locom otive
w orks........ . „ ..................
Light fires, locom otive
w orks..................... ........
Light fires, car w ork ........
Railroad shops, road D ___
Railroad shops, road E ___
R ichm ond. Va.:
Manufecturing shops..........
Locom otive w orks...............
Hammermen, locom otive
w orks..................................
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road C.......

3 9 .0

2 3 .4 0

li

14

10 -1 0 -6 0

3 4 2 .0
3 5 .0

2 2 .6 8
1 8 .9 0

ii
ii

14

3 9 - 9 -5 4
9 - 9 -5 4

4 1 .7
a4 2 . 0
& 3 6 .0

2 2 .5 0
2 2 .6 8
1 9 .4 4

li
li
11

li
14

6 4 4 .0

2 3 .7 6

li

li

6

39
59
9
69

14

!
|

* 4 2 .0
5 3 6 .0
6 4 4 .0
6 4 4 .0

22.68
1 9 .4 4
2 7 .7 2

23.76

3 5 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 .2 5
2 0 .0 0

7 0 .0
s 3 6 .0
7 4 1 .0
8 4 0 .0

3 5 .0 0
1 9 .4 4
2 2 .1 4
2 1 .6 0

li

14

14

ii
14

li
14

14
14

14
li

2
2

li

2

14
14
H

14

ll
14

9 - 9 -5 4
3 9 - 9 -5 4
5 Q - 9 -54

4 2 .0

2 0 .1 6

9 _ 9 _5 4

4 4 .0

2 2 .0 0

< 9 - 5 - 5 0

4 2 .0
3 6 .0

2 1 .0 0
1 8 .0 0

* 9 - 5 - 5 0
4 9 - 5 - 50

4 4 .0

2 2 .0 0

4 9 -

3 6 .9

1 9 .9 0

6

—9
- 9
- 9
- 9

—
54
-5 4
-6 3
-5 4

1 0 - 5 -55
9 - 5 - 5 0
9 - 5 - 5 0

5 -5 0

12
12
12

5 9 - 9 -5 4

9 - 9 - 5 4

7 9 - 9 -5 4
8 9 - 9 -5 4

1 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
2 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
3 Under agreement of Aug. 23, scale became 50.5 cents, retroactive to Mar.
1, 1917.
4 Hours worked; m axim um , 9 per day, 54 per week.
5 Undear agreement of Aug. 2a, scale became 44.5 cents, retroactive to Mar.
1, 1917.
6 U nder agreement of Aug. 23, scale became 52.5 cents, retroactive to Mar.
1.1917.
7 Under agreement of Aug. 23. scale became 49.5 cents, retroactive to Mar.
1.1917.
8 U nder agreement of Aug. 23, scale became 48.5 cents, retroactive to Mar.
1.1917.




I

1, and 48 hours, effective Sept.
1, and 48 hours, effective Sept.
1, and 48 hours, effective Sept.
1, and 48 hours, effective Sept.
1, and 48 hours, effective Sept.

B U L L E T IN

200
T able

OF T H E BU BEA U OF LABOB STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
BLACKSMITHS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Bate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

i Ik
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per
Per week over­ days
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH CENTRAL.

Cents.
Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 56.0
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................... 56.0
Hammermen, manufactur­
ing shops............................ 70.0
Outside.................................. 75.0
Railroad shops, road A ___ 42.0
Railroad shops, road B ___ 143.5
Railroad shops, road C ___ 243.5
First fire........................... 447.0
Second fire ...................... 54 5.0
B olt makers, chain fire
and flue welders.......... 639.5
Heaters............................... 736.0
Railroad shops, road D ___ 41.0
Railroad shops, road E ___ 8 43.5
Hammermen, road E ___ 9 55. 5
Railroad shops, road F ___ 50.0
Indianapolis, Ind .:
Railroad shops, road A General fire..................
38.5
H eavy fire....................
40.5
Railroad shops, road B General fire..................
38.5
H eavy fire....................
41.5
Railroad shops, road C ___ u38.0
Kansas City, Mo.:
Railroad shops, road A ___ 1240.0
Railroad shops, road B ___ 40.0
Railroad shops, road C ___ 43.5
Railroad shops, road D ___ 43.5
Railroad shops, road E First fire.......................
47.5
Second fire...................
45.5
Light fire............................ 38.5
Railroad shops, road F ___ 43.5
Railroad shops, road H —
Frame fire.......................... 46.5
H eavy car fire or engine
fire.................................. 44.0
Ordinary fire..................... 37.0
Railroad shops, road J . . . 43.5
Railroad shops, road K . . 41.0
Milwaukee, W is.:
Railroad shops................
1 32. 5
4
i432. 5
Forging m achine............
Trip-hammer m en.........
1735.0
Ham m erm en...................
1845. 5

Dolls.
24.64

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
2

2

8 - 4-44

26.88
33.60
33.00
22.68
23.49
23.44
25.33
24.25

8-48
4-44
9 - 9-54
9-54
8-53
8-53
39 - 8-53

21.28
19. 40
22.14
23.49
29.97
27.00

12

8 - £-48

Cents. Dolls.
48.0 21.12

Hours-r-.
F ull day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

8 -4 -44

20.79
21.87
20.79
22.41
20.52

i*

n

21.60
19. 20
23.49
23.49

H

1!

25. 59
24.52
20. 74
23.44

It

13 9

H

63.0

31.19

9 -41-491

41.0
44.5
42.5

22.09
23. 98
22.90

3 9 -8 -53
3 9 -8 -53
3 9 -8 -53

37.0
33.5

19.94
18.05

’ 3 9 -8 -53
3 9 -8 -53

41.0

2 2 .1 4

9 -9 -54

42.*0

22.’ 68

*9*-9*-54*

36.0
38.0

19. 44
20.52

9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54

34.5
37.5
35.0

18.63
20.25
18.90

9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54

■9-54
■ 8-48
■ 9-54
•9-54

1!

9 -41-49|

■9-54
9-54
•9-54

n

if

22.87

9-54
9-54

H

46.2

• 8-53
■£-53
- 9-54
- 9-54
■9-54
■9-54

36.0
35.0
39.0
41.0

19.44
16.80
21.06
22.14

9
8
9
9

■ 8-53
■ 8-53
• 8-53
- 8-53

45.0
43.0
36.0
39.0

24.25
23.17
19. 40
21.01

1 9
3
13 9
1 9
3
1 9
3

12

-9 -54
-S -48
-9 -54
-9 -54
-8
-8
-8
-8

-53
-53
-53
-53

25.11

1-i

9 - 9-54

44.0

23.76

9 -9 -54

23. 76
19.98
23.49
22.14

1*
11

It

•9-54
9 - ■9-54
9 - ■9-54
9 - ■9-54

41.5
34.5
40.0
40.0

22.41
18.63
21.60
21.60

9
9
9
9

-9
-9
-9
-9

-54
-54
-54
-54

16.58
16. 58
17.85
23.21

1 U
5
is n
15 i f
1 11
5

1 6 9 - 5-50

31.5
30.0
30.5
37.5

16.07
15.30
15.56
19.13

16 9
16 9
16 9
16 9

-5
-5
-5
-5

-.50
-50
-50
-50

1 Scale became 52 cents on July 5 and 48 hours on
Sept. 1,1917.
2 Scale became 52 cents on June 1,1917.
3 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 min­
utes. Scale became 48 hours on Sept. 1, 1917.
* Scale became 55.5 cents on June 1,1917.
6 Scale became 53.5 cents on June 1, 1917.
e Scale became 48 cents on June 1,1917.
7 Scale became 43.5 cents on June 1, 1917.
8 Scale became 52 cents on May 28 and 48 hours
on June 13,1917.
» Scale became 58 cents on May 28 and 48 hours
on Sept. 1,1917.




May 15,1916.

li
16
15
15
15

11

H
H
1|

16 9 .
16 9 .
16 9 .

5-50
5-50
5-50

10 Scale became 50 hours on Aug. 1,1917. .

n Scale became 47 cents on July 16,1917. ‘
Scale became 41.5 cents on May 16,1917.
!3 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 min­
utes.
14 Scale became 44 cents on May 28,1917.
15 Double time after midnight.
is W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53hours, paid foi 54,
October to April, inclusive.
17 Scale became 44.5 cents on May 28,1917.
1 Scale became 54 cents on May 28,1917.
8
12

201

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917,
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
B LA C K SM ITH S—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 1.5, 1917.
Rale of wagcs-

Geographical division and
city.

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Ccnls. Dolls.

47.5
45.5
44.0
42.0
40.5
39.5

24.23
23.21
22.44
21.42
20.66
20.15

li
li
li
li
li
li

H
li
li
li
li
li

19
19
19
19
19
19

-

5-50
5-50
5-50
5-50
5-50
5-50

5
5
5
5
5
5

44.5
43.0
41.5
39.5
38.0
37.0

22.70
21.93
21.17
20.15
19.38
18.87

19
19
19
19
19
19

-5
-5
-5
-5
-5
-5

-50
-50
-50
-50
-50
-50

47.0
44.5
44.0
43.5
47.5
41.0
38.5

23.97
22.70
22.44
22.19
24.23
20.91
19.64

li
li
li
li
li
li
li

li
li
li
li

19
19
19
19
19
19
19

-

5-50
5-50
5-50
5-50
5-50
5-50
5-50

5
5
5
5
5
5
5

44.5
42.0
41.5
41.0
45.0
38.5
36.0

22.70
21.42
21.17
20.91
22.95
19.64
18.36

19
19
19
19
19
19
19

-5
-5
-5
-5
-5
-5
-5

-50
-50
-50
-50
-50
-50
-50

248.5
446. 5
546.0
6 43. 5
545. 5
7 42.5

24.74
23.72
23.46
22.19
23.21
21.68

li
li
li
li
li

ii
1-i
Hl|

n
ii

39 39 _
39 39 _
39 39 _

5-50
5_5Q
5-50
5_ 5 o
5-50
5_50

5
5
5
5
5
5

M3.5

23.44

U

ii

9 9 - $-53

41.0

22.09

10 9 -8 -53

40.0
H65.0

21.60
28. 60

li
2

n

9 - 9-54
8 - 4-44

33.3

18.00

9 -9 -54

44.0
32.5

23. 76
17.23

li
li

11

10 9 - 8-53

41.5
29.0

22.36
15.37

109 -8 -53

ii

1247.5
1345.5
i<42. 5
1538. 5
1&32.5

25. 59
24.52
2 2 .90
20. 74
17.23

li
li
li
li
li

li
li
li
li
li

10 9
10 9
10 9
10 9

8-53
8-53
8-53
8-53
8-53

45.0
43.0
40.0
36.0
30.0

24.25
23.17
21.55
19.40
15.90

10 9 -8
io 9 -8
109 -8
10 9 -8
9 -8

-53
-53
-53
-53
-53

i«49.0
1845. 5
1943. 5
1943.0
2039 . 5
2039 . 5
52.5

26.46
24.57
23.49
23. 22
21.33
21. 33
25.20

1 H
7
li
li
li
li
li

li
li
li
li
li

1 9
6
18 9
it 9
1 9
9

9-54
9-54

46.5
42.0
41.0
39.0

25.11
22.14
21.06

9-- 9
9 -9
9 -9
9 -9

-54
-54
-54
-54

34.5

18. 63

9 -9 -54

2

1 W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for
54, October to April, inclusive.
2 Scale became 56 cents on June 1,1917.
3 W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for
54, October to April, inclusive. Scale became 48
hours on June 1,1917.
4 Scale became 54 cents on June 1,1917.
Scale became 53 cents on June 1,1917.
6 Scale became 51 cents on June 1,1917.
7 Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1917.
s Scale became 52 cents on June 1,1917.
9 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 min­
utes. Scale became 48 hours on June 1, 1917.
1 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 min­
0
utes.




Rate of
wages—

For Hours—day; 1917,
F ull
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per . week over­ days
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

north central —continued.

Minneapolis, Minn.:
Railroad shops, road A —
H eavy fire..........................
Second fire.........................
General fire........................
D o ....................................
D o ....................................
General car fir e .. ^...........
Railroad shops, road B —
Big fire............................
Spring fire......................
Tool fire..........................
General fire....................
D o ................................
Mixed fire.......................
Light fire........................
Railroad shops, road C—
Big fire............................
Spring fire......................
Tool fire..........................
.General fire....................
D o ................................
Mixed fire.......................
Moline, 111.:
Railroad s h o p s ................
St. Louis, M o.:
Manufacturing shops___
Outside...............................
Railroad shops, road A —
Engine fire.....................
Car fire............................
Railroad shops, road B —
First fire.........................
Second fire.....................
Miscellaneous fire.........
Light fire........................
Bolt m akers..................
Railroad shops, road C—
Big fire............................
Second fire.....................
Miscellaneous fire.........
D o . . ............................
Light fire........................
Car fire............................
Railroad shops, road E ___

May 15, 1916.

n

i|
li

2

U

2

9 - 8-53
9 -

_
20 9 20 9 _
8 -

9_54

9-54
9-54
9_54

12

2 2 .6 8

9 -8 -53

8-48

u Scale became 70 cents on June 1,1917.
12 Scale became 53 cents on June 27,1917.
13 Scale became 51 cents on June 27,1917.
14 Scale became 50 cents on June 27,1917.
15 Scale became 44 cents on June 27,1917.
16 Scale became 55 cents on July 1, and 48 hours
on Sept. 1,1917.
17 Double time after midnight.
is Scale became 53 cents on July 1 and 48 hours on
Sept. 1,1917.
19 Scale became 52 cents on July 1 and 48 hours on
Sept. 1,1917.
20 Scale became 45 cents on July 1 and 48 hours on
Sept. 1,1917.

202

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
B L A C K S M IT H S —Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year

May 15, 1917.

Rate o f
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
; Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
For
over­ days
Full week. half hour. full
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per
hour.

w eek

full
time.

NORTH CENTRAL— c o n c lu d e d .

St. Louis, Mo.—Concluded. Cents.
Railroad shops, road F ___ i 42.0
Railroad shops, road G ___ 43.5
53.0
Railroad shops, road H
3
Railroad shops, road I ........ | 40.0
St. Paul, M inn.:
Railroad shops, road A —
First heavy fire................. ■ 48.5
Second heavy fire............ 1 46.5
General fire........................| 45.5
Railroad shops, road l i — 1
First heavy fire............. J 48.5
Second heavy fire.............I 46.5
General fires..................... j 45. 5
D o .................................... ! 43.5
General car fire................. 1 40.5
Railroad shops, road C—
H eavy fire......................... ' 45.5
Tool fire.............................. 43.5
General fires...................... 42.5
General car fires............... 41.5
Mixed fires......................... 41.0
W ichita, Kans.:
Railroad shops, road A ____ 635.0
Railroad shops, road B —
B ig fire............................... 8 46.5
Oth^r fir^s........................ 944.0

Dolls.
22.68
23.44
28. 56
21.60

May 15, 1916.

end­

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

Cents. Dolls.
41.5
40.0
41.5

22.41
21. 55
22.36

9 - 9 -54
2 9 - 8 -53
2 9 - 8 -53

5
5
5

46.0
44.0
43.0

23.46
22. 44
21.93

<9-5-50
<9-5-50
<9-5-50

<9-5-50
<9-5-50
<9-5-50
<9-5-50
<9-5-50

5
5
5
5
5

46.0
44.0
43.0
41.0
38.0*

23.46
22. 44
21.93
20.91
29.38

<9-5-50
<9-5-50
<9-5-50
<9-5-50
<9-5-50

14
14
14
14
14

< 9 - 5 -50
<9-5-50
<9-5-50
<9-5-50
<9-5-50

5
5
5
5
5

43.0
41.0
40.0
39.0
38.5

21.73
20. 91
20.40
19.89
19.64

<9-5-50
<9-5-50
<9-5-50
< 9 - 5 -50
<9-5-50

14

14

5 9 _ 9 _54

21.86
23. 76

14
li

14
14

7 8 - 7 -47
io g _ 8 -53

43.0
41.5

20.21
22.41

8 8 —7 -47
2 9 - 8 -53

55.0
41.0

33.00
22.14

14
14

14
14

10 -10 -60
9-9-54

50.0

30.00

10 -10 -60

ll42.0
i242.5

22.68
22.95

14
14

14
14

ii 9 - 9 -54
12 9 - 9 -54

1
345.0 j 24.25
42.5 22.90
39.5 21.28

14
14
14

14

2 9 - 8 -53
2 9 - 8 -53
2 9 - 8 -53

42.5
40.5
31.5

22.90
21.82
16.97

2 9 - 8 -53

if

li

14
14
14
14

9-9-54
2 9 - & -53
2 9 - 8 -539-9-54

24. 74
23. 72
23.21

14
14
14

14
14
14

<9-5-50
<9-5-50
<9-5-50

24. 74
23.72
23.21
22.19
20.66

14
14

14
14

14
if
if
14
14

23.21
22.19
21.68
21.17
20.91

14
14
14
14
14

18.90

14
14
14

SOUTH CEN TR AL.

Birmingham , Ala.:
Manufacturing sh op s.........
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, roads D
and E ..................................
Railroad shops, road F ___
Little R ock, A rk.:
Railroad shops, road A ___
Flue welders.....................
Car w ork............................

14

2 9 - 8 -53
2 9 - 8 -53

1 Scale became 47 cents on June 1,1917.
2 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
8 Scale became 50 cents on June 16,1917.
4 W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to A pril, inclusive.
6 Scale became 45.5 cents and 48 hours on O ct. 1,1917.
6 Scale became 52.5 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
7 W ork 47 hours,, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes. Scale became 48 hours on Sept. 1, 1917.
8 W ork 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.
9 Scale became 50eents on Sept. 1,1917.
1 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes. Scale became 48 hours on Sept. 1, 1917.
0
1 Under agreement o f A ug. 23, scale became 50.5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective
1
Sept. 1,1917.
1 Under agreement of Aug. 23, scale became 51 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective
2
Sept. 1, 1917.
13 Scale became 50 cents on June 27,1917.




203

U N IQ N SCALE OF W AG ES A N D H O U B S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
B LA C K S M ITH S —Continued.

:

Geographical division and
eity.

Mos.
May 15, 1910.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Rate of wageswages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Far Hours—
1917,
Sun­
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday
Far
Saturdays;
Per week over­ days
Per week
Full week. half
and
Full week.
hour. fall time. holi­
hour. full
holi­
time.
time.
days.
day
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

south central —concluded.

Little Hock, A rk.—Concld^
Railroad shops, road B—
Cents. Dells.
First fire............................. i 47.5 25.59
Second fire......................... 3 45.5 24.52
Miscellaneous, fires........... 4 42. 5 22.90
Forging m achine.............. 3 45.5 24. 52
Light fire........................... 5 38.5 20. 75
H am m erm en.................... 5 37.5 2 0 .2 1
Bulldozer ham m erm en. . 36.0 19.40
Louisville, K y .: Railroad
sh op s...................................... 6 38.5 24.2&
Memphis, Terai.:
Railroad shops—
Frame fire........................ 7 46.5 i 25.11
Engine fire......................... *8 45.0 24.30
Car fire............................... 9 32.5 17.55
New Orleans. La.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 36.1 19.50
Railroad shops...................
42.0 2 2 .6 8

Begulw
nultirate %
plied by—

Cents. Dolt s.
45.0
43.0
40.0
40.0
36.0
35.0
33.5

24.25
23.17
21.55
21.55
19. 40
18. 86
18.05

2 9 _ 8 -53
2 9 - 8 -53
2 9 - 8 -53
2 9 _ 8 -53
2 9 - 8 -53
29 - 8 -53
2 9 - 8 -53

1*

11

ii
ii

29
29
29
29
29
29
29

H

H

6 9 _ $ _63

36.5

23.00

9 - 9 -54

H
H
11

ii
ii
if

9 —9 —
54
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54

44.0
42.5
30.0

23. 76
22.95
16.20

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -5 4
9 - 9 -54

2

2

U

H

9-9-54
9-9-54

41.0

22.14

9 - 9 -54

56.3 1027.00

u

2

8-8-48

56.3 i°31.50

11

1

8 - 8 _56

11

ii 9 - 9 -54

41.0

22.14

9 - 6 -54

11

8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-418
8-8-48

47.4
44.6
43. 5
40.3
40.0
38. Q
35.8

22.73
21.41
2 0 . 88
19.34
19.20
18.24
17.16

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

if
li
li
U

li
if
11

-

-53
-53
-53
-53
-53
-53
-53

11
11

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

W ESTERN .

B utte, Mont.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops...................................
Mines, smelters or concen­
trators .................................
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops...............................
Railroad shops, road A —
First and frame fire..........
Second and spring fire. . .
General fire......................
B olt m akers......................
First car fire......................
H amm erm en.....................
General car fire.................
Railroad shops, road B —
First fire.............................
Second fire.........................
Railroad shops, road D—
First fire.............................
General fire........................
Railroad shops, road F . . . .

1.............

11
50.0.

27.00

i248.9
1*46.1
i 445.0
1542~8
i44L5
1639.5
1437.3

23.45
22.13
2 1 . 60
20.54
19.92
18.96
17.88

11
11

if
ll
if
if
if

li
l|
l|
li
li

54.0
52.0

25.92
24.96

H
H

11

8 - 8 -48

ll

8-8-48

46.0
43.0

22.08
20.64

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

1247.5

22.80

1*43.5
50.0

ll
i|

u

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

46. 0
42. 0
42.0

24. 84
20.16

24.00

2 0 .16

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

2 0 .8 8

11

11

ll
11

-

8 -48
8
8
8
8
8
8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

1 Scale became 53 cents on June 27,1917.
2 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes,
s Scale became 51 cents on June 27,1917.
,
4 Scale became 50 cents on June 2 T 1917.
6 Scale became 44 cents on June 27, 1917.
6 U nder agreement of A ug. 23, scale becam e 50 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 43 hours, effective
Sept. 1,1917.
7 Scale became 54.5 cents on O ct. 1,1917.
Scale becam e 53 cents on Oct. 1, 1917.
9 Scale became 45.5cent& on Oct. 1,19-17.
1 25 cents per day additional when electrolytic copper sells at or above 15 cents per pound.
0
11 Scale became 52 cents and 48 hours on July 1, 1917.
12 Scale became 54 cents on June 1,1917.
13 Scale became 51 cents on June 1, 1917.
1 Scale became 50 cents on June 1, 1917.
4
1 Scale became 47.8 cents on June 1, 1917.
5
16 Scale became 44.5 cents on June 1, 1917.




204

B U L L E T IN

T a b l e A , — UNION

OF TH E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES —Continued.
BLACKSMITHS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Rate of wagesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Sun­
Per
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Per week over­
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

w estern

— concl ud e d .

'
Portland, Oreg.: Manufac­ •Cents
turing and jobbing s h o p s .. 50.0
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................... 56.3
Railroad shops—
First fire............................. 51.1
Second fire or spring fir e . 50.0
Third fire........................... 48.5
General fire or bulldozer I
and forging m achines.. 47.2
B olt m akers...................... 44.5
San Francisco, Cal.: Manu­
facturing shops..................... 50.0
Seattle, W ash.: Shipyards... 56.3
S okane, W ash.:
Railroad shops—
First fire............................. 48. 0
General fire........................ 41.5

Dolls.

Regular
rate multi-

Cents. Dolls.
8-8-48

45.0

24.30

9-9-54

li

8-8-48

ii

H
li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

21.94
l
49.5 i 23.76
48.5 ,23.28
47.0 22.56

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

21.36

ii
ii

H
li

8-8-48
8-8-48

45.7
43.0

21.94
20.64

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

24.00
| 27.00

ii
2

2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48

0)
( 2)

0)
<2>

0)
(2)

25. 92
I 22.41

Mi
3li

li
li

9 - 9 -54
9-9-54

45.5
39.0

24.00

H

2

27.00

li

24.50
23.98
23.28

li

\ 22.66

n

45.7

1

8-8-48

34.57
21.06

9-9-54
9-9-54

22.5
23.5

12.15
12.46

^ 9 - 8 -53
9-8-53

30.0
27.5

15.00
14.85

9-5-50
9-9-54

BLACKSM ITH S’ HELPERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops..........
Jobbing shops......................
New Haven, Conn.: R ail­
road shops.............................
New York, N. Y .:
Manufacturing and job
shops—
Manhattan, B ronx and
Queens............................
Brooklyn............................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing, shops A . . .
Manufacturing, shops B . . .
Railroad shops.....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Locom otive works...............
Railroad shops.....................

4 23.5
627.5

12.69
14.58

H
li

l?.
ll

5 9 - 8 -53
9-8-53

35.0
35.0

17.50
18.90

li
li

2
2

9-5-50
9-9-54

4 23.5

12.69

!i

li

6 9 - 8 -53

22.0

11.88

& - 8 -53
9

7 36.9
7 36.9

17.70
17.70

2
2

2i
2i

8-8-48
8-8-48

32.5
34.4

15. 60
16.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

30.0
30.0
28.0

16.20
14.40
15.12

li
ii
li

2
2
li

9-9-54
8-8-48
9-9-54

C
1)
0)

(0
0)

35.0
28.1
30.0

16.80
14.06
16.20

li
li
li

2
2
li

8 8 - 8 -48
9-5-50
9-9-54

28.1

13.50

5 8 - 8 -48

25.0

13.50

9 - 9 -54

9 23.0

12.42

li

li

9 9 - 9 -54

12

12

0)
C
1)

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Richm ond,
shops........

Va.: Railroad

1 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
a Not organized on May 15, 1916.
8 Double time after midnight.
4 Scale became 26.5 cents on June 1, 1917.
6 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
6 Scale became 32.5 cents on Sept. 10,1917.




7 Scale became 40.5 cents on Aug. 21, 1917.
8 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
9 Under agreement of Aug. 23, s^ale became T9.5
cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective
Sept. 1, 1917.

205

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AN D H O U RS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRA D E S —Continued.
BLACKSMITHS* HELPERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

For Hours—day; 191*,
Full
SatSun­
Per
Per
For
Saturdays; urda; Per week
Per week over­ days
Full week.
hour. full time. arid
hour, full
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days,
pre­
vailed

NORTH CENTRAL.

Cents,
Chicago, III.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 48.0
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................. . 45.0
Outside.................................. 62.5
Railroad shops, roads A
and D ........... ’ ..................
28.0
Railroad shops, road B ___ 1 30.0
Railroad shops, road C—
First fire...........................
32.0
D o .................................. 4 31.5
Second or miscellaneous
fire..................................
32.0
D o .................................. 2 31.5
Miscellaneous fires......... 231.0
D o ..................................
30.0
Railroad shops, road E ___ 5 28.0
Railroad shops, road F ____ 29.0
Indianapolis, In d .:
Railroad shops, road A —
General fire....................
21.8
H eavy fire......................
23.5
Railroad shops, road B ..
23.5
Railroad shops,road C ... 7 24.0
Kansas City, Mo.:
Railroad shops, road A . .
24.0
Railroad shops, road B ..
23.5
Railroad shops, road C ...
25.5
Railroad shops, road D ..
28.5
Railroad shops, road E—
First fire.........................
28.0
Second fire.....................
28.0
Light fire........................
26.5
Railroad shops, road F ___ 27.5
Railroad shops, road H —
H eavy car fire.................
27.0
Ordinary fire...................
26.0
Railroad shops, road J___
27.0
Railroad shops, road K . ..
22.5
Milwaukee, W is.:
Railroad shops...................... 123.5
H am m erm en’ s h e l p e r s ,
railroad shops..................... i2
24,5
Minneapolis, M inn.:
Railroad shops, road B —
Bijg fire.............................
28.0
27.5
General fire......................
26.5

Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents, Dolls.

21.12

2

2

8-4-44

38.0

16.72

8-4-44

21.60
27.50

2
2

2
2

8-8-48
8-4-44

38.0

18.81

9 - 41-491

15.12
16.20

11
11

11

1 9 _ 9 - 54

17.24
16.97

n

11
11

3 9 - 8 -53
3 9 - 8 -53

30.0
29.0

16.17
15.63

3 9 - 8 -53
3 9 - 8 -53

17.24
16.97
16.70
16.17
15.12
15.66

ii

11
li

li
11
1

H

11
li
1

39
39
39
39
59

- 8 -53
- 8 -53
- 8 -53
- 8 -53
_ 9 - 54
9-9-54

30.0
29.0
28.5
27.5

16.17
15.63
15.36
14.82

29
39
39
39

11.75
12.69
12.69
12.96

li
11
11
11

li
li
11
1>

« 9 - 9 -54
« 9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
9-9-54

20.3
22.0
20.5
22.5

10.94
11.88
11.07
12.15

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

12.96
11.28
13.77
15.39

11
11
11
11

11
H
11

9-9-54
8-8-48
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54

20.0
22.5
26.0

9.60
12.15
14.04

■8 -48
9 -54
9 -54

15.09
15.09
14.28
14.82

11
11
11

11
U

3 9 - 8 -53
3 9 - 8 -53
3 9 - 8 -53
3 9 - 8 -53

25.5
24.0
26.0

13.74
12.93
14.01

3 9 - 8 -53
3 9 - 8 -53
3 9 - 8 -53

14.58
14.04
14.58
12.15

11

li
H
11

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

24.5
23.5
24.5
19.0

13*23
12.69
13.23
10.26

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

11.99

1011

11

9 - 5 -50

22.0

11.22

11 9 .

-50

12.50

1011

101 1

1 1 9 - 5 -50

23.0

11.73

n 9 -

-50

14.28
14.03
13. 52

11
11

11
11

11 9 - 5 -50
11 9 _ 5 _50
11 9 _ 5 -50

5 26.0
5 , 25. 5
5 1 24. 5

13.26
13.01
12.50

11 9 ■ 5 -50

u
11
11

H
H

11

U

U

9-9-54

U
11

H

11

H

1 Scale became 33.5 cents on July 5, and 48 hours Sept. 1, 1917.
2 Scale became 39 cents on June 1, and 48 hours on Sept. I, 1917.
3 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
4 Scale became 38.5 cents on June 1, and 48 hours on Sept. 1,1917.
6 Scale became 35 cents on May 28, and 48 hours on June 13, 1917.
®Hours became 50 per week on Aug. 1, 1917.
? Scale became 29 cents on July 16, 1917.
8 Scale became 26.5 cents on May 16, 1917.
* Scale became 28 cents on May 28,1917.
10 Double time after midnight.
1 W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive.
1
*2 Scale became 30 cents on May 28,1917.




Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
F ull week.

-

8 -53
B -53
8 -53
8 -53

5 -50
■ 5 -50

206
T a b le

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
BLACKSMITHS’ HELPERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
Rate of wagesend­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Sun­
Per
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
Per week over­
Full week. half Per week
F ull week.
hour. full time. and
hour. full
holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH CENTRAL—concluded.
Minneapolis, Minn.—Concld.
Railroad shops, road C—
Big fire...............................
Spring fire..........................
General fire........................
Moline, 111.: Railroad shops..
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops........
Outside.................................
Railroad shops, road A . . .
Railroad shops, road B —
First fire...........................
Second fire.......................
Miscellaneous fires.........
Heaters.............................
Railroad shops, road C—
Big fire..............................
Second fire.......................
Miscellaneous fire...........
D o ..................................
Car fire.............................
D o ..................................
Railroad shops, road E ___
Railroad shops, road F ___
Railroad shops, road G ___
Railroad shops, road I I ___
Railroad shops, road I . . .
St. Paul, Minn.:
Railroad shops—road A :
First heavy fire............
Second heavy fire____
General fires.................
Railroad shops, road B ___
D o .....................................
Railroad shops, roads B
and C ................................
Railroad shops, road C___
W ichita, Kans.:
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B :
Big fire..........................
Other fires....................

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

14.75
14.03
13.52
15.94

29 29 29 e 91 -

30.0
42.5
23.0

16.20
18.70
12.39

9-9-54
8-4-44
’ 9-8-53

23.0
40.0

12.42
17.60

8 28.0
8 28.0
9 27.0
IQ
30.5

15.09
15.09
14.55
16.43

79
79
79
79

-53
-53
-53
-53

25.5
25.5
24.5
28.0

13.74
13.74
13.20
15.09

H32.5
H30.0
i229.0
1228.5
1228.5
1228.5

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54

29.0
27.5
26.5
26.0
25.5
25.0

15.66
14.85
14.31
14.04
13.77
13.50

9 -54
■9 -51
9 -54
9 -51
9 54
9 -54

127.5
30.0
H24.0

17.55
16.20
15.66
15.39
15.39
15.39
16.80
13.50
14.85
16.20
12.96

25.0
26.5

13.50
14.31

9 -54
9 -54

30.0
30.0
28.0
29.5
26.5

15.30
15.30
14.28
15.05
13.52

1^9 - 5
is 9 - 5
is 9 - 5
159-5
15 9 - 5

28.5
28.0
26.5
27.5
24.5

14. 54
14.28
13.52
14.03
12.50

15 9 - 5 -50
is 9 - 5 -50
1^ 9-5 -50
is 9 - 5 -50
1 9 - 5 -50
5

27.5
26.0

14.03
13.26

is 9 - 5 -50

25.5
24.0

33.01
12.24

1 9 - 5 -50
5
1 9 - 5 -50
5

35.0
1*25.0

11
11

5 -50
5 -50
5 -50
8|-56

- 8
-8
- 8
-8

12
12
12

6 9> s?,-50
,_

25.5

12 9 - 9 -54

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54
8-8-48
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

14.04

28.0 13.16
li
U
is 8 - 7 -47
26.0 12.42
1£
lj
168 - 7 -47
1 Scale became 34.5 cents on June 1, 1917.
2 W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April,
on June 1,1917.
3 Scale became 32.5 cents on June 1,1917.
* Scale became 31.5 cents on June 1, 1917.
6 Scale became 35.5 cents on June 1,1917.
6 W ork 56 hours, paid for 56 hours and 56 minutes.
7 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
8 Scale became 33.5 cents on June 27,1917.
9 Scale became 32.5 cents on June 27,1917.
i° Scale became 36 cents on June 27,1917.
n Scale became 38 cents on July 1, and 48 hours on Sept. 1,1917.
12 Scale became 34 cents on July 17 and 48 hours on Sept. 1, 1917.
13 Scale became 30 cents on June 1, 1917.
14 Scale became 33 cents on June 16, 1917.
15 W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to A pril,
is w o r k 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.




Dolls.

i 29.5
3 27.5
<26.5
5 28.0

25.0
.........
.........

12.22
11.46

8 -5°,

7 9 - 8 -53

8 -53
8 -53

13.50

26.0
24.0

9 - 9 -54
8 - 4 -44

inclusive.

inclusive,

ifi 8 - 7 -47
“ 8-7-47

Scale became 48 hours

207

U N IO N SCALE OP W AGES AND H O U R S OE LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE* ETC.—Continued.
MITTAL TRADES?—Continued.
BLACKSMITHS* HELPERS—( oncluded.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages;—

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

ing

Geographical division and
city.

For Hours—
Full day;
Sun­
Per
Saturdays;
For days
Per week over­
Full week.
hour. full time. aim
time.
holi-

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Little R ock, Ark.:
Railroad shops* car work, Cents Dolls.
road A ........................... 24.5 13.20
3
D o ...................................... 2 -. 5 12.66
Railroad shops, road B ----- s 2$.5 14.28
Louisville, K y .: Railroad
shops..................................... 23.5 14.81
New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing shops-------- 25.0 13.50
Railroad shops..................... 24.0 12.96

Regular
rate multi­
plied bjp—

i 9 - 8 -53
i & - 8 -53
19 - 8 -53
3 9 - 9 -63

May
15,
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
urday Per week
Full week.
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.

24.0

12.93

8 -53

22.5

14.18

9 -63

9 - 9 -54
9-9-54

• estern .
w

Butte, Mont.:
Manufacturing and job­
bing shops.........................
Mines, smelters, and con­
centrators..........................
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing and jo b ­
bing shopsL........................
Railroad shops, road A —
General fires.....................
Miscellaneous fires...........
Heaters.......... ...................
Railroad shops, road D —
First fire............................
General fires.....................
Railroad shops, road F —
First or second fire.........
General fires.....................
Portland, Oreg.: Manufac­
turing and jobbing s h o p s ..
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Railroad shops—
First fire.......................... .
General fires.....................
San Francisco, Cal.: Manu­
facturing shops....................

443.8 21.00

8-8-48

24.50

8-8-56

443. 8

17.55

27.0

631.5 15.12
733.5 16.08
835.5 27.04

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48

931.5 15.12
63 -. 5 14.64
0

8 -48
8 -48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

38.0
37.0

18.24
17.76

37.5

16.56
16.08

$- 8 -48
J - 8 -48
i - 8 -48

30.0
29.0

14.40
13.92

i - 8 -48
* - 8 -48

30.0
29.0

14.40
13.92

s - 8 -48
i - 8 -48

18.00

34.5
33.5

► 9 -54
-

30.0 14.40
3 -. 0 15.36
2
34.0 16.32

15.00
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

33.0
32.0

15.84
15.36

30.5

16.47

ii 9 - S -53

30.5 16.47
30.5 , 16. 47

119 - 8 -53

8 -48
8 -48

37. 5
BOILER M A K E R S.

N
ORTH ATLAN
TIC.
Boston, Mass.:
Railroad shops, road A,
union A .......................... 103.8O 20.52
Railroad shops, road A,
union B.......................... 1232.0 17.28
Railroad shops, road B_ 1334.5 " 18.29
_

li

li • » 9 - 8 -53

li
li

li
li

U9 - 8 -53
1 9 - 8 -53
3

& - 8 -53
1 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
^
2 Seale became 32 cents on June 27,1917.
3 Off every third Sunday.
* 25 cents per day additional when electrolytic copper sells at or above 15 cents per pound.
6 Scale became 37 cents and 48 hours on July 1,1917.
6 Scale became 37 cents on June 1. 1917.
7 Scale became 38.5 cents on June'l, 1917.
8 Scale became 40.5 cents on June 1,1917.
9 Scale became 39 cents on June 1,1917.
10 Scale became 41 cents o o June 1,1917.
1 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
1
1 Scale became 35 cents on June 1,1917.
2
1 Scale became 39.5 cents on Sept. 10, and 50 hours on July 1 1917.
3




208

B U L L E T IN

T a b l e A . — UNION

OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
BOILER MAKERSr-Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of w ages-

Geographical division and
city

Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops..........
D o .......................................
Outside..................................
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B . . .
Railroad shops, road C ___
Railroad shops, road E ___
Railroad shops, road F —
N ew Haven, Conn.: Rail­
road shops.............................
New Y ork, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops..........
Marine work..........................
Outside..................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Outside..................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing and job ­
bing shops..........................
Building work......................
Outside............................
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Providence, R . I .....................
Rochester, N. Y .:
Manufacturing and job ­
bing shops..........................
Railroad shops.....................

Cents. Dolls.
146.0
351.6
<53.1
5 35.0
6 34.0
7 34.0
37.0
33.0

24.84
27.84
25.50
21.00
20.40
20.40
19.98
19.80

Rate of
wages—

Hours—
191*,
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC—concluded.

May 15,1916.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by-

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
40.0
45.6
50.0

21.60
24.60
24.00

9-9-54
9-9-54
8-8-48

li
li
1
li
li

9-9-54
9-9-54
8-8-48
1 0 - 1 0 -60
6 10 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60
9-9-54
1 0 - 1 0 -60

28.0

16.80

1 0 - 1 0 -60

34.0

18.36

9-9-54

li

li

li
li
li
1
li
li

8 32.0

17.28

li

li

9 9 - 8 -53

30.5

16.47

9 9 - 8 -53

49.4
49.4
62.5

23.70
23. 70
27.50

2

2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44

43.8
46.9

2 1 .0 0

22.50

8-8-48
8-8-48

12

50.0
56.3

24.00
24.75

2

8-8-48
8-4-44

33.3
50.0

16.33

9 _ 4 '- 4 9

12

2 2 .0 0

8 - 4 -44

46.0
62.5
62.5
42.0
45.0
30.0

23.00
27.50
27.50
22.68
24.30
16.20

44.0 2 2 . 0 0
56.3 24.75
56.3 »27.00
37.5 20.25
38.0 20.52

9-5-50
8-4-44
1 8 — » -48
5
9-9-54
9-9-54

65.0
1832.0

31.20
17.28

Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................... 44.0
Locom otive works............... 44.0
Railroad shops...................... |i942.0

22.00
22.00
22.68

10 2 £

2

112

(12)
2
2
li
li
2

133
142

1 2
4
li
li
2

•5
-4
■4
-9
-9
■9

-50
-44
-44
-54
-54
-54

8-8-48
9-9-54

12
12

5

(16)

(16)

1750.0
28.5

27.00
17.10

35.0
41.0

18.90
22.14

(16)

_ 9 -54
10 - 1 0 -60

17 9

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

9-5-50
9-5-50

li
li

199 - 9 - 5 4

9-9-54
9-9-54

1 Scale became 53 cents on Aug. 15, 1917.
a On new work; on repair work, double time.
8 Scale became 55 cents on Aug. 15, 1917.
4 Scale became 56.3 cents on Aug. 15, 1917.
o Scale became 36 cents on Aug. 15,1917.
6 Scale became 45 cents and 54 hours on July 1,1917.
7 Scale became 37 cents on Aug. 15, 1917.
8 Scale became 35 cents on June 1,1917.
®W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
10 On old work; on new work, double time.
» For Labor Day, regular rate multiplied b y 3.
12
On new work, regular rate m ultiphed b y 1£; after 4 p. m. on Saturday b y 2; on repair work, regular
rate multiplied b y 2; after 4 p. m. on Saturday, b y 2£.
19 For Labor Day, regular rate multiplied b y 4.
u On new work; on repair work, triple time; for Labor Day, regular rate multiplied b y 4.
i» 44 hours and $24.75 per week, June to September, inclusive.
h N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
1 50 hours and $25 per week, June to August, inclusive.
7
ia Scale became 42 cents on July 1, 1917.
19Under agreement of Aug. 23, scale became 50.5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective Sept.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

209

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER MAKERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
w agesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day;
F ull day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
over­ days
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
and
time.
holi­
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

SOUTH ATLANTIC—concluded.
Baltimore, Md.:
Cents.
Manufacturing shops........... 48.0
Outside................................... 68.
Charleston, S. C.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................... 42.
Railroad shops......................2 4 2 .0
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................... 40.0
Railroad shops......................3 4 4 . 5
R ichm ond, V a.:
Railroad shops, road A ........442.3
Railroad shops, roads B ,
C, and D ............................ 2 4 2 . 0
W ashington, D. C ................... 53.7

Dolls.
23.76
33.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
2
2

2

Cents. Dolls.

8-8-48

30.6
56.3

16.50
27.00

C
1)

C
1)

0)

C
1)

0)

C
1)

-54
-44
-44
-44
-44
-4 4
-44
-54
-53
-48

40.0
57.5
60.5
52.5
57.5
62.5
62.5

21.60
25.30
26.62
23.10
25.30
27.50
27.50

9-9-54
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44

41.5
41.5

22.36
19.92

>9-8-53
8-8-48

9 - 9 -54
- 8 -53
- 9 -54

44.5
44.5
42.0

24.03
24.03
22.68

2 9 - 8 -53

9 - 4£-49i
8-8-48

23.10
22.68

9-9-54
19-9-54

21.60
24.03

9-9-54
8 9 - 9 -54

22.82

49 - 9 -54

22.68
25.50

9-9-54

2 9 • 9 -54

8 -48

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................... 42.0
Boiler makers &
..................... 62.5
Flangers 5 ............................... 65.0
R iveters 5............................... 57.5
W elders 5 ................................ 62.5
Outside................................... 70.0
Field w ork ............................ 65.6
Railroad shops, road B ___ 6 4 4 . 0
Railroad shops, road C....... 1 44.0
Railroad shops, road E ___ 1044.0
Railroad shops, roads *G
and H ................................. 47.5
Railroad shops, road 1........“ 47.5
Railroad shops, road J ........ 47.0
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops...........1338.0
Outside.................................. 1550.0
Outside, tanks and smoke­
stacks.................................. 62.5
Railroad shops, road B ___ 36.5
Railroad shops, road D ___ 42.0

22.68
27.50
28.60
25.30
27.50
30.80
28.88
23.76
23.71
21.12

2
2
2
2
2
li
li
li

25.65
25.65
25.38
18.81
24.00

li
li
li

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
li
l|
li
li
li
li

14 l i

14 l i

2

2

li

li
li

30.00
18.37
22.68

2

H

-9
4
•4
-4
■4
-4
-4
-9
-8
•8

2

12 9

- ±h-m

9-9-54
9-9-54
9 - 4*-49*

- 8 -48“
- 8 -48
- 5i-50^
- 9 -54

12
37.5

20.25

1 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.

2 Under agreement of A ug. 23, scale becam e 50.5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective
Sept. 1, 1917.
8 Under agreement of Aug. 23, scale became 53 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective Sept.
1.1917.
4 Under agreement of Aug. 23, scale became 50.8 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective Sept.
1.1917.
6 W orking for companies not engaged in the manufacture of boilers.
6 Scale became 52. 5 cents on July 5, and 48 hours on Sept. 1,1917.
7 Scale became 52.5 cents on June 1.
8 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes. Scale became 48 hours on Sept. 1, 1917.
8 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
i° Scale became 52.5 cents on May 28,' 1917.
11 Scale became 52 cents on Aug. 10,1917.
12 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
i® Scale became 40 cents for new work, and 43.6 cents for repair work, on June 1,1917.
h On new work; on repair work, double time,
is Scale became 62.5 cents on June 1,1917.

62373°—19— Bull. 245-




-14

210

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
B O ILE R M A K E R S —Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
Rate of wagesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Per j For Sun­
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
Pesr week 1 over­ days
Full week. half hour. full
F ull week.
hour. fa ll ; time. ana
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
■city.

NORTH

central —continued.

Cents.
Cleveland, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops........... 50.0
Outside...................... ........... 62.5
Railroad shops, road A ----- 41.5
Railroad shops, road B ___ 40.0
Railroad shops, road C....... 41.5
Columbus, O h io...................... 42.0
Davenport, Iowa, and R ock
Island and Moline, 111.:
Manufacturing shops........... 43.0
Railroad shops...................... ’ 43.5
Des Moines, Iowa:
Manufacturing____________ a 45 0
Railroad shops..................... 43.5
Detroit, Mich.:
Manufacturing shops........... 40.0
Outside................................... 1062 5
Railroad shops, road A ----- 37.5
Railroad shops, road B . . . . H34 0
Railroad shops, road C....... 36.5
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Railroad shops, road A ----- 38.0
Railroad shops, road B ----- 39.5
Indianapolis, Ind .:
Manufacturing shops........... 42.0
Outside................................... 65.0
Railroad shops, road A ----- 1240.5
Railroad shops, road B ----- 40.0
Railroad shops, road C....... 1342.0
Layer s~out and fiangers,
road A __________________ i442.5
Layers-out and fiangers,
road B ................................ 42.0
Kansas City, Mo.:
45.0
Manufacturing shops__
Outside................................... 62.5
Railroad shops, roads A ,
D , and J ............................. 43.5
Railroad shops, road B ----- 43.5
Railroad shops, road C____ 43.5
Railroad shops, road E ___ 44.0
Railroad shops, road F ----- 43.5
Railroad shops, road IT___ 43.5
Railroad shops, road I ........ 42.5
Railroad shops, road K ___ 43.5




Dolls.
i 24.75
27.50
4 20.75
3 20.00
4 20.75

Regular
rate muttiplied by—
H
H
H
H
H

2 2
22

n

H
li
li
li

23.22
23,44

2

2

H

li

24.30
23.49

2

2

2 2 .0 0

1*
2“

2
2

li
li
li
1

2 1 .0 0

30.00
22.50
20.40
21.90
20.90
23,70

li

li

2 1 .0 0

n

2 2 .6 8

li
li
li
li

22.95

li

31.20
21.87
21.60

i 9 _ 4 1-49^
8 - 4 -44
4 9 - 5 -.50
3 9 - 5 -50
* 9 - 5 -<50
9-5-50

22.14
22.09

9 - 9 -54
» 9 - 8 -53

21.87

9-9-54

35.0

12

*9 - S -50
“ 9 - 5 -50
6
3 9 - 5 -50
9-5-50

2 1 .0 0

12

li
li
li

10 - 5 -55
io g _ 8 -48
10 - 1 0 -60
ii 10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

li
li

1 0 —5 -55
10 - 1 0 -60

12

35.0
35.5

9-5-50
12
8-8-48
9 - 9 -54 .
9 - 9 - 5 4 t _____
9-9-54

37.5

18.75

9 - 5 -50

li
li
li

38.5
37.5
39.5

20.79
20.25
21.33

9-9-54
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54

li

9-9-54

40.5

21.87

9-9-54

39.5

21.33

9-9-54

40.0
56.3

21.60
27.00

9-9-54
8-8-48

2
2

li

li

24.30
30.00

li

2
2

9-9-54
8-8-48

3

1 0 - 1 0 -60

i
19.25
21.30

9-9-54 !
41.0 22.14
li
li
8-8-48
39.0 18.72
li
li
8-8-48
41.0 19.68
1*
li
89 - S -53
23.71
41.5 22.36
li
li
23.44
8 9 - 8 -53
41.0 -22.09?
u
li
23.49
9-9-54
41.5 22.41
li
li
li
22.95
9-9-54
40.0 21.60
li
23.49
9-9-54
40.5 21.87
li
li
1 54 hours and $27 per week, O ctober to April, inclusive.
2 And on Saturday afternoons.
8 54 hours and $21.60 p er week, October to April, inclusive.
4 54 hours and $22.41 per week, October to April, inclusive.
5 54 hours and $19.98 per week, October to April, inclusive.
6 54 hours and $18.99 per week, O ctober to April, inclusive.
7 Scale became 52 cents on June 1,1917.
* W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
9 Scale became 50 cents on June 9,1917.
10 44 hours and $27.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
1 Scale became 39 cents on June 12, and 48 hours, on Sept. 15,1917.
1
12 Scale became 45 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
13 Scale became 47 cents on July 16,1917.
1 Scale became 47.5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
4
2 0 .8 8
2 0 .8 8

3 9 _ 9 _49j
1 8 - 4 -44

40.0; 8 19.80
56.3 124.75
37.0 &18.50
35.0 «17.50
40.0 8 2 0.0 0
38.0 19.00

40.5

5
5
5

9-9-54
9-9-54

9-9-54

23.49

Cents. Dolls. |

41.0
41.0

6

9 - -9 -54
8 9 - 8 -53

2 2 .6 8

2

5

1 0 - 5 -55
1 0 - 1 0 -tfO

9-9-54
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 9 - 8 -53
*9-8-53
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
9-9-54

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le

211

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRA D E S —Continued.
BOILER M AKERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour

NORTH

Rate of
wages—

For Hours—day; 191*,
Full
SatSun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
week over­
Full week. half hour. full
full time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed

central —continued.

Milwaukee, W is.:
Cents.
Manufacturing shops........... 1 37.0
Outside................................... 62.5
Railroad shops...................... 4 44.0
Railroad shops, roundhouse 6 44.0
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Railroad shops, road A ___ 45.5
Railroad shops, road B ___ 47. 0
Omaha,
Nebr.,
railroad
shops................................... 44.0
Peoria, 111.:
Jobbing shops....................... 9 40.0
Railroad shops, road A ___ 1043.5
Railroad shops, road B ___ 1 42.0
0
* Railroad shops, road C .......H39.0
Railroad shops, road D ___ 1239.0
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 1 40.0
3
Outside.................................. 1345. 0
Railroad shops, road A ___ 1644.0
Railroad shops, road B, in­
spectors.............................. i7
46.5
Railroad shops, road B ___ 1844.0
Railroad shops, road B ,
flue welders........................i9
36.5
Railroad shops, road C ....... 2045. 0
Railroad shops, road F ___ 2142.0
Railroad shops, road G ___ 2243.5
Railroad shops, road 1........ 2343.5
St. Paul, Minn.:
Railroad shops, road A ___ 47.0
Railroad shops, road C ....... 47.0
Railroad shops, road D ----- 45.5

May 15, 1916.

Bolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents, Bolls.

20.35
27.50
22.44
24.64

i 10 - 5 -55
8-4-44
59 • 5 -50
68 ■ 8 -56

35.0

19.25

1 0 - 5 -55

41.5
41.5

21.17
23.24

5 9 - 5 -50
8-8-56

23.21
23.97

59 ■ 5 -50
5 9 . 5 -50

43.0
45.5

21.93
23.21

5 9 - 5 -50
5 9 - 5 -50

23.71

89-8-53

41.5

22.36

► 8 -53
-

21.60
23.49
22. 68
21.06
19. 50

■9
1 09 ■ 9
10 9 ■ 9
9 ■9
-5

19.80
2 2 28
23. 76

4i-49§
158 - 4 -44
is 9 - 9 -54

41.5

22.41

9-9-54

25.06
23. 71

**9 —8 —
53
8 9 - 8 -53

44.0
41.5

23.71
22.36

*9-8-53
s 9 - 8 -53

19. 67
24. 30
22.68
23. 44
23.49

8 9 - 8 -53
9-9-54
9-9-54
s 9 - 8 -53
23 9 —9 -54

34.0
42.0

18.32
22.68

8 9 - 8 -53

40.0
41.0

21.55
22.14

9-8-53
9 - 9 -54

44.5

22.70

2 9 - 9 -50
4

42.*0

25.’ 20

" i o '- i o '- ^ o

23.97
23.97
27.30

li
1J
lj

-54
-54
-54
-54
-50

12

2 9 _ 5 _50
4
2 9 _ 5 _5()
4
10 -10 -60

9-9-54

1 Scale became 44 cents and 54 hours on June 1 , 1917.
2 O n new work; repair work, double time.
3 For Labor D ay, triple time.

* Scale became 52.5cents on May 28, and 47 hours on June 28,1917.
5 W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive.
6 Scale became 52.5 cents on May 28, and 56 hours on June 28,1917.

* D ouble tim e after m idnight.
s W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
9 Scale became 55 cents and 50 hours on June 1,1917.
i° Scale became 52 cents on June 1, and 53 hours on Sept. 1,1917.
11 Scale became 47 cents on July 1,1917.
12 Scale became 47 cents on July 15,1917.
13 Scale became 50 cents on A ug. 2,1917.
14 54 hours per week, September to A pril, inclusive. Scale became 48 hours on Aug. 2, 1917.
15 W ork 44 nours, paid for 4 9 May to August, inclusive; 48 hours, paid for 54, September to A pril,.in­
clusive. Scale became 48 hours on Aug. 2, 1917.
1 Scale became 52 cents and 48 hours on Oct. 1.1917.
6
17 Scale became 52.5 cents on June 27,1917.
18 Scale became 50 cents on June 27,1917.
19 Scale became 43 cents on June 27,1917.
2° Scale became 52 cents on A ug. 23,1917.
a Scale became 47 cents on June 1,1917.
22 Scale became 52 cents on June 1,1917.
23 Scale became 50 cents and 48 hours on June 16,1917.
24 W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive.




212

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A,—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
BOILER MAKERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Rate of wagesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
For Hours—day; 1917,
Full
F ull day;
Sat­
Per
Sun­
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Per week over­ days
Full week. halt hour. full
Full week.
hour. full time. and
holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH CENTRAL—concluded.
W ichita, Kans.:
Outside men, calkers..........
Outside men, riveters.........
Railroad shops, road B ----Railroad shops, road B ,
flankers and layers-out...
Railroad shops, road B ,
roundhouse........................
Railroad shops, road C .......
Railroad shops, road C,
roundhouse........................

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

62.5
62.5
1 44.0

30.00
30.00
21.02

li
1*

8-8-48
8-8-48
2 8 - 7 -47

47.5
41.5

28.50
19.83

8 - 8 -48
2 8 - 7 -47

3 46.5

22.22

U

2 8 - 7 -47

44.0

21.02

2 8 - 7 -47

144.0
644.0

23.71
21.02

li
1£

<9-8-53
2 8 - 7 -47

41.5
41.5

22.36
19.83

» - 8 -53
i - 7 -47

5 44.0

23.71

1*

6 9 - 8 -53

41.5

22.36

1-8-53

28.50
23.49
23.49

10 -10 -60
7 9 - 9 -54
7 9 - 9 -54

42.5
41.0

25. 50
22.14

10 -10 -60
9-9-54

22.68

8 9 - 9 -54

27.00
24. 25
24. 25

10 -10
<9-8

42.5
42.5
42.5

25.50
22.90
22.90

* 9 - 8 -53
* 9 - 8 -53

SOUTH CENTRAL.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Manuiacturing and jo b ­
bing shops.......................... 47.5
Railroad shops, road B ----- 7 43. 5
Railroad shops, road D ----- 7 43.5
Railroad shops, roads E , '
F, and G ............................ 42.0
Little R ock, Ark.:
Manufacturing shops........ 5 45.0
45.0
Railroad shops, road A . . .
Railroad shops, road B . . . &45.0
Railroad shops, road B,
roundhouse, night work 5 45.0
Louisville, K y .:
35.0
Manufacturing shops........
Outside................................. 56.0
Railroad shops, road A . . . 8 42.0
Railroad shops, road G ----- 1041. 0
Memphis, Tenn.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 45.0
Railroad shops, road A — U45.0
Railroad shops, roads B
and C ................................. 1245.0
Railroad shops, road E ___ 44.0
Nashville, Tenn.: Railroad
42.0
shops.................................

9 9§- 8§-57

10 -10 -60

9 9§- 8§-57

17.50
24.64
22. 68
22.14

9-5-50
8-4-44
8 9 - 9 -54
10 9 _ 9 - 5 4

32.0
50.0
41.0

17.28
22.00
22.14

9-9-54
8-4-44
9-9-54

24.30
24.30

9 - < -54
1 1 9 - 1 -54

41.0
42.5

22.14
22.95

9-9-54
9-9-54

24.30
23.76

12 9 - 9 -54

9-9-54

42.5
(1 3 ;

22.95
(1 3 )

9-9-54
(1 3 )

1-9-54

40.5

21.87

9-9-54

22.6

1 Scale became 50 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
2 W ork 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.
3 Scale became 52.5 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.

4 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.

5 Scale became 50 cents on June 27, 1917.

6 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes. Scale became 48 hours on Aug. 1, 1917.
7 Under agreement of A ug. 23, scale became 52 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective
Sept. 1, 1917.
8 Under agreement of Aug. 23, scale became 50.5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective
Sept. 1, 1917.
9 W ork 57 hours, paid for 59 hours and 57 minutes.
i° Scale became 52 cents and 48 hours on Oct. 1, 1917.
u Scale became 53 cents and 48 hours on Oct. 1, 1917.
1 I9i7nder agreement of A ug' 23, scale became 53-5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective Sept.
*i3 No scale in effect on May 15, 1916.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOX7BS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le

213

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER MAKERS—Concluded.
May 15,1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

so u th

central—

For
Sun­
Per
For
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi-

concluded.

New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing
Outside.......... .
Railroad shops, road B . .
Railroad shops, road C ...

Cents. Dolls.
143.8
25 0.0
42.0
46.0

WESTERN.
Butte, Mont.:
Manufacturing shops........ . 68.8
Outside..................... ........... 87.5
Smelters............................
68.8
Railroad sh op s ................... 49.0
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing and jo b ­
bing shops........................ M 2.5
Railroad shops, roads A
and D ................................ 8 43.5
Railroad shops, road A,
fl angers and layers-out.. . 45.5
Railroad shops, road B ___ 50.0
Railroad shops, road B,
flangers and layers-out... 52.0
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing and job ­
bing shops......................... 53.0
Outside.................................. 53.0
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing and job ­
bing shops......................... 56.3
Railroad shops..................... 45.5
San Francisco, Cal.:
Manufacturing and jo b ­
bing shops......................... 53.1
Outside, repair w ork .......... 59.8
Outside, building w ork___ 62.5
Outside, on tanks................ 56.3
Riveters, chippers, and
calkers................................ 53.1
Seattle, W ash.:
Manufacturing and job ­
bing sh op s./...................... 56.3
Outside.................................. 62.5
Railroad shops and round­
house ................................. . 49.0
Shipyards............................ . 56. 3
Shipyards, loftsm en.......... . 62.5
Shipyards, punch and
shear m en .......................... 50.0
Shipyards, drillers and
reamers.............................
45.0
Spokane, W ash.:
Railroad shops...................
49.0

21.00
24.00
22.68
24.84

33.00
38.50
38.50
26.46
7 21.6

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
F ull week. half hour. full
F ull week.
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by-

2

2
14
la

14
it
8 14

Cents. Dolls.
8
8
9
39

38.9
44.4
41.0
43.5

-8-48
-8-48
-9-54
- 8 -53

• 8 -48
- 4 -44
- -8 -56
■ 8 -53

6 84-

21.00
24.00
22.14
23.49

-54
-54
-54
-53

56.3 4 27.00

-48

56.3 4 31.50

-56

21.84
24.00

84-51

41.0

22.14

9-9-54

li

8-8-48

42.0

20.16

8-8-48

ii

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

44.0
42.0

21.12
20.16

8-8-48
8-8-48

n

20.8

8-8-48

44.0

21.12

8-8-48

14

25.44
25.44

• 8 -48
■8 -48

44.4
50.0

24.00
24.00

9-9-54
8-8-48

27.00
21.84

■ 8 -48
• 8 -48

44.0
44.0

23. 76
21.12

9-9-54
8-8-48

25.50
28.69
27.50
27.00

10 1J
10 1*
10 l i

8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
8-4-44
8-8-48

25.50

10 l i

8-8-48

50.0

24.00

t -48

27.00
30.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

50.0
56.3

24.00
27.00

■8 -48
■8 -48

26. 4£
27.00
30.00

9-9-54
8 - 8 -48
8-8-48

50.0
56.3

24.00
27.00

■ 8 -48
■ 8 -48

24.00

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8 -48

21.60

8-8-48

40.0

19. 20

8 -48

26.46

9 - 9 -54

1 Scale became 50 cents on June 20, 1917.

2

12

2 Scale became 60 cents on June 20, 1917.
3 W ork 53 hours, paid tor 54.
4 25 cents per day additional when electrolytic copper sells at or above 15 cents per pound.
6 Double time after m idnight.
6 Scale became 52 cents and 48 hours on July 1, 1917.
7 Also a bonus of 10 per cent for making a full m onth’ s time.
8 Scale became 50 cents on June 1, 1917.
8 Scale became 52 cents on June 1,1917.
1 Double tim e after 10 p. m .
0




•9
9
9 -9
39 • 8

214

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
BOILER MAKERS’ HELPERS.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur
ingvear
Rate of
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
H ours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Sun­
Saturdays;
For
Saturdays; urday Per week
days
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
over­ and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week
full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Railroad shops, road A ,
union A ..............................
Railroad shops, road A ,
union B ..............................
Railroad shops, road B ___
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops..........
D o ....................................
Outside..................................
New Haven, Conn...................
New York, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops..........
Outside..................................
Outside, marine w ork ........
Inside, marine w ork ...........
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Outside..................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing and jo b ­
bing shops..........................
Building w ork......................
Outside..................................
Railroad shops.....................
Providence, R . I ......................
Rochester, N. Y ......................

Cents Dolls.

Regular
rate multiplied by—

Cents. Dolls.

li

2 9 - 8 -53

24.5

13.23

2 9 - 8 -53

li

U

29-8-53
2 9 - 8 -53

24.5
22.0

13.23
11.66

-53
-53

19.74
16. 74
15.84
14.04

32.6
27.0

17.58
14.58

1-9-54
1-9-54

ii

9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
8-8-48
2 9 - 8 -53

24.5

13.23

34.4
50.0
34.4
34.4

16.50
22.00
16. 50
16.50

2
2
2
2

8 —8 —
48
8-4-44
8-8-48
8-8-48

31.3

15.00

1-8-48

31.3
32.5

15.00
15.60

i - 8 -48
! - 8 -48

37.5
43.8

18.00
19.25

2
io 2

8-8-48
8-4-44

22.2
37.5

10.89
16.50

9 - 4 -49
8 - 4 -44

34.5
56.3
56.3
23.5
20.0
37.5

17. 25
24. 75
24. 75
12. 69
10.80
18.00

1 23
13 2
13 2

9-5-50
8-4-44
8-4-44
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
8-8-48

30.0 15.00
46.3 20.35
46.3 H22.20
21.5 11. 61
(15)
(15)
27.8 1615.00

9-5-50
8-4-44
*8-8-48
9-9-54
(1 5 )
•9 - 9 -54

127.5

14.85

326. 0
*26.0

13.78
13.78

31.0
833.0
'26.0

li

0 1)
2
2
li
2
2

n

2'
2

29 -

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, Md.:
Manufacturing shops........ . 27.8 13. 75
Outside.................................. 56.3 27.00
R ichm ond, V a.:
Railroad shops, roads A
and C ................................. 1 23.0 12.42
7
Railroad shops, road B ___ 1 24.0 12.9
8

4M9.\
8 -48"
li

U

22.2
43.8

12.00
21.00

9-9-54
8-8-48

17 9 _ 9 _54
is 9 _ 9 _54

1 Scale became 30.5 cents on June 1,1917.
2 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
* Scale became 29 cents on June 1,1917.
4 Scale became 29 cents on Sept. 10, and 50 hours on July 1,1917.
5 Scale became 41.6 cents on A ug. 15,1917.
®.On new work; on repair Work, double time.
7 Scale became 36 cents on Aug. 15,1917.
8 Scale became 38 cents on A ug. 15,1917.
* On old work: on new work double time.
m For Labor D ay, regular rate multiplied b y 3.
1 On new work, regular rate multiplied b y H; after 4 p. m. on Saturday, regular rate m ultiplied b y 2;
1
on repair work, regular rate multiplied b y 2; after 4 p. m. on Saturday, b y 2.V
.
12 For Labor Day, regular rate multiplied b y 4.
1 On new work; on repair Work, triple time; for Labor D ay, regular rate m ultiplied b y 4.
3
14 44 hours and $20.35 per Week, June to September, inclusive,
is No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
16 50 hours and $13.89 per week, June to August, inclusive.
17 Under agreement of Aug. 23 scale became 29.5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective Sept.
1.1917.
is Under agreement of Aug. 23 scale became 30.5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective Sept.
1.1917.




U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AN D H O U E S OF LABOE, M A Y 15, 1917.

215

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AN D HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ET€.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
BOILER MAKERS’ HELPERS—Continued.
May 15,1917.
Rate

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
Sun­
week For days
full over­ and
time. time. holi­
days.

N O RTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Cents,
Manufacturing shops........... 35. 0
Do. i ................................ 45.0
O utside.. . . . . . . . . . ............... 60.0
F ie ld w o rk ...... ......... ........... 56.3
Railroad shops, road B ___ 229, 0
Railroad shops, Toad C .— 328.0
Railroad shops, road E ,
roundhouse_____ _____J .. 5 23.5
Railroad shops, roads G
a n d H ................................ 31.5
Railroad shops, road I ___ . 631. 0
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops.......... 825.0
Outside................................ .. 3i
Railroad shops..................... 21.0
Cleveland, Ohio:
Manufecturkxg shops.......... 35.0
Outside......................... 56.3
Railroad shops, road A ___ 25.0
Railroad shops, road B ___ 27. 5
Railroad steeps, road C ____ 30.0
D avenport, Iowa, and Moline
and R ock Island, 111.:
Manufacturing shop s.......... 30.0
Railroad shops........., .......... ^ 28.5
Des Momes, Iow a ................... 26.0
D etroit, M ich.:
Manufacturing sh op s.......... 30. 0
Outside.................................. 50.0
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Railroad shops, road A ___ 24. 0
Railroad shops, road B ___ 25.0
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Railroad shops, road A ___ is 22.5
Railroad shops, road B ___ 24.5
Kansas City, M o.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 30.0
Outside.................................. 56.3
Railroad shops, road C....... 27.5
Railroad shops, road D ___ 28.5
Railroad shops, road E ___ 28.0
Railroad shops, road F ___ 27.5
Railroad shops, road H ___ 27.0
Railroad shops, road 1........ 36. G
Railroad shops, road J........ 26.5
Railroad shops, road K ___ 25.0

Dolls.
18.90
19.80
26.40
24.75
15. 66
15.09

Regular
rate maiUiplbed by—
2
2
2
2
14
14

9-9-54
8-4-44
8-4-44
8-4-44
9 - 3 —54
4 9 - 8 -53

32.5
40.0
50. 0
50.0

17.55
17.60
22.00
22. < 0
5

9 - 9 -5 4
8-4-44
8 — 4 -44
8-4-44

25.5

13. 74

4 9 - 8 -53

11.28

14

8-8-48

18.0

17.01
16.74

14
14

1-9-54
• - 8 -53

28.5
28.0

15. 39
15.12

9 - 9 -54
7 9 - 8 -53

12.38
18.00
10.57

14
2

• - 4J-49I
1-8-48
1 - 54-504

14
1 2
0

1 - 4>49i

8 - 8 -48

1-4-44

25.0 12.38
46.3 U20.35

9 - 44-494
u 8 - 4 -44“

•- 5 -50
1-5-50
• —5 —
50

25.0 1212.50
25.0 12 12.50

12 9 - 5 -50
12 9 - 5 -50

16.20
15.36
14.04

9-9-54
is 9 - S -53
9 - "9 -54

27.0 14. 58
26.0, 14.01
1 22.0 11.88

16.50
1 24.00
7

1 0 - 5 -55

17. 33
24.75

** 12.50
1313.75
1*15.00

13. 20
15.00
12.15
13.23
16.20
27.00
13. 20
15. 39
15. 09
14.82
14. 58
14.04
14.31
13. 50

1 W orking for companies not engaged in the
manufacture of boilers.
2 Scale became 34.5 cents on July 5 , 1917.
8 Scale became 33 cents on Aug. 15,1917.
* W ork 53hours, paid for 53hours and 53 minutes.
6 Scale became 28 cents on May 28,1917.
6 Scale became 34 cents on Aug. 10,1917.
7 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
8 Scale became 27.5 cents on July 1,1917.
9 On aew work; on repair w ork, double time,
1 And on Saturday afternoons.
0
u 48 hours and $22.20 per week, October to A pril,
inclusive.




Mos
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Per
Full day;
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
time.
holi­
day
pre­
vailed

2
14
li
14

12 j 21.0
1 0 - 5 -55
10 -10 -430
24.0
is 9 _ 9 -54 . . . . . j 20.5
9-9-54
23.0

9-9-54
■ 8- 8- 48
8-8-48
9-9-54
<9-9-53
* 9 - 8 -53
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

10-5
11.55
14.40 I 10 -10
|
11. m
9 -9
12.42
9 -9

A © 10.80

50.0
25.®
26.0
.. . . . . . 25.5
25.®
_____ 24.0
23.5

9-9-54
<9-8-53
9-9-54

24. 00
12.00

14.04
13. 74
13.74
12.-86

12.69
25. € 13.50
1 23.0 1 12. 42

-55
-60
-54
-54

9 - 9 -54
8-8-48
8-8-48
9 - 9 -54
4 9 - 8 -53
» 9 - $ -53
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

1 51 hoars and $13.50 per week, October to April,
2
inclusive,
13 54 hoars and $14.67 per week, October to April,
inclusive.
14 54 hours and $16.20 per week, October to A pril,
inclusive.
is Scale became 36 cents on June 1,1917..
is W ork 53 hours, paid for 53h©urs and 53 ramutos.
Scale became 48 hours on Sept, 1,1917,
1 7 44 hours and $22 per week, June to August,
inclusive.
w Scale became 24.8 cents and 50 hours on Aug.
1,1917.

216

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER MAKERS* HELPERS—Continued.
May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

Per
week
full
time.

NORTH CENTRAL—concluded.
Milwaukee, W is.:
Cents.
Manufacturing shops.......... 125.0
Outside.................................. 50.0
Railroad shops..................... 423.5
Railroad shops, roundhouse 723.5
Minneapolis, Minn.: Railroad
shops....................................... 25.5
Omaha, N ebr.: Railroad
shops....................................... 28.0
Peoria, 111.:
Jobbing shops.......................925.0
Railroad shops..................... 1 29.0
0
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 25.0
Outside...................................1 28.1
2
Railroad shops, road A ___ 24.5
Railroad shops, road B ----- i428.0
5
Railroad shops, road C ....... 1 26.5
Railroad shops, road F ___ is 24.0
St. Paul, Minn.:
Railroad shops, road A ___ 24.5
Railroad shops, road C ....... i724.0
W ichita, Kans.:
Outside.................................. 56.3
Railroad shops, road B ___ 28.0
D o ....................................... 29.0
Railroad shops, road C....... 27.0
D o ....................................... 27.0

Dolls.
13.75
22.00
11.99
13.16

For
Sun­
For days
over­ and
time. holi­
days.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
2
5U

2
32
li
li

13.01

5 li

ii

15.09

• li

13.50
15.66

2

2

li

li

H12.38
13.92
13.23
15.09
14.31
12.96

2li

27.00
13.38
15.63
12.90
14.55

li
li
li
li
li
li

5li

2l i
2 1§
li
li
li
li

\i
A
2

li
li
li

li

ii

li
li

ii

Cents. Dolls.

ll

-55
-44
-50
-56

22.0
22.0

11.22
12.32

69 - - 5 -50

24.5

12.50

6 9 - 5 -50

8 9 -• 8

li

12.50
12.24

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour.
Full week.
full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

■5
•4
49 -- 5
7 8 - •8

25.5

13.74

8 9 - 8 -53

22.0
25.5
23.5

11.88
13.74
12.69

9-9-54
8 9 - 8 -53
9-9-54

11.99

6 9 - 5 -50

-53

« 9 - 5 -50
8-8-56

9-9-54
io 9 - 9 -54
li 9
1 8
3
9
89
9

-

4J-49J
4 -44
9 -54
8 -53
9 -54
9 -54

eg . 5 -50
1 9 . 5 -50
8
8-8-48
1 8 - 7 -47
9
8 -53
’is 8 - 7 -47
:
8 -53

24.5
24.5
24.5
24.5

11.71
13.20
11.71
13.20

19 8
89
19 8
89

-

7
8
7
8

-47
-53
-47
-53

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.: Railroad
shops.................................
Little R ock, Ark.:
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B . . .
Railroad shops, road B,
round house, night w ork.

»25.0

13.50

2 9 - 9 -54
0

26.0
2126.0

14.01
14.01

8 9 - 8 -53
8 9 - 8 -53

23.5
23.5

12.66
12.66

8 9 - 8 -53
8 9 - 8 -53

2126.0

15.58

22 9g- 8|-57

23.5

14.09

22 9§- 8§-57

1 Scale became 30 cents and 54 hours on June 1,1917.
2 On new work; on repair work, double time.
• For Labor Day, triple time.
4 Scale became 28 cents on May 28 and 47 hours on June 28,1917.
e Double tim e after midnight.
6 W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive.
* Scale became 28 cents on May 28 and 56 hours on June 28,1917.
» W ork 53 hoars, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
8 Scale became 40 cents on June 1,1917.
i° Scale became 32 cents and 48 hours on June 1,1917.
1 54 hours and $13.50 per week, September to April inclusive.
1
12 Scale became 38 cents on Aug. 2,1917.
is W ork 44 hours, paid for 49J, May to August, inclusive; 48 hours, paid for 54, September to A pril, in­
clusive.
14 Scale became 33.5 cents on June 27,1917.
is Scale became 33 cents on Aug. 23, 1917.
16 Scale became 30 cents on June 1,1917.
17 Scale became 28 cents on July 1,1917.
is W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive. Scale became 48 hours
on July 1, 1917.
is W ork 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and-47 minutes.
2 Under agreement of Aug. 23 scale became 31.5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective Sept. 1,
0
1917.
2 Scale became 32 cents on June 27,1917.
1
2 W ork 57 hours, paid for 59 hours and 57 minutes.
2




217

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND H O U B S OF LABOB, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b le

A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
B OILER M AKERS* H E LPE R S—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

SOUTH CENTRAL—

For
Per
Sun­
week For days
full over­ and
time. time. holi-

concluded.

Louisville, K y .:
Cents,
Manufacturing shops.......... 25.0
Outside.................................. 50.0
Railroad shops, road A ___ 122.5
Railroad shops, road G ___ 223.5
New Orleans, La.:
Outside.................................. 25.0
D o ....................................... 31.3
Railroad shops, road B ___ 23.0
Railroad shops, road C....... 28.0

Dolls.
12.50
22.00
12.15
12.69

5
■4
1 9 •9
29 • 9

Cents. Doll*.

-50
-44
-54
-54

•8
•8
9 -- 9
3 9 -- 8

12.00
15.00
12.42
15.12

Rate of
wages—

Hours—
191*,
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
2

May 15,1916.

-48
-48
-54
-53

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

24.0

12.96

1-9-54

22.2
27.8
21.7
26.5

12.00
15.00
11.70
14.31

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
3 9 - 8 -53

W ESTERN.

B utte, Mont.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 59.4
Outside.................................. 62.5
Smelters................................. 59.4
Railroad shops, road A ___ 26.0
D o ....................................... 26.0
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................... 732.5
Railroad shops, road A ___ 8 30.5
Railroad shops, road B ___ 37.0
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................... 37.5
Outside................................... 37.5
.Salt Lake City, Utah: R ail­
road shops............................. 931.5
San Francisco, Cal.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................... 37.5
Outside......................... ........ 37.5
T anks..................................... 43.8
Drillers, reamers, and tap­
pers .....................................
Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................... 37.5
Outside.................................. 50.0
Railroad shops..................... 30.0
Shipyards.............................. 37.5
Spokane, W ash.: Railroad
shops....................................... 26.0

28.50
27.50
33.25
14.04
15.60

U
ii
6 1£
li

- 8 -48
■4 -44
8 - 8 -56
»9 - 8 -53
6 9 - 9 -54

43.8 421.00
12
43.'8 424*50

•8 -56

16.58
14.64
17.76

■ 8J-51
• 8 -48
■ 8 -48

28.0
29.0
29.0

15.12
13.92
13.92

9-9-54
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

18.00
18.00.

■ 8 -48
■ 8 -48

27.8

15.00

9-9-54

J -48

30.0

14.40

8-8-48

31.3
43.8

15.00
21.00

8-8-48
8-8-48

15.12
18.00
16.50
21.00

i° li
1 li
0

19.50

1 1J
0

18.00
24.00
16.20
18.00

i° l i

• 8 -48
- 4 -44
■ 8 -48

! -48
I -48
I -54
i -48

14.04

1 Under agreement of Aug. 23 scale became 28.5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective Sept. 1,
1917.
2 Scale became 32 cents and 48 hours on July 1,1917.
3 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
4 2P cents per day additional when electrolytic copper sells at or above 15 cents per pound.
>
* Double time after midnight.
>
6 W ork 54 hours, paid for 60.
7 Scale became 37 cents and 48 hours on July 1,1917.
8 Scale became 37 cents on June 1,1917.
9 Scale became 36.5 cents on June 1,1917.
i° Double time after 10 p. m.




218

B U L L E T IN O F T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
COPPERSMITHS.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wagesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
H ours—
1917,
. For Hours—
Per
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Sun­
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
Saturdays;
ov er-; and : F u ll week. half hour. full
Full week.
time. holi­
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour-i fall
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Cents. Dolls.

Boston, Mass___ _____________ 155.0 26.40
N ew Y ork, N Y ..................... ' 62.5 30.00
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Inside, shop A ...................... 55.0 ' 26.40
...................... 50.0 24.00
Inside shop B
Outside................................. 60.0 26.40

j

Regular
rate 7
nulti- '
■
plied
2 6V
32

(2)
56.3

<2)
27.00

( 2)
8 - 8 -48

8 - 8 -48 i
<2
)
45.0
8 - 8 -48
8 - 4 - 4 4 ■ ” 1 2 ' 55.0
’

<2
)
22.50
24.20

8-4-44

8-8-48

2
2
2

4 14
<1!
4 14

I
Cents. Dolls, i

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48 '

32

43.8

21.00

S - 8 -48

42.4

21.00

9 - 44-494

<*)

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, M d......... ...........

50.0

24.00

2

52

8H
14
14
li

10 2

NORTH C EN TR AL.

Chicago, 111.:
Shop A ...................................
Shop B ............................
Cincinnati Ohio.................. .
"St Louis, Mo...................... .....

652.5 725.99
24.20
50.0 24.00
n 45.0 19.80

9 5 5 .0

2
2

7 9 - 4 1- 4 9 4

2

8-4-44
8 f- 4|-48
8-4-44

5
12
12
12

CORE MAKERS.
j
NORTH ATLANTIC.

B oston, Mass............................
Bridgeport, C onn....................
Buffalo, N . Y ...........................
Fall R iver, Mass.....................
Newark, N . J ...........................
N ew York, N . Y .....................
Philadelphia, P a .....................
Pittsburgh, P a ........................
Providence, R . I .....................
Rochester, N . Y ......................
Scranton, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops, m a­
chinery...............................
Manufacturing shops, hot
water and steam heating.
Springfield, Mass.....................
Worcester, Mass......................

50.0
41.7
47.2
1241.7
47.2
1347.2
50.0
50.0
40.0
47.2 .

i

27.00
22.50
25.50
22.50
25-50
25.50
27.00
24.00
22.00
25.50

14
14
14

2
2
2

14

2
2
2
2
2
2

1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
1
4

14

9
9
9
9
9
9
9

-

9 ->54
9-54
9-54
9-54
9-54
- 9 -54
- 9-54

8-8-48
1 0 - 5 -55
9-9-54

1436.1

19.50

14

2

21.00

24.00
24.00

14
14
14

2
2
2

9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
9 - -9 -54

1746.9
41.7

22.50
22.50

1
4

2
2

8-8-48
9-9-54

9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
10
9

-9
-9
-9
-9
-9
-9
-9
-9
-5
-9

-54
-54
-54
-54
-54
-54
-54
-54
—
55
-54

9-9-54

i<38.9
1644.4
1644.4

12

44.4 24.00
33-3 : 18,00
38.9 21.00
36.1 19,50
41.7 22.50
41.7 22.50
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
m o
16.50
41.7 22.50

27.5 16.50 ,
40.0 21.60
38.9 : 21.00

10 -10 -60
9-9-54
9-9-54

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

14

1 Scale becam e 62.5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
2 No scale in effect on May 15, 1916.

a On new work; on repair work, regular rate multiplied
b y 2J.
* Double time after 9 p. m.
* For July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas, triple time.
6 Scale became 55 cents on Aug. 1, 1917.
7 54 hours and $28.35 per week, October to April, inclusive.
8 Double tim e after 8 p. m.




.......... 33.3
1
36.1

18.00
19.50

9 - 9 -54
9-9-54

9 Scale became 57.5 cents on Aug. 1, 1917.
1 A nd on Saturday afternoon.
0
1 Scale became 50 cents on May 22,1917.
1
1 Scale became 44.4 <;ents on July 2,1917.
2
13 Scale became 50 cents on July 1,1917,
M Scale became 44.4 cents on A ug. 1,1917.
1 Scale became 47.2 cents on July 30,1017.
5
i* Scale became 47.2 cents on June 4,1917.
1 Scale became 58.1 cents on July 1,1917.
7

219

V m O N SCALE OF W AGES A X D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR IN EACII

TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M E T A L TRADES — Continued..
CORE MAKERS—Concluded.
*

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
For
week over­ days
fu ll“ time. and
time.
holi­
days.

NORTH CENTRAL.

Cents. Dolls.
Chicago, 111...............................
Cincinnati, O h io......................
Cleveland, O h io .....................
Des Moines, Iow a ...................
Detroit, M ich...........................
Grand Rapids, M ich...............
Indianapolis, In d ................
Kansas City, M o .....................
Minneapolis, Minn..................
Omaha, N ebr...........................
Peoria, 111..................................
St. Louis, M o...........................
St. Paul, M inn.........................

56.3 27.00
44.4 24.00
144.4 2 24.00
4 40.0 21.60
50.0 27.00
44.4 24.00
44.4 24.00
50.0 27.00
36.1 19.50
45.0 524.30
6 44.4 24.00
50.0 27.00
44.4 24.00

Mos. i
May 15, 1910.
dur- |
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day:
Per
Saturdays: urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half
Full week.
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Beguiar
rate 7nultiplied by—
li

n

14
li
li
14
l|
14
14
li
14
li
li

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8 - 8 -48 !
9-9-54
2 9 _ 9 _54
3
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 - 5 4 i............
5 9 - 9 _54 i
9 - 9 - 5 4 i............
9-9-54
9-9-54

Cents. Dolls.
50.0

24.00

8 - 8
^
111
3 9 - 9 -51

38.9 3 21.00
44.4
38.9
36.7
45.0

24.00

9
9
9
9

2 1 .0 0

19.80
24.30

40.0
41. 7
41.7
38.9

21.60
22. .50
22.50

-9
-9
_ 9
-9

-~A
-54
_54
-51

2 1 .0 0

9-9-51
9-9-51
9-9-51
9-9-54

38.9

2 1 .0 0

9 - 9 -51

8-8-48

41.7
41. 7

22.50 1
22-50 i

9-9-51
9 - 9 -51

8-8-48
9 _ 9 _54
8-8-48
8-8-48

44.4
35.0
50.0
44.4

24.00
19.95
24.00
24.00

9-9-54
94 — 9 . -57
4
8 - 8"-48
9-9-54

30.5

16.47

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Little R ock, A r k ..................... 7 35.0
Memphis, T enn ....................... 8 40.0
New Orleans, L a ..................... 50.0

18.90
21.60
24.00

2

li
li

2
2
2

9-9-54
9 - 9 -54
8-8-48

56.3
9 50.0
56.3

27.00
24.00
27.00

U
14
1|

2

8 - 8 -48
8 - 8 -48

56.3
41.0
53.1
56.3

27.00
22.14
25.50
27.00

14
H
io 14
io 1|

;

W E STERN .

Butte, Mont..............................
Denver, C olo.........................
Portland, Oreg.........................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing shops..........
Railroad shops.....................
San Francisco, Cal..................
Seattle, W ash ...........................

2
2
2
14

2

2

!
j
;
j

MACHINISTS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston,
Mass.: Railroad
shops......................................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Manufacturing shops, A . . .
Manufacturing shops, B —
T ool, disk, and gauge
m akers................................

H32.5

17.55

li

li

12 9 - 8 -53

6 40.0
45.0

19.20
21.60

li
1-I

2
2

8|- 5 -48
5 —
48

i3
55.0 26.40
12
2
8§- 5 -48
li
1 Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1917.
2 494 hours and $19.26, June to August, inclusive.
3 50 hours and $22.20, June to August, inclusive.
4 Scale became 45 cents on June 1,1917.
5 49J hours and $22.28 per week, May 15 to Sept. 15, inclusive.
* Scale became 50 cents on July 1, 1917.
* Scale became 41.7 cents on June 8,1917.
8 Scale became 42 cents on June 15, 1917.
9 Scale became 59.4 cents on June 1,1917.
10 Double time after midnight.
1 Scale became 34.5 cents on June 1,1917.
1
12 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
w Scale became 65 ccnts in 1 establishment on July 1,1917.




12 9 _ 8 -53

220

B U L L E T IN

T a b le

OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
MACHINISTS—Continued.
May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

No r t h

a t l a n t ic —

For
Per
For Sun­
week over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

continued.

Cents. Dolls.
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops, A . . . 40.0 21.60
Manufacturing shops, B . . . 40.0 19.20
Tool and die makers, shops
A ......................................... 50.0 27.00
Tool and die makers, shops
B ......................................... 50.0 24.00
Diesinkers (for drop forg70.0 37.80
Milhvrights........................... 55.0 26.40
Specialists.............................. 35.0 16.80
Outside.................................. 56.3 27.00
Railroad shops, road D ___ 34.0 20.40
Railroad shops, road E ___ 34.0 20.40
Railroad shops, road F ___ 37.0 2 2 .2 0
Railroad shops, road G ___ 36.0 21.60
Newark, N. J.:
Specialists, manufacturing
shops................................... 40.0 21.60
Manufacturing shops.......... 45.0 21.60
Tool and die makers, shops
A ......................................... 45.0 24.30
Tool and die makers, shops
B ......................................... 50.0 24.00
Outside.................................. 6 8 . 8 30.25
Breweries.............................. 50.0 24.00
New H aven, Conn.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 50.0 24.00
Tool and die makers........... 55.0 26.40
Specialists............................. 40.0 19.20
O utside.................................. 50.0 24.00
Railroad shops..................... 8 32.0 17.28
N ew Y ork , N . Y . :
Manufacturing shops.......... 56.3 27.00
Marine w ork......................... 56.3 27.00
Tool and die makers........... 65.0 31.20
A utom obile repair sh o p s... 56.3 27.00
Printing-press factories___ 50.0 24.00
O utside.................................. 75.0 33.00
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops, A . . . 48.0 ?5 .92
Manufacturing shops, B . . . 48.0 23.04
Tool and die makers, shops
A ......................................... 60.0 32.40
Tool and die makers, shops
•
B ......................................... 60.0 28.80
Outside.................................. 75.0 36.00
Breweries.............................. 55.0 26.40
Railroad shops..................... 42.0 2 2 .6 8
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops, A . . . 50.0 27.00
Manufacturing shops, B . . . ! 50.0 24.00
Manufacturing shops, C_ 1 40.0 20.80
_ 2
Manufacturing shops, D . . . 1 55.0 26.40

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

’ 14
2

2
2

9-9-54
8-8-48

2

9-9-54

2

2

8-8-48

2
2

2
2
2
2

14
14

9-9-54
8-8-48
8 —8 —
48
8-8-48
1 0 - 1 0 -60
1 0 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60
10 - 1 0 -60

3 34
3U

2
2

6 8 - 8 -48

3 14

2

<9 — 9 —
54

8 14

2
2
2

6 8 — s -48

2
2
2
2

14

7 8 - 8 -48
7 8 - 8 -48
7 8 - 8 -48
8-8-48
9 9 - 8 -53

2
22
2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-4-44

46.9
46.9
55.0
50.0
46.9
68.8

2 14

14
14
14
14

2

6 14

1 ii
1 14
1n

14

10 11
112“

1014
2
14
2

14

1*

31.0

18.60

10 -10 -60

31.0
34.0

18.60
20.40

10 -10 -60
10 -10 -60

62.5

27.50

8-4-44

42.5

20.40

7 8 - 8 -48

35.0

i6.80

7 8 - 8 -48

30.'5’ i6.47

“ 9 9*-*8‘ -53

< 9 - 9 -54

8-4-44
8-8-48

12

22.50
22.50
26.40
24.00
22.50
30.25

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 —8 —
48
8-4-44

1 ii

2
2

4 9 - 9 -54
8-8-48

45.0 ; 24.30
45.0 24.30

* 9 - 9 -54

14

1 14

2

4 9 - 9 -54

58.0

31.32

<9-9-54

14

2
2
2

8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
9-9-54

58.0
55.0

31.32
26.40

9-9-54
8-8-48

37.0

19.98

9-9-54

9-9-54
8-8-48
94- 44-52
8£- 4J-48

35.0
45.0
35.0
(1 3 )

18.90
21.60
18.20
(1 3 )

9-9-54
8-8-48
94- 44-52
(1 3 )

2
10 14

14

14

14
14
14
14

2

1 Double tim e after midnight.
2 Double tim e after 10 p. m .
8 Double tim e after 4 hours.
* Hours vary, but total 54 perweek.
6 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
fl Double tim e after 5 hours.
? Minimum; m axim um 55 hours per week.




Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
R ate of
year
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917.
F ull day;
Full day: Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
F ull week.
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

2
2
2

9-9-54

8 Scale became 35 cents on June 1,1917.
9 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
10 Double tim e after 9 p . m .
1 Triple tim e after 9 p. m .
1
12 Scale became 44 cents on May 16,1917.
13 N o scale in effect on May 15/1916.

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U E S OF LABOE, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b le

221

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES —Continued.
MACHINISTS—Continued.
May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

NORTH ATLANTIC—

For
Sun­
Per
For
week over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

concluded.

Pittsburgh, Pa.—Concld.
Cents.
Toolm akers........................... 1 50.0
Outside.................................. 62.5
Breweries.............................. 50.0
Railroad shops, road A ___ 42.0
Railroad shops, road B ___ 45.0
Providence, R . I.;
Manufacturing shops.......... 30.0
Tool and die makers........... 50.0
Specialists.............................. 25.0
Autom obile repair, shops A . 50.0
Autom obile repair,‘shops B. 54 0 .0
Breweries.............................. 50.0
Railroad shops..................... 73 2 . 0
Rochester, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops, A . . . 45.0
Manufacturing shops, B . . . 45.0
Manufacturing shops, C___ 45.0
Tool and die makers, shops
A ......................................... 55.0
Tool and die makers, shops
B ......................................... 55.0
Worcester, Mass.:
Railroad shops, road A ___ » 36.0
Railroad shops, road B ___ 1034.5
Railroad shops, road C....... 36.0

Dolls.
26.00
27.50
24.00
22.68
24.30

16.50
27.50
13.75
24.00
19.20
24.00
17.28

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
R ate of
year
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Full day; SatPer
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urdav Per
week
Full week.
Full week. half hour.
full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied

Cents. Dolls.
9 i- 4i-52
8 - 4 -44
8-8-48
9-9-54
9-9-54

2 lj

<1!
H
li

10 - •5
10 - •5
10 - ■5
•8
■8
-8
8 9 ■8

n
li
li

2
6H
2

li

-55
-55
-55
-48
-48
-48
-53

40.0
(3)
40.0
37.5
38.0

20.25
20.52

9 i- 41-52
(3)
8-8-48
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54

38.0

20.9

1 0 - 5 -55

46.9
30.5

22.50
16.47

8 - 8 -48
8 9 - 8 -53
9-9-54
9-9-54
8-8-48

20.80

&

24.30
22. .50
21.60

li
li
li

9 • 9 -54
• 5 -50
• 8 -48

40.0
40.0
40.0

21.60
21.60
19.20

27.50

li

■ 5 -50

50.0

27.00

9-9-54

26.40

- 8 -48

50.0

24.00

8-8-48

19.44
18.63
19.44

- 8 -53
- 8 -53
- 8 -53

30.5
30.5
32.0

16.47
16.47
17.28

8 9 - 8 -53
8 9 - 8 -53
8 9 - 8 -53

10 10 -60

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing s h o p s ..
Jobbing shops.......................
Autom obile repair s h o p s...
Railroad shops,.........
Baltimore, Md.:
Manufacturing shops.
O utside.......................
Railroad shops..........
Charleston, S. C.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops........................
Railroad shops..........
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Manufacturing shops.
Railroad shops..........

40.0
40.0
40.0
1142.0

21.60
21.60
20.00
22.68

li
ii
ii
ii

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-5-50
11 9 - 9 -54

35.0

21.00

'4 0 .'o'

22.’ 66’

*5-55

1247.0

22.56
22.56
21.60

13 i i

i<47.0
40.0

8-8-48
8-8-48
9 - 9 -54

37.5
37.5
35.5

18.00
18.00
19.17

8 -48
8 -48
9 -54

42.8
1142.0

23.10
22.68

i« 9 _ 9 _54
11 9 _ 9 - 5 4

38.9

21.00

16 9 - 9 -54

40.0
H42.0

21.60
22.68

9 - 9 -54

38.0

20.52

9-9-54

1 l|
5
li

li

li

2
lj

11 9 - 9 -54

1 Scale became 55 cents on May 16,1917.
♦
2 Double time after m idnight and on Saturday afternoons.
8 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
4 D ouble time after 10 p. m .
6 Scale became 42.5 cents on July 19,1917.
e Double tim e after 5 hours.
7 Scale became 35 cents on June 1,1917.
8 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
9 Scale became 39 cents on June 1,1917.
10 Scale became 39.5 cents on August, 1917.
1 Under agreement of Aug. 23 scale became 50.5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective Sept. 1,
1
1917.
u Scale became 67.5 cents on Sept. 12,1917.
18 Double tim e after midnight.
14 Scale became 55 cents on Sept. 12,1917.
1 Double tim e after midnight and on Saturday after 4 p. m.
6
m Hours vary, b ut total 54 per week.




222

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
M A C H IN IS T S —Continued.

May 15,1917.
R ate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Sun­
Per
week For days
full over­ and
time. time. holi­
days.

south atlantic —concluded.

Richm ond, V a.:
Manufacturing shops, A .
Manufacturing shops, B .
Locom otive shops............
D o ....................................
Specialists..........................
Railroad shops..................
W ashington D. C.:
Manufacturing shops, A .
Manufacturing shops, B .

Cents. Dolls.

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturday?;
Full week. half
Full week.
full
hour.
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.
48
-55
-55
-55
-48
-54

49.0

23.52

! - 8 -48
! - 8 -48

40.6
50.0

19.50
24.00

- 8 -48
• 8 -48

2

8-i- 4i -48

46.9

22.51

8|- 4\ -48

2

8 -8

52.9

25.39

8 -8

51.0
37.5
35.0
40.0
27.5
342.0

24.48
20.63
19.25
22.00
13.20
22.68

4 50.0
55.0

24.00
26.40

55.0

26.40

6r.o

29.28

50.0
41.0
60.0
75.0
* 43.5
®43. 5
52.0
1042.0

27.00
22.14
28.80
33.00
23.49
23.44
24.96
22.68

2
2
2
2

H46.0
1247.5
1 42.0
4
H45.0
1642.5

24.43
25,65
20.16
24.30
20.40

9
U
1* 13 9
8
li
9
8
li

42.0
48.0
42.0
42.5
50.0

20.16
23.04
20.16
20. 40
24.00

8-810-5
10-5
10-5
8-8
39-9

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, A .............................
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, B .............................
T ool and die makers, shops
A ..........................................
T ool and die makers, shops
B . . ........... .
Specialists..............................
Breweries..............................
O utside..................................
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road C.......
Railroad shops, road E . . .
Railroad shops, road F . . .
Railroad shops, roads G
and H ................................
Railroad shops, road I ___
Railroad shops, road J ___
Railroad shops, road K ___
Railroad shops, road L . . .
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops........
T ool and die makers.........
Jobbing shops.....................
Breweries.............................
O utside................................

n
1

2
2
2
1 2
7
2

-48
-54
-54
-48

24.00

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

12

22.09
20.88

8 9 - 8 -53
8-8-48

43.0
44.5
41.5
43.0

- 8 ^ -5 3 ^
- 8 -53
-8-48
- 9 -54
- 8 -48

-48

41.0
43.5

! - 4 -44
) - 9 -54
-53
-48
-54

8J- 5J
8i - 5i
8-8
8-8
8*- 5£

-48

f - 8 ^ -5 3 ^
22.83
24.03 1 9 - 8 —
3
53
19.92
8 - 8 -48
23.22
9-9-54

35.0
42.5
32.5
37.5
45.0

16.80
20.40
15.60
18.00
21.60

S£-48
8 i- 5} -48
8-8-48
8-8-48
8$- 5i -48

i For Sundays; for holidays, tim e and one-half.
* For Sundays: for holidays, regular rate.
3 U nder agreement of A ug. 23 scale became 50.5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective Sept. 1,
4 Scale became 57.5 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
5 Scale became 52 cents on July 5, and 48 hours on Sept. 1, 1917.
6 Scale became 52 cents on Aug. 15,1917.
7 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes. Scale became 48 hours on Sept. 1, 1917.
s W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
9 Double time after midnight.
i° Scale became 49.5 cents on July 15,1917.
n Scale became 52 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
12 Scale became 52 cents on Aug. 10,1917.
13 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
N Scale became 47 cents on July 15,1917.
15 Scale became 50 cents on July 15,1917.
i« Double time after 10 p. m.
17 For July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas; for other holidays, regular rate.




223

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AND H O U E S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
MACHINISTS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end-

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

north central —continued.

Cincinnati, Ohio—Concld.
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road C.......
Railroad shops, road D ___
Railroad shops, road E
Cleveland, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops..........
Tool and die makers...........
Specialists.............................
O utside..................................
Railroad shops.....................
Columbus, Ohio: Manufac­
turing shops..........................
Des Moines, Iowa:
Manufacturing shops........ .
Railroad shops.....................
Detroit, Mich.:
Manufacturing shops, A . . .
Manufacturing shops, B . . .
Tool and die makers, shops
A .........................................
Tool and die makers, shops

Cents. Dolls.

i 42.6
* 40.0
i 42.5
3 42.0
< 38.5

22.98
21.60
22.95
22.68
20.79

45.0
58.3
36.1
65.0
42.0

Regular
rate multi­
plied b y li
lb

19-9
9 -9
19-9
9 -9
9 -9

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Per
week
full
time.

Cents. Dolls.

-54
-54
-54
-.54
-54

37.5

n

ll
li
li
li

22.50
29.17
18.06
28.60
21.00

5 li
*lS
5 ll
5 l.V
ii

2
2
2
2
li

9
9
9
8
9

40.0

19.80

* li

2

9 - 4 $ -491

6 43.5
43.5

23.49
23.49

5H
ll

2
ii

9 -9
9 -9

-54
-54

47.0
42.0

23.50
23.10

n
1i

2
2

9 -5
10-5

-50
-55

52.0

26.00

n

2

48.0
50.0
65.0
45.0
62.5
31.0
35.5

26.40
27.50
35.75
24.30
30.00
18.60
19.17

n
n
n
ib

IV
ii
i|

2
10-5
2
10 - 5
10 - 5
2
2
9 -9
8 -8
2
l.\ 7 10 -10
9 -9
ii

27.5 14.85
27.5 816.23
27.5 13.20

li
li
li

9 - 9 -54
li
l i n o - 9 -59
8 - 8 -48
li

li

li

li

l i n o - 9 -59
li
li
li

8 - S -48
1 0 - 5 -55
10 -10 --60

12

3 li
5li
li
li
li

2
2
li
li
li

-5
-8
-5
-9
-9

-50
-48
-50
-54
-54

5 li
5 li
5 li
5 li

2
8 -8
2 ! 8 -8
2 1 8 -8
2 1 8 -4

-48
-48
-48
-44

9 -9

-54

20. 79
19.44

9 -9
9 -9

-54
-54

3

li
1
li

20.25

3S.5
36.0

li
ii
H

14.85

Tool and die makers, shops
B .................................... .
27.5 816.23
Tool and die makers, shops
C ....................................
27.5 13.20
Railroad shops, road A ___ 38.0 20.90
Railroad shops, road B ___ 39.5 23.70
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Manufacturing shops. . . . . . 47.5 23.75
Breweries............................. 1 45.0 21.60
0
Railroad shops, road A ___ 38.5 19.25
Railroad shops, road B . . .
38.5 20.79
Railroad shops, road C___ ii40.5 21.87
Kansas City, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops........
50.0 24.00
Tool and die makers.......... 52.5 25.20
Breweries.............................
56.0 26.88
Outside................................. 62.5 27.50

1 Scale became 50.5 cents and 48hours on Aug. 1,1917.
2 Scale became 43 cents on June 15,1917.
8 Scale became 43 cents on Aug. 16,1917.
* Scale became 42 cents cn Sept. 10,1917.
5 Double tim e after midnight.
®Scale became 48 cents on June 9,1917.




Rate of
wages—

May
15,
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Saturdays; urday Per
Full week. half hour.
holi­
day
pre­
vailed

27.5

Trimmers and die makers..
Die sinkers............................
Jobbing shops......................
Outside................................ .
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road D ___
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Manufacturing shops, A . . ,
Manufacturing shops, B . . .
Manufacturing shops, C___
Tool and die makers, shops

May 15, 1916.

-5
-5
-5
-4
-5

-50
-50
-50
-44
-50

9 - 5 -- 50

9 -9

9
8
9
9
9

-55
-55
-55
-54
-48
-60
-54

12
12
12
12
12

50.0

25.66

9 -5

-50

40.0

20.00

9 -5

-50

12

36.0

17.82

9 - 4J -49i

37.5
40.0

20.25
21.60

9 -9
9 -9

40.0
40.0

20.00
22.00

12
12

-54
-54

9 - 5 -50
10 - 5 -55

12

45.0

22.50

9 -5

-50

12
12
12

42.5
45.0
60.0
; 40.0
1

23.38
24.75
33.00
21.60

10-5
10-5
10-5
9 - 9

-55
-55
-55
-54

i
1

;

^

3
(9)

(J)

C)

-54

(9) ; (*)
35.0 1 19.25
35.5 21.30

(»)
1 0 - 5 -55
10 -10 -60

12

45.0

22.50

9 -5

12

36.0
36.0
38.0

18.00 !
19.44 j
20.52

9 -5
9 -9
9 -9

-50
_
-50
-54
-54

55.0

1
26.40 j

8-8

-43

12

7 W ork 70 hours every other week.
8 55 hours and $15.13 per week, June to August, inelusive.
9 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
1 Scale became 52.5 cents on Aug. 25, 1917.
0
1 Scale became 17 cents on July 16,1917.
1

224

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
MACHINISTS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
R ate of
wages—
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Sun­
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
F ull week. half hour. full
over­ days
F ull week.
and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour, full
time.

NORTH CENTRAL— c o n t in u e d .

Kansas City, Mo.—Concld.
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, roads C,
D ,a n d J.............................
Railroad shops, road E ___
Railroad shops, road F ___
Railroad shops, road H ___
Railroad shops, road I ........
Railroad shops, road K ___
Milwaukee, W is.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Breweries...............................
Railroad shops
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road C.......
Moline, 111.: Railroad shops..
Omaha, Nebr.:
Manufacturing and job ­
bing shops........................
Met or car shop .....................
Autom obile repair shops...
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Peoria, 111.:
Jobbing s h o p s .....................
Railroad shops, roads A
and B ........................ : ____
Railroad shops, roads C
and D .................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Tool and die makers...........
Specialists..............................
Breweries..............................
• Outside..................................
Printing machinery and
repair shops.......................
Railroad shops, road A . . . .
Railroad shops, road B . . . .

Cents. Dolls.
143.5 23.49
42.5 20.40

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.
9 - 9 -54
8-8-48

40.0

19.20

8-8-48

43.5
44.0
43.5
44.0
42.5
43.5

23.49
23.71
23.44
23.76
22.95
23.49

9-9-54
2 9 - 8 -53
29-8-53
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

41.0
41.5
41.0
41.5
40.0

22.14
22.36
22.09
22.41
21.60

9-9-54
29-8-53
29-8-53
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54

42.0
55.0
443.5

22.05
24.20
22.19

9 § -5 - 5 2 §
8-4-44
<9-5-50

33.0
50.0

18.15
22.00

10-5-55
8-4-44

40.0
53.0
45.5
45.5
443.5

21.60
25.44
23.21
23.21
23.44

9-9-54
6 § - 7 -47
8 9 — 5 -50
9 9 —5 -50
<9-8-53

35.0
44.5

18.90
22.70

9-9-54
7 9 - 5 -50

41.0

22.09

2 9 - 8 -53

50.0
45.0
50.0
45.5
44.0

27.00
24.30
27.00
24.57
23. 71

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
a 9 - 8 -53

40.0
42.0
44.4
43.0
41.5

21.60
22.68
24.00
23.22
22.36

9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
2 9 - 8 -53

1045.0

24.30

9-9-54

40.0

21.60

9-9-54

n43.5

23.49

9-9-54

41.0

22.14

9-9-54

39.0

19.50

9-5-50

37.0
45.0
27.5

19.98
24.30
14.85

• 1 3 9 - 9 -54
13 9 - 9 -54
13 9 - 9 -54

41.5
41.5

22.41
22.36

9 -9 -5 4
2 9 - 8 -53

1242.5

21.25

9-5-50

44.0
55.0
32.0
55.0
1 62.5
4

23.76
29.70
17.28
26.40
27.50

13 9 - 9 -54
13 9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54
8-8-48
8-4-44

1550.0
46.5
1644.0

24.00
25.11
23.71

15 8 - 8 -48

9-9-54
2 9 - 8 -53

12

12

1 Scale became 48 cents on May 16,1917.
2 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
5 Double tim e after 2 hours.
4 Scale became 52 cents and 48 hours on June 1, 1917.
6 Double tim e after m idnight.
« W ork 47 hours, paid for 48.
» W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours paid for 54, October to A pril, inclusive.
* Scale became 53 cents on June 1, and 48 hours on July 28, 1917.
s Scale became 53 cents and 48 hours on May 16,1917.
Scale became 55 cents on July 1, 1917.
» Scale became 52.5 cents on July 1,1917.
12 Scale became 47.5 cents on July 16, 1917. •
13 Hours vary, but total 54 per week.
n Scale became 75 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
1 Scale became 60 cents and 44 hours on Oct. 1, 1917.
5
1 Scale became 50 cents on June 27, 1917.
6




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOB, MAY 15, 1911.

225

T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—
-Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
M A C H IN IS T S —Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­

May 15, 1917.
Kate of wages-

ing

Geographical division and
city.

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

May
15,
1917,
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
P6r
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week For days
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full over­ and
holi­
time. time. holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH CENTRAL— c o n c lu d e d .

St. Louis, Mo.—Concluded.
Railroad shops, road B , Cents.
night w ork .........................144.0
Railroad shops, road C....... 3 45.0
D o ....................................... 345.0
D o ....................................... 345.0
Railroad shops, road C,
night w ork ......................... 3 45.0
D o ....................................... 3 45.0
Railroad shops, road F ___ 6 42.0
Railroad shops, road G ___ !' 43.5
Railroad shops, road H ____9 43.5
St. Paul, Minn.:
I
Manufacturing shops...........I 40.0
Railroad shops, road A . . . . l045.5
Railroad shops, roads B
and C.................................. 53.0
Railroad shops, road E . . . . 45.5
W ichita, Kan?.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 34.0
Railroad shops, road A ___ ;1444.0
Railroad shops, road B ___ 1 44.0
5
Railroad shops, road C....... 1 44.0
D o ....................................... i 44.0
Railroad shops, road D . . . . l844.0

Dolls.

Regular
rate mul
plied by-

26.39
21.60
21.60
24.30

Cents. Dolls.
-59
-48
-48
-54

41.5
42.0
42.5
42.0

24.89
20.16
20.40
22.68

210-9-59
8-8-48
8-8-48
9-9-54

24.30
24.30
22.68
23.44
23.49

3 9 - 9 -54
3 9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
a 9 - 8 -53
9 9 - 9 -54

42.5
42.0
41.5
41.0
41.5

22.95
22.68
22.41
22.09
22.41

9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
8 9 - 8 -53
9-9-54

21.60
23.21

9-9-54
1 9 - 5 -50
0

27.03
23.21

1 9 - 5 -50
1
1 9 - 5 -50
3

45.5

23.21

12 9 - 5 -50

20.40
23.76
20.68
20.68
23.76
23.76

10
n 9
1 8
6
16 8
1 9
7
is 9

-60
-54
-47
-47
-53
-54

32.0
41.5
41.5
41.5
41.5
41.5

19.20
22.41
19.51
19.51
22.41
22.41

10
9
16 8
16 8
89
9

H

9 -54
9 - 9 -54

45.0
41.0

24.30
22.14

H

20 9 - 9 -54

(21)

(21)

210
38
38
89

_
-

9
8
8
9

-10
- 9
- 7
- 7
- 8
- 9

-10
- 9
- 7
- 7
- 8
- 9

-60
-54
-47
-47
-53
-54

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham , A la.:
Manufacturing and job ­
bing shops..........................
Railroad shops, road B . . . .
Railroad shops, roads D ,
E ,a n d F ............................
Houston, T ex.:
Manufacturing and job ­
bing shops..........................
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road C.......

47.5
43.5

25.65
23.49

2042 .O

22.68

40.0
41.3
40.0

21.60
22.28
21.60

19 2

■ 9 -54
■ 9 -54
■ 9 -54

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54

(21)

1 Scale became 50 cents on June 27,1917.
2 W ork 59 hours, paid for 59 hours and 59 minutes.
8 Scale became 52 cents on July 1, and 48 hours on Sept. 1,1917.
4 Double tim e after m idnight.
6 Double tim e after m idday.
6 Scale became 47 cents on June J, 1917.
7 Scale became 52 cents on July 18,1917.
8 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
• Scale became 48 cents on May 16, and 52 cents and 48 hours on July 1,1917.
io Scale became 53 cents on June 1, and 48 hours on July 1,1917.
n Scale became 47 hours on June 20,1917.
12 W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to A pril, inclusive.
13 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54, October to A pril, inclusive.
u Scale became 51.5 cents and 48 hours on Oct. 1,1917.
is Scale became 50 cents on Sept 1,1917.
io W ork 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 m inutes.
1 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes. Scale became 48 hours on Aug. 1,1917.
7
18 Scale became 52 cents on June 1, and 48 hours on Sept. 1, 1917.
1 For Sundays; holidays, tim e and one-half.
9
2 Under agreement of Aug. 23, scale became 50.5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 48 hours, effective on
0
Sept. 1,1917.
N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.

62373°— 19—Bull. 245— —15




226

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OE LABOE STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
MACHINISTS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
Rate of wagesend­
wages—
ing
M ay
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Sun­
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Per week over­ days
Full week. halt hour. full
Full week.
hour. fo il time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

€ity.

south central —concluded.

Little R ock, A rk.:
Manufacturing shop s..........
Railroad shopts, roads A
and B ............. ....................
Railroad shops, road B ,
night w o r k . . . . .................
Louisville, K y .:
Manufacturing shops...........
Breweries...............................
Outside...................................
Railroad shops, road F ___
Railroad shops, road G ___
Memphis, Tenn.:
Manufacturing shops...........
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, roads D
and F ..................................
Nashville, Tenn.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Railroad shops.....................
New Orleans, L a.:
Manufacturing shops. . : __
_
Outside...................................
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road E

B utte, Mont.:
Manufacturing and j obbing
shops........................
Outside........................
Railroad shops..........
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops...........
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B . . . .
Railroad shops, road D ___
Railroad shops, road E ___
Los Angeles. Cal.: Breweries.
Portland, Oreg.: Manufac­
turing and j obbing shops. . .
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing shops..........
Railroad shops.....................

|

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

45.0

24.30

li

2

9-9-54

42.5

22.95

9 - 9 -54

'45.0

24.25

ii

li

2 9 - 8 -53

42.5

22.90

2 9 - 8 -53

145.0

26.98

ii

li

a9|- 8|-57

42.5

25.48

3 91- 8§—
57

433.3
6 41.5
40.0
41.0
741, 0

18.00
19.92
21.60
22.14
22.14

6H
6 l|
5 li
li
li

2
2
2
li
li

9-9-54
8-8-48
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

38.0

20.52

9 - 9 -5 4

50.0
45.0
942.0

24.00
24.30
22.68

8li
li
li

2
li
li

8-8-48
9-9-54
9 9 - 9 -54

42.0
42.5
41.0

22.68
22.95
22.14

9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54
9 - 9 -54

45.0

24.25

li

li

2 9 - 8 -53

42.5

22.90

2 9 - 8 -53

50.0
42.0

24.00
22.68

li
li

2
li

8-8-48
9-9-54

37.5
40.5

18.00
21.87

8 - 8 -48
9 - 9 -54

50.0
56.3
42.0
46.0

24.00
27.00
22.68
24.84

2
2
!i
li

2
2
li
li

8-8-48
8-8-48
9-9-54
9-9-54

43.8
50.0
41.0
41.0

2L00
24.00
22.14
22.14

8
8
9
9

-

8
8
9
9

-48
-48
-54
-54

W56.3
87.5
H47.5

27.00
38.50
25.65

1h

n

i|

2
2
li

8-8-48
8-4-44
9 - 9 -54

1242.5
50.0
50.0
6 43.5
1344.0
62.5

21.68
24.00
24.00
20.88
23.76
30.00

8li
li
li
li
li
H 1£

2
li
l|
if
l|
2

1 8§- 83 —
2
51
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
13 9 - 9 -54
8-8-48

40.0 21.60
42.0 20.16
42.0 22.68
42.0 20.16
43.0 . 23.22
56.3 27.00

9
8
9
8
9
8

-

9
8
9
8
9
8

-51
-48
-54
-48
-54
-48

50.0

24.00

« li

2

8-8-48

45.0

21.60

8 - 8 -48

56.3
52.0

27.00
24.96

li
li

li
li

8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

43.0
44.0

23.22
21.12

9 - 9 -54
8 - 8 -48

12

1 Scale became 50 cents on June 27,1917.
2 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
3 W ork 57 hours, paid for 59 hours and 57 minutes.
4 Scale became 35 cents on June 1,1917,.
6 Double time after 10 p. m .
6 Scale became 50 cents on June 1, 1917.
i Scale became 47 cents on June 1, 1917.
8 Double tim e after m idnight.
s Under agreement of A ug. 23, scale became 50.5 cents, retroactive to Mar. 1, and 49 hours, effective on
Sept. 1, 1917.
io Scale became 75 cents on July 30,1917.
ii Seale became 53 cents on June 20,1917.
i2 Scale became 52 cents and 48 hours on July 1,1917.
•
is Scale became 50 cents and 48 hours on July 1,1917.
K Double tim e alter 3 hours.




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOE, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

227

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
MACHINISTS—Concluded.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Rate of
end­
wages—
ing
Mav
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Per week over­
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

w estern

— c o n c lu d e d .

San Francisco, Cal.:
All-round m en and tool
and die m akers...............
Specialists............................
Automobile repair shops...
Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing shops - . .
Outside.............................
Railroad shops................
Spokane, Wash.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops..............................
Railroad shops................

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multiplied by-

Cents. Dolls.

50.0
37.5
56.3

24.00
18.00
27.00

*11
1 14
Jli

8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 8 -48

50.0
62.5
47.5

24.00
27.50
25.65

2
2
*1J

8-8-48
8-4-44
9-9-54

53.1
53.0

25.50
28.62

3 J!
ll

1-8-48
>- 9 -54

45.0
60.0

21.60
26.40

47.5

12

25.65

8-8-48
8-4-44

MACHINISTS* HELPERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Railroad shops, road A ........
Railroad shops, road B ........
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops, A . . .
Manufacturing shops, B . . .
Outside..................................
N ewark, N . J.: O utside.........
New Haven, Conn.:
Outside..................................
Railroad shops.....................
New Y ork, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops..........
Outside..................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
O utside..................................
Railroad shops, road A ----Railroad shops, road B ___
Providence, R . I.:
Breweries...............................
Railroad shops.....................

424.5
26.0

13.23
14.04

H
1J

30.0
30.0
30.0
43.8

16.20
14.40
14.40
19.25

2
2
2
2

9-9-54
8-8-48
8-8-48
8 - 4 -44

37.5
726.0

18.00
14.04

2
li

8-8-48
*9-8-53

24.5

13.23

5 9 — 8 -53

43.8
43.8

21.00
19.25

2
2

8-8-48
8-4-44

37.5
37.5

18.00
16.50

8-8-48
8-4-44

37.5
23.0
31.5

16.50
12.42
17.01

92
li
li

8-4-44
9-9-54
9-9-54

(10)
22.0
24.5

(!0)
11.88
13.23

(10)
9-9-54
9-9-54

43.8
H25.0

21.00
13.25

2
1|

8-8-48
5 9 - 8 -53

41.3
24.0

19.80
12.72

8-8-48
6 9 - 8 -53

Chicago, 111.:
Outside................................... 50.0
Railroad shops, road B ___ 1223.5
1 26.5
4
Railroad shops, road C ..

22.00
12.69
14.28

(13)
(13)

(13)
(13)

5 9 - 8 -53
s 9 — 8 -53

12

NORTH CENTRAL.

1 Double time after 4 hours.
2 Double time after midnight.
s Double time after midnight, Mondays to Fridays;
after 5 p. m. on Saturdays.
Scale became 27.5 cents on June 1,1917.
W ork 53 hours, paid for 54.
Scale became 27 cents on June 1,1917.
Scale became 29 cents on June 1,1917.
D ouble time after 9 p. m.




8-4-44

12 9 _ 9 -5 4

is 9 - 8 -53

(13)

(13)

9 A nd on Saturday afternoon.
i° N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
1 Scale became 28 cents on June 1,1917.
1
13 Scale became 26 cents on July 5, and 48 hours on
Sept. 1,1917.
m N ot organized on May 15,1916.
Scale became 33 cents on Aug. 15, and 48 hours on
Sept. 1,1917.
is W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.

228

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES —Continued.
MACHINISTS* HELPERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
w agesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
over­ and
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
time.
holi­
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Pcr week
hour. full
time.

north central —continued.

Cincinnati, Ohio:
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road C—
Cleveland, Ohio: O u tsid e...
Indianapolis, Ind .: Railroad
phops.....................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Breweries.............................
Outside...................................
Railroad shops, road A . . .
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, roads D
and I I ................................
Railroad shops, road E ___
D o ......................................
Railroad shops, road F __
Railroad shops, road I ___
Railroad shops, road J ----Railroad shops, road K . . .
Minneapolis, M inn................
Moline, 111.: Railroad sh op s..
Peoria, 111.: Railroad sh op s..
St. Louis, Mo.:
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road B ,
night w ork.......................
Railroad shops, road C —
D o ......................................
D o .....................................
Railroad shops, road F . . .
Railroad shops, road G . . .
St. Paul, Minn.:
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road C___

Cents Dolls.
121.0
221.5
222.0
45.0

11.34
11.61
11.88
19.80

Regular
rate multiplied byH
n
li
< li

21.5

11.61
17.28
19.25
13.50
11.28

4U
«l|

22.5
22.5
26.0
26.5

li
1*

24.0
22.0
26.5
926.5
1223.0

12.15
12.12
14.01
14.28
13. .50
12.96
11.88
12. 72
14.28
12.42

27.0
1322.5

14.58
12.12

1322.5
^24.0
1624.0
1724.0
1825.0
1927.5

13.50
12.96
11.52
12.96
13.50
14.82

2021.5
27.0

11.6114.58

25.0

ll
li
li

4n

i|
ii
ii
ii

n

1 l|
6
4 14
4li
ii
ii
< ii
< ii

Cents. Dolls.
(3)

17.0

9 -54

■8
4
9
•8

-18
-44
-54
-48

21.0

10.08

8-8-48

9- 9
6 9 -- 8
e 9 ■- 8
e9 . 8
9• 9
-9
-9
-7
io 9 . • 8
9 -- 9

-54
-53
-53
-53
-54
-54
-54
-47
-53
-54

20.0
20.0
23.5
19.0
24.0
19.5
21.0
22.5
( ll)

10.80
10.78
12.66
10.24
12.96
10.53
11.34
11.48
(u )

9-9-54
6 9 - 8 -53
* 9 - 8 -53
*9-8-53
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
9 - 9 -54
8 9 - 5 -60
(ii)

9 - - 9 -54

18.5
20.0

9.99
10.78

9 -54
8 -53

20.0
20.0
20.0
22.0
24.0
26.5

12.00
10.80
9.60
11.88
12.96
14.28

21.5

11.61 I

li
li

ii
H

-.54
-54
-54
-41

9 -54

n

36.0
43.8
'25.0
23.5

i9 - 9
9 - 9
9
4

6 9 . 8 -53

1 io
4
1 9
6
1 8
5
1 9
7
9

-.
----

9
9
8
9
9
S

-59
-54
-48
-54
-54
-53

21 9 -- 8 -53

2 9 - - 8 -53
2

1 Scale became 27 cents and 48 hours on Aug. 1,1917.
2 Scale became 25 cents on Aug. 16,1917.
3 N ot organized on May 15, 1916.
4 Double time after midnight.
BScale became 27.5 cents on May 16,1917.
6 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
7 W ork 47 hours, paid for 48.
s W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive.
9 Scale became 33.5 cents on June 1, 1917.
1 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes. Scale became 48 hours on June 1,1917.
0
1 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
1
12 Scale became 28 cents on July 16,1917.
1 Scale became 29.5 cents on June 27,1917.
3
n W ork 59 hours, paid lor 59 hours and 59 minutes.
is Scale became 31 cents on July 1, and 48 hours on Sept. 1,1917.
io Double tim e after m idday.
1 Scale became 32 cents on July 1, and 48 hours on Sept. 1,1917.
7
1 Scale became 30 cents on June 1,1917.
8
is Scale became 34.5 cents on July 18,1917.
2 Scale became 27 cents on June 1,1917.
0
2 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes. Scale became 47 hours oh June 1,1917.
1
22 W ork 53 hours, paid for 54*




9
9
■8
9
9
•8

-59
-54
-4.8
-54
-54
-53

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AND H O U RS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b le

A .—

229

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
M A C H IN ISTS’ H E LPE R S —Concluded.
May 15,1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
Sun­
Per week For days
over­ and
hour. full time.
time.
holi-

NORTH CENTRAL— c o n c lu d e d .

Wichita, Kans.:
Cents. Dolls.
*Railroad shops, road B ___ 22.0 10.51
B o ....................................... 22.0 11.85
Railroad shops, road C....... 23.5 11.23
D o ....................................... 23.5 12.66

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half
Full week.
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.
-47
-53
-47
-53

20.5
20.5
21.0
21.0

9.80
11.05
10.03
11.32

18
29
18
29

12.39
13.79

2 9 - 8 -53

20.0
20.0

10.78
11.99

2 ^ — 8 -53

<98- 83-57

12.39

2 9 - 8 -53

20.0

10.78

-53

18
29
18
29

-

7
8
7
8

- 7
-8
- 7
- 8

-47
-53
-47
-53

SOUTH CENTRYL.

Little R ock, Ark.:
Railroad shops..................... 3 23.0
Railroad shops, night work. 3 23.0
Railroad shops, round
house.................................

4 9|- 8§-57

W ESTERN.

B utte, Mont.: Manufacturing
shops........................ .............
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road D ___
. Railroad shops, road E ___
L os Aneeles, Cal.: Breweries.
Salt Lake City, Utah: Rail■ road shops, drill-press m en.
Seattle, W ash.....................

46.9

22.50

5 26.0 13.26
34.0 16.32
34.0 16.32
7 26.5 12.72
« 25.5 13.50
50.0 24.00
34.0
37.5

8-8-48

n

21.00

8-8-48

24.0
25.0
25.5
25.0
24.0
37.5

12.96
12.00
13.77
12.00
12.96
18.00

9 - 9 -.54
8-8-48
9-9-54
8-8-48
9 - 9 -54
8 - 8 -48

8 -48
8 -i h

‘ if

43.8

5 8|- 8J-51
8-8-48
8-8-48
8-8-48
9-9-54
8-8-48

n

26.0
(i°)

12.48
(10)

8-8-48
(10)

39.0

-19.50

9-5-50

35.0

16.80

ii 8 - 8 -48

35.0 1221.00

1 io -10 -60
2

16.32
18.00

M E TA L POLISH ERS AND BUFFERS.
|

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass............................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
ShopS A .................................
Shops B .................................
Shops C ..................................
Buffalo, N . Y .:
Shops A .................................
Shops B .................................
Newark, N. J.:
Shops A .................................
Shops B .................................
Shops C ..................................
Shops D .................................
New Haven, Conn.:
Shops A .................................
Shops B .................................
New Y ork, N . Y .....................

46.9

22.50

U

2

8-|- 4|-48

12

34.6
40.0
38.0

16.61
19.20
18.24

li
li
1

2
2
li

83- 43-48
n 8 - 8 -48
* - 8 -48

12

35.0
35.0

18.90
19.25

li
li

li
li

9 - 9 -54
10 - 5 -55

45.0
45.0
35.0
35.0

24.75
23-63
18.90
16.80

li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2

10 9 i9 8 -

1
1
2

10 - 5 -55
9 - 9 -54
9 - 5 -50

1
1
li
1 W ork 47 hours, paid for 47 hours and 47 minutes.
2 W ork 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
3 Scale became 29.5 cents on June 27,1917.
4 W ork 57 hours, paid for 59 hours and 57 minutes.
6 Scale became 34 cents and 48 hours on July 1,
1917.
« Double time after midnight.




35.0
33.3
42.0

19.25
18.00
21.00

5
5
9
8

-55
-52i
-54
-48

j

i
4
12
12

35.0
35.0

19.25
18.38

1 0 - 5 -55
9 i- 5 -52i

41.0

18.04

9 - 5 -50

12
12

7 Scale became 34 cents on June 1, 1917.
8 Scale became 32 cents on July 1, 1917.
s Double tim e after 3 hours.
w N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
1 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
1
1 55 hours and $19.25 per week, June to August,
2
inclusive.

230

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
M E TA L P O L IS H E R S AND BUFFERS—Concluded.

May

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

1 5 ,1 9 1 7

Rate of wages—
j
Geographical division and
city.

May

1 5, 1916.

Rate of
wages—

1 5,

For Hours—day; 1 91 7 ,
Full
Sat­
Per
Sun­
Saturdays; urday Per ! week
For days
Full week. half hour.j full
over­ and
time. holiholi­
j time.
day
I days.
pre­
vailed

Per
Per
hour.

w eek

full
time.

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

i
I

NORTH ATLANTIC—

Regular
rate rnultiplied by—

concluded.

Cents. Dolls.
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Shops A ................................. 4 0 .0 20.00
Shops B ................................. 5 0 .0 2 4 .0 0
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Shops A ................................. 4 5 .0 2 4 .3 0
Shops B ................................. 5 0 .0 2 4 .0 0
Shops C .................................. 4 5 .0 2 1 .6 0
Jobbing shops....................... 4 5 .0 2 2 .5 0
Rochester, N. Y .:
Shops A ................................. 4 4 .3 2 1 .9 0
Shops B ................................. 4 5 .0 2 2 .2 8
Springfield, Mass.:
Shops A ................................. 4 8 .0 2 3 .0 4
Shops B ................................. 5 8 .0 2 7 .8 4
Shops C .................................. 6 0 .0 3 0 .0 0

i

j Cents. Dolls.
12

2
2
2 1
2

1 1;
1 i;
1b
1 1:

9 - 5 - 5 0
8 - 8 - 4 8
9 1 - o i-5 4
8 - 8 - 4 8
8 - 8 - 4 8
9 - 5 - 5 0

12

2
2

I! L

l]i
bL
b

1--VSL-

1 :1

2
2 1
2 i

2

1 7 .5 0
17. 50

9 - 5 - 5 0
9 - 5 - 5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 .6 0
1 9 .2 0

9 i - 5 1 -5 4
8 - 8 - 4 8

5

4 0 .0

20. 80

9 - 7

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

19. 25
2 0 .7 9

9 - 5 -5 0
9 - 9 - 5 4

3 3 .8

1 6 .2 0

S

3 6 .0
4 0 .6
4 0 .0

18. 90
19. 50
2 1 .6 0

9 4 - 5 -5 2 J
8 4 - 5*—48
9 - 9 - 5 4

40. 0
4 0 .0

62 1 .6 0

5 0 .0
3 3 .3

27. 00
1 8 .0 0

12

45. 0
3 5 .0

2 1 .6 0
1 9 .2 5

12

4 5 .0

22. 28

9 -

11

50.0

24.0

8 - 8 -48

4

1

9 - 5 - 5 0

n

3 5 .0
3 5 .0

12
•l

8 - 8 - 4 ^

t

-5 2

12
12
12

u

2 3 5 .6

1 7 .1 0

- 8

-4 8

i

N ORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111......................................... 4 6 .0 2 2 .0 8
Cincinnati, O hio...................... 4 0 .0 21.00
Jobbing shops....................... 4 3 .8 21.00
Cleveland, O h io....................... 5 0 .0 2 4 .0 0
Columbus, O h io...................... 3 5 .0 1 9 .2 5
Detroit, Mich.:
Shops A ................................. 4 0 .0 2 4 .0 0
Shops B ................................. 5 5 .0 2 9 .7 0
Shops C .................................. 5 0 .0 5 2 7 .0 0
Shops D ................................. 4 0 .0 20.00
Stove w orks.......................... 5 5 .0 2 8 .8 8
Grand Rapids, Mich............... 4 7 .2 2 5 .5 0
Indianapolis, In d .................... 4 0 .0 20.00
Kansas City, Mo...................... 5 0 .0 2 4 .0 0
Milwaukee, W is....................... 4 0 .0 22.00
St. Louis, Mo............................ 84 0 .0 2 1 .6 0
Stove w orks.......................... 5 0 .0 24. 75

11
11
11 ,
1,
4 1:

2
8] - 4 > -4 8
2 j
9-|- 5 -5 2 |
2 ■ 8i _ 5 4 -4 8
2 ! s s - 8 -4 8
2
1 0 - 5 -55

1
L

1

1

I

V
1
1
1
11
1

h
b

1

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

!
!
;
|

10 -10 - 6 0
9 - 9 - 5 4

12
12
12
12

|

1

5 9 _ 9 _54
- 5 - 5 0
' - 7 1 -5 2 *
- 9 -5 4 “
- 5 - 5 0
8 - 8 -4 8
1 0 - 5 -55
8 9 - 9 -5 4
9 i-

4
12

9
9
9
9

ik-m

2 1 .6 0

12

9 _ 9 _54
6 9 _ 9 -54
9 9 -

7 4 -5 2 4
9 -5 4 "

8 - 8 -4 8
1 0 - 5

-55

1
4 4 -4 9 J

\

W ESTERN.

Los Angeles, Cal...................... 43.8
San Francisco, Cal.................. 938.9
Seattle, W ash........................... 50.0




!

1

2
2

!

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, M d..........................

11
1
1|

21. 00
2 1 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

1*
1*
nn

2
10 2
2

8 - ‘8 -48
9 9 _ 9 _54

|

8-4-44

1 Double tim e after m idnight.
2 Scale became 37.8 cents on Oct. 1, 1917.
8 Hours vary, but total 48 per w eek.
4 A n d on Saturday afternoon.
5 50 hours and $25 per week, N ovem ber to February, inclusive.
6 50 hours and $20 per week, N ovem ber to February, inclusive.
7 W ork 52J hours, paid for 54.
8 Scale became 50 cents and 49| hours on A ug. 1, 1917.

®Scale became 50 cents and 48 hours on June 1,1917.
10 For Sundays; for holidays, tim e and one-half.
11 Double tim e after 10 p. m .

UNION" SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le

A .—

231

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
M O L D E R S : Iron.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Rate of wagesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Per
For Sun­
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week over­ days
Full week. half hour. . full
Full week.
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Cents, Bolls.
B oston, Mass.: Iron and brass 50.0
Bridgeport, Conn.: Iron and
brass....................................... 41. 7
Buffalo, N .Y .: Iron and brass 47. 2
Fall R iver, Mass.: Iron and
brass....................................... 141. 7
Newark, N. J.:
Iron ......................................... ! 47.2
Brass....................................... !242.0
New Y ork, N. Y ..................... js 47. 2
Philadelphia, P a ................: . . 50.0
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Iron and
50.0
Providence, R . I ..................... 40.0
Rochester, N. Y .: Iron and
brass....................................... 47.2
Scranton, Pa.: Iron and
brass:
Machinery............................. ‘ 38.9
H ot water and steam heat­
in g ....................................... 47.2
Springfield, Mass.: Iron and
brass....................................... ■44. 4
Worcester, Mass.: Iron and
brass....................................... 644.4

li

27.00

2

Cents.\ Dolls.
9 -9 -54

44. 4

22.50 i
25. 50 j

9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54

33. 3 I 18. 00 :
41. 7 22. 50 j

9-9-54
9-9-54

22. 50 J

9 -9 -54

36. 1

19. 50 ,

• 9 -54

25. 50
21.00
25.50
27.00

9
9
9
9

-54
-50
-54
-54

41. 7

22.50 1

- 9 -54

41.7
44.4

22.50 I
24.00

9-9-54
9-9-54

24.00
22.00

8 -8 -48
10 -5 -55

44.4
30.0

24.00
16.50 ,

9-9-54
1 0 - 5 -55

25. 50

9 -9 -54

41.7

22.50

1

-9
-5
-9
-9

24. 00

9-9-54

21.00

9 -9 -54

27.5

16.50 !

10 -10 -60

25.50

9 -9 -54

36.1

19.50 !

9-9-54

24.00

9 -9 -54

40.0

21.60

24.00

9 -9 -54

38.9

21.00

22. 50
22.50

7 9 -9 -54
8 -8 -48

35.0
36.1

21.00
19. 50

25.50
25.50
21.00

-9 -54
-9 -54
-8 -48

33.3
44.4
I 34.4

9-9-54
I
I

9 - 9 -54

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

I
Atlanta, G a.............................. i 41. 7
Baltimore, M d..........................J 4t> 9
8 .
R ichm ond, Va.:
Manufacturing and job- I
bing shops..........................I 47.2
Railroad shops..................... | 47.2
Washington, D. C ...................! 43.8

18.00 I
2400 |

16.50 I

10 -10 -60
9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
9-9-o4
8-8-48

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.: Iron and brass.
Cincinnati, Ohio......................
Cleveland, Ohio: Iron and
brass.......................................
Columbus, O h io......................
Des Moines, Iow a....................
Detroit, Mich.: Iron and
brass.......................................
Grand Rapids, Mich...............
Indianapolis, I n d ....................
Machine.................................
Kansas City, Mo......................
Minneapolis, Minn.: Iron and
brass.......................................
Omaha, N ebr.: Iron and
brass.......................................
Peoria, 111.................................

56.3
44.4

27.00
24.00

li
li

8 -8 -48
9 -9 -54

........ 50.0

24.00 :

M4.4
M4. 4
240.0

24.00
24.00
21.60

i° l i
li

9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54

3 38.9
...38.9

21.00 ;
21.00!

9-9-54
9-9-54

50.0
44.4
44.4
41.7
50.0

27.00
24.00
24.00
22.50
27.00

9 - 9 -54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

i£
li

9
9
9
9
9

-9
-9
-9
-9
-9

-54
-54
-54
-54
-54

44.4
38.9
38.9
35.6
45.0

24.00
21.00
21.00
19.20
24.30

44.4

24.00

9 -9 -54

38.9

21.00

9 - 9 -54

45.0
344.4

24. 30
24.00

’ 2 9 - 9 - 54
9 -9 -54

40.0
41.7

21.60
22.50

9 - 9 -54
9-9-54

1 Scale became 44.4 cents on July 2, 1917.
2 Scale became 45 cents on June 1, 1917.
3 Scale became 50 cents on July 1,1917.
4 Scale became 44.4 cents on A ug. 1, 1917.
6 Scale became 47.2 cents on July 31, 1917.
e Scale became 47.2 cents on June 4, 1917.




li
li
li
li

7 Hours vary, but total 54 per week.
8 Scale became 47.2 cents on July 1, 1917.
9 Scale became 50 cents on June 1, 1917.
1 A n d on Saturday afternoon, June to August, inclusive.
0
1 50 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
1
1 49| hours per week, May 19 to Sept. 15, inclusive.
2

232

B U L L E T IN

T a b l e A .— UNION

OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOE STATISTICS.

SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
MOLDERS, Iron—Concluded.
May 15,1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

N ORTH CENTRAL—

For
Sun­
Per
Per week For days
hour. full over­ and
time. time. holi-

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

concluded.

St. Louis, Mo.:
Cents. Dolls.
Iron ......................................... 50.0 27.00
Brass....................................... 50.0 27.00
St. Paul, M inn......................... 47.2 25.50

Cents. Dolls.
9-9-54
9-9-54
9-9-54

41.7
42. £

22.50
21.00
23.10

> - 9 -54
) - 9 -54
) - 9 -54

19.50

1-9-54

38.9
( 2)

21.00
( 2)

> - 9 -54
(2)

28.9

21.00

9-9-54

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A la.................... 44.4
Little R ock, Ark.: Iron and
brass...................................... 141.7
Louisville, K y ........................ . 30.0
Memphis, T enn....................... to.o
New Orleans, L a ................... . 50.0

24.00

9 - 9 -.54

22.50
18.00
21.60
24.00

9
10
9
8

-9
-10
-9
- S

-54
-60
-54
-18

W ESTERN .

B utte, M ont............................. 56. 3
Denver, Colo.: Iron and
. brass....................................... 350.0
Portland, Oreg.: Iron and
56.3
Salt Lake City, Utah: iron
and brass—
Manufacturing and job ­
bing shops......................... 56.3
Railroad shops..................... 41.0
San Francisco, Cal.: Iron
and brass.............................. 53.1
Seattle, W ash.: Iron and
brass....................................... 56.3

27.00

8-8-48

24.00

8-8-48

44.4

24.00

9 - 9 -.54

27.00

8 - 8 -48

41.7

22.50

9 -54

27.00
22.14

8-8-48
9 - 9 -54

9 - 9 -54

25.50

8 - 8 -49

50. 0

24.00

8 -48

27.00

8-8-48

44.4

24.00

9 -54

PATTERN M A KERS.
!
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Manufacturing shops, A __
Manufacturing shops, B . . .
Jobbing shops......................
Artificial stone m old s...
Bridgeport, Conn.:
M anufacturing................
J obbing............................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops, A
Manufacturing shops, B __
Manufacturing shops, C___
Jobbing shops......................
Newark, N. J.:
Manufacturing shops........ .
Jobbing shops.....................
N ew H aven, Conn.:
Manufacturing and job ­
bing shops..........................
Railroad shops.....................

I
60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0

28. SO
28.80
28.80
28.80

li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2

$1- 4-1-48
8b 4^48
85- 4|-48
8 f- 4i-48

12
1
12
12

45.0
47.0
47.0
48.0

22. 50
25.38
23.50
24.00

9 - 5 -50
9-9-54
9 - 5 -50
9 - 5 -50

62.5
65.0

30.00
31.20

li
li

2
2

81- 4J-48
8|- 41-48

12
12

45.0
47.0

22.50
23.50

9 - 5 -50
9-5-50

55.0
60.0
55.0
6 60.0

29. 70
30.00
28.05
26.40

li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2

9-9-54
9 - 5 -50
8£- 8i-51
8-4-44

" 'l2
12

45.0
45.0
45 0
47.5

24.30
22.50
22.95
23.51

9-9-54
9-5-50
8 i- 8i-51
9 - 4i-49£

57.0
62.5

28.22
27.50

2
2

2
2

9 - 4}-49^
8-4-44

12
12

44.4
53.1

22.00
23.38

9 - 4i-49i
8 _ 4'-44~

50.0
6 32.0

25.00
17.28

2
1J

9 - 5 -50
9 - 8 -63

12
.........

40.0
30.5

20.00
16.47

9-5-50
9-8-53

li
li
* Scale became 44.4 cents on June 8,1917.
2 N o scale m effect on May 15, J.916.
3 Scale became 52.S cents bn June 1,1917.




* Double time after midnight.
6 Scale became 65 cents on June 11,1917.
6 Scale became 35 cents on June 1,1917.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OP LABOE, MAY 15, 1911.
T a b le

233

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES— Continued.
PATTERN MAKERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Rate of wagesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Per week over­
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH ATLANTIC— concluded.

New York, N . Y .:
Cents Dolls.
Manufacturing shops, A
53.0 26.50
51.0 24.48
Manufacturing shops, B
Manufacturing shops, C.
51.0 24.48
Manufacturing shops, D
56.3 27.00
Manufacturing shops, E
53.1 25.50
Marine w ork....................
57.0 27.36
75.0 33.00
Jobbing shops.................
57.0 26.79
Architectural w ork ........
Architectural work, plaster 54.5 25.62
Manufacturing shops, metal 50.3 24.75
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops, A . . . 55.0 27.50
Manufacturing shops, B . . . 55.0 30.25
Manufacturing shops, C___ 55.0 24.20
62.5 27.50
Jobbing shops, A ___
62.5 27.50
Jobbing shops, B ___
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
55.0 28.60
Manufacturing shops
Jobbing shops, A ................. 355.0 27.50
Jobbing shops, B
355.0 24.20
Jobbing shops, C ................. 360.0 28.80
Providence, R . I ..................... <45.0 24.75
Rochester, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops.......... 52.0 26.00
Manufacturing and job ­
26.00
bing shops........................
Springfield, Mass.:
Manufacturing shops, A . . , 55.0 26.40
Manufacturing shops, B . . . 555.0 26.40
Worcester, Mass....................
45.0 24.75

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

2
2
2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
*11
li
H
ii
2
li
li

H
1\

9 -5 -50
8 M i-4S
8i-5i-48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -7 -47
8 -7 -47
8 -4 -44

12
12
12

12

Cents. Dolls.

56.3
60.0
53.1
51.0

27.00
26.40
24.97
23.97

8
8
8
8

-8
-4
-7
-7

-48
-44
-47
-17

i2

-50
-55
-44
-44
-44

12
12
2
12
2

45.0
45.0
45.0
50.0
50.0

22.50
24.75
21.60
25.00
24.00

2 S -8 -48

9t-4i--52
9-5-50
8 -4 -44
Sa-4 1- 4 8
10 -5 -55

12
7
12
12
12

50.0
55.0

26.00
29.70

9i-4i-52
9 -9 -54

55.0

26.40

8f-4*-48

9 -5 -50

12

9 -5 -50

9
10
8
8
8

-5
-5
-4
-4
-4

9 -5 -50

9 -5 -50
10 -5 -55
9 -5 -50
*8 -8 -48

48.0

24.00

5* 48.0

25.92

9 -9 -54

45.0
50.0
8* 40.0

21.60
24.00
21.60

8§-4§-48
8 -8 -48
9 -9 -.54

8§-4§-48
S -8 -48
10 -5 -55

12

40.0

21.60

6 9 -9 -54

9 -5 -50
8 -8 -48

12

45.0
45.0

22.50
21.60

9 -5 -50
8 -8 -48

12

37.5

20.63

10 -5 -55

50.0

24.00

8 -8 -48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, G a............................
Baltimore, Md.:
Manufacturing shops, A . . .
Manufacturing shops, B . . .
R ichm ond, Va.:
Manufacturing shops and
locom otive works...........
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
W ashington, D. C ...................

24.30
60.0
56.3

30.00
27.00

45.0
41.7
41.5
60.0

24.75
22.50
22.41
28.80

10
9
9
8

-5
-9
-9
-8

-55
-54
-54
-48

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing s h o p s ,
wood and m etal..............
i.O
Jobbing shops..................... 8 75.0
Cincinnati. Ohio:
Manufacturing shops........ . 48.0
Jobbing shops..................... 60.0
Cleveland, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops........ 957.5
Jobbing shops
W62.5
Columbus, O h io......................1 52. £

29.70
33.00

9 -9 -54
8 -4 -44

12

70.0

30.80

8 -4 -44

25.20
30.00

9i-5 ■
9 -5 •

12
12

44.0
50.0

23.10
25.00

9i-5 -52J
9 -5 -50

12
12

48.0
55.0
42.5

25.92
24.48
23.38

9 -9 -54
8 -4i-44i
10 -5 -55

31.05
27.80
28.88

1 D ouble time after 10 p. m.
2 Hours vary but total 48 per week.
8 Scale became 65 cents on June 1,1917.
•Scale became 50 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
5 Scale became 60 cents on Sept. 1,1917.




9 -9 -54
8 -4A-44J
10 -5 -55

6 Hours vary but total 54 per week.
7 Scale became 60 cents on July 1, 1917.
8 Scale became 80 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
8 Scale became 60 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
10 Scale became 70 eents on July 1,1917.

284

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
MEJTAL TRAD ES— Concluded.
PA TTE R N M A K E R S —Concluded.
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
For Hours—d ay; 1917,
Full
Full day;
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
Saturdays;
over­ and
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of
Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

c e n t r a l — concluded.
Davenport, Iowa, and Moline
and R ock Island, 111.:
Cents.
Manufacturing shops.......... 40.0
Jnhbin ? shops . - - - ............. 155.0
D etroit, Mich.:
Manufacturing shops, A ,
wood and m etal............... 55.0
Manufacturing shops, B,
w ood and m etal................ 55.0
Jobbing shops....................... 65.0
Grand Rapids, M ich.:
Manufacturing shops, A . . . 50.0
Manufacturing shops, B . . . .50.0
Jobbing shops, A ................. 55.0
Jobbing shops, B ................. 55.0
Indianapolis, In d .:
*
Manufacturing shops______ ' 45.0
Jobbing shops....................... 5 55.0
Milwaukee, W is ....................... 6 55.0
Minneapolis, M inn,:
Manufacturing shops.......... 48.0
Railroad shops................... 49.0
St. Louis, M o.:
Manufacturing- shops.......... 53.0
60.0
Jobbing shops............
St. Paul, Minn.:
Manufacturing shops........ . 46.0
Railroad shops..................... 49.0

north

Dolls.
23.60
32.45

Regular
rate multiplied by—
li
ii

li

2

10 -9 -59
i io -9 - 59

.........

27.50

H

2

9 -5 -50

12

229.70
28.60

li
li

2
2

2 9 -9 -54
8-4-44

7
8

27.00
24.75
27.23
27.50

1*

2
2

9 -9 -54

H
li

9 -4 i~ m

2

9 -4.1-49!
9 -5 -50

11

2

Cents. Balls.
37.5 22.13
50.0 29.50
45.0

10 -9 -59
10 -9 -59

24.75

10 -5 -55

45.0 3 24.30
45.0 22.50

3 9 - 9 -54
9 -5 -50

.........
i2
12
9

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

21.60
22.00
19.80
23.60

9
10
9
10

9 — -50
5
8-4-14
6 8|-4£-46$

12
12
12

52.0

24.96

8f-4i-48

10 -5 -55
7 9 -5 -50

12
5

42.5
42.5

23.38
21.68

10 -5 -55
9 -5 -50

-9 -54
-5 -55
-44-49*
-9 -59

22.50
24.20
25. 71

n

ii

2
2
2

26.40
24.99

u

2

i*

li

26.50
26.40

ii
ii

2

9 -5 -50
8-4-44

12
12

48.0

24.00

9 -5 -50

25.30
24.99

H
1J

2
li

10 -5 -55
7 9 -5 -50

12
5

42.5
42.5

23.38
21.68

10 -5 -55
9 -5 -50

60.0
60.0
61.0
47.5

32.40
26.40
32.94
25.65

8 1J
8 ii

2
2
2
2

9 -9 - t 4
K
8-4-44
9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54

50.0
12 50.0
.......... 56.0
45.0

27.00
22.00
30.24
24.30

9 -9 -54
8-4-44
9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54

Denver, C olo............................ 9 60.0
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 50.0
Jobbing shops....................... 53.0
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing shops........... 56.3
Jobbing shops....................... 68.8
Salt Lake C ity, U tah......... , 56.3
San Francisco, Cal.................. , 62.5
Seattle. W ash.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................... 56. 3

32.40

ii

2

9 -9 -54

50.0

27.00

9 -9 -54

24.00
25.44

io n
io i i

2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

27.00
33.00
27.00
30.00

8 1^
b ii

8
8
8
8

44.4 24.00
50.0 ■27.00
44.4 u 24.00

9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54
n $ _9 _54

su

2
2
2
2

27.00
27.00

2
2

2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

li

2

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, A.la.:
Manufacturing shops_____
Jobbing shops.......................
H ouston, T e x ..........................
Memphis, Tenn........................

li

u

•

WESTERN.

ii

-8
-8
-8
-8

-48
-48
-48
-48

( 12)
C
12)

( 12)
(13)

(i*)
(12)

1 Scale became 60 cents and 55 hours on June 1,
7 W ork 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54,
1517.
October to A pril, inclusive. Scale became 8 hours
2 50 hours and $27.50 per week, September to per day, 48 per week, on June 1,1917.
March, inclusive.
s Double time after midnight.
a 50 hours and $22.50 per week, September to
9 Scale became 65 cents on July 1,1917.
March, inclusive.
** Double time after 10 p. m.
4 Scale became 60 cents on July 1,1917.
n 49£ hours and $22 per week, June to August,
5 Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1917.
inclusive.
6 Scale became 60 cents and 44 hours on July 1,
12 No scale in effect May IS, 1916.
and 62J cents on Sept. 1,1917.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le

235

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
MILL WORK.
CARPENTERS.
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
For Hours—day; 1917,
Full
Full day;
Sat­
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
over­ and
Full week. half
Full week.
hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.:
Cabinetmakers, molders,
stock sawyets, stock fit­
ters, turners, and blank
resawyers...........................
Planermen, m a t c h e r men, sandpaper-machine
men, mortisers, tenoners,
and sawyers for straight
molders...............................
Stock cutters........................
Bridgeport, Conn....................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Shops A .................................
Shops B .................................
Newark, N. J.:
Molding-machine m en ........
B ench hands, m illm en___
New Haven, Conn..................
N ew York, N. Y .:
Cabinet workers..................
B enchm en.............................
Philadelphia, P a .................
Pittsburgh, P a ........................
Rochester, N. Y ......................
Springfield, Mass.:
Molding-machine m en ........
Turners..................................
Bench hands, stock cutters,
cabinetmakers..................
Planer hands, sanders and
sawyers..............................
Worcester Mass.:
Cabinetmakers, first class,
and upright molders........
Cabinetmakers, s e c o n d
class, and m illm en...........

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

50.0

22.00

45.0
50.0
38.9

19.80
22.00
19.45

2
2
2

8 -4 ^ 4
8 -4 -44
9 -5 -50

35.0 U 6.80
35.0 18.90

2
2

i 8 -8 -48
3 9 -9 -54

40.9
35.2
40.0

18.00
15.50
17.60

2
2
2

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

56.3
40.9
MOO
50.0
40.6

24.75
18.00
20.00
24.75
19.50

62
2
2

45.5
41 7

22.00
20.00

37.5

18.00

2

2

io 2

2
2
2

8-4-44

8
8
9
9
n 8

-4 -44
-4 -44
-5 -50
-4i-4^ i
-8 -48

Cents. Dolls.
12

45.0

21.60

40.0
43.0
36.1

19.20
20.64
18.06

30.0 2 14.40
32.5 4 17.55
37.5
32.3
(5)

18.00
15. 50
(*)

50.0

22.00

S§-4§~48
*§-4§-48
S§-4§-48

31.3
1235.0

16.80

1 11
3

8|-4§-48

35.7

17.83

1235.0

16.80

1 11
3

5*9-43-48

33.7

16. S3

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

40.6
39.4

19.50
18.90

37.5

18.00

38.1

18.30

SOUTII ATLANTIC.

Jacksonville, F la .......... .
1*33.3 18.00 151J
W ashington, I). C.:
Layers o ff.............................. 1643.8 21.00
H
Variety m olders................... 1742.5 20.40
1h
Cabinctma Irers and bench
hands............................. 1840.6 19.50
1J
Turners and band and
scroll sawyers.................... 1 41.3 19.80
9
li
Molders, crosscut millwork
and frame m akers............ 2037.5 18.00
H
Berlin sanders...................... ?131.9 15.30
li
Planing-machine m e n ........ 2231.3 15.00
1}
1 44 hours and $15.40 per week, June to August,
inclusive.
2 44 hours and $13.20 per week, June to August,
inclusive.
3 50 hours and $17.50 per week, June to August,
inclusive.
4 50 hours and $16.25 per week, June to August,
inclusive.
5 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
6 W ork on Saturday afternoons prohibited;
7 Scale became 45 cents on June 1,1917.
8 Double time after 10 p. m.
9 Seale became 52.8 cents on July 1,1917.




8 -8 -48

34.4 16.50
8 -8 -48
28.8 13.80
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
28.1 13.50
i° A nd on Saturday afternoons,
n Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
1 Rate reduced, but all received more than scale.
2
18 Double time after 9 p . m .
1 Scale became 40 cents on June 1,1917.
4
1 Double time after midnight.
5
1 Scale became 48.8 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
6
1 Scale became 47.5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
7
1 Scale became 45.6 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
8
1 Scale became 46.3 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
9
Scale became 42.5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
2 Scale became 36.9 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
1
2 Scale became 36.3 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
2

236

B U L L E T IN .OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
MILLWORK—Continued.
C A R PE N T E R S—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

For Hours—day; A
Full
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday
For
Per week over­ days'
Full week. half Per week
hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, III.:
Cents. Dolls.
Millm en............................
45.0 21.15
Planing-mill hands........
33.8 17.82
50.0 22.00
Cleveland, O h io.................
Grand Rapids, M ich.........
36.0 19.44
Kansas City, M o ...............
40.0 21.60
Milwaukee, W is .................
40.0 20.00
Minneapolis, M inn.............
3.5.0 18.90
Omaha, N ebr......................
30.0 16.20
35.0 18.90
Peoria, 111............................
37.5 19.88
R ock Island, 111..................
St. Louis, M o............................ 2 38.0 18.24
St. Paul, M inn...................
35.0 18.90
SOUTH CENTRAL.
l ittle R ock, Ark.:
40.0
B enchm en...........................
Machine m e n ......................
37.5
Memphis, Tenn.:
Benchmen, bill cutters,
turners, molders, and
shapers..............................
42.5
Joiners, sticker men, and
tenoners.............................. 40.0
Mortisers, band and scroll
sawyers.............................. 30.0
Sanders and second turners 37.0
Second molders.................... 32.5
Nashville, Tenn.:
B enchm en............................. 30.0
Machine m e n ........................ 22.5
New Orleans, L a ..................... 25.0
WESTERN.
Butte, M ont............................. 75.0
Los Angeles, Cal...................... 43.8
Salt Lake City, U ta h ............. 50.0
San Franciseo, Cal.:
Sticker men, shapers and
m atchers............................ 68.8
Layers out, sash and doors. 65.6
Stock cutters, cabinet
workers, band, rip, and
trim sawyers, smoothers
and molders on veneered
doors, sash and trim, and
w ood turners..................... 62.5
Stock cutters, sash stickers,
roller sanders and planer
m en ..................................... 56.3
Smoothers and molders
on stock for sash and
doors, putters up of sash
and doors............................ 50.0
E lbow sanders, mortisers,
and tenoners...................... 46.9
Seattle, W ash .......................... 50.0




May 15, 1916.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

S i^ i-4 7
9 -9 -54
8-4-44
9 -9 -54
9 - 9 -54
9 -5 -50
9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54
9 -8 -53
8§-41-48
9 -9 -54

Cents. Dolls.

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

i 9 . 4J-49J
9 -9 -54
8-4-44
9 -9 -54

12

43.0 121.29
28.0 15.12
42.5 18.70
30.0 16.20

12

37.0

18.50

9 - 5 -50

12

30.0
36.0

15.90
17.28

9 -8 -53
8§-4§-48

9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54

21.60
20.25

) -9 -54
) -9 -54

30.0
25.0

lfi.20
13.50

21.25

9 -5 -50

37.5

18.75

9 -5 -.50

20.00

9 -5 -50

35.0

17.50

9 -5 -50

15.00
18.50
16.25

9 -5 -50
9 -5 -50
9 -5 -50

25.0
32.0
27.5

12.50
16.00
13. 75

9 -5 -50
9 -5 -50
9 -5 -50

15.00
11.25
12.50

9 -5 -50
9 -5 -50
9 -5 -50

36.00
21.00
24.75

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
9 -^|-49h

30. 25
28.88

8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

62.5
59.4

30.00
28.50

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

27.50

J -4 -44

56.3

27.00

8 -8 -48

24.75

5 -4 -44

50.0

24.00

8 -8 -48

43.8

21.00

8 -8 -48

40.6

19.50

8 -8 -48

22.00
20.63
24.00

I -4 -44
! -8 -48

3 9 -4.1-49J

i 54 hours and $23.22 per week, October to March, inclusive.
s Scale became 40 cents on June 13, 1917.
* 54 hours and $22.95 per week, October to April, inclusive.

237

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AND H O U E S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .—

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M IL L W O R K — Continued.
GLAZIERS.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wagcs-

Geographical division and
city.

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

19lV,
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week
over­
Full week. half hour.
hour. full time. and
full
holi­
time.
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Cents. Dolls.
45.5 20.02
40.0 20.00
50.0 2 24.00
50.0 22.00
46.9 20.63
39.5 20. 52
50.0. 22.00
65.0 28.60

Boston, Mass............................
Bridgeport, Conn.....................
Buffalo, N. Y ...........................
Newark, N .J.*.........................
New York, N. Y .....................
Inside.....................................
Philadelphia, P a .....................
Pittsburgh, P a ........................

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

2
2
2
2

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

ii

li
2
2

8 -4 -44
9 -5 -50
2 8 -8 -48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44
94-4i-52
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
12
3
12
12
12
12
12

16. 50

ii

2

8 -4 -44

11

0)

0)

31.90
22.00
28.80
24. 20
25.30

ii
ii
li
li
2

42
42
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8

-44
-44
-48
-44
-44

12
12
12
12

70.0
45.0
50.0
50.0
55.0

30.80
19.80
24.00
22.00
24.20

8 -4 -4 4
8 -4 -44
8 -8 -48
8-4-44
8 -4 -44

26.40
20.25

6n
7li

2
2

8 -4 -44
9 -9 -54

12

50.0

22.00

8-4-44

35. 75
21.60

2
li

2

8 -4 -44
&—
2 5-£-48

12
1

40.0

21.60

9 -9 -54

24.7519.25
24.00
22,00
18.00

li

li

8
8
8
8
8

12
12
3
12
12

43.8
37.5

19.25
16.50

8-4-44
8 -4 -44

46.9 3 22.50

3 8 -8 -48

H

n
n

2

n
n
n

n

(1)
( 1)
(l)
C
1)
46.9 322.50
43.8 19.25
43.8 19.25
36.8 19.16
C
1)
(x)
58.1 25.58

0)
(l )
3 8 -8 -4 8
8 ^4 -44
8-4-44
9J-4i-52
(1)
8-4-44

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Washington, D. C ................... 37. 5

(l)

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.........................
72.5
Cleveland, O h io...................... 50.0
Detroit, M ich........................... 60.0
Indianapolis, In d .................... 55.0
St. Louis, Mo........................... 557.5

-4
-4
-8
-4
-4

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, T ex............................... : 60.0
Memphis, T enn.......................' 37.5
WESTERN.

j
I

|

Butte, M ont............................. : 81.3
Denver, C olo............................; 45.0
Portland, Oreg.:
!
Outside..................................| 56.3
Inside..................................... 43.8
Salt Lake City, U tah............. 50.0
Seattle, W ash........................... 50.0
Metal and lead..................... 40.9

li

li
8 li
8 1£

li
li

2
2
2

-4
-4
-8
-4
-4

-44
-44
-48
-44
-44

PA IN TE R S: Hardware finishers.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass............................
Buffalo, N. Y .........................
New York, N. Y .....................
Philadelphia, Pa......................
Pittsburgh, P a ........................
Rochester, N. Y ......................




40.0 19.20
50.0 2 24.00
62.5 27.50
40.0 19.20
45.0 19.80
40.6 17.88

2

n

2

2
2
9 143c.

42
2

8§-4§-48
2 8 -8 -48

8 -4 -44
83_4-i_48
8 -4 -44
8 -4 -44

12
3
12
12
12
12

39.0
35.0

li
H
2
li
1 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
2 44 hours and $22 per week, June to August, inclusive.
a 44 hours and $20.63 per week, June to August, inclusive.
4 A nd on Saturday afternoons,
c Scale became 60 cents on October 1, 1917.
c Double tim e after m idnight.
7 D ouble tim e after m idnight and on Saturday afternoons.
8 Double tim e after 10 p. m.
9 Rate in cents per hour, limited to 7 hours per day.

18. 72
15.40

83-4-1-488-4-44

238

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
M ILLW O R K — Concluded.
PAINTERS: Hardware finishers—Concluded.
May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.

For
Sun­
Per
Per week For days
hour. full over­ and
time. time. holi-

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Cents. Dolls.
50.0

24.00

Chicago, 111............................... 41.0
32.5
Cincinnati, Ohio...........
45.0
Cleveland, O h io............
30.6
Grand Rapids, M ich ...
40.0
Kansas City, M o ..........
37.5
Milwaukee, W is ...........
37.5
Bar fixtures...............
136.0
St. Louis, M o................

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

20. 30
16. 25
19.80
16.50
21.60
18.56
18.56
17. 28

Washington, D. C ..........

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full d a y; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
Per week
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed
I

Cents. Dolls.
43.8

21.00

8 -8 -48

42.5

18.70

8 -4 -44

NORTH CENTRAL.

9 -44-49^
9 -5 -50
8 -4 -44
9 -9 -54
9 -9 -54
9 -4i-49|
9 -4i-49£
8§-4§-48

12
12
12

12 | 35.0 ) 17. 33
12
12

WESTERN.

Denver, C olo...............
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, W ash..........

9 -4^-49i

i
50.0
62.5
250.0
53.1

24.00
27.50
24.00
25.50

-8
-4
-8
-8

-48
-44
-48
-48

37. 5 I 18.00
12 I......... f............
1_____ t______
j 43. 8 j 21.00

8 -S -48
8 -8 -48

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB.
BINDERY W O M E N .
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
General work........................
Gold-leaf layers (hand or
machine) or folding and
pasting machine opera­
tors......................................
Folding-machine operators.
Gathering-machine opera­
tors......................................
Gold-leaf layers....................
Gold-leaf layers, book ex ­
aminers, and sheet ex­
aminers ..............................
Back workers and book re­
pairers.................................
Pasting-machine operators.
Gathers, handw ork.............
Buffalo, N. Y ...........................
Newark, N. J.:
2 years ’ experience..............
Folding-machine feeders...
New York, N. Y .:
Ruling-machine feeders___
Folders, handw ork.............
Em ptying boxes, 3-point
m achine..............................

19.0

9.12

H

2

8a_4-t_48

12

21.0
22.9

10.08
11.00

1*
H

2
2

83_4i_48
8§-4§-48

12
12

0;

(4)

22.9
22.9

11.00
11.00

14
1|

2
2

8§-4|-48
8§-4|-4S

12
12

20.8
21.0

10.00
10.08

22.9

11.00

li

2

8§-4|-48

12

22.9

11.00

8!-4-i-48

25.0
29.2
29.2
18.8

12.00
14.00
14.00
9.00

H

2

il

2
2
2

8§-41-48
8§-4§-48
8§-4§-48
s 8 -8 -48

12
12
12
3

25.0
22.9
25.0
16.7

12.00
11.00
12.00
6 8.00

81-44-48
81-4»-48
81-41-48
8 8 -8 -48

20.0
25.0

9.60
12.00

7H
7li

2
2

81-41-48
&*_4i_48

12
12

18.0
20.8

9.00
10.00

H

2
2

5 8 -8 -48
5 8 -8 -48

(4)
(4)

( 4)
0)

20.8

10.00

n

2

5 8 -8 -48

16.7

8.00

1 Seale became 40 cents on June 1,1917.
2 Scale became 56.3 cents on July 2, 1917.
3 Double time after midnight.
4 No scale in effect on May 15,1916.




(*)
8|-4.i-48
81-41-48

n
n

( 4)
( 4)
48 -8 -48

5 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
« 44 hours and $6.67 per week, June to August, in­
clusive.
i Double tim e after 4 hours.

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES AND H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

239

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BO O K AND JOB— Continued.
BINDERY WOMEN—Continued.
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Rate of wageswages—
end­
ing
•
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For i
Full day;
S u n -; Full day; Sat­
Per
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday
Saturdays;
Per week
Per week
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
hour. full over­ and
time. holi­
holi­
time.
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH ATLANTIC—concluded.
New Y ork—Concluded.
Gatherers (hand or mar
chine), hand stitchers, or
sewers, table markers,
pasters, book examiners,
collators; operators on
pasting,
numbering,
paging, indexing, per­
forating, stripping, wirestitching, folding, and
patent-back sewing m a­
chines .................................
Jobbers, machine sewers,
and flat and saddle
stitchers.............................
Gold-leaf la y e r s .................
Insert wire-stitching ma­
chine operators and hand
coverers.............................
Head gold-leaf layers..........
Drop-roll fo ’ding machine,
feeders and ad justers.. .
Flat and ro1! mail wrappers
Gathering-machine opera­
tors. ..."...............................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Hand folders, inserters,
and sheet girls..................
Bunchers, plaiters, perfo­
rators, fly-leaf workers,
board layers, and opera­
tors on Smyth sewing
m achines...........................
Hand sewers, j obbers, goldleaf layers, wire stitchers,
pagers, folding-machine
operators, and Singer
sewing-machine opera­
tors......................................
Head gold-leaf layers, gath­
erers
and
collators,
double-point folding-ma­
chine operators ana gen­
eral w ork ers.....................
Drop-roller hand feeders
with helpers......................
Drop roller, automatic
feeders, and quad-ma­
chine operators.................
SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Baltimore, Md.:
Table workers....................
Hand sewers and foldingmachine operators.........
Paging-machine operators.
Numberers, handwork___
Washington. D. C . A.............

Cents, Dolte.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

25.0

12.00

*2

2

-48

25.0
25.0

12.00
12.00

li
3 li

2
2

29.2
29.2

14.00
14.00

n
ii

33.3
39.6

16.00
19.00

n

47.9

(a)

(2)

(*>

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

20.8
22.9

10.00
11.00

18 A
1 8 -*

2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

(2)
25.0

(2)
12.00

1 8 -?

ii

2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

C
2)
0)

(2)
<2)

<2)
(2)

23.00

ii

2

l 8 -8 -48

(2)

(2)

(2)

16.7

8.00

li

*2

81-41-48

17.0

8.16

li

<2

8|-4i-48

18.8

9.00

li

*2

82-4J-48

20.8

10. 00

li

*2

82-4i~48

22.9

11.00

li

*2

82-41-48

25.0

12. 00

li

*2

8-2-41-48

18.8

9.00

li

2

i 8 -8 -48

14.6 j 7.00

i 8 -8 -48

20.8
20.8
15.0
18.8

10.00
10.00
7.20
9.00

li
li
li
1*

2
2
2
2

i 8 -8 '-48
i8— —
8 48
i 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

15.6
16.7
12.5
16.9

7.50
8.00
6.00
8.10

i 8 -8 -48
i 8 -8 -48
i 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

1 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
2 N o scale in effect on M ay 15, 1916.
3 Double tim e after 5 hours.
4 For New Y ear’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.




( 2)

240

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUREAU OF LABOR. STATISTICS.

T a b le

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRIN TING AND PUBLISHING: BO O K AND JOB— Continued.
BINDERY WOMEN—Concluded.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
Sun­
For days
week
full over­ and
time. time. holi­
days.

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
Book wrappers...... .............
Counters.................................
Folders, inserters, tippers,
tissuers, strippers, gath­
erers, and collators...........
Punching and perforating
machine operators and
ruling-machine feeders...
Gold-leaf layers.....................
Hand and machine sewers
and stitchers; operators
on gauging, paging, num­
bering and 2-point fold­
ing machines.....................
Machine sewers.....................
Des koines, Iow a....................
Indianapolis, Ind.....................
Kansas City, Mo......................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Second class..........................
First class..............................

Cents. Dolls.

18.8

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

Hours—
A
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Hours—
F ull dav;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.
2 8 -8 -48

20.8

11.00
12.00

25.0
27.1
20.8
21.0
1 16. 7

12.00
13.00
10.00
10. 08
8.00

i n
11.\
u
H
il

19.8
21.9

9.50
10. 50

20.8

10.00

u

19.8
22.9
18. 8
18.7

9. 50
11.00
9.00
8.00

7u

Denver, C olo............................ i 25.0
Los Angeles, Cal...................... 818. 8
Portland, Oreg.........................I 20. 8
9
First class..............................jl022.9
San Francisco, Cal................... 20. 8
Seattle, W ash........................... 25.0

12.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
10.00
12.00

16.7
16. 7

8.00
8.00

2 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48

28
28
8
8
8

-8 -48
-8 -48
-8 -48
-8 -48
^ -4 8

20.8
25.0
18.8

10.00
12.00
9.00

2 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

17.7
19.8

8. 50
9. 50

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

8 -S -48

in
in

2 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

(6)

(6)

(G
)

21.9
16.7
14.6

10. 50
8.00
7.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8— —
8 48

10.00

8 -8 -48

18.00

8-1-41-48;

8 -8 -48

10.00

22.9
25.0

7.00
8.00

2 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48

9.00
10.00

14.6
16.7

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -4*

20.8

2

2
2
3li
2

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, T ex...........
Houston, Tex.:
Second cl&ss. . •.
First class..........
Little R ock, A rk.
Nashville, T en n . .

8
8
8
8

H
ii

7n
li
li
ll
li

—
48
-48
-48
-48

8
8
8
8
8
8

7 li

—
8
-8
-8
-8

-8
-8
-8
-8
-8
-8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-18

BOOKBINDERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.:
Cutters, board, union A . . . 37.5
Cutters, board, union B . . . 41.7
Cutters, sheet and stock,
union A .............................. 45.8
Cutters, sheet and stock,
union B ..............................

li
H

2
2

82-41-48
8s-4§-48

i
12 !.........
12 |37. 5

22.00

li

2

82-41-48

12 ..........

22.00

li

2

8§-45-48

12 I 45.8 I 22.00 1

18.00
20.00

1 Double tim e after 9 p. m.
2 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
3 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
4 Scale became 18.8.cents on Oct. 15,1917.
&Double time after midnight.




82~4!-48

6 No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
7 Double time after 10 p. m.
* Scale became 20.8 cents on .Tune 15,1917.
9 Scale became 25 cents on June 20, 1017.
1 Scale became 27.1 cents on June 20, 1917.
0

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b l e A .— UNION

241

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TING AND PUBLISHIN G: BO O K AND JOB— Continued.
BOOKBINDERS—Continued.
May 15, 1917.
Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
hour.

For
Per
For Sun­
week over­ days
full
and
time. time. holi­
days.

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Saturdays;
week
Full week. half
Full week.
hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

north atlantic —continued.

Boston, Mass.—Concluded.
Cutters and trimmers and
operators on 3-folding
machines...........................
Finishers, stampers, and
inkers, union A .................
Finishers, stampers, and
inkers, union B .................
Finishers, extra printed
w ork ....................................
Forwarders, case makers,
and operators on head­
banding and lining ma­
chines, union A .................
Forwarders, case makers,
and operators on head­
banding and lining ma­
chines, union B .................
Forwarders, operators on
casing-in and rounding
and backing machines. . .
Forwarders, stock blank
w ork ...................................
Forwarders, operators on
casing-in machines, 2
men on each machine___
Forwarders, o p e r a t i n g
case-making m achines. . .
Forwarders, o p e r a t i n g
Sheridan
case-making
machines............................
Forwarders, jo b work.........
Forwarders, extra job,
printed w ork .....................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
C u t te r s ................................
Cutters, stock........................
Finishers...............................
Forwarders, grade A ...........
Forwarders, grade B ...........
Rulers.....................................
Newark, N. J.:
Cutters, book and paper,
and operators on rotary
cutting m achines.............
Cutters, operating duplex
or cutting macnines, 48
inches or over....................
Finishers, first class, and
gilders.................................
Finishers, second class, cas­
ing-in, case-making or
folding-machine opera­
tors.......................................

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

47.9

23.00

li

45.8

22.00

li

8| - 4 i -4 8

47.9

23.00

li

8§-4^-48

60.0

24.00

li

82-41-48

2

45.8

21.00

8§-4§-48

45.8

22.00

82-41-4*

37.5

18.00

22.00

S2-4I-48

22.00

22.00

'45.8

8 H I-4 S

82-41-48

21.00

37.5

18.00

8|-4|-48

37.5

18.00

47.9

23.00

81-4S-48

45.8

22.00

52.1
45.8

25.00
22.00

8§-4§-48
8^-4i-48

47.9

23.00

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

35.4
37.5
41.7
39.6
37.5
39.6

217.00
3 18.00
4 20.00
519.00
18.00
519.00

21.00

82-4^-48

41.7

20.00

47.9

23.00

8| - 41-48

45.8

22.00

50.0

24.00

82-41-48

47.9

23.00

21.00

82-41-48

41.7

20.00

50.0

24.00

43.8
43.8
43.8
47.9
43.8
43.8

21.00
21.00
21.00
23.00
21.00
21.00

8f-4i-48
i
i
i
i
i
i

8
8
8
8
8
8

-8
-8
-8
-8
-8
-8

12

1 8f hours, Monday to Friday, inclusive; 41 ho\irs on Saturdays, June to August, inclusive.
* 44 hours and $15.58 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* 44 hours and $16.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
4 44 hours and $18.33 per week, June to August,inclusive.
6 44 hours and $17.42 per week, June to August, inclusive.
« Double time after 4nours.

62373°—19—Bull. 245------16




242

BULLETIN' OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TIN G AND PU BLISHIN G: BO O K AND JOB— Continued.
BOOKBINDERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
R ate of
year
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per
Saturdays;
week
over­
F ull week. half
Full week.
and
hour. full
time. holi­
holi­
tim e.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
M ay 15,1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

north atlantic —continued.
Newark, N . J.—Concluded. Cents,
Stampers................................ 47.9
Forwarders, first class........ 50.0
Forwarders and finishers.. 47.9
Forwarders, second class.. 43.8
Forwarders, sheet straighteners.................................. 29.6
New Y ork, N. Y .:
Cutters, board..................... 41.7
, Cutters, stock, sheet, and
plate; hand block cut­
ters, book trimmers, and
operators on band, die,
flat, and envelope cut­
ting m achines................. . 45.8
Cutters, assistant, sheet
and stock.......................... . 38.5
Cutters, duplex and turn­
table m achines............... . 47.9
Cutters, 3-knife m achines., 47.9
Cutters, continuous trim ­
mers.................................... 52.1
Cutters, continuous and
duplex trimmers.............. 52.1
All-round men.................... . 54.2
Finishers, first class, blank
w o rk ................................. . 50.0
Finishers, second class,
blank w ork...................... . 743. 8
Finishers, extra.................... 58.3
Finishers, assistants........... 45.8
Finishers, stampers............. 50.0
Finishers, head stampers. . 64.6
Finishers, edge gilders___
69.0
D o .................................. 69.0
Forwarders,
first class,
blank work...................... 550.0
Forwarders, second class,
blank w ork...................... 743. 8
Forwarders, extra .............
50.0
Forwarders, gluers, for
rounding and backing
machines, or operators
on
paring,
sawing,
smashing, nipping, and
gluing-off machines.......... 41.7
Forwarders, hand round­
ing and backing............... 45.8
Forwarders,
case
and
stretcher makers, head
banders and liners, casers-in, or operators on
circular or rough-edge
machines; assistants on
covering, casing-in, and
head banding and binding. machines.................... 45.8

Dolls.
23.00
24.00
23.00
21.00

Cents. Dolls.
45.8
47.9
45.8
41.7

22.00
23.00
22.00
20.00

ul

48
8f-4£-48
8|-4i-48

37.5

18.00

8|-4^48

20.00

f lJ

88 — —
8 48

37.5

18.00

8 8 -8 -48

22.00

2 li

*8-8-48

41.7

20.00

8 8 -8 -48

2li

8 8 -8 -48

35.4

17.00

8 8 -8 -48

*1J
2li

8 8 • ! -48
8 8 ■ ! -48

41.7

20.00

8 8 -8 -48

19.00

23.00
23.00
25.00

2ii

25.00
26.00

2H
2li

24.00

! -48

4|-48
8f-4j-48

•li

21.00
28.00
22.00
24.00
31.00
33.12
33.12

6U
2li

•li
8l i
2l i

2 li

24.00

(4)
23.00
24.00

8 8 -8 -48
8 8 -8 -48

25.00
20.00
22.00
28.00
28.80
30.00

38
38
88
38
38
88

22.00

8 8 -8 -48

8 8 -8 -48

-8
-8
-8
-8
-8
-8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

6li
6li
a li

(4)

(4)
47.9
50.0

52.1
41.7
45.8
58.3
60.0
62.5

38
88

2ii

21.00
24.00

8 8 -8

20.00

8 8 - 8 -48

37.5

18.00

22.00

8 8 -8 -48

(4)

( 4)

88 — —
8 48

41.7

20.00

22.00

1 D ouble tim e after 4 hours.
2 Double tim e after 5 hours.
8 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
4 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
6 Scale became 56.3 cents bn N ov. 1,1917.




Regular
rate multiplied by-

al i

(4)

* 8 - 8 -4g

• Double tim e after midnight.
7 Scale became 50 cents on N ov. 1,1917.
8 Some are paid double tim e after 5 hours, others
double tim e after midnight.

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1&17.
T a b l e A .— UNION

243

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TIN G AND PUBLISH IN G: BO O K AND JOB— Continued.
BOOKBINDERS—Continued
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Rate of wagesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day;
Full d ay; Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
For days
Per week over­
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Geographical division and
city.

NORTH ATLANTIC— continued.

New York, N. Y .—Concld.
Forwarders, folding, cov­
ering, and combination
gathering machine oper­
ators............................. .
Forwarders, g a t h e r i n g ,
drop-roll folding, and
combination gathering,
stitching, and covering
machine operators......... .
Forwarders, extra coverers, and circuit workers,
bibles...................................
Forwarders, casing-in, casemaking, head banding
and lining, and rounding
and backing machine
operators............................
Forwarders, book colorers,
and repairers....................
Rulers, first class.
Rulers, second class............
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Cutters, stock......................
Cutters, job and pamphlet
Cutters, stock, leather, sec­
ond class............................
Cutters, book and sheet___
Cutters, stock, leather,
blank work, first class. . .
Cutters, cutting-machine
operator, second class___
Cutters, cutting-machine
operators, first class....... .
Cutters, duplex trimmingmachine operator.............
Finishers, sheep and plain,

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

47.9

23.00

lU

2

2 8 -8 -48

47.9

23.00

in

2

2 8 -8 -48 |

50.0

24.00

1H

2

2 8 -8 -48 |

Dolls.
(3)

(3)

43.8

21.00

a 8 -8 -48

47.9

23.00

a 8 -8 -48

20.00

2 8 -8 -48

16.00

8iM i-48

(3)

25.00

2

2 8 -8 -48

22.00
24.00
21.00

2 2
2

2 8 -8 -48 f
8 -8 -48 !
8 -8 -48

31.3
33.3

15.00
16.00

6 1£

6H

72
72

8|-4J-48
8|^i-48

35.4
35.4

17.00
17.00

6li
°li

2
72

8 M I-4 8
8|-4i-48

33.3

37.5

18.00

6 li

2

8|-4i-48

35.4

17.00

8J-4i-48

37.5

18.00

6 11

2

8f-4j-48

35.4

17.00

8|-4|-48

39.6

19.00

6H

2

81-4i-48

37.5

18.00

8f-4|-48

39.6

19.00

6li

72

8H H 8

39.6
Finishers, job and fullbound, blank w ork .........
Finishers, extra
blank
w ork ...................................
Finishers, extra printed
w ork ...................................
Finishers,
assistants,
printed w ork ................... .
Finishers, stampers........... .
Finishers, head stam pers..
Finishers, gilders.................
Forwarders, half-bound,
and copying-book for­
warders, second class___
Forwarders, cloth, printed
work, and case makers..
Forwarders,
half-bound
job and full-bound plain
stock and jo b ....................

52.1
45.8
450.0
543.8

19.00

o il

72

8|-4i-48

43.8

21.00

6li

2

81-4J-48

39.6

19.00

8=Hi-48

45.8

22.00

6H

2

8jM i-48

43.8

21.00

8-1-4i-48

45.8

22.00

6H

72

8|-4i-48

37.5
41.7
47.9
43.8

18.00
20.00
23.00
21.00

6li
6 li
6 li
6ii

72
72
72
72

8|-4 i-48
8f-4i-48
81-4^-48
8f-4i-48

35.4

17.00

« li

2

8|-4i-48

33.3

16.00

8|-4i-48

37.5

18.00

6H

72

8f-4|-48

37.5

18.00

6 1.1

2

81-41-48

35.4

17.00

;-4H8

li
li

1 Double tim e after 5 hours.
2 Hours vary, but total 48 per week
8 N o scale in effect on May 15, 1916.
4 Scale became 56.3 cents on N ov. 1, 1917.




6 Scale became 50 cents on N ov. 1,1917.
6 D ouble tim e after m idnight.
7 For N ew Year’ s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving
days, tim e and one-naif.

244

B U L L E T IN

T a b l e A .— UNION

OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TIN G AND PU BLISHIN G: BO O K AND JOB— Continued.
BOOKBINDERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
w ageswages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day; Sat­
F ull day;
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays; urday Per
Saturdays;
over­
Full week. half hour. week
Full week.
and
full
time.
holi­
holi­
time.
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

NORTH ATLANTIC—continued
Philadelphia, Pa.—Concld.
Forwarders, first class,
copying b ook s ...................
Forwarders, stripping-maehine operators.................
Forwarders,
gluing-ma­
chine operators.................
Forwarders,
loose-leaf
binders................................
Forwarders, plain job,
sheep and half bound,
roller backers, drop roller
folding and pamphletcovering machines...........
Forwarders, full-bound job
Forwarders, case making,
casing in, head banding
and lining, and Crawley
rounder and backer ma­
chines .................................
Forwarders, extra jobprinted work, circuit
edge bible work, and
case-m aking machine
operators...........................
Forwarders, drop roller
folders’ assistants.............
Forwarders, sawing out
and smashing....................
Head-sheet men, union A . .
Head-sheet men, union B ..
Sheet men, union A ............
Sheet men, union B ............
Rulers, head ruler...............
Rulers, extra j o b .................
Rulers, unit lines.................
Rulers, second class down
lines....................................
Rulers, faint lines................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Cutters...................................
Finishers, shops A ...............
Finishers, shops B ...............
Forwarders, shops A ..........
Forwarders, shops B ...........
Rulers.....................................
Providence, R. I.:
Cutters, forwarders, and
rulers.................................
Finishers..............................
Scranton, Pa.:
Cutters, sheet stock...........
Cutters, paper and stock,
and finishers....................
Cutters, book, stampers,
and forwarders, printed
w o r k ..................................

Cents. Dolls.
37.5

18.00

39.6

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.
35.4

2

8f-4£-48

19.00

2

Sf-42-48

(2)

(2)

39.6

19.00

0

8f-4£-48

33.3

16.00

81-41-48

39.6

19.00

2

81-41-48

37.5

18.00

81-41-48

39.6
41.7

19.00
20.00

32
2

81-41-48
8H H 8

39.6

19.00

81-41-48

41.7

20.00

Hi

32

81-41-4S

43.8

21.00

Hi

82

8|-4i-48

31.3

15.00

1 14

82

8I-4J-48

28.1
43.8
35.4
39.6
28.1
45.8
43.8
41.7

13.50
21.00
17.00
19.00
13.50
22.00
21.00
20.00

j ii
l U
11*

*2
2
32
2
32
2
2
2

81-41-48
81-41-48
81-41-48
8f-4i-48
8|-4i-48
Sf-41-48
81-41-48
8|-4i-48

20.00

8-1-4-1-48

37.5
43.8
41.7
39.6

21.00
20.00
19.00

8-1-4J-48
81-41-48
81-41-48

39.6
37.5

19.00
18.00

1 1*

2
2

8f-4J-48
Sf-4i-48

37.5
35.4

18.00
17.00

81-44-48
8-1-44-48

37.1
43.8
41.0
39.6
37.1
39.6

19.00
21.00
21.00
19.00
19.00
19.00

Hi
Jl i

2
2
2
2
2
2

9-H>
8 -8
9i-5
8 -8
9i-5
8 -8

39.0
41.7
39.0
37.5
35.1
41.7

20.00
20.00
20.00

91-5
8 -8
9i-5
8 -8

20.00

-514
-48
-51J
-48
91-5 - 5 1 j
8 -8 -48

37.5
45.8

18.00
22.00

n

ii

2
2

< 8 -8 -48
* 8 -8 -48

41.7

20.00

li

2

8 -8 -48

37.5

18.00

8 -8 -48

41.7

20.00

ii

2

8 -8 -48

1 1*

1 li

1 14
n i
H i

Hi
Hi

HJ
n*

-o il
-48
-51i
-48
-51 \
-48

17.00

(2)

8 M ^ 48 *

18.00
18.00

2
8 -8 -48
43.8 21.00
ii
1 Double time after midnight.
2 N o scale in effect on May 15,1916.
8 For New Year’ s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.
* Hours vary, b u t total 48 per week.




8 1 - 4 1 -4 8

245

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le

A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TIN G AND PU BLISH IN G : B O O K AN D JOB— Continued.
B O O K B IN D E R S—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and
city.

Rate of
wages—

For Hours—day; m b ,
Full
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
For
Saturdays; urday Per week
Per week
days
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full over­ and
holi­
time.
time. time. holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed

NORTH ATLANTIC—concluded.
Scranton, Pa.— Concluded.
Head stam pers.....................
Forwarders, blank work,
rulers, or folding and
smashing machine oper­
ators....................................
Forwarders, covering-ma­
chine operators.................
Forwarders, case making,
gathering, pamphlet-ma­
chine operators, and
rounding and backing
machine ODerators...........

May 15, 1916.

Cents. Dolls.
56.3

27.00

Reg mar
rate rnultiplied by—

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

1i

2

8 -8 -48

37.5

18.00

li

2

8 -8 -48

41.7

20.00

li

2

8 -8 -48

47.9

23.00

li

2

8 -8 -48

40.6
37.9

19.50
19.50

i 1h
11
-1

2
2

2 8 _8 -48

335.4

17.00

li

2

2 8 -8 -48

31.3

15.00

£ S -8 -48

441.7

20.00

li

2

2 s -8 -48

37.5

18.00

2 8 -8 -48

33.3
39.6
33.3
37.5

16.00
19.00
16.00
18.00

li
li
li
I1
,

li
ii
li
2

-48
-48
-48
-48

31.3
37.5

15.00
18.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

41.7
42.7

20.00
20.50

6H
Mi

2
2

2 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48

39.6
39.6

19.00
19.00

2 s -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48

44.8

21.50

2 8 -S -48

42.7

20.50

2 8 -8 -48

22.00

6H '
1
5H

2

45.8

2

2 8 - 8 -48

43.8

21.00

2 8 -8 -48

49.0

23.50

5 li

2

2 8 -8 -48

46.9

22.50

2 8 -8 -48

45.8

22.00

Mi

2

2 g _s -48

43.8

21.00

2 8 -8 -48

52.1

25.00

Mi

2

2 8 -8 -48

50.0

24.00

2 8 -8 48

41.7

20.00

6 l-i-

2

2 8 -8 -48

39.6

19.00

2 8 -8 -48

42.7

20.50

Mi

2

2 8 -8 -48

40.6

19.50

2 8 -8 -48

43.8

21.00

2

2 S -8 -48

1 41.7

20.00

2 8 -8 -48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Shops A .................................
Shops B .................................
Baltimore, M d.:
Cutters and forwarders,
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers...................................
Richm ond, Va.:
Cutters...................................
Finishers and rulers............
Forwarders............................
Washington, D. C ...................

9 -6 i-5 1 i

8
8
8
8

-8
-8
-8
-8

NORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Cutters, stock, union A ___
Cutters, book trimmers___
Cutters, operating papercutting m achine...............
Head cutters, binders’
ctock ...................................
Cutters in charge of stockcutting m achines.............
Finishers, printed or blank
work, edge gilders, and
stamping-machine oper­
ators ....................................
Stampers in charge of one
or more machines.............
Forwarders, casing in, au­
tom atic folding, gluing
and pasting and covering
machine operators...........
Forwarders, casing in, and
indexing machine opera­
tors......................................
Forwarders, binding-ma­
chine operators.................

i

6 li
1 Double tim e after midnight.
2 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* Scale became 37.5 cents on June 1, 1917.
* Scale became 43.8 cents on June 1,1917.
6 Double tim e after 3 hours and on Saturdays after com pletion o f 48-hour week.




246

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

PRIN TIN G AND PUBLISH IN G: BO O K AND JOB— Continued.
BOOKBINDERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
R ate of
year
wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
For Hours—day; 1917,
Full day;
F ull
Sat­
Sun­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
For days
Saturdays;
over­
F ull week.
Full week. half hour, full
time. and
holi­
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Rate of

Geographical division and
city.
Per
Per week
hour. full
time.

north central —continued.

Chicago, 111.—Concluded.
Forwarders,
blank
or
printed work, case mak­
ers, hand or machine
marblers, and rounding
and backing machine Cents.
operators............................ 45.8
Forwarders, 2 folding ma­
chines ................................. 47.9
Forwarders, 3 folding ma­
chines ................................. 54.2
Forwarders, case makers’
helpers, pasters, pressers,
and book repairers........... 39.6
R ulers..................................... 50.0
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Cutters, paper stock ............ 38.5
Cutters, splitters.................. 42.7
Cutters, head cutters.......... 44.8
Cleveland, O h io....................... 337.5
Columbus, Ohio:
Journeym en.......................... 40.6
Finishers................................ 43.8
Des Moines, Iow a.................... 38.5
D etroit, Mich.:
Cutters, finishers, forward­
ers, rulers........................... 43.8
Forwarders, folding ma­
chine operators, 1 m a­
chine................................... 43.8
Forwarders, folding-ma­
chine operators, 2 ma­
chines................................. 47.9
Forwarders, folding-ma­
chine operators, 4 ma­
chines................................. 50.0
Forwarders, folding-ma­
chine operators, 5 ma­
chines................................. 52.1
Rulers, head rulers, 3 ma­
chines ................................. 50.0
Rulers, head rulers, 4 ma­
chines ................................. 52.1
Rulers, head rulers, 7 or
more m achines................. 62.5
Indianapolis, In d ..................... 45.8
Kansas City, Mo.;
Cutters, paper, finishers,
forwarders, and rulers___ 7 43.8
Forwarders, second class...
;.5
Rulers, faint lines................. 9 39.6

Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

22.00

2

Cents. Dolls.
2 8 -8 -48

43.8

23.00

a 8 -8 -48

45.8

22.00

26.00

2 8 -8 -48

52.1

25.00

19.00
24.00

2 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48

37.5
46.9

18.00
22.50

35.4
39.6
41.7

17.00
19.00
20.00

37. 1

18.00

18.50
20.50
21.50
18.00

8
8
8
8

19.50
21.00
18.50

21.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

-8
-8
-8
-8

-48
-48
-48
-48

6 8f-4f-48
21.00

12

681-4f-48

23.00

• lj

6 8f-4f-48

24.00

‘ 11

6 81-4f-48

25.00

5 11

6 81-41-48

24.00

5 11

6 81-4f-48

25.00

5H

6 8|-4|-48

30.00
22.00

*U

6 81-4f-48
8 -8 -48

li

21.00
18.50
19.00

2 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48
» 8 -8 -48

1 Double tim e alter 3 hours and on Saturdays after com pletion of 48-hour week.
2 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.

8 Scale became 46.9 cents on June 1,1917.
* For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
» Double time after midnight.
« W ork 81 hours on Mondays.
7 Scale became 45.8 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
8 Scale became 40.6 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
9 Scale became 41.7 cents on Oct. 1,1917.




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1917.

247

T a b le A.—U NIO N SCALE OF W A G ES A N D H OU RS OF L A B O R IN EACH
TR A D E , ETC .— Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
BOOKBINDERS—Concluded.
May 15, 1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

NORTH CENTRAL —concluded.

Omaha, Nebr.:
Cutters and forwarders.......
Finishers and rulers..........
St. Louis, Mo.:
Cutters, forwarders, and
folding-machine oper­
ators................................
Finishers, first-class...........
Finishers, second-class.......
Rulers, first class...............
Rulers, second class...........
St. Paul, Minn.:
Cutters and forwarders,
second class.....................
Finishers, forwarders, first
class, and rulers..............

Cents. Dolls.

Reg1
ular
nultirate %
plied by—

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

2
2

8|_4|_48
8|-4i-48

1li
1li
1li
* li

2
2
2 .
2
2

37. 5 18.00

xli

2

8j-4^-48

41.7

1li

2

8|-4J-48

li
li

3li

2
2
2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -4 8

li

2

*8

40.6 19. 50
37. 5 18.00

li
li

2
2

4 8 -8

31.3

15.00

li

5 li

37.5
28.1

18.00
13. 50

li
li

5U

72.9
52.1

35.00
25.00

62. 5
50.0
640.6
43. 8
745.8
50.0
53.1
57.3

Cents. Dolls.

8 -8 “48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8——
8 48

43. 8
43. 8

2 1 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

43. 8 2 1 .0 0
52.1 25.00
47.9 23.00
50.0 24.00
45.8 2 2 .0 0

2 0 .0 0

14
if

41.7

2 0 .0 0

8|-4i-48

41.7
50.0
45.8
47.9
43.8

2 0 .0 0
2 2 .0 0
2 1 .0 0

8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8

12

32.7

16.00

9 -4 -49

12

36.7

18.00

9 -4 -49

12
12

24.00
23.00

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.:
Cutter?, forwarders, and
rulers.............................
Finishers...........................
Dallas, Tex...........................
Houston, Tex........................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Cutters..............................
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers__•
..........................
Nashville, Tenn....................
New Orleans, La.:
Cutters..............................
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers..............................
Forwarders, half bound___

37.5 18.00
41.7 2 0 .0 0
37. 5 18.00
45.8 2 2 .0 0
43.8

2 1 .0 0

2 H

1

43.8

2 1 .0 0

-8 -48

40.6

19. 50

-48
8 -8 -48

33.3

10.00 |

8 -8 -4 8

43.8

2 1 .0 0

8 -8 -48

46.9
52.1

22. 50
25.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

8 -8 -48
*8

-8 -48

8 -8 -48

5 li

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

3li
3li

2
2

8 -S -48
8 -8 -48

30.00
24.00
19.50

3li

2 1 .0 0
2 2 .0 0

2 li

24.00

1li
li

2
2
2
li
li
li

8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8

25.50
27.50

li
li

li
li

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

52.1 25.00
46.9 22. 50
oO
.O 24.00

xli
l U
1li

2
2

2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont.:
All-round men in 1-man
shops..............................
Cutters..............................
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers...............................
Denver, Colo........................
Los Angeles, Cal....................
Portland. Oreg.....................
Salt Lake City, Utah...........
San Francisco, Cal................
Seattle, Wash.:
Cutters, finishers, forward­
ers, and rulers................
Rulers, head rulers............
Spokane, Wash.:
All-round men in small
shops..............................
Cutters and forwarders......
Finishers and rulers..........

li

li

1 Double time after midnight.

2 Double time after 4 hours.
3 Double time after 10 p. m.

* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.




-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

6 For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
6 Scale became 43.8 cents on June 1,1917.
7Scale became 47.9 cents on July 1,1917.

BU LLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

248
T able

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
COMPOSITORS.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass................
Bridgeport, Conn..........
Buffalo, N. Y.:
English......................
German.....................
Fall River, Mass...........
Manchester, N. H .........
Newark, N. J.:
Ehglish......................
German.....................
New Haven. Conn........
New York, N. Y.:
English......................
Bohemian..................
German.....................
Hebrew......................
Hungarian.................
Italian........................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
English......................
German.....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.............
Providence, R. I...........
Rochester, N. Y ...........
Scranton, Pa.................
Proof readers.............
Springfield, Mass..........
Worcester, Mass............

For Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
For Sun­
week over­ days
Per
Full week.
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
days.

C
ents, Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

l li
li

45.8
43.8

22.00
21.00

M3.8
41.7
37.5
37.5

21.00
20.00
15. 00
18.00

50.0
50.0
40.6

24.00
24.00
19.50

52.1
41.7
56.8
56.5
57.1
54.8

25.00
20.00
25.00
26.00
24.00
23.00

!li

43.8
41.7

21.00
20.00
21.00
18.00
20.00
23.00
24.00
20.00
16. 50

in

843.8

937.5

mi.7

47.9
50.0
41.7
34.4

li

8
8
8
8

:a
li
1li
li

*2
•n

W
\
I

2
2
2

li
!li
1li
li
li
1 li
li

-8
-8
-8
-8

-48
-48
-48
-48

Rate of

lo k

Sat­
Per
urday Per week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

2

72
2
2
2
2

12
1
12
1

2
2

5 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

8 -4-44
8 -6 -4 6
7 -7 -42
7 -7 -42

58 — —
8 48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
6 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8|-4l-48
5 8 -8 -48

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

Cents. Dolls.

12 43.8

8f-4i-48
8 -8 -48

17.00
17.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

23.00
37.5

21.00

20.00
35.4
35.4

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

ii

1*

8i-5i-48
8 -8 -48

May 15, 1916.

-48

18.00

1-8 -48

54.*3 25.00
21.00

8 -6 -46
8 -8 -48

41.7
39.6

20.00
19.00

5 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

43.8
45.8

21.00
22.00

\-48

37.5
33.3
43.8

18.00
16.00
21.00

5 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
6 8 -8 -48

; -48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga...........
Baltimore, Md.......
Charleston, S. C. . .
Jacksonville, Fla...
Richmond, Va......
Washington, D. C.

37.5 18.00
43.8 21.00
37.5 18.00
46.9 22.50
37.5 18.00
47.9 1223.00

12
1

2
li
2
li
2

-8
-8
-8
-8
-8
-8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
58 — —
8 48
English......
50.0 24.00 1 H
4
52.1 25.00 1 li
8 -8 -48
Bohemian..
6
2
8 -8 -48
50.0 24.00
German---5
8 -8 -48
50.0 24.00 1 11
Norwegian..
1 Double time after midnight.
* Scale became 45.8 cents on Aug. 6,1917.
» Double time after 6 hours.
* From midnight Saturdays to midnight Sundays,triple time, except from 7.30 a. m. to 5.30 p. m., double
time.
6 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* For Sundays; for holidays, double time.
* For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half; for Sundays and other holidays,
double time.
« Scale became 45.8 cents on July 1,1917.
9 Scale became 39.6 cents on July 1,1917.
1 Scale became 43.8 cents on June 1,1917, and 45.8 cents on Nov. 1,1917.
0
n For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
i* 44 hours arid $21.08 per week, June to September, inclusive.
1 44 hours and $19.25 per week, June to September, inclusive,
3
n Double time after 8 p. m., and on Saturdays after completion of 48-hour week.
1 Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturdays after completion of 48-hour week.
5




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUKS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T able

249

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOE IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
COMPOSITORS—Continued.

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
Rate of wages—
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
For
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Sun­
Per
Per
For days
Saturdays;
urday Per week
Per week over­
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holiday
pre­
vailed
May 15, 1917.

Geographical division and
city.

north central—concluded.

Chicago, 111.—Concluded.
Polish...............................
Swedish.............................
Proofreaders..................
Cincinnati, Ohio...................
Cleveland, Ohio:
English..............................
English..............................
Hungarian.........................
Columbus, Ohio...................
Davenport, Iowa, Rock
Island and Moline, 111........
Des Moines, Iowa.............
Detroit, Mich...................
Grand Rapids, Mich........
Indianapolis, Ind.:
English.........................
German..................... .
Kansas City, Mo..............
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English.........................
German........................
Minneapolis, Minn...........
Omaha, Nebr.:
English.........................
Bohemian.....................
German........................
Peoria, 111.........................
St. Louis, Mo.:
English and German. . .
St. Paul, Minn.................
Wichita, Kans.................

Cents. Dolls.
52.1 25.00
52.1 25.00
54.2 26.00
46.9 22.50

43.8 21.00
458.0
50.6 22.00
50.0 24.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
2
2
2
U
2
2

sn

47.9
45.8
50.0
38.5

23.00
22.00
24.00
18.50

2

45.8
45.8
45.8

22.00
22.00
22.00

47.9
47.9
45.8

23.00
23.00
22.00

2
71
ii
2
2
92

46.9 22.50
46.9 22.50
53.1 25.50
40.0 19.20
47.9
45.8
43.8

23.00
22.00
21.00

f

2

li

2
12
2
li

Cents. Dolls.

2 8 -8
2 8 -8
2 8 -8
8 -8

-48
-48
-48
-48

8 -8
8 -8
6 7i-6
8 -8

-48
-48
-43i
-48

41.7 20.00
455.0
43.7 19.00
43.8 21.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -4 8
6 7^-6 -43i
8 -8-48

8 -8
8 -8
2 8 -8
2 8 -8

-48
-48
-48
-48

45.8 22.00
43.8 21.00
45.8 22.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48,
2 8 -8 -48

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

50.0
50.0
52.1
43.8

24.00
24.00
25.00
21.00

a 8 -8
28 -8
2 8 -8
8 -8

-48
-48- -48 -48

21.00

-8-4.8

45.8 22.00

-8 -48

43.8
43*8

2i.‘ 66

$-8 -48

-48
-48
-48
-48

45.8

22.00

$ -8 -48

46.9

22*50

r-8*-48*

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

45.8
43.8
42.7

22.00
21.00
20.50

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

19.50

8 -8 -48

24.00
20.00

8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48

21.60
19.50

8 -8 -48
8i-5£-48

8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8

SOUTH CENTRAL.

(15)
8 -8 -48
Birmingham, Ala..
40.6
44.8 21.50
Dallas, Tex...........
8 -8 -48
52.1 25.00
2
Houston, Tex.......
52.1 25.00
2
8 -8 -48
50.0
Little Rock, Ark..
2 8 -8 -48
41.7
43.8 21.00
li
2 8 -8 -48
Louisville, Ky......
2
39.6 19.00
12
6
Memphis, Tenn...
8 -8 -48
47.1 22.60
45.0
Nashville, Tenn...
12 40.6
2
44.8 21.50
8 -8 -48
New Orleans, L a ..
43.8 21.00
li
I Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturdays after completion of 48-hour week.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
3Double time after midnight.
* Per 1,000 ems.
6 For Sundays; do not work on holidays.
6 6 days off each year, with pay.
7 And 15 cents per hour additional.
« Double time after 4 hours.
9 For New Year’ s and Memorial days, time and one-half.
1 Double time after 11 p. m.
0
II Double time after 10 p. m.
1 For Christmas, July 4, Labor Day; for New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving
2
half.
Time and one-half after 10 p. m.
1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
4
1 Overtime charge, plus 50 cents per day.
6
1 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
6
1 Double time after 10.30 p. m.
7




days, time and one-

B ULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

250
T able

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
COMPOSITORS—Concluded.

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

Butte, Mont.............
Denver, Colo............
Los Angeles, Cal......
Portland, Oreg........
Salt Lake City, Utah
San Francisco, Cal...
Seattle, Wash..........
Spokane, Wash........

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

Cents. Dolls.

65.6
2 54.2
<50.0
53.5
54.2
54.2
256.3
l.l

31.50
26.00
24.00
25. 68
•26.00
26.00
27.00
25.50

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multiplied by—
ill
li

2

Cents. Dolls.
I -8
I -8
I -8
I -8
I -8
; -8
; -8
! -8

-4 8
-4 8
-4 8
-4 8
-4 8
-4 8
-4 8
-4 8

52.6 25. 25
53.1 25.50

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

ELECTROTYPERS: Battery men and builders.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass.........
Buffalo, N. Y .........
New Haven, Conn..
New York, N. Y ...
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Rochester, N. Y —
Scranton, Pa..........
Springfield, Mass...

41.7
37.5
35.2
56.3
47.9
39.6
31.3
39.6
37.5

* li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8f-ll-48
8 -8 -48
9 -9 -54
8-4-44
81
-41-48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 8f-4 -48

li
711
li
li

2
2
2
2

8|-41-48
8|-4i-48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

20.00
18.00
19.00
24. 75
23.00
19.00
15.00
19.00
18.00

7li
li
li
1 li

34.4 16.50
35.4 17.00
46.9 22.50
37.5 18.00

12
33.3
12
12 45.8
37.5

18.00

9 -9 -54

22.00
18.00

8|-41-48
8 -8 -48

37.5

18.00

8 -8 -48

12
12 33.3

16.00

12

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga..........
Baltimore, Md---Jacksonville, Fla..
Washington, D. C.

(9)

(9
)

8|-41-48
(9
)

NORTH CENTRAL.

12 43.8 21.00
2
8|-41-48
Chicago, 111........................... 47.9 23.00 io ii
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Battery men, backers,
2
12
casters, and floor men— 33.3 16.00 7 li
2
12
Builders............................. 37.5 18.00 7 l i
12
2
8^-5J-48
H37.5 18.00 1211
Cleveland, Ohio............. .
Davenport, Iowa, Moline
2
8 -8 -48
43.8 21.00
and Rock Island, 111.......... 47.9 23.00 is i i
2
8|-41-48
12
Detroit, Mich........................ 43.8 21.00 io ii
2
8§-4§-48
12
Grand Rapids, Mich............. 25.0 12.00
li
2
8-4-44
39.2 i7.25
Indianapolis, Ind.................. 43.2 19.00 7 l i
1 Double time after 10 p. m.
2 Scale became 59.4 cents on Sept. 4,1917.
3 Double time after 10 p. m. and on Saturday after 5 p. m.
4 Scale became 62.1 cents on June 11,1917.
6 45 hours and $24.38 per week, June to August, inclusive,
e Double time after midnight.
i Double time after 10 p. m. Mondays to Fridays; after 5 p. m. on Saturdays,
s Work 9 hours on Fridays.
» No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
1 Double time after 9 p. m. Mondays to Fridays; after 4 p. m. on Saturdays.
0
1 Scale became 41.7 cents on June 1,1917.
1
1 Double time after midnight Mondays to Fridays; after 5 p. m. on Saturdays,
2
is Double time after 9 p. m.




8|-41-48

8 -8 -48
8 -4 -4 4

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T able

251

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
ELECTROTYPERS: Battery men and builders—Concluded.

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

NORTH CENTRAL— concluded.

Milwaukee, Wis...............
Minneapolis, Minn...........
Omaha, Nebr...................
St. Louis, Mo...................
St. Paul, Minn.................

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

Cents.
39.6
39.6
37.5
37.5
39.6

D olls.

19.00
19.00
18.00
18.00
19.00

Regular
rate m ulti­
plied by —

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

l li

37.5 I 18.00

li

82-4i~48

19.00
18.00

3l i
li

Cents.

31 3. 15.00
35.4 17.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

16.00
17.00

8f-4i-48
8|-4i-48

33.3

; -8 -48
\-8 -48

D olls.

33.3
35.4

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8|-4i-48
8f-44~48

16.00

! -8 -48

40.7

22.00

9 - 9-54

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala.............

12

WESTERN.

Denver, Colo....................
Seattle, Wash..................

39.6
37.5

ELECTROTYPERS: Finishers and molders.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

24.00

2 li

2

8f-4i-48

12

43.8
50.0
44.4
68.8

21.00
24.00
24.00
30.25

li
li
li
s i£

2
2
2
2

8 -8
8 -8
9 -9
8 -4

12

52.1 [ 25.00
47.9 23.00
56.3 27.00

2
2
2

8f-44-48
8|-4i-48
8f-44~48

12 50.0
12 45.8
12 54.2

24.00
22.00
26.00

2
2

4 g _8 -48

43.8
50.0

21.00
24.00

4 8 _8 -48

* 8 -8 -48

41.7
37.5
47.9

20.00
18.00
23.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

-48
-48
-54
-44

45.8
52.1

22.00
25.00

*1*
3li
3li
3u
3li

37.5
43.8

18.00
21.00

li
if

2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

43.8
39.6
50.0
50.0

21.00
19.00
24.00
24.00

li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2

8——
8 48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
5 8f-4 -48

O OO
OOO

50.0

OOO
OOO

Boston, Mass...........
Buffalo, N. Y.:
Finishers...............
Molders.................
New Haven, Conn...
New York, N. Y ......
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Finishers...............
Finishers’ helpers..
Molders.................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Finishers...............
Molders.................
Rochester, N. Y.:
Finishers...............
Molders.................
Scranton, Pa.:
Finishers..............
Finishers’ helpers..
Molders.................
Springfield, Mass

i2

4 8 -8 -48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

50.0 24.00
Atlanta, Ga......... .
2
12
8|-44-48
li
Baltimore, Md.:
Finishers...........
47.9 23.00 2li
2
8|-44-48
12 45.8 22.00
Molders............
52.1 25.00 2 li
2
8|-4i-48
12 50.0 24.00
46.9 22.50
Jacksonville, Fla..
2
8 -8 -48
li
Richmond, Va___
52.1 25.00
8 -8 -48
46.3 25.00 I
li
li
Washington, D. C..
2
56.3 27.00
8 -8 -48
li
54.2 26.00
1 Double time after 9 p. m. Mondays to Fridays; after 4 p . m. on Saturdays.
2 Double time after 10 p. m. Mondays to Fridays; after 5 p. m. on Saturdays,.
3 Double time after 10 p. m.
4 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
5 Work 9 hours on Fridays.




8|-4|-48
8|-44-48
9 -9 -54
8 -8 -4 8

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

252
Table

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
ELECTROTYPERS: Finishers and molders—Concluded.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end-

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For Hours—
Full day;
Sun­
Per
Saturdays;
For days
Per week over­
Full week.
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

NORTH CENTRAL.

Cents.
Chicago, III.:
Finishers........................... 56.3
Molders.............................. 60.4
|
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Finishers........................... 245.8
Molders.............................. 450.0
Cleveland, Ohio:
Finishers........................... 447.9
Molders.............................. 652.1
Second molders.................. 443.8
Columbus, Ohio................... 43.8
Davenport, Iowa, Moline
and R ock Island, 111.:
Finishers........................... 56.3
Molders.............................. 60.4
Des Moines, Iowa................. 54.2
Detroit, Mich........................ 52.1
Grand Rapids, Mich............. 37.5
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Finishers........................... 50.0
Molders.............................. 52.3
Kansas City, Mo................... 50.0
Milwaukee, Wis................... 50.0
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Finishers........................... 50.0
Molders.............................. 56.3
Omaha, Nebr........................ 52.1
St. Louis, Mo.:
Finishers........................... 47.9
Molders.............................. 50.0
St. Paul, Minn.:
Finishers........................... 50.0
Molders.............................. 56.3

Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

A ,
Sat­
Per
urday Per week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

J li
1U

2
2

8f-4£-48
8|-4i-48

12 52.1
12 56.3

22.00
24.00

3 li
3 1£

2
2

8|-4i-48
8|-4i-48

12
12

23.00
25.00
21.00
21.00

5 li
6 li
6 li
li

2
2
2
2

8|-55-48
S|-5i-48
8i-5J-48
8|-5i-48

..........
12 ........ 1
12
12
12

27.00
29.00
26.00
25.00
18.00

7 li
7 li
8 li
J li
li

2
2
2
2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
83-41-48
8J-41-48
Si-4|-48

52.1
56.3
12 50.0
12
12

25.00
27.00
24.00

22.00
23.00
24.00
24.00

3 li
3 li
li
li

2
2
2
2

8 -4
8 -4
8 -8
s 8 -8

-44
-44
-48
-48

12 47.9
12 50.1
46.9
43.8

21.08
22.04
22.50
21.00

8 -4
8 -4
8 -8
9 8 -8

24.00
27.00
25.00

1 li
1 li
li

2
2
2

9 8 -8 -48

•8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

45.8
52.1
43.8

22.00
25.00
21.00

9 8 -8 -48
9 8 >8 -48

23.00
24.00

3 li
3 li

2
2

8|-4i-48
8|-4i-48

12 45.8
12 47.9

22.00
23.00

8|-4i-48
8|-41-48

24.00
27.00

1 li
* li

2
2

Si-41-48
8f-4^-48

12 45.8
12 52.1

22.00
25.00

8 f-4 J -4 8
8 | -4 i-4 8

27.00

li

2

81-41-48

12

37.5 18.00
41.7 20.00
62.5 30.00
45.8 22.00
46.9 22.50
40.0 18 00

li
li
li
li
li
li

2
2
1
li
2
li

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8——
8 48
8 -8 -48
8i-5|-48
8 -5 -45

47.9 23.00 1 li
1
54.2 26.00 h li
2
56.3 27.00 1 11
56.3 27.00
li
56.3 27.00
li
52.1 25.00
li

2
2
li
2
2
li

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8——
8 48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

27.00
29.00

25.00
27.00

83-41-48
82-41-48

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
-44
-44
-48
-48

8 -8 -48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala..........
Dallas, Tex.:
Finishers...................
Molders......................
Houston, Tex...............
Memphis, Tenn.............
Nashville, Tenn............
New Orleans, La..........

56.3

(10)

(1 )
0

(10)

12 43.8
12

21.00

8i-5i-48

43.8
52.1

21.00
25.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

24.00

8 -8 -48

WESTERN.

Denver, Colo.:
Finishers...................
Molders......................
Los Angeles, Cal...........
Portland, Oreg.............
San Francisco, Cal........
Seattle, Wash................

50.0
1
1

1 Double time after 9 p. m., Mondays to Fridays;
6 Scale became 56.3 cents on June 1,1917.
after 4 p. m. on Saturdays.
7 Double time after 9 p. m.
2 Scale became 47.9 cents on June 1,1917.
8 Double time after 10 p.m., Mondays to Fridays;
3 Double time after 10 p. m., Mondays to Fridays;
after 6 p. m. on Saturdays.
after 5 p. m. on Saturdays.
9 flours vary, but total 48 per week.
* Scale became 52.1 cents on June 1,1917.
1 No scale in effect on May 15,1916,
0
6 Double time after midnight, Mondays to Fri­ 1 Double time after 10 p. m.
1
days; after 5 p. m. on Saturdays.
1 Double time after midnight.
2




U N I O N S C A L E O P W A G E S A N D HOTJKS OF L A B O R , M A Y 15 , 19-17.
T a b le

253

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS.

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

For Hours—
Full day;
Sun­
Per
Saturdays;
For days
Per week over­
Full week.
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.
1

NORTH ATLAN
TIC.

J \
teg ular
rate n
mltiCents. Dolls. plied by—

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1910.
Rate of
wages—

19?V,
Sat­
Per
urday Per week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

2
84-54-48
12 47.9 23.00
Boston, Mass........................ 50.0 24.00
8f-4|-48
Monotype operators........... 45.8 22.00
. 8f-4{-48
2
84-5|-48
12 43.8 21.00
Bridgeport., Conn
, 47.9 23.00
1|
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
45.8 22.00
l|
Buffalo, N. Y ........................ 53.1 25.50
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
50.0 24.00
?
n
Monotype operators... . . .. . 45.8 22.00
2
8 -8 -48
2
8 -8 -48
35.4 17.00
8 -8 -48
Manchester, N. H................. 37.5 18.00 1 14
2
Newark, N. J........................ 50.0 24.00
8 -8 -48
14
New Haven, Conn................ 45.8 22.00 114
2
8 -8 -48
New York, N. Y.:
3 8 -8 -48
English.............................. 54.2 26.00 J 14 2 2
German............................. 70.7 26.50
2
74-7§-374
14
Hebrew.............................. 88.9 32.00
2
e -6 -36
6 -6 -36
86.1 31.00
li
Hungarian......................... 64.3 27.00
2
7 -7 -42
7 -7 -42
59.5 25.00
14
Italian................................ 54.8 23.00
7 -7 -42
2
14
Philadelphia, Pa.:
3 8 -8 -48
3 8 -8 -48
English.............................. 47.9 23.00 1 14 * 2
45.8 22.00
6 8 -0 -40
German............................. 57.5 23.00
2
58 -0 -4 0
55.0 22.00
14
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
English.............................. 752.1 25.00
2
8——
8 48
14
8 -8 -48
German............................ 50.8 24.40 875c.
2
Monotype Operators.......... 945.8 22.00
2
8 -8 -48
14
Providence, R. I................... 647.9 23.00 1 if
2
8 -8 -48
Rochester, N. Y ................... W
3 8 -8 -48
2
47.9 23.00 114
Monotype operators.......... H41.7 20.00 114
3 8 -8 -48
2
2
8 -8 -48
Scranton. Pa......................... 50.0 24.00
8 -8 -48
45.8 22.00
14 1 2
Springfield, Mass.................. 41.7 20.00 1 li
2
81-41-48
12
Worcester, Mass.................... 43.8 21.00
3 8 -8 -48
2
14
1
SO TH ATLAN
U
TIC.
12
2
3 8 -8 -48
Atlanta, Ga.......................... 46.9 22.50
14
3 8 -8 -48
Baltimore, Md...................... 50.0 24.00
2
3 8 -8 -48
46.9 22.50
14
Charleston, S. C.................... 50.0 24.00
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
37.5 18.00
14
14
Jacksonville, Fla................... 53.1 25.50
2
3 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
52.1 25.00
14
3 8 -8 -48
Richmond, Va...................... 45.8 22.00
14
14
Do................................. “ 11.0
3 8 -8 -48
14
14
1 8 -8 -48
4
V
2
1 8 - 8 -48
5
Washington, D .C ................ 56.3 1 27.00’
50.0 1624.00
14
' NORTH CEN
TRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
3 8 -8 -48
English.............................. 50.0 24.00 1 14
2
6
Bohemian.......................... 59.0 21.24 1 14
2
6 -6 -36
7
German............................. 50.0 24.00
2
2
8 -8 -48
Norwegian......................... 50.0 24.00 1 14
2
8 -8 -48
8
8
3 8-8 -48
Swedish............................. 55.0 26.40 1 1J
2 1 38 -8 -48
50.0 24.00 I
1 Double time after midnight.
2Triple time on Sundays except from 7.30 a. m. to 5.30 p. m.
3 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
4 For Sundays and holidays; for New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.
6 Work 5 days per week.
•Scale became 50 cents on July 1,1917.
7 Scale became 54.2 cents on July 1,1917.
8Rate, in cents, per hour.
9 Scale became 47.9 cents on July 1,1917.
*o Scale became 49 cents on Nov. 1,1917.
« Scale became 43.8 cents on June 1,1917, and 45.8 cents on Nov. 1,1917.
1 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
2
1 Per 1,000 ems minion.
3
1 44 hours and $24.75 per week, June to September, inclusive.
4
1 44 hours and $22 per week, June to September, inclusive.
#
1 Double time after 8 p. m., and on Saturdays after completion of 48-hour week.
9
1 Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturdays after completion of 36-hour week.
7
1 Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturdays after completion of 48-hour week.
8




BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

254
T able

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS—Continued.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

For Hours—
Full day;
Sun­ Saturdays;
Per
For days
Per week over­
Full week.
hour. lull time. and
holi­
time.
days.

NORTH CENTRAL— concluded.

Cincinnati, Ohio:
English.........................
German.........................
Cleveland, Ohio:
English.........................
Hungarian....................
Columbus, Ohio...................
Davenport, Iowa, Rock Is­
land and Moline, HI..........
Des Moines, Iowa.................
Detroit, Mich........................
Grand Rapids, Mich.: Mono­
type operators...................
Indianapolis, Ind................
Monotype operators.........
Kansas City, Mo.................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English............................
German............................
Minneapolis, Minn..............
Omaha, Nebr.:
English............................
German............................
Peoria, 111.: Monotype oper­
ators.................................
St. Louis, Mo......................
English............................ .
German............................
St. Paul, Minn....................
Wichita, Kans....................
Monotype operators.........

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multiplied by—

54.2
39.6

26.00
li
li
19.00 i50c. i50c.

62.5
62.1
50.0

30.00
27.00
24.00

47.9
50.0
60.5

23.00
24.00
29.04

45.8
56.3
56.3
57.3

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

mi,

SatPer
urday Per week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.
52.1

25.00

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

8 -8 -48

* 7i-6 -43i
8 -8 -48

53.8 25.80
55.2 24.00
43.8 21.00

8 -8 -48
7i-6 -43i
8 -8 -4 8

?

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
a 8 -8 -48

45.8 22.00
49.0 23.50
55.0 26.40

8 -8 -48
8——
8 48
* 8 -8 -48

22.00
27.00
27.00
27.50

2
2
2
li

68 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8

53.1
53.1

25.50
25.50

54.2
54.2
52.1

26.00
26.00
25.00

52.1

25.00

6 8 -8 -4 8

82

50.0

24.00

""*8-8 *-48*

53.1
53.1

25.50
25.50

-48
-48

22.50

8 -8 -4 8

40.0
54.2
54.2
54.2
52.1
48.4
46.9

19.20
26.00
26.00
26.00
25.00
23.25
22.50

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

52.1 25.00
52.1 25.00
52.1 25.00
50.0 24.00
47.4 22.75
45.8 22.00

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -4 8

2
8 II
2

li
2
2
2
ii 2
li
li

8——
8 48

-48
-48
-48
-48

6 8 -8 -48
6 g _8 -48
8 -8 -48

8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
Birmingham, Ala.......
54.5 26.16
57.3 27.50 i 75c. 181.3
8 -8 -48
Dallas, Tex..................
8 *-8 —
48
2
1312.0
1312.5
i
8 -8 -48
2
Houston, Tex..............
1312.5
8 -8 -48
Monotype operators.
8 -8 -4 8
52.1 25.00
2
57.3 27.50
68 -8 -48
Little Rock, Ark.........
50.0 24.00
s 8 -8 -48
50.0 24.00
Louisville, Ky.............
?
12
4
8 -8 -48
Memphis, Tenn...........
56.3 27.00
8J-5|-48
50.0 24.00
2
Nashville, Tenn..........
41.7 20.00
8£-5i-48
53.3 24.00
7i-7£-45
New Orleans, La.........
li
1315.0
7i-7£-45
Do............................
li
i Rate, in cents, per hour.
* Double time after midnight.
8 For Sundays; do not work on holidays.
4 Allowed 6 days otf each year, with pay.
•Double time after 9 p. m.
6 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
7 Double time after 4 hours.
s For Sundays; for New Year’s and Memorial days, time and one-half.
®Double time after 11 p. m.
i° Double time after 10 p. m.
n For Sundays, Christmas, July 4, and Labor Day; for New Year’s, Thanksgiving, and Memorial days,
time and one-half.
1 Time and one-half after 10 p. m.
2
is Per 1,000 ems nonpareil.
h For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half,
i®Double time after 10.30 p. m.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T able

255

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS—Concluded.

May 15,1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular
rate multi­

W ESTERN.

Denver, Colo.: Monotype Cents. Dolls. plied by—
2
operators.......................... i 54.2 26.00 2li
2
Los Angeles, Cal.................. 360.4 29.00
li
Portland, Oreg.................... 65.6 31.50 4100c. 4100c.
Salt Lake City, Utah.......... 56.3 5 27.00 6 li
San Francisco, Cal.............. 65.0 31.20 6 li
li
Seattle, Wash..................... 78.6 33.00 4120c,
Spokane, Wash................... 66.7 30.00
li
ii

8——
8 48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
*8 -8 -4 8
8——
8 48
7 -7 -42
7i_7i_45

Cents. Dolls. I

75.0

31.50 I

7 -7 -42

23.00

8|-4i-48

46.9 22.50
4 50.0 H24.00

8 -8 -48
ii 8 -8 -48

MACHINE TENDERS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass................ .
Newark, N. J.................
New York, N. Y.:
1 to 4 machines...........
5 to 8 machines...........
9 to 12 machines........ .
13 or more machines..

24.00
24.00

6 li
H

2
2

54.2 26.00
57.3 27.50
61.5 29.50
65.6 31.50

6 li
•1*
6 li
6li

82
82
82
82

50.0 24.00
56.3 1027.00

li
6 li

2
2

8 -8 —
48
io s -8 -48

50.0 24.00
55.0 26. 40
54.2 26.00
62.5 30.00
50.0 24.00
60.5 29.04
54.2 26.00
52.1 25.00
54.2 26.00

1 i*
2
2
1 1*
3
2
li
li
2
6 li
li
li
2
li
2
• li
5
1 1^ 1 2
4
1 1^
6
2

93 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
98 -8 -48
9 8 -8 -48
8——
8 48
8 -8 -48

50.0
50.0

8i-5i-48
8 -8 -48
98 -8
98 -8
9 8,-8
98 -8

12 47.9

-48
-48
-48
-48

1

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Baltimore, Md..............
Washington, D. C........
NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111.:
English......................
Swedish......................
Cincinnati, Ohio........... .
Cleveland, Ohio............
Des Moines, Iowa.........
Detroit, Mich................
Milwaukee, Wis............
Minneapolis, Minn........
St. Louis, Mo................

50.0
52.1
53.8
49.0
55.0
52.1
50.0
52.1

24.00
25.00
25.80
23.50
26.40
25.00
24.00
25.00

8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
» 8 -8
98 -8
8 -8
8 -8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

4
2
8 -8 -48
72.9 35.00 1 li
Houston, Tex----50.0 24.00
98 -8 -48
Little Rock, Ark.
3
li
li
9 8 -8 -48
2
Louisville, K y—
47.9 23.00 6 li
2
12 41.7 20.00
Nashville, Tenn..
50.0 24.00
li
8i-5J-48
7J— 45
7J—
New Orleans, La.
53.3 24.00 1 li
li
7
1 Scale became 59.4 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
2 Double time after 10 p. m. Mondays to Fridays; after 5 p. m. on Saturdays.
3 Scale became 62.5 cents on July 11,1917.
4 Rate, in cents, per hour.
6 45 hours and $25.31 per week, June to August, inclusive.
6 Double time after midnight.
? For Sundays; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day.
s Triple time on Sundays, except from 7.30 a. m. to 5. 30 p. m.
®Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
w 44 hours and $24.75 per week, June'to September, inclusive.
1 44 hours and $22 per week, June to September, inclusive.
1
1 Double time after 8 p. m., and on Saturdays after completion of 48-hour week.
2
« Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturdays after completion of 48-hour week.
1 Double time after 4 hours.
4
1 For New Year's and Memorial days, time and one-half.
5
*« Double time after 11 p. m.
1 Double time after 10 p. m.
7




8i-5*-48

256

BU LLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
M ACHINE TENDERS—Concluded.

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

Cents. Dolls.

Los Angeles, Cal..
160.4
San Francisco, Cal................ 1 71.3

29.00
34.20

Regular
rate multiplied by—
UI 2
21*

li

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.

5-48
I -48

M
ACHINIST OPERATORS.
NORTH ATLANTIC.

Buffalo, N. Y ..............
Rochester, N. Y ..........
Springfield, Mass.........

57.3 27.50
352.1 25.00
41.7 20.00

li
li
2H

2
2
2

8 -8 -48
4 g -8 -48
83-41-48

25.50
24.00
27.00

li
li
li

52
2
2

4 8 -8 -48
48 -8 -48
* 8 -8 -48

50.0 24.00 6 li
60.5 29.04 1 li
56.3 27.00 2 li
62.5 30.00
li
53.1 25.50
if
58.3 28.00 8 li
54.7 26.25 101|

2
2
2
li
li
92
li

4 8 -8
« 8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8

12

54.2 26.00
50.0 24.00

8 -8 -48

* 8 -8 -48

53.1
50.0
56.3

46.9

22.50

0
0
i0
0
1
S
o

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.................
Baltimore, M d............
Jacksonville, Fla.........

55.0
53.1

26.40
25.50

4 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

52.3
53.6

27.00
25. 75

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

64.5 30.96
1212.5

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

24.00

8A-5J-48

34.50

7 -7 -42

NORTH CENTRAL.

Chicago, 111..................
Detroit, Mich..............
Indianapolis, Ind........
Kansas City, Mo..........
Omaha, Nebr..............
St. Paul, Minn............
Wichita, Kans.............

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Birmingham, Ala........
Dallas, Tex..................
Houston, Tex..............
Little Rock, Ark.........
Louisville, K y.............
Nashville, Tenn..........
New Orleans, La..........

59.4
1212.0
72.9
56.3
51.1
56.3
60.0

28.50 ii 80c. H86ic.
___
1
1
2
35.00 1 li
3
27.00
li
li
24.52 2 ii
2
2
27.00
ll
27.00 1 li
li
4

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
« 8 -8 -48
* 8 -8 -48
8i— 48
5i—
7i-7^-45

1
3

12 50.0

WESTERN.

Butte, Mont................ .
Salt Lake City, Utah..,
San Francisco, Cal...... .
Seattle, Wash..............
Spokane, Wash........... .

2
81.3 39.00 8 li
62.5 1530.00 2 li
li
71.3 34.20 2li
6 li
85.7 36.00 iil20c. 1 i
73.3 33.00 2 li
li

8 -8 -48
is 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
7 -7 -42
7i-7i-45

3
82.1

1 Scale became 62.5 cents on June 1,1917.
2 Double time after midnight.
8 Scale became 53.1 cents on Nov. 1,1917.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
6 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
« Double time after 8 p. m., and on Saturdays after completion of 48-hour week.
7 Double time after 9 p. m.
8 Double time after 10 p. m.
®For New Year’ s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.
*o Time and one-half after 10 p. m.
1 Rate, in cents, per hour.
1
1 Per 1,000 ems nonpareil and 50 cents per day additional.
2
1 Double time after 4 hours.
3
n Double time after 10.30 p. m.
i®45 hours and $28.13 per week, June to August, inclusive.
1 For Sundays; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day.
6




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T able

257

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PHOTO-ENGRAVERS.

May 15,1917.
Rate of
Geographical division and
city.

NORTH ATLANTIC.

Boston, Mass........................
Buffalo, N. Y ........................
New York, N .Y ...................
Philadelphia, Pa...................
Pittsburgh, Pa.....................
Providence, R. I.:
Photographers and finish­
ers ...................................
Zinc etchers, and proofers..
Scranton. Pa.........................
Springfield, Mass..................

For
Per
For Sun­
Per Week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

Cents. Dolls.
43.8
50.0
62.5
58.3
54.2

21.00
24.00
30.00
28.00
26.00

52.1
43.8
52.1
52.1

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

25.00
21.00
25.00
25.00

SO TH ATLAN
U
TIC.
Atlanta, Ga.......................... 747.9
Baltimore, Md.:
Half-tone photographers,
etchers, and finishers___ 54.2
Line photographers, etch­
ers, finishers, routers, and
I>roofers.......................... 54.2
Printers............................. 54.2
Richmond, Va.:
Line and half-tone oper­
ators............................... 54.2
Etchers............................ . 54.2
Routers............................ . 54.2
Washington, D. C.:
Photographers, half-tone,.. 54.2
Etchers, copper, and fin­
ishers.
54.2
Etchers, zinc; photogra­
phers, line; ana routers. 54.2




8|-4 -48
i 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
i 8 -8 -48
8§-4|-48

Cents. Dolls.
45.8 22.00
50.3 27.00
54.2 126.00
43.8 21.00

2 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
81-41-48

i 8 -8 -48
i 8 -8 -48
8f-4i-48
69 -4 -48

23.00
26.00

«2

26.00
26.00

«2

26.00
20.00
20.00

8f-41-48

12 45.8 22.00
41.7
31.3

42
l 8 -8 -48
i 8 -8 -48
i 8 -8 -48

03 A A
7 O

20.00
15.00

47.9 23.00
45.8 22.00
37.5 18.00

18 -8 -48

1 8 -8 -48
1 8 -8 -48

20.00

52.1

25.00

8 -8 -48

26.00

47.9

23.00

8 -8 -48

26.00

41.7

20.00

8 -8 -48

54.2
50.0
43.8
47.9
46.9

26.00
24.00
21.00
23.00
22.50

i 8 -8 -48
8f-4|-4S

50.0

24.00

8f-4i-48

N
ORTH CENTRAL.
Chicago, 111........................... .58.3 28.00
H
Cincinnati, Ohio................... .54.2 2G.00
H
Cleveland, Ohio.....................50.0 24.00 5 11
Columbus, Ohio................... .50.0 24.00
li
Des Moines, Iowa................. .54.2 26.00 611
Detroit, Mich.........................43.8 21.00
li
Grand Rapids, Mich..............41.7 20.00
H
Milwaukee, Wis.....................54.2 26.00 io 11
Minneapolis, Minn.................56.3 27.00 8li
Omaha, Nebr.:
Half-tone photographers
and finishers, and copper
etchers.............................52.1 25.00
Zinc etchers, proofers,
routers, and blockers_ _47.9 23.00
_
Line photographers,print­
ers, and strippers........... .43.8 21.00
i Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* 44 hours and $20.17 per week, June to September,
inclusive.
a Double time after 4 hours; triple time after 8
hours.
4Triple time after 8 hours.
®Double time after 4 hours.
62373°— 19— B ull. 245-

2
2
42
2
2

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. week
Full week.
full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

-17

i s -8 -48
8|-4i-48
81-41-48
81-41-48
81-41-48
81-41-48
8§-4§-48
81-41-48
8|-4i-48

03
O 41
4-14

i8f-41-48
i 8|-41-48
i 82-41-48

c 8 hours on Mondays.
9 Scale became 52.1 cents on July 15,1917.
s Double time after 9 p. m., and on Saturday
afternoons.
9 And on Saturday afternoons.
Double time after 9 p. m.

258

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PHOTO-ENG RAVERS—Concluded.

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

SO TH CENTRAL.
U

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multiplied by—

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.
52.1

25.00

25.0
18.8

12.00
9.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -4 8

430.2 614.50 3H
5 8 -8 -48
2
27.1 613.00
8 8 -8 -48
720.8 no.oo 3ii
18.8 9 9.00
2
Automatic operators, cy]
1 8 -8 -48
1
der presses...................... 1032.3 H15.50 3l i
2
29.2 W
14.00
1 8 -8 -48
4
Folding-machine operators. 1340.6 i4
19.50 3if
37.5 1518.00
2
2 8 -8 -48
Lithographic presses.......... 31.3 15.00
2
25.0 12.00
if
1 8 -8 -48
7
30.2 1814.50
_
Assistant rotary presses_ 1633.3 1716.00 3 if
2
Platen presses.................... W
2 8 -8 -48
0
20.8 10.00
22.9 2 H O 3li
0 .O
2
2 8 -8 -48
2
2
Platen presses (females). . . 2 I8.8 2 9.00 3l i
1
16.7 2 8.00
3
2
Newark, N. J.:
4
8f-4i-48
Cylinder presses................ 35.4 17.00 2 1J
2
2
8|-41-48
Automatic pile feeders....... 37.5 18.00 2 ii
4
4
Automatic Cross feeders— 39.6 19.00 2
8|-41-48
2
Web presses, brakemen
4
and tension men............. 41.7 20.00 2
2
8f-41-48
Web presses, oilers and
4
utility men..................... 37.5 18.00 2 1£
2
8|-41-48
* Double time on Saturday after 5.30 p. m.
aHours vary, but total 48 per week.
s Double time after midnight.
* Scale became 31.3 cents on June 1,1917.
6 44 hours and $13.29 per week, June to August, inclusive.
6 44 hours and $11.92 per week, June to August, inclusive.
7 Scale became 21.9 cents on June 1,1917.
* 44 hours and $9.17 per week, June to August, inclusive.
9 44 hours and $8.25 per week, June to August, inclusive.
1 Scale became 33.3 cents on June 1,1917.
0
1 44 hours and $14.21 per week, June to August, inclusive.
1
1 44 hours and $12.83 per week, June to August, inclusive,
2
is Scale became 41.7 cents on June 1,1917.
w 44 hours and $17.88 per week, June to August, inclusive,
is 44 hours and $16.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
i« Scale became 34.4 cents on June 1,1917.
1 44 hours and $14.67 per week, June to August, inclusive,
7
is 44 hours and $13.29 per week, June to August, inclusive.
1 Scale became 24 cents on June 1,1917.
9
2 44 hours and $10.08 per week, June to August, inclusive.
0
*i Scale became 19.8 cents on June 1,1917.
8 44 hours and $8.25 per week, June to August, inclusive.
3
* 44 hours and $7.33 per week, June to August, inclusive.
3
Double time after 10 p. m. Mondays to Fridays; after 6 p . m. on Saturdays.

6 8 -8 -48
9 8 -8 -4 8

Houston, Tex..............

54.2

26.00

Ui

2

2 8 -8 -48

W
ESTERN.
Portland, Oreg............
Spokane, Wash...........

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

62.5 30.00
57.3 27.50

PRESS FEEDERS.

N
ORTH ATLANTIC.
Boston, Mass.:
Cylinder presses..
D o.................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Cylinder presses..
Platen presses___
Buffalo, N. Y.:
Cylinder presses.




33.3
35.4

16.00
17.00

31.3
25.0

15.00
12.00

®li
3 li

2
2

8f-4i-48
8|-44-48

2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

1 8 -8
2
1 8 -8
5
28 -8
w 8 -8
9 8 -8
2 8 -8
3

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.

259

T a b l e A .— U N IO N SCALE OF W A G ES AN D H OU RS OF L A B O R IN EACH
T R A D E , ETC .— Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB— Continued.
PRESS FEEDERS—Continued.
Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
Rate of wagesend­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
For SunSaturdays;
Per week over­
Full week..
Full week. half hour. iull
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
holitime.
day
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

n o r t h a t l a n t i c — continued.

Regular
rate multi­

New Haven, Conn.:
Cents. Dolls. plied by—
Cents. Dolls.
Cylinder presses................ 25.0 12.00
18 -8 -48
Platen presses................... 25.0 12.00
20.8 'io.'oo'
18 -8 -48
New York, N. Y.:
Cylinder presses or hand
folding machines or au­
tomatic feed, folding ma­
chine .............................. 236.5 17.50 8U
35.4 17.00
i 8 -8 -48
Sheet-feed rotary press...... 40.6 19.50 3H
39.6 19.00
18 -8 -48
First assistants, McKee
process presses.............. . 43.8 21.00
i 8 -8 -48
Second assistants, McKee
process presses.............. 38.5 18.50
18 - 8-48
In charge of sextuple fold­
ing machines.................. * 42.7 20.50
l 8 -8 -48
41.7 20.00
Single-color rotary 85-inch
lithographic presses...... . 43.8 21.00
8 -8 -48
41.7 20.00
Single-color rotary 64-inch
lithographic presses....... 37.5 18.00
8 -8 -48
35.4 17.00
Single-color semiautomatic
lithographic presses........ 43.8 21.00
41 7 20.00
8 -8 -48
4-color semiautomatic 85inch lithographic presses. 50.0 24.00 5l i
8 -8 -48
(6)
(6
)
Offset hand-feed litho­
graphic presses............... 39.6 19.00 »i|
8——
8 48
37.5 18.00
Offset lithographic presses
or single-color rotary
presses............................ 33.3 16.00 #11
8——
8 48
2-color rotary 64-inch or
medium-size rotary litho­
graphic presses............... 39.6 19.00 5U
8 -8 -48
37.5 18.00
3-color rotary 64-inch or off­
set single-color poster
lithographic presses........ 41.7 20.00 5 Ih
8 -8 -48
19.00
2-color flat-bed or front de­
livery l i t h o g r a p h i c
presses.......................... . 37.5 18.00 5U
8 -8 -48
35.4 17.00
Nos. 2 to 4J lithographic
presses
31.3 15.00 5U
8——
8 48
Nos. 2 to 4§ poster or Nos.
5or5^ l i t n o g r a p h i c
presses............................ 33.3 16.00 5H
8 -8 -48
Flat-bed lit h o g r a p h ic
presses............................ 29.2 14.00 5l|
8 -8 -48
Tension men, web presses.. M4.8 21.50 3i f
l 8 -8 -48
43.8 21.00
Platen presses.................... 26.0 12.50 3l|
i 8 -8 -48
25.0 12.00
Philadelphia, Pa. (competi­
tive offices):
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
92
inches or over..................
15.00
28.1 13.50
i 8 -8 -48
Cylinder presses less than
25 by 38 inches................ 25.0 12.00 5 1£
92
i 8 -8 -48
24.0 11. 50
92
Flat-bed perfecting presses. 31.3 15.00 5 li
i 8 -8 -48
30.2 14.50
1Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
2 Scale became 37.5 on June 1,1917.
3Double time after 5 hours.
4Scale became 43.8 cents on June 1,1917.
* Double time after midnight.
•No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
7Scale became 45.8 cents on June 1,1916.
8Scale became 27.1 cents on Oct. 1,1917.
9 For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.




8——
8 48
8 -8 -48

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -4 8
(6)
8——
8 48

8-8 -4 8
8——
8 48
8-8 -4 8

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -48
l 8 -8 -48
i 8 -8 -48
i 8 -8 -48

260
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESS FEEDERS—Continued.

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Full day; Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
Saturdays; urday Per week
Full week.
Full week. half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

north atlantic—concluded.

Philadelphia, Pa. (competi­
Regular
tive offices)—Concluded.
rate multi­
Press assistants, automatic Cents. Dolls. plied by—
Cents. Dolls.
feed flat bed................... 32.3 15.50 *1£ 8 2
30.2 14.50
«g .8 -48
Press assistants, rotary
33.3 16.00
31.3 15.00
•8 -8 -4 8
Presses, all sizes (females).. 22.9 11.00
20.8 10.00
8 8 -8 -48
Assistants, web rotary and
flat sheet presses............. 33.3 16.00
* 8 -8 -4 8
(4
)
(4
)
2-color flat-bed presses....... 31.3 15.00
* 8 -8 -4 8
(4
)
(4)
Philadelphia, Pa. (noncom­
petitive offices):
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
inches or over................. 31.3 15.00
29.2 14.00
9f-0 -48
Cylinder presses, less than
6 12 25.0 12.00
25 by 38 inches................ 27.1 13.00
9$— —
0 48
Flat-bed perfecting presses. 33.3 16.00
&H) -48 5 12 32.3 15.50
4-color wet proving presses. 32.3 15.50
9i-0 -48 5 12 31.3 15.00
Press assistants, automatic
feed or 2-color presses— 33.3 16.00
9*-0 -48 6 12 31.3 15.00
Press assistants, Rotogra­
vure presses................... 31.3 15.00
9^-0 -48 5 12 (4
)
(4
)
P r e s s assistants, rotary
presses, under 46 inches. 35.4 17.00
9|-0 -48 5 12 33.3 16.00
Press assistants, 2 flat bed,
1 or 2 color presses.......... 35.4 17.00
9$~0 -48 5 12 (4
)
(4
)
Press assistants, rotary
presses, under 69 inches.. 39.6 19.00
9J-0 -48 5 12 37.5 18.00
Press assistants, rotary
presses, 69 inches or over. 41.7 20.00
9*~0 -48 5 12 39.6 19.00
Press assistants, double
production McKee press. 41.7 20.00
9f-0 -48 5 12 (4
)
(4
)
Press assistants, single pro­
duction McKee press...... 40.6 19.50
9|-0 -48 5 12 0)
(4
)
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Cylinder presses or folder
feeders........................... . 29.2 14.00
27.1 13.00
8 8 -8 -48
Cylinder presses or folder
feeders (females)............ 22.9 11.00
20.8 10.00
s 8 -8 -48
Platen presses.......: .......... 20.8 10.00
18.8 9.00
8 8 -8 -48
Platen presses (females).. 18.8 9.00
16.7 8.00
8 8 -8 -48
Providence, R. I.:
Cylinder presses............... 27.1 13.00
25.0 12.00
3 8 -8 -48
Platen presses.................. 22.9 11.00
20.8 10.00
8 8 -8 -48
Rochester, N. Y.:
27.1 13.00
Cylinder presses.
22.9 11.00
8 8 -8 -48
20.8 10.00
Platen presses
18.8 9.00
3 8 -8 -48
Scranton, Pa.:
29.2 14.00
C
8 -8 -48
18.8 9.00
Platen presses
8 -8 -48
Springfield, Mass
25.0 12.00
8 -8 -48
Worcester, Mass
25.0 1 12.00
8 8 -8 -48
31.3 15.00
1 Double time after midnight.
2 For Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.
8 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
* Full holiday on Saturdays.
* Double time after 10 p. m.




* 8 -8 -4 8
*8 -8 -4 8
8 8 -8 -48
(4
)
(4
)
9|_0 -48
9f-0 -48
9|-0 -48
9f-0 -48
9£-0 -48
(4
)
9*-0 -48
(4
)
9f-0 -48
9§-0 -48
(4
)
(4
)
8 8 -8 -48
a 8 -8 -48
a 8 -8 -48
a 8 -8 -48
8 8 -8 -48
s 8 -8 -48
3 8 -8 -48
3 8 -8 -48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF L A B O R , M A Y 15 , 1917.
T able

261

A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESS FEEDERS—Continued.

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Kate of wages—
end­
ing
May
15,
Hours—
1917,
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Per
For Sinl­
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Per week over­
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
time.
holi­
day
days.
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

Geographical division and
city.

SO TH ATLAN
U
TIC.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Cylinder presses...............
Platen presses (females)..
Baltimore, Md.:
Cylinder presses...............
Platen presses..................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Cylinder presses...............
Platen presses..................
Richmond, Va....................
Washington, D. C.:
Cylinder presses.
Platen

Cents.
17.7
15.6

D olls.

8.50
7.50

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
li

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

Cents. Dolls.

29.2
20.8

14.00
10.00

1li
!1 i

* 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48

25.0
20.8
25.0

12.00
10.00
12.00

Hi
li

* 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

31.3
22.9

15.00
11.00

li
li

2 8 -8 -48
2 8 _8 -48

38.5

18.50

» li

a 8 -8 -48

36.5

17.50

2

8 -8 -4 8

29.2

14.00

3l i

2 8 -8 -48

27.1

13.00

2

8 -8 -4 8

38.5
27.1

18.50
13.00

» ii
8li

2 8 -8
2 8 -8

37.5
25.0

18.00
12.00

2 8 -8 -4 8
2 8 -8 - 4 8

47.9

23.00

8 li

a 8 -8 -48

45.8

22.00

28

-8 - 4 8

54.2

26.00

» li

2 8 -8 -48

52.1

25.00

28

■8 - 4 8

41.7

20.00

* li

1 9 .0 0

2 8 -8 - 4 8

44.8

21.50

« li

41.7

20.00

2

8 -8 - 4 8

45.8

22.00

S li

43.8

21.00

2

8 -8 - 4 8

49.0
26.0

23.50
12.50

8l i

46.9
24.0

22.50
11.50

2 8 -8 - 4 8
2 g -8 - 4 8

33.3

16.00

li

30.2

14.50

8 -8 - 4 8

12.00
8.50

2 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48

20. £ 10.00

8 -8 -48

25.0

17.7

N
ORTH CEN
TRAL.
Chicago, 111.:
Cylinder presses or handfeed folding machines---Cylinder presses less than
25 by 38 inches...............
Cylinder presses, patent
inside..............................
Colt and Universal presses.
2 automatic folding ma­
chines ........................... .
3 automatic folding ma­
chines ........................... .
Press assistants on single
rotary presses, or 1 handfeed lording machine, or
single automatic or sheet
feed rotary presses or 1
automatic folding ma­
chine or Cox Duplex
Comet and Goss flat-bed
presses or joggers............
Press assistants on 2-roll
Cottrell 96-page rotary
presses...........................
Press assistants on McKee
4-color presses, or oilers
and assistants on 2-roll
Cottrell 96-page, rotary
presses............................
Press assistants, tension
men, 2-roll Cottrell, 96page, rotary presses........
Platen presses...................
Cincinnati, Ohio: Cylinder
Cleveland, Ohio:
Cylinder presses, auto­
matic operator, 2-color

« li

a 8 -8 -48

2 8 -8 -48

2 8 -8 -48

8 -8 -48
435.4 17.00 ! l i
Cylinder presses, 34 inches
8 -S -48
or under......................... 527.1 13.00 1 li
1 Double time after midnight.
2 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
8 Double time, after 3 hours, Mondays to Fridays: on Saturdays after completion of 48-hour week.
* Scale became 39.6 cents for married men, and 37.5 cents for single men, on June 1, 1917.
5 Scale became 31.3 cents for married men. and 29.2 cents for single men, on June 1.1917.




262

B U L L E T IN

T a b l e A .— UNION

OF T H E BUREAU

O P L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S .

SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

P R I N T I N G A N D P U B L I S H I N G : B O O K A N D J O B — C o n tin u e d .
PRESS FEEDERS—Continued.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

For Hours—
Full day;
Per
For Sun­
Saturdays;
Per week over­ days
Full week.
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

n o r t h c e n t r a l —continued.

Cleveland, Ohio—Concluded.
Folder feeders, or cylinder Cents.
presses over 34 inches---- 133.3
Folder operators................ 39.6
Lithographic presses.......... 25.0
Lithographic presses (fe­
males)............................. 20.8
Platen presses.................... 525.0
Platen presses, Colt and
Universal........................ 27.1
Press assistants, platen

Dolls.
16.00
19.00
12.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
48 -8 -48

10.00
12.00

Rate of
wages—

Hours—
A
Full day;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
urday Per week
Full week.
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.

4 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

13.00

May 15,1916.

8 -8 -48

8 -8 -48
4 8 -8 -48
Columbus, Ohio................... 31.3
Davenport, Iowa, and Rock
Island and Moline, 111.:
8 -8 -48
31.3 15.00
Cylinder presses................ 33.3 16.00
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
18.8 9.00
Platen presses.................. . 20.8 10.00
8 -8 -48
Des Moines, Iowa:
Press assistants, cylinder
8 -8 -48
32.3 15.50
li
Press assistants, rotary or
8 -8 -48
automatic....................... 35.4 17.00
ii
Press assistants, folder
8 -8 -48
operators........................ 33.3 16.00
li
Detroit, Mich.:
Cylinder presses, over 62
(10)
9 (10)
inches............................. >39.6 19.00 9n
8|-4£-48
M
Cylinder presses, less than
8f-4£-48
12 27.1 13.00
31.3 15.00 •i*
25 by 38 inches................ H
8f-4i-48
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
12 31.3 15.00
35.4 17.00 9 ii
8*-4ir48
inches and over.'............. i2
8f-41—
48
(!0)
(10)
9 (10)
8J-41-48
Automatic Kelly presses... H31.3 15.00
81-4^-48
12 25.0 12.00
8|-4i-48
Platen presses................... 1329.2 14.00
2-color feed rotaries or
press assistants, 1 or 2
(10)
19.00 •11
8|-41-18
9 (!0)
color................................
(1 )
0
Press assistants, 2-color
and other double-ender
8|-41-48
12 33.3 16.00
8|-8i-48
presses ............................ 1^37.5 18.00 9l i
Sterling sheet-feed rotary
12 37.5 18.00
8|-8i-48
1541.7 20.00
81-41-48
(10)
(i°)
2 (1 )
9^-5 -52J
28.6 15.00 9it
l presses.
c
Lithographic presses..
0
Grand Rapids, Mich.: Cyl­
48 -8 -48
31.3 15.00 1 l i
25.0 12.00
48 -8 -48
6
inder presses............
1 Scale became 37.5 cents for married men, and 35.4 cents for single men, on June 1, 1917.
2 Double time after midnight.
8 Scale became 43.8 cents for married men, and 41.7 cents for single men, on June 1,1917.
4Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
6 Scale became 29.2 cents for married men, and 27,1 cents for single men, on June 1,1917.
c Scale became 31.3 cents for married men, and 29.2 cents for single men, on June 1,1917.
* Scale became 34.4 cents for married men, and 32.3 cents for single men, on June 1, 1917.
8 Scale became 41.7 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
» Double time after 5 hours.
No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
ii Scale became 33.3 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
ia Scale became 37.5 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
i* Scale became 31.3 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
h Scale became 39.6 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
1 Scale became 43.8 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
5
i®Double time after 10 p. m.




14.50
15.00

U N I O N S C A L E OP W A G E S A N D H O U E S O P L A B O R , M A Y 15 , 1911.

263

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESiS FEEDERS—Continued.
May 15,1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

NORTH c e n t r a l — continued.

For Hours—
Full day;
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays;
Per week over­
Full week.
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

R '*ular
eg
rate n
nulti-

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

^ 7
15,
Hours—
1917,
Full day;
Sat­
Per
Saturdays;
urday Per week
Full week.
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Indianapolis, Ind.:
Cents. Dolls.
Cents. Dolls. plied by—
Cylinder presses........ .
8 -8 -48
2
134.5 16.56
Pony presses...................... 328.3 13.56 2 i f
2
8 -8 -48
Kansas City, Mo.:
Cylinder presses, patent in­
8 -8 -48
35.4 17.00
2
8 -8 -4 8
side................................. 37.5 18.00 4li
29.2 14.00
8 -8 -48
Pony presses..................... 31.3 15.00 4li
2
8 -8 -48
Press assistants, cylinder
presses, 24 by 36 inches,
or over, or automatic-feed
cylinder presses, or ro­
2
8 -8 -48
33.3 16.00
tary presses.................... 35.4 17.00 * li
8 -8 -4 8
5 8 -8 -48
2
Platen presses................... 22.9 11.00 * li
(6)
(6)
(6
)
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
inches or over, or auto­
matic cylinder presses,
or folding machine oper­
ators or press assistants
2
s 8 -8 -48
and joggers..................... 734.9 16.75 8li
Cylinder presses, patent
2
5 8 -8 -48
insides............................ 38.0 18.25 8 li
2
5 8 -8 -48
Folding machine operators. 938.0 18.25 8l i
Cylinder presses, less than
2
5 8 -8 -48
25 by 38 inches............... 1026.6 - 12.75 8 1i
Operating 2 automatic fold­
5 8 -8 -48
ing machines.................. H44.3 21.25 81|
2
Minneapolis, Minn.:
12
2
1 9 -4 -48
3
12 28.0 13.44
Cylinder presses, all sizes.. 32.5 15.60 8 l i
1 3 9 _4 -48
12
2
1 9 _4 -48
3
Platen presses.................... 28.0 13.44 8 li
12 25.0 12.00
1 9 -4 -48
3
St. Louis, Mo.:
Aluminograph, 2 co lo r
8 -8 -48
2
presses or offset presses. 37.5 18.00 8l i
35.4 17.00
8 -8 -4 8
Cylinder presses, 24 by 36
inches or over or litho­
graphic presses over No.
2, or folding machines__ 35.4 17.00 8li
2
8 -8 -48
33.3 16.00
8 -8 -4 8
Cylinder presses, less than
24 by 36 inches or litho­
graphic presses No. 2 and
2
less.................................. 29.2 14.00 8l i
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -4 8
27.1 13.00
Two automatic feeders on
machines less than 24 by
36 inches......................... 46.9 22.50 8l i
2
8 -8 -48
44.8 21.50
8 -8 -4 8
Assistants, rotary web
8 -8 -48
presses............................ 45.8 22.00 8l i
2
43.8 21.00
8 -8 -4 8
1 Scale became 39.6 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
2 Double time, after 10 p. m. Mondays to Fridays; after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
3 Scale became 33.3 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
4 Double time after 9 p. m.
6 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
6No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
i Scale became 37.5 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
8 Double time after midnight.
» Scale became 40.6 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
io Scale became 29.2 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
ii Scale became 46.9 cents on Aug. 1,1917.
1 For Sundays and Labor Day; for New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-hall
8
is Hours total 49 per week, but 1 hour is paid for as overtime.




264

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRE£S FEEDERS—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

For Hours—
Full day;
Per
Saturdays;
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
Full week.
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

A

Sat­
Per
urday Per week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

n o r t h c e n t r a l —concluded.

St. Paul, Minn.:
Cylinder presses, over 36
inches, or folding ma­
chine, or joggers.............
Cylinder presses, less than
38 inches.........................
Cylinder presses, double
ender, over 38 inches......
Press assistants, rotary
presses............................
Wichita, Kans.:
Cylinder presses (commer­
cial) ................................
Cylinder presses (ready
print).............................
Platen presses...................
Platen presses (females)__

Cents. Dolls.
32.5

15.60

23.5

Regular
rate 1
nuttiplied! by—

C
ents. Dolls.

22

39 -4 -48

12 30.0

14.40

39 -4 -48

22

11.28

1i i

39 -4 -48

12 21.0

10.08

39 -4 -48

34.6

16.60

22

39 -4 -48

12 32.1

15.40

39 -4 -48

34.6

16.60

22

39 -4 -48

12 31.3

15.00

3 9 _4

1 14

_48

31.3

15.00

2

8 -8 -48

31.3
25.0
20.8

15.00
12.00
10.00

2
2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

28.1

13.50

8 -8 -48

33.3
31.3

16.00
15.00

n

2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

31.3
29.2

15.00
14.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

31.3

15.00

ii

2

8 -8 -48 J

28.1

13.50

8 -8 -48

29.2
31.3

14.00
15.00

4l i

52
62

8 -8 -48 1
8 -8 -48 !

27.1
18.8

13.00
9.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

29.2

14.00

4li

2

8^-41-48

12 27.1

13.00

82-4.1-18

30.2

14.50

4li

2

82-41-48

12 28.1

13.50

8—
2 41-48

34.4
21.9

16.50
10.50

4l i
4 li

2
2

8f-4]-48
82-41-48

12 32.3
12 19.8

15.50
9.50

8-1-41-48
82-41-48

28.1

13.50

li

2

68-8 -48

27.1

13.00

6 8 -8 -48

27.1
20.8
22.9

13.00
10.00
11.00

if
li

2
2
2

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

20.8
14.6
20.8

10.00
7.00
10.00

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

31.3

15.00

li

li

8 -8 -48

4H
4H

SOUTH CENTRAL.

Dallas, Tex.:
Cylinder presses................
Press assistants.................
Houston, Tex.: Cylinder
Presses...............................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Cylinder presses................
Platen presses....................
Louisville, Ky.:
Cylinder presses................
Operating 1 automatic
press...............................
Operating 2 automatic
presses............................
Platen presses...................
Memphis, Tenn.: Cylinder
presses...............................
Nashville, Tenn.:
Cylinder presses................
Cylinder presses (females).
Assistants, platen presses..
New Orleans, La.: Cylinder
presses. . . . . ................ .
WESTERN.

ii

li

1
1
Butte, Mont.:
8 -8 -48
2
Cylinder presses............... 37. 5 18.00
li
8 -8 -48 1
2
28.1 13. 50
Platen presses __
li
Denver, Colo.:
1
8 -8 -48 '
2
735.4 17.00 4 l i
Cylinder presses
........ !
8 -8 -48 j
2
Lithographic presses......... 33.3 16.00
li
1 Double time after 4 hours.
2 For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.
8 Hours total 49 per week, but 1 hour is paid for overtime.
* Double time after midnight.
.
®For Sundays, Labor Day, and Christmas; for Now Year’s Day, July 4, and Thanksgiving Day, time
and one-half.
« Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
7 Scale became 39.6 cents on Oct. 22,1917.




265

U K IO ’S SCALE OF W AGES AK D H O U E S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND H OURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRA D E , ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued!
PRESS FEEDERS—Concluded.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

For Hours—
Full day;
Sun­ Saturdays;
Per
For days
Per week over­
Full week.
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

w e s t e r n — concluded.

Los Angeles, Cal.:
Cylinder presses................
Platen presses....................
Universal presses...............
Portland, Oreg.:
Cylinder presses................
Platen presses...................
Salt Lake City, Utah: Cylin­
der presses or lithographic
presses...............................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Cylinder presses, or lithopresses............................
- Platen presses...................
Seattle, Wash.:
Cylinder presses................
Platen presses...................
Spokane, Wash.:
Cylinder presses................
Colt’s, Golding’s, or Uni­
versal presses..................
Platen presses................

C
ents. Dolls.

Begular
rate 1
nuttiplied by-

17.00
14.00
15.00

34.4
29.2

16.50
14.00

'i t

1 li

22
22

15.00

1 li

u

16. 50
13. 50

1l i
1 li

1’li

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

li
li

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

Cents. Dolls.

8 -8 -48

34.4
28.1

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

31.3

Rate of
wages—

A
Sat­
Per
urday Per week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

8 -8 -48 1
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

35.4
29.2
31.3

May 15, 1916.

35.4 17.00
30 2 14. 50

M i
1 li

I.1
,
1%

2
2

34.4

16. 50

1l i

2

14.00
13. 50

11 ,
7
113

2
2

8-8 -48
8 -8 -48

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

15.50
13.00

8 -8 -48

29.2
28.1

32.3
27.1
|
i
1

PRESSMEN: Cylinder.
j

NORTH ATLANTIC.




1
1
00

18.00

oc

i

O
O

Boston, Mass.:
84-4 1-48
2
Operating rotary presses... 59 .4 28 .50 1 li
12
Operating 1 or 2 cylinder
and platen presses.......... 4 7 .9 23.00 1 li
2
8 | -4 i-4 8
12
Operating 1 perfecting
12
2
press or 2-color press....... 5 0 .0 24.00 i U
82-41-48
Bridgeport, Conn.................. 4 3 .8 2 1.00
13
2
8 -8 -4 8
37 .5
Buffalo, N. Y.:
2
38 - 8 -4 8
3
3
4 1 .7
Operating 1 or 2 presses_
_ 4 3 .8 1 21 .00 1l i
2
4 5 .8
Operating duplex presses.. 4 7 .9 j4 23 .00 1 li
4S - 8 -4 8
3
Operating web or 2-color
2
&8 -S -4 8
presses............................ 5 4 .2 0 26.00 xl§
3 52 .1
Operating press,with auto­
6g - 8 _48
2
3 37.5
matic feeder................... 4 1 .7 6 20. 00 1 li
Operating
lithographic
o
7 8 - 8 -4 8
presses............................ 45. 8 22 .00
li
Operating lithographic off­
2
7 s - s -4 8
set presses....................... 57 .3 27. 50
li
Operating
lithographic
proving and transferring
7 8 - 8 -4 8
presses............................ 52.1 25.00 i u 1 2
1 Double time after midnight.
2 For Sundays; for holidays, time and one-half.
3 44 hours and $19.25 per week, June to August, inclusive.
4 44 hours and $21.08 per week, June to August, inclusive.
6 44 hours and $23.83 per week, June to August, inclusive.
6 44 hours and $18.33 per week, June to August, inclusive.
7 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.

5 25 .0 0

38 - 8
48 - 8
6 -8
8

6 18. 00

« S - 8 -4 8

3 20.00
4 22. 00

-4 8
-4 8
-4 8

266

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

P R IN T IN G A N D P U B L IS H IN G : B O O K A N D JO B —

Continued.

PRE.SSMEN: Cylinder-Continued.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

.n
orth

For Hours—
Full day;
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays;
Per week over­
Full week.
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

atlantic—continued.

Newark, N. J.:
Operating 2 - color web
presses............................
Operating 1 or 2 presses_
_
Operating 1 2-color press...
Operating 1 auto, 1 New
Era, or 1 Harris press
under 16 by 18...............
Operating
lithographic
presses Nos. 2 and 3, or
transferrers.....................
Operating
lithographic
rotary single-color presses
Operating
lithographic
offset presses.......... .......
Operating 1 3-color press...
Operating 2 automatic
presses............................
New Haven, Conn.:
_
Operating 1 or 2 presses_
ODerating offset presses_
_
Operating 1 2-color, or 1
auto press.......................
Operating
lithographic
rotary single-color presses
Operating
lithographic
multicolor, or more than
2-color presses................
Operating
lithographic
multicolor, or 2-color
presses............................
Operating
lithographic
offset presses..................
Operating
lithographic
proving or transferring
presses............................
New York, N. Y.:
Operating 4 single, or 2
double Kidder presses...
Operating 1 or 2 presses,
1 poster press 28 by 41
inches or over, 1 cylinder
and 3 platen presses,
second man on Cox du­
plex presses, 1 label press,
1 perfecting press, or 1
press with bronzing at­
tachment........................
Operating 1 offset press,
1 Cox duplex press, or
1 multi web ticket press.
Operating 1 sheet-feed ro­
tary, 1 flat-bed 2-color
press, 1 No. 22 2-color
Harris press 28 by 42, or
second man on web

Cents. Dolls.
67.7
52.1
54.2

32. 50
25.00
26.00

41.7

Reguiar
rate inultiplied by—
in

2
2
2

2 8 -8 -48
28 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48

2

20.00

1U

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

A

Sat­
Per
urday Per week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Cents. Dolls.

2 8 -8 -48

45.8

22.00

U

2

8 -8 -48

56.3

27.00

n

2

8 -8 -48

62.5
60.4

30.00
29.00

li

2
2

8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48

45.8

22.00

1u

2

2 8 -8 -48

43.8
52.1

21.00
25.00

3n

2
2

28 -8 -48
28 -8 -48

37.5
(4
)

18.00
(4
)

43.8

21.00

3li

2

2 8 -8 -48

(4
)

(4
)

56.3

27.00

2

2 8 -8 -48

83.3

40.00

li

2

28 -8 -48

68.8

33.00

li

2

2 8 -8 -48

62.5

30.00

li

2

28 -8 -48

45.8

22.00

li

2

2 8 -8 -48

52.1

25.00

“ li

2

2 8 -8 -48

54.2

26.00

3li

2

2 8 -8 -48

62.5

30.00

3li

2

2 8 -8 -48

2
2 8 -8 -48
58.3 28.00
1 Double time after 10 p. m., Mondays to Fridays; after 6 p. m. on Saturdays.
2Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
3 Double time after 10 p. m.
4 No scale in effect on May 15, 1916.




Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

8 -8 -48
(4
)
(4)

u n io n

scale

of w ag es a n d

h o tjk s o f

15, 1911.

labor, m a y

267

T ab le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AN D HOURS OF LA B O R IN EACH

TR A D E , ETC.—Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB— Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder—Continued.
May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

Mos.
May 15, 1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; SatFull day;
Per
Saturdays; urdav Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

n o r t h a t l a n t i c —continued.

New York, N. Y.—Contd.
Operating web single-roll
46 inches or over, web
single-roll with color at­
tachment, or men in
charge of web presses 46
inches or under, or 3 or 4
color process presses 46
inches or under...............
Operating 3 or 4 color pro­
cess web presses over 46
inches, or men in charge
of double-roll web presses
over 46 inches.................
Operating web magazine
presses with 2 feeders
and wire stitcher............
Operating single-roll web
presses, under 46 inches,
or web rotary, roll 46
inches or under..............
In charge of double-roll
web presses with color
attachment.....................
Operating 3 small cylinder
presses............................
Operating double-sheetfeed rotary presses..........
Operating 3-color Sterling
presses............................
Operating 4-color Sterling
presses............................
Operating McKee or multi­
color process presses.......
Operating
Cartwright
presses............................
Operating 1 2-color Harris
press 15 by 18 inches.......
Operating 1 2-color Harris
press 22 by 28 inches.......
Operating 2 2-color Harris
presses 15 by 18 inches...
Operating
lithographic
presses Nos. 3, 3i, 4,
and 4J.............................
Operating
lithographic
presses No. 5 or 5i..........
Operating
lithographic
single-color rotary presses
Operating
lithographic
poster presses..................
Operating lithographic off­
set or single-color rotary
presses over 64 inches_
_
Operating
lithographic
2-color presses................
Operating
lithographic
multicolor presses..........
Assistants, web brakemen
and tension men.............
Assistants, web oilers and
utility men.....................

Cents. Dolls.
72.9

35.00

77.1
78.1

R ular
eg\
rate 7nultii
plied by —
M i

2

37.00

M i

2

2 8 -8 -48

37. 50

*1*

2

28 -8 -48

68. 8 33.00

1li

2

2 8 -8 -48

79.2

38.00

M i

2

28 -8 -48

52.1

25.00

M i

2

2 8 -8 -48

68.8

33.00

M i

2

2 s -8 -48

66.7

32.00

M i

2

28 — —
8 48

!

75.0

36.00

M i

2

2 8 -s -48

1

76.0

36. 50

M i

2

2 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48

2 s -8 -48

|
!

j
i
i

45.8

22. 00

M i

2

50.0

24.00

1li

2

54. 2 26.00

M i

2

28 -8 -48, ........ .

27.00

M i

2

2 8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

!
|

. . I

1
i

1

56.3

50. 0 24. 00

li

2

54.2

26.00

li

2

27.00

li

2

29.00

li

2

8 -8 -48

62.5

30.00

li

2

8 -8 -48

68.8

33.00

li

2

8 -8 -48

83.3

40.00

li

2

8 -8 -48

44.8

21. 50

3li

2

2 8 -8 -48

|

8 -8 -48

60.4

j

8 -8 -48

56.3

39.6 19.00 * i i
2
2 8 -8 -48
1 Double time after 10 p. m. 2 Heurs vary, but total 48 per week.




Cents. Dolls.

2 8 -8 -48

43.8

21.00

2 8 -8 -48

3 Double time after 5 hours.

268

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

P R IN T IN G A N D P U B L IS H IN G : B O O K A N D JO B —

Continued.

PRESSMEN: Cylinder—Continued.

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

n o r t h a t l a n t i c —continued.

For Hours—
Full day;
Sun­
Per
Saturdays;
For days
Per week over­
Full week.
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15,1916.
Rate of
wages—

191*,
Sat­
Per
urday Per week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Regular

rate multi­
Philadelphia, Pa. (competi­
Cents. Dolls.
Cents. Dolls. plied by—
tive offices):
57.3 27.50
* 8 -8 -4 8
In charge of web presses... 59.4 28.50 M i *2
In charge of 2-color flat-bed
presses with automatic
54.2 26.00
* 8 -8 -4 8
27.00 M i 22
feeders.............................
Operating flat-bed perfect­
ing presses with auto­
*8 -8 -4 8
52.1 25.00
matic feeders.................. 54.2 26.00 Mi 22
Operating flat-bed perfect­
ing presses...................... 50.0 24.00 M i 22
* 8 -8 -48
47.9 23.00
Operating 1 cylinder and
3 platen presses or 2 flat­
45.8 22.00
* 8 -8 -4 8
bed presses..................... 47.9 23.00 M i
Operating 1 or 2 presses
with automatic feeders.. 52.1 25.00 M i 22
*8 -8 -4 8
50.0 24.00
Operating 3 Harris presses. 45.8 22.00 M i 22
* 8 -8 -48
43.8 21.00
22
Operating 2 Adams presses. 41.7 20.00 M i
* 8 -8 -4 8
39.6 19.00
Overlay cutters.................. 43.8 21.00 M i 22
* 8 -8 -4 8
Philadelphia, Pa. (noncom­
petitive offices):
In charge of rotary web
presses with more than
1 printing roll 60 inches
and over, or flat-sheet
rotary, 4-color McKee
presses double product,
or rotary 7 or more color
presses printing both
sides of sheet.................. 76.0 36.50
9|-0 -48
In charge of flat-sheet ro­
tary 4-color McKee
presses, single product,
or rotary web presses, 69
inches or over, or rotary
web Cottrell presses,
46 inches......................... 72.9 35.00
9f-0 -48 6 12
In charge of rotary web
presses, 46 inches, flat
delivery, or r o t a r y
presses, 2 or more colors
9s~0 -48 5 12
on one side of sheet........ 67.7 32.50
In charge of flat sheet ro­
tary presses, color work.. 66.7 32.00
9f-0 -48 5 12
In charge of rotary web
presses, 46 inches or un­
der. or 2 flat-bed presses
with automatic feeders,
color work, or 4-color wet
proving presses, or sec­
9|-0 -48 5 12
ond pressman................ 62.5 30.00
Operating 2 flat - bed
presses, without auto­
9|-0 -48 5 12
matic feeders.................. 52.1 25.00 M i
Overlay and matrix cutters 50.0 24.00 <12
93-0 -48 6 12 47.9 23.00
92-0 -48 5 12
In charge of intaglio presses 54.2 26.00 M i
1 Double time after midnight.
3 For New Year’ s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.
3 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* Double time after 10 p. m.
fc Full holiday on Saturdays.




Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

* 8 -8 -4 8
*8 -8 -4 8
*8 -8 -4 8
* 8 -8 -48
* 8 -8 -48
*8 -8 -4 8
* 8 -8 -4 8
*8 -8 -48

9|-0 -48

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U B S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 191’7.

269

T a b l e A .— U N IO N SCALE OF W A G E S A N D H OURS OF LAB O R IN EACH
TR A D E , ETC.— Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB— Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder—Continued.
May 15, 1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

For Hours—
Full day;
Per
Sun­
For days
Saturdays;
Per week over­
Full w eek.
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

A
Sat­
Per
urday Ter week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

north atlantic—continued.

Philadelphia, Pa. (noncom­
petitive offices)—Concld.
Regular
Operating
lithographic
rate rnulti,
flat-bed presses No. 2 or Cents. Dolls. plied 6y—
Cents. Dolls.
3, provers or transferrers. 45.8 22.00
18 -8 -48 !
2
u
Operating
lithographic
flat-bed presses, No. 3i
or 4|................................
24.00
2
18 -8 -48 ........
ii
Operating
lithographic
1
rotary or flat-bed presses,
No. 5 or 5i...................... 52.1 25.00
11
2
18 -8 -48 :........
Operating
lithographic
offset presses, 28 by 34
11
inches............................. 56.3 27.00
2
l 8 -8 -48 . . .
Operating
lithographic
offset presses, 28 by 42 to
34 by 44 inches............... 62.5 30.00
2
1 8 -8-48 ........
li
Operating
lithographic
offset presses, 38 by 52
inches, or 2-color rotary
press............................... 72.9 35.00
2
1S — — , .
8 48
H
Operating
lithographic
offset presses, 44 by 64
inches............................. 83.3 40.00
l s -s -4 8 ............
2
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Operating 2 presses, or
1 cylinder and 2 platen
l g
-48 i........ 43. 8 21.00
presses............................ 45 8 22. 00 2 11
2
Operating 2 Harris auto­
i
matic presses.................. 52.1 25.00 * 1 }
2
1S -S -4 8 1............ 46.9 22.50
In charge of 2 cylinder and
and platen presses.......... 52.1 25.00 2li
2
1 S - 8 -4 8 :............ 50.0 24.00
In charge of 3 cylinder and
2
platen presses................. 56.3 27.00 2 U
1 8 - 8 - 4 8 ;............ 54. 2 26. 00
Operating
lithographic
l S - 8 -4 8 |............
flat-bed presses............... 45.8 22.00
li
Operating
lithographic
|
2
i § _g _48 |
........
1}
offset presses.................. 52 .1 25 .00
i s - 8 -4 8 '............
Providence, R. I ............ .
41.7 20.00 3
2
1'.'. 00
Rochester, N. Y.:
1
l s _s -48 1
........
2
Operating 1 or 2 presses— <43.8 21.00
Operating lithographing
i
2
8 -S -48 1
........
transferring presses........ 50.0 24.00
ii
Operating
lithographic
2
offset presses................... 62.5 30.00 ! 1}
........
8 -8 -48 1
1
Operating
lithographic
2
S -8 -48 !____
single rotary presses....... 52.1 25.00
li
1
Operating
lithographic
rotary 2-color presses...... 62.5 30.00
2
S - 8 -4 8
li
Operating
lithographic
1
rotary 3-color presses...... 72.9 35.00
2
8 -8 —
48
li
Operating
lithographic
l
rotary 4-color presses___ 83.3 40.00
2
8 -S -4 8
li
............i...............
Operating
lithographic
I
2
rotary 5-color presses. .. 104.2 50.00
8 - 8 -4 8
li
........ !..........
Operating
lithographic
i
proving presses.............. 54.2 26.00 i li
2
8 - 8 -4 8
1 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
2 Double time after midnight, and on Saturday after 5 p. m.
3 Double time after midnight.
* Scale became 45.8 cents on Nov. 1,1917.




1 8 -8

-48

i 8 —
8

—
48

i g _g -48
i 8 -8

-48

1 8 - 8 -4 8

270

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

P R I N T I N G A N D P U B L I S H I N G : B O O K A N D J O B — C o n tin u e d .
PRESSMEN: Cylinder—Continued.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For Hours—
Full day;
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays;
Per week over­
Full week.
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

A

Sat­
Per
urday Per week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

NORTH ATLANTIC— c o n c lu d e d .

Scranton, Pa.:
Operating 1 2-color or 1 3color press, or 1 or 2 2color Harris presses........
Operating 2 presses, or 1 or
2 Harris presses, or 2 au­
tomatic and 1 hand-feed
press, or 1 press with
automatic feeder........... .
Springfield, Mass................
Worcester, Mass...................

Cents. Dolls.
52.1

25.00

45.8
41.7
43.8

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
Mi

2

8 -8 -4 8

22.00
20.00
21.00

Mi

n

2
2
2

8 -8 -4 8
8 -8 -48
• 8-8-48

34.4
37.5

16.50
18.00

n

2
2

88 -8 -48
3 8 -8 -4 8

43.8

21.00

2

8 8 -8 -48

50.0

24.00

36.5

17.50

C Dolls.
ents.

37.5

*8 -8 -48

SOUTH ATLANTIC.

Atlanta, Ga.:
Operating 1 press..........
Operating 2 presses.......
Baltimore, Md.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses---Operating 1 or 2 single or 1
double-cylinder press, or
12-color press, or 1 single­
cylinder and 2 platen
presses, or 1 web rotary
magazine press...............
Charleston, S. C.: Operating
1 or 2 presses......................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Operating 1or 2 presses......
Operating Harris and auto­
matic presses..................
In charge of cylinder and

ii

2
Mi

88 -8 -48

42

» 8 -8 -48

43.8

21.00

Mi

2

41.7

20.00

Mi

2

8 8 -8 -48

52.1

25.00

Mi

2

8 8 -8 -48

O
O
1
0
0
1
O
O

Richmond/Va.: Operating i
29.2 14.00
or 2 presses........................ 33.3 16.00
8 -8 -48
ii
li
Washington, D. C.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses, 68
inches or under............... 47.9 23.00 M i
41.7 20.00
2
Operating 1 press over 68
24.00 M i
41.7 20.00
inches........................... . 50.0
2
8 8 -8 -48
Operating 1 sheet-feed ro­
2
tary, or 1 2-color press__ 54.2 26.00 M i
88 -8 -48
(6)
(6)
Operating 1 offset press----- 58.3 28.00 M i
2
88 -8 -48
(6)
(6)
Operating web book and
magazine presses............ 62.5 30.00 M i
2
58.3 28.00
a8 -8 -48
Second man on web book
and magazine presses_
_ 50.0 24.00 M i
2
45.8 22.00
88 -8 -48
Third man on web book
2
and magazine presses_
_ 47.9 23.00 M i
41.7 20.00
88 -8 -48
Operating
lithographic
2
flat-bed press No. 2......... 45.8 22.00
8 -8 -48
li
Operating
lithographic
rotary presses 32 by 48
2
inches............................. 56.3 27.00
8 -8 -48
li
i Double time after midnight.
* Double time after 10 p. m.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
4 For Sundays; for holidays, regular rate.
» Double time after 10 p. m., Mondays to Fridays; after 6 p. m.on on Saturdays.
8No scale in effect on May 15,1916.




s 8 -8 -48

8 -8 -48

8 -8 -4 8
8 8 -8 -48
88 — —
8 48
(6)
(6)
88 -8 -48
88 -8 -48
88 -8 -48

271

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1917.
T a b l e A . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

P R IN T IN G A N D P U B L IS H IN G : B O O K A N D JO B —

Continued.

PRESSMEN: Cylinder—Continued.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city

For Hours—
Full day;
Per
Saturdays;
For SunPer week over­
. Full week.
hour. full time. and
time.
holi-

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

191*,
Sat­
Per
urday Per week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

s o u t h a t l a n t i c —concluded.

Washington, D. C.—Concld.
Operating
lithographic
rotary presses 40 by 64
inches or offset presses...
Operating
lithographic
transferring presses........
Operating
lithographic
proving presses..............

Cents. Dolls.
62.5

30.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
li

2

8 -S -48

50.0

24.00

1i

2

8 -8 -48

45.8

22.00

li

2

Cents. Dolls.

8 -8 -48

NORTH CENTRAL

Chicago, 111.:
Operating 2 single, 1double
or 2 automatic presses, 1
2-color Harris press, 1
multicolor ticket or 2
Kidder ticket presses, 3
patent inside blank
presses, 1 press larger
than 28 by 42 inches, and
3 platen presses.............. 54.2 26.00 Jli
2 8 -8 -48
52.1 25.00
Operating 1 single roll
rotary web press............. 59.4 28.50
28 -8 -48
56.3 27.00
Operating 1 Goss flat-bed,
1 Cox duplex, or 3-color
process presses................
28.50
‘ ii
Operating 1 double-cylin­
der sheet-feed rotary
press............................... 60.4 29.00 1 ii
28 -8 -48
28.50
Operating 1press not larger
than 28 by 42 inches and
3 platen presses............. 47.9 23.00 1 li
2 8 -8 -48
45.8 22.00
Operating 2-roll magazine
rotarypress, second man. 58.3 28.00 1 i i
28 -8 -48
54.2 26.00
In charge of 2-roll magazine
rotary press, or on 2-roll,
Cottrell, 96-page press__ 64.6 151.00 1 li
8 8 -8 -48
Operating 2 Kelly, 2 Osterlind, 2 Stakes & Smith’ s
auto presses, 1press with
Upham attachment, or 1
double flat-bed 2-color
press............................... 54.2 26.00 1 l i
28 -8 -48
(3
)
(3
)
Operating 1 double-roll
rotary press, or one 2color rotary press........... 64.6 31.00 xli
2 8 -8 -48
61.5 29.50
Operating 3 or more color
rotary presses................. 67.7 32.50 » l i
2 8 -8 -48
61.5 29.50
Operating 2-roll Cottrell
rotary, or McKee 4-color
presses............................ 77.1 37.00 * li
28 -8 -48
75.0 36.00
Operating one 2-color Hoe
rotary press over 57
inches, or 1-roll Hoe ro­
tary magazine press with
stitcher and cross-feeder
attachment..................... 77.1 37.00 1li
2 8 -8 -48
(3
)
(■)
1Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturdays after completion of 48-hour week.
2 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
®No scale in effect on May 15,1916.




2 8 -8- 48
2 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48
2 8 -8 -48

2 8 — -*48
8
2 8 -8 -48

(3
)
2 8 -8 -4 8
2 8 -8 -48

* 8 -8 -4 8

(8
)

272

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A , — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

P R IN T IN G A N D P U B L IS H IN G : B O O K A N D JO B —

Continued.

PR ESSM EN : Cylinder—Continued.

May 15,1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

For Hours—
Full day;
Sun­
Per
For days
Saturdays;
Per week over­
Full week.
hour. full time. and
holi­
time.
days.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

A
SatPer
urday Per week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

Hours—
Full day;
Saturdays;
Full week.

n o r t h c e n t r a l —continued.

Chicago, 111.—Concluded.
Operating l r o l ] rotary

press, over 57 inches, or 1
Regular
Scott rotary p:
rate multior 1 roll
Cents. Dolls. plied by—
Cents. Dolls.
Goss rotary press............ 64.6 31.00 M i
2
2 9 -8 -48
(3
)
(3
)
Operating 1 or 2 color
double impression, 2
sheets to 1 cylinder.
62.5 30.00 M i
2
28 -8 -48
(3
)
(3)
Operating 13 -color Kidder
2
28 -8 -48
press............................... 61.5 29.50 M i
(3
)
(3
)
Operating 12-color Kidder
2
28 -8 -48
press............................... 59.4 28.50 M i
(s)
(3)
Operating lithographing
proving or transferring
presses, or stone presses
2
Nos. 2 and 3................... 45.8 22.00
8f-4£-48
12
li
Operating
lithographic
2
offset presses................. 54.2 26.00
8f-4i-48
12
li
Operating
lithographic
stone presses Nos. 5 and
2
8|-4i-48
12
5i.................................. 56.3 27.00
li
Operating
lithographic
rotary presses, or offset
2
12
presses 28 by 34 inches... 58.3 28.00
81-41-48
li
Operating
lithographic
li
2
2-color press.................. 66.7 32.00
12
81-41-48
Operating lithographic
offset presses 28 by 52
ii
2
8f-4i-48
12
inches........................... 72.9 35.00
Operating
lithographic
offset presses 44 by 64
2
12
inches........................... 83.3 40.00
82-41-48
li
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Operating 1 rotary web
2
8 -8 -48
58.3 28.00
press, first position....... 59.9 28.75
li
Operating 1 double cylin­
der or 2-color press, over
2
53 inches....................... 57.8 27.75
54.2 26.00
8 -8 -48
li
52.1 25.00
2
8 -8 -48
Operating 4 bag presses—
55.7 26.75
li
Operating 2 single presses,
2
47.9 23.00
over 53 inches................ 54.7 26.25
8 -8 -48
li
Operating 1perfecting press
or 2 single-roll presses
under 53 inches, or 1 cyl­
2
8 -8 -48 ........ 45.8 22.00
inder and 3 platen presses 47.4 22.75
li
Operating 1 single color
darns
38.0 18.25
2
35.4 17.00
m ' press
8 -8 -48
li
Operating 1 2-color Harris
2
39.6 19.00
press............................... 43.2 20.75
8 -8 -48
li
Operating 1 double-cylin­
der or 2-color press under
2
50.0 24.00
53 inches......................... 54.7 26.25
8 -8 -48
li
Operating
lithographic
presses............................ 45.8 22.00
12
2
81-41-48
li
i Double time after 3 hours, and on Saturdays after completion of 48-hour week.
a Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* No scale in effect on May 15,1916.




(*)
(3
)
(3)
(3
)

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1911.
T a b le A .— UNION

SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

P R IN T IN G A N D P U B L IS H IN G : B O O K A N D JO B —

Continued.

PRESSMEN: Cylinder—Continued.

Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
May

May 15, 1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For Hours—
Full day;
Per
Saturdays;
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
Full week.
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

May 15, 1916.
Rate of
wages—

A

Sat­
Per
urday Per week
half hour. full
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

n o r t h c e n t r a l —continued.

Cleveland, Ohio:
Operating 1 or 2 presses,
ents,
pony presses 24 by 36 C
inches or unler.............. 43.8
Operating 1 flat-bed press,
or 1 rotary press, or 1 2color press...................... 47.9
Assistants on patent in­
sides............................... 38.5
Operating
lithographic
presses Nos. 3 and 3J___ 50.0
Operating
lithographic
presses Nos. 4 and 4i...... 52.1
Operating
lithographic
presses Nos. 5 and 5f...... 54.2
Operating
lithographic
rotary presses................. 57.3
Operating
lithographic
olfset presses.................. 62.5
Operating
lithographic
transferring presses........ 58.?
Columbus, Ohio:
Operating 12-cylinder press 342.7
Operating 1 cylinder and
2 platen presses.............. * 44.8
Davenport, Iowa, Moline
ana Rock Island, 111.:
Operating 1 press............... 43.8
Operating 1 cylinder and 2
platen presses, or 2 cylin­
der presses.................... .
Des Moines, Iowa:
Operating cylinder presses. 43.8
Operating rotary presses... 47.9
Detroit, Mich.:
Operating 2 presses........... 5 4 7 .9
Operating 1 3-color Ster­
ling press....................... 7 5 8 .3
Operati]

Dolls.

Regular
rate multiplied by—

23.00

in

18.50

114

24.00

ii

28 -8 -48

25.00

ii

2 8 -8 -48

26.00

ii

2 8 -8

27.50

ii

2 8 -8 -48

30.00

ii

2 8 -8

28.00

ii

2 8 -8 -48

20.50

28 -8 -48

21.50

1 li
Jii

21.00

ii

8 -8 -48

23.50

ii

8 -8 -48

21.00
23.00

ii
ii

8 -8 -48
8 -8 -48

23.00

6 ii

82-41-48

12 43.8

6 ii

82-41-48

12

8f-4{—
48
82-41-48

9
9

(9)
(9)

82-41-48

9

(9
)

82-4J-48
8|-4|-48

9
9

(9
)
(9)

9i-5 -52i

2

(9
)

21.00

28.00

1 li

50.0 24.00 6ii
Operating 1 Standard press 1037.5 18.00 6ii
Operating 1 Kelly, 1 auto,
or 1 Harris press.............u41.7 20.00 6li
Operating 1 double-roll
2
rotary press.................... 1 52.1 25.00 •li
Assistants on color presses. i3
45.8 22.00 6li
Operating
lithographic
presses Nos. 3£ ana 4i,
shops A .......................... 45.7 24.00
Operating
lithographic
presses Nos. 3i ana 4J,
shops B .......................... I 50.0 24.00
1 Double time after midnight.
•Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
• Scale became 49 cents on June 1,1917.
4 Scale became 51 cents on June 1,1917.
• Scale became 50 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
6 Double time after 5 hours.
7 Scale became 60.4 cents on Sept. 1,1917.

62373°—19— Bull. 245-




273

-18

2

Cents. Dolls.
41.7

20.00

8 -8 -48

45.8

22.00

8 -8 -48

36.5

17.50

8 -8 -48

28 -8
41.7
22.50

21.00

82-41-48
2
(9)
8 Scale became 52.1 cents on Sept; 1,1917.]
0 No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
m Scale became 39.6 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
1 Scale became 43.8 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
1
1 Scale became 54.2 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
2
m Scale became 47.9 cents on Sept. 1,1917.

274

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

P R I N T I N G A N D P U B L I S H I N G : B O O K A N D J O B — C o n tin u e d .
PRESSM EN: Cylinder—Continued.

May 15,1917.
Rate of wages—
Geographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
holi­
time.
day
pre-‘
vailed

n o r t h c e n t r a l — continued.

Detroit, Mich.—Concluded.
Operating
lithographic
offset press, 19 by 25
inches.............................
Operating
lithographic
offset press, 20 by 30
inches.............................
Operating
lithographic
offset press, 28 by 42
inches.............................
Operating
lithographic
transferring p r e s s e s ,
shops A ..........................
Operating
lithographic
transferring p r e s s e s ,
shops B .........................
O p eratin g

lith o g ra p h ic

proving presses...............
Grand Rapids, Mich.............
IndianapcjUs, Ind.:
Operating 1 or 2 cylinder,
or 1 auto press..................
Operating 1 rotary web
press...............................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Operating 1 press, 24 by 36
inches or under, or 2
presses, 24 by 36 inches
or under, under a fore­
man................................
Operating 1press, 38 by 56
inches or under..............
Operating 1press, 24 by 36
inches or under and 2
platen presses.................
In charge of 2 or more

Cents. Dolls.

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

52.1

25.00

54.2

6.00

li

57.1

30.00

47.6

li

2

8f_4i_48

0)

0)

83-4^48

(l)

C)
1

li

9J-5 -52i

C)
1

0)

25.00

li

9§-5 -52J

41.9

22.00

li

P
3
Oj— /IQ

52.1

25.00

52.1
43.8

25.00
21.00

38 -8 -48

<47.5

22.80

8 -8 -48

854.8 26.30

8 -8 -48

22.00
49.0
37.5

23.50
18.00

43.8

21.00

7li

8 -8 -48

41.7

20.00

45.8

22.00

7li

8 -8 -48

43.8

21.00

47.9

23.00

7li

8 -8 -48

45.8

22.00

56.3

27.00

7li

8——
8 48

54.2

26.00

Operating 1 press, 38 by 56
inches, or 2-color press or
double-ender press, or 2
presses under a foreman.. 50.0 24.00 7li
8 -8 -48
Operating 1 double-roll
rotary press.................... 55.2 26.50 7li
8 -8 -48
Operating 2 presses, 24 by
36 inches or under.......... 56.3 27.00 7li
8 -8 -48
Operating 1 press, over 24
1by 36inches, and 2platen
56.3 27.00 7li
8 -8 -48
Operating
lithographic
rotary, or offset or stone
bed, or transferring
45.8 22.00
8 -8 -48
li
i No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
8 Double time after 10 p. m.
8 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* Scale became 52.1 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
6 Double time after 10 p. m., Mondays to Fridays; after 5 p. m.
« Scale became 59.4 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
7 Double time after midnight.




Cents. Dolls.

47.9

23.00

53.1

25.50

47.9

23.00

0)

C)
1

on Saturdays.

U1STI0N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le A .— UNION

275

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

P R IN T IN G A N D P U B L IS H IN G : B O O K A N D JO B —

Continued.

PRESSM EN: Cylinder— Continued.

May 15,1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.
Per
For
Per week over­
hour. full time.
time.

For
Sun­
days
and
holi­
days.

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

n o r t h c e n t r a l —continued.

Milwaukee, Wis.:
Operating 2 presses or 3
patent inside blanket
presses............................
Operating
lithographic
presses, 24 by 36 inches...
Operating
lithographic
presses, 29 by 43, or 33 by
501 inches.......................
Operating
lithographic
rotary presses, 29 by 44,
or 41 by 63 inches, or off-

Cents. Dolls.
50.0

24.00

41.7

20.00

45.8

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

22.00

111

2

11

28 -8 -

47.9

23.00

2

52.1 25.00
2
Operating lithographic,
2-color, rotary presses__ 62.5 30.00
2
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses__ 45.0 21.60
42.5 20.40
32
Operating 3 presses........... 50.0 24.00
32
47.5 22.80
Omaha, Nebr.: Operating 1
or 2 presses........................
37.5 18.00
li
Peoria, 111.:
Operating 1 cylinder and 2
platen presses, or man in
charge of 2 cylinder
639.6 19.00 M l
! -48
37.5 18.00
In charge of 3 presses........ 743.8 21.00 1 11
! -48
41.7 20.00
In charge of 4 presses........ 847.9 23.00 M l
! -48
45.8 22.00
In charge of more than 4
resses............................ 954.2 26.00 M l
52.1 25.00
! -48
ouis; Mo.:
Operating 1 press..............
'. 6 19.00 M l
i -48
37.5 18.00
Operating 2 presses under
24 by 36 inches, or 1 press
under 24 by 36 inches
and 2 platen presses, or 1
' single Harris press 15 by
18 inches, or 1 cylinder
press under 24 by 36
inches and 1 platen press
with automatic feeder,
or 1 auto press................ 43.8 21.00
* -8 -48
41.7 20.00
Operating I press over 24
by 36 inches and 1 or 2
pfaten presses, or 1 press
over 24 by 36 inches and
1 press with automatic
feeder, or 1 auto press or
2 platen presses.............. 47.9 23.00
J-48
45.8 22.00
Operating 1 Harris press,
15 by 18 inches or under,
and 2 platen presses....... 49.0 23.50
I -48
46.9 22.50
1 Double time after midnight.
2 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
8 For New Year's, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days, time and one-half.
* Hours total 49 per week, but 1 hour is paid for as overtime.
6 Double time after midmght, Mondays to Fridays; after 5 p. m. on Saturdays.
6 Scale became 41.7 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
1Scale became 45.8 cents on Sept. 1, 1917.
8 Scale became 50 cents on Sept. 1,1917.
•Scale became 56.3 cents on Sept-1,1917.

£




* 8 -8 -4 8

* 9 -4 -48
<9 -4 -48

8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8
8 -8

-48
-48
-48
-48
-48

8 -8 -48

8 -8 -48
8 - 8 -4 8

276

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.
P R I N T I N G A N D P U B L I S H I N G : B O O K A N D J O B — Continued.
PR ESSM EN ; Cylinder—Continued.

Mos.
May 15,1916.
dur­
ing
year
Rate of
Rate of wages—
end­
wages—
ing
May
Geographical division and
15,
Hours—
city.
1917,
For Hours—
Full day;
Full day;
Sun­ Saturdays; Sat­
Per
Per
For
Saturdays;
urday Per week
Per week over­ days
Full week. half hour. full
Full 'week.
hour. full time. arid
holi­
time.
holitime.
day
pre­
vailed
May 15,1917.

n o r t h c e n t r a l — continued.

St. Louis, Mo.—Concluded.
Operating 1 double rotary
press, second position, or
1 press over 68 inches, or
1 double-roll perfecting
press, or 2 presses over
24 by 36 inches, or 1press
under 24 by 36 inches,
and 1 automatic press or
1 2-color press, or 1
2-color Harris press 15 by
18 inches or under, or 2
single Harris presses 15
by 18 inches or under, or
1 press over 24 by 36
inches, or 1 single Harris
press 15 by 18 inches or
under.............................
Operating 1 single or double
roll rotary press............
Operating 1 press over 24
by 36 inches and 1 auto
press, or 1 2-color Harris
press over 15by 18inches,
or 2 auto presses........... .
Operating
lithographic
offset press, 20 by 30
inches........................... .
Operating
lithographic
offset press, 28 by 34
inches........................... .
Operating
lithographic
offset press, 34 by 48
inches.............................
Operating
lithographic
stone bed presses, Nos. 2
and 3..............................
Operating
lithographic
stone-bed presses, Nos. 3i
and 5..............................
Operating
lithographic
transferring presses........
St. Paul, Minn.:
In charge of triple rotary
presses............................
In charge of double rotary

Cents. Dolls.
51.0

24.50

57.3

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—

Cents. Dolls.

xl i

8 -8 -48

27.50

1 li

S -8 -48

56.3

27.00

Ui

8 -8 -48

54.2

26.00

8 -8 -48

54.2

26.00

» li

8 -8 -48

58.3

28.00

8 -8 -48

62.5

30.00

Jii

8 -8 -48

66.7

32.00

45.8

22.00

in

56.3

27.00

jij

2

8 -8 -48

52.1

25.00

1 li

2

8 -S -48

62.5

30.00

2H

32

4 9 -4 -48

60.4

29.00

49 -4 -48

56.3

27.00

> ii

32

i 9 -4 _4,s

54.2

26.00

49 — —
4 48

49.0

23.50

8 -S -48

In charge of single rotary
presses............................ 52.1 25.00 s n
32
<9 4 -48
50.0 24.00
32
Operating 2 single presses.. 45.8 22.00 21§
4 -48
43.8 21.00
Operating 1 single and 1
double press................... 51.0 24.50 2 li
32
<9 -4 -48
49.0 23.50
Operating
lithographic
2
stone bed or offset presses 52.1 25.00
Sf-41-48
li
Operating
lithographic
2-color presses................ 72.9 35.00
Sf-41-48
li
Operating
lithographic
transferring or proving
presses............................ 47.9 23.00
8|-4i-48
li
1 Double time after midnight.
* Double time after 4 hours.
* For Thanksgiving and Memorial days, time and one-half.
4Hours total 49 per week, but 1 hour is paid for as overtime.




8 -8 -48
8——
8 48

49 _4 -4S
4 9 -4 -48

U NIO N SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUES OP LABOR, MAY 15, 1917.
T a b le A .— UNION

277

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, ETC.—Continued.

P R IN T IN G A N D P U B L IS H IN G : B O O K A N D JO B —

Continued.

PR ESSM EN : Cylinder—Continued.

May 15,1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

For
Per
For Sun­
Per week over­ days
hour. full time. and
time.
holi­
days.

north central—concluded.

Wichita, Kans.: In charge Cents. Dolls.
of presses........................... 50.0 24.00

Regular
rate multi­
plied by—
1l i

2

Mos.
May 15* 1916.
dur­
ing
Rate of
year
end­
wages—
ing
May
15,
Hours—
Hours—
1917,
Full day; Sat­
Full day;
Per
Saturdays; urday Per week
Saturdays;
Full week. half hour. full
Full week.
holi­
time.
day
pre­
vailed

8 -8 -48

Cents. Dolls.

SOU CENTRAL.
TH
Birmingham, Ala.:
In charge of 2 presses....... 53.1 25.50 H i
38 — —
8 48
88 -8 -48
24.00
2
In charge of 1 or more
presses.......................... 50.0 24.00 2 l i
3 8 -8 -48
3 8 -8 -48
2
45.8 22.00
Operating 1 press.
3 8 -8 -48
3 8 -8 -48
36.5 17.50 *11
2
33.3 16.00
Operating 2 presses.
3 8 -8 -48
2
3 8 -8 -48
40.6 19.50
44.8 21.50 2 11
In charge of 3 or more
presses _____________ 57.3 27.50 2 U
38 -8 -48
2
(<)
(4)
(<)
Dallas, Tex.:
In charge of 2 or more
presses.......................... . 57.3 27.50
2
8 -8 -48
11
Operating 1 cylinder and 2
platen presses............... . 52.1 25.00
2
8 -8 -48
11
Houston, Tex.:
Assistants........................ . 39.6 19.00
5-8 -48
2
8 -8 -48
36.5 17.50
H
In charge of 2or 3presses... 52.1 25.00
i -8 -48
2
8 -8 -48
49.0 23.50
li
In charge of 4 or more
presses............................ 52.1 25.00
2
8 -8 -48
li
In charge of 1 cylinder and
1 or 2 platen presses........ 52.1 25.00
8 -8 -48
2
8 8- -48
45.8 22.00
li
Operating 4 presses........... 46.9 22.50
8 -8 -48
2
8 -8 -48
43.8 21.00
li
Little Rock, Ark.:
Operating 2 presses........... 42.7 20.50 H i
3 8 -8 -48
3 8 -8 -48
40.6 19.50
52
Operating 1 cylinder and 1
3 8 -8 -48
platen press.................... 42.7 20.50 114 5 2 ' 3 8 -8 -48
38.5 18.50
Louisville, Ky.:
Operating 1 cylinder, 2
83-41-48
platen, and 1 pony press. 36.5 17.50 n i
34.4 16.50
2
8f-41-48
Operating 2 presses, 1 with
8|4-i-48
automatic feeder............. 44.8 21.50 H i
2
8-1-41-48
42.7 20.50
Operating 2 presses with
automatic feeders........... 47.9 23.00 H i
8f-4£-48
2
8|-41-48
42.7 20.50
Operating 1 cylinder press
over 25 by 38 inches and
81-41-48
2 platen presses.............. 39.6 19.00 H i
2
8f-4i-48
37.5 18.00
Operating 2 presses........... 42.7 20.50 H i
8f-44-48
2
40.6 19.50
8|-41-48
Operating 1 Harris and 1
Kidder press.................. 39.6 19.00 H i
2
8f-41-48
0)
(4)
(<)
Memphis, Tenn.:
Operating 1 press............... 34.4 16.50
2
3 8 -8 -48
Operating 2 presses........... 43.8 21.00
2
3 8 -8 -48
11
In charge of 2 presses........ 47.9 23.00
2
3 8 -8 -48
11
Nashville, Tenn.:
-8 -48
Operating 2 presses........... 41.7 20.00
35.4 17.00
2
8 -8 -48
H
In charge of 2 presses........ 43.8 21.00
35.4 17.00
-8 -48
2
8 -8 -48
li
In charge of rotary press... 62.5 30.00
2
8 -8 -48
li
New Orleans, La.: Opera­
ting 1 or 2 presses, or cyl­
inder, platen, and auto
press............................... 40.6 19.50
8 -8 -48
11
li
1 Double time after midnight.
a Time and one-half after 1 hour.
3 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
4No scale in effect on May 15,1916.
6 For Sundays, Labor Day, and Christmas; for New Year’ s Day, July 4, and Thanksgiving Day, time
and one-half.




278

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—U N IO N SCALE OF W A G ES A N D H OU RS OF LAB O R IN EACH
T R A D E , ETC .— Continued.

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder—Continued.
Mos.
dur­
ing
year
end­
ing
Mav

May 15,1917.
Rate of wagesGeographical division and
city.

15;

Operating Cents. Dolls.

Denver, Colo.:
In charge of 5 or more
presses............................
In charge of i to 4 presses..
Operating 1 or 2 presses---Operating lithographic off­
set presses.......................
Operating
lithographic
stone-bed presses Nos.

Rate of
wages—

1917,
For Hours—
Full day; Sat­
Per
Per
For Sun