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SURVEY OF FORECLOSURE
OPERATIONS

HORACE RUSSELL
General Counsel
H

om e

O

w ners’

L

oan

C o r p o r a t io n

Prepared by
HENRY BEAMAN, Senior Attorney

under Direction of
LUKE E. KEELEY, Associate General Counsel

HEBER H. RICE, Head Attorney

Foreclosure Section




CONTENTS
•
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
HISTORY
COMPARISONS
SUMMARY
COST GRAPH
STATE BREAKDOWN

H o m e O w n e r s ’ L o a n Co r p o r a t io n
W

M

r.

L uke

H om e O

E.

K eeley , A

w ners’

Loan C

ssociate

a s h in g t o n ,

D. C.

August 27* 1937

G e n e r a l C oun sel

o r p o r a t io n

F e d e r a l H o m e L o a n B a n k B o a r d B u ildin g
W

a s h in g t o n ,

D.

Dear Mr. Keeley:

C.

Re:

Foreclosure Operations and Cost of
Home Owners' Loan Corporation

On or about July 15 you instructed me to make a survey of the Corporation's foreclosure activities
throughout the United States, so a careful analysis could be made of costs of every character and the actual
time to complete a foreclosure could be ascertained. Cost sheets were printed and a letter for the joint
signatures of the General Manager and General Counsel was prepared. This letter was sent to the field
on the 30th day of July, requesting the regions to furnish the data required on the cost sheets, in accordance
with instructions contained in the letter, on 100 cases picked at random by this office in each state where
that many cases could be obtained and on a lesser number in the other states.
I submit herewith the result of that survey, along with a brief history of the foreclosure operations of
the Corporation from the authori^tion of the first case for foreclosure up to and including the date of this
letter.
Based on the figures furnished by the field, Mr. Rice, Head Attorney in charge Foreclosure Section
submits the following averages:
i
Average attorney fee in foreclosure cases, $72.94; additional costs, $88.32; total, $161.25. Average
voluntary deed fee, $18.65; costs, $6.89; total, $25.54. Average fee for both foreclosure and voluntary
deed cases, $62.82; costs, $75.63; total, $138.45. Applying the last three figures to 105,986 cases dispatched
through July 31, 1937, (15}^% of which are treated as being salaried attorney cases with no attorney fee,
83^% withdrawn cases without fee or cost to the Corporation, and 142 % as being voluntary deeds) the
A
attorney’s fees will amount to $5,036,729.40; additional costs, $7,348,029.38; total, $12,483,758.78. This
discloses an ultimate attorney fee disbursement of $47.90 on each dispatched foreclosure case, an additional
cost of $69.73, and a total of $117.23.
In concluding, I want to call your attention to the valuable assistance of Mr. George E. Gibson, of the
Legal Staff, in digesting the method of foreclosure of the 48 states and the District of Columbia; and also
to the valuable assistance of Mr. Ralph W. Weese, and Mr. C. J. Lester, of the staff of the Division of
Research and Statistics, in compiling the figures and^fumishing advice on financial and statistical data.




Respectfully submitted,

Foreclosure Section

HOME OWNERS’ LOAN CORPORATION

FORECLOSURE OPERATIONS
*

L e n d in g
O

p e r a t io n s

*

*

An Act of Congress, dated June 13, 1933, Public A ct No. 43,73rd Congress and known
as the Home Owners’ Loan Act, as amended, set in motion the most stupendous refinancing
operation ever known in the world— the refinancing on a national scale of real estate
loans of distressed borrowers who had lost their homes through foreclosure or were in
danger of losing them, and the refinancing of such loans held by closed lending institutions.
A t the close of lending operations on June 12, 1936, this Corporation had refinanced
1,018,171 loans, amounting to $3,093,288,213. The average loan was for $3,028. The
total loaned was based on an appraisal of $4,476,538,658. 1,886,491 applications had
been received requesting this Corporation to refinance $6,173,355,652. 868,320 ap'
plications were either withdrawn or rejected.
As a comparison, the last tabulation on original loans on properties authorized for
foreclosure reveals their average was $3,875., and their average appraisal was $5,201.,
considerably higher than the average refinancing.

C

haracter

of

L oans

F irst
F oreclosures

As practically all loans, with the exception of those made to borrowers whose mortgages
were held by closed lending institutions, were to people who were financially distressed
and with no immediate source of permanent income, it was to be expected that a large
number of foreclosures would result.
The first foreclosure was authorized on March 7* 1934, on Loan No. 5'C43 (nam
e
deleted) for $2,270. on a piece of property in Pueblo, Colorado. The reason was property
abandoned, borrower deceased, and heirs unwilling to assume the mortgage. The
next loan foreclosed was No. 28'G'79 (name deleted) on an original loan of $14,000.,
upon which was an unpaid balance of $15,039.54; the borrower was totally delinquent
and would make no effort to cooperate with this Corporation.
As foreclosures began to grow in number, highly efficient methods became necessary
to handle and keep in touch with this operation. By special order of January 10,1935*
the General Counsel directed the Associate General Counsel in Charge of Litigation
Division to create immediately, under his direction and supervision, a section to be known
as the Foreclosure Section. A Head Attorney was placed in charge.
Special attorneys were assigned on a fee basis to handle the foreclosures in their respec
tive localities, upon recommendation of State Counsel subject to subsequent apprQ a
V
of Regional and General Counsel.

F ee
Sc h ed u l e




A fee schedule was worked out for each state, commensurate with the duties performed
and the volume of work each attorney would handle. This was under the supervision
of the Attorney in Charge of the Foreclosure Section, by direction of the General Counse
and Associate General Counsel in Charge of the Litigation Division. In arranging &
2

schedules and in guarding against excessive fees, it has been estimated in Illinois alone,
for instance, that the Corporation, by adopting the present fee instead of that originally
urged by local attorneys, will have saved approximately $1,500,000., if present
authorized for foreclosure are completed.
D e l e g a t io n
of

A

u t h o r it y

I n s t r u c t io n s
to th e

M
T
M

F ield

e c h a n ic a l
a b u l a t in g
a c h in e s

C ost

of

H ome O

ffice

S u p e r v isio n

As the number of foreclosure approvals to be signed each day by the Associate General
Counsel reached large proportions in August, 1935, the authority to approve foreclosures
was delegated to the Regional Manager and Regional Counsel of each of the eleven regions
into which the operations of the Corporation are divided.
Another important function was the issuance to the field of the series of general in*
structions from time to time setting up procedure for efficient foreclosure operation and
economical expenditures.
In March, 1936, the Associate General Counsel, to keep down expenses and preserve
efficiency, began a campaign to “ weed out" duplication and eliminate unnecessary effort
and work. All foreclosure cases, pending or closed, were coded on cards used on m
e*
chanical tabulating machines, such as are used for statistical data in the Census Bureau
and other large governmental departments. This coding work, done under the direction
of the Division of Research and Statistics, has enabled the Legal Department to tabulate
instantly data in regard to the many ramifications of foreclosure work on any particular
case or group of cases by counties and states on any possible known breakdown throughout
the United States. It is possible to ascertain quickly the number of properties acquired
in fee absolute through foreclosure or by deed in lieu of foreclosure; the number of prop'
erties upon which the period of redemption is running and its date of expiration; the
number of cases suspended pending liquidation of delinquencies; the number of cases
where borrowers have liquidated delinquencies and their accounts reinstated as active
loans; the number of cases pending and upon which foreclosure by court action or by
advertisement under Power of Sale has been instituted, the individual cases, and their
locations; the number of months borrowers were delinquent at the time foreclosure was
authorized; and the original loan amount and reason for foreclosure.
In March, 1936, the cost per case per month was 60c. The total number of employees
numbered 16. There were 5,033 undisposed cases, with an office “spread" of 315 cases
per person per month.
In April, 1937, the number of employees was 25, and the number of undisposed cases
49,385, with an office “ spread" of 1,975 cases per person per month. The cost per case
per month was 10c. The average increase in personnel from March, 1936, to April, 1937*
was 56.3%. The volume of work per person had increased 526.9% and the average cost
per active case per month was 20c with a total cost per case for 12 months preceding April,
1937, of $1.56. With modem methods and constant vigilance, the foreclosure operation
has been one of the most efficient, as well as the most economical, of any lending institution
in the world.

R eason s F o r
F ore clo su r e




In view of the character of the loans made, the percentage of foreclosures by the Corpo*
ration has been exceedingly low. Tabulations by percentages on delinquencies preceding
foreclosure action follow: 3 months or less, 1/10% ; 4 to 6 months, 1.6%; 7 to 12 months,
10.9%; 13 to 18 months, 26.4%; 19 to 24 months, 39.8%; 25 months and over, 20.6%;
3

period not reported, 0.3%. Reasons for foreclosure as last tabulated were: “property
abandoned or virtually so,” 18.5%; “ non-cooperative borrower," 54.2%; “obstinate re­
fusal to pay,” 21.5%; “ death of borrower,” 5.5% ; and, “ legal complications,” 0.3%.
C

o rporate

P o l ic y

as t o

F ore clo su r e

T

im e o f

A

c q u isit io n

of

F ee

I n f o r m a t io n

For
M

anagem ent

C

ontested

C

ases

F ee
F oreclo su r e
A

tto rn eys




These figures show that the Corporation has made every effort to carry out the letter and
intent of the A ct of June 13, 1933; and it is only when every effort to rehabilitate the
borrower has failed that the Corporation has authorized foreclosure. Once authorized and
dispatched to the field for action, it is incumbent upon the Legal Department to complete
the foreclosure as speedily as possible, and to see that a merchantable and marketable title
is vested in the Corporation, so that the property may be properly offered for sale or lease.
By coding the cases on mechanical tabulating machines, and with the cooperation of the
Division of Research and Statistics, resulting in a Home Office central control, each case is
followed to its conclusion and undue delay on the part of salaried or fee attorneys eliminated.
In one state, the average time of acquiring title was approximately 50% less than that
required by a large and prominent private lending institution. As long as the property
is lying fallow, no repairs can be made, nor can it be put on the market for rental or sale.
Each day saved in the acquisition of title is a monetary saving to the lending institution.
The Foreclosure Section is able to project accurately monthly acquisitions of properties
in the various states. As a result, the Management is in a position to instruct its Ap'
praisal, Reconditioning, Servicing, and Property Management Departments, Divisions,
and Sections in advance to prepare for the appraisals, reconditioning, and the placing of
these properties in the hands of brokers for rental or sale, and to be ready with personnel
to function properly. This service has saved the Corporation a huge amount of money
because it knows at all times when to expect reconditioning to begin and when to employ
new personnel.
In April, 1936, the volume of contested foreclosure cases had grown to a point where it
became necessary to establish a Contested Case Unit, separate and apart from the Uncon'
tested Case Unit, with a Senior Attorney at the head of each. Among the first issues
raised in contested cases were the constitutionality of the Home Owners’ Loan Act, and
whether the Corporation was legally constituted. In many cases, the question of the
necessity of the Corporation’s complying with local domestication laws was raised, but it
has been consistently held that this Corporation is not a foreign corporation within any
state and, therefore, need not comply with registration or domestication acts. Innumerable
other questions and, of course, the usual number of dilatory defenses have appeared in the
Corporation’s foreclosure actions. By July 31,1937, the Corporation had acquired in fee
absolute 49,136 properties, and not one acquisition had been defeated by contest.
From a peak of 4,021, the number of fee foreclosure attorneys had decreased to 3,784 by
death, resignation, or for other reasons by July 31, 1937. The selection of these fee
attorneys was a tremendous and painstaking task, their qualifications being at least three
years admission and active practice before the bars o f the states in which they were to
represent the Corporation. They were required to list at least five clients for whom they
had rendered services. Three law firms or lawyers o f good standing in the community to
which each attorney in question practiced were questioned concerning him, and a character
report also procured. Every possible method was used to obtain the services of honest an
efficient practitioners. The record shows this effort was eminently successful*
4

S u p e r v is io n
of

THE

F ibld

D a il y
R epor ts

S t a t is t ic a l
D ata
J uly

as of

31, 1937




Under the Attorney in Charge, supported by his staff, the supervisory functions of the
Foreclosure Section include those of expediting the smooth handling of all foreclosure cases,
discussing by correspondence the important issues and questions with the field, and seeing
that retarded or delayed cases are given special attention.
In July, 1936, it was decided a daily report should be made of foreclosure activities for
the use of departmental heads, both managerial and legal. This is a running inventory and
shows the cumulative and daily totals of foreclosures dispatched to State Counsel for action,
action instituted, cases in contest, cases on which the period of redemption is running,
properties acquired in fee absolute by foreclosure sale or by deed in lieu of foreclosure,
properties sold to third parties at public sale, properties redeemed by borrower, cases in
suspense, cases withdrawn, and pending cases.
The Corporation, on July 31,1937, had dispatched to State Counsel 105,986 cases for
foreclosure. The Corporation had acquired in fee absolute 49,136 properties. There
were 21,790 properties upon which the period of redemption had not expired. In 6,270
cases, borrowers paid up their delinquencies and their cases were withdrawn. In 101
cases, the properties were sold at foreclosure sale to third parties; 3,356 cases were in b u s *
pense pending the completion of liquidation programs proposed by the borrowers. There
were pending 25,050 cases, excluding those awaiting expiration of redemption period.
The foregoing is a brief summary of the foreclosure operations of the Legal Department
of the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation. There are definite indications that the greater
part of these operations has been completed. With the return of definitely improved
economic conditions and with the elimination of the majority of the hopeless cases through
foreclosure and with monthly collections constantly exceeding monthly billings, the rate
of foreclosures has decreased more than fifty per cent since the summer of 1936, when the
peak load was reached. The evidence seems unmistakable that the rate will still more
substantially decline during the coming months.
*

*

5

*

COMPARISON OF COST AND TIM E OF FORECLOSURE
AND
STATES WHICH HAVE STATUTORY PERIODS OF REDEMPTION

*

*

*

Listed next below are fifteen states, five in a group; the first group being those states in which the fore­
closure method is simple, the time short, and the cost low; the second group, those states where the method
is cumbersome, the time unnecessarily long, and the cost higher; and the third groups those states wherein
there is a period of redemption of a year or more, and in some of these states the mortgagor is entitled to
possession during the period of redemption.

GROUP I
(Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, West Virginia)
The foreclosure method used by the Corporation and in general use in these states is by advertising and
selling under the power of sale contained in the deed o f trust or mortgage. Foreclosures in these states
are simple, speedy, and inexpensive. Our study shows that:
In GEORGIA, the average time to foreclose is 27 days and the average cost is $56.70.
In MISSISSIPPI, the average time is 1 month and 24 days and the average cost is $58.51.
In MISSOURI, the average time is 2 months and 16 days and the average cost where fee attorneys were
used is $44.83 and where salaried attorneys were used $25.56. (It is to be noted that in Missouri, if the
borrower gives notice at the sale or within 10 days before sale he may have 1 year within which to redeem
the property. Since there are very few redemption notices given the Corporation, this time is not include
in the average time to foreclose in Missouri.)
In NORTH CAROLINA, the average time is 1 month, 16 days and the average cost is $64.07*
In WEST VIRGINIA, foreclosure is by power o f sale and the average time necessary to complete a
foreclosure is 1 month and 6 days. The average cost is $56.93.

GROUP II
(Indiana, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Wisconsin)
In this group of states foreclosure may generally be had only by court action. (In New York foreclosure
may also be by advertisement, although this method is seldom used.) The foreclosure procedure is detailed
and cumbersome and the costs are excessive.
In INDIANA, the foreclosure is by court action only and the average time is 1 year and 2 m
onths^
Under Indiana law the foreclosure sale can not be held until 1 year after the date of filing the complaint,
average cost in Indiana is $185.61.




6

In NEW JERSEY, the foreclosure method is by a proceeding in equity and the average time to foreclose
is 4 months and 21 days. The average cost is $222.29.
In NEW YORK, where the procedure is most complicated, the average time is 3 months, 17 days, and
the average cost is $312.54.
In OHIO, foreclosure may be had only by court action and the average time is 3 months and 24 days,
and the average cost is $125.46.
In WISCONSIN, foreclosure is by court action and the average time is 1 year and 4 months. It is to
be noted that the foreclosure sale can not be held until 1 year after entry of judgment. The average cost is
$169.94.
GROUP III
(California, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan)
In the above group of States, there is a redemption period of 1 year or more and in some of the States the
mortgagor is entitled to possession during the redemption period. Foreclosure in all of the above States,
with the exception of Michigan, is by court action. In Michigan, foreclosure may be had either by court
action or by power of sale.
In CALIFORNIA, the average time to foreclose is 1 year, 2 months and 26 days. This average time
includes the redemption period, which is 1 year from date of sale. The average cost is $161.34.
In ILLINOIS, the average time is 1 year, 7 months and 16 days. There is a 15'month redemption period
from date of sale, the owner having 12 months within which to redeem the property and the creditors having
an additional 3 months. The average cost of foreclosure in Illinois is $354.30.
In IOW A, the average time to foreclose is 1 year, 3 months and 14 days. Redemption period is 1 year
from date of sale and the mortgagor is entitled to possession during the redemption period.
In KANSAS, the average time to foreclose is 11 months and 14 days, and the average cost is $90.88.
Ordinarily, the redemption period is 18 months from the date of sale, and the mortgagor is entitled to pos'
session during the redemption period. If, however, the property has been abandoned, or if the mortgage
was a purchase money mortgage and the mortgagor does not have a 1/3 equity in the property, the redemption
period is only 6 months.
In MICHIGAN, where foreclosure may be had either by court action or by selling under power of sale,
the average time is 1 year, 3 months and 1 day. Where the property has been foreclosed under the power
o f sale, there is a 1 year redemption period from date of sale during which time the mortgagor may remain
in possession without the payment of taxes, insurance, rent, or any other item of expense. Where fore­
closure is by court action, redemption period is 6 months from date of recording commissioner’s deed, during
which time the mortgagor is entitled to possession as in the case of foreclosure by power of sale. The
average cost per case in Michigan is $90.52.




7

SUMMARY OF FORE

State

Arizona............................
Arkansas........................
California.........................
Colorado..........................
Connecticut.....................
Delaware..........................
Dist. of Col.......................
Florida..............................
Georgia............................
Idaho................................
Illinois..............................
Indiana.............................
Iowa.................................
Kansas..............................
Kentucky.........................
Louisiana..........................
Maine..............................
Maryland.........................
Massachusetts..................
Michigan..........................
Minnesota........................
Mississippi......................
Missouri..........................
Montana..........................
Nebraska..........................
Nevada.......... ..................
New Hampshire...............
New Jersey......................
New Mexico....................
New York........................
North Carolina.................
North Dakota..................
O h i o ..............................
Oklahoma.........................
Oregon.............................
Pennsylvania....................
Rhode Island....................
South Carolina.................
South Dakota....................
Tennessee.........................
Texas................................
Utah.................................
Vermont...........................
Virginia............................
Washington........................
West Virginia....................
Wisconsin.........................
Wyoming...........................




Loan
Amount

Attorneys’
Fees

$398,167.77
372,460.79
219,184.25
401,503.84
286,838.23
585,538.27
213,405.74
621,028.14
299,479.42
300,959.28
57,091.06
549,257.00
405,774.10
324,236.06
242,655.27
358,094.82
433,760.31
376,006.88
356,043.98
544,242.74
491,085.76
373,283.23
320,931.34
343,025.57
239,881.69
200,798.30
34,860.14
328,938.26
471,427.34
40,488.13
389,039.04
437,476.72
275,430.17
431,175.18
261,450.02
280,924.61
429,805.89
534,307.41
255,989.49
225,122.58
323,179.75
223,836.74
321,751.15
187,397.12
551,262.83
250,640.79
475,120.45
406,566.73
38,772.09

$ 3,320.00
11,732.48
5,000.00
8,045.00
5,150.00
7,058.00
—
—
9,520.00
2,950.00
1,712.50
12,050.00
8,925.00
7,721.30
5,010.00
7,500.00
—
980.00
5,000.00
—
4,555.00
5,880.00
3,500.00
—
10,520.00
4,900.00
800.00
4,075.00
8,455.00
1,516.29
9,125.00
3,520.41
5,894.50
4,900.00
3,375.00
7,370.00
4,977.50
—
6,043.34
3,220.00
4,900.00
—
10,485.00
2,626.80
4,000.00
7,407.50
2,660.00
6,540.00
1,720.00
8

Trustees' or
Auctioneers’
Fees

—
—
—
—

$508.29
—
—
1,330.00
—
—
—
—

Advertising
Cost

Referees’ or
Commissioners'
Fees

Revenue
Stamps

$1,185.24
—

—
$3,622.13
—
4,210.00
—
—
—

$114.00
461.50
234.00
485.50
292.95
—

103.50
—
968.90
—
3,291.79
3,911.27
1,232.60
2,383.53
—
1,671.48

—

—

—
—
—

64.35
—

2,326.23
—

—

999.50
784.50
299.25
—
—
—
—
—
—

3,621.47
998.81
3,450.40
1,604.99
3,131.88
2,062.71
1,966.24
1,763.80
—
—
—

525.00
—

1,428.96
__

220.00
460.00
128.00
1,508.85
12.50
—
—
—

320.11
4,003.78
1,428.18
1,532.24
833.56
1,421.65

1,006.93
143.00
—
—
—.
—
__

—
—
1,014.13
12,068.26
—
—
—
5,437.96
200.00
—
923.67
—
—
—
—
—.
1,059.63
—
244.35
—
—
—
6,632.25
25.00
—

_

10.00
35.00
1,259.91

6,504.21
2,469.62
1,690.12

2,438.69

2,154.07

_

__

_

977.50

3,120.79
_

—.
—
—

_
_

_
_
__

2,031.88

2,268.00

_

—

358.00
2,295.95

666.53

62.00
553.00
74.50
128.50
72.00
633.00
494.00
384.00
126.60
287.00
108.50
—
348.00
—
588.00
—
251.00
230.50
313.00
—
37.00
311.90
—
41.00
287.50
433.00
344.50
386.50
226.50
341.50
57.30
432.75
—
—
275.50
167.50
406.50
—
457.00
327.50
343.00
360.00
49.50

CLOSURE COSTS
Court
Costs

$2,687.33
4,562.41
1,378.15
—
4,041.91
2,491.91
—
1,061.53
—
449.80
2,734.36
5,777.72
3,875.61
3,163.80
1,476.99
2,190.64
—
3,465.33
—
9.56
—
—
—
1,244.04
5,125.45
176.94
—
13,773.92
189.55
524.99
808.70
639.34
6,163.04
1,249.61
2,107.46
3,396.96
—
1,206.73
—
—
—
2,009.72 *
1,453.02
1.00
2,270.35
148.50
4,124.41
87.30




Recording
Fees

$127.55
311.05
130.50
268.80
158.55
156.00
186.40
173.75
151.20
32.40
113.50
121.62
125.30
54.20
170.00
1,374.00
102.75
398.50
431.98
412.80
—
164.10
253.45
129.50
21.35
17.10
387.32
—
25.50
166.13
193.95
478.54
140.18
160.15
201.35
57.00
472.65
128.25
642.50
254.35
314.30
216.50
—
509.42
152.15
273.25
1.40
32.55

Other
Costs

$1,220.70
2,287.25
1,746.75
3,186.52
—
286.75
69.00
3,595.23
—
138.81
5,460.65
3,242.50
764.67
733.75
50.95
1,827.65
8.10
1,170.40
—
55.10
1,668.16
—
—
643.21
835.20
62.65

—

—
493.65
1,615.82
—
980.93
808.00
4,533.38
1,756.80
675.84
.—
428.81
3,221.32
11.65

—

682.99
—
24.00
986.20
—
1,379.84
229.93

Total
Foreclosure
Costs

Average
Cost

$ 4,746.79
20,035.19
12,317.66
16,134.20
10,265.21
11,099.91
6,288.45
6,049.67
15,657.61
5,613.23
3,419.64
34,721.25
18,560.84
12,935.23
9,088.35
14,922.90
12,288.49
2,089.66
15,755.80
2,821.47
9,051.59
9,610.87
5,881.34
3,359.00
13,909.38
10,882.00
1,338.04
6,728.18
22,228.92
2,806.10
22,815.47
6,343.29
11,378.90
12,420.22
11,001.29
13,037.02
15,668.81
4,381.95
12,078.94
7,083.72
7,595.57
481.80
15,832.59
4,079.82
9,447.71
13,439.65
5,692.75
12,405.65
2,785.81

$47.95
202.38
123.18
161.34
102.65
111.00
120.93
68.75
158.16
56.70
170.09
354.30
185.61
129.35
90.88
149.23
122.88
21.32157.56
29.08
90.52
96.11
58.81
33.92
161.74
112.19
223.01
70.82
222.29
175.38
312.54
64.07
114.94
125.46
130.97
130.37
158.27
44.72
123.25
70.84
77.51
5.18
158.33
97.14
94.48
134.40
56.93
169.94
174.11
9

TIME TO COMPLETE FORECLOSURE
From Date Dispatched From Date of Petition
to State Counsel
or Advertisement

1 mo. 10 days
10 mos., 7 days
6 mos., 5 days
16 mos., 26 days
8 raos., 13 days
4 mos., 27 days
3 mos., 28 days
1 mo,, 12 days
4 mos., 22 days
1 mo., 11 days
16 mos., 23 days
20 mos., 21 days
15 mos., 5 days
16 mos., 9 days
12 mos., 18 days
8 mos., 24 days
5 mos., 26 days
12 mos., 25 days
1 mo., 23 days
2 mos., 6 days
15 mos., 15 days
14 mos., 15 days
2 mos., 14 days
2 mos.
16 mos., 19 days
7 mos., 29 days
20 mos., 22 days
1 mo., 27 days
6 mos., 3 days
14 mos., 22 days
5 mos., 29 days
2 mos., 7 days
17 mos., 18 days
4 mos., 14 days
11 mos., 19 days
17 mos.
2 mos., 6 days
2 mos., 10 days
3 mos., 26 days
14 mos., 5 days
1 mo., 28 days
1 mo., 10 days
17 mos., 1 day
9 mos., 9 days
20 days
17 mos., 23 days
1 mo., 25 days
17 mos.
16 mos., 27 days

1 mo., 3 days
8 mos.,, 27 days
5 mos.,, 4 days
14 mos., 26 days
7 mos., 18 days
4 mos., 4 days
3 mos., 12 days
1 mo., 3 days
3 mos., 22 days
27 days
15 mos., 1 day
19 mos., 16 days
14 mos.
15 mos., 14 days
11 mos.. 14 days
6 mos., 3 days
4 mos., 11 days
I mo., 11 days
15 mos.. 1 day
13 mos., 25 days
1 mo., 24 days
1 mo., 16 days
15 mos., 2 days
5 mos., 26 days
15 mos., 12 days
4 mos., 21 days
13 mos.
3 mos., 17 days
1 mo., 16 days
16 mos., 4 days
3 mos., 24 days
9 mos., 20 days
15 mos., 10 days
1 mo., 19 days
2 mos., 28 days
13 mos.. 25 days
1 mo., 11 days
21.9 days
14 mos., 23 days
8 mos., 27 days
8 days
16 mos., 6 days
1 mo., 6 days
16 mos.
15 mos., 1 day

FORECLOSURES: AVERAGE TIM E REQUIRED TO COMPLETE COMPARED W ITH AVERAGE
COST BASED ON H . O. L . C. EXPERIENCE
COST® d o l l a r s

T I M E MONTHS
tS

10
.........ALABAMA_____
......... ARIZONA...........
___ ARKANSAS.........
....C A L IF O R N IA ___
. — .COLORADO.........
— .CONNECTICUT___
........DELAWARE........
DIST. OF COLUMBIA.
____ .FLORIDA...........
_____.GEORGIA...........
............ IDAHO.............
____ .ILLINOIS...........
_____ INDIANA..........
............JOWA...............
..........KANSAS______
____ KENTUCKY.........
..LOUISIANA____
_____ .MAINE____
........MARYLAND____
..MASSACHUSETTS..
___ MICHIGAN_____
___ MINNESOTA.......
__ MISSISSIPPI____
____MISSOURI_____
____MONTANA..........
. — -NEBRASKA____
----------NEVADA............
..NEW HAMPSHIRE.
— -NEW JERSEY------_ NEW M EXICO ™ .
_
------- NEW YORK____
NORTH CAROLINA
-.N O R T H DAKOTA...
............. OHIO.........
....... OKLAHOMA.........
..........OREGON.........
— PENNSYLVANIA—
-R H O D E IS L A N D ,SOUTH CAROLINA
..SOUTH DAKOTA..
....... TENNESSEE___
— ____.TE X A S ............
............U TAH ..............
--------.VERMONT..........
......... VIRGINIA..........
------WASHINGTON..*.
..W EST VIRGINIA*.
. — .WISCONSIN........
------- -WYOMING..........

1 In case of foreclosure in court, the time has been computed
from the date of the filing of the petition to foreclose to the date of
acquisition o f title, free of all rights o f redemption.
In case o f foreclosure under power of sale contained in the
mortgage or deed o f trust, the time has been computed from the
date o f the first publication o f notice o f sale or of intention to
foreclose, where such is required, to the date of acquisition o f
title, free o f all rights o f redemption.




* Costs do not include salaried personnel; in both Texas and
Massachusetts salaried attorneys handle foreclosure.

10

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF ALABAM A

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount................................... .
Attorney’s Fees................................
Advertising Cost.............................. .
Revenue Stamps................................
Recording Fees................................. .

99
88
99

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS.
Cost Percentage of Loan Am ount....

99

30

99

Percentage

69.9%
25.0%
2.4%
2.7%
100.0%
1.2%

Total
Amount

Avenge
Amount

$398,167.77
3,320.00**
1,185.24
114.00
127.55

$4,021.90
35.00*
12.00
3.80
1.29

$ 4,746.79**

$

47.95

— O—
TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Number
of Cases

Period

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of advertisement................

99
99

Average
Time

1 month, 10 days
1 month, 3 days

— O—
METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Alabama is by power of sale. Foreclosure sale must be
held in the County where the land is located and notice must be given by publication for
three successive weeks. Foreclosure deed conveys the legal title and entitles the purchaser
to possession during the two-year redemption period.

* Modal Average.
$385.00 has been added to the reported total to cover estimated attorney fees for 11 cases handled by
salaried personnel.

**




11

H om e O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF ARIZONA
COSTS
Item
s

Number

of Cases

Loan Amount.....................................
Attorney’s Fees..................................
Comm, and/or Shrf’s Fees..................
Revenue Stamps.................................
Court Costs........................................
Recording Fees................................. .
Title Search........................................
Guardian 6? Administration Fees........
Cost of Ancillary Proceedings: Pro*
bate, Guardianship, Bankruptcy, etc.

99
99
99
99
99
99
99
3

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.. . .

99

8

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$372,460.79
11,732.48
3,622.13
461.50
2,687.33
311.05
1,058.00
45.00

$3,762.23
118.51
36.59
4.66
27.14
3.15*
10.00*
15.00

Percentage

58.6%
18.1%
2.3%
13.4%
1-5%
5.3%
0.2%
0.6% .
100.0%
5.4%

117.70

14.71

$ 20,035.19

$ 202.38

—0 —
TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

of Cases

Average
Time

99
99

10 months, 7 days
8 months, 27 days

Number

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

— O—
METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Arizona is by court action instituted by the filing of a petition
praying for a judgment for the amount of the indebtedness and foreclosure of the mortgage
lien and sale of,the mortgaged property. After judgment is entered a special execution
is directed to the Sheriff who causes an advertisement to be inserted in a newspaper for
30 days prior to the sale. The sale is made by the Sheriff in front of the court house, to
the highest bidder, and a certificate of sale is issued to the purchaser entitling him to a
deed unless the property is redeemed within the six months redemption period.
* Modal average.




— O—

12

H omr O

wners’

L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF ARKANSAS

COSTS
Item
s

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount....................
Attorney’s Fees..................
Advertising Cost................ . . . . . . . .
Revenue Stamps . ...............................
Court Costs........................ ..............
Recording Fees.................. ...............
Abstract Costs.................. ................
TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.......

11
100
100
43
100
100

Percentage

40.6%
0.8%
1.9%
37-0%
1.1%
18.6%
100.0%
5.6%

Total
Amount

Avenge
Amount

$219,184.25
5,000.00
103.50
234.00
4,562.41
130.50
2,287.25

$2,191.84
50.00
9.41
2.34
45.62
3.00
22.87

$ 12,317.66

$ 123.18

—o TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition.........................

100
100

Average
Time
6 months, 5 days
5 months, 4 days

— O—
METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Arkansas is by suit in Chancery instituted by the filing of
a complaint. Decree is entered providing that if the judgment is not paid within a time
fixed by the court (from five to one hundred twenty-five days) the property shall be sold
by the court’s commissioner at public auction after advertisement for twenty days. The
sale must be confirmed by the court and thereafter the commissioner executes a deed to
the purchaser. There is no redemption period after sale.




13

H

ome

O

w ners'

Lo an C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF CALIFORNIA

COSTS
Items

Number
o f Cases

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$401,503.84
8,045.00
4,210.00
485.50
1,378.15
268.80
1,516.20
50.00

$4,015.04
80.45
42.10
4.86
13.78
2.69
15.00*
25.00

Percentage

Loan Amount.....................................
Attorney’s Fees..................................
Commissioner’s Fees...........................
Revenue Stamps.................................
Court Costs........................................
Recording Fees...................................
Title Search........................................
Guardian & Administration Fees........
Cost of Ancillary Proceedings: Pro­
bate, Guardianship, Bankruptcy, etc.

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
2
9

1.1%

180.55

20.06

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount........

100

100.0%
4.0%

$ 16,134.20

$ 161.34

49.9%
26.1%
3.0%
8.5%
1.7% '
9.4%
0.3%

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

100
100

Average
Time

1 year, 4 months, 26 days
1 year, 2 months, 26 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in California is by court action instituted by filing of the com"
plaint. Thereafter judgment is entered and the property is ordered to be sold. The
Court usually appoints a commissioner to sell the property after advertisement. The
period of redemption is one year from date of sale and the deed is issued after the expiration
of the redemption period. The California Moratorium Law does not apply to HOLC
mortgages.
* Modal average.




14

H

ome

O

w n ers’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF COLORADO

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount.............................
Attorney’s Fees...............................
Trustee’s Fees................................. ..
Advertising Cost............................ ..
Revenue Stamps.............................. ..
Recording Fees................................
Abstract Fees.................................. ..
Second Abstract Fees...................... ..
Second Trustee’s Fees.....................
TO TAL FORECLOSURE COSTS,,.
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount...

Percentage

100
100

47
44
89
86
95
57
8
100

50.2%
4.9%
9.4%
2.9%
1.5%
10.2%
20.8%
0.1%
100.0%
3.6%

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$286,838.23
5,150.00
508.29
968.90
292.95
158.55
1,049.55
2,131.75
5.22

$2,868.38
50.00*
10.81
22.02
3.29
1.84
11.05
37.40
.65

$ 10,265.21

$ 102.65

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Number
of Cases

Period

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of advertisement................

100
100

Average
Time

8 months, 13 days
7 months, 18 days

— O—
METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
The method of foreclosure used almost exclusively in Colorado is by power of sale.
Sale is conducted by public trustee after publication for four weeks and mailing notices
to interested parties. Upon sale by the public trustee, a certificate of sale is issued to the
purchaser. There is a six'months period of redemption after date of sale. If there is no
redemption, the purchaser is entitled to a deed.

*

Modal average.




15

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF CONNECTICUT

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount................ .....................
Attorney’s Fees..................................
Court Costs**....................................

100
100*
100

TOTAL FORECLOSURE CO STS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount........

100

Total
Amount

Percentage

63.6%
36.4%
100.0%
1.9%

Average
Amount

$585,538.27
7,058.00
4,041.91

$5,855.38
70.58
40.42

$ 11,099.91

$ 111.00

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel. 100
From date of petition.......................... 100

Average
Time

4 months, 27 days
4 months, 4 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure is strict foreclosure. Suit is brought in equity by the filing of
a complaint and lis pendens is recorded in the land records. If no defense is disclosed,
judgment of foreclosure is entered and the court fixes the time within which the owner
must redeem. If there is no redemption during that time, a certificate of foreclosure is
filed in the land records and title becomes absolute in the foreclosing mortgage.

* 55 cases reported Attorney’s Fees in the amount of $75.00.
44 cases reported Attorney’s Fees in the amount of $65.00.
1 case reported Attorney’s Fees in the amount of $73.00.
** Lump sum only is available for total court costs. (Applies to all o f Region IB.)




16

H ome O

w n ers’

Lo an C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF DELAWARE

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount.................................
Advertising Cost.............................
Revenue Stamps..............................
Court C osts.....................................
Recording Fees................................
Costs of Administration on Estate..
Cost of Appointment of Trustee , .

52
52
18
52
52
3
1

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS. .
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount, ..

52

Total
Amount

Avenge
Amount

$213,405.74
3,291.79
62.00
2,491.91
156.00
283.25
3.50

$4,103.96
63.30
3.44
47.92
3.00*
94.42
3.50

$ 6,288.45

$ 120.93

Percentage

52.3%
1.0%
39.6%
2.5%
4.5%
0.1%
100.0%
2.9%

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

52
52

Average
Time

3 months, 28 days
3 months, 12 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Delaware is either (1) by suit in equity or (2) by writ of
scire facias. In the latter method, upon his judgment plaintiff has execution by levari
facias. The sale may take place 24 days after the issuance of a levari facias. After the
sale is confirmed the sheriff’s deed issues to the purchaser at the sale. If foreclosure is
by proceedings in equity the foreclosure sale cuts off the equity of redemption.

* Modal average.




17

H om e O

w ners'

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

COSTS
Number
of Cases

Items

Loan Amount..................................
Auctioneer’s Fees............................
Advertising Cost............................
Revenue Stamps..............................
Recording Fees................................
Special Costs to Perfect Title..........

88
88
88
88
88
1

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS.
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount. ..

88

22.0%
64.7%
9.1%
3.1%
1.1%
100.0%
1.0%

Average
Amount

Total
Amount

Percentage

$621,028.14
1,330.00
3,911.27
553.00
186.40
69.00

$7,057.14
15.00*
44.45
6.28
2.12
69.00

$ 6,049.67

$

68.75

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of advertisement................

88
88

Average
Time

1 month, 12 days
1 month, 3 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Foreclosure in the District of Columbia is by power of sale under deed of trust. The
time necessary to advertise the property before sale is usually fixed by the deed of trust.
HOLC advertises once a week for three weeks. The property is sold by an auctioneer,
and the trustee executes a deed to the purchaser. No court proceedings are required,
and there is no right of redemption after sale.
* Modal average*




-O—

18

H om e O

w n ers’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF FLORIDA

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Percentage

Total
Amount s

Average
Amount

Loan Amount.................................. ..
Attorney’s Fees.............................. ..
Advertising Cost............................
Revenue Stamps..............................
Court Costs.................................... ..
Recording Fees................................ ..
Abstract Extension......................... ..
Sheriff’s Cost................................... ..
Special Master’s Fee, Guardian ad
litem, Administrator ad litem
..

99
99
99
20
99
98
98
99

60.8%
7.9%
0-5%
6.8%
1.1%
9.8%
3.6%

$299,479.42
9,520.00
1,232.60
74.50
1,061.53
173.75
1,537.16
563.07

$3,025.04
96.16
12.45
3.73
10.72
1.77
15.69
5.69

99

9.5%

1,495.00

15.10

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS ..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount. ..

99

100.0%
5.2%

$ 15,657.61

$ 158.16

— o —

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

99
99

Average
Time

4 months, 22 days
3 months, 22 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Florida is by proceeding in equity, instituted by the filing of
a bill of complaint. The case is referred to a special Master who makes a report to the
Court. Final decree is entered containing a provision as to the time required for publican
tion of the notice of sale. The property is sold and the Master executes deed to the
purchaser. There is no redemption period.




— O—
19

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF GEORGIA
COSTS
Number
ofCases

Items

Loan Amount................................. ..
Attorney’s Fees............................... .
Advertising Cost............................
Revenue Stamps..............................
Recording Fees............................... ..

99
99
99
42
99

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.

99

52.5%
42.5%
2.3%
2.7%
100.0%
1*9%

Average
Amount

Total
Amount

Percentage

$300,959.28
2,950.00*
2,383.53
128.50
151.20

$3,009.59
29.80
24.08
3.06
1.53

$ 5,613.23

$

56.70

— O—
TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of advertising.....................

99
99

Average
Time

1 month, 11 days
27 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Georgia is in Equity, a Court of Law, or by Power of Sale.
The Corporation uses the Power of Sale method which is economical and short. Ad"
vertisement in a newspaper of general circulation in the county wherein the land lies once
a week for four weeks preceding the first Tuesday in each month. Once a week for four
weeks does not necessarily mean twentyweight days, but once in each of four different
weeks. If begun in time, advertisement, sale and possession can be had in twenty'two
days.
* 56 cases reported Attorney Fees in the amount o f $25.00;
40 cases reported Attorney Fees in the amount of $35.00;
3 cases reported Attorney Fees in the amount of $50.00.




20

H om e O

w ners’

L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF IDAHO
COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Total
Amount

Percentage

Average
Amount
$2,854.55
85.63
50.71
3.60
22.49
1.60*
9.20

Loan Amount.....................................
Attorney's Fees..................................
Comm, and/or Shrfs Fees..................
Revenue Stamps.................................
Court Costs........................................
Recording Fees...................................
Title Search........................................
Cost of Ancillary Proceedings: Pro­
bate, Guardianship, Bankruptcy, etc.

20
20
20
20
20
20
14

50.1%
29.7%
2.1%
13.1%
0.9%
3.8%

$ 57,091.06
1,712.50
1,014.13
72.00
449.80
32.40
128.81

1

0.3%

10.00

10.00

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount........

20

100.0%
6.0%

$ 3,419.64

$ 170.98

—o —
TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel *
From date of petition..........................

20
20

Average
Time

1 year, 4 months, 23 days
1 year, 3 months, 1 day

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Idaho is by court action instituted by the filing of a complaint.
After judgment is rendered the property is advertised and sold by the Sheriff. There is
a one-year redemption period from date of sale during which the mortgagor is entitled to
possession. Deed is executed after the expiration of the redemption period.

* Modal average.




21

H om e O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF ILLINOIS
COSTS
Items

Number
ofCases

Loan Amount.................................. .,
Attorney’s Fees................................
Advertising Cost............................. ..
Master in Chancery’s Fee...............
Revenue Stamps**........................... . ■
Court Costs.....................................
Recording Fees***...........................
Title Charges..................................
Court Reporter............................... ..
Photostats.......................................

98
98
97
98
98
98
91
98
98
5

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS. .
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount, , .

98

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$549,257.00
12,050.00
1,671.48
12,068.26
633.00
2,734.36
113.50
4,693.43
735.20
32.02

$5,605.00
125.00*
17-23
127.00*
6.46
27-80
1.25*
47.89
7.50
6.40

$ 34,721.25

$ 354.30

Percentage

34.7%
4.8%
34.8%
1.8%
7.9%
0.3%
13.5%
2.1%
0.1%
100.0%
6.3%

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel. 98
From date of petition..................... 98

Average
Time

1 year, 8 months, 21 days
1 year, 7 months, 16 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Illinois is by court action instituted by the filing of complaint.
The case is referred to a Master in Chancery to whom proof must be submitted upon which
the Master renders a report to the court. A decree of foreclosure and sale is entered
followed by sale of the property. There must be a decree approving the sale and the
deficiency if there is one. There is a fifteen months redemption period (owner has 12
months and creditors have an additional 3 months) from the date of sale. An order may
be entered appointing a receiver or an order for the owner to pay rents during the redemp'
tion period. When the redemption period expires, the Master executes a deed to the
purchaser.
— O—

* Modal average.
** All but five revenue stamps were estimated.
*** All but two recording fees were estimated.




22

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF INDIANA
COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount................................. .. 100
Attorney s Fees...............................
99
Administrator’s Fees.......................
1
Revenue Stamps..............................
99
Court Costs..................................... ..
98
Recording Fees............................... . , 100
Receiver’s Expenses..........................
45
Abstract Expenses............................
100
Other Costs (Admr’s Fee)................
1
TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS. .
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount. ..

100

Total
Amount

Percentage

48.1%
0.1%
2.7%
31.1%
0.7%
H.4%
5.8%
0.1%
100.0%
4.6%

Averagt
A oum
m

$405,774.10
8,925.00
25.00
494.00
5,777.72*
121.62
2,123.05
1,084.45
10.00

$4,057.74
90.15
25.00
4.99
58.96
1.22
47.18
10.84
10.00

$ 18,560.84

$ 185.61

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
o f Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition. . ......................

100
99

Average
Time

1 year, 3 months, 5 days
1 year, 2 months

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Foreclosure is by court action, and sale cannot be held until one year from date of
filing of petition.

*Court Costs include Sheriff’s Fees and Advertising Cost. (35 cases reported Sheriff s Fees amounting to
$963.25, average cost per case being $27.52; 35 cases reported Advertising Cost in the amount of $415.83,
average cost per case reporting this item being $11.88.)




23

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF IOW A
COSTS
Items

Loan Amount.................................. , .
Attorney’s Fees................................
Advertising Cost............................
Revenue Stamps.............................. ,
Court Costs*....................................
Recording Fees**............................ , .
Abstract Fees.................................. ..
Probate Court Costs.......................
Administrator’s Bond......................

100
100
6
100
100
100
97
5
1

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS ..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount. ..

100

Average
Amount

Total
Amount

Percentage

Number
of Cases

0 .2 %

$324,236.06
7,721.30
64.35
384.00
3,875.61
125.30
713.07
31.60

$3,242.36
77.21
10.73
3.84
38.76
1.25
7.35
6.32

0 -1 %

20.00

20.00

1 0 0 .0 %

$ 12,935.23

$ 129.35

59.7%
0.5%
3.0%
30.0%
1 .0 %

5.5%

4.0%

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
o f Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

100
100

Average
Time

1 year, 4 months, 9 days
1 year, 3 months, 14 days

— O—
METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Iowa is by an equitable proceeding instituted by the filing of
a petition. After a decree of foreclosure is entered the mortgagee is entitled to an execu'
tion which is placed in the hands of the sheriff. After Sheriff’s Sale the mortgagor is
given one year from that date in which to redeem the property. The mortgagor is entitled
to possession during the period of redemption. Under the provision of a law enacted
in the 1937 session of the Iowa Legislature, a stay of foreclosure proceedings may be
obtained until March 1, 1937 in all foreclosures of mortgages executed prior to January
1, 1936; or if case is in redemption, an extension of redemption may be obtained for a
commensurate length of time.

* Includes sheriff's fees, advertising costs unless otherwise indicated.
** Estimate only.




24

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF KANSAS
COSTS
Items

m
ber
'ases

Loan Amount...................................
Attorney’s Fees...............................
Revenue Stamps...............................
Court C osts,....................................
Recording Fees.................................
Abstract Fees...................................
Rev. Stamps and Rec. F ee*.............

100
100
38
100
31
99
55

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS.
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount. ...

100

Percentage

55.1%
1-4%
34.8%
0.6%
5.4%
2.7%
100.0%
3-7%

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$242,655.27
5,010.00
126.60
3,163.80
54.20
487.00
246.75

$2,426.55
50.00
3.33
31.64
1.75
4.92
4.49

$ 9,088.35

$

90.88

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
o f Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel. 100
From date of petition.......................... 100

Average
Time

I year, 18 days
II months, 14 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Kansas is by court action instituted by the filing of a petition.
After judgment is entered an order of sale issues and the property is advertised for 30 days*
The property is sold by the sheriff at public auction. The sale must be confirmed by the
court and thereafter a certificate of purchase is executed by the sheriff to the purchaser.
Ordinarily the redemption period is 18 months from the date of sale and the mortgagor
is entitled to possession during the redemption period. If, however, the property has
been abandoned or if the mortgage was a purchase money mortgage and the mortgagor
does not have a one^third equity, the redemption period is only six months.

* 55 cases reported lump sum for revenue stamps and recording fee in the amount of $246.75 which is included
in the total foreclosure costs.




25

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF KENTUCKY

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount................................. . .
Attorney’s Fees................................
Commissioner’s Fees.......................
Revenue Stamps.............................. ..
Court Costs....................................
Recording Fees............................... . .
Premium on Bond............................

100

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS . .
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount

100

100

99
100

92
100
3

Total
Amount

Percentage

50.3%
36.4%
1.9%
10.0%
1.1%
0.3%
100.0%
4.2%

Average
Amount

$358,094.82
7,500.00
5,437.96
287.00
1,476.99
170.00
50.95

$3,580.95
75.00
54.93
2.87
16.05
1.70
16.98

$ 14,922.90

$ 149.23

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

100
100

Average
Time

8 months, 24 days
6 months, 3 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Kentucky is by court action instituted by the filing of a
petition. The case is referred to a commissioner, who returns the case to the court for
judgment. Judgment is entered and sale date is set by the commissioner at least three
weeks later after proper advertisement. The sale must be confirmed by the court. Deed
is executed by the commissioner. If the property does not bring two'thirds of its ap'
praised value at the foreclosure sale, the mortgagor is entitled to a period of redemption
for one year.




26

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF LOUISIANA
COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

100
100
100
7
99
99
100
88
100
5

Cost of Survey.

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS**.
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.......

Percentage

20.0%
31.1%
1.7%
0.9%
18.8%
11.8%
7.6%
8.0%
0.1%
100.0%
2.7%

Total
Amount

$433,760.31
2,326.23
3,621.47
200.00
108.50
2,190.64
1,374.00
890.00
921.80
15.85

Average
Amount

$4,337.60
23.26
36.21
25.00*
1.10
22.13
15.00*
10.00*
9.22
3.17

$ 11,648.49**

— O—
TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

100
100

Average
Time

5 months, 26 days
4 months, 11 days

—Q —
—
METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Louisiana is by court action. There are two modes: (1)
Ordinary Process, and (2) Executory Process. Ordinary Process is by filing suit, followed
by judgment. Writ of fi. fa. is issued and the property sold. Executory Process is based
on confession of judgment. Mortgagee files a petition, whereupon the court enters an
order for the issuance of executory process. Notice of demand is served upon the debtor,
and, if payment is not made within a certain time, a writ of execution and sale is issued
to the sheriff, and the mortgaged property is seized. Notice of seizure is served on the
debtor, and three days thereafter the property is advertised for sale once a week for thirty
days. The property is then sold at public auction.
* Modal average.
** 16 cases reporting attorney fees showed a total foreclosure cost of $1,768.93— average foreclosure cost,
$110.56; 84 cases handled by salaried attorneys reporting no attorney fees showed a total foreclosure cost
of $10,519.56— average foreclosure cost, $125.23.




27

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF MAINE

COSTS
Items

Number
ofCases

Loan Amount.................................. ..
Attorney’s Fees................................ .
Advertising Cost............................ ..
Recording Fees................................ ..
..
Cert, of Foreclosure........................ . .

98
98
97
98
43
14

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS...
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount...

98

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$376,006.88
980.00
998.81
102.75
1.32
6.78

$3,836.80
10.00
10.30
1.05
.03
.50*

$ 2,089.66

$

Percentage

46.9%
47.8%
4.9%
0.1%
0.3%
100.0%
0.6%

21.32

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
ofCases

From date dispatched to State Counsel *

85

Average
Time

1 year, 25 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure most generally used in Maine is by giving public notice by
advertising in a newspaper for three weeks, the claim by mortgage on the property, stating
the date of the mortgage and that the condition thereof is broken and claiming a foreclosure
(copy of this notice with the named and date of the newspaper must be recorded in the
Registry of Deeds within 30 days after the last publication); or, by serving on the mortgagor
a copy of said notice by the sheriff and causing notice and return to be recorded within
30 days after service.

* Modal average.




28

H om e O

w ners’

L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF MARYLAND
COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

.

Auditors Fees.

100
100
. 100
. 100
98
100
100
100
100

Percentage

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.......

100

31.7%
6.3%
21.9%
5.9%
2.2%
22.0%
2.5%
7-5%
100.0%
4-4%

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$356,043.98
5,000.00
999.50
3,450.40
923.67
348.00
3,465.33
398.50
1,170.40

$3,560.44
50.00
10.00
34.50
9.43
3.48
34.65
4 .00*
11.70

$ 15,755.80

$ 157-56

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel. 100
From date of petition or advertisement * 100

Average
Time

1 month, 23 days
1 month, 11 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Maryland is by power of sale contained in the mortgage as
to mortgages of the counties, and under a decree of the equity court as to mortgages in
the City of Baltimore. In the counties the lien instrument and note are filed in court for
the purpose of docketing the foreclosure case and the attorney, as assignee of the mortgage,
after giving a bond, advertises for at least 20 days and sells the property. The sale is
reported to the court and a ratification nisi is passed running for thirty days, and must
be published three times. Thereafter the court ratifies the sale and the attorney executes
a deed to the purchaser. In the City of Baltimore a petition must be filed in court and
the court signs a decree for the sale of the property. There is no right to redeem the
property after sale.
' Modal average.




29

H

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O

w n ers’

L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount.....................................

Percentage

Auctioneer’s Fees...............................
Advertising Cost................................
Recording Fees...................................

97
91
91
95

27-8%
56.9%
15.3%

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..

97

100.0%

Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.......

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$544,242.74
784.50

$5,610.75
8.62

1,604.99
431.98

17-64
4.55

$ 2,821.47

$

29.08

0.5%

—o —

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of advertisement................

97

Average
Time

2 months, 6 days
No breakdown

— O—

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Massachusetts is (1) by entry, or (2) by advertisement and
sale under power of sale.

The property must be advertised for three weeks and the first

advertisement must appear twentyone days before the date of sale. There is no redemp'
tion after foreclosure by sale; there is a three^year redemption period after foreclosure
by entry, but this method is rarely used by the HOLC.




30

H ome O

wners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF MICHIGAN
COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount.................................
Attorney’s Fees................................
Sheriffs Fees...................................
Advertising Cost..............................
Administrator’s Fees........................
Revenue Stamps.. . .........................
Court Costs.....................................
Recording Fees.................................
Receiver’s Expenses..........................
Abstract Expenses............................

100
100
99*
99
1
100
1
100**
3
1

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS.
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount___

100

Percentage

50.32%
3.30%
34.60%
0.34%
6.49%
0.10%
4.56%
0.23%
0.03%

Total
Amount

$491,085.76
4,555.00
299.25
3,131.88
31.10
588.00
9.56
412.80
21.00
3.00

99.97%** $ 9,051.59
9.9 %

Average
Amount

$4,910.86
45.55
3.02
31.64
31.10
5.88
9.56
4.13
7.00
3.00
$

90.52

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of advertisement................

100
100

Average
Time

1 year, 3 months, 15 days
1 year, 3 months, 1 day

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure is by court action and power of sale. Practically all of our cases
are by power of sale. The mortgagor has one year from date of sale in which to redeem,
and may remain in possession without the payment of taxes, insurance, rent, or any other
item of expense. His right of redemption expires automatically one year from the date
of sale.

* 98 out o f 99 cases reporting item reported fee of $3.00.
** 45 cases reported item $4.00, and 37 cases reported item $4.50.




31

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF MINNESOTA
COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Total
Amount

Percentage

Average
Amount

$3,732.83
60.00*
20.63

Loan Amount............................
Attorney’s Fees................................
Advertising Cost................................
Sale Costs, Including Sheriffs Fees,
Revenue Stamps, Recording Fees, .
Costs for Recording of Liens........... ..
Abstract Charges............................

100
100
100

61.2%
21.4%

$373,283.23
5,880.00
2,062.71

100
67
1

16.6%
0.7%
0.1%

1,593.16
67.00
, 8.00

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS., .
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount...

100

100.0%
2.6%

$ 9,610.87

15.93
1.00
8.00
$

96.11

—o —
TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of advertisement................

100
100

Average
Time

1 year, 2 months, 15 days
1 year, 1 month, 25 days

— O—
METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Minnesota is either by court action or by advertisement under
power of sale. The latter method is used almost exclusively. In foreclosure by ad'
vertisement, power of attorney is executed naming the attorney who will foreclose the
mortgage. Notice of foreclosure sale must be published six weeks, and personal service
of the notice must be made upon the occupant of the premises. The sale is held, and a
foreclosure record, including notice of sale, affidavit of service, affidavit of the printer,
sheriffs certificate of sale, and affidavit of attorney as to costs and disbursements, is re'
corded with the Register of Deeds or the Register of Titles. The mortgagor is entitled
to a redemption period of 12 months after date of sale. The certificate operates as a
conveyance of the land after the expiration of the redemption period.

* Modal average.




32

H om e O

w ners’

L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF MISSISSIPPI

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount.....................................
Attorney’s Fees..................................
Advertising Cost................................
Revenue Stamps.................................
Recording Fees...................................

100
100
100
100
100

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.......

100

Total
Amount

Percentage

59.5%
33.4%
4.3%
2.8%

$320,931.34
3,500.00
1,966.24
251.00
164.10

100.0% . $ 5,881.34
1.8%

Average
Amount
$3,209.31
35.00
19.66
2.51
1.64
$

58.81

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of advertisement................

100
100

Average
Time

2 months, 14 days
1 month, 24 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Mississippi is by power of sale. Notice must be published
three weeks prior to the sale date. There is no redemption period. Suit for deficiency
judgment must be brought within one year from the date of sale.




33

H ome O

w n ers’

Lo an C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF MISSOURI

COSTS

Loan Amount....................................
Advertising Cost.............................. .
Revenue Stamps............................... ..
Recording Fees................................ ..

Total

Percentage

Number
ofCases

Items

Amount

99
99
99
99

78.5%
10.2%
11.3%
100.0%
0.7%

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS*
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount...

$343,025.57
1,763.80
230.50
253.45

Average

Amount
$3,464.90
17.82
2.33
2.56

$ 2,247.75**

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
ofCases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of advertisement............ ..

99
99

Average
Time

2 months
1 month, 16 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Missouri is by court action and power o f sale. Practically
all of our cases are by power of sale. The property must be advertised twentyone days
prior to date of sale. If the mortgagor gives a written notice at the sale or within ten
days before the sale, he may have one year from the date of sale within which to redeem
the property.

*

43 cases reporting attorney fees showed a total foreclosure cost o f $1,927.70— average, $44.83; 56 cases
cases handled by salaried personnel, reporting no attorney fees showed a total foreclosure cost o f $1,431.30—
average, $25.56.

** Includes no attorney fees.




34

H om e O

wners’

L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF MONTANA
COSTS
Item
s

N ber
um
of Cases

Percentage

Total
Amount

Average
Amount
$2,789.32
125.00*
12.32
3.64
14.47
1.50*
7.39
5.00

Loan Amount.....................................
Attorneys Fees..................................
Comm, and/or Shrfs Fees..................
Revenue Stamps.................................
Court Costs........................................
Recording Fees...................................
Title Search........................................
Administration & Guardian Fees........
Cost of Ancillary Proceedings: Pro­
bate, Guardianship, Bankruptcy, etc.

86
86
86
86
86
86
86
1

75.63%
7.62%
2.25%
8.94%
0.94%
4.57%
0.04%

$239,881.69
10,520.00
1,059.63
313.00
1,244.04
129.50
635.71
5.00

1

0.01%

2.50

2.50

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.......

86

$ 13,909.38

$ 161.74

100.0%
5.8%

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

86
86

Average
Time

1 year, 4 months, 19 days
1 year, 3 months, 2 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Montana is by court action instituted by the filing of a com'
plaint. After a decree.and order of sale is entered, the property is advertised and sold
by the Sheriff. There is a redemption period of one year from date of sale. If the prop*
erty is not redeemed, the purchaser is entitled to a deed at the expiration of the redemption
period.

*

Modal average.




35

H ome O

w ners’

Lo an C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF NEBRASKA

COSTS
Items

Total
Amount

Percentage

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount.................................. ..
Attorney’s Fees................................ .
Court Costs.................................... ..
Recording Fees................................
Abstract Fee...................................
Costs for Releases of Judgment........

97
97
97
16
95
4

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS ..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.. ,

97

45.0%
47.1%
0.2%
7.1%
0.6%
100.0%
5.4%

Average
Amount

$200,798.30
4,900.00
5,125.45
21.35
769.90
65.30

$2,070.09
50.00*
52.84
1.33
8.10
16.33

$ 10,882.00

$ 112.19

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

97
97

Average
Time

7 months, 29 days
5 months, 26 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure is by court action instituted by the filing of a petition. If
decree is entered the mortgagor may request a nine^months' stay of execution. If this
stay is requested, it is usually granted. When this period expires the property is adver­
tised and sold by the sheriff. Sheriff1 deed vests title in the purchaser.
s

* Modal average.




36

H ome O

w ners’

L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF NEVADA
COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Total
Amount

Percentage

Average
Amount

Loan Amount.....................................
Attorney’s Fees..................................
Comm, and/or Shrf’s Fees..................
Revenue Stamps.................................
Court Costs........................................
Recording Fees...................................
Title Search........................................
Cost of Ancillary Proceedings: Probate, Guardianship, Bankruptcy, etc.

6
6
6
6
6
6
6

59.8%
18.3%
2.8%
13.2%
1.3%
4.4%

$ 34,860.14
800.00
244.35
37.00
176.94
17.10
60.00

$5,810.02
133.33
40.73
6.17
29.49
2.85
10.00

1

0.2%

2.65

2.65

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.......

6

100.0%
3.8%

$ 1,338.04

$ 223.01

—o —
TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
ofCases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

6
6

Average
Time

1 year, 8 months, 22 days
1 year, 3 months, 12 days

— O—
METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Nevada is by court action instituted by the filing of a petition.
Judgment and decree is entered directing the sale of the property by the Sheriff. Notice
of sale must be given by advertisement for at least thirty days. The sale must be confirmed
by the Court. There is a redemption period of one year from date of sale and deed is
issued after the expiration of the redemption period.




—O—
37

H ome O

w ners'

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

COSTS
Number
of Cases

Items

Loan Amount..................................
Attorney's Fees...............................
Auctioneer s Fees............................
Advertising Cost............................
Revenue Stamps..............................
Recording Fees............................... ..

95
80
90
93
90
93

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS.
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount...

95

60.6%
7.8%
21.2%
4.6%
5.8%
100.0%
2.0%

Average
Amount

Total
Amount

Percentage

$328,938.26
4,075.00
525.00
1,428.96
311.90
387.32

$3,462.50
50.00
5.83
15.37
3.47
4.16

$ 6,728.18

$

70.82

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.

95

Average
Time

1 month, 27 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in New Hampshire is by power of sale. Notice of sale must
be published once a week for three weeks and the first publication may not be less than
twentyone days before the day of sale. A copy of the notice must be served on the mort'
gagor or sent by registered mail, addressed to him at his last known address. The sale
must be held on the premises except where a different place is agreed upon in the mortgage.
The person selling under the power of sale must, within thirty days after the sale, cause
a copy of the notice and an affidavit of his acts to be recorded in the Registry of Deeds
in the County wherein the property is situated. There is no redemption period after
the sale.




38

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF NEW JERSEY
COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount...................................
Attorney s Fees................................
Court Costs**..................................

100
100*
100

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS.
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount___

100

Percentage

38.0%
62.0%
100.0%
4-7%

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$471,427.34
8,455.00
13,773.92

$4,714.27
84.55
137.74

$ 22,228.92

$ 222.29

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

100
100

Average
Time

6 months, 3 days
4 months, 21 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Foreclosure is by proceeding in Equity instituted by the filing of a bill of complaint.
In due time a decree is entered ordering the mortgaged property sold. The property
must be advertised four weeks prior to date of sale and the sale must be confirmed by the
court. The officer selling the property executes a deed of conveyance to the purchaser.
There is no redemption period unless a suit for deficiency is instituted. If the mortgagor
does not answer, he is allowed six months from the date of entry of judgment within which
to redeem the property.

¥ 62

cases reported Attorney's Fees in the amount of $90.00.
37 cases reported Attorney’s Fees in the amount of $75.00.
1 case reported Attorney’s Fees in the amount o f $100.00.
’ Lump sum only is available for total court costs. (Applies to all of Region IB.)




39

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF NEW MEXICO
COSTS
Items

Number
of Casea

Percentage

Loan Amount.....................................
Attorney's Fees..................................
Special Master’s Fees..........................
Advertising Cost................................
Revenue Stamps..................................
Court Costs........................................
Recording Fees...................................
Abstract Fees.....................................
Receiver’s Fees..............................

16
16
14
16
12
14
14
15
6

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.......

16

54.0%
7.8%
11.4%
1.5%
6.8%
0.9%
12.1%
5.5%
100.0%
6-9%

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$ 40,488.13
1,516.29
220.00
320.11
41.00
189.55
25.50
338.65
155.00

$2,530.51
100.00*
15.71
20.01
3.42
13.54
1.82
22.58
25.83

$ 2,806.10

$ 175.38

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

16
16

Average
Time

14 months, 22 days
13 months

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in New Mexico is by court action instituted by the filing of a
complaint. Final decree is entered ordering the property sold by a special master. Notice
of sale must be published for four consecutive weeks with last publication at least three
days before date of sale. No foreclosure sale can be held until 60 days after date of decree
within which time the mortgagee may discharge the mortgage and avoid the sale. The
property is sold and the special master executes a deed to the purchaser. There is a
redemption period of nine months from date of sale.

* Modal average.




40

H ome O

w ners

L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF NEW YORK
COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount................................. .
Attorney’s Fees...............................
Auctioneer’s or Trustee’s Fees.........
Advertising Cost.............................
Referee’s Fees...................................
Revenue Stamps...............................
Court Costs.....................................
Recording Fees.................................
Service Fees.......... ...........................
Title Search......................................

73
73
17*
73
73
73
73
73
73
73

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS.
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount___

73

Percentage

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

40.0%
2.0%
17.5%
29.1%
1.3%
2.3%
0-7%
1.7%
5.4%

$389,039.04
9,125.00
460.00
4,003.78
6,632.25
287.50
524.99
166.13
391.45
1,224.37

$5,329.30
125.00
27.06
54.85
90.85
3.94
7.19
2.28
5.36
16.77

100.0%
5.9%

$ 22,815.47

$ 312.54

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition..........................

73.
73

Average
Time

5 months, 29 days
3 months, 17 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
The method of foreclosure in New York is either by court action or by sale after notice
and advertisement, if the mortgage contains the customary power of sale. In either
method sale is at auction and tie holder of the mortgage may bid. In neither case is
there any right to redeem after sale. Foreclosure by court action is preferable and is
the method generally used by the Corporation.

* There are no auctioneers' fees in the Upstate Districts.




41

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA
COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount.................... ...............
Attorney’s Fees.................. ..............
Trustee’s Fees.................... ...............
Advertising Cost................................
Commissioner’s Fees.......... ...............
Revenue Stamps................ ................
Court Costs........................................
Recording Fees.................. ...............

99
99
63
99
1
99
99
67

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.......

99

Total
Amount

Percentage

55.5%
2.0%
22.5%
0.4%
6.8%
12.8%
—
100.0%
1.4%

Average
Amount

$437,476.72
3,520.41
128.00
1,428.18
25.00
433.00
808.70*
193.95*

$4,418.96
35.56
2.03
14.43
25.00
4.37
8.17
2.89

$ 6,343.29

$ 64.07

— O—
TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Number
of Cases

Period

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of advertisement................

99
99

Average
Time

2 months, 7 days
1 month, 16 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in North Carolina is either by court action or by power o f sale;
the latter method is almost exclusively used. Sale under a power must be advertised
once a week for 4 weeks and notice must be given by posting at the court house door for
30 days next preceding the sale. The trustee sells the property and the sale must be
reported to the Clerk of the Superior Court for approval or upset bid. Trustee executes
the deed to purchaser. There is no redemption period after the sale.

* Total recording costs (fees) have been added to the total court costs, assuming those cases showing no
recording fees have included the same in the total court costs.




42

H om e O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Attorney’s Fees.

Abstract Fees.....................................
Costs of Death Certificate and Probate
Court Certificate............................
Miscellaneous Costs...........................
TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.......

Percentage

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$2,782.12
60.00*
16.40
16.13
3.48
6.50*
4.83
6.54

99
98
92
95
99
97
99
97

51.8%
13.3%
13.5%
3.0%
5.7%
4.2%
5.5%

$275,430.17
5,894.50
1,508.85
1,532.24
344.50
639.34
478.54
634.05

7
7

0.5%
2.5%

61.69
285.19

8.81
40.74

99

100.0%
4.1%

$ 11,378.90

$ 114.94

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition.........................

99
99

Average
Time

1 year, 5 months, 18 days
1 year, 4 months, 4 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Foreclosure is by court action. Notice of intention to foreclose must be served on the
record owner and foreclosure proceedings must be commenced within 90 days thereafter
by the filing of a complaint. Attorney must have a power of attorney to foreclose a
mortgage, which must be recorded before the sale. After judgment is entered, the
property is advertised and sold. The sheriff executes a certificate of sale to the purchaser,
which is recorded. There is a redemption period of one year from date of sale, and if the
premises are not redeemed within one year from the date of sale, the sheriff executes a
deed to the purchaser.
* Modal average.




43

H ome O

w ners’

Lo an C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF OHIO

COSTS
Number
of Cases

Items

Loan Amount..................................
Attorney’s Fees...............................
Trustee's or Auctioneer’s Fees........
Advertising Cost............................
Referee or Commissioner’s Fees. . . .
Revenue Stamps.............................. ..
Court Costs....................................
Recording Fees................................
Appraisal........................................
Title Fee......................................... ..

99
98
3
46
2
99
99
92
28
34

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount

99

Total
Amount

Percentage

39.5%
o .i%
0.1%
3.1%
49.6%
1.1%
2.9%
3.6%
100.0%
2.9%

Average
Amount

$431,175.18
4,900.00
12.50
833.56**
10.00
386.50
6,163.04
140.18
363.00
445.00

$4,335.30
50.00
4.17
18.12
5.00
3.90
62.25
1.52
15.00*
15.00*

$ 12,420.22

$ 125.46

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition. . ......................

98
98

Average
Time

4 months, 14 days
3 months, 24 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Ohio is by court action instituted by the filing of a petition,
A judgment of foreclosure is entered in due course and an order of sale issues. The
property is advertised and sold by the sheriff and the sale must be confirmed by the court.
There is no redemption period after confirmation of sale. However, in Cuyahoga County
the courts have taken it upon themselves to allow the mortgagor a six months’ period
between the time petition is filed and judgment is rendered.

* Modal Average rather than Arithmetical Average*
** Total advertising cost is included in total court costs.




44

H ome O

w ners’

L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF OKLAHOMA

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount.................... ...............
Attorney’s Fees................ ................
Advertising Cost.............. ................
Commissioner’s Fees.......... . ..............
Revenue Stamps................ ...............
Court Costs...................... ................
Recording Fees.................. ...............
Abstract Fees.................... ...............
Sheriff’s Fees...................... ...............
Receiver’s Fees.................. ...............

84
64
61
1
83
84
83
84
82
28

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.......

**

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$261,450.02
3,375.00
1,421.65
35.00
226.50
1,249.61
160.15
2,863.85
1,139.26
530.27

$5,112.50
50.00*
23.31
35.00
2.73
14.88
1.93
34.09
13.89
18.94

Percentage

30.7%
12.9%
0.3%
2-1%
11.3%
1.5%
26.0%
10.4%
4.8%

**

100.0%
4.2%

*•

— O—
TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel . 8 4
From date of petition..........................
84

Average
Time
11 months, 19 days
9 months, 20 days

— O—
METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Oklahoma is by court action instituted by the filing of a
petition. After judgment is entered the property must be appraised, unless waived by
the mortgage, and may not be sold for less than 2/3 of the appraised value. Where
appraisal is waived, as in HOLC mortgage, the property may not be sold until six months
after date of judgment. Notice of sale must be published for 30 days prior to date of
sale, and the sale must be confirmed by the court. Sheriff executes a deed to the pur­
chaser. There is no redemption period after date of sale.
* Modal average.
** 64 cases using fee attorneys reported a total foreclosure cost of $8,955.20; average $139.93. 20 cases not
using fee attorneys reported a total foreclosure cost of $2,046.09; average, $10230. Grand total, $11,001.29;
average, $130.97.




45

H ome O

w ners'

L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF OREGON
COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount.....................................
Attorney’s Fees..................................
Comm, and/or Shrfs Fees.........
Revenue Stamps..................................
Court Costs........................................
Recording Fees...................................
Title Search...................................... .
Adm. 6? Guardian Fees......................
Cost of Ancillary Proceedings: Pro*
bate, Guardianship, Bankruptcy, etc.
TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Am ount.. . .

Average
Amount

Total
Amount

Percentage

$2,809.25
73.70
12.60
3.42
21.07
1.90*
. 15.00*
10.00

4

56.5%
9.7%
2.6%
16.2%
1.5%
12.0%
0.3%

$280,924.61
7,370.00
1,259.91
341.50
2,107.46
201.35
1,561.00
40.00

7

1-2%

155.80

22.26

100

100.0%
4.6%

$ 13,037.02

$ 130.37

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatch to State Counsel..
From date of petition..........................

100
100

Average
Time

1 year, 5 months
1 year, 3 months, 10 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Oregon is by court action instituted by the filing of a com'
plaint. Decree is entered and the property is advertised and sold by the Sheriff. The
sale may not be confirmed for at least ten days. There is a redemption period of one year
from date of sale, and deed is issued after expiration of the redemption period.
— O—
* Modal average.




46

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a tio n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA
COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount.................... ...............
Attorney s Fees................. ...............
Advertising Cost.............. ................
Revenue Stamps................ ...............
Court Costs.......................................
Recording Fees.................. ...............
Sheriff*s Poundage.............. ...............

99
99
99
64
99
10
87

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount___

99

Total
Am
ount

Percentage

31.8%
41.5%
0.4%
21.7%
0.4%
4.2%
100.0%
3.6%

Avenge
Amount

$429,805.89
4,977.50
6,504.21
57.30
3,396.96**
57.00
675.84

$4,341.47
50.00*
65.70
.90
34.31
5.70
7.77

$ 15,668.81

$ 158.27

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Number
of Cases

Period

From date dispatched to State Counsel
From date of petition.........................

99
99

Average

Tim
e

2 months, 6 days
1 month, 19 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Pennsylvania is either (l) by a writ of Scire Facias Sur mortgage,
or (2) by entering judgment on the bond. (l). Scire Facias may not issue until one year
after default, unless this condition is expressly waived. Judgment is entered on the Scire
Facias and the property sold on execution. (2) The other method is to enter judgment on
the bond, which is usually accompanied by a warrant to confess judgment, and to sell the
property in execution of this judgment, which becomes a lien as of the date upon which the
mortgage was recorded. There is no redemption from a foreclosure sale*

* Modal average.
.
** Includes recording fees, except for 10 cases listed under Recording rees.




47

H ome O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF RHODE ISLAND

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount.....................................
Auctioneer’s Fees...............................
Advertising Cost................................
Revenue Stamps..................................
Recording Fees. . ...............................

98
98
97
72
80

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Am ount.. . .

98

Percentage

23.0%
56.4%
9.9%
10.7%
100.0%
0.8%

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$534,307.41
1,006.93
2,469.62
432.75
472.65

$5,452.12
10.27
25.46
6.01
5.91

$ 4,381.95

$

44.72

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel

98

Average
Time

2 months, 10 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Rhode Island is generally by power of sale. Publication must
be made once a week for three weeks, and the first publication must be at least twenty-one
days prior to the date of sale. The property is sold by an auctioneer, and the foreclosure
deed is executed and recorded. There is no redemption period after date of sale.




48

H ome O

w n ers’

L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Commissioner’s Fees.
Court Costs............
Administrator ad litem, Guardian ad
litem..........
TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS.
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount...,

Percentage

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

98
98
81
97
98
98
96
93

50.0%
1.2%
14.0%
20.2%
10.0%
1*1%
3.3%

6

0.2%

35.00

5.83

98

100.0%
4.7%

$ 12,078.94

$ 123.25

$255,989.49
6,043.34*
143.00
1,690.12
2,438.69
1,206.73
128.25
393.81

$2,612.14
61.67
1.57
17.42
24.88
12.31
1.34
4.23

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel
From date of petition..........................

98
98

Average
Time

3 months, 26 days
2 months, 28 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in South Carolina is by court action instituted by the filing of a
complaint. The case is referred to a Master in Equity who hears the case. Decree of
foreclosure is signed by the Court and sale is ordered. The property is advertised and
the sale held by Master in Equity. The bidding remains open for thirty days for upset
bids, but the bidder at the sale may neither directly nor indirectly raise his bid during this
period. Deed is executed to the purchaser. There is no redemption period after fore'
closure sale.
* $123.34 was added to the total attorney fees and total foreclosure costs to compensate for cases reporting
no attorney fees, said cases having been handled by salaried personnel.




49

H

ome

O

w ners’

Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA
COSTS
Items

Number
o f Cases

Loan Amount................................... ,
Attorney’s Fees.............................. .
Recording Fees (Certificate of Sale). ..
Sale Costs........................................ . .
Abstract Fees..................................
Recording Fees (Deed).................... ..

Average
Amount

$225,122.58

100

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS . .
Cost Percentage of Loan Am ount..

Total
Amount

$2,251.23
25.00*
1.07
30.77
3.84
6.49

Percentage

13
99

45.5%
1.3%
43.4%
0.7%
9.1%

3,220.00

100

1 0 0 .0 %

$ 7,083.72

100

88
100

94.15
3,077.27
49.90
642.40

$

70.84

3.1%

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel 99
From date of advertisement................ 100

Average
Time

1 year, 2 months, 5 days
1 year, 1 month, 25 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Foreclosure in South Dakota may be either (1) by court action, or (2) by advertisement
under power of sale. (1). Foreclosure by court action is instituted by the filing o f a com'
plaint. After judgment and order of sale, the property is advertised once a week for 30
days and sold by the sheriff or referee. Certificate of sale issues to the purchaser and must
be recorded. There is a one-year redemption period from date of sale, and if there is no
redemption deed is issued to the purchaser. (2). To foreclose by advertisement, notice
o f foreclosure must be given by publication once a week for four weeks. . Sale must be'
made by the sheriff, and certificate of sale is issued to the purchaser and recorded. There
is a redemption period of one year from date of sale, and if there is no redemption deed
issues to the purchaser.
* Modal average.




50

H ome O

w ners’

L o a m C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF TENNESSEE

COSTS
Number
of Cases

Loan Amount...................................
Attorney’s Fees....................
Advertising Cost...............................
Revenue Stamps...............................
Recording Fees...................................
State Tax 6? Clerk’s Fee.....................

98
98
98
98
98
1

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount. . . .

98

Percentage

64.5%
28.4%
3.6%
3.3%
0.2%

Total
Amount

$323,179.75
4,900.00
2,154.07
275.50
254.35
11.65

100.0%
2.4%

7,595.57

Average
Amount

$3,297.75
50.00
21.98
2.81
2.60
11.65
$

77.51

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel
From date of advertisement___ _____

98
98

Average
Time

1 month, 28 days
1 month, 11 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Tennessee is by power of sale contained in the deed of trust.
Publication of notice of foreclosure must be made at least twenty days before the date of
sale and must appear at least three times in some newspaper published in the county where
the sale is to be made. Deed is executed by the trustee to the purchaser. Sale without
advertisement is not void, the provision for advertisement being merely discretionary,
A redemption period of one year is permitted, unless waived. The redemption period is
waived in HOLC deeds of trust.




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L oan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF TEXAS

COSTS
Items

Number
ofCases

Loan Amount.....................................
Revenue Stamps..................................
Recording Fees...................................

93
93
93

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.. . .

93

Percentage

34.8%
65.2%
100.0%
0.2%

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$223,836.74
167-50
314.30

$2,406.85
1.80
3.38

$

$

481.80

5.18

—o —
TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel
From date of petition or advertisement

93
93

Average
Time

1 month, 10 days
21.9 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Texas is either (l) by court action, or (2) by power of sale*
(1). Foreclosure by court action is instituted by the filing of a petition. Judgment is
entered and an abstract of judgment is recorded. The judgment becomes final after 30
days and an order of sale issues to the sheriff. Notice of sale must be published once a
week for four weeks. The sheriff sells to the highest bidder at the sale and executes a deed
to the purchaser. (2). Foreclosure by trustee’s sale under power of sale in the deed of
trust is effected by advertising the property by posting for 21 consecutive days prior to
date of sale at three public places in the county. The trustee conducts the sale, selling
to the highest bidder, and executes a deed to the purchaser. There is no redemption period
after date of sale in either method.




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L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF UTAH

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount....................
Attorney’s Fees................
Comm, and/or Shrfs Fees............... . .
Revenue Stamps..........................
Court Costs................................
Recording Fees...........................
Title Search.................................
Cost of Ancillary Proceedings: Pro­
bate, Guardianship, Bankruptcy, etc.
TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS.
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount...

.

Percentage

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

66.2%
12.8%
2.6%
12.7%
1-4%
3-9%

$321,751.15
10,485.00
2,031.88
406.50
2,009.72
216.50
622.04

$3,217.51
104.85
20.32
4.07
20.10
2.17
6.22

4

0.4%

60.95

15.24

100

100.0%
4.9%

$15,832.59

$ 158.33

100

TIME TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel 100
From date of petition......................... 100

Average
Time

1 year, 5 months, 1 day
1 year, 2 months, 23 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Utah is by court action instituted by the filing of a complaint.
Judgment is entered and the Sheriff is directed to proceed and sell the property. Notice
must be given for twenty days by posting in three public places, and publishing once a
week for the same period. The Sheriff sells the property and issues a certificate of sale to
the purchaser. There is a redemption period of six months from date of sale. If there
is no redemption, the purchaser is entitled to a deed at the end of the redemption period.




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Lo an C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF VERMONT

COSTS
Number
of Cases

Item
s

Loan Amount.................................. ..
Attorney's Fees................................
Court Costs..................................... .

42
42
42

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount. ..

42

Total
Amount

Percentage

64.4%
35.6%
100.0%
2.2%

Average
Amount

$187,397-12
2,626.80
1,453.02

$4,461.84
65.00*
34.59

$ 4,079.82

$

97-14

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel.
From date of petition. ......................

35
32

Average

Time

9 months, 9 days
8 months, 27 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Vermont is fay suit in chancery. The proceeding is one of
strict foreclosure. The period of redemption is one year, but the Chancellor may shorten
this period if the security is insufficient. Title passes to the mortgagee if the property
is not redeemed within the time fixed by the decree.

* Modal average.




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Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF VIRGINIA

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount...................................
Attorney’s Fees...............................
Trustee’s Fees..................................
Advertising Cost..............................
Sheriff’s Fees.....................................
Revenue Stamps...............................
Court Costs........ .............................
Recording Fees.................................
Mileage.............................................
Cost of Hand Bills............................

100
100
99
100
100
100
2
100
2
1

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS.
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount...

100

Percentage

Tout

Am
ount

Average
Amount

42.3%
10.3%
33.0%
3.8%
4.8%
0.1%
5.4%
0.2%
0.1%

$551,262.83
4,000.00
977.50
3,120.79
358.00
457.00
1.00
509.42
20.00
4.00

$5,512.63
40.00
10.00*
31.21
3.50*
4.57
.50
5.09
10.00
4.00

100.0%
1.7%

$ 9,447.71

$ 94.48

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
ofCases

From date dispatched to State Counsel 100
From date of advertisement................ 100

Average
Time

20 days
8 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Virginia is by power of sale under deed of trust. Deed of
trust may be foreclosed in equity, but application should be made to the court only when
its aid is necessary. HOLC deed of trust provides that the trustee shall advertise the
property by placing “ A notice of time, place, and terms of sale for 5 times in some news*
paper published in or having a general circulation in the county wherein the property
lies.” The sale must be at public auction and deed is executed by the trustee to the pur*
chaser. When the deed is recorded it must be noted by the Clerk on the margin of the
record of the encumbrance. Trustee must make a report to the Commissioner of Accounts.
There is no redemption period after sale.
! Modal average.




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Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF WASHINGTON

COSTS
Item
s

Number
of Cases

Total
Amount

Percentage

Average
Amount
$2,506.41
74.08
22.96
3.28
22.70
1.50*
10.00*
10.00

Loan Amount.................................. .
Attorneys Fees................................ .
Comm, and/or Shrfs Fees............... .
Revenue Stamps..............................
Court Costs.................................... ,
Recording Fees................................ . .
Title Search..................................... ..
Adm. and Guardian’s Fees..................
Cost of Ancillary Proceedings: Probate,
Guardianship, Bankruptcy, e tc...

100
100
100
100
100
100
96
1

55.1%
17.1%
2.4%
16.9%
1.1%
7.1%
0.1%

$250,640.79
7,407.50
2,295.95
327.50
2,270.35
152.15
957.25
10.00

2

0.2%

18.95

9.48

TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS ..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount...

100

100.0%
5.4%

$ 13,439.65

$ 134.40

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel 100
From date of petition.......................... 100

Average
Time
1 year, 5 months, 23 days
1 year, 4 months, 6 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Washington is by court action instituted by the filing of a
complaint. Decree and order of sale is entered and notice of sale is given by posting
in three public places for four weeks prior to sale and by publishing once a week for the
same period. Property is sold at public auction by the sheriff and the sale may be con*
finned by the Court at any time after ten days from the date thereof. There is a redemp*
tion period of one year from date of sale. If the property is not redeemed the sheriff
executes and delivers deed to the purchaser.
* Modal average.




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L o a n C o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA

COSTS
Item
s

Number
ofCases

Loan Amount.................................. ..
Trustee’s Fees................................. ..
Advertising C ost........................... .
Revenue Stamps............................. .,
Court Costs.......................................
Recording Fees..... ........................... .,

100
90
100
100
96
100

TO TAL FORECLOSURE COSTS,..
Cost Percentage of Loan Am ount...

100

Percentage

46.7%
39.8%
6.1%
2.6%
4.8%
100.0%
1.2%

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

$475,120.45
2,660.00
2,268.00
343.00
148.50
273.25

$4,751.20
30.00
22.68
3.43
1.55
2.75*

$ 5,692.75

$

56.93

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel 100
From date of advertisement................ 100

Average
Time

1 month, 25 days
1 month, 6 days

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure is by power of sale. Notice of sale must be published at least
once a week for four successive weeks, and a copy of such notice must be posted at the front
door o f the court house for a like period. Notice must also be served on the grantor,
if within the county, at least 20 days before sale. There is no right to redemption after
foreclosure sale under deed of trust*

* M odal average rather than arithmetical average.




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FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF WISCONSIN

COSTS
Items

Attorney’s Fees................................ ..
Revenue Stamps.............................. ..
•
Recording Fees..........................
Abstract Charges............................
Photo of Note & M tge...................
?
Expert Testimony (Appr.)..............
TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS ..
Cost Percentage of Loan Am ount...

Total
Amount

Percentage

Number
of Cases

73
73
73
73
1
66
11
1
73

52.7%
2-9%
33.3%
0.0%
10.2%
0.5%
0.4%
100.0%
3.1%

Average
Amount

$406,566.73
6,540.00
360.00
4,124.41
1.40
1,262.04
67.80
50.00

$5,569.41
89.59
4.93
56.50
1.40
19.12
6.16
50.00

$ 12,405.65

$ 169.94

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel
From date of petition..........................

73
73

Average
Time

17 months
16 months

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Foreclosure in Wisconsin is by court action instituted by the filing of a complaint*
In fdue course a judgment of foreclosure and sale is entered ordering the mortgaged premises
sold. However, sale cannot be held until one year after the date of entry of judgment.
Notice of the time and place of holding the sale must be given by publicatioaonce a week
in a newspaper of the County where the property is situated and posting a copy of said
notice in three public places in the town where the real estate is sold. The sale must be
confirmed by the court and a deficiency judgment may be demanded if property did not
realize enough to satisfy the debt. After die sale has been confirmed the sheriffs or ref'
eree’s deed passes the title of the mortgagor to the purchaser without any right of re'
demption.

Note:




Publication for Sale, Sheriffs* Fees and Recording Fees are included in Court Costs.

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Loan C

o r p o r a t io n

FORECLOSURE COSTS
STATE OF WYOMING

COSTS
Items

Number
of Cases

Loan Amount.............................. . . . .
Attorney’s Fees.......................
Comm, and/or ShrFs Fees........... . . . .
Revenue Stamps..........................
Court Costs.................................
Recording Fees............................ . . . .
Title Search................................. .. . .
Cost of Ancillary Proceedings: Pro'
bate, Guardianship, Bankruptcy,, etc.
TOTAL FORECLOSURE COSTS..
Cost Percentage of Loan Amount.

Percentage

16

Total
Amount

Average
Amount

8
16
15

61.7%
23.9%
1.8%
3.1%
1.2%
7.9%

$ 38.772.09
1,720.00
666.53
49.50
87.30
32.55
219.93

$2,423.26
107.50
41.66
3.09
10.91
2.03
14.66

1

0.4%

10.00

10.00

16

100.0%
7.2%

$ 2,785.81

$ 174.11

16

TIM E TO FORECLOSE
Period

Number
of Cases

From date dispatched to State Counsel
From date of petition or advertisement

16
16

Average
Time

1 year, 4 months, 27 days
1 year, 3 months, 1 day

METHOD OF FORECLOSURE
Method of foreclosure in Wyoming is either by court action or by power of sale.
In the latter method advertisment must be once a week for four weeks. Foreclosure by
court action is instituted by the filing o f a complaint. After judgment is entered sale is
ordered. The property is advertised for sale once a week for four weeks and the sale is
by public auction. Certificate of sale is executed by the sheriff and given to the purchaser.
The debtor is entitled to a six months’ redemption period, and judgment creditors to nine
months’. If there is no redemption, deed is issued after the expiration of the redemption
period.




59