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UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
WASHINGTON

SURVEY OF
CURRENT BUSINESS
NOVEMBER, 1929
No. 99

ISSUED BY

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS

IMPORTANT NOTICE
In addition to figures given from Government sources, there are also incorporated for completeness of
service figures from other sources generally accepted by the trades, the authority and responsibility for
•which are noted in the "Sources of Data" on pages 139-142 of the August, 1929, semiannual issue




INTRODUCTION
The SURVEY #F CURRENT BUSINESS is designed to
resent ea$h tno&th a picture of the business situation
y setting forth th6 principal facts regarding the variou^ lines of trade and industry. The figures reported
aye very largely those already in. existence. The
chief function of the department is to bring together
these d&t^which, if available at all, are scattered
in hundreds of different publications. A portion of
these data are collected by Government departments,
Oijher figures are compiled by technical journals, and
still others ar0 reported by trade association^.
At sepuaimtial intervals detailed tables are published giving, for each iteri}, monthly figures for the
past two years and yearly comparisons, where avaUahte, back to J913; also blank lines sufficient for six
motiths have b^$n l^f t at the bottom of each table,
'enabling those who care to do so to enter new figures
as soon as they appear (see August, 1929, issue). In
the intervening months the more important comparisohsi only are giten in the table entitled "Trend of
busjbiess motetetents."

E

^E$KLY SUPPLEMENT
Realizing that current statistics are highly perishable and th^t to be of u^e they must reach the business
man at the earliest possible moment, the department
has arranged to distribute supplements every week to
subscribed iii the United States. The supplements are
ustially mailed on Saturdays and give such information
0& has been received during the week ending on the
preceding Tuesday. The monthly information contained in these bulletins is repubttshed in the SURVEY*
and the supplements also contain charts and tables
of Weekly data.

designed to show the trend of an entire group of
industries or for the country as a whole, instead of for
the single commodity or industry which the relative
number, covers. Comparisons with the base year or
with other periods are made in the same manner as in
the case of relative numbers,
RATIO CHARTS
In most instances the charts used in the SURVEY
OF CURRENT BUSINESS are of the type termed "Ratio
Charts" (logarithmic scale), notably the Business
Indicator charts on page 2. These charts $how the
percentage increase and allow eU*ect comparisons
between the slope of one curve and that of any other
curve regardless of its location 01^ the'diagram; that
is, a 10 per cent increase in an item is given the same
vertical movement whether its curve is near the bottorn or near the top of the chart. The difference
between this and the ordinary arithmetic form of
chart can be made cjear by an example* If a certain
item having a relative number of 400 in one month
increases 10 per cent ib the fallowing month, its
relative number will be 440, and on an ordinary
chart would be plotted 40 equidistant scale points
higher than the preceding months* Another movement with a relative number of, say, 50 also increases
10 per cent, making its relative number $5. On the
ordinary (arithmetic) scale this item would rise only 5
equidistant points, whereas the previous item rose 40
points, yet each showed the same percentage increase.
The ratio charts aivoid difficulty ahcjl give to each
of the two movements exactly the same vertical rise,
and hence the slopes of the two lines are directly comparable* The ratio charts compare percentage changes,
while the arithmetic charts Compare absolute changes,

RELATIVE AND INPEX NUMBERS

RECORD BOOK

To facilitate,comparison between different important itetris $,ndl to cna,rt series expressed in different
units, relativ$ numbers (often called"index nunqiWs;"a terM referring more particularly to a special
kind o| number described below) have been calculated. The monthly average for 1923-1925 has
usually beep used as a base equal to 100.
The relative numbers are computed by allowing the
monthly iyerage for the base year or period to equal
100. If the Movement for a current month is greater
th&n the base, the relative number will be greater than
100, and vipe Versa. The difference between 100 and
the relative number will give at once the per cent
increase or decrease compared with the base period.
Thus ia relatiyri number of 115 means an, increase of 15
per cent over the jbase period, while a relative number
of 80 me^aris a decrease of 20 p0r cent from the ba^.
Relatiyp numbers may also be used to calculate the
approximate percentage increase or decrease in a movement from one* period to the next. Thus, if a relative
number at one month is 120 and for a later month it
is 144 thei;e has bs0en an increase of 20 per cent.
When two or more series of relative numbers are
cpmbined by a systeni of weightings, the resulting
series is denominated an index number. The index
Dumber, hy combining many relative numbers, is

As an aid to readers in comparing present data
with monthly statistics in previous years, the department is compiling a RECORD BOOK OF BUSINESS
STATISTICS, in which data now carried in the SURVEY
OP CURRENT BUSINESS are shown by months as far
back as 1909, if available. Full descriptions of the
figures and reports of how the data are used in actual
ractice by business firms are contained in the KECQRD
OOK. The sections covering textiles, metata, and fuels,
automobiles, and hibber have already been issued and
paay be obtained for 10 cents per copy from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office,
Washington, D. C, (Dp not send stamps.) Notices of
other sections will be given in the SURVEY as they are
issued.
METHODS OF USE
Methods of using and interpreting current business
statistics have been collected by the department
from many business concerns and are described in a
booklet entitled "How to Use Current Business
Statistics," together with methods of collecting statistics. This booklet may be obtained from the
Superintendent of Documents, Grovemment Printing
Office, Washington, D. C^ at 15 cents per copy. (Do
not send stamps.)
j

g

This issue presents practically complete data for the month of September and contains text covering the early weeks of
October (pagel), for which the basic figures in table and chart form are presented regularly in the weekly supplement*.
As most data covering a particular month's business are not available until from 15 to 30 days after the close of the month,
"a complete picture of that month's operations can not be presented at an i early date, but the weekly supplements give every
week the latest data available*
' '
.



SURVEY OF
CURRENT BUSINESS
P U B L I S H E D BY

U N I T E D STATES DEPARTMENT OF C O M M E R C E
Subscription price of the SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS is 31.50 a year; single copies (monthly), 10 cents, semiannual issues, 25 cents.
Foreign subscriptions, 32.25; single copies (monthly issues), including postage, 14 cents; semiannual issues, 36 cents. Subscription
price of COMMERCE REPORTS is 34 a year; with the SURVEY, 35.50 a year. Make remittances only to Superintendent of Documents,
Washington, D. C., by postal money order, express order, or New York draft. Currency at sender's risk. Postage stamps or foreign
money not accepted

No. 99

November, 1929

WASHINGTON

CONTENTS
SUMMARIES

Preliminary summary for October
Business conditions in September
Monthly business indicators (table and chart)
Measures of industrial and commercial activity (charts):
New building contracts and automobile production.
Mineral production and railroad ton-mileage
Factory employment, manufacturing, and electricpower production
Check payments and retail trade
Prospective car loadings, fourth quarter, 1929
Indexes of business

Page
1
4
2,3

15
17

DETAILED TABLES

Lumber production, by States, 1927 and 1928
(Shipments of prepared roofing
Movement of grain prices

20
20
21, 22

INDEX BY SUBJECTS

Textiles
Metals and metal products
Fuels
Automobiles and rubber
Hides and leather
Paper and printing
Building construction and housing.
Lumber products
Stone, clay, and glass products
Chemicals and oils
Foodstuffs and tobacco
Transportation and public utilities.
Employment and wages
Distribution movement (trade, etc.)
Banking, finance, and insurance
Foreign exchange and trade

Text
page
9
10
11
11
11
12
12
12
13
14
5
14
14
14

Table
page

23,24
24-28
29
28,30
30,31
31,32
32
33,34
34,35
35-37
37-40
40-42
42,43
44
44-46
46-48

PRELIMINARY SUMMARY FOR OCTOBER
The volume of commercial transactions during the
-early weeks of October, as reflected by check payments,
was considerably larger than in the corresponding
period of 1928. Reports from Detroit indicate lower
factory employment in the automotive industry than
.at this time a year ago. Operations in steel plants
during October were lower than in either the preceding
month or October of last year. The production of
petroleum showed a rather marked decline from the
preceding month but was still above the level which
prevailed a year ago. The output of bituminous coal
was greater than in either the preceding month or
•October of last year.
New building contracts awarded during the early
weeks of the month showed a lower daily average than
in either the previous month or the same month of
1928. Wholesale prices, as reflected by the general
index, averaged lower than in eithei the preceding
month or the corresponding period of last year, reaching the lowest level so far recorded during 1929.

 78723r-29
1


Loans and discounts of Federal reserve member
banks continued to show expansion during October,
both as compared with the previous months and the
corresponding month of 1928. The Federal reserve
ratio showed only slight change from the previous
month but was higher than at this time last
year.
Brokers' loans reached a new high point during
October but receded rather sharply toward the close
of the month. Stock prices averaged lower than in
September but were still well above the level of last
year. Interest rates on time funds averaged lower
than in September but were higher than a year ago.
Call money rates averaged lower than in either period.
Bond prices during October showed the first upward
movement of the year but were still below the levels
of last year.
Business failures reported during the early weeks
of the month were fewer in number than in the corresponding period of 1928.
(1)

MONTHLY BUSINESS INDICATORS, 1923-1929
[Ratio charts—see explanations on inside front cover. The curves on check payments, wholesale trade, sales of mail-order houses and 10-cent chains,rand department
stores have been adjusted for normal seasonal variations, and manufacturing production for the varying number of working days in the month as well]




_

_

_

FACTORY EMPLOYMENT

WHOLESALE PRICES

NET TON-MILE OPERATION

INTEREST RATE, COMMERCIAL PAPER

PRICE OF 25 RAILROADI1TQCKS,

PRICE OF 25 INDUSTRIAL STOCKS

BUILDING CONTRACTS (FLOOR SPACE)

i.. i . . i •.. i.. i;. i . . i.. i . . i . . i . . i . . I . . i . . i . . i . . i.. i.. i
BUSINESS FAILURES, LIABILITIES

UNFILLED STEEL ORDERS

I I I I t 1 I I

923

I I M I I I I I II

I 1924

I I I I I I I I I II

I I | 1 I I I 1 .-I |

I 1925 I 1926

MONTHLY BUSINESS INDICATORS
The principal business indicators are shown below, all calculated on a comparable basis, the average for the years 1923 to 1925
inclusive. Thus the table gives a bird's-eye view of the business situation in a concise form, so that trends of the principal indicators
may be seen at a glance.
Certain indicators, in which there is a marked seasonal movement, are shown with the average seasonal variations eliminated,
as noted below. In this manner a more understanding month-to-month comparison may be made.
MONTHLY AVERAGE
1923

ITEM

1924

1225

1936

1927

1928
1928

1929

Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July

Aug. Sept.

1923-1935 monthly a?erage=*100
Industrial production:
* Total manufacturing
* Total minerals
Pig iron
Steel ingots
Automobiles..
Cement
Cotton (consumption) .
Wool (consumption)
Raw material output:
Animal products
.
Crops
Forest products
Crude petroleum
Bituminous coal
Copper
„

.

116.0
108.0
102.5
120.0
125. 6
143.9
95.9
91.8

114.0 111.0
114.0 113.0
112.9 110.5
134.5 123.2
120.2 77.8
141. 1 124.5
120.6 119.0
108.6 105.7

101.0
105.0
111,7
104.8
101.7
92.1
105.9
112.8

94.0
96.0
86.7
88.7
90.8
99.8
89.7
94.6

105.0
99.0
101.5
106.4
107.5
108. 1
104.4
92.6

108.0
107.0
109.0
113.1
108.4
110.0
108.6
8&.7

__ 100.0
92.0
99.0
_ 99.4
108.0
93.4

104.0
104.0
97.0
96.9
92.5
100.2

96.0
104.0
104.0
103.7
99.5
106.4

96.0 97.0 99.0 97.0 92.0 102.0 93.0 92.0
109.0 113.0 119.0 115.0 178.3 252.1 179.7 152.2
98.0 93.0 88.2 90.0 78.0 84.0 84.0 76.0
104.6 122.3 122.2 126.8 124.5 129.5 123.8 129.4
109 7 99.0 95.8 95.9 96.3 117.5 107.4 101.2
110.2 104.9 114.9 116.7 118.8 131.1 129.5 129.8

106.0
107.0
101.0
104.6
85.7
115.3
120 2
97.0

111.0
106.0
105.5
120.2
109.9
118.0
106.8
94.7

113.0
105.0
105.0
120.9
139. 5
150.9
102.6
95.2

113.0
112.0
112. 8
116.3
70.8
98.1
104.1
96.8

117.0
1J7.0
115.2
129.9
121.3
79.6
130.2
114. 0

117.0
120.0
107.3
125. 1
141. 1
68.6
116.5
101.3

120. 0
107.0
124.3
146.3
177.0
80.2
123.3
102.7

123.0
115. 0
122.6
142.8
187.9
110.6
123.1
103.8

124.0
116.0
130.5
152.5
182.7
129.9
130.2
102.9

128.0
112.0
124.4
141. 2
164.9
135. 2
111.1
93.0

125.0
114.0
126. 7
139.9
151.3
139.0
106.5
99.8

124.0
115.0
125.7
142.5
150.7
149.6
108.7
111.1

122.0
119.0
116.0
130.5
125.6
138. 6
106.3
105.0

96.0 80.0 88.0 99.7 108.9 111.8 116. 0 100.0 97.5
112.5 81.9 72.5 57.4 51.1 55.7 90.4 135.0 181.4
82.0 74.0 86.0 90.2 98.6 89.9 88.3 91.8 83.5
133.6 123.3 134.4 130.5 137.5 135.9 148.8 150.3 142.2
118.1 108. 5 90.3 84.7 92.2 87.4 93.3 100.7 102.1
130.9 128.5 142.1 143.9 141.6 124.9 120.1 119.6 119.3

Power and construction:
Electric power ..
92.5
Building contracts (37 States).... 89.7

98.1 109.5 122.6 133.3 146.0 149.8 145.2 158 0 154.6 157.8 164.3 148.1 159.3 157.1 161.2 154.9 159.8 165.2 159.5
92.7 117.6 111.0 106.8 121.4 118.8 114. 2 129.1 111.1 98.2 88.6 81.9 117.1 128.0 122.4 109.7 113.7 100.5 90.2

Unfilled orders:
General index
U. 8. Steel Corporation

121.7
125.8

87.0
83.6

Stocks:
General index
Manfd. commodities (28)
Cotton
Copper (refined)

94.5 102.0 103.5 114.6 120.8 122.7 107.5 116.0 132.9 137.0 141.5 138.4 136.4 132.9 127.0 121.4 118.5 121.1 126.2 136.9
93.8 103.2 103.0 106.3 112.5 116.7 115.4 111.3 110.7 113.7 120.4 125.2 124.7 121.5 118.7 117.8 117.3 118.6 113.3 110.9
102.5 91.4 108.2 145.5 163.1 123.8 52.4 89.5 155.1 181.4 187.7 169.8 149. 5 130.5 109.9 88.4 70.9 54.2 58.2 106.8
106.4 113.9 73.1 618 85.4 58.4 48.4 45.8 40.3 46.1 57.8 55.4 48.8 46.8 50.8 62.2 73.4 86.3 92.2 83.7

Employment:
Factories ._

106.6

96.2

97.8
99.9
97.6
98.2

97.1
97.4
97.6
99.4

Prices:
Farm products, to producers
Wholesale, all commodities
Ketail food
Cost of living (including food)....
Distribution, {values):
* Bank debits, 141 cities
* Wholesale trade
* Department stores, sales.
Mail-order sales, 2 houses
* 10-cent chains, sales
Imports.. _„
_
Exports
._
Transportation :
Freight net ton-miles

.

91.2 98.7
101.0 98.0
98.0 99.0
89.2 98.1
88.0 99.0
97.8 93.1
91.5 100.8
102.2

91.3
90.6

97.2

84.6
82.1

97.9

74.0 76.2
71.1 80.7

64.4




91.7

74.7
77.4

93.0

71.5 72.7
78.6 76.9

93.9 93.4

71.0
83.3

93.5

76.8
86.1

93.2

79.5
86.8

95.4

85.5
92.4

96.6

93.1
92.7

97.1

88.4
90.1

97.2

83.4
89.2

96.8

82.1
85.6

96.2

76.0
76.6

96.6

76.1
81.7

97.3

106.5 98 6 94.9 100.7 100.7 102.2 99.3 97.1 97.1 96.4 98.6 101.4 100.0 98.6 97.8 101.4 103.6 102.2
102.8 99.3 94.7 97.0 98.2 99.4 97.1 96.0 96.0 96.5 96.0 96.8 96.1 95.1 95.7 97.3 97.0 97.0
104.9 107,6 103.6 102.9 103.0 105.4 104.8 105.1 104.1 103.3 103.2 102.2 101.3 102.4 103.4 105.9 107.0 107.4
102.4 102,4 100.0 98.7 98.2 99.4 99.4 99.4 98.8 98.2 98.2 97.6 97.0 97.0 97.6 98.8 99.4 99.4
111.9
102 0
103.0
112.7
113.0
109.0
107.8

119.6
101.0
106.0
120.2
125.0
114.3
105.5

132.5
97.0
107 0
126.2
138.0
108.0
106.8

158.2
96.0
108.0
147.6
150.0
105. 5
112.6

149.9
100.6
105. 0
140.6
147.0
107.3
100.1

156.9
96.4
119.0
155.4
165.0
99.0
111.1

161. 0 165. 1
97.4 99.0
106.0 106.0
194.4 188.4
148.0 151. 0
110.0 101.1
145.1 143.5

95.9 101.9 109.1 106.0 106,5 113.6 117.3 129.2 124.6

Finance:
Member bank loans and discounts 94.1 98.5 107.4 112.9 117,3
Interest rate (commercial paper).. 116.2 90.0 93.5 100.9 95.4
Federal reserve ratio
.
99.0 104.1 96.9 96.0 99 1
Price, corporation bonds
96.4 99.9 103.6 108.0 112.5
Price, railroad stocks
86.0 96.1 117.9 133.4 182.7
Price, industrial stocks
86.1 91.9 122.0 132.4 171.4
Failures (liabilities)
106.0 106.8 87.2 80.4 102.2
' Seasonal adjustments.

91.9

74.7
75.9

126.8
112.8
89.1
113.0
174.5
214.8
95.6

125.6
124.8
90.0
109.8
173.8
213.4
137.3

127.3
130.6
86.5
111.0
178.5
226.9
80.1

128.3 129.8
127.6 124.8
87.0 84.5
111.3 112.0
178.4 186.0
234.5 252.6
82.5 95.8

172.3
94.9
116.0
227.4
163. 6
105.0
125.3

187.2
101.1
105.0
144.9
145.8
114.2
128.5

194.3
96.3
110.0
141.8
156.9
114.4
116.4

195.1
97.0
113.0
163.3
167.4
118.8
129.0

180.6
100.0
105.0
170.0
153.0
127.1
112.2

180.5
102.0
107.0
168. 2
172.0
123.9
101.4

159.0
97.0
112.0
176.4
174.0
109.4
103.6

184.8
101.0
106.0
163.0
162.0
109.6
106.2

198.2
103.0
112.0
183.7
174.0
114.4
100.4

192.8
99.0
123.0
192.8
168.0
109.3
116.4

88.4 104.8 102.2 107.8 102.7 112.6 109.1 112.5 120.4
135.4
124.8
80.2
110.7
180.3
229.0
96.2

128.7
124.8
89.9
110.8
189.3
275.0
127.1

130.6
127.6
90.5
109.6
188.3
280.3
80.3

132.4
136.4
92.6
108.0
184.9
283.7
85.7

131.3
139.2
94.9
107.6
183.7
285.8
83.2

129.3
139.2
96.5
106.7
184.4
290.3
97.2

135.1
139.2
94.4
105.4
192.1
297.8
74.0

136.2
139.2
96.4
104.9
213.4
330.8
76.5

135.3
142.2
97.7
104 1
216 3
344. 5
79.6

139. 1
145.0
94.2
103.9
217.7
358.5
80.5

BUSINESS CONDITIONS IN SEPTEMBER
PRODUCTION

Industrial output in September as reflected by the
general index of the Federal reserve board, after
adjustments for seasonal conditions, showed a decline
of almost 2 per cent from the previous month but was
6 per cent higher than in September, 1928. The
decrease from the previous month in the index was
entirely due to lower production of manufactured
goods, since minerals, which are included in the index,
showed a gain in output after seasonal adjustment
over both the previous month and the corresponding
period of last year.

with last year all groups comprised within the general
index showed larger forward business, except textiles
and lumber, which declined.
Wholesale trade in September, after adjustments
for seasonal conditions, showed a larger sales volume
than in the same month of last year. Declines from
the previous month, however, were general in most
lines except meats, which increased over August, and
furniture, which showed no change.
Sales by department stores showed a considerable
change over the preceding month and were greater
than a year ago. The value of merchandise stocks

MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION BY MAJOR GROUPS
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925 taken as 100, adjusted for seasonal variations]

100

NON-FERROUS METALS

80

1 , 1

1 , 1

I I I I I , I ! , 1

I . I I I I I I I I I 1 I , I I .,

rao

1923

1924

1926

1927

1928

1929

COMMODITY STOCKS

Stocks of commodities held at the end of September
showed a gain over a year ago, the principal increase
over last year occurring in the holdings of raw materials. Stocks of manufactured goods, though increasing over last year, showed declines in certain
important commodities, such as stone, clay and glass
products, paper and leather.
SALES

The general index of unfilled orders for manufactured goods showed no change from the previous
month but was higher than a year ago. As compared



1923

1924

1925

1927

1928

1929

held by department stores at the end of September
showed a decline from a year ago. Sales by 10-cent
chain store systems were lower than a year ago.
Other chain stores, including groceries, drugs, and shoes,
showed large gains in volume over September, 1928.
Sales of manufactured goods by manufacturers were
generally smaller than in the preceding month. New
orders for machine tools, structural steel, steel castings,
and malleable castings were smaller than in August.
New orders received for electric hoists and electric
overhead cranes were likewise smaller than in the
previous month. New orders for fabricated steel
plate and steel boilers, on the other hand, were larger
than in August.

PRICES

Wholesale prices were generally unchanged from the
preceding month, but were 2 per cent lower than in
the corresponding period of last year. Higher prices
for hides and leather products, building materials, and
certain miscellaneous items as compared with the
preceding month were just sufficient to offset certain
minor declines in other commodities. As compared
with last year gains in the prices of metals and metal
products, building materials, and certain miscellaneous
goods were insufficient to offset declines in foods,
farm products, hides and leather products, textiles
and fuels. The principal decline from a year ago was
registered in the price of hides and leather products,
where the decrease amounted to more than 8 per cent.

with the preceding month increases in employment
were recorded in factories producing food products,
textiles, iron and steel, leather, paper and printing,
chemicals, and tobacco products, but increased employment in these groups were balanced by declines
in factories producing lumber, nonferrous metals and
vehicles, principally automobiles. The greatest gain
over the preceding month in employment was registered
in chemical factories, where the increase was 4 per
cent, while the declines in the enumerated groups
were limited to 1 per cent.
As compared with a year ago all industrial groups
showed larger employment except stone, clay and glass,
tobacco products and vehicles, where declines were
registered. The principal gain in employment over

FACTORY EMPLOYMENT, BY GROUPS
[1926 monthly average = 100. September, 1929, is latest month plotted]

TEXTILES

IR6N AND STEEL

100

LEATHER

PAPER AND PRINTING

too
1923

1624

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

Classified by state of manufacture an increase over
the preceding month was registered in the price index
of semimanufactures amounting to 2 per cent, while
nonagricultural commodities showed an advance of 1
per cent. Prices for raw materials and finished manufactured goods were unchanged from the previous
month. As compared with last year semimanufactures were higher in price while the remaining groups
showed a decline.
EMPLOYMENT

The general index of factory employment showed
 in September from the previous month but
no change
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
was 5 per cent higher than a year ago. As compared
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

last year was recorded in iron and steel factories,
where the increase was almost 8 per cent.
Factory pay-roll payments in September were 1
per cent greater than in the previous month and 8
per cent larger than in September, 1928. Gains in
pay-roll payments as compared with the preceding
month were registered in factories producing foods,
textiles, lumber, paper and printing, chemicals, stone,
clay and glass, tobacco products, and certain miscellaneous items, while declines were reported in iron
and steel, nonferrous metals and vehicles. As compared with last year all groups showed larger pay-roll
payments except stone, clay and glass, which declined
2 per cent.

WHOLESALE PRICES FOR SPECIFIED COMMODITIES
[Relative numbers, 1926 monthly average taken as 100. September, 1929, is latest month plotted. Data from which these charts are drawn are given on the opposite page]

WHEAT, NO. 2, H A R D , WINTER




FLOUR, WINTER

I i t ! N I• H I i

CORN, NO. 3, YELLOW

OATS, NO. 3, WHITE

WHOLESALE PRICES FOR SPECIFIED COMMODITIES
NOTE.—Prices to producer on farm products and market price of wool are from 17. -S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agriculture Economics, nonferrous metals
from the Engineering and Mining Journal-Press, except tin, which is from the American Metal Market. All other prices are from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor
Statistics. So far as possible all quotations represent prices to producer or at mill.
RELATIVE PRICE
ACTUAL PRICE

(dollars)

COMMODITIES

1926 average=100

Unit
August,
1929

September, 1929

September, 1928

July,
1929

August, Septem- August, September, 1929 1928
ber, 1928
1929

FARM PRODUCTS-AVERAGE PRICE TO PRODUCER
Bushel
Bushel
Bushel
Pound
Ton _ __.
Pound
Pound
Pound

Wheat
Corn
Potatoes
Cotton
Cottonseed
Cattle, beef
Hogs
Lambs
.

1.107
.959
1.386
.180
32.69
. 0962
.1028
.1139

1.121
.972
1.355
.182
31. 03
.0922
.0953
.1108

.994
.951
.648
.176
30.98
.0996
.1117
.1197

76
131
47
118
128
152
88
103

82
137
75
119
120
149
87
98

83
139
73
121
114
143
81
96

71
141
39
125
136
147
85
103

70
136
35
117
114
154
95
103

Bushel
Bushel
Bushel
Bushel
Bushel
Bushel
Bushel
Pound
Pound
Cwt
Cwt_.
Cwt._
Cwt..

1.35
1.32
1.23
1.01
.43
.61
.98
.187
.43
14. 688
10. 663
5.156
12. 875

1.35
1.35
1.24
1.01
.48
.60
.97
.189
.43
13. 800
9. 955
4.675
12. 550

1.19
1.45
1.07
1.00
.41
.63
.94
.185
.54
16. 188
12. 431
5.500
14. 156

91
90
84
132
115
108
116
106
91
157
91
84
101

85
85
83
135
105
95
107
106
93
154
86
78
94

85
87
83
135
117
94
105
108
93
145
81
71
92

75
89
71
136
93
102
102
110
117
159
95
87
105

75
94
72
133
100
98
102
105
117
170
101
83
103

Barrel
Barrel
Pound
Pound
Pound
Pound
Pound
Pound
Pound
Pound

7.306
6.235
.038
.054
.094
.238
.251
.275
.43
.235

7.169
6.100
.040
.053
.093
.236
.250
.267
.46
.235

6.588
5.650
.042
.056
.099
.259
.284
.254
.49
.220

91
87
88
94
81
145
149
87
93
103

87
86
88
98
79
145
147
89
96
103

85
84
92
97
78
144
147
87
102
103

79
78
95
100
80
149
152
81
104
94

78
78
97
102
84
158
166
83
109
96

Pound
Yard
Yard
Pound
Yard
Yard
Yard
Pound
Dozen pair-

.349
.075
.086
1.450
.975
1.901
1.959
5.073
9.250

.357
.076
.086
1.475
.975
1.901
1.959
5.122
9.250

.358
.074
.089
1.575
.988
2.008
1. 998
5.096
9.500

97
97
89
101
94
100
90
79
80

97
100
90
101
94
95
90
82
80

100
101
93
103
94
95
90
83
80

103
99
98
112
99
100
92
78
82

100
98
96
110
96
100
92
82
85

Pound
Pound
Square foot—
Pound
Pair
Pair.

.188
.198
.490
.520
6.750
4.850

.196
.204
.490
.535
6.750
4.850

.246
.275
.565
.650
6. 750
5.000

129
115
108
115
106
100

134
114
108
119
106
100

140
118
108
122
106
100

168
159
125
153
106
103

175
159
125
148
106
102

3.913
4.327
12. 848
2.763
1.300

3.930
4.437
12. 924
2.700
1.300

4.019
4.495
13. 040
2.875
1.210

91
89
93
68
69

91
90
93
67
69

91
93
94
66
69

93
92
93
70
64

93
94
95
70
64

Long ton
Long ton
Long ton
Pound
Pound
Pound
Pound
Pound

20.260
18. 500
35. 000
.1778
.233
.0675
.4665
.0680

20. 260
18. 500
35. 000
.1778
.233
.0689
.4538
.0680

18. 635
16. 188
32. 000
.1472
.194
.0645
.4807
.0625

98
100
100
129
122
81
71
92

98
100
100
129
122
80
71
93

98
100
100
129
122
82
69
93

89
86
91
105
101
74
74
85

90
87
91
107
102
77
74
85

Mfeet
Thousand.. _

37. 430
10. 125

36. 760
10. 500

37. 730
12. 500

83
62

83
62

82
64

81
82

84
76

Barrel
Cwt.
Pound
Ton
Cwt
Cwt

1.604
1.950
.208
15. 500
2.600
3.250

1.500
1.950
.205
15. 500
2.600
3.250

1.650
1.850
.184
15. 500
2.525
3.250

95
100
44
107
91
94

92
100
43
107
91
94

86
100
42
107
91
94

97
95
40
107
88
94

97
95
38
107
88
94

FARM PRODUCTS— MARKET PRICE
Wheat, No. 1, northern spring (Minneapolis)
Wheat, No. 2, red, winter (St. Louis)
Wheat, No. 2, hard, winter (Kansas City)
Corn, No. 3. yellow (Chicago)
Oats, No. 3, white (Chicago) .
Barlev, No. 2, (Minneapolis)
Rye, No. 2, (Minneapolis)
Cotton, middling upland (New York)
Wool, 14. blood combing, Ohio and Pennsylvania fleeces (Boston)
Cattle, steers, good to choice, corn fed (Chicago)
Hogs, heavy (Chicago)
Sheep, ewes (Chicago)
Sheep, lambs (Chicago)
.
FOOD
Flour, standard patents (Minneapolis)
1 Flour, winter straights (Kansas City)
Sugar, 96° centrifugal (New York)
Sugar, granulated, in barrels (New York) _
Cotto nseed oil, prime yellow (New York)
Beef, fresh, carcass, good native steers (Chicago)
Beef, fresh, carcass, steers (New York)
Pork smoked hams (Chicago)
Butter, creamery, 92 score (New York)
Oleomargarine, standard, uncolored (Chicago)
TEXTILES
Cotton yarns, carded, white, northern, mule spun, 22-1 -cones (Boston)
Cotton-print cloth 64 x 60-38^"-5.35— yards to pound
Cotton sheeting, brown 4/4 Trion (New York)
Worsted yarns 2/32's cross-bred stock white in skein (Boston)
Women's dress goods, French, 39 inches at mills serge
Suitings, unfinished worsted — 13-ounce, mill
Suitings, serge, 11-ounce, 56-58 inch
Silk, Japan, 13-15
Hosiery, women's pure silk, mill
LEATHER
Hides, green salted, packers' heavy native steers (Chicago)
Hides, calfskins, No 1, country 8 to 15 pounds (Chicago)
Leather, chrome calf, dull or bright "B" grades (Boston)
Leather, sole, oak, scoured backs, heavy (Boston)
Boots and shoes, men's black calf, blucher (Massachusetts)
Boots and shoes, men's dress welt tan calf oxford (St Louis)

FUEL
Net ton
Coal, bituminous, mine-run (composite price)
Net ton
Coal, bituminous, prepared sizes (composite price)
Long ton
Coal, anthracite, chestnut (composite price)
Coke, Connellsville (range of prompt and future), furnace— at ovens. Short ton
Barrel
Petroleum, crude, Kansas-Oklahoma— at wells
METALS
Pig iron, foundry No. 2, northern (Pittsburgh)
___
Pig iron, basic, valley furnace
Steel billets, Bessemer (Pittsburgh).
Copper ingots, electrolytic, early delivery (New York)
Brass, sheets, mill
Lead, pig, desilverized, for early delivery (New York)
Tin, straits (New York)
Zinc, slab, western (St. Louis) ._

m

BUILDING MATERIAL AND MISCELLANEOUS
Lumber, pine, southern, yellow flooring, mill
Brick, common red, domestic building (New York) _ _
Cement, Portland, net without bags to trade, f. o. b. plant (Chicago
district)
Steel beams, mill (Pittsburgh)
Rubber, smoked sheets (New York)
Sulphuric acid, 66°, (New York)
Wood pulp, sulphite, domestic, unbleached, news grade (New York)
Newsprint, rolls, contract, mill




MEASURES OF INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925, taken as 100]

NEW BUILDING CONTRACTS AND AUTOMOBILE PRODUCTION

180

TOTAL AUTOMOBILE PRODUCTION
(UNITED STATES)

, i I . , I , , I , , I i , I i , I , , I , , I i , I . , I i i I , , I i i I i , I , i I , i I i , I . . I . , I , , I , i I , . I . i I . . I . , I • . i I , . I . . I •. . I . , I . .

MINERAL PRODUCTION AND RAILROAD TON-MILEAGE

160

50

FACTORY EMPLOYMENT, MANUFACTURING. AND ELECTRIC

POWER

PRODUCTION

200

MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION

CHECK PAYMENTS AND RETAIL TRADE

100 w

1920




1921

1922

1923

1924

1925

-

1926

1927

1928

1929

REVIEW OF PRINCIPAL BRANCHES OF INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE
TEXTILES

Wool imports in September showed gains over both
the previous month and the same month of last year.
The consumption of wool showed a decline from the
previous month but was more than 14 per cent greater
than a year ago. For the first nine months of the
year wool consumption showed a gain of 13 per cent
over the corresponding period of 1928.
Receipts of cotton into sight for the year to date
were 12 per cent larger than in the same period of last
year. Cotton exports in September showed a decline
of 10 per cent from last year. Cotton consumption
by domestic mills showed a gain of 11 per cent over

Silk machinery was generally much more active in
September than in the corresponding month of last
year. Silk prices averaged higher than in either the
preceding month or the same month of 1928. Imports
of rayon were greater than in either the preceding
month or September a year ago, while for the first
nine months of the year, rayon imports showed a gain
of 40 per cent over the same period of last year.
Rayon prices showed no change from the previous
month but were substantially lower than a year
ago.
The output of pyroxylin-spread textiles showed a
decline in September from both the preceding month

THE TEXTILE INDUSTRIES
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925, taken as 100. September, 1929, is latest month plotted. Curves covering imports of wools and exports of cotton
plotted from 12 months' moving monthly average plotted on the end month]

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

last year, while for the year to date an increase was
registered amouting to 13 per cent over the past year.
Stocks of cotton held by mills and in public storage at the
end of the month were 20 per cent larger than a year ago.
Imports of silk were considerably larger than a year
ago. For the year to date silk imports showed an
increase of 11 per cent over the corresponding nine
months of 1928. Indicated consumption of silk,
based upon deliveries to manufacturing establishments, were 12 per cent larger than in September of
last year, while for the first nine months the gain
amounted to almost 10 per cent over the same period
of last year. Silk stocks in warehouses at the end of
September were 9 per cent larger than a year ago.

78723—29
2


and the same month of last year. For the first nine
months of the year, textiles spread with pyroxylin
showed a gain of about \% per cent over the same
period of last year. Unfilled orders for pyroxylincoated textiles at the end of September were considerably lower than a year ago.
Imports of burlap were lower than in either the
preceding month or September a year ago, but for the
year to date showed a gain of 11 per cent over the
corresponding nine months of last year. Imports of
unmanufactured fibers were lower than in August but
greater than a year ago, while for the first nine months
of the year showed a gain of about 2 per cent over the
same period of last year.

10
METALS

The output of pig iron in September showed a decline
from the previous month but was 13 per cent greater
than a year ago. For the first nine months of the
year pig-iron production showed a gain of almost 18
per cent over the same period of 1928. Wholesale
prices for pig iron showed only slight change from the
previous month but were about 5 per cent higher than
a year ago.
The output of steel ingots also declined from the
previous month but was 9 per cent greater than in
September, 1928. For the first nine months of the
year steel-ingot production showed a gain of 17 per

of the year new orders for structural steel showed a
gain of 16 per cent over the same period of last year.
New orders for fabricated steel plate were larger
than in either prior comparative periods, while the
total for the first nine months also showed a gain over
the corresponding period of 1928. The output of
track work was smaller than in the previous month
but greater than a year ago. New orders for steel
boilers in September were larger than in either the
previous month or the corresponding period of last
year. The production of malleable castings was
smaller than in either prior comparative period, with
new orders making similar comparisons.

THE METAL INDUSTRIES
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925, taken as 100. September, 1929, is latest month plotted]

1923

1924

1925

1926

S927

1928

1929

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1923

i929

1928

1929

ZSNO

PRODUCTION

roo
PRICE-

1923

1924

1925

1926

!2
97

1828

1929

cent over the same period of last year. Unfilled steel
orders at the end of September were greater than at
the end of either the previous month or September of
last year.
Steel-sheet production by independent steel manufacturers declined from both the previous month and
the same month of last year. Steel-sheet output for
the first nine months of the year was 9 per cent larger
than in the same period of 1928. Steel prices showed
a fractional decline from the preceding month but
were higher than a year ago.
New orders and production of steel castings were
lower than in August but greater than a year ago.
Bookings for fabricated structural steel showed declines from both periods. For the first nine months



1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

New orders for machine tools showed a decline from
the previous month and from September of last year.
New orders for electric hoists and electric overhead
cranes also declined from both periods. Domestic
shipments of electric industrial trucks and tractors
showed gains over both periods, while shipments of
motorized fire-extinguishing equipment showed a gain
over the previous month and a loss from a year ago.
The output of copper by domestic smelters was
greater than in the previous month or September of
last year. For the first nine months of the year
smelter output was 19 per cent greater than in the
same period of last year. Wholesale prices for copper
showed no change from the previous month but were
higher than a year ago.

11
HIDES AND LEATHER

FUELS

Bituminous-coal output was greater than in either
the preceding month or September of last year. Prices
for bituminous also averaged higher than in either
period.
The output of anthracite was greater than in either
the preceding month or September, 1928. Anthracite
prices were somewhat lower than a year ago. The
production of coke was lower than in the preceding
month but considerably larger than a year ago.
The output of crude petroleum showed only slight
change from the previous month but was greater than
a year ago, while the price for petroleum showed no

Imports of hides were larger than in either the
previous month or September of last year, but the
total movement for the first nine months of the year
showed a decline of about 10 per cent from the same
period of last year. More animals were slaughtered
under Federal inspection than a year ago, but for the
first nine months of the year a decline was registered
in the slaughtering of animals, except for sheep, which
showed a gain over the same period of last year.
The production of sole leather was smaller than in
either the previous month or September a year ago,
and for the first nine months of the year showed a

THE FUEL INDUSTRIES
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925 taken as 100. September, 1929, is latest month plotted where data were available]

1923

192-

1929

I M I I I I H I I I i M I I I I I I I ! I I I I I I I I I I I I I i I I 1 II I II I I I I I I I I I I I 1 I

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

change from the previous month and a gain over last
year.
AUTOMOBILES AND RUBBER

The domestic output of automobiles was smaller
than in the previous month and showed practically no
change from a year ago. For the first nine months of
the year, automobile production showed a gain of 34
per cent over the same period of 1928.
Imports of rubber were lower than in August and
showed a decline from a year ago also. For the first
nine months of the year rubber imports showed an
increase of 40 per cent over the same period last year.
The output of pneumatic tires in September was

greater than a year ago.


1926

1927

J829

decline of about 12 per cent from the same period of
last year. Stocks of sole and belting leather at the
end of August were smaller than a year ago. Exports
in September showed decline from both the previous
month and the same month of last year. Sole leather
prices averaged higher than in August but declined
from a year ago.
The production of shoes showed a decline from the
previous month but was considerably higher than a
year ago. For the first nine months of the year shoe
production was about 4 per cent greater than in the
corresponding period of 1928. Prices for shoes showed
practically no change from either the preceding month
or the same month of 1928.

12
BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION

The volume of new building contracts awarded
during September, measured both in floor space and
in value, showed a decline from both the previous
month and from September of last year. For the
calendar year to date building contracts showed a
decrease of almost 12 per cent in value from the same
period of last year. The decrease from a year ago was
almost entirely due to lower awards for residential
construction, where the decline amounted to almost
$600,000,000.

from the same period of last year. Portland cement
stocks at the end of the month were 3 per cent larger
than a year ago. Wholesale prices for cement averaged
lower in September than in either the preceding month
or the corresponding month of last year.
New contracts let for concrete pavements showed
declines from both the previous month and September
of 1928. For the calendar year to date new concrete
paving contracts were about 9 per cent smaller than in
the same period of the preceding year. At the end of September Federal-aid highways under construction meas-

THE AUTOMOBILE AND RUBBER INDUSTRIES
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925 taken as 100. Where available, September, 1929, is latest month plotted]

1 1 ill ill i i In I n l n l n l ) j l i - i | i | 1 1 i In In In In l i i l i i l n l r i In I n hih i l n l i i l ill nl ii In l u l l i

1923

i l l i l t l l n i l l l l l l n 111! M i l i l n l n l u l i i l u l p l i i | i .1 u l i i

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

LUMBER AND LUMBER PRODUCTS

I- The output of the principal types of lumber showed
declines from both the preceding month and the corresponding month of last year. The production of
maple flooring showed a gain over the previous month
but declined from a year ago. Oak flooring output
showed a decline from both the preceding month and
from September of last year. For the year to date the
output of lumber and flooring showed sizeable declines
from the corresponding period of last year.
STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS

The production of Portland cement showed a decline from both the preceding month and September
of last year. For the first nine months of the year
cement output showed a decline of about 2 per cent




1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

i t i i l i i » i i l i i l i i l i i l i i l n l i t l i i l i i l n h i l i . i l . i l i i t i L l t . » i i l . . l » i i i i l n n 1 1 . I n t . . I . , l.i I . . I I . '

1023

1924

1925

1926

I §27

1928

1929

1930

ured in mileage, showed a decline from both the previous
month and the corresponding month of last year.
The shipments of porcelain plumbingfixturesduring September were lower than in either the previous
month or the same month of last year. For the calendar year to date porcelain plumbing fixtures showed a
decline of 34 per cent in shipments from the corresponding period of 1928. Shipments of vitreous china
plumbing fixtures also declined from August but were
larger than a year ago, while for the first nine months
of the year a decline was registered from the same period of last year amounting to more than 4 per cent.
New orders for terra cotta showed declines from both
the preceding month and the same month of last year.
Illuminating glassware was produced in larger volume
than in either the previous month or the same month
of last vear.

13
Receipts and shipments of hogs at primary markets
were larger in September than a year ago. The output
of pork products under Federal inspection showed a
decline from the previous month but was substantially
greater than a year ago. Exports of pork products,
though declining from the preceding month, were 29
per cent greater than a year ago, while the total for the
first nine months showed a gain of 8 per cent over the
same period of last year. Cold-storage holdings of
pork products at the end of the month were smaller than
than a year ago. Prices for hogs were generally lower
in either the previous month or September of last year.

FOODSTUFFS AND TOBACCO

The visible supply of wheat in the United States
and Canada at the end of September was considerably
greater than a year ago. Receipts and shipments
of wheat at the principal domestic markets were
lower than a year ago. Wheat exports also declined
from last year but for the first nine months of the year
showed a gain of 15 per cent over the same period of
Jast year.
The visible supply of corn at the end of September
was 35 per cent smaller than a year ago. Receipts and
shipments of corn at principal primary markets were

MOVEMENT OF WHEAT PRICES
[Weighted price per bushel. September, 1929, is latest month plotted]
NO.I NORTHERN SPRING, MINNEAPOLIS

NO. 2 HARD WINTER, KANSAS GITY

•

.***** •

•.
-.

.• ••.

.
.

V,
••••"%..... ."•••-•.

inn
LOU
nno , , 1 , - 1 , , 1 • i

1920

, ,1 > ,1 ,, 1 ,,
1921

... "
..• •

"'

. i 1 . . t . . 1 . .' , , 1 , , 1 , , 1 , ,

1922

1923

, , 1 , , -1 , , 1 i ,

1924

likewise smaller than a year ago. Prices for corn
averaged higher than in either the previous month or
September of last year.
Receipts and shipments of cattle at primary markets
were lower than a year ago. The output of beef products under Federal inspection showed smaller gains in
September as compared with the previous month and
September of last year. Beef exports, though declining from the previous month, were almost twice as
large as a year ago. Cold-storage holdings of beef at
the end of the month were 52 per cent larger than a
year ago. Prices for cattle and beef averaged lower
than in either the preceding month or September of
last year.



J • 1 L. 1 • l 1 • '

1925

\

, , 1 , . 1 , , 1 , ,

, , 1 , , 1 , , 1 , ,

1926

1927

1928

-••-,./""

, , 1 , , 1 , , 1 , ,

1929

The receipts of butter at primary markets were lower
than in either the preceding month or September of
last year, but for the first nine months of the year
butter receipts showed a gain of about 4 per cent over
the same period of last year. Storage holdings of
butter at the end of the month were substantially larger
than a year ago. Butter prices averaged higher than
in the previous month but were lower than last year.
The receipts of cheese were lower than in either the
previous month or September a year ago. For the
first nine months of the year cheese receipts showed a
decline of 7 per cent from the same period of last year.
The wholesale price of cheese averaged higher than in
August but was lower than a year ago.

14
TRANSPORTATION

The movement of goods by rail, as reflected by data
on car loadings, showed a decline from the preceding
month and an increase over September of last year.
For the year to date freight-car loadings were 4 per
cent larger than in the corresponding period of 1928.
Shipments of locomotives by manufacturers were
almost twice as large as in September of last year.
DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT

Sales by mail-order houses were larger than in
either tKe previous month or the corresponding month
of last year. For the first nine months of the year
mail-order systems showed a gain of 30 per cent and

New sales of ordinary life insurance showed a substantial gain over last year. Prices for stocks averaged higher than in either the preceding month or
September a year ago. Bond prices averaged lower
than in either period. Business failures were fewer
in number than in either the preceding month or the
same period of last year. Defaulted liabilities of
failing business firms during the first nine months of
the year showed a decline of 11 per cent from the
same period of last year.
GOLD, SILVER, AND FOREIGN EXCHANGE

The receipts of gold at the mint were lower than in
either the previous month or September a year ago.

WHOLESALE TRADE
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925 taken as 100. September, 1929, is latest month plotted. Curves are adjusted for seasonal variation]

HARDWARE AND
I . I l l . . l l I I . ! 1 , 1 h, I , ,

FURNITURE

Illllfllh I

701.. I . . I , . I . . I . . I . , I . . I... I . . I . . I . . I . . I M I I . 1 . . I . . I . . ! . . ! . . I . . I . . I . . I . . I . . I . . I . . I . . I . . I t . I . . I . . I

1923

chain 10-cent stores 8 per cent over the corresponding
period of 1928.
BANKING AND FINANCE

Bills discounted by Federal reserve banks showed
a further decline from the preceding month and were
lower also than a year ago. Loans and discounts
of Federal reserve member banks showed gains over
both periods. Check payments showed substantial
gains over last year. Brokers' loans reached another
new high level during the month. Interest rates on
time funds showed practically no change from
the previous month but were higher than a year

ago.


1924

J 925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

Gold imports continued to exceed the export movement. The output of silver was larger than a year
ago but showed a decline from the previous month.
Silver prices were lower than in either period.
Exchange upon the ^principal foreign currencies
showed only slight changes from either the preceding
month or September a year ago. As compared with
August, increases were registered in the Swiss franc
and Japanese yen, while declines were registered in
the Canadian dollar and the Argentine peso. Contrasted with a year ago, an increase was registered in
September in the Japanese yen, while declines were reported in the Indian rupee, the Canadian dollar, and
the Argentine peso.

15
PROSPECTIVE CARLOADINGS FOR THE FOURTH QUARTER OF 1929
The regional advisory boards set up by the American
Railway Association estimate freight-car loadings for
REGIONAL ADVISORY BOARD DISTRICTS

the last quarter of 1929 at somewhat more than 2 per
cent larger than actual loadings reported for the corresponding period of 1928.

Estimated loadings of all commodities will be
greater than a year ago except grains, hay, citrus
fruits, other fresh fruits, potatoes, fresh vegetables,
livestock, poultry and dairy products, stone, sand
and gravel, salt, lumber and fertilizers, which, it is
estimated, will show declines.
The anticipated loadings in all districts are expected to be higher than a year ago except in the
Great Lakes, Northwestern, and the Pacific northwest districts, where declines are expected. Of the
anticipated increases, the largest gains are estimated
for the New England and Allegheny and Ohio Valley
districts, where increases of 5 per cent or more are
expected.
The expected increases in the New England district
are general in all types of commodities, while for the
Allegheny district all important commodity classes
showed gains except citrus and other fresh fruits,
which declined. For the Ohio Valley district, expected gains are general, except for livestock, lumber
and forest products, where declines are anticipated.

PROSPECTIVE CAR LOADINGS, FOURTH QUARTER OF 1929
COMPARED WITH ACTUAL LOADINGS, SAME QUARTER OF 1928
[As reported by commodity committees, of the regional shippers' advisory boards, and compiled by The American Railway Association]
Number of cars

COMMODITY GEOUPS

Actual
1928

Estimated
1929

Per Number of cars Per Number of cars Per Number of cars Per
cent
cent
cent
cent
inc.
inc.
inc.
inc.
EstiEstiEstior dec. Actual mated or dec. Actual mated or dec. Actual mated or dec.
1928
1928
1928
1929

1929

District No. 12
NEW ENGLAND

ALL DISTRICTS

1929

District No. 8
ATLANTIC STATES j;

District No. 9
ALLEGHENY

8,684
14, 013
11, 427

9,097
14, 713
11, 998

+5.0
+5.0
+5.0

471
1,045
1,408

509
1,129
1,408

+8.0
+8.0

18, 849
10, 799
11, 320

14, 137
9,179
10, 754

-25.6
-15.0
—5.0

4,119
262
128
1,890

3,295
210
128
1,890

-20.0
-19.8

1,778
412, 773
24, 273
78, 221
7,078

1,867
431, 347
24, 273
76, 657
6,009

+5.0
+4.5

682, 594

728, 328

—2 0
-15.1

56, 013

57, 133

+6.7
+2.0

30, 033
67, 310
13, 573
85, 916
13, 161

-5.0
+10.0
+17.5
+5.0
+3.0

17, 562
25, 457

18,300
26,246

+5.0
+5.0

31, 613
61, 191
11, 552
81, 825
12, 778

222, 976
7,441

236, 355
8,207

+40.0
+5.0
+10.0

56, 389
11, 672
11, 792

59, 208
12, 139
11, 792

+5.0
+4.0

8,312
44, 095
3,333

9,708
45, 727
3,563

73

86

1,416
2,639
21, 809
667
2,481

+5.0
+1.0
+7.0

6,821
7,186
20, 843
8,982
13, 779

8,185
6,036
22, 823
9,481
16, 535

+20.0
-16.0
+9.5
+5.6
+20.0

4.826
5, 057
7,308
1,222

4,918
5,821
7, 352
1,242

186, 565

+5.6

935, 618

966, 223

+d.3

Grain, all
Flour, meal, and other mill products
Hay, straw, and alfalfa
Cotton
Cottonseed and products, except oil

492, 802
245, 791
84, 122
181, 067
108, 238

424, 725
256, 780
83,911
188, 685
121, 815

-13.8
+4.5
-0.3
+4.2
+12.5

3,067
4,068
1,321
1,509
16

3,067
4,068
1,321
1,509
16

Citrus fruits
Other fresh fruits.
Potatoes
Other fresh vegetables.
Livestock

32, 163
132, 378
71, 106
56, 730
434, 730

30, 485
118, 400
65, 522
55, 275
415, 729

-5.2
-10.6
-7.9
-2.6
-4.4

117
3,567
12, 749
507
1,489

117
3,600
14, 024
507
1,489

35, 539
2, 902, 992
457, 741
754, 907
30, 327

34, 901
3, 079, 509
472, 053
744, 402
29, 528

-1.8
+6.1
+3.1
-1.4
-2.6

99
26, 094
60
13, 757
58

99
27, 399
60
13, 757
58

Lumber and forest products
Petroleum and petroleum products
Sugar, sirup, and molasses
Iron and steel
Machinery and boilers

877, 358
553,011
56, 613
496, 038
51, 485

866, 869
580, 623
58, 516
522, 943
54, 391

-1.2
+5.0
+3.4
+5.4
+5.6

28, 982
24, 922
2,094
7,527
5,794

29, 851
27, 414
2,094
7,903
6,084

+3.0
+10.0

Cement
Brick and clay products
.
Lime and plaster
Agricultural implements and vehicles, other than
automobiles

187, 607
154, 784
53, 277

196, 352
160, 265
54, 214

+4.7
+3.5
+1.8

*3, 840
3,918
3,164

*5, 376
4,114
3,480

18, 885

19, 592

+3.7

146

146

Automobiles, trucks, and parts
Fertilizers, all kinds
Paper, paper board, and prepared roofing
Chemicals and explosives
Canned goods i

195, 669
67, 477
10,4, 707
30, 370
57, 718

227, 593
65. 707
110. 907
32, 272
62. 059

+16.3
-2.6
+6.9
+6.3
+7.5

1,416
2,639
20, 770
661
2,319

8, 924, 632

9, 134, 023

+2.3

176, 670

Poultry and dairy products
Coal and coke
Ore and concentrates
Gravel, sand, and stone
Salt

_.

Total, all commodities listed

i All canned food products, includine; catsups, jams, jellies, olives, pickles, preserves, etc.
* Includes only loading within territory comprising New England Shippers' Advisory Board.




+0.9
+10.0

+5.0

1, 095, 592 1, 161, 555

+4.2
+3.1
+6.0
+10.3
+16.8
+3.7
+6.9
+17.8
+1.9
+15.1
+0.6
+1.6
+6.0

16
PROSPECTIVE CAR LOADINGS, FOURTH QUARTER OF 1929—Continued
COMPARED WITH ACTUAL LOADINGS, SAME QUARTER OF 1928

[As reported by commodity committees, regional shippers' advisory boards, and compiled by American Railway Association]
Number of
cars

Number of
Number of
Number of
Number of
Per
Per
Per
Per
Per
cars
cars
cars
cars
cent
cent
cent
cent
cent
inc.
inc.
inc.
inc.
inc.
( )
Esti- (+)
EstiEsti- (i°
Esti- (t}
Esti- (40
t
Actual mated or dec. Actual mated or dec. Actual mated or dec. Actual mated or dec. Actual mated or dec.
1938
1938
1938
1938
1938
(-)
(-)
(-)
(-)
(-)
1939
1939
1939
1939
1939

COMMODITY GROUPS
d

a
s
I
2
3
4
5

District No. 3
GREAT LAKES
Grain, all
Flour, meal, and other mill products
Hay, straw, and alfalfa
Cotton
,
Cottonseed and products, except oil

46, 682
38, 922
9,751

41, 000 -12.2
40,000 +2.8
8,776 -10.0

6,228
4,855
3,258
13, 678

4,700
2,500
3,750
15, 250

District No. 6
SOUTHEAST
4,849
16, 443
2,734
72, 775
56, 283

5,091 +5.0
17, 265 +5.0
2, 597 -5.0
87, 330 +20.0
64,725 +15.0

17, 401
12, 475
1,059
2,550
15, 257

15, 000 -13.8
9,980 -20.0
985 -7.0
2,984 +17.0
14, 494 —5 0

6
7
8
9
10

Citrus fruits
- - - - _
Other fresh fruits
Potatoes
Other fresh vegetables
Livestock

11
12
13
14
15

Poultry and dairy products
Coal and coke
. _
Ore and concentrates
Gravel, sand, and stone
Salt

16
17
18
19
20

Lumber and forest products __
Petroleum and petroleum products
Sugar, sirup, and molasses
Iron and steel
Machinery and boilers

13,794
18, 773
2,612
54, 043
9,357

303, 013 289, 981 -4.3
13, 800
19, 400 +3.3 53, 594 56, 274 +5.0
7,222
7,294 +1.0
1,900 -27.3
56, 000 +3.6 24,681 28,630 +16.0
9,400 +0.5
1,987
2,305 +16.0

21
22
23
24

Cement
Brick and clay products _
Lime and plaster
-_
__
Agricultural implements and vehicles,
other than automobiles

10, 433
9,329
13, 337

10, 500
9,100
13, 350

+0.6
-2.5

912

950

+4.2

761

129, 074 134, 444
Automobiles, trucks, and parts
1,875
1,950
Fertilizers, all kinds
Paper, paper board, and prepared roofing. 12, 833 13, 474
Chemicals and explosives
_.
4,142
4,200
Canned goods
-

+4.2
+4.0
+5.0

3,791
33, 147
5,802
3,917
2,351

4,170 +10.0
33, 147
6,440 +11.0
4,896 +25.0
2,351

47, 099

49, 200

+4.5

3, 321

3, 460

+4.2

837 +10.0

25
26
27
28
29

District No. 4
OHIO VALLEY

_ ._

Total, all commodities listed

644, 032 633, 851

60, 728 60, 000
Grain, all
Flour, meal, and other mill products
51, 435 53, 390
13, 009 12, 684
Hay, straw, and alfalfa
Cotton
_. _
.Cottonseed and products, except oil .

6
7
8
9
10

Citrus fruit
O ther fresh fruits
Potatoes _.
Other fresh vegetables
Livestock..

11
12
13
14
15

Poultry and dairy products .
Coal and coke
Ore and concentrates _
Gravel, sand, and stone
Salt

16
17
18
19
20

+0.3
-5.4
-5.1
+1.2

+1.4
-1.6

District No. 5
TRANS-MISSOURIKANSAS

COMMODITY GROUPS

1
2
3
4
5

19, 943 20,000
122, 210 115, 750
87, 518 83, 057
10, 473 10, 600

-24.5
-48.5
+15.1
+11.5

-1.2
+3.8
-2.5

26, 592

24,306

862
862
127, 538 133, 915 +5.6 862, 802 927, 562
13, 562 14. 918 +10.0
109, 327 103; 861 -5.0 92, 170 96, 962
197
197

18, 879
22, 071
5,120

19, 917
22, 071
5, 120

939, 648 957, 637

+5.5

3,240

32, 510
10.0
22, 369 +20.0
4,384 -5.0
92, 196 -10.0
54, 524 +8.0

22, 154 +10.0

19, 978
12, 420

21, 176
12, 618

21, 652
7,026
10, 497

27, 757 +28.2
7,264 +3.4
11, 336 +8.0

+6.0
+1.6

District No. 10
CENTRAL- WESTERN
44, 634
12, 926
10, 012

40, 180 -10.0
13, 400 +3.7
10,300 +2.9

8,810
17, 088

10, 000 +13.5
18, 000 +5.3

74, 376

72,400

643
2,784
427
1,017
41, 390

5,497
61, 119
8,464
50, 799
5,809

5, 335 -2.9
67, 509 +10. 5
7,300 -13.8
58, 419 +15.0
6,075 +4.6

2,239
25, 273
685
56, 624
5,528

3,472
2,575 +15.0
3,700 +6.6
107, 977 109, 600 +1.5
25, 273
719 +5.0 16, 436 17, 360 +5.6
59, 455 +5.0 14, 708 20, 000 +36.0
5, 528
584 -17.4
707

Lumber and forest products
Petroleum and petroleum products..
Sugar, sirup, and molasses
Iron and steel.
Machinery and boilers

35, 238
57, 022
1,687
5,432
1,217

32, 261
58, 732
1,771
5,535
1,193

21
22
23
24

Cement
Brick and clay products
Lime and plaster
Agricultural implements and vehicles,
other than automobiles

16, 331
9,369
3,748

16, 658 +2.0
11, 055 +18.0
3,700 -1.3

25
26
27
28
29

Automobiles, trucks, and parts
Fertilizers, all kinds
Paper, paper board, and prepared roofing.
Chemicals and1explosives
Canned goods
_

6,746

Total, all commodities listed

642

625

-2.6

14, 403 +113. 5

461, 779 472, 233

88, 449 91, 102 +3.0
190, 532 198, 153 +4.0
7,457 +10.0
6,779
4,625 +5.0
4,405
1,010 +10.0
918

8,121
8,989
5,132
287

1,500
4,424
2,518
1,505
1,178

287

1,875 +25.0
4,424
2,518
1,580 +5.0
1,237 +5.0

19, 950 -4.1
3,142
2,200 +4.5
3,000 -12.7
870

+4.3
+6.0

2,981
2,144
590

2,800 -6.1
1,887 -12.0
500 -15.3

+5.0

1,396

1,288

28,000 +49.3
4,014 -20.0
17,700 +3.0
5,326 +5.0
16, 100 +12.0

2,024
681
3,289
113
1,525

2,700 +33.4
650 -4.6
3,100 -5.7
113
1,450 -4.9

75, 058 +2.8
40, 865 +10.0
6,678
64, 412 +1.1
11, 278 +10.0

20, 137
25, 119
6,834

21,000
26, 626
6,834

14, 613

18, 753
5,017
17, 185
5,072
14, 378

-2.7

+1.3

District No. 11
PACIFIC COAST

520,65li 486,360

-6.6

11, 094
7,052
5,800

9,880
6,175
5,300

-10.9
-12.4
-8.6

14, 725 +3.6
38, 200 +6.7
2,800 +10.0
24,800 -4.2
21,000 +3.7

31, 913
3,056
2,196
3,789

26, 572
3,065
2,118
3,750

— 16 7

681
7,915
37, 537
45, 938

690
7,150
39,800
46, 600

1,260
12, 860
5,902
4,401

1,283
13, 400
6,457
4,500

+1.8
+4.2
+9.4
+2.2
-0.5
+9.4
+16.7
+1.3
+2.3

4,924
8,143
6,619
4,343
1,454

4,930 +0.1
8,145
6,400 -3.3
7,650 +76.1
2,550 +75.4

14, 216
35, 801
2,546
25, 883
20, 253

+1.3
-9.7
+6.0
+1.4

5,800
25, 870
7,600
1,900
310

-5.0
-5.7
-6.7

56,163
41, 470
7,781
5,120

58, 970 +5.0 199, 507 198, 523
43, 500 +4.9 12, 533 13, 717
42
7,900 +1.5
49
704
713
5,800 +13.3
573
560

4,190
999

4,400
1,040

+5.0
+4.1

14, 598
3,523

14,000
3,500

670

910

910

2,060

1,315

2,151
2,592
-6.6 ! 10,207

1,408

-7.7

District No. 14
PACIFIC NORTHWEST

5, 803
27, 225
8,060
2,037
310

+1.6 362, 758 365, 339

i All canned-food products, including catsup, jams, jellies, olives, pickles, preserves, etc*




984
9,500 -20.1
1,800 -19.0
62,000

670

8,527 +5.0
9,438 +5.0
5,645 +10.0

+2.3 672, 834 683, 672

984
11, 890
2,222
61, 977

82, 000 -36.7
42, 400 +3.5
4,500 -12.0

20,810
3,142
2,106
3,437
870

73, 014
37, 150
6,678
63, 711
10, 253

+7. 1 1,308,7251,325,727

429
2,227
474
925
41, 390

-8.4
+3.0
+5.0
+1.9
-2.0

5,123
2,148 -58.1
4,938
4,276 -13.4
6,792 -3.9
7,067
110, 898 105, 353 -5.0

13, 917

-5.0

2,000 -12.4
556 -60.0
625 -7.3
52, 407 -17.0

_ _ .

87, 261 -8.0 129, 570
33, 726 +5.0 40, 983
10, 783 +20.0
5,115

13, 793 12, 690 -8.0
5,858
5,800 -1.0
520, 000 551, 200 +6.0 36, 104 36, 826 +2.0
55, 416 55, 416
173, 196 190, 000 +9.7
+5.2 137, 986 117, 300 -15.0
7,445
6,701 -10.0
278
278
199
199

2,282
1,390
674
63, 141

+50.0
+25.0
-10.0
+10.0

94, 898
32,120
8,990

District No. 3
NORTHWEST

+7.5

20, 140

+1.9 1,127,107 1,207,035

District No. 7
SOUTHWEST

36, 122
18, 641
4,615
102, 440
50,485

3,410

-8.6

District No. 1
MID- WEST

-4.1
-0.7

3,418
1,136
227

2,675 +29.7

+0.3
-3.5
-1.0

+0.7 361, 920 377, 245

-9.8
-16.4
+1.3

81

2,200
2,560
10, 700

3,082
950
230

90

+11.1

920
656
2,762
220
5,209

1,058
665
3,686
297
4,448

+15.0
+1.4
+33.5
+35.0
-14.6

+4.2 317, 298 310, 581

-2.1

+2.3
-1.2
+4.8

17

INDEXES OF BUSINESS
The index numbers presented in this table are designed to show the trend in production, prices, trade,
etc., by commodities or groups. They consist in general of weighted combinations of series of individual relative
numbers; often the individual relative numbers are also given. The function of index and relative numbers
is explained on the inside front cover. All of the index numbers, except where noted, are based on the average
of the years 1923 to 1925, while maxima and minima are given only since 1923, thus eliminating the abnormal
period prior to 1923. Complete descriptions and figures for earlier years may be found in the following issues
of the Survey (later data being available in the latest semiannual issues): Production in the July, 1928, issue
(No. 83), pages 18 to 22; stocks in the August, 1928, issue (No. 84), pages 20 to 22; new orders in the September,
1928, issue (No. 85), page 19; unfilled orders in the January, 1928, issue (No. 77), pages 22 and 23; wholesale
trade in the January, 1928, issue (No. 77), page 21; mail-order and chain stores in the May, 1928, issue (No. 81),
pages 20 and 21; department stores in the April, 1928, issue (No. 80), pages 20 and 21; employment, based on
1923 as 100, in the August, 1928, issue (No. 84), page 108; farm prices in the August, 1928, issue (No. 84), page
27; wholesale prices (Department of Labor) in the November, 1927, issue (No. 75), page 24, and the June, 1928,
issue (No. 82), page 23; wholesale prices, commercial, in the August, 1928, issue (No. 84), page 26; cost of living
in the August, 1928, issue (No. 84), page 27, and the June, 1926, issue (No. 58), page 24.
1938

PER CENT INCREASE (+)
OR DECREASE (— )

1929

Maximum
since
Jan. 1,
1923

125
123

81
83

105
110

110
112

115
114

119
123

121
123

124
121

-1.6

+ 2. 5

+ 7.8
+ 6. 1

127
128
155
121
110
127
110
166
134
140
137
176
166
143

79
82
59
77
90
91
78
47
86
92
87
84
66
93

106
111
124
100
89
117
94
119
112
119
113
156
149
125

110
113
121
107
90
117
87
133
112
126
117
160
151
129

115
115
128
107
95
118
82
139
110
130
117
162
169
128

119
125
151
117
96
123
87
146
113
138
128
171
141
131

121
124
143
120
97
125
88
146
116
142
123
176
114
133

124
122
139
117
97

+ 2.5
-1. 6
2. 8
-2.5
0. 0

+ 7.8
+ 6.1
+ 8.6
+ 10. 5
+ 2.1

136
114
143
124

-6.8
-1. 7
4-0.7
+ 0. 8

+ 2. 2
+ 3.6
+ 10.0
+ 6.0

117
143

+ 2.6
+ 7.5

-30.8
+ 11.7

128
120
125
133
147
143
139
127
125
123

84
90
77
1
88
0
82
93
75
85

103
100
93
67
119
104
113
117
97
76

110
105
91
94
123
104
116
120
107
87

115
107
94
95
124
110
123
114
115
79

118
114
101
72
144
119
122
125
120
88

121
115
97
81
146
121
119
127
108
106

128
119
101
106
144
121
124
124

+ 5.8
+ 3. 5
+ 4. 1
+ 30. 9
-1. 4
0.0
+ 4.2
-2. 4

+ 11. 3
+ 11. 2
+ 7.4
+ 11.6
+ 16. 1
+ 10. 0
+ 0.8
+ 8. 8

80

-24. 5

+ 1.3

124
421
131
148
160
279

Relative to 1923-1925 monthly average as 100

Minimum
since
Jan. 1,
1923

79
14
76
67
64
44

108
387
78
92
138
154

97
195
79
80
117
170

92
54
92
76
95
137

116
404
83
96
144
243

100
268
77
89
116
247

98
128
96
83
94
283

2. 0
-52. 2
+ 24. 7
-6. 7
19. 0
+ 14.6

+ 6. 5
+ 137.0
+ 4.3
+ 9.2
-1. 1
+ 106.6

251
218
199
266
353
266

45
38
60
43
11
18

87
147
107
164
28
22

115
186
83
165
45
116

178
165
133
206
184
206

90
179
169
106
11
18

135
214
88
130
72
102

181
91
145
173
218
217

+ 34. 1
-57. 5
+ 64. 8
+ 33. 1
+ 202. 8
+ 112.7

+ 1.7
-44.8
+ 9.0
-16. 0
+ 18.5
5. 3

July

August September

July

September,
August Septem- 1929, from
ber
August, 1929

September,
1929, from
September,
1928

PRODUCTION
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL

Unadjusted, except for working days
Adjusted for seasonal variations
MANUFACTURING

Total (adjusted for working days only)
Total (adjusted for seasonal variations)
Iron and steel
Textiles
Food products
Paper and printing
Lumber
Automobiles
Leather and shoes
Cement, brick, and glass.
Nonferrous metals
Petroleum refining
Rubber tires
Tobacco manufactures

,_

MINERALS

Total (adjusted for working davs only)
Total (adjusted for seasonal variations)
Bituminous coal_
Anthracite coal
Crude petroleum
Iron-ore shipments
.. _
Copper _ „
Zinc _
Lead.
Silver ..
ANIMAL PRODUCTS (Marketings)

Total
Wool
__
Livestock
Poultry and eggs__ _ _
Dairv products
Fish'

_

_

CROPS (Marketings)

Total
Grains *
Vegetables *
Fruits *
Cotton products * _
Miscellaneous crops *._

_ _

* Fluctuations between maximum and minimum due largely to seasonal conditions: Minerals and Manufacturing are adjusted for seasonal variations except where
noted.

78723—29



3

18
INDEXES OF BUSINESS—Continued
1928

Minimuni
since
Jan. 1,
1923

112
112
151
204
148

74
71
54
18
65

87
88
64
170
80

89
88
82
161
78

77
77
68
128
70

88
86
81
204
97

92
91
77
189
100

138
179
143
141
118
129

73
70
71
67
85
75

f95
77
116
100
101
97

98
92
118
100
108
97

95
99
125
92
109
93

90
81
134
83
111
90

92
91
127
83
115
85

138

82

105

107

116

121

125
129
138
157
135
125
192
123
199
155
125

88
79
78
78
74
78
64
66
77
46
84

118
126
129
133
119
104
149
71
145
155
90

115
117
125
131
121
105
140
72
134
156
91

111
105
118
130
125
104
130
73
130
137
97

157
218
202
136
153

69
68
43
54
73

96
123
67
87
91

101
136
65
92
93

167
154
157
204
142

67
62
66
49
56

77
68
75
68
91

124
119
130
128
167
130
118
131
131

Relative to 1923-1925 monthly average as 100

PEE CENT INCREASE (+ )
OE DECEEASE (— )

1939

Maximum
since
Jan. 1,
1923

82
83
87
70
43
68
76
88
72

193

July

August September

July

September,
August Septem- 1929, from
ber
August, 1929

September,
1929, from
September,
1928

PRODUCTION— Continued
FOREST PRODUCTS

Total
Gum (rosin and. turpentine) *

*

84
83
76
157
90

-10.0

126

137

+ 8.7

+ 18. 1

119
132
125
139
120
101
154
71
188
90
104

113
125
122
128
125
103
132
70
156
98
101

111
117
118
135
135
104
115
71
143
101
107

-1.8
-6.4
-3.3
+ 5.4
+ 8.0
+ 1.0
-12.9
+ 1.4
-8.3
+ 3. 1
+ 5.9

0. 0
+ 11.4
0.0
+ 3.8
+ 8.0
0.0
-11.5
-2.7
+ 10.0
26 3
+ 10.3

119
145
95
116
108

123
188
64
96
94

136
212
71
105
97

156
218
112
111
115

+ 14.7
+ 2.8
+ 57.7
+ 5.7
+ 18.6

+ 31. 1
+ 50.3
+ 17.9
-4.3
+ 6.5

75
66
75
60
88

75
69
75
60
84

82
70
84
73
97

76
67
76
79
86

76
64
79
80
84

0.0
-6. 0
+ 3.9
+ 1.3
2. 3

+ 1.3
-7.2
+ 5.3
+ 33.3
0.0

90
92
113
74
68
98
90
102
78

110
101
118
110
148
119
95
115
108

111
100
130
105
137
110
100
119
126

96
99
123
74
69
110
95
111
87

113
101
120
111
156
130
99
121
117

114
102
128
109
139
129
105
124
130

+ 0.9
+ 1.0
+ 6.7
-1. 8
-10.9
-0.8
+ 6. 1
+ 2.5
+ 11.1

+ 2.7
+ 2. 0
-1. 5
+ 3.8
+ 1.5
+ 17. 3
+ 5.0
+ 4.2
+ 3.2

68

123

141

155

163

184

193

+ 4.9

+ 24.5

305
237
224
184

62
77
82
55

128
197
163
116

136
204
169
110

144
202
164
131

146
227
204
120

161
233
214
134

147
216
200

-8.7
-7.3
-6.5

+ 2.1
+ 6.9
+ 22. 0

187
117

71
83

78
93

85
97

107
103

80
92

90
96

109
103

+ 21. 1
+ 7.3

+ 1.9
0.0

-8.7
-8.8
-1.3
Ifi Q

+ 9. 1
+ 7.8
+ 11.8
+ 22.7
+ 28.6

NEW ORDERS

Total
Textiles
Paper and printing
Stone and clay products
STOCKS

Textiles
Lumber
Rubber
Chemicals and oils
Total raw materials
Textiles

UNFILLED ORDERS
Total
Textiles
Iron and steel
Transportation eouipment
Lumber
WHOLESALE TRADE
Grand total all classes
Groceries
Meats
Dry goods
Men's clothing
Boots and shoes
Hardware.
Drugs
Furniture
RETAIL TRADE
Mail order houses (2 houses) __ _
CHAIN STORES:
Ten -cent.
Grocery.
Drug
Shoe
DEPARTMENT STORES:
Sales
Stocks

_

Fluctuations between maximum and minimum due largely to seasonal conditions.




19

INDEXES OF BUSINESS—Continued
Minimum
since
Jan. 1,
1923

11
1

119
122
113
113
117
103
108
106
109
120
113
116

92
95
91
86
85
88
94
85
82
86
86
84
83

92
97
91
91
87
93
98
87
91
92
90
97
90

94
97
92
92
89
95
98
88
94
93
97
100
90

95
100
94
93
90
95
98
95
93
94
99
102
92

98.
100
94
101
90
94
101
96
88
97
93
102
116

99
99
95
100
92
97
101
98
91
97
95
101
115

109
114
124
111
108
123
106
108
106
112
119
120
119

84
93
87
75
82
79
86
86
78
81
81
84
81

91
100
87
89
87
91
99
92
88
90
90
96
89

94
98
90
93
90
97
99
93
94
97
94
102
89

95
101
93
93
92
96
101
97
92
98
98
101
92

98
103
91
102
90
94
103
100
84
100
93
98
116

152
178
253
167
166
252
108

125
108
108
98
122
81
79

145
142
156
157
134
170
88

139
120
137
162
136
153
87

141
117
127
174
145
142
85

105
114
107
127
114
112
113
116
104
111
127

94
94
85
98
93
81
97
90
93
97
79

98
107
102
124
97
83
99
94
95
97
81

99
107
104
121
96
85
100
95
95
97
79

128
103
109
106

R el at lye to monthly average indicated

94
93
93
93

98
98
100
96

106
112

85
95

103
102

July

PER CENT INCREASE (+ )
OR DECREASE ( — )

1929

1928

Maximum
since
Jan. l,
1923

September,
August Septem- 1929, from
ber
August, 1929

September,
1929, from
September,
1928

99
102
97
101
91
98
103
102
91
96
96
100
115

0.0
+ 3.0
+ 2.1
+ 1.0
-1. 1
+ 1.0
+ 2.0
+ 4. 1
0.0
-1.0
+ 1.1
-1.0
0.0

+ 4.2
+ 2.0
+ 3.2
+ 8.6
+ 1.1
+ 3. 2
+ 5. 1
+ 7.4

+ 25.0

102
102
95
105
93
101
104
102
89
102
96
109
113

103
105
98
104
95
101
108
105
90
101
99
105
115

+ 1.0
+ 2.9
+ 3.2
-1.0
+ 2. 2
0.0
+ 3.8
+ 2.9
+ 1. 1
-1.0
+ 3.1
-3.7
+ 1.8

+ 8.4
+ 4.0
+ 5.4
+ 11.8
+ 3.3
+ 5.2
+ 6.9
+ 8. 2
-2.2
+ 3. 1
+ 1.0
+ 4.0
+ 25.0

140
122
136
167
137
145
85

143
129
160
165
141
146
86

141
131
160
156
146
146
85

-1. 4
+ 1.6
0.0
-5. 5
+ 3.5
0. 0
-1. 2

0.0
+ 12.0
+ 26.0
-10.3
+ 0.7
+ 2.8
0.0

100
109
107
121
96
85
101
95
95
97
80

98
108
103
109
93
82
105
97
93
97
81

98
107
103
110
93
81
104
97
94
97
81

98
107
103
111
93
81
104
98
94
97
82

0.0
0.0
0.0
+ 0.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
+ 1.0
0.0
0.0
+ 1.2

2. 0
-1.8
-3.7
-8. 3
-3. 1
-4.7
+ 3.0
+ 3. 2
-1. 1
0.0
+ 2.5

97
99
99
97

97
101
101
98

96
98
99
96

96
97
99
94

98
97
99
95

+ 2.1
0.0
0.0
+ 1- 1

+ 1.0
4. 0
-2.0
-3. 1

103
103

103
102

102
98

102
98

102
98

0.0
0.0

-1.0
-3.9

August September

July

EMPLOYMENT
(Relative to 1926 monthly average as 100)

Number employed, by industries:
Total, all classes
Food productsTextiles,
._
.
Iron and steel
._
Lumber
Leather
Paper and printing
Chemicals.
Stone, clay, and glass
Metal products other than iron and steel.
Tobacco products
VehiclesMiscellaneous
_ __
Amount of pay roll, by industries:
Total, all classes
Food products
Textiles.. . .
_
......
Iron and steel
. ..
Lumber
Leather _
Paper and printing
_ _ .,
Chemicals
__
Stone, clav, and glass
Metal products other than iron and steel.
Tobacco products
Vehicles
Miscellaneous

2

9

+ 2.1
-3.0
9 0

PRICE INDEX NUMBERS
FARM PRICES
(Relative to 1909-1914 average as 100)

All groups _
Grains. _ .
Fruits and vegetables
Meat animals
Dairy and poultry
Cotton and cottonseed
Unclassified

__

WHOLESALE PRICES
Department of Labor Indexes
(Relative to 1926 monthly average as 100)

All commodities
Farm products
Food, etc
Hides and leather products
Textile products _ Fuel and lighting
Metals and metal products
Building materials
Chemicals.
House-furnishing goods
Miscellaneous
Classified by state of manufacture:
Semimanufactured articles
Finished products .
Raw materials
Nonagricultural commodities »

i

...
. «_ _

Commercial Indexes
(Relative to 1926 monthly average as 100)
Dun's

Bradstreet's



_.-

__

20
INDEXES OF BUSINESS—Continued
1928

Maxisince
Jan. 1,
1923

since
Jan. 1,
1923

172

Relative to monthly average indicated

158
141
159
160
156
174
118
168

1929

PER CENT INCREASE (+)
OR DECREASE (— )

MiniJuly

August September

September,
August Septem- 1929, from
ber
August, 1929

July

September,
1929, from
September,
1928

PRICE INDEX NUMBERS— Contd.
COST OF LIVING
National Industrial Conference Board Indexes
(Relative to July, 1914)

All items weighted
Food (Department of Labor)
Shelter
Clothing.
Fuel and light (combined)
Fuel
Light
_
Sundries-

_

167
186
177
179
208
123
176

161
154
161
173
159
178
121
171

161

153
161
174
158
177
121
171

162
159
159
166
157
176
120
169

163
158
161
174
160
180
121
171

163
160
159
169
158
177
120
169

0 0
+ 19
—0 6
—3 4
— 0. 6
0 0
—0 8
6 4

0 0
+06
+06
— 0. 6
+ 0. 6
+ 17
0 0
-5.3

163
161
160
168
159
180
120
160

LUMBER PRODUCTION
NUMBER OF
MILLS

LUMBER CUT M. FEET
B. M.

STATE

1928

1927

1923

1927

United States

13, 268

13, 756

34, 142, 123

34, 532, 420

-1.1

Alabama
Arizona
Arkansas
California and Nevada
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
_
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa and Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
M^aryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
- -Missouri

1,502
25
423
165
140
139
35
203
982
144
52
219
25
331
226
411
226
169
141
136
825
346

1,647
26
460
154
116
144
45
183
1,133
145
50
256
27
375
237
400
256
175
143
123
837
356

1, 980, 082
158, 047
1, 129, 731
1, 952, 659
72, 257
35, 356
13, 161
995, 072
1, 039, 475
977, 468
29, 623
126, 790
13, 908
174, 340
2, 278, 422
266, 523
59, 729
112, 299
572, 059
412, 343
2, 524, 319
141, 900

2, 171, 687
169, 085
1, 229, 481
2, 070, 811
67, 321
55, 949
16, 824
907, 128
1, 201, 008
923, 986
28, 663
148, 492
16, 982
197, 618
2, 385, 724
263, 818
67, 541
88, 298
578, 254
396, 891
2, 556, 612
189, 136

-8.8
— 6. 5
-8.1
-5.7
+7.3
-36.8
-21.8
+9.7
-13.4
+5.8
+3.3
-14.6
-18.1
-11.8
4.5
+1.0
-11.6
+27.2
-1.1
+3.9
-1.3
-24.9

__ _

NUMBER OF
MILLS

Per
cent of
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)

LUMBER CUT M. FEET
B. M.

STATE

1928

Montana
New Jersey
New Mexico. _ _.
New York.
North Carolina __ .
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon _
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia.
Wisconsin
Wyoming

_

._

1927

119
279
22
77
364
1,105
332
96
440
506
15
372
52
505
215
59
244
703
433
225
191
49

1928

126
252
24
73
399
1,142
379
74
369
589
16
370
48
566
194
49
252
688
400
223
197
38

387, 879
239, 261
3,220
162, 030
130, 106
1, 020, 893
112, 229
193, 793
4, 371, 924
238, 615
4,622
821, 900
53, 967
530, 306
1, 446, 688
7,623
107, 358
547, 706
7, 305, 277
547, 823
818, 850
24, 402

1927

396, 267
215, 912
5,044
172, 517
142, 505
1, 055, 222
127, 880
169, 943
3, 992, 852
277, 722
6,815
817, 016
46, 909
595, 297
1, 446, 460
6,152
90, 880
535, 616
7, 325, 862
541, 870
819, 507
12, 863

Per
cent of :
in- ,
crease
(+)
or decrease
(-)

-2.1
+10.8
-36.2
-6.1
-8.7
-3.3
-12.2
+14.0
+9.5
-14.1
-32.2
+0.6
+15.0
-10.9
+0.1
+23. 9
+18.1
+2.3
-0.3
+1.1
-0.1
+89.7

i

1

Compiled by the U". £>. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, according to data collected in the annual census of forest products for 1928. The figures for
1928 are preliminary and subject to such correction as may be found necessary.

SHIPMENTS OF PREPARED ROOFING l

Total

1928

Januar
February
M^arch
M!ay
June
July
August
September
October

December
Total

*

2 121 250
1 821,526
4, 219, 494
3 613,707
3, 578, 215
4, 132, 513
2, 833, 951
3, 007, 534
3 137 255
3 406,900
2 442 050
1 664 280
35 978 675

Smooth
roll

Grit roll

499, 453
1 194,663
934, 940
457, 886
1, 792, 632 1, 186, 863
1, 501, 189
960, 851
934, 482
1, 396, 430
1, 719, 172 1, 101, 863
778, 576
1, 187, 823
802, 145
1, 248, 008
805, 117
1, 382, 165
1, 593, 921
790, 063
1 203 376 507 315
325, 729
838 528
15 992 847

9 150 343

IndividStrip
shingles, ual and
single
patented,
thickhexagon ness shin(all
gles (all
kinds)
kinds)
344, 216
348, 167
1, 061, 594
954, 297
1, 020, 189
1, 089, 562
716, 021
781, 499
782, 731
850, 096
619 059
416, 610

82, 918
80, 533
178, 405
197, 370
227, 114
221, 916
151, 531
175, 882
167, 242
172, 820
112, 300
83, 413

8, 984, 041

1, 851, 444

Total

1929

January
February _ _
March
April
May
June
July
.
August
September. _
October
November
December
Total

__
_

Smooth
roll

Grit roll

IndividStrip
shingles, ual and
single
patented,
thickhexagon ness shin
(all
gles (all
kinds)
kinds)

2, 406, 198
3, 356, 998
4, 191, 576
4, 517, 761
4,511,359
3, 692, 297
3, 250, 647
2, 835, 539
2, 968, 522

1, 318, 593
1. 796, 208
2, 078, 580
2, 056, 597
1, 910, 726
1, 446, 927
1, 329, 277
1, 067, 389
1, 225, 067

476, 604
702, 910
998, 272
1, 063, 330
1, 065, 624
933, 042
921, 540
775, 935
788, 207

515, 024
744, 722
947, 723
1, 163, 201
1, 291, 546
1, 103, 479
797, 971
808, 670
780, 100

95, 977
113, 158
167, 001
234, 633
243, 463
208, 849
201, 859
183, 545
175, 148

_ _
._ ..

i Compiled by the Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, from reports of ! i manufacturers whose output constitute a large percentage of the total for the
industry.




21
MOVEMENT OF GRAIN PRICES 1
Dollars per bushel
\
1910

1911

1912

1913

1914

1915

1916

1917

1918

1919

1920

1931

1923

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1938

1939

MONTH
Wheat No. 1 Northern Spring, Minneapolis
January
February
March _
April..
MayJune
July
August
September
October _
November
December

_.. .

Monthly average...

1.14
1.14
1.15
1.11
1.10
1.09
1.21
1.13
1.09
1.08
1. 04
1.03

1.06
1.02
.98
.96
.99
.97
.99
1.05
1.09
1.10
1.05
1.02

1.06
1.06
1.08
1.10
1.16
1.13
1.09
.98
.89
.90
.84
.82

0.89
.87
.85
.88
.91
.92
.91
.88
.87
.84
.85
.86

0.87
.93
.92
.91
.94
.92
.92
1.10
1.12
1.11
1.18
1.20

1.38
1.52
1.49
1.58
1.58
1.35
1.44
1.18
.97
1.02
1.02
1.14

1.29
.26
.14
.22
.22
.11
.21
.64
.64
.79
1.95
1.79

1.93
1.86
2.03
2.38
2.96
2.73
2.66
2.47
2.17
2.17
2.17
2.17

2.17
2.17
2. 17
2.17
2.17
2.17
2.17
2.23
2.23
2.19
2.22
2.22

2.21
2.24
2.36
2.56
2.59
2.48
2.66
2.59
2.56
2.67
2.85
3.07

3.01
2.67
2.84
3.06
3.09
2.93
2.88
2.56
2.54
2.16
1.79
1.66

1.79
1.72
1.66
1.53
1.57
1.69
1.67
1.48
1.51
1.34
1.25
1.31

1.34
1.51
1.51
1.58
1.61
1.49
1.49
1.11
1.10
1.15
1.23
1.25

1.23
1.26
1.24
1.30
1.28
1. 17
1.12
1.18
1.21
1.20
1.14
1.16

1.19
1.21
1.21
1.21
1.22
1 25
1.37
1.31
1.30
1.46
1.48
1.66

1.89
1.87
1.71
1.50
1.67
1.64
1.59
1.64
1.50
1.49
1.55
1.69

1.73
1.67
1.61
1.64
1.62
1.63
1.72
1.49
1.43
1.49
1.46
1.46

1.43
1.42
1.39
1.38
1.47
1.49
1.47
1.43
1.34
1.29
1.30
1.32

1.35
1.34
1.39
1.53
1.57
1.48
1.38
1.19
1.19
1.16
1.16
1.15

1.11

1.02

1.01

.88

1.01

1.31

1.44

2.31

2. 19

2. 57

2.60

1.54

1.36

1.21

1.32

1.65

1.58

1.39

1.32

1.21
1.28
.25
.20
.11
. 15
.43
.35
.35

Wheat No. 3 Ked Winter, St. Louis
1.30
1.27
1.23
1.12
1.16
1.02
1.07
1.02
1.02
1.00
.96
.98

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November.
December
Monthly average. _.

1.03
.96
.93
.90
.94
.88
.84
.88
.94
1.00
.96
.97

1.02
1.01
1.04
1.13
1.21
1.11
1.03
1.04
1.03
1.09
1.04
1.07

1.11
1.09
1.08
1.09
1.04
.99
.85
.88
.94
.93
.94
.95

0.96
.95
.95
.94
.96
.84
.87
.93
1.10
1.10
1.11
1.18

1.40
1.57
.50
.54
.50
.19
.17
.14
.14
1.21
1.16
1.23

1.34
.30
.17
.22
.20
.10
.25
1.45
1.60
1.73
1.87
1.83

1.96
1.88
2.05
2.66
3.04
2.65
2.36
2.32
2.15
2.15
2.15
2.15

2.15
2.15
2.15
2.15
2.15
2.15
2.21
2.21
2.19
2.22
2.22
2.32

2.41
2.38
2.55
2.71
2.60
2.41
2.22
2.20
2.21
2.24
2.29
2.48

2.70
2.55
2.58
2.76
2.99
2.89
2.73
2.51
2.58
2.26
2.02
1.99

2.02
1.90
1.66
1.41
1.58
1.50
1.23
1.23
1.36
1.26
1.20
1.21

1.22
1.38
1.42
1.41
1.38
1.18
1.12
1.09
1.14
1.23
1.29
1.36

1.37
1.39
1.36
1.39
1.33
1,23
.97
.99
1.09
1.16
1.12
1.14

1.16
1.18
1.14
1.13
1.12
1.16
1.35
1.38
1.40
1.56
1.63
1.79

2.10
2.02
1.86
1.77
1.86
1.89
1.59
1.72
1.71
1.70
1.71
1.84

1.94
1.85
1.70
1.71
1.62
1.47
1.42
1.34
1.36
1.40
1.36
1.37

1.38
1.35
1.30
1.29
1.42
1.50
1.41
1.42
1.42
1.45
1.41
1.44

1.51
1.56
1.69
1.96
1.96
1.79
1.47
1.38
1.45
1.44
1.45
1.39

1.10

.94

1.07

.99

.99

1.31

1.42

2.29

2.19

2.39

2.55

1.46

1.27

1.21

1.33

1.81

1.55

1.40

1.59

.42
.40
.35
.25
.17
1.21
1.39
1.32
1.35

Wheat No. 2, Hard Winter, Kansas City
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September _
October
November
December

_. .

Monthly average...

1.11
1.11
1.10
1.08
1.07
1.08
1.04
1.00
.99
.95
.91
.93

0.95
.90
.88
.88
.90
.88
.87
.93
.95
1.04
1.00
1.00

1.05
1.03
1.05
1.09
1.11
1.09
.92
.89
.88
.88
.83
.84

0.87
.86
.86
.88
.87
.88
.82
.83
.87
.84
.83
.84

0.85
.86
.88
.87
.90
.85
.78
.91
1.04
1.02
1.08
1.13

1.34
1.54
1.49
1.54
1.50
1.21
1.36
1.26
1.07
1.07
1.03
1.12

1.20
1.20
1.05
1.12
1.10
1.00
1.14
1.41
1.57
1.67
1.85
1.72

1.89
1.82
1.97
2.43
3.01
2.74
2.68
2.61
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12

2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.12
2.20
2.16
2.16
2.16
2.15
2.24

2.31
2.26
2.39
2.62
2.60
2.47
2.25
2.18
2.24
2.30
2.46
2.63

2.82
2.42
2.49
2.75
2.93
2.76
2.68
2.45
2.44
2.07
1.76
1.69

1.72
1.62
1.55
1.33
1.47
1.38
1.18
1.15
1.22
1.10
1.09
1.09

1.13
1.29
1.34
1.35
1.34
1.17
1.13
1.04
1.04
1.13
1.17
1.17

1.14
1.15
1.16
1.20
1.16
1.04
.96
1.01
1.09
1.12
1.09
1.09

1.13
1.11
1.09
1.04
1.08
1.08
1.20
1.19
1.20
1.37
1.43
1.62

1.82
1.81
1.71
1.51
1.63
1.60
1.54
1.64
1.58
1.58
1.63
1.72

1.78
1.71
1.61
1.59
1.55
1.53
1.37
1.31
1.32
1.39
1.37
1.38

1.37
1.35
1.33
1.31
1.42
.44
.36
.35
.31
.28
1.31
1.32

1.33
1.33
1.38
1.52
1.60
1.47
1.20
1.06
1.07
1.10
1.12
1.11

1.03

.93

.97

.85

.93

1.29

1.34

2.30

2.15

2.39

2.44

1.33

1.19

1.10

1.21

1.65

1.49

1.35

1.27

1.14
1.18
1.16
1.10
1.01
1.05
1.25
1.23
1.24

Corn No. 3 Yellow, Chicago
January
February
March..
April
May. .
June
July
August
September _
October
November
December.

0.64
.63
.61
.57
.60
.59
.62
.64
.58
.50
.49
.45

_

Monthly average. __

0.45
.45
.45
.50
.54
.55
.63
.65
.67
.73
.68
.61

0.62
.64
.68
.78
.79
.75
.68
.79
.74
.65
.52
.46

0.46
.48
.49
.55
.57
.60
.62
.74
.75
.70
.72
.66

0.62
.62
.64
.67
.70
.72
.71
.82
.79
.73
.67
.64

0.71
.74
.72
.75
.77
.74
.78
.81
.74
.65
.63
.69

0.74
.74
.73
.76
.75
.74
.81
.85
.86
.96
.98
.92

0.98
1.00
1.09
1.40
1.59
1.70
1.99
2.06
2.10
2.03
2.21
1.77

1.77
1.81.
1.70
1.65
1.60
1.62
1.70
1.72
1.58
1.41
1.33
1.45

1.43
1.27
1.53
1.62
1.74
1.78
1.92
1.95
1.55
1.41
1.46
1.47

1.51
1.46
1.58
1.69
2.02
1.89
1.58
1.58
1.31
.91
.77
.74

0.65
.63
.62
. 57
.60
.63
.60
.56
.53
.45
.47
.47

0.48
.55
.57
.58
.62
.61
.64
.62
.64
.69
.71
.73

0.70
.72
.73
.79
.82
.84
.88
.88
.89
1.04
.82
.71

0.76
.78
.77
.77
.77
.82
1.09
1.17
1.14
1.10
1.11
1.20

1.24
1.22
1.17
1.05
1.15
1.13
1.08
1.02
.91
.82
.83
.76

0.79
.75
.72
.71
.71
.70
.78
.80
.79
.77
.71
.75

0.74
.73
.68
.71
.87
.99
1.02
1.09
.97
.84
.84
.86

0.89
.95
.99
1.06
1.08
1.03
1.06
1.02
1.00
.96
.84
.83

.58

.58

.68

.61

.69

.73

.82

1.66

1.61 i 1.59

1.42

.57

.62

.82

.96

1.03

.75

.86

.98

0.93
.94
.94
.90
.87
.91
.99
1.01
1.01

Corn No. 3 Yellow, Kansas City
January
February
Marcii.
ApriL.
_
MayJune
July
August..
September
October
November
December

_

0.65
.61
.59
.55
.62
.60
.62
.62
.55
.49
.47
.43

0.44
.42
.44
.47
.52
.55
.67
.62
.66
.71
.67
.62

0.66
.65
.71
.81
.80
.75
.75
.76
.71
.64
.45
.45

0.47
.47
.50
.56
.58
.59
.62
.75
.75
.72
.72
.66

0.65
.63
.66
.69
.73
.71
.70
.81
.78
.70
.64
.65

0.73
.73
.71
.75
.75
.74
.76
.76
.70
.59
.62
.67

0.70
.71
.68
.72
.72
.72
.78
.82
.84
.91
.95
.89

0.95
.99
1.16
1.41
1.58
1.68
2.01
1.78
1. 96
1.91
2.02
1. 66

1.65
1.74
1.66
1.59
1.61
1.54
1.63
1.76
1.66
1.45
1.47
1.52

1.42
1.34
1.48
1.66
1.74
1.79
1.92
1.93
1.64
1.42
1.51
1.51

1.49
1.45
1.56
1.71
1.91
1.82
1.58
1.57
1.28
.88
.67
.69

0.60
.58
.57
.52
.56
.56
.51
.46
.49
.38
.43
.42

0.45
.53
.54
.57
.59
.59
.60
.58
.59
.64
.73
.71

0.70
.71
.73
.82
.85
.85
.84
.83
.86
.95
.78
.67

0.73
.73
.72
.76
.75
.86
1.04
1.09
1.10
1.08
1.07
1.15

1.21
1.15
1.11
1.01
1.10
1.08
1.08
1.02
.91
.82
.75
.74

0.75
.70
.67
.69
.71
.72
.81
.83
.80
.77
.74
.75

0.74
.72
.73
.73
.91
.97
1.03
1.05
.96
.83
.79
.78

0.81
.86
.91
.97
1.05
1.02
1.00
.94
.94
.86
.82
.79

Monthly average...

.57

.57

.68

.62

.70

.71

.79

1.59

1.61

1.61

1.38

.51

.59

.80

.92

1.00

.75

.85

.91

0.87
.87
.88
.85
.85
.88
.93
.99
.99

i Compiled by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, from the various grain papers and periodicals and represents the average price
per bushel for reported cash sales in the leading primary markets of the producing centers, weighted by the number of cars sold. The average for the year represents a
simple average of monthly figures.




22

MOVEMENT OF GRAIN PRICES»—Continued
Dollars per bushel
1910

1911

1912

1913

1914

1915

1916

1917

1918

1919

1920

1929

1922

1921

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

0.79
.74
.72
.72
.72
.70
.81
.80
.79
.77
.71
.75

0.76
.72
.69
.71
.85
.99
1.01
1.09
.97
.83
.84
.88

0.88
0.95
.94
.95
.97 . .94
1.04
.91
1.06
.89
1.03
.94
1.06
1.00
1.02
1.01
1.00
1.02
.98
.84
.83

4Corn No. 3, white, Chicago

January _
February
March
April
May
June
July
August September
October
November
December

1.48
1.48
1.58
1.70
2.02
1.93
1.54
1.57
1.28
.91
.73
.71

i-

Monthly average

0.48
.54
.58
.58
.62
.61
.64
.62
.63
.69
.71
.73

0.70
.72
.73
.79
.81
.83
.86
.87
.89
1.03
.81
71

0.78
.78
.77
.77
.77
.82
1.09
1.17
1.14
1.10
1.10
1.21

1.22
1.19
1.15
1.04
1.14
1.12
1.05
1.01
.90
.82
.82
.76

141

_
- -

0.65
.63
.62
.57
.60
.62
.61
.56
.54
.45
.46
.47

.57

.62

.81

.96

1.02

.75 1

.86

.97

Oats No. 3, white, Chicago
January
February
March ._
April May
June
July
August
September
October..
November
December

0.48
.47
.44
.42
.40
.38
.41
.35
.34
.32
.32
.32

_

Monthly average...

0.33
.31
.31
.32
.34
.39
.44
.41
.45
.47
.48
.47

0.50
.52
.53
.57
.55
.53
.49
.33
.33
.33
.32
.33

0.33
.33
.32
.35
.38
.40
.40
.42
.43
.40
.40
.40

0.39
.39
.39
.39
.40
.40
.37
.42
.48
.46
.48
.49

0.53
.58
.57
.57
.54
.49
.53
.41
.34
.36
.36
.42

0.48
.45
.42
.44
.43
.39
.41
.44
.46
.49
.55
.53

0.57
.56
.61
.69
.70
.67
.78
.61
.60
.60
.65
.77

0.82
.89
.93
.89
.77
.77
.77
.70
.72
.69
.72
.72

0.65
.58
.63
.70
.69
.70
.78
.73
.68
.70
.73
.82

0.86
.86
.93
1.01
1.09
1.13
.91
.70
.62
.54
.51
.48

0.44
.42
.42
.36
.39
.37
.34
.32
.35
.31
.33
.34

0.34
.36
.36
.38
.38
.37
.36
.32
.38
.42
.43
.44

0.43
.44
.45
.46
.45
.43
.40
.38
.40
.43
.43
.44

0.46
.48
.47
.48
.48
.51
.54
.50
.48
.50
.50
.58

0.58
.53
.48
.42
.45
.49
.44
.41
.39
.39
.40
.42

0.42
.41
.40
.42
.41
.40
.42
.38
.38
.44
.42
.46

0.46
.43
.44
.45
.50
.49
.45
.47
.47
.48
.49
.54

0.55
.56
.59
.63
.67
.68
.56
.38
.41
.42
.44
.46

.39

.39

.44

.38

.42

.48

.46

.65

.78

.70

.80

.37

.38

.43

.50

.45

.41

.47

.53

0.51
.56
.58
.61
.62
.56
.56
.49
.54
.57
.60
.61

0.57
.60
.59
.64
.61
.58
.59
.56
.58
.60
.61
.62

0.62
.68
.70
.75
.70
.73
.76
.80
.81
.85
.81
.87

0.93
.94
.88
.81
.84
.84
.84
.72
.66
.65
.63
.65

0.65
.62
.62
.63
.65
.64
.67
.63
.62
.65
.64
.67

0.69
.71
.72
.77
.88
.88
.81
.77
.72
.73
.77
.83

0.84
.87
.90
.92
.93
.94
.85
.65
.63
.63
.62
.62

.57

.60

.76

.78

.64

.77

.78

1.54
1.54
1.30
1.06
1.14
1.11
.95
1.00
.83
.77
.81
.98

0.99
.91
.81
.85
.83
.89
1.02
.97
.93
.95
.94
.94

0.99
1.02
.99
.99
1.09
1.11
1.04
.92
.92
.92
.99
1.02

1.03
1.06
1.14
1.24
1.28
1.23
1.11
.94
.94
.94
.98
.97

0.50
.50
.48
.48
.45
.45
.47
.43
.48

Barley No. 2, Minneapolis
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

0.61
.60
.58
.54
.54
.53
.60
.61
.63
.63
.66
.70

Monthly average.. .

0.77
.74
.81
.88
.75
.77
.87
.85
.94
.95
.98
.91

1.05
1.00
.95
1.01
.99
.76
.60
.46
.49
.50
.47
.45

0.49
.48
.46
.46
.50
.52
.48
.58
.61
.56
.53
.50

0.52
.50
.48
.47
.48
.47
.45
.59
.58
.55
.59
.57

0.68
.75
.70
.70
.70
.66
.68
.59
.48
.51
.56
.61

0.70
.66
.65
.68
.70
.68
.69
.81
.81
1.03
1.11
1.07

1.17
1.17
1.21
1.36
1.48
1.38
1.49
1.31
1.33
1.28
1.27
1.49

1.56
1.88
2.12
1.82
1.46
1.23
1.18
1.02
,95
.91
.94
.92

0.90
.87
.93
1.09
1.13
1.12
1.21
1.33
1.27
1.29
1.33
1.52

1.52
1.37
1.51
1.60
1.74
1.49
1.16
1.02
.99
.92
.82
.74

0.69
.65
.67
.61
.59
.57
.62
.58
.55
.50
.54
.47

.60

.85

.73

.51

.52

.64

.80

1.33

1.33

1.17

1.24

j

.59

|

0.66
.70
.67
.65
.60
.60
.69
.61
.60

Rye No. 2, Minneapolis
January
February
March
April
May
June
_
July
August
September
October
November
December

0.77
.76
.74
.73
.71
.69
.73
.73
.71
.72
.74
.77

Monthly average.. _

0.79
.78
.84
.88
1.01
.87
.79
.80
.85
.92
.88
.87

0.90
.88
.89
.89
.87
.79
.69
.64
.62
.63
.58
.56

0.58
.57
.55
.57
.57
.56
.57
.61
.61
.56
.54
.55

0.55
.56
.56
.57
.60
.59
.58
.80
.89
.87
1.01
1.06

1.15
1.24
1.12
1.11
1.16
1.12
1.02
.97
.90
.96
.93
.92

0.96
.95
.89
.93
.94
.94
.93
1.15.
1.20
1.26
1.44
1.38

1.42
1.42
1.58
1.80
2.26
2.37
2.20
1.75
1.84
1.81
1.77
1.83

1.93
2.24
2.91
2.74
2.30
1.85
1.84
1.68
1.60
1.58
1.62
1.57

1.54
1.34
1.54
1.71
1.55
1.45
1.54
1.48
1.39
1.36
1.38
1.66

1.73
1.53
1.70
1.95
2.08
2.14
2.09
1.92
1.85
1.66
1.48
1.49

1.58
1.44
1.42
1.28
1.37
1.26
1.15
1.00
.99
.80
.72
.78

0.75
.95
.97
.97
1.02
.86
.76
.69
.66
.71
.81
.83

0.82
.80
.76
.81
.76
.64
.61
.62
.66
.66
.64
.65

0.67
.66
.63
.61
.63
.70
.83
.86
.95
1.21
1.23
1.33

.73

.86

.75

.57

.72

1.05

1.08

1.84

1. 99

1. 50

1.80

1.15

.83

.70

.86

1.09 j

.92

1.00

1.07

1.01
1.05
1.00
.89
.85
.84
1.07
.98
.97

Flaxseed No. 1, Minneapolis
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

___

Monthly average...
1

2.18
2.18
2.25
2.38
2.22
2.04
2.34
2.47
2.66
2.62
2.61
2.42

2.60
2.68
2.60
2.56
2.47
2.24
2.10
2.34
2.47
2.35
2.04
2.06

2.15
2.06
2.06
2.15
2.23
2.25
1.97
1.86
1.76
1.60
1.35
1.25

1.29
1.34
1.26
1.29
1.30
1.31
1.38
1.47
1.45
1.38
1.35
1.44

1.49
1.53
1.58
1.54
1.56
1.59
1.68
1.64
1.51
1.33
1.45
1.54

1.83
1.86
1.91
.93
.95
.76
.67
1.67
1.70
1.86
1.99
2.07

2.31
2.32
2.27
2.13
1.96
1.80
1.96
2.15
2.11
2.54
2.78
2.84

2.89
2.81
2.90
3.18
3.33
3.11
3.01
3.46
3.38
3.16
3.29
3.40

3.60
3.74
4.08
4.09
3.93
3.86
4.40
4.39
4.09
3.59
3.77
3.54

3.41
5.12
3.45
5.09 1
3.75
5.02
3.88
4.68
4.12
4.53
4.86 1 3.92
5.94
3.48
5.87
3.28
4.92
3.23
4.32
2.83
4.83
2.27
4.99
2.06

1.96
1.82
1.78
1.58
1.84
1.86
1.89
2.01
2.03
1.81
1.81
1.89

2.13
2.46
2.57
2.70
2.80
2.50
2.59
2.29
2.28
2.38
2.48
2.62

2.80
3.04
3.07
3.40
2.94
2.80
2.70
2.34
2 3g
2'. 48
2.42
2.46

2.50
2.58
2.49
2.47
2.46
2.44
2.47
2.44
2.26
2.40
2.58
2.84

3.15
3.12
2.97
2.79
2.80
2.68
2.49
2.54
2.59
2.58
2.56
2.61

2.50
2.43
2.32
2.34
2.30
2.33
2.44
2.38
2.33
2.21
2.22
2.24

2.23
2.25
2.22
2.24
2.34
2.25
2.23
2.22
2.21
2.13
2.13
2.15

2.24
2.27
2.33
2.36
2.46
2.38
2.21
2.05
2.09
2.28
2.35
2.39

2. 36

2. 38

1.89

1.36

1.54

1.85

2.26

3.16

3.92

4.53

1.86

2.48

2.74

2.49

2.74

2.34

2.22

2.28

See footnote on page 21.




3.79

2.45
2.55
2.49
2.45
2.45
2.48
2.76
2.79
3.23

23

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS
The following table contains a summary of the monthly figures, designed to show the trend in important
industrial and commercial movements. These data represent continuations of the figures presented in the
latest semiannual number (August, 1929), in which monthly figures for 1928 and 1929 may be found, together
with explanations as to the sources and exact extent of the figures quoted. The figures given below should
always be read in connection with those explanations. Data on stocks, unfilled orders, etc., are given as of
the end of the month referred to. For explanations of relative numbers, including base periods, see introduction on inside front cover.
1939

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

June

May

July

PEE CENT INCREASE (+) OB
DECREASE (— )

1938

August

September

August

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
Septem1929,
from
from
ber
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1928

Per ct.
increase

c+)

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

1929

TEXTILES
Wool
Receipts at Boston:
Total
thous. oflbs
Domestic
thous of Ibs
Foreign
thous. of Ibs
Imports:
In condition imported
_thous. of lbs._
Grease equivalent
thous . of Ibs . .
Consumption by textile mills,
grease equivalent
thous. of lbs_ _
Machinery, activity, hourly:
LoomsWide
per ct. of hours active
Narrow
per ct of hours active
Carpet and rug
per ct. of hours active. .
Sets of cards
per ct. of hours active
Combs
per ct of hours active
Woolen
per ct. of hours active
Worsted
per ct. of hours active-Prices:
Raw territory fine scoured dolls per Ib
Raw, Ohio and Pa. fleeces,
Y± blood, combing, grease dolls per Ib
Worsted yarn
.dolls, per lb__
Women's dress goods, French
serge, 39-in._
dolls, per yd..
Suiting 13-oz
dolls per yd

24, 215
16, 108
8,107

47, 795
40, 596
7,199

56, 981
53, 652
3,329

40, 476
35, 594
4,882

19, 444
16, 975
2,469

29, 720
25, 802
3,918

10, 315
7,156
3,159

-52.0 +88.5
-52.3 +137. 2
-49.4 -21.8

265, 532
189, 308
76, 224

264, 365
181, 473
82, 892

19, 786
22, 372

16, 592
17, 903

18, 815
21, 931

17, 068
19, 015

18, 158
21, 450

14, 472
16, 078

14, 510
17, 015

+6.4
+12.8

+25.1
+26.1

187, 988
211, 001

221, 248 +17.7
247, 515 +17.3

48, 765

44, 066

47, 296

52, 644

49,755

45, 103

43, 492

-5.5

+14.4

390, 910

442,411 +13.2

67
61
72
86
84

65
61
69
85
78

62
60
61
80
86

60
62
66
80
93

64
63
66
83
94

55
48
63
77
65

59
53
62
85
74

+8.5
+6.7
+1.6 +18.9
+6.5
0.0
+3.8
+1.1 +29! oj

82
66

82
65

78
62

77
69

77
70

74
58

80
62

0.0
+1.4

-3.7J
+12. 9

1.00

.97

.93

.93

.92

1.14

1.14

-1.1

-19.3

.54
1.60

.54
1.58

0.0
+2.1

-20. 4
-6.3

.99
2.008

0.0
0.0

-1.0
-5.3

3 414, 478
8, 151
8 2, 078 +195. 4
-3.3
18, 508

+19.9
+29.5

6,254
236, 313

7,000 +11. 9
355, 139 +50.3

814, 569 +210. 1
259, 489
-2.2
526, 340 « 492, 307

-10.2
+10.8

4, 940, 209
4, 811, 358

4, 338, 874 -12.2
5, 419, 734 +12. 6

6 3, 358 +83.3
-1.2
6720
s 2, 638 +132. 5

+19.6
+10.0
+22.3

.43
1.50

.42
1.45

.42
1.45

.43
1.45

.43
1.48

.98
2.008

.98
2.008

.98
8 1. 996

.98
1.901

.98
1.901

1.03
2.008

«332
42, 486

6222
26, 113

126
21, 369

823
24, 793

2 14, 825
* 9, 099
2,431
23, 974

6527
25, 258

328, 068
668, 229

308, 947
570, 281

246, 983
546, 457

235, 914
558, 113

731, 613
545, 649

3,325
1,477
1,848

2,665
1,289
1.376

2,038
1,052
986

2,189
802
1,387

4,017
792
3,225

1,923
782
1,141

5,268
3,000

4,476
2,302

3,651
1,693

3,458
1,629

4,381
2,652

3,480
1,790

4,114
2,563

+26.7
+62.8

+6.5
+3.5

.180
.195

.179
.188

.178
.186

.180
.187

.182
.189

.188
.193

.176
.185

+1.1
+1.1

+3.4
+2.2

261
110.9

30, 628
8,155
232
104.8

30, 396
7,744
222
100.3

30, 237
8,130
234
97.7

30, 038
7,881
226
104.0

28,217
7,431
209
87.1

s 28, 209
6,961
196
«90.1

17, 941
8,760
37, 609

20, 272
8,785
32, 650

13, 211
8,901
32,472

19, 639
8,185
32, 175

17, 122
7,423
35, 833

14, 046
11, 574
27, 044

18, 839
10, 248
34, 836

-12.8
-9.3
+11.4

-9.1
-27.6
+2.9

.353
.499

.348
.499

.348
.505

.349
.510

.357
.510

.369
.514

.358
.501

+2.3
0.0

-0.3
+1.8

341, 370
278, 335
326, 121
367, 340
382, 512
526, 971

285, 928
228, 244
252, 008
401, 260
358, 748
465, 658

234, 439
262, 889
252, 779
382, 920
368, 858
408, 659

307, 538
312, 635
326, 398
364, 060
355, 095
485, 437

268, 611
371, 485
287, 628
345, 043
438, 952
381, 760

302, 470
340, 810
324, 073
441, 667
288, 964
136, 237

253, 688
387, 151
278, 110
417, 245 1
398, 005 |
113, 627

+5.9
-12.7
-4.0
+18.8
+3.4
—11.9
-5. 2 -17.3
-23. 6 +10.3
-21.4 +236. 0

6,527
46, 261

4,880
44, 730

5,175
50, 412

3,927
42, 359

3,972
42, 274

3,753
43, 928

3,139
34, 694

+1.1 +26.5
-0.2 +21.8

20, 359
18, 126
1,473
1,357
Final estimate.

1,3991

1,419

-0.4
-4.1
+8.7

Cotton
Production, crop estimate
thous. of bales
Ginnings
thous. of bales
Receipts into sight
.
. .thous. of bales
Imports, unmanufactured
bales. _
Exports, unmanufactured
(including linters)
.. bales
Consumption by textile mills
bales..
Stocks, domestic, end of month:
Totals, mills and w'houses.thous. of bales. .
Mills
thous. of bales
Warehouses
thous of bales
Stecks, world visible, end of month:
Total
thous of bales
American
thous of bales
Prices:
To producer
dolls per Ib
In New York, middling
dolls, per lb__

_..

Cotton Yarn
Machinery activity of spindles:
Active spindles
thousands
Total activity
millions of hours
Activity per spindle
hours
Ratio to capacity
per cent
Carded sales yarn:
Production
thous. of Ibs . .
Stocks end of month
thous of Ibs
Unfilled orders end of month thous of Ibs
Prices:
22/1 cones, Boston
dolls per Ib
40/ls, southern spinning
dolls per Ib

W,100

+6.5
-0.7
-3.1 +13.2
-3.4 +15.3
+6.4 +15.4
158, 091

166, 856

+5.5

2, 657, 149
2, 587, 684
2, 576, 405

2, 655, 437
2, 672, 228
2, 702, 137

-0.1
+3.3
+4.9

2, 141, 133

3, 972, 621 +85.5

47, 388
373, 550

' 45,646 -3.7
440, 421 +17.9

Cotton Goods
Cotton textiles:
Production.
thous. of yds..
New orders
thous. of yds..
Shipments
_
.thous. of yds..
Stocks, end of month
thous. of yds
Unfilled orders end of mo thous of yds
Fine cotton goods, production
pieces
Cotton cloth:
Imports
thous. of sq. yds_.
Exports
thous. of sq. yds_.
Fabric for tire manufacture
consumption
thous of Ibs
Elastic webbing, shipments
thous. of dolls. .
* As of Oct. 1.




23, 302
1,725
3

4

21, 854
17, 797
1,399
1,478
As of Oct. 18.

+1.4

-4.6
12,519
« IRevised.

13,379 +13.0

24
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

July

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

August

September

September

August

September,
1929,
from
August,
1929

September,
1929,
from
September,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1938

1939

Per ct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative]
1929 j
from!
1928 -1

TEXTILES-Continued
Cotton Goods— Continued
Prices:
Print cloth, 64 x 60
dolls, per yd..
Sheeting, brown
dolls, per yd..
Cotton goods (Fairchild), rel. to 1911-1913. .

0.073

0.072
.084
159

0.073
.083
159

0.075
5.086
160

0.076
.086
160

0.075
.091
163

0.074
. .089
160

+1.3
0.0
0.0

+2.7

75, 582
69, 475
44, 809
37, 299
57
4.9

75, 845
69, 168
45, 238
36, 320
60
4.9

74, 392
68, 627
44, 093
35, 538
61
4.5

70, 748
71, 743
46, 283
35, 819
54
4.4

69, 805
74, 483
45, 767
33, 410
61
5.0

-1.9
-0.8
-2.5
-2.2
+1.7
-8.2

+6.6
-7.9
-3.7
+6.4
0.0
-10.0

655, 447
647, 337
411, 043

751, 786 +14.7
712, 063 +10.0
463, 790 +12.8

5.2

78, 964
65, 462
45, 674
35, 487
60
5.1

85, 894
78, 184

72, 808
78, 492

60, 902
87, 397

69, 315
87, 918

66, 766
88, 864

54, 495
74, 682

66, 079
75, 161

-3.7
+1.1

+1.0
+18.2

566, 830

697, 430 +23.0

8,599
49, 121

7,596
46, 504

7,858
51, 624

9,620
59, 704

8,811
53, 274

9,320
50, 821

7,202
47, 797

-8.4
-10.8

+22.3
+11.5

64, 913
428, 335

71, 377 +10.5
467, 537 +9.2

39, 898
24, 623

47, 425
23, 162

42, 596
20, 985

48, 408
25, 854

55, 104

50, 975
24, 429

50, 464
22, 786

+13.8

+9.2

101.0
74.2
65.3

100.7
67.8
63.1

99.7
65.1
63.8

101.9
65.5
65.2

100.7
63.1
66.8

89.8
54.1
52.1

92.7
54.0
66.9

-1.2
-3.7
+2.5

+8.6
+16.9
-0.1

4.777
1.18

4.925
1.19

4.876
1.18

5.073
1.18

5.122

4.851
1.16

5.096
1.16

+1.0

+0.5

1,589
2,423
1.30

1,582
2,902
1.23

858
2,802
1.15

990
2,747
1.15

1,044

924
2,814
1.50

+5.5

+13.0

8,989

12, 621 +40.4

1.15

1,248
2,976
1.50

0.0

-23.3

1,987
2,412
346

2,198
2,221
507

2,202
2,307
631

2,132
2,353
763

1,797
2,156
763

2,315
2,222
734

1,876
2,173
728

-15.7
-8.4
0.0

-4.2
-0.8
+4.8

19, 444
18, 883
4,061

19, 486
20, 270
4,444

+0.2
+7.3
+9.4

384
352

362
317

380
361

5416
5408

431
400

394
360

385
358

+3.6
-2.0

+11.9
+11.7

3,306
2,902

3,506
3,200

+6.0
+10.3

194

161

220

5 144

173

159

161

+20.1

+7.5

thous. of dozen pairs
thous of dozen pairs
thous. of dozen pairs..
thous. of dozen pairs

3,823
3,658
8,394
4,101

3,543
3,567
8,413
3,513

3,068
3,075
7,943
2,813

3, 417
3,485
8,139
3,427

3,577
4,039
7,887
4,025

3,474
3,735
8,656
3,207

3,255
3,755
8,128
3,810

+4.7
+15.9
-3.1
+17.4

+9.9
+7.6
-3.0
+5.6

30, 562
30, 488

31, 617
31, 345

+3.5
+2.8

30, 135

31, 897

+5.8

thous. of dozen pairs

5, 071

4,841

4,437

4,234

4,139

4, 079

3,957

-2.2

+4.6

9,776
9,785

10, 497
10, 493

+7.4
+7.2

9,699

10, 950 +12.9

249, 886 +11.0
513, 838 +1.6

.087
162

o!o

Cotton Finishing
White, dyed and printed (outside mills) :
Billings, finished goods
thous. of yds..
New orders, gray yardage _._thous. of yds_.
Shipments, finished goods
cases
Stocks, finished goods, end mo
cases ..
Operating activity
per ct. of capacity __
Unfilled orders, end of month
days..
Printed only (mills and outside) :
Production
thous. of yds..
Stocks, end of month
__thous. of yds..
Silk
Imports raw
thous of Ibs
Deliveries (consumption)
bales
Stocks, end of month:
At warehouses
bales. .
At manufacturing plants
bales..
Silk machinery activity:
Broad looms
per cent of normal-Narrow looms
per cent of normal..
Spinning spindles
per cent of normal..
Prices:
Raw, Japanese, 13-15, N. Y-dolls. per lb__
Silk goods, composite
dolls, per yd_.
Rayoii
Imports
thous. of Ibs
Stocks, bonded, end of month
thous. of Ibs. _
Price, 150 denier, A grade, N. Y. .dolls, per lb._

88, 707
79, 228
54, 247
35, 618

Clothing
Men's and boys' garments cut:
Suits..
thous. of garments. _
Separate trousers
thous. of garments..
Overcoats .
thous. of garments
Overalls:
Cut
thous. of dozen garments..
Net shipments ._ thous. of dozen garments ._
Unfilled orders,
end of mo
thous. of dozen garments ._
Hosiery
Production
Net shipments
Stocks, end of month
New orders
Unfilled orders, end of
month

Knit Underwear
Production
_ thous. of dozen garments _
Net shipments
thous . of dozen garments _ _
Stocks, end of mo thous. of dozen garments. _
New orders
thous. of dozen garments-Unfilled orders, end
of month. _
thous. of dozen garments _

1,316
1,168
1,679
1,088

1,187
1,126
1,735
1,157

1,091
1,064
1,797
891

5
1, 152
5 1, 382
1,689
5 1, 149

1,100
1,532
1,422
1,461

1,098
1,306
1,570
1,236

1,016
1,402
1,370
1,213

-4.5
+10.9
-15.8
+27.2

+8.3
+9.3'
+3.8
+20.4

2,349

2,293

2,103

5

1,870

1,786

1,896

1,696

-4.5

+5.3

Burlaps and Fibers
Imports:
Burlaps
___thous. of lbs._
Fibers (unmanufactured)
long tons _

71, 649
26, 300

51, 216
21, 182

41, 526
20, 469

74, 698
25,048

33, 568
22, 210

47, 766
20, 657

43, 617
21, 004

-55.1
-11.3

-23. 0
+5.71

225, 091
505, 943

5, 245
4,563
3,531

4,615
4,007
2,910

4,331
3,509
2,805

4,294
3,540
2,468

3, 812J
3,315
2, 599

5, 596
4,241
3,853

4,844
3,914
4,561

-11.2
-6.4
+5.3

-21.3
-15.3
-43.0

45, 293
35, 202

8217
8229

+0.4
-16.4

+4.1
+2.2

704
1,172

Pyroxylin- Coated Textiles
Pyroxylin spread
thous. of Ibs
Shipments billed
thous. of linear yards..
Unfilled orders, end mo_. thous. of linear yards. .

45, 942
38, 300

+1.4
+8.8

Cotton Mill Dividends
(Quarterly)
Fall River mills
New Bedford mills

.

thous. of dollars
thous. of dollars

8225
3280

8226
8234

686 -2.6
763 -34.9

Fur

Sales by dealers. _ _

thous. of dollars

12, 522

8,546

8, 135

11, 335

51.6
11, 226

50.1
11, 351

40.9
11, 170

45.5
10, 951

12, 110

10, 244

44.5
10. 667

547.5
10, 593

6 97, 755

Buttons
Fresh-water pearl buttons:
Production
ratio to capacity..
Stocks, end of month^
thous. of gross..
6

Revised


6

Cumulative through Aug. 31.

46.6
10, 836

8

+2.4
-1.1

-1.9
+2.3J

Quarter ending in month indicated.

6

99, 105

+1.4

25
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939
The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

July

August

September

August

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
Septem1929,
from
ber
from
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

1938

1939

Perctincrease
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

IRON AND STEEL
Iron
29
51
Manganese ore, imports thous. of long tons..
Iron ore:
244
276
Imports
thous of long tons
9,549
10, 174
Shipments from mines.thous. of long tons..
Keceipts:
Lake Erie ports and
6,753
6,985
furnaces
-thous. of long tons .
2,527 • 2, 805
Other ports
thous. of long tons
5,677
5,980
Consumption
thous. of long tons .
Stocks, end of month:
19, 146
23, 701
Total
..thous. of long tons
19,619
15, 275
At furnaces _
thous. of long tons. _
3,871
4,082
On Lake Erie docks. .. thous. of long tons_.
Pig-iron production:
3,898
3,717
Total, United States.. -thous. of long tons..
793
717
Merchant furnaces
thous. of long tons..
81
Canada
-thous. of long tons
90
Furnaces in blast, end of month:
219
218
Furnaces
number..
122, 590
Capacity
. -long tons per day.. 126, 150
Ohio gray-iron foundries:
Meltings23, 588
Actual
.
long tons
21, 214
19, 164
20, 568
Normal.
long tons
114.6
Ratio to normal per cent of normal..
110.6
118
Stocks, end of month ..per cent of normal..
131
112
105
Receipts.-.
-per cent of normal..
Malleable castings:
81, 704
72, 282
Production
.
short tons
83.8
Operating activity
per ct. of capacity..
75.0
80, 534
72, 378
Shioments
short tons. _
76, 927
65, 247
New orders .
.. .short tons
Wholesale prices:
Foundry, No. 2,
20.26
northern
dolls, per long ton..
20.26
18.38
Basic (valley furnace). .dolls, per long ton__
18.50
19.27
Composite pig iron
dolls, per long ton..
19. 35

48

33

13

26

15

-13.3

147

259 +76.2

301
10, 671

298
10, 807

247
9,547

226
9,243

211
8,748

-17. 1 +17.1
-11.7 +9.1

1,855
41,266

2,315 +24.8
53, 264 +29.1

7,509
3,127
5,808

7, 518
3,284
5,779

6,619
2,710
5, 362

6,390
2,819
4,761

5,827
2,710
4,608

-12.0
-17.5
-7.2

+13.6
0.0
+16.4

27, 342
12, 320
41, 904

36, 575 +33.8
14, 840 +20.5
49, 502 +18.1

28, 697
24, 245
4,452

33, 831
28, 720
5,111

38,125
32, 360
5,765

31, 754
26, 036
5,718

35. 808
29, 708
6,100

+12.7
+12.7
+12.8

+6.5
+8.9
-5.5

3, 785
746
100

3,756
690
«120

3,467
649
106

3,137
575
92

3,062
585
91

-7.7
-5.9
-11.7

+13.2
+10.9
+16.5

27, 792
5,612
746

32, 648 +17. 5
6,685 +19.1
844 +13.1

216
121, 965

210
119, 130

205
115, 190

183
98, 730

197
106, 755

-2.4
-3.3

+4.1
+7.9

19, 508
18, 535
105.3
131
99

18, 670
17, 104
109.1
120
113

20, 081
19, 595
102.5
130
100

12, 932
12, 497
103.4
129
99

14, 586
16, 155
90 2
131
90

+14. a

+7.6

-6.0
+8.3
-11.5

+37.7
+21.3
+13.6
-0.8
+11.1

142, 395
140, 949

190, 173 +33.6
176, 105 +24.9

70, 625
73.5
69, 665
61,401

68, 651
70.0
69, 240
61, 982

57, 380
59.7
61, 492
50, 464

68, 606
72.1
66, 962
66, 128

62, 665
66.3
61, 736
61, 163

-16.4
-14.7
-11.2
-18.6

-8.4
-10.0 ]
-0.4
-17.5

20.26
18.50
18.31

20.28
18.50
19.18

20.26
18. 50
19.00

18.26
16. 00
17.78

18.64
16.19
18.04

0.0
0.0
-0.9

+8.7
+14.3
+5.3

« 8, 997
5 13, 553
s 14, 490
s 84, 027

« 12, 189
s 15, 092
s 13, 916
s 81, 162

11,602
18, 263
16, 936
74, 254

12, 881
14, 422
12, 551
86, 141

13, 655
17, 021
14, 504
82, 931

-4.8
+21. 0
+21.7
-8.5

16,119 5 11, 598 s 19, 014
17, 458 5 22, 927 « 28, 757
18, 421 « 26, 039 5 27, 242
179, 900 « 169, 044 « 159, 661

20, 766
34, 671
36, 481
145, 716

38, 693
36, 212
31, 809
182, 367

26, 760
41, 989
36, 527
167, 063

9,545
14, 980
15, 680

15, 914
16, 951
15, 753

-60.6

586, 435

664, 772 +13.4

574, 010
572, 264

663, 695 +15.6
638, 336 +11.5

-15.0
+7.3
+16.8
-10.5

113, 904
110,298
112, 527

100, 746 -11.6
99, 853 -9.5
92, 910 -17.4

+9.2
+20.6
+33.9
-8.7

-r22.4
-17.4 !
-0.1
-12.8

270, 371
221, 533
229, 584

199, 919 -26.1
174, 656 -21.2
177, 654 -22.6

-7.9
+9.6
+9.9

-30.7
-17.2
-,2

129, 993
105, 276
112,945

99, 372 -23.6
86, 782 -17.6
91, 962 -18.6

1, 908, 511
1, 547, 525
1,440,404

2, 575, 156 +34.9
2, 005, 352 +29.6
2, 277, 781 +58.1

36, 930

43, 242 +17.1

921

1,087 +18.0

Cast-iron Boilers and Radiators
Round boilers:
Production
thous. of lbs__
Shipments
thous. of lbs_ _
New orders
thous. of Ibs
Stocks, end of month
thous. of lbs._
Square boilers:
Production
thous. of Ibs- .
Shipments
thous of Ibs
New orders
thous. of Ibs
Stocks, end of month
thous. of lbs_.
Radiators:
Production ..thous. sq. ft. heating surf ace ..
Shipments. -..thous. sq. ft. heating surface. _
New orders .-thous. sq. ft. heating surface..
Stocks, end of
month
thous. sq. ft. heating surface. .
Gas-fired boilers:
Shipments
dollars
Shipments
thous. B. t. u
Production
thous B t u
Stocks, end of month
thous. B. t. u _ _

11,212
9,682
9,143
89, 104
19, 410
14, 946
15, 034
181, 998

10, 578
10, 171
9,059
89, 437

5

10, 641
7,900
8,178

9,364
9,226
9,603

5 6, 756
5 11, 729
5 13, 621

10, 365
s 13, 665
5 14, 267

74, 067

74, 189

5 69, 277

5

190, 295
285, 223 315, 698
149, 555 213, 780 254, 856
298, 794
271, 330
248, 993
939,481 1, 197, 768 1,115,865

13, 770
18, 092|
16, 533|

65, 792

59, 794

77, 287

72, 902

-9.1

-18.0

486, 659
365, 280
235, 877
951, 598

549, 424
459, 124
306, 158
885, 625

288, 954
239, 048
168, 547
773, 337

395, 265
322, 000 1
169, 3761
622,687|

+12. 9
+25.7
+29.8
-6.9

+39.0
+42.6
+80.8
+42.2

!

Crude Steel
Steel ingots, production:
United States, total
thous. of long tons..
Ratio to capacity
per cent..
Canada
thous of long tons
U. S. Steel Corporation:
Unfilled orders,
end of month
thous. of long tons..
Earnings...
thous. of dolls _
Steel castings:
Production—
Total
short tons
Ratio to capacity
..per cent..
Railroad specialties..
short tons
Miscellaneous
short tons
New orders —
Total
__ short tons
Ratio to capacity
per cent-.
Railroad specialties
short tons
Miscellaneous. _.
short tons
Sheets, black, blue, galvanized, and
full finished:
ProductionTotal
..net tons..
Ratio to capacity
.percent..
Stocks end of month —
Total
net tons
Unsold.
net tons..
Shipments..
net tons..
New orders
net tons..
Unfilled orders, end of month
net tons..
Digitized for s Revised.
FRASER



j

5,273
100
126

4,881
100!
120

4,838
95
130

4,927
93
120'

4,511
92
99

4,179
821
89

4,148
88
100

-8.4
-1.1
-17.5

+8.8|
+4.5
-1.0

4,304
5 25, 065

4,257
24, 029

4,088

3,658

3,903

3, 624|
18, 597

3,698
17, 418

+6.7J

+5.5

127, 189
87
58, 636
68, 553

116, 22l|
80l
54, 154
62, 067

117, 187 « 120, 800
583
80
51, 989 s 51, 400
65, 198 5 69, 400

101, 800
70
42, 500
59, 300

87, 742
60
27, 157
60, 585

75, 761
51
25,311
50, 450

-15.7
-15.71
-17.3
-14.6

+34.4
+37.3
+67.9
+17.5

769, 416

1, Oil, 282 +31.4

284, 810
484, 060

437, 670 +53.7
573, 612 +18.4

113, 329
78
44, 919
68, 410

95, 201
65
34, 947
60, 254 1

102, 443 s 100, 500
569
70
37, 731 s 36, 500
64, 712 s 64, 000

83, 200
57
32, 450
50, 750

81, 286
55
25, 171
56, 115

82, 762
56
35, 234
47, 528

-17.2
-17.4
-11.1
-20.7

+0.5
+1.8
7 y
/. 0
+6.8

740, 308

1, 010, 077 +36.4

284, 654
455, 654

446, 627 +56.9
563, 450 +23.7

393, 430
115.8

337, 841
110.4

323, 905
98.1

366, 734
109.7

302, 490
97.7

329, 396
92.8

318, 907
101.0

-17.51
-10.9

-5.1
-3.3

167, 869
48, 334
392, 336
279, 783
713, 568

163, 607
52, 274
347, 989
307, 911
676, 568i

154, 854
47, 103
344, 676
337, 222
658, 155

143, 323
34, 436
365, 649
282, 107
570, 613

154, 928
43, 886
301, 330
274, 568
522, 803

154, 461
51, 636
324, 691
254, 397
498, 023

146, 832
44, 5191
322, 876
370, 936
539, 960

+8.1
+27.4
-17.6
-2.7
-8.4

2, 918, 126

+5.5
-1.4
-6.7 2, 820, 694
-26.0 2, 780, 550
-3.211

I

3, 181, 730

+9.0

3, 180, 979 +12.8
3, 171, 980 +14.1

26
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

July

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

August

September

August

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
1929,
Septemfrom
from
ber
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

1928

1929

Perct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

IRON AND STEEL— Continued
Crude Steel— Continued
Steel barrels:
677, 313
Production
barrels. _ 836, 532 774, 853 790, 175 806, 574 668, 224
57.8
64.2
61.8
65.2
54.5
72.0
Ratio to capacity
per cent
675, 600
If Shipments
barrels.. 834, 699 779, 567 782, 411 809, 860 658, 583
57, 544
59, 986
52, 222
56, 700
66, 341
P4 Stocks, end of month _
barrels
56, 936
***' Unfilled orders, end of month
barrels.. 1, 215, 972 1, 548, 999 1, 372, 697 1, 205, 659 1, 098, 650 1, 064, 358
11, 040
14, 818
14, 838
13, 844
12, 962
Track work, production
short tons
16, 333
Iron, steel, and heavy hardware
215
220
223
240
230
sales
rel to Jan , 1921
282
397
391
298
320
373
Lock washers, shipments
..thous. of dolls..
Wholesale prices:
32.00
35.00
35.00
35.25
35.00
36.00
Steel billets, Bessemer- -dolls, per long ton_.
34.93
37.01
36.57
36.50
36.72
37.10
Iron and steel comp
dolls per long ton
1.85
1.95
1.95
1.95
1.95
1.95j
Structural steel beams dolls per 100 Ibs
2.48
2.54
2.56
2.56
2.56
Composite finished steel-dolls, per 100 lbs_.
2.56

593, 255
50.2
595, 640
55, 059
996, 820
10, 767

-17.2
-16.4
-18.7
+17.0
-8.9
-12.5

+12.6
+8.6
+10.6
+20.5
+10.2
+20.4

207
257

-6.9

+16.0

32.00
35.17
1.85
2.50

0.0
-0.2
0.0
-0.8

+9.4
+3.8
+5.4
+1.6

5, 627; 004 6,515,997 +15.8
5, 624, 451

6, 496, 121 +15.5

110, 712

127, 061 +14.8

2,383

3,109 +30.5

Fabricated Steel Products
Structural steel, fabricated:
342, 650
New orders (prorated)
short tons
89
Ratio to capacity
per cent
311, 850
Shipments (prorated) _
short tons
81
Ratio to capacity
per cent
Steel plate, fabricated, new orders:
47, 763
Total
short tons
60
Ratio to capacity
per cent
10, 087
Oil storage tanks
short tons..
58, 768
Steel bars, cold finished, shipments.. short tons..
Steel boilers, new orders:
1,751
Quantity
number __
2,145
Area
thous. of sq. ft_.
Steel furniture:
Business group —
2,784
Shipments
thous. of dolls . .
2,814
New orders
. thous. of dolls __
2,401
Unfilled orders, end mo. thous. of dolls..
Shelving989
Shipments
thous. of dolls
1,121
New orders
thous. of dolls. .
897
Unfilled orders, end mo.thous. of dolls..
Iron and steel:
Exports
long tons.. 261, 516
54,445
Imports
.long tons-Enameled Ware
Baths:
Shipments
-'
pieces..
Stocks end of month
pieces
New orders
pieces. .
Unfilled orders, end of month.
pieces..
Lavatories:
Shipments
pieces. .
Stocks, end of month.
_
_ .pieces _.
New orders
_ ..
pieces. _
Sinks:
Shipments
pieces..
Stocks end of month
pieces
New orders. _
pieces..
Miscellaneous sanitary ware:
Shipments
_ .pieces
Stocks end of month
pieces
New orders.
pieces..
Small ware (all except baths) :
Unfilled orders end of month
pieces
Enameled sheet-metal ware:
Shipments
_ dozen pieces _ _

315, 700
82
319, 550
83

354, 200
92
288, 750
75

319, 550
83
273, 350
71

-13.7
-13.7
-7.8
-7.8

-1.2
-1.2
+16.9
+16.9

2, 541, 000

2, 952, 950 +16.0

2, 252, 250

2, 671, 900 +18.6

40, 432
51
14, 991
40, 889

47, 245
60
24, 807
42, 993

40, 281
50
18, 572
43, 893

+1.8
0.0
+34.4
-12.5

+0.4
+2.0
-19.3
-6.8

383, 968

412, 716

5 11, 150
46, 747

171, 270
367, 094

117, 258 -31.5
473, 370 +29.0

2, 052
« 2, 075

5 1, 859
e 1, 781

1,909
1,958

2,018
1,691

1,749
1,453

+2.7
+9.9

+9.1
+34.8

14, 866
13, 417

14, 545 -2.2
15, 557 +15.9

2,574
2,522
2,320

2,625
2,560
2,240

2,483
2,418
2,171

2,323
2,279
2,068

2,565
2,619
2,118

2,754
2,689
2,062

-6.4
-5.7
-4.7

-15.6
-15. 2
+0.3

25, 913
26, 494

25, 415
25, 310

920
959
934

867
939
999

890
931
1,041

689
732
808

836
863
734

678
800
754

-22.6
-21.4
-22.4

+1.6
-8.5
+7.2

6,636
6,938

247, 811
46, 397

270, 532
51, 275

242, 856
61, 547

222,408
46, 346

287,297
54,062

228,056
47, 685

-8.4
-24.7

-2.5
-2.8

2, 127, 431
447, 362

94, 452
197, 472
89, 944
49, 870

89, 388
181, 677
82, 349
41, 644

99, 705
162, 694
119, 670
61, 118

101, 050
152, 349
116, 532
74, 973

77, 374
152, 107
58, 574
55, 984

103, 878
122, 167
96, 876
68, 263

86, 342
134, 749
76, 074
53, 303

-23.4
-0.2
-49.7
-25.3

-10.4
+12.9
-23.0
+5.0

895, 970

774, 396 -13.6

993, 702

806, 166 -18.9

104, 471
257, 245
102, 187

101, 900
246, 575
92, 709

108, 077
223, 657
140, 109

125, 920
192, 213
146, 983

96, 488
172, 124
72, 078

114, 070
161, 276
102, 140

94, 383
168, 211
89, 126

-23.4
-10.5
-51.0

+2.2
+2.3
-19.1

1, 015, 145

897, 497 -11.6

1, 127, 717

946, 048 -16.1

108, 081
313, 022
111, 580

102, 709
298, 739
94, 446

114, 051
273, 463
138, 064

120, 018
254, 210
142, 536

103, 121
233, 482
84, 040

116, 497
216, 338
96, 830

101, 777
216, 255
99, 749

-14.1
-8.2
-41.0

+1.3
+8.0
-15.7

1, 042, 491

927, 640 -11.0

1, 148, 750

981, 935 -14.5

35, 616
145, 277
33, 781

42, 061
142, 411
41, 817

44, 762
133, 265
54, 131

48, 554
126, 626
53, 402

37, 879
122, 951
29, 312

54, 003
95, 958
41, 692

44, 910
103, 509
44, 707

-22.0
-2.9
-45.1

-15.7
+18.8
-34.4

433, 412

360, 739 -16.8

452, 034

377, 253 -16.5

207, 826

20 0

+33.7

346, 500
90
292, 600
76
45, 918
58
6,890
51, 181

1,685
1,823

350, 350 365, 750
91
95
304, 150 s 346, 500
79
«90
48, 968
62
14, 963
49, 910
5

6 39, 702
651

-1.9
-4.5

8,472 +27.7
8,943 +28.9
2, 327, 635
434, 740

+9.4
-2.8

174, 072

155, 483

358, 811

352, 484

1,484
12, 600

65, 164
1,402
11, 248

89, 222
1,187
10, 200

-6.1
-11.2

+25.0
+23.5

6 629, Oil1
12,63l|
88, 600!

6 765, 804 +21.7
12,614 -0.1
99, 179 +11.9

5 52, 451
2,902

48, 039
2,262

50, 689
2, 531

42, 538
2,017

-8.4 +12.9
-22.1 +12.1

427, 040!
19, 541 i

412, 750 -3.3
22,628 +15.8

1,778
1,849
4,282

1,819
1,978
4,115

1, 628
1,774
4,052

1, 579
1, 520
3, 023

1,405
1,369
3,056

-10.5
-10.3
-1.5

+15.9
+29.6
+32.6

240.1
233.3
275.3
174.2

231.2
224.9
263. 8
167.7

s 229. 3
s 218. 4
s 285. 7
5 156. 4

172.6
153. 2
272.0
153.6

219.7
187.5
387.5
146.1

179.2
145.7
354.0
145.5

-24.7
-29.9
-4.8
-1.8

-3.6
+5 1
-23.1
+5.6

177.3
172.7
300.8

219.3
182.1
368.7

229. 5
150.8
441.1

216.3
176.8
480.8

278.0
154.1
467.2

170.0
129.7
529.5

+17.5
+9.C

203
67. 322

18C
65. 197

198
54. 929

174, 981

154, 243

214, 996

259, 787

352, 885

337, 375

290, 532

385, 162

Vacuum cleaners, shipments
number-116, 192
Water softeners, shipments
units
1,444
Water systems, shipments ._
units . . 12, 348
Pumps:
Domestic shipmentsPitcher, hands.
units..
40, 915
Power, horizontal type
units ._
2,528
Steam, power, and centrifugalNew orders
thous. of dolls. .
1,772
Shipments
thous. of dolls .
1,886
Unfilled orders, end mo.thous. of dolls. .
4,058
Agricultural machinery and equipment:
ShipmentsTotal
rel to 1923-25
225.5
Domestic
rel to 1923-25
223.9
Foreign
rel to 1923 25
233.6
Production
rel to 1923 25
182.5
Foundry equipment:
New orders
rel to 1922 ^4
177.7
Shipments
rel to 1922-24
217.0
Unfilled orders, end of mo._rel. to 1922-24. .
323.8
Stokers, mechanical, sales:
Quantity _
number
174
Power
horseDower..
60. 772
«Revised.


87, 951
1,228
13, 031

62, 750
1,177
12, 267

92, 537
« 1, 581
14, 196

39, 898
2,989

5 39, 586
2,768

2,014
1,715
4,364



+7.5

6

6

2, 770, 676

3, 097, 404 +11.8

Machinery

-U.8

162
161 -23. f
152
65. 060 -19. C
44. 485
51. 572
6
Cumulative through Aug. 31.

12, 782;
12, 643!

i

+27.2
+36.3 --—9 2
-5.6
-31.6

10, 191 +26.7
15, 609 +23.5

i

1,17$ i
401. 3K i

1, 349 1 +15. 1
457, 8321! +14.1

27
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August , 1929, "Survey"

May

June

July

August

IRON AND STEEL— Continued
Machinery— Continued
Machine tools:
259
298
Now orders
rel to 1922-24
334
292
277
278
Shipments
rel to 1922 24
301
296
694
Unfilled orders, end of mo._rel. to 1922-24.693
721
722
Electric hoists:
New orders —
504
437
Quantity
number
541
600
249, 447 264, 888
Value
dollars
268, 043 283, 170
29, 0141 339, 881
262, 641 269, 978
Shipments _ _ .
dollars
Electric overhead cranes:
1,091
1,146
1,060
Shipments
thous. of dolls
1,122
1,157
1,457
1,165
1,189
New orders
thous of dolls
5,118
Unfilled orders, end of ino__thous. of dolls. .
5,047
5,193
4,786
Woodworking machinery:
1,691
1,748
New orders
thous. of dolls. _
1,620
1,678
1,767
1,974
1,612
Shipments
thous. of dolls .
1,786
1,232
Shipments
number of machines..
1,386
1,231
1,056
18
27
25
Cancellations _ .
thous. of dolls .
40
2,369
Unfilled orders, end of mo. .thous. of dolls..
2,445
2,130
2,406
Electric industrial trucks and tractors:
Shipments, domestic18
17
15
Tractors
number of vehicles
28
145
ll
129
All other types
number of vehicles. .
168
Exports
number of vehicles
16
10
Fire-extinguishing equipments, shipments:
132 6
120
115
Motor vehicles
nurnber..
118
62, 266
54, 420
Hand types
number
51, 929
63, 806
Patents issued:
4,054
Total, all classes .
number
3, 591
3,533
3,861
53
62
51
51
Agricultural implements
- number _ _
39
92
Internal-combusion engines
number. .
50
55
NONFEEEOUS METALS
Copper
Production:
79,229
93, 392
82, 354
78,885
Mines
short tons
94, 690
108, 961
Smelter
. short tons
95, 339
91, 735
153,513 148, 648
Refined (N. and S. America) .. .short tons.. 161, 784
156, 447
174, 347 5 174, 329
192, 589
World production, blister. _
short tons
174, 586
93, 743
98,720
Domestic shipments, refined
short tons
95, 258
96, 970
33, 876
36, 949
Exports
short tons
36,811
40, 852
Stocks (North and South America), end mo:
97, 729
104, 372
Refined
short tons
70, 412
83, 140
262, 229 251, 489 239, 470 241, 678
Blister._ _ _ _ _ _
short tons
.1778
Wholesale price, electrolytic
dolls per Ib
.1778
.1778
.1778
Wire Cloth
438
Production
_
thous. of sq. ft._
536
456
498
461
Shipments
_
__
thous. of sq. ft._
518
404
434
Stocks, end of month
-thous. of sq. ft_.
1,049
1,120
1,084
978
262
345
New orders.
_..
-thous. of sq. ft._
244
302
Unfilled orders, end of mo
thous. of sq. ft..
405
495
249
211
Make and hold orders, end
of month
thous of sq ft
618
568
507
480
Tin
Deliveries (consumption)
long tons
7,455
6,855
8,480
7,185
Stocks, end of month:
World visible supply
long tons
24, 765
23, 789
23, 751
26, 400
3,464
3,087
United States
long tons
3,820
2,858
5,521
Imports
_
long tons
8,902
7,150
9,737
Wholesale price, Straits, N. Y
dolls, per Ib
.4392
.4640
.4426
.4665
Zinc
Retorts in operation, end of month number
72, 087
72, 329
73, 231
58, 800
Per cent of total
per cent
61.1
60.2
60.1
49.2
Production
short tons
54, 441
56, 958
52, 953
55, 290
Stocks, end of month
short tons
44, 142
33, 826
36,932
47, 833
Ore, Joplin district:
Shipments
short tons
48, 995
37, 961
60, 119
63, 127
Stocks, mines, end of month
short tons
40, 957
47, 458
39, 813
42, 876
Price slab, prime western
dolls per Ib
.0662
.0669
.0677
.0680
Lead
Production
short tons
62, 119
56, 924 s 53, 316
57, 579
Ore shipments:
Joplin district
_ .short tons..
8,424
8, 491
5,373
7,808
Utah ___
short tons
96, 688
66, 083
92, 668
76, 003
Receipts in U S. ore
short tons
54, 865
58, 140
53, 542
54, 365
Stocks, U.S. and Mexico, end mo short tons
162, 255
173, 549
173, 612
175, 641
Price pig desilverized N Y
dolls per Ib
.0700
.0680
.0700
.0675
Other Metal Products
Babbitt metal, consumption:
Total apparent
thous. of lbs._
5,928
5,361
5,479
5,433
Direct by producers
thous. of lbs__
1,230
1,107
1,313
1,435
Sale to consumers
__ thous. of Ibs
4,821
4,048
4,249
3,997
Band instruments, shipments:
Total
_
dollars
5 275, 234 5 263, 237 5 228, 226 269, 807
5
Cup mouthpieces .
_ _ dollars
120, 003 s 119, 045 5 89, 130 117,562
Saxaphone
dollars
6 126, 384 5 112, 249 5 107, 976
119, 923
Wood wind
dollars
28, 847
32 322
31, 120
31, 943
Pails and tubs, galvanized:
Production
dozens
176, 622
105, 454
98, 857
107, 004
Shipments
_
.dozens..
150, 501. 104, 762
109, 841 108, 461

• Revised.



\

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

1929

September

August

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
1929,
Septemfrom
from
ber
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1928

1929

Per ct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

241
257
709

241
208
428

265
205
441

-19.1
-7.2
+2.3

-9.1
+25.4
+60.8

423
230, 543
281, 439

402
180, 365
193, 248

447
228, 510
172, 986

-3.2
-13.0
-17.2

-5.4
+0.9
+62.7

3,843
1, 790, 816
1, 633, 428

4,891 +27.3
2, 428, 233 +35.6
2, 338, 978 +43.2

1,048
701
4,878

564
82]
1,952

464
713
2,188

-1.1 +125. 9
-39.8
-1.7
-6.0 +123. 0

4,996
5,539

8,426 +68.7
11,338 +104. 7

1,297
1,555
1,129
15
1,829

1,641
1,436
1,170
6
2,058

1,639
1,413
1,050
26
2,265

-25.8
-21.2
-18.5
-40.0
-14.1

-20.9
+10.0
+7.5
-42.3
-19.2

12, 721
11,695
8,910
227

21
133
7

85
6

11
102
5

+40.0
+3.1
-30.0

+90.9
+30.4
+40.0

82
863
102

139 +69.5
1,355 +57.0
92 —9.8

125
51, 197

125
47, 490

143
42,193

+8.7
-19.8

-12.6
+21.3

950
424, 639

99J +4.3
490, 601 +15.5

3,081
51
44

3,390
29
43

3,039
40
42

-12.8
0.0
-20.0

+1.4
+27.5
+4.8

31, 249
364
456

32, 706 +4.7
460 +26.4
483 +5.9

78, 669
92, 538
134, 343
174, 853
98, 043
42, 978

76, 952
88, 517
143, 560
161, 838
83, 398
41, 186

78, 341
85, 795
137,018
157, 518
88, 707
36, 190

-0.3
+0.9
-9.6
+0.3
+1.1
+16.8

+0.4
+7.9
-2.0
+11.0
+10.5
+18.8

651,612
752, 851
1, 175, 297
1, 376, 795
698, 378
421, 212

772, 189
897, 214
1, 375, 438
1, 626, 189
886, 551
383, 472

+18.5
+19.2
+17.0
+18.1
+26.9
-9.0

94, 751
252, 685
.1778

54, 793
238, 923
.1453

51,812
239, 142
.1472

-9.2
+4.6
0.0

+82.9
+5.7
+20.8

373
394
928
333
242

430
387
1,120
408
285

403
423
1,099
412
320

-25.1
-9.2
-5.1
+10.3
+14.7

-7.4
-6.9
-15.6
-19.2
-24.4

3,912
3,681

4,155
3,808

+6.2
+3.5

3,459

3,691

+6.7

435

457

453

-9.4

-4.0

15, 444
15, 294
10, 634
291

+21.4
+30.8
+19.3
+28.2

8,120

7,200

6,885

+13.0

+17.9

58, 090

70, 260 +21.0

24, 556
2,479
7,712
.4538

18, 456
1,718
6,584
.4808

19, 924
3,508
8,187
.4807

-7.0
-13.3
-20.8
-2.7

+23.2
-29.3
-5.8
-5.6

58, 416

72, 118 +23.5

68, 828
57.4
53, 285
53, 363

66, 428
57.4
52, 157
44, 416

61,965
53.4
49, 361
47, 915

+17.1
+16.7
+11.6

+11.1
+7 5
+7.9
+11.4

468, 485

480,914

45, 084
43, 832
.0680

43, 466
39, 303
.0625

41, 429
48, 474
.0625

-28.6
+2.2
0.0

+8.8
-9.6
+8.8

427, 663

481, 938 +12.7

56, 879

53, 403

55, 167

+6.7

+3.1

477, 766

515, 452

7,461
75,927

9,326
65, 353
51, 978
155, 482
.0645

-4.4
-18.1

-20.0
+16.2

68, 693
622, 997
6 421, 136

77, 527 +12.9
727, 761 +16.8
6 440, 393 +4.6

.0689

6, 125
78, 811
53, 575
156, 976
.0625

+2.1

+6 8

5,225
1,337
3,888

4,756
939
3,817

5,308
999
4,309

-3.8
-6.8
-2.7

-1.6
+33.8
-9.8

43, 265
9,036
34, 228

51, 751 +19.6
11, 199 +23.9
40, 553 +18.5

8 268, 453 5 379, 357
5 115,991 8 150, 872
5 135, 278 5 185, 522
17, 184
42, 963

127, 797
150, 845
142, 487
139, 183
• Cumulative through Aug. 31.

+2.7

+7.9

6 2, 361, 315 62,182,974 -7.6
6 905, 631 6 897, 224 -0.9
6 1, 262, 724 e 1, 017, 279 -19.4
6 192, 960 6268,471 +39.1
6 1, 246, 252 61,166,469
6 1, 265, 868 6 1, 193, 361

-6.4
-5.7

28
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

1VOJYFERROUS ;METALS— Continued
Other Metal Products— Continued
Other galvanized ware:
Shipments.. .""""""""IlHIIdozens"
Electrical porcelain, shipments:
Standard
dollars
Special.
dollars..
Glazed nail knobs
thous
Unglazed nail knobs
thous.
Tubes
thous
Laminated phenolic products,
shipments.
._
Motors:
New orders..

of pieces
of pieces..
of pieces
dollars

May

June

July

August

43, 370
38, 597

.37,479
35, 334

42, 384
44, 117

110,326
159, 785
679, 579
4,160
3,202
2,025

101, 013
m, 704
667, 099
3,794
1,998
1,746

139, 240
168, 066
632, 172
8,301
2,426
3, 330

97, 631
165, 385
2,794
1,968
1, 870

(dUarterlv)

thnna

nf rlnllo

.Delinquent

firms

number

135, 487
171, 668
4,146
2,250 !
1,729 !

112, 210
129, 587
493, 067
4,213
2,796
2, 694

1928

920, 083
894, 690

718, 634
1, 127, 984

+48.4 -1.6
+14.3 -19.5
-7.5 -35.8

26, 697
14, 663
14, 929

383, 436 +15.0
6 358, 314 +12.5

+45.1
+28.0

1, 042, 583
1,444,120

38, 813 +45.4
21, 887 +49.3
16, 804 +12.6

+59.4

« 7, 471, 634 611,910,629

6 6, 384, 377 6 7, 797, 931 +22.1
6 6, 020, 178 6 6, 761, 202 + 12.3

957, 093
781, 472

e 1, 163, 857 6 1, 403, 986
6 3, 201, 815 6 3, 802, 728
821,900,267 621,489. -'-95

148, 158
118,301
! 413, 435
231, 502
i 3,049,567 2, 915, 560

_

-y

6

+38.8 +20.7
+3.8 +32.5

1 1,356,179 1, 243, 476

811, 575 1, 082, 845
854, 986
853, 961

(

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
__1928

1929

6 333, 514
6 318, 640

55, 850
50, 606

111, 803
129, 813
649, 599
4, 328
2, 401
2, 542

Perct.
increase

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
Septem1929,
from
ber
from
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

37, 846
44, 377

1, 477, 523 1, 456, 335 1, 732, 023 1, 915, 381

Power switching equipment i"
New orders —
133, 418 208, 495 169, 384
246, 171
indoor
dollars
Outdoor
dollars" 460, 749 598, 645 520, 058 605, 273
2, 931, 583 2, 114, 582 2, 587, 786 2, 719, 688
Outlet boxes and covers, shipments
nieces
:,. mVulcanized fiber:
878
1,029
827
814
Shipments, total.
thous. of dolls
3,489
3,470
3,808
3,693
Consumption
thous of Ibs
153, 716
130, 413
124, 466
157, 473
Industrial reflectors sales
units""
2, 112
2,411
1,986
2,366
Power cables, shipments. .
thous of ft
Flexible cords:
45, 114
48, 324
40, 588
50, 538
Shipments
thon^ of ft
55, 771
66, 831
58, 486
57, 202
Stocks, end of month
thous of ft"
Welding sets, new orders:
282
387
296
296
Single operator
units
8
5
9
7
Multiple operator
units"
Panel boards and cabinets, shipments"
Nonmetallic conduits shipments thous of ft
Electric furnaces, new orders " kilowatts"
Manufactured mica:
, Shipments
.thous. of dolls..
Unfilled orders, end of mo.thous. of dolls..
Delinquent accounts, electrical trade:

i
i
I
Septem- August
ber

53, 250
54, 860

dollars.. 854, 349 1, 098, 864
883, 821
1, 038, 218

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

+20.6
+18.8
-1.9

« 6, 714
6 5, 071
o 27, 110
6 22, 063
8 965, 644 6 1, 114, 104
19, 531
17, 101

+32.4
+22.8
+15.4
+14.2

591
2,805
122, 124
2,138
51, 062
47, 351

43, 854
44, 193

6 320, 154

6 377, 599 +17.9

228

2,676

568
2,362
126, 1511
2,197

234
7

6 1, 790
6118

6 2, 684 +49.9
658 -50.8

6 60, 887
44, 133

6 54, 359 -10.7
73, 571 +66.7

7 1, 288
8,242
6,562

8 1, 192
6,684
6,237

7,320
6,932

6,364
5,114

4,105

6,960
6, 493

8 1 357
7,376
4,226

303
302

252
294

254
326

274
275

263
235

283
290

189, 067
1,285

168, 724
1, 223

148, 166
1,027

174, 438
1,176

128, 059
1,117

165, 138
1, 367

"

+11.0

I
+21. 8

j

-19.7

-2.9

247
285

40
-14.5

+6.5
-17.5

s 140, 637
5 1, 220

-26.6
-5.0

-8.9
-8.4

AUTOMOBILES
Production:
United States0.01
415, 332
8 604, 078 8 545, 353 5 500, 387 8 498, 361
415, 314
-16.7
461, 298
Total. _
number of cars
+1.7
516, 055 8 452, 598 8 426, 137 & 441, 942
384, 786
400, 124
358, 615 -17.5
Passenger cars...
number of cars
8 1, 040
1,378
1,054
1,318
865 i
276 -16.8 +213. 4
469
Taxicabs
number of cars..
8 73, 196 8 55, 379
49, 681 |
« 86, 705 591,377
56, 423 -10.3 -11. 9|
60, 705
-Trucks
number of cars
!
Canada21, 492
14,214
17, 461
31, 559
13, 817 !
21, 193
-2.8 -34.8
31, 245
Total
number of cars
16, 511
13, 600
11, 037
25, 129
10, 710
-3.0 -35.4
24, 274
16, 572
Passenger cars
number of cars
4,981
3,177
6,430
3, 861
3,107
-2.2 -32.8
6, 971
4,621
Trucks
number of cars
Exports (assembled):
From United States42, 829
50, 976
55, 545
39, 913
33, 919 !
Total
number of cars..
30, 559 -20.8 +11.0
49, 007
34, 106
29, 082
22, 123
-6.9
28, 417
20, 934 :
22, 494
32, 815
-5.4
Passenger cars
number of oars
16, 870
20, 706
11, 496
26, 463
12, 985 i
-37.3 +61.0
16, 192
Trucks
number of cars..
8,065
From Canada—
7,629
8,219
9,561
7,319
6,641
-13.0 -23.4
11,011
8,670
-Total
number of cars
5, 346
4,732
4,901
5,727
-12.4
-31.6
4,293
7, 985
6,279
Passenger cars...
number of cars .
2,873
2,728
3,834
2,587
-1.8
2,348 ,
3, 026
2,391 -13.9
Trucks
number of cars
Shipments (General Motors Co.):
200, 754
168, 185
220, 277
To dealers
number of cars
189, 428
167, 460 -12.9 -12.5
146, 483 i 186, 653
173, 884
214, 870
194, 705
-2.4
181, 851
148, 784 -16.5
To users..
number of cars
145, 171 | 187, 463
Accessories and parts:
Shipments14 7
205
193
231
278
230
218
-3.6
Original equipment __rel. to Jan., 1925..
186
fi ^
152
169
150
+2.4
169
185
176
173
Replacement parts... rel. to Jan., 1925..
92
88
122
4 5 -31.1
91
90
147
Accessories
rel to Jan 192^
84
170
170
186
+5.0
200
148
140 -13.5
Service parts
rel to Jan ' 1925~"
147
2, 184
2,574
1,897
1,570
-8.9
Rim production
"."""."...thous. of rimsll
2,319
2, 110
2,316 +34.4
New passenger-car registrations:
Total..
number of cars.. 453, 981 386, 441 432, 609 378, 882 304, 359
329, 674 5 271, 821 -19.2 +12.0
14, 977
11, 447
12, 326
11, 240
11,482
-1.2
Highest price group
number of cars..
-7.0
11, 463
11, 600
67, 815
57, 915
67, 177
Second highest group
number of cars
64, 768
76, 537
52, 325
5 60, 475 -22. 1 -13.5
85, 913
66, 834
80, 114 5 64, 326 -21. 6 -18.5
Third highest group
..number of cars.. 103, 859
87, 685
52, 424 i
Lowest price group
number of cars
230, 801
230, 023
+39.5
266, 891
267, 878
187, 846
160, 596 5 134, 688 -18.3
522
-42. 3 -58.9
439
365
1,038
945
Miscellaneous
number of cars
301
5732
FUELS
_ ..
Coal and Coke
Bituminous:
Production43, 889
44, 515
5 41, 774 s 41, 971 +1.4
+6.1
40, 172
38, 073
40, 635
United States
thous. of short tons..
1,344
1, 552
8 1,412
1,388
1,290
1,348
Canada
thous of short tons
1,402
1,721
1,441
1,618
1,735
1, 631
1,577 +13.2! +3.4
Exports.
thous of long tons
Consumption —
!
347
313
+2.4 +10.9
314
351
339 ;
356
338
By vessels
thous of Ion01 tons
By electric power
1
3, 438
8 3, 418
3,598
3,866
3,403
plants
thous of short tons
3,370
j
5 7, 409
7,627
7,155
7,500
7,071
By railroads
thous. of short tons..
7,630
!
By coke plants6,194
7, 153
-5. 5 +15.7
7,442
7,588
6,180
7, 571
United States
thous. of short tons..
7,658
1
269
270
317
315
Canada
thous. of short tons 1
318
308
8
5
6

Quarter ending in
? Quarter ending Mar. 31, 1929.
Revised.
Cumulative through Aug. 31.


2,547

3, 470, 219
3, 059, 938
4,318
405, 963

4, 637,47L
4, 005, 177
13, 592!
618, 702

+33.6
+30.9
+214. 8
+52.4

202, 652
168, 837
33, 815

233, 853 +15.4
186, 960 +10.7
46, 893 +38.7

384, 574
288, 493
96, 081

456, 724 +18.8
293, 782 +1.8
162, 942 ! +69.6

54, 614
39, 860
14, 754

81, 303 +48.9
52, 691 +32.2
28, 612 +93.9

1, 606, 902
1, 576, 708

+4.3
+0.3

1, 675, 964
1, 581, 960

li
19, 815

i|
19, 778 i -0.2

2, 482, 021
101,011
529, 917
723, 105
1, 117, 339
10, 649

3, 269, 051 +31.7
102, 404 i +1-4
513, 477, -3.1
692, 736 i -4.2
1, 955, 7451 +75.0
4,689 -56.0

358, 698
e 11, 162
10, 235

382, 246 +6.6
o 11, 281 i +1.1
11, 575 I +13. 1

!

|

2,866

2,765

-3.5

6 26, 498
6 60, 679

6 29, 087
6 61, 801

+9.8
+1.8

55, 986
6 2, 069

65, 668 i +17.3
6 2, 458 i +18.8

month indicated.

29
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may he found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

FUELS— Continued
Coal and Coke— Continued
Bituminous — C ontinued.
PricesMine aver, (spot) .dolls, per short ton._
Wholesale, comp_ .dolls, per short ton..
Retail, composite .dolls, per short ton..
Anthracite:
Production
thous. of short tons
Exports—
thous. of long tons..
Prices —
Wholesale, comp_. .dolls, per long ton__
Retail composite dolls per short ton
Coke:
Production, U. S. —
Beehive
thous. of short tons
By-product
.thous. of short tons..
Production, Canada. -thous. of shon tons..
Exports
-thous. of long tons. .
Price, furnace,
Connellsville
dolls per short ton
Petroleum
Crude petroleum:
Production
thous. of bbls
Stocks at end of monthTotal (comparable)
thous of bbls
Tank farms and pipe
lines
thous of bbls
Refineries
thous. of bbls..
CaliforniaLight
thous of bbls
Heavy
thous. of bbls
Imports
thous. of bbls..
Consumption (run to stills) -thous. of bbls..
Refinery operation
per ct. of capacity. _
Price, Kansas-Oklahoma
dolls. perbbl..
Oil wells completed
number-Mexico—
Exports
thous of bbls
Venezuela— _
Production
thous of bbls
Exports
thous of bbls
Gasoline:
ProductionRaw (at refineries)
thous. of bbls. _
Natural gas (at plants) _. thous. of bbls_Exports
thous of bbls
Consumption
thous of bbls
Stocks, end of month —
Raw (at refineries)
thous. of bbls._
Natural gas ('at plants) __thous. of bbls__
Retail distributional States_thous. of gals. _
PricesWholesale, New York dolls, per gal
Retail, wagon, 50 cities. -dolls, per gal-Kerosene:
Production
thous of bbls
Exports
thous. of bbls
Consumption
thous. of bbls..
Stocks at refineries end mo thous of bbls
Retail distribution. 13 States thous of bbls
Price, 150° water white
dolls, per gal..
Gas and fuel oils:
Production ._
thous. of bbls..
Consumption—
By vessels
thous. of bbls
By electric pow. plants.thous. of bbls__
By railroads
thous. of bbls_.
Stocks at refineries, erd mo thous ofrbbls
Price Okla 24 26 refineries dolls pe bbl
Lubricating oil:
Production
thous. of bbls__
Consumption
thous of bbls
Stocks at refineries, end mo.thous. of bbls_.
Price cvlinder oil
dolls per gal
Asphalt:
Production
thous. of short tons
Stocks, end of month thous. of short tons
Imports
thous. of short tons
Coke:
Production
thous. of short tons
Stocks, end of month. thous. of short tons..
Wax:
Production
thous. of Ibs
Stocks, end of month
thous. of lbs__
RUBBER
Crude Rubber
World shipments, plantation
long tons
Imports (including latex)
long tons
Consumption by tire mfrs
thous. of lbs._
Consumption (quarterly):
Total
long tons
For tires
long tons..
s Revised.




PER CENT IN- i
CREASE (+) OR

1928

1939

DECREASE (— )

May

Jane

August

July

September

SepSeptember, tember, ;
1929,
1929,
Septemfrom :
from
ber
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

August

Perct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1938

1929

j

1.74
4.009
8.74

1.81
4.019
8.84

+2.8
+0.4
+2.1

+0.5
—2 2
+0.3

5,954
222

1.82
3. 930:
8.87i
i
6, 792
323

6,759
278

« 5, 927
265

+14.1
+45.5

+14.6
+21.9

12. 754
14.63

12. 848
14.67

12. 924
14.87

12. 853
14.76

13. 040
14.93

+0.6
+1.4

-0.9
-0.4

602
4,510
221
92

600
4,614
225
84

5562
4, 643
227
86

507
4,413

5322
3, 959
194
77

-9.9
-5.0

+57.5

98

295
3,995
191
70

+14. 0

+27.0

2.80

2.80

2.76

2.70

2.88

2.88

-2.2

-6.3

1.68
3.908
8.52

1.67
3.905
8.50

1.67
3.906
8.62

5 1.77
3.913
8.69

6,308
246

5,069
189

4,993
203

12. 539
14.40

12. 628
14.48

597
4,664
231
83

2.80

+11.5

84, 415

83, 403

91, 327

92, 288

87, 269

77, 807

5 76, 474

-5.4

+14.1

379, 542

379, 089

383, 343

386, 677

386, 662

368, 707

5 366, 720

0.0

331, 786
47, 303

335, 232
48, 111

339, 679
46, 998

341, 557
45, 105|

326, 290
42, 417

5 328, 123
° 40, 597

+0.6
-4.0

32, 667
103, 660
6,591
84, 400
83
1,300
1,316

34, 430
105, 646
6,122
85, 919
81
1,300
1,420

37, 685
108, 362
5,800
86, 733
81
1,300
1,671

40,433
110, 010 1
6,953!
84,099|
80
1,300
1,440!

18, 310
95, 057
6,141
81, 581
83
1,210
1,233

16, 870
96, 583
5 7, 140
e 79, 894
84
1,210
s 1, 185

3,635
2,923

3,648
2,961

3,906
2,483

4,091
2,511

4,047
2,212

3, 716
2,244

12, 038
10, 275

12, 101
10, 564

10, 793
10, 731

11, 394
10, 897

11,338
10, 146

9,031
8,933

9,478
8,615

-0.5
-6.9

36, 270
4,343
5, 203
34, 117

35, 606
4, 250
5, 65S
33, 163

37, 855
4,417
5,925
36, 860

38, 510
4, 507
5, 491
37, 759

37, 152
4,574
4,233
34, 193

33, 937
3) 438
4,452
33, 173

5 33, 670
s 3, 488
4,676
5
29, 766

33, 783
41, 991
37, 880
893
1,357
1,156
944, 989 5 1, 025, 073 1,008,569

33, 222
G61

27, 075
414
983, 898

+2.0
+2.8

3,167
35, 536
1,486
661

6

4,786
40, 364
1, 775
770

+51.1
+13.6
+19.4
+16.5

6

+4.7
+11.1

29, 934
102, 177
7, 552
84, 420
81
1, 158
1,191

54, 608
2,066

+5.4

330, 984
48, 558

53, 512
2,010

44, 648
1,391
934, 284

+7.3 +139. 7
+1. 5 +13.0
-2.6
+19.9
+5.3
-3.0
1 2 -4.8
+7.4
0.0
+21.5
-13.8

666, 097

758, 999 +13.9

59, 350
676, 963

62, 727
737, 594

+5.7
+9.0

9, 063

11,610 +28.1

6 35 052
6 24, 640

6 28, 955 -17.4
6 18, 300 -25.7

+19.6
+17.8

74, 018
71, 664

101, 556 +37.2
90, 726 +26.6

-3.5
+1- 5
-22. 9
-9.4

+10.3
+31. 1
-9.5
+14.9

275, 531
30, 897
39, 414
245, 276

5 26, 378
436
919, 055

-1.7
-26.0

+25. 9
+57. 6

320, 095
38, 398
43, 944
280, 984

+16. 2
+24.3
+11.5
+14.6
1

66,393,924

6

6, 818, 715

+6.6

.190
.157

,190
.160

.190
.158

.188
. 15 \

.166

.180
.160

.180
.163

-11.7

-7.8

4,902
1, 454
3,200
7,742
34, 388
.080

4,928
1,761
2,547
8, 348
31, 266
.074

4,406
1, 281
2, 684
8,797
35,213
.069

5, 111
2, 034
3,189
8, 689

4, 667
1,101
3,387
8,864

-5.9
-46.8
+7.0
+3.2

.070

s 4, 960
2,068
5 3, 164
5 8, 593
39, 713
.086

-8.7
-45.9
+6.2
+2.0

.068

5, 339
1,653
3,246
8,887
38, 048
.072

+2 9

— 18 6

38, 570

37, 338

37, 980

39,011

37, 468

37,517

s 37, 104

-4,0

+1.0

316, 844

336, 525

+6.2

4,704
600
4,259
35, 636
.631

4, 544
616
4,170
37, 332
.675

4,593
702
4,477
40. 075
695

4,734
785
4,326
39, 316

4,424

4, 564
614
5 4, 084
39, 236
650

-6.5

+9.2

38, 245

39, 528

+3.4

34, 716

+8.0

3,005
2, 322
8, 370
.405

2,928
2, 446
8, 869
.400

2,936
2,167
7, 524
.388

3,143
2,268
7,478
.238

O pfjO

2, 054
7,589
.869

2,891
2,035
7, 711
.229

2, 833
5 1, 995
7,742
.236

26, 154
+18, 552

+0.8
+5.7

315
236
4

327
247
13

386
243
3

379
247
18

365
231
. 11

316
247
13

142
471

154
498

158
564

169
608

161
649

53, 783
179, 139

52, 714
188, 764

46, 171
191, 298

53, 377
190, 878

66, 345
51, 186
66, 028

61, 390
41, 828
56, 851

71, 562
44, 338
52, 249

70, 532
37, 851

6

8 128, 149
8 111, 068
Cumulative through Aug. 31.

1

4, 053 |
612
4,363
39, 900
650

44, 505
16, 787
26, 802

42, 098 -5.4
14, 601 -13.0
27, 614 +3.0

6

6 32, 157

+3.4

+1.9

-9.3
-9.4
+1 5
+55.0

+0.7
+3.0
—2 0
+56.4

25, 936
17, 553

306
203
4

-3.7 +19.3
-6.5 +13.8
-38.9 +175. 0

2,564

69

•77 +11.6

136
402

119
402

+35.3
+61.4

1,037

1,309 +26.2

44, 513
183, 714

54, 429
79, 622

50, 428
s 85, 417

-16.6 -11.7
-3.8 +115. 1

464, 248

34, 814

58, 345
31, 204
62, 224

48, 338
39, 838
55, 351

-12.6

6 375, 706
312, 441

40, 646

3?

-8.0

8 108, 167
s 93, 173 I
-.
s Quarter ending in month indicated.

2,679 ' +4.5

473, 818

6

+2.1

568, 508 +51.3
438, 229 | +40.3

30

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

July

RUBBER— Continued
Crude Rubber— Continued
Stocks, end of quarter:
8 95, 519
Total .
long tons..
8 70, 598
Manufactures
long tons
8
24, 924
Dealers _ . _ ...
long tons..
' 42, 719
Afloat
long tons
World stocks, end of month:
World total
long tons.. 252, 867 245, 553 255, 247
97, 192
92, 062
"United States
. long tons
95, 532
37, 143
37, 135
37, 168
Europe
long tons _
35, 242
36, 336
Producing countries
long tons
39, 131
83, 290
80, 020
Afloat
.
long tons.
83, 412
Wholesale price, smoked sheets,
.214
.206
.213
New York__
dolls, per pound..
Tires and Tubes
Pneumatic tires:
6,109
5,478
Production
.
thousands __
4,856
13, 386
13, 468
Stocks, end of month
thousands..
11, 872
Shipments5,185
5, 288
Domestic
thousands
5,891
204
153
Export
. thousands168
Inner tubes:
5,234
5,745
4,634
Production
thousands.
14, 196
14, 056
Stocks, end of month _ _
_. thousands. _
14, 055
Shipments5,115
5,146
Domestic
thousands
5,993
133
98
Export
_ thousands
91
Solid and cushion:
40
40
39
Production
thousands
135
133
Stocks, end of month
..thousands..
129
Shipments40
38
39
Domestic _
thousands __
3
3
Exports
thousands
2
Other Rubber Products
Reclaimed rubber (quarterly):
8 57, 760
«...j Production
long tons
8 16, 446
^ Stocks end of quarter
long tons
Scrap rubber (quarterly) :
8 61, 429
Stocks at reclaimers
long tons..
8 74, 292
Consumption by reclaimers
long tons
Rubber-proofed fabrics, production:
4,860
4,409
4,260
Total
thous. of yds
919
1,199
1,188
,' Auto fabrics..
thous. of yds..
1,262
1,554
1,208
< ;•]
All other.
..thous. of yds..
2,387
1,948
1,864
Raincoat fabrics
thous of yds
Rubber heels:
19, 541
20, 007
Production
thous. of pairs
19, 315
Shipments —
12, 262
12, 552
13, 785
To shoe manufacturers thous. of pairs
7,604
8,256
To repair trade
thous of pairs
6,337
1,054
926
794
For export
thous. of pairs
44, 969
44, 581
44, 243
Stocks, end of month
thous. of pairs
Rubber soles:
2,502
2,916
Production
thous. of pairs
1,295
Shipments —
2,185
2,361
1,272
To shoe manufacturers.thous. of pairs..
522
635
163
To repair trade
thous of pairs
32
17
70
For export
thous. of pairs
3,843
3,997
Stocks end of month
thous of pairs
2,895
Mechanical rubber goods:
Shipments—
6,792
7,188
Total
thous. of dolls
6,306
1,798
1,613
1,645
Belting
thous. of dolls
2,643
2,658
2,355
Hose
thous of dolls
2,521
2,748
2,305
All other
thous. of dolls
205
187
192
Rubber bands, shipments
thous. of lbs_.
733
525
Rubber flooring, shipments
thous. of sq. ft._
566
Calendered rubber clothing:
100, 706
87, 530
Production
no coats and sundries
89, 871
78, 972
98, 444
60, 921
Net orders
no. coats and sundries
HIDES AND LEATHER
Hides
Imports:
38, 643
41, 509
49, 910
Total hides and skins
thous. of lbs__
6,559
5,096
Calfskins
thous. of lbs__
5,636
14,122
17, 450
24, 259
Cattle hides
thous. of Ibs
9,882
8,309
9,361
Goatskins
thous of Ibs
6,824
6,301
Sheepskins
thous. of lbs._
6, 849
Stocks, end of month:
250, 025
246, 330
248, 549
Total hides and skins
.thous. of Ibs. _
201, 176
196, 202
194, 453
Cattle hides
thous. of Ibs
32, 525
26, 068
Calf and kip skins
thous. of Ibs
30, 951
21, 298
19, 086
Sheep and lamb skins
thous of Ibs
23,145
Prices:
Green salted, packers' heavy
.149
.168
native steers
dolls, per lb_.
.181
.179
.186
Calfskins, country, No. 1
dolls, per lb__
.199
Inspected slaughter of livestock:
United States676
636
Cattle
thous. of animals
706
344
427
363
Calves
.
thous. of animals
3,798
3,756
Swine...
..thous. of animals..
3,597
1,202
1,108
Sheep
thous. of animals..
1,255
8
Cumulative through Aug. 31.




PEE CENT INCREASE (+) OB
DECREASE (— )

1938

September

August

August

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
1929,
Septemfrom
from
ber
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1938

1939

Per ct .
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

8 68, 729
8 54, 428!
8
14, 301
8 43, 492

259, 683
90, 769
44, 795
36, 802
87, 217

84, 362

201, 078
68, 995
35, 755
21, 828
74, 500

198, 481
68, 851
35, 243;
17, 687
76, 700

.206

.202

.193

.182

-1.9

+11.0

4,167
10, 394

3,557
9,635

5,607
7,539

d, 101
7,324

-19.6
-7.3

-30.3
+31.6

44, 284

45, 945

5,544
175

4,343
158

6, 131
179

5,191
168 1

-21.7
-9.7

-16.3
-6.0

42, 945
1,380

44, 768 +4.2
1,774 +28.6

4,428
10, 338

4,113
9,923

6,264
10, 466

5,327
10, 158

-7.1
-4.0

-22.8
-2.3

46, 892

45, 445

6,113
110

4,624
117

6,886
132

5, 245j

121

-24.4
+6.4

-11.8
+3.3

45, 352
896

46, 186 +1.8
1,169 +30.5

33
120

27
113

52
149

43
151 j

-18.2
-5.8

-37.2
-25.2

399

309 -22.6

41
2

35
2

49
5

42|
2^
j

-14.6
0.0

-16.7
0.0

373

333 -10.7

-17.0

+43.6

e 24, 068
7,214
6
6, 621
6 11, 013

6 32, 422
9,067
6
10, 131
6 14, 344

+34.7
+25.7
+53.0
+30.2

6 155, 394

-1.2

+3.7

-3.1

8

52, 823 '
8 14, 963 j
8 61, 016
8 66, 298

i

5,085
1,349
1,317
2,419

4,613
764
1,251
2,598

4, 966
780
1,007
3, 179

23,095

21, 289

21, 451

6 157, 290

14, 942
8,025
1,098
43, 960

11, 642
9,244
729
49, 511

9,207

9, 199
875
49, 751

6 82, 085
6 61, 845
6 6, 842
(6)

1,120

6
6

96, 430 +17.5
58, 199 -5.9
6 8, 654 +26.5

2,948

3,461

2,725

6 27, 203

6 21, 753 -20.0

2,548
517
78
3,319

2,209
917
46
5,633

1,703
893 !
29
5,501

6 15, 484
6 7, 449
6 1, 889

6 17, 346 +12.0
6 4, 781 -35.8
6434 -77.0

6,792
1,940
2,196
2,656
196
598

6,306
1,888
2,068
2,360
193
583

5,393!

6 47, 402
6 11, 698
6 18, 041
e 17, 702
1,719
5,260

6

74, 509
64, 695

92, 588
108, 156

47, 056
4,053
26, 540
7,951
6,773

34, 448
2,707
18, 504
6,728
4,902

243, 591
197, 086
25, 758
20, 747

249, 272
203, 227
24, 059
21, 986

.236
.275

.246
.275

189
630

96, 281
37, 906

47, 956
4,900
28, 137
7,692
4,405

51, 903
3,178
^9,132
8,893
7,336

253, 415
202, 564
28, 141
22, 710
.188
.198
726
388
3,130
1,298

.196
.204

1, 412
1, 731
2, 250
186
754

753
717
764
365
369
352
3,104
2,545
2,508
1,317
1,307
1,196
5
Quarter ending in month

-3.6
+5.4

+1.6
-16.4

53, 294
6 12, 928
6
19, 964
6 20, 403
1, 947
5,101

+12.4
+10.5
+10.7
+15.3
+13.3
-3.0

6 819, 751
6 525, 400

+8.2 +50.7
-35.1 +17.4
+3.5 +57.4
+15.6 +32.2
+66.5 +49.7

+4.3
+3.0

o 661, 276 -19.3
8 473, 423 -9.9

414, 820
34, 041
234, 377
70, 462
50, 847

374, 087 -9.8
34, 769 +2.1
183, 067 -21.9
77, 526 +10.0
51, 858 +2.0

-20.3
-25.8

+3.7
-1.4
-5.9
+3.7
-0.8 +23.8
+1.5 +0.8
indicated.

6,237
3,556
35, 764
9,836

6,096
3,436
35,007
10. 408

-2.3
-3.4
-2.1
+5.8

31
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

August

July

June

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

September

August

September

||

SepSeptember, ember,
1929,
1929,
from
from
SepAugust, ;ember,
1929
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1938

1939

Perct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

HIDES AND LEATHER— Continued
Hides— Continued
Inspected slaughter of livestock— Continued.
CanadaCattle and calves _._thous. of animals..
Swine
.thous. of animals
Sheep
thous. of animals

110
187
17

93
161
25

105
159
55

99
160
77

98
142
93

105
140
62

96
161
86

-1.0
-11.2
+20.8

+2.1
-11.8
+8.1

827
1,877
312

1,144
22,691

1,244
24, 911

1,176
23, 965

« 1, 300
25, 323

1,186

1,463
25, 701

1,324
23, 510

-8.8

-10.4

12, 213
6 197, 392

80, 606
72, 070
1,149
.49

79, 153
70, 616
758
.49

80, 641
68, 538
832
.51

80, 587
66, 276
782
.52

539
.54

89, 508
72, 439
996
.67

85, 990
72, 243
733
.65

-31.1
+3.8

-26.5
-16.9

7,521

8,259

+9.8

6 546, 434

6 545, 017

-0.3

812 -1.8
1,690 -10.0
363 +16.3

Leather
Sole and belting leather:
ProductionSole only. -thous. of backs, bends, sides..
Sole and belting .,
thous. of Ibs
Stocks, end of month—
In process of tanning
thous. of Ibs
Finished
thous of Ibs
Exports
thous. of Ibs
Price oak, scoured backs
dolls, per lb_.
Upper leather:
Production
thous of sq ft
Stocks, end of month—
In process of tanning- _thous. of sq. ft_.
Finished
thous. of sq. ft._
Exports
thous. of sq. ft_.
Chrome calf, "B" grades ..dolls, per sq. ft..
Leather Products
Shoes:
Production
thous of pairs
Exports
thous. of pairs
Wholesale pricesMen's black calf
blucher, Boston ._ dolls, per pair..
Men's dress welt, tan
calf oxford, St. Louis.dolls. per pair..
Women's black kid, dress
welt, lace, oxford
dolls, per pair
Gloves, cut..
_
..dozen pairs..

6

10, 761 -11.9
186, 900 -5.3

63, 653

66, 425

71, 323

82, 954

73, 150

66, 380

134, 079
241, 783
10, 208
.51

135, 198
235, 156
8,491
.50

141, 207
230, 871
9,267
.49

147, 678
216, 406
7,736
.49

8,264
.49

147, 602
253, 854
9,000
.57

146, 010
247, 386
9,093
.57

+6.8
0.0

-9.1
-14.0

103, 087

87, 137

-15.5

29, 159
333

28, 120
357

5 30, 223
320

36, 295
291

321

34, 974
331

31, 000
275

+10.3

+16.7

6 231, 607
3,233

6 239, 031
3,219

+3.2
-0.4

6.75

6.75

6.75

6.75

6.75

6.75

6.75

0.0

0.0

4.85

4.85

4.85

4.85

4.85

5.00

5.00

0.0

-3.0

4.25
263, 933

4.25
252, 703

4.25
255, 711

4.25
292, 545

4.25
285, 094

4.25
237, 043

4.25
213, 945

0.0
-2.5

0.0
+33.3

1, 912, 163

2, 319, 920 -21.3

20, 666

114, 668
138, 309
147, 611
17, 233

108, 166
122, 771
133, 006
21, 953

222, 116
221, 008
44, 682
120, 643
2.53

201, 646
204, 378
42, 510
124, 048
2.53

1

PAPER AND PRINTING
Wood Pulp
Mechanical:
166, 375
Production
short tons _
Consumption and shipments short tons
148, 251
Stocks, end of month
.
short tons
178, 963
Imports
short tons
21, 044
Chemical:
Production
short tons.. 241, 354
Consumption and shipments— short tons.. 242, 254
Stocks, end of month
short tons..
34, 112
Imports
short tons
121, 989
Price, sulphite
dolls, per 100 lbs_.
2.49
Newsprint Paper
Production:
123, 504
United States, total
short tons
82
Ratio to capacity
percent _
245, 644
Canada
short tons
Consumption by publishers
short tons.. 200, 826
Shipments:
124, 840
United States
short tons
Canada,
_
short tons
247, 449
Imports
short tons
206, 036
Exports:
Canada
short tons.. 214, 342
Stocks, end of month:
At millsUnited States
short tons..
25, 778
Canada
short tons..
23, 893
At publishers
short tons.. 154, 948
In transit to publishers
short tons..
51, 425
3.25
Price, roll. f. o. b. mill
dolls, per 100 Ibs..
Printing
Book publication:
American manufacture
no. of titles..
601
Imported
no. of titles..
135
Sales books:
New orders..
thous. of books..
12, 748
Shipments
thous. of books
12, 154
Blank forms, new orders
thous. of sets. . 70, 16S
Box Board
Operation
_
_ -thous. of inch hours
9,526
Operation
.per ct. of capacity-83.4
Production
_
. short tons
264, 83C
New orders
short tons - 240, 39E
Shipments
short tons
260, 283
Stocks, end of month
_
short tons..
62, 311
Stocks of waste paper, end of month:
On hand
short tons.
150, 048
In transit and unshipped purchases ..tons. . 54,433
Unfilled orders, end of month
short tons..
89, 485
Consumption of waste paper
short tons.. 248. 813
«Revised;



142, 915
136, 669
185, 209
24 014

122, 946
136, 695
171, 535
18, 724

225, 940
223, 016
36, 188
153, 956
2.53

221, 388
221, 105
35, 940
161, 185
2.60

237, 762
142, 502
2.60

134, 533
2.60

113, 407
82
225, 055
192, 424

111, 578
81
229, 045
173, 375

120, 868
77
225, 873
172, 239

108, 155

116, 120

227, 665

200, 480
162, 184

102, 821
74
186, 396
169, 625

114,558
233, 920
202, 398

112, 616
227, 502
210, 497

118, 789
224, 254
209, 90

107, 495
226, 623
196, 123

114, 768
197, 224
173, 872

219, 895

199, 692

217, 638

201, 249

24, 602
24, 199
161, 318
48, 716
3.25

23, 603
28, 993
191, 647
44, 781
3.25

25,65
29,78
205, 532
44,676
3.25

26, 490
30, 742

695
125

501
131

819
177

12, 332
12,445
58, 687

11, 476
13, 737
57,22£

12, 839
13,631
54,054

9,171
83.5
241, 028
231, 230
235, 865
62, 384

9,04£
79.2
236, 377
240, 617
235, 863
63, 333

159, 005
56,904
81, 886
234. 119

175, 306
64, 35S
88, 275
215. 537

24, 731

1, 193, 456
1, 819, 753

-16.4

-5.9

180, 197

189, 034

+4.9

1, 923, 194
1, 929, 502

-5.6
0.0
-10.5

+8.5
+2.8

1, 038, 07

1, 192, 482 +14.9

+5.2

1, 047, 602

1, 038, 243

-0.9

+0.8

+22.1 I 6 l, 732, 563 6 1, 992, 604 I +15.0
1, 375, 349 1, 481, 938 +7.7

107, 834 1
197, 532
164, 648

-9. 5
+1.1
-6.6

-0.3 1,031,630
+14.7 1 1,728,423
+19.1 1, 545, 425

1,048,487 +1.6
1, 895, 172 +9.6
1, 748, 238 +13.1

179, 334

170, 840

-7.5

+17.8

1, 583, 010

1, 828, 880 +15.5

40, 838
52, 108
209, 044
39, 744
3.25

35,687
43,800
191, 287
48, 229
3.25

+3.3
+3.2

-25.8
-29.8

0.0

0.0

55
169

835
261

12, 977
12, 226
56, 428

12, 538
13, 738
58, 108

11, 837
11,976
50, 114

+1.1
-10.3
+4.4

+9.6
+2.1
+12.6

110,993
107, 80
420,429

9,590
809
264, 365
257, 318
262, 889
61, 853

8,526
809
237, 759
246, 801
242, 421
58, 664

9,23
81.
230, 750
236, 68
233, 10
47,70

8,344
83.0
224,971
234, 449
228, 880
45, 271

-11.1
+0.6
-10.1
-4.1
-7.8
+5.2

+2.2
-1.9
+5.7
+5.3
+5.9
+29.6

1,992,076
2,009,36
1,989,81

2, 227, 948 +11.8
2, 202, 301 +9.6
2, 218, 402 +11.5

171, 360
61, 571
82, 969
256. 560

174, 526
89, 280
87, 304
230. 146

117, 00
48,10
81,81
213. 62fi

116, 197
53, 344
87,097
217. 361

+1.8
+45.0
+5.2

+50.2
+67.4
+0.2
4-5.9

1 8K2 279

2 214 431

3.25

6

65,16
61,07

—in. a

Cumulative through Aug. 31.

75,63

6 5, 437
6 1, 140

+5.4
+6.1

112,030 +0.9
112, 934 +4.8
529, 741 +26.0
82, 287

+8.8

4-14 2

32
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

September

August

July

June

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
Septem1929,
from
ber
from
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

August

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1928

1929

Perct.
increase
( }
or t
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

PAPER AND PRINTING— Continued
Other Paper
Binder's board production
short tons..
Book paper:
Production
short tons..
Ratio to capacity
per cent..
Shipments
short tons..
Stocks end of month
.short tons. _
New orders—
Coated ..p. ct. of normal production..
Uncoated.p. ct. of normal production..
Unfilled orders, end of monthCoated — .p. ct. of normal production..
Uncoated.p. ct. of normal production..
Wrapping paper:
Production
.short tons.Ratio to capacity
per cent..
Shipments
short tons..
Stocks, end" of month
----- short tons..
Fine paper:
Production
short tons..
Patio to capacity
per cent—
Shipments
short tons..
Stocks end of month
short tons. _
All other grades:
Production
.snort tons..
Shipments
short tons..
Stocks end" of month
_
short tons. _
Total paper (inc. newsprint and box board) :
Production
short tons..
Ratio to capacity
per cent__
Shipments
.short tons..
Stocks end" of month
short tons. .

3,491

3,092

2,828

3,443

3,092

2,431

138, 024

129, 743

137, 034
74, 255

130, 132
74, 255

130, 768
91
130, 245
74,998

138, 614
93
136, 951
77, 248

130, 416
89
133, 024
85,836

117, 374
86
120, 895
82,403

86
80

84
82

82
81

85
77

87
86

77
79

81
80

+2.4
+11.7

+7.4
+7.5

10
9

9
8

10
9

9
8

10
8

8
7

10
7

+11.1
0.0

0.0
+14.3

94, 302
85
92, 227
87, 733

87, 191
85
86, 406

84, 093
79
85, 775

91, 849
83
90, 655

100, 779
89
100, 174
93, 340

83, 582
84
86, 173
91, 977

6760,460

6729,153

-4.1

6750,741

6730,128

-2.7

41, 660
90
42, 368
49, 488

38, 513
90
37, 897

37, 624
85

38, 924
84

39, 331
84
38, 938
53, 535

34,885
80
34, 885
53, 361

6311,472

6315,905

+1.4

6308,082

6318,778

+3.5

111, 182
107, 735
58, 932

100, 897
100, 098
59, 875

100, 503
101, 783
57, 592

105, 855
104, 638
58, 009

110, 677
109, 154
72, 438

100, 138
102, 437
70, 140

6819,803
6812,281

6 832, 992
6825,702

+1.6
+1.7

773, 502
87
764, 487
358, 497

710, 779
704, 956
359, 310

700, 943
86
702, 890
353, 342

759, 302
83
751, 475
356, 781

728, 073
78
729, 162
393, 696

663, 771
84
681, 104
378, 839

490, 117
386, 241
103, 876

506, 830
406, 9G8
19, 922

481, 762
384, 885
96, 877

550, 170
448, 920
101, 250

544, 276
434, 351
109, 925

441, 792
364, 756
77, 036

434, 371
359, 553
74, 818

82
83
79

85
87
77

80
82
74

89
91
82

89
91
82

79
77
84

79
78
80

95, 224
26, 040
81

90, 355
16, 696
S6

88, 566
11, 400
85

100, 924
20, 514
101

99, 221
17, 817
95

99, 789
17, 875
111

95, 131
18, 281
102

177
182
205.2
203
98.16

176
181
205.7
203
97.54

177
182
204.8
202
97.94

177
182
205.9
203
98.84

176
182
207.6
201
98.97

177
181
207.3
200
101. 21

177
181
207.3
201
101. 13

-0.6
0.0
+0.8
— 1.0
+0.1

-0.6
+0.6
+0.1
0.0
-2.1

204
214
197
201

204
214
197
201

204
214
197
200

204
214
197
201

205
214
197
201

204
213
198
201

204
213
198
201

+0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0

+0.5
+0.5
-0.5
0.0

13, 353
8,341
36, 227
6,349

12, 873
9,563
36, 161
6,525

13, 481
10, 148
28, 339
5,190

12, 612
7,585
24, 354
4,914

11, 974
8,548
42, 859
5,418

11, 442
10, 348
38, 744
5, 651!

-6.4
-25.3
-14.1
-5.3

5,195
70, 297

5,743
71, 320

5,896
63, 875

6,958
57, 152

6,392
« 75, 638

6, 278!
73, 146;

78, 625
69, 621
185, 328
41, 745

88, 137
66, 318
194, 754
46, 333

68, 365
71, 820
142, 049
31, 149

71, 590
52, 090
114, 184
29, 034

57, 178
41,318
207, 521
33, 559

39, 324
117, 426
532, 069
72, 420
231

49, 537
179, 897
624, 976
57, 941
218

42, 762
114, 766
470, 910
58, 622
239

49, 307
114, 146
430, 351
46, 959
259

45, 470
114, 714
499, 760
39, 449
239

26, 631
3,079

31, 528
5,027

27, 504
3,776

« 1,008, 705 61,065,847
i
998, 024 61,072,090

+5.7
+7.4

65,612,326 66,659,898 +18.7
65,553,861 65,863,084

+5.6

Paperboard Shipping Boxes
Production:
Total
thous. of sq. ft_.
Corrugated
thous. of so. ft__
Solid fiber
thous. of sq. ft—
Operating activity:
Total
per cent of normal..
Corrugated
per cent of normal _ _
Solid
fiber
per cent of normal. _
Abrasive paper and cloth:
Domestic ^ales
reams- _
Foreign sales
reams _
Rope paper sacks shipments rel. to 1921-22. _

-1.1 +25.3
-3.2
+20. 8
+8.6 +46.9
0.0
0.0
0.0

3, 687, 406
2, 955, 185
683, 472

4, 521, 384 +22.6
3, 582, 890 +21.2
938, 494 +37.3

+12.7
+16.7
+2.5

802, 614
165, 060

856, 612
178, 565

+10.2
-26.7
-37.1
-13.0

113, 158
69, 223
423, 308
47, 324

121, 145 +7.0
77, 125 +11.4
307, 135 -27 A
45, 927 -3.0

+18.0
-10.5

+10.8
-21.9

53, 666
711, 122

45, 627 -15.0
603, 513 -15.1

58, 525!
112, 925J
196, 850
37, 088

+4.7
-27.5
-19.6
-6.8

+22.3
-53.9
-42.0
-21.7

654, 472
472, 352
2, 111, 698
301, 992

696, 559 +6.4
575, 317 +21.8
1, 518, 636
28 1
289, 939 -4.0

51, 317
115, 808
572, 513|
45,439|
266

+15. 3
-0.5
-8.6
-19.9
+8.4

-3.9
-1.4
-24.8
+3.3
-2.6

434, 719
978, 816
4, 954, 049
379, 505

377, 734 -13.1
985, 729 +0.7
4, 381, 536 — 11.6
441, 644 +16.4

17,724
17, 183 -22.1
21, 422
2,040
2,356
1,739 -46.0
«Cumulative through Aug. 31

+24.7
+17.3

227, 062
19, 176

244, 128 +7.5
26, 640 +38.9

-1.7
-13.3
-5.9

+4.3
-2.5
-6.9

+6.7
+8.2

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND
HOUSING
Building Costs
Building materials:
Frame houce 6-rm 1st of mo rel. to 1913
Brick house, 6-rm. 1st of mo ---rel. to 1913..
Bldg costs 1st of mo
rel. to 1913 _
Bldg costs' (A G C), 1st of mo._.rel. to 1913-.
Plumbing fixtures 6 pieces
dollars. _
Construction costs (Am. Appraisal):
r
Frame
el. to 1913. _
Brick wood frame
rel. to 1913 _
Brick' steel frame
.rel. to 1913. _
Reinforced concrete
rel. to 1913. _
Contracts and Losses
Contracts awarded (36 States):
15, 789
Commercial buildings
thous. of sq. ft—
10, 325
Industrial buildings
thous. of sq. ft—
38, 740
Residential buildings
thous of sq ft
6,050
Educational buildings
thous. of sq. ft—
Other public and semi5,866
public buildings
thous. of sq. ft—
77, 586
Grand total
thous. of sq. ft—
Contracts awarded, value (36 States):
82, 681
Commercial buildings
thous. of dolls—
79, 915
Industrial buildings
thous. of dolls .
185, 658
Residential buildings
thous of dolls
36, 690
Educational buildings
thous. of dolls..
Other public and semi47, 387
public buildings
thous. of dolls. .
Public works and utilities. -thous. of dolls. _ 132, 383
Grand total
thous. of dolls. . 566, 010
64, 860
Contracts awarded, Canada
thous. of dolls211
Building volume (A G C )
rel. to 1913
Fire losses:
United States and Canada,
21, 637
(Journal of Commerce)..- -thous. of dolls—
2,551
Canada (Monetary Times). -thous. of dolls..
5
Revised.




33

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

July

1928

j

1939

August

September

August

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
Septem1929,
from
ber
from
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

LUMBER PRODUCTS
Softwood Lumber
Southern pine:
425, 493 386, 671 -10.1
Production (computed)
M ft. b. m__
414, 166 369, 971 393, 932 400, 274 359, 757
87
83
83
0.0
Operation
per cent of full time
88
87
83
81
-9.5
Shipments (computed).
M ft. b. m__
468, 672 423, 218
409, 616 370, 310 377, 571 384, 203 347, 704
479, 370 434, 884
New orders (computed)
M ft. b. m._
-9.0
388, 317 343, 106 379, 217 378, 878 344, 703
+1.2
Stocks, end of mo. (computed) _M ft. b. m__
985, 877 985, 538 1, 001, 899 1, 017, 970 1, 030, 023 1, 019, 050 991, 781
Unfilled orders,end mo.(comp.) M ft. b. m__
339, 038 340, 875
294, 793
289, 468 286, 467
-1.0
320, 351 293, 147
43,287
Exports, lumber
M ft. b m
52, 630
43, 087
57, 275
40, 837 -18.1
59, 384
59, 263
Exports, timber
M ft. b. m
17, 474
9,300
14, 874
7,465
14, 897 +59.9
9,311
10, 722
36.34
-1.8
Price, flooring ..dolls, per M ft. b. m__
37.27
37.43
37.73
37.04
36.76
37.00
Douglas fir:
Production
M ft. b. m
358, 566 296, 343
361, 700 334, 841 302, 162 353, 642
389, 454 315, 144
Shipments (computed)
M ft. b. m._
384, 530 371, 995 319, 621 333, 498
New orders
M ft. b. m
327, 678
381, 396 322, 754
306, 639
365, 728 354, 537
Exports, lumber
M f t b in
98, 179
72, 811
64, 085
59, 236
64, 265 -12.0
95,104
83, 966
40, 837
Exports, timber
M ft. b. m
48, 303
38, 493
43, 932
44, 264 -20.3
23, 309
51, 571
17.75
Price, No. 1 common. dolls, per M ft. b. m._
18.57
-1.1
18.89
18.74
18.77
18.36
17.32
Price,flooring,1 x 4 , "B"
42.79
-0.4
and better, V. G... dolls, per M ft. b. m__
42.95
42.73
37.19
38.85
42.69
42.96
California redwood:
35,291
41, 137
Production (computed)
M ft. b. m__
44, 923
28, 435
34,329 -21.4
48, 083
37, 866
37, 363
43, 983
Shipments (computed).
M ft. b. m._
48, 648
33, 107 -23.2
28,672
48, 742
41, 507
New orders (computed)
M ft. b. m _ _
39,855
44, 930
34, 086
33, 519 -24.1
35, 657
49, 507
38, 776
Unfilled orders, end of month
(computed). ._
M ft. b. m
45, 093
47, 235
44, 590
41, 837
-6.2
45, 062
40, 257
47, 916
California white pine:
145, 491 122, 708 -25.2
Production
M ft. b. m
94, 983
120, 968
126, 934
127, 672
118, 422
118, 310
93, 900
Shipments
M f t b. m
97, 302
102, 334
-8.2
105, 246
109, 599
98, 779
Stocks end of month
M ft b m
516, 764
442, 929 463, 175 486, 416
516, 220 523, 772
538, 136
+1.5
102, 805
New orders
M ft b m
88, 208
95, 986
80, 250
-6.4
105, 597
105, 832
86, 716
Unfilled orders, end of month. .M ft. b. m__
153, 701
181, 014
150, 643
162, 494
-5.4
143, 950
188, 747
156, 475
North Carolina pine:
Production (computed)
M ft. b. m__
48, 132
45, 437
47, 831
48, 993
37, 457
-1.8
53, 270
61, 243
Shipments (computed).
M ft. b. m__
48, 643
-5.4
50, 946
48, 230
45, 605
39, 900
65, 954
59, 080
Northern pine:
Lumber41, 882
Production
M ft b m
57, 335
50, 733
51, 618 -16.0
50, 537
49, 846
56, 031
Shipments
.
M ft. b. m
44, 825
37, 054
47, 755
43, 764
44, 618 -15.3
47, 541
44, 197
30,291
New orders
M ft b m
41, 435
40, 012
42, 485
44, 209 -28.7
37, 478
37, 142
Lath6,268
Production.
thousands
12, 318
8,822
8,442
12, 419 -25.8
10, 001
6,818
Shipments
thousands
10, 083
6,509
10, 099
9,632
9,258
8,897 -29.7
10, 256
Northern hemlock:
17, 079
Production
M ft b m
20, 449
15, 359
14, 908
15, 315 +14.6
14, 488
13, 527
Shipments
.
M ft. b. m
18, 614
12, 859
22, 661
19, 951 -19.7
14, 247
16, 020
16. 262
Hardwood Lumber
Walnut lumber:
Production.
M ft. b. m__
2,931
4,532
3,839
4,608
4,649
2,749
4,508
+0.9
Shipments
M ft. b. m__
3,823
3,289
2,863
3,299
3.699
3,570
3,607
-8.8
Stocks, end of month
M ft b m
13, 166
12,640
14, 303
15, 347
12, 625
11, 970
12, 960
+7.3
3,398
New orders
M ft. b. m
2,990
2,635
4,120
3,625
2,627
3,266
+4.0
Unfilled orders, end of month . M ft. b. m._
6,474
6,892
7,000
5,270
4,741
7,563
7,636
+1.6
Walnut logs:
o 2
3,367
Purchased
M ft. log measure..
2,274
3,735
2,951
3,667
2,736
3,711
Made into lumber and
3,724
3,358
2,643 +10.9
veneer
.
M ft. log measure
3,005
3,241
3,217
2,579
2,148
2,684 -12.0
2,773
2,441
Stocks, end of month. _ _ M ft. log measure..
2,253
3,058
1,897
Northern hardwoods:
17, 195
Production
M ft. b. m
24, 961
22, 459
20, 073
30, 885
31, 348
16, 624 -23.4
24, 275
Shipments
M ft b m
24, 413
23, 818
24, 444
27, 469
27, 597
25, 086 -11.6
Lower Michigan hardwoods:
Production
M ft b m
4,882
6,179
5,825
5,502
4,915
Shipments
M ft. b. m
5,734
4,672
5,875
7,349
6,467
Stocks, end of month.
_ _ M ft. b. m_.
28, 467
24, 364
26, 121
17, 880
23,509
20, 915
Gum:
482
Stocks, total, end of month mill. ft. b. m
464
465
469
529
+2.8
475
543
328
Stocks, unsold, end of month.mill. ft. b. m..
328
325
325
396
+0.9
318
410
154
Unfilled orders, end of month.mill. ft. b. m._
144
133
136
150
147
132
+6.9
Oak:
1,004
Stocks, total, end of month., .mill. ft. b. m__
982
918
955
954
+2.2
923
959
Stocks, unsold, end of month.mill. ft. b. m__
802
808
748
785
775
747
800
+0.7
Unfilled orders, end of month.mill. ft. b. m..
195
169
169
181
159
161
+7.7
176
All hardwoods:
334
Production
mill. ft. b. m__
334
296
300
311
263
270
0.0
311
Shipments..
mill. ft. b. m
293
285
296
293
+5.1
278
285
323
New orders
mill ft b m
311
300
293
277
278
289
+7.7
2,772
Stocks, total, end of month mill. ft. b. m
2,638
2,848
2,731
2,681
2,731
2,771
+2.7
2,239
Stocks, unsold, end of month.mill. ft. b. m__
2,015
2,122
2,211
2,164
2,031
2,088
+5.5
Unfilled orders, end of month.mill. ft. b. m._
645
678
617
643
566
+5.1
657
557
Production, 10 species
_
M ft. b. m__ 2, 369, 329 2, 186, 504 2, 171, 397 fi 2, 289, 977 2, 076, 526 2, 206, 862 1, 927, 716
-9.3
Exports, planks, joists, etc
M ft. b. m
163, 427
162, 221 170, 457 -10.2
181, 897
220, 153 211, 952
231, 516
Flooring
Maple flooring:
Production
M ft b m
7,334
5,625
6,450
6,918
7,675
5,418
+6.0
8,413
Shipments
M ft. b. m._
7,239
6,848
6,420
7,883
8,435
7,929 -14.2
9,515
Stocks, end of month
M ft. b. m
22, 230
21, 913
20,480
20,827
22, 554
20, 964
23, 232
+1.7
New orders
M ft b m
6,336
3,822
4,750
6,159
6, 927
7,110 -31.4
8,851
Unfilled orders, end of month.M ft. b. m _ _
7,641
10,106 -14.0
13, 104
10,600
10, 431
8,881
10, 187
Oak flooring:
Production
M ft. b. m_.
41, 353
36, 722
36, 382
37, 638
33, 055
51,529
45, 926
-9.1
Shipments
_M ft. b. m
39, 979
37,002
31,464
41, 558
37, 631
45,020 -16.4
51, 860
Stocks, end of month
M ft. b. in72, 141
74, 013
72, 147
70, 435
70, 198
67, 864
68, 456
+2.8
33,909
New orders
M ft. b. m
34, 479
25, 901
30, 972
37,388
43, 141 +20.7
49, 427
Unfilled orders, end of month.M ft. b. m..
50.832
57, 496
43, 895
35, 937
40, 417
47. 026
47. 099 +12.5
fl
s Revised.
Cumulative through Aug. 31.




CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1928

1929

Perct.
increase
( }
or t
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

3, 788, 585

3, 538, 421

4, 004, 819
4, 041, 897

3, 487, 352 -12.9
3, 487, 304 -13.7

509, 407
132, 652

516, 552 +1.4
95,284 -28.2

6 3, 691, 753
e 3, 992, 800
6 4, 055, 242
-0.3
581, 810
-13.0
427, 357
+6.0

2, 665, 744
27.8
2, 844, 083 -27.5
2, 795, 113 -31.7
699, 007 +20.1
419, 036 -1.9

-7.0
-5.7
-17.8
-20.7
+3.9
-16.0
+5.5
-0.2
-2.6

-6.6

+10.1

355, 577
344, 870
350, 486

340, 036
345, 498
361, 610

-4.4
+0.2
+3.2

917, 713
910, 653

877, 930
909, 144

-4.3
-0.2

800, 345

853, 903

+6.7

+28.5
+14.3

441, 322
460, 249

506, 569 +14.8
493, 710 +7.3

-18.9
-17.0
-31.5

395, 986
374, 491
354, 411

359, 918
367, 052
336, 280

-49.5
-28.8

84, 254
76,626

58, 689 -30.3
73, 194 -4.5

+11.5
-35.5

150, 287
150, 698

137, 028 -8.8
123, 316 -18.2

+69.1
-0.3
+21.6
+29.0
+47.6

26, 394
26, 429

34, 607 +31.1
32, 513 +23. 0

25, 996

32, 187 +23.8

+48.1

22, 107

26, 849 +21.5

+40.9
-20.0

22, 703

26, 547 +16.9

+3.4
-3.2

308, 021
270, 936

281, 754 -8.5
243, 387 -10.2

+2.8
+12.9
+1.7
-12.7
-22.6
-10.8
-2.7
-7.5
-18.6

-9.1
-2.0
-5.1

-8.9
-17.2
+15.8
+5.2
+4.3
+21.1

2,368
2,836 +19.8
+23.7
+6.1
2,420
2,746 +13.5
+10.2
2,495
2,799 +12.2
+4.3
+3.5
+19.8
+7.7 20, 212, 629 19, 268, 749 -4.7
-4.1 1, 726, 603 1, 829, 659 +6.0
-4.4
-8.7
-7.7
-33.2
-24.4

68, 608
72, 567

59,091 -13.9
61, 716 -15.0

70, 611

57, 530 -18.5

-28.0
-30.1
+5.4
-13.3
-14.2

395, 663
417, 459

316, 294 -20.1
330, 923 -20.7

422, 645

317, 032 -25.0

34

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August , 1929, "Survey"

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

September

August

September

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
1929,
from
from
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

Perct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

May

June

July

371, 162
357, 900
217, 204
222, 746
476, 215

322, 987
258, 041
282, 150
261, 271
477, 349

302, 452
340, 978
217, 547
204, 745
315, 566

177, 332
177, 111
206, 382
164, 355
254, 210

216, 004
193. 576
228, 810
225, 779
284, 191

314, 154
344, 643
267, 118
227, 311
344, 094

273, 076
305, 555
238, 399
237, 769
300, 106

+21.8
+9.3
+10.9
+37.4
+11.8

-21.0
-36.6
-4.0
-5.0
-5.3

57, 605
38,713

47, 831
36, 232

53, 748
64, 573

70, 482
77, 568

75, 319
84, 318

65, 947
57, 288

65, 010
58, 576

+6.9
+8.7

+15.9
+43.9

60
49
23

58
20
22

68
36
24

64
30
30

58
31
32

53
30
31

49
31
30

-9.4
+3.3
+8.7

+18.4
0.0
+6.7

43
4.0
89.0

44
11.0
88.0

46
5.0
90.0

53
5.0
97.0

58
6.0
101.0

56
7.0
92.0

65
9.0
101.0

+9.4
+20.0
+4.1

-10.8
-33.3
0.0

15, 652
15, 906
14, 342

13, 169
12, 778
10, 525

15, 567
14,113
12, 149

12, 713
12, 661
7,863

11, 625
11, 698
10, 377

11, 094
10,988
11, 030

9,426
9,257
10, 245

-8.6
-7.6
+32.0

+23.3
+26.4
+1.3

17,222

14, 120

12,308

8,691

5,971

8,024

7,715

-31.3

-22.6

5,185

5,702

7,158

7,201

7,415

7,358

7,309

+3.0

+1.5

220
157

169
181

272
260

174
122

223
287

259
325

244 +28.2
199 +135. 2

244, 782
152, 274
662, 636

202, 426
200, 814
665,881

232, 860
232, 154
674,339

264, 212
360, 050
584, 410

190, 939
314, 904
461, 717

243, 056
262,810
570, 726

177, 982
285,813
409, 110

325, 208
168,036
121, 641
144, 271
15
11.50

308, 257
154, 185
154, 021
163, 126
50
11.00

290, 044
95, 756
118, 834
148, 289
17
10.13

290, 265
110, 904
130, 982
109, 564
56
10.13

10.53

491, 088
206,938
218, 339
221, 625
14
13.50

498, 691
257, 692
167, 078
213, 274
21
12.50

+3.9

-15.8

8,970
10, 059
35, 045
48, 228

9,669
10, 807
31, 234
45,848

12, 153
11, 845
30, 088
37, 947

12, 168
13, 873
26,911
40, 343

9,524
9,569
26,115
39, 708

12, 960
22, 970
65,029
47, 690

9,939
16, 525
54, 583
50, 953

-M.7
-31.0
-3.0
-1.6

-4.2
-42.1
-52.2
-22.1

199, 477
254, 776
488, 079
543, 987

196, 707
246, 071
438. 715
591, 633

244, 351 « 242, 596
271,411 8 268, 639
411,655 8 385, 632
582, 314 « 559, 418

195, 931
237, 788
343, 775
566, 776

217, 305
267, 610
353, 034
477, 593

180, 758
215, 284
318, 508
510, 864

—19.2
-11.5
-10.9
+1.3

+8.4
+10.5
+7.9
+10.9

6,300
6,355
2,437
18, 465

6,247
6,424
2,412
18,092

8 6, 244
«6,459
8 2, 505
18, 301

6,390
6,813
2,690
17,929

6,841
7,403
2,847
12,343

6,621
6,755
2,572
12, 253

13, 313
1,487

10, 798
1,178

11, 756
1,183

8,606
940

7,784
817

12, 058
1, 123

10, 570
1,005

-9.6
-13.1

-26.4
-18.7

113, 707
10, 780

12, 969
5,658
13, 107
10, 561
9,188

17, 578
5,412
13, 757
10,447
14, 968

16, 061
4,263
12, 266
8,854
14,739

8 16, 838
84,684
811,615
8 9, 714
89,925

13, 389
3,960
10, 216
8,614
12, 086

21, 680
8,284
13, 215
14,446
14, 503

17, 267
6,767
11,281
15, 304
14, 455

-20.5
-15.5
-12.0
-11.3
+21.8

-22.5
-41.5
-9.4
-43.7
-16.4

149, 182
51, 763
100, 735

16, 151
76.4
16, 706
29, 624
14,911
1.650

16,803
80.9
18, 949
27, 457
13, 586
1.650

17, 281
80.4
20, 295
24, 525
11,619
1.650

8 18, 585
886.1
823,052
8 20, 056
8 8, 993
1.604

17, 223
81.8
19, 950
17,329
7,039
1.500

18, 759
93.1
21, 970
19, 374
9,357
1.683

17, 884
91.7
20,460
16, 799
7,566
1.650

-7.3
-5.0
-13.5
-13.6
-21.7
-6.5

-3.7
-10.8
-2.5
+3.2
-7.0
-9.1

131, 178

128, 165

-2.3

136, 284

133, 545:

-2.0

16, 421
10,410

18, 022
11, 344

11,969
7,010

10, 220
5,945

16, 889
9, 254

14, 752
9,630

-14.6
-15.2

-30.7
-38.3

124, 500
79, 297

113, 692
75, 146

-8.7
-5.2

15, 552
520
8. 359

16, 445
693
8.494

9,729
442
8.724

22, 469
830
8.584

12, 145
599
9.547

26, 105 +130. 9
1,169 +87.8
9.427
-1.6

-13.9
-29.0
-8.9

119, 513
5,109

115, 729 -3.2
4,112 -19.5

August

1938

1929

LUMBER PEODUCTS-Continued
Doors at Wholesale
Fir, manufacturing plants:
Production
_. _
_
Shipments
Stocks, end of month. .
New orders
Unfllled orders, end of month

number _
number
number
number_.
number..

Wooden Furniture
Household furniture and case goods:
Shipments
dolls., average per firm..
Unfilled orders dolls., average per firm..
Grand Rapids district:
Unfilled orders, end
of month
No. of days' production
New orders .. __No. of days' production. .
Shipments
No. of days' production..
Outstanding accounts,
end of month..
No. of days' sales,.
Cancellations . per cent of new orders
Plant operation
per cent of full time.-

454, 935

534, 924 +17.6

-8.6
+44.2

1,454
1,851

1,823 +25.4
2,141 +15.7

+7.3
+10.2
+12.9

1, 819, 706
1,891,623

Plywood and Veneer
Douglas-fir plywood:
Production
thous. of sq. ft. of surface..
Shipments
thous. of sq. ft. of surface .
New orders (sales) _thous.ofsq.ft.of surface. .
Unfilled orders,
end of month.thous. of sq. ft. of surface..
Stocks, end of
month __
thous. of sq. ft. of surface. _
Rotary-cut veneer:
Receipts
. . number of carloads __
Purchases
number of carloads..
Bushel baskets:
Production
dozens
Shipments
.dozens .
Stocks, end of month
dozens. _

-27.7
-12.5
-21.0

1, 817, 606
1, 744, 713(

-0.1
-7.8

1, 077, 096

-33.7

209, 833
148, 788

105, 326
98, 624

-49.8
-33.7

2, 404, 139
2, 407, 755

2, 255, 320
2, 301, 191

-6.2
-4.4

STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS
Common brick:
Stocks, end of monthBurned
thousands _
Unburned
thousands..
Shipments
thousands .
Unfilled orders, end of month.. thousands. _
Plants closed down
number
Price, red, New York
dolls, per thous..
Porcelain plumbing fixtures:
Net new orders
.pieces
Shipments
.
.
pieces..
Unfilled orders, end of month
pieces..
Stocks, end of month
pieces..
Vitreous china plumbing fixtures:
New orders
pieces..
Shipments
..pieces..
Unfilled orders, end of month
pieces
Stocks, end of month
.
pieces..
Floor and wall tile:
Production
thous. of sq. ft..
Shipments, quantity..
thous. of sq. ft._
Shipments, value
thous. of dolls
Stocks, end of month
thous. of sq. ft._
Terra cotta, new orders:
Quantity.
net tons..
Value
.
thous. of dolls..
Sand-lime brick:
Production
_.
thousands..
Shipments by rail
thousands..
Shipments by trucks
thousands
Stocks end of month
thousands
Unfilled orders, end of month.. thousands..

6 1, 625, 111

« 45, 177
6 45, 823
6 17, 423

6

6

49, 222
« 46, 082
17, 834 i

+9.0
+0.6
+2.4

96, 553
10, 535

-15.1
-2.3

6

122, 403 -18.0
36, 910 -28.7
96, 187 -4.5

Portland Cement
Production
thous. of bbls_.
Operation
per ct. of capacity
Shipments
. _ .thous. of bbls..
Stocks, end of month
thous. of bbls..
Stocks, clinker, end of month.. .thous. of bbls..
Wholesale prices, composite
dolls, per bbl__
Highways
Concrete pavements, new contracts:
23, 704
Total
thous. of sq. yds..
17, 518
Road...
...thous. of sq. yds..
Federal-aid highways:
Completed—
10,309
Cost
thous. of dolls .
335
Distance
miles
7. 900
Under construction, end of month ..miles __
5 Revised.




o Cumulative through Aug. 31.

35

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939
The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

July

PER CENT INCREASE (-{-) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

August

September

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
Septem1929,
from
from
ber
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

August

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1938

1939

Perct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PKODUCTS— Continued
Plate Glass
Production, polished

thous. of sq. ft_.

12, 782

12, 278

13, 057

5 14, 722

2,683
79.1
2, 584
2,657
6,601
9,859

2,561
81.5
2,023
2, 67k
6, 501
9,278

2,396
73.3
2,224
2,507
6,388
8,824

2,715
77.5
1,922
2, 656
6,447
8,079

3,884
46.8
48.1
42.2

3,239
46.3
44.6
45.1

1,818
18.7
40.1
35.3

1.4
5.8

1.6
6.0

14, Oil

12, 159

10, 807

[2,246
74.5
2,942
2,700
5,994
8,072

2,686
80.9
1,909
2,654
6,297
8,467

2,819
36.4
42.9
43.8

3,225
45.3
46.8
49.6

1.5
5.4

1.4
4.7

+29.6

97, 283

2,322
78.7
2,122
2,433
6,173
8,084

-3.3
-17.3
-5.3
-3.9
+53.1 +38.6
+1.7 +11.0
-2.9
-7.0
-0.1 -0.1

21,942

22, 322

21,047
21,887

22,551 +7.1
22, 849 ! +4.4
I

2,985
36.5
44.5
42.5

3,190
43.0
44.2
43.0

+14.4
+24.5
+9.1
+13.2

+1.1
+5.3
+5.9
+15.3

26, 657

28, 450

1.4
4.6

1.8
4.3

1.7
4.3

0.0
-2.1

-17.6
+7.0

-4.8

115, 264 +18.5

Glass Containers
Actual production:
Quantity
elation to capacity
New orders . . .
Shipments
Stock, end of month
Unfilled orders, end of month

gross.,
per cent
._ . .gross..
gross
.gross
gross..

J

+1.7

Illuminating Glassware
Production:
Total .
number of turns
Ratio to capacity
..per ct. of capacity..
New orders _
per ct. of capacity
Shipments
per ct. of capacity..
Unfilled orders, end
of month .
number of weeks' supply..
Stocks, end of mo___number of weeks' supplv..

+6.7

CHEMICALS AND OILS
Chemicals
Sulphur production (quarterly)
long tons..
Sulphuric acid:
Exports
thous. of IDS...
Price, wholesale
dolls, per 100 lbs_.
Nitrate of soda:
Imports
long tons
Production in Chile
metric tons
Potash salts:
Imports, (commercial) .
long tons
Production in France
(K2O content)
metric tons..
Sales in Germany
(K2O content)
metric tons..
Superphosphate, (acid phosphate):
Production
short tons .
Stocks, end of month
short tons..
Shipments
short tons..
Fertilizer:
Exports
_
. long tons
Consumption, Southern States-short tons..
Dyes and dyestuffs, exports:
Vegetable
thous. of Ibs .
Coal tar
thous. of lbs_.
Arsenic
Crude:
Production
short tons..
Stocks, end of month
short tons..
Refined:
Production
short tons..
Stocks, end of month
short tons..
Price index numbers:
Crude drugs
rel. to Aug., 1914..
Essential oils
rel. to Aug., 1914..
Drugs and Pharmaceuticals
rel. to Aug., 1914..
Chemicals
rel. to 1913-14..
Oils and fats
rel. to 1913-14..

8652,735

« 526, 264

287, 306
.78

693,027
.78

506,758
.78

641,492
.78

516, 264
.78

291,035
.78

581, 760
.78

-19.5
0.0

-11.3
0.0

5, 604, 363

5, 040, 588 -10.1

127, 645
276,600

64, 733
252, 600

40, 501
272, 300

51,684
270, 300

31,539
253, 200

75, 318
275, 000

36, 644
259, 400

-39.0
-6.3

-13.9
-2.4

853, 558
2, 301, 700

767, 021 -10.1
2, 406, 300 +4.5

24, 696

9,895

37, 126

45, 505

40, 088

-11.9

37, 242

39, 700

41,000

42,500

97,723

89, 190

95, 372

77,326

114, 655
219, 763

140,090
99,407

123, 515
20,047

112,346
45, 517

155, 103
174,347

202
27

264
21

126
3,180

191
13

422
39

1,888
2,073

2,452
2,161

1,444
1,998

779
3,236

917
3,709

187
193

35, 200

108,696

302, 434 305, 808 344, 460
967, 766 1, 206, 174 1,358,748
55, 459
62,956
86,251

43, 313

140,818

8 1, 014, 282 e 1, 009, 611

-0.5

304, 857 276,811
1,380,278 1,424,169
87,688 154,443

276,462
822, 659
116, 580

57, 327

34,300

•2,546,674 •2,476,096

-2.8

61,507,320 « 1, 505, 151

-0.1

-7.4

282, 410

253, 938 -10.1

• 259, 178

•319,031 +23.1

+56.4
+33.0

963,918
5, 232, 287

237
1,335

157 +120.9 +168.8
1,330 +200. 0

2,381
22, 715

887
1,876

2,086
2,999

1,079
2,978

•11,331

812
3,305

857
3,414

803
1,618

799
1,971

•5,828

•6,959 +19.4

184
190

183
191

179
188

180
168

193
161

193
158

+0.6
-10.6

-6.7
+6.3

163
113
118

163
113
116

173
113
117

177
112
123

177
112
129

164
113
121

164
113
121

0.0
0.0
+4.9

+7.9
-0.9
+6.6

12, 703
751

11,935
677

10, 658
720

11,025
715

421

9,486

8,605
446

-41.1

-5.6

•88,385
6,609

•94,184 +6.6
7,818 +18.3

12, 588
723

11, 772
676

11, 072
716

10,862
821

349

12,840
2,098

13, 355
348

-57.5

+0.3

« 96, 790
8,360

•93,384
7,805

1,867
109
13
4.50

1,755
102

1,259
73

147

4.50

1,206
179
120
4.50

4.50

4.50

7,950
140
1,141
3.88

3,134
183 +101. 4
449
4.00
0.0

+12.5

743, 632
32, 614

676, 193
28, 291

633, 731
28, 688

656, 414
25, 950

17, 581

234, 660
14, 322

227, 513
11, 533

252, 749
21, 863

244, 185
20, 092

103, 575
99, 149 +38.1
62,823 « 131, 120 +283.0

1, 148, 456 +19.1
5,188,188 -0.8

1,802 -24.3
5,698 -74.9

•11,758

+3.8

Wood Chemicals
Acetate of lime:
ProductionUnited States
thous. of Ibs..
Canada .
. thous. of Ibs
ShipmentsUnited States
thous. of Ibs..
Canada
thous. of lbs_.
Stocks, end of monthUnited States
thous. of Ibs..
Canada
thous. of Ibs .
Exports
thous. of lbs_.
Price, wholesale
dolls, per cwt._
Methanol, crude:
ProductionUnited States
gallons..
Canada
.gallons..
Stocks at crude plants, end of monthUnited States
gallons..
Canada
gallons..
Stocks at refineries and in transitUnited States
.. .gallons
Canada
gallons..
Exports
gallons..
5
Revised.




262, 082
65, 965
44,602

277,376 475, 698 526, 172
66, 870
78, 12(1
63, 702
16, 613
95, 755 • 33,849
« Cumulative through Aug. 31.

—3.5
-6.6

-19.7

535,803

495, 555
18, 816

-32.3

-6.6

17, 061

287, 492
37, 933

229, 683
13, 665

-15.1

+24.9

514, 572
65, 505
49,948

160, 156
64, 817
14,000
8

•4,925,248 •5,567,819 +13.0
265, 985
325, 602 +22.4

164, 972
-2.2 +211.9
67,314
+2.8
-2.7
32, 5401 +47.6 +53.5
443, 354
Quarter ending in month indicated.

407, 507

-8.1

36

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued

The cumulativea shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR

1928

1929

DECREASE (— )

May

June

July

August

September

August

September

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
1929,
from
from
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

Perct.
increase
( }
or t
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

1928

1929

« 498, 890
33, 081

« 581, 439 +16.5
40,183 +21.5

4, 290, 945
278, 650

3,933,173 -7.9
358, 800 +28.8

4, 441, 365
191, 256

4, 433, 016 -0.2
272, 130 +42.3

CHEMICALS AND OILS— Continued
Wood Chemicals— Continued
Wood at chemical plants:
ConsumptionUnited States
cords
Canada
_cords
Stocks, end of month—
United States
, cords
Canada
cords .
Daily capacityTotal
__cords._
Shutdown
_
...cords..
Methanol, refined:
Production —
United States
_
gallons..
Canada.
gallons. _
Stocks, end of monthUnited States
gallons
Canada
._ .
gallons.
Shipments —
United States
gallons..
Canada.
.gallons..
Price, wholesale, N. Y
dolls, per gal-Ethyl Alcohol
Production
thous of gals
Withdrawn for denaturization thous. of gals
Warehouse stocks, end of month.thous. of gals..
Explosives
(Black powder, permissible, and other high
explosives)
Production
.thous. of Ibs
Shipments
thous. of lbs_.
New orders
thous. of Ibs
Stocks, end of month
-thous. of Ibs
Naval Stores
Turpentine (gum):
Net receipts, southern ports.
barrels..
Stocks at port, end of month
barrels
Price, southern, New York dolls, per gal
Rosin (gum):
Net receipts, southern ports..
barrels..
Stocks at 3 ports, end of month
barrels
Price, B, New York
dolls, per bbl
Rosin (wood):
Production .
. . . barrels
Stocks, end of month
barrels
Turpentine (wood) :
Production
barrels..
Stocks, end of month
_
barrels
Pine oil:
Production
gallons..
Stocks, end of month
.gallons..
Roofing
Roofing, felt:
Production, dry felt
. tons
Stocks, end of month, dry felt
tons
Fats and Oils
Total vegetable oils and copra:
Exports.
thous. of Ibs. _
Imports
thous. of Ibs. _
Copra, imports
_
short tons..
Copra or coconut oil:
Imports.
thous. of lbs_.
Consumption in
oleomargarine
thous. of Ibs..
Oleomargarine:
Production..
thous. of Ibs..
Consumption
thous. of Ibs. _
Animal glues, shipments
thous. of Ibs.

55, 085

49,444
2,160

72,040

509, 435
73,700

514, 204
73,759

3,264
475

3,264
525

3,482
1,053

3,486
1,083

0.0
+10.5

-6.4
-51.5

259, 118
10,400

454, 160
43, 700

432, 094
27, 800!

436, 811
14, 700

355, 353
38,600

-4.9
-36.4

+21.6
-28.0

759, 740
51, 787

712, 752
31, 185

783> 674
37, 761

729, 932
21, 888

396, 730
26, 715

300, 478
33, 101

-6.9 +142.9
-42.0 -33.9

472, 360
45, 274
58

449, 245
11, 650
.58

365, 438
21, 403
.58

487, 153
22, 188
.58

598, 551

497, 971
22, 076
.48

415, 340
25, 396
.48

+22.9
+43.8
0.0

15, 216
13, 812
12, 341

12, 545
12, 909
11, 860

16, 871
15, 982
11, 166

20, 026
18, 688
11,489

18, 764
16, 128
9,263

18, 613
15, 269
11, 295

37, 235
39, 474
37, 199
17, 989

34, 383
35, 032
34, 202
17, 225

35, 756
36, 811
35, 499
16,964

40, 584
39, 163
39, 580
17, 529

42, 019
42, 299
40, 141

16,895

35, 092
33, 039
32, 268
18, 554

35, 310
37, 465
33, 611
16, 274

+3.5
+8.0
+1.4
-3.6

+19.0
+12.9
+19.4
+3.8

289, 617
291, 655
276,782

329, 527 +13.8
332, 303 +13.9
322, 289 +16.4

43, 722
53, 536
.54

48, 658
57, 728
.52

54, 872
65, 570
.52

49, 436
63, 151
.52

42, 127
65, 770
.55

42, 724
73, 304
.52

34, 312
73, 595
.52

-14.8
+4.1
+5.8

+22.8
-10.6
+5.8

250, 269

291, 798 +16.6

137, 384
120, 665
7.58

154, 168
123, 505
7.88

181, 433
169, 420
8.51

172, 670
205, 955
8.51

140, 212
233, 215
9.01

145, 357
227, 517
9.59

116, 029
230, 672
9.18

-18.8
+13.2
+5.9

+20.8
+1.1
-1.9

841, 152

998, 541 +18.7

37, 708
115, 870

36, 123
113,449

37, 844
104, 492

38, 315
98, 777

36, 905
90, 036

37, 623
114, 074

35, 473
112,964

-3.7
-8.8

+4.0
-20.3

314, 173

331, 323

6,855
4,503

6,505
4,778

6,718
4,628

6,721
4,713

4,344

6, 695

6,274
6,898

6,257
6,027

-0.4
-7.8

+7.0
-27.9

55,000

219, 304
878, 784

215, 153
873, 358

235, 892
882, 037

229, 388
894, 993

222, 112
888, 328

225, 668
822, 813

211, 828
845, 762

-3.2
-0.7

+4.9
+5.0

2, 053, 339

2, 013, 417

31, 402
2,138

29, 981
3,077

28, 188
2,846

26, 665
3,974

23, 997

25, 574
3,356

24, 343
3,427

-10.9
+12.4

-1.4
+30.3

225,591

242, 667

1,816
129, 285
34, 728

1,428
91, 375
23, 828

541
73, 157
21, 693

1, 285
109,091
26, 622

2,632
82, 942
18, 007

1,444
56,364
19, 716

2,222 +104. 8
80, 914 -24.0
20, 754 -32.4

+18.5
+2.5
-13.2

40, 827
538, 669
168, 093

18, 406 -54.9
831, 895 +54.4
232, 007 +38.0

49, 260

32, 571

23, 669

36, 623

36, 952

12, 581

34, 008

+0.9

+8.7

192, 988

310, 664 +61.0

14, 603

12, 029

12, 658

14, 715

16, 075

11,910

14, 452

+9.2

+11.2

113,273

131, 275 +15.9

28, 357
29,008
7,225

24, 276
23, 379
6,246

24, 873
24, 972
6,376

28, 400
25,788
7,231

30, 562
31, 423
« 6, 749

23, 610
24,965
6,780

28, 446
29, 002
6,256

+7.6
+21.9
-6.7

+7.4
+8.3
+7.9

226,390
226, 047
58,630

253, 307 +11.9
250, 457 +10.8
60,456 +3.1

26, 041
63, 274
63, 401

29, 377
51, 438
41, 340

239,538
121, 769
159, 109

920, 318

175,643 5 865, 691 +284.2
74, 116 « 421, 362 +301. 5
123, 499 * 567, 828 +271. 3

+6.3
+16.0
+4.0

1,694,859
2, 139, 984

1,965,412 +16.0
2,701,035 +26.2

21, 552
30, 079

18, 558
19, 094

34, 453
29,232

149, 388
77, 339

126, 787 +333. 6
« 68, 856 +164.6

+17.8
+12.3

687, 646

867,937 +26.2

40, 795
431, 100

27,680
338, 320

24,376
234,922

82, 859
175, 023

21,012 » 61, 637 +239. 9
234,485 5 159, 588 -25.5

+34.4
+9.7

684, 194

838, 182 +22.5

77, 832
3,831

72, 217
3,509

68, 428
3,587

70, 454
3,228

2,041

525, 185
73, 095

530, 111
72, 586

530, 264
72, 126

« 565, 119
72, 026

3,336
337

3,326
361

3,276
468

423, 244
49, 700

423, 811
36, 900

716, 762
43, 474

Cottonseed
Cottonseed:
Receipts at mills
short tons..
22, 007
Consumption (crush) _
short tons
112, 421
100, 634
Stocks at mills, end of month.. .short tons..
Cottonseed oil, crude:
Production
thous of Ibs
39, 688
Stocks, end of month
thous. of lbs._
51,284
Cottonseed oil, refined:
Production
thous. of Ibs
60, 581
Stocks, end of month
thous. of lbs._
512, 118
Price, yellow, prime,
New York
dolls, per lb__
.097
Consumption in
2,518
oleomargarine
thous. of lbs_.
Cottonseed cake and meal:
Production
short tons..
50, 278
Stocks, end of month
short tons
191, 983
6,151
Exports
short tons. _
i Revised.




31,902

.58

4,465

488,946

590, 747

20,913
15, 261

8

.096

.096

.094

.093

.094

.099

2,124

2,051

2,387

2,362

2,062

2,437

28, 423
142, 014
4,777

25,971
80,914
11, 969

56,311
51, 727
12, 837

215,663

-36.8

-5.5
-2.3

+44.1
+25.6
+20.8

« 106, 565
« 95, 038

6

123, 337 +15.7
6 112, 208 +18.1

+5.5

61, 253 +11.4

-1.9

+7.6

-1.1

-6.1

-1.0

-3.1

19, 110

+16.1
+36.4
-1.8

977, 944

1,224,633 +25.2

129. 741

148. 953 +14.8

35, 101 5 185, 728 +283.0
83, 778
18, 715 « 61, 411 +62.0
21, 608
944
22.013 +68.3
6
Cumulative through Aug. 31.

20,788

+8.8

37
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1930
The cumulative* shown are tjirough
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here mag b» found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Surveg"

PER CENT INCREASB (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
Septem1929,
from
from
ber
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JABT. 1
THROUGH SBPT. 80

1

May

June

July

September

August

August

1938

1939

Ftp ct.
increase
( }
or t
decease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

CHEMICALS AND OILS- Continued
Flaxseed
2

Production, crop estimate ._ thous. of bushs
Minneapolis and Duluth:
Receipts
thous. of bushs
Shipments
thous. of bushs
Stocks, end of month
thous. of bushs
Imports
thous. of bushs
Mill receipts at DuluthSuperior
thous. of bushs..
Linseed oil:
Shipments from Minneapolis.thous. of lbs._
Price, New York
dolls, per lb_.
Linseed cake and meal:
Shipments from Minneapolis.thous. of Ibs..
Exports
thous. of Ibs

313
101
578
2,518

492
271
764
2,366

381
340
360
1,293

1,479
567
23
1,020

33

84

42

18, 005
.102

15, 205
.105

14, 381
.120

10, 787
.129

12, 067
32, 501

7,632
30, 065

12, 215
40, 428

94, 060
118, 249

142, 855
103, 315

3

16, 599

4,111
1,655
909
842

1,025
426
310
1,068

18 690

3,812 +178. 0
1,260 +191. 9
615
1,254 -17.5

8,594
5,215

8,130 -5.4
4,186 -19.7

13, 440

+7.8
+31.3
+47.8
-32.9

18, 627 +38.6

6282 -47.2

137

62

14, 789
.155

13, 571
.098

14, 443
.098

+37.1
+20.2

+2.4
+58.2

133, 425

128, 002

15, 683
37, 437

27, 415
29, 770

16, 051
52, 392

26, 257
38, 772

+74.8
-20.5

+4.4
-23.2

187, 157
419, 056

159, 246 -14.9
290, 079 -30.8

190, 911
96, 224

198, 982
156, 620

92, 108
32, 728

114, 523
78, 069

3 578, 133
3
324, 058
3
902, 191
84, 221
73, 322
46, 105
39, 508

6534

-4.1

FOODSTUFFS
Wheat
Visible supply, end of month:
97, 962
United States
thous. of bushs..
142, 168
Canada
thous. of bushs..
Production, crop estimate:
Winter wheat
thous. of bushs..
Spring wheat
thous. of bushs..
Total, wheat
thous. of bushs..
18, 637
Receipts, principal markets. _ .thous. of bushs..
23, 560
Shipments, principal markets -thous. of bushs _.
Exports:
United States—
11, 741
Wheat only
thous. of bushs
15, 941
Including wheat flour -thous. of bushs ._
Canada31, 155
Including wheat flour.thous. of bushs..
Prices:
No. 1, Northern Spring,
1.11
Minneapolis _
dolls, per bush..
No. 2 Red Winter,
1.17
St. Louis
dolls. perbush._
No. 2 Hard Winter,
1.01
Kansas City...
dolls, per bush. .

2
2
2

25, 694
18, 644

94, 158
42, 577

101, 669
60, 983

568, 233
223, 535
791, 768
47, 046
32, 134

4,564
8,814

8,691
13, 575

12, 094
16, 935

13, 104
18, 335

10, 394
14, 588

29, 796

20, 538

13, 050

9,624

1.15

1.43

51.35

1.21

1.39

1.32

1.05

1.25

42, 738
7,998

40, 833
7,029

42, 895
7,247

9,334
10, 680
1,749
742, 133
55
9,847

8,912
9,838
1,548
711, 357
54
8,494

7,600

8,000

10, 084

8,800

933
907

944
935

1,085
782

1,076
643

6.12

6.38

7.69

5.21

5.26

6.31

1,050
15, 571
11, 420
16, 276
6,338
.86

981
13, 932
20, 644
15, 160
6,697
.92

850
9,493
21, 205
15, 644
6,558
1.00

895
5,765
19, 023
13, 643
7,672
1.00

10, 432
10, 063
513
.46
900

8,486
8,114
254
.47
895

10,728

11, 360

12, 145

14, 228

3,264
6,022
1,268

3,338
5,731
2,783

4,849
5,518
4,120

18, 666
9,805
4,624

.65

.64

+4.2 +73.7
+62.8 +100. 6

-53.7
-47.3

-35.8
-18.7

361, 869
218, 115

383, 131 +5.9
242, 475 +11.2

17, 939
22, 528

+8.4
+8.3

-27.0
-18.6

56, 010
93, 943

64, 236 +14.7
109, 946 +17.0

29, 220

30, 928

-26.3

-68.9

230, 914

187, 024 -19.0

1.35

1.19

1.19

0.0

+13.4

1.35

1.88

1.45

+2.3

-6.9

1.23

1.24

1.06

1.07

+0.8

+15.9

5 50, 725
7,178

47, 578

47, 657
7,330

48, 014
8,554

-6.2

-0.9

381, 024
6 55, 063

6

9,337 s 11, 058
12, 562
10, 449
1,607
1,603
s 882, 931
746, 628
62
55
11, 686
8,365

10, 371

10, 370
s 11, 567
1,590
819, 994
58
5 10, 435

10, 512
11, 197
1,892
820, 934
66
9,077

-6.2

-1.3

7,400

8,500

1,163
492

932
925

7.31

7.17

6.24

6.10
2, 528, 077
693
4,638
19, 532
11, 082
7,913
1.01

1,018
9,985
21, 467
15, 778
5,193
.97

Wheat flour
Grindings of wheat:
United States
thous. of bushs
Canada
thous. of bushs..
Production:
United States, actual
thous. of bbls._
United States, prorated
thous. of bbls._
Canada
thous. of bbls ..
Orain offal production
thous of Ibs
Capacity operated, flour mills
per cent..
Consumption (computed)
thous. of bbls..
Stocks, all positions, end of
month (computed)
_ _ thous. of bbls._
Exports:
United States
thous. of bbls
Canada
..
thous. of bbls
Wholesale prices:
Standard patents, Minn
dolls, per bbl__
, Winter, straights,
Kansas City.
dolls, per bbl._

831, 260
66

-5.9
+6.5

+1.3
0.0

1,020
890

+8.1
-23.5

+14.0
-44.7

6.62

6.59

-1.9

5.65

-2.2

OO R

-19.5
+2.7
-18.8
+3.1
+1.0

+3.7
-34.8
-0.6
-7.3
+21.0
+2.0

-61.9
+11.2
+29.0
+11.4

-3.8
+60.0
-53.2
+14.0

82, 364
80, 798
811,922
6, 687, 588

6

85, 895
6 84, 655
13, 042
6, 832, 682

+4.3
+4.8
+9.4
+2.2

6 72, 090

6 74, 238

+3.0

6

+8.0

2, 835, 678
668
7,114
19, 658
11, 949
6,541
.99

+3.2
+7.7

+8.8

5.66

393, 307
59, 326

8,430
7,484

10, 157 +20.5
7,823 +4.5

Corn
2

Production, crop estimate
thous. of bushs..
Exports including meal
thous. of bushs
Visible supply, end of month.. thous. of bushs..
Receipts, principal markets. --thous. of bushs..
Shipments, prin. markets. __ --thous. of bushs..
Grindings (starch, glucose)
thous. of bushs..
Price, No. 2, Chicago.
—dolls, per bush..

3

17, 618

32, 494 +84.4

248, 091
172, 989
65, 114

198, 924 -19.8
136, 732 -21.0
65, 390 +0.4

118, 379

116, 704

Oats
Production, crop estimate
thous. of bushs
Receipts, principal markets _._thous. of bushs..
Visible supply, end of month, .thous. of bushs..
Exports, including meal
thous. of bushs._
Price, contract grades, Chi... dolls, per bush
Grindings, Canada..
thous. of bushs
Production, oatmeal and rolled
oats, Canada
thous. of Ibs

10, 123 """36," 320
8,129
25, 987
255
837
.48
.44
854
1,101

21,226,573
13, 833
28,809
1,080
.49

3

27, 271
15, 687
2,403
.39
988

1, 448, 677
14, 375
18,004
2,308
.43
1,100

15, 968

16, 499

7,157
e 7, 003
e 89, 793

-1.4

4,964 -30.6
67,200
6

+2.8

91, 247

+1.6

Barley
Production, crop estimate
thous. of bushs
Receipts, principal markets ...thous. of bushs..
Visible supply, end of month.. thous. of bushs
Exports..
thous. of bushs
Price, fair to good, malting,
Chicago
dolls, per bush
2
As of Oct. 1.




2

3

.55
.53
Final es ;imate for L928.

5

313, 368
7,807
9,519
6,209
.69
RevisecI.

3

23, 611
6,313
8,758
.73

356, 667
21, 710
8,084
14, 830
.67

-58.2 ..-64.0
-2.9 +17.8
+34.3 -58.1

71, 848

54, 195 -24.6

33, 822

28, 596 -15.5

+7.8
+3.0
6 Cumula tive thro ugh Aug. 31.

38

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

July

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

1929

August

Septem-

August

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
Septem1929,
from
ber
from
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

Perot,
increase

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

or decrease
1938

cumulative
1929
from
1928

1929

FOODSTUFFS— Continued
Bye

Production, crop estimate
thous of bushs
Receipts, principal markets.. .thous. of bushs..
Visible supply, end of month.. thous. of bushs..
Exports, including flour thous. of bushs..
Price, No. 2, Chicago
dolls, per bush..

2 41, 028

1,464
6, 325
368
.90

870
6,422
295
.89

19, 140

13, 127

18, 907

231, 893

191, 944

125, 737

714, 677
125, 528
1, 311, 568
343, 168
15, 257

650, 414
130, 369
865, 117
261, 377
2,984

515, 342
113, 969
485, 177
231, 401
6,556

880 *
6,447
106
1.05

5, 766
8,015
470
1.03

3, 720;
8,889
1, 220
1.02.

23, 761

27,537

3 41, 676
6,001 -35. 5 -38.0
1,927 +10.9 +361. 3
2,471 +159. 6 -50.6
1.00
-1.0 +2.0

2,636
1,440
709
.98

27,476

-4.1

16, 842

17, 557
9,673

2,911 -69. 9

178, 911 +13.1

Total Grains
Total grain exports, incl. flour.thous. of bushs..

42,805

+15.9

-35.7

158, 204

2 36, 1391
583, 944 1, 387, 795

3
41, 881
338,269 1, 197, 924

+137. 7

+15.9

5, 254, 968

841, 027
506, 895
156, 832
126, 470
506, 953 1, 099, 055
131, 509
221, 314
6,292
5,549

346, 076
777, 583 +65.9
96, 643
147, 464 +24.0
695, 660 1, 108, 564 +116. 8
152, 906 -40.6
126, 668
15, 412 +13.4
6,026

Rice
Production, crop estimate
Southern paddy, receipts at
Shipments:
Total from mills
New Orleans...
Stocks, end of month
Exports
Imports.

thous of bushs
mills
__bbls__
pockets (100 Ibs )
pockets (100 Ibs.)
pockets (100 Ibs )
pockets (100 Ibs )
pockets (100 Ibs )

Other Crops
Apples:
Production, crop estimates
thous. of bushs..
Cold-storage holdings,
end of month..
_. .thous. of bbls_.
Car-lot shipment
carloads. .
Potatoes:
Production, crop estimate thous of bushs
Car-lot shipments
carloads
Onions, car-lot shipments
carloads
Citrus fruits, car-lot shipments. _ _ carloads _
Hay, all tame:
Production, crop estimates thous of tons

3

2 140, 637
I,~668

19, 683
3,366
15, 524

ii'ooi
24, 321
1,700
11, 820

I,~903

19, 359
2,351
8,152

3," 532

1,530
13, 114

2 345, 177
23, 978
16, 871
5,040
2,545
5,684
7,348

464, 483
20, 267
6,009
3,636
3

2 100, 582

-6.2
-27.5

4i,~576

+42.1 +18.3
+98.0 -16.1
-22.6 +56.3

191, 240
25, 875
63, 323

185, 234 -3.1
24, 867 -3.9
108, 949 +72.1

-4.2
-17.2
-24.9
+4.6

15, 463
6,139
2,417
9,166

14, 490 1 -e. a
5,477 -10.8
2,080 -13.9
-3.8
8,822

3, 520, 081
3, 638, 022
10, 237

3, 499, 027 -0.6
3, 644, 307 +0.2
12, 852| +25. 5

1,631
18, 085 "+271.1
3

+8.2 6, 670, 504 6,529,443| -2. 1
+6.4 1, 356, 886 1, 169, 759 -13.8
-0.9|
-14.0 2, 614, 254 2,869,4891 +9.8
182, 485! -35.0
-59.2
280, 683

185, 743

4," 170
15, 538
2,561
4, 254

i
4, 602, 915! -12.4

"*,

44~868

92, 983

Cattle and Beef
Cattle movements, primary markets:
Receipts. .
thousands
Shipments, total
thousands
Shipments, stocker and feeder.thousands..
Local slaughter
thousands
Beef products:
Production, inspected
thous. of lbs_.
Apparent consumption.
thous. of lbs._
Exports
thous. of Ibs..
Cold-storage holdings,
end of month
.
thous. of Ibs
Prices:
Cattle, corn-fed, Chicago.dolls. per 100 Ibs..
Steer rounds, No. 2.
dolls, per lb_.
Western dressed steers, N. Y dolls, per Ib -

+29.9
+28.9
+58.4
+19.2

5 1, 616
«685
267
938

2,099
883
423
1,118

1,829
814
336
1,007

2,191
1, 067
563
1,069

402, 501
406, 700
420,212 « 419, 494
1,457
2,268

419, 281
423, 709
1, 259

398, 056
407, 512
1,419

418, 882
433, 958
647

+3.1 +0.1
+1.0
-2.4
-13.6 +94.6

45, 930

s 48, 014

56, 426

31, 065

37, 223

+17.5 +51.6

14.98
.238
.255

14.69
.238
.251

13. 80
.236
.250

15.11
.244
.260

16.19
-6.1
.259 , -0.8
.284
-0.4

3,257
1,199
38
2,055

«2,930
8 1, 124
38
1,810

3,062
1,123
40
1,923

2,523
1,160
43
1,363

2,600
1,093
55
1,500

+4.5 +17.8
-0.1 +2.7
+5.3 -27.3
+6.2 +28.2

34,013
12, 845
560
21, 141

672, 947
582. 512
100, 556

675, 915
586, 150
604, 320 * 617, 430
96, 298
87, 277

552, 490
615, 899
84, 650

466, 696
550, 185
81, 924

434, 296
588, 472
65, 617

-5.7
+27.2
-0.2 +4.7
-3.0 +29.0

6, 245, 067
5, 380, 033
811, 138

870, 785
687, 295

841, 937
642, 238

814, 354
611, 344

5 719, 400
« 539, 31 5

598,913
445, 419

859, 903
682,015

641, 977
515. 087

141, 989
64, 192

144, 272
67, 252

139, 693
64, 274

121, 894
55, 487

58, 329

92, 401
50, 658

80, 135
46, 158

+5.1 +26.4

183,490

199, 699

203, 010 « 180, 085

153, 494

177, 888

126, 890

-14.8 +21.0

10. 75
.249
.120

10.66
.254
.123

11. 20
.267
.125

10.66
.275
.124

9.96
.267
.122

11.71
.249
.128

12.43
.254
.132

-6.6
-2.9
-1.6

-19.9
+5.1
-7.6

2,169
1,074
217
1,101

1,749
740
226
1,020

2,112
876
231
1,216

2,537
1,384
639
1,155

3,353
1,969
1,027
1,301

2,362
1, 250
564
1,097

3,386
2,161
1,080
1,213

+32.2
+42.3
+60.7
+12.6

-1.0
-8.9
-4.9
+7.3

17, 996
9,054
2,806
8,916

18, 875
9,216
2,976
9,556

+4.9
+1.8
+6.1
+7.2

46, 397
46, 694

42,012
41, 967

46, 804
47, 563

49, 096
5 48, 743

50, 158
49, 593

44. 525
44, 443

49, 237
49, 042

+2.2
+1.7

+1.9
+1.1

381, 81S
385, 676

403, 839
409, 120

+5.8
+6.1

2,461

3,061

2,639

3,159

4,091

1,691

2,113

+29.5

+93.6

5.91
12.78

5.31
12.75

5.55
13.80

5.16
12.88

4.68
12.55

5.72
14.31

1,653
680
292
979

1,444
528
176
901

392, 816
417, 481
1,293

364, 470
388, 426
1,496

57, 315

52, 055

13.44
.230
.231

14.38
' .234
.238

3,375
1,300
57
2,083

3,230
1,149
53
2,081

665. 985
622, 890
98, 080

1, 659
592
173
1,039

__ _.

-14.8
-8.9
-12.0

j

Hogs and Pork
Hog movements, primary markets:
Receipts
thousands
Shipments, total
thousands
Shipments, stocker and feeder, .thousands..
Local si aughter
thousands
Pork products, total:
Production, inspected
thous. of lbs_.
Apparent consumption
thous. of Ibs..
Exports
thous. of lbs._
Cold-storage holdings, end of month:
Total
thous. of Ibs..
Fresh and cured.
thous. of Ibs
Lard (included in pork products) :
Production
_
thous. of Ibs..
Exports
_
thous. of Ibs..
Cold-storage holdings,
end of month
thous. of lbs_.
Prices:
Hogs, heavy, Chicago. dolls, per 100 Ibs..
Hams, smoked, Chicago
dolls, per Ib
Lard, prime contract, N. Y.__dolls. per lb__

-16.7
-17.4

31, 760 | -6. 6
11, 899 -7.4
467 -16. 6
19, 825 -6.2
6, 188, 852
5, 320, 059
875, 208

Pf
-0.$
-1.1
+7.9

-6.7
-13.5
6 1, 217, 426 6 1, 198, 419
595, 106 t
545, 747

-1.6
+9.0

Sheep and Lambs
Sheep movement, primary market:
Receipts
thousands
Shipments, total
thousands..
Shipments, stocker and feeder..thousands_.
Local slaughter
thousands
Lamb and mutton:
Production, inspected— > .. thous. of Ibs
Apparent consumption
thous. of lbs._
Cold-storage holdings,
end of month
thous. of lbs_
Prices:
Sheep, ewes, Chicago
dolls, per 100 Ibs..
Sheep, lambs, Chicago__.dolls. per 100 Ibs..

2 As of Oct. 1.


3 Final estimate for 1928.

14 9
93
-2.6 -11.4
« Cumulative through Aug. 31.
5.50
14.16

39
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

July

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

August

September

August

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
Septem1929,
from
from
ber
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1928

1929

Per ct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumu
lative
1929
from
1928 '

FOODSTUFFS— Continued
Miscellaneous Meats
Cold-storage holdings, end of mo.thous. of Ibs. .

82, 331

71,491

+43.6

49, 798

-6.6

909, 277
902, 414
Production, inspected
__thous. of lbs__ 1, 105, 108 1. 079, 429 1,125,221 1, 041, 94fi 1, 021, 929
949, 547
731,111
Cold-storage holdings, end mo..-thous. of lbs__ 1,012,892 978, 185 943, 991 s 847, 112 730, 921
Apparent consumption
thous. of Ibs 1, 087, 065 1, 012, 905 1, 072, 095 * 1,085, 667 1, 089, 200 1, 002, 140 1, 071, 472

-1.9
-13.7
+0.3

+13.2 10,146,964 10, 091, 719
+1.7

9, 403, 731

9, 373, 485

81, 132

81, 068

« 76, 539

56, 888

Total Meats
-0.5
-0.3

Poultry
Receipts at 5 markets
thous. of Ibs. _
Cold-storage holdings, end of mo.thous. of lbs._

+6.0

17, 593
41, 643

20, 434
42, 001

22, 548
40, 896

26, 150
5 49, 010

28, 477
61, 969

22, 361
40, 749

23, 859
43, 578

+8.9
+26.4

+19.4
+4*. 2

189, 514

200, 805

28, 631
30, 119

31, 728
40, 451

43, 185
51, 334

43, 903
64, 723

50,270
72, 198

30, 130
66, 170

24, 284
71, 352

+14.5 +107.0
+11.5
+1.2

225,060

294, 578 +30.9

186, 202
90, 775

217, 781
42, 794

367, 842
38, 983

830, 404
53, 100

118, 250

832, 632 1,113,495
121, 152
168,963 +122. 7

thous of Ibs
thous. of Ibs

226, 180
63, 259

181, 359
69, 511

173, 314
68, 104

144, 436
54, 885

117, 431
44, 500

143, 391
55, 339

117, 790
44, 969

-18.7
-18.9

-0.3
-1.0

1, 185, 475
463, 410

1, 282, 259
481, 634

+8.2
+3.9

thous. of Ibs
thous of Ibs
dolls, per Ib

28, 369
203, 760
.44

91, 962
192, 045
.44

151, 621
241, 232
.42

s 168, 952
185, 708
.43

158,504
174, 193
.46

136, 175
189, 164
.47

128, 071
176, 879
.49

-6.2
— 6. 2
+7.0

+23.8
-1.5
-6.1

1, 592, 494

1, 626, 018

+2.1

41, 083
16, 751
40, 639
61, 097
6,183
204
1,692

48, 854
18, 404
38, 625
79, 724
8,608
209
8,403

47, 004
20, 548
36, 607
98, 070
6, 653
285
15, 074

37, 751
18, 605
39, 453
5 106, 009
5,268
138
11, 047

30, 373
15, 289
38, 414
102, 613
4,929
284
16, 954

49, 401
18, 727
36, 541
101. 498
5,597
215
15, 788

418, 154
152, 078
371, 064

302, 038
141, 848
344, 878

-27.8
-6.7
-7.1

53, 777
1,929
68, 866

55, 595
2,078
56, 914

+3.4
+7.7
-17.4

47, 641
.23

62, 737
.23

79, 907
.23

5 86, 558
.23

84, 596
.24

83, 906
.26

2,331

1,813

1,409

1, 151

944

14, 192

13, 810

-2.7

Fish
Total catch, prin. ports
thous. of bbls__
Cold-storage holdings, 15th of mo.thous. of lbs._
Canned salmon:
Shipments, United States
cases
Exports, Canada
_ .cases. .

-30.0

e 2, 683, 493 6 3, 028, 493 +12.9
760, 956 -1.3
770, 735

Butter
Production (factory)
Receipts, 5 markets
Cold-storage holdings, creamery,
end of month
Apparent consumption
Wholesale price, New York
Cheese
Total, all varieties:
Production (factory)
thous. of Ibs
Receipts, 5 markets
thous. of lbs._
Apparent consumption
thous. of lbs__
Cold-storage holdings,end mo-thous. of lbs_.
Imports
thous. of lbs__
Exports, United States
thous. of Ibs
Exports, Canada
thous of Ibs
American whole milk:
Cold-storage holdings,
end of month
thous. of Ibs
Wholesale price, New York. .dolls, per lb._

45, 156 -16.9
-32.7
18, 222 -17.8 -16.1
48, 660
-2.6
-21.1
3 2
98, 339
+4 3
6,744
-26.9
141 +105. 8 +101.4
17, 123 +53.5
-1.0

! -i: 4

81, 833
.27

2 3
+4.3

1,076

939

-18.0

+0.5

9,944
89, 196

8,542
82, 255

15 9
-6.1

* 158
-1.0

+3.4
-11.1

Eggs
Receipts, 5 markets
thous. of cases..
Cold-storage holdings, end of month:
Case
.thous. of cases
Frozen
thous. of Ibs
Milk
Condensed milk:
Total stocks, mfrs., end mo.—
Case goods
thous. of Ibs
Bulk goods
thous. of Ibs
Unsold stocks, mfrs., end mo. —
Case goods
thous. of Ibs
Bulk goods
_
..thous
Exports
thous. of lbs__
Wholesale price, New York.dolls. per case..
Evaporated milk:
Manufacturers' stocks, end of mo. —
Total, case goods
thous. of lbs._
Unsold, case goods
thous. of Ibs
Exports
thous. of Ibs
Wholesale price, New York dolls. per case
Production, condensed and
evaporated milk
thous of Ibs
Powdered milk:
Manufrs.' stocks, end mo
thous. of lbs_.
Exports
thous. of Ibs
Net new orders
thous. of lbs._
Fluid milk:
ReceiptsBoston (includ. cream) ..thous. of qts..
Greater New York
thous. of qts._
ProductionMinneapolis, St. Paul thous. of lbs__
Consumption in manufacture
of oleomargarine
thous. of Ibs. .

6,705
71, 580

8,510
84, 766

8, 962
91, 488

« 8, 547
« 86, 693

7,191
81, 414

22, 193
18, 262

31,459
25, 803

34, 750
29, 890

32, 142
529,217

29, 893
29, 907

30, 542
19, 332

27, 837
17, 604

-7.0
+2.4

+7.4
+69.8

17, 249
6, 644
2,689
6.13

25,140
9,296
3,280
6.13

28, 883
9,221
3,865
6.13

26, 950
s 8, 751
3,366
6.13

24, 237
8,019
3, 116
6.13

24, 159
8, 367
3, 246
6.18

21, 821
6,351
3,405
6.18

-10.1
-8.4
-7.4
0.0

+11.1
+26.3
-8.5
-0.8

29, 866

31, 387

+5.1

160, 426
116, 144
5,917
4.30

222, 956
173, 684
7,121
4.30

281, 137 « 272, 427
186, 717
215, 878
4,609
5,929
4.30
4.30

249, 936
192, 761
3,703
4.21

161, 679
101, 819
6,343
4.45

165, 682
134, 259
5,583
4.58

-8.3
+3.2
-19.7
-2.1

+50.9
+43.6
-33.7
-8.1

60, 430

53, 637

-11.2

257, 343

290, 350

261, 989

180, 084

136, 738

160, 360

140, 388

-24.1

-2.6

1,591,129

1,702,554

+7.0

22, 802
396
7,358

31, 103
488
8,228

33, 921
400
7,786

« 33, 491
250
5 8, 069

30, 248
329
7,780

19, 941
526
6,736

18, 857
322
5,662

-9.7
+31.6
-3.6

+60.4
+2.2
+37.4

19, 381
118, 227

19, 920
122, 902

20, 114
119, 886

19, 115
114, 768

19, 081
117, 162

17, 329
113, 552

35, 435

36, 949

32, 021

25,737

21,974

24, 413

21, 572

-14.6

7,514

6,487

7,045

8,144

8,824

7,014

8,530

+8.3

112, 546
338, 905
450, 035
875, 942

156, 633
359, 393
445, 904
864, 589

90, 922
410, 479
504, 207
830, 508

120, 481
292, 699
322, 716
873, 286

107, 202
274, 366
471, 175
488, 161

89,047
315, 722
417, 983
465, 386

81, 088
50, 753
6,341

93, 673
42, 889
11, 631

89, 294
47, 419
8,579

47, 447
49, 631
5,705

82, 773
34, 049
11, 329

66, 428
26, 725
7,413

Sugar
Raw:
Imports—
From Hawaii, Porto Rico.. .long tons.. 134, 891
From foreign countries
long tons.. 458, 183
Meltings, 8 ports
long tons
409, 503
Stocks at refineries, end month. long tons.. 911 055
Refined:
Shipments, 2 ports.
long tons..
73, 898
Stocks, 2 ports
long tons
47, 158
Exports, including maple
long tons..
8,538
8

Revised.



6

2,838
53, 141

3,657 +28.9
61, 769 +16.2

+1.7
+0.6

e 144, 688
8 910, 635

8 147, 166
e 916, 195

+1.9

247,628

269,737

+8.9

+3.4

66,789

69,865

+4.6

+32.5
-28.7
-36.0
+5.2

+35.3
-7.3
-22.8
+87.6

1, 182, 152
2, 761, 962
3, 600, 481

1, 053, 864 -10.9
3, 766, 314 +36.4
3, 854, 402 +7.1

-46.9
+4.7
-33.5

-28.6
+85.7
-23.0

559, 008

659, 901 +18.0

Cumulative through August 31

76, 824

78, 405

+2.1

40

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939

The cumulative* shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 198
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECRIA«E (— )

1928

August

July

September

August

Sepember,
1929,
September
from
August,
1929

Perct.
increase
( }
or t
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPt. 30

September,
1929,
from
September,
1928

1938

1939

FOODSTUFFS— Continued
Sugar— Continued
Prices:
0.035
0.036
Wholesale, 96° centrif., N. Y.dolls. per lb._
.049
.049
Wholesale, granulated, N. Y dolls, per Ib
.056
.056
Retail, granulated, N. Y
dolls, per Ib..
116
116|
Retail average, 51 cities relative to 1913_.
Cuban movement (raw) :
440, 821
196, 995
Receipts at Cuban ports
long tons
510, 217
356, 616
Exports
long tons
Stocks end of month
long tons 1, 439, 050 1, 298, 387

0.038
.052
.057
116

0.038
.054
.060
120

0.040'
.053
.061-

m

0.041
.055
.063
129

0.042
.056
.063
127

+5.3
-1.9
+1.7
+1.7

-4.8
-5.4
-3.2
-3.9

153, 925
428, 066
978, 543

211, 090
464, 310
739, 068

120, 530
349, 972
503, 592

182, 414
348, 808
829, 437

168, 638
370, 339
630, 548

—42.9
—24.6
-31.9

-28.5
-5.5
-20.1

3, 599, 087
3, 106, 407

4, 592, 954 +27.6
4, 058, 553 +30.7
I

Candy
Sales by manufacturers

thous of dolls

27,047

22, 774

17, 962

26, 174

34, 779

Coffee
Imports
Visible supply:
World
United States
Receipts, total, Brazil
Clearances:
Total, Brazil, for world
Total, Brazil, for U. S
Price Rio No 7 Brazil grades

thous. of bags..

860

817

864

875

925

925

1,655

+5.7

-44.1

thous of bags
thous of bags
thous. of bags_.

5,335
683
1,079

5,352
700
1,069

5,448
760
1,056

5,269
685
1,191

5, 227;
689
1,266

5,515
793
1,181

5,378
702
1,040

-0.8
+0.6
+6.3

-2.8
-1.9
+21.7

thous. of bags..
thous. of bags..
dolls, per Ib

971
503
.171

1,020
488
.168

1,267
634
.163

1,242
655
.161

1, 234
642
.158'

1,057
548
.173

997
570
.173

-0.6
-1.9
-1.9

+23.8
+12.6
-8.7

Tea
Imports
thous. of Ibs
Price, Formosa, fine, New York-.dolls. per lb_.

4,769
.330

6,029
.325

6,734
.310

7,019
.310

8, 737
.310

8,086
.325

9,754
.325

+24.5
0.0

10.4
-4.6

60, 790

12, 464
15, 394
.1031

9,889
14, 486
.1069

7,224
18, 862
.1069

5,238
15, 922
.1081

4,459
10,481
.1100

4,011
13, 461
.1213

3,724
-14.9
-34.2
6,388
. 1163 +1.8

+19.7
+64.1
-5.4

172, 575
143, 048

9.5

9,338

8,449

10, 641

10, 242

-3.7

10, 171
5,415

10, 235
5,296

+0.6
-2.2

61, 051

+0.4

Cocoa
Shipments from the Gold and
Nigerian Coasts, Africa
Imports
Spot price Accra New York

long tons .
long tons _
dolls

192, 196 +11.4
173, 357 +21.2

TOBACCO
3 1, 378, 139
21,472,525
Production crop estimate
thous of Ibs
Consumption (tax -paid withdrawals):
598, 583
601, 877
572, 413
591, 738
586, 267
556, 746
589, 282
Large cigars
thousands
Small cigarettes
thousands . 11, 168, 407 10, 839, 673 10, 724, 403 10, 930, 629 10, 350, 544 10, 627, 344 9, 126, 271
32, 353
34, 470
34, 981
31, 789
32, 260
33,360
Manufac. tobacco and snufL.thous. of lbs_.
32, 694
Exports:
28,588
57, 509
32, 753
41, 343
55, 965
26, 833
Unmanufactured
thous. of Ibs
26, 266
860, 791
961, 827
Cigarettes
thousands . 703, 045 784, 160 504, 565 659, 187 558, 249
48
133, 718
70, 579
441
Sales of loose-leaf, warehouses
thous. of Ibs..
8.722
7.871
11. 692
...
11. 580
Price, leaf, Kentucky
dolls, per 100 Ibs _

-1.1
-5.3
-6.4
+35.4
-15.3

+0.9 4, 687, 910 4, 816, 171 +2.7
+13. 4 79, 942, 901 90, 534, 149 +13.2
290, 993 -0.8
+1.5
293, 264
348, 598
8, 525, 491

-2.9
-42.0

349, 729
6, 751, 583

+0.3
-20.8

21,595
10, 109
6,075
61, 670
2,275
e 950, 577
6 21, 567
5, 206, 151
5, 974, 108
1, 031, 459

23, 546
11,011
6,192
73, 975
2,053
1, 535, 727
6 23, 122
3, 650, 462
4, 388, 198 i
978, 509

+9.0
+8.9
+1.9
+20.0
-9.8
+66.9
+7.2
-61.9
-22.5
-5.1

|

TRANSPORTATION
River and Canal Cargo Traffic
Panama Canal:
2,424
2,681
2,433
2,537
Total cargo traffic
thous. of long tons..
2,598
1,194
1,311
In American vessels _ _ -thous. of long tons.
1,186
1,335
1,206
591
639
667
In British vessels . thous. of long tons..
583
600
13, 358
14, 076
14, 085
13, 930
14, 120
Sault Ste. Marie canals thous. of short tons..
389
387
380
393
444
New York State canals... thous. of short tons..
Cape Cod Canal
._ short tons.. 201, 444 161, 143 175, 179 206, 188 199, 955
2,590
2,762
3,093
Suez Canal
thous. of met tons _
2,745
Welland Canal
short tons.. 775, 786 760, 431 628,041 612, 943 574, 241
St. Lawrence Canal
short tons _ 878, 458 927, 933 781, 310 809, 323 775, 772
91, 000
85,000
94, 141
Mississippi River Govt. barges
short tons.. 123, 851 103, 934
Ohio River, Pittsburgh, Pa., to
Wheeling, W. Va
short tons . 1, 070, 125 1, 056, 795 1, 088, 912 1, 080, 996 1, 144, 682
364, 309
345, 995
328, 289
330, 123
Allegheny River
short tons
396, 514
Monongahela River
short tons . 2, 450, 876 2, 460, 644 2, 396, 993 2, 500, 617 2, 374, 949
Ohio River, tonnage originating (quarterly) :
8
83,287
3, 070
Pittsburgh district
thous of short tons
« 1,862
8 1, 348
Huntington district thous. of short tons
8179
8 133
Cincinnati district
thous. of short tons
8
81,251
1, 869
Louisville district
thous of short tons
86,579
86,426
Total
thous. of short tons

2,313
2,425
1,140
1,103
602
707
13, 680
12, 812
411
517
148, 691
130, 566
2,634
2,602
1, 115, 601
996, 833
1, 359, 561 1, 150, 058
148, 377
113, 903

-9.3
-8.9
-6.1
-5.2
+2.4
-3.0

+5.2
+4.7
-0.3
+4.3
-5.4
+53.1

-6.3
-4.1
+7.1

-42.4
-32.5
-38.7

1, 034, 775
963, 766
288, 629
346, 670
2, 304, 619 2, 305, 681

+5.9
+10.4
-5.0

+18.8 7, 458, 861 8, 263, 071 +10.8
+26.2 2, 031, 547 2, 354, 457 ! +15.9
+3.0 19, 283, 211 21, 253, 650 +10.2

82,932
8
1,423
8
139
8
1, 178
8
5,673

+7.1
+38.1
+34.6
-33.1
+2.5

+12.1
+30.9
+28.8
+6.2
+16.0

8,377
3,173
5, 204

7,365
2,912
4,453

-10.3
-12.0
-9.3

+2.6
-2.7
+6.1

Ocean Traffic
Clearances, vessels in foreign trade:
Total
_
_ .thous. of net tons..
American
thous. of net tons _
Foreign
thous. of net tons..

7,277
2,851
4,425

7,664
2,985
4,679

8,099
3,176
4,923

8,428
3,219
5,208 '

7,559
2,833
4,726

58, 206
22, 552
35, 654

62,413
23,806
38, 606

+7.2
+5.6
+8.3

27, 833
24,483

6120,158
6166,258

6143,806
673,502

+19.7
+10.9

242

6 1, 919

61,584

-17.5

Shipbuilding
Completed during month:
9,775
37, 616
Total
gross tons
3,804
14, 379
Steel seagoing
gross tons..
Building or under contract, end of month:
268
170
Merchant vessels
thous. of gross tons..
World construction
8 2, 838
(quarterly)
thous. of gross tons
World launchings
8711
(quarterly)..
thous. of gross tons..
3 Final estimate for 1928.
2 As of Oct. 1.



21, 585
15, 708

32,289
21, 497

12, 537
2,245

160

215

23£

82,521
8811

6 Cumulative through Aug. 31.

8

Quarter ending in month indicated

41

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

June

May

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

August

July

September

August

SepSeptember, ;ember,
1929,
Septem- 1929,
from
from
ber
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

TRANSPORTATION— Continued
Freight Cars
Surplus (daily av. last week of month) :
201, 864
Total
cars.. 222, 626 217,657 197, 923 158, 112 118, 523
103, 906
109, 924
87, 985
116, 657
96, 577
114, 355
Box
cars
72, 612
53, 170
55, 150
58, 485
64, 156
31, 021
47, 615
Coal
.
cars..
12, 117
21, 809
Shortage (daily av. last week of month):
75
18
3
12
8
Total
cars
127
279
Box
cars
11
18
8
Coal
cars
112
159
Car loadings:
Total
cars 4, 205, 709 5, 260, 571 4, 153, 220 5, 590, 853 4, 538, 575 5, 348, 407 54, 470, 541
152, 544
215, 606
Grain and grain products
.
_cars__
315, 570
288, 572 5 238, 470
246, 696
199, 367
105, 838
116, 744
91, 969
121, 285
Livestock
cars. _
123, 644
126, 780 5 136, 923
842, 553
644, 715
690, 020
874, 369 5 764, 880
916, 215
811, 081
Coal and coke
cars
Forest products..
_
_cars__ 277, 316 347, 917 245, 036 343, 449 251, 726
332, 061 s 254, 527
283, 805
304, 962
379, 813
378, 560
Ore
cars
321, 700 * 250, 969
274, 599
Merchandise and 1. c. 1
.cars.. 1, 053, 688 1, 273, 002 996, 357 1, 307, 417 1, 048, 579 1, 290, 844 5 1, 034, 957
Miscellaneous
cars 1, 642, 498 2, 084, 936 1, 623, 485 2, 208, 357 1, 829, 579 2, 114, 081 51,789,815
Railroad Operations
Operating revenue:
Freight
.. thous. of dolls ..
Passenger..
thous. of dolls..
Total operating
thous. of dolls
Operating expenses
thous. of dolls. .
Net operating income
__ -thous. of dolls..
Freight carried
mills ton-miles
Railway Equipment
Locomotives (Am. Ry. Assn.):
Owned, end of monthQuantity
number-Tractive power
mills, of lbs__
In bad order, end of monthQuantity
number. .
Per cent of total in use.
per cent
Installed
number-Retired
number
New orders . _
number
Shipments, manufacturers' (Census)—
Total
.number. .
Steam, domestic
number
Electric, domestic
_ number __
Unfilled orders (railroads), end of mo. —
From manufacturers..
number __
In railroad shops
.number . _
Unfilled orders, manufacturers' (Census) —
Total
number. _
Steam, domestic
number
Electric, domestic . _
number
Exports, steam
_
number..
Freight cars (Am. Ry. Assn.) :
Owned, end of monthQuantity
thous. of cars_.
Capacity
mills, of lbs._
In bad order, end of monthQuantity
cars
Per cent of total in use
per cent
New orders
cars..
ShipmentsTotal
cars
Domestic
cars _
Unfilled orders (railroads)—
Total
cars
From manufacturers
cars
In railroad shops
...cars..
Passengers cars:
New orders
cars
Shipments—
Total.cars
Domestic
cars
Passenger Travel
National parks:
Visitors __ ..
number
Automobiles entered
number..
Arrivals from abroad:
Immigrants
number
United States citizens
numberDepartures abroad:
Emigrants
number
United States citizens
number. .
Passports issued
number
Pullman company operations:
Revenue
thous. of dolls
Passengers carried
.
thousands
Trend of business in hotels:
Room occupancy
per ct. of capacity _.
Average sale per occupied room dollars..

412, 018

5421,771

-25.0
-17.5
-60.9

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1928

1929

Perct.
increase
( }
or t
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

+14.1

+36.6
-44.4

—54.5
—29.6
-18.8
-36.8
+1.9
-11.5
-26.7
-27.5
-19.8
-17.2

+1.5 38, 224, 762 39, 879, 586 +4.3
-16.4 1, 841, 716 1, 857, 127 +0.8
-9.7 1, 093, 830 1,011,161 -7.6
+6.0 6, 659, 878 7, 163, 818 +7.6
-1.1 2, 529, 162 2, 539, 420 +0.4
+9.4 1, 465, 063 1, 862, 174 +27.1
+1.3 9, 862, 727 9, 929, 971 +0.7
+2.2 14, 772, 386 15, 515, 915 +5.0

103, 616
43, 027

390, 360
79, 329
531, 743
381, 596
105, 961
40, 725

416, 405
79, 551
557, 568
389, 262
122, 783
41, 991

446, 001
84, 267
586, 563
395, 686
152, 232

58, 052

57, 876

57, 635
2,541

557,477

57, 356

2,540

59, 769

5 2, 540

59,600
2,582

-0.2
0.0

-3.8
-1.6

7,954

+7.9
+8.9
-17.0
-19.0
+89.1

+36.6

68,896

537, 748

390,977

2,549

2,546

7,453

5 85, 187
5 558, 751
* 384, 528
8 138, 728

44,944

542,425

2,585

423, 347

80,098

556, 044
375, 646
134, 513
43, 778

13.4
177
269
50

13.0
158
297
181

7,681
13.4
120
369
36

7,106
12.4
153
306
46

7,668
13.5
127
248
87

13.4
114
320
70

7,815
13.2
93
260
8

99
92
2

78
58
1

69
39
3

129
117
6

75
60
7

34
23
4

41
28
2

-41.9
+82.9
-48.7 +114. 3
+16.7 +250. 0

265
59

334
55

365
45

370
25

329
25

81
19

98
15

-11.1 +235. 7
0.0 +66.7

444
362
22
14

552
489
21
14

539
490
18
32

436
392
13
30

429
347
55
20

204
135
26
20

2,267

7,803

2,267

2,266

2,266

2,299

-1.9
+2.3
249

-4.6

178
-1.6 +141. 0
118 —11 5 +194 1
27 +323. 1 +103. 7
33 -33.3 -39.4

2,296

1,211 +11.3
2,554 +12.6
696 +179. 5

435
285
87

592 +36.1
480 +68.4
32 -63.2

166

173

1,088

2,269

+4.2

208, 867

209, 095

5 2, 268
5 208, 897

208, 999

-0.1

208, 850

210, 483

210, 335

-1.3
—0 6

144, 634
6.5

142, 064
6.4

137, 495
6.2
442

134, 253
6.0

132, 611
6.0

4,257

149, 252
6.6
767

148, 333
6.6
1,236

+64.7 +244. 4

-1.2
0.0

-10.6
-9.1
24, 636

66,413 +169. 6

8,459
8,350

6,517
6,514

7,109

7,811

7,614

5,295

-2.5 +136. 5
-5.2 +141.3

33, 650

5,261

3,220
3,000

49, 585 +47.4

39, 843
33, 588

39, 173
34, 145

36, 014
31, 590

6,619

4,424

27,289
4,382

8,177

-7.4 +342. 9
-6.4
-14. 1 +37.3

131

176

97

149

1,704

1,105 -35.2

48
44

94
82

64
53

76
64

102, 207
21, 190

273, 059
59, 412

593, 324
131, 511

523, 623
112, 574

25, 711
27, 169

22, 490
28, 119

20, 068
37, 636

22, 778
70, 783

4,985

4,881
42, 846
29, 508

5,086

31, 505
38, 175

56, 339
18, 115

5,571
70, 551
11, 295

2,590

6,471

7,763
3,000

7,230
2,939

7, 927

71
3.88

66
3.97

63
3.94

65
4.13

71.0

71.2

71.8

8,364

6,255

Warehouses
Public merchandise warehouses,
space occupied
per ct. of total..
71.0

«Revised.


5,869

5,028

6,963

2,585

7,633
31, 671

7,239
29, 317
25, 554

3,763

5,673
2,504

3,878
2,741

32,763

47,000 +43.5

589

2

496
77

147
144

146
143

+26.3
+20.3

-32.9
-46.2

817
747

220, 766
49, 102

499, 633
98, 523

222, 698
44, 873

-57.8
-56.4

-0.9
+9.4

1, 910, 400
327, 660

1, 939, 910 +1.5
411, 055 +25.5

24, 629
63, 191

29, 317
80, 233

6 187, 901
6 270, 426

6 174, 817
6 290, 036

« 47, 214
« 327, 671
163, 319

6 35, 183 -25.5
6 315, 645 -3.7
171, 690 +5.1

6,488

8,093

50, 323

9,135

42, 105

9,866

7,593

3,287

3,312
69
4.02

8,056

-19.1

+13.4

7,297

« 54, 619
« 22, 881

3,081

63
4.09

68
3.98

67.9

+6.2
-2.7

66.1

« Cumulative through Aug. 31.

+1.5
+1.0

752
684

« 55, 872
6 22, 515

-8.0
-8.4

-7.0
+7.3

+2.3
-1.6

42
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939
The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August , 1929, "Survey'*

May

June

July

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

August

Septem-

August

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
1929, from
September
from
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

Per ct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1928

1929

PUBLIC UTILITIES
Telephone companies:
Operating revenues _
thous of dolls
Operating income
thous of dolls
Telegraph companies:
Commercial telegraph tolls, thous. of dolls __
Operating revenues
thous. of dolls
Operating income
thous. of dolls
Gas and electric companies:
Gross earnings
ithous. of dolls
Net earnings
thous of dolls
Electric railways (212 companies) :
Passengers carried
thous. of persons .
Average fare
cents

76, 158
18, 355

74, 622
18, 194

75, 141
15, 905

75, 898
17, 601

68, 784
15, 985

68, 432
16, 496

8 540, 570
e 132, 545

6 597, 370 +10.5
8 143, 193 +8.0

11, 853
15, 016
1,749

11, 396
14, 446
1,516

11, 679
14, 843
1,528

12, 067
15, 316
1,688

11, 530
14, 328
1,887

11, 010
13,911
1,918

6 85, 864
6 107, 348
« 13, 658

« 91, 632
6116,069
e 13, 186

189, 750
82, 500

183, 000
79, 000

178, 000
71, 000

179, 500
73, 000

173, 952
61, 810

179, 346
68, 236

792, 894
8.221

744, 310
8.228

722, 289
8.244

724, 812
8,260

736, 223
8.121

717, 810
8.121

8,084
3,483
4,601

7,768
3,066
4,702

• 8, 014
• 3. 055
« 4, 959

8,259
2,840
5,419

7,510
3,036
4,474

7,276
2,788
4,488

»60,987
6 23, 487
« 33, 500

8 63, 665 +4.4
6 24, 028 +2.3
6 39, 649 +18.4

378
7,706

362
7,406

368
« 7, 646

390
7,869

382
7,128

355
6,927

« 3, 516
« 53, 512

« 3, 075 -12.5
6 60, 590 +13.2

1, 457
1,432
112
165, 600

1,377
1,360
119
162, 300

1,411
1,393
129
159, 300

1,444
1,425
131

1,314
1,298
146
148, 200

• 1, 280
« 1, 262
130
156, 100

e 10, 308
6 10, 174
e 1, 043

« 11, 422 +10.8
• 11, 223 +10.3
6954 -8.5

136.9
123.3
148.9
130.4
128.1
144.7

135.2
123.5
142.0
129.5
128. 4
134.2

129.0
113.4
141.3
120.5
114.7
129.4

128.2
108.7
135.5
127.9
132.7
127.0

135.8
118.2
140.6
138.0
126.3
143.1

120.8
102.2
132.4
118.3
112.8
127.5

134.5
115.3
149.7
136.0
127.5
150.8

4-5.9
+8.7
+3.8
+7.9
-4.8
+12.7

+1.0
+2.5
-6.1
+1.5
-0.9
-5.1

136.9

135.2

129.0

128.2

135.8

120.8

134.5

133.8

127.0

125.0

139.9

119.2

132.0

+5.9
+11.9

+1.0

129.2
122.6

121.8

129.9

132.2

141.2

128.3

142.0

172.2
144.2
154.8

154.3
143.4
147.9

144.4
144.4
144.2

150.9
134.6
140.7

152.3
147.4
149.2

125.4
125.8
125.5

141.2
144.2
143.0

704, 818
8,260

+6.7
+8.1
-3.5

6 1, 459, 378 6 1, 512, 250 +3.6
6 554, 432 8 651, 500 +17.5

-2.8
0.0

-1.8
+1.7

6, 917, 365

6, 824, 911

-1.3

ELECTRIC POWER
Electric power production:
Total
mills, of kw. hours. .
By water power
mills, of kw. hours..
By fuels
mills, of kw. hours. .
In street railways,
manfg. plants, etc mills, of kw. hours..
In central stations
mills, of kw. hours. .
Electric power production (Canada):
Total
mills, of kw hours
By water power
mills, of kw. hours..
Exported
_
mills of kw. hours
Electric power, gross revenue. —thous. of dolls..
Consumption of electrical energy:
By geographic divisionsUnited States
rel to 1923-25
New England
rel. to 1923-25
North Central
rel. to 1923-25 .
Middle Atlantic
rel to 1923-25
Southern
rel. to 1923-25 _
Western
rel to 1923-25
By industryAll industry
rel to 1923-25
Chemical and allied
products
rel to 1923-25
Food and kindred
products
rel. to 1923-25 .
Rolling mills and steel
plants
rel. to 1923-25
Metal working plants rel to 1923-25
Metal groups
.
rel. to 1923-24
Leather and its
products
rel. to 1923-25
Lumber and its
products
rel. to 1923-25
Paper and pulp... . rel. to 1923-25
Rubber and its
£> • '
products.—
rel. to 1923-25
Shipbuilding
rel to 1923-25
Stone, clay, and glass.. _rel. to 1923-25. .
Textiles
rel. to 1923-25
Automobiles, including
repair parts
rel to 1923-25

+6.8
+0.9
+9.5
+6.0

+6.0
-0.6
+7.9
+2.2
+4.3

+3.1 -1.4
+8.9 +0.1
+2.8 -3.8
+11. 2 -11.6
+19.3 +58.9
+5.1 +9.0
+5.0 +2.7
-3.4 -14.2

95.2

98.7

82.0

102.2

105.4

94.7

106.9

111.1
129.9

113.8
137.3

103.2
122.3

102.3
123.6

111.4
127.0

111.6
129.1

111.3
132.0

157.6
135.2
143.5
129.9

158.1
106.9
170.3
123.0

136. 7
107.7
154.7
113.4

120.2
96.3
157.7
110.0

133.7
114.9
165.7
115.5

138.4
67.3
135.3
97.3

151.2
72.3
152.0
112.5

161.8

154.0

139.5

143.0

138.1

143.2

161.0

77.2
87.6
101
86
78
93.9
130.8
104.1
98.2
116
123.9
43,814
484, 637
36, 795

77.0
87.3
102
86
81
93.0
129.7
103.4
100.3
116
124.2
43, 761
483, 142
34, 984

77.8
87.7
103
87
84
93.0
133.2
105.1
99 2
116
125.0
43, 736
485, 330
38, 978

79.8
89.3
104
88
85
94.2
133.4

74.2
82.5
91
81
74
88.1
124.0
96.3
97.9
106
113.8
37, 385
456, 303
31, 137

75.6
84.3
94
81
77
89.0
124.0
97.7
97.1
109
114.5
38, 077
466, 357
30, 812

+2.6 +5.6
+1.8 +5.9
+1.0 +10.6
+1.1 +8.6
+1.2 +10.4
+1.3 +5.8
+0.2 +7.6

14, 549
1,005
107. 0
96.5
114
93
86
107. 5

14, 398
965
100.2
95.5
111
88
84
102.7

14, 599
1,074
105.3
96.8
115
93
90
106.0

15,063
1,015

13, 411
877
108.7
. 89.0
99
83
76
96.3

13, 862
865
106.5
92.0
102
83
77

+3.2 +8.7
-5.5 +17.3
+3.2 +8.6
+0.9 +13.7
-2.2 +9.6
-2.2 +14.3

« 122. 2
» 132. 9

124.7
139.6

127.8
141.3

126.8
136.5

119.3
139.4

119.1
135.0

-0.8
-3.4

91.0
97.1

91.0
97.0

91.0
96.5

90.0

91.0
97.6

90.0
97.8

—1.1

95.4
71.0

85.6
56.

93.6
68.9

EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES
Employment in factories:
78.8
Massachusetts
rel to 1919-23
New York State
rel to 1923
87.5
New Jersey..
rel. to 1923
101
Pennsylvania .
rel to 1923
85
Delaware
rel. to 1923..
79
Maryland
_
rel to 1924
91.6
Iowa.
rel to 1923
127.6
Illinois
.
rel. to 1925-27
103.7
Wisconsin
rel to 1923
99.1
Ohio...
rel to 1923
115
Cleveland...
rel. to Jan., 1921..
124.0
Milwaukee
number
44, 067
New York State _._
number
484, 464
Oklahoma.
number
34, 686
Total pay roll:
New York State (weekly). .thous. of dolls..
14, 549
Oklahoma (weekly)
thous of dolls
1,039
Wisconsin
_
rel. to 1923..
110.1
New York State
rel . to 1923
96.5
New Jersey
....rel. to 2923..
114
Pennsylvania
_
rel. to 1923
94 1
Delaware... .
rel to 1923
88 |
Illinois
rel. to 1925-27
105.7 I
Employment,
Canada
rel. to calendar year 1926..
116.2 |
Omo construction.
...rel. to 1923..
122.5
Employment, trade-unions:
United States
per cent of total
89.0
Canada
per cent of total
96.0
Anthracite mines:
Employment
rel. to 1923-25
107.2
Pay roll
_
rel. to 1923-25..
85.4
s Revised.




115
124.0
41, 555
494,311
38, 239

99.9
116
91
88

il

-0.9 +5.5
-0.8 +8.3
-5.0
+9.1
+1.9 +6.0
-1.9 +24.1

105.5
110.9
112.7 +12.7
97.2
83.4
112.5 +21.0
» Cumulative through Aug. 31.

+6.5
+1.1
0.0
-6.4
-25.9

.

43

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939
The curnulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown 1
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

July

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

August

September

August

September

Ii

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
1929,
from
from
SepAugust tember,
1929
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

Perct.

in-

crease

(+)
or de-

crease

(-)

1938

1939

cumulative

1929

from

1928

EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES-Con.
Federal civilian employees,
Washington, D. C., end month number-Average weekly earnings, factories:
Illinois _
--- _ - -. .dollars _ !
New York State
dollars i
Wisconsin
dollars-Oklahoma
dollars !
Massachusetts
rel to 1914 1
New York
rel. to 1914
New Jersev
.. -_rel. to 1923. _
Pennsylvania
rel. to 1923
Delaware
_ _ _-rel. to 1923. _
Illinois
rel. to 1925-27
Wisconsin
rel. to 1923. _
Average weekly earnings (National Industrial
Conference Board):
Grand total (both sexes)
dollars .
Total male
.. -dollars..
Skilled male
dollars
Unskilled male
dollars..
Total women
dollars
Average weekly hours:
Nominal (both sexes)
.hours _
Actual (both sexes)
.hours..
Wages, road labor, by districts:
New England
_
cents per hour..
Middle Atlantic
cents per hour..
South Atlantic
.
cents per hour..
East South Central
cents per hour..
West South Central.
cents per hour..
East North Central
cents per hour _
West North Central
cents per hour..
Mountain
cents per hour
Pacific
cents per hour..
United States, average
cents per hour..
Wage rates, U. S. Steel Corp cents per hour..
Wages, steel sheet workers
per cent of base..
Applicants per 100 jobs, employment agencies:
United States
number
Eastern States
number..
Central States.
number ..
Southern States
number. .
Western States
.
.- number
Illinois
number..
Wisconsin
number-Canada
number..

63, 841

63, 904

63,372

63, 632

63,516

29. 05
30. 03
26. 64
29. 95
232 4
240.6

28.16
29.80
23. 96
27.57
231.0
238.8
• 110
101
102

28.57
30.08
26.51
27.55
234.2
241.0
113
107
105

25.40
30.47

102. 4
111.1

29.46
30.02
26.03
27.31
231.5
240.5
113
108
108
103.8
109.0

100.0

28.54
31.48
33.04
25.59
17.95

28.28
31.16
32.66
25.45
17.86

49.9
49.0

62,010

-0.2

+2.4

28.31
29.72
26.30
28.08
230.9
238.1
110
101
101
99.8
109.7

-11.1
+1.3

-10.3
+2.5

-3.8
+0.1
+1.3
-0.9
-2.8
-1.9

-5.6
+1.5
+2.6
+1.8
+3.0
+2.0

106.3

29.13
29.39
26.60
28.15
234.4
235.5
109
102
102
99.9
111.0

28.09
31.01
32.52
25.23
17.54

27.94
30.69
32.18
25.09
17.47

27.35
30.30
31.77
24.78
17.04

27.76
30.93
32.42
25.27
17.33

49.7
48.5

49.6
48.8

49.4
48.4

49.6
47.9

49.8
48.2

50
42
30
26
31
40
37
45
53
40
50
»127.0

51
42
29
26
32
38
37
47
52
40
50
•127.0

49
42
30
25
30
40
36
47
53
39
50
•127.0

51
42
30
25
30
39
37
48
52
40
50
•127.0

51
43
29
25
31
39
37
48
54
41
50
127.0

48
41
34
25
29
39
38
50
53
42
50
125.5

48
42
24
25
26
38
39
52
54
43
50
125.5

126
126
126
198
93
124
106
118

128
127
140
185
71
139
120
121

131
139
141
174

124
136
135
178

£
117

114
121
132
148
67
136
120

129
223
132
121
69
138
107
109

107
120
126
91
63
130
104
98

848.5
838.4
84.8
85.3
854.3

53.7
41.5
6.3
5.9
64.5

42.3
31.9
5.1
5.3
55.7

50.6
40.3
5.0
5.3
56.9

US
111

148
115
8125

111

26. 50
234.4
244.2
112
104
103

62,11

0.0 +6.3
+2.4
+2.4
-3.3 +20.8
0.0
0.0
+3.3 +19.2
0.0 +2.6
-5.1
0.0
-7.7
0.0
0.0
+3.8
-4.7
+2.5
0.0
0.0
+1.2
0.0
—8.
-11.0
—2.2
-16.9
—10 7
-0.7
+2.6

+6.5
+0.8
+4.8
+62.6
+6.3
+4.6
+15.4

Factory Labor Turnover
(Percentage of number on payroll)
Departures:
52.1
51.1
46.5
Total
per cent (annual basis) _ _
40.8
39.5
35.7
Voluntary quits... per cent (annual basis). 5.4
Lay offs
per cent (annual basis) ._
5.7
5.0
6.2
Discharges
percent (annual basis) ..
5.6
5.8
61.4
59.9
60.9
Accessions
per cent (annual basis)..
Industrial disputes:
«80
Disputes
._
number.73
871
Workers involved..
number..
58, 959 8 54, 584 • 22, 008
1, 578, 929 8 1, 526, 627 5 1,150, 187
Man-days lost in month
number
DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT
Retail Sales
Mail-order houses:
53, 309
55, 006
57, 702
Total sales, 2 houses
thous. of dolls..
Sears, Roebuck & Co
thous. of dolls. _
35, 126
33, 501
35, 748
Montgomery Ward & Co. -thous. of dolls..
21, 954
19, 880
19, 808
Ten-cent chain stores:
42, 604
49, 202
44, 401
Total sales (4 chains)
thous. of dolls..
2,744
2,767
Total stores operated (4 chains) —number..
2,728
22, 522
F. W. Woolworth & Co
thous. of dolls..
28, 578
23, 609
1,767
1,789
Stores operated_
..number..
1,775
12, 345
12, 572
11, 687
S. S. Kresge Co...
thous. of dolls..
542
537
Stores operated
number
531
3,300
3,263
3, 335
McCrory Stores Corp _ ..thous. of dolls
236
239
Stores operated
number..
238
5,016
S. H. Kress & Co
thous. of dolls..
4,885
5,095
194
194
197
Stores operated..
number..
1,360
1,337
Metropolitan
thous. of dolls
1,467
117
123
120
Stores operated.. ._
number
F. & W. Grand
...thous. of dolls..
1,688
1,889
1,635
89
88
90
Stores operated
number
5,089
4,524
5,374
W. T. Grant Co
thous. of dolls .
241
244
Stores operated
number
227
Restaurant chains:
4,821
5, 025
4,763
Total sales (3 chains)
thous. of dolls.
374
372
Stores operated
number
375
2,259
2,261
2,177
Childs Co sa'es
thous of dolls
114
114
114
Stores operated
number
1,302
1,403
1,313
J. R. Thompson Co., sales.thous. of dolls..
124
124
124
Stores operated.
_ . _ _ _ „ _ number^
Waldorf System (Inc.),
1,361
1,260
sales
thous. of dolls
1,273
134
137
136
Stores operated
number. _
^Revised.




+6.1
+10.7
+8 1 +3.0
+31.3 +26.0
+11.3 +11.3
+18.8 +13.4

42
34
62, 862
105, 760
3, 553, 750 2, 571, 982

81
15, 189
524, 099

60, 088
35, 133
24, 955

63, 078
36, 950
26, 128

45, 994
28, 986
17, 008

50,814
30, 004
20, 810

+5.0
+5.2
+4.7

+24.1
+23. 2
+25.6

379, 727
231, 365
148, 362

46, 613
2,787
24, 446
1,802
13, 001
547
3,853
240
5,317
198
1,612
131
1,731
89
5,066
252

43, 168
2,816
22, 253
1,815
11, 971
560
3,582
241
5,363
200
1,471
134
1,731
90
4,777
258

41,049
2, 552
21,812
1, 675
11, 272
468
3,115
224
4,850
185
993
97
1,236
74
3,996
191

42, 906
2,586
22, 637
1,698
11, 914
474
3,344
224
5,011
190
6 1, 109
100
1,443
76
4,708
199

+0.6
-7.4
+8.9
+1.0
-1.7
-9.0
+6.9
+0.7
-7.9 +0.5
+2.4 +18.1
-7.0 +7.1
+7.6
+0.4
+7.0
+0.9
+1.0 +5.3
-8.7 +32.6
+2.3 +34.0
0.0 +20.0
+1.1 +18.4
+1.5
-5.7
+2.4 +29.6

354, 510

383, 640

190, 310

205, 029

10, 297

14, 245 +38.3

33, 726

41, 236 +22.3

5,151
369
2,478
113
1,331
122

4,953
367
2,348
112
1,282
122

4,577
369
2,217
116
1,190
121

8 4, 591
366
8 2, 191
113
1,185
121

-3.8
-0.5
-5.2
-0.9
-3.7
0.0

+7.9
+0.3
+7.2
-0.9
+8.2
+0.8

41, 172

43,859

19, 584

20,404

+6.5
+4.2

10,854

11, 645

+7.3

1,342
134

1, 323
133

1,170
132

1,215
132

-1.4
-0.7

+8.9
+0.8

10, 742

11,812 +10.0

96, 560
26, 901

41,739
8,282

492, Oil +29.6
298, 312 +28.9
193, 699 +30.6

+8.2
+7.7
104, 304 +8.0
29, 764 +10.6
44,548

+6.7

11, 207 +35.3

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929
The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

July

August

September

August

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
1929,
Septemfrom
from
ber
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

Per ct.
increase

(+)
or de-

crease

(-)

1938

1929

cumulative

1929

from

1928

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT-Con.
Retail Sales— Continued
Other chain stores:
Isaac Silver & Bros
thous. of dolls..
Stores operated
number
J. C. Penny Co
thous. of dolls
Stores operated
number
G. C. Murphy Co
thous. of dolls..
Stores operated
number
Installment sales in New England
dept. stores, ratio to total sales
per cent..

566
37
16, 090
1,109
1,192
143

613
39
17, 121
1,215
1,229
145

650
41
14, 554
1,215
1,148
145

718
43
16, 491
1,292
1,273
148

6.1

4.1

6.7

12.5

3,120
19, 310
113, 242

2,895
17, 756
101, 200

2,346
15, 437
83, 930

1,978
12, 076
85, 136

460
26
12,877
982
873
118

512
29
16, 478
1,006
1,046
119

12.1

679
43
18, 243
1,337
1,336
150

fi 2, 302
14, 349
« 99, 839

+32.6
+48.3
+10.7
+32.9
+27.7
+26.1

4,066

5,213 +28.2

112, 842

129, 935 +15.1

7,481

10, 213 +36.5

+28.5
+33. 0
+24.2

+10.4
+11.9
+5.9

137, 812
859, 234

8.2

1,800
11, 437
83, 240

-5.4
0.0
+10.6
+3.5
+4.9
+1.4

Adver Using
Magazine advertising
thous of lines
Magazine advertising, total cost.thous. of dolls..
Newspaper advertising.
.thous. of lines..
Radio broadcast:
Cost of facilities
thous. of dolls
National advertising in newspapers:
Total
thous. of lines
Passenger cars
thous. of lines
Tires, trucks, and
accessories.
_ -thous. of lines
Financial
thous. of lines..
Building materials
thous. of lines
Electrical appliances,
supplies _
thous. of lines
Foods and beverages
.thous. of lines..
Heating and plumbing
equipment
thous. of lines .
Medical
thous. of lines..
Radio
thous. of lines
Tobacco
thous. of lines..
Toilet requisites
._ thous. of lines
Transportation
_ _ .thous. of lines. .
All other
thous. of lines

2,542
16, 063
105, 702

146, 451
897, 348

+6.3
+4.4

1,563

1,309

1,312

1,330

1,599

676

814

+20.2

+96.4

6,623

12, 903 +94.8

61, 548
8,757

56, 118
6,603

48,023
6,219

44, 094
7,088

52, 869
6,884

39, 167
7,064

43, 402
6,720

+19.9
-2.9

+21.8
+2.4

371, 930
61, 676

440, 710 +18.5
65, 998 +7.0

7,397
8,176
1,148

7,926
7,485
632

7,565
8,672
275

6,745
6,304
274

5,502
7,457
775

5,681
4,796
400

4,696 -18.4
5,821 +18.3
811 +182. 8

+17.2
+28.1
-4.4

38, 630
55, 053
4,997

49, 166 +27.3
65, 851 +19.6
5,332 +6.7

1,553
8,837

1,763
8,230

1,093
6,676

888
5,895

1,560
6,440

887
5,802

895
5,678

+75.7
+9.2

+74.3
+13.4

7,621
51, 979

10,500 +37.8
56, 294 +8.3

650
3,810
2,148
5,171
2,936
4,263
6,704

381
2,830
1,885
4,264
3,123
4,667
6,291

319
2,285
2,515
2,484
2,592
3^756
3,572

422
2,190
3,017
2,107
2,372
3,121
2,672

772
2,019
6,205
3,217
3,020
2,321
5,686

476
2,214
1,009
2,709
1,949
2,467
3,715

979 +82.9
-7.8
2,920
3,759 +105. 7
2,006 +52.7
2,139 +27.3
1,784 -25.6
5,245 +112. 8

-21.1
-30.9
+65.1
+60.4
+41.2
+33.9
+8.4

4,185
30, 748
10, 452
24, 482
20, 861
21, 308
39, 874

4,320
33, 534
22, 467
28,176
24, 569
26, 212
46,246

32, 446
3,339

29,280
3,061

29,069
3,189

29, 251
3,289

30, 549
3,303

27, 951
3,115

29, 261
3,074

+4.4
+0.4

+4.4
+7.4

271, 463
29, 453

278, 930
29,964

+2.8
+1.7

3,702
38, Oil

3,545
36, 198

3,602
37, 120

3,510
37, 027

3,407
35, 916

3,165
32,886

2,879
32, 382

-2.9
-3.0

+18.3
+10.9

30,004
305, 520

32, 682
331, 946

+8.9
+S.G

11, 693
90, 363
587, 471

11,223
86,958
593, 254

10, 741
10, 862
86, 573
88, 806
645, 653 • 701, 538

10, 328
86, 974
655, 689

10, 183
81, 180
419, 047

9,748
79, 877
423, 991

-4.9
-2.1
-6.5

+5.9
+8.9
+54.6

96, 127
742, 599
2, 110, 571

+3.2
+9.1
+15.1
+17.8

+115.0
+23.0

+16.0

Postal Business

Postal receipts:
50 selected cities
thous. of dolls..
50 industrial cities
thous of dolls
Money orders:
Domestic issued (50 cities)—
Quantity
thousands
Value..
thous. of dolls Domestic paid (50 cities)—
Quantity..
_
thousands .
Value
._
thous. of dolls..
Air mail, weight dispatched
pounds..

100, 640 +4.7
784, 575 +5.7
5, 131, 498 +143. 1

BANKING AND FINANCE

Life Insurance
(Association of Life Insurance Presidents)
Policies and certificates, new (44 companies):
245, 018
Ordinary
number of policies
245, 081 214, 010
293, 458 277, 615 273, 099
273, 484
740, 371 770,416
Industrial.
number of policies
888, 462 880, 770 809, 110 795, 451 805, 623
52, 943
Group
number of certificates
24,605
21, 799
72, 923
45,455
40, 622
66, 353
Total policies and certificates
number.. 1, 227, 375 1, 224, 738 1, 155, 132 1, 109, 557 1, 072, 440 1, 010, 057 1, 037, 369
Amount of new insurance (44 companies) :
534, 112
Ordinary
thous. of dolls.. 801, 698 750, 228 722, 451 698, 196 608, 839
626, 594
198, 949
193, 365
Industrial
thous. of dolls
221,006
223, 680 219, 144
240, 501 242, 166
277, 943
Group
_
thous. of dolls.. 109, 827
75, 151
56, 926
147, 658
106, 589
99, 773
876, 885 1, Oil, 004
904, 996
Total insurance ...
thous. of dolls
1, 152, 026 1, 098, 983 1, 093, 789 1, 017, 113
Premium collections (44 companies):
135, 743
143, 078
Ordinary
_
thous. of dolls .
143, 386
174, 278
158, 733 169, 773
154, 206
49, 343
50,228
56, 773
Industrial
thous. of dolls
57, 932
52, 218
55, 801
56, 143
5,738
Group
thous. of dolls
6,485
11,494
5,705
7,691
7,345
7,129
190,824
Total
thous of dolls
199, 319
234, 187 221, 879
239, 199
217,478 206, 336
Admitted life insurance assets (40 companies) :
12, 510
13,798
Grand total
mills, of dolls..
12,406
13, 594
13, 373
13, 469
13, 691
Mortgage loans5,925
5,382
5,429
5,750
5,792
Total
mills of dolls
5,849
5,887
1,604
1,600
1,602
Farm
mills of dolls
1,607
1,599
1,599
1,600
All other
mills of dolls
3,825
4,242
3,780
4,325
4,151
4,193
4,287
Bonds and stocks (book value) :
4,718
4,704
Total
. .
mills, of dolls
5,171
5,085
5,208
5,188
5,119
930
1,070
1,048
927
1,048
1,062
Government
mills of dolls
1,033
2,406
2,411
2,527
Railroad
mills of dolls
2,517
2,498
2,526
2,507
1,151
1,138
1,256
1,274
1,281
Public utility
mills of dolls
1,267
1,261
330
All other
mills of dolls
231
228
298
326
339
303
Policy loans and
1,497
premium notes
mills of dolls
1,670
1,486
1,630
1,652
1,707
1,688
(Life Insurance Sales Research Bureau)
Sales of ordinary life insurance:
702, 275 578, 193
United States total
thous. of dolls. . 873, 490 829, 202 796, 900 765, 702 677, 104
273, 055 218, 788
Eastern manuf. dis
thous. of dolls _. 352, 208 334, 551 319, 437 300, 810 261, 657
136, 379
200, 638 189, 447
182,763 177,990 161, 222
163, 568
Western manuf. dis
thous. of dolls__
90, 916
121, 224
104, 287
125, 716
116, 749
104, 534
Western agric. district- -thous. of dolls..
125, 349
90,954
71,371
86,288
102, 475
77,810
97, 104
Southern district
thous. of dolls. .
90, 526
60, 739
75, 077
71,881
92, 453
82, 751
82, 522
79, 627
Far western district
thous. of dolls..
38, 872
56,078
43,503
51,283
54,700
42,468
43, 911
Canada total, 15 companies. thous. of dolls..
 «Revised.



-10.4
+1.3
-46.3
-3.3

+14.5 2, 173, 785 2, 398, 468 +10.3
+4.6 7, 723, 607 8, 132, 278 +5.3
414, 946 +12.2
369, 888
-58.8
+3.4 10, 266, 780 10, 945, 692 +6.6

-12.8
+0.8
-24.7
-11.0

+14.0
+11.1
-73.0
-10.5

6, 061, 771
2, 009, 999
986, 310
9, 058, 080

6, 548, 827 +8.0
2, 174, 377 +8.2
833, 293 -15.5
9, 556, 497 +5.5

-7.2
+1.1
-9.0
-5.1

+5.4
+15.1
+13.0
+8.1

1, 382, 661
460, 797
67, 877
1,911,335

1, 469, 492 +6.3
496, 556 +7.8
82, 593 +21.7
2,048,641 +7.2

+0.8

+10.3

+0.6
0.0
+0.9

+9.1
-0.2
+13.1

+0.4
+0.8
0.0
+0.5
+1.2

+10.4
+15.1
+5.0
+11.3
+42.9

+1.1

+14.0

-11.6
-13.0
-9.4
-10.5
-14.0
-9.7
+3.4

+17.1
+19.6
+18.2
+15.0
+9.0
+18.3
+13.0

1

6, 563, 545
2,681,717
1, 461, 681
994,973
779,978
645,196
413,419

7, 155, 274 +9.0
2,935,924 +9.5
1, 651, 720 +13.0
1, 042, 554 +4.8
807,444 +3.5
717, 632 +11.2
449, 197 +8.7

45
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929
The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

BANKING AND FINANCE-Continued
Banking
Check payments:
New York City
mills of dolls
Outside New York City
mills, of dolls. _
Canada
.mills, of dolls
Federal reserve banks:
Bills discounted
mills of dolls
Notes in circulation
mills of dolls
Total investments
mills, of dolls
Total reserve
mills of dolls
Total deposits
mills of dolls
Reserve ratio
per cent
Federal reserve member banks:
Total loans and discounts mills of dolls
Total investments
mills of dolls
Net demand deposits
mills of dolls
Brokers' loans, end of month:
To N. Y. Stock Ex. membersTotal
mill*; of dolls
Ratio to market value
per cent
By New York F. R. member
banks.
mills, of dolls. .
Interest rates:
Time loans, 90 days
_
per cent..
Call loans, renewal
per cent
Prime com. paper (4-6 mos.)
per cent..
Prime bankers' acceptances
per cent
N. Y. Fed. Res. Bank (redis.).__per cent..
Federal land banks
per cent
Intermediate credit banks
...per cent..
Deposits, New York State savings
banks end of month
mills of dolls
Public Finance
Government debt, gross, end mo.mills. of dolls. _
Customs receipts
thous. of dolls..
Total ordinary receipts ._ _
thous. of dolls
Expenditures chargeable to
ordinary receipts
thous. of dolls
U. S. money in circulation:
Daily average
mills, of dolls
Gold and Silver
GoldDomestic receipts at mint fine ounces..
Rand output
fine
ounces
Monetary stock of U. S.—
daily average
mills, of dolls
Imports
thous. of dolls
Exports
thous. of dolls..
Silver:
Production—
United States
thous. of fine oz
Canada
thous. of fine oz
Stocks, end of monthUnited States
thous. of fine oz
Canada
thous. of fine oz
Imports
thous. of dolls..
Exports
thous. of dolls
Price at New York
dolls, per fine oz

May

August

July

September

August

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
Septem1929,
from
ber
from
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1928

1929

Per ct.
increase
( }
or t
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

356, 825
222, 951
16, 732

446, 309 +25.1
244, 615 +9.7
17, 505 +4.6

-3.7
+4.4
+20.3

411, 520
2, 938, 160

461, 667 +12.2
3, 180, 322 +8.2

+89.4

-17.3

2, 785, 904

2, 771, 957

-0.5

+0.7

+0.1

-23.3
-4.5

-7.5
-1.0

679, 661
7, 728, 631

660, 665
7, 811, 495

-2.8
+1.1

4,125
4,273
3,810

+0.4 +5.9
-1.5 +344. 4
+36.8 -68.4

100, 026
535, 216

4,776
2,252

4,087
2,177

-28.1
-24.2

+2.1
-4.4

41, 768
15, 003

44, 991
15, 032

+7.7
+0.2

1,112
914
4,111
4,374
.510

263
720
6,496
9,246
.589

872
1,457
5,739
6,229
.575

+3.5 +27.5
+3.9 -37.3
-44.0 -28.4
-48.7 -29.8
-3.0 -11.3

50,232
63, 966

48, 913
61, 035

-2.6
-4.6

33, 746

34, 125

58, 202

33, 957

332, 427 -10.9

16, 877
19, 096
22, 229

1, 376

14, 914
16, 660
2,551
8 74, 180
2,423

14, 727
13, 567
5,662
8 20, 810
5 2, 632

+1.1 +0.5
+7.6 +1.3
+4.1 +22.8
-34.4 -54.9
+36.2 +256. 5
+76.1 -7.9

373, 194

13, 857
16, 002
3,888

135, 759
171, 876
65, 558
86, 565
27,681

127, 218 -6.3
165, 596 -3.7
39, 615 -39.6
166, 147 +91.9
22, 240 -19.7

1,702
482
1,163
117

1,568
427
1,039
102

1,852
493
1,241
112

-11.0
-4.1
-11.4 -5.9
-10.7 -3.2
-12.8 -6.6
-45.3 +47.3
+24.2 +37.8

18, 038
4,379
12, 576
1,077
256
1,327

17, 254 -4.3
4,484 +2.4
11, 696 -7.0
1,074 -0.3
310 +21.1
1,473 + 11.0

-17.1
35 -17.1
74
0.0 -35.1
73 -24.5 +5.5
0.0
8 -27.3
-9.1 +66.7
6
24 +11.8 +58.3
15 +175. 0 -26.7
4 -50.0 -25.0
3 +50.0 +200.0
212 -13.8
-8.5

334
560
664
66
134
374
117
51
74
2,005

317 -5.1
514 -8.2
847 +27.6
99 +50.0
140 +4.5
361 -3.5
110 -6.0
59 + 15.7
0.0
74
1,963 -2.1

-16.7
0.0
-9.0
-3.5
+3.1
0.0
-29.1 -32.1
-15.6 +25.6
-26.7 -15.4
-5.5 +13.3
indicated.

751
3,797
2,478
2,202
598
115
2.632

770 +2.5
3,724 -1.9
2,020 -18.5
2,049 -6.9
547 -8.5
111 -3.5
2.475 -6.0

50,043
26, 520
2,097

43, 263
26, 423
1,817

49, 215
28, 444
2,108

49, 034
28, 339
1,937

50, 342
27, 314
1,884

35, 102
23, 401
1,813

38, 725
24, 450
1,681

+2.7
-3.6
-2.7

+30.0
+11.7
+12.1

988
1,654
270
2,970
2,331
74.5

1,125
1,736
226
8,041
2,438
72.9

1,076
1,779
232
3,109
2,398
74.4

974
1,829
328
3,149
2,348
75.4

931
1,851
484
3,141
2,471
72.7

1,039
1,651
394
2,765
2,325
69.5

1,026
1,704
545
2,751
2,414
66.8

-4.4
+1.2
+47.6
-0.3
+5.2
—3. 6

-9.3
+8.6
-11.2
+14.2
+2.4
+8.8

16, 202
5,799
12, 791

16, 925
5,560
13, 293

17, 058
5,549
13, 395

16, 950
5,456
12,985

17, 428
5,401
13, 295

15, 729
6,405
12, 871

15, 952
6,401
13, 226

+2.8
+2! 4

+9.3
-15.6
+0.5

6,665
9.39

7,071
9.15

7,473
8.87

7,882
8.79

8,549
9.82

5,051
8.80

5 5, 513
9.29

5,288

5,769

5,960

6,217

6,804

4,235

4,570

+9.4

+48.9

8.75
8.91
6.00
5.50
5.00
5.13
55.56

8.13
7.70
6.00
5.50
5.00
55.20
55.62

7.75
9.23
6.00
5.13
5.00
5.29
55.67

8.88
8.23
6.13
5.13
6.00
5.31
55.67

8.88
8.50
6.25
5.13
6.00
5.44
5.67

6.25
6.87
5.38
4.63
5.00
5.04
4.84

7.00
7.26
5.63
4.50
5.00
5.04
5.12

0.0
+3.3
+2.0
0.0
0.0
+2.4
0.0

+26.9
+17.1
+11.0
+14.0
+20.0
+7.9
+10.7

4,418

4,459

4,434

4,426

4,457

4, 299

4,352

+0.7

+2.4

17, 167
48, 279
166, 722

16, 931
52, 401
765, 882

16, 832
52,144
169, 473

16, 805
56, 427
174, 502

16, 720
52, 612
670, 736

17, 648
52, 797
173, 495

-0.5
17, 367
-6.8
50, 410
557, 398 +284. 4

225, 269

420,473

349, 825

210, 725

399, 068

308, 594

482, 600

4,684

4,687

4,764

4,777

4,811

4,743

4,804

70, 520
897, 598

73, 468
856, 029

92, 256
889, 480

100, 387
889,000

77, 029
849, 000

98, 769
891, 863

83,247
857, 731

4,292
24, 098
467

4,311
30, 762
550

4,335
35, 524
803

4,351
19, 271
881

4,368
18, 991
1,205

4,118
2,445
1,698

5,080
1,560

4,976
1,146

4,523
1,910

55,806
2,744

4,172
2,081

1,105
360
4,602
7,485
.541

1,382
543
5,022
5,445
.524

682
339
4,723
6,784
.525

1,074
880
7,345
8,522
.526

31, 375

32, 426

12, 721
13, 931
4,723
8 54, 458
3,758

12, 767
14, 605
5,053

2,441

1,767
496
1,154
117
8 148
154

1,752
461
1,190
101
176

132

164

136

40
47
107
19
23
45
12
3
6
194

39
63
88
6
15
31
10
7
9
193

35
48
102
11
11
34
4
6
6
225

29
48
77
8
10
38
11
3
9
194

36
59
60
4
23
51
8
6
10
237

68
373
202
200
50
13
248

68
406
201
180
54
5
276

72
399
163
179
64
15
271

60
363
168
127
54
11
256
8
Quarter

Business Failures
Liabilities:
Total commercial
thous of dolls
41, 216
Manufacturing
establishments
thous. of dolls
18, 954
Trade establishments . thous. of dolls
18, 191
Agents and brokers
thous. of dolls. .
4,071
Banks (quarter)
thous. of dolls
Canada
thous. of dolls..
4,416
Firms:
Total commercial _
number
1,897
Manufacturing establishments. . .number..
515
Trade establishments
number. .
1,266
Agents and brokers
_
number..
116
Banks (quarterly) ._
number
Canada
_
number..
164
By groups:
ManufacturersMetals
number
30
Textilesnumber..
67
Lumber
number
103
11
Chemicals
number
Printing and engraving
number..
15
Foodstuffs
number..
35
Leather, etc
number
15
Liquors and tobacco
number..
12
Stone, clay, and glass
number..
12
All other. .
_
number
215
TradersGeneral stores - ..
number
86
Foods and tobacco
. . number
385
Clothing
number
228
Household furniture
number..
214
Chemicals and paints _ . number
60
Books and paper.
'
number
13
All other
number..
280
5 Revised.




June

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

2,584

881

54
423
210
171
71
11
307
ending in

1,635
454
1,073
108
855
5119

60
376
168
187
43
13
226
month

+8.5 +55.1
+11.7 +5.7

255, 293 +155. 2
9,938 -98.1

46

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

PER CENT INCREASE (-}-) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

July

August

September

August

September

'•

Perct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
1929,
from
from
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

1928

!

1929

j

BANKING AND FINANCE— Continued
Dividend and Interest Payments
tlious. of dolls
tbous. of dolls

398, 000
237, 000

558, 200
386, 400

863, 356
515, 156

377, 000
201, 000

480, 600
292, 000

335, 800
182, 000

5
41 3, 250
« 262, 000;

+27.5
4-45.3

+16.3
+11.5

4, 402, 864
2, 697, 754

4, 986, 501 +13.3
3, 009, 201 +11.5

thous. of dolls
thous. of dolls
thous. of dolls
thous. of dolls

161, 000
124, 500
28, 900
7,600

171, 800
136, 000
29, 300
6,500

348, 200
250, 000
55, 000
13, 100

176, 000
132, 000
37, 100
6,900

188, 600
152, 000
29, 500
7, 100

153, 800 5 151, 250:
112,100 « 121, 100
35, 200 8 23, 400 1
6
6,500
6, 750i

+7.2
+15.2
-20.5
+2.9

+24.7
+25.5
+26.1
+5.2

1,705,110
1, 250. 580
288, 480
86, 050

1, 977, 300 +16.0
1,471,300 +17.6
324, 500 +12.5
90, 500 +5.2

55, 320
Foreign loans in the U. S
thous. of dolls..
Foreign governments
thous. of dolls
Total corporation
__thous. of dolls 1, 313, 893
Purpose of issueNew capital
thous. of dolls
920, 046
Refunding
thous. of dolls.. 390, 847
Type of securityStocks
_ . .thous. of dolls
869, 271
Bonds and notes
thous. of dolls.. 444, 622
Class of industry —
105, 308
Railroads
thous. of dolls__
342, 919
Public utilities
thous. of dolls
Industrials
.thous. of dolls. _ 459, 215
36, 102
Oil
thous. of dolls
Land and buildings
thous. of dolls..
48, 857
Shipping and misc.. .thous. of dolls. _ 319, 290
States and municipalities:
190, 222
Permanent loans ... _ .thous. of dolls. _
60, 118
Temporary loans
thous. of dolls
Tax-exempt securities outstanding, end of month ._
mills, of dolls..
17, 437

144, 626
6,000
630, 102

8 48, 703

860, 747

20, 250
13, 1681
15, 000
8,000
776, 222 1, 507, 376

199, 426

108, 949
43, 500
428, 184

-35.0 -87.9
—46.7 -81.6
+94.2 +252. 0

1, 189, 544
583, 370
5, 343 479

568, 554 -52.2
64, 750 -88.9
8, 656, 197 +62.0

613, 880
16, 222

801, 453
59, 294

751, 177 1, 200, 784!
25, 045
306, 592,

180, 716
18, 710

391, 158
37, 026|

+59.9 +207. 0
+728. 0

2, 780, 564
1, 562, 915

7, 697, 757 +176. 8
1, 255, 440 -19.7

357, 982
272, 120

648, 504
212, 243

658, 090 1, 265, 387
118, 132
241, 989

73, 892
125, 534

172, 047 +92.3 +635. 5
256, 137 +104. 8
-5.5

2, 044, 208
3, 299, 271

6, 164, 085 +201. 5
2, 622, 112 -20.5

91, 350
129, 552
105, 205
45, 641
40, 843
217, 511

27. 580
319, 796
127, 621
17, 639
41, 269
326, 844

660
111,865
91, 282
2,105
35, 503
534, 808

81, 520|
380, 291
280, 078
51, 000
6,501
707, 987

13, 726
97, 776
32, 989

202, 239| +240. 0 +88.0
98, 234 +2C6. 8 +185. 1

30, 256
44, 678

57, 517
70, 194

-81.7
+32.4

-88.7

544, 631
2, 067, 501
1,059,112
102, 327
606, 501
969, 177

561, 009
2, 229, 651
1, 830, 390
350, 515
471, 497
3, 157, 907

+3.0
+7.8
+72.8
+242. 5
-22. 3
+225. 8

162, 168
48, 109

« 86, 538
59, 321

« 80, 158
« 86, 164

92, 810
44, 525

78, 445
63, 543

70, 170
73. 419

+15.8
-48.3

+32.3
-39.4

1, 001, 621
593, 562

970, 399
645, 213

-3.1
+8.7

17, 523

« 17, 556

17, 635

18, 277

16, 865

16, 897

+3.6

+8.2

Loans outstanding, end mo.:
Federal farm loan banks — thous. of dolls.. 1, 204, 128 1, 204, 916 1, 204, 363 1, 203, 806 1, 202, 490 1, 187, 365 1, 189, 345
608, 706
608, 451
Joint-stock land banks . .thous. of dolls. _ 599, 413 597, 956 596, 403 594, 87d 593, 388
Federal intermediate credit
68, 882
72, 204
66, 978
68, 101
68, 981
68, 619
banks
thous. of dolls _
69, 326

-0.1
-0.3

+1.1
-2.5

+4.8

+5.2

+4.1
+0.6
-1.2
-8.7

+58.0
+22.0
-13.5
+5.1

Grand total
Interest payments
Dividend payments:
Total
Industrial and" misc..
Steam railroads
Street railways

New Security Issues

Agricultural Finances

Stocks and Bonds
Stock prices, average daily closing:
25 industrials, average
dolls, per share..
25 railroads, average
dolls, per share. .
Southern cotton mills
dolls, per share..
103 stocks average
dolls, per share
Stock prices, average weekly closing:
Industrials, rails, and utilities,
(405)
rel. to 1926
All industrials (338)
. rel. to 1926
All railroads (33)
rel. to 1926

All utilities (34)
rel. to 1926
Automobiles and trucks (13)
rel. to 1926..
Automobile tires and rubber
goods (7)
rel. to 1926
Airplane (10)
rel. to 1926
Agricultural imp^ments (4) ...rel. to 1926_.
Chain stores (17)
.. rel. to 1926 .
Copper and brass (9)
rel. to 1926
Food, other than meat (20)
rel. to 1926. _
Machinery and machine equipment (10)
rel. to 1926
Oil producing and refining (16) .rel. to 1926._
Railroad equipment (9)
rel. to 1926..
Rayon (5)
rel to 1926
Steel and iron (10)
rel. to 1926
Textiles (30)
.. rel. to 1926
Theaters, motion pictures, and
amusements (7)
rel. to 1926
Tobacco and tobacco products
(10)
rel. to 1926
Traction, motor transportation,
etc (9)
rel. to 1926. .
Stock yields:
Total common (90)
- . per cent.
Industrials (50)
per cent
Public utilities (20)
per cent
Railroads (20)
per cent
Preferred, high grade industrial
(20)
per cent
Stock sales, N. Y. Stock" Exch.thous. of shares..
Bond sales:
Miscellaneous
thous. of dolls _ _
Liberty-Treasury
..thous. of dolls..
Total
thous. of dolls..

«Revised.




|

363. 37
128. 95
96.77
76.26

372. 70
134. 37
95.15
82.50

414. 04
149. 27
92.45
86.25

431. 20
151. 29
90.41
90.35

448. 78
152. 26
89. 37s
82.47

267. 16
121. 57
104. 82
76.59

283. 99
124. 82
103. 31
78.49

187.8
192.6
138.7
212.3
260.5

190.7
191.0
144.8
233.0
241.7

207.2
202.7
160.0
272.8
241.0

218.1
210.3
165.4
304.3
240.8

225.2
216.1
168. li
321. 0
24.09

148.3
152. 6
126.5
147.9
244.7

156.6
162.2
129.6
155.8
270.0

194.4
1, 147. 0
399.8
148.3
279. 8
172.0

184.8
1, 069. 0
380.5
144.5
270.8
175.6

184.9
1,131.0
418.6
148.0
280. 8
189.1

169.5
1, 130. 0
423.9
148.7
288.9
186.7

163.4
994.4
444.8
154.6
294.4
191.1

IIP. 3
591.5
281.7
142.9
155.2
158.1

127.6
693.7
301.3
150.5
172.0
167.1

-3.6
-12.0
+4.9
+4.0
+1.9
+2.4

+28.1
+43.3
+47.6
+2.7
+71.2
+14.4

160.8
146.3
138.2
143.4
185.3
127.0

159. 4
144.1
141.7
138.0
188.2
122.4

171.8
149.1
148.5
126.6
211.5
120.3

177.2
157.5
157. 8
126.2
238.4
118.1

191.4
166.7
157.6
119.8
243.9
114.1

135. 4
112.6
123. 6
165. 1
143.6
120.5

139.4
115.7
129.5
160.7
155. 8
125.9 |

+8.0
+5.8
-0.1
-5.1
+2.3
-3.4

+37.3
+44.1
+21.7
-25. 5
+56.5
-9.4

140.1

133.4

139.0

142.5

145.2

116.6

135.1

+1.9

139.1

135.1

139.1

141.6

141.5

137.6

142.5

-0.1

85.8

83.7

83.0

83.1

84.7

95.7

99.5

+1.9

-14.9

3.37
3.37
2.48
4.79

3.38
3.51
2.22
4.62

3. 16
3.36
1.95
4.17

3.01
3.26
1.78
4.04

2.92
3.19
1.69
3.96

4.01
3.96
3.39
5.08

3.78
3.72
3.14 |
4.98

-3.0
-2.1
-5.1
-2.0

-22.8
-14.2
-46.2 |
-20.5

5.45
91, 279

5.49
69, 548

5.52
93, 379

5.54
95, 705

5.52
100, 056

5.43
67, 704

5.41
90, 907

-0.4
+4.5

+2.0
+10.1

613, 202

225,716
8,851
234, 567

227, 676
9,848
237, 524

295, 577
13, 330
308, 907

251, 287
8, 510
259, 797

210, 995
9,267
220, 262

173, 561
9,988 !
183, 54 1

190, 582
10, 467
201, 049 1

-16.0
+8.9
-15.2

+10.7
-11.5
+9.6

2, 155, 943
138, 850
2, 294, 793

1

i

!

+3.3 +43.8
+2.8 +33.2
+29.7
+1.6
+5.5 +106. 0
0.0 -10.8

j-

i:

|
—

i
i

"
._

+7.5
-0.7
!

;

827, 002 +34.9
2, 028, 340
95, 201
2, 123, 541

-5.9
-31.4
-7.5

47

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929f "Survey"

May

June

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

1929

August

July

September

August

SepSeptember, tember,
1929,
1929,
Septemfrom
from
ber
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

Perct.
increase

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1928

(

-y

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

1929

BANKING AND FINANCE— Continued
Stocks and Bonds— Continued
Bond prices:
Highest-grade rails.p. ct. of par. 4% bond-Second-grade rails _. p. ct. of par. 4% bond..
Public utility
p ct of par. 4% bond
Industrial
p. ct. of par. 4% bond..
Comb, price index-p. ct. of par. 4% bond-Bond prices, 1st of following month:
5 Liberty bonds
p ct of par
16 foreign govt. and city
p. ct. of par_.
Cornb. price index, 66 bonds. .p. ct. of par. _
Bond yields:
Total. 60 high grade
_
per cent..
Railroads (15)
per cent
Industrials (15)
.
per cent
Utilities (15)
percent..
Municipal (15)
per cent
Municipal bond yield (20)
per cent
U.S. Treasury notes and
certificates, 3-6 months
per cent
Liberty and Trea>sury bonds
per cent_.
Long-term and real-estate bonds issued:
Grand total
thous. of dolls
Purpose of issueFinance construction___thous. of dolls..
Real-estate mortgage. __thous. of dolls..
Acquisitions and
improvements
thous. of dolls..
Kind of structure —
Office and commercial— thous. of dolls..
Hotels
thous of dolls
Apartments
thous. of dolls _

1

87.81
79.13
75. 03
76. 51
79.33

86.37
78. 59
74.32
75.29
78.37

86.06
78 55
73! 25
75. 24
77.99

85.98
77. 25
73. 14
74. 54
77.43

85. 51
77.64
73.13
73.84
77. 23

89.66
80.99
79.08
77.97
81.68

91. 05
82. 51
79. 51
78. 18
82.53

—0. 5
+0 5
0.0
-0.9
-0.3

-6. 1
- 59
-8.0
-5.6
-6.4

100. 24
103. 49
97.91

100. 87
103. 30
97.69

100. 64
103. 60
97. 95

100. 61
103. 42
97.66

100. 34
103. 16
97.48

103. 88
104. 77
100. 36

103. 11
104. 55
100. 40

—0 3
-0.3
-OT2

-1.3|

4.69
4.58
5.06
4.85
4.23
4.30

4.73
4. 65
5.09
4.90
4.26
4.33

4.73
4.67
5.09
4.90
4.28
•4.41

4.74
4.67
5.09
4.89
4.31
4.41

4.76
4.71
5.12
4.90
4.32
4.49

4.59
4.49
4.96
4.73
4.16
4.18

4.57
4.43
4.95
4.73
4.17
4.16

+0.4
+0.9
+0. 6
+0.2
+0.2
+1.8

+4.2
+6.3
+3. 4
+3.6
+3.6
+7.9

5.04
3.67

4.89
3.71

4.49
3.68

4.59
3.72

4.53
3.70

4.36
3.56

4 57
3.54

—1 3
-0.5

—0 9
+4.5

22, 868

20, 025

36, 790

28, 403

5,338

21, 947

52, 116

-81.2

-89.8

518, 089

298, 680 -42.3

8,720
4,148

4, 295
4,800

24, 660
4, 556

16, 108
8, 385

950
188

9,970
5,590

4,460
32, 955

-94.1
-97.8

-78.7

194, 510
178, 329

113, 500 -41.6
77, 438 -56.6

o 7
-2.9:

i
""

2, 275

7,485

2,390

105

200

3, 252

530

+90.5

-62.3

49, 758

4,760
2,900
1, 885

10, 845
700
2,200

24, 860
1,175
1,582

9, 875
9, 995
1,588

880

4,785
2,200
3,145

2,510
400
270

-91.1

-64.9

-86.5

-20.4

162, 671
34, 560
30, 279

8 184, 997
8 2, 931

8154,415
• 3, 032

+16.7
-1.6

+19.8
-3.3

8 107, 747
82,419
8 25. 25

8 102, 457
8 1, 748
8 23. 95

+5.2
+3.8
+33.9 +38.4
-0.1 +5.4

8 450, 170
8 5, 250

8 451, 603
8 5, 426

-0.7
-3.2

-0.3
-3.2

.309
.052
.139
.401
.268
.193

4.85
.039
.052
.139
.401
.268
.193

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
+0.5

•" 1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

215

+6.1

52, 805

98, 185 -39.6
25, 230 -27.0
15, 652 -48.3

Corporation Stockholders
(Quarterly}
Pennsylvania Railroad Co.:
Domestic
number
Foreign
number
U. S. Steel Corp. common stock:
Domestic
number
Foreign
.number..
Shares held by brokers
per ct. of total-American Telephone & Telegraph Co.:
Domestic
number
Foreign
number. .

8 158, 456
82,978
» 103, 805
9 1, 807
9 25. 27
8 453, 434
8
5, 425

FOREIGN EXCHANGE BATES
Europe:
England
France
Italy
Belgium
Netherlands.
Sweden
Switzerland
Asia:
Japan
India
America:
Canadian
Argentina
Brazil
Chile

...

dolls per £ sterling
dolls, per franc..
dolls per lira
dolls, per franc..
.dolls, per guilder-dolls, per krone-dolls, per franc. .

4. 85
.039
.052
.139
.40?
.267
.193

4.85
.039
.052
.139
.402
.268
.192

4.85
.039
.052
.139
.401
.268
.192

4.85
.039
.052
.139
.401
.268
.192

4. 85
.039
.052
.139
.401
.268
.193

.dolls, per yen-__dolls. per rupee--

4.47
3.62

4.39
3.60

4.56
3.60

4.67
3.60

4.73
3.60

4.51
3.63

4.58
3.63

+1.3
0.0

+3.3
-0.8

dolls per Canadian doll
dolls, per gold peso..
dolls, per milreis
dolls per paper peso

.993
.955
.119
.120

.992
. 953
.119
.120

.995
.954
.119
.120

.994
.954
.119
.121

.992
.953
.119
.121

1.000
.959
.119
.121

1.000
.957
.119
.121

-0.2
-0. 1
0.0
0.0

-0.8 i
-0.4
0.0
0.0

400, 149

353, 400 5 352, 981

369, 530

351, 365

346, 715

319, 618

-4.9

+9.9

of dolls
of dolls
of dolls..
of dolls
of dolls

113, 790
13, 954
20, 626
10, 374
29, 753

106, 427
13, 267
19, 328
10, 608
25, 378

115,145
14. 577
22, 806
8,485
27, 970

109, 783
14, 026
22, 742
7,657
25, 891

• 6107, 793
15,075
« 521, 023
6, 876
* 27, 535

102, 315
13, 783
18, 661
6,548
26, 373

6 805, 141
6 98, 553
6 143, 954
6 63, 529
6
231, 282

6 880, 382 +9.3
6109,268 +10.9
6 171, 568 +19.2
e 72, 755 +14.5
6 223, 467

thous. of dolls
thous. of dolls. _

92, 363
44, 330

81,898
44, 292

79, 974
44, 671

82, 401
43, 909

s 78, 216
• 43, 254

76, 926
42, 209

6 645, 309
6 317, 121

8 684, 157
6 335, 989

__ thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls

53, 628
9,172

50, 740
8,342

46, 630
7,416

51,611
7,791

551,043
5 8, 975

37, 560
6,313

6 399, 063
6 74, 120

6 442, 669 +10.9
678,484 +5.9

thous. of dolls
130, 059
107, 848
thous. of dolls
33, 828
32, 483
thous. of dolls..
10, 308
6,488
6
Cumulative through Aug. 31,

104, 963
5 28, 883
7,437

1

U. S. FOREIGN TRADE
Imports
Grand total
By grand divisions:
EuropeTotal
France
Germany
Italv
United Kingdom
North America—
Total
Canada
South America —
Total
Argentina
Asia and OceaniaTotal
Japan
Africa, total
8 He vised.

thous. of dolls..
thous,
thous.
__thous.
thous.
thous.




8

114, 595
« 6100, 880
97, 554
40, 256
38, 993
33, 741
11, 140
8,782
5.263
Quarter ending in month indicated.

3, 070, 113

3, 360, 247

+9.5

+6.0
+5.9

6 921, 070 +10.4
6 270, 870 +8.1
6 81. 193 +25.5
» Period ending July 31,1929.
e 834, 296
6 250, 581
664,711

48

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939

The cumulatives shown are through
September, except where otherwise
noted. Earlier data for items shown
here may be found on pages 27 to 138
of the August, 1929, "Survey"

May

June

PEE CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

August

July

September

August

SepSep;ember, tember,
1929,
Septem1929,
from
from
ber
SepAugust, tember,
1929
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH SEPT. 30

1938

1939

1, 194, 877

Perct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

U. S. FOREIGN TEADE— Continued
Imports— Continued
By economic classes:
Crude materials __
_thous. of dolls .
Foodstuffs, crude, and
food animals
thous. of dolls .
Manufactured foodstuffs... thous. of dolls. .
Semimanufactures
thous. of dolls
Finished manufactures
thous. of dolls. _

141, 697

120, 724

5119,038

125, 719

122, 080

122, 186

110, 289

46, 561
42, 290
85, 917
83, 684

40, 955
36, 527
75, 557
79, 637

42, 957
32, 990
6
71, 604
86, 392

39, 527
35, 559
79,464
89, 262

40, 700
32, 327
70, 196
86, 062

45, 940
30, 060
66, 337
82, 192

37, 207
33, 771
63, 455
74, 906

384, 850

393, 293

403, 360

5 381, 365

442, 000

» 379, 006

421,607

146, 025
13,248
23, 927
9,771
54, 431

153, 988
14, 603
21, 261
12, 642
52,824

161, 005
15, 795
24, 634
8,667
56, 889

160, 756
17, 095
26, 370
6,764
58, 340

s 149, 216
15, 167
24, 579
» 9, 956
5 52, 827

192, 840
20, 049
46, 298
14, 275
59, 182

132, 897
97, 905

115, 658
80, 481

116, 845
79, 736

112,012
77, 338

5 118, 041
5 84, 963

115, 500
87, 139

6 857, 503
6 592, 868

6 953, 237 +11.2
6 659, 264 +11.2

35, 852
13, 886

49, 690
20, 464

49, 312
20,500

39, 441
17, 363

s 43, 767
17, 348

33, 805
11,457

6 305, 236
6 114, 253

6 376, 755 +23. 4
6 145, 973 +27.8

61, 535
17, 380
8,541

61, 667
16, 966
12, 289

63, 374
58, 610
15, 005
11, 507
12, 824 . 10, 546

5 59, 971
15, 517
8,011

71,917
27, 542
7,544

6 500, 655
6 156, 426
6 72, 973

6 545, 089 +8.9
6 153, 052 -2.2
690,499 +24.0

376, 919
57, 407

5 386, 811
56, 130

« 393, 838 5 374, 845
s 50, 015
50, 893

-2.9

+10.7

1, 122, 851

+3.0 +9.4
-9.1 -4.3
-11.7 +10.6
-3.6 +14.9

417, 960
310, 544
557, 761
661, 008

+4.8

3, 557, 586

+6.4

409, 680 -2.0
353. 479 +13.8
675, 988 +21.2
744, 224 +12.6

Exports
Grand total, including
reexports
- thous. of dolls _
By grand division:
EuropeTotal _
thous. of dolls .France
- thous. of dolls
Germany
thous. of dolls. .
Italy
thous. of dolls
United Kingdom
thous, of dolls _.
North AmericaTotal
thous. of dolls..
Canada
thous. of dolls..
South America—
Total
thous. of dolls
Argentina
thous. of dolls..
Asia and OceaniaTotal
- thous. of dolls _
Japan
thous. of dolls. .
Africa, total
.thous. of dolls..
By economic classes:
Total domestic exports only.thous. of dolls..
Crude materials
thous. of dolls
Foodstuffs, crude and
food animals
thous. of dolls .
Manufactured foodstuffs- --thous. of dolls..
Semimanufactures
thous. of dolls
Finished manufactures
thous. of dolls. .
Agricultural exports (quantities) :
All commodities
rel. to 1910-1914. _
All commodities except
cotton
rel. to 1910-1914.

21, 212
35, 922
59, 662
202, 717

14, 534
20, 259
34, Oil
5 35, 840
5 62, 119 5 60, 529
220, 018 « 227, 195

6

+15.9

3, 407, 240

-4.2

61,399,810 6 1,441, 659
6 133, 591 e 155,481
6 252, 709 6 231, 224
6 98, 721
694,670
e 489, 780 6 517, 441

+3.0
+16. 4
-8.5
-4.1
+5.6

+4.2
-6.6

3, 482, 321
770, 827

3, 779, 436
697, 339

+5.3 -29.3
+10.5 +14.6
+1.6 +13.5
-5.1 +15.5

183, 034
323, 122
537, 329
1, 668, 008

205, 590 +12.3
351, 507 +8.8
558, 294 +3.9
1, 966, 706 +17.9

432, 319
112, 247

371,312
52, 375

414, 859 +15.3
120, 188 +120. 6

528,438
5 37, 113
5
57, 053
201, 347

29, 953
40, 995
57, 948
191, 177

29, 310
34, 749
55, 873
199, 005

42, 363
35, 761
51, 077
165, 469

79

69

70

76

121

75

138

+59.2

-12.3

122

102

117

132

143

126

168

+8.3

-14.9

125, 615
109, 436

111,949
114, 492

114, 201
105, 686

111,631
98, 395

99, 380
89,424

114, 175
113, 904

106, 066
111, 856

+8.5
-9.5

CANADIAN FOREIGN TRADE
Total trade:
Imports
Exports




.

thous. of dolls
thous. of dolls

Revised.

-11.0
-6.3
-9.1 -20.1

o Cumulative through Aug. 31.

912, 267
926, 839

989, 584
883, 215

+8.5
-4.7

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,
-jppoEpipfled' Jn, ^ ^
iion^of instrun^e^t u"se4 to indicate ^o la^radio bperator course
$ v AgricuKiri&. Forest Service. /C[dntajn^ tables shoeing r
during time of \operatioxi ot station .and as
x> _ti__ig 'pf^ cV<?ssfies ^tnd ^p^Ies tiy, raijroad^ and purciiase^ ipf latd out in s^aceca$bi:atioiLf Price $$.
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JLD pages, price uji.^ '*-'*,, T v ' . ^ ^ ' "• 1', ' ^ '
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hufactiife and Sale of Farm Equipment, 1928.—Contains
ishjbwin^ kip(}^' ^n<|^ ^nS^ukf of ^arni ^(|uipi^Bnt n^ajqfu*
Coal- washing Investigations: Methods and Tests, &^ H. F.
i^d ^nd^ ^ol4 in, ^Jte4 ^t^tes during 192S. Paper^i yId
Yaneey and Thoinas'Fa^aser.^Bulletin 3QOt; y|ii-f259^ages, 11
, |>ric6 5$* ^ f, -M, ^',- \ r ' /•'' . ," >- ^ ^ ' "\ ' ' ' \ '
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ality Statis^cl^ 19^? Pa# !I, Text an4 TS0xt( Tables.—' illusl, £ plates^ 3j5 .charts.' Kepofct on |n iBveistigatic)n teto ,
t^bfes irfth^kpjanatery tjcxt.regarding^tiea^lvsv s^nd factors affecting wa^abtiity of coaj[t and pfoce?se$ used/ with a
|es^ih; United §tia,tes,djqTing 1926^ ,lfaper;, i^S ,t>ages, classification ofcoals by forms p)f inipuMties. Price,
^17j;ii4-lS;

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"Financial Statistics oMCfttes Having a Population df 6y^r
30,000, ,192^^—Preseht& fdata shoeing financial tr^rlsaotions
" " A ^^ * **~ '^ s^ eontiueiital United States
aikd c% a|id county of Hoaolitilu, -Hawaii. .Cloth, &($ pagfefe,,
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192?.—Eepdrts^
3r by States!
ao^ Preserving,
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^aper, i
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Salmon-tagging Experiments in Alaska; 1027 aji4 1928»' oy
Willis fi. Eich Hnd predericl^G. Mortonu^Potument NO.
(Fronv Bulletin o| Bureau of Fishe^, . vol. XtV, ^929, !pp.
V 1-43, % illus.) / Price, 1Q£ ''>' \\*'*^ - , > ' ^ , K'V\ ; " ' • x ; f
^ Fishing .^rortndss af Qulf if Paine, by Walters H/!Rl(jh'A- .
Dpctimeiit ISTo, 1059; (Appendix, III to',Report of IT. S. Cora* i
, in&sidner of JBIsheries for 1920/pp. 51-117^5 maps;)- Description, of fishing grbundgxoff coast oi M^iine 2i*nd kinds of fish
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Tide Tables, United States- an.4
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for Year
19|iO,—^Serial Ko. 439; 479 pages. (ContSns Mble$ shdwing
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6y^ry day
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Superintendence of commercial marine and merchant seamen.
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