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MONTHLY SUPPLEMENT TO COMMERCE REPORTS

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
WASHINGTON

SURVEY OF
CURRENT BUSINESS
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS

:

COMPILED BY
BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE

No. 15

NOVEMBER

: : BUREAU OF STANDARDS

1922

CONTENTS
Summary for September
Business indicators (diagrams and table)
Wholesale price comparisons (diagrams and table)
Business conditions in September (text and diagrams)
Indexes of production and marketing
Trend of business movements (table)
Detailed tables:
Textiles (Tables 1 to 8)
Metals (Tables 9 to 16)
Fuels (Tables 17 to 21)
Automobiles and rubber (Tables 22 to 24)
Hides and leather (Tables 25 to 28)
Paper (Tables 29 to 34)

Page.
1
2
4
7
22
25
48
56
64
69
72
76

Detailed tables—Continued.
Page.
Building construction and materials (Tables 35 to 51)
82
Chemicals and fats and oils (Tables 52 to 59)
99
Foodstuffs and tobacco (Tables 60 to 80)
107
Transportation (Tables 81 to 86)
128
Distribution movements (Tables 87 to 92)
134
Labor and price indices (Tables 93 to 101)
140
Banking and finance (Tables 102 to 115)
148
Foreign exchange and trade of United States (Tables 116
to 122)
162
Trade and industry of foreign countries (Tables 123 to 134). 169
World crop production
181
Sources of data
183
Index
187

SUMMARY FOR SEPTEMBER.
On the whole, industrial activity in September was
maintained at about the same level as in other recent
months. Figures reported to this department show
that, with the resumption of coal mining and the settlement of the railroad strike, there has been increased
activity in many industries. Reports also indicate
that the consumptive demand for merchandise has
been greatly stimulated by the cooler weather and
more settled conditions.
Since the settlement of the strike, bituminous coal
production has remained relatively steady at about
10,000,000 tons per week. This rate of production,
while more than sufficient for current consumption,
does not permit the accumulation of the necessary reserves against the demand of colder weather. Bituminous production is clearly limited by the transportation facilities. Anthracite production is averaging
about 2,000,000 tons per week and is capable of but
little further expansion.
The railroad situation is becoming more and more
the key to industrial activity. In addition to the
shortage of cars for coal, reports indicate that the
movement of crops, building material, and other products is being delayed. Freight-car loadings are the
largest since the fall of 1920. The net available sur15566°—22- •- 1




plus of idle freight cars, which a few months ago
amounted to hundreds of thousands of cars, has completely disappeared, and in its place the railroads report a shortage of more than 100,000 cars beyond
those available to supply the demand.
Iron and steel production recovered somewhat in
September from the low point reached in August, although it is not yet back to the level of a few months
ago. Unfilled orders of the United States Steel Corporation continued to increase, reaching a total of
6,692,000 tons at the end of September. The prices
of all iron and steel products rose sharply last month.
Cotton consumption declined slightly in September,
but the total of 495,344 bales is still above the monthly
average for this year. Exports of cotton remained at
an abnormally low level.
Many movements, including building construction,
automobile production, and certain foodstuffs, are
showing the effects of seasonal conditions.
Prices remained relatively steady, with advances in
some groups offset by declines in others.
Employment conditions continued to improve.
More men were employed in New York and Wisconsin
state factories last month than at any time since
November, 1920.

BUSINESS INDICATORS.
[1913 monthly average=100. See explanation on inside front cover.]

1921

COTTON CONSUMPTION.

BITUMINOUS COAL PRODUCTION.

PIG-IRON PRODUCTION.
1920

1922

1920

1921

1920

1922

800

1921

1922

800
!

GO
O

I

V:
\*"\ J /

r^^Ss

ss

k

m

Z

J \

.

k—r
_i—1_
I A //
l

60

NUMBERS

§

A

8

NUMBERS

400

V

^

g °°
2

40

1

^V—j^s^V
\
\ /

60.

j

40

20

20

ID

1920

1.000

1921

BANK CLEARINGS OUTSIDE NEW YORK
CITY (VALUES).

EXPORTS (VALUES).

NET FREIGHT TON-MILES.
1922

(920

400

1922

600

1

NUMBERS
1^—I

8

1

2 60
Q
2 60

v

8

600
4OQ

1921

800

NUMBERS

800

2 80
Z

40

en

40

20

20

(0

it)

DEFAULTED LIABILITIES (VALUES),

WHOLESALE PRICES.
1920

1920

1921

1921

PRICE OF 25 INDUSTRIAL STOCKS.
1922

>920

1922
800

800
firvn

!
400

ft

X

-

ft

.

W
r

20

°

Z

1 W

I

2 8°

j

f -

100

5 80
? 60
40

40

f
20

20

10




^

g 200

I

a

8

NUMBERS

400

in

I92J

1922

BUSINESS INDICATORS.
The following table gives comparative index numbers for a selected list of important business movements. It is believed that this
table will prove useful, because it separates out from the large mass of material a comparatively small number of items which are often
regarded as indicative of business in general.
The table has been divided into two parts, the first containing those items for which index numbers can be calculated, using 1913 as
a base. The second part contains items for which comparable data back to 1913 are not available. This latter group of index numbers
is calculated by letting the 1919 monthly average equal 100. Care should therefore be exercised in comparing the absolute value of the
two sets of data. In either group, however, the upward or downward trend of the index numbers, compared to previous months, does
reflect the present tendency in each item and will give a basis for business judgment.
1921

MONTHLY AVERAGE.

1922

COMMODITY.

1919

1920

1921

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May. June.

July. Aug.

Sept

71
100
99
2
56
225
109
127
109

79
108
94
65
103
219
103

101

113

1913 monthly average-100.
Production:
Pig iron
Steel Ingots
Copper
Anthracite coal
Bituminous coal
Crude petroleum
Cotton (consumption)
Beef
Pork
Unfilled orders:
Steel Corporation
Stocks:
Crude petroleum
Cotton (mills and warehouses)
Prices:
Wholesale index, all commodities
(Dept. Labor)
Retail food (Dept. Labor)
Retail coal, bitum. (Dept. Labor)..
Farm crops (Dept. Agriculture) >...
Farmlive stock (Dept. Agriculture).
Business finances:
Defaulted liabilities
Price 25 industrial stocks
Price 25 railroad stocks
Banking:
Bank clearings, New York City
Bank clearings, outside N. Y. City..
Commercial paper interest rate...
Distribution:
Imports (value)
Exports (value)
Sales, mail-order houses
Transportation:
Freight, net ton-miles

99
87
189
85
109
116

37
52
21
98
89
198
97
118
94

53
21
97
90
176
101
119
87

49
73
24
103
112
172
103
125
99

55
75
22
93
92
183
109
114
118

64
65
18
81
79
203
106
99
133

64
72
25
82
94
208
109
111
144

64
79
37
89
103
197
98
98
123

79
107
61
115
126
225
108
119
118

81
111
75
(»)
40
216
93
106
105

170

90

77

77

73

72

72

72

70

76

86

105
164

109
155

152
183

162
144

165
172

166
206

170
223

177
223

187
203

199
188

211
171

224
151

234
128

244
105

249
87

259

260
138

206
186
147
234
198

226
203
207
238
168

147
153
197
109
107

142
155
193
108
113

141
153
193
110
101

142
153
192
104
98

141
152
190
98
92

140
150
189
97
91

138
142
182
98
95

141
142
179
105
108

142
139
179
112
117

143
139
177
115
115

148
139
175
118
118

150
141
175
119
119

155
142

155
139

153
140

118
119

114
112

110
109

42
182
75

108
184
67

230
136
64

121
64

163
127
65

234
130
64

235
136

385
140
66

325
143
65

320
149

315
153
70

322
163
74

195
166
76

168
166
74

176
170
77

177
178
82

162
184
83

216
94

257
248
127

205
191
113

185
181
103

199
187
102

203
200
97

213
192
90

234
203

219
190
85

195
166
84

237
200
83

238
191
79

244
205
74

255
210
70

233
201
65

215
202

219
209
72

218
319
264

294
331
264

140
181
188

130
177
159

120
157
188

126
166

141
142
211

159
143
217

145
135
175

144
121
161

171
156
211

145
150
196

149
194

174
161
174

169
14ft
154

181
146
157

155
153
190

121

137

105

111

113

134

107

94

104

120

90

102

106

100
111
105

152
108
131
120

119
135
99
97
116
178
117
121
111

101

54

90
123
90
()
*
51
224
103
124
133

92
119
93
1
56
220
105
125
149

94
113
89
2
43
225
95
119
117

95

111

1919 monthly average =1OO.
Production:
Lumber *
Building contracts (floor space)
Stocks:
Beef
Pork
Business finances:
Bond prices index (40 issues)
Banking:
Debits to individual accounts, outside New York City
Federal Reserve, bills discounted...
Federal Reserve, total reserves

100
100

100
72

85
69

94
76

92
89

97
87

98
81

89
76

90
65

95
64

103
111

108
125

126
128

132
130

122
111

130
116

100
100

70
97

43
85

27
85

25
61

27
45

33
43

35
51

33
60

31
67

29
74

27
76

24
83

21
94

20
91

20
81

100

86

87

86

88

87

90

93

102

102

104

107

108

108

109

111

100
100
100

118
132
97

91
91
122

85

89
72
131

95
68
134

85
66
137

100
61
137

95
44
140

84

99
33
142

94
30
143

92
29

98
24

93

143

14
4

90
21
146

77
127

37
11
4

20
15
4

126
95

94
22
146

» Monthly prices are for the 15th of the month indicated.
1
Based on the total computed production reported by 5 associations. Includes southern pine, Douglas fir, western pine, North Carolina pine, and Michigan hard
and soft woods. The total production of these associations in 1919 was equal to 11,190,000,000 board feet, compared with a total lumber production for the country of
14,662,000,000 board feet reported by the census.
s Less than 1.




COMPARISON OF PRESENT WHOLESALE PRICES WITH PEAK AND PRE-WAR.
(Relative prices 1913=100.)
200

WHEAT.

CNOEX NUMBERS
300
400

FARM PRODUCTS. PR ICE TO PRODUCER

y//A^///yy//y///////////A

CORN*

V///////////////////////////A

POTATOES

v////////////^//y////////y^^

COTTON

W/7////////////Zft

COTTON SEED.
7P7P77X

WOOL
CATTLE. BEEF.
HOGS
LAMBS
WHEAT. SPRING
WHEAT. WINTER
CORN. NO, 2
OATS
BARLEY
RYE. NO. 2
TOBACCO. BURLEY
COTTON. MIDDLING
WOOL. OHIO. UNWASHED.
CATTLE. STEERS
HOGS. HEAVY
SHEEP. EWES
SHEEP. LAMBS
FLOUR. SPRING
FLOUR. WINTER.
SUGAR. RAW
SUGAR. GRANULATED
COTTONSEED OIL
BEEF. CARCASS
BEEF. STEER. ROUNDS
PORK, LOINS
COTTON YARN
COTTON. PR I NT CLOTH
COTTON. SHEETING
WORSTED YARN
WOMEN'S DRESS GOODS
SUITINGS
SILK. RAW
HIDES. PACKER'S
'HIDES. CALFSKINS
LEATHER,SOLE
LEATHER. CHROME
BOOTS AND SHOES (BOSTON)
COAL. BITUMINOUS
COAL. ANTHRACITE
COKE
PETROLEUM
PIG IRON. FOUNDRY
PIG IRON. BASIC
STEEL BILLETS. BESSEMER
COPPER

WEZZ&

LEAD
TIN.

*

ZINC
BUtLDING fy/fATERIALS
'LUMBER. PINE. SOUTHERN
LUMBER. DOUGLAS FIR
BRICK. COMMON. NEW YORK
BRICK. COMMON. CHICAGO
CEMENT
STEEL BEAMS
RUBBER. CRUDE
•SULPHURIC ACID




PEAK PRICE

• • • • P R I C E

IN SEPT 1922

PEAK PRICE SAME AS LATEST

WHOLESALE PRICE COMPARISONS.—MAXIMUM PRICE COMPARED TO PRICE IN RECENT MONTHS.
NOTE.—Prices to the producer on farm products are from U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates. All other prices are from U. 8,
Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, except market price of wool compiled by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign ana Domestic Commerce,

As far as possible all quotations represent prices to the producer or at the mill. See diagram on opposite page.

COMMODITIES.

Date and maximum
relative price.

July,
1922.

Aug.,
1922.

Sept.,
1922.

Per cent
increase
(+) or decrease (—)
in Sept.
from A u g .

Relative price.

(1913average=100.)

Farm products—Average price to producer:
Wheat
Corn.
Potatoes
Cotton
Cottonseed..
Wool
Cattle, beef..
Hogs
Lambs
Farm products—Market price:
Wheat, No. 1, northern, spring (Chicago)
Wheat, No. 2, red, winter (Chicago)
Corn, contract grades, No. 2, cash (Chicago)
Oats, contract grades, cash (Chicago)
Barley, fair to good, malting (Chicago)
Rye, No. 2, cash (Chicago)
Tobacco, burley, good leaf, dark red (Louisville)
Cotton, middling upland (New York)
Wool, unwashed, fine (Ohio)
Cattle,steers, good to choice, corn fed (Chicago)
Hogs, heavy (Chicago.)
Sheep, ewes (Chicago)
Sheep, lambs (Chicago)
Food:
Flour, standard patents (Minneapolis)
Flour, winter straights (Kansas City)
Sugar, 96° centrifugal (New York)
Sugar, granulated, in barrels (New York)
Cottonseed oil, prime summer yellow (New York)
Beef, fresh carcass good native steers (Chicago)
Beef, fresh steer rounds No. 2 (Chicago)
Pork, loins, fresh (Chicago)
Clothing:
Cotton yarns, carded, white, northern, mule spun, 22-1 cones (Boston)
Cotton, print cloth, 27 inches, 64 x 60-7.60 yards to pound (Boston)
Cotton, sheeting, brown, 4/4 Ware Shoals L. L. (New York)
Worsted yarns: 2/32's crossbred stock, white, in skein (Boston)
Women's dress goods, storm serge, all-wool, double warp, 50 inches (New York)
Suitings, wool, dyed blue, 55-56 inches, 16-ounce Middlesex (Boston)
Silk, raw Japanese, Kansai No. 1 (New York)
Hides, green salted, packer's, heavy native steers (Chicago)
Hides, calfskins, No. 1, country, 8 to 15 pounds (Chicago)
Leather, sole, hemlock, middle, No. 1 (Boston)
Leather, chrome calf, dull or bright, " B " grades (Boston)
Boots and shoes, men's black calf, blucher (Massachusetts)
Men's dress weit tan calf (St. Louis)
Fuels:
Coal, bituminous, Pittsburgh, mine run—Kanawha (Cincinnati)
Coal, anthracite, chestnut (New York tidewater)
Coke, Connellsville (range of prompt and future) furnace—at ovens
Petroleum, crude, Kansas-Oklahoma—at wells
Metals:
Pig iron, foundry No. 2, northern (Pittsburgh)
Pig iron, basic, valley furnace
Steel billets, Bessemer (Pittsburgh)
Copper ingots, electrolytic, early delivery (New York)..
Lead, pig, desilverized, for early delivery (New York)
Tin, pig, for early delivery (New York)
Zinc, slab, western, early delivery (New York)
Building materials and miscellaneous:
Lumber, pine, southern, yellowflooring,l x 4 , " B " and better (Hattiesburg district).
Lumber, Douglas fir, No. 1, common, s 1 s, 1 x 8 x 10 (State of Washington)
Brick, common red, domestic building (New York)
Brick, common building, salmon, run of kiln (Chicago)
Cement, Portland, net without bags to trade, f. o. b. plant (Chicago district)
Steel beams, mill (Pittsburgh)
Rubber, Para Island, fine (New York)
Sulphuric acid, G6 degrees (New York)




June,
July,
June,
July,
May,
July,
May,
July,
Apr.,

1920
1920
1920
1920
1920
1918
1919
1919
1920

326
300
706
312
321
344
183
256
239

123
104
192
173
169
195
98
122
157

111
101
147
176
149
189
93
114
154

114
100
117
167
116
189
92
110
155

+ 2.7
- 1.0
-20.4
- 5.1
-22.1
0.0
- 1.1
- 3.5
+ 0.6

May, 1920
May, 1920
Sept., 1917
June, 1920
Mar., 1918
Mar., 1918
Mar., 1919
Apr., 1920
Mar., 1920
Mar., 1919
July, 1919
Apr., 1918
Feb., 1920

354
302
331
296
325
451
352
331
350
218
266
319
263

142
117
103
99
103
135
208
175
218
114
121
117
163

129
107
100
89
91
114
208
171
218
122
104
114
160

124
109
102
102
94
112
208
108
218
120
110
105
167

- 3.9
+ 19
.
+ 2.0
+ 14.0
+ 3.3
- 1.8
0.0
- 1.8
0.0
+ 3.3
+ 5.8
- 7.9
+ 4.4

May, 1920
May, 1917
May, 1920
May, 1920
July, 1919
Sept., 1920
July, 1920
Sept., 1919

328
363
598
526
374
201
211
254

170
162
147
154
147
114
130
160

153
144
148
158
136
120
125
173

138
139
138
140
117
120
114
191

- 9.8
- 3.5
-6.8
- 7.6
-14.0
0.0
- 8.8
+ 10.4

May, 1920
Apr., 1920
May, 1920
Jan., 1920
Oct., 1918
July, 1920
Jan., 1920
Aug., 1919
Aug., 1919
Mar. 1917
Nov., 1919
Mar., 1920
Aug., 1919

348
478
427
289
292
291
466
283
490
211
473
308
292

166
191
172
180
145
198
194
99
99
124
161
209
145

170
188
174
180
145
213
195
109
97
124
161
209
145

167
191
170
187
145
213
210
116
97
124
173
205
152

+
+
+

Sept., 1922
Oct., 1921
Aug., 1920 ,
Mar., 1920

330
201
637
375

441
206

525
134

450
134

-13.1
0.0

July, 1917 i
Sept., 1920 !
July, 1917 !
Mar., 1917 j
June, 1917
May, 1918 j
June, 1915 |

346
330
388
230
261
224
386

163
165
136
87
131
70
103

202
181
140
87
133
72
113

229

+ 13.4
+ 22.7
+ 9.3
0.0

Feb., 1920 I
Jan., 1920 i
Feb., 1920 \
Oct., 1920 j
Sept., 1920 j
June, 1917
Jan., 1913
Feb., 1916

455
407
381
251
195
331
124
250

196
158
307
186
158
109
21
71

200
179
290
177
163
116
22
70

215
212
255
178
173
137
21
74

+
+

+
+

1.8
16
.
11
.
3.9
0.0
0.0
7.7
6.4
0.0
0.0
7.5
1.9
4.8

+ 11.3

302

153
87
140
72
118

0.0
+ 4.4
+ 7.5
+18.4
-12.1
+ 0.0
+ 61
.
+ 18.1
- 4.5
+ 5.7




COMPARISON OF WHOLESALE AND RETAIL FOOD PRICE INDEX NUMBERS.
WITH INDEX OF ALL COMMODITIES AT WHOLESALE.
{V* S. Department of Labor Index.)
1916

I9i7

1918

1919

1920

1921

j F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A 8 O N D J F M A M J J A S O N O j F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J P M A M J J A S Q N D J »

1922
r

M A M J J

A S O N D

BUSINESS CONDITIONS IN SEPTEMBER.
The following pages present a review by principal
industries of the more important statistics shown in
the table on the "Trend of business movements" and
in the detailed tables which make up the bulk of this
number. Summaries of production, stocks, sales, and
price changes are also given.
PRODUCTION.

Production on the whole remained relatively stationary during September, with advances in some
commodities offset by declines in others. Furthermore, with the beginning of the fall months there
was a seasonal slackening in the output of many commodities. On the basis of the number of increases or
decreases in production without reference to the commodity or the extent of change, the September record
is less favorable than for other recent months.
Of the 52 commodities for which September production figures are available on a 1919 base, 18 showed
increases over August, 30 declined, and 4 remained
the same. During the month of August, of these
same commodities, 39 advanced, 12 declined, and 1
showed no change. The increases in September were
largely in the foodstuffs, fuel, and metal groups, while
building materials, paper, automobiles, etc., contained many declines, a large number of which are
distinctly seasonal movements.

Compared with September a year ago, there were
48 advances, 3 declines, and 1 without change. The
declines occurred in oleomargarine and cottonseed-oil
production and in anthracite coal. Comparison with
the 1919 average shows 32 advances and 20 declines.
In connection with a comparison of productive
activity, it is of interest to note the figures on the per
cent of full-time capacity operations so far reported
for a few industries in connection with the 1921 census
of manufactures. The 1921 schedule asked the manufacturers to report the per cent of full-time capacity
operation on which their plants were run in 1921.
These figures, weighted with the value of the products
of each firm, are being averaged for each industry.
Up to the time of writing reports have been issued for
26 industries, the value of whose products totaled
$2,865,481,717 in 1921 and $4,353,476,309 in 1919.
Compared to the value of all manufactured products
in 1919 of $62,418,078,773, these industries represent
approximately 7 per cent of the total. Although too
small to be of any particular significance, the average
of the full-time capacity operation of these industries
weighted with the 1921 value of their products is
equal to 58.9 per cent. The table at the top of the
next page gives the list of these industries W-ih their
1921 operating percentages and the value of their
products in the two census years.

COURSE OF PRODUCTION SINCE 1919.
RELATIVE PRODUCTION (1919=100).

Maxi-!Minimummum 1920
since since
end end
of
of
1919. 1919.

RELATIVE PRODUCTION (1919=109),

Maxi- Minim u m m u m 1920 1921
since since
Aug., Sept., 4g Sept.,
end end aver- aver- 1921. 1921. 1*22. 1922.
age.
of
of
1919. 1919.

1921 Aug., Sept., Aug.
1921. 1921. 1922.

FOODSTUFFS:

LUMBER:

Wheat flour
Beef products
Pork products
Lamb and mutton
Sugar (meltings)
Oleomargarine
Cottonseed oil
Condensed milk
Butter
Cheese
Ice cream
Corn products

82
92
93
80
104
103
100
76
99
86
111

91
83
97
94
92
60
164
71
120
85
110
90

120
90
78
101
127
61
45
88
151
105
171
107

120
90
73
103
81
61
153
73
121
90
139
113

111
97
91
85
166
40
20
95
201
127
207
104

109
82

64
67
58
58
40
26
7
20
64
41
41
38

125
109
151
110
178
126
340
121
201
169
468
135

87
79

90

93
80

102
70
102

CLOTHING:

Cotton (consumption)
Sole leather
Boots and shoes

114
95
U08

FUELS:

Anthracite coal
Bituminous coal
Beehive coke
By-product coke
Crude petroleum
Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas and fuel
Lubricating oil
Electric power

119
137
127
3 123
148
173
110
151
135
125

()
4
1
1
1
3 62
112
98
71
93
89

101
121
110
122
117
123
99
146
124
113

30
79
124
130
83
127
104
105

102
90
16
66
130
131
74
123
94
105

97
92
18
68
116
126
79
124
98
104

34
86
148
167
94
149
126
125

113

TOBACCO: 4

Cigars
Cigarettes4
Manufactured tobacco <

1

107
38
107
143




Mechanical wood pulp
Chemical wood pulp
Newsprint
Book paper
Wrapping paper
Paper board
Fine paper
Corrugated paper boxes 6 ..
Solid fiber paper boxes 5 . . .

STONE, CLAY,
PRODUCTS:

125

132
140
3 94
126
129
181

119
121
94
105
100

54
57
37
47
95
113

37
46
20
38
85
131

39
48
20
38
89
79

71
90
94
82
118
145

97
89
87
113
126

128
144
119

112
84
94

96
96
91

106
116
104

104
108

109
144
117

106
125
105

Since November, 1921.
* Less than 1.

94
121
98

104
93
92

272
174
130
122
120
161
120
273
130

8
57
44
27
28
21
33
42
47

121
122
102
89
82
105
91
106
103

78
109
79
60
59
88
57
123
83

143
134
88
44
56
57
76
156
84

143
138
116
126
130
135
121
142
142

55
64
69
64
77
65
55
30
18

109
117
110
121
120
119
113
104
104

87
79
89
79
94
85
71
65

61
75
89
78
97
85
66

130
127
132
«174
124

13
43
34
»61
48

106
120
100
125
104

40
63
100
122
69

27
52
118
153
50

238
235
200
130

65
86
80
30

149
112
110
72

120
127
122

163
135
134
76

6 190
«99
135
79

•51
«32

114
102

70
106

AND SAND

Silica brick
Clay fire brick.
Face brick
Cement
Glass bottles
BUILDING EQUIPMENT:

Baths, enamel
Lavatories, enamel
SinkSj enamel
Buildings (contracted for).
TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES:

Automobiles, passenger
Motor trucks
Locomotives
Ships

« Since Jan. 1,1921.
As represented by tax-paid withdrawals.

4

131
172
162

PAPER:

METALS:

Pig iron
Steel ingots
Copper
Zinc.
Silver
Gold (receipts)

Yellow pine
Western pine
North Carolina pine
California white and sugar
pine
California redwood
Douglas fir
Michigan hardwoods
Michigan softwoods
Northern hardwoods
Hemlock
Oak flooring
Maple flooring

67

121
50
43
22

6 Relative to last 6 months of 1919.
6 Since July 1,1921.

COMPARISON OF ADVANCE REPORTS PROM 1921 CENSUS OP
MANUFACTURES.

COURSE O F PRODUCTION SINCE 1919.

[Relative monthly production 1919=100.J
IDEX NUMBERS

VALUE OF PRODUCT.

Per cent
full-time
capacity.

WHEAT FLOUR

1921

1919

BEEF PRODUCTS
PORK PRODUCTS

Thousands of dollars.

LAMB AND MUTTON
SUGAR (MELTINGS)
OLEOMARGARINE

Aircraft
Ammunition
Automobiles
Bicycles
Cane sugar refining
Carbon black
Cash register calculating machine
Cast-iron pipe
Chicolate and cocoa products
Cleaning and polishing nee
Cotton lace
Essential oils
Firearms
Glucose and starch
Horseshoes
Locomotives
Motorcycles
Needles, pins, hooks and eyes
Organs
Photographic apparatus
Rubber boots and shoes
Rubber belting and hose
Sand, lime, brick
Typewriters and supplies
Washing machines, clothes wringers.
Windmills
Total

27.6
47.6
58.3
38.0
65.0
87.4
63.4
52.5
80.0
46.5
60.0
56.0
47.5
47.0
69.0
35.0
44.0
69.0
70.0
45.0
66.0
66.6
49.0
54.5
44.9
48.2
|

$6,617
32,263
1,666,140
9,530
469,212
5,533
53,527
43,899
77,931
41,213
25,805
3,271
12,510
80,063
1,932
100,245
13,568
18,896
10,174
5,445
93,626
14,741
1,117
41,621
30,074
6,530

$14,373
88,038
2,387,903
24,497
730,987
3,934
83,539
50,235
139,258
90,038
29,397
5,698
30,181
186,256
3,367
156,270
28,609
29,305
5,973
9,384
116,917
34,211
1,663
52,738
40,771
9,933

;| $2,865,482

$4,353,476

COTTONSEED OIL
CONDENSED

MILK

BUTTER
CHEESE
ICE CREAM
CORN

PRODUCTS

COTTON (CONSUMPTION)
SOLE LEATHER
BOOTS AND SHOES

ANTHRACITE

COAL

BITUMINOUS

COAL

BEEHIVE COKE
BY-PRODUCT COKE
CRUDE PETROLEUM
GASOLINE
KEROSENE
GAS AND FUEL OIL
LUBRICATING OIL
ELECTRIC

POWER

PIG IRON
STEEL INGOT&
COPPER
ZINC
GILVER

COMPARISON OF SEPTEMBER PRODUCTION WITH

[Relative monthly production 1913=100.]
OEX NUMBERS

PRE-WAR.

GOLD (RECEIPTS)
CIGARS
CIGARETTES
MANFD.

TOBACCO

YELLOW PINE
WHEAT FLOUR

WESTERN

PINE

NORTH CAROLINA
BEEF PRODUCTS

CALIFORNIA
PORK PRODUCTS

LAMB.AND

MUTTON

PINE

CALIFORNIA WHITE PINE
REDWOOD

DOUGLAS FIR
MICHIGAN

HARDWOODS

MICHIGAN
OLEOMARGARINE

SOFTWOODS

NORTHERN

HARDWOODS

HEMLOCK
OAK FLOORING
MAPLE

ANTHRACITE COAL

FLOORING

CHEMICAL

WOOD PULP

NEWSPRINT
BITUMINOUS COAL

BOOK PAPER
WRAPPING

BEEHIVE COKE
BY-PRODUCT COKE

PAPER

PAPER BOARD
FINE PAPER
CORRUGATED PAPER BO,

CRUDE PETROLEUM

SOLID FIBER PAPER BOARD
SILICA BRICK

PIG IRON
STEEL-INGOTS".

CLAY FIRE BRICK
FACE BRICK
CEMENT

COPPER
ZINC

GLASS BOTTLES
BATHS. ENAMEL
LAVATORIES. ENAMEL

SILVER

SINKS. ENAMEL
BUILDINGS (CONTRACTED)

GOLD.
AUTOMOBILES. PA
MOTOR TRUCKS
CIGARS

LOCOMOTIVES

CIGARETTES

STOCKS.
NORTHERN
HARDWOODS
OAK FLOORING
CEMENT
BATHS(ENAMEL)
LAVATORIES
(ENAMEL)

LOCOMOTIVES




There was a further tendency for stocks to decline
in September, although a number of seasonal increases
occurred. Of the 42 commodities listed in the accompanying table and for which comparative figures are
available back to 1919, there were 19 increases, 22
decreases, and 1 without change. Compared to a
year ago, there were 14 increases, 27 decreases, and 1
without change. Practically all building materials
show very much smaller stocks than were carried a
year ago.

STOCKS OP COMMODITIES COMPARED WITH

C O U R S E OF COMMODITY STOCKS SINCE

PRE-WAR.

1919.

JRelative stocks 1919=100.]

[Taken at end of each month.]
0

100

200

INDEX NUMBERS
400
600

FOODSTUFFS

RELATIVE STOCKS (1913==100).

BEEF PRODUCTS
PORK PRODUCTS

1921
average. average.

LAMB AND MUTTON"

1922

1921
1920

SUGAR ( RAW )
COTTONSEED OIL

Sept.

Aug.

Sept.

Aug.

WHEAT ( VISIBLE)
WHEAT FLOUR

127
71
89

Wheat (visible)
Corn (visible)
Oats (visible)
Coffee
Crude (total)
Cottonpetroleum...1
Pig iron (merchant)
Zinc.. .
Tin
Oak flooring
Cement2
Tobacco
Flaxseed...

QQ

155
109
38
99
183
258
80
114
33

134
255
270
on
196
152
84
195
127
375
91
131
74

96
161
347

170
158
355

144
162
84
213
95
393
74
3 125
66

172
165
79
200
95
371
62
140
64

154
166
207
en
138
280
20
46
67
235
42
123
12

86
119
220
83
259
21
53
152
234
51
3138
3

CORN ( VISIBLE )
OATS (VISIP'-E)
BUTTER
CHEESE
EGGS
POULTRY
FISH
COFFEE
APPLES
RICE I DOMESTIC)
CLOTHING MATER 1
COTTON ( TOTAL )

* Relative to 1914.

2 Relative to stocks at end of 1913.

FUELS

a J u l y 1.

CRUDE PETROLEUM.
GASOLINE
KEROSENE
GAS AND FUEL 01L.

S T O C K S O F C O M M O D I T I E S S I N C E 1919.

LUBRICAT1NGOIL

[Taken at end of each month.]

PIG IRON(MERCHANT)

ZINC
TIN

RELATIVE STOCKS (1919=100).

YELLOW

Y////////////////777X
PINE

MICHIGAN HARDWOODS

Maxi- Mini- 1920 1921
Aug., Sept., Aug. Sept.,
1922. 1922.
since since aver- aver- 1921.
1919. 1919.

mum

MICHIGAN SOFTWOODS
OAK FLOORING
MAPLE FLOORING
SILICA BRICK
FACE BRICK

FOODSTUFFS:

Beef products
Pork products
Lamb and mutton.
Sugar (raw)
Cottonseed oil
Wheat (visible)
Wheat flour
Corn (visible)
Oats (visible)
Butter
Cheese
Poultry
Fish*
Coffee
Apples
Rice (domestic)

124
129
928
332
321
184
149
1,482
316
174
156
240
156
110
177
391
360

20
38
25
44
12
28
54
108
16
6
28
l
()
30
27
78
50

70
97
183
110
127
89
95
174

82
70
73
146
181
159

43
85
324
157
158
93
76
622
211
81
79
101
72
72
145
162
159

28
85
70
140
27
67
89
392
271
139
121
186
30
77
145

25
61
71
144
85
118
88
385
277
136
117
153
38
88
112
46
85

20
22
81
62
42
40
276
189
92
17
60
107
86
291 *"*405

172
169
139
235
42
52
78
"50

161
145
128
192

136

METALS:

Pig iron (merchant)
Zinc
Tin

Book paper
Wrapping paper
Paper boa
ape board

Fine paper

120

105

51

84

241
189
153
173
162

101
61
106
75
81

104
98
126

145
134
134
151
143

154
120
130
161
150

157
109
124
160
143

247
149
95
177
137

1
2
3

FINEi PAPER
TOBACCO ( T O T A L )

146
247
528

33
58
130

60
108
332

132
212
232

133
231
173

125
216
173

33
58
276

31
50
122

143
108
152
277
222
115
181
276
301
95
! 122
175
215

102
67
80
59
55
81
107
102
29
21
34
41
13

127
72
105
161
103
103
140
170
50
31
53
104
109

129
98
141
234
199
107
153
193
179
78
89
164
149

131
106
148
245
202
100
160
158
116
92
103
171
170

126
105
142
232
187
101
141
132
75
85
102
169
179

119
72
86
146
151
86
102
109
54
42
47
171
83

129
73
101
146
150
89
113
90
50
38
46
175
95

143
138

55
64
71
66
36
70
74

78
63
97
75
48
79
79

108
99
125
115
101
117
101

108
99
113
111
115
116
103

91
126
112
103
108

102
98
83
118
114
110
103

79
116
100
106

WJ&X//A MAXIMUM SINCE 1919
EPT.
2 M I N I M U M SINCE 1019

| 175
131
130
I 132

112
132
1,578

Index number less than 1.
On 15th of month.
Relative to stocks at end of 1919.




PAPER BOARD

248

OTHER AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS:

Tobacco (total)
Flaxseed

CHEMICAL WOOD PULP

OTHER AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

95

PAPER:

Mechanical wood pulp
Chemical wood pulp
Newsprint (at mills)

TURPENTINE
MECHANICAL WOOD PULP

FLAXSEED

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS:

Yellow pine
Michigan hardwoods
Michigan softwoods
Oak flooring
Maple flooring
Silica brick
Face brick
Cement 3
Baths (enamel)
Lavatories (enamel)
Sinks (enamel)
S i k s (( l )
~
•
Rosin*
Turpentine 4

LAVATORIES (ENAMEL)
SINKS* ENAMEL)
ROSIN

WRAPPING PAPER

81
81
77

FUELS:

Crude petroleum
Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas and fuel oil
Lubricating oil

BATHS (ENAMEL)

BOOK PAPER

CLOTHING MATERIALS:

Cotton (total)

CEMENT

102 117 5 112
550 1,242 1,092 1,065

198

* Relative to season beginning Apr. 1,1919.
6 Oct. 1.

•
*

AUG.
*

JULY I

SALES.

The increased demand for goods as indicated in
current reports is reflected in the figures on commodity sales as reported in this bulletin. Of the 14
individual commodities listed in the accompanying
table, 9 showed increased sales in September, compared with August, while 5 decreased. The commodities showing decreases in sales in September are
merchant pig iron, structural steel, oakflooring,redwood lumber, and leather belting. Compared with a
year ago, every one of these commodities except
merchant pig iron shows a marked increase in sales.
Other distribution movements for the most part
continued to maintain or to increase their recent
improved condition.

10
COMPARISON OF SALES IN DIFFERENT LINES OF BUSINESS.

RELATIVE SALES (1919=100).

Maxi- Mini-j
mummumj 1920 1921
since
aver- Aug., Sept.,Aug., Sept.,
1921. 1921.1922. 1922.
end end
of
of
1919. 1919.

INDIVIDUAL COMMODITIES:

Pig iron (merchant)—
351
Freight cars
1,575
Structural steel
178
Baths, enamel
215
Lavatories, enamel
262
Sinks, enamel
222
171
Sanitary pottery
260
Oak flooring
135
Maple flooring
157
Redwood lumber
174
Clayfirebrick
129
Leather belting
Abrasive paper and cloth. 148
127
Fine cotton goods
129
Elastic webbing
147
Paper
168
Printing i
143
Optical goodsl
DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT:
Wholesalers2
107
l
Mail-order houses
136
242
Chain stores 1
SERVICES:
Postal receiptsl l
145
Telephone receipts
154
Telegraph tolls1
125
Railroad revenuesPassengers l
135
Freight1
162
Advertising—
Magazine
144
Newspaper
129

14
8
27
12
27
25
7
23
17
21
33
35
40
5
25
71
106
47

97
333
101
53
73
65
34
54
36
77
120
98
111
26
87
127
148
114

34
97
66
59
77
73
43
119
63
74
45
42
65
81
81
89
121
73

49
8
62
89
87
SI
42
129
75
83
47
48
72
117
89
91
120
60

66
2S
89
S2
92
88
53
141
63
87
50
44
77
120
94
97
121
73

52
81
122
118
131
117
171
220
84
121
102
83
109
72

62
30
82

99
102
118

87
71
124

96
60
116

95
71
114

106
59
131

104
72
136

95
114
98

113
123
120

113
147
106

105
148
108

111
146
110

116
165
120

124

84
91

109
122

98
110

111
119

102
119

103
110

58
85

122
114

78
103

70
85

78
100

79
92

Stocks
110
Bonds
178
Municipal bonds (new)*.. 489
l
122
Life insurance

35
67
61
87

SECURITIES:

43
518
116
114
135
128
205
187
85
96
116
67
*129

129
116
85

101
105

quarter and a rise of 0.1 per cent in the cost of housing.
Other items declined slightly or remained stationary.
The monthly index of the cost of living compiled by
the National Industrial Conference Board rose one
point in September. This index number now stands
at 156, compared with 165 a year ago.
The prices of individual commodities as given on
pages 4 and 5 show clearly the declines which occurred
in farm products and foods, and the marked increases
in metals and building materials. Of the 9 farm products on which relative prices to the producer are given,
6 declined; 2, wheat and lambs, increased; and 1, wool,
showed no change in September. The decline of 20.4
per cent in the price the farmer received for potatoes
and 22.1 per cent in the prices of cottonseed are particularly marked. Both declines are largely seasonal,
but the former is due especially to the very large crop.
Of the 52 remaining wholesale market prices shown
in the table on page 4, 27 advanced, 15 declined, and
10 remained unchanged. A month ago these same 52
commodities showed 23 advances, 20 declines, and 9
without change. The most marked increases in September occurred in pig iron, lumber, and steel beams.
TEXTILES.

Receipts of wool at Boston in September totaled
only 21,304,000 pounds, or approximately half the
97
amount received in August. This seasonal decline
i Items based on value.
. Relative proportion of orders to total transactions.
makes the September receipts the smallest for any
month since last December. Total receipts so far
PRICES.
this year are about 15 per cent greater than for the
same months of 1921.
The wholesale price index of the Department of
Woolen and worsted machinery showed a marked
Labor showed a drop of two points in September,
bringing it to 153, compared to 100 as the 1913 aver- increase in activity compared to recent months.
age. This decline was due entirely to the drop in the This increase occurred in all classes of machines.
prices of fuel, particularly coal. The group of fuel Prices of wool and of woolen manufactures showed
and lighting declined 10 per cent during the month, little change compared with the last few months.
The Bureau of the Census is now compiling monthly
while all other groups showed an increase with the
exception of foods and chemicals and drugs, which figures on the mill consumption of wool exclusive of
showed no change. The index of metals amd metal the American Woolen Co. and a few small firms who
products increased 6.3 per cent and building materials are not disposed to submit their figures voluntarily.
This has necessitated omitting any comparison with
rose 4.7 per cent.
Both Dun's and Bradstreet's index numbers, in monthly figures prior to 1921, when the American
which fuel and lighting have relatively little weight, Woolen Co. was reporting. Furthermore, the figures
showed increases for the month of September. The on annual consumption compiled from production,
regrouping of the Department of Labor prices by the plus imports, less exports for the years 1913 to 1918,
Federal Reserve Board shows a decrease of 2.9 per have also been omitted from the tables, since such
cent in agricultural products for the month; a decline figures are hardly comparable with the present
of 9.6 per cent in mineral products and a total decline monthly compilations. The consumption figures now
being compiled are sufficient to give the general trend
for all raw materials of 2.9 per cent.
The retail food price index of the Department of of this movement.
A small decline occurred in the consumption of
Labor rose one point, or to 140 in September. The
quarterly figures on the cost of living compiled by the cotton by textile mills in September, although the
Bureau of Labor Statistics showed a decline of 0.2 per total of 495,344 bales is slightly above the average
cent in the total during the third quarter of this year. consumption for the preceding eight months of this
The index number stands at 166.3, compared to 100 year. Exports of cotton were some 95,000 bales
in 1913. There was an increase of 5.4 per cent in greater than the very low record in August, but still
the cost of fuel and light as compared with the second far below what they were a year ago. September




2

72
105
100
120

55
94
180
102

42
74
189
90

49
106
166
87

68
101
127
106

84
95

11
exports amounted to 368,890 bales. The average
monthly exports for the first nine months of this
year have been approximately 430,000 bales. For
the same period last year exports averaged 480,000
bales per month, while in the pre-war years exports
averaged more than 700,000 bales per month. Thus,
while domestic consumption of cotton is about on a
level with the pre-war figures, exports average only
about 60 per cent of the 1913 movement.

Imports of cotton in the first 21 days of September,
the period covered by the import record of that
month, amounted to only 4,628 bales, or 68 per cent
less than the comparatively low figure for August.
Total imports in the first 9 months of this year have
been 69 per cent larger than during the same months
of 1921. Exports of cotton cloth totaled 51,302,000
square yards in September, a slight increase over
August, but less than in other recent months.

EXPORTS AND CONSUMPTION OP COTTON.

COTTON GINNED TO SPECIFIED D A T E S .

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OCT 18
/
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AVERAGE

Stocks of cotton showed the customary seasonal
increase during September. The rise in mill stocks
amounted to only 40,000 bales, but warehouse stocks
at the end of September totaled 3,218,000 bales, or
more than double the warehouse stocks a month
previous. There was a slight drop in the New York
price of cotton, while the price of cotton manufactures
remained relatively stationary, compared with August.

' /
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COTTON CONSUMPTION IN NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN MILLS.
400
TOTAL
GINNED

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1920




1921

1922

There was a slight decline in the production of
knit underwear during September according to the
association report. Shipments also fell off, but
orders received and unfilled orders on hand increased.
Compared with a year ago, this industry is on a very
much better basis. The production of fine cotton
goods in New England increased somewhat in September while sales were 78 per cent greater than in
August.
Silk consumption, as measured by warehouse withdrawals, totaled 34,212 bales in September, or only
a little below the high record attained in August.
Stocks of raw silk showed a large increase in September, with a total of 36,795 bales on hand. This is
the largest holding reported since December, 1920.
The New York price of raw silk increased more than
50 cents per pound in September.

12
METALS.

FABRICATED STRUCTURAL STEEL SALES.

The production of both pig iron and steel ingots
recovered somewhat after the decline in August, due
to the fuel situation. The September pig-iron production totaled 2,034,000 tons, or 218,000 tons more
than in August, but still below the recent peak of
2,405,000 tons reached in July. Steel-ingot production, prorated to 100 per cent, rose from 2,532,000
tons in August to 2,714,000 tons in September, but is
below the maximum reached in May of 3,099,000
tons. Ingot production, so far this year, is nearly
70 per cent ahead of the same months of 1921, while
pig-iron production is 50 per cent greater. Merchant
pig-iron production increased in September, but shipments, unfilled orders, and stocks all declined.
Exports of iron and steel declined sharply in September, giving the lowest figure since the latter
months of 1921. Exports so far this year are about
one-third less than for the same months of 1921.
Unfilled orders of the United States Steel Corporation continued to increase in September, reaching a
total of 6,692,000 tons, or 742,000 tons more than at
the end of August. The movement of iron ore
through the Sault Ste. Marie Canal showed a decline
of nearly 2,300,000 tons compared with August. The
prices of all iron and steel products rose sharply
during September. Pig iron continued to show the
largest increases. The composite figure compiled by
the Iron Age showed a rise of 17 per cent over August.
PRODUCTION OP PIG IRON AND STEEL INGOTS, AND UNITED
STATES STEEL CORPORATION'S UNFILLED ORDERS.
II

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MONTHLY AVERAGE

JAN.
FEB.
MAR.

FEB.
MAR.

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1920

1
1921

\\l
1922

The production and shipments of sheets decreased
in September compared with August, but sales and
unfilled orders both increased.
Sales of structural steel showed a slight seasonal
decline in September. The tonnage booked during
that month was equivalent to 61.9 per cent of the
shop capacity. Figures compiled by the Department
of Commerce from 137 identical fabricators for each
of the last six months indicate the recent trend in
this industry. The total shop capacity of the 137
firms was equal to 218,155 tons per month. The
actual sales reported were as follows:




Tonnage
booked.

MONTH.

April
May
June...
July....
August.
Septemlber

188,873
170,166
151,511
140 829
141,561
135,069

Per cent of
capacity.
86.6
78.0
69.5
64.6
64.9
61.9

Shipments of locomotives declined in September
compared to the preceding months, but unfilled orders
increased. There was a very large increase in the
orders for domestic freight cars. According to the
figures compiled by the Iron Trade Review, freightcar orders in the first 9 months of this year have
totaled 126,020, compared to only 8,000 in the
corresponding months of last year.
Copper production in September totaled 95,665,000
pounds, or about 5 per cent less than in August.
The August output represented the maximum production for the 21 months for which these monthly
figures are available. For the 9 months of this
year, copper production has totaled 677,367,000
pounds, which is about two-thirds more than the
production in the corresponding period of 1921.
Exports of copper decreased in September continuing
the downward movement noted last month. Total
exports in September amounted to 58,167,000 pounds.
The production of zinc increased in September,
reaching the highest figure recorded since November,
1920. Stocks continued to decline, and at 37,612,000
pounds established a new low record for recent years.
Both receipts and shipments at St. Louis were less
than in August. Stocks of tin also declined in
September.
The prices of zinc and lead rose during September,
while tin declined slightly and copper showed no
significant change.
FUEL.

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(Reported by 137firmswith a capacity of 218,155 tons per month.]

The resumption of bituminous mining at the
beginning of September caused the output for the
month to rise to 40,964,000 tons, compared to
22,328,000 tons in August. The September produce
tion is the largest since October a year ago except for
March, when stocks were being built up in anticipation of the strike. Bituminous production has been
maintained at an average of about 10,000,000 tons a
week ever since the settlement of the strike. The
present rate of production is limited only by the
ability of the railroads to handle the product. The
production of bituminous coal in the first nine months
of 1922 has amounted to 267,627,000 tons, compared
to 302,804,000 tons in same months of 1921. Bituminous production is thus only 11.6 per cent "behind
last year's production; but consumption is much
greater this year, and more bituminous must be used
as a substitute for anthracite. The rate of production
increased slightly in the first two weeks of October,
due to better transportation facilities.

13
pared with the four preceding months. Production
so far this year has exceeded the corresponding months
of 1921 by about 50,000,000 barrels, or nearly 15 per
cent. September consumption amounted to 49,610,000 barrels, compared to 50,141,000 barrels in August.
Stocks of crude petroleum again increased, and at
273,264,000 barrels represents a new high mark.
The price of Kansas-Oklahoma crude remained unchanged at $1.25 per barrel, which is 50 per cent less
than the price in the early months of this year.

COAL PRODUCTION.

PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION, IMPORTS, AND STOCKS OF PETROLEUM.
280

240

!
i
1923

Anthracite production increased from 161,000 tons
in August to 4,979,000 tons in September. Mining
in the anthracite field was not resumed until the
second week in September, consequently the output
for the month is considerably below the 7,000,000 to
8,000,000 tons normally produced. Recent reports
show that anthracite production is now averaging
about 2,000,000 tons per week. Anthracite production so far this year has amounted to only 27,178,000
tons or 60.8 per cent less than was produced in the
corresponding months last year.
Coke production, both beehive and by-product,
increased in September. The total production by both
processes was 2,850,000 tons, compared to 2,333,000
tons in August.
Exports of coal and coke showed a marked increase
in September. The total for bituminous of 1,175,000
tons is the largest for any month of this year except
March.
Prices of coal and coke were slightly lower in September, and since the 1st of October still greater
recessions have occurred. The weighted mine average
price, compiled by the Coal Age from 14 representative fields, reached its maximum of $6.73 per ton the
last of July. Since that time this price has declined
to $4.19 in the last week of October. Before the
strike this mine average price was about $2.20. The
success of the measures adopted to control the price
of coal during the strike may be judged from the
fact that in August, 1920, the mine average price
rose to above $9.50, while during the recent strike,
with supply conditions infinitely worse, the maximum
reached was $6.73.
The production of crude petroleum in September
amounted to 45,246,000 barrels, a slight decline, com-




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The production of gasoline in August, the latest
month available, totaled 549,958,000 gallons, or
20,000,000 gallons less than the high mark reached in
July. Gasoline consumption made a large increase,
and at 583,688,000 gallons in August marks the largest
figure so far recorded for this movement. Gasoline
stocks declined and were nearly 200,000,000 gallons
below the peak reached last April. Exports of gasoline declined in August but rose again in September.
The production of kerosene during August amounted
to 184,383,000 gallons, a decline of about 6 per cent,
compared to the relatively high figure recorded in

14
July. Stocks declined nearly 30,000,000 gallons
during August. The production of both lubricating
oil and gas and fuel oil also declined in August.

sonal and partly due to the closing of the Ford factory
for a part of the month because of fuel shortage.

STOCKS OF PETROLEUM

The cost of building construction continued to rise
during September. The price of building material to
contractors as reported to the Department of Commerce from some 50 cities showed further increases
during the month. The index number for the cost
of material in a six-room frame house rose from 189
in August to 193 in September. For a six-room brick
house the index of material costs rose from 193 to 197.
In November, 1921, these index figures were 166 and
173 for a frame and brick house, respectively. I n
both instances the average cost for 1913 is taken as
100. The index number of the cost of a standard
concrete factory building as compiled by the Aberthaw
Construction Co. rose from 190 in August to 192 in
September. This latter index includes not only cost
of material, but also the cost of labor. A year ago
the index of the cost of a concrete factory building
stood at 160, compared to an index number of 265
when building costs were at their peak in July, 1920.

AS REPORTED
DAYS'

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1918

17

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80

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PAPER AND PULP.

The production of newsprint paper declined in
September from the high point reached in August.
However, the output of 125,402 tons is considerably
above the average and is far ahead of any month of
last year. Shipments totaled 126,494 tons, while consumption by publishers increased nearly 10 per cent
over August. Stocks showed little change. There
was a slight increase in the spot market price, while
contract prices showed a small decline.
Paper purchases by printers were considerably
heavier in August than in the preceding months.
Printing activity was also greater.
A further increase occurred in the production of corrugated board for paper box containers, compared
with preceding months. The production of solid fiber
board declined slightly. In the folding box and label
industries declines occurred in both production and
new orders, although these movements were on a
much higher level than a year ago.

BUILDING OPERATIONS.

VOLUME OP BUILDING CONTRACTS AWARDED,
MILLIONS OF SQUARE FEET

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DECEMBER

NOVEMBER

The production of automobiles and trucks declined
in September, compared to preceding months. The
production of passenger cars totaled 186,562, the
lowest figure recorded since March. Truck production
dropped from 24,200 in August to 18,843. The maximum monthly production for the year was recorded
in June, with totals of 263,027 passenger cars and
25,984 trucks. The September drop was partly sea-

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15
Contracts awarded for building construction in the
The first decline reported for many months in the
27 northeastern cities showed a seasonal decline in production of flooring occurred in September. The
September, both in amount of floor space and in the output of oak flooring was 13.6 per cent less than in
total cost. The total floor space included in the con- August, while maple flooring declined 4.1 per cent.
tracts awarded in September amounted to 44,275,000 Shipments also declined in both species. Orders
square feet, compared with 54,019,000 square feet in I booked showed a significant decline in the case of oak
August. The total floor space in contracts awarded I flooring, but for maple there was a slight increase in
during the first nine months of 1921 has amounted to | this item. Stocks on hand showed practically no
440,589,000 square feet, an increase of 61 per cent over change from the preceding month.
the corresponding months of 1921. The total value of
The production of clay fire brick declined slightly in
contracts awarded in September was $271,493,000, a September compared with August, but the output is
decline of about $50,000,000 from the total for August. still greater than in any other month during the past
Contracts awarded for residential buildings were ap- year. Shipments increased in September and, with a
proximately the same both in floor space and value in total of 52,693,000 bricks, represent the peak of this
August and September. Contracts for industrial movement since the closing months of 1920. There
buildings showed a marked decrease in the latter was a slight decline in stocks on hand, but a signifimonth.
cant increase in new orders and in unfilled orders at
Fire losses in September, according to figures com- the end of the month. The production of silica brick
piled by the New York Journal of Commerce, reached increased 33 per cent in September and establishes a
the highest total hitherto recorded. The total value new high record for this commodity since the close of
of these losses for the month is given as $41,515,000, 1920. The production of face brick also increased duror almost double the losses reported for August. Fire ing September, although the output was not so great
losses during the first nine months of 1922 have ex- as in the months of May, June, and July. Shipments
ceeded the losses in the corresponding months of last were smaller than in any recent month, while stocks
year by more than 17 per cent.
and unfilled orders both increased.
The production of Portland cement in September
BUILDING MATERIALS.
amounted to 11,424,000 barrels. This was a slight
On the whole there was a slight decline in the pro- decline from the maximum output of 11,664,000 barduction of lumber during September. The most im- rels reached in August. Shipments were considerably
portant drop was that shown by southern pine, where smaller in September, while a further very marked
the production on the basis reported in this bulletin decline occurred in stocks. The total stocks reported
declined from 479,138,000 feet in August to 445,258,- at the end of September amounted to only 4,723,000
000 feet in September. The production of Douglas barrels, which may be compared with the maximum
fir showed no significant change from the preceding reported last April of 14,470,000 barrels. The price
month, although the September total of 477,222,000 of cement continued to increase in September, and is
feet was a fraction of a per cent greater than the out- now higher than at any time since January, 1921.
put in August. The remaining species of lumber so
Shipments of sanitary enamel ware declined in
far reported showed no significant change with the September with the exception of miscellaneous items.
exception of northern pine lumber and lath. In each Stocks of enamel ware showed further marked seasonal
of these two latter items production declined nearly declines.
20 per cent compared with August.
Orders received for sanitary pottery, as reported by
In most instances shipments of lumber were smaller the association, increased over 19 per cent in Septemin September than in August, due to transportation ber, compared with August. This industry appears
difficulties. Stocks of lumber, where reported, showed to be on a much higher level than at any time in the
a very material increase during the past month. Mill past three years.
stocks of southern pine increased approximately
LEATHER.
90,000,000 feet during the month, while stocks of
Figures compiled by the Bureau of the Census show
western pine showed an increase of 125,000,000 feet.
The September price of " B " and better southern pine a slight decline in the production of sole leather in
rose from $46.12 per thousand feet in August to $49.45 September, compared to August, while the output of
in September. A year ago this grade of lumber was skivers and of oak and union harness both increased.
selling at $35.79. No. 1 common Douglas fir showed The figures now compiled on these three movements
a price increase of 18 per cent in September. The by the Bureau of Census are not exactly comparable
present price of $19.50 per thousand feet is almost with the figures reported by the Tanners7 Council up
double the price for the same grade of lumber a to and including May, 1922. The Census figures are
year ago.
much more complete and represent approximately the




16
entire industry, while the Tanners' Council figures covered only about 80 per cent. In ord§r to give some measure of the trend of these movements, index numbers for
recent months have been calculated by using chain
relatives. The index numbers thus represent the
same percentage increases or decreases from month to
month as the statistics show, but do not take account
of the absolute increase due to the inclusion of more
forms.
STOCKS OF CATTLE HIDES (PACKER) AND PRODUCTION AND
STOCKS OF LEATHER (SOLE AND BELTING).

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Exports of sole leather declined nearly 20 per cent,
compared with August. Exports of upper leather
showed no significant change. The total exports of
sole leather during the first nine months of this year
have exceeded the exports in the corresponding
months of last year by 50 per cent, while upper leather
exports have been 120 per cent greater.
Sales of leather belting declined in September from
the high point reached in August. Exports of boots
and shoes fell off slightly. This latter movement has
been only half as large so far this year as a year ago.
Prices of hides and leather tended slightly higher
in September, although the price of hemlock sole
remained unchanged.
NAVAL STORES.

Net receipts of both turpentine and rosin at the
three principal points declined in September after the
rise recorded in August. For the year to date the
receipts of rosin have been 37 per cent greater while
receipts of turpentine were 6 per cent less than a year
ago. Stocks of both commodities increased in September. Stocks of rosin were slightly higher than a
year ago, while stocks of turpentine were only about
half as great as in September, 1921.




Stocks of cottonseed showed the usual seasonal
increase in September with a total quantity of 403,223
tons on hand, compared to 390,970 tons a year ago.
The production of cottonseed oil in September was
98,609,000 pounds, compared to 99,803,000 pounds in
September, 1921. Stocks of cottonseed oil were
slightly larger than a year ago. The price of refined
oil declined during the month.
Receipts of flaxseed at Minneapolis and Duluth
were much larger than a year ago, while shipments
were less. Stocks of seed declined at Minneapolis but
increased at Duluth. Shipments of linseed oil were
more than double this movement in August and much
larger than a year ago. Shipments of linseed-oil cake
showed even larger increases over the corresponding
periods than in the case of oil. For the year to date
both movements were below the nine months of 1921.
CEREALS.

—

>

OIL SEEDS.

Exports of wheat' and flour in September were
equivalent to 31,839,000 bushels, a decrease of 18 per
cent, compared with August. Exports in the first
nine months of this year have been 41 per cent less
than in the corresponding months of 1921. Receipts
and shipments of wheat in the principal markets were
also less in September than in August and considerably
smaller than in the month of September last year. To
a considerable extent a slower movement of wheat
this year is due to transportation difficulties, although
the unsatisfactory price has kept much of it off the
market. The price of No. 1 northern wheat at Chicago
declined again in September, reaching a price of $1.13,
compared with $1.37 for the same grade of wheat a
year ago. There was a slight increase in the Chicago
price of No. 2 winter, but this, too, is well below the
corresponding price a year ago. The price of flour at
both Minneapolis and Kansas City declined in September.
Exports of corn, including meal, showed a further
marked decline in September. The total exports,
equivalent to 9,769,000 bushels, were nearly 27 per
cent less than the August movement. Receipts at
principal markets increased during the month, although shipments were slightly less. A further
increase occurred in grindings of starch and glucose
manufacturers. A slight rise occurred in the Chicago
price of No. 2 corn, which now stands about 10 cents
a bushel more than the price prevailing a year ago.
Exports of oats, including meal, amounted to
4,870,000 bushels in September. This is the largest
export of oats recorded for any month in recent years.
The export movement of oats for the nine months of
this year totals 27,757,000 bushels, which is 320 per
cent greater than the exports in the corresponding
months of 1921.

17
Exports of rye, including flour, also showed a very
large increase in September, with a total equivalent
to 11,163,000 bushels. This is the largest export
movement of rye recorded for any single month.
Exports of barley also increased during September.
The exports of all cereals, including flour and meal
as grain, were equivalent to 61,312,000 bushels in
September, compared to 60,284,000 bushels in August
and 67,642,000 bushels in September, 1921. Measured in this way, our cereal exports so far this year
are nearly 14 per cent less than in the corresponding
period of 1921.
A marked seasonal increase occurred in the movement of rice during September. Receipts at mills
were more than double the receipts in August. Shipments from the mills were 50 per cent greater than
in the preceding month. Stocks of domestic rice in
the hands of mills and dealers increased over 54 per
cent in September compared with August.

Receipts of poultry at five principal markets showed
a seasonal increase of about 10 per cent in September.
Cold-storage holdings of poultry declined slightly last
month.
INSPECTED SLAUGHTER, CONSUMPTION, AND COLD-STORAGE
HOLDINGS OF BEEF PRODUCTS.

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MONT HLY AVERAGE

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1920

1922

INSPECTED SLAUGHTER, CONSUMPTION, EXPORTS AND COLDSTORAGE HOLDINGS OF PORK PRODUCTS.

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Receipts and shipments of both cattle and hogs at
the primary markets were considerably larger in
September than in August. This was particularly
true with movements of cattle, where receipts showed
an increase of over 10 per cent and shipments were
approximately 20 per cent larger than in the preceding months. Shipments of stocker and feeder cattle
increased 27 per cent and the total of 597,000 head
may be compared with 395,000 head reported in this
movement a year ago. There was a slight decrease
in the number of hogs slaughtered during September,
although this movement is considerably in excess of
the slaughter in September a year ago. Exports of
pork products declined in September. In the first
nine months of this year exports of pork products
have been 20.8 per cent less than in the corresponding months of the preceding year. In the same
period exports of beef have declined 10.5 per cent.
Storage holdings of pork declined during September
and are now on approximately the same level as a
year ago. There was an increase of 11 per cent in
the storage holdings of beef last month. Prices of
both cattle and hogs increased during September.
In both instances prices are now considerably better
than they were a year ago. Corn-fed cattle at Chicago were quoted in September at $10.71 per hundred,
compared with $8.38 a year ago. Heavy hogs sold
last month at an average of $9.17, compared with
$7.95 in September, 1921.
Receipts and shipments of sheep also increased
during September. Stocker and feeder shipments
were approximately 50 per cent greater than in
August and about the same level as in September
last year. Prices of sheep in Chicago declined slightly,
but lambs brought the highest average price since
last April.

OCT

MEATS AND LIVE STOCK.

1Ill

22

OTHER FOODSTUFFS.

The usual seasonal decline occurred in the receipts
of eggs at the principal markets. As usual, a further
decline occurred in the holdings of storage eggs during
September; however, storage holdings were still a
million and a half cases greater than the average for
this season of the year. Storage holdings of both butter
and cheese also declined during the past month.
Average prices were slightly higher than in August.
Exports of condensed and evaporated milk amounted to 10,549,000 pounds in September, which is a
decline of about 6 per cent below the August exports
and nearly 30 per cent less than the exports in September last year.

18
Meltings ot raw sugar declined from 540,000 long
tons in August to 313,000 long tons in September.
This is a decrease of 42 per cent for the month, although total meltings so far this year have been 50
per cent greater than in the same period a year ago.
Stocks of raw sugar also declined during September,
while exports dropped from 89,824 tons to 12,870 tons.
Prices of both raw and refined sugar declined in New
York, while the average retail price reported by the
Department of Labor dropped 2 per cent compared
with August.
Further seasonal declines occurred in the Cuban
movement of raw sugar. Stocks at the end of September were down to 341,329 tons, compared with
stocks amounting to 1,183,488 tons at the end of
September last year. Exports of raw sugar from Cuba
in September totaled 213,728 tons, which was nearly
40 per cent less than the exports in August, but was
almost twice as large as the corresponding movement
in September last year.

P R O D U C T I O N A N D STOCKS O F S U G A R .
[Allfiguresin short tons of 2,000 pounds.]

July.
REFINERIES.
Production refined
Sales of granulated by refiners:
For domestic use
For export
Total
*..
Refiners/ stocks of granulated:
Beginning of month
End of month
Raw, received by refiners:
Imported
Domestic
Raw, used by refiners
Refiners' stocks of raw:
Beginning of month
End of month

500,116

541,104

432,417
60,217
492,634

306,687
6,069
312,756

127,070
95889

93,808
132,474

561,538
1,433
538,328

570,138
3,106
588,080

300,163
324,763

293,804
278,701

CANE SUGAR FACTORIES.
Production
Stocks, beginning of month
Stocks, end of month

4,447
12,407
10,660

1,108
10,898
4,737

BEET SUGAR FACTORIES.
Production
Stocks, beginning of month
Stocks, end of month

149,786
88,289

5,836
92,662
54,977

TOBACCO.

IMPORTS, MELTINGS, AND STOCKS OF RAW SUGAR.
600

/

660

\

460

t

1
f 1

400

If

i

c

|

250

Z

1

\

|

200

\

y

/ I
I \

160

*l

j
/

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CO
1

// Y
i

100

60

f

Ai

1

Production in the tobacco manufacturing industry
underwent a considerable decline in all branches, as
compared with August, but was still materially higher
than a year ago. Exports increased and the price of
Burley tobacco remained unchanged. Stocks of tobacco declined from the previous quarterly report at
the end of June and were also lower than a year ago,
except for cigar tobacco.

1

RELATIVE PRODUCTION OF CIGARS, CIGARETTES, AND
MANUFACTURED TOBACCO.
/

/

[Average monthly production 1913=100.]

\
\
\
\

I

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T
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1
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1

340

—

300

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V

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--[--|--|^_-_t—
-

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AVERAGE

1920

D TO ACCO

JAN.
FEB.
MAR.

8EPT.

MONTHLY 4 i H l < I i i 5 i o 8 i (

NOV.
DEC.

..14..—J...
^ I ^ K ^ W ^ H ^ ,

JAN.
FEB.
MAR.
APR.

o
4 1 12
9 9 90

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— JULY
AUG.

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;

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August.

100

-= : -

1922

1

UJ




19 19

19
MONTHLY

AVERAGE

I

1

j%S, )

! T

is

III

FEB.
MAR.
APR.
MAY
§ JUNE
~
JULY
AUG.
8EPT.
OCT.
JAN.
FEB.
APR.

Beginning with July, 1922, the Bureau of the Census
has undertaken to compile monthly reports on the
production and stocks of sugar. Up to the time of
writing, reports have been issued for the months of
July and August. The accompanying table gives the
more important figures from these reports. The data
from refiners for the months of July and August are
not strictly comparable. The July report includes returns from all refiners in the United States except
Arbuckle Bros., while for the August report no returns
were received either from Arbuckle Bros, or from the
Federal Sugar Refining Co.

1

amu-mm
1921

1922

WATER TRANSPORTATION.

Traffic through the Panama Canal in August was
slightly less than the record figure for July. The total
cargo movement amounted to 1,166,000 tons, which
makes August the second largest month since the
canal has been in operation. The tonnage carried in
American vessels showed a large increase over recent
months, and at 563,000 tons was the largest for any
month since the middle of 1920.

19
Traffic through the Sault Ste. Marie canals amounted
to 10,986,000 tons in September, a slight increase over
August and 4,500,000 tons more than the corresponding movement in September last year, but still considerably below the 1920 movement when the September tonnage totaled 12,425,000.
Traffic on the New York State canals amounted to
281,000 tons in September, compared with 321,000
tons in August and 269,000 tons in September, 1921.
Ocean freight rates to the United Kingdom and to
Europe declined in September, according to the
weighted index figures compiled by the Federal Reserve Board.

can not be filled. At the end of last April the railroads reported that there were requests for only 842
cars which were not filled. At the end of August the
railroads lacked 58,670 cars to meet their demands,
and at the end of September this shortage had increased to 130,325 cars, an increase for the month of
122 per cent. More than half of this number consisted of box cars, while about one-fourth were coal
cars.
SHORTAGE, SURPLUS, BAD-ORDER, AND TOTAL LOADINGS OF
FREIGHT CARS.
j
860

u

900
850
/

^

1

v\

\
760

'

IX

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V

V

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8

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350

d 3

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1920

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1921

*
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There was a further marked increase in railroad
freight traffic during September. The average weekly
car loadings for the month were 934,816, which was
an increase of 4.4 per cent over August. Coal loadings, which rose from an average of 98,499 cars in
August to 170,512 cars in September, were largely
responsible for this increase, although loadings of live
stock and miscellaneous freight also increased. In
September last year the average weekly total loading
amounted to 840,318 cars, or almost 100,000 cars less
than in September this year. In the third week of
October this year total loadings exceeded 1,000,000
cars, which, with the exception of four weeks in the
fall of 1920, is the greatest on record.
The number of surplus idle freight cars declined
from 70,455 in August to only 5,843 in September.
A year ago there were 172,420 idle cars, while only
three months ago, at the end of June, idle cars
amounted to 339,225. In place of this surplus of
cars there is a constantly increasing shortage that

i

P

i

/"-

IX

r

s

-•^OR ^

\
\

fa

/
\

1917
1918
1919 1920 192
M O N T H L Y AVERAGu.

it
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.—

\
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\

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/^^CAR SHORTAGE^,

1922

RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION.




J-13
Jjs!'

O JULY

z

——^

60

\
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OCT.

UCARS

100

A
\
\

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200

N

A

\
\
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260

1

i

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1

550

8

V V

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/\

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la

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700

/

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8

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1921

\

/x\
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1
f

OCT.

ENTRANCES AND CLEARANCES OF VESSELS IN UNITED STATES
FOREIGN TRADE, AND SHIPS UNDER CONSTRUCTION.

J922

The total operating revenue of class 1 railroads for
August was §473,877,000, an increase of about $50,000,000 compared with August. This increase practically all occurred in freight revenue. Operating
expenses in August amounted to $387,100,000, an
increase of over 22 per cent compared with July, and
by far the heaviest operating expense for any month
of this year. The net operating income was, therefore, reduced to 852,580,000, compared with $69,239,000 in July, $76,594,000 in June, and $90,160,000 in
August last year. The number of Pullman passengers
carried in September was 2,990,000, representing a
decline of 3.4 per cent from August, but an increase
over September of last year.
LABOR.
There was a further increase in the number of
workers employed in New York and Wisconsin state
factories. The total factory pay roll in New York
state increased 4.5 per cent, reaching an index number
of 221, compared to 100 in 1914. Unemployment in
Pennsylvania declined, reaching a new low record.

20
PUBLIC FINANCE.

IMMIGRATION, EMIGRATION, AND IMMIGRATION QUOTA.

_
—-

_

\\

/

+
1

H
J\

/

\

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1
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OUOTA *

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MONT

t

=
192

1 % =

0

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT.

Reports received during recent weeks indicate a
marked and significant improvement in the demand
for commodities by consumers. This has brought
about a much more active condition in both wholesale and retail trade. After a lapse of many months
there has been a resumption of rural buying in recent
weeks. The combined sales of the two large mailorder houses showed an increase of over 21 per cent
in September compared with August.
Chain-store sales also increased in September.
This was particularly marked in the case of shoe
chains, where a seasonal increase of over 45 per cent
was noted, and in music chains, where sales increased
nearly 20 per cent for the month. In practically
every instance September sales this year were significantly above those in the corresponding month of
last year.

The total interest-bearing debt of the United States
showed a further decrease in September. The total
debt at the end of the month was 822,558,000,000, or
S243,000,000 less than the month before. Within the
past twelve months the interest-bearing debt has been
reduced $1,117,000,000.
Customs receipts in September totaled §53,135,000,
compared with $39,012,000 in August. Custom receipts so far this year have been 43.4 per cent greater
than a year ago. Ordinary receipts in September
totaled $454,809,000, an increase of 110 per cent over
August, due to the income-tax installment, but far
less than in September last year, when receipts totaled
$689,328,000. Ordinary disbursements also increased
in September and were considerably larger than a year
ago. A further increase occurred in the amount of
money in circulation. The per capita amount is given
as $41.04 in September, compared with $39.93 in
August and $213.11 in September last year.
BANKING AND FINANCE.
Debits to individual bank accounts showed a significant increase in September, both in New York City
and outside. Preliminary reports indicate that still
further increases will be shown by the October figures.
Both debits and bank clearings were considerably
higher than in the corresponding month of last year.
BILLS DISCOUNTED AND TOTAL INVESTMENTS OF FEDERAL
RESERVE BANKS.

28

J

r

26

SALES OF MAIL-ORDER HOUSES AND CHAIN STORES.

V

24

U

_

i

V
\
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——
=t= — —

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22

1

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18

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1

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14

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MONTHLY

:

nil

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12

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AVERAGE
Q




\

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4

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2

•
1921

OCT.

I

OCT

3

ADD

-

JAN.

r

OCT.

Q
JULY

Department-store sales increased 21 per cent in
September, with an index number of 103 for the
month compared to 93 in September last year. Magazine advertising for the month of October showed
another increase of nearly 20 per cent, making the
total linage 1,485,000 compared to 1,325,000 in
^^f.-.oor last year. A corresponding seasonal increase
~ •.•••.id in the September newspaper advertising.
.. '.««1 receipts increased 6.5 per cent in September.

<
1922

21
Bills discounted by the Federal reserve banks
showed further increases in September. The total of
$420,000,000 may be compared with the low- point
of $380,000,000 in July, 1922, and with $1,403,000,000
in September last year. There were slight increases
in the notes in circulation and in the total reserves
of the Federal reserve banks. Total deposits declined
slightly, and the reserve ratio dropped from 79.2 to
7S.4. A year ago this ratio stood at GO.0.
Federal reserve member bank loans and discounts
increased approximately 2 per cent in September,
while member bank investments declined for the first
time in more than a year.
LOANS AND DISCOUNTS AND TOTAL

INVESTMENTS

OP

FEDERAL

RESERVE MEMBER BANKS.

14

—

—

12

NUMBER OF BUSINESS

FAILURES

AND AMOUNT

OF DEFAULTED

LIABILITIES.

UU

IM^

___

j
|

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—

:

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4/v O
DISCOU NTS .......

I!

;___^^
i

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Z
o

The number of failures reported for September was
1,566, a decrease of 8.6 per cent compared with August,
and the smallest reported for any month in more than
a year. Total liabilities amounted to $36,908,000,
which is also less than either the liabilities in the preceding month or the corresponding month a year ago.

r

13 ;

CO

BUSINESS FINANCES.

41—4—1—4—1—

f-

TOT At-

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wm —

m —

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1921

• > z
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SEPT

1

AUG.

JAN.
FER

—

1922

Interest rates on both call and time loans showed
a marked increase. The rate on 60 to 90 day commercial paper rose from 3.93 per cent in August to
4.18 for September. The lowr point in interest rates
was reached in July, when the average for time loans
stood at 3.78 per cent.
Savings banks statistics from seven Federal Reserve
districts showed an increase in deposits in six districts
and a decline in one (Philadelphia). United States
postal savings deposits showed a further decline.
LIFE INSURANCE.

Reports compiled by the principal life insurance
companies showred a further decrease of 6 per cent in
the amount of new insurances written in September
compared with August. The total insurance written
by these companies, which represent about 77 per cent
of the total insurance outstanding, has amounted to
$4,620,600,000 in the first nine months of this year.
This is an increase of more than 9 per cent over the
new business written in the corresponding months of
1921. The largest increase has occurred in group
insurance, which for the nine months is 127 per cent
greater than last year.




Dividend and interest payments in September
totaled $3,566,507,000, showing a seasonal increase of
over 47 per cent, compared with August. New capital
issues also showed a marked increase in September
compared either with the preceding month, or with
September last year. For the first three quarters of
1922 new capital issues have been one-third greater
than in the corresponding period of 1921.
There were further increases in the prices of both
industrial and railroad stocks on the New York Exchange during September. The average price of 25
industrials stood at 107.02 in September compared
with 103.68 in August and 74.10 in September last
year. Compared with the average prices in 1913 these
25 industrials now show an increase of 84 per cent,
while the 25 railroad stocks average 17 per cent less
than the corresponding price in 1913. Stock sales on
the New York Exchange totaled 21,775,000 shares in
September, an increase of 22 per cent over August,
but considerably less than the sales in the months of
March to June of this year.
Bond sales on the New Y'ork Exchange showed a
marked decrease compared with August. The total

22
sales of miscellaneous bonds amounted to $203,lS4,000,
a decline of nearly 9 per cent from the total in August.
Bond prices continued to rise according to the index
numbers compiled by Dow, Jones & Co. The combined index for prices and yield for 40 representative
bonds stood at 77.47 in September, compared to 70.SO
in August and 60.74 in September last year.
Receipts of gold at the mint showed a decline of 13
per cent in September, although the total for the nine
months of this year is considerably above the corresponding figure for last }rear. Imports of gold totaled
$29,316,000 in September, an increase of nearly
$10,000,000 over August. Imports of gold so far this
year have amounted to $214,408,000, which is 62 per
cent less than the imports in the first nine months of
1921. The Rand output of gold remained practically
the same as in August.
The production of silver in September amounted to
5,325,000 fine ounces. This is a decline of 4.3 per
cent, compared with the output in August, but other
than that it represents the largest production for any
month in almost two years. Imports of silver increased in September and for the nine months of this
year are 20 per cent greater than a year ago. The
price of silver increased slightly both at New York and
at London.
FOREIGN TRADE.
Exports in September were valued at $317,000,000,
an increase of nearly 5 per cent over August, but somewhat less than in September last year. Imports were
reported for only the first 21 days of September—up
to the time the new tariff law went into effect. During
this period imports wrere received to the value of
$232,000,000. It is probable that from $80,000,000
to $100,000,000 more would be added to the September figures if they covered the full calendar month.
Foreign exchange rates declined on the average
during September. The rate on sterling fell off 3 cents,
while small declines occurred in Italian, Belgium, and
Swiss rates. Rates for France and the Netherlands
remained unchanged. Canadian exchange rose to par,
while Argentine and Brazilian rates were lower. The
revised index of foreign exchange compiled by the




Federal Reserve Board fell off one point, standing at
6S, compared to 100 as par.
IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES.

•Covers only the first 21 days in September.
TRADE OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES.

Because of the large size of this publication and the
increasing amount of available domestic data, it has
been decided to discontinue the tables on the trade of
foreign countries with the exception of Great Britain
and Canada. An understanding of the movements in
these two latter countries is of particular significance
to domestic trade. Those who wish to follow the trade
of other foreign countries will find the figures given
currently in Commerce Reports, published weekly by
this department.
Trade of the United Kingdom showed a marked
decline in imports in September and an increase in
exports. For the nine months of 1922 British imports
are 12 per cent less than a year ago, while exports are
1.4 per cent greater. Large increases have occurred
in the exports of many important commodities. Coal
exports so far this year are 240 per cent greater than
last year. Iron and steel exports have increased over
100 per cent, while exports of textile manufactures are
from 60 to 70 per cent greater.
Canadian trade declined in both imports and exports
in September compared with the high record of
August. Exports of canned salmon and cheese increased. Wheat exports declined from the August
figure, but they are still considerably larger than a
year ago.

23
INDEXES OF PRODUCTION AND MARKETING.
In recent numbers of the Survey there have1 been
published detailed discussions of certain index numbers of production and marketing dealing particularly
with raw materials. The following tables give the
recent figures for each of these index numbers, compared with the corresponding months of 1921. The
methods of compiling these indices and the weighting
factors used are discussed in detail in the issues of the
Survey referred to.

I N D E X OF M I N E R A L P R O D U C T I O N .

[Monthly average production 1919 = 100.]
200
130

180

130

160
140

140
—

4

1919 i
WERA G E ^

100 I

A,

'

N

I N D E X OF P R O D U C T I O N OF R A W M A T E R I A L S . 1

CO
CO

-

120 g

/
*><

-

80 g

z

[Relative production 1919=100.]
1921

60

1922

40

Aug.

Sept. 1 June.

Total.

2 110.6

120.2 1 2 91.5

90.1

106.8

Minerals (total)
Animals
Crops
Forestry

2 98.2
96.4
M26.8
93.0

93.3 j 2 85.6
94.9 ! 113.6
75.6
151. 2
88.9 2 127.9

2 84.4
105.7
79.4
115.9

2 91.5
101.0
114.9
124.8

1
3

July.

Aug.

Sept.

z
<

114.8
71.4
163.9

tri

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<

I N D E X O F M A R K E T I N G S OF A N I M A L P R O D U C T S . 1

For complete table and discussion see September (No. 13) issue of the Survey.
Revised.

[Relative marketings 1919=100.]
1921

I N D E X N U M B E R S OF M I N E R A L P R O D U C T I O N . 1

1

1922

[Relative production 1919= 100.]
Aug.
1921
Sept.

Total, excluding lead, gold,
and silver

2 98.2

\)O. O

129.9
92.5
101.6
100.6
20.0
93.2
38.8
94.5
85.1

Total production *
Petroleum
Bituminous coal
Anthracite coal
Iron ore
Copper
Lead
Zinc
Gold..
Silver

June.

96.4

Total
Aug.

Sept.
94.9

113.6

105.7

101.0

71.4

82.7 I 164.3
92.9 1 85.7
101.0
71.0
75.1
115.6
162.4
77.4
92.9 ; 81.8
85.7 1 90.8
120.8
132.1

227.3
83.3
79.7
74.0
2
131. 4
84.4
107.9
128.8

122 4
104.7
81.3
86.1
86.5
78.6
116.2
122.9

48. 2
115.6
81.9

July.

Sept.

Aug.

1922

116.1
94.0
100.6
82.9
19.5
91.5
38.1
57.1
89.2

3 98.6

93.9

June.

July.

Aug.

84.4

2 85.6

Sept.

91.5

114.8

144.5 147.8 147.5
58.4
44.5
58.5
1.6
2.2
1.1
160.0 205.3 205.2
94.1
88.8
84.9
108.2 107.4 3 117.5
151.3 2 168.4 166.7
104.8
78.0
93.8
117.7
100.8
91.9

143.5
107.3
67.8
152.9
89.2
123.1
175.8
90.9
112.7

90.6

Wool
Cattle and calves
Hogs. .
Sheep
Eggs
Poultry
Fish

115.1

3 85.3

83.9

1

153.3
91.0
71.1
110.4
92.6
76.4
99.5
119.0

68.6
87.0
101.8
119.2

For complete table and discussion see June (No. 10) issue of the Survey.

I N D E X OF M A R K E T I N G S OF ANIMAL P R O D U C T S .

1

For complete table and discussion see September (No. 13) issue of the Survey.
* Revised.

[Relative monthly marketings 1919=100.]
200

I N D E X OF M I N I N G P R O D U C T I O N . 1

[Relative production, 1909-1913=100.]
1921

1922

Aug.

Sept.

June.

2 103.5

97.2

2 97.3

98.6

106.8

128.4

226.6
2 99.4
2 103.6
113.0
22.4
102.8
61.9
60.0
79.6

202.6
101.0
102.6
93.0
21.9
100.9
60.9
36.3
83.5

252.0
62.8
1.2
2 170.6
99.6
119.3
241.7
49.6
94.3

257.8
47.9
1.6
230.6
95.2
118.4
269.0
59.6
86.0

2 257.4
2 62.9
2.2
230.4
2 105.4
2 129.5
2 266.3
66.6
110.2

250.3
115.3
69.2
171.6
100.0
135.8
280.9
57.7
105.5

Total, excluding lead, gold,
and silver..
2 109.8

102.7

2 101.0

101.9 2 109.8

134.9

Total
Petroleum
Bituminous coal
Anthracite coal
Iron ore
Copper
Lead...
Zinc
Gold
Silver

1
3

July.

Aug.

Sept.

For complete table and discussion see May (No. 9) issue of the Survey.
Revised.




5
| loo
X
U
J
Q
Z

1919 /

*

100

*—•

"/920*

80 2
\

Z
60

>
O
Z

O
U
J
Q

24
INDEX OF FORESTRY

PRODTTTION.

1

INDEX OF CROP MARKETINGS. 1

[ R e l a t i v e production 1919-= 100.]

[ R e l a t i v e p r o d u c t i o n 1919=100.]

1921
Aug.

1922

Sept.

Yellov." p i n e
97.5
"Western a n d sugar pine a n d :
while fir
"'
109.3 ' 90.9
Douglas f i r . . .
S9.2
91.6
Redwood
112. 5 ! 124. .
Hemlock
09. 0 ' 49. s
Maple, birch, a n d beech
,' 53. 0 i 2s. 3

1921

June. I July, j Aug.
127.1

1

115.2 ; 122.6

162.2 j 146.0
132.5
129. 1
145.4
114.9
117.3 i 2 S^. 9
75. 1 i 63. 2

Total l u m b e r .

G r a n d total

193.

1

193. 1

99.2
207. 5

129.4
138. 3
.
. .

124.4

66. 7

100. 4 • 172.4
\ " '25. 7

114.9

193.9
129.0
144.2
s7. 0 .
66.2 .

M15.9

P u l p wood
Gum.. .
Distilled wood

Sept.

Aug.

June.

July.

152.7

2 75.6

79.4

114.9

163.9

195.9
21*. 0
211.2
82. 5
155.7
160.9

I
243. 8 I 207.8
195.0 I 66.7
9* 7
91 1
65. 7 1 42.2
137.6
45.7
126.0 |
7.3

173. 2
125.5
87 3
29. 5
35. 9
3.5

162.6
192.6
131.7
53.2
353. 2
73. 7

235.4
183.3
116.4
65.6
300.4
149.2

205.

Cora
Wheat
Oats
Barlev . .
Rye.".
Rice

Sept.

126. S

Grand total

Total grains

:

193. 4 !

125.9

177.8

190.2

129 5
33. 3
154.6
74.6
28.1
36.1

115 9
156.9
190.6
2 120.1
62.2
62.9

154 9
30s. 7
307.7
243.3
157. 7
134. 6

107.3 I 181.2 ; 2 IG0.3 I 112.3 i 121.5

179.6

49.8 \
284.2 1
66. 9 i
133. 5 i
659. 8 i
476. 5
325.9 i
1.3 :

2 63.4
418.3
35.3
138.6
725. 2
329.5 i
307.1 i

185.5
502. 8
35.0
746.4
757.9
60.3
187.8

9

•>J. 1

Potatoes (white^
Sweet potatoes
Tomatoes
Onions
Cabbage
Celerv .

. 9 I - 127.9 j 115.9 ; 124. b ;

For complete t a b l e a n d discussion sec A u g u s t ( N o . 12) issue of t h e S u r v e v .
2 Revised.

Total v e g e t a b l e s . . .

INDEX OF FORESTRY PRODUCTION.
[Relative monthly production 1919=100.]

180
160

160

140

Apples
Peaches
Citrus fruit
Grapes
Pears
Watermelons.
Cantaloupes..
Strawberries..

180

2

107.4
170.7
8S. 0
117.7
on. 9
4S.8

173.5
256. 6
235.5
193. 2
135. 4
96.1

D
z IOO

/H9U

^^hiani—4-^—• h" — i — '
V
\

80

z

I

Ui
Q

z

40

40




80

60

60

20 -

D
100 Z

AVEFRAGEf * *

Sept.

20

Total cotton products
Hay
Tobacco
Flaxseed
Cane sugar
Total miscellaneous.
1
2

147. 5
21.6
499.3
2 54. 3
110.2
17.5

35.1
2 289. 4
44.8
10. 6
167.7
659. 0
511.4
5.6

209. 9

Total fruits.
Cotton
Cottonseed.

2

193.4 '
17.5
1 9 8 . 5 ; 128.0
67. S i! 71. 4
662. 0 1
469. 5 „
599. 2
117.2 ' 571.0
1.9

140

,922.

99.5

Aug.

1^. 5

1

LJ
D

1922

59.0
37.0
55.7

I
I

90.0

93.2 j 2 145.1 i

260.4

112.3
157. 2

4*. 2 '
5.1 !

37.4
4.3

132.6
193.3

119.5

41.8 1 2 32. 5

57.8 ; 51.4
64.4 i 58.9
84.4 I 126.6
49.4 ! 25.3

69.2 !
1.5 \
48. 5 I
25.3 i

49.8
2.4
27.5
32.0

61.7

28.9 I

22.3

56.3

52.0 i
25.8 i

141.6
69.7
61.7
2 51.4
4S.3
63.2

76.9
63.8
187.8
22.6
j

For complete table and discussion see July (No. 11) issue of the Survey.
Revised figures.

70.0

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS.
The following table contains a summary of the monthly figures, designed to show the trend in important industrial and commercial
movements. The numerical data for the latest months are given and in addition index numbers for the last four months and for two corresponding months of a year ago. In many lines the figures do not lend themselves readily to statistical uniformity, due to lateness of
their publication or publication at other than monthly intervals; therefore the following explanations of the various headings are offered
to make clear such distinctions and in general to facilitate the use of the table:
August, 1922.—This column gives the August figures corresponding to those for September shown in the next column—in other words,
cover the previous month, and in some cases, where indicated by a footnote, refer to the previous quarter: that is, ending June
30, 1922.
September, 1922.—In this column are given the figures covering the month of September, or, as in the case of stocks, etc., the situation
on September 30 or October 1. In a few cases (usually where returns are reported quarterly only) the figures are for the quarter
ending September 30 or the condition on that date. Where this column is left blank, no figures for September were available
at the time of going to press (November 7).
Corresponding month, August or September, 1921.—The figures in this column present the situation exactly a year previous to those
in the "September, 1922,'' column (that is, generally September, 1921), but where no figures are available for September, 1922,
the August, 1921, figures have been inserted in this column for comparison with the August, 1922, figures. In the case of quarterly figures, this column shows the corresponding quarter of 1921.
Cumulative total through latest month.—These columns set forth, for those items that can properly be cumulated, the cumulative total
for the first nine months of the calendar years 1921 and 1922, respectively, except where the September, 1922, figures are lacking,
in which case the cumulative total for eight months in each year is given.
Percentage increase (-f) or decrease ( — ) cumulative) 1922 from 1921.—This column shows the per cent by which the cumulated total for
the first nine months of 1922 is greater ( + ) or less (—) than the total for the corresponding period of 1921.
Base year or period.—For purposes of comparison with a previous more or less normal period, all items, so far as possible, are related* to
such a period by index numbers. The period taken for each item, called the base, is the monthly average of the year or period
stated in this column. Wherever possible, the year 1913 is taken as a base, and if no prewar figures are available, 1919 is usually
taken to avoid using a war year as a basis. In some cases it will be noted that figures were not available prior to 1920 or even 1921
and that sometimes a month, or an average of a few months, has to be used rather than a year's average. Also, for some industries, 1919 would not be a proper base on account of extraordinary conditions in the industry and therefore some more representative year has been chosen.
Index numbers.—In order to visualize the trend of each movement, index or relative numbers are given for the last four months and
for two corresponding months of a year ago. These index numbers are computed by allowing the monthly average for the base
period, usually 1913 or 1919, to equal 100. If the movement for a current month is greater than the base the index number will
be greater than 100. If the converse is true the index number will be less than 100. The difference between 100 and any index
number gives at once the per cent increase or decrease compared with the base period. Index numbers may also be used to compute the approximate per cent increase or decrease from one month to the next.
Percentage increase ( + ) or decrease ( —) September from August.—The last column shows the per cent increase or decrease of the figure
for the last month compared with the preceding month.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end ,
of bulletin.
August,
1922

| Correj sponding

September,
1922

month,
August
or
' Septem
i ber,
1
1921.

TEXTILES.

Wool.
Consumption by textile mills
thous. of lbs..
Receipts at Boston:
Domestic
thous. of lbs..
Foreign
thous. of lbs..
Total
thous. of lbs..
Imports, unmanufactured....... thous. of lbs..
Machinery activity (1st of following month):
Looms, wide
per ct. of hours active..
Looms, narrow... .per ct. of hours active..
Looms, carpet and
rug
,
per ct. of hours active..
Sets of cards
per ct. of hours active..
Combs
per ct. of hours active..
Spinning spindlesWoolen
per ct. of hours active..
Worsted
per ct. of hours active..
Looms and spindles (1st of following month):
Woolen spindles..per ct. of active to total..
Worsted
spindles
per ct. of active to total..
Wide looms
per ct. of active to total..
Narrow looms
per ct. of active to total..
Carpet looms
per ct. of active to total..
1

57,340 |

49,824

54,771

21,809
20,825
42,635
34,472

8,594
12, 710
21,304
27,892

14, 740
2,288
17,028
14,592

63.6
58.3

72.4
71.3

74.2
72.5

76.8
88.8
85.5

80.9
91.3
93.2

65.5
79.0
97.6

86.2
71.4

88.1
84.0

79.1
92.2

83

85

75

81

65

78

i

72

68

76

91
76
74

79

82

69

Twelve months' average, November, 1920, to October, 1921, inclusive.




(25)

26
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

Percentage
increase
(+ )
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

Corre- ; CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
spond- ;
LATEST MONTH.
ing
I
month, •
August i
or
;
Sept em- |
1921
1922
ber, I
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1921

|| Perj centage increase

1922

orde: crease
ii ( - ) ,
Sept.
; Aug. Sept.;' June. July. Aug. Sept. from
Aug.

August,
1922

September,
1922

d oils, per l b . .

.316

.316

.155

1913

92

93

196

195

189 ! 189 j

0.0

dolls, per l b . .
dolls, per l b . .
dolls, per y d . .
dolls, per y d . .

.48
1.450

.48
1.450

.815
3.285

.815
3.285

.29
1.150
.885
2.835

1913
1913
1913
1913

127
148
157
184

132
148
157
184

214
184
145
198

218
180
145
198

218
ISO
145
213

218 I
187'!
145
213 I
!

0.0
3.6
0.0
0.0

1913

97

101

105

95

109

103 !-

6.1

197
121
58

245
129
31
73

99
110
84
62
68

91
85
93
42
51

76
88
52
71
38

79
183
73
23
51

|+
|j +
|+
;||+
!

TEXTILES—Continued.
Wool—Continued.
Prices:
Raw wool to producer, all
grades
Unwashed, fine Ohio,
Boston
Worsted yarn
Wool dress goods
Men's suitings
Cotton.

j
3,871,944

4,449, 757

+ 14.9

527,404

495,344

484,718

1,025
1,550
1,597
14,480
273,308

1,065
3,218
2,228
4,628
368,890

1,018
4,312
3,944
6,362
532,839

133,927
4,322,191

226,548
3,864,909

+ 69.2
- 10.6

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

50,068

51,302

62,290

393,871

448,671

-f 13.9

1913

152

168

170

163

135

138

thous. of lbs..

11,006

9,132

7,581

60,735

82,508

+ 35.8

1921

166

113

151

144

164

136

thousands..
mills, of hours..
hours..

32,499
8,033
217

33,297
7,761
209

293,504

292,820

-

1913

109

112

105

106

107

110 | + 2 . 5
j - 3.4
j - 3.7

.211
.219
.420
.065
.107

.200
.215
.412
.066
.108

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

105
109
122
137
118

165
160
160
168
152

170
173
161

173

176
171

188
162

175
166
191
172

188
174

167 - 5.2
168 - 1-8
167 i - 1.9
191 ! + 1.5
176 + 0.9

410,838
322,396

414, 782
574,439

1919
1919

94
117

101
120

105
116

98
21

107
72

108 + 1.0
129 !+ 78.2

doz..
doz..
doz..
of d o z . .

619,200
636,300
823,500
18,900
1,578

620,100
579,600
657,900 1,368,900
663,300
780,300
9,000
11,700
1,726
1,688

110
695
130
35
290

91
777
155
20

105
630
179
39
314

i - 6.4
652
3.4
170 - 5.2
24 | - 3 8 . 1
336 1+ 7.0

thous. of l b s . .

5,982

Consumption, raw

bales..

34,772

210
195

Stocks, raw, end of m o n t h

bales..

32,515

148 I - 28.5
192 ! - 1.6
72 .+ 13.2

dolls, per l b . .

Consumption by textile mills
bales..
Stocks, end of month:
Mills
thous. of bales..
Warehouses
thous. of bales..
Visible supply
thous. of bales..
Imports, unmanufactured
bales..
Exports, unmanufactured
bales..
Manufactured goods:
Cotton cloth exports... .thous. of sq. yds..
Fabric consump. by tire
mfrs
Machinery activity:
SpindlesActive
Total activity
Activity per spindle
Prices:
R a w cotton t o producer
R a w cotton, New York
Cotton y a r n
P r i n t cloth
Sheeting

33,875
7,379
202 I.
I

0.2

+

3.9
107.6
39.5
68.0
35.0
2.5

- 17.0

I

dolls, p e r l b . .
dolls, per l b . .
dolls, p e r l b . .
dolls, p e r y d . .
dolls, per y d . .

:
'
!
;
:

.198 j .
.204

j.

.396 ! .
.058 .
.093 .

170

Fine Cotton Goods.
Production

pieces..

Sales

pieces..

386,929
537,402

3,032,570
3,393,693

3,408,930 l:+ 12.4
2,881,366 'I— 15.1

Knit Underwear.
Production

doz..

Orders received
Shipments
Cancellations
Unfilled orders, end of m o n t h . , . t h o u s .

4,134,600 5,646,700 + 36.6
5,326,200 6,054,300 + 13.7
3,831,300 | 5,924,700 + 54.6
65,700
135,900 + 106.8

1920
3 1920
a 1920
«1920
3 1920

105
101
706 1,356
134
145
15
18
344
159

253

I

Silk.
Imports, raw

5,445
31,229
23,036

7.105

4,230
34,212
36,795
7.644

thous. of lbs..
long tons..

25,747
20,542

40,100
22,145

31,409

350,614

378,498

+

8.0

1909-13

11,760

197,978

181,115

-

8.5

1909-13

thous. of short t o n s . .

8,936

6,658

3,610

21,835

32,615

+ 49.4

1913

thous. of long t o n s . .
thous. of long t o n s . .

1,816
2,532

2,034
2,714

12,232
1,343

18,299
23,519

+ 49.6
+ 69.7

1913
1913

Prices, raw, Japanese, N . Y

37,235
250,585

38,940
263,640

178
166
52
201

144

5.978

101
46

214
83

108
58

76
72

82

124

167

167

1913

202

191

U920

184

175

3 1920
1913

4.6
5.2

37

45
164

148

140
54
194

63
195

210

+

7.6

Burlap and Fiber.
Imports:
Burlap
Fiber (unmanufactured)

118 + 55.7
77 !+ 7.8

METALS.
Iron and Steel.
Iron-ore movement
Production:
Pig iron
Steel ingots
2

Six months' average, July to December, inclusive,




13,858
3

125

- 25.5
+ 12.0
+ 7.2

92

94

71

79

119

113

100

108

Eleven months' average, February to December, inclusive.

27
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

August,
1922

September,
1922

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

1922

(+)

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1921

1922
(),
Sept.
from
Aug.

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug.

M E T ALS—Continued.
Iron a n d Steel—Continued.
Merchant pig iron:
Production
thous. of long tons..
Sales
thous. of long tons..
Shipments
thous. of long t o n s . .
Unfilled orders
thous. of long tons..
Stocks, merchant
furnaces
thous. of long t o n s . .
Stocks, steel plants
thous. of long tons..
Exports (comparable)
thous. of long t o n s . .
Imports
thous. of long t o n s . .
Unfilled orders, Steel Corp.,
end of month
thous. of long t o n s . .
Foundry production, Ohio, .per ct. of normal.. j
Wholesale prices:
Pig iron—
j
Foundry No. 2,
!
Northern
dolls, per long t o n . .
Basic, Valley
j
furnace
dolls, per long t o n . . i
Steel billets, Bessemer .dolls, per long t o n . .
Iron and steel
dolls, per long t o n . .
Composite pig iron
dolls, per long t o n . .
Composite steel
dolls, per 100 l b s . .
Composite finished steel, dolls, per 100 l b s . .
Structuralsteel beams.. .dolls, per 100 l b s . .
Locomotives.
Shipments:
Total
Domestic
Foreign
Unfilled orders:
Domestic
Foreign
Freight cars:
Orders, domestic

number.. I
number..
number..
i
number..
number..
number..

192
223
296
1,065

221
182
256

108
280
224
1,132

159
45
119
50

151
31
109
76

599
160
95
13

5,950
71.97

6,692
62.68

32.37

1,435
1,181
1,509

2,119 + 47.7
3,095 +162.1
2,922 + 93.6

75
83
111
106

1914
1914
1914
1914

66
74
115
95

51
68
89
82

58
55
77
71

+
-

15.1
18.4
13.5
12.8

1914
1921
1913
1913

84
95
33
37

41
49
77
147

32
38
56
273

21
24
52
188

20
16
48
288

4,561
14.94

1913
U921

77
117

95
245

98
283

101
348

113 + 12.5
303 - 12.9

36.65

22.96

1913

137

143

162

163

202

229 + 13.2

26.600
36.10
39.71
27. 74
2.36
2.29
1.80

32.625
39.50
43.79
32.48
2.51
2.43
2.10

19.125
29.00
35.34
20.99
2.37
2.25
1.90

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

124
115
137
132
144
141
123

130
113
134
136
138
136
123

170
136
140
158
129
130
106

165
136
142
159
130
131
109

181
140
151
180
137
138
116

222
153
166
211
146
146
137

151
130
21

119
113
6

106
51
55

1913
1920
1920

37
61
53

42
111

7

49
118
24

39 - 21.2
103 - 13.1
7 - 71.4

926
109

1,347
116

102
107

1920
1920

55
21

80
23

104
25

151 + 45.5
27 + 6.4

1,620

10,350

550

8,000

126,020

1913

125

130

15

+538.9

160
83,310

115
40,505

110
36,401

267,692

1,101 + 57.5
514,238 + 92.1

1919
1919

47
71

76
133

68
158

49 , - 28.1
77 - 51.3

60
56
94
32
791

119
115
181
61
383

100
101
96
56
348

120
113
110
49
317

105
95
103

238
230
182
140

197
230
143
130

218
237
132
131

93
93
87

89
90

99
89
87

1,841
85

1,156
733
423

1,338 - 2 7 . 3
319 +275.3

760 585 175 -

34.3
20.2
58.6

- 5.0
- 31.1
- 8.4
+ 52.0

+
+
+
+
+
+
+

22.7
9.4
10.3
17.1
6.4
6.1
16.7

Stokers.
number..,
horsepower..;
Finished I r o n a n d Steel.
Sheets, blue, black, and galvanized:
80.4
Production
per ct. of capacity..
87.2
75.4
Shipments
per ct. of capacity..
82.2
75.0
Sales
per ct. of capacity..
67.0
150.3
Unfilled orders
per ct. of capacity..
144.9
8.4
Unsold stocks
per ct. of capacity..
7.3
Steel barrels:
Shipments
barrels.. 244,271 206,448
37.0
Production
per ct. of capacity..
41.2
322,632
Unfilled orders
barrels.. 309,044
Structural steel, sales
long tons.. :ioii6,820 aolll,420

1920
1920
1920
1920
1920

43.6
41.0
57.0
94.8
18.2
117,112
16.6
240,616
85,995

924,394 1, 723,763 + 86.5

489,174 1,773,060 +262. 5

917

1921
1921
1921
1913

139
132
105
66

1913
1913
1913

21
59
75

111
104
123
51
365

-7.5
- 8.0
+ 11.8
+ 4.1
+ 15.1

184

-I0.5

213
138
124

Copper.
Production
Exports
"W holesale price, electrolytic

thous. of lbs.. ol00,838
thous. of lbs..
62,612
dolls, per l b . .
. 138

95,665
58,167
.138

20,927
60,170
.120

406,471
428, 724

J77,367 !+ 66.6

+ 32.9

87

94
83
87

-

5.1
7.1
0.0

a Six months' average, July to December, inclusive.
4
Ten months' average, March to December, inclusive.
5
Very large percentage increase,
a Revised.
a Revised.
CM These figures are recomputed to a normal capacity of the industry previously estimated at 180,000 tons, in order to make them comparable with figures compiled by
the Structural Steel Society prior to April, 1922. The plant capacity, as shown by the Census Bureau summary of reporting firms, since April, is considerably higher, being
218,155 tons for 137 firms reporting in September.




28
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

August,
1922

September,
1922

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
ncrease

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATESf MONTH.

1921

1922

(+)

or decrease

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

cumulative
1922
from

1921

Percentage increase

1922

or decrease

Sept!
from
Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept. Aug.

1921.

1921.

METALS—Continued.
Zinc.
Production
.
Stocks, end of month
Receipts, St. Louis
Shipments, St. Louis
Price, slab, prime western

thous. of lbs..
. . . .thous. of lbs..
thous. of lbs..
thous. of lbs..
dolls, per l b . .

62,846
43,258
13,355
22,364
.066

66,268
37,612
11,791
16,882
.069

28,734
162,270
17,585
25,402
.048

long tons..
thous. of lbs..
dolls, per l b . .

2,806
8,219
.325

1,236
7,379
.323

1,756
5,796
.268

Receipts, St. Louis
thous. of lbs..
Shipments, St. Louis
thous. of lbs..
Wholesale price, pig, desilverized, dolls, per lb..

16,112
12,284
.059

19,245
10,935
.062

thous. of short tons..
thous. of short tons..
thous. of short tons..
thous. of short tons..

22,328
161
539
1,794

mills, of kw. hours..

315,856
106,263
165,110

501,394

+ 58. 7

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

50
200
64
89
81

99
73
101
83
98

110
70
61
46
103

109
53
48
79
113

1913
1913
1913

163,423 + 53.8
198,197 + 20.0

51
213
27
64
80

95
54
59

95
61
60

128
131
70

196
133
70

152
86
72

67 — 56.0
77 - 10.2
72 — 0.6

115
46
43
59
118

+

5.4

— 13.1
- 11.7
- 24.5

+ 4.5

Tin.
Stocks, end of month
Imports
Wholesale price, pig tin

34,084

94,030 +175.9

11,098
4,553
.046

92,707
44,563

157,179 + 69.5
81,117 + 82.0

1913
1913
1913

256
56
100

203
52
105

369
129
133

265
80
131

294
140
133

351 + 19.4
125 — 11.0
140 + 5.1

40,964
4,979
606
2,244

a 35,893
a 7,385
289
1,423

302,804

267,629 - 11.6
27,178 - 60.8
4,790 + 12.8
19,703 + 35.3

1913
1913
1913
1913

89
98
9
131

90
97
10
134

56
1
16
244

43
2
16
235

56
2
19
169

103 + 83.5
(5)
65
22 + 12.4
212 + 25.1

4,063

4,056

3,375

29,815

34,329

+ 15.1

1919

105

104

118

119

125

125

426
29
26

1,175
89

1,212
287

17,482

— 64.5
— 64.8

18

200

1909-13
1909-13
1909-13

154
130
25

110
100
24

49
14
40

33
6

35

6,208
1,139
255

38

39
10
36

107 +175.8
31 +207.9
48 + 34.6

6.64
5.92
12.80

7.39
5.04
11.13

4.10
2.37
3.19

1913
1913
1913

186
197
115

186
193
131

232
273
277

245
380
441

302
481
525

336 + 11.3
410 - 14.9
456 - 13.0

9.22

10.83

6.92

1913

178

144

184

185

192

225

15.33

14.79

13.34

1913

192

191

189

189

220

212 - 3 . 5

45,246
273,264
49,610
6,465
11,367
1.25
1,572

36,508
172,874
41,574
9,139
17,634
1.00
788

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

198
162
195
226

220
244
221
821

259
107
60

176
165
191
616
817
107
49

786
241
104

225
249
232
707
791
206
113

225
259
230
565
642
134
107

219 260 +
227 —
436 526 134
99 -

Lead.

FUEL AND POWER.
Coal and
Production:
Bituminous coal
Anthracite coal
Beehive coke
By-product coke
Public-utility
electric power

Coke.

69,302
4,246
14,558

- 0 . 2

Coal and Coke.
Exports:
Bituminous
thous. of long tons..
Anthracite
thous. of long tons..
Coke
thous. of long tons..
Wholesale prices:
Bituminous—
Kanawha, f. o. b.
Cincinnati
dolls, per short ton..
Mine average
dolls, per short ton..
Coke, Connellsville.. .dolls, per short ton..
Retail prices:
Bituminous, Chicago.dolls, per short ton..
Anthracite, chestnut,
New York
dolls, per short ton..

3,235

+ 27.5

+ 17.5

Petroleum.
Crude petroleum:
Production
thous. of bbls.. a 46,521
Stocks, end of month
thous. of bbls.. a 271,901
Consumption
thous. of bbls
a 50,141
Imports
thous. of bbls
a 8,385
Shipments from Mexico
thous. of bbls..
13,868
Price, Kansas-Oklahoma.. .dolls, per bbl..
1.25
Oil wells completed
number..
1,709
Gasoline:
Production
thous. of gals.. 549,958
Exports
.
...thous. of gals..
36,010
Domestic consumption
thous. of gals.. 583,688
Stocks, end of month
thous. of gals.. 703,738
Kerosene oil:
Production
. thous. of gals.. 184,383
Stocks
thous. of gals.. 285,520
a Revised.




44,846

354,263

405,616

+ 14.5
i

386,116
86,925
127,396

419,214
101,858
149,020

+ 8.6
+ 17.2
+ 17.0

11,853

13,303

+ 12.2

431,577
35,055
503,513
567,646

3,424,761 3,947,313
447,993
396,834
2 959 961 3,456,453

+ 15.3
+ 12.9
+ 16.8

1919
1919
1919
1919

131
156
176
120

126
114
153
109

159
176
177
175

173
191
198
164

167
117
204
149

143,652
389,893

1,263,100

1,432,512

+ 13.4

1919
1919

74
130

79
124

89
106

99
108

94
95

146

2.7

0.5
1.1
22.9
18.0
0.0
8.0

+ 24.5

29
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

August,
1922

September,
1922

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

1922

Percentage
increase
(+ )
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

Percentage increase
1921
1922
(+)
or decrease
(-),
Sept.
Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept. from
Aug.

FUEL AND POWER—Continued.
Petroleum—Continued.
Gas and fuel oil:
Production
Stocks
Lubricating oil:
Production
Stocks

thous. of gals..
thous. of gals

944,289
366,612

thous. of gals..
thous. of gals..

784,450 6,376,606
1,243,446

88,824
220,668

7,003,062

66,473
242,530

573,256

955,511
947,471

1,151,557 -1-20.5
1,142,439 + 20.6

101,603

630,298

142
172

151

114
141

130
140

126
137

61
85
108
100

123
115
125
97

103
108
122
104

91
116
102
82

85
110
82
116

+

6.8
5.2
19.2
41.4

102
101
99
309

96
97
96
355

107
107
98
327

106
107
96
281

-

1.4
0.3
2.1
14.1

111
112
460
81

105
107
439
59

116
117
446
54

109
110
363
64

||jj+

5.9
5.9
18.6
18.5

114
83
65
125
100
111

114
0.3
79 | - 5.5
|
10.9
72
0.1
125
2.7
103
9.6
122

1919
1919
10.0

123
161

1919
1919

94
150

143

PAPER AND PRINTING.
Wood Pulp.
Mechanical:
Production.
Consumption and shipment..
Stocks, end of month
Imports
Chemical:
Production
Consumption and shipment..
Stocks, end of month
Imports

short
.short
short
short

tons..
tons..
tons..
tons..

109,870
139,935
157,515
13,545

102,350
132,667
127,198
19,153

66,965
95,894
137,672
28,958

131,736 + 29.7

1919
1919
1919
1909-13

short
.short
short
short

tons..
tons..
tons..
tons..

172, 700
171,898
52,442
83,562

170,329
171,452
51,319
71,748

126,514 1,067,095 1,450,242 + 35.9
131,174 1,061,336 1,450,766 + 36.7
48, 782
65,206
2S8.793
652,022 + 125.8

1919
1919
1919
1909-13

75
77
99
173

133,236
134,490
SI, 7S0
1,940

125,402 | 98,898
!
126,494 I 95,785
.
66,570 j 72,004
2,299
1,117

1919
1919
1913
1913

89
88
405
35

83
393
31

260,111
19,902
5,642
193,623
40,944
157,655

260,923
18,810
6,255
193,812
42,046
172,802

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

107
113
60
120
62
93

109
126
60
121
61
99

60
107
75
118

101
88
59
110
S3
! 112

3.522
3.500
3.643

3.504
3.510
3.660

4.886
4.3S8
4.185

1919
1919
1919

128
131
120

131
120
98

96
96
81

95
95
83

95
96
85

94 - 0.5
96 - 0.3
85 n
0.5

87,922
37,473

87,7S2
36,717

62,416
35,586

82
112

110
131

98
122

115
118

115 I- 0.2
116 - 2.0

Newsprint Paper.
Production
short tons
Shipments
short tons..
Imports
short tons..
Exports
short tons..
Stocks, end of month:
Total
short tons..
At mills
short tons..
Jobbers
short tons..
Publishers
short tons..
In transit to publishers
short tons.
Consumption
short tons..
Prices:
Contract, domestic
dolls, per 100 lbs..
Contract, Canadian
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Spot market, domestic, .dolls, per 100 lbs..
Other Paper.
Book:
Production
short
Stocks
short
Paperboard:
Production
short
Stocks
.short
Wrapping:
Production
short
Stocks
short
Fine:
Production
short
Stocks
short
Total, all grades (including newsprint):
Production
short
Stocks
short
Exports (total printing)
short

tons..
tons..

tons..j 195,115
59,627
tons..
tons..
tons..

74,315
62,444

tons..j 33,081
tons..I 37,889
|
tons..; 635,107
tons.. | 264,480
3,288
tons..

910,870 1,069,619
17.4
905,392 1,074,743 + 18.7
562,701
714,648 + 27.0
13,275
21,366 + 60.9

248,461
30,241
5,229
187,872
25,119
140, 758 1,293,167

1,485,400 + 14.!

509,511

707,500 + 38.9

1919
1919

198,248 ; 100,207 1,161,527
57,899 | 58,962
!

1,575,000 + 35.6

1919
1919

85
116

99
108

113
123

102
118

120
110

122 +
106 -

'0,329 \\ 59,095
456,332
54,843
56,313 j.

009,519 + 33.6

1919
1919

97
115

102
103

118
130

113
127

128
114

122 - 5 . 4
100 - 12.2

204,678 + 58.1

1919
1919

66
103

72
98

109 ; 97
105
102

115
103

110 - 4.5
98 - 4 . 4

623,088 | 477,926 j 3,769,749 5,124,748 + 35.
|
249,516
272,807
32,199 + 1.1
31,842
3,624
1,948

1919
1919
1919

86
115
18

93 j 115 107
114
123 117
30
24
13

123
111
21

121
104
5.7
23 + 10.2

2 1919

70

116

132

142 + 7.4
- 10
.

31,576
36,213

20,555 I 167,3
35,994

16
.
2.9

Paper Boxes.
Corrugated board:
Production (Container
Club)
thous. of sq.ft.. 141,097
Production**
thous. of sq. ft.. 115,582
Machinery activity . . .per cent of normal.. i
72
* Six months' average, July to December inclusive




151,516
113,749
78

83,548
54

519,135 1,055,246 + 103.3

78

120

1

f> Figures furnished by the National Association of Corrugated and Fiber Box Manufacturers.

30
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

August,
1922

September,

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

(

t>

or decrease

(-)

1921

1922

378,113

491,155

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

cumulative
1922
from
1921.

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

Percentage increase
(

1922

1921

t>

or decrease
Sept.
from
Aug.

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

PAPER AND PRINTING-Continued.
Paper Boxes—Continued.
Solid fiber board:
Production (Container
Club)
thous. of sq. ft..
Production^
thous. of sq. ft..
Machinery activity
per cent of normal..
Folding boxes:
Production
per cent of capacity..
New orders
per cent of capacity..
Labels:
Production
per cent of capacity..
New orders
per cent of capacity..

68,172
34,406
96

61,841
35,381

80.3
72.4

74.1
66.2

98.6

89.6
68.0

47,361

106

94

95

114

134

122 - 9.3:
+ 2.8

48.9
65.4

1921
1921

110
111

107
137

156
168

155
180

175
151

161 138 -

57.0
61.4

1921
1921

138
126

146
139

163
243

176
203

253
213

230 - 9.1
154 - 27.7

Sept., 1920 84
1918
86
1918
83
1918
150

<*94.1

1919

80
92
82
151

137

76
116
102
132

87
123
109
145

+ 29.9

81

8.0
8.4

Printing.
Activity, weighted
index
Paper purchases, quantities.. .index
Paper purchases, value
index
Sales
index

number.
number.
number..
number..

109

RUBBER.
Crude:
Imports
thous. of lbs..
Consumption by tire mfrs.. .thous. of lbs..
Wholesale price, Para, N. Y . .dolls, per l b . .
Tires:
ProductionPneumatic
thousands..
Solid
thousands..
Inner tubes
thousands..
Domestic shipmentsPneumatic
thousands..
Solid
thousands..
Inner tubes
thousands..
Stocks, end of m o n t h Pneumatic
thousands..
Solid
thousands..
Inner tubes
thousands..

34,546
19,476
0.174

257,255
159,804

470,589 + 82.9
249,238 + 56.0

0.176

44,345
28,051
0.171

1913
1921
1913

343
171
20

358
109
22

528
221
21

157
21

563
188
22

459 - 18.4
157 - 16.9
21 - 2.8

2,905
84
3,808

2,505
83
3,501

1,929
37
3,275

16,295
294
20,062

22,633 + 38.9
538
83.0
27,087 + 35.0

1921
1921
1921

167
158
196

106
106
145

156
187
139

136
202
136

160
238
169

138 - 13.8
234 - 1.2
155 - 8.1

3,030
69
4,220

2,502
68
3,559

2,048
50
2,646

17,869
408
21,428

21,319 + 19.3
492
20.6
26,335 + 22.9

1921
1921
1921

152
152
166

107
114
115

164
144
173

141
137
158

159
158
184

131 - 17.4
152 - 1.4
155 - 15.7

4,629
190
5,207

4,612
200
5,165

3,341
162
3,828

1921
1921
1921

93
94
80

79
70
84

120
74
135

115
76
124

110
82
114

109 - 0.4
87 + 5.3
113 - 0.8

186,562
18,843

144,669
13,648

1919
1919

121
50

105
52

190
99

81

180
92

135 - 25.1
71 - 22.1

26,288
30,322
8,754

19,002
13,840
2,959

91
35
63

158
78
168

139
72
150

157
94
215

126 - 19.9
77 - 17.5
186 I;- 13.3

54,332
33,739

AUTOMOBILES.
Production:
Passenger cars
number.. a249,225
Trucks
number.. o24,200
Shipments:
32,814
By railroad
carloads..
36,754
Driveaways
number of machines..
10,090
By boat
number of machines..

1,696,341
178,886
151,096
113,446
18,494

250,852 + 66.0
214,743 ,+ 89.3
44,826 + 142.4

1920
1920
1920

i

GLASS AND OPTICAL GOODS.

i

Bottles, production
index number..
Illuminating glassware:
Net orders
per ct. of capacity..
Actual production
per ct. of capacity..
Shipments billed
per ct. of capacity..
Spectacle frames and mountings:
Sales (shipments)
index number..
Unfilled orders (value)
index number..

1919
41.1
2S.7
33.1

55.1
43.7
42. G

34.0
22.6
26.2

a Revised.
t> Figures furnished by the National Association of Corrugated aud Fiber Box Manufacturers.
s Twelvemonths' average, May, 1921, to April, 1922, inclusive.




50

50

79 +

6 1921
6 1921
6 1921

71
41
54

93
62
73

132
108
114

101
76
93

112
79
93

150 + 33.9
121 + 53.2
119 + 28.0

1913
1919

179
27

218
35

277
29

210 252
31
30

285 + 13.1
46 ji+ 53.3

73

13
.

31
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
i

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

August,
1922

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

September,
1922

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MUJNTrt.

1921

1922

Percentag
increase
(+)
or decrease
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

1922

1921

BASE
YEAR
OR
! PERIOD.

Percentage in1
crease
or decrease

June. July.

Aug. Sept.

Sept.
from
Aug.

Aug. Sept.

BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION.
Building Costs.
Building materials:
Frame house
Brick house
Building costs
Concrete factory costs
Hotel building costs
Loft offipp Imildinc posts
Subdivided office building
costs

ji

index
index
index
index
index
index

number..
number.
number
number..
number
number

i
1

!

1913
1913
1913
1914

193
160
168

1913
1913

index number

1913

167

Construction and Losses.
"BnilfiiTijy volmnp

181
184
173
174

193 |+
197 +
189 +
192 +

189
193
185
190

2.1
2.1
2.2
1.1

i

I

163 i 159

I

index number

Contracts awarded, floor space:
7,793
Business buildings -,
thous. of sq. ft..
11,262
Industrial buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
23,712
Residential buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
5,228
Educational buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
1,712
Hospitals and institutions.thous. of sq. ft..
270
Public buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
Social and recreational
2,555
buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
Religious and memorial
1,337
buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
54,019
Grand total
thous. of sq. ft..
Contracts awarded, value:
38,122
Business buildings
thous. of dolls..
67,374
Industrial buildings
thous. of dolls..
Residential buildings
thous. of dolls.. 100,883
32,055
Educational buildings
thous. of dolls..
9,383
Hospitals and institutions, .thous. of dolls..
2,603
Public buildings
thous. of dolls..
49,825
Public works and utilities, .thous. of dolls..
Social and recreational
12,446
buildings
thous. of dolls..
Religious and memorial
8,889
buildings
thous. of dolls..
Grand total
thous. of dolls.. 322,007
21,580
Fire losses
thous. of dolls..

188
157
164
166

178
181
170
171
161
166

1913

1

60.4
1919
92.7 j 1919
67.3
1919
52.5
1919
6.1
1919
17.7
1919

;

94 ! U4 ! jg7

118

154

129

111
34
156
425
234
281

95
54
121
360
379
263

84
88
118
273
465
157

98 i+ 16.4
36 - 59.4
114 j - 2.8
190 - 30.3
194 - 58.3
115 ' - 26.7

i
47,508
24,746
138,023
30,642

198

7,174
2,706
21,709
4,238
1,987
501

8,723
2,357

230,873
46,740
9,252
2,774

1,855

1,990

13,869

15,944

1,035
44,275

1,222
41,702

45,907
26,385
101,428
21,214

9 ; 074
4,569
23,059
3,644
714

76,224
47,692

+
+
!
+
+
+
+

75 j 78
21
18
89 j 108
233 ! 221
239
540
87
291 |

+ 15.0

1919

128

157 ! 255

113

202

147

- 27.4

7,273
273,677

10,326 + 42.0
440,589 + 61.0

1919
1919

204
76

275 | 360
89 ! 130

323
111

301
116

233
95

- 22.6
- 18.0

248,264
122,658
596,974
188,146
54,096
17,764
369,813

408,4.58
248,812
994,039
258,600
64,696
27,622
468,299

+ 64.5
+ 102.9
+ 66.5
+ 37.4
+ 19.6
+ 55.4
+ 26.6

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

104
25
114
281
148
133
107

122
26
135
266
364
234
85

152
130
47
75
193
154
444
409
172
338
216 1,237
138
189

113
158
143
322
287
233
119

136
62
143
213
163
118
120

+ 20.4
- 60.8

5,331
1,325
50,379

41,259
11,283
95,303
26,459
11,878
2,620
35,414

+
+

1.0
33.8
43.1
49.0
1.1

12,005

11,693

89,104

96,695

+

8.5

1919

122

168

200

146

179

172

-

3.5

7,259
271,493
41,515

7,778
246,186
25,502

48,049
1,746,460
249,614

70,234

+ 46.1

1919
1919
1919

198
103
115

249

323

284

232

163

150

114

340
160
108

164

96

126
185

- 18.3
- 15.7
+ 92.3

3,943,411 + 22.9

1917
1917
1913

94
89
141

93
86
155

118
80
198

105
80
196

113
81
200

105
88
215

- 7.1
+ 8.1
+ 7.2

3,961,345
3,781,695

+ 59.4
+ 45.4

1917
1917
1913

94
113
114

97
98
114

140
160
147

136
138
158

136
133
179

137
129
212

414,858
367,117
394,134

+ 20.9
+ 62.6
+ 77.5

1918
1918
1918

129
119
116

113
105
121

133
163
147

105
105
110

132
149
169

126;
154 :
134

431,000
310,975

+ 48. 5
+ 61.0

1918
1918
1918

132
113
151

112
115
122

177
167
130

170
127
145

250
214
161

73,617
69,962

+ 19.2
+ 32.4

1917
1917
1917

31
62

72

51
43
58

63
50
43

2,640,203 + 51.1
292,623 + 17.2

115

Lumber.
Southern pine:
391,948 3,290,241
Production
M ft. b. m . . 479,138 445,258
Stocks end of month
Mft. b . m . . 1,117,534 1,207,900 1,183,042
46.12
49.45
35.79
Price, " B " a n d better, dolls, per Mft. b.m..
Douglas fir:
477,222
Production (computed)
M ft. b. m . . 475,878
337,973 2,484,886
415,442
Shipments (computed)
M ft. b. m . . 430,215
316,486 2,601,723
Price, No. 1 common .dolls, per M ft. b. m . .
16.50
19.50
10.50
California redwood:
343,014
42,721
47,312
49,335
Production
M ft. b. m . .
225,784
Shipments
M ft. b. m . .
42,517
43,903
29,817
35,024
Orders received
M ft. b. m . .
222,009
48,661
38,509
California white pine:
290,305
69,240
Production
M ft. b. m . . 131,500
193,175
36,150
Shipments
M ft. b.-m..
68,128
403,083
Stocks
M ft. b. m . . 430,529
MicMgan softwood:
10,901
Production
M ft. b. m . .
61,751
10,836
5,403
8,882
52,821
Shipments
. M ft. b. m . .
9,345
11,048
45,798
Stocks, end of month
M ft. b. m . .
53,607
75,431




I

j
1

37 :
41
74

71

48
47

:

+ 0.3
- 3.4
+ 18.2
- 4.1
+ 3.3
- 20.9

1

63 + 1.0
53 + 5.2
50 + 17.0

32
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

August,
1922

September,
1922

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
MONTH.

1921

1922

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase
! or decrease

(-)
cumulative

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1922
from
1921.

1921

Percentage increase

1922

or decrease
Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

Sept.
from
Aug.

BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION—Con.
Lumber—Continued.
Michigan hardwood:
Production
M ft. b. m.,
Shipments
M ft. b. m..
Stocks, end of month
M ft. b. m.,
Western pine:
Production
M ft. b. m .
Shipments
M ft. b. m .
Stocks, end of month
M ft. b. m .
North Carolina pine:
Production
M ft. b. m .
Shipments
Mft. b. m.
Northern pine:
LumberProduction
M ft. b. m.
Shipments
M ft. b. m .
LathProduction
M ft. b. m .
Shipments
M ft. b. m.
Northern hemlock:
Production
M ft. b. m.
Shipments
Mft. b. m.
Northern hardwood:
Production
M ft. b. m .
Shipments
M ft. b. m .
Exports, planks, scantling, joists. .M ft. b. m .

12,575
16,073
121,257

13,057
13,100
122,956

6,815
9,708
177,676

132,534
68,670

119,117 - 10.1
103,149 ||+ 50.2

1917
1917
1917

51
33
59

44
40
57

45
51
54

+ 3.8
- 18.4
+ 1.4

175,630
161,840
796,220

84,984
176,195
133,116
91,996
925,412 1,101,300

710,805
637,298

1,069,499 + 50.4
1,208,248 + 89.5

1917
1917
1920

92 I 75
145
82 ! 83
158
127 | 125 86

125
141
90

155
147
90

+ 0.3
- 17.7
+ 16.2

162
166

160
186

161 |+ 1.2
190 ;+ 2 1
.

109 , 163 154
|
80 ' 116 114
I

163
130

131 - 19.7
112 - 13.3

207
214

197
345

160 - 18.8
345
0.0

90
108

77
85

69
81

.
1
66 | 29 j 90
86 ! 96 ! 160
59 ! 56!
85

75
162
65

80
170
69

54,600
59,930

55,230
61,180

32,396
30, 758

236,936
472,290 + 99.3
222, 712 I 458,580 + 105.9

1913
1913

65,741
64,980

52,803
56,363

43,767
39,920

345,092
218,634

442,544
432,298

+ 28.2
+ 97.7

1920
1920

134
62

18,877
21,936

15,324
21,948

16, 795
12,708

86,179
95,364

126,143
106,774

+ 46.4
+ 12.0

1920
1920

134 : 175 j 212
261 I 200 i 171

26,112
29,570

25,073
32,333

15,705
25,544

172,382
146,492

220,192
236,506

+ 27.7
+ 61.4

1913
1913

22,522
43,103
123,233

20,412
39,080
106,943

8,196
24,377
100,585

315,473
142,164
821,610

243,979
295,808
1,201,690

- 22.7
+ 108.1
+ 46.3

1913
1913
1909-13

198,432
207,526
207,095

+102.0
+ 98.9
98.6

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

235 I 223 I j 352 361
261 | 280 1 477 404
1
250
273 ! 401 350
393
371 225
230
134
132 530 492

97,175 + 45.8
105,208 + 58.9
109,049 + 52.4

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

84
80
75
202
28

24,641 I 288,017 ! 391,970 + 36.1
46.1
25,931 | 257,421 | 376,007
141,017 !
187,485
432,710 H + 130.8
25,512
27,033

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

52
49
52
51 ,
103 , 102
47
50 ;
29
29 i

89,864 + 83.1

1919
1919
1919

27
27
100

1919
1919
1919
41920
1913
1913

92 ;
89 !

158
163

61 | 42
59 | 70

67
89

-4.0
+9.3

72
-9.4
154
-9.2
60 - 13.2

Flooring.
Oak flooring:
Production
M ft.
Shipments
M ft.
Orders booked
M ft.
Stocks, end of month
M ft.
Unfilled orders, end of month.M ft.
Maple flooring:
Production
M ft.
Shipments
Mft.
Orders booked
M ft.
Stocks, end of month
M ft.
Unfilled orders, end of month.M ft.

b.
b.
b.
b.
b.

m.
m.
m.
m..
m..

27,669
27,037
25,971
21,054
37,173

23,903
25,672
21,991
21,120
35,957

14,900
15,837
16,667
33,415
9,552

98,220
104,316
104, 290

b.
b.
b.
b.
b.

m..
m..
m..
m..
m..

13,047
14,002
11,950
23,272
22,668

7,510
12, 518
9,472
12, 705
9,632
12,093
28,893
23,111
22,397 ! 10,868

66,641
66, 205
71,555

Brick.
Clay fire brick:
Production
thousands..
Shipments
thousands..
Stocks, end of month
thousands..
New orders
thousands..
Unfilled orders
thousands..
Silica brick:
Production
thousands..
Shipments
thousands..
Stocks, end of month
thousands..
Fnce brick:
Production
thousands..
Stocks, in sheds and kilns
thousands..
Unfilled orders
thousands..
Shipments
thousands..
Prices:
Common red, New York.dolls, per thous..
Common salmon, Chicago, dolls, per thous..

51,828
49,075
162,876
52,300
74,399

48,839
52,693
156,899
59,771
79,511

9,666
11,687
35, 743

12,861
11,332
37,108

4,633
3,883
42,341

49,075
40,969

90, 763 + 121.5

46,849
91,339
75,825
46, 710

51,674
100,559
80,886
43,621

41,06ti
125,850
40,387
34,848

297,062

402,711 + 35.6

19.00
8.72

16.75
8.80

15.25
8.46

* Ten months' average, March to December, inclusive.




244,463

372, 716 + 52.5

75 i | 118 104
109
80 121
68 ; 98
i
78
187 ! 173 159
j
28 i 69
;
65

358 j|- 13.6
415
427 |!- 5.0
450
425 360 - 15.3
234 - 235 ;+ 0.3
513
496 " i; — 3.3
130
118
84
151
59

li
125
107
85
150
58
96
104
113
116
85

ij|||+
|j_
||-

4.1
9.3
1.2
0.7
1.2

95
90
111
112
61

114
108
72

117
102
79

33
28
101

82
76
93

81
89
90

69
83
86

118
160
55
128

91
141
47
108

132
133
104
175

116
123
105
156

104
102
88
144

114
113
94
135

225
172

232
171

307
178

307
186

290
177

255 - 11.8
178 + 0 9
.

- 5.8
+ 7.4
- 3.7
+ 14.3
+ 6.9

91 + 33.1
81 - 3.0
89
3.8
+ 10.3

+ 10.1
+ 67
.
-6.4

33
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

September,
1922

Corresponding
month,
August
or
Septem-

CUMULATIVE TOTAL

or decrease
(-)
cumulative

THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase
(+)
BASE
YEAR
OR

192l'

1922

or decrease

PERIOD.

1922
from
1921.

1922

1921

Percentage increase

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

Sept.
from
Aug.

BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION—Con
Cement.
Production
Shipments
Stocks, end of month
Price, Portland

thous. of bbls.
thous. of bbls.
thous. of bbls.
dolls, per bbl.

11,664
14,361
<*5, 746
1.64

11,424
12,444
4,723
1.75

10,027
11,329
6,953
1.59

78,435
22,775
82,536

75,766
21,195
79,722

54,377 | 344,823
31,474
57,024
345,489

94,219
58,483
98,765

88,161
52,826
99,232

66,328 | 520,640
118,272
492,164
67,381

1,047,972 + 112.9

95,235
59,400
102,617

90,456
58,034
112,951

73,101
127,822
77,359

576,344

827,437 + 43.6

42,634
59,088
56,516

47,450
49,975
57,813

37,268
94,134
38,359

299,043
275,088

227

72,307
74,045

81,563 + 12.8
88,684 + 19.8

1913
1913
1913
1913

133

131

147

151

152

167

152

182

187

194

74

62

96

75

51

170

159

158

158

163

1919
1919
1919

163

157
75
82

238
90

204

227

71

54

184

142

1919
1919
1919

135
92

145
85
92

224
49
221

1919
1919
1919

134

134

197

103 |

102

66

125
132

532,077 + 93.4

1919
1919
1919

1,308

4,329 +231.0

149 2.1
168 ! - 13.3
42 - 17.8
173 + 6.7

Sanitary Ware.
Baths, enamel:
Orders shipped
number.
Stocks
number.
Orders received
number.
Lavatories, enamel:
Orders shipped
number.
Stocks
number.
Orders received
number.
Sinks, enamel:
Orders shipped
number.
Stocks
number.
Orders received
number.
Miscellaneous, enamel:
Orders shipped
number.
Stocks
number.
Orders received
number.
Sanitary pottery:
Orders received., .number pieces per kiln.

737

633,752 + 83.8

553,368 1,093,086 + 97.5
398,013 + 33.1

184
45
151

206
42
134

193
38
135

-6.4
- 9.7
+ 0.5

174

166

47

46

189

160
56
141

131
118
92

171

142

83

79

177

53

1919
1919

802,732 + 54.2

118

- 3.4
- 6.9
-3.4

1919

819,779 + 137.3

219
50
114

81
50

116
89

81 j

117

- 5.0
- 2.3
128 + 11.1

147

150
74
135

167
63
138

+ 11.3
- 15.4
+ 2.3

97

129

171

205

+ 19.4

108
70

106

114

105

117
135

+ 2.7
+ 99.5

140
91
194

118

Abrasive Paper and Cloth.
Domestic sales

reams.

Foreign sales

reams.

77,838
6,184

79,945
12,338

54,929
4,540

391,850
36,592

643,614 + 64.3
67,693 + 85.0

59,881
6,229
37,192
5,540
8,841

50,587
6,689
30,220
4,369
7,144

32,806
5,427
16,327
6,772
3,222

268,958
38,076
143,967
43,951
34,500

358,763
32,384
208,246
56,155
42,926

342,500
259,982
54,282
28,236

349,648
267,232
56,229
26,187

386,430
301,094
53,821
31,515

1921
1921
1921
1921

.201
.182

.213
.183

.141
.160

1913
1913

76

U,509
30,629
7
130,103
22,822
76,067

U,491
31,934
7
131,265
25,266
73,170

1,507
20,683
49,507
25,683
67,545

1919
1919
1919
1921
1921
1921

86
143
51
105
105
121

177,672
407,794

174,682
413,250

193,043
408,038

1921
1921

97,873
165,277

97,555
164,191 |

112,462
177,126

1921
1921

HIDES AND LEATHER.
Hides.
Imports:
Total hides and skins
thous. of lbs..
Calfskins
thous. of lbs.
Cattle hides
thous. of lbs..
Goat skins
thous. of lbs..
thous. of lbs..
Sheep skins
Stocks, end of month:
Total hides and skins..
thous. of lbs..
Cattle hides
thous. of lbs..
Calf and kip skins
thous. of lbs..
Sheep and lamb skins.. .thous. of lbs..
Prices:
Green salted, packer's heavy
native steers
dolls, per l b . .
Calfskins, country No. 1
dolls, per l b . .
Leather.
Production:
Sole
thous. of backs, bends, and sides.
Skivers
doz
Oak and union harness
stuffed sides..
Finished sole and belting
thous. of lbs..
Finished upper
thous. of sq. ft..
Stocks, end of month:
Sole and belting
thous. oflbs..
Upper
thous. of s q . f t . .
Stocks, in process of tanning:
Sole and belting
----thous. oflbs..
Upper
thous. of s q . f t . .

+
+
+
+

33.4
14.9
44.6
27.8
24.4

1909-13
1909-13
1909-13
1909-13
1909-13

105
63

- 15.5
+ 7.4
158 - 18.7
53 - 21.1
135
19.2

138
92
100

79
77
92
73

79
77
93
86

81
79
96
80

2.1
2.8
3.6
7.3

99

!

68
167

109

116

97

107

28

79
77
92
83

81
123

93
53
125
59

97

6.0
0.5

98

i

12,771
142,258
496,763
222,211
486,407

12,999
192,203
861,275
217,235
633,958

+
+
\+
+

18
.
35.1
73.4
2.2
30.3

!
l

j
• ;

:

[

\\
I
|

!

95 I
95!

91 I
106

72
138

74 I

79
137

112

110

52

101

100
100

92
92

116

113

92
108 ! 131

100
97

100
96

103

96 1 92
102 !

98
106

101
108

97

99 j 101

126

1.2
4.6
0.9
10.7
3.8
1.7
1.3

100

0.3
0.7

a Revised.
7
Not exactly comparable with monthly figures prior to July, 1922. The index numbers have been computed by chain relatives and take account of the percentage
variation rather than the absolute variation in the figures, and hence show the trend of the movement irrespective of the change in the number of firms reporting.

15566°—22




3

34
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

August,
1922

DATA.
CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Corresponding
month,
August
or
Septem-

September,
1922

ordecumulative

1921

INDEX

Percentageincrease
BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1922
from
1921.

1922

192l'

NUMBERS.

1921

Percentage increase

1922

or decrease
(-)
Sept.
from
Aug. Sept.! June. July. Aug. Sept.
Aug.
i

HIDES AND LEATHER—Continued.
Lea ther—C ontinued.
Exports:
Sole
thous. of lbs..
Upper
thous. of sq. ft..
Prices:
Sole, hemlock, middle No. 1. .dolls, per lb..
Chromecalf, " B " grades, .dolls, per sq. ft..
Leather Products.
Belting sales:
Quantity
thous. of lbs.,
Amount
thous. of dolls..
Boots and shoes:
Production
thous. of pairs..
Exports
thous. of pairs.
Wholesale p r i c e s Men's black calf, blucher,
Massachusetts
dolls, per pair.
Men's dress welt, tan calf,
St. Louis
dolls, per pair.
Women's black kid, Goodyear
welt, St. Louis
dolls, per pair.

1,064
6,478

858
>,438

.350

.350
.465

8,650
27,311

858
3,822
.340

.435

591
967

475
797

28,077
434

28,961
421

6.40
4.81

- 19.4
-0.6

5.00

312 ;
525 '

121
195

1919
1919

7.00

4.60

1913
1913
1913
1913

417

6.50

12,954 + 49.8
60,328 ! + 120.9

121

124 | 124
161 i 161

48

195

128
158

124
173

0.0
6.9

71

- 19.6
- 17.6

84 i 102
46
52

105 + 3 1
.
50 - 3 0
.

42

50

225

225 I

209

209

209

205 -

158

158

145

145

145

152

1913

- 50.C

129

1913

3,843

1919
1913

1913

7,777 I

167

167

138

138

138

141 +

1920
1920
1920
1920

24
24
23
82

29
31
29
81

62

107

72
75
74
112

70
76
73
111

130
115

250
73

115
98

15
.

+ 46
.

j
4.15

5.00

4.23

19
.

CHEMICALS.
Production:
Acetate of lime
thous. of lbs.,
Wood alcohol
galls.
Consumption, wood, carbonized
cords.
Stocks, wood
cords.
Imports:
Potash
long tons.
Nitrate of soda
long tons.
Exports:
Sulphuric acid
thous. of lbs.
Dyes and dyestuffs
thous. of dolls.
Total fertilizer
long tons.
Price index numbers:
Crude drugs
index number.
Essential oils
index number.
Drugs and Pharmaceuticals, index number.
Chemicals
weighted index number.
Price, sulphuric acid 66° N.Y.dolls, per 100 lbs.

8,532
480,200
55,430
938,720

2,937
155,020
17,744
697,566

24,288
42,474

3,359
52,081

14,023
19,646

673
464
97,525

258
374
55,518

33,126 i
65,182
)6.7
2,223,669 I 3,678,970 4- 65.4
247,245
407,376 + 64.7

621
453
105,358

58,346
334,955

205,703 +252.6
321,407 - 4.0

1909-13
1909-13

10,071
10,943 + 0.2
5,483
3,750 — 31.6
667,024 ! 708,383 + 6.2

1909-13
1909-13
1909-13

16 - 86.2
121 + 22.6

42 - 61.7
169
110
101
177
404
2,110 1,564 11,194 1,454 1,604 1,292 - 19.4
94
52
64 j 56
54 - 43.1
102 I

1914
1914
1914
1913
1913

.70

.70

barrels.
barrels.

34,346
25,849

29,797
29,601

29,204
55,509

195,507

barrels.
barrels.

10C,008
329,208

100,522
335,702

86,008
324,486

511,743

.90 .

126
142
123
158
90

123
138
119
147
90

177
133
115
157
80

178
130
115
156
71

177
135
115
152
70

182
131
121
149
74

1919-20
1919-20

222
170

192
179

205
35

212
53

225
83

196 - 13.2
95 + 14.5

1919-20
1919-20

162

154
169

180
149

176
160

190
171

180 - 5 . 2
175 + 2.0

10 |
246 !

8
9
237 182

15 + 65.6
128 - 29.3

101 108
126 99

136 + 37.1

11

79 +620.1

12
17
9
20
147 136

92 +446.9
151 +638.4
117 - 14.1

+ 2.8
- 3.0
1 5.2
+
-2.0

0.0

NAVAL STORES.
Turpentine:
Net receipts
Stocks
Rosin:
Net receipts
Stocks

FATS AND OILS.
Total vegetable oils:
Exports
thous.
Imports
thous.
Oleomargarine:
Production
thous.
Consumption
thous.
Cottonseed.
Cottonseed stocks
Cottonseed oil:
Stocks
Production
Price, New York




183,148

700,299

-

6.3

+ 36.7

171 i

of lbs.
of lbs.

2,584
38,830

4,279 |
27,452 1

8,239
45,177

229,471
216,492

52,527
480,175

- 77.1
+121.8

1913
1913

of lbs.
of lbs.

13,043
11,754

17,112 j
17,723 I

139,215 !
151,737 |

112,403
123,677

- 19.3
- 18.5

1913
1913

141 : 136 j 104 ;

10,113 !

tons.

55,995

1919

76 |

thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.
dolls, per lb.

10,039
13,354
.099

403,223
54,906
98,609
.085

i

390,970 j .
51,167
99,803

796.089

429,166

1919
1919
1913

21 : 28
7 0 • 211

150 I

27
45
121

149 |
i

85

85 I

4

I

i
20 |

11 |
136 j 154 !

35
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

August,
1922

September,
1922

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

1921

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

1922

<+)

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

BASE
YEAR
OR

Percentage increase

1922

1921

or decrease

PERIOD.

from
Aug.

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

FATS AND OILS—Continued.
Flaxseed.
Receipts:
Minneapolis
thous. of bushs.
Duluth
thous. of bushs.
Shipments:
thous. of bushs..
Minneapolis
thous. of bushs..
Duluth
Stocks:
Minneapolis
thous. of bushs..
Duluth
thous. of bushs..
Linseed oil:
Shipments from Minneapolis, thous. of lbs..
Linseed-oil cake:
Shipments from Minneapolis.thous. of lbs..

368
21

895
527

559
399

77
47

175
189

197

70
9

21
334

928
978

5,536

11,237

!,316

75,790

65,196

14.0

1913

5,297

15,164

5,060

134,480

77,311

42.5

1913

66

27

1,306,804
984,294 - 24.6
1,403,608 1,136,996 - 19.0

1919
1919
1919

9 57
9 73
954

56
51
50

51
47
56

3,755
2,614

2,854
1,217

24.0
53.4

1913
1913

3,043

795
977

11.0
67.9

1913
1913

129
23

1913
1913

461
32

+ 143.2

12

112 +127.3
17 +302.1

126
28

-

70.0

+ 103.0

55
14

+186.3

18

Following figures are quarterly.
Crude vegetable oil:
Production
thous. of lbs 9 202,045 294,453
Consumption
thous. of lbs 9 316,395 297,309
thous. of lbs.. 9 297,830 283,997
Stocks
Refined vegetable oil:
thous. of lbs 9 141,128 111,421
Production
....thous. of l b s . . 9 176,337 239,911
Consumption
96,279
Stocks
.. .thous. of l b s . . 9 254,089
Cottonseed oil—crude:
thous. of l b s . . 9 43,768 119,195
Production
64,025
thous. of l b s . . 9 95,775
Consumption
54,906
Stocks
thous. of lbs.. 9 12,194
Peanut oil—crude and virgin
1,236
Production
thous. of l b s . . 9 6,831
6,260
Consumption
9 8,487
thous. of lbs
1,141
thous. of lbs.. 9 4,876
Stocks
Coconut or copra oil—crude:
34,217
Production
thous. of lbs.. 9 47,444
73,597
Consumption
...thous. of lbs.. 9 62,046
...thous. of l b s . . 9 131,001 108,557
Stocks
Corn oil—crude:
thous. of lbs.. 9 23,917 | 26,626
Production
Consumption
23,307
thous. of l b s . . 9 21,306
thous. of lbs.. 9 7,073 j 8,139
Stocks
Linseed oil:
Production
thous. of l b s . . 9 70,349 I 103,400
Consumption
...thous. of lbs.. 9 92,605 ! 89,096
69,036
...thous. of lbs.. 9 97,034
Stocks
Fish oil:
44,433
Production
thous. of lbs
38,720
Consumption
...thous. of l b s . . 9 31,324
59,547
Stocks
...thous. of lbs.. 9 48,412
Animal fats:
Production
...thous. of l b s . . 9 516,487 456,441
Consumption
...thous. of l b s . . 9 129,838 131,879
Stocks
...thous. of lbs.. 9 247,235 161,034
Greases:
83,206
Production
...thous. of l b s . . 9 97,772
Consumption
57,658
...thous. of l b s . . 9 60,635
45,029
Stocks
...thous. of l b s . . 9 57,445
Derivatives:
Production
...thous. of lbs.. 9 398,792 465,527
Consumption
...thous. of lbs.. 189,511 237,138
...thous. of l b s . . 188,476 126,595
Stocks
5

Very large percentage increase.




325,521
326,390
253,595

+ 45.7
— 6.0
- 4.6

179,066
305,542
126,385

970,151
901,793

602,275 - 37.9
661,099 - 26.7

1919
1919
1919

966
993
9 117

38
85
45

24 > 21.0
67 : + 36.1
34 - 62.1

142,990
128,850
50,576

779,050
877,287

426,956 - 45.2
461,588 - 47.3

1919
1919
1919

943
»88
934

40
39
45

33 +172.3
19 — 33.2
49 +350.3

9,833
13,354
8,121

28,291
34,919

19,141 - 32.3
26,299 - 24.6

1919
1919
1919

953
9 19

45
25
34

6
81.9
12 — 26.2
5 - 76.6

34,439
64,992
77,219

77,401
179,294

135,065 + 74.5
206,091 + 14.9

1919
1919
1919

9 37
950
9 45

64
62
50

63
27.9
70 + 18.6
70 - 17.1

25,004
19,568
7,335

59,702
48,811

77,527 + 29.8
73,517 + 50.6

1919
1919
1919

9 78
9 71
973

103
87
91

95

107,716
65,324
69,601

345,284 |
169,963

298,690 - 13.5
256,097 + 50.6

1919
1919
1919

9

105
9 141
9 127

95
138
106

62
196
148

91 + 47.0
188
3.8
106 i - 28.9

27,007 j

55,265 +104.6
86,431 +106.8

1919
1919
1919

9 31
9 137
»136

284
175
120

108
320
109

540
395
133

+399.7
+ 23.6
+ 23.0

1,503,104 + 5.2
406,337 - 12.1

1919
1919
1919

9 135
9 108
9 232

114
106
137

141
90
179

124

I

279,801 + 9.6
179,527 + 42.5

1919
1919
1919

9 127
9
89
9 157

111
82
148

140
118
85

1919
1919
1919

9 101

162

151
91
103

23,384
17,139
53,637 !

41,786 ;

419,742 I 1,428,381
153,237 I 462,633
189.089 ;
77,492
42,174
99,407

255,236
125,941

429,836
193,489
141,169

950,262
543,284

8

1,347,575 + 41.8
636,638 + 17.1

!

Index number less than one.

9

109

Previous quarter, June 30.

104
101

+ 11.3
+ 9.4
+ 15.1

11.6

91 ;+ 1.6
117 i _ 34.9
119
112
67

_ 14.9
_ 4.9
-

21.6

+ 16.7
+ 21.5
69 _ 32.8

176
114

36
TREND OF BUSINESS

MOVEMENTS—Continued.

NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at' end
of bulletin.

August,
1&2

September,
1922

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

I N D E X NUMBERS.

Percentage1
increase |

1922

or decrease
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

1921

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

Percentage increase

1922

or decrease
Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

Sept',
from
Aug.

FATS AND OILS—Continued.
Oil, Seed, and Nuts.
Reported quarterly.
Peanuts, hulled:
Consumption
Stocks
Copra:
Consumption
Stocks
Corn germs:
Consumption
Stocks

short tons..
short tons..

893
191

1,584
970

8,731

7,431 - 14.8

1919
1919

9 12
9 13

26,964
6,542

26,382
10,849

57,867

99,549 + 72.0

1919
1919

9 33
9 13

short tons.. 9 35,086
9 510
short tons..

33,279
641

35,012
370

85,078

107,829 + 26.7

1919
1919

9 74
948

short tons.. 9 96,358
short tons.. 9 24,852

Consumption
Stocks

0 3,046
9 344

short tons.. 9 31,741
short tons.. 9 10,507

<
*

156,316
50,763

162,747
53,354

517,643

440,642 - 14.8

1919
1919

9 103
9 169

FOODSTUFFS.
Wheat.
Production, monthly estimate:
0
Winter
thous. of bushs.. 1 541,809 541,809
Spring
thous. of bushs.. 10 268,314 11 268,314
Total
thous. of bushs.. 10 810,123 1810,123
38,964
31,839
Exports, including flour thous. of bushs..
78,958
44,097
Visible supply
thous. of bushs..
57,735
Receipts, principal markets.. thous. of bushs..
60,644
Shipments, principal markets, thous. of bushs..
32,081
48,846
Wheat flour:
12,271
12,540
Production
thous. of bbls..
11,081
10,080
Consumption.
thous. of bbls.,
8,300
8,100
Stocks
thous. of bbls.
Prices:
1.129
1.178
No. 1, northern Chicago.. .dolls, per bush.
1.071
1.057
No. 2, red winter, Chicago.dolls, per bush.
Flour, standard patents,
6.344
6.995
Minneapolis
dolls, per bbl.
Flour, winter straights,
5.360
5.525
Kansas City
dolls, per bbl.

1543,879
U96,776
1740,665
38,950
87,197
61,406
40,300
13,349
11,654
8,265

172,956 - 41.5
345,304
229,970

283,988 - 17.8
197,630 - 14.1

1909-13
1909-13
1909-13
1913
1913
1919
1919

- 70.7
-44.6
- 15.9
- 37.7

49

- 5.2
+ 25.7

8
3

90 + 62.2
170 +104,3

123 1123
10 80 io«O
0 108 U 0 8
562
327
96
170
218
195
263
202

123
107
117
153
95
67
110

123 10 123 1123
0.0
113 [0 109 1109
0.0
118 U 1 8
119
0.0
267 - 18.3
327
160
154 + 79.1
86
79
183 193
126
4.8
161 - 34.3
245
108

138
143

84
90
58

106
97
75

126
124

+

2.2
9,9
2.5

124 109 +

4.2
1.3

1914
1919
1919

137
124

1.365
1.276

1913
1913

142
125

150
130

137
118

142
117

129
107

8.318

1913

177

182

164

170

153

-

9.3

6.681

1913

167

174

167

162

144

139 -

3.0

1909-13
1913
1913
1919
1919
1913

331
161
196
244
138

1116
448
158
244
305
145

111
280
393
208
220
127

106 10 105 "107
292
341
231
265
119
166
173
163
235
294
246
216
126
135
146

1913

91

88,286
73,059

88,050 77,185 +

0.3
5.6

129
136 +

Corn.
Production, monthly estimate, mills, of bushs.
Exports, including meal
thous. of bushs.
Visible supply
thous. of bushs.
Receipts, principal markets.. .thous. of bushs.
Shipments,principalmarkets.thous. of bushs..
Grindings(starchandglucose).thous. of bushs..
"Prices, contract grades,
No. 2, Chicago
dolls, per bush..

i»2,853
12,325
10,007
24,380
21,728
5,650

112,896
9,769
13,952
35,296
19,136
6,108

"3,152
18,937
13,262
36,561
26,961
6,092

.622

.635

.538

ni,230

"1,079

22,418
35,968

19,016
61,824

4,870

678

.384
196,431

5,086
5,357

.590

.607

1.5
20.7
39.4
44.8
11.9

i163,399

5,081
3.671

+
+
+
-

.384

107,532

143,044 + 33.0

251,217
176,056
39,760

299,905 + 19.4
207,172 t.1
49,101 + 23.5

103

100

+ 8.1

102 + 2.1

Other Grains.
Oats:
Production, monthly est. .thous. of bushs.. io 1,230
Receipts, principal
25,371
markets
thous. of bushs..
38,355
Visible supply
thous. of bushs..
Exports, including meal
2,286
Prices, contract grades,
Chicago
dolls, per bush..
.335
Barley:
Production, monthly est. .thous. of bushs..
10 196,431 ii
Receipts, principal
4,121
markets
thous. of bushs..
2,086
Exports
thous. of bushs..
Price, fair to good, malting,
.568
Chicago
dolls, per bush..
9
Previous quarter, ending June 30.




1909-13

6,615

160,654 -

4.5

27,757 +319.6

"95

111

111 10 109 1109

1913
1913
1913

197
347

92
355

85
245

81
211

123
220

56

22

236

153

76

1913

168,300

10 95

96

102

99

99

102

107

10108 "108

"90

1909-13
32,033
20,410

27,482 - 14.2
13,168 - 35.5

10 90

1913
1913

315

56
367

11
0

97

71

1913

io October 1 estimate.

10

11

25
172

97

45
143

103

91

November 1 estimate.

0.0

108 - 11.6
207 - 6.2
161 +113.0
+14.6
0.0

56 + 23.3
251 + 76.0
94

+ 8.0

37
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
N U M E R I C A L DATA.

CorreNOTE.—Detailed tables covering all i t e m s are

given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

August,
1922

September,
1922

sponding

month.
August
or
September,

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST

BASE
YEAR
OR

or decrease
cumulative

MONTH.

1921

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

1921.

age increase

1922

!

or decrease

PERIOD.

1922
from
1921

1922

1921

Aug.

from
Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept. Aug.

FOODSTUFFS—Continued.
Other Grains—Continued.
Rye:
Production, monthly est. .thous. of bushs..
Receipts, principal

1 79,623
0

"79,623

"64,332

1909-13

14 085

11,980

5,488

23,536

41 413

4,623
Exports, includingflour..thous. of bushs..
.723
Price, No. 2, Chicago
dolls, per bush..
Total Grains.
Total production, estimate.. .thous. of bushs.. i°5,169,350
Total grain exports, incl.flour.thous.of bushs.. 60,284
Car loadings of grain and grain products, .cars.. 56,177
Other Crops.
Rice:
Receipts at mills .
thous. of bags
449
Shipments, total from mills., thous. of lbs.. 51,965
Shipments, through New
22,683
Orleans
thous. of lbs.
Stocks, end of monthDomestic, at mills and
dealers
thous. of lbs.. 40,228
Foreign in warehouses thous of lbs
10 700
Imports
thous. of lbs.
2,066
Exports
thous. of lbs.. 26,118

11,163

3,720

25,480

36,318

.715

+ 76 0
+ 42.5

1,060

"5.212.059 "5,198,603
61,312
67,642
51,308

1913
1913
1913

1909^13
455,910

393,243

-

13.7

1913

55,272

io 184 " 1 8 4

228

228 10228

0.0

1228
-

926
141
111 1,088
424
480
2,070 2,400 3,215 1,803 2,983 7,207
112
114
135
139
167
168

14.9

+141.5
- 1 . 1

10 110 " 1 1 0
326
435

113

110 10109 " 1 1 0

208

209

290

295

+ 0.8
+ 1.7

142

102

129

144

132

- 8 . 7

1919

154

909

768

6,636

5,086

— 23 4

1919

161

126

7

3

74

149

79,047

75,204

911,554

592,322

-

35.0

1919

149

123

46

44

85

129

+102.4
+ 52.1

24,397

27,144

311,855

205,339

-

34 2

1919

150

107

56

53

89

96

+ 7.6

62,141

68,634

1919

86

85

94

63

50

77

+ 54.5

7 127

1919

41

28

51

49

42

2,520

51,570

44,481

54,577

489,440

322,106

w203,667 "205,539

1919

52

19

25

15

15

38

+148.3

-

1919

197

174

149

105

83

38

-

62

58

114

117

115

116

46

3

"102,290

1,397

— 13.7

1909-13

5,129
11,942

792

34.2

54.3

Apples:
Production, m o n t h l y est

thous. of b u s h s .

Cold-storage holdings
thous. ofbbls
Car-lot shipments
carloads..
Potatoes, car-lot shipments
carloads.
Onions, car-lot shipments
carloads
Citrus fruit, car-lot shipments
carloads..
Hay production, mo. est. .thous. of short tons..
Cattle and Beef.
Receipts, primary markets
thousands..
Shipments, primary markets
thousands..
Shipments, stocker and feeder
thousands..
Slaughter .
. thousands.

1919

4,312

12,607

13,146

40,926

35,237

17,389

23,244

26,040

147,991

174,262

2,201

4/234

3,362

IS,179

17,632

1,908

69,692

48,420

1,888

3,661

1 92,886 "92,886
0

2,373

a 1,906

14,132

16,005

1,035

1,241

a 911

5,726

6,880

469

597

a 395

2,140

2,967

1,107

986

8,319

9,001

t h o u s . of l b s . .

13,751

13,832

18,568

150,753

134,959

. . . . t h o u s . of l b s . .

a 48,291

53,566

1919

193

480

18

35

63

1919

174

277

148

122

116

155 i +

1919

193

185

54

75

126

243

68
67
io 121 " 1 4 3

141

1919

71

35
35
45
141 i°141 " 1 4 1

33.7
+ 92.4

-

i.e
0.0

1919

91

93

86

83

105

116

1919

95

102

78

75

116

139

+ 10.4
+ 19.9

1919

81

90 (

72

51

107

136

+ 27.3

1919

87

86

93

88

97

97

1913

+ 13.3
+ 20.2
+ 38.6
+108.2
- 10.5

a 59,822

E xports of beef products

+192.4

13.1

-

1909-13

1,106

186

j

+ 17.8
- 3.0
- 30.5

"94,619

2,149

+ 0.9

81

136

136

146

112

101

102

+ 0.1
+ 0.6

22

+ 10.9
1
1
+ 3.3

Cold-storage holdings of beef (1st
of following m o n t h )

1919

Inspected slaughter production .thous. of lbs

437,813

406,110

2,911,410

3,191,658

A p p a r e n t consumption

425,163

a 407 509

2,875,382

3 124 759

thous. of lbs

+ 96
+ 87

i

28

25

21

20

20

1913

118

119

125

119

127

1919

91

89

94

89

95

Prices, Chicago:
10.375

10.713

1913

103

114

122

126

15.50

15.50

16.00

1913

124

98
123

104

Beef, fresh native steers, .dols. per 100 l b s . .

112

114

120

120

0.0

Beef, steer r o u n d s , No. 2.dolls, per 100 l b s . .

16.40

14.90

14.40

1913

122

110

123

130

125

114

-9.1

Cattle, corn-fed

dolls, per 100 l b s . .

8.375

Hogs and Pork.
30,270

30,960

71

71

101

80

81

82

10,869

+ 2.3
+ 4.3

1919

10,418

1919

78

80

93

86

89

97

385

442

+ 14.8

1919

31

55

76

41

41

44

+ 0.8
+ 8.3
+ 6.5

19,825

20,097

+

1.4

1919

68

67

106

76

78

76

- 3 . 0

20 8

1913

213

212

146

163

156

146

- 5 . 9

4 0

1913

94

87

149

117

109

1919

152

169

178

175

173

1919

85

61

94

91

81

62

7.950

1913

116

95

122

121

104

110

+ 5.5

27.40

1913

192

184

135

160

173

191

+ 10.6

Receipts, primary markets
Shipments, primary markets
Shipments, stocker and feeder

thousands..
thousands..
thousands..

3,037

3,062

1,065

1,153

31

33

41

Slaughter

thousands..

1,976

1,917

a 1,697

127 667

120 124

173 989

1 363 806 1 080 733

E x p o r t s , p o r k products

thous. of lbs

a 2,655
a 951

Inspected slaughter production, . t h o u s . of l b s . .

525 889

451 662

4 822 292

4,627,999

A p p a r e n t consumption

485,361

! a 424,972

3 253,391

3 605 402

a 739,425

565,146 ! a 557,016

t h o u s . of lbs

+ 10 8

Cold-storage holdings, pork p r o d u c t s ,
(1st of following m o n t h )

t h o u s . of lbs

-

23.6

Prices:
Hogs, h e a v y , Chicago

dolls, per 100 l b s .

8.688

9.169

dolls, per 100 l b s . .

25.60

28.40

Pork, loins, fresh,
Chicago




a Revised.

10

October 1 estimate.

11

November 1 estimate.

38
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL ]DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed t&oles covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

Correspondin

August,
1922

September,
1922

*L
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MUKT.H.

1921

1922

17,394
7,690
1,651
9,725
325,120

15,188
7,256
2,006
7,904
272,340

(+)

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

BASE

1921

Percentage in1922

(+)

YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

or decrease
Sept.
from
Aug.

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

FOODSTUFFS—Continued.
Sheep and M u t t o n .
Receipts, primary markets
thousands..
Shipments, primary markets
thousands..
Shipments, stocker and feeder
thousands..
Slaughter
.
thousands..
Inspected slaughter production, .thous. of lbs..
Cold-storage holdings, lamb and mutton
(1st of following month)
thous. of lbs..
Prices:
Sheep, ewes, Chicago
dolls, per 100 lbs..
Sheep, lambs, Chicago, .dolls, per 100 lbs..

1,951
904

2,241
1,241

2,618
1,428

350

524

555

1,021
37,430

1,008

1,200
44,433

o 3,376

3,539

5,993

5.344
12.438

4.938
13.031

3.156
8.813

20,167
32,227

17,671
40,796

14,870
a 54,469

15,571

17,229

18,400

thous. of lbs.. a 27,671

25,883

25,602

10,549

38,061

217,082

46,419
17,729

50,546
14,841

815

919

451,128
137,551
13,079

96,367
49,455
7,868

a 90,116
a 45,163
a 6,269

.410
.216

.425
.200

2,233

2,262

19,707

10,396

9,767

113,727

3,939
425,960
540,024
262,959
89,824

1,842
174,232
312,909
180,577
12,870

2,063
141,103
262,817
137,390
35,617

20,553
2,206,169
2,798,365

.052
.067

.048
.063

- 12.7
-5.6
-!- 21.5
- 18.7
— 16.2

.043
.056

Fish.
Total catch
thous. of lbs..
Cold-storage holdings, 15th of mo. thous. of lbs..

1919
1919
1919
1919
1913

110

118
96
114

75
64

70

86

59
35
91

75
61

86 '

70

71

1913
1913

66
125

1919
1919

99

86

77

1919

+ 14.9
+ 37.3
91 + 49.7
96 1.3
99

103

65

97
71

44

39

40

42

+

4.S

67

100

117

114

105

113

147

163

160

167

+

7.6
4.8

91
34

108
41

116
52

102

88

76

93

82

84

79

87

1919

30

38

52

46

42

39 | -

6.5

149,579 - 31.1

1919

43

54

22

12

16

15

-

6.2

531,978 + 17.9
155,399 + 13.0
14,609 + 11.7

1919
1919
1919

136

110
91

203

202

79

109

77

147
131

136
122

93

140
162

164

154,295 + 21.2

85

88
70

1919

127,327

127

74

31

116

93

i

- 12.4
66 i + 26.6

Poultry.
Receipts at 5 markets
Cold-storage holdings (1st of
following month)

thous. of lbs..

126,450

142,528 + 12.7

+ 10.6

Dairy Products.
Condensed and evaporated milk:
Exports
thous. of lbs
11, 247
Receipts at 5 markets:
Butter
thous. of lbs..
62,494
Cheese
thous. of lbs..
19,819
Eggs
thous. of cases
1,028
Cold-storage holdings (1st of following month):
Creamery butter
thous. of lbs.. « 112,039
American cheese
thous. of lbs.. a 53,625
Case eggs
thous. of cases
a 9,608
Wholesale prices at 5 markets:
.362
Butter
dolls, per l b . .
Cheese
dolls Der lb
200
Fluid milk:
Receipts—
Boston(includingcream) thous ofqts
15 402
Greater New York
thous. of cans..
2,302
ProductionMinneapolis district
thous. of q t s . .
11,042

87

- 25.7
- 10.5
69 - 2 0 . 7

101

1916-20
1916-20
1916-20

122,308 +

7.5

160
121

120
89

125

199
144

195

170

266

275

260

1919
1919

20,224 -}- 2.6

125

76
64

72

64
61

62
65

61
65

69
70

+ 13.3
+ 8.0

1919
1913

110
149

108
151

129
165

125
161

118
154

149

-3.0

1919

165

137

224

189

155

146

-

13
264

64

183

- 14.0
-7.8
213 - 18.1
171

133

5.9

Sugar.
Receipts, Louisiana crop
long tons..
Imports, raw
.. long tons
Meltings, raw
.
long tons
Stocks, raw, end of month
long tons
Exports, refined
long tons.
Prices:
Wholesale, 96° centrifugal,
N. Y
dolls, per l b . .
Wholesale, refined, N. Y
dolls, per l b . .
Retail, average 51 cities
index number
Cuban movement:
Receipts at Cuban ports
long tons..
Exports
long tons
Stocks
long tons..
a Revised.




183,441
349,979
460,987

63,030
90,378
213,728
98,745
341,329 1,183,488

350,886

24,692 + 20.1
3,766,594 + 70.7
4,267,292 + 52.5
857,357 + 144.3

1913
1913
1919
1919
1909-13

25

13

145

80

127

81
144

140

16

24
242

164

257
163

290

324

276

2,012 1,206 5,560 3,010 3,042

1913
1913
1913
3,479,788
3,117,074

3, 754, 722 + 7.9
3,541,537 + 13.6

166

134

123

131

137

131

136

133

137
129

1919
1919
1919

40

19

104

87

30

166

190

184

131

101

-53.2
- 59.1
96 - 42.1
189 - 31.3
436 - 85.7
11

99

147
154

148

138

158

138

147

146
144

89

56

27

162

108
72

66

-

7.7
6.0
2.0

- 50.7
- 38.9
53 - 26.0

39
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

August, September,
1922

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Percentage increase

i+

J

or decrease

(-)

cumulative
1922
from
1921.

1921

1922

987,594

859,015 ||— 13.0

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1921

1922

or decrease
Sept!
from
Aug.

Sept.
Aug. Sept. June. July. | Aug.

FOODSTUFFS—Continued.
Coffee.
Imports
Visible supply:
World
United States
Receipts, total, Brazil
Clearances:
Total, Brazil, for world
Total, Brazil, for U. S

63,546 I

thous. of lbs..

69,166

59,318

thous. of bags..
thous. of bags..
thous. of bags..

8,775
904
1,089

8,513
940
948

8,920 |
.
1,306 j.
1,156 !

thous. of bags..
thous. of bags..

1,041
425

1,083 !
554

thous. of lbs..

9,657

1909-13

125 j 84 II 126

120

77 ! 76 | 73
89 : 69 j 57
127 • 121 i 46
l

73
59
69

114

101

123
131

74
83

105
108

9,426

7,704 I I - 18.3

1913
1913
1913

1,218 I
514 !

8,877 !

8,771
3,935

1913
1913

8,391 !

46,848 |

60,010 ;j+ 28.1

614 j
4,791 |

5,044 j
38,738 |

4,958
40,998

4,262 I

1.2

78 - 14.2
!+
l!1
1
109 j! +
141 ;j+

3.0
4.0
12.9
4.0
30.4

i

Tea.
Imports

1909-13

96 !- 17.8

TOBACCO.
Production (tax-paid withdrawals):
641 I
Large cigars
millions..
626
6,374 I
Small cigarettes
millions..
5,554
Manufactured tobacco and
snuff
thous. of lbs..
41,476
37,108
Exports:
Unmanufactured leaf
thous. of lbs..
28,958
33,102
Cigarettes
thousands.. 1,052,855 1,148,533
Sales at loose-leaf warehouses
thous. of lbs..
50,655
52,413
Price, wholesale, Burley good leaf,
dark red, LouisAille
dolls, per 100 lbs..
27.50
27.50
Stocks (reported quarterly):
Chewing, smoking, snuff, export,
mills, of lb.s.. 91,120
993
9414
Cigar tobacco
mills, of lbsV
383
Total, including imported
mills, of lbs.. 9 1,616
1,457

93 j 102 99 I- 2.3
409 405 ! 492 428 |i- 12.9
j,
103 96 ! 112 100 j!- 10.5

1913
1913

99
396

97
370 j

1913

100

94 j;

1909-1913
1913
1919

168
342
64

407 I 610
59

103
362
2

27.50

1913

208

208

208

208

1,136
338
1,547

1913
1913
1913

152
9 97
135

140
91
125

138
112
131

1915
1915
1915
1913
1913

209
110
206
75
91

211 1 264
1
264
114 ; 146 200
|

309
183

185 1 240 297
1
65 j 81
i
103
124 ! 61 i
|

103

1913
1913
1919

131
934

40 j 144 j.
978 j! 427 !
.
507 i 795 i 819 597

34,803 !
33,009
787,162
48,421

293,278 i

1,299,782
634,061

324,279 + 10.6
295,785 - 26.8
8,686,094 + 37.9
286,630 - 54.8

105 1 95
1

92
545
62
208

i
105
594
64
208

jj-f
1+
•+
j

14.3
9.1
3.5
00
.

12.°. I - 11.3
103 I - 7.5
118 !;- 9.8

TRANSPORTATION—WATER.
Cargo Traffic.
Panama Canal:
In American vessels...thous. of long
In British vessels
thous. of long
Total cargo traffic
thous. of long
Sault Ste. Marie Canal.. .thous. of short
New York State canals.. .thous. of short
Mississippi River:
Receipts at St. Louis
short
Shipments from St. Louis
short
Government barge line

tons..
tons..
tons..
tons..
tons..
tons..
tons..
tons..

564
336
1,166
10,286
321

j.
!.
I.
|
!

10,986
281

52,125

380
202
839
i,482
269

3,096
2,271
7,098
37,310

58,345 i 266,115

3,833 + 23.8
2,427
6.9
8,165 + 15.0
43,529 4- 16.7

497,556 + 87.0

110 ;;+ 6.8
76

•••- 1 2 . 5

Vessels in Foreign Trade.
Entered in U. S. ports:
American
Foreign
Total
Cleared from U. S. ports:
American
Foreign
Total

j
thous. of net tons..'
thous. of net tons..
thous. of net tons..!
'•
thous. of net tons..
thous. of net tons..
thous. of net tons..

Index of Ocean Freight Rates.

3,035
3,505
6,540

2,808
3,470
6,278

2,676
2,759
5,435

22,933
23,845
46,779

22,593 25,267 +
47,860 +

1.5
6.0
2.3

1913
1913
1913

245
101
139

259
228
222 | 271
107
85
90 | 105
122 i 125 ! 149 147

239 - 7.5
106 - 1.0
141 - 4.0

2,903
3,274
6,178

3,050
3,429
6,479

3,092
2,903
5,995

22,202
24,966
47,169

22,729 +
24,854 47,583 +

0.3
0.4
0.9

1913
1913
1913

206
100
129

247
90
134

232
101
138

244 + 5 1
.
106 + 4 7
.
.
145 + 4 9

Jan. 1920
Jan. 1920

42.9
36.7

41.8
36.0

27.5 28.8 29.2
25.7 25.9 24.6

27.0 - 7.5
23.4 - 4.9

210
94
126

244
102
141

I

United States Atlantic to—
|
United Kingdom .weighted index number..
All Europe
weighted index number.. ,

Ship Construction.
Vessels under construction.thous. of gross tons.
New vessels completed
thous. of gross tons.
9

Previous quarter, June 30.




249
12

255
16

440
90

1,114

217 ! - 80.5

1920
1919

18 !
5I

22 j
3 i

22 +

2.4
5 ;!+ 33.3

40
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

September,
1922

August,
1922

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

1922

(+)

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

Percentage increase

1922

1921

( }

t

or decrease
Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

Sept.
from
Aug.

TRANSPORTATION—RAIL,
Freight C a r s .
Surplus:
Box
number..
Coal
number..
Total
number..
Shortage:
Box
number..
Coal
number..
Total
number..
Bad order cars, total (1st of following
month)
number..
Car loadings (weekly average):
Total
cars..
Grain and grain products
cars..
Live stock
cars..
Coal
cars..
Forest products
cars..
Ore
cars..
Merchandise and miscellaneous
cars..
Freight carried
mills, of ton-miles..

3,850 j
54,566 ;
70,455

201
3,486
5,843

35,819
13,835
58,670

66,529
38,954
130,325

2,478
142
3,621

321,674

291,654

873,369
56,177
29,665
98,499
57,838
66,264
556,560
30,453

934,816
51,308
35,026
170,512
50,871
52,448
559,981

1919
1919
1919

42,093
98,048
172,420

- 94.8

84
173
130

51
130
91

73
195
179

26
174
92

37

5
3

1919
1919
1919

3
2
3

13
3
15

7
75
20

87
158
103

189
329
243

350
92
539

+ 85.7
+ 181.6
+122.1

364,372

1913

248

215

229

213

193

-

9.3

840,318
55,272
29,907
162,882
46,443
28,554
512,322
30,381

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1913

101
154
84
88
79
85
103
111

105
142
91
92
82
76
108
113

106
102
89
53
110
144
119
106

103
129
81
43
97
170
116
99

109
144
90
56
102
177
118
111

117
132
106
97
100
140
119

+
+
+
+

7.0
8.7
18.1
73.1
1.7
20.8
0.6

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

200
190
198
210
151
179
143

200
175
195
208
146
179
139

188
167
186
200
128
174
144

169
175
174
187
116

185
176
186
213

1914
12 1915

93
92

103
110

103
107

1914
12 1915

190
186

194
180

205
219

204
200

12 1915

202

192

13 1921

107

I* 1921
H 1921
K 1921
141921
1913
1913

102
101
101
101
41
75

1913
1913

1913
1913
1913
1913

222,296 i

227,509 + 2.3

5
72

-

93.6

- 91.7

Railroad Operations.
Revenue:
Freight
Passengers
Total, operating
Operating expense
Net operating income
Receipts per ton-mile
Pullman passengers carried

thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
index number,
thousands..

326,486
101,502
473,877
387,100
52,580

a 353,815 2,539,370
a 109,192
793,090
a 505,732 3,645,238
a 382,106 3,107,246
a 90,160
306,064

3,0

2,990

2,890

511

461

13,145

11,550

2,491,204
705,066
3,528,502
2,806,452
471,184

24,070

- 1.9
- 11.1
- 3.2
-9.7
+ 53.9

23,867 -

0.8

148

144 - 3 . 4

LABOR.
Number employed:
New York State
thousands..
Wisconsin
index number
Total pay roll:
New York State
thous. of dolls..
Wisconsin
index number
Av. weekly earnings,
Wisconsin
index number
Unemployment, Pennsylvania
(1st of following month)
number..
Employment agency operations:
Workers registered
number..
Jobs registered
number..
Workers placed
number..
Average applicants per job
number..
Immigration
number..
Emigration
number..

501

12,580

82,790

56,052

225,896
239,751
179,644
1.06
49,877
7,525

204,940
131,359
107,354
1.56
48,814
45,752

108,537 !

4,378

+

5.3

108,257 - 0 . 3

276,675

233,140
224,335
169,711
1.04
42,735
10,448

4,156 |

.! 2,043.
- 1,655,
J 1,285.
572,133
310,819

300,
153,

-

47.4
50.6

107
110

+ 2.0
+ 0.9

212

221
221

+
+

186

200

200

0.0

47

38

31

21

- 32.3

101
112
114
90
41
90

128
216
202
60
30
53

118
182
169
65
35

115
192
180
60
36
20

112
205
190
61
42
15

- 3.1
+ 6.9
+ 5.9
+ 1.7
+ 16.7
- 28.6

108
113

110
101

119
119

118
119

114
112

110
109

-

123
146
171
184

124 1 131
142
140
178
179
181
225

135
142
180
254

131
138
181
271

133
138
183
244

+

4.5
1.8

PRICE INDEX N U M B E R S .
Farm prices:
Crops (1st of month)
index n u m b e r . .
Live stock (1st of month)..index n u m b e r . .
Wholesale prices:
Department of l a b o r Farm products
index number..
Food, etc
index'number..
Cloths and clothing
index number.
Fuel and lighting
index number.
a Revised.

8




Index number less than 1.

12

First quarter of year.

s Nine months' average, April to December, inclusive.

3.5
2.7

1.5
0.0
+ 1.1
- 10.0

September, 1921.

41
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

September,
1922

August,
1922

CUMULATIVE TOTAL

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

I N D E X NUMBERS.

Percentage;
increase;

1922

Percentage increase

( }

t

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

BASE
YEAR
OR

1921

1922

or decrease

PERIOD.

Sept!
from
Aug.

Aug. ! Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

PRICE INDEX NUMBERS—Continued.
Wholesale prices—Continued.
Department of labor—Continued.
Metals and metal
products
index number..:
Building material
index number. .'
Chemicals and drugs.. .index number
House-furnishing
goods
index number
Miscellaneous
index number
All commodities
index number.
Fed. Reserve Board (Dept. Labor prices)—
Agricultural products..index number.
Animal products
index number.. ;
Forest products
index number.. •
Mineral products......index number.. \
Total raw products
index number.. !
Producers' goods
index number.
Consumers' goods
index number.. \
All commodities
index number..
Federal Reserve Board Index—
Goods imported
index number.
Goods exported
index number..
All commodities
index number
Dun's (1st of following
month)
index number
Bradstreet's (1st of following month)
index number.
Retail prices, food
index number..!
Cost of living:
j
Bureau of Labor Statistics (quarterly)—
Food
index number..
Clothing
index number..
Housing
index number..
Fuel and light
index number..
Furniture and housefurnishings
index number..
Miscellaneous
index number..
Total
index number..
Cost of living:
National Industrial Conference B o a r d Food
index number..
Shelter
index number.
Clothing
index number..'
Fuel and light
index number. J
Sundries
index number.
All items weighted
index number.
Foreign wholesale prices:
\
United Kingdom—
British Board of Trade.index number..
London Economist
index number..
U. S. Fed. Res. Bd....index number..
FranceGen. Stat. Bureau
index number..
U. S. Fed. Res. Bd
index number...!
Italy (Bachi)
index number
Sweden
index number
Switzerland
index number
Canada:
Canadian—
Dept. of Labor
index number.. ..
U. S. Fed. Res. Bd .index number.




'

134| -I- 6.3
180 1+ 4.7
124
1.6

1913
1913
1913

117
156
129

116

120

121

126

156

167

170

172

131

122

121

122

1913
1913
1913

179
119
142

179
118
141

176

173
114

150

155

173
115
155

173 |
|

114

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

123
114
152
169
135
125
157
142

141

146

147

138

105

123

130

127

134
132
199
236

1913
1913
1913

104
127
146

1913

I

0.0

116 j|+ 0.9
153 ||- 1.3

186

188

191

168

211

241

261

137

159

171

173

126

127

129

129

155

151

154

149

141

150

155

155

153 •;—

1.3

106

124

129 ! 127

128 | +

0.8

149

163

165 | 162

157 ! j -

3.1

146

161

165 | 165

164 I -

0.6

134

134

144

143 ; 142

145

120
155

121

131
141

131 I 131

153

.
136 i + 3 8
.
140 ! + 0 7

1913
1913
1913
1913

144.7
222.6
159.0
181.6

153.1
192.1
160.0
180.7

141.0
172.3
160.9
174.4

1913

|
!
•
'
|

154

2.9
3.9
4.2
.6
.9
1 3 2 '•• +
2.3
150 :j+ a 7

1913
1913

;
•
;
;

+
+
"-9
168 I - -2

247.7 224.7 202.9
208.8 207.8 201.5
180.4 177.3 166.6

+ 21
.

;

;
!
i

I

142 ! 139

139.8 ; - 0.9
171. 3 | - 0 . 6
.
161.1 i + 0 1
.
183.8 | + 5 4
i

1913

.1.

1913

0.0
201.1 ! 0 . 2
'
- 0.2
166.3 !

202.9 j

140 |

0.7
0.0

!
'
|
!
,
j

155
169
157
179
183
165

141
165
153
174
174
155

142
165
154
174
172
156

139
165
153
181
172
155

194

191

163

163

179

183

163

163

195

194

169

171

159
158
168

1913
1913
1913
1913
Jy. 1914

j
!
j
!

]

148
169
159
179
183
162

1913
1913
1913

I

331
302
542

344

325

325

331

329 -

0.6

301

303

306

297

292 -

1.7

580

531

558

571

198

192

164

165

163

158 -

3.1

177

181

160

161

163

163

0.0

1913
1913

174
166

172

165

166

158

153

154

164
148

144 -

2.7

Jy.
Jy.
Jy.
Jy.
Jy.
Jy.

1914
1914
1914
1914
1914
1914

165
155
187
172
156

|
;
+
!•
!
|
|
|+

13
.
3.3
0.0
a6

156 jj- 1.3
165 i!- 1.8

I!

42
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

u
Au gust,
1922

September,
1922

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

{

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

I N D E X NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

v

ordecumulative
1922
from
1921.

1922

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1921

Percentage increase

1922

(+)

or decrease
from
Aug.

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

PRICE INDEX NUMBERS—Continued.
Foreign wholesale prices—Continued.
Australia
index number..
India (Calcutta)
index number..
Japan:
Bank of Japan (Tokyo) index number..
U. S. Fed. Res. Bd
index number..

Jy., 1914
Jy., 1914

160
184

1913
1913

199
177

157
181
201
192

207
192

155
178
195
184

158 +

1.9

176 -

4.3

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT.
Mail-order houses, total sales., .thous. of dolls..
Sears, Roebuck & Co
thous. of dolls..
Montgomery Ward & Co. .thous. of dolls..
Chain stores, total sales e
thous. of dolis..
F. W. Woolworth Co
thous. of dolls..
S. S. Kresge Co
thous. of dolls..
McCrory Stores Corp
thous. of dolls..
S. H. Kress & Co
thous. of dolls..
J. C. Penney Co
thous. of dolls..
United Cigar Stores Co
thous. of dolls..
Owl Drug Co
thous. of dolls..
Music (4 chains)
index number..
Grocery (16 chains)
index number..
Drug (7 chains)
index number..
Cigar (3 chains)
index number..
Shoe (5 chains)
index number..
Total department-store sales
(176 stores)
index number..
American Wholesale Corporation,
total sales
thous. of dolls..
Magazine advertising (for following month)
thous. oflines.
Newspaper.advertising
thous. of lines.
Postal receipts
thous. of dolls.

17,709
12,156
5,553
21,676
12,960
5,122
1,369
2,225
3,424
6,064

21,464
14,375
7,089
22,621
13,507
5,424
1,386
2,304
4,753
6,421
891

21,163
14,800
6,363
18,842
11,325
4,300
1,069
2,148
4,263
6,231
846

181,214
127,368
53,345
161,269
95,922
36,892
9,375
19,039
31,497
55,738
7,651

181,831
121,279
59,552
182,517
109,241
42,345
11,136
19,795
31,090
52,460
7,712

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

0.3
4.8
11.6
13.2
13.9
14.8
18.8
4.0
1.3
5.9
0.8

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

21.2
159 188
174
157 190
157 186
137
153 180 + 18.3
166 192
261
168 214 + 27.7
242 239
265
272 284 + 4.4
4.2
211 205
225
235 245
3.9
390 389
448 444 464 491
1.2
249 238
271- 287 304 308
3.6
244 239
279 251 248 257
1,526 1,940 1,813 1,455 1,556 ,160
250 253
241 247 246 260
5.7
271 260
274 275 289 274
5.0
82
72
81
79
99 118 + 19.2
138 + 0.7
118
121
133 129 137
119 119
124 126 127 128 + 0.8
127 128
106 127 127 135 + 63
118 + 35.6
103
123 101
86
87
106

78

85

103 + 21.2

313

135

254

225

202 - 10.1

83

3,073

2,764

4,276

1,485
77,393
21,372

1,907
87,904
22,764

1,467
84,153
20,407

22,795

22,558

23,675

17,534
39,012
216,778
218,026

17,584
53,135
454,809
304,132

19,717
23,357

4,394
39.93

4,521
41.04

43.11

18,287
15,817

19,215
16,522

16,102
15,517

151,418
141,835

177,654 + 17.3
148,190 + 4.5

1919
1919

75
85

79

108

97

16,938
12,342

17,285
12,817

15,079
11,466

143,006
103,209

162,001 + 13.3
108,519 -f 5.1

1913
1913

185
181

199
187

255
210

201

404
691
2,153
3,196
1,882
79.2

420
690
2,243
3,203
1,840
78.4

1,403
263
2,457
2,879
1,717
69.0

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

77
43
95
127
87
133

72
44
94
131

24
120
81
144
100
154

20
118
81
145
97
158

22,175 - 17.8

15 14,818
753,569
178,905

1913

2.5
3.9
9.4

1913
1919
1919

108
85
105

120
100
111

110
108
121

102
93
106

121
92
116

156 + 28.4
105 + 13.6
124 + 6.5

1919

«15,187 +
782,654 +
195,742 +

94

94

90

90

90

-

95
95
99
88
402 1,142
512 468

146
784
553

86
141
340
384

85
147
359

PUBLIC FINANCE.
U. S.interest-bearing debt
mills, of dolls.
Liberty and Victory Loans and
War Saving securities
mills, of dolls.
Customs receipts
thous. of dolls.
Ordinary receipts
thous. of dolls.
Ordinary disbursements
thous. of dolls.
Money held outside U. S. Treasury
and Federal Reserve System:
Total
mills, of dolls.
Per capita
dollars.

236,509
3,798,253
266,524 3,487,414

339,074 + 43.4
2,671,206 - 29.7
2,275,555 - 34.7

4,672

1919
1913
1913
1913

1919
1919

87

85
200
754
535

1.0

+ 0.3
+ 36.2
+109.8
+ 39.5

92 +
+

2.9

94 +
94

5.1
4.5

215
202

219 +
209 +

2.0
3.8

21
117
82
146
97
158

22
117
86
146
95
156

4.0
0.1
4.2
0.2
2.3
1.2

87

2.8

BANKING AND FINANCE.
Banking.
Debits to individual accounts:
New York City
mills, of dolls.
Outside New York City... .mills, of dolls.
Bank clearings:
New York City
mills, of dolls.
Outside New York City... .mills, of dolls.
Federal Reserve Banks:
Bills discounted
mills, of dolls.
Total investments
mills, of dolls.
Notes in circulation
mills, of dolls.
Total reserves
mills, of dolls.
Total deposits
mills, of dolls..
Reserve ratio
per cent.

c Includes Woolworth, Kresge, McCrory, and Kress only.




5

137

Cumulative for period, January to October, inclusive.

43
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

August,
1922

September,
192$

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THBOUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

1921

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

1922

Percentage increase

( }

t

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1921

1922

or decrease
Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

Sept.
from
Aug.

BANKING AND FINANCE—Continued.
Banking—Continued.
Federal Reserve member banks:
10,988
10,761
11,573
Total loans and discounts.. .mills, of dolls.
4,468
4,532
3,384
Total investments
mills, of dolls..
10,942
11,085
9,866
Net demand deposits
mills, of dolls..
Interest rates:
4.48
4.00
5.15
New York call loans
per cent..
4.18
5.90
3.93
Commercial paper, 60-90 days
per cent..
Saving deposits (balance to credit of depositors):
Boston Federal Reserve
district
thous. of dolls.. 1,104,435 1,108,924 ,061,285
New York Federal Reserve
district
thous. of dolls.. 1,728,310 1,744,493 1,657,028
Philadelphia Federal Reserve
409,904
district
thous. of dolls.. 422,128 420,090
Cleveland Federal Reserve
379,358
district
thous. of dolls.. 380,941 383,995
Richmond Federal Reserve
245,192
district
thous. of dolls.. 269,220 274,199
Chicago Federal Reserve
765,278
district
thous. of dolls.. 778,906 785,767
San Francisco Federal
709,498
Reserve district
thous. of dolls.. 772,150 782,673
135,625
151,150
U. S. Postal Savings
thous. of dolls.. 136,725

1921
1921
1919

96
97
94

97
101

90
131
105

90
132
104

90
135
103

4- 2.1
- 14
.
105 4- 1 3
.

1913
1913

179
103

162
102

130
70

122
65

126

141 4- 12.0
72 4- 6.3

1920

102

102

106

106

107

107 4- 0.4

1920

108

108

113

113

113

114 4- 0.9

1920

106

105

109

109

108

108 -

1920

110

110

111

109

110

111 4- 0.8

1920

109

109

123

119

119

122 4- 1.8

1920

100

100

103

102

102

103 4- 0.8

1919
1913

122
383

122
380

132
349

132
345

133
344

135 4- 1.3
341 - 0.8

191 126 4137 -

I

0.5

Life Insurance.
Policies, new:
Ordinary
thous. of policies..
Industrial
thous. of policies..
Group
number of policies..
Total insurance
thous. of policies..
Amount of new insurance:
Ordinary
thous. of dolls..
Industrial
thous. of dolls.
Group
thous. of dolls.,
Total insurance
thous. of dolls..

149
512
44
661

141
480
49
621

141
507
22
649

1,432
4,685
350
6,117

1,380
5,100
437
6,479

- 3.6
4- 8.8
4- 24.8
4- 5.9

1913
1913
1913
1913

191
117

191
133

222
152

215
143

201
135

129

143

164

154

146

384,328
102,901
9,709
496,938

338,789
97,257
16,785
452,831

305,191
96,805
4,607
406,603

3,273,553
892,861
54,988
4,221,398

3,473,623
1,022,344
124,639
4,620,606

4- 6.1
4- 14.5
+126.6
4- 9.4

1913
1913
1913
1913

250
163
357
226

319
231
223
186
319 1,164
299

213
766
285

292 257 - 11.8
198 187 - 5.4
672 1,162 4- 72.8
268 245 - 8.8

1,714
40,280

1,566
36,908

1,466
37,021

13,507
433,370

18,417 + 36.3
490,914 4 13.2

1913
1913

117
189

110
163

130
168

131
176

128
177

117 162 -

242,075
10,615

356,570
7,020

356,779 *2,793,952 152,803,453 47,258
73,097
74,096

0.3

1913
1913

160
57

241

120

163

241 4- 47.2
61 - 33.9

4-

1.4

222,612

276,320

205,792

1913

101

150

240

166

162

201 4- 24.1

1913
1913
1913

355
102
337

312
183

497
48
173

349
61
368

242

347 4- 43.1
108 4-125.8
377 4- 0.5

5.3
6.2
11.3
6.0

Business Finance.
Business failures:
Firms
number..
Liabilities
thous. of dolls..
Dividend and interest payments
(for following month)
thous. of dolls..
U. S. Steel Corp. 's earnings.... thous. of dolls..
New capital issues:
Corporations
thous. of dolls..
States and municipalities—
Permanent loans
thous. of dolls..
Temporary loans
thous. of dolls..
New incorporations
thous. of dolls..
Telephone earnings:
Total operating r e v e n u e . . . thous. of dolls..
Total operating income
thous. of dolls..
Telegraph earnings:
Commercial telegraph tolls, thous. of dolls..
Telegraph and cable operating
revenue
thous. of dolls..
Operating income
thous. oi dolls..
Credit conditions:
Orders
per ct. of total transactions..
Indebtedness .per ct. of total transactions..
Payments
15

per ct. of total transactions..

4- 32.7
82,502
19,333
646,605

118,049
43,650
650,044

106,270
41,249
489,846

850,798
605,235
6,469,199

1,048,504
253,015 4- 23.2
6,125,955 - 58.2

-

375

5.3

40,572
8,585

36,566
7,178

285,677
60,001

315,404 4- 10.4
69,354 4- 15.5

1913
1913

278
193

275
219

307
246

304
217

309
231

9,079

8,239

64,403

64,925 4 - 0 . 8

1919

108

110

115

108

120

11,381
1,944

10,615
1,270

82,392
8,811

82,221 - 0.2
12,260 4- 39J

1919
1919

105
78

107
112

109
128

103

113
119

111
88

101
110
84

109

89 ; 94
99
94

30.0
42. S

29.5
43.6

45.2

-'5.8

Cumulative for period January to October, inclusive.




1,957,447 2,598,243

94

8.6
8.3

27.0
36.3
51.8

1916
1916
1916

no

107 - 1.8
112 4- 1 8
.
83
12
.

44
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
August, September.
1922
1922

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase
<+)

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

1922

1922

1921

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

Percentage increase

(+)

or decrease
Sept!
from
Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug, Sept. Aug.

BANKING AND FINANCE—Continued.
Stocks and Bonds.
Stock prices, closing:
25 industrials, average
25 railroads, average
Stock sales (N. Y. Stock
Exchange)
Bond sales:
Miscellaneous
Liberty-Victory
Total
Bond prices:
Highest-grade rails
Second-grade rails
Public utility
Industrial
Combined price index
Municipal bond yield

dolls, per share. dolls, per share..

103.68
67.64

107.02
68.70

74.10
54.10

thous. of shares..

17,850

21,775

12,807

126,172

192,502 + 52.5

thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..

222,863
89,855
312,718

203,184
88,909
292,093

119,819
207,123
326,942

897,629
1,425,569
2,323,198

1,922,747 +114.2
1,277,951 - 10.3
3,200,698 + 37.7

per ct. of par..
per ct. of par..
perct. of par..
perct. ofpar..
per ct. of par..
percent..

89.01
75.05
69.83
75.73
76.80
4.15

89.29
74.
71.
76.28
77.47
4.

121
64

127
65

166
74

170
77

178
82

184 +
83

3.2

+

1.5

159

185

347

219

258

314

1919
1919
1919

141
54
74

168
87
106

277
53
105

265
48
98

312
38
101

285

74.72
62.75
55.10
54.41
60.74
5.13

1915
1915
1915
1915
1915
1913

82
81
73
76
78
117

83
83
75
77
79
115

95
95
97
92
105 I 106
97 I
94
94

99
95
107
100
93

134,279
2,851

138,243
1,362

1913
1913

9

192
12

190

94,789
1,384
25.05

105,355
1,368
21.44

1913
1913
1913

9

251
87
944

228,592
2,309

172,770
2,146

1913
1913

103,262
752
19,092
956

89,561
747
29,316
1,

56,251
691
66,085
2,449

643,790
6,021
561,176
13,548

5,562
4,944
3,861

5,325
6,370
3,735

41,316
44,304
34,846

34.957

35.305

4,212
4,488
4,947
.662
40.082

4.46
.080
.045
.075
.001
.388
.263
. 190

4.43
.080
.043
.072
.001
.388
.265

3.72
.073
.042
.072
.010
.317
.218
.172

Par
Par
Par
Par
Par
Par
Par
Par

.477
.290

.481
.287

.482
.264

Par vaJL
Par val.

59

59

.997
.821
.134
.137

1.000
.811
.125
.137

.899
.696
.124
.107

Par
Par
Par
Par

99
85 j 85
42 I 42
65 j 66

1913
1913
1913

22.0
-

97 +
108 +
101 +
92

8.8
1.1
6.6
0.0
0.0
2.1
0.9
1.0
1.1

188
26

185 25' -

L9
1.3

254

236
90
47

229 91 +
49 ! +

3.3
1.0
4.3

325
206

378
215

430
222 i

38
94
97
1,599 1,245
31

52
92
244
21

76
150
95
111
145

212
115
119
130

95

Corporation Stockholders.
( The following figures are quarterly.)
Pennsylvania Railroad Co.:
Domestic
number.. 9136,940
Foreign
number.. 92,888
U. S. Steel Corp., common stock:
Domestic
number.. 9 97,989
Foreign
number.. 9 1,370
Shares held by brokers... per cent of total.. 9 24.09
American Telephone and Telegraph Co.:
Domestic
number.. 9201,303
Foreign
number.. 9 2,233

9

9

9

188

+ 13.6
3.4

Gold and Silver.
Gold:
Domestic receipts at mint fine ounces..
Rand output
thous. of ounces..
Imports
thous. of dolls..
Exports
thous. of dolls..
Silver:
Production
thous. of fine oz..
Imports
thous. of dolls..
Exports
thous. of dolls..
Price at New York
dolls, per fine oz..
Price at L o n d o n . . . pence per standard oz..

728,865
4,693
214,408
13,168

+ 13.2
- 22.1
- 61.8
- 2.8

1913
1913
1913
1913

40,387 - 2.2
53,164 + 20.0
47,031 4- 35.0

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

72
263
72
103
138

62
101
810

70
103
360
12

78
233
120
117
129

100
165
74
116
127

- 13.3
102 - 0.7
552 + 53.6
18 + 46.3
96 - 4.3
28.8
213

- 3.3
116 l!+ 0.1
128 !l+ 1.0

FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATES.
Europe:
England
dolls, per £ sterling..
France
dolls, per f r a n c .
Italy
dolls, per lire..
Belgium
dolls, per f r a n c .
Germany
dolls, per mark..
Netherlands
dolls. per guilder..
Sweden
dolls.per k r o n e .
Switzerland
dolls, per franc
Asia:
Japan
dolls.per yen..
India
dolls, per rupee..
Americas:
Canada
dolls, per Can. doll..
Argentina
dolls, per gold peso..
Brazil
dolls, per milreis..
Chile
dolls, per paper peso..
General index of foreign
exchange
index number.




val.
val.
val.
val.
val.
val.
val.
val.

91

97
99
97

1.1
2.4
4.3
5.1
0.0
0.0
1.0
2.0

60

59 !

0.0
1.7.

100
85
41
70

100 j.

40
22
37
(8)

i

I

• Index number less than 1.

val.
val.
val.
val.

52

Par val.
9

Previous quarter, ending June 30.

71 I 70

0.0

84 j i - 1.2
39 i | -

70 f
-

4.9
0.0
1.4

45
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

August,
1922

September,
1922

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

1922

Percentage
increase
(+ )
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

BASE
YEAR
OR

Percentage increase

1922

1921

or decrease

PERIOD.

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

Sept!
from
Aug.

U. S. FOREIGN TRADE.
Imports by Grand Divisions.
Europe:
Total
France
Germany
Italy
United Kingdom
North America:
Total
Canada
South America:
Total
Argentina
Asia and Oceania:
Total
Japan
Africa, total
Grand total

thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..

84,627
13,390
10,737
4,017
31,486

81,682
11,146
10,683
4,395
31,851

63,408
13,565
6,785
5,438
18,299

555,186
105,794
59,369
44,372
173,067

683,066
101,288
83,395
40,812
246,133

+ 23.0
-4.2
+ 40.4
- 8.0
42.5

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

82
94
48
134
71

88
117
44
118
81

106
87
63
104
120

104
78
63
112
123

117
116
70
87
139

113
96
70
95
141

.thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..

78,849
32,185

53,191
28,081

46,349
24,189

593,220
250,548

606,633 + 32.5
245,526 - 2.0

1913
1913

156
200

143
204

223
259

237
284

243
272

164 - 32.5
237
12.7

thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..

27,389
7,920

27,646
8,405

17,133
2,818

224,088
477,821

241,366 + 7.7
59,121 + 23.6

1913
1913

144
312

103
132

170
370

181
386

166
372

167 + 0.9
394 !
+ 61
.

thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous of dolls..
thous. of dolls..

86,713
38,362
3,835
281,413

64,402
26,870
1,875
228,795

473,806
51,170
610,080 + 28.7
171,429
22,700
239,718 + 39.8
26,396
1,233
43,241
63.8
179,292 1,872,696 2,181,386 + 16.4

1913
1913
1913
1913

227
311
71
130

194
275
62
120

306
435
100
174

252
246
185
169

329
465
194
188

244
326
95
153

-

thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
.thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..

154,886
18,466
26,317
13,042
55,264

164,595
22,025
21,716
12,674
70,853

177,246 1,859,912 1,474,812 - 20.7
21,579
162,582
179,760 + 10.5
36,774
300,047
235,129 - 21.6
9,857
97,722 - 42.0
168,658
59,475
601,597 - 17.3
727,418

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

165
117
130
213
173

142
168
125
150
121

149
179
96
182
153

127
166
69
276
127

124
144
90
199
112

132
172
74
193
144

+ 6.2
+ 19.2
- 17.4
-2.8
+ 28.2

thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..

85,573
56,492

83,985
55,363

87,138
55,972

918,655
472,621

654,502
28.7
409,402 - 13.3

1913
1913

204
203

174
167

151
143

151
147

171
168

168 - 1.8
165 - 2.0

thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..

18,800
7,053

20,621
8,991

13,920
5,179

228,492
93,180

161,543 - 29.3
68,341 - 26.6

1913
1913

114
120

114
113

171
197

160
161

154
154

+ 9.6
196 + 27.4

thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..

37,795
10,646
4,751
301,805

38,841
12,556
5,049
313,092

16.7
1.1
29.4
22.9

1913
1913
1913
1913

233
218
174
177

253
374
110
157

270
314
198
162

250
308
178
146

218
204
197
146

224
2.7
241 + 17.9
209
6.2
151 + 3.7

sterling..

82,661

76,944

87,118

828,709

728,804 - 12.0

1913

138

136

132

128

129

120

sterling..
sterling..
sterling..

37,762
24,141
20,326

35,555
21,848
19,244

48,410
20,465
17,905

443,797
192,181
190,201

346,732 - 21.8
209,110 + 8.8
170,770 - 10.2

1913
1913
1913

209
83
113

200
87
111

165
107
117

161
103
115

156
103
126

147 - 5.8
93 - 9.5
119 - 5.3

sterling..

60,032

62,511

63,842

527,255

534,724 +

14
.

1913

117

146

119

138

137

143 +

sterling..
sterling..
sterling..

3,105
8,900
47,149

3,154
10,099
48,361

3,300
6,997
44,009

27,219
41,709
439,881

27,050 - 1 0
.
73,210 + 75.5
425,523 - 3.2

1913
1913
1913

115
121
116

122
120
128

112
132
118

103
138
141

114
153
138

116 + 1 5
.
173 + 13.4
141 + 2.5

sterling..

7,504

6,381

8,595

77,641

77,874 + 3.0

1913

109

94

95

91

82

70 - 14.9

sterling..
sterling..
sterling..

1,288
4,110
2,105

1,399
3,103
1,869

2,710
3,822
2,057

21,809
35,829
19,911

17,349 - 20.4
40,400 + 12.7
20,008 + 0.4

1913
1913
1913

206
88
105

204
72
84

121
90
91

108
90
85

97

77

105 + 8.6
58 - 24.5
76 - 11.2

+
|
+

3.4
16.7
0.5
9.4
1.1

25.7
29.9
51.1
18.7

Exports by Grand Divisions.
Europe:
Total.
„
France
Germany
Italy
United Kingdom
North America:
Total
Canada
South America:
Total
Argentina
Asia and Oceania:
Total
Japan
Africa, total
Grand total

43,897
484,642
403,706
19,499
153,421
155,124
2,662
59,809
42,191
324,963 3,551,410 2,736,755

+
-

TRADE AND INDUSTRY OF FOREIGN
COUNTRIES.
United Kingdom.
Imports (values):
Total
thous. of £
Food, drink, and
tobacco
thous. of £
Raw material
thous. of £
Manufactured articles, thous. of £
Exports (values):
Total
thous. of £
Food, drink, and
tobacco
thous. of £
Raw material
thous. of £
Manufactured articles, thous. of £
Reexports (values):
Total
thous. of £
Food, drink, and
tobacco
thous. of £
Raw material
thous. of £
Manufactured articles, thous. of £




86

41
.

46
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
August, September,
1922
1922

TRADE AND INDUSTRY OF FOREIGN
COUNTRIES—Continued.
United Kingdom—Continued.
Exports of key commodities (quantities):
Cotton piece goods
thous. of sq. yds.. 378,353
Woolen and worsted
tissues
thous. of sq. yds.. 17,632
270
Iron and steel
thous. of long tons..
6,146
Coal
thous. of long tons..
Production:
412
Pig iron
thous. of long tons..
521
Steel ingots
thous. of long tons..
Coal
thous. of metric tons.. 24,483
4,342
Stocks, zinc
short tons..
Employment:
85.6
Trade-unions
per cent employed..

Corresponding
month,
August
or
September,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

(

v

or decrease
(-)

1921

1922

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage'
increase

1921

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

Percentage ini crease

1922

! ordeI crease
Sept.

cumulative
1922
from
1921.

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept. • from

Aug.

265,386

1,867,324

3,071,569 + 64.4

1920

13,834
279
7,083

6,104
133
3,407

81,082
1,161
13,352

138,368 + 70.6
2,343 +101.8
45,477 + 240.6

430
556
20,754
4,108

158
429
20,980
18,374

1,829

3,391 + 85.4

2,396

4,106 + 71.4
185,905 + 74.2

83.7

120

102

107 + 4.7

1920
1913
1913

73
57
78

78
61
83

65
100

62 - 21.5
67 + 3.3
116 + 15.2

1913
1913
1913
1920

76

43
63
85
20

47
74
78
19

82
101
17

1913

106,719

84

85

86

87

87

18
1

128
QQ
oo

137

72

87

50 + 4.4
87 + 6.7
85 - 15.2

Belgium.
Production:
Zinc
Coal
Pig iron
Steel ingots

short tons..
thous. of metric tons
thous. of metric tons..
thous. of metric tons..

Canada.
Total trade:
Imports
thous. of dolls.
Exports
thous. of dolls.
Exports of key commodities (quantities):
Canned salmon
thous. of pounds.
Paper, printing
thous. of pounds.
Cheese
thous. of pounds.
Wheat
thous. of bushels.
Production:
Pig iron
thous. of long tons.
Steel ingots
thous. of long tons.
Bank clearings
mills, of dolls.
Bond issues:
Government and
provincial
thous. of dolls.
Municipal
thous. of dolls.
Total
thous. of dolls.
Corporation
thous. of dolls.
Employment:
Trade-union
employment
per cent employed.
Applications
number.
Vacancies
number.
Placements—
Regular
number.
Casual
number.
Newsprint paper:
Production
short tons.
Shipments
short tons.
Stocks
short tons.
Exports (total printing)
short tons.
Business failures:
Firms
number.
Liabilities
tLous. of dolls.
Building contracts awarded.. .thous. of dolls.
8

Index number less than 1.




10,626

8,970

5,500

654
603

154
153

933 + 42.7
846 + 40.3

549,188 - 10.7
550,408 - 1.8

1913
1913

116
198

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

67,355
74,486

60,3f8
72,934

59,805
59,591

615,639
560,612

1,325
168,047
17,179
11,587

7,825
159,115
19,230

5,571
122,414
21,182
7,145

1,007,637
94,856
61,977

1,127

85,226 + 62.9

1920
1913
1913
1913

52,329

9,233

1,206

1,291

12,148

19,243
1,395,851
74,969
75,761

- 27.0
+ 38.5
- 21.0
+ 22.2

11,142 -

8.3

fifi

So
56

56

74
65

107
190

110
233

109
229

120
237

108 - 10.4
232 - 2.0

472
534
118
47

317
500
164
85

68
707
55
140

101
630
135
113

75
687
133
138

445 +491.0
650 - 5.3
+ 11.9
110 - 20.3

83
161

52
64
167

35
38
163

38
72
158

777
246
413
122

10
45
34
88

170
41
82
102

61

156

+ 7.0

- 3.8
- 5.7
+ 19.3
- 5.3

1919
1920
1920

95
184
211

95
126
132

98
98
88

99
97
91

159
182

183,012 - 7.9
64,198 + 0.5

1920

188
167

114
221

77
103

79
94

162
110

+ 38.5

1919
1919
1919
1919

107
111
126
118

103
100
135
111

138
138
55
157

134
126
91
139

146
144
94
152

140
136
112
144

2,371 + 47.8
42,134 + 17.1
213,647 + 15.2

1913
1913
1913

131
297
113

151
324
61

238
110
111

138
204
83

163
277
79

156 - 4.4
259 - 6.7
92 ' + 16.4

65,857
73,179

76,427
80,762

359,689
288,866

354,205 !- 1.5

49,271
7,275

57,249
11,007

198,633
63,851

299,535 jj+ 3.7

98,141
97,764
11,813
84,024

94,444
92,210
14,083
79,558

68,983
68,164
17,030
61,207

584,243
576,240

799,373 + 36.8
798,661 + 38.6

503,821

697,928

248
3,849
25,188

237
3,590
29,314

4,492
19,566

35,988
185,379

- 15.1

55

1913
1913
1913
1913

1,604

116

1920

|
j
j
|

47
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

INDEX NUMBERS.

BASE
YEAR
OR

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are j
given in this number. Consult index at end j
of bulletin.
August,
1922

1921

PERIOD.

I Percentage increase

1922

{

v

or de|crease
Aug. Sept. I June., July Aug.! Sept. (-),
Sept.
from
! Aug.

TRADE AND INDUSTRY OF FOREIGN
:
COUNTRIES—Continued.
Argentina.
Grain shipments:
Wheat
Corn
Oats
Flaxseed
Visible supply:
Wheat
Corn
Flaxseed




thous. of bushs..:
thous. of bushs..
thous. of bushs..:
thous. of bushs.. |
|
thous. of bushs..
thous. of bushs..
thous. of bushs..

8,482
7,168
1,25S i
5,129

5,234 j

1,
850
1,200
000
1,

1,
S50
4,000
1,000

9,790 j
501 |
1,861 '

1,726
12,487
2,632
4,163
1,
859
5,
200
2,600

57,523
S6,359
24,920
39,692

125, 580
61, 566
IS.
29,

I +118.3
| - 28.7
| - 26.7
- 24.7

1913

|

1913
1913
1913

| 113 '

1913
1913
1914

36

20 j 158
79 ;;

j

88

51

•

97

:

125

71

72 j

i 149 [ 149 |

154

43

51

55

25

112 I 161
143 j 129
92

69

| 275 j 357 : | 220

220

99
45
25
154 .

61
62
10
56

- 3S.3
-r 36.6
-151.1
— t53.7

71
71
0.0
34 i 114 i+233.3
137 ; 137 |
0.0

48

WOOL.
Table 1.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

RECEIPTS AT
BOSTON.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

me
Total. D otic. s -

STOCKS 2
RECEIPTS AT
BOSTON.
IM(in grease equivalent).
P O R T S CON(unmanu- S U M P Held by
TION.*
ForfacHeld by
ForTotal. manu- dealers.^ Total. Domes- eign.
eign. tured).
tic.
fac-

turers.

Relative Relative to last two quarto 1921.
ters of 1920.

Relative to 1913.

100
149
191
196
225

100
118
112
127
130

1OO
228
391
371
468

224
213
122
152

113
132
65
89

506
419
266
315

299
294
171
211

27,906
35,801
36,683
42,215

15,894
15,142
17,100
17,510

Held by

Total.

manu- Held by
facdealers. 5
turers.

5,278 12,651
12,012 21,680
20,660 34,393
19,583 37,432
24,705 35,083

41,956
39,918
22,839
28,589

15,275
17,825
8,809
11,977

26,682
22,093
14,030
16,613

18,761 13,483

1OO

STOCKS^
(in grease equivalent).

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

1OO
171
272
296
277

1918 mo. av.
1919 mo. av.
1920 mo. av.
1921 mo. av.

CONSUMPTION
(in
grease
equivalent)^

Thousands of pounds.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 mo. av.
1914 mo. av.
1915 mo. av.
1916 mo. av.
1917 mo. av.

IMPORTS
(unmanufactured).

3 1OO
UOl

3 1OO
U35

3 1OO
*83

37,811
37,158
3529,174 3183,917 3345,258j
21,635
26,717 4 4 , 1 2 5 4 533,473 4 247,412 ^286,061
.

1930.
September-.
October
November..
December..

108
43
72
70

89
50
34
39

155
26
167
150

93
69
97
106

1921.
January
February...
March
April
•

107
228
378
272

26
30
46
42

315
733
1,229
860

167
339
775
516

55
69
90
99

May
June
July
August

107
76
145
167

58
95
183
203

231
26
47
75

117
47
74
125

109
107
95
109

September..
October
November..
December..

91
72
84
102

109
81
81
112

43
50
90
78

115
72
87
99

113
121
121
112

1922.
January
February...
March
April

143
135
213
182

103
99
81
72

247
224
550
465

175
220
340
308

118
122
137
96

May
June
July
August

218
195
380
227

124
217
300
162

460
140
583
395

261
134
265
272

119
119
106
130

September..
October

114

64

241

« 220

124

T) pcember

94

102

106

107

134

20,211
8,068
13,418
13,143

12,008
6,699
4,580
5,242

8,203
1,369
8,839
7,901

11,737
8,706
12,251
13,392

20,073
42,753
! 71,009
51,075

3,465
4,035
6,143
5,695

16,608
38,718
64,866
45,380

21,169
42,886
98,103
65,336

24,049
30,600
39,510
43,466

20,044
14,226
27,157
31,294

7,851
12,830
24,693
27,327

12,193
1,395
2,464
3,967

14,745
5,952
9,967
15,867

48,183
47,103
42,126
48,141

17,028
13,536
15,696
19,183

14,740
10,885
10,965
15,091

2,288
2,651
4,731
4,092

14,592
9,086
10,946
12,520

49,824
53,589
53,463
49,441

26,886
25,246
39,946
34,194

98

13,825
13,407
10,899
9,655

13,061
11,839
29,047
24;539

22,152
27,834
43,071
38,988

52,280
53,774
60,368
42,574

40,972
36,656
71,307
42,635

16,717
29,278
40,516
21,809

24,255
7,378
30,791
20,825

32,956
16,940
33,484
34,472

52,533
52,621
46,902
57,340

21,304

8,594

12,710 6 27,892

54,771

100

100

92

100

132

83

95

137

73

91

151

58

1

518,450

172,527 ; 345,923

539,898

195,306

344,592

564,977

247,287

317,690

i

•

531,070

242,845

288,225

504,372

252,103

252,269

479,151

277,926

201,225

i

1
Receipts of wool at Boston compiled by Boston Chamber of Commerce; Imports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; consumption and quarterly stocks from U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, until April, 1922, beginning with April, 1922, compiled by U. S.
Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census.
2
These figures have been revised to include only comparable reports each month and thus do not contain the figures for the American Woolen Company and a few
small firms, for which estimates had been made in previous compilations. Stocks include wool, tops and noils.
3
Average of the last two quarters of 1920.
* Average of the first three quarters of 1921.
5
Includes U. S. Government stocks.
« Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.




49

COTTON.
Table 2.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

YEAR AND
MONTH.

ProProSTOCKS, END OF
ReducReducMONTH.
ConImIm- 1
tion ceipts
tion ceipts
ExEx5
(crop
into ports.4 ports.3
(crop
into ports. ports.* sumption.
esti- 7 sight.
estiWare- 5 World6
sight.
Mills.5 houses visible. mate.)
mate.) 7
I
Rel. to

Thousands of

Relative to 1913.

1909-13
average.

100
86
104
99
80

2 100
«101

1918 m o . av..
1919 m o . av..
1920 m o . av..
1921 m o . av..
1922 m o . av..

92
88
103
64

98
93
93
100

100

166
158
114

2 100
2 105
96
81
55

77
87
78
85

92
144
246
114

47
75
71
74

68
130
161
140

98
68
111
127

102
66
49
50

100
97
99

100
146
114
91

13,033
14,156
16,135
11,192
11,450
11,302

Thousands of bales.

1,203 2 20,309 727,048 482,194
1,036 2 20,558 2 763,775
490,394
1,257 i 33,798
696,583
500,767
585,810
1,186 ! 32,064
606,544
401,570
960
23,103
638,184

127
141

100
100
177 |
182 I
153 i

133
108
111
85
102

112
108
119
88
107

153
206
174
255
202

92
114
128
144

12,041
11,421
13,440
8,340

931
1,051
941
1,019

31
80
94
108

95
83
69
61

67
70
83
93

159
235
290
320

84
115
139
158

12,783
12,123
12,123
12,987

118
138
134
92

83
68
52
44

7682
91
85

94
99
100
98

321
313
298
286

52
48
17
28

66
68
82
58

91
96
85
97

95
90
83
75

102
104
126
132

Ware- World
Mills.5 houses 5 visible.8

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100
109
124
86
88
87

STOCKS, END OF
MONTH.

Bales.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1909-13 mo.av
1913 m o . av..
1914 m o . av..
1915 m o . av..
1916 mo. av..
1917 mo. av..

Consumption.5

100

342,696
546,432
513,261
539,602

640,444
518,653
534,978
407,723
492,485

822
1,566
1,935
1,685

20,004 ; 228,068
13,825
583,725
22,513
683,323
25,890 | 788,578

457,967
401,325
332,712
295,292

157
153
146
145

1,228
794
590
607

24,024
28,055
27,282
18,731

366,463
395,115
438,218
409,247

269
244
212
197

147
145
134
121

8,433
8,203

846
660
608
620

7,037
6,537
6,537
8,340

1,180
1,966
1,718
1,489

1,342
1,306
1,327
L,705

i
:
|
:

1,760 3,068
1,766
3,070
3,117
4,479
3,197
3,490
2,691
2,798
2,689
3,633
3,057
4,484
3,555

2,816
3,492
3,915
4,414

901
940
1,118
1,251

2,797
4,133
5,101
5,624

2,579
3,519
4,273
4,S46

1,264
1,327
1,337
1,316

5,645
5,503
5,253
5,027

4,822
4,707
4,476
4,434

10,542
477,389
9,849 • 495,590
3,452 ; 598,962
5,631
423,491

440,714
1,281 | 4,738
461,917
1,203
4,300
410,142 | 1,111
3,723
467,059 ! 1,006
3,464

4,512
4,454
4,108
3,724

6,362 ! 532,839
31,269 | 874,510
51,440 | 648,695
61,006
639,825

484,718
494,317
527,940
510,925

1,118
1,398
1,655
1,738

4,312
4,985
5,293
5,207

3,944
4,624
4,623
4,544

18,781
29,226
49,999
23,137

1920.

September...
October
November...
December...
1921.
January...
February.
March
April

605,381
493,426
375,180
319,933

|
j
j
j

May
June
July
August

65
63

70
55
51
52

September...
October
November...
December...

54
50
50
64

98
163
143
124

31
154
253
300

73
120
93
88

101
103
109
106

83
104
123
130

245
283
301
296

129
151
151
148

January..
February..
March
April

74
39
44
36

207
270
295
74

65
47
63
84

109
98
108
92

124
119
116
109

263
239
213
183

137
127
117
111

892
466
524
434

42,093
54,761
59,957
15,115

475,910
338,440
461,484
612,659

526,698
472,336
519,761
443,509

1,669
1,595
1,557
1,461

4,622
4,215
3,752
3,213

4,202
3,891
3,593
3,399

May....June
July
August

49
42
33
45

71
62
42
71

65
68
51
38

103
106
95
109

106
99
91
76

145
111
85
88

98
84
93
52

594
507
393
547

14,320
12,607
8,587
14,481

469,397
491,079
373,742
273,308

495,337
509,218
458,002
527,404

1,420
1,331
1,218
1,025

2,559
1,953
1,488
1,550

3,001
2,568
2,840
1,597

115

823

103

79

183

73

8 4,628

368,890

495,344

1,065

3,218

2,228

|
!
|
|
!

1922.

September...
October
November...
December...

85
87
81
78

11,065
11,400
10,575
10,135

1
Except receipts into sight, compiled by New Orleans Cotton Exchange, and world visible supply of American cotton, compiled by Commercial and Finance Chronicle.
Production estimates from U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics; imports and exports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign
and Domestic Commerce; consumption and stocks at mills and warehouses from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
* Thesefiguresare forfiscalyears; those following are for calendar years.
» Running bales counting round as half bales; linters are included.
• 500-pound bales.
6 Figures listed for years 1913 through 1922 represent monthly averages of cotton consumed and on hand at end of month during crop years (beginning Aug. 1 of the
preceding year and ending July 31 of the year to which thefigureis credited). Figures are in running bales, counting round as half bales, and do not include linters.
• Thesefiguresrepresent world visible supply of American cotton.
' The yearlyfiguresrepresent the latest revised estimates of total production for the year. The monthly figures show the current estimates of total production
as reported each month.
s Coversfirst21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.
15566°—22
4




50
COTTON MANUFACTURES.
Table 3.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
COTTON !
CLOTH

YEAB AND
MONTH.

Exports. 3
Relative to

FINE
COTTON
GOODS.*

Production.

FINE
COTTON
GOODS.*

Un-

New
Pro- orders Ship- Can- filled
Excella- orders
Sales. ducretion. ceived. ments. tions. end of ports.'

Production.

mo. i

Relative to
1919.

1913.

COTTON
CLOTH

KNIT UNDERWEAR.*

I RelaI tive to
! 1920.

Relative to 6 months' average,
July-Dec, 1920.

Thous.
of
yards.

KNIT UNDERWEAR/

Sales.

Production.

Orders
received.

Number of

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

Shipments.

Cancellations.

Unfilled
orders
end of
mo.

Dozens.
B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

2 37,062

1913 m o . a v .

2 100

1914 m o . a v .

2 93

2 34,572

1915mo.av..

117

43,195

1916 m o . a v . .

139

51,687

1917 m o . a v . ,

172

63,719

1918mo.av..

122

^ 113

1919 m o . a v . ,

154

100

100

1920 m o . a v . ,

184

90

26

100

100

124

92

81

92

591

«100
101

« 100

1921 m o . a v .

20

"100
219

147

81

14

113

40

134

164

52

10

77

226

78

166

44
25
19

66,272
58,588
44,377

261,339
204,764
187,525

61,410
46,321
24,156
89,550

668,700
453,600
209,700
99,900

101
95
105
167

| 37,487
30,087
33,024
36,772

163,111
241,211
330,160
432,224

565,511
179,919
287,897
339,970

156,600
252,000
451,800
446,400

402,300
299,700
553,500
532,800

164
175
188
159

39,767
48,395
49,668
56,381

351,053
393,526
374,653
359,703

323,132
331,815
306,589
521,458

498,600
589,500
520,200
599,400

472,500
554,400
429,300
712,800

437,400
522,900
469,800
613,800

9,000
823,500
8,100
878,400
11,700 | 943,200
7,200 I 801,000

344
357
396
384

62,290
64,489
53,422
39,842

386,929
394,864
373,943
449,913

537,402
314,858
191,440
440,578

620,100 1,368,900
675,900 839,700
674,100 540,000
603,000 448,200

663,300
701,100
480,600
528,300

9,000 1,726,200
8,100 1,791,000
25,200 1,987,200
19,800 1,928,700

400
386
306
320

31,037
32,707
48,406
51,615

320,719
339,348
397,800
366,323

229,380
202,208
319,917
273,626

615,600 1,027,800
648,000 558,000
668,700 462,600
648,000 411,300

708,300
619,200
648,900
535,500

9,900
15,300
11,700
22,500

60,448
62,850
60,238
50,068

378,974
404,202
375,944
410,858

347,368
518,068
93,964
322,396

667,800
649,800
540, COO
619,200

814,500
701,100
784,800
636,300

500,400
598,500
710,100
823,500

51,302

414,782

574,439

579,600

657,900

780,300

1920.
September..
October
November..
December..
1921.
January
February...
March
April

179
158

53

5

35

127

39

11

120

49

20

17

92

21

39

101

43

127

399

I

31

7

81

63

40

43

297

j

54

6

86

64

76

548

I

93

17

113

74

76

528

!

68

13

May....
June—
July....
August.

107

92

72

84

468

95

18

131

103

74

100

549

114

17

134

98

69

88

425

102

24

152

94

117

101

706

134

15

September..
October
November..
December..

168

101

120

105

1,356

145

18

174

103

70

114

832

153

17

144

43

114

539

105

52

108

99

102

. 444

115

40

1922.
January
February
March
April
May....
June—
July....
August.
September
October
November..
December..

84

84

51

104

1,018

|

154

20

88

88

45

110

553

|

135

31

131

104

72

113

458

141

24

139

96

61

110

407

117

46

|

163

99

78.

113

807

109

170

105

116

110

695

130

35

163

98

21

91

111

155

20

135

107

72

105

630

179

39

262
290
253
314

138

108

129

652

170

24

336

1

45,348 434,188 264,810
56,920 3 8 3 , 5 2 3 446,677
68,311 346,238 116,693 591,450 !«100,950 «459,000 648,900 6502,350
542,700 | 596,175
461,775
9,900 1,102,350
45,969 354,193 360,965

j 54,465 ! 310,531

|
!
!
|

40,500
228,600
128,700
92,700

80,100
81,000
5,400
18,900

261,000
220,500
127,800
95,400

i 141,300
3,600
j 245,700 | 2,700
j 425,700 8,100
| 311,400 | 6,300

506,700
477,000
528,300
837,000

615,600
356,400
177,300
97,200

|
!
I
|

2,011,500
1,940,400
1,535,400
1,606,500

18,900 1,316,400
17,100

1,458,000

9,900

1,269,900

18,600

1,577,700

11,700

1,687,500

I

Except exports of cotton cloth from the TJ. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. The figures for knit underwear are secured from
the Knit-Goods Manufacturers of A merica; those relating to fine cotton goods from the Fine Cotton Goods Exchange.
* These figures are for fiscal years: others are for calendar years.
* Includes duck and other cloth, bleached, unbleached, and colored. Beginning with January, 1921, the figures are reported in square yards instead of linear yards,
which probably makes the figures slightly smaller than when given in linear yards.
* Reported by 24 identical mills in the New Bedford district, representing about 50 per cent of this industry in New England and from 20 to 30 per cent throughout
the 5
United States.
Calculated from reports in percentage of capacity, based on a normal production of 900,000 dozen per month. Reports on production cover from 50 to 60 mills,
while for other items the reports cover from 30 to 40 mills.
« Average for last six months of year.
* Nine months' average, April to December.




51

MISCELLANEOUS

TEXTILES.

Table 4.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
ELAS- FIBERS
TIC (unmanu- BURWEBLAP.
facBING. tured).

RAW SILK.

RAW SILK.

Imports.2

ConStocks,
sump- end of
tion^ month.

Sales.

Imports.

Imports.2

Rel. to
1913.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Relative to

Rel. to
1919

Relative to
1909-1913 average.

Thous. of
pounds.

1920.

ELASTIC
WEBBING.

Consumption^

Sales.

1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average
average
average
average
average

1920.
September..
October
November..
December..

100
112

109
120

144

95

127

116

120

142

111

107

90

Imports.

Long
tons.

Thous. of
pounds.

2,850
2,566
3,094
3,406

28,613
32,596
32,960
32,769
41,060

33,922
37,917
36,519
34,047
32,147

108
100

40,653
36,366
36,890
47,398
39,514

1OO

95

109

116

3 1OO

1OO

87

118

140

154

151

42

81

71

117

3,619
4,060
4,627
3,308
4,377

94

93

100

71

101

150

2,690

73

63

97

47

120

137

2,067

162

BURLAP.

Thous. of
yards.

B—NUMERICAL DATA.
100
114
115
115

100

Stocks,
end of
month.

Bales.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1909-1913 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average

FIBERS
(unmanufactured).4

26,941

51,312
21,315

15,397
13,404
12,425

33,318
31,886
27,274
33,817
20,416

51,128
49,807
48,357
44,536

10,915
7,161
3,859
4,932

28,945
84,354
30,661
28,959

50,766
46,443
35,466
25,063

17,830

54

60

94

25

107

105

1,553

48

53

87

32

94

74

1,363

16,624
11,152
10,735
9,428

34

124

62

50

68

144

84

93

54

59

94

143

"74

96

137

967
2,392
2,342
5,254

22,176
16,525
25,585
28,900

31,859
27,928
16,386
20,038

7,705
9,079
11,443
12,791

19,374
26,852
27,571
26,733

48,903
48,542
27,278
46,341

27,209
33,846
32,325
32,790

20,541
15,521
17,866
18,899

12,040
13,347
12,280
13,660

23,486
27,537
21,401
13,264

43,513
36,721
33,557
34,350

31,229
26,816
24,955
20.930

23,036
19,304
19,601
24,804

14,537
15,369
13,654
13,193

11,760
10,713
11,126
25,110

33,842
22,107
26,651
24,247

31,139
28,982
22,077
19,268

12,493
12,730
13,006
11,815

14,612
18,462
27,874
15,212

37,781
31,345
41,240
37,200

33,284
29,529
24,996
34,772

20,826
26,895
27,474
32,515

22,120
23,648
16,500
20,542

56,007
72,503
36,575
25,747

34,212 j 36,795

5 22.145

^ 40,100

1921.
January..
FebruaryMarch
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..
January..
February.
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September—
October
November
December

82

143

32

184

162

39

169

153

40

78

128

4,829

151

190

30

87

108

4,307

80

208

181

35

75

99

5,936

202

184

37

46

101

5,763

191

175

45

94

41

93

5,445

134

150

38

100

37

89

3,808

166

140

38

89

39

148

4,729

237

117

48

128

6,746

161

190

61

81

51

111

4,593

133

124

56

83

65

92

3,801

120
108

149

43

84

97

122

3,406

140

38

77

53

110

3,087

164

187

41

77

165

4,662

178

166

52

83

214

5,077

144

140

54

58

108

4,102

210

195

63

72

76

5,982

5 148

192

72

5 72

5 118

5 4,230

31,409
30,233
50,064
43,462

i m p o r t s of total raw silk, unmanufactured fibers and burlap are from U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign arid Domestic Commerce; consumption and stock
at warehouses of raw silk are from the Silk Association of America; sales of elastic webbing are from the Webbing Manufacturers Exchange.
2 Total unmanufactured silk, including raw silk, cocoons and waste,
a Consumption figures represent withdrawals from warehouses. Note that February to December, 1920, inclusive, is used as the base period.
4
Includes flax, hemp,i stle, jute, kapok, manila, New Zealand flax, sisal, etc.
5
Covers first 21 days only, during which periodL fthe old tariff law was in effect.




52
ACTIVE TEXTILE MACHINERY.
Table 5.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
COTTON.*

WOOL.*
Woolen Worsted
spindles. spindles.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Wide
looms.

Narrow
looms.

Carpet
looms.

Active
Woolen Worsted Wide
spindles. spindles. spindles. looms.

Relative to 1913.

average..
average..
average..
average..
average..

3 100
101
110
116
121

3 1OO
104
100
122
115

3 10O
99
95
116
116

3 1OO
105
96

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..
average .

118
105
94
90

108
104
105
109

119
105
92

ii8

71

84

74

100

Narrow
looms.

3 68
67
71
80
74

30,346

61
54
68
55

33,624
33,429
34,458
33,071
33,086

65
65
62
55

64
65
62
60

34,041
33,772
31,700
29,879

43
46
57
64

51
51
58
66

54
50
40
43

31,509
32,497
32,148
32,597
32,836
32,665
32,448
32,931

374

100
102
102
105
109

377
78
85
89
93

3 74
77
74
90
85

111
111
114
108
109

91
81
72
69

80
77
78
81

78
68
69

76

93

90
79
100
81

65

89

94

113 ;

69

89

96

112

55
57
57
48

62
74
65
57

48
51
53
49

49
57
67
78

126

104
100

Thousands.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
3 1OO
99
104
118
109

121

Active
spindles.

Carpet
looms.

Per cent of active to total.

A.-INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

COTTON.2

WOOL.*

73
70

3 73
77
70
92

73

30,920
30,720
31,807
32,984

1920.
September
October
November

74

88

72

85

91

105

62

77

66

75

88

99

53

66

58

70

79

104

53

77

62

70

74

107

69

91

77

79

59

106

88

105

86

90

63

108

41
41
53
68

99

118

100

97

68

108

76

87

74

71

46

103

122

108

103

69

108 i

79

90

80

75

47

104

122

109

103

72

107 ;

103

118

108

104

74

109 ;

80
79

90
87

81
80

75
74

49
50

101

124

105

99

88

112

101

123

103

104

101

113

78
78

92
91

78
76

72
74

60
69

1921.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October..
November
December. . .

104

124

104

103

107

114

80

92

77

75

73

101

122

99

107

109

114

78

90

73

78

74

97

118

95

108

109

114

95

116

89

100

115

112

104

116

93

100

116

105

75
73
80

87
86
86

70
66
69

79
73
73

74
78
79

109

101

88

99

116

104

84

75

65

72

79

108

84

81

88

116

105 i

83

64

79

91

85

89

115

105 ;

86

62
67

60

112

63

65

33,875
34,222
34,487
34,489

78

>

1922.
January
February .
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November

1

112

. .

92

86

92

115

106

86

!

68

64

67

92

86

99

115

107

84

•

68

64

72

78

108

101

88

93

116

110

110

109

97

104

121

83
85

75
81

65
72

68
76

79
82

Data from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census.

cotton si
* Reported as of the 1st of the month.




31,653
31,877
31,975
32,499

78

109

34,458
33,797
31,875
31,389

33,297
i
1

Figures opposite any one year represent the monthly average number of active

53

HOURLY ACTIVITY IN TEXTILE MACHINERY.
Table 6.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
WOOL.2

Spinning
spindles.

Looms.

WIDE.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Sets
of Combs.
WOOL- WORNAR- CARPET cards.
AND
EN.

RUG.

STED.

Spinning
spindles.

Looms.

WIDE.

NAR-

Sets
of
Combs.
CARPET cards.
WOOLAND

108

100
106

75
66

94
71

120
116

1921.
January
February
March
,
April

55
49
90
101

52
60
77
95

92
79
78
77

May....
June
July....
August..

120
131
135
130

113
125
132
127

September.
October
November.
December..

126
122
123
117

April

110
106
108
103

May
June
July
August

1920.
November
December

1922.
January
February
March

September.

October....
November.
December..




!
!

100
108

Millions
of hours. Hours.

Per cent of active hours to total reported.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100
109

100
108

100
108

80
64

84
73

54
57
79
102

48
64

82
95
102
91

119
128
131
126

124
130
131
133

124
142
151
157

130
122
122
114

96
102
105
103
104
119

100

WOR-

Total Activity
per
activity spindle
of
in
spindles place.

RUG.

Relative to 12-month average, Nov., 1920-Oct., 1921.

12 mo. av. Nov., 1920,
to Oct., 1921
100
1921 monthly average. 108

COTTON.

WOOL.2

61.0

66.0

55.7
60.3

46.2
49.0

62.9
68.2

77.0
83.9

63.3
68.4

71.7
77.6

65

45.9
40.3

52.3
39.6

55.3
53.8

54.1
42.9

61.6
49.0

53.3
46.1

61.5
46.6

50
56
78
104

49
62
87
104

33.3
30.0
54.7
61.7

28.8
33.3
42.9
52.7

42.5
36.5
36.1
35.7

33.9
35.7 |
49.4 ;
64.2 |

37.1
49.0
73.8
88. 7

31.6
35.5
49.5
65.9

34.8
44.7
62.1
74.3

123
128
125
114

122
129
129
126

121
125
130
120

73.4
80.1
82.5
79.2

63.2
69.9
73.7
70.6

38.0
44.1
47.1
42.1

75.0 I
80.2 j
82.1 |
79.4

94.6
98.6
95.9
87.4

77.1
81.4
81.8
80.0

86.5
89.6
93.4
85.7

7,320

200

125
126
130
125

118
127
129
122

124
125
129
123

123
129
128
122

76.7
74.2
75.1
71.3

69.0
72.5
73.0
74.3

57.4
65.5
69.9
72.7

78.9
79.0
82.0
78.8

91.2
97.6
99.5
93.8

78.8
79.1
81.7
78.1

88.5
92.2
91.9
87.4

7,379
7,583
7,689
7,726

202
207
210
210

152
165
166
169

116
120
134
141

128
125
126
107

118
118
129
136

120
120
115
99

67.1
64.8
65.9
63.1

72.2
68.0
68.1
63.5

j 70.3
| 76.1
j 76.9
j 78.2

72.9
75.4
84.4
88.4

98.6
96.3
97.2
82.3

74.4
74.6
81.6
S5.9

86.2
86.1
82.7
70.8

7,932
7,120
7,779
6,636

215
193
211
180

108
112

162
163
156
152

137
143
145
140

94
103
105
104

134
140
142
136

87
91
96
92

58.4
62.4
63.8
62.8

53.4
55.2
59.9
62.5

74.8
75.5
72.1
70.4

86.2
89.7
91.0
88.2

72.7
79.2
81.2
80.4

84.8
88.6
89.9
86.0

62.1
65.3
68.5
66.1

7,493
7,646
7,045
8,033

203
207
191
217

105
128

166
175

141
145

111
121

136
139

100
117

63.6
72.4

58.3
71.3

76.8
80.9

88.8
91.3

85.5
93.2

86.2
S8.1

71.4
84.0

7,761

209

1

1

j
!
'
!

:

Compiled by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

Reported as of the 1st of the month, but really covers previous month's operations.

54
TEXTILE WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 7.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type: numerical data on opposite pa?e.]

COTTON. 2

YEAB AND MONTH.

COTTON
YARN.

Carded,
white,
Price to Middling northern,
upland,
producer,
New
mule spun,
all grades. York. 22/1 cones,
Boston.

COTTON GOODS.

Print
cloth,
27%
Boston.

WOOL.*

Sheetings,
UnOhio,
4/4 Ware
washed, fine, unshoals,
price to
LL,
producer, washed,
New York. all grades. Boston.

WORSTED
YARN.

WOMEN'S
DRESS
GOODS.

2/32's
crossbred
stock,
Boston.

Storm
Wool-dyed,
serge, all
blue,
Japanese,
wool,
55/56",
Kansai
double
MiddleNo.l,
sex,
warp, 50",
New York.
Boston.
New York.

SUITINGS.

SILK,
RAW.

Relative to 1913.
100.0
88.3
74.1
112.5
179.1

100.0
94.6
79.4
113.1
183.7

100.0
88.0
81.0
120.0
181.2

100.0
88.1
83.5
121.5
192.2

100.0
91.2
84.0
117.6
192.7

100.0
105.3
134.7
165.2
282.6

100.0
109.1
122.7
140.9
250.0

100.0
82.4
101.4
135.2
200.8

100.0
88.9
99.1
135.4
193.4

100.0
94.4
101.2
127.8
204.4

100.0
101.5
91.2
133.7
150.9

av
av....
av
av

245.8
246.6
267.5
102.5

248.5
253.9
264.9
118.8

267.5
240.8
283.8
. 133.3

327.5
287.0
363.8
146.3

317.3
273.5
343.5
143.0

346.1
305.3
228.3
101.1

290.9
277.3
277.3
140.9

271.5
209.5
234.9
151.7

260.4
234.2
238.3
156.6

261.5
259.5
270.5
189.8

172.3
244.0
227.4
165.8

. ..

259.1
212.5
161.4
116.6

235.0
176.8
148.4
120.8

257.7
196.2
165.4
142.8

289.9
237.7
188.4
170.4

277.7
241.5
218.4
167.9

167.6
164.6
149.1
131.1

254.5
227.3
177.3
145.5

206.0
193.1
167.4
141.6

225.3
204.4
204.4
204.4

269.4
259.2
233.0
198.1

173.7
164.3
158.9
154.8

1921.
January
February
March
April... .

95. S
98.3
85. S
78.3

130.6
108.7
92.1
94.9

135.6
129.8
114.2
112.2

167.5
153.0
130.4
124.1

155.2
150.8
141.9
124.3

117.3
118.5
113.1
107.1

140.9
140.9
150.0
150.0

148.1
148.1
154.5
154.5

186.2
157.3
157.3
157.3

198.1
198.1
198.1
198.1

158.9
157.5
161.6
158.9

May
June
July
August

78.3
81.6
80.0
81.6

101.1
94.1
96.6
108.6

115.4
116.7
112.6
122.3

124.1
124.1
124.3
136.8

119.9
115.8
115.8
117.6

95.8
92.2
92.8
92.2

145.5
140.9
131.8
127.3

160.9
154.5
148.1
148.1

157.3
157.3
157.3
157.3

189.3
189.3
189.3
183.5

154.8
157.5
157.5
148.1

September
October
November.. .
December

105.0
165.0
147.5
135.0

159.8
154.0
142.3
143.4

160.0
170.2
160.0
154.2

168.4
185.5
174.0
167.5

151.6
167.6
172.0
173.5

92.8
94.6
93.4
101.1

131.8
131.8
131.8
140.9

148.1
148.1
148.0
160.9

157.3
146.5
144.9
144.9

183.5
183.5
183.5
183.5

164 3
165.6
197.0
209.0

1922.
January
February
March
April .

136.6
129.1
132.5
133.3

140.0
141.2
143.2
141.5

147.5
141.6
142.5
141.3

167.5
163.2
173.0
173.3

159.6
159.6
156.7
147.7

107.7
133.5
149.7
148.5

159.1
172.7
177.3
172.7

164.5
167.4
160.9
167.4

144.9
144.9
144.9
144.9

183.5
183.5
183.5
183.5

185.8
180.4
165.6
179.1

May
June
July
August

132.5
155.8
170.0
172.5

162.9
172.7
174.6
171.1

149.4
161.4
166.4
169.5

184.9
188.4
190.7
187.5

150.8
162.2
172.0
174.1

173.7
196.4
194.6
189.2

186.3
213.6
218.2
218.2

173.8
183.7
180.3
180.3

144.9
144.9
144.9
144.9

198.1
198.1
198.1
212.6

197.9
200.6
193.9
195.2

175.8
166.7

167.9

166.5

190.7

175.6

189.2

218.2

186.7

144.9

212.6

210.0

1913 monthly av
1914 monthly av....
1915 monthly av
1916 monthly av
1917 monthly av....
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1920.
September
October
November
December.

September
October..
November
December

. .




See footnotes on opposite page.

55

TEXTILE WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 8.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
COTTON.*

YEAR AND MONTH.

COTTON
YARN.

WORSTED
YARN.

WOOL.2

Carded,
Unwhite,
Sheetings,
Ohio,
4/4 Ware washed, fine, unPrint
Price to Middling Northern,
mule
price to
cloth, 27", shoals,
producer, upland,
washed,
spun,
LL,
Boston.
producer,
all grades. New York.
22/1 cones,
New York. all grades. Boston.
Boston.

1913 monthly av $ 0 , 1 2 0
.106
1914 monthly av
.089
1915 monthly av—
.135
1916 monthly av
1917 monthly av
.215
.295
.296
.321
.123

2/32's
crossbred
stock,
Boston.

WOMEN'S
DRESS
GOODS.

SUITINGS.

SILK,
RAW.

Storm
serge, all Wool-dyed
blue,
wool,
Kansai,
55/56",
double
No. 1,
Middlesex, New York.
warp 50", Boston.
New York.

Per pound.

Per yard.

Per pound

1918 monthly av....
1919 monthly av
1920 monthly av
1921 monthly av

COTTON
GOODS.

Per yard.

Per pound.

$0,128
.121
.102
.145
. 235

$0,248
.218
.198
.297
.449

$0,035
.030
.029
.042
.066

$0,061
.056
.052
.072
.118

$0,167
.176
.225
.276
.472

$0.22
.24
.27
.31
.55

$0,777
.640
.788
1.050
1.556

$0,563
.500
.557
.762
1.088

$1,545
1.459
1.564
1.974
3.158

$3,640
3.694
3.318
4.867
5.494

.318
.325
.339
.152

.662
.596
.703
.331

.113
.099
.126
.051

.195
.168
.210
.087

.578
.510
.381
.169

.64
.61
.61
.31

2.109
1.627
1.825
1.179

1.465
1.318
1.340
.882

4.040
4.009
4.179
2.933

6.273
8. 880
8.273
6.035

I

1920.
September...
October
November
December.

.311
.255
.194
.140

.301
.226
190
. 155

.638
.486
.409
.353

.100
.082
.065
.059

.171
.148
.134
.103

.280
.275
.249
.219

.56
.50
.39
.32

1.600
1.500
1.300
1.100

1.287
1.150
1.150
1.150

4.162
4.005
3.600
3.060

6.321
5.978
5 782
5 635

January.
February
March
April. .

.115
.118
.103
.094

.167
.139
.118
.121

.336
.321
.283
.278

.058
.053
.045
.043

.095
.093
.087
.076

.196
.198
.189
.179

.31
.31
.33
.33

1.150
1.150
1.200
1.200

1.047
.885
.885
.885

3.060
3.060
3.060
3 060

5 782
5.733
5.880
5 782

May

June
July
August.

094
.098
.096
098

129
.120
.124
139

.286
.289
.279
.303

.043
.043
.043
.047

.074
.071
.071
.072

.160
.154
.155
.154

.32
.31
.29
.28

1.250
1.200
1.150
1.150

885
.885
.885
.885

2 925
2 925
2.925
2 835

5
5
5
5

September
October
November..
December

126
.198
.177
.162

204
197
.182
.183

.396
.421
.397
.382

.058
.064
.060
.058

.093
.103
.105
.107

.155
.158
.156
.169

.29
.29
.29
.31

1.150
1.150
1.150
1.250

885
.824
.815
.815

2 835
2 835
2 835
2.835

5 978
6 027
7 154
7.595

January
February ..
March .
April

163
.155
159
.160

179
.181
183
.181

.365
.351
.353
.350

058
.056
.060
.060

098
.098
096
.091

.180
.223
.250
.248

.35
.38
.39
.38

1 278
1.300
1 250
1.300

815
.815
815
.815

2
2
2
2

6
6
6
6

May
June.
July
August

.159
.187
.204
.207

.208
.221
223
.219

.370
.400
.412
.420

.064
.065
.066
.065

.093
.100
106
.107

.290
.328
.325
.316

.41
.47
.48
.48

1.350
1.427
1.400
1.400

.815
.815
815
.815

3.060
3.060
3 060
3 285

7 203
7.301
7 056
7 105

September
October
November
December

.211

215

.412

.066

!08

.316

.48

1 450

815

3 285

7 644

1921.

635
733
733
390

1922.

1

835
835
835
835

762
566
027
517

.200

1
Prices of cotton and wool to the producer on the 1st and 15th of each month, respectively, are weighted averages of prices received by producers throughout the United
States for all grades of cotton and wool as compiled by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economic. All other prices are averages of weekly
quotations compiled by the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, except wool prices from compilation by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign
and 2Domestic Commerce.
The prices of cotton and wool to the producer represent a composite of all grades as they come from the farms. The market prices, especially in the case of wool,
are quoted on a specific grade above the average and includes handling and transportation charges.




56

PIG IRON.
Table 9.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on oppo-ite page.]
MERCHANT PIG IRON.

IRON
ORE
MOVEMENT.*
YEAR A#D MO^TH.

Stocks on hand.
PRODUCTION.

At Sault
Ste.
Marie
Canals.

Production.

Sales.

Relative to 1913.
I

100
75
97

Unfilled
Orders.

Merchant
furnaces
only.

Steel
plants
making
some
merchant
iron.

Meltings.*

WHOLESALE PRICES.
Pi g Iron.
Foundry, No. Basic
2 North- (valley
ern
fur(Pitts- nace).
burgh).

Relative to 1921.

Relative t o 1914.

|

Composite
iron.6

Relative to 1913.
100
87
93
132
259

100

100

1OO

1OO

132
128
126
98
118
53

126
100
119
54

133
155
44

129
125
44

145
176
57

122
129
115
106

154
155
137
115

50
18
19

198
173
144
87

216

78
54
44
40

31

49
45
48
49

109

2

94
76
62
47

51
124
83
82

48
42
34
37

39
36
32
26

34
24
40
63

54
43
38
60

85

68
60
9

38
49
55
64

29
38
54
63

85
61
48
64

67
91
78
61

87

64
64
79
81

60
51
67
65

69
79
153
240

71
76
104
114

69

90
92
94

117
83
74
68

123
111
115
89

109

71

66
75
66
51

79

58

55

77

;

186
263
85

63
38
84

3 1OO

& 1OO

1OO
88
93
134
265

1OO
88
92
132
259

215
189
281
157

221
188
287
148

222
191
284
156

320
303
261
236

1OO

127
124

164
162
104
3

1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average. .
1921 monthly average

September
October. . . .
November
December

100
65
94

Shipments.

to to to
co co oo

1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly average

OHIO
FOUNDRY
IRON.

330
298
248
224

318
305
271
235

204
187
165
156

212
194
177
167

1920.

17

181
140

120

25
32
43
67

1921.
January
February.
March
April....
May
June
July
August
September
October
Nnvp.TTihp.r

December..
January
February

88
86
90
93

114
111
105

121
79

211
187
173
167

91
92
92
84

112
116
113
95

93
95
80
117

158
149
138
137

150
141
132
124

159
150
110
132

79
69
67
72

85
77
79
93

4 72
126
117
100

143
143
142
137

130
131
129
127

136
137
136
132

76
72
71
59

95
89
96
82

112
151
193
234

133
130
131
142

123
121
122
136

132
125
125
135

95
82

44
41
32
21

69
49
38
24

239
245
283
348

161
162
163
202

167
170
165
181

155
158
159
180

71

20

16

303

229

222

211

102
94
90

78
77
80

79
72
71

1922.

March
April
May
June

July
August...
September
October
November
December




2
26
124
167
167
125

:

70

82
114

106

1
See footnotes on opposite page.

i

57
PIG IRON.
Table 10.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
MERCHANT PIG IRON.

IRON
ORE
MOVEMENT.*

Stocks on hand.
PRODUCTION.

YEAB AND
MONTH.

At Sault
Ste. Marie
Canals.

Production.

Sales.

Shipments.

Unfilled
orders.

Merchant
furnaces
only.

Steel
plants
making
some
merchant
iron.

1913 mo. a v .

5,345,484

2,560,342

1914 mo. a v .

3,490,418

1915 mo. a v .

5,023,734

1,920,813
2,471,881
3,253,280
3,182,165

Meltings. 4

Per cent
of normal.

Long tons.

Short tons.

OHIO
FOUNDRY
IRON.

1916 mo. a v .

7,050,234

1917 mo. a v .

6,819,343

1918 m o . av.

6,727,922

1919 mo. a v .

5,213,644

1920 m o . a v .

6,308,944

1921 mo. a v .

1920.
September..
October
November..
December...

WHOLESALE PRICES.
Pig iron.
Foundry
No. 2
Northern
(Pittsburgh).

Basic
(valley
furnace).

Composite
Pigft
Iron.e

Dollars per long ton.

816.00
329,964

332,724

1,305,073

759,572

$14.75

$15.42

13.90

12.88

14.87

378,925

13.74

13.52
14.15
20.31
39.99

21.07

19.76

41.39

38.90

34.46

32.51

30.31

27.70

44.90

42.25

25.17

21.74

34.38
29.91
43.80
24.05

51.21

48.50

48.98

48.46

43.75

47.07

41.76

36.50

41.80

37.71

33.00

36.31

33.84

30.00

32.62

29.96

27.50

29.95

24.96

27.66

24.20

27.35

16.31

26.71

22.88

25.80

19.34

25.36

22.00

24.47

19.64

23.84

20.75

23.08

16.67

22.09

19.38

21.57

24.14

21.86

18.20

20.29

503,450
586,016
168,494

425,425

483,511

2,432,964

412,697

585,653

3,435,852

2,837,557

3,208,837
2,548,573
3,034,510
1,378,641

145,854

189,495

1, 111, 934

480,650
289,145
634,959 3188,422

8,747,732
8,684,487
5,563,925
137,564

3,129,323
3,292,597
2,934,908
2,703,855

584,573
588,965
520,605
435,473

164,950
58,527
63,015
57,597

658,509
577,050
478,284
289,644

2,813,951
2,361,759
1,833,417
1,566,408

187,775
244,207
328,198
506,706

95,328

2,416,292
1,937,257
1,595,522
1,193,041

296,335
204,974
166,071
153,193

92,256
74,874
96,942
101,651

161,764
151,239
160,268
161,552

1,425,844
1,326,408
1,231,123
1,172,847

665,376
653,854
685,363
703,488

214,302
209,414
197,240

May
June
July
August..

2,747,361
6,640,152
4,356,760
4,384,949

1,221,221
1,064,833
864,555
954,193

148,945
135,892
121,469
99,227

113,682
80,283
132,821
208,227

178,575
144,198
127,137
200,181

1,103,487
1,012,307
1,004,149
1,040,857

693,270
698,600
702,289
637,820

210,243
219,175
213,672
179,431

September.
October
November.
December..

3,610,454
3,209,886
493,122

985,529
1,246,676
1,415,481

108,432

279,938
201,604
157,487
210,485

224,280
304,325
258,725
201,485

1,131,668
1,026,769
942,829
924,922

598,700
522,047
510,990
547,708

160,457
145,327
148,540
174,842

U4.94

22.96

19.13

20.99

26.09

22.96

19.19

21.15

24.20

22.66

19.00

20.92

20.80

21.96

18.63

20.42

228,467
260,094
504,631
791,970

234,987
251,348
346,571
378,884

894,961
911,065
1,070,027
1,484,267

580,263
546,403
539,363
445,216

179,216
167,805
180,912
154,202

23.13

21.26

18.15

20.42

31.17

20.84

17.75

19.31

39.97

20.96

17.94

19.26

48.40

22.71

20.00

20.77

1,420,713
1,378,223
1,240,206
1,065,280

333,613
309,079
244,808
158,877

130,865
93,407
70,907
45,366

49.48

25.76

24.60

23.91

50.75

25.96

25.00

24.29

58.54

26.02

24.25

24.54

71.97

32.37

26.60

24.74

929,205

150,524

30,943

62.68

36.65

32,63

32.48

1921.
January
February . . .
March
April

1922.
January
February...
March
April

143,762
203,145
240,484

228,667
192,804
252,957

80,634

1,638,697
1,629,991
2,034,794
2,072,114

May
June
July
August..

1,379,850
6,617,660
8,942,659
8,936,377

2,306,679
2,361,028
2,405,365
1,816,170

250,089
282,961
251,612
191,965

386,736
273,461
244,666
222,842

407,856
368,222
381,636

September.
October
November.
December..

6,658,148

2,033,720

220,882

181,832

256,354

5 20.71

1
Iron ore movement from the U. S. War Department, Engineer Corps;figuresfor pig-iron production (anthracite and coke, not including charcoal iron) furnished by
the Iron Age; merchant pig iron by the American Pig Iron Association; Ohio foundry iron by Ohio State Foundrymen's Association; wholesale prices, average of weekly
quotations, from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, except composite pig iron, which is compiled by the American Metal Market.
2
No allowance made for seasonal variation in computing these index numbers. Thefiguresrepresent about 85 per cent of the total iron ore production of the United
States.
3 Relative to 11 months' average, February-December, 1921.
4
Represents percentages of actual to normal melt of gray iron foundries in Ohio. Prior to September, reports represent the month beginning with the 15th day of the
calendar month. September figures are for the period Sept. 15 to 30 only. Subsequent figures are for calendar months.
& Relative to 10 months' average, March-December, 1921.
• The composite pig iron price compiled by the American Metal Market is the average price of 10 tons of iron distributed as follows: One ton each of Bessemer Valley;
No. 2 foundry valley; No. 2 X foundry at Philadelphia and at Buffalo; No. 2 foundry at Clevelend and at Chicago; two tons each of basic valley and No. 2 Southern
foundry, Cincinnati.




58
CRUDE STEEL.
Table 11.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
STEEL;! U . S . STEEL
IX- I CORPORAGOTS.i
TION.2

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Unfilled
orders, j Earnend of ings.
month.

S H E E T S , BLUE, BLACK,
GALVANIZED.3

IRON AND
STEEL.

I Steel Strucbillets, tural
Iron
I Besse- steel
and
ports. j| mer beams steel.8
i (Pitts- (Pittsburgh). 9 burgh).£

Ex-

Production.

Unsold ShipUnfilled ports
stocks, i ments. Sales. orders. (compara-

Com-

Im-

ble).

Relative to 1920.

Relative to 1913.

WHOLESALE PRICES.

Comsteel.7

Relative to 1913.

1915 monthly average..'•

103

100
70
88

128

100
78
87

1916 m o n t h l y average.. j

137

165

243

220

170

177

154

163

100
86
92
161

1917 m o n t h l y average.. |

144

181

215

235

102

271

269

266

259

252

1918 m o n t h l y average..

142

146

136

194

53

183

202

215

220

213

1919 m o n t h l y average..

Ill

101

105

160

101

157

174

191

193

188

1920 m o n t h l y average..

135

170

129

180

138

218

187

249

211

222

1921 m o n t h l y average..

64

90

38

134

131

155

152

152

141

176

141

111

179

120

239

147

113

198

150

261

213

230

124

153

131

110

138

106

184
184
184
180

221

167

228
213
193
169

262

142

100

128

79

117

169
164
149
145

1913 monthly average..

100

1914 m o n t h l y average..

75

100
52
95

100
56

100
90

100

1OO

48

830

49

50

32

!

91

111

79

96

|

117

110

51

99

204

108

33

190

192

47

304

73

33

43

218

57

126

20

670

27

32

40

239

89

25

739

34

25

39

172

100

100

100

100
83
93

100
87
94

100
j
I

88
95

1920.

September
October
November.....
December
1921.
January
February
March
April

64
|

14

242

203

215

203

191

187

162
162
152
147

197

189

184

185

180

176

172

171

166

167

170

165

146
146
139
123

165

170

166

159

165

159

145

153

148

137

144

141
136

71

106

68

38

739

34

37

36

101

|

17

57

99

64

47

713

49

61

38

71

I

19

May....
June
July....
August.

55

93

68

57

826

53

42

33

62

47

45

87

60

46

1,143

45

29

28

47

34

36

82

45

27

37

38

26

38

40

52

77

57

53

51

60

26

33

37

144
144
125
115

September.
October
November..
December..

53

77

63

60

791

56

94

32

41

50

113

123

134

138

73

73

72

74

796

74

91

35

47

52

113

116

135

134

134

75

72

51

70

826

69

58

29

55

41

113

106

132

133

128

65

72

40

809

65

40

23

59

41

113

129

130

127

72

72

41

58

848

59

21

62

50

109

99

127

126

124

79

70

54

77

848

78

23

49

43

109

99

125

124

121

107

76

74

94

813

84

183

44

78

53

109

125

122

122

68

103

604

99

177

55

81

70

114

131

126

125

1922.
January
February
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September.
October
November..
December..

111

|

77

119

378

116

148

49

87

132

106

139

127

127

119

95

94

119

383

115

181

61

77

147

136

106

140

129

130

113

98

86

100

348

101

96

56

56

273

136

109

142

130

131

100

101

93

120

317

113

110

49

52

188

140

116

151

137

138

113

61

111

365

104

123

51

48

153

137

166

146

146

123

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Yearly figures represent the monthly averages of total production of all companies as compiled annually by the A merican Iron and Steel Institute. The institute reports
monthly production figures for 30 companies which produced 84.2 per cent of the total output of the country in 1920 and 87.5 per cent in 1921. In order to make the monthly
figures comparable, they have been calculated to a 100 per cent production on the basis of the above percentages, the 1922 figures being calculated on the 1921 average.
2 Unfilled orders of steel and earnings reported by U. S. Steel Corporation.
3 Sheets, blue, black, and galvanized, reported by the National Association of Sheet and Tin Plate Manufacturers, representing almost all the independent sheet manufacturers.
< This column gives a total of pig iron and rolled products as used by the Iron Trade Review, which is comparable each month back to 1913.
5
Beginning with January, 1922, all commodities are given in quantities in the export reports, many of which were previously available only on a value basis. This
column gives the total of all pig iron and rolling-mill products as compiled by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.




59
CRUDE STEEL.
Table 12.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

ThouThouLong tons. sands of sands of
long
dollars.
tons.
1913 monthly average 2,523,344
1914 monthly average 1 901 649
1915 monthly average. 2,607,018
1916 monthly average 3,450,160
1917 monthlyaverage 3 634 933
1918 monthly average.
1919 monthlv average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average.

3,587,585
2 807 900
3,406,783
1,602,933

8,635
5,995
10,023
5,331

15,595
11,966
14,724
7,726

1920.
September
October
November
December

3 562 410
3 581 920
3 133 810
2,779,530 I

10 375
9 837
9,021
8,148

2,518,503 '
1 999 859
1,795,814
1,447,016

Unfilled
orders.

Sales.

EXPORTS.
For com- Total. 5
parison.4

IMPORTS.

Steel StrucCombillets, tural Iron C o m - posite :
Besse- steel
and 8 posite finmer beams
ished
Total.* (Pitts- (Pitts- steel. steel.e steel. 7
burgh)9 burgh)9
Dollars Dollars Dollars
per
per
per
long pound. long
ton.
ton.

Long tons.

5,972
10,866
27,798
24,608

WHOLESALE PRICES

IRON AND STEEL.

Per cent of capacity.

5,907 11,432
4,115
5,189
9 720
10,716

Shipments.

orders, Earnend of ings.
month.

Production.

Unsold
stocks.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Unfilled

S H E E T S , BLUE, BLACK,
GALVANIZED.s

Production.

U. S. STEEL
CORPORATION.2

STEEL
INGOTS.*

Dollars per
pound.

26,556 25.79 0 . 0 1 6 26.32 0.0172 0.0166

228,801
129 123
1
293,207
1
503 971
536 980

.043

22.92
24.76
40.50
70.10

.0152
.0163
.0280
.0446

. 0143
.6153
0267 '
.0419

47.27
40 54
56.26
34.46

.032
.028
.028
.021

56.67
50.37
65.60
40.74

.0379
. 0332
. 0363
.0261

. 0354
.0312
.0368
.0253

.028
.028
.028
.027

68.86
68.61
63.75
53.45

.0380
.0367
.0350
.6328

.0396
. 0381
.0357
.0311

24 027
23,533
25 906
26 974

20 08
22.44
43 95
69 86

.013
.015

14,052
26 837
36 626
10,088

028

72.7

60.8

34.9

19.1

35.9

30.7

294.4
94.1

444,835
366 663
412,030
183,980

16,174
16,775
15,003
12,099

80.7
82.3
72.0
34.2

2.1

48.1
31.3
19.8
19.7

283.5
234.5
172.4
126.2

408 605
451,972
434,290
499,780

31 825
39 797

7.0

81.0
80.2
78.2
53.1

15,120

58 75
55.00
49.70
43.50

7,573
6,934
6,285
5,845

14,387
10,158
7,741
7,337

14.9
18.3
27.9
34.5

15.4
17.0
17.0
16.4

19.5
24.7
24.5
35.7

19.2
15.3
22.6
36.9

119.2
113.8
105.2
112.3

546,402
394 638
230,253
162,793

17,104
3,672
4,505 i
4,935

43.50
42.25
38.40
37.50

.025
.025
.023
.022

51.98
48.81
45.37
43.84

.0325
.0310
. 0294
. 0293

.0306
.0292
.0276
.0274

1,387,698
1 147 012
918,354
1,300,950

5,482
5 118
4,830
4,532

7,732
6 824
5,157
6,503

41.8
33.8
19.7
38.8

19.0
26.3
22.6
21.1

38.2
33 0
27.0
37.1

25.3
17.8
22.8
36.2

96.4
81 8
74.3
75.3

142,553
107 152
86,939
75,646

12,570
9 044 '
10,633 i
9,706

37.00
37.00
32.25
29.60

.022
.022
.021
.019

43.32
41.87
38.14
35.99

. 0293
.0283
. 0263
.0248

.0276
.0264 •
.0246 '
.0234

September
October
November
December

1 342 867
1,848,205
1 897 578
1 631 336 !

4 561
4,287
4,251
4,268

7 258
8,204
6 440
4,967

43 6
53.8
51 2
40 1

IS 2
18.3
19 0
18.6

41 0
53.4
49.8
47.3

57 0
55.1
35 5
24.2

94 8
102.3
84.9
68.8

94 838
106,584
125 516
134 447

13 178
13,910
•
10, 997
10,798

29 00
29.00
29.00
29.00

019

.018
.017
.015

35.34
35.46
34.71
33.99

.0237
.0230
.0228
.0223

.0225
. 0222
.0213
. 0211

1922.
January
February
March
April.

1 821 .539
1,994,767
2,710.049
2,794,368

4 242
4,141
4,494
5,097

4 654
6,181
8,505
7,750

42 0
56 1
68.0
75.2

19 5
19.5
18.7
13.9

39 0 35.6
50.5 47.3
61.1 111.4
72.3 107.7

62 5
66.8
128.7
161.0

140 784
112 812
178,113
184,991

162 217
135,758
210,095
200,735

13,405
11,537
14,149
18,720 :

28.00
28.00
28.00
29.50

.015
.015
.014
.015

33.45
32.86
32.97
34.42

. 0217
. 0214
. 0209
.0216

.0206
.0201
.0202
.0208

May
June
Julv
August

3,099,155
3,011,519
2,843,054
2,531,529

5,254
5,636
5,776
5,950

8,825
10,712
9,834
10,615

86.6
86.4
72.7
87.2

8.7

7.3

84 2 69.8
83.3 110.0
58.2
73.6
82.2 67.0

144.2
179.7
166.3
144.9

187,732
177,067
128,326
119,067

231,260
220,112
159,338
146,961

23,097
39,154
72,425 ;
50,050 I

34.00
35.00
35.00
36.10

.016
.016
.017
.018

36.51
36. 96
37. 50
39. 71

.0218
.0222
.0223
. 0236

.0211
.0215
.0217
. 0229

2,713,511 '

6,692

7 020

80 4

8.4

75.4

75.0

150 3

109 207

130,72S

76,393

39.50

.021

43. 79

. 0251

.0243

. . . .

72.7

2.3

2.7
4.7

50,995 i

1921.
January
February
March
April
Mav
June
i Julv
I August

September .
October. . ,
November
December

...

!

8.8
8.0

1

10

1

See footnotes on opposite page also.
6
The figures for composite steel compiled by the American Metal Market represent the average price per pound of steel products weighted as follows: 2\ pounds oars,
1$ pounds plates, H pounds shapes, 1£ pounds pipe, H pounds wire nails, 1 pound galvanized sheets, and £ pound tin plate.
~< Composite price of finished steel products compiled by the Iron A ge includes: Steel bars, beams, tank plates, plain wire, open-hearth rails, black pipe, and black sheets.
These products, according to the Iron Age, constitute 88 per cent of the United States output of finished steel.
8
Average of weekly prices compiled by the Iron Trade Review on the following 14 products: Pig iron, billets, slabs, sheet bars, wire rods, steel bars, plates, structural
shapes, black galvanized and blue annealed sheets, tin plate, wire nails, and black pipe. Pig iron average in turn is average of 13 different quotations.
9
Average of weekly prices from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
!o Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.




60

IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS.
Table 13.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources*
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

FRT.
CARS.

LOCOMOTIVES.

Shipments.

Unfilled orders.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

DomesTotal.
tic.
Relative
to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

Foreign.

Orders.

Domes- ForTotal.
eign.
tic.

121
73
65
37

Under
conCom-5
Domes- struc- pleted.
tions
tic.

90
143
119

100
63

100
48

100
25

100
23

100
31

74
115

115
102
85

123
109

100
89
77
57

33

91
93

123
180
187
181

24

107
107
104
97

1921.
January
February
March
April

72
58
53
60

135
97
102
125

80
79
55
53

51
41
34
21

55
44
37
22

43

20

26
2
13
3

92
85
78
64

May....
June
July....
August.

25
26
19
31

52
39
29
40

20
42
28
57

22
19
18
18

19
15
*3
16

28
25
28
21

2
14
9
1

56
50
45
44

September.
October
November.
December..

35
25
9
29

46
48
13
27

62
25
17
66

16
23
24
20

11
13
16
16

25
42
28

5
62
67
5

1922.
January
February
March
April

24
14
13
7

10
36
32
12

71
4
4

16
18
25
47

16
19
29
58

14
15
17
24

105
138
114
300

23
12
17
18

May
June
July....
August.

23
37
42
49

49
61
111
118

18
53
7
24

47
44
61
78

56
55
80
104

29
21
23
25

174
125
130
15

19
18
19
22

September.
October
November.
December..

39

103

1920.
September
October
November
December

66

111

36
27

62
24

STEEL BARRELS
AND DRUMS.

Sales.3

Number.

ShipTotal ments.
horsepower.

Relative to 1919.

Unfilled
orders.

Production.

Relative to 1921.

9
8
5
8
21

100

152
19
63
18

STOKERS.

Sales.

Relative Relative Relative 1 Relative
to 1913. to 1920. to 1919. to 1913.

Relative to 1920.

average.. 100
average..
39
average..
37
avergae..
75
average..
110

1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

FABRICATED
STRUCTURAL
STEEL.

SHIPS.

100
53

32
28

100
100
139
138
120

62
100
67

112
107
108
71

100
78
31

100
125
52

74
65
61
50

87
51
55
53

52
28
17
15

135
52
25
20

60

34

36
29
59
62

16
20
22
41

21
33
44
56

70
73
81
111

118

31
47
24
22

57
75
67
66

29
32
42
50

78
58
65
85

80
86
139

93
86
93
132

26
14
18
13

96
109
112
80

47

105
148
116
111

95
145
113
76

103
109
97

25

69
33
41
38

156
174

35
32
50
53

65
68
132
118

80
91
150
179

90
97
159
207

87
106
120
149

157
140
130
131

61
47
76
68

154
71
133
158

201
238
197
218

243

237

178
182
143
132

213

138

32
42

15
11
2
10

124

23
26

100

184

100

6

1OO

74

230
230

104
105

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1 Locomotive shipments and unfilled orders reported direct by principal locomotive companies: Freight car orders by domestic railroads complied by the Iron Trade
Review; vessels under construction and vessels completed, U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Navigation: stoker sales from the Stoker Manufacturers' Association,
said to represent approximately 99 per cent of the industry; f abricated structural steel by the Bridge Builders and Structural Society up to April, 1921, and since then compiledby U. S. Departmentof Commerce, Bureau ofthe Census, including reports from the Structural Steel Society; steel barrels and drums by the Steel Barrel Manufacturers'
Association.
•
2 Gross ton represents in units of 100 cubic feet the entire cubical capacity ofthe vessel, including crew and engine space.




61

IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS.
Table 14.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.)

FABRICATED
STRUCTURAL
STEEL.

Under con- C o m struction.4 pleted.^

Sales.*

Orders.

Unfilled orders.

Shipments.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

SHIPS.

FRT.
CABS.

LOCOMOTIVES.

Do- ForDo- ForTotal. mestic. eign. Total. mestic. eign.

Domestic.

Number of locomotives.

STOKERS.

STEEL BARRELS AND
DRUMS.

Sales.

Number
of cars.

Long
tons.

Gross tons.2

1913 mo. a v . .
1914 mo. a v . .
1915 mo. a v . .
1916 mo. a v . .
1917 mo. a v . .

306
119
114

10,500

31,881

6,000

26,354
18,760

230

15,000

27,118
75,112

371

16,000

218,549

100,134

223

2,000

351,158

Per
cent of Number.
capacify.

107,083

1918mo. a v . .
1919 mo. a v . .
1920 mo. a v . .
1921 mo. a v . .

Number.

123,500

12,500

Total
horsepower.

Unfilled
orders.

124,583

336

Number.

Production.

89,808

9,500

Shipments.

1920.
September...
October
November...
December . . .
1921.
January
February
March
April
May
June
Julv
August
September...
October
November
December
1922.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September...
October
November...
December . . .

199

110

112

69

89 1,323
43
337

206

429
131

894

89,500

96,200

234

52,732

6,667

1,155,691

235,945

96,783

183

65,919

1,938

613,617

105,973

63,189

72

27,261

201

135

66

1,524

1,097

427

3,500

1,236,547

259,611

77,727

122

198

102

1,353

971

382

6,500

1,236,277

226,603

45,556

66

206

71

1,128

796

332

2,500

1,206,486

213,957

49,156

40

199

85

876

632

244

2,500

1,123,946

176,781

46,988

34

12.8
15.3
15.4
20.5

13,224

284

« 234,55 7

27,203

277

17.4

71,229

300

112,042

10,649

220

149

71

672

208,967

32,058

37

10,921

78,587

70

542

183
1SS

1,067,293

107

489 |
389

2,700

177

200

977,903

111,609

25,634

46

17,521

81,763

161

112

49

445

330

115

1,400

901,229

145,852

52,376

52

23,053

91,248

185

138

47

282

198

84

350

734 904

190 JVIS

55,864

96

29,651

124,251

75

57

18

288

167

191

250

645,224

109,393

50,823

68

40,889

89,610

80

43

37

245

137

108

1,500

581,631

164.335

66,903

76

30,597

89,548

57

32

25

236

116

120

900

519,564

84,918

60,219

98

34,073

98,754

95

44

51

237

147

90

150

513,863

78,415

59,302

116

44,586

155,521

106

51

55

209

102

107

550

439,735

89,709

85,995

110

36,401

117,112

75

53

22

308

117

191

6,500

365,686

50,265

97,789

54

17,596

165,899

29

14

15

318

139

179

7,000

319,426

61,599

99,800

60

21,626

130,199

89

30

59

265

143

122

550

296,944

46,108

71,500

58

20.224

124,006

74

11

63

207

147

60

11,000

260,599

52,764

72,100

81

34,157

89,216

44

40

4

239

173

66

14,500

222,559

38,359

78,700

75

35,663

101,830

39

35

4

330

255

75

12,000

197,011

6,203

139,300

116

69,716

168,476

21

13

8

617

515

102

31,500

211,918

34,308

155,880

125

62,027

200,214

243,490
247,320

16.6
25.2
19.7
13.3

240,616

15.6
16.9
27.7
36.1

204,204

255,423
226,677
193,814

248,315
281,794
350,445

244,271

42.2
40.1
40.0
41.2

309,044

206,448

37.0

322,632

70

54

16

621

497

124

18,250

220,727

21,419

140,400

143

81,391

225,372

114

67

47

586

495

91

13,100

209,060

16,959

125,100

109

37,239

266,944

128

122

6

811

712

99

13,700

19,356

116,280

177

70,230

220,992

151

130

21

1,035

926

109

1,620

218,999
249,394

11,511

116,820

160

83,310

119

113

6

1,463

1,347

116

10,350

111 420

16.1
15.0
16.2
22.9

416,477
427,739
334,881

1
1

!!

I

See footnotes on opposite page also.
3
The Bridge Builders and Structural Society state that reports in the earlier years were probably 10 or 15 per cent less complete than during the last six or seven years.
These figures are believed to represent the total business in the United States, based on a capacity of 180,000 tons per month. Thefigurescomplied by the Bureau of the
Census are from over 130 identicalfirmsreporting a combined capacity in excess of 200,000 tons per month, but in order to make the reports comparable with previous reports the sales are prorated down to a capacity of 180,000 tons.
4
Tonnage under construction on the first of the month refers to the gross tons of shipping, building or under contract to build for private owners. Includes only steel
vessels of over 100 gross tons. D oes not include Government ships or ships building or contracted for by U.S. Shipping B oard.
s Includes ocean-going, lake and river vessels built and officially numbered by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Navigation. Includes vessels of the U. S.
Shipping Board and private American owners, but not vessels built for foreign owners.
8
Relative to six months' average, July to December, 1921.




62

NONFERROUS METALS.
Table 15.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
COPPER.
ExProduc- ports—
YEAR AND MONTH.
Pigs,
tion.
ingots,
etc.

TIN.
PriceIngots,
electrolytic
(New
York;.

ImportsStocks. Bars,
blocks,
etc.

LEAD.

ZINC.

PricePig
(New
York).
!

ShipProducReceipts ments
tion
from
(total Stocks. at St.2
St.
priLouis.
mary).
Louis.2

PricePrime
western
(New
York).

ShipReceipts ments
at S t .
from
Louis.3
St.
Louis.3

Price—
Pt?,
desilverized
(New
York).

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly a v . . .
1914monthly a v . . .
1915monthly a v . . .
1916 monthly a v . . .
1917 monthly a v . . .

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

100

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

94

107

S5

92

87

78

102

49

99

95

90

275

106

88

113

76

110

113

97

84

141

35

110

107

247

2S9

109

104

%
132

193

43

160

114

241

268

89

155

193

132

276

168

159

372

131

207

;

1OO

157

175

171

147

113

187

137

135

156

S3

157

17

124

190

149

101

124

212

142

164

138

169

105

52

122

55

78

t»146

132

92

114

203

127

131

91

131

99

73

114

1S3

110

112

13S

99

114

193

139

201

83

184

39

191Smonthly a v . . .
1919monthly a v . . .
1920monthly a v . . .
1921 monthly a v . . .

78

154

73

80

127

47

67

62

195

49

73

90

192

56

105

1

1920.
September
October
November
December

35

202

100

99

127

106

143

152

102

186

173

71

91

122

126

140

101

134
129

196

107

192

73

166

55

93

161

100

82

115

158

114

146

116

195

54

143

59

1921.
Januarv
Februarv
March
April

119

33

87

155

62

76

9S

175

122

123

103

220

35

109

84

7S

82

13S

27

79

90

187

78

99

101

133

51

113

75

87

82

192

55

73

62

192

55

60

92

153

30

106

87

55

78

188

32

64

54

202

52

69

S9

141

57

92

50

59

79

132

26

6S

57

200

33

62

90

163

62

97

May

24

46

82

139

21

72

62

211

31

67

92

243

78

113

June
July
August

19

71

82

13S

43

65

67

221

20

32

S5

220

73

103

17

67

SO

136

37

62

54

227

24

40

82

181

51

100

21

59

75

95

54

59

51

213

27

64

80

256

56

100

21

S5

76

95

61

"60

50

200

64

89

81

203

52

105

24

74

81

111

46

61

50

174

62

86

88

182

65

107

22

103
S7

71
92

72

18

S3
86

93

65
73

73
76

165
164

69
72

88
122

89
90

168
256

44
49

107
107

September
October
November
December
1922.
Januarv
Februarv
March
\pril

25

75

86

72

95

71

82

162

70

102

87

356

75

S2

76

97

68

7S

158

39

110

83

212

97
78

107

37
61

115

81

167

165

65

92

148

73

86

86

369

84

107

75

100

80

14S

110

68

S8

127

57

46

90

282

70

11(3

84

104

89

69

95

99

98

86

94

372

124

126

12S

131

70

99

73

101

83

98

369

129

133

133

70

110

70

61

46

103

265

80

131

86

72

109

53

48

79

113

294

140

133

<77

72

115

46

43

59

118

351

125

140

Mav
Ju ne
July
August

90

89

93

93

89

90

87

196

99

S9

87

152

September

94

S3

S7

67

November
December

i




I

j

See footnotes on opposite page.

107

1

63

NONFERROUS METALS.
Table 16.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
COPPER.

YEAR AND MONTH.

1913 monthly av.
1914 monthly av.
1915 monthly av..
1916 monthly av..
1917 monthly av.

102,040
95,845
115,668
160,654
157,177

1918 monthly av.
1919 monthly av.
1920 monthly av..
1921 monthly av..

159,045
107,202
100,755
39,331

1920.
September
October
November
December

May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..
1922.
January
February
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..
1

LEAD",

ZINC.

PriceImExProducShipIngots,
ports— Price—
Receipts ments
tion
Produc- ports- electroPig
at St.2 from St.
Pigs,
(total
tion
Stocks. Bars,
Stocks.
lytic
(New
blocks,
Louis. Louis.2
prismelter). ingots, (New
York). mary).
etc.
etc.
York).

Thousands of pounds.

1921.
January
February....
March
April

TIN.

Dollars
per
pound.

70,461 $0,157
75,245
.134
53,567
.173
55,260
.275
79,818
.294
58,726
36,653
51,771
51,293

24,455
23,302
38,619
41,728

85,929

54,855

76,508

62,480

89,127

38,720

51,107

41,495

24,235

32,259

19,434

50,172

17,790

47,324

21,414

41,249

20,927

60,170

24,614

52,486

22,348

72,786

18,595

61,518

25,848

53,130

37,416

52,862

2,305

80,853

7,026

70,145

.247
.191
.180
.126

Long
tons.

1,847
1,700
2,079
3,153
2,535

Thou- Dollars
sands of
per
pounds. pound.
9,560 $0,449
8,351
.353
9,273
.376
14,085
.433
12,908
.594

Dollars
per
pound.

Thousands of pounds.

57,780
58,840
81,586
111,242
111,596

Price—
Ship- P^ice—
Prime Receipts ments
westat St.
from
ern
ver.zed
Louis.8
St.
(New
(New
Louis.s Yor'r).
York).

81,318
40,190
28,506
35,196
107,442

27,675
27,360
30,541
44,323
76,461

28,385 $0,058
26,834
.053
30,490
.144
32,482
.140
47,759
.093

82,482
74,970
80,886
158,788

34,369
31,430
31,644
13,549

60,060
57,666
54,881
20,739

Thousands of
pounds.

5,476
15,048
15,838
14,670
20,390

8,752 S0.044
9,299
.039
9,516
7,810
.091
11,425

.083
.074
.081
.052

8,995
7,195
11,024
10,490

12,070

.074

7,975

.058

7,298

.081

4,866

.046

.082

.050

.852
.655
.503
.299

86,320

2,351

11,876
7,475
10,503
4,517

.187
.168
.146
.137

3,731
3,191
2,966
2,856

9,597
6,741
9,551
5,894

.444

73,638

85,800

39,574

43,126

.079

10,725

.406

70,670

102,460

38,724

28,774

.075

10,535

.368

66,636

128,780

31,538

41,446

.068

10,704

.339

56,878

142,116

33,660

34,828

.060

12,026

8,908
6,390
4,739
3,063

.129
.129
.122
.125

2,546
3,546
3,476
2,441

2,584
5,270
3,028
2,484

.355

51,832

151,906

21,539

28,002

.059

.326

35,538

156,040

15,271

17,025

.054

.288

31,482

164,504

14,476

19,564

.052

.304

33,100

162,886

9,163

17,586

.052

7,311
8,392
7,733
8,916

4,445
2,630
4,948
5,402

.128
.128
.125
.117

2,571
2,546
2,521
1,761

2,022
4,133
3,566
5,201

.322

36,052

171,624

18,985

.054

13,308

.290

38,886

179,778

9,087

.049

12,044

.278

30,990

184,816

11,406

.048

9,894

.266

29,242

173,098

8,594
5,426
6,613
7,596

18,053

.047

14,011

6,819
6,416
4,428
4,922

.120
.127
.130
.136

1,756
2,041
1,316
1,696

5,796
4,352

.136
.129
.127
.126

1,331
1,406
3,086
2,731

9,103
9,295

1,921
2,371
3,616
2,806
1,236

92,048

62,891

95,223

65,604

90,978

63,596

101,838

62,612

.132
.136
.137
.138

95,665

58,167

.138

312
1,015
3,371

76,500
79,962
35,936

Dollars
per
pound.

28,734

162,270

17,585

25,402

.048

11,098

.276

29,034

141,648

17,110

24,302

.051

9,955

.289

42,270

134,098

19,198

24,862

.052

9,208

44,026

133,216

20,016

34,593

.053

14,006

.320

47,412

131,356

19,414

29,052

.051

19,500

.305

45,026

128,248

10,698

31,323

.049

11,604

15,783

.291

53,064

120,524

20,187

24,313

.050

20,232

10,526

.305

51,012

103,456

15,854

13,132

.052

15,434

.073
.063
.048

.047
.041
.043
.050
.045
.044
.044

4,553
5,681
3,833
4,318

.046

8,514
6,787
7,325
6,108

.047

.047
.047
.047

.047
.047
.051

8,490

.309

54,838

80,818

27,065

24,323

.055

20,344

10,856 I

.055

12,552

.315

57,094

59,152

28,082

23,650

.057

20,222

11,306 I

.058

12,683

.315

63,834

57,236

16,977

13,158

.060

14,486

11,002

.058

8,219

.325

62,846

43,258

13,355

22,364

.066

16,112

12,284

.059

<7,379

.323

66,268

37,612

11,791

16,882

.069

19,245

10,935

.062

I

Copper production, representing smelter production from domestic ores, for 1913 through 1920, from U. S. Geological Survey, 1921 and 1922figuresfrom A merican Bureau;
of Metal Statistics representing mine production; Stocks of tin from New York Metal Exchange; Production and stocks of total primary zinc from American Z inc Institute
Receipts and shipments of zinc and lead at St. Louis from Merchants Exchange of St. Louis; Exports and imports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and
Domestic Commerce; Wholesale prices from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, representing average of weekly prices.
* Converted from data in slabs of 80 pounds each.
«Converted from data in pigs of 50 pounds each.
< Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.




64
COAL.
Table 17.—INDEX NUMBEBS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
BITUMINOUS.

ANTHRACITE.

Prices.

Exports.)

Relative to

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Relative to
5-year
average.

1913.

1909-13 monthly average.
1913 monthly average... 100
1914 monthly average...
88
1915 monthly average...
93
1916 monthly average...
105
1917 monthly average...
1918 monthly average...
1919 monthly average...
1920 monthly average...
1921 monthly average...
1920.
September
October
November
December
1921.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August..
September..
October
November..
December..
1922.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July....
August.
September.
October
November..
December..

Mine
average.*

Prices.

Wholesale,
Kana- Retail,
wha
Chif.o.b.
cago.
Cincinnati.

Relative to 1913.

Pro- Stock, Exduc- end of
tion. month.* ports.

Relative to
1913.

Whole- Retail,
sale,
chest- chestnut,
nut,
New
New
York.
York.

RelaRelajtiveto tive to Relative to 1913.
5-year
1921. average.

1OO
137

COKE.
Production.

Exports.

Connellsvllle.

Public
utility
plants.

RelaRelaRelative to 1913. tive to tive to
5-year
average. 1913.

Relative to

Beehive

product.

100
1OO

Price.

ELECTRIC
POWER
PRODUCTION.

1919.

| 1OO

100

100

1OO

120

100

1OO

1OO

105

93

100

102

99

111

100

100

91

100

102

97

103

100

103

82

144

150

122

101

96

121

105

105

106

100

1OO

111

91

73

150

120

133

69

127

1OO

74

115

163

264

208

144

109

161

112

121

99

176

143

338

121

151

210

177

136

108

129

129

132

91

204

172

245

96

136

211

187

143

96

129

156

155

59

198

73

194

116

261

459

266

176

97

140

179

177

62

242

94

443

100
113

157

207

207

187

200

17

157

32

149

105

693

323

224

61

113

198

323

63

110

628

112

131

417

633

323

227

106

154

198

323

63

142

587

116

123

1OO

121

129

325

477

323

222

98

116

198

323

59

117

363

114

131

244

356

323

217

111

129

199

323

54

106

256

115

1C3

205

265

255

197

101

23

101

200

209

41

215

52

227

109

79

115

225

232

189

105

33

101

200

204

31

178

37

213

98

78

105

214

221

187

101

53

107

200

199

21

167

34

205

105

71

132

213

221

179

105

67

128

191

12

143

26

152

100

85

228

218

221

179

102

79

151

193

190

11

150

21

136

101

87

302

205

209

179

106

105

172

195

190

8

133

27

127

100

78

241

195

209

177

96

131

135

198

192

122

26

119

101

154

197

186

178

149

130

198

192

131

25

115

105

90

110

193

186

144

97

154

100

201

191

10

134

24

131

104

112

121

189

186

157

103

131

107

201

191

15

164

31

134

110

92

98

191

186

188

93

135

114

201

191

17

167

42

122

112

79

70

184

175

185

81

140

106

201

191

18

176

32

113

118

94

59

185

171

185

137

78

200

190

18

180

41

113

117

103

74

179

164

177

133

95

200

189

20

169

44

125

107

126

108

172

164

182

125

102

200

189

26

202

34

133

118

40

65

182

164

182

104

38

201

189

19

210

38

183

111

115

51

31

252

214

180

0)

56

49

273

232

184

1

47
19

21

189

15

240

30

246

118

14

189

16

244

40

277

118

43

380

245

185

2

6

189

16

235

38

441

119

56

481

302

192

2

10

220

19

169

36

525

125

410

336

225

65

31

212

22

212

48

456

125

103

107

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Except anthracite stocks from the Anthracite Bureau of Information and weighted average mine prices of bituminous coal throughout the United States from the
Coal Age. Data on production of coal and coke and of electric power at public utility plants from U. S. Department of the Interior, Geological Survey; exports from IT. S.
Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; wholesale and retail prices are monthly averages from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor
Statistics.




65
COAL.
Table 18.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
BITUMINOUS.

COKE.

ANTHRACITE.
Prices.

Prices.
Wholesale,
Kana- Retail,
wha
Chif.o.b.
cago.
Cincinnati.

Production.

Ex- Whole- Retail,
sale,
Stocks.* ports.
chest- chestnut,
nut,
New
New
York.
York.

Production.

Exports.2

Thous.
of short
tons.

Thous.
of long
tons.

1909-13 monthly av.
1913 monthly av
39,869
1914monthly a v . . .
35,225
1915 monthly a v . . .
36,885
1916 monthly a v . . .
41,877

1,098
1,499
1,150
1,397
1,581

81.23
1.14
1.12
1.85

$2.20
2.20
2.20
2.68

$4.81
4.93
4.89
4.87

7,627
7,569
7,416
7,298

288
346
319
295
347

$5.31
5.32
5.33
5.57

45,983
48,282
38,172
46,380
34,660

1,789
1,663
1,497
2,866
1,722

3.25
2.58
2.59
5.64
2.55

4.58
3.88
4.11
5.85
4.56

6.95
6.55
6.86
8.48
8.99

8,301
8,236
7,341
7,425
7,539

462
370
370
402
348

5.94
6.86
8.27
9.50
10.53

8.46
9.19
. 10.81
12.33
13.92

2,764
2,540
1,587
1,748
463

1920.
September...
October
November...
December

49,172
52,144
51,457
52,123

4,011
4,580
3,567
2,683

8.52
7.78
5.87
4.38

7.10
7.10
7.10
7.10

10.78
10.94
10.66
10.44

4,638
8,056
7,441
8,454

325
444
333
372

10.54
10.54
10.54
10.55

22.50
22.50
22.50
22.50

1,771
1,755
1,642
1,518

1921.
January
,
February
March
April

41,148
31,524
31,055
28,154

2,248
1,257
1,152
1,453

3.26
2.77
2.63
2.62

5.60
5.10
4.85
4.85

9.48
9.11
8.99
8.60

7,681
7,983
7,677
7,985

616
879
1,422
1,789

291
308
369

10.64
10.64
10.64
10.14

14.54
14.23
13.90
13.17

1,137
865
575
329

May
June
July
August..

34,057
34,635
31,047
35,291

2,500
3,315
2,650
1,695

2.68
2.52
2.40
2.42

4.85
4.60
4.60
4.10

8.59
8.63
8.50
8.57

7,752
8,071
7,309
7,459

2,119
2,817
3,495
3,971

434
496
388
373

10.24
10.36
10.50
10.54

13.24
13.24
13.36
13.36

September.
October
November..
December..

35,893
44,686
36,805
31,627

1,212
1,329
1,079
770

2.37
2.33
2.35
2.26

4.10
4.10
4.10
3.85

" 6.92
7.56
9.06
8.92

7,385
7,858
7,110
6,203

4,123
3,500
3,601
3,747

287
308
329
306

10.66
10.66
10.66
10.65

1922.
January
February
March
April

37,600
40,951
50,193
15,780

644
814
1,187
715

2.27
2.20
2.12
2.24

3.75
3.60
3.60
3.60

8.91
8.50
8.77
8.77

6,258
6,762
8,757
26

3,674
3,567
3,344

224
275
295
109

May
June
July
August..

20,501
22,309
17,003
22,328

340
541
366
426

3.10
3.36
4.67
5.92

4.70
5.10
5.39
6.64

8.68
8.85
8.92
9.22

35
84
116
161

September.
October
November..
December..

40,964

1,175

5.04

7.39

10.83

4,979

YEAR AND MONTH.

1917
1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

av...
av...
av...
av...
av...

Mine
average.5

Dollars per short ton.

Thous.
of short
tons.

Dols. per Dols. per
long
short
ton.
ton.

Thous. of
long tons.

2,673

2,775

1,247
500

61
40
17
29

Price.

Production.

Beehive.

product.

Thous. of
short tons.

Exports.

ELECTRIC
POWER
PRODUCTION.

Connellsville.

Public
utility
plants.

Thous. Dols. per
of long short
ton.
tons.

Thous. of
kw. hours.

73
73
49
67
87

$2.44
1.81
1.79
3.25

104
126
53
68
23

8.25
6.00
4.74
10.82
3.65

3,243,403
3,663,618
3,411,532

80
103
85
77

15.31
14.31
8.85
6.24

3,631,746
3,751,320
3,705,507
3,720,537

2,278
,888
,772
,519

5.53
5.19
5.00
3.72

3,541,493
3,166,041
3,394,987
3,239,471

390
232
181
248

,590
,408
1,297
1,383

3.33
3.09
2.91
2.80

3,263,766
3,244,093
3,269,709
3,410,701

13.34
13.30
13.30
13.30

416
477
514

1,423
1,734
1,766
1,860

3.19
3.28
2.97
2.75

3,374,703
3,574,339
3,639,393
3,819,692

10.64
10.63
10.64
10.66

13.21
13.14
13.14
13.14

549
732
528

1,903
1,795
2,137
2,227

2.75
3.04
3.25
4.48

3,805,218
3,466,699
3,820,812
3,596,520

(*)

13.14
13.14
13.14
15.33

432
458
450
539

2,537
2,580
2,486
1,794

6.00
6.75
10.75
12.80

3,823,691
3,835,430
3,861,294
4,063,068

14.79

606

2,244

11.13

4,055,884

$6.97
7.00
7.17
7.34

2,799
1,945
2,292
2,955

1,059
935
1,172
1,589
1,870 J
2,166 |
2,095
2,565
1,660

See footnote on opposite page also.
6
* Does not include bunker coal on vessels engaged in the foreign trade.
Average mine price of coal in 14 representative fields weighted b y the production
» Excluding Hudson Coal Company.
in 8each field.
No quotation.
* Index number less than one.
15566°—22-




66
PETROLEUM.
Table 19.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
GASOLINE.

CRUDE PETROLEUM.

l

Stocks.
ProducYEAR AND MONTH
tion.6

Held end
of month.

Relative to 1913.

Number
of days'
supply.

Imports.

Consumption.

Total
Price,
shipments Kansasfrom
OklaMexico.3
homa.

Relative
to 1919.

1OO
82

1OO
86
62
135
190

1OO
87
48
98
87

235
244
364
182

93
110
127

375
375
375
375

137
131
134
122

364
207
187
187

793

161
127

190

269

195

259

616
784
876
929

191
207
211
219

817
776

117
128
126

883
814
944

206
182
216

851

149

786

188

223
221

137

99
105
127
152

109
1OO
79
96

212
297
610
704

158
160
201
201

181
191
186
188

128
130
133
136

72
75
74
79

808
766
952
884

216
221
207
206

183
171
198
193

120
126
133
139

67
81
83
89

889
767
829
681

227
180
207
195

856

203
195

148
155

100
98

616
691

190
196

650

julv
August

194

161

109

542

198

162

107

226

September.
October
N ovember
December

176
172
183
203

165
166
170
177

108
103
101
103

1922.
January •
February
March
April..

208
197
225

187
199
211

216

224

143
152
178
189

1920.
September
October
November
December
1921.
January
February..
March.
April

1918 mo
1919 mo.
1920 mo
1921 mo.

av
av
av
av

May

June

May
June
Julv
August

. .

SpntPTnbpr

Domestic Stocks, i
Exports. consumpend of !
tion.
month.*
5

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

1OO
100
104
122
144

100
118
139
138
122

av
av... .
av
av
av

Production.

i

1OO
97
102
115
169

100
107
113
121
135

1913 mo
1914 mo.
1915 mo.
1916 mo
1917 mo

i

Oil
wells
completed.

224
220

234
244

136
137

945
821

127
154

!

|
1

72

113

76

73

90
1OO
123
130

153
1OO
173
142

91
100
124
131

82
100
98
134

138
141
137
141

128
213
130
212

157
134
128
103

61
64
75
98

115
99
91
77

140
118
127
129

176
171
148 '
185

103
79
121
116

121
144
151
158

88
92

136
130

130
124

124
155

169
159

107

73

127

89

160

145

107

60

131

156

176

120

107
166
228
241

49
47
56
70

126
134
131
133

114
154
150
117

153
159
122
109

109
97
105
124

800

241
241
241

72
72
83

135
121
143

163
124
172

99
88
133

149
173
181

864

241

91

143

189

135

189

861
786

241
241

95
104

156
159

182
176

174
177

181
175

213
246
337
594
699

802
790
748
816

765
749
744

814
898

781

j

225

249

139

672

230

791

206

113

173

191

198

164

225

259

145

565

230

642

134

107

167

117

204

149

219

260

142

M36

227

526

134

99

146

October
November
December
See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Except shipments of crude petroleum from Mexico. Crude petroleum production, stocks, imports, and consumption, and completion of oil wells, from U. S.
Department of the Interior, Geological Survey; wholesale price of crude petroleum, average for the month, from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; data
on gasoline from U. S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines.
8
Figures for earlier years adjusted to represent approximate net stocks to conform with data for current months.




67

PETROLEUM.
Table 20.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
GASOLINE.

CRUDE PETROLEUM.

Total
Price,
ConshipOil wells
ments KansascomNumber Imports. ! sumpOklation.
from 3 homa.
pleted.
Held at
of days'
Mexico.
end of
supply
month. based
on daily
rate of
Number
Per
Thousands of barrels.
of wells.
Thousands of barrels. consumpbarrel.
tion.
Stocks.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Produc-

1913 monthly average..

20,704

104,962

1914 m o n t h l y average..

22,147

123, 709

21,808 ;
21,774
22,772 i
26,549
31,478 -

2,159
1,766
2,743
3,318
4,608

$0,934
.798
.583
1.258
1.775

Stocks,
end of
month. 4

Thousands of gallons.

1,592
1,389 |
763 I

1915 m o n t h l y average..

23,425

145,914

1916 m o n t h l y average..

25,064

144,556

1917 monthly average..

27,943

128,201

159

1,484
1,437
1,512
1,714
2,514

1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

29,661
31,531
36,911
39,137

103,886
110,026
133,115
159,237

126
116
92
111

3,H4
4,401
9,054
10,442

34,423 |
34,873
43,732
43,784

5,319
7,280
12,814
15,093

2.197
2.279
3.404
1.704

1,487
1,747
2,024
1,218

1920.
September
October
November
December

37,521
39,584
38,609
38,961

134,360
136,285
139,234
142,442

83
87
86
92

11,996
11,362
14,136
13,118

47,186
48,174
45,045
44,967

17,311
17,051
16,151
17,609

3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500

1921.
January..
February..
March
April

37,959
35,366
40,905
40,040

125,589
132,222
139,499
146,399

78
94
96
103

13,193
11,384
12,303
10,104

49,421
39,323
45,181
42,496

18,481
16,506
16,173
16,066

May....
June
July....
August.

41,985
40,354
40,252
40,894

155,267
162,463
168,821
169,682

116
114
126
124

9,148
10,255
8,047
3,352

41,391
42;827
41,403
42,500

36,508
35,539
37,880
41,957

172,874
174,149
178,260
185,623

125
120
117
120

9,139
11,636
12,994
13,753

1922.
January..
February..
March
April

43,141
40,814
46,634
44,635

196,228
208,851
221,588
234,866

136
148
146
173

May....
June
July....
August.

46,473
45,559
46,593
46,521

246,059
255,817
261,395
271,901

158
159
161
168

September..
October
November..
December..

45,246

273,264

165

September....
October....
November..
December..

Domestic
consumption.

Production.

1,565 |
1,383 |

237,546

34,676

218,420

343,946

297,526

46,926

260,265

386,202

329,821

30,667

286,320

406,879
429,462

52,979
43,690

354,848
376,382

472,411
464,485
630,757

2,185
2,086
2,136
1,945

453,881
465,788 j
452,642 !
464,393 !

39,202
65,335
39,957
65,025

450,889 j
384,802
366,831 |
295,262 !

3.400
1.938
1.750
1.750

1,825
1,574
1,452
1,224

460,432
388,188
419,795
426,215

54,065
52,497
45,392
56,624

294,751 ;
225,195 !
346,165 j

14,026
17,122
5,806
5,582

1.500
1.188
1.000
1.000

1,405
1,471
1,162
952

448,568
430,344
419,642
431,577

39,859
38,128
27,383
47,831

354,263
445,025
457.758
503,513

571,984
680,540
713,043
| 747,223
I
| 800,496
j 7.50,644
| 684,237
; 567,646

41,574
45,152
48,894
47,819

17,634
16,746
17,571
19,397

1.000
1.550
2.125
2.250

788
752
899
1,108

416,913
440,956
431,887
439,031

35,055
47,116
45,867
35,990

438,084
454,992
350,548
313,001

I 515,326
| 456,270
\ 495,590
; 586,0S7

13,097
12,077
14,004
11,659

44,906
39,609
47,095
40,997

18,364
16,852
17,274
18,663

2.250
2.250
2.250
2.250

1,151
1,143
1,323
1,442

444,623
398,223
472,278
472,920

49,856
38,170
52,814
58,007

282,717
251.759
380,407
385,564

705,711
818,546
854,232
892,268

14,018
12,182
9,971
8,385

48,571
48,192
50,093
50,141

18,587
16,977
17,068
13,868

2.250
2.250
1.925
1.250

1,511
1,654
1,798
1,709

513,659
525,941
569,711
549,958

55,824
53,835
58,631
36,010

499,242
508,964
566,112
583,688

856,607
824,966
772,909
703,738

49,610

11,367

1.250

1,572

7

6,465

333,291

288,195
301,284
354,836
462,382

44,846

See footnotes on opposite page also.
9
Mexican petroleum shipments from the three ports, Tampico, Port Lobos, and Tuxpam, form the best current measure of Mexican oil production. These figures
are compiled from those published in the Oil Trade Journal. Current month is approximate from the Wall Street Journal.
4
Stocks held by refiners.
5
"Exports of gasoline," as used by the Bureau of Mines, includes the items "gasoline" and "all other naphtha, etc.," as reported by the U. S. Department of Commerce,
less exports to the Philippine Islands.
• Represents production transported from field of production, does not include oil consumed at locality of production.
7
Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.




68

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS.
Table 21.—(A, INDEX NUMBEES AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
KEROSENE
OIL.

GAS AND FUEL LUBRICATING \
OIL.
OIL.
i

ProducProducProdi
LucStocks.
Stocks.
Stocks.
tion.
tion.
tion.

YEAR AND MONTH.

KEROSENE
OIL.
Production.

GAS AND FUEL
OIL.

Stocks
ktocKs.

Production

Stocks.

LUBRICATING
OIL.
Production.

Relative to 1919.

Thousands of gallons.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

Stocks.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100
146
127

71
100
89
151

85
99
100
124
104

a 76
89
100
85
143

133,501
152,113
195,136
193,341
162,094

2 521,273
404,847
300,582
379,472
402,522

524,036
610,116
635,607
738,454
805/318

2 621,860
548,221
770,362
687,858
1,164,926

60,137
70,122
70,563
87,226
73,155

2122,526
144,234
161,491
137,212
231,172

126
128
133
131

132
130
129
135

100
104
105
109

122
132
129
129

81
84

199,140
213,742
214,804
210,668

379,301
383,828
398,992
393,071

836,700
823,115
822,638
859,131

771,127
799,024
808,803
837,404

86,230
93,230
91,180
90,895

130,450
136,195
142,181
160,522

105
84
87

139
143
149
153

132
115
119
128

120
129
130
137

122
103
103
108

114
125
138
155

205,375
163,082
169,248
156,157

418,748
430,045
446,367
458,667

836,684
732,542
758,335
813,444

921,028
993,127
1,005,318
1,056,485

85,909
72,432
73,003
76,457

183,813
201,628
223,414
249,593

May....
June
July....
August.

74
73
71
74

151
145
137
130

129
130
127
123

151
162
165
161

94

162
162
160
150

145,225
141,637
138,724
143,652

452,438
435,057
412,202
389,893

817,368
826,355
807,428
784,450

1,163,389
,248,664
,269,419
,243,446

70,000
63,089
65,893
66,473

261,760
260,883
258,638
242,530

September..
October
November..
December..

79
94
90
87

124
111
113
113

124
131
126
136

160
161
166
173

98
108
109
117

143
134
141
134

154,017
182,454
175,240
170,315

371,235
334,580
340,026
341,009

788,408
833,775
799,257
865,769

,229,254

69,053
75,971
77,005
82,573

230,227
216,770
228,038
216,766

92
97

109
111
107
108

135
120
134
125

171
171
162
167

105
98
104
103

152
161
147
147

172,917
167,220
178,785
188,809

327,484
332,330
321,428
325,836

858,111 | 1,319,481
314,740
761,085 1,
849,106 1,
250,278
282,801
791,643 1,

74,314
69,123
73,391
72,945

245,231
259,892
236,886
237,230

99
94

106
106
108
95

147
142
151
149

172
172
176
177

113
114
130
126

140
141
140
137

173,824
173,650
192,924
184,383

318,890
317,574
324,586
285,520

936,742
903,057
959,029
944,289

79,848
80,138
91,715
88,824

226,293
226,904
226,691
220,668

1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average. 1921 monthly average..

68
78
100
99
83

102
110
110
108

1920.
September..
October....
November..
December..

2 173
135
100
126
134

1921.
January..
February.
March
April

1922.
January...
February..
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.

,279,451
,331,265

1,321,438
1,
326,940
1,
358,870
1,
366,612

September.
October
November..
December..




1
8

Data from U. S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines; stocks are refiners' holdings at end of month.
Six months' average, July-December, inclusive.

69
AUTOMOBILES AND RUBBER.
Table 22.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
INDIA
RUBBER.

AUTOMOBILES.
Shipments. 2

AUTOMOBILES.
Shipments. 2

Production. 3

By
rail- Driven By
road. away. boat.

road.

Relative to 1920.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Wholesale
price,
ImPara
Pasports. Island,
senger Trucks.
New
York.
Relative to 1919. i Relative to 1913

Carloads.

Driven
away.

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

av.
av.
av.
av.

Production.'

By
boat.

SO.8O7
.616
.557

80

16,048
22,598
22,462

9,656,720
11,922,097
18,456,827
22,507,517
33,803,190

281
462
489
358

68
60
41
23

13,456
23,726
20,922
16,263

77,199
138,138
156,930
127,916

18,938
26,364
26,837
12,090

27,163,276
44,661,702
47,212,178
34,608,109

.549
.483
.333
.182

212
341
250

31
27
24
22

27,883,748
20,516,090
32,955,016
24,161,761

.253
.217
.192
.180

34

279
227
295
270

21
21
22
22

26,911,753
21,933,165
28,508,995
26,087,408

.173
.168
.180
.178

120
121

41
50

247
359
286
343

22

40
39

51
84
79
77

.179
.164
.164
.165

63
47
30
3

105
98
77
51

52
49
38

100
76

77
108
107
64
113
100
78

56
100
114
93

72
100
102
46

31
48
78
96

Per
pound.

1,958
2,115
6,167
7,500
10,680

100
123
191
233
350

1921.
January
February
March
April

Pounds.

Trucks.

38,458
45,307
68,218
124,468
145,066

7
8
23
28
41

82
63
56

Imports.

Wholesale
price,
Para
Island,
New
York.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

28
33
49
90
105

1920.
September
October
November
December

Passenger
cars.

Number of machines.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly a v .
1914 monthly a v .
1915 monthly a v .
1916 monthly a v .
1917 monthly a v .

INDIA RUBBER.

1OO
31

24
16

1OO

116
54
14
2

2

19
25

2
2

4,698
1,854

20,804
17,209
13,253
11,802

24,431
14,127
9,497

5,469
2,519

6,485

3,185
7,507

16,287
20,187

14,197

99
75
1,619

20

18,608
20,269
19,514
20,758

15,193
18,834
15,533
15,218

2,381
3,947
3,726
5,595

165,574
167,705

10,766
13,080

23,890,838
34,624,748
27,647,874
33,103,804

358
493
536
607

22
26
27
26

19,002
17,717
14,240
12,100

13,840
12,926
10,505
7,500

2,959
2,214
1,402
134

144,669
134,734
106,042
70,690

13,648
12,813
10,010
8,307

34,546,411
47,642,303
51,731,184
58,644,821

.174
.210
.215
.211

559
691
665

24
20
20
21

15,357
19,636
27,753
31,334

7,479
10,173
16,917
22,381

143
180
560
2,960

81,693
109,171
152,959
197,216

9,416
13,195
19,761
22,342

54,010,946
66,744,240
64,215,222
43,407,359

.193
.163
.161
.171

34,324
34,230
29,116
32,814

28,760
33,857
28,100
36,754

7,366
7,737
7,030
10,096

232,431
263,027
224,057
249,225

23,788
25,984
21,357
24,200

35,727,058
50,952,024
56,854,758
54,332,275

.176
.169
.172
.176

26,288

30,322

8,754

186,562

18,843

444,344,862

.171

May....
June
July....
August.

97
93

September..
October
November..
December..

91
85
68
58

35
33
27
19

1922.
January
February
March
April

73
94
133
150

19
26
43
57

12
63

59
79
111
143

May....
June....
July....
August.

164
158
139
157

73
78
72
94

157
168
150
215

168
190
162
180

90

92

563

21
21
22

September.
October
November..
December..

126

77

186

135

71

<459

21

50
75
85

39,239
12,031

370
528

20
20

i India-rubber imports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; wholesale prices, average weekly, from U. S. Department
of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; automobile shipments from National Automobile Chamber of Commerce; automobile production from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
* Represents shipments from factories covering almost the entire automobile production of the United States.
* Total of membership of the National Automobile Chamber of Commerce, to which are added reports from outside manufacturers, representing practically complete
production. Annual figures represent complete production as compiled b y National Automobile Chamber of Commerce.
* Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.




70

AUTOMOBILE TIRES.
Table 23.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

PNEUMATIC TIRES.

YEAR AND MONTH,

Production.

Stocks.

Shipments,
domestic.

Production.

Stocks.

RAW MATERIAL
CONSUMED.

SOLID TIRES.

INNER TUBES.

ShipShipments,
ments, Produc- Stocks. domestion.
domestic.
tic.

Fabrics.

Crude
rubber.

100

Relative to 1921.
1921 monthly average...

1OO

100

100

100

40

60

129

78

27

37

65

46

131

93

25

24

122

45

60

132

66

39

37

119

49

66

132

67

44

44

60

110

72

81

123

100

67

67

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

140

42

33

134

131

70

23

127

39

126

51

33

45

123

56

41

64

109

85

1OO

36
28

1920.
November
December

100

1921.
January .
February...

. . .

March
April

91

107

94

78

108

87

S2

117

96

97

96

May

116

106

109

98

104

102

99

115

91

117

117

June

127

99

139

104

84

141

80

104

113

120

118

Jtilv

141

92

145

134

68

157

95

95

127

143

132

August

167

93

152

196

80

166

158

94

152

166

171

September
October
November
December

106

79

107

145

84

115

106

106

84

88

126

104

88

131

97

93

70

94

114

67

123

101

88

104

92

104

110

114

70
71
75
73

1922.
January
February .
March
April-•

114

113

109

104

103

109

79

95

98

90

95

101

113

82

114

79

76

115

118

134

74

112

79

84

100

103

123

109

134

153

91

140

110

141

149

130

110

117

158

102

132

79
75

119

129

135

131

138

132

157

128

163

74

138

152

162

156

120

164

139

135

173

187

74

144

151

221

136




115

115

150

September
October
November
December

104

82

132

...

84

111

146

July

99

115

May
June
August

l

115
110

141

136

124

159

169

114

158
184

202

160

238

76
82

137
158

144
164

157
188

13S

109

131

155

113

155

234

87

152

136

157

See footnote on opposite page.

71
AUTOMOBILE TIRES.
Table 24.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

PNEUMATIC TIRES.

Produc- |
Stocks.
tion.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Shipments,
domestic.

INNER TUBES.
Production.

Stocks.

RAW MATERIAL
CONSUMED.

SOLID TIRES.

! ShipProduc{ ments,
Stocks. i domestion.
domestic.
tic.
Shipments,

Number.

1921 monthly average... 1,818,314 4,213,384 1,905,616

Crude
rubber.

Pounds.

2,258,517 4,568,067 I 2,292,287

35,354 230,862

43,960

6,696,317

17,922,039 i

I

1920.
506,111

5,880,016
5,508,380

806,023
1,327,153

1921.
January
February
March
April

|
I
|
|

703,430
819,892
1,163,314
1,651,418

5,319,605
5,193,018
4,597,103
4,527,445

965,417
1,073,756
1,614,651
1,785,951

May
June
July
August

|

2,100,917
2,313,265
2,570,524
3,043,187

4,451,668
4,154,456
3,892,037
3,934,583

September
October
November
December

j
j
j

1,929,268
1,928,271
1,756,555
1,839,738

1922.
January
February
March
April

;
|
j

May
June
July
August

!

September.
October
November.
December..

6,131,935
5,786,929

920,938
1,481,285

740,824
916,627
1,346,483
1,762,122

5,586,163
5,415,464
5,044,861
4,916,772

1,042,617
1,129,881
1,643,690
1,983,571

2,085,882
2,643,850
2,757,581
2,894,422

2,210,040
2,359,928
3,020,981
4,430,152

4,751,880
3,835,098
3,122,815
3,649,319

2,342,567
3,232,673
3,603,248
3,804,060

3,340,798
3,545,030
3,908,342
3,696,519

2,047,929
1,675,169
1,342,519
1,980,264 |

3,274,822
2,843,918
2,126,211
2,070,098

3,827,830
4,732,016
5,203, .568
4,731,021

2,645,758
2,016,371
1,540,299
2,522,710

2,055,134
2,084,308
2,645,790
2,401,187

4,174,216
4,691,329
5,183,286 j
5,464,336

1,596,806 .
1,562,365 !
2,073,963
2,086,651

2,343,393
2,596,774
3,017,511
2,650,573

2,721,503
2,838,890
2,476,636
2,905,209

5,523,095 j
5,042,147 [
4,834,106
4,629,392

2,639,273
3,133,260
2,695,095
3,029,823

2,970,696
3,130,629
3,068,199
3,808,224

2,504,744

4,612,037 I

2,502,106

3,501,442 I

649,742

November
December

742,815
508,446 :

21,355
16,297

298,875 |
303,473 j

34,217
40,828

1,801,750
1,649,772

6,563,258
4,259,746

21,220
23,355
28,710
28,859

303,753 I
304,374 |
283,800 |
269,985

29,116 | 2,598,143
29,599
2,952,058
43,926 | 4,474,965
42,080 ! 6,524,668
j

6,625,435
7,823,657
12,075,298
17,191,149

,
j
!
|
i|
<

35,156
28,395
35,123
55,694

264,633
240,336
220,003 ;
216,367

40,122 j 7,863,738
49,807; 8,044,486
55,678 I 9,565,128
66,866 ! 11,131,256

21,050,554
21,207,555
23,719,637
30,634,353

\\
;
|
Ii
I
!

37,441
46,274
43,537
40,478

161,832 I
163,299 !
173,451 |
168,515 !

50,276
45,911
34,556
39,520

7,580,858
6,905,681
6,349,808
6,365,014 !

19,476,415
19,602,342
17,608,993
18,049,077

5,246,647
1,889,724
6,141,956
1,702,583
6,991,118 | 2,090,737
7,230,096 | 2,329,343

40,224
39,492
49,433
46,664

181,769 |
183,448 |
182,197
173,748

33,294
36,805
48,350
52,309

7,706,622;
6,710,973 !
9,431,205 !
8,623,915

21,180,446
18,466,916
26,771,245
24,125,450

7,189,552
6,186,534
5,675,839
5,207,228

2,938,947
3,973,679
3,630,744
4,220,055

57,640
66,089
71,505
84,313

170,904
169,808
176,375
189,698

60,711
63,408
60,425
69,435

5,164,757 j

3,558,971

82,767

200,016

667,97

j

|

•
I

10,161,225 ' 29,068,462
10,119,500 39,654,934
9,616,542 ! 28,180,511
11,005,868 33,738,981
9,131,868

28,051,063

1
Data furnished by the Rubber Association of America. The number of firms has increased from 36 in November, 1920, to a maximum of 66 in 1922. It is stated by
the Rubber Association that this variation in the number of firms does not change the totals to any great degree, except for the omission of the Firestone Tire Company,
beginning in September, 1921.




72

HIDES AND LEATHER—PRODUCTION AND STOCKS.
Table 25.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

STOCKS OF HIDES AND
SKINS.J

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Sheep
and
lamb
skins. skins.*
Calf

Cattle
hides.

and
kip

Total |

SOLE AND BELTING
LEATHER.*

TWATWITOI
UPPER LEATHEB.1

TTpPFR

Produc- Stocks,
tion of end of
month.

s t o c k s

hides !?JS*f'

Production of
f fiihd
finished
| father.

OAK
AND
UNION
HAR- 3
NESS.

SOLE
T ^AT ™ '
V
LE ATH-•
ER.

BOOTS
AND
'SHOES'
!
'

SALES OF
BELTING.*

iProduc- Q u a n - v . I
I tion. ; tity. ! v a l u e -

Productions

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1921.
1915 mo. av.
1916 mo. av.

106

06

119

86

1917 mo. av..

1

104

88

108

99

< 107

1918 m o . av..

<214

'

1919 m o . a v . .

100

100

100

100

100

1920 m o . a v . .

82

88

102

98

122

79

111

59

42

40

123

1921 m o . a v . .

100

100

148
97

103
116

85

137

78

109

104

100

80

105

91

105

111

96

105

85

100

113

103

105

111

91

99

115

137

100

117

116

120

95

115

95

100

114

95

98

110

100

109

100

99

107

101

109

103

101

107

105

100

105

103

104

105

102

98

94

97

104

95

102

95

91

106

95

100

September..]

89

92

90

October

87

91

1920.
September..
October
November..
December...
1931.
January
February...
March
April
May
June
July
August

j

100

100

100

92

61

73

92

100

97

85

81

78

97

101

74

95

101

87

76

70

87

77

49

61

93

101

83

75

72

66

70

44

50

87

101

83

63

63

95

44

44

49

101

85

58

63

93

60

40

44

99

115

93

84

72

112

74

43

46

94

99

96

87

76

90

73

41

40

99

99

92

83

96

60

43

42

102

98

101

108

81

98

60

42

39

99

98

99

107

109

76

98

105

97

106

121

100

101

100

108

116

101

104

108

108

121

100

100

104

115

107

114

107

127

100

100

November..!

84

101

December...

84

96

1922.
January
February..
March
April

82

93

103

82

78

99

82

106

81

79

91

81

103

80

90

80

103

90

102

90

May
June
July
August
September.
October
November.
December..

85

100

94

90

79

100

100

82

47

46

40

143

51

48

42

80

138

52

44

86

132

59

42

91

117

63

37

134

66

35

111

98

95

107

100

109

129

126

63

91

42

93

94

102

111

121

78

113

68

90

37
32
30

42

101

106

107

134

78

129

82

108

87

113

104

115

71

107

99

99

85

79

107

100

116

70

107

95

98

55

47

77

92

83

79

92

103

97

113

72

112

101

93

60

53

77

92

73

79

92

102

99

108

74

»108

«97

84

77

93

96

101

131

80

131

109

102

83

71

100

126

•79

8 137

"110

105

67

58

77

79

79
80

92

81

90

57

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Based on figures compiled by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. The data embrace returns from packers, tanners, dealers, importers, and manufacturers. As given in the monthly reports by the Bureau of the Census, the returns for hides and skins are expressed in numbers of hides and skins. For the above
summary these have been reduced to pounds on the basis of the average weights of each class. Similarly data on leather have been converted to pounds or square feet
from reports in skins, sides, backs, butts, pounds, etc.
harness
comparable wiui niuse lur pieueuiiig iiiuutua. J. ue IUUCA uuuiuexS 111 xauie to xui tue jxiuutus unei « uiy, l y ^ , uavc uccu wiiipuwju uy uumii icmuvco ouu ta&e au^uud
i
of the percentage variation rather than the absolute variation in the figures. The index numbers show the trend of the industries irrespective of the change in the number
of firms reporting.




73
HIDES AND LEATHER—PRODUCTION AND STOCKS.
Table 26.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

STOCKS OF HIDES AND
SKINS.*

YEAR AND
MONTH.

SOLE AND BELTING
LEATHERS

I ProProStocks, ducStocks duchi proc- tion of Stocks, in proc- tion of
ess of
end of ess of
finfintantanished
ished month. ning.
ning. leather.
leather.

Calf Sheep i i Total Stocks
hides
Cattle
and
and
end of
and
hides.
kip ft lamb
XV1JS
ClfXXJL KM
month.
i skins, skins.6 skins. |

Thous.
Thous.
of pairs. ; Pounds. ofdols.
754,274
846,664
739,628
767,423

m o . av
m o . av
1

m o . av.
i

i
1919 mo. av. \
1920 m o . av.
1921 mo. av. 339,548

j

I

!

I

m o . av

i

1, 653.073

SALES OF
BELTINGS

Produc- Quantion. ! tity. Value.

Production.2

Backs, I
Stuffed
Thousands of square feet. bends, andj Dozens, sides.
sides.

Thousands of pounds.

1915
1916
1917
1918

UPPER LEATHERS

OAK
AND BOOTS
SOLE
LEATH- SKIV- UNION AND
ERS.
HAR- SHOES.'
ER.
NESS.*

<16,039 <203,596
15,032
13,274
16,653

95,244
95,974
56,481

1,171
1,199
1,354

710,214 1,865
694,899 1,662
299,165
646

423,021 ! 164,216

57,986

1,876,285
1,535.290
1, 486,718

23,995
25,080
21,999
23,901

365,052
385,114
426,726
426,733

150,579
139,255
142,943
135,767

35,132
47,022
43,788
43,436

1,375,763
1,459,073
1,315,631
1,353,581

13,788
14,626
13,034
9,896

95,204
96,243
73,265
66,482

688,194 1,682
527,219 1,302
349,081
835
310,759
681

186,531
184,707

106,705
110,787
111,082
191,898 112,321

22,444
21,205
25,502
24,000

425,942
427,508
485,069
419,308

135,515
140,005
152,586
158,224

36,302
33,570
48,955
50,420

1,190,950
1,177,888
1,351,140
1,422,727

14,234
13,987
16,867
13,484

42,236
56,971
70,194
69,922

309,474
285,575
306,146
288,584

462,512
451,663
409,507
410,353

204,137 111,662
197,206 109,378
197,616 110,070
193,670 108,439

25,242
26,122
25,028
26,985

420,712 162,498
416,553 166,462
417,145 174,941
411,505 173,848

53,532
62,448
63,217
70,418

1,561,220
,521,521
,431,373
,607,302

14,499
14,753
12,321
21,430

57,480
57,196
44,971
48,286

308,872
300,169
328,514
340,500

386,430
382,114
370,235
364,706

193,043 112,462
194,754 116,044
193,841 115,422
195,897 110,226

25,683
27,693
29,544
28,431

408,038 177,126
413,375 177,769
415,304 175,566
415,790 176,051

67,545
69,901
65,966
73,557

,507,185
,618,519
,705,161
,745,625

20,683
19,896
17,533
20,149

49,507
55,879
60,002
62,551

311,709
299,867
262,820
247,748

:

j

58,414 32,935

430,897

193,528 111,217 | 25,657

1920.
September.
October
November.
December..

503,880
330,624 67,714 34,109
357,433 64,707 31,764
384,494 60,145 34,433

591,958
432,447
453,904
479,072

151,662 121,255
154,159 117,122
164,597 111,213
175,874 109,653

1921.
January
February...
March
April

389,549
393,890
387,759
369,408

79,942 32,960
69,880 31,225
55,495 32,427
58,225 32,481

502,451
494,995
475,681
460,114

May
June
July
August

369,268
356,950
318,678
322,317

59,909
60,325
56,424
53,276

33,335
34,388
34,405
34,760

September.
October
November..
December...

301,094
296,429
285,263
283,969

53,821
53,022
51,562
49,083

31,515
32,663
33,410
31,654

27,549

23,593
24,242

600
626
552
572
539
548
570

|
|
J
|

525
501
439
415

j

1922.
January
February...
March....
April

290,331
277,160
274,082
269,828

48,005
45,362
46,416
46,858

30,703
32,612
29,852
29,591

369,039
355,134
350,350
346,277

199,324 105,712
204,471 103,311
200,072 99,594
199,177 100,258

27,486
24,200
25,275
22,416

422,318
431,704
449,915
477,709

179,574
181,885
175,300
170,179

74,563
70,296
77,510
66,700

1,654,744
1,466,165
1,472,528
1,327,037

18,950
17,021
19,451
16,065

59,815
65,067
78,100
94,598

25,173
24,900
29,686
27,194

May
June
July
August

261,935
260,278
261,069
259,982

50,187
63,721
53,828
54,282

27,855
27,428
24,155
28,236

339,977
341,427
339,052
342,500

196,639
192,151 ; 99,295
185,927 i 97,549
177,672 ! 97,873

22,576
23,640
23,554
22,822

452,651 164,434
437,151 159,699
432,185 162,337
407,794 165,277

67,275
65,570
62,807
76,067

1,320,635
1,358,973
1,397,594
1,509,364

16,099 90,813
16,815 95,953
25,239 U15,561
30,629 130,103

26,902
25,559
23,045
28,077

September.. 267,232 56,229
October
November..
December...

26,187

349,648 | 174,682

25,266

413,250 164,191

73,170

97,555

295,482

497

300,291

501

424,377
487,469
590,618

721

1,491,498 8 31,934 8 131,265 I 28,961 1475,380

797

780
967

See footnotes on opposite page also.
* Beginning December, 1919, these statistics cover amount of harness leather " stuffed" rather than that produced, but it is stated that the variation between these items
is small.
4
Includes estimated production offirmsoutside Tanners' Council.
* Data from the Leather Belting Exchange, and is estimated to represent from 65 to 75 per cent of the industry.
* Includes skins with and without wool, but does not include weight of wool.
» Compiled by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, from over 1,000 firms each month. Figures for 1919 are those reported by the Census of Manufactures for that year.
» Preliminary figures.




74
HIDES AND LEATHER—TRADE AND PRICES,
Table 27.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
i

EXPORTS OF
LEATHERS

IMPORTS OF HIDES AND SKINS.i

WHOLESALE PRICES.*

|

Leather.

Hides.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Sole.

Total
hides
Calfand ! skins.
skins, i

Total
Upper.3 boots
and
shoes.

Relative to 1913.

Green

4

4

100

1OO

Women's
Men's
dress
black
welt
kid,
bin cher tan calf Good
(St.
vear
(BosLouis). welt(St.
ton).
Louis).

CalfSole, Chrome Men's
Cattle Goat- Sheep- salted, skins,
black
calf.
hides. skins. skins. packers' country hemlock, " B / f
heavy
middle
calf,
native
steers
(Chicago).

No. 1
(Chicago).

4

1OO

4

1OO

No. 1
(Boston).

grades
(Boston).

Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1909-1913 average

;

1909-1913, monthly av
1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..

Boots and shoes.

4

1OO

100

1OO

97

94

97

91

107

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

166

77

98

108

82

134

55

104

107

111

107

104

102

104

100

259

101

168

126

60

178

81

118

132

114

110

106

105

106

100

289

120

193

141

77

176

106

160

142

179

138

167

119

127

115

140

70

147

123

36

161

90

132

178

215

190

215

153

180

150

86

44

131

70

11

96

63

83

164

197

172

222

181

178

146

392

1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

1OO

192

211

145

79

177

136

134

214

363

187

360

244

245

220

72

167

99

43

120

82

130

17C

195

189

366

288

257

255

40

89

68

59

78

64

72

76

79

127

193

225

195

169

59

60

123

76

26

120

27

79

154

121

181

297

292

237

228

45

63

162

77

42

114

16

105

139

98

174

278

255

237

228

20

1920.
September
October
November
December

82

46

4?

138

47

17

53

34

80

126

90

167

232

249

185

183

163

50

20

84

17

39

103

75

145

213

249

185

183

41

!

1921.
January
February..
March
April

111

132

51

24

77

25

39

91

81

142

195

233

185

183

28

139

50

33

73

24

49

74

71

135

195

233

185

167

20

25

134

47

42

68

16

43

63

66

131

195

233

185

183

32

May
June
July
August

40

34

35

146

52

51

61

33

74

55

72

131

195

225

158

167

46
113

115
104

65
76

90
82

158
158

167
167

17

18

64

78

79

91

29
23

35
49

56

103

97

112

74

80

66

105

74

o9

76

33

36

129

89

86

81

123

107

76

September..
October
November

33

43

50

77

82

75

83

61

80

42

38

61

52

58

97

90

66

36

59

35

62

Dpiopmbfir

50

66

67

65

57

38

50

38

65

40

63

46

82

55

91

54

71

41

74

55

75

94

90

61

71

91

54

85

76

46

41

73

52

33

73

50

131

195

225

195

225

81

128
124

195

225

121

195

225

158
158

167

86

77

85

121

195

225

158

167

55

80

82

121

194

217

153

158

67

84

86

77

121

186

217

153

158

70

70

76

90

74

121

186

217

153

158

33

83

67

61

90

73

121

173

217

153

158

44

122

68

43

87

73

124

173

217

153

158

29

78

84

85

76

72

124

158

213

153

158

25

85

106

71

73

69

124

154

209

145

140

89

39

104

88

121

79

71

124

154

105

63

138

92

100

91

81

128

158

93

53

125

59

28

99

99

124

140

91

194

68

167

109

97

135

116

97

167

1922.
January
February
March
April . . .
May
June
July .
August...

'

September
October
November
December.




1

5

I"

118

|

!

'•

*98

5

158

&

53

5

'v

209

145

138

209

145

138

161

209

145

138

124

161

209

145

138

124

173

205

152

141

!

1
See footnotes on opposite page.

i

75
HIDES AND LEATHER—TRADE
Table 28.—NUMERICAL

AND PRICES.
DATA.

From Government sources.
[Base year in bolf-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
EXPORTS OF
LEATHER. 1

IMPORTS OF HIDES AND SKINS.1

WHOLESALE PRICES.2
Hides.

Sole.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total
Upper. 3 boots
and
shoes.

Total
hides
and

skins.

I Thou- Thou- ! Thousands of sands of sands of
pounds. sq. ft. I pairs.
1909-1913,monthly av.
1913 monthly average. 2,605
1914monthly average. 4,319
1915 monthly average. 6,751
1916 monthly average.
7,540

1,198

747

52,589
30,158
62,070
42,499
29,003

;
| 1,542
I 1,168

5,331
5,552

1,037
1,361
1,161
1,370

32,679
32,901
20,065
21,575

529

3,696

1,079

4,823

2,903

3,508

873

1921.
January
February
March
April

2,501

527

2,209

822

May....
June
July....
August..

3,108

455

1,574

765

3,137

598

4,310

849
j

858

3,822

October
November.
December..

j

2,072

3,682

2,347

5,874

1,311

5,843

September.
October
November.
December..

1,114
21,961
1,169
21,519
1,125 j 20,185
1,231 j 22,464
538
471
624

3,142

September

May....
June
July....
August..

1,412
1,623

42,854
41,490
46,350
53,856
60,526

1,237
1,100
1,780
1,403

1921 monthly average.

1922.
January
February
March
April....

842
827

4,403
1,036

5,595

1,435

8,078

1,070

6,578

33,505
44,050
34,378
38,090

417
321
301
560

32,806
26,243
25,149
27,686

322
390
455
463

27,833
35,190
30,344
31,935
38,118
45,133
39,742
59,881
5 50,587

2,450

7,981

1,845

8,046

2,210

6,731

1,064

6,478

515
454
389
434

858

6,438

421

Cattle
hides.

Goat
skins.

Sheep
skins.

Thousands of pounds.

6,175
3,908
17,023
7,288
3,559

1917 monthly average.' 3,657
1918 monthly average, j 2,229
1919 monthly average. ! 10,222
1920 monthly average. ! 1,869

1920.
September
October..
November.
December..

8,845
6,834
8,967
10,623

Calfskins.

•6,815 «19,160
6,372
18,629
5,576
25,671
4,076
34,053
5,221
33,683

Leather.

Boots and shoes.

Green,
WoSole
Men's
men's
Calfsalted,
hem- Chrome Men's
black
packers' skins,
black
dress
lock, calf,"B"
kid,
calf,
welt
heavy country middle, grades
GoodBucher tan calf
native No. 1
No. 1 (Bosyear
(Chisteers
(Bos(St.
ton).
(Bos(Chicago).
ton).
Louis). welt (St,
ton).
Louis).
cago).
Dollars per pound.

Dollars
per
sq. ft.

Dollars per pair.

8,199 ' 5,289
5,684
7,473
5,495
6,321
6,257
6,607
8,461
8,686

0.184
.196
.242
.262

0.189
.210
.215
.338

0.282
.302
.309
.388

O.27O
.280
.285
.450

3.11
3.17
3.25
3.71

6,999
4,372
7,086
6,896
3,822

.327
.301
.393
.312
.139

.406
.371
.685
.368
.149

.535
.484
.528
.534
.358

.579
.598
.970
.985
.521

3.00
3.00
3.44

4.75
5.63
7.60
8.95
7.00

5.68
5.65
7.77
8.14
5.18

4.50
4.38
6.60
7.66
5.06

9.10
7.94
7.75
7.75

7.50
7.50
5.85
5.85

6.85
6.85
5.50
5.50

5.85
5.85
5.85
5.00

5.00
5.00
5.50
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00

30,890
18,421
33,940
22,922
15,015

7,409
5,197
11,138
6,684
5,260

1,791

23,062
21,792
10,160
16,021

2,200

4,181

.284

.229

.510

.800

1,274

5,536

.255

.184

.490

.759

2,810

4,257

.233

.169

.470

.625

1,355

2,080

.190

.141

.410

.575

14,699
13,947
12,935
11,679

2,027

2,073

.168

.153

.400

.525

1,989

2,606

.136

.134

.380

.525

1,305

2,276

.115

.125

.370

.525

2,714

3,909

.101

.136

.370

.525

7.25
7.25
7.25
7.00

17,343
21,496
20,066
15,475

3,762

6,108

.119

.169

.370

.525

7.00

9,241

5,522

.140

.156

.360

.525

7.00

1,171
1,377

1,645
2,265
2,881
3,503
5,383
6,589
4,501
5,882
5,427
3,544
2,411
3,907

2,272
3,013
1,971
1,702
2,624
4,268
3,616
6,229

16,327
11,064
11,816
13,337

15,934
23,286
14,908
16,348

3.00

3.28
3.35
4.01

2,465
758
5,380
2,928
3,995

2,877

3.17

6,063

3,110

.139

.153

.350

.525

7.00

10,078

5,674

.140

.162

.340

.525

7.00

5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00

6,772

3,222

.141

.160

.340

.525

7,949

2,898

.148

.155

.340

.525

5,468

4,440

.158

.145

.340

.500

5,757

4,031

.165

.140

.340

.500

7.00
6.75
6.75
6.75

5.00
4.85
4.85
4.85

5.00
4.75
4.75
4.75

6.75
6.75
6.62
6.50

4.85
4.85
4.85
4.60

4.75
4.75
5.75
4.19

4.60

4.60

4.15
4.15
4.15
4.15

48.1

4.23

5,530

3,213

.165

.138

.340

.465

5,563

2,294

.160

.138

.350

.465

6,908

4,517

.139

.135

.350

.425

8,708

3,780

.134

.131

.350

.415

19,907
26,491
23,960
37,192

7,228

6,375

.146

.134

.350

.415

7,508

5,297

.168

.152

.360

.425

4,801

1,465

.182

.186

.350

.435

5,540

8,841

.201

.182

.350

.435

6.50
6.50
6.50
6.50

5 30,220

* 4,369

•7,144

.213

.183

.350

.465

6.40

4.60
4.60

1
Data from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
* Data from U. 8. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, represent average monthly prices.
• Includes calf and kip, goat and kid, grain and finished splits.
4
Represent five-year (1909-1913) monthly average imports for total hides and skins, total goatskins and total sheepskins. Calfskins and cattle hides based on four-year
average, 1910-1913.
5 Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.




76

NEWSPRINT PAPER,
Table 29.—INDEX

NUMBERS.

Based on data from Government sources.1

Relative to
1919.

At
Total. mills.

Jobbers.

Relative to
1913.

Pub-

lishers.'

In
transit to
pubhshers.3

CONSUMPTION BY
PUBLISHERS.

I

EXPORTS.

S T O C K S , E N D OF M O N T H .

SHIPMENTS.

YEAR AND MONTH.

PRODUCTION.

Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.
PRICES
Contract,
domestic.

PRINTING.

Paper 5
C o n - Spot
Sales.*
tract, m a r - Activ- purchases.
ket,
ity. *
C a n a - do(value).
dian. mestic
Q u a n - Value.
tity.
Rel. to
Sept.,
1920.

Relative to 1919.

99

99

1OO
144
168
213
254

92
100
110
89

92
1OO
109
89

271
286
332
360

224
255
106
39

1OO
99
111

100
1OO
97
125

1OO
77
74

99
1OO
93
122

100
1OO
127
69

78
1OO
105
104

1OO
137
136

1OO
135
141

100
213
118

106
109
107
109

105
110
109
105

357
319
334
446

87
65
154
91

117
113
113
119

103
94
85
103

95
97
102
109

122
119
122
128

113
105
101
93

102
114
110
111

149
156
156
160

145
146
152
158

108
90
94
101

101
84
91
106

379
321
365
354

69
70
30
35

122
125
127
125

135
164
175
147

107
96
81
78

130
133
137
138

85
78
71
73

100
95
109
104

163
159
158
145

69
76
82
89

72
80
83
88

241
252
361
405

51
17
30
35

111
99
98
107

130
111
107
113

72
65
63
60

125
107
109
120

58
69
61
62

107
105
98
93

86
89
91
94

83
95
91
93

393
413
407
435

31
20
35
44

109
105
102
99

126
96
97
100

60
63
73
76

121
116
115
109

61
77
64
67

1922.
January.
February
March.
April.

92
85
103
98

90
84
102
100

450
450
426
422

70
23
78
93

98
102
100
93

111
116
118
104

69
68
68
65

105
112
108
98

May
June
July
August

113
111
105
116

113
112
107
117

444
460
439
446

72
81
59
54

95
99
101
114

104
98
88
83

63
60
59
65

September
October
November

109

110

363

64

114

79

72

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

av
av
av . .
av . . . .
av

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

av
av
av .
av

1920.
September
October
November
December.
1921.
January...
February..
March
April

....

May
Jrnia

.. , .

L

July
August
September
October

.

.

December.




7

1OO
141
128
178
217

Relative to 1918.

6

163
«133

680

78

100
95
121
85

100
106
174
89

100
125
185
151

228
218
213
183

100
109
98
105

119
117
102
90

180
184
160
141

194
186
180
184

175
177
177
151

162
146
131
121

82
75
82
75

75
71
75
79

113
90
95
92

180
162
162
152

141
140
128
128

151
146
132
131

118
120
117
120

57
62
75
84

67
76
81
86

77
77
78
83

141
148
132
150

99
113
111
115

131
113
113
110

120
111
110
110

98
95
97
85

80
84
88
93

92
111
105
105

82
98
92
93

151
146
139
149

71
66
67
74

110
105
119
124

101
98
97
96

95
95
95
96

86
83
84
83

90
85
91
88

96
104
116
101

86
91
103
89

150
133
175
139

97
107
110
125

87
75
83
100

123
118
112
111

95
96
95
95

96
96
95
96

83
81
83
85

95
88
76
87

116
109
116
123

102
96
102
109.

157
137
132
145

125

103

122

94

96

85

See footnotes on opposite page.

77

NEWSPRINT PAPER.
Table 30.—NUMEKICAI DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
STOCKS, END OF MONTH.

YEAR AND MONTIT.

PRODUCTION.

EXIMSHIPMENTS. PORTS.2 PORTS

Total.

At mills.

Jobbers.

Publishers.8

In transit to
publishers.3

CONSUMPTION
BY
PUBLISHERS.

PRICES.
Contract,
domestic.

ConSpot
tract, market,
Cana- domestic.
dian.
~|

Per 100-pound roll.

Short tons.

113,85S

18,320
26,290
30,701
39,019
46,593

3,601
5,066
4,597
6,395
7,822

105,024
106,049
114,543 114,880
125,997
125,215
102,182
102,252

49,689
52,311
60,S22
66,040

8,062
9,189
3,822
1,403

228,761
226,743
253,399

24,035
23,929
23,324
29,940

8,664
6,701
6,451

154,952
155,185
144,712
188,797

41,155
40,983
52,006
28,211

110,248
142,091
148,760
147,957

$3,721
5.107
5.054

$3,651
4.922
5.142

$4,290
9.143
5.042

121,005
124,818
122,993
124,857

121,123
126,815
125,323
120,360

65,411
58,389
61,248
81,7S9

3,154
2,352
5,544
3,290

267,785
258,078
259,479
271,098

24,593
22,596
20,266
24,763

8,193
8,428
8,865
9,478

188,781
184,135
188,799
198,927

46,218
42,919
41,549
37,930

144,224
162,385
155,724
157,991

5.531
5.790
5.792
5.969

5.308
5.343
5.541
5.770

9.800
9.362
9.148
7.854

January...
February.
March
April

123,820
103,040
107,532
115,408

116,176
96,281
104,919
122,091

69,448
58,893
66,791
64,778

2,472
2,530
1,096
1,278

278,508"
286,023
289,914
285,780

32,417
39,176
41,789
35,106

9,234
8,294
7,060
6,773

201,952
206,640
211,856
214,049

34,905
31,913
29,209
29,852

141,559
135,334
154,278
148,427

6.076
5.921
5.862
5.409

6.385
6.458
6.480
5.507

6.945
6.279
5.623
5.206

May
June
July
August*.

78,868
86,770
94,247
102,277

82,776
91,339
95,357
100,668

44,238
46,220
66,118
74,211

1,854
601
1,066
1,261

254,636
226,623
225,118
244,476

31,198
26,629
25,519
27,128

6,198
5,620
5,495
5,157

193,436
166,174
169,124
186,927

23,804
28,200
24,980
25,264

152,278
148,604
139,121
132,808

5.248
5.227
4.770
4.762

5.497
5.322
4.824
4.758

5.056
5.129
5.013
5.160

September.
October
November.
December..

98,898
101,884
104,604
107,877

95,785
109,110
104,492
107,070

72,004
75,598
74,544
79,637

1,117
704
1,256
1,599

248,461
239,751
234,258
227,235

30,241
23,015
23,127
23,934

5,229
5,460
6,333
6,560

187,872
179,765
178,449
169,319

25,119
31,511
26,349
27,422

140,758
160,563
158,193
163,560

4.188
4.194
4.102

4.388
4.069
4.002
4.018

4.185
4.070
4.170
3.666

1922.
January...
February.
March....
April

105,808
97,786
117,507
111,861

103,192
96,521
117,142
115,167

82,482
82,390
78,031
77,369

2,537
836
2,791
3,345

224,959
234,294
228,994
212,427

26,550
27,815
28,180
24,874

5,993
5,884
5,910
5,668

163,496
173,512
167,498
151,643

28,920
27,083
27,406
30,242

156,333
149862
169,574
176,801

3.756
3.629
3.615
3.570

3.484
3.479
3.482
3.497

3.685
3.581
3.601
3.548

129,950
| 127,230
I 120,839
!
133,236
!
i 125,402

130,043
128,644
123,050
134,490

81,352
84,337
80,337
81,780

2,576
2.903
2,139
1,940

216,438
225,632
231,833
260,111

24,781
23,367
21,156
19,902

5,438
5,234
5,150
5,642

150,443
166,385
171,410
193,623

35,776
30,646
34,117
40,944

174,670
168,207
159,496
157,655

3.541
3.574
3.540
3.522

3.501
3.492
3.476
3.500

3.548
3.475
3.551
3.643

66,570

2,299

260,923

18,810

6,255

193,812

42,046

172,802

3.504

3.510 !

3.660

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.

1920.
September.
October
November.
December..

113,251

6
6

38,998
31,713

e124,789

1921.

May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

126,494

7

* Except printing activity from United Typothetae of America and printing purchases and sales from American Writing Paper Company. Other data from the
Federal Trade Commission, except imports and exports from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
8
Prior to Sept. 1,1916, includes only paper valued at not above 2.5 cents per pound; from Sept. 1, 1916, to Apr. 24,1920, not above 5 cents per pound, and from
Apr. 24,1920, to date not above 8 cents per pound.
8
Reported by about 660 of the principal publishers.
< Printing activity based on productive hours reported by plants in 52 cities in 30 states, each department being weighted for the combined index number.
5
Purchases of printing paper and sales of printed product by about 350 concerns, doing from 20 to 25 per cent of the total commercial printing business of the country.
As the paper industry was abnormal in 1919, index numbers based on that year are not regarded as true indices; therefore 1918 was taken as a base.
«Stocks on hand end of year.
7 Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.




78

PAPER AND PAPER BOXES.
Table 31.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
PAPER
BOXES.

PAPER.
Paperboard.

Book.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Stocks,

Production.

Stocks.

Wrapping.
Production.

Stocks.

Production.

Corru- Solid
fiber
gated
board.3 board.*

Total, all grades.

Fine.

Stocks.

Production.

Exports
(total
Stocks. printing). I Production.

Relative to 1919.
1917 monthly average.
1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

87

77

125

69

40

114

116

79

121

73

38

116

95

100

81

68

70

37

90

60

36

18

585

103

574

107

5 94

100

100

100
113
71

100

117

100
120
94

123

67 j 135

70

123

36

123

66 j 121

78

126

38

117

78 I

82

90

114

47

100

79 j

65

98

94

65

119
121
109
95

; * 116
; *9o
100
|
75
! 115

105

79

84

101

96
98
1OO
118

»100
5 84
100
76
114

93
99
100
119
85

98
93
100
121
79

79
101

76 ;
78 ;

100 I

2 100

50

104

20

104

65

1920.
September.
October
November.,
December..

82

1921.
January...
February.
March
April

84

91

65

108

77

83

74

106

76

112

80

94

78

119

86

124

86

105

67

121

79

130

89

107

May
June
July
August..

69

125

76

125

92

109

71

127

80

125

87

112

64

119

69

119

113

78

111

85

116

115

September.
October
November.
December..

82

112

99

108

102

103

95

102

112

105

112

96

96

117

106

110

114

92

93

122

116

112

115
118
132
128

114

79
67
67
55
61
61
57
66
72
86
86
90

82

104

53

30

47

101

79

114

42

41

53

107

S5

124

21

48

75

109

S2

123

17

53

93

53

112

74

122

19

111

78

121

11

54

108

72

117

12

49

89

103

86

115

18

70

106

93

110

13

78

94

92

105

102

9

106

125

100

117

91

104

104

12

92

99

106

15

111

20

75

90

97

97

115

10

84

100

95

115

121

23

96

116

97

102

119

29

109

109

83

1922.

January..
February.
March
April

122
91
102
92

124

95

121

118

118

101

107
121
106

100
108
119
125

96
93
102
96

May

108

125

109

121

124

130

June

110

131

113

123

118

130

July....

98

122

102

118

113

127

August.

115

118

12,0

110

128

114

105
109
97
115

September.

115

116

100

110

106

October
November.
December..




See footnotes on opposite page.

100

114

120

25

113

87

105

115

123

30

116

95

102

107

117

24

120

114

103

123

111

21

132

134

121

104

23

142

79

PAPER AND PAPER BOXES.
Table 32.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
PAPER.

Book.

Paperboard.

PAPER BOXES.

Wrapping.

Fine.

Total, all gra<

ProProProProProduc- Stocks due- jStocks duc- Stocks duc- Stocks duction.
tion.
tion.
tion.
tion.

Y E A R AND MOXTH.

Corrugated board. 3

Production.
Production.
Exports OperOperStocks (total ating Con- Nat'l ating Con- Nat'l
print- time. tainer Ass'n time. tainer Ass'n !
ing).
Box
Box
Club. Mfrs.
Club. Mfrs.
Thousands of
square feet.

Short tons.
1917 mo. average
1918 mo. average
1919 mo. average
1920 mo. average
1921 mo. average

74,357 5 36,845 150,382 15 42,411
70,763 5 28,431 160,582 5 46,196
76,235 31,643 162,503 | 54,380
92,039 23,719 192,787 I 42,908
60,499 36,234 138,744 ! 63,365

1920.
September
October
November
December
1921.
January
February
March
April

60,626
59,500
57,851
69,324
54,300

94,142
93,849
89,564
76,093

70,917 19,570 j 34,207
73,100 20,700 | 34,526
65,920 25,586 I31,208
54,308 35,800 j27,233

Solid fiber board.4

Perct.
of nor- Thousands of
square feet.
mal.

J5 53,551 24,030 ^32,500 493,304 & 238,113 j
11,799
f40,499 30,668 *34,570 504,294 '199,860 \ 12,198
| 54,702 | 28,64736,845 515,863 238,999 I 15,580
\ 26,097 I 32,444 29,268 611,218 181,910 ! 7,828
3,079
j 55,465 I 20,207 37,347 ; 446,360 271,395 j

2 92 U06,834
79 111,168
45 68,949

2 96 50,858
81 53,045
65 45,313

6,238
! 165,340 !
5,881
| 173,980 j
| 192,843 10,562
I
214,396 I 9,273

121,705
124,460
75,002
38,403

58,777
48,554
18,773
22 9,374

8,185
6,551
3,341
2,587

32,273
44,031
51,050
56,716

34 24,129
44 | 27,171
53 38,281
60 47,391

56,438
57,798
62,278
75,003

45,071
49,720 |
45,078 |
53,911 i

83,548 \
,
113,574 !
106,983 40,946
87,692 46,497

47,361 ;
63,719
59,510 ' 8,321
42,146 : 5,050

!
!
!

!

21,124
20,826

218, 743196,604

38,249
42,222

24,563

133, 818

48,968

25,005

105, 227

53,104

52,642
i 53,934
48,527
! 59,711

\ 39,639
j 40,253
| 37,569
! 35,160

September
October
November
December

i 62,416 35,586 160,207
I 72,139 32,343 181,775
;
73,544 37,060 172,582
70,798 38,757 j 149,047

1922.
January
February
March
'.
April

73,466 38,463
69,408 39,334
77,889 38,367
! 70,507 37,367

122,801
130,177
112,265
138,530

643,018
621,964
518,144
445,539

44,620
46,352
49,879
51,713

45,241 22,756 34,748 420,468 !
51,276 19,242 37,397 407,966 !
57,536 19,058 39,355 440,777 !
58,622 15,631 40,083 422,012 ;

j 67,979
| 68,097
j 64,720
63,276

53,084
50,332
45,090
56,167

59,503 17,485
61,139 17,511
61,710 16,327
62,811 18,833

41,143
40,808
39,885
37,903

383,995
403,657
370,429
442,519

I
I
!
i

291,089 ! 2,894
288,787 j 1,678
279,544 | 1,902
274,009 | 2,756

I
I
I
!

59,095 56,313 20,555 35,994
64,518 52,378 24,635 33,957
65,905 50,205 24,609 33,389
25,843 34,000
64,850

477,926
542,408
535,876
508,284

!
|
i
|

262,807 I 1,948 j
244,657 j 1,441
248,927 j 1,822 ;
253,644 | 2,343 1

. . 6 4 , 3 8 2 28,880 105,806 | 58,479
| 56,687 33,587 123,832 ! 60,723
!
59,832 37,721 139,723 | 67,394
51,380 38,255 128,186 i 70,780

May
June
July
August

28,400
28,968
30,185
30,312

58,962
57,169
59,780
63,018

| 145,198 62,713 65,791 I 54,506
63,908 62,035 59,251
192,308 1,986 70,141 64,931
j 164,327 j 69,756 61,562 68,401

jj 153,704

35,331
35,804
35,123
35,806

506,195
501,817
593,860
528,461

70,906 30,129
71,259 31,291
69,368 27,767
62,444 33,081

36,985
38,674
37,621
37,889

589,971 285,729
593,335 293,066
552,914 280,660
635,107 264,480

!

82,574
83,517
74,435
I 87,922

38,520 ! 165,551

64,033

37,473 j 195,115

59,627

71,494
68,371
65,481
74,315

September
October
November
December

j 87,782

36,717 | 198,. 248

57,899

70,329 ! 54,843 31,576 I 36,213 623

39,491

176,790 j 65,702

41,456 | 183,759 j 67,079

264,971
274,738
289,523
284,862

27,405
26,663
29,346
27,420

May
June
July
August

:

248,941
273,228
297,337
293,765

249,516

54
64
65
53

!
!
:
I

28,208
31,064
38,015
34,916

45,847
50,606
58,833
55,625

10,494
jll,130
16,670
! 14,659

3,893
4,611
3,672 \
3,288

64 i 120,972 41,156
64 123,501 43,855
128,604 72,698
141,097 115,582

44,154
48,328
57,749
68,172

! 8,809

3,624

78 151,156 113,749

61,841 |35,381

3,421
1,513
3,665
4,512

80,567
89,893
102,898
116,198

j 12,039

j 12,084
4,406

j

1
Data on production and stocks of paper a t mills from Federal Trade Commission; exports from V. S. Devartment of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic
Commerce (1913 monthly average=4,772 tons); paper boxes from The Container Club and National Association of Corrugated and Fibre Box Manufacturers.
* Average of last six months of year.
»Per cent of normal operating time and left-hand production column represent 17 and 16 identical firms, respectively, as reported by The Container Club, except that,
for the first three of the six months of 1919 reported, two companies are omitted which do not appreciably effect the total. The figures in the right-hand production column
are from 17 identical firms as reported by the National Association of Corrugated and FibreBox Manufacturers. No index numbers have been calculated on these latterfigures
or on the per cent of operating time.
« Per cent of normal operating time and left-hand production column reported by The Container Club from six or seven firms. The right-hand figures are from the
National Association of Corrugated and Fibre Box Manufacturers, comprising three firms, except November, 1921, when four firms reported, and December, 1921, when two
firms reported. No index numbers have been calculated on these latter figures or on the per cent of operating time.
6 Stocks at end of year.




80
OTHER PAPER PRODUCTS.
Table 33.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
FOLDING
PAPER BOXES.

ROPE |
FOLDING
PAPER!
SACKS.! PAPER BOXES.

LABELS.

Produc-j New I Produc- New
tion.
orders.
tion.
orders.

YEAR AND MONTH.

LABELS.

Ship- jl Produc- New
ments. I tion.
orders.

New
Production.
orders.

Relative
to
average,

Relative to 1921.
A.-INDEX NUMBERS.
1921 monthly average

i

100

100

100

100

Per cent of capacity.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
2 100

45.9

47.9

39.0

44.2

17.7
24.5
33.3
30.2

11.4
28.5
44.5
23.2

33.9
40.0
35.3
53.8

45.2
50.5
64.0
55.7

57.0
49.9
47.6
44.9

61.4
76.4
34.9
34.7

42.3
51.0
63.3
71.0

80.7
61.6
91.7
85.0

75.9
63.6
68,7
98.6

82.0
107.2
89.7
94.1

1921.
January..
February.
March
April

46

30

45

j

26

21.0

14.5

85

79

63

;

64

39.0

37.8

90

97

85

;

101

41.4

46.4

96

70

77

I

52

44.2

33.6

May....
June
July....
August.

89

88

87

102

40.7

42.1

85

110

103

114

39.2

52.8

88

91

145

67

40.6

46.7

111

138

126

87

50.3

53.4

107

137

146

139

133

48.9

65.4

145

September.
October
November..
December..

97

110

138

128

153

123

66.4

65.9

123

132

122

79

111

56.3

63.0

136

110

115

79

90

62.3

52.9

January..
February.
March
April

100

100

108

183

71

45.9

47.8

118

143

131

139

91

54.3

68.5

146

148

162

207

114

67.0

70.7

151

134

182

192

96

69.5

64.2

May....
June
July....
August.

151

186

195

186

103

69.4

89.1

156

168

163

243

114

71.6

80.3

1922.

September.
October
November..
December..

155

180

176

203

116

71.1

86.1

175

151

253

213

127

80.3

72.4

138

230

74.1

66.2

i

68.0

I
1

Folding paper boxes and labels from the Association of Folding Box and Label Manufacturers; said to represent approximately 60 per cent for the folding box industry and 75 per cent for the label industry. Rope paper sacks from Rope Paper Sack
Manufacturers' Association, said to represent approximately 95 per cent of the industry.
8
Twelve months' average, July, 1921, to June, 1922. Numerical data not furnished by the association.




81

WOOD PULP.
Table 34.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources. l
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
MECHANICAL.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Production.

!

Rel. to
5-yr.av.

Rel. to
5-yr. av.

Relative to 1919.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100

104

3 73

100
90
1OO
109
87

1917 mo. av
1918 mo. av
1919 mo. av
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av

3 94
3 88

91

100
110
ss

100

141
93
102
117
97

100
78
108

1920.
September
October
November
December

87
104
115
121

I
I
I
I

1921.
January
February
March
April

117
98
118
132

86
1 102 I 95
; 90 I 101 13
I 97 I 118 1.6
; 103 ' 141 35

104
103
104
104

100

110
88
132

98
99

83
63

100
117

100
116

100

79

79

114
94

j

...

May
June
July
August

81
66
62
61

79
So

j 3112.145

120,589
117,804 3 145,567
108.617 ! 109,817 3 131,170
120,817 120,660 |154,251
131,525 j 132,308 120,
105,668
106,214
166.8S0

13,991
18,105 j
14,504 I
21,877 !

129,325 I
160,572 j .

23/257
159,375
157,797 3 44,799
15,456
158,008
158,930 3 33,671
16,855 '161,247 160,375 53,725
19,375 I 18S, 156 ' 1S5,536 33, 720
16,000 || 127,744 ! 127,467
53,409

33,230
32,728
36,147 ;
56,153 i
44,457 I

125,651
124,191
125,156
125,621

92,823 ; 26,812
94,150 I 17,212
108,529 ; 19,243
129,626 22,299

188,938 : 188,933
28,515
•222,874
188,562 , 34,312
186,506
182,379 | 38,439
155,809 j 151,225 | 43,023

74,614
73,923
55,752
53,007

123,661
108,857
116,820
124,161

146,964 j 14,076
155,997 j 3,275
182,027 j 2,684
217,308
5,687

134,354 I 123,524
125,913 I 119,157
119,482
119,602
109,364
112,869

53,853
60,609
60, 489
56,984

35,478 !
15,682 ;
17,622 i
20.848 '
20,322 I
27,698 I
41,756 j
44,181 I

100
113
113
106

139
61
69

!
!
I
|

72
68

112
111
102

80
109
164
173

I
|
|
I

97,963
89,182
80,337 ! 00,357
75,405
95,386
73,666 ; 103,153

226,089
216,069
196,088
166,601

7,072
8,117
15,329
16,405

118,138
109,052
102,768
121,510

114,995
109,689
107,573
122,753

60,127
59,490
54,685
53,442

82
102
92

91
79
80
87

255
221
279

I 66,965 | 95,894
I 82,511 ! 100,777
| 108,186 | 112,228
121,804 114,087

137,672
119,406
115,365
123,080

28,958
26,397
35, 504
28, 498

126,514
151,699
163,101
151,031

131,174
158,050
162, 841
147,380

48,782 65,206 !
42,431 56,419 I
43,172 71,204 '
4B, 843 117,068

94
99
106
99

109,175 101,957
374
98,742
98,315
260
190 j 143,596 I 129,931
255 I 147,608 I 127,286

125,298
125,725
139,390
159,712

20,920
9,138
12,425
11,797

157,746
144,568
170,995
149,859

158, 774
142.399
167,112
153,542

50, 815
52,984
56,867
53,184

95,525
66,443
48,376
65,140

202
309
355
327

167,197
148,328
124,691
109,870 ;

182,867
192,736
187,580
157,515

11,626
15,951
17,181
13,545

164,497
164,931
154,617
172,750

168,095
161,181
156,313
171,898

49,586
53,336
51,640
52,442

51,658
78,932
90,638
83,562 i

281

102,350 I 132,667|

127,198 j * 19,153 li 170,329

171,452

51,319

* 71,748 !

77
74

42

73

49 J:

.

147
140
127
108

93
100

68
64
75

77
75
80

176
160
216
173

94
101
94

75
70

90
101

1922.
January
February
March
April

90
82
119
122

84
81
108
105

81
82
90
104

127
56
75
72

98
90
106
93

104
96

May....
June
July....
August.

138
123
103
91

119
115
108

116

119
125
122
102

71
97
104
82

102
102
96
10,7

105
101
97
107

85

i 110

116

106

107

September..
October
November..
December..

125,678

25,521
31.130 j
38,091 :
32,861 !
3 25,855 35,100

169463

106,824

104,975 !
292
290 !l 125,518 |
218 i| 139,535
1
208 1 146,718 |

53
64
72

i

1
83
78
74
68

September
October
November
December

79
84
93

130
128
141
220
174

63
99

118 I
118 j

1

122
150
128
138

48

99
98

60 163
117
61 i 105 138
70 I 117 116
84 i 135 97

Consump- Stocks
ImProduc- tion and at end
tion.
of
ports.2
shipmo.
ments.

Short tons.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1909-1913 m o
1913 m o . a v .
1914 m o . a v . .
1915 m o . a v . ,
1916 m o . a v . .

CHEMICAL.

ConConsump- Stocks
sumpIm- 2
tion at end I m - 2 Produc- tion and
of
and
ports.
tion.
ship- month. ports.
* shipmo.
ments.
ments.

Consump- Stocks
tion at end I m and
of
ports.2
shipments.

Relative to 1919.

MECHANICAL.

CHEMICAL.

4

92

4

140,999
117,884
142,850
159,442

!
!
j
|

144,042
138,459
129,847
139,935

1
Imports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau oi Foreign and Domestic Commerce; all other data from Federal Trade Commission, except production for 1914
and 21916 from U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service.
Import figures converted from long to short tons to agree with production and stocks.
3
Stocks at end oi year.
4
Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.

15566 °—22




6

82
BUILDING STATISTICS—CONTRACTS AWARDED.
Table 35.—INDEX NUMBEES.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
BUSINESS
BUILDINGS.

INDUSTRIAL
BUILDINGS.

RESIDENTIAL
BUILDINGS.

EDUCATIONAL
BUILDINGS.

HOSPITALS AND
INSTITUTIONS.

NumNumNumNumNumber of Square Value. ber of Square Value. ber of Square Value. ber of Square Value. ber of Square
proj- feet.
proj- feet.
proj- feet.
projproj- feet. Value.
feet.
ects.
ects. ;
ects.
ects.
ects.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Relative to 1919.
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly
1918 monthly

average
average
average . . .
average

2 42
2 63*

al

2 43

49
57 1
42
36

100
60
103

100
57
85

100
67
103 |

85

92

54

63

43

74

80
67
58
60

2 118

.

100
83
23

1OO
115
34

87
83
53
55

2 94
290

36
48
94

111

2 71

2 62

100
74
59

100
79
82

1OO
80
43

86
103
79
54

119

i«

85

86

73
78

73
75
63
47

58
52
39
25

80
70
60
42

67
70
64
45

65
42
41
31

95
63
78
50

46
50
80
81

35
35
48
55

61
50
67
86

39
31
47
45

18
14
18
27

36
21
25
30

j

82

. . . .

100
81
77

102

1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average

61
61
66
75

28
28
21
18

48

1

32
25

!

21
31
33
22

26
43

1920.
May
June
July
August

94
83

September
October
November .
December

.

. . .

141
107

(

100
102
137

1OO
114
177

100
144
204

100
100
110

100
142
242

100
121
179

141

142

171

102

223

144

165

160

198

124

127

92

58

171

131

199

139

144

251

54

59

163

148

190

118

129

149

60
55
51
44

41
55
36
27

51
61
45
33

105
71
48
51

96
9S
55
38

128
143
70
73

116
122
110
86

131
201
113
82

97
189
79
105

39

33
41
71
89

43
51
86
106

44
49
96
137

66
85
155
174

69
87
191
227

63
33
71
110

212
25
159
179

146
35
83
137

117

93

117

173

244

246

112

175

101

119

90

106

214

195

235

161

410

391

92
118

69
89

85
114

223
216

228
233

287
281

149
143

430
239

252
148

132
i 133
1
117
106

108
109

135
127

193
122

221
169

266
225

173
131

540
185

364

112

128

89

178

183

94

142

138

109

143

87

172

151

82

207

197

106
85

1921.
January
February
March
April

.

May
June
Julv
August

.

. .

. . . .

87

73
87
89
94

September
October
November
December

81

78

78
86
56
50

I

87

43

75

38

98
104

35
39

122
111

42
56

72

55

65

46

52
i

43

41

34

96

1 114

159

1

1923.
68
75
115
115

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September

. -

52
68
97
113

70
116
147
174

43
32
48
54

24
19
33
40

46
25
57
57

85
77
158
187

90
82
151
157

107
107
172
187

64
78
143
190

104
121
265
380

121
132
257
369

63
94
122
133

198
270
218
235

164
237
160
202

116
111
97
97

107
111
95
84

170
152
130
113

54
53
45

47
34
54
88

56"

158

193
186
159
171

157
156
121
118

199
193
154
143

219
303
301
270

322
425
360
273

331
444
409
322

169
141
176
151

320
234
379
465

258
.72
338
287

92

98

136

36

62

150

114

143

143

190

213

j 127

194

163

1 ^
48

47
75

I

November
December




I
See footnotes on opposite page.

83
BUILDING STATISTICS—CONTRACTS AWARDED.
Table 36.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

BUSINESS
BUILDINGS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

INDUSTRIAL
BUILDINGS.

RESIDENTIAL
BUILDINGS.

Num- Thou- Thouber of sands sands
of
proj- square
of
ects. feet. dollars.

Num- Thou- Thouber of sands sands
of
of
proj- square
dollars.
ects. feet.

Num- Thou- Thou- i
ber of sands sands
of
proj- square
of
ects. feet.
dollars.
i

Num- ThouNum- Thou- T h on _
comic m o u ber of
ber of sands sands
projproj- S of r e of
ects.
dollars.
Sli? dollars

15,075

636
511

12,772

42,744

70,767

166

1,915 S9,960

49

368

$3,266

10,652

49,080

2,414

11,460

47,177

170

49

523

3,962

274

2,981

14,444

4,118

17,047

73,154

227

2,190 | 14,358
3,382 | 20,319

54

890

5,845

40,201
47,529
36,128
28,985

617

11,111
10,639
6,768
6,972

47,511
45,275
36,458
31,733

3,218

17,104
10,891
8,607
2,334 |
2,384 j 10,803

362

234

2,719

17,047

2,691

330

274

3,061

19,674

531
476

4,712
3. Oil
8,200
4,850

5,371
4,823
3,611
2,336

26,944
23,804
20,218
14,068

427

8,273
5,392

2,206 |

407

5,264

2,035 |

289

3,911

40,440
26,932
33,330
21,399

2,410 i

443

1,777 ;

3,262
3,277
4,424
5,084

20,528
17,020
22,776
29,176

250

2,359

15,437

1,573

197

1,786

9,037

2,085

296

2,341

10,640

3,833

288

3,497

12,919

4,556

5,632
5,645
6,070
6,940

24,494
24,494
33,240
35,277

275

3,543

20,404

244

3,581

18,502

221

2,641

13,604

251

2,292

10,832

18,804
18,227
3,684 I 13,961
4,729 ! 17,949

7,174
7,991
5,158
4,583

41,259
37,405
24,221
22,056

269

2,706

11,283

5,286 j 21,709

95,303

321

4,238

357

3,984

18,419

5,314

21,978

89,650

202

3,228

4,811
6,264
8,953
10,419

23,696
39,240
49,758
58,711

345

9,841
10,289
8,780
7,793

57,515
51,489
44,020
38,122

344 5,941
339
4,305
285
6,870
335 11,262

1,003 ! 9.074

45,907

306

2 5,308

1916 m o n t h l y average..

2 8,050

1917 m o n t h l y average..

2 9,042
2

1918 m o n t h l y average..
1919 m o n t h l y average

1,092

9,240

$33,806

1920 monthly average

895

6,870

26,638

1921 monthly average ...

844

5,437

27,662

1,117

7,908
9,499
7,325
5,005

19,000

834,832 I

2 18,167

40,275

212,583

29,548

2 8,667

25,381

3,999 2 0 , 1 5 7

I
I

1920.
1,022
907
924

September..
October
November..
December..

HOSPITALS AND
INSTITUTIONS.

$8,912
15,212
20,668
40,202

1915 m o n t h l y average..

May....
June
July....
August.

2

EDUCATIONAL
BUILDINGS.

799
817
683
510

529
465
493

811

284

2, ,507

19,808

627

270

2,832 |

18,972

8,222

015

175

1,834 ! 12,762

11,173

433

118

1,779 ! 14,258

7,264

158

79

1,045 |

6,950

5,534

516

85

719 i

6,724
8,319
14,382
17,948

30,732

73
81
160
228

3,166

7,288

484
742
417
302

1,257
1,625
2,969
3,328

6,905
8,647
19,031
22,640

782
94
587
660

4,779

4,482

645
1,507
1,582
879

3,288
12,762
8,223
4,840

26,459
22,429
18,212
15,046

1,987
680
531
760

11,878
5,200
4,506
6,343

12,067
13.110
25,575
36,719

727
995
804

5,369

1,179
860
1,396
1,712
714

6,186
2,573
3,441

1921.

January..
February.
March....
April

506
549
870
880
896

May....
June
July....
August.

952
795
954

September..
October
November..
December..

971
1,029
880
847

36,294
60,701
75,006

4,683

82,982

287

4,668

24,462 I]

4,758 |

75,175

355

3,731

23,441 \\

60,452

371

4,369

28,602 j ;

80,329

358

4,457 | 27,959 J
;

350

4,197

17,695

4,681

22,666

90,324

147

3,416

290

2,846

14,553

4,236 | 21,901

100,897

144

3,297

271

3,033
2,417
4,165
5,130

1,146
2,698

1922.

January..
February.
March
April
May....
i June
i July....
| August.
September..
October....
November..
December..

744
815
1,252
1,255
1,270
1,213
1,059
1,057

205
306

19,695

3,410

18,083

75,728 i

107

2,001

10,733

3,079

16,490

75,728 !

130

2,325

24,270

6,322

30,348

121,551 |

238

5,071

24,312

7,484

31,666

132,478 ;

316

7,277

23,893

7,705 I 31,604

140,933

364

6,161

20,277

7,454 I 31,519

136,359 j

503

8,132

31,883

6,347

24,392

108,951 ;

499

6,901

67,374

6,8.57

23,712

100,883 !

449

5,228

32,925
44,245
40,690
32,055

3,644

21,214

26,385

6,005 I 23,059

101,428 !

7,749
5,212
6,584
8,437
5,607
11,024
9,383
5,331

1
Data compiled by the F. W. Dodge Co., covering small towns and rural districts as well as large cities. Prior to May, 1921, thesefigurescovered 25 northeastern states
and the District of Columbia. The states are those north and east of, and including, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee, and Virginia, together with
portions of eastern Kansas and Nebraska. Beginning May, 1921, North Carolina and South Carolina were added to the list, but this addition is stated to have little effect
upon the total.
3
Estimates made by the F. W. Dodge Co.




84
BUILDING STATISTICS—CONTRACTS AWARDED.
Table 37.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

1

PUBLIC
WORKS A N D
PUBLIC
UTILITIES.

PUBLIC
BUILDINGS.

SOCIAL AND
RECREATIONAL
BUILDINGS.

RELIGIOUS AND
MEMORIAL
BUILDINGS.

GRAND TOTALS
FIRE
LOSSES.

NumNumNumNumNumber of Square Value. ber of Value. ber of Square Value. ber of Square Value. ber of Square
projprojprojfeet.
feet.
projprojfeet.
feet. Value.
ects.
ects.
ects.
ects.
ects.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Relative to 1919.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average
average
average
average
average

1918 "monthly
1919 monthlv
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average.
average
average
average

33
28
36
53
63
65

100
96
91

1OO

1OO

137

198

147

'

166

1 1OO
82
108

91

100
98
117

100
81
115

1OO
113

100

100
95

1OO

100

109

100
87

110

70

130

126

173

161

95

69

137

103

104

146

90

89

115

113

120

113

108

161

81

79

121 i

100
v

72

100
98
91

100
123
124

1930.
117

436

j

723

123

207

|

146

143

86

163

9S

212

246

89

183

128

68

50

91

. . .

02

130

May
June
July
August . .

72

100
102
111
103

111

131

145

110

85
94
79
117

95
86
56
54

132

104

102

115

77

52

134

132

186

130

123

131

145

143

75

60

95

134

135

112

138

75

61

94 I

115
112
80

58

92

100

124

140

69

55

83 ';

114 1

52

116

113

131

161 »

65

55

83

126

75

62

98

90

74

89

56

40

60

125

53

73

45

62

53

98

68

47

30

47

184

58

62

39

61

62

83

72

41

33

52 :

158

44

82

77

53

83

72

49

36

47

81

112

108

136

74

97

80

87

57

76

115

74

115
127
99 !

!

1
September
October
November
December

'

80
127

1921.
57

222

117

(

203

100

234

•

249

36
40
85
124

156

215

280

142

186

196

105

109

158
88

165
125

i 149
173

155
127

148
150

115
136

143
146

148

161

170

134

138

160

135

112

136

121

146

191

201
2S7

144
226

110

130
113

87

133

145

107

137

128

122

178

96

291

234

122

157

168

136

84

119

109

95

74

123
69

132
1 124

85

96

79

82

97

193

192

65

63
67

102

64

September
October
November
December

96

188

68

May
June..
July
\ugust .

66

49

Januarv
February
Marr-h
April

78

79

103 ;
113 ;
106 !

107

129 1

299

115
94

68

99

149

204

19S

112

/6

103

115

165
151

275

243

119

89

115

209

1S3

us

87

103

114
125

96

105

100

81

89

84

111
115

104

88

108

90

76

92

129 1

i

'

117

1932*
January
• February
March
April .
• May
i June
July
1 Yugust
September
October
1 November
! December




77

. .

84

53

63

83

..

100

38

219

170

96

145

123

49
52
120
144

77

72

91

68

102

108

74

65

77

172

51

58

62

57

8-5

142

150

70

64

83

131

124

114

108

118

120

179

156

135

111

137

178

180

121

113

134

!

171

246

265

157

125

164

138
133

45

!

!

89

279

224

! 183

153

135

188

291

211

440

383

166

128

169

70

281

216

193

138

145

255

200

!

221

360

340

164

130

160

108

109

263

1,237

189

134

113

146

:

218

323

323

144

111

163

164

106

157

233

; 187
i 194

119

141

202

179

218

301

284

152

116

150

96

115

118

177

120

125

117

172

;

176

233

232

133

95

126

185

See footnotes on o p p o s i t e page.

85

BUILDING STATISTICS—CONTRACTS AWARDED.
Table 38.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year i:\ bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
PUBLIC
BUILDINGS.
AND M O N T H .

PUBLIC WORKS
! AND PUBLIC
UTILITIES.

Num- Thou- Thou- j Number
ber sands sands
of
of
of
of | projproj- square dollars. ects.
ects. feet.

RELIGIOUS AND
MEMORIAL
BUILDINGS.

SOCIAL AND
RECREATIONAL
BUILDINGS.

Num- Thou- ThouThou- Num- Thou- T h
ber s a d s
sands sands
sands
£ i sands" ber
of
of
of
of
of
proj- square ! a o °* s proj- square dollars.
Ila
dollars. ects. feet.
*
ects.

GRAND TOTAL.*
Number
of
projects.

1913 monthly a v . .
1914 monthly a v . .
1915 monthly a v . .
1916 monthly a v . 1917 monthly a v . .
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

av
av....
av
av

1920.
May....
June
July
August..
September.
October
November.
December..

47

654

$41,834

91

444

$3,127

6,862

2,218

534

47,195

j 109

1,030

7,594

79

422

' 3,446

4,821

33,491

j 1,859

704

38,265

! 130

1,456

9,050

115

767

5,033

6,520

32,267

1,476

654
670
724
674

56,086
77,895
46,367
60,459

146
144
145
122

1,075
1,191
1,004
1,484

9,561
8,327
8,572
9,363

94
103
119
123

461
481
647
500

4, 579
5, 040
4, 478

6, 193
5, 584

41,402

243,935

4

> 309

5, 129

37,084
28,078
28,287

260,111
j 204,498
! 202,652

25,440
25,746
25,136
17,931

620
565
369
356

43,392
47,900
21,848
21,972

113
86
83
81

549
584
329
436

4,389
5,041
2,774
2,137

4,758
4,449
3,839
3,249

| 25,845
j 25,532
I 18,855
! 14,004

178,179
177,758
128,966
100,145

25,630
28,331
28,093
41,198

1,079
2,482
2,271
2,781

237
264
558

24,186
18,547
33,958
48,043

56

367
368
430

2,261
2,253
2,487
6,138

3,361
5,981
7,176

15,513
16,807
26,709
34,494

111,608
100,677
164,092
220,886

35,320
25,889
28,581
22,179

4,497
7,075
9,356
6,204

7,530
7,919
; 6,440
7,684

35,751
35,738
31,717
35,246

242,094
227,711
212,491
220,721

23,957
29,001
33,356
25,829

41,702
40,433
37,818
35,272

246,183
222,480
192,311
198,518

25,502
27,955
26,179
28 908

30,261
30,001
51,957
58,14'i

166,320
177,473
293,637
353,102

• 38,663
29,304
39,911
31,010

59,639
60,526
51,705
54,019

362,590
343,440
350,081
322,007

29,869
24,103
36,668
21,580

9.108 ; 44,275 ! 271,493

41,515

45
43

172
236
252

55
61
58
67

107
751
356
148

46

365
315
87
124

2,751
1,433

42
32
43

$1,119
|

8,087
1,637
1,819

111

1,265

$6,964

734

6,394

661

8,108

785
564

6,839
4,310

91
103
82
48

69
91
124
173

495
979
1,368
2 ,723

4,274
5,328
9,461
19,533

e48
67
129

!|

46,683

131

1921.
January
February
March
April

47

113
324
202
404

May
June
July
August..

51
61
63
53

273
152
238
150

1,846
1,402
1,793
1,490

977
1,130
895
949

64,999
52 967
46,902
44,797

164
166
151
152

1,451
1,710
1,529
1,624

9,975
10,202
10,136
8,502

135
155
174
162

715
1,161
1,276

September..
October
November...
December...

45

30

501
212
119
332

2,620
1,523
884
2,143

861
808
538
423

35,414
35,141
26,397
27,833

135
132
113
87

1,990
1,383
1,222
1,002

11,693
6,632
6,713
6,149

150
137
96
76

1,222
928
491
510

8,144
7,778
5,735
8,096
3,246 : 6,891
3,369
6,181

3G
18
39
45

172
92
377
249

942
705
1,902
1,380

318
338
788
940

18,735
21,193
51,997
75,251

86
64
127
134

914
787
1,362
1,432

6,356
3,941
8,228
9,317

62
77
109
155

455
629
795
1,092 I

3,367
4,882
4,880

42

480
4S4
452

2,506
2,422
13,837

1,197
1,259
1,220

63,817
57,940
79,162

150
161
149

2,603

1,272

49,825

157

2,381
3,223
1,435
2,555

20,260
13,981
10,181
12,446

192
201
198
198

1,952
1,598
1,433
1,337

1,325

1,155

50,379

139

1,855

12,005

160

1,035

27
23
32

45
35

827

907

1922.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July....
August..
September.
October

33

198

l

8/288

5,073
4,782
9,250
10, 74o

11,966 . 11,35S
,
10,618 I 11,249
;
10.085
9,902
8,883 : 10,457
7,259

November.
December..
1
Data compiled by the F. W. Dodge Co. covering small towns and rural districts as well as large cities, except fire losses in the United States and Canada, included
here for convenience, compiled by the New York Journal of Commerce. Prior to May, 1921, the building figures covered 25 northeastern states and the District of Columbia.
Thestates are those north and east of, and including, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee, and Virginia, together with portions of eastern Kansas and
Nebraska. Beginning May, 1921, North Carolina and South Carolina were added to the list, but this addition is stated to have little effect upon the total.
2 Grand totalincludes military and naval buildings and miscellaneous, in addition to the groups listed in this and the preceding tat le (p. 83;.




86
CONSTRUCTION COSTS AND GLASS.
Table 39.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
" [Base year in bold-faced type. ]

COST INDICES.

Fac-

YEAR AND MONTH.

Sub-

Loft

tory Con- Hotel office divided
Frame Brick build- struc- build- build- office
tion 3 in* 4 ing buildhouse. house. ing
costs.2 costs.

Relative to

Rel. to
1914.

1913.

costs.

costs.4

GLASS
BOTTLES.?

O

ing

costs.4

CONSTR1
VOLU

BUILDING
MATERIAL
PRICE
INDICES.1

Production.

ILLUMINATING
GLASSWARES

Actual Ship- Sales U n pro- ments billed filled
orduc- billed. (value) ders.
tion.

Net
orders.

Rel. to

Relative to average,

1919.

Relative to 1913.

SPECTACLE
FRAMES
ANDMOUNTINGS.9

ILLUMINATING
GLASSWARES

May, 1921-April, 1922.

Rel. to Rel. to
1913.
1919.

av
av
av
av
av

100

B.—NUMERICAL
DATA.

100

i

191S monthly av
1919 monthly av
1920 monthly av
1921 monthly av.

100

100

93

90

91

104

101

100

!

121

137

i

100

98

100

93

133

133

131

1S9

100

153

155

151

1
1

169

100

100

110

li

149

203

156

156

154

208

6 164

6 165

6 160

91

10©

298

239

209

215

207

88

104

339

202

177

180

174

91

69

218

45

!

127

179

1921.
January
February
March
April

Shipments
billed.

Per cent of capacity.

A.— I N D E 3: N U M B E R S .

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

Actual
production.

Net
orders.

219

»100

I»1OO

»1OO

100
.«36.7

10

36.2

241

231

196

204

198

41

100

195

45

220

231

190

193

191

43

87

226

49

197

224

187

192

187

88

68

244

51

186

213

182

187

182

86

68

265

57

Mav
June . . .
July
August

176

211

179

183

179

90

60

101

88

86

248

54

37.0

31.9

172

210

176

181

177

117

54

83

97

88

218

49

30.5

35.1

167

204

171

U76

171

90

48

49

42

79

141

39

18.0

15.2

161

193

168

171

167

94

50

71

41

54

179

27

25.9

14.7

September
October
November
December

160

188

164

166

163

114

50

93

62

35

34.0

22.6

183

164

166

162

109

70

134

101

73
114

218

157

243

41

49.3

36.6

i°35.7

1922.
January
February
March.
April

166

166

164

166

162

101

86

138

143

138

218

44

50.6

51.7

153

169

162

166

160

118

86

99

141

128

220

43

36.2

51.2

179

152

164

116

98

169

41

40.0

42.0

158

160

91
100

109

152

159
156

83

174

169
162

160

169

81

99

121

117

233

45

36.4

43.9

169

..

154

179

174

.

173

173

173
172

152

165

158

160

156

202

67

117

128

111

259

42

165

159

162

157

150

79

107

120

115

257

44

42.9
39.2

46.3

152

164
166

158

179

82

123

259

37

45.5

45.3

187

84

132

125
108

115

159

114

277

29

48.3

39.2

168

i

43.4

30.8
31.3
28.3
19.1
26.2
40.7
49.1
45.6
35.0
41.8
39.8
41.1

September
October
December
1

173

176

157

167

160

178

181

169

170

161

181

184

171

173

118

73

101

76

93

210

31

37.1

27.4

189

May
June . . .
Julv

193

174

185

154

78

112

79

93

252

30

41.1

28.7

41.1
40.8
33.1
33.!

43.7

42.6

193

190

197

192
i

189

1

i

129

121

79

119

285

46

s
55.1

I

;.
i

ll
1

!

Except building material price indices, from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Standards, Division of Building and Housing and Bureau of the Census,
which is based on prices paid for material by contractors in some 60 cities of the United States. The prices are weighted by the relative importance of each commodity
in the construction of a six-room house.
2
This index number, furnished through the courtesy of the Aberthaw Construction Co., is designed to show the relative changes in the cost of constructing a standard
concrete factory building. The company believes that the year 1914 gives a normal base and that July, 1920, with an index number of 265, represented the peak of building costs.
3 The construction cost index, computed by the Engineering News Record, is based upon the costs of steel (structural shapes, Pittsburgh base), cement (f. o. b. Chicago,
exclusive of bags), lumber (southern pine, New York base), and. the rates paid common labor in the steel industry. The prices are weighted on the basis of the total production 4of steel, cement, and lumber, and the total supply of common labor.
Compiled by the George A. Fuller Company, reflecting wages and material costs in New York City, originally on a 1909 relative base and converted to a 1913 base.
These costs are based on buildings actually constructed by this company, as follows: Hotel building, built in 1913-14, high-grade, containing 11,500,000 cubic feet; loft office
building, built in 1909, containing 3,647,000 cubic feet: subdivided office building, built in 1909, containing 8,070,000 cubic feet.
5
Compiled by the Engineering News-Record, on the basis of contracts let as reported by this publication and its construction cost index number, based on 1913 costs.
6 Two-month average, May and October, 1919.
7 Data from National Bottle Manufacturers Association, based on reports of identical firms representing approximately 90 per cent of the capacity of the industry.
8
Data from reports of identical firms by the Illuminating Glassware Guild, estimated to represent from 70 to 75 per cent of the capacity of the industry, based on a
normal capacity of 6,000 turns.
9
Data from the Optical Manufacturers Association, representing about 60 per cent of the industry.
IO Twelve months' average, May, 1921-April, 1922.




87
HARDWOOD LUMBER.
Table 40.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

MICHIGAN
HARDWOODS.i

NORTHERN
HARDWOODS.«

MICHIGAN
HARDWOODS.i

NORTHERN
HARDWOODS.*

WALNUT,s

Logs.

Lumber.

Y E A R AND
MONTH.

Production.

Ship- Stocks,
end of
ments. month.

Production.

Production.

Shipments.

Ship- Stocks,
end of
ments. month.

Production.

Shipments. |

Made

into Stocks
p u r .
Ship- Stocks Puron
on
chases. ments. hand. chases. lumber hand.
and
veneer.

Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1017.

B—NUMERICAL D A T A .

A—INDEX NUMBERS.

1913 mo. av..

100
110

1914 mo. av..
1915 m o . a v . .
1916 m o . a v . .
1917 m o . a v . . :

1918 mo.av.. I
1919 m o . a v . . |
1920 m o . a v . .
1921 m o . a v . .

87

100
78
76
67
46

1920.
September..
October
November...
December...

100

* 100

69
75
50
30

*90
*75
8

55
74

Thousands of feet,
log measure.

Thousands of feet, board measure.

100
78
87
103

|
j;
|!
li

28,318 25,390
; 31,034 I 19,911
f 24,755 | 22,067
!
25,296 ! 26,041

'
'

110
103
116
121
101

119 !;27,763 3 1 , 3 9 6 !>223,96l!
21,573 21,576 * 201,053
110
21,119 23,427 * 169,080
131
18,699 15,564 3 122,468
108
12,652
78
9,356 165,984

31,061 j 30,105
29,241 ' 27,813
32,732 33,328
34,206 27,509 i
28,658 19,689

44
38
25
19

54
56
57

113
124
83
82

105
104
62
30

14,263
18,539
14,774
14,343

13,754
11,968
7,874
5,956

119,949
126,437
126,731
140,074

31,903
35,230
23,629
23,329

26,581
26,476
15,679
7,705

30
37
43
63

16,119
16,660
19,837
21,224

7,003
5,168
8,897
6,593

145,861
159,161
162,564
172,757

29,469
38,317
48,279
50,716

7,528
9,493
10,937
15,939

1921.
January
February....
March
April

54
60
71
76

22
16
28
21

65
71
73
77

104
135
170
179

May
June
July
August

60
56
37
34

21
27
26
26

71
81
81
80

162
156
111
66

66
62
77

16,786
15,551
10,160
9,382

6,746
8,450
8,092
8,013

157,938
182,474
182,283
179,029

45,902
44.317
31,530
18,747

16,715
15,723
19,607
21,845

September.
October
November..
December..

25
21
21
31

31
48
55
36

79
74
69
67

29
25
24
52

96
118
145
108

6,815
5,750
5,959
8,586

9,708
15,078
17,195
11,330

177,676
166,369
154,948
150,747

8,196
6,985
6,730
14,709

24,377
29,928
36,799
27,379

54
46
41
48

35
28
29
34

58
55
57

111
94
137
104

102
75
125
107

14,896
12,787
11,478
13,402

10,881
8,647
9,173
10,790

148,631
129,070
123,330
127,966

31,399
23,660
38,698
29,404

25,841
19,059
31,675
27,228

1,325
1,962
2,217
2,260

1,489
1,784
1,840
1,707

6,278
10,496
10,824
11,067

1,113
,951
,619
,269

392
1,270
1,615
1,343

1,398
2,643
2,643
2,923

110
160
162
170

14,479
14,274
12,169
12,575

11,806
10,235
12,444
16,073

130,444
131,136
128,515
121,257

30,932
25,576
21,376
22,522

27,971
40,623
41,228
43,103

2,175
1,960
1,719
1,675

1,535
2,053
2,251
1,852

11,632
11,503
11,314
11,083

,603

1,682

,631

1,487

154

13,057

13,100

122,956

20,412

39,080

1,137

1,535

10,713

1922.

January
February...
March
April
May
June
July
August
September..
October
November...
December...

52

38

58

51

33

59

44

40

57

45

51

54

109
90
75
80

47

42

55

72

,056

1,324

,333

1,399

2,846
2,125
2,072
1,900

1,027

1,045

1,536

i
1

Data on Michigan hardwoods (chiefly maple, birch, basswood, and beech) are actualfiguresreported by about 40 mills each month to the Michigan Hardwood Manufacturers' A ssociation. The number of mills varies from 35 to 62, but 44 is the highest number reporting since the beginning of 1920.
2
8 Quarterly average.
4 Ten months' average.
Compiled by the Northern Hemlock and Hardwood Manufacturers' Association, representing chiefly Wisconsin and upper Michigan mills. Thesefiguresrepresent
actual reports from 60 to 75 mills each month. The hardwoods cut are mostly maple, birch, and beech.
5
Compiled by American Walnut Manufacturers' Association from reports of identicalfirmsrepresenting from 50 to 60 per cent of the walnut lumber industry.




88

PINE LUMBER.
Table 41.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government and non- Government sources,
[Base year in hold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

Pricey
"B"
Stocks, and
(j °~
end of better,
tion. month. Hattiesburg.

i p>
Y E A R AND MONTH.

:

Production.

u

Relative to 1917.

1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..;

Rel. to
1913.

100
87
90
85
89

1OO

147
239
234

85
78
72
62

97
98

87
88

Ship- Stocks, Proend of
ments. month.l1 duction.
i

Relative to 1917.

114

81
68

CALIFORNIA
WHITE PINE.s

WESTERN PINE.2

Y E L L O W PINE.i

1OO
104

99
100

119
66

1OO
92
111

100

70

W j

144
127

89
63

113
121

93

156

54
41

126 1

39
44

Lumber.
Ship- Stocks,!
end of
ments. month.) Pro- Shipduc- ments.
tion.

Relative to 1918.

1OO
89

98

Rel. to
1920.

122

1OO
117
113
91

NORTH
CAROLINA
PINE.5

NORTHERN PINE.*

Lath.

Production.

Shipments.

Shipments.

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1920.

1OO
108
100
139 ;

Production.

1OO
1OO

1OO

1OO

100

85

55

90

155

151
131
56
47

107
72

60
59
66
72

24
32

104

49

127
126
134
109
84

98
88

1OO
93
90

1920.
September
October
November
December

97
96

270
230
202
183

37

163
160
95
42

125

106
122
78

126
159
142

49

140

166

102 !

109
51
53

63 i
[
35
29
)

55
56
65

97
97
82
43

85
67

33
63
71

49
60
62

69

42 i
78 !
146 !
213 \

84

68

55

97
124

175 !
205

79
86

50
62

125
134

181 •
261

91
92

80
94
83

175
93

200
173

38

51

55

63
54
94

45
23

71
58

1921.
January
February
March.
April..
Mav .
June..
July...
August

69
79
71
87

'

95
94
94-

92
87
87
94

89

91

89
92

160
148
139
133

i

22

!

138
141

67
69

102
143

125
127

131
132

83

96
106
96
92

115
122

69
82

66

120 1
117 |
1
113

125
123

112
111

89

140
141

93
95
100
92

86
79

155
184

79
82

206
189

56
33

96
87
75

64
88
101
94

85
88
88
85

182
189
178
180

31
37
59
96

113
118
105
113

81
80
80
81

1S4
198
196

105

September
October
November
December

i-

57
67

20
56

88

75
72

10
11
17

24

135

59
61
72

140
138
128

95
97
84
113

122
143

122

139
151

36
48

120
72

96
132
134

93
74
143 !
138 ;

124
149
153
158

100
128
156
156

155
158
162
160

180
163
166
186

161

190

120
119 i

67
50

109

150

30
48

75
81
106
120

110
103

39
18

91

36

76
75
95
103

143
142
118
108

56
46
86
129

57
51
68
97

147
158
141
147

88
86

116
177
170
250

119
167
127
214

84
130
145

169
163
154
163

117
116
114
130

189
212

200

141
145
125
155

207
197

157 !
171 !
I
214 j
345 i

215

155

121

131

112

160

345

160
136

89

95
115
124
126

115
150
116

;

73
93
102

126

1
1922.
January
February
March
April
May
June. . .
July
August.

:

i
i
!

September
October
November
December

1

'

«n
90
105

14

161

140

i

1
See footnotes on opposite page also.
The figures given for production and stocks of yellow pine are computed from data furnished by the Southern Pine Association. The method of computing is first to
find the per cent which the actual production of the mills reporting is to the normal production of these same mills. This per cent is then applied to the normal production of 192 mills. Assuming that the mills reporting are a good sample of the industry, the resulting figure in each month is equivalent to the actual production ofthe 192
identical mills and hence shows the trend of the industry. The same procedure is followed in the case of stocks. The normal monthly production of the 192 mills is given
" "~~ " ' - " ' — ' t i o n means the average output for the first
1

,
iX_
v
o
A oduction for the mills reporting in each of t h e periods shown.
From these figures the per cent of normal production is obtained in each casej a n d this per cent is applied to the normal production of 54 identical mills. The normal
monthly production of these 54 mills is given as 148,000,000 board feet and is estimated to represent 70 per cent of the output of the western pine territory.
3
Actual figures reported b y about 20 mills each month to the California White and Sugar Pine Association; the number of mills varies from 13 to 26.
4
Northern pine from the Northern Pine Manufacturers' Association, and includes reports from some 24 mills, both member a n d nonmember, located chiefly in

Minnesota.




89
PINE LUMBER.
Table 42.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
YELLOW PINE.i

Stocks,
end of
month.

Price,**
"B"
and
better,
Hattiesburg.

Thousands of feet,
board measure.

CALIFORNIA
WHITE PINE.s

li

Production.

Ship- Stocks,
end
m e n t s . m o n tof .
h

Production.

Shipm e n t s . Stocks.

Produc.
tion.

Lath.

ProShipments, i duction.

Thousands of feet,;
board measure.

Thousands of feet, board measure.

I NORTH CAROI LINA PINE.*

NORTHERN PEVE.<
Lumber.

Per
Mfeet.

Production.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

WESTERN PINE.2

Shipments.

Thousands.

Production.

Thousands of feet, I
board measure. !

1917 mo. av
423,509 1,371,652 | $31.54 113,320 110,423
118,178 | 97,784
52,561 31,900 265,113
1918mo. a v . . . . 368,325 1,116,259 33.76
111,192 I 109,032
937,748 55.00
48,263 37,284
287,645
1919mo.av
380,524
1,187,587 74.53
58,368 36,036 267,276 40,273 50,139
134,467
110,697 |881,924
1920 mo. av
358,031
34,204
39,110 29,114 370,303
27,768
74,437
1921 mo. av
375,438 1,211,174 35.98
76,840 11,063,658

34,230
9,581 ! 6,357 j 33,514
8,669
9,881 j 30,164

1920.
September
October
November
December
1921.
January
February
March
April

,

359,951
329,455
303,606
260,911

1,323,805!
1,342,995
1,332,138;
1,320,649 I

62.22
52.99
46.60
42.21

Shipments.

32,179
29,791
29,052

163,096
144,418
105,805
42,106

997,843
69,220 1,068,509
59,141 1,110,743
45)244 1,105,659

85,439
84,003
49,940
22,013

33,882
38,855
24,766
15,686

337,743
424,852
379,770
373,606

60,911
52,803
22,462
19,056

53,664
36,331
22,594
11,471

15,937
10,467
4,885
5,037

6,458
4,006
2,220
1,812

33,068
33,103
28,042
14,763

27,370
21,525
22,715
18,571

42,793 1,073,594
48,603 1,056,161
63,126 1,027,624
74,453 998,258

3,659
5,482
5,576
8,971

7,554
18,665
19,600
22,922

361,100
372,835
367,371
342,177

24,319
23,722
26,396
29,180

12,087
16,117
18,028
24,040

5,250
5,336
6,217
6,643

2,664
4,947
9,255
13,521

11,221
21,539
24,423
28,693

15,883
19,215
20,020
21,S05

30,273
31,097
26,914
36,150

325,209
382,202
371,804
403,083

42,068
51,035
50,558
54,047

24,790
27,553
24,890
31,209

9,265

11,135
13,051
11,504
16,589

26,999
29,316
3C, 989
31,360

23,604
29,995
32,879
28,553

43,767
33,881
12,275
19,205

39,920
47,327
41,799
25,458

16,795

12,708
10,995
7,635
4,582

32,396
39,347
42,497
43,190

30,758
42,406
42,980
40,530

6,052

5,908
4,717
9,061
8,748

42,490
50,890
52,290
54,180

32,270
41,090
50,050
50,330

10,896
13,574
21,936

52,990
54,250
55,370
54,600

57,890
52,360
53,480
59,930

15,294 ; 21,948

55,230

61,180

291,843
' 334,054
384,300
366,631

1,302,849
1,284,291
1,287,447
1,248,058

31.92
30.71

24,698
22,274
63,126
74,324

May....
June...
July....
August.

387,736
367,357
370,310
396,062

1,223,441
1,225,461
1,256,643
1,225,839

31.78
32.39
32.27
32.52

109,266
119,831
108,354
103,948

73,942
75,868
76,120
90,397

1,015,276
1,072,349
1,103,480
1,120,913

53,423
75,357
68,597
69,240

September
October
November
December

391,948
401,484
423,702
389,832

1,183,042
1,083,311
1,087,727
1,125,979

35.79
. 42.57
47.41
43.57

84,984
82.144
63,155
37.145

91,996
105,780
96,496
82,505

1,101,300
1,085,943
1,056,576
1,052,423

58,940
58,348
35,445
26,278

36,543
47,808
37,018
34,827

324,761
427,720
363,698
401,677

1922.
January
February
March
April

396,120
373,626
428,103
397,553

1,172,652
1,200,704
1,208,089
1,159,422

41.96
43.53
40.96
41.35

35,385
41,793
66,509
108,186

82,874
89,272
116,551
132,001

966,705
907,712
823,200
805,870

20,318
9,327
7,290
19,149

24,287
23,893
30,327
32,730

381,316
378,640
314,258
287,452

22,530
18,612
34,783
52,096

28,444
25,565
34,295
48, 416

May....
June
July....
August.

477,898
499,247
446,468
479,138

1,111,878
1,095,580
1,091,060
1,117,534

42.48
45.63
45.22
46.12

160,087
163,816
141,898
175,630

162,776
173,981
155,837
161,840

778,475
758,551
794,040
796,220

60,951
93,099
89,366
131,500

37,878
53,327
40,405
68,128

223,196
347,278
386,171
430,529

68,252
65,662
62,065
65,741

58,428
58,398
57,409
64,980

September
October
November
December

445,258

1,207,900

49.45

176,195

133,116

925,412

52,803

56,363

11,870
11,949
12,854

8,878
3,659
5,311

5,160
9,018
13,430
18,115
20,287
19,880

18, 877

I

See footnotes on opposite page also.
5
Data computed from reports on actual production and shipments as furnished by the North Carolina Pine Associationl Inc.t for mills varying in number from 31 to 56.
The computed figures given are obtained by first determining for a given month the per cent which the actual production is of the normal production of the identical mills
reporting. This per cent is then applied to an arbitrary figure of 70,000,000 board feet which represents the approximate monthly average normal production of the mills,
which reported in 1919. A similar per cent of actual shipments to normal production is applied to the same figure to obtain the computed shipment figures. The resulting
figures represent a computed production as of identical mills for each month. Thefiguresare of the same order of magnitude as the actual reported production and shipments, but avoid the rather wide variations due to different mills reporting in different months.
6
Data from V. S. Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics and represent average weekly prices for the month. The 1913 monthly average on which the index
numbers are based, is $23.04 per thousand feet.




90

LUMBER—MISCELLANEOUS SPECIES.
Table 43.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
MICHIGAN
SOFTWOODS.3

D O U G L A S FIR.i

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Price,*
No. 1,
comShipmon,
ments. State of
Washington.
l

Relative to 1917.

1909-1913 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly average
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..

1920.
September.
October
November..
December..

Rel. to
1913.

Production.

NORTHERN
HEMLOCK.*

Ship- Stocks,
end of
ments. month.

Production.

Shipments.

Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1917.

100

CALIFORNIA
REDWOOD. 5

TOTAL
LUMBER.

Production.e

Exports:
Boards,
planks,
joists,
etcJ

Rel. to
1913.

Rel. to
5-yr. av.

100
96
95
103
97

Production.

100
121
84
53
51
48

100
139
106
102

85
94
94
80

48
71
72
56

104
108
124
61

128
148
72
36

97

76
72
56
56

56

Shipments.

Orders
received.

Relative to 1918.

100
100
82
84
94

100
89
95
98
91

89
80
72
46

104
102
53

100
97
118
106

75
73
57
46

56
49
40
25

132
122
139
84

100

1OO

113
172

1OO

100

2 100

107
107
109
85

112
110
104
92

198
276
325
129

67
65
53
39

74
72

«69
»50

37

a 52

40

70

108
107

93
97
85
77

277
266
179
179

78
57
40
33

35
31
21
12

56

168
136
136
136

31
46
55

10
13
27
24

70
72
75
76

50
46
42
45

16
24
31
47

55
60
116
93

105
108

29
63
119
106

60
62

100 I
113 j
124 |
100

80
60

1921.
January...
February..
March
April

47
57
73
80

56

May....
June
July....
August.

92
91
78
94

111
97
83
113

125
125
125
114

55
46
27
37

37
50
34
41

76
75
71
74

52
60
60
61

50
61
44
59

122
108
86
129

81
77
77
119

98
79
47
116

September..
October
November..
December..

97
107
105
99

98
113
97

114
114
125
125

31
26
48
31

62
74
64
41

71
63
60
61

42
31
32
26

70
94
80
47

113
113
135
105

105
117
171
117

121
155
197
105

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

100
116
115
121

102
107
114
136

125
136
124
125

26
18
24
51

32
34
34
46

56
51
48
47

55
35
54
66

38
33
58
60

100
87
130
126

120
132
156
126

139
135
. 169
147

85
84
95
96

83
71
90
74

May....
June
July....
August.

133
140
136
136

151
160
138
133

147
147
158
179

57
72
51
63

54
48
43
50

46
47
58
43

72
90
77

108
85
81

133
105
132

184
163
105
149

218
147
110

114
120
109
117

76
85
65

September..
October
November..
December..

137

129

212

63

53

50

67

126

154

134

64

79
80

48
37
41
54
45
60
60

87

87

59

56
69
62
85

See footnotes on opposite page also.
The figures of production and shipments of Douglas fir were obtained by applying the percentage figures of actual production and shipments to normal production
of reporting mills as supplied by the West Coast Lumbermen's Association to the actual production of 124 mills for May, 1920. The production in that month was
447,654,540 board feet.
2
Data from U. S. Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and represent average weekly prices for the month.
3
Data on Michigan softwoods (chiefly hemlock) are actual figures reported by about 40 mills each month to the Michigan Hardwood Manufacturers' Association. The
number of mills vanes from 35 to 62, but 44 is the highest number reporting since the beginning of 1920.
* Compiled by the Northern Hemlock and Hardwood Manufacturers1 Association, representing chiefly Wisconsin and upper Michigan mills, from actual reports of from
60 to 75 mills each month.
1




91
LUMBER—MISCELLANEOUS
Table 44.—NUMERICAL

SPECIES.

DATA.

From Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

Shipments.

Price,*
No. 1,
common,
State of
Washington.

Thousands of feet,
board measure.

Per
M feet.

Production.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

1909 1913 mo. average.
1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

Production.

Shipments.

Stocks,
end of
month.

Production.

Shipments.

CALIFORNIA
REDWOOD.*

Production.

Shipments.

TOTAL LUMBER.

Orders
received.

Exports:
Produc-

ff
etc.?

Thousands of feet, board measure.

'178,388
2,197,334 I 216,066
2,102,537 149,145
93,959
2,086,531
91,216
2,262,175

37,664 36,442 j
37,603 ! 32,339 \
30,718 ; 34,653 j
31,798 | 35,659 |

$9. 208
7.917
7.875
10. 375

average..j 3 4 9 , 1 6 5 323,201
average.. j 375,128
361,251
average.. | 374,680
355,432
380,850
335,735
average..
average..
297,737
298,505

1920.

NORTHERN
HEMLOCK.*

MICHIGAN
SOFTWOODS.3

DOUGLAS FIR.*

15. 875
18.250
25.417
29. 917
11.833

17,288
11,661
11,294
9,207
6,658

17,741 *106,216
13,200
12,857
6,494
7,034

* 84,180
* 52,994
3 55,518
74,724

35,327
33,643
30,056
27,290
17,184

33,169
37,974 3 7 , 4 6 0
37,051 | 36,336
19,431
44,243
18,927
39,618

28,470
32,116
35,212
28,441

28,844
40,082
30,717
29,472

2,141,144
1,874,419
2,069,522
2,059,875
1,762,264

85,220
85,452
109,268
129,227
100,587

I
300,371
314,696
274,407
247.996

25.500
24.500
16.500
16.500

13,549
9,895
6,830
5,666

6,274
5,566
3,702
2,095

59,580
63,992
66,230
73,227

28,280
27,333
21,590
17,294

20,449
17,991
14,574
9,065

49,333
45,785
52,158
31,403

29,618
30,748
35,378
17,235

36,845
42,690
20,640
10,243

2,132,601
2,028,064
1,749,753
1,326,679

135,983
128,187

I

376,471
372,890
340,659
249,339

j

163,391
213,527
253,368
277,989

182,192
205,470
277,989
315,591

15.500
12.500
12.500
12.500

4,842
5,380
7,974
9,457

1,729
2,333
4,773
4,324

74,772
76,563
79,568
80,587

18,979
17,183
15,709
17,101

5,930
8,584
11,302
17,059

20,768
33,607
43,496
35,002

17,821
16,940
30,002
30,635

8,480
18,08y
34,248
27,867

1,221,402
1,453,379
1,731,420
1,757,943

86,182
66,342
73,180
96,558

May....
June
July....
August.

320,515
316,039
273,064
329,020

358,565 j
314,248 i
267,245
363,937

11.500
11.500
11.500
10.500

9,559
8,021
4,752 |
6,363 i

6,568
8,823
6,006
7,217

80,728
80,129
75.722
78,229

19,638
22,740
22,444
22,883

18,234
22,376
16,107
21,356

45,799
40,539
32,334
48,748

23,051
21,786
21,935
33,797

28,394
22,817
13,682
33,417

1,948,155
1,926,225
1,794,298
1,919,598

79,665
106,862
106,388
105,848

September..
October
November..
December..

337,973
374,681
366,646
346,634

316,486
366,176
312,477
301,688

10.500
10.500
11.500
11.500

5,403 !
4,519
8,245 i
5,386 i

11,048
13,086
11,277
7,219

75,431
66,576
63,677
64,703

15,705
11,782
12,091
9,953

25,544
34,296
29,259
17,076

42,721
42,423
50,489
39,490

29,817
33,417
48,814
33,280

35,024
44,599
56,820
30,235

1,824,442
1,888,226
1,916,251
1,765,825

100,585
123,264
110,902
151,268

January
February
March
April

350,081
403,802
402,459
422,157

330,831
346,500
367,988
439,169

11.500
12.500
11.500
11.500

4,575
3,117
4,211
8,893

!
j
j
|

5,720
6,083
6,103
8,157

59,475
54,605
50,752
49,716

20,633
13,368
20,290
24,793

13,867
11,931
21,051
21,913

37,386
32,648
48,884
47,099

34,057
37,536
44,507
35,888

40,067
38,841
48,604
42,479

1,865,240
1,837,104
2,078,404
2,103,965

148,675
125,973
159,869
132,807

May....
June
July....
August.

464,686
488,861
476,199
475,878

487,518 |
518,407
445,625
430,215

13.500
13.500
14.500
16.500

9,832
12,406
8,846
10,863

j
I
|
;

9,546
8,563
7,563
8,882

48,807
50,137
61,475
45,798

27,187
33,879
28,857
26,112

35,630
39,240
30,971
29,570

63,162
49,736
39,296
49,335

52,378
46,363
29,968
42,517

62,945
42,412
31,616
48,661

2,497,962
2,641,883
2,399,556
2,574,588

135,953
152,379
115,858
123,233

September..
October....
November..
December..

477,222

415,442 j 19.500

10,901 ;

9,345

53,607

25,073

32,333

47,312

43,903

38,509

September
October
November
December
1921.
January
February
March
April

100,496

1922

106,943

See footnotes on opposite page also.
The California Redwood A ssociation has furnished to the Bu
for each month of 1918,1919, and 1920. These 7 mills represent 40 pe: ..
„.._....
•"
"'
•
. . „ - . •
. .
available from 11 mills represent^
,--„-,--,I the basis of 40 per cent capacitv of
o
x
r
o-_
the 1918 average monthly production of all mills is computed as 37,460,000 feet. Regarding this as normal production, there has been computed the probable production
of the total redwood capacitv based on the proportion which the capacity of the reporting mills bears to the total of all mills. The columns on shipments and orders received
represent a similar relationship between the actual reported figures and the total capacity of all mills.
6
Figures in this column represent the total cut of 10 species oflumber—yellow pine, Douglas fir, hemlock, western pine, maple, redwood, birch, beech, white fir and
sugar pine—representing over 70 per cent of the total cut of lumber in the United States. Annual figures for 1913 and 1914 are from actual reports to the U.S. Department
of A gricutture, Forest Service, and from 1915 through 1920 are computed on the basis of actual reports to the Forest Service. Monthly figures for 1920 are obtained by prorating the cut of each species as reported by the associations whose figures are carried in these columns to the Forest Service totals. For subsequent months prorating is
done on an approximate average for the years 1917 to 1920.
7
Exports of lumber are from IT. S. department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
5




92
FLOORING AND NAVAL STORES.
Table 45.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From commercial and trade sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
MAPLE FLOORING.

OAK FLOORING.

TURPENTINE.*

ROSIN.*

Unfilled
Unfilled
Orders Stocks, orders, Net re- Stocks Net re- Stocks
Produc- Ship- Stocks, Orders orders, Produc- Shipend of
end of
tion.
ments. booked. month. end of (3ceipts (3 ports). ceipts (3 ports. ^
tion.
ments. month. booked. end of
ports).
(3 ports).
month.
month.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Relative to 1919.
1909-1913 mo. av.
1913 monthly a v . . .
1914 monthly av

R e l a t i v e t o 1913.

R e l a t i v e t o 1919-20.2

i

71

76

77

131

85

1OO

1OO

100

1OO

1OO

112

114

122

183

80

174

138

148

156

232

98

150

192

165

143

1916 monthly av

173

191

187

250

210

173

240

166

170

1917 monthly a v . . .
1918 monthly av
1919monthly a v . . .
1920monthly a v . . .
1921 monthly a v . . .

167

174

147

277

288

151

358

143

168

73

92

78

294

109

84

383

83

141

1OO

151

184

193

160

207

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

j

100
103
83

1OO

1OO

1OO

70

103

36

70

161

130

104

258

178

143

109

123

104

69

199

63

27

186

226

230

375

161

141

149

128

164

110

52

125

22

38

108

83

66

361

74

211

143

173

92

107 «

53

154

17

26

112

78

62

383

73

181

160

146

102

1920.
September
October
November
December...

87

19

19

110

92

77

409

55

157

158

148

129

196

19

15

94

76

44

425

59

138

172

137

156

36

200

30

13

64

70

85

444

50

59

166

65

162

47

42

198

42

16

83

99

88

443

56

36

134

46

165

81

62

203

51

17

127

174

209

444

51

55

94

33

151

74

57

206

61

21

153

199

229

413

84

92

91

52

157

83

67

206

72

25

189

211

194

397

127

169

124

104

163

90

. .

178

33

53

69

209

57

27

204

229

200

418

153

220

119

141

160

66

209

49

23

193

212

180

391

138

239

157

157

175

84

#

39

67

1921.
January .
February
March.
April.
. .
Mav
June
July
August

150

80

202

75

28

235

261

250

393

134

222

170

162

171

..

75

May
June
July
August

223

280

273

371

132

192

179

154

169

244

353

451

153

163

325

290

161

76

200

49

36

262

301

389
214

187
206

140

254

308
232

287

94

38
46

242

288

151

215

171
203

160
175

72

216

50

32

289

249

223

305

293

46

172

109

171

67

222

57

31

259

274

263

321

288

21

107

69

156

92

89

218

84

37

305

378

3S5

312

344

22

62

79

147

91

90

208

98

47

298

370

491

296

462

86

36

104

133

100

115

186

135

66

328

420

501

261

557

188

15

166

131

118

121

173

98

69

352

477

401

225

35

180

149

109

159

78

65

361

404

350

230

530
492

205

104




28

105
102

92

September
October
November
December

68

185
184

110

1

1S7

93

117

1922.
January
February
March
April

80

108
113

October
November.
December

212

53

176

160

130

118

151

84

59

415

450

425

234

513

225

83

190

171

125

107

150

85

58

358

427

360

235

496

196

95

180

175

i
•

See footnotes on opposite page.

93

FLOORING AND NAVAL STORES.
Table 46.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
I;

MAPLE FLOORING.

TURPENTINES ||

OAK FLOORING.

ROSIN.*

i

Unfilled
Unfilled
Net
Net
Produc- Ship- Stocks, Orders orders, Produc- Ship- Orders Stocks, orders receipts Stocks receipts Stocks
end of
end of
tion. ments. month. booked. end of
tion. ments. booked. month. end of (3 ports). (3 ports). (3 ports). (3 ports).
month.
month.

Y E A R AND
MONTH.

Thousands of fee t, board measure.
4,572

1909-1913 mo. av.
1913 monthly a v .
1914 monthly* a v .
1915 monthly a v .
1916 monthly a v .

6,675
7,464
9,205
11,563

I
1917 monthly av
1918 monthly a v . .
1919monthly a v . . 10,039 1 1 , 8 4 8 I 15,448
1920 monthly a v . .
8,259 I 15,963
10,383 |
1921 monthly a v . .
8,121
8,378 !
30,749
1920.
September
October
November
December

!
!
j
'
\

4,572
6,009
6,877
8,894
11,470

Barrels.
| 4,719
I 6,104
! 7,419
i
9,525
11,429

11,780
16,500
20,900
22,500

6,1(10
7,250
5,800
7,100
15,250

9,000

26,494
22,807
26,312

59,721
74,513

83,914
92,260
93,023

275,273
325,956

23,034
12,736

111,396
119,138

80,202
46,423

322,345
270,594

15,240

31,092

21,869
21,436

34,013
46,315

68,983
71,835

200,226
314,974

10,446
5,537
11,070 ,
7,800
13,586

8,956
4,781
11,782
6,343
14,058

24,900
26,500
14,433
23,237
33,729

20,900
7,900
15,038
12,902
11,649

4,979
4,711
5,509
4,562

4,019
3,785
4,695
2,694

32,534
34,476
36,850
38,257

5,331
5,311
3,997
4,287

32,162
44,396
27,640
49,885
23,893 i 49,209
20,974
53,356

96,591
81,712
82,877
76,738

176,612
195,837
247,253
300,315

4,269 4,182
5,508 I 5,966
8,464 j 10,474
10,222 j 11,981

5,217
5,355
12,742
14,002

39,949
39,843
39,998
37,213

3,620
4,095
3,666
6,111 '

8,919
5,455
8,430
14,055

51,563
41,755
29,299
28,412

36,234
25,935
18,507
29,356

310,905
316,440
289,971
301,713

25,768
33,468
36,435
33,773

38,418 I
36,949
48,775 ]
52,861 |

58,293
78,883
88,097
90,430

312,507
308,341
335,674
328,907

55,509 | 86,008
58,066 | 78,115
63,913 ' 95,501
113,524
66,965

324,486
313,901
307,496
336,680

11,120
4,858

14,163
5,106
8,991

38,289
26,723 i

10,745

10,176 I

12,411

10,101

7,200
7,499

55,937 192,287

11,027
10,782
8,707
6,693

6,135
6,274
4,634
3,928

19,306
23,807
27,520
30,255

3,079
2,456
2,632
2,736

14,726 |
9,790 '
7,266
5,570

January
February...
March
April

5,289
4,754
8,101
7,479

4,250
4,963
7,300
6,741

30,886
30,620
31,314
31,896

4,299
5,947
7,253
8,630

5,113
6,112
6,392 '
8,150

May....
June
July....
August.

8,311
9,038
7,721
8,438

7,963
8,234
7,813
9,469

31,896
32,271
32,268
31,180

10,162
8,100
6,968
10,564

9,897
10,311
8,961
10,541

12,609
12,702
13,636 ' 13,767
12,895
12,737
15,717 ; 15,670

11,869
12,186
10,996
15,256

35,764
37,588
35,201
35,352

9,240
11,095
9,969
9,722

September
October
November
December

7,510
10,851
11,329
11,713

9,472
11,066
11,141
9,042

28,893
28,516
28,383
30,865

9,632
14,S97
14,517
6,927

10,868
14,900 ; 16,837
14,597
16,266 | 21,209
17,481 | 16,933 ' 19,544
13,894 j 17,510
18,065

16,667
27,559
23,771
13,070

33,415
27,742
20,922
21,763

29,204
9,552
20,808 : 23,328
24,551
21,022
23,070
20,888

1922.
January
February
March
April

11,024
9,274
9,218
9,093

8,533
7,947
10,548
10,631

33,329
34,248
33,632
32,174

7,051
8,105
11,923
13,853

12,226 I
11,818
14,282
17,839

19,262
17,282
20,367
19,892

14,970
16,455
22,690
22,227

13,606
16,063
23,479
29,951

27,467
28,856
28,090
26,615

21,330
20,907
24,935
33,501

7,054
3,240
3,301
13,139

53,423
33,204
19,280
ll,0Sl

61,209
3S,533
44,069
58,015

327,932
299,305
282,428
255,326

May
June
July
August

10,701
11,866
10,434
13,047

13,606
14,280
12,956
14,002

28,793
26,719
24,52S
23,272

19,076
13,920
11,078
11,950

25,098
26,330
25,076
22,668

21,914
23,495
24,082
27,669

25,251
28,646
24,261
27,037

30,608
24,472
21,340
25,971

23,534
20,245
20,712
21,054

40,417
38,434
35,637
37,173

28,659
31,306
32,306
34,346

93,019
4,601
100,556
10,731
16,491
98,368
25,849 i 106,008

251,823
287,138
308,027
329,268

12.518

12?705

23,111 i 12,093

22,397 | 23,903
!

25,672

21,991

20,120

35,957 ; 29,797

29,601 | 100,522

335,702

7,368 j
6,251

1921.

September
October
November
December

;

'

1
Data on maple flooring (including also birch and beech) are from reports of 20 identical mills to the Maple Flooring Manufacturers' Association, said to represent
about 70 per cent of the industry; data on oakflooringfrom reports of the Oak Flooring Manufacturers' Association, by 25 mills, said to represent about 90 per cent of the
total oakflooringindustry; receipts and stocks at end of month of turpentine and rosin at Jacksonville, Savannah, and Pensacola compiled from reports of Savannah
Board of Trade, Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce, Pensacola Chamber of Commerce, a n d the Naval Stores Review.
2
Monthly averages for years refer t o seasons beginning April 1.




94
BRICK.
Table 47.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
CLAY FIRE BRICK.*

YEAR AND MONTH.

Common
Stocks
brick,
in
Produc- Ship- Stocks. New Unfilled Produc- Ship- Stocks. Produc- sheds Unfilled Ship- salmon,
tion. ments.
tion. ments.
tion.
orders. ments. run of
orders. orders.
and
kiln,
kilns.
Chicago.
Relative

Relative to 1919.

1918 monthly av...
1919 monthly av...
1920monthly av...
1921 monthly av...

to 1920
(lOmos.)

|l

1913 monthly av...
1914 monthly av.
1915 monthly av.
1916 monthly av...
1917 monthly av...

100

79

5 100
86

151
181
232
189

90
86
84
81

91
90
75
59

140
162
154
163

79
60
43
33

104
96
47
31

246
251
249
251

240
251
251
259

58
40
34
30

89
98
108
106

39
34
41
63

173
173
155
137

33
33
36
41

27
36
75
78

229
227
235
186

251
251
248
229

17
28
13
27

37
18
22
27

99
103
99
100

84
91
96
118

136
133
138
160

48
49
49
55

94
106
102
128

177
170
172
172

221
221
225
225

29
27
28
25

33
32
33
34

28
34
38
52

101
101
99
93

91
104
101
85

141
157
159
181

47
44
42
40

108
118
87
71

171
174
175
181

232
229
229
221

61
70
84
89

25
32
34
42

47
47
65
70

59
52
56
75

87
86
88
87

56
51
93
104

173
170
176
162

37
52
69
81

46
57
117
146

170
170
173
173

232
255
248
255

110
111
114
117

99
112
108
102

48
61
72
79

87
82
81
69

76
76
89
83

91
93
90
86

121
132
116
104

136
133
123
102

102
104
105
88

174
175
156

177
178
186

144

177

302
307
307
290

113

116

85

91

81

89

114

113

94

135

178

255

1OO
120
45

1OO
195
38

1OO
106
40

1OO
111
40

100
103
107

j 100

118
120
120
121

140
144
128
111

86
78
75
79

118
109
50
48

199
181
140
106

88
110
116
97

131
122
122
107

105
81
83
52

90
70
63
51

85
89
97
97

39
40
33
38

76
60
45
38

77
66
63
24

May
June
July
August

49
53
43
52

45
43
43
52

99
103
103
103

41
44
33
47

36
37
32
29

September
October
December

49
60
63
67

51
63
58
60

102
100
102
105

50
59
58
54

1922.
January
February
March
April

59
68
84
82

62
59
76
76

100
106
107
108

92
95
93
102

87
90
91
97

96

104

. .

1921.
January..
February ..
March
April

May.
June.
July
August
September
October
November
December

182
243
333
232

100
134
43

1OO
93
99

NovftTnhflr

1OO
84
92
122
135

100
140
153

1OO
123
57

1920.
September
October

Common
brick,
red,
New
York.

Relative to 1913.
100
99
97
97

100
120
63

December

WHOLESALE
PRICES.

FACE BRICK.*

SILICA BRICK.'

100

!

1
See footnotes on opposite page also.
1 Except wholesale prices, monthly averages, from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. The sources of the other data in this table are: Clayfireand
7
silica brick from the Refractories Manufacturers Association and face brick from the American Face Brick Associotvyn.
2
Figures for 1921 are from reports of 68 identical mills with a monthly capacity of 78,645,942 bricks, which is estimated by the association to represent from 68 to 70 per
cent of the total clay fire brick capacity of the United States. Figures for 1919, 1920, and 1922 are computed to this capacity, respectively, from reports from 53, 56, and
60 mills having a monthly capacity for the years in question of 71,572,186, 73,526,103, and 73,307,190 bricks.




95

BRICK.
Table 48.—ffTTMEBICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
!

SILICA BRICK.3

Production.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

ShipNew Unfilled
ments. Stocks. orders. orders.

Shipments. Stocks.

Thousands of bricks.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average.
average. 50,727 50,648 138,810 I 51,434 93,746
average. 60,715 ; 62,438 129,235 61,809
182,513
136,967 22,958
average. 32,029 i 29,114
35,976

Common ComStocks
brick, mon
in
Unfilled Ship- salmon, brick,
sheds orders. ments. run of
red,
and
New
kiln,
kilns.
York.
Chicago.

Production.

Per thousand.

Thousands of bricks.

average.'
average. I
average.!
average
average.

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

WHOLESALE
PRICES.

FACE BRICK.*
Number of mills
reporting.

CLAY F I R E BRICK.2

84.94 $6.56
5.53
4.87
6.05
4.78
8.04
4.78
8.89
4.95
14,062 14,008 41,750
14,904 ' 15,580 42,911
5,595 , 5,552 44,592

45,184 j 89,119 | 86,279
45,120 ' 124,471 j 115,696 '32,412 |;
35,681 I 136,754 ; 37,059 27,851 I;

7.45
8.95
11.44
9.33

11.93
15.96
21.85
15.25

12.16
12.40
12.31
12.40

15.77
16.50
16.50
17.00

1920.
12,342
15,428
16,356
13,653

186,863
169,954
130,867
99,408

;
|
i
i

18,322
17,066
17,039
14,963

37,409
35,770
35,088
33,750

99 ! 41,221
105 | 40,673
96 ! 33,695
96 26,437

124,957
144,518
137,479
145,576

68,075
51,769
36,873
28,783

10,866
9,319
8,927
3,326

j 8,066
| 5,583
| 4,763
j 4,156

37,035
40,771
44,934
44,104

106 | 17,833
99 15,314
101 j 18,611
96 i 28,603

154,092
154,156
137,994
122,041

28,392
28,425
30,668
35,187

11,628
24,463
25,282

11.31
11.21
11.58
9.17

16.50
16.50
16.25
15.00

121,185
118,192
122,671
142,178

41,298
42,476
42,261
47,050

30,474
34,266
33,189
41,609

8.74
8.41
8.49
8.51

14.50
14.50
14.75
14.75

41,066 125,850
47,086 j 139,595
45,582 I 142,135
38,444 160,961

40,387
37,919
35,891
34,755

!
!
|
|
I
34,848 |
38,315
28,280
23,151

8.46
8.57
8.63
8.93

15.25
15.00
15.50
14.50

25,331
22,926
42,133
46,767 |

31,799
44,513
59,852
69,638

14,902
18,392
37,991
47,326

8.40
8.38
8.55
8.52

15.23
16.75
16.25
16.75

87,626
89,860
90,678
75,825

56,433
56,762
50,579
46,710

8.73
8.78
9.16
8.72

19.81
20.15
20.15
19.00

September
October
November
December

59,614
61,108
61,029
61,187

70,781
72,826
64,726
56,153

119,463 I 60,479
107,745 | 55,917
104,049 25,717
109,161 24,616

1921.
January
February
March
April

53,244
41,298
42,284
26,527

45,377
35,674
31,923
25,791

118,290
123,914
134,275
135,011

19,954
20,811
17,196
19,499

71,428
56,565
41,839
35,546

24,958
' 26,967
! 21,909
26,189

22,791
21,862
21,587
26,485

137,178 21,075
142,283 j 22,397
142,604 ! 16,851
142,308 | 24,190

33,830
34,365
29,629
27,334

2,442
3,879
1,847
3,836 |

5,161
2,455
3,150
3,752 j

41,385
42,809
41,507
41,591

92
88
94
97

September.
October
November..
December..

24,641
30,409
31,921
34,000

25,931
32,115
29,230
30,596

141,017
139,311
142,002
145,406

25,512
30,133
29,964
27,915

27,033
25,149
25,883
23,108

4,633
4,554
4,572
4,754

3,883
4,806
5,282
7,321

42,341
42,089
41,379
38,812

84
90
94
97

1922.
January
February
March
April

30,121
34,683
42,626
41,446

31,301
30,043
38,694
38,458

138,574
146,911
149,034
150,292

31,222
35,941
43,098
45,851

23,751
30,357
31,537
39,402

6,581
6,663
9,120
9,830

8,246
7,263
7,837
10,485

36,344
35,743
36,944
36,316

May
June
July....
August..

46,794 \ 44,120
48,367
45,772
47,266 ; 45,851
51,828
49,075

45,300
152,259 51,041
56,861
153,517 57,805
158,236 i 55,681 I 67,557
162,876 52,300 i 74,399

12,233
11,578
11,332
9,666

10,704
10,676
12,533
11,687

37,845
38,747
37,572 I
35,743

May...
June
July
August

September
October
November
December

j 48,839
;

52,693

156,899 I 59,771 I

i
;
|
|
|
j
|

79,511 || 12,861

11,332 ; 37,108

i

37,734
41,303
43,188
53,410

154,285
151,769
156,906
144,223

81 ! 54,867
81 : 59,756
82 ' 52,408
74 ! 46,849

121,540
118,756
109,545
91,339

51,674

100,559

77

;
|
I
;

33, 575
31, 127
15, 092
10,170

704

43,621

16.75

!

I
See footnotes on opposite page also.

8
Figures for 1921 are from reports of 15 identical mills with a monthly capacity of 27,305,500 bricks, which is estimated by the association to represent from 78 to 80 per
ent of the total silica brick producing capacity of the United States. Figures for earlier years are computed t< this capacity *
*
Lted to * '
from reports of 12 identical mills with a monthly
capacity of 25,448,833 bricks.
* The figures on face brick include data from all firms reporting to the Americon F"ce Brick Association each month, The variation in the number of firms reporting
does not materially affect the comparison, as it has been checked on a small n umber of identical firms.

& Ten months^averaee.




96

SANITARY WARE.
Table 49.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
ENAMELED WARE

LAVATORIES.

BATHS.

SINKS.

!

SANITARY
POT- !
TERY.2 ;

MISCELLANEOUS.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Orders
shipped.

Stocks.

Orders
received.

Orders
shipped.

Stocks.

Orders
received.

Orders
shipped.

Stocks.

Orders
received.

Orders
shipped.

Stocks.

Orders I
re- J
ceived.

Orders
received.

:

Relative to 1919.
1913 mo. av

115

104

98

Ill

1914 mo. av
1915 mo. av

123

108

106

122

136
148
96

122

1916 mo. av
1917 mo. a v . .

:

129

103

143

136

144

98

89

78

56
100

144

31

71

95

47

61

1919 mo. av

1OO

1OQ

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1920 mo. av

149

50

53

112

31

73

110

1921 mo. av

120

179

59

127

78

77

122

1930.
September..

178

29

36

117

22

59

110

October

181

33

30

120

83

120

November...
December

156

61

22

131

21
27

136

82

138

12

125

32

33
27

65

214

23

102

49

71

280

30

136

59

1918 mo. av

1921.
January
February
March
April

116
100
53
89

40

82

1OO

100

65

109

73

119

38

44

127

34

45

141

39

31

111

50

65

75

65

96

|

96
100
59
112

61

76

100
34
43

49

38

57

21

110

51
41
51

35

12

25

103

63

26

7

64

54

104

82

54

16

78

50

98

101

52

21

1OO
66

78

301

42

129

84

73

128

86

68

129

118

78

32

100

271

47

129

84

67

123

85

69

130

121

71

32

101

236

51

114

84

63

124

84

72

103

115

68

32

118

202

63

123

87

74

123

88

78

115

117

84

33

142

154

68

124

9o

83

121

94

69

117

120

70

44

163.

116

89

135

92

87

134

103

81

125

132

88

42

September

157

75

82

145

85

92

134

102

88

131

118

92

53

October

183

71

89

169

67

111

170

85

110

154

103

108

67

November
December .

148

96

59

120

72

70

130

91

71

117

101

75

54

112

126

60

99

80

68

105

106

71

97

115

71

85

140

127

84

138

73

109

135

103

96

137

104

130

124

152

135

70

154

73

93

135

103

81

125

101

84

52

189

167

91

199

90

130

166

122

108

158

108

115

52

226

143

154

222

75

188

181

107

160

174

107

153

81

y
May
T
June
July
August

237

113

215

235

56

262

200

82

222

178

97

238

90

184

224

49

221

197

66

189

171

83

192
177

97

204

71

142

184

45

151

160

56

141

142

129

54

118

206

42

134

174

47

117

150

79
74

147

227

135

171

September
October
November
December . .

219

50

114

193

38

135

166

46

128

167

63

138

205

May
June...
July.. .
August

1922.
January
February
March
April




. l
l

l
See footnotes on opposite page.

95

97
SANITARY WARE.
Table 50.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
ENAMELED WARE;
BATHS.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

LAVATORIES.

SINKS.

Orders
Orders
Orders
Orders
shipped. Stocks. received. I shipped. Stocks. received.

MISCELLANEOUS.

Orders
Orders
Orders
Orders
Orders
shipped. Stocks. received. shipped. Stocks. received. received.
Pieces
per kiln.

Number.

I

j
|
'i
jj
!!
!j

47,754
49,527
55,769
65,230
44,888

31,555
34,655
29,367
40,887
22,201

mo.
mo.
mo.
mo.
mo.

av..
av..
av..
av..
av..

39,831
42,450
46,977
51,181
33,172

1918
1919
1920
1921

mo.
mo.
mo.
mo.

av..
av..
av..
av..

19,495
34,608
51,441
41,510

60,530
42,175
20,951
75,324

21,514
69,872
36,774
40,911

32,697
45,768
51,438
58,169

132,369
139,751
43,302
109,318

34,322
73,612
53,438
56,565

33,097
54,584
60,231
66,458

145,329
125,814
66,333
111,764

35,089
88,018
57,502
64,577

23,405
28,383
31,062
33,640

77,034
79,869
47,410
89,394

25,427
41,900
27,691
31,803

61,617
62,683
54,008
28,230

12,324
14,024
25,929
58,221

24,950
21,298
15,558
8,119

53,708
54,934
59,994
57,221

30,262
29,985
37,291
45,291

43,196
60,849
24,009
19,560

60,097
65,728
74,030
60,444

47,643
42,733
48,787
63,453

38,357
39,209
27,049
22,208

36,114
39,948
31,125
29,272

40,463
32,835
40,671
50,440

20,655
23,824
14,685
11,045

165
90
50
30

1921.
January
February..
March
April

22,444
24,499
27,157
34,573

90,303
118,205
127,128
114,391

16,340
21,302
29,460
32,625

46,811
62,097
59,263
59,140

69,052
82,501
117,204
117,750

47,846
48,022
53,481
49,060

40,979
52,181
69,623
67,141

80,752
97,924
107,730
106,862

47,243
44,442
59,456
61,120

29,494
27,738
36,737
37,020

65,831
80,533
94,389
96,524

22,553
21,757
32,810
29,571

70
90
139
157

May....
June
July
August.,

35,011
40,933
49,314
56,515

99,525
85,062
64,969
49,009

35,717
43,973
47,187
61,861

52,323
56,278
56,733
61,667

117,422
121,969
132,453
128,354

46,686
54,428
61,378
63,882

67,487
66,924
65,861
73,047

105,916
110,776
118,638
129,570

63,250
68,858
60,449
71,191

29,341
32,674
33,155
35,616

91,737
93,365
95,792
105,781

28,661
35,084
29,505
36,788

137
140
189
179

September
October
November
December

54,377
63,217
51,259
38,818

31,474
30,010
40,667
53,140

57,024
62,279
41,173
41,993

66,328
77,293
54,924
45,176

118,272
94,091
100,912
111,834

67,381
81,978
51,677
49,961

73,101
92,820
70,899
57,430

127,822
107,332
114,830
133,014

77,359
97,104
62,228
62,222

37,268
43,792
33,330
27,518

94,134
82,017
80,980
91,643

38,359
45,137
31,537
29,879

227
288
232
367

1922.
January
February..
March
April

48,425
52,575
65,243
78,130

53,422
56,759
70,587
60,260

58,420
49,134
63,815
107,566

63,047
70,654
91,039
101,482

102,190
101,566
126,228
104,543

80,124
68,414
95,891
138,757

73,877
73,660
90,764
98,905

129,586
129,505
152,980
135,071

84,791
71,434
95,137
140,620

38,831
35,446
44,912
49,402

83,242
80,742
86,334
85,528

54,545
35,240
48,062
63,910

535
222
225
347

May....
June
July....
August.

82,100
82,378
70,700
78,435

47,694
37,846
29,756
22,775

150,475
128,876
99,235
82,536

107,708
102,345
84,077
94,219

78,062
68,558
62,349
58,483

192,546
162,788
111,455
98,765

109,377
107,671
87,492
95,235

102,747
82,831
70,789
59,400

195,503
166,095
123,938
102,617

50,644
48,507
40,187
42,634

77,788
66,636
62,981
59,088

80,341
74,159
61,491
56,516

409
419
555
737

September
October
November...
December...

75,766

21,195

79,722

88,161

52,826

99,232

,90,456

58,034

112,951

47,450

49,975

57,813

.

!
!
!
|

53,428
57,789
70,626
74,293
48,419

1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

1920.
September
October
November
December

!
'\
;
!
I

SANITARY
POTTERY. 2

430
145
183

1
Data furnished by the Enameled Sanitary Ware Manufacturers' Association and said to represent approximately 98 per cent of the total output in the United States,
ished by
i explains
The Association explain that orders shipped are the best current index of the industry. Orders received are likely .to. pyramid during periods of great activity to be fol_
„
.
llations
lowed by cancellations if the demand drops off. Stocks always increase during the winter and spring months because more efficient work at the enameling ovens can be
done in cold weather and manufacturers operate at maximum capacity as long as they can finance operations and find storage capacity for the products.
9
Data furnished by Sanitary Potters' Association and include the following articles, with percentages of total orders in 1920: Siphon jets 6.5 per cent, washdowns 54 per
cent, reverse traps 4.3 per cent, small tanks 27.7 per cent, large tanks 5.2 per cent, and lavatories (not reported prior to July, 1920) 2.3 per cent.

15566°—22




7

98
CEMENT AND ABRASIVES.
Table 51.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
ABRASIVE
PAPER AND
CLOTH.3

PORTLAND CEMENT.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Shipments.

Stocks
at end of
periods

Wholesale price,
net,
without Domestic Foreign
sales.
sales.
bags,
Chicago
district.
Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

Production.

Stocks
at end of
period.2

Shipments.

Thousands of barrels.

Per barrel.

11,220
12,773
11,463
8,361
10,354

$1,002

5,923
6,691
8,335
8,191

5,910
7,124
8,026
7,921

10,454
5,257
8,941
10,160

1.67
1.66
1.80
1.54

68,150
73,969
45,948

9,171
11,476
4,280

1.95
1.95
1.95
1.95

70,887
58,084
37,190
25,341

14,246
16,458
10,544
8,061

10,300
11,400
12,000
12,600

1.93
1.72
1.70
1.70

26,436
32,764
41,404
47,538

4,387
3,138
3,393
5,958

9,488
10,577
10,301
12,340

12,450
11,150
10,414
8,280

1.70
1.70
1.70
1.70

46,544
48,671
41,969
51,595

3,963
3,192
4,142
3,879

10,027
10,506
8,921
6,559

11,329
12,114
5,195
3,697

6,953
5,348
9,091
11,938

1.59
1.50
1.50
1.50

54,929
59,904
54,430
45,195

4,540
4,019
5,858
4,896

101

1OO
89
94
118
153

77
87
109
107

80
96
109
107

93
47
80
91

166
166
180
153

1OO
109
67

1OO
125
47

195
195
195
195

104
85
55
37

155
179
115
88

92
102
107
112

193
171
170
170

39
48
61
70

48
34
37
65

4,098
4,379
6,763
8,651

2,539
3,331
6,221
7,919

68
71
62
76

43
35
45
42

9,281
9,296
9,568
10,244

81

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.

1920.
September
October
November
December

Reams.

7,391
7,203
7,241
7,879
7,559

1OO
114
102
75
92

100
96

Foreign
sales.

7,675
7,353
7,160
7,627
7,735

1OO
97
98
107
102

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

Wholesale price,
net,
without Domestic
sales.
bags,
Chicago
district.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

ABRASIVE PAPER
AND CLOTH.3

PORTLAND CEMENT.

.89 !!
.95 |!

1.19 I
1.53

1921.
January
February
March
April

53
57
88
113

34
45
84
107

May.....
June
July
August.

121
121
125
133

128
143
139
167

74

170
170
170
170

September..
October
November..
December..

131
137
116
85

152
164
70
50

62
48
81
106

159
148
148
148

66

50
44
64
53

1922.
January
February
March
April

56
56
87
120

40
44
95
116

119
126
123
129

148
148
148
148

84
87
110
107

60
60
82
84

4,291
4,278
6,685
9,243

2,931
3,285
7,002
8,592

13,316
14,142
13,848
14,470

1.50
1.50
1.50
1.50

57,129
59,418
74,634
72,930

5,521
5,461
7,506
7,745

May....
June
July....
August.

146
147
151
152

172
182
187
194

115
96
75
51

148
158
158
163

112
108
106
114

75
70
105
67

11,176
11,245
11,557
11,664

12,749
13,470
13,850
14,361

12,893
10,718
8,433
5,746

1.50
1.60
1.60
1.64

76,364
73,433
71,923
77,838

6.885
6,421
9,632
6,184

September..
October....
November..
December..

149

168

42

173

117

135

11,424

12,444

4,726

1.75

79,945

12,338

I

I

I

i Data on cement is from the U. S. Department of the Interior, Geological Survey, except prices, which are average of weekly prices reported by the U. S. Department
of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics: data on abrasives compiled by the Abrasive Paver and Cloth Manufacturers7 Exchange.
* Yearly figures represent stocks at end of year, not an average of monthly stocks, except for 1921.
* Data compiled by the Abrasive Paper and Cloth Manufacturers' Exchange estimated to represent 90 per cent of the industry. The totals given include the sales of
garnet, emery, flint, and artificial (silicon, carbide, and aluminous oxide) paper, cloth, and combinations. Figures are stated in equivalent reams, 9 by 11 inches in size.
The data submitted show that in 1919 the total domestic sales were made up of the following approximate percentages: Garnet 39, emery 8, flint 32, and artificial 20 per cent.




99

FLAXSEED AND COTTONSEED.
Table 52.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
FLAXSEED.
DULUTH

MINNEAPOLIS.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

COTTONSEED.

Stocks,
ShipReShip- Stocks.3
Reend of
ceipts.8 ments. 3 Stocks.3 month.
ceipts.2 ments. 2

FLAXSEED.
MINNEAPOLIS.
Receipts.2

Shipments. 2

Relative
to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

COTTONSEED.

DULUTH.

Stocks.3

Receipts.2

Shipments. 2

Stocks.3

Thousands of bushels.

Stocks,
end of
month.
Short tons.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

m. av
m. av
m av
m av
m.av.

100

100

100

100

100

100

943

156

233

1,036

1,099

69

30

98

44

49

75

647

47

228

457

538

54

50

39

47

35

34

512

78

90

487

382

918

79

62

56

58

56

49

741

97

130

596

613

1 360

53

63

83

33

34

31

129

502

98

194

341

377

846

1918
1919
1920
1921

m.av.
m. av.
m. av.
m.av.

56

53

22

33

31

8

96

524

83

52

346

338

208

489,442

61

67

26

18

16

4

100

575

105

60

182

175

119

512,448

59

33

97

40

25

28

58

552

51

226

412

278

758

296,219

50

73

416

35

41

46

71

469

114

970

362

454

1,253

362,999

1,656
1,221
1,460
1,460

1920.
September.
October
November.
December.

69

53

64

51

18

60

27

653

82

150

524

199

157

135

225

96

39

44

95

1,478

211

525

997

424

86

38

296

57

87

53

114

808

59

689

589

960

76

10

445

59

32

53

116

713

16

1,038

611

347

2,751
2,060

661,192

138,418
488,958
587,996

|

593,507
I

1921.
1,182
1,185
1,110

January...
February..
March
April

29

18

507

17

5

57

95

278

28

29

23

509

10

3

60

83

269

36

46

44

476

5

5

59

59

430

68

44

61

418

14

16

59

37

416

95

975

141

177

May
June
July
August

63

47

426

41

66

52

25

598

73

993

422

730

55

51

457

45

46

48

21

519

79

471

501

35

74

494

55

85

33

19

333

116

567

935

921

99 821

37

129

461

28

23

32

24

353

201

1 065
1 150
1,074

1 419
1 319

286

248

881

120,801

September.
October...
November.
December.

172

55

106

32

50

56

1,557
1,639
1,635
1 630

484,832
424,557
302,126
191 813
129 624
108 573

59

126

398

39

28

36

74

559

197

928

399

309

978

390,970

122

108

364

54

79

24

143

1,148

169

848

559

863

654

732,570

41

135

315

76

86

20

149

389

211

733

783

948

545

762,726

36

59

170

37

54

8

121

335

92

395

385

594

227

618,173

32

103

73

11

14

5

82

302

161

151

151

418,349 i

77

58

6

6

5

204

120

66

65

131

256,872

27

55

38

12

12

3

50
21

170
136

116

22

257

86

88

120

127

84

107,058

21

34

22

4

5

6

9

198

53

52

45

52

176

45,970

31

29

29

8

87

1<*7

81

226

28

19 431

14

1

3

114

50

141
94

134

6

51
13

49

12

14
9

5
4

68

22

3
5

45

18
32

13
5

290

24

150

36

13 880

!

39

49

30

2

4

11

368

70

21

47

9

55,995

j

95

112

9

51

17

79

895

21

527

189

334

1922.
January...
February..
March
April
May
June ..
July
August
September.
October..
November.
December .

(4)
12

175

i

1 Except cottonseed stocks at mills from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Data on flaxseed from the Northwestern Miller.
2 Monthly figures are totals of weekly figures with first and last weeks of month prorated.
3 Stocks at end of week nearest the end of the month.
«Index number less than 1.




;
|

23 319 •

403,223 j

100
CHEMICALS—FOREIGN

TRADE.

Table 53.—(A) INDEX NTTMBEBS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
IMPORTS.

Potash.'

EXPORTS.

Nitrate Sulphu- Dyes and
of soda. ric acid. dyestuffs.

EXPORTS.

IMPORTS.

Total
fertilizer.3

Potash.*

Nitrate
of soda.

Sulphuric
acid.

Dyes and
dyestuffs.

YEAR AND MONTH.
Relative to 5-year average 1909-1913.

Long tons.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

Pounds.

|

Total
fertilizer.'

Dollars.

Long tons

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100
86
30
4
4

1OO
105
149
235
298

1OO
179
1,055
903
863

1OO
155
723
2,291
4,639

1OO
83
30
32
28

21,124
18,247
6,304
772
831

43,177
45,143
64,349
101,535
128,601

613,692
1,098.015
6,476,002
5,538,625
5,293,426

828,937
44,749
209,255
662,832
1,342,280

103,391
85,639
30,647
32,747
28,627

4
16
70
41

356
79
255
71

1,090
289
394
174

4,843
4,920
9,339
1,976

18
53
114
72

762
3,357
14,880
8,739

153,766
33,955
110,160
30,767

6,691,220
1,774,627
2,415,922
1,067,934

1,401,492
1,423,7Q3
2,702,388
571,658

18,713
54,509
117,994
74,620

1920.
September
October
November
December

70
79
32
34

259
197
205
168

259
267
328
327

10,780
8,123
7,985
6,975

116
74
102

14,861
16,647
6,843
7,189

111,779
84,844
88,519
72,403

1,589,383
1,639,590
2,012,627
2,004,085

3,119,295
2,350,448
2,310,751
2,018,453

119,614
102,697
76,986
105,716

1921.
January
February
March
April

20
35
40
19

186
68
107
69

310
372
110
219

4,615
1,895
2,480
1,286

103
74
62
64

4,231
7,300
8,496
4,001

80,305
29,532
46,201
29,810

1,903,970
2,285,806
673,314
1,345,096

1,335,531
548,420
717,693
372,033

106,153
76,292
64,408
65,829

May....
June
July....
August.

14
24
16
41

87
88
48
77

128
133
90
177

1,370
2,091
1,535
2,110

53
73
63
52

3,007
5,153
3,378
8,757

37,778
37,847
20,791
33,045

787,647
817,159
553,587
1,083,892

396,524
605,096
444,283
610,666

54,518
75,391
65,399
53,676

September..
October
November..
December..

74
65
81

46
31
36
12

101
225
115
107

1,564
1,665
1,731
1,362

102
61
98
62

14,023
15,735
13,731
17,060

19,646
13,250
15,629
5,365

620,961
1,379,564
705,218
658,995

452,574
481,927
500,918
394,230

105,358
63,259
101,497
63,663

1922.
January
February
March
April

83
98
104
118

22
44
54
69

119
102
163
324

2,271
1,167
1,722
1,194

65
50
64
84

17,591
20,793
21,925
24,883

9,470
19,160
23,452
29,891

728,337
625,631
1,003,128
1,991,368

657,042
337,826
498,274
345,550

67,011
51,656
66,566
87,311

May....
June
July....
August.

60
130
250
115

149
115
73

350
404
169
110

1,061
1,194
1,454
1,604

153
64
56
94

12,585
27,367
52,912
24,288

64,130
49,442
31,307
42,474

2,148,293
2,481,290
1,034,756
672,533

306,938
345,578
420,805
464,273

158,149
66,793
57,854
97,525

42

1,292

54

«52,OS1

258,144

373,727

55,518

1909-1913 monthly av..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..

September..
October
November..
December..




<3,359

I
1

Data compiled by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
* Includes potash imported as chemicals and also the muriate and sulphate used in fertilizers.
3
Largely phosphate rock.
< Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.

101

CHEMICALS—PRODUCTION AND PRICES.
Table 64.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
CONSUMP- STOCKS*
TION.*

PRODUCTIONS

Acetate Wood
Wood,
of
carbonlime. alcohol.
ized.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Wood.

PRODUCTION.!

WHOLESALE PRICES.

Drugs
and
Essenpharmatial
ceutioils.4
cals.3

Crude
drugs.s

Relative to August, 1914.

Relative to 1920.

Chemicals/

Sulphuric
acid
66°
New
York, i

R e l a t i v e t o 1913.

WHOLE
CONSUMP- STOCKS.1 SALE
1
PBICE.
TION.

Acetate
of
lime.

Wood
alcohol.

Wood,
carbonized.

Thousands of
pounds.

Gallons.

IOO

'

'

!

1

2

IOO

2 1OO

2 1OO

100
129
212

169

I
279

39

163

201

100

Dollars
per 100
pounds.

$1.00
1.00
1.30
2.00
1.70

100

200

i

191Smo. av
1919 mo. av
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av

Cords.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 mo. av
1914 mo. av
1915 mo. a v . . . .
1916 mo av
1917 mo. av*

Wood.

Sulphuric
acid
66°
New
YorkJ

213

185

242

95

12,150 635,438

76,028 846,204
32,064
714,302

1.60
1.00
1.12
.91

1OO

1OO

1OO

196

265

202

255

112

46

42

84

129

15S

134

152

91

4,704

291,697

12,870
10,987
10,525
7,798

640,694
589,490
591,184
494,548

77,692
72,331
70,015
60,473

742,903
744,839
808,952
669,592

1.10
1.10
1.08
.93

6,243
5,971
5,381
3,162

448,831
407,363
407,143
234,835

53,192
44,527
43,640
26,191

669,010
622,041
676,765
709,043

.92
.98
1.00
.95

3,355
3,474
2,603
2,937

211,078
198,675
160,724
155,020

23,483
21,641
16,827
17,744

762,013
742,857
702,445
697,566

.90
.90
.90
.90

3,552
4,785
6,517
8,465

197,230
258,599

21,670
28,491
38,982
48,382

688,899
721,696
714,027
865,258

.90
.85
.85
.85

49,559
49,465
57,874
43,775

875,010
936,859
899,781
895,826

.80
.80
.80
.84

404,847

44,496

441 149

SO 9fi7

889,219
904,909

1

1920.
September
October
November
December

106

102

88

195

253

198

267

110

1

95

88

187

142

184

263

110

93

92

96

173

226

174

240

108

64

78

80

79

160

210

162

189

93

51

71

49

64

!

44

64

1

26

Mav
June
July
August

37

;

70

79

155

200

153

181

92

59
57
34

74

149

189

145

166

98

80

141

178

141

157

100

84

135

168

138

140

95

28

33

;

31

90

129

165

136

143

90

29

31

|

28

88

126

159

135

147

90

21

25

i

24

24

29

31

39

September
October
November
December

41

54

72

83

125

151

130

148

90

82

123

142

126

158

90

29

81

119

138

123

147

90

37

!

22
23

85

117

138

126

151

85

51

57

70

1922.
January
February
March
Apnl

|

84

116

135

127

147

85

64

102

118

137

132

145

85

8,330
7,993
9,660
7,390

362,317
458,553

69

74

65

103

117

136

134

144

80

66

72

65

111

115

136

139

148

80

80

S4

76

105

116

135

155

156

80

61

65

58

106

117

135

177

158

84

5S

64

59

105

116

135

177

159

80

62

69

66

107

115

133

177

157

80

115

130

178

156

71

115

135

177

152

70

.80
.80
.70
.70

121

May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

!

93

87

1921.
January
February
March
April
. .

101

90

131

182

149

74

.70

'

,

7,064
7,495

468,818
457,656
534,812
416,112

!
:

..

1

1 Compiled from reports of the National Wood Chemical Association to which are added reports from the principal nonmember firms. Total reports for each month vary
from firms with a capacity of 3,200 cords to 4,500 cords daily; all months are therefore prorated to a daily capacity of 4,500 cords, representing aoout 90 per cent of the industry, on the basis of capacity reporting each month.
2 August, 1914.
* Compiled from weekly wholesale quotations of 35 drugs and pharmaceutical chemicals by the Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter.
« Compiled from weekly wholesale quotations of 20 essential oils by the Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter.
6
Compiled from weekly wholesale quotations of 40 crude botanical drugs by the Oil, Paint, ana Drug Reporter.
• The chemical price index from Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering includes quotations on 25 commodities selected on the basis of their importance as representing
both qualitatively and quantitatively the principal branches of the chemical industry. These prices are weighted on the basis of total production plus total imports in the
year 1919. The figures are averages of weekly prices.
i Wholesale average monthly price of sulphuric acid from United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.




102
FATS, OILS, AND RAW MATERIALS.
Table 55.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

ANIMAL FATS, GREASES, AND DERIVATIVES.
TOTAL ANIMAL FATS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Consumption.

TOTAL DERIVATIVES.

TOTAL GREASES.

Stocks.

Production.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Production.

Consumption.

Stocks.

100

100

Relative to 1919.

100

100

100

100

100

133
164

124
122

97

129

1OO
103
107

103
142

107
129

1920.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

124
119
94
109

93
114
111
96

143
166
118
103

132
129
115
119

119
100
102
68

82
99
135

132
106
87
105

111
105
93
81

100
78
90

1931.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

139
135
114
127

106
108
106
106

167
232
137
121

12S
127
111
123

74
89
S2
106

140
157
148
121

96
101
162
155

80
88
93
92

104
99
77
101

1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
April 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30

144
141
124

100
90
91

129
179
117

142
140
119

119
118
112

105
85
67

183
151
176

101
91
114

103

1919 quarterly average.
1920 quarterly average.
1921 quarterly average.

100
112

90
95

RAW MATERIALS FOR VEGETABLE OILS.
PEANUTS—HULLED.

COPRA.

CORN GERMS.

FLAXSEED.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Con- I
sumption. |

Stocks.

Relative to 1919.
1919 quarterly average
1920 quarterly average
1921 quarterly average

1920.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31
1921.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31
1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
April 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30




1OO

1OO
298
IS

100
60
50

1OO
48
26

1OO
99
84

1OO
64
53

1OO
104
105

1OO
250
192

5
6
10
12

1,161
8
12
10

73
56
61
49

90
42
31
30

12S
101
112
55

109
51
49
45

103
104
106
103

156
250
209
353

12
4

36
13
9
14

41
33
63
64

14
13
49
30

63
74
96
104

52
48
44
68

103
103
94
122

101
169
179
320

97
75
64

47
29

108
96
91

41
61
76

109
66
90

93
S3
170

10
9
3

See footnote on page 105.

103

FATS, OILS, AND RAW MATERIALS.
Table 56.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

ANIMAIi FATS, GREASES, AND DERIVATIVES.
TOTAL ANIMAL FATS.

TOTAL GREASES.

TOTAL DERIVATIVES.

YEAR AND MONTH.

ConProducsumption.
tion.

Stocks.

ProducContion.
sumption.

Stocks.

ConProduction.
sumption.

Stocks.

Thousands of pounds.
1919 quarterly average.
1920 quarterly average.
1921 quarterly average.

367,518
410,676
473,351

1920.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June30...
July 1 to Sept. 30...
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31
1921.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31....
Apr. 1 to June 30..,
July 1 to Sept. 30...
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31....

144,308
138,071
149,276 ! 183,033
154,017 j 226,668

69,648
86,384
85,258

6 7 , 3 7 4 j 264,740
69,695 |
J 284,478
95,407 I
340,325

51,565
50,273
45,150

208,804
204,039
183,764

183,695
165,241
174,864

457,460
436,845
346,900
401,499

1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
April 1 to June 30...
July 1 to Sept. 30...

197,143
229,794
163,105
142,090

92,231
90,129
80,290
82,884

61,535
51,677
52,675
35,204

54,927
66,925
66,036
90,892

348,321
280,087
230,681
278,824

232,593
219,040
194,382
170,141

170,567
183,186
142,725
164,487

512,557
496,082
419,742
465,024

153,439
155,957
153,237
153,434

230,025
320,015
189,089
167,542

89,311
88,433
77,492
85,794

38,068
45,699
42,174
54,657

94,633
105,859
99,407
81,728

252,894
267,532
429,836
411,036

166,644
183,151
193,489
191,771

191,337
181,377
141,169
185,571

530,176
316,487
456,441

!

134,460
163,829
160,077
138,737

144,620
129,838
131,879

177,468
247,235
161,034

98,823
97,772
83,206

61,234
60,635
57,658

70,463
57,445
45,029

483,256
398,792
465,527

209,989
189,511
237,138

179,186
188,476
126,595

RAW MATERIALS FOR VEGETABLE OILS.
PEANUTS—HULLED.

COPRA.

CORN GERMS.

FLAXSEED.

YEAR AND MONTH.

ConsumpI tion.

Stocks.

Consumption.

Stocks.

tion.

Stocks.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Tons.
35,426
2,980
2,931

1920.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

'

1921.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

!
!
!

42,153
25,276
21,161

22,184
10,665
5,869

36,645
36,395
30,830

842
536
448

172,934
179,382
182,182

29,853
74,703
57,409

1,709
2,276
3,716
4,218

129,474
869
1,330
1,064

30,921
23,808
25,784
20,591

19,901
9,366
6,786
6,606

46,987
37,163
41,105
20,323

915
430
415
382

177,397
179,402
183,168
177,561

46,484
74,539
62,485
115,302

4,021
1,450
970
1,564

17,372
14,113
26,382
26,776

3,100
2,821
10,849
6,705

22,978
27,088
35,012
38,242

441
406
370
576

177,611
177,285
162,747
211,086

30,063
50,557
53,354
95,662

3,492
3,046
893

463
344
191

40,844
31,741
26,964

15,299
10,507
6,542

39,464
35 086
33,279

343
510
641

187,968
96,358
156,316

27,806
24,852
50,763

;

1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
April 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30

11,148
33,184
2,001

2,822
4,325
1,584
2,992

1919 quarterly average
1920 quarterly average
1921 quarterly average




!

See footnote on page 105.

104

VEGETABLE AND FISH OILS.
Table 57.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
TOTAL, CRUDE
VEGETABLE OILS.
Y E A R AND MONTH.

Production.

Consumption.

COTTONSEED OILCRUDE.

TOTAL REFINED
VEGETABLE OILS.

Consump.
tion.

Production.

Stocks.

S t o c Ks .
btock s

P rto d u c i o n

Consumption.

PEANUT O I L CRUDE AND VIRGIN.

Production.

Stocks.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Relative to 1919.
1919 quarterly average
1920 quarterly average
1921 quarterly average

100
82
87

100

100

80
79

75
66

1920.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

105
48
43
132

112

83
63
65

99

8
8

|
:
:

1921.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

113
57
56
123

96
73
51
96

86
54
50
72

!

1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30

84
35
51

82
50
47

74
59
56

!

1OO

85
80

15
44

100
40
20

150
145
86
118

114
25
15
166

128
58
19
138

128
41
30
141

6
11
16
28

29
48
54
29

190
136
138
91

74
93
85
65

143
117
45

io9

135
43
40
138

140
88
39
127

149
34
45
90

31
53
45
48

21
19
25
14

78
61
34
50

69
49
67

124
66
34

74
12
33

92
29
19

50
li
49

51
31
6

22
16
12

28
20
5

100

!

100

74
76

74
79

|
!

124
104

106
54

74
56
80
85

103
66
38
96

75
30
24

|

100
so

100
139
56

i
67
44

29
107

I

COCONU^OR COPRA

Y E A R AND MONTH.

1OO

89

100
86
98

1OO

Production.

Consumption.

;
|

CORN OIL-CRUDE

Production.

Stocks.

Consumption.

Stocks.

!

LINSEED OIL.

Production.

Consumption.

T O T A L F I S H OIL.

Production.

Stocks.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Relative to 1919.
1919 quarterly average

1920 quarterly average
1921 quarterly average

1OO
61
52

1OO
70
57

1OO
60
47

1OO
201
152

1OO
123
200

1OO
101
119

104
98
118
159

51
242
319
190

188
110
91
104

90
69
111
135

13

146

187
127
106
189

279

114
137
175
371

119
136
120
99

157
196
188

237
148
106

24
108
540

167
320
395

73
109
133

1OO
101
91

1OO
101
80

1OO
82
88

1OO
107
107

1OO
113
126

1OO
120
152

123
123
121
86

81

j

I
1920.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

93
70
53
63

56
65
65
54

132
102
116
54

125
99
113
63

91
84
85
69

104
107
111
106

1921.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31
|

74
58
62
50

43
37
64
66

58

42

50

45

62

50

59

51

64
78
103
114

60
71
87
103

68
73
91
121

105
105
95
121

1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30

99
88
63

67
59
70

72

111

84
70

98
109

129
95
104

94
88
101

110
62
91




I

i

See footnote on opposite page.

141
138

31
284

105
VEGETABLE AND FISH OILS.
Table 58.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
TOTAL CRUDE
VEGETABLE OILS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Stocks. !

TOTAL REFINED
VEGETABLE OILS.

Production.

Consump-

Stocks.

COTTONSEED OILCRUDE.
Production.

PEANUT O I L CRUDE AND VIRGIN.

Production,

Consumption.

Consumption.

Stocks.

329,038
283,350
323,940

111,271
94,597
88,668

21,902
3,271
9,683

53,088
21,267
10,639

24,038
33,354
13,453

Thousands of pounds.
1919 quarterly average
1920 quarterly average
1921 quarterly average

1578,748 635,803
511,121
474,776
!
504,036
504,318

506,533
378,498
332,003

466,795 |357,407
344,575
263,612
354,760
283,729

283,591 357,501
352,768 1 285,347
1
293,529 1 317,757
1

1920.
Jan. 1 to Mar.31...
Apr. 1 to June 30..
July 1 to Sept. 30..
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31...

605,931
276,403
250,289
766,481

710,472
427,625
277,387
628,997

422,606
319,008
327,692
444,688

494,688
251,416
134,228
497,967

264,127
200,612
286,368
303,342

424,016
410,244
243,293
333,517

408,334
88, 890
51,875
594,291

422,783
192,412
63,185
455,021

142,724
45,507
33,357
156,801

1,207
2,311
3,498
6,069

15,166
25,624
28,779
15,498

45,571
32,691
33,166
21,989

1921.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31...
Apr. 1 to June 30..
July 1 to Sept. 30..
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31...

652,230
329,053
325,521
710,468

611,266
465,952
326,390
612,525

437,804
273,298
253,595
363,313

481,294
309,791
179,066
448,890

264,764
331,487
305,542
233,124

406,697
332,772
126,385
308,262

481,779
154,281
142,990
491,979

459,680
288,757
128,850
418,473

166,078
37,851
50,576
100,167

6,825
11,633
9,833
10,442

11,213
10,352
13,354
7,635

18,848
14,761
8,121
12,080

487,796
202 045
294,453

523,292
316,395
297,309

376,807
297,830
283,997

349,726
141,128
111,421

244,851
176,337
239,911

352,302
254,089
96,297

263,993
43,768
119,195

301,788
95,775
64,025

55,117
12,194
54,906

11,074
6,831
1,236

11,552
8,487
6,260

6,699
4,876
1,141

1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar.31...
July l t o Sept. 30.

COCONUT OR COPRA
OIL—CRUDE.
Y E A R AND MONTH.

CORN OIL—CRUDE.

Consumption.

Consumption.

Production.

I ProducStocks. I tion.

Stocks.

LINSEED OIL.

Production.

TOTAL FISH OIL.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Production.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Thousands of pounds.
1919 quarterly average.
1920 quarterly average.
1921 quarterly average.
1920.
Jan. ltoMar.31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

53,886
32,805
28,247

105,564 155,220
73,525
93,277
60,274
73,143

24,350
24,655
21,870

22,408
17,987

8,027
6,589
7,093

113,232
121,318
120,703

47,286
53,551
59,706

65,425
78,457
99,611

8,230
16,507
12,490

9,791
12,046
19,559

44,609
45,225
52,873

!
1 39,682
j 31,047
! 33,607
26,882

98,501
73,475
55,623
66,499

87,287
100,593
101,219
84,009

32,213
24,928
28,221
13,256

27,998
22,211
25,272
14,153

7,271
6,703
6,845
5,537

117,226
121,407
126,138
120,502

58,219
57,944
57,310
40,731

67,842
64,371
77,503
104, 111

4,188
19,943
26,284
15,612

18,373
10,796
8,863
10,153

40,109
30,767
49,714
60,310

1921.
Jan. l t o Mar. 31...
Apr. 1 to June 30..
July l t o Sept. 30..
Oct. l t o Dec. 31...

23,062
19,900
34,439
35,588

61,531
52,771
64,992
61,802

65,447
70,239
77,219
79,667

15,670
19,028
25,004
27,779

13,395
15,848
19,568
23,135

5,469
5,841
7,335
9,726

118,787
118,781
107,716
137,528

38,134
66,505
65,324

122,308
83,144
69,601
123,391

1,038
2,585
23,384
22,952

11,194
13,453
17,139
36,450

53,296
60,467
53,637
44,093

1922.
Jan. l t o Mar. 31...
Apr. l t o June 30...
July l t o Sept. 30..

53,404
47,444
34,217

70,448
62,046
73,597

112,014
131,001
108,557

23,917
26,626

28,904
21,306
23,307

7,546
7,073
8,139

124,941
70,349
103,400

74,396 | 155,252
92,605 | 97,034
89,096
69,036

1,940
8,892
44,433

16,387
31,324
38,720

32,737
48,412
59,547

i Thefiguresgiven on pages 102,103, and 104 represent the movement of certain more important vegetable and animal fats and oils, as reported quarterly by the Bureau
of the Census, Department of Commerce. The data cover factory production, factory consumption, and factory and warehouse stocks. The stock figures refer to the
amount on hand at the end of each period.




106
VEGETABLE OILS.
Table 59.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base years in bold-faced type.]
LINSEED
OIL.

CAKE.:

COTTONSEED OIL,
CRUDE.

LJNSEED
OIL.

VEGETABLE j OLEOMAROILS.
! GARINE.

I!
LIN- ;
SEED ! COTTONSEED ! VEGETABLE
OIL I OIL, CRUDE.
OILS.
CAKE. !

ConShipments
Shipments ! Stocks Pro- I «_
Total I
from
I end of due- !Lf2."
from
im- I due- sumpMinneapolis. < month tion. !|i Jori;> ports.4 tion. tion.* I Minneapolis.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Stocks,
end of
month.

Pro-

!

OLEOMARGARINE.

ProCon- j
due- ' sump- |
tion.
tion.5 !

Total
imports.4

Ex

ii

[Relative to 1913.' Relative to 1919. '1
i
I
I

1913 monthlv
1914 monthlv
1915 monthlv
1916 monthlv

av
av.
av
av

Thousands of pounds,

Relative to 1913.

j

A.-] [NDEX N U M B E R S .
100

100

1917 monthly av.
1918 monthly av.
1919 monthly av.
1920 monthlv av.
1921 monthly av.

78 .

69

3 100
3 124
3 96
3 141

100
61

65

109

70

5S

62

73 ,

61

Ill

109

53

US

100

36

66

61

100

100

61

52

40

127

100

58

54

50

158

164

3 172
3 305
3 316
3 334
3 133

41

61

76

3 100

100

399
3
3

99

100
105

105

99

198

161

241

227

254

245

254

253

147

148

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
1
I29,042

11.158
9,271
10,0.6
7,S56
8,157

I

3
321,387 l 2 , 1 0 2 11,861
17,758 • 326,441 3 12, 00?
11,798
31 641 3 20 636
11 787
;
3
16 977 3 30 133 12 709
12 404

' l 5 , 2 1 O 30,166
i! 11,868 20,684
9 862 17,188
18,706
i 10,662
18,42S
15,998
IS,473
12,069
15,068

71,158 ! 11,788 3 36,850
65,423 ! 10,437 3 65,295
65,399
17,599 3 67,495
65.536
16,863 3 71,390
107,345 ' 21,964 : 3 28,499

66.753
71,007
59,967
76,190
94,884

1

1920.
May
June
July
August

66
54
59

September..
October
November..
December..

46
62
49
38

1921.
January
! February...
I March
! April

34
40
61
61

May....
June
July....
August.
i September..
| October
November..
December..
1922.
January
February...
March
April
,

55
67
61
64

31
42
52
59

133
75
38
23

41
17
7

55
177
277
261

41

278
282
274
194

263
247
229
122

36
37
52
66

120
80
31
27

72
47
40
45

34
37

64
65

;
'
i
'

238 L

258 !
196 !

20 ; 178
30 | 137
85 | 83

65
291
349
270

40

236 :

49
45
16
11

150

;i

j

95

I

; 245 I 99
|
: 139 I 161
j
!
; 127
52
| 74 213
68
51
27
21

65
61
78
70

296
204
203
219

272
188
203
237

9,504
9,996
8,166

9,465
12,754
15,608
17,670

79,517
26,789
44,928 ; 11,077
22,619 ' 4,400
13,757 \ 5,010

14, 256

259
259
252
213

251
238
271
201

7,059 10,839
9,359 11,932
7,411 ] 10,397
5,853 11,302

33,221 : 42,832
105,851
190,262
166,231 I 228,073
156,801 ; 176,323

5,773
8,671
24,632
43,446

195
178
194
161

191
171
180
175

5,152 |
6,125
9,354
9,306 I

116
74
91
141

104
64
94
150

13, 100
4, 633
3, 171

23 ,937

19,044
26,877
29,081
30,014
17,517

29 ,217
30..733
30 ,790

i

50,550
50,859
55,270
41,959

,840

35,874
24,721
24,559
26,535

32,295 ,
22,310
24,046
28,141

38,010 ! 31,384
29,196
31,296
17,808
30,457
20,269
25,751

71,291
21,251
40,305
34,479
36,811 j 11,162 '
21,489 | 45,605

29,819
28,249
32,099 ;
23,869

19,345 ; I 166,710
19,483 I 169,156
17,747 | 164,327
i
12,446 | 116,364
|

171,887
161,809
149,526
79,573

71,782
47,851
18,763
16,197

47,291
30,411
26,228
29,561

19,613
17,747
7,922
6,054

13,967
13,012
16,774
15,065

!

8,239
10,744
10,822
12,529

45,177
16, 497
27,117
21, 280
48,135 | 18, 678
31,785 | 18,410 j

98,295 « 100,706 ! 12,114
69,952 | 91,321 I' 9,825
60,089 i 72,237 ! 10,459
4,785
31,682 I 27,610 |

49,060 j
50,008 I
81,270 I
64,363 !

16,167 i 16,887
14,620 | 12,195
15,970
15,263
13,930
13,686

65,851
52,606 I
50,735 '
38,830 :

13,863
12,530
12,280
13,043

8,357 j 10,869
10,260
11,190
9,220 \ 15,541
9,700 19,799

55
57
49
39

27
42
52
59

85
172
187
167

153
285
265
202

28
37
37
43

211
127
225
149

136
176
154
152

149
181
148
164

8,316
8,060
51,167 i 99,803
8,694 12,804 j 102,957 j 186,444
j
7,441 ' 15,594
111,916
173,574
5,955 17,932
100,167
131,961

42

52
51
31
14

164
117
100
53

154
140
110
42

42
34
36
16

229
234
380
301

134
121
132
115

142
103
129
115

6,457
6,647
7,232
6,069

15,745 j
15,356 j
9,283 !
4,159 !

115
104
101
108

108
85
126
99

7,952
8,271
5,795
5,536

4,452 j
3,607 !
4,248
5,297

23,801
12,194 |
6,897 \
10,039 j

12,389 •
7,115 :
5,825 I
13,354 '.

3,373
2,810
2,298
2,584

136

11,237

15,164 ;

54,906:

98,609:

4,279 627,452

566 - 22,688
20.297
21,361
20,814
19, 507

23,

21, 589
23, 481

12,317
7,614
11,120
17,803

14, 055
8, 900
11, 005
17, 112

17,723
21,497
17,565
19,411

I
44
48
40

May....
June
July....
August.

52
54
38

15
12
14
18

40
20
12
17

19
11
9
20

12
10
8
9

308
246
237
182

September.
October
November..
December..

74

50

92

151

15

6 128

i
i
|
'

12,765 j
10,040 I
14,974 j
11,754
16,113 !

1
Except shipments of linseed oil and cake and meal from Minneapolis Chamber of Commrece. The sources of the other data are: Imports and exports of vegetable oils
from the I .S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; Cottonseed oil from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; and
Oleomargarine production and consumption from the U. S. Treasury Department, Bureau of Internal Revenue. ,
3
Includes cottonseed, corn, and linseed oils.
3
These figures are forfiscalyears beginning July 1.
* The following oils are included: Chinese nut, cocoa butter, coconut, cottonseed, olive (inedible), olive (edible), palm, palm kernel, peanut, rapeseed, soya bean. Where
certain of these are reported in gallons, they have been converted into pounds, allowing 7 j pounds per gallon.
5
Colored and uncolored, as represented by tax-paid withdrawal.
6
Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.




107
CROP PRODUCTION.
Table 60.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
(Base year in bold-faced type.]
WHEAT.
CORN.
Winter.

Spring.

OATS.

Total.

BARLEY.

TOTAL
BREAD
GRAINS.

RYE.

RICE.

POTATOES.

APPLES
(total).

HAY,
TAME.

Relative to 5-year average, 1909-1913.
A.-INDEX

NUMBERS.

1909-1913 average
1914 final estimate
1915 final estimate
1916 final estimate
1917 final estimate

100
155
153
109
94

100
84
144
64
91

100
119
149
93
93

100
99
111
95
113

100
101
137
111
141

100
107
126
100
116

1OO
123
155
140
180

1OO
104
123
99
117

100

100
115
101
80
124

100
143
130
110
94

100

99
121
171
145

1918 final estimate
1919 final estimate
1920 final estimate
1921 final estimate

128
172
138
133

145
85
91
85

134
141
121
116

92
104
119
114

136
105
132
94

141
81
104
83

261
216
173
166

112
110
122
108

161
175
216
166

115
91
113
97

96
81
127
55

116
131
133

1921.
July estimate
August estimate

130
123

96
87

118
110

115
112

117
101

101
94

200
184

116

140
140

106

58
62

124
124

September estimate
October estimate
November estimate

123
123
123

86
80
80

110

96
95
95

92
90
90

184
184

111

108

118
117
116

184

121
121
143

1922.
June estimate
July estimate
August estimate

138
129
123

101
101

124
119
117

106
111

115
105
111

105
100
105

119
118

106
105

111
109

107
108

September estimate
October estimate
November estimate .

123
123

107
113
109

108

109

89

106
130
138
126

124

110

137
138
138

100

61
62
58

231
235
228

112
108
113

163
162

120
123

102
108
114

161
137
141

228

116

162

228

109

164

123
121

117
115

141
141

110

97

Thous.
. of tons.

Thousands of bushels.
B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
1909-1913 average
1914 final estimate
1915 final estimate
1916 final estimate
1917 final estimate

441,602 245,059 686,697
206,027
891,017
684,990
351,854 1,025,801
673,947
155,765
636,318
480,553
223,754
636,655
412,901

2 , 7 0 8 , 3 3 4 1,131,175 1 8 1 , 8 8 6
194,953
1,141,060
2,672,804
228,851
2,994,763
1,549,030
182,309
1,251,837
2,566,927
211,759
3,065,233
1,592,740

34,916
42,779
54,050
48,862
62,933

4,743,008 23,926 356,627 176,482
409,921
252,200
4,942,613 ' 23,649
359,721
230,011
5,852,525 : 28,947
193,905
4,686,253 , 40,861
286,953
166,749
5,569,320
34,739
442,108

65,987
70,071
85,920
91,192
83,308

1918 final estimate
1919 final estimate
1920 final estimate
1921 final estimate

565,099
760,677
610,597
587,032

356,339
207,602
222,430
207,861

921,438
968,279
833,027
794,893

2,502,665
2,816,318
3,230,532
3,081,251

1,538,124
1,184,030
1,496,281
1,060,737

256,225
147,608
189,332
151,181

91,041 ;
75,542
60,490
57,918 '

5,309,493
5,191,777
5,809,662
5,145,980

38,606
41,985
51,692
39,653

411,860
322,867
403,296
346,823

169,625
142,086
223,677
96,881

76,660
86,359
87,855
81,567

1921.
July estimate
August estimate

573,930
543,879

235,482
212,946

809,412
756,825

3,123,139
3,022,170

1,328,937
1,137,202

184,288
170,511

69,956
64,332

5,515,000
5,161,008

33,603
33,480

376,977
315,918

102,190
109,453

81,695
81,604

September estimate
October estimate
November estimate

543,879
543,879
543,879

209,979
196,776
196,776

753,858
740,655
740,665

3,185,876
3,163,063
3,151,698

1,090,282
1,078,519
1,078,515

166,906
163,399
163,399

64,332
64,332
64,332

5,261,254
5,209,968
5,198,603

32,661
33,020
33,020

322,985
345,845
356,076

109,166
109,710
102,290

79,808
79,808
94,619

1922.
June estimate
July estimate
August estimate

607,333
569,276
541,809

247,175
247,660
263,392

854,508
816,936
805,201

2,860,245
3,016,950

1,304,664
1,186,626
1,251,156

191,246
181,586
191,507

80,815
81,998
79,623

8 5,290,978
5,128,457
5,344,414

39,085
38,700

428,607
439,900

179,810
189,549
202,000

106,000
90,400
93,100

541,809
541,809

276,665
268,314

818,474
810,123

2,874,759
2,853,399

1,255,004
1,229,774

193,850
196,431

79,623
79,623

5,221,710
5,169.350

38,810
39,159

438,398
433,015

206,567
203,667

92,886
92,886

September estimate
October estimate
Noveniber estimate .
December estimate
1

!

j

Yearly figures represent the latest revised estimates of total production for the year as reported by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural
Economics.
2
June figures for total grains include corn as estimated on July 1.




108
FARM PRODUCTS, WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 61.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base-year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

WHEAT
FLOUR.

RYE.

StandWinter
ard
pat- straights,
Kansas
ents,
City.
Minneapolis.

YEAB AND MONTH.

WHEAT.

No. 1,
north- No. 2,
red
ern
spring, winter,
ChiChicago.
cago.

No. 2,
cash,
Chicago.

BARLEY.

OATS. CORN.

By
sample,
fair to C a s h ,
good
Chimalting, cago.
Chicago.

Cash,
contract
grades
No. 2,
Chicago.

COTTONSEED
OIL.

CATTLE.

Summer,
yellow
prime,
New
York.

SHEEP.

HOGS.

Steers,
good to Heavy,
choice,
Chicorn
cago.
fed,
Chicago.

|

Ewes,
Chicago.

Lambs,
Chicago.

100
108
127
153
220

100

i
Relative to 1913.

1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly average

100
111
145
159
249

1OO

1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average

262
277
182

100
112
132
121
170

1OO

1OO

1OO

114

102

121

98

146

147

133

172

113

158

155

137

175

139

274

254

231

294

210

268

245

224

305

207

278

281

239

241

195

301

285

256

294

202

183

161

146

191

102

206
186
212
103

275

304

272

253

306

161

245

265

237

224

267

148

203

218

198

209

248

195

1920.
September
October
November
December..

1OO

215

194

204

107

;

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

111

91

i

106

100

117

94

|

102

85

132

147

113

115

262

212

151

188

i

257

277

193

210

255

332

206

218

226

212

170

170

93

108

103

NXX

156

210

187

179

198

141

142

152

173

177

139

137

129

140

171

145

251

125

132

121

119

142

114

241
200
187
73

104
119
141
207
222
207
204
128

118
111
110
76

172

74
79
86
94

140

161
156
149

1921.

January
February..
March
April

210

216

204

199

259

120

121

109

116

116

111

200

207

185

195

234

110

115

106

97

110

110

191

208

181

170

227

114

115

104

85

112

113

173

181

160

141

211

102

101

93

83

103

98

121
129
132

May
June
July

191

198

175

159

231

105

104

99

99

99

98

88

151

197

200

168

146

202

102

100

98

104

95

97

57

138

194

179

150

125

192

103

99

98

118

99

116

133

August.

177

167

142

125

168

101

96

91

121

103

116

62
66

September
October...
November
December..

182

174

150

130

167

97

102

86

136

98

95

67

113

162

164

142

121

139

89

92

75

122

1C4

95

62

109

156

153

134

119

126

89

94

77

114

101

82

59

112

150

152

137

119

135

88

97

77

115

97

81

81

135

January
February..
March
April....

153

153

141

121

127

93

100

77

118

96

93

112

156

174

174

153

140

156

101

106

91

139

102

118

130

182

170

176

148

138

160

105

92

124

151

187

176

152

141

164

104

94

159
,58

103

178

103
102

99

122

149

170

May

176

174

158

138

166

109

107

99

162

101

125

126

160

June
July
August

164

167

137

118

139

97

99

98

154

104

122

100

147

170

162

142

117

135

103

99

103

147

114

121

117

163

153

144

129

107

114

91

88

100

136

122

104

114

160

138

139

109

112

94

102

102

117

126

110

105

167

!

125

1932.

September
October
November

;

124

L. .

Dp/»Rmbp.r




If
See footnote on opposite page.

""

i

109

FARM PRODUCTS, WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 62.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page. ]

WHEAT
FLOUR.

YEAR AND MONTH.

StandWinter
ard
patents, straights,
Minne- Kansas
City.
apolis.

WHEAT.

No. 1,
northern
spring,
Chicago.

No. 2,
red
winter,
Chicago.

Per barrel.

RYE.

BARLEY.

OATS.

CORN.

COTTONSEED
OIL.

No. 2,
cash,
Chicago.

By
sample,
fair to
good,
malting,
Chicago.

Cash,
Chicago.

Cash,
contract,
grades
No. 3,
Chicago.

Summer,
yellow,
prime,
New
York.

$4,687
5.044
5.929
7.166
10.332

$7,794
8.115
9.233
10.017
16.092

.201
.241
.154
.079

16.424
17.496
14. 486
8.764

17.600
18. 244
14.1S7
8.363

11.288
9. 351
8.744
3.414

17.325
16.125
15.904
9.994

1.315
.887
.807
.755

.136
.111
.101

15.250
14.688
14.575
12.094

16.543
14.775
12.120
9.538

5.544
5.219
5.150
3-563

13.3S8
12.531
12.150
11.581

.454
.430
.432
.378

.681
.665
.649
.578

.084
.070
.062
.059

9.840
9.312
9.563
8.719

9.305
9.156
9.463
8.225

3.450
3.688
4.031
4.406

10.925
9.438
10.031
10.313

.657
.638
.645
.629

.392
.377
.370
.359

.616
.613
.613

.072
.075
.086
.088

8.425
8.094
8.406
8.775

8.195
8.125
9.725
9.690

4.125
2.6S8
2.906
3.075

11.790
10. 781
10.388
9.740

.607
. 553
.554
.548

.384
.346
.354
.364

.538
.469
.482
.482

.099
.088
.082
.083

8.375
8.875
8.563
8.219

7.950
7.945

3.156
2.915
2.750
3.781

8.813
8.490
8.719
10.500

.992
1.021
1.043

.582
.633
.644
.640

.375
.398
.393

.484
.572
.575
.588

.086
.101
.115
.115

8.150
8.638
8.731
8.406

7.765
9.900
10.338
10.206

5.260
6.094 |
7.094 |
6.989 |

12.170
14.175
14.563
13.219

1.356
1.160
1.152
1.057

1.056
.886
.858
.723

.679
.608
.641
.568

.403
.372
.371
.335

.618
.609
.643
.622

.117
.112
.107
.099

8.615
8.863
9.700
10.375

10.425
10.228
10.090

5.900
4.688
5.475
5.344

12.475
11. 438
12.735
12.438

1.071

.715

.590

.384

.635

10.713

9.169

4.938

13.031

§0.986
1.005
1.307
1.351
2.278

$0,636
.768
1.092
1.113
1.871

$0,625
.615
.704
.867
1.315

1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average.... 11.998
1920 monthly average
12.675
1921 -monthly average.... j S. 338

10.304
10.695
11.579
7.051

2.235
2.563
2.600
1.467

2.209
2.357
2.522
1.437

1.940
1.534
1.873
1.214

1.305
1.217
1.263
.635

.775
.700
.796
.387

1.605
1.597
1.414
.580

1920.
September
October
November
December

12,593
11.21)6
9.295
S. 943

11.693
10.205
8.400
&256

2.481
2.162
1.810
1.770

2.491
2.204
2.057
2.012

L945
1.695
1.577
1.598

1.006
.922
.867
.778

.584
.530
.515
.494

9.625
9.181
7.950

8.295
7.962
7.993
6.980

1.861
1.688
1.650
1.461

1.961
1.919
1.679
1.386

1.647
1.488
1.446
1.339

.750
.688
.714
.635

May....
June
July....
August.

8. 745
9.006
8.900
8.120

7.625
7.700
6.S95
6.418

1.600
1.531
1.370
1.294

1.568
1.438
1.229
1.237

1.467
1.284
1.222
1.065

September..
October
November..
December..

8.318
7.425
7.170
6.881

6.681
6.305
5.900
5.860

1.365
1.298
1.226
1.254

1.276
1.193
1.176
1.177

1.060
.882
.804
.858

1922.
January
February
March
April

7.000
7.975
7.813
8.144

5.875
6.700
6.781
6.785

1.285
1.400
1.352
1.386

1.196
1.382
1.357
1.391

8.060
7.500
7.788
6.995

6.675
6.406
6.235
5.525

1.446
1.249
1.292
1.1.78

6.344

5.360

1.129

September
October
November
December




i

Per 100 pounds.
S8.;)65
8.301
7.131
9.61a
15. 705

$0,913
1.041
1.344
1.417
2.321

j
;

[
I

$0,376
.419
.496
.455
.637

$0,625
.695
.730
.S25
1.637

$0,073
.066
.068
.106
.154

'
j

1

SHEEP.

$8,507
9.039
8.702
9.573
12.809

$3,847
4.125
5.612
6.091
10.551

May
June....
July...
August

HOGS.

Steers,
good to
choice, Heavy, ! Ewes, Lambs,
corn
Chicago. Chicago, Chicago.
fed,
Chicago.

Per
pound.

Per bushel.

1913 monthly average— $ 4 , 5 8 4
1914 monthly average....
5.096
1915 monthly average
6. 663
1916 monthly average
7.264
1917 monthly average
11.391

1921.
January
February
March
April

CATTLE.

From U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, averages of weekly quotations.

110

FRUITS, VEGETABLES, AND HAY.
Table 63.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources,1
]Base year in bold-faced type.]
WHITE
CIT1 RUS 2 POTAFRUIT. TOES.

APPLES.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Coldstorage
holdings. 3

ONIONS.

HAT.

CITRUS
FRUIT.2

APPLES.

Receipts.

Car-lot shipments.

Receipts.

Number of carloads.

Tons.

75

80

92

average.
average.
average.
average.

63
100
111
139

94
100
97
119

105
100
124
109

103
1OO
99
58

19
4
27
57

152
94
67
45

45
98
104
91

244
35
59
110

83
94
94
88

162
549
340
131

34
58
143
168

120
208
166
64

211
282
168
68

104
80
84
91

84
41

181
172
208
197

92
79
107

117
102
99
144

53

22
6
18
50

161
144
94
67

96
118
114
107

139
47
85
118

46
45
47
57

193
4S0
206
85

93
112
169

174
277
104
65

193
142
68
60

50
64
54
54

62 j|
69
43
26

163
128
167
137

111
90
148
134

102
59
42
178

61
57
54

17
18
35
63

115
71
45
35

137
148
122
116

134
54
75
126

54
66
50
70

186

35

155

243

108
100
227
161

84
1OO
126
114

46
12

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

B . - N U M E R I C A L DATA

76

102
70

HAY.

Coldstorage
holdings.3

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
106
91

ONIONS.

Thousands of
barrels.

Car-lot shipments.

Relative to 1919.

1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.

WHITE
POTATOES.

1,839
1,587

6,950
4,754

11,397
12,055

1,304
1,596

14,105
14,627
17,855

1,835
1,740
2,163
1,893

1,865

5,737

1,735

6,796

3,946
2,802

8,580
7,747

3,417
5,398
5,975
7,489

806
213

1,276
262
1,855
3,861

8,216
5,095
3,637
2,431

6,797
14,758
15,621
13,583

4,242
607
1,030
1,918

100,240
113,589
113,243
105,729

544
4,162
6,787

11,043
37,284
23,087
8,875

1,811
3,147
7,708
9,084

18,058
31,233
24,852
9,612

3,675
4,910
2,918
1,186

125,388
97,009
101,363
109,982

6,384
4,718
3,650
2,210

6,046
6,698
5,695
2,819

9,789
9,279
11,210
10,617

13,871
11,884
16,087
14,847

2,038
1,769
1,724
2,511

98,005
94,419
79,284
63,861

1,119
445
131

1,496
422
1,220
3,384

8,712
7,750
5,063
3,611

14,461
17,645
17,041
16,115

2,423
822
1,482
2,048

55,519
54,752
56,819
6S,515

792
3,597
2,354

13,146
32,653
14,023
5,760

3,661
5,012
6,044
9,126

26,040
41,514
15,617
9,790

3,362
2,466
1,182
1,054

60,801
76,960
65,717
64,727

5,429
4,313
3,090
1,930

4,217
4,682
2,933
1,761

8,810
6,928
7,407

16,663
13,564
22,224
20,131

1,781
1,022
724
3,102

83,594
73,125
68,723
65,177

944
314
56

1,146
1,192
2,387
4,312

6,205
3,855
2,421
1,908

20,530
22,136
18,381
17,389

2,325
945
1,298
2,201

64,887
83,510
60,067
84,163

23,244

4,234

15,005

124,S70

120,675
119,102
69,948

1920.
May....
June
July....
August.
September.
October....
November.
December..

31
240
391

1921.
January...
February.
March
April

368
272
210
127

May....
June
July....
August.

64
26

September.
October
November.
December..

46
207
136

1

1922.
January...
February.
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September.
October
November..
December..

313
249
178
111
54
18
3

12,607

;|
1

Except receipts of hay at 11 principal markets, which are compiled from weekly reports to the Hay Trade Journal; other data compiled by U. S. Department of
Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
a Oranges, lemons, and grapefruit.
3
As of 1st of the month.




Ill

CEREAL EXPORTS.
Table 64.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.g
EXPORTS OF GRAIN (including flour and meal as grains).

YEAR AND MONTH.

Barley
and
barley
flour.

Corn
and
corn
meal.

Oats
and
oatmeal.

Rye
and
rye
flour.

Wheat
and
wheat
flour.

Total
grains.

Barley
and
barley
flour.2

Corn
and
corn
meal. 3

Oats
and
oatmeal. 4

Rye
and
rye
flour.5

Relative to 1913.

1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

Total
grains.

Thousands of bushels.

A . - I N D E X NUMBERS.

Wheat
and
wheat
flour.6

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

1OO
21
99
109
112

1OO
7
298
291
310

1OO
123
736
854
792

100

100
67
191
168
149

1,461

102
196
153
118

554
2,211
1,874
1,488

4,223
874
4,185
4,603
4,751

3,018
223
8,993
8,791
9,370

155
189
1,138
1,320
1,224

11,907
12,133
23,034
18,230
14,070

20,764
13.973
39,560
34,817
30,903

130
231
102
147

93
31
42
260

358
184
45
22

879
2,183
3,195
1,622

146
187
215
245

171
173
169
222

1,897
3,369
1,489
2,153

3,922
1,325
1,771
10,997

10,815
5,551
1,357

1,359
3,375
4,938
2,512

17,413
22,259
25,636
29,642

35,406
35,878
35,191
46,002

43

23

56

6,651

217

190

635

992

1,687

38

average.,
average.,
average..
average..

100
38
151
128
102

27

22

4,130

183

147

557

1,143

658
495

10,280
6,383
7,891
5,652

25,888
21,754
34,655
32,674

39,482
30,495
45,352
42,715

2,650
2,937
4,855
5,634

34,994
43,033
30,989
30,186

41,777
51,305
40,787
43,273

27,105
23,074
20,765
24,801

42,306
37,370
38,189
38,612

31,624
32,178
30,413
66,963

43,459
48., 714
49,295
90,323

38,950
25,366
19,453
15,014

67,642
39,763
27,473
28,880

36,505
35,355
41,867
36,043

1920.
June
July.,..
August.

69

September..
October
November..
December..

30

16

5,105

291

218

1,013

1,288

163

31

24

3,657

274

206

2,377

1,293

719

141

26

32

1,715

294

201

2,066

968

172

48

26

1,900

361

247

2,515

111

51

38

3,141

260

196

1,623

3,645

254

208

2,520

1,099
2,046
2,167
3,626

1,307

172

774
1,153

1921.
January..
February.
March
April
May....
June
July
August.
September..
October
November..
December..
1922.
January..
February.
March
April
May....
June....
July....
August.
September..
Ocober
November..
December..

205

136

32

3,546

228

204

2,991

5,753

977

91

203

19

2,482

194

180

1,324

8,561

575

107

324

14

1,142

174

184

1,567

13,679

413

43

250

16

1,376

208

186

631

10,559

494

5,480
3,836
1,765
2,127

31

206

21

1,329

209

458

8,694

628

2,055

94

287

19

1,585

270

235

1,372

12,139

569

2,456

144

361

20

604

255

237

2,108

15,234

604

936

315

331

56

2,070

562

435

4,602

13,976

1,677

3,105

367

448

22

2,400

327

326

5,357

18,937

678

3,720

143

224

28

1,291

213

191

2,082

9,470

844

2,001

172

106

11

446

163

132

2,511

4,475

343

691

57

248

19

1,274

126

139

830

10,488

573

1,975

29

460

17

745

126

176

421

19,437

511

1,154

32

527

14

780

92

170

465

22,254

436

1,209

57

543

92

615

121

202

836

22,936

2,770

954

69

446

67

2,545

86

174

1,002

18,817

2,035

3,945

14,982
10,991
14,371
10,244

268

103

3,543

120

170

79

280

236

3,215

153

208

172

341

153

1,803

160

209

143

292

76

2,983

327

290

1,015
1,153
2,519
2,086

14,267
18,200
19,098
38,964

35,183
43,256
43,438
60,284

251

231

161

7,202

267

295

3,671

31,839

61,312

1 Data from IT. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
2 Barley flour converted at 5.5 bushels to the barrel.
* Corn meal converted at 4 bushels to the barrel.




11,306

3,104

11,805

7,114

14,395

4,631

12,325

2,286

5,491
4,984
2,795
4,623

9,769

4,870

11,163

< Oatmeal converted at 5.21 bushels to 100 pounds.
5
Rye flour converted at 6 bushels to the barrel.
6
Wheat flour converted at 4.5 bushels to the barrel.

42
MOVEMENT OF CEREALS.
Table 65.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
WHEAT
FLOUR. !

' 1913 monthly av
i 1914 monthly av
1915 monthly av
1916 monthly av
1917 monthly av..

CORN.

ConProduc- sump- Stocks.
tion. & tion.

Visible
ShipResup-3 ceipts.4 ments. 4
ply.

Visible
ReShipsup- ceipts. 4 ments. 4 Grindings.
ply .3

Relative Relative to 1919.
to 1914.

YEAR AND MONTH.

WHEAT.

Relative
to 1913.

Relative
to 1913.

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1919.

RYE.

OATS.

Receipts at principal
interior markets.

Visible
sup- !
ply. !

Relative to 1913.

!
|

116

1OO
91
111
126
118

1OO
82
93
104
76

100
127
140
150
148

1OO
107
109
132
120

1OO
114
106
138
136

153
1OO
109
214

146
129
121
116

68
86
42
37

215
308
287
199

137
93
86
86

106
128
89
270

135
123
67
121

97
117
92
98

100
88
55
49

73
64

73
56

431
344
286
269

146
95
67
60

47
158
198
185

190
294
420
303

262
175
227
77

196
152
239
154

75
87
96
86

41
23
34
24

170
108
101
119

81
55
74
47

193
196
195
177

113
105
129
263

211
326
208
161

142
235
118
196

241
244
216
244

112
109
100
138

28
43
34
71

106
113
198
480

62
99
107
197

173
198
216
347

158
266
217
323

244
230
103
265

305
239
144
197

145
157
147
143

56
44
23
19

424
232
154
181

92
106
52
65

355
401

76

202
144
98
68

235
210
194
173

55
72
64
50

57
58
71
54

362
533
607
470

347
389
207
97

332
360
270
136

123
142
159
100

25
26
36
21

98
123
251
110

80
87
74
45

387
405
371
321

58
58
75
86

132
95
79
86

92
67
126
193

128
110
108
245

371
393
265
119

181
208
173
163

268
220
294
246

112
127
126
135

32
36
25
45

353
141
111

1,088

94
85
81
123

275
245
211
220

88

154

183

161

166

235

216

146

56

926

108

207

100
96
102
101

1OO
93
61
108
51

60
69

1918 monthly av
1919 monthly av...
1920 monthly av...
1921 monthly av...

96
114
94
104

1OO
101
105

1OO
95
76

73
144
127
134

103
1OO
86
115

1920.
September
October
November
December

99
103
102
90

106
103
106
118

67
68
72
56

90
147
177
183

1921.
January
February
March
April ..

92
73
94
97

83
84
95
98

68
62
64
63

May
June
July.
August

87
83
110
137

98

77
95
124

October
November
December

138
143
105
91

1923.
January
February
March
April

100
105
183
125
64

141
116

82
1OO
117
122

103
41
71
255

165
100
120
189

136
142
118
100

167
129
122
108

71
129
72
63

144
130
69
82

92
67
72
74

96
75
78
91

54
57
75
89

52
41
69
96

86
96
197
218

143
126
125
115

88
111
98

170
233
260
264

195
132
81

98
100
100
81

110
97
119
85

77
80
64
60

May
June .
July
August.

83
84
106
126

89
90
97
124

September...
October

142

152




BARLEY.

82

71 1

See footnotes on opposite page.

397
389

i
'
!

113
MOVEMENT OF CEREALS.
Table 66.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
WHEAT FLOUR.
YEAR AND MONTH.

ConProduc- sumption. 5 tion.

WHEAT.

ShipVisible
ReStocks. i supply.3 ceipts.4 ments.4

Visible

supply

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.

51,378
9,703

|

!

18,861
21,619

14,198

37,735 '

32,517

8,857 ,
15,352 ;
10,476 I
5,346 ;

16,335

OATS,

Receipts at principal
interior markets.

Visible
supply.

21,158
17,447

10,233

24,774

i
13,525 !

14,995

8,845 |

3,817
4,664 \
5,276
4,952

9,058
7,435
8,385
9,438
6,907

1,294
1,648
1,809
1,936
1,912

20,694
22,200
22,651
27,299
24,844

17,415
19,784
18,384
24,025
23,692

2,777
3,988
3,712
2,573

28,335
19,264
17,800
17,880

18,512
22,298
15,478
46,968

8,149
27,602
34,414
32,194

17,985 !
28,409

9,653 |
18,949

| 5,973
| 10,854
| 6,043
j 5,280

20,235
18,461
10,113
18,097

8,538
10,328
8,169
8,631

4,192
3,679
2,292
2,069

5,795
6,616
5,058

5,571
4,456
3,707
3,483

30,187
19,639
13,789
12,372

15,977
24,745
35,277
25,495

39,348
26,196
33,973
11,541

17,375
13,431
21,102
13,637

3,147
3,670
4,023
3,588

3,754
2,075
3,111
2,137

2,203
1,398
1,304
1,544

16,717
11,316
15,253
9,731

27,000 j 22,517
30,172 I 21,001
61,994
25,741
68,643
52,464

17,708
27,363
17,519
13,490

21,319
35,240
17,658
29,381

21,282
21,576
19,127
21,565

4,696
4,577
4,195
5,772

2,551
3,859
3,073
6,387

1,369
1,465
2,557

12,855
20,570
22,152
40,690

30,114
34,401
37,562
60,455

87,197
119,943
133,702
135,823

61,406
41,568
25,576
23,975

40,300
28,758
19,455
13,634

13,262
22,328
18,197
27,109

36,561
34,496
15,467
39,723

26,961
21,160
12,770
17,403

6,092
6,569
6,174
6,001

5,086
4,013
2,102
1,704

5,488
3,006
1,987
2,346

19,016
21,994
10,841
13,420

61,824
69,917
69,198
67,728

7,300
7,500
6,000
5,700

120,804
107,791
99,764
88,772

17,458
22,700
20,220
15,630

11,335
11,536
14,135
10,684

30,3$3
44,767
51,040
39,502

52,097
58,330
31,035
14,552

29,393
31,842
23,891
12,019

5,179
5,946
6,685
4,211

2,265
2,358
3,291
1,881

1,267
1,589
3,254
1,417

16,483
17,711
15,340
9,371

67,423
70,470
64,644
55,837

7,245
7,368
7,909
10,080

5,500
5..500
7,037
8,100

67,853
48 ..816
40,513
44,097

29,070
20,997
39,534
60,644

25,474
21,927
21,612
48,846

31,170
33,068
23,304
10,007

27,083
31,157
25,975
24,380

23,691
19,463
26,009
21, 728

4,705
5,323
5,294
5,650

2,933
3,269
2,283
4,121

4,564
1,824
1,430
14,085

19,594
17,555
16,811
25,371

47,950
42,743
36,667
38,355

12;

9,317
11,091
9,146
10,102

6,142 ' 6,118
5,411 i 7,746
5,055 1 3,815
3,321
4,875

8,300

78,958

57,735

32,081

13,952

35,296

19,136

6,108

5,081

11,980

22,418

35,968

8,156

9,433

73,833

31,493

19,919

8,237
8,569

8,943
7,148

65,353
68,593

27,038
36,369

23,252
24,318

8,655
3,444
5,999
21,414

9,650
9,981
9,889
8,745

8,641
8,441
8,659
9,590

6,350
6,450
6,776
5,300

46,225
75,720
90,759
94,206

42,717
44,584
37,218
31,574

33,317
25,718
24,215
21,511

January
February
March
April

8,924
7,066
9,100

6,764
6,825
7,725
7,976

6,400
5,820
6,000
5,900

74,036
66,928
35,654
42,317

28,978
21,209
22,558
23,344

19,190
14, 996
15, 599 ;
18, 162

May....
June
July
August.

8,406
8,087
10,720
13,266

7,989
6,248
7,746
10,126 |

5,100
5,400
7,090
8,363

26,875
21,027
35,493
49,369

September..
October
November..
December..

13,349
13,917
10,166
8,856

11,660
10,248
10,164
9,365

8,265
10,425
9,241
7,776

9,496
9,732
9,658
7,823

8,991
7,893
9,720
6,898

May....
June
July....
August.

8,073
8,136
10,321
12,271

September..
October
November..
December..

13,785

i

1920.

September
October
November
December

4,195

8,404

j!

47,725
31,220
55,640
26,330

9,338
9,919
9,815

ReShip- Grind-i
ceipts.^ ments.4 ings.

RYE.

Thousands of bushels.

Thousands of barrels.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

BARLEY.

CORN.

,

1921.

1922.
January
February
March
April
,

I

j
I
j
;

|
|
I
I

33,632
34,142
33,903
30,740

I
1 Wheat flour production, consumption, and stocks reported by U. 8. Grain Corporation, prior to July, 1920, later months from Russell's Commercial News; Visible
supply of wheat and corn from Bradstreet's; Receipts and shipments of wheat and corn and receipts and visible supply (at nearest week to end of month) of oats, compiled
by Chicago Board of Trade, from the Price Current-Grain Reporter; receipts of barley and rye compiled from reports of commercial organizations by Federal Reserve Board;
grindings of corn by the wet process in the manufacture of cornstarch, glucose, etc., compiled by the American Manufacturers Association of Products from Corn and comprises the entire production of the United States.
2
Consumption calculated from production, stocks, imports, and exports. Stocks representflourin all positions, calculated from actual reports bearing a known relation to total stocks.
3 Aggregate stocks in United States and Canada east of the Rocky Mountains, on nearest Saturday to end of the month.
4
6 At principal primary markets.
For monthly production figures since January, 1914, see page 47 in the October, 1922 (No. 14) issue of the Survey.
15566—22
8




114
LIVE-STOCK MOVEMENT.
Table 67.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
HOGS.

CATTLE.
Shipments.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Total
receipts.

STOCKER
AND
FEEDER.

SHEEP.

Shipments.

TOTAL.

Total
Total
slaugh- receipts.
ter.

STOCKER
AND
FEEDER.

TOTAL.

Shipments.
Total
Total
slaugh- receipts.
ter.

STOCKER
AND
FEEDER.

TOTAL.

Total
slaughter. |

Relative to 1919.

80

87
93
1OO
76
66

84
95
100
92
80

97
109
100
91
81

85
101
100
95
92

86
108
100
81
56

86
99
100
107
103

January...
February.
March
April

92
72
89
76

79
55
55
56

85

97

67

76

65

106

142
93
107

119
113
142
101

142
111
120

142
84
101
75

70
62
58
64

May
June....
July
August..

87
92

67
62
50
64

114
99
76
68

90
58
36
47

117
110

113
95
69
62

72
90
115

64
75
104
112

63
80
72
50

78

117
127

97
106

126
107
90

58
68
108
76

140
116
106
95

120
103
84

1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average..
1919monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

93
102

100
91

85
101

61
75
100

67
84

72
81

100

100

74
45

86
78

87
101

52
24
23
46

58
49
43
61

87
77
75
67

40
39
56

68
67
85
123

67
80
95
104

128
134
109

138
183
148
45

135
165
124
59

116
93
96
85

79
67
77
74

15
11
15
18

57
48
57
58

104
89
100
94

85
82
78
110

21
15
24
70

77

96
104
95
127

67
78
93
84

116
133
89
73

96
126
88
35

118
138
87
73

114
124
94
76

90
89
79

81
62
65
54

32
29
25
17

73
54
56
47

72
74
64

100
90

71
83
100

1920.

September.
October
November.
December..

111
108
118

111
132
126
63

84
87
94
82

82

98

91

121

103

131

92

130

106

73

1921.
January...
February.
March
April

58
76
73

May
June
July
August..

77
65
91

46
38
54
54

87
52
67
78

49

93
112
94

September.
October
November.
December..

64

67

47

.
28~
81

81

66
55

74

95*

87

90

134

113

112

56

76

71

102

141

96
73
71

52
44
23
31
55
60
44
47

96
77

71

78

79
102
109
148

63
64

94
82
65

105
114
97
91
82

99
75
93
76
41
41

96
93

101
106
76
78

75
75
74
86

25
31
35
61

69
64
59
75

81
88
91
97

44

97

76

99

91

103

96

1922.
53

75

55

66

79
72

64

71

53

63

81
72
87
79

91

83

87

95

72

78

January...
February.
March
April

79

May
June....
July....
August..
September.
October
November.
December..




83
105

51

75

107

116

97

100
101
80
81

116

136

139

97

82

See footnote on opposite page.

150
111

115
LIVE-STOCK MOVEMENT.
Table 68.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
CATTLE.

HOGS.

Shipments.
Total
receipts. STOCKER

YEAB AND MONTH.

AND
FEEDER.

TOTAL.

SHEEP.

Shipments.
Total
slaughter.

Total
receipts. STOCKER
AND
FEEDER

TOTAL.

Shipments.
Total
slaughter.

Total
receipts.

STOCKER

j

AND

TOTAL.

Total
slaughter.

j FEEDER.

Thousands of animals.

2,157
2,572
2,536
2,272
2,193

1,618
1,869
2,265
1,876
2,008

352
432
578
430
258

1,011
1,210
1,043

1,054

942

1,069

3,593

1,596

303

699

922

2,139

1,411

140

589

812

,427

2,556

1,308

135

520

792

76

,146

1,902

1,460

26&

734

709

4,263

68

,397

2,859

1,488

234

818

706

3,709

43

,308

2,421

1,640

227

806

845

2,850

27

,101

1,754

2,034

324

1,029

1,002

1,043

2,525

36

1,564

2,607

568

1,486

1,099
1,218

747

1,109

3,159

64

1,027

1918 monthly average

j

2,104

408

850

1,241

3,766

81

1,185

1919 monthly average

I 2,054

440

894

1,141

3,737

1920 monthly average.

1,866

336

818

1,034

3,549

75
61

1921 monthly average.

1,648

291

718

922

3,422

42

1,194
1,273
1,227

January...
February.
March
April

,881

348

761

1,105

5,311

90

,486

240

602

871

3,467

85

,321

,822

241

582

1,209

4,000

107

,561

244

605

961

3,065

May....
June
July....
August..

.,784

295

783

992

,887

272

799

1,069

,678

218

734

940

,970

283

1917 monthly average

1,094

756
855
915

1920.

September.
October
November.
December..

1,087

1,172

2,391

47

935

1,452

2,896

796

1,632

2,209

580

1,172

1,049

2,789

60

1,068

1,726

3,027

1,059

2,001

978

2,427

553

1,166

1,207

3,872

54

1,400

2,465

2,471

857

1,499

1,010

1,392

279

650

785

4,195

37

1,520

2,680

1,566

259

710

891

January...
February.
March
April

1,644

205

609

995

4,700

43

1,666

3,032

1,792

687

1,101

1,190

166

465

728

4,009

51

1,391

2,604

1,516

62

586

935

1,565

237

600

948

3,382

81

1,261

2,119

1,750

88

693

1,053

1,494

238

612

892

3,230

57

1,136

2,097

1,677

107

706

988

May....
June
July....
August..

1,542

214

597

924

3,328

39

1,045

2,270

1,916

123

926

1,015

1,580

209

593

1,005

3,579

33

1,143

2,474

1,850

89

768

,093

1,343

122

492

844

2,727

17

919

1,808

1,776

139

772

,006

1,867

355

997

2,656

23

931

1,722

2,500

404

1,123

,335

September.

1,906

395

October

2,302

622

November.

1,928

497

December..

1,415

245

January...

1,628

233

February.

1,416

243

March

1,622

282

1,470

2,294

1921.

911
1,194

2,655

41

951

1,697

2,618

555

1,428

,200

1,073

3,212

45

1,219

1,990

3,013

731

1,668

,311

935

3,687

33

1,297

2,370

2,026

511

1,052

988

740

3,911

35

1,765

2,137

1,664

202

881

804

927

4,278

27

1,787

2,484

,835

183

887

925

822

3,612

62

1,327

2,285

,399

169

656

760

632

994

3,411

74

1,181

2,246

,465

143

677

780

235

562

898

3,067

56

1,067

2,000

,227

97

564

678
852

997
682

1922.

April

,

May....

1,878

365

780

1,086

3,737

70

1,149

2,571

,692

145

832

June

1,759

315

701

1,058

3,776

57

1,114

2,677

,700

182

777

924

July

1,709

223

669

1,002

2,980

31

1,025

1,940

,677

204

717

956

August.

2,149

469

1,035

1,106

3,037

31

1,065

1,976

1,951

350

904

1,021

September
October
November
December

2,373

597

1,241

1,107

3,062

33

1,153

1,917

2,241

524

1,241

1,008

These figures represent the movement at between 60 and 70 markets; data procured from the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.




116

MEAT PRODUCTS.
Table 69.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

EXPORTS.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Pork
products. &

Beef
products. 6

Beef

100

313

147

236

132

239

1918 mo. av..
1919 mo. av..
1920 mo. av..
1921 mo. av..

229

473

268

235

156

143

169

112

1920.
September...
October. . . .
November...
December...
1921.
January
February
March. . ..
April
May
June
July
August .
September...
October
November...
December....
1922.
January
February
March
April .
May.
June
July
August
September
October
November
December...

125

78

150

101

157

104

228

111

197

182

184

107

174

93

144

107

172

117

155

97

209

132

213

136

212

136

121

94

110

74

130

69

156

67

168

91

152

131

110

101

121

141

146

146

163

112

156

101

146

102




Beef.

Pork.

47
78

67
70

40

108
1OO
70
44

94
100
99
85

66

37
33
37
42

107
80
57
51

59
60
61
58

65

810

83

928

105

705

107

458

51
46
40
35

105

298

108

189

110

10-t

101

80

28
25
27
33

85
61

70

53

100
183
324

131
301
582
674

WHOLESALE PRICES.

APPARENT
CONSUMPTION
OF MEAT.<

Lamb
and
mutton.

Beef.

Relative to 1913.

89

138

Lamb
and
mutton .9

100

94

Pork
products.s
Relative to 1918

Relative to 1913.
1913 mo. av .
1914 mo. av .
1915 mo. av .
1916 mo. av..
1917 mo. av..

PRODUCTIONINSPECTED
SLAUGHTERS

COLD-STORAGE
HOLDINGS.?

Beef (fresh).

Good
Steer
native rounds, Loins,
fresh,
No. 2, Chicago.
steers,
Chicago. Chicago.

Pork.

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

1OO
96
106
116
137

1OO
96
108
116
89

1OO

1OO

1OO

100

98

105

102

103

84

100

95

96

154
131
121
109

117
120
111
116

70

128
127
132
108

70
84
113
137

113
88
109
101

154
138
111
108

84

102
114
101
118

116
128
110
94

71

45

82

43

89

119
125
114
99

51

74

77
47
34
34

27
24
21
20

76
83
94
91

25
27
44
39

20
22

81
62

82
96

64

84

i
I
i

74
86
79

75
67
85

60
67

87

109

115

167

124

164

129

171

169

198

100

180

171

212

149

178

163

207

155

126

110

151

173

201

183

271

175

195

165

258

169

185

157

197

124

171

142

139

151

134

122

146

111

124

109

130

133

126

115

170

150

127

122

182

140

127

120

150

167

124

118

131

100
94
96
70

81

86

99

99

79
88
77
91

78

72
72

107

82
64
83
79

67

78

153

104
1OO
93
82

82

93

157

115

122

150

152

124

122

192

'•

169
188

123

110
96

184
162

,

127

175

133

87

121

168

127

83

95

40
42

35
33
31
29

71

Pork.

118

77

133

66

111
98
119
106

144

72

123

59

118

64

105

56

124
125
119
127

133

63

149

70

117

65

109

71

89
93
83
74

85
74
89
80
1

94
94
89
95

172

119

90

108

141

112

97

114

134

112

101

133

145

112

110

159

170

112

116

160

178

112

123

135

175

114

130

173

120

125

160
173

120

114

191

i

See footnotes on opposite page.

•

i

117
MEAT PRODUCTS.
Table 70.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Pork
prod5

ucts.

Beef
products.*

Beef
prodUCtS.7

Pork
products.*

APPARENT
CONSUMPTION
OF MEAT.*

PRODUCTIONINSPECTED
^LAUGHTER.3

COLD-STORAGE
HOLDINGS. 2

EXPORTS.

Lamb
and
mutton.s

Beef.

Pork.

Lamb
and
mutton.

Beef.

Pork.

WHOLESALE PRICES.
Beef (fresh).

Pork.

Steer
Good
native rounds, Loins,
fresh,
steers, No. 2, Chicago.
Chicago. Chicago.
Dollars per pound.

Thousands of pounds.

82,058

13,625

343,402

482,846

52,389

$0,130

$0,131

$0,149

1Q14 m o 8.V

76,826

12,163

328,805

464,139

51,226

.136

.133

.154

1915 mo 9.v

113,205
120,932

42,609

364,210

521,302

44,125

.129

.124

.143

1916 mo. av..
1917 mo. av.. 108,209
! 1918 mo. av..
1919 mo. av..
1920 mo. av..
1921 mo. av..

32,105

112,462

609,290

3,383

396,865

558,919

43,219

365,063

429,322

.138

' .130

.162

32,502

186,647

638,684

4,477

469,328

428,233

33,645

427,141

321,411

.167

.162

.244

187,554

64,444

258,167

856,059

5,580

527,898

566,370

36,641

465,686

360,829

.221

.221

.295

219,803

32,053

240,140

912,053

8,413

451,389

580,989

43,890

447,129

279,897

.233

.224

.315

128,004

19,545

168,108

904,425

15,362

415,434

538,286

35,255

413,968

416,303

.230

.213

.307

138,308

15,249

104,545

770,717

27,222

372,858

561,614

41,134

365,273

433,965

.163

.145

.225

.403

I

1920.
September..
October
November...
December...
1921.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September..
October
November...
December...

102,472

10,589

89,721

977,785

11,021

440,290

335,887

42,395

448,827

485,552

260

.240

123,191

13,802

78,055

725,699

25,324

434,715

406,316

40,844

419,017

489,236

.252

.216

.384

129,168

14,204

89,015

520,127

48,997

453,689

544,410

37,906

428,474

472,078

.240

.205

.293

187,127

15,177

100,006

463,360

56,702

369,178

663,404

37,586

314,828

346,463

.225

.186

.206

161,694

24,767

142,813

593,299

68,032

387,870

744,128

44,101

367,300

422,389

.174

.160

.218

151,336

14,547

142,891

734,659

78,082

302,992

664,634

38,942

286,107

312,003

.160

.143

.193

143,168

12,627

146,409

957,230

59,304

375,973

536,427

44,837

372,900

371,959

.163

.150

.253

118,192

14,624

138,345

971,520

38,520

347,569

521,521

41,282

351,725

420,270

.165

.160

.270
.223

141,041

15,911

122,188

954,618

25,129

351,405

550, 758

37,367

351,545

390,985

.165

.158

127,908

13,192

109,553

983,380

15,877

391,699

619,355

39,118

394,414

471,333

.160

.155

.195

171,561

18,018

96,220

1,003,562

8,714

347, 792

529,514

35,040

343,882

439,480

.149

.160

.123

174,917

18,499

84,091

922,059

6,751

406,110

451,662

44,433

407,509

424,972

.160

.160

.285

173,989

18,568

67,334

773,852

5,903

407,349

422,022

45,290

397,223

472,920

.160

.144

.274

99,202

12,773

59,822

557,016

5,993

427,661

480,622

48,486

414,455

525,838

.164

.125

.240

90,248

10,043

64,156

408,312

6,840

392,487

567,622

40,149

370,210

489,336

.173

.114

.180

106,440

9,420

80,007

396,397

7,520

341,040

641,093

34,557

330,245

469,521

.164

.108

.141

1922.
January
February
March
April
May

June .
Julv
August
September
October
November
December

127,623

9,109

84,808

462,637

6,444

381,718

693,020

37,515-

379,993

482,083

.154

.118

.160

138,055

12,404

78,295

546,100

3,914

336,393

594,090

30,754

329,038

393,499

.145

.128

124,411

17,808

73,782

608,747

2,863

408,248

568,137

33,656

395,747

375,276

.145

.132

.169
.198

90,132

13,735

69,516

677,254

2,878

363,071

508,909

29,299

356,787

405,764

.145

.144

.236

99,440

19,145

64,507

690,296

2,071

427,393

644,495

33,226

418,682

475,985

.145

.151

.238

119,855

19,894

56,852

759,453

2,310

429,692

720,687

36,427

419,197

498,674

.145

.161

.200

133,426

15,281

50,706

861,638

3,720

407,330

34,033

400,152

488,760

.148

.170

.238

127,667

13,751

47,030

826,535

3,308

437,813

37,430

425,163

485,361

.155

.164

.256

120,154

13,832

48,291

739,425

3,376

.155

.149

.284

53,566

565,146

3,539

567,065
525,889

iExports reported by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; cold-storage holdings from the U. S. Department of Agriculture,
Bureau of Agricultural Economics: production of beef and pork from animals slaughtered under Federal inspection reported by the U. S. Department of Agriculture,
Bureau of Animal Industry. Apparent consumption has been computed from the inspected slaughter plus imports less exports and the change in storage holdings. Wholesale 2prices are average for the month from U. S. Department of labor, Bureau of Labor Statistic*.
Cold-storage holdings are distinctly seasonal. No allowance for this has been made in calculating index numbers. Figures represent storage holdings on thefirstday
of each month.
3
Total dressed weight slaughtered under Federal inspection, including veal with beef. The slaughter under Federal inspection, according to census figures in 1919,
amounted to 68 per cent of the total number of animals slaughtered in the United States in the case of hogs and 82 per cent in the case of beef and 91 per cent for lamb.
* Includes meat produced under Federal inspection only.
6
Includes bacon, ham, shoulders, 1 ard, neutrallard, and canned, fresh, and pickled pork.
6
Includes fresh, canned, pickled, and cured beef, and oleo oil and tallow
7
Includes beef, frozen, cured, and in process of cure.
8
Includes pork, frozen, dry salt, and pickled, both cured and in process of cure, and lard.
9
Frozen 1 amb and mutton.




118
MILK.
Table 71.—INDEX

NUMBERS.

Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
CONDENSED AND
EVAPORATED MILK

FLUID MILK.

YEAR AND MONTH.

(case goods).

Receipts Receipts Receipts Producat
tion,
at
at
Boston
Greater Phila- (includ- Minne- Production.
apolisNew delphia;
ing
St.
York.a
cream).4
Relative to 1913.

Exports.

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

100
101
106
108
110

1OO
100
103
110
108

90

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.

118
125
136
143

111
124
131
139

93
1OO
106
100

135
139
131
133

130
128
119
115

January...
February.
March
April

132
124
143
141

May....
June
July....
August.
September.
October
November.
December..

Stocks.7 Production.

Relative Relative
to 1920. to 1919.

Relative to 1919.

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

ICE
CREAM,

2
3
9
26
50

109
170

77
1OO
76
71

65
1OO
48
34

1OO
79

94
100
111
110

107
112
101
103

91
112

71
35
20
21

30
28
24
27

122
140
135
122

145
89
49
43

116
116
130
123

101
94
110
106

139
153
183
182

24
34
58
86

42
31
40
28

102
80
61
46

44
46
75
97

153
161
162
149

129
138
143
128

119
123
118
110

225
229
179
165

113
111
81

13
31
24
43

52
79
103
105

.148
203
240
171

151
144
122
134

127
127
116
115

108
106
100
103

137
140
136
171

73
74
58
55

54
45
26
31

78
79
77
84

139
67
48
41

January...
February.
March
April

137
128
148
144

118
118
132

113
104
103
110

192
182
207
192

55
52
62

26
28
35
34

84
78
69
62

41
49
66
92

May....
June
July....
August.

166
165
161
154

8 138

125
129
125
118

226
224
189
155

94
95

22
22
12
16

65
77
83
72

161
207

September.
October....
November.
December..

149

112

146

15

70

100

1920.
September.
October
November.
December..
1921.

1922.

1
See footnotes on opposite page also.
i Milk receipts at Greater New York from the Milk Reporter; at Philadelphia from the Philadelphia Milk Exchange up to Jan. 1,1922, current figures from the Interstate
Milk Producers Association; receipts at Boston from Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities; milk production in Minneapolis-St. Paul district from Twin City Milk
Producers Association; exports of condensed milk from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; production and stocks of condensed
milk and production of ice cream from U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics; milk delivered t o milk plants from the Dairymen's League Cooperative Association, estimated to represent from 60 to 75 per cent of the milk handled in the association's territory, covering all New York State and parts of Pennsylvania,
New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont.




119
MILK.
Table 72.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-face type; index numbers on opposite page.]
CONDENSED AND
EVAPORATED MILK
(case goods).

FLUID MILK.

ICE
CREAM

MILK DELIVERIES TO MILK PLANTS.

For manufacture of—
ReReProReceipts ceipts ceipts duction,
at
at
at
Great- Phila- Boston Minneapoliser
(indel- 3 cluding St.
New
York.2 phia. cream.)4 Paul.s

YEAR AND MONTH.

Thou- ;
sands of
cans, 40
quarts i
each. I
1913 monthly average... 1,496

Thousands of quarts.

Production.

Exports.

Stocks.?

Thousands of pounds.

,14,452

Production.

Total.

Fluid
milk.

Thousands of
gallons.

Soft
Milk
cheese, chocoice
late,
cream, whole Butter.
conmilk
densed powder,
milk,
etc.
etc.

Cheese
(American).

Thousands of pounds.

1,377

1914 monthly average...

1,513 |

14,478

1,904

1915 monthly average...

1,590 I 14,869

6,307

1916 monthly average.

1,613

15,949

1917 monthly average.,..

1,652

15,571

11,727

1918 monthly average...!

1,763

16,113

12,193

1919 monthly average...!

1,873

17,984 i 1 3 , 0 5 9

1920 monthly average...;

2,036

18,914

13,865

7,786

1921 monthly average... j 2,142 ! 20,107

13,010

12,141

18,307
35,705
5,715

7,145

110,639

10,470
11,098

45,928

143,956 71,073
109,427
102,261

34,252

224,689

12,358

24,140

177,066

12,193

8,012

102,638
51,159
29,098
30,159

21,342
20,147
17,207
19,268

275,156
315,380
302,800
274,681

16,107
9,823
5,391
4,774

4,919

I
1920.
18,723
18,509
17,208
16,564

13,935
14,586
13,201
13,421

16,741
16,810
18,771
17,840

13,180
12,321
14,334
13,857

9,934
10,898
13,100
13,023

34,964
48,700
83,513
123,639

30,192
21,830
28,194
20,221

229,386
180,744
135,966
103,698

10,756

18,591
19,978
20,598
18,521

15,525
16,054
15,383
14,311

16,098
16,376
12,758
11,773

163,288
160,140
116,127
127,167

9,186
21,700
17,338
30,360

116,557
178,367
232,374
235,056

16,382
22,516
26,624
18,986

434,411
459,518
377,353
364,293

174,457
182,052
182,790
166,209

84,621
96,789
107,963
72,747

50,770
57,699
25,550
44,994

70,733
59,189
19,426
42,738

53,830
63,789
41,624
37,605

18,368
18,376
16,714
16,588

14,045
13,786
13,115
13,484

9,767
9,996
9,739
12,226

104,958
106,134
84,072
78,813

38,061
32,232
18,126
22,238

174,254
177,672
172,170

15,425

320,441
196,734
234,332
272,196

176,592
95,640
123,120
140,880

56,510
31,900
41,060
49,425

26,256
25,066
32,938
37,170

35,994
28,586
27,604
34,564

25,089
15,542
9,610
10,157

17,088
17,094
2,209
19,142
2,156 3 17,545

14,743
13,523
13,438
14,428

13,698
13,031
14,812
13,687

791,366

18,352
19,951
25,006
24,234

189,227
176,332
155,650
139,418

290,644
273,865
353,014
333,838

150,617
131,235
147,449
95,983

51,959
55,871
74,033
92,983

35,703
38,041
49,942
66,986

41,080
38,350
61,369
43,749

11,285
10,368
20,221
34,633

3 19 909

2,302

16,287
16,889
16,377
15,402

16,114
16,019
13,509
11,042

15,711
15,706
8,823
11,247

145,667
173,817
187,367
161,846

422,697
407,426
353,526
299,451

110,260
110,301
112,272
96,623

125,364
111,458
96,184
77,991

101,505
92,566
77,183
69,397

45,134
46,323
31,211
27,746

40,434
46,778
36,676
27,693

2,233

14,589

10,396

10,549

158,371

102,057

67,101

49,044

29,045

21,632

2,027

September
October
November
December

2,075
1,953
1,992

6,328
6,336
6,486

1921.
January
February
March
April

,

May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

1,978
1,854
2,143
2,111
2,289
2,414
2,427
2,229
2,262
2,155
1,826
2,012

5,147
8,336

7,417
5,277
4,526

1922.
January
February
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September
October
November
December

2,050
1,908

2,479
2,475
2,412

74,557
88,759
99,861

134,826
136,528

4,518
5,436
7,286
10,231

17,854
82,922

I
* Receipts of milk, excluding cream, in the metropolitan area around New York City, including many large cities in New Jersey.
8
Receipts of milk, including cream and condensed milk by railroad, trolley, and auto truck; figures for April and May, 1922, do not include auto truck receipts, which
amount to about 1,000,000 quarts.
4
Receipts of milk by rail, including cream.
* Production of whole milk by members of the Twin City Milk Association, including most of the area within a 40-mile radius of Minneapolis and St. Paul.
8
Production compiled by months but issued quarterly; figures not available at time of going to press.
11nclude bulk goods also and are given as of the first day of the month.




120
BUTTER AND CHEESE.
Table 73.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
CHEESE.

BUTTER.

Production.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

Cold- WholeReceipts storage sale
holdat 5
ings 5price,
marmarkets.2 (cream- kets.e
ery),

Relative to 1919.

Relative
to
1916-20.

BUTTER.

Cold- WholeReceipts storage
sale
holdprice,
at 5
ings
mar- (Amer- 5 markets.' ican).* kets. 7

Production.3

Production.

Cold- WholeReceipts storage sale
hold- price,
at 5
ings 5 marmarkets.2 (cream- kets.e
ery).*

Relative! R e l a t i v e

Relative to 1919.

! 1916-20.

to1919

'

Thousands of pounds.

1OO
|

1917 mo. av
1918 mo. av

I

1919 mo. av
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av

70

96

94
1OO

120
87

89
100

118

120

103

95

107

91
73
58
57

205
201
181
141

68,181

104

1OO

72,344 4 5 , 8 7 1
71,965 39,269
86,627 47,445

1OO

104

85

103

85

100

90

82

100
90
70

92
80
53
41

79

162

90

77,106

41,966

78

148

87

65,129

33,611

84

131

84

53,570

26,643

72

107

80

70

92

94

58,906

69

67

81

56,556

105

99

56,364
51,825
53,939
50,305

100

92

1916-1920 m o . av

72

Dollars
per
pound.

Productions

Cold- WholeReceipts storage sale
hold- price,
at 5
ings
mar- (Amer- 5 markets.2 ican).* k e t s ;

Thousands of pounds.

B.—NUMERICAL

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

1916 m o . av

CHEESE.

Dollars
per
pound.

DATA.

37,178
25,850
44,679
38,552

22,338

66,410 S0.593 25,771 16,281
59,341
22,126 13,814
.586
21, 783 14,719
53,491
.429

38,664 SO.31O
38,147
.280
30,585
.216

I

1920.
September
October
November
December...

90
74
72

96
96 |
j
105 ]
;
89

|
|

52,395 I 26,326

115,558
113,385
101,778
79,750

.567
.570
.620
.528

23,785
20,593
13,559
10,637

12,831
12,767
13,727
11,703

60,372
.279
55,007 ;
48,566 ' .261
39,921
.249

30,939
27,996
35,593
38,841

58,682
41,486
27,103
14,732

.502
.493
.455
.441

12,228
13,122
17,994
23,919

11,387
11,274
12,675
14,145

34,115
25,000 | .251
17,477 ! .250
14,294 : .263

60,208
82,882
61,786
62,337

7,712
21,682
61,991
82,838

.316
.324
.392
.448

35,077

.152

26,963

19,567 13,466
21,619 17,814
19,180 I 34,948
12,863 I 41,284

50,546
43,785
37,282
37,172

92,292
90,116
78,014
65,138

.425
.461
.451
.435

23,071
20,969
13,216
11,547

14,841
16,382
13,455
11,237

46,635
45,163
43,015
34,062

.200
.214
.220
.206

41,697
38,894
44,919
42,694

48,411
35,042
22,557
9,113

.365
.375
.371
.363

12,077
13,076
17,411
19,159

10,684
11,319
14,586
15,757

27,691
21,430
14,953
10,745

.209

.360
.377
.367
.362

27,979
32,648

18,809
22,756
23,940
19,819

18,980
15,481
33,130
46,287

.175

112,039
96,367

.410

17,729

53,625

.216

!

1921.
January
February
March
April

|

i
81
78
94
111

67
61
78
85

104
74
48
26

85
83
77
74

47
51
70
93

47

80

67,677

38

78

85

80,363

May....
June
July....
August-

165

131

14

53

136

120

36

49

119,077

181

181

38

55

143

133

48

49

130,633

151

135

110

102

118

94

60

109,288

151

136

147

105

79

111

64

108,897

September
October
November
December

121

110
95
81

164

72

90

91

87,634

78

81

101

69

82,785

138

76

51

83

71

68,604

81

116

73

45

125
121
116
92

64

160

66

69,104

114
95

1922.
January
February...
March
April

. 99

91

62

47

74

67

71,745

91

85

62

63

51

70

58

67

65,764

107

98

40

63

68

90

40

64

77,521

116

93

16

61

74

97

29

59

83,881

178

150

61

109

116

51

56

128,554 •

201

203

23

64

127

140

42

61

145,7b6

202

120

62

147

89

65

136

May....
June
July....
August.

183

61

122

125

65

3,830
68,893
93,139 13,202
92,829 67,410
62,494 103,329

144

70

46,419

September
October
November...
December...

101

109

199

133

171

36,951
26,342

I
1
3

Data from U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, and San Francisco. Total of weekly figures with first and last weeks of month prorated.
»Includes whole milk, part skim, and full skim.
< Holdings on first day of month.
* Production compiled by months but issued quarterly; figures not available at time of going to press.
«Average of weekly prices of creamery butter, 92 score, at Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, and San Francisco.
i Average of weekly prices of American cheese, No. 1 fresh twins, at Boston, New York, Wisconsin, Chicago, and San Francisco.




49,455

.153
.185
.200

.208
.199
.183

.188
.200
.200

121
POULTRY, EGGS, AND FISH.
Table 74.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA,
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
POULTRY.
Receipts
at 5
markets.s

YEAR AND MONTH.

FISH.

EGGS.

Coldstorage
holdings. 3

Receipts
at 5
markets.2

POULTRY.

Total
catch.

Relative
to 1916-20.

Relative to 1919.

Coldstorage
holdings
(case
eggs).*

Relative to 1919.

T h

pSsS°f

FISH.

\

100
97
108

1OO
103

121
93
111
91
112

Thousands of
pounds.

3,689

3,118

92
107
1OO
90

13,513
13,549
s 14,300
16,936

4,472
3,413
4,089
3,355
4,132

15,999
18,549
17,358
15,675
13,608

5

98

61
100
70
72

Coldstorage
holdings.*

B. -NUMERICAL DATA.

5 78
5 78
5 82

!

Total
catch.

Thousands of cases.7 |

100

1916-1920 monthly average.,
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
,
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average
average
average
average
average
average

EGGS.

! ColdColdColdstorage
storage Receipts storage Receipts ! holdings
at 5
at 5
hold- markets. 2 hold- markets. 2 ! (case
ings. 3
ings.*
1 eggs).*

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

!

101
100
73
72

19,804
19,148
21,481

40,352
66,565
46,853
48,224

1,188
1,027
1,229

;
j 62,501
j 61,764
| 45,296
44,268
I

1920.
September..
October
November..
December..

83
82
191
281

32
34
47
74

50
33
30

173
144
104
49

124
72
55
51

119
122
119
94

55
98
166
210

11
1
1
52

54
60
52
76

72
53
41
32

177
130
95
93

133
186
204
206

93
109
241
314

30
38
52

77
62
34
45

195
170
119
65

115
76
67
57

156
155
133
103

68
86
164
245

May....
June
July....
August.

73
82
84
79

76
58
52
46

218
162
131
87

September.
October
November..
December..

87

42
39

90
104
110
106

16,480
16,317
37,909
55,554

21,331
22,953
31,070
49,046

811
589
391
360

6,372
5,295
3,838
1,824

16,267 ; 55,602
17,612 ; 64,438
12,715
67,828
11,915
65,387

78
68
54
46

24,523
14,260
10,963
10,191

79,025
81,096
79,001
62,315

1,168
1,977
2,498

408
43
43
1,926

11,869
48,320
14,806 '• 42,116
14,059 ! 33,411
10,048 ( 28,444

43
52
65
77

10, 719
11,874
10,392
15,128

47,651
35,408
27,268
21,188

2,101
1,539
1,129
1,100

4,909
6,844 |
7,534 j
7,605 !

11,920
17,505
14,983
17,267

26,346
32,311
40,160
47,462

96
59
52

88
94
99
96

18,400
21,525
47,674
62,124

20,064
25,602
34,876
65,167

919
732
399
538

7,210
6,269 !
4,387 !
2,402 |

14,870
16,667
10,235
9,065

54,591
58,242
61,149
59,074

24
5
(8)
26

78
124
107
76

61
41
28

22,865
15,010
13,189
11,196

103,697
103,350
88,709
68,479

805
1,026
1,947
2,911

13,539
21,472
18,623
13,160

48,320
37,621
25,474
17,485

126
218
266
275

87
91
108
116

34
41
52

14,552
16,207
16,709
15,571

50,818
38,602
34,837
30,659

2,587
1,929
1,561
1,028

4,648
8,056
9,811
10,161

15,168
15.757
18,738
20,167

17,074
20,818
25,601
32,227

260
213

102

66

17,229

27,671
25,883

815

9,608
7,868

17,671

40,796

94
101
73

1921.
January..
February.
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

85
81
58

101
86

1922.
January..
February.
March
April

179

13 I
950 j

1
Data compiled by XJ. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, except fish catch representing landings from vessels at Boston and Gloucester,
Mass., Portland, Me., and Seattle, Wash., compiled by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Fisheries.
2
Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, and San Francisco. Total of weekly figures with first and last weeks of month prorated.
3
6
At end of the month.
*
Holdings on first day of month.
4
7
As of 15th of the month.
One case of eggs equals 30 dozen, or about 45 pounds net.
8
* Excluding Portland and Seattle.
Index number less than 1.




122

RICE.
Table 75.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
SHIPMENTS.
RECEIPTS
AT
MILLS.

Total
from
mills.

New
Orleans.

YEAR AND MONTH.

STOCKS, END

RECEIPTS
EXIMDomesAT
ticat Foreign; P O R T S - PORTS, MILLS.
mills in ware-11
and
house. ;
dealers.
I

Total
from
mills.

Barrels
of 162
pounds.2

Relative to 1919.

77
105
97

1918 monthly av.
1919 monthly a v .
1920 monthly a v .
1921 monthly a v .

104
100
105
131

100
91

1920.
September..
October
November..
December..

13
18
35
55

468,036
640,627
591,159

479,349
652,912
642,918

169,718
203,340
196,238
258,484
275,513

48

328
100
81
47

45
100
104
159

633,910
609,477
639,610
796,277

699,754
611,661
554,723
957, 589

278, 758
254,825
222,175
318,147

92
119
288
360

145
108
94
74

42
13
23
25

15
39
107
167

651,263
1,343,683
2,234,281
1,055,358

610,134
963,263
900,793
593,424

255,704
379,388
329,539
228,537

138
145
147
136

299
239
197
196

57
53
49
42

43
36
34
56

127
124
145
188

647,457
472,774
825,360
973,141

1,121,878
1,210,239
1,037,009
1,036,690

232
129
137
149

151
120
130
150

184
130
79
86

46
55
35
41

56
69
14
52

167
235
201
197

1,144,416
439,510
385,328
980,719

126
193
140
145

123
142
122
124

107
81
85
109

85
119
139
155

28
63
65
51

19
86
45
51

174
129
109
114

159
163
214
51

141
167
196
82

73
131
166
63

185
204
190
165

57
61
38
46

63
39
31
36

15
7
3
74

79
46
44
85

79
56

120
94
63
50

63
51
49
42

149

129

96

77

93
126
108
84
100
159
159

168
100

157

109
100
87
125

107
220
367
173

100
157
147
97

100
149
129
90

1921.
January
February....
March
April

106
78
135
160

183
198
170
169

June
July....
August.

188
72
63
161

September..
October
November..
December..
1922.
January
February...
March
April

September..
October
November..
December..

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
141
142
156
132
163

67
80
77
101
108

May....
June....
July....
August.

IMEXDomestic at Foreign PORTS. JPORTS
mills in wareand
house.
dealers.

New
Orleans.

In pockets of 100 pounds.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly a v .
1914 monthly a v .
1915 monthly a v .
1916 monthly a v .
1917 monthly av.

STOCKS, END
OF MONTH.

SHIPMENTS.

OF MONTH.

107
105
114

92
111

104

237, 759
285,396

191,510
193,597
212,140
179,760
222,059

682,788 432,807
811,658 257,359
1,287,057 268, 712
1,291,023 123,070

446,741
136,090
109,706
63,532

\\ 139,944
314,063
1 327,177
1
- 500,049

747,693
965,953
2,338,517
2,922,698

373,096
278,219
240, 874
189,305

57,196
17,848
31,442
33,379

46,000
122,656
336,763
525,564

351,341
370,537
374,494
347,113

2,430,782
1,935,844
1,600,937
1,593,049

145,893
136,722
126,950
108,139

58,242
49,298
46,417
76,162

399,020
390,326
455,792
589,076

1,420,264
787,344
839,608
910,458

384,232
305,436
331,005
382,944

1,493,210
1,059,100
640,711
696, 742

117,425
141,692
90,049
105,255

76,182
94,001
19,182
71,016

524,253
737,697
632,650
619,817

767,628
1,177,836
855,773
885,383

752,036
871,375
744,597
759,564

271,444
205,417
215,978
277,821

686,344
968,175
1,128,925
1,258,454

71,272
162,187
140, 779
130,482

25,201
117,191
60,589
68,901

545,767
406,029
340,996
359,166

75
128
213
135

966,825
992,952
1,301,984
309,256

862,554
1,020,375
1,198,126

185,931
333,436
423,044

1,505,521
1,653,294
1,540,545
1,335,899

147,276
155,881
97,920
117,115

86,395
53,447
42,752
48,996

236,723
400,867
669,032
422,883

63
25
15
15

100
149
105
83

90,891
44,793
21,106
448,897

481,812
283,198
267,552
519,652

972,422
761,982
515,190
402,278

163,092
131,332
126,421
107,001

86,100
34,653
20,521
20,664

312,840
468,321
329,792
261,182

338

38

909,359

790,466 | 243,967

3 51,285

119,415

7

757,281
1,021,642
872,667

161,537 I
200,198
142,528
135,916
226,831

i
I
.
I
:

621,405

j:
!|
||
|!
!|

23,004
41,904
56,327
109,114
172,990

1
Receipts, shipments and stocks at mills from Rice Millers' A ssociation, comprising movement of the whole rice crop except California r ce. Shipments of rice through
New Orleans compiled by New Orleans Board of Trade. Stocks of foreign rice in warehouses and imports and exports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign
and 2
Domestic Commerce, data for rough rice being reduced to the equivalent clean rice at 162 pounds of rough to 100 pounds of clean.
Rough rice barrels of 162 pounds are equivalent to clean rice pockets of 100 pounds each.
3 Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.




123
COFFEE AND TEA.
Table 76.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
COFFEE.

TEA.

Clearances
from Brazil.
ImReports
ceipts
into
in
To
World United Brazil.* Total.3 United U.S.
total. States.
States.4

Imports
into
U.S.

Visible supply. 6

YEAR AND MONTH.

COFFEE.

Relative to
5-year average.

Relative to 1913.

United
States.

121

122

125

112

111

121

135

107

131

127

138

129

107

139

106

102

155

142

128

61

103

132

82

136

121

134

1919 monthly av..

63

61

80

84

91

147

82

1920 monthly av..

66

58

90

162

143

92

1921 monthly av..

75

111

101

131

148

77

8,493
7,187
7,425
7,770
8,891

1914 monthly av..

99

1915 monthly av..

80

1916 monthly av..

78

104

1917 monthly av..

72

1918 monthly av..

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

To
United
States.*

Total.3

Imports
into
U.S.

Imports
into
U.S.

Thousands of
pounds.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
100
94
111

100
84
89

1913 monthly av..

Receipts
in
Brazil.^

Thousands of bags.5

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1909-1913 mo. av

Clearances from
Brazil.

Visible supply.*

World
total.

TEA.

100
90
99

544

75,659
71,044
84,256
102,438
97,241

8,241
7,418
8,151
8,842
8,814

610
536
359
637
513

107,209
91,788
111,130
108,118
111,956

10,566
11,044
6,747
7,567
6,374

1,286
1,002
1,017
930

290
465
677

96,661
97,127
75,654
72,752

8,441
7,929
6,015
4,198

1,076
1,154
964

594
680
712
503

110,956
130,413
141,729
162,397

3,247
2,711
5,387
4,711

727
776
975

218
345
386
310

123,191
76,762
83,703
94,897

4,383
5,094
5,080
7,844

514
673
783
433

63,546
78,174
124,955
152,776

8,391
9,220
9,258
11,162

955
1,151
1,072
1,249

990
1,207
1,103
1,261

393

11,679
9,441
9,200

1,894
1,593
1,689
1,970
2,633
1,960
1,162
1,691
1,686

1,009
1,261
762
558
1,064

1,014
813
831
891
1,003

1,936

1,365
1,429
1,436
1,397

1,148
790
857
1,032

11,797

491
474

1920.
September...
October
November...
December..

66
70
71
74

102
107
107
90

143
150
150
146

130
101
103
94

155
74
118
172

128
128
100
96

102
96
73
51

7,773
8,297
8,379
8,716

1921.
January
February...
March
April

76
75
76
75

120
83
90
108

100
109
117
97

151
173
181
128

147
172
187
215

39
33
65
57

9,002
8,902
8,992
8,842

1,619

87
100
108

May....
June
July....
August.

75
74
73
77

109
108
92
90

104
113
121
127

73
78
99
101

55

53
62
62
95

8,663
8,720
8,639
9,034

2,058

79

163
101
111
125

1,710

994
1,079
1,154
1,216

September..
October
November..
December..

77
76
75
77

121
117
110
123

123
107
116

131
171
199
110

84
103
165
202

102
112
112
135

9,032
8,920
8,867
9,076

1,685

1,156

1,306

1,121

1922.
January
February...
March
April

79
78
80
78

85
73
77
63

111
106
96
86

127
98
117
108

127
83
118
170

158
141
127
133

85
61
80
68

May....
June
July....
August.

76
75
73
73

55
61
57
59

80
46
69
114

71
76
74
105

83
108

161
126
120
91

68
65
87
117

September..
October
November..
December..

74
72

48
50

99

109

141

62

7

78

796

2,026
2,025
1,696

1,647
1,901
2,046

2,037
1,747

1,175

1,055

1,298

1,171

1,218
1,060
1,145
952

9,263
9,234
9,404
9,185

1,616
,387
,453
,195

1,064
1,009
913
821

1,259
968
1,159
1,072

499
327
464
667

119,353
106,847
96,132
100,455

5,030
6,617
5,593

8,944
8,872
8,577
8,600

,039
,146
,086
,124

765
438
657

703
754
732
1,041

337
337
325
425

122,093
95,060
90,591
69,166

5,634
5,367
7,208
9;657

8,775

904
940

948

1,083

554

8,513

7

59,318

'7,938

I
1

Data on coffee except imports received from the New York Coffee and Sugar Exchange, Inc.; Imports of coffee and tea from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau

of Foreign and Domestic
a

Commerce.

Represents total receipts at Rio and Santos.
Represents total clearances from Rio, Santos, and Victoria.
Represents total clearances from Rio, Santos, Victoria, and Bahia.
5 A bag of coffee averages 132 pounds.
» Given as of the 1st day of the month.
7
Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.

3
4




124
SUGAR.
Table 77.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
EXPORTS.

RAW SUGAR.

PRICES.
Wholesale.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Receipts,
LouisiImports. ana crop
at New
Orleans.

Relative to 1913.

1909-1913 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average

Meltings.2

Stocks,
at refineries.2

Relative to 1919.

Refined,
including
maple.

Raw,
96°
centrifugal,
N.Y.

Relative
to 19091913.
100
65
492
1,214
1,992

100
15
1
12
1
17
1

1OO
62
53
87

105

131

59
45
50
29
54

79
100
104
92

85
100
110
157

Ill
69
110
90

1
112
207

78
55
69
51

105
88
90
104

January...
February.
March
April

65
151
213
219

26
8
10
8

40
80
133
107

110
120
181
258

593
387
441

May....
June....
July....
August.

166
95
70
145

4
6
27
25

104
92
95
127

276
264
167
140

2,039
2,087
2,272
2,012

September.
October....
November.
December..

80
92
118
100

13
50
231
245

81
85
82
78

144
75
86
65

January...
February.
March
April

179
255
326

50
18
6
7

90
128
165
164

May....
June
July....
August.

254
264
257
242

7
13
16
24

September.
October....
November.
December .

<99

1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

109
149
170

Granulated,
in bbls.,
N.Y.

CUBAN MOVEMENT.
Retail.

Index,
51 cities

Receipts,
Cuban
ports.

Exports.

Stocks,
end of
month.

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

100

100
10
1

133

130

120

165

161

146

179

181

169

100

100
108

1,274
513
1,859
1,164
1,176

183

182

176

215

209

205

372

297

353

137

144

317

305
238

343
467

100

146

100
87
95

95

100
77
175

334

333

13

13

51

353

253

12

47

193

225

235

6
7

23

38

151

190

191

24

29

134

153

177

176

141

155

133

151

166

162

221

208

143

173

184

176

215

202

152

155

170

176

193

114

191

1920.
September.
October
November.
December..
1921.

140

148

153

144

75

215

120

133

142

53

41

122

127

128

129

29

213

134

137

136

40

46
87

1,206

123

131

133

19

30

184

585

119

122

125

11

37

171

573

117

121

122

31

76

150

1,077

106

117

118

47

72

142

90
172
287
332

2,159
2,045
3,673
4,149

104

112

113

60

37

18

107

115

116

154

61

64

112

121

118

261

157

124

114

122

122

218

158

155

178
164
163
166

285
290
324
276

4,959
5,560
3,010
3,042

116

123

120

168

174

162

131

137

129

104

166

131

147

154

138

89

162

101

148

158

147

56

108

72

96

189

436

138

146

27

66

53

190

1922.




See footnotes on opposite page.

125
SUGAR.
Table 78.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
RAW SUGAR.

Receipts,
LouisiStocks,
ana
Imports. crop at Meltings.? at refineries'
New
Orleans.

YEAR AND MONTHS.

EXPORTS.
Refined,
including
maple.

Long tons.

' 175,664

1914 monthly average

201,437

1915 monthly average

196,569

1916 monthly average

205,716

1917 monthly average

183,802

191S monthly average

192,219

1919 monthly average

261,149

1920 monthly average

298,685

1921 monthly average

229,266

Raw, Granulated, Receipts,
96°
Cuban
in
centrifports.
bbls.,
ugal,
N.Y.
N. Y.

2,953
1,926
14,524
35,838
58,812

16,184 J
10,109
8,501
14,050
9,545
7,286
8,154
4,704
8,812

CUBAN MOVEMENT.

$0,035
.038
.047
.058

Exports.

Stocks,
end of
month.

Long tons.

Per pound.

1909-1913 monthly average
1913 monthly average

WHOLESALE
PRICE.

$0,043
.047
.056
.069

257,174
325,233
338,430
299,891

81,311
95,428
105,357
150,022

37,602
15,152
54,891
34,371
34,739

.063
.064
.075
.130
.048

.077
.078
.089
.126
.062

330,192
288,005
314,662

325,273
290,391
309,747

644,484
496,806
1,130,681

253,146
178,454
225,356
166,746

99,937
84,290
85,527
9S,996

9,374
8,505
10,113
13,780

.107
.083
.068
.053

.143
.108
.096
.081

44,448
20,078
23,934
78,396

43,501
40,541
75,259
93,981

328,087
302,381
243,896
865,779

105,275
114,476
172,679
245,904

25,583
17,503
11,428
13,022

.054
.053
.061
.054

.076
.071
.078
.073

465,925
730,565
709,262
635,836

504,534
675,218
655,611
372,208

857,767
918.621
9S0,071
1,231,716

1920.
September
October
November
December

j
|
j

195,187
121,100
193,273
158,121

28
194
18,104
33,546

1921.
January
February
March
April

,

May
June
July

'

!

113,61S
265,898
374,090
3S5,079

4,279

1,224

130,610
261,686
433,186
347,499

381,651
166,017
123, 7S2

671
1,035
4,400
i, 029

339, S50
298,372
309,800
414,545

263,539
251,827
159,416
133,421

60,197
61,040
67,096
59,400

.049
.047
.044
.047

.063
.057
.055
.058

474,426
174,348
95,777
130,619

244,109
133,535
149,774
283,340

1,383,036
1,431,143
1,372,605
1,225,285

2,063
S, 125
37,394
39,675

262, SI7
277,910
268,2S3
254,135

137,390
71,664
82,253
62,419

35,617
17,261
16,908
31,817

.043
.042
.041
.037

.056
.052
.052
.050

63,030
35,7S0
103,718
156,660

98,745
120,3S6
245,669
233,838

1,183,4SS
1,103,449
967,515
913,486

8,039
2,895
909
1,206

291,601
415,723
535,357
531,962

85,602
163,817
273.811
316,973

63,765
60,390
108,468
122,516

.038
.039
.040

.048
".049
.052
.052

199,102
507,361
861,174
720,509

121,775
198,821
512,251
512,430

115,786
414,512
799,619
997,291

446,678

1,187
2,066

146,454
164,183
88,887
89,824

.041
.046
.052
.052

.053
.059
.066
.067

555,852

460,4S0

183,441

565,350
540,354
526,849
349,979

1,043,420
844.622
650,164
460,987

12,870

.048

.063

90,378

213,728

341,329

August

254,931

September

141,103

October

161,695

November

j

206,865

December

176,462

January..
February.
March
April

314,939

May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

448,321
571,836
473,137

1,248
1,604

451,011

2,609

425,960

3,939

577,330
271,890
532,052
277,150
530,334
309,413
540,024 I 262,959

* 174,232

1,842

312,909 !

180,577

i
l

342,736
294,169

I

1
Receipts, stocks, and meltings and Cuban movement reported by the Statistical Sugar Trade Journal: Imports and exports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau
of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; Wholesale and retail sugar prices, from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
2
Figures include reports from seven ports: Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Savannah. New Orleans. Galveston, and San Francisco. Meltings are calculated from
weekly reports, the odd days being prorated. Stocks represent the amount of raw sugar in the hands of refiners on the dates nearest the end of the month as reported for
each3 port.
Index number less than 1.
< Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect




126

TOBACCO.
Table 79.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS.

UNMANUFACTURED.

Consumption
(tax-paid withdrawals).

Stocks.*

YEAR AND MONTR.

Cigar
types.

Sales,
Production (crop loose leaf Exports, Chewing,
estiwareleaf.
smoking,
mate). & houses.
snuff,

and
export
types.

Relative
to
1900-1913.

Itelative
to
1010.

Wholesale price.

Burley,
ManuTotal,
leaf,
including good red, factured
a
tobacco
imported d Lr k i s ou
and
types.
ville.
snuff.3

Eelativo
to
1U01M913.

Large
cigars.*

Exports.

Small
cigarettes.*

Cigarettes.

Relative to 1913.
!

1916 monthly average

116

100
117
92
114
126

1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

125
144
147

6 1OO

67
107
203

159

SO

124

124

88

114

259

90

112

90

137

148

92

131

222

87

1909-1913 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average

average
average
average
average
average

1OO
96
104

1OO
103
113
105

1OO
93
98
85

1OO
101
109
99

1OO
111
104
115

1OO
99
100
105

1OO
95
87
93

1OO
108
115
163

1OO
104
90
184

110
120
126

75
77
80

99
87
112

169
277
245

109
112
96

100
93
93
105
90

227
300
341

303
524
699

287

683

327

368

1920.

s

254

104

107

305

685

89

246

101

112

315

889

151
155

September
October. . .
November
December

106

5

Mav
June
July
August

19
SO

134
130

246
246

93
94

108
107

236
275

850
629

156
14S

71
135

119
125

246
246

95
81

133

S5

246

54

159

107

144

246

48

274
296
272
217

504
549

14S

108
112
106
80

162
258
173

149
133
145

131

80

117

246
246
246

73
81
96

301
318
345

892
419
443

26

13S

168

99

147

246

84

73
79
89
87

293

337

85
93
87
100

88
98
89
99

319

220

326

134

321
396

65
342

97
101
98
73

370
377
326
231

407
306

286

405

241

413

280

519

1921.
January
February. . .
March
April
May
June...
July
August
September
October
November
December

125

95

118

105

90

103

9

218

151

208

94
89

15
64

169
168

95
100

59
76

105
138

102

139

93

20S

112

. .

128

4

98

124

20S

94
101
83
68

98

103

208

92

91

82

208

88

24

105

208

103

152

97

135

140

91

125

208
208
20S
20S

465
713

432
424

1922.
January .
February
March
-Vpril

September
October
November




130

1
142

2

103

62

92

136
136

64

105

109

161

145

20S

85

70
71
84
79

266

4S1

208
208

127

127
95

143

May
June
July

6

. S5

145

97
103

90
98

355
409

610

567

118

i
See footnotes on opposite page also.

96

93

405

362

112

102

492

545

208
103

123

131

20S
20S

112

138

100

99

42S

594

1

!

I

127
TOBACCO.
Table 80.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
UNMANUFACTURED.

MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS.
I Wholesale
price.

Stocks.2
l
YEAR AND MONTH.

Elports

-fi25.vi.5Ki.
fi25

Chewing,
smoking,
snuff, and
export
types.

Cigar
types.

Total,
including;
leaf, j
imported dark red,
types.
Louisville.

Consumption
(tax-paid withdrawals).
Manufactured
tobacco
and
snuff.3

Large
cigars.4

Exports.

Small
cigarettes.*

!

Dollars u Thou| per 100 ji sands of
I pounds. |. pounds.

Thousands of pounds.

1909-1913 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average

996,176
1,034,679
1,062,237
1,153,278

31,417
36,754
28,827
35,877
39,784

1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

1,249,276
1,439,071
1,465,481
1,582,225
1,117,682

65,280
74,254

21,186
33,656
63,826
38,946
42,946

1,500,800
1,544,489

6,621
4,333
15,745
66,081

33,303
28,041
42,067
40,958

1,553,812
1,478,788
1,476,444
1,582,225

58,016
110,671
108,986
87,452

37,261 |
39,394 i

133,397
212,073
142,286
21,577

46,852
41,735
45,445
43,320

889,266

7,753
3,367
12,248
52,939

40,220
47,328
53,156
52,815

948,324
991,564
1,020,874
1,117,682

48,421
62,764
113,873
80,352

33,009
43,465
29,236
38,772

January...
February.
March
April

80,076
74,772
19,645
4,582

32,265
25,635
32,967
40,704

May
June
July
August..

1,338
1,196
1,953
50,655

39,844
29,991
32,319
28,958

52,413

33,102

953,734

average
average
average
average
average

6 82,149

810,469 369,802

1,234,013

835,462
915,451
853,156

344,971
361,114
313,142

1,244,524
1,343,396
1,225,555

13.202
14.654
13.789
15.231

970,465
1,018,253
1,001,387
1,199,209

277,846
283,495
296,095
323,643
340,656

1,217,963
1,073,084
1,381,713
1,408,311
1,621,288

Thousands.

36,990 630,959
36,745
36,863
38,847

597,849
549,932
586,844

1,296,308
1,404,636
1,497,029
2,107,525

193,234
200,602
173,015
354,889

22.302
36.567
32.346
34.182
29.277

40,248
41,423
35,339
33,324
32,208

629,991
587,796
589,363
661,418
566,478

2,944,272
3,888,075
4,426,649
3,718,526
4,236,256

584,977
1,012,128
1,350,981
1,319,489
711,973

33.500
32.500
32.500
32.500

38,450
37,197
34,239
34,842

676,228
708,112
678,752
672,020

3,953,345
4,088,835
3,053,337
3,569,397

1,323,198
1,718,026
1,643,177
1,214,817

32.500
32.500
32.500
32.500

35,250
30,075
20,150
17,683

678,640
704,799
668,060
506,126

3,557,482
3,840,335
3,529,200
2,816,818

974,449
1,061,759
898,951
1,378,170

32.500
32.500
32.500
32.500

27,153
30,007
35,478
31,056

462,798
496,724
561,344
548,104

3,901,560
4,119,377
4,470,292
3,801,672

1,723,331
810,189
856,801
650,790

28.750
27.500
27.500
27.500

31,351
34,539
32,018
36,873

555,479
618,495
564,598
622,039

4,136,085
4,219,727
4,161,218
5,136,577

425,908
259,558
125,710
660,333

27.500
27.500
27.500
27.500

34,803
37,414
30,772
25,035

614,428
635,808
615,251
463,664

4,791,398
4,877,826
4,229,402
2,995,935

787,162
590,472
834,670
818,752

27.500
27.500
27.500
27.500

34,215
32,456
38,120
31,376

443,261
447,226
529,162
501,394

3,705,516
3,125,819
3,636,032
3,453,061

781,738
797,423
1,002,398
928,955

27.500
27.500
27.500
27.500

35,846
38,233
35,449
41,476

569,209
615,253
585,874
641,164

4,601,373
5,301,643
5,246,812
6,373,890

1,094,728
1,179,420
700,044
1,052,855

27.500

37,108

625,772

5,554,301

1,148,533

1920.
May
June
July
August

|
'
I

September.
October
November.
:

December

1,013,719

350,693

1,452,962

849,199

331,849

1,271,525

1,061,696

297,472

1,446,914

1,363,499

367,854

1,818,781

26,628 I
45,391 !

1921.
January...
February.
March
April
May
June
July
August..

932,157

September.
October
November.
December

1,235,156

359,095

1,672,017

1,136,484

338,202

1,547,440

1,174,808

313,316

1,561,848

1,303,255

401,633

1,784,551

1922.

September.
October
November.
December..

1,414,641
1,425,000
1,353,000
1,355,000

1,119,605

413,540

1,616,396

993,398

382,586

1,457,439

See footnotes on opposite page also.
Represents the total of plug, twist,fine-cut,smoking tobacco, and snuff.
« The Internal Revenue reports the number of large cigars, i. e., those weighing over three pounds per thousand, and the number of small cigars weighing less than the
above amount. Likewise they report the number of large and small cigarettes, the former weighing more than three pounds per thousand. Large cigars and small cigarettes represent more than 90 per cent of the total number manufactured in each case and are the only ones given in this table.
& Yearly figures on crop production represent the latest revised estimates as reported by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
The monthly figures for 1920 and 1921 are the current monthly estimates of total production.
e Partly estimated. Kentucky sales for first half year not available and are estimated as equal to the sum of the sales in the other States, which is approximately the
normal proportion of Kentucky sales to the total.
3




128
TRANSPORTATION—WATER.
Table 81.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
CARGO TRAFFIC THROUGH
CANALS.

Panama Canal.3

YEAR AND MONTH.

average.
average..
average..
average..
average.

i
•
j
|

average..
average..
average.
average..

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

New
Sault York
i! Ste. ' State
'! Marie CaCanal.3 nals.3

Shipments
ceipts
-1 at St. from
St.
In
i Louis. Louis.
In
Ameri-!IBritish ! Total Total Total
can I
cargo. cargo. cargo.
vessels.;vessels.

100
71

100

1.54

144

100
69
89
115
113

96 !

119

126 |

•85

1.34
141
192
236

107
86
88
54

100
39

208
237

129
i 169

Re-

63

100
80
71
62
50

100

45
48
55
56

29

145

59

231

100

120 •

39

j

141

105
101

84

349 '

153 '

71

609

423

128

348

143

265

131

441

118

273

74

191

102

275

162

136

82
79

109

155

116

162

264

89

138

129

65
63

280
223

91

106

131
;

274 I

146

74

125
167
227
201

147

86

100
80
107
123
133

135

129 I

1.55 \
228
221

100

United
Kingdom.

All
Europe.

Relative to
January, 1920.

82
86
120
117

85

141 j

I

93

113 I

112 ;

45

Total.

100
91
92
97
92

I 100

88 |

|

Foreign.
Relative to 1913.

1919.

103

42

United States,
Atlantic ports
to-

Cleared.

Ameri- Foreign.

100

50

INDEX OF
OCEAN
FREIGHT
RATES.*

VESSELS IN FOREIGN TRADE.

Entered.

Governmentownedj
barges.!

. Relative to 1913. j Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1915.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1
1916 monthly
'( 1917 monthly

MISSISSIPPI RIVER I
! CARGO TRAFFIC. I

100
93

175

»l

100
90

87

93

90
76

99
92

68
84
68
95
87 ' 126
!
84
116

7

100 I 7 100

1920.
September
October
November
December

279
237
217
259

248

118 |

179 |

243

130 !

1S8 I

242

95 j.

264

15

1.83

114

ii
98 Ii
76 ':

'.
I

January
February
March
April

250

I

May....
June....
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..
1922.
January
February
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.

September.
October
November..
I December..

8

I

68

213

62 !

286

| 266

195

* I

619

I 275

202

104 |
j

168

603

| 423

212

107 11

203

87 |
89 |

395

I

394

210

120 j;

162

115 I

472

j

441

226

274

203

230
146
221
169

228

126

195

62

49

1.87
173
209

106

171

SI

83

131

174

82

97

•SO |

840

513

221

97

110

206

75

91

131 !

934

668

245

101

211

185
242
210
234

65
67
33
10

124
91

40 -

121

188

114
200
129
190

94
49

978
767
685
6.58

198
208
252
274

151
151
157
162

198
206
236
257

334

174

264

146

264

200

309

183

284
240
297
286

239
209

210
195

234
266
223

I

66

61

59
70
SO
75

60
67
83

184

164
148
174
191

107

123
125
149
147

210
210
244
232

106

141

244

3SS

247 S

72

676

217 '

700

167

645
651

700

42

144

839

790

61

144

427

795

103

819

103

597

76

|
1-56 j
181 !
1S4 |
244
222
271
259
239

•

71 , 109

85
79

346

110

124 ! | 237 9 6
128 ii 201
104
139 J 206 100

90 :
83 !
68 |
80

228 !
232 I

507

66 ;
74
74
90

247
216
220
195

458

352

17

60 j

161

91

628
136

SI

128

76.9
75.4
63.8
53.6

104
93
100
112

60.7
54.7
49.3
50.1

43.3
38.5
35.9
39.0

112

129

50.6
42.7
42.5
42.9

40.1
37.6
36.8
36.7

134
120 j
110
112

41.8
37.0
33.5
32.4

36.0
32.3
28.8
27.2

90
108
109

31.7
34.7
33.1
27.3

27.1
29.1
28.3
25.4
25.7
25.7
25.9
24.6
23.4

,
1

1921.
!
j
|
I

83

86.7
84.9
77.8
92.3

80
90
105

122
119
;
•

118

93
107

77

137
131

79

115

94

126

102

141

101

138

27.9
27.5
28.8
29.2

106

145

27.0

77

See footnotes on opposite page also.
i Panama Canal traffic reported by The Panama Canal; Tonna
Commerce; Sault Ste. Marie Canal traffic, U. S. War Department,
ceipts and shipments of cargo by river at St. Louis (almost all by
,
, __.„
.
Cl
9. .,
o
from U.S. War Department, Mississippi- Warrior service; Index of ocean freight rates from the Federal Reserve Board, Division of Analysis and Research.
* Represents tonnage of cargo carried by commercial vessels. Yearlyfiguresrefer tofiscalyears ending June 30.
8
Figures for 1913 to 1921 represent monthly averages for eight months during which the canals are usually open.
< The index of ocean freight rates represents rates to 7 ports in the United Kingdom and a total of 17 ports for all of Europe. The index numbers are weighted
by the geometric means of these rates. The weights include the relative importance of each port and also the relative importance of the 5 principal products—grain, provisions, cotton, cottonseed oil, and sack flour.




129
TRANSPORTATION—WATER.
Table 82.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
CARGO TRAFFIC THROUGH CANALS.

Panama Canal.2
YEAR AND
MONTH.

In
American
vessels.

In
British

Total
cargo.

Sault
Ste.
Marie8
Canal.

New
York
State
Canals.*

Total
cargo.

Total
cargo.

VESSELS IN FOREIGN TRADE.
MISSISSIPPI RIVER
CARGO TRAFFIC.

ShipGovReernceipts ments ment- Amer- Forfrom
at St.
St.
owned ican. eign.
Louis. Louis. barges.

Thousands of
short tons.

Long tons.

Cleared.

Entered.

17,594
8,738
7,414
7,883
6,923

I

Amer- Forican. eign.

Total.

Thousands of net tons.6

Tons.

372
297
265
232
185

Total.

1,033
1,233
1,512
1,658

3,264
3,028
2,768
2,803
2,416

4,440
4,061
4,101
4,315
4,074

1,250
1,000
1,340
1,537
1,666

3,233
3,017
2,826
2,895
2,467

4,483
4,017
4,166
4,433
4,133

1915 mo. av. 182,325
1916 m o . av. 70,738
1917 mo. av. 122,977

183,376
130,888
282,813

407,871
257,843
588,214

9,965
6,921
8,911
11,486
11,227

174,856

627,669
576,385
781,208
961,601

10,710
8,529
8,809
5,362

166
177
203
208

5,038
10,449
14,827
12,548

5,754
9,174
13,845
24,133

8,731
13,392

1,538
1,828
2,678
2,592

2,121
2,064
2,667
2,590

3,659
3,892
5,344
• 5,182

1,563
2,083
2,836
2,507

2,184
2,189
2,816
2,704

3,748
4,271
5,653
5,211

11,748
13,000
9,420
1,505

247
214
164

22,525 13,800
17,500
23,020
7,580
13,000
7,885 ; 6,430

12,464
10,296
8,916
11,858

3,114
3,209
3,235
3,024

3,427
3,281
2,771
2,724

6,541
6,491
6,006
5,748

3,422
3,500
3,302
2,786

3,514
3,757
2,868
2,949

6,935
7,257
6,171
5,735

1,460
10,970
7,140
15,300

2,625
11,340
24,550
23,890

5,921
23,203
24,012
36,917

2,506
2,293
2,373
2,490

2,199
1,999
2,246
2,368

4,705
4,292
4,619
4,859

2,191
2,Q17
2,098
2,536

2,455
2,149
2,396
2,474

4,646
4,167
4,494
5,010

1913 mo. av.
1914 mo. av.

3,965
4,078
4,437
4,750
5,609

1,174

1921 mo. av.

431,613

217,973
156,412
235,856
310,161

1920.
September
October...
November.
December.

508,660
431,987
396,372
472,526

307,941 1,009,557
328,812
991,066
343,902
984,910
334,890 1,076,539

1921.
January...
February..
March
April

456,430
435,024
381,256

421,485
268,430
404,396
310,252

,117,053
952,904
,084,563
907,613

957

May
June
July
August

415,794
341,235
316,221
380,367

230,217
194,407
239,850
202,004

792,735
694,720
708,982
839,273

6,155
8,079
8,139
7,498

105
179
211
197

15,745
20,175
14,155
23,050

15,665
18,725
33,310
37,050

34,412
38,476
44,829
58,345

2,463
2,654
2,593
2,885

2,861
2,962
3,164
3,287

5,324
5,616
5,757
6,172

2,114
3,059
2,513
2,582

2,910
3,094
3,362
3,223

5,024
6,153
5,875
5,805

September
October...
November.
December.

384,101
383,083
356,019
343,185

209,475
367,495
236,625
349,270

754,894
985,775
855,440
953,053

6,482
6,652
3,265
1,031

198
262
37

6,985
10,535
16,480
8,575

38,785
30,420
27,155
26,085

44,263
39,984
33,843
59,062

2,676
2,718
2,895
2,553

2,759
2,577
2,350
2,306

5,435
5,295
5,245
4,859

3,092
2,702
2,748
2,434

2,903
2,696
2,200
2,586

5,995
5,398
4,949
5,021

1922.
January...
February..
March
April

360,282
380,124
459,264
498,862

277,293
276,073
287,319
297,169

807,298
838,074

130
100
4,365
12,680

24,890
5,405
13,940
13,725

61,144
61,127
56,329
56,871

1,963
1,832
2,127
2,168

1,931
2,295
2,626
2,459

3,894
4,127
4,753
4,627

2,051
1,856
2,181
2,389

1,935
2,169
2,684
2,495

4,025
4,864
4,884

May
June
July
August

480,466
481,625
563,512

318,813 ,158,507
268,475
977,507
366,746 ,211,100
335,516 1,165,950

25,385
25,315

33,250
16,935

69,000
69,415
71,545
52,125

2,870
2,603
3,187
3,035

2,601
2,945
3,435
3,505

5,471
5,548
6,622
6,540

2,621
2,625
3,053
2,903

2,554
3,028
3,286
3,274

5,175
5,653
6,339
6,178

2,808

3,470

6,278

3,050

3,429

6,479

1918 mo. av.

1919 mo. av. 229,907
1920 mo. av. 378,928

,046,047
3,317
8,066
10,235
10,286
10,986

September.
October....
November.
December..

157
227
321
281
287

See footnotes on opposite page also.
* About two-thirds of this traffic is through the Erie Canal and one-third through the Champlain Canal. Figures for 1913 to 1921 represent monthly averages 101 seven
months, during which the canals are usually open.
• Net ton represents 100 cubic feet internal carrying capacity after prescribed allowances for crew and engine space.
7
January, 1920.
15566°—22




9

130
FREIGHT-CAR MOVEMENT.
Table 83.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
BAD- i|
,ORDER

SHORTAGE.'

SURPLUS.*

AVERAGE LOADINGS PER WEEK.

CARS.s

I Grain
Y E A R AND M O N T H .

Box
cars.

Coal
cars.

Total
cars.3

Coal
cars.

Box

" Total
,
' cars.3

av
av...
av...
av...
av...
av...

100
19
156

100
3
204

12
36
100
13
179

347
153
100
227
6

217

1930.
September...
October
November...
December...

(*)
3
42
182

23

1
2
26
108

1921.
January
February...
March
April

218
211
208
217

120
229
337
303

May....
June
July....
August.

178
113
84

218
215
214
173

197
170
130

September..
October
November..
December..

51
28
139
233

130
43
176
293

91
42
149
248

1922.
January
February
March
April

161
116
108
115

193
129
96
311

175
129
109
196

85
73
26
5

259
195
174
72

161
179
92
37

May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..




Relative to 1919.

100
339
8

570
656
264
51

332
229
81
16

110
87

15
4

111
111
115
121

112

103
94
95

90

1
3
16
3

205
226
235
249

104
145
154

3
103
None.
1

15
46

248
241
229
212

3
2
1
2

1
2
2
9

3

6
7
87
189

10
75
158
329
927

1
1
20
3

1
5
2
2

!

100
106
84

100
118
46

100
103

100
106
94

111
127
121
122

110
109
99
85

213
201
117
46

111
115
101
91

118
124
109

84
75
74

79
94
90
84

24
24
18
15

79
84
93
95

85
85
87
87

63
78
81
85

96
97
95
103

95
95
94
101

57
21
15

108
118
99
90

105
116
94
85

89
92
105
110

92
96
102
91

100

127
141
161
179

96

350

Merchandise
L.C.L., Total.*
and
miscellaneous.

217

100
616
11

13

2

Coal.

Forest I
prod- I Ore.
t

467

171
218
262
255

•

Live
stock.

Relative
to 1913.

Relative to 1919.
1916 monthly
1917 monthly
191Smonthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

Total.

and
grain
products.

94
102
107

96
86
79
82

84

88

87
88
73
79

142
130
97
108

91
112
96

92
111
87
74

82
92
86
79

3

208
219
222
212

129
131
106
84

99
88
55
82

95
108
74
41

86
88
93
99

26

7
20
103
243

217
226
215
229

108
102
129
144

90
89
81
78

47
53
43
56

107
110
97
102

49
144
170
177

114
119
116
118

106
103
112

539

213
193

132

106

97

100

140

119

117

1

2
2

See footnotes on opposite page.

81
83

I
|

89
88

73

I

82

12

11 i
14 ii
!

131
FREIGHT-CAR MOVEMENT.
Table 84.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.l

Box

YEAR AND MONTH.

Coal
cars.

BADORDER
CARS.s

SHORTAGE.*

SURPLUS.'

Total
cars.3

Box
cars.

Coal
cars.

Total
cars.3

Total.

AVERAGE LOADINGS PER WEEK.

Grain
and
grain
products.

Live
stock.

Coal.

Forest
products.

Merchandise
L.C.LM Total.*
and
miscellaneous.

Ore.

Number of cars.
1916 monthly av...
1917monthly av...
1918monthly av...

132,374
134,711
141,961
167,700
163,676
308,717

38,973
34,829
44,066

43,148
1,146

4,200
25,868
444

112,934
52,360
24,174
82,056
1,896

1,916
3,856
49,695
204,408

41,198
18,295
2,795
731

23,930
27,549
11,091
2,159

80,141
55,412
19,673
3,808

166,148
167,965
174,276
182,097

43,707
38,064
34,978
34,645

April

179,219
173,520
171,119
178,037

90,685
324,186
172,850
413,450
255,055 | 495,904
229,443 i 492,352

306
468
26
87

108
71
8
108

810
650
123
276

191,234
213,180
243,586
270,319

40,235
36,758
37,208
33,455 !

May....
June
July....
August.

155,040 , 165,102 j 394,040
146,298 I 162,537 j 373,791
93,013 i 161,723 : 321,781
69,238
130,596 ' 246,740

263
187
3,710
641

50
310
83
67

339
663
3,905
739

September..
October
November..
December..

42,093
22,628
113,874
191,707

j 98,048 ; 172,420
| 33,643 I 80,203
j 132,692 I 282,926
I 221,614
470,516

2,478
5,301
264
24

142
4,339
None.
37

1922,
January
February....
March
April

132,174
95,361
88,491
94,653

145,913
97,634
72,566
235,077

330,681
245,100
206,746
371,538

546
373
255
369

69,714
60,101
21,367

195,439

3,850

147,558
131,267
54,566

305,198
339,225
174,927
70,455

201

3,486

5,843

6,437
29,251
1919 monthly a v . . . 82,135
1920 monthly a v . . .
15,985
1921 monthly a v . . . 127,982

23,592
68,680
7 5 , 6 0 5 189,396
24,194
1,981
339,026
154,499

65,901
28,964

j 18,991

3 2 , 9 5 5 176,695
30,105
193,787
153,672
28,858

56,828
60,476
47,928

30,879
33,697
35,169
28,247

195,651
223,792
213,237
215,271

62,679
61,682
56,489
48,276

79,586
75,219
43,953
17,123

31,638
28,377
26,166
26,993

174,968
149,092
131,951
131,314

44,739
53,406
51,070
47,578

8,866
8,873
6,677
5,730

309,971
341,337
354,611
376,417

38,214 I 26,652
40,582 ! 27,486
56,585 \ 23,979
27,643
59,973

157,122
155,001
145,420
155,376

49,463
49,880
41,558
45,010

23,684
29,069
30,389
31,769

455,605
456,036
448,886
487,854

758,438
762,827
750,717
812,265

3,621
11,219
302
110

374,087
364,372
345,201
320,292

55,272
50,478
37,998
42,032

29,907
36,834
31,524
29,100

162,882
196,206
154,434
130,297

46,443
52,392
48,846
44,752

28,554
21,490
7,830
5,470

512,322
559,386
469,524
424,479

840,318
929,022
756,624

36
100
77
374

642
599
423
842

313,190
331,050
334,628
320,083

50,460
51,199
41,184
32,874

32,568
29,113
18,092
27,114

168,720
190,126
131,116
72,528

48,960
50,124
52,734
56,052

4,410
4,151
5,250
9,654

421,722
486,143
495,258
521,106

734,442
768,741
827,400
727,488

1,094
1,397
16,550
35,819

423
3,148
6,633
13,835

1,714
4,803
24,973
58,670

327,704
340,822
324,583
345,013

42,186
39,614
50,227
56,177

29,550
29,201
26,723
25,665

82,494
93,736
75,639
98,499

60,714
62,621
55,181
57,838

18,384
54,054
63,528
66,264

540,546
563,043
547,143
556,560

782,670
851,700
828,029
895,591

66,529

38,954

130,325

321,674
291,654

51,308

35,026

170,512

56,871

52,448

559,981

934,816

37,434 472,495 801,616
44,142
485,104 850,923
17,367
455,916 754,717

1920,

September..
October
November...
December...

54

2,107
34,756
149,487

1921,
January
February—
March

May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

I

1
2

1,521
107
1,786
17,067

522,640
545,670
478,272
428,922

949,597
995,095
877,176
785,798

372,517
683,651
397,519 ! 683,088
438,447 j 698,627
448,422 j 698,156

T
i

Data from the American Railway Association.
At end of month, exclusive of Canadian roads. The Association reports the number ol freight cars which are idle (surplus) and also the number of requests for cars
which can not befilled(shortage). The difference between these twofiguresrepresents the net freight-car situation for the country as a whole. The car shortages can not
ordinarily befilledfrom the idle cars because of the uneven geographical distribution of the latter.
8
4 Includes other classes than groups listed.
Total includes coke shipments in addition to commodity groups listed.
& Index number less than 1. •
«Number of railroad freight cars in need of repairs onfirstday of each month. Note that 1913 is the base year, having a monthly average of 150,909 cars in need
of repairs.




132

RAILWAY OPERATIONS.
Table 85.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

REVENUES.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Freight.

Passenger.

Total
operating.

TOTAL
OPERATING
EXPENSES.

PASSENGERMILE
OPERATION.

THE
PULLMAN
COMPANY.

EXPRESS
EARNINGS.

Receipts I Passengers
per toncarried
mile.
1 mile.

Passengers
carried.

Total
operat- Operating ining
revenues. come.

TON-MILE
OPERATION.

NET
RAILWAY
OPERATING
INCOME.2

Tons
carried
1 mile.

Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1919.

1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..

100
94
101
121

100
94
93
102

1OO
95
101
118

1OO
96
95
109

1OO
89
117
146

100
96
4 92
4
144

100
100
100
99

3 100
3
102
3 129
102

3 1OO
3 105
3
98
112

1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

133
163
168
204
185

120
150
171
186
167

132
161
169
203
182

131
184
203
267
211

136
96
72

128
133
121
: 137
! 105
:

100
118
135
146
177

117
126
137
138
110

130
116
150
158
126

100
129
124

178

172

179

241

139

133

133

163

118

117

192

187

194

264

140

135

147

175

123

398

1OO
173
12

1920.
May....
June
July....
August.

201

214

207

283

148

134

170

188

116

350

209

231

218

375

156

130

177

199

123

380

September..
October
November..
December..

248
272
247
219

226
198
185
200

243

280

133

150

161

152

165

252

290

145

156

171

133

144

167

13

232

283

85

137

175

125

130

163

12

216

281

127

169

129

133

161

10

January..
February.
March....
April

184

183

184

243

109

119

128

140

161

154

159

212

91

177

101

111

135

181

169

180

220

51

98

184

108

129

143

11

172

158

170

207

49

94

183

100

118

138

13

May....
June
July....
August.

177

162

174

209

62

103

172

105

123

134

13

1921.

182

173

181

210

85

103

175

114

134

133

178

189

181

200

116

104

174

129

140

133

200

190

198

210

151

111

179

128

143

91

200

175

195

208

146

113

179

117

139

120

226

154

210

219

176

134

175

103

120

119

193

144

182

203

111

107

179

94

108

117

4

163

154

167

192

94

172

101

113

85

62

January..

156

145

155

186

49

162

96

118

104

5

February.

166

128

157

179

80

104

160

85

102

104

5

March....

200

140

186

199

139

i20

167

92

114

107

5

April

163

145

163

185

84

90

180

96

119

103

4

September..
October
November..
December..

10

1922.

May....

181

149

176

196

103

102

177

100

124

108

4

June

188

167

186

200

128

106

174

116

144

105

5

July....

169

175

174

187

116

99

168

140

103

20

August.

185

176

186

213

148
144

September..
October
November..
December..




111

See footnotes on opposite page.

133

RAILWAY OPERATIONS.
Table 86.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

REVENUES.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Freight.

Passenger.

Total
operating.

NET
TOTAL RAILWAT
OPER- OPERATING ATING
EXINPENSES. COMES

NET TON-MILE
OPERATION.

PASSENGERMILE
OPERATION.

THE
PULLMAN
CO.

EXPRESS
EARNINGS.

Receipts
per
tonmile.

Passengers
carried
1 mile.

Passengers
carried.

Total Operoperat- ating
ing rev- inenues. come.

Thousands
of tons.

Thousands of dollars.

Tons
carried
1 mile.

Cents.

Thousands.

Number.

Thousands of
dollars.

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..
average..

$176,916
165,943
178,864
214,784
236,177

$57,548
54,230
53,798
58,980
68,935

$255,139
241,608
256,630
302,104
337,539

$181,732
173,916
171,926
198,031
238,184

$59,900
53,451
70,002
87,255
81,232

27,388,294
26,163,146
< 25,232,208
4 31,126,359
34,942,744

0.719
.723
.722
.707
.715

3 2,822,922
3 2,880,582
3 3,649,161
2,882,163
3,289,738

'2,072,018
3 2,182,396
32,021,039
2,326,425
2,691,212

191S monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..

288,183
296,410
360,304
326,931

86,056
98,334
107,285
96,156

410,549
432,005
518,785
463,981

334,767
368,287
485,861
383,351

57,759
43,024
4,846
51,248

36,409,975
33,033,629
37,411,868
28,705,869

.849
.973
1.052
1.274

3,556,382
3,863,192
3,904,056
3,110,759

2,397,260
3,112,128
3,271,282
2,600,416

May
June
July
August

.114,14S
340,336
356,091
369,580

98,901
107,383
123,218
132,904

457,559
494,714
529,150
555,522

437,830
480,500
514,254
682,315

6
5,430
15,240
5
12,053
158,583

37,902,007
38,157,869
40,450,094
42,706,838

-.954
.970
.960
.936

3,760,702
4,149,434
4,785,323
4,988,019

3,385,470
3,618,050
3,892,896
4,126,186

14, S75
15,509
14,669
15,463

2,453
8,321
7,326
7,948

September.
October
November..
December..

438,882
480,375
436,891
3S6,564

129,857
113,902
106,652
114,830

618,926
641,827
592,054
550,580

509,720
526,544
513,614
510,769

79,676
86,641
50,964
3,302

40,999,843
42,562,687
37,458,630
34,722,365

1.154
1.226
1.255
1.217

4,294,113
3,761,875
3,518,107
3,640,548

3,422,673
2,974,833
2,692,723
2,759,442

21,217
21,002
20,570
20,345

281
269
246
211

January
February...
March
April

324,935
284,217
320,774
304,774

105,203
88,463
97,313
90,649

470,389
406,496
459,048
433,398

442,196
3S4,646
400,111
375,697

1,526
* 5,165
30,807
29,857

29,824,391
24,913,294
26,825,588
25,578,883

1.215
1.274
1.320
1.316

3,358,000
2,857,000
3,056,000
2,832,811

2,657,771
2,307,168
2,633,165
2,443,961

17,704
16,992
18,023
17,403

177
195
221
277

May
June
July
August

313,133
322,236
314,821
353,815

93,517
99,753
109,192

444,860
461,585
462,940
505,732

379,865
380,856
362,756
382,106

36,943
51,067
69,324
90,160

28,218,768
28,140,661
28,412,404
30,381,958

1.236
1.261
1.254
1.288

2,969,406
3,214,896
3,637,499
3,622,956

2,553,188
2,774,177
2,903,775
2,970,079

16,929
16,779
16,767
11,431

18
184
107
154

September..
October
November..
December..

354,053
400,710
342,025
288,762

100,680
88,844
82,656
88,670

497,655
535,296
465,497
425,022

377,108
397,203
368,013
348,880

87,174
105,453
66,198
51,588

30,821,944
36,506,565
29,139,115
25,706,855

1.288
1.261
1.284
1.237

3,291,820
2,910,493
2,656,590
2,844,671

2,890,136
2,476,852
2,245,621
2,349,099

15,127
14,951
14,801
10,770

186
202
88
1,305

January
February...
March
April

276,473
294,473
353,908
288,849

83,720
73,585
80,531
83,461

394,941
401,427
474,670
416,869

337,269
324,501
360,928
336,178

29,476
47,771
83,511
50,272

27,099,000
28,348,000
32,904,832
24,727,919

1.164
1.152
.198
.291

2,396,439
2,592,731
2,701,720

2,444,584
2,111,766
2,356,701
2,461,456

13,131
13,132
18,440
12,980

95
113
103
82

May
June
July
August

319,362
331,872
299,169
326,486

85,533
96,012
100,668
101,502

448,948
473,785
443,183
473,877

355,589
363,984
340,726
387,100

61,981
76,594
69,239
52,580

27,855,386
29,048,643
27,073,021
30,452,607

.271
.249
.209

2,561,599
2,986,541
2,890,939
3,063,092

13,583
13,272
12,991

80
103
408

$12,613 $2,092
16,306 3,615
15,640
260

1920.
5

1921.

1922.

September..
October
November..
December..

2,821,701
3,269,479

2,990,265

i Data on revenues and expenses, from the Interstate Commerce Commission, represent Class I roads, those Having annual operating revenues in excess of $1,000,000;
data on ton-mile and passenger-mile operation are from the Bureau of Railway Economics; Pullman passenger traffic furnished by The Pullman Co.; express earnings are
reports of the American Railway Express Co. to the Interstate Commerce Commission, to which are added reports of the Southeastern Express Co. from the time of its organisation in May, 1921.
*Net railway operating income includes net operating revenue (equal to the difference between total operating revenue and total operating expenses) from which there
have been deducted railway tax accruals, uncollectible railway revenues, equipment and joint facility rents.
* Fisoal year ending June 30, of year indicated.
* These figures are from Interstate Commerce Commission reports,
s Deficit.




134
DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT.
Table 87.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
RETAIL SALES.
Mail-order Chain
houses.2 stores.'

POSTAL
RECEIPTS.

ADVERTISING.
Magazine.*

Newspaper. &

Relative

RETAIL SALES.

Relative

Mail-order
houses.*

Chain
stores.3

POSTAL
RECEIPTS.

ADVERTISING.
Magazine.*

Newspaper.*

YEAR AND MONTH.

Relative to 1913.

Relative
to 1919.

to 1913.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..

100

Thousands of agate lines.

Thousands of dollars.

to 1919.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

1OO

1OO

105

107

95

120

120

94

154

141

116

73

186

161

122

75

$11,275
11,847
13,498
17,407
20,982

$7,972
8,544
9,582
11,278
12,806

203

182

93

110

73

264

208

1OO

154

1OO

264

246

113

188

114

188

258

113

120

103

22,891
29,772
30,233
21,206

217

231

109

187

111

24,490

255

272

120

202

129

28,801

268

260

115

193

119

30,161

259

452

136

173

116

29,227

$13,543
14,611

1,224
1,161
1,147
1,415
1,490

61,440
62,671

14,520
16,575
19,623
20,561

17,066
18,380
20,688
20,746

1,344
1,890
2,305
1,476

61,067
83,859
95,832
86,619

18,444
21,645
20,763
36,037

20,034
22,082
21,160
25,020

2,2S5

93,285
108,585
99,699
97,285

14,227
15,405
20,133
18,589

20,013
19,115
22,723
20,593

18,572
18,272
17,956
19,273

19,504
19,752
17,509
19,289

1,713

18,856
23,578
21,813
40,052

20.399
21,670
21,750
26,678

1,325

15,720
16,749
19,677
22,429

20,903
20,339
24,237
22,098

1,112

21,540
21,104
21,001
21,676

22,317
22,169
19,543
21,372

1,830

22,621

22,764
24,777

1920.

September..
October
November..
December..

2,473
2,368
2,114

1921.
January..
February.
March
April

179

109

120

101

21,320

173

193

104

129

89

19,465

244

253

124

135

109

27,502

203

233

112

137

107

22,839

May....
June
July....
August.

160

233

106

140

115

18,060

159

229

107

129

104

17,900

133

225

95

103

87

15,005

159

242

105

90

85

17,960

September..
October....
November..
December..

188

239

111

108

100

21,163

222

296

118

120

116

24,982

211

274

118

124

112

23,767

217

502

145

116

112

24,506

1,462
1,580
1,655
1,680

1,574
1,257
1,105

1,467
1,522
1,421

85,107
74,974
91,503
89,966
96,516
86,970
73,203
71,177
84,153
97,533
93,812
94,257

1922.
January..
February.
March
April

175

197

114

91

102

19,782

161

210

111

113

90

18,198

211

247

132

124

111

23,832

196

281

120

140

116

25,071

May....
June
July....
August.

194

270

121

150

116

21,855

174

265

121

134

108

19,565

154

263

106

110

93

17,355

157

272

116

102

92

17,709

September..
October
November..
December..

190

284

124

121

105

135

156

21,464
30,222

1,383
1,515
1,717

85,745
75,319
93,285
97,160

1,243

97,086
90,796
77,966
77,393

1,485

87,904

1.644
1,351

1.907

1
Except postal receipts in 50 selected cities reported by the U. S. Post Office Department. Mail-order and chain-store sales are reported directly by the companies or
compiled from the Commercial and Financial Chronicle; magazine advertising as reported by Printers' Ink; newspaper advertising compiled by New York Evening Post.
2
Includes Sears, Roebuck & Co. and Montgomery Ward & Co. (details for each store shown on page 125).
3 Includes F. W. Woolworth & Co., S. S. Kresge Co., McCrory, and S. H. Kress & Co. (details for each store shown on page 125).
* Thesefiguresrepresent the number of lines of advertising carried by the leading magazines dated for the month noted.
& Compiledfrom 22 identical cities: New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit, Cleveland, St. Louis, Boston, Baltimore, Los Angeles, Buffalo, San Francisco, Milwaukee,
Washington, Cincinnati, New Orleans, Minneapolis, Indianapolis, Columbus, Louisville, St. Paul, Birmingham, and Houston. For the years 1916 to 1918, no reports were
available for Boston, Louisville, Houston, and Columbus. The totals for those years were computed! rom the actual reports of the 18 other cities, allowing 13.85 per cent
of the total to the four missing cities, the average ratio of those cities to the total in the subsequent years.




135
WHOLESALE TRADE.
Table 88.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
SALES BY FEDERAL ]RESERVE

Philadelphia
(No. 3).

Atlanta
(No. 6).

Richmond
(No. 5).

DISTRICTS.

San Francisco
(No. 12).

DaUas
(No. 11)

Kansas City
(No. 10).

FEAR AND MONTH.

Gro- Hard- Gro- Dry Hard- Gro- Dry Hard- Gro- Hard- Gro- Dry Hard- Gro- Dry Hardceries. ware. ceries. Goods. ware. ceries. Goods. ware. ceries. ware. ceries. Goods. ware. ceries. Goods. ware.
Relative to 1920-1921.
1920-21 monthly average s ... 100.0 100.0
89.2
1921 monthly average
88.3

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
102.4
90.0
83.8
89.4
82.7

100.0 100.0
98.7
99.3

100.0 100.0 100.0
84.1
86.4
72.7

100,0 100.0 100.0
59.8

92.6

88.2

1920.

March
April

163.1
166.4

May
June
July
August

113.1

121.6

117.1

233.4

September
October....
November.
December

129.1
114.8
115.7
100.5

121.1
118.4
106.5
104.6

132.6
120.4
109.4
99.5

1921.
January....
February
March
April

88.6
84.8
100.6
85.6

89.6
74.0
96.4
107.4

May
June
July
August

87.1
91.2
88.8
91.4

September
October
November
December

331.2
304.7

117.3
105.5

240.7
182.9
232.3
262.5

101.3
95.2
112.4
119.1

146.6
114.2
120.4
121.7

179.4
154.3
205.8
223.6

145.3
133.7
123.4
124.3

1

143.0

129.9
123.1
123.2
123.4

104.7
99.8
178.7
190.1

121.3
112.7
119.6 ! 143.9
122.4
135.5

121.5
133.6

131.5
136.7
140.8
138.0

165.3
98.3
85.9
57.6

145.0
132.0
112.3
83.8

125.7
124.1
109.6
105.9

146.6
89.7
81.2
52.5

137.4
123.4
108.3
92.1

131.0
116.6
95.8
81.4

128.8
110.8
87.7
69.5

136.5
125.5
113.0
89.3

204.2
134.8
117.3
39.9

115.9
114.8
111.3
111.3

120.6
117.8
100.5
82.6

206.4
170.2
128.5
68.5

133.3
128.1
104.9
93.2

89.2
87.2
94.7
88.6

80.8
92.5
106.1
77.2

76.2
71.0
95.9
94.3

93.7
94.2
101.0
84.6

71.0
94.7
128.5
95.7

99.8
91.0
96.5
86.3

81.2
81.5
97.3
90.8

60.0
76.2
126.2
103.3

85.7
94.1
93.4
81.9

48.1
69.3
80.4
59.7

122.0
123.2
87.1
78.9

84.0
88.2
106.6
91.9

48.8
53.3
68.5
69.4

80.8
72.7
97.3
95.7

91.6
92.7
76.2
85.0

85.6
88.1
87.6
88.2

66.3
67.2
69.3
104.3

86.4
85.6
74.2
83.7

88.0
77.2
72.6
80.0

83.6
79.2
87.2
126.9

80.0
80.0
69.8
82.3

90.1
97.3
114.4
106.2

95.1
109.4
99.3
104.5

82.3
79.7
80.7
82.1

61.0
58.9
63.7
98.2

77.3
72.7
66.5
78.7

94.2
90.5
101.4
91.4

57.3
56.9
48.5
62.6

89.7
96.6
83.5
89.3

85.8
94.7
91.2
79.9

89.7
92.5
82.2
82.6

94.8
96.9
90.8
81.3

112.8
104.2
69.2
42.8

92.3
97.1
82.8
65.8

84.7
85.2
76.8
75.4

169.9
145.8
91.0
55.3

95.6
110.4
98.8
90.0

114.8
116.2
105.7
88.6

117.3
119.1
98.6
82.1

90.0
93.1
75.4
70.6

111.2
112.4
69.6
39.8

73.2
89.2
88.1
80.0

94.3
100.9
90.6
76.9

78.1
71.3
59.5
43.9

94.7
94.0
85.7
78.1

January
February
March
April

74.3
73.3
82.4
70.7

62.1
62.2
90,9
97.6

76.7
76.5
87.1
78.4

66.2
64.8
79.9
67.0

70.5
58.1
77.8
83.1

67.7
67.6
80.0
68.9

69.8
79.1
102.3
88.8

86.0
75.4
87.9
80.3

84.0
86.2
102.7
92.2

57.9
67.8
102.6
98.9

68.9
73.3
82.3
74.6

54.6
65.4
65.1
59.9

62.4
60.4
68.0
69.2

88.8
76.2
92.2
81.5

50.7
48.4
59.8
54.0

76.1
72.0
89.8
92.4

May
June ...... . . . . . .
July
August

83.0
90.6
81.4
88.0

101.6
94.0
81.1
89.8

88.3
88.9
86.8
92.7

62.4
68.3
74.5
108.0

86.3
82.8
79.1
86.7

80.5
79.5
75.5
87.5

85.0
81.1
101.6
138.2

83.0
79.6
76.0
99.8

100.1
109.5
95.4
102.6

110.1
116.7
102.6
106.5

78.9
81.4
76.3
83.2

60.6
59.0
75.5
111.7

71.6
70.3
70.1
81.8

92.5
102.6
100.5
95.2

57.7
58.6
60.3
81.2

105.6
113.8
99.5
105.2

September

89.2

94.6

95.4

110.3

95.2

86.8

135.2

105.1

111.3

110.5

102.0

105.9

99.3

103.3

86.7

106.2

1922.

October
November
December

j

1
Index numbers calculated from data collected by Federal Reserve Banks of the respective districts showing percentage changes from month to month. The percentage
changes reported by Federal Reserve Banks have been converted into index numbers showing the same corresponding percentage increase or decrease.
3
Twelve months' average, August, 1920, to July, 1921, inclusive.




136
RETAIL TRADE.
Table 89.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
!

MAIL-ORDER
HOUSES.

TEN-CENT STORES.
F. W.
Woolworth
Co.

MontYEAR AND MONTH.

& Co.

s. s.
Kresge
Co.

McCrory
Stores
Corp.

S. H.
Kress
& Co.

MISCELLANEOUS.
United
Cigar
Stores
Co.

J. C.

Penney
Co.

Owl

Drug
Co.

American
Wholesale Corp.

Relative t o 1913.

1OO

1OO

1OO

121

91

110

135

118

124

115

158

104

115

154

156

131

199

126

187

199

148

227

146

201

162

274

178

196

811

176

174

156

267

180

322

213

234

1,092

210

205

216

278

213

387

266

269

1,623

269

253

233

186

189

223

421

265

268

1,767

257

270

213

222

251

205

365

244

246

1,690

277

226

154

198

283

196

365

241

268

1,656

265

232

171

210

222

204

363

267

232

1,492

280

245

341

204

average
average..
average
average

1OO

105

266

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthlv
1921 monthly

100

103

270

average..
average...
average
average.
average..

106

208

1913 monthlv
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

234

201

366

256

248

1,550

263

251

323

100
.

100

1OO

1OO

101

111

95

183

105

112

101

140

319

121

117

132

164

564

145

136

152

;

!

1OO

1920.
May
June
July
\ugust
j September
1 October
November...
December .

204

199

364

255

258

2,127

276

268

245

262

240

410

271

295

2,519

308

286

185

321

329

225

421

272

274

2,264

270

258

183

241

304

390

708

508

491

2,333

358

381

130

196

173

151

291

201

197

1,255

242

264

237

176

165

166

314

210

206

1,243

232

249

198

252

223

214

420

263

276

1,698

260

266

219

206

. .

248

253

195

199

398

245

241

1,696

263

258

165
151

1921.

January
j February..
March
\pril

!

154

203

383

222

244

1,732

256

249

206

195

384

222

251

1,745

251

263

160

134
157

September
October
November

161

139

May
June
July
August

131
166

195
211

370
390

233
249

231

254
250

273

244

1,497
1,526

271

238
286

253

186

September
October
November




313

304

2,422

271

290

258

229

461

271

266

2,220

261

198

224

438

786

546

530

2,245

245
309

331

134

178

169

172

326

216

182

984

199

246

229

156

183

341

235

204

1,089

194

236

132

198

175
243

215

406

270

238

1,433

244

265

163

185

222

244

471

308

267

1,792

244

254

154

182

193

233

444

276

280

1,849

253

261

128

137

261

271

279

1,813

241

274

135

154

225
228

448

154

444

287

251

1,455

247

275

254

153

.

260

470

238
278

239

261
238

214

May
June
July
August

389

230

203

.

205

218

1922.
January
February
March . . .
April

192

1,940

168

235

464

304

248

1,556

246

289

225

214
311

245

491

308

257

2,160

260

274

202

286

180

250

i

See footnote on opposite page.

.

1

237

137
RETAIL TRADE.
Table 90.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
MAIL-ORDER
HOUSES.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Sears,
Roebuck
&Co.

Montgomery
Ward
&Co.

MISCELLANEOUS.

TEN-CENT STORES.
F.W.
Woolworth
Co.

s.s.

Kresge
Co.

McCrory
Stores
Corp.

S.H.
Kress &
Co.

J.C.
Penney
Co.

United
Cigar
Stores
Co.

Drug
Co.

American
Wholesale
Corp.

Owl

Thousands of dollars.

$7,965
8,427
9,389
12,237
14,856

83,310
3,420
4,113
5,178
6,592

$5,519
5,801
6,333
7,257
8,174

$1,105
1,341
1,745
2,200
2,508

$450
411
468
566
655

$898
991
1,036
1,255
1,469

$220
297
402
701
1,240

$2,465
2,492
2,587
2,985
3,576

8325
360
364
381
443

$1,366
1,303
1,380
1,807
2,071

16,544
21,494
21,217
14,835

6,664
8,838
9,192
6,246

8,931
9,958
11,741
12,299

3,026
3,556
4,270
4,655

957
1,197
1,194

1,763
2,104
2,415
2,409

1,778
2,398
3,569
3,887

4,336
5,172
6,637
6,339

566
667
823
879

2,130
2,944
3,188
2,905

May....
June
July....
August.

17,705
15,768
16,743
16,272

8,320
9,380
7,353
7,751

11,320
10,818
11,283
11,070

4,027
4,034
4,012
4,041

2,210
2,410
2,085
2,227

3,714
3,639
3,278
3,406

6,834
6,525
6,910
6,477

735
755
796
816

2,098
2,340
4,658
4,406

September.
October....
November.
December..

16,276
20,113
25,556
19,177

8,214
10,890
10,050

10,957
13,242
12,428
21,522

4,024
4,532
4,652

2,283

2,316
2,652
2,459
4,408

4,673
5,536
4,976
5,127

6,807
7,591
6,654
8,816

872
929
839
1,239

3,345
2,528
2,495
1,773

January...
February.
March
April

15,598
14,003
20,106
16,375

5,721
5,462
7,396
6,464

8,336
9,138
11,831
10,963

3,215
3,468
4,642
4,392

903
946
1,185
1,102

1,773
1,850
2, Alb
2,160

2,759
2,732
3,732
3,726

5,969
5,713
6,413
6,494

859
810
864
837

3,240
2,702
2,987
2,255

May....
June
July
August.

12,239
11,094
10,676
12.477

5,321
6,80ft
4,329
5,483

11,203
10,741
10,744
11,641

4 232
4,245
4,087
4,311

1,001
999
,048
,122

2,110
2,255
2,077
2,191

3,806
3,835
3,290
3,354

6,309
6,186
6,263
6,160

810
855

2,057
2,183
3,250
3,912

September.
October
November.
December..

14,800
17,378
16,186
17,081

6,363
7,604
7,581
7,425

11,325
14,408
13,110
24,155

4,300
5,189
5,098

,069
,251
,220
2,456

2,148
2,731
2,385
4,755

4,263
5,323
4,883
4,938

6,231
6,691
6,029
7,613

846
943
849
1,108

4,276
3,461
2,700
1,831

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

14,188
12,413
15,801
14,713

5,594
5,785
8,031
7,358

9,520
10,095
11,847
13,439

3,598
3,763
4,481
5,208

970
,056
,215

1,632
1,835
2,134
2,396

2,165
2,395
3,153
3,943

4,898
4,794
6,013
6,012

766
860
825

3,133
1,806
2,226
2,107

May
June
July....
August..

14.478
10,910
12,245
12,156

6,377
8,655
5,110
5,553

12,884
12,432
12,557
12,960

4,903
4,945
4,901
5,122

,242
,219
1,2
1,3

2,511
2,508
2,250
2,225

4,067
3,988
3,202
3,424

6,226
5,932
6,100
6,064

848

1,750
1,848
3,468
3,073

September.
October
November.
December..

14,375
19,933

7,089
10,289

13,507
15,774

5,424

2,304

4,753

6,421

891

2,764
3,234

1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.
1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

1920.
1,099
1,082
1,202
1,150
1,147
1,219
1,224

1921.

1
This table is submitted in response to a demand for publication of the figures of sales of individual stores, which have been compiled from published reports. These
figures represent money values of sales. On account of the tremendous increase in J. C. Penney Co. sales, this store is not included m our total of 10-eent store sales given
on page 134. Data on American Wholesale Corporation placed here for convenience.




138
RETAIL SALES.
Table 91.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
DEPARTMENT STORES.

CHAIN STORES.*

MAIL- i
Total ORDER!
I
for 8 HOUS-|
disCigar Shoe 1 Music
ES i Grocery
San
g
New j Phila- RichAt- Minne-I Dallas 3 Fran- tricts,
(16
(4
(5 ! (4
Boston York del p Wa mond lanta apolis 3
weight- houses). chains). chains.) I ^ains). chains). chains), chains).
(16
cisco ed (176
(24
(19
(10
(63
(17
(9
(18
stores). stores), |i stores). stores). stores). stores). stores).
stores). stores).
Federal reserve districts.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Relative to 1919.
1919mo. av...! 1 0 0
1920 mo. av... 116
1921 mo. av... 115

100
118
13
1

1OO
119
117

100
113
106

100
121
103

100
108
94

1OO
| 120
! 99

100
120
117

3

100
117
110

100
103
71

1OO
144
124

100
118
124

1OO
119
121

1OO
133
131

100
121
117

1OO
110

107
106
120
123

90
76
122
134

95
95
113
91

1920.
January
February...
March
April

107
81
119
121

11
1
87
123
117

106
86
126
121

78
118
110

101
88
119
125

96
79
103
111

103
93
130
118

110
89
117
116

105
85
120
118

120
122
131
108

127
128
148
154

111
111

115
108
117
110

May....
June
July....
August.

124
125
88
87

129
121
88
78

129
115
98
97

111
118
88
85

131
112
91
99

113
114
99
92

122
117
91
92

121
114
104
121

124
118
92
91

90
87
81
80

152
150
159
143

113
109
112
111

116
117
124
120

136
130
137
129

147
128
120
92

92
94
85
102

September..
October
November..
December..

108
124
134
178

102
135
142
184

106
134
139
169

101
129
136
188

109
143
142
191

109
116
117
148

118
138
139
179

116
128
121
188

107
132
136
181

91
104
126

143
143
140
138

112
130
126
215

119
123
114
150

137
151
134
181

112
143
135
155

119
127
132
179

January
February
March
April

109
I 87
; 121
] 119

100
88
118
115

109
88
126
125

92
84
118
108

93
90
113
101

90
70
97
106

93
88
110

107
95
116
109

102
87
116
112

64
95
77

124
118
128
121

92
121
111

117
110
123
121

119
116
131
134

85
82
141
139

79
78
82
75

May....
June
July....
August.

118
121
78

113
112
77
74

121
113
90
93

107
112
77
76

106
94
73

93
96
77
81

103
95
69
69

116
107
96
118

111
109
80
83

60
62
49
56

118
116
115
121

112
109
108
116

119
120
122
119

129
127
128
127

136
127
100
86

65
60
56
72

90
100
96
128

91
113
103
160

109
125
116
184

93
128
121
176

72

118
135
133
144

113
141
134
241

119
124
115
146

128
1 138
| 124
! 172

103
135
119
149

82
99
107
173

69
60
74
92

74
72
91

100
85
110
109

87
80
102
112

65
59

135
127
149
150

94
100
118
134

117
114
123
123

111
109
124
125

80
80
102
156

72
75
81
79

69

137
133
129
137

130
125
126
130

123
124
126
127

129
106
127
127

127
123
101
87

81
81
79
97

138

136

| 128

135

118

118

1921.

September
October
November
December

129
125
189

92
138
130
187

91
139
136
171

84
120
117
178

1922.
January
February
March
April

100
84
110
125

97
84
108
118

97
88
112
132

76
72
94
106

May
June
July....
August.

123
122
82
87

117
113
77
78

126
109
87
122

103
103
71
73

September....
October...
November.
December.

115

106

107

91

1

2

124
115
165

75
77
100

85
68

90
88
74
79

86
64
66

135
112
98
123

114
106
78
85

85

99

113

103

75

58
57

Compiled by the Federal Reserve Board, Division of A nalysis and Research. Index numbers are based upon dollar values.

With the exception of the 4 music chains which operate only locally through the West these data include the larger individual chain-store systems, which in theaggreI 1
gatecover practically the entire country. Approximately 10,000 unit stores are represented by the 16 grocery chains: 1,665 unit stores by the 4fiveand ten cent chainsf352
unitstores by the 7 drug store chains; 2,250 unit stores by the 3 cigar chains; 210 unit stores by the 5 shoe chains; and 50 unit stores by the 4 music chains.
8
In calculating bases estimates are made for sales of stores in the Minneapolis and Dallas districts for the months of 1919 for which there are no reports.




139
DEPARTMENT STORE STOCKS.
Table 92.—INDEX NUMBERS.
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
VALUE < STOCKS AT END OF ]MONTH, BY FEDERAL RESERVE DISTRICTS.^
3F
YEAR AND MONTH.

RichPhiladelphia Cleveland mond
(No. 3). (No. 4). (No. 5).

Boston
(No. 1).

New
York
(No. 2).

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

86.6
93.3
102.8
106.6

107.8
107.4

79.1
84.7
95.1
100.2

78.0
87.0
93.4

May
June
July
August

103.5
97 8
93 2
97.2

102.0
95 7
95 2
101.7

93.5
90.7
93.8
99.6

September
October
November
December

106.4
104 5
109 6
88.9

108.7
109.3
103.3
81.5

January
February
March
April

77.6
89.7
84 0
86.3

May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Atlanta
(No. 6).

San
Chicago St. Louis Minne- Kansas
Dallas
apolis
City
(No. 7). (No. 8). (No. 9). (No. 10). (No. 11). Francisco
(No. 12).

100.0

100.0

82.2
90.9
103.7
103.5

92.9
95.7

48.1
74.9
82.5
82.5

98.5

99.9
103.0

22
30
38
46

92.5
91.6
90.3
98.8

105.8
96.1
98.5
100.7

95.1
89.7
94.7
99.7

84.2
84.2
91.2
104.5

95.8

99.2
102.3
97.4
100.2

96.7
88 1
95.9
105.3

88 9
108 7

57 5
70 8
86 6
98 9

107.9
108.8
103.8
85.8

107.8
112.8
105.6
84.5

111.0
111.1
102.5
76.3

112.8
113.6
105.9
73.3

109.5
111.0
104.4
79.3

106.9
108.8
104.1
84.5

107.1
108.0
103.4
84.0

110.1
108.1
102.6
78.0

115.8
112 3
101.8
72.4

108.3
109 6
105 9
90.7

75.3
79.3
86.1
89.5

75.9
80.3
85.0
86.1

72.2
74.4
80.3
83.7

64.0
69.7
75.5
78.7

72.7
77.0
80.4
80.0

77.9
79.0
86.2
85.6

81.7
80.9
88.3
88.4

76.6
77.4
82.2
79.8

77.1
84.9
90.3
91.8

66.7
70.0
76 4
76.8

87.0
88.9
92 9
95.7

84.5
81.0
78.9
80.0

87.7
82.8
79.3
85.0

86.2
84.8
80.8
80.2

81.1
78.8
74.0
79.0

77.3
74.1
72.4
67.3

77.8
75.6
75.2
79.1

82.9
79.5
78.6
84.9

86.8
86.4
83.1
90.9

76.4
72.0
71.5
76.4

87.8
79.8
85.2
95.9

74.1
70.7
69.1
80.8

94.7
87.5
86.9
90.9

88.5
94.0
98.6
83.8

95.1
99.7
101.7
85.1

86.1
88.3
88.7
76.4

86.7
88.7
89.3
73.6

78.7
80.8
80.4
72.9

87.8
89.1
89.3
73.3

88.5
91.7
91.2
75.4

97.6
98.1
98.9
81.8

79.5
80.2
79.6
69.3

101.8
102.2
98.0
78.1

86.6
86.9
86.9
65.3

94.7
95.3
96.6
81.0

77.9
81 3
86 9
88.1

82.0
84 5
93.9
94.5

76.7
79.2
86.4
87.4

67.2
77.2
84.7
85.8

59.7
67.2
73.0
72.1

73.2
79 3
82.4
82.4

71.6
79.0
84.8
84.3

73.8
82.1
89.8
89.0

66.8
70.9
76.6
74.0

80.5
91.4
98.1
98.4

65.0
70 7
76.7
75.5

76.5
84.4
90.4
92.1

May
June
July
August

87 1
83 5
81 2
82.5

90 5
85.8
80.7
84.3

850

80.4
78.0
81.3

82.6
79.3
74.0
78.1

69 6
67.0
64.5
67.7

79 2
74.5
73.5
77.9

82.2
78.2
76.9
85.1

86.5
81.5
80.7
87.8

75.5
73.5
72.7
76.2

93.9
85.3
84.2
94.9

73 0
66.5
65.1
72.6

86 3
81.1
80.7
84.0

September
October
November
December

91 9

92.9

91.0

84.7

76.8

84.6

87.4

95.4

80.0

100.1

77.0

88.8

Six months' average, July-Dec., 1920.

2 100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1920.
January
FebrUaFV
March
April

•

9
2
4
7

1921.

1922.
January
February
March
April...

. .

; Index numbers calculated from data c ollected by the Federal Reserve Board in cooperation with the National Retail Dry Goods Association from about 300 department
stores, showing percentage changes from month to month. The Federal Reserve Board states that the original material was in dollar amounts, except in districts 3, 4, 8, and
10, where only percentages were received, and the averages for the districts were computed by weighting according to the volume of business done during 1920. The per
centage changes reported by the Federal Reserve Board have been converted into index numbers which show the same corresponding percentage increase or decrease.
2
Relative to five months' average, August-December, 1920.




140

EMPLOYMENT AGENCY OPERATIONS.
Table 93.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

JOBS REGISTERED.

WORKERS REGISTERED.
YEAR AND MONTH.

WORKERS PLACED.

Applicants:
per
Job.

East- Cen- South- WestEast- Cen- South- WestEast- Cen- South- WestTotal.
ern
tral
tral
ern
Total.
ern
em
ern
ern
ern
tral
ern
Total.
ern
States. States. States. States.
States. States. States. States.
States. States. States. States.
Relative to 6 months' average, July-December, 1921.

6 months' average, 1921..

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

100

j
1921.
July
August
September

98

•90

102

101

98

101

95

•103

99

104

101

4

105

101

128

114

109

< 105

117

137

90

105

119

145

131

108

106

116

109

91

98

94

84

83

98

103

98

98

93

105

84

78

76

76

85

90

81

91

85

119

86 1

70

81

85

116

98

95

85.

95

131

99

93

85

85

100

115

87

103

79

106

81

110

6 100

«94

>104

93

99

105

<96

104

122

112

115

104

110

94

122

120

87

97

101

85

85

92

94

95

85

96

124

79

86

55

92

76

108

102

98

102

85

119

101 i

!

:

97

I

91
|

!

i

125

120

114

111

129

134

127

133

129

97

139

149

142

115

128

124

135

144

113

76

:

186

105

215

146

164

177

157

195

159

167

j

70

|

216

166

245

279

192

202

160

218

253

202

'

60

115

112

117

99

102

105

109

106

113

93

119
138

May
June
July
August

130

187

114

136

111

128

119

128

180

115

September
October
November
December

!

79

April

.

8

95

»106

»94

100

109

1922.
January
February....

i

»97

97

109

101

October
November
December

«84

101

97
102

...

j

118

.




123

110

114

153

182 J

159

193

153

195

169

145

174

168

187

65

115

115

112

107

137

192

153

218

138

201

180

146

191

145

206

60

112

123

102

117

143

205

187

206

173

236

190

166

182

167

243

61

!

1

i
I

See footnotes on opposite page.

141

EMPLOYMENT AGENCY OPERATIONS.
Table 94.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Data from Government sources.1
WORKERS REGISTERED.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total.

JOBS REGISTERED.

South- WestEast- Cenern
Total.
ern
tral
States. States. States. States.

Eastern

WORKERS PLACED.

Cen- South- Westtral
ern
ern
Total.
States. States. States.

Applicants
per
job.

East- Cen- South- Western
tral
ern
States. States. States. States.
I

Number.
6 months' average, 1921.. 202,132 j| 39,299

124,700 14,066

24,068 I 116,866 29,967 53,068

8,599 25,232

94,478

23,941 43,072

6,835 20,630

1.73

I

1921.
July
August
September

196,306 | 42,913 116,713 j* 14,02S »22,652 111,353
206,368 39,149 «130,234 13,062 23,923 I 118,415
204,940 41,215 < 119,919 I 14,559 29,247 131,359

30,353 51,694 •8,080 »21,226
28,935 »56,213 8,646 24,621
34,446 *55,874 8,680 32,359

89,600
95,427
107,354

23,464 41,745 65,924 •18,467
22,707 844,531 6,760 21,429
26,028 <45,091 7,969 28,265

1.76
1.74
1.56

October
November.
December..

220,052
195,322
189,806

40,942
38,137
33,437

136,597 | 13,240 29,273 ; 139,953
124,7S0 12,022 20,383 107,802
92,315
119,958 17,483 18,928

31,412 63,120 12,446 32,975
29,407 50,138 7,237 21,020
25,247 41,371 6,505 19,102

101,662
92,696
80,128

25,341
24,568 42,250
21,537 34,828

7,460 18,875
6,667 19,211
6,230 17,533

1.57
1.81
2.06

1932.
January...
February.
March
April

172,838
206,405
231,981
213,167

21,515
38,465
47,040
42,829

114,492
127,344
146,298
132,202

21,022
25,379
37,445
41,673

29,272
29,015
27,994
28,910

92,924
82,513
122,227
120,763

22,821
24,616
31,979
29,684

36,608
34,026
54,640
58,006

6,524
7,257
9,084
9,854

26,971
16,614
26,524
23,219

1.72
1.91
1.67
1.32

May
June
July.....
August..

262,025
259.451
238.186
233, HO

73,396 142,727 19,131 26,771
46,706 159,799 25,281 27,665
48,256 137,062 16,081 36,787
45,257 139,874 15,053 32,954

217,382
252,106
212,581
224,235

49,3«>5 114,100
49,813 129,878
47,536 102,672
45,757, 115,930

41,365
48,431
49,187
50,774

166,757
191,301
159,884
169,711

37,544
38,323
34,804
35,033

83,813 10,879 34,521
94,080 17,298 41,600
74,950 11,453 38,672
S2,323 9,941 42,412

1 21
1.03
1.12
1.04

September
October
November
December

225.8

48,399 126,649 16,406 34,442

239.751

56.014 109,190 14,872 59,673

179,644

39,749 78,250

10,744
11,971
13,988
15,869

26,087 ; 100,599
28,625 108,163
24,655 139,055
22,267 161,768

43,004 7,301
45,139 8,630
63,776 9,840
78,938 12,247
12,552
23,984
13,179
11,872

11,435 50,206

1.06

1
Compiled from weekly reports to the U. S. Department of Labor, Employment Service, by state and municipal employment agencies. Eastern states included in the
report are Connecticut, District of Columbia, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island (Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, now reporting, are
excluded to show true comparison). Central states are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota,
and Wisconsin. Southern states include Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Oklahoma. Texas, and Virginia. Western states include Arizona,
California, Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington; Montana is included beginning with March, its figures being so small as not to affect the total.
* One weekin July estimated for South Dakota.
» First two weeks in July estimated for Arkansas.
« One week in August estimated for Iowa and Michigan.
«First two weeks in July estimated for Washington.
« Month of September for South Dakota and one week for Iowa estimated.




142
LABOR.
Table 95.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
NEW YORK
STATE
FACTORIES.2

YEAR AND MONTH.

U.S.
NEW YORK
FAC- UNEMSTATE
PLOYTO- MENT.
FACTORIES.2
RIES.3
IMMI- E M I GRA- G R A AverEmTION.< TION.* NumTotal
age
ber of
ployees Pennpay
weekly on pay
sylemearnvania.
ployees. roll.
roll.
ings.

WISCONSIN
FACTORIES.

NumNumber of Total ber of Total
pay
pay
ememroll. ployees. roll.
ployees.

Relative to 1915
(first quarter).

Relative to 1914.

Relative Relative Relative to 1913.
to 1921. toApr.Dec.av.

Thousands.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly av
1914 monthly av..
1915 monthly av
1916 monthly av..
1917 monthly av

100
103
121
126

1OO
107
141
166

105
128
136

112
160
198

1918 monthly av..
1919 monthly av..
1920 monthly av..
1921 monthly av..

128
120
124
97

210
227
281
241

140
136
135
94

123
121

284
281

138
131

114

263

106

241

98
100
100
99

217
214
218
208

1920.
September
October
November
December
1921.
January
Februarv
March
April

Number
unemployed.

Thousands.

B . - -NUMERICAL

106
125
146

478
494
579
604

DATA.

$5,942
6,377
8,366
9,892

258
284
342
191

ISO
209
254
202

15
17
44
49

32
35
70
68

614
573
594
464

12,481
13,490
16,711
11,943

301
344

262
263

80
87

64
79 '

588
577

122

306

251

75

07

545

113

270

239

78

82

500

10,884
16,681
15.055
14,330

100.0
101.6
98.6
93.1

222. 0
218.0
213.3
200.6

222.0
214.0
216.4
215.5

104
103
102
101

63
57
62
00

58
58
51
64

467
476
480
471

12,894
12,734
12,955
12,335

1.628
1,613
1,588
1,581

191.6
177.0
166.8
185.5

209.4
199.7
186.7
201.6

101
98

1,574
1 ,527
•L.510
1,526

30,029
40,950
37,791
38,352

100

39

74

444

112

41

75

443

99
100
101
96

107
105
105
102

41
39
38
26

90
70
58
67

461
472
471
471

11,550
11,571
11,465
11,744

1,545
1,560
1,567
1,493

282,125
276,675
276,345
269,322

48,814
45,975
44,648
30,897

45,752
38,956
29,646
34,130

175.6
191.2
187.6
189.5

100

122

19

31

464

100

119

15

28

478

103
104

117
106

21
25

31
49

484
478

11,330
11,563
11,901
11,546

1,557
1,565
1,605
1,617

321,893
313,835
308,540
278,850

22,633
17,643
24,539
29,166

15,585
14,423 !
15,696
24,962

206.3
219.3
199.9
216.7

197.2
200 4
186.3
199.5

107

1,669

215,410
167,405
124,665
99,210

36,880
36,236
41,241
42,735

23,147
26 944
14,738
10,448

220.6

200.3

82,790
56,052
37,880

49,877

7,525

96
99
99
99

194
195
193
198

93.5
94.4
93.9
94.5

179.6
181.6
176.5
179.2

192.0
192.4
188.0
189.7

1922.
January
February
March
April

97

1-91

100

195

101
100

200
194

95.6
96.5
99.5
101.9

167.9
184.5
186.7
193.1

101

200

103

205

107

82,648
57,803
46,367
48,707

97

September .
October
November
December

110.1

238,625
232,520
263,000
294,985

98

190

221

29,447
29,562
26 236
32,700

59
80

189

204

75,384
67,4S3
74,147
70,780

263,027

69
49

93

212

32,506
40 047
34 385
41 935

233,645

6

91
88

93

105

89

94,852
103 269
89,224
93 233

1,559

16,106
18,019
35,672
34,463

11,929
11,641
11,219
11,280

91.5
88.6
89.4
92.0

103

6 100

17,654
19,752
51,798
57,804

461
453

201
196

104.7
109.5
107.3
108.6

100

Number.

118,936 5 0 , 9 9 4
116,923 52,817
36,187 32,015
30,562 20,067
30,240 12,198

100
104
63
39
24

96
95

September
October.
November
December

vania.

100
98
30
26
25

Mav
June
July
August

May
June
July
August

Thousands of
dollars.

U.S.
FAC- UNEMPLOYTORIES.* MENT. IMMI- EMIGRAGRAEmTION.* TIONS
ployees Pennsyl-

82

31

45

482

63

30

53

490

47

35

29

490

38

36

20

501

11,857
12,199
12,136
12,580

31
21

42

15

511

13,145

14

:

t

1 Data on New York state factories furnished by the New York Department of Labor; Wisconsin factories by the Wisconsin Industrial Commission; Number on pay
roll, U. S. factories, from U. S. Department of Labor. Employment Service; Unemployment in Pennsylvania, estimated as of the first of the month on the basis of reliable
statistics, by the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry, Bureau of Employment; Immigration and emigration statistics from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau
of Immigration.
2
Figures represent reports from 1,648 firms in New York state employing more than one-third of the factory workers in the state.
3
Information is from 1,428 factories, usually employing over 500 workers each.
4
Includes total admitted, both immigrants and nonimmigrants.
5
Includes total departed, both emigrants and nonemigrants.
• Nine months' average, March-December.




143
COST OF LIVING.
Table 96.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

FURNITURE MISCELLAAND HOUSE
NEOUS.
FURNISHINGS.

FUEL AND
LIGHT.

100.0
101 0
104.7
120.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0
101.5
102.3

101.0
101.0
108.4

104.0
110.6
127.8

100.0
103 0
107.4
113.3

100.0
103.0
105.1
118.3

157.0
187.0
195.5
198.5
149.3

149.1
205.3
241.6
223.0
199.7

100.1
109.2
119.8
143.0
160.0

124.1
147.9
151.2
183.4
181.1

150.6
213.6
244.3
289.6
230.1

140.5
165.8
181.7
204.8
207.8

142.4
174.4
188.3
208.5
177.3

219.0
178.0

287.5
258.5

134.9
151.1

171.9
194.9

292.7
285.4

201.4
208.2

216.5
200.4

144.7
153.1
150 0

1913, average
1914, December
1915, December.
1916, December..

HOUSING.

222.6
192.1
184 4

159.0
160.0
161 0

181.6
180.7
181 1

247.7
224.7
218 0

208.8
207.8
206 8

180.4
177.3
174 3

138.7
141 0
139 8

175.5
172 3
171.3

160.9
160 9
161.1

175.8
174 4
183.8

206.5
202 9
202.9

203.3
201 5
201.1

166.9
166.6
166.3

FOOD.

.

.

1917, December.
1918, December
1919, av. 2 inos. (June, Dec.)
1920, av. 2 mos. (June, Dec.)
1921, av. 3 mos. (May, Sept., Dec.).

CLOTHING.

100.0
105 0
105.0
126.0

YEAR AND MONTH.

TOTAL.

1930.
June. ..
.
December
1921.
May
September
December
1922.
March
June
September .
December

•

1
Reports compiled by the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Prices represent averages for the month in 32 cities; food prices reported by 15 to 25
dealers in each city, fuel and light by 10 to 15 firms, including public utilities, in each city; other quotations secured directly from records. Rentals are based on 250 to
950 houses and apartments in each city and for each item of clothing, furniture, and miscellaneous, four quotations are secured in each city (five in New York City).

WAGES, COMMON LABOR.1
Table 97.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from trade and commercial sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
Relative
to 1913.2
Y E A R AND MONTH.

A.—INDEX
NUMBERS.

February 1,1913..
February 1, 1916..
May 1,1916
December 16,1916
May 1,1917
October 1,1917...
April 16,1918




1OO
110
125
138
150
165
190
1
2
3
4

Per hour.

Relative
to 1913.2

Per
10-hour day.
YEAR AND MONTH.

B.—NUMERICAL
DATA.

$0.20
.22
.25
.275
.30
.33
.38

$2.00
2.20
2.50
2.75
3.00
3.30
3.80

August 1, 1918....
October 1, 1918...
February ] , 1920..
May 16,1921
July 16, 1921
August 29, 1921...
September 1,1922

A.—INDEX
NUMBERS.
210
231
253
204
185
150
180

In effect in plants of United States Steel Corp. in the Pittsburgh district beginning on dates mentioned.
Per 10-hour day.
Basic 8-hour day adopted with provision for payment of time and a half for overtime.
Basic 8-hour day abrogated.

Per hour.

Per
10-hour day.

B.—NUMERICAL
DATA.

$0.42
3.42
.46
.37

<.37
.30
.36

$4.20
4.62
5.06
4.07
3.70
3.00
3.60

144
COST OF LIVING,
Table 98.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from non-Government sources.1
[Base yearfiguresin bold-faced type.]
YEAR AND MONTH.

FUEL AND
LIGHT.

SUNDRIES.

ALL I T E M S
WEIGHTED.

1OO
102
104
126

1OO
100
104
117

1OO
101
109
131

261

138
144
168

166

1,83

152
164
185
184

159
172
198
167

270
277

177
178

190

149
149

183

195

151

183

197

166
161
166
169

183

202

185

203

185

205

185

203

178

188
190
192
192

199

CLOTH-

SHELTER.

100

1914, J u l y .
1915, J u l y .
1916, J u l y .
1917, J u l y .

FOOD.

1OO
100
102
105

1OO

185

156

118
129
154
169

100
111
146

1918 average for two m o n t h s . . .
1919 average for three months.
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average

173
186
205

ING.

103
120
143

205

1920.

January...
February.
March
April

149

197

143

208

145

200

149

200

150

277
288

May
June
July
August..

211

151

287

215

151

276

219

158

266

219

156

258

September.
October
November.
December..

207

159

203

159

198

166

193

166

255
248
228
205

January...
February.
March
April

178

166

187

181

166

174

200
198

192

172

190

176

158

171

174

187

185

169

156

171

169

179

185

168

May
June
July
August.

152

171

168

178

185

166

145

171

162

178

185

162

144

169

164

179

185

163

148

169

159

179

183

162

September.
October....
November.
December..

155
153
153
152

169
169
169
169

157
160
161
157

179
179
179
179

183
180
178
178

165
164
163
163

January...
February.
March
April

150
142
139
139

169
165
165

156
156
154
155

178
177
174
174

178
177
174
174

161
158
155
155

May
June
July
August..

139

165

156

174

174

155

141

165

153

174

174

155

142

165

154

174

172

156

139

165

153

181

172

155

140

165

155

187

172

156

183
200
200

194

197
193
190

1921.

1922.

September.
October....
November.
December..

1
Compiled by the National Industrial Conference Board, and represent retail prices on the first day of the month, except food,
which is the retail food index of the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for the 15th of the preceding month. Beginning with March,
1922, all prices shown are as of the 15th of the month indicated. The index is weighted according to the estimated consumption of
average wage earners before the war, on the following basis: Food 43.1 per cent, shelter 17.7 per cent, clothing 13.2 per cent, fue
and light 5.6 per cent, sundries 20.4 per cent.




145
PRICES.
Table 99.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data front Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
WHOLESALE PRICE INDEX NUMBERS (Revised).*
(Compiled by U. S. Department of Labor.)

Farm
products.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Food,
etc.

Fuel
Cloths
and
and
clothing. lighting.

Metal
and
metal
prod-

FARM PRICES.'

RETAIL
FOOD
Building Chemi- House Miscel- All com- PRICES.8
mate- cals and furnish- laneous. modirials.
drugs.
ties.
good s.

Crops*

Live
stock.

1OO j
108
110
i 124

100
103
95
111

Relative to 1913.
1913 mo. av..
1914 mo. av..
1915 mo. av..
1916 mo. av..

100

1OO

103

102

104

1917 mo. av..
1918 mo. av..
1919 mo. av..
1920 mo. av..
1921 mo. av..

105

123

121

1OO

100
92
94

100
101
134
181

100

1OO
95
95
121

100

100
100
106

98
101
127

100
102
101
114

165

202
215
169
200
136

125
153
184
254
195

148
156
175
196
128

177
194
206
226
147

146
167
186
203
153

208
224
j 234
238
109

164
192
198
168
107

174
166
147
121

100
os
98
127

100
88
126

so
99
162

169
170
181
241
199

231
187
162
192
129

201

yo

OR

120

!

190

167

218

188

231

207

218

220

124

144

175
228
253
295
180

210
187
173
152

215
201
190
170

266
245
226
215

281
280
264
254

200
191
176
160

255
240
215
204

205
198
181
164

273
271
260
242

195
188
179
166

226
211
196
179

203
198
178

219
181
148
131

January
February...
March
April

143
133
127
117

162
151
151
144

196
188
183
176

247
225
212
205

153
147
140
138

192
180
173
167

153
149
143
135

217
217
216
216

154
147
139
130

170
160
155
148

172
158
156
152

125
120
116
108

120
117
123
112

May....
June
July....
August.

118
114
119
123

139
137
141
k
146

173
172
172
171

200
191
186
184

138
133
124
117

165
163
160
156

134
133
129
129

209
196
180
179

126
125
123
119

145
142
141
142

145
144
148
155

106
107
107
108

109
104
109
113

September.
October
November..
December..

124
124
121
120

142
140
139
136

178
180
180
180

181
187
197
199

116
116
114
113

156
159
163
158

131
131
129
127

179
180
178
178

118
118
119
121

141
142
141
140

153
153
152
150

110
104
98
97

101
98
92
91

January..
February.
March
April

122
131
130
129

131
135
137
137

176
174
172
171

195
191
191
194

112
110
109
113

157
156
155
156

124
123
125
124

178
177
175
175

117
117
117
116

138
141
142
143

142
142
139
139

105
112
115

95
108
117
115

May....
June
July...
August.

132
131
135
131

138
140
142
138

175
179
180
181

216
225
254
271

119
120
121
126

160
167
170
172

122
122
121
122

176
176
173
173

116
114
114
115

148
150
155
155

139
141
142

118
119
118
114

118
119
119
112

September..
October
November..
December. .

133

138

183

244

134

180

124

173

116

153

140

110

109

1920.
September
October
November
December

157
172
264

j
j
I

1921.

1922.

1
Wholesale prices and retail food prices from the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; farm prices from the U. S. Department of Agriculturet Bureau
of Agricultural Economics.
wholesale price index number of the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, is based on quotations of 404 commodities. These commodities
•The revised wl
are arranged in 9 groups as given in the table. In computing this index, the price of each commodity is weighted by multiplying it by the estimated quantity of that
gi. _ r
„
aticle m a k e t d in the census year 1919.
article marketed i th
n u s a 1919
8
The retail food price index compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics represents the changes in the price of 22 articles of foods as reported by retail dealers in 51 of
the larger cities as of the 15th of the month.
< As of the 15th of each month. Farm prices of crops represent the relative average prices to farmers of the 10 leading crops.

15566°—22




10

146

WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 100.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-face type.]
C O M P I L E D BY FEDERAL. R E S E R V E BOARD.

(Revised.)

ConAgriculAnimal
Mineral Total raw Producers' sumer's
Forest
tural
goods.
goods.
products. products. products. products. products.

DUN'S.

All commodities.

BRADSTREET'S

YEAR AND MONTH.
96
300
;
117
11
88
21
35
199
:
404
'•
21
quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. commodi- commodities.
ties.

Relative to 1913.
100
102
112
130
211

1913 monthly average
1014 m o n t h l y avp.ragp.
1915 m o n t h l y avp.ragp.

1916 monthly average
1617 monthly average. .

243
250
255
134

191R monthl v avp.ragp

1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average

100
99
101
126
187

100
92
97
143
184

100
101
102
119
163

185

205
218
229
142

181
179
214
135

191
211
231
159

100
103
98
119
174

100
92
90
102
135

1OO

203

157
211
312
166

181

.221
186
110

i

92
97
138
191

180
236

100
98
ioi

100
101
105
123
199

;

127
177

!

226
147

97
107
128
170

190
191
207
141

194
206

1OO

\

203
203
204
123

1920.
May
June..

311
299
285

185

357

234

246

244

249

247

218

225

188

324

243

245

238

245

243

217

216

186

315

254

242

232

244

241

215

210

A u g u s t . . . .

254

183

309

263

235

219

235

231

209

204

Septp.mbp.r

229

189

293

272

232

209

230

226

205

195

October
November.
December

192

173

267

267

212

196

219

211

196

173
159

158

225

247

192

182

209

196

188

J

170

131

213

233

174

166

192

179

175

I

148

January
February
March
April

157

120

197

224

166

160

180

170

164

148

117

179

204

155

152

170

160

154

1

134

138

119

169

194

150

145

168

155

150

i

129

128

108

160

189

141

139

161

148

144

;

123

May
June
July
August

134

106

159

186

137

156

158

178

133

j

115

113

172

135

128

123

114

155
152

153
154

138
137

117

103

145
142

|

126
122

140
135

169

135

125

157

Rppt,p.m.hp.r

141

105

154

168

137

126

155

October

135

107

162

174

138

126

154

Novp.mber

130

103

175

178

137

125

153

141

December

130

103

169

179

137

125

151

140

January

130

109

167

178

139

123

146

138

February

140

121

166

177

146

118

148

141

141

122

165

178

147

120

150

145

120

167

180

148

122

149

July....

..

184

1921.

.
...

141

!

137

132

116

135

120

141

134

142

134

120
121

142

!

i;

135

123

136

123

1922.

March..

.

April

Juno....

.

..

. . .

July
August

157

125

150

211

188

,

241

127

191

|

261

127
129
129

151

130

159
171
173
168

132

132

199

236

October
{

;

|

140

143

|

137

150

202

186

134

Sfipt.p.mbp.r

124

142

153

174

123

!

123

IOC

136

149

122

146
147
138

.........

136
i

j

148
150
155
155

152

May

154

!

126
125
I
j

i

139

i

140

129

144
143

131

142

131

145

136

127

131

DAr,p.m hp.r

i
1

i

First eight columns give the revised wholesale price index numbers of the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, as reclassified by the Federal Reserve
Board into the groupings as shown. The weights are the same as those used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the total of all commodities is therefore the same as the
revised Department of Labor index. Dun's and BradstreeVs index numbers are calculated as of the first of each month, but really refer to prices in the preceding month;
the index numbers have been calculated to a 1913 base from the actual figures as published in these journals. Bradstreet's index is the sum of prices per pound of the
commodities, while Dun's is weighted by the amount "annually consumed by each inhabitant."




147
FOREIGN PRICE COMPARISONS.
Table 101.—INDEX NTJMBEKS.
From Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type.}
UNITED STATES. 1
All
Goods Goods comeximmodiported. ported. ties.
YEAR AND MONTH.
18
quotations.

40
quotations.

90
quotations.

FRANCE.

UNITED KINGDOM.

Lon- British
don Board
Econo- of
mist. Trade.

CANADA.

JAPAN.

SWITA U S - INDIA
SWEGen. U.S. ITALY D E N . Z E R U.S.
Can. U.S. Bank U.S. T R A - (CalL A N D . Dept.
Stat. Fed.
Fed.
Fed.
Fed. LIA. cutta).
of
(12)
Res.
Bu- Res.
of
Res.
Res.
Board. reau. Board.;
Labor. Board. Japan. Board.
(10)
(6)

!

Rel. to
July,
1914.

Relative t o 1913.

1

Relative to
July, 1914.

Relative to 1913.

99

101

100
95

123

137

133

100
101
110

160

1Q1S mnnthlv
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

av
av
av
av

1OO

1OO

202

135

262

299

177

! 100
:
96
97
117
: 149

225

100

187

204

1913 monthly av

339

409

206

193

170
180

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO
100

March
April

.....

May
julv
August

211

235

235

239

283

314

314

108

136

148

181

202

201

164

219

232

284

318

315

1

526

497

655

362

142

187

214

266

309

297

!

502

483

659

346

127

168

196

245

293

280

461

456

670

112

151

179

220

269

260

435

420

114

147

168

251
230

407

226

377

114

129

157
152

209
192

244

140

189

215

213

109

125

146

183

209

105
102

1921.
January . . . . . . . . . .

222

191

113

1920.
September
October
November
December
.....

174

129

145

182

126

142

179

103

126

145

104

127

241

364

357

100

217

207

478

624

347

326

246

250

578

211

195

182

167

200

1

259

321

100
141
| 132

235

510
345

:

100
100

155

218

204

167

181

181

|

241

244

230

230

208

i

234

234

j 226

215

206

331

225

221

j

221

208

194

655

299

214

208

I 206

1 197

180

387

642

267

238

208

199

1

201

178

613

250

230

199

189

;

195

176
171

196

364

192

174

360

345

604

237

219

194

184

191

167

181

175

206

347

333

584

229

208

187

177

190

169

171

183

206

201

329

323

547

218

186

183

168

191

173

166

184

202

197

325

311

509

218

185

179

165

192

172

162

178

178

198

196

330

312

520

211

179

176

163

196

178

159

183

146

179

194

195

331

302

542

198

177

174

166

199

177

160

184

1
i

|

106

149

146

183

191

194

344

301

580

182

181

172

158

207

192

160

187

107

146

145

170

185

187

331

295

599

175

184

169

149

219

202

1.56

184

108

143

176

177

332

292

595

174

182

168

145

214

197

151

•180

141

145
142

166

111

162

171

172

326

287

595

172

178

170

145

209

193

148

180

110

October
November
December

168

144

206

191

147

178

149
150
152

204

185

201

182

179
182

198

180

147
146
148

1922.
170

314

286

176

165

167

306

283

577
562

170

146

159
158

168

110

139
142

142

February

166

171

March

111

144

147

160

163

168

307

287

533

164

171

April

115

144

149

159

163

167

314

299

527

165

163

169
166
166

May
June
July
August

119

155

158

162

164

171

317

302

524

164

161

167

154

194

180

155

187

124

163

161

163

163

169

325

303

537

164

160

1,53

197

184

156

183

129

165

163

163

171

325

306

558

165

161

1.54

201

192

157

181

127

165
162

165
166

165

158

159

168

331

297

571

163

163

164

148

195

184

155

178

September
October
November
December

128

157

164

156

165

329

292

158

163

176

158

176

,

144

\

•

182

j !

1

Data in the first three columns are original compilations of the Federal Reserve Board constructed for the purpose of international price comparisons; basic prices are
obtained from trade journals and private firms and weighted according to the 1913 volume imported and exported, respectively, for "imported goods" and "exported goods."
The2total index number includes also goods produced, weighted by production in 1913, and goods consumed, weighted by consumption in 1913.
Compiled by the London Economist; quotations on 44 commodities, mostly raw materials, unweighted.
3
Compiled by British Government Board of Trade; quotations on 150 commodities.
4
Compiled by Bulletin de la Statistique Generale of the French Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare; quotations on 45 commodities, mostly raw materials, unweighted.
5
Compiled by Prof. Bachi; quotations on 38 commodites until 1920, thereafter 76 commodities.
6
Compiled by the Federal Reserve Board on the same basis as their United States index for international price comparison. Detailed descriptions of these index numbers may be found in the following numbers of the Federal Reserve Bulletin: United Kingdom, February, 1922, pp. 147-153; Canad July, 1922, pp. 801-806; Franco, August,
~~
-----nada, " '
1922, pp. 922-929; Japan, September. 1922, pp. 1052-1059.
7
Compiled by Svensk Handelstianing as of the middle of each month; 47 quotations.
8
Compiled by Neue Zuricher Zeitung as of the first of each month; quotations on 71 commodities.
lighted.
a

>/ Census c
npiled by the A
s; quotations on 92 commodities, weighted by consumption.
Compiled by the Indian Department of Statistics; quotations on 75 commodities.




148
PUBLIC FINANCE.
Table 102.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAI DATA.
Based on data from Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
U. S. GOVERNMENT
DEBT.

U.S.
GOVERNMENT
FINANCES.

MONEY IN
U.S.
GOVERNMENT
CIRDEBT.
CULATION.'

Total
Cus- Total OrdiTotal
In te ir- Liber- toms ordi- nary
4
Interest- Liberty
nary dises tty 6 reTotal. Per
bursebear- loans. ceipts.5 recapita. bearing.3 loans.
lng.3
ceipts.: ments

YEAR AND MONTH.

Relative to
1919.

Relative to 1913.

Relative to
1919.

Millions of dollars.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly average
monthly average
monthly average
monthly average
monthly average

\

4
4
4
4
11

100
66

100
101
96

67

108

71

154

45

57

576

100

58

642

99

101

888

92

i
1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly average
monthly average
monthly average
monthly average

1920.
September
October
November
December

48
100
96
94

687

100
103
107.
106
168
1,313
2,250
742
651

11,986

747,211

4,500

42.53

100

25,234
24,336
23,598

15,228
15,286
26,961
26,160

347,834

1OO

9,313
20,726
20,537
19,828

387,300

1,280,447

4,915

536,006

-422,039

5,385

414,323

370,485

4,927

46.00
50.29
45.62

20,329
20,312
20,088
20,269

24,036
25,600
21,185
18,555

911,307
220,035
275,421
931,989

496,777
426,497
426,092
404,575

5,480
5,553
5,617
5,584

20,228
20,165
20,102
20,056

25,925
21,153
29,204
40,417

217,328
248,564
921,628
296,171

388,179
351,102
536,476
494,091

5,501

51.29

5,233

48.73

19,995
19,844
19,776
19,611

25,485
24,723
19,796
26,449

223,706
750,017
209,068
242,443

19,717
19,537
19,491
19,408

23,357
26,408
24,843
26,155

19,372
19,129
18,458
18,405

110

109

100

112

111

23,853

750

113

112

23,825

95

98

82

456

749

114

114

23,939

70

1,544

711

114

113

23,745

360

682

112

112

23,756

412

617

107

106

23,820

943

106

105

23,741

103

102

23,760

May....
June—
July....
August.

110

1,527

97

152

491
371

648

102

101

23,710

93
75
99

1,243

825

102

101

23,739

346

566

99

98

23,534

402

512

96

95

23,680

468

95

94

23,675

94
94
93
94

September..
October
November..
December..

95
95

94

95

88

1,142

92

94

99

394

535

95

93

23,201

93

94

93

324

570

94

92

23,365

92

94

1,227

580

93

91

23,189

92

93

103

317

406

96

94

23,152

92

92

127

291

320

90

23,238

152

913

573

90

22,904

127

328

426

91

22,954

92

134

342

418

90

90

1922.
January...
February..
March
April

146

784

553

87

91
91

May....
June—
July....
August.

89

141

340

384

86

22,716

85

147

359

383

87

22,795

18,361
18,292
17,751
17,534

89

85

200

754

535

90

84

151

499

723

22,558
22,817

17,584
17,418

90
90

September..
October.*...
November..
December..

$38.59

93

873

97

Dollars.

92

365

94

Millions
of
dollars.

$1,466

972

1,510

94

Thousands of dollars.

2,713

96

97

Per
capita.

84

970

90

94

Total.

82

968

98

94

CusTotal
Ordinary
toms
ordinary disbursereceipts.* receipts. ments.^

$26,573
24,360
17,482
17,766
18,830

$966

98

1921.
January...
February..
March
April

MONET
IN
CIRCULATION.'

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

94
94

U. S. GOVERNMENT
FINANCES.

92

23,139
22,710

$60,343

$56,898

61,223

58,355

58,159

60,950

64,972

60,374

93,181

95,658

$4,018

51.70
52.26
52.13

5,206

48.41

5,051

46.91

368,451
469,614
321,819
291,158

5,020

46.57

689,328
237,848
195,483
740,293

266,524
304,158
324,483
329,766

27,251
33,652
40,288
33,804

191,001
175,651
550,758
197,920

231,247
182,206
325,955
242,561

35,578
38,862
37,492
39,012

206,376
472,936
204,977
216,778

237,961
314,770
218,697
218,026

53,135
40,136

454,809
301,239

304,132
411,110

5,012

46.43

4,866

45.02

4,737

43.77

4,672

43.11

4,663

42.98

4,607

42.41

4,553

41.85

4,707

43.22

4,412

40.46

4,433

40.60

4,449

40.69

4,418

40.36

4,376

39.87

4,337

39,47

4,394

39.93

4,521

41.04

i From U. S. Treasury Department, except money in circulation, prior to July 1,1922, from the Federal Reserve Board.
* Represents money held outside of the U. S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve system; figures for years 1917 to 1920 are as of Dec. 31.
» Figures for the years 1913 to 1920 are as of June 30.
< Includes Liberty and Victory Loans and War Savings Securities; figures for the years 1913 to 1919 are as of June 30.
* Monthly averages for fiscal years ending June 30,1913 to 1920.




51.06

149
LIFE INSURANCE—NEW BUSINESS.
Table 103.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
INDUSTRIAL
INSURANCE
(6 companies).

ORDINARY
INSURANCE
(40 companies).

YEAR AND MONTH.

GROUP
TOTAL
INSUR- INSURANCE
ANCE
(40 c o m (11 companies).
panies).

NumNumber of Value. ber of Value.
policies.
policies.

Value.

Number of Value.
policies.

I

ORDINARY
INSURANCE
(40 companies).

Thous
sands of
policies.

Thousands of
dollars.

INDUSTRIAL
INSURANCE
(6 companies).

ThouThousands of sands of
policies. dollars.

GROUP
INSURANCE
(11 companies).

TOTAL
INSURANCE
(40 companies).

ThouNum- i Thouber of sands of sands of
policies, dollars. policies.

Thousands of
dollars.

Relative to 1913.
A.—INDEX

1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly av..
monthly av..
montlily av..
monthly av..
mont hlyav..

100

100

1OO

1OO

100

97

10S

106

107

104

113

112

122

127

109

113

142

150

109

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

NUMBERS.

119

1OO
182
221
350
755

100
107
112
111
114

•1,204
1,992
1,895
508

119
141
153
156

1OO
101
107
125
146

1918 monthly av..
1919 monthly av..
1920 monthly av..

145

157

114

127

232

273

122

150

205

332

132

179

1921 m o n t h l y a v . .

212

274

145

202

193

253
267
311
311

128
127
163
133

ISO
177
228
184

413
368
663
464

139
234
141 | 243
177 j 291
152
277

172
145
113
117

241
202
158 !

191

300
292
267
250

555
3S3
283
357

181
158
128
129

j 191
I 200
192
224

231
250
244
317

133
177
153
174

186
249
210
244

319
297
232
1,757 |

1922.
January
February
March
April

172
193
226
218

232
274
318
310

142
150
180
151

200
214
256
237

May....
June
July....
August..

22S
222
215
201

326
319
308
292

164
152
143
135

September.
October
November.
December..

191

257

126

1921.
January
February
March
April

212
246
246

May....
June
July....
August.
September
October
November
December

227
224
205

74 | $131,839
74
128,358
79
136,700
90
167,970
105
197,310

380

433

550

66,099
77,901
93,044
104,813

410
429
415
414

851,909
55,217
58,128
58,645
61,484

454

4

81,445

4

2,628

484

S

3,188
5,052
10,908

507

25

504
519

8185,193
186,203
198,015
231,667
269,702

51

17,401
28, 785
27,377
7,335

93,357
91,866
118,478
95,759

40
43
43
48

5,974
5,324
9,581
6,709

629
641
803

433,118
449,217
538,205
513,092

652
550
431
446

125,232
104,909
81,872
84,583

44
45
29
36

8,023

820
716
583
587

528,699
495,512
438,093
418,859

96,805
129,165
109,087
126,646

22
28
24
210

649
820
723

417,621

507
672
581
662

406,603
462,690
433,673
569,655

127
143
167
161

305,528
361,571
419,839
408,361

538
569
684
572

103,725
110,954
132,833
123,208

30
49
51
40

24,379

665
712
850
733

422,540
479,945
567,888
555,948

169
164
159
149

429,236
420,362
405,609
384,328

624
579
542
512

125,084
115,959
110,423
102,901

61
58
55
44

9,962
16,814
11,068
9,709

793
743
701
661

564,282
553,135
527,099
496,938

338,739

480

97,257

49

16,785

621

452,831

157

107

252

172

301

196

256

157

206,382
360,180
437,623
361,803

143
157
182
182

333,787
352,027
410,146
410,624

487
484
621
507

285
268
237
226

16S
166
152
141

395,445
385,075
352,134
329,124

143
181
159
182

220
250
234
308

141
148
142
166

305,191

920
513
1,053
1,687

146
157
187
161

228
259
307
300

241
223
213
198

689
1,164
766
672

175
164
154
146

305
299
285
268

187

1,162

137

245

329,232
321,236

465
500

134
149

5,529
4,088
5,153
4,607
4,293
3,350

540
638
696
707

25,388

13,287
7,420
15,215

289,882
466,866
558,043
473,951

I
i Compiled by the Association of Life Insurance Presidents. The data represent only new business that has been paid for, exclusive of revivals, increases, and dividend
additions. The 40 companies whose new business is included in this table had in force 77.1 per cent of the total legal reserve life insurance outstanding in the United
States as of Dec. 31, 1920.




150

SAVINGS DEPOSITS.
Table 104.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
BALANCE TO CREDIT OF DEPOSITORS—END OF MONTH.
Federal reserve districts.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Boston.

New
York.

Philadelphia.

land.

Richmond.

Chicago.

Relative

Relative to 1920.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..

to 1919.

average..
average..
average..
average..
average..

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

San
Francisco.

U.S.
postal
savings.

Relative to 1913.

100
103
105
111
115

103

1OO
108

1920.
May
June....
July
August..

99
100
100
100

101
100
100

September.
October
November.
December..

101
101
102
102

1921.
January
February
March
April

100

100
116

100
112

100
109

100
102

99
99
100
100

100
99
101

100
100
101
101

99
101
100
101

114
117
116
117

101
102
102
107

100
101
102
105

103
103
104
109

101
102
102
102

102
103
104
106

118
119
120
123

103
102
103
103

106
107
107
107

107
108
107
107

116
116
115
113

106
106
107
108

105
105
103
103

123
123
123
123

May
June
July
August..

103
103
103
102

107
109
108
108

107
106
106
106

113
114
111
110

108
108
109
109

102
103
101
100

123
125
123
122

September.
October....
November.
December..

102
103
102
103

108
108
108
111

105
105
105
108

110
110
109
110

109
111
111
111

100
100
101
102

122
123
123
126

1922.
January
February
March
April

104
104
105
105

111
111
111
111

109
109
110
110

109
109
108
109

113
113
115
117

100
101
101
100

126
128
128
128

May....
June
July....
August.

105
106
106
107

111
113
113
113

109
109
109
108

109
111
109
110

119
123
119
119

101
103
102
102

129
132
132
133

September.
October....
November.
December..

107

114

108

111

122

103

135




New
York
State
savings
banks.'

1OO
106

See footnotes on opposite page.

123

100
149
187
282
360

117
129
143
153

422
406
411

139

396
397
402

147

405
410
408
411

149

412
411
406

154

152

156

»158

161

391
383
384
383
380
376
372
369

364
365
364
360
354
349
345
344
341

151

SAVINGS DEPOSITS.
Table 105.—NUMEKICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year is bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page. ]
BALANCE TO CREDIT OF DEPOSITORS—END OF MONTH.

Federal Reserve Districts.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Boston.

Philadel, New York.
phia.

Cleveland.

*<<*-.

New
York
State
savings1

CNeago.

banks.

U.S.

postal
savings.

Thousands of dollars.

1913 monthly a v e r a g e . . . |

$1,724,607

1914 monthly a v e r a g e . . . \

1,772,357

1915 monthly average.

1,805,366

74,349 |

1916 monthly a v e r a g e . . .

1,918,453

112,159 I

1917 monthly a v e r a g e . . . j

1,989,013

143,193 j

2,016,866

167,653 !

2,223,216

161,373 |

673,382

2,465,491

163,434

715,883

2,635,572

154,508 j

2,398,329

157,276

1918 monthly a v e r a g e . . . j
1919 monthly a v e r a g e . . . |

$580,743

1920 monthly a v e r a g e . . . ! $ 1 , 0 3 6 , 4 2 0
1921 monthly a v e r a g e . . .

1920.
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
1921.
January
February
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.

1,064,315

i
!
!
;
i
!
|
j
!
I
|
j
j
i
'

1922.
January
February
March
April

1,044,744
1,050,981
1,052,661
1,059,000

1,065,210
1,055,824
1,065,907
1,068,590
1,065,954
1,067,743
1,066,782
1,061,725

1,501,413
1,542,109
1,535,307
1,537,595

385,231
386,346
388,182
388,681

338,429
344,141
342,188
349,819

225,798
225,336
226,842
227,806

1,553,413
1,560,069
1,569,705
1,634,502

391,439
394,235
397,192
410,551

353,931
357,003
360,732
377,093

228,146
229,055
229,536
229,430

416,540
418,981
418,389
416,813

400,243
399,924
397,790
390,251

238,639

415,886
414,349
413,893
412,108

388,850
392,492
384,153
381,385

244,367

783,570

714,574

243,289

786,791

726,318

244,670

775,265

714,928

152,500

245,075

768,092

711,145

152,400

409,904
409,579
409,463
421,274

379,358
378,789
377,166
378,702

245,192

765,278
766,480
770,989
779,265

709,498

425,438
426,470
427,104
426,745

375,639
374,773
374,372
376,115
377,299
381,994
377,989
380,941
383,995

|

1,633,408
1,639,233
1,638,088
1,638,673
1,672,087
1,659,333
1,654,316
1,657,028
1,653,338
1,656,392
1,704,986

239,084
241,773
243,956

250,397
249,300
250,878

757,545

661,774

772,269
766,033
771,072

681,349

158,136

673,533

157,618

677,118

159,675

778,872

683,574

161,150

788,918

690,619

162,810

796,838

696,801

808,794

713,168

803,119
799,376
790,987
784,729

711,973

163,656

715,769

163,356

716,871

162,352
2,532,653

2,574,697

712,190

161,249
158,097
155,395

2,648,432

2,623,039

711,457

152,390

151,150
149,400
148,000

712,653
733,220

163,434

2,696,120

146,500

!
1,078,232
1,081,935
1,085,788
1,092,416

May

1,698,444
1,698,535
1,704,841
1,700,636

1,091,620

1,701,562

1,097,919

1,738,814

July

1,102,250

1,728,753

August

1,104,435

1, 728,310

423,582
424,063
423,963
422,128

September.
October
November.
December..

1,108,924

1,744,493

420,090

June

j

59,145 |

1,631,063

1,029,936
1,036,586
1,038,329
1,040,736

.1,061,285
1,062,542
1,061,106
1,069,106

September .
October
November.
December..

$1,532,056 $389,559 $345,252 $225,478 § 7 6 4 , 5 0 5
1,653,162
414,765
387,425
781,162
244,718

$39,750

'•

254,299
255,034
259,576
262,969
268,659
276,648
269,238
269,220
274,199

767,745
770,809
769,966
767,928
770,643
784,348
776,081
778,906
785,767

734,089

144,700

741,565

145,000

744,599

3 2,716,533

144,500
143,000

742,928
747,296

140,750

768,704

138,760

766,807

2,791,691

137,175

772,150

136,725

782,673

135,625

i Savings deposits in each Federal Reserve district (including both commercial and savings banks) compiled by Federal Reserve Bank of that district from reports of
identical banks, as follows: Boston, 64 banks, New York, 30, Philadelphia, 75, Cleveland, 18, Richmond, 93, Chicago, 219, San Francisco, 75. Deposits in savings banksof
New York State furnished by Savings Banks Association of the State of New York: Postal savings from U. S. Post Office Department.
»Yearly figures from 1914 to 1920, inclusive, are averages of deposits on June 30 and December 31 of each year; 1913 figures are for December 31; 1921 is average of quarterly
figures.
* Approximate figure calculated from deposits and withdrawals.




152

BANKING.
Table 106.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non- Government Sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

DEBITS TO
INDIVIDUAL
ACCOUNTS.*

YEAR AXD MONTH.

BANK
CLEARINGS.

CONDITION OF FEDERAL
BANKS.3

CONDITION OF
REPORTING
MEMBER BANKS.*

RESERVE

INTEREST
RATES.

Commercial
Notes
Total Total Net de- New doubleReIn New Outside In New Outside BUls in cir- Total Total Total
loans
disNew
New
redeYork York count- cula- investserve6 and dis- invest- mand York name ;
York York
decall
City. City.s
City.
I
tion. ments. serves. posits. ratio. counts. ments. posits. loans. paper, 1
ed.
City.
60-90
days.
Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1919.

R e l a t i v e t o 1921.

R e l a t i v e t o 1919.

Relative Relative to 1913.
to 1919.

average
averapp
average
average
average .

1 1OO

1OO

100

88

97

108

78

116

104

60

60

169

137

1

24

27

166

80

59

187

164

12

23

39

58

60

151

107

82

| 1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
! 1921 monthly average..

189

182

60

79

91

90

114

166

101

1OO

1913 monthly
1914 monthlv
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

1920.
September
October
November
December

100
99
So

3

1

18

188

100

249

216

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

114

257

248

132

120

114

97

205

191

91

V2

57

122

90

m

246

03

189

22G

13S

106

241

138 '

103

253

137

217

100

100

205

106

99

91

88
100

r,7

1OO

73
100

136

94 ;
113

I
87

112

236

247

140

125

102

98

97

87

99

116

262

258

145

128

101

99

95

S6

100
108

112
109

246

234

141

127

96

100

90

8S

266

235

140

128

92

103

93

90

98

104

236

212

127

118

76

106

93

98

108

99

101

210

135

74

84

184

171

124

117

77

108

93

99

107

99

99

228

134

85

95

212

202

118

112

69

111

95

101

106

101

96

216

132 i

80

90

197

189

107

108

63

114

89

110

103

100

96

203

131 |

May
June
July
August

85

88

201

181

97

104

66

117

88

115

101

99

96

214

120 I

September
October
November
December

1921.
January..
February
March
April

1922.
January..
February
March..
April
May . . . .
June
July
August
September
October




'•

i

87

89

214

187

92

101

49

120

87

121

100

102

95

196

117

80

85

195

180

85

97

45

123

88

126

98

96

95

179

111

75

85

185

181

77

95

43

127

87

133

96

97

94

179

103

79

88

199

187

72

94

44

131

89

137

97

101

102 !

95

203

68

92

43

134

90

141

96

98

165

97

86

85

213

200
192

93
96

162

87

61

90

47

137

90

145

95

102

97

159

90 !

101

100

234

203

61

93

60

137

91

142

94

106

96

160

89

94

95

219

190

44

83

56

140

92

154

92

107

97

143

85

81

84

195

166

37

83

74

141

91

156

91

110

97

155

84

100

99

237

200

33

83

92

142

93

155

91

110

97

137

83

102

94

238

191

26

82

110

143

95

156

91

115

101

137

79
74

!

106

92

244

205

24

82

122

143

97

155

91

123

104

125

108

98

255

210

24

81

120

144

100

154

90

131

105

130

70 '

97

93

233

201

20

81

118

145

97

158

90

132

104

122

65

90

90

215

202

21

82

117

146

97

158

90

135

103

126

68 !

94

94

219

209

22

86

117

146

95

156

92

133

105

141

72

249

240

157

76

I

See footnotes on opposite page.

153
BANKING.
Table 107.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
DEBITS TO
INDIVIDUAL
ACCOUNTS.2

I n New Outside
New
York
York
City.
City.

Y E A R AND MONTH.
I

BANK
CLEARINGS.

Total
Total
In New Outside I Bills i Notes Total
New
dis- ! incir- investdeYork
reYork
count- dila- m e n t s . serves. posits.
City.
City.- i
ed.
tion.

Millions of dollars.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

INTEREST
RATES.

ComTotal
New mercial
loans
Total
Net
York doubleand
invest- 'demand
name
call
dism e n t s . deposits. loans. paper,
counts.
60-90
days.

Reserve
ration

Millions of dollars.

Percent.

Percent.

87,886

17,258

15 914

4.52 j

6,381

S29 I

S89

94.6 !

1.91

3.44

8,366

24 |

185

S144

8384
586

83.5 i

2.53

3.42

14,784

20 067

3.45

13,298

20,087

3.18

5,916

9,184

S20,343 S17, 5 3 6

S6,120

6,918

mo. av.
mo. av.
mo. av.
mo av
mo. av

1918 mo. 8 V . .
1919 mo. av
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av

CONDITION OF
REPORTING MEMBER
BANKS.*

CONDITION O F F E D E R A L R E S E R V E B A N K S .

10,052

224 I

606

231

1.261

SI, 154

3.40

4.73

14,878
19,650
20,261
16,194

11,143 i

1,911

466

1,991

1,738

57.0

$9,260

5.27

5.86

2,61S

592

2,190

1,937

50.2

.! 1 0 , 5 7 6

5.42

13,220

!

1,158

1,936

i

5.78

|

2,557 j

3,154

676

2,123

1,922 '

1,755 |

2,CU

337

2,672

1,744

60.6 SI 1,927

15,093
15,794
14,344
14,410

2,704 !
2,801 j
2,735 |
2,719 !

3,280

606

2,152

1,882

3,351
3,326

595

2,168

1,846

569

2,195

1,751

3,345

544

2,249

1,799

2,456
2,396
2,287
2,064

3,091

452

2,320

1,808

3,052

458

2,357

1,809

2,931
2,830

1,870
1,772
,650
,492

10,178

6.02

6.55

7.19
7.65
8.06
6.90

7.97
8.00
7.94
7.88

I 10,643
j 30,495
I 10,186
i 10,138

7.25
6.88
6.45

7.81
7.75
7.63
7.58

3,317 | 10,153
3,447 | 10,046
3,229 j 10,002
3,2(

6.81
6.22
5.70
5.69

6.94
6.75
6.40
5.94

10,192
10,270
10,174

5.15
5.25
5.06
5.10

5.90
5.63
5.19
5.13

10,271
10,245
10,309
10,676

4.56
4.94
4.35
4.35

4.90
4.88
4.80
4.58

4,532

11,049
11,124
11,043
10,942

3.97
4.13
3.88
4.00

4.25
4.05
3.78
3.93

4,468

11,085 I

4.48
5.00

4.18
4.38

43.6
43.1
44.4
45.4

12,963
10,457
12,349
11,594

83,364 I

43.5

11,659 '

11,302

11,161
11,172
10,892
10,942

15,169 Ij

6.51
7.82

7.34

1920.

September..
October
November..
December..

17, 599

May
June
July
August
September
October
November...
December...
1922.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August

18,602

20,367

20,661

19,569

19,434

21, 888

1921.
January
February...
March
April

19,596

20, 136
20, 308

19,136

20,981

20,033
15,130
17,353
16,349
;
\
i
j

j

I

!
j
I

September
October
November
December

17,297
17,628
16,340
15,186

18,264 j!

18,573

14,785 | !

14,529

16,719 i!

16.6S2

15,766 |!

15,536

15,348 I

15,847
16,849
15,355
14,556

406
2,422 |
371 , 2,5»35
1,726

j
I
'
i
;

2,735
2,634
2,538
2,481

393
289
269
256

57.6
60.8
63.4
66.8

| 12,028
! 11,884
| 11,660
! 11,491

2,457
2,409
2,366
2,443

263 j 2,879
1,717
253 j 2,937
1,739
278 ' 2,990 I 1,743
2,992
1,765
356

69.0 |i

11,573

3,384

70.8 ji

11,422

3,307

72.7 II

11,335

3,430

71.1

11,220

3,560

77.2
78.1
77.8
78.3

10,919 :

3,615

10,851

3,692

!
!
I
\

16,102
17,610
17,492
20,575

15,517
15,079
16,684 ; 16,027
14,900 ! 16,822
17,554
18,476

11,059
11,474
11,034 I
11,083 j
!
11,466
12,254
11,767
12,405

19,065
16,543
20,397
20,717

16,642
14,730
17,367
16,481

17,296
15,340
18,720
18,759

11,625
10,179
12,225
11,671

850
721
636
500

2,184
2,174
2,182
2,158

333
438
544
650

3,059
3,081
3,103
3,125

21,654
22,063
19,713
18,287

17,148 \ 19,215
17,168 ! 20,111
16,315 i 18,337
16,938
15,817
I
17,285
16,522
19,668

12,540
12,832
12,288
12,342

471
469
380
404

2,141
2,124
2,127
2,153

722
711
697
691

3,130
3,148
3,181
3,196

12,817
14,691

420

2,243

19,215

15,619
14,984 :
14,833 '

,403
,309 '
, 182 !
,180 j

2,558 '

1,706

2,625 '

1,686

2,685 |

1,695

2,788 \

1,691

3,203

1,779
1,772
1,805

12,908
12,761
12,591
12,248

3,346
3,338
3,392
3,355

49.0
49.9
50.8
55.0

10,842

3,702

10,846

3,865

10,906
10,783
10,739
10,761

4,122

1,882

78.0
77.5
79.2
79.2

1,840

78.4

10,928

1,833
1,870
1,939
1,888

4,405
4,450

I
1

Figures for Debits to individual accounts, condition of Federal Reserve Banks, and condition of reporting member banks are from the Federal Reserve Board; Bank
clearings from Bradstreets; Interest rates in New York market from the Commercial and Financial Chronicle.
* Debits of banks in about 150 of the larger clearing-house centers, covering weekly totals, the first and last weeks of the month being prorated.
»Condition as of last Wednesday of the month. Prior to April, 1921, figures are of last Friday of month.
* Includes reports from more than 800 banks in the leading cities in the United States on condition as of last Wednesday of month. Prior to April, 1921, figures are as
of last Friday of month.
6 Includes 130 cities.
* Prior to March, 1921, net deposits were used in calculating reserve ratios.




154

STOCKS AND BONDS.
Table 108.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

STOCK
PRICES.*

YEAR AND MONTH.

NEW MUNICIBOND
PAL BOND
YIELDS.4
ISSUES.*

BOND PRICE INDEX.3

Com10
10
10
10
bined
Muni25
25
cipal
indus- rail- highest second- public Indus- index
utility trial
bonds.
trials. roads. grade grade bonds. bonds. (40
rails. rails.
bonds).

Perma- Temponent
rary
MiscelStocks laneous Liberty, Total
loans
loans
Victory
(short (shares). bonds. bondfe. bonds.
(long
term). term).
Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1915.

Relative to 1913.

NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE
SALES.

100

1OO
109
121
122
109

Relative to 1919.

100
59
32
61
81

1OO

58

58

80

18

209

112

26

280

132

31

222

87

28

173

67

49

53

93

377

100

1OO

100

137

270

124

158

207

162

73

94

206
184
190
240

138
190
130
134

221
197
320
344

156
177
158
199

72
85
87
171

91
106
103
178

114
113
114
115

224
219
189
281

150
102
261
310

231
147
230
221

157
100
122
129

77
63
57
57

95
71
72
74

77
75
77
78

115
116
118
118

226
373
320
355

173
112
107
102

254
262
134
159

159
129
154
141

54
92
60
54

78
101
82
74

77
73
79
77

79
78
81
84

117
115
112
101

312
371
381
921

183
148
115
127

185
186
221
255

168
166
257
265

87
92
91
93

106
109
129
132

84
88
90

102
102
102
104

91
92
94
96

226
256
366
432

33
120
162
12

222
234
328
440

263
333
371

97
52
76
77

136
100
136
145

95
97

93
92
93
95

106
105
106
107

97
97
98
100

93
94
94

364
497
349
242

37
48
61
48

418
347
219
258

322
277
265
312

61
53
48
38

122
105
98
101

99

97

108

101

93
92

347

108

314

285

38

95

1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

100
100
129
170
147

100
93
88
96
83

100

100

100

100

100

103
97

103
96

105
98

108
101

105
98

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.

139
182
184
136

74
75
67
64

87
79

77
81

87
84
70
73

98
100
85
78

91
90
78
78

103
101
112
114

64
189
189
348

September
October
November
December

181
177
154
144

71
74
70
64

79

79
83
80
77

68
74
72
68

85
83
79

77
81
79
75

118
116
114
112

1921.
January
February
March
April

148
148
144
146

65
65
63
62

82
81
81

81
79
78
78

70
71
71
72

83
84
80
80

79
78
77
77

May....
June
July....
August.

147
125
125
121

65
62
64
64

80
78
81
82

79
77
79
81

72
70
72
73

80
77
70
76

September.
October
November.
December..

127
130
136
140

65
64
65
66

83

83
83
87

75
75
77
80

1922.
January
February
March
April

143
149
153
163

65
68
70
74

93
92
93
94

May....
June
July
August.

166
166
170
178

76
74
77
82

94
95

September..
October
November..
December..

184

95
91

13

105

1920.




81
84

91

91
91
93
96

See footnotes on opposite page.

155
STOCKS AND BONDS.
Table 109.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

STOCK
PRICES.*

YEAR AND MONTH.

25
25
indus- railtrials. roads.

Dollars per
share.

1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly average.
monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly average..
monthly average..,
monthly average...
monthly average...

BOND
YIELDS.4

BOND PRICE INDEX.3

77.57
73.155
80.05
69.12

80.98
105.77
107.21
79.38

NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE
SALES.

ComPerma- Tempo10
10
10
10
bined Munent
rary
Miscella- Liberty
and
highest second public indus- index niciloans
loans Stocks. neous
pal
grade grade utility trial
(40
(long
(short
bonds. Victory
bonds. term). term).
bonds.
rails. rails. bonds. bonds. bonds).
Per
cent.

Percent of par value of 4% bond.

Thousands of
dollars.

Thousands of
shares.

4.45 $34,049 $40,268

$58.19 $82.9?
58.08
75.35
99.14
85.44

NEW MUNICIPAL BOND
ISSUES.^

6,924

37,159
41,049
41,450
37,078

23,838
12,894
24,367
32,704

3,992
14,448
19,404
15,378

89.79

75.55

76.76

78.00
72.42

73.82
77.59
72.36

70.51

92.45
87.43

75.89
71.35

80.49
75.58

4.16
4.23
4.06
4.26

61.34
62.06
55.94
53.21

80.02
7^.89
71.33
74.39

66.12
66.33
58.54
61.43

63.89
61.77
51.99
53.92

69.36
70.76
60.12
55.28

69.84
69.07
59.70
60.15

4.60
4.49
5.00
5.08

21,902
64,183
64.472
118,385

39,428
37,508
55,341
63,503

11,948
26,073
18,728
14,334

105.06
102.94
89.89
83.83

58.50
61.48
57.89
53.02

72.77
75.03
73.86
71.35

59.66
62.75
60.68
57.82

50.18
54.30
52.83
49.88

58.03
59.66
58.61
55.73

59.12
62.07
60.64
57.72

5.27
5.18
5.06
4.97

70,713
62,592
64,613
81,557

55,763
76,592
52,318
53,997

January
February
March
April

86.03
86.13
83.83
84.73

53.87
53.84
52.03
51.59

74.92
73.81
73.14
72.52

60.89
59.91
59.13
59.13

51.41
52.09
52.19
52.85

58.81
58.98
56.13
56.42

60.41
60.25
59.21
59.39

5.06
5.05
5.07
5.11

76,181
74,450
64,388
95,550

May
June
July
August..

85.53
72.71
72.95
70.22

53.59
51.18
53.28
52.98

72.25
70.31
72.56
73.66

59.84
58.17
60.06
61.08

52.88
51.67
53.04
53.87

56.16
54.06
53.66
53.69

59.46
57.75
59.59

5.12
5.18
5.26
5.24

September.
October....
November.
December..

74.10
75.43
79.14
81.73

54.10
53.51
54.19
54.40

74.72
74.52
78.59
81.62

62.75
62.83
65.80
67.59

55.10
55.63
57.18
59.12

54.41
51.16
55.69
54.22

60.74
59.83
62.13
64.10

1922.
January
February
March
April

82.99
86.47
80.20
94.59

54.21
56.57
57.98
61.62

83.23
82.95
83.33
84.60

68.46
68.47
70.06
72.20

61.07
62.34
64.65
66.58

71.63
72.07
71.80
73.59

May....
June
July
August..

96.84
96.69
99.06
103.68

62.92
61.49
63.72
67.64

84.80
85.29
88.09
89.01

72.83
71.89
73.18
75.05

68.65
67.92
68.47

September..
October
November..
December..

107.02

68.70

89.29

74.89

71.59

1920.
September
October
November
December

Total
bonds.

Thousands of dollars, par value.

$41,499
56,959
79,623
94,199
61,866

$40,842

$41,499
56,959
79,623
94,199
85,690

47,544

117,059

164,603

71,322 236,814 308,136
88,563
115,686

235,406
173,129

323,969
288, 816

15,317
13,614
22,157
23,829

111, 564
126,344
112,862
141,612

170,189
201,231
205,402
405,539

281,753
327,575
318,264
547,151

60,586
41,270
105,252
124,930

15,976
10,147
15,907
15,273

112,065
71,300
87,072
92,283

181,421
149,014
135,918
135,429

293,486
220,314
222,990
227, 712

76,961
126,931
109,040
121,027

70,007
45,482
42,930
41,249

17,601
18,174
9,295
10,992

113,177
92,132
109,535
100,246

128,023
217,741
143,182
127,718

241,200
309,873
252.717
227,964

5.22
5.13
5.00
4.50

106,270
126,380
129,692
313,746

73,529
59,5*3
46,184
51,075

12,807
12,883
15,332
17,622

119,819
118,408
183,320
188,880

207,123
218,018
214,625
219,342

326,942
336.426
397,945
408,222

70.22
70.71
71.85
73.69

4.38
4.41
4.39
4.35

77,117
87,200
124,759
146,950

13,228
48,157
65,231
4,940

15,394
16,185
22,734
30,468

191,216
187,368
237,852
264,341

228,613
121,981
180,639
182,582

419,829
309,349
418,491
446,923

74.42
74.10
74.64
75.73

74.72
74.28
75.44
76.80

4.15
4.18
4.18
4.19

124,013
169,241
118,673
82,502

14,720
19,245
24,511
19,333

28,911
24,036
15,149
17,850

229,460
197,772
188,691
222,863

144,967
126,121
114,284
89,855

374.427
323,893
302,975
312.718

76.28

77.47

4.15
4.09

118, 049

43,650

21,775

203,184

88,909

292,093

1921.

1
Bond price index and sales from Dow, Jones & Co.; municipal bond yields and new issues from The Bond Buyer; and stock prices and sales from the Annalist.
* Prices are averages, as taken at the end of each week, of the closing prices for these stocks on New York Stock Exchange.
8
These indices are combined from the yields of the average prices of the bonds for each day of the month, the average yields for the 10 bonds of each class being capitalized at 4 per cent to give the index.
* Average market yield of bonds of 20 large cities at the first of each month.
6
Sales by states and municipalities of new bond issues.




156
BUSINESS EARNINGS.
Table 110.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
!|

BUSINESS
FAILURES.

CORPORATION FINANCES.
Dividend payments.3

YEAR AND MONTH.

Firms.

Liabilities.

Industrial and Steam
miscella- railTotal.* neous
roads.
companies.

Street
railways.

TELEPHONE
EARNINGS.

TELEGRAPH EARNINGS,

TeleTotal
Com- graph
dividend New
and
Total
Net
mercial cable OperatNew
and
operattele- operatcapital incorpo- ing reve- operating
2
interest issues. rations.
ing
income.
ing
paynues. income. graph
tolls.
revements.
nue.

Relative to 1913.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

mo. a v . .
mo. av..

100
114

mo. a v . .
mo. av..

138

mo. a v . .

86

106

1OO
131
111
72
67

1OO
98
95
111
129

1OO
95
94
117
147

122

140
125
130
118

Relative t o 1910.

1OO
87
87
133
93

1OO
70
96
161
217

100
104
111
125
142

82

160

100
613
725
385

154
188
231
276

125
138
146
204

160
253
168
221

106
247
129
173

552
685
520
500

250
253
243
251

155
155
148
162

124
122
110
113

119
121
111
112

91
63

283
131
64
162

244
112
188
238

188
218
101
285

722
380
554
573

262
253
271
277

173
181
213
232

108
98
112
103

104
94
107
101

42
37
93
75

109
105
123
132

1OO
101
105
120
134

94

129
122
124
121

153
179
192
200

109
173
83
134

61
95
125
51

67
180
113
64

164
108
113
127

159
108
123
149

101
113
115
93

1OO
99
95
106
105

1OO

100
100
112
129
127

78

76

105

mo. a v . .

62

mo. a v . .
m o . av..
mo. av..

40
123

60
42
108
230

1920.
September..,
October
November..,
December..

51
69
79
114

130
171
135
259

January
February...
March
April

142
123
100
111

229

May....
June
July....
August.

101
99
108
117

251
152

75
87
146
109

70
97
140
111

83
86
113
118

95
49
181
84

161
197
230
117

130
131
124
101

349
392
164
337

278
280
275
278

223
218
184
193

107
109
103
108

102
105
99
105

76
88
50
78

September..
October
November..
December..

110
128
149
183

163
234
235
385

80
131
89
91

155
79
126

60
93
107
50

64
175
106
63

160
241
167
218

150
75
187
232

284
292
214
359

275
289
287

219
220
220
172

110
110
99
104

107
108

112
86
80
111

1922.
January
February...
March
April

204
174
184
162

325
320
315
322

154
106
110
124

144
103
117
145

99
111
114
92

124
62
161

243
115
189
232

153
148
207
325

490
343
425
460

291
282
300
305

220
218
244
250

91
107
102

95
88
102
97

64
54
100
78

May....
June
July....
August.

147
130
131
128

195
168
176
177

73
84
141
106

67
78
134
108

82
83
111
117

93
43
167

164
194
232
120

292
240
166
162

545
173
368
375

305
307
304
309

243
246
217
231

113
115
108
120

108
109
103
113

123
128
83
119

September..
October
November..
December..

117

162

79
131

97
155

60
93

62
176

163
241

201

377

1918
1919
1920
1921

55

114
115
110

115

96
96

184
189

83

100
120
106

84

78

100
116

100
88
77

103

1921.




297
170

See footnotes on opposite page.

157

BUSINESS EARNINGS.
Table 111.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commerical and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

BUSINESS
FAILURES.

TELEGRAPH
EARNINGS.

TELEPHONE
EARNINGS.

CORPORATION FINANCES.
Dividend Payments.3

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total Liabilicommercial. ties.

Industrial and Steam
miscelTotal.* laneous railcompa- roads.
nies.

Street
railways.

Number of
firms.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

mo.
mo.
mo.
mo.
mo.

av..
av..
av..
av..
av..

1918 mo.
1919 mo.
1920 mo.
1921 mo.

av..
av..
av..
av..

Total
dividend
and
interest
payments.

New
capital
issues.

New
incorporations.2

TeleCom- graph
merand
cial
cable
tele- operatgraph ing revtolls.
enue.

Net
Total
operat- operating
ing revinenues. come.

Operating
in-

Thousands of dollars.

1,336 $22,723 869,838 338,527 $24,733 $4,906 $148,103 $137,145 $172,301 $13,132 $3,710
24,549
5,368
68,481
13,722
3,709
148,948
1,523
29,826
36,530
119,710
120,306
23,613
5,149
66,019
14,527
4,139
1,846
25,191
36,374
155,426
119,613
164,915
26,095
6,020
77,176
16,452
4,785
182,208
1,416
16,351
44,986
177,919
276,925
26,038
6,493
89,856
127,498
18,700
4,700 i
1,155
15,203
56,542
373,198
199,095

$5,898

81,711

$7,674

6,287

8,477

1,282 |

7,596

1,636 j

9,113
8,043

10,095
11,698
10,371

9,452
9,285
8,331
8,546

12,010
12,167
11,199
11,311

1,399 \
1,496
1,034
1,112

6,434 !
6,706
7,896
8,599

8,183
7,412
8,535
7,823

10,480
9,457 |

599
1,524
10,163 | 1,228

36,560
36,743
36,160
36,566

8,275
8,084
6,829
7,178

8,123
8,283 |
7,805 |
8,239 i

10,315
10,601
9,989
10,615

489,846
503,394
367,956
618,572

36,067
37,905
37,657
37,871

8,132
8,168
8,172
6,398

8,333
8,371
7,526

10,812 ! 1,835
10,913 | 1,409
1,311 !
9,857
10,486 j 1,815

359,800 i 209,662
169,815 | 202,749
280,600 ' 283,724
342,881
445,196

843,653
591,404
731,866
792,372

38,183
36,998
39,393
40,058

8,149
8,073
9,070
9,272

7,451
6,950
8,117
7,766

4,551
2,101
8,200
3,925

242,451
286,951
344, 210
178, 100

938, 195
297,557
634, 259
646,605

40,059 , 9,013
40,252 ! 9,137
39,889 j 8,055
40,572
8,585

3,025
8,630

242,075 | 276,320 ; 650,044
356,570 I

834
538
740
1,638

13,585
9,441
24,593
52,283

85,184
79,745
80,248
76,872

53,788

24,135

6,318

48,264 i
50,140 !
45,486 I

23,705
23,832 j
23,305 |

5,977
6,074
5,954

227,061
265,764
2S4,573
295,830

112,068
183,275
251,764 i 1,056,519
258,886 1,249,920
219,572 ! 663,282

20,225
24,635
30,320
36,265

September...
October
November...
December...

677
923
1,050
1,525

29,554
38,915
30,758
58,872

60,376
80,072
68,250
67,179

42,101
66,761
31,810
51,544

14,995
23,501
30,889
12,516

3,271
8,810
5,550
3,119

237,252
374,059
249,216
326,979

145,023
338,793
176,700
237,208

950,953
1,179,801
895,563
850,803

32,888 I 5,768
5,759 (
33,123
5,501
31,933
32,903
5,983 ;

1921.
January
February
March
April

1,895
1,641
1,336
1,487

52,137
60,852
67,409
38,568

114,350
75,720
78,956
88,486

61,450
41,450
47,301
57,501

24,900
27,850
28,505
22,950

13,900
6,420
3,150
7,925

361,070
165,220
277,846
351,981 |

257,423
298,708
138,701
390,668

1,243,460
654,376
954,700
987,895

34,394
33,206
35,650
36,398

May....
June
July....
August.

1,356
1,320
1,444
1,562

57,066
34,639
42,774
42,904

52,251
60,811
102,303
76,160

27,100
37,250
54,100
42,950

20,500
21,151
28,003
29,110

4,650
2,401 i
8,900
4,100 :

238,031
295.16S
340.166
173,802

I
!
|
I

177,638
179,114
170,474
138,929

601,044
675,978
281,759
580,141

September..
October....
November..
December..

1,466
1,713
1,988
2,444

37,021
53,959
53,470
87,502

56,201
91,445
62,301
63,797

38,150
59,850
30,600
48,401

14,901
23,000
26,500
12,300

3,150
8,595 !
5,201 !
3,096 !

235,500
356,779
247,877
322,497 i

205,792
103,149
255,938
318,335

1922.
January
,
February
March
April

2,723
2,331
2,463
2,167

73,796
72,608
71,608
73,059

107,700
73,715
76,501
86,651

55,300
39,715
45,150
55,900

24,500
27,390
28,301
22,850

14,200
6,100
3,050
7,901

May....
June
July....
August.

1,960
1,740
1,753
1,714

44,403
38,242
40,010
40,280

50,851
58,751
98,210
74,300

25,900
30,050
51,760
41,525

20,401
20,600
27,450
28,850

September..
October
November..
December..

1,566

36,908

55,175
91,370

37,400
59,790

14,750
22,950

4,649 ;
5,104 I
5,415 i
7,573 |

1,438 |
1,265 '

1920.

I

400,700
329,304
227,976
222,612

10,772 I

7,884

j
i
j
;

8,620 |
8,744 |
8,198
9,079

; 1,251
j 1,434 [
816
j
! 1,270

9,586
8,932 I

1,042

10,302 , 1,643
9,808 | 1,275
10,882
Id, 967 ,
10,363 !
11,381 j

2,008
2,101
1,364
1,944

i Except telephone earnings, which are combined reports of 10 largest telephone companies, and telegraph earnings, which are combined reports of the Western Union
and Postal Telegraph Companies, as reported to the Interstate Commerce Commission. Business failures are from Dun's Review; Dividend and interest payments, New
capital issues, and New incorporations from the New York Journal of Commerce.
* Represents the value of the authorized capital of new enterprises incorporated in the principal eastern states.
»Monthly data for the period 1913-1921 will be found in the October SURVEY (NO. 14), page 46.
«Includes bank dividends not separately shown for those months where such payments are reported. The total interest payments may be obtained by subtracting
total dividend payments from total interest and dividend payments, monthly data of which for the period 1913-1921 were published in the September SURVEY (NO. 13),
p. 51. It is to be noted that the total dividend and interest payments for July, 1918, should be stated as $333,011,000, instead of $633,011,000.




158

CORPORATION STOCKHOLDERS.
Table 112.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
U. S. STEEL
CORP.
(COMMON
STOCK).

PENNSYLVANIA
RAILROAD
CO.

YEAR AND MONTH.

AMERICAN i
TELEPHONE PENNSYLVANIA
AND TELE- RAILROAD CO.
GRAPH CO.

Stockholders.! Stockholders. Per- Stockholders.' Stockholders.
centageof
shares
DoDoDoFor- held mes- ForForDoby
mes- For- mes- eign.
eign. mestic.
eign.
eign.
broktic.
tic.
tic.
ers.
Relative to 1913.

Percentage
of
shares
held
by
brokers.

Domestic.

Foreign.

Number.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

107
101

11,258
11,839
11,816
6,884
2,235

41,436
47,777
2 42,020
39,365
44,531

1,529
1,697
2 1,980
939
1,191

51.48
46.73
45.87
55.08
51.88

53,205
56,932
62,279
67,504
78,597

1,041
1,175
1,270
1,187
999

97
96
85
8S

S4
79
59
44

ISO
217
247
308

110
119
122
193

102,798
111,316
126,424
138,450

1,773
1,727
1,500
1,743

64,314
73,510
88,085
104,621

1,484
1,475
1,300
1,341

43.22
40.65
30.35
22.45

96,035
115,482
131,643
163,753

1,143
1,239
1,267
2,013

19S
207
216
228

87
86
84
82

65
62
60
49

231
247
252
259

113
113
113
149

121,326
124,943
127,768
131,659

1,595
1,525
1,472
1,409

82,246
85,909
89,665
94,520

1,337
1,320
1,287
1,256

33.46
32.09
30.69
25.17

122,999
131,558
134,112
137,901

1,173
1,173
1,174
1,547

249
251
254
256

84
87
89
90

47
44
42
42

272
289
325
345

170
188
206
209

137,007
139,702
138,243
138,847

1,386 I
1,373 j
1,362
2,852

103,093
103,976
105,355
106,061

1,283
1,334
1,368
1,379

24.27
22.61
21.49
21.44

144,716
153,649
172,770
183,676

1,774
1,953
2,146
2,180

254

91
90
91

43
47
49

368
378
430

213
215
222

138,895
136,940
134,279

2,915
2,888
2,851

105,261
97,989
94,789

1,399
1,370
1,384

22.02
24.09
25.05

195,608
201,303
228,592

2,217
2,233
2,309

95
107

16
15
13
15

155
177
213
252

167
172
176
181

14
14
13
13

March
June
September..
December..

188
192
190
191

13
12
12
26

1922.
March
June
September
December

191
18S
185

26
26
25

141
153
174
190

Foreign.

72,714
78,682
81,603
85,343
93,331

100
115

1OO
105
105
61
20

average.
average.
average.
average..

Domestic.

100
113
122
114
96

100
91
S9

100
108
112
117
12S

Stockholders.

Stockholders.

100
107
117
127
148

100
111
M29
61
78

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

AMERICAN
TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH CO.

Number.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 quarterly
1914 quarterly
I 1915 quarterly
! 1916 quarterly
1917 quarterly
|
| 1918 quarterly
1919 quarterly
1920 quarterly
1921 quarterly

U. S. STEEL
CORP.
(COMMON
STOCK).

2

101

1920.

March
June
September..
December..
1921.

i

236
229

i These data showing the growth of stockholders in three prominent companies—a railroad, a public utility, and an industrial—have been furnished direct by the
respective companies and represent the number of holders of common stock on their books at the end of each quarter, i. e., Decemberfiguresare for Dec. 31 or Jan. 1.
a Dec. 31figures;other quarters of 1915 not available.




159
CREDIT CONDITIONS.
Table 113.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on.data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
PAYMENTS.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

United Pacific Moun- North, Middle South
2
States
tain Agricul- Agricul- Agriculaverage. Coast. Section.3 tural.* tural.5 tural.s

East.?

United Pacific Moun- North Middle South |
2
States
tain Agricul- Agricui- ; Agricul- I East.'
average. Coast. Sections tural.4 tural.f' i tural.e

Relative to 1916.
A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1916 mo. av
1917 mo. av
1918 mo av
1919 mo av
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av

Percentage of total recorded transactions.
B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

105

99

107

103

113

106

102

106

103

101

102

106

112

102

110

110

103

108

111

115

108

108

112

103

106

107

112

107

105

. .

93

96

99

98

98

55.0
57.5
58.4
60 7
59.4
53.3

56.6
56.2
58.4
62.5
63.3
59.2

58.2
62.2
58.9
59.9
60.1
54.2

55.4
57.1
56.7
60.0
58.8
53.4

57.2
56.9
53 3
52.8

63.1
61.3
59.4
56.9

55.6
55.6
56.4
53.7

58.2
59.8
46.4
51.9

52.5
| 55.2
'> 57.4
1 54.4

60.8
65.5
62.6
58.6

54.3
50.3
57.8
56.2

55.0
54.9
'< 55.9
54.3

57.8
57.6
60.6
61.2

51.8
49.2
49.3
50.3

58.0
65.8
61.6
64.5
62.3
57.5

49.5

57.2

52.6

5S. 6

55.5
56.8

58.5

55 2

61 1

48.4

56.0

61 6

97

1920.

September
October
November
December. ..

104

96

105

102

104

107

108

96

108

103

109

100

97

105

97

84

99

100

95

96

1921.
January
February
March . .
April

111

103

101

92

94

93

95

99

59.3

51.3

61.2

GO. 0

53.9

57.3

57.7

49.3

54.0

47.2

53.3
55.3
54.4
49.8

57.8

46.1

51.6
58.9
55.3
58.4

58.6
51.4
57.1
53.5

54.6
53.1
58.1
60.7

53.1
54.6
51.0
48.4

49.4
56.9
50.0
51.5

50.1
48.1
49.7
46.4

52.7
50.2
55.0
48.2

48.2
48.1
58.1
47.7

53.6
46.2
48.6
48.0

53.7
52.5
51.2
48.6

48.5
51.2
41.5
35. 1

49.4
51.9
42.8
39.1

42.9

48.0

95

107

93

96

100

93

91

100

116

86

100

101

103

100

104

111

99

98

104

107

109

99

104

97

90

105

101

101

100

102

89

106

101

99

100

100

102

101

93

102

102

100

102

107

95

103

104

101

105

99

108

100

97

99

97

102

94

96

91

89

94

96

98

89

94

94

103

93

92

87

90

103

88

90

95

89

91

91

107

83

93

92

92

92

91

93

83

97

91

92

92

87

89

83

83

87

85

94

90

97

100

88

91

90

93

84

85

82

87

88

83

85

90
88

95

91

92

89

93

83
88

89

June

94

85

89

92

July

84

90

71

77

86

81

90

August

82

86

60

71

78

84

93

49.6
48.5
46.0
45.2

September

83

76

82

80

74

87

92

45.8

May

June ..
July
August
September
October
November
December

...

. ...

1922.
January
February
March
April
May

44.1

W8

58.7

51.2

60.2

52.9

62.1

61.0

50.2

57.9

58.6

49.2

57.4

59.2

50.6

57.1

60.1

49.8

60.2

57.6

48.2

58.5

57.0

54.3

47.5

56.0

54.2

45.7

49.5

55.0

44.0

51.9

53.1

45.0

52.8

52.7

45.3

52.9

50.3
52.8

42' 2*

54.0

44.fi

53 1

50.9

41.2

48.5

53.0

45.6

50.7

49.5

44.?.

52 5

49.8

40. I

45. 4

41.6

51.5
53.2

42. 8

43.1

52. 8

October
November
I )ecember

!
i

Compiled by the Credit Clearing House from reports to it by manufacturers and wholesalers on items of credit facts from their ledgers concerning merchants or jobbers
. . . .
.
.
..
... .
.
.
.
.
s to the total number
to whom they sell. The numerical data .given above show the percentage which .the number of payment items reported .bears to the total number of transactions reported
The2commodities covered by these transactions are largely textile. The year 1916 is taken as a case, as payments were abnormally high in 1919.
>rmally hij'
3 California, Oregon, and Washington.
Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Idaho, and Wyoming.
*
6 Montana, North and South Dakota, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.
8 Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio.
7 Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas. Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, North aad South Carolina.
States east of and including Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Virginia.




160
CREDIT CONDITIONS.
Table 114.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in boll-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
ORDERS.

INDEBTEDNESS.

United Pacific Moun- North Middle South
States
Agricul- Agricul- Agrlcultain
2
average. Coast. Section.* tural.* tural.' tural.s

YEAR AND MONTH.

East.?

United Pacific Moun- North Middle South
States
tain
Agricul- Agricul- Agriculaverage. Coast. 2 Section.3 tural.<
tural.^ tural.6

East.?

Relative to 1916.
1OO
105
97
100
94
82

1OO
98
109
106
102
92

1OO
101
106
108
110
94

1OO

100

100

100

90

104
106
104
103
87

93
91
88
93
94

98
89
81
94
91

96
97
82

113
106
90

115
110

109
109
99
67

93
100
104
108

102
99

85

106
106
99
71

71
93
92
92

58
88
84
82

59
90

97
81
79
93

82
66

78
91
112
109

95
101
97

99
94
92
89

92

95
105
104

84
88
95
98

91
91
89
96

103
100
94
96

102
107
99
95

94
86
76
90

94
102
111
94

103
106
113

91
90
94
91

86

1916 mo. av.,
1917 mo. av.
1918 mo. av..
1919 mo. av.
1920 mo. av.
1921 mo. av.

100
101
102
103
101
89

1OO
100
94
94
94
78

1920.
September...
October
November...
December...

108
106
95
74

90
83
73

63
88
86
84

59
73
72
80

58
83
81

81
94
93
85

82
91
99

70
82
96
92

82
78

82
80
67

90
97
79

87

90
93
75

1921.
January
February
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..
1922.
January
February
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.

92
93
97
90




100
94
94
90
94
94

100
94
92
87
94
93

100
92
85
81
89
94

113
100
112
114

98
99
102

99
104
107

104
106
108

85
91
100
108

91
96
79
88

85
76
76
94

93
74
78
92

103
84
82
91

96
84
77
93

97
96
87
90

100
95
91
92

96
92
94

84

105
101
93
90

99
95
91
87

94
101
105
109

92
111
104
117

107
111
106
110

87
96
111
108

95
103
107
113

90
94
103
105

92
107
102
107

109
102

117
100
105
114

114
117
101
126

95
95
104

108
98
95
110

111
106
100
105

106
99
95
107

104

80

77
88

109

96
105
117
126

108
118
125

97
96
101
109

83
83
89
96

115
111
11C
110

118
102
119
109

121
109
110
125

97
114
114
116

121
110
106
110

110
107
106
105

115
114
112
111

107

106

97

113

114

108

103

112

121

123

121

117

106

108

I 101

I

100
93
90
91

85
92
105
115

87
96

September..
October
November..
December..

69 j
j

99
102

100
96
98
90
101

See footnotes on opposite page, except boundaries of districts, on page 159.

161
CREDIT CONDITIONS.
Table 115.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
INDEBTEDNESS.

ORDERS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

United Pacific Moun- North Middle South
2
tain
Agricul- Agricul- Agricul- East.?
States
average. Coast. Sections tural." tural.5 tural.e

United Pacific Moun- North Middle South
2
tain
States
Agricul- Agricul- Agricul- East.?
average. Coast. Section^ tural.* tural.
tural.*

Percentage of total recorded transactions.
1916 m o . av..

27.6

25.8

27.2

27.7

26.3

34.5

1921 m o . av..

27.5
28.7
29.3
29.8
25.6

27.4
27.5
28.2
27.4
24.9

27.4
28.0
27.4
27.2
22.9

33.6
30.6
27.6
32.1
31.0

33.0
33.7
30.9
34.7
33.9

35.7
35.4
34.1
35.4
35.7

40.6
38.1
37.4
35.5
38.1
37.9

39.3

25.4
28.0
27.3
26.3
23.8

38.8
36.1
35.0
35.5
34.7
35.6

37.8

32.2
29.7
30.5
28.8
25.0

38.8
36.2
35.2
34.1
36.2
36.6

34.2

28.0
28.2
28.3
28.0
24.6

33.2
33.1
31.3
31.3
31.2
25.8

30.6

1917 m o . av..

1920.
September...
October
November
December

29.7
29.2
26.3
20.3

32.6
30.0
27.5
25.1

29.3
29.6
25.0
21.0

29.2
27.3
23.2
19.8

31.2
29.9
26.6
23.2

29.5
29.5
27.5
19.7

28.6
28.7
26.1
17.7

36.2
38.7
40.2
41.9

34.9
33.8
32.9
35.6

39.0
34.5
38.5
39.2

34.7
38.1
38.5
39.4

36.1
37.6
39.2
40.5

37.9
42.1
42.9
43.9

33.6
35.7
39.4
42.6

January.....
February
March
April

17.5
24.4
23.8
23.3

19.5
24.3
23.8
26.4

17.7
25.4
24.7
20.8

20.8
24.2
23.9
22.0

19.3
25.2
24.9
25.1

16.0
24.3
23.3
22.6

15.6
23.8
23.0
22.6

37.8
31.6
30.6
35.9

27.9
22.7
27.3
27.2

31.3
33.1
27.4
30.5

32.8
29.4
29.4
36.5

35.2
28.1
29.4
34.7

41.9
34.3
33.2
36.9

37.9
33.1
30.1
36.5

May
June
July
August.

22.7

23.4
27.3
31.9
30.4

25.0
23.8
27.2
27.3

20.0
23.4
29.0
28.1

23.8
25.8
28.5
28.3

23.2
24.5
26.3
27.2

21.9
25.1
26.6
25.4

38.3
36.5
35.8
34.5

31.6
33.6
27.3
28.8

36.2
34.9
32.0
30.9

37.8
37.3
33.7
34.8

37.7

34.7

38.9
37.3
38.2
35.6

39.1
37.2
35.9
34.3

27.2

23.4
23.6
22.9
24.7

27.9
27.1
25.5
26.0

28.3
29.6
27.3
26.3

24.6
22.7
20.1
23.6

36.3
39.2
40.9
42.2

31.5
38.1
35.7
39.9

36.9
38.4
36.6
38.0

33.6
37.1
43.0
41.8

35.8
39.1
40.5
42.7

36.7
38.0
42.0
42.5

36.0
42.1
40.2
42.2

1918 m o . av..
1919 m o . av..
1920 m o . av..

36.2
33.5
31.7
34.9
37.1

1921.

25.0
27.4
27.2

36.0
34.5

27.0
27.1
24.6
25.5

27.6

27.4
29.7
24.1
26.8

January
February
March
April

25.4
25.6
26.9
24.8

29.3
31.0
32.0
28.9

26.9
27.4
28.6
22.9

24.2
26.2
28.6
24.3

27.9
28.9
30.6
26.8

25.3
24.8
26.0
25.3

23.1
22.7
23.4
22.5

42.3
39.7
38.1
41.9

40.0
34.1
36.0
38.9

39.2
40.5
35.0
43.3

38.4
36.8
36.7
40.3

41.0
37.2
36.0
41.5

45.1
43.0
40.4
42.6

41.5
38.9
37.2
41.9

24.1
26.4
27.9
30.0

28.3
30.6
34.7
38.2

23.5
27.0
27.3
30.2

24.8
27.0
30.2
32.5

22.2
29.5
32.1
33.9

26.9
26.7
28.1
30.3

21.8
21.9
23.4
25.3

44.8
43.1
42.7
42.8

40.2

37.4

41.8
37.5
38.0
43.2

37.8
44.1
44.4
45.0

45.7
41.6
40.0
41.7

44.7
43.5
43.2
42.8

45.2

June
July....
August.

29.5

35.1

29.6

29.2

31.0

30.0

27.2

43.6

41.5

42.3

46.8

44.4

43.2

43.9

September.
October
November..
December..

26.4
22.4

1922.

September..
October
November..
December..

35.0
40.6

44.8
44.2
43.5

1
Compiled by the Credit Clearing House from reports to it by manufacturers and wholesalers on items of credit facts from their ledgers concerning merenants or jobbers
to whom they sell. The numerical data given above show the percentage which the number of items reported relating to orders or to creation of indebtedness bears to the
total number of transactions reported. As one transaction may cover both an order and an indebtedness or a payment, the sum of the percentages of orders, indebtedness,
and payments will usually exceed 100 per cent. The commodities covered are largely textiles, and the individual orders are stated to average from $250 to $600, depending
on trade conditions. The year 1916 is taken as a base, as it is believed to be more nearly normal than 1919, in which orders and payments were unusually large and
indebtedness unusually small.
For boundaries of districts see page 159.
15566°—22
11




162
FOREIGN EXCHANGE.
Table 116.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
EUROPE.
YEAR AND MONTH,

England.

France. Italy.

Belgium.

ASIA.

G e r - Netherm a n y . lands.

Sweden.

THE AMERICAS

Canada.

Switzerland. Japan. India.*

Argen- Brazil.
tina.

INDEX
NUMBERS

Chile.

Relative to par
100

100

98
100
103

72
73
77

104
103
94
76

78
82
69
40

56
54

89

88
84
80

86

82

47

86
80
72
73

59
57
53
54

88
88
88
89

82
83
81
77

47
48
47
43

73
74
76
66

60
62
62
63

97
96

54
50

74
72

42
36

61
56

66
63

86

96

47

68

32

53

62

87

97

50

90
89
88
90

69

36

52

60

81
85
87

89
94
97

97
96
96

54
56
55

90
91
92

72
76
76

38
39
39

60
61
61

91

91

101

96

56

93

78

39

55
60
56
55

93
97

101
101

95
95

57
58

95
96

80
86

39
41

52
53

65
69

98

101

95

57

97

86

42

58

70

97

101

95

57

98

84

42

58

72

96

96

100

95

59

99

85

42

61

72

96

96

98

96

59

99

85

42

65

71

1

96

97

99

96

59

99

85

42

66

70

39

14

97

98

99

96

60

100

85

41

70

69

37

13

97

99

97

96

59

100

84

39

70

68

100

101

98
98
98

94
88
90

87
80
71

97
99
109

99
102
103

98
91
75
79

92
71
36
39

69
59
26
22

66
38
38

13
7
5

97
86
84

95
76
84

119
98
88
90

107
103
101
97

83
80
54

96
89
81

35
34

22
20

37
36

78
77

75
74

69
63

90
91

19

33

75

71

84
82
80

103
103

31

102

61

31

18

32

7
6
6
6

77

73

80

101

55

33
37
36
38

24

35
39
38
39

7
7
7
7

82
85
86
86

80
83
85
88

81
85
89
90

98
98
97
97

43
42

27
26

43
42

7
6

88
83

88
84

93
88

40

23

40

5

79

79

40

22

39

5

77

79

77
79
82
86

38
38
37

22
21
21

37
37
36

79
83
87

40

23

39

4
3
2
2

87
90
90
91

42
45

23
25

40
43

2
2

47

26

44

2

94

48

28

44

1

94

91
91
91
92

47

27

44

1

46

26

42

1

43

24

40

41

23

91

40

22

<100

98

82
78
75
75

1921 average

100

101

77
80
80
81

. ....

1OO

103

72
71
71
72

1918 average
1919 average

1OO

106

o SS

100

CO

100

100

1914 average
1915 average
1916 average
...
1917average . . . . . . . . .

100

100

100

100

100

115
94
62

8S
65
62

1920.

December

i
'

51

,

63
61
58
57

1921.

March
April
May
July
August
September
October

. . . ....

:

|

64

February
March
April
May
July
August . .

.

.....

September

CO

1922.

November
December.




j

.;

See footnotes on opposite page.

|

163
FOREIGN EXCHANGE.
Table 117.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

England.

France.

Italy.

Bel-

glum.

Germany.

THE AMERICAS.

ASIA.

EUROPE.

Nether- Sweden. Switzer- Japan.
lands.
land.

India.'

Canada.

Argentina.

Brazil.

Chile.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per
pound
mark.
guilder.
lire
krone.
franc.
rupee.
franc.
yen.
sterling. franc.

$4.87

Par value
1914 average..
1915 average..
1916 average..
1917 average..

$0,193

$0,193

$0,238

$0,402

$0,268

$0,193

$0,499

$0,487

$1,000

$0,965

$0,324

$0,195 «

.195

.194

.182

.169

.187

.495

.941

.234

.170

.155

.191

.507

.964

.236

4.76

.174

.137

.211

.513

.997

.249

4.76

.178

.134

.229

.533

.999

.253

4.43

.137

.114

.128

.030

.391

.255

.190

.512

.403

.990

.267

.226

3.66

.070

.050

.074

.018

.344

.205

.169

.504

.389

.907

.225

.184

3.85

.075

.043

.074

.011

.337

.226

.174

.483

.263

.812

.731

.131

.120

5.14

.199

4.78
4.76

1918 average..
1919 average..
1920 average..
1921 average..
1920.

$0,193

Rate per Rate per
paper
milreis.

•ae "g"

.491

.956

|

September

j

3.51

.067

.043

.072

.017

.313

.202

.163

.514

.336

.904

.846

.183

.168

October

!

3.47

.065

.039

.069

.015

.309

.197

.159

.513

.306

.909

.814

.175

.156

November

j

3.44

.060

.036

.064

.013

.302

.191

.155

.508

.297

.769

.166

.140

December

!

3.49

.059

.035

.062

.014

.310

.196

.154

.503

.269

.787

.153

.142

.064

.035

.068

.016

.329

.214

.157

.487

.876

.794

.151

.143

.072

.036

.075

.016

.342

.223

.164

.487

.277

.881

.804

.156

.144

.070

.038

.074

.016

.344

.228

.171

.486

.260

.878

.782

.151

.148

.072

.046

.074

.016

.348

.236

.174

.485

.263

.739

.140

.130

.053

.084

.016

.356

.235

.179

.485

.265

.718

.137

.119

.080

.014

.333

.226

.170

.480

.245

.699

.116

.109

.658

i
1921.

|

January

j

3.74

February

|

3.88

March
April

3.91
i

3.93

May

3.98

.084

June

3.78

.081

.050

July

3.63

.078

.045

.076

.013

.318

.210

.165

.480

.231

August

3.65

.078

.043

.075

.012

.310

.211

.168

.484

.242

.104

.104

.118

.102

3.72

.073

.042

.072

.010

.317

.218

.172

.482

.264

.696

.124

.107

October

:

3.87

.073

.040

.071

.007

.335

.229

.182

.477

.274

.914

.731

.127

.117

November

j

3.97

.072

.041

.069

.004

.350

.232

.188

.479

.269

.915

.735

.126

.110

4.16

.078

.044

.075

.005

.363

.245

.194

.479

.274

.928

.748

.127

.108

, 4.22
'. 4.36

.082

.044

.078

.005

.367

.249

.194

.476

.278

.948

.772

.126

.101

.087

.049

.083

.005

.376

.261

.195

.474

.281

.963

.132

.104

March

4.38

.090

.051

.084

.004

.378

.267

.194

.473

.278

.969

.137

.114

April

4.41

.092

.054

.085

.003

.379

.260

.194

.474

.278

.978

May
June
July....
August..

4.45

.091

.053

.084

.003

.387

.258

.192

.474

.288

September

December
1922.

January
February

September

.807

.136

.113

.824

.137

.119

4.45

.050

.082

.003

.387

.258

.190

.478

.819

.137

.126

4.45

.046

.078

.002

.388

.259

.191

.478

.818

.136

.130

4.46

.046

.075

.001

.388

.263

.190

.477

.997

.821

.134

.137

4.43

.043

.072

1.000

.811

.125

.137

.388

.481

.290

October
November
December
1 Daily averages of noon rates for cable transfers reported to the Treasury daily by the New York Federal Reserve Bank. Average figures for the years 1914 to 1918,
inclusive, where given, are weekly averages of commercial quotations from the Annalist.
2 Parity established October, 1920. Prior to that, par value of the rupee was 32.44 cents.
3 The foreign exchange index number recently computed by the Federal Reserve Board is based upon the average rates of exchange for 17 countries, Germany excluded,
and is here substituted for the weighted geometric average previously publ shed. The index represents the "aggregative" average of cable transfer rates on these countries and is based on the total volume of imports and exports of merchandise, gold, and silver from and to each country for the preceding twelve months. The countries
used in computing the index are Belgium, Denmark, England, France, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden. Switzerland, Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China,
India, and Japan. The method of computation and the reasons for the change are explained in detail in the Federal Reserve Bulletin for October ,1922 ,page 1260.
* Average value of the paper peso in 1913.




164

IMPORTS INTO THE UNITED STATES.
Table 118.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

FROM NORTH
AMERICA.

FROM EUROPE.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Total.

GerFrance. many.

Italy.

United
Kingdom.

FROM SOUTH
AMERICA.

Total.

Total.

Canada.

FROM ASIA
FROM I
AND OCEANIA. AFRICA
GRAND
TOTAL.

Argentina.

Total.

Japan.

Total.

Relative to 1913.

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..
average..

100
91
63
73
64

100
75
56
78
71

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

100

106

113

115

116

220

24

93

95

131

125

163

370

3

109

112

169

167

216

455

0

66

103

224

291

302

697

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..

37
87

0

44

55

250

318

308

893

6

107

114

297

348

347

779

142

43
89
119

48

136

189

427

431

384

812

88

102

44

113

88

194

236

149

234

126

106

63

88

151

325

456

377

122

101

52

95

148

308

605

287

114

101

49

118

313

532

94

103

37

115
102

85

275

503

100
100
116
193
271

1OO

81

1920.
September
October
November

. .

1OO 1

100

i

1OO

107

83

109

146

99

184

261

133

256

308

165

330
378
467
207

305

360

169

414

473

218

419

633

254

170

;

140

380
369

321

214

,

243

703

258

35

243

380

358

189

152

:

215

217

444

266

144

175

178

140

1,074
.

100

294

223

1921.

January
February
March
ApriL...

83

86

30

72

77

198

289

186

269

189

108

222

76

100

32

45

83

243

278

160

249

195

142

159

144

107

123

48

115

120

284

264

198

395

172

130

256

169

96

100

43

117

115

276

264

185

251

232

287

208

170

84

276

115

137

204

246

158

124

98

54

109

66

146

199

119

200

304

82

119

94

48

134

71

156

200

144

312

227

311

71

130

117

44

118

81

143

204

103

132

194

275

62

120

93

92

50

150

85

165

248

107

141

179

207

143

126

120
99

39

122

97

164

273
488

218

109

225
202

202

117

243
226

162

47

173
160

141
159

92

47

100

92

174

212

138

245

j

248

99
119

101
112

58

69

117

178

170

152

291

,

209

339
272

318

145
144

63

119

147

225

219

144

222

i

239

235

523

171

93

55

78

98

195

180

139

208

223

230

327

145

103

100

56

121

112

221

239

200

285

265

360

217

169

87
78

63

104

120

223

259

306

174

112

123

237

284

386

252

435
246

100

63

170
181

370

104
•

186

191
218

91

July

228

119

95

May

141

197

88

i

221

168

185

169

117

116

70

87

139

243

272

166

372

329

465

194

188

113

1922.
January,
,February ..
March
April

214

65

82

I

85

107

79

!

155

45

106

September .
October

42

93

97

.

...
. ..

102

76

May

June
.
July
August

96

70

95

141

164

237

107

394

244

326

95

153

101

October




i

!

i '
See footnotes on opposite page.

j

300

345

228

165

IMPORTS INTO THE UNITED STATES.
Table 119.—NUMERICAL DATX.
Front Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
FROM NORTH
AMERICA.

FROM EUROPE.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total.

France.

Germany.

Italy.

United
Kingdom.

FROM SOUTH
AMERICA.

FROM ASIA
FROM
AND OCEANIA. AFRICA
GRAND
TOTAL.

Total.

Canada.

Total.

Argentina.

Total.

Japan.

Total.

Thousands of dollars.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

average.. $72,056
average..
65,293
average..
45,529
average..
52,776
average..
45,929

$11,578 $15,351 $4,610
12,449
4,601
8,685
3,746
4,297
6,493
485
5,020
9,074
13
3,040
8,220

$ 2 2 , 6 6 3 $32,485
23,949
36,783
21,525
42,455
25,457
54,870
23,340
72,665

$11,844 $16,522 $2,131
19,127
13,669
4,690
26,857
14,800
7,890
35,634
19,771
9,691
49,902
34,473
14,855

$26,344
26,265
30,489
50,865
71,455

$8,245
8,808
9,026
15,174
21,139

$1,978
1,638
2,887
5,158
6,089

$149,383
149,106
148,216
199,303
246,039

26,510
62,544
102,320
63,745

4,959
10,318
13,805
11,824

26
884
7,403

2,028
4,922
6,280
5,191

12,385
25,766
42,821
19,900

81,218
96,481
138,555
62,904

37,641
41,225
50,989
27,953

50,911
57,294
63,417
24,635

19,032
16,597
17,315
4,994

86,837
99,696
123,058
54,447

25,162
34,154
34,548
20,939

7,126
9,349
12,524
3,365

252,601
325,364
439,873
209,096

1920.
September
October
November
December

91,041
87,797
S2,035
67,432

12,325
11,749
11,712
11.596

9,645
7,923
7,558
5,666

4,035
4,365
5,320
4,688

34,277
33,613
26,824
19,335

105,548
100,163
101,828
89,222

53,977
71,619
63,013
59,581

62,355
47,379
40,127
35,884

22,883
14,971
8,098
9,454

100,119
97,157
94,205
70,061

26,437
21,240
15,566
11,864

4,227
700
3,015
3,457

363,290
333,196
321,209
266,057

1921.
January
February
March
April

59,579
54,830
76,798
69,156

10,012
11,578
14,200
11,591

4,630
4,952
7,368
6,676

3,339
2,061
5,299
5,413

17,438
IS, 885
27,090
26,172

64,179
78,798
92,112
89,669

34,232
32,874
31,215
31,285

30,750
26,509
32,685
30,535

5,730
5,316
8,413
5,345

49,898
51,244
45,309
61,079

8,939
11,711
10,678
23,637

4,391
3,148
5,064
4,140

208,797
214,530
251,969
254,579

May....
June
July....
August..

60,804
54,718
56,754
59,139

11,823
10,785
11,316
10,923

6,456
6,975
8,217
7,309

7,131
4,946
5,018
5,728

19,374
14,842
14,9S4
15,983

69,603
54,575
47,351
50,583

26,143
23,289
23,627
23,695

23,358
19,620
19,700
23,799

4,854
4,062
4,638
6,646

48,871
53,64S
52,737
59,849

22,760
20,253
25,106
25,646

2,275
3,129
1,618
1,399

204,911
185,690
178,159
194,769

September.
October
November.
December..

63,408
66,769
70,254
72,733

13,565
10,677
13,930
11,484

6,785
7,625
5,914
7,372

5,43S
6,917
5,607
5,393

18,299
19,215
21,888
24,626

46,349
53,443
56,317
51,869

24,1S9
29,416
28,767
26,709

17,133
17,712
26,717
27,106

2,818
2,995
4,803
4,307

51,170
47,241
53,345
78,969

22,700
17,077
22,519
40,242

1,233
2,843
4,315
6,819

179,292
188,008
210,948
237,495

68,113
71,491
85,796
65,667

10,654
11,656
13,025
10,742

7,224
8,901
9,633
8,497

4,590
3, ISO
5,501
3,598

20,805
26,499
33,362
22,124

56,529
57,701
73,235
63,323

25,214
20,137
25,937
21,296

22,793
25,114
23,745
22,889

5,229
6,193
4,727
4,440

65,237
55,146
63,057
58,725

27,941
22,406
19,370
18,990

4,513
6,291
10,339
6,470

217,185
215,743
256,178
217,023

73,949
76,470
75,095
84,627

11,591
10,025
9,059
13,390

8,520
9,595
9,598
10,737

5,584
4,791
5,155
4,017

25,439
27,141
27,938
31,486

71,718
72,322
76,935
78,849

28,249
30,733
33,682
32,185

33,032
29,158
29,964
27,389

6,082
7,891
8,234
7,920

69,831
80,535
66,479
86,713

29,693
35,825
20,261
38,362

4,287
1,975
3,655
3,835

252,817
260,461
252,128
281,413

81,682

11,146

10,683

4,395

31,851

53,191

28,081

27,646

8,405

64,402

26,870

1,875

228,795

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..

1922.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

2

1

j
!
:
!

j
I
!
I
'

Compiled by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, and represent imports of merchandise only. Up to and including May,
1921, import values represented "actual market value or wholesale price at the time of exportation to the United States, in the principal markets of the country from whence
exported, including the value of all containers and coverings, whether holding liquids or solids, and all other costs, charges, and expenses incident to placing the merchant
dise in condition, packed ready for shipment to the United States." (Tariff act of 1913.) Beginning with June, 1921, the import values are either the actual foreign market
value, as denned above, or "the export value, including any export tax imposed by the country of exportation," whichever is higher. (Emergency tariff act of May 27,1921.)
3
Figures for September, 1922, include only the first 21 days of September, during which the old tariff law was in force.




166

EXPORTS FROM THE UNITED STATES.
Table 120.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
TO NORTH
AMERICA.

TO EUROPE.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total.

GerFrance. many.

Italy.

United
Kingdom.

Total.

TO SOUTH
AMERICA.

Canada.

Total.

TO ASIA AND
OCEANIA.

TO
AFRICA
GRAND
TOTAL.

Argentina.

Total.

Japan.

Total.

1OO
88
128
187
178

1OO

205
338
573
252

248

R e l a t i v e t o 1913.

1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..

100
89

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

111

45

124

102

80

77

62

49

85

67

172

325

3

343

203

93

86

98

96

116

73

1

1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

85
143

559

386

319

154

150

150

140

226

175

271

611

(f)

533

340

210

206

213

195

263

298

257

605

J

349

220

220

207

191

290

438

346

580

563

386

216

182

301

284

432

586

298

439

473

328

321

241

426

389

502

605

158

146

()
26
88
106

626

274

l.")9

188

147

187

202

311

377

251

368

68

448

289

336

260

446

475

353

190

339
280

617

111

544

326

358

258

490

477

414

232

460

120

412

254

339

206

535

568

398

173

311

296

199

487

282

323

184

551

506

499

352

200

279

166

448

225

316

162

503

529

550

440

159

132

397

190

222

134

318

359

493

423

576
50ft

316

191
159

153

104

258

159

192

143

234

266

311

315

365

187

140

106

65

208

171

188

146

170

160

256

233

240

164

141

77

70

344

163

179

150

148

168

234

236

193

159

142

99

105

347

131

184

146

143

161

263

328

167

163

147

109

124

209

145

174

155

127

158

204

280

154

157

165

1920.
September
October
November
December

254

117

130

213

173

204

203

114

120

233

218

174

177

,

317
710
639
688

221
251

319
331
181

292

!

363
327
348

1921.
Februarv
March
April
May
June
July.
August

. . .

September
October
November.
December

i
i

235

142

168

125

150

121

174

167

114

113

253

374

110

157

157

202

90

283

173

154

133

125

116

293

483

173

166

122
124

1922.
January
February
March
April
May
June
Julv
August

'

150
134

83
74

202

143
124

123
105

109
133

111
158

296
340

502

202

229

123
140

590

166

142
143

119

138

81

141

132

116

97

113

537

134

125

86

108

119

252

361

180

135
121

149
172

100

148

147

105
132

115

144

75
122

135
136

316

103

141

152

311

438

218

159

106

168

147

142

129

150

184

242

270

164

154

147
135

.

September
October
November
December




. .

157

89

144

151

142

132

149

176

249

308

271

149

149

179

96

182

153

151

143

171

197

314

198

162

127

166

69

276

127

151

147

160

161

270
250

124

144

90

199

112

171

16S

154

154

218

204

132

172

74

193

144

168

165

169

196

224

241

|l
1
!
i

See footnotes on opposite page.

308

;

178
197
209

146
146
151

167
EXPORTS FROM THE UNITED STATES.
Table 121.—NUMERICAL

DATA.

From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
TO NORTH
AMERICA.

TO EUROPE.

GerTotal, j France. many.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Italy.

United
Kingdom.

TO SOUTH
AMERICA.

TO ASIA AND
OCEANIA.

TO I
AFRICA
GRAND
TOTAL.

Total.

Canada.

Total.

Argentina.

Total.

Japan.

Total.

Thousands of dollars.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average.. 8 1 2 4 , 9 6 4 $12,827 8 2 9 , 3 2 8
13,191
average.. 111,608
14,175
981
41,733
average.. 214,451
188
average.. 317,773
71,735
338,538
average.
78,399
(«)

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..

86,556 849,228 850,098 833,599 812,210 84,582

817,319

85,208

82,411

2,261
4,403
6,406
8,925

14,700
20,099
39,211
45,567

3,479
3,811
9,096
15,528

2,110
3,095
4,501
4,282

25,226
36,812
51,993
22,777

8,759
12,992
17,811
9,236

50,250
74,775
86,932
53,782

22,815
30,530
31,495
19,620

4,933
8,160
13,806 !
6,071

512,424
660,035
685,668
373,761

87,264
86,738
69,339
61,700

54,471
59,828
65,285
67,251

21,782
21,858
26,045
23,207

61,180
71,624

9,904
12,067
9,023
18,333

7,632
17,116
15,411
16,592

604,686
751,211
676,528
720,287

8,161
22,477
25,294
34,920

49,984
99,870
157,282
167,450

40,132
46,567
77,046
105,081

25,885 | 7,584
28,754 i 12,011
|
18,356
50,409
25,991
69,077

171,774
189,880
161,319
78,510

110,457
107,983
160,764
94,136

73,906
61,187
80,988
49,473

168,127
179,333
169,741
161,591

8207,002

176,135
296,223
456,887
519,459

321,558
432,306
372,174
196,992

77,600
74,447
56,349
18,745

7,730
25,953
31,027

41,015
36,890
30,980
17,955

313,277
423,310
357,198
! 388,344

47,205
79,085
59,010
38,010

19,797
32,449
35,061
58,439

29,375 j 142,479
35,689 160,440
26,997 I 125,061
31,945 | 138,854

1921.
January
February
March
April

j
j
!
j
;

325,219
238,816
199,256
175,239

35,825
20,432
19,597
13,582

48,812
38,837
30,503
19,133

29,357
26,004
16,908
13,634

110,794
93,450
78,155
84,247

158,528
111,381
96,083
94,309

54,373
45,179
48,168
48,988

61,430
38,804
28,621
20,718

24,228
16,441
12,166
7,345

95,201
85,362
53,915
44,422

22,846
22,029
16,410
12,148

13,893
12,091
8,806
5,776

654,271
486,454
386,680
340,464

May
June
July
August

176,799
! 177,814
! 183,195
' 206,228

9,863
12,708
13,946
15,050

20,485
30,796
36,324
38,284

22,537
22,743
13,674
13,944

80,287
64,439
71,315
85,257

89,647
92,071
87,357
102,141

50,483
49,100
51,996
68,362

18,036
17,496
15,548
13,919

7,690
7,388
7,257
5,486

40,586
45,483
35,374
40,402

12,297
17,057
14,588
16,548

4,642
4,034
3,708
4,198

329,710
336,899
325,181
366,888

177,246
196,054
153,071
154,961

21,579
25,849
19,262
17,249

36,774
26,266
24,326
21,786

9,857
18,554
13,249
15,001

59,475
84,951
60,640
69,105

87,138
77,128
71,579
62,216

55,972
44,750
41,194
35,111

13,920
15,308
13,320
16,205

5,179
5,318
5,100
7,237

43,897
50,677
51,256
58,807

19,499
25,159
26,126
30,718

2,062
4,163
4,865
4,010

324,963
343,331
294,092
296,198

January
February
March
April

149,042
128,923
180,182
183,143

17,730
16,054
19,080
22,076

23,669
22,053
35,658
31,048

9,266
5,637
6,558
11,028

64,933
53,390
72,788
72,291

57,995
59,724
73,542
71,124

32,606
35,281
44,493
43,402

13,853
14,096
17,199
18,366

6,187
6,246
6,987
8,411

54,726
43,627
53,799
41,874

27,985
18,788
22,785
14,041

3,232
4,344
5,258
3,961

278,848
250,713
329,980
318,470

May
June
July....
August.

168,754
186,701
158,634
154,886

20,117
22,945
21,243
18,466

26,105
28,191
20,315
26,317

9,473
11,933
18,111
13,042

74,486
75,246
62,346
55,264 |

71,050
75,896
75,616
85,573

44,288
47,944
49,514
56,492

18,158
20,929
19,530
18,800

8,064
9,023
7,378
7,053

43,074
46,811
43,251
37,795

16,036
16,363
16,024
10,646

6,534
4,780
4,282
4,751

307,569
335,117
301,313
301,805

September
October
November
December

164,595

22,025

21,716

12,674

70,853 ;

83,985

55,363

20,621

8,991

38,841

12,556

5,049

313,092

1920.
September
October
November
December

September.
October
November..
December..

!

(')

1922.

1
Compiled by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, and represent exports, including reexports, of merchandise only. Values
are those at time of exportation in the ports of the United States whence exported, except reexports from bonded warehouses, which are expressed in their import value,
a Total for year 1917 is $3,275. No figures for 1918.




168

GOLD AND SILVER.
Table 122.—(A) INDEX

NUMBERS AND

(B) NUMERICAL DATA.

From Government and non- Government sources,1
[ Base year in bold-faced type.]
GOLD.

SILYTER.

GOLD.

DoPro- Price Price
Ex- tic re-' R a ^ d | ! i m - Ex- duc- in
in
ImNew Lonports. ortscetpts' S S t ;|POrtS.;ports. — ^
|PO ;port
SSt
at
mint.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Imports.

Domestic
Rand
Exreceipts
ports. at mint. output.

Thousands of
dollars.

Relative to 1913.

Fine
ounces.

Imports.

Thousands of
dollars.

Ounces.

85

112

83

90 ;

112

111

110

I

134

107

136

So,309 '87,650 j 148,050 732,779 S2,989
698,275
2,163
4,782 j 18,551 j 155,0S3
757,823
2,874
86
37,663 j 2,619 157,830
772,128
2,689
12,999 133,597
114
57,166
751,855 I. 4,445
148
46,038 30,990 112,495

199

403

102

162

172

95 ;

249

381

85

186

207

42

93 .;

246

181

85

169

223

54

92

177

82

80

105

224 .

93

217 |

126 \.

339 ;.

90 ,

164 |

260 | .

S6 |

168 !

223 ; .

1913 mo.av. 1OO
90
1914 mo.av.
709
1915 mo.av.
1916 mo.av. 1,077
867
1917 mo.av.

87 |

00

100

100

95

34

107

103 ;

170

90
76

105 .|

405

1918 mo.av.
97
1919 mo.av. 120
1920mo.av.| 673
1921mo.av.; 1,098

105

103 !

149

45

58

96 '

401

48

351
26

100

108

100

92

100 100
82

243

Price
Proin
duc- New
tion. York.

Exports.

1921.
634
January...
Febmarv..! 803 |
March
j 1,644
April
! 1,538

92

September.! 1
October...!
November.!
December.
1922.
January...
February..
March
April
May....
June....
July....
August....

I

701,722 i
694,174
679,801 :
676,216

5,948 | 21,071
7,451 | 19,918
7,338 | 9,468

134

3,422 j 86,472
30,682
71,093
26,841 | 62,377
1,969 ! 80,183

5,277 j

4,298

157

216

39,110

17, 129

6, 501

6, 577

109 I.

140

197

116,762

4, 912

5, 709

m j:

.130

185

56,889

25, 931
19, 870

5, 025

108

152

44,660

17, 058

682,173
662,472
633,737
636,204

4, 626

3, 144
6, 081

110

145

66,664
66,322
70,775
71,303

651,593
558,137
671,123 ;
681,382

4, 835

6, 691

862

5, 337
2, 919

67,052
63,821
88,474
93,128

956
687,776
678,490 3 627
689,555 i 4 > 513
711,526 jj 7 , 853

5,651
4,723
4,714
4,477

.968 j
1.111 |
1.009 j
.627 i

47.516
57.059
61. 590
36.811

i
59.476
54.197
50.952
41. 845

.937
.835
.777

i
4. |
45

89 I

9 I

48 !

92 j

130,

5I

48 |

93

110 !

44

«j

94 I

43
60

93 j
94 !

-i

45
27

121 !

98

loll

72
95

36
14

10 '
49

i

162

76 !

33,634

2, 725

99

126 ! 42,627

1, 036

94

118 I 87,272

710

99

124 |

80,662

384

100

124

58,171

1 063

98

127

43,576

101

135

64,247

103

138

84,902

774
3 735
672

I
111 i

145

91

119 |

150

114,

141

110 j

129 |

66,085
47,107
51,299
31,666

2,449
7,576
607
1,9.50

127
26,571
123 | 28,739
!
121 \, 33,4-SS
124 j 12,244
131 i 8,994
130 | 12,977
42,987
129
19,092
127

407

81,839

601

76,880

128
102
56

109

9

63 j

97 '

245 j

31

38 i

94 i

887 i

99

87

97 i

1.50 i
251 I

966 j

67

96

198 |

92

596 ;
i
!

61

93 j

185 I

137

500

51

46

217

76

110

541

45

11

160

136

109

631

48

31

233

101

108

231

48

70

161

98

111

I
169 \

55

86

184

109

76

244 !

52

92

212

115

86

!

62

101

233

360 |

70

103

165

102

213

71 I

810

I

j 85,231 5,567 80.598! 27.573
; 4,300 6,038 j . 5 4 8 j 25.313
j 4,467 6,247
.497|
23.675
I 5,883 6,201 I .657 | 31.315
7,011 5,978 ! .814 ! 40.851

5,170
6,378
35,729
58,302

14 |

j 1096
| 826
1,210
j 1,599

ln

London.

i Thou- Dollars Pence per
.sands of• per i standard
fine j fine | ounce,
ounces.; ounce. 0.925 fine.

|

1920.
September.
737
October... 2,199
November. 1,072
841
December.

Price j
T

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

May
June
July
August

SILVER.

263 I!

119
(

119

120

78 j

117

74

100 I

116

3 , 872
3 298
'

!

6

1 >

1 '

4,907
5,465
6,077
4,437

.592
..560
.593

39.S8-5
34.74.3
32.479 j
34.250 !

5, 113
3, 743

4,277
4,022
3,902
4,017

.598
.585
.603
.616

34.165
34.971 (
37.481 !
38.096 I

2, 319
2, 3-53
1, 424

I

56,251 I
128,643 |
99,379
90,388

691,096
707,825
704,236
681,847

4,
7,510
5,912
5,516 !

4,947
4,782 |
4,804 •
7,145 j

4,212
4,724
3,790
3,897 ;

.662
.710
.682
.658

40.082
41.442
38.750
35.64-5

863

75,919 j

732

66,608

986

70,629

579

71,768

335,000
77,000
227,728
511,338

6,496
4,786 :
6,953
4,800 ;

3,977
7,092
5,307
5,109

3,938
3,878
4,186
4,139

.655
.653
.644
.666

35.035
33.801
33.269
34.080 \

629,786
675,000
738,000
752,000

5,512
6,346 '
6,957
4,944

5,677
4,2.58
6,004
4,760
6,269 j 4,341 i
3,861 | 5,562

.712
.711
.702
.694 !

36.023
35.900
35.644
34.957

645

92,399

956

103,262

i
|
i
;

j
|
!
I

I

September.
October...
November.
December.

552 !

18

60 !

96 '

\:, 29,316 1,399 | 89,561 ; 747,000 I 6,370

3,735 | 5,325

I

35.305 i

1
Imports and exports of gold and silver are from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; Domestic receipts of unrefined gold;
it U. S. mints from U. S. Treasury Department, Bureau of the Mint; Silver prices, average for the month, and Rand gold output from the Engineerinn and Mining Journal,
>roduction of silver by mines of United States from A merican Bureau of Metal Statistics, except annual figures previous to 1921, which are from U. 8. Department of Interior
? eological Survey.




169
CANADIAN INDUSTRY.
Table 123.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

NEWSPRINT PAPER.

i

• YEAR AND MONTH.

I

I

0)

BUILDINGS.

Contracts
award-!
ed.

RAILROAD
OPERATIONS

H

li

Net
operating
revenue.

Short tons.

1OO

1OO

44

63

96

1915 monthly av.

55

22

77

1916 monthly av.

70

26

122

1917 monthly av.

82

22

135

91

26

135

75

49

117

43

1920 monthly av.

109

1921 monthly av.

101

1920.
September...
October
November...
December...

108

5,342,357
4,342,664
6,915,408
7,323,404

2,598,892

85

108

67

136

17

114

63

114

48

100

§6,224,251

2,349,614

61,527
67,284
73,601
67,738

106

100

Dollars.

1,471,776

135

92

100

Thousands
of tons.

100
86
70
111
118

22

1914 monthly av.

91
100

Net operating revenue.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

1913 monthly av.

1919 monthly av.

Exports.

Freight
carried
1 mile.

' Thousands
of dollars.

Stocks.

Contracts
awarded.

1,838,608

Shipments.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

1918 monthly av.

RAILROAD
OPERATIONS.*

1,919,413

Production.

Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1919.

I BUILDINGS.

NEWSPRINT PAPER.

108

109

65

110

65

146

24

72,693

108

103

81

117

57

179

120

72,437

60

115

48

175

90

71,038

118

27

159

11

73,006

106

108

109

102

106

99

120

104

28

114

71,518

95

91

136

96

55

104

63,607

137

62,386
67,922
73,250
67,342

13,352

2,184,524

4,688,726
2,650,772
1,040,158
2,972,480

20,820
18,170
15,399
8,747

2,803,247
3,439,898
3,358,029
3,054,974

1,507,281
7,452
5,589,908
682,808

57,342
52,836
75,774
47,464

8,948
17,641
10,257
21,622

2,195,008
2,002,311
2,122,115
1,759,032

i 3 2,072,166
| 3 1,431,832
| 1,367,768
| 1,259,159

20,920
17,007
19,367
15,919

44,178
42,380
57,318
65,322

26,860
26,437
17, 741
36,307

1,592,306
1,549,754
1,701,480
1,890,549

1,535,229
1,883,849
2,219,649
5,428,943

68,164
79,056
73,380
79,433

17,030
13,399
14,482
13,896

61,207
65,708
67,055
72,660

19,566
18,997
16,640

2,624,671
3,414,313
2,930,344
2,545,408

6,204,662
9,803,135
6,277,760
-3,309,134

83,555
80,476
87,572
82,924

11,727

8,726

67,701
70,729
95,196
61,453

10, 718
13,465
29,428

1,900,310
2,011,226
2,436,149
1,728,754

3 827,619
3140,316
3,568,803
1,315,876

8,375
6,893
11,513
11,813

75,783
86,480
77,004
84,024

34,827
35,620
26,694
25,188

1,956,716
1,743,831
1,787,837

3,909,587
2,464,101
2,409,973

14,083

79,558 ; 29,314

10,687
17,045

50,425
55,203
59,469
62,969

74;201
70,254
73,593
69,397

8,145
10,237
7,578
11,117

60,612
64,405
63,381
65,022

67,360
61,575
64,185
66,260

15,118
17,110
18,663
21,632

49,980
56,412
66,869
75,435

12,597

2,585,756
2,245,883
2,605,416

1921.
January
February
March
April

98

148

98

172

73

74

166

81

83

135

77

103

98

154

104

107

May....
June
July....
August.

94

103

111

126

118

61
59
52

103

100

135

111

October

112

116

106

119

November..

111

108

115

121

December..

117

117

110

118

76

129

124

122

140
138

22

65,619

92

20

69,221

83
81

25

49,308

30

54,715

55

36

68,977

113

87

72,295

137

100

68,983

178

157

75,481

153

101

74,537

133

53

78,599

83

132

J 121
| 116
| 128

111

84

September..

32
68

1922.
January
February
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.

123

26

99

81,418

128

33

105

78,294

63

172

42

127

57

85,973

69

111

92

90

21

83,731

140

66

137

109

102

63

94,502

138

55

157

111

91

40

92,588

93

39

90,282

123

134

September

i

October

126

91

139

83

146

144

94

152

79

98,141

94,812
93,901
85,447
97,764

140

136

112

144

92

94,444

92,210

9,535
7,919

19,119

8,393

'

November

•I

December
1
Production, shipments, and mill stocks ofaiewsprint, comprising practically total production of Canada, furnished by the News Print Service Bureau; exports of newsprint paper and railroad operations compiled by Canadian Department of Trade and Commerce: building contracts from McLean Building Reports {Ltd.).
a Annual figures cover all railroads in Canada; monthly reports cover all railroads with annual operating revenues of $500,000 or over, which include 98 per cent of the
total revenues of all roads.
3 Deficit.




170
CANADIAN FINANCE AND TRADE.
Table 124.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
BUSINESS
FAILURES.

EMPLOYMENT SERVICE OF
CANADA.

BOND I S S U E S .

FOREIGN TRADE, s

EXPORTS OF KEY
TOTAL
COMMODITIES
Placements.
Govern(value).
(quantities).
m e n t Munic- Corpo- Appli- Vacan- i
Liabiland
ration
F i n n s . ities.
provin- ipal,
bonds. cations. cies.
cial.
ReguCas- 1 Im- ; Ex- Canned
1
ual.2 !| ports. I ports. salmon. Cheese. Wheat.
lar.

BANK
JCLEAKYEAR AND MONTH.

|

INGS

Relative to 1920.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.

100
So
82
111

1OO

132

61

1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

144

45

174

34

210

54

181

131

75
61
133
307

200

41

242

57

1920.
September...
October
November...
December

100

159

1S5 .

144

194
95

97

82 ;

100
161
405
393
1,271

1OO
73
57
43
25

220
301

51
27
46
73

119

S5
209

100
11
2
125

164

88

100
126 |
72 I

57

100
92
68
76

206

233

124

157 j

44

126

313

229

127

189 1

10

144

421

208

113

150

83

137

336

226

98

159

341

292

81

185

321

146

206 !

307

248

189 |

417

147

176 j

473

375

115

312

154

480

252

73

415

100
59
31

30

101

1,312
1,457

Relative to 1913.

62

100

100

100

83

107

S7

77

100
151

104

146

124
107
86
55

103
111
89
72

99

95

246

70

151

198

56

13

75

239

123

327

458

108

190

52

January

1S6

128

392

413

February

161

110

204

March

167

105

237

I April

183

91

290

33

May....

189

95

249

497

49

June

1S4

113

390

204

63

July

170

132

255

531

August.

161

131

297

90

September.

167
192

151

324

777

246

180

311

309

47

208
200

147

411

216

187

349

70

January

168

217

437

483

February

143

207

664

March

167

139

320

April

150

126

100
290

100
93

42 |
7S '
129 ;

112

47
198

1921.

October
November.
December..

60

33

103

50

129

261

107

67

137

100

130

8L

43

45

78

129

211

134

26

110

81

87

66

54

87

166

221

69

170

108

9S

85

100

117

140

58

102

86

75

117

122

193

44

40

97

96

SI

71

152

103

190

191

102

72

104

95

81

188

,
1

112

ISO

110

188

44

184

201

1S8

167

;

116

198

472

118

47

122

126

132

114

221

107

190

317

164

85

122

102

86

72

235

106

259

610

134

252

73

156

91

57

44

185 j

115

279

289

124

349

44

126

93

51

38

198

107

277

104

65

412

23
110

65

102

57

138

92

150

110

12

73

107

90

56

35

137

97

150

72

36

67

51

29

158

101

76

54

139

142

194

106

27

72

340

2,668

186

105

91

71

112

86

104

56

104

85

140

118

224

62

24

170

88

77

103

110

233

68

55

140

97

91

79

94

109

229

101

135

113

159

182

162

110

120

237

75

133

138

108

232 i

445

149

110

89
59

1922.

May....

186

175

423

141

123

272

June

163

238

110

10

45

July....

158

138

204

170

41

102

August.

145

163

277

September.

156

156

259

October....

110

88

186

November.
December..




See footnote on opposite page.

21

171
CANADIAN FINANCE AND TRADE.
Table 125.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
BUSINESS
FAILURES.
BANK
CLEARINGS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

BOND ISSUES.

GovernLiabili- ment
and
Finns. ties.
provincial.

lpal

*

EMPLOYMENT SERVICE OF
CANADA.

Corpo- Applica- Vacantions.
cies.
bonds.

Placements.
Regular. Casual

FOREIGN TRADED
TOTAL
(value).

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES
(quantities).

Imports. Exports. Canned |i Cheese. Wheat.
salmon. I

1

Millions Numofdollars. ber.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

av...
av...
av...
av...
av...

$775
659
637
859
1,021

1918monthly
1919 monthly
1920monthly
1921 monthly

av...
av...
av...
av...

1,115
1,351
1,627
1,400

Thousands of
dollars.

Number.

Thousands of dollars.

$55,934 $31,422
51,600
37,953
37,996
39,287
42,350 j 64,858
70,538 I 98,268

152 $1,388 $4,422 $9,647 $6,171
7,032
3,644
7,118
2,562
241
5,542
1,888
17,901
2,698
219
4,158
3,540
17,385
1,312
148
2,365
2,708
56,198
1,138

52
82
199

Thousands of
pounds.

Thousands of
bushels.

1,757 12,942 8,378
5,092
2,888
4,095
4,026

12,076
11,442
16,081
16,492

10,540
5,993
13,145
15,804

'•• 132,181 3,648
3,976
j 105,730
| 107,222
5,127
! 100,869
2,563

14,573
12,684
10,533
11,135

12,533
3,484
6,498
10,776

1,035
843
1,845
4,257

58,000
64,429
9,749
13,311

4,917
2,583
4,466
7,052

628
5,121
3,846
5,121

41,533
44,240

40,165
35,002

30,502
23,376

6,588
9,926

80,294
76,643
88,711
103,347

3,750
9,250
8,750
20,250

2,900
3,517
5,386
10,376

None.
6,100
800
11,750

43,376
40,896
40,601
35,028

58,685
38,096
30,273
20,845

37,712
32,721
26,274
16,747

6,794
7,330
5,892
4,770

115,122
105,770
98,661
85,882

96,404
131,147
148,748
150,950

4,350
2,581
6,589
4,436

14,511 3,926
12,847 16,547
14,944 26,134
9,467 34,734

8,715 11,446
3,348 9,181
1,028 7,486
216 4,983

1920.
September...
October
November...
December

1,549
1,872
1,909
1,849

107
187

1,648
1,396
2,090
4,543

1921.
January
February
March
April

1,440
1,249
1,204
1,418

194
167
159
139

5,441
2,831
4,232
2,455

18,250
None.
10,500
12,840

5,754
9,661
5,671
3,203

2,050
8,000
5,000
10,500

42,794
33,535
36,239
44,974

19,910
17,165
26,649
39,292

15,940
13,849
16,330
26,076

5,299
5,156
5,727
6,561

72,252
71,971
92,601
65,311

81,934
66,315
69,468
44,076

1,873
2,351
1,214
1,012

May....
June
July....
August.

1,466
1,426
1,319
1,245

145
171
201
199

3,459
5,415
3,544
4,119

21,980
9,002
23,500
4,000

4,700
6,092
3,465
6,544

1,000
None.
2,500
None.

42,560
40,037
43,123
76,427

34,396
32,517
38,175
80,762

22,849
21,736
24,604
57,249

7,732
9,985
12,384
11,007

68,502
57,644
62,406
65,147

60,734
59,692
56,440
62,363

775
3,363
1,931
8,301

September.
October
November.
December..

1,291
1,491
1,614
1,549

229
273
224
284

4,492
4,314
5,705
4,840

34,350
13,668
9,558
3,097

23,754
4,563
6,997
4,219

7,500
7,500
9,650
7,750

52,340
42,509
37,740
38,596

53,195
34,602
23,031
20,330

34,777
21,971
13,488
11,647

14,584
15,483
12,179
13,014

59,805
59,518
64,271
60,050

59,590
81,256
87,640
87,186

5,571
10,710
5,079
1,821

1922.
January
February...
March
April

1,304
1,110
1,298
1,165

330
314
212
192

6,067
9,221
4,445
4,724

21,370
None.
2,250
118,000

2,182
10,645
2,842
17,925

4,000
6,633
9,730
6,475

42,233
37,345
42,144
39,432

23,000
22,571
30,655
36,452

11,825
10,624
16,319
21,779

9,118
9,002
9,182
7,391

51,476
54,294
79,337
47,861

47,098
47,004
60,847
32,652

1,935
1,269
1,861
980

1,520
4,708
3,533
1,080

May....
June
July
August..

1,442
1,267
1,223
1,127

266
362
210
248

5,877
1,529
2,832
3,849

6,234
450
7,500

11,878
4,387
3,990

16,765
5,454
6,315

45,892
40,816
40,486
65,857

41,690
35,382
36,606
73,179

25,785
23,439
23,970
49,271

9,253
6,801
6,176
7,275

66,121
61,669
60,757
67,355

70,459
73,107
71,821
74,486

1,089
1,192
1,767
1,325

3,156 14,207
7,093 11,760
17,470 9,487
17,179 11,587

September.
October
November.
December..

1,206
1,440

237

3,590

60,318 j

72,934

7,825

19,230

62

5,178
15,561
24,370
15,258

8,112
6,003
3,649
3,972

21,182 7,145
17,346 21,131
16,008 29,254
8,371 34,492

6,103
5,602
6,042
1,740

9,233

1
Data on operations of Canadian employment service prorated from weekly reports of Dominion Department of Labor, Employment Service of Canada; foreign trade
from Department of Trade and Commerce, Dominion Bureau of Statistics; issues of Canadian bonds compiled by The Financial Post; bank clearings and business failures
from Bradstreefs.
2
Placements are termed casual when employment lasts one week or less.
8
Yearly figures represent the monthly averages for the Canadian fiscal year which ends March 31 of the succeeding year.




172
FOREIGN TRADE OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.
Table 126.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

IMPORTS
(values).
Food,
drink, Raw
Total. and material.
tobacco.

YEAR AND MONTH.

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES 2
(quantities).

EXPORTS
(values).
Manufactured
articles.

REEXPORTS
(values).

Food,
Mandrink, Raw ufacTotal. and mate- tured
rial.
toartibacco.
cles.

Food,
Mandrink, Raw ufacTotal. and mate- tured
torial. artibacco.
cles.

Cottonpiece
goods.

Relative to

Relative to 1913.

100
91
115

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

84

83

82

89

84

131

102

94

73

.77

75

144

120

98

96

91

157

137

113

100

50

100

100

100

87

109

84

90

140

85

92

100
82
71
96

89

132

96

103

64

47

77
C8

Coal.

Relative to
1913.

1920.

1OO

103

138

av
av
av
av

100

123

1913 monthly av
1914 monthly av
1915 monthly av
1916 monthly av
1917 monthly av

Woolen
and Iron
and
wor- steel.
sted
tissues.

100
82
75
93
64

1OO

100

78

80

65

59

67

52

47

48
43

171

196

163

145

95

37

87

99

28

25

22

43

33

212

244

229

138

152

102

174

154

150

269

142

105

46

48

252

266

252

235

254

156

208

272

203

289

192

181

1OO

70

34

142

196

96

127

136

115

91

143

98

190

78

90

66

100
43

35

34

May

260

269

258

252

273

148

227

294

222

254

224

199

120

119

95

JilTlft

266

279

247

277

266

159

197

289

220

310

206

203

110

113

69

35
32

July
August

255

288

221

257

314

166

215

347

195

274

173

203

107

126

89

34

239

255

218

248

263

129

180

291

146

255

104

181

99

103

67

30

238

278

190

251

268

159

163

298

146

271

102

176

103

93

62

24

234

286

189

225

257

172

165

279

177

347

132

181

82

79

67

23

225

254

198

223

273

174

161

302

144

319

93

159

93

88

56

22

223

246

207

214

221

141

211

230

139

301

92

154

67

62

46

38

1920.

i

September.
October
November
December
1921.

January
February .
March
April

183

189

212

142

132

233

109

163

92

117

67

63

57

28

109

145

156

113

101

170

88

117

82

83

66

48

41

28

210

76

155

153

107

100

166

97

215

76

80

63

41

36

32

140

219

70

126

137

137

50

152

93

191

72

87

50

46

39

135
138

May

158

197

146

June
July
August

203

151

207

71
78

120

98

77

25

113

75

39

34

90

19

98

147
168

64

87

79
78

90

41

33

25
17

215

126

174

86

109
112

99

99

48

107

103

230

49
76

90

48

36

138

209

83

113

117

115

121

116

109

206

88

105

57

37

September

136

200

87

122

120

128

94

204

72

84

72

132

184

142

128

126

147

114

230

96

88

96

139

171

91
128

111
116

146

October..
November
December...

111

144

132

121

149

108

222

90

84

133

162

118

113

136

117

133

138

101

183

80

102

119

140

105

110

145

105

121

151

93

162

75

93

108

133

86

103

133

101

118

140

111

171

100

105

1922.
January
February
1 March .

i

,

10
4

( )
13

15
18

51

43

32

56

50

38

56

98

49

47

59

89

52

50

70

92

71

61

66

68

54

54

66

May
June
July v
August

September

137

187

94

126

148

120

145

151

111

204

94

99

82

68

71

85

126

166

91

118

127

111

127

129

101

175

88

88

82

64

63

67

139

178

108

125

133

112

150

131

98

162

85

92

92

75

66

83

|

132

107

117

119

112

132

118

95

121

90

91

84

73

57

78

i

128

165
161

103

115

138

103

138

141

91

108

90

85

120

78

61

83

1 129

156

103

126

137

114

153

138

82

97

77

86

102

80

65

100

1

147

93

119

143

116

173

141

70

105

58

76

107

62

67

116

120

|

Octo'ber
November
Dftf»p.mber

I
1




i

See footnotes on opposite page.

•I

173
FOREIGN TRADE OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.
Table 127.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

EXPORTS
(values).

IMPORTS
(values).

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total.

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES a
(quantities).

REEXPORTS
(values).

ManuFood,
Food, I
Food,
drink, Raw Manudrink,; Raw facCotton Woolen Iron
drink, Raw Manufacfacand
piece
and
and mate- tured Total. and mate- tured Total. and mate- tured
rial. articles.
torial. arti- goods. worsted steel.
torial. articles.
totissues.
cles.
bacco.
bacco.
bacco.
Thousands of
square yards.

Thousands of pounds sterling (£).

64,061 24,184 23,485 16,134 43,770 2,716 5,825 34,281
2,412 4,893 28,219
35,893
24,995 19,711 13,374
58,053
32,072
2,090 4,363 24,411
31,740 23,881 15,121
73,491
2,458 5,362 32,783
42,190
31,931 2S,066 15,766
79,042
1,361 5,597 35,301
43,923
37,893 32,067
88,680
18,214

1913 monthly a v .
1914 monthly a v .
1915 monthly a v .
1916 monthly a v . .
1917 monthly a v .

90,668

47,491
58,938
64,291
47,3S2

38,207
53,834
59,292
22,598

1920.
May
June
July
August

166,334
170,491
163,342
153,255

64,993
67,566
69,571
61,785

September..
October
November..
December..

152,692
149,889
144,260
142,785

1921.
January
February
March
April

117,051
96,974
93,742

1918 monthly a v .

109,678

1919 monthly a v .

135,513

1920 monthly a v .

161,379

1921 monthly a v . .

l,0Cl
2,775
4,241
3,122

5,083
10,107
12,138
5,322

il

9,131 1,329 5,336 2,455
1,453 4,488 2,007
7,956
1,867 4,549 1,835
8,255
1,756 4,095 2,271
8,131
1,566
620
5,806
3,615
2,579
13,729
18,534
8,921

23,343

41,785

22,219

66,553

37,902

111,289

20,425

59,316

60,509
57,919
51,899
51,268

40,580
44,681
41,423
40,016

119,319
116,352
137,452
114,903

4,020 13,211 100,727
4,313 11,447
9,081
4,515 12,551 118,954
3,503 10,467 99,645

20,260

67,269
69,168
61,499
59,378

44,557
44,299
46,560
48,613

40,573
36,267
35,955
34,553

117,456
112,295
119,365
96,631

4,311 9,515 102,216
4,678 9,632 95,701
4,723 9,399 103,694
3,842 12,277 78,819

13,351
16,134
13,115
12,699

8J,996

49,158
47,750
50,888
52,908

37,005
25,504
17,739
16,547

30,467
23,394
24,980
20,374

92,756
68,222
66,809
59,868

May....
June
July....
August.

86,308
88,182
80,757
88,581

50,094
51,915
42,090
50,584

16,711
18,389
20,232
19,589

September..
October
November..
December..

87,118
84,742
89,259
85,312

48,410
44,475
41,246
39,063

1922.
January
February
March
April

76,488
69,275
87,879
80,661

May....
J une
July....
August.
September
October
November
December

3,852
3,075
2,897
3,729

33,880
52,663
93,394
49,048

20,124
17,848
13,368

336

3,575
3,842
2,520

1,194
7,571
10,249
4,171

3,376 11,975
4,120 11,010
3,638 9,221
3,385 5,529

3 565,415

3 14,718

3 478,763

3 13,417

3 395,417

3 12,460

3 438,318 3 15,432
3 415,004

190

4,437

370,138
242,938

22,178
9,562

290

2,220

4,897

443,688
406,334
395,849
367,144

26,476
24,987
28,027
22,736

392
286
370
279

382,591
305,339
343,575
248,443

20,653
17,574
19,513
13,697

255
277
232
192

2,302

249,613
244,949
232,043
186,849

13,877
10,693
9,121
10,209

236
168
150
163

1,700
1,729
1,968
607

7,566

14
8
816
3,103

4,992
4,989
4,453

3,'6O1

5,418

4,317

4,605

7,061

4,444

4,243

4,975

3,896

3,995

4,917

3,787

2,160
1,552
2,851
2,543

4,904

2,865

4,386

2,041

19,282
17,600
18,005
18,194

43,088 2,101 1,437
38,152 2,439 1,125
43,172 | 2,702 2,775
51,346 J 3,124 7,058

38,662
33,658
36,705
39,936

7,232

1,958

3,418

1,850

7,083

2,229

2,616

2,219

9,362

3,062

4,082

2,216

9,998

2,744

4,683

2,567

20,465
21,256
29,946
27,792

17,905
18,691
17,913
18,291

63,842
62,265
62,894
59,375 !
I

44,009
50,238
51,094
47,368

8,595
10,386
9,823
9,204

2,710

3,822

2,057

3,057

5,143

2,164

2,944

4,818

2,060

2,435

4,263

33,972
32,257
45,261
40,097

24,565
20,220
22,095
21,404

17,710
16,576
20,309
18,962

63,147 2,861
58,335 j 2,754
64,581 [ 3,270
55,508 3,011

51,824
48,000
51,760
44,336

8,459
10,174
10,154
9,200

88,814
84,298
81,784
82,661

43,675
39,936
38,817
37,762

25,358

24,141

20,207
18,857
18,579
20,326

58,045
52,146
60,419
60,032

3,045
3,044
2,806
3,105

8,900

45,073
40,565
48,455
47,149

76,944

35,555

21,848

19,244 | 62,511

3,154

10,099

48,361

25,242
24,237

3,300 6,997
3,466 7,359
3,586 7,046
3,187 7,746

7,032
6,869
8,465
7,376
8,757
7,671
8,041

8,888
8,524

4,074

1,962

3,844

2,134

143

2,140
1,931
2,097
1,847
1,476
1,417
1,361

8,232

6,104
11,109
10,978
11,574

133
156
194
205

3,407

2, .501

265,386
353,825
363,633
330,476

2,155 j 4,015

2,285

339,348

2,575

252,278

2,709 I 5,015

2,428

304,293

2,323

4,704

2,168

302,598

15,813
11,995
15,057
14,002

254
224
296
258

4,021

2,276 I 5,323

8,965
8,720
8,317
7,504

2,152

4,548

2,264

1,611

4,787

2,230

1,436

4,795

2,084

1,288

4,110

2,105 !

341,959 16,585
312,435 | 16,145
443,937 | 17,305
378,353 17,632

273
237
252
270

6,146

6,381

1,399

3,103

1,869 j 396,368 | 13,834

279

7,083

Compiled from British official reports by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign 2nd Domestic Commerce
Figures include exports and reexports.
• Figures for years 1913-1919, inclusive, are in linear yards.
4
Less than 1 per cent.
NOTE.—See p. — for exchange rate on pound sterling.




137

102
69
64
76

145,769
152,782
177,530
212,403

M
*
1
8

2,646
2,937
2,078
2,055

3 308,321

3 298,782 313,706

2,936

5,832

414 6,117
324
4,920
270
3,628
3,196
279
2,916
195

1,048

9,955
8,004

3 8,208

Thousands of
long tons.

2,575

79,746
58,177
56,969
52,019

7,668
5,881

313,874

Coal.

7,235
8,045

3,407
3,594
4,309

4,014
5,201
4,097
5,057
4,794
5,064

174
COAL PRODUCTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 128.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
LIGNITE.

COAL.
United
Kingdom.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Germany.1

France. 1

Belgium.

Union of
NetherCzechoSouth
slovakia. Poland. lands. Japan. Canada. Africa.

Germany.

Czechoslovakia.

100

Relative t o 1913.

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthlv
monthly
monthly
monthlv

100
103
121
138
161

100
105
96
107
124

100
91
88
96
94

100
96
94
114
118

100
96
101
108
110

67
79

181
181
210
210

132
147
137
109

100
91
88
78

112
117
130
131

115
108
128
141

66
63

229
235

125
130

90
88

131
136

139
144

85

70

229

134

99

137

135

74

65

235

147

98

141

139

93
85
87
90

100
92
88
89
86

1920.
September
October
November
December..

100
67
48
52
71

100
73
62
74
65

84
161
169
172

64
154
185
194

61
81
98
95

74
78
82

3 98
41
67

average
average
average .
average

100
85
77
84
88

79
80
80
57

1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly average

73
75
75
75

94
96

100
103

81
78

93

86

97

108

100

100

74
86
92

1921.
January .
February .
March
April

77
73
69
24

76
76
72
75

95
84
87
88

107
93
95
90

86
84
87
85

69
70
76
82

221
179
188
186

118
104
122
114

85
78
74
62

134
122
131
135

139
138
136
143

95
91
97
91

Mav
June
July
August.

24
24
64
69

55
65
68
74

86
96
95
99

84
89
93
97

78
83
79
85

56
83
82
82

182
216
212
199

109
104
102
92

70
74
78
91

135
132
131
141

129
138
139
146

83
88
88
93

886
71

100
98

99
100

80
72

82
84

223
238

101
108

83
83

135
123

143
145

97

95

81

89

233

112

78

125

144

8 94

73
76
74
75

107

103

77

88

239

123

83

124

152

92
84
97
98

74
83
3 103
75

77
72
85
71

104
100
112
96

98
92
103
91

86
49
90
68

91
86
107
84

238
212
247
224

107
112
125
123

69
72
86
47

98
75
103
101

151
139
169
146

90
51
105
95

380
385
78
3 101

77
57
61

101
100

90
88

72
62

89

246
230

119

52

124
122

157
144

92
81

124

157

Septfvmhpr
October
November
December

75

. .
1922.

January
February
March
April..
May
July
August
September
October

.

88

85

December




See footnotes on opposite page.

248

175
COAL PRODUCTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 129.—VULXXICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
COAL.
United
Kingdom.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Germany. 1

France.1

Belgium.

LIGNITE.

CzechoNetherslovakia. P o l a n d . lands. J a p a n .

Unionof
Canada. South
Africa.

Germany.

Czechoslovakia.

Thousands of metric tons.2
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
19l6 monthly average
1917 monthly average

24,342

1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average

19,286

13,376

19,458

1

3,404

1,904

22,499

15,842
13,449

2,294

1,189

803

156

1,776

1,135

665

7,269

161

1,393

1,858

1,031

641

6,975

21,443

12,239

1,628

1,181

189

1,707

1,003

626

7,329

21,711

13,264

1,776

1,405

216

1,908

1,095

757

7,849

21,044

13,979

2,410

1,243

251

2,197

1,062

785

7,962

2,188

1,157

283

2,336

1,133

747

8,389

1,822

1,540

874

283

2,606

1,035

776

1,918

9,723

1

7,820

1,411

19,402

1

10,950

12,890

1,866

928

534

328

2,437

1,001

867

9,303

1,641

13,758

1

11,351

1

3,213

1,817

970

631

327

1,938

888

870

10,249

1,756

1920.
September
October
November
December

323,883

11,550

3,213

1,909

966

526

357

2,223

1,018

872

10,103

1,779

9,960

11,870

3,283

1,967

924

509

367

2,315

1,002

905

10,493

1,627

16,191

11,814

3,171

1,634

1,015

560

358

2,375

1,119

913

9,839

1,664

3 23,891

11,926

3,317

2,052

874

522

367

2,602

1,114

937

10,110

1,722

18,854

12,009

3,246

2,041

1,027

557

345

2,101

965

889

10,071

1,817

17,661

12,009

2,875

1,778

998

566

279

1,849

880

811

10,039

1,749

16,712

11,460

2,969

1,800

1,039

609

293

2,173

840

873

9,876

1,867

60

11,906

3,009

1,712

1,012

661

290

2,018

705

897

10,374

1,750

60

8,771

2,919

1,592

926

447

284

1,933

789

896

9,369

1,597

60

10,295

3,258

1,700

988

666

337

1,844

844

877

10,058

1,696

1921.
January
February
March
April . .

.. .

May
July
August

15,463

September
October
November
December

10,731

3,218

1,777

944

658

330

1,804

883

873

10,068

1,685

16,869

11,727

3,386

1,840

1,014

660

311

1,642

1,036

939

10,606

1,786

3 20,980

11,607

949

1,792

947

898

1,906

861

659
672

348

11,977

3,393
3,337

1,876

17,251

372

1,920

939

818

10,359
10,567

1,618

1,766

18,174

11,708

3,309

1,818

964

711

364

1,983

887

832

10,479

1,860

3 22,951

11,923

3,632

1,965

914

703

373

2,191

944

824

11,029

1,883

1,718

1922.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July

17,990

12,166

3,533

1,872

1,028

729

371

1,894

787

653

10,979

20,090

11,456

3,390

1,760

584

692

330

1,995

818

499

10,091

974

3 25,161

13,418

3,807

1,968

1,067

861

386

2,212

980

684

12,260

2,018

18,352

11,289

3,278

1,726

808

675

350

2,191

533

669

10,634

1,827

716

384

2,113

594

3 19,466

12,120

3,442

1,708

854

3 20,699

9,038

3,415

1,675

740

18,916

9,589

1 669

827

11,437

1,758

359

813

10,487

1,559

387

823

11,411

3 24,483

September
October
November
December

20 754

1
Compiled by the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, from official sources. Figures for France include lignite (averaging 66,000 tons
per month in 1913). Beginning 1919, Alsace-Lorraine (averaging 203,000 tons monthly in 1919 and 264,000 tons in 1920) is included with France instead of with Germany
and beginning 1920 the Saar district (784,000 tons per month) is similarly transferred. Upper Silesia, whose disorders were responsible for the curtailment of German production in May, 1921, was included as a whole with Germany until June, 1922, since which time only the part of Upper Silesia allotted to Germany is included.
2
One metric ton is equivalent to 2,204.6 pounds.
a Five weeks period; other months cover four weeks.




176
METAL PRODUCTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 130.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
PIG IRON.

YEAR AND MONTH.

STEEL INGOTS.

ZINC.

United
King- Canada. France. Belgium. Luxemburg.
dom.

United
King- Canada. France. Belgium. ! LuxemI burg.
dom. I

Stocks in | ProducUnited
tion in
Kingdom, i Belgium.
!l Relative to
II Apr.-Dec.
|| average,
!
1920.

Relative to 1913.

1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.

100
87

92

1OO
69
81
104
104

1OO
52
11
29
33

1OO
58
3
5
(*)

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.

88
72
78
25

106
81
96
60

25
46
64
65

10
45
35

24

87
62
47

112
125
115
64

80
85
82
80

51
60
57
61

75
54
45
7

49
69
71
46

68
67
69
67

May
June
July
August..

1
11

67
65
64
60

September.
October....
November.
December..

18
28
32
32

1922.
January.-February.
March
April

100
72
63
77
60

100
102
112
120
128

100
71
87
122
149

100
56
23
41
47

100
57
4
4
()
*

100
96
82
109
89

'
i
!
I
;|

50

125
103
118
47

161
89
106
64

38
46
62
63

(J)
14
51
32

72
32
50
62

!
|
j
|

35
38
41
41

138
85
79
117

114
128
111
64

76

54

79
79

54
51
51
46

45
39
13
34

77
76
56
11

46
68
61
31

65
66
62
59

37
33
22
22

38
39
33
35

1
()
*
18

52
60
57
48

56
59
68
69

19
23
29
36

42
47
44
48

34
35
46
46

38
40
50
40

72
74

45
44
57
55

May....
June
July....
August.

48
43
47
48

27
35
38

102
96
99

57
56
61

September.
October
November..
December..

50

Relative
to 1920.

1920.
September
October
November
December

» 100
70

100
79

59
59

72
65
73

102
84
75
77

110
116
114
121

68
67
63
65

59
49
48
54

71
62
20
57

65
60
63
77

118
93
66
62

60
74
62
83

62
62
56
59

31
27
13
14

56
61
57
55

84
82
80
76

62
62
71
71

67
63
69
60

64
83
86
49

60
52
72
76

17
16
23
31

76
82
70
81

72
68
62
56

71
78
88
105

48
46
63
62

51
65
86
63

38
48
34
25

80
80
93
82

39
41
52
47

76
75
101
99

50
37
28
27

117
110
127
121

67
68
71

72
63
74
82

18
38
72

92
90
93

58
55
56

113
123
127

23
20
19
17

126
118
128
137

27

1921.
January...
February.
March
April




87

I
See footnotes on opposite page.

116

177
METAL PRODUCTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 131.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
STEEL INGOTS.

PIG IRON.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

United
Kingdom.

Canada. France.

Thousands 4
of
long tons.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average
average
average
average
average

855
744

84
58

785

1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average

87
87

81
50

109
201
276
280

21
93
73

756
612
667
218

1920.
September
October
November
December

Thousands of metric tons. 6

434
224
49
124
145

733
754

Belgium Luxemburg.

207
121

United
Kingdom.

Canada. France.

Thousands of
long tons. 4

ZINC.

Belgium. Luxemburg.

Thousands of metric tons.&

639
653
713
766
817

87
62
76
106
130

396
221
91
163
186

205
116

11
1

212
152
133
163
127
106
51
58
81

799
658
755
302

140
77
92
56

151
182
246
250

1
28
104
65

300
544

111

324

Stocks i n
United
Kingdom.

Short tons.

101
97
83
110
90
73
32
50

« 25,477
17,945

7,740
6,100

111

70

25,954

122

73

21,520

8,483
9,007
8,841
9,359

741

348

106

74

105

371

125

81

403

94

356

118

505

97

314

120

66

18,987

683'

54

349

127

747

56

312

121

74

19,640

642

41

293

112

95

493

40

268

121

72

16,635

464

58

292

105

83

484

59

264

100

63

15,239

386

300

106

28

359

53

251

98

20

16,158

60

May
June
July
August..

94

533

1921.
January...
February.
March
April

292

96

72

71

27

257

110

58

19,538

14

56

283

76

52

244

64

57

21,280

1

55

285

69

64

245

55

62

21,002

10

54

267

45

71

117

54

223

27

58

20,331

94

September.
October....
November.
December..

Production i n
Belgium.

50

255

45

74

434

72

232

28

56

19,473

9,161
7,199
5,115
4,762
4,806
4,817
5,457
5,512
5,500
6,019
6,801
8,122

158

40

88

429

56

236

35

77

18,374

256

47

100

405

72

206

33

83

17,275

48

295

61

94

443

75

277

47

71

15,738

275

40

301

74

102

381

43

302

64

82

14,297

288

32

312

94

102

328

33

315

80

77

12,781

300

34

323

92

97

415

42

316

84

76

9,335

390

42

385

118

133

549

30

367

106

101

7,140

394

34

383

114

131

404

22

324

97

100

6,795

9,092
8,543
9,866
9,359

409

May
June
July....
August.

244

'50

272

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

44

236

23
29
32

442
416
428

119
115
127

142

462

364

118

114

144

400

358

113

124

115

128

9,733
9,160
9,877
10,626
8,970

412
430

September.
October
November..
December..

521

5,983
5,221
4,804
4,342

556

4,108

150

471

63

1
Compiled b y the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, from official reports, except zinc stocks in United Kingdom, and zinc production in Belgium reported by American Bureau of Metal Statistics; iron and steel production in United Kingdom reported by British Federation of Iron and Steel Manufacturers; Canadian production by Department of Trade and Commerce, Dominion Bureau of Statistics.
2
Index number less than 1.
8
Average for 9 months, April-December.
* A long ton contains 2,240 pounds.
6
A metric ton is equivalent to 2,204.6 pounds.

15566°—22




12

178
EMPLOYMENT IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 132.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

UNITED
KINGDOM.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Trade
unIons
- insurance.

GERMANY.

BEL- NETHERGIUM. LANDS. SWEDEN.

NORWAY.

AUSDENMARK. CANADA. TRALIA.

Relative
to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.

1OO

1OO

99

88

1OO

1OO

97

90

100

99

100

101

95

101
100

3 102

100

96

100

81

3 102

100
98
97
101
99
101

97

1OO

100

102

99

100

84

87

91

95

« 100

98
100

2 95

103

101

95

1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average..

1OO

Relative
to 1913.

94

1920.

September.
October
November.
December..

100

100

97

101

102

100

105

100

97

99

96

101

100

99

105

97

98

100

99

95

99

96

85

97

102
95

92

90

1921.
January...
February.
March....
April

95

95

83

83

90

87

90

93

94

79

83

86

83

87

92

92

70

85

83

99

71

84

85

84

May....
June
July....
August.

<95

99

95

78

84

88

85

100

79

97

75

80

90

90

85

88

100

81

97

83

90

94

85

90

101

80

84

89

95

87

91

102

85

78

84

90

95

90

September.
October....
November.
December..

70

79

102

89

76

84

102

88

101

91

87
87

5

75

80

71

76

73

<95

96

82

69

95

«94

«97

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

85

100

91

85

100

92

85

102

91

85

102

93

May....
June
Ju.y
August..

85

90

102

96

94

86

91

102

97

94

87

91

102

97

94

87

91

77

93

76

78

94

78

82

93

84

91

95

96

September.
October....
November.
December..




89

72

See footnotes on opposite page.

*97

179
EMPLOYMENT IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 133.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
UNITED
KINGDOM.
Y E A R AND MONTH.

Trade- Compulsory
unions. insurance.

GERMANY.

BEL- NETHERGIUM. LANDS. SWEDEN.

NORWAY.

AUSDENMARK. CANADA. TRALIA.

Per cent employed.
average.
average.
average..
average..
average.

97.9
97.7
98.9
99.6
99.4

96.4
95.8
98.8
98.4
98.4

97.1
92.8
96.8
97.8
99.0

1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average.

99.2
97.6
97.6
84.7

98.8

98.8
96.3
96.2
97.2

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

96.2
86.3

97.3
96.1

78.4

94.9
83.8
85.4
94.2
90.4

95.6
93.3
92.2
95.8
96.1

98.4
97.6
97.9
99.2
99.1

92.5
90.1
92.3
95.1
90.8

*92.07
«98.13
»98.13

93.5
91.7
90.7
94.2
92.9

90.0
91.1
92.8
89.1

95.6
94.5
94.6
73.9

98.6
98.4
97.7
82.7

82.6
89.3
94.2
80.1

3 98.50
96.58
95.37
87.47

94.2
93.4
93.5
88.8

4 93.8

i

1920.
September.
October
November.
December..

97.1
95.5
93.0
84.2

98.2
97.8
96.5
93.2

97.3
96.7
93.9
84.9

96.74
93.91
89.76
86.95

83.5
83.6
86.1
88.1

79.8
79.2
75.4
75.8

88.7
85.1
83.9
82.9

80.3

78.3

86.93
83.88
83.52
83.73

67.7
77.1
78.6
78.3

90.6
91.9
92.4
92.7

74.7
72.1
72.2
73.2

82.2
79.1
82.1
82.7

81.4
83.2
83.3
82.3

84.54
86.85
90.90
91.29

98.7
98.8
98.6
5 98.4

82.3
86.4
86.1
88.6

93.2
93.1
90.0
83.4

74.2
72.8
71.4
66.1

82.9
82.9
80.7
79.1

83.4
81.6
79.2
74.8

91.53
92.58
88.94
84.91

83.8
84.8
85.6
85.6

96.7
97.3
98.9
99.1

88.8
89.9
90.8
91.1

80.0
78.1
85.9
88.5

65.2
67.9
69.4
71.4

76.5
74.9
74.9
76.8

71.1
66.9
72.1
76.0

86.10
89.40
90.40
89.60

86.5
8*3
87.7
88.0

99.3
99.4
99.4

93.0
94.0
94.6

76.7
78.5
79.8

82.2
84.5

97.8
94.7
96.3
93.9

96.2
95.9
96.3
94.2

95.5
95.8
96.1
95.9

94.2
93.6
92.8
82.6

95.9
95.8
92.8

January...
February.
March
April

93.1
91.5
90.0
82.4

91.8
90.5
88.7
85.0

95.5
95.3
96.3
96.1

80.7
77.3
68.5
68.8

May
June
July....
August..

77.8
76.9
83.3
83.7

82.7
82.2
85.2
86.8

96.3
97.0
97.5
97.8

September.
October....
November.
December..

85.2
84.4
84.1
83.5

87.8
87.2
84.3
83.8

January.. February.
March
April

83.2
83.7
83.7
83.0

May....
June
July....
August.

83.6
84.3
85.4
85.6

<92.2

1921.
76.8
76.4

4 87.5

4 90.5

1922.

86.8
87.1
88.9

92.60
94.70
95.90

4 90.4

September.
October
November.
December..
1
Compiled by the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign arid Domestic Commerce, from official sources. Canadian figures furnished direct by Dominion Department of Labour, Employment Service of Canada. The figures, except in the case of British compulsory insurance, which relate to the operations of the Government labor
bureau, represent the percentage of trade-union members employed. They have been converted, by inverting, from the original figures showing percentage unemployed.
2
December.
3
Average of quarters, March, June, September, and December.
4 Quarter ending this month.
s The report for December covers 6,075,755 organized workers of whom only 97,687 or 1.6 per cent were unemployed.




180
ARGENTINE MOVEMENT OF GRAIN AND FLAXSEED.
Table 134.—(A) INDEX JSTUMBEBS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.
VISIBLE SUPPLY.3

SHIPMENTS.*
Wheat. Corn.

Oats.

Flax- Wheat. Corn.
seed.

Flaxseed.

VISIBLE SUPPLY.^

SHIPMENTS.*

Wheat.

Corn.

Oats.

Flaxseed.

Wheat.

Corn.

Flaxseed.

YEAB AND MONTH.

Relative to 1913 or 1914.
A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..

Thousands of bushels.
B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100
35
89
82
32

1OO
71
92
60
15

100
40
67
90
30

1OO
83
97
63
14

100
37
179
396
183

100
149
219
299
106

100
194
326
71

104
116
179
62

11
40
91

60
37
46
45

82
100
125

276
116
164
147

103
178
195
108

«209
359
200
394

27
12
1

107
127
135
44

65

103

21

343

192

24

138

7

286

165

11

90

11

52

14
70
104
157

63
32
18
11

30
50
66
49

112

36

43
65
123
113

38
35
79
88

20
27
12
32

79
63
51
55

51
9
19
23

1922.
January..
February.
March....
April

87
223
321
219

37
48
28
22

43
86
50
35

May....
June
July....
August.

137
158
154
99

54
43
51
45

29
55
25
25

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..

1920.
September
October
November
December
1921.
January...
February.
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

September..
October
November..
December..

10

8,611
3,002
7,681
7,027
2,745

15,770
11,204
14,435
9,428
2,352

5,118
2,036
3,408
4,618
1,557

3,336
2,761
3,222
2,099
467

2,588
964
4,641
10,256
4,740

8,959

1,700
6,234
14,378
9,412

3,055
1,903
2,357
2,298

1,304
2,752
3,324
4,174

7,130
2,992
4,240
3,814

16,832
20,105
21,334
6,935

3,318
1,217
587
585

3,436
4,595
3,012
1,744

555

12,000

185

10,000

555

3,200

1,400
1,200
1,600
1,000

9,943
5,081
2,874
1,695

1,520
2,557
3,373
2,525

2,022
2,820
6,203
5,109

1,850
2,405
3,700
6,600

1,600

2,000

1,000

3,000

800

3,200

600

4,000

2,720
4,075
9,344
3,236

8,510
6,600
3,700
1,850

4,800
6,000
8,000
5,200

6,000
2,800
2,400
2,000

5,200
4,000
4,800
3,200

2,600
1,400
1,400
3,600

2,400
2,000
1,600
2,800

2,000
2,220
2,800
2,800

9,965
15,383
5,308

2,321

97

252

220

21

92

137

61

71

46

275

1,223

85

93

29

412

6,054

186

143

23

440

8,927

153

255

17

549

13,503

82

329

137

824

9,655

6,782

122

255

172

385

7,379

10,259

280

143

229

330

5,923

19,466

97

71

149

275

3,133

17,772

1,969
1,798
4,040
4,506

125

72

149

357

1,726

12,487

2,632

4,163

99

100

114

192

2,336

480

3,302

3,496
5,193
7,647
10,445
3,717

3,617 *1,{
6,233
2,617
6,830 ; 1,457
3,767 ! 2,867

8,800

58

122

137

192

1,055

7,978

978

1,934

155

114

92

495

2,782

8,616

1,193

5,162

1,859
2,590
3,145
2,960

2,196
4,414
2,556
1,789

2,538
2,662
2,661
2,271

5,920
7,030
4,810
7,400

76

229

275

7,530

80

272

302

19,213

80

186

385

27,600

385

18,852

5,788
7,603
4,485
3,398

68
109

214

149

247

11,782

8,toi

112

143

92

220

13,622

161

129

69

220

13,265

154

71

34

137

8,482

6,842
8,001
7,168 !

1,461
2,809
1,290
1,258

3,627
3,749
5,380
5,129

5,550
3,700
3,328
1,850

56

71

114

137

5,234

9,790 !

501

1,861

1,850 ;

;

728
1,415
2,374
515

I
!
!
j

5,200 ! 1,800
3,200 ! 1,600
2,400 i 1,600
1,200
1,000
4,000

1,000

1
Shipments of wheat, corn, and oats as reported in the Northwestern Miller. Shipments and visible supply of flaxseed as reported in the Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter.
Visible supply of wheat and corn in chief ports reported by Modern Miller.
»Monthly figures are totals of weekly figures with first and last week of month prorated.
• At end of week nearest end of the month.
4
Ten-month average.




181

WORLD PRODUCTION OF COTTON.*
Country .

.

New crop available

Peru.

United
States.

Mexico.

India.

June.

World total.

, r -, -

August.

August.

November.

Brazil.

Egypt.

September. September.

Thousands of bales (478 pounds net).
Normal consumption (1909-1913)
1909-1913 average
1914
1915
1916
1917

20,660
24,630
18,470
18,970
18,370

106
129
113
127
125

13,033
16,135
11,192
11,450
11,302

193
108
95
103
135

3,584
4,356
3,126
3,756
3,390

322
387
282
281
345

1,453
1,337
989
1,048
1,304

19181919
1920
1921..

18 580
19,925
20,940
14,890

129
155
164
157

12,041
11,421
13,440
7 954

203
199
188

3,324
4,850
3,013
3 735

339
384
451

999
1,155
1,251

fi12

684

10,135

U15 !

.

. .

1922, latest estimates...

19!A

(2)

1,070

2

'From private sources.

1922 acreage 12,496,000 compared with 11,976,000 in 1921.

WORLD PRODUCTION OF WHEAT.*
Country

Argentina.

Australia.

India.

United
States.

Spain.

Italy.

France.

New crop available..

January.

January.

March.

July.

August.

August.

August.

August.

Germany. Rumania. Canada. I
August.

September

Millions of bushels.
Normal c o n s u m p t i o n
(1909-1913)

64

37

301

157
114
169
173
80

85
103
25
179
152

351
312
377
323

1918..
1919..
1920..
1921..

184
172
214
170

115
76
46
146

1922, latest estimates

181

6 132

1909-1913 average.
1914
1915
1916
1917

..
.

1
a
J

531

136

236

361

221

34

110

687

183
170
171
177
140

317
283
223
205
135

152
146
142

87
49
89
78

637

130
116
139
152
143

a 82

197
161
394
263
234

370
280
377
250

921
968
833
795

136
129
139
145

183
170
141
193

*323

»86
«80
<S3
* 108

189
193
263
301

366

810

«126

6 235

6 70

891

2 187

2 110

•76

«77

4
Russia excluded. No accurate statistics are available.
New boundaries.
Excludes Alsace-Lorraine.
& Former kingdom, Bessarabia and Bukowina.
Excludes Dobruja.
• From private sources.
* Data compiled by U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, and corrected monthly in accordance with latest available information received
by that department or by the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. Countries are placed in the order in which crops are harvested-




182

WORLD PRODUCTION OF CANE SUGAR AND FLAXSEED.*
CANE SUGAR.
Java.

World
total.

YEAB.

May.

United

States.*

Brazil.

Oct.

Oct.

FLAXSEED.
Porto
Rico.

Nov.

Cuba.

Dec.

Hawaii.

Dec.

Argentina.

World
total.

India.

United

States.

Canada.

Jan.

India.

Apr.

Aug.

Aug.

Dec.

Thousands of short tons.
1909-1913 average..
9,971
1914.
. .
11,293
1915
12,776
1916
13,442
1917
14,508
13,324
1918
1919
13,799
13,656
1920
•13,672
1921
1922, latest est

13,145

Thousands of bushels.

1,514
1,054
1,797
2,009
1,960
1,478
1,473
1,579
1,708

311
247
139
311
246
284
122
176
236

»38
344
486
413
493
440
496
580
676

567
646
593
645
577
600
556
522
•549

363
346
484
503
454
406
485
490
•431

2,295
2,967
3,437
3,442
3,957
4,597
4,209
4,408
3,960

2,614
2,757
2,950
3,058
3,708
2,617
3,361
2,826
2,903

•1,708

328

676

548

431

•4,308

2,903

110,180
94,559
103,287
82,151
41,063
61,821
56,611
81,480
78,250

19,733
15,448
15,880
19,040
21,040
20,600
9,400
16,760
10,800

19,505
13,749
14,030
14,296
9,164
13,369
7,256
10,774
8,112

12,068
7,175
10,628
8,260
5,935
6,055
5,473
7,998
4,112

32,272

* Exports.

i Louisiana and Texas.

31,989
36,928
45,040
39,289
4,032
19,588
30,775
42,038
50,470

17,360

11,700

5,296

Spain.

Denmark.

Sweden.

128
168
143
124
149
156
149
168
158

154
170
140
151
144
141
141
181
259

»143

U54

»From private sources.

WORLD PRODUCTION OF BEET SUGAR *
World
total.*

United
States.

CzechoGerNetherm a n y . slovakia. Russia. Poland. lands.

Belgium.

France.

Italy.

1909-1913 average.
1914 . . .
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
.. .
1920
1921

8,432
8,331
6,056
5,808
5,208
4,592
3,490
4,997
4,376

1922 latest estimates

610
722
374
821
765
761
726
1,089
1,020

2,296
2,721
1,678
1,721
1,726
1,484
808
1,212
1,410

1,017
1,004
812
805
584
688
559
770
729

1,726
1,879
1,824
1,457
1,134
318
86
55
55

674

»1,709

»717

<•)

SSI

Thousands of short tons.

239
293
263
249
106
195
198

246
316
264
286
215
182
263
314
382

276
215
120
140
136
78
152
268
»315

759
334
159
204
221
121
171
370
318

160
162
120
185
150
240

116
112
117
139
154
169
91
104
135

>248

*303

«331

*496

«276

U32

279

»From private sources.

i Crops in all countries here given are harvested beginning in September.

3 Acreage about the same as 1921.

WORLD PRODUCTION OF RICE.*

New crop available

India.

Egypt.

United
States.

Italy.

Spain.

Japan.

Dutch i
East
Indies.

Philippines.

Apr.

World total.

Apr.

Aug.

Sept.

Sept.

Nov.

Dec.

Dec.

Millions of pounds (cleaned).

1909-1913.
1914 . . .
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1926
1921
1922 latest estimates
1

875

C7,891

Normal consumption (1909-1913)
110,780
102,986
114,500
112 300 1
122,000
97,400
117,200
90,777
117,280

646
741
763
708
716
712
662
997
640

14,602

518

72,950
61,022
73,526
77,932
81,198
55,218
71,613
62,793
73,907

553
81
542
237
487
692
607
634
472

681
657
804
1,135
965
1,072
1,166
1,446
1,014

73,907

»33

1,088

(4)

297
337
320
329
322
282
412
394
356

14,009
17,909
17,569
18,360
17,143
17,184
19,106
19,849
17,336
(»)

7,349
7,826

8,323
8,465
7,051
6,480
6,007

1,124
1,404
1,100
1,289
1,745
2,210
1,977
2,127
2,427

5,552

2,353

«About same as last year.
Java and Madura.
«1922 acreage 296,500 compared with 286,400 acres in 1921.
* Acreage about half of normal: Summer crop only given.
•Data compiled by U. 8. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, and corrected monthly in accordance with latest available
information received by that department or by the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. Countries are placed in the order
in which crops are harvested.




183

SOURCES OF DATA.
CURRENT PUBLICATION. 1

DATE OF PUBLICATION.

I.—REPORTS PROM GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS, FEDERAL, STATE, AND FOREIGN.
AUSTRALIAN COMMONWEALTH'S BUREAU OF CENSUS AND STATISTICS.
BANK OF JAPAN
BRITISH BOARD OF TRADE
CANADIAN DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
CANADIAN DEPARTMENT OF TRADE
AND COMMERCE.
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF ATLANTA.
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF BOSTON.
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CHICAGO.
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CLEVELAND.
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF DALLAS. .

Price index for Australia
Price index for Japan
Price index for United Kingdom
Price index for Canada
Employment in Canadian trade unions
Operations of Canadian employment service...
Foreign trade of Canada
Canadian railroad operations
Canadian iron and steel production
Wholesale trade
Savings deposits in First Federal Reserve
District.
Savings deposits in Seventh Federal Reserve
District.
Savings deposits in Fourth Federal Reserve
District.
Wholesale trade

Wholesale trade
Foreign exchange rates ana index
Savings deposits in Second Federal
District.
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF PHILA- Savings deposits in Third Federal
DELPHIA.
District.
Wholesale trade
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF RICH- Savings deposits in Fifth Federal
MOND.
District.
Wholesale trade
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF SAN Savings deposits in Twelfth Federal
District.
FRANCISCO.
Wholesale trade
FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD
Foreign exchange index numbers
Debits to individual accounts
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF KANSAS
CITY.
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF NEW
YORK.

FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION..
FRENCH MINISTRY OF LABOR AND
SOCIAL WELFARE.
INDIAN DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS...

Reserve
Reserve
Reserve
Reserve

Condition of Federal Reserve banks
Condition of reporting member banks
Money held outside U. S- Treasury and
Federal Reserve Systems to July 1,1922.
Wholesale price index numbers
Department store trade; in cooperation with
National Retail Dry Goods Association.
Index numbers of department store, mail
order and chain store trade.
Barley and rye receipts
Sales of loose leaf tobacco
Index of ocean freight rates,
Paper and wood pulp production, prices, etc..
Price index for France
Price index for India
Railway revenues and expenses
Telephone operating revenue and income
Telegraph operations and income
Express operations and income
Milk receipts at Boston
New York State factory employment and
earnings.
New York State canal traffic

Federal Reserve Bulletin
Federal Reserve Bulletin
British Board of Trade Journal..
Labour Gazette (Canadian).
Employment
Employment
Foreign trade of Canada
Operating Revenues, etc., of Railways *..
Press releases*
Business Conditions

Second week of month.
Second week of month.
Monthly.
Semimonthly.
Semimonthly.
MonthJy.
Monthly.

Monthly.
Monthly.
Monthly Review
Monthly.
Business Conditions.
Monthly.
Business Review
Monthly.
Business Conditions.
Monthly.
Business Conditions.
Federal Reserve Bulletin and daily state- Daily and monthly.
ment.*
|
Monthly Review
j Monthly.
Monthly
Business and Financial Conditions
Monthly.
Business and Financial Conditions
Monthly.
Business and Agricultural Conditions
Monthly.
Business and Agricultural Conditions
Monthly.
Business Conditions
Monthly.
Business Conditions
Monthly (second week of month).
Federal Reserve Bulletin
Federal Reserve Bulletin and weekly press Sunday newspapers and monthly.
Federal Reserve Bulletin and weekly press Friday morning newspapers and
releases.*
monthly.
Federal Reserve Bulletin and weekly press Friday afternoon newspapers and
releases.*
monthly.
Federal Reserve Bulletin
Monthly.
Monthly.
Federal Reserve Bulletin..
Monthly.
Federal Reserve Bulletin..
Federal Reserve Bulletin
Federal Reserve Bulletin..
Federal Reserve Bulletin..
Federal Reserve Bulletin.
Monthly press releases *...

j Monthly.
Monthly.
Monthly.
Monthly.
Newsprint, 20th to 25th of the month;
other paper and wood pulp, 1st of
following month.

Bulletin de la Statistique Generate.
Federal Reserve Bulletin
Second week of month.
INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION..
Preliminary statement of operations of Monthly.
Class I roads.
Not published
Not published
Not published
MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF
Not published
PUBLIC UTILITIES.
NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF
Labor Market Bulletin and press releases *. Monthly.
LABOR.
NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF
Yearly.
Annual report
PUBLIC WORKS.
PANAMA CANAL
Last weekly issue of month.
Panama Canal traffic
The Panama Canal Record
PENNSYLVANIA DEPARTMENT OF LA- Unemployment in Pennsylvania.
Semimonthly.
Semimonthly report *
BOR AND INDUSTRY.
Market Reporter»
I Last weekly issue of month or first
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE- Beef,pork, and lamb production.
BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.
of next month.
Monthly.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE— Prices of farm products to producer
Monthly Crop Reporter «
B U R E A U OF AGRICULTURAL Wool consumption and stocks
First weekly issue of month.
Market Reporter *
^
ECONOMICS
Crop production
Monthly Crop Reporter » and press Releases about 1st of month (cotton)
and 10th (other crops).
releases.*
Fourth weekly issue of month.
Market Reporter'..
Cold-storage holdings and fish frozen
Third weekly issue of month.
Market Reporter'..
Movement of cattle, hogs, and sheep.
Weekly.
Receipts of butter, cheese, eggs and poultry... Market Reporter»
Quarterly.
Market Reporter»
Production of dairy products
Third weekly issue of month.
Car lot shipments of fruits and vegetables
Market Reporter *
. . Reporter *
Monthly.
Farm labor, wages, supply, etc
Monthly Crop .
World crop production,
Foreign crops and markets*
j Weekly.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE- Total lumber production from 1913 to 1920
! Production of Lumber, Lath and Shingles. Yearly.
FOREST SERVICE.
Wood pulp production, 1914 and 1916
! Pulp wood consumption and Wood-pulp. Yearly.
Production.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE- Cotton ginned
Semimonthly during seaso
Preliminary report on ginnings *
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS.
Cotton consumed and on hand
S Preliminary report on cotton consumed... 15th of month.
Active textile machinery
Reports on wool machinery and on cotton 20th of month.
spindles.*
First week of month.
Leather, hides and shoes, production and Census of hides, skins, and leather *
stocks.
j
18th of month.
Cotton seed and cottonseed oil
i Preliminary report on cotton seed ,
Stocks of tobacco held by manufacturers and I Statement on stocks of leaf tobacco
j Quarterly (one month after end of
dealers.
'
> quarter).
* Multigraphed or mimeographed sheets.
i This is not necessarily the source of thefigurespublished in the SURVEY as many of them are obtained direct from the compilers prior to publication in the respective1 journals! This column and the right-hand column have been added to assist readers in obtaining current statistics between publication dates of the SURVEY.
Beginning Jan. 7,1922, combined into new publication called Weather, Crop*, and Markets, issued weekly.




184
SOURCES OF DATA—Continued.
CURRENT PUBLICATION:

DATE OF PUBLICATION.

I.—REPORTS FROM GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS, FEDERAL, STATE, AND FOREIGN—Continued.
Fats and oils, production, consumption, and
stocks.
Fabricated structural steel sales from April
1922.
Automobile production
Fish catch

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCEBUREAU OF THE CENSUS—Contd.

Statistics of fats and oils *.
Press release *

Quarterly (one month after end of
quarter).
15th of month.

1
20th of month.
Press release*
,
Monthly statement
Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce. | Last week of month.
All imports and exports
(Part I . ) 1
I
Tonnage of vessels, entered and cleared in Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce. ! Middle of next month.
(Part II.)
!
United States foreign trade.
Data on trade, employment and coal and iron Various foreign sources
j
production of foreign countries.
I Yearly.
Wholesale price of wool
, Wholesale Prices
Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce. ! Monthly.
Warehouse stocks of rice
i (Part II.)
1
| First weekly issue of month (MonVessels under construction and vessels com- | Commerce Reports
days).
pleted.
| Not published
Building material price indices

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE—
BUREAU OF FISHERIES.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCEBUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE.

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCEBUREAU OF NAVIGATION.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE—
BUREAU OF STANDARDS.
U. S. GRAIN CORPORATION
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF THE I N T E R I O R BUREAU OF MINES.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OFTHE I N T E R I O R GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.

Wheat flour production, prior to July, 1920
! No longer published
Refined petroleum products, production, etc.. i Refinery Statistics*
' Report on Portland cement output *
Portland cement, production, etc
: Weekly report on production of coal *
Coal and coke production
I Preliminary statistics on petroleum *
Crude petroleum, production, etc
Production of electric power *
Electric power production
Annual figures on non-ferrous metal produc- Mineral Resources
tion.
Number on pty roll—United States factories.. Industrial Survey *
Report of Activities of State and MuniciEmployment agency operations
pal Employment Agencies.
Immigration and emigration statistics
Not published

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR—EMPLOYMENT SERVICE.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR—BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR—BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Wholesale prices of commodities, including Wholesale Prices of Commoditiesfarm products, food, clothing, metals, etc.
Monthly Labor Review
Wholesale price index
I Monthly Labor Review
Retail price index of foods
I Monthly Labor Review
Retail coal prices
! Postal Savings News Bulletin
United States postal savings
i Statement of Postal Receipts *
Postal receipts
Government debt, receipts and disbursements. I Daily Statement of the U. S. Treasury
1
Federal Reserve Bulletin
Money in circulation from July 1, 1922
; Not published
Domestic receipt^ of gold at mint

U. S. POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT
U. S. TREASURY DEPARTMENT
U.

S. TREASURY DEPARTMENTBUREAU OF THE MINT.
U. S. TREASURY DEPARTMENT—BUREAU OF INTERNAL REVENUE.

U. S. WAR DEPARTMENT—ENGINEER
CORPS.
U. S. WAR DEPARTMENT—MISSISSIPPI
WARRIOR SERVICE.
WISCONSIN INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION.. .

Not published
Oleomargarine production
Consumption of manufactured tobacco, snuff, Statement of tax-paid products *..
cigars, cigarettes, and oleomargarine.
! Not published..
Iron ore movement
I Not published..
Sault Ste. Marie Canal traffic
I Not published.
Barge traffic on Mississippi River
Wisconsin factory earnings and employment.. Bulletin on Wisconsin labor market *

Second week of month.
20th of month.
Second or third weekly issue of
month (Saturdays).
25th of month.
End of month.
Annually.
First week of month.
Every 4 or 5 weeks.

Monthly.
Monthly.
Monthly.
12th of month.
7th of month.
Last day of month.
Monthly.

First week of month.

15th of month.

n.—REPORTS FROM TRADE ASSOCIATIONS AND PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS.
(Excluding individual firms reporting data to be combined with other firms or trade associations.)
Building costs
Sales of abrasive paper and cloth.
Corn ground into starch, glucose, etc.

ABERTHAW CONSTRUCTION CO
ABRASIVE PAPER AND CLOTH MANUFACTURERS' EXCHANGE.
AMERICAN MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION OF PRODUCTS FROM CORN.
AMERICAN BUREAU OF METAL STATISTICS.

Copper production
Silver production
Zinc production in Belgium
Zinc stocks in United Kingdom
AMERICAN FACT BRICK ASSOCIATION. Face brick production, stocks, etc
AMERICAN IRON AND STKEL INSTITUTE. Steel ingot production
Merchant pig iron production, etc
AMERICAN PIG IRON ASSOCIATION
AMERICAN RAILWAY ASSOCIATION Freight car surplus
(Car Service Division).
Freight car shortage

AMERICAN TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH Co.
AMERICAN WALNUT MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.
AMERICAN WRITING PAPER COMPANY.

Car loadings
Bad-order cars
Stockholders in the company

Construction trade papers.,
Not published
Not published..
Not published
,.
Not published
Not published
Not published
N ot published
7 th of month.
Press release to trade papers *
Not published
Summary of Car Surplusages and Short- Weekly.
ages.*
Summary of Car Surplusages and Short- Weekly,
Information Bulletin *
Information Bulletin *
Financial papers

Weekly.
Third week of month.
Quarterly.

Walnut lumber and logs

Not published.

Purchases and sales of paper

Not published

AMERICAN ZINC INSTITUTE

Production and stocks of zinc

Press release 10 trade papers *

15th of month.

ANTHRACITE BUREAU OF INFORMATION

Anthracite shipments and stocks

Statement of anthracite shipments *

15th of month.

ASSOCIATION OF LIFE INSURANCE
PRESIDENTS.
BOSTON CHAMBER OF COMMERCE

New life insurance business

Not published

Receipts of wool at Boston

Trade papers

Fabricated structural steel sales before April, Nc longer published
1922.
I Summary of operating statistics.
Number of tons carried 1 mile
! Not published
Average receipts per ton-mile
Summary of operating statistics.
Passengers carried 1 mile
Not published
Redwood lumber production, etc

BRIDGE BUILDERS AND STRUCTURAL
SOCIETY.
BUREAU OF RAILWAY ECONOMICS
CALIFORNIA REDWOOD ASSOCIATION.

CALIFORNIA WHITE AND SUGAR PINE j Sugar pine lumber production, etc.
ASSOCIATION.




Daily.

Monthly.
Monthly.

' Not published

j

* Multigraphed or mimeographed sheets.

1

1mports and exports of gold and silvtr in Part II.

185
SOURCES OF DATA—Continued.
CURBENT PUBLICATION.

SOURCE.

DATE OF PUBLICATION.

H.—REPORTS FROM TRADE ASSOCIATIONS AND PBITATE ORGANIZATIONS-Continued.
Daily.

CHICASO BOARD or TRADE.

Wheat, corn and oats, receipts, etc

Trade papers...

CONTAINER CLUB

Production of paper box board

Not published..

CREDIT CLEARING H O U S E . . .

Credit conditions

Credit

DAIRYMEN'S LEAGUE COOPERATIVE
ASSOCIATION, INC.
F. W. DODGE Co

Milk deliveries to milk plants

Not published.

Building statistics—Contracts awarded.

Statement on Building Statistics.

ENAMELED SANITARY MANUFACTURERS
ASSOCIATION.
FEDERATION OF IRON AND STEEL

Enameled sanitary ware

Not published

MANUFACTURERS (British).
FINE COTTON GOODS EXCHANGE

Weekly

Monthly.

,
Second week of month.

Trade papers

British iron and steel production
! Fine cotton goods production and sales.,

Trade papers
Not published

GEORGE A. FULLER COMPANY

Hotel and office building costs

ILLUMINATING GLASSWARE GUILD

Illuminating glassware production, orders, etc. Not published

I
JACKSONVILLE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE Turpentine and rosin receipts

Naval Stores Review

Weekly.

KNIT

Monthly report *

Monthly.

GOODS MANUFACTURERS

OF ! Knit underwear production, etc

AMERICA.

I

LEATHER BELTING EXCHANGE

Monthly report; not published)..

Sales of leather belting

Not published

MAPLE FLOORING MANUFACTURERS' !j Maple flooring production, e t c .
ASSOCIATION.
MCLEAN BUILDING REPORTS, L T D . . . Canadian building contracts

Canadian Building Review

MERCHANTS' EXCHANGE OF ST. LOUIS. Receipts and shipments of lead and zinc.
Mississippi River traffic.
MICHIGAN HARDWOOD MANUFACTUR- Hardwood and softwood lumber, production
and shipments.
ERS* ASSOCIATION.
MINNEAPOLIS CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. Linseed oil and oil-cake shipments

3d of month.

Monthly statements.

Production of paper-box board

Not published

Sheet-metal production and stocks

Not published

1913 figures for active textile machinery

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CORRUGATED AND F I B E R B O X MANUFACTURERS.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SHEET AND
TIN PLATS MANUFACTURERS.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WOOL
MANUFACTURERS.
NATIONAL AUTOMOBILE CHAMBER OF
COMMERCE.
NATIONAL BOTTLE MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.
NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL CONFERENCE

No longer published.

Production and shipments of passenger cars Traffic bulletin * (production figures not
published).
and trucks.
Not published
Glass bottle production index

NATIONAL RETAIL DRY GOODS ASSOCIATION
NATIONAL WOOD CHEMICAL ASSOCIATION.
!

Department store trad* {see Federal Reserve Federal Reserve Bulletin
Board).
Production of wood alcohol and acetate of lime. Not published

j Rice distribution through New Orleans
! Cotton receipts into sight
Canadian newsprint production, etc..

NEWS PRINT SERVICE BUREAU

NEW YORK COFFEE AND SUGAR E X - Coffee receipts,
CHANGE.
N E W YORK METAL EXCHANGE
i Stocks of t i n .

Second week of month.
21st of month.

Monthly press release

Cost of living

BOARDe

N E W ORLEANS BOARD OF TRADE
NEW ORLEANS COTTON EXCHANGE

Morthly.

Receipts and shipments at St. Louis.,
Not published
Not published

Monthly.
,

Monthly report

, First week of month.

Monthly report

, First week of month.

Monthly bulletin
Monthly statement

First week of month.

Trade papers

stocks, etc.

First week of month.

Not published

NORTH CAROLINA P I N E ASSOCIATION..

North Carolina pine, production, etc

NORTHERN HEMLOCK AND HARDWOOD
MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION.
NORTHERN PINE MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.
OAK
FLOORING MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.
OHIO FOUNDRYMEN'S ASSOCIATION. . .

Hemlock and hardwood lumber production, Not published
etc.
Northern pine lumber and lath
Not published
Oak flooring, production, etc

Not published

Ohio foundry iron production

Monthly report * (not published;

OPTICAL MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION.
PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD CO

Spectacle frames and mountings, sales, etc

Not published

Stockholders in the company

Financial papers

Quarterly.

PENSACOLA CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.

Turpentine and rosin receipts

Naval Stores Review

Weekly.

PHILADELPHIA MILK EXCHANGE

Milk receipts at Philadelphia

Not published

PULLMAN COMPANY

Pullman passenger traffic

Not published

REFRACTORIES MANUFACTURERS' A S SOCIATION.
RICE MILLERS' ASSOCIATION

Fire-clay brick production, ttc
Silicareceipts, stocks, etc
Rice brick production, etc

Not published
Not published

R O P E PAPER SACK MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.
RUBBER ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA. . . .

Shipments of rope paper sacks

Automobile tires, tubes, and raw material

SANITARY POTTERS' ASSOCIATION

Sanitary pottery orders

SAVANNAH BOARD OF TRADE

,

SAVINGS BANKS ASSOCIATION OF STATE
OF N E W YORK.
SILK ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA

Turpentine and rosin receipts
Savings banks deposits in New York State
Raw silk consumption, t t c

SOUTHERN PINE ASSOCIATION

Yellow pine production and stocks

STEEL
BARREL
MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.
STOKER MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION.

Steel barrel shipments
Sales of stokers

* Multigraphed or mimeographed sheets.




•

Monthly report
Not published
Monthly reports (not published)
Not published

Weekly.

Naval Stores Review
Not published
Monthly press release to tradt papers *
Not published in form used
Monthly reports • (not published)
Not published

,

5th of month.

186
SOURCES OF DATA—Continued.
CURRENT PUBLICATION.

DATE OF PUBLICATION.

n.—REPORTS FROM TRADE ASSOCIATIONS AND PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS—Continued.
STRUCTURAL STEEL SOCIETY

Sales of fabricated structural steel

Not published

TANNERS' COUNCIL

Leather production through May, 1922.

Not published

Milk production, Minnesota

Not published

Unfllledorders
Earnings
Stockholders
Wages of common labor
Printing activity

Pressrelease*
Pressrelease*
Financial papers
Special reports •
Typothetae Bulletin

TWIN CITY MILK PRODUCERS' ASSOCIATION.
U. S. STEEL CORPORATION

UNITED TYPOTHETAE or AMERICA
W I S T COAST LUMBERMEN'S ASSOCIATION.
WEBBING
MANUFACTURERS'
EXCHANGE.
WESTERN PINE MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.

Douglas fir lumber production, etc

Not published

Sales of elastic webbing

No? published

Western pine lumber production, etc..

10th of month.
Monthly.
Quarterly.
Occasionally.
Monthly.

Not published

DATE OF PUBLICATION.

m.—REPORTS FROM TECHNICAL PERIODICALS.
AMERICAN METAL MARKET

Composite pig iron and steel prices.

First or second week of month (daily).

THE ANNALIST

New York stock sales
New York closing stock prices
Foreign exchange rates, 1914 to 1918
State and municipal bond issues
Municipal bond yields
Visible supply oi wheat and corn
Bank clearings, United States and Canada.
Price index
Business failures, Canada
Price index for France

First weekly issue of month (Mondays).
Weekly (Mondays).
Weekly (Mondays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Weekly (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Second weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Monthly.

THE BOND BUYER
BRADSTREET'S

BULLETIN DE LA STATISTIQUE GENERALE
CHEMICAL AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING..

Chemical price index

Weekly (Wednesdays).

COAL AGE

Mine price of bituminous coal.

Weekly (Thursdays).

COMMERCIAL AND FINANCIAL CHRONICLF.

ENGINEERING NEWS RECORD

Cotton (visible supply)
Interest rates
Mail order and chain store sales
New York bond sales
New York bond prices
Mexican petroleum shipments
Business failures
Price index
Rand gold production
,
Silver prices
Construction cost and volume index..

Weekly (Saturdays).
Weekly (Saturdays).
Second or third weekly issue of month (Saturdays)
First week of month (daily).
First week of month (daily).
20th of month (daily).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Second weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Second weekly issue of month (Saturdays).

FINANCIAL POST

Canadian bond issues

Dow,

JONES & Co.

(WALL STREET JOURNAL)

DUN'S REVIEW
ENGINEERING AND MINING JOURNAL-PRESS

FRANKFURTER ZEITUNG

Price index for Germany.

HAY TRADE JOURNAL

Hay receipts

IRON AGE

First weekly issue of month.
Weekly (Thursdays).

Pig-iron production
Composite finished steel price
Iron and steel prices
Railway freight car orders

IRON TRADE REVIEW
LONDON ECONOMIST
MILK REPORTER
MODERN MILLER
NAVAL STORES REVIEW
NEUE ZURICHER ZEITUNG
NEW YORK JOURNAL OF COMMERCE

NEW YORK EVENING POST
NORTHWESTERN MILLER
OIL, PAINT, AND DRUG REPORTER
OIL TRADE JOURNAL
PRINTERS' INK
RUSSELL'S COMMERCIAL NEWS
STATISTICAL SUGAR TRADE JOURNAL
SYENSK HANDELSTIDNING




Monthly.
Weekly (Fridays).
First weekly issue of month (Thursdays).
Weekly (Thursdays).
Weekly (Thursdays).
First weekly issue of month (Thursdays).

Price index for United Kingdom

10th of month.

Milk receipts at Greater New York

Weekly.

Argentine visible supply of wheat and corn.

Weekly.

Turpentine and rosin, receipts and stocks..

Weekly (Saturdays).

Price index for Switzerland
Dividend and interest payments.
New capital issues
New corporations
Fire losses
Newspaper advertising
Flaxseed, receipts, etc
Argentine grain shipments
Wheat flour production for 1917
Price indices of drugs, oils, etc
Argentine shipments and supply of

First week of month (daily).
First week of month (daily).
F*rst week of month (daily).
10th of month (daily).
Not published.
,
flaxseed

Weekly (Wednesdays).
Weekly (Wednesdays).

,
,

Weekly (Mondays).
Weekly (Mondays).
10th of month (monthly).

Mexican petroleum shipments
Magazine advertising
Wheat flour production, from July, 1920
Sugar stocks, receipts, meltings, and Cuban statistics.
Price index for Sweden

Second week of month.
Weekly compilation (daily).
Weekly (Fridays).

INDEX.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (pp. 48 to 182) only. Items in the table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 25 to 47)
and in the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without the necessity of an index. Note that only the page
containing the index number tables is given here. Where the numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will always
be found on the page opposite the index numbers.
Page.

Page.

Abrasives, paper and cloth
98 Building contracts, Canada
169
Acetate of lime, production
101 Building materials, price index
145
Advertising, magazine and newspaper.. 134 Burlap, imports
51
American Telephone & Telegraph Co.,
Business failures
156
stockholders
158 Business indicators
3
American Wholesale Corporation, sales.. 136 Butter, production, receipts, prices,
Animal fats, production, consumption,
etc
120
and stocks
102 Canada:
Bank clearings, bonds and business
Apples:
Production (crop estimate)
107
failures
170
Stocks and shipments
110
Coal production
174
Argentina:
Employment
170,178
Flaxseed, shipments and stocks
180
Exports of key commodities
170
Foreign exchange rate
162
Foreign exchange rate
162
Grain, shipments and stocks
180
Foreign trade
170
Australia:
Iron and steel production
176
Employment
178
Paper, buildings, and railroad opPrice index
147
erations
169
Automobiles:
Price index
147
Production and shipments. . . ,
69 Canals, traffic through
128
Tires and tubes
70 Cane sugar, world production
182
Bad-order cars
130 Capital issues, new
154,156
Banks:
Cars, freight:
Clearings, Canada
170
Orders for construction
60
Clearings, condition and debits
152
Loadings, shortage and surplus
130
Barley:
Cattle:
Exports
Ill
Receipts, shipments, and slaughter. 114
Production (crop estimate)
107
Wholesale price
108
Receipts (market)
112 Cement, production, stocks, prices, etc . 98
Wholesale price
108 Cereals:
Beef, consumption, cold-storage holdExports
Ill
ings, exports, production, and prices.. 116
Production, United States
107
Beet sugar, world production
182
Production, world (wheat;
182
Belgium:
Shipments and stocks, Argentine . . 181
Coal production
174 Chain stores, sales
134
Employment
178 Cheese:
Foreign exchange rate
162
Cold-storage holdings
120
Metal production
176
Exports from Canada
170
Belting, leather, sales
72
Production, receipts, and prices
120
Bonds, issues, sales, yields, and prices.. 154 Chemicals:
Boots and shoes:
Exports, imports, and prices
100
Exports and prices
74
Price index
:
145
Production
72
Production, prices, wood consumpBottles, glass, production
86
tion, etc
101
Boxes, paper, production, etc
78, 80 Chile, foreign exchange
162
Brazil:
Cigars and cigarettes, consumption
126
Coffee, receipts and clearances
123 Citrus fruits, car-lot shipments
110
Foreign exchange rates
162 Clothing, cost of, index numbers.. 143.145
Bricks, production, stocks, etc
94 Coal:
Exports from United Kingdom. . . . 172
British India:
Exports from United States
64
Foreign exchange rate
162
Foreign production
*
174
Price index
148
Loadings
130
Building:
Production, stocks, and prices. . . . 64
Contracts awarded
82, 84
Costs
86 Coconut oil, production, consumption,
and stocks
104
Volume, index
86
(187)




Page.

Coffee, imports, stocks, and Brazilian
movement
123
Coke, production, exports, and prices.. 64
Cold-storage holdings:
Apples
110
Butter and cheese
120
Eggs, fish, and poultry
121
Meats
116
Common labor, wages
143
Condensed and evaporated milk
118
Condition, banks
152
Construction:
Contracts awarded, building. . . . 82. 84
Contracts, building, Canada........ 170
Cost and volume indices
^ . . 86
Copper, exports, prices, and productibn. 62
Copra, consumption, and stocks for oil.. 102
Corn:
Exports from United States
Ill
Production (crop estimate)
107
Receipts, shipments, grindings, and
visible supply
112
Wholesale price
108
Corn germs, consumption, and stocks
for oil
102
Corn oil, production, consumption, and
stocks
104
Corporations, new
156
Corporation stockholders
158
Cost of living
143.144
Costs, building construction
86
Cotton:
Consumption, exports, imports, receipts, stocks, etc
49
Prices
54
Spindles, active
53^ 54
World production
182
Cotton fabrics:
Cloth, exports
50
Consumption by tire manufacturers 70
Exports from United Kingdom
1V2
Fine goods, production and sales... 50
Knit underwear, production, etc... 50
Price wholesale, print cloth and
sheetings
54
Cotton yarn, price wholesale
$4
Cottonseed oil:
Production, consumption, and
stocks
104,10j6
Wholesale price
10*8
Cottonseed stocks
9*9
Credit conditions:
Indebtedness and orders, wholesale
trade
160
Payments, wholesale trade
159

188
I N D E X—Continued.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (pp. 48 to 182) only. Items in the table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 25 to 47)
and in the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without the necessity of an index. Note that only the page
containing the index number tables is given here. Where the numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will always
be found on the page opposite the index numbers.
Crops:
Page.
Cotton
49
Food crops, production
107
Prices, index numbers
145
Prices, producers' and wholesale... 108
Tobacco
126
Cuba, sugar movement
124
Customs, receipts
148
Czechoslovakia, coal production
174
Debits to individual accounts
Debt, II. S. Government
Denmark, employment
Department stores:
Sales
Stocks
Dividend and interest payments
Dress goods, wholesale price
Drugs and pharmaceuticals, wholesale
price index
Dyes and dyestuffs, exports from United
States
Earnings:
Express companies
Labor, Wisconsin factories
Railroads
Telephone and telegraph companies
Eggs, cold-storage holdings and receipts.
Elastic webbing, sales
Electric power, production
Emigration
Employment:
Canada
Employment agencies, State and
municipal
Factories
Foreign countries
Expenditures, U . S . Government
Exports. (See Foreign trade and individual commodities.)
Express earnings, revenues and income.
Fabricated structural steel, sales
..
Factories, employment in
Farm prices, index
Farm products, prices
Federal reserve banks, condition o f . . . .
Federal Reserve Board, price i n d e x . . .
Federal reserve districts:
Department store stocks
Dry goods, groceries, and hardware
sales
Savings deposits
Fertilizer, exports
Fiber, imports
Fish, catch and cold-storage holdings..
Fish oil, production, consumption and
stocks
Flaxseed:
Consumption and stocks for oil
Exports and stocks, Argentina
Receipts, shipments, and stocks...
World production




152
148
178
136
139
156
54
101
100
132
142
132
156
121
51
64
142
170
140
142
178
148

132
60
142
145
108
152
146
139
135
151
100
51
121
104
102
180
99
182

Page. Hides and skins:
Page.
Flooring, production, shipments, stocks,
Imports and prices
74
etc
92
Production and stocks
72
Flour, wheat:
Hogs:
Production,
consumption
and
Receipts, shipments and slaughter. 114
stocks
112
Wholesale price
108
Wholesale price
108 Housing, cost of, index numbers... 143,145
Food, cost of, index numbers.. 143.144,145
Ice cream, production
118
Foreign countries:
Illuminating glassware, production, etc. 86
Coal production
174
142
Employment
178 Immigration
Imports. (See Foreign trade and inMetal production
176
dividual commodities.)
Price comparisons
147
Incorporations, new
156
Foreign exchange rates and index num160
bers
162 Indebtedness, wholesale trade
India. (See British India.)
Foreign trade:
69
Canada
170 India rubber, prices and imports
Insurance, life, new business
149
United Kingdom
172
152
United States exports
166 Interest rates
Iron, foundry, Ohio
56
United States imports
164
Vessels in United States ports
128 Iron and steel (see also Pig iron and
Steel):
Forest products, car loadings
130
Exports, imports, production and
France:
prices
56, 58
Coal production
174
Exports from United Kingdom
172
Foreign exchange
162
Finished products,
production,
Iron and steel production
176
etc
58,60
Price index
147 |
I Iron ore movement, Sault Ste. Marie
Freight cars:
! Canals
56
Bad order, loadings, shortage and
Issues, new capital:
surplus
130
Corporations
156
Orders for construction
60
Municipalities
154
Freight rates, ocean
128
Fruits, car-lot shipments
110 Italy:
Foreign exchange
162
Fuel, cost of, index n u m b e r s . . . 143,145,146
Price index
147
Furnishings, cost of, index numbers. 143,146
Japan:
Gas and fuel oil, production and stocks. 68
Coal production
174
Gasoline, consumption, exports, proForeign exchange rates
162
duction and stocks
66
Price index
147
Germany:
Jobs, registered and applicants for
140
Coal and lignite production
174
Employment
178 Kerosene oil, production and stocks. . . 68
136
Foreign exchange rates
162 Kresge, S. S. Co., sales
Kress, S. H. & Co., sales
136
Glass, bottles and illuminating ware,
production, etc
86 Labels, paper, production and orders... 80
Labor, common, wages
144
Gold receipts, exports, imports, and
Rand output
168 Labor:
Earnings
142
Government finances:
Employment
140.142
Debt, receipts, and disbursements. 148
Postal receipts
134 Lamb and mutton, cold-storage holdings and production
116
Grains:
Exports
I l l Lead, receipts, shipments, and prices.. 62
Leather:
Exports and visible supply, Argentina
180
Belting, sales of
-72
Exports and prices
74
Loadings
130
Production and stocks.
'.
72
Production, United States
107
149
Production, world (wheat)
182 Life insurance, new business
Receipts, shipments, and visible
Light, cost of, index numbers. 143.145,146
supply
112 Lignite, foreign production
174
Greases, production, consumption and
Linseed oil:
stocks
102
Production, consumption and
Hay:
stocks
104
Production
107
Shipments
106
Receipts
110 Linseed-oil cake, shipments
106

189
I N D E X—Continued.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (pp. 48 to 182) only. Items in the table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 25 to 47)
and in the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without the necessity of an index. Note that only the page
containing the index number tables is given here. Where the numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will always
be found on the page opposite the index numbers.
Live stock:
Page.
Loadings
130
Prices, farm, index
146
Receipts, shipments and slaughter. 114
Living, cost of
143,145
Locomotives, shipments and unfilled
orders
60
Lubricating oil, production and stocks. 68
Lumber, production, stocks, prices,
etc
87, 88, 90
Luxemburg, iron and steel production. 176
McCrory Stores Corporation, sales
136
Magazines, advertising
134
Mail-order houses, retail sales
134,136
Meat and meat products, production,
holdings, consumption, and exports.. 116
Metal production, foreign
176
Metals, price index
145
Mexico, petroleum shipments
66
Milk, production, receipts, etc
118
Mississippi River, cargo traffic
128
Money in circulation
148
Montgomery Ward & Co., sales
136
Municipal bonds, issues and yields
154
Mutton, production, and cold-storage
holdings
116
Netherlands:
Coal production
174
Employment
178
Foreign exchange rates
162
New capital issues
156
New corporations... ;
156
New York State:
Canal traffic
128
Employment
142
Savings bank deposits
150
New York Stock Exchange, sales
154
Newspaper advertising
134
Newsprint paper:
Canada, production, etc
169
Production, exports, stocks, prices,
etc
76
Nitrate of soda, imports
100
Nonferrous metals, production, exports,
prices, etc
62
Norway, employment
178
Oats:
Exports
Ill
Production (crop estimate)
107
Receipts and visible supply
112
Shipments, Argentina
181
Wholesale price
108
Ocean freight rates
128
Ohio, foundry, iron, production
56
Oils:
Essential, wholesale price index... 101
Vegetable and
fish
104
Oleomargarine, production and consumption
106
Onions, car-lot shipments
110
Optical goods, sales and unfilled orders. 86




Page.

Ore, car loadings (see also Iron ore)
130
Owl Drug Co., sales
136
Panama Canal, traffic
128
Paper:
Boxes, corrugated and solid fiber .. 78
Folding boxes, labels and sacks
80
Newsprint
76
Production and stocks, other grades. 78
Payments, dividend and interest
156
Pay roll, New York and Wisconsin factories
142
Peanut oil, production, consumption,
and stocks
104
Peanuts, hulled, consumption and
stocks for oil
102
Penney, J. C. Co., sales
136
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, stockholders
158
Petroleum, crude, production, consumption, etc
66
Pig iron:
Prices, production, etc
56
Production, foreign countries
176
Poland, coal production
174
Postal receipts
134
Potash, imports
100
Potatoes:
Car-lot shipments
110
Production (crop estimate)
107
Pottery, sanitary, orders received
96
Poultry, receipts and cold-storage holdings
121
Power, electric, production
64
Price index (see also individual commodities) :
Bonds
154
Bradstreets' (wholesale)
147
Building and construction costs
86
Department of Labor (wholesale).. 145
Drugs and chemicals
101
Dun's (wholesale)
146
Farm products
145
Federal Reserve Board (wholesale). 146
Food, retail
145
Foreign
147
Stocks
154
Prices:
Brick
94
Butter and cheese
120
Cement
98
Coal and coke
64
Comparison, wholesale
Drugs and chemicals
101
Farm products
•
108
Flour
108
Hides and leather products
74
Iron and steel
58
Lumber
88, 90
Meats
16
Newsprint paper
76
Nonferrous metals
62

Prices—Continued.
page.
Petroleum
66
Pig iron
56
Rubber
69
Silver
168
Sugar
124
Textiles
54
Tobacco
126
Printing, activity and sales...:
76
Production. (See individual commodities. )
Public
finance
148
Railroad operations, Canada
169
Railroads:
Financial operations and traffic
132
Freight-car movement
130
Receipts, U.S. Government
148
Retail trade
134,136
Rice:
Exports, imports, receipts, shipments and stocks
122
Production (crop estimate)
107
World production
182
Rope paper sacks, shipments
80
Rosin, receipts and stocks
92
Rubber:
Consumption by tire manufacturers 70
Imports and prices
69
Rye:
Exports
Ill
Production (crop estimate)
107
Receipts
112
Wholesale price
108
St. Louis, lead and zinc movement
62
Sales, retail
134,136
Sales, wholesale, Federal Reserve districts
135
Salmon, canned exports from Canada.. 170
Sanitary ware, orders, shipments, and
stocks
96
Sault Ste. Marie Canal traffic
128
Savings deposits
150
Sears, Roebuck & Co., sales
136
Sheep:
Receipts, shipments and slaughter. 114
Wholesale price
108
Shelter, prices of, index number... 143,145
Ships, building and movement
60
Silk, consumption, imports, and stocks. 51
Silk, raw, wholesale price
54
Silver, exports, imports, receipts, and
prices
168
South Africa, coal production
174
Spectacle frames and mountings, sales
and unfilled orders
86
Steel:
Barrels and drums
60
Prices, production, etc
58
Production, foreign countries
176
Structural, sales
60
Stocks—sales and prices
155

190
I N D E X—Continued.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (pp. 48 to 182) only. Items in the table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 25 to 47)
and in the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without the necessity of an index. Note that only the page
containing the index number tables is given here. Where the numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will always
be found on the page opposite the index numbers.
Stockholders, corporations
Stokers, sales
Sugar:
Beet, world production
Cane, world production
Exports, stocks, prices, etc
Suitings, wool, wholesale price
Sulphuric acid:
Exports.
Wholesale price
Sweden:
Employment
Foreign exchange rates
Price index

Page.
158
60
182
182
124
54
100
101
178
162
147

Switzerland :
Foreign exchange rates
162
Price index
147
Tea, imports in United States
123
Telegraph and telephone, revenues and
earnings
156
Ten-cent stores, sales
136
Textiles:
Active machinery
52, 53
Cotton
49
Knit underwear
50
Silk and miscellaneous
51
Wholesale prices
54
Wool
48
Tin, imports, prices and stocks
62
Tires, production, stocks and shipments 70
Tobacco, production, exports, prices,
etc
126
Turpentine, receipts and stocks
92




Page.
Underwear, knit, production, shipments, orders, etc
50
Unemployment, Pennsylvania
142
United Cigar Stores Co., sales
136
United Kingdom:
Coal production
174
Employment
. . 178
Foreign exchange rates
162
Imports, exports, and r e e x p o r t s . . . 172
Iron and steel production
176
Price index
147
Zinc stocks
176
United States Government:
Debt, receipts, and expenditures. . 148
Postal receipts
] 34

Wheat—Continued.
Page.
Receipts, shipments, and visible
supply
112
Wholesale price
108
World production
181
Wheat flour:
Production,
consumption,
and
stocks
112
Wholesale price
108
Wholesale price comparisons
5
Wholesale sales, Federal reserve districts
135
Wisconsin, employment
142
Wood alcohol, production, stocks of
wood, etc
101
Wood pulp, production, consumption,
imports, and stocks
81
United States Steel Corporation:
Wool:
Earnings and unfilled orders
58
Consumption, imports, receipts,
Stockholders
158
and stocks
48
Vegetable oils:
Machinery, active
52, 53
Exports and imports
106
Price, wholesale
54
Production,
consumption, and
Woolens, exports, United Kingdom
172
stocks
104 Woolworth, F. W., Co., sales
136
Vessels, construction, cleared and
Workers, registered and placed
140
entered
128 World production:
Wages, common labor
143
Cotton and wheat
181
Ward, Montgomery, & Co., sales
136
Sugar, rlaxseed, and rice
182
Webbing, elastic, sales
51
Coal
175
Wheat:
Iron and steel
177
Exports and visible supply, ArgenWorsted yarns, wholesale price
54
tina
180 Zinc:
Price, production, ,stocks, etc
62
Exports from Canada
'
170
Production in Belgium
176
Exports from United States
Ill
Stocks in United Kingdom
176
Production (crop estimate)
107

o