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MONTHLY SUPPLEMENT TO COMMERCE REPORTS

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
WASHINGTON

SURVEY OF
CURRENT BUSINESS
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS

COMPILED BY
BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE

No. 9

MAY

:

BUREAU OF STANDARDS

1922

CONTENTS
Page.

iPage.

Summary for March
Business indicators (text)
Diagrams and table
Wholesale price comparisons (diagram and table)
Business conditions in March (text and diagrams)
Trend of business movements (table)
Detailed tables:
Textiles (Tables 1 to 8)
Metals (Tables 9 to 14)
Fuels (Tables 15 to 20)
Paper and glass (Tables 21 to 24)
Rubber and automobiles (Tables 25 to 26)
Hides and leather (Tables 27 to 30)

1
1
2
5
7
23
40
48
54
60
64
66

Detailed tables—Continued.
Building construction and materials (Tables 31 to 44)
Chemicals and fats and oils (Tables 45 to 48)
Food production and tobacco (Tables 49 to 64)
w
Transportation (Tables 65 to 70)
...
Distribution movements (Tables 71 to 75)
Labor and price indices (Tables 76 to 82)
Banking and finance (Tables 83 to 95)
Foreign exchange and trade of the United States (Tables
96 to 101)
Trade and industry of foreign countries (Tables 102 to 130)
Sources of data
Index

70
84
88
104
110
115
121
134
169
173

SUMMARY FOR MARCH.
The chief outstanding features of the March industrial figures are the marked increases in iron and steel
activity, the big increase in construction, and the improvement in the automobile and accessory business.
The first two of these are fundamental industries in
which a sustained increase is bound to be of more than
ordinary importance. Production in almost all lines
is on a distinctly higher level than it was a few months
ago. The security markets are reflecting confidence
in the future.

Business men, including those in the agricultural
districts, are more optimistic than at any time in the
preceding 18 months.
In estimating the present situation, the unsettled
world conditions must be taken into account. Reconstruction in Europe is far behind what it is in this
country. Domestic conditions give every reason to
expect a steady improvement in business, but with
the present foreign situation there is little likelihood
of any immediate boom movement.

BUSINESS INDICATORS.
The diagrams on the following page have been pre$&red to facilitate comparisons between a few of the
more important business movements. The lines are
plotted on what are known as ratio charts (logarithmic
scale). These charts show the percentage increase
and allow direct comparisons between the slope of
one curve and that of any other curve regardless of
what part of the diagram it is located in. That is, a
10 per cent increase in an item is given the same
vertical movement whether its curve is near the bottom or near the top of the chart.
The difference between this and the ordinary form
of a chart can be made clear by an example. If a
certain item has an index number of 400 in one month
100797°—22




1

and it increases 10 per cent, its index number will be
440, and on an ordinary chart, the next month would
be plotted 40 scale points higher than the preceding
month. Another movement with an index number
of, say, 50 also increases 10 per cent, making its index
number 55. On the ordinary (arithmetic) scale this
item would rise only 5 points, whereas the previous
item rose 40 points, yet each showed the same percentage increase. The ratio charts avoid this difficulty and give to each of the two movements exactly
the same vertical rise and hence the slopes of the two
lines are directly comparable. The ratio charts compare percentage changes, while the arithmetic charts
compare absolute changes.

BUSINESS INDICATORS.
(1913 monthly average*-100. See explanation on preceding page.)
BITUMINOUS COAL PRODUCTION.

PIG-IRO . PRODUCTION.
1820

1821

1980

1922

I9SI

1812

COTTON CONSUMPTION.
1820

i.OOO
•00

1021

1822

700

sm

600
600

900

X NUMBERS

200

1

o so
Z

Z 100
X 80
»* so
*
"

100

V-

TO

—j

\

60

f

A/

60

89

ao

iu

FREIGHT TON-MILES.
1921

IQ22

80

Hi

I92O

BANK CLEARINGS OUTSIDE NEW YORK
CITY (VALUES).

EXPORTS (VALUES).
1920

1921

1820

1.000
800
600

1821

(822

TOO

TOO

600

600
600

800

400

400

1

V

aoo
900

I

L

100
80
80
T(
60
C
O

^^-N

V

I
g 801
2 70
eo
eo

ao
ao

40

40
S
O

M

DEFAULTED LIABILITIES (VALUES).
1920

mo

1921

•0

PRICE OF 23 INDUSTRIAL STOCKS.

WHOLESALE PRICES.

1922

1920

1921

1820

1922

M
TO
O

TOO
600
600
400

A

/
P

100
80
60

f




I

88

/I

300
900

:x NUMB

Z
X
S
Z

\f
VI

60
80

80
TO
60

40
SO
80

1821

1822

BUSINESS INDICATORS.
The following table gives comparative index numbers for a selected list of important business movements. It is 3lieved that this
table will prove useful, because it separates out from the large mass of material a comparatively small number of it» i which are often
regarded as indicative of business in general.
The table has been divided into two parts, the first containing those items for which index numbers can be caleu >ted using 1913 as
a base. The second part contains items for which comparable data back to 1913 are not available. This latter group of index numbers
is calculated by letting the 1919 monthly average equal 100. Care should therefore be exercised in comparing the absolute value of the
two sets of data. In either group, however, the upward or downward trend of the index numbers, compared to previous months, does
reflect the present tendency in each item and will give a basis for business judgment.

COMMODITY.

1919

1922

1921

MONTHLY AVEEAGE.

1920 1921 Feb. Mar. Apr. May. June. July. Aug. Sept. Oct.

Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb.

Mar.

1913 monthly average—100,
Production:
Pig iron
Steel ingots
Copper
Anthracite coal
Bituminous coal
Crude petroleum
Wool (consumption)
Cotton (consumption)
Beef
Pork
Stocks:
Crude petroleum
Cotton (mills and warehouses)
Prices:
Wholesale index, all commodities
(Dept. Labor)
Retail food (Dept. Labor)
Retail coal, bitum. (Dept. Labor).
Farm crops (Dept. Agriculture) *..
Farm live stock (Dept. Agriculture).
Business finances:
Defaulted liabilities
Price 25 industrial stocks
Price 25 railroad stocks
Banking:
Bank clearings, New York City
Bank clearings, outside N. Y. City..
Commercial paper interest rate
Distribution:
Imports (value)
Exports (value)
Sales, mail-order houses

100

119

111

135

105

99

96

97

96

116

154

181

142

118

108

117

131

121

120

111

105

109

164

155

212

243

186

203

147

207

236

244

198

168

42

108

182

184

75

68

249

257

228

258

94

127

218

294

319

331

264

264

54
66
39
95
85
189
135
85
109
116

76
82
75
101
77
171
93
82
88
138

62
74
87
97
76
198
118
91
109
110

47
57
50
101
71
193
132
85
101
108

150
183

125
220

132

213

138
205

155
153
197
111
107

167
158
210
120
117

162
156
205
113
123

154
152
195
104
112

230
137
64

268
149
65

297
143
63

170
147
62

251

205
199
113

184
178
134

212
211
132

197

201

lt
f

188

131

120

140
181
188

144
235
173

169
187
244

170
164
203

159

42
47
19
108
85
195
145
96
104
128

34
38
17
92
76
194
132
85
101
110

37
54
21
94
87
198
145
97
118
94

38
55
21
93
88
176
155
101
119
87

49
76
24
99
110
172
168
103
125
99

55
78
22
90
90
183
163
109
114
118

153
178

159
156

160
145

163
172

164
206

168
223

175
223

148
144
191
106
104

148
148
193
109
109

152
155
193
109
113

152
153
193
111
101

150
153
192
98
98

149
152
190
98
92

149
150
189
98
91

152
131
61

188
127
64

189
121
64

163
128
65

234
130
64

235
135
66

214
196
117

195
188
111

185
189
103

199
196
102

203
209
97

124
163
159

119

130
177
159

120
157
188

48
60
24
101
83
203
141
91
101
116
147
194

151
145
191
109
109

148
65

137
160

157
133

64
67
18
78

64

64

79

75

82

112

25

37

61

82

89

115

77

94

103

126

203
159
106
99
133

208

197

227

153

158

176
108

109
111
144

123

187

199

210

203

188

171

148

151

142

142

182

179

100

112

95

108

152
139
179
114
117

385
140
66

325

320

143

149

213
201
90

234
212
89

219

195

189

166

85

84

126
166
222

141
142
211

159
143
217

145

144

135

121

175

161

171
156
211

65

315
154
70
237
200
83

I
1919 monthly average — 1OO.
Production:
100
Lumber *
100
Building contracts (floor space)
Stocks:
100
Beef
100
Pork
Business finances:
100
Bond prices (40 issues)
Banking:
Debits to individual accounts, out100
side New York City
Federal Reserve, bills discounted... 100
100
Federal Reserve, total reserves
Transportation:
100
Freight, ton-mile6

100
72

85
70

66
36

81
58

83
74

93
77

92

77

85
68

94
76

92
90

97
87

98
82

89
76

90
65

95
65

103
112

70
97

44
85

61
105

58
107

51
104

46
108

40
110

36
100

27
85

25
61

27
45

33
43

35
51

33
60

31
67

29
74

86

87

87

86

86

86

84

85

86

88

87

90

93

102

102

104

118
132
97

91
91
122

84
124
108

95
118
111

90
107
114

88
97
117

89
92
120

85
85
123

85
77
127

89
72
131

95
68
134

85
66
137

100
61
137

95
44
140

84
37
141

99
33
142

113

87

75

81

77

85

85

86

92

93

111

88

78

99

104

» Monthly prices are for the first of the month following.
* Based on the total computed production reported by 5 associations. Includes southern pine, Douglas fir, western pine, North Carolina pine, and Michigan hardwoods. The total production of these associations in 1919 was equal to 11,190,000,000 board feet, compared with a total lumber production for the country of 34,552,000,000
board feet reported by the census.







COMPARISON OP PRESENT WHOLESALE PRICES WITH 1920 AND PRE-WAR.
(Relative prices 1913-100.)
100
WHEAT
CORN
POTATOES
COTTON
COTTON SEED
WOOL
CATTLE, BEEP
HOG8
LAMBS
WHEAT. SPRING
WHEAT. WINTER
CORN. NO. 2
OAT8
BARLEY
RYE. NO 2
TOBACCO. BURLEY
COTTON. MIDDLING.
WOOL. OHIO. UNWA8HED

CATTLE, STEERS
HOOS. HEAVY
SHEEP. EWES
SHEEP. LAMBS
FLOUR. SPRING
FLOUR. WINTER
SUGAR. RAW
SUGAR. GRANULATED
COTTONSEED OIL
BEEF. CARCASS
BEEF. STEER. ROUNDS
PORK. LOINS
COTTON YARN
COTTON PRINT CLOTH
COTTON SHEETING
WORSTEO YARN
WOMEN'S DRESS GOODS
SUITINGS
SILK. RAW
HIDES. PACKER'S
HIDE8. CALFSKINS
LEATHER. SOLE
LEATHER. CHROME
BOOTS AND SHOES
COAL. BITUMINOUS
COAL. ANTHRACITE
COKE
PETROLEUM
PIG IRON. FOUNDRY
PIG IRON. BESSEMER
8TEEL BILLETS
COPPER
LEAD
TIN
ZINC
LUMBER, PINE, SOUTHERN
LUMBER. DOUGLA8 FIR
BRICK. COMMON. NEW YORK
BRICK. COMMON. CHICAGO.
CEMENT
STEEL BEAMS1
RUBBER. CRUDE
SULPHURIC ACID

200

INDEX NUMBERS
300
400

WHOLESALE PRICE COMPARISONS.—MAXIMUM PRICE COMPARED TO PRICE IN RECENT MONTHS.
NOTE.—Prices to the producer on farm products are from U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates. All other prices are from UJ8.
Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. As far as possible all quotations represent prices to the producer or at the mill. See diagram on opposite page.

COMMODITIES.

Date and maximum
relative price.

Jan.,
1932.

Feb.,
1922.

Mar-,
1922.

Relative price.

Per cent
increase
(+) or decrease (—)
in Mar.
over Feb.

(1913 average= 100.)
Farm products—Average price to producer:
June, 1920
Wheat
July, 1920
Corn
June, 1920
Potatoes
July, 1920
Cotton
May, 1920
Cottonseed.
July, 1918
Wool
May, 1919
Cattle, beef
July, 1919
Hogs
Apr., 1920
Lambs
Farm products—Market price:
May, 1920
Wheat, No. 1, northern, spring (Chicago)
May, 1920
Wheat, No. 2, red, winter (Chicago)
Sept., 1917
Corn, contract grades, No. 2, cash (Chicago)
June, 1920
Oats, contract grades, cash (Chicago)
Barley, fair to good, malting (Chicago)
.;. Mar., 1918
Mar., 1918
Rye, No. 2, cash (Chicago)
Mar., 1919
Tobacco, burley, good leaf, dark red (Louisville)
Apr., 1920
Cotton, middling upland (New York)
Jan., 1918
Wool, Ohio, J and f grades, unwashed (Boston)
Mar., 1919
Cattle, steers, good to choice, corn fed (Chicago)
July, 1919
Hogs, heavy (Chicago)
Apr., 1918
Sheep, ewes (Chicago)
Feb., 1920
Sheep, lambs (Chicago)
Food:
May, 1920
Flour, standard patents (Minneapolis)
May, 1917
Flour, winter straights (Kansas City)
May, 1920
Sugar, 96° centrifugal (New York)
May, 1920
Sugar, granulated, in barrels (New York)
July, 1919
Cottonseed oil, prime summer yellow (New York)
Sept., 1920
Beef, fresh carcass good native steers (Chicago)
July, 1920
Beef, fresh steer rounds No. 2 (Chicago)
Sept., 1919
Pork, loins, fresh (Chicago)
Clothing:
May 1920
Cotton yarns, carded, white, northern, mule spun, 22-1 cones (Boston)
Apr., 1920
Cotton, print cloth, 27 inches, 64 x 60-7.60 yards to pound (Boston)
May, 1920
Cotton, sheeting, brown, 4/4 Ware Shoals L. L. (New York)
Worsted yarns: 2/32's crossbred stock, white, in skein (Philadelphia)
, Jan., 1920
Oct., 1918
Women's dress goods, storm serge, all-whole, double warp, 50 inches (New York)
Suitings, wool, dyed blue, 55-56 inches, 16-ounce, Middlesex (Boston)
July, 1920
Silk, raw Japanese, Kansai No. 1 (New York)
Jan., 1920
Hides, green salted, packer's, heavy native steers (Chicago)
, Aug., 1919
Hides, calfskins, No. 1, country, 8 to 15 pounds (Chicago)
, Aug., 1919
Leather, sole, hemlock, middle, No. 1 (Boston)
, Mar., 1917
Leather, chrome calf, dull or bright, " B " grades (Boston)
, Nov., .1919
Mar., 1920
Boots and shoes, men's black calf, blucher (Massachusetts)
Fuels:
Coal, bituminous, Pittsburgh, mine run—Kanawha (Cincinnati)
, Sept., 1920
Oct., 1921
Coal, anthracite, chestnut (New York tidewater)
Coke, Connellsville (range of prompt and future) furnace—at ovens
, Aug., 1920
Mar., 1920
Petroleum, crude, Kansas-Oklahoma—at wells
Metals:
July, 1917
Pig iron, foundry No. 2, northern (Pittsburgh)
Pig iron, bessemer (Pittsburgh)
, July, 1917
July, 1917
Steel billets, bessemer (Pittsburgh)
Copper ingots, electrolytic, early delivery (New York)
, Mar., 1917
June, 1917
Lead, pig, desilverized, for early delivery (New York)
Tin, pig, for early delivery (New York)
, May, 1918
June, 1915
Zinc, slab, western, early delivery (New York)
Building materials and miscellaneous:
Lumber, pine, southern, yellow flooring, 1 x 4 , " B " and better (Hattiesburg district;
Lumber, Douglas fir, No. 1, common, s 1 s, 1 x 8 x 10 (State of Washington)
,
Brick, common red, domestic building (New York)
Brick, common building, salmon, run of kiln (Chicago)
Cement, Portland, net without bags to trade, f. o. b. plant (Chicago district)
Steel beams, mill (Pittsburgh)
Rubber, Para Island, fine (New York)
Sulphuric acid, 66 degrees (New York)




Feb.,
Jan.,
Feb.,
Oct.,
Sept.,
June,
Jan.,
Feb.,

1920
1920
1920
1920
1920
1917
1913
1916

0.0

326
300
706
312
321
344
183
256
239

122
74
193
129
134
108
81
92
120

148
89
197
133
138
134
86
110
145

148
92
190
133
150
150
93
121
167

+3.4
-3.7
0.0
+8.7
+11.9
+8.1
+10.0
+15.2

354
302
331
296
325
451
352
331
304
218
266
319
263

141
121
100
93
127
208
140
122
96
93
112
156

153
140
91
106
101
156
208
141
141
102
118
130
182

148
138
92
105
103
164
208
143
152
103
124
151
187

-3.3
-1.4
+1.1
-0.9
+2.0
+5.1
0.0
+1.4
+7.8
+1.0
+5.1
+16.2
+2.7

328
363
598
526
374
201
211
254

153
153
104
112
118
119
90
108

174
174
107
115
139
112
97
114

171
176
112
121
159
112
101
133

-1.7
+1.1
+4.7
+5.2
+14.4
0.0
+4.1
+16.7

348
478
427
289
292
291
466
283
490
211
473
308

148
168
160
165
145
184
186
90
73
121
173
217

142
163
160
167
145
184
180
87
73
124
173
217

143
173
157
161
145
184
166
76
72
124
158
213

+0.7
+6.1
-1.9
-3.6
0.0
0.0
-7.8
-12.6
—1.4
0.0
-8.7
-1.8

323
201
637
375

171
200
113
241

164
200
125
241

164
200
133
241

0.0
0.0
+6.4
0.0

346
335
388
230
261
224
386

133
126
109
86
107
87

130
125
109
82
107
68
83

131
125
109
81
107
65
86

+0.8
0.0
0.0
-1.2
0.0
-4.4
+3.6

455
407
381
251
195
331
124
250

182
125
232
170
148
99
24
80

189
136
255
170
148
99
20
80

178
125
248
173
148
96
20
80

-5.8
-8.1
-2.7
+1.8
0.0
-3.0
0.0
0.0

77

71




COMPARISON OF WHOLESALE AND RETAIL FOOD PRICE INDEX NUMBERS.
WITH INDEX OF ALL COMMODITIES AT WHOLESALE.
1916

1917

(U. 8. Department of Labor Index.)
1918
1919

1920

J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M

1921

1922

J J A S O N D J F M

BUSINESS CONDITIONS IN MARCH.
The following pages present a review by industries
of the more important statistics shown in the detailed
tables, with summaries of production, stocks, sales,
and prices:

COMPARISON OP P R E S E N T PRODUCTION WITH P R E - W A R .

(Relative production 1913=-100.)
100

PRODUCTION.

INDEX NUMBERS
200

300

WHEAT FLOUR

Out of 50 commodities for which figures relative to
1919 are available for the month of March, production increased over February in 43 cases, decreased
in 5 cases, while 2 commodities remained the same.
This huge increase is partially real and partially due
to the increase of about 10 per cent in working time
over February. The substantial character of the
March production is shown in comparison with a
year ago, with 35 increases and only 13 decreases.
The principal relative production increases in March
over February occurred in the fuels, metals and
building equipment groups.
Compared with the 1919 average, 26 commodities
were produced in greater volume in March, 21 in legs
volume, and 3 at the same rate. In other words,
March production stood at about the level of the
year 1919, with fuels and building equipment showing
the highest relative increases.

BEEF PRODUCTS

PORK PRODUCTS

OLEOMARGARINE

WOOL
(CONSUMPTION)
COTTON
(CONSUMPTION)

ANTHRACITE
COAL
BITUMINOUS
COAL
BEEHIVE COKE

CRUDE
PETROLEUM

COMPARISON OP PRESENT PRODUCTION WITH PRE-WAR.
RELATIVE PRODUCTION (1913=100).

Maxi- Mini- 1920 1921
miTm mum aver- aver- Feb., Mar., Feb., Mar.,
1921. 1921. 1922. 1922.
in
in
1920. 1921. age. age.
FOODSTUFFS:

Wheat flour1

182
81
308

87
67
64

94
121
111
67
253

104
109
116
78
148

179
123

74
76

118
117

135
85

. . .

109
132
72

Crude petroleum. - . . . . . .

191

78
71
6
121
171

97
116
62
242
181

95
85
17
157
189

118
135
99
138
85
42

54
66
39
62
80
54

105
287
90

134
143

Pork nroducts

.....

Oleomargarine'

.....

CLOTHING MATERIALS:

Wool (consumption)
Cotton (consumption)

FTJELS:

Anthracite coal
Beehive coke

METALS:

73
88

129

118
91

158
98

176
108

97
76
21
167
198

89
103
20
169
197

115
126
26
202
227

76

62

64

82
75
62
98
45

74
87
54
109
48

82
37
78
70
45

79
112
61
92
75
48

90
327
87

79
318

89
345

71
241
88

84
280
103

72
121
161
109
129
108
113

46
101
186
107
104
122
124

46
135
83
57
62
130
98

42
170
127
88

35
84
259
56
132
148
138

54
137
305
87
164
191
170

9
65
184 408
424 1,371

36
333
617

58

53

14
284
661

13
398
992

34

Zinc

167

38
17
50
68
38

119
349

73
231

114

68

90
186
229

26
24
64
53

157
132
146

56
95

TOBACCO:

Northern hardwoods
Oak flooring
"Baths, fvpaipel

.. . .

Sinks, enameL
TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES:

98

Automobiles passenger...
Motor trucks

COPPER

101

93
82
101
77
31
178
171

132

BUILDING MATERIALS AND
EQUIPMENT:

100
111

144
59
103

155

Cigars 8
Cigarettes*
Manufactured tobacco 2 . . .

94
109

110
85
180

Pig iron
Steel ingots

Gold

73
88

138
74
171

M A X I M U M 1920
MINIMUM 1921
Z Z Z Z 2 FEBRUARY 1922
• • • i MARCH 1922
• 1920 AVERAGE

77

81

96

68
124
130

SINKS. ENAMEL

LOCOMOTIVES
AUTOMOBILES.
fififififififififififififififififififififififififiiH

1 Relative to 1914.




* As represented by tax-paid withdrawals.

(7)

COURSE OF PRODUCTION SINCE

1919.

COURSE OF PRODUCTION SINCE

1919.

INDEX NUMBERS
too

goo

WHEAT FLOUR
BEEF PRODUCTS
PORK PRODUCTS
SUGAR (MELTINGS)
OLEOMARGARINE
COTTONSEED OIL
CONDENSED MILK

RELATIVE PRODUCTION (1919=100).

Maxi- Mini-i
mum aum 1920 1921
since ince aver- aver- Feb., Mar., Feb., Mar.,
end of end of age. age. 1921. 1921. 1922. 1922.
1919. 1919.
FOODSTUFFS:

Wheat flour
Beef products.
Pork products
Lamb and mutton
Sugar (meltings)
Oleomargarine *
Cottonseed oil
Condensed milk
Butter
Cheese
Ice cream

COTTON (CONSUMPTION)
WOOL (CONSUMPTION)
SOLE LEATHER
ANTHRACITE COAL
BITUMfNOUS COAL
BEEHIVE COKE
BY-PRODUCT COKE
CRUDE PETROLEUM
GASOLINE
ELECTRIC POWER

64
67
114
89
80
70
247
34
76
49
44

82
83
92
102
133
73
229
58
91
68
71

88
75
102
70
128
42
140

165
52
110

79
95
79

76
64
63

84
83
72

91
HI
78

100
124
78

101
121
110
122
117
123
99
116
124
113

99
89
30
79
124
130
83
127
104
105

105
81
55
90
112
118
84
115
103

101
79
36
85
130
127
87
119
103
105

92
107
35
86
130
121
86
120
98
107

119
131
46
102
149

132
140
83
126
129
181

119
121
94
105
100
88

54
59
37
47
95
113

76
74
71
46
116

63
66
83
41
129
100

64
74
35
59
82
94

128
116
119

112
84
94

96
96
91

95
101
100

76
71
92

90
92
108

113
121
153

94
121
98

99
67
88

20
63

101
57
38
71 I 149

113
53
153

204
156
118
111
161
120
202

121
122
102
86
105
91
106

78
109
79
60
88
57
123

11
92
57
68
117
57
55

12
120
147
52
84

19
90
108
49
72
44
171

15
135
107
49
118
67
202

114
132
143
138
129
142

110
121
109
117
104
104

89
86
87
79
65
89

90
76
98
78
42
53

94
83
118
74
49
75

85
101
82
90
86
100

103
119
119
106
100
116

130
127
121
157
124

106
120
100
125
104

40
63
100
122
69

66
81
34
65
87

63
83
41
101
68 i

47
68
51
64
81

65
84
93
100

199
170
118

149
112
110
72

120
127
122
70

71
136
96
36

78
129
128
58

152
154
135
65

189
199
166
112

114
102
89
67

93
46
50
30

72
42

79
49
20
11

111
74
17
2

125
109
151
110
165
126
349
121
177

64
67
58
58
40
26
7
20
64
41
42

82
92
93
80
104
103
100
76
99
111

DO
oo
153

114
126
95

57
42
63

109
83
82

119
137
127

63
74
11
62
104
98
71
93

CLOTHING:

Cotton (consumption)
Wool (consumption)
Sole leather

FUELS:

Anthracite coal
Bituminous coal
Beehive coke
By-product coke
Crude petroleum
Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas and fuel oil
Lubricating oil
Electric power

PIG IRON
STEEL INGOTS
COPPER
ZINC
CIGARS
CIGARETTES
MANUFACTURED TOBACCO

149
141
110
136
135
119

91
83
97
94
92
60
166
71

118

METALS:

Pig iron
Steelingots
Copper
Zinc
Silver
Gold

YELLOW PINE
WESTERN PINE
NORTH CAROLINA PINE
DOUGLAS FIR
CALIFORNIA REDWOOD
MICHIGAN HARDWOOD
OAK FLOORING

TOBACCO:

Cigars*
Cigarettes*
Manufactured tobacco 2 ...

LUMBER:

Yellow pine
Western pine
North Carolina pine
California white and sugar
pine
California redwood
D ouglas fir
Michigan hardwood
Northern hardwoods
Hemlock
O ak flooring

NEWSPRINT
ALL OTHER PAPER
MECHANICAL WOOD PULP
CHEMICAL WOOD PULP
SILICA BRICK
riRE-CLAY BRICK
FACE BRICK
CEMENT
GLASS BOTTLES

PAPER:

Newsprint
All other paper
Mechanical wood pulp
Chemical wood pulp 3
Corrugated paper board3 .
Solid nber paper board ..

BATHS. ENAMEL
LAVATORIES. ENAMEL
SINKS. ENAMEL
BUILDINGS (CONTRACTED)

STONE, CLAY, AND SAND PRODUCTS:

Silica brick
Clay firebrick
Face brick
Cement
Glass bottles

AUTOMOBILES PASSENGER
MOTOR TRUCKS
LOCOMOTIVES
SHIPS

BUILDING EQUIPMENT:

Baths, enamel
Lavatories, enamel
Sinks, enamel
Buildings (contracted for)

TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES:

Automobiles, passenger.
Motor trucks
Locomotives
Ships

^MAXIMUM SINCE END OF 1919
WWWm LATEST MONTH FEB. OR MARCH 1922
QZQMINIMUM

SINCE END OF

1919

1 PRODUCTION OF LATEST MONTH SAME AS MAXIMUM SINCE 1919
2 PRODUCTION OF LATEST MONTH SAME AS MINIMUM SINCE 1919
3 MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM SINCE JULY 1.1921
4 PRODUCTION OF LATEST MONTH SAME AS MAXIMUM SINCE 1921

Only 14 out of 50 commodities were below the 1921
average in March, while 28 were below the 1920 average. The decrease from 1920 occurred chiefly in
metals, clay products, and transportation vehicles. In
comparison with the 1913 average, 21 commodities
have increased and 10 have decreased, 5 of the decreases occurring among the metals.




1121
152
135
79

132
13

117
100
58

1 Since July 1,1921.
As represented by tax-paid withdrawals.
3 Relative to last 6*months of 1919.

3

March production established new high records
since the end of 1919 in sugar, anthracite coal, crude
petroleum, yellow pine and North Carolina pine
lumber, oak flooring and enamel baths and lavatories.
On the other hand, March made a new low record in
ship construction at only 2 per cent of the 1919
average.

STOCKS.

Movement of commodity stocks during March
showed little change from February. There were 14
decreases, 15 increases, and 2 without change. The
food commodities had a smaller decrease than in February—7 decreases, 4 increases, and 2 unchanged, as
against 9 decreases and 3 increases during February.
Among the other commodities there were 12 increases
and only 5 decreases—about the same as in February.
Business concerns are apparently replenishing their
stocks, confident that prices will not go much lower
and that demand will increase beyond the hand-tomouth basis prevailing for some time past. Corn and
petroleum stocks again climbed to new high levels,
while tin stocks more than doubled during the month.
Compared with a year ago, stocks in March still
showed the same proportion as in February—10 increases as against 20 decreases, not including tobacco,
which is reported only quarterly. The food group
showed 4 increases and 9 decreases and other commodities 6 increases and 11 decreases. Outside of the
food commodities, only 4 articles were below the 1919
average stocks, while coffee and flaxseed alone were
below the 1913 average.
COURSE OF COMMODITY STOCKS SINCE 1919.
INDEX NUMBERS
400
900

STOCKS OF COMMODITIES COMPARED WITH PRE-WAR.

RELATIVE STOCKS (1913=100).

1921
1920
average. average.

Wheat (visible)
Corn (visible)
Coffee
Cotton (total)
Crude petroleum 8
Pig iron (merchant)
Zinc
Tin
Oak flooring
Cement 1
Tobacco
Flaxseed

Maximum
since
1919.

COTTONSEED OIL

9

SINCE

1919.

Minimum 1920 1921 Feb., Mar., Feb., Mar.,
since aver- aver- 1921. 1921. 1922. 1922.
1919. age. age.

25
38
31
44
23
28
108
12
35
(*)
101
12
65

70
97
183
110
127
89
174
89
99
82
146
181
159

44
85
324
157
171
93
622
81
79
101
145
162
159

61
31
58
67
107
105
34
458
705
172
181
120
117
274
282
91
48
146
718 1,024 1,300
34
41
37
39
45
(*)
1
52
176
164
125
127
178
210
197
204
239

136
106

61
83

95
88

111

134

130

114

105

189
173
153
173
162

101
61
109
75
81

104
98
126
89
85

143
134
134
151
143

119
144
143
129
125

126
151
149
130
138

190
173
111
171
161

200

146
247
528

39
72
130

60
108
332

132
212
232

136
208
349

143
219
342

114
171
139

112
161
304

143
277
115
181
272
301
95

127
161
103
140
170
50
31

53

129
234
107
153
193
179
78
89

137
276
98
173
217
280
59

122

102
59
81
107
102
29
21
34

78

137
277
108
155
228
301
84
86

128
200
88
170
269
135
73
103

129
195
88
176
263
167
90
122

175
122
143
138

71
65
55
64

97
74
78
63

125
112
108
99

164
109
101
113

175
119
118
113

116
115
82
99

118
122
90
106

132
1,578

92
29

124
Beef products.
Pork products
. . . . . . 129
T^amb ftn^ prmtton
928
Sugar (raw)
287
321
Cottonseed oil
184
Wheat (visible)
1,482
Corn (visible)
174
Butter
Cheese
156
Eggs
186
Coffee
177
391
Apples
360
Rice (domestic)

Crude petroleum
Gasoline
Kerosene.
Gas and fuel oil .

SUGAR < RAW)

76
321
126

FOODSTUFFS:

W o o l Cr»OTTiTnprf»ial^
FUELS:

LAMB AND MUTTON

72
158

RELATIVE STOCKS (1919=100

Cotton (total)

PORK PRODUCTS

194
607
6S
171
210
71
148
167
312
123
145
ft

210
533
77
188
198

* Relative to 1914.

OF COMMODITIES

CLOTHING MATERIALS:
BEEP PRODUCTS

Mar.,
1922.

Feb.,
1922.

69
420
108
212
132
90
202
188
444
107
147
92

95

i Relative to stocks at end of 1913.
STOCKS

1921.

130
294
100
220
125
86
192
192
443
102

134
255
89
183
150
84
195
127
375
91
131
74

127
71
89
155
109
. 38
99
183
258
80
114
33

Mar.,

Feb.,
1921.

....

WHEAT (VISIBLE)

29
74
34
287
100
135
1,482
14
39
23
103
111
190

METALS:

CORN (VISIBLE)

Pi? iron fmprrhftTit^

Zinc
Tin

BUTTER
CHEESE

CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL:

EGGS

Yellow pine
Oak" flooring
Silica brick
Face brick
Cement 1
Baths (enamel)
Lavatories (enamel)
Sinks (enamel)

COFFEE
APPLES
COTTON (TOTAL)
WOOL (COMMERCIAL)
CRUDE PETROLEUM

PAPER:

Newsprint
All other paper
Mechanical wood pulp
Chemical wood pulp

GASOLINE
ZINC
TIN

OTHER AGRICULTURAL
DUCE:

Tobacco (total)
Flaxseed

YELLOW PINE'
OAK FLOORING

PRO-

132
102 117
550 1,242 i*578" 1,534 "*i49*

129
96

SILICA BRICK

i Relative to stocks at end of 1919.

FACE BRICK

* Index number less than 1.

CEMENT

PRICES.

BATHS(ENAMEL)
LAVATORIES (ENAMEL)
SINKS
NEWSPRINT
ALL OTHER PAPER
MECHANICAL WOOD PULP
CHEMICAL WOOD PULP
TOBACCO (TOTAL)




| M A X I M U M SINCE 1919
I LATEST MONTH FEB. OR MARCH 1922
QB5539 M I N I M U M SINCE 1919
* M A X I M U M SINCE 1919 SAME AS LATEST MONTH

Prices to the farmer for crops and for live stock continued to rise, especially the latter. Wholesale prices
rose slightly, due to the rise in the wholesale prices of
crops and animal products. Clothing and metals
declined slightly. The Federal Reserve Board index
for foreign comparison rose on account of the rise in
the price of exported goods, but Dun's and Bradstreet's indices declined.

10
Ketail prices continued to decline in March, all
groups showing the same trend, with a total decrease
of 2 per cent in the cost of living. The retail prices of
food and shelter declined the most.
Wholesale prices in England, France, and India rose
slightly in March, ending the declines that had been
practically continuous since the slight rise last September. In Canada and Japan prices continued to
decline.
Taking the individual wholesale prices as reported
in the table and diagram on pages 4 and 5, the
marked rise in live stock to producers is evident, while
among the crops there were two increases, one decrease,
and two unchanged. The market price of farm products showed increases in all commodities except wheat
and oats, which declined, and tobacco which remained
unchanged. In the food group increases were also
general. The clothing group, on the other hand,
reflected declines in all branches, except cotton yarns
and print cloth, which advanced, and woolen goods,
which were unchanged; the chief declines were in hides
and leather. An increase in coke was the only change
in the fuel group, while metals were irregular in a
narrow range. Declines in lumber featured the building group.
SALES.

The following table on sales of various commodities
has been prepared to give a closer aspect of business
needs—actual sales as against production, which may
represent orders booked some months before. The
sales statistics for commodities also give an indication
of future production. The separate commodities covered in this table are few and in most cases relatively
unimportant, as the sales can only be reported where
trade associations supply the data; but the figures may
be found to be of some interest. In addition to the
orders of separate commodities booked by manufacturers (included in the first group in the table), the
distributive movement of goods as a whole is shown
through various channels to the consumer. There has
also been shown the actual sales of services, such as
transportation, communication, and advertising, in
which sale and use run practically together, and also
the sale of investment and speculative securities.
Some of the items, marked by an asterisk (*), are
relatives based on values instead of quantities, and
therefore generally dependent on fluctuations in the
purchasing power of the dollar, i. e., the level of prices,
as well as the fluctuations of sales of physical goods.
Therefore, a decline during the past year does not
necessarily represent a decline in the physical amount
of sales. A rough corrected figure, eliminating the
price variation, might be obtained by dividing each
item in such series by the wholesale or retail price
index number, whichever most nearly corresponds




with the class of business done. In a few items expressed in value no correction is necessary for comparison, because there has been little or no change in the
price for the goods or services—for instance, postal,
telegraph, and telephone receipts. Bond sales on the
New York Stock Exchange are really not based on
value, because sales of bonds are not reported in their
value at the time of sale, but on their par value; therefore, bond sales represent physical quantities. On the
other hand, new issues of municipal bonds, unless for
refunding purposes, reflect the price level, as the work
for which they are issued requires a larger bond issue
when prices are high.
February sales increased in March for all the individual commodities reported except sanitary pottery,
which remained the same as in February, and clay
fire brick, which declined. Distribution movement
increased considerably and the services so far reported
for March also show the same trend. Securities sales
also increased.
Compared with a year ago, all March sales for individual commodities increased at an enormous ratio,
in most cases doubling the March, 1921, figures.
Distribution sales at retail, however, showed a decline,
due largely to the decrease in prices between the two
dates; wholesale orders increased. March postal receipts and advertising services increased over a year
ago. Sales of securities were also very much larger.
COMPARISON OP SALES IN DIFFERENT LINES OF BUSINESS.
RELATIVE SALES (1919 = 100)

Maxi- Minimum mum 1920 1921 Feb., Mar., Feb., Mar.,
since since aver- aver- 1921. 1921. 1922. 1922.
end of end of age. age.
1919. 1919.

INDIVIDUAL COMMODITIES:
2

Pig iron (merchant)
351
Structural steel
178
115
Baths, enamel
130
Lavatories, enamel
110
Sinks, enamel
124
Sanitary pottery
234
Oak flooring
142
Redwood lumber
174
Clayfirebrick
129
Leather belting .
Abrasive paper and cloth, 148
E lastic webbing
129
147
Paper
168
Printing* .
143
Optical goods*

14
27
12
27
25
7
23
21
33
35
40
25
71
106
47

97
101
53
73
65
34
54
77
120
98
111
87
127
148
114

34
66
59
77
73
43
119
74
45
42
65
81
89
121
73

18
27
30
65
50
21
45
45
40
40
46
59
75
130
76

23
54
42
73
68
32
108
85
33
43
58
74
79
130
82

59
82
70
93
81
52
136
97
70
42
84
83
109
122
78

118
145
91
130
108
52
199
121
61

107
136
242

62
50
82

99
102
118

87
71
124

86
65
93

84
92
121

90
61
101

95
80
119

145
154
125

95
114
98

113
123
120

113
147
106

104
131
98

124
145
112

111
150
91

132

135
162

84
91

109
122

98
110

90
96

99
108

75
93

144
129

58
85

122
114

78
103

88
89

89
109

80
90

91
111

Stocks
110
178
Bonds
Muncipal bonds (new)*... 359
122
Life insurance...

35
67
63
87

72
105
118
120

55
94
179
102

39
71
114
96

61
72
167
115

62
100
133
103

87
136
186
122

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT:
1

Wholesalers
Mail-order houses*.
Chain stores*
SERVICES:
Postal receipts*
Telephone receipts*. .
Telegraph tolls
Railroad revenue—
Passenger* . . . .
Freight*

ADVERTISING:

Magazine
Newspaper

....

SECURITIES:

* Items based on value.
1 Relative proportion of orders to total transactions.
2 Relative to 1914.

106

TEXTILES.

Keceipts of wool at Boston increased considerably
in March, owing to the seasonal increase in receipts
of foreign wool; domestic receipts declined. Total
imports of wool also showed the increased foreign
wool movement. Consumption of wool was 12 per
cent greater than in February and the largest since
January, 1920. Worsted machinery showed a decrease of about 15 per cent in activity from the previous month, but woolen machinery and carpet looms
were about 5 per cent more active than in February.
Prices of wool increased, yarns declined, and dress
goods and suitings remained unchanged.
CONSUMPTION BY MILLS AND IMPORTS OF WOOL.

1
90

+•

i
70

\

£

\

\

|i
1
|

1
11
\

—».

LJL_ J

I
f

\

»

%

V
y

—\

/

\
1

/1
/

V

\

1 '1
1

A
/7
y
A

l

\

"1/

/

/

Y

J

|/

30

L

S r
"

K

1

t! 40
2

SO

\
\

1

80

i

AVERAGE

|

m

I
1921

OCT.

MONTHLY

SEPT.
OCT.
NOV.

1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 192

MAY
§ JUNE
8 JULY

10

iu

2
192

Cotton consumption in March was about the same
as in January, and also about equal to the daily average for February. Stocks of cotton continued to
decline in a seasonal movement. Imports increased
slightly and exports finally recovered from their
slump with a gain of 36 per cent over February, while
exports of cotton cloth gained almost 50 per cent.
Although a less number of spindles were active than
in February, the total activity of spindles increased 9

per cent. Slight advances in price took place all
along the line in cottons, except sheetings, which
declined.
Knit underwear production continued to increase
and shipments also gained. New orders declined and
a reduction took place in the outstanding unfilled
orders at the end of March.
Silk imports continued to decline, but consumption
increased, resulting in another fall in stocks. The
price of raw silk declined 8 per cent.
Imports of burlap and of unmanufactured fibers
showed large increases over February.
METALS.

The iron aiid steel trade made a big forward movement in March, with increases of 25 and 36 per cent,
respectively, in the production of pig iron and steel
ingots. Sales of merchant pig iron doubled, and production, shipments, and unfilled orders of merchant
iron made considerable gains. Stocks in merchant
furnaces declined but steel plants increased their holdings of pig iron. Exports of iron and steel products
were 55 per cent larger than in February, and imports
also increased. Unfilled orders of the United States
Steel Corporation made a positive increase after declining regularly since July, 1920. Foundry-iron
production in Ohio continued to increase. Price
changes in iron and steel were almost negligible except
a drop of 10 cents per 100 pounds in structural steel
beams.
PRODUCTION OF PIG IRON AND STEEL INGOTS, AND U. S. STEEL
CORPORATION'S UNFILLED ORDERS.

EXPORTS AND CONSUMPTION or COTTON.

M O N T H L Y AVERAGE

M O N T H L Y AVERAGE




1922

1920

1921

1922

Production and shipments of sheets increased 22 per
cent each, while sales were 135 per cent larger than in
February, and unfilled orders almost doubled. Unsold
stocks declined. The steel barrel report for March
showed good increases in production, shipments, and
unfilled orders. Structural steel sales rose 77 per cent
in March. Shipments of locomotives from factories
declined slightly.

12

AGRICULTURAL PUMPS.

1922

14,725
11,601
11,336
2i5
628
$163,691

\
\

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\

1

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12,165
13,587
10,666
193
939
$183,181

V

/
1

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V

8

MILLION

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16

10

11

FEB.
MAR,

JUNE
JULY
AUO.
SEPT.
OCT.

FEB.

AVERAGE

DEC.

MONTHLY

OCT.

o
1913 J9I4 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 192

jANr
FEB.
MAR.
APR.
MAY
JUNE

6

PRODUCTION OF ANTHRACITE COAL.

1 |

A

A

8

A?

l\ l\A A A\

A1

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Vy

FOREIGN SHIPMENTS.

February.

I
h
M //
1

I

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II
h

1922

March.

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7

/\

.

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March.

80
187
260
21
$1,374

51
511
1,022
50
5
$7,430

1 Single cylinder double acting pumps, up to and including 6-inch stroke.
2 Including complete units and pumps shipped separately.

FUEL AND POWER.

In anticipation of the coal strike, the production of
coal and coke rose to the highest marks reached in
over a year, anthracite showing a larger production
than in any previous month since 1919. Electricpower production was about the same as in January
and December but larger than in February. The
amount of anthracite coal held by producers continued to decline, but was almost 150 per cent larger
than a year ago. Exports of both anthracite and
bituminous coal increased, while coke exports declined.
Coal prices were virtually unchanged, both wholesale
and retail, while coke was slightly higher.
Production and consumption of petroleum increased
in March to new high records, imports were the
highest on record with one exception, and stocks rose
to the highest point since the war. Exports of
gasoline rose to the highest point since January, 1921.
The report of refined petroleum products for February
showed a decline in production in each case but an
increase in stocks of each product. Gasoline consumption declined in Febraury.




\
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2

ii

1

1913 1914 1916 1916 1917 1913 1919 1920 192K ^
M O N T H L Y AVERAGE:

%Z

!i

JUNE
JULY
AUG.
SEPT.
OCT.

Pitcher pumps
Other hand and windmill pumps.
Separate cylinders
Agricultural power pumps i
Hydro-pneumatic outfits 2
!
Totalvalue
|

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§

February.

y

45

,1

V

60

m

OCT.
NOV.

DOMESTIC SHIPMENTS.

PRODUCTION OF BITUMINOUS COAL.

8

Copper production rose 65 per cent in March to the
highest point since April, 1921, and exports increased
53 per cent, reaching a mark not surpassed since May,
1920. A slight decline took place in the price of electrolytic copper.
Zinc production rose 18 per cent, attaining the
highest point since December, 1920, while stocks, continuing their decline, reached the lowest point since
October, 1920. Receipts at St. Louis increased, but
shipments from St. Louis continued to decline. A
slight increase occurred in the price of zinc.
Imports of tin increased 70 per cent and resulted in
an increase of 120 per cent in stocks during March.
The price of tin declined slightly.
Lead receipts at St. Louis showed a marked increase
in March, while shipments made a slight gain. No
change occurred in the price of lead.
The following figures on the shipments of agricultural pumps are furnished by the National Association of Farm Equipment Manufacturers from data
compiled by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
The figures are based on reports from 15 firms, except
for the item of " Total value/' on which only 14
firms reported.

1921

1922

PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION, IMPORTS, AND STOCKS OF PETROLEUM.
7
KM)

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f

80

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140

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IMPORTS

—I—

1913 1914 1916 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920
MONTHLY AVERAGE

11s

"TttT'"
l92

..*...

' z - „ , (£,£>-£>] d £ H > o
4Ss<S? ? < IBOZO
1920

S2<sli<»SzoiSa
1921

1922

13
AUTOMOBILES.

HIDES AND LEATHER.

Production of passenger automobiles increased 40
per cent in March over the preceding month, while the
output of trucks was 50 per cent greater. Truck
production amounted to 19,422 machines. This is
the largest output recorded in any of the nine months
for which figures are available. The passenger car
output amounted to 152,920 cars in March, which is
by far the largest for any month since last August.
Reports of shipments showed increases over February
corresponding to the increase in production.
RUBBER.

Imports of rubber declined slightly in March, but
consumption by tire manufacturers was the largest
reported since the inauguration of these statistics in
November, 1920, except for August, 1921. The
price of rubber declined slightly.
Production of both pneumatic and solid tires for
March was second only to August, 1921, while innertube production was exceeded by only three previous
months. Shipments of all kinds of tires were large,
but not as numerous as during the summer months
of 1921. Stocks of inner tubes increased to the
highest mark recorded, while pneumatic stocks were
the largest since February, 1921. Stocks of solid
tires decreased slightly.
The following table has been prepared from data
compiled by the Rubber Association of America,
showing rubber consumption for the year 1921 by
half-year periods. Over half of the rubber consumed
during the year went into pneumatic casings, with a
total of 197,244,011 pounds, while automobile tubes
accounted for 55,930,802 pounds and solid automobile tires used up 19,706,505 pounds. The chief
consumption in other lines was in rubber boots and
shoes, with 24,747,242 pounds, and in mechanical
rubber goods, with 21,778,150 pounds.

Imports of total hides and skins in March amounted
to 30,344,000 pounds, compared with 35,390,000
pounds in February. However, imports were 50 per
cent greater than at this time last year. Stocks of
hides at the end of March amounted to 350,350,000
pounds and were the lowest for any months in the
last year and a half for which reports are available.
Decrease occurred in cattle hides and sheepskins. The
price of heavy packer hides showed a sharp decline,
compared with recent months. Calfskins showed only
a slight drop in price.
STOCKS OP CATTLE H I D E S (PACKER) AND PRODUCTION AND STOCKS
OF LEATHER (SOLE AND BELTING).
400

I—

rz
tz
tz
JZ

350

II

t
t

it

it
jr

300

it
it
it

250

^ /

1/

1

200

\ *

100

50

Total,
1921.

Stocks on hand beginning period Imports

Pounds.
•134,021,774
161,956,907

Pounds.
164,008,320
255,316,397

Pounds.
+134,021,774
417,273,304

Total supply....
Stocks, end of period..

*295,977,681
164,008,320

419,324,717
212,284,800

551,295,078
212,284,800

103,889,941

176,364,704

280,254,645

28,079,420

37,255,994

65,335,414

131,969,361

213,620,698

345,590,059

Reported consumption:
By manufacturers of tires and tire
products
By manufacturers of other rubber
products
Total..

•Calculated by adding figures on reported consumption for first half-year to
3tocks on July 1 and deducting imports to get stocks on January 1. This same
method applied to the second half-year made a discrepancy of only 6,600,000 pounds;
the consumption calculated from import and stock figures amounting to 207,039,917
pounds, as against a reported consumption of 213,620,698 pounds.




SOLE-LEATHER PRODUCTION
1- —I
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920

Second
half-year.

roc KS

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First
half-year.

'H£*

150

fc
u

CRUDE R U B B E R SITUATION FOR 1921.

£3

T
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1 922

Leather production for March, from trade sources,
showed a marked increase in the output of oak and
union harness leather. The total of 78,100 stuffed
sides was the largest reported since the fall of 1920.
There was a slight decline in the production of sole
leather, but an increase in skivers.
Figures compiled by the Bureau of the Census show
that stocks of leather at the end of March were the
largest for any recent month, although sole and belting
declined slightly. The production in March increased,
reaching in the case of upper leather the highest point
recorded in these monthly figures.

14
Exports of finished leather showed a marked increase in March. The total for upper leather amounted
to 8,078,000 square feet and was the largest since
May, 1920. Prices of sole leather remained unchanged in March, but chrome calf declined nearly 9
per cent.
The March production of boots and shoes totaled
29,686,011 pairs, compared to 24,900,185 pairs in
February. The following table gives the total boot
and shoe production by months since last November,
when the Bureau of the Census undertook to compile
them. The 1919 monthly average is also given for
comparison.
BOOT AND SHOE PRODUCTION.
Pairs.
27,549,497

191&-Monthly average
November
December

1921.

23,592,610
24,241,773

January
February
March

1922.

Pairs.
25,173,437
24,900,185
29,686,011

BUILDING OPERATIONS.

Building contracts awarded in the 27 northeastern
states in March totaled $293,673,000, compared to
$177,473,000 in February and $164,092,000 in March
of last year. The total floor space in all buildings
awarded in March, exclusive of public works and public utilities, amounted tc 51,957,000 square feet. This
latter record has been exceeded only once within the
last two years.
VOLUME OP BUILDING CONTRACTS AWARDED, BY CLASSES.
MILLIONS OF SQUARE FEET
1919

MONTHLY

AVERAGE
1920 M O N T H L Y
AVERAGE

_

MAY

2 JUNE
JULY
AUGUST
SEPTEMBER
OCTOBER
NOVEMBER
DECEMBER
JANUARY
§} FEBRUARY
"~ MARCH




The chief increases occurred in residential building,
with a total floor space of 30,348,000 square feet, or
84 per cent greater than March. Industrial buildings
increased 72 per cent in floor space and 126 per cent
in value, compared to February. Contracts awarded
for public buildings, educational buildings, business
buildings, social and recreational buildings, all increased in both floor space and in value, compared
with the preceding month and the same month last
year.
The accompanying diagram on the volume of contracts awarded shows the large increase in residential
building and the decline in business and industrial
building, compared to the early part of 1920.
BUILDING MATERIALS.

In general, the March production and shipments of
all building materials were larger in volume than for
recent months and much larger than a year ago.
Southern pine production increased nearly 15 per cent
over February. Western pine production increased
41 per cent. North Carolina pine output rose about
3 per cent and oak flooring increased 18 per cent.
Douglas fir and Michigan hardwoods remained practically stationary. Prices of both Southern pine and
Douglas fir declined at the important producing centers. Stocks, where reported, remained about stationary.
Production of clay fire brick increased 23 per cent
in March and slightly exceeded the output of March
last year. Shipments increased in about the same
proportion, while stocks were nearly stationary. New
orders received were slightly less than in February,
but the total unfilled orders were larger.
Silica brick showed about the same conditions as
clay fire brick, except that shipments made a smaller
relative increase.
The March production of face brick increased 84
per cent over February and compares very favorably
with the output in any month of last year. Shipments
and unfilled orders both showed large increases, while
stocks were slightly greater, compared either with
February or with March of last year.
Cement production amounted to 6,685,000 barrels,
or 56 per cent greater than in February. Shipments
amounted to 7,002,000 barrels, and were more than
double the corresponding movement in any of the
three preceding months. Stocks showed a slight decrease in March but are still larger than for any month
of 1921.
Shipments, stocks, and new orders for enamel sanitary ware all increased in March, compared with
February. Actual shipments of baths and lavatories
were from 60 to 140 per cent greater than a year ago.
With the exception of sinks, stocks were considerably
smaller than a year ago.

15

INSPECTED SLAUGHTER, CONSUMPTION, AND COLD-STORAGE HOLDINGS OF BEEF PRODUCTS.

\
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AUG.
SEPT.
OCT.

mm

"

1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 I92I Z ^ ff a
MONTHLY AVERAGE
% iU I <

FEB.
MAR.
APR.

60

a

922

1920

INSPECTED SLAUGHTER, CONSUMPTION, EXPORTS, AND COLDSTORAGE HOLDINGS OF PORK PRODUCTS.

J

I.IGO

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8

/
/

900

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400

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200

100

1

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MONTHLY AVERAGE

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1913 1914 1916 1916 1917 1918 19 9 1920 1921

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/

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FEB.

300

1

M

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600

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AUG.
SEPT.
OCT.

2
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DEC.

OF POUNDS

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MAR.
APR.

Of

-

Increases of good size were shown both over February, 1922, and March, 1921, in the March figures of
receipts, shipments, and slaughter of cattle. Exports
of beef products were over 40 per cent ahead of both
the previous month and a year ago, while storage
holdings continued to decline and were only half as
large as in March, 1921. A decline in inspected
slaughter occurred in February and consumption of
beef was also less than January; both slaughter and
consumption were greater than in February, 1921,
however. Prices of cattle and beef advanced slightly.
Receipts and total shipments of hogs declined in
March but stocker and feeder shipments were 19 per
cent greater than in February. Slaughter declined
slightly. Exports declined but storage holdings continued to increase. Inspected slaughter and consumption both declined in February; compared with a

J

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160

MEATS.

y

/ £

400

CEREALS.

Receipts of wheat declined in March but shipments
increased. The visible supply again made a seasonal
decline, but was three times as large as a year ago.
Exports were 30 per cent larger than in February but
slightly smaller than in December and January and
considerably less than a year ago. Production of
wheat flour continued to rise slightly. The price of
wheat declined slightly and flour was irregular.
Corn movement was very much less than the large
movement in February but the visible supply continued to increase to a new high record. Exports also
reached a new top mark. The price of corn advanced
fractionally.
Large increases occurred in the export movement of
oats and barley, while rye declined. Prices of oats
were less than in February but increases were made
in barley and rye.
Car loadings of all grain and grain products declined
20 per cent from February, but were larger than a
year ago. Exports of grains increased 18 per cent
and were larger than any month since last September.

p\

460

APR.
MAY

Exports of vegetable oils increased slightly in March,
but were far below a year ago. Imports, however,
were very heavy, the largest since April, 1920. Consumption of oleomargarine was larger than in February, but less than any other month since last July.
Stocks of cotton seed continued to decline sharply
and were about one-third as large as a year ago. Production and stocks of cottonseed oil declined seasonally and were very much less than a year ago.
The price of cottonseed oil advanced 14 per cent over
February.
Flaxseed receipts increased. Stocks declined heavily
and shipments of linseed oil rose slightly. Shipments
of linseed oil cake declined 40 per cent from February.

year ago, slaughter was less but consumption considerably larger. Prices of hogs increased 4 per cent and
pork rose 17 per cent in March.

MIL

FATS AND OILS.

921

1922

OTHER FOODSTUFFS.

For lamb, receipts and total shipments increased
slightly but stocker and feeder shipments made a
decline of 15 per cent from February. Slaughter
showed a slight increase and cold-storage holdings
were about the same. Inspected slaughter for February was less than in January and also less than a year
ago. Prices of ewes increased 16 per cent and lambs
increased 3 per cent.
Exports of condensed milk increased 25 per cent
over February, and receipts of all dairy products
showed large increases, especially eggs. Cold-storage
holdings of butter and cheese made a seasonal decline,

16
while eggs started their seasonal accumulation.
Prices of butter and cheese declined slightly.
Imports of sugar continued to increase but the domestic cane-crop receipts almost came to an end.
Meltings at refineries increased 29 per cent and still the
stocks of raw sugar climbed 67 per cent over the end
of February. Exports of refined sugar increased 80
per cent over February and made a new high record
since the end of 1919. Prices of sugar rose slightly.

RELATIVE PRODUCTION OF CIGARS, CIGARETTES, AND MANUFACTURED TOBACCO.
(Average monthly production in 1913=100.)

/

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IMPORTS, MELTINGS, AND STOCKS OF RAW SUGAR.

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550

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1921

1922

Tonnage of vessels entering and clearing from
United States ports in foreign trade increased 15 and
21 per cent, respectively, exceeding both January and
February. The number of vessels under construction
at last showed an increase, but the number of vessels
completed declined to the lowest point since the war.
ENTRANCES AND CLEARANCES OF VESSELS IN U. S. FOREIGN
TRADE, AND SHIPS UNDER CONSTRUCTION.

ll

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1920

1

1921

^^

1922

Coffee imports declined 10 per cent in March.
Stocks, both United States and world, also showed a
decrease, as did receipts in Brazil. Clearances from
Brazil increased, however. Tea imports increased
after two months of marked declines.
TOBACCO.

All classes of manufactured tobacco gained in production of about 17 per cent over February, while exports of unmanufactured tobacco increased 29 per
cent. Stocks increased 14 per cent over the previous
quarter and were slightly smaller than a year ago.
The price of tobacco continued to remain stable.




..]

WATER TRANSPORTATION.

60

1919 1920 I92lZDdjf
MONTHLY ^ a l
AVERAGE

o

1920

TONS

r

ll

400

f
1
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450

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1913 1914 1916 1918 1917 1918 I919L 1920 I921- O
MONTHLY AVERAGE
<£

500

v

.

1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 IS!20 1921
MONTHLY

AVERAGE

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RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION.

Surplus of idle cars continued to be reduced in
March, declining over 15 per cent during the month
and standing at less than half the December figure.
The chief decline was in coal cars on account of the
demand for coal before the strike occurred. Shortage
of cars reported decreased slightly. The number of
bad order cars also showed a slight decrease after
several months of increase. Car loadings continued
to gain and were the largest since last October.

17
SHORTAGE, SURPLUS, BAD-ORDER, AND TOTAL LOADINGS OP FREIGHT
CARS.
1.000

1 |

1''

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960

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750

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880

Wisconsin employment was the largest since February, 1921, while New York employment figures for
March was not exceeded since December, 1920. Pay
roll total increased more than the number employed
as regards New York State, but declined in Wisconsin. Unemployment in Pennsylvania continued to
diminish.
Immigration showed a further fall as the quotas
for the fiscal year ending June 30 approach their
limit. Emigration was also very much less than in
February.

» 600
0

RELATIVE TREND OF EMPLOYMENT,

560

1

°
0

BY DISTRICTS.

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1917

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1919

MONTH LY

*

/

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1920

1921

AVERAGE

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AUQ.
SEPT.
OCT
NOV.
OEC

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at

February reports showed a further increase in
freight receipts, a decline in passenger receipts, and a
slight gain in operating revenue. Operating expenses
continued to decline to the lowest point since 1919,
but net operating income was the lowest since May
1921, except for January.

Y

/

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i i H I I it

i i I

1921

MAP SHOWING

1922

DISTRICTS IN EMPLOYMENT

CHART.

LABOR.

Employment conditions were definitely better in
March, with the largest total employed reported since
February, 1921.
IMMIGRATION,

EMIGRATION,

AND IMMIGRATION

S

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19

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1916

1917

MONTHLY

1918

1919

1930

AVERAGE

1921 j
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OHIO

V

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VA.

JT

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT.

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1930

100797°—22

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QUOTA.

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1922

Mail order sales increased 31 per cent over February
and were the largest since the December holiday
trade. Sales of chain stores increased 17^ per cent,
most of the large stores showing about the same relative gain. The wholesale trade of the American
Wholesale Corp. increased 23 per cent.

18
Magazine advertising, with an increase of 13 per
cent, was the largest month since December, 1920.
Newspaper advertising, with a 24 per cent gain during
the month, was barely less than the Christmas advertising last fall.
SALES OP MAIL-ORDER HOUSES AND CHAIN STORES, AND POSTAL
RECEIPTS.

]

1

II

\

\
\

4/
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s
—

%
\

Ik

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s\J
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i

but slightly less than a year ago. Earnings of the
United States Steel Corporation reflected a progressive
increase. The issue of corporation bonds was the
largest since January, and new incorporations increased 24 per cent over February. February revenue
and income of both telephone and telegraph companies declined; telephone companies showed an increase
from February, 1921, while the gross business of the
telegraph companies was less, though net income
increased. Credit reports showed increased orders
and payments in March and decreased indebtedness.
FAILURES AND LIABILITIES, BY MONTHS.

%
\\
1922

— •

1813 1914 1016 1010 1917 I9I& 1919 1920 1921.
MONTHLY AVERAGE

PUBLIC FINANCE.

Further progress was made in March in the reduction
of the interest bearing debt of the United States. A
considerable reduction in Liberty and Victory Loan
bonds occurred during the month, the largest in any
month since June, 1920. Customs receipts continued
to increase but total ordinary receipts for March,
comprising chiefly the first quarter's income tax
payments, were 40 per cent less than in March, 1921.
Ordinary disbursements of the Government were considerably higher than in January or February but less
than a year ago. A slight increase took place in the
amount of money held outside the Treasury and the
Federal reserve system,
BANKING AND FINANCE.

Debits to individual accounts and bank clearings
increased from 22 to 23 per cent over February in
New York City, while outside New York City the
increase was slightly less. Discounts of the Federal
reserve banks continued their steady decline, while
notes decreased slightly and reserves increased a bit.
The reserve ratio was fractionally higher than in February. Member banks of the Federal reserve showed
slight declines in both loans and deposits. The call
loan rate declined to 4.35 per cent and the commercial
paper rate was slightly lower at 4.8 per cent. Savings
deposits in the postal savings system declined slightly,
as did those in the banks of the Chicago district, but
the Philadelphia district showed an increase. New
life insurance business in March showed an increase of
19 per cent in oolicies and 18 per cent in amount of
insurance.
Business failures in March showed an increase in
respect to the number of firms, but a decrease in liabilities. Dividend and interest payments were large




Stock prices advanced about 3 per cent in March,
while sales showed a tremendous increase. Bond
prices advanced 1.6 per cent and sales increased in
almost as large a proportion as stocks. The number
of stockholders in large corporations continued to
increase during the past quarter, the increase in foreign
holders being quite regular in all companies. Brokers7
holdings of United States Steel common stock increased with the advance in the price of the stock.
Gold receipts at the mint increased slightly in
March. The Rand output for the first quarter was
only one-third of the same period last year, on account
of the strike. Imports of gold continued to increase,
while exports were very small.

19
Production of silver increased in March but was
still considerably less than a year ago. Imports
exceeded exports in March, thus reversing the February
condition. The price of silver declined slightly.

TK
I A . . L ...

zoo

17

eoo

FOREIGN EXCHANGE.

EXPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES.

IMPORTS ANE

5 600

Outside of slight declines in the Asiatic and Swiss
exchanges and a continued slump in German marks, z
most foreign exchange rates rose during March. I
France, Italy, and Chile showed the greatest increases.
In spite of this condition, the foreign exchange index
of the Federal Reserve Board declined, on account
of the relatively heavy weighting of the German
exchange.

_ 400

d

300

HZ

/
/

/

100

\
\
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4-

I'll/

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„
U$_i__3SL: t ^

1913 1914 1916 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 ± ^
0

M NHY A E A E
OTL
VRG

L

L.

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71

200

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t >_. Z_:___. i_ __ _ _ _
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±

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---=i

. v g > d f c ^ >• d | z '_ g

\ - I \ \ \ t 3S_ _ S 1B - f l l 53SS ! 8 111! I
1080

1921

1922

MONTHLY MINERAL PRODUCTION INDEX.
There are now available for the first time monthly
figures which can give a current index of the mining
production of the United States. All important
minerals produced may be shown on a monthly basis,
except natural gas, and these products—bituminous
coal, anthracite coal, petroleum, iron ore, copper, lead,
zinc, gold and silver—represented over 88 per cent of
the total value of mineral products, according to the
census of 1909, and 87 per cent in 1919.
In forming an index of mining productivity, official
annual figures are obtainable on a prewar basis, while
monthly figures for the past two years are used from
whatever source compiled. The index is weighted
arithmetically by adjusted average values for the years
1909-13, and these years are taken as 100 in calculating relative figures.

Copper.—Annual figures through 1920 are from the
U. S. Geological Survey, representing smelter production from domestic ore. Monthly figures for 1920 are
compiled from data prepared by the Engineering and
Mining Journal and prorated to agree with the annual
figures. Monthly figures beginning with 1921 are
from the American Bureau of Metal Statistics, which
agree closely with preliminary official figures for the
year 1921; the 1921 annual figure is taken from the
American Bureau of Metal Statistics.
lead.—Annual data are from the U. S. Geological
Survey, representing the output of refined primary
lead from domestic ores except antimonial lead.
Monthly data beginning with January, 1921, are from
the American Bureau of Metal Statistics and are prorated to the 1921 official figures and the same ratio
used for 1922.
SOURCES OF MATERIAL.
Zinc.—Annual data are from the U. S. Geological
The selection of the individual series was taken as
Survey, representing the output of primary zinc from
near to the mine as was available, and production data
on mining include the output of outlying territories domestic ores. Monthly figures are calculated by
as well as continental United States. Explanations of substracting from the data of the American Zinc.
Institute on primary production, the zinc contents
individual sources follow:
Petroleum.—These data are taken entirely from of imported ores and concentrates. The monthly
annual and monthly reports of the U. S. Geological figures do not exactly add to the yearly totals of the
Geological Survey, but are not prorated, as that would
Survey and represent crude petroleum marketed.
Coal, bituminous and anthracite.—These data are throw out the comparison with the months of 1922.
compiled by the U. S. Geological Survey and represent Geological Survey annual figures are taken in order
to give true comparison with previous years.
shipments from the mines.
Gold.—Annual production of gold is compiled by
Iron ore.—The yearly data are from the U. S.
Geological Survey, representing production of iron the Bureau of the Mint and the Geological Survey.
ore. Monthly figures are shipments of iron ore Monthly figures are compiled by prorating receipts of
through the Sault Ste. Marie Canal as reported by the unrefined gold by the Bureau of the Mint to cover total
War Department. These shipments average about 80 production. The Mint receipts represented about 40
per cent of the total United States production and are per cent of the 1921 gold production.
extended to 100 per cent to agree with the actual proSilver.—Annual production is compiled by the
duction for the year. During the winter months there Bureau of the Mint and the Geological Survey.
are no shipments on account of the closing of naviga- Monthly figures are from the American Bureau of
tion, but production also ceases to a large extent at Metal Statistics. They do not quite agree with the
that time, and therefore the shipment figures are fairly yearly total of the Geological Survey, but are not
close indicators of the production movement.
prorated. (See comments on zinc above.)




20
(American Economic Review, Vol. XI, No. 1). Except in the years 1914 and 1919, both of which were
Choice of weights was made after obtaining the
years of great change in industrial status, the exaverage values for the five-year period 1909-1913 as
treme difference in any one year between the highest
reported by the Geological Survey, making allowances
and the lowest of these three annual indices is about
for the lower values shown by the census of 1909 in
2 per cent. In 1914 and 1919 the extreme difference
respect to some metals—lead, zinc, and silver—on
is 6 per jcent, with the Department of Commerce index
which the Bureau of the Census takes a mine value,
midway between the other two in each case. The
whereas the Geological Survey gives a market value
chief difference between the Department of Comfor the refined metal. No change was made from the
merce index and Day's index is the use of iron ore in
Geological Survey values where these did not differ the Commerce index instead of pig iron and coke>
materially from the Census data in 1909. The values while Stewart's index includes the same commodities
given, by sources, and the weights finally used are as the Commerce index and, in addition, a few minor
given below:
articles that are not available on a monthly basis—
pyrites, quicksilver, salt and sulphur ore. The variaAverage Value,
tions between the two are evidently largely in
monthly 1909 (Geo- Value,
1909
value,
logical
Final
weighting.
1909-1913. Survey). (Census). weighting.
The chief difference between the Department of
Millions of dollars.
Commerce index and the monthly index of the Federal
Reserve Board (Federal Reserve Bulletin, Vol. 8, No.
401
405
40
" B i t i i T n i n n n s C^al
- ... . . . . . .
40
149
149
14
14
A n t h r a c i t e C«ft1
..
.......
3) is in the use of iron ore instead of pig iron and the
118
128
Petroleum . . . .
13
13
107
110
10
Iron ore
10
addition of gold and silver. The use of iron ore makes
135
142
13
Copper
13
30
3
Lead
/
2
the Department of Commerce's index considerably
25
3
Zinc
I
2
100 \
8
Gold
8
higher than the Federal Reserve Board's index in the
UIO /
28
3
Silver
\
2
1
summer, when iron ore is produced and shipped in
1,051
1,117
104
Total
107
large quantities, and much lower in the winter, when
Tntftl ftW Tninpral«!
*1 191
1 887
!
iron-ore traffic is suspended.
WEIGHTING FACTORS.

i Adding Alaska to total for United States.

Owing to data for lead, gold, and silver not being
available monthly previous to 1921, there has also
been calculated a separate index, leaving out these
products, so that a true comparison may be made
between the separate months of 1920 and the months
of 1921 and 1922.
No allowance has been made for seasonal variation
in production, as for three commodities only one year's
data are available monthly. The index shows the
actual physical output month by month.
COMPARISON WITH OTHER INDICES.

Other indices of mining production have been compiled on an annual basis, and while the present investigation was under way the Federal Reserve Board
issued a monthly production index on mining based
on the year 1919. The present index has been completed and published, because (1), it gives a combination of the annual and the monthly figures on a prewar base; (2) it includes important mining products—
gold and silver—previously not available on a monthly
base; (3) it includes new sets of monthly figures on
other commodities, such as iron ore, copper, lead
and zinc, which reflect conditions as close to the mine
as possible; and (4) it uses as weights the relative
values of the minerals as close to the mine as possible.
The Department of Commerce index of mining production runs very close to the annual indices prepared
respectively by Prof. Edmund E. Day (Harvard
University Review of Economic Statistics, Preliminary Vol. II, No. 10) and by Prof. Walter W. Stewart




RESULTS.

A glance at thefiguresin the table and charts accompanying this article shows continued development of
the mineral production of the United States before the
war. The depression in iron ore and bituminous coal
at the outbreak of the war caused the production curve
to recede in 1914, but in 1915 it was above the 1913
level again, and it continued to advance to meet our
war needs until the maximum was reached in 1918.
The slump in demand for metals after the armistice
caused a sharp decline in 1919 almost to the 1915
level, but the post-war boom, especially in petroleum
and bituminous coal, led to another increase in the
mineral output in 1920. The depression of 1921,
starting immediately at the beginning of the year,
brought production down below the pre-war average.
In comparing the monthly figures with normal, the
exceptionally large seasonal variation in iron-ore production must be taken into account. That is largely
responsible for the increase in June, 1921, while in
October the increased output of coal in the face of a
threatened railroad strike brought the production index to the highest point of the year. The seasonal
decline in iron ore was the chief factor in the November decline, and the decline in coal production was
responsible for the further recession in December, in
spite of gains in most of the other metals.
The improvement in production in 1922 has been
general in all the minerals. The gain in March, reaching the highest point since December, 1920, was partly
due to special activity in the coal mines in anticipation

21
of the strike, and the April index will show a large
drop as a result of the strike. Petroleum production
reached a new high level in March, and copper showed
a large increase over February.

MONTHLY MINERAL PRODUCTION.

160

ANNUAL MINERAL PRODUCTION.
120

y

—::
100

/

\

it 09-1 913

r

140

w

\

i

1909- 1913

\

AVERAQ

1

1
H

f

80

AVER/

60

§
z

40

20

O

—




2

*°

C
O
0»

£5

0»

5

1920

1921

1922

22

INDEX NUMBERS OF MINERAL PRODUCTION.
Prepared by the Department of Commerce.
[Relative to average for 1909-13 taken as 100.]

BituAnthraminous cite coal. Iron ore. Copper, i Lead.
coal.

Total
production.

Petroleum.

100.0
91.7
98.0
96.8
103.0

100.0
84.4
96.6
101.6
102.8

100.0
89.9
97.9
95.2
105.6

100.0
93.9
97.8
104.7
97.7

100.0
95.3
105.9
81.5
102.4

100.0
95.2
94.1
95.6
108.3

1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..

109.8
102.4
111.2
127.2
134.4

114.5
122.5
129.6
138.7
154.6

112.2
99.2
103.8
117.9
129.5

106.0
105.1
103.0
101.4
115.3

115.1
76.9
103.1
139.6
139.8

1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

135.2
113.5
126.1

164.1
174.1
204.4
217.3

135.0
107.5
130.6
95.5

114.4
102.0
103.1
101.0

January...
February..
March....
April

122.1
107.9
122.1
106.9

186.8
181.0
198.2
196.9

137.1
113.1
131.8
106.8

May....
June
July....
August.

131.6
145.3
147.1
151.5

201.9
204.4
211.3
216.1

September.
October
November..
December..

141.6
153.8
142.1
127.5

January...
February.,
March
April

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Production
without
lead,
gold,
and
silver.

Zinc.

Gold.

Silver.

100.0
91.6
97.5
101.8
102.0

100.0
81.3
89.2
95.9
114.4

100.0
104.9
101.3
102.0
98.3

1OO.O

90.4
94.3
99.7
105.3

100.0
90.5
97.8
96.1
103.4

106.7
100.2
120.9
168.0
164.4

107.0
133.2
131.7
143.5
142.5

119.1
121.3
161.8
199.3
206.5

93.5
99.5
106.3
97.4
88.1

110.3
119.6
123.8
122.9
118.4

111.3
101.6
110.9
129.5
138.6

129.3
112.3
125.5
54.9

166.3
112.1
105.4
41.1

140.3
110.3
123.9
103.5

173.9
159.8
159.0
70.0

72.2
63.5
52.1
51.7

112.0
93.6
93.4
83.2

141.0
118.4
133.3
100.9

105.4
90.7
109.2
86.5

4.3

114.5
110.4
113.0
109.1

178.0
175.7
193.2
177.6

122.1
107.9
122.1
106.9

109.8
127.0
126.7
137.7

110.6
113.5
114.8
111.5

177.9
231.4
245.2
233.7

108.0
109.1
103.1
109.4

183.9
157.6
166.2
157.6

131.6
145.3
147.1
151.5

207.6
219.0
214.1
215.5

138.4
146.8
144.9
146.7

64.4
111.9
103.4
115.6

232.0
229.4
147.6
3.6

148.1
146.4
135.4
118.6

141.6
153.8
142.1
127.5

104.6
91.0
96.0
87.5

211.7
195.6
226.6
221.5

113.4
86.9
85.6
77.6

102.9
107.0
102.9
107.0

2.5

80.0
93.2
53.4

Mary...
June
July....
August.

97.7
106.3
06.1
102.2

232.6
223.5
223.1
226.6

93.8
95.3
85.6
97.2

103.9
108.2
97.9
100.0

70.8
171.7
112.3
113.0

September.
October
November..
December..

95.9
108.9
93.0
86.4

202.6
197.1
214.5
232.1

98.9
123.1
101.4
87.0

99.0
105.3
95.3
83.1

93.0
82.7
12.7

95.4
99.1
120.9

238.7
225.8
259.5

105.9
115.3
141.3

86.9
93.9
121.7

1909-1913 monthly average..
1909 monthly average
1910 monthly average
1911 monthly average
1912 monthly average

1920.

100.2

1921.

86.7

107.8
69.0
84.6
90.0

43.0
42.7
45.6
46.0

97.2
108.3
120.4
87.9

109.9
94.5
99.9
91.1

25.3
20.3
18.6
22.4

91.3
93.5
94.7
102.8

96.4
81.8
65.7
61.9

43.2
41.1
57.0
60.0

84.7
79.7
77.3
79.6

102.8
112.8
99.9
106.3

21.9
25.7
23.4
19.4

100.9
115.7
110.8
132.0

61.5
89.6
93.1

36.3
82.9
64.1
58.3

83.5
93.6
75.1
77.2

101.2
111.4
95.5
88.0

27.0
39.1
64.7

135.3
125.2
123.6

100.3
95.2
112.5

48.9
42.9
45.5

78.0
76.8
82.9

99.0
103.9
128.2

115.1
102.5

1922.
January...
February..
March.....




23

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS.
The following table contains a summary of the monthly figures, designed to show the trend in important industrial and commercial
movements. The numerical data for the latest months are given and in addition index numbers for the last four months and for two
corresponding months of a year ago. In many lines the figures do not lend themselves readily to statistical uniformity, due to lateness of
their publication or publication at other than monthly intervals; therefore the following explanations of the various headings are offered
to make clear such distinctions and in general to facilitate the use of the table:
February, 1922.—This column gives the February figures corresponding to those for March shown in the next column—in other words,
cover the previous month, and in some cases, where indicated oy a footnote, refer to the previous quarter; that is, ending
December 31, 1921.
March, 1922.—In this column are given the figures covering the month of March, or, as in the case of stocks., etc., the situation
on March 31 or April 1. In a few cases (usually where returns are reported quarterly only) thefiguresare for the quarter ending
March 31 or the condition on that date. Where this column is left blank, nofiguresfor March were available at the time of going
press (May 6).
Corresponding month, February or March, 1921.—The figures in this column present the situation exactly a year previous to those
in the "March, 1922," column (that is, generally, March, 1921), but where no figures were available for March, 1922, the February,
1921, figures have been inserted in this column for comparison with the February, 1922, figures. In the case of quarterly figures,
this column shows the corresponding quarter of 1921.
Cumulative total through latest month.—These columns set forth, for those items that can properly be cumulated, the cumulative total
for the first three months of the calendar years 1921 and 1922, respectively, except where the March, 1922, figures are lacking,
in which case the cumulative total for two months in each year is given.
Percentage increase ( + ) or decrease ( —) cumulative 1922 from 1921.—This column shows the per cent by which the cumulated total for
the first three (two in some cases) months of 1922 is greater ( + ) or less ( —) than the total for the corresponding period of 1921.
Base year or period.—For the purpose of comparison with a previous more or less normal period, all items, so far as possible, are
related to such a period by index numbers. The period taken for each item, called the base, is the monthly average of the year
or period stated in this column. Wherever possible, the year 1913 is taken as a base, and if no prewar figures are available, 1919
is usually taken to avoid using a war year as a basis. In some cases it will be noted that figures were not available prior to 1920
or even 1921, and that sometimes a month, or an average of a few months, has to be used rather than a year's average. Also,
for some industries, 1919 would not be a proper base on account of extraordinary conditions in the industry and therefore some
more representative year has been chosen.
Index numbers.-—In order to visualize the trend of each movement, index or relative numbers are given for the last four months and
for two corresponding months of a year ago. These index numbers are computed by allowing the monthly average for the base
period, usually 1913 or 1919, to equal 100. If the movement for a current month is greater than the base the index number will
be greater than 100. If the converse is true the index number will be less than 100. The difference between 100 and any index
number gives at once the per cent increase or decrease compared with the base period. Index numbers may also be used to
compute the approximate per cent increase or decrase from one month to the next.
Percentage increase ( + ) or decrease ( —) March from February.—The last column shows the per cent increase or decrease of the figure
for the last month compared with the preceding month.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.

Feb.,
1922

Mar.,
1922

Corresponding
month,
Feb.
or
Mar.,
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Percentage increase

( }

t

or decrease

(-)

cumulative
1922
from
1921.

1921

1922

197,262 + 72.6

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1921

1921

Feb. Mar.

1922

( }
t
or decrease

Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.

from
Feb.

TEXTILES.
Wool.
Consumption by textile mills
thous. of lbs..
Receipts at Boston:
Domestic
thous. of lbs..
Foreign
thous. of lbs..
Total
thous. of lbs..
Imports, unmanufactured
thous. of lbs..
Machinery activity:
Looms, wide
per ct. of hours active..
Looms, narrow
per ct. of hours active..
Looms, carpet and rug per ct. of hours active..
Sets of cards
per ct. of hours active..
Combs
per ct. of hours active..
Spinning spindles—
Woolen
per ct. of hours active..
Worsted
.per ct. of hours active..
Looms and spindles:
Woolen spindles
per ct. of active to total..
Worsted spindles per ct. of active to total..
Wide looms
per ct. of active to total..
Narrow looms
per ct. of active to total..
Carpet looms
per ct. of active to total..
Prices:
Raw wool to producer
dolls, per 1b..
Unwashed, fine Ohio, Boston.. .dolls, per lb..
Worsted yarn
dolls, per lb..
Wool dress goods .
.
dolls, per yd.
Men's suitings
dolls, per yd..

118

159

153

158

176 + 11.7

46
30
733 1,229
228 378
339 775

112
78
102
99

103
247
143
175

99
224
135
220

81
550
213
340

- 18.7
+145.4
+ 58.2
+ 54.7

101
95
77
102
115

110
130
152
116
128

106
122
165
120
125

108
122
166
134
126

103
114
169
141
107

-4.6
- 6.6
+ 1.8
+ 5.2
- 15.1

78
87

104
104

118
120

118
120

K9
115

136 + 5.4
99 - 13.9

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

69
91
77
79
59

88
105
86
90
63

97
118
95
108
109

95
116
89
100
115

104
116
93
100
116

109
101
88
99
116

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

119
141
148
157
198

113
150
155
157
198

101
141
161
145
184

108
159
165
145
184

134
173
167
145
184

150 + 12.1
177 + 2.6
161 - 3.8
145
0.0
184
0.0

63,941

71,437

47,692

114,319

13,407
11,839
25,246
27,834

10,899
29,047
39,946
43,071

6,143
64,866
71,009
98,103

13,643
120,192
133,835
162,158

65.9
68.1
76.9
84.4
97.2

63.1
63.5
78.2
88.4
82.3

61.7
52.7
35.7
64.2
88.7

11920-21
11920-21
11920-21
11920-21
11920-21

90
77
78
79
96

81.6
82.7

85.9
70.8

65.9
74.3

11920-21
11920-21

80
86
69
73
79

84
75
65
72
79

68
78
64
66
43

.250
.189
.223
.39
.33
.38
1.250
1.200
1.300
.815
.885
.815
2.835
3.060
2.835
i Twelve months' average, November, 1920, to October, 1921, inclusive.




38,131
53,947
92,078
93,057

+179.5
- 55.1
- 31.2
- 42.6

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

93

+ 4.8
- 12.9
-5.4
- 1.0
0.0

24
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin

Corresponding

vr Q r

1922

1922

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Feb.,
Mar.,
1921.

1921

438,218

1,199,6ft?

or decrease
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

1922

I N D E X NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

PerageinBASE
TEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1921

1921

1922
or decrease

Feb. Mar.

Dec.

Jan. Feb. Mar.

from
Feb.

TEXTILES—Continued.

Cotton.
Consumption by textile mills
bales r . 473,073 518,450
Stocks, end of month:
1,554
Mills
thous. of bales..
1,597
Warehouses
thous. of bales..
4,222
3,766
3,593
Visible supply
." thous. of bales
3,891
Imports, unmanufactured
bales.. 54,761 59,957
Exports, unmanufactured
bales.. 338,440 461,484
Manufactured goods:
Cotton cloth exports
thous. of sq. y d s . . a 32,707 a 48,406
9,431
Fabric consump. by tire mfrs . . .thous. of lbs..
6,711
Elastic webbing saj^s
thous. of y d s . . 12,730
Machinery activity:
SpindlesActive
, . . ..thousands.. 33,797 31,875
Total activity
mills of hours
7,120
7,779
211
Activity per spindle
hours
193
Prices:
Raw cotton to producer
dolls, per l b . .
.160
.159
Raw cotton, New York.
dolls, per l b . .
.183
.181
Cotton yarn
dolls, per lb
.353
.351
Print cloth
dolls, per y d . .
.056
.060
Sheeting
dolls, per y d . .
.098
.096

1,518,075 + 26.5

1913

1,337
5,253
4,476
79,361
27,282
375,180 1,473,987

99
313
153

156,811 + 97.6
1,275,834 - 13.4 !

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

33,024
4,475
9,079

100,598
10,025
16 784

112,150 + 11.5
23,849 +137.9
25,223 ± 50 3 i

1913
1921
1919

32,148

96,154

100,130 +

1913

41

.094
.118
.283
.045
.087

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

91

82

106

109

100
298
146
134
52

130
294

125
262

148
300

137

81
44

89

67

108
101

59

74

107

106

86

78
92

138
68

109
130
153
151

88

207
65

98

108

119

+

9.6

116
214

240
127
270
47

— 2.7
- 10.8
117 — 7.7

295
63

+ 9.5
+ 36.4
+ 48.0
+ 40.5

84

88

131

105
83

141

86

118
81

114

114

112

105

— 5.7
+ 93
+ 9.3

133
141

133
143

+
+
+
+

0.6
1.1
0.6
7.1

137

129

114

143
154

140
148

142

143

130
142

168
174

168

163

160

160

173
157

120
108
444 1,018
154
115

128

131

553

- 17.1
+ 4.8
24 - 23.5
306 — 20.9

- 2 . 0

Knit underwear.
Production
..
.........
doz
Orders received
. . . doz
Shipments
doz.
Oanrali&tions
,r.....
doz
Unfilled orders, end of mo
thous. of doz

756,900
558,000
619,200
15,300
1,940

777,600
462,600
648,900
11,700
1,535

451,800
553,500
425,700
8,100

thous. of lbs
bales..
bales
dolls, per lb.

2 964
22,107
28,982
6 566

2 508
25,546
22,077
6.027

2 202
25,585
16 386
5.880

5 239
64,286

Burlap a n d fiber.
Imports:
Burlap
thous. of lbs..
Fiber (unmanufactured)
long tons..

31,345
18,462

41,240
27,874

27,278
27,571

124,723
73,797

110,366 - 11.5
60,948 — 17.4

1,630
2,072

2,035
2,816

1,596
1,866

5,949
6,560

189
251

249
502

166

667
264

860 400 2 246 400 +161 1
1,255,500 2,048,400 + 63 2
812,700 1,976,400 +143 2

+ 27

1920
a 1920
* 1920
i 1920
* 1920

43
297

548

54
6

93
17

31

105

40
384

20

95

400

386

1913
3 1920
3 1920
1913

82

77

204

136

104

88

— 15 4

93

143

58
180

143
44
166

+ 15.6

33
162

190
63
186

124

56
158

117
50
209

1909-13
1909-13

143
94

80
96

128
88

111

92

122

51

65

97

+ 31.6
+ 51.0

5 303 — 10 9
6,781 + 3.4

1913
1913

76
82

62

64

64

64

74

67

75

82

79
112

+ 24.8
+ 35.9

— 0.7
+270 8
+ 73 2

1914
1914
1914
1914
1914
3 1921
1913
1913

59

50

68
69
67

76
74

66
152

+ 31.7
+100.0
+ 38.5
+ 18.1
-1.3
+ 7.7
+ 55. <
2
+ 16.7

528

76

135

458
141

Silk.
Imports raw
Consumption, raw
Stocks, raw, end of month
Prices, raw, Japanese, N. Y

9 353 + 78 5
81,495 + 26.8

— 23.8
- 8.2

METALS.
Iron a n d steel.
Production:
Pig iron...»
thous. of long tons..
S teel ingots
thous. of long tons..
Merchant pig iron:
Production
thous. of long tons..
Sales.
...
. thous of long tons
Shipments
thous. of long tons..
Unfilled orders
thous. of long tons
Stocks, merchant furnaces thous. of long tons..
Stocks, steel plants
thous. of long tons..
Exports
thous. of long tons
Imports
thoiis. of long tons
Unfilled orders, Steel Corp.,
end of mo
thous. of long tons..
Foundry production, Ohio
per ct. of normal..

247

342

97
160

889

1,050

1,231

546

539

168
132
12

181
205

685
209

14

230
5

4,141
31.17

4,494
39.97

6,284
24.96

662

473

979
819

1,171

494

25

39

— 57.8
+ 56.0

1913
<1921

86
114

111

172

101

14

17

63
64
61
71
72
93
59
41

117

106
121

72

72

70

76

100

112

151

193

54

44

23

29

45
102

94

48
90

79
95
69
50

103

68
72

80

89

96

58
43

90
53

71

+ 8.5
+ 27.8

a Beginning with January, 1922, figures are in square yards. For the present these are compared directly with linear yards in earlier months. Stated in square yard
the total will probably average slightly less than in linear yards.
2
Six months' average, July to December, inclusive.
3 Eleven months' average, February to December, inclusive.
< Ten months' average, March to December, inclusive.




25
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.

Feb.,
1922

Mar.,
1922

Corresponding
month.
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

1922

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

ordecumulative
1922
from
1921.

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1921

Percentage increase

1922

1921

or decrease
Feb. Mar. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. from
Feb.

METALS—Continued.
Iron and Steel—Continued.
Wholesale prices:
Pig iron—
Fdry. No. 2, Northern.dolls, per long ton.
Bessemer
dolls, per long ton.
Steel billets, Bessemer
dolls, per long ton.
Iron and steel
dolls, per long ton.
Composite pig iron.......dolls, per long ton.
Composite steel
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Composite finished steel
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Structural steel beams
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Locomotives.
Shipments
number.
Finished Iron and steel.
Sheets, blue, black, and galvanized:
Production
per ct. of capacity.
Shipments
per ct. of capacity.
Sales
per ct. of capacity.
Unfilled orders
per ct. of capacity.
Unsold stocks
per ct. of capacity.
Steel barrels:
Shipments
barrels.
Production
per ct. of capacity.
Unfilled orders
barrels.
Structural steel, sales
long tons..
Copper.
Production
thous. of lbs..
Exports
thous. of lbs..
Wholesale price, electrolytic
dolls, per lb..
Zinc.
Production
thous. of lbs..
Stocks, end of month
thous. of lbs..
Imports
thous. of lbs..
Receipts, St. Louis
thous. of lbs..
Shipments, St. Louis
thous. of lbs..
Price, slab, prime western
dolls*, per lb..
Tin.
Stocks, end of month
long tons..
Imports
thous. of lbs..
Wholesale price, pig tin
dolls, per lb..
Lead.
Receipts, St. Louis
thous. of lbs..
Shipments, St. Louis
thous. of lbs..
Wholesale price, pig, desilverized
dolls per lb..
FUEL AND POWER.
Coal and Coke.
Production:
Bituminous coal
thous. of short tons..
Anthracite coal
thous. of short tons..
Beehivecoke
thous. of short tons..
By-product coke
thous. of short tons..
Public-utility electric power
mills, of k. w.hours..
Shipments, anthracite
thous. of long tons..
Storage, anthracite
thous. of long tons..
Exports:
Bituminous
thous. of long tons..
Anthracite
thous. of long tons..
Coke
thous. of long tons..
Wholesale prices:
Bituminous
C.dolls, per short ton..
Ar^iracite, chestnut
dolls, per long ton..
Coke, Connellsville
dolls, per short ton..




20.84
21.46
28.00
32.86
19.31
2.14
2.01
1.50

20.96
21.46
28.00
32.97
19.26
2.09
2.02
1.40

44

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

161

56.1
50.5
47.3
66.8
19.5

68.0
61.1
111.4
128.7
18.7
168,476

16.9
248,315
78,700

27.7
281,794
139,300

91,248
15.4

37,416

173
164
149
172
177
171
166
152

137
128
113
129
132
130
127
99

1913

58

53

29

25

14

13 - 11.4

25
34
25
39
739

38
34
37
36
739

55
65
40
23
809

58
54
59
21

77

848

94 + 22.1
84 + 21.7
183 +134.6
44 + 91.3
813 - 4.1

1921
1921

73
88

81
89

80
90
87
81

91
97
106

37
75
82

61 + 65.3
115 + 53.0
81 - 1.6

78

92 + 17.9
148 6.0
5 +164.9
73 + 88.7

1913
1913

558

159 - 71.5

27.9
24.5
22.6
105.2
17.0

101,830

187
184
164
185
194
180
176
162

1920
1920
1920
1920
1920

27.66
28.16
38.40
45.37
27.35
2.94
2.76
2.30

133
126
109
127
132
126
124

52,376

110,068

290,100

+163.6

1913

29

59

61,867
80,853
.127

89,127
38,720
.122

251,564

125,131

75
87
82

87
55
78

18
87
86

25

186,845

- 50.3
+ 19.7

1913

156,055

45,026

53,064

62

120,524

31,482
164,504
7,144

118,852

128,248
74
10,698
31,323

82
162

14,476
19,564

51,286

76
164
7
72
122
90

52,862
.129

.049

196
20,187
24,313
.050

359,522

+ 42.9

*1921

1913

11,970
64,591

145,502 + 22.4

328 - 97.3
50,299 - 1.9
84,688 + 31.1

.052

1,406
9,295

3,086
15,783
.291

3,476
3,028

11,604

20,232

6,787
.047

7,325

40,951

50,193

6,762

8,757

549

732

1,795

2,137

575
1,772

3,485
5,239
3,567

3,784
6,779
3,344

3,395
5,738
1,422

10,103
17,058

814
275
32

1,187
295
25

1,152

4,657

3.600
10.633
3.038

3.600
10.640
3.250

4.850
10.642
5.000

.047

10,882

34,181 +214.1

7,733
4,948
.041

23,436
12,023

51,336 +119.0
22,626 + 88.2

30,328
7,701

101,449
22,517
2,577
5,938

308
25

1913

90

128,744
21,777
1,777
5,835

+ 26.9
- 3.3
- 31.0
- 1.7

11,074 +
16,866 -

9.6
1.1

2,645 - 43.2
794 - 10.6
87 - 3.3

2 Six months' average, July to Deecember, inclusive.

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

107
55
60
92

54
202
197
52
69
89

1913
1913
1913

192
55
73

188
32
64

1913
1913
1913

153
30
106

1913
1913
1913
1913

192,

131
125
109
125
125
122
122

75

2
70
102

+

0.6
0.0
0.0

+

0.3

158
2

150
159
120
156

-

0.3

-

2.3

+

0.5

-

99

111
76
83
80

251,598

130
125
109
125
125
124
121

6.7

+ 65.4
+ 63.9
+ 13.5
+ 77.0

87

39
110
83

92
93
73

72
95
71

76
97
68

167 + 119.5
165 + 69.8
65 - 4.6

141
57
92

256
49
107

356
97
107

212

+ 74.4
84 + 7.9
107
0.0

77
101
31
178

76
97
21
167

77
78

94

103

18
176

18

20

1919
1919
1921

98
133
33

105
128
53

117
103
140

1909-13

105
107
34

70

74

106
32

95

1909-13

115
101
37

1913
1913
1913

232
200
213

221
200
205

175
201
113

1909-13

78
107

180
117

107

108

116

137

133

44

- 22.4
+

126
115
26
202

2.0

+ 22.6
+ 29.5
+ 33.3

+ 19.1

117 + 8.6
151 + 29.4
125 6.3
108 + 45.8
102 + 7.3
34 - 21.9

171
200

164

164

200

200

113

125

133

0.0

+ 01
.
+ 7.0

26
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.

Feb.,
1922

Mar.,
1922

Corresponding
month,
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

1922

or decrease
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

BASE
YEAB
OR
PERIOD.

1921

1921

Percentage increase

1922

or decrease
Feb.

Mar.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

U.
from
Feb.

FUEL AND POWER-Continued.
Coal and Cok*—Continued.
Retail prices:
Bituminous
AnthraciteStove
Chestnut

dolls, per short ton..

9.71

9.72

11.15

1913

210

205

189

182

179

179 + 0 1
.

dolls, per short ton..
dolls, per short ton..

14.92
14.99

14.89
14.94

15.63
15.66

1913
1913

204
201

202
198

195
191

194
190

193
189

193 - 0.2
189 - 0.3

thous. of bbls.. 40,814 46,916
thous. of bbls.. 208,851 220,133
thous. of bbls.. 39,600 48,840
thous. of bbls.. 12,077 14,004
thous. of bbls.. 16,852 17,274
2.250
dolls, per bbl..
2.250
1,323
number..
1,143

40,905
138,181
45,161
12,303
16,173
1.750
1,452

114,230

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

171
125
180
767
765
207
99

198
132
207
829
749
187
91

203
175
219
929
898
241
70

187
206
883
851
241
73

197
199
182
814
781
241
72

227
210
224
944
800
241
83

Petroleum.
Crude petroleum:
Production
Stocks, end of month
Consumption
Imports
Shipments from Mexico
Price, Kansas-Oklahoma
Oil wells completed
Gasoline:
Production
Exports
Domestic consumption
Stocks, end of month
Kerosene oil:
Production
Stocks
Gas and fuel oil:
Production
Stocks
Lubricating oil:
Production
Stocks

thous. of gals.. 398,223
thous. of gals.. 38,170
thous. of gals.. 251,759
thous. of gals.. 818,546

130,871 + 14.6

thous. of gals. 167,220
thous. of gals.. 332,330

133,346 - 0.4
39,178 + 6.2
52,490
2.6

4,851

3,617 - 25.4

388,188
45,392
225,195
680,540

848,620
151,954
519,946

842,846 - 0.7
140,840 - 7.3
534,476 + 2.8

1919
1919
1919
1919

118
171
79
144

127
148
121
151

133
117
109
124

135
163
99
149

121
124
88
173

163,082
430,045

52,814

133,933
36,880
51,160

368,457

340,137 -

1919
1919

84
143

87
149

87
113

109

111

3.2

1919
1919

115
129

119
130

136
173

135
171

120
171

103
138

117
134

105
152

+ 15.0
+ 5.4
+ 23.3
+ 16.0
+ 2.5
0.0
+ 15.7,

98
161

7.7

172 + 38.4

thous. of gals.. 761,085
thous. of gals.. 1,314,740

732,542 1,569,226 1,619,196 +
993,127

thous. of gals.. 69,123
thous. of gals.. 259,892

72,432
201,628

158,341

143,437 - 9.4

1919
1919

103
125

98,742 143,596
98,315 129,931
125,725 139,390
9,138 12,425

142,850
110,820
182,027
2,684

401,733
349,338

361,513 - 12.5
330,203 - 5.5

20,035

42,483 + 112.0

1919
1919
1919
1909-13

90
101
13

101
95
80
173

90
84
81
127

82
81
82
56

144,568 170,995
142,399 167.112
52,984 56,867
66,443 48,376

119,482
119,602

379,749
362,283

473,309 + 24.6
468,285 + 29.3

17,622

68,782

210,344 +205.8

1919
1919
1919
1919-13

78
74
113
61

94
92
87
459

98
99
94
374

90
89
99
260

106
104
106
190

97,786 117,507
96,521 117,142
27,815 28,180
5,582
1,672

107,532
104,919
41,789
2,192

334,402
317,376

1919
1919
1919
1913

90
84
164
70

94
91
175
30

94
93
100
44

92
90
111
70

85
84
116
23

103 + 20.2
102
21.4
118
1.3
78 +233.9

1919
1919
1919

159
177
146

158
177
131

110
110
85

101
95

76
71
109
137

83
77
119
70

100
98
111
49

100
97
111
72

101
115
32

119
114
122
77

42

83

75
90

86
100

100 + 16.3
116 + 16.3

105
93
149

90
96
86
150

85
104

PAPER AND PRINTING.
Wood pulp, mechanical:
Production
short tons.,
Consumption and shipment
short tons..
Stocks, end of month
short tons..
Imports
short tons..
Wood pulp, chemical:
Production
short tons.
Consumption and shipment
short tons.
Stocks, end of month
short tons.
Imports
short tons.
Newsprint:
Production
short tons.
Shipments
short tons.
S tocks
short tons.
Exports
thous. of lbs.
Prices, newsprint:
Contract domestic
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Contract Canadian
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Spot market, domestic
dolls, per 100 lbs.
All other paper:
Production
short tons.
Shipments
short tons.
Stocks
short tons.
Exports, printing
thous. of lbs..
Paper board production:
Corrugated board
thous. of sq.ft..
Solid fiber board
thous. of sq. ft..
Printing:
Activity, weighted
index number..
Paper purchases, quantities. .index number..
Paper purchases, value
index number..
Sales
index number..




6 0 , <<•?

12,221

321,101 316,855 12,32/

4.0
0.2

+ 0.9

3.615
3.482
3.601

5.862
6.480
5.623

404,031 476,353
395,529 461,933
246,923 261,343
7,309
3,025

333,245
311,749
255,548
6,682

934,809
868,894

1,280,771 + 37.0
1,249,138 + 43.8

36,152

17,175 - 52.5

1919
1919
1919
1913

91,719 106,681
50,606 58,833

52,765
38,281

129,468
89,581

278,967 + 115.5
155,286 + 73.3

1919
1919

53

49
75

Sept.1920
1918
1918
1918

75
71
90
162

82
75
95
162

3.629
3.479
3.581

95
83

119 + 45.4
108 + 32.2
90
10.9
75 + 36.0
+ 18.3
+ 17.4
+ 7.3
- 27.2

97 95 +
84 +

0.4

01
.
06
.

+ 17.9
+ 16.8
+ 5.8
+ 141.6

i

82

91
133

27
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
biillptin

Afar

1922

1922

Corresponding
Feb.,
or
Mar.,

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Inner tubes

or decrease

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

cumulative
1921

1922

1921.

RUBBER.
Crude:
Imports
Consumption by tiremfrs
Wholesale price, Para, N. Y
Tires:
ProductionPneumatic
Solid
Inner tubes...
. ,
Domestic shipmentPneumatic
Solid
...
Inner tubes
Stocks, end of m o n t h Pneumatic
Solid

I N D E X NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

1922
from
1921.

i 1921

1921

Percentage m-

1922

or de-

Dec. Jan.

Feb.

1
i
184,970 ! +139.1
66,418 +150.4

Mar.

Feb. Mar.

1913
1921
1913

227
44
21

295
67
22

607
101
26

559
118
24

691
103
20

665
149
20

Mar.
from
Feb.

thous. of lbs..
thous. of lbs..
dolls. per lb

66,744
18, 467
.163

64,215
26,771
.161

28,509
12,075
.180

77,354
26,524

thousands..
thousands..
thousands..

2,084

2,646
49
3,018

1,163
29
1,346

2,686
73
3,004

6,785 + 152.6
128 4- 75.3
7,958 + 164.9

1921
1921
1921

45

64

66
41

81
60

101
114
92

113
114
104

115
112
115

146 + 27.0
140 + 25.6
134 + 16.2

...thousands
thousands..
thousands..

1,562
37
1,703

2,074

1,615
44
1,644

3,654

5,233 + 43.2
118 + 14.6
5,684 + 48.9

1921
1921
1921

56
67
49

85
100
72

104
90
110

84
7G
82

82
84
74

109 + 32.8
110 + 29.7
91 + 22.8

thousands..
thousands

4,691
183
6,142

5,183
182

1921
1921
1921

123
132

109
123

119

110

88
73
104

99
79
115

111
79
134

123 + 10.5
79 — 0.5
153 + 13.8

51
32

59
35

79
49

111 + 40.1
74 + 50.0
120 + 28.4
40 + 55.4
6 + 46.7

. ..thonsnadg

39
2,597

48
2,091

6,991

103
3,817

4,597
284
5,045

- 3 . 8

+ 45.0
—

12

AUTOMOBILES.
Production:
Passenger cars
Trucks . .
Shipments:
By railroad
Driveaways
"By boat

carloads..
number of machines..
number of machines .

GLASS AND OPTICAL GOODS.
Bottles:
Production
index number..
Illuminating glassware:
Net orders
per ct. of capacity
Actual production
perct of capacity
Shipments billed..
per ct. of capacity..
Spectacle frames and mountings:
Sales (value)
index number..
Unfilled orders (value)
index number..
BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION.
Buildings.
Building volume
index number..
Build ingests
inriAT number,,
Concrete factory costs
index number
Hotel building costs .
index number .
Loft office building costs . . . . index number..
Subdivided office building costs, .index number..
Contracts awarded,floorspace:
Business buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
Industrial buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
Residential buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
Educational buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
Hospitals and institutions
thous. of sq. ft..
Public buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
Social and recreational bldgs .thous. of sq. ft..
Religious and memorial bldgs. thous. of sq. ft..
Grand total
thous. of sq. ft..
Contracts awarded, value:
Business buildings
thous. of dolls..
Industrial buildings
thous. of dolls..
Residential buildings
thous. of dolls..
Educational buildings
thous. of dolls..
Hospitals and institutions
thous. of dolls..
Public buildings
.
thous. of dolls..
Public works and utilities
thous. of dolls..
Social and recreational bldgs.. thous. of dolls..
Religious and memorial bldgs. thous. o f dolls..
Grand total
thous. of dolls..
Firelosses
thous. of dolls..




262,041 I

109,121 152,920
number
number.. 12,944 19,422
25,210
15,804
264

j 1919
1919

32,366
16,287
9,939

75

32,758
20,631
267

60,143 + 83.6
33,444 4- 62.1
587 |i4.110.0

1920
1920
1920

48
19
2

78
25
2

58
19
3

73
19
3

94
26
4

1919

19,636
10,173
180

87

68

86

83

81

98
161
148

108
132
114

98
138
136

May 1921

36.4
43.9
41.8

May 1921
May 1921
1913
1919

787
629
30,061
39,240
10,733
75,728
13,110
7,749
705
21,193
3,941
4,882
177,473
29,304

8,953
4,165
30,348
5,071
804
377
1,362
795
51,957
49,758
24,270
121,551
25,575
5,212
1,902
51,997
8,228
4,880
293,637
39,911

4,424
2,341
14,382
2,969
587
202
1,368
430
26,703

10,963
6,486
29,425
5,851
1,463
639
2,842
1,165
58,834

22,776
10,640
60,701
19,031
2,698
2,271
33,958
9,461
2,487
164,092
28,581

60,324
35,114
127,727
34,583
8,623
5,832
76,691
19,063
7,001
376,377
89,790

244
51

220
43

169
41

233
45

259 + 11.2
42 - 6.7

1913
1913
1914
1913
1913
1913
6,264
2,417
16,490
2,325
995
92

226
49

43
231
220
190
195
190

88
224
197
188
192
187

118
169
153
163
165
159

91
169
152
162
164
158

100
162
152
160
160
155

202

1919
+ 82.7
+ 48.2
1919
+120.6
1919
+ 60.6
1919
+ 72.7 j 1919
+ 0.3 i 1919
3,063 + 7.8
1919
1,879 + 61.3
1919
112,279 + 90.8
1919

35
14
41
85
25
188
77
83
36

48
18
71
155
159
117
108
97

50
22
109
172
207
193
79
115
76

52
24
90
104
198
100
72
102
65

68
19
82
121
270
53
62
142
65

97
33
151
265
218
219
108
179
112

50

67
25
86
191
83
203
81
136
80
76
127

65
34

197
192

70
46
107
121
164
84

67
88
108
92
129

45
91
108
77
172

116
25
107
132 \
237
63
51
57
156
83
131

147 + 26.8
57 +126.1
172 + 60.5
257 + 95.1
160 - 32.7
170 +169.8
124 +145.3
118 + 108.8
0.0
156
137 + 65.5
178 + 36.2

20,028
9,615
64,921
9,397
2,526
641

112,694 + 86.8
54,698 + 55:8
273,007 +113.7
50,752 + 46.8
18,330 +112. 6
3,549 - 39.1
91,925 + 19.9
18,525 - 2 . 8
13,129 + 87.5
637,430 + 69.4
107,878 + 20.1

j

1919
I 1919
11 1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

11 1919

21
51
87
35
222
44

77
72
47
115

58

143
151

+ 102.0
1.9
00

165 +
152
160
160
155

0.0
0.0
0.0

+ 42.9
+ 72.3
+ 84.0
+ 118.1
- 19.2
+309.8
+ 73.1
+ 26.4
+ 72.8

28
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin

Xfor

1922'

Mar.,
1922

Corresponding
month,
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

1922

or decrease

BASE
YEAR
OR

cumulative
1922
from
1921.

Percentage increase
ordecrease

PERIOD.

1921

1921

1922

Feb. Mar.

Dec.

Jan. Feb.

Mar.
from
Feb.

Mar.

BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION—Con.
Lumber.
Southern pine:
Production
M ft. b. m . . 373,626 i 428,103 384,300 1,010,197 1,197,849 + 18.6
Stocks, end of month
M ft. b. m . . 1,200,704 1,208,089 1,287,447
31.92
43.53 ! 40.96
Price " B " and better dolls t>er M ft b . m
Douglas fir:
630,286 1,156,342 + 83.5
Production (computed)
M ft. b. m . . 403,802 ! 402,459 253,368
665,651 1,045,319 + 57.0
Shipments (computed)
M ft. b. m . . 346,500 367,988 277,989
12.50
12.50 ' 11.50
Price No. 1 common.. .dolls, per M ft. b. m...
California redwood:
43,496
97,871
118,918 + 21.5
Production
Mft. b . m . . 32,648 48,884
116,100 + 79.3
30,002
64,763
44,507
Shipments
Mft. b . m . . 37,536
127,512 +109.7
60,808
34,248
Orders received
Mft. b . m . . 38,841 48,604
California white pine:
9,327
7,290
5,576
14,717
36,935 +151.0
Production
:..Mft. b. m . .
78,507 + 71.3
19,600
45,819
Shipments
M ft. b. m . . 23,893 30,327
Stocks
M ft. b. m . . 378,640 314,258 367,177
Michigan hardwood:
I
27,811
69,812
51,244 - 26.6
15,869
Production
Mft. b. m . . 15,904
46,607 + 55.9
29,903
13,670
15,276
Shipments
M ft. b. m . . 14,730
Western pine:
63,126
110,098
136,009 + 23.5
Production
Mft. b. m . . 41,793 58,831
289,882 + 87.6
154,522
63,126
Shipments . . .
Mft. b . m . . 89,272 117,736
North Carolina pine:
24,423
57,183
145,670 +154.7
Production
Mft. b . m . . 50,890 52,290
123,410 +123.9
55,118
20,020
Shipments
M ft. b. m . . 41,090 50,050
Northern hemlock:
54,291 + 4.7
51,871
15,709
Production
M ft. b. m.. 13,368 20,290
46,849 + 81.5
11,302
25,816
Shipments . :
Mft. b . m . . 11,931 21,051
Northern hardwood:
93,757 + 19.2
116,065
48,279
Production
M ft. b. m . . 23,660 38,698
76,575 +173.9
27,958
10,937
Shipments
Mft. b . m . . 19,059 31,675
Oak flooring:
17,282 20,367
8,464
18,241
56,911 +212.0
Production
Mft. b . m .
54,115 +162.4
20,622
10,474
Shipments
M ft. b. m.. 16,455 22,690
23,314
53,148 +128.0
12,742
Orders booked
M ft. b. m.. 16,063 23,479
39,998
28,856 28,090
Stocks end of month
M ft b . m
24,935
Unfilled orders end of month
M ft b m
20,907
3,666
434,517 + 92.5
225,704
73,180
Exports, planks, scantling, joists
M ft. b. m . . 125,973 159,869
Brick.
Clay fire brick:
Production
Shipments .
Stocks end of month
New orders
Unfilled orders
Silica brick:
Production
Shipments
Stocks end of month
Face brick:
Production
Stocks in sheds and kilns
Unfilled orders
Shipments
Prices:
Common red, New York.
Common salmon, Chicago

dolls, per thous..
dolls, per thous..

Cement.
Production
Shipments
Stocks, end of month
Price, Portland

thous. of bbls..
thous. of bbls..
thous. ofbbls..
dolls, per bbl..




42,626
38,694
149,034
31,537
43,098

42,284
31,923
134,275
17,196
41,839

136,826
112,974

107,430 - 21.5
100,038 - 11.5

57,961

98,700 + 70.3

6,663
7,263
35,743

9,120
7,837
36,944

8,927
4,763
44,934

29,112
18,412

thousands.. 22,926
151,769
thousands
44,513
thousands
thousands.. 18,392

.

42,133
156,906
59,852
37,491

18,611
137,994
30,668
24,463

51,758

16.25
8.55

16.25
11.58

34,683
thousands.
thousands.. 30,043
146,911
thousands
thousands.. 35,941
30,357
thousands
thousands..
thousands..
thousands

16.75
8.38

44,795

22,364 j - 23.2
23,346 + 26.8

90,390 + 74.6

70,785 !+ 58.0

15,254 + 0.1
15,240
4,278
6,685
6,763
13,218 + 9.3
7,002
3,285
6,221
12,091
14,142 13,824
12,000
1.50
1.50
1.70
* Ten months' average, March to December, inclusive.

1917
1917
1913

79

71

92

94

88

94
148

94
139

82

88

189

85
182

57

73
86

136

136

99
93
125

100
102
125

116

64

1918
1918
1918

90
60

116
105

105

100
120

87
132

63

119

117
105

139

135

1918
1918
1918

10

11

50

61
138

109
150

39
76

18

59
140

1917
1917

49

62

31

15

28

1917
1917

20
44

1919
1919

1917
1917
1913

143

189

107
136

75
142

+ 14.6
+ 0.6
178 — 5.9

101
88

115
114

— 0.3

125

— 8.0

+ 6.2

+ 49.7
156' + 18.6
169 + 25.1

130

14

- 21.8
+ 26.9
118 — 17.6
95

i
35

35

38

43
34

30

31

56

33

31

37

52

57

75

75

81

107

63
60

71
62

126

124
100

149
128

153

126

1913
1913

46
24

42

26
47

55

35

54

38

33

58

1913
1913

135
37

170

52

137

108

111
102

84

43

75

125

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

83
99
88

127
174

262
301
214

289
249
223

259
274

242

305
378
385
312

443
56
37

31

209
444

263
321

51
41

288
85

305
293
83

83

67
60

59
62

68

288
71

156

+ 2.8
+ 21.8
+ 51.8
+ 76.4
+ 63.6
+ 66.2
17.9
37.9
46.2
2.7
19.3
26.9

84
76

81
70

63

89

97
33

105
54

100

40

61

106
70

60

45

25

25

32

1919
1919
1919

66

63
34

34

47

40

52

98

108

93

59
87

86

88

1919
1919
1919
< 1920

0.2
3.7

+ 40.8
+ 31.9

+
+
+
344 +
90 +

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

59

+

+ 22.9
+ 28.8
107 + 1.4
61 - 12.3
46

+ 42.0

47

65

52

56

+ 36.9
+ 7.9
+ 3.4

34

41

85

56

51

93

173

155

181

173

176

+ 83.8
+ 3.4
+ 34.5
+103.8

33

36

40

37

170
52

36

75

71

46

57

116

1913
1913

251

248
235

221

232

255

248

181

170

170

173

1913
1913
1913
1913

57

88
84

85

56

56
44

87

40

126

123

+ 56.3
+113.2
- 2.0

148

148

0.2

227

45
102

107

50
106

171

170

148

119
148

69

95

- 3.0
+ 2.0

29
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
Percentage!
increase

NUMERICAL DATA.
SOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.

BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION-Con.
Sanitary Ware.
Baths, enamel:
Orders shipped
number.
Stocks
number.
Orders received
number.
Lavatories, enamel:
Orders shipped
number.
Stocks
number.
Orders received
number.
Sinks, enamel:
Orders shipped
number.
Stocks
number.
Orders received
number.
Miscellaneous, enamel:
Orders shipped
number.
Stocks
number.
Orders received
number.
Sanitary pottery:
Orders received
number pieces per kiln.
Abrasive Paper a n d Cloth.
Domestic sales
reamsForeign sales
reams.
_
.
HIDES.
Imports:
Total hides and skins
thous. of lbs.
Calfskins
thous. of lbs.
Cattlehides
thous. of lbs.
Goatskins
thous. of lbs.
Sheepskins
thous. of lbs.
Stocks, end of month:
Total cattle hides
thous. of lbs..
Totalcalf and kip skins
.thous. of lbs..
Total sheep and lamb skins
thous. of lbs..
Total hides and skins
thous. of lbs
Prices:
Green salted, packer's heavy
native steers
dolls, per l b . .
Calfskins, country No. 1
dolls, per l b . .
^ _ _ A.
LEATHER.
Production:
Sole leather
thous. of sides.
Skivers
doz.
Oak and union harness
stuffed sides..
Finished sole and belting
thous. of lbs..
Finished upper
thous. of sq. ft..
Stocks, end of month:
Sole and belting
thous. of lbs
Upper
thous. of sq. ft..
Stocks, in process of tanning:
Soleand belting
thous. of lbs..
Upper
thous. of sq. ft..
Exports:
Sole
thous. oflbs..
Upper
thous. of sq. ft..
Prices:
Sole, hemlock, middle No. 1
dolls, per l b . .
Chrome calf, " B " grades
dolls, per sq. ft..
Leather Products.
Belting sales:
Quantity
thous. oflbs..
Amount
thous. of dolls..
Boots and shoes:
Production
thous. of pairs..
Exports
thous. of pairs..
Price, wholesale, men's black
calf blucher
dolls, per pair..




Feb.,
1922

Mar.,
1922

Corresponding
month,
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

(+)

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

1922

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

Percentage increase
(+>
or decrease

INDEX NUMBERS.
BASE
YEAR
OR

|1921

1921

1922

PERIOD.

Feb. Mar.

Mar.
from
Feb.

Feb.

Mar.

Dec.

Jan.

1919
1919
1919

71
280
30

78
301
42

112
126
60

140
127
84

152
135
70

+ 24.1
167 + 24.4
91 + 29.9

1919
1919
1919

136
59
65

129
84
73

99

138
73
109

154
73

199 + 28.9
90 + 24.3
130 + 40.2

128

105
106
71

135
103
96

135
103
81

166 |!+ 23.2
122 !]+ 18.1
108 j 33.2

129
118
78

97
115
71

137
104
130

125
101
84

158 + 26.7
108 + 6.9
;!+ 36.4

I

65,243
70,587
63,815

27,157
127,128
29,460

70,654 91,039
101,566 126,228
68,414 95,891

59,263
117,204
53,481

73,660 90,764
129,505 152,980
71,434 95,137

74,100

166,243 +124.3

67,102

171,369 +155.4

168,171

224,740 + 33.6

149,349

244,429 + 63.7

69,623
107,730
59,456

162,783

238,301 + 46.4

151,141

251,362 + 66.3

44,912
86,334
48,062

36,737
94,389
32,810

93,969

119,189 + 26.8

77,120

137,847 + 78.7

1919
1919
1919

225

139

299

+228.4

1919

32

85

124

52

59,418
5,461

74,634
7,506

41,404
3,393

100,604
10,918

191,181 + 90.0
18,488 + 69.3

1919
1919

61 j
l
37 |
l

66 j 84
53 ! 60

87
60

110 !;+ 25.6
82 ! + 37.4

35,190
3,013
23,286
5,563
2,294

30,344
1,971
14,908
6,908
4,517

20,185
2,881
12,935
1,305
2,276

63,665
6,791
41,581
5,321
6,955

65

82
44
122

71 i|- 13.8
- 34.6
- 36.0
24.2

277,160 274,082
45,362 46,416
32,612 29,852
355,134 350,350

.160
.138

1,466
17,021
65,067
24,200
70,296

'52,575
56,759
49,134

35,446
80,742
35,240

93,367
7,256
54,128
18,001
10,024

+ 46.7
+ 6.8
+ 30.2
+238.3
+ 44.1

1919
1919
1919

101
52

1909-13
1909-13
1909-13
1909-13
1909-13

50
33
73
24
49

47
42
68
16
43

387,759
55,495
32,427
475,681

1921
1921
1921
1921

116
120
95
115

114
95
98
110

.139
.135

.115
.125

1913
1913

1,473
19,451
78,100
25,275
77,510

1,351
16,867
70,194
25,502
48,955

204,471 200,072
431,704 449,915
103,311 99,514
181,885 175.300

3,720
45,088
169,401
69,151
118,827

4,593
55,422
202,982
76,961
222,369

+
+
+
+
+

23.5
22.9
19.8
11.3
87.1

58

189,033
485,069

1921
1921

95
101

- 13.1

115

111,082
152,586

1921
1921

100
85

527
2,209

.350
.465

.350
.425

.370
.525

4,303
8,218

595
1,266

3,408

29,686
455

1,125

6.75

6.62

7.25

595

63
60

93
134
66
111
127
101

100
107

1913
1913
1913
1913

600

24,900
390

3,457 - 19.7
18,076 + 120.0

0.0
- 21.2

1913

126
63
107
129

78
113
94
121

78
129
82
99
134

103
100

106
102

103 - 2.2
106 + 4.2

95
109

111

90
107 - 3.6

+
+
+
+
+

0.5
14.3
20.0
4.4
10.3

55 + 38.5
91 + 44.4

50
135
195

131
195

121
186

121
173

124
173

139

134

67

38

46

+ 19.2
54 + 16.7

233

217

217

217

213 - 1.9

124
158

0.0

1913
1913

79,760
1,167 - 65.8

82

I- 2.2
72
112
74
99
84

1,435
8,078

300
501

86

14
.

— 1.1
+ 2.3
-8.5
- 1.3

82

63

1919
1919
1919
1921
1921

1,036
5,595

52

1913

30
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.

Mar.,
1922

Feb.,
1922

CHEMICALS.
Production:
7,942 11,134
Acetate of lime
thous. of lbs..
Wood alcohol
galls. 433,024 587,928
47,097 64,563
Consumption, wood, carbonized
cords.
Stocks, wood
cords. 942,660
Imports:
20,793 21,925
Potash
long tons.
19,160 23,452
Nitrate of soda
long tons.
Exports:
1,003
Sulphuric acid
thous. of lbs.
338
498
Dyes and dyestuffs
thous. of dolls.
51,656
Total fertilizer
long tons.
Price index numbers:
Crude drugs
index number.
Essential oils
index number.
Drugs and pharmaceuticals.. .index number.
Chemicals
weighted index number.
.008
.008
Price, sulphuric acid 66° N. Y
dolls, per lb.

Corresj)onding
month,
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

or decrease

BASE
YEAE
OR

cumulative
1922
from
1921.

1921

1922

or decrease

PERIOD.

5,604
18,309
27,570 + 50.6
403,838 1,262,760 1,473,652 + 16.7
141,512
43,445
159,724 + 12.9
676,765

1921

Percentage increase

1921

1922

Feb.

Mar.

Dec.

Jan.

1920
1920
1920
1920

47
65
58
80

71
70
60
102

71
73
64
104

66
70
63
111

81
12

83
22

98
44

8,496
46,201

20,027
156,038

60,309 +201.1
52,082 - 66.6

1909-13
1909-13

40
107

673
718
64,408

4,863
2,602
246,853

2,357 - 51.5
1,493 - 42.6
185,233 - 25.0

1909-13
1909-13
1909-13

110
2,480
62

Aug., 1914
Aug., 1914
Aug., 1914
1914
1913

.010

145

98

Feb. Mar.

93
94
86
117

&
from
Feb.

+
+
+
+

40.2
35.8
37.1
5.4

104 + 5.4
54 + 22.4

107 119 102 163 + 60.2
.362 2,271 1,167 1,722 + 47.3
64 + 28.9
50
65

141
178
141
157
100

132
137
118
145
85

134
136
117
144
80

139
136
115
148
80

155 + 11.5
135 - 0 7
.
116
0.9
156 + 5.4
0.0

36 + 6.5
380 + 62.5

FATS AND OILS.
Total vegetable oils:
Exports
..
Imports
Oleomargarine:
Production
Consumption

thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.

9,825
50,008

10,459
81,270

36,811
11,162

148,407

32,398 - 78.2
180,338 +169.6

1913
1913

127
52

43
149

42
229

34

thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.

17,780
12,195

15,262

21,589
21,361

45,155
64,346

33,947 - 24.8
44,344 - 31.1

6 1913
1913

194
180

152
164

134
142

147
103

+ 25.1

tons.. 256,872

107,058

302,926

59

121

82

50

- 58.3

69,952
91,321
.101

164,327
149,526
.062

274

72,237
.115

167
202
115

164
154
118

117
140
139

100 - 14.1
110 - 20.9
159 + 13.9

204
66

257
120

430
50

22

27 + 26.0
12 + 81.8

120
65

86
127

56

77
6

55 - 28.3
12 + 95.4

136
131

84

1,110
1,635

58
5

- 35.3
- 35.9

6,647

7,232

9,354

20,631

20,336 -

15,356

9,283

17,747

10,991
107,791
22,700
11,536

14,371
99,764
20,220
14,135

20,763
35,654
22,558
15,599

9,732
7,893
7,500

9,720
6,000

9,100
7,725
6,000

1.400
1.382

1.352
1.357

1.650
1.679

1913
1913

7.975

7.813

8.730

6.700

6.781

7.S

Cottonseed.
Cottonseed stocks
Cottonseed oil:
Stocks
Production
Price, New York

thous. of lbs.
. . .thous. of lbs.
dolls, per lb.

1919

83

1919
1919
1913

97

302 -

- 21.9
7.9

1913
1913

10

367 +178.0
343 +139.9

1913
1913

23

44

1913
1913

509
60

476
59

1.4

1913

40

61

44

+

56,575

40,384 - 28.6

1913

65

59

51

- 39.5

70,943

40,347

- 43.1

60,378
37,006

- 17.0
- 25.7

194
130
67
75

174

72,745
49,785

1913
1913
1919
1919

25,090
21,314

29,056 + 15.8
26,604 + 24.8

483,222

264,264 + 45.3

85

Flaxseed.
Receipts:
Minneapolis
thous. of bushs.
Duluth
thous. of bushs.
Shipments:
Minneapolis
thous. of bushs.
Duluth.
thous. of bushs.
Stocks:
Minneapolis
thous. of bushs.
Duluth
thous. of bushs.
Linseed oil:
Shipments from Minneapolis
thous. of lbs.
Linseed-oil cake:
Shipments from Minneapolis.. .thous. of lbs.

977

132
143

37

170
8

8.8

FOODSTUFFS.
Wheat.
Exports, including
flour
thous. of bushs.
Visible supply
thous. of bushs.
Receipts, principal markets
thous. of bushs.
Shipments, principal markets.. .thous. of bushs.
Wheat flour:
Production
thous. of bbls.
Consumption
thous. of bbls.
Stocks
thous. of bbls.
Prices:
No. 1, northern, Chicago
dolls, per bush.
No. 2, red winter, Chicago.. .dolls, per bush.
Flour, standard patents,
Minneapolis
dolls, per bbl.
Flour, winter straights,
Kansas City
dolls, per bbl.




126
235
55
57

92
210
72
58

121
194
64
71

64

91
115
82

110
77

100
97
80

101 + 1 0
.
119 + 23.1
64 - 20.0

185
195

181
170

137
119

141
121

153
140

148 138
-

1913

200

191

150

153

174

171

1913

207

208

152

153

174

176

1914
1919
1919

126
264
76

+
+

30.8
7.4
10.9
22.5

3.4
1.8

- 2.0
6

Average forfiscalyear ending June 30 of year indicated.

+ 12
.

31
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items arc
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.

Feb.,
1922

Mar.,
1922

Corresponding
month,
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

(+ )

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

orde-

BASE
YEAR
OR

1921

1921

Percentage increase

1922

or decrease

cumulative
1922
from
1921.

PERIOD.

27,995

64,627 +130.9

99,517
51,908

141,462 + 42.1
85,126 + 64.0

1913
1913
1919
1919

203
294
175
152

324
420
227
239

248
323
265
197

347
332

527
533
389
360

1913

106

104

77

77

91

92 +

1913

19

19

17

14

92 +535.3

1913

115

115

97

100

106

1913

91

107

57

29

32

1913

110

93

101

1921

1922

Feb. Mar.

Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar.

from
Feb.

FOODSTUFFS—Continued.
Corn.
Exports, including meal
thous. of bushs.
Visible supply
thous. of bushs.
Receipts, principal markets
thous. of bushs.
Shipments, principal markets.. .thous. of bushs.
Prices, contract grades,
No. 2, Chicago
dolls, per bush.

22,254
44,767
58,330
31,842

22,936
51,040
31,035
23,891

.572

.575

.649

436

2,770

408

dolls, per bush.

.393

.432

thous. of bushs.

836

1,567

13,681
35,277
33,973
21,102

460

543 + 3.1
607 + 14.0
- 46.8
270 - 25.0
0.5

Other Grains.
Oats:
Exports, including meal
Prices, contract grades,
Chicago
Barley:
Exports
Price, fair to good, malting,
Chicago
Rye:
Exports, including flour
Price, No. 2, Chicago

thous. of bushs.

3,717 + 91.8

5,882

dolls, per bush.

.633

.644

1,209
.992

954
1.021

1,765
1.446

11,081

Total grain exports, incl. flour.. .thous. of bushs.
Car loadings of grain and grain products
cars.

35,355
51,199

41,867
41,184

25,872
37,208

993
102,038

1,302
119,813

33.344

70.7

.714

thous. of bushs.
dolls, per bush.

1,722 -

1.3

57 + 79,8
103 +

1.7

745
127

615 - 21.1
780
156 I 164+ 2.9

139
108

176
129

170 202 + 18.4
131 , 106- 19.6
-

135
170

K5

159
141

163
167

214 + 31.1
196 + 17.4

145

147

109

131

166 + 26.9

1919
1919
1919
1919

239
53
36
124

197
49
34
145

155
51
51
114

185
57
63
75

204
61
39
128

190
38
31
213

- 6.8
- 37.2
- 20.0
+ 66.9

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

210
99
79
102
172

127
84
107
99
208

313
85
65
60
169

249
60
103
96
158

178
70
91
59
124

111
43
139
38
155

+
—
+

37.5
38.6
53.0
35.0
25.2

76
67
54
83
93
58
88 I 109
64 j 83

76
56
65
69
35
99
74

79
75
53
81
67
33
111
85

69
66
55
72
91
31
98
74

79
71
64
87
131
29

+
+
+
+
+
-

14.5
7.8
16.0
20.9
43.6
6.0

11
.
0.0
3.1

2,482 1,142 1,286
234 227
135

70.1

1913
1913

105,529
114,201

113,730 + 7.8
142,843 + 25.1

1913
1919

180
94

125
95

825
103,701

1,945
336,913

3,262 + 67.7
308,106 - 8.6

1919
1919

78
198

42,304

37,449

109,637

94,241 - 14.0

1919

165,329 154,055
15,588
9,792
5,345
4,275
40,087 66,903

160,094
12,695
4,642
45,579

596,756
40,956
15,396
124,514

469,936
40,108
18,376
130,662

- 21.3
- 2.1
+ 19.4
+ 4.9

18,439
41,842
5,531
30,431

11,690
49,794
3,353
23,568

+
-

4,399
1,674
608
2,671
51,941

4,666
1,890
758
2,743
39,321

+ 6.1
+ 12.9
+ 24.7
+ 2.7
- 24.3

3,317 -

105 -

Total Grains.

Other Crops.
Rice:
Receipts at mills
thous. of bags.
Shipments, total from mills
thous. of lbs.
Shipments, through New
Orleans
thous. of lbs.
Stocks, end of m o n t h Domestic, at mills and
dealers
thous. of lbs.
Foreign, in warehouses
thous. of lbs.
Imports
thous. of lbs.
Exports
thous. of lbs.
Apples:
Cold-storage holdings
thous. of bbls.
Car lot shipments
carloads.
Potatoes, car lot shipments
carloads.
Onions, car lot shipments
carloads.
Citrus fruit, car lot shipments
carloads.

3,090
4,731
13,596
1,019
6,684

1,931
2,904
20,799
662
8,371

2,210
5,695
16,087
1,724
11,239

1,416
586
243
822
12,404
73,782
336,393
329,038

1,622
632
282
994
17,808
69.341

1,565
600
237
948
12,627
138,345
302,992
286,107

36.6
19.0
39.4
22.6

124

Cattle and Beef.
Receipts, primary markets
thousands.
Shipments, primary markets
thousands.
Shipments, stocker and feeder
thousands.
Slaughter
thousands.
Exports of beefproducts
thous. of lbs.
Cold-storage holdings of beef
thous. of lbs.
Inspected slaughter production
thous. of lbs.
Apparent consumption
thous. of lbs.
Prices, Chicago:
Cattle, corn-fed.
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Beef, fresh native steers
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Beef, steer rounds, No. 2
dolls, per 100 lbs.

8.638
14.50
12.80

8.731
14.50
13.20

653,407

718, 111 +
709,031 +

3.9
8.5

9.563
16.30
15.00

1919
1919
1919
1919
1913
1919
1913
1919

52
38
64
107
61

1913
1913
1913

110
124
109

112
126
115

97
127
83

96
119
90

102
112
97

103 +
112
101 +

1919
1919
1919
1919
1913
1913
1919

107
116
68
103
184
138
111

90
106
108
84
174
110
133

105
148
47
84
130
133
168

114
150
36
98
156
144
172

97
111
83
90
168
123
141

91
99
99
89
152

Hogs and Pork.
Receipts, primary markets
Shipments, primary markets
Shipments, stocker and feeder
Slaughter
Exports, pork products
Inspected slaughter production
Apparent consumption




thousands.
thousands.
thousands.
thousands.
thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.

3,612
3,411
1,327
1,181
62
74
2,285
2,246
138,055 124,411
594.090
393,499

12,091
3,382
11,301 - 6 . 5
4,318
4,295 - 0.5
1,261
175
163 - 6.9
81
7,755
7,015 - 9.5
2,119
456,198
- 14.5
143,168
8.6
664,634 1,408,762 1,287,110
875,582 + 10.2
734,392
312,003

-5.6
- 11.0
+ 19.4
-1.7
-9.9

32
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.

FOODSTUFFS—Continued.
Hogs and Pork—Continued.
Cold-storage holdings,
pork products
thous. of lbs.
Prices:
Hogs, heavy, Chicago
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Pork, loins, fresh, Chicago..dolls, per 100lbs.

Feb.,
1922

Mar.,
1922

Corresponding
month,
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage

1922

ordecumulative
1922
from
1921.

BASE
YEAB
OR
PERIOD.

1921

1921

Percentage increase

1922

or decrease
Feb. Mar.

Dec.

Jan. Feb. Mar.

608,747

675,274

971,520

1919

9.900
16.90

10.338
19.80

25.30

1913
1913

113
170

95

1,399
656
169
760
30,754

1,465
677
143
780

1919
1919
1919
1919
1913

77
57
15
100
85

73
73
35
76
66

81
73
32

2,863

2,872

38,520

458

77

47

6.094
14.175

7.094
14.563

4.031
10.031

129

81
135

112
156

21,472
37,621

18,623
25,526

14,059
33,411

40,734

53,634 + 31.7

1919
1919

28,194

80,216

63,309 - 21.1

1919

44,919
14,586
1,947

35,593
12,675
1,977

94,528
35,336
3,793

125,510 + 32.8
36,589 + 3.5
3,778 - 0.4

22,582
15,006
13

9,024
10,731

14,732
14,294
1,926

.375
.208

.371
.199

.455
.250

909
2,895
Receipts, Louisiana crop
long tons..
Imports, raw
long tons.. 448,321 571,836
Meltings, raw
long tons.. 415,723 535,357
Stocks, raw
long tons.. 163,817 273,811
108,468
Exports, refined
long tons..
Prices:
.038
Wholesale, 96° centrifugal, N.Y.dolls, per lb..
.052
Wholesale, refined, N . Y
dolls, per lb..
Retail, average 51 cities
index number..

1,604
374,090
433,186
172,679
11,428

Sheep a n d M u t t o n .
Receipts, primary markets
thousandsShipments, primary markets
.
thousands.
Shipments, stocker and feeder
thousands.
Slaughter
thousands.
Inspected slaughter production
thous. of lbs.
Cold-storage holdings,
lamb and mutton
thous. of lbs..
Prices:
Sheep, ewes, Chicago
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Sheep, lambs, Chicago
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Fish.
Total catch
thous. of lbs.
Cold-storage holdings, 15th of mo...thous. of lbs.

1,750

1,053
38,942

5,058
1,966
238
3,089
83,043

2,220
495
2,465
68,269

- 7.1
+ 12.9
+108. 0
- 20.2
- 17.8

105

705
1913
1913

107

60

67

93
108

from
Feb.

+ 10.9
124 + 4.4
133 + 17.2
65
56
25
74

+
+
+

4.7
3.2
15.4
2.6

72
34

34 + 0.3
+ 16.4
+ 2.7

52
96

107 - 13.3
41 - 32.1

40

31

35 + 25.3

1919
1919
1919

78
78
166

81
69
45

91
66

68

+ 15.5
90 + 28.9
164
39.8

1916-20
1916-20
1916-20

38
52

86
74
24

62
58
5

16- - 60.0
29 - 28.5
26

1919
1919

77
80

73

62
67

85

Dairy Products.
Condensed and evaporated milk:
Exports
thous. of lbs..
Receipts of 5 markets:
Butter
...thous. of lbs.
Cheese
...thous. of lbs.
. .thous. of cases.
Cold-storage holdings:
Creamery butter
thous. of lbs.
American cheese
thous. of lbs.
..thous. of cases.
Wholesale prices at 5 markets:
Butter
...dolls, per lbs.
...dolls, per lbs.
Cheese

19,951

11,319
1,026

25,006

63
67

63 - 1.1
64 - 4.3

Sugar.

Coffee.
Imports
Visible supply:
World
United States
Receipts, total, Brazil
Clearances:
Total, Brazil, for world
Total, Brazil, for U. S

7,131
753,606
825,482

11,843 + 66.1
1,335,096 + 77.2
1,242,681 + 50.5

54,514

232,623 +326.7

+
+
+
+

68.6
27.6
28.8
67.1
79.6

8
151
80
120
593

18
6
50
245
10
100 179 255 326
213
90 128 165
78
133
90 172 287
65
181
387 1,077 2,159 2,045 3,673

1913
1913
1913

.061
.078

1913
1913
1919
1919
1909-13

151
166
162

173
184
176

106
117
118

104
112
113

107
115
116

112 + 2 6
.
121 + 6 1
.
118 + 1 7
.

1909-13

172

187

202

158

127 - 10.0

1913
1913
1913

76
100

75
108
90

79
85
123

78
73
111

141
m
80
77
106

thous. of lbs.

106,847

96,132

141,729

thous. of bags.
thous. of bags.
thous. of bags.

9,404
1,453
1,009

9,185
1,195
913

8,842
2,046
857

2,795

+

thous. of bags.
thous. of bags.

968
327

1,159
464

1,154
712

3,219
1,986

1,290 - 35.0

1913
1913

109
173

117
181

96
110

127
127

thous. of lbs.

5,030

6,617

5,387

11,345

18,613 + 64.1

1909-13

33

65

135

85

61

+ 31.6

Production (tax-paid withdrawals):
Large cigars
millions.
Small cigarettes
millions.
Manufactured tobacco and snuff .thous. of lbs.

447
3,126
32,456

529
3,636
38,120

561
4,470
35,478

1,521
12,491
92,638

1,419 - 6.7
10,468 - 16.2
104,791 + 13.1

1913

79

1913
1913

318 345
81 96

73
231
68

70
286
92

71
241

84 !+ 18.3
280 + 16.3
103 :+ 17.5

- 15.9

6.8

+ 5.2

78 - 2.3
63 - 17.8
96 - 9.5
117 + 19.7
118 + 41.9

Tea.
Imports
TOBACCO.




6

Index number less than 1.

Very large percentage increase.

33
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.

CorrespondFeb.,
1OT2

TOBACCO—Continued.
Exports, unmanufactured leaf
thous. of lbs.. 25,635
Price, wholesale, Burley good leaf,
dark red, Louisville
i
dolls, per 100 l b s . . 27.500
Stocks (reported quarterly):
8
1,175
Chewing,smoking,snufl,export.mills. of lbs..
Cigar tobacco
mills. of lbs..
«313
Total, including imported
mills, of lbs.. •1,562
TRANSPORTATION—WATER.
Canal Cargo Traffic.
Panama Canal:
American vessels
thous. of long tons..
British vessels
thous. of long tons..
Total cargo traffic
thous. of long tons..

Mar.,
1922

moni #
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

CUITULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

134,032

1922

Percentage
increase
<+)
ordecumulative
1922
from
1921.

I N D E X NUMBERS.

BASE
YEAR
OR

1921

1922

1921

or decrease

PERIOD.

Feb. Mar.

Dec.

Jan. Feb. Mar.

1909-13

133

145

124

103

82

32.500

1913

246

246

208

208

208

1,363
368
1,819

1913
1913
1913

117

99
147

145
85
127

435

1915
1915
1915

239
146
234

209
221

188
190
234

198
151
198

U.
from
Feb.

105 + 28.6

208
151
206

32,967

45,445

27.500
1,303
402
1,785

380
276
838

Percentage increase

90,867 - 32.2

953

0.0

208

161 + 10.9
109 + 28.4
145 + 14.3

Vessels i n Foreign Trade.
Entered in U. S. ports:
American
Foreign
Total
Cleared from U. S. ports:
American
Foreign
Total

thous. of net tons..
thous. of net tons..
thous. of net tons..

1,832
2,295
4,127

2,127
2,626
4,753

2,373
2,246
4,619

7,172
6,444
13,616

5,922 - 17.4
6,852 + 6.3
12,774 - 6.2

1913
1913
1913

195
61
97

202
69
104

217
71
109

167

156
70

181 + 16.1
80 + 14.4
107 + 15.2

thous. of net tons..
thous. of net tons..
thous. of net tons..

1,856
2,169
4,025

2,181
2,684
4,864

2,098
2,396
4,494

6,306
7,000
13,307

6,080 - 3.5
6,788 - 3.0
12,875 - 3.2

1913
1913
1913

161
66

168
74
100

195
80
112

164

148
67
90

174 + 17.5
83 + 23.7
108 + 20.8

134

197
6

901
146

1920
1921

85

97 - 79.2

95,361 88,491
97,634 72,566
245,100 206,746

171,119
255,055
495,904

1919
1919
1919

211
229
218

373
255
100
77
599
423
334,628 320,083
769
827
28,348
2,112
2,357

26
8
123
270,319
699
24,913
2,633

1919
1919
1919
1913
1919
1913
5 1913

2
2
3
161
85
91
111

294,473
73,585
401,427
324,501
47,771

284,217
88,463
406,496
384,646
9
5,165

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

161
154
159
212

1,588
480

1921
1914
i« 1915

Ship Construction.
Vessels under construction, .thous. of gross tons..
New vessels completed
thous. of gross tons..

17 + 47.0
2 - 84.2

TRANSPORTATION—RAIL.
Freight Cars.
Surplus:
Box
number..
Coal
number..
T otal
number..
Shortage:
Box
number..
Coal
number..
Total
number..
Bad order cars, total
number..
Car loadings, total
thous. of cars..
Freight carried
mills, of ton-miles..
Pullman passengers carried
thousands..
Railroad F i n a n c e s .
Revenue:
Freight
thous. of dolls..
Passengers
thous. of dolls..
Total, operating
thous. of dolls..
Operating expense
thous. of dolls..
Net operating income
thous. of dolls..
Receipts per ton-mile
index number..

54,738
7,598

55,447 +
6,914 -

13
.
90
.

233
293
248

161
193
175

116
129
129

108 - 7.2
96- - 25.7
109 - 15.6

179
87
98
129

208
85
94
113

3
1
3
219
92
99
118

2
2
2
222
96
104
102

1
2
2
212
103

163
154
167
192
86
172

156
145
155
186
49

166
128
157
179

()
•
174

181
169
180
220
51
186

103
100
102

102
100
99

96

100
97
96

100
100
97

103 +. 2.6
.
101 + 1 3
.
100 + 3 1

191
168
176
119
19
31

195
185
191
117
15
28

200
187
188
106
12
16

208
337
262

+

31.6
23.0
29.4
4.3
7.5

114 + 11.6

LABOR.
Number employed:
United States (1,428
firms)
thousands..
1,565
1,605
New York State
thousands..
478
484
Wisconsin
index number..
Total pay roll:
New York State
thous, of dolls.. 11,563 11,901
Wisconsin
index number..
Av. weekly earnings, Wisconsin, .index number..
Unemployment, Pennsylvania
number.. 308,540 278,850
Immigration
number.. 17,643 14,803
Emigration
number.. 14,423
* Average for fiscal year ending June 30 of year indicated.
• Index number less than 1.

100797°—22




3

12,955

38,583

34,794 - 9.8

1914
214 218
" 1915
218 213
10
1915
214 216
233,645
n 1921
217,014
55,079 - 74.6
74,147
1913
85,245
38,277 - 55.1
1913
10
8
First quarter of year.
Previous quarter, Jan. 1.
11
Nine months' average, April
9 Deficit.

95
198
179
122
67

to December, inclusive..

+ 2.9
+ 1.1
- 1.6
- 9-6
- 16.1
-42.7

34
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consilit index at end of
bulletin.

Feb.,
1922

Mar.,
1922

Corresponding
month,
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
ncrease

1922

or decrease

BASE
YEAR
OR

cumulative
1922
from
1921.

Percentage increase

1922

PERIOD.

1921

1921

or decrease
Feb. Mar.

Dec.

J a n . Feb. Mar.

U.
from
Feb.

PRICE INDEX NUMBERS.
Farm price:
Crops
indfix nnmhfir.
. . .index number..
Live stock .
Wholesale prices:
Department of LaborFarm products
Food, etc
index number..
Cloths and clothing
. . .index number..
Fuel and lighting
. . .index number..
Metals and metal produ ctsindex number..
Building material
. index number..
Chemicals and drugs... . index number..
House-furnishing goods . . index number..
. . .index number..
Miscellaneous
All commodities
. . .index number..
Fed. Reserve Board (Dept. of Labor prices)—
Agricultural products.. .. .index number..
Animal products
. . .index number..
Forest products
. . .index number..
Mineral products
. . .index number..
Total raw products
. . .index number
Producer's goods
. . .index number..
Consumer's goods
. . .index number..
. . .index number..
All commodities
Federal Reserve Board I n d e x Goods imported
.index number..
Goods exported
. . .index number..
All commodities
. . .index number..
Dun's
Bradstreet's
. . .index number..
. . .index number..
Retail prices, food
Cost of living:
National Industrial Conference BoardFood
index number..
Shelter
index number
Clothing
. . .index number..
Fuel and light
. . . . . . index number
Sundries
. . .index number..
All items weighted.... ...index number..
Foreign wholesale prices:
United Kingdom
. . .index number
. . .index number..
France
. .index number.
Italy
Germany
-•.-•,- . . .index number
Canada
.
. index number
Australia . .
. . .index number
India
. . .index number..
Japan
. . .index nnmhfir..

1913
1913

120
117

113
123

98
91

100
95

112
108

+
117 +

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

129
150
198
218
146
221
178
277
180
167

125
150
192
207
139
208
171
275
167
162

113
139
185
187
119
203
161
218
148
149

116
134
183
183
117
202
159
214
146
148

126
138
183
183
115
202
159
213
150
151

128
138
182
183
114
202
159
213
153
152

+

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

145
114
225
207
164
155
171
167

136
116
210
197
157
149
168
162

129
102
208
178
146
130
155
149

129
107
207
176
147
127
151
148

139
116
207
176
153
127
153
151

141
118
207
176
153
128
153
152

+
+

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

113
140
157
150
129
158

114
129
152
144
123
156

111
141
142
136
123
150

110
139
142
136
124
142

110
142
146
140
126
142

Jy ,1914
Jv 1914
Jy., 1914
Jy., 1914
Jy., 1914
Jy.,1914

172
166
174
198
190
176

158
171
174
187
185
169

152
169
157
179
178
163

150
169
156
178
178
161

142
169
156
177
177
158

162 159 158
192 189
1913
326 314 306
377 360
1913
595 562
613 604
1913
Jy., 1914 1,419 1,410 3,467 3,814 4,713
170 168 169
199 194
1913
148 147 147
192 181
Jv 1914
174
180
178 179
175
Jy., 1914
206 204
209
195 191
1913

1.8
8.3

1.6
0.0
- 0.5
0.0
- 0.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
+ 2.0
+ 0.7

+

1.4
1.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.7

111
144
147
137
125
139

+
+
+
—
-

0.9
1.4
0.7
2.1
0.8
2.1

139
165
154
174
174
155

- 2.1
- 2.4
1.3
-1.7
-1.7
1.9

+

160 +
307 +

1.3
0.3

166 -

1.8

182 + 1.7
201 1.5

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT.
Mail-order houses, total sales
Sears, Roebuck & Co
Montgomery Ward & Co
Chain stores, total sales &
F W Woolworth Co
S. S. KresgeCo
McCrory Stores Corp
S. H. Kress & Co
J. C. Penney Co
United Cigar Stores Co....
Owl Drug Co..

thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls..
t.hnns nfrinlls
. . .thous. of dolls..
thous of dolls
...thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls
...thous. of dolls..
...thous. of dolls..

18,198
12,413
5,785
16,749
10,095
3,763
1,056
1,835
2,395
4,794
766

23,832
15,801
8,031
19,677
11,847
4,481
1,215
2,134
3,153
6,013
860

fc Includes Woolworth, Kresge, McCrory, and Kress only.




27,502
20,106
7,396
20,133
11,831
4,642
1,185
2,475
3,732
6,413
864

68,287
49,707
18,580
49,765
29,305
11,325
3,034
6,098
9,223
18,095
2,533

61,812
42,402
19,410
52,146
31,462
11,842
3,241
5,601
7,713
15,705
2,424

- 9.5
- 14.7
+ 4.5
+ 4.8
+ 7.4
+ 4.6
+ 6.8
- 8.2
- 16.4
- 13.2
-4.3

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

217
173 244
214
176 252
224
165 223
502
193 253
438
166 214
786
420
314
546
210 263
530
206 276
1,243 1,698 2,245
309
232 260
331
1 249 266

175 161 211 + 31.0
178 156 198 + 27.3
169 175 243 + 38.8
197 210 247 + 17.5
172 183 215 + 17.4
326 341 406 + 19.1
216 235 270 + 15.1
238 + 16.3
182 204
984 1,089 1,433 + 31.6
199 194 244 + 25.4
246 236 265 + 12.3

35
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.

Feb.,
1922

Mar.,
1922

(

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Corresponding
month,
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

v

or decrease

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1921

1921

Percentagein
crease

1922

or decrease

(-)

cumulative
1922
from
1921.

1921

1922

7,165 - 19.8
5 727 - 10.2
254,349
1.1

Mar.

Dec.

Jan.

1913
1913
1919

198
135

219
137
109

134
91
112

229
113
102

132
124
90

163 + 23.3
140 + 13.3
111 + 23.9

1919

104

124

145

114

111

132 + 19.2

1919

94

94

92

92

92

1919
1913
1913
1913

94
97
98
110
412 1,527 1,227
617 943
580

103
317
406

92
127
291
320

1919
1919

I

Feb. Mar.

Mar.
from
Feb.

|Feb.

107
106

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT—Continued.
American Wholesale Corp., total
sales.
Magazine advertising
Newspaper advertising
Department-store trade (see detailed tables).
Postal receipts

thous. of dolls..
thous. of lines..
thous. of lines..

1,806 | 2,226
1,515 | 1,717
75 319 | 93,285

2,987
1,680
91,503

8,929
6 377
251,584

.thous. of dolls..

20,339

24,237

22,723

61,851

22,904
U. S. interest-bearing debt
mills, of dolls.. 23,238
Liberty and Victory Loans and
18,458
War Saving securities
mills, of dolls.. 19,129
Customs receipts
thous. of dolls.. 33,652 40,288
Ordinary receipts
thous. of dolls.. 175,651 550,758
Ordinary disbursements
thous. of dolls.. 182,206 325,955
Money held outside U. S. Treasury
and Federal Reserve System:
4,433
Total
mills, of dolls..
4,412
40.60
Per capita
dollars..
40.46

23,741

65,479

+ 5.9

PUBLIC FINANCE.

20,102
29,204
76,282
921,628 1,387,520
536,476 1,275,757

101,191 + 32.7
917,410 - 33.9
739,408 - 42.0

5,206
48.41

97

90

106
105

91 -

1.4

-

3.5

152
913
573

+ 19.7
+213.6
+ 78.9

90 + 0.5

+ 0.3

BANKING AND FINANCE.
Banking.
Debits to individual accounts:
New York City
mills, of dolls.. 16,543 20,377
Outside New York City,
mills, of dolls.. 14,730
17,367
Bank clearings:
NewYorkCity
mills, of dolls.. 15,340
18,720
Outside New York City
mills, of dolls.. 10,157
12,266
Federal Reserve Banks:
708
Bills discounted
mills, of dolls..
Notes in circulation
mills. of dolls..
2,197
2,182
Total reserves
mills, of dolls..
3,081
3,103
Total deposits
.mills, of dolls..
1,818
1,805
Reserve ratio
per cent..
78.1
78.4
Federal Reserve member banks:
Total loans, rediscounts, and
investments
mills, of dolls.. 10,918
10,842
10,309
Net demand deposits
mills, of dolls.. 10,349
Interest rates:
!
4.35
4.94
New York call loans
per cent.. j
4.80
4.88
Commercial paper, 60-90 days
per cent.. I
Saving deposits (balance to credit of depositors):
New York State savings banks.mills, of dolls.. «2,696
Philadelphia Federal Reserve
district
thous. of dolls.. 426,470 426,837
Chicago Federal Reserve
district
thous. of dolls.. 737,987 737,074
U. S. Postal Savings
thous. of dolls.. 145,000 144,500

17,353
16,719

52,516
50,108

55,985 +
48,739 -

6.6
2.7

1919
1919

16,682
12,889

49,784
37,354

51,356 +
34,000 -

3.2
9.0

1913
1913

184
178

212
211

234
212

2,287
2,931
2,422
1,841
52.0

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

124
117
108
93
100

118
112
111
95
104

61
93
137
91
140

15,983
10,186

1919
1919

106
99

1913
1913

228
134

216
132

100 + 23.2

219
189

195
166

237 + 22.0
200 + 20.8

44
83
140
92
154

37
84
141
94
156

- 10.2
- 0.7
142 + 0.7
93 - 0.7
156
0.0

106
96

6.88
7.63

81
84

101
100

72

+ 17.9

72 97 -

0.7
0.4

143
85

155
84

137

109

160

109

110

0.1
0.1
0.3

-

1.2

89
1913

«147

149

1920

108

107

156
418,389

108
1920
1913

757,195
161,249

105
411

104
406

102

101
364

101
365

101 364 -

246
163

224
174

172
142

193
150
(u)
157

226
180

Life Insurance.
Policies, new:
Ordinary
Industrial
Group
Total insurance
Amount of new insurance:
Ordinary
Industrial
Group
Total insurance




thous. of policies..
.thous. of policies..
thous. of policies..
thous. of policies..

167
684
51
850

182
621
43
803

thous. of dolls.. 361,571 419,839
thous. of dolls.. 110,954 132,833
15,215
7,420
thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls.. 479,945 567,888

410,146
118,478
9,581
538,205

143
569
49
712

* Previous quarter, Jan. 1.

437
1,791
130
2,227

- 9.3
+ 12.5
+ 3.2
+ 7.4

1913
1913
1913
1913

212
127
141

177

182

146

1,095,960 1,086,938
347,512
303,701
35,922
20,879
1,420,540 1,470,373

-

+ 14.4
+ 72.0
+ 3.5

1913
1913
1913
1913

267
177
368
243

311
228
663
291

317
244
757
308

232
200

482
1,592
126
2,073

0.8

(12)

" Index number not computed.

(12)

(12)

188

+ 16.8
+ 20.2
+ 41
.
19.4

274
320 + 16.1
214
256 + 19.7
513 1,053 +105.1
259
+ 18.3

36
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.

Feb.,
1922

1922

Corresponding
month,
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

1922

1,336
67,409
351,981
7,741

4,872
180,398
1,156,117
32,286

7,517
218,012
1,153,096
19,340

138,701

or decrease

cumulative
1922
from
1921.

1921

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1921

Percentage increase

1922

or decrease
Feb. Mar.

Dec.

Jan. Feb. Mar.

Mar.
from
Feb.

BANKING AND FINANCE—Continued.
Business F i n a n c e s .
Business failures:
2,463
2,331
Firms
number..
Liabilities
thous. of dolls.. 72,608 71,608
Dividend and interest payments..thous. of dolls.. 280,600 342,881
8,505
6,181
U. S. Steel Corp.'searnings
thous. of dolls..
New capital issues:
Corporations
thous. of dolls.. 202,749 283,724
State and municipalities123,891
Permanent loans
thous. of dolls..
Temporary loans
thous. of dolls.. 48,157 65,231
New incorporations
thous. of dolls.. 591,404 731,866
Telephone earnings:
Total operating revenue
thous. of dolls.. 36,998
8,073
Total operating income
thous. of dolls..
Telegraph earnings:
6,950
Commercial telegraph tolls
thous. of dolls..
Telegraph and cable operating
8,932
revenue
thous. of dolls..
Operating income
thous. of dolls..
Credit conditions:
25.6
26.9
Orders
per ct. of total transactions..
39.7
38.1
Indebtedness
per ct. of total transactions..
48.1
Payments
per ct. of total transactions..
49.7

+ 54.3
+ 20.9
- 0.3
- 40.1

1913
1913
1913
1913

123
268
188

694,832

696,135 + 0.2

1913

218

64,388
215,019
105,252
207,108
954,700 2,852,536

287,888 + 33.9
126,616 - 38.9
2,166,923 - 24.0

1913
1913
1913

219
102
380

33,206
6,706

67,600
13,140

75,181 + 11.2
16,222 + 23.5

1913
1913

253
181

7,412

15,595

14,401 -

7.7

1919

9,457
599

19,937
1,288

18,518 7.1
1,925 + 49.5

1919
1919

23.8
30.6
57.4

204
325
115
41

+ 5.7
- 1.4
22.2
37.6

153

148

+ 39.9

226
33

101

174
320
189
54

255
120
343

+ 42.5
+ 35.5
+ 23.8

172
112

104

218
98

91

54

1916
1916
1916

93
87

97 + 4.3
- 3.9
90 + 3.4

W

Stocks and Bonds.
Stock prices, clothing:
25 industrials, average
25 railroads, average
Stock sales (N. Y . Stock Exchange)
Bond sales:
Miscellaneous
Liberty-Victory
Total
Bond prices:
Highest-grade rails
Second-grade rails
Public utility
Industrial
Combined price index

dolls, per share..
dolls, per share..

86.42
56.41

89.30
58.15

83.34
51.94

thous. of shares..

16,185

22,734

15,907

42,030

187,368 237,852
121,981 180,639
309,349 418,491

87,072
135,918
222,990

270,437
466,353
736,790

thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls.
par.
par.
par.
par.
par.

82.95
68.47
62.34
72.07
70.71

per cent.

1913
1913

143
63

140

65

54,313 + 29.2

1913

147

230

255

616,436 +127.9
531,233 + 13.9
1,147,669 + 55.8

1919
1919
1919

100
63
71

122
57
72

265
93
132

1915
1915
1915
1915
1915

82
79
71
84
78

81
78
71
80
77

91
89
80
77
84

1913

114

115

181
13

188
13

228
82
8
49
259
149

73.14
59.13
52.19
56.13
59.21

4.39

per ct. of
per ct. of
per ct. of
per ct. of
.per ct. of

83.33
70.06
64.65
71.80
71.85

154 +
70 +

3.3
3.1

234
268
97
136

328 + 40.5

52
100

333 + 26.9
76 + 48.1
136 + 35.3
93 +
+
+
+

0.5
2.3
3.7
0.4
1.6

191
26

191
26 +

0.0
2.2

249
84
47

256
90
42

254 91 +
43 +

0.8
1.5
2.4

272
170

345
209

368 +
213 +

6.5
1.7

91
102
91

91
84
102
92

99

99

Stocks and Bonds.
Municipal bond yield

Corporation S t o c k h o l d e r s .
(The following figures are quarterly.)
Pennsylvania Railroad Co.:
Domestic
number.. «138,847 138,895
Foreign.
number.. 8 2,852
2,915
U. S. Steel Corp.,common stock:
Domestic
number.. 8106,061 105,261
1,399
Foreign
number.. 8 1,379
22.01
Shares held by brokers
per cent of total.. 8 21.44
American Telephone and Telegraph Co.:
Domestic
number..«183,676 195,608
2,217
Foreign.
number.. 82,180




137,007
1,386

1913
1913

8

103,093
1,283
24.27

1913
1913
1913

8

144,716
1,774

1913
1913

8

8

Previous quarter, Jan. 1.

8

8

8

37
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTErf—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.
1922

Mar.,
1922

Corresponding
month,
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

1922

213,156
640
88,760
3,581

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1922
from
1921.

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1921

1921

Percentage in-

1922
orde
crease

Feb. Mar.

Dec.

from
Feb.

Jan. Feb. Mar.

BANKING AND FINANCE—Continued.
Gold and Silver.
Gold:
Domestic receipts at mint
fine
ounces.
Rand output
thous. of ounces.
Imports
thous. of dolls.
Exports
thous. of dolls.
Silver:
Production
thous. of fine oz.
Imports
thous. of dolls.
Exports
thous. of dolls.
Price at New York
dolls, per fine oz.
Price at London
pence per standard oz.

66,608
77
28,701
1,732

70,629
228
33,488
986

70,775
671
87,372
710

203,761
1,881
169,503
4,471

3,878
4,771
7,092
.653
33.891

4,186
6,953
5,307
.644
33.269

6,077
3,872
2,919
.560
32.479

16,449
13,569
14,947

dolls, per £ sterling.
dolls, per franc.
dolls, per lire.
dolls, per franc.
dolls, per mark.
dolls, per guilder.
dolls, per krone.
dolls, per franc.

4.36
.087
.049
.083
.005
.376
.261
.195

4.38
.090
.051
.084
.004
.378
.267
.194

dolls, per yen.
dolls, per rupee.

.474
.281

.473

4.6
66.0
47.6
19.9

1913
1913
1913
1913

45
48
92
76
833 1,646
14
9

61
93
597
25

51
46
500
11

45
11
541
23

48
31
631
13

+ 6.0
+196*1
+ 16.7
- 43.1

12,002 - 27.0
18,222 + 34.3
16,376 + 9.6

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

98
163
102
99
126

109
130
56
94
118

70
185
137
110
129

71
217
76
110
127

70
160
136
109
123

75
233
101
108
121

+
+
-

7.9
45.7
25.2
1.4
1.8

3.91
.070
.038
.074
.016
.344
.228
.171

Par. val.
Par. val.
Par. val.
Par. val.
Par. val.
Par. val.
Par. val.
Par. val.

80
37
19
39
7
85
83
85

80
36
20
38
86
85
89

86
40
23
39
2
91
91
101

87
42
23
40
2
91
93
101

90
45
25
43
2
94
97
101

90
47
26
44
2
94
98
101

+
+
+
+
+
+
-

0.5
3.4
4.1
1.2
20.0
0.5
2.3
0.5

.278

.486
.260

Par. val.
Par. val.

98
57

97
53

96
56

95
57

95
58

95 - 0.2
57 - 1.1

.132
.104

.828
.132
.114

.878
.782
.151
.148

Par. val.
Par. val.
Par. val.
Par. val.
Par. val.

88
83
48
74
55

88
81
47
76
54

93
78
39
55
55

95
80
39
52
59

96
86
41
53
58

97
86
42
58
56

71,485
11,656
8,901
3,180
26,499

85,842
13,025
9,633
5,501
33,362

76,798
14,200
7,368
5,299
27,090

191,207
35,790
16,950
10,699
63,413

225,440
35,335
25,757
13,271
80,666

17.9
1.3
52.0
24.0
27.2

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

76
100
32
45
83

107
123
48
115
120

101
99
47
117
109

95
92
47
100
92

99
101
58
69
117

119
112
63
119
147

57,701
20,137

73,192
25,937

92,112
31,215

235,089
98,321

187,422 - 20.3
71,288 - 27.5

1913
1913

243
278

284
264

159
226

174
212

178
170

225 + 26.8
219 + 28.8

25,114
6,193

23,745
4,727

32,685
8,413

89,944
19,459

71,662 - 20.3
16,149 - 17.0

1913
1913

160
249

198
395

164
202

138
245

152
291

144 - 5.5
222 - 23.7

55,152 63,057
19,357
22,406
6,291 10,342
215,743 256,178

45,309
10,678
5,064
251,969

146,451
31,328
12,603
675,296

183,446
69,704
21,146
689,116

-f 25.3
+122.5
+ 67.8
+ 20.5

1913
1913
1913
1913

195
142
159
144

172
130
256
169

300
488
345
159

248
339
228
145

209
272
318
144

239
235
523
171

+
+
+

14.3
13.G
64.4
18.7

-

+
-

FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATES.
Europe:
England—
France
Italy
Belgium
Germany
Netherlands
Sweden
Switzerland
Asia:
Japan
India
Americas:
Canada
Argentina
Brazil
Chile

dolls, per Can. doll.
dolls, per gold peso.
dolls, per milreis.
dolls, per paper peso.

General index of for. exchange

index number.

7

+ 0.6
+ 0.2
0.0
+ 9.6
- 3.4

U. S. FOREIGN TRADE.
Imports by Grand Divisions.
Europe:
Total
thous. of dolls.
France
thous. of dolls.
Germany
thous. of dolls.
Italy
thous. of dolls.
United Kingdom
thous. of dolls.
North America:
Total
thous. of dolls.
Canada
thous. of dolls.
South America:
Total.
thous. of dolls.
Argentina
thous. of dolls.
Asia and Oceania:
Total
thous. of dolls.
Japan
thous. of dolls.
Africa, total
thous. of dolls.
Grand total.
thous. of dolls.
Exports by Grand Divisions,
Europe:
Total
France
Germany
Italy
United Kingdom
North America:
Total
_
Canada




+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+

20.1
11.7
8.2
73.0
25.9

thous. of dolls. 128,956
thous. of dolls.
16,054
.thous. of dolls.
22,053
5,637
thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls., 53,390

180,121
19,080
35,658
6,558
72,793

199,256
19,597
30,503
16,908
78,155

763,291
75,854
118,152
72,269
282,399

458,016
52,864
81,380
21,461
191,036

40.0
30.3
31.1
70.3
32.4

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

191
159
132
397
190

159
153
104
258
159

124
134
74
229
140

119
138
81
141
132

103
125
75
86
108

144
149
122
100
148

+
+
+
+
+

39.7
18.8
61.7
16.3
36.3

59,724
35,303

73,565
44,477

96,083
48,168

365,992
147,720

191,425 - 47.7
112,383 - 23.9

1913
1913

222
134

192
148

124
104

116
97

119
105

147 +
132 +

23.2
26.0

. . . . . t h o u s . of dolls..
thous. of dolls..

38
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.

Feb.,
1922

Mar.,
1922

Corresponding
month,
Feb.,
or
Mar.,
1921.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1921

1922

Percentage
increase
<+)
or decrease

•(-)
cumulative
1922

INDEX NUMBERS.

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1921

1921

1922

or decrease
Feb. Mar.

from

Percentage increase

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

1921.

from
Feb.

U. S. FOREIGN TRADE—Continued.
Exports by G r a n d Divisions—Continued.
South America:
Total
Argentina
Asia and Oceania:
Total
Japan
Africa, total
Grand total

.thous. of dolls,
.thous. of dolls.

14,096
6,246

17,200
6,987

28,621

..thous. of dolls,
.thous. of dolls,
.thous. of dolls.
..thous. of dolls.

43,626
18,788
4,346
250,748

54,112
22,852
5,269
330,267

53,915
16,410
8,806

234,477
61,285
34,790
1,527,405

69,275
32,275
20,220
16,576

87,879
45,261
22,095
20,309

93,742
50,888
17,739
24,980

58,335
2,754
6,869
48,000

64,581
3,270
8,465
51,760

66,809
2,897
5,832

10,174
2,276
5,323
2,575

10,154
2,709
5,015
2,428

45,160 19,420 -

65.0
63.2

1913
1913

318
359

234

133
158

114
135

115
136

141 + 22.0
152 + 11.9

152,465
69,625
12,845
853,198

+
-

35.0
13.6
63.1
44.1

1913
1913
1913
1913

493
423
506
235

311
315
365
187

340
590
167
143

316
537
134
135

252
361
180
121

312
439
218
156

+
+
+
+

307,767
147,796
80,248
78,841

233,642
111,490
66,880
54,595

-

24.1
24.6
16.7
30.8

1913
1913
1913
1913

151
197
109
145

146
210
76
155

133
162
118
113

119
140
105
110

108
133
86
103

137
187
94
126

+ 26.9
+ 40.2
+ 9.3
+ 22.5

227,787
9,824
19,381
194,892

186,063
8,885
22,366
151,584

- 18.3
- 9.6
+ 15.4
- 22.2

1913
1913
1913
1913

156
113
101
170

153
107
100
166

136
117
133
138

144
105
121
151

133
101
118
140

148
120
145
151

+ 10.7
+ 18.7
+ 23.2

8 888
2,851
4,074
1,962

26,847
6,563
13,364

28,787
7,140
14,353
7,288

+
+
+
+

7.2
S.8
7.4
6.1

1913
1913
1913
1913

117
82
83

97
215
76
80

101
183
80
102

93
162
75
93

111
171
100
105

111 - 0.2
204 + 19.0
94 - 5.8
- 5.7

252,278 304,293
11,995 15,057
296
224
5,201
4,014

232,043
9,121
150
1,968

726,605

895,919
42,865
774
13,236

+ 23.3
+ 27.2
+ 39.7
+145.2

1920
1920
1913
1913

66
48
41
28

63
41
36
32

92
71
61
66

68
54
54

300,100
415,000

386,000
359,100

54
76
73

45
56
69
63

34
51
74
50

35
65

16,158

1913
1913
1913
"1920

91.5

1913

93

85

85

305,163 - 20.7
171,774 - 27.5

1919
1919

72
103

- 8.0
7,503 + 5.3
7,420 - 23.9
347 + 30.9

1913
1913
1913
1913

43
70
85

12,166

128,855
52,835

24.0
21.6
21.2
31.7

TRADE AND I N D U S T R Y O F F O R E I G N
COUNTRD3S.
United K i n g d o m .
Imports (values):
Total
thous. of £ sterling.
Food, drink,and tobacco, thous. of £ sterling.
Raw material.
thous. of £ sterling.
Manufactured articles... .thous. of £ sterling.
Exports (values):
Total
thous. of £ sterling.
Food, drink,and tobacco .thous. of £ sterling.
Raw material.
thous. of £ sterling.
Manufactured articles
thous. of £ sterling.
Reexports (values):
Total
thous. of £ sterling.
Food, drink, and tobacco, thous. of £ sterling.
Raw material
thous. of £ sterling.
Manufactured articles... .thous. of £ sterling.
Exports of key commodities (quantities):
Cotton piece goods
thous. of sq. yds.
Woolen and worsted tissues, thous. of sq. yds.
Iron and steel
thous. of long tons.
Coal
thous. of long tons.
Production:
Pig iron
long tons.
Steelingots
long tons.
Coal
thous. of metric tons.
Stocks, zinc
short tons.
Employment:
Trade-unions

per cent employed.

9,345

7,140

83.7

56,969

33,691
554
5,397

37

82
68
71
85

28

+

+
+
+
+

7.8

20.6
25.5
31.3
29.6

-23.6

The Netherlands.
Total trade (values):
Imports
thous. of guilders. 152,667
Exports
thous. of guilders. 85,668
Exports of key commodities (quantities):
1,242
Butter
metric tons..
3,760
Cheese
metric tons..
3,891
Margarene
metric tons.
138
Flower bulbs
metric tons..
Germany.
Total trade (values):
Imports
Exports

thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls.

8,543
1,760

1,316
3,863
5,010
146

384,630
236,791
3,253.
7,126
9,749
265

57,960
69,950

, . .short tons.
thous. of metric tons.

170,494
120,956

123,709
144,855

7

65
73

76
83

36

38
63
102
21

57

40
68
66
7

31

1913
1913

27
35

117

110

Belgium.
Production:
Zinc
Coal

i Nine months' average April to December, inclusive.




9,866

5,115
1,778

21,475
3,819

27,501 + 28.1
3,632 - 5.4

1920
1913

93

105
103

127 + 15.5

39
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.

BASE
YEAR
OB
PERIOD.

NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end of
bulletin.

i
.

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase
1921

1921

Percentage increase

1922

{

v

Feb. Mar. Dec. | Jan.Feb. Mar.

or decrease
j (-)
i
Mar.
from
Feb.

TRADE AND INDUSTRY OF FOREIGN
COUNTRIES—Continued.
Canada.
Total trade:
Imports
thous. of dolls.
Exports
thous. of dolls.
Exports of key commodities (quantities):
Canned salmon
thous. of pounds.
Paper, printing
thous. of pounds.
Cheese
thous. of pounds.
Wheat
thous. of bush.
Production:
Pig iron
thous. of long tons.
Steel ingots
thous. of long tons.
Bank clearings
mills, of dolls.
Bond issues:
Government and provincial...thous. of dolls.
Municipal
thous. of dolls.
Total
thous. of dolls.
Corporation
thous. of dolls.
Employment:
Trade-union employment, per cent employed.
Applications
number..
Vacancies
number..
PlacementsRegular
number..
Casual
number..
Business failures:
Firms
number..
Liabilities
thous. of dolls..

1913
1913

5,065 !|467,251 ||+
,761 | 17,747 ! -

6.9
25.6
25.4
36.9

129
211

166
221

1913

134
432

619

1913
1913

107
277

92
150

150

104
594
65
412

110
553
12
73

578
36
67

97

72

142 + 46.1
194 + 29.5

106 j+46.7
778 !+ 34.6
- 25.0

+

7.9

1913

110

1913

69
68
161

61
167

48
49
200

1913

100
69
130

237
59
115
81

70
44
52
126

167
65

1913
1920
1920

87
81
43

86
87
66

51

102
57

1920

45
78

54
87

38
198

39
138

137

1913

110
204

105
305

187
349

217
437

664

thous. of bush..
thous. of bush..
thous. of bush..
thous. of bush..

1913
1913
1913
1914

70
32
50
85

104
18
66
186

32
55
23
155

87
37
43
76

223
48
86
80

321 |+ 43.7
28 I - 41.0
50 - 42.1
0.0
80

thous. of bush..
thous. of bush..
thous. of bush..

1913
1913
1914

93
29
412

143
23
440

114
92
495

229
69
275

272
57
302

186 - 31.6
46 - 20.0
385 + 26.1

.thous. of yen..
thous. of yen..

1913
1913

196
146

225
266
179 ' 277

290
165

323
192

218

1913

190
86

181
89

173
106

206
112

141

178
189

217
165

132
183

130
160

139
198

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

1920
1913

71

40
48
143

167 + 16.9

110
123
107

35

207

139 - 32.5
320 ! - 51.8

Argentina.
Grain shipments:
Wheat
Corn
Oats
Flaxseed
Visible supply:
Wheat
Corn
Flaxseed
Japan.
Total trade (values):
Imports
Exports

+

4.7

British India.
Total trade (values):
Imports
Exports

thoos. of rupees..
thous. of rupees..

— 16.0
+ 33.9

1913

108

Australia.
Total trade (values):
Imports
Exports




thods. of £ sterling..
thous. of £ sterling..

9,250!
12,980 |

j 11,841
j 12,390

17,890 j j - 38.9

1913

23,460 ' : -

1913

1.3

160 + 13.5
135 + 24.7

40

TEXTILES.
Table 1.—INDEX NUMBEKS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

WOOL.

Consumption.*

YEAB AND MONTH.

Relative
to 1913.
1909-13 monthly average 1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 Tnonthly average
1916 Tnonthly average. 1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 TnoTitbJv average.
1921 monthly average

COTTON
CLOTH.

ELASTIC
WEBBING.

Production
Visible
(crop es- s u p p l y .8 Exports.
timate).

Sales.

COTTON.

U. S.
Commercial Govern- Imports
Imment (unmanu- Exports. 6
quarquar- factured).
ports.*
terly
terly
stocks. stocks.
Relative to 1919.

Stocks.?
Consumed. 7
I N MILLS.

IN WAREHOUSES.

Relative
to 1909-13
average.

Relative to 1913.

Relative
to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

100
100
110
119
168
134
146
142
118
135

100
171
272
296
277

100
88

100
39

299
294
171
211

2 1OO
2 105
96
81
55
47
75
71
74

166
158
114

100
102
104
126
132

100
97
99
127
141

100
100
177
182
153

124
86
88
87

100
100
146
114
91

2 100
2 93
117
139
172

92
144
246
114

133
108
117
85

112
108
131
88

153
206
174
255

92
88
103
64

92
114
128
144

122
154
184
124

100
87
81

I

j

1920.
January
February
March
April .

179
156
166
165

Mav
June. m T
July

142
115
92
93

September
October
November
December

88
95
69
60

r

88

46

86

40

83

38

96

34

332
206
261
428

128
88
109
75

514
610
658
342

123
107
119
118

145
139
138
135

213
201
184
169

154
158
149
141

193
214
237
217

124
106
128
103

106
167
75
114

50
33
29
20

78
97
143
114

112
115
109
100

127
116
101
84

147
131
117
112

88
96

130
115
101
87

243
214
163
127

129
113
82
87

93
69
97
106

31
80
94
108

98
68
111
127

95
83
69
61

68
70
83
93

159
235
290
319

98
93
93
100

84
115
139
158

147
179
158
120

71
47
25
32

167
339
775
516

83
68
52
44

118
138
134
92

76
82
91
85

95
99
100
98

321
313
298
286

157
153
146
145

101
81
89
99

50
59
74
83

117
47
74
125

66
68
73
68

52
48
17
28

91
96
85
97

95
90
83
75

269
245
212
198

65
63

147
145
134
121

107
131
134
152

78
87
80
89

115
72
87
99

72
120
93
88

31
154
253
300

101
103
109
106

76
105
123
130

245
283
299
294

54
50
50
64

129
151
151
148

168
174
144
108

94
100
89
86

175
220
340

65
47
63

207
270
295

109
98
108

125
119
116

262
240
214

137
127
117

84
88
131

81
83

1921.
74
93
118
132

January
March
April
Mav

. . .-

Julv

September
October
N 0 vember
Decemb© r

141
145
132
145
155
168
163
159

106

34

99

27

104

18

1922.
January
February
March
April

153
158
176

Mav




*
See footnotes on opposite page.

41

TEXTILES.
Table 2.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
COTTON.

WOOL.
ConU.S.
Comsump- mercial Govern- Imports
tion
ment (unman- Exports.5 Imquarufacquarports.'
YEAR AND MONTH. in grease
terly
equiva- stocks.
terly
tured).
lent).*
stocks.

59,269
57,554
47,898
54,734

1920.
January
February
March
April

67,387
66,725

May
June
July
August

57,419
46,439
37,438
37,558

September
October
November
December

35,484
38,337
27,926
24,316

1921.
January
February
March
April

30,072
36,555
47,692
53,440

May
June
July
August

57,164
58,706
53,346
58,660

September.
October
November
December

62,811
68,047
66,077
64,237

1922.
January
February....
March
April

61,884
63,941
71,437

IN MILLS.

Production Visible
(crop es- supIN WARE- timate).
ply.8 Exports.
HOUSES.
Thousands of
bales.

ELASTIC
WEBBING.

Sales.

Thousands of
yards.

13,033

1909-13 mo. a v . .
1913 monthly a v . . . 40,523
1914 monthly a v . . . 44,692
48,199
1915 monthly a v . .
68,091
1916 monthly a v . .
1917 monthly a v . . . 54,190
av
av...
av...
av...

Stocks .7
Consumed.?

Bales.

Thousands of pounds.

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

COTTON
CLOTH.*

12,651
21,680
34,393
37,432
35,083

446,214
383,267

169,690
66,051

72,344
63,404

393,287

77,907

381,955

67,689

371,329

65,331

426,498

56,876

475,123

56,912

443,326

46,559

466,065

30,927

»727,048 820,309
8 763,775 8 20,558
33,798
696,583
32,064
585,810
23,103
401,570

482,194
490,394
500,767
606,544
638,184

1,760,351
1,766,241
3,116,900
3,197,001
2,690,700

16,135
11,192
11,450
11,302

3,068
3,070
4,479
3,490
2,798

> 37,062
a 34,572
43,195
51,687
63,719

1,500,619
2,689,271
1,454,170 | 3,632,971
1,762,006 I 3,056,971
1,183,376 j 4,484,848

12,041
11,421
13,440
8,340

2,816
3,492
3,915
4,414

45,348
56,920
68,311
45,969

15,397
13,404
12,425

,853,996
,811,527

3,758,329
3,530,654
3,240,197
2,978,158

4,722
4,840
4,573
4,315

71,447
79,377
87,716
80,276

19,052
16,327
19,656
15,815

90,046
79,402
60,258
47,113

19,801
17,386
12,612
13,327

1,341,889
1,305,576
1,326,773
1,704,731
1,890,108

37,811
37,158
21,635
26,717

342,696
546,432
513,261
539,602

18,781
29,226
49,999
23,137

640,444
518,653
563,517
407,499

41,950
26,103
33,032
54,086

929,671
640,320
794,460
546,125

104,485
123,880
133,727
69,357

591,921
515,699
575,789
566,914

13,388
21,080
9,445
14,448

364,904
241,449
211,841
146,668

15,767
19,635
28,988
23,106

541,377
555,155
525,489
483,193

,554,274
,358,147
1,130,694

2,586,868
2,301,016
2,055,015
1,968,218

11,450
12,519

4,002
3,539
3,110
2,662

11,737
8,706
12,251
13,392

228,068
583,725
683,323
788,578

20,004
13,825
22,513
25,890

457,647
401,325
332,712
294,851

907,288
940,480
1,118,418
1,251,122

2,792,152
4,132,967
5,100,978
5,623,266

12,783
12,123
12,123
12,987

2,579
3,519
4,273
4,846

54,465
66,272
58,588
44,377

10,915
7,161
3,859
4,932

21,169
42,886
98,103
65,336

605,381
493,426
375,180
319,933

24,024
28,055
27,282
18,731

366,270
395,115
438,218
408,882

1,273,067
1,327,155
1,336,542
1,316,015

5,645,368
5,503,139
5,252,852
5,028,631

4,822
4,707
4,476
4,434

37,487
30,087
33,024
36,772

7,705
9,079
11,443
12,791

14,745
5,952
9,397
15,867

477,389
495,590
527,323
495,130

10,542
9,849
3,452
5,631

439,884
461,656
410,120
467,103

1,279,314
1,204,572
1,115,847
1.002,981

4,739,851
4,306,236
3,724,512
3,480,783

8,433
8,203

4,512
4,454
4,108
3,724

39,767
48,395
49.668
56,381

12,040
13,347
12,280
13,660

14,592
9,086
10,946
12,520

522,839
874,510
648,695
639,825

6,362
31,269
51,440
61,006

484,647
494,745
526,610
511,800

1,016,032
1,404,931
1,648,216
1,737,771

4,309,893
4,981,856
5,271,451
5,177,266

7,037
6,537
6,537
8,340

3,944
4,624
4,623
4,544

62,290
64,489
53,422
39,842

14,537
15,369
13,654
13,193

22,152
27,834
43,071

475,910
338,440
461,484

42,093
54,761
59,957

526,552
473,073
518,450

1,675,033
1,596,582
1,553,961

4,618,226
4,221,830
3,765,804

4,202
3,891
3,593

31,037
32,707
48,406

12,493
12,730

,952,326

May..
June.

I
1

Except visible supply of cotton from the Commercial and Financial Chronicle and sales of elastic webbing from the Webbing Manufacturers' Exchange. Other sources
are as follows: Wool (consumption and quarterly stocks) and Cotton production from the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates; Wool
(imports), Cotton cloth, and Cotton (exports and imports), from the U. 8. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; Cotton (consumed and on
hand), from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
* These figures are for fiscal years; those following are for calendar years.
• Includes duck and other cloth, bleached, unbleached, and colored.
* Figures for 1918,1919,1920, and 1921 compiled from monthly reports on consumption by mills; preceding years compiled from production and net imports.
6 Running bales counting round as half bales; linters are included.
• 500-pound bales.
» Figures listed for years 1913 through 1921 represent monthly averages of cotton consumed and on hand at end of month during crop years (beginning Aug. 1 of the
preceding year and ending July 31 of the year to which the figure is credited). Figures are in running bales, counting round as half bales, and do not include linters.
8
These figures represent world visible supply of American cotton.




42

TEXTILE MANUFACTURES.
Table 3.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

KNIT UNDERWEAB.2

Production.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

New
orders
received.

Relative
to

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO
92

Foreign.

Total.

FIBER
(unmanufactured).

BURLAP.

Imports.

Relative to

Relative to 1913.

1909-1913.

1OO

1OO
90
109
120

1OO
118
112
127

1OO
228
391
371

1OO
149
191
196

1OO
114
115
115
144

1OO
112
108
100
95

130
113
132
65
89

468
506
419
266
315

225
224
213
122
152

116
111
95
118
71

120
107
109
140
117

1

219

20

1OO
151

169
154

170
130
87

50
41
41

182
260
583

87
103
194

117
115
137

113
116
169

142

78

33

979

299

121

114

85
92

101

1OO
43

137
131
106

i
591

127
142
162
116
133

89

....

1921 monthly average

Domestic.

Imports.

Feb.-Dec, 1920.

i

average
average
average
avprape

RECEIPTS OF WOOL
AT BOSTON.

i

Relative to
11 months' average,

!

1916 monthlv average
1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthlv

Unfilled Storage ConShip- Cancel- orders
at
ments. lations. end of end of sumpmonth. month. tion. 3

Relative to 6 months' average,
July-Dec, 1920.

1920.

Av. July-Dec., 1920
1909-1913 monthly average
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average

RAW SILK.

125
83

88
113

29
97

224
190

84
123

103
142

152
173

!

1920.
January
February
March
April

124
122
124

v

125
i

May..
June
July
August

125
122

September
October
November
December

. . . .

j

112

62

161

85

283

105

61

91

118

146

126

107

192

103

53

158

136

177

103

97

94

163

126

152

153

191

113
77

40
226

134
78

164
166

52
44

103
100

93
63

69
54

89
50

155
26

108
43

101
120

150
137

35

127

39

11

25

97

60

46

34

167

72

107

105

17

92

21

39

19

89

53

34

39

150

70

94

74

26
43
76

399
297

31
54
93

7
6
17

101
95
105

64
56
33

124
93
143

25
82
77

26
30
46

315
733
1,229

107
228
378

68
94
96

144
143
80

76

528

68

13

167

40

162

170

42

860

272

93

137

84
100
78
108

468

95
114
102
134

18
17
24
15

164
175
188
159

41
31
36
38

153
190
181
184

156
136
171
179

58
95
183
203

231
26
47
75

107
76
145
167

82
96
75
46

128
108
99
101

128
133
132

1,356
539

145
153
105

18
17
52

344
357
396

46
39
39

175
150
140

161
110
120

109
81
81

43
50
90

91
72
84

41
37
39

93
89
148

108

444

115

40

384

50

117

204

112

78

102

88

128

120
128
131

1,018

154
135
141

20
31
24

400
386
306

63
58
44

190
124
143

136
104
88

103
99
81

247
224
559

143
135
213

51
65
97

111
92
122

1921.
January..
February
March....
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
1922.
January... .
February.
March
April

.. ..

.

. ..

549
425
706

832

553
458

l

May....
June




ij
See footnotes on opposite page.

43

TEXTILE MANUFACTURES.
Table 4.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

KNIT UNDERWEAR^

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Orders received.

Unfilled i Storage:

Cancel- orders
at end !
lations. at end of | of
month, month.

Shipments.

Dozens.
Av. July.-Dec., 1920

RECEIPTS OF WOOL
AT BOSTON.

RAW SILK.

Imports.

48,900

28,613

3,850
2,566
3,094
3,406

1914 monthly a v . . .
1915 monthly a v . . .
1916 monthly a v . . .
1917 monthly av
1918 monthly av
1919 monthly av
1921 monthly av

'

!

542,700

461, 775

9,900

17,830
26,941

68,021
65,026
52,785
44,457

596,175 j

49,793
21,315
1,102,350 |

30,071
27,511
25,336
22,325
14,869
10,836
17,241

13,483

3,619
4,060
4,627
3,305
3,780

17,510

24,705

42,215

15,275

26,682

41,956

17,825

22,093

39,918

8,809

14,030

22,839

11,977

16,613

28,589

33,318
31,886
27,273
33,817
20,416

4,857

1913 monthly a v . . .

i 591,450 |

Thou- |
sands of j
pounds.

502,350

1909-1913 monthly a v .

1920 monthly av

BURLAP.

Imports.

Long
tons.

Thousands of pounds.

Bales.

j 100,950 I 459,000

Domestic. Foreign. Total.

FIBER
(unmanufactured).

6,715

3,696

5,559

9,597
13, 727
30,791
51,691

16,312
19,285
36,335
56,185

33,478
32,928
39,207
34,755

11,806
10,056
7,701
6,675 j

15, 734
23,133
23,652
28,587

29,449
40,618
30,623
43,824
28,945
34,354
30,661

5,278

18,761

15, 894

12,012

27,906

15,142

20,660

35,801

17,100

19,583

36,683

33,922

32,596 ! 37,917
32,960 | 36,519
32,769
34,047
41,060
32,147
40,653
36,366
36,890
47,398
39,514

1920.
January

735,300

February

722,700

March

j

April

735,300
739,800

May

!
|

661,500

August

606,600

September.
October
November.
December..

668,700

1921.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August..
September.
October
November.
December..

453,600
209,700
99,900

156,600
252,000
451,800
446,400
498,600
589,500
460,800
639,900
759,600
785,700
778,500
693,000

4,494

2,506

3,928
13,077
15,950
21,912

62,100
53,100

783,900
723,600

41,400
66,600

1,420,200
889,200

40,500
228,600
128,700
92,700

615,600
356,400
177,300
97,200

80,100
81,000
5,400
18,900

261,000
220,500
127,800
95,400

51,128
49,807
48,357
44,536

16,624
11,152
10,735
9,428

1,969
1,532
1,320
972

12,008

5,242

7,901

20,211
8,068
13,418
13,143

402,300
299,700
553,500
532,800

141,300
245,700
425,700
311,400

3,600

506,700
477,000
528,300
837,000

31,859
27,928
16,386
20,038

22,176
16,525
25,585
28,900

709
2,328
2,202
4,857

3,465

5,695

16,608
38,718
64,866
45,380

20,073
42,753
71,009
51,075

472,500
554,400
429,300
712,800

437,400
522,900
469,800
613,800

9,000

823,500
878,400
943,200
801,000

20,541
15,521
17,866
18,899

27,209
33,846
32,325
32,790

4,435

7,851
12,830
24,693
27,327

12,193
1,395
2,464
3,967

20,044
14,226
27,157
31,294

1,368,900
839,700
540,000
448,200

663,300
701,100
480,600
528,300

1,726,200
1,791,000
1,987,200
1,928,700

23,036
19,304
19,601
24,804

31,229
26,816
24,955
20,930

2,288

17,028
13,536
15,696
19,183

1,027,800
558,000
462,600

708,300
619, 200
648,900

2,011,500
1,940,400
1,535,400

31,139
28,982
22,077

33,842
22,107
25,546

723,600

July

5,545

2,228

42,407
45,830
52,265
51,130

740,700

June

2,485

2,700
8,100
6,300

8,100
11,700
7,200
9,000
8,100
25,200
19,800

3,221
2,582
2,691

3,871
4,868
5,115
4,598
3,141
3,412
5,824

8,203
1,369

4,580

4,035
6,143

14, 740
10,885
10,965
15,091

4,092

13,825
13, 407
10,899

13,061
11,839
29,047

2,651
4,731

38,354
39,222
57,258
38,685
51,433
58, 713
65,280
64,797
50,766
46, 443
35,466
25,063

19,374

48,903

26,852

48,542

27,571

27, 278

26,733

46,341

23,486

43,513

27,537

36, 721

21,401

33,557

13,264

34,350

11,760

31,409

10, 713

30,233

11,126

50,064

25,110

43,462

1922.

January
February
March
AprQ

711,900
756,900
777,600

9,900
15,300
11,700

3,881
2,964
2,508

14,612

37,781

25,246

18, 462

31,345

39,946

27,874

41,240

May..
June.
1
Except imports of raw silk, unmanufactured fibers and burlap from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. The figures
for knit underwear are secured from the Knit-Goods Manufacturers of A merica; those relating to raw silk from the Silk A ssociation of A merica. Receipts of wool at Boston
are compiled by the Boston Chamber of Commerce.
8
The preliminary report from the Bureau of the Census shows that, in 1919, the total production of knit underwear in the United States amounted to 26,517,000 dozens
compared with 28,032,000 dozens in 1914. In terms of monthly averages, the 1919 output was at the rate of 2,209,000 dozens, which, by comparison, indicates that the
normal production of the mills reporting above comprises about 40 per cent of the industry.
1
Consumption figures represent withdrawals from warehouses.




44
ACTIVE TEXTILE MACHINERY.
Table 5.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data front Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
COTTON.2

WOOL.*

YEAR AND MONTH.

Woolen Worsted
spindles. spindles.

Wide

looms.

Narrow
looms.

Carpet
looms,

Woolen Worsted
Active
Wide Narrow
spindles. spindles. spindles. looms. looms.

Relative to 1913.
A.-INDEX

Carpet
looms.

Per cent of active to total.

Active
spindles.
Thousands.

B.—NUMERICAL D A T A .

NUMBERS.

average.
average.
average.,
average.
average.

100
101
110
116
121

1OO
104
100
122
115

100
99
95
116
116

100
105
96
126
121

1OO
99
104
118
109

1OO
102
102.
105
109

1918 monthly average.,
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

118
105
94
90

108
104
105
109

119
105
92
93

118
104
100
93

90
79
100
81

January..
February.
March
April

118
121
117
118

122
124
119
126

116
119
115
118

112
112
110
114

May....
June
July....
August.

116
100
79
70

126
116
91
84

115
99
78
69

71
74
74

84
100
88
77

65

53
53

66
77
91
105

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

COTTON.*

WOOL.*

*68
67
71

30,246
30,920
30,720
31,807
32,984

61
54
55

33,624
33,429
34,458
32,525

82
80
83

70
71
72
72

34,740
34,656
34,698
34,359

85
73
58
51

82
78
68
70

72
71
68
68

34,070
34,457
34,667
34,472

48
51
53
49

65
65
62
55

64
65
62
60

34,041
33,772
31,700
29,879

43
57
64

51
51
58
66

54
50
40
43

31,509
32,497
32,148
32,536

87
90
90
87

74
80
81
80

71
75
75
74

46
47
49
50

32,631
32,665
32,446
33,059

78

72
74
75
78

60

78

92
91
92
90

74

33,898
34,222
34,487
34,489

75

87

73

70
66

74
78
79

34,458
33,797
31,875

84

65

79
73
73
72

«74

78
85

77
74
90
85

73

111
111
114
108

91
81
72

80
77
78
81

88
78
68

103
104
106
106

115
115
115
114

91
93
90
91

90
92

86
88
85
87

112
107
93

106
104
100
100

113
114
115
114

89
77
61
54

86
67
62

89
89
85
75

94
96
91
88

113
112
105

55
57
57
48

62
74
65
57

58
62
77

70
70
79
90

79
74
59
63

104
107
106
108

41
41
53

49
57
67
78

97
103
103
104

68
69
72
74

108
108
107
109

76
79

104
103
107

88
101
107
109

112
113
114
114

78
78

109
115
116
116

114
112
105

70

»73
77
70
92

76
73
68

1920.

September..
October
November..
December..

69
72

1921.
January..
February.
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.

103
104
103

118
122
122
118

100
108
109
108

September..
October
November..
December..

101
101
104
101

124
123
124
122

105
103
104

97
95
104
109

118
116
116
101

*46

76
77
73

69
73

1922.
January...
February.,
March
April

93

108
100
100

May..
June..
1 Data from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census.
2 The monthly averages are for cotton crop years (beginning Aug. 1 and ending July 31). Figures opposite any one year represent the monthly average number of active
cotton spindles for the period beginning Aug. 1 of the preceding year.
* Data for 1913 collected by the National Association of Wool Manufacturers.
* Reported as of the 1st of the month.




45
HOURLY ACTIVITY IN TEXTILE MACHINERY.
Table 6.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
WOOL.'

WOOL.'
Spinning
spindles.

Looms.

YEAR AND MONTH.

WIDE.

NARROW.

CARPET
AND
RUG.

Sets
of Combs.
cards.

Spinning
spindles.

Looms.

Sets
of

WOOLEN.

WORSTED.

WIDE.

Relative to 12-month average, Nov., 1920-Oct., 1921.

NARROW.

CARPET
AND
RUG.

cards.

Combs.
WOOLEN.

WORSTED.

Total Activity
activity spindle
of
in
spindles place.

Millions
of hours. Hours.

Per cent of active hours to total reported.
B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS
12 mo. av. Nov., 1920,
100
to Oct., 1921
1921 monthly average. 108

COTTON.

1OO
108

1OO
106

1OO
108

1OO
109

1OO
108

100
108

61.0

55.7
60.3

46.2

66.0

49.0

62.9
68.2

77.0
83.9

63.3
68.4

71.7
77.6

1920.
November
December

75
66

94
71

120
116

86
68

80
64

84
73

86
65

45.9
40.3

52.3
39.6

55.3
53.8

54.1
42.9

61.6
49.0

53.3
46.1

61.5
46.6

1921.
January
February
March
April

55
49
90
101

52
60
77
95

92
79
78
77

54
57
79
102

48
64
96
115

50
56
78
104

49
62
87
104

33.3
30.0
54.7
61.7

28.8
33.3
42.9
52.7

42.5
36.5
36.1
35.7

33.9
35.7
49.4
64.2

37.1
49.0
73.8
88.7

31.6
35.5
49.5
65.9

34.8
44.7
62.1
74.3

May
June
July
August

120
131
135
130

113
125
132
127

82
95
102
91

119
128
131
126

123
128
125
114

122
129
129
126

121
125
130
120

73.4
80.1
82.5
79.2

63.2
69.9
73.7
70.6

38.0
44.1
47.1
42.1

75.0
80.2
82.1
79.4

94.6
98.6
95.9
87.4

77.1
81.4
81.8
80.0

86.5
89.6
93.4
85.7

7,320

200

September
Ocober
Nnvftmhftr
December

126
122
123
117

124
130
131
133

124
142
151
157

125
126
130
125

118
127
129
122

124
125
129
123

123
129
128
122

76.7
74.2
75.1
71.3

69.0
72.5
73.0
74.3

57.4
65.5
69.9
72.7

78.9
79.0
82.0
78.8

91.2
97.6
99.5
93.8

78.8
79.1
81.7
78.1

88.5
92.2
91.9
87.4

7,379
7,583
7,689
7,726

202
207
210
210

1922.
January
February .
March
. ..
April

110
106
108
103

130
122
122
114

152
165
166
169

116
120
134
141

128
125
126
107

118
118
129
136

120
120
115
99

67.1
64.8
65.9
63.1

72.2
68.0
68.1
63.5

70.3
76.1
76.9
78.2

72.9
75.4
84.4
88.4

98.6
96.3
97.2
82.3

74.4
74.6
81.6
85.9

86.2
86.1
82.7
70.8

7,932
7,120
7,779

215
193
221

May
June
i Compiled by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.




* Reported as of the 1st of the month, but really covers previous month's operations.

46

TEXTILE WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 7.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

COTTON.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Price to
producer.

COTTON |
YARN.

WOOL.

COTTON GOODS.

Carded,
Middling
white,
! Print
cloth,
upland, northern,
27",
New
mule spun,
York. 22/1 cones, Boston.
Boston.

Sheetings,
4/4 Ware
shoals,
L L,
New York.

WORSTED
YARN.

UnOhio,
washed, fine, u n price to
washed,
producer. Boston.

2/32's
crossbred
stock,
Philadelphia.

WO3EEN'S
SUITDRESS
GOODS. 1 INGS.
I

SILK,
RAW.

Storm
| Wool-dyed,
blue,
serge, all
Japanese,
55/56",
Kansai
wool,
MiddleNo. 1 ,
double
sex,
i New York.
warp, 50",
Boston.
New York.

i

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly av....
1914 monthly av
1915 monthly av
1916 monthly av
1917 monthly av

100.0
88.3
74.1
112.5
179.1

100.0
94.6
79.4
113.1
183.7

100.0
88.0
81.0
120.0
181.2

100.0
88.1
83.5
121.5
192.2

100.0
91.2
84.0
117.6
192.7

100.0
105.3
134.7
165.2
282.6

100.0
109.1
122.7
140.9
250.0

100.0
82.4
101.4
135.2
200.8

100.0
88.9
99.1
135.4
193.4

100.0
94.4
101.2
127.8
204.4

100.0
101.5
91.2
133.7
150.9

1918 monthly av....
1919 monthly av....
1920 monthly av....
1921 monthly a v . . .

245.8
246.6
267.5
102.5

248.5
253.9
264.9
118.8

267.5
240.8
283.8
133.3

327.5
287.0
363.8
146.3

317.3
273.5
343.5
143.0

346.1
305.3
228.3
101.1

290.9
277.3
277.3
140.9

271.5
209.5
234.9
151.7

260.4
234.2
238.3
156.6

261.5
259.5
270.5
189.8

172.3
244.0
227.4
165.8

1920.
January
February
March
April

299.1
301.6
301.6
310.8

307.1
303.2
323.7
331.4

327.1
337.5
338.9
341.1

431.9
445.8
442.0
478.3

406.7
415.0
416.6
423.0

319.1
314.3
308.3
307.1

327.3
340.9
350.0
345.5

289.7
289.7
283.3
283.3

252.6
252.6
252.6
252.6

291.3
291.3
291.3
291.3

466.4
386.5
357.1
261.2

May
June
July
August

314.1
310.0
311.6
306.6

323.2
307.3
320.6
281.1

348.4
336.2
321.9
292.9

462.3
445.8
411.6
338.8

427.0
420.4
380.5
328.0

301.1
231.1
176.6
169.4

327 3
290.9
281.8
277 3

257.5
257.5
225.3
225.3

252.6
252.6
252.6
252.6

291.3
291.3
269.4
269.4

173.2
177.2
126.6
129.3

September.. •
October
November
December

259.1
212.5
161.4
116.6

235.0
176.8
148.4
120.8

257.7
196.2
165.4
142.8

289.9
237.7
188.4
170.4

277.7
241.5
218.4
167.9

167.6
164.6
149.1
131.1

254.5
227 3
177 3
145 5

206.0
193.1
167.4
141.6

225.3
204.4
204.4
204.4

269.4
259.2
233.0
198.1

173.7
164.3
158.9
154.8

1921.
January
February
March
. .
April

95.8
98.3
85.8
78.3

130.6
108.7
92.1
94.9

135.6
129.8
114.2
112.2

167.5
153.0
130.4
124.1

155.2
150.8
141.9
124.3

117.3
118.5
113.1
107.1

140.9
140.9
150 0
150 0

148.1
148.1
154.5
154.5

186.2
157.3
157.3
157.3

198.1
198.1
198.1
198.1

158.9
157.5
161.6
158.9

78.3
81.6
80.0
81.6

101.1
94.1
96.6
108.6

115.4
116.7
112.6
122.3

124.1
124.1
124.3
136.8

119.9
115.8
115.8
117.6

95.8
92.2
92.8
92.2

145.5
140.9
131 8
127 3

160.9
154.5
148.1
148.1

157.3
157.3
157.3
157.3

189.3
189.3
189.3
183.5

154.8
157.5
157.5
148.1

105.0
165.0
147.5
135.0

159.8
154.0
142.3
143.4

160.0
170.2
160.0
154.2

168.4
185.5
174.0
167.5

151.6
167.6
172.0
173.5

92.8
94.6
93.4
101.1

131.8
131 8
131.8
140.9

148.1
148.1
148.0
160.9

157.3
146.5
144.9
144.9

183.5
183.5
183.5
183.5

164.3
165.6
197.0
209.0

136.6
129.1
132.5
133.3

140.0
141.2
143.2

147.5
141.6
142.5

167.5
163.2
173.0

159.6
159.6
156.7

107.7
133.5
149.7

159.1
172.7
177.3

164.5
167.4
160.9

144.9
144.9
144.9

183.5
183.5
183.5

185.8
180.4
165.6

i

.

May
June
July
August
September
October
Noveinber
December

,

1922.
January- February
March
April ..
May
June




1
1
See footnotes on opposite page.

47

TEXTILE WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 8.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers-on opposite page.

COTTON.

YEAB AND MONTH.

COTTON
YARN.

COTTON
GOODS.

Carded,
Sheetings,
white,
UnPrint
4/4 Ware
Middling Northern,
Price to upland,
washed,
mule
cloth, 27",
shoals,
producer. New York.
price to
Boston.
spun,
LL,
22/1 cones,
New York. producer.
Boston.

1913 monthly a v . . . . SO. 1 2 0
1914 monthly a v . . . .
.106
1915 monthly av
.089
1916 monthly a v . . . .
.135
1917 monthly a v . . . .
.215

Ohio,
fine, unwashed,
Boston.

2/32'S
crossbred
stock,
Philadelphia.

Per pound.

Per yard.

Per pound.

WORSTED
YARN.

WOOL.

WOMUEN'S
DRESS
GOODS.

SUITINGS.

SILK,
RAW.

Storm
serge, all Wool-dyed, Japanese,
blue,
wool,
Kansai,
55/56",
double
No. 1,
Middlesex, New York.
warp 50",
Boston.
New York.
Per pound.

Per yard.

$0,128
.121
.102
.145
.235

80.248
.218
.198
.297
.449

80.035
.030
.029
.042
.066

$0,061
.056
.052
.072
.118

$0,167
.176
.225
.276
.472

$0.22
.24
.27
.31
.55

$0,777
.640
.788
1.050
1.556

$0,563
.500
.557
.762
1.088

$1,545
1.459
1.564
1.974
3.158

$3,640
3.694
3.318
4.867
5.494

1918 monthly a v . . . .
1919 monthly a v
1920 monthly av
1921 monthly a v . . .

.295
.296
.321
.123

.318
.325
.339
.152

.662
.596
.703
.331

.113
.099
.126
.051

.195
.168
.210
.087

.578
.510
.381

.64
.61
.61
.31

2.109
1.627
1.825
1.179

1.465
1.318
1.340
.882

4.040
4.009
4.179
2.933

6.273
8.880
8.273
6.035

1920.
January
February....
March
April

.359
.362
.362
.373

.393
.388
.414
.424

.810
.835
.839
.844

.149
.154
.153
.165

.250
.255
.256
.260

.533
.525
.515
.513

.72
.75
.77
.76

2.250
2.250
2.200
2.200

.421
.421
.421
.421

4.500
4.500
4.500
4.500

16.975
14.065
12.998
9.506

May
June....
July....
August..

.377
.372
.374
.368

.413
.393
.410
.360

.862
.832
.797
.725

.160
.154
.142
.117

.262
.258
.234
.201

.503

.72
.64
.62
.61

2.000
2.000
1.750
1.750

.421
.421
.421
.421

4.500
4.500
4.162
4.162

6.305
6.450
4.607
4.704

September.
October
November.,
December..

.311
.255
.194
.140

.301
.226
.190
.155

.638
.486
.409
.353

.100
.082
.065
.059

.171
.148
.134
.103

.280
.275
.249
.219

.56
.50
.39
.32

1.600
1.500
1.300
1.100

1.267
1.150
1.150
1.150

4.162
4.005
3.600
3.060

6.321
5.978
5.782
5.635

1921.
January
February
March
April

.115
.118
.103
.094

.167
.139
.118
.121

.321
.283
.278

.058
.053
.045
.043

.095
.093
.087
.076

.196
.198
.189
.179

.31
.31
.33
.33

1.150
1.150
1.200
1.200

1.047
.885

3.060
3.060
3.060
3.060

5.782
5.733
5.880
5.782

May
June
July
August..

.094
.098
.096

.129
.120
.124
.139

.043

.279
.303

.047

.074
.071
.071
.072

.160
.154
.155
.154

.32
.31
.29
.28

1.250
1.200
1.150
1.150

.885
.885
.885

2.925
2.925
2.925
2.835

5.635
5.733
5.733
5.390

September.
October
November.
December..

.126
.198
.177
.162

.204
.197
.182
.183

.421
.397
.382

.058
.064
.060
.058

.093
.103
.105
.107

.155
.158
.156

.29
.31

1.150
1.150
1.150
1.250

.885
.824
.815
.815

2.835
2.835
2.835
2.835

5.978
6.027
7.154
7.595

.163
.155
.159
.160

.179
.181
.183

.365
.351
.353

.058
.056
.060

.098
.098
.096

.180
.223
.250

.35
.38
.39

1.278
1.300
1.250

.815
.815
.815

2.835
2.835
2.835

6.762
6.566
6.027

.043
.043

1922.
January
February
March
April
May.,
June.
1
Prices of cotton and wool to the producer on the 1st and 15th of each month, respectively, are weighted averages of prices received by producers throughout
the United States for all grades of cotton and wool as compiled by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates. All other prices are
averages of weekly quotations compiled by the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, except wool prices from compilation by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of_ Foreign and Domestic Commerce.




48

IRON AND STEEL.
Table 9.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Baaed on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
IRON
ORE
MOVE- PRODUCTION.
MENT.*
YEAR AND
MONTH.

At Sault
Ste.
Marie
Canals.

iron.

Steel
Ingots. 3

WHOLESALE PRICES.
U. S . STEEL
EXIMP O R T S . P O R T S . CORPORATION.

Iron and steel.4

Unfilled
orders.

Pig Iron.

Foundry, No. BesEarn- 2 North- semer
ern
ings.
(Pitts(Pittsburgh).

burgh).

Steel billets, Bes- C o m semer posite
(Pittsburgh).

steel.*

Composite
finished
steel. 6

Iron
and
steelJ

Composite
pis
iron. 3

Relative to 1913.

1913 mo. av
1914 mo. av
1915 mo. av
1916 mo. av
1917 mo. av

100
65
94
132
128

100
75
97
127
124

100
75
103
137
144

100
56
128
220
235

100
90
89
98
102

100
70
88
165
181

100
52
95
243
215

100
87
93
132
259

100
87
92
139
255

100
78
87
170
271

100
88
95
163
259

100
86
92
161
252

100
87
94
154
266

100
88
92
132
259

1918 mo. av
1919 mo. av
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av

126
98
118
53

125
100
119
54

142
111
135
66

194
160
180
80

53
101
138
38

146
101
170
90.

136
105
129
68

215
189
281
157

214
182
260
148

183
157
218
134

220
193
211
152

213
188
222
152

215
191
249
155

222
194
284
156

3

118
116
132
107

140
135
155
124

146
135
196
173

172
122
125
112

157
161
167
175

118
113
137
107

256
268
267
277

236
250
253
255

186
214
233
233

195
208
220
219

190
210
225
231

226
249
249
256

258
277
279
283

July
August

125
163
173
165

117
119
120
123

136
140
132
141

183
172
183
189

110
153
123
220

185
186
188
183

133
138
144
135

285
290
290
312

257
262
275
287

233
233
242
237

216
213
215
221

230
227
234
239

261
259
261
262

288
291
296
307

September
October
November
December

164
162
104
3

122
129
115
106

141
142
124
110

179
198
190
218

120
150
192
57

176
167
153
138

141
147
131
106

320
303
261
236

295
287
241
216

228
213
193
169

221
213
203
191

239
230
215
187

262
261
242
203

318
305
271
235

2

94
76
62
47

104
82
74
57

239
172
101
71

64
14
17
19

128
117
106
99

126
89
68
64

211
187
173
167

198
184
164
157

169
164
149
145

189
180
171
170

' 184
176
166
165

197
185
172
167

212
194
177
167

51
124
83
82

48
42
34
37

60
47
38
54

62
47
38
33

47
34
40
37

93
87
82
77

68
60
45
57

158
149
138
137

153
144
133
128

144
144
125
115

170
165
153
144

166
159
148
141

165
159
145
137

159
150
140
132

68
60
9

38
49
55
64

55
76
78
67

41
47
55
59

50
52
41
41

77
73
72
72

63
72
51
40

143
143
142
137

128
128
128
128

113
113
113
113

138
134
133
130

136
134
128
127

134
135
132
129

136
137
136
132

64
64
79

75
82
112

69
58
90

50
43
53

72
70
76

41
54
74

133
130
131

126
125
125

109
109
109

126
124
122

124
121
122

127
125
125

132
125
125

1920.
January
February
March
April
May

1921.
January . .
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
1922.
January
February
March
April
May
June
1

See footnotes on opposite page also.
Iron ore movement from U. S. War Department, Engineer Corps; Exports and imports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce;

Wholesale prices from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, representing average of weekly prices. Figures for Pig-iron production (anthracite and coke,
not including charcoal iron) furnished by the Iron Age; Steel-ingot production, American Iron and Steel Institute; Unfilled orders, end of month, and earnings, U. S. Steel
Corporation; Compositefinishedsteel prices, Iron Age; Iron and steel prices, Iron Trade Review; Composite pig iron and steel, American Metal Market.
2
No allowance made for seasonal variation in computing these index numbers. Thefiguresrepresent about 85 per cent of the total iron ore production of the United
States.
» Yearlyfiguresrepresent the monthly averages of total production of all companies as compiled annually by the A merican Iron and Steel Institute. The institute reports
monthly productionfiguresfor 30 companies which, in 1920, produced 84.2 per cent of the total output of the country. In order to make the monthlyfigurescomparable,
they4 have been calculated to a 100 per cent production on the basis of the above percentage.
Based on pig iron and rolled products, as used by the Iron Trade Review. Beginning with January, 1922, figures on exports are not exactly comparable with the
precedingfiguresinasmuch as the new export classification has made it possible to include several items for which formerly no quantities were reported.




49

IRON AND STEEL.
Table 10.—NUMEEICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year is b old-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
IRON
ORE
MOVEMENT.*

YEAR AND
MONTH.

At Sault
Ste. Marie
Canals.

PRODUCTION.

EXIMPORTS. PORTS.

I

Pig Iron.

Steel
ingots.'

Tons.

Short tons.

Iron and steel.<

Unfilled
orders.

Earnings.

Long tons.

Tons.

Thousands of
dollars.

1913 mo.
1914 mo.
1915 mo.
1916 mo.
1917 mo.

a v . . . 5,345,484 2,560,342 2,523,344 228,801
1,920,813 1,901,649
129,123
a v . . . 3,490,418
2,471,881 2,607,018
293,207
a v . . . 5,023,734
3,253,280 3,450,160
503,971
a v . . . 7,050,234
3,182,165 3,634,933
536,980
a v . . . 6,819,343

1918 mo.
1919 mo.
1920 mo.
1921 mo.

av...
av...
av...
av...

WHOLESALE PRICES.

U. S. STEEL
CORPORATION.

Pig iron.
Steel
Founbillets,
dry
Besse- BesseNo. 2
mer
North- mer
(Pitts- (Pittsern
(Pitts- burgh). burgh).
burgh).

Composite
steel.*

Composite
finished
steel.«

Per pound.

Per long ton.

Iron
and
steelJ

Composite

Per long ton.

26,556 5,906,862 Sll,432 $16.00 917.13 925.79 $0.0172 $0.0166 $26.32 $15.42
24,027
23,533
25,906
26,974

4,115,337
5,189,209
9,719,014
10,715,712

5,972
10,866
27,798
24,608

13.90
14.87
21.07
41.39

14.89
15.78
23.89
43.61

20.08
22.44
43.95
69.86

8,634,912
5,995,020
10,022,532
5,330,507

15,595
11,966
14,724
7,726

34.46
30.31
44.90
25.17

36.66
31.13
44.46
25.35

47.27
40.54
56.26
34.46

.0152

.0143

.0163

.0153

22.92
24.76
40.50
70.10

13.52
14.15
20.31
39.99
34.38
29.91
43.80
24.05

.0280

.0267

.0446

.0419

.0379

.0354

.0332

.0312

.0363

.0368

.0261

.0253

56.67
50.37
65.60
40.74

6,727,922
5,213,644
6,308,944
2,837,557

3,208,837
2,548,573
3,034,510
1,378,641

3,587,585
2,807,900
3,406,783
1,665,369

444,835
412,030
183,980

14,052
26,837
36,626
10,088

162,630

3,015,181
2,978,879
3,375,907
2,739,797

3,525,060
3,402,760
3,918,110
3,133,370

333,514
308,846
449,171
395,583

45,796
32,279
33,266
29,681

9,285,441
9,502,081
9,892,075
10,359,747

13,503
12,881
15,705
12,190

40.90
42.90
42.80
44.40

40.40
42.90
43.40
43.65

48.00
55.25
60.00
60.00

0335
.0358
.0378
.0377

.0316
.0349
.0374
.0384

59.40
65.63
65.47
67.49

May....
June
July....
August.

6,705,884
8,725,046
9,243,769
8,809,461

2,985,682
3,043,540
3,067,043
3,147,402

3,424,180
3,540,010
3,328,760
3,563,450

419,064
392,780
419,230
431,519

29,125
40,549
32,742
58,335

10,947,466
10,978,817
11,118,468
10,805,038

15,206
15,760
16,437
15,440

45.65
46.40
46.40
49.91

44.03
44.80
47.15
49.11

60.00
60.00
62.50
61.00

.0371
.0367
.0370

.0381
.0376
.0389
.0397

68.29
68.69
68.87

44.44
44.80
45.60
47.41

September....
October
November....
December

8,747,732
8,684,487
5,563,925
137,564

3,129,323
3,292,597
2,934,908
2,703,855

3,562,410
3,581,920
3,133,810
2,779,530

408,605
451,972
434,290
499,780

31,825
39,797
50,995
15,120

10,374,804
9,836,852
9,021,481
8,148,122

16,174
16,775
15,003
12,099

51.21
48.46
41.76
37.71

50.46
49.21
41.26
36.96

58.75
55.00
49.70
43.50

.0367
.0350

.0381
.0357
.0311

68.86
68.61
63.75
53.45

48.98
47.07
41.80
36.31

95,328

2,416,292
1,937,257
1,595,522
1,193,041

2,616,610
2,077,760
1,865,760
1,441,750

546,402
394,638
230,253
162,793

17,104
3,672
4,505
4,935

7,573,164
6,933,867
6,284,765
5,845,224

14,387
10,158
7,741
7,337

33.84
29.96
27.66
26.71

33.96
31.46
28.16
26.96

43.50
42.25
38.40
37.50

.0325
.0310
.0294
.0293

.0306
.0292
.0276
.0274

51.98
48.81
45.37
43.84

32.62
29.95
27.35
25.80

May....
June
July....
August.

2,747,361
6,640,152
4,356,760
4,384,949

1,221,221
1,064,833
864,555
954,193

1,503,380
1,191,690
954,120
1,351,600

142,553
107,152
75,646

12,570
9,044
10,633
9,706

5,482,487
5,117,868
4,830,324
4,531,926

7,732
6,824
5,167
6,503

25.36
23.84
22.09
21.86

26.16
24.71
22.84
21.96

37.00
37.00
32.25
29.60

.0293
.0283
.0263
.0248

.0276
.0264
.0246
.0234

43.32
41.87
38.14
35.99

24.47
23.08
21.57
20.29

September....
October
November
December

3,610,454
3,209,886
493,122

985,529
1,246,676
1,415,481
1,649,086

1,395,178
1,920,202
1,971,498
1,694,884

106,584
125,516
134,447

13,178
13,910
10,997
10,798

4,560,672
4,286,829
4,250,542
4,268,414

7,258
8,204
6,440
4,967

22.96
22.96
22.66
21.96

21.96
21.96
21.96
21.96

29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00

.0237
.0230
.0228
.0223

.0225
.0222
.0213
.0211

35.34
35.46
34.71

20.99
21.15
20.92
20.42

1,638,697
1,629,991
2,034,794

1,892,496
2,072,473
2,815,619

156,849
131,992
205,424

13,405
11,537
14,149

4,241,678
4,141,069
4,494,148

4,654
6,181
8,505

21.26
20.84
20.96

21.56
21.46
21.46

28.00
28.00
28.00

.0217
.0214

.0206
.0201
.0202

33.45
32.86
32.97

20.42
19.31
19.26

1920.
January..,
February..
March
April

1921.
January..,
February.,
March....
April

1922.
January...
February..
March
April
,

42.72
43.05
43.62

!

May..
June..

•II-

See footnotes on opposite page also.
* Thefiguresfor composite steel compiled by the American Metal Market represent the average price per pound of steel products weighted as follows: 2£ pounds bars,
1J pounds plates, 1J pounds shapes, 1J pounds pipe, 1J pounds wire nails, 1 pound galvanized sheets, and J pound tin plate.
« Composite price offinishedsteel products compiled by the Iron Ageindndes? Steel bars, beams, tank plates, plain wire, open-hearth rails, black pipe, and black sheets.
These products, according to the Iron Age, constitute 88 per cent of the United States output of finished steel.
7 Average of weekly prices compiled by the Iron Trade Review on the following 14 products: Pig iron, billets, slabs, sheet bars, wire rods, steel bars, plates, structural
shapes, black galvanized and blue annealed sheets, tin plate, wire nails, and black pipe. Pig iron average in turn is average of 13 different quotations.
8
The composite pig iron price compiled by the A merican Metal Market is the average price of 10 tons of iron distributed as follows: One ton each of Bessemer Valley;
No. 2 foundry valley; No. 2 X foundry at Philadelphia and at Buffalo; No. 2 foundry at Cleveland and at Chicago; two tons each of basic valley and No. 2 Southern foundry,
Cincinnati.

100797°—22




4

50

FINISHED IRON AND STEEL.
Table 11.—INDEX NUMBEES.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
MERCHANT PIG IRON.
SHEETS, BLUE, BLACK,
GALVANIZED.*

Y E A R AND
MONTH.

Stocks on
hand.

UnUn- ShipProduc- sold ments. Sales. filled
ortion. stocks.
ders.

UnProShipduc- Sales. ments. filled Merortion.
ders. chant
turnaces
only.

Relative to 1920.

1913 monthly av.
1914 monthly av.
1915 monthly av.
1916 monthly av.
1917 monthly av.
1918monthly av.
1919 monthly av
1920monthly av.
1921 monthly av.

100

100

100

100

Steel
plants
makShip- Proing
some ments. duction.
merchant
iron.
Relative to

Relative to 1914.

FABRI- OHIO
CATED
STEEL BARRELS STRUC- FOUN- LOCOMOAND DRUMS.
DRY
TURAL IRON. TIVES.
STEEL.

1921.

Unfilled
orders.

Relative to 1921.

Sales.*

Meltings.*

Total
shipments.

Relative to

Relative to

Relative to

1913.

1921.

1913.

100
100
139
138
120

100

100
39
37
75
110

112
107
108
71

121
73
65
36

100
48

100
830

100
49

100
50

100
32

133
155
44

January
February..
March
April

120
113
119

65
17
57
74

101
119
80

204
133
129
82

125
123
115
113

165
165
180
161

453
314
141
113

194
182
225
163

312
366
344
325

36
38
31
38

150
191
168
137

64
41
34
43

May....
June—
July....
August.

94
97
83
104

61
65
65
78

103
109

104
162
99
92

107
115
117
108

171
147
147
158

75
104
95
102

192
171
177
205

318
299
282
256

40
39
37
31

123
101
101
81

61
56
58
76

September
October
November
December

111
113
99
47

91
117
204
304

111
110
108
73

79
51
33
33

96
80
59
43

154
155
137
115

50
18
19
17

198
173
144
87

216
181
140
120

25
32
43
67

87
51
55
53

66
98
91
93

1921.
January—
February..
March
April

20
25
38
47

670
739
739
713

27
34
34
49

25
37
61

40
39
36
38

78
54
44
40

28
23
29
31

49
45
48
49

109
102
94
90

29
59
62

121
79

72
58
53
60

May....
June
July....
August.

57
46
27
53

1,143
983
917

53
45
37
51

42
29
38
60

33
28
26
26

36
32
26

34
24
40
63

54
43
38
60

95
80
117

25
26
19
31

September
October
November
December

60
74
70
55

791
796
826
809

56
74
69
65

91
58
40

32
35
29
23

29
38
54
63

85
61
48
64

1922.
January
February..
March
April

58
77
94

848
848
813

54
69
84

59
78
183

21
23
44

59
50
66

68
76
152

129
125
44

145
176
57

186
263
85

63
38
84

5 100

100

100

6

100

7 100

1920.

90
93

114
111
105

70
73
81
111

85
78
77
80

91
92
92
84

112
116
113
95

80
80
86
139

67
91
78
61

87
79
72
71

79
69
67
72

85
77
79

105
148
116

69
74
103

67

79
72
71

95

May..

June.




See footnotes on opposite page.

in

96

80
91
150

74
S8
118
93

132
95
145
113
76

90
97
159

104
105

57
75
67

103
109
97

96
109
112
80

472
126
117
100

33
25
9
29

87
106
120

81

112
151
193

25
14
13

156

51

FINISHED IRON AND STEEL.
Table 12.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

MERCHANT PIG IRON.

SHEETS, BLUE, BLACK,
GALVANIZED.^

i

ProducSales.
tion.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Per cent of capacity.

Shipments.

Unfilled
orders.

Long tons.

STEEL BARRELS
AND DRUMS.

Stocks on hand.
Steel
Merplants
chant making Ship- Pro- Unfilled
fursome ments. duc- orders.
naces
tion.
meronly.
chant
iron.
Per
cent
Num- of caber. pac- Number.
ity. _

FABRICATED
STRUCTURAL
STEEL

OHIO
FOUN-! LOCOMODRY
IRON. TIVES

Sales.'

Melt- Total
shipings.* ments.

Long
tons.

Per
cent
of normal.

89,500

1913 mo. av.

306
119
114

378,925 329,964| 332,724 1,305,073, 759,572

1914 mo. ay.
1915 mo. av.

124,583
123,500
107,083

1916 mo. av.
1917 mo. av
1918 mo. av.

100,134
96,200
96,783
63,189

425,425
412,697
145,854

483,511
585,653
189,495

2,432,964

480,650

2.3 72.7 60.8 294.4
94.1
1921 mo. av. 34.9 19.1 35.9 30.7

503,450
586,016
168,494

3,435,852

289,145

1,111,934

634,959

1920.
January
February..
March
April
May

87.4
82.5
86.8
72.3
68.5

1.5 71.5 124.2 366,8
.4 73.3 81.1 361.3
1.3 86.2 78.3 338.2
1.7 58.4 49.9 332.3
1.4 75.1 63.0 315.3

624,363 1,493,939
623,817 1,037,457
681,910 464,921
610,555 373,903
648,425 247,246

644,883
606,767
749,112
543,713
638,128

4,069,402
4, 774,117
4,490,580
4,245,562
4,152,965

275,695
288,077
234,795
289,590
300,381

June
July
August
September.

70.3
60.0
75.8
80.7

1.5 79.6
1.5 64.5
1.8 71.0
2.1 81.0

98.4
60.1
55.9
48.1

340.0
343.2
319.2
283.5

555,981
557,019
600,510
584,573

342,277
313,616
334,914
164,950

570,602
589,454
681,687
658,509

3,900,475
3,676,688
3,344,904
2,813,951

295,185
282,812
236,314
187, 775

80.2
78.2
53.1

31.3
19.8
19.7

234.5
172.4
126.2

588,965
520,605
435,473

58,527
63,015
57,597

577,050
478,284
289,644

2,361,759
1,833,417
1,566,408

244,207
328,198
506,706

119.2
113.8
105.2
112.3

296,335
204,974
166,071
153,193

92,256
74,874
96,942
101,651

161,764
151,239
160,268
161,552

1,425,844
1,326,408
1,231,123
1,172,847

665,376
653,854
685,363
703,488

214,302
209,414
197,240

78,587
81,763
91,248
124,251

148,945
135,892
121,469
99,227

113,682
80,283
132,821
208,227

178,575
144,198
127,137
200,181

1,103,487
1,012,307
1,004,149
1,040,857

693,270
698,600
702,289
637,820

210,243
219,175
213,672
179,431

89,610 16.1
89,548 15.0
96,754 16.2
155,521 22.9

243,490
247,320

60,219
59,302

371

45,556
49,156
46,988

19.2
15.3
22.6
36.9

336

90,386
90,547
72,222
77,727

2.7
4.7
7.0

230

134,551
171,123
150,392
122,248
110,526

1919 mo. av.
1920 mo. av. 7 2 . 7

82.3
October
November. 72.0
December.. 34.2

5188,422 112,O42J17.4 6 234,557

1921.
January
February..
March
April....

14.9
18.3
27.9
34.5

15.4
17.0
17.0
16.4

19.5
24.7
24.5
35.7

May
June
July
August

41.8
33.8
19.7
38.8

19.0
26.3
22.6
21.1

38.2
33.0
27.0
37.1

25.3
17.8
22.8
36.2

96.4
81.8
74.3
75.3

September.
October....
November.
December..

43.6
53.8
51.2
40.1

18.2
18.3
19.0
18.6

41.0
53.4
49.8
47.3

57.0
55.1
35.5
24.2

94.8
102.3
84.9
68.8

108,432
143,762
203,145
240,484

279,938
201,604
157,487
210,485

224,280
304,325
258,725
201,696

1,131,668
1,026,769
942,829
924,922

598,700
522,047
510,990
547,708

160,457
145,327
148,540
174,842

117,112
165,899
130,199
124,006

16.6
25.2
19.7
13.3

240,616
255,423
226,677
193,814

85,995
97,789
99,800
71,500

19.5 39.0 35.6
19.5 50.5 47.3
18.7 61.1 111.4

62.5

224,025
188,857
248,758

225,412
251,489
502,106

230,749
246,684
342,052

876,412
888,787
1,049,684

596,882
545,707
538,987

179,216
167,805
180,912

89,216 15.6
101,830 16.9
168,476 27.7

204,204
248,315
281,794

72,100
78,700
139,300

1922.
January
42.0
February.. 56.1
March
68.0
April
May..
June..

128.7

12.815.3
15.4
20.5

Number.

223
199

20.71

111

196
126
105
132
188
172
178
233
201
300
277
284

220

25,634
52,376
55,864
50,823

177

24.96
16.31

161
185

19.34

75

19.64

80

16.67

57

24.14

95

14.94

101

26.09

75

24.20

29

20.80

89

23.13
31.17
39.97

"I

1
Sheets, blue, black, and galvanized, reported by the National Association of Sheet and Tin Plate Manufacturers; Merchant pig iron by American Pig Iron Association;
Steel barrels and drums by the Steel Barrel Manufacturers' Association; Fabricated structural steel by the Bridge Builders and Structural Society; Ohio foundry iron by Ohio
State Foundrymen's Assoctation; Locomotive shipments are compiled by individual producers and represent practically the total output of the country.
2
Figures represent almost all the independent sheet manufacturers.
«The Bridge Builders and Structural Society state that reports in the earlier years were not as complete as during the last six or seven years. The total tonnages are
probably 10 to 15 per cent less than they should be. Thesefiguresare believed to represent the total business in the United States.
« Represents percentages of actual to normal melt of grey iron foundries in Ohio. Prior to September, reports represent the month beginning with the 15th day of
the calendar month. September figures are for the period Sept. 15 to 30 only. Subsequent figures are for calendar months.
* Relative to 11 months' average, February-December, 1921.
« Relative to 6 months' average, July-December, 1921.
' Relative to 10 months' average, March-December, 1921.




52

NONFERROUS METALS.
Table 13.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
COPPER.
Exorts
Produc- p Pigs, tion.
ingots,

YEAR AND
MONTH.

etc.

ZINC.

TIN.
PriceIngots,
electrolytic
(New
York).

Stocks.

ImportsBars,
blocks,
etc.

PricePig
(New
York).

1
Ship-

Produc- Stocks. Receipts ments
at St.
from
tion.
Louis.
St.

Louis.

LEAD.

PriceShipP r i m e ! Receipts ments
westfrom
at St.
ern
St.
Louis.
(New
Louis.
York).

PricePig,
desilverized
(New
York).

Relative to 1913.
100
107
76
78
113

100
85
110
175
187

100
92
113
171
137

100
87
97
147
135

1OO
78
84
96
132

1OO
102
141
193
193

1OO
49
35
43
132

100
99
110
160
276

1OO
95
107
114
168

1OO
90
247
241
159

1OO
275
289
268
372

1OO
106
109
89
131

1OO
88
104
155
207

83
52
73
73

157
122
114
80

17
55
183
127

124
78
110
47

190
146
112
67

149
132
138
62

101
92
99
195

124
114
114
49

212
203
193
73

142
127
139
90

164
131
201
192

138
91
83
56

169
131
184
105

71
82

123
121
118
122

202
203
154
145

92

150
152
.167
157

99
91
76
80

121

136
148
74

155
216
82

166
158
153
148

311

146
125
108

142
134
138
139

92

125
91

1918 mo. av.
1919 mo. av.
1920 mo. av . . .
1921 mo. av

100
94
113
157
154
156
105
99
39

1913 mo. av.. .
1914 mo. av..
1915 mo. av.. . .
1916 mo. av . .. .
1917 mo. av.. . .

218
227
110

103
112
96
38

198
200
210
204

118
82
67
65

121
121
121
121

290
194
104
177

95
117
184
117

124
109
109
105

157
142
139
132

72
66
71
73

79
132
106
88

177
169
140
174

139
136
141
142

190
195
196
166

125
117
69
78

195
193
196
204

35
33
55
59

119
107
93
87

202
173
161
155

100
71
100
62

99
91
82
76

127
122
115
98

106
126
158
175

143
140
114
122

152
101
146
123

134
129
116
103

196
192
195
220

102
73
54
35

186
166
143
109

1920.
January
February
March
April
May

t...

July
August
September... .
October
November.
December
1921.
February.
March
April

84
75
87
50

78
87
55
59

82
82
78
79

138
192
188
132

27
55
32
26

79
73
64
68

90
62
54
57

187
192
202
200

78
55
52
33

99
60
69
62

101
92
89
90

133
153
141
163

51
30
57
62

113
106
92
97

May
June
July.
August

24
19
17
21

46
71
67
59

82
82
80
75

139
138
136
95

21
43
37
54

72
65
62
59

62
67
54
51

211
221
227
213

31
20
24
27

67
32
40
64

92
85
82
80

243
220
181
256

78
73
51
56

113
103
100
100

September
October
November.
December

21
24
22
18

85
74
103
87

76
81
83
86

95
111
71
92

61
46
72
93

60
61
65
73

50
50
73
76

200
174
165
164

64
62
69
72

89
86
88
122

81
88
89
90

203
182
168
256

52
65
44
49

105
107
107
107

1922.
January
February
March
April

25
37
61

75
75
115

86
82
81

72
76
167

95
97
165

71
68
65

82
78
92

162
158
148

70
39
73

102
110
86

87
83
86

356
212
369

97
78
84

107
107
107

May.




See footnotes on opposite page.

53
NONFERROUS METALS.
Table 14.—NTJMEBICAI DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
COPPER.

YEAR AND MONTH.

PriceImExIngots,
p o r t s - PriceProduc- p o r t s - electroPig
Pigs,
tion
Stocks. Bars,
lytic
(New
blocks, York).
smelter). ingots, (New
etc.
etc.
York).
Per
Thousands of pounds. pound.

109,040 70,461 $0,157

Long
tons.

Per
pound.

Thousands of pounds.

81,318
40,190
28,506
35,196
107,442

27,675
27,360
30,541
44,323
76,461

11,876
7,475
10,503
4,517

.852
.655
.503
.299

86,320
76,500
79,962
35,936

82,482
74,970
80,886
158,788

34,369
31,430
31,644
13,549

60,060*
57,666
54,881
20,739

8,773
13,926
11,980
10,345

.636
.603
.621
.623

87,842
96,512
90,798

80,622
74,186
62,038
65,020

25,439
37,532
40,874
20,434

34,327
43,910
61,225
23,286

9,102

.556
.490
.491
.472

90,830
82,018
80,388
76,452

58,670
53,708
58,078
59,156

21,954
36,470
29,294
24,239

50,320
47,998
39,806
49,524

9,597
6,741
9,551
5,894

.444
.406
.368

73,638
70,670
66,636
56,878

85,800
102,460
128,780
142,116

39,574
38,724
31,538
33,660

43,126
28,774
41,446
34,828

.079
.075

1,847
1,700
2,079
3,153
2,535

159,045'
107,202
100,755
39,331

58,726
36,653
51,771
51,293

.247
.191
.180
.126

312
1,015
3,371
2,351

1920.
January
February....
March
April

49,684
57,595
87,972
64,395

.193
.191
.186
.192

3,723
3,743
2,848
2,676

May....
June
July....
August.

82,792
57,986
46,869
45,859

.191
.190
.190
.190

5,356
3,586
1,926
3,266

•11,196

September.
October
November..
December..

24,455
23,302
38,619
41,728

.187
.168
.146
.137

3,731
3,191
2,966
2,856

av.
av.
av.
av.

PriceShipPrime
Receipts ments Westat St. from St. ern
Louls.2
Louis.'
(New
York).

57,780
58,840
81,586
111,242
111,596

.134
.173
.275
.294

1918 mo.
1919 mo.
1920 mo.
1921 mo.

Stocks.

LEAD.

9,560 80.449
8,351
.353
9,273
.376
14,085
.433
12,908
.594

75,245
53,567
55,260
79,818

av.
av.
av.
av.
av.

Production
(total
primary).

ThousPer
sands of pound.
pounds.

95,845
115,668
160,654
157,177

1913 mo.
1914 mo.
1915 mo.
1916 mo.
1917 mo.

ZINC.

TIN.

11,232
17,584

28,385 «O.O58
26,834
.053
30,490
.144
32,482
.140
47,759
.093

rice
Ship- P Pig, Receipts ments
desilat St.3 from
verized
St.
Louis.
(New
Louis.3 York).

Thousands of
pounds.

Per
pound.

5,476
15,048
15,838
14,670
20,390

8,752 $0,044
9,299
.039
9,516
.046
7,810
.068
11,425
.091

8,995
7,195
11,024
10,490

12,070
7,975
7,298
4,866

.074
.058
.081
.046

.097
.092

17,038
11,937
12,410
6,033

8,974
9,760
8,375
3,367

.087
.088
.092
.090

.081

10,387
10,665
10,737
9,090

10,931
10,282
6,031
6,787

.086
.085
086
.090

.060

10,725
10,535
10,704
12,026

8,908
6,390
4,739
3,063

.073
.063
.048

.074
.081
.052

.082
.083

1921.
January
February
March
April

85,929
76,508
89,127
51,107

54,855
62,480
38,720
41,495

.129
.129
.122
.125

2,546
3,546
3,476
2,441

2,584
5,270
3,028
2,484

.355
.326
.288
.304

51,832
35,538
31,482
33,100

151,906
156,040
164,504
162,886

21,539
15,271
14,476
9,163

28,002
17,025
19,564
17,586

.059
.054
.052
.052

7,311
8,392
7,733
8,916

4,445
2,630
4,948
5,402

.050
.047
.041
.043

May....
June...
July....
August.

24,235
19,434
17,790
21,414

32,259
50,172
47,324
41,249

.128
.128
.125
.117

2,571
2,546
2,521
1,761

2,022
4,133
3,566
5,201

.322
.290
.278
.266

36,052
38,886
30,990
29,242

171,624
179,778
184,816
173,098

8,594
5,426
6,613
7,596

18,985
9,087
11,406
18,053

.054
.049
.048
.047

13,308
12,044
9,894
14,011

6,819
6,416
4,428
4,922

.050
.045
.044
.044

September.
October....
November..
December..

20,927
24,614
22,348
18,595

60,170
52,486
72,786
61,518

.120
.127
.130
.136

1,756
2,041
1,316
1,696

5,796
4,352
6,886
8,880

28,734
29,034
42,270
44,026

162,270
141,648
134,098
133,216

17,585
17,110
19,198
20,016

25,402
24,302
24,862
34,593

.048
.051
.052
.053

11,098
9,955
9,208
14,006

4,553
5,681
3,833
4,318

046
.047
.047
.047

1922.
January
February
March
April

25,848
37,416
61,867

53,130
52,862
80,853

.136
.129
.127

1,331
1,406

9,103
9,295
15,783

47,412
45,026
53,064

131,356
128,248
120,524

19,414
10,698
20,187

29,052
31,323
24,313

.051
.049
.050

19,500
11, €04
20,232

8,514
6,787
7,325

.047

.276

.320
.305
.291

.047
.047

May...
June..,
* Copper production, representing smelter production from domestic ores, for 1913 through 1920, from V. S. Geological Survey, 1921 figures from A merican Bureau of Metal
Statistics; Stocks of tin from New York Metal Exchange; Production and stocks of total primary zinc from A merican Zinc Institute; Receipts and shipments of zinc and lead at
St. Louis from Merchants Exchange of St. Louis; Exports and imports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; Wholesale prices from
U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, representing average of weekly prices.
1
Converted from data in slabs of 80 pounds each.
»Converted from data in pigs of 50 pounds each.




54

COAL AND POWER.
Table 15.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.}

SHIPMENTS.

PRODUCTION.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Bituminous
coal.

Anthracite
coal.

Beehive
coke.

By-product
coke.

1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

Anthracite
coal. 3

Anthracite
coal.a

Relative to
Jan., 1919.

Relative to 1913.
1909-13 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average

STORAGE.

Relative to
1921.

ELECTRIC
POWER
PRODUCTION.

EXPORTS.

Anthracite
coal.

Bituminous
coal.*

Coke.

Relative to 5-year average.

100

100
88
93
105
115
121
96
116
85

100
99
97
96

100
69
82
106

100

111

10S

68

103

127

91

150

121

144

120

161

163

143

129

151

Relative to j
1919.

100

100
88
111

Public
utility
plants.

172

198

100

129

136

73

97

99
91
59
62

242

103

140

261

94

100
113

95

17

157

123

121

157

32

105

109
108
96

176

105

204

100

1920.
January...
February..
March.....
April
,

122

71

122

106

114

101

62

105

95

106

82

107

119

117

103

72

122

146

137

76

115

95

82

58

95

121

221

72

110

May....
June
July....
August.

100

104

61

119

96

219

58

110

110

107

61

126

178

285

76

110

114

108

61

124

229

324

110

112

121

105

64

121

193

374

98

115

September..
October
November..
December..

128

61

63

65

113

365

110

112

131

106

63

122

154

417

142

116

129

98

59

115

116

325

117

114

132

109

54

128

129

244

106

115

109

1921.
January..

101

97

41

215

119

23

101

205

52

February.

77

101

31

178

133

33

101

115

37

98

March

76

97

21

167

128

53

107

105

34

105

April

71

101

12

143

121

67

128

132

26

100
101

101

11

150

116

79

151

228

21

June

85

108

8

133

134

105

172

302

27

100

July....

76

92

6

122

121

131

135

241

26

101

August.

87

94

9

131

124

149

130

154

25

105

May....

September..

88

93

10

134

123

154

100

110

24

104

October....

110

99

15

164

131

131

107

121

31

110

November..

90

90

17

167

118

135

114

98

42

112

December..

77

78

18

17R

103

140

106

70

32

118

January...

94

82

18

180

108

137

78

59

41

117

February.

103

89

20

169

116

133

74

44

107

March

126

115

26

202

151

125

108

34

117

1922.

April
May..
June.




See footnotes on opposite page.

102

55

COAL AND POWER.
Table 16.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

SHIPMENTS.

PRODUCTION.

YEAB AND MONTH.

Bituminous
coal.

Anthracite
coal.

Beehive
coke.

By-product
coke.

STOR- i
AGE.

Anthracite
coal.3

Anthracite
coal.3

Anthracite
coal.

Bltuminous
coal.2

73

319

1,150

49

295

1.397

67

347

1,581

87

462
370
370
402
348

1,789

104

|!

I

1,663

126

||

;

7,627
7,568
7,416
7,298

2,799
1,945
2,292
2,955

1,059
035
1,172
1,589

45,983
48,282
38,172
46,361
33.901

8,301
8,235
7,341
7,425
7,273

2,764
2,540
1,587
1,748
463

1,870
2,166
2,095
2,565
1,660

January..,
February.
March
April

48,689
40,127
46,792
37,939

7,588
6,525
7,857
6,225

1,991

5,477

306

1,744

4,734
5,470
4,291

272

May
June
July....
August.

39,753
43,710
45,523
48,389

8,171
8,261
8,025

1,721

September..
October
November..
December..

51,093
52,144
51,457
52,560

January..
February.
March....
April

average..
average..
average..
average..
average..

Thousands
ofkw.hours.

1,098

288

39,869
35,225
36,S85
41,877

1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

Public

utility
plants.

Coke.

Thousands of long tons.

Thousands of short tons.

1909-13 monthly average..
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average

ELECTRIC
POWER
PRODUCTION.

EXPORTS.

4,719
4,497
4,624
5,513

2,673

1,722

53 !i 3 , 2 4 3 , 4 0 3 j
68 || 3,663,618 j
23 1 3,411,532
1

1,249
1,169
1,501
2,437

58
60
55
53

3,855,847
3,480,331
3,745,682
3,577,613

2,401
3,132
3,557
4,109

42

3,582,710
3,568,563
3,626,682
3,716,876

1,497
2,866

1920.

2,021
1,615

420
348
277

1,789

5,332
5,677
5,574
5,448

4,633
8,056
7,441
8,321

1,771
1.755
1,642
1,518

2,931
5,474
5,189
5,765

325

40,270
30,851
30,328
28,374

7,410
7,701
7,406
7,703

1,137
865
575
329

2,278
1,888
1,772
1,519,

5,354
5,966
5,738
5,446

879
1,422
1,789

May....
June
July....
August.

33,255
33,852
30,394
34,538

7,479
7,786
7,050
7,196

390

1,590
1,408
1,297
1,383

5,236
6,032
5,463
5,576

2,119
2,817
3,495
3,971

434

2,500

496
388

3,315
2,650

373

1,695

September..
October
November..
December..

35,127
43,733
36,020
30,895

7,124
7,580
6,859
5,984

1,423
1,734
1,766
1,860

5,520
5,873
5,314
4,636

4,123
3,500
3,601
3,747

287

1,212

308

1,329

329

1,079

306

37,600
40,951
50,193

6,258
6,762
8,757

1,903
1,795
2.137

4,848
5,239
6,779

3,674
3,567
3,344

1,709
1,704

512
659
556

372

4,011
4,586
3,567
2,683

289
291

2,248
1,257

55

103
85
77

3,631,746
3,751,320
3,705,507
3,720,537

27
25
19

3,541,493
3,166,041
3,394,987
3,239,471

16
20
19
18

3,263,766
3,244,093
3,269,709
3,410,701

770

18
22
30
23

3,374,703
3,574,339
3,639,393
3,819,692

224

644

30

275

814

32

295

1,187

25

3,805,218
3,484,690
3,784,136

444
333 j

1921.

232
181
248

416
477
514

308

1,152

369

1,453

1922.
January...
February..
March
April

496
549
732

May..
June..

I
1

I

I

Except anthracite coal shipments and stocks from the Anthracite Bureau of Information. Data on production of coal and coke and of electric power at public utility
plants from U. S. Department of the Interior, Geological Survey: exports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
1
Does not include bunker coal on vessels engaged in the foreign trade.
8
Excluding Hudson Coal Company.




56

PRICES OF COAL
Table 17.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
WHOLESALE.

Bituminous.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Anthracite,
chest-

nut.

RETAILS

Coke,
Connellsville.

AnthraBitu- Anthra- cite,
cite,
m i n o u s . stove.
chestnut*

Bituminous.

AnthraCoke,
cite,
ConnellsVille.
chestnut.

Dollars per Dollars per Dollars per
short ton. long ton. short ton.

Relative to 1913.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average

$2.44
1.81
L79
3.25
8.25

$5.43
5.73
5.58
5.60
7.08

•7.73
7.70
7.69
8.03
9.19

•7.91
7.89
7.86
8.20
9.28

197

128
153
193
196

127
150
190
192

3.88
4.11
5.85
4.56

6.86
8.27
9.50
10.53

6.00
4.74
10.82
3.65

7.80
8.00
11.24
10.68

9.92
11.83
14.95
15.17

10.05
11.89
15.04
15.22

162

163

161

4.10
4.10
4.10
5.50

8.52
8.51
8.51
8.52

6.00
6.00
6 00
10.50

8.81

12.59

12.77

586

188

182

179

180

589

194

185

181

273

183

637

203

186

183

6.00
6.00
6.00
6.00

9.06
9.46
9.55
9.71

12.00
14.30
14.38
15.55

10.19
10.55
11.04

14.07
14.28
14.40

14.14
14.33
14.50

10.54
10.54
10.54
10.55

15.31
14.31
8.85
6.24

12.12
12.50
12.53
12.30

15.77
16.08
16.22
16.16

15.85
16.15
16.29
16.29

10.64
10.64
10.64
10.14

5.53
5.19
5.00
3.72

11.82
11.41
11.15
10.58

15.99
15.80
15.63
14.87

16.13
15.88
15.66
14.86

3.33
3.09
2.91
2.80

10.39
10.39
10.47
10.46

14.79
14.77
14.89
14.96

14.88
14.83
14.95
15.01

106

100

73

103

105

133

103

338

130

129

245

144

156

194

147

179

443

207

198

149

160

246

160

246

160

246

250

160

430

273

171

492

273
273

1921 monthly average

B.-NUMERICAL DATA.
S5.31
5.32
5.33
5.57
5.94

1OO

74

186
186
186

192Q m o n t h l v average

Dollars per short ton.

S2.2O
2.20
2.20
2.68
4.58

1OO

100

177
187
266
207

1919 iDOTitbly average

Anthra- Anthracite,
cite,
stove.
chestnut.

1OO
100
99
104
117

1OO

178

1917 rnoTJthly ftvprage

1918 monthlv average

Bituminous.

100
100
99
104
119

100
100
100
122

112

. .

RETAILS

WHOLESALE.

1920.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August

.

.-

.

..

......

323

198

628

223

204

200

323

198

587

230

208

204

323

198

363

231

210

206

323

199

256

227

209

206

7.10
7.10
7.10
7.10

January
February
March
April

255

200

227

218

207

204

5. CO

232

200

213

210

204

201

5.10

221

200

205

205

202

198

4.85

221

191

152

195

192

188

1.85

May
June
July

221

193

136

191

191

'188

1.85

209

195

127

191

191

187

209

198

119

193

193

189

LAO

186

198

115

193

194

190

4.10

10.24
10.36
10.50
10.54

186

201

131

193

194

190

186

201

134

192

195

191

186

201

122

190

195

191

175

201

113

189

195

191

4.10
4.10
4.10
3.85

10.66
10.66
10.66
10.65

3.19
3.28
2.97
2.75

10.47
10.41
10.34
10.27

15.03
15.07
15.11
15.09

15.06
15.10
15.14
15.13

171
164
164

200
200
200

113
125
133

182
179
179

194

190
189

3.75
3.60
3.60

10.64
10.63
10.64

2.75
3.04
3.25

9.90

193
193

9.71
9.72

14.97
14.92
14.89

15.01
14.99
14.94

September
October
November
December

-

T

.

T

-r

1921.

September
October
November

1922.
January,

February.
March
April

. . , r . ,•.

189

May

* Data on prices of coal, both wholesale and retail, are monthly averages from the records of the U. 8. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
* Retail coal prices represent the averages for the United States based on quotations from 51 cities.




57

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
Table 18.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
KEROSENE
OIL.

YEAR AND MONTH.

GAS AND FUEL LUBRICATING
OIL.
OIL.

Produc- Stocks. Produc- Stocks. Produc- Stocks.
tion.
tion.
tion.

KEROSENE
OIL.
Production.

Stocks.

LUBRICATING
OIL.

GAS AND FUEL
OIL.
Production.

Stocks.

Production.

Relative to 1919.

1917 monthly average.,
1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

Thousands of gallons.

A . - I N D E X NUMBERS.

Stocks.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100

100

99

126
134

100
100
98
95

109
110
111
125

97
93
108
101

85
77
75
77

108
105
116
121

81
87

195,956
194,523
191,110
184,469

93
89
88
97

139
140
137
126

111
109
118
131

80
83
85
02

126
135
131
129

84
82
82
81

180,877
173,581
172,214
189,010

419,078
421,343
410,853
378,549

707,198
689,878
751,194
834,323

641,968
655,152
708,608

89,252
94,964
92,370
91,079

135,882
133,213
131,866
130,798

102
110
110
108

126
128
133
131

132
130
129
135

100
104
105
109

122
132
129
129

81
84

199,140
213,742
214,804
210,668

379,301

393,071

836,700
823,115
822,638
859,131

771,127
799,024
808,803
837,404

86,230
93,230
91,180
90,895

130,450
136,195
142,181
160,522

105
84
87
80

139
143
149
153

132
115
119
128

120
129
130
137

122
103
103
108

114
125
138
155

205,375
163,082
169,248
156,157

418,748
430,045
446,367
458,667

836,684
732,542
758,335
813,144

921,028
993,127
1,005,318
1,056,485

85,909
72,432
73,003
76,457

183,813
201,628
223,414
249,593

May....
June....
July....
August.

74
73
71
74

151
145
137
130

129
130
127
123

151
162
165
161

145,225
141,637
138,724
143,652

452,438
435,057
412,202

817,368
807,428
784,450

1,163,389
1,248,664
1,269,419
1,243,446

70,000

93
94

162
162
160
150

65,893
66,473

261,760
260,883
258,638
242,530

September..
October
November..
December..

79
94
90
87

124
111
113
113

124
131
126
136

160
161
166
173

108
109
117

143
134
141
134

154,017
182,454
175,240
170,315

371,235
334,580
340,026
341,009

788,408
833, 775
799,257
865,769

1,229,254
1,238,269
1,279,451
1,331,265

69,053
75,971
77,005
82,573

230,227
216,770
228,038
216,766

109
111

135
120

171
171

105
98

152
161

172,917
167,220

327,484
932,330

858,111
761,085

1,319,481
1,314,740

74,314
69,123

245,231
259,892

2 173
135

71
100
89
151

85
99
100
124
104

2

82
96
100
146
127

68
78

2 81

143

133,501
152,113
195,136
193,341
162,094

2 521,273
404,847
300,582
379,472
402,522

524,036
610,116
635,607
738,451
805,318

2 621,860
548,221
770,362
687,858
1,164,926

60,137
70,122
70,563
87,226
73,155

122,526
144,234
161,491
137,212
231,172

327,549
330,121
334,617
376,358

617,555
589,685
686,946
643,089

652,081
590,322
580,183
590,687

75,879
74,243
81,819
85,568

141,690
132,759
130,631
140,356

2 76

89

100
85

1920.
January...
February..
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..
1921.
January...
February..
March
April

1922.
January...
February..
March
April
May.
June.
i Data from U. S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines; stocks are refiners' holdings at end of month. * Six months' average, July-December, inclusive.




58

PETROLEUM.
Table 19.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
CRUDE PETROLEUM.

YEAB AND MONTH.

Production.

Stocks.'

Imports.

Consumption.

GASOLINE.

Total
Price,
shipments Kansasfrom
OklaMexico.'
homa.

Oil
wells
completed.

I

Production.

Relative to 1913.
100

100

139
138
122

97
102
115
169

100
104
122
144

145
154
181
189

105
109
150

212
297
610
704

163

108

158

107

173

1OO
86
62
135
190

100
87
48
98
87

158
160
201
201

246
337
594

235
244
364
182

93
110
127
77

429

189

373

310

101

102

350

178

356

321

94

98

106

441

187

477

375

115

111

172

105

434

176

468

375

131

176

105

476

199

520

375

178

108

577

198

490

185

108

462

206

189

110

742

average.
average.
average.
average average-,

100

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.

1920.
January ..
February.
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

109
115
123
137

100
118

Stocks
end of
month. 4

Relative to 1919.
1OO
82
127
154
213

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

Domestic
Exports. consumption.
5

72

113

90

153
1OO
173
142

100

91

.

82

100

100

124
131

134

99

83

109

105

87

119

154

89

133

108

142

104

136

141

116

224

132

122

375

141

126

212

149

107

569

375

120

128

265

152

87

223

715

375

154

135

190

168

68

123
130

183

109

216

802

375

137

138

128

157

61

191

111

766

221

790

375

131

141

213

134

64

187

114

952

207

748

375

134

137

130

128

75

188

117

206

816

375

122

141

212

103

98

January..
February.
March....
April

183
171
198
193

118

140

829

744

176
171
148
185

103

681

364
207
187
187

115

132

856
765
749

138

227
180
207
195

121
116

121
144
151
158

May....
June
July....
August.

203
195
194
198

147
153
159
160

616
691
542
226

190
196
190
195

650
793
269
259

161
127
107
107

136
130
127
131

130
124
89
156

124
155
160
176

169
159
145
120

September..
October
November..
December..

176
172
183
203

163
164
168
175

616
784
876
029

191
207
211
219

817

107
166
228
241

49
47
56
70

126
134
131
133

114
154
150
117

153
159
122
109

109
97
105
124

208

187

206

851

241

72

135

163

149

197

199

814

182

781

241

72

121

124

173

227

210

944

224

800

241

1921.
125

767

776
814

118
91
77

92
73

127
129

79

1922.
January...
February.
March
April
May..
June.




See footnotes on opposite page.

172

59

PETROLEUM.
Table 20.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
CRUDE PETROLEUM.

Production.*

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Stocks.2

j ConImports. ! s u m p j tion.

Total
Price,
Oil wells
shipcomm e n t s KansasOklapleted.
from 3 homa.
Mexico.
Per
barrel.

Thousands of barrels.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average... | 2 0 , 7 0 4
average... |
22,147
average... j
23,425
average...
25,064
average...'
27,943

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average...
average...!
average... j
average... i

GASOLINE.

Number
of wells.

123,709
145,914
144,556
128,201

1,484
21,808
1,437
21,774
1,512
22,772
1,714
26,549
2,514 ;
31,478

2,159
1,766
2,743
3,318
4,608

80.934
.798
.583
1.258
1.775

1,592
1,389
763
1,565
1,383

29,661
31,477
35,950
39,137

103,886
110,026
114,696
157,757

3,144
4,401
9,054
10,442

34,423
34,873
43,732
43,784

5,319
7,280
12,814
15,093

2.197
2.279
3.404
1.704

1,487
1,747
2,024
1,218

33,774
32,723
35,831
35,583

112,874
111,981
111,144
110,732

41,232
38,894
40,671
38,455

8,061
7,688
10,288
10,092

2.900
3.000
3.500
3.500

36.503
36,946
38,203
39,055

110,653
113,029
113,815
115,699

7,066
8,563
6,853
11,012

43,374
43,108
44,945
48,732

11,226
10,574
12,275
15,438

37,532
39,592
38,699
38,961

115,688
116,402
119,994
123,291

11,996
11,362
14,136
13,118

47,186
48,174
45,045
44,967

1921.
January...
February..
March
April

37,959
35,366
40,905
40,040

124,256
130,884
138,181
145,016

13,193
11,384
12,303
10,104

May....
June
July....
August.

41,985
40,354
40,252
40,894

153,814
161,048
167,352
168,190

September..
October
November..
December..

36,508
35,539
37,880
41,957

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

43,141
40,814
46,916

1920.
January..
February.
March
April
May
June
July
August

,
I
j
I

104,962

Production.

Exports.5

Do m stic
j
r *

•S-

Stocks

Thousands of gallons.

237,546

34,676

297,526
406,879
429,462

46,926
30,667
52,979
43,690

I 260,265
j 286,320
I 354,848
!
376,382

1,606
1,491
1,830
2,090

336,719
322,589
367,138
355,597

30,352
32,181
47,077
43,432

238,205
248,395
256,021
297,001

515,934
562,996
626,393
643,553

3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500

2,237
2,249
1,910
2,456

381,079
415,159
423,420
444,141

68,556
65,059
81,279
58,300

378,913
427,243
434,869
479,741

577,672
504,056
413,279
323,240

17,311
17,051
16,151
17,609

3.500
3.500
3.500
3.500

2,185
2,086
2,136
1,945

453,881
465,788
452,642
464,393

39,202
65,335
39,957
65,025

450,889
384,802
366,831
295,262

288,195
301,284
354,836
462,382

49,444
39,328
45,161
42,561

18,481
16,506
16,173
16,066

3.400
1.938
1.750
1.750

1,825
1,574
1,452
1,224

460,432
388,188
419,795
426,215

54,065
52,497
45,392
56,624

294,751
225,195
346,165
333,291

571,984
680,540
713,043
747,223

9,148
10,255
8,047
3,352

41,461
42,789
41,457
42,523

14,026
17,122
5,806
5,582

1.500
1.188
1.000
1.000

1,405
1,471
1,162
952

448,568
430,344
419,642
431,577

39,859
38,128
27,383
47,831

354,263
445,025
457,758
503,513

800,496
750,644
684,237
567,646

171,361
172,607
176, 490
183,890

9,139
11,635
12,994
13,753

41,595
45,181
46,122
47,785

17,634
16,746
17,571
19,397

1.000
1.550
2.125
2.250

788
752
899
1,108

416,913
440,956
431,887
439,031

35,055
47,116
45,867
35,990

438,084
454,992
350,548
313,001

515,326
456,270
495,590
586,087

196,228
208,851
220,133

13,007
12,077
14,004

44,906
39,600
48,840

18,364
16,852
17,274

2.250
2.250
2.250

1,151
1,143
1,323

444,623
398,223

49,856
38,170
52,814

282,717
251,759

705,711
818,546

6,372 |
5,187 j
6,543 !
6,443

329,821

218,420 |

343,946
386,202

472,411
464,485
630,757

I

September
October
November
December

I
!
!

May..
June.
- Except shipments of crude petroleum from Mexico. Crude petroleum production, stocks, imports, and consumption, and completion of oil wells, from U. S.
Department of the Interior, Geological Survey; Wholesale price of crude petroleum, average for the month, from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; Data
on gasoline from U. S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines.
8
Figures for earlier years adjusted to represent approximate net stocks to conform with data for current months.
»Mexican petroleum shipments from the three ports, Tampico, Port Lobos, and Tuxpam, form the best current measure of Mexican oil production. These figures
are compiled from those published in the Oil Trade Journal. Current month is approximate from Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter.
4
Yearly figures for "stocks at end of month" are averages of monthly figures.
& "Exports of gasoline," as used by the Bureau of Mines, includes the items "gasoline" and "all other naphtha, etc., "as reported by the U. 8. Department of Commerce,
less exports to the Philippine Islands.
• Represents production transported from field of production, does not include oil consumed at locality of production.




60

PAPER AND PRINTING.
Table 21.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Baaed on data from Government sources.1
I Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
NEWSPRINT PAPER.

YEAR AND MONTH

Production.

Ship- Stocks,
end
m e n t s . m o n tof .
h

ALL OTHER PAPER.

Production.

Ship- Stocks,
end
m e n t s . m o n tof.
h

Relative to 1919.

EXPORTS.

Newsprint.

Total
printing
paper.

Relative to 1913.

1OO
141
128
178
217

1913 monthly av.
1914 monthly a v . . . .
1915 monthly av ..
1916 monthly av
1917 monthly av

125
185
151

154
186
205
220

121
123
137
.119

147
158
184
166

176
184
210
186

122
125
135
145

231
235
245
238

133
140
124
125

192
202
187
189

176
184
171
187

149
156
156
160

145
146
152
158

228
218
213
183

100
109
98
105

119
117
102
90

180
184
160
141

194
186
180
184

171
137
70
54

163
159
158
145

175
177
177
151

162
146
131
121

82
75
82
75

75
71
75
79

113
90
95
92

180
162
162
152

51
17
30
35

61
35
40
47

141
140
128
128

151
146
132
131

118
120
117
120

57
62
75
84

67
76
81
86

77
77
78
83

141
148
132
150

108
103
105
111

31
20
35
44

41
30
38
49

131
113
113
110

120
111
110
110

98
95
97
85

80
84
88
93

92
111
105
105

82
98
92
93

151
146
139
149

HI
115
122

70
23
78

72
32
77

101
98
97

95
95
95

86
83
84

90
85

96
104

86
91

150
133

1OO
119
84

1OO
74
112

224
255
106
39

256
326
164
65 1

113
100
112
112

112
90
112
117

71
117
115
91

130
112
128
126

128
106
131
121

70
80
73
81

106
77
103
85

July
August

113
114
113
112

111
112
115
110

95
100
92
103

129
131
132
131

132
133
130
130

73
67
69
68

September
October
November
December

106
109
107
109

105
110
109
105

103
94
85
103

130
124
98
80

131
120
93
75

1921.
January
February
March
April

108
90
94
101

101
84
91
106

135
164
175
147

74
76
83
76

July
August

69
77
82
89

72
80
83
88

130
111
107
113

October
November
December

86
89
91
94

83
95
91
93

92
85
103

90
84
102

1922.
January
February
March
April

1OO
137
136

100
135
141

100
213
118

146
116
188
152

117
122
123
127

117
125
125
122

146
145
97
123

203
188
153
153

126
128
140
144

65
70
80
88

88
65
155
92

131
123
221
194

67
71
77
75

101
109
119
120

69
70
30
35

76
79
69
85

75
75
70
86

121
122
118
115

126
96
97
100

94
110
108
100

97
112
106
98

111
116
118

100
101
119

97
98
114

Mav




Relative to 1918.

174
89

1OO
121
86

May

Relative
to September,
1920.

Relative to 1919.

100
106

1OO
97
125

May

Paper
Spot
purchases. 3
ConConmartract
tract
Sales 3
ket, Activity. 2
Canado(value).
domestic. dian. mestic.
Q u a n - Value.
tity.

100
95
121
85

1OO
109
89

1920.
January
February
March
April

PRINTING.

1OO
122
135
243
247

100
110
89

1918 monthly av
1919 monthly av
1920 monthly av
1921 monthly av

PRICES OF
NEWSPRINT.

See footnotes on opposite page.

78

100

61

PAPER AND PRINTING.
Table 22.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
ALL, OTHER PAPER.

NEWSPRINT PAPER.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Shipments.

Stocks,
end of
month.

Production.

Shipments.

Stocks, I
end of I
month.

monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly average
monthly average
monthly average
monthly average

Newsprint.

PRICES OF NEWSPRINT.

Total
Contract, Contract, Spot
printing domes- Cana- market,
paper.
tic.
dian. domestic.

Thousands of pounds.

Short tons.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

EXPORTS.

7,202
10,132
9,194
12,789
15,644

Per 100-pound roll.

9,545
11,654
12,899
23,152
23,597

114,543
125,997
102,182

114,880
125,215
102,252

23,929
23,324
29,940

401,320
485,221
344,507

403,946
481,830
340,084

215,070
158,586
241,455

16,123
18,378
7,663
2,808

24,395
31,160
15,656
6,157

83.721
5.107
5.054

$3,651
4.922
5.142

$4,290
9.143
5.042

1920.
January...
February March
April

129,663
114,235
127,847
1*28,269

128,098
103,214
128,238
134,160

16,934
27,955
27,564
21,673

520,630
450,265
513,496
506,133

518,617
429,122
528,420
488,753

150,961
172,104
157,180
174,560

7,668
5,562
7,387
6,137

13,946
11,104
17,983
14,478

4.362
4.533
4.577
4.726

4.267
4.569
4.556
4.463

6.624
7.997
8.797
9.443

Mfejy....
June
July....
August.

129,230
130,380
129,853
128,818

128,080
129,213
131,821
126,129

22,823
23?, 990
22,022
24,711

516,183
526,942
528,665
525,340

534,507
538,869
525,539
526,869

156,236
144,309
147,435
145,906

10,522
10,407
7,001
8,853

19,332
17,967
14,578
14,580

4.673
4.752
5.211
5.371

4.457
4.550
4.938
5.306

9.905
10.072
10.498
10.212

September.
October
November.
December..

121,005
124,818
122,993
124,857

121,123
126,815
125,323
120,360

24,593
22,596
20,266
24,763

522,013
497,146
395,151
320,682

527,172
486,509
373,958
303,626

140,747
151,384
172,577
189,633

6,364
4,703
11,194
6,648

12,476
11,762
21,123
18,546

5.531
5.790
5.792
5.969

5.308
5.343
5.541
5.770

9.800
9.362
9.148
7.854

1921.
January...
February.
March
April

123,830
103,040
107,532
115,408

116,176
96,281
104,919
122,091

32,417
39,176
41,789
35,106

296,638
304,926
338,245
306,604

269,747
287,398
311,749
303,493

216,524
234,052
255,548
258,659

4,963
5,066
2,192
2,556

16,369
13,101
6,682
5,173

6.076
5.921
5.862
5.409

6.385
6.458
6.480
5.507

6.945
6.279
5.623
5.206

May....
June
July....
August.

78,868
87,724
94,247
102,277

82,776
92,293
95,357
100,668

31,198
26,629
25,519
27,128

305,127
316,887
276,182
340,242

303,895
304,620
284,315
347,386

259,891
262,158
254,025
246,881

3/, 709
1,203
2,131
2,521

5,787
3,355
3,803
4,512

5.248
5.227
4.770
4.762

5.497
5.322
4.824
4.758

5.056
5.129
5.013
5.160

September.
October
November.
December..

98,898
101,884
104,604
107,877

95,785
109,110
104,492
107,070

30,241
23,015
23,127
23,934

379,028
440,524
434,272
400,407

393,343
451,448
427,114
396,497

232,566
221,642
225,800
239,710

2,233
1,409
2,513
3,198

3,895
2,881
3,643
4,986

4.886
4.188
4.194
4.102

4.388
4.069
4.002
4.018

4.185
4.070
4.170
3.666

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

105,808
97,786
117,507

103,192
96,521
117,142

26,550
27,815
28,180

400,387
404,031
476,353

391,676
395,529
461,933

238,421
246,923
261,343

5,073
1,672
5,582

6,841
3,025
7,309

3.756
3.629
3.615

3.484
3.479
3.482

3.685
3.581
3.601

May..
June.
1
Except printing activity, from United Typothetae of A merica and printing purchases and sales from A merican Writing Paper Company. Data for paper, except exports,
are furnished by the Federal Trade Commission; exports from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
* Printing activity based on productive hours reported by plants in 52 cities in 30 states, each department being weighted for the combined index number.
3 Purchases of printing paper and sales of printed product by about 350 concerns, doing from 20 to 25 per cent of the total commercial printing business of the country.
AS the paper industry was in a great boom in 1919, index numbers based on that year are not regarded as true indices; therefore 1918 was taken as a base.




62

WOOD PULP, GLASS, AND OPTICAL GOODS.
Table 23.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and Non-Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type. ]
GLASS
BOTTLES.

WOOD PULP.
Mechanical.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Relative
to 5-year
average.

1909-1913 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..
average..

SPECTACLE
FRAMES AND
MOUNTINGS.

Chemical.

Consump- Stocks
tion at end Imports.
and
of
ship- month.
ments.

Relative to 1919.

ILLUMINATING
GLASSWARE.

Production.

Consump- Stocks
tion at end Imand
of
ports.
ship- month.
ments.

Production.

Relative
to 5-year Relative
average. to 1919.

Relative to 1919.

Net
orders.

Actual Ship- Sales
Unpro- ments (ship- filled
duc- billed. ments). orders.
tion.

Relative to May, 1921.

Relative to
1913.

Relative to
1919.

1OO
110
76
132

100
109
87

1OO
110

100
150
128
138

78
108

141
93
102
117
97

1OO
117
79

100
116
79

63
99

130
128
141
220
174

100
104
69

76
70
71
82

119
73
59
57

119
102
116
116

122
102
116
118

70
70
68
63

226
184
211
141

100
106
113
107

304
317
394
422

120
133
147
153

119
123
117
121

121
125
120
120

58
55
48
53

197
196
172
304

110
101
81
78

427
397
274
332

170
162
134
120

100

100

. j 100
.j 110
.'\ 1 2 1
.i'| 1 4 9

. I 169
. | 219
. ! 298
100
. ! 339
127
218 !
45

1920.
January...
February.
March
April

92
85
116
135

110
96
113
119

May....
June....
July....
August..

143
115
102
92

121
117
114
112

74

105
117
164
199

September.
October....
November.
December..

87
104
115
121

104
103
104
104

61
70
84

163
105
117
135

117
138
116
97

118
118
114
94

53
64
72
80

292
290
218
208

102
124
123
106

314
358
331
203

113
105
98
73

117
98
118
132

102
90
97
103

95
101
118
141

86
13
16
35

78
74
68

77
74
75
70

100
113
113
106

139
61

100
87
68
68

195
226
244
265

45
49
51
57

81
66
62
61

74
75
79
85

147
140
127
108

42
49
93
100

73
68
64
75

72
68
67
77

112
111
102
99

80
109
164
173

60
54
48
50

1OO
82
49
70

1OO
110
48
46

1OO
102
92
62

248
218
141
179

54
49
39
27

55
68
90
101

79
84
93
95

89
77
75
80

176
160
216
173

78
94
101
94

82
99
102
92

91
79
80
87

255
221
279
459

50
70
86
86

92
133
137
98

71
115
162
161

85
132
159
148

218
243
218
220

35
41
44
43

90
82
119

84
81
108

127
56
75

90
106

89
104

94
99
106

374
260
190

108

82
90

81

132
138

114
136

233
259

41
45
42

1921.
January...
February.
March
April
May
June
July....
August..
September.
October....
November.
December..

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

May..
June.




See footnotes on opposite page.

63

WOOD PULP, GLASS, AND OPTICAL GOODS.
Table 24.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Front Government and Non-Government sources*1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
ILLUMINATING
GLASSWARE.

WOOD PULP.
Mechanical.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Consumption and
shipments.

Stocks
at end of
month.

Chemical.

Imports.

2

Production.

Consumption and
shipments.

Stocks
at end of Imports. 2
month.

Short tons.

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..
average..

25,521

18,105
12,638
21,877

38,091
32,861
35,100

23,257

average
average
average
average

1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

Per cent of capacity.

16,463

1909-1913 monthly average.

Actual ShipNet
orders. produc- ments
tion.
billed.

I

I

i

i

16,000

161,247
188,156
127,744

160,375
185,536
127,467

53,725
33,720
53,409

33,230
32, 728
36,147
56,153
44,457

117,033
107,552
109,288
126,693

19,688
11,973
9,642
9,416

191,706
164,050
187,476
187,108

195,866
164,241
186,754
189,753

37,484
37,800
36,576
33,822

57,567
46,847
53,868
36,034

146,061
140,582
137,230
135,146

152,973
151,340
137,440
113,499

17,227
19,195
26,996
32,805

191,474
198,166
189,004
194,760

194,393
199,698
192,493
192,132

30,903
29,371
25,882
28,510

50,360
50,127
44,040
77,710

104,975
125,518
139,535
146,718

125,651
124,191
125,156
125,621

92,823
94,150
108,529
129,626

26,812
17,212
19,243
22,299

188,938
222,874
186,506
155,809

188,933
188,562
182,379
151,225

28,515
34,312
38,439
43,023

74,614
73,923
55,752
53,007

140,999
117,884
142,850
159,442

123,661
108,857
116,820
124,161

146,964
155,997
182,027
217,308

14,076
3,275
2,684
5,687

134,354
125,913
119,482
109,364

123,524
119,157
119,602
112,869

53,853
60,609
60,489
56,984

35,478
15,682
17,622
20,848

97,963
80,337
75,405
73,666

89,182
90,357
95,386
103,153

226,089
216,069
196,088
166,501

7,072
8,117
15,329
16,405

118,138
109,052
102,768
121,510

114,995
109,689
107,573
122,753

60,127
59,490
54,685
53,442

20,322
27,698
41,756
44,181

37.0
30.5
18.0
25.9

31.9
35.1
15.2
14.7

30.8
31.3
28.3
19.1

66,965
82,511
108,186
121,804

95,894
100,777
112,228
114,087

137,672
119,406
115,365
123,080

28,958
26,397
35,504
28,498

126,514
151,699
163,101
151,031

131,174
158,050
162,841
147,380

48,782
42,431
43,172
46,843

65,206
56,419
71,204
117,068

34.0
49.3
50.6
36.2

22.6
36.6
51.7
51.2

26.2
40.7
49.1
45.6

109,175
98,742
143,596

101,957
98,315
129,931

125,298
125,725
139,390

20,920
9,138
12,425

157,746
144,568
170,995

158,774
142,399
167,112

50,815
52,984
56,867

95,525
66,443
48,376

40.0
36.4

42.0
43.9

35.0
41.8

15,456

120,817
131,525
105,668

120,660
132,308
106,214

154,251
120,079
166,880

January...
February..
March
April

110,835
102,141
139,667
163,086

133,106
115,794
135,953
143,202

May....
June
July....
August.

172,341
138,949
123,330
111,205

September.
October
November..
December..

16,855
19,375

1920.

1921.
January...
February..
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September.
October....
November..
December..
1922.
January...
February..
March
April
,
May..
June.
1
Glass bottles, from National Bottle Manufacturers A ssociation, based on reports of identical firms representing approximately 90 per centof the capacity of the industry.
Illuminating glassware from reports of identical firms by the Illuminating Glassware* Guild, estimated to represent from 70 to 75 per cent of the capacity of the industry;
and spectacle frames and mountings from the Optical Manufacturers Association, representing about 60 per cent of the industry. Data for wood pulp are from the Federal
Trade Commission.
* Import figures converted from long to short tons to agree with production and stocks.




64

AUTOMOBILE TIRES.
Table 25.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
f Base year in bold-faced type.]

PNEUMATIC TIRES.
Production.

Stocks.

YEAR AND MONTH.

INNER TUBES.

Shipments,
domestic.

Production.

Stocks.

RAW MATERIAL
CONSUMED.

SOLID TIRES.

ShipShipments,
ments, • Produc- Stocks. domestion.
domestic.
tic.

Fabrics.

Crude
rubber.

100

100

Relative to 1921.
A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1921 monthly average.
1920.
November
December

100
36

100

100

100

100

100

140

42

33

134

70

23

127

60

40

131

100

65

100

100

129

78

27

37

131

93

25

24

1921.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
1922.
January
February
March
April

126

51

33

122

45

60

132

39

37

45

123

56

41

119

49

66

132

67

44

44

64

109

85

60

110

72

81

123

100

67

67

91

107

94

78

108

87

82

117

96

97

96

116

106

109

98

104

102

115

91

117

117

127

99

139

104

84

141

104

113

120

118

141

92

145

134

68

157

95

95

127

143

132

167

93

152

196

80

166

158

94

152

166

171

106

79

107

145

84

115

106

70

114

113

109

106

84

109

88

126

104

88

131

71

104

103

97

70

94

114

67

123

75

79

95

98

101

104

92

104

110

114

73

95

101

118
103
149

113

99

84

104

115

114

79

76

115

115

111

82

115

134

74

112

79

84

100

146

123

109

134

153

91

140

79

110

141

May

June
Number.

Pounds.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
1921 monthly average... 1,818,314

4,213,384 1,905,616

2,258,517 4,568,067 2,292,287

35,354 230,862

43,960

6,696,317 17,922,039

1920.
November
December
1921.
January
February
March
April
May!
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
1922.
January
February
March
April

649,742 I 5,880,016
506,111 \ 5,508,380

806,023
1,327,153

742,815
508,446

6,131,935
5,786,929

1,481,285

21,355
16,297

298,875
303,473

34,217
40,828

1,801,750
1,649,772

6,563,258
4,259,746

5,319,605
703,430
5,193,018
819,892
4,597,103
1,163,314
4,527,445
1,651,418
4,451,668
2,100,917
4,154,456
2,313,265
2,570,524 | 3,892,037
3,043,187 j 3,934,583
1,929,268 I 3,340,798
1,928,271 | 3,545,030
1,756,555 ! 3,908,342
3,696,519
1,839,738

965,4*7
1,073,756
1,614,651
1,785,951
2,085,882
2,643,850
2,757,581
2,894,422
2,047,929
1,675,169
1,342,519
1,980,264

740,824
916,627
1,346,483
1,762,122
2,210,040
2,359,928
3,020,981
4,430,152
3,274,822
2,843,918
2,126,211
2,070,098

5,586,163
5,415,464
5,044,861
4,916,772
4,751,880
3,835,098
3,122,815
3,649,319
3,827,830
4,732,016
5,203,568
4,731,021

1,042,617
1,129,881
1,643,690
1,983,571
2,342,567
3,232,673
3,603,248
3,804,060
2,645,758
2,016,371
1,540,299
2,522,710

21,220
23,355
28,710
28,859
35,156
28,395
35,123
55,694
37,441
46,274
43,537
40,478

303,753
304,374
283,800
269,985
264,633
240,336
220,003
216,367
161,832
163,299
173,451
168,515

29,116
29,599
43,926
42,080
40,122
49,867
55,678
66,866
50,276
45,911
34,556
39,520

2,598,143
2,952,058
4,474,965
6,524,668
7,863,738
8,044,486
9,565,128
11,131,256
7,580,858
6,905,681
6,349,808
6,365,014

6,625,435
7,823,657
12,075,298
17,191,149
21,050,554
21,207,555
23,719,637
30,634,353
19,476,415
19,602,342
17,608,993
18,049,077

2,055,134 j
2,084,308
2,645,790

1,596,806
1,562,365
2,073,963

2,343,393
2,596,774
3,017,511

5,246,647
6,141,956
6.991,118

1,889,724
1,702,583
2,090,737

40,224
39,492
49,433

181,769
183,448
182,197

33,294
36,805
48,350

7,706,622
6,710,973
9,431,205

21,180,446
18,466,916
26,771,245

4,174,216
4,691,329
5,183.286

May
June
1
Data furnished by the Rubber Association of America. The number of firms has increased from 36 in November, 1920, to a maximum of 64 in August, 1921. It is
stated by the Rubber Association that this variation in the number of firms does not change the totals to any great degree, except for the omission of the Firestone Tire
Company beginning in September, 1921.




65
AUTOMOBILES AND RUBBER.
Table 26.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA,
Data front commercial and trade sources.1
[Base years in bold-faced type.]
INDIA
RUBBER.

AUTOMOBILES.

Shipments.2

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Shipments.2

Productions

Wholesale
price,
ImPara
Pasports. Island,
By
rail- Driven By | senger Trucks,
New
road. away. boat.
York.
Relative to 192^.

INDIA R U B B E R .

AUTOMOBILES.

road.

Driven
away.

Relative to 1919. Relative to 1913. Carloads.

Production.3
By
boat.

Passenger
cars.

Imports.

Pounds.

B . _ N U M E R I C A L DATA.
38,458
45,307
68,218
124,468
145,066

1,958
2,115
6,167
7,500
10,680

9,656,720
11,922,097
18,456,827
22,507,517
33,803,190

$0,807
.616
.557
.669
.648

77,199
138,138
156,930
127,916

26,364
26,837
12,090

27,163,276
44,661,702
47,212,178
31,606,109

.549
.483
.333
.132

06,427,415
71,351,904
82,477,607
63,629,269

.463
.432
.412
.411

44,099,902
43,538,723
45,454,437
44,047,264

.404
.385
.353
.303

5,469
2,519
659

27,883,748
20,516,090
32,955,016
24,161,761

.253
.217
.192
.180

3,185
7,507
9,939
14,197

93
99
75
1,619

28,911,753
21,933,165
28,508,995
26,087,408

.173
.168
.180
.178

2,381
3,947
3,726
3,595

165,574
167,705

10,766
13,080

23,890,838
34,624,748
27,647,874
33,103,804

.179
.164
.164
.165

1913 monthly a v .
1914 monthly a v .
1915 monthly a v .
1916 monthly a v .
1917 monthly a v .

28
33
49
90
105

23
28
41

100
123
191
233
350

1918 monthly a v .
1919 monthly a v .
1920 monthly a v .
1921 monthly a v .

56
100
114
93

72
100
102
46

281
462
489
358

60
41
23

20,922
16,263

39,239
12,031

739
854
659

57
54
51
51

25,057
25,505
29,326
17,147

29,283
43,719
57,273
64,634

457
451
471
456

50
48
44
38

21,977
22,516
23,082
23,386

74,286
60,746
52,342
34,060

8,350
8,702
7,095

212
341
250

31
27
24
22

20,804
17,209
13,253
11,802

24,431
14,127
9,497

279
227
295
270

21
21
22
22

6,485
16,287
20,187

22

18,608

100
78

100
31

1920.
January
February
March
April

120
122
140
82

75
111
146
165

May....
June
July....
August.

105
108
110
112

189
155
133
87

100
39

September.
October
November..
December..

62
36
24
16

1921.
January
February
March
April

8
19
25

116
54
14

2
2
2
34

May....
June
July....
August.

97
93
99

48

September.
October
November..
December..

91
85
68
58

35
33
27
19

73
94
120

19
26
40

1922.
January
February
March
April
,

178
1S5
151

40

51
84
79
77
63
47
30
3

Per
pound.

Trucks.

Number of machines.

A.—INDEX N U M B E R S .

Wholesale
price,
Para
Island,
New
York.

100
76
69

4,698
1,854

120
121

41
50

343

20

19,514
20,758

15,193
18,834
15,533
15,218

105
98
77
51

52
49
38
32

358
493
536
607

22
26
27
26

19,002
17,717
14,240
12,100

13,840
12,926
10,505
7,500

2,959
2,214
1,402
134

144,669
134,734
106,042
70,690

13,648
12,813
10,010
8,307

34,546,411
47,642,303
51,731,184
58,644,821

.174
.210
.215
.211

59
79
111

35
49
74

559
691
665

24

15,297
19,636
25,210

7,467
10,173
15,804

143
180
264

81,642
109,121
152,920

9,186
12,944
19,423

54,010,946
66,744,240
64,215,222

.193
.163
.161

247

20
20

20
20

May..
June.
1
Except india-rubber imports from XI. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, and wholesale prices, average weekly, from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistic ?.
8
Compiled by the National Automobile Chamber of Commerce. Represents shipments from factories covering almost the entire automobile production of the United
States.
* Total of membership of the National Automobile Chamber of Commerce and chief outside manufacturers, representing practically complete passenger-car production
and slightly less complete truck production. Annual figures represent complete production as compiled by National A utomobilc Chamber of Commerce.

100797°—-22




5

66

HIDES AND LEATHER—PRODUCTION AND STOCKS.
Table 27.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in boldfaced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

STOCKS OF HIDES AND
SKINS.1

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total Sheep
Total
and
cattle calf a n d lamb
kip
hides. skins. skins.*

SOLE AND BELTING
LEATHERS

Total
hides
and

skins.

UPPER LEATHER.!

Stocks
Stocks
Stocks in proc- Produc- Stocks i n proc- Product i o n of
t i o n of
end of ess of finished end of ess of finished
m o n t h . tan- leather. m o n t h t a n - leather.
nins.
ning.

OAK
SOLE
AND
LEATH- SKIV- UNION
ERS.
ER.
HARNESS.'

SALES OF
BELTING,*

Production.*

Q u a n - Value.
tity.

Relative to 1921.

Relative to 1919.

1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.
1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

88

100

«107

« 214

106
119
104
108

66
86
88
99

1OO

100

1OO

1OO

100

100

100

99
74
82
80

100
107
116
116

111
96
116
113

133
118
145
74

91
95
81
70

100

100
98
42

100

102
59

91
82
94
85

100

100

100
88
111

100

82
79

108
103
84
88

111
106
105
102

129
117
119
108

162
148
150
136

122
40

1920.
February
March...
April
May.

.

Julv

85

148
97
105
113

103
116
111
103

104
96
105

137
100
105
111

78
80
85
91

109
105
100
99

94
98
86
93

86
91
101
101

92
85
87
83

61
81
76
75

73
78
70
72

92
97
87
66

100
101
77
70

97
74
49
44

123
95
61
50

March
April

115
116
114
109

137
120
95
100

100
95
98
99

117
115
110
107

96
95
98
98

96
100
100
101

87
83
99
94

101
101
115
99

83
85
93
96

63
58
84
87

63
63
72
76

95
93
112
90

44
60
74
73

44
40
43
41

49
44
46
40

May
June
July
August

109
105
94
95

103
103
97
91

101
104
104
106

107
105
95
95

105
102
102
100

100
98
99
98

98
102
98
105

99
98
99
97

99
101
107
106

92
108
109
121

83
81
76
86

96
98
82
143

60
60
47
51

43
42
46
48

42
39
40
42

September
October.
November
December

89
87
84
84

92
91
88
84

96
99
101
96

90
89
86
85

100
101
100
101

101
104
104
99

100
108
115
111

96
98
98
98

108
108
107
107

116
121
114
127

80
86
91
93

138
132
117
134

52
59
63
66

44
42
37
35

38
37
32
30

1922.
January
February
March
April

86
82
81

82
78
79

93
99
91

86
82
81

103
106
103

95
93
90

107
94
99

100
102
106

109
111
107

129
121
134

88
78
78

126
113
129

63
68
82

42
42

36
. 37

September
October
November
December
1921.
January

Mav




1
See footnotes on opposite page.

67
HIDES AND LEATHER—PRODUCTION AND STOCKS.
Table 28.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

STOCKS OF HIDES AND
SKINS.*

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Total
cattle
hides.

Total
calf
and
kip
skins.

Sheep
and
lamb
skins. 6

Total
hides
and
skins.

SOLE AND BELTING
LEATHER.!

ProProStocks
ducStocks in proc- ducStocks Stocks
end of
tion of end of in proc- tion of
ess of
ess of
m o n t h . tanning. finished month. tanning. finished
leather.
leather.

OAK
SOLE.
SKIV- AND
LEATHER ERS. UNION |
HARNESS.3

SALES OF
BELTINGS

Quan- Value.
tity.

Production. 2

av....
av
av. ..
av . . .

1919 mo. av . . .
1920 mo. av....
1921 mo. av.... 3 3 9 , 5 4 8 5 8 , 4 1 4 3 2 , 9 3 5

4 3 0 , 8 9 7 1 9 3 , 5 2 8 111,217 25,657

4 2 3 , 0 2 1 164,216 5 7 , 9 8 6

Dozens. Stuffed
sides.

Pounds.

Thousands
of
dollars.

1,653,073 '16,039 <203,596

Thousands of square feet.

Thousands of pounds.

1915mo.
1916 mo.
1917 mo.
1918 mo.

UPPER LEATHERS

754,274
846,664
739,628
767,423

$899
1,171
1,199
1,354

Sides.

1,876,285 15,032 9 5 , 2 4 4 710,214 1,365
694,899 1,662
1,535,290 13,274 96,974
1,486,718 16,653 56,481
546
299,165

1920.
January
February.
March
April

1,704,269
1,532,115
1,764,387
1,589,756

14,837 95,457
11,140 101,989
12,347 110,606
12,014 110,830

789,323
684,852
826,682
804,989

1,815
1,605
1,975
1,016

May
June
July
August . . .

1,706,003
1,786,466
1,513,844
1,322,594

16,229
15,535
12,563
13,275

105,568
100,718
99,748
97,580

917,024
828,782
843,602
768,279

2,216
2,017
2,043
1,862

September
October
November
December

503,880
330,624
357,433
384,494

59,989
67,714
64,707
60,145

28,089
34,109
31,764
34,433

591,958
432,447
453,904
479,072

151,662
154,159
164,597
175,874

121,255
117,122
111,213
109,653

23,995
25,080
21,999
23,901

365,052
385,114
426,726
426,733

150,579
139,255
142,943
135,767

35,132
47,022
43,788
43,436

1,375,763
1,459,073
1,315,631
1,353,581

13,788
14,626
13,034
9,896

95,204
96,243
73,265
66,482

688,194
527,219
349,081
310,759

1,682
1,302
835
681

1921.
January
February
March
April

389,549
393,890
387,759
369,408

79,942
69,880
55,495
58,225

32,960
31,225
32,427
32,481

502,451
494,995
475,681
460,114

186,531
184,707
189,033
191,898

106,705
110,787
111,082
112,321

22,444
21,205
25,502
24,000

425,942
427,508
485,069
419,308

135,515
140,005
152,586
158,224

36,302
33,570
48,955
50,420

1,190,950 14,234
1,177,888 13,987
1,351,140 16,867
1,422,727 13,484

42,236
56,971
70,194
69,922

309,474
285,575
306,146
288,584

666
600
626
552

July
August

369,268
356,950
318,678
322,317

59,909
60,325
56,424
53,276

33,335
34,388
34,405
34,760

462,512
451,663
409,507
410,353

204,137
197,206
197,616
193,670

111,662
109,378
110,070
108,439

25,242
26,122
25,028
26,985

420,712
416,553
417,145
411,505

162,498
166,462
174,941
173,848

53,532
62,448
63,217
70,418

1,561,220 14,499
1,521,521 14,753
1,431,373 12,321
1,607,302 21,430

57,480
57,196
44,971
50,857

308,872
300,169
328,514
340,500

572
539
548
570

September
October
November
December

301,094
296,429
285,263
283,969

53,821
53,022
51,562
49,083

31,515
32,663
33,410
31,654

386,430
382,114
370,235
364,706

193,043
194,754
193,841
195,897

112,462
116,044
115,422
110,226

25,683
27,693
29,544
28,431

408,038
413,375
415,304
415,790

177,126
177,769
175,566
176,051

67,545
69,901
65,966
73,557

1,507,185 20,683
1,618,519 19,896
1,705,161 17,533
1,745,625 20,149

49,507
55,879
60,002
62,551

311,709
299,867
262,820
247,748

525
501
439
415

1922.
January
February
March
April

290,331
277,160
274,082

48,005
45,362
46,416

30,703
32,612
29,852

369,039
355,134
350,350

199,324
204,471
200,072

105,712
103,311
99,594

27,486
24,200
25,275

422,318
431,704
449,915

179,574
181,885
175,300

74,563
70,296
77,510

1,654,744 18,950
1,466,165 17,021
1,472,528 19,451

59,815
65,067
78,100

295,482
300,291

497
501

May
Jiin©r r

May
June
1 Based onfigurescompiled by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. The data embrace returns from packers, tanners, dealers, importers, and manufacturers. As given in the monthly reports by the Bureau of the Census, the returns for hides and skins are expressed in numbers of hides and skins. For the above
summary these nave been reduced to pounds on the basis of the average weights of each class. Similarly data on leather have been converted to pounds or square feet
from reports in skins, sides, backs, butts, pounds, etc.
2 From reports by the Tanners* Council; sole leather figures include estimates for firms outside the Tanners' Council, so as to represent the total for the country. Figures
and8skivers and harness do not include estimates of outside firms and are believed to represent 80 per cent of the total production.
Beginning December, 1919, these statistics cover amount of harness leather "stuffed" rather than that produced, but it is stated that the variation between these items
is small.
< Includes estimated production of firms outside Tanners' Council.
* Data from the Leather Belting Exchange, and is estimated to represent from 65 to 75 per cent of the industry.
«Includes skins with and without wool, but does not include weight of wool




68

HIDES AND LEATHER—TRADE AND PRICES,
Table 29.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
EXPORTS OF
LEATHERS

IMPORTS OF HIDES AXD SKINS.*

WHOLESALE PRICES.*

Hides.
i Total
YEAR AND MONTH.

Sole.
I shoes.

Total
hides ! Calfand
j skins.
skins. !

Cattle
hides.

Goat- I Sheepskins, i skins.

60
77

<1OO
97
134
178
176

*1OO
91
55
81
106

123
70
145
99

36
11
79
43
59

161
96
177
120
78

90
63
136
82
64

146
206
196
190

160
117
125
137

57
43
50
54

202
154
145
161

147
107
118
148

116
59
68
58

223
215
114
124

104
108
107

51
64
41
48

105
114
118
66

123
83
95
65

59
45
20
41

60
63
42
55

123
162
138
163

76
77
47
50

26
42
17
20

120
114
53
84

27
16
34
17

111
34
20
32

40
28
25
35

132
139
134
146

51
50
47
52

24
33
42
51

77
73
68
61

25
24
16
33

17
29
23
33

18
35
49
36

64
56
74
129

78
103
80

79
97
66
86

91
112
105
81

46
113
74
123

43
42

50
38
36
67

77
61
59
65

82
52
35
57

85
58
62
70

83
97
67
70

50
63
91

38
46
54

65
82
71

33
44
29

83
122
78

67
68
84

* 100

1909-1913, inc., mo. av
1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.

100
166
259
289

1OO
98
168
193

140
'86

46

70
44
192
82
40

147
131
211
167
89

133
119
122
97

79
44
51
79

:

1OO
77
101
120

75
144
87
85

1917 monthly average.
1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

392
72

97

<1OO
I
jj 94

108

j | 82

126
141

|
;

1920.
!
j
i
j

January...
February.
March
April

May....
June
j July....
j August..
September.
October
November.
December..
1921.
January...
February.
March
April
i

j May
| June
I July
| August
September.
October
November..
December..

90
50

1922.
January...
February..
March....

38
40
55

April

May..
June..




Green,
salted,
CalfSole, ! Chrome
Men's
! packers' skins, hemlock, | calf, black-calf,
*heavy
country j middle : " B "
blucher
native i No. l" j No. 1 j grades
steers (Chicago). ;(Boston).;(Boston).
; (Chicago).;

Relative to 1909-1913 average.*

Relative to 1913.

See footnotes on opposite page.

Boots
and
shoes.

Leather.

Relative to 1913.
<1OO
107
104
118
150

I
1OO
107
132
142

1OO
111
114
179

|
I
!
|

100
107
110
138

100

100

104
106
157

102
105
119

69

HIDES AND LEATHER—TRADE AND PRICES.
Table 30.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
EXPORTS OF
LEATHER, i

IMPORTS OF HIDES AND SKINS.i

WHOLESALE PRICES.*

Hides.

YEAB AND MONTH.

Sole.

Upper.3

Total
boots
and
shoes.

Total
hides
and
skins.

ThouThouThousands of sands of sands of
square
pounds.
pairs.
feet.

Calfskins.

Cattle
hides.

Goat
skins.

Sheep
skins.

Per
square
foot.

Per pound.

2,605
4,319
6,751
| 7,540

8,845
6,834
8,967
10,623

842
827
1,412
1,623

«42,854
41,490
.46,350
53,856
60,526

1917 monthly average
1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average

j 3,657
j 2,229
I 10,222
1,869
j 1,198

6,175
3,908
17,023
7,288
3,559

1,237
1,100
1,780
1,403
747

52,589
30,158
62,070
42,499
29,003

2,465
758
5,380
2,928
3,995

30,890
18,421
33,940
22,922
15,015

7,409
5,197
11,138
6,684
5,260

6,999
4,372
7,086
6,896
3,822

.327
.301
.393
.312

.406
.371
.685
.368
.149

.535
.484
.528
.534
.358

1920.
January...
February.
March.....
April

1,951
3,743
2,264
2,217

11,770
10,538
10,813
8,539

1,233
1,734
1,650
1,603

68,607
50,100
53,430
58,714

3,876
2,957
3,420
3,672

38,694
29,524
27,812
30,809

12,092
8,800
9,661
12,107

10,354
5,452
8,288
8,372

.400
.403
.364
.361

.745
.663
.540
.525

.560
.570
.570
.570

1.275
1.275
1.275
1.250

0.28
0.50
0.60
0.60

May
June
July
August..

2,061
1,150
1,334
2,063

10,230
5,233
5,991
5,133

1,879
1,809
958
1,046

44,769
46,132
45,892
35,128

3,498
4,386
2,822
3,293

20,103
21,909
22,514
12,665

10,091
6,765
7,751
5,301

8,106
9,473
10,285

.354
.341
.294
.285

.450
.305
.306
.229

.570
.570
.570
.550

1.175
1.075
.875
.875

0.60
0.10
0.10
0.10

September.
October....
November.
December..

1,542

5,331
5,552
3,696
4,823

1,037
1,361
1,161
1,370

32,679
32,901
20,065
21,575

1,791
2,877
1,171
1,377

23,062
21,792
10,160
16,021

2,200
1,274
2,810
1,355

4,181
5,536
4,257
2,080

.284
.255
.233
.190

.229
.184
.160
.141

.510
.490
.470
.410

.800
.750
.625
.575

0.10
7.04
7.75
7.75

,3,508
2,501
2,209
3,108

1,114
1,169
1,125
1,231

21,961
21,519
20,185
22,464

1,645
2,265
2,881
3,503

14,699
13,947
12,935
11,679

2,027
1,989
1,305
2,714

2,073
2,606
2,276
3,909

.168
.136
.115
.101

.153
.134
.125
.136

.400
.380
.370
.370

.525
.525
.526
.525

7.25
7.26
7.25
7.00

1,574
3,137
4,310
3,142

538
471
624
1,088

33,505
44,050
34,378
38,090

5,383
4,501
5,882

17,343
21,496
20,066
15,475

3,762
9,241
6,063
10,078

6,108
5,522
3,110
5,674

.110
.140
.130
.140

.160
.156
.153
.162

.370
.360
.350
.340

1,311

3,822
3,682
5,874
5,843

417
321
301
560

32,806
26,243
25,149
27,686

5,427
3,544
2,411
3,907

16,327
11,064
11,816
13,337

6,772
7,949
5,468
5,757

3,222
2,898
4,440
4,031

.141
.148
.158
.165

.160
.155
.145
.140

.340

.526
.626
.500
.500

1,036
1,435

4,403
5,595
8,078

322
390
455

27,833
35,190
30,344

2,272
3,013
1,971

15,934
23,286
14,908

5,530
5,563
6,908

3,213
2,294
4,517

.165
.160

.138
.138
.135

.340
.350
.350

.465
.465
.425

1921.
January...
February.
March
April
May
June
July
August..
September..
October
November..
December..
1022.
January...
February..
March
April

529
1,079

2,903
873
627
822
455
765
598
849
858
2,072
2,347

«5,289
5,684
5,495
6,257
8,461

Per
pair.

1909-1913, mo. av
1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average

1,168

* 19,160 <8,199
18,629
7,473
25,671
6,321
34,053
6,607
33,683
8,686

Boots
and i
Shoes/

Green,
salted,
Sole
Chrome Men's
blackpackers' Calfskins, hemlock, calf/'B'
calf,
heavy country middle
grades
No. 1
native (Chicago). No. 1 (Boston) blucher
(Boston).
(Boston).
steers j'
(Chicago).

Thousands of pounds.

<6,815
6,372
5,576
4,076
5,221

Leather.

SO. 184 SO. 189 $0. 282 SO. 270 j S 3 . 1 1
I
.302
.196
.280
.210
3.17
.309
.242
.285
.215
3.25
.388
.262
.450
.338
3.71

.340
.340
.340

.579 I
.970
.985 |
.521

4.75
5.63
7.60
8.85
7.00

.626

7.00

.636

7.00

.626

7.00

.526

7.00
7.00
6.76
6.75
6.75

6.75
6.75
6.62

May..
June..
* Data from XJ. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
* Data from U. 8. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, represent average monthly prices.
> Includes calf and kip, goat and kid, grain and finished splits.
< Represent five-year (1000-1913) monthly average imports for total hides and skins, total goatskins and total sheepskins, Calfskins and cattle hides based on four-year
average, 1010-1013.
6
See p . 14 for production of boots a n d shoes.




70
BUILDING STATISTICS—CONTRACTS AWARDED.
Table 31.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
BUSINESS
BUILDINGS.

YKAB AND MONTH.

Number of
projects.

INDUSTRIAL
BUILDINGS.

Value.

RESIDENTIAL
BUILDINGS.

i

EDUCATIONAL
BUILDINGS.

HOSPITALS AND
INSTITUTIONS.

NumNum|Num! Number of .Square!
_,
ber of Square Value 'I b e r o f ! s < * u a r e i Value ' *>er_ ; Square value.
V I
value. p r o j of f e e t
proj- ! feei. Value. proj- j feet, value.^ p r o j _ f e e t
;
ects. i
ects.
j ects. |
I
;i ects. j
Relative to 1919.

| 1915
1916
1917
191S

monthly average.
monthly average -.
monthly average.
monthly average.

1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

»42
»63

100
81

100 ! 100
74
79
59
82

21
36
48
94

»90
«62
*43

49
57
42
36

85

i 100
67
103

100
102
137

100
114
177

58
47
79
104

66
54
88
128

48
52
95
111

121
76
155
159

I
105 i
;
82 |
180 j
!
190 i
!

55
43
86
96

76
76
177
224

57
72
91
129

100
80
43

100
83
23

100
115
34

100
60
103

100

49
40

57

1920.

100
144
204

100
100
110

100 ! 100
142 | 121
242 | 179

January...
February..
March
April

74
71
105
114

79
89
110
117

101
124
151
162

94
85
105
104

148
112
178
105

208
154
225
129

May....
June
July....
August.

102
94
83
85

86
103
79
54

119
141
107
86

97
83
73
78

87
83
53
55

111
106
85
74

67
58
60

85
54
43
54

92
63
58
59

141
165
171
163

142
160
131
148

171
198
199
190

102
124
139
118

223
127
144
129

144
92
251
149

73
75
63
47

58
52
39
25

80
70
60
42

67
70
64
45

65
42
41
31

95
63
78
50

60
55
51
44

41
55
36
27

51
61
45
33

105
71
48
51

96
93
55

128
143
70
73

116
122
110
86

131
201
113
82

97
1S9
79
105

January..
February.
March....
April

46
50
80
81

35
35
48
55

61
50
67

31
47
45

18
14
18
27

36
21
25
30

52
96
114

33
41
71

43
51
86
106

44
49
96
137

66
85
155
174

87
191
227

63
33
71
110

212
25
159
179

146
35
83
137

May....
June
July
August.

82
87
73
87

61
61
66
75

87
75
98
104

43
38
35
39

28
21
18

48
43
32
25

117
119
92
118

93
90
69
89

117
106
85
114

173
214
223
216'

244
195
228
233

235
287
281

112
161
149
143

175
410
430
239

101
391
252
148

September.
October
November..
December..

89
94
81
78

78
86
56
50

122
111
72
65

42
56
55
46

21
31
33
22

26
43
41
34

132
133
117
106

108
109
112
109

135
127
128
143

193
122
89
87

221
169
178
172

225
183
151

173
131
94
82

540
185
142
207

364
159
138
197

I
68 ! 52
70
116
75 | 68
115
97 I 147

43
32
48

24
19
33

46
25
57

85
77
158

90
82
151

107
107
172

64
78
143

104
121
265

121
132
257

63
94
122

198
270
218

164
237
160

September..
October
November..
December..
1921.

1922.
January...
February..
March....
April
May..
June..




See footnotes on opposite page.

71

BUILDING STATISTICS—CONTRACTS AWARDED.
Table 32.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
BUSINESS
BUILDINGS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Num- Thou- Thousands
ber of sands
of
of
proj- square
dollars.
ects.
feet.

Num- Thouber of sands
of
proj- square
ects.
feet.

Thousands
of
dollars.

1,092 9,240 $33,806
26,638
895 6,870
27,662
844 5,437

Num- Thouber of sands
of
proj- square
ects.
feet.

Thousands
of
dollars.

636 12,772
511 10,652
2,981
274

42,744
49,080
14,444

3,999 20,157
11,460
2,414
17,047
4,118

70,767
47,177
73,154

EDUCATIONAL
BUILDINGS.

HOSPITALS AND
INSTITUTIONS.

Num- Thou- Thou- Num- Thou- Thouber of sands sands ber of sands sands
of
of
proj- square
proj- square
of
of
ects.
feet. dollars. ects.
feet. dollars.

I

$34,832

40,202

219,000
218,167
212,583
2 8,667

25,308
28,050
2 9,042
2
15,075

1915 monthly average 1916 monthly average 1917 monthly average .
1918 monthly average .
1919 monthly average .
1920 monthly average 1921 monthly average.

RESIDENTIAL
BUILDINGS.

INDUSTRIAL
BUILDINGS.

$8,912
15,212
20,668

1920.
January
February
March
April

805 7,325
776 8,234
1,147 10,182
1,245 10,816

34,117

599

18,879

88,991

42,035

540

14,352

65,680

50,902

665

22,796

96,093

54,722

663

13,473

55,121

May....
June
July....
August.

1,117
1,022
907
924

7,908
9,499
7.325
5,005

40.201

617

11,111

47,511

47,529

529

10,639

45,275

36,128

465

6,768

36,458

28,985

493

6,972

31,733

September..
October
November..
December..

799
817
683
510

5,371
4,823
3,611
2,336

26,944

427

40,440

23,804

443

20,218

407

8,273
5,392
5,264
3,911

1921.
January
February
March
April

506
549
870

3,262
3,277
4,424
5,084

20,528

250

17,020

197

May.....
June
July
August..

896
952
795
954

5,632
5,645
6,070
6,940

September.
October....
November..
December..

971
1,029
880
847

7,174
7,991
5,158
4,583

1922.
January..
February.
March
April

744
815
1,252

4,811
6,264
8,953

14,068

22,776
29,176
24,494

275

24,494

244

33,240

221

35,277

251

41,259
37,405

357

24,221

350

22,056

290

23,696

271

39,240

205

49,758

306

2,359
1,786
2,341
3,497
3,543
3,581
2,641
2,292
2,706
3,984
4,197
2,846
3,033
2,417
4,165

26,932
33,330
21,399

15,437
9,037
10,640
12,919
20,404
18,502
13,604
10,832
11,283
18,419
17,695
14,553

19,695
10,733
24,270

1,942
1,618
2,640
3,711

40,275
29,548
25,381

166 1,915 $9,960
170 2,190 14,358
227 3,382 20,319

11,599

47,055

80

9,511

38,307

86

2,320
1,447
2,976
3,039

49
49
54

368 $3,266
3,962
523
5,845

10,440

281

8,214

281

17,939

653

18,946

824

17,047

821

19,674

466

19,808

531

18,972

476

15,945

62,575

158

20,872

90,933

184

3,218
2,691
2,334
2,384

17,104

65,362

234

10,891

44,330

274

8,607

40,811

284

10,803

41,627

270

2,719
3,061
2,507
2,832

2,410
2,206
2,035
1,777

8,222
11,173
7,264
5,534

36,015

175

1,834

12,762

484

43,433

118

1,779

14,258

742

32,158

79

1,045

6,950

417

23,516

85

719

7,288

302

1,257
1,625
2,969
3,328

1,573
2,085
3,833
4,556
4,683
4,758
3,684
4,729

6,724

30,732

73

8,319

36,294

81

14,382

60,701

160

17,948

75,006

228

18,804

82,982

287

18,227

75,175

355

13,961

60,452

371

17,949

80,329

358

5,286
5,314
4,681
4,236

21,709

95,303

321

21,978

89,650

202

22,666

90,324

147

21,901

100,897

144

3,410
3,079
6,322

18,083

75,728

107

16,490

75,728

130

30,348

121,551

238

4,668
3,731
4,369
4,457

1,868
2,341
2,973
4,222
4,712
3,011
8,200
4,850
3,166
6,186
2,573
3,441
4,779
1,146

6,905

782

8,647

94

19,031

587

22,640

660

4,482

24,462

645

23,441

1,507

3,288
12,762
8,223
4,840

28,602

1,582

27,959

879

4,238
3,228
3,416
3,297

26,459

1,987

22,429

680

18,212

521

15,046

760

11,878
5,200
4,506
6,343

2,001
2,325
5,071

12,067

727
995
804

5,369
7,749
5,212

13,110
25,575

May..
June.
1
Data compiled by the F. W. Dodge Co., covering small towns and rural districts as well as large cities. Prior to May, 1921, these figures covered 25 northeastern
stateo and the District of Columbia. The states are those north and east of, and including, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee, and Virginia, together
with portions of eastern Kansas and Nebraska. Beginning May, 1921, North Carolina and South Carolina were added to the list, but this addition is stated to have little
effect upon the total.
* Estimates made by the F. W. Dodge Co.




72

BUILDING STATISTICS—CONTRACTS AWARDED.
Table 33.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
PUBLIC
WORKS AND
PUBLIC
UTILITIES.

PUBLIC
BUILDINGS.

YEAK AND MONTH.

I
SOCIAL AND
RECREATIONAL
BUILDINGS.

RELIGIOUS AND
MEMORIAL
BUILDINGS.

NumNumNumNumber of
ber of Square
ber of Square
ber of
projfeet. Value. proj- Value. projfeet. Value. projects.
ects.
ects.
ects.

GRAND TOTAL. 3

Numquare
ber of Square
feet. Value. i projfeet. Value.
I ects.

FIRE
LOSSES.

Relative to 1919.
1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average.
average..
average..

33
28
36
53

65
100

100
96
91

100
137
147

100
198
166

100
82
108

100
13
1
9
1

100
98
117

100
8
1
15
1

100
109
130

100
87
126

100
95
173

100
10
1
11
6

100
70
95

100
72
70

66
62
68
85

76
108
73
79

70
363
86
118

45
51
79
96

79
84
140
153

68
59
100
122

93
66
114
112

81
61
124
161

43
26
54
82

54
16
86
87

47
20
90
118

57
51
78

91
75
118
110

105
93
141
142

165
119
123

117
130
123
143

62
436
207
86

132
723
146
163

100
102
111
103

134
186
111
145

132
130
131
110

85
94
79
117

137
120
123
134

103
113
131
135

104
108
145
112

146
161
143
138

90
81
75
75

89
80
60
61

115
121
95
94

113
115
112

98
89
68
91

212
183
50
72

246
128
80
127

95
86
56
54

104
115
52
53

102
77
75
73

58
52
62
45

92
116
98
62

100
113
90
53

124
131
74

140
161
89
68 |
I

65
56
47

91

100
123
124

1920.
January...
February.
March
April
May....
June
July
August..
September.
October
November.
December..

56
55
41

60
47

114
126
125
184

1921.
January...
February March
April

57
49 |
68 j
100 !

66
188
117
234

96
222
203
249

36
40
85
124

58
44
81
115

62
82
112
156

39
77
108
215

61
77
136
280

62
53
74
142

83
83
97
186

72 j
72 j
80 |
196

41
49
87
105

33
36
58
74

52
47
76
103

158
115
127
99

May
June
July....
August.

109 i

158
88
138
87

165
125
160
133

149
173
135
145

155
127
112
107

148
150
136
137

115
136
121
128

143
146
146
122

148
170
191
178

161
261
287
204

144
226
299
198

110
115
94
112

77
77
68
76

113
106
99
103

107
129
149
115

291
123
69
193

234
136
79
192

132
124
82
65

85
84
63
67

122
119
102
78

157
109
97
79

168
95

165
151
105
84

275
209
111
115

249
183
104
108

119
118
100
90

90
87
82
76

115
103
89
92

114
125
117
129

100
53
219

84
63
170

49
52
120

45
51
124

77
58
114

72

91
57
118

68
85
120

102
142
179

108
156
156

74
70
135

65
65
112

77

172
131
178

130 I
134
113

September.
October
November.
December..

96
96
74
64

I

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

77
38
83

108

May..
June.




i
See footnotes on opposite page.

137

73

BUILDING STATISTICS—CONTRACTS AWARDED.
Table 34.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

PUBLIC
BUILDINGS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

av
av....
av
av

Num- Thou- Thou- Number
ber
sands sands
of
of
of
of
proj- square dollars, projects. feet.
ects.

SOCIAL AND
RECREATIONAL
BUILDINGS.

RELIGIOUS AND
MEMORIAL
BUILDINGS.

;RAND TOTAL.*

Thou- Num- Thou- Thou- Num- Thou- Thou- Number
sands sands ber
ber
sands sands
sands
of
of
of
of
of
of
of
of
proj- square dollars. proj- square dollars. projdollars. ects. feet.
ects.
ects. feet.

Thousands
of
square
feet.

av.
av.
av.,
av.
av.

1918 monthly
1919monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

PUBLIC WORKS
AND PUBLIC
UTILITIES.

Thousands
of
dollars.

FIRE
LOSSES.
Thousands
of
dollars.

$71,475
60,020
78,341
113,082
134,086

47

172

654
534
704

$41,834
47,195
38,265

111
109
130

1,265
1,030
1,456

186,964
7,594
9,050

91
79
115

422

5,609
4,223

140,770
4 6 , 3 3 3 214,990
211,102
33,383
32,247
196,648

767

$3,127
3,446
5,033

6,862
4,821
6,520

241
71
381
385

1,484
615
2,813
3,695

3,906
3,504
5,367
6,742

41,952
34,914
54,495
50,962

226,116
200,757
302,133
304,974

37,013
26,631
27,598
22,109

822,416
27,571
27,721

43

252

$1,119
2,218
1,859

1920.
January
February
March
April

31
29
32
40

130
186
126
136

782
4,060
967
1,323

295
336
517
626

33,018
35,124
58,412
63,873

76
66
111
135

1,177
832
1,436
1,417

11,198

39
24
49
75

May....
June
July....
August.

55
61
58
67

107
751
356
148

1,476
8,087
1,637
1,819

654
670
724
674

56,086
77,895
46,367
60,459

146
144
145
122

1,075
1,191
1,004
1,484

9,561
8,327
8,572
9,363

94
103
119
123

461
481
647
500

4,579
5,040
4,478
4,309

5,584
5,131
5,129

41,306
36,979
27,745
28,220

246,935
260, 111
204,498
202,652

25,440
25,746
25,136
17,931

September.
October
November..
December..

46

365
315
87
124

2,751
1,433
895
1,418

620
565
369
356

43,392
47,900
21,848
21,972

113
86
83
81

734
661
785
564

6,394
8,108
6,839
4,310

91
103
82
48

549
584
329
436

4,389
5,041
2,774
2,137

4,758
4,449
3,839
3,249

25,832
25,469
18,802
13,926

178,179
177,758
128,966
100,145

25,630
28,331
28,093
41,198

113
324
202
404

1,079
2,482
2,271
2,781

237
264
558
812

24,186
18,547
33,958
48,043

91
124
173

495
979
1,368
2,723

4,274
5,328
9,461
19,533

56
48
67
129

367
368
430
827

2,261
2,253
2,487
6,138

2,834
3,361
5,981
7,176

15,359
16,772
26,703
34,471

111,608
100,677
164,092
220,886

35,320
25,889
28,581
22,179

1921.
January
February
March
April

45

42
32
43

27
23
32
47

May....
June
July
August.

51
61

273
152
238
150

1,846
1,402
1,793
1,490

977
1,130
895
949

64,999
52,967
46,902
44,797

164
166
151
152

1,451
1,710
1,529
1,624

9,975
10,202
10,136
8,502

135
155
174
162

715
1,161
1,276
907

4,497
7,075
9,356
6,204

7,530
7,919
6,440
7,684

! 35,731
j 35,738
j 31,717
i 35,246

242,094
227,711
212,491
220,721

23,957
29,001
33,356
25,829

September.
October
November..
December...

45
45
35
30

501
212
119
332

2,620
1,523
884
2,143

861
808
538
423

35,414
35,141
26,397
27,833

135
132
113
87

1,990
1,383
1,222
1,002

11,693
6,632
6,713
6,149

150
137
96
76

1,222
928
491
510

7,778
5,735
3,246
3,369

8,144 j 41,702
8,096 j 40,436
6,891
37,818
6,181
35,272

246,186
222,480
192,311
198,518

25,502
27,955
26,179
28,908

1922.
January**—..
February
April
••--..

36
18

172
92
377

942
705 I
1,902

318
338
788

18,735
21,193
51,997

64
127

914
787
1,362

6,356
3,941
8,228

62
77
109

455
629
795

3,367
4,882
4,880

5,073
4,782
9,250

30,261
30,061
51,957

166,320
177,473
293,637

29,304
39,911

MayJune.
1
Data compiled by the F. W. Dodge Co., covering small towns and rural districts as well as large cities, except fire losses in the United States and Canada, included
here for convenience, compiled by the New York Journal of Commerce. Prior to May, 1921, the building figures covered 25 northeastern states and the District of Columbia.
The states are those north and east of, and including, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee and Virginia, together with portions of eastern Kansas and
Nebraska. Beginning May, 1921, North Carolina and South Carolina were added to the list, but this addition is stated to have little effect upon the total.
* Grand total includes military and naval buildings and miscellaneous, in addition to the groups listed in this and the preceding table (p. 72).




74
LUMBER.
Table 35.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
WESTERN
PINE.*

YELLOW
PINE.1
YEAR AND MONTH. ProducStocks.
tion.

Produc- Shipments.
tion.

CALIFORNIA
WHITE PINE.a
Produc- Shiption.
ments.

1917 mo.
1918 mo.
1919 mo.
1920 mo.
1921 mo.

av..
av..
av..
av..
av..

100
87
90
85

100
81
68
87

100
104

1920.
January
February...
March
April

86
85
96
97

70
70
71
77

May....
June
July....
August.

94
87
86
87

September..
October
November..
December..

Stocks.

Produc- Shipments.
tion.

MICHIGAN
HARDWOOD/

Produc- ShipOrders Produc- Shiption.
ments. received.
ments.
tion.
Relative to 1918.

Relative to 1917.

Relative to 1918.

Relative to 1917.

CALIFORNIA
REDWOOD.*

DOUGLAS
FIR.<

Relative to 1917.

100
89
99
100
70

100
92
111
74

100
117
113
91

100
108
100
139

100
107
107
109
85

100
112
110
104
92

100
97
118
106

100
113
124
100

100
139
106
102

100
74
72
62
43

59
73
112
145

128
133
140
120

40
50
81

179
110
149
85

72
58
66
59

117
120
125
127

131
116
129
105

83
101
123
107

153
175
173
127

129
143
127
111

63
64
80

82
90
94
97

157
169
157
151

118
111
94
112

159
166
154
187

130
114
103
132

75
86
93
125

122
122
85
108

119
105
85
102

138
123
115
151

128
97
104
135

104
56
84
134

56
64
72
68

50
54
56

85
78
72
62

97
98
97
96

144
127
93

89
63
54
41

163
160
95
42

106
122
78
49

126
159
142
140

108
107
98
71

93
97
85
77

132
122
139
84

104
108
124
61

128
148
72
36

62
63
48
44

41
36
24
16

1921.
January
February...
March
April

95
94
94
91

22
20
56

39
44
57
67

7
10
11
17

24
59
61
72

135
140
138
128

47
57
73
80

56
64

55
90
116
93

63
60
105
108

29

79
71
87

119
106

44
49
62
68

18
15
28
22

May....
June—
July....
August.

92
87
87
94

67

82

102
143
131
132

95
97
34
113

122
143
139
151

92
91
78
94

111
97
83
113

122
108
86
129

81
77
77
119

79
47
116

58
52

92
89

96
106
96
92

27
35
29
31

September..
October
November..
December..

93
95
100
92

86
79
79
82

75
72
56
33

83
96
87
75

112
111
67
50

115
150
116
109

122
160
136
150

97
107
105

98
113
97
93

113
113
135
105

105
117
171
117

121
155
197
105

27
23
32
31

42
57
48
38

1922.
January
February...
March
April

94
88
101

85

31
37
52

75
81
107

39
18
14

76
75
95

143
142
118

100
116
115

102
107
114

100
87
130

120
132
156

139
135

43
35
35

34
30
31

119

100
71
74
45

57
50
52
51

May..
June.
See footnotes on opposite page also.
The figures given for production and stocks of yellow pine are computed from data furnished by the Southern Pine Association. The method of computing is first to
find the per cent which the actual production of the mills reporting is to the normal produciton of these same mills. This per cent is then applied to the normal production of 192 mills. Assuming that the mills reporting are a good sample of the industry the resulting figure in each month is equivalent to the actual production of the 192
identical mills and hence shows the trend of the industry. The same procedure is followed in the case of stocks. The normal monthly production of the 192 mills is given
as 484,065,392 feet and the normal stocks of the same mills as 1,262,450,326 feet. By normal production the Southern Pine Association means the average output for the first
4 months of 1916 and normal stocks refer to the average stocks during the 16 months ending with April, 1916.
2
The Western Pine Manufacturers1 Association has supplied figures showing the actual and normal production for the mills reporting in each of the periods shown.
From these figures the per cent of normal production is obtained in each case, and this per cent is applied to the normal production of 54 identical mills. The normal
monthly production of these 54 mills is given as 148,000,000 board feet and is estimated to represent 70 per cent of the output of the western pine territory.
8
Actual figures reported by about 20 mills each month to the California White and Sugar Pine Association; the number of mills varies from 13 to 26.
1




75
LUMBER.
Table 36.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.
[Base year in bold-face type; index numbers on opposite page.]
YELLOW PINE.i

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Production.

Stocks.

WESTERN
PINE.2

Production.

Shipments.

CALIFORNIA
WHITE PINE.3
Production.

Shipments. Stocks,

DOUGLAS
FIR.<

Production.

Shipments.

CALIFORNIA
REDWOODS

Production.

Ship- Orders
rements. ceived.

MICHIGAN
HARDWOODS
Production.

Shipments.

Thousands of feet, board measure.

1917 monthly a v . .
1918 m o n t h l y av..

423,509 1,371,652 113,320 110,423

349,165 323,201

192,246
154,367
175,567
157,091

408,435
420,341
435,113
443,618

423,474
374,233
417,655
338,421

30,903
37,618
46,203
40,040

43,513
49,880
49,213
36,115

37,180
41,333
36,693
32,115

26,922
28,539
28,942
35,848

28,088
24,771
25,624
24,859

41,356
36,243
32,976
41,963

199,922
229,733
248,647
333,762

424,817
427,055
295,895
375,576

383,186
337,973
275,303
331,259

51,740
45,990
43,010
56,730

36,488
27,538
29,743
38,575

30,053
16,093
24,338
38,690

25,062
28,673
32,444
30,581

24,501
26,504
27,321
25,841

85,439
84,003
49,940
22,013

33,882
38,855
24,766
15,686

337,743
424,852
379,770
373,606

376,471
372,890
340,659
249,339

300,371
314,696
274,407
247,996

49,333
45,785
52,158
31,403

29,618
30,748
35,378
17,235

36,845
42,690
20,640
10,243

27,812
28,424
21,604
20,009

20,028
17,534
11,576
8,051

42,793
48,603
63,126
74,453

3,659
5,482
5,576
8,971

7,554
18,665
19,600
22,922

361,100
372,835
367,374
342,177

163,391
213,527
253,368
277,989

182,192
205,470
277,989
315,591

20,768
33,607
43,496
35,002

17,821
16,940
30,002
30,635

8,480
18,080
34,248
27,867

19,961
22,040
27,811
30,681

8,732
7,501
13,670
10,917

109,266
119,831
108,354
103,948

73,942
75,868
76,120
90,397

53,423
75,357
68,597
69,240

30,273
31,097
26,914
36,150

325,209
382,202
371,804
403,083

320,515
316,039
273,064
329,020

358,565
314,248
267,245
363,937

45,799
40,539
32,334
48,748

23,051
21,786
21,935
33,797

28,394
22,817
13,682
33,417

26,345
23,572
14,912
15,745

13,314
17,273
14,098
15,230

1,183,042
1,083,311
1,087,727
1,125,979

84,984
82,144
63,155
37,145

91,996
105,780
96,496
82,505

58,940
58,348
35,445
26,278

36,543
47,808
37,018
34,827

324,761
427,720
363,698
401,677

337,973
374,681
366,646
346,634

316,486
366,176
312,477
301,688

42,721
42,423
50,489
39,490

29,817
33,417
48,814
33,280

35,024
44,599
56,820
30,235

12,218 j 20,756
10,269 ! 28,164
14,204 28,472
13,972 18,549

1,172,652
1,200,704
1,208,089

35,385
41,793
58,831

82,874
89,272
117,736

20,318
9,327
7,290

24,287
23,893
30,327

381,316
378,640
314,258

350,081
403,802
402,459

330,831
346,500
367,988

37,386
32,648
48,884

34,057
37,536
44,507

40,067
38,841
48,604

19,471
15,904
15,869

118,178
111,192
134,467
74,437

97,784 52,561 31,900 267,113
109,032
48,263
37,284
287,645
110,697
58,368
36,036
267,276
76,840
39,110
29,114
370,303

April

365,663
360,532
408,358
408,745

957,715
962,871
977,768
1,058,943

66,304
82,273
127,014
163,910

141,118
147,082
154,556
132,164

19,146
21,240
56,152
42,573

57,191
34,943
47,501
27,076

May....
June...
July....
August.

396,836
369,197
365,857
367,260

1,126,863
1,236,065
1,285,806
1,323,805

178,325
191,764
177,437
171,147

130,773
123.047
104,281
123,536

83,347
87,513
80,723
98,324

September.
October
November..
December..

359,951
3.29,455
303,606
260,911

1,323,805
1,342,995
1,332,138
1,320,649

163,096
144,418
105,805
42,106

98,198
69,220
59,141
45,244

1921.
January
February
March
April

291,843
334,054
384,300

1,302,849
1,284,291
1,287,447
1,248,058

24,698
22,274
63,126
74,324

May....
June
July....
August.

387,736
367,357
370,310
396,062

1,223,441
1,225,461
1,256,643
1,225,839

September.
October
November..
December..

391,948
401,484
423,702
389,832

1922.
January
February
March
April

396,120
373,626
428,103

1920 monthly a v . .
1921 monthly a v . .

! 49,13 7
j 34,776
| 36,284
j 22,058
j 16,390

361,251 37,460 28,470
32,116
355,432
36,336
35,212
335,735
44,243
28,441
298,505
39,618

1,116,259
937,748
1,187,587
1,211,174

1919 monthly a v . .

45,051
33,234
32,413
40,082
27,906
30,717
19,311
29,472

375,128
374,680
380,850
297,737

368,325
380,524
358,031
375,438

28,844

1920.
January
February
March

16,601
14,730
15,276

May..
June.
See footnotes on opposite page also.
* Thefiguresgiven in these columns were obtained by applying the percentagefiguresof actual production and shipments to normal production of reporting mills as
supplied by the West Coast Lumbermen's Association to the actual production of 124 mills for May, 1920. The production in that month was 447,674,540 board feet.
5 The California Redwood Association has furnished to the Bureau of the Census thefigureson the actual production, shipments, and orders received by 7 identical
mills for each month of 1918,1919, and 1920. These 7 mills represent 40 per cent of the capacity of all listed mills for these years. For the first 4 months of 1921 reports
were furnished from 10 mills representing 56£ per cent of the capacity of all listed mills. For the remaining months of 1921 reports are available from 11 mills representing
71 per cent of the total listed capacity. The actual average monthly production of the 7 reporting mills for 1918 was 14,984,000 feet. On the basis of 40 per cent capacity of
the 1918 average monthly production of all mills is computed as 37,460,000 feet. Regarding this as normal production, there has been computed the probable production
of the total redwood capacity based on the proportion which the capacity of the reporting mills bears to the total of all mills. The columns on shipments and orders received represent a similar relationship between the actual reported figures and the total capacity of all mills.
«Actualfiguresreported by about 40 mills each month to the Michigan Hardwood Manufacturing Association; the number of mills varies from 36 to 58, but 48 is the
highest number reporting in any month since the beginning of 1919.




76

LUMBER AND FLOORING.
Table 37.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-face type; numerical data on opposite page.]
NORTH CAROLINA PINE.2

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Shipments.

NORTHERN
HEMLOCKS

Production.

Relative to 1919.

1909-13 monthly averace
1913 monthly averaee
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average

Shipments.

Production.

Orders Stocks
end of
booked. month.

84
53
51

76
100
114

119
110.
131
108
78

48
48
71
72
56

113

108

141
186

105
148

70
59
73
77

1OO
110
87
89

100
93
90

94
89
80
72
46

91
104
102
53
52

110
103
116
121
101

126

75

55

104
128

83
95

65
77

1OO
78
87
103

Unfilled

orders
end of
month.

148
191

77
1OO
122
156
187

131
1OO
183
232
250

85
1OO
80
98
210

167
73
151
161
186

174
92
184
130
226

147
78
193
104
230

277
294
160
258
375

288
109
207
178
161

182

195

278

94

311

178
214

170
233

144
170

100
116

350
341

220

154

112

140

223

173
102

78

180

93

53
81

80

131

109

82

230
312
348

253
177

86

229
207
146

105
104
62
30

76
72
56
56

108
112
110
94

83
78
92
76

66
62
77
44

361
383
409
425

74
73
55
59

104
135
170

30
37
43

48
37
41

64
83
127

70
99
174

85
88
209

444
443
444

50
56
51

47

179

63

54

153

199

229

413

84

52
60
60

50
61

162

66
62
77

189
204
193

229
212

194
200
180

397
418

44

45
60
60

211

156
111

391

127
153
138

89

61

59

66

86

59

235

261

250

393

134

95
115

96
132

70
94
80
47

29
25
24
52

96
118
145
108

56
69

223
244

280
353

273
451

371
308

132
287

62

254

325

389

232

85

262

301

214

242

290
288

38
33
58

111
84
137

102
75
125

83
71
90

289
259
305

249
274
378

223
263
385

305
321
312

293
288
344

106

98

85

69

167

109

May

118

132

33

87

95

June .
July
August

112

71
90

51

114
112

131

91

95
68

34
55

89

81

87

63

127

145
158

97
97

85
67
71
58

75
73
57
46

56
49
40
25

113
124
83
82

33
63
71

49
60
62

50
46
42

16
24
31

84

68

45

79
86
91

73
93
102

92

September
October
November
December

FLOORINGS

Relative to 1913.

71
1OO
112
138
173

1OO
89
95
98

112
115

1920.
Jfvrniary . .
.
February
March
April . .

Shipments.

Relative
to 5-year
average.
1OO

1OO
100
82
84

100
98
88

OAB[

Exports
Ship- of boards, Producments. planks,
tion.
joists,
etc.

Relative to 1913.

114

1917 monthly average
1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average

LUMBER.

NORTHERN
HARDWOODS.'

82

87
78

120
99

1921.
January . .
February
March . . .
April
May
June .
July
August . .

. . ..

124

134

December

126

126

42
31
32
26

1922.
January
February
March . . .

124
149
153

100
128
156

55
35
54

September
October

May




i

See footnotes on opposite page.

1

77

LUMBER AND FLOORING.
Table 38.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
NORTH CAROLINA PINE.2

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Ship-

NORTHERN
HEMLOCKS

Production.

Shipments.

'
|

NORTHERN
HARDWOODS.'

Production.

Shipments.

LUMBER.

OAK FLOORINGS

Exports of
boards,
Producplanks,
tion.
joists,
etc.

Shipments.

Orders
booked.

Stocks
end of
month.

Unfilled
orders
end of
month.

4.572
6,009
6,877
8,894
11,470

4,719
6,104
7,419
9,525
11,429

11,750
9,000
16,500
20,900
22,500

6,160
7,250
5,800
7,100
15,250

Thousands of feet, board measure.
178,388

1909-1913 monthly average.
1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..

32,339
34,653
35,659

28,318
31,034
24,755
25,296

25,390
19,911
22,067
26,041

149,145
93,959
91,216

4,572
6,675
7,464
9,205
11,563

33,169
37,974
37,051
19,431
18,927

31,061
29,241
32,732
34,206
28,658

30,105
27,813
33,328
27,509
19,689

85,220
85,452
109,268
129,227
100,587

11,120
4,858
10,101
10,745
12,411

10,446
5,537
11,070
7,800
13,586

8,956
4,781
11,782
6,343
14,058

24,900
26,500
14,433
23,237
33,729

20,9(30

i 37,664

36,443

37,603
30,718
31,798

' 34,230
! 33,514
! 30,164

33,179
29,791
29,052

35,327
33,643
30,056
27,290
17,184

|
: 38,948
! 38,185
j 39,298
! 36,176

40,390
33,306
41,258
31,528

28,420
31,106
35,920
31,838

19,985
23,738
28,118
25,025

31,373
39,911
52,723
47,343

27,519
26,750
37,606
27,574

124,626
105,176
129,460
137,049

12,129
11,907
14,303
14,654

11,721
10,233
13,994
9,225

16,961
8,818
10,394
6,834

8,492
8,979
10,462
12,560

22,560
25,345
24,696
16,200

; 40,341
! 38,437
31,276
30,527

42,483
30,422
21,994
25,928

12,527
26,711
33,742
32,713

12,287
20,089
18,735
23,113

24,644
32,285
31,615
35,984

23,995
33,169
36,879
40,169

155,098
139,236
153,270
143,061

15,296
13,799
9,774
8,756

10,405
6,123
5,569
6,567

4,744
3,253
4,922
4,996

16,234
20,683
28,035
31,286

18,336
12,830
8,736
7,195

September.
October
November.
December..

33,068
33,103
28,042
14,763

27,370
21,525
22,715
18,571

28,280
27,333
21,590
17,294

20,449
17,991
14,574
9,065

31,903
35,230
23,629
23,329

26,581
26,476
15,679
7,705

135,983
128,187
99,086
100,496

7,200
7,499
7,368
6,251

4,979
4,711
5,509
4,562

4,019
3,785
4,695
2,694

32,534
34,476
36,850
38,257

5,331
5,311
3,997
4,287

1921.
January...
February.
March
April

11,221
21,539
24,423
28,693

15,883
19,215
20,020
21,805

18,979
17,183
15,709
17,101

5,930
8,584
11,302
17,059

29,469
38,317
48,279
50,716

7,528
9,493
10,937
15,939

86,182
66,342
73,180
96,558

4,269
5,508
8,464
10,222

4,182
5,966
10,474
11,981

5,217
5,355
12,742
14,002

39,949
39,843
39,998
37,213

3,620
4,095
3,666
6,111

May
June
July
August..

26,999
29,316
30,989
31,360

23,604
29,995
32,879
28,553

19,638
22,740
22,444
22,883

18,234
22,376
16,107
21,356

45,902
44,317
31,530
18,747

16,715
15,723
19,607
21,845

79,665
106,862
106,388
105,848

12,609
13,636
12,895
15,717

12,702
13,767
12,737
15,670

11,869
12,186
10,996
15,256

35,764
37,588
35,201
35,352

9,240
11,095
9,969
9,722

September.
October
November.
December..

32,396
39,347
42,497
43,190

30,758
42,406
42,980
40,530

15,705
11,782
12,091
9,953

25,544
34,296
29,259
17,076

8,196
6,985
6,730
14,709

24,377
29,928
36,799
27,379

100,585
123,264
110,902
151,268

14,900
16,266
16,933
17,510

16,837
21,209
19,544
18,065

16,667
27,559
23,771
13,070

33,415
27,742
20,922
21,763

9,552
20,808
21,022
20,888

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

42,490
50,890
52,290

32,270
41,090
50,050

20,633
13,368
20,290

13,867
11,931
21,051

31,399
23,660
38,698

25,841
19,059
31,675

148,675
125,973
159,869

19,262
17,282
20,367

14,970
16,455
22,690

13,606
16,063
23,479

27,467
28,856
28,090

21,330
20,907
24,935

1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average
average
average
average
average

1920.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August..

7,9CH3
15,033
12,902
11,649

May.
June.
1

Except exports of lumber from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
Data computed from reports on actual production and shipments as furnished by the North Carolina Pine Association, Inc., for mills varying in number from 31 to 65.
The computed figures given are obtained by first determining for a given month the per cent which the actual production is of the normal production of the identical mills
2

which reported in 1919. A similar per cent of actual shipments to normal production is applied to the samefigureto obtain the computed shipment figures. The resulting
figures represent a computed production as of identical mills for each month. Thefiguresare of the same order of magnitude as the actual reported production and shipments, but avoid the rather wide variations due to different mills reporting in different months.
3
Compiled by the Northern Hemlock and Hardwood Manufacturers7 Association, representing chiefly Wisconsin and upper Michigan mills. These figures represent
aetual reports from 60 to 75 mills each month. The hardwoods cut are mostly maple, birch, and beech.
* Data from reports of the Oak Flooring Manufacturer's Association, by 25 mills, said to represent about 90 per cent of the total oakflooringindustry.




78
BRICK,
Table 39.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
CLAY FIRE BRICK.?

ProducYEAR AND MONTH.
tion.

Ship-

SILICA BRICK.*

WHOLESALE
PRICES.

FACE BRICK.*

Common
Stocks
brick,
in
New Unfilled Produc- ShipProduc- sheds Unfilled Ship- salmon,
Stocks. orders. orders.
tion. ments. Stocks.
tion.
orders. ments. run of
and
kiln,
kilns.
Chicago.
Relative
to 1920
(lOmos.).

Relative to 1919.
1913 mo. av..
1914 mo. av..
1915 mo. av..
1916 mo. av..
1917 m o . av..
|
j
!
j

Common
brick,
red,
New
York.

Relative to 1913.

100
99
97
97

100
84
92

100

1918 mo. av..
1919 mo. av..
1920 mo. av..
1921 mo. av..

100
120
63

1920.
January
February
March
April

125
107
133
120

109
134
117

May....
June
July....
August.

114
120
118
121

September..
October
November..
December..
1921.
January.
February
March
April

100

100
93

100

100

100

100
111

100

100

100

100

40

103
107

100
79

140
153

134
43

100

122
135

151
181
232
189

182
243
333
232

381
381
381

120
45

195
38

106
40

103
102
102
104

166
174
173
160

152
188
211
236

130
104
128
109

92
116
115
105

113
109
114
115

121
109
112
113

107
138
127
137

107
191
201
199

122
108

200
208
211
221

123
127
121
128

100
98
97
94

152
111
65
117

253
245
215
210

108
97
88
97

112
102
93
119

114
113
111
104

115
118
102
95

139
142
131
136

203
172
134
106

122
138
118
115

225
230
241
248

381
381
381
343

118
120
120
121

140
144
128
111

86
78
75
79

118
109
50
48

199
181
140
106

110
116
97

131
122
122
107

90
86
84
81

91
90
75
59

140
162
154
163

79
60
43
33

104
96
47
31

246
251
249
251

240
251
251
259

105
81
83
52

90
70
63
51

85
89
97
97

76
60
45
38

77
66
63
24

58
40
34
30

89

40
33
38

34
41
63

173
173
155
137

33
33
36
41

27
36
75
78

229
227
235
186

251
251
248
229

May....
June
July
August.

49
53
43

45
43
43
52

99
103
103
103

41
44
33
47

36
37
32
29

17
28
13
27

37
18
22
27

99
103

84
91
96
118

136
133
138
160

48
49
49
55

94
106
102
128

177
170
172
172

221
221
225
225

September..
October....
November..
December..

49

51
63
58

102
100
102
105

50
59
58
54

29
27
28
25

101
101

33
34

28
34
38
52

91
104
101
85

141
157
159
181

47
44
42
40

108
118
87
71

171
174
175
181

232
229
229
221

100
106
107

61
70
61

25
32
46

47
47
65

59
52
56

87
86

56
51
93

173
170
176

37
52
69

46
57
116

170
170
173

232
255
248

1922.
January
February
March
April

63
67

59
68
84

123
57

59
76

108
106

100

93

May..
June..




See footnotes on opposite page.

79

BRICK.
Table 40.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
CLAY FIRE BRICK.2

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

SILICA BRICK.3

New Unfilled
Shipments. Stocks. orders. orders.

Production.

NumShipber
ments. Stocks. of
mills
reporting.

Production.

Thousands of bricks.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average.
average. 50,727 50,648 138,810 51,434
average. 60,715 62,438 129,235 61,809
average. 32,029 29,114 136,967 22,958

Common ComStocks
brick, mon
in
Shipsheds Unfilled ments. salmon, brick,
orders.
run of red,
and
kiln,
New
kilns.
Chi- York.
cago.
Per thousand.

Thousands of bricks.

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

WHOLESALE
PRICES.

FACE BRICK.'

$4,938 $6,563
4.872
5.531
4.780
6.052
4.783
8.035
4.947
8.885
93,746
182,513
35,976

14,062 14,008 41,750
14,904 15,580 42,911
5,552 44,592
5,595

45,184
45,120
35,681

89,119
124,471
136,754

86,279
115,696 32,412
37,059 27,851

7.449
8.947
11.441
9.334

11.927
15.958
21.854
15.250

24.000
25.000
25.000
25.000

1920.
January
February
March
April

63,546
54,344
67,400
60,872

50,333
54,974
67,714
59,142

142,900
142,271
141,956
143,686

85,488
89,499
88,870
82,264

142,113
176,639
197,795
220,916

18,267
14,608
18,049
15,291

12,943
16,274
16,083
14,718

47,239
45,546
47,512
48,112

116
127
110
99

54,813
49,330
50,577
50,871

95,056
122,950
113,038
122,323

161,703
165,144
173,151
171,982

39,629
35,167

9.850
10.270
10.430
10.920

May
June
July
August..

57,647
60,715
59,771
61,344

62,052
64,332
61,501
64,726

139,282
135,664
134,013
130,631

78,253
57,097
33,425
60,080

237,039
229,593
201,805
197,165

15,127
13,707
12,424
13,598

15,673
14,226
12,997
16,656

47,566
47,047
46,474
43,416

104
103
97
100

51,771
53,343
46,025
43,080

123,813
126,145
116,887
120,912

175,129
148,618
115,672
91,451

39,397
44,586
38,171
37,206

11.090
11.360
11.880
12.220

25.000
25.000
25.000
22.483

September.
October
November.
December..

59,614
61,108
61,029
61,187

70,781
72,826
64,726
56,153

119,463
107,745
104,049
109,161

60,479
55,917
25,717
24,616

186,863
169,954
130,867
99,408

12,342
15,428
16,356
13,653

18,322
17,066
17,039
14,963

37,409
35,770
35,088
33,750

99
105

41,221
40,673
33,695
26,437

124,957
144,518
137,479
145,576

68,075
51,769
36,873
28,783

33,575
31,127
15,092
10,170

12.160
12.400
12.310
12.400

15.766
16.500
16.500
17.000

1921.
January
February
March
April

53,244
41,298
42,284
26,527

45,377
35,674
31,923
25,791

118,290
123,914
134,275
135,011

19,954
20,811
17,196
19,499

71,428
56,565
41,839
35,546

10,866
9,319'
8,927
3,326

8,066
5,583
4,763
4,156

37,035
40,771
44,934
44,104

106

17,833
15,314
18,611
28,603

154,092
154,156
137,994
122,041

28,392
28,425
30,668
35,187

8,704
11,628
24,463
25,282

11.310
11.210
11.580
9.170

16.500
16.500
16.250
15.000

May.....
June
July
August..

24,958
26,967
21,909
26,189

22,791
21,862
21,587
26,485

137,178
142,283
142,604
142,308

21,075
22,397
16,851
24,190

33,830
34,365
29,629
27,334

2,442
3,879
1,847
3,836

5,161
2,455
3,150
3,752

41,385
42,809
41,507
41,591

37,734
41,303
43,188
53,410

121,185
118,192
122,671
142,178

41,298
42,476
42,261
47,050

30,474
34,266
33,189
41,609

8.740
8.410
8.490
8.51

14.500
14.500
14.750
14. 750

September.
October
November.
December..

24,641
30,409
31,921
34,000

25,931
32,115
29,230
30,596

141,017
139,311
142,002
145,406

25,512
30,133
29,964
27,915

27,033
25,149
25,883
23,108

4,633
4,554
4,572
4,754

3,883
4,806
5,282
7,321

42,341
42,089
41,379
38,812

41,066
47,086
45,582
38,444

125,850
139,595
142,135
160,961

40,387
37,919
35,891
34,755

34,848
38,315
28,280
23,151

8.46
8.57
8.63
8.93

15.25
15.00
15.50
14.50

1922.
January
February
March
April

30,121
34,683
42,626

31,301
30,043
38,694

138,574
146,911
149,034

31,222
35,941
31,537

23,751
30,357
43,098

6,581
6,663
9,120

8,246
7,263
7,837

36,344
35,743
36,944

25,331
22,926
42,133

154,285
151,769
156,906

31,799
44,513
59,852

14,902
18,392
37,991

S.40
8.38
8.55

15.23
16.75
16.25

101
96

May..
June.
1
Except wholesale prices, monthly averages, from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. The sources of the other data in this table are: Clay fire and
silica brick from the Refractories Manufacturers' Association and face brick from the American Face Brick Association.
» Figures for 1921 are from reports of 68 identical mills with a monthly capacity of 78,645,942 bricks, which is estimated by the association to represent from 68 to 70
per cent of the total clay fire brick capacity of the United States. Figures for 1919,1920, and 1922 are computed to this capacity, respectively, from reports from 53, 56, and
60 mills having a monthly capacity for the years in question of 71,572,186, 73,526,103, and 73,307,190 bricks.
3
Figures for 1921 are from reports of 15 identical mills with a monthly capacity of 27,305,500 bricks, which is estimated by the association to represent from 78 to 80 per
cent of the total silica brick producing capacity of the United States. Figures for earlier years are computed to this capacity from reports of 12 identical mills with a monthl y
capacity of 25,448,833 bricks.
4
The figures on face brick include data from all firms reporting to the American Face Brick Association each month. The variation in the number of firms reporting
does not materially affect the comparison, as it has been checked on a small number of identical firms.
5 Ten months' average.




80

SANITARY WARE.
Table 41.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
ENAMELED WARE. 1
LAVATORIES.

BATHS.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

Orders
shipped.

Stocks.

Orders
received.

Orders
shipped.

Stocks.

SINKS.

Orders
received.

Orders
shipped.

Stocks.

SANITARY
POTTERY. "

MISCEIJUANEOUS.
Orders
received.

i

Orders
shipped.

Stocks.

Orders
received.

Orders
received.

Relative to 1919.
1913 mo. av .
1914 mo. av
1915 mo. av . .
1916 mo av
1917 mo av

104

98

Ill

108
122

106
129

122
103

148

143

136

144

96

98

89

78

i

31

71

95

47

61

116

40

82

96

61

1OO
53
59

1OO
112
127

100
31
78

100
73
77

100
110
122

100
53
89

100
65
73

100
109
119

100
59
112

100
66
76

100
34
43

1921.
January
February
March .
April

134
139
170
113

33
37
33
62

115
65
74
59

89
86
124
89

28
38
33
40

130
91
107
66

93
86
114
80

74
54
52
64

108
93
100
61

57
71
74

99

108
85
103
71

93
29
52
37

May
June
July
August

149
158
160
164

57
52
29
31

38
57
45
51

88
111
138
130

43
37
27
23

72
67
66
72

92
104
143
137

69
68
52
39

76
59
63
80

104
120
117
111

61
57

61
72
59
68

24
16
25
44

September
October . . . .
November
December

178
181
156
82

29
33
61
138

36
30
22
12

117
120
131
125

22
21
27
32

59
83
33
27

110
120
136
111

38
34
39
50

44
45
31
25

127
141
110
103

51
41
51
63

49
57
35
26

38
21
12
7

65
71

214
280

23
30

102
136

49
59

65
65

75
96

64
78

54
50

104
98

82
101

54
52

16
21

1921.
January
February .
March
April

D
M

.

00 CO
00 H

144

1OO
50
179

£

56

100
149
120

S3

1918 mo. av
1919 mo. av . . . .
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av

115

123
136

78

301

42

129

84

73

128

86

68

129

118

78

100

271

47

129

84

67

123

85

69

130

121

71

j

32

June
July
August

101
118
142
163

236
202
154
116

51
63
68
89

114
123
124
135

84
87
95
92

63
74
83
87

124
123
121
134

84
88
94
103

72
78
69
81

103
115
117
125

115
117
120
132

68
84
70
88

i
|
!

32
33
'44

September
October. .
November
December

183
148
112

75
71
96
126

82
89
59
60

145
169
120
99

85
67
72
80

92
111
70
68

134
170
130
105

102
85
91
106

88
110
71
71

131
154
117
97

118
103
101
115

92
108
75
71

i
1
I

53
67
54
85

140
152
189

127
135
167

84
70
91

138
154
199

73
73
90

109
93
130

135
135
166

103
103
122

96
81
108

137
125
158

104
101
108

130
84
115

May

1922.
January
February .
March
April

I

May
June

. .




1

See footnotes on opposite page.

32

124
52
52

81
SANITARY WARE.
Table 42.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources,
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on oppooite page.]
ENAMELED WARE. 1
LAVATORIES.

BATHS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Orders
shipped.

Stocks.

Orders
received.

Orders
shipped.

Stocks.

MISCELLANEOUS.

SINKS.

Orders
received.

Orders
shipped.

Stocks.

Orders
received.

Orders
shipped.

Stocks.

Orders
received.

39,831
42,450
46,977
51,181
33,172

53,428
57,789
70,626
74,293
48,419

47,754
49,527
55,769
65,230
44,888

Orders
received.
Pieces
per
kiln.

Number.

1913 mo. av
1914 mo. av
1915 mo. av
1916 mo. av
1917 mo. av

SANITARY
POTITERY2

31,555
34,655
29,367
40,887
22,201

19,495
34,608
51,441
41,510

60,530
42,175
20,951
75,324

21,514
69,872
36,774
40,911

32,697
45,768
51,438
58,169

132,369
139,751
43,302
109,318

34,322
73,612
53,438
56,565

33,097
54,584
60,231
66,458

145,329
125,814
66,333
111,764

35,089
88,018
57,502
64,577

23,405
28,383
31,062
33,640

77,034
79,869
47,410
89,394

25,427
41,900
27,691
31,803

430
145
183

1920.
January
February
March
April

46,312
48,032
58,674
39,101

13,784
15,431
14,027
26,132

80,057
45,547
51,488
40,930

40,779
39,406
56,818
40,896

39,783
53,798
46,682
55,891

95,699
66,770
78,870
48,358

50,596
46,915
62,240
43,401

92,795
67,454
65,611
81,096

94,760
81,959
88,285
53,892

25,957
25,054
28,915
28,153

45,890
57,011
59,026
53,638

45,228
35,671
42,961
29,559

420
125
225
160

May....
June
July....
August.

51,528
54,817
55,455
56,838

24,222
21,986
12,363
12,973

26,357
40,164
81,146
35,670

40,314
50,739
63,118
59,331

59,506
51,808
37,186
32,135

53,193
49,234
48,413
53,104

50,210
56,604
77,840
74,671

87,058
85,389
64,873
49,104

66,816
51,657
55,627
70,202

29,604
33,956
33,166
31,483

51,431
43,150
48,776
45,594

25,376
30,116
24,805
28,366

105
70
108
190

September..
October..;.
November..
December..

61,617
62,683
54,008
28,230

12,324
14,024
25,929
58,221

24,950
21,298
15,558
8,119

53,708
54,934
59,994
57,221

30,262
29,985
37,291
45,291

43,196
60,849
24,009
19,560

60,097
65,728
74,030
60,444

47,643
42,733
48,787
63,453

38,357
39,209
27,049
22,208

36,114
39,948
31,125
29,272

40,463
32,835
40,671
50,440

20,655
23,824
14,685
11,045

165
90
50
30

1921.
January
February
March
April

22,444
24,499
27,157
34,573

90,303
118,205
127,128
114,391

16,340
21,302
29,460
32,625

46,811
62,097
59,263
59,140

69,052
82,501
117,204
117,750

47,84«
48,022
53,481
49,060

40,979
52,181
69,623
67,141

80,752
97,924
107,730
106,862

47,243
44,442
59,456
61,120

29,494
27,738
36,737
37,020

65,831
22,553
80,533 | 21,757
94,389 j 32,810
96,524 j 29,571

70
90
139
137

May....
June
July....
August.

35,011
40,933
49,314
56,515

99,525
85,062
64,969
49,009

35,717
43,973
47,187
61,861

52,323
56,278
56,733
61,667

117,422
121,969
132,453
128,354

46,686
54,428
61,378
63,882

67,487
66,924
65,861
73,047

105,916
110,776
118,638
129,570

63,250
68,858
60,449
71,191

29,341
32,674
33,155
35,616

91,737
93,365
95,792
105,781

28,661
35,084
29,505
36,788

137
140
189
179

September..
October
November..
December..

54,377
63,217
51,259
38,818

31,474
30,010
40,667
53,140

57,024
62,279
41,173
41,993

66,328
77,293
54,924
45,176

118,272
94,091
100,912
111,834

67,381
81,978
51,677
49,961

73,101
92,820
70,899
57,430

127,822
107,332
114,830
133,014

77,359
97,104
62,228
62,222

37,268
43,792
33,330
27,518

94,134
82,017
80,980
91,643

38,359
45,137
31,537
29,879

227
288
232
367

1922.
January
February
March
April

48,425
52,575
65,243

53,422
56,759
70,587

58,420
49,134
63,815

63,047
70,654
91,039

102,190
101,566
126,228

80,124
68,414
95,891

73,877
73,660
90,764

129,586
129,505
152,980

84,791
71,434
95,137

38,831
35,446
44,912

83,242
80,742
86,334

54,545
35,240
48,062

535
222
225

1918 mo. av..
1919 mo. av..
1920 mo. av..
1921 mo. av..

May..
June..
1
Data furnished by the Enameled Sanitary Ware Manufacturers' 'Association and said to represent approximately 98 per cent of the total output in the United StatesThe Association explains that orders shipped are the best current index of the industry. Orders received are likely to pyramid during periods of great activity to be followed by cancellations if the demand drops off. Stocks always increase during the winter and spring months because more efficient work at the enameling ovens can be
done in cold weather and manufacturers operate at maximum capacity as long as they can finance operations and find storage capacity for the products.
* Data furnished by Sanitary Potters' Association and include the following articles, with percentages of total orders in 1920: Siphon jets 6.5 per cent, washdowns 54 per
cent, reverse traps 4.3 per cent, small tanks 27.7 per cent, large tanks 5.2 per cent, and lavatories (not reported prior to July, 1920) 2.3 per cent.

100797°—22




6

82

CEMENT AND ABRASIVES.
Table 43.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
ABRASIVE
PAPER AND
CLOTH.3

PORTLAND CEMENT.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Wholesale price,
net,
Stocks
Domestic Foreign
Shipments. at end of without
sales.
sales.
period.' bags,
Chicago
district
Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1919.

Production.

Shipments.

100
96
93
99
101

100
97
98

1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

77
87

Wholesale price,
net,
without Domestic
sales.
bags,
Chicago
district.
Per barrel.

B.-NUMERICAL

Foreign
sales.

Reams.

DATA.

7,675
7,353
7,160
7,627
7,735

7,391
7,203
7,241
7,879
7,559

11,220
12,773
11,463
8,361
10,354

$1.0018
.892
.946

5,923
6,691
8,335
8,191

5,910
7,124
8,026
7,921

10,454
5,257
8,941
10,160

1.665
L.663
L.802
1.537

68,150
73,969
45,948

9,171
11,476
4,280

110
84
116
104

L.650
L.650
L.650
L.650

90,426
74,653
103,806
76,931

10,056
7,674
10,634
9,537

188

147
132
120
116

111
131
169
140

L.741
L.800
L.800
L.887

100,167
89,731
81,499
78,908

10,183
11,972
15,486
12,860

195
195
195
195

104
S5
55
37

155
179
115
88

1.950
1.950
1.950
1.950

70,887
58,084
37,190
25,341

14,246
16,458
10,544
8,061

4,387
3,138
3,393
5,958

107
102

1OO
114
102
75
92

1OO
89
94
118
153

80
96
109
107

93
47
80
91

166
166
180
153

1OO
109
67

1OO
125
47

165
165
165
165

133
110
152
113

May

174

June
July
August

180
180

September
October
November

109
107

1920.
January
February
March
April

:::::::::::
•

1921.
January
February
March.
April

L.187
L.532

53
57
88
113

May

June
July
August

Stocks
at end of
period.'

Thousands of barrels.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.

ABRASIVE PAPER
AND CLOTH.3

PORTLAND CEMENT.

. . . ..

September
October
November
December
1922.
January
February
March
April

34
45
84
107

92
102
107
112

193
171
170
170

39
48
61
70

48
34
37
65

4,098
4,379
6,763
8,651

2,539
3,331
6,221
7,919

10,300
11,400
12,000
12,600

1.930
1.717
1.700
1.700

26,436
32,764
41,404
47,538

121
121
125
133

128
143
139
167

111
99
93
74

170
170
170
170

68
71
62
76

43
35
45
42

9,281
9,296
9,568
10,244

9,488
10,577
10,301
12,340

12,450
11,150
10,414
8,280

1.700
1.700
1.700
1.700

46,544
48,671
41,969 !
51,595

131
137
116
85

152
164
70
50

62
48
81
106

159
148
148
148

81
88
80
66

50
44
64
53

10,027
10,506
8,921
6,559

11,329
12,114
5,195
3,697

6,953
5,348
9,091
11,938

1.593
1.50
1.50
1.50

54,929
59,904
54,430
45,195

4,540
4,019
5,858
4,896

56
56
87

40
44
95

119
126
123

148
148
148

84
87
110

60
60
82

4,291
4,278
6,685

2,931
3,285
7,002

13,316
14,142
13,824

1.50
1.50
1.50

57,129
59,418
74,631

5,521
5,461
7,506

3 063
3,192
4.142
3,879

May
1
Data on cement is from the U. S. Department oUhe Interior, Geological Survey; except prices, which are average of weekly prices reported by the U. S. Department
of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; data on abrasives compiled by the Abrasive Paper and Cloth Manufacturers' Exchange.
2
Yearlyfiguresrepresent stocks at end of year, not an average of monthly stocks, except for 1921.
3
Data compiled by the Abrasive Paper and Cloth Manufacturers' Exchange estimated to represent 90 per cent of the industry. The totals given include the sales of
garnet, emery, flint, and artificial (silicon, carbide, and aluminous oxide) paper, cloth, and combinations. Figures are stated in equivalent reams, 9 by 11 inches in sire.
The data submitted show that in 1919 the total domestic sales were made up of the following approximate percentages: Garnet 39, emery 8, flint 32, and artificial 20 per cent.




83

CONSTRUCTION COSTS AND PAPER BOARD.
Table 44.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

COST INDEXES.

Factory

YEAR AND MONTH.

building
costs. 2

Construction
costs.3

Hotel

Loft
costs.<

Relative
to 1914.

Subdivided
office
building
costs. 4

CONSTRUCTION
VOLUMES

WHOLESALE !
PRICE.

PRODUCTION
OF PAPER
BOARDJ

Structural
steel
Corrubeams, ! gated.
etc.,
Pittsburgh.

Relative to 1913.

Solid
fiber.

Relative to 1919.

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average...
average...
average...
average...

100

179

100
93
98
137
189
203
208
239
202

100
93
105
134
154

100
90
101
132
155

100
91
100
131
150

157
164
209
177

156
6 165
215
180

152
6 160
207
174

6

1OO

91
88
91 I

PRICE.
Structural
steel
beams,
etc.,
Pittsburgh.
Per
pound.

PRODUCTION
OF PAPER
BOARD. 7

Corrugated.

Solid
fiber.

Thousands of
square feet.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A . - I N D E X NUMBERS.
1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..

WHOLESALE

100
83
93
177
269
202
174
187
131

$0,016
.013
.015
.028
.043

104

!

104

65

i

89

.032
.028
.028
.021

8 100

i 8 100

106,834 | 8 50,858
111,168 !
53,045
69,497
45,313

1920.
January
February
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.

190

207
226
241
265

201

208

200

162
162
162
214

112
103
129
104

124
106
142
106

.025
.025
.025
.032

119,845
110,529
138,033
110,689

63,288
53,897
72,121
53,842

106
115
115
128

126
126
126
129

.032
.032
.031
.028

112,988
123,337
122,738
136,282

64,051
64,051
64,252
65,554

214

221

214

214
214
205
184

255
255
255
252

265

269
274
266
252

213
213
209
205

220
217
212
210

213
209
207
202

184
184
184
180

114
116
70

116
95
37
18

.028
.028
.028
.027

121,705
124,460
75,002
38,403

58,777
48,554
18,773
9,374

47
53
75

.025
.025
.023
.022

32,273
44,430
52,765
57,670

24,129
27,171
38,281
47,391

.022
.022
.021
.019

57,916
59,211
62,896
75,003

45,071
49,720
45,078
53,911

September
October
November
December
1921.
January
February
March
April

241
220
197
186

231
231
224
213

197
190
188
183

204
195
192
187

197
190
187
180

41

162
162
152
147

30
42
49
54

May....
June
July....
August.

176
172
167
161

211
210
204
193

181
178
172
168

184
182
176
171

179
176
170
166

90
117
90
94

146
146
139
123

54
55
59
70

106

September
October
November
December
,
1922.
January
February
,
March
,
April

160
157
154
153

188
183
166
169

165
165
165
163

166
166
166
165

162
162
162
159

114
109
101
118

123
116
106

78
106
100

94
125
117

.019
.018
.017
.015

83,548
113,574
106.983
87,692

47,361
63,719
59,510
42,146

152
152
152
152

169
162
165

162
160
160

164
160
160

158
155
155

91
100
202

99
96

75
86
100

90
100
116

.015
.015
.014

80,567
91,719
106,681

45,847
50,606
58,833

May..
June..
1
Except price of steel beams, from the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, representing average of weekly prices for the month and placed here for
convenience.
a This index number, furnished through the courtesy of the Aberthaw Construction Co., is designed to show the relative changes in the cost of constructing a standard
concrete factory building. The company believes that the year 1914 gives a normal base and that July, 1920, represented the peak of building costs.
* The construction cost index, computed by the Engineering News Record, is based upon the costs of steel (structural shapes, Pittsburgh base), cement (f. o. b. Chicago,
exclusive of bags), lumber (southern pine, New York base), and the rates paid common labor in the steel industry. The prices are weighted on the basis of the total production4of steel, cement, and lumber, and the total supply of common labor.
Compiled by the George A. FuUer Company, reflecting wages and material costs in New York City, originally on a 1909 relative base and converted to a 1913 base. These
costs are based on buildings actually constructed by this company, as follows: Hotel building, built in 1913-14, high-grade, containing 11,500,000 cubic feet; loft office building,
built in 1909, containing 3,647,000 cubic feet; subdivided office building, built in 1909, containing 8,070,000 cubic feet.
* Compiled by the Engineering News-Record, on the basis of contracts let as reported by this publication and its construction cost index number, based on 1913 costs,
e Two-month average, May and October, 1919.
7 Reported by The Container Club and representing about 50 per cent of the paper box industry. Usually 16 firms rtport, with a minfaniiTn of 14 firms in part of 1919,
and a maximum of 18 firms in March, 1922.
e Average of last six months of year.




84
CHEMICALS—FOREIGN TRADE.
Table 45.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
IMPORTS.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Potash.*

IMPORTS.

EXPORTS.

Nitrate Sulphu- Dyes and
of soda, ricacld. dyestufls.

Total
fertilizer.3

Relative to 5-year average 1909-1913.

EXPORTS.

Nitrate j Sulphuric Dyes and
Potash.* of soda, i acid.
dyestuffs.

Long tons.

(

L
Pounds. ! Dollars.. I Lon;g t o n s .

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1OO
179
1,055

1OO
155
723
2,291
4,639

100
83
30
32
28

31,124
18,247
6,304
772
831

43,177
45,143
64,349
101,535
128,601

613,692
1,098,015
6,476,002
5,538,625
5,293,426

$28,937

30
4
4

1OO
105
149
235
298

209,255
662,832
1,342,280

30,647
32,747
28,627

4
16
70
41

356
79
255
71

1,090
289
394
174

4,843
4,920
9,339
1,976

18
53
114
72

762
3,357
14,880
8,739

153,766
33,955
110,160
30,767

6,691,220
1,774,627
2,415,922
1,067,934

1,401,492
1,423,703
2,702,388
571,658

18,713
54,509
117,994
74,620

Ill
89
113
135

132
293
352
237

402
1,113

5,008
8,507
12,564
10,188

115
101
121
99

23,489
18,745
23,768
28,430

57,207
126,437
152,003
102,411

1,768,749
2,025,311
2,469,734
6,829,448

1,449,153
2,461,797
3,635,518
2,948,064

118,507
104,433
124,691
101,918

May....
June
July....
August.

44
64
26
50

365
333
20
320

432
400
301
277

11,673
13,309
10,430
7,295

141
109
145
145

9,192
13,581
5,438
10,509

157,709
143,896
85,684
138,080

2,655,432
2,453,556
1,844,985
1,698,168

3,377,885
3,851,180
3,018,188
2,111,095

146,017
112,832
150,275
150,111

September..
October
November..
December..

70
79
32
34

259
197
205
168

259
267
328
327

10,780
8,123
7,985
6,975

116
99
74
102

14,861
16,647
6,843
7,189

111,779
84,844
88,519
72,403

1,589,383
1,639,590
2,012,627
2,004,085

3,119,295
2,350,448
2,310,751
2,018,453

119,614
102,697
76,986
105,716

1921.
January
February
March
April

20
35
40
19

186
68
107
69

310
372
110
219

4,615
1,895
2,480
1,286

103
74
62
64

4,231
7,300
8,496
4,001

80,305
29,532
46,201
29,810

1,903,970
2,285,806
673,314
1,345,096

1,335,531
548,420
717,693
372,033

106,153
76,292
64,408
65,829

May....
June
July....
August.

14
24
16
41

87
88
48
77

128
133
90
177

1,370
2,091
1,535
2,110

53
73
63
52

3,007
5,153
3,378
8,757

37,778
37,847
20,791
33,045

787,647
817,159
553,587
1,083,892

396,524
605,096
444,283
610,666

54,518
75,391
65,399
53,676

September..
October....
November..
December..

66
74
65
81

46
31
36
12

101
225
115
107

1,564
1,665
1,731
1,362

102
61
98
62

14,023
15,735
13,731
17,060

19,646
13,250
15,629
5,365

620,961
1,379,564
705,218
658,995

452,574
481,927
500,918
394,230

105,358
63,259
101,497
63,663

104

22
44
54

119
102
163

2,271
1,167
1,722

65
50
64

17,591
20,793
21,925

9,470
19,160
23,452

728,337
625,631
1,003,128

657,042
337,826
498,274

67,011
51,656
66,566

1909-1913 monthly av.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.
1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly average.
monthly average. I
monthly average, j
monthly average.

1920.
January
February
March
April

1922.
January
,
February
,
March
April

100

44,749

May..
June.




1
Data compiled by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
* Includes potash imported as chemicals and also the muriate and sulphate used in fertilizers.
3
Largely phosphate rock.

103,391
j

85,639

85

CHEMICALS—PRODUCTION

AND PRICES.

Table 46.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government and non- Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
CONPRODUCTION.i ! S U M P - STOCKS
0)
TION.i

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Acetate Wood | Wood,
of
alcohol. ! carbon- Wood.
i ized.
lime.

WHOLESALE PRICES.

Drugs
Essenand
tial
Pharmaoils.*
ceuti3
cals.

Crude
drugs. 5

Relative to August, 1914.

Relative to 1920.

i PRODUCTION.^

Sulphuric
acid
66°
New
York.?

Acetate
ol
lime.

Wood
alcohol.

Relative tol9 13.

Thousands of
pounds.

Gallons.

Chemicals.c

av..
av..
av..
av..

100

Wood.

Cords.

Sulphuric
acid66 c
New
York.
Dollars
per
pound.

212

av..
av..
av..
av..
av..

1918 mo.
1919 mo.
1920 mo.
1921 mo.

Wood,
carbonized.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 mo.
1914 mo.
1915 mo.
1916 mo.
1917 mo.

WHOLECONSUMP- STOCKS SALE
PRICE.
TIONS

* 100

* 100

100
100
129
200
169

$0,010
.010
.013
.020
.017

75,003 846,204
714,302
30,859

.016
.010
.011
.009

* 100

213
265
158

185
202
134

279
242
255
152

163
95
112
91

1OO
45

100
41

100

40

84

201
196
129

1920.
January...
February..
March
April

105
101
108
107

108
100
109
105

107
105
106

107
126
102
115

205
207
206
207

261
268
274
279

212
220
219
213

242
252
252
261

110
110
118
120

12,572
12,114
12,883
12,759

671,484
625,334
678,547
654,175

79,945
902,443
73,501 1,063,526
78,848
867,120
79,682
970,110

.011
.011
.012
.012

May
June
July
August

93
106
110
114

99
106
111

99
101
120

104
97
98
102

207
206
198
197

279
287
280
267

213
211
207
205

279
274
274
264

120
120
114
109

11,172
12,684
13,217
13,610

616,158
617,510
658,782
693,070

71,^91
74,424
75,871
89,839

877,620
819,846
825,849
861,653

.012
.012
.011
.011

September.
October....
November.
December.

100
92

101
91
92
79

104
93
91
80

253
142
226
210

198
184
174
162

267
263
240

79

195
187
173
160

110
110
108
93

12,974
11,040
10,565
8,085

631,610
564,228
570,899
489,161

78,267
69,726
68,019
60,017

742,903
744,839
808,952
669,592

.011
.011
.011
.009

72
66
65
37

71
60
58
34

79
74
80
84

155
149
141
135

200
189
178
168

153
145
141
138

181
166
157
140

92
98
100
95

6,501
6,204
5,604
3,290

449,906
409,016
403,838
228,254

53,440
44,627
43,445
25,706

669,010
622,041
676,765
709,043

.009
.010
.010
.010

32

90

24

30
28
21
23

129
126
125
123

165
159
151
142

136
135
130
126

143
147
148
158

90
90
90
90

3,489
3,616
2,647
2,987

201,579
188,395
151,627
147,683

22,521
20,655
15,872
16,885

762,013
742,857
702,445
697,566

.009
.009
.009
.009

721,696
714,027
865,258

.009
.009
.009
.009

100

11,973 622,580
4,807
280,337

1921.
January...
February..
March
April

54
52
47
27

May....
June
July....
August.

29
30
22
25

September..
October
November..
December..

31
40
54
71

30
37
53
70

27
35
47
60

81
85
84
102

119
117
116
118

138
138
135
137

123
126
127
132

147
151
147
145

90
85
85
85

3,696
4,780
6,414
8,453

184,784
232,740
332,108
434,113

20,414
26,031
35,393
45,320

71

73
70
94

64
63
86

104
111
117

117
115
116

136
136
135

134
139
155

144
148
156

80
80
80

8,494
7,942
11,134

452,700
433,024
587,928

48,064
47,097
64,563

1922.
January...
February..
March
April . . . . .

66

30
24

877,046
942,660

.008
.008
.008

May..
June.
1
Compiled from reports of the National Wood Chemical A ssociation to which are added reports from the principal nonmember firms. Total reports for each month vary
from firms with a capacity of 3,200 cords to 4,500 cords daily; all months are therefore prorated to a daily capacity of 4,500 cords, representing about 90 per cent of the industry, on the basis of capacity reporting each month.
a August, 1914.
* Compiled from weekly wholesale quotations of 35 drugs and pharmaceutical chemicals by the Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter.
* Compiled from weekly wholesale quotations of 20 essential oils by the Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter.
6
Compiled from weekly wholesale quotations of 40 crude botanical drugs by the Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter.
6
The chemical price index from Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering includes quotations on 25 commodities selected on the basis of their importance as representing
both qualitatively and quantitatively the principal branches of the chemical industry. These prices are weighted on the basis of total production plus total imports in the
y«ar 1919. Thefiguresare averages of weekly prices.
i Wholesale average monthly price of sulphuric acid from United State* Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.




86
FLAXSEED AND COTTONSEED.
Table 47.—(A) INDEX 1TCJMBEBS AND (B) NTJMEEICAI DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold- faced type.]

Receipts.

Shipments.

COTT'O'V
SEED.

DULUTH

MINNEAPOLIS.
Y E A S AND
MONTH.

Stocks.

1

FLAXSEED.

FLAXSEED.

Stocks
ReShipend of
ceipts.2 ments.2 Stocks.s month.

MINNEAPOLIS.
Receipts.*

Shipments. 2

Relative
to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

! COTTONSEED.

DULUTH.

Stocks.s

Receipts.2

Shipments. 2

Stocks.s

Thousands of bushels.

Stocks
end of
month.
Short tons.

B.—NUMERIC A Is DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
i

1913 m. av
1914 m. av
1915 m av
1916 m av
1917 m. av.
1918 m. av.
1919 m. av.
1920 m. av.
1921m. av.
1920.
January...
February..
March
April
May
June. .
July
August
September.
October...
November.
December.
1921.
January...
February..
March
April
May .
June
July . .
August
September.
October...
November.
December.
1922.
January...
February..
March
April

2,751 1
2,060

1OO

1OO

1OO

943

156

233

1,036

1,099

30

98

44

49

75

647

47

228

457

538

54

50

39

47

35

34

512

78

90

487

382

948

79

62

56

58

56

49

741

97

130

596

613

1 360

53

63

83

33

34

31

129

502

98

194

341

377

846

100
69

100

100

56

53

22

33

31

8

96

524

83

52

346

338

208

61

67

26

18

16

4

100

575

105

60

182

175

119

59

33

97

40

25

28

58

552

51

226

412

278

758

.50

73

416

35

41

46

71

469

114

970

362

454

1,253

36

12

9

8

6

3

93

340

19

21

88

63

13

10

10

5

1

69

362

20

24

102

51

28

45

22

10

9

6

4

42

428

35

24

90

65

123

17

24

12

11

1

1

20

164

38

29

111

11

489,442
512,448
296,219
362,947

71

38

661,192 |

29

477,478
354,120
215.872
104,334

33

12

9

6

11

17

9

308

19

22

59

124

462

55

43

11

60

14

25

7

521

67

25

621

153

685 i

59

20

21

76

49

28

6

552

31

49

792

535

776

31

17

48

35

36

41

7

297

27

112

365

399

1,127

47,077
36,044
30.084
36,760

1,656
1,221
1,460
1,460

138,418
488,958
587,996
593,507

1,557
1,639
1,635
1,630

484,832
416,520
299,976
191,526
139,471
109,309
94,543
124,377

69

53

64

51

18

60

27

653

82

150

524

199

157

135

225

96

39

44

95

1,478

211

525

997

424

86

38

296

57

87

53

114

808

59

689

589

76

10

445

59

32

53

116

713

16

1,038

611

960
347

29

18

507

17

5

57

95

278

28

55

23

509

10

3

60

81

269

36

106

32

46

44

476

5

5

59

59

430

68

1,182
1,185
1,110

172

29

50

56

44

61

418

14

16

59

37

416

95

975

141

177

63

47

426

41

66

52

27

598

73

993

422

730

55

51

457

45

46

48

21

519

79

471

501

1,419
1,319

35

74

494

55

85

33

18

333

116

567

935

921

37

129

461

28

23

32

24

353

201

1 065
1,150
1,074

286

248

881

309

978

863

654

948
504

227

151
65
127

4

59

126

398

39

28

36

74

559

197

928

122

108

364

54

79

24

143

1,148

169

848

41

135

315

76

86

20

149

389

211

36

59

170

37

54

8

121

335

92

733
395

399
559
783
385

32

103

73

11

14

5

82

302

161

22

77

58

6

6

5

50

204

120

170
136

116
M

27

55

38

12

12

3

21

257

86

88

120

545

151
131
84

May
June
i Except cotton seed stocks at mill? from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Data on flaxseed from the Northwestern Miller.
i Monthly figures are totals of weekly figures with first and last weeks of month prorated.
»Stocks at end of week nearest the end of the month.




381,342
732,570
762,726
618,173

418,349
256,872
107,058

87
VEGETABLE OILS.
Table 48.—(A)-INDEX NUMBERS AND (B)-NTJMEEICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources,1
[ Base years in bold-faced type.]

VEGETABLE OLEOMAROILS.
! GARINE.

LIN- U N SEED SEED
OIL
OIL. CAKE.

COTTONSEED
OIL, CRUDE.

VEGETABLE
OILS.

OLEOMARGARINE.

Shipments Stocks Profrom
end of ducMinneapolis. month tion.

Ex- Total Pro- Conimports. ports.< duc- sumption. tion^

Shipments
from
Minneapolis.

Stocks
end of
month.

Total
Eximports.4
ports.2

Production.

Relative to 1913. Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

LIN- LINSEED SEED
OIL
OIL. CAKE.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

COTTONSEED OIL,
CRUDE.

Production.

Consumption.^

Thousands of pounds.
15,210 30,166
11,868 20,684
9,862 17,188
10,662 18,706

100 3 1 0 0 3 1 0 0
61
3 124
399
109
396
3 100
58
3 141
3 105

100
99
99
105

41
36
61
58
76

3 172
3 305
3 316
3 334
3 133

241
254
254
147

161
227
245
253
148

11,158
9,271
10,026
7,856
8,157

18,428
15,998
18,473
12,069
15,068

66,753
71,007
59,967
76,190
94,779

71,158
65,423
65,399
65,536
107,920

11,788
10,437
17,599
16,863
21,964

287
186
148
77

63
74
80
75

235
313
338
433

305
270
311
263

292
287
308
286

7,846
7,168
6,617
6,364

13,974
10,881
11,908
8,094

192,755
181,330
143,678
110,324

187, 877
121, 560
97,069
50,337

18,286
21,482
23,235
21,717

50,286
66,867
72,200
92,621

36,852
32,661
37,587
31,806

34,643
34,000
36,548
33,947

133
75
38
23

41
17
7

49
45
16
11

236
238
258
196

296
204
203
219

272
188
203
237

9,504
9,996
8,166

9,465
12,754
15,608
17,670

79,517
44,928
22,619
13,757

26,789
11,077
4,400
5,010

14,256
13,100
4,633
3,171

50,550
50,859
55,270
41,959

35,874
24,721
24,559
26,535

32,295
22,310
24,046
28,141

37

55
177
277
261

65
291
349
270

20
30
85
150

178
137
83
95

259
259
252
213

251
238
271
201

7,059
9,359
7,411
5,853

10,839
11,932
10,397
11,302

33,221
105,851
166,231
156,801

42,832
190,262
228,073
176,323

5,773
8,671
24,632
43,446

38,010
29,196
17,808
20,269

31,384
31,296
30,457
25,751

29,819
28,249
32,099
23,869

34
40
61
61

64
65
59
41

278
281
277
193

263
247
229
122

245
139
127
74

99
161
52
213

195
178
194
161

191
171
180
175

5,152
6,125
9,354
9,306

19,345
19,483
17,747
12,446

166,710
168,254
166,078
115,831

171,887
161,809
149,526
79,573

71,291
40,305
36,811
21,489

21,251
34,479
11,162
45,605

23,566
21,589
23,481
19,507

22,688
20,297
21,361
20,814

May....
June
July....
August.

55
67
61
64

37
52
66

117
80
34
28

68
47
40
45

68
51
27
21

65
61
78
70

116
74
91
141

104
64
94
150

8,357
10,260
9,220
9,700

10,869
11,190
15,541
19,799

70,199
47,851
20,113
16,693

44,297
30,411
26,228
29,630

19,613
17,747
7,922
6,054

13,967
13,012
16,774
15,065

14,055
8,900
11,005
17,112

12,317
7,614
11,120
17,803

September.
October
November..
December..

55
57
49
39

27
42
52

84
172
187
167

153
285
265
202

28
37
37
43

211
127
225
149

136
176
154
152

149
181
148
164

8,316
8,694
7,441
5,955

8,060
12,804
15,594
17,932

50,576
102,957
111,916
100,167

99,803
186,444
173,574
131,961

8,239
10,744
10,822
12,529

45,177
27,117
48,135
31,785

16,497
21,280
18,678
18,410

17,723
21,497
17,565
19,411

1922.
January
February
March
April

42
44
48

52
51
31

164
117
100

154
140
110

42

229
234
380

134
147

142
103
129

6,457
6,647

15,745
15,356
9,283

98,295
69,952
60,089

100,706
91,321
72,237

12,114
9,825
10,459

49,060
50,008
81,270

16,167
17,780

16,887
12,195
15,262

1913 monthly a v . .
1914 monthly a v . .
1915 monthly a v . .
1916 monthly a v . .

100
78
65
70

100
69
57
62

1917 monthly a v . .
1918 monthly a v . .
1919 monthly a v . .
1920 monthly a v . .
1921 monthly a v . .

73
61
66
52
54

61
53
61
40
50

111
118
100
127
153

109
100
100
100
165

1920.
January
February...
March
April

52
47
44
42

36
39
27

321
302
240
184

May....
June
July....
August.

54
59

31
42
52
59

September..
October
November..
December..

46
62
49
38

36

1921.
January
February...
March
April

40
34

34
36

7,232

29,043
17,758
31,641
16,977

321,387 312,102 11,861
3 26,441 3 12,002 11,798
| 3 20,636 312,151 11,787
j 3 30,133 312,709 12,404
!
I 3 36,850 23,937 19,044
j 3 65,295 29,217 26,877
3
30,733 29,081
67,495
3 71,390 , 30,790 30,014
I 3 28,499 17,840 17,517

May..
June.

ii
1

Except shipments of linseed oil and cake and meal from Minneapolis Chamber of Commerce. The sources of the other data are: Imports and exports of vegetable oils,
from the IT, 8. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; Cottonseed and cottonseed oil data from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of
the Census; and Oleomargarine production and consumption from the U.S. Treasury Department, Bureau of Internal Revenue.
» Includes cottonseed, corn, and linseed oils.
3 These figures are for fiscal years beginning July 1.
4
The following oils are included: Chinese nut, cocoa butter, coconut, cottonseed, olive (inedible), olive (edible), palm, palm kernel, peanut, rapeseed, soya bean. Where
certain of these are reported in gallons, they have been converted into pounds, allowing 1\ pounds per gallon.
5
Colored and uncolored, as represented by tax-paid withdrawal.




88
CEREAL EXPORTS.
Table 49.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
E X P O R T S OF GRAIN (including flour a n d m e a l a s grains).

YEAR AND MONTH.

Barley
and
barley
flour.

Corn
and
corn
meal.

Oats
and
oat*
meal.

Rye
and
rye
flour.

Wheat
and
wheat
flour.

Total
grains.

Barley
and
barley
flour.s

Corn
and
corn
meal. 3

Oats
and
oatmeal.<

Rye
and
rye
flour.5

Relative to 1913.

Total
grains.

Thousands of bushels.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

Wheat
and
wheat
flour.e

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

298
291
310

123
736
854
792

102
193
153
118

100
67
191
168
149

1,461
554
2,211
1,874
1,488

4,223
874
4,185
4,603
4,751

3,018
223
8,993
8,791
9,370

189
1,138
1,320
1,224

11,907
12,133
23,034
18,230
14,070

20,764
13,973
39,560
34,817
30,903

93
31
42

358
184
45
22

879
2,183
3,195
1,622

146
187
215
245

171
173
169
214

1,897
3,369
1,488
2,153

3,922
1,325
1,769
10,974

10,815
5,551
1,355
667

1,359
3,375
4,938
2,514

17,413
22,259
25,635
29,205

35,406
35,878
35,185
44,516

87
65
99
61

55
46
48
32

72
52
110
48

722
1,380
3,006
3,284

103
89
142
115

92
83
136
108

1,264
954
1,444
887

2,321
1,925
2,013
1,335

2,166
1,577
3,322
1,462

1,116
2,133
4,647
5,076

12,271
10,581
16,881
13,722

19,139
17,171
28,306
22,482

May....
June
July....
August.

43
38
69
163

23
27
31
31

56
22
16
24

6,651
4, ISO
5,105
3,657

217
183
291
273

190
147
218
205

635
557
1,013
2,377

971
1,144
1,294
1,293

1,684
656
495
719

10,280
6,383
7,891
5,652

25,885
21,754
34,655
32,550

39,454
30,493
45,347
42,591

September..
October....
November..
December..

141
172
111
172

28
48
51
86

32
25
38

1,715
1,900
3,141
3,645

293
361
260
253

201
247
196
207

2,066
2,515
1,623
2,520

1,185
2,046
2,167
3,626

968
769
1,141
1,016

2,650
2,937
4,855
5,634

34,894
43,033
30,179

41,763
51,300
40,775
42,975

1921.
January..
February.
March....
April.....

205
91
107
43

136
203
324
250

19
14
16

3,546
2,482
1,142
1,376

228
194
174
208

204
180
125
186

2,991
1,324
1,567
631

5,753
8,561
13,681
10,558

963
567
408
487

5; 480
3,836
1,765
2,127

27,105
23,075
20,763
24,791

42,293
37,364
25,872
38,595

May....
June
July....
August.

31
94
144
315

206
281
361
331

21
11
17
56

1,329
1,585
604
2,070

266
225
257
562

209
208
238
435

458
1,372
2,108
4,602

8,694
11,858
15,234
13,976

619
340
504
1,677

2,055
2,456
936
3,105

31,624
26,781
30,579
66,963

43,450
43,158
49,361
90,323

September.,
October....
November..
December..

367
143
172
57

448
224
106
248

22
28
11
19

2,400
1,291
446
1,286

327
213
163
126

326
191
132
139

5,357
2,082
2,511
830

18,937
9,470
4,475
10,488

678
844
343
573

3,720
2,001
691
1,993

38,950
25,366
19,453
15,014

67,642
39,763
27,473

29
32
57

460
527
543

17
14
92

745
780
615

126
92
121

176
170
202

421
465

19,437
22,254
22,936

511
436
2,770

1,154
1,209
954

14,985
10,991
14,371

36,508
35,355
41,867

1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly average
1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly average.
monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..

1920.
January..,
February.
March....
April

1922.
January...
February..
March

100
38
151
128
102

1OO
21
99
109
112

100
7

130
231
102
147

100

100

155

April.
May..
June.
1

Data from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
* Barley flour converted at 5.5 bushels to the barrel.
Corn meal converted at 4 bushels to the barrel.

8




* Oatmeal converted at 5.21 bushels to 100 pounds.
» Rye flour converted at 6 bushels to the barrel.
• Wheat flour converted at 4.5 bushels to the barrel.

89

MOVEMENT OF CEREALS.
Table 50.—(A) INDEX NTJMBEBS, AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

I!
•i

9S
Y E A R AND MONTH.

Rel. to
1914.

CORN.

WHEAT.

WHEAT FLOUR,'

Rel. to
1913.

Relative
to 1919.

ft
Rel. to
1913.

Relative
to 1919.

WHEAT FLOUR.*

Thousands of barrels.

A . - I N D E X NUMBERS.
1913 monthly av.
1914 monthly av..
1915 monthly av.
1916 monthly av.
1917 monthly av.
1918 monthly av.,
1919 monthly av.
1920 monthly av.:
1921 monthly av.,
1920.
January
February
March
April

100
96
102
101

100
93
61
108
51

96
114
94
104

1921.
January
February
March
,
April

71

105
183
125
64

8,404
51,378
8,857
47,725
15,352
31,220
10,476 21,158
55,640 18,861
5,346 17,447
26,330 21,619 14,198

115

1OO
117
122

103
41
71
255

9,703
141
116

116

165

153

100

100

120

9,338
9,919
9,815

10,233

99
103
102
90

1OO
101
105

100
95
76

73
144
127
134

164
96
91
63

144
149
138
131

185
166
153
139

43
44
48

76
70
53
50

54
73
84
85

143
168
141
70

136
144
124
63

102
81
63

106
76
48
56

58
59
88
126

88
93
161
283

44
52
84
45

75
164
171
61

69
113
132
124

8,249
7,461
8,152
9,059

7,207
7,592
7,251
7,601

9,645
7,653
5,907
6,240

54,621
38,959
24,577
28,896

18,313
18,717
27,621
39,602

17,559
18,572
32,168
56,383

90
147
177
183

136
142
118
100

167
129
122
108

71
129
72
63

135
123
67
121

97
117
92

9,650
9,981
9,889
8,745

8,641
8,441
8,659
9,590

6,350
6,450
6,776
5,300

46,225
75,720
90,759
94,206

42,717
44,584
37,218
31,574

33,317
25,718
24,215
21,511

5,973 20,235 8,538
10,854 18,461 10,328
6,043 10,113 8,169
5,280 18,097 8,631

75
78
91

190
294
420
303

262
175
227
77

196
152
239
154

8,924
7,066
9,100
9,368

6,764
6,825
7,725
7,976

6,400
5,820
6,000
5,900

74,036
66,928
35,654
42,317

28,978
21,209
22,558
23,344

19,190
14,996
15,599
18,162

15,977
24,745
35,277
25,495

39,348
26,196
33,973
11,541

17,375
13,431
21,102
13,637

113
105
129
263

211
326
208
143

142
235
118
196

241
244
216
244

8,406 7,989
8,087 6,248
10,720 7,746
13,266 10,126

5,100
5,400
7,090
8,363

26,875
21,027
35,493
44,117

27,000
30,172
61,994
68,643

22,517
21,001
25,741
52,464

17,708
27,363
17,519
11,993

21,319
35,240
17,658
29,381

21,282
21,576
19,127
21,565

202
144
98

158
266
217

244
230
103

305
239
144
197

13,349 11,654 8,265 87,197 61,406
13,917 10,248 10,425 119,943 41,568
10,166 10,164 9,241 133,702 25,576
8,856 9,365 7,776 135,823 23,975

40,300
28,758
19,455
13,634

13,262
22,328
18,197
27,109

36,561
34,496
15,467
39,723

26,961
21,160
12,770
17,403

347
389
207

332

533
607

106
103
106
118

103
1OO

144
130
69
82

92
73
94
97

52
41
69
86

May....
June
July....
August.

87
83
110
137

77
95
124

September..
October
November..
December..

138
143
105
91

143
126
125
115

88
111

170

82

264

110
97
119

77

100
101

235
210
194

1922.
January
February
March
,
April

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

88
93
89

134

May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November.,
December..

as

•a

51
Thousands of bushels.

100
60

It

It

u
Relative
to 1919.

CORN.

WHEAT.

64

96
197
218
195
132
81
76

109
214

9,317
U,091 8,156 9,433
9,146 8,237 8,943
10,102
7,148

8,655
37,735 32,517 16,335
73,833 31,493 19,919 3,444
5,999
65,353 27,038 23,252
36,369 24,318 21,414

13,005 13,416 13,547
9,559 7,844 14,030
8,632 7,462 13,051
7,374 5,164 12,366

95,047
85,406
78,630
71,190

21,515
13,579
13,790
15,223

15,074
13,844
10,633
10,031

4,531
6,118
7,091
7,170

21,441 12,033
25,124 12,777
21,207 10,965
10,561 5,608

3,710
4,387
7,079
3,749

11,223 6,102
24,621 10,001
25,596 11,717
9,176 10,973

360
270

9,496
9,732
9,828

8,991
7,893
9,720

7,300 120,804 17,458 11,335
7,500 107,791 22,700 11,536
6,000 99,764 20,220 14,135

24,774

13,525

14,995 8,845
17,985 9,653
28,409 18,949

30,383 52,097 29,393
44,767 58,330 31,842
51,040 31,035 23,891

May..
June..
1
Wheat flour production, consumption, and stocks reported by U. S. Grain Corporation, prior to July, 1920, later months from Russell's Commercial News; Visible
supply of wheat and corn from Bradstreet's; Receipts and shipments of wheat and corn, compiled by Chicago Board of Trade, from the Price Current-Grain Reporter.
8
Consumption calculated from production, stocks, imports, and exports. Stocks represent flour in all positions, calculated from actual reports bearing a known relation to total stocks.
8
Aggregate stocks in United States and Canada east of the Rocky Mountains, on nearest Saturday to end of the month.
4
At principal primary markets.




90
FARM PRODUCTS, WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 51.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources*
[ Base-year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
WHEAT
FLOUR.

YEAR AND MONTH.

WHEAT.

No.l,
Standard
Winter north- No. 2,
red
ern
pat- straights,
ents,
Kansas spring, winter,
ChiChiMinne- City.
cago. cago.
apolis

RYE.

BARLEY.

COTTONOATS. CORN. SEED
OIL.

Cash,
conNo. 2, sample, Cash, tract
cash, fair to
Chi- grades
Chigood
cago. malting, cago. No. 2,
ChiChicago.
cago.

CATTLE.

HOGS.

TOBACCO.

SHEEP.

Hurley,
Sum- Steers,
good
mer, good to
leaf,
yellow choice, Heavy, Ewes, Lambs,
corn Chicago. Chicago. Chicago. dark
prime,
red,
fed,
New
LouisYork. Chicago.
ville.

Relative to 1913.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..

1920.
January..,
February..
March
April

132
121
170

100
111
117
132
262

100
91
94
147
212

100
106
102
113
151

100
100
85
115

207
195
202
102

206
186
212
103

257
255
226
93

277
332
212
108

278

239

222

240

247

222

222

232

100
114
147
155
254

100
102
133
137
231

100
121
172
175
294

100
98
113
139
210

100
112

145
159
249

107
146
158
274

262
277
182

268
278
301
1S3

245
281
285
161

224
239
256
146

305
241
294
191

315

338

340

267

295

305

287

253

100
111

100

291

254

274

243

240

253

325

331

281

316

265

267

273

349

354

302

342

276

291

319

309

333

329

294

347

243

296

296

298

323

314

284

351

194

249

248

267

September..
October....
November..
December..

318

312
328

May....
June
July
August.

287

303

282

251

174

186

247

275

304

272

253

306

161

156

210

245

265

237

224

267

148

141

142

198

209

248

139

137

129

215

194

204

251

125

132

121

210

216

204

199

259

120

121

109

200

207

185

195

234

110

115

106

191

208

181

170

227

114

115

104

173

181

160

141

211

102

101

191

May....
June
July....
August.

218

195

198

175

159

231

105

104

99

197

1921.
January...
February..
March
April

203

200

168

146

202

102

100

98

99

98

194

September..
October
November.
December..

179

150

125

192

103

177

167

142

125

168

101
97

182

174

150

130

167

162

164

142

121

156

153

134

119

126

152

137

119

135

153

153

141

121

174

174

153

140

171

176

148

138

193
206
170
103

210
218
170
100

241
200
187
73

222
207
204
128

277
245
259
222

298
271
266
254

187
176
169
164

180
174
173
177

232
279
289
304

251
263
249
260

295
288
280
265

269
233
182
166

148
177
181
180

167
176
178
181

267
157
141
140

238
192
189
171

254
246
246
246

187
152
140
119

179
173
171
142

198
177
145
114

118
111
110
76

172
161
156
149

246
246
246
246

116
97
85
83

116
110
112
103

111
110
113
98

74
79
86
94

140
121
129
132

246
246
246
246

99
104
118
121

95
99
103

98
97
116
116

57
62
66

151
138
133
125

218
208
208
208

104
115
169

102

86

92

139

150

91

1OO
104
119
141
207

100
111

188

1OO
108
127
153
220

75
77
77

136
122
114
115

98
104
101
97

95
95
82
81

67
62
59
81

113
109
112
135

208
208
208
208

77
91
92

118
139'
159

96
102
103

93
118
124

112
130
151

156
182
187

208
208
208

94

88

97

127

93

100

156

101

106

164

103

105

1922.
January..
February.
March....
April
May..
June..




See footnote on opposite page.

91

FARM PRODUCTS, WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 52.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources, l
[Base year in bold-face type; index numbers on opposite page.]

WHEAT
FLOUR.

YEAE AND MONTH.

WHEAT.

RYE.

cago.

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

SO. 913
1.041
1.344
1.417
2.321

83.847

4.125
5.612
6.091
10.551

average..
average... 11.9
average-.. j 12.675
average...
8.338

10.304 jj 2.235
10.695
11.579
7.051

OIL.

j | 2.563
1 2.600
1
j|

1.467

CATTLE.

HOGS.

! Per
pound.

Per bushel.

Per barrel.
average... $ 4 , 5 8 4
average...! 5.096
average...' 6.663
average... I 7.264
average... 11.391

COTTON-

OATS. CORN. SEED

SHEEP.

TOBACCO.

By
Cash, Sum- Steers,
Burley,
sample,
congood
No. 2, fair to Cash, tract, mer, good to
leaf,
cash, good, Chi- grades yellow, choice, Heavy
Ewes, Lambs,
dark
malt- cago. No. 2, prime, corn Chicago. Chicago. Chicago. red,
Chiing,
cago.
fed,
New
ChiLouisChicago. York. Chicago.
ville.
cago.

No. 1,
Stand- Winter north- No. 2,
ard
red
ern
patents, straights, spring, winter,
Minne- Kansas
ChiCity.
Chiapolis.
cago.
I

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
I 1916 monthly
1917 monthly

BARLEY.

.986 §0.636 $0,625
.768
.615
1.005
1.092
.704
1.307
1.113
.867
1.351
1.871
1.315
2.278
2.209
2.357
2.522
1.437

Per 100 pounds.

180.376 8 0 . 6 2 5 SO.O73 8 8 . 5 0 7 ! 8 8 . 3 6 5
.695 I .066 ! 9.039 I 8.361
.419
.730
.068 l
.496
8.702 ; 7.131
.825 '•. .106 9.573
.455
9.615
1.637 ! .154 12.809
.637
15.705

1.940
1.534
1.873
1.214

1.305
1.217
1.263
.635

.775
.700
.796
.387

2.633
2.490
2.500
2.772

1.765
1.568
1.744
2.007

1.493
1.390
1.518
1.656

.855
.833
.901
1.002

84. 687

87. 794

5. 044

8 115

5. 929

9.233

7. 166

10 017

10. 332

16 092

813.202
14.654
13. 789
15.231
22.302

16.424
17.496
14.486
8.764

17.600

11.288

17.325

18.244

9.351

16.125

14.187

8.744

15.904

8.363

3.414

9.994

36.567
32.346
34.182
29.277

1.502 .216
1.450 .196
1.578 | .193
1.706 j .184

15.938

15.094

10.875

19.593

39.000

14.969

14.513

13.063

20.579

38.000

14.400

14.435

13.525

19.400

37.000

13.906

14.806

14.250

20.250

35.000

12.525 j 18.515
7.344 ! 14.969
14.719
6.594
13.300
6.575

1.605
1.597
1.414
.580

.201
.241
.154
.079

1

1920.
January..
February.
March
April

|

; 3.100
2.622
11.743
12.212 ! 2.655
12.493 | 3.025

14.443
13.537
13.165
14.281

12.985

j

May....
June
July....
August.

15.031

13.425

Q OQ1

O O7K

15.031

14.725

12.410

.132

15.381

14.856

12.235

11.643

1.995
1.851
1.548
1.541

.169

13.668

2.895
2.805
2.473

1.095
1.114
.935
.699

13.975

3.006
2.867
2.570

1.725
1.520
1.213
1.085

12.600

12.812

2.173
2.208
2.232
1.963

.195

14.160

.120

15.350

15.130

September.
October
November..
December..

12.593

11.693

14.688

14.775

8.400
8.256

.584
.530
.515
.494

16.543

8.943

1.006
.922
.867
.778

15.250

9.295

1.945
1.695
1.577
1.598

.136

10.205

2.491
2.204
2.057
2.012

1.315

11.206

2.481
2.162
1.810
1.770

1921.
January
February
March
April

9.625
9.181
8.730
7.950

8.295
7.962
7.993
6.980

1.861
1.688
1.650
1.461

1.961
1.919
1.679
1.386

1.647
1.488
1.446
1.339

.750
.688
.714
.635

.454

.681

.084

.430

.665

.070

.432

.649

.062

.378

.578

.059

May....
June
July....
August.

8.745
9.006
8.900
8.120

7.625
7.700
6.895
6.418

1.600
1.531
1.370
1.294

1.568
1.438
1.229
1.237

1.467
1.284
1.222
1.065

.657
.638
.645
.629

.392
.377
.370
.359

.616

.072

.613

.075

.613

.086

.569

.088

September..
October
November.
December..

8.318
7.425
7.170
6.881

6.681
6.305
5.900
5.860

1.365
1.298
1.226
1.254

1.276
1.193
1.176
1.177

1.060
.882
.804
.858

.607
.553
.554
.548

.384
.346
.354
.364

.538

.099

.469

.088

1922.
January..
February.
March
April

7.000
7.975
7.813

5.875
6.700
6.781

1.285

1.196
1.382
1.357

.582
.633
.644

.375

.992
1.021

1.400
1.352

.887 I
.807

.101

.755

.482

.082

.482

.083

.393

.484

.086

.572

.101

.575

.115

14.575

12.120

12.094

.111

9.538

5.544
5.219
5.150
3.563

9.840
9.312
9.563
8.719

i 9.305
I 9.156
I 9.463
I 8.225

3.450
3.688
4.031
4.406

8.425
8.094
8.406
8.775

8.195
8.125
9.725
9.690

8.375
8.875
8.563
8.219

8.150
8.638
8.731




32.500
32.500

13.388

32.500

12.531

32.500

12.150

32.500

11.581

32.500

10.925

32.500

9.438

32.500

10.031

32.500

10.313

32.500

4.125
2.688
2.906
3.075

11.790

28.750

10.781

27.500

7.950
7.945
6.838
6.744

3.156
2.915
2.750
3.781

8.813
8.490
8.719
10.500

7.765
9.900
10.338

5.260
6.094
7.094

12.170

27.500

14.175

27.500

14.563

27.500

May..
June..
1

33.500
32.500

From XJ. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, averages of weekly quotations.

10.388

27.500

9.740

27.500
27.500
27.500
27.500
27.500

92
LIVE-STOCK MOVEMENT.
Table 53.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
CATTLE.

HOGS.

SHEEP.

Shipments.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Total
receipts, STOCKEE
AND
FEEDER.

Shipments.
Shipments.
Total
Total
Total
Total
slaugh- receipts. STOCKER
slaugh- receipts. STOCKER
ter.
ter.
TOTAL.
AND
TOTAL.
AND
TOTAL.

Total ;
slaueh- i
ter. |

FEEDER.

FEEDER.

Relative to 1919.
1917 monthly average..
191S monthly average. -

93
102

1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average...

100
91
80

87
93
1OO
76
66

January...
February.
March
April

92
72
89
76

79
55
55
5S6

May
June—
July
August..

87
92
82
96

67
62
50
64

111
108
118

January...
February.
March.....
April
May
June
July
August.

84
95

97
109

100

100
91
81

92
80

85
101
100
95
92

86
108

100
81

85
101

100

100
90

56

107
103

71
83
100

61
75
100
74
45

67
84
100
86
78

72
81

100
87
101

1990.
85
67
65

43
61

87
77
75
67

40
30
56
98

67
85
123

67
80
95
104

128
134
100
60

138
183
148
45

135
165
124
59

116
93
96
85

120
103
84

79
67
77
74

15
11
15
18

57
48
57
58

104
89
100
94

87
96
77
78

89
98
71
68

85
82
78
110

26
15
24
70

77
65
64
93

96
104
95
127

55
60
44
47

79
102
109
148

67
78
93
84

116
133
89
73

126
88
35

118
138
87
73

114
124
94
76

36

150
111

90

81
62
65

32
29
25

73
54
56

72
74

142
93
107
82

119
113
142
101

142
111
120
96

142
84
101
75

70
62
58
64

52
24
23
46

82
08

87
94
82
91

114
99
76
08

90
58
36
47

117
110
92
80

113
05
69
62

66
72
00
115

111
132
126
63

121
131
130
73

103
92
106
69

64
75
104
112

63
80
72
50

78
80
117
127

57
68
07
106

80
58
76
73

46
38
54
54

52
67

87
64
83
78

126
107
90
86

58
68
108
76

140
116
106
05

75
77
65
91

49
45
28
81

67
68
55
95

81
88
74
87

89
90
73
71

52
44
23
31

93
112
94

September.
October
November.
December..

97
76
106
84

90
141
113
56

102
134
112
76

86
94
82
65

71

105

53
55
64

75
66
71

81
72
87

114
97
91

58

1921.

September.
October
November.
December..
1922.
January...
February.
March
April

79
69
79

May..
June.




See footnote on opposite page.

93

LIVE-STOCK MOVEMENT.
Table 54.—KTJMEEICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
CATTLE.

HOGS.

Shipments.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Total
receipts.

STOCKER
AND
FEEDER.

SHEEP.

Shipments.
Total
Total
slaugh- receipts.
ter.

TOTAL.

STOCKER
AND
FEEDER.

TOTAL.

Shipments.
Total
Total
slaugh- receipts.
ter.

STOCKER
AND
FEEDER.

TOTAL.

Total
slaughter.

Thousands of animals.
1,904
2,104
2,054
1,866
1,647

382
408
440
336
291

747
850
894
818
717

1,109
1,241
1,141
1,034
922

3,159
3,766
3,737
3,549
3,421

64
81
75
61
42

1,027
1,185
1,194
1,273
1,226

2,157
2,572
2,536
2,272
2,193

1,618
1,869
2,265
1,876
2,008

352
432
578
430
261

January...
February.
March
April

1,881
1,486
1,822
1,561

348
240
241
244

761
602
582
605

1,105
871
1,209
961

5,311
3,467
4,000
3,065

90
85
107
76

1,699
,321
,427
,146

3,593
2,139
2,556
1,902

1,596
1,411
1,308
1,460

May
June—
July
August..

1,784
1,887
1,678
1,970

295
272
218

783
799
734

992
1,069
940
1,043

4,263
3,709
2,850
2,525

,397
,308
,101
958

2,859
2,421
1,754
1,564

September.
October
November.
December..

2,294
2,209
2,427
1,392

489
580
553
279

1,087
1,172
1,166
650

1,172
1,049
1,207
785

2,391
2,789
3,872
4,195

935
1,068
1,400
1,520

January...
February.
March
April

1,644
1,190
1,565
1,492

205
166
237
238

465
600
610

995
728
948
892

4,700
4,009
3,382
3,224

May
June—
July
August.

1,541
1,580
1,343
1,867

214
197
122
355

596
608
492
846

923
1,005
844
996

September.
October
November.,
December..

1,901
2,302
1,928
1,415

394
622
497
245

910
1,194
997
682

1,628
1,416
1,622 I

233
243

672
586
632

1917 monthly average. 1918 monthly average. 1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average...

808
1,011
1,210
1,043
942

756
855
1,054
915
1.069

303
140
135
269

520
734

922
812
792
709

1,488
1,640
2,034
2,607

234
227
324
568

818
806
1,029
1,486

706
845
1,002
1,099

1,452
1,726
2,465
2,680

2,896
3,027
2,471
1,566

796
1,059
857
259

1,632
2,001
1,499
710

1,218
978
1,010
891

1,666
1,391
1,261
1,131

3,032
2,604
2,119
2,096

1,792
1,516
1,750
1,677

62
88
107

687
586
693
704

1,101
935
1,053
988

3,573
2,725
2,655

1,038
1,143
918
930

2,270
2,474
1,804
1,722

1,916
1,850
1,775
2,500

153
89
139
404

926
782
771
1,123

1,014
1,093
1,006
1,335

982
1,073
935
740

2,654
3,212
3,687
3,911

947
1,219
1,297
1,765

1,698
1,990
2,370
2,137

2,618
3,013
2,026
1,664

555
731
511
202

1,428
1,668
1,052
881

1,200
1,311
988
804

927
822
994

4,278
3,612
3,411

1,787
1,327
1,181

2,484
2,285
2,246

1,835
1,399
1,465

183
169
143

887
656
677

925
760
780

1920.

1921.

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

27
74

May..
June.

I

i

i These figures represent the movement at between 60 and 70 markets; data procured from the U. 8. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Market* and Crop EttimaUs.




94

MEAT PRODUCTS.
Table 55.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

EXPORTS.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

Pork
products. •

Beef
products. «

PRODUCTIONINSPECTED
SLAUGHTER.*

COLD-STORAGE
HOLDINGS.*

Beef
products.6

Pork
products."

Lamb
and

mutton.

Beef.

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

Pork.

APPARENT
CONSUMPTION
OF MEAT.s

Lamb
and

mutton.

Beef.

Pork.

WHOLESALE PRICES.
Beef (fresh).

Good
Steer
native rounds, Loins,
fresh,
steers,
No. 2, Chicago.
Chicago. Chicago.

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

Pork.

Relative to 1913.

1913 mo.
1914 m o .
1915 m o .
1916 m o .
1917 mo.

av..
av.
av.
av.
av.

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

94
138
147
132

89
313
236
239

96
106
116
137

96
108
116

98
84
82
64

105
100
107
167

102
95
99
124

100
103
96
109
164

1918 mo.
1919 m o .
1920 m o .
1921 mo.

av.
av.
av..
av.,

229
268
156

473
235
143
112

117
120
111
116

70
84
67
78

169
171
163
110

198
212
207
151

January ...
February ..
March
April

167
179
226
107

May...
June . . .
July. . .
August.

164
167
115

September .
October....
November .
December..

125
150
157

1921.
January ...
February ..
March
April

47
78

67
70

40
53

108

94

66

100

100

100

70
44

97
85

183
324

154
131
121
109

224
151
131
219

124
120
108
97

72
96
121

122
93
69
42

143
112
128
120

182
109
124
90

75
64
62
54

183
204
138

84
65
51
42

121
122
129
123

31
68
51
27

122
111
111
111

120
131
97
80

78
101
104
111

37
33
37
42

107
80
57
30

131
301
582
674

128
127
132
108

197
184
174
144

182
107
93
107

59
60
61
58

65
83
105
107

810
928
705
458

May...
June...
July....
August.

172
155
209
213

117
97
132
136

51
46
40
36

104
108
110
100

298
189
104
80

September..
October....
November .
December..

212
121
110
130

136
94
74

27
25
27

85
61
45
43

70
7182

1922.
January
February..
March
April

156
168
152

67
91
131

51
60
67
74

77
47
34
34

82
96

153
115

104

129

100

100

93
82

149
155

171
180
178
126

106
101
94

188
86
118
123

179
164
158
161

153
149
145
145

164
183
197
230

49
55
70
75

88

156
154
152
167

151
172
197
197

145
164
211
191

190
187
221
247

70
84
113
137

81
78
72
72

100
94
96
70

173
175
237
55

201
195
185
171

183
165
157
142

271
258
197
139

113
88
109
101

154
138
110
108

84
74
85
79

82
64
83
79

151
111
133
151

134
124
126
127

122
109
115
122

146
130
170
182

101
104
101
118

116
128
110
94

71
75
67
85

77
88
77
92

139
167
160
148

127
124
115
124

120
118
122
122

150
131
150
192

119
125
114

87
99
118
133

93
77
66

169
188
175

123
127
133
127

110
96
87
83

184
162
121
95

172
141

119
112
112

90
97
101

108
114
133

1920.

35
33
31
29

HI

111
96

144
123

May..
June..




See footnotes on opposite page.

72

74

85
74

95

MEAT PRODUCTS.
Table 56.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources*1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

EXPORTS.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Pork
Pork
Beef
Beef
products.3 products.4 products.5 products.6

APPARENT
CONSUMPTION

PRODUCTIONINSPECTED
SLAUGHTER.*

COLD-STORAGE
HOLDINGS.*

Lamb
and

mutton.'

Beef.

Pork.

OF MBAT.9

Lamb
and
mutton.

Beef.

Pork.

Thousands of pounds.
1913 mo. av.

82,058

13,625

1914mo. av.

76,826

12,163
42,609
32,105
32,502

1915mo. av.

113,205

1916 mo. av.

120,932

1917mo. av.

108,209

112,462
186,647

609,290
638,684

3,383
4,477

WHOLESALE PRICES.I
Beef (fresh).

Pork.

Good
Steer
native rounds, Loins,
fresh,
steers, No. 2, Chicago
Chicago Chicago
Dollars per pound.

343,402
328,805
364,210
396,865
469,328

482,846

52,389

464,139

51,226

SO. 1 3 0 SO. 1 3 1 S 0 . 1 4 9
.136
.133
.154

521,302

44,125

.129

.124

.143

658,919

43,219

365,063

429,322

.138

.130

.162

428,233

33,645

427,141

321,411

.167

.162

.244

566,370

36,641

465,686

360,829

.221

.221

.295

580,989

43,890

447,129

279,897

.233

.224

.315

538,286

35,255

413,968

416,280

.230

.213

.307

561,297

41,117

365,373

433,965

.163

.145

.225

258,167

856,059

5,580

240,140

912,053

8,413

168,108
104,535

888,375
771,865

15,362
27,222

527,898
451,389
415,434
372,836

30,576
20,520
17,807
29,852

298,864
288,752
260,146
231,937

660,252
874,412
1,015,325
1,101,632

10,290
7,787
5,781
3,517

491,917
382,993
438.177
412,312

877,518
528,252
601,077
433,316

39,406
33,684
32,704
28,316

474,725
394,136
452,564
419,027

526,820
240,331
329,424
344,964

.232

.200

.244

.213

.195

.273

.205

.190

.293

.209

.190

.342

24,937
27,841
18,858
9,348

200,788
157,271
121,652
101,086

1,102,525
1,111,644
1,175,770
1,124,558

2,579

578,870
633,370
469,560
387,451

25,445
28,655
36,632
39,486

440,919
396,977
386,180
391,946

435,730
431,936
426,581
466,523

.195

.190

.283

.223

.215

.278

.255

.276

.328

2,299

417,307
382,245
380,453
381,930

.255

.250

.368

102,472
123.191
129,168
187,127

10,589
13,802
14,204
15,177

89,721
78,055
89,015
100,006

977,7*85
725,699
520,127
270,757

11,021
25,324
48,997
56,702

440,290
434,715
453,689
369.178

335,887
406,316
544,410
663,404

42,395
40,844
37,906
37,586

448,827
419,017
428,474
314,828

485,552
489,236
664,403
153,860

.260

.240

.403

.252

.216

.384

.240

.205

.293

.225

.186

.206

161,694
151,336
143,168
118.192

24,767
14,547
12,627
14,624

142,813
142,891
146,409
138,345

593,299
734,659
957,230
971,520

68,032
78,082
59,304
38,520

387,870
302,992
375,696
347,567

744,128
664,634
531,630
521,521

44,101
38,942
44,643
41,282

367,300
286,107
372,900
351,813

422,389
312,003
371,959
422,812

.174

.160

.218

.160

.143

.193

.163

.150

.253

.165

.160

.270

141,041

15,911
13,192
18,018
18,499

122,100
109,962
96,549
85,638

952,056
981,631
1,005,409
915,691

25,129

345,784
391,687
347,791
406,110

560,758
619,359
529,514
451,662

37,367
39,118
35,040
44,433

345,427
394,484
342,665
410,447

390,181
467,744
447,683
415,121

.165

.158

.223

.160

.155

.195

.149

.160

.223

.160

.160

.285

173,989

18,568

65,943

777,335

5,903

552,504

5,993

.240

64,156

408,312

6,840

.173

.114

.180

106,440

9,420

80,007

396,397

7,520

472,920
525,838
489,336
469,521

.125

10,043

397,223
414,455
370,210
330,245

.164

90,248

45,290
48,486
40,149
34,557

.274

59,611

422,022
480,622
567,622
641,093

.144

12,773

407,349
427,661
392,487
341,040

.160

99,202

.164

.108

.141

127,623
138,055
124,411

9,109
12,404
17,808

84,808
78,295
73,782
69,341

462,637

6,444

693,020
594,090

379,993
329,038

.154

.118

.160

3,914

381,718
336,393

482,083

546,100

393,499

.145

.128

.169

608,747

2,863

.145

.132

.198

675,274

2,872

1918 mo. av.

187,554

1919 mo. av.

219,803

1920mo. av.

128,004

1921 mo. av.

138,308

64,444
32,053
19,545
15,249

January . .
February .
March . . . .
April

136,906
147,138
185,439
87,642

May
June
July
August . . .

134,208
137,366
94,225
67,701

September
October . . .
November
December.
1921.
January
February
March
April

1920.

May...
June . . .
July . . .
August.
September . . .
October
November...
December
1922.
January
February
March
April

127,908
171,561
174,917

May..
June.

5,735
4,310

15,877
8,714
6,751

37,515
30,754

T

i Exports reported by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; cold-storage holdings from the U. S. Department of Agriculture,
Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates; production of beef and pork from animals slaughtered under Federal inspection reported by the U. S. Department of Agriculture,
Bureau of A nimal Industry. Apparent consumption has been computed from the inspected slaughter plus importsless exports and the change in storage holdings. Wholesale 8prices are average for the month from U. S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Cold-storage holdings are distinctly seasonal. No allowance for this has been made in calculating index numbers. Figures represent storage holdings on the first day
of each month.
s Includes bacon, ham, shoulders, lard, neutral lard, and canned, fresh, and pickled pork.
^Includes fresh, canned, pickled, and cured beef, and oleo oil and tallow.
* Includes beef, frozen, cured, and in process of cure .
6
Includespork, frozen, dry salt, and pickled, both cured and in process of cure, and lard.
7
Frozen lamb and mutton.
8
Total dressed weight slaughtered under Federal inspection, including veal with beef. The slaughter under Federal inspection, according to census figures in 1919,
amounted to 68 per cent of the total number of animals slaughtered in the United States in the case of hogs and 82 per cent in the case of beef and 91 per cent for lamb.
9
Includes meat produced under Federal inspection only.




96

DAIRY PRODUCTS.
Table 57.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

BUTTER.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

CHEESE.

ColdColdColdReceipts storage WholeReceipts storage Whole- Receipts storage
sale
sale
at 5
at 5
at 5 holdings Produc- Exports. Stocks.
holdings price, 5 Produc- mark- holdings price, 5
martion. 3
tion.
mar(Ameri- mar(case
kets. 2 (cream- m a r kets.*
kets. 2
can)^
kets.?
kets. 8
ery)-6

Relative
Relative to 1919. to 1916-20. Relative
to 1919.
1916-1920 mo. av.
1913 monthly a v . .
1914 monthly a v . .
1915 monthly a v . .
1916 monthly a v . .
1917 monthly a v . .
1918 monthly a v : .
1919 monthly a v . .
1920 monthly a v . .
1921 monthly a v . .

CONDENSED AND
EVAPORATED MILK
(case goods).

EGGS.

Relative
Relative to 1919. to 1916-20. Relative
to 1919.

100

Reletive Relative
to 1919. to 1916-20.

100

Relative to 1919.

ICE ]
CREAM.1

Produc-i
tion.

Relative
to 1920.

Relative
to 1919.

94
100
111
153

100

92

70

85

100
70

100
86
103

121
93
111
91
112

77
100
76
71

50
65
1OO
48
34

100
79

26

100
99
72

87
1OO
86
83

100
85
90

120
104
104
103
82

95
68
40
22

102
104
110
108

43
47
61
77

68
55
85
53

143
117
92
63

100
94
94
94

42
62
112
157

42
9
1
3

85
81
90
92

63
6.1
71
72

55
48
61
102

42

141
153
114

13
23
93
180

101
92
89
95

122
169
138
107

99
123
124
99

46
36
80
139

91
90
94
85

152
148
106
76

58
139
183
186

111
121
103
81

64
62
39
36

101
97
1C8
109

145
199
223
198

107
90
74
72

91
73
58
57

205
201
181
141

96
96
105

92

79
78
84
72

162
148
131
107

90
87
84
80

68
50

173
144
104
49

71
35
20
21

30
28
24
27

122
140
135
122.

145

1921.
January
February...
March
April

77
76
91
111

67
61
78
85

104
74
48
26

85
83
77
74

70
69
78
87

92
67
47
38

94
81
80
85

55
98
166
210

11
1
1
52

24
34
58
86

42
31
40
28

102
80
61
46

42
44
71
95

May
June
July
August..

160
177
151
151

131
181
135
136

14
38
110
147

53
55
66
76

130
138
102
105

120
133
118
79

36
48
94
111

49
49
60
64

177
130
95
93

133
186
204
206

113
108
81

13
31
24
43

52
80
103
105

415
468
240
171

September.
October
November.
December..

121
114
95
96

110
95
81
81

164
160
138
116

72
78
76
73

90
81
51
45

91
101
83
69

126
121
116
92

64
69
71
66

77
62
34
45

195
170
119
65

73
74
58
55

54
45
26
31

78
79
77
84

139
67
48
41

74
58
40
29

67

70
90

68
86
164

24
5
26

26
28
35

84
78

94
100
99
118

1OO
86
103

118
105
95

68
64
78
84

60
58
75
57

May
June
July
August..

120
159
153
125

September.
October....
November.
December..

1920.
January
February...
March
April

1922.
January
February...".
March
April

91
85

62
40
16

41

62
63
63

49

90

67
64

May..
June.




See lootnotes on opposite page.

47

43

97

DAIRY PRODUCTS.
Table 58.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faoed type; index numbers on opposite page.]
CHEESE.

BUTTER.

YEAR AND MONTH. Produc-

tion.

CONDENSED AND
EVAPORATED MILK
(case goods).

EGGS.

ColdCold- WholeColdReceipts storage Whole- Receipts storage
Receipts storage sale
sale
at 5 holdings price, Produc- at 5 holdings price,
at 5 holdings Produc- Exports. Stocks.
martion.
marmarmar* tion.3
mar- kets.2
(case
kets.* (Ameri- 5kets.*
kets.* (cream- 5kets.'
can)^
eggs).«
ery)/

Thousands of pounds.
1916-1020 mo. a v . .
1913 monthly a v . J
1914 monthlyav.. ;
1915 monthly av.J
191ft monthly av.. i

Per
pound.

Thousands of pounds.

Per
4
pound. Thousands of cases.

37,178

56,364

Thousands of pounds.

25,850

3,118

39,269
47,445

53,939
50,305
66,410 $ 0 , 5 9 3
59,341
.586
.429
53,491

13,814
14,719

1,188
1,027
1,229

4,472
3,413
4,089
3,355
4,132

110,639
143,956
109,427
102,116

49,044
46,355
56,303
60,622

27,693
26,486
34,489
26,293

53,737
38,359
22,568
12,555

.615
.654
.640

11,071
12,051
15,780
19,945

10,996
8,949
13,862
8,620

53,168
43,631
34,039
23,431

.311
.293
.292
.293

497
738
1,335
1,870

1,542
342
29
122

86,845
114,695
110,844
90,669

40,475
64,828
70,080
52,342

7,554
12,872
52,526
101,455

.60
.546
.53
.563

31,521
43,432
35,540
27,595

16,079
20,022
20,147
16,071

16,963
13,502
29,654
51,512

.281
.278
.29
.264

1,807
1,759
1,259
906

September.
October
November.
December..

77,106
65,129
53,570
52,395

41,966
33,611
26,643
26,326

115,558
113,385
101,778
79,750

.567
.57
.62
.528

23,785
20,593
13,559
10,637

12,831
12,767
13,727
11,703

60,372
55,007
48,566
39,921

.279
.269
.261
.249

1921.
January
February...
March
April

55,442
54,876
65,596
80,363

30,939
27,996
35,593
38,841

58,682
41,486
27,103
14,732

.502
.493
.455
.441

13,741
12,744
17,526
22,984

11,387
11,274
12,675
14,145

34,115
25,000
17,477
14,294

116,053
127,941
109,288
108,897

60,208
82,882
61,786
62,337

7,712
21,682
61,991
82,838

.316
.324
.392
.448

33,492
35,564
26,342
26,963

19,567
21,619
19,180
12,863

87,634
82,785
68,604
69,104

50,546
43,785
37,282
37,172

92,396
90,123
78,014
65,138

.425
.461
.451
.435

23,071
20,969
13,216
11,547

41,697
38,894
44,919

48,411
35,042
22,557
9,024

.365
.375
.371

()
*

1920.
January
February...
March
April
May....
June....
July....
August.

May....
June....
July....
August.
September.
October
November.
December..
1922.
January
February...
March
April

45,871

Thousands of
gallons.

1,377
1,904
6,307
18,307

44,679
38,552
38,664
38,147
30,585

22,338
25,771
22,134
21,513

Production.

3,689

51,825

1917 monthly av.J
1918 monthly av.. | 68,181
1919 monthly av.. 72,344
1920 monthly av.. 71,965
1921 monthly a v . . 85,549

ICE
CREAM.

35,705
45,928
34,252
24,140

224,689
177,066

10,470
11,098
12,358
17,021

122,925
116,565
128,940
132,023

44,923
42,999
50,180
51,504

122,917
106,986
136,530
228,824

4,630
5,181
7,547
9,932

2,135
5,143
6,747
6,872

159,309
174,675
148,857
116,777

45,777
44,401
27,669
25,603

226,381
217,123
243,571
245,915

16,118
22,078
24,740
21,977

811
589
391
360

6,372
5,295
1,824

102,638
51,159
29,098
30,159

21,342
20,147
17,207
19,268

275,156
315,380
302,800
274,681

16,107
9,823
5,391
4,774

.293
.251
.250
.263

648
1,168
1,977
2,498

408
43
43
1,926

34,803
48,330
82,924
123,159

30,192
21,830
28,194
20,221

229,386
180,744
135,966
102,391

4,674
4,881
7,922
10,534

13,466
17,814
34,948
41,284

.152
.153
.185
.20

2,101
1,539
1,129
1,100

4,909
6,844
7,534
7,605

162,653
156,876
116,127
127,167

9,186
21,700
17,338
30,360

116,557
179,746
232,374
235,053

46,016
51,966
26,624
18,986

14,841
16,382
13,455
11,237

46,706
44,842
43,015
34,062

.20
.214
.220
.206

919
732
399
538

7,207
6,275
4,387
2,402

104,958
106,134
84,072
78,813

38,061
32,232
18,126
22,238

174,242
177,672
172,170
188,498

15,425
7,417
5,277
4,526

10,684
11,319
14,586

27,691
21,430
14,953
10,731

.209
.208
.199

805
1,026
1,947

18,352
19,951
25,006

189,227
176,332
154,563

16,281

90.310
.280
.216

179
13
949

71,072

May..
June.

I
i Import and export statistics from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce: all other data from V. S. Department of Agriculture,
Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates.
* Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, and San Francisco. Total of weekly figures with first and last weeks of month prorated.
8
Includes whole milk, part skim and full skim.
* One case of eggs equals 30 dozen, or about 45 pounds net.
6
Production compiled by months but issued quarterly; figures not available at time of going to press.
* Holdings on first day of month.
7 Average of weekly prices of creamery butter, 92 score, at Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, and San Francisco.
8
Average of weekly prices of American cheese, No. 1 fresh twins, at Boston, New York, Wisconsin, Chicago, and San Francisco.

100797°—22




7

98
CROP PRODUCTION.
Table 59.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Baaed on data from Government sources.1
(Base year in bold-faoed type.]
WHEAT.
CORN.
Winter.

Spring.

OATS.

Total.

BABLEY.

BYE.

TOTAL
BREAD
GRAINS.

RICE.

POTA- APPLES
TOES.
(total).

HAY,
TAME.

YEAR.

Relative to 5-year average, 1909-13.
A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1OO
155
153
109

1OO
84
144
64

1OO
119
149
93

1OO
99
111
95

100
101
137
111

1OO
107
126
100

100
123
155
140

100
104
123
99

1OO
99
121
171

100
115
101
80

100
143
130
110

100
106
130
138

1917
1918
1919
1920
1921

94
128
172
138
133

91
145
85
91
85

93
134
141
121
116

113
92
104
119
114

141
136
105
132
94

116
141
81
104
83

180
261
216
173
166

117
112
110
122
108

145
161
175
216
166

124
115
91
113
97

94
96
81
127
55

126
116
131
133
124

1921.
June estimate
Julv fistimatp.
August estimate

131
130
123

103
96
87

121
118
110

115
112

124
117
101

105
101
94

203
200
184

8 118
116
109

140
140

106
89

61
58
62

129
124
124

September estimate
October estimate
November estimate
December estimate

123
123
123
133

86
80
80
85

110
108
108
116

118
117
116
114

96
95
95
94

92
90
90
83

184
184
184
166

111
110
110
108

137
138
138
166

91
97
100
97

61
62
58
55

121
121
143
124

1909-1913 average
1914
1915
1916

1922.

Auimst estimate
Thousands of
tons.

Thousands of bushels.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
1909-1913 average
1914
1915
1916

4 4 1 , 6 0 2 2 4 5 , 0 5 9 6 8 6 , 6 9 7 2,708,334 1,131,175 1 8 1 , 8 8 6 3 4 , 9 1 6 4 , 7 4 3 , 0 0 8
4,942,613
891,017
2,672,804 1,141,060
684,990
206,027
194,953
42,779
5,852,525
2,994,763 1,549,030
351,854 1,025,801
228,851
673,947
54,050
4,686,253
1,251,837
636,318
2,566,927
480,553
155,765
182,309
48,862

1917
1918
1919
1920
1921

23,926 356,627 176,482 65,987
409,921
252,200
23,649
70,071
359,721
85,920
28,947
230,011
286,953
40,861
91 192
193,905

412,901
565,099
760,677
610,597
587,032

223,754
356,339
207,602
222,430
207,861

636,655
921,438
968,279
833,027
794,893

3,065,233
2,502,665
2,816,318
3,230,532
3,081,251

1,592,740
1,538,124
1,184,030
1,496,281
1,060,737

211,759
256,225
147,608
189,332
151,181

62,933
91 041
75,542
60,490
57,918

5,569,320
5 309,493
5,191,777
5,809,662
5,145,980

34,739
38,606
41,985
51,692
39,653

442,108
411,860
322,867
403,296
346,823

166,749
169,625
142,086
223,677
96,881

83,308
76,660
86,359
87,855
81,567

August estimate

578,342
573,930
543,879

251,289
235,482
212,946

829,631
809,412
756,825

3,123,139
3,022,170

1,404,922
1,328,937
1,137,202

190,661
184,288
170,511

71,011 » 5,619,225
6,515,000
69,956
5,161,008
64,332

33,603
33,480

376,977
315,918

107,607
102,190
109,453

85,200
81,695
81,604

September estimate
October estimate
November estimate
December estimate

543,879
543,879
543,879
587,032

209,979
196,776
196,776
207,861

753,858
740,655
740,665
794,893

3,185,876
3,163,063
3,151,698
3,081,251

1,090,282
1,078,519
1,078,515
1,060,737

166,906
163,399
163,399
151,181

64,332
64,332
64,332
57,918

5,261,254
5,209,968
5,198,603
5,145,980

32,661
33,020
33,020
39,653

322,985
345,845
356,076
346,823

109,166
109,710
102,290
96,881

79,808
79,808
94,619
81,567

1921.
June estimate

1922.
June estimate
July estimate
A ugnst pstiTnat«

!

I

i
1

1

!

Yearly figures represent the latest revised estimates of total production for the year as reported by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Markets arid Crop
Estimates.
* Junefiguresfor total grains include corn as estimated on July 1.




99
FRUITS, VEGETABLES, AND FISH.
Table 60.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.)
CIT- WHITE ONRUS 2 POTA- IONS.
FRUIT TOES.

APPLES.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Coldstorage
holdIngs.*

FISH.

APPLES.

Car-lot shipments.

ColdTotal storage
catch. holdings.*

Thousands of
barrels.

Number of carloads.

Thousands of
pounds.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

B.-NUMERICAL DATA.
5 78

106
91
108

100

76
80

75
92

100
111

94
1OO
97

139

119

105
1OO
124
109

102
70
84

100

63

FISH.

Cold- ColdTotal storage storage
catch* hold- holdings.' ings.3

Car-lot shipments.

Relative to 1919.

1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..

CIT- WHITE
RUS POTA- ONFRUIT* TOES. IONS.

582
98
92

1,839
1,587

6,950
4,754

1,865

11,397
12,055

1,304
1,596

90
78

101
1OO
73
72

1,735
3,946
2,802

5,737
6,796
8,580
7,739

3,417
5,398
5,975
7,516

14,105
15,005
14,627
17,870

1,835
1,740
2,163
1,905

107

100

5 13,518
5 13,549
5 14,300
16,936
15,999
18,549 62,501
17,358 6 1 , 7 6 4
15,675 45,296
13,608 44,268

227
161

126
114

319
318
182
85

65
65
64
33

141
143
166
116

83
56
80
53

79
67
57
111

65
61
100
76

100
78
48
33

5,529
5,524
3,162
1,479

4,393
4,419
4,378
2,229

7,629
7,704
8,971
6,268

12,525
8,474
12,057
7,949

1,368
1,159
999
1,938

11,206
10,534
17,361
13,260

61,499
47,963
29,380
20,570

46
12

19
4
27
57

152
94
67
45

45
98
104
91

244
35
59
110

102
135
101
107

33
45
58
76

806
213

1,276
262
1,855
3,861

8,216
5,095
3,637
2,431

6,797
14,758
15,621
13,583

4,242
607
1,030
1,918

17,763
23,356
17,446
18,659

20,284
27,731
35,793
47,073

31
240
391

162
549
340
131

34
58
143
168

120
208
166
64

211
282
168
68

94
101
73

90
104
110
106

544
4,162
6,787

11,043
37,284
23,087
8,875

1,811
3,147
7,708
9,084

18,058
31,233
24,852
9,612

3,675
4,910
2,918
1,186

16,267
17,612
12,715
11,915

55,602
64,438
67,828
65,387

368
272
210
127

99
84
41

183
172
208
200

92
79
107

117
102
99
144

6,384
4,718
3,650
2,210

6,046
6,698
5,695
2,816

9,903
9,289
11,239
10,772

13,871
11,884
16,058
14,732

2,038
1,769
1,724
2,504

11,869
14,806
14,059
10,048

48,320
42,116
33,411
28,444

22
6
17
50

162
143
94
67

117
114
107

147
47
85
117

1,125
445

1,476
404
1,167
3,386

8,720
7,746
5,063
3,611

14,818
17,629
17,033
16,027

2,559
824
1,481
2,042

11,920
17,505
14,983
17,267

25,803
32,311
40,293
47,462

188
480
206
85

68
93
112
169

170
277
104
65

185
142
68
60

12,745
32,653
14,023
5,760

3,661
5,012
6,044
9,126

25,471
41,514
15,617
9,790

3,219
2,466
1,182
1,054

14,870
16,667
10,235
9,065

54,591
58,242
61,149
59,074

158
124
155

103
91
139

4,055
4,731
2,904

8,513
6,684
8,371

15,399
13,596
20,799

1,672
951
662

13,539 48,320
21,472 37,621
18,623 | 25,474
17,479

1920.

January...
February..
March
April
May....
June...
July....
August.
September..
October....
November..
December..
1921.

January...
February..
March
April
May....
June...
July
August.

65
26

September..
October....
November..
December..

46
207

101
86

792
3,597
2,354

1922.

January..
February.
March
April

313
249
178
111

78
124
107

5,429
4,313
3,090
1,931

May..
June.
1 Data compiled by U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates, except fish catch representing landings from vessels at Boston and Gloucester,
Mass., Portland, Me., and Seattle, Wash., compiled by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Fisheries.
2
Oranges, lemons, and grapefruit.
3
As of 1st of the month.
4
As of 15th of the month.
s Excluding Portland and Seattle.




100

RICE.
Table 61.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.J

SHIPMENT^.
RECEIPTS
AT
MILLS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Total
from
mills.

New
Orleans.

STOCKS, EXD
OF MONTH.

Domestic at Foreign j
mills in ware-1
and house. I;
dealers.

STOCKS, END
OF MONTH.

SHIPMENTS.
IM-

RECEIPTS
EXPORTS.
AT
MILLS.

Total
from
mills.

Barrels
of 162
pounds.2

Relative to 1919.

New
Orleans.

Domestic at Foreign
mills in wareand
house.
dealers.

IMPORTS

EXPORTS,

In pockets of 100 pounds.

B.—NUMERICAL*!) ATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

1913 monthly a v . .

67

141

7

169,718

191,510

23,004

^1914 monthly a v . .

80

142

13

203,340

193,597

41,904

1915 monthly a v . .

77

78

77

156

18

468,036

479,349

196,238

757,281

1916 monthly a v . .

105

107

101

126

92

132

35

640,627

652,912

258,484

1,021,642

237,759

1917 monthly a v . .

97

105

108

108

111

163

55

591,159

642,918

275,513

872,667

285,396

222,059

172,990

1918 monthly a v . .

104

114

109

84

168

328

45

633,910

699,754

278,758

682,788

432,807

446,741

139,944

254,825

,811,658 257,359

1919 monthly a v . .

100

100

100

100

100

100

212,140

56,327

179,760

•'109,114

609,477

611,661

136,090

314,063

1920 monthly a v . .

105

91

87

159

104

81

104

639,610

554,723

222,175

1,287,057

268,712

109,706

327,177

1921 monthly a v . .

131

157

125

159

48

47

159

796,277

957,589

318,147

1,291,023

123,070

63,532

500,049

590,799

100

1920.
150

150

156

196

61

48

188

912,399

915,569

398,180

1,592,651

156,811

65,304

February...

60

50

46

212

56

69

Ity

367,964

306,293

116,809

1,721,313

144,009

93,461

564,228

March

45

85

68

183

66

79

198

276,701

518,493

174,021

1,483,033

168,694

107,325

622,605

April

37

111

122

128

122

188

128

225,635

680,330

311,092

1,036,632

314,299

257,006*

401,290

January

May....

20

56

39

111

117

145

94

122,069

341,603

100,345

899,706

301,931

197,889

296,419

June

24

61

58

83

133

114

44

146,636

371,266

148,511

676,558

343,187

155,068

138,395

July....

10

35

37

65

122

91

57

58,825

213,736

93,398

526,201

.313,514

123,808

178,181

August.

46

40

51

66

156

130

33

280,511

241,766

130,575

533,726

400,610

176,749

103,226

September.

107

100

100

92

145

42

15

651,263

610,134

255,704

747,693

373,096

57,196

46,000

October....

220

157

149

119

108

13

39

1,343,683

963,263

379,388

965,953

278,219

17,848

122,656

November..

367

147

129

288

94

23

107

2,234,281

900,793

329,539

2,338,517

240,874

31,442

336,763

December.:

173

97

90

360

74

25

167

1,055,358

593,424

228,537

2,922,698

189,305

33,378

525,564

106

183

138

299

57

43

127

647,457

1,121,878

351,341

2,430,782

145,893

58,242

399,020

78

198

145

239

53

36

124

472,774

1,210,239

370,537

1,935,844

136,722

49,298

390,326

March

135

170

147

197

49

34

145

825,360

1,037,009

374,494

1,600,937

126,950

46,417

455,792

April

160

169

136

196

42

56

188

973,141

1,036,690

347,113

1,593,049

108,139

76,162

589,076

May....

524,253

1921.
January
February...

188

232

151

184

46

56

167

1,144,416

1,420,264

384,232

1,493,210

117,425

76,182

June

72

129

120

130

55

69

235

439,510

787,^44

305,436

1,059,100

141,692

94,001

737,697

July....

63

137

130

79

35

14

201

385,328

839,608

331,005

640,711

90,049

19,182

632,650

August.

161

149

150

86

41

52

197

980,719

910,458

382,944

696,742

105,255

71,016'

619,817

September.

126

123

107

85

28

19

174

767,628

752,036

271,444

686,344

71,272

25,201

545,767

October

193

142

81

119

63

86

129

1,177,836

871,375

205,417

968,175

162,187

117,191

406,029

November..

140

122

85

139

55

45

109

855,773

744,597

215,978

1,128,925

140,779

60,589

340,996

December..

145

124

109

155

51

51

114

885,383

759,564

277,821

1,258,454

130,482

68,901

359,166

236,723

1922.
January

159

141

73

185

57

63

75

966,825

862,554

185,931

1,505,521

147,276

86,395

February....

163

167

131

204

61

39

128

992,952

1,020,375

333,436

1,653,294

155,881

53,447

400,867

March

214

196

166

190

38

31

213

1,301,984

1,198,126

423,044

1,540,545

97,920

42,752.

669,032

April
May.
June.
1 Receipts, shipments and stocks at mills from Rice Millers' Association, comprising movement of the whole rice crop except California rice. Shipments of rice through
New Orleans compiled by New Orleans Board of Trade. Stocks of foreign rice in warehouses and imports and exports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign
and Domestic Commerce, data for rough rice being reduced to the equivalent clean rice at 162 pounds of rough to 100 pounds of clean.
2 Rough rice barrels of 162 pounds are equivalent to clean rice pockets of 100 pounds each.




101
SUGAR.
Table 62.—(A.) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B.) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
SUGAR.

SUGAR.

Wholesale price.
ExRetail
Stocks, ports,
refined, Raw, Granu- index',
raw.
Melt2 at refin- includlated,
96°
ings.
51
ing
eries.*
centrifin
maple. ugal,
bbls., cities.
N. Y. N. Y.

Relative to 1913.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Receipts,
Im- Louisiana
ports,
raw. crop at
New
Orleans.

Relative
Relative to 1919. to 19091913.

Imports,
raw.

Receipts,
Louisiana
crop at
New
Orleans.

Long tons.

Relative to 1913.

A.-INDEX NUMBERS.
1909-1913 monthly av.
1913 monthly av
1914 monthly av
1915 monthly av
1916 monthly a v . . . .

Meltings.2

Wholesale price.
ExStocks, ports,
refined, Raw, Granuraw,
lated,
at refin- includ- 96°
in
ing
centriferies.2
maple. ugal,
bbls.,
N. Y. N. Y.

Per pound.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100
100
15
1
12
1
17
1

1917 monthly av..
1918 monthly av..
1919monthly av..
1920 monthly av..
1921 monthly av..

105
109
149
170
131

59
45
50
29
54

1920.
January
February
March
April

2,953

492
1,214
1,992

100
62
53
87

100
100
133
165

1OO
110
130
161

1OO 175,664 16,184
108 | 201,437 10,109
196,569
8,501
120
146
205,716 14,050

14,524
35,838
58,812

79
100
104
92

85
1OO
110
157

1,274
513
1,859
1,164
1,176

179
183
215
372
137

181
182
209
297
144

176
205
353
146

183,802
192,219
261,149
298,685
229,266

9,545
7,286 257,174 I 81,311
8,154 325,233 95,428
4,704 338,430 105,357
8,812
299,891 I 150,022

135
206
236
187

75
106
138
135

44
94
146
116

1,821
1,642
1,843
3,092

371
325
339
504

360
350
321
449

324
342
340
367

237,097
361,310
414,731
328,350

2,026
776
281
578

May
June
July....
August..

165
251
265
219

127
142
147
126

80
121
154
183

2,080
1,080
853
144

598
562
502

497
447
391

462
485
482
416

440,423
465,374
385,361

September.
October
November.
December..

111
69
110
90

78
55
69
51

105
88
90
104

317

1
112
207

467

305
238
193
151

334
253
225
190

253
235
191

1921.
January
February
March
April.....

65
151
213
219

26
8
10
8

40
80
133
107

110
120
181
258

593
387
441

153
151
173
155

177
166
184
170

May....
June
July
August..

166
95
70
145

4
6
27
25

104
92
95
127

276
264
167
140

2,039
2,067
2,272
2,012

140
120
127
134

September.
October
November.
December..

80
92
118
100

13
50
231
245

81
85
82
78

144
75
86
65

1,206
585
573
1,077

90
128
165

90
172
287

2,159
2,045
3,673

1922.
January
February
March
April

179
255

90.035 $ 0 , 0 4 3
.047
.038
.047
.056
.058
.069

37,602
15,152
54,891
34,371
34,739

.063
.064
.075
.130
.048

.077
.078
.089
.126
.062

243,445 42,164
345,494 89,874
448,767 138,968
437,669 110,326

53,767
48,471
54,408
91,301

.130
.119
.179
.177

.154
.149
.137
.192

281
230
210
6

413,726
460,982
477,928
409,450

76,663
115,781
147,137
174,625

61,403
31,876
25,200
4,252

.209
197
176
.134

.225
• 212
191
.167

195,187
121,100
193,273
158,121

28
194
18,104
33,546

253,146
178,454
225,356
166,746

99,937
84,290
85,527
98,996

9,374
8,505
10,113
13,780

.107
.083
.068
.053

143
108
.096
.081

176
182
176
176

113,618
265,898
374,090
385,079

4,279
1,248
1,604
1,224

130,610
261,686
433,186
347,499

105,275
114,476
172,679
245,904

25,583
17,503
11,428
13,022

054
.053
.061
.054

.076
.071
.078
.073

148
133
128
137

153
142
129
136

381,651
166,017
123,782
254,931

671
1,035
4,400
4,029

339,850
298,372
309,800
414,545

251,827
159,415
133,421

60,197
61,040
67,096
59,400

.049
.047
.044
.047

.063
.057
.055
.058

123
119
117
106

131
122 |
121 |
117

133
125
122
118

141,103
161,695
206,865
176,462

2,063
8,125
37,394
39,675

262,817
277,910
268,283
254,135

137,390
71,664
82,253
62,419

35,617
17,261
16,908
31,817

.043
.042
.041
.037

.056
.052
.052
.050

104
107
112

112
115
121

113
116
118

314,939
448,321
571,836

8,039
2,895

291,601
415,723
535,357

85,602
163,817
273,811

63,765
60,390
108,468

.036
.038
.039

.048
.049
.052

MayJune.
1
With the exception of receipts, stocks, and meltings reported by the Statistical Sugar Trade Journal. The sources of the other data are: Imports and exports from
U.S. Department of Commerce, bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; Wholesale and retail sugar prices, from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
2
Figures include reports from seven ports: Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Savannah, New Orleans, Galveston, and San Francisco. Meltings are calculated from
weekly reports, the odd days being prorated. Stocks represent the amount of raw sugar in the hands of refiners on the dates nearest the end of the month as reported for
each port.
* Index number less than 1.




102

COFFEE AND TEA.
Table 63.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
COFFEE.

TEA.

Clearances
from Brazil.
Receipts
in
To
WOBLD UNITED Brazil.*
Y E A B AND MONTH.
TOTAL.8 UNITED
TOTAL. STATES.

COFFEE.

Imports
into

U.S.

Imports
into
U.S.

WORLD

STATES.*

Relative to
5-year average.

Relative to 1913.

UNITED
STATES.

1918 monthly a v . . .
1919 monthly a v . . .
1920 monthly a v . . .
1921 monthly a v . . .
1920.
January.....
February
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..
1921.
January
February....
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

61
63
66
75

100
84
104
139
103
61

1OO
121
112
131
106

TOTAL. 3

Imports
into
U.S.

. To
UNITED
STATES. 4

Imports
into
U.S.

Thousands of
pounds.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
100

1913 monthly a v . . . 100
1914 monthly a v . . .
99
1915 monthly a v . . .
80
1916 monthly a v . . .
78
1917 monthly a v . . .
72

Receipts
in
Brazil.'

Thousands of bags.5

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

1909-1913mo.av...

Clearances from
Brazil.

Visible supply. 8

Visible supply.*

TEA.

75,659

100

8,241

99
107
107
128

11,797
11,679
9,441
9,200
8,493

1,894
1,593
1,689
1,970
2,633

955
1,151
1,072
1,249
1,009

990
1,207
1,103
1,261
1,014

393
491
474
544
610

102,438

121
147
143
148

134
82
92
77

7,187
7,425
7,770
8,891

1,960
1,162
1,691
1,686

1,261
762
558
1,064

813
831
891
1,003

536
359
637
513

91,788
111, 130
108,118
111,956

11,044

458

834

367

116,032

10,253

405

748

579

93,129

7,810

397

1,296

746

131,923

7,384

323

883

324

151,501

5,374

339

739

525

75,350

4,776

448

841

542

123,506

8,546

100

100

122
111
127
102

125
121
138
155

111
135
129
142

132
80
58
Ul

84
90
101

136
91
162
131

84,256
97,241
107,209

8,151
8,842
8,814
10,566

6,747
7,567
6,374

48

84

93

153

124

6,598

55

70

42

76

147

123

95

6,472

77

74

42

131

190

151

90

72

79

34

82

200

65

8,484

1,571
1,331
1,396
1,503

67

95

75

134

100

58

62

79

47

85

138

163

104

59

90

93

73

130

176

122

7,881
7,272
6,910
7,033

1,792
1,494
1,699
1,823

891

723

510

133,143

10,080

1,398

1,026

619

130,636

10,002

7,773
8,297
8,379
8,716

1,936
2,026
2,025
1,696

1,365
1,429
1,436
1,397

1,286

96,661

8,441
7,929
6,015
4,198

9,002
8,902
8,992
8,842

1,619
1,647
1,901
2,046

1,148

8,720
8,639
9,034

2,058
2,037
1,747
1,710

9,032
8,920
8,867
9,076

1,685
1,306
1,175
1,298

1,156
1,121
1,055
1,171

9,263
9,234
9,404
9,185

1,616
1,387
1,453
1,195

1,064
1,009
913

59

96

146

104

158

173

121

102

143

130

155

128

102

70

107

150

101

74

128

96

71

107

150

103

118

100

73

74

90

146

94

172

96

51

60

76

86

120

100

151

147

75

87

83

109

173

172

33

76

100

90

117

181

187

65

75

108

108

97

128

215

57

75

109

104

73

55

163

53

74

108

113

78

88

101

62

73

92

121

99

98

111

62

77

90

127

101

79

125

95

77

89

121

123

131

84

102

76

69

117

107

171

103

112

75

62

110

116

199

165

112

123

96

110

202

135

77

1,002

290

97,127

1,017

465

75,654

930

677

72,752

594

110,956

790

1,076

680

130,413

857

1,154

712

141,729

1,032

964

503

162,397

994

727

218

123,191

1,079

776

345

76,762

1,154

975

386

83,703

310

94,897

1,218

514

63,546

1,060

673

78,174

1,145

783

124,955

952

433

152,776

1,259

499

119,353

968

327

106,847

1,159

464

96,132

1,216

3,247
2,711
5,387
4,711
4,383
5,094
5,080
7,844
8,391
9,220
9,258
11,162

1922.
January

79

85

111

127

127

158

February

78

73

106

98

83

141

March

80

77

96

117

118

127

April

78

6,966
5,030
6,617

May..
June..

I
i Data on coffee except imports received from the New York Coffee and Sugar Exchange,Inc.; Imports of coffee and tea from the Department of Commerce, Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
* Represents total receipts at Rio and Santos.
8
Represents total clearances from Rio, Santos, and Victoria.
* Represents total clearances from Rio, Santos, Victoria, and Bahia.
* A bag of coffee averages 132 pounds.
* Given as of the 1st day of the month.




103
TOBACCO.
Table 64.—(A) INDEX NTJMBEES A1TO (B) NTJMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[ Base-year in bold-faced type. ]

PRODUCTION
(tax-paid withdrawals).

STOCKS.'

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Chewing,
Total,
smoking, Cigar including imsnuff, types. ported
and
types,
export
types.

ManuUnTofactured Large Small bacco manciga- (crop ufactobac- cigars, rettes.* esti- tured
co and
mate).5 leaf.
snuff.?

Chewing,
smoking,
snuff,
and
export
types.

Relative to

Relative to 1913.

ManufacTotal,
Cigar including tured Large Small
cigatypes. imported tobac- cigars.- rettes.4
types, co and
snuff.3

Thousands of pounds.

1909-13.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
5yr.av.(l909-13)
1913 mo. av
100
1914 mo. av
103
1915 mo. av
113
1916 mo. av
105
1917 mo. av
1918 mo. av
1919 mo. av
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av

100
11
0
109

85

Thousands.

Tobacco
(crop
estimate)^

Unmanufactured
leaf.

Thousands
of pounds.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
100

100

4
i

PRODUCTION
(tax-paid withdrawals).

STOCKS.'

100

996,176 31,417

810,469

1OO
99
100
105

100

100

95
87
93

108
115
163

104
107
116

92
114
126

125
144
147
159
112

369,802 1,234,013

36,990

630,959 1,296,308

344,971
361,114
313,142

1,244,524

36,745

597,849

1,404,636

1,034,679

1,343,396

36,863

549,932

1,497,029

1,062,237

1,225,555

38,847

586,844

2,107,525

1,153,278

67
107
203
124
137

889,484

277,846
283,495
1,018,253 296,095
1,001,387 323,643
1,199,209 340,656

1,217,963

40,248

629,991

2,944,272

1,249,276

970,465

1,073,084

41,423

587,796

3,888,075

1,439,071

1,381,713

35,339

589,363

4,426,649

1,465,481

1,408,311

33,324

661,418

3,718,526

1,582,225

1,621,288

32,208

566,478

4,236,256

1,117,682

962,807 | 283,304

1,318,131

37,035

110
120
126
124
148

75
77
80
88
92

99
87
112
114
131

109
112
96
90
87

100
93
93
105
90

227
300
341
287
327

119

77

107

100

105

349

149

95

94

273

835,462
915,451
853,156

127

28,827
35,877
39,784
21,186
33,656
63,826
38,946
42,946

1920.

January
February..
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..
1921.
January
February..
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.

114

103

107

305

106

112

315

89

93

108

236

151

134

107

275

155

130

108

274

156

119

81

112

296

148

125

106

80

117

148
159

301
318

96
147

293

135

319

93
97

149
133
145
138

345
87

84
85

152

326
94

169

396

89

85

j

97

370

95

101

377

100

138

98

326

102
112

May..
June.

i

297,472

1,446,914

1,363,499

367,854

1,818,781

38,450 676,228
37,197 708,112
34,239 678,752
34,842 672,020

3,953,345
4,088,835
3,053,337
3,569,397

1,500,800
1,544,489

33,303
28,041
42,067
40,958

35,250
30,075
20,150
17,683

678,640
704,799
506,126

3,557,482
3,840,335
3,529,200
2,816,818

1,553,812
1,478,788
1,476,444
1,582,225

37,261
39,394
26,628
45,391

27,153
30,007
35,478
31,056

462,798
496,724
561,344
584,103

3,901,660
4,119,377
4,470,292
3,801,672

46,852
41,735
45,445
43,320

31,351
34,539
32,018
36,873

558,479
618,495
564,598
622,039

4,136,085
4,219,727
4,161,218
5,130,577

932,157
889,266

40,220
47,328
53,156
52,815

948,324
991,564
1,020,874
1,117,682

33,009
43,465
29,236
38,772

1,235,156

359,095

1,672,017

1,136,484

338,202

1,547,440

34,803 614,428
37,414 635,808
30,772 615,251
25,035 463,664

4,791,398
4,877,826
4,229,402
2,995,935

1,174,808

313,316

3,705,516
3,125,819
3,636,032

401,633

1,561,848 j 34,215 443,261
32,456 447,226
| 38,120 529,162
j
1,784,551 |
;

124

70

127

103

145

i

241

82

84

103
109

1,271,525

1,061,696

93

231

71
161

331,849

105

101

73

145

849,199

1,452,962

168

83

125

46,750
39,764
45,411
42,386

1,303,255

99

94
91

1,013,719

1,590,625

128
151

321

87
100

140

328,725

144

73

1,179,823

85

217

81

131

272

48

September .
October
November..
December..
1922.
January...
February..
March
April

90

135

54

118

145

291

95
105

95

337

105

94

125

119

101

129

102
104

146

633,634 4,528,761
593,832 3,536,118
42,127 753,240 4,373,779
37,811 663,578 3,774,900
35,034

280

105

32,265
25,635
32,967

T

i Stocks held by manufacturers and dealers reported by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Production of manufactured tobacco and snuff, cigars
and cigarettes by the U.S. Treasury Department, Bureau of Internal Revenue; Crop production by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates
Exports of leaf tobacco by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
J

Held by manufacturers and dealers on first day of each quarter. Yearlyfiguresare quarterly averages.
Represents the total of plug, twist,fine-cut,smoking tobacco, and snuff.
The Internal Revenue reports the number of large cigars, i. e., those weighing over three pounds per thousand, and the number of small cigars weighing less than
the above amount. Likewise they report the number of large and small cigarettes, the former weighing more than three pounds per thousand. Large cigars and small;
cigarettes represent more than 90 per cent of the total number manufactured in each case and are the only ones given in this table.
* Yearlyfigureson crop production represent the latest estimates as reported by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates. The
onthlyfiguresfor 1920 and 1921 are the current monthly estimates of total production.
3
4




104

TRANSPORTATION—WATER.
Table 65.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.*
[Base year numbers in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
CARGO TRAFFIC THROUGH CANALS.
Sault
Ste.
Marie
Canal.'

Panama Canal.3
YEAR AND
MONTH.

In
American
vessels.

In
British

vessels.

Total
cargo.

Relative to 1915.

State
Canals.8

Total
cargo.

Total
cargo.

New
York

Entered.

Ameri- Foreign.
can.

100
39
67

100
71

100
63

154

1918 mo. av...
1919 mo. av...
1920 mo. av...
1921 mo. av...

96
126
208
237

1920.
January
February
March.. .
April

Cleared.

American.

Total.

Foreign.

j

Under
construction.*

Completed.'

Total.

Relative

Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1913.

1913 jno-fl-v
1914 mo. av..
1915 mo. av...
1916 mo. av...
1917 mo. av...

SHIPBUILDING.

V E S S E L S I N FOREIGN TRADE.

to 1920.

Relative
to 1919.

144

1OO
69
89
115
113

1OO
80
71
62
50

1OO
88
113
129
141

1OO
93
85
86
74

1OO
91
92
97
92

1OO
80
107
123
133

1OO
93
87
90
76

1OO
90
93
99
92

9
8
5
8
21

119
85
129
169

154
141
192
236

107
86
88
54

45
48
55
56

131
155
228
221

65
63
79

82
86
120
117

125
167
227
201

68
68
87
84

84
95
126
116

1OO
53

62
1OO
67
30

244
216
244
264

116
101
125
129

220
192
114
213

5

127
142
179
179

47
51
56
57

68
72
89
89

155
136
163
200

60
50
63
61

87
74
91
100

59
69
82
108

72
75
79
72

July
August... .

312
218
238
294

153
147
142
173

239
205
218
255

85
107
116
125

53
91
124
100

223
256
264
293

74
102
108
111

114
142
150
159

218
256
264
289

75
97
112
121

115
141
154
166

120
118
113
116

53
72
61
73

September
October..
November
December

279
237
217
259

168
179
188
183

248
243
242
264

118
130
95
15

114
98
76

265
273
275
257

105
101
85
83

147
146
135
129

274
280
264
223

109
116
89
91

155
162
138
128

107
107
104
97

74
65
61
50

250
239
209
203

230
146
221
169

274
234
266
223

10

213
195
202
212

67
61
69
73

106
97
104
107

175
161
168
203

76
66
74
74

104
93
100
112

92
85
78
64

60
32
42
34

July
August.

228
187
173
209

126
106
131
110

195
171
174
206

62
81
82
75

49
83
97
91

210
226
221
245

88
91
97
101

120
124
128
139

162
237
201
206

90
96
104
100

112
137
131
129

56
50
45
44

31
47
24
22

September
October
November
December

211
210
195
188

114
200
129
190

185
242
210
234

65
67
33
10

124
91
121
17

228
232
247
217

85
79
72
71

122
119
118
109

247
216
220
195

90
83
68
80

134
120
110
112

38
32
28
26

26
14
18
13

1922.
January
February
March
April .

198
208

151
151

198
206

167
156
181

59
70
80

88
93
107

164
148
174

60
67
83

89
90
108

23
12
17

15
11
2

May

,

1921.
February
March
April
May

May •

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1 Panama Canal traffic reported by The Panama Canal; Tonnage entered and cleared in foreign trade, XT. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic
Commerce; Vessels under construction and vessels completed, U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Navigation; Sault Ste. Marie Canal traffic, U. S. War Department,
Engineer Corps, New York State canal traffic from New York State Superintendent of Public Works.
2
Represents tonnage of cargo carried by commercial vessels. Yearly figures refer tofiscalyears ending June 30.
3 Figures for 1913 to 1921 represent monthly averages for eight months during which the canals are usually open.
4
Tonnage under construction refers to the gross tons of shipping, building or under contract to build for private owners. Does not include Government ships or ships
building or contracted for by U. S. Shipping Board.




105

TRANSPORTATION—WATER.
Table 66.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
VESSELS IN FOREIGN TRADE.

CARGO TRAFFIC THROUGH CANALS.
New
Sault Ste.
York
Marie8
State
Canal.
Canals.?

P a n a m a Canal.2
YEAR AND
MONTH.

In
American
vessels.

In
British
vessels.

Total
cargo.

Long tons.

Total
cargo.

Total
cargo.

Entered.

Cleared.
Underconstruction.<

AmeriForeign,
can.

Total.

Ameri- Foreign,

1,174
1,033
1,333
1,512
1,658

3,264
3,028
2,768
2,803
2,416

4,440
4,061
4,101
4,315
4,074

1,250
1,000
1,340
1,537
1,666

3,233
3,017
2,826
2,895
2,467

4,483
4,017
4,166
4,433
4,133

166
177
203

1,538
1,828
2,678
2,592

2,121
2,064
2,667
2,590

3,659
3,892
5,344
5,182

1,563
2,083
2,836
2,507

2,184
2,189
2,816
2,704

3,748
4,271
5,653
5,211

1,494
1,674
2,104
2,100

1,523
1,668
1,837
1,870

3,016
3,342
3,940
3,970

1,933
1,702
2,040
2,504

1,950
1,628
2,041
1,961

407,371
257,843
588,214

174,856
229,907
378,928
431,613

217,973
156,412
235,856
310,161

627,669
576,385
781,208
961,601

10,710
8,529
8,809
5,362

1920.
January...
February..
March
April

445,074
392,995
444,178
481,697

211,856
186,093
229,582
235,709

894,628
780,488
466,043
867,521

537

May
June
July
•August....

568,508
396,877
434,619
535,754

280,306
269,390
260,703
316,497

974,919
834,421
886,814
1,040,740

8,421
10,648
11,577
12,425

115
197
268
217

2,620
3,005
3,108
3,444

2,430
3,320
3,539
3,611

5,050
6,325
6,647
7,055

2,730
3,199
3,303
3,616

September.
October...
November.
December.

508,660
431,987
396,372
472,526

307,941
328,812
343,902
334,890

1,009,557
991,066
984,910
1,076,539

11,748
13,000
9,420
1,505

247
214
164

3,114
3,209
3,235
3,024

3,427
3,281
'2,771
2,724

6,541
6,491
6,006
5,748

January...
February..
March
April

456,430
435,024
381,256
369,693

421,485
268,430
404,396
310,252

1,117,053
952,904
1,084,563
907,§13

957

2,506
2,293
2,373
2,490

2,199
1,999
2,246
2,368

May
June
July
August

415,794
341,235
316,221
380,367

230,217
194,407
239,850
202,004

792,735
694,720
708,982
839,273

6,155
8,079
8,139
7,498

105
179
211
197

2,463
2,654
2,593
2,885

September.
October
November.,
December..

384,101
383,083
356,019
343,185

209,475
367,495
236,625
349,270

754,894
985, 775
855,440
953,053

6,482
6,652
3,265
1,031

198
262
37

360,282
380,124

277,293
276,073

807,298
838,074

1918 mo.
1919 mo.
1920 mo.
1921 mo.

av.
av.
av.
av.

Gross tons.T

372
297
265
232
185

183,376
130,888
282,813

av.
av.
av. 182,325
70,738
av.
av.
122,977

Completed.'

Total.

Thousands of net tons. •

Thousands of short tons.
9,965
6,921
8,911
11,486
11,227

1913 mo.
1914 mo.
1915 mo.
1916 mo.
1917 mo.

SHIPBUILDING.

31,881
26,354
18,760
27,118
75,112

613,617

218,549
351,158
235,945
105,973

3,883
3,331
4,081
4,465

679,171
791,911
947,193
1,252,096

253,579
261,959
278,214
251,442

2,436
3,142
3,616
3,930

5,166
6,341
6,919
7,546

1,391,341
1,360,643
1,306,956
1,335,721

185,053
251,539
214,840
257,765

3,422
3,500
3,302
2,786

3,514
3,757
2,868
2,949

6,935
7,257
6,171
5,735

1,236,547
1,236,277
1,206,486
1,123,946

259,611
226,603
213,957
176,781

4,705
4,292
4,619
4,859

2,191
2,017
2,098
2,536

2,455
2,149
2,396
2,474

4,646
4,167
4,494
5,010

1,067,293
977,903
901,229*
734,904

208,967
111,609
145,852
120,508

2,861
2,962
3,164
3,287

5,324
5,616
5,757
6,172

2,114
3,059
2,513
2,582

2,910
3,094
3,362
3,223

5,024
6,153
5,875
5,805

645,224
581,631
519,564
513,863

109,393
164,335
84,918
78,415

2,676
2,718
2,895
2,553

2,759
2,577
2,350
2,306

5,435
5,295
5,245
4,859

3,092
2,702
2,748
2,434

2,903
2,696
2,200
2,586

5,995
4,949
5,021

439,735
365,686
319, 426
296,944

89,709
50,265
61,599
46,108

1,963
1,832
2,127

1,931
2,295
2,626

3,894
4,127
4,753

2,051
1,856
2,181

1,935
2,169
2,684

4,025
4,864

260,599
134,000
197,011

52,764
38,000
6,203

1,155,691

1921.

1922.
January...,
February...
March
April
May..
June..

See footnotes on opposite page also.
Includes ocean-going, lake and river vessels built and officially numbered by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Navigation. Includes vessels of the U. S.
Shipping Board and private American owners, but not vessels built for foreign owners.
« Net ton represents 100 cubic feet internal carrying capacity after prescribed allowances for crew and engine space.
7
Gross toa represents in units of 100 cufiic feet the entire cubical capacity of the vessel, including crew and engine space.
8
About two-thirds of this traffic is through the Erie Canal and one-third through the Champlain Canal. Figures for 1913 to 1921 represent monthly averages for seven
months, during which the canals are usually open.
6




106

FREIGHT-CAR MOVEMENT.
Table 67.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page. ]

SURPLUS

YEAR AND MONTH.

Box
oars*

Coal
cars.

BADORDER
CARS.*

SHORTAGE.*

Total
cars.*

Box
cars.

Coal
cars.

Total
cars.1

Grain
and
grain
products.

Live
stock.

Relative
t o 1913.

Relative to 1919.

1916 monthly a v . . .
1917 monthly a v . . .
1918 monthly a v . . .
1919 monthly a v . . .
1920 monthly a v . . .
1921 monthly a v . . .

Total.

AVERAGE LOADINGS PER WEEK.

Coal.

Forest
products.

Ore.

Merchandise
L.C.L., Total.*
and
miscellaneous.

Relative to 1919.

May
June
July

1OO
616
11

467
217
1OO
339
8

88
89
94
111
108
205

100
89
113

1OO
91
88

100
110
87

1OO
106
84

100
118
46

1OO
103
96

100
106
94

292
200
275
208

530
459
468
589

377
282
362
317

102
98
102
109

98
90
81
69

110
90
89
79

113
102
106
91

102
106
113
108

26
32
40
43

98
94
101
87

102
97
101
88

(*)

1920.
January
February
March..
April.

100
3
204

(*)

«

1
4

(6)
(*)

(6)
2

(•)
(»)

301
333
314
418

754
907
1,073
1,070

438
509
520
609

74
82
87
102

93
83
81
83

95
102
109
118

113
111
103
119

124*
186
190
197

97
98
126
113

101
106
109
120

217
96
15
4

570
656
264
51

332
229
81
16

112
98
90
89

94
102
107
86

111
127
121
122

110
109
99
85

213
201
117
46

111
115
101
91

118
124
109
98

3
2

103
94
95
86

96
86
79
82

99
84
75
74

79
94
90
84

24
24
18
15

79
84
93
95

85
85
87
87

98
104
145
154

81
83
73
84

89
-88
82
88

87
88
73
79

63
78
81
85

96
97
95
103

95
95
94
101

142
130
97
108

91
112
96
88

92
111
87
74

82
92
86
79

76
57
21
15

108
118
99
90

105
116
94
85

129
131
106

99
88
55

95
108
74

86
88
93

12
11
14

89
92
105

12
36
100
13
179

347
153
1OO
227
6

4
3
3
4
1

8
36
100
19
156

(6)
1

3
42
182

2
23

1
2
26
108

1921.
January...
February
March
April..

218
211
208
217

120
229
337
303

171
218
262
255

2
2

3

1

May..
June
July
August

189
178
113
84

218
215
214
173

208
197
170
130

1
1
20
3

1
5
2
2

1
3
16
3

September...
October
November
December

51
28
139
233

130
43
176
293

91
42
149
248

13
28
1

3
103
None
1

15
46
1

1922.
January. .
February..
March
April

161
116
108

193
129
96

175
129
109

CO
^

2

CO

September
October
November .
December

] 1

1
2
2

(5)

3
2
2

93
113
112
115
111
111
115
121
127
141
161
179
205
226
235
249
248
241
229
212

208
219
222
212

May
June




See footnotes on opposite page.

92
96
103

107

FREIGHT-CAR MOVEMENT.
Table 68.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources*1
[Base year in bold-laced type; index numbers'on opposite page.]

SURPLUS.'

YEAR AND MONTII.

Box
cars.

Coal
cars.

BADORDER
CARS.*

SHORTAGE.'

Total
cars.'

Box
cars.

Coal
cars.

Total
cars.3

Total.

AVERAGE LOADINGS PER WEEK.

Grain
and
grain
products.

Live
stock.

Coal.

Forest
products.

Ore.

Merchandise
L.C.L., Total.*
and
miscellaneous.

Number of cars.
1916 monthly av
1917 monthly a v . . .
6,437
1918 monthly a v . . .
29,251
1919monthly a v . . . 82,135
1920 monthly a v . . .
15,985
1921 monthly a v . . . 127,982
1920.
January—.
February
March
April

132,374
23,592
68,680
75,605 189,396
1,981
24,194
154,499 339,026

65,901
28,964
18,991
43,148
1,146

i 112,934
52,360
4,200 24,174
25,868
82,056
444
1,896

134,711
141,961
167,700
163,676
308,717

38,973
34,829
44,066

32,955 176,695
30,105 193,787
28,858 153,672

56,828 37,434 472,495 801,616
60,476
44,142 485,104 850,923
47,928 I 17,367
455,916 754,717

350
362
777
3,597

347
165
145
1,723

7,203
4,838
5,580
7,586

55,543
37,953
52,319
39,508

22,254
19,282
19,651
24,736

91,201
68,204
87,600
76,683

153,995
147,999
153,727
164,660

38,371
35,083
31,503
26,791

36,231
29,615
29,488
25,967

198,792
179,801
187,502
160,115

57,980
9,843
60,390 ; 11,832
64,336 ; 14,794
61,300
16,203

463,138
445,586
478,528
411,056

815,793
775,170
812,105
709,332

266
42
None.
16

247
92
331
236

1,853
788
1,584
1,022

57,242
63,155
59,613
79,428

31,681
38,095
45,059
44,927

105,807
123,035
125,810
147,309

139,786
170,493
168,589
174,371

29,021
32,067
34,060
39,663

30,610
27,262
26,622
27,468

168,271
180,705
193,236
209,069

64,112
62,815
58,259
67,396

46,526
69,811
70,986
73,822

457,445
464,184
594,237
531,565

805,946
851,377
870,237
963,455

September.
October....
November..
December..

54
2,107
34,756
149,487

1,521
107
1,786
17,067

1,916
3,856
49,695
204,408

41,198
18,295
2,795
731

23,930
27,549
11,091
2,159

80,141
55,412
19,673
2,808

166,148
167,965
174,276
182,097

43,707
38,064
34,978
34,645

30,879
33,697
35,169
28,247

195,651
223,792
213,237
215,271

62,679
61,682
56,489
48,276

79,586
75,219
43,953
17,123

522,640
545,670
478,272
428,922

949,597
995,095
877,176
785,798

1921.
January
February
March
,
April

179,219
173,520
171,119
178,037

90,685
172,850
255,055
229,443

324,186
413,450
495,904
492,352

306
468
26
87

108
71
8

810
650
123
276

191,234
213,180
243,586
270,319

40,235
36,758
37,208
33,455

31,638
28,377
26,166
26,993

174,968
149,092
131,951
131,314

44,739
53,406
51,070
47,578

8,866
8,873
6,677
5,730

372,517
397,519
438,447
448,422

683,651
698,627
698,156

May....
June—
July....
August.

155,040
146,298
93,013
69,238

165,102
162,537
161,723
130,596

394,040
373,791
321,781
246,740

187
3,710
641

50
310
83
67

339
309,971
663 ;| 341,337
3,905
354,611
739
376,417

38,214
40,582
56,585
59,973

26,652
27,486
23,979
27,643

157,122
155,001
145,420
155,376

49,463
49,880
41,558
45,010

23,684
29,069
30,389
31,769

455,605
456,036
448,886
487,854

758,438
762,827
750,717
812,265

September.
October
November..
December..

42,093
22,628
113,874
191,707

98,048
33,643
132,692
221,614

172,420
80,203
282,926
470,516

2,478
5,301
264
24

142
4,339
None
37

3,621
11,219
302
110

374,087
364,372
345,201
320,292

55,272
50,478
37,998
42,032

29,907
36,834
31,524
29,100

162,882
196,206
154,434
130,297

46,443
52,392
48,846
44,752

28,554
21,490
7,830
5,470

512,322
559,386
469,524
424,479

840,318
929,022
756,624
682,869

330,681
245,100
206,746

546
373
255

100
77

642
599
423

313,190
331,050
334,628
320,083

50,460
51,199
41,184

32,568
29,113
18,092

168,720
190,126
131,116

48,960
50,124
52,734

4,410
4,151
5,250

421,722
486,143
495,258

734,442
768,741
827,400

May....
June...
July....
August.

1922.
January
February
March
April

I
132,174
95,361
88,491

145,913
97,634
72,566

May..
June..
i Data from the American Railway Association.
* At end of month, exclusive of Canadian roads. The Association reports the number of freight cars which are idle (surplus) and also the number of requests for cars
which can not be filled (shortage). The difference between these two figures represents the net freight car situation for the country as a whole. The car shortages can not
ordinarily be filled from the idle cars because of the uneven geographical distribution of the latter.
*Includes other classes than groups listed.
* Total includes coke shipments in addition to commodity groups listed.
* Index number less than 1.
* Number of railroad freight cars in need of repairs on first day of each month. Note that 1913 is the base year, having a monthly average of 150,909 cars in need of
repairs.




108
RAILWAY OPERATIONS.
Table 69.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government

sources.1

[ Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page. ]

TON-MILE OPERATION.

YEAR AND MONTH.
Freight.

Passenger.

Total
operating.

PASSENGER-MILE
OPERATION.

THE PULLMAN COMPANY.

Tons carried Receipts per
lmile.
ton-mile.

REVENUES.

Passengers
Carried
1 mile.

Passengers
carried.

NET TOTAL. OP- RAILWAY
ERATING OPERATING
EXPENSES. INCOME.*

Relative to 1913.
average..
average..
average..
average..

100
94
101
121

1OO
94
93
102

1OO
95
101
118

1OO
96
95
109

1OO
89
117
146

100
96
*92
•144

100
100
100
99

3 1OO
3 102
3 129
102

»1OO
3 105
'98
112

1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average.

133
163
168
204
185

120
150
171
186
167

132
161
169
203
182

131
184
203
267
211

136
96
72

128
133
121
137
105

100
118
135
146
177

117
126
137
138
110

130
116
150
158
126

1920.
January..
February..
March
April

176
169
183
152

160
143
161
162

196
166
180
158

229
229
231
220

100
(5)
25

127
120
139
104

135
137
137
136

124
112
125
126

151
136
155
156

May....
June
July....
August.

178
192
201
209

172
187
214
231

179
194
207
218

241
264
283
375

139
140
148
156

133
135
134
130

133
147
170
177

163
175
188
199

September..
October
November..
December..

248
272
247
219

226
198
185
200

243
252
232
216

280
290
283
281

133
145
85
6

150
156
137
127

161
171
175

152
133
125
129

165
144
130
133

1921.
January...
February..
March
April

184
161
181
172

183
154
169
158

184
159
180
170

243
212
220
207

51
49

109
91
98
94

177
186
186

119
101
108
100

128
111
129
118

May
June
July....
August.

177
182
178
200

163
173
189
190

174
181
181
198

209
210
200
210

62
86
116
151

103
103
104
111

174
178
174
179

105
114
129
128

123
134
140
143

September.
October
November..
December..

200
226
193
163

175
154
144
154

195
210
182
167

208
219
203
192

146
176.
Ill
86

113
134
107
94

179
175
179
172

117
103
94
101

139
120
108
113

156
166

145
128

155
157

186
179

49
80

99
104

162
160

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly

1922.
January
February
March
April
May..
June.




See footnotes on opposite page.

118
102
114

109

RAILWAY OPERATIONS.
Table 70.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[ Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

REVENUES.

Y E A B AND MONTH.

Freight.

Passenger. Total operating.

TOTAL
OPERATING EXPENSES.

TON-MILE OPERATION.
NET
RAILWAY
OPERATING
Receipts
INCOMES.* Tons carried
per
lmile.
ton-mile.

PULLMAN
COMPANY.

Passengers
carried 1
mile.

Passengers
carried.

Thousands of
tons.

Thousands of dollars.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly

PASSENGER-MILE
OPERATION.

Cents.

Thousands.

Number.

average..
average..
average..
average..

8176,916

$57,548

$355,139

$131,732

$59,900

241,608
256,630
302,104

173,916
171,926
198,031

53,451
70,002
87,265

0.719
.723
.722
.707

3 2,072,018

54,230
53,798
58,980

27,338,294
26,163,146
* 25,232,208
* 31,126,359

' 2,822,922

165,943
178,864
214,784

3 2,880,582
3 3,649,161
2,882,163

«2,182,396
3 2,021,039
2,326,425

1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

236,177
288,183
296,4)10
360,304
326,931

68,935
86,056
98,334
107,285
96,156

337,539
410,549
432,005
518,785
463,981

238,184
334,767
368,287
485,861
383,351

81,232
57,759
43,024
4,846
51,248

34,942,744
36,409,975
33,033,629
37,411,868
28,705,869

.715
.849
.973
1.052
1.274

3,289,738
3.556,382
3,863,192
3,904,056
3,110,759

2,691,212
2,397,260
3,112,128
3,271,282
2,600,416

January...
February..
March
April

311,566
299,213
324,599
268,813

91,874
82,571
92,632
92,964

500,839
424,591
460,187
402,282

416,418
416,458
420,450
400,419

May....
June
July....
August.

314,148
340,336
356,091
369,580

98,901
107,383
123,218
132,904

457,559
494,714
529,150
555,522

September..
October
November..
December..

438,882
480,375
436,891
386,564

129,857
113,902
106,652
114,830

January...
February..
March
April......

324,935
284,217
320,694
304,730

May....
June
July . . .
August.
September.
October
November.
December..

1920.
59,640
16,852
14,773
5
23,744

34,764,807
32,695,352
37,991,269
28,530,657

.985
.986
.981

3,501,000
3,174,000
3,529,902
3,551,811

3,123,177
2,811,439
3,221,630
3,226,863

437,830
480,500
514,254
682,315

5 5,430
5 15,240
5 12,053
5 158,583

37,902,007
38,157,869
40,450,094
42,706,838

.954
.970
.960
.936

3,760,702
4,149,434
4,785,323
4,988,019

3,385,470
3,618,050
3,892,896
4,126,186

618,926
641,827
592,054
550,580

509,720
526,544
513,614
510,769

79,676
86,641
50,964
3,302

40,999,843
42,562,687
37,458,630
34,722,365

1.154
1.226
1.255
1.217 "

4,294,113
3,761,875
3,518,107
3,640,548

3,422,673
2,974,833
2,692,723
2,759,442

105,203
88,463
97,312
90,698

470,389
406,496
459,263
433,357

442,196
384,646
400,429
375,699

1,526
5 5,165
30,695
29,249

29,824,391
24,913,294
26,825,588
25,578,883

1.215
1.274
1.335
1.334

3,358,000
2,857.000
3,056,000
2,832,811

2,657,771
2,307,168
2,633,365
2,443,961

313,057
322,073
314,611
353,307

93,517
99,784
108,865
109,175

444,875
461,562
462,849
505,508

380,041
380,927
362,841
382,279

37,081
51,641
69,299
90,241

28,218,768
38,140,661
28,412,404
30,381,958

1.251
1.278
1.254
1.288

2,969,406
3,214,896
3,637,499
3,622,956

2,553,188
2,774,177
2,903,775
2,970,079

354,053
400,710
342,025

100,680
88,844
82,656
88,670

497,655
535,296
465,497
425,022

377,108
397,203
368,013
348,880

87,174
105,453
66,198
51,588

30,821,944
36,506,565
29,139,115
25,706,855

1.288
1.261
1.284
1.237

3,291,820
2,910,493
2,656,590
2,844,671

2,890,136
2,476,852
2,245,621
2,349,099

276,473
294,473

83,720
73,585

394,941
401,427

337,269
324,501

29,476
47,771

27,099,000
28,348,000

1,164
1,152

2,698,888

2,444,584
2,111,766
2,356,701

5

1921.

1922.
January...
February.
March
April
May..
June.
1
Data on revenues and expenses, from the Interstate Commerce Commission, represent Class I roads, those having annual operating revenues in excess of $1,000,000;
data on ton-mile and passenger-mile operation are from the Bureau of Railway Economics; Pullman passenger traffic furnished by The Pullman Co.
' N e t railway operating income includes net operating revenue (equal to the difference between total operating revenue and total operating expenses) from which
there have been deducted railway tax accruals, uncollectible railway revenues, equipment and joint facility rents.
3 Fiscal year ending June 30, of year indicated.
* These figures are from Interstate Commerce Commission reports.
* Deficit.




110
RETAIL TRADE.
Table 71.—INDEX NUMBEBS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[ Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page. ]
MAIL-ORDER
HOUSES.
MontSears,
Roebuck gomery
Ward
& Co.
& Co.

YEAR AND MONTH.

TEN-CENT STORES.
F. W.
Woolworth
Co.

S. S.
Kresge
Co.

McCrory
Stores
Corp.

S. H.
Kress
& Co.

MISCELLANEOUS.
J. C.
Penney
Co.

United
Cigar
Stores
Co.

Owl
Drag
Co.

156
American DepartWholement
sale Corp. stores.

Relative to 1913.

13
Grocery
chains.

Relative to 1919.

1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly average

100
106
118
154
187

1OO
103
124
156
185

1OO
105
115
131
148

1OO
121
158
199
227

1OO
91
104
126
146

1OO
110
115
140
164

1OO
135
183
319
564

1OO
101
105
121
145

1OO
111
112
117
136

1OO
95
101
132
152

1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthlv averace.
1921 monthly average

208
270
266
186

192
250
259
192

162
180
213
223

274
322
387
421

178
213
266
267

196
234
269
268

811
1,092
1 623
1,767

176
210
269
257

174
205
253
270

156
216
233
213

100.0
117 9
111.6

100.0
137 5
116.2

370
354
345
274

a 333
«333
»333
275

154
148
197
195

276
269
369
362

196
183
251
251

181
181
276
274

747
718
1,103
1,299

220
217
246
251

226
212
232
219

360
275
244
192

107.2
85.7
120.5
117.3

128.8
125.6
145.1
149.8

222
198
210
204

251
283
272
234

205
196
204
201

365
365
363
366

244
241
267
256

246
268
232
248

1,690
1,656
1,492
1,550

277
265
280
263

226
232
245
251

154
171
341
323

124.9
119.9
91.3
88.8

146.0
142.8
151.9
134.7

204
253
321
241

248
262
139
304

199
240
225
390

364
410
421
708

255
271
272
508

258
295
274
491

2,127
2,519
2,264
2,333

276
308
270
358

268
286
258
381

245
185
183
130

106.6
131.8
136.8
183.7

132.7
133.1
131.5
128.3

196
176
252
206

173
165
223
195

151
166
214
199

291
314
420
398

201
210
263
245

197
206
276
240

1,255
1,243
1,698
1,696

242
232
260
263

264
249
266
258

237
198
219
165

103.8
88.5
116.9
112.5

115.5
109.1
119.2
112.1

154
139
134
157

176
206
131
166

203
195
195
211

383
384
370
390

228
229
233
252

244
251
231
244

1,732
1,745
1,497
1,526

256
251
254
250

249
263
273
271

151
160
238
286

112.6
111.1
79.7
82.7

111.3
108.7
106.8
114.3

186
218
203
214

192
230
229
224

205
261
238
438

389
470
461
786

240
278
271
546

239
304
266
530

1,940
2,422
2,220
2,245

253
271
245
309

260
290
261
331

313
253
198
134

95.0
130.6
123.5
182.8

110.4
126.2
125.7
134,9

178
156
198

169
175
243

172
183
215

326
341
406

216
235
270

182
204
238

984
1,089
1,433

199
194
244

246
236
265

229
132
163

91.2
81.7

128.0
118.9

1920.
February
March
April

. ..

May
July
August

...

September
October
N ovember •
D«revmber
1921.
February.
April
May
July
August
September
October
December

1922.
January
February
March
April .
May
June




i

1

See footnotes on opposite page.

Ill

RETAIL TRADE.
Table 72.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page. ]
MAIL-ORDER
HOUSES.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Sears,
Roebuck
& Co.

Montgomery
Ward
& Co.

TEN-CENT STORES.

F.W.
Woolworth
Co.

S.S.
Kresge
Co.

McCrory
Stores
Corp.

S.H.
Kress &
Co.

MISCELLANEOUS.

J.C.
Penney

United
Cigar

Owl

Stores
Co.

Drug
Co.

American
Wholesale
Corp.

Co.

Thousands of dollars.
1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average...
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average...
1917 monthly average..

£7,965

£3,310

£5,519

3,420
4,109
5,170
6,126

5,801
6,333
7,257
8,174

£1,105
1,341
1,745
2,200
2,508

£450
411
468
566
655

£898
991
1,036
1,255
1,469

£220
297
402
701
1,240

£2,465

8,427
9,389
12,237
14,856

2,492
2,587
2,985
3,576

£325
360
364
381
443

£1,366
1,303
1,380
1,807
2,071

1918 monthly average...
1919 monthly average...
1920 monthly average...
1921 monthly average...

16,544
21,494
21,217
14,835

6,347
8,278
8,562
6,371

8,931
9,958
11,741
12,299

3,026
3,556
4,270
4,655

800
957
1,197
1,200

1,763
2,104
2,415
2,409

1,778
2,398
3,569
3,887

4,336
5,172
6,637
6,339

566
667
823
879

2,130
2,944
3,188
2,905

January...
February.
March
April

29,491
28,202
27,478
21,824

2 11,020
* 11,020
»11,020
9,112

8,491
8,170
10,853
10,744

3,052
2,974
4,074
4,000

825
1,127
1,129

1,633
1,627
2,481
2,465

1,642
1,577
2,423
2,855

5,428
5,341
6,070
6,195

735
690
753
713

4,913
3,751
3,331
2,616

May
June
July
August..

17,705
15,768
16,743
16,272

8,320
9,380
9,009
7,751

11,320
10,818
11,283
11,070

4,027
4,034
4,012
4,041

1,099
1,082
1,202
1,150

2,210
2,410
2,085
2,227

3,714
3,639
3,278
3,406

6,834
6,525
6,910
6,477

735
755
796
816

2,098
2,340
4,658
4,406

September.
October....
November.
December..

16,276
20,113
25,556
19,177

8,214
4,605
10,050

10,957
13,242
12,428
21,522

4,024
4,532
4,652
7,824

1,147
1,219
1,224
2,283

2,316
2,652
2,459
4,408

4,673
5,536
4,976
5,127

6,807
7,591
6,654
8,816

872
929
8319
1,239

3,345
2,528
2,495
1,773

January...
February.
March
April

15,598
14,003
20,106
16,375

5,722
5,462
7,396
6,464

8,336
9,138
11,831
10,963

3,215
3,468
4,642
4,392

903
946
1,185
1,102

1,773
1,850
2,475
2,159

2,759
2,732
3,732
3,726

5,969
5,713
6,413
6,494

859
810
864
837

3,240
2,702
2,987
2,255

May
June
July
August..

12,239
11,094
10,676
12,477

5,821
6,806
4,329
5,483

11,203
10,741
10,744
11,638

4,232
4,245
4,087
4,311

1,027
1,031
1,048
1,133

2,110
2,255
2,077
2,191

3,806
3,835
3,290
3,354

6,309
6,186
6,263
6,160

810
855

2,057
2,183
3,250
3,912

September.

14,800
17,378
16,186
17,081

6,363
7,604
7,581
7,425

11,327
14,407
13,110
24,155

4,300
5,189
5,098

1,081
1,251
1,220
2,456

2,148
2,731
2,385
4,755

4,263
5,323
4,883
4,938

6,231
6,691
6,029
7,613

846
943
849
1,108

4,276
3,461
2,700
1,831

14,188
12,413
15,801

5,594
5,785
8,031

9,520
10,095
11,847

3,598
3,763
4,481

970
1,056
1,215

1,632
1,835
2,134

2,165
2,395
3,153

4,898
4,794
6,013

798
766
860

3,133
1,806
2,226

1920.

1921.

October....
November.
December..
1922.

January...
February.
March
April
May.
June.

1
This table is submitted in response to a demand for publication of the figures of sales of individual stores, which have been compiled from published reports. These
figures represent money values of sales. On account of the tremendous increase in J. C. Penney Co. sales, this store is not included in our total of 10-cent store sales given
on page 105. The index numbers of sales of 156 department stores and of 13 grocery chains were compiled by the Federal Reserve Board. Data on American
Wholesale Corp. placed here for convenience.
* Separate monthly figures not available.




112

DEPARTMENT STORE SALES.
Table 73—PEBCENTAGE NUMBEBS.1
COMPARISON OF NET SALES WITH CORRESPONDING MONTH OF PRECEDING TEAR, BY FEDERAL
RESERVE DISTRICTS.
Percentage Increase or decrease. (A minus sign [—] denotes decrease.)
YEAR AND MONTH.

Boston

(No.l).

PhilaNew
RichMinne- Kansas Dallas
San
York
delphia Cleveland mond Atlanta Chicago St. Louis apolis
City
Francisco
(No. 2). (No. 3). (No. 4). (No. 5). (No. 6). (No. 7). (No. 8). (No. 9). (No. 10). (No. 11). (No. 12).

1930.

January...
February.
March....
April.....

35
18
38
19

May....
June....
July
August.

21
28
20
11
15
1
11
- 0.4

September.
October
November.
December..

22

-

48

0.3

52

18

29

14

65

38

46

23

27

65

25

38

16

12

18

4

23

33

20

14

35

51

31

11

31

50

11

31

28

34

32

21

24

60

13

24

24

30

16

12

41

16

23

26

21

23

33

21

52

31

4

15

25

8

13

29

12

21

12

25

10

11

3

12

9

26

13

15

18

11

3

15

5

' 3

10

5

1

2

21

26

22

8

• 0.3

16

26

10

6
-

28

14

12

12

2

16

-

9

13

11

5

-

3

- 4

4

-

5

-

1921.

January...
February.
March....
April

7
2
- 2

May....
June
July....
August.

- 5
3
-12
- 5

September.
October
November..
December..

-10
4
- 7
6

- 5

3

4

5

-11

0.4

-12

1

4

6

9

1

-

5

3

-•

3

- 6

-

3

1

-11

-

6

-16

- 1

1

-20

-

3

3

-

-

3

-18

- 9

3

-17

-13

2

-15

-

5

-17

- 4

4

-17

-18

8

-17

—11

-17

- 8

-22

-13

-23

- 6

2

- 5

-

0.4
1

-

-14

- 1

-

-10

- 8

- 6

- 7

- 7

-14

-

-12

-12

-21

-12

-21

-15

17

-22

-11

- 5

- 4

-21

-10

-21

-19

12

-11

-

-15

-24

-16

-23

-15

18

-18

-14

- 3

-15

-

-15

-10

8

-13

-

- 8

-21

-13

-21

-17

9

-18

-14

2

-11

-

-17

- 7

9

-18

-

-12

-22

-17

-19

- 7

-15

-16

-13

-19

- 7

-17

-13

-16

-10

-12

-12

-17

-20

- 8
3

0.4

-12
7

6
5

5

9

-23
7

-17
-26

4

-17

1922.

January ..
February.
March

-8
-

3

-

4

April
May.,
June.

I
i Compiled by the Federal Reserve Board, in cooperation with the National Retail Dry Goods Association, from about 300 department stores.




113

DEPARTMENT STORE STOCKS.
Table 74.—INDEX NUMBERS.
[Base year in bold-faced type ]
VALUE OF STOCKS AT END OF MONTH, B T FEDERAL RESERVE DISTRICTS.*
YEAR AND MONTH.

Boston
(No. 1).
Six months' average, July-Dec., 1920. 100.0

New
York
(No. 2).

PhilaRichdelphia Cleveland mond
(No. 3). (No. 4). (No. 5).

San
Atlanta Chicago St. Louis Minne- Kansas
Dallas
City
apolis
(No. 6). (No. 7). (No. 8). (No. 9). (No. 10). (No. 11). Francisco
(No. 12).

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1919.
September.
October
November.,
December. .

19.5
20.8
20.7
17.9

91.3
1990.
79.1
84.7
95.1
100.2

78.0
87.0
93.4

82.2
90.9
103.7
103.5

92.5
91.6
90.3
98.8

107.9
108.8
103.8
85.8

75.3
79.3
86.1
89.5

84.5
81.0
78.9
80.0

January...
February.
March
April

102.8
106.6

107.8
107.4

May
June
July
August..

103.5
97.8
93.2
97.2

102.0
95.7
95.2
101.7

93.5
90.7
93.8

September.
October
November..
December..

106.4
104.5
109.6
88.9

108.7
109.3
103.3
81.5

January...
February.
March
April

77.6
89.7
84.0
86.3

May
June....
July
August..
September.
October
November..
December..

92.9
95.7

48.1
74.9
82.5
82.5

98.5

103.0

22.9
30.2
38.4
46.7

105.8
96.1
98.5
100.7

95.1
89.7
94.7
99.7

84.2
84.2
91.2
104.5

95.8

99.2
102.3
97.4
100.2

96.7
88.1
95.9
105.3

88.9
108.7

57.5
70.8
86.6
98.9

107.8
112.8
105.6
84.5

111.0
111.1
102.5
76.3

112.8
113.6
105.9
73.3

109.5
111.0
104.4
79.3

106.9
108.8
104.1
84.5

107.1
108.0
103.4
84.0

110.1
108.1
102.6
78.0

115.8
112,3
101. S
72.4

108.3
109.6
105.9
90.7

75.9
80.3
85.0
86.1

72.2
74.4
80.3
83.7

64.0
69.7
75.5
78.7

72.7
77.0
80.4
80.0

77.9
79.0
86.2
85.6

81.7
80.9
88.3
88.4

76.6
77.4
82.2
79.8

77.1
84.9
90.3
91.8

66.7
70.0
76.4
76.8

87.0
88.9
92.9
95.7

87.7
82.8
79.3
85.0

86.2
84.8
80.8
80.2

•81.1
78.8
74.0
79.0

77.3
74.1
72.4
67.3

77.8
75.6
75.2
79.1

82.9
79.5
78.6
84.9

86.8
86.4
83.1
90.9

76.4
72.0
71.5
76.4

87.8
79.8
85.2
95.9

74.1
70.7
69.1
80.8

94.7
87.5
86.9
90.9

88.5
94.0
98.6

95.1
99.7
101.7
85.1

86.1
88.3
88.7
76.4

86.7
88.7
89.3
73.6

78.7
80.8
80.4
72.9

87.8
89.1
89.3
73.3

88.5
91.7
91.2
75.4

97.6
98.1
98.9
81.8

79.5
80.2
79.6
69.3

101.8
102.2
98.0
78.1

86.6
86.9
86.9
65.3

94.7
95.3
96.6
81.0

77.9
81.3

82.0
84.5

76.7
79.2

67.2

59.7
67.2

73.2
79.3

71.6
79.0

73.8
82.1

66.8
70.9

80.5
91.4

65.0

76.5

70.7

84.4

86.6

1921.

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

77.2

May.
June.
i Index numbers calculated from data collected by the Federal Reserve Board in cooperation with the National Retail Dry Goods Association from about 300 department stores, showing percentage changes from month to month. The Federal Reserve Board states that the original material was in dollar amounts, except in districts
3,4,8, and 10, where only percentages were received, and the averages for the districts were computed by weighting according to the volume of business done during 1920.
The percentage changes reporter! by the Federal Reserve Board have been converted into index numbers which show the same corresponding percentage increase or

decrease.
100797°—22




8

114

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT.
Table 75.—(A) INDEX NTJMBEES AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
RETAIL SALES.
Mall-order
houses. 3

Chain
stores. 3

ADVERTISING.
POSTAL
RECEIPTS.

Magazine.*

Newspaper.s

Relative
to 1913.

RETAIL SALES.

Relative
to 1919,

Mall-oider
1

houses.

Chain
stores. 3

ADVERTISING.
POSTAL
RECEIPTS.

Magazine. 4

Newspaper.*

YEAK AND MONTH.

Relative to 1913.

Relative
to 1919.

Thousands of dollars.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

100

100

105
120
154
186

107
120
141
161

74
80

100
95
94
116
122

203
264
264
188

182
208
246
258

93
100
113
113

January..
February.
March....
April

359
348
341
274

176
171
233
230

May....
June
July....
August.

231
223
228
213

September..
October
November..
December..

1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..

Thousands of agate lines.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

87,973

75

911,275
11,847
13,498
17,407
20,982

8,544
9,582
11,278
12,806

110
154
188
120

73
100
114
102

22,891
29,772
30,233
21,206

107
100
125
122

142
191
215
220

108
105
122
120

234
230
233

108
108
101
100

222
208
158
157

217
255
268
259

231
272
452

109
120
115
136

January..
February.,
March....
April

189
173
244
203

179
193
253
234

May....
June
July....
August.

160
159
133
159

September..
October
November..
December..

1918
1919
1920
1921

average..
average..
average..
average..

61,440
62,671

14,520
16,575
19,623
20,561

17,066
18,380
20,688
20,761

1,344
1,890
2,305
1,474

61,067
83,859
95,832
85,951

40,511
39,222
38,498
30,936

14,059
13,596
18,535
18,338

19,659
18,345
23,009
22,441

1,739
2,342
2,627
2,696

90,238
87,999
102,288
100,671

119
117
100
100

26,025
25,148
25,752
24,023

18,656
18,344
18,582
18,488

19,786
19,790
18,486
18,446

2,715
2,545
1,932
1,918

• 99,397
98,122
83,940
83,644

179
202
193
173

111
129
119
116

24,490
28,801
30,161
29,227

18,444
21,645
20,763
36,037

20,034
22,082
21,160
25,020

2,186
2,473
2,36*
2,114

93,285
108,585
99,699
97,285

109
104
124
113

120
129
135
137

101
*9
109
107

21,320
19,465
27,502
22,839

14,227
15,405
20,133
18,616

20,013
19,115
22,723
20,733

1,462
1,580
1,655
1,680

85,107
74,974
91,503
89,991

233
229
225
242

106
107
95
105

140
129
100
90

106
104
88
85

18,060
17,900
15,005
17,960

18,572
18,272
17,956
19,273

19,509
19,752
17,508
19,283

1,713
1,574
1,230
1,105

«88,480
86,970
73,522
71,435

188
222
211
217

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

$13,543
14,611

1,224
1,161
1,147
1,415
1,490

239
296
274
502

111
118
118
145

104
120
124
116

100
116
112
112

21,163
24,982
23,767
24,506

18,856
23,578
21,813
40,052

20,399
21,629
21,750
26,678

1,274
1,467
1,522
1,421

83,837
97,533
93,812
94,257

175
161
211

197
210
247

114
111
132

91
113
124
140

102
90
111

19,782
18,198
23,832

15,720
16,749
19,677

20,903
20,339
24,237

1,112
1,383
1,515
1,717

85,745
75,319
93,285

73

1920.

1921.

1922.
January..,
February.,
March....
April
May..
June.
i Except postal receipts in 51 selected cities reported by the U. S. Post Office Department. Mail-order and chain-store sales are reported directly by the companies or
compiled from the Commercial and Financial Chronicle; magazine advertising as reported by Printers' Ink; newspaper advertising compiled by New York Evening Post.
* Includes Sears, Roebuck & Co. and Montgomery Ward & Co. (details for each store shown on page 111).
* Includes F. W. Wcolworth & Co., S. S. Kresge Co., McCrory, and S. H. Kress & Co. (details for each store shown on page 111).
4
These figures represent the number of lines of advertising carried by the leading magazines dated for the month noted.
5 Compiled from 22 identical cities: New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit, Cleveland, St. Louis, Boston, Baltimore, Los Angeles, Buffalo, San Francisco, Milwaukee,
Washington, Cincinnati, New Orleans, Minneapolis, Indianapolis, Columbus, Louisville, St. Paul, Birmingham, and Houston. For the years 1916 to 1918, no reports were
available for Boston, Louisville, Houston, and Columbus. The totals for those years were computed from the actual reports of the 18 other cities, allowing 13.85 per cent
of the total to the four missing cities, the average ratio of those cities to the total in the subsequent years.
«Estimated figure.




115
LABOR.
Table 76.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type. ]
NEW YORK
STATE
FACTORIES.2

WISCONSIN
FACTORIES.

U.S.
FAC- UNEMTO- PLOYRIES.3 MENT. IMMIGRA-

N u m - Total Number of
ber of Total
paj
pay
ememroll. ployees. roll.
YEAR AND MONTH. ployees.

EMI-

TION.* GRA- NumAver- EmTIONS ber of
Total
ployees Pennpay
weekly on pay sylemvania.
earnployees. roll.
roll.
ings.

Relative to 1915
(first quarter).

Relative to 1914.

NEW YORK
STATE
FACTORIES.2

Relative Relative
Apr.to Jan., toDec. Relative to 1913.
1921.

average.

Thousands.

av..
av..
av..
av..
av..

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

av..
av..
av..
av..

1OO

100

107
141
166

105
128
136

112
160
198

128
120
124
97

210
227
281
241

140
136
135
94

258
284
342
191

130
128
132
130

277
273
296
291

May....
June
July....
August.

128
128
127
124

294
296
291
288

«142
144
142

September.
October
November.
December..

123
121
114
106

284
281
263
241

1921.
January
February...
March
ADril

100
100
99

May....
June
July....
August.
September.
October....
November.
December..

1920.
January
February..
March
April

106
125
146

104
63
39
24

186
209
254
202

15
17
44
49

100

Number.

118,936 50,994
116,923 52,817
36,187 32,015
30,562 20,067
30,240 12,198

7 100

32
35
70

478 $5,942
494
579
604
614
573
594
464

6,377
8,366

11,943

42,181
20,655
30,489

27,794
35,682
39,505
48,728

94,852
103,269
89,224
93,233

1,559 '263,027

16,106
18,019
35,672
34,463

74,066
81,499
83,957
85,431

16,711

17,654
19,752
51,798
57,804

45,407
43,252
54,665
68,761

12,481
13,490

32,506
40,047
34,386
41,935

29,447
29,562
26,236
32,700

I
|
620

38
36

6 147

350

238

41

16,438

614

16,243

46

60

631

17,586

58

56

623

17,303

62

55

613

17,441

«260

69

70

611

17,576

354
379

248

71

77

608

17,307

267

72

138
131
122
113

361
344
306
270

262

80

263

217
214
218
208

100
101.6
98.6
93.1

222
218
213.3
200.6

222

104

214

103

216.4
215.5

96
95
93
93

201
196
189
190

91.5
88.6
89.4
92.0

191.6
177.0
166.8
185.5

209.4

101

91

59

461

11,929

199.7

98

88

49

80

453

11,641

186.7

97

100

39

74

444

11,219

112

41

75

443

11,280

96

1922.
January
February...
March
April
May.
June.

Number
unemployed.

100

98
30
26
25

100

103
121
126

Thousands.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A.-INDEX NUMBERS
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

Thousands of
dollars.

U.S.
FAC- UNEMPLOYTORIES.3 MENT. IMMI- EMIGRAGRATION.* TION.*
Employees Pennsylvania.

194
195
193
198

93.5
94.4
93.9
94.5

179.6
181.6
176.5
179.2

191
195
200

95.6
96.5
99.5

167.9
184.5
186.7

97
100
101

595

17,091

64

588

16,884

87

79

577

16,681

251

75

67

545

15,655

239

78

82

506

14,330

58

467

12,894

58

476

12,734

102

51

480

12,955

101

64

471

12,335

201.6

57

192.0

99

107

41

90

461

11,550

192.4

100

105

39

76

472

11,571

188.0

101

105

38

58

471

11,465

189.7

96

102

26

67

471

11,744

175.6

100

122

19

31

464

11,330

191.2

100

119

15

28

478

11,563

187.6

103

117

12

16

484

11,901

106

1,628
1,613
1,588
1,581

233,645

75,384
67,483
74,147
70,780

1,574
1,527
1,510
1,526

238,625
232,520
263,000
294,985

82,648
57,803
46,367
48,707

30,029
40,950
37,791
38,352

1,545
1,560
1,567
1,493

282,125
276,675
276,345
269,322

48,814
45,975
44,648
30,897

45,752
38,956
29,646
34,130

1,557
1,565
1,605

321,893
313,835
308,540
278,850

22,633
17,643
14,803

15,585
14,423
8,269

T

i Data on New York state factories furnished by the New York State Department of Labor; Wisconsin factories by the Wisconsin Industrial Commission; Number on
pay roll, U. S. factories, from U. S. Department of Labor, Employment Service; Unemployment in Pennsylvania, estimated as of the first of the month on the basis of reliable
statistics, by the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry, Bureau of Employment; Immigration and emigration statistics from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau
of Immigration.
* Figures represent reports from 1,648 firms in New York state employing more than one-third of the factory workers in the state.
• Information is from 1,428 factories, usually employing over 500 workers each.
* Includes total admitted, both immigrants and nonimmigrants.
• Includes total departed, both emigrants and nonemigrants.
«Average for preceding 3 months.
t Nine months' average, March-December.




116

COST OF LIVING.
Table 77.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

FOOD.

YEAR AND MONTH.

CLOTHING.

HOUSING.

FUEL AND
LIGHT.

FURNITURE
MISCELLAAND HOUSE
NEOUS.
FURNISHINGS.

TOTAL.

100.0
105.0
105.0
126.0

100.0
100.0
101.5
102.3

100.0
101.0
101.0
108.4

100.0
104.0
110.6
127.8

100.0
103.0
107.4
113.3

100.0
103.0
105.1
118.3

149.1
205.3
241.6
223.0

100.1
109.2
119.8
143.0

124.1
147.9
151.2
183.4

150.6
213.6
244.3
289.6

140.5
165.8
181.7
204.8

142.4
174.4
188.3
208.5

219.0
178.0

287.5
258.5

134.9
151.1

171.9
194.9

292.7
285.4

201.4
208.2

216.5
200.4

144.7
153.1
150.0

222.6
192.1
184.4

159.0
160.0
161.0

181.6
180.7
181.1

247.7
224.7
218.0

208.8
207.8
206.8

180.4
177.3
174.3

138.7

1917, December
1918, December
1919, av. 2 mos. (June, Dec.)
1920, av. 2 mos. (June, Dec.)

100.0
101.0
104.7
120.0

157.0
187.0
195.5
198.5

1913, average
1914, December
1915, December
1916, December

175.2

160.9

175.8

206.5

203.3

166.9

1920.
Jnne,
December
1921.
May
September
December
1922.
March . . .
June

.

1
Reports compiled by the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Prices represent averages for the month in 32 cities; food prices reported by 15 to 25
dealers i n each city, fuel and light by 10 to 15 firms, including public utilities, i n each city; other quotations secured directly from records. Rentals are based on 250 to
950 houses and apartments in each city and for each item of clothing, furniture and miscellaneous, four quotations are secured in each city (five in New York City).

FARM LABOR.
Table 78.—(A) INDEX NTTMBEKS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Bated on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
WAGES OF MALE FARM LABOR EMPLOYED BY—
Month.
Y E A R AND MONTH.

With
board.

Day, harvest.

Without
board.

With
board.

Without
board.

FARM LABOR.* WAGES OF MALE FARM LABOR EMPLOYED BY—

Day, n o t harvest.
With
board.

Without
board.

Day, harvest.

Month.
Supply.

Demand.

With
board.

Without
board.

With
board.

Without
board.

Day, not harvest.
With
board.

Without
board.

Dollars.

Relative to 1913.
Per cent of normal.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly a v . . .
1914 monthly a v . . .
1915 monthly a v . . .
1916 monthly a v . . .

1OO
98
99
109

1OO
99
99
108

1OO
99
99
108

100
98
99
107

1OO
97
97
109

1917 monthly a v . . .
1918 monthly a v . . .
1919 monthly a v . . .
1920monthly a v . . .

135
163
186
219

133
161
186
214

132
169
201
229

131
166
197
225

134
178
211
247

135
175
208
239

1921 monthly a v . . .
1922 monthly a v . . .

141

143

143

144

145

148

821.38
21.05
21.26
23.25

1OO
97
98
108

1

72.9
84.4
72.4

101.4
101.8
105.3

95.2
99.5

87.5
89.3

Data from U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates.




$30.31
29.88
30.15
32.83

•1.57
1.55
1.56
1.69

81.94
1.91
1.92
2.07

81.16
1.13
1.13
1.26

81.50
1.45
1.47
1.62

28.87
34.92
39.82
46.89

40.43
48.80
56.29
64.95

2.08
2.65
3.15
3.60

2.54
3.22
3.83
4.36

1.56
2.07
2.45
2.86

2.02
2.63
3.12
3.59

30.14

43.32

2.24

2.79

1.68

2.22

* As of Apr. 1 of yearindicated.




117
COST OF LIVING.
Table 79.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from non-Government sources.1
[Base year figures in bold-faced type.]
Y E A E AND MONTH.

1914, July.
1915,July..
1916, July..
1917, July..

SUNALL ITEMS
FOOD. SHELTER. CLOTH- FUEL AND DRIES. WEIGHTED.
LIGHT.
ING.

100
111
146

1OO
100
102
105

1OO
103
120
143

1OO
102
104
126

1OO
100
104
117

1OO
101
109
131

173
186
205
156

118
129
154
169

185
205
261
166

138
144
168
183

152
164
185
184

159
172
198
167

January...
February.
March
April
,

197
208
200
200

143
145
149
150

270
277
277
288

149
149
149
151

177
178
183
183

190
194
195
197

May....
June
July....
August.,

211
215
219
219

151
151
158
156

287
276
266
258

166
161
166
169

183
185
185
185

September.
October
November..
December..

207
203
198
193

159
159
166
166

255
248
228
205

178
183
200
200

188
190
192
192

199
197
193
190

January..
February.
March....
April

178
172
158
156

166
166
171
171

187
174
174
169

200
198
187
179

192
190
185
185

181
176
169
168

May
June
July
August.

152
145
144
148

171
171
169
169

162
164
159

178
178
179
179

185
185
185
183

166
162
163
162

September.
October
November..
December..

155
153
153
152

169
169

157
160
161
157

179
179
179
179

183
180
178
178

165
164
163
163

150
142
139

169
169
165

156
156
154

178
177
174

178
177
174

161
158
155

100

1918 average for two months...
1919 average for three months..
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average
192O.

202
203
205

1921.

1922.
January...
February .
March....
April
May..
June .

I.

i Compiled by the National Industrial Conference Board, and represent retail prices on the first day of the month, except
food, which is the retail food index of the U. 8. Bureau of Labor Statistics tor the 15th of the preceding month. Beginning with March, 1922, all prices shown are as of the 15th of the month indicated. The index is weighted according
to the estimated consumption of average wage earners before the war, on the following basis: Food 43.1 per cent, shelter
17.7 per cent, clothing 13.2 per cent, fuel and light 5.6 per cent, sundries 20.4 per cent.

118
PRICES.
Table 80.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
WHOLESALE PRICE INDEX NUMBERS.'
(Compiled by U. S. Department of Labor.)
YEAR AND
MONTH.

1913 mo.
1914 mo.
1915 mo.
1916 mo.

av..
av..
av..
av..

1917 mo.
1918 mo.
1919 mo.
1920 mo.
1921 mo.

Farm
products.

Food,
etc.

100

av..
av..
av..
av..
av..

Fuel
Cloths
and
and
clothing. lighting.

Metal
and
metal
products.

FARM PRICES.*

RETAIL
FOOD
House
PRICES.*
Building Chemi- furnish- MiscelAll
cals and
matecommoding
laneous.
drugs.
ities.
rials.
s.

100
96
93
119

1OO
87
97
148

10O

100

94

100
101
114

101

159

115

208
181

188

175
163
173
238
194

124

198

151

221

161

192

179

186

308

210

131

205

167

144
196
236
337
247

253
244
246
270

350
356
356
353

184
187
192
213

177
189
192
195

268
300
325
341

189
197
205
212

244
243
236
222

287
279
268
235

347
335
317
299

235
246
252
268

193
190
191
193

341
337
333
328

September..
October
November..
December..

210
182
165
144

223
204
195
172

278
257
234
220

284
282
258

192
184
170
157

1921.
January
February...
March
April

136
129
125
115

162
150
150
141

208
198
192
186

228
218
207
199

May....
June
July....
August.

117
113
115
118

133
132
134
152

181
180
179
179

September..
October
November..
December..

122
119
114
113

146
142
142
239

1922.
January
February...
March
April

116
126
128

134
138
138

100

100

103
105
122

103
104
126

98
100
128

189
220
234
218
120

176
189
210
236

302

144

1920.
January
February...
March
April

246
237
239
246

May....
June
July
August.

100
99
99

100

1OO

Crops.

1OO

Live
stock.

1OO

102

108

101

111

120

100
101
124

114

123

155

176

146

196

167

217

212

186

236

243

203

156

155

153

206
226
236
244
111

164

193

324
329
329
331

227
227
230
238

248
249
253
265

201
200
200
211

241
252
255
271

173
177
178
181

215
218
217
216

339
362
362

246
247
243
240

272
269
262
250

215
219
219
207

294
309
304
268

177
175
176
172

318
313
274
266

222
216
207
188

371
371
369
346

239
229
220
205

242
225
207
189

203
198
193
178

239
202
163
135

174
166
147
121

152
146
139
138

182
178
171
168

283

221
208
203

274

190
180
167
154

177
167
162
154

172
158
156
152

129
123
120
113

120
117
123
112

194
187
184
182

138
132
125
120

202
202
200
198

166
166
163
161

262
250
235
230

151
150
149
147

151
148
148
152

145
144
148
155

104
109
106
109

109
104
109
113

187
190
186
185

178
182
186
187

120
121
119
119

193
192
197
203

162
162
162
161

223
218
218
218

146
145
145
148

152
150
149
149

153
153
152
150

109
111
98
98

101
98
92
91

183
183
182

183
183
183

117
115
114

202

159
159
159

214
213
213

146
150
153

148
151
152

142
142
139

98
100
112
114

95
108
117

181
239
261

97

202
202

277
275

103
95
111

192
198
168
107

May..
June..
i Wholesale prices and retail food prices from the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; farm prices from the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of
Markets and Crop Estimates.
i The wholesale price index number of the U. 8. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, is based on quotations of 328 commodities. These commodities are
arranged in 9 groups as given in the table. In computing this index, the price of each commodity is weighted by multiplying it by the estimated quantity of that article
marketed in the census year 1909.
»The retail food price index compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics represents the changes in the price of 22 articles of foods as reported by retail dealers in 51 of
the larger cities as of the 15th of the month.
* Farm prices of crops represent the relative average prices to farmers of the 10 leading crops on the first of each month. The live stock farm price index is computed
as of the 15th of each month.




119

WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 81.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on Government data.
[Base year in bold-face type.]
WHOLESALE PRICE INDEX NUMBERS.
Compiled by Federal Reserve Board.1
YEAR AND MONTH.

ConAgricul- Animal
Mineral Total raw Producers' sumer's
Forest
tural
goods.
products. products. products. products. products. goods.

All c o m modities.

All c o m Goods
Goods
imported. exported. modities.

11
27
315
19
80
18
158
19
40
90
quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations.
1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.
1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

100
103
111
128
210

93

100
90
91

96

123

118

100
104
100
119

179

1OO
97

1OO
99
99
118
173

100
95

100

1OO

101

100

102
123
172

100

123

187

100

100

140

100

99

175

240

199

140

176

193

195

201

196

251

218

184

177

211

203

224

214

174

222

211

256

183

333

236

241

235

253

244

191

235

239

133

108

208

187

151

140

161

155

108

136

148

January...
February *
.
March
April

291

213

273

190

239

245

259

248

212

264

248

278
288
304

206

315

194

240

246

256

249

216

260

248

200

348

197

247

246

263

253

218

266

253

196

367

224

260

263

280

265

242

272

267

May....
June
July
August..

314

179

367

234

260

271

285

272

269

186

363

245

261

262

279

268

287

184

359

256

258

251

272

263

259

181

351

265

251

238

250

250

246
226
208
182

271

301

September.
October
November.
December..

232

186

344

277

248

224

240

242

191

172

339

272

230

209

224

225

170

139

289

246

205

193

214

207

155

132

283

224

187

175

196

155

119

245

220

175

182

177

145

114
116
106

225

207

155

171

167

210

197

164
157
149

149

168

162

143

159

154

188
182
177
175

149
145
145
145

140
137
134
132

153
152
153
162

151
148
148
152

105

172

146
145

160
158
157
155

151
153
153

1920.

265

262

256

254

236

240

164

219

232

142

187

214

127

168

196

112

151

179

114
113
114
109

147

168

140

157

129

152

1921.

January...
February.
March
April

136
126

May
June
July
August..

131

September.
October....
November.,
December..

205

205

123

104
102
109
112

200

142
134
129
129

104
105
103
102

194
193
200
208

129
139
141

107
116
118

207
207
207

125
122

204
203

178

145
146

133
133
130
130

176
176
176

147
153
153

127
127
128

176
178

125

146

104

129
126
126
127

145
142
145
146

152
150
149
149

106
107
108
111

149
146
143
141

146
145
145
142

148
151
152

110
110
111

139
142
144

142

102
103

1922.

January..
February.
March
April

146
147

May.
June.
1
First eight columns comprise data composing wholesale price index numbers of the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, as reclassified by the Federal
Reserve Board into the groupings as shown. The weights are the same as those used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the total of all commodities is, therefore, the same.
Data in the last three columns are original compilations of the Federal Reserve Board constructed for the purpose of international price comparisons; basic prices are
obtained from trade journals and private firms and weighted according to the 1913 volume imported and exported, respectively, for "imported goods" and "exported
goods." The total index number includes also goods produced, weighted by production in 1913, and goods consumed, weighted by consumption in 1913.




120

WORLD WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 82.—INDEX OTKBEBS.
From Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
UNITED STATES.*

YEAR AND MONTH.

Dun.

Bradstreet.

UNITED
KING- FRANCE.' ITALY.*
DOM.)

Relative to
July, 1914.

Relative to 1913.

1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..

100
101
105
123
199

1OO
97
107
128
170

1OO
99
123
160
204

1OO
101
137
187
262

1OO
95
133
202
299

190
191
207
141

203
203
204
123

225
235
283
181

339
357
510
345

409
364
624
578

January....
February..,
March
April.......

205
210
209
213

221
227
226
225

306

487
522
555
588

May.
June..
July.
August

218
217
215
209

225
216
210
204

304
291
292
288

September.
October....
November.,
December..

205
196
188
175

195
184
170
148

January
February...
March.
ApriL

164
154
150
144

137
134
129
123

May...
June
July.
August

138
137
132
135

September.
October....
November..
December..
January...
February.
March
April

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average.

GERMAN ¥.5

CANADA.*

JAPAN AUSTRA- INDIA
LIA.s
(Tokyo).*
(Calcutta)'

Relative to 1913.

Relative to July, 1914.

135
177

1OO
96
97
117
149

1OO
141
132
155

1,522
1,761

206
217
246
182

193
235
259
200

170
180
218
167

204
181

504
556
619
664

1,020
1,337
1,490
2,582

248
254
258
261

301
313
321
300

203
206
209
217

218
209
198
200

550
493
496
501

660
632
604
625

1,690
1,473
1,473
1,528

263
258
256
244

271
247
239
235

225
233
234
236

210
206
209
209

284
266
245
220

526
502
461
435

655
659
670
655

1,560
1,582
1,647
1,658

241
234
225
214

230
226
221
206

230
215
208
197

208
206
194
180

407
377
360
347

642

584

1,083
1,473
1,419
1,410

208
199
194
187

201
195
191
190

196
192
181
171

178
174
175
183

117
115
116
120

209
192
189
183
182
179
178
179

329
325
330
331

547
509
520
542

1,428
1,387
1,467
1,723

183
179
176
174

191
192
196
199

166
162
159
160

184
178
183
184

134
134
135
136

120
121
123
123

183
170
166
162

344
331

580
599
595
595

1,777
1,993
2,687
3,283

172
169
168
170

207
219
214
209

160
156
151
148

184
184
180
180

136
136
140
137

159
158
160

314
306
307

562

124
126
125

3,467
3,814
4,713

168
169
166

206
204
201

147
147
146

178
179
182

1OO

100
101
110

1OO

1930.

310

1921.
613
604

May..
June.
i Dun's and BradstreeVs index numbers are calculated as of the first of each month, but really refer to prices in the preceding month. The index numbers have been
calculated to a 1913 base from the actual figures published in these journals. Bradstreet'c index number is the sum of the prices per pound of 106 commodities. Dun1* i adex
number covers about 300 commodities and is weighted on the basis of the amount " annually consumed by each inhabitant."
* Compiled by the London Economist; quotations on 44 commodities, mostly raw materials, unweighted.
* Compiled by Bulletin de la Statistique Generate of the French Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare; quotations on 45 commodities, mostly raw materials, unweighted.
* Compiled by Prof. Bachi; quotations on 38 commodities until 1920, thereafter 76 commodities.
5
Compiled by the Frankfurter Zeitung; quotations on 70 commodities, unweighted. Prices are for 1st of the month.
* Compiled by the Canadian Department of Labor; quotations on 272 commodities, unweighted.
' Compiled by the Bank of Japan; quotations on 56 commodities, unweighted.
* Compiled by the Australian Commonwealth's Bureau of Census and Statistics; quotations on 92 commodities, weighted by consumption.
* Compiled by the Indian Department of Statistics; quotations on 75 commodities.




121

LIFE INSURANCE—NEW BUSINESS.
Table 83.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B)OTJMEBICALDATA.
From trade and commercial sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

ORDINARY
INSURANCE
( 4 0 companies).

YEAR AND MONTH.

INDUSTRIAL
INSURANCE
(6 c o m panies).

NumNumber of Value. ber of Value.
policies.
policies.

GROUP
TOTAL
I N S U R - INSURANCE
ANCE
(40 com(11 c o m panies).
panies).

Value.

Number of Value.
policies.

ORDINARY
INSURANCE
(40 c o m panies).

Thousands of
policies.

Thousands of
dollars.

INDUSTRIAL
INSURANCE
(6 companies).

ThouThousands of sands of
policies. dollars.

GROUP
INSURANCE
(11 c o m panies).

TOTAL
INSURANCE
(40 companies).

ThouNum- Thouber of sands of sands of
policies. dollars. policies.

Thousands of
dollars.

Relative to 1913.
A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly a v . . . 100
1914 monthly a v . . .
100
1915monthlyav...
107
122
1916 monthly a v . . .
1917 monthly a v . . . 142
145
1918 monthly a v . . .
232
1919monthlyav...
265
1920 monthly a v . . .
212
1921 monthly a v . . .
1921.
January
February
March
April
May
June
Julv...
August
September
October
November
December
1922.
January.
February..
March
April

1OO
97
104
127
150
157
273
332
274

193
212
246
246

253

227

300

224

292

205

267

191

250

191

231

200

250

267
311
311

192

244

224

317

172

232

193

274

226

318

1OO
108
113
109
109
114
122
132
145

100
106
112
113
119
127
150
179
202

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

1OO
182
221
350
755
1,204
1,992
1,895
508

1OO
107
112
111
114
119
141
153
156

1OO
101
107
125
146
157
252
301
256

139
141
177
152

234
243
291
277

143
157
182
182

333,787
352,027
410,146
410,624

74 9 1 3 1 , 8 3 9
74
128,358
79
136,700
90
167,970
105
197,310
107
206,382
172
360,180
196
437,623
157
361,803

380 £51,909
55,217
410
58,128
429
58,645
415
61,484
414
66,099
433
77,901
465
93,044
500
104,813
550

4
4
8
25
60
55
134
149
51

91,445

487
484
621
507

93,357
91,866
118,478
95,759

40
43
43
48

5,974
5,324
9,581
6,709

629
641
803
689

433,118
449,217
538,205
513,092

2,628
3,188
5,052
10,908
17,401
28,785
27,377
7,335

4 5 4 $ 185,193
186,203
484
198,015
507
231,667
504
269,702
519
289,882
540
466,866
638
558,043
696
473,951
707

128
127
163
133 1

184

413
368
663
464

172
145
113
117

241
202
158
163

555
383
283
357

181
158
128
129

285
268
237
226

168
166
152
141

395,445
385,075
352,134
329,124

652
550
431
446

125,232
104,909
81,872
84,583

44
45
29
36

8,023
5,529
4,088
5,153

820
716
583
587

528,699
495,512
438,093
418,859

133
177
153
174

1S6
249
210
244

319
297
232
1,757

143
181
159
182

220
250
234
308

141
148
142
166

305,191
329,232
321,236
417,621

507
672
581
662

96,805
129,165
109,087
126,646

22
28
24
210

4,607
4,293
3,350
25,388

649
820
723
828

406,603
462,690
433,673
569,655

142
150
180

200
214
256

920
513
1,053

146
157
187

228
259
307

127
143
167

305,528
361,571
419,839

538
569
684

103,725
110,954
132,833

30
49
51

13,287
7,420
15,215

665
712
850

422,540
479,945
567,888

180
177
228

May
June
1
Compiled by the A ssodation of Life Insurance Presidents. The data represent only new business that has been paid for, exclusive of revivals, increases, and dividend
additions. The 40 companies whose new business is included in this table had in force 77.1 per cent of the total legal reserve life insurance outstanding in the United
States as of Dec. 31.1920.




122
BANKING.
Table 84.—INDEX HTJMBEBS.
Based on data from Government and non- Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
DEBITS TO
INDIVIDUAL
ACCOUNTS.*

BANK
CLEARINGS.

CONDITION
OF REPORTING MEMBER
BANKS.*

CONDITION O F FEDERAL
R E S E R V E BANKS.'

S A V I N G S DEPOSITS.

Balance t o credit of depositors—
I n New
York
City.

Outside
New
York
City.

Relative to 1919.

I n New
York
City

Outside
New
York
City.*

Bills
dis-

Total
Total
inredecount- clrcu- serves. posits.
ed.
lation.

1
1
12
60

3
7
23

18
27
58

117
129
143
153

110
110
111

108
108
108
108

403
403
401
398

102
99
97
98

85
87
88
86

112
112

109
107
108
106

398
396
397
402

98
99
100
103

97
95
90
93

87
86
88
90

113
112
110
111

106
106
103
103

405
410
408
411

118
117
112
108

106
108
111
114

93
93
95
89

98
100
104
109

107
106
106
103

101
99
96
96

412
411
406
398

97
92
85
77

104
101
97
95

117
120
123
127

88
87
88
87

116
121
127
133

101
101
98
97

96
95
95
94

391
383
384
383

196
209
201
212

72
68
66
61

94
92
90
93

131
134
137
137

89
90
90
91

137
141
145
140

99
97
98
98

93
96
97
96

380
376
372
369

189
166
200

44
37
33

83
84
83

140
141
142

92
94
93

154
156
156

96
72
72

97
98
97

364
365
364

73
1OO
120
102

100
97

116
89
110
105

123
101
120
116

294
230
283
276

277
226
284
265

127
127
131

98
96
94
85

123
115
119
108

250
260
251
227

258
266
261
244

87
99
100
108

112
116
112
109

236
262
246
266

1921.
January..
February
March
April

98
74
85
80

106
84
95
90

May
June..
July
August

85
87
80
75

September...
October
November
December
1922.
January.
February...
March
April

100
87

122

90
100
99
90

109
115
116
117

95
95
94
95

104
108
103
103

130
126
129
138

119
119
119
122

96
96
97
97

258
269
245
246

140
145
141
140

125
128
127
128

236
184
212
197

221
178
211
181

127
124
118
107

88
89
85
85

201
214
195
185

188
196
188
189

79
87
86
101

89
95
85
100

199
203
213
234

94
81
100

95
84
99

219
195
237

91

May
June




88

103
105
111
115

89
85
85
84

1OO
132
91

December

188
166
156

100

149
187
282
360
422
406
411
389

193
228
258
199

September...
October

60

See foot notes on opposite page.

Chicago
district.

Relative to 1913. Relative to 1920.

1OO
107
96

189
249
257
205

May
June
July
August

New
U.S. York PhilaPostal State delphia
Sav- Savings disings. Banks.6 trict.

100
111
101

1OO
118
91

1920.
Januarv
February
March.
April

end of month.

100

1OO
97
104
137
164

100
99
85

1918 Tnnnthlv av
1919 monthly av
1920 monthly av
1921 monthly av

Reserve
ratio.

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1913.
1OO
88
116
169
187

1913 monthly av
1914 monthlv av
1915 monthlv av
1916 monthlv av
1917 monthly av

Notes

116

123

112

111
112

100
106

1OO
102

98
98
99
99

93
95
97
98

99
99
100
100

99
101
100
101

100
101
102
105

102
103
104
106

107
108
107
107

105
105
104
103

107
106
106
106

103
103
101
101

156

105
105
105
108

100
100
101
102

7 158

109
109
110

III

YEAE AND MONTH.

Total
Net
loans,
dediscounts, mand
deand
invest- posits.
ments.

139

147

149

154

152

123

BANKING.
Table 85.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
DEBITS TO
INDIVIDUAL
ACCOUNTS.*

BANK
CLEARINGS.

CONDITION OF FEDERAL
RESERVE BANK.3

In New Outside In New Outside Bills Notes Total Total ReNew
disin
New
York York count- circu- redeserve
York
York
City. City.*
City.
ed. lation, serves. posits. ratio.
City.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Per
cent.

Millions of dollars.
1913 mo
1914 mo
1915 mo
1916 mo
1917 mo

$7,8S6 $6,120
6,918
5,916
9,184
6,381
13,298
8,366
14,784 10,052

av.
av.
av.
av.
av.

1918mo a v . . .
1919mo a v . . . $20,343 $17,536
20,670
1920 mo a v . . . 20,087
17,258
15,947
1921 mo a v . . .

14,878
19,650
20,261
16,194

11,801
13,944
15,801
12,168

1920.
January
February.
March....
April

$29
24
224

$89
185
606

$384
586
1,261 $1,154

1,158 1,911 1,991 1,738
1,936 2,618 2,190 1,937
2,557 3,154 2,126 1,922
1,763 2,664 2,672 1,744

CONDITION OF
REPORTING
MEMBER
BANKS.*

SAVINGS DEPOSITS.

Balance to credit of depositors at end
Total
of month.
loans,
Net
disdemand
counts,
New York PhiladeldeU.S.
and
Chicago
State
Postal
phia
invest- posits.
savings
Savings. banks. • district. district.
ments.
Thousands of dollars.

Millions of dollars.

94.6
83.5
78.5

$39,750 $1,724,607
59,145
1,772,357
74,349
1,805,366
112,159
1,918,453
143,193
1,989,013

I

58.0
50.2 $15,143
43.5
16,862
61.5
15,293

$9,260
10,576
11,302
10,178

167,653
161,373
163,434
154,508

23,636
18,053
22,285
21,319

21,548
17,653
21,079
20,279

23,210
18,144
22,333
21,800

16,960
13,857
17,369
16,212

2,174
2,454
2,449
2,535

2,851
3,020
3,048
3,075

2,074
2,083
2,057
2,071

2,019
2,101
1,995
1.996

44.5
42! 5
42.7
42.4

16,622
16,671
16,819
16,930

11,481
11,463
11,496
11,464

160,384
160,387
159,240
158,230

May....
June
July....
August.

19,859
19,528
19,063
17,371

21,516
20,251
20,847
IS, 963

19,742
20,509
19,832
17,887

15,786
16,290
15,987
14,911

2,519
2,432
2,492
2,667

3,107
3,117
3,120
3,204

2,092
2,109
2,129
2,128

1,980
1,916
1,872
1,905

42.7
43.6
44.2
43.2

16,946
16,932
16,858
16,930

11,561
11,347
11,401
11,252

158,136
157,276
157,618
159,675

September
October
November
December

17,599
20,136
20,308
21,888

19,596
20,367
19,569
19,136

18,602
20,661
19,434
20,981

15,784
16,438
14,973
15,048

2,704
2,801
2,735
2,719

3,280
3,351
3,326
3,345

2,152
2,195
2,249

1,882
1,846
1,751
1,799

43.6
43.1
44.4
45.4

17,140
17,017
16,732
16,750

11,161
11,172
10,892
10,942

161,150
162;810
162,352
163,434

1921.
January...
February..
March
April

20,033
15,130
17,353
16,349

18,604
14,785
16,719
15,767

18,573
14,529
16,682
15,536

13,550
10,915
12,889
11,052

2,456
2,396
2,287
2,064

3,091
3,052
2,931
2,830

2,320 1,
2,357 1,809
2,422 1,841
2,505 1,726

49.0
50.1
52.0
54.8

16,263
16,099
15,983
15,603

10,643
10,495
10,186
10,138

163,656
163,356
161,249
158,097

May....
June
July....
August.

17,297
17,628
16,340
15,186

15,348
15,619
14,984
14,833

15,847
16,849
15,355
14,556

11,520
11,967
11,478
11,541

1,870
1,772
1,650
1,492

2,735
2,634
2,538
2,481

2,558
2,625
2,685
2,788

1,706
1,686
1,695
1,691

58.1
60.8
63.7
66.8

15,346
15,333
14,890
14,762

10,153
10,046
10,002
9,968

155,395
152,390
152,500
152,400

September..
October
November..
December..

16,102
17,610
17,492
20,575

15,564
16,684
14,900
17,554

15,079
16,027
16,822
18,476

11,980
12,817
12,309
12,994

1,403
1,309
1,282
1,180

2,457
2,409
2,366
2,443

2,879
2,937
2,990
2,992

1,717
1,739
1,743
1,765

68.8
70.6
72.7
70.2

14,957
14,729
14,765
14,780

9,866
10,192
10,274
10,174

151,150
149,400
148,000
146,500

1922.
January
February...
March
April

19,065
16,543
20,377

16,642
14,730
17,367

17,296
15,340
18,720

11,577
10,157
12,266

850
708
636

2,184
2,197
2,182

3,059
3,081
3,103

1,779
1,818
1,805

77.2
78.1
78.4

14,534
10,918
10,842

10,271
10,349
10,309

144,700
145,000
144,500

2,016,866
2,223,216
2,465,491 $389,559 $731,246
2,635,572
414,765
747,775

I

I

380,493
382,474
384,226
385,660

683,000
695,422
708,672
716,464

385,231
386,346
388,182
388,681

724,371
738,678
732,644
737,692

391,439
394,235
397,192
410,551

745,278
755,168
763,030
774,533

416,540
418,981
418,389
416,813

768,885
765,255
757,195
750,947

415,886
414,349
413,893
412,108

750,133
753,315
742,076
734,948

2,696,120

409,904
409,579
409,463
421,274

732,310
733,370
737,963
746,898

72,716,533

425", 438
426,470
426,837

735,338
737,989
737,074

2,398,329

2,532.653

2,574,697

2,648,432

2,623,039

May..
June..
1
Figures for Debits to individual accounts, Condition of Federal Reserve Banks, and Condition of reporting member banks are from the Federal Reserve Board; Bank
clearings from Bradstreets; New York State Savings banks deposits from Savings Banks Association of the State of New York; Savings deposits (in both commercial and
savings banks) in the Third Federal Reserve district at end of month from Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia; Savings deposits (in both commercial and savings banks)
in the Seventh Federal Reserve district at end of month from Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago; Postal savings from U. S. Post Office Department.
* Debits of banks in about 150 of the larger clearing-house centers, covering weekly totals, the first and last weeks of the month being prorated.
8
Condition as of last Wednesday of the month.
4
Includes reports from more than 800 banks in the leading cities in the United States on condition at last Wednesday of month.
s Includes 130 cities.
« Yearlyfiguresfrom 1914 to 1920, inclusive, are averages of deposits on June 30 and December 31 of each year; 1913 figures are for December 31; 1921 is average of quarterly
figures.
7 Approximate figure calculated from deposits and with drawals.




124

INTEREST RATES, SECURITY PRICES, AND ISSUES.
Table 86.—INDEX NUMBEBS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

INTEREST
RATES.'

Y E A B AND MONTH.

New
York
call
loans.

Commercial
doablename
paper,
days.

25
industrials.

25
railroads.

10
highest
grade
rails.

10
secondgrade
rails.

1918 monthly average...
1919 monthly average...
1920 monthly average...
1921 monthly average...

10

public
utility
bonds.

10

industrial
bonds.

Combined
index
(40
bonds).

Municipal
bonds.

100

1OO

1OO

108

78

100

1OO
04

60

60

130

89

1OO

80

59

167

95

103

107

82

147

83

NEW MUNICIPAL
BOND ISSUES.«
Permanent
loans
(long
term).
]Relative to

Relative to 1915.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly average...
1914 monthly average...
1915 monthly average...
1916 monthly average...
1917 monthly average...

BOND
YIELDS.'

BOND PRICES.*

STOCK 1PRICES.'

1OO

1OO

93

109

Temporary
loans
(short
term).
1913.
100
59

1O0

1OO

1OO

95

121

32

103

105

108

105

91

122

61

97

96

98

101

98

96

109

81
98

100

166

101

139

74

89

88

87

98

91

103

64

205

94

182

75

87

88

84

100

90

101

189

93

246

127

184

68

79

77

70

85

78

112

189

137

189

113

137

64

83

81

73

78

78

114

348

158

252

1920.
283

103

207

68

83

82

76

96

84

102

254

February
March
April

313

111

184

66

81

78

73

91

80

105

114

105

253

116

202

70

81

79

74

90

81

109

205

308

231

117

212

68

77

76

71

88

77

107

185

161

Mav
June
July
August

220

124

190

65

74

73

09

83

75

112

133

47

228

134

192

64

75

74

68

82

75

117

132

76

264

135

191

65

77

74

68

82

75

118

235

21

226

138

177

66

79

75

66

81

75

118

191

86

September
October

226

138

181

71

81

79

68

82

77

118

206

138

241

138

177

74

84

83

74

85

81

116

184

190

November .
December

253

137

155

70

82

80

72

83

79

114

190

130

217

136

144

64

79

77

68

79

75

112

240

134

150

1921.
210

135

146

66

83

81

70

83

79

114

224

February
March
April

228

134

149

65

82

79

71

84

78

113

219

102

216

132

143

63

81

78

71

80

77

114

189

261

203

131

147

62

81

78

72

80

77

115

281

310

Mav

214

120

148

65

80

79

72

80

77

115

226

173

196

117

131

61

78

77

70

77

75

116

373

112

j

July

179

111

127

64

81

79

72

70

77

118

320

107

I

179

103

121

64

82

81

73

76

78

118

355

102

September
October
November
December

162

102

128

65

83

83

75

77

79

117

312

183

165

97

130

64

83

83

75

73

78

115

371

148

159

90

135

66

88

87

77

79

81

112

381

115

160

89

140

66

91

80

80

77

84

101

921

127

143

85

143

65

93

91

83

102

91

98

226

33

155

84

\49

68

92

91

84

102

92

99

255

120

137

83

154

70

93

93

88

102

94

99

364

162

1922.
January
February.
March
April
May
June

. -.




See footnotes on opposite page.

125
INTEREST RATES, SECURITY PRICES, AND ISSUES.
Table 87.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.J
INTEREST
RATES.*

YEAR AND MONTH.

New
York
call
loans.

Commercial
doublename
paper,
60-90
days.

25
Industrials.

25
railroads.

10
highest
grade
rails.

10
second
grade
rails.

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

3.18
3.45
1.91
2.53
3.40

5.78
4.52
3.44
3.42
4.73

858.15
58.23
75.66
97.31
85.33

882.92
77.89
73.39
78.87

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..

5.27
6.51
7.82
6.02

5.86
5.42
7.34
6.55

81.01
106.08
107.21
79.76

1920.
January
February
March
April

9.00
9.94
8.06
7.35

5.98
6.41
6.69
6.78

120.51

May....
June
July....
August.

7.00
7.25
8.40
7.19

7.16
7.72
7.83
8.00

110. 77
111.83

September..
October
November..
December..

7.19
7.65
8.06
6.90

1921.
January
February
March
,
April
,

10
public
utility
bonds.

10
industrial
bonds.

Combined
Index
(40
bonds).

NEW MUNICIPAL
BOND ISSUES.*

PermaMunic- nent loans Temporary
loans
ipal
(long
(short
bonds.
term).
term).

Per cent of par.

Dollars per share.

Per cent.

BOND
YIELDS.5

BOND PRICES. 4

STOCK PRICES.*

Percent. !

834,049
37,159
41,049
41,450
37,078

840,268
23,838
12,894
24,367
32,704

Thousands of dollars.

89.79
92.45
87.43

75.55
78.00
72.42

73.82
77.59
72.36

70.51
75.89
71.35

76.76
80.49
75.58

4.45
4.16
4.23
4.06
4.26

61.39
62.10
56.07
53.31

80.02
77.89
71.33
74.39

66.12
66.33
58.54
61.43

63.89
61.77
51.99
53.92

69.36
70.76
60.12
55.28

69.84
69.07
59.70
60.15

4.60
4.49
5.00
5.08

21,902
64,183
64,472
118,385

39,428
37,508
55,341
63,503

56.27
55.03
58.32
56.14

74.63
72.31
72.46
69.17

61.78
59.13
60.06
57.05

55.80
54.06
54.50
52.38

67.50"
64.44
63.70
61.71

64.18
61.77
62.03
59.45

4.56
4.66
4.83
4.77

86,647
38,858
70,161
63,102

101,684
42,310
123,990
64,866

110.81
102.82'

54.29
53.02
53.97
54.97

66.82
67.72
68.97
70.89

55.26
55.89
55.74
56.71

50.65
50.56
50.01
48.70

58.81
58.17
57.85
57.27

57.29
57.45
57.37
57.36

4.99
5.19
5.26
5.25

45,183
45,031
79,915
65,293

18,742
30,684
8,534
34,607

7.97
8.00
7.94
7.88

105.06
102.94
89.88
83.83

58.50
61.48
57.89
53.02

72.77
75.03
73.86
71.35

59.66
62. 75
60.68
57.82

50.18
54.30
52.83
49.88

58.03
59.66
58.61
55.73

59.12
62.07
60.64
57.72

5.27
5.18
5.06
4.97

70,713
62,592
64,613
81,557

55,763
76,592
52,318
53,997

7.25
6.88
6.45

7.81
7.75
7.63
7.58

85.04
86.47
83.34
85.38

54.62
53.86
51.94
51.26

74.92
73.81
73.14
72.52

60.89
59.91
59.13
59.13

51.41
52.09
52.19
52.85

58.81
58.98
56.13
56.42

60.41
60.25
59.21
59.39

5.06
5.05
5.07
5.11

76,181
74,450
64,388
95.550

60,586
41,270
105,252
124,930

May....
June
July....
August.

6.81
6.22
5.70
5.69

6.94
6.75
6.40
5.94

86.32
76.40
73.85
70.45

54.19
50.70
53.35
53.48

72.25
70.31
72.56
73.66

59.84
58.17
60.06
61.08

52.88
51.67
53.04
53.87

56.16
54.06
53.66
53.69

59.46
57.75
58.89
59.59

5.12
5.18
5.26
5.24

76,961
126,931
109,040
121,027

70,007
45,482
42,930
41,249

September..
October
November..
December..

5.15
5.25
5.06
5.10

5.90
5.63
5.19
5.13

74.28
75.36
78.76
81.55

53.74
52.97
54.77
54.80

74.72
74.52
78.59
81.62

62.75
62.83
65.80
67.59

55.10
55.63
57.18
59.12

54.41
51.16
55.69
54.22

60.74
59.83
62.13
64.10

5.22
5.13
5.00
4.50

106,270
126,380
129,692
313,746

73,529
59,543
46,184
51,075

1922.
January
February
March
April
,

4.56
4.94
4.35

4.90
4.88
4.80

82.91
86.42
89.30

54.20
56.41
58.15

83.23
82.95
83.33

68.46
68.47
70.06

61.07
62.34
64.65

71.63
72.07
71.80

70.22
70.71
71.85

4.38
4.41
4.39

77,028
86,960
123,891

13,228
48,157
65,231

106.96
117.74
123.35

May.
June.
1
Interest rates from the Commercial and Financial Chronicle; bond prices from Dow, Jones & Co.; bond yields and new municipal bond issues from The Bond
Buyer; and stock prices from the Annalist.
*New York market rates as compiled by the Commercial and Financial Chronicle.
« Closing prices of the month on New York Stock Exchange as compiled by the Annalist.
* Average of 40 bonds compiled by Dow, Jones & Co.
5
Average market yield of bonds of 20 large cities at the first of each month compiled by The Bond Buyer.
«Sales by states and municipalities of new bond issues as compiled by The Bond Buyer.




126
GOLD AND SILVER.
Table 88.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Front Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

SILVER.

GOLD.

Do-

mesPrice Price
In
I m - Ex- tic re- Band Im- Ex- Pro- In
ports. ports. ceipts. out- ports. ports. duc- New Lontion. York. don.
at put.

Domes-

tic
ImExports. ports. receipts

Band
output.

Fine
ounces.

Ounces.

at mint.

mint.

YEAB AND
MONTH.

Thousands of
dollars.

Relative to 1913.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 mo. av. 1 0 0
1914 mo. av. 90
1915 mo. av. 709
1916 mo. av. 1,077
1917 mo. av. 867

1OO
243
34
170

1918 mo. av. 97
1919 mo. av. 120
1920 mo. av. 673
1921 mo. av. 1,099
1920.
January
February
March
April

1OO
105

3,422
30,682
26,841
1,969

250

12,018
4,473
16 985
48,522

218
185
195
217

85
112

112

90

149

134

107

83
110
136

86
114
148

199
249
246

403
381
181

102

177

82

80

58

96

48

351
26

42

95
93
92

54

5,170
6,378
35,729
58,333

1OO
92

45
401

405

$7,650
18,551
2,619
12,999
30,990

1OO
92

107
90
76

111

85
85

162
186
169
105

95,309
4,782
37,J663
57,166
46,038

1OO
108

1OO
72
96

172
207
223
134

47,758
43,048
47 050
44,622

670,503
625,330
707 036
686,979

8,817 24,628
12,471 15,865
9 441 13 939
10 705 16,413

15 688
26,765
19,818
15,378

7 562
5.320
21,873
24,986

699,041
715,957
736,099
702,083

8 083
6 562
6 496
4,420

39,110
116,762
56,889
44,660

17,129
25,931
19,870
17,058

682,173
662,472
633,737
636,204

2,725
1,036

66,664
66,322
70,775
71,303

1,063

320
914

295
417
316
358

471
303
266
314

220
210
200

296
504

99
70

95
98

270
220

131
84

172
152

373
290

286
327

100
96

217
148

105
86

154
161

September
737
2,199
October
November . 1,072
841
December

224
339
260
223

93

217
164
168
155

126

157
140
130
108

216
197
185

1921.
719
January
February... 833
1,646
March
1,538
April ..

36
14
9
5

45
45
48
48

162
163
130
110

128
102
56
44

110
99
94
99

145
126
118
124

38,145
43,986
87,372
80,662

May
Jrme
July
August

45
43
60

263

72

77
72
70
72

100
98

1 151

45
27
98

63

94
93
94
97

233
121

1,211
1,624

14
10
49
9

124
127
136
138

58,226
43,844
64,268
86,239

September.. 1,253
889
October
November.. 978
December.. 597

31
99
8
25

38
87
67
61

94
97
96
93

153
251
198
185

95
91
92
137

76
85
68
70

111

145
150
141
129

66,500
47,135
51,937
31,685

1922.
January
February...
March
April ..

11
23
13

51
45
48

46
11
31

217
160
233

76
136
101

71
70
75

110

127
123
121

26,571
28,701
33,488

June
Julv
August

1,097
826

500
541
631

90
86
87

89

76
92
93

222

109
60
116

88
98

109
80

101
103

119
114
110

109
108

290
308
269

152

148,050 7 3 2 , 7 7 9 9 2 , 9 8 9 S 5 , 2 3 1 5,567 3 0 . 5 9 8
.548
155,083
698,275
2,163
4,300 6,038
157,830
.497
757,823
2,874 4,467 6,247
772,128
133,597
.657
2,689 5,883 6,201
5,978
112,495
4,445 7,011
.814
751,855
5,948 21,071
7,451 19,918
7,338 9,468
5,277 4,298

92
85
96
94

Mav

Price
In
London.

Thou- Dollars Pence per
Thousands of sands of per standard
ounce,
fine
fine
dollars.
ounces. ounce. 0.925 fine.

701,722
694,174
679,801
676,216

624
563
615
583

226
84

Price
ImEx- ProIn
ports. ports. duc- New
tion. York.

B .—NUMERICAL DATA.

1OO
82

1OO
95
103
105
103

SILVER.

GOLD.

710
384

774

3,734
672

2,400
7,576
607

1,950
863

1,732
986

86,472
71,093
62,377
80,183

27.573
25.313
23.675
31.315
40.851

.968
1.111
1.009
.627

47.516
57.059
61.590
36.841

1.328
1.313
1.255
1.198

79.846
85.005
74 194
68 848

6 862
4,416
5,494
4,489

1 026
.909
.920
.962

60 010
51.096
53.736
59.875

6 501
4,912
5,025
4,626

6,577
5,709
3,144
6,081

.937
.835
.777
.648

59.476
54.197
50.952
41.845

651,593
558,137
671,123
681,382

4,835
4,862
3,872
3,298

6,691
5,337
2,919
2,319

4,907
5,465
6,077
4,437

.660
.592
.560
.593

39.985
34.745
32.479
34.250

67,052
63,821
88,474
93,128

687,776
678,490
689,555
711,526

6,956
3,627
4,513
7,853

2,353
1,424
5,113
3,743

4,277
4,022
3,902
4,017

.598
.585
.603
.616

34.165
34.971
37.481
38.096

56,251
128,643
99,379
90,388

691,096
707,825
704,236
681,847

4,565
7,510
5,912
5/516

4,947
4,782
4,804
7,145

4,212
4,724
3,790
3,897

.662
.710
.682
.658

40.082
41.442
38.750
35.645

75,919
66,608
70,629

335,000
77,000

6,498
4,771
6,953

3,977
7,092
5,307

3,038
3,878
4,186

.655
.653
.644

35.035
33.891
33.269

227,728

5,651
4,723
4,714
4,477

May
June
i Imports and exports of gold and silver are from the U. 8. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; Domestic receipts of unrefined gold
at U. S. mints from U. S. Treasury Department, Bureau of the Mint; Silver prices, average for the month, and Rand gold output from the Engineering and Mining Journal;
production of silver by mines of United States from American Bureau of Metal Statistics, except annualfiguresprevious to 1921, which are from U. S. Department of Interior,
Geological Survey.




127

CORPORATION STOCKHOLDERS.
Table 89.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
PENNSYLVANIA
RAILROAD
CO.

Stockholders. Stockholders.
YEAB AND MONTH.

Domestic.

Foreign

AMERICAN
TELEPHONE PENNSYLVANIA
AND TELE- RAILROAD CO.
GRAPH CO.

U. S. STEEL
CORP.,
(COMMON
STOCK).

Domestic.

Foreign.

Stockholders.
Per
centage of
shares
held
DoFormesby
eign.
tic.
brokers.

Stockholders.

Domestic.

Relative to 1913.

Foreign^

Stockholders.

Stockholders.

Domestic.

Foreign.

Percentage
of
shares
held
by
brokers.

Number.

Domestic*

Foreign.

Number.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 quarterly average
1914 quarterly average
1915 quarterly average
1916 quarterly average
1917 quarterly average

100
108
112
117
128

100
105
105
61
20

1OO
115
«101
95
107

1OO
111
«129
61
78

100
91
89
107
101

1OO
107
117
127
148

100
113

1918 quarterly average
1919 quarterly average
1920 quarterly average
1921 quarterly average

141
153
174
190

16
15
13
15

155
177
213
252

97
96
85
88

84
79
59
44

1920.
March .
June . ,
September
December

167
172
176
181

14
14
13
13

198
207
216
228

87
86
84
82

1921.
March
June
September
December

188
192
190
191

13
12
12
26

249
251
254
256

191

26

254

. . .

AMERICAN
TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH CO.

U. S. STEEL
CORP.,
(COMMON
STOCK).

72,714

122
114
96

78,682
81,603
85,343
93,331

11,258
11,839
11,816
6,884
2,235

41,436
47,777
«42,020
39,365
44,531

1,529
1,697
«1,980
939
1,191

51.48
46.73
45.87
55.08
51.88

180
217
247
308

110
119
122
193

102,798
111,316
126,424
138,450

1,773
1,727
1,500
1,743

64,314
73,510
88,085
104,621

1,484
1,475
1,300
1,341

65
62
60
49

231
247
252
259

113
113
113
149

121,326
124,943
127,768
131,659

1,595
1,525
1,472
1,409

82,246
85,909
89,665
94,520

84
87
89
90

47
44
42
42

272
289
325
345

170
188
206
209

137,007
139,702
138,243
138,847

1,386
1,373
1,362
2,852

91

43

368

213

138,895

2,915

53,205
56,932
62,279
67,504
78,597

1,041
1,175
1,270
1,187
999

43.22
40.65
30.35
22.45

96,035
115,482 131,643
163,753

1,143
1,239
1,267
2,013

1,337
1,320
1,287
1,256

33.46
32.09
30.69
25.17

122,999
131,558
134,112
137,901 !

1,173
1,173
1 -^7

103,093
103,976
105,355
106,061

1,283
1,334
1,368
1,379

24.27
22.61
21.49
21.44

144,716
153,649
172,970
183,676

1,774
1,953
2,146
2,180

105,261

1,399

22.02

195,608

2,217

1.174

1922.
March
June

i These data showing the growth of stockholders in three prominent companies—a railroad, a public utility, and an industrial—have been furnished direct by the
respective companies and represent the number of holders of common stock on their books at the end of each quarter, i. e., Decemberfiguresare for Dec. 31 or Jan. 1.
1
Dec. 31 figures; other quarters of 1915 not available.




128

BUSINESS FINANCE.
Table 90.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Baaed on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
BUSINESS
FAILURES.

YEAH AND MONTH.

Firms.

Dividend
and
New
New
Liabili- interest capital incorpoties.
payissues. rations.

ments.

TELEGRAPH
EARNINGS.

TELEPHONE
EARNINGS.

CORPORATION
FINANCES.

Total
operating

revenues.

Net
operating
income.

Commercial
tele-

Relative to 1913.

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

av..
av..
av..
av..
av..

100
114
138
106
86

1OO
131
111
72
67

1OO
101
105
120
134

1OO
87
87
133
93

NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE
SALES.

Telegraph

and
OperMiscelStocks laneous Liberty, Total
ating
cable
Victory
oper- income. (shares). bonds. b o n d s . bonds.
ating
revenue.
Relative
to 1913.

Relative to 1919.

1OO
70
96
161
217

100
104
111
125
142

1OO
100
112
129
127

78

76

105

1OO
58
209
280
222

125
138
146
204

83
1OO
120
106

84
1OO
116
103

78
1OO
88
77

173
377
270
206

Relativeto 1919.
58
80
112
132
87

17

13
18
26
31
28

124
162

49
1OO
99
73

53
1OO
105
94

62
40
55
123

60
42
108
230

170
179
192
200

82
184
189
160

106
613
725
385

154
188
231
276

1920.
January
"February
March
April

43
37
42
38

32
43
56
58

269
111
181
241

247
148
201
344

1,324
673
798
786

218
214
226
236

168
163
157
149

111
107
123
122

112
105
121
116

124
73
110
91

284
314
416
404

110
100
122
99

116
96
93
115

114
97
99
111

May
June
July
August.

41
50
51
50

48
145
96
125

161
192
230
119

179
194
176
123

823
768
732
546

243
241
240
242

152
133
103
121

119
123
121
125

116
120
118
119

92
94
87
96

236
133
179
198

95
90
87
98

126
105
71
57

119
101
75
67

October
November
December .

51
69
79
114

130
171
135
259

160
253
168
221

106
247
129
173

552
685
520
500

250
253
243
251

155
155
148
162

124
122
110
113

119
121
111
112

86
91
63
68

221
197
320
344

156
177
158
199

72
85
87
171

91
106
103
178

1921.
January
"February
March
April

142
123
100
111

229
268
297
170

244
112
188
238

188
218
101
285

722
380
554
573

262
253
271
277

173
181
213
232

108
98
112
103

104
94
107
101

42
37
93
75

231
147
230
221

157
100
122
129

77
63
57
57

95
71
72
74

MaV
June
July
August

101
99
108
117

251
152
188
189

161
197
230
117

130
131
124
101

349
392
164
337

278
280
275
278

223
218
184
193

107
109
103
108

102
105
99
105

76
88
50
78

246
262
134
159

159
129
154
141

54
92
60
54

78
101
82
74

September
October
November
December

110
128
149
183

163
234
235
385

160
241
167
218

150
75
187
232

284
292
214
359

275
289
287
288

219
220
220
172

110
110
99
104

107
108
98
104

112
86
80
111

185
186
221
255

168
166
257
265

87
92
91
93

106
109
129
132

1922.
January
February
March
April

204
174
184

325
320
315

243
115
189
232

153
148
207

490
343
425

291
282

220
218

98
91

95
88

64
54

222
234
328

26S
263
333

97
52
76

136
100
136

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

av..
av..
av..
av..

May
Jnn«




See footnotes on opposite page.

67

100

129

BUSINESS FINANCE.
Table 91.—NUMEEICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

Total
Liabllicommercial.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

TELEPHONE
EARNINGS.

CORPORATION
FINANCES.

BUSINESS
FAILURES.

Dividend
and
interest
payments.

New
capital
issues.

Number
of
firms.

New incorporations.'

Total
Net
operat- operating
ing
revinenues.
come.

NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE
SALES.

TELEGRAPH
EARNINGS.

ComTelemercial graph OperatMiscella- Liberty
and
tele- and cable ing
Stocks. neous
inbonds. Victory
operating come.
bonds.
revenue.

SB?

Thousands of
shares.

Thousands of dollars.

$ 1 , 3 3 6 322,723 $ 1 4 8 , 1 0 3 $137,145 $172,301 $13,132
120,306
13,722
1,523
119,710
29,826
148,948
14,527
1,846
164,915
119,613
25,191
155,426
16,452
1,416
276,925
16,351
182,208
177,919
18,700
1,155
373,198
15,203
127,498
199,095

$3,710
3,709
4,139
4,785
4,700

$5,898

20,225
24,635
30,320
36,265

4,649
5,104
5,415
7,573

6,287
7,596
9,113
8,043

2,280,461
1,158,861
1,375,797
1,354,262

28,634
28,045
29,651
30,981

6,232
6,062
5,808
5,542

8,455
8,114
9,338
9,281

11,316

245,053
266,384
240,893
168,136

1,417,614
1,323,221
1,260,419
941,288

31,849
31,703
31,501
31,727

5,634
4,949
3,838
4,499

9,005
9,354
9,169
9,522

11,703

237,252
874,059
249,216
326,979

145,023
338,793
176,700
237,208

950,953
1,179,801
895,563
860,803

32,888
33,123
31,933
32,903

5,768
5,759
5,501
5,983

9,452
9,285
8,331
8,546

12,010

52,137
60,852
67,409
38,568

361,070
165,220
277,846
351,981

257,423
298,708
138,701
390,668

1,243,460
654,376
954,700
987,895

34,394
33,206
35", 650
36,398

6,434
6,706
7,896

8,183
7,412
8,535
7,823

10,480

1,356
1,320
1,444
1,562

57,066
34,639
42,774
42,904

238,061
292,168
340,166
173,802

177,638
179,114
170,474
138,929

601,044
675,978
281,759
580,141

36,560
36,743
36,160
36,566

8,275
8,084
6,829
7,178

8,123
8,283
7,805
8,239

September..
October
November..
December..

1,466
1,713
1,988
2,444

37,021
53,059
53,470
87,502

236,500
356,779
247,877
322,497

205,792
103,149
255,938
318,335

489,846
503,394
367,956
618,572

36,067
37,905
37,657
37,871

8,132
8,168
8,172
6,398

8,333
8,371
7,526
7,884

1922.
January
February...
March......
April

2,723
2,331
2,463

73,796
72,608
71,608

359,800
169,815
280,600
342,881

209,662
202,749
283,724

843,653
591,404
731,866

38,183
36,998

8,149
8,073

7,451
6,950

1913 mo.
1914 mo.
1915 mo.
1916 mo.
1917 mo.

av..
av.,
av.
av.
av.

1918 mo.
1919 mo.
1920 mo.
1921 mo.

av.
av.
av.
av.

834
538
740
1,638

13,585
9,441
24,593
52,283

252,061
265,764
284,573
295,830

112,068
251,764
258,886
219,572

183,275
1,056,519
1,249,920
663,262

1920.
January
February...
March
April

569
492
566
504

7,240
9,763
12,699
13,224

398,012
164,731
267,990
356,921

338,415
202,528
275,771
471,726

May....
June....
July....
August.

547
674
681
673

10,826
32,991
21,906
28,373

238,291
285,050
340,855
175,619

September..
October
November..
December..

677
923
1,050
1,525

29,554
38,915
30,758
58,872

1921.
January
February...
March
April

1,895
1,641
1,336
1,487

May....
June
July....
August.

Total
bonds.

Thousands of dollars.

$41,499
56,959
79,623
94,199
61,866

$1,711

$6,924
3,992
14,448
19,404
15,378

1,282
8,477
10,095 1,636
11,698 1,438
10,371 1,265

11,948
26,073
18,728
14,287

2,022
1,199
1,802
1,489

19,654
21,730
28,795
27,976

78,406
71,142
86,804
70,550

273,679
227,194
219,405
271,362

352,085
298,336
306,209
341,912

1,500
1,539
1,423
1,572

16,371
9,197
12,395
13,698

67,459
63,915
62,016
70,079

298,757
248,207
168,460
135,445

366,216
312,122
230,476
205,524

1,399
1,496
1,034
1,112

15,317
13,614
22,157
23,829

111,564
126,344
112,862
141,612

170,189
201,231
205,402
405,539

281,753
327,575
318,264
547,151

1,524
1,228

15,976
10,147
15,907
15,273

112,065
71,300
87,072
92,283

181,421
149,014
135,918
135,429

293,486
220,314
222,990
227,712

1,251
1,434
816
1,270

17,032
18,174
9,295
10,992

113,177
92,132
109,535
100,246

128,023
217,741
143,182
127,718

241,200
309,873
252,717
227,964

1,835
1,409
1,311
1,815

12,807
12,883
15,332
17,622

119,819
118,408
183,320

207,123
218,018
214,625
219,342

326,942
336,426
397,945
408,222

1,042

15,394
16,185
22,734

191,216
187,368
237,852

228,613
121,981
180,630

419,829
309,349
418,491

$7,674

10,648
12,256
11,735

12,140
11,937
12,012

12,167
11,199
11,311

9,457
10,772
10,163
10,315
10,601
9,989
10,615
10,812
10,913
9,857
10,486

9,586
8,932

40,842

$41,499
56,959
79,623
94,199
85,690

47,544
117,059
164,603
71,322 236,814 308,136
235,406
88,563
323,969
173,129
115,686
288,816

May..
June.
1
Except telephone earnings, which are combined reports of 10 largest telephone companies, and telegraph earnings, which are combined reports of the Western
Union and Postal Telegraph Companies, as reported to the Interstate Commerce Commission. Business failures are from Dun's Review; Dividend and interest payments,
New capital issues, and New incorporations from the New York Journal of Commerce; Stock sales from The Annalist; and Bond sales from Dow, Jones & Co.
» Represents the value of the authorized capital of new enterprises incorporated in the principal eastern states.

100797°—22




9

130
PUBLIC FINANCE.
Table 92.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources. 1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
U. S. GOVERNMENT
DEBT.

YEAR AND MONTH.

U. S.
GOVERNMENT
FINANCES.

Total
Cus- Total
inter- Liber- toms ordity 4
estnary
rebear* loans. ceipts.s
Ing.6
ceipts.*
Relative to
1919.

MONEY IN
CIRCULATION.*

U. S.
GOVERNMENT
DEBT.

OrdiCusTotal
nary
Total Liberty
Ordinary
toms
ordinary disbursedisinterest- Loans. 4
Total. Per
receipts.1 receipts.* ments.*
bursecapita. bearingJ
ments'

Relative to 1913.

Relative to
1919.

Millions of dollars.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..
average..

4
4
11

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..

48
100
96
94

45
100

101
100
97
98

102
101
101
101

108
101
129
105

423
380
1,821
526

May....
June
July....
August.

98
95
95
95

99
99
98
98

110
129
116
110

427
2,164
382
660

September..
October
November..
December..

95
94
95
94

98

90
96
82
70

January..
February.
March....
April

94
94
94
94

98
97
97
97

May....
June
July....
August.

94
94
93
94

96
96
95
95

September..
October
November..
December..

94
92
93
92

95
94
94
94

92
92
91

92

100
92
66
67
71

100
101

57
58
101

576
642

U. S. GOVERNMENT
FINANCES.

MONEY
IN
CIRCULATION.'

Total.

Per
capita.

Millions
of
dollars.

Dollars.

956,898
58,355
60,950
60,374
95,658

Thousands of dollars.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
826,573 • 6 0 , 3 4 3
61,223
24,360
58,159
17,482
64,972
17,766
93,181
18,830

84

1966
968
970
972
2,713

$1,466

$4,018

$38.59

93
100
109
99

11,986
25,234
24,336
23,598

9,313
20,726
20,537
19,828

15,228
15,286
26,961
26,160

347,834
387,300
536,006
414,323

747,211
1,280,447
422,039
370,485

4,500
4,915
5,385
4,927

42.53
46.00
50.29
45.62

108
104
107
107

108
104
107
107

25,424
25,161
24,455
24,707

21,068
20,976
20,904
20,829

28,629
26,779
34,378
27,918

255,388
229,527
1,099,041
317,258

348,294
295,457
537,541
505,329

5,312
5,110
5,278
5,273

49.81
47.88
49.41
49.33

834
539
787

108
109
110
110

108
109
109
109

24,736
24,061
23,985
24,091

20,488
20,409
20,389
20,377

29,129
34,302
30,694
29,328

257,501
1,305,837
230,367
398,401

395,475
474,362
306,502
447,571

5,291
5,353
5,381
5,385

49.45
50.00
50.19
50.22

1,510
365
456
1,544

873
750
749
711

112
113
114
114

111
112
114
113

23,853
23,825
23,939
23,745

20,329
20,312
20,088
20,269

24,036
25,600
21,185
18,555

911,307
220,035
275,421
931,989

496,777
426,497
426,092
404,575

5,480
5,553
5,617
5,584

51.06
51.70
52.26
52.13

98
80
110
152

360
412
1,527
491

682
617
943
868

112
107
106
103

112
106
105
102

23,756
23,820
23,741
23,760

20,228
20,165
20,102
20,056

25,925
21,153
29,204
40,417

217,328
248,564
921,628
296,171

388,179
351,102
536,476
494,091

5,501
5,233
5,206
5,051

51.29
48.73
48.41
46.91

96
93
75

371
1,243
346
402

648
825
566
512

102
102

101
101
98
95

23,710
23,739
23,534
23,680

19,995
19,844
19,776
19,611

25,485
24,723
19,796
26,449

223,706
750,017
209,068
242,443

368,451
469,614
321,819
291,158

5,020
5,012
4,866
4,737

46.57
46.43
45.02
43.77

93
98

1,142
394
324
1,227

468
535
570
580

95
95
94
93

94
93
92
91

23,675
23,201
23,365
23,189

19,717
19,537
19,491
19,408

23,357
26,408
24,843
26,155

237,848
195,483
740,293

266,524
304,158
324,483
329,766

4,672
4,663
4,607
4,553

43.11
42.98
x 42.41
X
41.85

103
127
152

317
291
913

406
320

96
90
90

94
88
88

23,152
23,238
22,904

19,372
19,129
18,458

27,251
33,652
40,288

191,001
175,651
550,758

231,247
182,206
325,955

4,707
4,412
4,433

43.22
40.46
40.60

108
154

687

96

100
103
107
106
168

82

1,313
2,250
742
651

92
100
110
100

612
519
945

1920.
January..
February.
March....
April

1921.

1922.
January..
February.
March
April

573

May..
June.
1
From U. S. Treasury Department, except money in circulation, from the Federal Reserve Board.
* Monthly averages for fiscal years ending June 30,1913 to 1920.
8
Represents money held outside of the U. S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve system; figures for years 1917 to 1920 are as of December 31.
4
Includes Liberty and Victory Loans and War Savings Securities; figures for the years 1913 to 1919 are as of June 30.
6
Figures for the years 1913 to 1920 are as of June 30.




131
CREDIT CONDITIONS.
Table 93.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type. ]
PAYMENTS.

YEAR AND MONTH.

United Pacific Moun- North Middle South
2
tain 3 Agricul- Agricul- AgricUl- East.?
States
tural.e
average. Coast. Section. tural.4 tural.

United
Moun- North Middle South
States Coast 2
tain Agricul- Agricul- Agricul- East.?
average.
Section.3 tural.4 tural.5 tural.6

Relative to 1916.

Percentage of total recorded transactions.

A.-INDEX NUMBERS.
100

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

1916 m o . av.

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1917 m o . av.

105

99

107

103

113

106

102

1918 m o . av..

106

103

101

102

106

112

1Q2

1919 m o . av..

110

110

103

108

111

115

108

1920 m o . av.

108

112

103

106

107

112

107

1921 m o . av.,

97

105

93

96

99

1920.
January
February
March
April
,

116
115
114

115

114

114

118

118

110

63.8

124

114

112

115

121

110

63.2

j

114

115

112

113

121

112

62.9

|

109

115

105

108

108

118

104

60.2

!

113

115

109

108

112

118

115

62.3

May....
June
July....
August.
September.
October
November..
December..
1921.
January
February
March
April
,
May....
June
July....
August.
September.,
October
November..
December..
1922.
January
February
March
April

55.0
57.5
58.4
60.7
59.4
53.3

56.6
56.2
58.4
62.5
63.3
59.2

58.2
62.2
58.9
59.9
60.1
54.2

55.4
57.1
56.7
60.0
58.8
53.4

58.0
65.8
61.6
64.5
62.3
57.5

49.5
52.6
55.5
56.8
55.2
48.4

57.2
58.6
58.5
61.6
61.1
56.0

64.9

66.1

63.1

68.2

58.2

63.1

70.3

66.1

62.0

66.9

60.1

63.0

64.8

67.1

62.2

65.7

60.1

63.8

64.9

61.1

60.0

62.9

58.3

59.6

65.3

63.3

59.9

65.1

58.4

65.9

111

113

102

113

111

116

109

61.1

64.1

59.3

62.6

64.6

57.3

62.2

110

110

105

107

107

112

113

60.3

62.2

61.2

59.4

62.0

55.2

64.4

106

109

108

105

107

109

58.2

61.9

55.6

59.9

61.1

53.1

62.2

104

111

105

102

104

107

57.2

63.1

55.6

58.2

59.3

51.3

61.2

103

108

108

103

109

100

56.9

61.3

55.6

59.8

60.0

53.9

57.3

97

105

84

99

100

95

53.3

59.4

56.4

46.4

57.7

49.3

54.2

94

93

52.8

56.9

53.7

51.9

54.0

47.2

56.8

52.3

97

101

95

107

93

100

93

91

52.5

60.8

54.3

53.3

57.8

46.1

100

116

86

100

101

103

100

55.2

65.5

50.3

55.3

58.7

51.2

57.0

104

111

99

98

104

107

109

57.4

62.6

57.8

54.4

60.2

52.9

62.1

99

104

97

90

105

101

101

54.4

58.6

56.2

49.8

61.0

50.2

57.9

100

102

89

106

101

100

55.0

57.8

51.6

58.6

58.6

49.2

57.4

100

102

101

93

102

102

100

54.9

57.6

58.9

51.4

59.2

50.6

57.1

102

107

95

103

104

101

105

55.9

60.6

55.3

57.1

60.1

49.8

60.2

99

108

100

97

97

102

54.3

61.2

58.4

53.5

57.6

48.2

58.5

94

96

91

89

94

96

98

51.8

54.6

53.1

49.4

54.3

47.5

56.0

89

94

94

103

93

92

87

49.2

53.1

54.6

56.9

54.2

45.7

49.5

90

103

90

95

89

91

49.3

58.1

51.0

50.0

55.0

44.0

51.9

91

107

93

92

92

92

50.3

60.7

48.4

51.5

53.1

45.6

52.8

91

93

97

91

92

92

50.1

52.7

48.2

53.6

52.7

45.3

52.9

87

89

83

83

87

85

94

48.1

50.2

48.1

46.2

50.3

42.2

54.0

90

97

100

91

90

93

49.7

55.0

58.1

48.6

52.8

44.6

53.1

May..
June..
1
Compiled by the Credit Clearing House from reports to it by manufacturers and wholesalers on items of credit facts from their ledgers concerning merchants or jobbers
to whom they sell. The numerical data given above show the percentage which the number of payment items reported bears to the total number of transactions reported.
The commodities covered by these transactions are largely textiles. The year 1916 is taken^.s a base, as payments were abnormally high in 1919.
8
California, Oregon, and Washington.
» Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Idaho, and Wyoming.
* Montana, North and South Dakota, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.
5
Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio.
• Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, North and South Carolina.
i States east of and including Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Virginia.




132
CREDIT CONDITIONS.
Table 84.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

ORDERS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

INDEBTEDNESS.

United Pacific Moun- North Middle South j
tain Agricul- Agricul- Agricul-i East.'
2
States
average. Coast. Section.3 tural.* tural.5 tural.6 j

United Pacific Moun- North Middle South
2
tain Agricul- Agricul- AgriculStates
average. Coast. Section.' tural. * tural.* tural.e

East.?

Relative to 1916.
1916 m o . av..
1917 m o . av..
1918 m o . av..
1919 mo. av..
1920 m o . av..
1921 mo. av..

100
11
0
102
103
101

1OO
100
94
94
94
78

1OO
105
97
100
94
82

1OO
98
109
106
102
92

1OO
101
106
108
110
94

1OO
99
99
102
99
90

1OO
104
106
104
103
87

1OO
93
91
88
93
94

1OO
98
89
81
94
91

100

100

100

100

100

96

93
90
91
89
92

94
94
90
94
94

94
92
87
94
93

92
85
81
89
94

107
89
96
100

105
113
107
108.

104
109
110
118

102
99
97
104

102
105
109
117

92
85
85
87

97
85
80

100
85
80

90
80
74
87

94
86
78
87

90
84
84

91
85
78
82

104
101
96
96

102
100
102
101

110
117
123
117

100
104
102
96

105
108
106
104

91
96
92

96
91
97
93

98
102
115

95
85

91
92
100
89

93
96
95

83
87
89
87

96
97
82

113
106
90
77

115
110
98
85

106
106
99
71

109
109
99
67

93
100
104
108

102
99
96
104

113
100
112
114

102

96
99
104
107

93
104
106
108

85
91
100
108

58
83
81

81
94
93
85

71
93
92
92

58
88
84
82

90
87

97
81
79
93

82
66
80
80

91
96
79
88

85
76
76
94

93
74
78
92

103
84
82
91

84
77
93

70
82
96
92

82
78

78
91
112
109

95
105
104

84
88
95
98

95
101
97

94
92
89

92
98
80
84

105
101
93
90

97
96
87
90

100
95
91
92

96
92
94
88

99
95
91
87

82
80
67

90
97
79

91
91

103
100
94
96

102
107
99
95

94
86
76
90

94
101
105
109

92
111
104
117

107
111
106
110

87
96
111
108

95
103
107
113

90
94
103
105

92
107
102
107

93

90
93

94
102
111

103
106
113

91
90
94

86

109
102

117
100
105

114
117
101

95
95

108
98
95

111
106
100

100
99
95

90
101

1920.
January
February
March
April

103
104
103
109

105
111

May....
June
July....
August.

101
106
106
102

95

September..
October
November..
December..

108
106
95
74

1921.
January
February
March
April

87
85

90
83
73

63
73
72
84

May....
June
July....
August.

82
91

September..
October
November..
December..

98

1922.
January
February
March
April

100

99

89
93

92
93
97

May..
June.




See footnotes on opposite page, except boundaries of districts on page 17.

89

133
CREDIT CONDITIONS.
Table 95.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
ORDERS.

YEAR AND MONTH.

INDEBTEDNESS.

United Pacific Moun- North Middle South
tain
2
States
Agricul- Agricul- Agricul- East.?
average. Coast. Sections tural.* tural.* tural.*

United Pacific Moun- North Middle South
tain
States
Agricul- Agricul- Agricul- East.7
tural^
average. Coast.2 Section.3 tural." tural.s

Percentage of total recorded transactions.
27.6
28.0
28.2
28.3
28.0
24.6

33.2
33.1
31.3
31.3
31.2
25.8

30.6
32.2
29.7
30.5
28.8
25.0

25.8
25.4
28.0
27.3
26.3
23.8

27.2
27.5
28.7
29.3
29.8
25.6

27.7
27.4
27.5
28.2
27.4
24.9

26.3
27.4
28.0
27.4
27.2
22.9

38.8
36.2
35.2
34.1
36.2
36.6

34.2
33.6
30.6
27.6
32.1
31.0

34.5
33.0
33.7
30.9
34.7
33.9

38.8
36.1
35.0
35.5
34.7
35.6

37.8
35.7
35.4
34.1
35.4
35.7

40.6
38.1
37.4
35.5
38.1
37.9

39.3
36.2
33.5
31.7
34.9
37.1

1920.
January
February
March
April

28.3
28.8
28.4
30.2

34.9
36.8
32.5
33.2

32.7

27.2
29.2
27.7
27.9

28.3
29.7
29.9
32.0

28.2
27.3
27.0
28.7

26.9

35.8

33.2

34.4

35.0

32.9

28.9

29.4

31.1

28.7

33.1

27.2

27.5

28.6

30.8

33.6

30.1

30.8

33.6

35.6
32.6
29.5
32.9

36.6
34.1
34.1
35.8

35:6

27.6

32.4

May....
June
July....
August.

27.9
29.3
29.3
28.2

31.6
32.5
29.0
28.1

31.7
30.9
29.3
29.4

26.4

I

29.9

25.9

i

31.7

26.2

|

33.5

26.0

I

31.9

27.6
28.9
28.2
26.7

35.1
37.6
39.1
38.5

32.7
34.1
34.9
34.1

September..
October
November..
December..

29.7
29.2
26.3
20.3

32.6
30.0
27.5
25.1

29.3
29.6
25.0
21.0

29.2
27.3
23.2
19.8

31.2
29.9
26.6
23.2

29.5
29.5
27.5
19.7

1921.
January
February
March
April

17.5
24.4
23.8
23.3

19.5
24.3
23.8
26.4

17.7
25.4
24.7
20.8

20.8
24.2
23.9
22.0

19.3
25.2
24.9
25.1

16.0
24.3
23.3
22.6

May....
June
July....
August.

22.7
25.0
27.4
27.2

23.4
27.3
31.9
30.4

25.0
23.8
27.2
27.3

20.0
23.4
29.0
28.1

23.8
25.8
28.5
28.2

September..
October
November..
December..

27.0
27.1
24.6
25.5

27.2

27.6

27.4
29.7
24.1
26.8

23.4
23.6
22.9
24.7

27.9
27.1
25.5
26.0

1922.
January
February
March
April

25.4
25.6
26.9

29.3
31.0
32.0

26.9
27.4
28.6

24.2
26.2
28.6

27.9
28.9
30.6

1916 mo. av..
1917 mo. a v..
1918 mo. av..
1919 mo. av..
1920 mo. av..
1921 mo. av..

26.4
22.4

27.1

29.4
30.7

33.6
30.5

27.5

34.0

32.7

34.1

33.3

28.4

35.4

31.0

33.7

34.6

27.8

37.1

33.1

35.3

37.0

27.4

35.6

31.8

39.8

33.0

34.3
34.9
37.7
33.8

34.7
38.1
38.5
39.4

36.1
37.6
39.2
40.5

37.9
42.1
42.9
43.9

33.6
35.7
39. i
42.6

32.8
29.4
29.4
36.5

35.2
28.1
29.4
34.7

41.9
34.3
33.2
36.9

37.9
33.1
30.1
36.5

37.8
37.3
33.7
34.8

37.7

34.7

38.9
37.3
38.2
35.6

39.1
37.2
35.9
34.3

33.6
37.1
43.0
41.8

35.8
39.1
40.5
42.7

36.7
38.0
42.0
42.5

36.0
42.1
40.2
42.2

38.4
36.8
36.7

41.0
37.2
36.0

45.1
43.0
40.4

41.5
38.9
37.2

28.6

36.2

34.9

39.0

28.7

38.7

33.8

34.5

26.1

40.2

32.9

38.5

17.7

41.9

35.6

39.2

15.6

37.8

27.9

31.3

23.8

31.6

22,7

33.1

23.0

30.6

27V3

27.4

22.6

35.9

27.2

30.5

23.2

21.9

38.3

31.6

36.2

24.5

25.1

36.5

33.6

34.9

26.3

26.6

35.8

27.3

32.0

27.2

25.4

34.5

28.8

30.9

28.3

24.6

36.3

29.6

22.7

39.2

31.5
38.1

36.9
38. 4

27.3

20.1

40.9

35.7

36.6

26.3

23.6

42.2

39.9

38.0

25.3

23.1

42.3

40.0

39.2

24.8

22.7

39.7

34.1

40.5

26.0

23.4

38.1

36.0

35.0

36.0
34.5

May..
June..
i Compiled by the Credit Clearing House from reports to it by manufacturers and wholesalers on items of credit facts from their ledgers concerning merchants or jobbers
to whom they sell. The numerical data given above show the percentage which the number of items reported relating to orders or to creation of indebtedness bears to the
totalnumber of transactions reported. As one transaction may cover both an order and an indebtedness or a payment, the sum of the percentages of orders, indebtedness
and payments will usually exceed 100 per cent. The commodities covered are largely textiles, and the individual orders are stated to average from $250 to $600, depending
on trade conditions. The year 1916 is taken as a base, as it is believed to be more nearly normal than 1919, in which orders and payments were unusually large and
indebtedness unusually small.
For boundaries of districts see page 17.




134
FOREIGN EXCHANGE.
Table 96.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page. ]
EUROPE.

YEAH AND MONTH.

England.

France. Italy.

Belgium.

ASIA.

Ger- Netherm a n y . lands.

Sweden.

Switzerland.

THE AMERICAS

Japan. India. 2 f C a n ada.

Argen- Brazil.
tina.

Chile.

INDEX
NUMBER. 3

Relative to par.
Par value
1914 average.
1915 average.
1916 average.
1917 average.
1918 average.
1919 average.
19tO average.
1921 average..

100

100

106

100

100

100

100

100

1Q0

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

101

103

101

94

87

97

88

80

99

102

100

73

90

71

109

103

103

77

119

107

92

69

91

71

59

75

36

26

38

7

79

39

22

38

5

13

72

95

104

78

103

96

103

82

115

101

97

89

94

69

94

40

62

84

84

90

97

54

81

76

1920.

January
February
March
April

75

44

37

44

94

77

93

100

90

92

102

85

106

78

69

36

29

37

93

69

85

98

98

87

102

81

109

70

77

37

28

39

92

76

88

95

98

102

82

110

72

81

32

23

35

92

82

93

97

96

92

102

83

109

73

May
June
July
August..

79

36

27

37

91

79

92

103

89

90

101

82

101

72

81

41

31

43

11

90

81

94

103

84

100

77

97

74

79

42

30

45

11

87

82

91

103

79

§6

70

98

74

74

37

2S

40

82

77

86

103

75

90

64

93

66

September.
October
November.
December..

72

3*

22

37

78

75

84

103

69

99

86

67

34

20

36

77

74

82

103

63

91

54

80

61

71

31

33

75

71

80

102

61

51

72

58

72

31

19
18

32

77

73

101

55

88
84
80
82

56

71

47

73

55

18
19
20
24

35

82

80

81

37
36
38

39

85

83

85

98

57

97

53

97

54

1921.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August..
September.
October
November.
December..
1923.
January
February
March
April

77
80
80
81

38

85

39

90

82
83
81
77

43

27

43

78

42

26

42

83

84

97
96

75

40

23

40

79

79

96

40

22

39

77

79

97

50

54

74

55

47

76

54

43

66

57

42

61

65

36

56

59

32

53

53

36

52

52

47

75

73

72

54
50

47
48

74

59

82

77

38

22

37

79

81

79

38

21

37

83

85

82

37

21

36

87

40

23

39

91

87

42

23

40

45

25

43

94

90

47

26

44

94

97

54

90

72

38

55

51

96

56

91

76

39

60

46

87

97

96

55

92

76

39

56

51

91

101

56

93

78

39

55

56

95

39

52

59

41

53

58

42

58

56

91

90

90

94

101
97

95

57

101

95

58

101

95

57

MayJune.




88

See footnotes on opposite page.

97

86

135
FOREIGN EXCHANGE.
Table 97.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faoed type; index numbers on opposite page.]
EUROPE.

YEAB AND MONTH.

England.

France.

Italy.

Belgium.

ASIA.

Ger- NetherSwitzer- Japan.
many. lands. Sweden. land.

THE AMERICAS.

ArgenIndia.' Canada. tina.

Brazil.

Chile.

Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate per
pound
gold
mark. guilder. krone.
franc.
franc.
dollar.
yen.
lire
rupee.
sterling. franc.
peso.
Par value
1914 average.
1915 average.
1916 average.
1917 average .

$4.87
5.14
4.78
4.76
4.76

$0,193
.199
.182
.17§
.174

$0,193
.195
.169
.155
.137

SO. 193

4.76
4.43
3.66
3.85

.178
.137
.070
.•75

.134
.114
.050
.043

.128
.074
.074

3.68
3.38
3.73
3.93

.085
.070
.072
.062

.071
.055
.053
.045

May....
June
July....
August..

3.85

3.62

.969
.080
.081
.872

September.
October
November.
December..

3.51
3.47
3.44
3.49

1931.
January
February
March
April

$0,338

$0,403

$0,368

$0,193
.194
.187
.191
.211

$0,499
.491
.495
.507
.513

$0,487

$1,000

$0,965

$0,334

.941
.964
.997

$0.195«

.234
.236
.249

.018
.011

.391
.344
.637

.255
.205
.226

.229
.190
.169
.174

.533
.512
.504
.483

.403
.389
.263

.956
.893
.812

.999
.990
.907
.731

.253
.267
.226
.131

.085
.072
.075
.067

.017
.011
.013
.017

.378
.373
.368
.371

.207
.186
.203
.219

.179
.165
.17*
.179

.500
.490
.475
.486

.440
.476
.478
.468

.915
.865
.894
.916

.985
.987
.983

.275
.262
.365
.268

.207
.213
.214
.213

.052
.059
.058
.049

.072
.083
.086
.077

.022
.026
.025
.021

.366
.361
.350
.329

.212
.218
.219
.206

.177
.182
.176
.167

.515
.514
.516
.516

.433
.410
.384
.364

.908
.882
.881

.971
.961
.923
.871

.268
.251
.228
.207

.197
.190
.131
.181

.067
.065
.060
.059

.043
.039
.036
.035

.072
.069
.064
.062

.017
.015
.013
.014

.313
.309
.302
.310

.202
.197
.191
.196

.163
.159
.155
.154

.514
.513
.508
.503

.336
.306
.297
.269

.904
.909
.893

.846
.814
.769
.787

.183
.175
.166
.153

.168
.156
.140
.142

3.74
3.88
3.91
3.93

.064
.072
.070
.072

.035
.036
.038
.046

.068
.075
.074
.074

.016
.016
.016
.016

.329
.342
.344
.348

.214
.223
.228
.238

.157
.164
.171
.174

.487
.487
.486
.485

.277
.260
.263

.876
.881
.878

.794
.804
.782
.739

.151
.156
.151
.140

.143
.144
.148
.130

May
June
July....
August.

3.98
3.78
3.63
3.65

.064
.081
.078
.078

.053
.050
.045
.043

.084
.880
.076
.075

.016
.014
.013
.012

.356
.333
.318
.310

.235
.226
.210
.211

.17§
.170
.165
.168

.485
.480
.480
.484

.265
.245
.231
.242

.718

.137
.116
.104
.118

.119
.109
.104
.102

September.
October
November..
December..

3.72
3.87
3.97
4.16

.073
.073
.072
.078

.042
.040
.041
.044

.072
.071
.069
.075

.010
.007
.004
.006

.317
.335
.350
.363

.218
.229
.232
.245

.172
.182
.188
.194

.482
.477
.479
.479

.264
.274
.269
.274

.914
.915

.731
.735

.124
.127
.126
.127

.107
.117
.110
.108

1933.
January
February....
March
April

4.22
4.36
4.38

.082
.087
.090

.044
.049
.051

.078
.083
.084

.005
.005
.004

.367
.376
.378

.249
.261
.267

.194
.195
.194

.476
.474
.473

.278
.281
.278

.963

.772
.826
.828

.126
.132
.137

.101
.104
.114

1§18
1919
1920
1921

average .
average.
average.
average..

\
!
!

.220
.184
. 120

1930.

January
February
March
April

..

.882

May..
June.
1
Daily averages of noon rates for cable transfers reported to the Treasury daily by the New York Federal Reserve Bank. Average figures for the years 1914 to
1918, inclusive, where given, are weekly averages of commercial quotations from the Annalist.
* Parity established October, 1920. Prior to that, par value of the rupee was 32.44 cents.
8
The foreign exchange index number recently computed by the Federal Reserve Board is based upon the average rates of exchange for 18 countries. The index represents the weighted geometric average of cable transfer rates on these countries. The weights used are based on the total volume of imports and exports of merchandise.
gold, and silver from and to each country for the preceding month. The countries used in computing the index are Belgium, Denmark, England, France, Germany,
Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, India, and Japan.
< Average value of the paper peso in 1913.




136

IMPORTS INTO THE UNITED STATES.
Table 98.—INDEX

NUMBERS.

Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
FROM NORTH
AMERICA.

FROM EUROPE.

YEAH AND MONTH.

Total.

France.

Germany.

Italy.

United
Kingdom.

FROM SOUTH
AMERICA.

Total.

Total.

Canada.

Argentina.

FROM ASIA
FROM
AND OCEANIA* AFRICA 1
GRAND
TOTAL.
Total. Japan.
Total.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

100
91

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.

75

100
81

100
113
131

100
115
125

163

109

100
106
95
112

63

56

24

93

73

78

3

169

167

216

64

71

0

66

103

224

291

37

43

0

44

55

250

87

89

6

107

114

297

142

119

48

136

189

427

88

102

44

113

88

January...
February.
March
April

155
148
174
155

129
110
146
126

29
25
46
41

216
179
155
157

221
229
265
233

May....
June
July....
August.

128
165
165
159

91
140
146
131

32
56

138
119
153
119

September.
October
November.
December..

126
122
114 j
94

106
101
101
103

63
52
49
37

76
107
96

86
100
123
100

84
76
79
82

100

100
100

100
116

100

100

107

370

116

109

146

100
100
99

455

193

184

261

133

302

697

271

256

308

165

318

308

893

330

305

360

169

348

347

779

378

414

473

218

220

100

100

100
83

431

384

813

467

419

633

294

236

149

234

207

254

170

140

579
422
451
427

363
335
349
342

472
411
442
460

1,002
709
901
1,013

552
487
576
540

678
524
568
512

1,028
1,397
1,376
1,387

317
313
351
332

193
219
205
192

460
662
597
517

411
407
361
502

384
491
440
383

1,084
791
868
782

448
501
530
602

371
491
482
490

414
307
603
474

289
370
360
343

95
115
102

151
148
118
85

325
308
313
275

456
605
532
503

377
287
243
217

1,074
703

321
258
189
144

214
35
152
175

243
223
215
178

30
32
48
43

72
45
115
117

77
83
120
115

198
243
284
276

278
264
264

186
160
198
185

269
249
395
251

189
195
172
232

108
142
130
287

222
159
256
208

140
144
169
170

102
93
98
91

42
45
54
48

155
107
109
134

85
65
66
71

214
168
146
156

221
197
199
200

141
119
119
144

228
191
218
312

186
204
200
227

276
246
304
311

115
158
82
71

137
124
119
130

117
92
120

44
50
39
47

118
150
122
117

81
85
97
109

143
165
173
159

204
248
243
226

103
107
162
164

132
141
225
202

194
179
202
300

275
207
273

62
143
218
345

120
126
141
159

92
101
112

47
58
63

100
69
119

92
117
147

174
178
225

212
170
219

138
152
144

245
291
222

248
209
239

339
272
235

228
318
523

145
144
171

1920.

358

1921.
January...
February.
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September.
October
November..
December...

93
97
101

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

95
99
119

May..
June.




See footnotes on opposite page.

137

IMPORTS INTO THE UNITED STATES,
Table 99.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
FROM NORTH
AMERICA.

FROM EUROPE.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total.

France.

Germany.

Italy.

United
Kingdom.

FROM SOUTH
AMERICA.

FROM
FROM ASIA
AND OCEANIA. AFRICA
GRAND
TOTAL.

Total.

Canada.

Total.

Argentina.

Total.

Japan.

Total.

Thousands of dollars.
811,578 $15,351 84,610
4,601
12,449
8,685
4,297
3,746
6,493
5,020
485
9,074
3,040
13
8,220

8 2 2 , 6 6 3 8 3 2 , 4 3 5 811,844 816,522 82,131
23,949
36,783
13,669
19,127
4,690
21,525
42,455
14,800
26,857
7,890
25,457
54,870
19,771
35,634
9,691
23,340
72,665
34,473
49,902
14,855

826,344
26,265
30,489
50,865
71,455

88,245
'8,808
9,026
15,174
21,139

81,978
1,638
2,887
5,158

19,032
16,597
17,315
4,994

86,837
99,696
123,058
54,447

25,162
34,154
34,548
20,939

7,126
9,349
12,524
3,365

252,601
325,364
439,873
209,085

77,939
67,907
73,010
76,014

21,344
15,104
19,190
21,581

145,479
128,390
151,790
142,131

55,928
43,225
46,871
42,182

20,334
27,623
27,217
27,428

473,904
467,634
523,978
495,741

48,704
48,181
42,724
59,470

63,404
81,167
72,721
63,301

23,104
16,853
18,502
16/671

117,943
132,069
139,677
158,710

30,627
40,510
39,744
40,389

8,189
6,070
11,930
9,384

431,005
552,875
537,119
513,111

105,548
100,163
101,828
89,222

53,977
71,619
63,013
59,581

62,355
47,379
40,127
35,884

22,883
14,971
8,098
9,454

100,119
97,157
94,205
70,061

26,437
21,240
15,566
11,864

4,227
700
3,015
3,457

363,290
333,196
321,209
266,057

17,438
18,885
27,090
26,172

64,179
78,798
92,112
89,669

34,232
32,874
31,215
31,285

30,750
26,509
32,685
30,535

5,730
5,316
8,413
5,345

49,898
51,244
45,309
61,079

11,711
10,678
23,637

4,391
3,148
5,064
4,140

208,797
214,530
251,969
254,579

7,131
4,946
5,018
5,728

19,374
14,842
14,984
15,983

69,603
54,575
47,351
50,583

26,143
23,289
23,627
23,695

23,358
19,620
19,700
23,799

4,854
4,062
4,638
6,646

48,871
53,648
52,737
59,849

22,760
20,253
•25,106
25,646

2,275
3,129
1,618
1,399

204,911
185,690
178,159
194,769

6,785
7,624
5,914
7,372

5,438
6,917
5,607
5,393

18,299
19,215
21,888
24,626

46,349
53,443
56,317
51,747

24,189
29,416
28,767
26,709

17,133
17,712
26,717
27,106

2,818
2,995
4,803
4,307

51,170
47,241
53,345
78,969

22,700
17,077
22,519
40,242

1,233
2,843
4,315
6,819

179,292
188,008
210,948
237,373

7,223
8,901
9,633

4,590
3,180
5,501

20,805
26,499
33,362

56,529
57,701
73,192

25,214
20,137
25,937

22,803
25,114
23,745

5,229
6,193
4,727

65,237
55,152
63,057

27,941
22,406
19,357

4,513
6,291
10,342

217,195
215,743
256,178

1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly average monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.

$72,056
65,293
45,529
52,776
45,929

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.

26,510
62,544
102,320
63,745

4,959
10,318
13,805
11,824

26
884
7,403

2,028
4,922
6,280
5,191

12,385
25,766
42,821
19,900

81,218
96,481
138,555
62,894

37,641
41,225
50,989
27,953

50,911
57,294
63,417
24,635

January
Fobruary
March
April

112,030
106,744
125,463
111,347

14,981
12,678
16,939
14,628

4,386
3,882
7,094
6,369

9,942
8,252
7,139
7,242

50,183
51,991
60,045
52,890

188,122
136,970
146,499
138,822

43,051
39,646
41,321
40,509

May....
June
July....
August..

91,962
118,561
118,863
114,814

10,488
16,164
16,960
15,154

4,850
8,540
10,436
12,488

6,380
5,504
7,035
5,465

43,796
49,575
46,524
43,415

149,507
215,009
193,927
167,902

91,041
87,797
82,035
67,432

12,325
11,749
11,712
11,896

9,645
7,923
7,558
5,666

4,035
4,365
5,320
4,688

34,277
33,613
26,824
19,335

January...
February.
March
April

59,579
54,830
76,798
69,156

10,012
11,578
14,200
11,591

4,630
4,952
7,368
6,676

3,339
2,061
5,299
5,413

May
June....
July....
August..

60,804
54,718
56,754
59,139

11,823
10,785
11,316
10,923

6,456
6,975
8,217
7,309

September.
October
November..
December..

63,408
66,769
70,254
72,733

13,565
10,677
13,930
11,484

68,113
71,485
85,842

10,654
11,656
13.025

8149,383
149,106
148,216
199,303
246,039

1920.

September
October
November
December
1921.

1922.
January...
February.
March
April
May..
June.

..
1
I

i Compiled by the U. 8. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, and represent imports of merchandise only. Up to and including May,
1921, import values represented "actual market value or wholesale price at the time of exportation to the United States, in the principal markets of the country from whence
exported, including the value of all containers and coverings, whether holding liquids or solids, and all other costs, charges, and expenses incident to placing the merchandise in condition, packed ready for shipment to the United States." (Tariff act of 1913.) Beginning with June, 1921, the import values are either the actual foreign market
value, as defined above, or "the export value, including any export tax imposed by the country of exportation," whichever is higher. (Emergency tariff act of May 27,
192U




138
EXPORTS FROM THE UNITED STATES.
Table 100.—INDEX NUMBEES.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faoed type; numerical data on opposite page.]

TO NORTH
AMERICA.

TO EUROPE.

YEAB AND MONTH.

Total.

France.

Germany.

Italy.

United
Kingdom.

TO SOUTH
AMERICA.

Total. Canada. Total.

Argentina.

TO ASIA AND
OCEANIA.

TO
AFRICA
GRAND
TOTAL.

Total.

Japan.

Total.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly average
1914 tnonthlv average
1915 tnonthlv average
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly average

100
89
172
254
271

100
111
325
559
611

1918 monthlv average
1919 montklv average
1920 monthlv average
1§21 monthly average

257
346
298
158

6f5
580
439
146

January
February
March
April

366

523

5%

307

511

63

372

553

71

291

449

May

307
237

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

45

124

102

80

77

62

49

85

67

88

85

3

343

203

93

86

98

96

116

73

128

143

1

1OO

386

319

154

150

150

140

226

175

187

221

533

(*)

340

210

206

213

195

263

298

178

251

626

349

220

220

207

191

290

438

265

248

26

563

386

216

182

301

284

432

586

338

319

88

473

309

321

241

426

389

502

605

573

331

106

274

160

188

147

187

202

311

377

252

181

604

435

269

217

325

306

496

931

173

349

398

344

249

188

331

253

498

670

568

449

306

239

442

369

749

1,424

715

396

80

658

272

305

146

385

325

617

1,055

569

331

443

71

501

308

368

273

477

373

567

889

883

360

287

67

334

244

350

305

379

297

559

679

613

304

273
234

460

96

442

262

331

293

367

348

489

407

611

315

299

66

274

242

318

266

382

367

386

305

552

279

1920.

July

312

251

68

448

289

336

260

446.

475

353

190

317

292

617

111

544

326

358

258

490

477

414

232

710

363

286

460

120

412

253

339

206

535

568

398

173

639

327

311

December

368

339

October

296

199

487

282

323

184

551

506

499

352

688

348

1921.
260

279

166

448

225

316

lfe

503

529

550

440

576

316

February
March
April

191

159

132

397

190

222

134

318

359

493

423

506

235

159
140

153
106

104

258
208

159
171

192

143

234

266

311

315

365

187

65

188

146

170

160

256

233

240

164

May
June
July
August

141

77

70

344

163

148

168

234

236

105

347

131

146

143

161

263

328

193
167

159

99

179
184

150

142
147

109

124

209

145

174

155

127

158

204

280

154

163
157

165

117

213

183

204

203

114

120

233

218

174

177

142

168
202

150
283

121
173

174
154

167
133

114

113
116

253
293

374

125

483

110
173

157
166

.

October
November
December

157

..........

125
90

123

150

83

202

123

143

123

109

111

298

502

202

142

124

134

74

229

140

124

104

133

158

340

590

167

143

1922.
119

February
March
April

138

81

141

132

116

97

114

135

316

537

134

135

103

125

75

86

108

119

105

115

136

252

361

180

120

144

149

122

100

148

147

132

141

152

312

439

218

156

May

Jane




See footnotes on opposite page.

139

EXPORTS FROM THE UNITED STATES.
Table 101.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
TO NORTH
AMERICA.

TO EUROPE.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Total.

GerFrance. many.

Italy.

United
Kingdom.

Total.

TO SOUTH
AMERICA.

Canada. Total.

Argentina.

TO ASIA AND
TO
AFRICA
OCEANIA.
GRANB
TOTAL.
Total.

Japan.

Total.

Thousands of dollars.
1913 monthly average... $ 1 2 4 , 9 6 4 912,3^7 829,328 86,556
1914 monthly average... 111,608
13,191
14,175
8,161
1915 monthly average... 214,451
981
22,477
41,733
1916 monthly average... 317,773
188
25,294
71,735
1917 monthly average... 338,538
34,920
78,399

$49,228
49,984
99,870
157,282
167,450

$50,093
40,132
46,567
77,046
105,081

833,599 $12,210
7,584
25,885
12,011
28,754
18,356
50,409
69,077
25,991

84,582
2,261
4,403
6,406
8,925

$17,319
14,700
20,099
39,211
45,567

$5,208
3,479
3,811
9,096
15,528

$2,411
2,110
3,095
4,501
4,282

8207,002
176,135
296,223
456,887
519,459

1918 monthly average...
1919 monthly average...
1920 monthly average...
1921 monthly average...

321,558
432,306
372,174
196,993

77,600
74,447
56,349
18,745

7,730
25,953
31,027

41,015
36,890
30,980
17,955

171,774
189,880
152,086
78,926

110,457
107,983
160,764
94,136

73,906
61,187
80,988
49,473

25,226
36,812
51,993
22,777

8,759
12,992
17,811
9,236

50,250
74,775
86,932
53,782

22,815
30,530
31,495
19,520

4,933
8,160
13,806
6,073

512,424
660,035
685 668
373,760

1920.
January
February
Marck
April

457,507
384,052
466,354
364,094

67,074
65,520
70,882
57,622

14,675
18,599
20,940
23,471

39,620
26,084
37,210
43,143

214,088
169,122
221,119
133,714

134,898
124,817
153,294
152,653

72,856
63,316
80,341
48,980

39,633
40,441
53,992
47,027

14,008
11,612
16,925
14,869

85,848
86,167
129,673
106,834

48,479
34,884
74,159
54,967

4,179
9,667
17,242
13,712

722,064
645,145
819,556
684,319

May
June
July
August..

383,572
296,133
340,986
292,263

56,845
36,800
58,962
38,322

20,848
19,700
28,036
19,422

32,854
21,915
28,980
17,952

151,819
120,155
128,885
119,298

184,298
175,315
165,932
159,163

91,700
102,323
98,395
89,253

58,224
46,256
44,809
46,640

17,094
13,587
15,923
16,817

98,134
96,894
84,$25
66,803

43,702
35,355
21,188
15,880

21,295
14,779
14,724
13,313

745,823
629,377
651,136
578,183

September.
October
November.
December..

313,277
423,310
357,198
388,344

47,205
79,085
59,010
38,010

19,797
32,449
35,061
58,439

29,375
35,689
26,997
31,945

142,479
160,440
124,461
138,854

168,127
179,333
169,741
161,591

87,264
86,738
61,700

54,471
59,828
65,285
67,251

21,782
21,858
26,045
23,207

61,180
71,624
68,893
86,508

9,904
12,067
9,023
18,333

7,632
17,116
15,411
16,592

604,686
751,211
676,528
720,287

1921.
January
February
March
April....

325,219
238,816
199,256
175,139

35,825
20,432
19,597
13,582

48,812
38,837
30,503
19,133

29,357
26,004
16,908
13,634

110,794
93,450
78,155
84,247

158,528
111,381
96,083
94,300

54,373
45,179
48,168
48", 988

61,430
38,804
28,621
20,718

24,228
16,441
12,166
7,345

95,201
85,361
53,915
44,422

22,84«
22,029
16,410
12,148

13,893
12,091
8,806
5,776

654,271
486,454
386,680
340,364

May
June
July
August..

176,799
177,814
183,195
206,228

9,863
12,708
13,946
IS, 050

20,485
30,796
36,324
38,284

22,537
22,743
13,674
13,944

80,288
64,439
71,315
90,257

89,647
92,071
87,357
102,141

50,483
49,100
51,996
68,362

18,036
17,496
15,548
13,919

7,690
7,388
7,257
5,486

40,586
45,483
35,374
40,402

12,307
17,057
14,588
16,548

4,642
4,034
3,708
4,198

329,710
336,899
325,181
366,888

September.
October
November.
December..

177,246
196,054
153,088
155,062

21,579
25,849
19,262
17,249

36,774
26,266
24,326
21,786

9,857
18,554
13,249
15,001

59,475
84,951
60,640

87,138
77,128
71,646
62,207

55,972
44,750
41,195
35,109

13,920
15,308
13,320
16,201

5,179
5,318
5,100
7,235

43,897
50,677
51,256
58,804

19,499
25,159
26,126
30,718

2,662
4,163
4,866
4,031

324,d63
343,331
294,176
296,306

1922.
January
February
March
April

148,939
128,956
180,121

17,730
16,054
19,080

23,669
22,053
35,658

9,266
5,637
6,558

64,853
53,390
72,793

58,136
59,724
73,565

32,603
35,303
44,477

13,864
14,096
17,200

6,187
6,246
6,987

54,727
43,626
54,112

27,985
18,788
22,852

3,232
4,346
5,267

278,898
250,748
323,452

May..
June.
1
Compiled by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, and represent exports, including reexports, of merchandise only. Values
are those at time of exportation in the ports of the United States whence exported, except reexports from bonded warehouses, which are expressed in their import value.
«Total for year 1917 is 13,275. No figures for 1918.




140

FOREIGN TRADE OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.
Table 102.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
EXPORTS
(values).

IMPORTS
(values).

YEAR AND MONTH.

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES 2
(quantities).

REEXPORTS
(values).

Wool! ManManFood,
Food,
! Food,
Manen
drink, Raw ufac- Cot- and Iron
drink, Raw I ufaci drink, Raw ufacton
and mate- | tured ! Total. I and mate- tured Total. and mate- tured piece wor- and
Total.
rial. | artirial. arti- goods. sted steel.
toI torial. artitocles.
cles.
bacco.
i bacco.
bacco.
cles.
tissues.
j Relative to
!

Relative to 1913.
100
82
71
96

100
83
94
98
113

xoo

123
138

100
84
102
120
137

171
212
252
142

196
244
266
196

163
229
252
96

145
138
235
127

95
152
254
136

37
102
156
115

87
174
208
91

154
272
143

303
239
256
237

333
339
326
305

195
205
236
236

242
196
237
243

175
147
158
146

239
249
209

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

100
91
115

1918 m o n t h l y
1919 m o n t h l y
1920 m o n t h l y
1921 m o n t h l y

average.
average.
average.
average.

82
73
96
100

100
| 1OO
89 |
84
77
75
91
92
50 !
96

Relative to

1920.

1OO
103
131
144
157

1913 m o n t h l y
1914 m o n t h l y
1915 m o n t h l y
1916 m o n t h l y
1917 m o n t h l y

Coal.

1913.

100
87
90
89
64

100
109
140
132
47

100
84
85
77
68

1OO
82
75
93
64

1OO
78
65
67
47

100
80
59
52
48

28
150
203

25
269
289
190

22
142
192
78

43
105
181
90

100
66

100
43

33
46
70
35

43
48
34
34

242
195
243
259

279
248
296
223

386
261
244
247

303
285
352
239

171
160
205
176

112
84
107
115

110
82
110
115

55
70
66

55
43
39
33

103

May
June
July
August..

260
266
255
239

269
279
288
255

258
247
221
218

252
277
257
248

273
266
314
263

148
159
166
129

227
197
215
180

294
289
347
291

222
220
135
146

254
310
274
255

224
206
173
104

199
203
203
181

120
110
107
99

119
113
126
103

95
69
89
67

35
32
34
30

September.
October
November..
December..

238
234
225
223

278
286
254
246

190
189
198
207

251
225
223
214

268
257
273
221

159
172
174
141

163
165
161
211

279
302
230

146
177
144
139

271
347
319
301

102
132
93

176
181
159
154

103
82
93
67

79
88
62

62
67
56
46

24
23
22
38

January...
February.
March
April

183
151
146
140

203
197
210
219

158
109
76
70

189
145
155
126

212
156
153
137

142
113
107
137

132
101
100
50

233
170
166
152

109
88
97
93

163
117
215
191

92
82
76
72

117
83
80
87

67
66
63
50

63
48
41
46

57
41
36

May

207
215
174
209

71
78

July
August..,

135
138
126
138

120
109
112
113

87
99
117

77
90
99
115

25
19
48
121

113
98
107
116

79
78
103
109

147
168
230
206

64
49
76

75
90
90
105

39
41
48
57

34
33
36
37

25
17
15
18

0
0
13
51

September..
October
November..
December..

136
132
139
133

200
184
171
162

87
91
128
118

111
116
111
113

146
142
144
136

122
128
132
117

120
126
121
133

128
147
149
138

94
114
108
101

204
230
222
183

72
96
90
80

84
88
84
102

72
96
98

28
50
49
52

32
38
47
50

56
56
59
70

119
108
137

140
133
187

105
86
94

110
103
126

145
133
148

105
101
120

121
118
145

151
140
151

111
111

162
171
204

75
100
94

105

92
68
82

71
54
68

61
54
71

66
66
85

1921.

June

28
32
10

1922.
January...
February..
March
April
May..
June..




See footnotes on opposite page.

141

FOREIGN TRADE OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.
Table 103.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[ Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

EXPORTS
(values).

IMPORTS
(values).

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total.

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES 2

REEXPORTS
(values).

(quantities).

Food,
Food,
Food,
Manudrink, Raw Manudrink, Raw
drink, Raw
facCotton ™I°°!fn> Iron
facmate- tured Total.
and
Total. and mate- tured piece J S i a l and Coal.
rial, articles.
d | ~ £ ; se l
t e.
rial. artitototo- ! rial,
articles.
bacco.
bacco.
cles.
bacco.!
Thousands of
square yards.

Thousands of pounds sterling (£).

1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly av
monthly a v .
monthly a v .
monthly a v .
monthly a v .

64,061 24,184 23,485 1 6 , 1 3 4
58,053 24,995
19,711
13,374
73,491 31,740 23,881
15,121
79,042 34,931 28,066
15,766
88,680 37,893 32,067
18,214

43,770 2,716 5,825 34,281
2,412
4,893 28,219
35,893
2,090
4,363 24,411
32,072
2,458 5,362 32,783
42,190
43,923
1,361 5,597 35,301

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly a v .
monthly a v .
monthly a v .
monthly av

109,678
135,513
161,379
90,668

47,491
58,938
64,291
47,382

38,207
53,834
59,292
22,598

23,343
22,219
37,902
20,425

41,785
66,553
111,289
59,310

1,001
2,775
4,241
3,122

5,083
10,107
12,138
5,322

1920.
January
February
March
April

186,498
170,514
176,648
167,154

73,387
57,683
61,808
57,387

78,137
79,612
76,540
71,587

31,528
33,042
38,156
38,050

105,880
85,964
103,699
106,251

4,763
3,987
4,280
3,959

16,654
13,825
14,482
12,194

May
Jun8
July....
August..

166,334
170,491
163,342
153,255

64,993
67,566
69,571
61,785

60,509
57,919
51,899
51,268

40,580
44,681
41,423
40,016

119,319
116,352
137,452
114,903

September.
October
November.
December..

152,692
149,889
144,260
142,785

67,269
69,168
61,499
59,378

44,557
44,299
46,560
48,613

40,573
36,267
35,955
34,553

January
February
March
April

117,051
96,974
93,742

49,158
47,750
50,888
52,908

37,005
25,504
17,739
16,547

May....
June
July....
August.

86,308
88,180
80,757
88,581

50,094
51,915
42,090
50,584

September.
October
November..
December..

87,118
84,742
89, 259
85,312

1922.
January
February
March
April

76,488
69,275
87,879

9,131 1,329 5,336 2 , 4 5 5

| Thousands of
i long tons.
414
324
270
279
195

6,117

137

143

2,646
2,937
2,078
2,055

24,413
18,232
24,355
25,478

258
227
291
272

3,359
2,601
2,406
1,996

443,688
406,334
395,849
367,144

26,476
24,987
28,027
22,736

392
286
370
279

2,140
1,931
2,097
1,847

4,317
4,444
3,896
3,787

382,591
305,339
343,575
248,443

20,653
17,574
19,513
13,697

255
277
232
192

1,476
1,417
1,361
2,302

4,904
4,386
4,074
3,844

2,865
2,041
1,962
2,134

249,613
244,949
232,043
186,849

13,877
10,693
9,121
10,209

236
168
150
163

1,700
1,729
1,968
607

1,958
2,229
3,066
2,744

3,418
2,616
4,082
4,683

1,850
2,219
2,216
2,567

145,769
152,782
177,530
212,403

7,566
7,235
8,045
8,232

102
69
64
76

14
8
816
3,103

8,595
10,386
9,823
9,204

2,710
3,057
2,944
2,435

3,822
5,143
4,818
4,263

2,057
2,164
2,060
2,501

265,386
353,825
363,633
330,476

6,104
11,109
10,978
11,574

133
156
194
205

3,407
3,407
3,594
4,309

8,459
10,174
10,154

2,155
2,276
2,709

4,015
5,323
5,015

2,285
2,575
2,428

339,348
252,278
304,293

15,813
11,995
15,057

254
224
296

4,021
4,014
5,201

3 565, 415
3 478, 763
3 395, 417
3 438, 318
3
415, 004

3 14,718
3 13,417
312,460
315,432
3 13,874

7,956
8,255
8,131
5,806

1,453
1,867
1,756
620

4,488
4,549
4,095
3,615

33,880
52,663
93,394
49,048

2,579
13,729
18,534
8,921

336
3,575
3,842
2,520

1,194
7,571
10,249
4,171

1,048 3 308,321 3 8,208
2,575 3 298, 782 313,706
4,437 370,138 2 2 , 1 7 8
2,220
9,562
242,938

83,086
66,733
83,387

25,464
22,604
27,031
20,407

5,134
3,473
3,242
3,287

16,143
15,201
18,767
12,771

4,187
3,929
5,022
4,327

414,875
312,185
397,418
424,216

4,020
4,313
4,515
3,503

13,211 100,727
11,447 99,081
12,551 118,954
10,467 99,645

20,260
20,124
17,848
13,368

3,376
4,120
3,638
3,385

11,975
11,010
9,221
5,529

4,897
4,992
4,989
4,453

117,456
112,295
119,365
96,631

4,311
4,678
4,723
3,842

9,515
9,632
9,399
12,277

102,216
95,701
103,694
78,819

13,351
16,134
13,115
12,699

3,601
4,605
4,243
3,995

5,418
7,061
4,975
4,917

30,467
23,394
24,980
20,374

92,756
68,222

3,852
3,075
2,897
3,729

7,668
5,881
5,832
2,936

79,746
58,177
56,969
52,019

9,955
8,004
8,888
8,524

2,160
1,552
2,851
2,543

16,711
18,389
20,232
19,589

19,282
17,600
18,005
18,194

43,088
38,150
43,172
51,346

2,101
2,439
2,702
3,124

1,437
1,125
2,775
7,058

38,662
33,658
36,705
39,936

7,232
7,080
9,362
9,998

48,410
44,475
41,246
39,063

20,465
21,256
29,946
27,792

17,905
18,691
17,913
18.291

63,842
62,265
59,375

3,300
3,466
3,586
3,187

6,997
7,359
7,0i6
7,746

44,009
50,238
51,094
47,368

33,972
32,257
45,261

24,565
20,220
22,095

17,710
16,576
20,309

63,147
58,335
64,581

2,861
2,754
3,270

7,032
6,869
8,465

51,824
48,000
51,760

2,007
1,835
2,271
1,566

190
290

4,920
3,628
3,196
2,916

1921.

May..
June.

I
1

Compiled from British official reports by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
8
Figures include exports and reexports.
• Figures for years 1913-1919, inclusive, are in linear yards.
NOTE.—See p. 135 for exchange rate on pound sterling.




142

FOREIGN TRADE OF FRANCE.
Table 104.—INDEX NUMBEBS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[ Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
EXPORTS *
(values).

IMPORTS'
(values).

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total
all
commodities.

Foodstuffs.

Raw
material.

Manufactured

artldes.

Total
all
commodities.

Foodstuffs.

Raw
material.

EXPORTS OF KEY COMMODITIES
(quantities).
Manu- Chemfacical
tured
prodartiucts.
cles. <

Iron
and
steel.

LinPerSilk Cotton gerie fumes
and
fabrics. fabrics. wearing and

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.

100
76
132
245
327

100
100
188
278
384

100
71
94
197
240

100
65
185
352
524

1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

265
425
577
277

311
589
624
342

204
298
498
251

398
624
767

100
71
57
90
87

100
77
77
70
59

100
70
41
58
59

100
70
60
109
106

100
67
20
20
15

100
52
15
16
14

100
82
95
95
67

100
74
36
44
31

100
73
24
35
42

100
91
77
73
44

173
422
313

50
143
349
230

54
132
337
299

79
197
472
337

10
36
83
87

4
36
135
207

64
97
123

19
63
85
106

23
41
27
111

34
59
103
90

1920.
January...
February.
March
April

22

34

99

32

53

29

86

152

145

96

97

129

128

May....
June
July....
August..

156

148

74

82

70

100

153

146

89

113

95

«623
619
577
584

•718
627
526
807

•530
543
515
421

•798
841
824
830

•330
491
366
503

•236

•312

•356

74

139

107

78

87

113

411

405

545

64

211

165

144

157

131

281

295

397

72

178

121

83

115

122

360

360

595

96

121

166

101

153

106

523
536
524
634

603
616
493
602

449
453
486
587

659
701
672
813

421

340

291

495

135

101

141

186

101

96

527

401

362

625

87

81

88

25

230

87

342

346

334

346

97

186

79

37

217

172

396

411

338

418

31

105

65

71

123

82

January...
February.
March
April

283
230
248
254

229
255
301
258

267
195
191
215

387
307
363
363

328
331
294
237

270

281

361

64

140

101

115

90

247

308

359

217

189

69

113

88

84

233

245

329

65

207

84

106

104

80

252

302

370

89

212

107

103

May....
June
July....
August..

223
246
209
247

277
324
287
368

168
211
171
208

330

288
305
273
301

217

268

311

65

185

90

122

87

76

212

349

305

85

154

90

107

95

102

176

284

287

86

133

82

115

88

87

161

287

335

86

178

105

93

84

September.
October
November.
December..

317
317
332
436

458
475
374

292
289
351
450

239
230
235

310
307
305
381

210

287

340

74

257

110

108

91

100

189

311

329

76

304

98

102

152

98

224

309

320

56

278

68

89

147

92

371

355

395

76

255

132

115

185

105

September.
October
November.
December..
1921.

262
240
232

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

212
263
271

286
323
332

May..
June.




See footnotes on opposite page.

85

143
FOREIGN TRADE OF FRANCE.
Table 105.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
EXPORTS'*
(values).

IMPORTS »
(values).

YEAR AND MONTH.

EXPORTS OF KET COMMODITIES
(quantities).

Manu- Total,
ManuTotal,
Raw
facRaw
facall com- Food- mate- tured all com- Food- mate- tured
modi- stuffs. rial.
modi- stuffs. rial.
artiartities.
ties.
cles.*
cles.

Chemical
products.

Iron
and
steel.

Millions of francs.*

Silk
fabrics.

Llnge- Per1
Cotton I
fumes
fabrics. ing ap- and
parel. soap.

tog*

Metric tons.*

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

702
534
928
1,720
2,296

151
151
285
421
582

138
90
256
486
724

573
406
328
518
501

70
54
54
49
42

155
108
64
90
91

348
244
210
379
368

92,719
61,826
18,379
18,865
14,346

84,027
43,865
12,894
13,770
11,824

514

292
388
813
990

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.

1,859
2,983
4,053
1,955

470
892
942
517

839
1,229
2,052
1,033

550
862
1,059
405

394
990
2,417
1,796

35
99
244
161

83
204
523
463

276
687
1,643
1,172

9,530
33,490
76,609
80,258

3,767
30,547
113,280
174,301

327

868

152

501

2,914
3,908
4,887

270

19,975
79,956
118,686
92,837

28,951
127,620
130,941
128,499

511

1,475
4,420
3,427
4,096

345

«l,240
1,896
1,383
2,071

68,784/
59,258
66,524
88,662

117,087
176,880
149,503
102,081

548

1,724

125,573
80,218
90,272
28,548

85,155
68,393
156,218
88,032

59,189
200,809
60,122
82,966

117,736
158,905
173,887
177,823

59,949
79,271
79,716
79,443

155,343
129,550
111,510
149,732

68,414
70,285
52,365
70,576

216,173
255,510
233,778
214,663

421
487
488
343

630
487

4,613
3,401
1,667
2,016
1,413

653
475
154
230
277

830
722

4,286
3,887
3,311
3,131
1,891
1,470
2,514
4,402
3,862

1920.
January...
February.
March
April
«4,370
4,344
4,051
4,100

61,084
947
794
1,219

6 2,185
2,236
2,120
1,736

«1,101
1,161
1,137
1,145

6 1,889
2,812
2,097
2,881

288
197
252

«484
628
457
558

3,671
3,765
3,677
4,449

911
930
745
909

1,850
1,868
2,004
2,418

910
967
928
1,122

2,413
3,017
1,962
2,268

238
281
242
288

451
561
517
524

347
386
456
390

1,101

534
425
501
502

,932

189
173
163
176

436
478
379
468

1,258

,614
,743
,779

May
June
July
August..

,566
,724
1,469
1,731

419
491
434
555

456
362
331
320

,649
,750
,563
,725

152
148
123
113

415
541
440
445

1,082

September.
October....
November.
December..

2,226
2,227
2,334
3,063

692
717
564
754

330
318
324
453

1,775
1,759
1,749
2,183

147
132
157

445
482
479
550

May
June
July
August..
September.
October
November.
December..

2,175
1,203
1,453

743
762
752

850
620
855
725
453
407
336

3,582
6,623
3,815
4,674
8,600
1,170
1,717
3,297

631

533
739
566

1,024
748
996
660

1,499
1,418
802

1,233
5,526
2,983
4,089
4,849
5,615
5,248
4,550
4,109
3,737
7,355
3,525

1921.
January...
February.
March
April

803
786
887

871
704
856
1,204
1,192
1,446
1,856

1,248
1,144
1,288

1,062
1,000
1,167
1,183
1,145
1,113
1,373

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

1,488
1,847
1,900

1,639
1,853
1,900

May..
June.
i Compiled from official reports by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
* See p. 135 for exchange rates on French francs.
8
One metric ton is equal to 10 quintals, or 1,000 kilograms, and is equivalent to 2,204.6 pounds avoirdupois.
< Includes parcel post shipments.
5 Figures for months of 1921 are based on 1919 valuation, which will later be revised to a 1921 valuation.
6 Monthly average of first five months of the year. Data not available by months on account of change to final 1920 valuation.




517
355
434
549
464
463
421
542
567
505
352
680

4,586
5,196
4,867
4,756

754
577
682
579

5,613
4,931
5,326
4,285

569

4,973
4,712
4,090
5,321

596

618
576
551

990
963

1,205

3,851
3,596
3,447
3,655
3,246
4,355
3,731
3,576
4,265
4,199
3,933
4,501

144

FOREIGN TRADE OF GERMANY AND SWITZERLAND.
Table 106.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

GERMANY.

SWITZERLAND.

TOTAL TRADE « EXPORTS OF KEY COMMODITIES
(values).
(quantities).

TOTAL TRADE 3

(values).

YEAR AND MONTH.

Imports. Exports.

Cotton
Silk
Imports. Exports. embroid- piece
eries.
goods.

Iron and Machin- Aniline
ery.
steel.
dyes.

Coal.

EXPORTS OF KEY COMMODITIES
(quantities).
Watches
(including
Aniline
complete dyes.
movements).

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly

average
average
average
average

100

100

4 102

4 102

100

100
4 105

100

|

178
169

125

4 100

100
86
121

125

100
4 93

100
77
88
124

4 103

100
75
82
83

143

100
101
116
114

100
73
100
130

100
102
68
59

74
40
135
72

122
111
122
99
57

73
70
92
121
53

184
27

67

128

5 252

5 72

6 142

5 105

5 124

5 261

5 76

5 117

5 105

5 137

5 219

5 238

5 57

597

5 144

5 127

5 222

5 201

536

5 71

544

594

5 139

526

577

558

546

5 112

5 130

526

5 65

5 62

556

580

5 122

5 29

5 74

5 183

543

5 114

!

238

5226

28

240

117

21

51

221

5 162

67

61
49
64
60
29

5 216

1917 monthly average . . .
1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average

5 122

5 36

5 72

5 59

107

1920.
January
March
April
May
JjlTlA...

4 43

4 21

423

453

426

Julv
August

79

32

29

64

21

27

71
71

27
25

September
October

56

20

35

48

16

30

52

17

33

79
81
74

December

54

25

34

106

39
25
30
33

1921.
March
May

42

37

10

24

June
July
August

43

39

12

30

51
74

46

41

16

33

So

52

40

21

44

58

18
23
27
33

48

36

23

42

44

33

2C

45

23

24

20

43

34

39

22

40

58
54
56
76

41
38
41
39

31

38

26

41

66

36

27

35

September
October
November
December

5

66

1922.
January
February
March
April..

1
:

1

Mav

June




i

1

See footnotes on opposite page.

145

FOREIGN TRADE OF GERMANY AND SWITZERLAND.
Table 107.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
GERMANY.
TOTAL TRADE *
(values).
YEAR AND MONTH.

Imports.

Exports.

SWITZERLAND.

EXPORTS OF KEY COMMODITIES
(quantities).

Coal.

Thousands of dollars.

Iron and Machin- Aniline
ery.
dyes.
steel.

541,875

49,639
4 46,383

Imports.

Exports.

Thousands of francs.

Metric tons.

1913 monthly average. $ 2 1 3 , 5 9 9 $ 1 9 7 , 8 8 3 2,883,201
1914 monthly average. <217,277
4 201,088 4 3,028,066
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.

TOTAL TRADE »
(values).

5,357

EXPORTS OF KEY COMMODITIES
(quantities).

Cotton
Silk
embroid- piece
goods.
eries.

Thousands of pounds.

Watches
(including
Aniline
complete dyes.
movements).
Thousands.

Thousands of
pounds.

142,393

100,575

608,748

145,883

33,139

4 5,344

159,985
123,201
140,003
198,209

114,700
98,907
139,171
203,976

1,618
1,220
1,319
1,342

399
402
461
454

1,151
835
1,156
1,500

1,292
1,319
882
760

200,429
200,122
294,449
353,568
187,290

193,579
163,598
274,841
273,092
146,921

991
793
1,042
976
471

297
160
540
426
288

1,402
1,283
1,405
1,144
654

942
906
1,187
1,559
681

6 346,276

1917 monthly average.
1918 monthly average.
1919 montlhy average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

4 558,674

6 288,657

5 1,171

5 567

6 1,203

6 1,603

1,487

1920.
January
February
March
April
May
4 84,820
156,673
126,172

4 591,891
930,258
593,824

4 122,574
158,634
146,092

4 26,394
35,362
35,149

4 1,368
1,465
1,358

6 361,150

5 299,257

6 1,222

»466

•1,206

• 1,770

July
August
September
October
November
December

110,572
95,202
102,364
106,996

588,244
447,800
481,763
711,745

189,469
162,359
176,480
182,121

39,154
40,374
33,527
52,744

2,090
1,348
1,621
1,756

5 351,066

5 273,341

» 927

6 388

• 1,656

• 1,647

6 355,781

•231,113

•584

•284

•512

•1,217

6

259,820

6 158,873

•416

•309

• 669

•590

6 178,836

5 148,830

6424

• 260

•708

6729

5 128,351

6 139,643

6 470

•204

•563

•552

6 182,155

5140,339

•576

•289

•677

•853

JilTIA,

,

i

1931.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August

89,215
92,649
98,666
111,614

73,941
78,098
80,425
79,267

293,260
355,582
453,173
613,739

129,847
162,297
177,773
240,071

25,096
36,719
39,792
29,036

963
1,219
1,452
1,783

September
October
November
December

101,884
94,380
48,179
72,035

71,733
66,144
46,743
76,767

649,158
576,048
569,657
640,877

225,331
246,115
234,248
216,264

28,757
26,626
27,989
37,484

2,207
2,051
2,196
2,080

65,749
57,960

74,905
69,950

752,340

221,709

32,695

1,932

1999.
January
February
March
April
May
June
1 Compiled by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, from official sources.
Figures for 1913, 1914, and 1920 converted from gold marks at the rate of $0,238 per mark. Figures for 1921 converted from paper marks at the average New York
exchange rate for the month. For foreign exchange rates see page 135.
:
3
Figures include bullion but not coin. For foreign exchange rates see page 135.
4
Monthly average for first six months of the year.
5
Monthly average for quarter ended this month.
2

100797°—22




10

146

FOREIGN TRADE OF BELGIUM, DENMARK, AND SWEDEN.
Table 108.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
BELGIUM.
TOTAL
TRADE
(values).'
YEAR AND
MONTH.

DENMARK.

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES
(quantities).

Iron
CeImExand
ports. ports. Glass. ment. steel.

TOTAL
TRADE

SWEDEN.

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES
(quantities).

(values).

TOTAL
TRADE
(values).

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES
(quantities).

Pork Beef, But- Eggs, ImEx- Lum- Wood
ImExand
Coal. ports. ports. prod- veal,
ucts. fresh. ter. fresh. ports. ports. ber. pulp.

Iron

Mg
Iron.

Relative to 1913.
1OO
2 102

100

100
284

100

100

100

93
135
159
127

120
157
181
148

33
133

111
305
367
191

105
140
252
202

82

27
30
32
35

24
31
33
31

308
339
414
258

120
137
56
81

91
98
90

37
56
61
72

26
29
29
30

51
92
95
98

96
101
94
85

71
65

70
31
29
33

1913 mo.
1914 mo.
1915 mo.
1916 mo.
1917 mo.

av. 100
av. 290
av.
av.
av.

1918 mo.
1919 mo.
1920 mo.
1921 mo.

av.
av.
av.
av.

113
276
217

63
239
196

27
88
54

20
84
79

11
55
58

January
February...
March
April....

212
237
275
238

148
195
227
254

73
91
86
82

38
65

May
June
July
August

262
297
222
231

267
278
254
248

September.
October
November..
December..

218
232
229
240

256
251
240
254

100

2 101

100
117
111
83
64

100
115
11
5

100
11
0

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

103
106

103
94
60

104
132
144
115

86
135
134
90

94
161
190
165

78
101
111

94
103
101
73

74
93
86
87

84
149
116
118

35
68

64
53
117
50

14
36
73
90

70
92
146
179

146
299
399
150

165
193
260
134

93
49

73
96
103
56

69
38
58
67

93
42
59
42

193
163
278
146

25
6
8
3

126
153
111
117

80
27
87
26

37
104
243
87

337
400
427
378

186
156
221
240

43
27
50
65

48
61

25
32
45
55

20
34
43
48

254
372
364

272
274
263
255

62
60
47
35

153
96
127
139

78
93
•87
85

136
239
219
222

445
402
469
436

333
328
393
337

106
120
201
155

159
139
151
96

48
74
74
87

92
90
80
67

474
422
367
413

296
260
294
248

28
34
45

150
8
77
150

85
66
95
70

195
155
79
38

460
424
324
279

342
320
259
252

128
104
70
48

132
121
96
80

84
82
56
32

59
53
57
67

236
224
198
156

217
178
215
220

58
57
54
70

109
73
95
48

106
64
79
86

81
111
289
264

173
165
140
150

134
130
110
101

13
6
7
5

17
8
8
14

45
54
66
80

52
46
9
25

148
146
158
222

189
221
186
255

57
76
57
91

16
19
11
10

85
117
79
102

216
230
236
265

134
132
139
146

121
101
138
165

13
20
36
63

25
21
58

73
78
80
74

29
42
14
31

191
199
198
215

208
186
170
178

77
72
68
78

18
25
70
102

9%
87
77
106

234
122
52
46

178
144
134
159

155
146
151
159

99
113
110
109

76
139
146

75
74
56
50

112
64
40
43

143

133
126

72
80

153
171

57
65

109

90

78

27
8

39
15

30
31

26
15

1930.

1921.
January...
February..
March
April
May....
June
July
August.
September.
October...
November.
December.

6 237

6 214

*229

6 201

663

6 71

672

654

6200

560

688

6 59

6 221

6 91

6 72

*143

6 182

5 187

663

678

6 28

6 95

1922.
January..
February.
March
April
May...
June...




See footnotes on opposite page.

147

FOREIGN TRADE OF BELGIUM, DENMARK, AND SWEDEN.
Table 109.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

TOTAL
TRADE
(values).*
YEAE AND
MONTH.

Imports,

Exports.

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES
(quantities).

CeGlass. ment.

Thousands of
francs.8

SWEDEN.

DENMARK.

BELGIUM.

Iron
and
steel.

Coal.

TOTAL
TRADE
(values).

Imports.

Exports.

Thousands of
erowns.3

Metric tons. 4

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES
(quantities).

Pork
products.

Beef
and Butveal,
fresh.

Metric tons.*

Eggs,
fresh.

Thousands o]
eggs.

TOTAL
TRADE
(values).

Imports.

Exports.

Thousands of
crowns.3

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES
(quantities).

Lum- Wood Iron ! Pig
ber. pulp. ore. i iron.

Thousands o: Thousands of Metric
cubic metric tons.* ] tons.4
meters.

1913 m o .
1914 m o .
1915 m o .
1916 m o .
1917 m o .

a v 386,384
24,151 73,904 {144,023 415,123
a v . 2 383,858 2308,996 2 22,972 2 62,337 (2144,960 2412,414
av.
av.
av.

71,279
66,274
96,444
113,116
90,774

60,107 10,532
72,287 12,302
94,105 11,692
109,074 8,734
88,856 6,793

1,256
1,440
1,897
1,293
1,337

8,526
8,634
8,749
7,988
5,122

27,374
34,680
37,891
30,386

70,545
60,576
95,209
94,881
63,214

68,112
64,363
109,697
129,698
112,463

257
332
365
206

399
499
462
468

1918 m o .
1919 m o .
1920 m o .
1921 mo.

av.
a v . 436,357 191,077
a v . 1,065,210 724,380
a v . 837,620 594,986

6,486
21,362
13,111

14, 797
62,374
58,224

15,265 284,341
78,821 135,151
82,986 552,032

78,812
217,087
261,842
136,102

63,204
83,971
151,313
121,386

229
270
3,669
7,156

807
670
1,473
624

1,221
3,058
6,239
7,651

18,524
24,342
38,461
47,082

102,776
211,165
281,124
105,520

112,536
131,308
176,856
91,439

227
292
306
162

372
202
311
361

15,142
6,772
9,618

1920.
819,456 447,542
January
February... 904,783 590,782
686,093
March...
919,402 769,918
April....

17,590
21,982
20,694
19,795

27,716
48,120
63,572
60,435

38,240 98,122
43,715 126,832
46,787 135,948
50,459 128,182

219,498
241,781
295,414
183,722

115,783
97,900
167,121
87,903

2,666
634
792
306

1,584
1,922
1,390
1,471

6,790
2,332
7,383
2,196

9,668
27,448
64,098
22,946

237,963
282,103
301,058
266,918

126,811
106,044
150,513
163,662

140
90
165
214

49
34
43
63

136
173
242
297

3,178
5,541
6,981
7,801

May
June
July
August

1,011,147 809,029
L ,149,490 842,665
857,714 769,832
891,713 750,963

28,978
32,989
13,483
19,649

65,205
67,168
72,501

106,369
119,988
118,494
125,223

180,876
265,275
259,282
282,366

163,751
164,531
158,175
153,455

6,529
6,300
4,912
3,684

1,927
1,204
1,593
1,752

6,681
7,897
7,387
7,234

35,694
63,036
57,530
58,318

314,190
283,316
331,104
307,602

227,112
223,559
267,699
229,832

347
395
659
510

113
99
107
68

258
400
395
469

14,916
14,575
12,943
10,899

September.
October....
November..
December..

841,904
896,222
885,414
926,204

12,435
22,118
22,844
23,632

70,969 102,224 291,155
74,388 93,903 '128,666
69,723 99,098 jl21,065
62,864 123,597 ! 136,774

337,560
300,783
261,874
294,469

177,723
156,521
176,684
148,869

2,922
3,593
4,695
6,991

1,886
95
964
1,889

7,232
5,667
8,097
5,969

51,404
40,724
20,752
9,910

324,522
299,341
228,230
197,138

232,798
217,760
176,483
171,311

421
341
229
156

451
442
303
171

9,648
8,686
9,289
10,959

167,232
159,875
140,839
111,360

130,443
106,878
129,428
132,088

6,161
6,037
5,637
7,337

1,370
921
1,193
599

9,024
5,439
6,777
7,33§

21,308
29,210
75,994
69,624

122,308
116,218
98,906
105,538

91,250
88,7i5
75,162
68,817

43
19
22
16

12
6
6
10

244
289
3^6
428

8,464
7,510
1,441
4,016

105,665
104,233
112,791
158,520

113,354
132,851
112,040
153,317

5,993
8,010
6,017
9,588

205
241
141
127

7,205
9,943
6,705
8,701

56,848
60,542
62,230
69,740

94,872
93,242
97,917
103,310

82,110
68,513
94,168
112,612

44
66
118
205

IS
15
41
66

391
420
431
395

4,772
6,874
2,327
5,105

136,403
142,092
141,223
152,986

125,230
111,962
102,289
106,752

8,099
7,570
7,161
8,263

224
311
873
1,278

7,651
7,435
6,588
9,001

61,554
32,244
13,656
12,032

125,910
101,240
94,675
112,101

105,442
99,316
103,024
108,116

325
370
361
356

49
54
99
104

403
399
303
271

18,259
10.356
6,504
7,056

101,876
69,537

79,816
75,470

7,594

1,916 6,803
2,152 6,690

15,080

76,660

61,000

16,982

159
165

4,161
2,428

774,800
760,628
727,666
768,247

53,268
80,283
87,532
103,951

1921.
January.
February
March
April....
May....
June
July....
August.

914,787 6647,663

14,467

46,762 j&102,936 *299,797

774,216 5614,577

13,010

61,526

September.. 886,671 '551,622
October
November..
December.. 774,804 >566,0S7
1922.
January..
February.
March
April

84,255 5918,361

6 9,775 & 67,076 -104,218 6595,509

15,193

57,525

40,566 5394,259

537

16,269
13,671
24,181
18,915
19,270

May..
June..

I
1

Compiled by the XT. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce from official reports.
»Average for first six months only.
• See p. 135 for exchange rates on these countries. The Danish crown is now worth from 16 to 18 cents compared to a par value of 26.8 cents.
4
1 metric ton equals 1,000 kilograms and is equivalent to 2,204.6 pounds avoirdupois. A cubic meter equals 1.308 cubic yards.
* Figures not available for separate months of 1921. These represent monthly averages for quarters, ending at these dates.
« Merchandise only, exclusive of coin and bullion: 1920 averages have been calculated onfinalrevised annualfiguresand are somewhat higher than the unrevised monthly
figures.




148

FOREIGN TRADE OF THE NETHERLANDS.
Table 110.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES
(quantities).

TOTAL TRADE
(values).

YEAR AND MONTH.

Imports. Exports ii Butter. Cheese.
Relative to 1919. i|

Mar-

monthly average
monthly average
monthly average
monthly average
monthly average

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly average
monthly a v e r a g e . . . . .
monthly average
monthly average

34

22

58

79

27
100
121
97

January...
February..
March
April

109

116

May....
June
July....
August.

100
118

Thousands of guilders.^

Relative to 1913.

100
103
131
137
85

100
112
220
233
149

100
100
107
96
59

80,394

66

23
19
69
79

25
76
131
98

46
56
66
91

50,696
235,478
277,7C2
186,685

56
55

Cheese.

Margarine.

Flower
bulbs.

Metric tons.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100
103
114
98
66

37

(quantities).

Exports. I! Butter.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

E X P O R T S OF K E Y
COMMODITIES

TOTAL TRADE
(values).

68,270

3,088
3,191
3,529
3,017
2,049

5,494
5,654
7,195
7,545
4,673

5,917
6,599
13,017
13,777
8,818

j
31,767
i 117,609
| 141,791
i 114,133

205
1,143
1,723
1,683

1,243
1,035
3, 770
4,358

1,459
4,495
7,749
5,789

957
1,167
1,367
l.§01

2,326
2,513
1,668
3,231

10,128
8,676
5,707
6,365

150
121
84
44

5,355
6,063
8,450
4,259

8,292
5,995
6,998
9,263

5
124
6,834

9,407
6,693
7,136
8,330

7,075
858
682
420

2,083
2,074
2,239
1,990
1,233

1920.
39

42

171

256,208

135,933

1.207

71

46

147

233,591

113,310

2,198

40

30

96

187,916

68,210

1,226

85

27

59

108

293,593

99,448

846

127

145

96

97

140

298,514

170,393

2,977

147

153

75

110

101

345,402

179,478

2,307

134

151

68

154

118

6

314,861

177,114

2,089

114

111

42

78

157

328

267,956

130,019

1,288
1,952
672

86

September.
October
November..
December..

115

153

13

44

121

33

270,811

156,557

416

127

183

113

40

141

20

298,867

156,923

3,494

4,055
2,741
2,407
2,173

80

214,136

85

170,494

65

93

213,830

75

119

195,782

115,835
120,956
107,205
108,820

1,937
1,316
1,098
1,969

3,263
3,863
3,588
4,125

4,739
5,01t
5,475
7,049

110
146
173
49

2,245
1,848
1,414
2,420

4,593
5,647
4,774
6,876

6,033
5,721
5,039
6,911

5
7
355
9,061

4,327

6,507
5,591
5,371
6,022

16,306
1,31*
49
438

3,529
3,891

209
138

135

141

63

74

159

340

317,369

165,966

143

126

22

50

113

41

337,338

148,140

1921.
January..
February.
March
April

91
72
91

91

83

May....
June
July....
August.

70

103
64
73

84

102

168,115

93,819

103

60

103

97

188,560

120,816
105,420

71
80
72

46

87

85

17

170,674

121

78

125

117

435

186,640

142,566

84

115

51

79

110

495

197,271

135,750

76

98

50

66

94

63

179,043

114,695

75

September..
October
November..
December..

90

79

91

54

75

91

2

175,806

106,624

38

63

102

21

180,001

97,115

60

10

152,496

86,106

7

152,667

85,668

76

1,597
1,543
1,655
1,174

3,620
4,139
3,476

1922.
January..

65

73

57

February.

65

73

40

1,751
1,242

3,743
3,760

March
April

May..
June..

T
i Compiled by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, from official sources.
« Data for years prior to 1917 based on antiquated official schedule, not comparable with later figures showing real values.
» For foreign exchange rate of guilder, see page 135.




149
FOREIGN TRADE OF SPAIN.
Table 111.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-face type.]
TOTAL TRADE
(values).

EXPORTS OF K E Y COMMODITIES
(quantities).

Imports. Exports. Red wine. Olive oil. Oranges. Iron ore,

TOTAL, TRADE \ EXPORTS OF KEY COMMODITIES
(values).
|
(quantities).
Imports. Exports. Red wine. Olive oil. Oranges. Iron ore.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Thousands8 of
pesetas.

Relative to 1913.
A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

Hectoliters.8

Quintals.8

Metric
tons.8

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

average.,
average.
average..
average.,
average.

100
80
92
98
101

1OO
82
117
128
122

100
52
34
93
156

100
148
223
293
269

100
84
80
67
43

100
68
51
34
58

109,007
87,532
100,777
106,789
110,514

89,945
73,412
105,307
115,282
110,116

300,194
155,099
103,493
279,318
468,237

25,305
37,342
56,326
74,043
68,020

475,471
398,239
379,802
318,942
205,328

742,266
508,926
375,768
249,011
428,135

1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

48
83
110

94
123
95

51
126

128
370
179

31
61
45

49
53
52

51,991
90,637
120,322

84,102
110,264
85,406

153,567
378,588
280,429

32,333
93,560
45,267

147,192
290,893
214,942

362,105
391,708
385,055

70
74
121
106

115
128
123
145

308
348
171

82
83
70
70

30
39
65
73

81,699
105,167
128,947
100,505

62,704
66,243
108,728
95,656

345,511
384,721
368,705
436,471

47,910
77,942
88,057
43,394

391,694
395,520
332,573
330,960

222,167
286,143
480,882
537,636

92
104
93
85

108
113
81
42

120
79
312
185

37
19
1

59
80
44

119,876
135,444
120,847
151,365

82,486
93,730
83,481
76,197

323,177
338,085
242,314
125,089

30,435
20,122
78,873
46,727

176,276
89,662
5,388
334

437,611
594,182
329,434
613,933

85
105
101
80

56
81
78
52

141
177
108
7

6
46
128

53
19
48
47

114,983
109,135
115,035
161,339

76,075
94,237
90,947
72,218

168,003
242,942
233,766
156,365

35,613
44,679
27,261
1,790

310
28,852
219,645
607,976

395,002
140,473
357,087
34)5,866

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

September
October
November.
December
1921.
January..
February.
March....
April

128
127
106
110

72
71
71
67

61
68
78
36

8
14
17
18

131
170
167
137

50
33
21
19

140,010
138,897
116,060
120,121

64,714
63,513
63,573
60,570

182,003
204,822
233,988
109,365

2,046
3,521
4,249
4,675

623,465
807,139
792,713
649,423

370,746
243,111
159,141
143,262

May....
June
July....
August.

115
95
80
76

59
57
104
75

32
38
35
41

14
32
122
339

67
18
1
2

10
7
7
9

125,644
103,966
86,995
83,151

52,857
51,450
93,176
67,449

96,289
114,896
104,433
122,831

3,547
7,974
30,873
85,686

317,151
84,993
6,610
9,032

74,642
53,890
48,386
69,405

88
81
93

100
90
87

58
67
72

375
431
327

(9

17
18
32

95,769
87,872
101,576

89,762
80,645
78,421

175,268
201,038
215,222

94,834
109,070
82,669

1,626
19,628
241,051

126,745
131,044
233,843

September..
October
November..
December..

4
51

1922.
January...
February.
March
April
May..
June..
1
Compiled from official reports by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
» The Spanish peseta at present exchange rates is worth about 15 cents.
8
One quintal contains 100 kilograms and is equivalent to 220.46 pounds. One metric ton equals 10 quintals or 2,204.6 pounds. One hectoliter equals 26.4 gallons.
« Less than one.




150
FOREIGN TRADE OF ITALY AND NORWAY.
Table 112.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
ITALY.

NORWAY.
Exports of key commodities.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Cotton

Wine in
barrels.

single.

Cotton
cloth,
colored
or dyed.

Silk,
raw.

Silk,
fabrics.

Cod,
salted.

Herring, Norway Wood
salted. saltpeter. pulp.

Printing
paper. Lumber.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..

100
121
51

1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..

172
33
41

January..
February.
March
April

177
175
72

1OO
75
108
87
58

1OO
79
93
73
56

1OO
104
145
128
103

1OO
93
76
59
29

1OO
91
200
201
171

1OO
106
54
65
51

1OO
90
103
99
60

1OO
96
107
111
47

1OO
85
112
106
105

30
46
51

20
149
130

36
91
106

35
66
56

107
86
91

33
23
64

197
240
311
178

76
89
166
115

75
71

57
60
125
62

85
77
83
38

40
32
42
44

35
56
59
68

143
99
148
167

73
97
75

80
78
63

62
82
108
92

18
19
31
11

525
348
307
164

331
95
48
219

139
91

105
114
166
117

73
143
150

May....
June...
July....
August.

46
42
28
32

73
88
64
19

157
167
131
108

155
90
93

63
57
27
31

92
132
94
80

58
54
52
53

315
354
264
197

263
58
23
99

84
109
37

145
140
139

114
135
79
42

September.
October
November..
December..

67
41
54

23
25
46
51

100
164
88
91

100
196
106
120

42
60
41

102
75
80
95

76
121
143
115

265
464
284
255

273
152
200
225

71
76
38
68

161
141
103
84

36
67
58

44
38
34

107
56
77
54

40
29
29
31

12
30
91
65

16
11
55
41

27
32
107

32
27
47
94

28

100
102
67
69
50

100
110

1920.

1921.
230
264
180

January...
February..
March
April

58
61
69

61
41
51
54

189
126
143
111

58
99
66
71

47
58
77

75
73
74

45
20
24
52

275
187
179

May....
June
July....
August.

21
53
22
16

55
90
66
36

112
113
57
193

64
109
54
91

60
144
47
76

52
84
45
52

47
42
86
93

18
38
65
179

36
50

20
14
57
66

September.
October
November..
December..

31

32

162

82

70

44
57
28

295
194
98
211

91
46
168
205

43
57
72
85

319

113

18

1922.
January..
February.
March




See footnotes on opposite page.

110

151

FOREIGN TRADE OF ITALY AND NORWAY,
Table 113.—ffTTMEBICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.
ITALY.

NORWAY.

Exports of key commodities.
Cotton Cotton
yarn, un- cloth,
Wine in
Lemons. bleached, colored
barrels.
single. or dyed.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Thousands of
gallons.

Silk
fabrics.

Silk,

raw.

Cod,

salted.

Herring, Norway
salted. saltpeter.

Thousands of pounds.

Wood
pulp.

Printing
paper.

Lumber.

Cubic
meters.

Metric tons.

1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly average..
monthly average.,
monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..

3,292
3,973
1,673
915
2,275

55,815
56,657
37,661
38,545
27,979

1,790
1,975
3,173
3,134
1,293

5,696
4,267
6,147
4,964
3,307

1,352
1,066
1,261
983
760

167
173
242
214
172

4,756
4,440
3,629
2,809
1,373

6,880
6,269
13,741
13,804
11,779

5,911
6,265
3,217
3,833
2,994

38,797
35,105
40,102
38,354
23,126

8,*O5
7,843
8,808
9,133
3,884

63,673
54,100
71,254
67,578
66,912

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..
monthly average..

5,668
1,089
1,345

16,762
25,484
28,270

360
2,674
2,334

2,041
5,159
6,035

469
895
756

179
143
152

1,563
1,112
3,063
2,276

13,567
16,499
21,413
12,249

4,469
5,257
9,785
6,823

28,947
27,609
34,075
18,968

4,714
4,913
10,263
5,100

54,419
48,782
52,677
23,980

January..
February.
March
April

1,331
1,048
1,376
1,436

19,810
31,495
33,118
37,940

2,554
1,774
2,658
2,994

4,155
5,521
4,248
5,600

817
1,078
1,056
853

104
137
180
154

854
909
1,477
543

36,103
23,972
21,128
11,315

19,579
5,598
2,848
12,942

34,405
33,427
53,999
35,380

8,627
9,346
13,647
9,580

38,367
46,392
91,310
95,643

May....,
June
July....
August.

1,501
1,368
938
1,050

40,916
49,127
35,626
10,498

2,805
2,986
2,342
1,942

3,936
8,806
5,102
5,318

849
772
359
423

154
221
157
134

2,766
2,547
2,461
2,543

21,660
24,350
18,178
13,545

15,560
3,451
1,345
5,880

34,282
32,750
42,095
14,217

7,228
11,929
11,463
11,410

72,697
85,827
50,096
26,969

September..
October....
November..
December..

764
2,206
1,347
1,769

12,926
14,122
25,444
28,223

1,795
2,941
1,578
1,633

5,684
11,157
6,038
6,859

564
812
560
924

170
125
133
158

3,616
5,744
6,810
5,470

18,256
31,925
19,536
17,576

16,165
8,963
11,802
13,306

27,458
29,632
14,687
26,436

13,222
11,609
8,441
a, 854

22,636
22,968
42,513
36,708

January..
February.
March
April

1,920
2,010
2,277
1,598

33,875
22,932
28,339
30,023

1,746
2,255
2,561
1,987

3,312
5,628
3,776
4,017

448
633
782
1,045

113
126
122
124

2,157

2,470

27,243
18,900
12,887
12,319

13,567
15,585
10,657
5,765

31,946
17,130
14,758
13,345

8,752
4,620
6,292
4,436

25,556
18,300
18,663
19,833

May....
June
July....
August.

684
1,746
708
536

30,939
50,197
36,714
20,345

2,006
2,015
1,021
3,450

3,627
6,210
3,073
5,156

815
1,947
630
1,027

87
141
75
87

2,218
2,001
4,070
4,425

1,218
2,647
4,504
12,308

1,082
2,141
2,948

7,788
5,347
22,055
25,797

999
2,497
7,438
5,304

10,321
7,200
34,906
25,842

September..
October
November..
December..

1,020

17,800

2,891

5,036

1,108

117

2,109
2,717
1,346
1,689

20,310
13,380
6,728
14,548

5,353
2,726
9,930
12,122

16,541
22,045
^7,922
32,938

2,217
2,622
8,741
7,285

20,195
17,307
30,073
59,562

21,932

6,687

28,636

1920.

1921.
950
1,161

1922.

January...
February..
March




T
1

Compiled from official reports by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.

54,804

152

FOREIGN TRADE OF THE AMERICAS.
Table 114.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[ Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
CANADA.3

YEAR AND MONTH.

BRAZIL.

EXPORTS OF KEY COMMODITIES
(quantities).
Canned Paper,
Imports. Exports. salmon. printing. Cheese. Wheat.

Total
Total
imports. exports.

TOTAL, TRADE
(value).

URUGUAY/

ARGENTINA.*

Total
Total
Total
Total
imports. exports. Imports. exports.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average
average
average
average
average

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average
average
average
average

100
92
68
76

100
121

126

313

100

93

100
126
72

316

124

157

116

70

368

127

189

121

74

100
85
107
108
135

113

150

76
84

215

100

290

199

125

164

248

206

233
229

100

144

421

208

412

137

336

226

451

159

341

292

486

185

321

146

185

387

156

288

255

100
56
58

100
76

100
74

106

42

132

116
222

81

78

208

178

55

86

129

168

471

61

126

106

205

84

518

90

78

141

178

85

264

583

21

58

121

234

105

139

176

178

71

368

10

22

136

193

82

74
77

170

313

62

100
78
112
110
106

167

253

65

174

283

100

187

118

154

101
132
<172

199
<194

6 154

5 213

6 174

5 268

5 215

5 181

1920.

January...
February..
March
April
May....
June....
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

203

256

99

548

64

27

194

180

141

122

241

345

106

591

73

59

169

179

104

81

228

340

96

498

195

71

207

149

96

89

222

362

52

580

190

57

263

163

91

83

112

47

266

171

99

92

326

182

85

83

206

307

248

495

189

417

147

527

99

198

176

473

375

518

115

312

167

83

95

154

480

252

532

73

415

141

92

108

1921.
January..
February.
March....
April

129
129
166
117

261
211
221
140

107
134
69
58

469
432
619

67

137
208
199
161

151
140
162
157

91
72
89
92

May....
June
July....
August.

122
103
112
116

193
190
180
198

44
191
110
472

361
346
469
534

40
120
188
118

47

184
152
194
124

128
152
198
176

September.
October
November..
December..

107
106
115

190
259
279
277

317
610
289
104

500
537
548
594

164

120133
115
134

224

65

85
252
349
412

109

244

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

107

110

388

134
124

97
72
44

92

150

110

553

12

73

97

150

72

578

36

194

106

778

27

189

63
71

73
77
70

117
74
101
85
106
53

84
75
63

213

67

142

203

77

68

181
213

72

MayJune.
1
Compiled from reports of the respective governments by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
» No actualfiguresavailable for 1921. Official estimate for first 6 months gives a monthly average import of 71,000,000 pesos, and exports of 84,000,000 pesos.
8
Yearlyfiguresrepresent the monthly averages for the Canadianfiscalyear which ends March 31. Hence the 1921 average.
4
Figures by months not available for 1920. Official estimate by Argentine Minister of Finance.
5
Monthly average for quarter ended this month.
«Import values are official; export values are real.




153
FOREIGN TRADE OF THE AMERICAS.
Table 115.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources*1
[ Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
CANADA."

YEAR AND MONTH.

TOTAL TRADE
(value).
Imports.

Exports

Thousands of
dollars.*
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

BRAZIL.

EXPORTS OF KEY COMMODITIES
(quantities).
Canned Paper,
salmon. printing. Cheese. Wheat.
Thousands
of bushels.

Thousands of pounds.

Total
imports.

Total
exports.

Thousands of
milreis.*

URUGUAY/

ARGENTINA.*

Total
Total
Total
Total
imports. exports. imports. exports.
Thousands of
Uruguayan pesos."

Thousands of
gold pesos.*

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

$55,934
51,600
37,996
42,350
70,538

931,423

1,757
5,092
2,888
4,095
4,026

24,465
48, 763
60,767
77,201
90,052

12,942
12,076
11,442
16,081
16,492

8,378
10,540
5,993
13,145
15,804

83,958
46,821
48,583
67,563
69,811

81,814
62,581
86,858
94,741
99,348

4,196
3,102
2,914
2,940
3,101

5,708
4,852
6,107
6,155
7,709

41,352

37,953
39,287
64,858
98,268

26,877
25,457
30,511
31,693

43,263
33,594
48,515
47,750
45,848

1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

80,294
76,643
88,711
103,347

132,181
105,730
107,222
100,869

?,648
3,976
5,127
2,563

100,849
110,405
118,938
125,938

14,573
12,684
10,533
11,135

12,533
3,484
6,498
10,776

82,450
111,188
174,219
140,820

94,758
181,560
146,034
142,477

3,190
3,508
4,103

9,635
12,274
6,729

41,717
54,648
«71,166

66,789
85,914
«83,919

January
February
March
April

103,579
87,497
142,497
98,291

121,518
90,357
98,219
55,870

4,976
4,446
4,638
1,256

115,251
126,665
142,615
89,934

7,920
11,621
2,697
1,238

10,554
6,552
4,852
1,825

89,338
118,087
101,671
114,550

167,706
145,353
191,704
157,615

3,528
3,558
4,390
3,444

9,553
9,718
7,915
10,656

6 63,753

6 92,277

May....
June
July
August..

113,321
134,692
127,269
124,318

80,418
108,495
106,911
113,767

1,741

922

134,149
144,592
121,944
141,903

8,291
9,424
25,187
24,622

2,296
4,944
5,929
4,767

162,963
141,733
173,815
220,408

146,978
146,467
121,673
133,679

5,933
4,370
4,033
3,823

6,959
4,645
5,077
4,723

September.
October
November..
December..

115,122
105,770
98,661
85,882

96,404
131,147
148,748
150,950

4,350
2,581
6,589
4,436

121,223
128,809
126,762
130,043

14,511
12,847
14,944
9,467

3,926
16,547
26,134
34,734

223,746
273,497
225,993
244,832

140,221
149,051
136,515
115,449

4,166
3,576
3,463
3,879

5,223
4,654
5,447
6,178

January
February
March
April

72,252
71,971
92,601
65,311

81,934
66,315
69,468
44,076

1,873
2,351
1,214
1,012

114,683
105,671
151,547
94,927

8,715
3,348
1,028
216

11,446
9,181
7,486
4,983

242,113
174,306
167,327
135,354

123,397
114,095
131,726
128,036

3,802
3,028
3,714
3,881

10,319
12,171
6,694
4,208

May....
June
July....
August.

68,302
57,644
62,406
65,147

60,734
59,692
56,440
62,363

775
3,363
1,931
8,301

88,356
84,760
114,636
130,643

5,178
15,561
24,370
15,258

8,112
6,003
3,649
3,972

154,186
127,709
162,799
104,272

104,520
123,291
161,790
144,374

3,211
2,862
2,662
2,970

5,789
4,850
6,026
3,008

September..
October
November..
December..

59,722
59,518
64,271
60,050

59,590
81,256
87,640
87,186

5,571
10,710
5,079
1,821

122,414
131,416
134,110
145,320

21,182
17,346
16,008
8,371

7,145

101,121
111,754
96,216
112,682

182,997
165,879
154,950
174,667

3,057
3,231
2,953

4,809
4,297
3,613

1922.
January
February
March
April

51,476
54,294
79,337

47,098
47,004
60,847

1,935
1,269
1,861

135,402
141,458
190,391

1,520
4,708
3,533

91,526

199,441

1920.

1,858
1,688

1921.

21,131
29,254
34,492

6,103
5,602
6,042

May..
June.




* EXCHANGE RATES.
Country.
Canada
Brazil
Uruguay
Argentina

Unit.
Dollar.
Milreis
Peso..
Peso

See footnotes on opposite page.

Pre-war Approximate
par
present
value.
value.
$1.00
0.32
1.03
0.96

$0.97
0.14
0.72
0.83

6 71,931 6 115,872

6 88,895

6 78,313

154

FOREIGN TRADE OF ASIATIC COUNTRIES.
Table 116.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Baaed on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page ]
JAPAN.

BRITISH INDIA.
Total trade (value),
YEAR AND MONTH.

Imports. Exports.

Exports of key commodities.

Rice
(quantities).

Cotton,
raw
(quantities).

Total trade (value).

Jute,
Cotton raw, and
manum a n u - Imports. Exports.
factures factures
(value).
of
(value).

Exports of key commodities.
Silk,
raw

Cotton
yarn

Cotton
fabrics
(value).

Silk
fabrics
(value).

100
93
112
178
253

1OO
85
88
108
127

1OO
121
121
115
98

1OO
104
115
179
379

1OO
86
110
129
160

121
143
87
131

90
47
66
64

708
834
997
606

299
413
403
229

Relative to 1913.
100
114
86
82
93

1OO
101
74
80
100

93
105
129
208

103
133
104

January..
February.
March
April

187
146

1OO
144
140
120
121

1OO

71
74
24
40

151
133

178

May....
June—
July....
August.

1913 monthly average*.
1914 monthly average*.
1915 monthly average 8 .
1916 monthly average 8 .
1917 monthly average*.

100

109
115
225
150

99
131
150
139

229

221

310
332
308
198

35

191

280

147

337

335

104

28

37

173

149

129

445

331

56

42

1,099

704

154

40

214

205

160

541

367

46

40

1,288

595

139

57

165

194

152

413

96

50

1,346

478

177

135

50

165

228

149

487

367

111

36

1,066

436

194

113

59

115

185

118

362

349

108

51

962

373

211

99

32

72

114

132

259

304

230

average ..
average 8 ..
average 8 ..
average 8 ..

99
50
116
100

162

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

8

100
82
73

79
112

1OO
118
78
107
116

100

34

67

158

165

216

106

29

68

160

192

237

102

27

46

171

176

24

70

127

72

57
49

104
142

1920.

September..
October
November..
December..
1921.
January..
February.
March
ApriJ,,....,
May
June
July
August...,

236
236

91

441

92

57

727

136

118

1,138

193

293

101

119

1,044

353

177

254

98

113

1,005

273

146

178

198

52

775

279

156

150

173

166

45

684

207

109

28

293
332

112

173

142

41

84

826

142

196

146

62

44

715

207

721

211

190

35

145

181

75

123

95

86

225

179

83

84

193

68

148

124

71

229

219

149

140

100

221

155

95

82

172

181

247

200

119

72

665

248

145

80

52

116

152

57

244

203

149

52

516

259

132

84

74

105

124

69

181

187

136

48

582

200

155

96

54

129

212

75

217

200

155

39

516

241

147

98

25

121

126

118

212

182

136

33

439

217

175

89

11

109

108

111

214

212

144

47

510

218

197

97

12

108

106

127

250

173

106

13

January..,

206

112

31

February..

141

108

March....

160

135

338

218

September..
October
November..
December..

230

175

47

514

266

277

224

60

580

314

294

166

102

54

505

161

323

192

108

1922.
195

107

April

May..
June..




See footnotes on opposite page.

155

FOREIGN TRADE OF ASIATIC COUNTRIES.
Table 117.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
BRITISH INDIA.
Total trade (value).

Exports of key commodities.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Imports.

Exports.

Thousands of rupees. 2
average 3 .
average 3 .
average 3 .
average 3 .
average 8 .

JAPAN.

Rice.

Cotton,
raw.

Long tons.

Total trade (value).

Jute,
Cotton raw, and
manu- manu- Imports. Exports.
factures. factures
of.
Thousands of rupees.2

Thousands of yen.2

134,166
152,707
114,941
109,989
124,696

205,074
207,399
151,326
164,552
204,348

230,277
204,209
130,164
113,959
136,656

30,740
44,276
43,121
36,892
37,135

10,167
10,100
6,675
8,005
11,369

41,601
49,250
32,275
44,684
48,300

60,786
49,645
44,379
63,036
86,318

52,705

125,354
140,862
173,310
279,669

202,137
211,568
272,328
213,622

163,728
171,096
55,023

30,450
15,330
35,694
30,882

11,112

15,226

41,081
54,477
62,262
57,796

139,012
181,121
194,681
134,513

January...
February..
March
April

250,768
195,586
238,618
216,759

310,290
272,934
315,695
284,428

80,951
85,911
92,684
132,291

58,739
53,074
65,779
50,675

28,507
15,108
20,859
19,725

61,041
53,811
66,755
63,436

May.....
June
July....
August .

237,272
260,230
282,583

276,206
231,899
203,446
205,973

114,551
136,802
74,705
79,334

50,583
35,266
22,154
20,544

23,227
18,796
11,585
16,092

September.
October
November..
December..

289,945
318,151
316,332
316,273

218,101
209,644
188,579
200,984

66,673
63,133
55,382
75,699

20,803
14,190
21,630
22,105

January...
February..
March
April

312,561
254,361
242,591
258,689

186,059
176,335
181,815
180,427

64,559
79,652
171,774
157,099

May....
June
July....
August.

207,853194,594
177,173
208,001

194,258
164,999
172,880
195,992

September.
October....
November..
December..

197,090
234,806
264,004
231,600

276,201
189,300
214,800

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916monthly
1917 monthly
1918monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

3

average .
average 3 .
average 3 .
average 3 ..

Exports of key commodities.

Silk,

Cotton
yarn.

Thousands of
pounds.

Cotton
fabrics.

Silk

fabrics.

Thousands of yen. 2

2,800

3,279

2,792

14,997
18,220
18,162
17,230
14,658

2,903
3,209
5,004
10,622

2,835
3,602
4,219
5,238

163,508
174,906
162,366
104,403

2,658
3,155
1,917
2,888

13,507
7,086
9,901
9,665

19,826
23,359
27,914
16,973

9,794
13,540
13,201
7,495

204,768
270,643
329,028
296,832

176,348
174,288
193,570
217,457

2,296
1,228
1,004
2,119

4,271
6,303
6,044
7,511

23,240
30,760
36,073
37,693

14,450
23,100
19,506
15,667

62,191
49,249
54,931

295,950
220,184
157,134
123,198

193,363
183,810
154,318
175,061

2,442
2,389
2,022
3,005

5,342
7,627
8,545
17,756

29,853
26,926
20,347
31,856

14,303
12,217
9,963
12,714

16,235
17,356
12,885
15,857

79,740
73,016
60,882
62,242

117,600
107,670
108,023
105,145

154,355
133,814
104,606
87,404

2,227
2,152
1,138
984

17,791
16,935
10,328
10,354

29,226
28,153
21,604
19,147

11,577
8,954
9,163
6,801

30,305
44,543
37,750
45,555

11,123
10,164
9,669
12,649

46,565
37,063
35,612
29,708

105,231
.119,268
136,953
139,439

75,067
76,689
94,105
115,535

1,367
1,831
3,270

12,615
6,646
12,564
20,981

23,141
20,007
20,190
19,294

4,640
6,803
6,920
7,235

189,272
119,225
170,270
124,249

52,751
35,740
32,306
39,658

18,370
15,445
12,649
21,535

26,101
23,587
28,640
31,095

149,883
148,116
110,270
132,059

105,370
107,086
98,663
105,523

2,614
3,287
3,001
3,414

10,842
7,737
7,164
5,884

18,618
14,455
16,302
14,441

8,129
8,477
6,555
7,894

200,037
181,986
199,190
217,600

58,708
25,985
27,529
30,187

37,163
38,574
33,272
51,656

12,776
10,949
10,790

49,294
46,104
52,951
38,868

129,166
130,375
151,955
161,440

95,844
111, 597
121,288
146,071

2,985
3,175
3,858
4,927

4,894
7,078
7,075
8,999

12,305
14,291
14.395
16,253

7,114
7,144
8,732
10,295

229,910
222,000
276,900

70,389

59,963

10,924

36,687

178,807
196,100
205,400

87,271
101,100
114,800

2,239

8,124

14,152

5,272

11,702
22,844

49,258
59,026
93,956
133,584

2,202
1,871
1,945
2,385

1920.

1921.

1922.
January...
February..
March.....
April
May..
June..
1

Compiled by the U. 8. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerc , from official reports.
* See page 135 for exchange rates.
» These figures in the case of British India represent monthly averages for the British I ndian fiscal year, which ends March 31.




156
FOREIGN TRADE OF AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND.
Table 118.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Goverment sources.1
Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
i

NEW ZEALAND.

AUSTRALIA.*
TOTAL TRADE
(values).

EXPORTS OF KEY COMMODITIES
TOTAL TRADE
(quantities).
;
(values).

E X P O R T S OF KEY COMMODITIES
(quantities).

YEAR AND MONTH.
Imports. Exports.

Wheat.

Butter.

Wool,
greasy.

Imports. Exports.

Gold.

Butter.

Cheese.

Mutton.

Wool.

Relative to 1913.

1913 monthly average.. ..
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly average

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

100

100

81
97
96

77
95
125

10
67
129

71
22
99

84
77
63

1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average

78
128
124
205

103
145
191
168

54
104
192
179

95
54
52
122

46
86
104
79

1920.
January .
February...
March. ..
April

120
106
146
154

191
207
216
165

183
195
194
198

229
173
161
138

236
226
233
231

138
157
195
156

January
Tfyhrnary
March
April

262
178
217
176

174
189
165
183

Mav

160
143
105
110

173
177
126
136

102
104
115
132

139
147
162
183

130
139

160
198

May
Jimp.

July .
August

.

September.
October
November
December...

...

103
478
545

100
98
98
118
94

1OO
114
138
145
138

1OO
117
113
96
68

1OO
141
134
155
145

1OO
114
123
102
69

1OO
118
105
99
96

306
106
266
255

109
138
276
193

124
235
202
195

116
93
84
241

144
257
200
224

57
134
174
153

58
147
87
85

1/59
161
208
230

227
143
226
188

323
143
113
78

337
129
325
254

112
95
126
136

122
55
92
74

264
282

228
180
223
208

62
24
59
2

90
163
321
276

151
134
201
228

128
78
88
58

323
325

214
204
177
206

32
25
72
72

223
61
161
57

201
234
217
249

84
102
63
100

359
233
251
287

279
172
237
317

484
224
401
457

292
207
266
332

206
116
153
187

66
72
87
151

202
186
100
141

206
209
259
132

125
79
85
42

361
274
309
112

121
246
440
148

69
91
112
92

147

162

93
115
149
174

43
180
300
477

9
58
191
275

89
57
53
15

121
35
61
64

163

222

521

357

58

222

»214

3 63

•133

* 230

•129

3 29

.115

»278

j

277
332

»58

38

»68

»163

>48

»156

»109

*335

413
344

1921.

Julv
August
September
October
Novpiribfr

December

«263

*174

*72

»137

»347

»151

«65

»299

134
110

1922.
Februarv
March
April..
Mav
ay

June




i

1

" *

1
See footnotes on opposite page.

.:

I

157
FOREIGN TRADE OF AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND.
Table 119.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.
AUSTRALIA.*

NEW ZEALAND.

TOTAL, TRADE || E X P O R T S OF KEY COMMODITIES ! TOTAL TRADE
i
(values).
;
(quantities).
|
(values).
Y E A R AND MONTH.

Imports. Exports. || Wheat.

Wool,
Butter. | greasy.

I Gold.

Imports. Exports.

i

E X P O R T S OF KEY COMMODITIES
(quantities).
Butter, i Cheese. ! 3Iutton.

Thousands cf
£ sterling.

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average.. £6,646
average..
average..
5,369
average..
6,479
average..
6,352

£6,548

3,577

5,049
6,232
8,163

351
2,385
4,607

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..

5,195
8,528
8,248
13,611

6,777
9,497
12,485
11,000

1,915
3,714
6,873
6,399

1920.
January
February
March
April

8.005
7,033
9,695
10,228

12,516
13,576
14,139
10,836

May....
June
July....
August.

12,180
12,986
12,867
13,190

14,964
11,349
10,517
9,050

September..
October
November..
December..

15,704
15,032
15,464
15,363

9,036
10,253
12,741
10,197

1921.
January
February
March
April

17,420
11,841
14,418
11,671

11,372
12,390
10,788
12,010

May....
June
July....
August.

10,661
9,491
7,S07
7,341

11,354
11,580
8,248
8,892

6,798
6,900
7,656
8,800

8,640
9,250

September..
October
November..
December..
1922.
January
February
March
April

! 6,308 5 44,286

£174

4,502
1,393
6,240

36,996
34,053
27,768

ISO

6,023
3,426
3,251
7,702

20,242
38,169
46,028
34,817

£1,857 ! £ 1 , 9 1 6
1,821 ! 2,188
1,811 ; 2,646
2,195 ! 2,774
1,743
2,635

831
949

Wool.

Thousands of pounds.

3,474
4,051
3,921
3,347
2,374

5,709
8,062
7,628
8,861
8,267

20,530
23,360
25,185
20,937
14,137

15,544
18,373
16,381
15,459
14,856

2,020
2,556
5,133
3,579

2,376
4,498
3,870
3,736

4,023
3,228
2,912
8.386

8,245
14,675
11,406
12,775

11,631
27,474
35,667
31,329

9,060
22,854
13,527
13,226

2,946
2,983
3,862
4,268

4,349
2,749
4,321
3,594

11,212
4,956
3,925
2,719

19,264
7,374
18,570
14,509

22,908
19,462
25,816
28,009

18,977
8,534
14,336
11,469

4,903
5,237
5,144
6,168

4,368
3,444
4,270
3,993

2,162
844
2,062
80

5,141
9,285
18,313
15,731

31,008
27,493
41,213
46,872

19,940
12,061
13,755
9,057

7,669
6,386
5,992
6,038

4,098
3,906
3,394
3,955

1,098
873
2,515
2,499

12,743
3,460
9,217
3,261

41,296
48,132
44,604
51,187

13,131
15,817
9,774
15,477

6,665
4,329
4,665
5,338

5,339
3,291
4,546
6,068

16,826
7,770
13,945
15,865

16,651
11,842
15,172
18,973

42,199
23,738
31,509
38,481

10,285
11,156
13,599
23,546

3,747
3,448
1,856
2,624

3,943
3,998
4,959
2,525

4,357
2,750
2,952
1,444

20,585
15,629
17,648
6,408

24,866
50,569
90,410
30,486

10,662
14,134
17,385
14,376

9,081
9,610
10,629
12,000

2,732
2,489
2,036
3,015

1,786
2,206
2,854
3,325

1,482
6,256
10,423
16,559

504
3,316
10,878
15,698

18,206
11,696
10,850
3,054

18,739
5,488
9,437
9,944

10,480
12,980

3,020

4,253

18,097

20,376

11,874

34,504

533
185
462
444

3 7,653

3 3,950

3 58,742

3 400

3 4,628

3 1,838

3 51,048

3 484

3 2,073

3 487

3 29,904

3 284

3 1,716

3 9,822

3 48,365

3 583

3 9,396

3 12,413

3 10,979 j 3 32,034

3 9,518

3 28,967

»238

*520

May..
June..

V
1 Compiled by the U. S. Department of Commerce^ Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, from official sources. Figures show "general trade," including coin and
bullion.
3
1913 average is for calendar year. Other averages are for fiscal years ending June 30.
8
Monthly average for quarter ending this month.




158
FOREIGN TRADE OF EGYPT AND SOUTH AFRICA.
Table 120.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
EGYPT.

UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA.

EXPORTS
OF COTTON
(quantities).
YEAS AND MONTH.
Total.

EXPORTS OF KEY COMMODITIES
(quantities).

TOTAL TRADED
(values).

To
United
States.

Imports.

Exports.

Wool.

Hides and
skins. 3

Maize.

Meat
and meat
products.

Gold.

Diamonds.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average . .
average..
average 5 .
average..

100
85
99
78
58

100
138
250
182
92

100
85
79
96
90

100
60
25
36
43

100
76
96
77
66

100
85
97
98
83

100
958
1,302
1,522
2,043

100
118
408
1,015
2,635

72
96
57

83
225
188
151

120
124
248
136

50
150
125
87

65
104
68
130

70
114
78
73

2,221
1,073
327
3,388

1,054
2,577
751
152

208
141
150
146

249
105
106
67

207
140
136
75

414
405
12
3

703

102

79

118
88
102
76

37
37
14
13

70
39
18

2
4
39
26

3,136

106

47

540

91

26

202

111

31

23
27
49
83

50
63
57
55

157
488
1,606
769

1,548
433
3«1
1,032

102

27

95

37

100
55

100
52
11
42
44

93

47
50
37

79

44

1920.
January..
February.
March
April

197
129
57
26

May
June
July
August.

28
22
18
14

September..
October
November..
December..

15
43
65
75

861

155

697

212

22§

197

55

217

128

250

57

298

31

298

20

275

3

276

37

261

74

280

78

253

96
79
103

121
242

16

250

54

27

506

79

10

96

45

1921.
January...
February.,
March
April

57
43
81
28

82
46
202
9

214
157
159
138

72
82
78
87

71
164
74
44

32
44
29
24

1,013
1,812
3,863
6,874

16
78
84
107

77
70
74
86

7
9
2
3

May....
June
July
August..

58
42
43

81
21
38
30

120
112
110
114

75
77
91
80

102
132
140
106

23
90
59
82

4,669
1,744
1,784
4,022

113
118
9
68

75
79
95
76

2
4
8
5

97
104
116
119

251
275
359
421

131
120
124
133

95
88
108
101

102
106
301
220

114
146
166
108

4,602

31

98

6,27*

105

79

3,158

42*

78

6

837

5

103

10

September.
October....
November.
December..
1922.
January...
February.
March
April
May..
June.




Bee footnotes on opposite pag6.

159

FOREIGN TRADE OF EGYPT AND SOUTH AFRICA.
Table 121.—NUMEEICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced tjspe; index numbers on opposite page.]
UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA.

EGYPT.
EXPORTS OF COTTON
(quantities).
YEAR AND MONTH.

Total.

To United
States.

TOTAL TRADE *
(values).

Imports.

Exports.

EXPORTS OF KEY COMMODITIES
(quantities).
Wool.

Thousands of pounds
sterling (£).

Kantars.a

Hides and
skins.3

Maize.

Meat
and meat
products.

581,057
492,482
574,928
451,411
339,475

56,127
77,376
140,526
102,406
51,751

£3,566
3,033
2,819
3,432
3,197

£5,555
3,352
1,405
1,996
2,387

1918 monthly average...
1919 monthly average...
1920 monthly average 4 ..
1921 monthly average..

418,307
559,075
333,456
399,310

46,785
126,155
105,724
84,868

4,296
4,427
8,827
4,850

2,764
8,318

15,411

4,830

1,143,810
752,053
332,529
152,576

483,196
390,931
123,351
30,635

5,529
7,566
7,009
7,735

May....
June
July....
August.

160,192
126,410
106,176
80,061

71,675
32,150
17,575
11,326

8,904

September..
October
November..
December..

84,383
247,418
379,459
435,390

1921.
January
February
March
April

Diamonds.

Thousands Thousands
of ounces. of carats.

Thousands of pounds.

1913 monthly average...
1914 monthly average...
1915 monthly average...
1916 monthly average...
1917 monthly average...

Gold.

837
457

14,748

'5,228

11,165

4,421
5,071
4,865
4,319

1,912
18,319
24,897
29,100
39,059

151
178
616
1,532
3,979

19,202

3,649
5,945
4,101
3,823

42,458
20,522
6,253
64,770

1,592
3,891
1,134
230

781
739

214
229
170
26

11,571
7,820
8,331
8,133

36,792

10,839

15,540

7,343

7,908
7,750
231
50

182
366
377
1,062

662
719
722
856

203
73
248
362

9,804

6,562
4,880
5,674
4,240

5,494
5,410
2,074
1,917

1,653

40
82
737
501

4,736
815
305
764

890
760
930
719

216
121
141
124

1,526
20,798
41,351
43,555

9,858
9,290
9,985
9,014

5,158
5,308
4,404
5,719

3,349
4,033
7,262
12,172

2,639
3,295
2,960
2,885

2,993
9,330
30,715
14,698

2,337
654
454
^558

853
794
661
800

126
170
47
208

333,881
249,795
470,508
160,109

45,909
25,730
113,235
5,118

7,638
5,588
5,677
4,919

3,987
4,547
4,346
4,839

10,468

1,651
2,314
1,535
1,274

19,373
34,636
73,863
131,425

24
118
127
162

644
587
618
721

31
41

May....
June
July
August..

336,096
245,214
250,599
207,038

45,240
11,976
21,426
16,745

4,286
3,981
3,932
4,071

4,184
4,252
5,069
4,450

1,218
2,635
3,102
4,268

89,272
38,348
34,113
76,892

170
178
14
102

630
660
799
638

11
21
36
25

September.
October....
November.
December..

563,746
606,97§
675,341
692,414

141,105

4,679
4,290
4,411
4,729

5,303
4,880
6,001
5,587

5,978
7,614
8,665
5,647

87,994
119,948
60,374
16,009

47
159
647
7

820
659
655

21
37
25
46

1920.
January
February
March
April

154,085
201,758
236,085

10,623
10,610

14,167
11,366
9,805
9,636
9,959

15,587

7,086

9,876

3,931

24,204
10,949
6,491
15,001
19,418
20,712
15,666
15,068
15,643
44,430
32,431

3,641
2,020
922

459
240
51
191
200

1922.
January
February
March
April
MayJune.
1 Compiled from official reports by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
1
One Egyptian kantar is equal to 99.05 pounds.
* Includes ox, cow, sheep, goat, and seal.
* The monthly averages for 1920 are obtained from the yearly totals. In some cases they do not check exactly with the preliminaryfiguresreported each month6
Tradefiguresrepresent general imports (including specie and articles for South African Governments), and domestic exports (including raw gold).




160

COAL PRODUCTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 122.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
COAL.
United
Kingdom.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Germany.

France.

Belgium.

LIGNITE.

Czechoslovakia. Poland.

Netherlands.

Japan.

Canada.

Union of
South
Africa.

Germany.

Czechoslovakia.

Relative to 1913.

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

100
67
48
52
71

100

61

72

64
54
85
94

80
81
98
74

1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthlv average
1917 monthly average

66
64

100
92
88
89
86

average
average
average .
average

79
80
80
57

1OO
85
77
84
88

1OO

1OO

!

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

73

103

105

91

96

96

62

121

96

88

94

101

74

138

107

96

114

108

65

161

124

94

118

110

181

132

100

112

115

181

147

91

117

108

210

137

88

130

128

86

131

141

92

120

79

116

77

81

74

98

78

67

95

82

79

86

98

65

72

197

127

91

114

80

88

78

69

176

128

85

106

64

70

105

86

56

200

157

85

135

63

75

100

83

69

189

153

79

61
69

1OO

74

1920.
January
February
March
April

:
i

109

95

125

122

85

73

81

91

73

58

185

153

79

131

120

86

69

90

99

67

67

205

145

90

134

132

80

76

73

95

100

82

78

224

132

87

141

127

85

70

September
October
November
December

65

100

May
June
July
August

68

90

97

84

64

222

116

87

135

133

86
93

98

73

94

100

81

66

229

125

90

131

139

41

75

96

103

78

63

235

130

88

136

144

85

67

75

93

86

85

70

229

134

99

137

135

87

98

75

97

108

74

65

235

147

98

141

139

90

1921.
January
February
March
April

77

107

86

69

221

118

85

134

139

95

84

98

84

70

179

104

78

122

138

91

72

87

95

87

76

188

122

74

131

136

97

24

75

88

90

85

82

186

114

62

135

!

143

91

24

55

86

84

78

56

182

109

70

135

j

129

83

24

65

96

89

83

83

216

104

74

132

138

88

64

68

95

93

79

82

212

102

78

131

139

88

69

74

99

97

85

82

199

92

91

141

146

93

86

73

100

99

80

82

223

101

83

135

143

92

71

76

98

100

72

238

108

78

123

145

84

75

74

97

95

81

83

125

144

97

94

September
October
N o vem ber
December

95

76

69

May
June
July.

76

73

75

107

103

77

152

98

74

77

89
88

124

91

i

98

1

"
|

I

1922.
January
February
March
April
May




........

81

98
92

102
i

.. .

i See footnotes on opposite page.

151

161

COAL PRODUCTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 123.—NUMEKICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

LIGNITE.

COAL.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

United
Kingdom. Germany, France.
0)
0)

Bel- CzechoNetherslogium. vakia. Poland, lands. Japan.

Union
Czechoof
Canada. South Germany. slovakia.
Africa.

Thousands of metric tons.3
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average..
average.,
average..
average..
average.,

24,342
22,499
21,443
21,711
21,044

15,842
13,449
12,239
13,264
13,979

3,404
2,294
1,628
1,776
2,410

1,904
1,393
1,181
1,405
1,243

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..

19,286
19,458
19,402
13,758

13,376
i 9,723
i 10,950
1 11,351

2,188
»1,822
12,890
13,213

1,157
1,540
1,866
1,817

January..
February.
March
April

19,567
19,790
2
23,927
18,042

10,400
10,157
10,146
10,035

2,927
2,715
2,380
2,553

1,870
1,684
2,006
1,901

May....
June
July....
August.

17,795
2 24,225
18,409
17,151

10,224
11,008
11,509
10,788

2,766
3,065
3,218
3,074

September..
October
November..
December..

2 23,883
9,960
16,191
3 23,891

11,550

1,189

803

156
161
189
216
251

874
928
970

534
631

283
283
328

1,776
1,858
1,707
1,908
2,197

1,135

2,336

1,133
1,035
1,001

2,606
2,437

1,031
1,003
1,095
1,062

665
641
626
757
785

7,269
6,975
7,329
7,849
7,962

747
776
867
870

1,918

8,389

10,249

1,411
1,641
1,756

828

8,700
8,426
7,902
8,900

1,516
1,473
1,823
1,634

895

8,705
9,572
9,235
9,651

1,645
1,539
1,623
1,648

10,103

1,779
1,627
1,664
1,722

7,820
9,303

1920.

11,870
11,S14
11,926

771
933
981

581
553
451
558

307
274
312
295

2,260
2,267
2,787
2,712

1,737
1,887
1,911
1,856

863
796
979
1,004

467
541
627
517

288
320
349
347

2,719
2,577
2,340
2,068

3,213
3,283
3,171
3,317

1,909
1,967
1,634
2,052

966
924
1,015
874

526
509
560
522

357
367
358
367

2,223
2,315
2,375
2,602

1,018
1,002
1,119
1,114

3,246
2,875
2,969
3,009

2,041
1,778
1,800
1,712

1,027
998
1,039
1,012

557
566
609
661

345
279
293
290

2,101
1,849
2,173
2,018

965

2,919
3,258
3,218
3,386

1,592
1,700
1,777
1,840

926
988
944
1,014

447
666
658
660

284
337
330
311

1,933
1,844
1,804
1,642

3,393
3,337
3,309
3,632

1,876
1,906
1,818
1,965

949
861
964
914

659
672
711
703

348

1,792
1,920

1,026

1,038

757

960

707

965
897
901
1,016
992

872
905
913
937

10,493
9,839
10,110

1921.
January..
February.
March....
April

18,854
17,661
16,712

12,009
12,009
11,460
11,906

May....
June
July....
August.

8,771

60
15,463
16,869

September..
October
November..
December..

3 20,980
17,251
18,174
3 22,951

10,295
10,731
11,727
11,607
11,977
11,708
11,923

372

840
705

10,071

811
873
897

10,039

877
873

10,058

9,876
10,374
9,369

844
8S3
1,036
947
887
944

10,068
10,606
10,359

818
S32
824

10,567

653

1,817
1,749
1,867
1,750
1,597
1,696
1,685
1,786
1,766
1,618
1,860
1,883

10,979

10,479
11,029

1922.
January..
February.
March
April

17,990
19,763

12,166

1,872
1,760

729

24,746

June..
1
Compiled by the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, from official sources. Figures for France include lignite (averaging 66,000 tons
per month i n 1913). Beginning 1919, Alsace-Lorraine (averaging 203,000 tons monthly in 1919, and 264,000 tons in 1920), is included with France instead of with Germany
and beginning 1920, the Saar district (784,000 tons per-month) is similarly transferred. Upper Silesia, whose disorders were responsible for the curtailment of German
production i n May, 1921, is still included with Germany.
2
Five weeks' period; other months cover four weeks.
3 One metric ton is equivalent to 2,204.6 pounds.

100797°—22




11

162

METAL PRODUCTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 124.—INDEX NTJMBEBS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
PIG IRON.

YEAR AND MONTH.

United
Kingdom.

STEEL INGOTS.

Canada. France. Belgium. Luxemburg.

United
Kingdom.

ZINC.

LuxemCanada. France. Belgium. burg.

Relative
to Apr.- Relative
Dec. aver- to 1920.
age, 1920.

Relative to 1913.

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.

1OO
52
11
29
33

86

100
69
81

88

104

92

104

88

106

72

81

78

96

25
46
64

25

60

65

100
87

100
57
4
4

60

100
102
112
120
128

100
71
87
122
149

100
56
23
41
47

50
24
27
38

125
103
118
47

161
89
106
64

38
46
62
63

20
26
32
37

20

106

97
111

47

39

15

118
125
131
124

107

47

100
58
3
5
(<)

10
45
35

100
72
63

77

Stocks in ProducUnited tion in
King- Belgium.
dom.

100

109

<<)
(4)

72

14
51
32

32

49

28

49

35

49

40
30
36
32

115

93

43

48

30

103

105

62

55

47

118

103

64

58

49

114

105

70

60

55

113

109

50

G2

70

100
79

I
1920.

January...
February.
March
April
May....
June
July....
August..

78

87

45

75

76

47

82

82

46

78

92

41

17
18

58

65
83

104

52

44

21

132

85

95

62

49

27

132

88

100

54

25

124

88

111

69
74

56

30

111

103
105
108
121

87

112

80

51

35

138

114

76

54

102

110

62

125

85

60

38

85

128

82

60

72

84

116

47

112

82

57

41

79

111

79

59

65

75

114

64

80

61

41

117

64

79

73

77

121

1931.
January...
February.
March
April

49
69
71
46

68
67
69
67

54
51
51
46

45
39
13
34

77
76
56
11

46
68
61
31

68
67
63
65

59
49
48

71

65
60

54

62
2057

118
93
66
62

May
June
July....
August..

67
65
64
60

65
66
62
59

37
33
22
22

1
39
33
35

18
68

60
74
62
83

62
62
56
59

31
27
13
14

56
61
57
55

62
62
71
71

September.
October....
November.
December..

52
60

19
23
29
36

42

67

64

60

17

76

47

63

83

52

16

82

44

69

86

72

23

70

48

56
59
68
69

48

60

49

76

31

81

71
78
88
105

38

72

45

48

51

38

39

76

65

48

September.
October....
November.
December..

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

57

40

56

117
110
127

May..
June.




0)

77

1

See footnotes on opposite page.

163
METAL PRODUCTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 125.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page
PIG IRON.

YEAR AND MONTH.

United
Kingdom.

Canada. France.

Thousands2of long
tons.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.

1918
1919
1920
1921

monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.

1920.
January...
February.
March
April
May
June
July
August.
September.
October
November.
December..
1921.
January...
February.
March
April
May
June
July
August..
September.
October
November..
December..
1922.
January...
February.
March
April

STEEL INGOTS.

Belgium.

Luxemburg.

Thousands of metric tons. 3

855

84

744

58

434
224
49

754

87

124

11

163

785

87

145

1

127

733

207
121

212
152
133

756

109

612

201

21

51

106

667

81

276

93

58

218

50

280

73

81

43

665

73

195

41

645

64'

205

54

69

198

66

77

179

76

31

738

87

224

92

45

726

80

271

101

58

751

84

300

111

53

752

93

321

115

64

741

94

348

106

74

533

105

371

125

81

403

94

356

118

683

54

349

127

112
105

83

386

300

106

28

60

292

96

72

642

41

464

58

11

56

283

76

80

1

55

285

69

83
71
74

10

54

267

45

94

50

255

45

158

44

244

40

88

236

50

256

47

100

272

48

295

61

94

275

40

301

74

102

288

32

312

300

34

390

Canada. France.

Thousands2of long
tons.

Belgium.

Luxemburg.

Thousands of metric tons.3

Stocks in
United
Kingdom.

Production in
Belgium.

Short tons.

639
653
713
766
817

87
62
76
106
130

396
221
91
163
186

205
116

101
97
83
110
90

799
658
755
302

140
77
92
56

151
182
246
250

1
28
104
65

73
32
50
63

754
798
840
794

92

195
194
188
186

57
72
79
100

40
30
36
32

29,208

7,210

172
244
255
277

26,220
30,047
28,927
28,794

8,125

113
119
123

30
47
49
56

300
324
314
312

111
122
120
121

70
73

25,954
21,520
18,987
19,640

8,483

121
100
98
110

72
63
20
58

16,635
15,239
16,158
19,538

9,161

264
251
257
244
245
223
232

64
55
27
28

57
62
58
56

21,280
21,002
20,331
19,473

35
33
47
64

77
83
71
82

18,374

80

846
845
790
709
885
544
505
747

95

292

United
Kingdom.

ZINC.

84
97
93
90
91
94
105
99
111
97
56

40

484
359
71

59
53
27

6
3
117
434

52

429
405
443
381

56

43

236
206
277
302

328
415
549

33

315

64
54
72

72
75

42

s 25,477
17,945

7,740
61,06

4,476
5,027
6,439

7,992
8,158
8,433

9,007
8,841
9,359

7,199
5,115
4,762
4,806
4,817
5,457
5,512
5,500

17,275

6,019

15, 738

6,801

14,297

8,122

12,781

9,092

9,335

8,543

7,140

9,866

May..
June.
1
Compiled by the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, from official reports, except zinc stocks in United Kingdom, and zinc production in Belgium reported by American Bureau of Metal Statistics; iron and steel production in United Kingdom reported by British Federation of Iran and Steel Manufacturers; Canadian production by Department of Trade and Commerce, Dominion Bureau of Statistics.
* A long ton contains 2,240 pounds.
* A metric ton is equivalent to 2,204.6 pounds.
4
Index number less than 1.
* Average for 9 months, April-December.




164

EMPLOYMENT IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 126.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
UNITED
KINGDOM.
YEAB AND MONTH.

GERMANY.
Trade Compulsory
unions. insurance.

BEL- NETHERGIUM. LANDS. SWEDEN.

NORWAY.

DENAUSMARK. CANADA. TRALIA.

Relative
to 1919.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

100

1OO
99
102
102
102

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

100
101
102
102

96

99

88
90
99
95

98

99

97
100
103

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.

101

102

100

100

100

87

00

100

January...
February.
March
April

99
101
101
101

97
99
100
101

May
June
July
August..

101
101
101
101

101
101
101
101

September.
October
November.
December..

100

100

97

99

95

4 102

101

1OO

100

102

99

81

100

87

91

96

99

100

101

101

101

100

100
100

97

99

102
102
99
99

100

3 95
<102
«102

1OO
98
97
101
99

99

101

Relative
to 1913.

99

77

1920.
99

94

100

96

101

97

101

97

99
97
100
101

94

99

98

99

101

100

100

104

101

100

102

101

105

101

99

101

101

106

101

2 101

97

100

102

101

106

97

100

101

100

106

101

101

102

100

100

101

100

99

97

98

105
105
102
92

87
83
83
85

2 100

101

90

97

100

99
99

95

98

99

85

95
94
92

99

79
70
71

85
88
90

100
100
101

85
89

91

95

2 100

97
93
90

2 99

1921.
January...
February.
March
April

95
93
92
84

May
June
July
August..

79
79

September.
October
November.
December..

87
86
86
85

91
90
87

102
102
102
101

85

87

100

85
85

87

70
79
81
80

ss
88
91
93
95
97
97

83
83
79
79

90

78
75
76

84

77

98

78
76
75

85
84

83
87
87

90
90
89
90
88
86
81

87
86
87
88
90
94
95
95
96
92

1922.
January...
February.
March
April




85

68

89
89
94

* See footnotes on opposite page.

2 95

2 94

2 95

165

EMPLOYMENT IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 127.—NUMERICAL

DATA.

Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

UNITED KINGDOM.
GERMANY.

Compulsory insurance.

Tradeunions.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

BEL- NETHERGIUM. LANDS.

SWEDEN.

NORWAY.

DENMARK. CANADA

TRALYAJ
i

Per cent employed.
1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.

97.9
97.7

1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

94.9
83.8
85.4
94.2
90.4

95.6
93.3
92.2
95.8
96.1

98.4
97.6
97.9
99.2
99.1

92.5
90.1
92.3
95.1
90.8

3 92.07
< 98.13
« 98.13

90.0
91.1
92.8

95.6
94.5
94.6
73.9

9S.6
98.4
97.7

82.6
89.3
94.2
80.1

^98.50
96.58
95.37
87.47

96.6
97.1
98.1
98.0

89.4
91.5
92.3
92.0

92.4
92.5
95.5
96.5

97.4
97.6
98.0
98.2

86.8
90.4
93.3
96.5

95.98
96.04
96.87
97.48

97.3
97.4
97.3
97.1

97.3
96.0
94.0
94.1

92.7
94.1
95.1
95.0

97.1
96.6
97.2
97.0

99.0
99.2
98.9
98.5

97.2
97.9
97.9
97.6

97.60
97.86
97.65
97.63

97.8
94.7
96.3
93.9

96.2
95.9
96.3
94.2

95.5
95.8
96.1
95.9

94.2
93.6
92.8
82.6

95.9
95.8
92.8
86.6

97.1
95.5
93.0
84.2

98.2
97.8
96.5
93.2

97.3
96.7
93.9
84.9

96.74

»93.8

89.76
86.95

*92.2

January...
February.
March
April

93.1
91.5
90.0
82.4

91.8
90.5
88.7
85.0

95.5
95.3
96.3
96.1

80.7
77.3
68.5
68.8

86.1
88.1

79.8
79.2
75.4
75.8

88.7
85.1
83.9
82.9

May
June
July
August..

77.8
76.9
33.3
83.7

82.7
82.2
85.2
86.8

96.3
97.0
97.5
97.8

67.7
77.1
78.6
78.3

90.6
91.9
92.4
92.7

74.7
72.1
72.2
73.2

September.
October
November..
December..

85.2
84.4
84.1
83.5

87.8
87.2
84.3
83.8

98.7
98.8
98.6
5 98.4

82.3
86.4
86.1
88.6

93.2
93.1

74.2
72.8
71.4
66.1

96.4
95.8
98.8
98.4
98.4

97.1
92.8
96.8
97.8
99.0

99.2
97.6
97.6
84.7

96.2
86.3

96.3
96.2
97.2

January...
February.
March
April

97.1
98.4
98.9
99.1

93.9
95.6
96.4
97.2

May
June
July
August..

98.9
98.8
98.6
98.4

September.
October....
November.
December..

99.6
99.4

97.3
96.1

78.4

93.5
91.7
90.7
94.2
92.9
94.2
93.-1
93.5

1920.

294.4

»93.8

1921.

78.3

86.93
83.88
83.52
83.73

82.2
79.1
82.1
85.3

81.4
83.2
83.3
82.3

84.54
86.85
90.90
91.29

85.3
84.9

83.4
81.6
79.2
74.8

91.53
92.58
88.94
84.91

80.3
76.8
76.4

2 88.6

*87.5

188.6

1922.

January...
February.

83.2

.

1

86.10
i

March

|

April

!

1

65.2

96.7
j

!

T

I

86,20

j

90.40

I

Compiled by the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, from official sources. Canadian figures furnished direct by Dominion Department of Labour, Employment Service of Canada. The figures, except in the case of British compulsory insurance, which relate to the operations of the government labor
bureau, represent the percentage of trade-union members employed. They have been converted, by inverting, from the original figures showing percentage unemployed.
a
Quarter ending this month
1
December.
4
Average of quarters, March, June, September, and December.
5 The report for December covers 6,075,755 organized workers of whom only 97,687 or 1.6 per cent were unemployed.




166
CANADIAN FINANCE AND EMPLOYMENT
Table 128.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
BUSINESS
FAILURES.

YEAR AND MONTH.

BANK
CLEARINGS.

Firms.

BOND ISSUES.

Government
and
Liabilities.
provincial.

Municipal.

Total
public.

EMPLOYMENT SERVICE OF CANADA.

Corporation
bonds.

Placements.
Applications. Vacancies.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.

100
85
82
111

Regular.

Casual.

Relative to 1920.

100
185
194
95
82

100
161
405
393
1,271

100
73
57
43
25

100
101

132

1OO
159
144
97
61

1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

144
174
210
181

45
34
54
131

75
61
133
307

1,312
1,457
220
301

51
27
46
73

447
498
101
145

100

100

100

83

107

87

77

100
151

1920.
January...
February.
March
Aprii

205
177
198
194

44
43
45

159
92

202
68
336
233

35
39
90
51

48
167
108

11
3
18
190

109
88
101
108

67
71
95
115

71
75
93
115

71
76
89
109

May....
June
July....
August..

210
207
210
191

34
46
53
57

46
52
363
77

278
113
425
41

9
43
28
30

94
65
153
33

81
81
8
54

91
88
91
140

109
92
104
179

104
95
95
171

122
118
120
120

September.
October....
November.
December..

200
242
246

41
57
70
123

119
101
151
327

85
209
198
458

30
36
56
108

47
91
100
218

104
99
13
190

84

146
95
75
52

124
107
86
55

103
111
89
72

413

60
100
59
33

171
69
115
114

33
130
81
170

103
81
87
108

50
43
66
98

52
45
54
85

80
78
87
100

167
153
416

100
59
31
57
44
10

1921.
January...
February.
March
April

186
161
167
183

128
110
105
91

392
204
305
177

237
290

May....
June
July....
August.

184
170
161

95
113
132
131

246
390
255
297

497
204
531
90

49
63
36

190
107
192
75

16
(3)
41

102
96
104
184

81
95
201

75
71
81
188

117
152
188
167

167
192
208
200

157
180
147
187

344
311
411
349

777
309
216
70

246

October....
November.
December..

44

413
130
118
52

122
122
156
126

126
102
91
93

132
86
57
51

114
72
44
38

221
235
185
198

217
207
139

437

483

23
110

167
123

65
107

102
90

57

39

143

56

35

138
137

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

167

664

47
73

320

May.
June.




See footnotes on opposite page.

167
CANADIAN FINANCE AND EMPLOYMENT.
Table 129.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
BUSINESS
FAILURES.
BANK
CLEARINGS.
Firms. Liabilities

YEAR AND MONTH.

Millions
of dollars.

EMPLOYMENT SERVICE OF CANADA.

BOND ISSUES.

Placements.

Government
and
provincial.

Municipal.

Total
public.

Corporation
bonds.

Applications.

Thousands of dollars.

Vacancies.

Regular.

Casual. 2

Number.

$775
659
637
859
1,021

153
241
219
148
93

$1,388
2,562
2,698
1,312
1,138

$4,422
7,118
17,901
17,385
56,198

$9,647
7,032
5,542
4,158
2,365

$14,069
14,150
23,444
21,543
58,562

$6,171
3,644
1,888
3,540
2,708

1,115
1,351
1,627
1,400

68
52
82
199

1,035
843
1,845
4,257

58,000
64,429
9,749
13,311

4,917
2,583
4,466
7,052

62,917
70,123
14,216
20,447

628
5,121
3,846
5,121

41,533
44,240

40,165
35,002

30,503
23,376

6,588
9,926

1920.
January
February
March
April

1,591
1,374
1,534
1,505

67
65
68
50

828
683
2,213
1,281

8,950
2,998
14,850
10,300

3,404
3,718
8,647
4,962

12,354
6,716
23,497
15,262

650
160
1,115
11,725

45,308
36,361
42,146
44,921

26,858
28,348
38,200
46,380

21,553
22,861
28,268
35,216

4,651
4,979
5,860
7,160

May
June
July
August..

1,626
1,607
1,627
1,484

51
70

639
719
5,035
1,065

12,300
5,000
18,800
1,795

916
4,149
2,718
2,900

13,216
9,149
21,518
4,695

5,000
5,000
500
3,350

37,687
36,401
37, 728
57;941

43,744
36,848
41,861
71,847

31,845
29.002
31,576
52,253

8,033
7,749
7,916
7,923

September.
October....
November.
December..

1,549
1,872
1,909
1,849

62
107
187

1,648
1,396
2,090
4,543

3,750
9,250
8,750
20,250

2,900
3,517
5,386
10,376

6,650
12,767
14,136
30,626

None.
6,100
800
11,750

43,376
40,896
40,601
35,028

58,685
38,096
30,273
20,845

37,712
32,721
26,274
16,747

6,794
7,330
5,892
4,770

1931.
January
February
March
April

1,440
1,249
1,294
1,418

194
167
159
139

5,441
2,831
4,232
2,455

18,250
None.
10,500
12,840

5,754
9,661
5,671
3,203

24,004
9,661
16,171
16,043

2,050
8,000
5,000
10,500

42,794
33,535
36,239
44,974

19,910
17,165
26,649
39,292

15,940
13,849
16,330
26,076

5,299
5,156
5,727
6,561

May
June
July
August..

1,466
1,426
1,319
1,245

144
171
201
199

3,419
5,415
3,544
4,119

21,980
9,002
23,500
4,000

4,700
6,092
3,465
6,544

26,680
15,094
26,965
10,544

1,000
None.
2,500
None.

42,560
40,037
43,123
76,427

34,396
32,517
38,175
80,762

22,849
21,736
24,604
57,249

7,732
9,985
12,384
11,007

September.
October
November.
December..

1,291
1,491
1,614
1,549

238
273
224
284

4,768
4,314
5,705
4,840

34,350
13,668
9,558
3,097

23,754
4,563
6,997
4,219

58,104
18.231
16,555
7,317

7,500
7,500
9,650
7,750

52,340
42,509
37,740
38,596

53,195
34,602
23,031
20,330

34,777
21,971
13,488
11,647

14,584
15,483
12,179
13,014

1922.
January
February
March
April

1,304
1,110
1,298

330
314
212

6,067
9,221
4,445

21,370
None.

2,182
10,645

23,552
17,278

4,000
6,633

42,233
37,345

23,000
22,571

11,825
10,624

9,118
9,002

1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly avgrage.
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.

May..
June.

I
1

Data on operations of Canadian employment service prorated from weekly reports of Dominion Department of Labor, Employment Service of Canada; issues of Canadian
bonds compiled by The Financial Post; bank clearings and business failures from Bradstreet's.
3
Placements are termed casual when employment lasts one week or less.
1
Index number less than one.




168

ARGENTINE MOVEMENT OF GRAIN AND FLAXSEED.
Table 130.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

SHIPMENTS.'

VISIBLE SUPPLY.'

FlaxWheat. Corn. Oats. Flax- Wheat. Corn. seed.

SHIPMENTS.*
Wheat.

Corn.

Oats.

VISIBLE SUPPLY.*
Flaxseed.

Wheat.

Corn.

Flaxseed.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Relative to 1913 or 1914.

Thousands of bushels.

A.-INDEX NUMBERS.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
191? monthly average.

100
35

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

71

40

83

37

149

1OO

3,002

89

92

67

97

179

219

194

7,681

82

60

90

63

396

299

326

7,027

32

15

30

14

183

106

71

2,745

1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.

104

11

60

39

276

103

209

8,959

116

40

37

82

116

178

359

9,965

179

91

46

100

164

195

200

15,383

62

60

45

125

108

394

5,308

January..
February.
March....
April

213

77

242

96

65

119

May....
June
July....
August.

8,611

15,770
11,204
14,435
9,428
2,352

5,118

3,336
2,761
3,222
2,099
467

2,588

3,496

2,036
3,408
4,618
1,557

964

5,193
7,647
10,445
3,717

728
1,415
2,374
515

1,700
6,234
14,378
9,412

3,055
1,903
2,357
2,298

1,304
2,752
3,324
4,174

7,130

3,617
6,233
6,830
3,767

< 1,520
2,617
1,457
2,867

4,641
10,256
4,740

2,992
4,240
3,814

1920.
236

183

192

18,359

12,209

1,841

2,866

6,105

6,400

1,400

200

142

247

20,858

15,201

3,341

3,954

5,180

4,960

1,800

240

30

142

257

172

440

20,663

7,510

1,553

4,749

6,660

6,000

3,200

105

64

185

315

200

302

32,905

16,530

3,262

6,160

8,140

7,000

2,200

430

68

17

94

400

114

74

36,998

10,798

871

3,146

10,360

4,000

540

264

90

43

52

329

137

7-*

22,704

14,157

2,216

1,744

8,510

4,800

540

291

69

28

77

143

137

165

25,049

10,845

1,423

2,575

3,700

4,800

1,200

81

75

47

61

286

192

6,947

11,883

2,428

2,027

925

10,000

1,400

27

107

65

103

343

192

2,321

16,832

3,318

3,436

555

12,000

1,400

12

127

24

138

286

165

993

20,105

1,217

4,595

185

10,000

1,200

1

135

11

90

252

220

97

21,334

587

3,012

8,800

1,600

44

11

52

21

92

137

6,935

585

1,744

3,200

1,000

63
32
18
11

30

61

71

46

275

1,223

9,943

1,520

2,022

1,850

1,600

2,000

50

85

93

29

412

6,054

5,081

2,557

2,405

1,000

3,000

66

186

143

23

440

8,927

2,874

3,373

2,820 !
6,203 |

3,700

800

3,200

157

49

153

255

17

549

13,503

1,695

2,525

5,109 I

6,600

600

4,000

112

43

38

82

329

137

824

9,655

6,782

1,969

65

35

122

255

172

385

7,379

10,259

1,798

123

September..
October
November..
December..

48

382

79

280

143

229

330

5,923

19,466

4,040

97

71

149

275

3,133

17,772

4,506

2,720
4,075 ,
9,344 I
3,236 i
I
4,163 |

555

1921.
January..
February.
March
April

14
70
104

May....
June
July....
August.

36

September..
October
November..
December..

113

8,510

4,800

6,000

6,600

6,000

2,800

3,700

8,000

2,400

1,850

5,200

2,000
2,600

20

79

125

72

149

357

1,726

12,487

2,632

1,859

5,200

27

63

99

100

114

192

2,336

9,990

480

3,302

2,590

4,000

1,400

12

51

58

122

137

192

1,055

7,978

978

1,934

3,145

4,800

1,400

32

55

155

114

92

495

2,782

8,616

1,193

5,162

2,960

3,200

3,600

2,000

51

1922.
January..
February.
March
April
May..
June..

87

37

223
321

28

43
50

229

275

7,530

5,788

2,196

2,538

5,920

2,400

272

48

302

19,213

7,603

4,414

2,662

7,030

2,000

2,220

186

385

27,600

4,485

2,556

2,661

4,810

1,600

2,800

T

i Shipments of wheat, corn, and oats as reported in the Northwestern Miller. Shipments and visible supply of flaxseed as reported in the Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter,
Visible supply of wheat and corn in chief ports reported by Modern Miller.
* Monthly figures are totals of weekly figures with first and last week of month prorated.
8
At end of week nearest end of the month.
< Ten-month average.




169

SOURCES OP DATA.
CURRENT PUBLICATION. 1

DATE OF PUBLICATION.

I.—REPORTS FROM GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS, FEDERAL, STATE, AND FOREIGN.
Price index for Australia

Federal Reserve Bulletin

Second week of month.

BANK OF JAPAN

Price index for Japan

Federal Reserve Bulletin

Second week of month.

CANADIAN DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

Priceindex for Canada
Labour Gazette (Canadian)
P^mployment in Canadian trade unions
Employment
Operations of Canadian employment service... Employment

AUSTRALIAN COMMONWEALTH'S BUREAU OF CENSUS AND STATISTICS.

Monthly.
Semimonthly.
Semimonthly.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CHICAGO. I Savings deposits in Seventh Federal Reserve ; Business Conditions
' Monthly.
District.
!
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF N E W
Foreign exchange rates and index
Federal Reserve Bulletin and daily state- ! Daily and monthly.
YORK.
I ment.
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF PHILA- Savings deposits in Third Federal Reserve j Business and Financial Conditions
Monthly.
DELPHIA.
District.
FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD.
Foreign exchange index numbers..
Federal Reserve Bulletin
! Monthly (second week of month).
Debits to individual accounts
Federal Reserve Bulletin and weekly press I Sunday newspapers and monthly.
releases.*
j
Condition of Federal Reserve banks
Federal Reserve Bulletin and weekly press ! Friday morning newspapers and
releases.*
j monthly.
Condition of reporting member banks
Federal Reserve Bulletin and weekly press Friday afternoon newspapers and
releases.*
monthly.
Money held outside U. S. Treasury and Federal Reserve Bulletin
' Monthly.
Federal Reserve Systems.
Wholesale price index numbers
Federal Reserve Bulletin
j Monthly.
Department store trade; in cooperation with Federal Reserve Bulletin
! Monthly.
National Retail Dry Goods Association.
Index numbers of department store and gro- Federal Reserve Bulletin
Monthly.
cery trade.
Paper and wood pulp production, prices, etc.. Monthly press releases *

FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION.

INDIAN DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS..

Price index for India

INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION..

Railway revenues and expenses

NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF
LABOR.

Telephone operating revenue and income
Telegraph operations and income
New York State factory employment and
earnings.

PANAMA CANAL

Federal Reserve Bulletin

Monthly.

Labor Market Bulletin and press releases *. I Monthly.
Annual report

|

j Yearly.

The Panama Canal Record
Semimonthly report *

| Panama Canal traffic

PENNSYLVANIA DEPARTMENT OF LA- Unemployment in Pennsylvania.
BOR AND INDUSTRY.

Second week of month.

Preliminary statement of operations of
Class I roads.
Not published
Not published

New York State canal traffic

N E W YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF
PUBLIC WORKS.

| Newsprint, 20th to 25th of the month,
I other paper and wood pulp, 1st of
following month.

; Last weekly issue of month.
Semimonthly.

Market Reporter 2

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE— | Beef,pork, and lamb production.
BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTUREBUREAU OF MARKETS AND CROP
ESTIMATES.

Prices of farm products to producer .
Wool consumption and stocks
Crop production

Monthly Crop Reporter *
Market Reporter 2
"-"•*
~
Monthly Crop Reporter"
releases.*
Market Reporter 2
Market Reporter a
Market Reporter«
Market Reporter 2
2
Market Reporter
Monthly Crop Reporter 2

Cold storage holdings and fish frozen
Movement of cattle, hogs, and sheep
Receipts of butter, cheese, and eggs
Production of dairy products
Car lot shipments of fruits and vegetables
Farm labor, wages, supply, etc
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCEBUREAU OF THE CENSUS.

Cotton ginned
Cotton consumed and on hand
Activetextile machinery

Preliminary report on ginnings *
j Semimonthly during season.
Preliminary report on cotton consumed... j loth of month.
Reports on wool machinery and on cotton i 20th of month,
spindles.*
I
Census of hides, skins, and leather *
I First week of month.
i
Preliminary report on cotton seed
| 18th of month.
Statement on stocks of leaf tobacco
Quarterly (one month after end of
quarter).
Statistics of fats and oils *
I Quarterly (one month after end of
quarter).
Commercial stocks of coal *
"""
"- 1 "*
Bimonthly hereafter.

Leather, hides and shoes, production and
stocks.
Cotton seed and cottonseed oil
Stocks of tobacco held by manufacturers and
dealers.
Fats and oils, production, consumption, and
stocks.
Stocks of coal, in cooperation with Geological
Survey.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE— i
BUREAU OF FISHERIES.
|

Fish catch

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE—

Allimports and exports

BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMES-

TIC COMMERCE.

Monthly statement..
i Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce.
|

Tonnage of vessels, entered and cleared in
United States foreign trade.
Data on trade, employment and coal and iron
production of foreign countries.
Wholesale price of wool
Warehouse stocks of rice

'
and

| Last weekly issue of month or first
i of next month.
j Monthly.
First weekly issue of month.
. . .
press Releases about .1st .of. month (cotton)
and 10th (other crops).
Fourth weekly issue of month.
Third weekly issue of month.
I Weekly.
\ Quarterly.
!
Third weekly issue of month.
Monthly.

(Part

Last week of month.

I.)«

{ Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce. Middle of next month.
j (Part II.)
\ Various foreign sources
j
1
j Wholesale Prices
! Yearly.
I Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce, i Monthly.
! (Part II.)
! •
"

* Multigraphed or mimeographed sheets.
1
This is not necessarily the source of the figures published in the "Survey," as many of them are obtained direct from the compilers prior to publication in the respective8journals. This column and the right-hand column have been added to assist readers in obtaining current statistics between publication dates of the "Survey."
Beginning Jan. 7,1922, combined into new publication called Weather, Crops, and Markets, issued weekly.
»Imports and exports of gold and silver in Part II.




170
SOURCES OF DATA—Continued.
DATE OF PUBLICATION.

CURRENT PUBLICATION.

I.—REPORTS FROM GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS. FEDERAL, STATE, AND FOREIGN—Continued.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OP COMMERCEBUREAU OF NAVIGATION.

Vessels under construction and vessels com- Commerce Reports...
pleted.

First weekly issue of month (Mondays).

U. S. GRAIN CORPORATION

Wheatflourproduction, prior to July, 1920.... No longer published..
Refined petroleum products, production, etc.. Refinery Statistics*.

Second week of month.

U. S. DEPARTMENT OFTHE INTERIORBUREAU OF MINES.

Report on Portland cement output *
Weekly report on production of coal *
Preliminary statistics on petroleum *
Production of electric power *
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR—EM- Number on pay roll—United States factories.. Industrial Survey *
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR—
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.

Portland cement, production, etc..
Coal and coke production
Crude petroleum, production, etc..
Electric power production

, 20th of month.
Second or third weekly issue of
month (Saturdays).
25th of month.
End of month.
First week of month.

PLOYMENT SERVICE.

Immigration and emigration statistics.,

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR—BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION.

Not published. .

Wholesale prices of commodities, including
farm products, food, clothing, metals, etc.
Wholesale price index
Retail price index of foods
Retail coal prices

Not published..
Monthly Labor Review.
Monthly Labor Review.
Monthly Labor Review.
Postal Savin* s News Bulletin.
United States postal savings.
U. S. POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT
Postal receipts
Statement of Postal Receipts *
Government debt, receipts and disbursements. Daily Statement ofthe U. S. Treasury
U. S. TREASURY DEPARTMENT.
U. S. TREASURY DEPARTMENT—BU- Oleomargarine production
Not published
Consumption of manufactured tobacco, snuff, Statement of tax-paid products *..
REAU OF INTERNAL REVENUE.
cigars, cigarettes, and oleomargarine.

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR—BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Monthly.
Monthly.
Monthly.
12th of month.
7th of month.
Last day of month.
First week of month.

Iron ore movement
Not published
Sault Ste. Marie Canal traffic
Not published
WISCONSIN INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION.. Wisconsin factory earnings and employment.. Bulletin on Wisconsin labor market *
U. S. WAR DEPARTMENT—ENGINEER
CORPS.

15th of month.

II.—REPORTS FROM TRADE ASSOCIATIONS AND PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS.

(Excluding individualfirmsreporting data to be combined with other firms or trade associations.)
ABERTHAW CONSTRUCTION CO
ABRASIVE PAPER AND CLOTH MANUFACTURERS' EXCHANGE.

Building costs
Sales of abrasive paper and cloth.

Copper production
Zinc production in Belgii
turn
Zinc stocks in United Kii
ingdom.
AMERICAN FACE BRICK ASSOCIATION. Face brick production, stocks, etc.
AMERICAN IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. Steel ingot production
Merchant pig iron production, etc.
AMERICAN PIG IRON ASSOCIATION
AMERICAN RAILWAY ASSOCIATION Freight car surplus
(Car Service Division).
Freight car shortage
AMERICAN BUREAU OF METAL STATISTICS.

Car loadings
Bad-order cars..
AMERICAN TELEPHONE AND TELE- Stockholders in the company..
GRAPH Co.

Purchases and sales of paper
Production and stocks of zinc
ANTHRACITE BUREAU OF INFORMATION Anthracite shipments and stocks
ASSOCIATION OF LIFE INSURANCE New life insurance business
AMERICAN WRITING PAPER COMPANY.

AMERICAN ZINC INSTITUTE

Construction trade papers.
Not published
Not published
Not published
Not published
Not published
i

Press release to trade papers *
Not published
Summary of Car Surplusages and Shortages.*
Summary of Car Surplusages and Shortages.*
Information Bulletin *
Information Bulletin *
Financia 1 papers.
Not published
Press release to trade papers *
Statement of anthracite shipments *.
Not published

| 7th of month.
Weekly.
Weekly
Weekly.
Third week of month.
Quarterly.

15th of month.
15th of month.

PRESIDENTS.

BOSTON CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
BRIDGE BUILDERS AND STRUCTURAL
SOCIETY.
BUREAU OF RAILWAY ECONOMICS . . .

CALIFORNIA REDWOOD ASSOCIATION. .
CALIFORNIA WHITE AND SUGAR PINE
ASSOCIATION.
CHICAGO BOARD OF TRADE.
CONTAINER CLUB
CREDIT CLEARING HOUSE...
F. W. DODGE CO




Receipts of wool at Boston
Fabricated structural steel sales.

Trade papers
Press release to trade papers *-

Number of tons carried 1 mile.
Average receipts per ton-mile..
Passengers carried 1 mile

Summary of operating statistics
Not published
Summary of operating statistics

Redwood lumber production, etc...
Sugar pine lumber production, etc.

Not published
Not published

Receipts and shipments of wheat and corn
Production of paper board

Daily.
15th of month.
Monthly.
; Monthly.

.
_

Trade papers
Not published
Credit conditions
Credit
Building statistics—Contracts awarded
Statement on Building Statistics.
* Multigraphed or mimeographed sheets.

Daily.
Weekly.
Monthly.

171
SOURCES OF DATA—Continued.
DATE OF PUBLICATION.

CURRENT PUBLICATION.

II.—REPORTS FROM TRADE ASSOCIATIONS AND PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS—Continued.
ENAMELED SANITARY MANUFACTURERS
ASSOCIATION.

Enameled sanitary ware

Not published..

FEDERATION

British iron and steel production.,

Trade papers...

GEORGE A. FULLER COMPANY

Hotel and office building costs

Not published

ILLUMINATING GLASSWARE GUILD

Illuminating glassware production, orders, etc. Not published

OF

IRON

AND

STEEL

MANUFACTURERS (British).

KNIT
GOODS
AMERICA.

MANUFACTURERS

OF

Knit underwear production, etc

Second week of month.

Monthly.

Monthly report *.

LEATHER BELTING EXCHANGE

Sales ofleather belting

Monthly report (not published)

MERCHANTS' EXCHANGE OF ST. LOUIS.

Receipts and shipments of lead and zinc

Receipts and shipments at St. Louis

MICHIGAN HARDWOOD MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION.

Hardwood lumber, production and shipments. Not published

MINNEAPOLIS CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.

Linseed oil and oil-cake shipments.

Monthly statements.

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SHEET AND
TIN PLATE MANUFACTURERS.

Sheet-metal production and stocks.

Not published

NATIONAL
ASSOCIATION
MANUFACTURERS .

1913 figures for active textile machinery..

No longer published.

NATIONAL AUTOMOBILE CHAMBER OF
COMMERCE.

Production and shipments of passenger cars
and trucks.

Traffic bulletin * (production figures not
published).

NATIONAL BOTTLE
ASSOCIATION.

Glass bottle production index.

3d of month.

NATIONAL
BOARD.

OF

WOOL

MANUFACTURERS'

INDUSTRIAL

CONFERENCE

Cost of living

Second week of month.

Not published
21st of month.

Monthly press release

NATIONAL RETAIL DRY GOODS ASSOCIATION.

Department store trade (see Federal Reserve
Board).

NATIONAL WOOD CHEMICAL
TION.

Monthly.

Production of wood alcohol and acetate of lime. Not published.

ASSOCIA-

N E W YORK COFFEE AND SUGAR
CHANGE.

EX-

Coffee receipts, stocks, etc

Federal Reserve Bulletin

Monthly statement..

First week of month.
First week of month.

N E W YORK METAL EXCHANGE

Stocks of tin

Trade papers

N E W ORLEANS BOARD OF TRADE

Rice distribution through New Orleans

Monthly report.

NORTH CAROLINA P I N E ASSOCIATION..

North Carolina pine, production, etc

Not published...

NORTHERN HEMLOCK AND HARDWOOD
MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION.

Hemlock and hardwood lumber production, etc Not published..

OAK
FLOORING
ASSOCIATION.

Oak flooring, production, etc.,

Not. published.

OHIO FOUNDRYMEN'S ASSOCIATION. . .

Ohio foundry iron production

Monthly report * (not published).

OPTICAL
TION.

Spectacle frames and mountings, sales, etc

Not published

MANUFACTURERS'

MANUFACTURERS'

ASSOCIA-

Stockholders in the company

RAILROAD CO

REFRACTORIES MANUFACTURERS'
SOCIATION.

AS-

Not published

Fire-clay brick production, etc

Quarterly.

Financial papers

Pullman passenger traffic

N ot pu blished

Silica brick production, etc

PENNSYLVANIA

PULLMAN COMPANY

Not published

RICE MILLERS' ASSOCIATION

Rice receipts, stocks, etc

Monthly report

RUBBER ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA

Automobile tires, tubes, and raw material

Monthly reports (not published).

SANITARY POTTERS' ASSOCIATION

Sanitary pottery orders

Not published

SAVINGS BANKS ASSOCIATION OF STATE
OF N E W YORK.

Savings banks deposits in New York State

Not published

SILK ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA

Raw silk consumption, etc

Monthly press release to trade papers *

SOUTHERN P I N E ASSOCIATION

Yellow pine production and stocks.

Not published

!

STEEL
BARREL
ASSOCIATION.

Steel barrel shipments

Monthly reports * (not published)

j

TANNERS' COUNCIL

Leather production

Not published.

U. S. STEEL CORPORATION

Unfilled orders
Earnings
Stockholders
Wages of common labor

Pressrelease*....
Pressrelease*
Financial papers.
Special reports*..

UNITED TYPOTHETAE OF AMERICA. . . .

Printing activity

MANUFACTURERS'

Typothetae Bulletin.,

W E S T COAST LUMBERMEN'S ASSOCIATION.

Douglas fir lumber production, etc

WEBBING
CHANGE.

Sales of elastic webbing

MANUFACTURERS'

WESTERN
PINE
ASSOCIATION.

EX-

MANUFACTURERS'




Not published
Not published..

Western pine lumber production, etc..

Not published.

* Multigraphed or mimeographed sheets.

5th of month.

I

10th of month.
Monthly.
Quarterly.
Occasionally.
Monthly.

172
SOURCES OF DATA—Continued.
DATE OF PUBLICATION.

III.—REPORTS FROM TECHNICAL PERIODICALS.

THE ANNALIST

,

THE BOND BUYER

,

BRADSTREET'S

,

BULLETIN DE LA STATISTIQUE GENERALE
CHEMICAL AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING..
COMMERCIAL AND FINANCIAL CHRONICLE

Dow,

JONES & Co.

,

(WALL STREET JOURNAL)

DUN'S REVIEW
ENGINEERING AND MINING JOURNAL-PRESS
ENGINEERING NEWS RECORD
FINANCIAL POST
FRANKFURTER ZEITUNG
IRON AGE
IRON TRADE REVIEW
LONDON ECONOMIST
MODERN MILLER
NEW YORK JOURNAL OF COMMERCE

NEW YORK EVENING POST
NORTHWESTERN MILLER

OIL, PAINT, AND DRUG REPORTER
OIL TRADE JOURNAL
PRINTERS' INK
RUSSELL'S COMMERCIAL NEWS
STATISTICAL SUGAR TRADE JOURNAL




Composite pig iron and steel prices
,
New York stock sales
,
New York closing stock prices
State and municipal bond issues
Muncipal bond yields
Visible supply of wheat and corn
Bank clearings, United States and Canada.
Price index
Business failures, Canada

First or second week of month (daily).
First weekly issue of month (Mondays).
Weekly (Mondays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).

Price index for France..

AMERICAN METAL MARKET

Monthly.
Weekly (Wednesdays).

Chemical price index...
Cotton (visible supply)
Interest rates
Mail order and chain store sales...
New York bond sales...
| New York bond prices.
Business failures.
Price index
' Rand gold production
Silver prices
Construction cost and volume index..
Canadian bond issues
Price index for Germany
Pig-iron production
Compositefinishedsteel price.
Iron and steel prices
Price index for United Kingdom
Argentine visible supply of wheat and corn.
Dividend and interest payments
New capital issues
N ew corp orations
Fire losses
Newspaper advertising
Flaxseed, receipts, etc
Argentine grain shipments
Wheatflourproduction for 1917
Price indices of drugs, oils, etc
,
Argentine shipments and supply of flaxseed.
| Mexican petroleum shipments
| Magazine advertising
Wheatflourproduction, from July, 1920
j Sugar stocks, receipts, and meltings.
* Multigraphed or mimeographed sheets.

Weekly (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Second weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).

Weekly (Saturdays).
Weekly (Saturdays).
Second or third weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
First week of month (daily).
First week of month (daily).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Second weekly issue of month.
Second weekly issue of month.
First weekly issue of month
Weekly (Thursdays).
Monthly.
First weekly issue of month (Wednesdays).
Weekly (Wednesdays).
Weekly (Thursdays).
10th of month.
Weekly.
First week of month (daily).
i
First week of month (' " *
i (daily),
First week of month (
l (daily).
10th of month (daily).
Not published.
Weekly.
Weekly.
Weekly (Mondays).
Weekly (Mondays).
10th of month (monthly).
Second week of month.
Weekly compilation (daily).
Weekly (Fridays).

INDEX.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (pp. 40 to 168) only. Items in the table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 23 to 39)
and in the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without the necessity of an index. Note that only the
page containing index number tables is given here. Where the numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will
always be found on the page opposite the index numbers.
Page.

Page.

Abrasives, paper and cloth
Acetate of lime, production
Advertising, magazine and newspaper..
American Telephone and Telegraph Co.,
stockholders
American Wholesale Corporation, sales.
Apples:
Production (crop estimate)
Stocks and shipments
Argentina:
Foreign exchange rate
Foreign trade
Flaxseed, shipments and stocks
Grain, shipments and stocks
Australia:
Employment
Exports of key commodities
Foreign trade
Price index
Automobiles:
Production and shipments
Tires and tubes
Bad-order cars
Banks:
Clearings, condition, and debits
Clearings, Canada
Barley:
Exports
Production (crop estimate)
Wholesale price
Beef:
Consumption, cold-storage holdings,
exports, production, and prices..
Exports from Denmark.
Belgium:
Coal production
Employment
Exports of key c o m m o d i t i e s . . . . . .
Foreign exchange rate
Foreign trade
Belting, leather, sales
Bonds:
Issues, municipal
Sales
Yields and prices
Boots and shoes, exports and prices
Bottles, glass, production
Brazil:
Coffee receipts and clearances
Foreign exchange rates
Foreign trade
Brick, production, stocks, shipments,
prices




82
85
114
127
110
98
99
134
152
168
]68
164
156
156
120
65
64
106
122
166
88
98
90
94
146
160
164
146
134
146
66
124
128
124
68
62
102
134
152
78

British India:
Exports of key commodities
154
Foreign exchange rate
134
Foreign trade
154
Price index
120
Building:
Contracts awarded
70, 72
Costs
83
Volume, index
83
Bulbs, flower, exports from Netherlands 148
Burlap, imports
42
Business failures
128
Business indicators
3
Butter:
Cold-storage holdings
96
Exports from Australia
156
Exports from Denmark
146
Exports from Netherlands
148
Exports from New Zealand
156
Production, receipts and prices
96
Canada:
Bank clearings
166
Bond issues.
166
Business failures
166
Coal production
160
Employment
164,166
Exports of key commodities
152
Foreign exchange rate
134
Foreign trade
152
Price index
120
Canals, traffic through
104
Capital issues, new
124,128
Cars, loadings, shortage, and surplus... 106
Cattle:
Receipts, shipments, and slaughter. 92
Wholesale price
90
Cement:
Exports from Belgium
146
Portland, production, shipment,
stocks, and prices
82
Cereals:
Exports
88
Production
98
Chain stores, sales
110,114
Cheese:
Cold-storage holdings
96
Exports from Canada
152
Exports from Netherlands
148
Exports from New Zealand
156
Production, receipts and prices
96
Chemicals:
Consumption of wood
85
Exports, imports, and prices
84
(173)

Page.

Chemicals—Continued.
Exports from France
142
Production and prices
85
Stocks of wood
85
Chile, foreign exchange
134
Cigars and cigarettes, production
103
Citrus fruit, car-lot shipments
99
Clothing:
Cost of, index n u m b e r s . . . 116,117,118
Exports from France
142
Coal:
Exports from Belgium
146
Exports from Germany
144
Exports from United Kingdom
140
Exports from United States
54
Foreign production
160
Loadings
106
Prices
56
Production, shipments, and stocks.. 54
Cod, exports from Norway
150
Coffee, imports, stocks, and Brazilian
movement
102
Coke:
Exports
54
Prices
56
Production
54
Cold-storage holdings:
Apples
99
Dairy products
96
Eggs
96
Fish
99
Meats
94
Condensed and evaporated milk
96
Condition, banks
122
Construction:
Contracts awarded, b u i l d i n g . . . . 70, 72
Costs
83
Volume, index
83
Copper:
Exports
52
Prices
52
Production
52
Corn:
Exports from South Africa
158
Exports from United States
88
Exports and visible supply, Argentina
168
Production (crop estimate)
98
Receipts, shipments, and visible
supply
89
Wholesale price
90
Corporations, new
128
Corporation stockholders
127

174
IN D E X—Continued.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (pp. 40 to 168) only. Items in the table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 23 to 39)
and in the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without the necessity of an index. Note that only the
page containing index number tables is given here. Where the numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will
always be found on the page opposite the index numbers.
Page. ]

Costofliving
116,117
Costs, building construction
83
Cotton:
Consumption
40
Exports
40
Exports from British India
154
Exports from Japan
154
Exports from Italy
150
Imports
40
Prices, producers' and wholesale... 46
Production (estimated crop)
40
Spindles, active
44,45
Stocks
40
Visible supply
40
Cotton fabrics:
Consumption by tire manufacturers. 64
Exports (cloth)
40
Embroideries, exports from Switzerland
144
Exports from France
142
Exports from United Kingdom
140
Price, wholesale, print cloth and
sheetings
46
Cottonseed stocks
86
Cottonseed oil:
Production and stocks
87
Wholesale price
90
Cotton yarn:
Exports from Japan
154
Exports from Italy
150
Price, wholesale
46
Credit conditions:
Indebtedness and orders, wholesale
trade
132
Payments, wholesale trade
131
Crops:
Cotton.
40
Food crops, production
98
Prices, index numbers
118
Prices, producers' and wholesale... 90
Tobacco
103
Customs, receipts
130
Czechoslovakia:
Coal production
160
Lignite production
160
Dairy products:
Exports from Denmark
146
Exports from Netherlands
148
Exports, receipts, and cold-storage
holdings
96
Debits to individual accounts
122
Debt, U. S. Government
130
Denmark:
Employment
164
Exports of key commodities
146
Foreign trade
146
Department stores:
Sales
110,112
Stocks
113
Dividend and interest payments
128
Dress goods, wholesale price
46




Page.

Drugs and Pharmaceuticals, wholesale
price index
85
Dyes and dyestuffs:
Exports from Germany
144
Exports from Switzerland
144
Exports from United States
84
Earnings:
Labor, Wisconsin factories
115
Railroads
108
Telephone and telegraph companies
128
Eggs:
Cold-storage holdings
96
Exports from Denmark
146
Receipts
96
Egypt, exports of cotton
158
Elastic webbing, sales
40
Electric power, production
54
Employment:
Canada
166
Factories
115
Farms
116
Foreign countries
164
Emigration
115
England. (See United Kingdom.)
Expenditures, U. S. Government
130
Exports. (See "Foreign trade" and
individual commodities.)
Factories, employment in
115
Farm labor, wages
116
Farm prices, index
118
Federal Reserve Banks, condition of... 122
Federal Reserve Board, price index
119
Fertilizer, exports
84
Fiber, imports
42
Fire losses
72
Fish; catch and cold-storage holdings... 99
Flaxseed, exports and stocks, Argentina
168
Receipts, shipments, and stocks... 86
Flooring, oak, production, shipments,
etc
76
Flour, wheat:
Production, consumption, and
stocks
89
Wholesale price
90
Flower bulbs, exports from Netherlands 148
Food, cost of, index numbers.. 116,117,118
Foreign exchange rates and index numbers
134
Foreign trade:
Argentina
152
Australia
156
Belgium
146
Brazil
152
British India
154
Canada
152
Denmark
146
Egypt
158
France
142
Germany
144

Page.

Foreign trade—Continued.
Italy
150
Japan
154
Netherlands
148
New Zealand
156
Norway
150
South Africa
158
Spain
149
Sweden
146
Switzerland
144
United Kingdom
140
United States, exports
138
United States, imports
136
Uruguay
152
Vessels in, United States ports
104
Forest products, car loadings
106
France:
Coal production
160
Exports of key commodities
142
Foreign exchange
134
Foreign trade
142
Price index
120
Freight cars, bad order, loadings, shortage, and surplus
106
Fruits, car-lot shipments
99
Fuel, cost of, index numbers.. 116,117,118
Gas and fuel oil, production and stocks. 57
Gasoline, consumption, exports, production and stocks
58
Germany:
Coal production
160
Employment
164
Exports of key commodities
144
Foreign exchange rates
134
Foreign trade
,
144
Lignite production.
160
Price index
120
Glass:
Bottles, production
62
Exports from Belgium
146
Illuminating, production, etc
62
Gold:
Domestic receipts at mint
126
Exports from Australia
156
Exports from South Africa
158
Exports and imports, United States. 126
Rand output
126
Government finances:
Debt, receipts, and disbursements.. 130
Postal receipts
114
Grains:
Exports
88
Exports and visible supply, Argentina
168
Loadings
106
Production
98
Receipts, shipments, and visible
supply
89
Grocery chain stores, sales
110
Hay, production
98
Herring, exports from Norway
150

175
IN D E X—Continued.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (pp. 40 to 168) only. Items in the table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 23 to 39)
and in the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without the necessity of an index. Note that only the
page containing index number tables is given here. Where the numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will
always be found on the page opposite the index numbers.
Page.

Hides and skins:
Exports from South Africa
158
Imports
68
Prices
68
Stocks
66
Hogs:
Receipts, shipments, and slaughter. 92
Wholesale price
90
Holland. (See Netherlands.)
Housing, cost of, index numbers... 116,117
Ice cream, production
96
I Ruminating glassware, production,
orders, and shipments
62
Immigration
115
Imports. (See "Foreign trade" and individual commodities.)
Incorporations, new
128
Indebtedness, wholesale trade
132
India. (See British India.)
Indicators, business
3
Interest rates
124
Iron, foundry, Ohio
50
Iron and steel (see also "Pig iron"
and "Steel"):
Exports
48
Exports from Belgium
146
Exports from France
142
Exports from Germany
144
Exports from United Kingdom
140
Finished products, production, etc. 50
Imports
48
Prices
48
Unfilled orders and earnings, U. S.
SteelCorp
48
Iron ore:
Exports from Spain
149
Exports from Sweden
146
Movement, Sault Ste. Marie Canals. 48
Issues, new capital:
Corporations
128
Municipalities
124
Italy:
Exports of key commodities
150
Foreign exchange
134
Foreign trade
150
Price index
120
Japan:
Coal production
160
Exports of key commodities
154
Foreign exchange rates
134
Foreign trade
154
Price index
120
Jute, exports from British India
154
Kerosene, oil, production and stocks... 57
Knit underwear, production, etc
42
Kresge, S. S. Co., sales
110
Kress, S. H. & Co., sales
110
Lemons, exports from Italy
150
Labor:
Employment and earnings
115
Wages (farm)
116
Lamb and mutton:
Cold-storage holdings
94
Exports from New Zealand
156




Page.

Lead,receipts,shipments, and prices... 52
Leather:
Belting, sales of
66
Exports and prices
68
Production and stocks
66
Life insurance, new business
121
Light, cost of, index numbers. 116,117,118
Lignite, foreign production
160
Lingerie and wearing apparel, exports
from France
142
Linseed oil cake, shipments
87
Linseed oil, shipments
87
Live stock:
Prices, farm, index
118
Prices, wholesale
90
Receipts, shipments, and slaughter. 92
Living, cost of
116,117
Locomotives, shipments
50
Lubricating oil, production and stocks. 57
Lumber:
Exports from Norway
150
Exports from Sweden
146
Exports from United States
76
Production, stocks, orders, etc... 74, 76
Machinery, exports from Germany
144
McCrory Stores Corporation, sales..
110
Magazines, advertising
114
Mail-order houses, retail sales
110,114
Maize, exports from South Africa
158
Meat and meat products:
Exports from Denmark
146
Exports from New Zealand
156
Exports from South Africa
158
Production, holdings, consumption,
and exports
94
Metal production, foreign
162
Mexico, petroleum shipments
58
Milk, condensed and evaporated
96
Money in circulation
130
Mutton:
Exports from New Zealand
156
Production and cold-storage holdings
94
Municipal bonds, issues and yields
124
Netherlands:
Coal production
160
Employment
164
Exports of key commodities
148
Foreign exchange rates
134
Foreign trade
148
Newspaper advertising
114
New York State:
Canal traffic
104
Employment
115
Savings banks deposits
122
New Zealand:
Foreign trade
156
Exports of key commodities
156
Nitrate of soda, imports
84
Norway:
Employment
164
Exports of key commodities
150
Foreign trade
150

Page.

Oats:
Exports
88
Exports and visible supply, Argentina
168
Production (crop estimate)
98
Wholesale price
90
Ohio, foundry iron, production
50
Oils, essential, wholesale price index... 85
Oleomargarine, exports from Netherlands
148
Olive oil, exports from Spain
149
Onions, car-lot shipments
99
Optical goods, sales and unfilled orders. 62
Oranges, exports from Spain
149
Ore, car loadings (see also " Iron ore " ) . . 106
Owl Drug Co., sales
110
Panama Canal Traffic
104
Paper:
Exports from Canada
152
Exports from Norway
150
Exports, • production, shipments,
sales, stocks, and prices
60
Paper board, production
83
Payments, wholesale trade
131
Payroll, New York and Wisconsin factories
115
Penney, J. C. Co., sales
110
Pennsylvania Railroad Co. stockholders 127
Perfumes and soaps, exports from France 142
Petroleum, crude, production, consumption, etc
•.
58
Pig iron:
Exports from Sweden
146
Prices, wholesale
48
Production
48
Production, foreign countries
162
Stocks, orders, production, merchant iron
50
Poland, coal production
160
Pork, exports from Denmark
146
Postal receipts
114
Potash, imports
84
Potatoes:
Car-lot shipments
99
Production (crop estimate)
98
Pottery, sanitary, orders received
80
Power, electric, production
54
Price index (see also individual commodities):
Bonds
124
Bradstreet's (wholesale)
120
Building and construction costs
83
Department of Labor (wholesale).. 118
Drugs and chemicals
85
Dun's (wholesale)
120
Foreign
120
Farm products
118
Federal Reserve Board (wholesale). 119
Food, retail
118
Stocks
124
Prices:
Brick
78
Cement
82
Coal and coke
56

176

INDEX—Continued.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (pp. 40 to 168) only. Items in the table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 23 to 39)
and in the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without the necessity of an index. Note that only the
page containing index number tables is given here. Where the numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will
always be found on the page opposite the index numbers.
Prices—Continued.
Page. Sources of data:
page.
Government
169
Drugs and chemicals
85
Technical periodicals
171
Farm products
90
Trade associations
170
Flour
90
Hides and leather products
68 South Africa:
Coal production
160
Iron and steel
48,83
Exports of key commodities
158
Lumber
74
Foreign trade
158
Meats
94
Nonferrous metals
52 Spain :
Exports of key commodities
149
Petroleum
58
Foreign trade
149
Rubber
65
Silver
126 Spectacle frames and mountings, sales
and unfilled orders
62
Sugar
101
Steel:
Textiles
46
Barrels and drums
50
Wholesale comparisons
5
Prices, wholesale
48, 83
Printing, activity and sales
60
Production, foreign countries
162
Production. (See individual commodProduction, ingots
48
ities.)
Structural, sales
50
Public
finance
130
Stockholders, corporations.
127
Railroads:
Stocks, sales and prices
124,128
Financial operation and traffic.... 108
Freight car movement...,
106 Sugar, exports, imports, meltings, receipts, prices, and stocks
101
Stocks and bonds, prices
124
46
Receipts, United States Government... 130 Suitings, wool, wholesale price
84
Retail trade
110,112,113,114 Sulphuric acid, exports
Sweden:
Rice:
Employment
164
Exports, imports, receipts, shipExports of key commodities
146
ments, and stocks
100
Foreign exchange rates
134
Production (crop estimate)
98
Foreign trade
146
Rubber:
Switzerland:
Consumption by tire manufacturers
64
Foreign exchange rates
134
Imports and prices
65
Foreign trade
144
Rye:
Tea, imports into United States
102
Exports
88 Telegraph and telephone, revenues and
Production, crop estimate
98
earnings
128
Wholesale price
90 Ten-cent stores, sales
110
St. Louis, lead and zinc movement
52 Textiles:
Sales, retail
110,112,114
Active machinery
44, 45
Salmon, canned, exports from Canada.. 152
Consumption of cotton and wool... 40
Saltpeter, exports from Norway
150
Knit underwear
42
Sanitary ware, orders and shipments... 80
Silk consumption
42
Sault Ste. Marie canals, total traffic
105
Wholesale prices
46
Savings deposits
122 Tin, imports, prices, and stocks
52
Sears, Roebuck & Co., sales
110 Tires, production, stocks, and shipSheep:
ments
64
Receipts, shipments, and slaughter. 92 Tobacco:
Wholesale price
90
Exports, production, and stocks... 103
Shelter, prices of, index number... 116,117
Wholesale price
90
Shipping
104 Trade, foreign. (See "Foreign trade.")
Silk:
Underwear, knit
40
Consumption, imports, and stocks.. 42 Unemployment, Pennsylvania
115
Exports from Italy
150 Union of South Africa. (See South
Exports from Japan
154
Africa.)
Wholesale price
46 United Cigar Stores Co., sales
110
Silk fabrics:
United Kingdom:
Exports from France
142
Coal production
160
Exports from Italy
150
Employment
164
Exports from Switzerland
144
Foreign exchange rate
134
Silver, exports, imports, receipts, and
Foreign trade
140
prices
126
Iron and steel production
162
Soap and perfumes, exports from
Price index
120
France
142
Zinc stocks
162




United States Government:
Debt, receipts, and expenditures... 130
Postal receipts
114
United States Steel Corporation:
Earnings
48
Stockholders
127
Unfilled orders
48
Uruguay, foreign trade
152
Vegetables, car-lot shipments
99
Vegetable oils, exports, imports, e t c . . . 87
Vessels, construction, cleared, and entered
104
Ward, Montgomery & Co., sales
110
Watches, exports from Switzerland
144
Wearing apparel, exports from France.. 142
Webbing, elastic, sales
40
Wheat:
Exports from Australia
156
Exports from Canada
152
Exports from United States
88
Exports and visible supply, Argentina
168
Production (crop estimate)
98
Receipts, shipments, and visible
supply
89
Wholesale price
90
Wheat flour:
Production,
consumption, and
stocks
89
Wholesale price
90
Wholesale prices, comparisons
5
Wine:
Exports from Italy
150
Exports from Spain
149
Wisconsin, employment
115
Wood alcohol, production
85
Wood, carbonized, stocks
85
Wood pulp:
Exports from Norway
150
Exports from Sweden
146
Production, consumption, imports,
and stocks
62
Wool:
Consumption
40
Exports from Australia
156
Exports from New Zealand
156
Exports from South Africa
158
Imports
40
Looms, active
44,45
Price, wholesale
46
Receipts at Boston
42
Spindles (active)
44,45
Stocks
40
Woolens, exports, United Kingdom
140
Woolworth, F. W., Co., sales
110
Worsted yarns, wholesale price
46
Zinc:
Foreign production
162
Price
52
Production in Belgium
162
Production, receipts, shipments, and
stocks
52
Stocks in United Kingdom
162


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102