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JANUARY 2 0 0 0 < ^

VOLUME 86 NUMBER

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JANUARY 2 0 0 0

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The SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS (ISSN

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January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

TABLE




OF

CONTENTS

special in this issue
6

GDP: One of the Great Inventions of the 20th Century
At a press conference on December 7, 1999, the Department of Commerce
announced that it had selected "the development of the national income and
product accounts as its achievement of the century!' The speakers at the conference and other government policy officials and leading academic economists
took the opportunity to affirm the importance of the national accounts to economic analysis and policy making. The accounts were born out of a pressing
need for economic information during the Great Depression and World War
11, and they have been continually updated and improved so that they provide
an accurate, timely, and relevant picture of U.S. economic activity.

15 Zvi Griliches and His Contributions to Economic Measurement
37 Annual Input-Output Accounts of the U.S. Economy, 1996
The 1996 input-output (1-0) accounts present a detailed picture of how industries interact to provide input to, and take output from, each other. The
estimates update the 1992 benchmark 1-0 accounts and are consistent definitionally and statistically with the recently revised NIPA estimates. The
publication of the annual 1996 1-0 accounts marks the return of the annual
1-0 program as part ofBEA's industry accounts.

l\egular features
1

Business Situation
Real GDP increased 5.7 percent in the third quarter of 1999, according to the
NIPA "final" estimate; the "preliminary" estimate issued last month had shown
a 5.5-percent increase. The price index for gross domestic purchases increased
1.7 percent, the same as the "preliminary" estimate. The "revised" estimate
of corporate profits showed an increase of $3.7 billion (or 0.4 percent at a
quarterly rate) in the third quarter; the "preliminary" estimate had shown an
increase of $8.2 billion (or 0.9 percent).
Continued on next page —

ii




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
90

U.S. International Transactions, Third Quarter 1999
The U.S. current-account deficit increased $9.0 billion, to $89.9 billion, in
the third quarter of 1999. Most of the increase was accounted for by an
increase in the deficit on goods, as imports increased twice as much as exports
increased. In the financial account, net recorded inflows decreased $13.9 billion,
to $103.7 billion. Inflows for foreign-owned assets in the United States and
outflows for U.S.-owned assets abroad both slowed sharply, but the slowdown
in inflows, which reflected a sharp dropoff in foreign acquisitions of U.S.
companies, exceeded that in outflows.

l\eports and statistical presentations
18

Real Inventories, Sales, and Inventory-Sales Ratios
for Manufacturing and Trade, 1977:1-1999:111

35

Errata: National Income and Product Accounts

87

An Ownership-Based Disaggregation of the U.S. Current Account,
1982-97

D-l

BEA Current and Historical Data

Inside back cover: Getting BEA'S Estimates
Back cover: Schedule of Upcoming BEA News Releases

LOOKING A H E A D
Comparison of BEA Personal Income and IRS Adjusted Gross Income. An article that
presents the revised estimates for 1959-97 of the reconciliation of these two widely
used measures of household income will be published in a forthcoming issue of the
SURVEY. The reconciliation will reflect the recent comprehensive revision of the NIPA'S,
including the redefinition of government employee retirement plans.
Rates of Return of Foreign-Owned U.S. Companies. An article that presents new
industry-level estimates of the rates of return of foreign-owned U.S. companies using
current-cost measures of profits and assets will be published in a forthcoming issue of
the SURVEY. The article will examine various factors that may underlie the relatively
low rates of return for foreign-owned companies.
Industrial Composition of State Earnings. An article that analyzes the industrial
composition of earnings by State for 1958 and 1998 will be published in a forthcoming
issue of the SURVEY. The article will show that State industrial compositions have
become more similar over time and will discuss some of the reasons for this trend.

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

BUSINESS
Ralph W. Morris
prepared the first
section of this
article, and Daniel
Larkins prepared
the section on
corporate profits.

SITUATION

EAL

GROSS domestic product (GDP) increased 5.7 percent in the third quarter of
1999, according to the "final" estimates of the
national income and product accounts (NIPA'S),
after increasing 1.9 percent in the second quarter (table 1 and chart 1).1 The general picture of
the economy that is indicated by the final estimates is little changed from that shown by the
preliminary estimates.

1. Quarterly estimates in the NIPA'S are expressed at seasonally adjusted
annual rates. Quarter-to-quarter dollar changes are the differences between
the published estimates. Quarter-to-quarter percent changes are annualized
and are calculated from unrounded data unless otherwise specified.
Real estimates are calculated using a chain-type Fisher formula with annual weights for all years and for all quarters except those for the most recent
year, which are calculated using quarterly weights; real estimates are expressed
both as index numbers (1996=100) and as chained (1996) dollars. Price
indexes (1996=100) are also calculated using a chain-type Fisher formula.

Selected Product Measures:
Change from Preceding Quarter
Percent
10

'

REAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT

il.llllll.lll.l
10

REAL GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT
On a Command-Basis

I

LliiiiliilU
1996

1997

1998

Table 1.—Real Gross Domestic Product, Real Gross Domestic Purchases, and Real
Final Sales to Domestic Purchasers
[Seasonally adjusted at annual rates]

1999

Note-Percent change at annuaf rate from preceding quarter;
based on seasonally adjusted estimates.
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau 0! Economic Analysis

Billions of chained (1996) dollars
Level
1999

Change from preceding
quarter

Percent change from
preceding quarter
1998

1999

Table 2.—Contributions to Percent Change in Real Gross
Domestic Product

1999

1998

[Seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
Gross domestic product

8,900.6 123.2

Less: Exports of goods and services
Plus: Imports of goods and services

1,054.8
1,393.0

Equals: Gross domestic purchases

9,216.9 117.3 125.9

Less: Change in private inventories
Nonfarm
Farm
Equals: Final sales to domestic purchasers
Personal consumption expenditures
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Services
Gross private domestic fixed investment
Nonresidential fixed investment
Structures
Equipment and software
Residential investment
Government consumption expenditures and
cross investment
Federal
National defense
Nondefense
State and local
Addendum: Final sales of domestic product

78.7

37.8 -14.4
32.1 37.8

40.7 122.0

5.9

3.7

1.9

5.7

28.4
47.6

16.1
10.8

-5.5
12.5

4.0
14.4

11.5
14.9

70.8 138.7

5.5

5.8

3.2

6.3

10.0
44.5

38.0 -5.4 -20.6 -36.1
41.2 -19.3 -15.1 -30.0
-3.8 14.9 -5.4 -3.5

24.0
28.1
-4.7

9,172.2 123.0 144.2 103.0 114.4

5.8

6.7

4.7

5.2
4.9
7.7
3.6
5.0
6.8
10.9
-3.8
15.7
-3.8

6,033.3
821.2
1,779.3
3,440.6
1,607.3
1,234.3
246.1
996.6
375.1

65.1 92.6
34.8 22.8
20.6 36.9
12.4 34.5
48.5 33.4
40.5 21.9
3.6 -3.8
37.9 27.2
8.4 11.1

73.4 71.5
17.3 15.1
14.2 15.6
42.7 41.4
25.1 26.3
20.2 31.4
-3.4 -2.4
25.2 35.7
5.1 -3.7

4.6
20.4
5.0
1.5
13.8
15.3
5.8
18.6
9.8

6.5
5.1
12.4
9.1
8.9
3.3
4.2
5.2
9.1
6.6
7.8
7.0
-5.8 -5.3
12.5 11.2
12.9
5.5

1,536.5
539.7
348.3
191.3
996.6

10.6 18.7
5.0 -.6
-2.6 ^ . 5
2.8
7.5
5.5 19.3

4.9
2.8
-2.2
5.0
2.2

11.5

2.9
3.9
-5.9
17.8
2.3

5.1
-.5
-4.0
6.1
8.2

97.9

6.2

4.6

8,855.8 128.7

96.9

72.7

17.0
5.5
9.1

-4.6

1.3
4.5
4.1
2.1
-2.6 11.2
10.9 -7.1
4.8
3.4

4.5

NOTE.-Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996 current-dollar
value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity indexes uses weights of more
than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates usually are not additive. Chained (1996) dollar levels and residuals,
which measure the extent of nonadditivity in each table, are in NIPA tables 1.2, 1.4, and 1.6. Percent changes are calculated from
unrounded data. Percent changes in major aggregates are in NIPA table S.1. (See "Selected NIPA Tables," which begins on page
0-2 of this issue.)




1998

Percent change at annual rate:
Gross domestic product
Percentage points at annual rates:
Personal consumption expenditures
Durable goods
Nondurable goi
Services
Gross private domestic investment
Fixed investment
Nonresidential
Structures
Equipment and software
Residential
Change in private inventories
Net exports of goods and services
Exports
Goods
Services
Imports
Goods
Services
Government consumption expenditures and
gross investment
Federal
National defense
Nondefense
State and local

5.9

3.7

1.9

5.7

3.13
1.51
.98
.64
1.94
2.20
1.79
.18
1.61
.41
-.26
.33
1.65
1.38
.27
•1.32
•1.29
-.03

4.27
.96
1.68
1.63
.67
1.48
.94
-.18
1.12
.53
-.80
-2.13
-.61
-.74
.13
-1.52
-1.28
-.24

3.36
.71
.64
2.01
-.36
1.10
.86
-.16
1.02
.24
-1.46
-1.35
.42
.32
.10
-1.77
-1.59
-.19

3.33
.62
.73
1.97
2.25
1.16
1.33
-.11
1.44
-.17
1.09
-.72
1.19
1.19
0
-1.91
-1.83
-.08

.51
.24
-.12
.36
.28

.87
-.03
-.16
.13
.90

.23
.13
-.10
.23
.10

.81
.26
.42
-.16
.55

NOTE.—More detailed contributions to percent change in real gross domestic product are
shown in NIPA table 8.2. Contributions to percent change in major components of real gross
domestic product are shown in tables 8.3 through 8.6.

2 • January 2ooo

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
The largest contributors to the third-quarter
increase in real GDP were consumer spending
for services, private investment in equipment
and software, private inventory investment, and
exports of goods and services (table 2). The
increase in GDP was moderated by an increase
in imports of goods and services, which are
subtracted in the calculation of GDP.
The acceleration in real GDP reflected an upturn in private nonfarm inventory investment
and accelerations in exports of goods, in gov-

Table 3.—Revisions to Change in Real Gross Domestic Product and Prices, Third
Quarter 1999
[Seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
Percent change from
preceding quarter

Final estimate minus
preliminary estimate
Contribution
to

Preliminary
estimate

Final
estimate

Percentage
points

Billions
of

chained
(1996)
dollars

percent
change
in real
GDP
Percent-

points
5.5

5.7

0.2

2.9

Less: Exports of goods and services
Goods
Services

11.7
15.8
2.7

11.5
16.9
0

-.2
1.1
-2.7

-.4
1.7
-1.9

-.02
.07
-.09

Plus: Imports of goods and services.
Goods
Services

14.6
17.2
1.7

14.9
17.3
3.6

.3
.1
1.9

1.1
.1
1.0

-.05
0
-.04

Equals: Gross domestic purchases

6.1

6.3

Gross domestic product

4.3
4.1
-.1
4.1

Less: Change in private inventories ....
Farm
Nonfarm
Equals: Final sales to domestic purchasers .
Personal consumption expenditures
Durable goods
Nondurable goo
Services
Fixed investment
Nonresidential
Structures
Equipment and software ...
Residential
Government consumption expenditures and gross
investment
Federal
National defense
Nondefense

State and local

.17
-.01
.17

5.1

5.2

4.6
7.7
3.5
4.5

4.9
7.7
3.6
5.0

.1
.5

4.5
0
.5
3.9

8.3
13.3
-1.5
18.2

6.8
10.9
-3.8
15.7
-3.8

-1.5
-2.4
-2.3
-2.5
1.0

-5.4
-6.7
-1.4
-5.3
1.0

-.24
-.28
-.07
-.21
.05

4.2
3.9
11.4
-8.1
4.4

4.5
4.1
11.2
-7.1
4.8

.3
.2
-.2
1.0
.4

1.1
.4
-.2
.5
.8

.05
.02
-.01
.03
.04

4.6
5.4
1.7
1.1

4.5
5.6
1.7
1.1

-.1
.2
0
0

-.8
4.9

.20
0
.02
.17

Addenda:
Final sales of domestic product
Gross national product
Gross domestic purchases price index .
GDP price index

NOTE—The final estimates for the third quarter of 1999 incorporate the following revised or additional major source data that
were not available when the preliminary estimates were prepared.
Personal consumption expenditures: Revised retail sales for September, stock exchange transactions for August and September,
and electricity usage for August.
Private nonresidential fixed investment: Revised construction put in place for August and September and revised manufacturers'
shipments of machinery and equipment for September.
Private residential nxed investment: Revised construction put in place for August and September, revised housing starts for September, and revised sales of new homes for July through September.
Change in private inventories: Revised manufacturing and trade inventories for September.
Exports arid imports of goods and services: Revised data on exports and imports of goods for September and revised balanceof-payments data on exports and imports of services for the quarter.
Government consumption expenditures and gross investment: Revised State and local construction put in place for August and
September.
Warns and salaries: Revised employment, average hourly earnings, and average weekly hours for September.
GDP prices: Revised export and import prices for July through September, revised values and quantities of petroleum imports
for September, and revised prices of single-family homes under construction for the quarter.




ernment spending, and in private investment in
equipment and software. These changes were
partly offset by a downturn in private residential
investment.
Real inventory investment—that is, the change
in private inventories—increased $24.0 billion
in the third quarter, as inventory accumulation
stepped up to $38.0 billion from $14.0 billion; inventory investment had decreased $36.1 billion in
the second quarter. In the third quarter, the ratio
of real nonfarm inventories to real final sales of
domestic businesses decreased to 2.09 from 2.10;
the ratio has declined slightly in each of the past
four quarters.
The "final" estimate of the change in real GDP
is 0.2 percentage point more than the 5.5-percent
increase indicated by the "preliminary" estimate
reported in the December "Business Situation"
(table 3). For 1978-98, the average revision
(without regard to sign) from the preliminary estimate to the final estimate was 0.3 percentage
point. The upward revision to real GDP primarily reflected upward revisions to private nonfarm
inventory investment and to consumer spending for services; these revisions were partly offset
by a downward revision to private nonresidential fixed investment. In inventory investment,
the upward revision largely reflected the incorporation of revised Census Bureau data on
merchant wholesale trade inventories. In consumer spending for services, the upward revision
reflected revised Bureau of Economic Analysis
international transactions accounts data on net
foreign travel, newly available trade source data
on stock exchange transactions, and newly available Securities and Exchange Commission data
on brokerage commissions. In private nonresidential fixed investment, most of the downward
revision was to equipment and software, reflecting revised Census Bureau data on shipments of
aircraft.
Real gross domestic purchases increased 6.3
percent, 0.2 percentage point more than the preliminary estimate; in the second quarter, this
measure increased 3.2 percent.2 Real final sales of
domestic product increased 4.5 percent, 0.1 percentage point less than the preliminary estimate;
in the second quarter, this measure increased 3.4
percent.3
2. Gross domestic purchases—a measure of purchases by U.S. residents
regardless of where the purchased goods and services were produced—equals
GDP less exports of goods and services plus imports of goods and services; it also equals the sum of personal consumption expenditures, private
fixed investment, change in private inventories, and government consumption
expenditures and gross investment.
3. Final sales of domestic product equals GDP less change in private
inventories; it also equals the sum of personal consumption expenditures,

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
The price index for gross domestic purchases
increased 1.7 percent, the same as the preliminary estimate; in the second quarter, the index
increased 1.9 percent. The price index for GDP
increased 1.1 percent, the same as the preliminary estimate; in the second quarter, the index
increased 1.4 percent. The price index for gross
domestic purchases increased more than the price
index for GDP in the third quarter, primarily reflecting an increase in import prices (which are
not included in GDP prices). Import prices increased 6.2 percent in the third quarter, primarily
reflecting a sharp increase in petroleum product
prices.
Real disposable personal income (DPI) increased 2.9 percent in the third quarter, 0.2
percentage point more than the preliminary estimate. The upward revision was primarily
accounted for by an upward revision to personal
income, largely to personal interest income.
The personal saving rate—personal saving as
a percentage of current-dollar DPI—was 2.1 percent, the same as the preliminary estimate; in the
second quarter, the rate was 2.5 percent.
Gross national product (GNP).—In the third quarter, real GNP—goods and services produced by
labor and property supplied by U.S. residents—
increased 5.6 percent, 0.1 percentage point less
than real GDP (table 4)/* Income receipts from
the rest of the world increased slightly less than
income payments to the rest of the world; corprivate fixed investment, and government consumption expenditures and
gross investment.
4. GNP equals GDP plus income receipts from the rest of the world less
income payments to the rest of the world.

porate profits accounted for about half of the increase in receipts, and interest income accounted
for most of the increase in payments.
Real GNP on a command basis, which measures the purchasing power of goods and services
produced by the U.S. economy, increased less
than real GNP—5.1 percent, compared with 5.6
percent—reflecting a deterioration in the terms
of trade.5 In the second quarter, real GNP on
a command basis also increased less than real
GNP—1.4 percent, compared with 1.9 percent.
Corporate Profits
According to revised estimates, profits from current production increased $3.7 billion (or 0.4
percent at a quarterly rate) in the third quarter after decreasing $6.5 billion (0.7 percent) in
the second (table s). 6 Third-quarter profits were
5. In the estimates of command-basis GNP, the current-dollar value of
the sum of exports of goods and services and income receipts is deflated by
the implicit price deflator (IPD) for the sum of imports of goods and services
and income payments.
The terms of trade is a measure of the relationship between the prices
that are received by U.S. producers for exports of goods and services and the
prices that are paid by U.S. purchasers for imports of goods and services. It
is measured by the following ratio, with the decimal point shifted two places
to the right: In the numerator, the IPD for the sum of exports of goods and
services and of income receipts; in the denominator, the IPD for the sum of
imports of goods and services and of income payments.
Changes in the terms of trade reflect the interaction of several factors,
including movements in exchange rates, changes in the composition of the
traded goods and services, and changes in producers' profit margins. For
example, if the U.S. dollar depreciates against a foreign currency, a foreign
manufacturer may choose to absorb this cost by reducing the profit margin
on the product it sells to the United States, or it may choose to raise the
price of the product and risk a loss in market share.
6. Profits from current production is estimated as the sum of profits
before tax, the inventory valuation adjustment, and the capital consumption
adjustment; it is shown in NIPA tables 1.9,1.14,1.16, and 6.16c (see "Selected
NIPA Tables," which begins on page D-2 of this issue) as corporate profits
with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments.
Percent changes in profits are shown at quarterly, not annual, rates.

Table 4.—Relation of Real Gross Domestic Product, Real Gross National Product, and Real Command-Basis Gross National

Product
[Seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
Billions of chained (1996) dollars
Level

Percent change from preceding

Change from preceding quarter
1QQR

1999

1998

III

IV

I

8,900.6

123.2

296.5
311.8

3.7
-4.5

Equals'. Gross national product

8,885.5

Less: Exports of goods and services and income receipts from the rest of the world
Plus: Command-basis exports of goods and services and income receipts from the
rest of the world l

1,351.5

Equals: Command-basis gross national product

103.0

Gross domestic product
Plus: Income receipts from the rest of the world
Less: Income payments to the rest of the world

Addendum: Terms of trade 2
1. Exports of goods and services and income receipts deflated by the implicit price deflator
for imports of goods and services and income payments.
2. Ratio of the implicit price deflator for exports of goods and services and income receipts




1999

1999

IV

II

I

III

II

III

78.7

40.7

122.0

5.9

3.7

1.9

5.7

2.0
-.6

10.6
10.4

9.9
10.7

5.6
-6.0

3.0
-.9

16.3
15.1

14.5
15.0

131.3

81.4

41.0

121.2

6.3

3.8

1.9

5.6

41.1

-12.0

21.1

38.4

13.7

-3.6

6.7

12.2

1,391.6

40.4

-5.7

10.2

26.4

12.8

-1.7

3.0

8.0

8,925.6

130.7

87.6

30.0

109.3

6.2

4.1

1.4

5.1

-.2

.6

-.9

-1.0

-.8

2.3

-3.4

-3.8

to the corresponding implicit price deflator for imports divided by 100.
NOTE.—See note to table 1 for an explanation of chained (1996) dollar series. Levels of these
series are in NIPA tables 1.10 and 1.11.

4 • January 2000




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
reduced by about $10 billion (revised) as a result of Hurricane Floyd, which made landfall
in North Carolina in mid-September; benefits
paid by insurance companies reduced profits by
about $8 billion, and uninsured corporate losses
reduced profits by about $2 billion.
Profits of domestic nonfinancial corporations
decreased $5.5 billion (0.9 percent) after increasing $2.2 billion (0.4 percent); unit profits
decreased, reflecting increased unit costs and unchanged unit prices. Profits of domestic financial
corporations increased $4.4 billion (2.5 percent)
after decreasing $7.8 billion (4.2 percent). Profits
from the rest of the world increased $4.8 billion
(4.6 percent) after decreasing $1.0 billion (0.9 percent); the increase was more than accounted for
by receipts of earnings from foreign affiliates.7
The revised estimate of profits from current
production is $4.5 billion lower than the preliminary estimate. Downward revisions to prof-

its from the rest of the world and to profits
of domestic nonfinancial industries were only
partly offset by an upward revision to profits of
domestic financial industries.
Cash flow from current production, a profitsrelated measure of internally generated funds
available for investment, increased $12.3 billion
after decreasing $6.7 billion.8 The ratio of cash
flow to nonresidential fixed investment, an indicator of the share of the current level of
investment that could be financed by internally
generated funds, decreased from 79.3 percent to
78.6 percent, its lowest level since 1990; the ratio's
average level for 1990-98 was 84.9 percent.

7. Profits from the rest of the world is calculated as (1) receipts by U.S.
residents of earnings from their foreign affiliates plus dividends received by
U.S. residents from unaffiliated foreign corporations minus (2) payments by
U.S. affiliates of earnings to their foreign parents plus dividends paid by U.S.
corporations to unaffiliated foreign residents. These estimates include capital
consumption adjustments (but not inventory valuation adjustments) and are
derived from BEA'S international transactions accounts.

8. Cash flow from current production equals undistributed profits
with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments plus the
consumption of fixed capital.
9. Domestic industry profits are estimated as the sum of corporate profits
before tax and the inventory valuation adjustment; they are shown in NIPA
table 6.16c (on page D-16 of this issue). Estimates of the capital consumption
adjustment do not exist at a detailed industry level; they are available only

Domestic industry profits and related measures.—
Domestic industry profits increased $0.1 billion
after decreasing $8.2 billion. Profits of domestic nonfinancial corporations decreased $5.5
billion after decreasing $1.3 billion.9 Profits of

Table 5.—Corporate Profits
[Seasonally adjusted]
Billions of dollars (annual rate)
Change from preceding quarter

Level
1998

III
Profits from current production
Domestic industries
Financial
Nonfinancial
Rest of the world
Receipts (inflows)
Payments (outflows)
IVA
. . .
CCAdj
Profits before tax
Profits tax liability
Profits after tax
Cash flow from current production
Domestic industry profits:
Corporate profits of domestic industries with IVA
Financial
Nonfinancial
Manufacturing
Transportation and public utilities
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Other

Percent change (quarterly rate)
1998

I

IV

879.2

-9.5

771.1
181.8
589.2
108.1
169.5
61.4

-21.2
-.7
-20.5

II
-6.5
-5.6

11.7
9.7
-2.0

47.7
41.7
17.2
24.5
6.0
10.2
4.2

-26.7
52.1
853.8
259.4
594.3

1.0
3.0
-13.4
-S.7
-4.8

-7.5
3.7
51.4
12.4
39.1

-26.9
2.6

929.0

7.5

719.0
203.9
515.1
163.1
117.3
39.1

-24.1
-.9
-23.1
-10.2
-6.1
-8.5
-.3
1.8

67.7
127.9

1.012
.650
.246
.115

0
.002
.002
-.005

NOTE.—Levels of these and other profits series are in NIPA tables 1.14,1.16, 6.16C, and 7.15.
IVA Inventory valuation adjustment
CCAdj Capital consumption adjustment

-.9
4.5
15.2

0.4
-.1
2.5
-.9
4.6
3.3
1.0

6.7
5.3
7.4

2.2
2.6
2.0

2.1
2.0
2.2

.9

4.5

-.7

1.3

-3.4
-.5
-4.4
-5.9
-5.4
-17.1
-.4
1.5

5.5
8.9
4.3
5.7
4.7
5.3
9.7
-1.5

5.7

-4.1

5.7
10.2
4.3
6.1
7.0
8.8

17.7
6.4
11.3

-13.1
-1.1
18.0
5.0
12.9

-1.7
-3.5
-.9

-6.7
38.0
16.7
21.3
9.3
5.0
2.2
6.7
-1.9

3.7
-1.0
4.4
-5.5
4.8
5.4
.6

12.3
.1

-7.8
2.2
-1.0
7.1
8.1

-8.2
-7.0
-1.3
-5.2
-4.0
.9
-.3
5.4

5.6
-5.5
-4.7
9.4

-6.2
-7.7
2.7

Dollars
Unit price, costs, and profits of nonfinancial
corporations:
Unit price
Unit labor cost
Unit nonlabor cost
Unit profits from current production

1999

1999

0.001
.001
-.002
.003

0.003
.002
.001
-.001

0
.001
.002
-.003

-1.1
-2.8
-.4
-3.5
13.5
7.0

-O.7
-.7

-42
A

-1.1
-0.4
-.2
-1.9
-3.6
2.2
-.4
4.5

0
2.8
-1.1
-5.8
8.8
-11.9
-10.2
2.2

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
retail trade, of wholesale trade, and of manufacturing decreased; in contrast, profits of the
transportation and utility group increased. Profits of domestic financial corporations increased
$5.6 billion after decreasing $7.0 billion.
Profits before tax (PBT) increased $18.0 billion
after increasing $17.7 billion. The difference between the $18.0 billion increase in PBT and the
$3.7 billion increase in profits from current production mainly reflected a larger negative level of
for total financial and total nonfinancial industries and for rest-of-the- world
profits.




the inventory valuation adjustment (IVA). The IVA
removes inventory profits and losses from business income.10 In the third quarter, inventory
profits amounted to $26.7 billion, up from $13.6
billion in the second quarter. £ |
10. As prices change, companies that value inventory withdrawals at original acquisition (historical) costs may realize inventory profits or losses.
Inventory profits-^a capital-gains-like element in profits—result from an increase in inventory prices, and inventory losses—a capital-loss-like element in
profits—result from a decrease in inventory prices. In the NIPA'S, inventory
profits or losses are removed from domestic business incomes by the inventory valuation adjustment; a negative IVA removes inventory profits, and a
positive IVA removes inventory losses.

January 2000




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

GDP: One of the Great Inventions
of the 20th Century
As the 20th century drew to a dose, the U.S. Department of Commerce embarked on
a review of its achievements. At the conclusion of this review, the Department named the
development of the national income and product accounts as "its achievement of the century."
Below is a brief overview of the national accounts that describes their purpose, their development,
their impact, and their future; the overview also includes short notes of appreciation on the
importance of GDP and the national accounts from prominent economists and officials responsible
for U.S. fiscal and monetary policy. The overview is followed by remarks that were made at
the press conference on December 7, 1999, that announced the Department's recognition of the
national accounts: By the Secretary of Commerce, William M. Daley; the Chair of the Federal
Reserve Board, Alan Greenspan; the Chair of the President's Council of Economic Advisers,
Martin N. Baily; and Commerce's Under Secretary for Economic Affairs, Robert J. Shapiro.
The recognition of the national accounts is a testimony not only to Nobel laureate Simon
Kuznets and the other economists who participated in their early development, but also to the
staff of BEA and its predecessor organizations, who—working with academics, business persons,
policy officials, and others—have continually updated and improved the accounts over the years
to make them as accurate, useful, and relevant today as they have been since their creation over
60 years ago.
J. Steven Landefeld
Director, Bureau of Economic Analysis

While the GDP and the rest of the national
income accounts may seem to be arcane concepts,
they are truly among the great inventions of the
twentieth century.
Paul A. Samuelson and William D. Nordhaus

The Gross Domestic Product and the
National Income and Product Accounts
product accounts
T that measureincome andvalue of final of acare the comprehensive set
counts
the total
goods
HE NATIONAL
(NIPA'S)

and services (gross domestic product, or GDP)
produced by the U.S. economy and the total
of incomes earned in producing that output
(Gross Domestic Income, or GDI). GDP measures
final purchases by households, business, and government by summing consumption, investment,
government spending, and net exports, GDI
measures total incomes earned by households by
summing wages and salaries, rents, profits, interest, and other income. The accounts also provide
information on the prices at which the output
is sold and measures of real, inflation-adjusted,
measures of output and income.
This integrated set of accounts and the detailed
sets of international, regional, and industry ac-

counts that support the national accounts allow
for comprehesive and integrated analyses of the
impact of alternative policy actions, or of external events, on the entire economy as well as on
detailed components of final demand, incomes,
industries, and regions of the country.
History of the NIPA'S.—Prior to the development
of the NIPA'S, policymakers had to guide the economy using limited and fragmentary information
about the state of the economy. The Great Depression underlined the problems of incomplete
data and led to the development of the national
accounts:
One reads with dismay of Presidents Hoover
and then Roosevelt designing policies to combat
the Great Depression of the 1930'$ on the basis of
such sketchy data as stock price indices, freight car
loadings, and incomplete indices of industrial production. The fact was that comprehensive measures
of national income and output did not exist at the
time. The Depression, and with it the growing role
ofgovernment in the economy, emphasized the need
for such measures and led to the development of a
comprehensive set of national income accounts.
Richard T. Froyen

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

In response to this need in the 1930's, the
Department of Commerce commissioned Nobel
laureate Simon Kuznets of the National Bureau
of Economic Research to develop a set of national
economic accounts.1 Professor Kuznets headed
a small group within the Bureau of Foreign and
Domestic Commerce's Division of Economic Research. Professor Kuznets coordinated the work
of researchers at the National Bureau of Economic Research in New York and his staff at
Commerce. The original set of accounts was
presented in a report to Congress in 1937 and in
a research report, National Income, 1929-35.
Early in 1942, annual estimates of gross national product were introduced to complement
the estimates of national income and to facilitate
war time planning. Wartime planning needs also
helped to stimulate the development of inputoutput accounts. Nobel laureate Wassily Leontief
developed the U.S. input-output accounts that
subsequently became an integral part of the
NIPA'S. In commenting on the usefulness of the
national accounts, Wesley C. Mitchell, Director, National Bureau of Economic Research, said:
"Only those who had a personal share in the
economic mobilization for World War I could realize in how many ways and how much estimates
of national income covering 20 years and classified in several ways facilitated the World War II
effort.'5
Over time, in response to policy needs and
changes in the economy, the accounts have been
expanded to provide quarterly estimates of GDP
and monthly estimates of personal income and
outlays, regional accounts, wealth accounts, industry accounts, and expanded international accounts. In the past decade, the accounts have
been updated by introducing measures of real
output and prices that reflect current expenditure
patterns; quality-adjusted prices for high-tech
goods; and most recently, investment in computer software and a new measure of banking
output that recognizes ATMS, electronic funds
transfers, and the wide range of other services
that banks provide.
A time line of the major innovations introduced in the accounts in the last 50 years would
include the following:
1. Although Simon Kuznets is often best remembered for his creation
of the U.S. national accounts, his Nobel Prize was awarded for his "empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and
deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development." Professor Kuznets shares credit in developing economic accounts
with Sir Richard Stone of the United Kingdom, who subsequently won the
Nobel Prize for "having made fundamental contributions to the development
of systems of national accounts and hence greatly improved the basis for
empirical economic analysis."




• In the 1930's, in response to the information
gap revealed by the Great Depression, Simon
Kuznets developed a set of national income
accounts.
• In the i94o's, World War II planning needs
were the impetus for the development of
product or expenditure estimates (gross national product); by the mid-1940^, the accounts had evolved into a consolidated set of
income and product accounts, providing an
integrated birds-eye view of the economy.
• In the late 1950^ and early 1960^, interest
in stimulating economic growth and in the
sources of growth led to the development of
official input-output tables, capital stock estimates, and more detailed and timely State
and local personal income estimates.
• In the late 1960^ and 1970's, accelerating inflation prompted the development of improved measures of prices and
inflation-adjusted output.
• In the 1980^, the internationalization of trade
in services led to an expansion of the estimates of international trade in services in the
NIPA'S.

• In the I98o's, BEA did pioneering work with
IBM in the development of quality-adjusted
price and output measures for computers.
• In the 1990's, BEA introduced more accurate measures of prices and inflation-adjusted
output, developed estimates of investments
in computer software, and incorporated updated measures of high tech products and
banking output.
The contribution of the NIPA'S to stability and economic growth.—The importance of the national
accounts is well summarized by Nobel laureate Paul Samuelson and his coauthor William
Nordhaus in the 15th edition of their textbook,
Economics:
Much like a satellite in space can survey the
weather across an entire continent so can the GDP
give an overall picture of the state of the economy.
It enables the President, Congress, and the Federal
Reserve to judge whether the economy is contracting
or expanding, whether the economy needs a boost
or should be reined in a bit, and whether a severe
recession or inflation threatens.
Without measures of economic aggregates like
GDP, policymakers would be adrift in a sea of unorganized data. The GDP and related data are like
beacons that help policymakers steer the economy
toward the key economic objectives.

January 2000

8 • January 2000




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
The national accounts have become the mainstay of modern macroeconomic analysis, allowing
policymakers, economists, and the business community to analyze the impact of different tax and
spending plans, the impact of oil and other price
shocks, and the impact of monetary policy on
the economy as a whole and on specific components of final demand, incomes, industries, and
regions.
The national accounts, in combination with
better informed policies and institutions, have
contributed to a reduction in the severity of business cycles and a post-war era of strong economic
growth. Prior to World War II, the business cycle was much more severe and more frequent.
There were 6 severe depressions between 1854 and
1945 with an average duration of nearly 3 years.
Including recessions as well as depressions, the
average downturn between 1854 a n d *945 w a s 2 1
months, with a contraction occurring on average
once every 4 years. During the postwar era the
length of the average downturn has been halved
to 11 months, with a contraction occurring on
average once every 5 years.
The post-World War II era stands out as a
period of unprecedented growth for the United
States. Real GDP per capita and real wealth has
more than doubled since 1948. This period of
economic prosperity has not only dramatically
improved standards of living but has contributed
to large improvements in social conditions, cutting poverty in half, raising life expectancy, and
adding to leisure time.
The bank runs, financial panics, and depressions that were recurring problems before World
War 11 became a thing of the past. The business cycle was not eliminated, but its severity was
curtailed. This post-war success was based on a
more stable economic environment that was due
in significant part to the timely, comprehensive
and accurate data on the economy provided by
the national accounts.
BEA and the GDP of the next century.—In the next
century, the needs of the information age will
only get larger, and if the national accounts and
the rest of the U.S. statistical system is to meet
that challenge, several things must happen. First,
the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Bureau
of the Census, and the rest of the U.S. statistical system must take a strong leadership role

in the harmonization of economic and financial
standards in the United States and abroad. The
U.S. statistical agencies will also need to continue
their work with business and government to increase the use of electronic data collections and
administrative records. This will require not only
harmonization of financial and accounting standards, but also the adoption of common product
and industry codes, the sharing of data between
statistical agencies, strong assurances of confidentiality, improvements in administrative records,
and an information technology system in the U.S.
statistical agencies that is equipped to handle the
information needs of the 21st century.
If all this comes to pass, one can imagine
a Bureau of Economic Analysis in the future
that will obtain its national accounts data from
coordinated electronic data collection systems.
These systems will use existing electronic data
from business accounts, administrative records,
and financial clearance systems. The trend toward harmonization of business and economic
accounting standards will have reached the point
where the data can be used interchangeably.
Standardized business, financial, and administrative codes will become so commonplace, and
electronic confidentiality protections so secure,
that economists and statisticians at BEA, the Census Bureau, and elsewhere in the U.S. statistical
system will be able to simply "sample" data
plucked from the existing stream of business,
financial, and administrative transactions.
Not only will respondent burden be substantially reduced, but the timeliness, accuracy, and
quality of the national accounts will also be dramatically improved. Data will be available on
a continuous flow basis, and new firms and
firms going out of business will be instantly
identified. Given the universal use of common
scanner, billing, and Internet order codes, the
level of detail available from the accounts will
exceed anything imagined today. Finally, the internationalization of markets and the need to
coordinate government policy will mean that this
same type of data will be available globally, as
well as nationally. Such a system will produce
a quantum leap in the quality and efficiency
of the information infrastructure available for
marketing, for business, household, and government transactions, for planning, and for decision
making. £ |

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

Notable Quotes
Information is fundamental to understanding all human endeavor.
The national income accounts, and the data they use and produce, are
our core economic information. While they can—and with adequate
human, financial, and organizational resources, will—be continually
improved; without them we would be in economic dark ages.
Michael J. Boskin
T.M. Friedman Professor of Economics, Stanford University
Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution
Former Chair, Council of Economic Advisors
The ability to measure our economy accurately is absolutely critical
in the formulation of the federal budget. Indeed, it would be difficult
for government to function today without the excellent information
provided by the Commerce Department's GDP series.
U.S. Senator Pete V. Domenici
Chair, Committee on the Budget
[The national income and product accounts are] among the major
contributions of this century to economic knowledge.
Robert Eisner
Former President, American Economic Association
BEA has the largest macroeconomic job in the entire statistical system, BEA is responsible for measuring the nation's income and product
accounts... Using the national income accounts framework developed
by Simon Kuznets a half century ago, BEA has become the keeper of
the nation's economic accounts.
Janet L. Norwood
Senior Fellow, The Urban Institute
Former Commissioner, Bureau of Labor Statistics
In an era when it is fashionable to criticize government or minimize
its contributions, the development of the GDP measure by the Department of Commerce is a powerful reminder of the important things that
government can and does do to make the private economy stronger and
our individual lives better.
Robert E. Rubin
Director, Citigroup, Inc.
Former Secretary, U.S. Department of the Treasury
The GDP accounts provide Congress and the rest of government with
vital signs on our economy's health. We are making better economic




policy today because the GDP accounts give us a better understanding of
what policies work. We should devote more resources for modernizing
the GDP accounts to keep our statistical infrastructure in step with our
rapidly evolving economy.
U.S. Senator Paul Sarbanes
Ranking Member, Committee on Banking, Housing
and Urban Affairs
GDP! The right concept of economy-wide output, accurately measured. The U.S. and the world rely on it to tell where we are in the
business cycle and to estimate long-run growth. It is the centerpiece
of an elaborate and indispensable system of social accounting, the national income and product accounts. This is surely the signal innovative
achievement of the Commerce Department in the 20th century. I was
fortunate to become an economist in the 1930's when Kuznets, Nathan,
Gilbert, and Jaszi were creating this most important set of economic
time series. In economic theory, macroeconomics was just beginning at
the same time. Complementary, these two innovations deserve much
credit for the improved performance of the economy in the second half
of the century.
James Tobin
Nobel laureate
Yale University Professor Emeritus of Economics
The quality of business decisions depends on information—more
information means less uncertainty and better decisions. The U.S.
national income accounts provide business leaders with critical information about the trends shaping their market opportunities and
challenges. These accounts are a critical component of the institutional
infrastructure on which the health of our market economy depends.
Laura D'Andrea Tyson
Dean, School of Business, University of California at Berkeley
Former Chair, Council of Economic Advisors
For decades, the Department of Commerce, in maintaining the
statistics, has also nurtured and protected a group of statistician/economists that have made an enormous contribution to independent, authoritative, and timely analysis. It is of great benefit to the
United States and unmatched in the world.
Paul A. Volcker
North American Chairman of the Trilateral Commission
Former Chair, Federal Reserve Board

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

10 • January 2000

Press Conference Announcing the Commerce Department's
Achievement of the Century
December 7,1999
Washington, DC
Remarks by William M. Daley
Secretary, U.S. Department of Commerce
HIS is a very proud day for the men and
women of the Commerce Department. We
will be honoring some of their outstanding work
this afternoon at our annual awards ceremony.
And since it is the last one of the century, I
wanted us to look back and select our greatest
achievement. Let me tell you, it wasn't easy. We
are a very diverse Department with a long history.
Teddy Roosevelt created us early in the century,
but some of our agencies have been around since
the earliest days of the Republic, including the
Census Bureau and the Patent Office.
We are the smallest of the Cabinet agencies, but
we have accomplished the most—in my unbiased
opinion.
We issued over 5 million patents in the last
100 years, compared with about 600,000 in the
late 18th and 19th centuries combined. We will
present number 6 million on Friday. Census takers have knocked on a billion and a half doors.
Our weather forecasters went from standing on

T

the beach to predict the coming of a hurricane,
to running the largest fleet of civilian satellites in
the world.
Our international trade people helped America's exports grow to nearly a trillion dollars from
a little over a billion dollars at the turn of the
century. And they helped us win the Cold War,
also, by controlling high-tech exports with military applications. We helped create 4 million
jobs in distressed communities. We helped half
a million minority businesses to grow. We built
the first atomic clock. And we had a hand in
creating the 911 emergency phone number.
But as we searched for our greatest achievement, something the bright minds at Commerce
created from scratch and that had the greatest
impact on America, it was the invention of the
national economic accounts—what we now call
the gross domestic product, or GDP.
Pioneered by our own Dr. Simon Kuznets in
the early i93o's, he later won a Nobel Prize for
his work. Ever since, the GDP accounts have
been used by government and business officials
to guide their economic policymaking.

Chart 1 - A More Stable Economy: Annual GDP Growth in the 20th Century
25

-5 I I t I I I I I I I I I I I I
1
1900




I I I I I II I II I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I II I I II I I I I I I I I I I II I I I I I I I I I II I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I
1920

1940

1960

1980

2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Obviously, I don't have to convince our
guests—Chairman Greenspan and Chairman
Baily—or any economist or business leader that
this is one of the greatest inventions of the 20th
century. Some of them have sent us letters,
including Paul Volcker, Laura Tyson, and Bob
Rubin.
Without these key statistics, they could not do
their jobs as well as they do. Without the big
picture the GDP gives us, they would not have the
information they need to figure out what's going
on in our economy and take appropriate action.
In fact, it was the great need for information
that led to the creation of the GDP accounts.
We were in the middle of the Great Depression.
Franklin Roosevelt and his advisers were perplexed at what to do, largely because of a lack
of information about the overall economy. They
knew that rail shipments were way down, that
steel production was plunging, that millions of
people were out of work. But they didn't have
the big picture.
Think of it this way. A doctor can only make
a diagnosis and prescribe a treatment after first
sitting down and piecing together all the test results that have been taken. And economic policy
makers are very much like doctors. So what the
GDP accounts have done is to give us the tools to
make those critical decisions.
If I can have the first chart, we can see the results: It shows the ups and downs of the U.S.
economy during the 20th century. Note that
since the end of World War 11, when the GDP
accounts were more fully developed and in wider
use, the boom and bust swings are much less
severe. You don't see as much [shaded area].

Chart 2 - Real GDP in the 20th Century:
1999 dollars
10

The biggest drop in GDP—a 13-percent
reduction—came in 1932. In contrast, the biggest
drop in the last 50 years came in the 1981-82 recession, when GDP fell just 1.9 percent. In short,
the business cycle, while still with us, has lost the
harshness of the past. Gone are the bank runs,
the financial panics, the deep and drawn out
recessions, and the long lines of the unemployed.
Obviously, the GDP accounts are not solely responsible for putting America's economy on a
steadier track—as much as I'd like to make that
claim. But no question about it: They have had a
very positive effect on America's economic wellbeing, by providing a steady stream of very useful
economic data.
And we're always trying to improve our product. Just a few weeks ago, we started treating
computer software as an investment instead of
an expense. I know Chairman Greenspan is particularly happy about this. And we revised the
measure of banking services to incorporate ATM
and other electronic transactions. Look at the
second chart and you see how our economy has
grown. In 1900, GDP was just under $300 billion. Today, as we enter the new millennium, it
is over $9 trillion. As of February, we will be in
the middle of the longest expansion in our history, in war or peace time. And I want to thank
Chairman Greenspan for all he has done to help
give America this steady, upward growth.
In closing, I want to make a prediction, even
though it might be a little risky in front of so
many distinguished economists. I cannot say
what the size of the economy will be 1 year from
today or 100 years from now, but I can say that
when we reach the next milestone—$10 trillion—
will depend a lot on our next speaker, Chairman
Greenspan.
Remarks by Alan Greenspan
Chair, Federal Reserve Board

$9.2 trillion

8

6

A

2
^

w.n.

$730 billion

$290billion

• • • • • •
—^^^^^—

1900

1929

oI




1999

Thank you very much, Mr. Secretary.
Beside the fact that you leave me speechless,
which is a remarkably difficult thing to do, I very
much appreciate your comments. Let me just
start by saying that we look at the gross domestic
product and its predecessor, the gross national
product, as a measure of output of goods and
services at market prices, and it's a crucially important statistic to get a sense of where the overall
economy is and where it has been. Nonetheless, the Department of Commerce has treated
the national income accounts, and specifically the
GDP, as living documents; that is, an endeavor

January 2000 • 11

12 • January 2000




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
to recognize that the American economy is continuously changing. Its nature is being altered
by technology and all sorts of other institutional
effects. And as a result, how one measures the
notion of what is the market value of goods and
services produced, of necessity, has been changing over the years. And I must say that it is
really quite impressive the extent to which the
Department of Commerce has been able to keep
up with the various changes that have evolved.
For example, clearly the need to have a gross national product to get a sense in World War II of
what the capacity of the American economy was
so that you could fit defense expenditures and
defense production in the system was a crucial
issue at that time. And in the subsequent years,
there have been many changes. We found, for
example, that during the inflationary periods of
the 1970's, the notions of what constituted depreciation, and hence profitability, became a serious
problem.
And they succeeded in developing such arcane
issues as the capital consumption allowance adjustment, which effectively normalized the system
and in a very helpful way. They introduced hedonic pricing of computers several years later.
And more recently, they introduced chain-type
pricing in the GDP accounts, largely because it
became very apparent that the growth rates that
we were observing in the old constant-dollar data
were a function of what particular base period
you chose. That clearly was not something that
you wanted to hang on, where you had alternate
potential definitions of what was going on. Most
recently, as the Secretary mentioned, it's become
evident that there has been an increasing technological change within our system, which has
muddied the distinction between what we call
capital investment and current expense. And 2030 years ago when you built a steel plant, it was
perfectly obvious what it was and it was capitalized. And when you consumed coke or ore, it
was expensed. But in today's world it has become
very much more difficult to figure out whether
a particular outlay is expensed and not included
in the measure of the GDP, or whether it is capitalized and it is. It's an all-or-nothing operation.
And as a consequence of that, having moved to
capitalizing the software that is not embodied in
the hardware, a major shift in the process of how
one evaluates what we're producing is occurring.
And it's only the beginning, because what
we see in, for example, differential stock prices
company by company, is that those companies
that have very large proportions of their outlays,

which are truly for the future of the company
and hence by definition capital expenditures, are,
for tax and other reasons, expensed. And as a
result of that, we are finding increasingly this issue of the dividing line being crucially important
between what is expensed and what is capitalized, and it's effectively the market capitalization
in the stock market—not its levels, but its difference from company to company—which is telling
us that the markets are saying that certain outlays are indeed capital expenditures irrespective
of what the accountants call them. And BE A is becoming clearly more oriented to what economists
do as value creation as distinct necessarily from
what the accountants are doing. There are going
to be a lot of problems in the future. There are
going to be very great difficulties in deciding how
to divide a particular dollar amount of output
at market prices into physical volume and into
price. The issue is becoming increasingly muddied, but I won't get into this because that will
go on for an hour and a half, and we won't come
to any particular conclusion.
But let me just say that while the GDP is continuously changing its stripes as the BEA tries to
improve on the system, it is still the best measure
of market value of goods and services, it is not
necessarily a measure of welfare or even a significant measure of standards of living. I think we're
all acutely aware of the fact that, for example,
there are a number of southern states that use
a huge amount of air conditioning in the summer and that appears as output in the GDP. The
wonderful breezes you get up in northern Vermont during the summer, which eliminates the
requirement for air conditioning, doesn't show
up in the GDP. And other things equal, the standards of living are the same, but the GDP will
be less in Vermont than it will be in the South,
and clearly that is not a measure of welfare. I
can go into innumerable examples and recognize
the fact that we've had this problem going back a
long way. Indeed, one of the very early debates in
the construction of the national income accounts
was how do you handle the obvious economic
product that homemakers produce? Should it be
imputed in the system or not? That was one of
the big debates at the time, and even in today's
market (a homemaker—who used to be called
housewives, but now men do it as well, and in
increasingly large numbers), somebody who is
working at home and producing certain types of
obvious goods that are not included in the GDP.
But if you go out and you hire somebody to do it,
obviously it's a market transaction and the value

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
of the GDP goes up. It's hard to say that there's
been a significant change in standards of living
in that particular context.

hopes that the next century will see the program
continuing to advance. Thank you very much.

What is not really readily understood, except
by those of us who employ complex computerbased models for forecasting, is how much
the total set—the national income and product accounts—reduce forecast error. If you are
forced to make the product and income sides of
the national accounts balance, there are certain,
potentially otherwise credible, scenarios that are
immediately ruled out. The consistency-forcing
structure of the national accounts has been one
of its most significant contributions and least
heralded. I'm aware that we've got a statistical discrepancy which creates all sorts of havoc,
especially in the short run. But what is really
quite extraordinary is how small that number is
in a $9 trillion economy. This is testament to
how significantly detailed and analytical the BEA
and the practitioners have been in succeeding in
considering and solving these problems.

Remarks by Martin N. Baily
Chair, President's Council of Economic
Advisers

Before concluding, let me comment on one
very crucial aspect of the national accounts and
the hard-working economists and statisticians
who compile them. Though these estimates have
a profound influence on markets when published
and are the basis for Federal budget projections
and political rhetoric, I do not recall a single instance when the integrity of the estimates was
called into question by informed observers. This
is so despite the fact that, for many of the published preliminary figures, judgmental estimates
for data not yet available are made, many of
which affect the message of the accounts. It is
a testament to the professionalism of the analysts that these judgments are never assumed to
be driven by political imperatives. This cannot
be said of statistical operations of all countries,
and I think it is fair to say that the consequent ability of people to make decisions with
greater confidence in the information at their disposal has contributed, in at least a small way,
to our nation's favorable economic performance.
Just as John Maynard Keynes once said that the
ideas of economists and political philosophers are
more powerful than is commonly understood, I
personally would be inclined to say that the accuracy and conceptual rigor of our underlying
data systems are more powerful and important
than is commonly understood. Therefore, I can
only add my applause for the Commerce Department's many efforts to maintain and improve
the national income accounts and express my




It is a great pleasure to be here today and to say a
few words about the meaning and importance of
the GDP data and the national income and product accounts. I would like to make some personal
observations, based on the ways in which these
data have been important to my work.
I started my career as an academic researcher
with a strong interest in macroeconomics, and it
is hard to imagine how I, or anyone else, could
have talked about the U.S. economy and the
business cycle without timely and accurate information about GDP, or GNP as we used back then.
One issue that I explored 20 years ago was the
extent to which the economy has become more
stable over time.
I carried out a series of econometric tests,
examining the response of consumption, investment, and inventories to cyclical shocks. But it
turned out the most compelling evidence came
from simply plotting the growth rate of GNP over
time. The resulting chart, subsequently reproduced in the New York Times, showed a dramatic
decrease in the volatility of GNP in the postwar
period.
I argued, as I still believe, that sound and cautiously active monetary and fiscal policy, together
with automatic stabilizers, have been important
to the increased stability of the macroeconomy.
Others have disagreed as to whether policy is really stabilizing and even whether the economy
has become more stable. But of course this debate would not have been possible without good
historical GNP data.
More recently I, along with a team of researchers, have worked on a number of studies,
trying to understand the differences in productivity across countries. This work has been
based on the scrutiny of very detailed, microlevel firm and industry data. But each study
began with an aggregate analysis that featured
GDP per capita as the best overall measure of
economic performance across countries. We selected industries to study largely on the basis of
whether they would add to our understanding
of cross-country GDP per capita differences. By
starting with a micro database and building up
to tell a macro GDP level story, I believe this work
has added to understanding of the reasons for

January 2000 •

13

14 • January 2ooo




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

economic performance differences across countries. It would not have had the same impact or
validity without good underlying GDP data.
A major task in my current position is to
work with others in preparing the administration's forecast for budget purposes, GDP and its
growth over time are the centerpiece of this exercise. We recognize the tremendous uncertainty
in trying to predict GDP 10 years into the future and the need to make policy decisions which
recognize that uncertainty. But we rely on a
solid starting point for our work—the GDP data
prepared here at the Department of Commerce.
Working with our forecast, however, makes me
realize the need for continued progress. Why was
there a slowdown in productivity growth in 1973?
Has the trend of productivity growth increased
in the 1990s? How is the digital revolution affecting businesses and consumers? Does the rise
in the stock market reflect an increase in intangible capital accumulation by companies? These
are tough questions, central to any forecast, and
finding the answers would be helped by better
GDP data.
Major improvements have been made—the
shift to chain indexes, the use of better price
indexes both by BEA and the Bureau of Labor
Statistics and the incorporation of software investment. But more needs to be done to capture a
rapidly changing economy where services account
for much of GDP, where the digital revolution is
in full flight, and where quality changes may be as
important as quantity changes. If our statistical
agencies are to keep up with the demands of the
economy, they need to be adequately funded to
support the wealth of commitment and expertise
of the people that work there.
My experience as an academic, as an economist
in the private profit-making sector, and as a
member of the administration tells me that good
GDP data are vital to high-quality research, a
greater understanding of the U.S. economy, and,
ultimately, to sound decision making.
Remarks by Robert J. Shapiro
Under Secretary of Commerce for
Economic Affairs
I want to say only a few words, as the proud
and lucky head of the Economics and Statistics

Administration. The tradition of excellence exemplified by Simon Kuznets is carried on today
by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, including
its director Steve Landefeld, his deputy Rosemary
Marcuss, the lead analysts of GDP, Bob Parker and
Brent Moulton, and others. They are all here
today. I salute them.
The national accounts are a living, growing
monument to the ability of American economic
genius to meet the challenges of every period. In the 1930's, Americans decided that
deep depressions had to stop. In response,
Kuznets here at the Commerce Department's Division of Economic Research—the predecessor
of today's BEA—created the first systematic and
comprehensive way of measuring an economy's
performance.
When America went to war to be sure that
democracy would survive, the Division extended
the early accounts to also track production and
to produce the first quarterly and annual estimates of GNP, so the government could mobilize
the economy for the war effort. After the war, to
help manage the Marshall plan and the transition
back to a peacetime economy, the Division created new accounts for the balance of payments
and began measuring individual industries, sectors, States and regions. Then, as the government
assumed its modern role in macroeconomic policy, the BEA extended the national accounts again,
to measure capital stock, investment, and other
sources of growth. And when stagflation shook
the economy, BEA developed new ways of tracking
prices and measuring real output.
BEA remains the world's leader and pioneer in
measuring what's happening in an economy. And
globalization and the IT revolution are central to
what's happening now in our economic lives. So
2 months ago, BEA officially revised the national
accounts and the existing GDP series—providing
new and better ways of measuring international
trade, of treating software spending as business
investment, of capturing the full output of banks
and financial institutions using technologies like
ATM'S and of tracking the rising quality of IT
hardware and software.
No one knows what our GDP will be in the
future. We can be confident that whatever it is,
we will be able to understand and make the best
of it through the great and growing achievement
of the national income and product accounts. Q

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

Zvi Griliches, 1930-99

Zvi Griliches and His Contributions to Economic Measurement
IN MARCH 1998, Zvi Griliches opened the Conference
on Research in Income and Wealth's meeting on "New
Directions in Productivity Analysis" by remembering
three economists—Theodore Schultz, Edwin Mansfield, and Edward Denison—who had recently died
and who were important in the development of the
topic and to his own career.1 Sadly, we now add
Griliches' name to his list of important contributors
to economic measurement who are no longer with us.
Griliches was born in Kaunas, Lithuania. In 1941,
the Nazis forced his family to resettle in a Jewish
ghetto, and in June 1944, the Griliches family was sent
to a concentration camp, where his parents died. Educated at Hebrew University in Israel, in 1951, Griliches
won a scholarship in agricultural economics to the
University of California at Berkeley. After earning
an M.S., he moved to the University of Chicago in
1955; there, as a pupil of Theodore Schultz, he earned
an M.A. and an Ph.D. in economics and became a
tenured faculty member. In 1965, he won the John
Bates Clark Medal of the American Economic Association, an award to "that economist under the age
of forty who is adjudged to have made a significant
contribution to economic thought and knowledge."2
In 1969, he moved to Harvard University, where he
remained for the rest of his career. In 1975, he served
as the president of the Econometric Society and was
elected to the National Academy of Sciences. From
1978 until recently, he was Director of the National
Bureau of Economic Research's (NBER'S) Productivity
and Technical Change Program. In 1993, he served as
the president of the American Economic Association.
Griliches, an econometrician par excellence, cared
deeply about, investigated critically, and devoted much
time to assembling large data sets for his econometric models. Data sources and data methodologies
were as important to him as econometric techniques.
He devoted his presidential address to the January
1994 meeting of die American Economic Association
to measurement issues. In this address, he worried
that measurement problems have become more severe, positing that "the fraction of the economy for
which the productivity numbers are half reasonable
had fallen to below one-third" from about one-half
1. See "Comments"in New Developments in Productivity Analysis in the
selected bibliography.
2. "John Bates Clark Award, Citation on the Occasion of the Presentation
of the Medal to Zvi Griliches, December 29,196$?'American Economic Review
56 (May 1966): 6.

NOTE.—This tribute was prepared by Barbara M.
Fraumeni.




in the early post-World War II period.3 He cataloged
data problems that ranged from those affecting price
statistics and national accounts estimates to those with
the measurement of R&D and with the lack of adequate responses to government surveys. He then went
on to speculate why the data were not better in spite
of studies by prestigious commissions and committees
every decade or so since 1961: Really hard measurement problems, underfunding of statistical agencies
who have little clout in Washington, and insufficient
"emphasis on the value of data and data collection in
our training of graduate students and in the reward
structure of our profession."4 Even when addressing
econometricians, as in his essay "Economic Data Issues" in the Handbook of Econometrics, he stressed the
importance of data.5
Through his research, his participation on various committees and commissions concerned with
measurement, and his direct interaction with other
scholars and with BEA staff, Griliches had a significant
influence on BEA'S estimates and programs.
As an economist who recognized the importance of
measurement, he studied the methodologies that underlie the estimates of technical change, real output,
and productivity. At the macro level, he partnered
with Dale Jorgenson to publish estimates of total
output, input, and productivity for the U.S. private
domestic economy.6 These estimates were primarily based on such BEA national accounts estimates as
real gross domestic product (GDP), investment, capital
stocks, property income, and persons engaged in production. This article led to a debate on productivity
measurement concepts and methodology with Edward
Denison, who had worked for some 20 years at BEA
and who later returned to become BEA'S Associate Director for National Economic Accounts. Although BEA
does not publish estimates of productivity, BEA recognized the important ramifications of the debate for the
underlying national accounts data.7 This debate stimulated ongoing work at BEA and the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) on the measurement of capital stocks,
depreciation, inventories, prices, and the number and
compensation of persons engaged in production.
3. See "Productivity, R&D, and the Data Constraint" in the selected
bibliography.
4. Griliches, "Productivity", 14.
5. See the introduction "Data and econometricians—the uneasy alliance"
to "Economic Data Issues" in the selected bibliography.
6. See with Dale W. Jorgenson, "The Explanation of Productivity Change"
in the selected bibliography.
7. For a reprint of the debate and additional comments by the participants, see with Dale W. Jorgenson, "The Explanation of Productivity Change"
and "Issues in Growth Accounting" in the selected bibliography.

l6

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

At the micro level, Griliches' research focused on
hedonic price indexes and quality change, output of
hard-to-measure sectors, and the problem of correctly
accounting for the introduction of new goods. His
pioneering 1961 paper on hedonic prices indexes for
automobiles for the Stigler Commission was the catalyst for the subsequent extensive literature on the
subject.8 Throughout his career Griliches continued to
be a major force in the field of hedonics, which allow
the use of "regression techniques to relate the prices of
different 'models' or versions of a commodity to differences in their characteristics, 'qualities,' and discover
thereby the relative valuation of such qualities... " 9
BEA now uses hedonic-type price indexes to deflate a
variety of key components of GDP. Of these, the most
widely known is the index for computers and other peripheral equipment, which was originally constructed
by a BEA and IBM consortium and is now constructed
by BLS and embedded in their consumer price indexes
(CPI'S) and producer price indexes (PPI'S). 10 BEA also
uses hedonic price indexes for other high-tech products, such as semiconductors, prepackaged software,
and telecommunications equipment.11 The components of personal consumption expenditures (PCE'S)
are primarily deflated using CPI'S, which are adjusted
for quality change using a combination of hedonics
and other methods. For PCE, hedonic CPI'S include
those for televisions, apparel, rent, and used cars.12
Hedonics are also used by the Census Bureau in calculating price indexes for single-family and multifamily
structures that are used by BEA in the preparation of
estimates of real gross private domestic investment.13
Without the introduction of hedonics that was championed by Griliches, BEA'S measure of real GDP would
be significantly different.
In addition, Griliches also worried about difficultto-measure sectors, particularly the service sectors.
He highlighted the importance of focusing on these
sectors, prompting BEA to help sponsor a Brookings
Institution workshop series on measurement in these
sectors. As part of the recent comprehensive revision of the national income and product accounts,
BEA introduced improved estimates of the real value
of unpriced bank services, BEA is currently developing estimates of gross output for a number of
8. See "Hedonic Price Indexes for Automobiles: An Econometric Analysis
of Quality Change" in the selected bibliography.
9. See "Hedonic Price Indexes and the Measurement of Capital and
Productivity: Some Historical Reflections" in the selected bibliography.
10. Rosanne Cole, Y.C. Chen, Joan A. Barquin-Stolleman, Ellen Dulberger,
Nurhan Helvacian, and James H. Hodge, "Quality-Adjusted Price Indexes
for Computer Processors and Selected Peripheral Equipment," SURVEY 66
(January 1986): 41-50.
n. Bruce T. Grimm, "Price Indexes for Selected Semiconductors,
1974-96," SURVEY 78 (February 1998): 8-24; for software, see Brent R.
Moulton, Robert P. Parker, and Eugene P. Seskin, "A Preview of the 1999
Comprehensive Revision of the National Income and Product Accounts:
Definitional and Classificational Changes," SURVEY 79 (August 1999): 7-20.
12. Kenneth J. Stewart and Stephen B. Reed, "CPI Research Series Using
Current Methods, 1978-98," Monthly Labor Review 122 (June 1999): 29-38.
13. Frank de Leeuw, "A Price Index for New Multifamily Housing," SURVEY
73 (February 1993): 33-42.




additional industries and expects to examine the measurement of activities in other service industries, such
as insurance.14
Most recently, Griliches, along with Ernst Berndt,
was researching the measurement problems arising
from the introduction of new goods. This research,
partly funded by BEA, emphasized the introduction of
computers that embody new technologies and of other
new products such as pharmaceuticals.
Griliches' work on various committees is a major part of his legacy to economic measurement. In
1995-96, the most recent of his frequent involvements
in reviews of measurement problems, he served on
the U.S. Senate Finance Committee's Advisory Commission to Study the Consumer Price Index.15 Earlier,
Griliches had served on several National Academy Sciences committees: The Committee on Ability Testing
in 1978-82, the Committee on National Statistics in
1979-82, and the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy in 1984-88. For the American
Economic Association, he was a member of the U.S.
Census Advisory Committee in 1970-72 and in 1981-83
and a member of the Committee on the Quality of
Economic Statistics in 1988-89. In addition, he served
on the Secretary of Commerce's Advisory Committee
on Industrial Innovation in 1978-80, on the Statistics
Canada Price Measurement Advisory Committee in
1995, and on the Executive Committee of the Conference on Research in Income and Wealth beginning in
1978. Most recently, he was asked to serve on the new
BEA Advisory Committee, which is now being formed.
The full extent of Griliches' impact on economic
measurement may be difficult to assess because many
economists have been influenced by his research and
by direct interaction with him. For example, Griliches
was an omnipresent force at the NBER Productivity
Meetings. He could be depended upon to astutely
assess the strengths and weaknesses of any paper or
research proposal, including his own. Typically, he
would smile broadly and then offer comments that
would spark critical debate. Arguably, it was through
these meetings that he exerted the greatest effect on
the research programs and agendas undertaken by
those from both within and outside the Harvard
community.
Griliches' presence and his advice will be sorely
missed, but his influence on economic measurement
will continue through the researchers he has trained
to value data and measurement methodology.

14. Brent R. Moulton and Eugene P. Seskin, "A Preview of the 1999 Comprehensive Revision of the National Income and Product Accounts: Statistical
Changes," SURVEY 79 (October 1999): 6-17.
15. Michael Boskin, Ellen Dulberger, Robert Gordon, and Dale W. Jorgenson, Final Report of the Advisory Commission to Study the Consumer Price
Index (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, December 1996):
104-172.

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Selected Bibliography of Zvi Griliches

"Productivity, R&D and the Data Constraint."
American Economic Review 84 (1994): 1—23.

"Comments"

In New Developments

in

Produc-

tivity Analysis. Studies in Income and Wealth,
edited by Edwin Dean, Michael Harper, and Charles
Hulten.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
for the National Bureau of Economic Research,
forthcoming.
"Data and econometricians—the uneasy alliance" in
"Economic Data Issues" In Handbook of Economet-

rics, vol. 3. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing
Company, 1986.
"Hedonic Price Indexes for Automobiles: An
Econometric Analysis of Quality Change." In The
Price Statistics of the Federal Government.

National

Bureau of Economic Research General Series, no. 73.
New York: National Bureau of Economic Research,
1961.
"Hedonic Price Indexes and the Measurement
of Capital and Productivity: Some Historical Reflections"

In Fifty Years of Economic

Measure-

ment. Studies in Income and Wealth, vol. 54,
edited by Ernst R. Berndt and Jack E. Triplett,
85-206.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
for the National Bureau of Economic Research,
1990.
"Hybrid Corn: An Exploration in the Economics
of Technological Change " Econometrica 25 (October
1957): 501-522.
Studies

in Income and Wealth, vol. 28, 381-418. Princeton:
Princeton University Press, 1964.




in Productivity Measurement. Studies in Income and

Wealth, vol. 44, edited by John W. Kendrick and
Beatrice N. Vaccara, 419-454. Chicago: University of
Chicago Press, for the National Bureau of Economic
Research, 1980.
With Ernst R. Berndt and Neal Rappaport. "Econometric Estimates of Prices Indexes for Personal Computers in the 1990^." Journal of Econometrics 68 (1995):
243-268.
With Iain Cockburn. "Generics and New Goods
in Pharmaceutical Price Indexes." American Economic
Review 84 (1994)- 1213-32.
With Dale W. Jorgenson. "The Explanation of Productivity Change " Review ofEconomic Studies 34 (July

1967): 249-283. Reprinted in the SURVEY OF CURRENT
BUSINESS 49, Part 11 (May 1969) and in the SURVEY
52, Part 11 (May 1972).
With Dale W. Jorgenson. "Issues in Growth Accounting: A Reply to Edward F. Denison" and "Final
Reply." In The Measurement of Productivity.
OF CURRENT BUSINESS

SURVEY

52, Part 11 (May 1972).

Editor. Output Measurement in the Service Sectors.

Studies in Income and Wealth, vol. 56. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press, for the National Bureau
of Economic Research, 1992.
Editor.

"Notes on the Measurement of Price and Quality
Changes," In Models of Income Determination.

"Returns to Research and Development Expenditures in the Private Sector." In New Developments

Price Indexes

and

Quality

Change.

Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971.
Editor,

R&D, Patents, and Productivity.

Chicago:

University of Chicago Press, for the National Bureau
of Economic Research, 1984. £g|

1J

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SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

Real Inventories, Sales, and Inventory-Sales Ratios
for Manufacturing and Trade, 1977:1-1999:111
THIS REPORT PRESENTS revised estimates of real inventories, sales, and inventory-sales (I-S) ratios for
manufacturing and trade, quarterly beginning with
1977 and monthly beginning with 1997.1 I-S ratios are
used to assess the likelihood that businesses will add
to (or reduce) inventories in response to changes in
demand. Variations and trends in I-S ratios are closely
monitored by business cycle analysts and economic
forecasters.
The inventories used in computing I-S ratios are
on a "pre-last-in-first out," or "pre-LiFO," basis from
data reported to the Bureau of Census and on a
current-dollar replacement-cost basis and a real basis,
as estimated by BEA as part of the gross domestic product (GDP) estimates. The Census Bureau's estimates
are based on inventories reported by companies, which
use a variety of accounting methods, BEA'S currentdollar estimates are based on a revaluation of the
Census Bureau's estimates to a consistent replacement-

cost basis; BEA'S real estimates are based on inventories
that are valued in chained (1996) dollars.
Tables 1, 2, and 3 show chain-weighted quarterly
and monthly estimates of real inventories, sales, and
I-S ratios, respectively.2 Table 4 shows manufacturing
inventories by stage of fabrication. These estimates
supplement the quarterly current-dollar and real ratios of inventories to final sales for domestic business,
nonfarm business, and goods and structures that are
presented in tables 5.12 and 5.13 of the national income
and product accounts (NIPA'S), as well as the Census
Bureau's monthly inventory, sales, and I-S ratios for
manufacturing and trade series.
The inventory estimates for manufacturing, merchant wholesalers, and retailers that are presented in
this report are those that were released as part of
the comprehensive revision of the NIPA'S in October
1999; they also appear in NIPA tables 5.12 and 5.13 in
this issue. The sales estimates incorporate the Census

1. This set of tables was last published in the October 1998 issue of the
SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS.

2. "Real" estimates are in chained (1996) dollars.

Real Inventory-Sales Ratios for Manufacturing and Trade

111111IIII111111111111,1111111111,111

1.3
1977

78

79

80

01

82

83

84

US. Department of Commerce, Suraaw of Economic Analysis ..




BB

86

87

II1111111111,111111111111111111111111IIIII
01

92

03

94

06

97

98

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Bureau series available at the time of the release of the
comprehensive revision.
The revisions to the inventory and sales estimates
primarily reflect the incorporation of the following
new source data and methodology:
• Revised prices and unit labor costs;
• For real inventories, incorporation of BEA'S semiconductor price index and an improved price
index for computer parts;
• Revised wholesale and retail trade data benchmarked to preliminary estimates from the 1997
Censuses of Wholesale Trade and Retail Trade;
• A shift in base period from 1992 to 1996;
• Updated commodity weights (information on
commodity inventories within each type of business) and turnover periods (average time that
inventories are held by businesses) used in
calculating inventory prices; and
• Updated commodity distribution of retail sales
derived using preliminary estimates from the 1997
Census of Retail Trade by kind of business and
final estimates of merchandise line sales from the
1992 Census of Retail Trade.
The revisions to the I-S ratios for manufacturing
and trade were small for 1977-99 (chart 1).3 The
3. For 1959-76, the revisions were somewhat larger. These revisions reflected price corrections that resulted in upward revisions to sales that more
than offset upward revisions to inventories.

January 2000 •

19

shift in base period from 1992 to 1996 resulted in upward revisions to both sales and inventories of about
equal percentage magnitude. (Changing to a more recent base period usually raises the level of the "real"
measures.) The revisions primarily reflect the incorporation of the new (or improved) source data and
methodology listed above.4
Table A compares the revised ratios for 1981-98 with
some other available I-S ratios. All of the currentdollar I-S ratios in table A show a clear downtrend
from their 1981-82 recession peaks. By the late 1990's,
the ratios are at historically low levels.
The real ratios present a mixed picture. The ratios for domestic business and nonfarm business also
show a declining trend, albeit a more moderate one
than that for the current-dollar ratios. In contrast, the
ratio for nonfarm inventories to final sales of goods
and structures and the ratio for manufacturing and
trade inventories to sales appear to follow a more cyclical pattern, reaching peaks in the recession periods of
1981-82 and 1990-91.
Tables 1 through 4 follow. 0
4. For details on the effects of the definitional and classificational revisions, see Brent R. Moulton, Robert P. Parker, and Eugene P. Seskin, "A
Preview of the 1999 Comprehensive Revision of the National Income and
Product Accounts: Definitional and Classificational Changes," SURVEY 79
(August 1999): 7-20; and Eugene P. Seskin, "Improved Estimates of the
National Income and Product Accounts for 1959-98: Results of the Comprehensive Revision," SURVEY 79 (December 1999): 15-43. For details on the
statistical revisions, see Brent R. Moulton and Eugene P. Seskin, "A Preview
of the 1999 Comprehensive Revision of the National Income and Product
Accounts: Statistical Changes," SURVEY 79 (October 1999): 6-17.

Table A.—Alternative Inventory-Sales Ratios: Fourth Quarters, 1981-98
1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

Based on current dollars
Using replacement-cost private inventories (NIPA table 5.12):
Inventories to final sales of domestic business
Nonfarm inventories to final sales of domestic business
Nonfarm inventories to final sales of goods and structures ...
Using pre-LIFO inventories (Census Bureau):
Manufacturing and trade *

3.21
2.74
4.46

2.99
2.59
4.21

3.03
2.64
4.31

2.85
2.50
4.17

2.64
2.34
3.94

2.68
2.39
4.08

2.65
2.37
4.07

2.62
2.35
4.06

2.60
2.34
4.11

2.46
2.24
4.03

2.36
2.13
3.85

2.30
2.09
3.79

2.34
2.13
3.86

2.33
2.15
3.91

2.25
2.06
3.76

2.22
2.04
3.73

2.14
1.99
3.61

1.68

3.39
2.92
4.59

1.50

1.56

1.55

1.52

1.50

1.48

1.54

1.54

1.52

1.45

1.44

1.40

1.43

1.39

1.37

1.38

E
Based on chained (1996) dollar 3
Using real private inventories (NIPA table 5.13):
Inventories to final sales of domestic business
Nonfarm inventories to final sales of domestic business
Nonfarm inventories to final sales of goods and structures ...
Manufacturing and trade

2.72
2.36
4.25

2.66
2.28
4.18

2.48
2.18
3.94

2.55
2.25
4.02

2.51
2.19
3.98

2.43
2.13
3.86

2.43
2.16
3.95

2.36
2.14
3.90

2.37
2.15
3.92

2.39
2.17
4.00

2.38
2.16
4.06

2.30
2.08
3.89

2.28
2.09
3.85

2.33
2.12
3.89

2.31
2.13
3.88

2.26
2.07
3.77

2.29
2.10
3.80

2.30
2.12
3.77

1.53

1.52

1.39

1.46

1.45

1.40

1.42

1.41

1.46

1.51

1.48

1.43

1.42

1.39

1.40

1.37

1.37

1.36

1. Inventory book values published by the Census Bureau include last-in, first-out (UFO) reserve and are valued
NOTE.—Tl ._.... _,
.,
_._ _
#
at current cost. See Census Bureau release, "Manufacturing and Trade: Inventories and Sales."
rates, with the exception of the current-dollar ratios for manufacturing and trade, which <
of the monthly ratios published by the Census Bureau.




sales at monthly

20

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 1.—Real Manufacturing and Trade Inventories, Seasonally Adjusted, End of Period
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
1977

1981

578.0

•

Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods l
NortQurflulG ooocfs
*
«.
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2
Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
.
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers 3
Other durable goods 3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods

584.4

594.6

601.1

611.8

621.9

627.6

639.4

647.0

655.4

657.3

660.1

665.2

667.8

663.4

662.8

671.5

677.5

679.3

310.1

Manufacturing and trade
Manufacturing
UUfclulG QOOuS

1979

1978

312.4

316.5

317.9

319.3

323.9

327.8

332.5

335.8

339.5

342.0

345.3

350.4

351.9

346.3

345.7

349.3

349.2

351.8

350.3

189.7
31.7
26.0
29.4
18.1
49.0
16.1
32.1
39.4

190.1
31.8
26.2
29.4
18.8
48.3
16.7
30.7
39.5

192.1
31.6
26.9
29.4
19.1
49.5
17.1
31.4
39.7

193.3
31.0
26.9
30.2
19.6
49.3
17.2
31.2
40.1

195.3
29.8
27.4
30.9
20.3
49.8
17.1
31.7
40.7

199.2
30.3
27.8
31.8
21.2
50.6
17.3
32.4
40.9

202.3
30.7
28.0
32.4
21.7
51.4
17.8
32.6
41.5

205.9
31.0
28.1
33.6
22.0
52.6
17.8
33.9
42.0

209.8
29.9
28.6
34.5
22.8
54.8
19.3
34.4
42.7

213.6
30.4
28.9
35.3
23.4
56.1
18.8
36.4
43.0

215.5
30.7
28.8
36.1
24.0
56.9
18.5
37.5
42.5

219.0
31.2
28.7
36.9
25.0
57.8
17.2
39.9
42.7

221.1
30.8
28.8
37.6
25.6
58.0
16.2
41.2
43.3

221.7
31.5
28.1
38.5
25.5
57.4
15.1
41.8
43.3

218.7
30.1
27.5
38.6
25.3
56.6
14.3
42.0
42.8

219.0
30.2
27.9
38.5
25.3
56.5
14.2
41.9
43.0

221.2
31.5
27.4
38.6
25.8
57.0
13.9
42.8
43.2

220.4
31.0
27.1
38.4
26.3
56.5
13.4
42.8
43.3

222.7
32.1
27.3
39.0
26.8
55.7
13.2
42.3
43.7

220.9
32.6
26.9
39.1
26.5
54.2
12.3
41.7
43.1

120.2
29.5
9.7

26.2
9.5
9.6
35.5

122.3
30.2
9.8
26.6
10.0
9.7
35.8

124.5
30.7
10.0
27.4
10.2
9.9
35.9

124.6
29.4
10.0
27.9
10.4
10.0
36.7

123.7
28.9
10.0
28.1
9.9
10.1
36.6

124.4
29.0
10.2
28.4
9.7
10.2
36.9

125.0
29.2
10.3
28.7
9.6
10.4
36.9

126.0
29.5
10.2
28.9
9.8
10.5
37.0

125.0
29.7
10.1
28.1
9.2
10.6
37.3

124.6
30.2
10.3
27.8
9.1
10.7
36.6

125.2
30.0
10.2
28.0
9.6
10.7
36.6

124.8
30.0
10.4
28.1
9.9
10.4
35.8

128.0
30.4
10.8
29.3
10.4
10.5
36.4

128.9
30.2
11.1
29.6
10.8
10.0
36.6

126.3
29.9
11.0
28.5
10.8
9.7
35.8

125.2
29.5
10.8
28.7
10.4
9.9
35.5

126.7
29.9
11.0
28.9
10.6
10.0
35.9

127.4
30.1
10.9
29.4
10.8
10.1
35.5

127.7
30.3
11.1
29.5
10.4
10.3
35.9

128.1
30.0
11.2
29.7
10.4
10.1
36.5

112.3

114.6

118.3

121.5

127.4

130.5

131.4

135.3

139.3

140.5

142.3

142.5

143.8

146.0

148.5

149.4

151.8

150.5

150.9

153.1

72.3
39.5
17.5
21.9

73.9
40.2
17.9
22.2

75.8
42.0
18.7
23.1

78.0
43.0
19.6
23.1

81.9
44.9
20.5
24.2

84.3
45.7
20.4
25.1

85.3
45.5
19.5
25.9

88.0
46.7
19.2
27.4

90.0
48.7
19.8
28.9

90.5
49.4
20.7
28.7

92.4
49.3
20.5
28.8

92.4
49.5
20.3
29.2

93.4
49.8
20.0
29.8

95.2
50.2
20.2
30.0

95.4
52.4
21.1
31.3

97.4
51.3
20.0
31.3

98.7
52.4
20.0
32.4

100.1
49.8
18.5
31.3

99.5
50.8
18.6
32.2

100.6
51.8
19.1
32.7

147.6

149.5

151.9

153.9

157.9

160.2

160.9

164.1

164.4

167.9

165.2

164.1

162.2

161.1

160.3

159.5

160.3

163.8

166.7

168.4

82.4
45.3
37.3
65.7
15.2
50.4

83.5
46.4
37.4
66.4
15.4
50.9

85.6
48.0
38.0
66.8
15.4
51.4

87.2
49.8
37.9
67.3
15.5
51.8

90.0
50.3
40.0
70.7
15.6
55.2

90.0
49.8
40.4
71.5
15.7
55.8

93.1
53.2
40.5
71.6
15.6
56.0

94.6
55.0
40.4
70.5
15.7
54.8

97.6
58.2
40.4
71.1
15.6
55.6

94.7
55.0
40.4
71.3
16.2
55.0

92.8
53.3
40.1
71.9
16.5
55.4

90.2
50.4
40.1
72.6
16.6
55.9

87.3
47.3
40.1
74.2
17.2
57.0

85.3
45.5
39.7
75.3
16.9
58.4

84.7
45.4
39.3
75.1
17.2
57.9

84.0
38.6
44.9
76.5
18.0
58.5

86.9
41.6
45.1
77.1
17.9
59.2

87.4
41.7
45.5
79.5
18.6
60.9

87.7
41.2
46.2
80.8
18.7
62.1

51.2
39.0
15.5
53.3

1983

1982

1984

1985

1986

657.5

648.3

650.6

707.4

724.8

736.1

737.4

741.6

744.0

751.5

758.9

762.6

761.5

759.2

346.8

342.6

340.6

334.6

325.7

327.2

330.1

334.2

340.9

352.1

361.9

363.2

361.0

360.7

358.5

356.9

355.1

355.4

352.6

353.1

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods'

217.1
32.2
26.4
38.7
25.9
52.8
11.8
40.8
42.5

216.0
30.4
26.3
38.6
25.8
53.7
11.7
41.9
42.5

213.7
29.5
26.0
37.7
25.6
54.3
11.4
42.9
42.3

208.3
28.0
24.3
36.2
25.3
55.4
10.9
44.5
41.4

201.4
26.5
23.8
34.9
24.6
52.7
10.9
41.8
40.9

202.3
26.4
24.1
34.7
25.1
52.7
11.3
41.4
41.4

202.7
25.9
24.5
34.4
25.2
52.6
11.7
40.9
42.1

206.1
26.1
24.7
34.3
26.4
54.2
12.5
41.6
42.9

210.4
26.4
25.1
34.4
26.8
56.6
13.0
43.6
43.9

217.7
27.2
25.5
35.4
27.6
59.5
13.2
46.2
45.2

225.1
27.6
25.8
36.3
28.8
62.9
13.7
49.2
46.6

228.1
26.7
26.1
36.8
29.4
64.2
13.8
50.3
47.6

227.0
25.5
25.8
36.7
29.3
63.4
13.6
49.8
48.3

226.8
24.8
25.3
36.6
29.3
63.9
13.7
50.1
48.9

225.5
24.3
25.3
36.1
28.7
64.3
13.8
50.4
49.2

222.4
23.5
25.9
35.2
27.8
63.3
13.6
49.7
49.2

221.2
23.0
25.7
34.9
27.4
63.7
13.3
50.4
49.2

220.4
22.7
26.0
34.3
27.5
63.3
13.1
50.2
49.4

218.6
21.6
25.9
34.1
27.4
62.4
12.7
49.7
49.6

217.2
21.9
25.8
33.9
26.8
61.1
12.9
48.2
50.1

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

128.6
29.2
11.5
29.6
11.2
9.8
36.3

125.3
28.5
11.4
28.9
10.1
9.7
36.5

125.7
29.3
11.5
28.4
10.6
9.5
36.0

125.4
29.6
11.3
27.7
10.9
9.4
35.7

123.6
29.2
11.2
27.3
10.9
9.2
34.9

124.2
28.5
11.3
27.5
10.6
9.5
36.3

127.0
28.9
11.4
28.1
10.9
9.7
37.3

127.4
28.7
11.7
28.7
10.4
9.9
37.9

129.9
29.0
11.8
29.4
10.7
10.2
38.4

133.7
29.1
12.2
31.0
11.0
10.7
39.3

135.9
28.9
12.7
32.1
11.1
10.8
40.1

133.7
28.9
12.8
31.3
10.6
10.6
39.6

132.6
28.9
13.1
30.8
10.3
10.6
39.0

132.4
29.0
12.9
31.4
10.1
10.6
38.6

131.5
29.3
12.7
31.7
8.9
10.8
38.8

133.5
29.4
12.9
31.3
10.0
10.9
39.2

132.9
29.1
13.0
31.2
9.5
11.1
39.3

134.2
29.1
13.1
31.7
10.6
11.0
39.0

133.2
28.9
13.2
31.4
10.3
10.8
38.7

135.5
29.2
13.2
32.3
11.0
11.0
38.9

151.5

154.5

153.5

151.7

150.5

147.2

149.9

152.6

156.7

159.4

165.7

168.2

171.0

172.9

174.7

176.9

180.2

183.1

188.5

185.9

100.8
50.0
18.6
31.5

102.1
51.7
19.4
32.4

101.1
51.7
19.5
32.2

98.3
52.8
21.4
31.7

95.7
54.3
22.0
32.5

93.7
53.1
21.2
32.0

95.3
54.1
22.8
31.5

97.5
54.6
22.0
32.8

100.6
55.5
22.3
33.4

102.7
56.1
22.1
34.2

106.8
58.3
23.2
35.4

108.9
58.6
23.4
35.4

109.9
60.5
24.3
36.5

110.6
61.8
24.4
37.5

110.7
63.5
25.9
37.9

111.8
64.7
27.3
37.7

113.6
66.2
28.1
38.5

116.1
66.5
28.0
38.9

118.7
69.4
29.0
40.8

116.5
69.1
27.9
41.5

164.1

164.4

167.6

164.5

166.4

170.7

174.0

177.9

187.2

190.6

191.3

199.7

201.0

203.8

207.3

215.1

221.7

222.3

218.9

218.5

84.4
38.7
45.2
79.9
18.8
61.1

84.2
39.3
44.5
80.3
18.6
61.7

87.5
42.7
44.7
80.3
18.4
61.8

84.1
38.6
45.1
80.6
18.9
61.7

85.4
39.2
45.8
81.1
18.9
62.3

87.6
40.3
46.9
83.2
19.2
64.0

89.4
41.4
47.6
84.7
20.0
64.7

91.9
43.2
48.3
86.2
19.7
66.5

96.7
46.7
49.7
90.6
19.8
70.9

97.7
46.3
51.0
93.1
20.4
72.7

96.8
45.2
51.2
94.7
20.4
74.3

103.2
50.3
52.7
96.7
21.1
75.6

104.2
50.4
53.6
96.9
21.4
75.5

106.2
52.0
54.1
97.8
22.0
75.8

107.4
51.8
55.3
100.1
22.5
77.6

114.0
58.4
55.6
101.4
23.1
78.3

118.9
61.8
57.2
103.1
23.5
79.6

119.6
62.0
57.6

114.7
55.9
58.5
104.4
23.6

114.1
56.7
57.2
104.7
23.5
81.2

Manufacturing and trade
ManufacturinQ

Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers 3
Other durable goods 3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods
See footnotes at the end of the table.




670.3

670.0

103.0
23.3
79.7

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

21

Table 1.—Real Manufacturing and Trade Inventories, Seasonally Adjusted, End of Period—Continued
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
1987

802.7

811.7

820.1

830.0

841.5

8515

855.0

862.4

864.4

873.3

879.3

878.2

873.8

868.2

870.9

365.0

368.6

371.3

378.5

383.3

389.0

392.4

3927

396.8

398.7

401.7

401.6

400.4

396.1

394.9

394.9

219.4
21.2
26.0
33.9
27.2
62.6
13.0
49.6
50.9

222.4
21.6
26.0
34.6
27.6
63.8
13.2
50.5
51.2

224.5
22.2
26.0
35.2
27.3
65.0
13.1
51.9
51.2

226.7
21.9
26.0
35.8
27.2
67.5
13.2
54.3
50.9

229.0
22.5
26.6
36.6
27.4
67.4
13.0
54.4
51.1

234.5
22.9
26.7
37.2
27.9
69.6
13.2
56.4
52.7

238.8
23.4
27.1
37.8
28.0
71.7
13.5
58.2
53.5

242.0
24.0
26.8
38.3
28.0
73.4
13.5
60.0
54.1

243.8
23.9
27.2
38.5
28.5
74.3
13.6
60.7
54.1

244.6
23.7
26.7
38.7
29.0
76.6
13.2
63.5
53.0

246.8
23.4
27.0
38.7
29.2
77.6
12.9
64.8
53.9

248.0
23.5
26.5
38.8
29.1
79.3
13.3
66.2
54.1

249.6
23.8
26.5
38.6
29.1
80.5
13.3
67.3
54.6

249.4
23.7
26.3
38.4
28.7
81.8
13.9
68.0
54.2

247.0
23.9
26.2
38.6
28.3
80.6
13.8
66.9
53.1

243.4
23.6
25.5
38.1
28.1
78.8
13.4
65.5
527

242.0
23.4
25.4
38.0
280
77.8
13.5
64.5
52.9

240.1
23.1
25.5
37.5
28.0
75.9
13.6
62.4
53.4

136.0
30.2
13.7
31.2
10.3
11.1
39.8

137.1
30.2
13.6
31.6
10.7
11.3
39.7

138.8
30.2
13.7
32.4
11.2
11.3
40.1

140.2
30.2
13.5
33.1
11.8
11.4
40.4

141.5
30.7
13.5
32.8
11.9
11.6
41.1

141.8
30.0
13.8
33.4
11.7
11.9
41.2

143.4
30.9
14.1
34.0
11.5
12.0
41.0

143.5
30.8
13.9
34.9
11.6
12.4
40.1

146.1
31.2
14.3
35.6
12.1
12.4
40.6

147.7
31.9
14.6
36.1
11.7
12.6
40.9

147.2
32.3
14.6
35.6
11.3
12.4
41.0

149.0
32.3
14.7
357
12.4
12.4
41.5

149.8
32.5
14.9
36.3
12.1
12.7
41,3

151.2
33.5
14.8
36.7
11.7
13.0
41.5

151.4
33.5
14.9
37.2
11.7
13.2
41.0

152.6
33.6
15.3
37.8
11.9
13.2
40.9

152.2
33.4
15.1
377
12.3
13.3
40.5

152.4
33.8
15.1
37.7
12.4
13.3
40.3

154.5
34.2
15.6
38.1
12.4
13.4
41.0

186.8

189.4

189.3

194.5

199.2

201.9

204.8

203.1

202.4

205.8

206.0

207.0

208.3

211.9

214.5

215.2

217.4

215.2

216.1

220.4

117.2
69.3
27.5
42.0

119.4
69.6
27.9
41.9

118.1
71.0
28.6
427

121.5
72.8
28.7
44.3

125.0
73.9
29.1
45.0

124.2
77.8
31.8
46.2

128.2
76.4
31.0
45.6

126.9
76.0
29.6
46.6

126.9
75.2
28.3
47.1

129.7
75.8
27.7
48.1

129.3
76.4
27.7
48.7

129.1
77.8
29.6
48.2

130.0
78.1
29.5
48.7

131.4
80.4
29.8
50.6

133.5
80.9
30.3
50.6

132.8
82.3
32.0
50.6

134.2
83.3
32.4
51.1

131.4
84.0
32.5
51.6

130.7
85.6
34.1
51.8

133.9
867
33.6
53.3

228.5

233.5

232.4

239.7

237.6

240.4

243.3

247.4

255.0

255.6

255.4

261.9

258.1

261.7

262.0

260.2

254.7

255.9

259.0

260.8

122.9
65.6
57.5

126.2
66.6
59.8
107.5
23.8
83.8

124.4
64.3
60.2
108.3
23.5
84.8

130.4
68.5
62.0
109.6
23.5
86.2

126.6
63.5
63.0
111.3
24.2
87.0

129.4
65.9
63.5
111.3
24.4
86.9

131.6
66.9
64.7
111.9
24.5
87.4

135.9
70.6
65.4
111.8
24.8
87.0

141.8
76.3
65.8
113.6
24.9
88.7

139.8
73.5
66.4
116.2
25.3
90.9

138.0
70.2
67.7
117.7
25.8
92.0

143.3
75.6
67.9
118.9
26.3
927

139.2
70.3
68.9
119.1
26.4
92.8

142.3
727
69.6
1197
26.8
93.0

143.4
74.5
68.9
119.0
27.0
92.1

142.0
74.0
68.1
118.6
27.1
91.5

135.3
68.3
66.9
119.5
27.5
92.1

135.8
69.1
66.7

138.1
71.0
67.1
121.1
27.4
937

136.9
69.8
67.1

777.9

353.1

354.2

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods1

216.8
21.0
26.1
33.7
27.0
61.2
12.9
48.2
50.2

217.8
20.8
25.8
34.1
27.1
61.3
12.9
48.4
50.7

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

136.1
29.5
13.7
31.6
10.6
11.0
39.8

Merchant wholesalers

.

Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers3
Other durable goods3
Nondurable oooos
Food stores
Other nondurable goods '.

«
•

105.9
23.8
82.2

779.5

1992

902.9

907.7

911.1

917.2

932.7

943.3

958.8

974.2

985.3

992.7

996.4

394.6

393.7

396.4

399.5

402.1

405.8

411.1

415.0

418.1

419.9

424.2

423.3

426.8

430.0

232.5
22.6
25.6
37.8
29.1
66.2
13.8
52.4
53.3

234.1
22.7
25.3
38.8
29.6
66.3
14.0
52.3
53.3

235.7
23.0
25.7
39.9
29.8
65.8
14.2
51.7
53.3

236.0
23.2
25.4
41.0
30.2
64.6
14.5
50.1
53.2

238.0
22.9
25.2
42.5
31.1
64.1
14.5
49.6
53.4

240.7
22.9
25.5
43.5
32.1
64.8
15.0
49.8
53.1

242.2
228
26.0
44.6
33.2
63.5
15.2
48.3
53.1

244.9
23.1
26.3
45.6
34.3
63.2
157
47.5
53.2

248.0
23.1
26.9
47.9
35.7
617
15.8
45.9
53.3

250.3
23.3
27.3
49.2
36.4
60.5
15.8
44.6
54.2

253.2
23.0
27.1
50.6
37.9
59.8
15.5
44.3
55.0

255.6
22.8
26.7
527
38.6
58.9
15.8
43.1
56.0

259.5
23.2
27.2
54.4
387
59.6
16.3
43.3
56.5

260.1
23.2
27.0
54.2
39.4
59.5
15.7
43.8
56.8

263.3
23.6
27.6
54.7
39.8
59.8
15.8
44.0
57.8

265.1
23.9
28.0
54.4
40.2
61.0
15.8
45.2
57.6

158.3
35.2
157
39.5
12.2
13.8
42.0

158.7
35.1
15.8
39.6
12.2
13.7
42.4

159.7
35.5
15.6
39.5
12.1
13.9
43.0

159.2
34.7
15.6
39.8
11.9
14.0
43.2

158.0
34.5
15.6
39.5
11.8
14.0
42.6

158.6
34.4
15.6
397
12.0
14.2
42.6

159.0
34.9
15.8
39.6
11.8
14.2
42.7

160.0
35.6
157
39.4
12.0
14.7
42.7

161.0
35.4
15.4
39.8
12.4
14.9
43.1

163.2
35.9
15.6
39.7
12.6
15.3
44.2

1647
35.9
16.0
40.7
12.6
15.3
44.2

165.0
36.1
16.1
41.3
12.2
15.2
44.1

164.3
36.3
16.1
41.1
12.3
15.2
43.2

164.6
36.3
16.5
41.4
12.4
15.5
42.5

163.2
357
16.4
41.5
12.2
15.5
41.8

163.5
36.1
16.5
41.8
12.1
157
41.3

164.8
36.7
16.3
42.2
12.0
15.8
41.8

224.8

229.5

230.8

232.3

235.1

236.3

235.8

240.7

245.0

251.5

256.1

258.9

261.8

262.9

263.0

264.5

262.9

265.4

136.5
88.4
33.8
54.8

138.3
91.6
35.1
56.6

138.9
92.3
35.7
56.8

139.2
93.4
36.0
57.7

141.1
94.4
34.6
59.8

142.4
94.2
34.9
59.4

142.1
94.0
34.8
59.3

146.7
94.2
34.5
59.7

149.6
95.6
34.5
61.1

153.6
98.1
35.6
62.5

157.5
98.7
34.9
63.8

159.8
99.2
34.6
64.5

161.4
100.5
36.5
63.9

164.5
98.4
35.1
63.2

165.1
97.8
35.0
62.7

165.9
98.6
34.2
64.3

167.7
95.1
31.4
63.7

168.1
97.3
322
65.0

262.2

262.9

265.4

275.1

277.1

277.8

280.8

284.8

292.3

296.1

301.4

307.0

311.4

312.7

313.6

309.9

313.8

319.6

321.0

137.9
71.3
667

137.2
70.8
66.4

144.6
76.8
68.0

147.8
75.4
72.4
133.1
28.0
105.1

151.6
78.4
73.2
133.3
28.4
104.9

154.9
79.2
75.8

125.8
27.4
98.4

146.1
77.7
68.6
131.1
27.7
103.4

145.4
75.6
69.9

124.4
27.4
97.1

138.2
71.3
67.0
127.2
27.6

157.9
80.7
77.1
138.3
28.7
109.5

161.7
83.1
78.6
139.7
28.8
110.9

166.0
86.7
79.3
141.0
28.8
112.2

169.1
88.5
80.6
142.4
28.9
113.5

169.9
87.2
82.7
142.9
29.2
113.6

171.1
88.9
82.2
142.5
29.3
113.1

168.1
84.9
83.2
141.9
29.2
112.6

171.9
88.1
83.8
142.0
29.2
112.8

176.1
91.9
84.2
143.6
29.4
114.1

176.1
91.5
84.6
144.9
29.7
115.1

877.4

880.7

390.7

392.5

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods'

237.4
229
25.6
37.2
28.3
73.3
13.6
59.8
53.2

235.5
22.8
257
37.4
28.5
70.2
13.7
56.6
53.6

235.0
22.9
26.0
38.2
28.7
68.0
14.2
53.8
53.5

232.3
22.5
25.5
38.3
28.7
66.2
13.6
52.6
53.1

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

154.9
34.4
15.7
38.3
12.2
13.1
41.2

155.2
34.7
15.7
38.3
12.1
13.2
41.2

157.7
35.3
15.9
39.0
12.2
13.4
42.0

221.1

224.0

132.8
88.6
33.9
54.8

135.6
88.6
34.0
54.8

259.7

136.3
70.2
66.1
123.5
27.2
96.3

Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
•

See footnotes at the end of the table.




•

123.9
27.6
96.4

393.3

885.4

873.8
•

120.2
27.6
92.6

1996

1995

392.4

Manufacturing and trade

DurdDiQ 0000$
Motor vehicle dealers3
Other durable goods 3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods

876.7

796.5
361.6

769.6

Manufacturing and trade
Manufacturing

Mdnuf&cturinci

1991

1990

130.6
27.8
102.8

132.5
28.0
104.5

137.4
28.5
108.9

997.1 1,001.7 1,009.4 1,016.4

22

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 1.—Real Manufacturing and Trade Inventories, Seasonally Adjusted, End of Period—Continued
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
1997

1997

Sep.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

1,135.6

1,145.3

1,044.2

1,048.1

1,049.2

1,055.7

1,061.8

1,066.7

1,071.0

1,075.8

1,085.2

June
Manufacturing and trade

1,026.8

1,044.2

1,055.7

1,071.0

1,092.2

1,101.0

1,116.8

1,127.4

1,134.0

July

Aug.

435.7

443.1

447.4

452.1

461.6

468.6

474.2

477.2

477.2

475.1

475.5

443.1

445.2

446.8

447.4

450.8

452.3

452.1

455.3

459.7

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods'

269.1
23.8
28.6
55.4
40.0
632
15.9
47.3
58.0

274.3
23.7
28.9
56.8
40.8
65.0
15.9
49.1
58.9

276.9
23.8
29.2
57.6
41.4
65.2
16.0
49.1
59.6

279.3
24.1
29.3
58.6
42.1
65.2
15.5
49.7
59.8

285.6
24.1
30.3
60.2
43.2
67.0
16.2
50.8
60.7

291.2
24.6
30.7
61.0
42.5
70.8
16.6
54.2
61.2

294.6
25.2
31.2
62.0
422
71.8
16.4
55.4
61.8

296.2
25.4
31.3
62.5
42.4
72.1
17.2
54.8
62.1

296.7
24.8
31.8
63.6
43.3
69.9
17.4
52.6
63.4

295.1
24.6
31.7
63.2
44.1
67.8
17.6
50.3
63.7

295.5
24.3
31.9
63.7
44.6
66.9
17.3
49.7
64.3

274.3
23.7
28.9
56.8
40.8
65.0
15.9
49.1
58.9

276.3
23.8
29.0
57.4
41.5
65.5
16.0
49.5
59.0

277.1
23.9
29.0
57.6
41.5
65.3
15.6
49.7
59.5

276.9
23.8
29.2
57.6
41.4
65.2
16.0
49.1
59.6

279.1
23.8
29.3
58.1
41.6
66.4
15.7
50.7
59.7

279.8
23.9
29.3
58.3
41.9
66.1
15.5
50.6
60.2

279.3
24.1
29.3
58.6
42.1
65.2
15.5
49.7
59.8

281.7
24.3
29.5
58.6
42.6
66.3
15.6
50.7
60.1

284.3
24.0
29.9
59.9
43.0
66.9
15.7
51.3
60.2

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

166.7
36.7
16.3
42.4
12.9
16.1
42.2

168.7
37.0
16.1
43.3
13.0
16.3
43.0

170.5
37.6
16.3
44.1
13.0
16.4
43.2

172.8
38.4
16.5
45.1
12.8
16.5
43.5

176.0
38.9
16.6
46.5
13.3
16.7
44.1

177.4
38.9
16.9
47.1
13.4
17.0
44.2

179.6
38.7
16.9
48.6
13.6
17.1
44.6

180.9
39.0
17.0
48.6
14.3
17.5
44.8

180.5
39.6
16.8
48.7
14.0
17.5
43.9

180.0
40.1
16.8
49.1
13.1
17.6
43.4

180.0
40.1
16.7
48.7
13.1
17.9
43.4

168.7
37.0
16.1
43.3
13.0
16.3
43.0

168.9
37.1
16.1
43.5
12.7
16.3
43.2

169.7
37.3
16.1
43.5
13.1
16.4
43.3

170.5
37.6
16.3
44.1
13.0
16.4
43.2

171.7
38.0
16.3
44.6
12.8
16.4
43.5

172.6
38.2
16.3
45.2
12.8
16.5
43.5

172.8
38.4
16.5
45.1
12.8
16.5
43.5

173.6
38.8
16.6
45.6
12.4
16.6
43.4

175.4
39.1
16.6
46.2
13.0
16.7
43.7

270.8

278.2

281.9

287.2

293.7

296.4

304.0

307.6

309.7

311.8

317.5

278.2

277.4

278.8

281.9

282.4

284.6

287.2

171.3
99.5
33.2
66.3

177.8
100.4
33.7

178.8
103.1
34.3
68.8

181.5
105.7
35.1
70.6

187.1
106.6
35.1
71.4

188.1
108.2
36.3
71.9

192.2
111.8
39.1
73.0

195.7
111.9
37.6
74.2

198.3
111.3
39.0
72.6

200.1
111.7
39.6
72.5

202.6
114.9
42.8
72.9

177.8
100.4
33.7

176.1
101.3
34.3
66.7

176.3
102.5
34.1
67.5

178.8
103.1
34.3
68.8

178.4
104.0
35.4
68.8

179.5
105.1
36.0

181.5
105.7
35.1
70.6

182.8
104.8
35.1
70.3

185.3
106.1
35.4
71.0

320.3

323.0

326.5

331.7

337.0

336.2

339.0

342.9

347.2

348.7

352.2

323.0

325.6

323.7

326.5

328.8

329.9

331.7

333.0

334.3

175.5
90.9
84.6
144.8
29.8
115.0

176.2
90.6
85.6

178.3
92.2
86.0
148.2
30.3
117.9

183.5
95.9
87.6
153.5
30.6
122.9

181.4
94.0
87.4
154.8
30.8

183.3
95.1
88.2
155.6
30.6
125.0

187.3
97.0
90.3
155.5
30.5
125.0

189.7
97.8
91.9
157.5
30.9
126.6

190.7
97.8
92.9
158.0
31.1
126.9

193.6
100.1
93.5
158.6
31.6
127.0

176.2
90.6
85.6
146.8
29.9

178.1
92.2
86.0
147.4
29.8
117.6

177.0
92.1
84.8

146.8
29.9

182.0
95.7
86.3
149.7
30.1
119.6

178.3
92.2
86.0
148.2
30.3
117.9

180.8
94.4
86.4
147.9
30.2
117.8

181.4
95.4
86.0
148.4
30.3
118.2

182.0
95.7
86.3
149.7
30.1
119.6

181.4
95.3
86.2
151.6
30.4
121.2

182.2
95.3
86.8
152.1
30.4
121.8

Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers 3
Other durable goods 3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods

117.0

124.0

117.0

146.7
30.2
116.6

291.4

Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Aug.

Sep.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Aug.

Sep.

Oct.''

1,092.2

Manufacturing and trade

1,098.1

1,100.0

1,101.0

1,105.7

1,110.5

1,116.8

1,121.1

1,127.3

1,127.4

1,129.1

1,131.6

1,134.0

1,132.3

1,134.0

1,135.6

1,139.9

1,141.3

1,145.3

1,145.9

461.6

464.9

466.7

472.4

473.7

474.2

478.0

479.8

477.2

476.6

477.2

477.2

476.5

476.9

475.1

476.9

475.3

4755

476.0

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods 1

285.6
24.1
30.3
60.2
43.2
67.0
16.2
50.8
60.7

288.5
24.2
30.5
60.8
43.0
68.7
15.9
52.8
61.0

289.9
24.3
30.4
60.9
42.9
69.6
16.2
53.4
61.4

291.2
24.6
30.7
61.0
42.5
70.8
16.6
54.2
61.2

292.5
24.8
31.0
61.3
42.1
71.3
16.4
54.9
61.5

294.2
25.0
31.0
61.7
42.4
72.0
16.1
55.9
61.6

294.6
25.2
31.2
62.0
42.2
71.8
16.4
55.4
61.8

297.2
25.2
31.3
62.1
42.8
73.2
16.5
56.8
62.1

297.8
25.4
31.5
62.6
42.7
72.7
17.0
55.7
62.5

296.2
25.4
31.3
62.5
42.4
72.1
17.2
54.8
62.1

295.3
25.3
31.6
62.9
422
70.3
16.9
53.3
62.7

296.7
25.2
31.7
63.2
42.8
70.5
16.9
53.7
63.1

296.7
24.8
31.8
63.6
43.3
69.9
17.4
52.6
63.4

296.0
24.7
31.9
63.5
43.5
69.0
17.0
52.0
63.5

296.1
24.8
32.0
63.5
43.9
68.2
17.2
51.1
63.8

295.1
24.6
31.7
63.2
44.1
67.8
17.6
50.3
63.7

296.6
24.6
31.9
63.1
44.4
68.6
17.6
51.0
64.2

295.4
24.4
31.8
63.3
44.4
67.2
17.5
49.7
64.4

295.5
24.3
31.9
63.7
44.6
66.9
17.3
49.7
64.3

295.3
24.4
32.0
63.4
45.0
66.4
17.4
49.1
64.4

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

176.0
38.9
16.6
46.5
13.3
16.7
44.1

176.4
38.9
16.7
46.7
13.4
16.7
44.1

176.8
38.9
16.8
46.8
13.4
16.8
44.2

177.4
38.9
16.9
47.1
13.4
17.0
44.2

180.0
39.0
17.0
49.0
13.7
17.0
44.4

179.5
38.7
17.0
49.0
13.6
17.1
44.0

179.6
38.7
16.9
48.6
13.6
17.1
44.6

180.7
39.1
17.0
48.8
13.9
17.2
44.7

182.0
39.0
17.0
49.3
14.8
17.5
44.7

180.9
39.0
17.0
48.6
14.3
17.5
44.8

181.3
39.4
16.9
48.9
14.5
17.6
44.4

180.5
39.6
16.8
49.0
13.8
17.5
43.8

180.5
39.6
16.8
48.7
14.0
17.5
43.9

180.5
39.9
16.7
49.0
13.6
17.6
43.6

180.7
40.1
16.7
49.6
13.2
17.7
43.3

180.0
40.1
16.8
49.1
13.1
17.6
43.4

180.2
40.1
16.7
49.3
13.1
17.6
43.3

179.9
40.1
16.5
48.9
13.1
17.7
43.4

180.0
40.1
16.7
48.7
13.1
17.9
43.4

180.7
40.7
16.6
48.8
13.1
18.0
43.4

293.7

293.4

295.6

296.4

296.6

300.4

304.0

304.1

306.0

307.6

306.5

309.0

309.7

309.9

310.6

311.8

314.2

315.2

3175

317.9

187.1
106.6
35.1
71.4

187.5
105.8
34.9
71.4

188.1
107.5
35.6
71.9

188.1
108.2
36.3
71.9

188.2
108.4
36.4
71.8

190.5
109.9
37.5
72.5

192.2
111.8
39.1
73.0

193.4
110.6
38.3
73.1

194.2
111.8
38.3
73.7

195.7
111.9
37.6
74.2

196.4
110.1
37.5
72.7

197.9
111.0
38.0
73.2

198.3
111.3
39.0
72.6

197.8
112.1
40.0
72.5

198.9
111.6
40.1
72.0

200.1
111.7
39.6
72.5

201.5
112.6
40.3
72.8

201.0
114.2
41.9
72.9

202.6
114.9
42.8
72.9

203.7
114.1
41.4
73.3

337.9

336.2

336.9

336.7

339.0

339.4

341.8

342.9

346.2

345.6

347.2

346.0

346.7

348.7

349.0

350.8

352.2

352.0

184.5
98.0
86.6
153.4
30.6
122.8

181.4
94.0
87.4
154.8
30.8
124.0

182.2
94.3
87.9
154.7
30.8
123.9

181.8
93.2
88.6
154.9
30.7
124.2

183.3
95.1
88.2

185.1
96.4
88.7

187.3
97.0
90.3

188.7
96.4
92.3

154.3
30.6

157.5
30.9
126.6

157.3
30.8
126.5

191.6
98.8
92.8
157.4
31.1

192.5
99.1
93.4
158.3
31.3

126.9

126.2

127.0

193.6
100.1
93.5
158.6
31.6
127.0

193.0
98.4
94.6
159.0
31.8

123.7

189.4
96.8
92.6
157.3
31.0
126.3

190.7
97.8
92.9
158.0
31.1

125.0

98.0
91.6
156.6
30.8
125.8

188.8
97.4
91.4
156.8
30.9
125.9

189.7
97.8
91.9

155.6
30.6

187.2
97.6
89.6
154.6
30.7
123.9

Manufacturing

Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods

337.0

Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle'dealers 3
Other durable goods 3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods

'..

183.5
95.9
87.6
153.5
30.6
122.9

185.7
98.3
87.4
154.2
30.8
123.4

p Preliminary.
1. Includes lumber and wood products; furniture and fixtures; stone, clay, and glass products; instruments and
related products; and miscellaneous manufacturing industries.
2. Includes tobacco manufacturers; textile mill products; apparel products; printing and publishing; and leather
and leather products.
3. Prior to 1981, inventories and sales of auto and home supply stores are included in motor vehicle dealers,
Beginning with 1981, these inventories are included in "other durable goods."




155.5
30.5
125.0

127.2

NOTE.—Manufacturing inventories are classified by the type of product produced by the establishment holding
the inventory. Trade inventories are classified by the type of product sold by the establishment holding the inventory,
Chained (1996) dollar inventory series are calculated to ensure that the chained (1996) dollar change in inventories for 1996 equals the current-dollar change in inventories for 1996 and that the average of the 1995 and 1996
end-of-year chain-weighted and fixed-weighted inventories are equal. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
The residual line is the difference between the first line and the sum of the most detailed lines for inventories.

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000 •

23

Table 2.—Real Manufacturing and Trade Sales, Seasonally Adjusted at Monthly Rate
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
1977

1978

429.0

433.8

441.7

440.6

461.0

462.4

470.0

470.2

470.8

470.0

466.8

463.4

440.9

449.0

466.4

467.2

461.0

457.9

444.8

207.4

209.2

212.0

216.1

213.3

222.8

222.7

226.4

227.9

225.6

223.3

219.9

218.6

204.7

206.4

216.3

217.1

216.4

213.5

205.3

13.4
13.9
9.9
10.8
30.2
20.1
9.7
25.1

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods *

100.6
13.9
13.9
10.1
10.9
29.9
19.8
9.7
25.6

102.1
13.7
13.9
10.4
11.2
30.4
20.2
9.8
26.2

104.5
14.2
14.5
10.7
11.5
30.3
20.0
9.9
27.0

103.2
14.0
14.0
10.8
11.4
30.1
19.8
10.0
26.4

109.0
15.3
14.7
11.4
11.8
31.8
20.8
10.6
27.3

108.9
15.6
14.6
11.6
12.1
31.3
20.5
10.4
26.9

112.4
15.9
15.0
11.9
12.3
33.6
22.3
10.9
27.1

112.8
15.5
14.9
12.2
12.6
34.6
22.5
11.8
26.3

110.7
15.2
14.4
12.5
12.8
31.5
19.8
11.5
26.9

109.6
15.1
14.4
12.7
12.7
29.8
17.5
12.3
27.0

106.9
14.2
13.9
12.4
12.8
29.0
16.7
12.4
26.7

106.4
14.1
13.5
12.7
13.0
28.4
15.7
12.9
26.5

97.6
12.7
12.6
12.3
12.1
24.6
12.2
12.7
24.4

99.5
12.6
12.9
12.4
12.2
25.2
12.9
12.5
25.2

105.5
14.1
14.1
12.8
12.7
27.0
14.9
12.3
26.2

104.7
14.4
14.0
13.2
12.4
25.5
13.5
12.3
26.1

106.9
14.8
14.0
13.0
12.7
27.2
15.0
12.4
26.4

104.0
14.8
13.5
13.0
12.6
25.6
13.9
11.9
25.4

97.9
13.0
12.6
12.7
12.1
23.6
12.4
11.5
24.4

108.9
28.4
9.7
22.1
14.3
5.9
27.0

109.8
28.7
9.7
22.5
13.9
6.0
27.4

111.0
29.4
9.3
22.7
14.1
6.1
27.8

112.7
29.5
9.5
23.1
14.3
6.4
28.3

111.0
29.0
9.8
23.1
13.6
6.2
28.1

114.7
29.3
10.0
24.7
13.9
6.6
29.0

114.6
29.5
10.1
24.2
14.6
6.5
28.3

114.6
28.9
10.1
24.2
15.0
6.5
28.3

115.7
29.0
10.1
25.2
15.5
6.8
27.5

115.8
28.8
10.3
25.7
15.3
6.5
27.7

114.6
28.5
10.4
25.1
15.1
6.1
28.0

113.9
28.9
10.1
24.6
14.8
6.0
28.4

113.1
29.2
10.1
24.3
14.2
6.0
28.2

108.1
29.2
9.7
22.8
13.0
5.4
27.3

107.9
28.8
10.0
23.3
12.8
5.6
26.8

111.7
28.5
10.2
25.0
13.8
5.9
27.5

113.3
29.5
10.2
24.7
14.3
5.8
27.4

110.3
30.2
10.2
24.3
12.1
6.2
27.7

110.3
29.7
10.2
24.1
12.5
6.2
27.7

108.4
29.5
10.0
22.8
12.7
5.9
26.9

,

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
,
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

95.0

Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers3
Other durable goods3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods

100.6

102.8

108.7

110.3

111.6

110.8

114.3

115.3

115.6

115.3

112.1

116.3

121.8

120.6

117.2

116.4

114.2

41.8
58.5
28.4
29.6

43.2
58.6
28.0
30.3

44.4
59.8
28.3
31.2

47.4
62.6
29.5
32.9

48.2
63.4
29.5
33.7

48.9
64.0
29.7
34.2

48.7
63.3
28.4
34.9

50.5
65.0
28.7
36.3

51.3
65.3
29.7
35.5

51.2
65.6
30.0
35.5

51.7
64.9
30.2
34.6

49.2
64.2
30.9
33.3

50.1
67.5
30.5
36.9

52.1
71.1
31.2
39.7

52.6
69.4
31.5
37.8

52.4
66.1
30.1
35.9

51.5
66.2
30.3
35.8

49.1
66.4
31.2
35.2

122.7

123.5

124.9

129.8

1295

132.2

131.8

130.7

131.2

131.3

129.3

123.7

125.7

127.2

128.7

126.7

127.6

124.9

39.7
26.1
14.0
81.4
29.7
52.2

Retail trade

98.9

40.9
58.2
28.3
29.4

121.0

Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods

97.7

39.5
57.0
26.7
30.1

Merchant wholesalers

41.0
27.0
14.4
81.9
29.7
52.6

40.9
26.8
14.4
82.7
29.8
53.3

40.7
26.8
14.3
84.4
30.5
54.3

44.4
29.4
15.5
85.4
30.2
55.6

43.8
28.2
15.9
85.8
30.2
56.0

45.6
29.6
16.3
86.6
30.6
56.4

45.0
29.6
15.9
86.8
30.7
56.4

44.4
28.2
16.5
86.4
30.9
55.9

44.6
27.7
17.0
86.8
31.1
56.1

43.7
27.1
16.7
87.7
31.6
56.5

42.4
26.1
16.4
87.0
31.9
55.5

37.7
22.1
15.4
86.0
31.8
54.7

39.5
23.8
15.6
86.3
31.5
55.2

40.4
24.1
16.2
87.0
31.2
56.2

42.0
23.6
18.3
86.9
31.2
56.1

39.6
21.7
17.7
87.2
31.5
56.1

40.7
23.0
17.6
87.0
31.3
56.1

38.3
21.2
17.0
86.7
31.6
55.6

41.8
27.6
14.6
83.8
30.1
54.1

1982

442.2

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

97.4
11.3
13.4
11.8
12.4
24.8
13.5
11.4
25.1

110.1
30.8
10.1
22.3
12.6
6.1
28.0

110.7
30.6
9.9
22.3
13.4
6.1
27.5

,




441.3

454.0

465.7

481.6

492.2

499.2

5003

505.3

508.6

512.7

516.6

517.4

522.8

530.3

538.8

542.4

196.2

201.7

209.4

215.1

223.5

227.4

228.2

229.7

231.9

232.6

232.8

233.7

234.9

235.9

237.7

237.4

239.4

94.8
10.4
13.1
11.3
12.2
24.0
135
11.0
25.2

89.6
9.5
12.3
10.6
11.8
22.4
11.5
11.1
24.6

93.5
10.1
12.5
10.5
12.2
25.1
14.0
11.2
25.2

97.7
10.9
12.9
11.0
12.5
26.4
15.1
11.4
26.0

101.9
11.4
13.3
11.7
12.7
27.8
16.9
11.0
27.0

108.2
12.7
14.1
12.3
13.5
29.8
18.5
11.3
28.1

111.2
12.4
14.5
13.1
14.2
30.6
19.5
11.1
28.2

111.5
12.1
14.4
13.7
14.7
29.6
18.5
11.2
28.6

113.4
12.0
14.6
14.2
14.8
30.4
19.2
11.3
28.8

115.4
11.9
14.7
14.6
15.0
31.4
20.0
11.4
29.3

114.9
11.6
14.7
14.6
14.5
31.9
19.8
12.1
29.1

115.4
11.7
14.6
14.8
14.5
31.5
19.6
11.9
29.6

116.9
11.8
15.2
14.8
14.4
32.6
20.4
12.3
29.5

117.3
11.5
15.2
15.2
14.7
32.6
20.1
12.6
29.4

117.3
11.8
14.6
15.3
14.3
32.1
19.9
12.3
30.6

118.0
11.6
14.9
15.3
14.3
32.7
20.0
12.8
30.7

117.2
11.1
15.0
14.5
14.3
33.3
20.2
13.1
30.7

117.8
11.1
15.0
14.5
14.4
33.7
19.8
14.0
30.8

109.3
30.6
10.1
220
12.6
6.2
27.6

107.9
31.0
10.1
21.2
12.3
5.9
27.1

109.5
30.8
10.3
220
12.4
6.1
27.6

112.9
30.8
10.7
22.9
13.3
6.4
28.3

114.3
30.8
10.9
23.8
13.0
6.7
29.0

116.2
31.1
11.2
24.5
12.6
7.2
29.9

117.1
30.9
11.2
24.2
13.4
7.2
30.0

117.4
31.1
11.3
24.6
13.2
7.4
29.9

117.0
31.2
11.2
24.6
12.9
7.6
29.6

117.0
32.1
11.1
24.4
12.8
7.7
29.1

118.4
32.4
11.0
24.3
13.3
7.7
29.6

118.0
32.3
11.1
24.1
13.2
7.6
29.6

117.3
32.4
11.0
23.7
12.7
7.8
29.8

118.2
32.5
11.2
23.9
12.8
7.9
30.1

119.2
32.7
11.5
24.0
13.1
7.7
30.2

120.4
32.9
11.6
23.9
13.5
8.0
30.4

121.0
33.0
11.8
24.2
13.6
7.9
30.3

122.4
33.3
11.6
24.8
13.6
8.2
30.8

109.1

107.9

109.7

111.0

114.8

118.4

122.2

125.8

126.6

126.9

127.8

129.4

130.0

130.4

132.9

135.1

138.9

139.6

45.0
65.4
31.3
34.2

45.3
63.9
31.5
32.6

46.2
64.9
32.0
33.1

47.0
65.3
31.9
33.6

49.2
66.9
33.3
33.9

51.8
67.8
33.1
34.9

54.2
69.2
32.9
36.5

56.5
70.5
33.5
37.2

56.8
70.9
34.1
37.0

56.6
71.5
34.9
36.8

57.7
71.2
33.9
37.5

58.1
72.5
33.9
38.7

58.4
72.8
33.4
39.5

59.1
72.4
34.1
38.5

59.0
75.2
34.8
40.5

59.9
76.6
34.0
42.6

59.9
80.9
36.1
44.9

60.4
81.0
35.4
45.6

125.0

47.3
65.9
31.5
34.4

Retail trade

See footnotes at the end of the table.

4323

437.1

45.5
68.4
31.6
36.7

125.1

128.5

130.2

134.2

136.2

140.0

142.8

1453

144.2

146.7

148.4

150.8

153.3

152.3

154.1

157.7

162.7

163.7

39.1
22.0
17.0
86.0
31.4
55.1

38.9
21.7
17.0
86.4
31.5
55.4

41.3
24.1
17.3
87.3
31.8
55.9

41.7
23.9
17.8
88.6
31.8
572

44.4
26.1
18.5
89.8
32.1
58.1

45.2
25.9
19.3
91.1
32.5
59.0

48.0
28.4
19.7
92.1
32.5
59.9

50.0
29.8
20.4
92.9
32.5

512
30.6
20.9
94.2
33.0
61.5

50.0
28.9
21.1
94.3
33.1
61.5

52.0
30.7
21.5
94.8
33.2
61.9

53.1
31.7
21.6
95.3
33.3
62.4

54.6
32.8
22.1
96.1
33.7
62.8

56.2
34.1
22.5
97.1
33.9
63.5

54.5
31.5
23.1
97.8
34.3
63.9

55.0
31.8
23.3
99.2
34.4
65.0

56.9
33.1
24.0
100.8
34.3

61.3
36.9
24.7
101.4
34.1
67.6

61.3
36.4
25.1
102.4
34.6
68.1

111.8

Merchant wholesalers

1983

206.9

96.6
12.2
13.0
12.6
12.3
223
11.4
11.1
24.9

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
>
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods1

444.7

205.6

Manufacturing and trade
Manufacturing

Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers3
Other durable goods3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods

1981

1980

422.7

Manufacturing and trade
Manufacturing

Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods

1979

38.6
21.7
16.8
86.0
31.4
55.0

24

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 2.—fleal Manufacturing and Trade Sales, Seasonally Adjusted at Monthly Rate-Continued
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
1988

1987

1991

577.1

580.1

590.3

591.3

590.1

590.7

596.1

598.2

597.9

583.3

574.3

586.8

593.5

591.1

252.2

255.0

259.0

260.0

263.7

265.8

262.8

260.0

259.0

261.8

263.3

263.8

256.6

250.3

256.6

261.1

2605

122.6
12.5
15.1
15.9
15.1
32.9
19.5
13.4
32.7

125.3
13.1
14.9
16.3
15.3
33.9
20.4
13.5
33.3

126.6
12.8
15.4
16.8
15.8
34.7
20.7
14.1
32.6

129.9
13.4
15.7
17.4
16.0
35.4
21.6
13.9
33.3

131.0
13.5
15.3
18.0
16.4
35.5
21.8
13.7
33.5

133.2
13.6
15.6
17.8
16.3
37.3
23.3
14.1
34.0

133.6
13.6
15.8
17.9
16.7
37.1
23.6
13.5
33.9

131.7
13.4
15.2
18.3
16.6
36.1
22.3
13.8
33.2

130.1
13.2
15.1
18.0
16.3
35.9
21.6
14.3
32.8

129.2
12.7
14.9
18.1
16.1
35.2
21.5
13.7
33.3

130.1
13.0
15.0
18.5
16.5
34.1
19.7
14.6
33.8

132.1
13.0
15.3
18.2
16.4
36.9
22.1
14.9
33.5

131.5
13.1
15.1
18.3
16.3
36.6
21.5
15.3
33.3

126.6
12.9
14.6
18.3
16.1
32.7
18.0
14.8
32.7

121.2
12.1
14.0
17.4
16.0
30.8
16.4
14.6
31.6

125.8
12.3
14.2
17.5
16.4
33.9
18.9
15.1
32.5

129.4
12.7
14.5
17.7
16.6
36.2
21.0
15.3
32.9

128.3
12.6
14.8
17.8
16.9
34.8
20.0
14.9
32.4

126.2
33.8
11.8
26.4
13.4
8.7
32.1

126.8
33.9
12.1
26.5
13.4
8.6
32.3

127.6
34.2
12.2
26.9
13.4
8.9
32.1

129.2
34.7
12.2
27.1
14.3
8.9
31.9

129.6
34.9
12.3
27.0
14.1
9.0
32.4

129.4
34.8
12.4
27.1
14.0
9.1
32.1

130.9
35.0
12.5
27.9
14.1
9.4
32.1

132.8
35.9
12.7
27.9
14.6
9.4
32.2

131.7
35.7
12.6
28.0
13.9
9.5
32.0

130.5
35.4
12.3
27.9
13.9
9.3
31.6

130.4
35.6
12.3
28.1
13.8
9.2
31.4

132.4
35.7
12.5
28.3
14.4
9.6
32.0

131.8
35.3
12.4
28.4
13.7
9.6
32.2

133.0
35.3
12.6
29.0
14.4
9.9
31.6

130.7
36.0
12.5
29.0
12.7
9.5
31.2

129.9
35.6
12.2
28.2
14.0
9.2
30.6

131.5
36.1
12.4
28.6
14.4
9.4
30.6

132.4
36.3
12.7
28.7
14.0
9.8
30.9

132.9
36.6
12.7
28.8
13.4
9.8
31.6

139.8

140.7

142.2

142.6

144.9

147.7

149.3

152.2

151.9

152.4

152.9

155.3

1555

1575

156.3

151.9

151.6

155.3

157.4

157.1

80.6
35.8
44.9

61.9
80.4
35.0
45.4

63.0
80.6
36.1
44.6

62.8
81.3
36.1
45.3

63.1
83.6
36.6
47.1

65.5
83.7
36.7
47.1

66.7
84.1
35.7
48.5

68.9
84.6
36.7
47.9

84.1
36.1
48.1

84.7
36.3
48.5

84.7
36.1
48.7

70.6
85.9
36.6
49.3

73.0
83.3
35.1
48.2

73.0
85.5
36.1
49.5

71.8
85.6
36.5
49.2

83.1
36.3
47.0

68.9
83.9
36.3
47.6

86.7
37.0
49.8

71.7
86.9
37.2
49.7

71.8
86.4
37.0
49.5

160.1

Manufacturing and trade

164.1

165.8

169.2

170.6

171.0

1745

173.8

174.7

177.5

1765

179.0

177.4

177.9

175.0

172.4

175.0

175.0

173.6

57.7
32.5
25.2
102.4
34.3

60.4
35.3
25.3
103.8
34.6

61.4
35.4
26.1
104.3
34.6
70.0

64.1
37.5
26.8
105.2
34.8
70.6

64.5
37.2
27.4
106.1
35.2
71.2

63.5
36.2
27.4
107.4
35.3
72.3

65.7
37.8
28.0
108.8
35.3
73.6

64.8
37.1
27.7
109.0
35.6
73.6

65.6
37.7
28.0
109.1
35.4
73.9

67.4
39.3
28.3
110.1
35.5
74.7

65.3
36.8
28.5
111.2
35.7
75.6

67.8
38.4
29.4
111.3
35.8
75.6

65.8
37.2
28.6
111.6
36.0
75.7

65.9
37.5
28.4
111.9
36.0
76.1

64.5
36.4
28.1
110.4
35.8
74.8

62.0
34.2
27.7
110.3
35.3
75.1

63.4
35.3
28.1
111.5
35.4
76.2

63.4
35.5
27.8
111.5
35.2
76.5

63.0
35.3
27.7
110.4
34.9
75.6

545.0

550.4

245.2

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods l

120.4
11.3
15.2
14.9
14.5
34.3
21.2
13.2
32.0

120.6
11.9
15.1
15.1
14.7
33.5
20.2
13.3
32.0

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

125.7
34.2
11.7
25.8
13.6
8.8
31.5

557.2

245.9

Manufacturing

Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers3
Other durable goods3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods

1990

'.

'.

'..

62.7
37.2
25.8
103.9
34.7

560.3

1992

1994

1993

1995

603.3

610.1

618.9

625.3

628.2

633.4

643.8

654.6

663.4

6745

6945

693.5

700.4

709.8

711.2

7225

730.2

740.1

261.8

266.0

266.8

270.8

274.0

272.3

272.3

279.6

283.9

287.1

291.7

297.7

302.1

298.3

300.3

303.6

302.2

309.2

311.7

314.8

,
',

129.4
12.7
14.5
18.1
17.2
35.1
20.1
15.1
32.7

132.3
12.9
14.8
18.7
17.6
36.0
21.3
14.8
33.2

133.1
12.8
15.0
19.0
18.3
35.3
21.2
14.3
33.6

135.9
12.9
15.3
19.4
18.6
37.0
22.5
14.7
33.4

137.0
13.2
15.4
20.0
18.5
37.2
23.4
13.9
33.4

137.0
13.3
15.5
20.2
18.9
36.6
22.9
13.8
33.2

136.4
13.2
15.4
20.8
19.4
34.3
21.9
12.5
33.8

142.9
13.7
16.0
22.0
19.8
37.5
24.8
12.7
34.5

145.3
13.7
16.4
22.4
20.8
38.4
26.1
12.4
34.1

147.4
14.1
16.5
23.2
21.5
37.9
26.2
11.7
34.7

150.6
14.3
16.8
24.3
22.1
38.6
26.9
11.7
34.9

154.3
14.7
16.9
25.1
22.9
39.5
27.9
11.6
35.4

158.0
14.6
17.4
26.3
23.6
40.3
28.5
11.8
36.1

156.5
14.3
17.0
27.2
24.3
38.4
26.8
11.6
35.3

158.4
14.1
17.2
27.9
25.4
38.1
27.1
11.0
35.7

161.6
14.4
17.3
29.4
25.8
38.7
27.6
11.1
36.0

160.8
14.4
17.3
30.6
25.9
36.7
26.3
10.4
35.8

166.9
14.7
18.0
31.4
26.5
39.3
28.0
11.4
37.1

169.1
15.0
18.0
32.2
26.5
39.8
28.4
11.5
37.4

170.8
15.3
18.0
33.0
27.7
39.1
27.2
11.9
37.7

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

133.1
36.4
12.8
28.8
14.2
10.1
30.9

134.3
37.0
12.6
29.0
13.5
102
31.8

134.3
37.0
12.9
29.1
13.3
10.3
31.8

135.5
37.3
12.8
29.0
13.4
10.5
32.4

137.6
37.5
12.8
29.7
14.3
10.9
32.3

135.8
37.6
12.9
29.6
13.3
10.9
31.7

136.4
38.1
13.0
29.3
13.3
10.9
31.7

137.1
37.7
13.1
29.6
13.4
11.2
32.1

138.9
37.6
13.1
30.2
14.2
11.4
32.4

140.0
37.2
13.3
30.8
13.9
11.8
32.9

141.4
38.0
13.7
30.9
13.5
11.9
33.3

143.7
39.3
13.7
30.9
14.1
12.3
33.3

144.2
38.7
14.0
30.8
14.9
12.3
33.5

141.9
38.8
13.7
30.1
13.9
12.0
33.4

142.0
39.2
13.2
30.6
13.9
12.0
33.0

142.0
39.2
13.0
30.4
14.4
12.2
32.9

141.5
38.9
13.0
30.0
14.9
12.2
32.6

142.2
38.3
13.4
30.5
14.2
12.7
33.2

142.6
38.0
13.5
30.8
14.4
12.6
33.2

143.9
38.6
13.6
31.3
14.5
12.6
33.3

158.9

159.3

163.4

164.4

167.6

171.0

170.3

173.7

176.7

181.1

185.3

187.7

188.4

190.6

194.3

194.3

195.4

199.1

203.3

72.7
87.4
37.2
50.3

73.8
86.5
36.8
49.7

75.9
88.6
38.7
50.0

77.7
87.6
37.8
50.0

79.9
88.5
38.4
50.2

81.0
88.5
38.0
50.6

83.3
88.3
37.2
51.2

83.6
87.2
35.7
51.5

85.4
88.8
35.3
53.5

87.4
89.7
36.4
53.3

90.6
90.7
37.6
53.2

93.7
91.8
38.2
53.6

95.1
92.8
38.8
54.0

95.8
92.8
38.9
53.9

97.3
93.3
38.9
54.4

100.7
93.7
38.6
55.1

101.2
93.1
38.4
54.7

102.9
92.5
36.4
56.2

103.7
95.3
37.8
57.6

106.1
97.2
39.4
57.7

177.8

178.0

179.9

183.7

183.8

187.1

190.1

193.8

197.0

199.6

201.7

205.7

204.7

206.7

209.5

212.0

214.7

217.9

219.4

222.0

37.0
28.6
112.4
34.9
77.6

66.7
37.4
29.3
113.2
34.9
78.4

68.6
38.7
29.9
115.1
35.0
80.1

68.4
38.6
29.8
115.4
35.0
80.5

70.4
40.1
30.3
116.7
34.9
81.9

72.2
41.0
31.3
117.9
35.0
82.9

74.9
43.1
31.9
119.0
35.2
83.8

76.5
44.4
32.3
120.5
35.5
85.0

78.3
44.7
33.7
121.3
35.6
85.7

79.4
44.6
34.8
122.3
35.6

82.0
46.4
35.7
123.6
35.7

80.5
44.7
35.8
124.3
35.7

81.6
45.6
36.0
125.2
35.5
89.7

83.6
46.9
36.7
125.9
35.4
90.5

85.0
47.3
37.8
126.9
35.5
91.4

87.0
49.1
37.9
127.7
35.6
92.1

88.7
48.8
39.9
129.2
35.6
93.7

49.4
39.9
130.0
35.5
94.5

90.4
49.9
40.5
131.6
35.6
96.0

Manufacturing and trade
Manufacturing
Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods l

Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers3
Other durable goods 3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods
See footnotes at the end of the table.




65.3
36.7
28.6
112.5
35.0
77.6

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

2$

Table 2.—Real Manufacturing and Trade Sales, Seasonally Adjusted at Monthly Rate—Continued
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
1997

1998

1997

1999

1998

June

July

Aug.

Sep.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

872.0

766.8

776.5

772.3

780.1

779.1

779.0

787.6

791.0

797.9

Feb.

798.2

806.5

813.5

830.5

848.3

342.9

342.6

346.9

353.8

358.4

361.7

367.2

328.1

334.1

330.3

335.4

335.1

334.6

340.7

338.2

343.3

187.4
15.7
18.9
38.3
30.8
43.5
30.2
13.3
40.3

191.4
16.0
19.2
40.6
31.2
44.0
30.1
14.0
40.7

192.3
15.6
19.3
42.3
31.2
43.4
29.3
14.1
40.8

196.5
15.6
19.8
43.3
32.7
44.4
30.0
14.4
41.1

203.1
15.2
20.0
43.9
33.9
48.5
32.2
16.3
41.9

205.2
15.6
20.0
44.9
34.1
48.4
33.1
15.3
42.6

209.4
15.8
20.0
46.5
35.5
49.1
33.9
15.3
43.1

214.2
16.3
20.1
48.8
37.0
49.8
35.1
14.8
43.2

181.8
15.5
18.6
36.6
29.7
41.9
28.6
13.3
39.6

185.7
15.7
18.7
37.5
29.5
44.1
31.0
13.2
40.1

183.0
15.5
18.7
36.7
30.4
42.4
29.7
12.7
39.3

187.5
15.7
19.0
38.1
31.4
42.6
29.4
13.2
40.7

186.3
15.7
19.0
38.1
30.6
42.7
30.3
12.3
40.3

186.2
15.7
18.8
37.6
30.6
43.8
29.7
14.0

189.8
15.8
19.0
39.2
31.2
44.1
30.6
13.5
40.7

15.9
18.8
39.8
30.3
42.1
28.7
13.4
40.1

192.3
16.1
19.4
40.6
31.6
44.2
30.3
13.9
40.7

147.9
38.9
14.1
32.2
15.5
13.1
34.2

149.4
39.8
14.4
32.5
15.0
13.4
34.3

151.5
41.3
14.1
32.3
16.3
13.2
34.4

150.3
41.0
14.1
32.0
16.0
13.2
34.2

150.5
41.3
14.0
31.9
16.1
13.3
34.0

150.8
42.0
14.1
32.4
15.8
13.4
33.1

153.4
42.2
14.2
32.9
17.3
13.7
33.5

152.6
42.4
13.8
33.5
15.6
13.7
33.6

153.3
42.4
13.9
34.1
15.6
13.7
33.7

146.3
38.6
13.9
32.1
15.2
12.8
33.7

148.5
39.0
14.1
32.2
15.7
13.1
34.4

147.3
39.0
13.9
31.9
15.7
12.9
33.9

147.9
38.8
14.2
32.4
15.0
13.2
34.4

148.8
39.4
14.4
32.4
15.1
13.3
34.2

148.4
39.8
14.2
322
14.8
13.1
34.3

150.9
40.2
14.6
32.8
15.3
13.6
34.4

151.4
41.4
14.3
32.4
15.6
13.2
34.6

151.1
41.1
14.1
32.3
16.1
13.2
34.4

210.9

213.0

213.8

219.5

222.8

224.8

228.3

233.0

238.4

241.2

212.6

213.3

211.2

214.4

214.0

213.1

214.5

218.5

218.6

110.7
100.2
40.7
59.6

112.7
100.2
40.5
59.7

114.0
99.9
40.5
59.4

117.0
102.4
41.0
61.5

118.9
103.8
41.7
62.1

119.8
105.0
42.6
62.4

120.4
107.9
42.8
65.0

124.8
108.1
42.5
65.6

128.4
109.9
43.8
66.1

131.1
110.1
44.4
65.8

111.6
101.0
41.3
59.8

112.9
100.5
40.8
59.7

111.3
99.9
40.1
59.8

114.0
100.3
40.6
59.8

114.2
99.8
41.1
58.7

113.5
99.5
40.4
59.2

114.1
100.3
40.1
60.2

116.6
101.9
40.9
61.0

116.5
102.1
41.0
61.1

225.2

224.4

230.1

231.3

235.8

241.2

241.8

248.3

256.7

259.2

263.5

226.2

229.1

230.9

230.4

230.0

231.3

232.5

234.4

236.0

92.4
51.4
41.0
132.8
35.8
96.9

91.4
50.0
41.4
132.9
35.6
97.4

95.1
52.8
42.4
135.0
35.7
99.3

96.3
52.8
43.5
135.0
35.8
99.2

101.9
55.8
46.1

105.8
56.9
49.0
142.6
36.6
106.0

110.7
59.8
50.9
146.2
36.7
109.5

111.8
60.7
51.1
147.5
36.9
110.7

116.5
63.0
51.5
149.6
37.0
112.4

92.3
50.6
41.6
133.9
35.5
98.4

94.2
52.2
42.0
134.9
35.7
99.2

95.8
53.5
42.3
135.1 i
35.71
99.4

95.4
52.7
42.7
135.0
35.9
99.2

95.1
520
43.1
135.0
35.8
99.2

96.3
52.7
43.6
135.1
35.8
99.3

97.7
53.9
43.8
134.8
35.7
99.2

53.6
45.2
135.6
35.6

103.1

101.2
54.0
47.3
140.7
36.5
104.2

Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Aug.

Sep.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

July

Aug.

805.6

805.1

804.7

809.7

809.5

811.6

819.5

822.7

829.1

857.6

851.1

347.2

343.4

341.0

343.3

343.9

346.2

350.6

351.0

353.1

357.3

354.7

358.0

362.7

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment.
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods >

195.2
15.9
19.4
41.5
31.7
45.8
31.2
14.6
41.2

192.3
15.8
19.2
41.9
31.0
44.4
30.3
14.1
40.4

191.7
15.5
19.4
41.7
30.7
44.2
30.1
14.1
40.5

192.8
15.5
19.3
43.4
31.9
41.6
27.5
14.1
41.6

193.4
15.5
19.9
43.6
32.3
41.1
27.7
13.4
41.5

196.0
15.6
19.7
43.0
32.3
45.1
30.7
14.3
40.6

200.2
15.6
19.8
43.3
33.6
47.0
31.6
15.5
41.3

201.8
15.3
19.8
43.8
33.4
48.5
32.0
16.4
41.3

203.1
15.2
20.0
43.6
33.9
48.7
32.0
16.7
42.0

204.4
15.2
20.1
44.4
34.3
48.4
32.6
15.7
42.4

203.4
15.5
20.1
44.4
34.2
47.6
32.6
15.0
42.0

204.0
15.5
20.0
45.0
33.6
47.8
32.7
15.1
42.6

208.2
15.9
20.0
45.3
34.5
49.7
34.0
15.7
43.2

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products .
Other nondurable goods 2

152.0
41.4
14.1
32.1
17.2
13.2
34.4

151.1
41.3
14.1
31.7
16.5
13.3
34.4

149.4
40.7
14.1
31.9
15.7
13.1
34.1

150.5
41.0
14.0
32.4
16.0
13.1
34.1

150.6
40.9
14.1
31.8
15.8
13.2
34.7

150.3
41.3
14.0
31.7
16.2
13.3
34.0

150.5
41.6
13.9
32.2
16.2
13.4
33.4

149.3
41.9
13.9
31.6
15.3
13.4
33.2

150.2
41.9
14.1
32.2
15.2
13.4
33.3

152.9
42.2
14.4
33.3
16.9
13.6
32.9

151.4
41.7
14.2
32.1
16.5
13.4
33.8

154.1
42.3
14.5
33.1
17.5
13.9
33.4

221.3

222.6

222.2

223.6

224.4

224.0

226.1

225.7

227.6

231.7

229.2

118.0
103.3
41.0
62.3

119.3
103.3
41.3
62.0

118.1
104.1
41.8
62.3

119.4
104.2
42.2
62.0

120.0
104.3
42.3
62.0

119.7
104.2
42.3
61.9

119.6
106.5
43.1
63.4

119.4
106.3
42.8
63.5

119.8
107.9
42.8
65.0

122.2
109.5
42.9
66.5

122.4
106.8
41.4
65.3

237.2

239.3

241.5

242.8

241.2

241.4

242.8

245.9

248.3

250.8

253.6

99.3
54.0
45.3

100.6
55.2
45.5
138.7
36.3
102.4

101.9
55.7
46.2
139.6
36.3
103.3

103.0
56.5
46.5

100.7
53.8
47.0
140.6
36.5
104.2

100.9
53.7
47.2
140.6
36.6
104.0

102.0
54.5
47.6
140.9
36.5

104.4
56.1
48.4

104.4

105.1

106.3

107.5
57.9
49.7
143.4
36.7
106.7

108.9
58.7
50.3

141.6
36.5

105.5
56.7
48.9
142.9
36.7

754.6

761.3

776.3

320.9

326.1

333.3

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods !

175.1
15.5
18.2
33.8
28.5
40.5
28.4
12.1
38.5

179.6
15.6
18.5
35.8
29.1
41.5
28.3
13.2
39.2

185.4
15.7
18.8
37.4
30.4
43.1
30.0
13.0
40.0

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
,
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

145.7
38.8
13.7
31.8
14.9
12.9
33.7

146.5
38.6
14.0
322
15.0
13.0
33.7

208.5
108.4
100.1
40.4
59.6

Manufacturing and trade
Manufacturing

Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers 3
Other durable goods 3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods

Manufacturing and trade.
Manufacturing

Merchant wholesalers.
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products .
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade.
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers 3
Other durable goods 3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods ....

137.9
36.1
101.9

781.9

139.9
36.4
103.5

53.8
45.3
136.9
35.8
101.1

139.4
36.3

p Preliminary.
1. Includes lumber and wood products; furniture and fixtures; stone, clay, and glass products; instruments and
related products; and miscellaneous manufacturing industries.
2. Includes tobacco manufacturers; textile mill products; apparel products; printing and publishing; and leather
and leather products.




837.7

144.8
36.4
108.6

June

867.2

100.0

98.9
53.7
45.3
137.1
35.8
101.3

Oct./'

876.4

870.0

874.6

361.2

365.0

366.7

369.9

365.0

366.8

207.3
15.6
20.0
46.3
35.2
48.1
32.8
15.3
42.8

209.5
15.8
20.0
46.6
35.4
49.1
33.2
15.9
43.2

211.3
16.0
20.1
46.5
35.8
50.2
35.5
14.7
43.3

213.8
16.1
20.0
49.6
37.1
49.3
35.4
14.0
42.9

216.5
16.4
20.3
48.9
37.0
51,5
35.5
16.0
43.3

212.4
16.4
19.9
47.8
36.9
48.8
34.5
14.3
43.4

213.2
16.1
19.8
50.6
36.5
47.7
33.3
14.5
43.8

154.7
42.6
14.0
33.4
18.0
13.9
33.4

151.9
42.0
13.9
33.4
15.5
13.6
33.5

151.9
42.5
13.8
33.2
15.1
13.7
33.6

153.8
42.8
13.8
33.9
16.1
13.8
33.7

153.1
42.2
13.8
33.8
16.0
13.5
33.9

153.8
42.5
14.1
34.3
15.5
13.9
33.6

152.9
42.5
13.9
34.1
15.2
13.8
33.4

153.9
42.8
13.8
34.2
15.7
13.8
33.7

233.3

236.5

234.7

238.3

242.2

241.1

241.5

241.0

243.0

125.4
107.8
42.6
65.2

126.7
109.8
43.4
66.4

126.5
108.1
43.3
64.8

128.5
109.8
44.1
65.7

130.3
111.8
43.9
67.8

130.3
110.8
44.8
66.0

131.3
110.2
44.0
66.2

131.6
109.5
44.3
65.2

131.8
111.3
45.2
66.1

258.3

257.3

260.2

260.1

261.9

264.8

263.8

264.7

111.2
60.1
51.2

110.7
59.5
51.3

146.7
36.7

110.3

110.1

111.8
61.1
50.8
148.4
36.9
111.6

115.3
62.5
50.8

147.2
37.0

112.8
61.5
51.4
147.5
37.1
110.5

117.7
63.9
51.5
149.9
37.1
112.6

116.7
62.4
52.1
149.9
37.1
112.6

116.6
61.7
53.0
150.6
37.2
113.2

112.1
60.8
51.3
146.5
36.9
109.7

149.1
36.9
111.9

3. Prior to 1981, inventories and sales of auto and home supply stores are included in motor vehicle dealers.
Beginning with 1981, these inventories are included in "other durable goods."
NOTE.-Chained (1996) dollar sales are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

26 • January 2000

Table 3.—Real Inventory-Sales Ratios for Manufacturing and Trade, Seasonally Adjusted
[Ratio, based on chained (1996) dollars]
1977

1978

1979

1981

1.37

1.36

1.37

1.36

1.39

1.35

1.36

1.36

1.38

1.39

1.40

1.41

1.44

1.52

1.48

1.42

1.43

1.46

1.48

1.50

1.49

1.49

1.47

1.50

1.45

1.47

1.47

1.47

1.51

1.53

1.57

1.60

1.72

1.68

1.60

1.61

1.61

1.65

1.71

DurablG goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods'
-

1.91
2.37
1.87
2.96
1.68
1.62
.80
3.31
1.57

1.89
2.29
1.88
2.91
1.72
1.62
.84
3.16
1.55

1.88
2.31
1.93
2.83
1.70
1.63
.85
3.21
1.52

1.85
2.18
1.86
2.83
1.71
1.63
.86
3.15
1.49

1.89
2.13
1.96
2.87
1.78
1.65
.87
3.17
1.54

1.83
1.98
1.88
2.78
1.80
1.59
.83
3.06
1.50

1.86
1.97
1.91
2.80
1.80
1.64
.87
3.12
1.54

1.83
1.95
1.87
2.82
1.79
1.57
.80
3.12
1.55

1.86
1.93
1.92
2.82
1.81
1.58
.86
2.92
1.63

1.93
2.00
2.00
2.84
1.83
1.78
.95
3.17

1.97
2.03
2.00
2.85
1.88
1.91
1.06
3.05
1.57

2.05
2.20
2.06
2.98
1.96
1.99
1.03
3.21
1.60

2.08
2.19
2.13
2.97
1.97
2.04
1.03
3.20
1.63

2.27
2.49
2.22
3.14
2.11
2.34
1.24
3.28
1.77

2.20
2.38
2.13
3.10
2.07
2.25
1.10
3.35
1.70

2.08
2.14
.1.98
3.01
1.99
2.09
.96
3.42
1.64

2.11
2.18
1.96
2.93
2.08
2.23
1.03
3.49
1.66

2.06
2.09
1.93
2.94
2.08
2.08
.90
3.45
1.64

2.14
2.18
2.02
3.00
2.13
2.18
.95
3.57
1.72

2.26
2.50
2.13
3.08
2.19
2.29
1.00
3.62
1.77

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

1.10
1.04
1.00
1.18
.67
1.63
1.31

1.11
1.05
1.01
1.18
.72
1.61
1.31

1.12
1.05
1.07
1.21
.73
1.64
1.29

1.11
1.00
1.05
1.21
.72
1.57
1.30

1.11
1.00
1.02
1.22
.73
1.63
1.30

1.08
.99
1.02
1.15
.69
1.56
1.27

.99
1.01
1.19
.66
1.59
1.31

1.10
1.02
1.00
1.19
.65
1.62
1.31

1.08
1.02
1.00
1.12
.59
1.57
1.35

1.08
1.05
1.00
1.08
.59
1.63
1.32

1.09
1.05
.97
1.12
.63
1.76
1.31

1.10
1.04
1.04
1.14
.67
1.75
1.26

1.13
1.04
1.07
1.21
.73
1.75
1.29

1.19
1.03
1.15
1.30
.83
1.87
1.34

1.17
1.04
1.10
1.22
.84
1.74
1.34

1.12
1.04
1.06
1.15
.76
1.66
1.29

1.12
1.01
1.08
1.17
.74
1.72
1.31

1.16
1.00
1.07
1.21
.89
1.63
1.28

1.16
1.02
1.09
1.23
.83
1.65
1.29

1.18
1.02
1.12
1.30
.82
1.72
1.36

1.18

1.17

1.20

1.21

1.24

1.20

1.19

1.21

1.26

1.23

1.23

1.23

1.25

1.30

1.28

1.23

1.26

1.28

1.30

1.34

1.83

1.81
.69
.63
.75

1.82
.72
.66
.78

1.81
.73
.70
.76

1.85
.75
.72
.78

1.78
.73
.69
.76

1.77
.72
.66
.77

1.80
.73
.65

1.85
.77
.70
.83

1.79
.76
.72
.79

1.80
.76
.69
.81

1.80
.76
.68
.82

1.81
.77
.66

1.93
.78
.65
.90

1.91
.78
.69
.85

1.87
.72
.64
.79

.76
.64

1.91
.75
.61
.87

1.93
.77
.62
.90

2.05
.78
.61
.93

Manufacturing and trade
Manufacturing

Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods

.73

1.53

1.22

Durable goods .
Motor vehicle dealers 3
Other durable goods 3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods

1.22

1.23

1.23

1.26

1.23

1.24

1.24

1.25

1.28

1.26

1.25

1.26

1.30

1.28

1.25

1.25

1.29

1.31

1.35

2.07
1.73
2.67
.81
.51
.97

Retail trade

2.04
1.72
2.60
.81
.52
.97

2.09
1.79
2.63
.81
.52
.97

2.09
1.81
2.59
.80
.51
.96

2.20
1.91
2.73
.82
.51

2.03
1.71

2.06
1.77
2.55

2.04
1.80
2.48
.83
.51

2.10
1.86
2.54
.81
.51
.97

2.20
2.07
2.45
.82
.51

2.12
1.98
2.38
.82
.52

2.12
1.97
2.40
.82
.52

2.13
1.93
2.45
.83
.52
1.01

2.31
2.14
2.60
.86
.54
1.04

2.16

2.10
1.89
2.43
.86
.55
1.03

2.00
1.64
2.46
.88
.58
1.04

2.19
1.92
2.54
.89
.57

2.15
1.81
2.58

2.29
1.95
2.72

.91
.59

.93
.59

1.05

1.09

1.12

1982

2.59
.83
.52

.83
.52
1.00

1984

1983

1.91
2.54
.87
.54
1.06

1985

1986

1.50

1.53

1.52

1.47

1.43

1.42

1.39

1.40

1.42

1.45

1.46

1.45

1.45

1.44

1.45

1.45

1.44

1.41

1.40

1.66

1.52

Manufacturing and trade
Manufacturing

1.68

1.71

1.62

1.56

1.54

1.50

1.50

1.54

1.58

1.57

1.55

1.55

1.53

1.52

1.51

1.50

1.49

1.48

1.89
2.13
1.73
2.62
1.88
1.85
.66
3.94
1.55

1.95
2.25
1.78
2.58
1.88
2.01
.72
4.13
1.58

2.29
1.77
2.56
1.94
2.07
.71
4.36
1.62

1.98
2.24
1.78
252
1.96
2.05
.69
4.43
1.62

1.98
2.19
1.76
2.52
2.02
1.99
.69
4.11
1.66

1.97
2.11
1.73
2.47
2.02
2.03
.70
4.19
1.65

1.93
2.06
1.66
2.43
1.99
1.97
.68
4.10
1.67

1.90
2.04
1.71
2.31
1.89
1.94
.68
3.95
1.68

1.95
1.75
2.28
1.92
1.98
.67
4.10
1.61

1.87
1.97
1.75
2.25
1.93
1.93
.65
3.91
1.61

1.87
1.94
1.73
2.35
1.91
1.88
.63
3.80
1.62

1.84
1.98
1.73
2.33
1.86
1.81
.65
3.44
1.63

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods !

2.25
2.65
2.04
3.08
2.11
2.37
1.04
3.67
1.71

2.22
2.69
1.96
3.28
2.07
2.17
.87
3.67
1.69

2.26
2.85
1.98
3.32
2.09
2.26
.86
3.91

2.33
2.95
1.98
3.40
2.15
2.48
.95
4.02
1.68

2.16
2.64
1.90
3.33
2.02
2.10
.78
3.72
1.63

2.07
2.42
1.87
3.16
2.00
2.00
.75
3.62

1.99
2.27
1.84
2.94
1.99

3.72
1.56

1.91
2.06
1.75
2.79
1.95
1.82
.68
3.67
1.53

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

1.17
.95
1.13
1.33
.89
1.61
1.30

1.13
.93
1.15
1.30
.75
1.60
1.33

1.15
.96
1.13
1.29
.84
1.54
1.31

1.16
.95
1.12
1.30
.89
1.59
1.32

1.13
.95
1.09
1.24
.87
1.52
1.26

1.10
.93
1.06
1.20
.80
1.49
1.28

1.11
.94
1.05
1.18
.84
1.44
1.29

1.10
.92
1.04
1.17
.82
1.38
1.27

1.11
.94
1.06
1.21
.80
1.42
1.28

1.14
.93
1.08
1.26
.84
1.46
1.32

1.16
.93
1.13
1.30
.86
1.42
1.35

1.14
.90
1.16
1.28
.83
1.38
1.36

1.12
.89
1.18
1.27
.77
1.38
1.32

1.12
.90
1.16
1.31
.76
1.40
1.30

1.12
.91
1.15
1.34
.70
1.39
1.30

1.13
.91
1.16
1.31
.78
1.38
1.30

1.12
.89
1.13
1.30
.73
1.43
1.30

1.12
.88
1.13
1.33
.79
1.38
1.28

1.10
.88
1.12
1.30
.76
1.36
1.28

1.11
.88
1.14
1.30
.81
1.34
1.26

1.36

Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers 3
Other durable goods 3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods
See footnotes at the end of the table.




,

1.37

1.41

1.41

1.37

1.33

1.31

1.29

1.28

1.27

1.31

1.33

1.34

1.34

1.34

1.36

1.36

1.36

1.36

1.33

2.13
.76
.59
.91

2.25
.76
.61

2.25
.79
.63
.94

2.17
.83
.68
.97

2.07
.84

1.99
.81
.66
.95

1.94
.81
.68
.93

1.88
.81
.66
.94

1.86

1.82

1.88
.82
.68

1.92
.82
.67

1.89
.89
.80

.92

1.90
.85
.72
.97

1.90
.87
.78

.92

1.90
.85
.72
.97

1.93
.88
.81
.95

1.94
.87
.82
.91

.91

1.93
.85
.79
.91

1.32

1.32

1.34

1.28

1.28

1.27

1.28

1.27

1.31

1.31

1.33

1.36

1.36

1.35

1.35

1.41

1.44

1.41

1.35

1.34

2.19
1.79
2.70

2.15

2.25
1.97

2.04
1.60
2.61
.92
.59
1.10

2.05
1.64
2.57
.92
.59
1.09

1.97
1.54
2.54

1.98
1.60
2.47
.93
.62
1.10

1.92
1.52
2.45
.94
.61
1.11

1.94
1.57
2.44
.98
.61
1.17

1.91
1.52
2.44
.99
.62
1.18

1.94
1.56
2.43
1.00
.62
1.21

1.98
1.64
2.45
1.02
.64
1,22

1.96
1.59
2.48
1.02
.64
1.21

1.95
1.59
2.44
1.02
.65
1.21

1.91
1.52
2.46
1.03
.66
1.22

2.09
1.86
2.41
1.04
.67
1.22

2.16
1.94
2.46
1.04
.68
1.22

2.10
1.88
2.40
1.02
.68
1.19

1.87
1.52
2.37
1.03
.69
1.20

1.86
1.56
2.28
1.02
.68
1.19

1.79
2.61

.93
.60

.93
.59

1.11

1.12

2.62
.93
.58
1.12

1.10

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

2/

Table 3.—Real Inventory-Sales Ratios for Manufacturing and Trade, Seasonally Adjusted—Continued
[Ratio, based on chained (1996) dollars]
1987

1989

1990

1991

1.41

1.41

1.40

1.42

1.41

1.41

1.41

1.41

1.42

1.44

1.45

1.46

1.45

1.46

1.47

1.51

1.52

1.48

1.47

1.48

1.44

1.44

1.44

1.43

1.43

1.42

1.43

1.44

1.44

1.48

1.51

1.52

1.52

1.52

1.52

1.57

1.60

1.54

1.51

1.52

DurablG goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods1

1.80
1.86
1.72
2.26
1.86
1.78
.61
3.66
1.57

1.81
1.76
1.71
2.25
1.84
1.83
.64
3.63
1.58

1.79
1.70
1.72
2.13
1.80
1.91
.67
3.70
1.56

1.78
1.66
1.74
2.12
1.80
1.88
.65
3.74
1.54

1.77
1.73
1.69
2.10
1.74
1.87
.63
3.68
1.57

1.75
1.64
1.66
2.06
1.70
1.91
.61
3.92
1.53

1.75
1.66
1.74
2.04
1.67
1.90
.60
3.96
1.53

1.76
1.68
1.71
2.09
1.71
1.87
.57
4.01
1.55

1.79
1.73
1.72
2.11
1.68
1.93
.57
4.30
1.58

1.84
1.80
1.76
2.09
1.69
2.04
.61
4.35
1.63

1.87
1.81
1.81
2.14
1.75
2.07
.63
4.24
1.65

1.89
1.87
1.80
2.13
1.80
2.18
.61
4.64
1.59

1.90
1.80
1.80
2.09
1.77
2.27
.66
4.44
1.59

1.88
1.81
1.74
2.14
1.77
2.15
.60
4.44
1.61

1.90
1.82
1.76
2.11
1.79
2.20
.62
4.41
1.64

1.97
1.83
1.80
2.09
1.78
2.50
.77
4.58
1.66

2.04
1.97
1.87
2.22
1.77
2.61
.84
4.59
1.68

1.93
1.92
1.80
2.17
1.71
2.33
.71
4.33
1.62

1.87
1.84
1.76
2.15
1.69
2.15
.64
4.23
1.61

1.87
1.83
1.72
2.11
1.65
2.18
.68
4.17

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
.
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

1.08
.86
1.16
1.22
.78
1.26
1.26

1.08
.89
1.16
1.18
.77
1.27
1.24

1.08
.89
1.13
1.20
.80
1.31
1.23

1.09
.88
1.12
1.21
.84
1.26
1.25

1.09
.87
1.10
1.22
.83
1.28
1.27

1.09
.88
1.10
1.22
.84
1.29
1.27

1.10
.86
1.12
1.23
.84
1.31
1.28

1.10
.88
1.12
1.22
.82
1.28
1.28

1.08
.86
1.09
1.25
.79
1.32
1.25

1.11
.87
1.13
1.27
.87
1.31
1.27

1.13
.90
1.19
1.29
.84
1.36
1.30

1.13
.91
1.19
1.27
.82
1.36
1.31

1.13
.91
1.18
1.26
.87
1.30
1.30

1.14
.92
1.19
1.28
.88
1.32
1.28

1.14
.95
1.18
1.26
.81
1.31
1.31

1.16
.93
1.19
1.28
.92
1.38
1.32

1.18
.94
1.25
1.34
.85
1.43
1.33

1.16
.93
1.22
1.32
.85
1.41
1.33

1.15
.93
1.18
1.31
.89
1.35
1.31

1.16
.94
1.22
1.32
.92
1.36
1.30

1.34

1.35

1.33

1.36

1.37

1.37

1.37

1.33

1.33

1.35

1.35

1.33

1.34

1.35

1.37

1.42

1.43

1.39

1.37

1.40

1.92
.86
.77
.94

1.93
.87
.80
.92

1.87
.88
.79
.96

1.93
.90

1.98

1.90
.93
.87

1.92
.91
.87
.94

1.84
.90
.81
.97

1.84
.90
.78

1.88
.89
.77

1.87
.90
.77
1.00

1.83
.91
.81
.98

1.78
.94
.84
1.01

1.80
.94
.83
1.02

.95
.83
1.03

1.90
.99
.88
1.08

1.95
.99
.89
1.07

1.88
.97
.88

1.04

1.82
.99
.92
1.04

1.87
1.00
.91
1.08

1.43

1.42

1.40

1.45

1.40

1.41

1.42

1.42

1.47

1.46

1.44

1.48

1.44

1.48

1.47

1.49

1.48

1.46

1.48

1.50

2.13
2.02
2.28
1.03
.69
1.20

2.09
1.89
2.37
1.04
.69
1.21

1.73
2.34
1.04
.68
1.22

2.12
1.93
2.38
1.05
.68
1.23

1.98
1.70
2.36
1.06
.70
1.23

2.01
1.77
2.31
1.05
.69
1.22

2.07
1.85
2.36
1.04
.70
1.21

2.07
1.87
2.33
1.03
.70
1.18

2.19
2.05
2.37
1.04
.70
1.21

2.13
1.95
2.37
1.07
.72
1.23

2.05
1.79
2.39
1.07
.73
1.23

2.19
2.06
2.38
1.07
.74
1.23

2.06
1.83
2.34
1.07
.74
1.23

2.16
1.95
2.43
1.07
.74
1.23

2.18
1.99
2.42
1.06
.75
1.21

2.20
2.03
2.43
1.07
.76
1.22

2.18
2.00
2.42
1.08
.78
1.23

2.14
1.96
2.38
1.08
.78
2

2.18
2.00
2.41
1.09
.78
1.23

2.17
1.98
2.43
1.12
.79
1.28

Manufacturing and trade
Manufacturing

Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers3
Other durable goods3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods

1992

1993

1995

1994

1996

1.46

1.45

1.44

1.43

1.43

1.44

1.43

1.42

1.40

1.41

1.40

1.39

1.40

1.42

1.42

1.40

1.40

1.39

1.38

1.37

1.50

1.47

1.47

1.44

1.43

1.44

1.45

1.41

1.40

1.39

1.38

1.36

1.36

1.39

1.39

1.38

1.40

157

1.37

1.37

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods1

1.84
1.80
1.76
2.06
1.64
2.09
.68
3.96
1.62

1.78
1.77
1.74
1.99
1.62
1.95
.64
3.83
1.62

1.77
1.80
1.73
2.01
1.57
1.93
.67
3.78
1.59

1.71
1.75
1.67
1.97
1.55
1.79
.61
3.59
1.59

1.70
1.70
1.67
1.89
1.58
1.78
.59
3.78
1.60

1.71
1.71
1.64
1.93
1.56
1.81
.61
3.80
1.60

1.73
1.74
1.67
1.92
1.54
1.92
.65
4.15
1.58

1.65
1.70
1.59
1.86
1.53
1.72
.58
3.96
1.54

1.64
1.67
1.54
1.90
1.50
1.67
.56
4.00
1.57

1.63
1.62
1.55
1.88
1.49
1.71
.57
4.25
1.53

1.61
1.60
1.55
1.84
1.50
1.65
.57
4.13
1.52

1.59
1.57
1.55
1.81
1.50
1.60
.56
4.08
1.50

1.57
1.59
1.55
1.82
1.51
1.53
.55
3.88
1.48

1.60
1.63
1.60
1.81
1.50
1.57
.59
3.83
1.54

1.60
1.63
1.58
1.81
1.49
1.57
.57
4.01
1.54

1.58
1.59
1.55
1.79
1.49
1.52
.57
3.87
1.56

1.61
1.61
1.57
1.78
1.49
1.62
.62
4.17
1.58

1.56
1.58
1.50
1.73
1.49
1.51
.56
3.85
1.53

1.56
1.57
1.53
1.70
1.50
1.50
.56
3.84
1.54

1.55
1.56
1.55
1.65
1.45
1.56
.58
3.79
1.53

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

1.16
.95
1.23
1.33
.86
1.30
1.33

1.16
.94
1.24
1.32
.90
1.30
1.30

1.18
.95
1.23
1.34
.92
1.30
1.32

1.17
.94
1.22
1.36
.91
1.32
1.30

1.15
.94
1.23
1.33
.85
1.26
1.31

1.18
.94
1.21
1.34
.91
1.28
1.36

1.17
.91
1.20
1.36
.89
1.28
1.36

1.15
.92
1.20
1.33
.88
1.25
1.33

1.14
.92
1.19
1.32
.85
1.25
1.32

1.14
.94
1.19
1.29
.85
1.21
1.30

1.13
.94
1.15
1.28
.88
1.23
1.28

1.12
.90
1.12
1.29
.88
1.21
1.30

1.13
.93
1.12
1.29
.85
1.24
1.32

1.16
.93
1.17
1.36
.90
1.28
1.33

1.16
.92
1.22
1.35
.87
1.26
1.34

1.16
.92
1.25
1.35
.86
1.25
1.31

1.16
.93
1.27
1.38
.84
1.27
1.30

1.15
.93
1.22
1.36
.86
1.22
1.26

1.15
.95
1.22
1.36
.84
1.24
1.25

1.15
.95
1.20
1.35
.82
1.26
1.26

1.39

1.41

1.38

1.40

1.38

1.38

1.38

1.39

1.36

1.36

1.35

1.36

1.36

1.37

1-37

1.35

1.35

1.35

1.32

1.31

1.83
1.01
.91

1.84
1.03
.92
1.10

1.80
1.00
.87
1.10

1.78
1.05
.93
1.13

1.74
1.04
.93
1.13

1.72
1.06
.95
1.14

1.69
1.07
.93
1.17

1.70
1.08
.98
1.15

1.66
1.06
1.11

1.68
1.05
.95
1.12

1.65
1.05
.92
1.15

1.64
1.07
.93
1.17

1.06
.90
1.18

1.67
1.07
.89
1.20

1.66
1.08
.94
1.18

1.64
1.05
.91
1.15

1.63
1.05
.91
1.15

1.61
1.07
.94
1.15

1.62
1.00
.83
1.11

1.58
1.00
.82
1.13

1.46

1.47

1.46

1.45

1.50

1.48

1.46

1.45

1.45

1.47

1.47

1.47

1.50

1.49

1.48

1.44

1.44

1.46

1.45

2.09
1.91
2.31
1.10
.78
1.24

2.10
1.93
2.33
1.11
.78
1.25

2.06
1.89
2.27
1.11
.79
1.26

2.01
1.84
2.24
1.11
.79
1.24

2.11
1.99
2.28
1.13
.79
1.28

2.08
1.94
2.26
1.12
.79
1.26

2.01
1.85
223
1.12
.80
1.26

1.97
1.75
2.27
1.12
.80
1.25

1.77
2.27
1.11
.80
1.23

1.98
1.77
2.25
1.13
.80
1.27

1.81
222
1.13
.81
1.26

1.97
1.79
2.20
1.13
.81
1.26

2.06
1.94
222
1.14
.81
1.27

2.07
1.94
2.24
1.14
.81
1.27

2.03
1.86
2.25
1.13
.83
1.26

2.01
1.88
2.18
1.12
.83
1.24

1.93
1.73
2.19
1.11
.82
1.22

1.94
1.81
2.10
1.10
.82
1.20

1.97
1.86
2.11
1.10
.83
1.21

1.95
1.83
2.09
1.10
.84
1.20

Manufacturing and trade
Manufacturing

Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
DUCCIDIG Q O O Q S

••••>•••>•<
3

Motor vehicle dealers
Other durable goods3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods
See footnotes at the end of the table.




28

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 3.—-Real Inventory-Sales Ratios for Manufacturing and Trade, Seasonally Adjusted—Continued
[Ratio, based on chained (1996) dollars]
1997

1997

1999

1998

1998

1

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
.
.
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods'

.

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred Droducts
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2
Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers 3
Other durable goods 3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods

.

IV

I

II

III

IV

1

II

III

1.37

1.36

1.37

1.37

1.37

1.37

1.36

1.34

1.32

1.31

1.36

1.35

1.36

1.35

1.36

1.37

1.36

1.36

156

1.36

Manufacturing

III

1.36

Manufacturing and trade

II

1.36

1.34

1.34

1.35

1.37

1.37

1.35

1.33

1.31

1.30

1.35

1.33

1.35

1.33

1.35

1.35

1.33

1.35

154

154
1.54
1.57
1.64
1.41
156
.56
3.91
1.51

153
1.52
1.56
1.59
1.40
157
.56
3.70
1.50

1.49
1.52
1.55
1,54
1.36
1.51
.53
3.77
1.49

1.49
1.54
1.55
1.53
1.37
1.50
.51
3.74
1.49

1.49
1.51
1.58
1.48
1.38
1.52
.54
3.64
1.49

1.52
1.57
1.59
1.44
1.36
1.63
.57
3.85
1.50

1.50
1.62
1.57
1.43
1.29
1.62
.55
3.85
1.50

1.46
1.66
1.57
1.42
1.25
1.49
.54
3.37
1.48

1.45
1.59
1.59
1.42
1.27
1.45
.52
3.45
1.49

1.41
1.56
1.58
1.36
1.24
1.38
.52
3.30
1.48

1.38
1.49
1.59
1.31
1.21
1.34
.49
3.36
1.49

1.51
1.53
1.56
1.55
1.37
1.55
.56
3.68
1.49

1.49
1.51
1.55
1.53
1.41
1.49
.52
3.76
1.47

1.51
1.54
1.55
1.57
1.37
1.54
.53
3.92
1.52

1.48
1.51
1.54
1.51
1.32
1.53
.55
3.72
1.46

1.50
1.51
1.54
1.52
1.36
1.56
.52
4.11
1.48

1.50
1.52
1.56
1.55
1.37
1.51
.52
3.60
1.51

1.47
1.53
1.54
1.50
1.35
1.48
.51
3.67
1.47

1.51
1.53
1.57
1.47
1.41
1.58
.54
3.78
1.50

1.48
1.50
1.54
1.48
1.36
1.52
.52
3.69
1.48

1.14
.95
1.19
1.34
.86
1.25
1.25

1.15
.96
1.15
1.34
.87
1.25
1.28

1.15
.96
1.16
1.37
.84
1.25
1.26

1.16
.96
1.15
1.39
.85
1.24
1.27

1.16
.94
1.18
1.44
.81
1.26
1.28

1.18
.95
1.20
1.47
.83
1.29
1.29

1.19
.94
1.21
1.52
.85
1.28
1.31

1.20
.93
1.20
1.50
.90
1.30
1.35

1.18
.94
1.18
1.48
.81
1.27
1.31

1.18
.95
1.21
1.46
.84
1.29
1.29

1.18
.95
1.20
1.43
.84
1.30
1.29

1.15
.96
1.16
1.35
.86
1.27
1.28

1.14
.95
1.14
1.35
.81
1.25
1.25

1.15
.96
1.16
1.36
.83
1.27
1.28

1.15
.97
1.15
1.36
.87
1.24
1.26

1.15
.97
1.13
1.38
.85
1.23
1.27

1.16
.96
1.15
1.40
.87
1.26
1.27

1.15
.95
1.13
1.38
.84
1.22
1.26

1.15
.94
1.17
1.41
.80
1.26
1.26

1.16
.95
1.18
1.43
.81
1.26
1.27

1.30

1.32

1.32

1.34

1.34

1.33

1.35

1.35

1.33

1.31

1.32

1.31

1.30

1.32

1.32

1.32

1.34

1.34

1.32

1.33

1.58
.99
.82
1.11

1.61
1.00
.83
1.12

1.59
1.03
.85
1.15

1.59
1.06
.87
1.19

1.60
1.04
.86
1.16

1.58
1.04
.87
1.16

1.61
1.06
.92
1.17

1.63
1.04
.88
1.14

1.59
1.03
.92
1.11

1.56
1.02
.90
1.10

1.55
1.04
.97
1.11

1.59
.99
.82
1.12

1.56
1.01
.84
1.12

1.59
1.03
.85
1.13

1.57
1.03
.84
1.15

1.56
1.04
.86
1.17

1.58
1.06
.89
1.17

1.59
1.05
.88
1.17

1.57
1.03
.86
1.15

1.59
1.04
.86
1.16

1.42

1.44

1.42

1.43

1.43

1.39

1.40

1.38

1.35

1.35

1.34

1.43

1.42

1.40

1.42

1.43

1.43

1.43

1.42

1.42

1.90
1 77
2.06
1.09
.83
1.19

1.93
181
2.07
1.11
.84
1.20

1.87
1.75
2.03
1.10
.85
1.19

1.89
1.81
1.98
1.11
.84
1.21

1.85
1.78
1.94
1.12
.85
1.22

1.78
1.69
1.90
1.11
.85
1.20

1.81
1.76
1.87
1.11
.84
1.20

1.77
1.71
1.84
1.09
.83
1.18

1.71
1.63
1.80
1.08
.84
1.16

1.71
1.61
1.82
1.07
.84
1.15

1.66
1.59
1.82
1.06
.85
1.13

1.91
1.79
2.06
1.10
.84
1.19

1.89
1.77
2.05
1.09
.84
1.19

1.85
1.72
2.00
1.09
.85
1.17

1.87
1.75
2.01
1.10
.85
1.19

1.90
1.82
2.00
1.10
.84
1.19

1.88
1.81
1.97
1.10
.85
1.19

1.86
1.78
1.97
1.11
.85
1.21

1.84
1.78
1.91
1.12
.85
1.21

1.84
1.78
1.92
1.11
.85
1.20

June

July

Aug.

Apr.

May

June

July

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

1999

1998
Mar.

Sep.

Aug.

Sep.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Aug.

Sep.

Oct."

1.36

1.36

1.37

1.36

1.37

1.37

1.36

1.36

1.36

1.34

1.35

1.33

1.32

1.33

1.32

1.31

1.31

1.30

1.32

151

1.33

1.35

1.37

1.37

1.37

1.37

1.35

1.36

1.36

1.34

1.34

1.33

1.32

1.33

1.32

1.30

1.30

1.29

1.30

1.30

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods l

1.46
1.51
1.56
1.45
1.36
1.46
.52
3.49
1.47

1.50
1.53
1.59
1.45
1.39
1.55
.53
3.74
1.51

1.51
1.57
1.57
1.46
1.40
1.58
.54
3.80
1.52

1.51
1.59
1.59
1.41
1.33
1.70
.60
3.86
1.47

1.51
1.60
1.56
1.41
1.31
1.73
.59
4.09
1.48

1.50
1.60
1.58
1.43
1.31
1.60
.53
3.90
1.52

1.47
1.62
1.57
1.43
1.26
1.53
.52
3.59
1.50

1.47
1.65
1.58
1.42
1.28
1.51
.51
3.46
1.50

1.47
1.67
1.58
1.44
1.26
1.49
.53
3.33
1.49

1.45
1.67
1.56
1.41
1.24
1.49
.53
3.49
1.46

1.45
1.64
1.57
1.42
1.23
1.48
.52
3.56
1.49

1.46
1.63
1.59
1.40
1.27
1.48
.52
3.56
1.48

1.43
1.56
1.59
1.40
1.26
1.41
.51
3.35
1.47

1.43
1.59
1.59
1.37
1.24
1.44
.52
3.40
1.48

1.41
1.57
1.60
1.36
1.24
1.39
.52
3.22
1.48

1.40
1.54
1.58
1.36
1.23
1.35
.49
3.43
1.47

1.39
1.52
1.60
1.27
1.20
1.39
.50
3.65
1.50

1.37
1.49
1.57
1.30
1.20
1.31
.49
3.11
1.49

1.39
1.48
1.60
1.33
1.21
1.37
.50
3.47
1.48

1.39
1.51
1.62
1.25
1.23
1.39
.52
3.39
1.47

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

1.16
.94
1.18

1.17
.94
1.19
1.47

1.18
.96
1.19
1.47

1.18
.95
1.20
1.46

1.20
.95
1.20
1.54

1.19
.94
1.22
1.55

1.19
.93
1.22
1.51

1.21
.93
1.22
1.54

1.21
.93
1.21
1.53

1.18
.92
1.18
1.46

1.20
.94
1.19
1.52

1.17
.94
1.16
1.48

1.17
.93
1.20
1.46

1.19
.95
1.21
1.47

1.19
.95
1.21
1.49

1.17
.94
1.22
1.45

1.18
.95
1.21
1.46

1.17
.94
1.17
1.43

1.18
.94
1.20
1.43

1.17
.95
1.21
1.43

Manufacturing and trade
Manufacturing

Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Groceries and farm products
Other nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers 3
Other durable goods 3
Nondurable goods
Food stores
Other nondurable goods ..

145
77

.82

.86

.84

.87

.84

.84

.91

.97

.84

.88

.79

.78

.88

.87

.81

.82

.85

.86

.84

1.26
1.28

1.26
1.28

1.28
1.30

1.30
1.29

1.28
1.28

1.28
1.30

1.28
1.33

1.29
1.35

1.31
1.34

1.29
1.36

1.31
1.32

1.26
1.31

1.26
1.31

1.29
1.30

1.29
1.29

1.28
1.29

1.31
1.28

1.28
1.29

1.30
1.30

1.30
1.29

1.33

1.32

1.33

1.33

1.32

1.34

1.35

1.35

1.35

1.33

1.34

1.32

1.31

1.32

1.30

1.29

1.30

1.31

1.32

1.59
103
.86
1.15

1.57
1 03
.85
1.15

1.59
1.03
.85
1.15

1.58
104
.86
1.16

1.57
1.04
.86
1.16

1.59
1.06
.88
1.17

1.61
1.05
.91
1.15

1.62
1.04
.90
1.15

1.62
1.04
.89
1.13

1.60
1.02
.88
1.12

1.61
1.03
.91
1.11

1.58
1.03
.89
1.12

1.57
1.01
.90
1.09

1.56
1.04
.92
1.12

1.55
1.02
.91
1.10

1.54
100
.90
1.07

1.55
102
.90
1.10

1.53
104
.95
1.10

1.54
1.05
.97
1.12

1.55
1.03
.92
1.11

1.42

1.42

1.40

1.39

1.40

1.40

1.40

1.38

1.38

1.37

1.37

1.34

1.34

1.35

1.33

1.34

1.33

1.33

154

1.33

1.85
1.78
1.93
1.11
.85
1.21

1.85
1.78
1.92
1.11
.85
1.21

1.81
1.76
1.87
1.10
.84
1.19

1.76
1.66
1.88
1.11
.85
1.20

1.81
1.75
1.87
1.10
.85
1.19

1.80
1.74
1.87
1.10
.84
1.20

1.80
1.75
1.86
1.11
.84
1.20

1.77
1.72
1.83
1.09
.84
1.18

1.77
1.72
1.83
1.08
.84
1.17

1.74
1.68
1.82
1.09
.83
1.17

1.74
1.67
1.82
1.08
.85
1.16

1.69
1.60
1.78
1.07
.84
1.15

1.71
1.63
1.79
1.07
.84
1.15

1.71
1.62
1.80
1.07
.84
1.15

1.68
1.57
1.80
1.07
.84
1.14

1.71
1.60
1.83
1.07
.84
1.14

1.66
1.58
1.83
1.06
.84
1.13

1.64
1.55
1.81
1.06
.84
1.13

1.66
1.60
1.80
1.06
.85
1.13

166

p Preliminary.
1. Includes lumber and wood products; furniture and fixtures; stone, clay, and glass products; instruments and
related products; and miscellaneous manufacturing industries.
2. Includes tobacco manufacturers; textile mill products; apparel products; printing and publishing; and leather
and leather products.




1.60
1.78
1.06
.85
1.12

3. Prior to 1981, inventories and sales of auto and home supply stores are included in motor vehicle dealers.
Beginning with 1981, these inventories are included in "other durable goods."
NOTE.—Manufacturing inventories are classified by the type of product produced by the establishment holding
the inventory. Trade inventories are classified by the type of product sold by the establishment holding the inventory.

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 4.—-Real Manufacturing Inventories by Stage of Fabrication, Seasonally Adjusted, End of Period
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
1977

1979

1978

1981

Materials and supplies
110.4

113.4

114.1

112.5

111.9

113.8

116.3

116.9

118.7

118.7

120.0

121.4

123.4

123.4

120.8

120.7

121.7

121.2

122.2

121.3

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods»

60.9
13.2
10.7
8.1
5.7
7.1
3.9
14.1

62.7
13.2
11.3
8.1
5.8
7.3
4.8
14.3

62.8
13.0
11.2
8.2
6.0
7.8
4.6
14.2

62.0
12.4
10.8
8.4
6.0
7.6
4.4
14.3

61.5
11.5
10.9
8.5
6.1
7.4
4.5
14.4

63.0
11.6
11.0
8.9
6.5
7.7
4.4
14.6

65.3
11.8
11.3
9.3
6.8
8.3
4.9
14.9

65.5
11.7
11.4
9.4
6.9
7.9
5.1
14.9

67.1
11.4
11.6
9.6
7.3
8.9
5.0
15.1

67.6
11.5
11.7
9.7
7.7
8.4
5.1
15.2

68.4
11.7
11.8
10.0
7.5
8.8
5.3
15.2

69.9
12.0
11.6
10.5
7.8
8.2
6.1
15.4

70.6
12.1
11.6
10.7
8.0
7.7
6.5
15.6

70.3
12.4
11.3
10.8
8.1
6.9
6.8
15.6

68.8
11.8
10.7
10.9
8.2
6.0
6.9
15.5

68.7
11.5
10.8
10.8
8.1
6.5
7.0
15.5

69.6
12.0
10.8
10.7
8.2
6.7
7.3
15.6

69.3
11.5
10.6
10.9
8.4
6.3
7.3
15.7

70.0
11.9
10.8
11.1
8.5
6.1
7.3
15.7

69.1
12.1
10.5
11.1
8.3
5.6
7.2
15.4

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

49.6
11.2
5.2
9.1
2.9
3.7
17.4

50.8
11.7
5.3
9.3
2.9
3.7
17.7

51.5
12.0
5.3
9.6
2.9
3.7
17.7

50.6
10.7
5.3
9.8
3.0
3.8
18.0

50.4
10.5
5.3
9.9
3.1
3.9
17.8

50.8
10.5
5.3
10.2
3.1
3.9
17.7

50.8
10.4
5.3
10.4
3.1
4.0
17.5

51.3
10.3
5.4
10.5
3.1
4.1
17.8

51.4
10.4
5.5
10.7
3.0
4.1

50.8
10.2
5.6

51.7

17.6

17.9

17.5

51.6
10.6
5.9
10.9
3.0
4.0
17.2

51.7
10.4
6.0
10.7
3.0
4.1
17.4

51.5
10.3
6.0
10.8
3.1
4.0
17.2

51.7
10.7
6.1
10.7
2.9
4.1
17.3

51.9

10.6
6.0
10.7
3.1
3.8

17.3

52.4
10.8
5.9
11.3
2.8
4.2
17.6

10.9
6.2
11.0
2.9
4.1

17.7

51.0
10.7
5.7
10.5
2.9
4.1
17.2

52.8

10.7
2.9
4.2

51.3
10.2
5.7
10.5
3.0
4.2

Manufacturing

10.4
6.0
10.7
3.0
4.0
17.7

Work-in-process
101.4

99.9

102.7

104.2

106.1

108.2

109.2

112.0

112.9

115.9

117.5

119.4

120.5

120.6

119.4

119.6

120.5

119.3

119.3

117.7

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods >

82.5
10.8
8.9
12.5
7.7
6.5
25.7
10.4

81.0
10.7
8.8
12.4
8.0
6.8
23.3
10.3

83.3
10.8
9.4
12.6
8.3
6.7
24.3
10.7

84.5
10.7
9.6
12.8
8.7
7.0
24.3
10.8

86.4
10.5
10.2
13.2
9.1
7.1
24.6
11.0

88.4
10.8
10.2
13.6
9.3
7.2
25.5
11.1

89.2
11.1
10.2
13.9
9.5
7.1
25.0
11.3

91.6
11.5
10.1
14.4
9.8
7.4
26.0
11.4

92.4
11.0
10.0
14.7
10.3
7.4
26.2
11.5

95.1
11.3
10.3
15.1
10.7
7.3
27.9
11.5

96.3
11.5
10.1
15.4
11.3
6.8
28.7
11.4

98.5
11.6
10.1
15.9
11.7
6.4
30.5
11.5

99.1
11.1
10.1
16.2
11.7
6.0
31.3
11.7

99.3
11.7
9.8
16.4
11.5
5.7
31.4
11.7

98.3
10.9
9.7
16.4
11.5
5.9
31.2
11.5

98.2
11.1
9.9
16.4
11.6
5.4
30.9
11.6

99.2
11.7
9.6
16.5
11.9
5.1
31.6
11.7

98.4
11.5
9.4
16.1
12.1
5.0
31.5
11.6

98.6
11.7
9.2
16.3
12.3
4.9
31.0
11.6

97.0
11.8
9.2
16.1
12.1
4.6
30.2
11.6

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

18.7
3.2
1.1
3.9
1.9
1.5
7.1

18.8
3.1
1.0
4.0
2.0
1.5
7.1

19.3
3.1
1.1
4.0
2.2
1.6
7.2

19.7
3.2
1.1
4.1
2.2
1.6
7.4

19.5
3.1
1.0
4.0
2.1
1.6
7.6

19.6
3.1
1.1
4.0
2.0
1.6
7.6

19.8
3.3
1.1
4.2
1.9
1.6
7.6

20.1
3.5
1.1
4.3
2.0
1.7
7.5

20.1
3.4
1.1
4.3
2.1
1.6
7.5

20.5
3.6
1.1
4.3
2.2
1.7
7.5

20.9
3.8
1.0
4.5
2.3
1.6
7.5

20.6
3.7
1.1
4.2
2.3
1.7
7.4

21.1
3.9
1.2
4.5
2.4
1.7
7.4

20.9
3.7
1.2
4.5
2.5
1.5
7.3

20.8
3.6
1.2
4.5
2.5
1.5
7.2

21.0
3.5
1.2
4.6
2.6
1.6
7.3

21.0
3.7
1.2
4.7
2.3
1.7
7.3

20.6
3.6
1.2
4.5
2.3
1.6
7.3

20.4
3.5
1.2
4.5
2.2
1.6
7.4

20.3
3.5
1.2
4.4
2.3
1.6
7.3

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods'

46.2
7.8
6.4
8.7
4.7
2.5
2.6
13.5

46.3
8.0
6.2
8.7
4.8
2.6
2.6

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

51.8
15.2
3.4
13.1
4.7
4.3

52.6

Manufacturing

rinisnea gooas

See footnotes at the end of the table.




100.9

100.9

101.6

102.0

103.2

103.8

104.4

104.0

104.0

106.0

107.4

105.5

104.9

106.5

108.2

109.9

110.9

46.0
8.0
6.3
8.5
4.7
2.7
2.5
13.4

46.7
8.0
6.5
8.8
4.8
2.6
2.5

47.2
7.8
6.4
8.9
5.0
2.7
2.7
13.8

47.7
8.0
6.5
9.0
5.3
2.5
2.5
13.7

47.7
7.9
6.6
9.0
5.3
2.4
2.7

50.2
7.5
7.0
10.0
5.0
3.0
3.3
14.4

50.8
7.7
6.9
10.3
4.8
3.1
3.5
14.6

50.7
7.6
7.0
10.5
5.0
2.9
3.5
14.2

50.6
7.7
7.1
10.3
5.4
2.6
3.2
14.1

51.3
7.7
7.2
10.4
5.7
2.6
3.4
14.3

52.0
7.5
7.1
11.0
5.8
2.5
3.6
14.2

51.5
7.4
7.1
11.1
5.5
2.4
3.8
14.1

52.0
7.6
7.2

522
7.9
7.0

11.1
5.5
2.3
3.9
14.3

11.3
5.6
2.2
3.9

13.7

48.7
7.8
6.7
9.5
5.2
2.5
2.7
14.0

14.2

52.6
8.1
7.1
11.2
5.6
2.2
3.9
14.3

54.1
8.6
7.3
11.4
5.9
2.2
4.0
14.6

54.7
8.8
7.2
11.8
5.9
2.1
4.3
14.4

53.7
15.6
3.6

54.2
15.6
3.6
14.0
5.1
4.6
11.3

53.7
15.4
3.7

54.0
15.4
3.8
14.1
4.6
4.7
11.5

54.4
15.5
3.8
14.1
4.5
4.7
11.8

54.5
15.7
3.6
14.0
4.7
4.8
11.7

53.4
16.0
3.5
13.1
4.0
4.8
12.0

53.3
16.4
3.6
12.8
4.0
4.7
11.9

53.0
16.0
3.4
13.0
4.3
4.8
11.5

53.2
15.6
3.6

54.4
15.7
3.7
13.5
5.2
4.6
11.4

55.2
15.6
3.8

53.8
15.7
3.8
13.3
5.2
4.3
11.2

52.5
15.4
3.8
13.1
4.8
4.3
11.0

54.0
15.8
3.7
13.3
5.2
4.3
11.1

55.3
16.2
3.7

55.6
16.1
3.8
14.3
5.3
4.5
11.1

55.8
16.0
4.0

98.9

Manufacturing

11.0

13.5
15.3
3.4
13.3
5.1
4.5
11.0

13.8
5.1
4.6
11.0

13.4

14.2
4.7
4.6
11.2

13.3
4.7
4.7
11.2

14.1
5.4
4.5
11.4

14.0
5.4
4.4
11.0

14.6
5.1
4.5
11.6

30

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 4.—fleal Manufacturing Inventories by Stage of Fabrication, Seasonally Adjusted, End of Period—Continued
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
1982

1985

1983

Materials and supplies
120.0

119.0

117.2

115.3

111.9

113.0

114.2

116.3

118.4

120.8

124.2

122.9

121.6

121.5

119.6

120.1

118.3

118.9

118.4

1195

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods'

67.6
12.2
10.1
11.1
8.0
5.0
7.0
15.2

66.5
11.6
9.8
11.0
7.8
4.9
7.3
15.1

65.0
10.9
9.7
10.7
7.7
4.7
7.4
14.9

63.5
10.3
9.3
10.5
7.6
4.7
7.4
14.5

60.9
9.7
9.0
10.3
7.5
4.4
6.5
14.1

61.5
9.4
9.1
10.3
7.6
4.7
6.9
14.1

62.2
9.1
9.4
10.1
7.7
4.9
7.1
14.7

63.7
9.5
9.4
10.1
8.0
5.3
7.3
15.0

65.2
9.4
9.6
10.4
8.2
5.7
7.9
15.1

9.6
9.9
10.5
8.6
5.8
7.8
15.8

69.3
10.1
9.9
11.1
9.0
6.0
7.9
16.3

69.0
9.4
10,0
10.8
9.2
6.2
8.2
16.3

68.1
8.7
9.7
10.8
9.3
6.1
7.8
16.5

67.8
8.6
9.5
10.8
9.1
6.2
8.0
16.4

67.1
8.4
9.6
10.5
8.9
6.3
8.2
16.3

67.1
8.0
9.6
10.3
8.8
6.4
8.7
16.4

65.5
7.7
9.7
9.8
8.7
6.0
8.7
16.2

65.9
7.7
10.0
9.9
8.8
5.8
8.9
16.1

65.5
7.4
9.6
10.0
8.7
5.9
9.4
16.0

65.8
7.5
9.5
10.0
8.5
5.7
9.7
16.3

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

52.2
10.3
6.0
10.5
3.4
3.7
17.9

52.4
10.5
5.9
10.4
3.4
3.6
18.3

52.1
10.3
5.8
10.4
3.5
3.6
18.0

51.9
10.4
6.0
10.0
3.5
3.7
17.9

51.1
10.5
5.8
9.9
3.6
3.6
17.2

51.6
10.0
5.9
9.8
3.8
3.8
17.8

52.1
10.6
6.0
10.0
3.3
3.8
18.1

52.6
10.3
6.2
10.5
3.2
4.0
18.2

53.2
10.3
6.4
10.6
3.2
4.3
18.2

53.9
10.1
6.7
11.0
3.3
4.3
18.4

54.7
10.0
6.8
11.0
3.5
4.5
18.9

53.6
10.2
6.8
10.9
3.2
4.3
18.3

53.3
10.1
6.7
10.9
3.1
4.1
18.3

53.5
10.4
6.6
11.1
3.0
4.3
18.1

52.2
10.3
6.5
10.9
2.6
4.1
17.9

52.9
10.4
6.7
10.9
3.0
4.3
17.6

52.7
10.2
7.0
10.6
3.1
4.4
17.5

52.9
10.4
6.9
11.2
3.0
4.3
17.1

52.8
10.5
7.0
11.4
3.0
4.4
16.6

53.7
10.5
7.0
11.5
3.1
4.4
17.4

Manufacturing

Work-in-process
Manufacturing

115.2

114.9

113.4

108.9

109.0

109.4

110.9

114.0

118.7

121.9

124.0

123.1

122.8

123.5

121.6

121.7

121.2

119.7

1185

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
, Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods'

94.6
11.4
9.1
15.4
11.9
4.8
29.4
11.5

94.2
10.7
8.9
15.2
11.9
4.8
30.2
11.4

92.9
10.5
8.7
14.6
11.7
4.5
30.8
11.3

91.7
10.0
8.1
14.0
11.7
4.1
32.6
11.1

88.9
9.4
8.0
13.6
11.5
4.3
30.9
10.9

88.9
9.2
8.1
13.4
11.7
4.5
30.2
11.3

88.7
9.4
8.3
13.2
11.6
4.7
29.8
11.3

90.3
9.7
8.2
13.3
12.2
4.9
30,0
11.6

92.8
9.8
8.4
13.5
12.3
5.0
31.8
11.9

96.9
10.3
8.6
14.0
12.5
5.0
34.3
12.3

100.1
10.1
8.7
14.1
13.0
5.0
37.0
12.8

102.3
9.8
8.7
14.5
13.0
5.0
38.0
13.5

101.9
9.7
8.6
14.4
12.9
4.9
37.8
14.0

101.8
9.1
8.4
14.1
12.9
4.9
38.0
14.5

102.3
* 8.7
8.5
14.4
12.7
4.7
38.0
15.0

100.1
8.4
8.8
14.2
12.2
4.5
36.9
14.8

100.6
8.3
8.6
14.2
12.1
4.7
37.8
15.0

99.7
8.2
8.8
13.9
11.8
4.6
37.4
15.0

98.4
8.1
8.9
13.6
11.7
4.2
36.4
15.4

96.7
8.2
8.9
13.5
11.4
4.5
34.5
15.5

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

20.3
3.3
1.2
4.4
2.6
1.7
6.9

20.4
3.3
1.2
4.5
2.5
1.7
6.9

20.3
3.4
1.3
4.3
2.5
1.7
6.9

19.6
3.5
1.2
4.2
2.3
1.5
6.7

19.8
3.4
1.2
4.2
2.5
1.4

20.0
3.3
1.3
4.1
2.4
1.5
7.2

20.6
3.3
1.2
4.2
2.5
1.6
7.5

20.4
3.3
1.3
4.4
2.2
1.7
7.5

21.0
3.3
1.3
4.3
2.4
1.7
7.9

21.6
3.3
1.3
4.9
2.4
1.9
7.7

21.5
3.5
1.4
5.0
2.2
1.7
7.7

21.3
3.4
1.5
4.7
2.2
1.8
7.8

20.7
3.3
1.5
4.8
1.9
1.7
7.6

20.5
3.3
1.5
4.9
2.0
1.7
7.3

20.7
3.2
1.5
4.9
1.8
1.8
7.6

21.2
3.2
1.5
4.8
2.2
1.8
7.8

20.5
3.3
1.4
4.6
1.9
1.8
7.6

21.1
3.3
1.4
4.7
2.3
1.7
7.8

21.0
3.3
1.5
4.8
2.2
1.7
7.6

21.7
3.2
1.5
4.9
2.5
1.8
7.8

Finished goods
111.4

108.4

109.7

1075

1045

104.9

106.3

106.8

108.3

112.1

115.4

115.8

115.7

115.9

114.8

114.6

114.6

114.9

114.0

114.8

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goodsJ

55.0
8.7
7.2
12.3
5.9
2.0
4.4
14.1

55.3
8.2
7.5
12.5
6.0
2.0
4.4
14.4

55.8
8.1
7.6
12.4
6.1
2.1
4.6
14.5

53.2
7.7
7.0
11.8
5.9
2.1
4.5
14.0

51.5
7.4
6.8
11.1
5.6
2.1
4.3
14.1

51.9
7.7
6.8
11.1
5.7
2.1
4.2
14.1

51.8
7.4
6.8
11.1
5.8
2.1
4.0
14.4

52.1
6.9
7.1
11.0
6.0
2.3
4.2
14.6

52.3
7.2
7.1
10.6
6.1
2.3
3.8
15.3

53.8
7.3
7.1
10.8
6.4
2.4
4.1
15.8

55.6
7.4
7.1
11.2
6.7
2.6
4.2
16.2

56.7
7.5
7.4
11.6
7.0
2.6
4.1
16.6

56.9
7.1
7.5
11.6
7.0
2.6
4.2
16.7

57.2
7.1
7.4
11.8
7.2
2.6
4.1
16.8

56.0
7.1
7.2
11.1
6.9
2.8
4.2
16.7

55.2
7.1
7.4
10.7
6.6
2.7
4.1
16.9

54.8
6.9
7.3
10.9
6.6
2.6
3.9
16.9

54.7
6.9
7.2
10.4
6.8
2.6
4.0
17.1

54.6
6.2
7.4
10.5
7.0
2.5
4.0
17.1

54.7
6.2
7.4
10.4
6.9
2.7
4.1
17.3

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

56.1
15.7
4.2
14.8
5.2
4.4
11.6

52.6
14.7
4.3
14.0
4.2
4.4
11.3

53.4
15.6
4.3
13.6
4.6
4.2
11.2

53.9
15.7
4.2
13.5
5.1
4.2
11.1

52.7
15.3
4.2
13.2
4.7
4.3
10.9

52.7
15.1
4.2
13.6
4.3
4.2
11.3

54.4
15.1
4.1
13.9
5.1
4.3
11.6

54.4
15.1
4.1
13.9
4.9
4.2
12.1

55.7
15.5
4.1
14.4
5.1
4.2
12.3

58.2
15.7
4.2
15.1
5.3
4.5
13.2

59.7
15.5
4.5
16.1
5.4
4.6
13.5

58.8
15.3
4.6
15.7
52
4.6
13.4

58.6
15.5
4.8
15.0
5.3
4.7
13.2

58.4
15.3
4.7
15.5
5.1
4.6
13.2

58.6
15.7
4.8
15.9
4.5
4.9
13.2

59.3
15.7
4.7
15.6
4.8
4.8
13.8

59.6
15.5
4.6
16.0
4.6
4.9
14.2

60.1
15.4
4.8
15.8
5.3
4.9
14.1

59.4
15.2
4.8
15.2
5.1
4.8
14.4

60.0
15.5
4.7
16.0
5.4
4.8
13.7

Manufacturing

See footnotes at the end of the table.




January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 4.—Real Manufacturing Inventories by Stage of Fabrication, Seasonally Adjusted, End of Period—Continued
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
1987

1988

1990

1989

1991

Materials and supplies
Manufacturing

121.7

123.4

124.6

126.0

125.9

127.2

127.3

128.3

128.2

128.8

128.9

129.2

130.7

131.6

129.6

130.4

131.3

67.2
7.6
9.7
10.7
8.6
5.5
9.3

68.0
7.6
9.9
10.9
8.6
5.6
9.6

69.1
7.7
10.0
11.4
8.7
5.8
9.6
16.9

69.1
7.8

70.7
7.8

10.0

10.4

70.5
8.0
10.0

70.8
7.9
9.9

70.8
7.9
9.9

11.7
8.9
5.6
9.4
17.8

11.7
9.5
5.4
9.5

11.7
9.6
5.5
9.1
17.8

71.0
7.8
9.8
11.7
9.3
5.4
9.7
17.9

72.3
7.8
9.6
11.9
9.2
5.9
10.6
18.1

70.6
7.7
9.3

11.7
8.9
5.6
9.4
17.6

71.1
7.9
9.7
11.8
9.4
5.6
9.4
17.9

72.4
7.9
9.9

11.3
8.8
5.4
9.4
17.3

71.1
8.1
10.2
11.8
9.3
5.4
9.1
17.9

12.0
9.2
6.0
10.3
18.0

11.7
9.3
5.8
9.9
17.7

71.0
7.8
9.4
11.5
9.5
5.7
10.0

56.9

56.4
11.0
7.3
12.1
3.3
5.1

57.8
11.1
7.8
12.6
3.6
5.1
17.7

58.2
11.5
7.7
12.8
3.3
5.4
17.7

58.4
11.5
7.7
12.9
3.4
5.3
17.7

11.7
7.8

12.4
3.4
5.1
17.8

58.0
11.1
7.7
12.5
3.7
5.1
18.0

59.2

17.6

57.1
10.9
7.6
12.4
3.2
5.1
17.9

59.3

17.9

56.7
10.8
7.5
12.2
3.4
5.0
17.9

57.4
11.2
7.6

11.8
3.5
4.9
17.9

57.0
11.2
7.5
11.8
3.5
5.0
18.1

119.4

120.9

120.8

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
'.
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods 1

65.7
7.2
9.4

66.5
7.0
9.5

65.7
6.9
9.6

7.2
9.7

10.0
8.5
5.8
9.8
16.3

10.2
8.8
5.7
9.7
16.7

10.2
8.7
5.6
9.4
16.5

10.5
8.7
5.7
9.1
16.6

16.8

16.8

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

53.7
10.7
7.2
11.2
2.8
4.4
17.4

54.5
10.9
7.3
11.1
2.8
4.6
17.9

55.3
11.2
7.3
11.3
3.0
4.6
17.8

55.4
11.0
7.4
11.5
3.1
4.6

56.4
11.1
7.3
11.9
3.5
4.7

56.8

17.8

11.4
7.4

11.1
7.5
11.9
3.4
5.0
18.0

17.6

17.9

71.0
7.7
9.2
11.4
9.7
6.1
9.6
18.2

18.0

11.9
7.8
13.1
3.6
5.3
17.6

59.5
12.1
7.8
13.0
3.8
5.3
17.6

60.5
12.1
8.1
13.0
3.8
5.4
18.1

13.0
3.6
5.4

Work-in-process
118.5

119.2

121.4

123.1

124.3

126.0

126.0

130.4

133.0

136.0

136.5

137.8

139.2

139.7

141.5

139.7

137.9

137.2

135.5

133.1

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods 1

96.3
8.0
9.2
13.4
11.2
4.4
34.3
15.5

96.9
8.1
8.9
13.8
11.4
4.4
34.3
15.6

99.1
8.3
8.9
13.9
11.4
4.5
35.9
16.0

100.7
8.6
8.9
13.7
11.6
4.6
36.9
16.3

101.6
8.6
8.9
14.0
11.5
4.5
38.0
16.2

103.1
8.6
8.8
14.3
11.5
4.6
39.8
15.9

103.1
8.8
9.0
14.4
11.6
4.4
39.7
15.6

107.1
9.0
9.1
14.7
11.8
4.7
42.1
16.4

109.4
9.3
9.0
14.9
11.9
4.7
43.6
16.7

112.1
9.4
9.0
15.5
11.9
4.6
45.6
17.0

112.6
9.1
9.0
15.4
11.9
4.7
46.7
16.8

114.0
9.0
9.0
15.7
12.0
4.4
49.2
16.2

115.2
8.7
9.0
15.4
12.0
4.3
51.1
16.5

115.5
8.6
8.8
15.1
11.9
4.4
52.2
16.6

117.2
8.9
8.6
15.4
12.0
4.7
53.1
16.7

115.5
8.8
8.8
15.2
11.9
4.7
51.9
16.4

114.0
8.9
8.3
15.2
11.8
4.5
51.5
15.9

112.7
9.0
8.3
15.2
11.6
4.5
50.1
15.9

110.6
8.8
8.3
14.6
11.3
4.5
49.2
15.9

108.4
8.5
8.1
14.7
11.2
4.3
47.3
15.8

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

22.2
3.3
1.5
4.9
2.4
1.7
8.3

22.2
3.5
1.5
5.0
2.3
1.7
8.2

22.1
3.5
1.5
4.9
2.4
1.7
8.1

22.3
3.5
1.5
4.9
2.5
1.8
8.1

22.5
3.5
1.4
5.2
2.5
1.8
8.1

22.7
3.7
1.4
5.0
2.4
1.9
8.3

22.6
3.8
1.5
4.9
2.5
1.8
8.1

23.0
3.7
1.5
5.1
2.5
1.8
8.3

23.2
3.8
1.5
5.1
2.6
1.9
8.3

23.3
3.8
1.6
5.1
2.7
1.9
8.3

23.4
3.8
1.5
5.3
2.5
1.9
8.4

23.3
3.8
1.5
5.3
2.6
1.8
8.2

23.5
3.9
1.5
5.4
2.8
1.8
8.1

23.6
4.0
1.5
5.5
2.7
1.8
8.0

23.8
4.0
1.4
5.5
2.9
1.9
8.0

23.7
4.2
1.5
5.6
2.7
1.9
7.9

23.4
4.2
1.5
5.6
2.6
1.8
7.7

24.1
4.2
1.5
5.8
3.0
1.9
7.8

24.5
4.4
1.5
5.9
3.0
2.0
7.8

24.5
4.4
1.5
6.0
2.8
2.0
7.9

Finished goods
114.9

113.7

114.1

116.3

116.8

117.4

118.8

121.7

122.5

125.1

127.1

126.0

128.1

129.5

130.3

130.6

130.2

128.7

128.5

130.0

DUTcLulG QOOCIS ••
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods 1

54.7
5.7
7.5
10.3
7.2
2.7
4.2

54.4
5.8
7.4
10.0
6.9
2.8
4.4

55.2
5.8
7.3
10.4
7.2
2.9
4.6

55.5
6.0
7.3
10.4
7.2
3.0
4.7

58.1
6.1
7.6
11.2
7.3
3.1
4.9

58.5
6.3
7.6

59.2
6.6
7.8

60.0
6.6
8.0

59.6
6.7
7.9

17.2

17.1

11.2
7.5
3.3
4.8
18.4

61.4
7.1
7.9
11.3
7.6
3.3
5.5
19.2

60.6
7.0
8.2

11.2
7.3
3.5
4.8
18.9

61.2
7.1
8.1
11.4
7.8
3.2
4.5
19.5

6.9
7.9

11.1
7.1
3.3
4.9

61.2
7.0
8.0
11.9
7.7
3.2
4.5
19.1

60.2
6.8
7.7

11.0
7.1
3.2
5.2
18.5

60.6
6.8
8.1
11.6
7.6
3.2
4.6
19.0

60.4
7.1
8.0

17.5

55.5
5.8
7.3
10.6
7.1
3.0
4.9
17.1

56.6
6.0
7.6

17.3

54.4
6.0
7.5
9.8
7.1
2.8
4.3
17.3

11.4
7.4
3.2
5.1
18.6

11.2
7.2
3.2
5.5
18.5

11.8
7.1
3.2
5.3
18.5

11.4
7.1
3.2
5.5
18.8

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

60.2
15.6
4.9
15.4
5.3
5.0

59.3
15.7
4.9

59.7

61.3

62.1
15.0
4.8
16.6
5.7
5.1
15.0

67.1
17.2
5.4
18.4
5.9
5.6

70.0
17.8
6.0
19.2
5.8
6.0
15.3

68.4
17.3
5.8
18.8
5.6
6.0
14.9

69.5

15.0

68.3
17.4
5.6
18.3
5.8
5.7
15.6

68.9

14.7

67.5
17.3
5.5
17.8
6.0
5.5
15.4

69.2

15.4
5.3
5.0

61.9
15.5
4.7
16.0
6.0
4.9
15.0

66.5
17.3
5.5

15.1
5.1
4.8
13.7

61.1
15.6
4.9
16.0
5.7
4.9
14.2

Manufacturing

See footnotes at the end of the table.




14.1

15.5
4.8

13.7

15.5
4.7
16.1
5.8
4.9
14.4

10.8
7.1
2.9
5.1
17.6

18.3
63.5
16.0
5.0
17.0
5.6
5.2
14.7

18.8

63.9
16.0
5.0
17.6
5.7
5.5

14.3

16.7
5.2
18.3
6.0
5.5
14.4

17.9
5.3
5.6

18.0
5.7

18.4
5.6
5.8
15.8

17.8
5.7
18.7
5.6
6.0
15.4

17.3
5.9
18.8
5.7
6.1
15.1

17.7
6.0
19.1
5.7
6.0
15.0

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

3-2 • January 2000

Table 4.—Real Manufacturing Inventories by Stage of Fabrication, Seasonally Adjusted, End of Period—Continued
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
1994

1993

1995

1996

Materials and supplies
130.7

131.6

132.3

131.4

132.0

133.3

134.1

135.1

134.7

136.3

138.3

140.2

141.8

144.1

145.6

146.7

148.4

147.1

148.9

149.1

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods»

70.4
7.5
9.1
11.3
9.7
6.1
9.3
18.2

71.0
7.5
9.3
11.3
9.8
6.3
8.9
18.7

71.3
7.5
9.3
11.8
9.8
6.5
8.4
18.6

70.3
7.6
9.3
11.9
10.0
6.3
7.4
18.3

70.8
7.6
9.3
12.2
10.1
6.2
7.8
18.0

71.3
7.7
9.0
12.7
10.3
6.3
7.3
18.4

72.3
7.6
9.3
12.8
10.6
6.7
7.0
18.7

73.2
7.7
9.6
13.1
10.6
6.6
7.1
18.8

72.9
7.5
9.2
13.3
11.1
6.7
6.5
19.0

74.2
7.6
9.4
13.9
11.4
6.9
6.2
18.9

75.5
7.6
9.8
14.4
11.6
7.1
6.1
19.0

76.9
7.8
10.1
14.8
12.3
7.2
5.9
19.2

77.6
7.8
10.1
15.2
13.0
7.0
5.7
18.9

79.3
7.7
10.3
15.6
13.6
7.1
5.9
19.2

81.1
7.6
10.1
16.6
14.4
7.1
5.8
19.6

82.9
7.5
9.9
17.7
14.4
7.4
6.1
19.9

85.0
7.5
10.4
18.2
14.5
7.9
6.2
20.4

84.6
7.6
10.1
18.2
14.8
7.4
6.1
20.4

86.3
7.8
10.2
18.7
15.0
7.2
6.5
20.9

86.2
7.8
10.4
18.2
15.4
7.3
6.2
20.9

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

60.5
12.4
8.1
13.1
3.6
5.3
18.0

60.8
12.3
8.1
13.3
3.6
5.5
18.1

61.3
12.3
8.1
13.3
3.8
5.6
18.4

61.4
12.3
8.1
13.4
3.8
5.6
18.3

61.4
12.3
8.1
13.4
3.8
5.5
18.4

62.3
12.6
8.0
13.4
3.9
5.6
18.9

62.0
12.2
8.0
13.4
3.7
5.7
18.9

62.1
12.1
8.0
13.4
3.9
5.8
18.9

62.0
12.0
8.0
13.5
3.9
5.9
18.7

62.3
12.3
8.0
13.4
4.0
5.9
18.7

63.0
12.5
8.2
13.5
4.1
6.1
18.7

63.3
12.4
8.1
13.8
4.1
6.2
18.8

64.3
12.4
8.3
13.7
4.4
6.4
19.2

64.8
12.4
8.5
13.9
4.1
6.5
19.5

64.5
12.5
8.4
13.8
3.9
6.4
19.5

63.8
12.3
8.2
14.0
3.8
6.3
19.1

63.3
12.1
8.2
14.1
3.8
6.3
18.8

62.5
11.6
8.2
14.3
3.7
6.4
18.3

62.5
11.7
8.2
14.4
3.8
6.5
17.9

62.8
11.9
8.2
14.5
3.7
6.6
18.0

131.2

1285

126.8

126.3

126.1

126.7

127.6

126.6

128.2

129.2

130.3

130.1

131.0

130.0

129.9

129.2

1305

131.6

131.8

133.7

106.1
8.4
8.2
14.7
11.2
4.4
45.1
15.6

103.3
8.5
8.1
14.5
11.0
4.5
42.5
15.4

101.5
8.2
8.2
14.8
11.4
4.5
40.1
15.3

101.0
8.1
7.9
14.7
11.5
4.3
40.0
15.2

100.7
8.2
8.0
14.3
11.8
4.6
39.6
15.1

101.4
7.9
7.9
14.7
11.9
4.9
39.7
15.1

102.3
8.3
7.9
15.6
12.0
4.6
39.6
14.9

101.4
8.3
7.6
15.8
12.0
5.0
38.6
14.7

102.6
8.2
7.8
16.7
12.3
5.0
38.6
14.5

103.5
8.2
7.7
17.2
12.8
5.1
38.2
14.4

104.4
8.2
7.7
17.5
13.3
5.1
38.3
14.4

104.2
8.3
7.9
17.4
13.6
5.5
37.4
14.3

105.0
8.2
8.0
18.9
13.8
5.7
35.9
14.6

103.9
8.2
8.1
19.1
13.5
5.8
34.5
14.8

103.7
8.2
8.1
19.1
13.7
5.4
34.3
15.0

103.0
8.1
8.0
19.3
14.2
5.4
32.5
15.5

104.1
8.2
8.0
19.9
14.6
5.0
32.7
15.7

105.1
8.3
8.0
19.9
15.0
5.0
33.3
15.6

105.2
8.4
8.1
19.4
15.1
5.4
33.2
15.7

107.2
8.6
8.1
20.0
14.9
5.4
34.8
15.4

24.9
4.3
1.5
6.1
3.1
1.9
8.1

25.1
4.4
1.4
6.2
2.9
1.9
8.2

25.3
4.6
1.4
6.3
2.9
1.9
8.1

25.3
4.5
1.5
6.4
2.8
2.0
8.1

25.4
4.6
1.5
6.5
2.8
1.9
8.1

25.3
4.6
1.5
6.5
2.8
2.0
7.9

25.3
4.6
1.5
6.5
2.8
1.9
7.9

25.2
4.8
1.5
6.6
2.5
1.9
7.9

25.6
4.8
1.5
6.6
2.8
1.9
8.1

25.7
4.9
1.5
6.5
2.6
1.9
8.2

25.8
4.9
1.5
6.6
2.6
2.0
8.3

25.9
4.8
1.5
6.5
2.8
2.0
8.3

25.9
4.9
1.5
6.5
2.6
2.1

26.1
5.1
1.5
6.5
2.7
2.1
8.3

26.2
5.1
1.5
6.6
2.6
2.0
8.3

26.2
5.2
1.6
6.7
2.8
2.1
7.9

26.4
5.4
1.6
6.8
2.8
2.1
7.8

26.6
5.5
1.6
6.8
2.6
2.1
7.9

26.6
5.6
1.6
6.8
2.7
2.1
7.8

26.5
5.5
1.6
6.7
2.7
2.1
7.9

Manufacturing

Work-ln-process
Manufacturing
Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods»
Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2
Finished goods
130.2

130.4

133.3

132.3

132.6

133.2

132.8

132.0

133.3

133.9

133.4

135.5

138.3

140.9

142.6

144.0

145.4

144.6

146.2

147.2

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods'

60.8
7.0
82
11.2
7.4
3.1
5.5
18.9

61.1
6.8
8.2
11.5
7.6
2.9
5.3
19.2

62.2
7.2
8.5
11.6
7.6
3.3
5.3
19.2

61.0
6.9
8.3
11.7
7.2
3.0
5.1
19.1

61.0
6.8
8.3
11.2
7.3
3.1
5.0
19.8

61.3
7.0
8.4
11.4
7.4
2.8
5.4
19.4

61.0
7.1
8.5
11.6
7.3
2.8
5.0
19.3

61.4
7.2
8.2
12.0
7.6
2.9
4.5
19.3

62.4
7.2
8.3
12.5
7.7
2.9
4.5
19.6

63.0
7.0
8.3
12.3
7.8
2.9
5.4
19.4

62.3
7.0
8.4
12.7
8.2
3.0
3.9
19.3

63.8
7.0
8.4
13.4
8.4
3.1
4.3
19.3

65.5
7.2
8.8
13.8
9.0
3.1
4.3
19.4

67.1
7.4
8.9
14.6
9.4
3.0
4.2
19.8

68.3
7.3
8.9
15.0
9.8
3.0
4.1
20.2

69.7
7.3
8.8
15.7
10.0
3.1
4.4
20.4

70.4
7.5
8.9
16.3
9.6
3.4
4.4
20.3

70.4
7.3
8.9
16.1
9.6
3.3
4.4
20.8

71.7
7.4
9.3
16.7
9.7
3.2
4.3
21.2

71.7
7.4
9.5
16.3
9.9
3.1
4.3
21.3

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

69.5
17.7
6.1
19.1
5.6
5.8
15.2

69.3
18.0
6.2
18.8
5.6
5.8
15.0

71.2
18.4
6.3
19.5
5.5
6.0
15.5

71.5
18.4
6.2
19.6
5.5
6.2
15.6

71.9
18.2
6.2
19.7
5.6
65
16.0

72.1
18.2
6.1
19.7
5.5
6.3
16.3

71.9
17.9
6.1
19.8
5.3
6.4
16.4

70.7
17.6
6.2
19.5
5.3
6.3
15.8

71.0
17.6
6.2
19.6
5.3
6.4
15.9

71.0
17.8
6.3
19.6
5.1
6.4
15.8

71.2
18.2
6.0
19.3
5.3
6.6
15.8

71.8
18.3
5.8
19.5
5.6
6.6
16.1

72.9
18.6
5.8
19.6
5.6
6.7
16.7

73.8
18.4
6.0
20.3
5.8
6.8
16.5

74.2
18.5
6.1
20.9
5.6
6.8
16.3

74.3
18.8
6.3
20.4
5.7
6.9
16.1

74.9
18.8
6.7
20.6
5.9
7.1
15.9

74.2
18.6
6.7
20.4
5.9
7.0
15.6

74.5
18.8
6.7
20.6
5.6
7.1
15.6

75.5
19.3
6.5
21.0
5.5
7.2
16.0

Manufacturing

See footnotes at the end of the table.




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000 •

33

Table 4.—Real Manufacturing Inventories by Stage of Fabrication, Seasonally Adjusted, End of Period—Continued
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
1997

1998

1997

1999
June

July

Aug.

Sep.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

Materials and supplies
Manufacturing

150.7

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products ..
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

,

151.9

153.9

154.4

158.8

161.1

162.5

162.1

162.7

161.7

162.0

151.9

152.7

152.5

153.9

154.5

153.8

154.4

156.2

157.7

87.4
8.0
10.5
18.6
15.5
7.4
6.3
21.1

88.5
7.9
10.4
19.0
15.7
7.4
6.5
21.5

89.9
8.0
10.6
19.2
15.9
7.2
7.2
21.9

90.2
8.0
10.6
19.3
16.1
7.2
6.8
22.2

92.7
8.0
10.9
19.9
16.5
7.3
7.6
22.6

94.4
8.4
11.1
20.1
16.5
8.0
7.2
23.2

95.0
8.5
11.3
20.2
16.4
7.8
7.4
23.4

94.5
8.5
11.1
20.5
16.5
7.6
7.2
23.2

96.0
8.3
11.3
21.2
16.8
7.6
7.1
23.6

95.6
8.0
11.3
21.0
17.0
8.2
6.8
23.3

96.3
8.0
11.5
21.1
17.3
8.3
6.7
23.4

88.5
7.9
10.4
19.0
15.7
7.4
6.5
21.5

89.3
8.0
10.5
19.1
15.9
7.5
6.8
21.4

8.0
10.4
18.9
15.7
7.4
6.9
21.7

89.9
8.0
10.6
19.2
15.9
7.2
7.2
21.9

90.3
8.1
10.5
19.3
15.9
7.3
7.2
22.1

90.3
7.9
10.5
19.3
16.0
7.2
7.1
22.2

90.2
8.0
10.6
19.3
16.1
7.2
6.8
22.2

91.4
7.9
10.6
19.4
16.5
7.3
7.3
22.3

92.1
7.9
10.8
19.7
16.5
7.4
7.4
22.4

63.3
11.7
8.2
14.7
4.0
6.6
18.1

63.4
11.6
8.0
14.8
4.0
6.6
18.4

63.9
11.8
8.0
15.2
4.0
6.7
18.2

64.1
11.7
8.2
15.1
4.0
6.8
18.3

12.0
8.4
15.8
4.3
7.0
18.6

66.6
12.2
8.5
16.0
3.9
7.2
18.7

67.5
12.5
8.5
16.2
4.2
7.3
18.7

67.6
12.3
8.5
16.5
4.4
7.5
18.5

66.7
12.6
8.4
16.3
4.3
7.4
17.7

66.1
12.8
8.3
16.2
3.9
7.5
17.4

65.7
12.5
8.4
15.8
3.8
7.6
17.5

63.4
11.6
8.0
14.8
4.0
6.6
18.4

63.4
11.6
8.0
14.9
3.9
6.6
18.3

63.4
11.7
8.0
14.9
4.0
6.6
18.2

63.9
11.8
8.0
15.2
4.0
6.7
18.2

64.2
11.8
8.1
15.1
4.0
6.7
18.4

63.5
11.5
8.1
15.2
4.0
6.7
18.1

64.1
11.7
8.2
15.1
4.0
6.8
18.3

11.8
8.3
15.4
4.1
6.9
18.3

12.1
8.3
15.7
4.3
6.9
18.3

136.5

.„..

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods !

139.0

140.3

143.0

145.1

149.1

149.8

150.8

149.1

147.1

145.5

139.0

139.4

140.7

140.3

141.2

143.1

143.0

143.4

144.9

109.2
8.4
8.3
20.3
14.8
5.3
36.7
15.5

111.1
8.5
8.5
20.6
15.0
5.0
37.9
15.7

111.7
8.4
8.6
20.8
15.3
5.5
37.3
15.8

113.4
8.5
8.6
21.8
15.7
4.9
38.4
15.6

115.3
8.5
8.9
22.0
16.2
5.4
38.4
15.9

119.0
8.4
9.1
22.4
16.0
4.8
42.4
15.8

120.1
8.6
9.0
22.8
15.6
4.8
43.4
15.7

120.5
8.7
9.2
22.8
15.4
5.8
42.3
16.1

118.5
8.5
9.3
22.8
15.7
5.9
40.3
16.1

116.0
8.4
9.2
22.6
16.1
4.9
38.5
16.3

115.0
8.2
9.3
22.3
15.9
4.6
38.0
16.8

111.1
8.5
8.5
20.6
15.0
5.0
37.9
15.7

111.4
8.5
8.6
20.8
15.1
5.1
37.5
15.8

112.3
8.4
8.6
20.9
15.3
5.0
38.2
15.8

111.7
8.4
8.6
20.8
15.3
5.5
37.3
15.8

112.1
8.3
8.5
21.1
15.3
5.0
38.2
15.6

113.6
8.4
8.6
21.1
15.5
5.0
39.0
15.9

113.4
8.5
8.6
21.8
15.7
4.9
38.4
15.6

114.0
8.7
8.6
21.5
15.9
4.8
38.9
15.6

115.0
8.5
8.5
21.9
16.2
4.8
39.3
15.6

27.3
5.7
1.6
7.0
2.9
2.2
8.0

27.9
5.7
1.6
7.3
2.9
2.2
8.2

28.5
6.0
1.6
7.5
2.9
2.3
8.3

29.5
6.3
1.7
8.2
2.8
2.2
8.4

29.8
6.1
1.7
8.3
3.2
2.3
8.3

30.1
6.1
1.6
8.5
3.2
2.3
8.5

29.7
5.8
1.6
8.5
3.3
2.3
8.4

30.3
6.2
1.7
8.5
3.2
2.3
8.3

30.6
6.5
1.7
8.6
3.2
2.4
8.2

31.2
6.5
1.7
9.1
3.0
2.4
8.3

30.5
6.5
1.8
8.7
3.1
2.3
8.1

27.9
5.7
1.6
7.3
2.9
2.2
8.2

28.0
5.8
1.6
7.4
2.8
2.2
8.3

28.4
6.0
1.6
7.4
2.9
2.2
8.4

28.5
6.0
1.6
7.5
2.9
2.3
8.3

29.0
6.1
1.6
7.9
2.9
2.2
8.3

29.4
6.3
1.6
8.0
2.9
2.2
8.4

29.5
6.3
1.7
8.2
2.8
2.2
8.4

29.5
6.2
1.7
82
2.8
2.2
8.3

29.9
6.1
1.7
8.3
3.1
2.3
8.4

Work-in-process
Manufacturing
Durable goods .,
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods >
NonQUfdDiG QOOOS

•

••••••••••

Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2
Finished goods

148.4

152.1

153.2

154.8

157.7

158.4

161.9

164.4

165.4

166.2

168.0

152.1

153.1

153.6

153.2

155.1

155.5

154.8

155.7

157.1

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods >

72.5
7.5
9.7
16.5
9.7
3.2
4.4
21.4

74.7
7.3
10.0
17.2
10.2
3.6
4.6
21.9

75.3
7.4
10.0
17.6
10.2
3.3
4.7
22.1

75.7
7.6
10.2
17.6
10.3
3.4
4.5
22.2

77.6
7.6
10.5
18.3
10.5
3.4
4.8
22.5

77.8
7.8
10.5
18.5
10.1
3.8
4.6
22.5

79.5
8.1
10.8
19.0
10.2
3.8
4.7
23.0

81.3
8.2
11.0
19.2
10.5
3.9
5.4
23.2

82.3
8.0
11.2
19.6
10.8
3.9
5.2
23.7

83.6
8.2
11.1
19.7
11.0
4.4
5.0
24.2

84.2
8.1
11.2
20.3
11.4
4.3
4.9
24.1

74.7
7.3
10.0
17.2
10.2
3.6
4.6
21.9

75.6
7.3
9.9
17.6
10.4
3.4
5.2
21.9

75.7
7.4
10.0
17.8
10.5
3.3
4.5
22.2

75.3
7.4
10.0
17.6
10.2
3.3
4.7
22.1

76.6
7.4
10.2
17.8
10.4
3.4
5.2
22.2

75.9
7.5
10.2
17.9
10.3
3.3
4.5
222

75.7
7.6
10.2
17.6
10.3
3.4
4.5
22.2

76.4
7.7
10.3
17.8
10.3
3.5
4.5
22.4

77.2
7.6
10.6
18.3
10.4
3.5
4.5
22.5

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods2

76.0
19.3
6.5
20.8
5.9
7.4
16.0

77.4
19.7
6.5
21.2
6.1
7.5
16.4

78.0
19.8
6.6
21.4
6.1
7.4
16.7

79.1
20.4
6.6
21.8
6.0
7.5
16.8

80.1
20.8
6.6
22.3
5.8
7.4
17.2

80.6
20.5
6.7
22.7
6.2
7.5
16.9

82.4
20.4
6.8
23.9
6.1
7.5
17.6

83.1
20.5
6.8
23.6
6.6
7.7
17.9

83.1
20.6
6.7
23.8
6.5
7.7
17.9

82.7
20.8
6.7
23.7
6.1
7.7
17.7

838
21.0
6.6
24.1
6.2
8.0
17.8

77.4
19.7
6.5
21.2
6.1
7.5
16.4

77.5
19.7
6.5
21.2
6.0
7.5
16.6

77.9
19.6
6.5
21.2
6.2
7.5
16.8

78.0
19.8
6.6
21.4
6.1
7.4
16.7

78.5
20.1
6.6
21.6
5.9
7.5
16.8

79.6
20.4
6.6
22.0
6.0
7.6
17.0

79.1
20.4
6.6
21.8
6.0
7.5
16.8

79.3
20.8
6.6
21.9
5.5
7.5
16.8

79.9
20.8
6.6
22.3
5.6
7.5
17.0

Manufacturing

See footnotes at the end of the table.




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

Table 4.—Real Manufacturing Inventories by Stage of Fabrication, Seasonally Adjusted, End of Period-Continued
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
1998
Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Aug.

Sep.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

158.8

159.4

159.8

161.1

162.0

161.7

162.5

162.8

163.4

162.1

162.5

162.9

162.7

162.0

161.9

92.7
8.0
10.9
19.9
16.5
7.3
7.6
22.6

93.4
8.1
11.0
20.1
16.3
7.3
7.5
22.9

93.8
8.2
10.9
20.2
16.5
7.5
7.3
232

94.4
8.4
11.1
20.1
16.5
8.0
7.2
23.2

94.9
8.4
11.2
20.3
16.5
7.7
7.6
23.2

94.6
8.4
11.1
20.1
16.6
7.5
7.6
23.3

95.0
8.5
11.3
20.2
16.4
7.8
7.4
23.4

95.4
8.4
11.3
20.1
16.8
7.8
7.4
23.6

95.5
8.5
11.2
20.4
16.6
7.6
7.6
23.5

94.5
8.5
11.1
20.5
16.5
7.6
7.2
23.2

95.0
8.4
11.1
20.8
16.5
7.8
7.2
23.3

95.8
8.3
11.2
20.8
16.7
7.9
7.3
23.5

96.0
8.3
11.3
21.2
16.8
7.6
7.1
23.6

95.5
8.2
11.2
21.2
16.7
7.9
6.9
23.4

95.4
8.1
11.3
20.9
16.7
8.2
6.9
23.3

12.5
8.5
16.2
4.2
7.3
18.7

67.8
12.2
8.5
16.3
5.0
7.6
18.5

67.6
12.3
8.5
16.5
4.4
7.5
18.5

12.4
8.4
16.5
4.4
7.5
18.2

67.1
12.4
8.4
16.5
4.4
7.5
18.0

66.5

12.2
8.5
16.0
3.9
7.2
18.7

67.4
12.4
8.5
16.2
4.2
7.4
18.7

66.7

12.1
8.4
15.7
4.1
7.1
18.6

67.1
12.4
8.6
16.2
4.3
7.3
18.4

67.5

12.1
8.4
15.7
4.1
7.0
18.6

67.1
12.4
8.6
16.0
4.3
7.2
18.6

67.5

12.0
8.4
15.8
4.3
7.0
18.6

12.6
8.4
16.3
4.3
7.4
17.7

12.7
8.4
16.4
4.0
7.4
17.5

145.1

147.5

148.5

149.1

149.2

150.6

149.8

151.9

151.9

150.8

149.3

149.5

149.1

115.3
8.5
8.9
22.0
16.2
5.4
38.4
15.9

117.5
8.5
8.9
22.2
16.3
5.1
40.7
15.7

118.3
8.5
9.0
22.4
16.0
5.1
41.5
15.8

119.0
8.4
9.1
22.4
16.0
4.8
42.4
15.8

119.0
8.5
9.1
22.3
15.5
5.0
42.6
15.9

120.8
8.6
9.1
23.0
15.7
4.8
43.6
15.8

120.1
8.6
9.0
22.8
15.6
4.8
43.4
15.7

121.8
8.6
9.2
22.9
15.7
4.7
44.7
15.8

121.3
8.8
9.3
23.0
15.6
5.4
43.1
16.0

120.5
8.7
9.2
22.8
15.4
5.8
42.3
16.1

118.8
8.8
9.2
23.0
15.5
5.3
40.9
16.2

119.0
8.7
9.3
23.2
15.5
4.9
41.2
16.1

118.5
8.5
9.3
22.8
15.7
5.9
40.3
16.1

29.8
6.1
1.7
8.3
3.2
2.3
8.3

30.0
6.1
1.7
8.5
3.2
2.2
8.4

30.1
6.1
1.7
8.5
3.2
2.2
8.5

30.1
6.1
1.6
8.5
3.2
2.3
8.5

30.2
6.1
1.6
8.5
3.3
2.2
8.5

29.8
6.0
1.7
8.5
3.1
2.3
8.4

29.7
5.8
1.6
8.5
3.3
2.3
8.4

30.0
6.0
1.6
8.5
3.4
2.3
8.3

30.6
6.2
1.6
9.0
3.3
2.3
8.3

30.3
6.2
1.7
8.5
3.2
2.3
8.3

30.5
6.4
1.7
8.5
3.2
2.3
8.3

30.5
6.5
1.7
8.7
3.0
2.3
8.2

157.7

157.9

158.4

158.4

161.2

161.4

161.9

163.3

164.5

164.4

164.8

77.6
7.6
10.5
18.3
10.5
3.4
4.8
22.5

77.6
7.6
10.5
18.4
10.4
3.5
4.6
22.6

77.7
7.7
10.5
18.2
10.4
3.6
4.6
22.8

77.8
7.8
10.5
18.5
10.1
3.8
4.6
22.5

78.5
7.9
10.7
18.6
10.1
3.7
4.7
22.8

78.8
8.0
10.9
18.6
10.1
3.9
4.6
22.8

79.5
8.1
10.8
19.0
10.2
3.8
4.7
23.0

80.0
8.2
10.9
19.1
10.3
3.9
4.7
23.1

8.1
10.9
19.3
10.5
4.0
5.0
23.3

81.3
8.2
11.0
19.2
10.5
3.9
5.4
23.2

81.5
8.2
11.2
19.2
10.2
3.9
5.2
23.5

80.1

80.4
20.7
6.6
22.5
6.2
7.4
17.1

80.7
20.7
6.7
22.6
6.1
7.5
17.0

80.6
20.5
6.7
22.7
6.2
7.5

82.7
20.4
6.8

82.5
20.3
6.8

82.4

83.1

24.4
6.2
7.5

24.3
6.2
7.6

16.9

17.3

17.2

23.9
6.1
7.5
17.6

83.3
20.7
6.9
24.0
6.4
7.6

June

Oct."

July

Aug.

Sep.

161.7

162.6

161.6

162.0

161.4

95.6
8.0
11.3
21.0
17.0
8.2
6.8
23.3

96.5
8.0
11.4
20.9
17.6
8.1
7.1
23.4

95.9
8.0
11.4
20.7
17.3
8.0
7.0
23.5

96.3
8.0
11.5
21.1
17.3
8.3
6.7
23.4

95.9
7.9
11.4
20.7
17.4
8.4
6.6
23.4

66.5

66.1

16.5
3.9
7.5

16.2
3.9
7.5

12.5
8.4
15.8
3.8
7.6

17.4

17.4

65.7
12.7
8.3
16.0
3.7
7.5
17.4

65.4

12.8
8.3

66.1
12.7
8.3
16.4
3.9
7.5
17.3

65.7

12.8
8.3

17.5

12.4
8.3
15.9
3.9
7.5
17.6

148.9

148.5

147.1

1475

1455

1455

145.8

117.7
8.4
9.3
22.9
16.0
5.0
40.0
16.3

117.3
8.6
9.3
22.8
16.3
4.9
39.1
16.4

116.0
8.4
9.2
22.6
16.1
4.9
38.5
16.3

116.6
8.4
9.2
22.7
16.0
5.2
38.9
16.3

115.1
8.3
9.2
22.5
16.0
4.9
37.7
16.6

115.0
8.2
9.3
22.3
15.9
4.6
38.0
16.8

115.1
8.2
9.3
22.6
15.9
4.8
37.5
16.8

30.6
6.5
1.7
8.6
3.2
2.4
8.2

31.1
6.5
1.7
8.9
3.2
2.4
8.4

31.3
6.5
1.7
9.4
3.1
2.4
8.2

31.2
6.5
1.7
9.1
3.0
2.4
8.3

30.9
6.6
1.7
9.0
3.0
2.4
8.3

30.4
6.5
1.7
8.7
3.1
2.3
8.0

30.5
6.5
1.8
8.7
3.1
2.3
8.1

30.8
6.7
1.8
8.8
3.0
2.3
8.2

164.8

165.4

165.6

166.4

166.2

166.8

168.2

168.0

168.8

81.9
8.2
11.2
19.1
10.6
4.0
5.1
23.7

82.3
8.0
11.2
19.6
10.8
3.9
5.2
23.7

82.8
8.1
11.4
19.4
10:9
4.1
5.1
23.8

83.5
8.2
11.5
19.7
10.8
4.1
5.1
24.1

83.6
8.2
11.1
19.7
11.0
4.4
5.0
24.2

83.6
8.2
11.3
19.5
10.7
4.4
5.1
24.5

84.5
8.2
11.2
20.1
11.1
4.6
5.0
24.3

84.2
8.1
11.2
20.3
11.4
4.3
4.9
24.1

84.4
8.2
11.3
20.1
11.7
4.2
4.9
24.1

83.2
20.8
6.6
23.9
6.2
7.8
17.8

83.7
20.8
6.5

83.8

24.3
6.3
7.9

24.1
6.2
8.0
17.8

84.4
21.6
6.6
24.2
6.2
8.2
17.6

Materials and supplies
Manufacturing

Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods'
NondurdDiQ Qoods ..»«..**••«
.#.*«...•. .,•
,
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
,
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

66.0

Work"in*process
Manufacturing
Durdo'o QOOuS •«
•
»
*•
•
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods !

,

Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
,
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2
Finished goods
Manufacturing
Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Other durable goods 1
Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastic products
Other nondurable goods 2

,

20.8
6.6
22.3
5.8
7.4
17.2

20.4
6.8

p Preliminary.
1. Includes lumber and wood products; furniture and fixtures; stone, clay, and glass products; instruments and
related products; and miscellaneous manufacturing industries.
2. Includes tobacco manufacturers; textile mill products; apparel products; printing and publishing; and leather
and leather products.
3. Prior to 1981, inventories and sales of auto and home supply stores are included in motor vehicle dealers.
Beginning with 1981, these inventories are included in "other durable goods."




17.7

83.6
20.6
6.9
24.1
6.5
7.7
17.8

83.3
20.5
6.7

82.9
20.7
6.7

83.1

82.8

82.9

82.7

20.5
6.8
23.6
6.6
7.7

20.6
6.7

20.8
6.7

20.8
6.7

23.9
6.9
7.7

23.8
6.5
7.7

17.9

17.8

17.6

23.8
6.5
7.7
17.9

20.7
6.7
23.7
6.3
7.7

23.7
6.1
7.8
17.7

23.7
6.1
7.7
17.7

17.7

17.9

21.0
6.6

NOTE.-Manufacturing inventories are classified by the type of product produced by the establishment holding
the inventory.
Chained (1996) dollar inventory series are calculated to ensure that the chained (1996) dollar change in inventories for 1996 equals the current-dollar change in inventories for 1996 and that the average of the 1995 and 1996
end-of-year chain-weighted and fixed-weighted inventories are equal. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
The residual line is the difference between the first line and the sum of the most detailed lines for inventories.

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

35

Errata
National Income and Product Accounts
Tables 8.4 and 8.5 in the "National Income and Product Accounts'* section of the December 1999 SURVEY OF
CURRENT BUSINESS contained errors. In table 8.4, the estimates for the component contributions to the percent
change in real private fixed investment for the first and second quarters of 1999 were incorrect. The correct
estimates are provided in NIPA table 8.4 on page D-27 of the "Selected NIPA Tables'* in this issue.
In table 8.5, the estimates for the component contributions to the percent change in imports for all periods
were incorrect (those for exports were correct). The table with the corrected estimates is provided below.
Table 8.5.—Contributions to Percent Change in Real Exports and in Real Imports of Goods and Services by Type of Product
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
Line

1997

1995

1997
III

IV

Percent change at annual rate:

6.9

2.2

2.3

10.22

1.47

3.52

3.17

5.51

.01
1.40
6.52
.97
.78
.54

-.05
-.17
1.31
-.10
.20
.28

.95
.05
2.85
.10
1.08
-1.51

-1.08
-.56

2.59
.54
.25
1.43

-.22
1.46
2.02
2.09
.43
-.27

2.07

2.51

.72

-1.24

3.72

8.2

8.6

13.7

11.6

10.8

7.52

7.84

11.90

9.81

.08
.66
-.10
5.13

.38
1.10
.34
5.79
1.12
2.54

.11

.37
.78
.53
4.13
.48
1.28
.27

.68

.79

1.82

8.3

12.7

8.38

6.19

.65
1.30
5.26
.45
.49
.24

-.10
.80
4.43
.31
.58
.18

1.95

10.3

Exports of goods and services .

1.8

8.8

16.2

17.80

9.77

12.78

9.17

2.46

2.03
3.28
10.68
-.84
1.50
1.16

-1.09
.39
7.06
1.82
1.06
.53

-.32
2.50
7.87
1.25
.95
.53

-.01
.97
6.86
1.28
.02
.05

2.01
.37
-.75
-.12
.31
.65

-2.05

11.24

-.98

3.37

2.30

-.71

13.3

14.4

6.3

15.5

19.1

17.6

5.2

9.91

12.58

12.46

6.30

12.25

17.47

14.29

1.38
.41
3.51
.88
2.48

.72
1.73
-.65
2.49
2.24
3.09
.28

.33
1.33
3.75
2.60
2.71
1.30
.55

2.12
.43
4.63
1.69
3.40
-.50

.18
.84
-1.29
5.88
-2.18

.18
.27
-.55
5.91
4.81
1.18
.45

.60
1.95
2.39
7.35
-.29
4.04
1.42

.89
1.38
.48
6.05
1.12

1.78

.92

.75

1.94

3.25

1.59

3.30

.87

3.5

29.0

11.5

-1.5

-4.0

-1.7

16.1

-6.5

4.0

11.5

Percentage points at annual rates:
Exports of goods l
Foods, feeds, and beverages
Industrial supplies and materials
Capital goods, except automotive
Automotive vehicles, engines, and parts
Consumer goods, except automotive
Other

....

Exports of services'

-2.02

-6.46

1.07

-.80
-.80
-.39
.43
-.14
-.33

-1.14

-.97
-.56
4.32
-1.85

-1.53
-2.98
-1.86
.41

.56

.64

13.34

-6.70

3.02

1151

2.29
1.42
4.97
2.77
-.39
2.28

-1.61
-1.94
-2.78
-1.39
.23

1.02
1.04
9.00
.37

.79

1.06
1.15
-.45
1.46
-.18
-.02

.63
-.56

2.50

-2.73

2.75

1.23

.98

.02

14.4

13.0

5.2

10.8

125

14.4

14.9

4.35

11.77

11.35

4.12

10.52

10.53

12.85

14.22

-.08
.54
-.86
2.69
-.92
2.87
.11

.34
2.18
.39
3.82
2.30
2.28
.47

.21
2.25
1.77
2.93
.20
3.38

.07
-.70
-1.17
2.80

.34
.08
.28

.60

.25
.73
.12
1.19
-.15
1.03
.95

.78
1.16
1.05
6.39
1.12
1.82
.53

.39
1.45
-.66
5.13
3.63
3.53
.75

2.67

1.65

1.05

Percent change at annual rate:
Imports of goods and services .
Percentage points at annual rates:
imports of goods
Foods, feeds, and beverages
Industrial supplies and materials, except petroleum and products ....
Petroleum and products
Capital goods, except automotive
Automotive vehicles, engines, and parts
Consumer goods, except automotive
Other
Imports of services'

.24
1.39

.62

1. Exports and imports of certain goods, primarily military equipment purchased and sold by the Federal Government, are included in services. Beginning with 1986, repairs and alterations of equipment were reclassified from
goods to services.
NOTE.—The quantity indexes on which the estimates in this table are based are shown in table 7.10. The esti-




2.63
.24
.01

5.94
.69
2.90

2.36
3.52
2.99
.96
1.99

.70

mates in this table differ from those in table 8.2 because this table shows contributions to real exports and to
real imports, whereas table 8.2 shows contributions to real gross domestic product. Because imports are subtracted
in the calculation of g
gross domestic product, the contributions of components of real imports have opposite signs
in this table and in table 8.2.
82

January 2000




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

37

Annual Input-Output Accounts
of the U.S. Economy, 1996
By Sumiye O. Okubo, Ann M. Lawson, and Mark A Planting

N DECEMBER 1999, the Bureau of Economic
Analysis (BEA) released the 1996 annual
input-output (1-0) accounts for the U.S. economy. These accounts are based on an update of
the 1992 benchmark 1-0 accounts, and they reflect
the recent comprehensive revision of the national
income and product accounts (NIPA'S).1 The 1-0
accounts were prepared using 1996 estimates of
industry and commodity output and the 1996 estimates of gross domestic product (GDP) from the
NIPA revision.
This presentation of the 1996 annual 1-0 accounts marks the resumption of the regular
preparation of annual 1-0 accounts and the refocusing of the resources that had been used to
speed up the preparation of the 1992 benchmark
1-0 accounts. The last set of annual accounts,
which presented estimates for 1987, was published
in the April 1992 issue of the SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS. The annual 1-0 accounts for 1997
are scheduled for release in the fall of 2000.
The annual 1-0 accounts provide estimates of
the domestic production, the export and import
of commodities (goods and services), the use of
commodities by each industry, the commodity
composition of GDP, and the industry distribution of value added. The annual 1-0 accounts
are used in a variety of analytical and statistical
contexts, including studies of interindustry relationships within the economy and as the basis for
developing satellite accounts on particular aspects
of the economy.
This article is presented in two parts. The first
part describes the 1996 annual 1-0 tables, explains
how the accounts can be used, and identifies
some of the highlights. The second part describes
the methodology that was used to prepare the
1996 annual 1-0 accounts.
1. For an overview of the i-o accounts, see Ann M. Lawson, "Benchmark Input-Output Accounts for the U.S. Economy, 1992: Make, Use, and
Supplementary Tables," SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS 77 (November 1997):
36-82; and "Benchmark Input-Output Accounts for the U.S. Economy, 1992:
Requirements Tables," SURVEY 77 (December 1997): 22-47.
For information on the 1999 comprehensive revision of the NIPA'S, see
Eugene P. Seskin, "Improved Estimates of the National Income and Product
Accounts for 1959-98: Results of the Comprehensive Revision," SURVEY 79
(December 1999): 15-43.

1996 Annual i-o Accounts
The annual 1-0 tables
The 1996 annual i-o estimates are presented in
five tables, beginning on page 48. These tables
consist of a make table, a use table, a direct
requirements table, and two total requirements
tables. In addition, alternative make and use tables that are based on a classification of industries
that more closely relates to the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification system have been prepared
(see the box "Alternative Make and Use Tables"
on page 43 and the box "Data Availability" on
page 46).
The presentation of the annual 1-0 tables is
generally the same as that of the benchmark
1-0 tables, but the information is less detailed.
The annual 1-0 tables present summary estimates for 97 industries, while the benchmark
1-0 tables present more detailed estimates for
498 industries. The annual use and total direct requirements tables present estimates of total
value added by industry, while the corresponding benchmark tables present detailed estimates
of value added for compensation of employees,
indirect business tax and other nontax liability, and other value added. In addition, the
presentation of the annual 1-0 tables has been
changed to incorporate the definitional and classificational changes, such as the change in the
treatment of business and government expenditures for software, that were introduced in the
1999 comprehensive revision of the NIPA'S.2
The make table shows the commodities that
are produced by each industry (table 1), and the
use table shows the inputs to industry production
and the commodities that are consumed by final
users (table 2). As discussed in the section on
methodology, the estimates of commodity output
and industry output in the make and use tables,
2. See Brent R. Moulton, Robert P. Parker, and Eugene P. Seskin, "A
Preview of the 1999 Comprehensive Revision of the National Income and
Product Accounts: Definitional and Classificational Changes," SURVEY 79
(August 1999): 7-20.

3 8 • January 2000




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
and the estimates of final uses in the use table, are
based on new source data. Most of the other estimates are based on updated relationships from
the 1992 benchmark 1-0 accounts.3
The three requirements tables are derived from
the make and the use tables. The direct requirements table shows the amount of a commodity
that is required by an industry to produce a dollar
of the industry's output (table 3). The two total
requirements tables show the production that is
required, directly and indirectly, from each commodity (table 4) and from each industry (table 5)
to deliver a dollar of a commodity to final users.
The uses of the annual 1-0 accounts
The annual 1-0 accounts are an important tool
for economic analysis because they show the
interdependence among the producers and the
consumers in the U.S. economy. The accounts
can be used to estimate the direct and indirect effects of changes in GDP expenditures for final uses
on industries and commodities. For example, the
accounts can be used to estimate the effects of a
change in Federal Government consumption and
investment on industry and commodity output,
and, supplemented with additional information,
they can be used to estimate the effects of an
increase in U.S. exports on employment.
The 1-0 accounts are used in several ways to
prepare other economic statistics. For example,
in the 1999 comprehensive NIPA revision, estimates from the 1996 annual 1-0 tables were used
to estimate the 1996 commodity distribution for
most of the components of personal consumption expenditures (PCE) for goods,4 and estimates
3. "Final uses" in the input-output accounts are the same as the "productside" components of GDP in the NIPA'S.
4. Brent R. Moulton and Eugene P. Seskin, "A Preview of the 1999 Comprehensive Revision of the National Income and Product Accounts," SURVEY
(October 1999): 9.

from the 1992 benchmark 1-0 accounts were used
to prepare the estimates of final expenditures.5
Detailed information from the 1996 annual 1-0
accounts will be used to update the 1992 transportation satellite accounts, the 1992 travel and
tourism satellite accounts, and the regional 1-0
multiplier estimates.6
Highlights from the 1996 annual 1-0 accounts
These highlights are drawn from several analytical tables that are based on the 1987 and
1992 benchmark 1-0 accounts and the 1996 annual 1-0 accounts. Estimates of changes in
current-dollar commodity output, exports, imports, and domestic supply provide insight on
the changing structure of the U.S. economy and
particularly on the increasing role of trade in recent years.7 The growing importance of exports
and imports is a factor for both rapidly growing,
high-tech commodities—such as computer and
office equipment and audio, video, and communications equipment—and some slower growing
or declining basic-consumer commodities—such
as apparel and footwear, leather, and leather
products (table A).
5. Leon W. Taub and Robert P. Parker, "Preview of Revised NIPA Estimates for 1992 From the 1992 1-0 Accounts," SURVEY 77 (December 1997):
11-13. The differences between the 1992 benchmark 1-0 accounts and the
revised 1992 estimates from the 1999 comprehensive revision of the NIPA'S
largely reflect the definitional change in the treatment of software in the
NIPA'S and statistical changes, including the use of economic census data on
inventories for construction and for mineral industries and the use of newly
available source data, primarily final tabulations of State and local government
expenditures from the 1992 Census of Governments.
6. The satellite accounts are based on the 1992 benchmark 1-0 accounts:
See Bingsong Fang, Xiaoli Han, Ann M. Lawson, and Sherlene K.S. Lum,
"U.S. Transportation Satellite Accounts for 1992," SURVEY 78 (April 1998):
16-27; and Sumiye Okubo and Mark A. Planting, "U.S. Travel and Tourism
Satellite Accounts for 1992," SURVEY 78 (July 1998): 8-22. For a description of the regional input-output multiplier estimates, see U.S. Department
of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Multipliers: A User
Handbook for the Regional Input-Output Modeling System (RIMS 11), Third
Edition (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997).
7. Domestic supply is calculated as domestic commodity output plus
imports less exports less the change in private inventories.

Acknowledgments
Mark A. Planting supervised the preparation of the
1996 annual input-output (1-0) estimates. Sumiye O.
Okubo, Associate Director for Industry Accounts, and
Ann M. Lawson, Chief of the Industry Economics Division, provided overall guidance. Peter D. Kuhbach,
Greg R. Linder, Demian J. McGarry, Will H. Nicolls,
Robert S. Robinowitz, and Regina K. Villasmil prepared
the estimates. Karen J. Horowitz provided valuable technical assistance. Bingsong S. Fang, Jiemin X. Guo, and
Simon N. Randrianarivel of the Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation, also
contributed to the preparation of the estimates.

The price indexes were prepared under the direction
of Robert E. Yuskavage, with contributions by Felicia
V. Candela, Peter J. Lee, Tameka R. Lee, Sherlene K. S.
Lum, Kimberly A. Mourey, Brian C. Moyer, and Robert
A. Sylvester.
Special thanks to Alan C. Lorish, Jr., Chief of the Computer Systems and Services Division, and to members
of his staff—particularly Stephen P. Holliday, Janice E.
Townsend, Tara Fogarty, and Ross Metzger—for their assistance in building the data-processing application used
to prepare the 1996 annual 1-0 estimates.

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table A.—Commodity Output, Exports, Imports, and Domestic Supply, 1987,1992 and 1996
[Millions of dollars]
Commodity
number

Output

Imports

Exports

Domestic supply

Description
1987

1992

1996

1987

1992

1996

1987

1992

1996

1987

1992

1996

14,601
2,061

20,468
2,420
10,614
7,423
11

196,854
84,652
76,050
12,590
23,562

225,488
89,779
91,255
14,689
29,765

266,608
98,958
108,918
19,362
39,370

43,527
-1,488
133
43,984

64,795

138,556
7,573
21,753
97,237
11,993

182,994
8,171
23,931
138,422
12,470

218,044
9,704
20,399
173,782
14,159

AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHERIES
198,948
83,609
82,183
9,488
23,668

235,591
89,375
104,546
11,865
29,805

287,694
96,065
137,455
14,536
39,638

13,897
484
12,747
544
122

19,857
800
16,116
2,880
61

23,001
19,588
2,588
29

6,924
808
2,353
3,747
16

112,145

147,562
10,739
26,917
97,623
12,283

162,445
12,839
22,908
112,299
14,400

5,349
559
2,663
1,494
633

8,202
1,104
3,122
3,290

11,884

Total
Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services

8,124
1,129
2,534
3,734
727

31,113
1,349
65
28,965
734

618,813
445,347

679,330
456,949

867,665
588,735

77

97

618,717
445,332

679,253
456,949

867,463
588,758

173,466

222,381

278,930

77

97

173,385

222,304

278,705

796

5,659
21

MINING
05+06
07
08
09+10

Total
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining

,

6,802
25,451

-2,087
286

65,560
1,036

CONSTRUCTION

12

Total
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account
construction

,

MANUFACTURING
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64

Total
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stamping
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing

2,411,977 2,890,437
28,177
22,217
329,636
408,757
26,381
40,147
34,832
37,528
16,266
17,983
64,259
68,637
19,006
21,021
72,936
87,127
36,700
42,849
80,961
98,497
25,288
31,743
15,674
19,895
67,126
81,202
89,852
113,359
13,365
17,850
43,407
50,944
62,321
40,557
32,872
14,379
12,183
137,598
149,831
86,850
111,813
8,787
9,538
16,335
17,981
43,340
42,291
66,201
73,922
55,746
64,813
11,739
13,238
43,686
49,050
31,826
34,564
47,022
56,518
14,394
17,895
26,005
30,946
7,376
8,290
22,051
27,046
16,411
20,218
23,221
29,678
19,855
24,946
54,431
62,088
21,746
25,801
23,277
28,574
15,670
16,833
17,421
19,055
41,037
50,981
48,203
73,298
20,987
21,103
149,684
133,509
81,258
68,327
102,154
84,421
29,907
24,074
85,858
107,915
18,707
22,745
31,083
39,450

3,592,909 201,816
18,302
2,725
464,948 12,111
39,782
2,591
40,813
1,407
21,050
782
71,155
1,197
24,968
362
3,645
111,795
684
54,527
5,922
116,899
262
39,233
22,485
555
95,247
1,062
134,434 14,630
22,556
542
63,071
5,364
77,890
2,959
48,232
983
17,627
342
6,128
173,581
3,233
147,440
9,007
666
21,609
777
58,228
1,019
97,252
1,407
83,073
3,303
13,298
166
65,017
868
46,842
2,123
75,433
2,634
23,890
2,899
46,356
6,062
12,414
540
37,404
2,335
33,514
2,696
39,519
4,182
38,101
1,660
93,717 13,166
36,571
1,216
38,562
1,847
20,425
943
23,424
1,358
77,999
4,137
129,439 12,596
26,005
2,404
200,277 12,918
121,203 10,874
90,630 22,891
37,543
1,278
118,833 10,311
23,783
2,224
47,510
2,830

342,980
3,592
19,630
5,874
2,359
1,724
4,065
810
5,965

2,633
8,567
691

653
2,984
17,292
3,341
8,477
7,272
2,591
745
9,084
6,905
1,464
1,544
1,713
3,505
6,379
341
2,061
2,171
4,849
5,419
9,002
1,302
3,686
4,510
7,834
1,962
22,925
3,320
4,083
2,329
2,839
9,551
16,150
5,702

16,336
16,995

40,656
3,354
17,864
3,453
4,427

465,384 377,047 485,599 699,278 2,544,409 3,029,490 3,805,652
3,343
15,688
25,462
21,289
947
467
809
25,639
6,235
2,958
2,048
6,987
917
6,336
3,215
11,314
1,159
628
3,290

22,862
4,459
12,271
9,885
3,826
1,009
9,925
10,225
1,686
2,174
2,171
4,338
9,085
302
2,713
1,353
7,643
8,309
12,391
1,869
5,270
8,473
10,701
3,272
37,079
4,712
5,524
2,940
4,125
16,432
32,351
8,287
24,583
24,614
36,153
3,598
25,148
4,187
5,370

18,538
880
3,601
918
25,395
1,772
6,399
5,287
9,914
126
226
1,335
10,727
990
2,009
7,590
1,281
214
13,332
9,702
9,700
1,837
4,513
10,824

6,992
155

960
2,261
6,573
2,102
5,402
1,321
4,911
4,993

6,947
604
17,329
1,504
3,346
2,950
3,341
20,190
13,704
4,511
61,157
16,950
6,875
2,937
9,990

5,696
15,769

21,850
1,587
4,397
1,879
38,484
2,870

7,143
6,026
10,715
247
199
1,783
14,375
2,330
3,827
13,193
2,052
200
11,582
13,253
12,824
2,159
4,551
10,893
10,228
201
1,008

26,326
1,023
4,386
2,128
49,791
3,789
12,814
9,718
14,824
498
232
2,579

20,573
3,485
6,433
20,317
2,779

386
14,104
18,452
16,928
3,333
6,618
17,231
16,476
289
1,947

2,628

2,764

8,510
2,413

12,447
3,542

4,754
1,468
5,127
5,881
7,796
1,895
32,687
2,243
5,295
4,072
4,985

2,570
9,959
8,704
12,231

2,359
60,672

334,292
24,428
36,427
15,990
87,011
20,083
74,533
40,707
84,037
25,025
14,896
66,211
85,434
13,675
39,550
39,294
32,612
11,858
141,801
92,027
17,354
17,216
46,228
74,414
58,571
11,704
43,221
31,727
50,357
13,389
25,012
8,115
24,577
18,510
25,833
58,263
21,728
24,666
17,674
18,796
56,644
48,524
22,733
173,633
72,658
66,273
24,663
84,253
21,781
41,841

14,773
8,153
23,335

3,218
8,577
5,731
6,807
33,584
41,187
11,099
81,012
30,924
11,712
4,718
19,456
10,575
28,638

7,932
164
2,059
-3,530
8,544

12,563
189
1,868
-4,425
12,723

692,005
44,599

695

990
1,218

157,305
83,783
28,433

25,409
20,574
8,062
58,285
21,743
12,153

2,693

410,827
33,723
39,089
18,119
99,159
22,611
87,642
46,057
99,874
31,022
19,503
79,248
109,713
16,992
46,055
66,950
39,832
13,792
152,283

117,166
20,567
18,411
45,325
81,649
69,054
13,088
48,107
34,804
60,112
15,073
26,421
8,497
28,469
21,695
29,720
24,938
73,091
24,559
29,709
18,672
21,060
66,465
77,773
23,612
190,519
86,226
81,662
29,544
105,052
27,077
57,593

463,515
34,312
42,895
20,974
113,711
27,737
117,825
60,777
120,973
38,531
22,133
94,140
131,076
20,958
57,117
86,708
46,823
16,829
175,393
154,625
23,987
22,581
62,284
108,861
90,012
13,294
63,705
48,050
79,133
19,015
41,681
13,104
41,924
33,911
40,644
36,791
118,564
34,715
41,509
23,203
26,001
94,876
138,415
28,419
256,408

126,675
63,779
38,344
113,091
30,118
69,818

TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND UTILITIES
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C

Total
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services




719,662
48,394
115,193
24,198
79,060
23,301
160,164
2,250
156,453
82,180
28,469

932,030 1,164,109
62,058
76,283
157,110 199,889
34,347
36,820
98,819 124,344
28,966
35,761
205,941 287,528
2,674
4,487
195,695 226,065
96,155 110,677
62,256
50,265

31,495
3,377
4,606
7,512
11,216
1,958
2,496

54,322
3,973
10,161

134
160
36

267
548

23,317
2,700
3,596

65

66,155
5,457
13,195
10,475
28,941
3,084
4,235
301
403
64

5,331
135
'^3,264
5,711

986
1,763

109,832
13,373
73,458
21,304
157,668
2,250

884,684 1,109,902
58,114
70,976
148,379 188,067
21,897
21,086
83,909 108,070
32,745
26,258
202,345 283,268
4,487
2,674
196,123 226,688
95,596 111,548
62,156
50,200

40

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

• January 2ooo

As the average annual growth in output for
all commodities increased from 5.8 percent in
1987-92 to 6.8 percent in 1992-96, the commodity composition of growth changed significantly
(table B). Of the 10 fastest growing commodities in 1992-96, only computer and data processing services was also among the top 10 in
1987-92. In 1992-96, five of the other fastest
growing commodities are also considered hightech commodities—electronic components and
accessories; radio and TV broadcasting; special industry machinery and equipment; audio, video,
and communication equipment; and computer
and office equipment.
For four of the fast growing commodities—
computer and office equipment; special industry
machinery and equipment; electronic components and accessories; and audio, video, and
communication equipment—increases in exports
accounted for over one-fourth of the increase in
domestically produced output in 1992-96. For all
commodities, exports accounted for 6.6 percent
of the increase in domestically produced output.
Of the 10 slowest growing commodities in
1992-96, tobacco products and water transporta-

tion were among the faster growing commodities
in 1987-92 (table C). Declines in output of
two commodities—ordnance and accessories and
aircraft and parts—partly reflected declines in national defense spending. In addition, a drop in
exports accounted for 39 percent of the decline in
aircraft and parts and for 6 percent of the decline
in ordnance and accessories. In coal mining, a
decline in output primarily reflected a decline in
coal prices, and it partly reflected slower growth
in electric service utilities, which are major users
of coal.
Of the 10 commodities with the fastest growth
in domestic supply in 1992-96, only electronic
components and accessories and "computer and
data processing services, including own-account
software," were also in the top 10 in 1987-92
(table D). Four of the top 10 commodities are
durable goods—farm, construction, and mining
machinery; materials handling machinery and
equipment; metalworking machinery and equipment; and truck and bus bodies, trailers, and
motor vehicles parts. These commodities, which
are produced by "heavy" industries, grew relatively slowly in 1987-92, but they rebounded in

Table A.—Commodity Output, Exports, Imports, and Domestic Supply, 1987,1992 and 199&—Continued
[Millions of dollars]
Output

Commodity
number

Exports

Imports

Domestic supply

Description
1987

1992

1996

1987

1992

1996

1987

1992

1996

1987

1992

1996

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE

69B

846,711
423,751
422,960

1,095,148 1,457,204
568,970 769,833
526,178 687,371

26,378
26,294
84

44,746
44,726
20

66,786 -15,533 -18,317 -19,221
66,757 -15,533 -18,317 -19,221
29

1,173,335
280,950
177,621
325,144
389,620

Total
Wholesale trade
Retail trade

1,639,416 2,115,020
390,774 555,217
231,654 304,295
457,250 561,548
559,738 693,960

26,334
12,598
2,906

39,510
17,142
1,685

63,885
26,922
3,384

10,830

20,683

33,579

1,602,234
40,064
66,271

2,388,808 3,133,709
58,936
72,325
92,016 115,200

7,111
49
31

19,530
48
42

26,179
68
32

1,561

4,027

6,265 1,596,579 2,373,342 3,113,520
58,888
40,015
72,255
91,974 115,159
66,240

799,871 1,029,427 1,368,144
376,995 503,269 681,076
422,876 526,158 687,068

FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
70A
70B
71A
71B

Total
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings

3,239
161
3,078

1,412
265
1,136
1
1

4,199 1,150,240 1,601,318 2,053,603
526 268,513 373,897 528,753
3,662 177,793 231,105 304,484
325,144 457,250 561,548
1 378,790 539,066 658,818
1

SERVICES
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75

76
77A
77B

Total
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account
software
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations

85,000
177,982
211,758
109,406
211,021
131,228
78,841
338,393
152,270

152,744
252,597
332,385
138,530
282,017
164,408
122,937
564,607
227,631

254,081
312,734
478,767
175,210
337,370
236,460
175,505
684,210
291,848

928
2,398
1,546
475
271
31
1,222
16
144

3,092
5,013
5,677
531
328
34
4,289
26
450

3,904
7,691
5,847
826
417
898
5,951
21
524

104
391
740
253

225
839
1,632
615

449
1,608
2,124
1,246

64

6
248
13
449

2
402
8
426

511,512
33,469
19,045

849,031 1,008,705
50,200
67,101
30,162
39,431

31,822
169

73,385
188

91,118
274

78,696

2,321
466,785

2,175
764,389

5,872

6,171

31,653

"67I325

"$$73

9

84,137
175,975
210,893
109,184
210,750
131,190
77,683
338,377
152,135

149,918
248,423
328,340
138,614
281,689
164,376
118,896
564,594
227,630

250,534
306,645
474,914
175,627
336,952
235,537
169,957
684,197
291,743

SPECIAL INDUSTRIES
Total
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used, and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment

7,709
-17,817

10,087
-7,982

NOTE.—Domestic supply equals commodity output plus imports less exports less the change in private inventories.
Changes in private inventories are not shown separately in this table.




2,457
886,742
12,284
690

556,724
33,300
19,045
90,036 111,687
78,696
2,746
4,608
1,349
466,785
74
47 -31,653
7,709
-18,507
92,856 116,342

874,955 1,032,262
50,012
66,824
30,162
39,429
90,036 111,687
-2,480
-78
764,389 886,742
-67,251 -84,626
10,087
12,284
-7,982
690

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

1992-96 as the result of the overall growth in the
economy after the 1990-91 cyclical contraction.
In 1992-96, increases in imports accounted for
62 percent of the increase in the domestic supply of computer and office equipment, for 34
percent of the increase in the domestic supply

January 2000 •

of electronic components and accessories, and
for 36 percent of the increase in the domestic
supply of metalworking machinery and equipment. For all commodities, imports accounted
for 8.5 percent of the increase in the domestic
supply.

Table B.-Commodities with the Fastest Growing Output, Selected Years
1987-92

1992-96
Exports

Commodity output
Commodity
number

Description

Change
in level
(millions
of
dollars)

All commodities
57
67
73A
48
56
, 50
51
46
44+45
59B

Average Rank by
annual average
rate of annual
growth
(percent) growth

Commodity output

Export
Change
Average Rank by
in level change/
annual average
commodity rate of annual
(millions
output
rate of
growth
of
dollars) (percent) (percent) growth

2,932,105

Electronic components and accessories
Radio and TV broadcasting
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Special industry machinery and equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts

6.8

190,473

6.6

5.8

56,141
1,813
101,337
13,296
27,018
13,155
31,629
4,124
15,410
39,945

15.3
13.8
13.6
13.5
11.2
11.2
10.8
10.6
10.6
10.5

16,201

28.9

8.7
3.5
12.4
4.3
4.4
4.7
2.7
2.4
3.5
3.5

s

812
3,963
6,881
1,310
14,154
567
3,389
7,619

29.8
25.5
10.0
44.8
13.7
22.0
19.1

11
64
1
53
49
40
71
73
62
63

Table C—Commodities with the Slowest Growing Output, Selected Years
1987-92

1992-96

Description

2,932,105
-3,915
-4,009
-11,524
-531
-065
60
2,518
1,038
2,473
6,690

All commodities
13
07
60
33+34
15
39
18
63
65C
01

Rank by Change
in level
annual average (millions
rate of annual
of
rate of
growth
(percent) growth dollars)

Change
in level
(millions
of
dollars)

Ordnance and accessories
Coal mining
Aircraft ana parts
Footwear, leather, and leather products ..
Tobacco products
Metal containers
Apparel
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
water transportation
Livestock and livestock products

Commodity output

Exports

Commodity output
Commodity
number

Export
Rank by
change/ Average average
commodity annual annual
rate of
output
rate of
growth
change (percent) growth
(percent)

190,473
-249
-588
-4,503
222
361
-39
2,922
73
780

6.8
-4.7
-4.0
-2.9
-1.4
-.2
.1
.9
1.1
1.8
1.8

6.6
6.4
14.7
39.1

5.8
-4.6
1.1
3.9
1.7
8.8
2.4
1.3
4.0
7.3
1.3

,
1
470.6
31.7

93
88
58
83
10
72
87
57
17

1. The ratio is not meaningful, because the change in exports and the change in output move
in opposite directions.

Table D.—Commodities with the Fastest Growing Domestic Supply, Selected Years
1987-92

1992-96

Description

annual
rate of
growth
(percent)

*•»••••...•«•••.#.•••..•••••••••••

2,954,247

Electronic components and accessories
Radio and TV broadcasting
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Computer and office equipment
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Special industry machinery and equipment
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts

15.5
13.8
13.7
12.9
12.1
11.8
11.4
10.2
10.2
10.1

Change Import Average Rank by
Rank by in level change/ annual average
(millions domestic rate of annual
annual
supply
rate of
growth
of
rate of dollars) change
growth
growth
(percent) (percent)
8.5

5.6

20,613

34.0

224
27,985
3,632
2,823
1,102
464
4,832
9,181

.2
61.5
23.8
23.1
23.9
3.9
35.9
22.7

9.9
3.5
12.2
4.6
1.1
3.2
.9
5.9
3.0
3.5

6.2

60,642
1,813
100,616
45,473
15,260
12,216
4,607
11,853
13,455
40,449

All commodities ••
57
67
73A
51
44+45
48
46
50
47
59B

Change
in level
(millions
of
dollars)




•••»••»••••*•••«••••••••••••••

Domestic supply

Imports

Domestic supply
Commodity
number

10

6
54
1
36
87
25
64
55

41

42 • January 2000




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Of the 10 slowest growing commodities in domestic supply in 1992-96, tobacco products, scientific and controlling instruments, ophthalmic
and photographic equipment, aircraft and parts,
and water transportation were among the faster
growing in 1987-92 (table E).
Changes in final uses PCE, private investment,
and government consumption expenditures and
gross investment—also affected the relative rates
of growth in domestic supply. In 1992-96, reductions in national defense spending contributed
directly to the declines in the domestic supply of
ordnance and accessories, aircraft and parts, and
scientific and controlling instruments. The slow
growth in scientific and controlling instruments
also reflected the decline in aircraft and parts,
because it is an important intermediate input in
the production of aircraft. The step-up in private investment contributed directly to the strong
increases in "computer and data processing services, including own-account software"; computer
and office equipment; farm, construction, and
mining machinery; special industry machinery
and equipment; materials handling machinery
and equipment; and metal working machinery
and equipment.

Methodology
for the 1996 Annual 1-0 Accounts
The 1996 annual 1-0 accounts are based on both
the 1992 benchmark 1-0 accounts and on the most
recently revised NIPA'S. The 1996 estimates incorporated the definitional, classificational, and
statistical changes that were introduced in the
1999 comprehensive revision of the NIPA'S, including a definitional change in the treatment
of business and government expenditures for

software. Business and government purchases
of software (except software embedded in other
equipment) that were previously treated as intermediate purchases by business or as government
consumption expenditures are now treated as investment. The costs—the intermediate inputs
and the value-added inputs—that are associated
with the production of own-account software are
also treated as investment.8 In the 1-0 accounts,
these costs are added to the gross output of the
computer services industry (industry 73A).9 These
and other changes were incorporated into the
1996 annual 1-0 estimates to make them more
consistent with the NIPA'S.
The methodology used to prepare the 1996 annual estimates is similar to that used for the 1992
benchmark estimates, but the annual estimates
are based on less comprehensive and less detailed
source data. For the annual estimates for which
data were unavailable, the relationships from the
1992 benchmark accounts were extrapolated to
1996.
The annual 1-0 estimates are prepared in five
steps: (1) The output total for each industry
and commodity is calculated; (2) the commodity composition of intermediate inputs for each
industry is estimated; (3) the domestic supply of
each commodity is estimated; (4) the commodity
compositions of the GDP expenditure components for PCE, gross private fixed investment,
and government consumption and investment
expenditures are derived; and (5) the table is balanced. In the rest of this section, for each of these
8. Moulton, Parker, and Seskin, 8.
9. In the 1-0 accounts, these costs are "redefined"—subtracted from the
inputs of businesses that produce own-account software and from government consumption expenditures and added to the inputs of the computer
services industry. Own-account construction is treated similarly.

Table E.—Commodities with the Slowest Growing Domestic Supply, Selected Years
1987-92

1992-96
Domestic supply
Commodity
number

Description

All commodities .
13
60
07
39
15
65C
62
16
01
63

Ordnance and accessories
Aircraft and parts
Coal mining
Metal containers
Tobacco products
Scientific and controlling instruments
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills .
Livestock and livestock products
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment

1. The ratio is not meaningful, because the change in imports and the change in domestic
supply move in opposite directions.

Change
in level
(millions
of
dollars)

Imports

Domestic supply

Import
Rank by
change/
in level
annual average
domestic
(millions
annual
rate of
supply
of
rate of
growth
change
dollars)
(percent) growth
(percent)

2,954,247

6.2

249,566

-5,601
-17,883
-3,532
206
589
811
8,039
3,806
9,179
3,041

-7.3
-6.0
-3.9
.4
.4
.9
1.9
2.4
2.5
2.7

138
-441
153
88
-564
-695
4,683
-11
359
2,422

8.5

i
79.6

annual
rate of
growth
(percent)

Rank by
annual
rate of
growth

5.6
-3.5
4.3
1.9
2.3
6.7
9.5
4.5
1.4
1.2
4.4

93
45
77
75
20
8
38
83
85
41

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

steps, the procedures and source data used to
prepare the 1996 annual estimates are compared
with those used to prepare the 1992 benchmark
estimates.
Industry and commodity output totals
For most industries, source data are available to
estimate 1996 industry output at the same level
of detail as that used for the 1992 benchmark
accounts. For manufacturing, trade, and most
service industries, the source data for the 1996
estimates are based on sample surveys, whereas
the source data for the benchmark estimates were
based on more complete and detailed data from
the quinquennial economic censuses. For agriculture, insurance, and government enterprises
and for major parts of transportation, communications, utilities, finance, and real estate,
the source data used for the 1996 estimates are
comparable to those used for the benchmark estimates. For the industries for which annual
source data at the benchmark level of detail are
not available, aggregated industry source data are
used to extrapolate the industry output estimates.
Table F summarizes by major industry division
the number of 1-0 industries and the number of
industry extrapolators available for the 1996 estimates; table G shows the data sources for these
estimates.
For most commodities, source data are available to estimate 1996 commodity output at the
same level of detail as that used for the 1992

January 2000 •

benchmark accounts, and the data used for these
estimates are from the same sources as those used
to estimate industry output. For commodities
without a commodity extrapolator, the commodity output is estimated using the industry output
extrapolator and the 1992 benchmark commodity
composition of industry output. This procedure
is based on the assumption that the proportions of commodities produced by industries
were constant from 1992 to 1996.
Commodity composition of intermediate inputs
The 1996 estimates of the composition of intermediate inputs used by each industry are based
on 1992 benchmark relationships, with adjustments for changes in relative prices and other factors. First, each industry's 1996 output, valued in
Table F.—Annual 1-0 Industry Extrapolators and Commodity
Extrapolators and Price Indexes, 1996
Industries
Industry/commodity group

Total
Agriculture products
Minerals...!.
Construction
Manufacturing products
Transportation, communication, and
utilities
Trade
Finance
Services
Other
Noncomparable imports

Total
number

780
21
25
57
436
40
63
10
86
41
1

Commodities

Number NumNumber
with
with
ber
Total
conconnum- current with
current ber
extra- price
extrapolators indexes
polators
758
21
25
57

4,663
73
66
63
3,668

4,076
73
66
63
3,663

2,122
53
25
54

82
231
119
229
124
8

47
2
92
13
49

48
2
27
105
15
1

Alternative Make and Use Tables
An alternative set of make and use tables that is more
closely based on the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System (sic) was also prepared (see the box "Data
Availability" on page 46). The alternative tables conform more closely to the current sic establishment-based
data collection system by showing the primary and secondary products in the industries that produce them. As
a result, the industry definitions, which are used to determine the columns of the use table and the rows of
the make table, may differ from those used in the traditional 1-0 tables.1 For some industries, the differences
may be significant. For example, auto repair output
from the retail trade industry in the alternative 1-0 tables is only about 40 percent as large as auto repair
industry output in the traditional 1-0 tables. Generally,
the redefinitions affect the following industries: Manufacturing activities by nonmanufacturing industries—for
example, bread making in the retail trade industry; trade
1. For a discussion of the 1-0 industry classification system used for
the traditional tables, see Lawson, 46-47.




activities by nontrade industries—for example, buying
and selling excess materials from inventory by manufacturing establishments; and service activities by industries
in which services are not primary—for example, eatingand-drinking-related activities in the hotels and lodging
places industry. However, construction activities performed by nonconstruction industries are redefined to
construction in both the traditional and alternative
tables.
The commodity definitions, which are used to determine the rows of the use table and the columns of the
make table, are the same as those used in the traditional
tables. Because sic-defined industries include heterogeneous input mixes and production processes, alternative
total requirements tables are not prepared.
The alternative tables are particularly useful for comparisons of industry data from the accounts with other
sic-based data, such as the data for gross product by industry and for capital stock that are prepared by BEA and
the employment data that are prepared by the Bureau of
Labor Statistics.

1,792

43

44

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

• January 2ooo

Table G.—Principal Source Data for 1996 Industry and Commodity Output
Commodity and industry
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries:
01 Livestock and livestock products
02 Other agricultural products
03 Forestry and fishery products .
04 Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Mining:
05+06 Metallic ores mining

07 Coal mining
08 Crude petroleum and natural gas
09 Nonmetallic minerals mining

Construction:

11 New construction including own-account
construction.

12 Maintenance and repair construction including ownaccount construction.
Manufacturing

Transportation, communication, and utilities:
65A Railroads and related services; passenger ground

65B Motor freight transportation and warehousing
65C Water transportation

65D Air transportation
65E Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services

66 Communications, except radio and TV
67 Radio and TV broadcasting
68A Electric services (utilities)
68B Gas production and distribution (utilities)
68C Water and sanitary services
Wholesale and retail trade:
69A Wholesale trade
69B Retail trade ....
Finance, insurance, and real estate:
70A Finance




Source data for extrapolation
Cash receipts from marketings and inventory change
from USDA.
Cash receipts from marketings and inventory change
from USDA.
For forestry, shipments of logging camps and contractors
from Census Bureau annual survey; for fishery products, wages and salaries from BLS.
Wages and salaries from BLS

Price index
Prices received by farmers from USDA
Prices received by farmers from USDA
For forestry, PPI's; for fishery products, IPD for fish landed
Composite index of wages and salaries per employee
from BLS, farm prices, and PPI's

Physical quantity: produced times average price; for uranium, physical quantity and average price from DOE;
for all others, quantities and prices from USGS.
Physical quantity produced times average price from
DOE.
Physical quantity produced times average price from
DOE.
Physical quantity produced times average price, both
from USGS.

IPD for metallic minerals from DOE and USGS

Value put in place from Census Bureau monthly construction survey; expenditures from Federal regulatory
agencies and trade sources, Department of Agriculture
surveys.
Census Bureau annual surveys and BLS survey of expenditures by owner occupants.

BEA price index for new construction

Shipments and inventory change from Census Bureau
annual survey.

PPI's, BEA computer price index, BEA semiconductor
price index, BEA digital telephone-switching equipment
price index, and BEA price indexes based on DOD
prices paid for military equipment

IPD for coal from DOE
IPD for crude petroleum and natural gas from DOE, except for natural gas liquids (PPI)
IPD for nonmetallic minerals from USGS

BEA price index for maintenance and repair construction

For railroad transportation, total operating revenue for
Class I railroads from trade source, and AMTRAK; for
taxicabs, PCE; for local and suburban transit, trade
source.

For railroads, IPD for freight and passenger ton-miles
from trade source; for taxicabs, CPI; for intercity
buses, IPD for passenger revenue-miles from trade
source; for school buses, wages and salaries per employee from BLS; for other local transit, IPD for passenger trips from trade source
Census Bureau annual survey
IPD for freight ton-miles from trade source
For marinas, wages and salaries from BLS; for marine
For marinas, PCE price index; for marine cargo handling,
cargo handling, tonnage handled from Army Corps of
wages and salaries per employee from BLS; for other
Engineers; for other water transportation, trade sources.
water transportation, composite index of PPI's and
BEA price indexes
Operating revenues of air carriers and of Federal Express IPD for revenue passenger miles and freight ton-miles
from DOT and public sources.
from DOT
For pipelines, operating revenues from trade source; for
For pipelines, IPD for ton miles from trade source. For
freight forwarders and related services, freight revearrangement of passenger transportation and freight
forwarders, PPI; for related services, wages and salanues from Census Bureau annual surveys and trade
ries per employee from BLS
sources; for arrangement of passenger transportation,
Census Bureau annual survey.
Census Bureau annual survey
For cellular telephone services, PCE price index; for
other telephone services, PPI
Census Bureau annual survey
For advertising, cost indexes from trade sources. For
cable television, PPI
For private utilities, revenues from DOE. For rural coPPI
operatives, revenues from USDA.
Revenues of gas pipeline and utilities from DOE
IPD for BTU's from trade sources
Revenues from trade source
CPI
Census Bureau annual survey

Census Bureau annual survey
For priced services of depository and nondepository institutions (check collection, wire, transfer, clearing
houses, etc.), from the DOTr; for imputed service
charges, regulatory agencies and FED; for security
and commodity brokers, receipts from SEC and interest from SEC.

For all except equipment rental by manufacturers sales
offices, sales price index by kind-of-business computed
from PPI's; for equipment rental, BEA capital stock
price index
Sales price index by kind-of-business computed from
PPI's
For imputed service charges, CPI price index; for priced
services, CPI for personal financial services; for security and commodity brokers, IPD from SEC and trade
sources; for other services, GDP IPD

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
1992 dollars, is estimated using an industry price
index that is calculated by weighting commodity
price indexes with the commodity composition
of each industry's output. Generally, the number of price indexes available for commodities is
fewer than the number of commodities; for commodities for which a price index is unavailable,
an aggregate price index is applied to multiple
commodities (tables F and G). 10
10. Slightly different estimates of intermediate consumption by industry
results would have been obtained if the 1996 output and the resulting real
intermediate consumption estimates had been reflated using chain-type price

January 2000 •

45

Second, each industry's 1996 output, valued
in 1992 dollars, is multiplied by that industry's
1992 direct requirements per dollar of output to
obtain 1996 intermediate inputs valued in 1992
dollars. This procedure is based on the assumption that the 1996 composition of an industry's
inputs per dollar of its output valued in 1992
constant dollars is unchanged from that in the
indexes like those used for most other BEA estimates. However, any such
difference would not affect the allocation between final uses and intermediate
inputs, because the allocations for final uses is based on the 1996 currentdollar NIPA estimates and the actual 1996 current-dollar commodity output.

Table G.—Principal Source Data for 1996 Industry and Commodity Output—Continued
Commodity and industry

Source data for extrapolation

70B Insurance

For insurance carriers from trade sources; for insurance
agents, brokers, and services, receipts from IRS tabulations of business tax returns.

71A Owner-occupied dwellings
71B Real estate and royalties

Census Bureau annual surveys
For tenant-occupied dwellings, Census Bureau annual
surveys; for royalties, IRS tabulations of business tax
returns.

Services:
72A Hotels and lodging places
72B Personal and repair services (except auto)
73A Computer and data processing services, including
own-account software.

Receipts from Census Bureau annual survey
Receipts from Census Bureau annual survey
For own-account software, BEA; for all other receipts,
Census Bureau annual survey.

73B Legal, engineering, accounting, and related
services.

Receipts from Census Bureau annual survey

73C Other business and professional services, except

Receipts from Census Bureau annual survey

73D Advertising
74 Eating and drinking places
75 Automotive repair and services
76 Amusements
77A Health services

Price index
For health and life insurance, PCE price indexes. For all
other insurance, BEA composite price index of IPD for
workers compensation and CPI for auto and property
insurance; for agents, brokers, and services, insurance
carrier composite price indexes weighted by commissions from trade sources
CPI
For nonfarm business rental and property management,
rental rate per square foot from trade source; for condominium association fees and for home maintenance
and repair services, CPI; for all other, BEA price indexes
Room-rate index from trade source
CPI
For prepackaged software, BEA price index; for computer
equipment rental, BEA capital stock price index; for
custom programming and own-account software, BEA
own-account software price index; for all others, wages
and salaries per employee from BLS
For legal services, CPI; for accounting services, PCE
price index ; for engineering and related services, PPI
and wages and salaries per employee from BLS
CPI.

Receipts from Census Bureau annual survey
Receipts from Census Bureau annual survey
Receipts from Census Bureau annual survey
Receipts from Census Bureau annual survey
For hospitals, receipts from trade sources; other health
services, receipts from Census Bureau annual survey.

77B Educational and social services, and membership
organizations.
Government enterprises:
78 Federal Government enterprises

Cost indexes by type of media from trade sources
CPI
CPI
CPI
For hospitals, PPI; for other health services, PPI; for physicians services, CPI and HCFA index of input prices
for other services
For private education and social services, BLS ; for mem- PCE price index
bership organizations, Census Bureau annual surveys.
For the post office, U.S. Postal Service receipts; for electric utilities, DOE; for other enterprises U.S. Budget
Hnnimontc

79 State and local government enterprises

For electric utilities, DOE, for other enterprises Census
annual surveys.

80 Noncomparable imports
81 Scrap, used and secondhand goods
82 General government industry

No domestic measures of industry and commodity output
Census Bureau annual surveys
Employee compensation and consumption of fixed capital

83 Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
84 Household industry
85 Inventory valuation adjustment

No domestic measures of industry and commodity output
Employee compensation from BLS
BEA

For U.S. Postal Service and for Federal electric utilities,
PPI; for other enterprises, BEA composite price index
For electric utilities, PPI; for transit, composite price index
based on PCE price indexes for private transit; for
other enterprises, BEA composite price index
BLS import price indexes
PPI
BEA price indexes

frnm RFA

BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis
BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics
CPI Consumer Price Index (BLS)
DOC U.S. Department of Commerce
DOD U.S. Department of Defense
DOE U.S. Department of Energy
DOT U.S. Department of Transportation
DOTr U.S. Department of the Treasury
FED Federal Reserve Board
FCC Federal Communications Commission
HCFA Health Care Financing Administration




n.a.
BEA price index based on BLS prices
n.a.

ICC Interstate Commerce Commission
IPD Implicit price deflator (BEA)
IRS Internal Revenue Service
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NRPC National Railroad Passenger Corporation
PCE Personal consumption expenditures (BEA)
PPI Producer Price Index (BLS)
SEC Securities and Exchange Commission
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USGS U.S. Geological Survey (Office of Minerals)
n.a. Not applicable.

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

4-6 • January 2000




1992 benchmark accounts. The results are then
reflated to current-dollar values using commodity price indexes. For the benchmark estimates,
source data for the commodity composition of
intermediate inputs for each industry were available, primarily from the quinquennial economic
censuses.
Finally, commodity taxes, transportation costs,
and trade margins for each input are estimated.
Commodity taxes are added to raise inputs in
basic prices to producers' prices. Transportation costs and trade margins are estimated to
provide the producer-value inputs of these commodities by industries, using rates based on 1996
commodity output and 1992 relationships.
Domestic supply
Domestic supply—the total value of goods and
services available for consumption as intermediate inputs by industries or as PCE, gross private
fixed investment, and government consumption
and investment expenditures—is calculated as
domestic commodity output plus imports less
exports less the change in private inventories.
Exports and imports in both the annual and
benchmark 1-0 accounts are based on Census
Bureau foreign trade statistics and the BEA international transactions accounts.11 The 1996 change
in private inventories by industry are from the
NIPA'S, and the commodity composition of inventories held by industries are based on 1992
benchmark relationships.
Commodity composition of final uses excluding
trade and change in private inventories
The 1996 annual estimates of the major expenditure components of final uses for PCE,
gross private fixed investment, and government
consumption and investment are based on the
procedures used to estimate GDP in the N I P A V 2
The major differences between the source data
and the estimating procedures used for the 1992
benchmark estimates and those used for the
1996 NIPA estimates by major GDP expenditure
component are as follows:
• PCE goods—The 1996 estimates are extrapolated from the 1992 benchmark estimates
using the retail-control method. For the 1992
11. Net exports in the 1-0 accounts and the NIPA'S are equivalent.
12. See "Updated Summary NIPA Methodologies" SURVEY 78 (September
1998): 14-35 a ° d Seskin, 15-43.

benchmark estimates, the commodity-flow
method was used.13
• PCE services—The 1996 estimates are extrapolated from the 1992 benchmark estimates
using measures of gross output that are similar to those used for the 1996 estimates of
industry and commodity output.
• Private investment in equipment and software—The 1996 estimates are extrapolated
from the 1992 benchmark estimates using an
abbreviated commodity-flow method.14
The initial estimates of the 1996 commodity
composition of PCE and gross private fixed investment are based on the commodity-flow method.
The initial estimates for government expenditures are extrapolated using 1992 benchmark
relationships.
Balancing the table
For each commodity, the initial estimates of the
commodity distribution of domestic supply to
all intermediate industries, PCE, gross private
fixed investment, and government consumption
and investment expenditures are adjusted so that
these shares of domestic supply are similar to
the shares in the 1992 1-0 benchmark accounts.
These estimates are then further adjusted to
reflect the 1996 estimates of final expenditure
categories from the 1999 NIPA comprehensive revision. Value added by industry is estimated by
subtracting the sum of intermediate inputs by
industry from industry output.
An appendix and tables 1 through 5 follow. £3
13. For a description of the retail-control method, see U.S. Department
of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Personal Consumption Expenditures, Methodology Paper No. 6 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government
Printing Office, 1990): 41; for a description of the commodity-flow method,
see Lawson, 39.
14. See "Updated Summary NIPA Methodologies," 20-21.

Data Availability
The estimates for 97 industries at the input-output
two-digit level, including a discussion of the matrix
algebra underlying the derivation of the tables and
the alternative estimates of the make and use tables
on an approximate 1987 Standard Industrial Classification basis, are available from BEA'S Web site at
<www.bea.doc.gov>; under "National," click on "Industry and wealth data," and look under "Input-Output
data."
These estimates are also available for $20 on
diskette—product number NDN-0247. To order, call
the BEA Order Desk at 1-800-704-0415 (outside the
United States, call 202-606-9666).

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

4J

Appendix.—Classification of Industries in the Annual Input-Output Accounts
[An asterisk preceding a Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code indicates that the SIC industry is included in more than one 1-0 industry.]
1-0
number

1-0 title

01
02
03

AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND FISHERIES
Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products

04

Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services

Related 1987 SIC
codes

I-O
number

*01, *02
•01, *02
081,083,091,
097
0254/0279,071,
072, 075, 076,
078, 085, 092

55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61

MINING
05+06
07
08
09+10

Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining

Maintenance and repair construction including ownaccount construction.

•108, *124, *138,
•148, *15, *16,
*17, 6552
•138, *15, *16,
•17

MANUFACTURING
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32

33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54

Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills ...
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings ....
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal
products.
Screw machine products and stamping
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances

348, 3761, 3795
20
21
221-4, *226, 228

227, 229

Scientific and controlling instruments

63
64

Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing

239
24
25
261,262,263,
267
265
271,272
273-9
281,286,289
287
282
283
284
285
29
30
31

321-3
324-9
331,332,339,
3462
333-6, 3463
341
343, 344
345, 3465-9
342, 347, 349
351
352, 3531-3
3534-7
354
355
356

359
357
358
361, 362
363

Related 1987 SIC
codes

364
365, 366
367
369
3711
3713-5

372, 3764, 3769
3716, 37S-5,
3792, 3799
381,382,384,
387
385, 386
39

TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
UTILITIES
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67

Railroads and related services; passenger ground
transportation.
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
VVater transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV

68C

Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services

69A
69B

Wholesale trade
Retail trade

70A

Finance

70B
71A
71B

Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties

72A
72B
73A
73B
73C

Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except
medical.

73D
74
75
76
77A
77B

Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership
organizations.

225, 231-8

1. The SIC assigns codes to activities regardless of whether the establishment is owned by a private firm or
a government agency. In the 1-0 accounts, SIC codes are used only to classify private activities.
2. Noncomparable imports include imported services that are not commercially produced in the United States
and goods and services that are produced abroad and used abroad by U.S. residents—for example, U.S. Federal
Government defense spending abroad.
3. Scrap is a secondary product of many industries, and used goods are safes and purchases typically between
final uses. Industry output is zero because there is no primary producing industry. The sales are shown as negative
values in the use table.




Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment

62
101-6, *108,109
121-3, *124
131,132, *138
141-7, *148,149

CONSTRUCTION
New construction including own-account construction

I-O title

40, 41, 474
42
44
45
46, 472, 473, 478
481,482,484,
489
483
491,4931
492, 4932, 4939
494-7

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE
50,51
52-7, 59

FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
60-2, 67 (excluding 6732)
63,64
65 (excluding
6552)

SERVICES
70
72, 762-4
737
81,871,872,89

732-6, 738, 769,
8731,8732,
8734, 874
731
58
75

78,79
074, 80
6732, 82-4, 86,
8733

SPECIAL INDUSTRIES
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85

Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment

ernment agencies. The compensation of employees engaged in construction work is included in construction. ....
compensation of employees engaged in the production of own-account software is included in computer and data
processing services.
5. The commodity entries include adjustments among PCE and government expenditures to eliminate counting
the expenditures by foreign residents in both exports and PCE or government expenditures.
6. Industry output is defined as the compensation of domestic household workers.
7. The inventory valuation adjustment removes inventory profits and losses from business income.

48

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 1.—The Make of Commodities
[Millions of dollars

For the distribution of industries producing a commodity,
read the column for that commodity
Industry
number

Livestock
and
livestock
products

For the distribution of commodities produced by an industry,
read the row for that industry

1

Commodity number
1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A

68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
82
84
85
T

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural forestry and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction including own-account construction
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
.
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
.
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products except containers
Paoerboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleanina and toilet DreDarations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
. . . .
Footwear leather and leather oroducts
Glass and glass products
Stone and clav Droducts
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating plumbing and fabricated structural metal products .
..
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
. . . . .
. .
Engines and turbines
Farm construction and mining machinery
Materials handlina machinery and eauioment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Soecial industry machinery and eauiDment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery .
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric liohtina and wirina eouiDment
Audio video and communication equipment
.
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles foassenaer cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies trailers and motor vehicles parts .
.
Aircraft and parts
Other transDOrtation eauiDment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalrrvc and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services* passenger ground transportation
Motor freiaht transDOrtation and warehousina
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines freight forwarders and related services
.
Communications except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
.
Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
'.
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
.
Educational and social services and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
.
General qovernment industry
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total commodity output
,

* Less than $500,000.




Other agriForestry
cultural
and fishery
products
products

2

96065
137,455

3
252
3,148
11,136

Agricultural,
forestry,
and
fishery
services

Metallic
ores
mining

Coal
mining

Crude
petroleum
and
natural
gas

Nonmetallic
minerals
mining

New construction, including ownaccount
construction

4

5+6

7

8

9+10

11

Maintenance
and repair
construction,
including
own*account
construction

12

732
1,530
37,376
12,825

12
2

9
22,896
112,299

14

3

14,386
588,735
278,930

..

..

.

..

..

. . .

.......

;

96,065

137,455

14,536

39,638

12,839

22,908

112,299

14,400

588,735

278,930

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000 •

49

by Industries, 1996
at producers' prices]

Ordnance and
accessories

Food and
kindred
products

Tobacco
products

Broad
and
narrow
fabrics, yarn
and thread
mills

Miscellaneous textile
goods
and floor
coverings

Apparel

Miscellaneous fabricated
textile
products

Lumber and
wood
products

Furniture
and fixtures

Paper
and allied
products,
except
containers

Paperboard
containers
and boxes

Newspapers
and
periodicals

Other
printing and
publishing

Industrial
and other
chemicals

Agricultural
fertilizers
and
chemicals

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20+21

22+23

24

25

26A

26B

27A

27B

907
209
2
4
114
1,808

17,326

9

463,262
39,763
40,332
79
305
84

294
19.680
44
64

213
6
70,827
14

1
6

341

19

2,108
131
220
22,112
4
24
45

7
1

107
238
147

24

58
3

1

1

5
110,804
162
154
9

38
217
53,643
21

1
4
11

2

1
22
4
1
82
2
24
30
14
114,130
93
772
23
1

28
1,388
12

6

2
1
9

33
13

1

3

62
12

127

72
9
4
8
3

180
1
4
23

53
4
48
7

24
7
10
623

22
16
152
38,622

43

21,319
1.166

4
371
52
2.491
91,749
3

27
15

191
1
29

29

7

2
3
10

5
8
6

22

2
1

4

79
4
30

140
11
56

7
1

1
5

2

125

3
174

1,061
20,291
298
264
424
6
131
45

2
13

42
254

5

i

30
1
16

43
48
30

2

6

7
4
7

5

61
27
2

7
2
4

1

58

54
1

12

36
22
3

4
13

14

10

1

16

1

11

43
3
1

62
323
25
524

9

9
113,488
1,395
5,610
756
1,141
97
7,035
197

10

9
30
1
2

1

290

147
39
227

133
2

1

3

9

4

319
68
117

2

11

10

76
2
1
59

30
4

1
103
5
47

9

5

83

40

333
177
44

18
207

6

107
168
94

1
8

134,434

22,556

10

18,302

464,948




39,782

40,813

21,050

71,155

24,968

111,795

54,527

116,899

39,233

22,485

95,247

industry
number

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
6SC
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
82
84
85
T

50

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

• January 2000

Table 1.—The Make of Commodities
[Millions of dollars
For the distribution of industries producing a commodity,
read the column for that commodity
Industry
number

For the distribution of commodities produced by an industry,
read the row for that industry
Commodity number

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24

25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A

29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48

49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A

59B
60
61

62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66

67
68A
68B
68C
69A

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
;
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction .
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metah/vorking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services, passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities) .
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade

Plastics
and
synthetic
materials

Drugs

Cleaning
and toilet
preparations

Paints and
allied
products

28

29A

29B

Petroleum
refining and
related
products

30

Rubber
and
miscellaneous
plastics
products

32

Footwear,

leather, and
leather
products

33+34

Glass and
glass
products

Stone and
clay
products

35

36

8,424
86

190

511
3

294

49
46

19

2,169
11
19

54
17,012
6
45

70
8
162,579
1

33

24

104

1,355
55
71
988
44,806
11
102

393

35
72

520
103
158
76,016
405

37

10

7
111

2,638
273
38

6,789
411
51,700
13
264
157
176
558

Primary
iron and steel
manufacturing

32
67

142

2
103
38
73
154
104
1,169
340
16
361
1
892
2
18
3
13
141,773
47
105
189
4
52
13
527
81
354

4
146
1
4

17
14
126
8

14
8,621
21,085
68

8
57,077
10
8

22
95,916
507
61
9
138
18
112
3
47
21
80
41
21
16
1

5
10
103
73
27
36
43
26
8
3
63

124

2
56
29

7

11
32
26
112
111
195

440
93

3

69B
70A
70B
71A

71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
82
84
85

Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
R a l estte and oaltie
y
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterpnses
State and local government enterprises
General government industry
Househofd industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total commodity output
. .

•Less than $500,000.




54

63,071

77,890

48,232

17,627

173,581

147,440

9,007

21,609

58,228

97,252

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000 •

51

by Industries, 1996—Continued
at producers' prices]
Primary nonferrous metals
manufacturing

Metal
containers

Heating,
plumbing, and
fabricated
structural
metal
products

Screw
machine
products and
stampings

Other fabricated metal
products

Engines and
turbines

Farm, construction,
and mining
machinery

Materials
handling
machinery
and
equipment

Metalworking
machinery
and
equipment

Special
industry
machinery
and
equipment

General
industrial
machinery
and
equipment

38

39

40

41

42

43

44+45

46

47

48

49

Miscellaneous
Computer and
machinery,
office
except
equipment
electrical

50

Service
industry
machinery

Industry
number

52

51

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10

8

10

11

4

2
4
13
4
1

8
20
9
35
37
160
349
2

17

3
1

13

9

1
132
46

32
187
1385

1
2
1

12

13

172

13
35
190

64
510
79882

1
100
28
94

11
5
1
10

12,990

3

36
19
6

62,302

3

1
1
1
25
100
625

71
6

53
556
133
114
49
33
26
151
313
g
304
9
35
3
31
1
3
99
13
129
38
1
9

9
3

187
1
65
94
24
61
1
221

12

31
1

2
5

54

44,288

265
7
389
2
175
4
19
248
25
50
35
71
2
6
40
7
406
66
2
7
25
4
9

68,525

19
213
32
245
71
180
493
32
109
15
1
102
5
141
15
57
77

3

234

14
13

4

7
36

3

5

10
28
2
9
1
1
21,703

46
35
68
17

114

45065

246

75
293
75
164
14
1
5
22
5

11336

2
303
42
1
2
39

2
3
27
733
648
49
209

104
4
31

'53
161
162
25

29
5
5
22

42
88

91

125
8

41
46

i
1

563

81
1

133

24

3
3
6

25

1
26
15

92
801
200
7
212
67

68
5
86
2
34
50
267

116
57
243
136
196
85
91
246

164
86
409
90
130
13
370
81
207

33,787

235
181
287
11
6
51
30
43
4
6
7
23
74
17
12
75

31,786

404
45
1
108
3
1
6
2
347

5
6
124
9
12

37 351

28
3

8

1
1

17

57

195

3
9

11
5

4
100
220
242

4

53

g
1

1
1
9

2,533

293
21
528
213

3

c

1
1
1

2
9

72
16
1

310
7
6
44

4

6

1
116

4
1

9
1
9
1
5
4
2
2
2
2
1
2
5

68
12
33
19
11
9
100
260
5

86
1
204
178
10
11

36,016

4
19

6
3

3280

12

3

87
24
2
115
11
58

79
70
28
53

7
3
4
69
383
17

211
3

89730

21
3

3
29

188

20
113

i

35,570

22
118

5
4

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23

24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
dQR

70A
70B
71A
71B

72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
82
84
85
83,073

13,298




65,017

46,842

75,433

23,890

46,356

12,414

37,404

33,514

39,519

38,101

93,717

36,571

$2 • January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 1.—The Make of Commodities
[Millions of dollars

For the distribution of industries producing a commodity,
read the column for that commodity

Industry
number

For the distribution of commodities p
read the row for that industry

Commodity number
1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A

26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32

33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63

64
65A
65B

65C
65D
65E

66
67
68A
68B

68C
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B

73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78

79
82
84
85
T

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas .
Nonmetallic mjnerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials ...
Drugs '.
Cleaning and toilet preparations...
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufactunng
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products ...
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services, passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Ajr transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade

Electrical
industrial
equipment
and
apparatus

Household
appliances

53

54

Audio,
video, and
communication
equipment

Electronic
components and
accessories

56

55

Miscellaneous
electrical
machinery
and
supplies

58

Motor
vehicles

pg
cars and
trucks)

59A

Truck and
bus
bodies,
trailers,
and motor
vehicles
parts

Aircraft
and parts

59B

60

' 124

Other transportation
equipment

1,686

447

212

118

16
5
1
176
597
41
41
47
21
155
226
81
13
36,067
35
279
98
164
41

155

18
6
169

223
50
4

151
29
19,187
4
350
7
28

68
2
98
223

326

39
49
42
163
49
387
164
276
185
14
14
15
143
249

5

16
4
229
18
21,877
80
114
145

276
20
13
7
120
73,328
331
809

20
45
37
11
6,011
7
302
241
1,077
119,813
197

8
6
6
358
536
6
154
4
12
230
75
22,936

4

610
56
279
2
8

786
7
15
206
131
5

129,439

26,005

424
1
782

885
79
27
254
19
197,548
2,667

253
2,490
114,954
73
89
279

147
164
17
1
4

26
7
28
7
205
18
5

26

50
75
87,838
1
499

3
67
88
42
36,996
1
23

a tad
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
R l tt d li
t
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
and data processing services, including own-account software
I, engineering, accounting, and related services
' business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
General government industry
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total commodity output

* Less than $500,000.




38,562

20,425

23,424

77,999

200,277

121,203

90,630

37,543

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000 •

53

by Industries, 1996—Continued
at producers' prices]

Scientific and
controlling
instruments

62

Railroads
and

Ophthalmic
and photographic
equipment

63

Miscellaneous
manufacturing

services;
passenger
ground
transportation

65A

Motor freight
transportation
and
warehousing

Water
transportation

Air
transportation

Pipelines,
freight
forwarders,
and related
services

Communications, except
radio and TV

Radio and TV
broadcasting

Electric
services
(utilities)

Gas
production
and
distribution
(utilities)

Water and
sanitary
services

65B

65C

65D

65E

66

67

68A

68B

68C

Wholesale

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A

505
9
24
59
4
4
20
194

265
24

29B
30

20
9
294

132
9
53
27
37
10

11
6
24
3
7

31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48

48

27
12
312
3
19
43
38
80

39
65
24

297

154

10

7

173
853
205
901

14
349

31
508
2
113,071
642
198

Industry
number

106
22,877
7

1
3
7
2
301
5
3
2
10
24
32
36

49
50
51
52
53
54
55

56
57
58
59A

1
5
202
45
1

59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B

45,786
196
197,995

14,493
34,825

1,675

246

65C
118,316
3,340

65D
65E

35,703
287,528

66
67

4,487
199,047
106,385

537
226
22,150

68A
68B
68C
769,833

58
22

7,101

118,833

23,783




47,510

1,748

76,283

36,820

124,344

6,661
20,357

2,688

35,761

287,528

4,487

4,244

24,850

226,065

110,677

62,256

769,833

70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
730
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
82
84
85
T

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

Table 1.—The Make of Commodities
[Millions of dollars

Real estate
and
royalties

Hotels and
lodging
places

Personal
and repair
services
(except
auto)

Computer
and data
processing
services,
including
own-account
software

71B

72A

72B

73A

For the distribution of industries producing a commodity,
read the column for that commodity
Retail trade

Finance

Insurance

Owneroccupied
dwellings

69B

Industry

70A

70B

71A

For the distribution of commodities produced by an industry,
read the row for that industry

Commodity number

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
,
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction including own-account construction
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products

.

.

.

Legal,
engineering,
accounting,
9nri
related
services

73B

.

14
15
16 Broad and narrow fabrics yarn and thread mills
17
18

Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel

19 Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
20+21
22+23

Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures

24 Paoer and allied oroducts exceDt containers
25 Paperboard containers and boxes
26A Newspapers and periodicals
26B
27A

Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals

27B Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
28
29A

Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs

29B Cleaning and toilet preparations
30 Paints and allied products
31 Petroleum refining and related products
32 Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
33+34

35
36
37
38
39

40
41
42
43
44+45

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54

55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62

Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products .
Stone and clay products ...
Primary iron and steel manufactunng
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts

1,074

Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments

63 Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
64 Miscellaneous manufacturing
65A
65B

Railroads and related services, passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing

65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A

Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities) ,
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties ..
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical

71B

72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75

76
77A
77B
78
79
82
84
85

Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
General government industry
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total commodity output

•Less than $500,000.




683,713
555,123

580
303,241
561,548

289

681,408

889

72,325
114,619
251,767

579

2,028
1,628

94

152
33

687,371

555,217

304,295

567
673

311,362
1,372

254,081

312,734

2

457
11,206

561,548

693,960

72,325

115,200

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000 •

55

by Industries, 1996—Continued
at producers' prices]
Other
business
and
professional
services,
except
medical

Advertising

Eating and
drinking
places

Automotive
repair and
services

Amusements

Health
services

Educational
and social
services, and
membership
organizations

Federal
Government
enterprises

State and
local
government
enterprises

Scrap, used
and secondhand goods

General
government
industry

Household
industry

Inventory
valuation
adjustment

73C

73D

74

75

76

77A

77B

78

79

81

82

84

85

777
733

4

57
7
63
172
18
78
27
3
22
33
14

40,999
37,543

14
97
19
40
36
96
51
376
14
17
15
3
9
10
56
10
2
44

57

20
1
28
223
11
10
4
5

3,683

4,328
35,001

878

130

46,054

266
5885
471,379

287

99

13,914
38,780

126
621

335,585

182
94
619

189,177

20

173,366
684,210

943

291,848
1,785
1,130

95
407

67,101
38,553
886,742
12,284

478,767

175,210




337,370

236,460

175,505

684,210

291,848

67,101

39,431

2,457

886,742

12,284

690

Total industry
output

98,733
143,076
11,136
37,376
12,850
22,902
120,838
16,690
588,735
278,930
19,845
465,180
39,784
45,616
20,588
71,611
22,564
111,605
54,589
118,397
39,393
64,842
132,108
128,069
22,446
59,129
78,432
47,447
17,372
170,226
146,848
8,761
21,507
58,587
100,039
82,034
13,068
65,218
46,655
72,829
23,200
47,550
11,849
35,854
33.207
40,076
38,645
98,666
37,739
37,539
19,641
23,782
76,293
124,761
26,528
200,631
121,710
89,767
37,991
120,125
24,657
51,004
68,695
212,488
34,825
118,316
41,653
291,856
39,488
199,585
106,611
23,158
769,833
683,714
601,756
303,241
561,548
681,696
73,214
114,884
251,768
317,815
488,209
39066
336,205
189,382
173,480
684829
292,790
78281
114,093
886,742
12,284
ftQfl
oyu
13,789,458

Industry
number

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23

24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B

72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
82
84
oc
00

T

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

56 • January 2000

Table 2.—-The Use of Commodities
[Millions of dollars
For the distribution of output of a commodity,
read the row for that commodity

Commodity
number

For the composition of inputs to an industry,
read the column for that industry
Industry number

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
I
VA
T

Livestock and livestock Droducts
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products ..
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals .
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Legal engineering accounting and related services
Other business and professional services except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services . .
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total intermediate inputs
Value added
,
Total industry output

*Less than $500,000.




Livestock
and
livestock
products

Other agricultural
products

Forestry
and fishery
products

Agricultural,
forestry,
and
fishery
services

Metallic
ores
mining

Coal
mining

Crude
petroleum
and
natural
gas

Nonmetallic
minerals
mining

New construction,
including
own-account
construction

1

2

3

4

5+6

7

8

9+10

11

10,799
30,746
4,819

11
4,151
9,764

136
369
2,780

875
4125
70
204

1

Maintenance
and repair
construction,
including
own-account
construction

12

3

8

7

310

333

289

81

520

9

92
71

1,891

1,015

3,941
236
351

2,497

569

393
28,550
1,554
2,271
334

227
19,057
6
714
159

141
1,637
2

71
719

167
4,780
6,764
10,926

115
2,441
5,527
6,016

1,522
33,160
4,447
4,245

173
8,718
1,844
2,020

31,255
351
11,562

12,338
110
4,561

1,316
1,991
444
2
4,161
326

512
20
137
4
759
6

7,375
3,508
1,118
9,623
2,412

3,379
1,171
633
4,027
881

90

51

3

2,295

603

1,271

21

25
1,534
13

1,255

47
25"919

8

345

1,094

1,435

21,077
252
287

8

53

229
462

218
8
10
6
95
279

316
931
11
9
73
10,391

14
20

3

175"

1

57

13
3
39

2

5
5

641
2

4
6
1
1
319
2

1
2
2
1
1,170

278
84

610
308

42
344

151
84
15

110
17
2
40
325
70
13

78
140
71
116
1,155
149
5

518
25
285
49
19

77
12
12
55
516
219
4

46
31

247
145

109
207

120
20

26

9
163
7
6
6
3,069

71

4
67

4
86

3
68

17

240

1

11
3
19
1
327

1

332
72

47

125

86

186

898
504
51
7

546
3,026

11
3,296
785

254
8

8
221
43
13
6

151
72

3

5
1
610
17
1
2
247
1,450

551
164
6
206

2
23

18
36
297

506

138

379

40

57

36
61

83
166

1
1

26

2
3

3

11
40

43

2

27

244

667

6

41

4

9

11

17

1,458

497

68

163

34

54

19

38

45

63

674

350
89
726
31
847
559
4,378
101
379
9
1,200
360

12
14
24

16

72
33
1
1
2
18

1
2

20
10
4
70
333
9
500
2
166

2
76
190
9
37
3
32

48

2
4
3
797
356
48
90
5
38

2
14
3
169
291
24
246
9
215

5
82
324
9
52
6
50

185
1,947
74
1,936
994
9,115
176
852
20
2,382

1,438
5,462
92
1,091
68
584
211

690
310
11
712
23,954
145
69

754
138
653
24,379
13,225
3,535
3,984

36
1,396
2,484
39
36
115
265

59
346
1,410
65
123
31
297

17
31
274
37
1
12

1,740

8
3
19
212
10
83
54

60
2

789
95

497
441

862
376
726
6,847
27
566
1,069

1,157
24
225
123

406
38
90
51

528
35
3
941
235
185
74

4,995
27
32
5
74
569
13
8
125

12,388
40
90
4
95
1,505
26
15
367

12
28
7
6
279
193
6
28
66
2

292
58
74
3
523
455
138
60
351
277

102
33
6
12
178
183
6
39
33
1

657
78
9
11
401
248
14
78
41
13

21,235
251
12
75
1,799
501
130
249
125
47

209
43
3
34
164
174
48
50
33
2

3,023
469
273
481
39,990
17,967
397
482
2,937
82

1,351
222
158
265
8,773
8,942
189
227
1,718
46

79
11
46
58

49
6
1

25
37
23

36
10
5
114

99
1
3
38

103

14
8

34
575
19

12
295
9

6

3

329,223
259,512
588,735

140,343
138,588
278,930

137
6,343

1,997
67
10
21

2
847

62,582
80,494
143,076

6,111
5,025
11,136

14,673
22,703
37,376

6,589
6,261
12,850

11,139
11,762
22,902

69,565
51,272
120,838

1,431
1,075

27

2

93,769
4,964
98,733

338
11,337

6,539
10,151
16,690

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000 •

57

by Industries, 1996
at producers' prices]
Broad
Food and
kindred
products

Tobacco
products

narrow
fabrics, yarn
and thread
mills

13

14

15

16
548

80534
40,419
2,838

3,303

23

158

6

12

1

173

22

19

4558

Miscellaneous
textile goods
and floor
coverings

Apparel

Miscellaneous
fabricated
textile
products

Lumber and
wood
products

Furniture
and fixtures

Paper and
allied
products,
except
containers

Paperboard
containers
and boxes

Newspapers
and
periodicals

Other
printing and
publishing

Industrial
and other
chemicals

17

anH

Ordnance and
accessories

18

19

20+21

22+23

24

25

26A

26B

27A

95
71

35

32

54

11

13

17

3

3

ii

301

22

12
32

10
39

2,139

113

233

226

334

83

348

247

1,451

81

29

74,481

938

9+10

1,298

186

12
13

392

14
15
16
17
18
19

708
53
59
1,252

164

406
118
539

1 637

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8

491

7

io

27B

5050
1,052

7

33
88
207
15

8,970

198

794

2,491
1 555

Commodity
number

fertilizers
and
chemicals

137
822
5
2

380

693

18
10
21
25

2667

13
27

6

70
111
6,091
9,139

129
570

123
23

2,262
2
189
1143

47
33

503

25

2

15751
2,280

2

536
547
42

29
38

88
84

16
15

23
5

13
152
460

2

5
32
2

3,359

3

5
43

48
5
38
234

5
929

16,430

219
5

2
831

36
49
1
1
452

362

7,597

5,116

907

533

81

41

98

332

1,317
9,432

57
292

131
191

81
196

153
454
351

7

377
1

15

3,677

18
207
279

5897
1435

8,713

23

51
427
547

3

172
5
4

4
19

6

84
52

1
1
44

35,599
148

4,664
263

7,993

55

16

11

62
258
14
14

123
785
2
11
79

17,829
1,503

16,887

5,754

18,889

130
24
5
826

16
1,364
4,530

554
156

447
186

7
186

424

156

5,122
31
2,997

9
186
636
939
2
283
624
65
31

34
469
243

478
11
607

2,319

4,050

60
191
139
2,027

560

528

164
144
324
170

63
44
119

260
77

19
257

13,492
2,659

9
1
108
21
1
1

5
230
1,650

9,469

867
419

121
149
11

1443

28
51
123
126

57
151
270
243

174

61
115

1
6
4
9
19

50

6

657

1177

526

3120

5
392

25
76
98
116
195

47
51
112
129

69
338
40
299

3
10

11
25

8

24

26
2

31

30
169

5
27

38
520

85

24
28
2

134
55
1
1

3
1

4
6

10

24
25
26A
26B

50
91

31,690
1148

2,309
2 637

27A
27B
28
29A

29B
30
31
32

87

992
139
681

85

2,130
1,428

220
181

117
131
381
10
624

17
30
1
83

5
827

51

2
2
35
49

20+21
22+23

380
587
9
16

33+34

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45

14

18
224
929
6

98

19

24
240

1

5
265

87

30

3
204
5
30

9
44
28

1

137
3
262
202

2
2

2

1

17
64

4

10
10
29

24
113
1
99
1
61

2,949
7,999

135
28
15
490
5
119
44

3,305
1,878

153
52
16
138
82
327
84
57
41
7

14
3
3
8

8,206
11,639
19,845

174
1,606

23
701

3
1
6
55
214
3
130
2
79

16

2

7

2

17

13

2

22

21

io

46

40

15

5

3

12
7
13
192
825
11
208
3
184

24
11
4

7
2
1
444

137
813
133
531

123
22
3

10
1

191
503
8
137
1
61

284

2,140

1,111
2,921

1,215

12
491
5
515

126
397
149
270

21
58
2
44
291
714
127
1,164

1,255
3,595

1,546

84
403
8
273

8
168
4
109

21
148
18
192
586
1
207
4
392

190
142

398
124
47

2,487
1,304

643

317
90
35

267
59
19

860
266
87

7,891

4,073

6,053

2,204

1,643

5,033

2,513
2,509
1,016
7,620

8
155
56

87
638
256

93
407
141

164
745
300

13
230
90

45
424
156

54
829
314

77
877
327

16
201
55

660
268
149
231
324

547
151
42
95
419
986
567
183
151
10

419
315
339
531
249

183
101
68
110
69
524
59
106
183
13

2,053

3,208

169
50
288
787

355
149
430
502

875
343
301
485

815
253
185
40

329
65
12
31
91
257
110
78
52
3

2,826
1,584

2,424
1,312

170
249
50

370
631
64

100
60
60
103
256
503
277
59
143
5

154
29
9
2

67
430
16
100

216
286
45
271

2
774
97
789
3
369
3
157

1
25
27
269
2
91
1
55

657
256
38

162
78
25

1,065

3,492

1,109

18
492
180
831
215
121
104
192

1,021

2,160

865

132
312
112

32
228
98

172
138
49
92
418
425

295

139
158
66

128
104
259
121
115
583
113
122
210
5

94
61
89
76
84
278
205
65
108
4

305
180
306
748

55
63
17
26

27
21
13
44

13
22
9
14
45

52
65
30
36

14,060
6,528
20,588

52,546
19,065
71,611

331,156
134,024
465,180




15,709
24,074
39,784

195
51

30,131
15,485
45,616

3
1

1
1
125
393
13
71
1
62

642

3,750

2

417

30,364

1,246
5,600
11,822
1,175
1,975

1

6

3

263
117
47
942
8
137
54

560
898

59
122

12

1,019

1,764
1,137

12
13

4

83
17
6

2,986
1,212

1

2
7

1,281
1,089

50
866
6
525

4,439

13,595
8,969
22,564

13
74
714
2,548

51
291
9
192

1,341

388
308
454
31
256
56
41
12

72,152
39,453
111,605

1,864

698
331
824
48

102
67
28
44
8

156
60
146
146
813

24
19
7
18

30,871
23,718
54,589

70,544
47,853
118,397

26,617
12,775
39,393

25,960
38,883
64,842

61,946
70,162
132,108

2,864
2,206

812
357
715
53
123
69
83
1,279

83,740
44,330
128,069

39
4
10
42
5

14,969
7,477
22,446

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A

59B
60
61
62

63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67

68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B

72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A

77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85

VA
T

58 • January 2ooo

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 2.—The Use of Commodities
[Millions of dollars
For the distribution of output of a commodity,
read the row for that commodity

Commodity
number

For the composition of inputs to an industry,
read the column for that industry

Industry number
1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
43
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
I
VA
T

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural forestry and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
<
Broad and narrow fabrics vam and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes ....
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals .
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufactunng
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total intermediate inputs
Value added
Total industry output

*Less than $500,000.




Plastics
and
synthetic
materials

Drugs

Cleaning
and toilet
preparations

Paints and
allied
products

28

29A

29B

30

Rubber
Petroleum
and misrefining
cellaneous
and related
plastics
products
products

31

Glass and
glass
products

Stone and
clay
products

33+34

32

Footwear,
leather,
and leather
products

35

36

Primary iron
and steel
manufacturing
37

56
207
40
45

20

49
374

17

9

1

15

5

1
1
27
27
6
93,956
430

632

658

297

69

1,327

1,065

59

81

350

593

180

143

20

925

12
1
2

13

16

220
173
4

2
2

5
4

4

1,239
1,308
11
15
251

146
1,005
7
491
1,826

143
1,916
1
172
4,751

110
147
3
7
2,558

1,222
1,756
10
34
6,594

1
22

786
232
2
1
20,173
289
1,771
340
20
216
2,513

14
6
24
2

3
1
8
3,347

i'66
1,855

2,772
16
689
3,350

2
283
190
1

8
9
1

263
16

217
6
2

4

87

495

4
211
6
1
531

20

80
51

69
125

3
3

15

2

16

493

573
1
494
306
21

2
33
18
246

45
2,605
1,270

3,236

262

188

425

789

24
1

9
269

207"

49
28

48
789

1
340

2
775

628
191
2
6
1,233

32
20
2
96
1,147

29

302

10

96
76
372
8,390
1,006
190
708
96

181

1
262

25,912

2,244
8,570
57

1

14
21
86

215

1,478
61

40
259
2,347
4

37
18
121
485

120
75
545
429

2,087
259
25

147
6,330
537
88

133

138

61
405
889
31

31
19
32
109

4

10

1

23

57
37

5
53

5

1
125

7
273
610
34
1,020

1
6

3
9

11
26

1
1

4

15

22

2
49

24

2
29

105

16

29
78
395

3
30
516
180

1,410
18,115
1,798
3
7
385

"5
25
822

133

137
35
50
163

1,768
643

9
52

3
66

5
14

1
903

9

82

7

28
17

6

8

56

18

2

44
27

1

2

3

3

16

16

5
4
1
447
1,129
51
179
16
264

18
13
33
163
325
8
335
3
337

8
6
8
274
590
27
175
8
168

5
1
1
293
435
20
51
2
46

29
7
5
400
871
293
103
4,511
202

14
19
22
854
4,196
85
477
7
419

6
14
136
20
43
1
23

11
3
1
276
314
162
66
7
70

22
5
43
629
3,587
132
155
6
182

127
10
3
1,499
2,787

1,083
675
320
3,003
37
430
135

591
194
164
5,608
57
710
190

233
111
96
2,839
148
389
122

87
29
64
925
4
134
40

1,504
2,267
504
6,931
31
1,271
239

2,506
534
216
6,293
178
1,084
363

57
29
92
459
6
52
25

545
349
56
1,008
57
144
56

1,209
961
123
2,139
71
354
165

3,044
1,691
728
9,196
32
681
260

224
158
164
279
1,563
868
321
165
378
29

711
294
79
211
2,305
2,424
5,555
336
250
87

427
147
48
106
730
992
3,252
152
151
60

61
49
12
25
180
160
223
50
45
13

1,539
145
292
455
1,036
1,558
589
235
602
37

1,356
408
280
527
894
2,294
817
450
721
60

51
23
9
42
22
91
185
30
24
1

133
62
60
101
80
374
97
73
145
4

401
149
160
244
267
1,019
315
162
376
14

363
268
417
683
376
2,066
412
292
902
35

194
15
23
306

567
30
18
2,915

136
50
17
569

13
8
1
92

201
46
18
468

594
82
37
330

4
14
9
3

15
16
5
43
88

47
31
20
157

76
67
43
136
3,952

40,225
18,904
59,129

40,544
37,888
78,432

27,902
19,545
47,447

10,213
7,159
17,372

143,748
26,478
170,226

81,612
65,236
146,848

6,005
2,756
8,761

10,081
11,426
21,507

29,222
29,365
58,587

65,850
34,190
100,039

354
190

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000 •

59

by Industries, 1996—Continued
at producers' prices]
Heating,

Metal containers

cated
structural
metal
products

38

39

Screw
machine
products and
stampings

40

Other fabricated
metal
products

Engines and
turbines

Farm, construction, and
mining
machinery

Materials
handling
machinery
and
equipment

Metalworking
machinery
and
equipment

Special
industry
machinery
and
equipment

General
industrial
machinery
and
equipment

Miscellaneous
machinery,
except
electrical

Computer
and office
equipment

Service
industry
machinery

41

Primary nonferrous metals
manufacturing

42

43

44+45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52
1
2
3

21
37

3

2,992

1

16

20
36
A
c

9
2

28
31
3

1

4

74

234

493

429

160

3

253

52

10

13

22

20

4
5+6

2

2

34
3
1

12

1

2

1

225

191

202

257

762

262

63

3

254
1

7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16

4

22
13
3

13
6
1
24

12

1

20
461

Commodity
number

14

17

1

18

88

20+21
22+23

24
25
26A
26B

1Q

45

52
74
1
3
294

5
40
58
113

1,254

24

89

39
258
3
4
622

77
262
1
4
215

293
402
2
2
752

50

243

114

381

3
309
166
665
1
269
78

6
109
86
200

16
531
220
1,923

36
74

64
139

11,030
5,273

10,748
2,334

8,474
4,044

3

6
88

691
948

110

2
2

117

116

49

8

12
12
2
6
33

5
1

21
82
1
5
183

243
23
2
3
41

158
121

3
3

12
67
4
5
7

50
339
15
11

156
131
1
1
83

19

8
9

25

13

27

153

19
107
995

12
78
173

8
42
72

13
118
58

1,587

1,011

1
5

27A
27B
28
9QA

19
39
223

525
188
871
25,897

376
31
20

29B
30
31
32

8
2,376
4,741
1,161

2,388

38
648

6
207

845
2,104

71
89
322

67
574

10

285

17
56

91

116

4,940

1,306

2,673

706

407

282

795

1,941
1,398

2,900
1,088

2,718
2,334

284
866
835

1,937

1,555
4,779

490
389
524
215

145
368
592
42

1,215

2,531

474
303
909
133

722
807
267

1,509

205
386
298
115

349
322
420

57

10
312
773

913
16
168

254
47

15
1,732

241
2128

8
213

468

55

185

47
48

1,383
1,432

815
391

343

818

459

1,204

1,423

3,081
1,458

27
187

685
975

35
4

1

49
50
51
52

1,404

1,538

31
31
299

1,938

97

13
52

3,137

15
863
98

509
372

18

407

1,130
3

298

78

92
1,117

23
670

387

54

147
347

1

14
104

34

1
409

2

8

4

269

57

1

6
5
2
657

1

977

674
818

362

14
128
1,007

4
160
2,033
2,360

272
746
49

33+34

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45

403

14

851

46

2,408

16116
2851
2,114

2,360

5

10

91

117
909

245

2

283

262

44

4
47

56
33

69
26

105
32

31,102

6

1
13

1,125

169
89

3

73

2

9

4

6

5

9

6

2

1
12
18
141
1
52

13
6
4
48
372
3
142
1
149

4
1
45
292
2
139
1
151

17
5

11

50
326
2
160
1
171

64
302
3
131
2
107

6
23
2
102
210
3
612
5
477

634
5
28
63
341
3
157
2
110

19

53
54

55
56
57
58
59A

15

5

7

55
259
3
40
1
23

136
9
10
199
940
7
196
2
185

6
2
165
656
9
148
2
100

4
7
2
186
907
15
235
2
240

23
381
1
115
2
50

4
17
78
693
5
183
2
133

492
206

152
60
19

429
200
55

516
166
588

844
367
143

158
47
28

313
119
39

58
26
4

318
89
24

213
63
20

345
108
40

376
109
29

532
72
65

238
77
106

7,322

1,088

4,102

2,951

4,140

1,264

3,278

1,187

1,757

2,491

2,497

1,415

13,008

2,542

16
473
187

6
88
31

45
389
141

29
353
113

55
467
167

7
147
51

16
314
115

4
71
33

10
219
85

11
197
69

16
247
92

11
246
86

35
896
261

28
272
90

390
211
165
256
203

61
41
28
41
44
164
35
42
71
9

583
171
55
141
257

356
126
106
190
371
980
346
151
233
21

574
197
115
256
417

100
66
31
90
54
296
50
73
76
8

162
130
56
154
303
603
350
149
158
22

70
31
8
19
88
143
77
35
28
1

315
98
33
87
251
497
239
127
118
5

311
90
26
66
263
420
245
111
84
10

215
107
53
117
245
592
355
131
151
7

445
103
39
74
268
748
310
115
120
17

1,390

158
102
39
129
197
422
298
118
115
18

72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75

75
47
31
79
38

23
12
7
29

33
47
10
127

6
9
5
38

32
21
13
33
3

20
35
7
105

31
28
13
144
11

31
14
15
69
3

86
6
9
34

77B
78
79
80

37,770
35,059
72,829

14,042
9,158
23,200

15,323
20,531
35,854

18,157
15,049
33,207

20,329
19,747
40,076

15,868
22,777
38,645

2,445

40
294
3
150
2,034

1,062

147
233
393
21

88
36
28
190

25
1
4

3

3,235

57,927
24,107
82,034

11,688
1,380
13,068




1,470

321
201
186
11

75
40
21
103
107

135
32
11
51

36,266
28,951
65,218

27,736
18,918
46,655

1,252

609
230
329
12

26,268
21,282
47,550

8

7,136
4,713
11,849

338
61
1,181
1,014
1,523
1,172

325
259
75
180
28
17
5,459

86,124
12,542
98,666

22,418
15,321
37,739

59B
60
61
62

63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67

68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B

76
77A

81
82
83
84
85
I

VA
T

60

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

• January 2000

Table 2.—The Use of Commodities
[Millions of dollars
For the distribution of output of a commodity,
read the row for that commodity
Commodity
number

For the composition of inputs to an industry,
read the column for that industry

Industry number
1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining ....
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals ...
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing .
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments

69B

Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines freight forwarders and related services .
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade

70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
I
VA
T

Insurance
r
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry .
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total intermediate inputs
Value added
Total industry output

68C
69A

Finance

* Less than $500,000.




industrial
equipment
and
apparatus

Household
appliances

Electric
lighting and
wiring
equipment

Audio, video,
and communication
equipment

Electronic
components
and accessories

Miscellaneous
electrical
machinery
and
supplies

Motor
vehicles
(passenger
cars and
trucks)

Truck and
bus bodies,
trailers, and
motor
vehicles
parts

Aircraft and
parts

53

54

55

56

57

58

59A

59B

60

Electrical

Other transportation

equipment

61

1
26
41
1

10

10

25
36

111

1

33

44
318
24

59
34
9

18

17

26
10

3

688

954

702

145

5

1

31
211

139

2

124

569

2,208

172

2
2
1

2

2
35

12
1
267
199

2

175
1,383
6
5,614
5
4,698
43
20
6
20
918

20
219
73
100
524
6
34
507

81
14
5
97
17
43
18
10
4
19
49

145
781
26
11
5
1
2
17

256

136

134
135
1,466

180
106
853

14
206
703
2,227

217
22
2,086
529

236
747
1,376

807
281
640
1,816
27
2
63

87

5
150

137
316
2
1
50

3
796
288
167
7
19
13

14
274
200
18
10
1,691

1
52
333
5
2
195

111

522

561

216

329

370

9

705

23
93
210
1,074

17
162
69
1,799

30
10
72
767

23
23
59
1,676

11

4

128
1,895

48
1,934

1,111
1,779
2,081

33
104
1,383
945

574
185
878
1,364

3
14
372
1,026

946
92
644
3,196

19
526
1,430

8
2,091
218
12,694
1
1,873
250
346
60

6
654
228
3,234
1
81
401
10,478
9,540

191
749
222
383

622
369

729
466

502
886
494

425
1,200
4,035

110
298
520

17,424
3,379
2,849

1,547
5,408
1,747
359

91

41

70

66

258
111

64

11
236

10
329

174
328
11
2
3,048

85
50

70
1,009
3
2,849
6

2,044
5,491
4
317
14
96
1
4,410
2,146
890
12,063

184
107
3
2
58

121

28
205
322
5
244

847
1,175
2
200

109
153
137

929
230
1,255
79

3
669

74

482
957
24
290

879
15

212
1

187
1

545
2,996
21,982
338

222
204
27,583

86
42
2,796
761

1

4

8

6

1,048
1,584
5,768
3,221
321
58,631

598
32

1,758
23
15
601
3,006
17
1,308
6
217

6
24
9
382
1,666
17
655
5
237

6,609
16
11
106
421
5
707
1
189

3

756

423

92

629
1,385
29
5
16,612

73"

891
299
94"
1,096
174
116
13
2
109
951
916
1,257
168
2
3
77
455
2
145

98
7
3
101
311
8
155
1
155

763
1
16
48
295
4
89
1
70

4
53
44
271
2
85
1
75

429
17
1
97
281
2
360
3
388

279
549
15
558
5
556

142
9
1
51
282
2
107
9
73

315
104
35
2,810
31
309
85

139
50
9
1,506
39
138
50

203
71
25
1,750
47
159
58

390
66
35
5,680
45
641
195

1,655
222
154
8,603
44
1,096
342

248
58
75
2,316
26
210
66

540
180
107
15,660
60
1,273
478

1,059
270
380
8,706
62
944
307

470
87
125
2,937
14
714
185

194
69
44
2,043
13
216
87

256
102
44
85
148
586
424
123
123
8

66
58
14
27
65
225
492
67
56
7

240
68
19
71
127
326
478
85
77
6

757
237
66
390
674
1,184
537
253
223
43

1,401
399
304
797
1,895
3,119
1,636
420
693
80

185
74
43
69
87
581
243
97
115
6

460
542
163
151
1,428
1,564
860
553
15,819
104

430
349
245
391
756
1,706
2,388
379
569
87

291
242
134
595
663
1,394
338
253
336
46

428
93
22
89
195
418
201
113
80
6

34
28
8
285

38
41
8
45

15
16
9
282

118
94
10
607

319
58
47
434

45
15
9
445
93

997
125
69
647

413
187
53
512
29

293
70
12
140

32
12
11
30

20,101
17,439
37,539

13,378
6,262
19,641

12,748
11,033
23,782

47,774
28,519
76,293

74,379
50,383
124,761

16,404
10,124
26,528

178,318
22,313
200,631

88,333
33,378
121,710

47,312
42,456
89,767

20,238
17,754
37,991

81

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

6l

by Industries, 1996—Continued
at producers' prices]

Scientific and
controlling
instruments

Ophthalmic and
photographic
equipment

Miscellaneous
manufacturing

Railroads
and related
services;
passenger
ground
transportation

Motor freight
transportation
and
warehousing

Water
transportation

Air
transportation

Pipelines,
freight
forwarders,
and related
services

Communications, except
radio and TV

Radio and
TV broadcasting

Electric
services
(utilities)

Gas
production
and
distribution
(utilities)

Water and
sanitary
services

Wholesale
trade

62

63

64

65A

65B

65C

650

65E

66

67

68A

68B

68C

69A

6
37

64
15
28

10
15

26
10
12
2

1
1

3
3

1

1

1

3

67

6

6

1

445

21
10

9
10
8

46189

13,316

8,093

5
758

171

206

35

731
252
11
3
450

511
35
187
39
668
39
296
814
7
43
452

548

302

32
43
146

13

37
254
186

2,655

525
127
1 100
1,674

20
905

41
610
163
10
43
125

1,721

42
24
130
930
2126

28

28
6
16
191
130

12
3
11
51
73
144
51
418
136

241
209

878

1

1,116

1

43
73

1,053

67

339
665
20
1
105
45
424
540
11
51
171

3,294

113
73
502
287

14
63
96
12

8
6
3

85
220

36
26
12

37
3
20
137
9

20
101
20
221
9

2
67
3,850

321
1
86
2
502
1

9,376
2,445

33
623
112

1
5
9

g
2

2
131
5
36
266
137
122
1,010

18

310

2,034

2

187

34

424
139

6
167
4
4
20

33

7
1
188
48

102

1

17

37

114

100

84
608

5
120
8
1
118

24
414
16
4
213

431
156

338
769

5

11,574

48

708
3

15
6
265
15

28
106

240

8

5

6

506

808

1306

490
4
7
53
17
88

6
30
2
68
92
5
11
300

14
3

58
7

6
33
85
293
693
2
33

107
526
9
149
2
159

2,962

500
20
269
520
491

39,356
1,139
1,843
6,608
2,490

133
57
25

293
111
33

103
1
144

1,258

5,551

1,376

4,017

2,273

2,802
6,283

67
887
279

20
211
61

69
315
122

248
796
392

1,640
2,423

1,044

484
115
38
71
268
760

759
161
53

378
300
56

126
69
16
74
60
596
341
78
64
14

271
116
33
331

109
17
4
242

26
9
139
531
7
460
5
608

166
936
1
75
165
7
81
1
128

764
102
75

3891

326
86
457
1,297
2,803
1,772

53,855
66,270
120,125

9,511
15,147
24,657




11
2,953

1,665

151
134
19
178
99
17
105
1

24,947
26,057
51,004

12
14

1,018

499
1,670

270
224
827
25
292
66
118
247

27,154
41,541
68,695

145
993

4,372

738
129
485
1,146
5,326

430
733
12,061
138
79

106
289
350
883
6

111,032
101,456
212,488

6,713

61
1,630

43
142
9
39
472
15
952
88
895
47
34
166
683
3,386
1,221

49
18
17

17
18
19

245

2891

20+21
22+23

15
6
9
11
17

70
19
10
92
345

21
6
1
15
3

10
3
4
4
542

3,011
4 777

3

5

35
5

2,049

266
11
1

24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32

181
1
8
5

2
742
215
21
33
1

121
1

535
409
418

3

48
41
660

11

100

8

1

19
97

25

4

156
63
30
5
38

582
31
507
5
552

8
31

76
280
13
1
247

3
8
111
1

3
20

132

1

23

12

5 043
5719

46

152

9

399
7,904

428
575
8
55
623
22
4,537
3,596

6
208
167
125
564
555
169
3
761
27
96
772
285
85
64
1,170

553
253
140
242
254

33+34

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57

256

47
221
11

124

27

35

517

58
59A

51

4

14

10

1,016

1,400

36
32
38
244
55
259
976

39
119
116
290
380
26
981
15

7
28
4
29
56

124
8
28

1,207

40,791

1
676

744
7
4
40
121
5
62
9
492

82
825
618
860

691
562
449
24
354

19
7
6
53
55
8
345
968
64

165

1 032

1,040

160

6,131

23,860

110
534

246
993
48

1,059

30
632
33
836
226

1,581

1,636

205
6
58
109
11
311
403

24

45

481
5
44
374
35

672
193
162
277

5,999
1,606
1,385
23,021
1,992
8,307
2,823

59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A

277
124
3
273

68
48
80
34
781
298
1
51
49
9

23,336
2,776
1,944
8,289
9,917
42,145
19,831
2,809
6,781
1,137

14
36

1,670
4,710

3

5 985

3
24
20
37
154
111
52
7,200
10,099
1,236

278
16
144
1,833

124
360
3,011

105
3,038

382

298

925

1,538

849
116
96

4,888

306
404
2,451
1,110
1,909
1,489
2,086

176
81

177
12

81
80
25

3449

8 774

23,611
11,215
34,825

14

15
16

4

7,358

3,373

16
29
76
37
446

9+10
11
12
13

11

23

110
38

3,677

3
4
5+6
7
8

2

2

50
85

34

27

1
3

587
98

179

ii

31
1

219
178
1
14
4

12
2
272
330

9
347
250

445

10,334

45

1,672
1,866

1,552

3
4

6

151
158
539
2

3

11,384

8

10
226
64

1,438

562
4

1
2

106

13,607

173

Commodity
number

59,000
59,315
118,316

3,723
2,201
1,485
1,095

122
248
28
407
160
13
349

18,461
23,192
41,653

874
2,273
3,497
9,606
6,810
4,788

869

8

931
88
191
463
517
1,130
1,014

88
188

1,778
4,239

17,582

663
945
64

384
41
11

8447

129,884
161,972
291,856

26,440
13,048
39,488

5,358

2,876

554
1,573

417
105
1,926
1,808
2,564

149
516
261
92
1,174

496
25
41

61,241
138,344
199,585

2,285

706
23
135
171
51

59
111
7
77

86,419
20,192
106,611

3,093

66
4,003

425
14,655

72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76

Ilk
450

1

11,552
11,605
23,158

70B
71A
71B

252,246
517,587
769,833

77B
78
79
80

81

82
83
84
85
I
VA
T

62

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 2.—The Use of Commodities
[Millions of dollars

For the composition of inputs to an industry,
read the column for that industry

Retail
trade

Finance

70A

Industry number
1
2
3
4

5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48

49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E

66
67

68C
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75

76
77A
77B
78

79
80
81
82
83
84
85
I
VA
T

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction .
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
H & Q t O cLHCI T V DTOcLQCcLStinQ
,
, ,
.....•#....
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)

Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software .
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total intermediate inputs
Value added
Total industry output

* Less than $500,000.




2

Insurance

70B

71A

estate and

Hotels and
lodging
places

72A

71B

4

Computer
and data
processing
services,
including
own-account
software

Legal,
engineering,
accounting, and
related

73A

73B

Other
business and
professional
services,

4,962

Advertising

medical

73D

73C

30

"i60

"793

Owneroccupied
dwellings

Personal
and repair
services
(except
auto)
72B

For the distribution of output of a commodity,
read the row for that commodity
Commodity
number

4

3

"'4"i'O2

"'i29

"i62
1

1,553

26,203

38,238

682

2,006

483

173
72
59
36
38
180
1
5,153
1,125
140

639
46

141
120
1,196
162
360
3,691
58

420
61
41

1,745
24

31
15

185
36
3,269
2,338
198
24
33
15
5

40
7
810
222

13
70
2
623
94
28
2
508

739
51
198

17
54
587
19
216
145
58
153
13
157

170
45
459
315
67

72
39
1,001

180
140
48
8
296
53
241
395

50
2
1,977
54
69
1,937
20

116
2
765
114
168
2,201
53

6
48
138
375
4

28

70

15
i
'

76
1
203
287
4
283
56

11

20

163
325
5

609
466
5
7
526

254

'"lOO
"233

34
25
428
2
23
1

49

1,222
11
420
474
342

195
409
4

12
10
95
8
108
286
5

1
317
1
5

26
63
69
285

17
61
47
137
723
367
72
1,<44

21
4
1
232

2,782
1,817

31
3
234
282
23
170
31
4

78
9
7
2,332
3

217

3
63
166
141
536
672
2
1,487
24
4,817

2
560
560

107

369

1,656
22

145
405
1,035
2
1,182
16

8,313

5,321

491
4,616
4

395
50

6,561
1,137

151

4,389
983
300
6,036
1,396

12,319
2,604

2,082
568
1,247
2,038
145
109,725
2,170

127
20,139
84,453

45,429
2,088
2,168
4,484
5,450
28,336
33,919
2,678
4,214
699

16,824
1,438
510
12,353
15,940
23,777
9,940
1,417
1,397
386

9,563
1,210
215
1,937
8,888
12,736
3,212
1,213
4,939
250

678
3,770
461
123

1,216
15,930
181

425
2,061
33

5,950

1,145
1

250,982
350,774
601,756

167,302
135,940
303,241

786

558
77
1,905
1,522
64
395
116
116
30
40
143
490
205
120
248
850
777
622
718
785
186

47
15,706
2
303

114
577
5
5

2
13
9,651
925

6
54
23
438

1,247
531

94

38

39

744

15

76

211,501
472,213
683,714

209

1,093
65

2
90
248
444
632
1,950
27
2,093
57
7,165

1

125
8
160
1
1,785
889

16
24
1
470
151
10
33
14
2

2,179

13,534
1,081
2,124
3,462
2,550

70

10

"242
20
68
53
14
356

1,352
116
28

222
228
10,553
3,796
18,753

41,782
1,572
1,337

616
2,651
2,164

11,091
19,090
6,111
1,557

5,269
306
622
1,821
555

70,547
491,000
561,548

167,029
514,667
681,696

8
31
75
77
338
3
334
1,037
905

1,045
1,620
102
607
2
330

137
245
168
221
411
2
905
10
5,262

52
609
277
230
833
27
1,091
12
4,027

2,704
454
998
544
118
3,915
213

1,292
458
576
2,518
110
1,061
341

716
58
90
5,548
57
2,104
314

1,232
152
154
1,529
69
3,735
593

4,278
308
535
402

6,151

18,142

15,625

664
6,617
1,310
419
477
55

266
4,931
548
4,119
3,436
2,724
312

607
449
21,171
3,483
10,002
2,145
691

1,374
256
5,087
23,846
29,904
1,043

795

618

1,527
143

1,366
183

151
329
130
128

411
593
84
34
1

3,026
1,369
31
848

1,360
2,655
86
736

32,641
40,573
73,214

46,632
68,252
114,884

112,219
139,549
251,768

105,259
212,555
317,815

1,490
6

251
44

32

458
247
1,219
743
884

2,176
2,433
46
6,753

1,639
406
405
5,187
991
4,504
1,387
11,556
2,091

917
5,839
9,142
28,695
3,936
2,365
3,177
933
3
1,695
2,779

1
423
257
133
9
4
374
23
217
74
185
83
39
171
1,657
2,936
224
83
426
873
90
194

127
1,971
1

62

128,567
359,642
488,209

11,540
27,526
39,066

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000 •

63

by Industries, 1996—Continued
at producers' prices]
Educational
Eating and
drinking places

Automotive repair
and services

Amusements

74

75

76

and
social
services,
and
membership
organizations

Health services

77A

437

Federal
Government
enterprises

General
government
industry

Household
industry

Inventory valuation
adjustment

78

77B

State and local
government
enterprises

79

82

84

85

80
246
46

135
160

84

70
260
11
329

1,212

488

23
21
6

2

1

6

3

644

2,264
2,438

3

246

5

93,913
93,416
16,650
36,303
9048
20,265
174,136
14097

409
99D

817
67

3

Total intermediate
use

Commodity
number

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10

236
790

66,958

47
9
201
52

72
53
193
20
330
243
126
53
122
298

1,000
1,072

31
883
300

58
5
760
2,453

137
446
2,576
4,204

2
468
419

1,040

9

8

71
116
3

1
39

2,140
2,450
1,261

1,500
30

3,971

10,737

1,962

967

2,578

4,913

3,227

601

111
14
151
64
129
1
291
132
90
369
198
210

42
66
702
832
217
3

42
12
113
110
417
1

13
15
2
221

2,583

1,430

10
43
56
452
226
87
8
3
1
23
8
31
142

960
449
3,165
9,982

49
205

384
1,094
11,691

243
62

582
168
207
9
828
132

41
425

48
47
35
407
14

12
43
48
100
4

8
180
1,320

198

64

3
44

1,156

1,358

4,007

26
31
6

123

440
3
15

943
108
352
13
29
3

402
540
2

3
93
385
7

737
3
1,178
8,173

26
1,260

16
5
11
170
1,574

20
3

50
589

59
48
14
108
g
7

2
3
29
111
147
16

25

16

127
91
55
30
24
307
75
219
229

158
6
24

1,055

687
11
336
982
98

143
15
1
800

132
131
28
741
87
312
289

30

477
627
12
106
20
42
173

24,195

125

415

337

1,373

318

10,937
1,449

12
287
527

22
2
22
32
765

136
13
12
30
649
802
519
131
47
484

1,263

552

3
11
22
535
585

166
56
50
368

2,612

1,117

18
18

20
861
334

94
17
81
389
152
398
5
549
11

35

28

1,272

1,868

1,453

7,284

3,004

6,331
1,128
1,896
15,136

1,581

2,733

7,961
1,611
2,120
11,881

2,669

1,088

51

68
214
67

12,492

4

1
273
342
39
21
51
6
14
118
20

10
12
39
2

436
555

225
416
2,748

3,111

7,934
1,404
3,147

631

977

429

15,340

9,617

10,355

886
850
926

628
2,119

818

478
476
717

2,642
7,932
6,707
4,919
1,629
3,541

1,447
4,246
3,069

3,824
6,381
6,171

517
517
240
181
1

143
655
250
208
635

93,628
95754
189,382

78,618
94863
173,480

1,007
1,153

331

39

37

2,956

1,035

1,694
1,796
1,661

16
338

677
895

446
287
580

4,828

1,120

3,862
3,787
1,282
1,464

-208

165,919
170286
336,205

355
954
2,144

37

466

175

524

431

1,486

4,639
3,710

5,211

21
796
274

1,646

971

44,623
2,802
1,691
5,700
11,246
37,723
3,054
4,538
5,348

29,673

1,237

2,324

903
645

31
22
155
282

42
119
261

648

545

2,772

1,162
28,732

134




46
260
648
55
307

389

3,511
4,316
20,912
7,132
1,816
1,906
1,331

12679
2,269
6,281

1,698
2,673

266
36

137
26

256,151
428 678
684,829

135,088
157 702
292,790

2,325

8
103
364
39
110
42

23
230

3,494
1,894

272
115
469
2
107
295
1,139

58,478
55615
114,093

12
13

413,285
33,466
29,041
100,383
223,797
409,128
172,547
43,838
95,999
63,645
14,803
27,397
53,542
6,448
60,727
8,882

1,253

24,657
53625
78,281

11

197,071
690
178,591
2,667
40823
11,669
19,080
13,058
105766
8630
99,029
37,680
5,314
65,396
118,689
20,084
57104
22679
10,533
15700
98,762
132,294
4,328
20,512
58,800
108287
89,416
13,215
57650
46,025
67,639
14,149
6,230
3960
12,808
7,209
23,677
34,863
41,314
20,838
31,181
3822
22,093
16,525
136813
17,541
2259
108,729
21,268
4 084
33,142
10,279
14,804
39,070
143,460
13,414
51,919
28,037
137,388
1454
110,504
69,485
34,481
387,051
52,121
248,812
129,325

20,751

5,976,283
886742
886,742

12284
12,284

690
690

14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23

24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67

68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B

72A
72B
73A
73B
7X
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
I

VA

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

64 • January 2000

Table 2.—The Use of Commodities
[Millions of dollars
For the distribution of output of a commodity,
read the row for that commodity

Commodity
number

For the composition of inputs to an industry,
read the column for that industry
Industry number

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A

59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B

65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C

70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C

73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
73
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
I
VA
T

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining




Change in private
inventories

93

Exports of poods and
services

:

-1,271
6,526

3,996
900

9
29
953
65

1,330
273,979
31,677
1,731
6,527
92,502
13,895
2,875
27,911
17,126
471
15,959
19,806

2,390

451,315
29,811
22

2,715

8,955
20,784

1,779

56,851
35,198
613

59,995
18,764
19,382

1,437
3,206
42
82
312
1,648
5,415
182
240
1,032
257
135

10,523
1,434

264
15,378
2,220
26,764
189
7,269
117,402
5,723
385
15,822
6,300
7,178
45,066
24,222
31,618
6,167

46,198
4,318
123,489
3,033

299

25
67
52
4,959
3,462
3,790
32,594
9,071
27,539
25,835
15,967
728
58,280
10,558
8,523
3,699
360
40,882

127,634
9,527
11,072
9,167
50,555
7,635
7,180
1,293
5,834
6
2,320

6,259

-80
261
343
500

216
2,110
258

-654
99
244
103
443
252
-564
40
-46
392
1,064
-87
115
1,613
361
175
1,856
969
262
187
374
1,276
451
-10
545
204
1,080
108
634
12
163
-167
396
381
-1,255
362
101
12
104
277
-139
339
299
776
2,410
320
49
54
955
-30
353
11
51
27

26,364
199,023
610,413
264,306

9

73,967
24,807

"'£013

172,314
561,548
188,505
37,412
82,345

6,867
52,827

39,368

98,142
19,539

27,317

947
295,680
133,963
108,225
760,000
289,476
8,328
31,863
40,195
34,186

795
23,654
2,588

-2,420
-10,871
-7,423

-11
1,129
2,534
3,734
727

2,087
-286
-65,560

97
3,343
25,639
6,235
2,958
2,048
6,987
917
6,336
3,215

11,314
1,159

628
3,290

22,863
4,459
12,271
9,885
3,826
1,009
9,926
10,225
1,687
2,174
2,171
4,338
9,085
303
2,713
1,353
7,643
8,309
12,391
1,869
5,271
8,473
10,701
3,272
37.079
4,712
5,524
2,940
4,125

16,432
32,351
8.287
24,583

24,590
36,153
3,598
25,148
4,187
5,370
5,457
13,195
10,475

28,942
3,084
4,235

-1,036

-847
-26,326
-1,023
-4,386
-2,128
-49,791
-3,789
-12,814
-9,718
-14,824
-498
-232
-2,579
-20,573
-3,485
-6,433
-20,317
-2,779
-386
-14,104
-18,452
-16,928
-3,333
-6,618
-17,231
-16,476
-289
-1,947
-2,765
-12,447
-3,542
-8,386
-2,570
-9,959
-8,704
-12,231
-2,359
-60,672
-3,218
-8,577
-5,731
-6,807
-33,584
-41,187
-11,099
-81,012
-30,924
-11,712
-4,718
-19,456
-10,575
-28,638
-189
-1,868
4,425
-12,723

-990

301
403
64
66757
29
26,922
3,384

-626
-3,662

"33,580
68
32
3,904
7,691
5,847
826

93,292
35,458

Imports of goods and
services

95

4,748
23,718

Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction .
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Appare!
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes ....
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals .
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
„
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
;:...
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places '.
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software .
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
,
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparabie imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of the wodd adjustment to final uses
Household -ndLStry
,
inventory valuation adjustment
Total i^ermed'dle inputs
,
Value ^aded
Total industry na\pu\
...,

•Less than $500.^0.

Gross
private
fixed
investment

92

Personal consumption
expenditures

-449
-1,608
-2,124
-1,246

19,221

417

898
5,951
21
524
274

-2
-402
-8
-426

972

-83,923
12,284

6,171

-111,687
-4,608

"84'673

-46,563

-47

814,763

.-503,728

690
5,237,500

1,212,697

29994

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000 •

65

by Industries, 1996—Continued
at producers' prices]
State and local government consumption expenditures and
gross investment

Federal Government consumption expenditures and gross investment
National defense:
Consumption
expenditures

Total

National defense:
Gross
investment

1
-203
-571
36
-298
29
-418
-2
18,030
11,940
13,501
78
55
33
441
195
27
116
621
103
100
1,025
3,405
21
12
788
118
6
3,059
652
39
130
79
252
349
19
768
226
672
462
494
56
84
328
354
635
3,600
144
814
43
431
9,294
1,122
1,373
1,155
435
30,974
8,089
17,170
1,438
48
716
4,032
1,786
3,173
14
4,861

97I

6,700
•••5,343

71
53
5
251
1,851

551
50
95
774
1,554
17
6
178
57
6
345
148
4
123
63

6
611
61
2,715
461
35
7
15
243
164
19
263
156
265
112
12
8
2
154
235
251
78
349
22
313
3,614
823
342
4
152
20,228
1,555
5,140
908
15
436
3,107
1,682
2,100
31
1,969

2,433
533
953
4,962
2
1,358
2,228

1,646
295
528
1,798

5,440
726
91
27,632
5,087
17,632
83
1,359
350
992
1,641
7,983
1,338
201
10,765
552
289,390
-704

637
618
79
6,594
4,683
12,084
75
323
282
976
16
307
1,446
140
8,224
654
195,535

252
101
455
49
35
39
163
289
1,061
11
140
17
3,034
772
688
114
9,223
6,412
8,762
467
61
13
165
104
158

232
70
133
2
10
3
40
278
11
29
876
53
219
1
117
154
298
191
15
55
950
76
1,809
57
-32
263
725

11
3
23
247
18
4
1
10
26
82
1,412
1
107

2,492

447
113
572
45
1,459
6
5
35
52

-16
2,892

1,872

2
3

8,001

3
2

787
238
425
617
2
1,358
2,206
4,804
108
13
2,605
404
5,549
8
1,037
68
17
1,625
7,677
-108
61
2,541
121
93,855
-704

52

66
7

10,432

-254

70
119,154
40,011
147
10,878
-31
287
86
1,692
589
206
3,337
4,196
279
761
7,917
4,817
669
2
6,391
974
510
14,088
2,690
237
502
216
263
100
9
18
152
1,970
432
2,159
17
466
282
655
445
4,848
1,742
734
261
899
1,410
292
426
7,957
2,347
80
1,182
5,925
3,587
2,725
5,743
3,266
535
4,464
280
11,297

56
3,192
2,336
2,049
5,655
2,830
535
4,357
280
11,297

20,525
4,788
395
16,838

20,525
4,788
395
12,252

14,345
706

4
3

2
4

65
142

298
1,216
-713
2,382

52

44
2
440
141
12

14,345
706

13,794
654
3,689
17,512
5,402
20,967
2,053
-3,924
5,250
-2,906
-92,247
-83,107
3,618
919

13,794
654
3,689
8,409
5,402
20,967
2,053
-3,924
5,250
-2,906
-92,247
-33,107
3,618
919

2,866
597,352

724
597,352

7
0
119,154
40,011
147
10,878
-31
287
63
1,692
589
206
5
4,196
279
761
7,917
4,817
669
2
6,391
974
510
14,088
2,690
237
502
216
263
100
9
18
152
1,246
301
108
208
111
200
250
1,026
930
109
31
845
98
292
256
2,333

2
3

3,333

724
131
2,051
17
258
171
455
196
3,823
812
625
230
53
1,312
171
7,957
14
80
1,127
2,733
1,251
676
89
436
1
108

4,586

9,102

2,142

2,152
44,039
-2,115
3,336
3,791
2,643
-61,837
303
588,499
17,612
286,357
37,115
-10
9,380
52,075
11,910
6,028
45,897
17,869
1,554
17,170
29,851
15,744
2,472
5,968
55,210
37,699
1,926
74,819
15,146
4,679
1,097
-572
-11,036
-6,343
83
7,367
817
7,793
9,740
40,126
8,454
24,595
26,305
15,842
3,237
52,403
15,733
7,382
16,602
1,331
61,474
-7,374
8,464
198,018
12,474
69,362
33,459
85,690
13,504
32,707
37,213
56,429
23,405
72,425
7,723
150,141
3,033
115,561
41,192
27,776
382,782
635,250
306,405
174,970
561,548
280,675
86,158
153,698
88,937
2,663
293,532
140,461
111,860
669,407
264,451
13,558
32,983
-60,727
-6,425
886,742
12,284

96,065
137,455
14,536
39,638
12,839
22,908
112,299
14,400
588,735
278,930
18,302
464,948
39,782
40,813
21,050
71,155
24,968
111,795
54,527
39,233
22,485
95,247
134,434
22,556
63,071
77,890
48,232
17,627
173,581
147,440
9,007
21,609
58,228
97,252
83,073
13,298
65,017
46,842
75,433
23,890
46,356
12,414
37,404
33,514
39,519
38,101
93,717
36,571
38,562
20,425
23,424
77,999
129,439
26,005
200,277
121,203
90,630
37,543
118,833
23,783
47,510
76,283
199,889
36,820
124,344
35,761
287,528
4,487
226,065
110,677
62,256
769,833
687,371
555,217
304,295
561,548
693,960
72,325
115,200
254,081
312,734
478,767
175,210
337,370
236,460
175,505
684,210
291,848
67,101
39,431
2,457
886,742
12,284

7,813,175
531,581




302,352

54,650

142,887

31,692

890,363

Commodity
number

98I+99I

298
1,216
-713
2,382

"'7,973

Total
commodity
output

investment

98C+99C

11,330
518
-62

Consumption
expenditures

Total

-203
-569
13
1
28
-418
4

-2
23
-599
1

8,331
5,668
140

GDP

Nondefense:
Gross
investment

97C

96C

Nondefense:
Consumption
expenditures

726,525

163,838

13,789,458

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
I
VA
T

66 • January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 3.—Commodity-by-lndustry
[Direct requirements per dollar

Commodity
number

For the composition of inputs to an industry, read the column for that industry

Livestock
and
livestock
products

Other
agricultural
products

Forestry

and
fishery
products

Agricultural,
forestry,
and
fishery
services

5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48

49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61

62
63
64
65A
65B

65C
65D
65E
66
67

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
' and fishery products
ral, forestry, and fishery services
ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction .
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery ana equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation .
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting

Electric services (utilities)
G a s production and distribution (utilities)
68C Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
70A Finance
70B Insurance
71A Owner-occupied dwellings
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78

79
80
81
82
83
84
85
I
VA
T

Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software .
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total intermediate inputs
Value added
...
Total 1

*Less than .000005.
1. Detail may not add to 1 because of rounding.




Coal
mining

Crude
petroleum
and
natural
gas

5+6

Industry number

1
2
3
4

Metallic
ores
mining

.10938
.31141

.00008
.02901

.04880

.06824

.00008

""61663

.03309
.24969

.00241

""oi'iS

.01220

.02341
.11036
.00186
.00546

Nonmetallic
minerals
mining

9+10

Maintenance
New
and repair
construction,
construction,
including
including
own-account
own-account
construction
construction

11

Ordnance
and

ories

Food and
kindred
products

12
.17312

.00213

.00001
.00195
.11938
.00098

".'16021

.00007

.00063

.00032

.02780

"""00891

""62256

"'.66352

"04672

"66663

.00052

.00216

".'66321

""66364

.00115

.00610
.00034

""60666

.00037

.00594
.02718

.00460

""00241

.00091

'"."00282
.21450

""21347

.03270
"02504

"66747

.00188

.00460

'.66673

"66i89

.00054
.00220
.00008
.00010
.00006
.00096
.00283

.00221
.00651
.00007
.00006
.00051
.07262

.00122
.00178

""66648

.00216
•".66613

""661I8
.00031
.00346

.00024
.00436
.00018
.00015
.00017
.08210

.00308

.00039
.00036

.00018
.00026
.00005
.00002
.01392
.00007

.00001
.00002
.00002

.00065
.00016
.00113
.00004
.01960

.02278
.00075

.00024
.00278

.00025
.00258

.00004
.00001
.00504
.00014

.03302
.00982

'"61232

.00024
.00163
.00010
.00620
.00115
.00241

.00258
.05632
.00755
.00721

.00062
.03125
.00661
.00724

.00090
.01042
.01405

.05309
.00060
.01964

.04423
.00039
.01635

.00224
.00338
.00075

.00324
.02675

.00659
.00366
.00065

.00205
.0120

.00852
.00132
.00019
.00312
.02529
.00545

.00340
.00611
.00310
.00505
.05043
.00650
.00024

.00040
.00429
.00020
.00236
.00041
.00016

.00461
.00073
.00073
.00331
.03091
.01313
.00025

.00016

""66354

.00358
.00242

.01076
.00631

.00090
.00171

.00717
.00122

.00707
.00055

.00183
.00007
.00049
.00001
.00272
.00002

.00018
.00291

.00003
.00071

.00016
.00407

.00075

.00198

.00008

.01253
.00596
.00190
.01635
.00410

.01211
.00420
.00227
.01444
.00316

.00103
.00124
.00211

.00192

•"66687
.00003
.00004
.00006
.00048

.00139

.00265

'".00041

""66646

.00036
.00062

.00058
.00116

.00009
.00011

.00018

.00020
.00022

.00008

.00011

"'.'66646 ".'66636

.00013

.00072

.00247

.00466

.00056

"".66114

"•.66305
.00146

.00037
.01413
.02516
.00040
.00037
.00117
.00269

.00041
.00242
.00986
.00045
.00086
.00021
.00208

.01762

.00603
.00262
.00508
.04786

.00139
.06424

.00156
.00278
.02460
.00329
.00007
.00110

.00109

.00030

.00038

"66i45 ""66144

"".66*166

.00053
.00026
.00009
.00188
.00890
.00023
.01337
.00006
.00444

.00010
.00018
.00012
.00588
.01476
.00066
.00290
.00023
.00247

.00009

.00102

.00248

.00178

* *".b6i15

"66i26

.00037
.00298

.00031
.00331
.00013
.00329
.00169
.01548
.00030
.00145
.00003
.00405

.00032
.00260
.00011
.00304
.0020
.01570
.00036
.00136
.00003
.00430
.00129

"".66637 '"66377

.00008
.00017
.00013
.03479
.01552
.00211
.00394
.00024
.00165

.00001
.00011
.00002
.00139
.00240
.00020
.00204
.00007
.00178

.02307
.00153
.00015
.04108

.04131
.01856
.00064
.04268
.00405
.00868
.00413

.00128
.00023
.00111
.04141
.04069
.0060
.00677

.00028
.01944
.00053

.00752
.00053

.00113
.00310
.00002

.00141
.00259
.00621
.00633

.00012
.00032
.00058
.00052

.00875

.00013
.00025
.00021

.01130
.04681
.00030
.00005
.06453
.05489
.00019

'"66665"
"66652

.00122
.00568
.00003
.0050
.00006
.00307

.00002
.00002
.00006
.00634
.01719
.00037
.00345
.00005
.00151

.00121
.04065
.04741
.00513
.00385

.00678
.00140
.00073
.02469
.00023
.00601
.00219

.00710
.00404
.00138
.06527
.00186
.00642
.00260

.00028
.00601
.00329

.03156
.00185
.00697
.00394

.00810
.00323

.01190
.04520
.00076
.00903
.00194
.00484
.00174
.17574
.00208
.00010
.00062
.01489
.00414
.00108
.00206
.00103
.00038

.01251
.00256
.00016
.00206
.00985
.01040
.00288
.00301
.00198
.00009

.00514
.00080
.00046
.00082
.06793
.03052
.00067
.00082
.00499
.00014

.00484
.00080
.00057
.00095
.03145
.03206
.00068
.00081
.00616
.00017

.00770
.00262
.00079
.00696
.00413
.01650
.00422
.00286
.00208
.00033

.00379
.00244
.00120
.00193
.00268
.01204
.02541
.00253
.00425
.00063

.00085

.00081
.00047

.00002
.00701

.00006
.00098
.00003

.00004
.00106
.00003

.00162

.00069
.00015
.00015
.00040

.00066
.00039
.00066
.00161

.00001

.00001

.55920
.44080
1.00000

.50315
.49685
1.00000

.41350
.58650
1.00000

.71189
.28811
1.00000

.06139
.00735

.05060
.00028
.00033
.00005
.00075
.00576
.00013
.00008
.00127

.00028
.00063
.00003
.00066
.01052
.00018
.00010
.00257

.00111
.00249
.00058
.00051
.02502
.01731
.00056
.00252
.00596
.00020

.00781
.00155
.00197
.00008
.01399
.01218
.00370
.00159
.00939
.00741

.00795
.00258
.00044
.00092
.01388
.01427
.00044
.00301
.00255
.00009

.00341
.00038
.00049
.01752
.01082
.00061
.00338
.00178
.00058

.00055
.00008
.00032
.00040

.00444
.00052
.00008

.00066
.00098
.00061

.00276
.00078
.00036
.00889

.00432
.00004
.00014
.00167

.00006

.43740
.56260
1.00000

.00790
.00005

.00161
.00006

.00747

.94972
.05028
1.00000

66283
.02028

.00067
.00022
.00174
.01905
.00239
.00744
.00487

.00503
.00446

.02023
.00068
.00010
.00021

.01309
.01965
.00001
.0020
.00486

.02036

.00016
.00018
.00036
.00301

.00015
.00024

.00246
.00114
.00026
.00192
.01177

.02661
.01344

.00034

.00217

.00041
.00875
.01982
.02157

.02167
.00654

.00008

.00006

.00028
.00812
.01149
.01856

.00202

.00033
.00016

.00105
.00050

.00081
.06832
.00002
.00256
.00057

n

.00003
.00021
.00592
.00114

"'"i60iT

.00025

"66661

.00012

.00204

.00067
.04849
.00264
.00386
.00057

.00001

.00447

.00099
.02304
.00548

""6u063

.00063

.00246

.00160
.00323

.00910
.00510
.00052
.00007

.00040
.00060

.00374

.00176
.00201

.00336
.00073

.00895

.54875
.45125
1.00000

.39259
.60741
1.00000

.51277
.48723
1.00000

.48640
.51360
1.00000

.57569
.42431
1.00000

.39178
.60823
1.00000

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

6j

Direct Requirements, 1996
of industry output, at producers' prices]

Tobacco
products

1
5

Broad and
narrow
Miscellaneous
fabrics,
textile goods
yarn and
and floor
thread
coverings
mills
16
.01202
09993

17
.00459
00342

Apparel

Miscellaneous
fabricated
textile
products

Lumber
and wood
products

Furniture
and
fixtures

18

1
9

20+21

22+23

.00014

.00026

.00035

.00046
00122
.00289
.00021

.00056

.00043

.00062

.00023

08303

Paper
Other
and allied Paperboard
Newsproducts, containers papers and printing
and
except
and boxes periodicals publishing
containers
24

25

26A

26B

.00511

.01096

27B

Drugs

Cleaning
and toilet
preparations

28

29A

29B

Paints and Comallied
modity
products number
30

.00046

.00027

.00012

.00003

.00020

.00254

.00007
.00029

.00055

.00050

.00369

.00312

.00142

.00452

.01225
.00671

.04563
.02849
.00007
.00034
.08544
.00482
.00226
.01438
.00004
.00020
.00145

.00116
.00695
.00004
.00002
.06751

.00503

.00587

.00525

.00553
.00041
.00046
.00977
.00128
O3943
.00822

.00082
.00042
.00093
.00112
07292
.04180

.00002
.00038

.00264
.00051
.00058

.00083
00633

.00022

.00019

.00081
.00033
.00135
.00010

.00001

.00032

.00026

.01013

.00826

.01069

.00839

.00626

.00397

.00383

.00032

.00018
.00058

.00149

.00467

27A

Plastics
and
synthetic
materials

.00118
00010
.08038
.00032

.00343
.00285

Industrial Agricultural
and other fertilizers
and
chemicals chemicals

.01747

.00136

.00446

.01250

.01038

.00021
.00002
00004

.00016

.00034

.00003
.00002

.00011
.00009

.00187
.01281
.00009
.00626
.02328

.0030
.04037
.00003
.00362
.10013

.00042

.06704
.00015

.19101
.00104
00072

.00007
.00004

.22944
.00034
.21995
03184
.00002

.26135
.06361
.02373
02422
.00186

.00175
.00237
00005
.00004
.02195

.00123
.00117

.00072
.00067

.00033
.00007

.00058
.00672
.02037

.16315
.02441
.00011

.00324
.01434

.00064
.00083

.00551
.00012

.00004
.01821

.00909

.16654

.24852

.01267

.00202

.00091

.00478

.00463

.00144
.00735

.00288
.00418

.00393
.00953

.00214
.00634
00490

00017

.00826
00002

.00035
00003
.00015
00011
.00023
.00047

.00004
.00285
00008
.00042

.00039
.00193

.00004

.00048

.00026
.01288

.00004

.00192

.00145

.00287

.15059
.01269
.00006
.00157
.04326
.00026
.02531

.00009

00063
.00040

.00001
.00001
.00035

.00140

.00024

.00008

.42868
.00330
.00060
.00013
.02096

.08874
.00025
.02104
.06987
.00814

.14298
.00419
.00118
.10212
.02012

.00417

.00007

.00296
.00458
.00007
.00013
.24744
.00896
.00775

.00125

.00002

.00008
.00166
.00570
.00841
.00002
.00254
.00559
.00058
.00028

.00063
.00860
.00445
.04248
.00110
.00349
.00254
.03712
.01025

.00404
.00009
.00513
.03421

.00365
.00822
.00431

.00001
.00166
.00033
.00001

.00003
.00174
.01249
.00001

00053
.00037
.0010

.00659
.00195

.00002

.00002
.00027
.00037

.00091
00102
.00298
.00008
.00487

.01204
.05716

.00004
.00331

.00049
.00652

.00040
00002

.00024

.00004
.00646

00023
.00068
.00088
.00104
.00175

.00085
.00094
.00206
.00237

.00058
.00285
.00034
.00252

.00076
.00428

.00007
.00041

.00029
.00394

.00123
.00003
00235
.00181

.00072

.00009

.00036
.00141

.00004
.00003
.31897
.00133
.00055
.00231
.00012
.00013
.00401
.00166
.00380

00776
.00376
.01054

.00224
.01891
02424

.00015

.00126

;66i54

.00005
.00019

.00009
.00021

.00014

.00020

.00217

.00037
.00043
.00003

.00102
.00041
.00001
.00001

.00005
.00002

.00003
.00005

.00109
.00532
.01663
.01115

.00223
.00406
.00388
.10287
.11750
.00378

.01329
.00393
.00004
.00002
.34117
.00488
.02995

.00015
.00007
.00047
.19264
.12919

!iO927
.00072

.boon

.00979
.00806

.00575
.00034
.00365
.04250

.00074
.00131
.00004

.00013
.00015
.00002

.00335
.00020

.00457
.00013
.00003

.00369

.00007

.00111

.01042

.01631
.01092
.00008
.00021
.01216
.00037
.00007
.03054

.00225

.00033

.00103
.00065

.00145
.00263

.00015
.00015

.00006

.00053
00032
.00054
.00184

.00005

.00021

.00007

.00052
.00057

.00073
.00048

.00011
.00112

.60026

.00046
.00095

.00005

.00002
.00010

.00004
.00011

.00022
.00055

.00005

.00009

.00007

.00019

.00047

.00039
.00677
.00004
.00410

!(J0127
.02365

.05843
.00033
.01452
.07060

.00004

.00001

.00007

.00005

.00014

.00003

.00006

.00004

.00026

.00010

.00002

.00004

.00016

.00019

.00017

.00373

.00041

.00017

.00026

.00070

.00030

.00011

.00023

.00002

.00002

.00006

.00016

.00003
.01081
.00135
.01102
.00004
.00515
.00005
.00219

.00005
.00111
.00117
.01192
.00009
.00403
.00002
.00244

.00022
.00013
.00023
.00352
.01512
.00021
.00381
.00005
.00337

.00021
.00009
.00003
.01060
.03036
.00071
.00340
.00007
.00230

.00019
.00005
.00002
.01126
.03925
.00019
.00427
.00011
.00275

.00032
.00228
.00028
.00295
.00903
.00002
.00319
.00006
.00605

.00103
.00615
.00101
.00402
.01620
.00009
.00372
.00004
.00390

00096
.00017
.00002
.00868
.02281
.00098
.00310
.00116
.00211

.00043
.00005

100420
.01104
.00017
.00299
.00003
.00133

.00005
.00004
.00609
.01908
.00062
.00345
.00004
.0030

.00003
.00001
.00011
.00066
.00640
.02283
.00046
.00261
.00008
.00172

.05412
.00092
.00260
.00011
.00194

00008
.00007
.00001
.00756
.01910
.00085
.00303
.00026
.00446

.00023
.00016
.00043
.00208
.00414
.00011
.00427
.00004
.00429

.00016
.00013
.00016
.00578
.01243
.00058
.00368
.00016
.00354

00029
.00006
.00005
.01686
.02504
.00113
.00292
.00010
.00265

.00209
.00043
.00016
.02566
.00331
.00784
.00282

.02234
.00428
.00113
.04735
.00070
.0050
.00214

.01279
.00566
.00227
.04575
.00040
.00665
.00262

.00917
.00357
.00053
.04876
.00025
.00688
.00251

.00718
.00345
.00112
.04915
.00036
.00687
.00246

.00955
.00170
.00127
.07070
.00078
.00571
.00230

.00728
.00227
.00086
.07461
.00170
.00746
.00257

.02101
.01101
.00543
.05112
.00138
.00629
.00253

.00804
.00229
.00090
.05595
.00034
.00584
.00228

.00412
.00092
.00029
.02534
.00069
.00654
.00241

.00651
.00202
.00066
.03810
.00041
.00627
.00238

.01962
.01959
.00793
.05950
.00060
.00684
.00255

.01294
.03179
.00564
.05184
.00072
.00896
.00243

.01832
.01142
.00541
.05078
.00062
.00727
.00229

.00753
.00247
.00209
.07151
.00072
.00905
.00242

.00490
.00234
.00202
.05982
.00312
.00820
.00258

.0050
.00165
.00369
.05326
.00020
.00770
.00230

.00433
.00347
.00122
.00231
.01050
.01067
.09427
.00348
.00396
.00165

.00281
.00227
.00567
.00265
.00252
.01279
.00248
.00267
.00460
.00010

.00459
.00297
.00433
.00368
.00407
.01348
.00996
.00317
.00525
.00019

.01161
.0030
.00168
.00145
.00268
.06199
.01138
.00353
.00259
.00056

.01456
.00287
.00053
.00138
.00405
.01141
.00488
.00344
.00230
.00011

.00592
.00240
.00133
.00207
.00290
.01202
.00348
.00276
.00407
.00028

.01002
.00276
.00077
.00175
.00768
.01806
.01038
.00334
.00277
.00018

.00354
.00266
.00286
.00449
.00210
.01574
.00590
.00279
.00696
.00041

.00465
.00257
.00172
.00279
.00176
.01329
.00150
.00269
.00464
.00032

.03166
.00260
.00077
.00443
.01214
.04358
.02442
.00262
.00385
.00077

.02428
.00269
.00113
.00326
.00380
.01835
.00993
.00280
.00478
.00048

.00683
.00268
.00235
.00379
.02236
.01722
.00634
.00279
.00558
.00041

.00447
.00266
.00266
.00460
.01140
.02242
.01235
.00262
.00638
.00022

.00379
.00267
.00277
.00472
.02643
.01467
.00543
.00279
.00639
.00049

.00906
.00375
.00101
.00268
.02939
.03090
.07083
.00429
.00319
.00111

.00901
.00310
.0010
.00224
.01538
.02090
.06855
.00320
.00317
.00126

.00353
.00282
.00067
.00144
.01038
.00923
.01283
.00286
.00258
.00074

.00137
.00159
.00043
.00066

.00059
.00046
.00028
.00097

.00063
.00108
.00045
.00068
.00220

.00073
.00090
.00042
.00050

.00684
.00129
.00039
.00009

.00229
.00050
.00036
.00011

.00186
.00123
.00051
.00081
.00014

.00132
.00050
.00123
.00123
.00686

.00061
.00047
.00019
.00046

.00103
.00663
.00025
.00154

.00163
.00216
.00034
.00205

.00096
.00053
.00065
.00999

.00173
.00019
.00046
.00188
.00021

.00328
.00025
.00038
00517

.00723
.00039
.00022
03717

.00287
.00105
.00036
0120

.00074
.00047
.00008
.00530

.39487
.60513
1.00000

.66054
.33946
1.00000

.68293
.31707
1.00000

.73377
.26623
1.00000

.60250
.39750
1.00000

.64649
.35351
1.00000

.56551
.43449
1.00000

.59583
.40417
1.00000

.67569
.32431
1.00000

.40035
.59965
1.00000

.46890
.53110
1.00000

.65386
.34614
1.00000

.66688
.33312
1.00000

.68029
.31970
1.00000

.51694
.48306
1.00000

.58807
.41193
1.00000

.58792
.41208
1.00000

00008
.00004
.00014
.00138
.00538
.00006
.00326
.00006
.00198

.00006




!di264

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
4
1
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
55
56
57
58
CQA
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
I
VA
T

68

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 3.—Commodity-by-lndustry
[Direct requirements per dollar

Commodity
number

For the composition of inputs to an industry, read the column for that industry

Industry number
1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85

I
VA
T

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
OOBI minino
,
.....*
* »•
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction .
OrdnsncQ sno CLCCOSSOHGS .•

*




31

32

.00001
.00001
.00016
.00016
.00003
.55195
.00253

"".00011

.00779

33+34

Primary
nonferrous
metals
manufacturing

35

36

37

38

.00004
.00057
.00031
.00420

.00045
.02604
.01269

.00025
.00045
.03647
.00019

Metal
containers

.01006
.00041

.00014

.00010

""00017

.00063
.00097
.00401
.01001

.05524

.00261

.00676

"66875

•"66725

""66788

"00561

""00084

.00014

""16557

.02508
.01976
.00045

"66308

.00002
.00065
.00087
.00002
.00004
.01503

.00832
.01196
.00007
.00023
.04491
.17645

.00116

.00290

.00065
.00052
.00253
.05713

•"66333

41

42

.00020

.00040

.00843
.00890
.00007
.00010
.00171

40

.00025

""00725

Screw
plumbing, and machine Other fabrifabricated
products cated metal
structural
products
and
metal products stampings

*'!d6666

.00031
.00055
.00003

""66665

.00038
.00042
.00004

.00562

.00359

.01057

"".60589

.00068

.00052

.00122

.00059
.00395
.00005
.00007
.00954

.00165
.00562
.00003
.00009
.00460

.00403
.00552
.00003
.00003
.01032

.00077

.00245

.00523

.00005
.00473
.00255
.01019
.00002
.00413
.00120
.16912

.00013
.00233
.00183
.00428

.00022
.00729
.00301
.02640

.00077
.00158
.23037
.05003
.00007

.00087
.00191
.11635
.05552
.00008
.00120
.02136
.06562
.00078

.00019

.00002

•

Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
'.'.
'.
',
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
,
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software ,
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total intermediate inputs
Value 1added
Total

*Less than .000005.
1. Detail may not add to 1 because of rounding.

Petroleum Rubber and Footwear,
Primary
refining
miscelleather, Glass and Stone and iron ana
steel
and
laneous
and
glass
clay
manurelated
plastics
products products
facturing
products
products
products

.00005
.00004
.01218

.00015
.00458

.00207

.00296

.00564
.00317

.00222
.03667

.00009
.03877

.00007
.03602

.01071
.00326
.00004
.00011
.02105

.00032
.00019
.00002
.00095
.01147

.00064
.00090
.00002
.00004
.00359

.00204
.00128
.00930
.00732

""66646

.09703
.01204
.00117

.00251
.10804
.00917
.00150

.00041
.00276
.00605
.00021

.00025
.00557

.00111

.00050
.00133
.00675

.00018
.00005

.00488
.00136

.00234

.00001
.00073

.00005
.00186
.00415
.00023
.00695

.00001
.00001

""66685
.00179
.00013

.00129
.00482
.00065

.00453
.02957
.26788

.00078

"".66681

.00041
.00307
.00444
.00865

.01529

.00515
.00172
.00083
.00564
.02255

.09563
.00336

.00017

.00005

.00003
.00030
.00516
.00180
.01410
.18108
.01797
.00003
.00007
.00384
.01847
.00036

.00012
.00380
.00943

.02875
.00239
.00155

.00640
.00229
.01062
.31569

.00059
.18186
.36282

.00046
.00789

.00042
.01587

.03661
.01295
.03226

.01481
.02032

.00623

.00617

.00018
.01053
.00120
.00620
.00454

.00139

.00085
.00278

.00025
.00821
.00035
.01768
.00643

.00416

.00226
.00532

.02421
.00006
.00197
.02395

.00006
.00035

.00013
.00306

.00008
.00023

.00001
.00903

.00328

•"66668

.00021
.00160

.00072

.00002
.00562

.00005

.00056

.00034

.00048

.00003

"66bi8

.00006

".'66623

.00011

""66616"

.00014
.00004
.00355
.01405
.00018
.00317
.00004
.00213

.00005
.00009
.00002
.00256
.01246
.00020
.00323
.00003
.00329

.00014

.00179

.00001

.00030
.00018

".66669

.00011

.00017
.00004
.00003
.00235
.00511
.00172
.00061
.02650
.00119

.00010
.00013
.00015
.00581
.02857
.00058
.00325
.00005
.00285

.00072
.00154
.01553
.00005
.00492
.00005
.00259

.00052
.00012
.00005
.01281
.01462
.00094
.00307
.00006
.00326

.00883
.01332
.00296
.04072
.00018
.00746
.00140

.01707
.00364
.00147
.04285
.00121
.00738
.00247

.00653
.00336
.01055
.05240
.00063
.00588
.00284

.00904
.00085
.00172
.00267
.00609
.00915
.00346
.00138
.00353
.00022

.00924
.00278
.00190
.00359
.00609
.01562
.00556
.00306
.00491
.00041

.00118
.00027
.00010
.00275

.84445
.15555
1.00000

.00029

'".66669
.00006

.00002

.00409
.00031
.00920

.00009

"'.'66696 ""66618

.00016

.00009

.00037
.00008
.00074
.01074
.06122
.00277
.00265
.00011
.00310

.00127
.00010
.00003
.01499
.02786
.00132
.00354
.00006
.00190

.00008
.00006
.00002
.00801

.00008

"66419

.00048
.00359
.00004
.00183

.01984
.00022
.00305
.00009
.00177

.00209
.00014
.00015
.00305
.01442
.00011
.0030
.00003
.00283

.02533
.01624
.00259
.04688
.00265
.00670
.00260

.02064
.01640
.00210
.03651
.00121
.00604
.00282

.03043
.01691
.00728
.09192
.00032
.00681
.00260

.02479
.00599
.00251
.00019
.00576
.00228

.01163
.00458
.00143
.08322
.00047
.00675
.00236

.00657
.00307
.00084
.06290
.00069
.00597
.00215

.01105
.00356
.01261
.06324
.00062
.00756
.00242

.01158
.00504
.00196
.05685
.00075
.00641
.00230

.00581
.00258
.00097
.00474
.00248
.01034
.02108
.00338
.00274
.00013

.00618
.00289
.00279
.00470
.00370
.01741
.00451
.00339
.00672
.00018

.00684
.00255
.00273
.00416
.00455
.01738
.00537
.00277
.00642
.00023

.00363
.00268
.00417
.00683
.00376
.02065
.00412
.00292
.00902
.00035

.00476
.00257
.00201
.00312
.00248
.01294
.00179
.00284
.00479
.00025

.00468
.00310
.00217
.00311
.00333
.01253
.00269
.00324
.00542
.00069

.00262
.00085
.00217
.00393
.02254
.00492
.00308
.00286
.00016

.00763
.00271
.00227
.00406
.00796
.0210
.00742
.00323
.00499
.00045

.00787
.00271
.00158
.00352
.00573
.01719
.00837
.00316
.00452
.00016

.00404
.00056
.00025
.00225

.00042
.00154
.00102
.00034

.00068
.00076
.00024
.0020
.00410

.00081
.00053
.00034
.00268

.00076
.00067
.00043
.00136
.03950

.00107
.00044
.00034
.00231
.03943

.00190
.00008
.00031
.00023

.00115
.00062
.00032
.00158
.00164

.00290
.00024
.00110

.00102
.00064
.00042
.00109
.00053

.55576
.44424
1.00000

.68545
.31455
1.00000

.46872
.53128
1.00000

.49878
.50122
1.00000

.65824
.34176
1.00000

.70613 .89442
.29387 .10558
1.00000 1.00000

.55608
.44392
1.00000

.59450
.40550
1.00000

.51861
.48139
1.00000

.00039

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

69

Direct Requirements, 1996—Continued
of industry output, at producers' prices]

turbines
43

Farm,
MiscelMetalSpecial
General
Electrical
Materials
Audio,
Plartrip
construc- handling
working
industry industrial
laneous Computer Service
industrial WAI icehnlrl Knhiinn video, and
tion, and machinery machinery machinery machinery machinery, and office industry equipment appliances and wiring communimining
and
and
except
equipment machinery
and
and
and
cation
machinery equipment equipment equipment equipment electrical
apparatus
equipment
44+45

46

47

48

49

50

5
1

52

53

54

55

56

ad
n
57

MiscelMotor
Truck and
laneous
vehicles bus bodies, Com(passenger trailers, and modity
electrical
machinery
cars and motor vehi- number
and supplies
trucks)
cles parts
58

59A

59B

.00001
.00030

.00691

.00531

.00439

.00038

.00056

.6665'i

.00005

.00006

.00034
00003
.00001

.00030

.00004

.00006

.00068
00109
.00003

.00002

.00628

.00574

.00504

.00665

.00772

.00695

.00562

00010

.00634
00003

.00163

00010

.00045
00028
.00007

.00037
00018
.00003
.00068

.66653
.66665

00327

00349

00123

00022

.00052

.00041

.00033
00047

.00112

.66661

.00017
.00009

.00036
00261
.00020

.00649

.00343

.00784

00017
00180
00060
.00082
.00430
00005
.00028
.00416

.00097
00038

.00002
.00159
.00563

.00001
.00520

.00746

.01770

00012
00041
00231

00213

.00732
.00069
.00005
.00008
.00123

.00026
.00766

.00577
.01330
.00009
.00004
.00209

00004
01043
.00377
.00219
.00009
.00025
.00017

00011
.00219
.00160
00015
.00008
.01355

00004
.00196
.01253
00018
.00008
.00736

00087
.00690
00003
02798
00003
02342
.00022
.00010
00003
.00010
.00457

.00004

.00002

00003
00233

00001
.00093

00059
00003
.01360
.01013

00008

00071

.00009
.00008

.00025
.00024
.00003
.00013
.00070

.00042
.00011
.00008
.00043

.00059
.00229
.00003
.00014
.00511

.00007
.00007

.00030
.00174
.00011
.00013
.00019

.00051
.00343
.00015
.00012

.00413
.00348
.00003
.00003
.00220

.00490
.00286
.00007
.00006
.00155

.00048

.00035
.00038

.00034

.00027

.00405

.00295

.02660

.02359

.00283

.00264

.01394

.00005

.00579

66635

00086
.00823
.00349
.09159

00124
.00040
.00301
.03225

00030
.00029
.00078
.02197

00015

.00312
.00153
.02680

.00061
.00249
.00560
.02862

00009

.00030
.00201
.00447

.00009
.00043
.00073
.01608

.00103
.01519

.00181
.07290

00004
.01042
.00108
.06327
00001
00934
.00125
.00173
.00030

00005
00537
.00187
.02657
00001
00066
.00330
.08609
.07838

.08684
.01684
01420

01271
.04443
.01435
00295

00006
.00118

00008
.00270

.00035
.00503
00002
.01420
.00003

.01679
.04511
00004
00261
.00011
.00079

.00395
.00303

OQA

.00134
.00135
.01288

.00355
.00186
.04075

.00157
.00328
.01880

.00197
.00248
.00899

.00202
.01727

.00048
.00268
.02482

.00419
.13520
.03045

.00027
.00109
.10390
.00856

.00085
.11018
.02377

.00796
.07456
.02218

00052
.00167
.05844
.04209

.00228
.07236
.02716

.0030
.07033
.06039

.00014
.00129
.01021

.00010
.00423
.05388
.06254

.02959
.04740
.05542

00165
.00527
.07044
.04814

.02415
.00778
.03691
.05736

.00004
.00018
.00488
.01345

00758
.00074
.00516
.02562

00072
.01984
.05390

.01732
.03254
.02518
00970

00974
.00898
.01172

.01428
.00912
.02737
00401

.01222
.00972
.01308
00536

.00374
.00953
.01533
00108

.00732
.00818
.00270

.00721
.03220
.01977
00129

.00508
.01996
.00592
01020

.03167
.01876

.03065
.01960

.00658
.01161
.00648

00341
.00962
.03234

.00414
.01125
.01961

.00337

.04073
.01418
.01721
05322
01920
00033
.00353

02140
.00393

.04830

00021
.00530

.01211

.00056

.00489

.00243

.00209

.00295

.00086

.00242

.02909
.03011

.06874
.03297

.00956
.03359

.07688
.03638

.01188
.06230

.00027
.00189
16334

.01816
.02584

.00433
.00255

.00508

.04213

.00762

.03402

.02372

.00003
.03838

.00235

.02392

.07555
.05601

.00463
.00873
.00030
.00005
.08120

.00207
00089

.01668
.04847

00044
.00725
06408
.02464
.04285
00106
.00011
.04229

.00036
.00268
00422
.00006
.00320

.00679
00942
00002
.00160

.00014

.00650

.00178
00164
22108

.00324
00159
10539
.02868

.01225
.03732
.0360
06506

.00410
.00576
00515

.00014
.02812

.00197

.02454
.04872
.00122
.01477

00004

.02341
.00039

01079
.00005

00785
.00005

.00714
03927
28812
.00443

.00005

.66665

.00006

.00022

.00522
00789
02875
.01606
00160
.29223

00479
.00025

00876
.00011
.00008
.0030
.01498
.00009
.00652
.00005
.00108

00005
.00019
00007
.00314
.01369
.00014
.00538
.00005
.00195

.01595

.00029

.00027

.01221

.00551

.00367

00012
.00130

00169
.00099

00171
.00065

00271
.00084

.00118
00921
31522
.00019

.00014

.00153

.00013

.66626

.00012

.00014

.00013

.00009

.00017

.00008

.00010

.00010
.00104
.00155
.01189
.00006
.00439
.00003
.00341

00035
.00017
.00011
.00135
.01037
.00008
.00397
.00003
.00417

.00013
.00004
.00135
.00880
.00005
.00419
.00002
.00455

.00043
.00012

.00028

.00097
.01643
.00002
.00496
.00006
.00216

.00009
.00036
.00164
.01457
.00011
.00385
.00005
.00280

.00125
.00814
.00004
.00399
.00003
.00427

.00165
.00781
.00009
.00338
.00005
.00276

.00006
.00023
.00002
.00103
.00213
.00003
.00621
.00005
.00484

.01681
.00014
.00075
.00167
.00903
.00008
.00417
.00005
.00290

.00260
.00020
.00007
.00268
.00828
.00022
.00414
.00003
.00413

.03882
.00005
.00081
.00246
.01504
.00019
.00454
.00003
.00357

.00018
.00222
.00183
.01140
.00009
.00357
.00003
.00314

00562
.00023
.00001
.00127
.00369
.00002
.00472
.00004
.00508

.00224
.00440
.00012
.00447
.00004
.00446

00534
.00032
.00004
.00192
.01063
.00008
.00404
.00002
.00276

.00679
.00202
.00120
.05449
.00031
.00632
.00218

.00659
.00251
.00081
.06893
.00033
.00661
.00242

.00490
.00223
.00037
.10018
.00035
.00601
.00279

.00886
.00247
.00067
.04899
.00029
.00612
.00238

.00641
.00191
.00061
.0750
.00033
.00593
.00209

.00860
.00269
.00101
.06229
.00040
.00616
.00231

.00972
.00283
.00075
.03662
.00028
.00636
.00222

.00539
.00072
.00065
.13184
.00036
.00908
.00265

.00630
.00205
.00281
.06736
.00074
.00719
.00239

.00838
.00277
.00092
.07485
.00082
.00822
.00226

.00707
.00255
.00043
.07667
.00198
.00703
.00256

.00853
.00298
.00104
.07360
.00198
.00670
.00242

.00511
.00087
.00045
.07446
.00060
.00840
.00256

.01327
.00178
.00124
.06895
.00035
.00878
.00274

.00936
.00219
.00281
.08732
.00099
.00792
.00250

.00269
.00090
.00053
.07805
.00030
.00635
.00238

.00870
.00221
.00312
.07153
.00051
.00775
.00252

.00430
.00282
.00131
.00388
.00232
.01278
.00217
.00314
.00329
.00034

.00340
.00273
.00118
.00324
.00638
.01269
.00737
.00313
.00332
.00045

.00587
.00257
.00069
.00156
.00741
.01208
.00652
.00297
.00235
.00012

.00879
.00274
.00093
.00242
.0070
.01385
.00667
.00355
.00329
.00013

.00936
.00272
.00079
.00198
.00792
.01264
.00739
.00335
.00251
.00031

.00536
.00266
.00131
.00292
.00611
.01476
.00886
.00328
.00378
.00017

.01151
.00265
.00102
.00191
.00693
.01935
.00801
.00298
.00309
.00045

.01409
.00342
.00062
.01197
.01028
.01543
.01188
.00330
.00262
.00076

.00420
.00269
.00102
.00342
.00521
.01117
.00790
.00312
.00305
.00047

.00681
.00272
.00118
.00225
.00394
.01562
.01129
.00327
.00328
.00022

.00335
.00293
.00073
.00136
.00332
.01145
.02504
.00342
.00283
.00033

.01009
.00284
.00079
.00299
.00534
.01369
.02009
.00357
.00325
.00024

.00992
.00311
.00086
.00511
.00884
.01552
.00704
.00332
.00293
.00056

.01123
.00320
.00244
.00639
.01519
.0250
.01312
.00337
.00555
.00064

.00697
.00279
.00160
.00260
.00329
.02189
.00916
.00367
.00435
.00021

.00229
.00270
.00081
.00075
.00712
.00780
.00429
.00276
.07885
.00052

.00354
.00287
.00201
.00321
.00621
.01402
.01962
.00312
.00468
.00071

.00098
.00051
.00032
.00125

.00069
.00098
.00021
.00268

.00053
.00073
.00040
.00322

.66696

.00060
.00106
.00020
.00315

.00076
.00071
.00033
.00359
.00028

.00079
.00035
.00039
.00180
.00007

.00182
.00028
.00017
.05533

.00227
.00016
.00023
.00090

.00090
.00074
.00022
.00758

.00192
.00211
.00039
.00229

.00064
.00069
.00037
.01185

.00155
.00123
.00012
.00796

.00256
.00047
.00038
.00348

.00169
.00055
.00034
.01678
.00351

.00497
.00062
.00034
.00323

.00339
.00154
.00044
.00421
.00024

.60526
.39474
1.00000

.55243
.44757
1.00000

.60223
.39777
1.00000

.42737
.57263
1.00000

.54680
.45320
1.00000

.50725
.49275
1.00000

.41061
.58939
1.00000

.87289
.12711
1.00000

.59403
.40597
1.00000

.53546
.46455
1.00000

.68115
.31885
1.00000

.53606
.46394
1.00000

.62619
.37381
1.00000

.59617
.40383
1.00000

.61837
.38163
1.00000

.88879
.11122
1.00000

.72576
.27424
1.00000




.00058
.00036
.00092
00008

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
3
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28

.03177

03623
.01763
00731
.09911

29B
30
3
1
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
5
1
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
1

V
A
T

JO • January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 3.—Commodity-by-lndustry
[Direct requirements per dollar
Railroads and

Commodity number

For the composition of inputs to an industry, read the column for that industry

Aircraft
and parts

Other transportation
equipment

5+6
7
8

9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48

49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A

65B
65C
65D
65E

66
67
68A

68B
68C
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78

79
80
81
82
83
84
85
I
VA
T

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
•
*
*
Coal mining
.......
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
,
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction .
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yam and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing andpubllshing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
.....
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
..>
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
»
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing '.
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade ....
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
.
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total intermediate inputs
Value added
Total'

•Less than .000005.
1. Detail may not add to 1 because of rounding.




Ophthalmic
and photographic
equipment

Miscellaneous
manufacturing

62

Industry number

1
2
3
4

Scientific
and
controlling
instruments

64

.00054
.00013
.00023

.00012
.00073
.00051
.00020
.00024
.00003

.00001
.00066
.00038
.00010

.00046
•".00014

.00040
""60059

services;
passenger
ground
transportation

65A

Motor freight
transportation
and
warehousing

Water
transportation

Air
transportation

65B

65C

65D

.00001
.00002

'"6666'i

.00009
.00009

Pipelines,
freight
forwarders,
and related
services

65E

.00001

.00016
.00416

.00009
.00782

.00382

.00631

.00692

.00403

.00496

.00122

.00203

'".66269

.04796

.00176

.01350
.00011

.00003

.00029

.00132

.00090
.00015
.00005
.00108
.00018
.00048
.00020
.00011
.00004
.00021
.00054

.02056
.00068
.00029
.00013
.00002
.00005
.00044

.00282
.00553
.00017
.00001
.00087
.00038
.00353
.00449
.00009
.00043
.00142

.02965
.01022
.00043
.00011
.01824

.01001
.00069
.00367
.00077
.01310
.00076
.00580
.01596
.00014
.00084
.00887

.00358

.00456

.01226

.02188

"".66654

.00475
.00279
.02246

.00027
.00036
.00121
.02210

.00072
.00498
.00365
.03374
.00083
.00047
.00255
.01824
.04168

.05605
.00467
.00001
.00125
.00003
.00731
.00002

.00003

.00128

.00276
.00046

.00034
.00007
.00781
.00949

.00042
.00072

.00536

.00029

.01218
.0040

.00005
.00141
.00003
.00004
.00017

.00374
.00151
.00073
.00013
.00091

.00006
.00001
.00159
.00041

.00030

""66696"

.00286
.00149
.00151
.01633
.00230
.00783
.02480
.00263
.00832
.01533

.01035
.00256
.01398
.00088
.00103
.00701
.01542
.00033
••"66665
.18506

.00193

"".66382

.00572
.00057
.05490
.01392
.02123
.00740
.01684
.04781
.00072
.00006
.00165
.02344
.00786
.00248
.02886
.00457
.00306
.00034
.00005
.00288
.02502
.02410

.00005

.00167
.02474

.00001
.00041

.00041
.00008
.00024
.00279
.00189

.00006
.00002
.00005
.00024

.00041
.00182
.00275
.00034

.00007
.00005
.00003

.00204
.00529

.00035
.00068
.00024
.00197
.00064

.00103
.00075
.00035

.00032
.00003
.00016
.00116
.00008

.00047
.00243
.00049
.00530
.00020

.00022
.00001
.00031
.04412
.01150
.00001
.00002
.00004

.00094
.01790
.00323

0

.00437
.00105
.00916
.01393
.00017
.00753
.01392
.01553

.00040
.00915
.00261

.00296
.00309
.01058
.00005

.00013
.00505
.00364

.00149

.00140

.00223

.00145

.00070
.00506
.01197
.00002
.01292

.00020
.00487
.00034
.00005
.00477

.00048
.00811
.00030
.00007
.00417

.00627
.00228

.00282
.00640
.09635
.00040

.00019

.00039

.00027
.00003

.02873
.00013

.00030
.00012
.00519
.00029

.00041
.00154

.00113

.00096

.00007

.00021

.00011

.00736

.00380

.00003

.00014
.02850

.01901

.00041
.00176
.00505

.00015
.00648

.00003
.00014
.00001
.00032
.00043
.00002
.00005
.00141

.00027
.00005

.00003
.00004
.08735
.00026

.00039
.00008

.00001
.00002

.00526
.00427
.00002
.00034
.00010

.00264
.00091

.00245

.07362
.00018
.00012
.00118
.00469
.00006
.00788
.00005
.00211

.03308
.00442
.00004
.00008
.00203
.01196
.00006
.00380
.00003
.00213

.03239
.00022
.00008
.00116
.00442
.00006
.00383
.00004
.00506

.00673
.03795
.00003
.00306
.00669
.00028
.00327
.00005
.00518

.00022
.05789
.00210
.01032
.00018
.00292
.00004
.00311

.00017
.00020
.04312
.00728
.00029
.00391
.00757
.00714

.00007
.00014
.00036
.00017
.00210
.18522
.00536
.00867
.03110
.01172

.01407
.00010
.00021
.00153
.00048
.00251
.19277
.00176
.04681
.00125

.00020
.00017
.00031
.00130
.00234
.00044
.06085
.08535
.01045

.00524
.00097
.00139
.03272
.00016
.00796
.00206

.00510
.00182
.00116
.05377
.00033
.00568
.00228

.00636
.00085
.00063
.04621
.00056
.00738
.00233

.00539
.00233
.00101
.05582
.00081
.00854
.00248

.00574
.00218
.00065
.07875
.00134
.00617
.00240

.00150
.00002
.00210
.03309
.00361
.01159
.00570

.00592
.00068
.01319
.02957
.00467
.00772
.01140

.00409
.00026
.00111
.01354
.00042
.02732
.00254

.00235
.00013
.00122
.01550
.00038
.01383
.00323

.01156
.00012
.00107
.00897
.00084
.02542
.00716

.00324
.00269
.00149
.00663
.00738
.01553
.00377
.00282
.00374
.00051

.01126
.00245
.00057
.00233
.00514
.0110
.00530
.00297
.00210
.00015

.00271
.00072
.00380
.01080
.02333
.01475
.00315
.00250
.00047

.00512
.00278
.00067
.00301
.00243
.02417
.01385
.00317
.00261
.00058

.00949
.00225
.00075
.00139
.00525
.01490
.03265
.00295
.00263
.00037

.01105
.00234
.00078
.01481
.00727
.02431
.00393
.00326
.01204
.00036

.02571
.00134
.00098
.00478
.01962
.09722
.03505
.00141
.00052
.00048

.0130
.00258
.00341
.02072
.00938
.01613
.01259
.01763
.00149
.00074

.02038
.00279
.00231
.08938
.05284
.03564
.02629
.00294
.00596
.00067

.00326
.00077
.00013
.00156

.00084
.00031
.00028
.00079

.00225
.00097
.00027
.00276

.00014
.00982

.00194
.00033
.00206
.00002

.02058
.00348
.00061
.00228
.00539
.02506
.00202
.00345
.05676
.00065
.00037
.00050
.00136
.00165
.00415
.00003

.09903

.00068
.00021
.07415

.52705
.47295
1.00000

.53269
.46731
1.00000

.44833
.55167
1.00000

.38572
.61428
1.00000

.48911
.51089
1.00000

.52253
.47747
1.00000

.67798
.32202
1.00000

.49867
.50133
1.00000

.00442

.00425
.00097
.00172
.00359

.39528
.60472
1.00000

.00508
.00034

.00006

"66685
.00076
.00091
.00586
.00131
.00621
.02344

.00978
.00384
.00031

.44321
.55679
1.00000

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Jl

Direct Requirements, 1996—Continued
of industry output, at producers' prices]
Communications,
except radio
and TV

Radio
and TV
broadcasting

Electric
services
(utilities)

66

67

68A

Gas
production Water and Wholesale
and
sanitary
trade
distribution services
(utilities)
68B

68C

.00001

Finance

Insurance

69B

69A

Retail
trade

70A

70B

71A

.00001
.00045
.00002
.00012

.66691
.00047
.00042
.00346
.00006
.00002
.00011
.00029
.0010
.00237
.00001
.00011

.00001

.00011

.00015

.00058

.00116

.00027

.00027

.00001
.00001
.00001

.00001

.00784

.00478

.01007

.00015
.00009
.00065
.00037
.00376

.00010
.00009
.00005
.00006
.00026

.00391
.00621
.00052
.01027
.00056
.00075
.00001
.00007
.00081
.00003
.00589
.00467
.00001
.00027
.00022
.00016
.00073
.00072
.00022

.07591

.08785

.00001
.00004

.00006

.00004

.01056

.00038
.00016
.00022
.00027
.00042

.00035
.00010
.00005
.00046
.00173

.00020
.00006
.00001
.00014
.00003

.00044
.00015
.00018
.00019
.02341

.00002

.00004

.01027
.00091
.00001
.00004
.00002

.00249
.00010
.00001

.00089
.00014

!66668
.03205
.00928
.00092
.00141

.00002
.00008
.00183
.00140
.00143
.00003
.00199
.00011
.00174
.00002
.00189

.00061
00001
00024
.00020
.00331

.00007

!oooo5

.00010

.00433

.00004

00009
.00049

.00024

.00016

.00020
.00079

.00038
.00140
.00006
.00001
.00124

.00002
.00008
.00104
.00001

.00013
.00088
.00037

.00066

.00001

.0010

.00115

.:
.00004
.00012
.0010
.00037
.00011
.00008
.00152
.00072
.00033
.00018

.00052
.01728
.01960
.00088

.00118
.00560
.00029

.00062

.00025

.00152

.00031
.00033
.00956
.00067

.00018

.00011

.00007

.00009

.04389

.00182

.666ii

.00051

.00002

.00002

.05609

0

.00004

.00002
.00016
.00045
.00124
.00001
.00005

.00002
.00010

oofl

iJEl

.00014
.00004
.00108
.00007
.00029

n
.00054
.00001

.00013

.00009
.00004
.00089
.00068
.00001
.00001
.00077

.00029

.00078
.00025
.00002
.00006
.00002

.02740

.00002

.00573

.00011
.00023
.00074
.00801
.00025

.00148
.00039
.00399
.00274
.00058

.00296
.00198
.00080
.00208
.00018
.00214

.00388
.00062
.00034
.00871
.00164

.00104
.00001
.00277
.00392
.00006
.00386
.00077

.01063
.00010
.00365
.00413
.00298
.00004
.00010
.00009
.00083

.00002

.00020
.00001

00051

00050

.00033

n

0

.00152

.00277
.00024
.00006

.00271

.00007
.00094
.00249
.00004

.00002

.00084

.00034

.00001
.00020
.00001
.00785
.00021
.00027
.00769
.00008

.00036
.00001
.00241
.00036
.00053
.00693
.00017

.00003
.00077
.00162
.00002
.00003

.00010
.00001
.00074
.00089
.00007
.00053
.00010
.00001

.0009

.00319

.00014

.00022

.00150
.22381
.00028
.00593
.00031
.00784
.00212

.00475
.02308
.06828
.0290
.00835
.00701
.01195

.00779
.00209
.00180
.02990
.00259
.01079
.00367

.01675
.00299
.00779
.01198
.03291
.02333
.01641
.00298
.00609
.01453

.02356
.00224
.00483
.01173
.01308
.02860
.02568
.00222
.00477
.44526

.00788
.00209
.00052
.00965
.00906
.01285
.00075
.00258
.00131
.00046

.00259
.00117
.00003
.00256
.02144
.00662
.00022
.00127
.00160
.00048

.00292
.00207
.00346
.00145
.03373
.01286
.00006
.00222
.00213
.00038

.00227
.00324
.00022
.02894

.00973
.00104
.00028

.00588
.00248
.00012
.00021

.00055
.00104
.00007
.00072

.00059
.00156

.00001

.00105

.00001
.00001
.00002
.00001
.00011

.00004

.00002

.ooofi

.00004
.00010
.00012
.00047

.00007
.00001

.00006
.00004
.00071

.00003
.00035
.00122
.00048
.00134
.00341
.00001
.00390
.00005
.01755

.00009
.00067

.00036

.00068

.00004
.00002

.00005
.00002

.00008
.00006
.00001
.00011

.00055

.00082

!666i6
.00019
.00012
.00021
.00022
.00023
.00008

.00019
.06238
.00001
.00120

.00036
.00182
.00002
.00001

.doooi"

.'66662

.00005
.03833
.00367
.00015

.00366
.00182
.00043
.00570
.00372

!662O
.00023
.00019
.05968
.00006

.00114
.00016
.00390
.00312
.00013
.00081
.00024
.00024
.00006
00008

.00017
.00007
.00138

.00011
.00008
.00003
.00048

.00012

.00152

.00081

8

.00010
.00042
.00102
.00105
.00462
.00003
.00456
.01417
.01237

.00086
.00910
.01410
.00089
.00528
.00003
.00288
.00007
.01279

.00054
.00097
.00067
.00088
.00163
.00001
.00360
.00004
.02090

.00016
.00192
.00087
.00073
.00262
.00001
.00343
.00004
.01267

.00039
.00041
.01879
.00676

.00962
.00167
.00644
.00144
.00044
.00885
.00205

.03694
.00621
.01363
.00743
.00162
.05347
.00291

.01125
.00398
.00501
.02192
.00096
.00923
.00296

.00284
.00023
.00036
.02203
.00023
.00836
.00125

.00388
.00048
.00048
.00481
.00022
.01175
.00187

.00336
.00083
.00083
.01063
.00203
.00922
.00284

.06129
.00231
.00196
.00090
.01627
.0280
.00896
.00228
.00773
.00045

.05843
.00420
.00731
.00549
.00907
.09038
.01789
.00573
.00652
.00076

.05354
.00232
.04292
.00477
.03585
.02991
.02371
.00272
.00538
.00060

.07206
.00241
.00178
.08409
.01383
.03973
.00852
.00275
.00607
.00057

.04916
.00432
.00081
.01601
.07503
.09409
.00328
.00250
.00430
.00058

.00140
.00680
.00011
.00378

.00091
.00267
.00081

.00206
.00449
.00178
.00175

.01202
.00544
.00012
.00337

.00428
.00835
.00027
.00231

0

.00358
.00516
.00073
.00030
.00001

.02367
.00428
.00188
.01196
.01873
.05878
.00806
.00484
.00651
.00191
.00001
.00347
.00569
.00026
.00404

.40591
.59409
1.00000

.44572
.55428
1.00000

.03031
.00361
.00253
.01077
.01288
.05475
.02576
.00365
.00881
.00148

.06644
.00305
.00317
.00656
.00797
.04144
.04961
.00392
.00616
.00102

.02796
.00239
.00085
.02053
.02649
.03951
.01652
.00235
.00232
.00064

.03154
.00399
.00071
.00639
.02931
.0420
.01059
.0040
.01629
.00082

.00217
.00612
.00058
.00777

.00099
.00551
.00067
.00018

.00202
.02647
.00030
.00989

n
.41708
.58292
1.00000

.55171
.44829
1.00000

.06661
.00004

.03340

!66472
.00385

.12563
.87437
1.00000

.24502
.75498
1.00000

.44583
.55417
1.00000

I66043
.00084

.00029
.0010
.00042
.00025
.00051
.00174
.00159
00127
.00147
.00161
.00038
.00305
.00001
.00051
.00009
.00255
.00109

.00009
.00024
.00021
.00079
.00099
.00001
.00218
.00003
.00707

.00130
.00017
.00050
.00259
.00042
.06641
.27850

.30934
.69066
1.00000

.00022

ZZZ

.00015
.00053
.00041
.00120
.00630
.00320
.00062
.01257
.00022
.00013
.00952
.00056

.00044
.00018

n

.oooS

.01979
.00158
.00311
.00506
.00373
.01802
.00381

.32766
.67234
1.00000

.00002

.00178

.00002
.00002
.00026
.00002
.00033

00094
.00051
.00250
.00152
.00181
.00446
.00006
.00498
.00009
.01383

.00093
.00082
.00767
.00001
.00275
.00004
.01381
.00346
.00094
.00207
.00339
.00024
.18234
.00361

0

.00035

n

00014

.00015

JH

.00003
.00010
.00008
.00002
.00052
.00026
.00020
.00007
.00001
.00043
.00008
.00035
.00058

.00012
.03072
.00123
.00497
.00024
.01441
.00277

73D

73C

73B

.00043

.00013
.00036
.00065
.00092
.00285
.00004
.00306
.00008
.01048

.49886
.50114
1.00000

.04666

n

.00027
.00005
.00478
.00342
.00029
.00004
.00005
.00002
.00001
.00006
.00001
.00118
.00032

73A

.00256

.00138
.00020
.00013
.00575
.00008

.00107
.00080
.00112
.00402
.00009
.00520
.00055
.01904

.81061
.18939
1.00000

.00264

.00199
.00027
.00060
.00613
.00010

.63214
.00029
.00015
.00171
.00522
.00022
.00267
.00040
.02126

.30684
.69316
1.00000

.00258

.00754
.00165
.00020
.00093
.00007
.00004
.00002

.00018
.00007
.00006
.00050
.00052
.00007
.00324
.00908
.00060




.00602

.00008
.00005
.00463

72B

Commodity
number

.00003

.00008
.00025

.00062
.00004
.00014
.02684
.00346
.00282
.00225
.00012
.00177

.00013

.00884

n

.00024
.00020

.00017
.00070
.00011
.00073
.00142
.00001
.00226
.00004
.01713
.02615
.00519
.00016
.00147
.00276
.00029
.00788
.01020

.66957
.33043
1.00000

.00004

n

.00013
.00041
.00040
.0010
.00130
.00009
.00336
.00005
.13976
.00056
.00356
.00042
.00123
.01032
.00036
.01041
.00317

.44503
.55497
1.00000

72A

.00025

.06672

.43325

Other
Computer and
Legal,
Personal data processing engineering, business and
and repair
professional Advertisservices,
accounting,
services
services,
including
ing
and related
(exc.auto) own-account
except
services
medical
software

71B

.00001

.00114

.03901

n

.00001

Hotels
and
lodging
places

.00001

.00014

06817
.00005

n
.00023

OwnerReal
occupied estate and
dwellings royalties

.00034

.00022
.00176
.00007
.00004

.00005
.00106
.00091
.00074
.00152

.mil
.00003
.01084
.00657
.00341
.00023
.00010
.00958
.00060
.00556
.00189

.66472
.00213
.0010
.00437
.04240
.07516
.00574
.00211
.01091
.02234
.00230
.00497
.00021
.00159

n
.33120
.66880
1.00000

.26334
.73666
1.00000

.29540
.70460
1.00000

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
I
VA
T

J2

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 3.—Commodity-by-lndustry Direct Requirements, 1996—Continued
[Direct requirements per dollar of industry output, at producers' prices]

Commodity
number

For the composition of inputs to an industry, read the column for that industry

Industry number
1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
VA
T

Livestock and livestock products
. . .
Other aoricultural Droducts
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores minino
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
.......
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines . .
Farm construction and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
.
Metaiworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery except electrical
Comouter and office eauioment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment arid apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment ..
....
Audio, video and communication equipment
Electronic comoonents and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
..
..
Truck and bus bodies trailers and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical ...
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
.
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods .
General government industry
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total intermediate inputs
Value added
Total'

*Less than .000005.
1. Detail may not add to 1 because of rounding.




Eating
and
drinking
places

Automotive
repair
and
services

74

Educational
and social
Federal
services, and Government
membership
enterprises
organizations

State and
local
government
enterprises

General
government
industry

Household
industry

Inventory
valuation
adjustment

79

82

84

85

.00001

Health
services

75

.00130
.00673
00725
.00073

Amusements

76

77A

.00001

.00012
.00036
.00007
.00177

.00046
.00055

.00045

.00040
.00150
.00006
.00189

.00167

.00029
.00027
.00007

.00001

.00001

.00001

.00001

.00822

.00873
.00716
00059
.18188

77B

78

00001
.00864
.00017
.00557

.00580

.03667

.02506

.00717

.01102

.00768

.00064
.00008
.00087
.00037
.00075
.00001
.00168
.00076
.00052
.00213
.00114
.00121

.00006
.00010
.00103
.00121
.00032

.00014
.00004
.00039
.00038
.00143

.00017
.00019
.00002
.00282

.00298
.00319
.00009
.00263
.00089

.00038
.00028
.00102
.00011
.00174
.00128
.00067
.00028
.00064
.00158

.00488
.00131
.00373
.03993
.00083
.00021

.00017
.00001
.00226
.00729
.00001
.00139
.00125

.00072
.00236
.01360
.02220
.00001
.00549
.00021

.00003

.00004

.00005
.00025
.00032
.00261
.00130
.00050
.00004
.00002
.00001
.00013

.003$
.00140
.00065
.00462
.01458
.00007
.00030
.01824
.00108

.00767

.00417

.00359

.19916
.00014
.00003
.00060
.00016

.00021
.00034
.00001

joofl
.00102
.00012
.00006
.00015
.00002
00004
.00035
.00006
.00012
.00126

.01130
.01293
.00666

00005
.00018
.00082

66662

.00025
.00025
.00018
.00215
.00007
.00667
.00291

.00007

.00363
.00006
.00178
.00518
.00052
.12776
.00002

.00,8
.01193
.00004
.00184
.00064
.00002
.00059
.00079

0

.00023
.00073
.00023
.00395
.00322
.00037
.00120
.00004
.00010
.00001
.00001
.00032
.00132
.00002

.00082
.01735
.00033
.00040
.00007

.00045
.00007
.00157
.01157
.00173
00003
.00039
.03512
.00108
.00044
.00516

.00075
.00062
.00018
.00138

.00002
.00002
.00026
.00098
00129

.00012
.00009

.00014

.00082
.00009
.00001
.00461

.00002
.00001
.00002
.00025
.00230
.00019
.00019
.00004
.00108
.00013
.00046
.00042

.00043
.00031
.00019
.00010
.00008
.00105
.00025
.00075
.00078

.00038

.00418
.00549
00011
.00093
.00018
00037
.00152

.00072

.00061

.00115

.01754

.00279

.01597
.00212
.00052
.00139
.00313
.00006
.00432
.00005
.01064

.00004
.00098
.00180
.00344
.00113
.00394
.00013
.00353
.00009
.01026

.00028
.00002
.00027
.00041
.00978
.02164
.02294
.02122
.00020
.00432

.00119
.00011
.00011
.00026
.00569
.00703
.00455
.00115
.00041
.00424

.00025
.00028
.00057
.00002

.00007
.00001

.00744
.00215
.00264
.00012
.01057
.00168

.00008
.00010
.00034
.00001

.00032
.00202
.00008
.00031
.00048

.00014
.00924

.00003
.00006
.00159
.00174
.00777
.00005
.00324
.00005
.00378

.00088
.00029
.00027
.00194
.00590
.00011
.00454
.00177
.00986

00054
.00010
.00047
.00224
.00088
.00229
.00003
.00316
.00006
.00838

.01883
.00335
.00564
.04502
.00138
.00925
.00188

.00835
.00230
.00293
.04189
.00741
.01662
.00516

.01575
.00129
.00240
.01584
.00101
.00856
.00248

.01162
.00235
.00309
.01735
.00077
.00677
.00542

.00912
.00231
.00306
.01649
.00147
.01780
.00332

.00570
.00366
.00740
.01430
.00027
.01017
.00350

.03385
.03319
.01123
.01283
.00020
.01443
.00202

.04563
.00264
.00253
.00276
.00786
.02359
.01995
.01463
.00484
.01053

.05078
.00332
.01119
.00432
.00764
.02242
.01620
.00342
.01464
.00071

.01581
.00039
.00028
.00198
.00361
.02970
.00010
.00132
.00465

.02037
.00037
.00104
.00228
.03063
.01660
.00239
.00101
.00411
00002

.00076
.00346
.00132
.00110
.00335

.06516
.00409
.00247
.00832
.01642
.05508
.00446
.00663
.00781
.00057
.01851
.00331
.00917
.00039
.00005

.10135
.00308
.00220
.01199
.01474
.07142
.02436
.00620
.00651
.00455

00154
00154
00071
00054

.05969
.00275
.00274
.00413
.02204
.03678
.03557
.00314
.00670
.16562
.00026
.00150
.00373
.00032
.00177
-.0012

.00580
.00913
.00047
.00009

.00050
.00140
.00054
.01601

.00259
.00998

.49439
.50561
1.00000

.45318
.54682
1.00000

.37404
.62596
1.00000

.46138
.53862
1.00000

.31498
.68502
1.00000

.51255
.48745
1.00000

n
49351
50649
1.00000

.66694

i.66666
1.00000

1.00000
1.00000

1.00000
1.00000

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

J3

Table 4.—Commodity-by-Commodity Total Requirements, 1996
[Total requirements, direct and indirect, per dollar of delivery to final demand, at producers' prices]
Commodity
number

Each entry represents the output required, directly and indirectly,
of the commodity named at the beginning of the row for each dollar
of delivery to final demand of the commodity named at the head of the column

Commodity number
1
2
3
4

5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A

29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61

62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E

66
67

68C
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78

79
80
81
82
83
84
85

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction .
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment.
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade . . .
.
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
,
Owner-occupied dwellings

Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software .
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services .
Advertising .
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements

Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations .
Federal Government enterprises .
Noncomparable imports ..
.
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses .
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total commodity output multiplier

'Less than .000005.




Livestock
and
livestock
products

Other
agricultural
products

Forestry
and
fishery
products

Agricultural,
forestry,
and
fishery
services

Metallic
ores
mining

Crude
petroleum
and
natural
gas

5+6

1

Nonmetallic
minerals
mining

New
construction,
including
own-account
construction

Maintenance
and repair
construction,
including
own-account
construction

9+10

Coal
mining

11

12
.00085
.00402
.00891
.00651
.00222
.00165
.02622
.01201

.00056
.00109
.00087
.00207
.00258
.00167
.01038
.00076

.02218
.00001
.00198

1.01134
.00002
.00233

.01597
1.02647
.00203

.00010
.00149
.00031
.00316
.00150
.00007
.00428
.00034
.00089
.00052
.00064
.00062
.04348
.03115
.00369
.00780
.00381
.00880
.00006
.03355
.00981
.00275
.07446
.00374
.02086
.00851

.00078
.00352
.00065
.00089
.00027
.00250
.00379
.00076
.0010
.00243
.00019
.00377
.00040
.00187
.00062
.00002
.00191
.00019
.00015
.00047
.00052
.00053
.00426
.01028
.00083
.00525
.00219
.00853
.00006
.02238
.08030
.00399
.02726
.00594
.01667
.00598

.00038
.00013
.00016
.00378
.00006
.00450
.00169
.00138
.00266
.03341
.00069
.00414
.00004
.00044
.00076
.04466
.01718
.00004
.00108
.00225
.03040
.00704
.00035
.00818
.00327
.00528
.00623
.03323
.01405
.00143
.00046
.01153
.00551
.00094
.00067
.00732
.00009
.00076
.00032
.00317
.00194
.00006
.00611
.00026
.00024
.00043
.00039
.00071
.00886
.03279
.00152
.00619
.00378
.00931
.00007
.04974
.03309
.00293
.06879
.00609
.01977
.00903

.00196
.00306
.00021
.00088
.07576
.00287
.01187
.00391
.00030
.00395
.02017
.00151
.01040
.00004
.00102
.00950
.02148
.02974
.00010
.00493
.06594
.03484
.02770
.00059
.05722
.00496
.02871
.00088
.00297
.00381
.00295
.00070
.01027
.00486
.00142
.01412
.01039
.00215
.01772
.00470
.00652
.00336
.00006
.00428
.00023
.00055
.00437
.00082
.00418
.00646
.03739
.00154
.00575
.00271
.01359
.00009
.01307
.00811
.00403
.08280
.04267
.02012
.01386

.00288
.00021
.00102
.10377
.00027
.00955
.00360
.00027
.00348
.01921
.00169
.01049
.00004
.00109
.01002
.03019
.03189
.00010
.00263
.03777
.02924
.02507
.00060
.0480
.00422
.02435
.00075
.00257
.00044
.00235
.00070
.00511
.00364
.00120
.01370
.00787
.00258
.01576
.00368
.00559
.00255
.00006
.00451
.00020
.00055
.00357
.00070
.00384
.00637
.03536
.00156
.00527
.00281
.01285
.00008
.01216
.00733
.00396
.07961
.04932
.01782
.00953

.0010
.00048
.00027
.00663
.00029
.00601
.00389
.00032
.00263
.01851
.00191
.00966
.00005
.00041
.00107
.00755
.02278
.00005
.00194
.00345
.02685
.03599
.00028
.00281
.01092
.01695
.00118
.00029
.00015
.00435
.00323
.00855
.01186
.00435
.00040
.01295
.00009
.00191
.01327

.00302
1.04027
.00115
.07303
.00068
.00133
.03957
.00695

.03077
.05339
1.02753
.22037
.00060
.00102
.03370
.00330

.03146
.12892
.00252
1.0203
.00063
.00101
.02815
.00509

.00082
.00162
.00136
.00336
1.1381
.00758
.04310
.00262

.00070
.00161
.00104
.00212
.00158
1.1142
.03580
.00165

.00045
.00091
.00067
.00222
.00113
.00207
1.32613
.00123

.00053
.00089
.00056
.00132
.00169
.00722
.05052
1.03467

.00001
.30487

.02581
.00001
.00415

.03738
.00001
.06029

.02015
.00001
.01904

.0420
.00001
.00264

.01875
.00001
.00235

.05940
.00001
.00162

.00042
.00014
.00019
.01330
.00009
.00468
.00225
.00021
.00272
.08123
.00160
.00439
.00008
.00056
.00120

.00051
.00036
.00020
.00864
.00007
.00439
.00209
.00028
.00295
.02878
.00091
.00640
.00004
.00049
.00086
.04155
.02376
.00005
.00095
.01036
.02613
.00963
.00034
.00806
.00984
.00904
.00998
.05753
.00758
.00190
.00050
.01703
.01282
.00090
.00070

.00027
.00009
.00016
.00685
.00005
.00284
.00096
.00018
.00211
.02029
.00067
.00164
.00003
.00035
.00085
.01281
.00441
.00004
.00054
.00618
.02459
.00433
.00021
.00373
.00105

.00374
.00275
.00019
.00197
.00933
.00006
.01001
.00902
.00027
.00284
.02054
.09151
.00450
.00019

.00197
.00324
.00020
.00229
.00432
.00006
.00764
.00737
.00039
.00314
.02040
.10261
.00351
.00047
.00093
.00074
.01845
.00777
.00014
.00111
.00172
.00406
.00318
.00106
.00131
.00090
.00506
.00040
.00176
.00018
.00055
.00047
.00093
.00206
.00074
.00056
.00095
.00011
.00135
.00034
.00273
.00252
.00004
.00418
.00054
.00018
.00091
.00066
.00059
.00606
.02591
.00105
.01618
.00321
.01094
.00008
.00957

13

.00080
.00388
.00661
.00564
.00253
.00195
.02088
.01129
1.0004
.01182
.00002
.00231

1.18457
.41819
.00326
.08926
.00096
.00301
.03647
.00397

.002$
.00403
.00031
.00116
.01046
.00009
.01983
.01209
.00052
.00582
.02156
.04634
.00734
.00592
.00219
.00104
.03520
.02371
.00091
.00377
.00304
.00937
.00845
.00730
.00274
.00218
.01040
.00078
.00344
.00030
.00158
.00075
.00225
.00386
.00129
.00088
.00205
.00017
.00178
.00056
.00508
.00593
.00006
.00487
.00026
.00056
.00102
.00073
.00133
.02476
.06167
.00213
.00723
.00572
.01580
.00014
.03526
.01240
.00811
.14837
.00392
.02545
.01804

Ordnance
and
accessories

.00061
.03371
.01174
.00009
.00072
.0030
.00554
.00349
.00070
.00186
.00092
.00669
.00049
.00338
.00023
.00094
.00045
.00154
.00285
.00072
.00054
.00127
.00012
.00106
.00032
.00304
.00554
.00003
.00332
.00016
.00018
.00047
.00040
.00085
.00599
.02556
.00128
.00445
.00276
.00879
.00006
.01360
.01286
.00816
.07353
.00212
.01449
.01406

.00533
.00023
.00169
.00685
.00007
.00944
.00691
.00030
.00419
.01411
.04571
.00437
.00048
.00160
.00076
.03554
.00930
.00013
.00127
.00240
.00556
.00434
.00187
.00226
.00116
.00558
.00175
.00308
.00017
.00080
.00046
.00153
.00229
.00085
.00090
.00144
.00014
.00123
.00037
.00299
.00279
.00006
.00565
.00030
.00051
.00174
.00052
.00068
,00596
.02030
.02451
.00854
.00393
.00887
.00007
.00980
.00825
.00507
.06108
.00461
.01988
.01245

.00320
.06151
.00206
.01638
.00916

.00301
.00123
.00005
.00394
.00028
.00044
.00080
.00045
.00066
.01224
.03207
.00205
.00672
.00356
.00958
.00006
.07860
.02168
.00289
.06647
.00503
.02004
.00983

.13065
.00417
.00331
.00806
.01906
.04835
.01933
.00426
.01430
.00437
.02449
.00340
.00392
.00131
.00565
.00095

.11458
.00227
.00226
.00429
.01269
.03202
.00765
.00227
.00899
.00218
.00010
.00189
.00216
.00081
.00354
.00052

.05115
.00426
.00248
.00544
.03493
.04288
.00999
.00449
.01246
.00395
.00110
.00524
.00292
.00067
.00562
.00055

.04278
.00330
.00349
.00471
.02407
.03291
.01094
.00363
.01457
.01049
.00105
.00199
.00292
.00101
.00390
.00048

.03187
.00516
.00208
.00706
.02933
.03948
.00730
.00598
.00905
.00183
.00003
.00491
.00330
.00088
.01421
.00247

.05476
.00599
.00196
.00653
.03150
.03534
.00798
.00632
.00814
.00253
.00003
.00648
.00247
.00065
.00590
.00150

.25721
.00452
.00148
.00473
.03430
.02765
.00737
.00468
.00638
.00216
.00002
.00228
.00235
.00051
.01138
.00120

.03552
.00455
.00146
.00729
.02126
.03027
.00925
.00531
.00747
.00195
.00003
.00230
.00265
.00039
.00527
.00156

.03136
.00390
.00258
.00832
.08471
.06430
.01155
.00420
.01276
.00260
.00004
.00222
.00428
.00054
.00445
.00276

.02964
.00357
.00253
.00739
.04471
.06054
.01113
.00391
.01330
.00252
.00004
.00201
.00388
.00051
.00403
.00239

.02288
.00496
.00244
.01320
.01508
.03886
.01257
.00558
.00719
.00272
.00002
.00266
.00220
.00050
.00461
.00256

3.03674

1.83665

2.05403

1.82057

2.01808

1.94263

2.08974

1.78037

2.08583

1.99755

1.83285

.01534
.00004
.00086
.00744
.05196
.00817
.00061
.01395
.00387
.00585
.00622
.03009
.00659
.00261
.00078
.00788
.00704
.00095
.00082
.00536
.00016
.00101

.00009
.00202
.08102
.00019
.06431
.00065
.00043
.00423
.01655
.00056
.00908
.00188
.00978
.00009
.01511
.00639
.00282
.06058
.00173
.01665
.00625

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 4.—Commodity-by-Commodity
[Total requirements, direct and indirect, per dollar
Broad and

Commodity
number

Each entry represents the output required, directly and indirectly,
of the commodity named at the beginning of the row for each dollar
of delivery to final demand of the commodity named at the head of the column

Commodity number

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23

24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B

72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
.
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
.
Goal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction includina own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction including own-account construction
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
.
Broad and narrow fabrics yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paoer and allied Droducts exceot containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing ana publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear leather and leather Droducts
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery ....
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment...
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical ...
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances

Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks) .
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Ownsr-occunifid dwpllinn^

Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical

AuVGrtisino
,
Eating and drinking places ....
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterpnses
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total commodity output multiplier

* Less than .000005.




Food and
kindred
products

narrow
products

Miscellaneous

fahrirc
yam and
thread
mills

goods
and floor
coverings

Apparel

Miscellaneous
fabricated
textile
products

Lumber
and wood
products

Furniture
and
fixtures

Paper
and allied
products,
except
containers

20+21

22+23

24

25

26A

Paperhnarrl
containers
and boxes

Newspapers and
periodicals

14

15

16

17

18

19

.24466
.19526
00918
.02880
.00149
00275
02670
.00233

.00077
.09330
00061
.00720
.00032
00142
.00988
.00099

.01902
.13649
00096
.01162
.00184
00407
.03835
.00284

01023
.03267
00131
.00429
.00244
0040
04501
.00320

00764
.04566
00462
.00559
.00098
00295
02464
.00136

00847
.04933
00133
.00521
.00122
00271
02657
.00164

00421
.00735
12047
.02710
.00110
0020
02193
.00166

00255
.00914
01197
.00458
.00351
0030
01996
.00140

00328
.00450
01060
.00395
.00155
00622
03578
.00579

00193
.00275
00517
.00252
.00169
00447
03282
.00310

00075
.00112
00144
.00157
.00047
00139
01106
.00098

.02554
.00002
1 25622

.01091
.00001
00242
1.07183
00098
.00078
00014
.00038
00461
.00006
02376
.01767
.00075
01460
.01266
00858
.01401
00005
.00275
.00038
00831
.01346
00006
.00047
.00109
.00248
.00199
00026
.00073
.00060
.00338
.00024
.00045
.00011
.00079
.00059
.00054
.00134
.00107
.00056
.00127
.00007

02465
.00001
00861

03106
.00002
00875

02204
.00003
00680

02047
.00001
00935

01865
.00001
00946

01814
.00001
00593

03044
.00001
01347

02513
.00001
00755

01638
.00002
00297

1 24167
.00242
00411
.00095
00560
.00007
01112
.00582
.00028
00364
.12512
01504
.21903
00024
.00328
.00125
01899
.02174
00038
.01222
.00214
.00528
.00386
00123
.00159
.00099
.00409
.00055
.00099
.00026
.00135
.00333
.00117
.00537
.00131
.00066
.00156
.00020

37920
.00415
1 28307
04201
00527
00009
01149
00545
.00038
00539
05356
00563
09033
00014
00785
.00084
01469
.02164
00989
00439
.00166
.00466
.00431
00074
.00147
.00099
.00340
.00049
.00055
.00025
.00105
.00551
.00117
.00377
00145
.00062
.00167
.00016
.00072
.00043
.00427
.00097
.00004
.00290
00042
.00030
.00048
.00085
.01552
.00760
.03481
.00115
01218
.00328
.01316
.00019
.02963
.01598
.00451
.11318
00290
02486
.01021

34082
.06103
03155
102367
00766
00009
01048
00475
.00030
00459
07564
00621
11724
00015
00230
.00092
01434
.03283
03009
00493
.00175
.00517
.00390
00088
.00146
.00106
.00359
.00060
.00055
.00022
.00131
.00451
.00108
.00465
00115
.00058
.00150
.00015
.00037
.00355
.00083
.00012
.00262
00032
.00033
.00049
.00064
.00230
.00779
.03446
.00119
00926
.00303
.01131
00012
.02712
.01589
.00544
.10273
00275
02179
.00906

00180
00345
00032
00046
146784
00203
00915
00661
.00048
00426
02088
00894
01273
00010
00085
.00329
02096
02061
00011
00510
.01088
.01390
.00896
00063
.01314
.00767
.02055
.00070
.00066
.00057
.00222
.00191
.00306
.00548
00118
.00258
.00203
00352
.00343
.00038
.00435
.00120
.00009
.00917
00028
.00042
.00078
.00073
.00160
.01312
.05158
00447
0080
.00367
.01109
00010
.02168
.00943
.00489
.13304
00344
02121
.00946

06352
.03014
00057
00065
13117
100502
01773
01828
.00039
00451
03225
00240
03516
00007
00166
.01004
01522
.05555
00161
00615
.00651
.06461
.02708
00081
.00265
.01546
.06667
.00061
.00050
.00030
.00325
.00248
.00479
.00689
00124
.00083
.00289
.00041
.00104
.00042
.00438
.00074
.00004
.00347
00032
.00027
.00086
.00075
.00095
.00983
.03867
00157
00859
.0030
.01259
00015
.02150
.01173
.00458
.12539
00393
02162
.00852

00525
.00931
00032
00029
11948
00023
1 18947
01841
.00041
00670
.09419
00294
04647
00015
00592
.00146
01957
.05268
00008
00170
.00367
.00843
.00714
00105
.00289
.00205
.00970
.00067
.00082
.00033
.00174
.00498
.00188
.00621
00160
.00102
.00219
.00043
.00133
.00045
.00475
.00085
.00005
.00398
00030
.00044
.00099
.00083
.00075
.01821
.06016
.00244
00841
.00422
.01149
00012
.03549
.0260
.01004
.10039
00451
02131
.00902

00271
.00424
00027
00026
05583
00015
50975
1 01252
.00094
00532
07483
00192
02809
00011
00290
.00482
02430
03142
00008
00132
.00270
.01652
.00969
00096
.00212
.00226
.01337
.00064
.00060
.00028
.00215
.00708
.00172
.00645
00148
.00078
.00211
.00026
.00096
.00044
.00444
.00082
.00005
.00394
00036
.00049
.00087
.00075
.00066
.02138
.07894
00197
01024
.00502
.01301
00010
02794
.01819
.00719
.11457
00365
02238
.00958

00093
.00128
00014
00016
01516
00012
12930
00366
1.02089
08529
02640
00073
00640
00004
00089
.00048
00789
01024
00007
00054
.00115
.00284
.00248
00029
.00109
.00075
.00276
.00032
.00022
.00013
.00062
.00183
.00064
.00201
00176
.00046
.00099
00011
.00056
.00042
.00334
.00076
.00003
.00274
00022
.00021
.00081
.00366
00090
.00667
.02330
00079
00647
.00192
.01323
00022
01179
.00639
.00273
.04974
00235
01636
.00646

(*)
00185
.00191
00026
.00081
00994
.00008
04206
.02959
.00053
00889
.02639
02005
.01038
00457
.00256
.00158
02150
.03754
00026
.01198
.00238
.01276
.01870
02836
.00176
.00283
.00974
.00060
.00135
.00026
.00143
.00135
.00223
.00366
00130
.00082
.00199
.00014
.00123
.00046
.00446
.00238
.00005
.00418
.00032
.00040
.00063
.00074
.00091
.01666
.05042
.00195
.00914
.00402
.01279
.00030
.02412
.01493
.00633
.13982
.00491
.02426
.01265

0

0

0

.00033
.00254
.00093
.00002
.00175
.00021
.00013
.00037
.00071
.00076
.00385
.01535
.00056
.0060
.00157
.00854
.00075
.00767
.00421
.00215
.04735
.00471
.01744
.00762

.00037
.00374
.00131
.00004
.00305
.00028
.00030
.00056
.00069
.00082
.01185
.03521
.00150
.00813
.00336
.01067
.00010
.04119
.02035
.00637
.10399
.00330
.02057
.00956

20294
1 02479
00165
00067
00826
00009
01895
00756
.00041
00476
.16728
00694
29402
00024
00776
.00163
02001
.03251
00026
00409
.00311
.00750
.00539
00153
.00212
.00134
.00507
.00064
.00076
.00029
.00145
.01540
.00166
.00587
00159
.00080
.00231
.00021
.00093
.00048
.00452
.00097
.00004
.00337
00032
.00037
.00076
.00078
.00080
.01446
.04781
.00225
00916
.00411
.01364
.00016
.03376
.02419
.00807
.10586
00354
.02391
.00993

.05973
00592
.00386
.00953
.01772
.04826
.04235
.00632
.01484
00720
.00513
.00315
.00371
.00154
.00687
.00163

.02786
00528
.00262
.00680
.02071
.03152
.10790
.00550
.00860
01536
.00003
.00285
.00385
.00078
.00332
.00037

.04086
00570
00967
.01047
.02244
.04559
.01290
.00652
.01396
00279
.00041
.00317
.00329
.00099
.00715
.00057

.03652
00687
00850
.01275
.02848
.04928
.02181
.00756
.01606
00408
.00023
.00367
.00420
.00124
.00833
.00295

.04432
00747
00648
.01023
.02029
.11462
.02608
.00876
.01243
00518
.00018
.00360
.00461
.00119
.00625
.00051

.04146
00631
00524
.00901
.01988
.04468
.01592
.00742
.01143
00310
.00019
.00849
.00412
.00106
.00539
.00067

.03296
00596
00375
.00919
.01801
.04454
.01411
.00683
.01405
00332
D0016
.00541
.00351
.00104
.00454
.00111

.03307
00596
00356
.00916
.02131
.04848
.02072
.00701
.01143
00375
.00008
.00419
.00414
.00110
.00544
.00411

.02950
00597
00552
.01234
.01774
.04604
.01654
.00653
.01705
00357
.00010
.00387
.00337
.00206
.00660
.00870

.03061
00648
00513
.01202
.01650
.04765
.01351
.00707
.01752
00326
.00008
.00325
.00352
.00139
.00615
.00458

.04988
00470
00239
.00983
.02185
.06508
.03125
.00498
.00954
00544
.00003
.00261
.00885
.00074
.00486
.00112

2.69314

1.72148

2.45202

2.53155

2.67441

2.37863

2.3897

2.18865

2.25947

2.4467

1.75444

.00092

.00084

.00068

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

J5

Total Requirements, 1996—Continued
of delivery to final demand, at producers' prices]
Other
printing and
publishing

Industrial
and other
chemicals

Agricultural
fertilizers
and
chemicals

Plastics and
synthetic
materials

Drugs

Cleaning
and toilet
preparations

Paints
and allied
products

Petroleum
refining
and
related
products

Rubber
and
miscellaneous
plastics
products

26B

27A

27B

28

29A

29B

30

31

32

Footwear,
leather, Glass and Stone and
and
glass
clay
leather
products products
products
33+34

Primary
iron and
steel
manufacturing

Heating,
Primary
plumbing,
nonferrous
and fabricated
Metal
metals
structural
containers
manumetal
facturing
products

35

36

37

38

39

40

Screw
Other
Commachine
products fabricated modity
metal
number
and
stampings products
41

42

.00103
.00164
.00227
.00165
.00083
.00198
.01665
.00149

.00519
.01104
.00162
.00280
.01345
.00472
.15895
.01235

.00570
.00617
.0020
.00252
.00401
.00413
.16863
.04633

.00349
.01144
.00167
.00266
.00601
.00452
.08861
.00617

.00273
.00589
.00153
.00213
.00086
.00167
.01503
.00112

.00632
.00610
.00193
.00238
.00267
.00226
.04412
.00291

.00435
.00626
.00178
.00217
.00625
.00270
.05967
.00480

.00084
.00141
.00078
.00204
.00150
.00243
.78785
.00429

.00204
.00545
.01187
.00415
.00260
.00324
.03661
.00269

.04028
.03796
.00258
.00616
.00156
.00249
.03011
.00175

.00084
.00149
.00309
.00208
.00265
.00789
.03348
.01336

.00085
.00172
.00138
.00168
.00189
.00822
.04010
.06396

.00065
.00107
.00099
.00164
.03849
.02093
.03426
.00526

.00079
.00154
.00169
.00194
.05966
.00457
.02803
.0020

.00107
.00169
.00132
.00188
.03141
.00738
.03145
.00242

.00066
.00106
.00117
.00142
.01323
.00526
.01964
.00175

.00066
.00105
.00095
.00137
.01274
.00658
.02054
.00212

.00072
.00126
.00129
.00150
.01082
.00508
.02116
.00177

.01811
.00001
.00398

.03326
.00002
.02652

.03297
.00002
.00857

.01931
.00002
.01004

.02186
.00002
.02078

.02253
.00001
.01795

.05250
.00001
.00335

.02433
.00001
.00517

.02571
.00001
.17970

.02382
.00001
.00289

.02287
.00001
.00303

.02746
.00002
.00253

.02444
.00002
.00295

.02866
.00002
.00409

.01764
.00002
.00255

.02685
.00002
.00262

.01995
.00002
.00270

.00237
.00226
.00019
.00019
.02198
.00010
.19270
.00885
.00219
1.11528
.04877
.00111
.01214
.00007
.00129
.00073
.01028
.02631
.00015
.00083
.00151
.00493
.00443
.00047
.00138
.00110
.00383
.00040
.00032
.00017
.00105
.00578
.00092
.00349
.00171
.00051
.00138
.00014
.00065
.00043
.00392
.00064
.00003
.00270
.00026
.00024
.00161
.00741
.00176
.00917
.03637
.00103
.00759
.00263
.01151
.00014
.01699
.01021
.00395
.07134
.00245
.01772
.00719

.03428
.00002
.01227
.00001
.00097
.00063
.00022
.00027
.00731
.00008
.01481
.00889
.00044
.00464
1.31391
.01472
.01789
.00104
.00331
.00689
.03956
.02505
.00007
.00263
.00441
.01594
.01027
.00724
.00256
.00166
.01230
.00088
.00208
.00073
.00161
.00851
.00216
.00794
.00168
.00131
.00352
.00017
.00124
.00047
.00473
.00088
.00004
.00335
.00033
.00040
.00178
.00091
.00073
.01526
.04667
.00265
.00807
.00737
.01217
.00013
.03550
.04622
.01267
.10509
.00401
.02348
.00919

00077
!00056
.00021
.00025
.00636
.00008
.01427
.00902
.00045
.00929
.17506
1.1216
.00810
.00186
.00643
.00189
.03011
.02198
.00007
.00235
.00422
.01083
.00728
.00635
.00236
.00139
.00799
.00091
.00240
.00092
.00101
.00191
.00241
.00397
.00161
.00087
.00229
.00017
.00129
.00046
.00414
.00091
.00005
.0040
.00029
.00048
.00120
.00081
.00069
.01927
.08460
.00269
.00797
.00606
.01235
.00019
.02908
.06205
.01096
.09763
.00439
.02627
.00966

.013$
.00119
.00052
.00030
.00760
.00008
.02522
.00933
.00041
.00461
.43499
.01254
1.05404
.00043
.00726
.00366
.02571
.05392
.00009
.00252
.00325
.00974
.00642
.00355
.00217
.00142
.00756
.00070
.00114
.00042
.00163
.00455
.00197
.00650
.00170
.0010
.00242
.00018
.00112
.00050
.00446
.00085
.00004
.00334
.00031
.00040
.00113
.00084
.00072
.01578
.04788
.00260
.00847
.00529
.01464
.00013
.03670
.03679
.01177
.10580
.00390
.02454
.00923

.00097
.00084
.00021
.00025
.00535
.00007
.02166
.01714
.00082
.01591
.04808
.00170
.00805
1.11953
.00182
.00074
.00829
.03393
.00007
.00498
.00167
.00419
.00377
.00212
.00124
.00203
.00348
.00032
.00030
.00020
.00071
.00099
.00152
.00234
.00144
.00053
.00131
.00010
.00081
.00052
.00464
.00063
.00002
.00194
.00028
.00020
.00090
.00104
.00121
.00547
.01576
.00073
.00808
.00195
.01376
.00061
.01550
.00878
.00451
.10183
.00269
.02156
.00710

.00211
.00172
.00027
.00036
.00905
.00008
.03926
.04501
.00073
.01206
.16161
.00319
.02013
.00288
1.05863
.00227
.02831
.08472
.00010
.00674
.00235
.00991
.01081
.01297
.00151
.00280
.00785
.00048
.00057
.00027
.00133
.00231
.00129
.00455
.00139
.00093
.00228
.00012
.00125
.00048
.00412
.00073
.00003
.00258
.00031
.00033
.00085
.00098
.00095
.01195
.03531
.00180
.00842
.00379
.01362
.00056
.01858
.01532
.00620
.10381
.00554
.02308
.00862

.00221
.00048
.00023
.00023
.00499
.00007
.01094
.00480
.00037
.00512
.31538
.00517
.13963
.00032
.00225
1.01912
.02932
.01626
.00006
.00190
.01583
.01521
.02216
.03525
.00154
.00143
.00616
.00059
.00085
.00035
.00130
.00259
.00152
.00401
.00127
.00070
.00206
.00012
.00090
.00041
.00403
.00071
.00004
.00297
.00028
.00054
.00110
.00093
.00063
.02435
.05286
.00285
.00790
.00483
.01234
.00017
.02198
.02017
.00947
.10572
.00284
.02345
.00875

.00054
.00035
.00016
.00026
.00706
.00007
.00571
.00280
.00029
.00346
.04090
.00108
.00315
.00006
.00368
.00101
1.11057
.00952
.00006
.0040
.00693
.01788
.00477
.00139
.00322
.00110
.00802
.00076
.00250
.00056
.00101
.00059
.00212
.00409
.00140
.00098
.00219
.00020
.00279
.00047
.00327
.00078
.00003
.00256
.00020
.00024
.00072
.00067
.00067
.00674
.01760
.00308
.00558
.03048
.01130
.00010
.02697
.07109
.00683
.07007
.00515
.02526
.00764

.01592
.01011
.00049
.00038
.01067
.00009
.02806
.01644
.00038
.00407
.15164
.00409
.19813
.00016
.00275
.00210
.01635
1.07524
.00021
.00906
.00394
.01628
.00822
.00127
.00234
.00443
.01161
.00083
.00061
.00030
.00331
.00637
.00187
.01107
.00144
.00075
.00251
.00015
.00136
.00041
.00455
.00090
.00004
.00299
.00034
.00034
.00079
.00076
.00081
.01267
.05474
.00228
.0080
.00395
.01204
.00011
.03188
.01833
.00641
.08879
.00380
.02216
.00857

.05138
.02742
.00342
.00076
.00712
.00009
.02616
.01198
.00047
.00687
.09141
.00517
.03076
.00083
.00596
.00124
.01945
.05469
1.34507
.00337
.00261
.00920
.00783
.00519
.00165
.00203
.01275
.00048
.00061
.00024
.00132
.00189
.00119
.00551
.00159
.00069
.00161
.00013
.00085
.00046
.00442
.00097
.00004
.00307
.00040
.00026
.00069
.00071
.00208
.00860
.04574
.00131
.01166
.00392
.01345
.00030
.02228
.0160
.01794
.12069
.00376
.02320
.01105

.00128
.00093
.00018
.00024
.02794
.00013
.02775
.04229
.00027
.00311
.06399
.00128
.00949
.00008
.00264
.00195
.01671
.03335
.00006
1.10579
.01706
.00985
.00748
.00058
.00198
.00279
.00444
.00069
.00110
.00040
.00654
.00262
.00148
.00969
.00129
.00081
.00536
.00020
.00121
.00037
.00366
.00062
.00004
.00320
.00024
.00044
.00112
.00061
.00058
.01897
.03339
.00222
.00681
.00304
.01069
.00009
.03645
.03075
.00547
.08009
.00512
.01877
.00759

.00493
.00050
.00019
.00037
.01287
.00009
.02020
.00577
.00037
.00325
.04451
.00102
.01160
.00006
.00298
.00224
.02527
.01648
.00006
.00391
1.12061
.02154
.00788
.00052
.00266
.00307
.01171
.00104
.00294
.00116
.00372
.00069
.00316
.00583
.00131
.00071
.00247
.00015
.00127
.00038
.00366
.00113
.00005
.00459
.00024
.00044
.00088
.00058
.00137
.01638
.09316
.0050
.00675
.00536
.01124
.00010
.03348
.03251
.00568
.06892
.00397
.01886
.00893

.00132
.00056
.00025
.00025
.01156
.00010
.00788
.00450
.00032
.00423
.03651
.00136
.02856
.00006
.00074
.00117
.01844
.02362
.00006
.01077
.00673
.03389
1.4461
.00060
.00270
.00304
.01680
.00107
.00203
.00089
.01677
.00260
.01171
.01076
.00159
.00067
.00811
.00015
.00182
.00046
.0070
.00113
.00005
.00366
.00038
.00041
.00081
.00071
.00064
.01661
.06368
.00207
.00953
.00419
.01236
.00009
.04795
.02029
.00704
.15955
.00295
.02215
.00930

JD.I2

.00060
.00031
.00030
.00979
.00011
.01510
.00729
.00043
.01259
.04617
.00129
.01848
.00008
.00082
.03255
.01991
.01778
.00008
.00490
.00906
.26067
.57474
1.09673
.00265
.00419
.03228
.00111
.00150
.00070
.01111
.00171
.01021
.01286
.00194
.00079
.00719
.00018
.00132
.00054
.00684
.00106
.00006
.00432
.00042
.00046
.00106
.00106
.00080
.01834
.06837
.00230
.01127
.00474
.01517
.00013
.04562
.02496
.00852
.19781
.00374
.02895
.01155

.oooS

.00026
.00025
.00925
.00010
.00648
.00271
.00034
.00547
.02903
.00080
.00444
.00005
.00064
.00132
.01926
.01116
.00007
.00118
.02201
1.23584
.04407
.00044
.0030
.00750
.02865
.00191
.00248
.00096
.01231
.00103
.02551
.01282
.00190
.00077
.01538
.00018
.00096
.00046
.00581
.00097
.00006
.00408
.00034
.00056
.00223
.00078
.00071
.02379
.05440
.00314
.00875
.00407
.01199
.00011
.04878
.03490
.01198
.14563
.00318
.02255
.00915

.00056
.00021
.00021
.00758
.00009
.00843
.00679
.00033
.00395
.02881
.00079
.00936
.00005
.00059
.00591
.01279
.02031
.00008
.00627
.00731
.22839
.13357
.00055
1.03844
.0170
.04417
.00119
.00086
.00041
.01142
.00085
.00945
.01211
.00136
.00115
.00731
.00013
.00080
.00043
.00511
.00078
.00010
.00308
.00036
.00036
.00307
.00072
.00069
.01088
.03946
.00136
.00783
.00289
.01164
.00011
.02460
.01557
.00537
.12154
.00275
.01966
.00780

.00093
.00065
.00024
.00048
.00760
.00030
.01065
.00817
.00035
.00452
.02258
.00072
.00944
.00004
.00070
.00355
.01315
.01501
.00008
.00254
.00924
.29378
.09120
.00052
.00312
1.01949
.03254
.00158
.00108
.00042
.02964
.00084
.01042
.03188
.00169
.00096
.00715
.00016
.00112
.00052
.00611
.00109
.00009
.00643
.00035
.00033
.00124
.00079
.00068
.01218
.04066
.00162
.00836
.00313
.01165
.00013
.03017
.01769
.01738
.12469
.00321
.02271
.00861

.00160
.00087
.00032
.00023
.00863
.00010
.01435
.00828
.00032
.00402
.03353
.00090
.01712
.00005
.00086
.00812
.01286
.03607
.00012
.00263
.00762
.16572
.09519
.00075
.00353
.02401
1.07284
.00180
.00082
.00036
.00877
.00099
.00651
.01553
.00153
.00069
.01045
.00013
.00086
.00044
.00573
.00080
.00004
.00285
.00054
.00027
.00105
.00067
.00072
.00990
.03559
.00142
.00772
.00279
.01167
.00013
.02776
.01740
.00628
.10918
.00285
.01964
.00769

.04471
.00520
.00313
.00932
.01463
.04314
.0190
.00563
.01205
.00374
.00004
,00341
.00473
.00098
.00598
.00175

.05842
.00614
.00481
.01226
.04519
.05091
.01856
.00663
.01481
.00390
.00013
.00359
.00374
.00134
.01740
.00134

.05780
.00629
.00508
.01299
.03485
.05662
.02596
.00662
.01762
.00459
.00016
.00426
.00351
.00123
.01023
.00114

.04389
.00648
.00586
.01374
.05093
.05189
.01817
.00698
.01642
.00402
.00010
.00563
.00368
.00123
.01449
.00094

.03193
.00639
.00281
.00947
.04661
.06240
.08717
.00727
.00898
.01265
.00007
.00983
.00351
.00065
.04476
.00051

.03884
.00635
.00350
.01012
.03426
.05437
.08065
.00684
.01168
.01209
.00015
.00545
.00425
.0010
.01885
.00124

.03460
.00630
.00344
.00971
.03329
.04199
.02422
.00670
.01264
.00491
.00012
.00326
.00341
.00084
.01338
.00162

.18119
.00479
.00355
.01144
.03601
.03973
.01295
.00554
.01050
.00307
.00003
.00372
.00329
.00065
.01239
.0010

.03497
.00599
.00462
.01134
.02606
.04563
.01566
.00666
.01446
.00346
.00007
.00656
.00334
.00092
.00862
.00138

.03822
.00666
.0040
.01390
.01891
.04594
.04283
.00815
.01292
.00647
.00086
.00285
.00509
.00209
.00615
.0010

.02766
.00537
.00475
.01101
.01588
.04103
.01223
.00625
.01355
.00254
.00003
.00247
.00313
.00074
.00623
.00555

.03122
.00515
.00465
.01065
.01766
.04216
.01311
.00573
.01639
.00272
.00006
.00255
.00295
.00093
.00740
.00141

.03037
.00603
.00712
.01604
.01906
.05421
.01457
.00676
.01932
.00328
.00004
.00309
.00395
.00114
.00701
.05030

.03101
.00642
.00493
.01195
.01826
.04776
.01240
.00724
.01576
.00298
.00004
.00366
.00373
.00110
.00912
.05682

.03781
.00861
.00685
.01562
.02259
.06043
.01718
.00946
.02070
.00451
.00005
.00520
.00434
.00131
.00827
.03246

.02990
.00580
.00368
.01016
.01644
.05294
.01447
.00671
.01202
.00296
.00003
.00313
.00341
.00091
.00634
.01604

.03056
.00609
.00539
.01290
.02203
.05416
.01764
.00709
.01561
.00373
.00003
.00499
.00380
.00093
.00609
.01532

.02848
.00565
.00423
.01110
.01829
.04585
.01740
.00652
.01294
.00326
.00003
.00303
.00333
.00098
.00575
.01246

1.92632

2.39751

2.40531

2.46165

1.93451

2.2132

2.31094

2.74163

2.19859

2.60833

1.93535

1.98322

2.28581

2.47409

3.04547

2.16591

2.24022

2.08776




n

«£
.00052

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85

j6

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

• January 2000

Table 4.—Commodity-by-Commodity
[Total requirements, direct and indirect, per dollar

Commodity
number

Each entry represents the output required, directly and indirectly,
of the commodity named at the beginning of the row for each dollar
of delivery to final demand of the commodity named at the head of the column

Engines
and
turbines

Farm,
construction,
and

machinery
Commodity number

1 Livestock and livestock products
2 Other agricultural products
3 Forestry and fishery products
4 Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
5+6
7
8

9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28

Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction .
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
,
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products

29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36 Stone and clay products
37 Primary iron and steel manufacturing
38 Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
39 Metal containers
40 Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
41 Screw machine products and stampings
42 Other fabricated metal products
43 Engines and turbines
44+45 Farm, construction, and mining machinery
46 Materials handling machinery and equipment
47 Metalworking machinery and equipment
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

59A
59B
60

61
62
63
64
65A
65B

65C
65D
65E

66
67
68A
68B

68C

Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting

Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services

Wholesale trade
Retail trade
70A
70B

71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B

7X
73D
74
75

76
77A
77B
78

79
80

81
82
83
84

Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software .
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical

Automotive repair and services
Amusements

Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total commodity output multiplier

* Less than .000005.




43

44+45

Materials
handling
machinery
and
equipment

Metalworking
machinery
and
equipment

Special
industry
machinery
and
equipment

General
industrial
machinery
and
equipment

Miscellaneous
machinery,
except
electrical

Computer
and office
equipment

Service
industry
machinery

Electrical
industrial
equipment
and
apparatus

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

.00083
.00134
.00108
.00222
.00303
.00220
.01317
.0010

.00073
.00118
.00137
.00150
.00832
.00335
.01596
.00155

.00066
.00112
.00113
.00178
.00796
.00315
.01846
.00291

.00101
.00196
.00212
.00204
.00774
.00381
.02331
.00358

.03070
.00002
.00334

.02057
.00006
.00274

.01867
.00001
.00255

.02195
.00002
.00359

.00133
.00105
.00027
.00022
.00976
.00010
.01433
.00725
.00036
.00419
.02170

.00$

.01744
1.06819
.00112
.00048
.00725
.00010
.00091
.00036
.00748
.00152
.00007
.00230
.00071
.00021
.00079
.00074
.00043
.00639
.02385
.00087
.00691
.00202
.00935
.00011
.02117
.01071
.00358
.07641
.00192
.01678
.00645

.00109
.00070
.00033
.00030
.00682
.00033
.01344
.00851
.00073
.00684
.02133
.00090
.01109
.00006
.00085
.00151
.00987
.03703
.00008
.00556
.00407
.02301
.04796
.00046
.01292
.01754
.02536
.00087
.00040
.00035
.00390
.00122
.00229
.00960
1.19819
.00074
.03354
.00015
.00343
.01293
.48987
.00122
.00005
.00312
.00052
.00022
.00342
.00146
.00083
.00625
.01843
.00083
.01443
.00270
.02075
.00024
.02312
.00833
.00428
.22541
.00342
.03125
.01059

.00062
.00102
.00085
.00163
.00956
.00481
.01624
.00172

.00063
.00106
.00134
.00156
.00720
.00411
.01595
.00135

.00062
.0010
.00116
.00143
.00798
.00408
.01672
.00135

.02097
.00002
.00249

.01780
.00001
.00247

.01766
.00005
.00248

.00116
.00093
.00072
.00033
.00558
.00017
.00703

.00126
.00104
.00024
.00026
.00833
.00012
.00692
.00343
.00032
.00404
.01822
.00071
.01252
.00004
.00053
.00483
.01084
.05304
.00006
.00176
.00654
.16790
.03891
.00045
.04505
.02091
.03022
.05735
1.01962

.00028
.00384
.01510
.00063
.00876
.00004
.00053
.00286
.01136
.02690
.00006
.00159
.01169
.20353
.07699
.00037
.01598
.04426
.04945
1.06494
.00081
.00035
.00952
.00066
.02601
.00196
.00071
.05060
.00013
.00095
.00080
.01223
.01363
.00037
.00708
.00693
.00031
.00402
.00070
.00055
.00805
.04066
.00119
.01046
.00307
.01125
.00010
.02380
.01319
.00584
.11691
.00256
.02113
.00813

.00833
.00085
.03788
.04135
.00143
.00058
.01624
.00013
.0010
.00044
.00614
.00708
.00016
.00502
.00068
.00032

.0010
.00067
.00098
.00771
.03652
.00118
.00868
.00275
.01157
.00013
.02105
.01249
.00466
.12170
.00236
.02011
.00795

.00057
.00093
.00118
.00132
.00654
.00342
.01452
.00238

.00063
.00101
.00133
.00152
.00685
.00314
.01412
.00124

.00065
.00117
.00108
.00157
.00630
.00344
.01501
.00126

.00048
.00079
.00060
.00132
.00751
.00323
.01273
.00111

.01709
.00002
.00224

.01802
.00002
.00251

.01681
.00002
.00239

.0170
.00002
.00191

.00119
.00126
.00025
.00024
.00873
.00013
.00774
.00360
.00032
.00445
.01503
.00066
.00912
.00004
.00055
.00287
.01262
.03197
.00006
.00151
.00718
.17324
.06278
.00040
.02161
.03746
.03750
.01270
.00101
1.02033
.00944
.00159
.07730
.04416
.00151
.00078
.04352
.00013
.00084
.00058
.00863
.00472
.00019
.00373
.00056
.00034
.00122
.00073
.00159
.00784
.03342
.00111
.00951
.00275
.01328
.00013
.02058
.01253
.00453
.15523
.00246
.02028

.00071
.00028
.00020
.00892
.00009
.00724
.00469
.00028
.00331
.01916
.00062
.00897
.00004
.00046
.00287
.01010
.01825
.00004
.00133
.01329
.11681
.05311
.00035
.01198
.01277
.02028
.00141
.00066
.00032
1.04971
.00107
.01501
.03995
.00123
.00051
.02858
.00011
.00098
.00040
.00552
.00196
.00006
.00280
.00043
.00020
.00116
.00064
.00059
.00647
.02794
.00098
.00767
,00227
.01134
.00011
.02070
.01099
.00397
.08986
.00205
.01715
.00690

.00095
.00039
.00021
.01082
.00009
.01552
.00378
.00035
.00402
.01525
.00066
.00919
.00004
.00054
.00113
.01031
.02951
.00006
.00221
.00723
.10457
.08517
.00033
.01793
.01456
.03871
.00581
.00054
.00079
.01216
1.06543
.03275
.05315
.00285
.00090
.05207
.00011
.00084
.00052
.01267
.00180
.00004
.00238
.00042
.00021
.00106
.00072
.00058
.00663
.02767
.00094
.00885
.00238
.01361
.00013
.02001
.01050
.00388
.12620
.00230
.01888
.00725

.00734
.00025
.00020

.00212
.00015
.00016
.00451
.00006
.00574
.00373
.00034
.00311
.01021
.00047
.00609
.00003
.00037
.00116
.00880
.01231
.00004
.00146
.00708
.10828
.10129
.00023
.00618
.01299
.02391
.00225
.00058
.00026
.01651

O
.00008
.01245
.00591
.00028
.00379
.01511
.00070
.01237
.00004
.00057
.00154
.01072
.03651
.00005
.00140
.00786
.11851
.06162
.00032
.01556
.01495
.02312
.00761
.00062
.00055
.00949
.00121
1.08376
.04562
.00141
.00097
.04743
.00011
.00078
.00045
.00878
.00155
.00006
.00269
.00052
.00020
.00149
.00067
.00059
.00656
.02644
.00093
.00834
.00232
.01262
.00013
.02151
.01159
.00423
.10980
.00226
.01857
.00729

.02539
.00626
.00420
.01222
.01545
.04490
.01361
.00713
.01274
.00312
.00003
.00326
.00339
.00092
.00677
.01122

02358
.00584
.00371
.01083
.01861
.04254
.01727
.00672
.01173
.00360
.00003
.00272
.00372
.00076
.00743

.02769
.00592
.00342
.00970
.02050
.04488
.01806
.00684
.01114
.00341
.00003
.00266
.00375
.00096
.00855
.00947

.02561
.00515
.00297
.00846
.01726
.03773
.01451
.00631
.00991
.00274
.00003
.00253
.00283
.00079
.00494
.00737

.02932
.00574
.00312
.00908
.02019
.04181
.01764
.00685
.010
.00348
.00003
.00251
.00375
.00072
.00813
.00766

.00972
.01755
.04182
.01828
.00654
.01088
.00332
.00003
.00260
.00325
.00082
.00815
.00756

.02714
.00494
.00291
.00756
.01651
.04153
.01505
.00564
.00913
.00307
.00002
.00226
.00248
.00080
.00530
.00840

2.25397

2.12622

2.20202

1.87818

2.0920

2.02299

1.83798

.02412
.00547

Household
appliances

.01692
.00005
.00105
.00460
.01097
.04237
.00006
.00225
.01108
.10496
.11910
.00049
.01082
.03982
.03168
.00308
.00060
.00033
.01020
.00104
.02612
.03637
.00179
1.08008
.06925
.00013
.00804
.00059
.00987
.00091
.00009
.00345
.00054
.00023
.01935
.00075
.00141
.00779
.03138
.00109
.00936
.00267
.01233
.00014
.02177
.01178
.00686
.12724
.0030
.02186
.00823

.00085
.00022
.00022
.00706
.00012
.01424
.00607
.00039
.00417
.01980
.00076
.01472
.00004
.00130
.00348
.01464
.04063
.00005
.00228
.03706
.08466
.09692
.00044
.00785
.02501
.01610
.01302
.00064
.00035
.00632
.00083
.00962
.01631
.00294
.00062
1.08751
.00013
.00316
.00073
.04042
.00150
.00012
.00282
.00041
.00033
.00379
.00078
.00065
.00825
.02906
.00126
.00875
.00260
.01309
.00016
.02223
.01223
.00431
.12393
.00288
.02175
.00755

.00183
.00030
.00027
.00922
.00035
.03137
.01503
.00046
.00589
.05075
.00147
.05366
.00009
.0020
.00939
.01520
.10807
.00009
.00481
.01176
.11374
.09039
.00087
.00344
.03678
.03022
.00140
.00071
.00037
.00684
.00160
.00948
.01063
.00260
.02613
.05663
1.00127
.01578
.00153
.03205
.00099
.00004
.00290
.00044
.00028
.03938
.00079
.00153
.01001
.04242
.00155
.01036
.00336
.01450
.00026
.02527
.01477
.00528
.14017
.00451
.02367
.00927

.0490
.00867
.00429
.02705
.03552
.06721
.03331
.00910
.01317
.00676
.00003
.00585
.00470
.00091
.07254
.00301

.02552
.00607
.00360
.01127
.01854
.04250
.01942
.00703
.01138
.00395
.00003
.00454
.00306
.00080
.00635
.00893

.02754
.00571
.00356
.00961
.01651
.04452
.02146
.00671
.01090
.00385
.00003
.00294
.00349
.00074
.01284
.00725

.02924
.00678
.00380
.01048
.02021
.04788
.03727
.00782
.01291
.00605
.00004
.00475
.00531
.00106
.00901
.00831

2.79708

2.2276

2.08742

2.40135

January 2000 • "JJ

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Total Requirements, 1996—Continued
of delivery to final demand, at producers' prices]

Electric
lighting and.
wiring
equipment

Audio,
Electronic
video, and
comoonents
communiand
accessories
equipment

57

Miscellaneous
electrical
machinery
and
supplies

Motor
vehicles
(passenger
trucks)

Truck and
bus bodies,
trailers, and
motor
vehicles
parts

Aircraft
and parts

Other
transportation
equipment

Scientific
and
controlling
instruments

Ophthalmic
and photographic
equipment

Miscellaneous
manufacturing

59B

60

61

62

63

64

Railroads
Motor
and related
freight
services;
transporpassenger
tation and
ground
waretransportation housing

65A

Water
transportation

Air
transportation

Pipelines,
freight
forwarders,
and
related
services

Communications,
except
radio
and TV

Radio
and TV
broadcasting

65B

65C

65D

65E

66

67

55

56

.00075
.00137
.00127
.00157
.00668
.00313
.01839
.00197

.00072
.00124
.00111
.00181
.00377
.00196
.01156
.00087

.00075
.00133
.0010
.00248
.00371
.00251
.01426
.00122

.00088
.00163
.00170
.00235
.00624
.00276
.01767
.00136

.00131
.00351
.00202
.00208
.00690
:00356
.02108
.00166

.00083
.00148
.00145
.00181
.01409
.00477
.02017
.00178

.00061
.00122
:00077
.00169
.00390
.00182
.01042
.00085

.00074
.00144
.00340
.00206
.00550
.00317
.01518
.00119

.00078
.00165
.00097
.00162
.00279
.00204
.01037
.00088

.00071
.00123
.00110
.00132
.00147
.00210
.01389
.00104

.00158
.00432
.00340
.00196
.00459
.00208
.01804
.00135

.00049
.00089
.00096
.00143
.00107
.00217
.05362
.00141

.00053
.00077
.00063
.00093
.00055
.00130
.04987
.00062

.00110
.00155
.00075
.00127
.00082
.00201
.02617
.00066

.00162
.00167
.00058
.0010
.00043
.00112
.07520
.00068

.00050
.00079
.00113
.00102
.00035
.00137
.01497
.00047

.00049
.00084
.00071
.00122
.00049
.00083
.00591
.00076

.00201
.00355
.00057
.00275
.00030
.00148
.00759
.00051

.01855
.00001
.00281

.02466
.00006
.00280

.03386
.00002
.00280

.02243
.00004
.00324

.02444
.00002
.00401

.02573
.00002
.00317

.01899
.00066
.00229

.01621
.00001
.00258

.01795
:00014
.00273

.01680
.00001
.00265

.01584
.00001
.00494

.07329
.00001
.00193

.02002
.00002
.00225

.02334
.00005
.00480

.01885
.00004
.00778

.02423
.00013
.00201

.05264
.00002
.00195

.02453
.00012
.00677

.00184
.00167
.00094
.00118
.00024
,00023
.00021
.00024
.00711
.00709
.00014
.01042
.02155
.01373
.01734
.00631
.00046
.00048
.00482
.00463
.02017
.03056
.00102
.00078
.03712
.01425
.00005
.00005
.00094
.00209
.00153
.00130
.00824
.01218
.04560
.03901
.00006
.00008
.02764
,00472
.00311
.01316
.06927
.02646
.09582
.04770
.00037
.00045
.00219
.01036
.01878
03363
.02522
.02791
.00124
.00055
.00037
.00062
.00030
.00025
.00672
.00388
.00109
.00104
.00245
.00360
.01067
,00932
.00207
.01527
.00089
.00070
.00793
.03358
.00013
.00011
.00887
1,03152
.00071
1.04019
.38232
.02111
00094
.00562
.00004
.00011
.00342
00256
.00031 - .00069
.00019
00022
.00126
.00912
.00097
.00073
.00064
.00283
.00575
.00780
.03237
.01882
.00075
.00111 '
.00807
.01049
.00261
.00220
.01207
.01625
.00016
.000P1
.01932
.02276
.00749
.01296
00477
.00352
.12134
,13683
,00408
.00298
.020
.02484
.00864
.00780

0010
.00068
.00025
.00024
,00665
.00037
.01150
.00548
.00056
.00497
.03382
,00096
.01180
.00006
.00074
.00119
.00915
,02986
.00007
.01154
.00407
.02671
.05859
.00042
.00735
,01558
.04673
.00062
.00044
.00026
.00495
.00192
.00212
.01259
,02722
.00077
.00719
.00017
.00343
.00392
1.30356
.00093
,00007
.00312
.00038
,00022
,00687
00103
,00068
.00686
.01935
.00090
,010
.00227
.01542
.00019
.02633
.00935
.00428
.12932
,00317
.02491
.00873

0020
.00209
.00030
.00134
.00990
.00149
.01249
.00876
.00051
.00602
.030
.00099
.02086
.00006
.00079
.00743
,01380
.0460
.00012
.00387
.00951
.15352
.14761
.00065
.01716
.05593
.03041
.00516
.00089
.00051
.00946
.00110
.02576
.05954
.0030
.00483
.00712
.00016
.00230
.00096
.06028
.02072
.00787
1.1176
.00064
.00034
.00194
.0010
.00081
.01130
.04279
.00149
.01211
.00349
.01321
.00024
.02889
.01466
.00852
.14820
.00329
.02609
.00980

00312
!00133
.00032
.00148
.00448
.00078
.00582
.00272
.00030
.00337
.01366
.00064
.01249
.00006
.00046
.00257
.00822
.02988
.00010
.00210
.00542
.02944
.05616
.00033
.00581
.01417
.02677
.00065
.00034
.00018
.01515
.00063
.00554
.02189
.00495
.00045
.00542
.00010
.00103
.01001
.04571
.00112
.00004
.00209
1.22098
.00015
.09215
, .00073
.00061
.00468
.01784
.00067
.01337
.00233
.00980
.00010
.01530
.00643
.00386
.07442
.00193
.02107
.00675

.00321
.00342
.00037
.0050
.03538
.00151
.00680
.00349
.00030
.00360
.01799
.00088
.01553
.00004
.00056
.00661
.01152
.03837
.00019
.00828
.00591
.10726
.04644
.00050
.02617
,01811
.02943
.05387
.00134
.00035
.00536
.00071
.03143
.01878
.00143
.00395
.03880
.00482
.00425
.00103
.00981
.00546
.02587
.03923
.00093
1.03393
.00615
.00058
.00064
.00752
.03288
.00103
.00877
.00260
.01039
.00011
.01821
.01041
.00468
.10846
.00228
.01897
.00771

.00620
.00055
.00022
.00619
.00062
.01362
.00761
.00043
.00438
.01864
.00074
.01612
.00032
.00088
.00119
.00738
.03380
.00009
:00713
.00383
.02861
.03646
.00049
.00989
.01798
.02542
.00060
.00032
.00019
.00385
.00087
.00258
.00956
.01817
.00049
,01692
.00010
.00391
.00784
.14059
.00126
.00003
.00195
.00164
.00017
1.03379
.00101
.00069
.00484
.01701
.00069
.00788
.00181
.01326
.00018
.01642
.00655
-00308
.08788
.00234
.01934
,00688

00114
!00092
.00017
.00016
.00754
.00008
.04624
.01348
.00075
.00389
.04213
.00096
.02244
.00016
.00129
.00069
.00808
.03568
.00005
.00856
.00222
.01136
.01580
.00042
.00207
.01138
.00795
.00040
.00030
.00018
.00278
.0010
.00135
.00796
.00518
.00048
.00746
.00009
.00094
.00076
.05106
.00106
.00003
.00195
.00024
.00019
.00780
1.03839
.00049
.00651
.01902
.00094
.00658
.00188
.01248
.00016
.01369
.00853
.00336
.08696
.00251
.01912
.00659

.01696
.00190
.00517
.00122
.02613
.00090
.02527
.01971
.00060
.00683
.04054
.00150
.04022
.00009
.00168
.00608
.01231
.04634
.00139
.00232
.00538
.03406
.06925
.00072
.00480
.00527
.01681
.00078
.00043
.00026
.00440
.00117
.00265
.01204
.00301
.00058
.00694
.00016
.00102
.00066
.01501
.00094
.00015
.00248
.00028
.00036
.00060
.00088
1.05972
.00701
.02899
.00114
.00707
.00241
.01173
.00030
.01751
.01026
.00367
.12081
.00325
.01837
.00749

.000^
.00050
.00067
.00035
.00939
.00012
.00504
.00163
.00047
.00607
.01115
.00067
.00332
.00003
.00056
.00114
.06773
.01150
.00006
.00231
.00456
.01903
.00756
.00026
.00448
.00237
.00967
.00524
.00065
.00017
.00237
.00034
.00840
.00601
.00211
.00189
.00985
.00032
.00201
.00065
.00556
.00260
.00055
.01139
.00027
.01864
.00071
.00067
.00086
1.04324
.01756
.00156
.00672
.01076
.01506
.00008
.01136
.01132
.00512
.05613
.00771
.02450
.01081

.00047
.00021
.00043
.00423
.00018
.00544
.00244
.00058
.00603
.00905
.00042
.00465
.00004
.00056
.00102
.06579
.02050
.00007
.00115
.00168
.00611
.00463
.00025
.00141
.00214
.00697
.00151
.00032
.00018
.00084
.00039
.00171
.00290
.00161
.00098
.00328
.00010
.00119
.00068
.00470
.00257
.00015
.01470
.00049
.00041
.00079
.00103
.00076
.00490
1.23251
.00867
.01419
.04293
.02525
.00010
.01424
.00821
.01854
.05592
.00786
.02650
.02272

00253
!(X)114
.0030
.00371
.00551
.00009
.00772
.00177
.00175
.00752
.00862
.00059
.00405
.00004
.00054
.00176
.03023
.01002
.00020
.00122
.00226
.01121
.00858
.00029
.00264
.00208
.01332
.01313
.00041
.00017
.00757
.00056
.01723
.00874
.00219
.00084
.00425
.00029
.00078
.00047
.00444
.00227
.00045
.00249
.00029
.01714
.00070
.00119
.00270
.00329
.01228
1.22393
.00575
.05762
.01229
.00035
.01352
.00770
.00390
.03775
.00251
.05049
.00801

00050
!00024
.00023
.00049
.00390
.00008
.00521
.00151
.00050
.00544
.00691
.00047
.00173
.00004
.00060
.00044
.10224
.00505
.00007
.00085
.00170
.00449
.00395
.00035
.00128
.00148
.00388
.00042
.00039
.00012
.00113
.00028
.00129
.00360
.00364
.00055
.00151
.00013
.00072
.00090
.00863
.00130
.00002
.00166
.03525
.00017
.00318
.00079
.00093
.00340
.00939
.00142
1.06469
.09248
.02212
.00016
.01034
.00933
.00339
.03521
.00205
.0290
.00819

.00111
.00044
.00021
.00231
.01186
.00012
.00920
.00375
.00096
.01178
.00534
.00036
.00277
.00002
.00035
.00046
.01061
.00915
.00016
.0010
.00153
.00404
.00360
.00013
.00160
.00117
.00537
.00140
.00022
.00010
.00055
.00039
.00487
.00308
.00957
.00066
.00262
.00014
.00067
.00138
.01246
.00355
.00003
.00304
.00035
.00024
.00049
.00172
.00152
.00298
.01335
.00220
.00966
1.02579
.04327
.00026
.01679
.00350
.00273
.92703
.00267
.04135
.01294

!6(X)64

.00142
.00026
.00026
.00847
.00031
.02011
.01612
.00055
.00474
.03836
.00121
.03350
.00006
.00108
.00132
.01135
.08517
.00007
.00334
.00473
.04722
.09414
.00050
.00732
.01709
.03095
.00103
.00051
.00031
.00589
.00137
.00760
.01394
.01422
.00073
.02064
.00014
.00435
.00310
.15073
1.02739
.00031
.00650
.00047
.00026
.00681
.00122
.00067
.00777
.03192
.00109
.00952
.00273
.01318
.00016
.02451
.01153
.00640
.14353
.00337
.02352
.00858

01553
!01103
.00127
.02902
.01075
.0240
.01241
.00757
.00053
.00620
.03994
.00137
.03055
.00007
.00110
.01420
.0150
.09397
.00098
.01390
.00730
.08965
.06628
.00097
.00739
,10948
.03815
.01751
.00064
.00045
.00822
,00149
.01111
.03097
00331
.01757
.00677
.00016
.00719
.00899
.06640
.02389
1.0041
,33564
.00073
.00033
.01074
,00106
.00098
.01134
,04813
.00147
.01540
.00412
,01490
00019
.02441
.01311
.00745
,17332
.00384
.03254
01139

.00035
.00083
.00025
.00675
.00030
.00693
.00177
.00080
.00809
.00511
.00038
.00262
.00005
.00053
.00105
.00559
.00827
.00011
.00097
.00244
.00538
.00569
.00015
.00304
.00378
.00564
.00206
.00023
.00009
.00070
.00033
.00322
,00172
.00524
.00092
.00391
.00027
.00185
.02136
.04167
.00181
.00003
.00216
.00024
.00015
.00090
.00111
.00122
.00283
.00767
.00055
.00645
.00123
1.16841
.00085
.00889
.00302
.00287
.03054
.00347
.02214
.00748

.00107
.00033
.00078
.00042
.00455
.00011
.00875
.00184
.0010
.00738
.00589
.00166
.00193
.00009
.00054
.00060
.00692
.00505
.00046
.00063
.00136
.00284
.00314
.00025
.00147
.00106
.00276
.00037
.00024
.00010
.00053
.00037
.00063
.00148
!00349
.00088
.00245
.00018
.00112
.00212
.01318
.00350
.00004
.00276
.00024
.00047
.00071
,00173
.00210
.00321
.00881
.00051
.00670
.00138
.03234
1.02723
.01854
.00413
.00458
.02588
.00264
.02451
.01893

.03453
.00686
,00369
.01491
.02722
.05304
.02205
.00755
.01105
.00464
00003
.00443
.00442
.00071
.01584
,00334

,03651
,00678
.00506
.01632
.03324
.06103
.02657
.00738
.01330
.00522
.00003
.00526
.00376
00094
.01367
.00365

.03110
.00634
.00433
.01162
.01973
.05562
.02213
.00763
.01302
.00415
.00004
.00440
.00373
.00096
.02345
.00907

.03679
00822
.00559
.01279
.02888
05653
02709
.00908
.09225
.00562
00005
00949
00575
,00133
^222
00677

.03042
.00714
.00546
.01319
.02360
.05388
.03405
.00802
.01794
.00623
.00004
.00651
.00519
.00119
.01123
.01233

.02076
.00558
.00349
.01445
.02004
.04251
.01318
.00620
.00972
.00315
.00002
.00568
.00325
.00054
.00632
.00348

.03088
.00556
.00292
.00933
.01713
.03912
.01566
00657
.01205
.00302
,00003
.00304
.00295
.00082
.00562
.00626

.02692
.00534
.00272
.01071
.02349
.04976
.02443
.00614
.00845
.00442
.00003
.00426
.00341
.00069
.00850
.00282

.02158
.00494
.00232
.00875
.01311
.04630
.02194
.00564
.00793
.00416
.00003
.00607
.00291
.00054
.01485
.00151

.03049
.00499
.00292
.00797
.0180
.04256
.04299
.00607
;00973
.00647
.00005
.00556
.00464
.00083
.00706
.00429

.03809
.00411
.00231
.02174
.02304
.04659
.01099
.00534
.01674
.00257
.00002
.00571
.00367
.00292
.00717
.00117

.05409
.00633
.00290
.01345
.02164
.05489
.01180
.00671
.07432
.00347
.00048
.00264
.00488
.00248
.01065
.00072

.05685
.00405
.00285
.01895
.04235
.14466
.05012
.00447
.00618
.00758
.00004
.00851
.00456
.00095
,11876
.00089

.04630
.00464
.00518
.03887
.02796
.04037
.02203
.02026
.00618
.00467
.00004
.00359
.00360
.00075
.07949
.00040

.04855
.00498
.00406
.10574
.07019
.06554
.03444
.00539
.01098
.00628
.00002
.01279
.00775
.00063
.01361
,00042

.03654
.00513
.01057
.01970
.05074
.04895
.02545
.00530
.01083
.02414
.00002
.00409
.00618
.00052
.03657
.00052

,07750
.00556
.00811
.02056
.03814
.07272
.05248
.00601
.01282
.55398
.00025
.01244
.00593
.00080
.00441
-.0003

2.2846?

2.23658

2.26528

2.9575

2.55142

2.04204

2.13204

1.91333

1.76894

2.00069

1.80395

2.01981

2.19437

1.92476

1J8136

'"178623

"2.20254

n

-

.03099
,00581
.00323
.01031
.01850
.04288
.029*2
.00696
,0111-3
.00481
.00003
.00?79
.00345
.00090
.G1BS3
.0G713

2.08738 j




58

.ooS

59A

.oosS

.0008

Commodity

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11

12
13
14
15
16

17
18
19
20+21
22+23

24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B

72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85

j8

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 4.—Commodity-by-Commodity
[Total requirements, direct and indirect, per dollar

Commodity
number

Each entry represents the output required, directly and indirectly,
of the commodity named at the beginning of the row for each dollar
of delivery to final demand of the commodity named at the head of the column

Commodity number
1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8

9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28

29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58

59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A

65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction .
OdndncG sno L C
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs

Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, arid fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery ana equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Ajr transportation ....
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting

68A

Electric services (utilities)

68B
68C

Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade

Retail trade
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B

73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78

79
80
81
82
83
84

Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software .
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
Noncomparable imports
Scrap, used and secondhand goods
General government industry
Rest of the world adjustment to final uses
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total commodity output multiplier

* Less than .000005.




Electric
services
(utilities)

Gas
production
and
distribution
(utilities)

68A

68B

Water and
Wholesale
sanitary
trade
services

Finance

69B

68C

Retail
trade

70A

Insurance

Owneroccupied
dwellings

Real
tate ar
royalties

Hotels and
lodging
places

70B

71A

71B

72A

Personal
and

repair
services
(except
auto)
72B

.00045
.00089
.00096
.00146
.00055
.06876
.04024
.00138

.00049
.00113
.00136
.00222
.00093
.00215
.71328
.00202

.00059
.00136
.00188
.00306
.00110
.00683
.06408
.00243

.00079
.00116
.00091
.00147
.00039
.00110
.01094
.00043

.00057
.00052
.00215
.00026
.00192
.00958
.00044

.00041
.00057
.00031
.00097
.00016
.00093
.00542
.00024

.00055
.00073
.00039
.00122
.00022
.00066
.00477
.00027

.00036
.00140
.00048
.00960
.00014
.00016
.00208
.00069

.00048
.00139
.00072
.00713
.00024
.00126
.00723
.00097

.00147
.00250
.00081
.00602
.00032
.00327
.01448
.00091

.00075
.00149
.00064
.00161
.00063
.00154
.01219
.00056

.08791
.00001
.00180

.13741
.00001
.00181

.12552
.00002
.00199

.01386
.00002
.00345

.02170
.00002
.00231

.01126
.00002
.00174

.01282
.00002
.00238

.05005

.06708
.00001
.00128

.04311
.00003
.0060

.01817
.00002
.00267

.00075
.00035
.00035
.01996
.00016
.00534
.00211
.00041
.00440
.02655
.00167
.00468
.00006
.00076
.00184
.05238
.01634
.00006
.00172
.00871
.01128
.00929
.00035
.00678
.00290
.00863
.00141
.00146
.00023
.00120
.00047
.00226
.00772
.00150
.00409
.00531
.00043
.00328
.00109
.00669
.00283
.00021
.02453
.00029
.00084
.01316
.00081
.00108
.00729
.07120
.00521
.00751
.01314
.02252
.00008
.02518
.03861
1.03612
.05287
.01148
.02538
.01579

.00043
.00099
.00058
.00895
.00012
.01463
.00763
.00088
.01554
.00643
.00128
.00282
.00011
.00124
.00041
.01065
.00901
.00009
.00093
.00122
.00360
.00452
.00099
.00124
.00105
.00330
.00038
.00030
.00114
.00091
.00057
.00080
.00293
.00285
.00075
.00126
.00011
.00081
.00103
.01694
.00125
.00004
.00423
.00027
.00016
.00050
.00174
.00137
.00301
.01066
.00064
.00787
.00213
.02794
.00024
.01236
.00568
.00333
1.04486
.00392
.02055
.00742

.00057
.00040
.00019
.00023
.00453
.00012
.01586
.00270
.00063
.00598
.00482
.00049
.00228
.00002
.00062
.00044
.00919
.00707
.00045
.00046
.00126
.00280
.00245
.00013
.00131
.00082
.00291
.00067
.00023
.00011
.00049
.00043
.00061
.00167
.00159
.00071
.00098
.00014
.00099
.00056
.00353
.00112
.00005
.00539
.00019
.00015
.00047
.00093
.00121
.00293
.00864
.00068
.00532
.00131
.01742
.00039
.02398
.00532
.00482
.01646
1.00529
.02866
.00747

.00037
.00020
.00011
.00049
.00268
.00028
.00839
.00120
.00103
.01201
.00316
.00025
.00115
.00002
.00031
.00023
.00486
.00297
.00010
.00041
.00071
.00161
.00159
.00009
.00070
.00056
.00191
.00028
.00012
.00007
.00032
.00028
.00050
.00083
.00382
.00029
.00084
.00007
.00040
.00071
.00509
.00110
.00002
.00204
.00020
.00015
.00029
.00173
.00162
.00247
.01565
.00121
.0060
.00142
.02465
.00018
.00742
.00338

.00246
.00010
.00343
.00064
.00260
.00027
.00030
.00007
.00034
.00020
.00061
.00091
.00072
.00112
.00104
.00030
.00125
.00049
.00172
.00055
.00002
.00204
.00013
.00015
.00054
.00059
.00071
.00226
.00615
.00051
.00385
.00098
.01202
.00009
.01321
.00513
.00798
.01173
.00404
.01634
.00467

.00108
.00137
.00850
.00653
.00012
.01009
.00356
.00117
.00671
.00691
.00337
.00356
.00005
.00162
.00063
.00947
.00906
.00042
.00492
.00302
.00331
.00281
.00026
.00226
.00096
.00314
.00048
.00040
.00014
.00059
.00048
.00085
.00156
.00193
.00098
.00162
.00046
.00119
.00073
.00376
.00095
.00003
.00310
.00027
.00024
.00072
.00121
.00190
.00403
.01365
.00084
.00783
.01634
.02237
.00019
.04270
.01306
.01612
.02353
.00450
.07466
.00740

.04734
.00523
.00394
.01635
.02289
.07473
.03211
.00555
.01272
.00658
.00003
.00358
.00849
.01124
.00047

.08319
.00446
.00441
.01107
.01768
.05947
.05498
.00555
.00974
.00842
.00002
.00226
.00787
.0010
.00276
.00035

.04954
.00422
.00204
.03094
.04192
.06652
.02447
.00437
.00638
.00467
.00002
.00380
.03422
.00061
.01522
.00021

.06394
.00731
.00245
.01658
.05482
.08320
.02171
.00756
.02645
.00515
.00002
.00350
.01463
.00047
.00972
.00032

.00012
.00018
.00002
.00009
.00525
.00002
.00096
.00033
.00005
.00072
.00153
.00205
.00065
.00001
.00009
.00052
.00198
.00202
.00001
.00018
.00194
.00172
.00141
.00005
.00271
.00027
.00138
.00009
.00059
.00003
.00015
.00006
.00031
.00029
.00022
.00070
.00047
.00013
.00081
.00022
.00054
.00021
.00001
.00042
.00003
.00004
.00021
.00013
.00026
.00056
.00269
.00014
.00076
.00025
.00202
.00001
.00140
.00077
.00061
.00577
.00293
.02566
.01027
1.00000
.03958
.00050
.00033
.00141
.00963
.01121
.00180
.00053
.00151
.00046
.00001
.00032
.00119
.00010
.00070
.00014

.00027
.00029
.00009
.00019
.00759
.00008
.00388
.00082
.00021
.00319
.00342
.00125
.00134
.00002
.00033
.00079
.00573
.00417
.00005
.00042

.0040
.01377
.00131
1.22918
.00802

.00035
.00022
.00013
.00033
.00303
.00018
.00814
.00128
.00055
.01303
.00367
.00030
.00162
.00002
.00033
.00053
.00464
.00517
.00009
.00060
.00080
.00223
.00221
.00012
.00082
.00092
.00289
.00038
.00012
.00008
.00039
.00033
.00055
.00098
.00363
.00044
.00099
.00008
.00055
.00082
.00483
.00175
.00005
.00414
.00028
.00020
.00082
.00247
.00128
.00336
.01106
.00065
.00830
.00153
03535
!00017
.00597
.00235
.00242
.01488
.00185
.12019
1.38684

1.07367
.00334
.00287
.00382
.02570
.04269
.01245
.00346
.01062
.00259
.00002
.00172
.00434
.00121
.00169
.00028

.08105
1.00627
.00910
.01374
.02409
.11668
.02553
.00814
.01151
.00507
.00005
.00401
.00867
.00223
.00566
.00037

.00105
.00562
.00326
.00502
.00012
.01316
.00302
.00073
.01440
.01143
.00055
.00551
.00006
.01212
.00072
.00911
.01212
.00436
.00094
.00154
.00604
.00727
.00033
.00142
.00279
.00588
.00040
.00022
.00012
.00089
.00108
.00131
.00313
.00947
.00435
.00301
.01316
.00102
.00083
.02036
.00115
.00003
.00293
.00021
.00015
.00201
.01044
.01610
.00325
.01390
.00065
.00596
.00161
.02186
.00024
.01745
.00918
.00727
.04380
.00263
.02018
.00707
.07559
.00438
1.0460
.01052
.05012
.05494
.03286
.00501
.01017
.00558
.00003
.00538
.00798
.00114
.00420
.00067

1.57719

1.53327

1.69801

2.01615

1.22084

1.43119

1.77045

1.73621

.00039
.00017
.00028
.01005
.00029
.00331
.00109
.00022
.00297
.00919
.00060
.00212
.00002
.00038
.00103
.02298
.00681
.00006
.00068
.00486
.00710
.00525
.00018
.00484
.00178
.00407
.00425
.00401
.00064
.00112
.00023
.00251
.00430
.00142
.00175
.00366
.00026
.00233
.00050
.00284
.00138
.00004
.00261
.00020
.00079
.00109
.00040
.00074
.02949
.01296
.00506
.00514
.00257
.00707
.00004
1.00916
.04332
.00381
.02499
.00513
.02472
.00654

.00042
.00049
.00012
.00027
.01497
.00009
.00388
.00127
.00022
.00284
.01454
.00072
.00231
.00003
.00047
.00155
.01664
.00673
.00006
.00074
.00767
.01701
.00558
.00022
.00710
.00123
.00794
.00066
.00228
.00043
.00115
.00029
.00213
.00332
.00274
.00225
.00272
.00039
.00379
.00072
.00340
.00120
.00003
.00236
.00029
.00026
.00095
.00064
.00091
.00436
.01174
.00117
.00838
.01367
.00942
.00006
.01805
1.32069
.00387
.03430
.00890
.02620
.15072
.00479
.00149
.00984
.05597
.03810
.00748
.00514

.02966
.00343
.00146
.01342
.02309
.03150
.00521
.00418
.00552
.00172
.00002
.00669
.00438
.00134
.00361
.00055

.00266
.00002
.00275
.00419
.00099
.00874
.00099

.04503
.00421
.00365
.00921
.04509
.04644
.00958
.00479
.02505
.00262
.00013
.00262
.00497
.00504
.00597
.00097

1.64866

2.78224

2.02615

«8

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

79

Total Requirements, 1996—Continued
of delivery to final demand, at producers' prices]
Computer and
data processing
services,
including
own-account
software

Other
Legal, en- business
gineering,
and
accounting, professional
and related services, exservices cept medical
73B

73C

Advertising

Eating
and
drinking
places

Automotive
repair and
services

Amusements

Educational
Rest-ofScrap,
State and
and social
Nonthe-world
used, and General
Federal
Health services, and Government
local
comparable second- government adjustment
services membership enterprises government
industry
to final
hand
imports
enterprises
organizations
uses
goods

73D

74

75

76

77A

78

79

.00052
.00080
.00051
.00177
.00055
.00092
.00580
.00042

.00039
.00057
.00031
.00129
.00016
.00070
.00424
.00023

.00076
.00078
.00038
.00098
.00035
.00069
.00776
.00033

.00102
.00165
.00113
.00163
.00052
.00131
.00970
.00077

.05137
.04796
.00983
.00957
.00054
.00240
.01502
.0010

.00058
.00099
.00076
.00155
.00211
.00184
.01831
.00071

.00375
.00688
.00071
.00454
.00032
.00186
.00937
.00059

.00276
.00329
.00077
.00318
.00051
.00152
.01074
.00067

.00403
.00424
.00112
.00365
.00040
.00141
.01145
.00091

.00227
.00258
.00094
.00108
.00063
.01015
.02418
.00067

.00972
.00003
.00153

.00960
.00026
.00227

.01690
.00006
.00367

.02321
.00002
.25485

.01827
.00002
.00227

.02267
.00023
.01211

.01788
.00002
.01233

.05136
.00003
.01704

.03421
.00001
.01109

.00025
.00017
.00011
.00014
.00264
.00012
.00752
.00129
.00079
.01090
.00328
.00028
.00122
.00002
.00041
.00023
.00388
.00366
.00016
.00102
.00077
.00165
.00162
.00009
.00064
.00058
.00198
.00025
.00012
.00009
.00046
.00038
.00047
.00120
.00452
.00030
.00098
.00006
.00037
.00070
.00508
.00197
.00002
.00170
.00020
.00018
.00047
.00272
.00143
.00203
.00704
.00050
.00591
.00108
.02091
.00007
.00735
.00240
.00181
.01423
.00123
.02125
.00456

.00044
.00018
.00289
.00010
.00955
.00291
.00066
.00908
.00884
.00034
.00207
.00005
.00151
.00046
.00768
.00667
.00023
.00138
.00112
.00374
.00310
.00025
.00082
.00126
.00280
.00083
.00038
.00060
.00227
.00202
.00206
.00283
.00372
.00070
.00443
.00010
.00089
.00061
.00784
.00161
.00006
.00346
.00027
.00111
.00087
.00309
.00202
.00322
.00971
.00051
.00718
.00145
.02076
.00010
.0070
.00333
.00209
.02230
.0030
.01729
.00575

00142
!00096
.00043
.00034
.01072
.00013
.07827
.00412
.00592
.06278
.02048
.00088
.00584
.00005
.00083
.00063
.00723
.01167
.00020
.00070
.00125
.00371
.00431
.00028
.00121
.00105
.00306
.00042
.00024
.00016
.00085
.00205
.00087
.00228
.00269
.00057
.00180
.00012
.00073
.00132
.00697
.00146
.00003
.00285
.00022
.00033
.00086
.00354
.00282
.00514
.01805
.00067
.00639
.00169
.02216
.00707
.01285
.00554
.00299
.04188
.00236
.01792
.00870

.00108
.00090
.00025
.00097
.00575
.00012
.01826
.01049
.00048
.00812
.01118
.00546
.00493
.00095
.00102
.00068
.01158
.01857
.00014
.00437
.00295
.00499
.00583
.00587
.00142
.00141
.00390
.00044
.00053
.00017
.00066
.00145
.00206
.00195
.00120
.00076
.00123
.00017
.00109
.00046
.00338
.00114
.00004
.00408
.00025
.00023
.00049
.00066
.00233
.00708
.02491
.00125
.00735
.00232
.01211
.00024
.02805
.01060
.00870
.08564
.00387
.02257
.00745

.00102
.00053
.00126
.00458
.00170
.00867
.00331
.00071
.00643
.01270
.00056
.00797
.00003
.00119
.00320
.01856
.02849
.00014
.00603
.00268
.02489
.02102
.00032
.00293
.01668
.01717
.00662
.00031
.00017
.00212
.00074
.00383
.01020
.00221
.00675
.00512
.00021
.00381
.00069
.01258
.00710
.00126
.11724
.00037
.00019
.00143
.00115
.00112
.00511
.01915
.00099
.00835
.00367
.02041
.00020
.01631
.00841
.00585
.06716
.00783
.07069
.01051

.00193
.00044
.00148
.00068
.00516
.00011
.00957
.00240
.00105
.00775
.00689
.00322
.00239
.00017
.00070
.00081
.00812
.00597
.00089
.00064
.00133
.0030
.00322
.00039
.00139
.00108
.00302
.00037
.00031
.00011
.00053
.00036
.00064
.00148
.00170
.00125
.00114
.00014
.00161
.00061
.00395
.00619
.00005
.00312
.00023
.00082
.00054
.00119
.00339
.00329
.00931
.00061
.00629
.00141
.01751
.00034
.02349
.00550
.00473
.03348
.00291
.02007
.00664

00151
!00064
.00152
.00150
.00399
.00014
.01064
.00352
.00092
.00842
.02645
.00107
.00499
.02089
.00163
.00048
.00691
.01807
.00016
.00297
.00194
.00333
.00310
.00052
.00123
.00175
.00320
.00034
.00024
.00012
.00056
.00055
.00065
.00166
.00460
.00066
.00153
.00015
.00171
.00075
.00735
.00098
.00003
.00291
.00027
.00017
.01721
.00280
.00108
.00374
.01054
.00076
.00729
.00157
.01854
.00010
.01733
.00695
.00521
.03536
.00235
.01681
.01018

.00106
.00056
.00068
.00063
.00998
.00015
.02039
.00343
.00426
.04938
.00876
.00120
.00331
.00034
.00127
.00098
.01020
.00966
.00060
.00212
.00250
.00412
.00374
.00053
.00272
.00135
.00423
.00039
.00031
.00013
.00067
.00066
.00081
.00187
.00240
.00112
.00149
.00029
.00215
.00091
.00551
.00152
.00004
.00368
.00024
.00026
.00157
.00283
.00443
.00376
.01336
.00090
.00684
.00171
.01950
.00024
.01539
.00684
.00548
.03637
.00475
.03117
.00784

.00209
.00090
.00028
.00312
.00592
.00756
.00861
.00407
.00032
.01373
.00776
.00051
.00259
.00006
.00121
.00072
.02766
.00574
.00067
.00074
.00195
.00692
.00649
.00038
.00218
.00250
.00358
.00224
.00073
.00028
.00088
.00034
.00202
.00456
.00093
.00103
.00129
.00012
.00127
.00036
.00318
.00127
.00018
.02153
.00084
.00098
.00051
.00071
.00088
.01236
.03311
.02871
.02474
.00569
.00999
.00005
.01053
.00890
.00936
.03215
.00265
.02014
.00759

.06774
.0060
.00192
.02258
1.08858
.11867
.00810
.00430
.00772
.00262
.00002
.00585
.01116
.00052
.00530
.00021

.03816
.00562
.00299
.01690
.02802
1.07606
.01286
.00641
.00962
.00469
.00006
.00466
.00771
.00049
.00691
.00038

.04656
.00484
.00390
.01254
.03156
.06893
1.02727
.00523
.01179
.12112
.00008
.00525
.00684
.00071
.00583
.00075

.07432
.00519
.00444
.00856
.02002
.05035
.03423
1.01757
.01166
.01779
.00109
.00330
.00429
.00134
.00432
.00060

.06976
.00567
.01148
.01513
.02549
.05312
.02719
.00611
1.0186
.00515
.00002
.00318
.01208
.00164
.00777
.00470

.09074
.00490
.00463
.00977
.03759
.06501
.04837
.00557
.01196
1.20213
.00051
.00318
.00689
.00075
.00494
-.00105

.08565
.00598
.00394
.01376
.02834
.07772
.01233
.00888
.01221
.00314
1.01893
.00495
.01166
.00075
.00419
.00039

.12677
.00522
.00386
.01848
.02858
.09848
.03271
.00867
.01192
.01038
.00010
1.00754
.01235
.00090
.00360
.00050

.03239
.00190
.00135
.00671
.01285
.04803
.00623
.00332
.00946
.00140
.00006
.00178
1.00323
.00089
.02257
.00064

.05089
.00265
.00260
.00825
.05151
.04569
.00908
.00349
.01039
.0020
.00003
.00267
.00544
1.01031
.00417
.00093

84

.00090
.00083
.00057
.00035
.02191
.00013
.00520
.00169
.00030
.00447
.02469
.00301
.00376
.00007
.0010
.00228
.05035
.01108
.00006
.00155
.01425
.01162
.00913
.00035
.01007
.00216
.00737
.00194
.00273
.00028
.00125
.00043
.00238
.01224
.00119
.00737
.00876
.00066
.00447
.00116
.00434
.00261
.00010
.00686
.00018
.00162
.00206
.00064
.00134
.00995
.02164
.00654
.00454
.00392
.01257
.00007
.04132
.05239
.01541
.04340
.01084
.02847
.00743

.09916
.00485
.00366
1.09729
.02796
.06792
.01791
.00549
.01127
.00418
.00002
.01468
.00847
.00051
.01220
.00066

83

.20005
.00001
.00170

.00042
.00032
.00016
.00017
.00429
.00014
.01629
.00212
.00064
.01312
.00659
.00045
.00299
.00003
.00043
.00042
.00506
.00889
.00008
.00128
.00129
.00455
.00773
.00016
.00203
.00253
.00549
.00034
.00016
.00012
.00085
.00049
.00070
.00221
.08366
.00042
.00487
.00011
.00080
.00183
.09263
.00459
.00003
.00224
.00026
.00015
.00141
.00176
.00129
.00297
.00820
.00051
.00744
.00133
.03309
.00014
.00950
.00323
.00236
.05491
.00176
.02038
.00486

82

Inventory Comvaluation modity
adjustment number

.00060
.00176
.00198
.00548
.00104
.01287
.07317
.00381

.01668
.00002
.00211

80

Household
industry

73A

*o8
.00025

*.8

77B

81

85
1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B

60

6
1
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B

7A
2
7B
2
7A
3
7B
3
7X

100000
100000
1 00000
100000
1.00000

1.84557

1.52988




1.45998

1.8066

2.0534

1.93855

1.79802

1.6610

1.8013

1.61098

2.02479

1.00000

1.00000

1.00000

1.00000

1.00000

100000
1.00000

73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 5.—Industry-by-Commodity
[Total requirements, direct and indirect, per dollar

Industry
number

Each entry represents the output required, directly and indirectly,
of the industry named at the beginning of the row for each dollar
of delivery to final demand of the commodity named at the head of the column

Livestock
and
livestock
products

Other agricultural
products

Forestry
and
fishery
products

Agricultural,
forestry,
and
fishery
services

29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48

49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63

64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E

66
67
68A
68B
68C

70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78

79
82
84
85

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction .
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities) ...
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings ..
Real estate and royalties....
Hotels and lodging places ..
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software .
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
General government industry
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total industry output multiplier

* Less than .000005.




Crude
petroleum
and
natural
gas

Nonmetallic
minerals
mining

New construction,
including
own-account
construction

9+10

Coal
mining

5+6

Commodity number
1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A

Metallic
ores
mining

11

.00069
.00133
.04122
.00726

.05279
.28446
.78717
.20780
.00060
.00102
.03544
.00352

.05042
.16890
.00193
.96208
.00064
.00101
.02906
.00538

.00092
.00207
.00104
.00317
1.13687
.00758
.04495
.00501

.00077
.00194
.00080
.00199
.00202
1.11364
.03784
.00225

.00051
.00117
.00051
.00209
.00113
.00207
1.32677
.00155

.00057
.00108
.00043
.00125
.00253
.00734
.05271
1.03419

.02581
.00003
.00437

.03738
.00003
.06023

.02015
.00003
.01921

.01875
.00005
.00265

.05940
.00003
.00183

.02218
.00005
.00233

.00505
.00029
.00153
.00684
.00011
.00956
.00687
.00274
.00634
.01519
.04132
.00492
.00113
.00253
.00077
.03432
.00932
.00013
.00126
.00249
.00577
.00428
.00183
.00231
.00118
.00526
.00165
.00309
.00017
.00082
.00049
.00156
.00230
.00107
.00096
.00142
.00015
.00122
.00043
.00285
.00255
.00019
.00556
.00037
.00055
.00186
.00059
.00094
.00537
.02129
.02318
.00813
.00454
.00911
.00207
.00868
.00795
.00183
.06108
.00459
.02233
.01240

.00309
.00025
.00205
.00435
.00010
.00775
.00732
.00302
.00549
.02280

.00056
.00042
.00021
.00863
.00017
.00466
.00213
.00221
.00463
.02591
.00117
.00662
.00023
.00077
.00088
.04048
.02332
.00005
.00097
.01033
.02627
.00955
.00034
.00823
.00960
.00889
.00932
.05647
.00708
.00242
.00087
.01675
.01246
.00114
.00091
.00663
.00014
.00161
.00038
.00306
.00147
.00031
.00473
.00066
.00114
.00090
.00070
.00096
.03907
.03149
.00349
.00742
.00469
.0090
.00165
.02956
.00944
.0010
.07446
.00372
.02246
.00848

.00027
.00010
.00015
.00681
.00010
.00294
.00096
.00195
.00366
.01764
.00082
.00224
.00016
.00053
.00084
.01309
.00446
.00004
.00054
.00613
.02469
.00439
.00021
.00374
.00108
.00838
.00079
.00356
.00062
.00094
.00034
.00251
.00372
.00090
.00104
.00235
.00020
.00363
.00043
.00183
.00064
.00007
.00192
.00023
.00019
.00063
.00055
.00073
.00383
.01111
.00079
.00499
.00245
.00871
.00153
.01974
.07720
.00144
.02726
.00591
.01792
.00596

.00041
.00014
.00016
.00379
.00016
.00470
.00172
.00355
.00467
.02949
.0010
.00492
.00025
.00075
.00077
.04362
.01687
.00004
.00108
.00235
.03032
.00705
.00034
.00823
.00327
.00528
.00588
.03283
.01294
.00173
.00082
.01145
.00549
.00118
.00086
.00698
.00011
.00089
.00041
.00305
.00183
.00025
.00632
.00046
.00044
.00076
.00046
.00101
.00799
.03317
.00144
.00589
.00430
.00954
.00192
.04382
.03182
.00106
.06879
.00606
.02124

.01798

.00264
.00025
.00178
.00932
.00011
.01016
.00896
.00212
.00450
.02270
.08258
.00587
.00139
.00276
.00064
.03321
.01177
.00009
.00072
.00306
.00580
.00347
.00069
.00194
.00095
.00628
.00050
.00337
.00023
.00096
.00049
.00155
.00286
.0010
.00059
.00126
.00013
.00106
.00039
.00290
.00495
.00011
.00340
.00019
.00022
.00065
.00051
.00106
.00540
.02721
.00121
.00424
.00315
.00898
.00159
.01205
.01239
.00294
.07353
.00211
.01627
.01401

.0420
.00006
.00348
.00001
.00074
.00045
.00015
.00019
.01325
.00018
.00497
.00227
.00198
.00426
.06988
.00232
.00712
.00057
.00128
.00123
.03867
.01523
.00005
.00086
.00750
.05164
.00834
.00060
.01373
.00386
.00586
.00584
.02966
.00611
.00279
.00103
.00794
.00694
.00119

.12830
.00433
.00332
.00799
.01959
.04928
.00431
.00424
.01146
.00433
.02455
.00351
.00510
.01293

.11252
.00242
.00227
.00425
.01304
.03222
.00171
.00226
.00721
.00216
.00014
.00193
.00266
.00839

.05024
.00433
.00250
.00539
.03531
.04321
.00224
.00447
.00998
.00391
.00115
.00529
.00329
.00670

.04202
.00335
.00349
.00467
.02438
.03343
.00244
.00362
.01167
.01037
.00110
.00205
.00326
.00522

.03130
.00520
.00209
.02970
.03962
.00164
.00596
.00726
.00182
.00008
.00495
.00569
.01189

.05378
.00606
.00197
.00647
.03181
.03561
.00179
.00630
.00653
.00251
.00008
.00652
.00355
.01047

.25257
.00485
.00148
.00469
.03450
.02799
.00165
.00466
.00512
.00214
.00005
.00232
.00322
.01195

3.03033

1.83273

2.04799

1.8163

2.00159

1.93547

2.07724

.42238
.00250
.08416
.00097
.00301
.03820
.00430
.03960
.00004
.30404
.00310
.00386
.00036
.00107
.01046
.00018
.01994
.01205
.00517
.01014
.02211
.04208
.00776
.00653
.00326
.00105
.03441
.02340
.00089
.00372
.00317
.00973
.00831
.00715
.00290
.00222
.00978
.00078
.00349
.00030
.00158
.00081
.00227
.00388
.00169
.00096
.00201
.00019
.00179
.00065
.00484
.00536
.00018
.00492
.00031
.00060
.00132
.00084
.00182
.02230
.06297
.00201
.01628
.0040
.03112
.01195
.00293
.14837
.00390

.00440
1.04336

.00519
.00180
.0030
.00077
.01896
.00792
.00014
.00111
.00179
.00429
.00315
.00104
.00137
.00092
.00475
.00040
.00178
.00018
.00058
.00049
.00096
.00205
.00094
.00061
.00094
.00011
.00133
.00039
.00260
.00230
.00014
.00410
.00056
.00021
.00104
.00074
.00087
.00547
.02640
.0010
.01539
.00392
.01121
.00227
.00845
.00857
.00117
.06151
.00205
.01923
.00913

.00513
.00019
.00114
.00046
.00291
.00121
.00020
.00418
.00048
.00061
.00110
.00057
.00095
.01102
.03244
.00194
.00639
.00412
.00976
.00151
.06923
.02085
.00105
.06647
.0050
.02182

.00104
.00568
.00506
.00532
.00254
.00195
.02194
.01201
1.0004
.01182
.00010
.00252
.00297
.00026
.00084
.07534
.00316
.01231

Maintenance
and repair
construction,
including
own-account
construction

12

.00114
.00641
.00683
.00614
.00223
.00165
.02770
.01253
1.01134
.00008
.00254

.00310
.00645
.01942
.00165
.00964
.00021
.00127
.00924
.02137
.02963
.00012
.00488
.06495
.03588
.02710
.00059
.05555
.00504
.02721
.00115
.00343
.00359
.00308
.00099
.01026
.00529
.00193
.01420
.01004
.00216
.01687
.00471
.00638
.00347
.00019
.00458
.00034
.00076
.00493
.00096
.00449
.00584
.03798
.00145
.00547
.00324
.01388
.00239
.01155
.00781
.00146
.08280
.04244
.02263
.01381

.00281
.00026
.00096
.10308
.00059
.01005
.00366
.00296
.00589
.01863
.00180
.00968
.00020
.00133
.00973
.02942
.03163
.00011
.00263
.03730
.03014
.02450
.00061
.04661
.00428
.02304
.00095
.00289
.00049
.00244
.00088
.00527
.00401
.00162
.01371
.00762
.00256
.01499
.00371
.00547
.00269
.00019
.00470
.00030
.00073
.00402
.00083
.00415
.00575
.03595
.00147
.00502
.00331
.01312
.00231
.01074
.00706
.00143
.07961
.04905
.02043
.00950

.03489
.00459
.00147
.00723
.02156
.03067
.00207
.00529
.00599
.00193
.00006
.00235
.00419
.00897

.03080
.00394
.00261
.00824
.08515
.06464
.00259
.00419
.01024
.00258
.00012
.00229
.00485
.00517

.02911
.00360
.00255
.00733
.04528
.06073
.00250
.00390
.01067
.00250
.00012
.00207
.00443
.00494

1.77371

2.07898

1.99145

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

8l

Total Requirements, 1996—Continued
of delivery to final demand, at producers' prices]
Ordnance
and
accessories

Food and
kindred
products

Tobacco
products

13

14

15

Broad and Miscelnarrow
laneous
fabrics,
textile
yarn and
goods
thread
and floor
mills
coverings
1
6

17

Apparel

MiscelLumber
laneous
fabricated and wood
textile
products
products

18

19

20+21

Furniture
and
fixtures

Paper
PaperOther
and allied
NewsIndustrial cultural
board
products, containers papers and printing and other fertilizers
and
except and boxes periodicals publishing chemicals
and
chemicals
containers
24

25

.00684
.03725
.09229
.02556
.00110
.0020
.02296
.00203

.00287
.01217
.00917
.00432
.00351
.0030
.02072
.00189

.00358
.00719
.00812
.00372
.00155
.00622
.03681
.00709

.00209
.00409
.00396
.00237
.00169
.00447
.03406
.00414

.01865
.00004
.00966

.01814
.00005
.00629

n

mA
.02856

22+23

26A

Plastics
and
synthetic
materials

Drugs

Cleaning
and toilet Industry
prepar- number
ations

26B

27A

27B

28

29A

29B

.00083
.00154
.00111
.00148
.00047
.00139
.01147
.00135

.00112
.00225
.00174
.00155
.00083
.00198
.01719
.00216

.00531
.01153
.00124
.00264
.01347
.00476
.16198
.03008

.00585
.00673
.00153
.00237
.00405
.00414
.17024
.04869

.00360
.01193
.00128
.00251
.00602
.00453
.09023
.01206

.00287
.00637
.00117
.00201
.00086
.00167
.01548
.00178

.00650
.00667
.00148
.00224
.00268
.00227
.04563
.00511

.02513
.00005
.00867
.00003
.00394
.00459
.00033
.00038
.05596
.00036
.50255
1.00162
.00419
.01261
.06713
.00270
.02645
.00062
.00363
.00482
.02683
.03854
.00011
.00207
.00347
.01689
.00964
.00170
.00240
.00243
.01680
.00066
.00075
.00029
.00218
.00682
.00194
.00629
.0020
.00087
.00203
.00028
.00111
.00049
.00432
.00090
.00015
.00387
.00041
.00053
.00256
.00165
.00144
.01927
.07986
.00186
.00974
.00615
.01334
.00280
.02466
.01751
.00260
.11457
.00363
.02581
.00954

.01638
.00004
.00327
.00001
.00122
.00133
.00016
.00020
.01509
.00018
.12687
.00380
.97776
.14276
.02325
.00098
.00644
.00022
.00112
.00051
.00882
.01078
.00008
.00054
.00135
.00294
.00248
.00029
.00116
.00077
.00305
.00033
.00030
.00013
.00063
.00177
.00070
.00197
.00203
.00049
.00096
.00012
.00062
.00046
.00321
.00078
.00009
.00267
.00024
.00023
.00128
.00379
.00181
.00601
.02372
.00075
.00616
.00235
.0140
.00646
.01040
.00615
.00099
.04974
.00234
.01823
.00643

.01811
.00004
.00451
.00001
.00290
.00234
.00024
.00049
.02189
.00024
.19305
.00958
.03570
1.08045
.04295
.00159
.01220
.00039
.00173
.00079
.01225
.02703
.00033
.00084
.00184
.00507
.00442
.00058
.00153
.00116
.00616
.00041
.00074
.00017
.00110
.00556
.00105
.00339
.00211
.00057
.00133
.00015
.00113
.00073
.00384
.00077
.00010
.00265
.00030
.00027
.00229
.00774
.00469
.00827
.03694
.00097
.00722
.00323
.01198
.00393
.01499
.00982
.00144
.07134
.00243
.02007
.00717

.03428
.00032
.02581
.00013
.00174
.00072
.00025
.00026
.00742
.00017
.01769
.00888
.00488
.00880
1.11303
.02701
.06990
.00866
.01463
.00766
.10598
.02656
.00008
.00260
.00591
.01666
.01229
.00708
.00318
.00173
.01160
.00090
.00220
.00071
.00213
.00864
.00261
.00769
.00252
.00139
.00336
.00022
.00147
.00053
.00474
.00093
.00013
.00333
.00048
.00044
.00301
.00263
.00212
.01375
.04918
.00250
.00768
.00812
.01263
.00384
.03137
.04447
.00456
.10509
.00399
.02638
.00916

.03326
.00007
.02837
.00002
.00113
.00060
.00023
.00025
.00682
.00015
.01471
.0090
.00674
.01477
.20228
1.01101
.02893
.01607
.02863
.00228
.04393
.0240
.00008
.00232
.00454
.01176
.00743
.00621
.00255
.00143
.00761
.00090
.00247
.00087
.00111
.00195
.00247
.00389
.00192
.00094
.00220
.00018
.00133
.00050
.00399
.00093
.00015
.00394
.00035
.00051
.00155
.00147
.00143
.01739
.08635
.00255
.00759
.00717
.01299
.00537
.02570
.05968
.00395
.09763
.00437
.02972
.00962

.03297
.00013
.01307
.00004
.05706
.00577
.00127
.00034
.00766
.00018
.02622
.00939
.00476
.00864
.48222
.02268
.88301
.00338
.01513
.00648
.04989
.06223
.00010
.00251
.00434
.01011
.00706
.00348
.00258
.00149
.00729
.00072
.00124
.00041
.00181
.00456
.00215
.00629
.00215
.00108
.00245
.00020
.00143
.00054
.00435
.00087
.00013
.00332
.00039
.00044
.00170
.00148
.00153
.01422
.05017
.00246
.00806
.00607
.01509
.00376
.03242
.03541
.00424
.10580
.00388
.02775
.00920

.01931
.00004
.01325
.00001
.00133
.00090
.00023
.00025
.00538
.00014
.02174
.01706
.02160
.03428
.04935
.00357
.01113
1.09338
.0080
.00078
.01037
.03315
.00008
.00490
.00247
.00432
.00380
.00209
.00141
.00201
.00348
.00033
.00038
.00019
.00074
.00101
.00153
.00230
.00172
.00056
.00127
.00011
.00084
.00055
.00440
.00064
.00008
.00192
.00031
.00022
.00742
.00115
.00318
.00492
.01666
.00069
.00769
.00235
.01591
.01802
.01369
.00845
.00163
.10183
.00268
.02332
.00708

.02186
.00023
.02486
.00002
.00318
.00181
.00039
.00081
.00913
.00022
.05091
.04484
.01989
.02949
.16936
.00590
.02540
.02546
.98530
.00261
.03731
.08364
.00013
.00668
.00345
.01020
.01085
.01272
.00198
.00283
.00778
.00050
.00068
.00027
.00146
.00234
.00140
.00445
.00173
.00189
.00219
.00017
.00133
.00052
.00399
.00095
.00011
.00256
.00037
.00036
.00165
.00130
.00360
.01077
.03642
.00171
.00801
.00442
.01561
.01667
.01642
.01475
.00224
.10381
.00551
.02537
.00859

.00063
.00138
.00066
.00195
.00258
.00167
.01076
.00104

.24783
.19841
.00704
.02716
.00149
.00275
.02776
.00271

.00099
.09378
.00047
.00679
.00033
.00142
.01029
.00117

.01928
.13716
.00073
.01095
.00184
.00407
.03938
.00455

.01037
.03315
.0010
.00405
.00244
.0040
.04612
.00548

.00786
.04691
.00354
.00527
.00098
.00295
.02540
.00210

.00862
.04985
.00102
.00491
.00122
.00271
.02733
.00268

.01597
.97356
.00222

.02554
.00004
1.2520

O
.00254
.00102
.00054
.00027
.00664
.00075
.00636
.00390
.00332
.00533
.01764
.00198
.00888
.00033
.00064
.00109
.00810
.02293
.00006
.00197
.00358
.02739
.03513
.00028
.00316
.01071
.01654
.00150
.00102
.00020
.00429
.00328
.00845
.01176
.00819
.00055
.01278
.00014
.00231
.01369
.07605
.0020
.00023
.00608
.09702
.00165
.09216
.00106
.00142
.00382
.01705
.00053
.00864
.00230
.01009
.00260
.01333
.00615
.00102
.06058
.00172
.01806
.00622

.00236
.00191
.00031
.00076
.00999
.00023
.04175
.02948
.01065
.01871
.02582
.01879
.01015
.00509
.00339
.00158
.02169
.03699
.00030
.01175
.00258
.01310
.01824
.02773
.00208
.00286
.00933
.00061
.00148
.00028
.00145
.00143
.00225
.00364
.00162
.00090
.00193
.00016
.00129
.00051
.00428
.00230
.00016
.00414
.00036
.00044
.00097
.00088
.00193
.01501
.05141
.00184
.00869
.00484
.01383
.00876
.02129
.01437
.00230
.13982
.00489
.02717
.01261

.01091
.00002
.00256
1.07144
.00160
.00082
.00017
.00036
.00461
.00009
.02407
.01754
.02634
.03743
.01287
.00794
.01223
.00028
.00290
.00042
.00854
.01340
.00006
.00048
.00116
.00261
.00198
.00027
.00081
.00062
.00329
.00025
.00049
.00011
.00077
.00059
.00057
.00133
.00123
.00058
.00122
.00008
.00092
.00035
.00242
.00087
.00006
.00174
.00022
.00015
.00052
.00076
.00308
.00347
.01570
.00053
.00571
.00190
.01121
.02230
.00677
.00406
.00079
.04735
.00468
.01913
.00759

.02465
.00005
.00989
.00001
1.23632
.00565
.01353
.00343
.00564
.00016
.01147
.00582
.00338
.00641
.13043
.01627
.18521
.00123
.00533
.00185
.02505
.02335
.00065
.01196
.00247
.00545
.00414
.00121
.00176
.00104
.00397
.00055
.00105
.00026
.00139
.00326
.00127
.00518
.00159
.00072
.00153
.00022
.00094
.00041
.00360
.00123
.00011
.00302
.00033
.00033
.00082
.00088
.00122
.01067
.03636
.00142
.00774
.00398
.01099
.00267
.03632
.01959
.00230
.10399
.00328
.02330
.00953

.03106
.00007
.01048
.00002
.22722
.95981
.00550
.00415
.00827
.00016
.03592
.00758
.00562
.01230
.17407
.00991
.26392
.00148
.01011
.00244
.02839
.03749
.00031
.00402
.00969
.00771
.00560
.00151
.00236
.00138
.00521
.00065
.00086
.00031
.00161
.01483
.00195
.00569
.00192
.00091
.00225
.00022
.00106
.00052
.00447
.00095
.00012
.00338
.00038
.00040
.00322
.00119
.00150
.01303
.04924
.00212
.00871
.00490
.01418
.00451
.02980
.02328
.00292
.10586
.00353
.02705
.00989

.02204
.00006
.00753
.00001
.38596
.00542
1.28049
.03830
.00529
.00020
.01184
.00547
.00660
.01107
.05578
.00622
.07659
.00069
.00827
.00108
.01687
.02217
.00979
.00432
.00186
.00479
.00435
.00073
.00161
.00105
.00341
.00050
.00063
.00025
.00110
.00530
.00127
.00366
.00180
.00069
.00162
.00018
.00078
.00048
.00412
.00095
.00011
.00288
.00045
.00051
.00071
.00095
.01725
.00686
03553
!00108
.01159
.00397
.01380
.00540
.02613
.01538
.00164
.11318
.00289
.02730
.01017

.02047
.00004
.01096
.00001
.42908
.06373
.04336
.90754
.00783
.00115
.01361
.00479
.00413
.00926
.07722
.00715
.10051
.00072
.00354
.00124
.01777
.03615
.02926
.00501
.00265
.00543
.0040
.00086
.00172
.00128
.00408
.00059
.00062
.00022
.00135
.00437
.00135
.00449
.00141
.00092
.00162
.00045
.00077
.00041
.00342
.00085
.00018
.00325
.00036
.00348
.00091
.00082
.00525
.00703
.03540
.00113
.00881
.00364
.01170
.00330
.02393
.01529
.00197
.10273
.00273
.02403
.00902

.00240
.00334
.00036
.00051
1.45568
.00423
.01141
.00672
.00387
.00729
.02007
.00850
.01161
.00034
.00123
.00323
.02085
.02279
.00013
.00508
.01115
.01458
.00888
.00063
.01404
.00756
.01951
.00075
.0010
.00058
.00225
.00194
.00314
.00551
.00147
.00274
.0020
.00371
.00340
.00050
.00419
.00122
.00035
.00891
.00035
.00087
.00111
.00079
.00249
.01183
.05223
.00423
.00761
.00446
.01144
.00292
.01913
.00908
.00177
.13304
.00342
.02396
.00942

.00116
.00157
.13421
.98928
.01932
.01823
.00534
.00913
.03224
.00275
.03102
.00033
.00206
.00981
.01609
.05584
.00166
.00698
.00703
.06623
.02684
.00083
.00612
.01530
.06230
.00067
.00116
.00090
.00343
.00260
.00490
.00720
.00156
.00215
.00280
.00059
.00135
.00055
.00435
.00094
.00025
.00372
.00044
.00037
.00326
.0010
.00258
.00887
.03937
.00149
.00817
.00365
.01310
.00429
.01897
.01129
.00166
.12539
.00391
.02385
.00849

.03044
.00006
.01465
.00005
.00730
.00980
.00045
.00058
.11888
.00062
1.16307
.01930
.00443
.01797
.08562
.00396
.04255
.00085
.00682
.00167
.02354
.05807
.00010
.00172
.00528
.00880
.00717
.00104
.00324
.00210
.01183
.00068
.00094
.00034
.00181
.00485
.00216
.00603
.00246
.00111
.00211
.00045
.00152
.00050
.00459
.00098
.00015
.00391
.00036
.00051
.00464
.00279
.00176
.01641
.06193
.00231
.0080
.00513
.01190
.00342
.03134
.02503
.00364
.10039
.00449
.02464
.00899

.02247
.00499
.00245
.01308
.01552
.03938
.00280
.00556
.00577
.00270
.00007
.00273
.00270
.00426

.05867
.0060
.00386
.00944
.01825
.05102
.00940
.00630
.01190
.00712
.00519
.00338
.00452
.00969

.02736
.00532
.00263
.00673
.02102
.03975
.02390
.00548
.00690
.01519
.00007
.00343
.00415
.00353

.04013
.00575
.00965
.01038
.02293
.04610
.00288
.00650
.01119
.00277
.00047
.00324
.00458
.01010

.03587
.00692
.00849
.01263
.02899
.05047
.00486
.00753
.01287
.00404
.00030
.00379
.00528
.01075

.04353
.00752
.00651
.01013
.02163
.11509
.00584
.00873
.00999
.00514
.00033
.00374
.00558
.00807

.04072
.00637
.00524
.00893
.02037
.04541
.00355
.00739
.00917
.00307
.00025
.00857
.0050
.00798

.03238
.0060
.00375
.00911
.01850
.04511
.00315
.00681
.01127
.00329
.00022
.00549
.00423
.00751

.03248
.00601
.00357
.00907
.02183
.04953
.00462
.00698
.00916
.00372
.00014
.00430
.00485
.00708

.02898
.0060
.00552
.01222
.01825
.04679
.00369
.00651
.01366
.00353
.00016
.00396
.00449
.01279

.03007
.00652
.00513
.01191
.01704
.04813
.00302
.00705
.01405
.00323
.00014
.00333
.00442
.01035

.04899
.00476
.00241
.00974
.02258
.06671
.00696
.00497
.00766
.00539
.00011
.00278
.00927
.00479

.04391
.00526
.00314
.00923
.01511
.04421
.00423
.00561
.00966
.00371
.00010
.00351
.00530
.00632

.05738
.00621
.00481
.01215
.04565
.05188
.00414
.00661
.01187
.00386
.00020
.00369
.00488
.01410

.05677
.00636
.00508
.01287
.03542
.05804
.00578
.00660
.01413
.00455
.00023
.00440
.00446
.01372

.043*10
.00653
.00586
.01362
.05138
.05285
.00405
.00696
.01316
.00398
.00016
.00573
.00485
.01321

.03136
.00643
.00283
.00938
.04719
.06862
.01933
.00724
.00721
.01252
.00015
.01030
.00405
.00549

.03815
.00640
.00351
.01003
.03480
.06015
.01788
.00681
.00937
.01196
.00022
.00588
.00489
.00782

1.82594

2.68495

1.71808

2.44452

2.52058

2.66782

2.37275

2.38502

2.1797

2.2451

2.4408

1.74896

1.91947

2.37924

2.39432

2.44685

1.88991

2.19385

n




1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
4
1
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
6
1
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
650
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
82
84
85

82

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 5.—Industry-by-Commodity
[Total requirements, direct and indirect, per dollar

Industry
number

Each entry represents the output required, directly and indirectly,
of the industry named at the beginning of the row for each dollar
of delivery to final demand of the commodity named at the head of the column

Commodity number
1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
,12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32

33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48

49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B

60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B

65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C

70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
82

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction .
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn arid thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other printing andpublishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals .
Plastics and synthetic materials
Orugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
.
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
.
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
General government industry
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total industry output multiplier

'Less than .000005.




Paints
and allied
products

Petroleum
refining
and
related
products

Rubber
and
miscellaneous
products

Footwear,
leather,
and
leather
products

Glass and Stone and
glass
clay
products
products

Primary
iron and
steel
manufacturing

Primary
nonferrous
metals
manufacturing

Metal
containers

Heating,
plumbing,
and fabricated structural metal
products

Screw
machine
products
and
stampings

30

31

32

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

.00448
.00676
.00136
.00205
.00625
.00271
.06136
.00917

.00091
.00169
.00060
.00193
.00150
.00244
.84178
.00543

.00235
.00821
.00909
.00391
.00261
.00324
.03753
.00477

.04081
.03880
.00198
.00580
.00156
.00249
.03113
.0030

.00095
.00231
.00237
.00196
.00267
.00789
.03434
.01434

.00092
.00212
.00106
.00159
.00199
.00822
.04136
.07209

.00072
.00137
.00076
.00155
.03846
.02092
.03522
.00585

.00087
.00201
.00129
.00183
.05960
.00457
.02895
.00261

.00116
.00208
.00101
.00177
.03138
.00738
.03246
.00315

.00072
.00139
.00089
.00134
.01322
.00525
.02029
.00221

.00072
.00134
.00073
.00129
.01273
.00657
.02120
.00251

.02253
.00010
.02117
.00003
.00805
.00109
.00034
.00023
.00501
.00021
.01202
.00488
.00615
.01076
.29948
.00885
.12895
.00223

.05250
.00004
.00378

.02433
.00007

.02287
.00004
.00350
.00001
.00540
.00057
.00025
.00036
.01299
.00035
.02053
.00577
.00351
.00621
.04232
.00149
.01158
.00039
.00357
.00249
.02848
.01655
.00007
.0040

.02444
.00023
.00332

.01764
.00023
.00285

.00034
.00285

r

.02382
.00004
.00357
.00001
.00170
.00097
.00021
.00025
.03163
.00441
.02781
.04192
.00320
.00590
.05610
.00188
.01070
.00051
.00309
.00196
.01955
.03625
.00007
1.07998
.02043
.01002
.01227
.00060
.00385
.00335
.00491
.00076
.00124
.00040
.00613
.00273
.00162
.00944
.00155
.00086
.00507
.00139
.00284
.00042
.00359
.00068
.00014
.00317
.00030
.00048
.00226
.00076
.00096
.01706
.03435
.00210
.00648
.00368
.0110
.00253
.03214
.02958
.00197
.08009
.00509
.02142
.00756

.02746
.00019
.00282

.00002
.02421
.01113
.00103
.00095
.01178
.00094
.03663
.01878
.00413
.00769
.15269
.00656
.17553
.00118
.00491
.00266
.02395
1.03709
.00055
.00964
.00568
.01664
.00877
.00135
.00637
.00498
.01355
.00085
.00083
.00038
.00404
.00672
.00225
.01092
.00209
.00102
.00249
.00020
.00195
.00048
.00482
.00112
.00015
.00307
.00064
.00056
.00199
.00180
.00272
.01143
.05572
.00216
.00761
.00475
.01243
.00324
.02812
.01765
.00232
.08879
.00378
.02499
.00854

.02571
.00005
.20123
.00001
.05282
.02968
.01166
.00285
.00717
.00035
.02686
.01201
.01065
.02252
.08156
.00602
.02987
.00154
.00662
.00134
.02315
.05561
1.28746
.00334
.0030
.00962
.00785
.00509
.0020
.00463
.01797
.00049
.00072
.00025
.00140
.00192
.00130
.00538
.00192
.00076
.00156
.00015
.00138
.00051
.00426
.00098
.00012
.00319
.00045
.00029
.00121
.00091
.00790
.00777
.04948
.00124
.01109
.00470
.01451
.00886
.01977
.01545
.00647
.12069
.00374
.02574
.01101

.00054
.00028
.00025
.00922
.00033
.00671
.00272

.02197
.00804
.00052
.00385
.00327
.01257
.00104
.00305
.00110
.00469
.00126
.00334
.00571
.00183
.00080
.00261
.00017
.00136
.00068
.00352
.00171
.00018
.00452
.00031
.00048
.00119
.00071
.00178
.01480
.09360
.00473
.00642
.00649
.01156
.00272
.02953
.03127
.00205
.06892
.00395
.02206
.00890

.00851
.02661
.00107
.00499
.00024
.00090
.00131
.01969
.01193
.00007
.00119
.02206
1.2207
.04915
.00044
.00420
.00773
.02846
.00235
.00430
.00104
.01212
.00159
.02552
.01317
.00254
.00121
.01459
.00023
.00277
.00056
.00575
.00130
.00022
.00426
.00051
.00064
.00260
.00085
.00117
.02142
.05667
.00297
.00833
.00499
.01235
.00302
.04305
.03359
.00431
.14563
.00316
.02632
.00912

.00071
.00029
.00025
.01155
.00045
.00813
.00452
.00332
.00685
.05845
.00179
.02512
.00030
.00117
.00123
.01930
.02563
.00007
.01055
.00794
.04305
1.39267
.00062
.00476
.00388
.01744
.00119
.00234
.00090
.01565
.00284
.01145
.01074
.0020
.00083
.00774
.00021
.00241
.00055
.00841
.01196
.00017
.00495
.00057
.00047
.00131
.00079
.00108
.01498
.06472
.00196
.00907
.00513
.01266
.00257
.04228
.01953
.00254
.15955
.00293
.02524
.00926

33+34

.00015
.00481
.00001
.00192
.00070
.00034
.00031
.00978
.00110
.01529
.00992
.00475
.03143
.05162
.00177
.01726
.00037
.00138
.03150
.02118
.01997
.00009
.00482
.00963
.26193
.5550
1.07135
.00685
.00620
.03136
.00126
.00210
.00073
.01058
.00196
.01020
.01302
.00241

.98414
.04478
.02022
.00006
.00188
.01743
.01549
.02201
.03445
.00188
.00157
.00613
.00060
.00094
.00034
.00142
.00264
.00164
.00392
.00164
.00075
.0020
.00013
.00488
.00046
.00390
.00086
.00012
.00294
.00034
.00056
.00147
.00671
.00141
.02192
.05456
.00270
.00752
.00571
.01294
.00501
.01943
.01943
.00341
.10572
.00283
.02592
.00872

.00082
.00017
.00024
.00705
.00013
.00588
.00280
.00340
.00620
.04906
.00149
.00450
.00038
.00426
.00107
1.04245
.00946
.00006
.00392
.00757
.01804
.00482
.00136
.00328
.00113
.00751
.00076
.00260
.00053
.00106
.00065
.00214
.0040
.00162
.00103
.00231
.00021
.00271
.00051
.00314
.00079
.00010
.00255
.00024
.00027
.00090
.00074
.00101
.00607
.01902
.00292
.00531
.03081
.01162
.00268
.02380
.06836
.00246
.07007
.00512
.02732
.00762

.00634
.00345
.00962
.03368
.04347
.00539
.00667
.01013
.00486
.00017
.00339
.00413
.01058

.17792
.00502
.00356
.01133
.03637
.04041
.00289
.00552
.00842
.00304
.00008
.00379
.00425
.01242

.03434
.00603
.00462
.01124
.02653
.04635
.00349
.00664
.01159
.00343
.00013
.00665
.00435

.03754
.00671
.00401
.01377
.01942
.04879
.00951
.00812
.01036
.00641
.00092
.00308
.00584
.01365

.02717
.00540
.00474
.01091
.01634
.04150
.00273
.00623
.01086
.00252
.00009
.00254
.00427
.00994

.03066
.00519
.00465
.01056
.01812
.04269
.00293
.00571
.01314
.00270
.00011
.00262
.00401
.01099

.02983
.00607
.00711
.01589
.01968
.05471
.00326
.00674
.01548
.00325
.00011
.00317
.00546
.01480

.03045
.00646
.00493
.01184
.01880
.04816
.00277
.00721
.01264
.00295
.00011
.00373
.00522
.01143

.00685
.01547
.02327
.06105
.00384
.00943
.01659
.00447
.00013
.00529
.00578
.01255

2.29623

2.72844

2.1896

2.60146

1.92488

1.97534

2.22922

2.410

3.00573

.00686
.00022
.00209
.00062
.00725
.00536
.00019
.00483
.00057
.00051
.00151
.00131
.00136
.01653
.06970
.00217
.01072
.00579
.01560
.00356
.04024
.02402
.00308
.19781
.00372
.0330
.01151
.03714

.00126
.00061
.00023
.00024
.00971
.00103
.00876
.00677
.00380
.00705
.00109
.00904
.00024
.00088
.00575
.01355
02332
.00008
.00639
.00810
.23080
.13015
.00061
.99677
.01757
.050
.00345
.00338
.00124
.01138
.00152
.01187
.01712
.00189
.00619
.00711
.00074
.00139
.00101
.00514
.00183
.00032
.00487
.00070
.00247
.00395
.00084
.00133
.00981
.04034
.00129
.00745
.00353
.01199
.0030
.02170
.01499
.00194
.12154
.00273
.02201
.00777
.02937
.00584
.00369
.01006
.01704
.05340
.00323

.00136
.00069
.00026
.00050
.00768
.00074
.01092
.00816
.00458
.00831
.02207
.00095
.00881
.00020
.00092
.00347
.01357
.01969
.00011
.00392
.01145
.29228
.09106
.00055
.00867
.97266
.03662
.00190
.01034
.00056
.03124
.00134
.01102
.03624
.00267
.00227
.00759
.00174
.00185
.00073
.00685
.00190
.00908
.00795
.00057
.00056
.00220
.00095
.00140
.01098
.04432
.00153
.00796
.00381
.01209
.00365
.02671
.01706
.00624
.12469
.00319
.02576
.00858

.00964
.00293
.00010
.00321
.00420
.00766

.03001
.00613
.00539
.01278
.02263
.05490
.00394
.00706
.01251
.00369
.00010
.00508
.00476
.01323

2.14485

2.22707

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Total Requirements, 1996—Continued
of delivery to final demand, at producers' prices]

Truck and
MiscelMotor
bus bodies,
laneous
vehicles
trailers, and Industry
electrical
motor
machinery (passenger
number

Other fabricated metal
products

Engines
and
turbines

Farm,
construction, and
mining
machinery

Materials
handling
machinery
and
equipment

Metalworking
machinery
and
equipment

Special
industry
machinery
and
equipment

General
industrial
machinery
and
equipment

Miscellaneous
machinery,
except
electrical

Computer
and office
equipment

Service
industry
machinery

42

43

44+45

46

47

48

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

.00079
.00163
.00099
.00142
.01081
.00508
.02181
.00229

.00069
.00129
.00065
.00154
.00956
.00481
.01681
.00201

.00071
.00144
.00103
.00147
.00719
.00411
.01649
.00165

.00069
.00134
.00089
.00135
.00798
.00408
.01734
.00162

.00063
.00126
.00090
.00125
.00654
.00342
.01503
.00274

.00071
.00139
.00102
.00143
.00685
.00314
.01463
.00151

.00072
.00149
.00083
.00148
.00630
.00343
.01554
.00153

.00054
.00099
.00046
.00124
.00750
.00323
.01316
.00131

.00093
.00170
.00082
.00209
.00303
.00220
.01367
.00132

.00080
.00157
.00105
.00142
.00832
.00335
.01651
.00193

.00073
.00146
.00086
.00168
.00796
.00315
.01918
.00344

.00112
.00254
.00162
.00193
.00773
.00381
.02409
.00435

.00083
.00174
.00097
.00148
.00668
.00313
.01901
.00248

.00080
.00159
.00085
.00170
.00377
.00196
.01197
.00117

.00084
.00168
.00077
.00234
.00371
.00251
.01474
.00171

.00098
.00212
.00130
.00222
.00623
.00276
.01825
.00191

.00141
.00407
.00155
.00196
.00689
.00356
.02184
.00226

.00093
.00191
.00111
.00171
.01408
.00477
.02087
.00227

.01995
.00014
.00305

.02097
.00023
.00264

.01780
.00009
.00267

.01766
.00153
.00264

.01709
.00041
.00244

.01802
.00020
.00270

.01681
.00018
.00255

.0170
.00016
.00201

.03070
.00014
.00357

.02057
.00177
.00312

.01867
.00008
.00277

.01855
.00007
.00314

.02466
.00183
.00301

.03386
.00021
.00315

.02243
.00076
.00366

.02444
.00021
.00446

.02573
.00017
.00349

«8

.00$

.00,1]

.J&

« &
.00111
.00028
.00024
.00735
.00172
.02177
.01728
.00753
.01110
.03197
.00148
.03203
.00029
.00241
.00161
.01318
.05201
.00008
.02736
.01371
.07817
.09374
.00047
.00333
.03303
.02907
.00172
.00504
.00040
.00731
.00218
.00482
.01079
.00392
.00102
.04163
.00102
.96478
.00449
.02503
.00807
.00039
.00342
.00046
.00036
.01417
.00098
.00391
.00703
.03317
.00105
.00768
.00317
.01281
.00617
.02008
.01247
.00173
.12134
.00404
.02219
.00777

.00246
.00122
.00028
.00026
.00724
.01101
.01426
.00635
.00575
.00954
.01971
.00101
.01279
.00021
.00114
.00131
.00883
.03865
.00009
.00469
.00335
.02743
.05114
.00038
.01058
.01829
.02371
.00070
.00077
.00029
.00391
.00127
.00271
.00936
.03634
.00116
.00867
.00028
.01086
.98128
.35910
.01687
.00034
.01301
.00154
.00026
.03678
.00131
.00150
.00518
.01926
.00071
.00998
.00269
.01679
.00457
.01705
.00721
.00127
.13683
.00296
.0270
.00861

.00152
.00074
.00029
.00026
.00688
.00103
.01186
.00550
.00688
.01067
.03122
.00130
.01129
.00029
.00106
.00120
.01040
.03073
.00008
.01133
.00445
.02847
.05862
.00043
.00794
.01541
.04344
.00076
.00086
.00030
.00510
.00246
.00273
.01258
.08681
.0010
.00988
.00022
.00594
.01467
1.20787
.00342
.00027
.00752
.00052
.00029
.01494
.00124
.00149
.00618
.02017
.00085
.00951
.00276
.01608
.00550
.02322
.00901
.00155
.12932
.00315
.02752
.00870

.00342
.00157
.00033
.00030
.00856
.00055
.03836
.01616
.00583
.00956
.03825
.00175
.02963
.00034
.00168
.00139
.01277
.08351
.00010
.00337
.00588
.04837
.09174
.00052
.00812
.01677
.02930
.00153
.00103
.00037
.00614
.00184
.00788
.02793
.04201
.00119
02588
.00036
.00528
.01340
.14336
.90729
.00059
.03809
.00090
.00096
.01616
.00660
.00160
.00701
.03311
.00103
.00906
.00333
.01373
.00458
.02164
.01111
.00231
.14353
.00335
.02607
.00855

.01924
.01072
.00172
.02586
.01098
.0240
.01390
.00773
.00701
.01204
.03896
.00186
.02750
.00037
.00160
.01382
.01628
.09228
.00099
.01397
.00801
.09084
.06493
.00098
.00885
.10594
.03692
.01696
.00263
.00056
.00852
.00188
.01182
.03147
.00703
.01994
.00715
.00052
.00819
.00942
.06208
.02268
.99843
.33438
.00159
.00088
.01260
.00145
.00210
.01023
.04941
.00139
.01465
.00504
.01556
.00561
.02156
.01263
.00270
.17332
.00382
.05052
.01135

.00211
.00036
.00124
.00996
.00178
.01326
.00879
.00861
.01328
.03063
.00135
.01870
.00026
.00114
.00725
.01460
.04605
.00013
.00436
.01022
.15513
.14336
.00066
.01825
.05750
.03112
.00766
.00378
.00073
.00982
.00170
.02653
.05974
.00632
.01329
.00789
.00055
.00534
.00184
.05635
.02193
.03122
1.06354
.00165
.00131
.00554
.00123
.00176
.01019
.04437
.00141
.01152
.00428
.01405
.00704
.02551
.01413
.00308
.14820
.00327
.02960
.00977

Electrical
industrial
Household
equipment
appliances
and
apparatus

Audio,
Electronic
Electric
video, and
lighting
components
communiand wiring
and
cation
equipment
equipment

57

and
aflQ
supplies

58

cars and
trucks)

uohirloe
venicica
parts

59A

59B

.00122
.00049
.00073
.00915
.00247
.01945
.00832
.00448
.00878
.03251
.00129
.01570
.00027
.00123
.00791
.01389
.03999
.00022
.00272
.00844
.20025
.09686
.00104
.01152
.02626
.97578
.00217
.00440
.00085
.01183
.00217
.00912
.02210
.00237
.00237
.01009
.00020
.00274
.00059
.00760
.00172
.00032
.00384
.00173
.00038
.00467
.00080
.00395
.00893
.03671
.00134
.00734
.00339
.01210
.00360
.02450
.01675
.00227
.10918
.00284
.02217
.00766

.00095
.00075
.00034
.00564
.00038
.00765
.00372
.00355
.00675
.01541
.00080
.00802
.00015
.00070
.00281
.01150
.02723
.00008
.00166
.01184
.20317
.07558
.00038
.0170
.04286
.04699
.96930
.00711
.00052
.00980
.00124
.03911
.05994
.00307
.00126
.04939
.00027
.00201
.00117
.01193
.01293
.00211
.04044
.03584
.00273
.01415
.00085
.00108
.00727
.04164
.00112
.00996
.00377
.01159
.00282
.02101
.01270
.00211
.11691
.00255
.02362
.00810

.00181
.00109
.00028
.00028
.00844
.00058
.00756
.00353
.00445
.00772
.01906
.00092
.01139
.00017
.00074
.00471
.01133
.05284
.00008
.00181
.00695
.16780
.03867
.00046
.04524
.02125
.03074
.05314
.99277
.00246
.01484
.00298
.04090
.04047
.00203
.00127
.01606
.00033
.00162
.00066
.00601
.00666
.00144
.00910
.00239
.00338
.00227
.00080
.00282
.00696
.03726
.00111
.00826
.00336
.0120
.00358
.01858
.01202
.00168
.12170
.00234
.02240
.00792

.00160
.00126
.00028
.00026
.00877
.00287
.00827
.00365
.00465
.00831
.01515
.00084
.00835
.00015
.00071
.00282
.01267
.03233
.00007
.00156
.00739
.17282
.06168
.00041
.03050
.03666
.03869
.01269
.02258
.93224
.01397
.01553
.08747
.04504
.00221
.00386
.04161
.00027
.00212
.00262
.00849
.00481
.00061
.01215
.00109
.00396
.00597
.00084
.00222
.00707
.03416
.00105
.00905
.00336
.01373
.00374
.01816
.01206
.00164
.15523
.00245
.02246
.00866

.00133
.00074
.00030
.00020
.00891
.00026
.00746
.00495
.00375
.00646
.01852
.00082
.00830
.00016
.00067
.00281
.01054
.0340
.00005
.00146
.01605
.12254
.05871
.00036
.01474
.03507
.02522
.00213
.00719
.00227
.94914
.00789
.01986
.04639
.00196
.00092
.02830
.00101
.00277
.00066
.00560
.00243
.00088
.00514
.00106
.00068
.00371
.00071
.00149
.00583
.02860
.00093
.00729
.00277
.01170
.00301
.01826
.01058
.00144
.08986
.00204
.01909
.00687

.00098
.00061
.00023
.01083
.00027
.01571
.00383
.00456
.00828
.01604
.00082
.00839
.00018
.00073
.00142
.01051
.03207
.00011
.00221
.00749
.10532
.08306
.00034
.02037
.01467
.03961
.00647
.00251
.00251
.02043
1.01134
.04475
.05268
.00363
.00473
.04905
.00025
.00191
.00084
.02332
.00239
.00023
.00301
.00092
.00064
.00586
.00109
.00155
.00598
.02831
.00089
.00843
.00291
.01405
.00365
.01765
.01011
.00140
.12620
.00229
.02084
.00723

.00697
.00030
.00023
.00693
.00025
.01283
.00597
.00465
.00787
.01549
.00117
.01126
.00015
.00077
.00157
.01090
.03965
.00007
.00143
.00802
.11894
.06019
.00033
.01888
.01628
.02906
.01157
.00665
.00295
.01184
.00818
1.02655
.04626
.00205
.00677
.04934
.00047
.00187
.00066
.00868
.00248
.00026
.00560
.00151
.00048
.00529
.00105
.00270
.00591
.02717
.00088
.00794
.00282
.01308
.00379
.01898
.01116
.00153
.10980
.00225
.02070
.00727

.00116
.00203
.00017
.00017
.00452
.00026
.00595
.00373
.00393
.00633
.01123
.00058
.00554
.00010
.00048
.00115
.00882
.01335
.00005
.00146
.00723
.10914
.09875
.00024
.01111
.01534
.03391
.00480
.00474
.00070
.02557
.00322
.02266
1.01054
.00174
.00127
.00703
.00015
.00644
.00045
.00737
.00240
.00024
.00477
.00278
.00105
.00261
.00077
.00090
.00576
.02445
.00082
.00658
.00246
.00972
.00312
.01867
.01030
.00130
.07641
.00191
.01856
.00643

.00158
.00076
.00036
.00034
.00694
.00065
.01381
.00863
.00867
.01402
.02039
.00111
.01023
.00021
.00105
.00151
.01042
.03680
.00009
.00550
.00431
.02405
.04721
.00047
.01305
.01708
.02398
.00139
.00080
.00041
.00399
.00155
.00269
.00973
1.17033
.00098
.03298
.00023
.00482
.01783
.49575
.00261
.00027
.00504
.00067
.00041
.00791
.00642
.00191
.00563
.01925
.00078
.01373
.00330
.02158
.00689
.02039
.00802
.00155
.22541
.00340
.03383
.01055

.00112
.00032
.00025
.00978
.00113
.01476
.00729
.00499
.00838
.02263
.00110
.01508
.00025
.00155
.00451
.01153
.04236
.00008
.00234
.01142
.10561
.11561
.00050
.01347
.03885
.03155
.00411
.00216
.00082
.01038
.00441
.03324
.03565
.00252
1.05213
.06575
.00377
.00854
.00101
.00986
.00215
.00052
.01018
.00093
.00049
.01958
.00096
.00216
.00703
.03268
.00103
.00890
.00325
.01281
.00402
.01923
.01134
.00247
.12724
.00298
.02409
.00820

.00188
.00092
.00026
.00024
.00709
.00036
.01451
.00612
.00550
.00878
.02047
.00099
.01318
.00020
.00149
.00354
.01489
.04149
.00007
.00233
.03692
.08509
.09401
.00044
.00840
.02420
.02055
.02881
.00238
.00154
.00751
.00163
.01396
.02226
.00715
.00117
1.01741
.00117
.01121
.00386
.04238
.00340
.00042
.00542
.00090
.00317
.01058
.00090
.00127
.00743
.02978
.00120
.00833
.00316
.01362
.00444
.01961
.01177
.00156
.12393
.00287
.02388
.00753

.02195
.00029
.00415
.00001
.00536
.00207
.00041
.00068
.00933
.00151
.03199
.01515
.00932
.01399
.05098
.00221
.04684
.00053
.00306
.00925
.01710
.11611
.00013
.00487
.01209
.11405
.08804
.00088
.01541
.03795
.02922
.00226
.00171
.00048
.01150
.00326
.01040
.0110
.00435
.03311
.05480
.94081
.01587
.01937
.03077
.00352
.00043
.00345
.00074
.00048
.03901
.00124
.00271
.00903
.04325
.00146
.00985
.00409
.01542
.00771
.02230
.01422
.00191
.14017
.00449
.02619
.00924

.02798
.00569
.00423
.0110
.01880
.04667
.00388
.00650
.01037
.00323
.00009
.00312
.00421
.00834

.02494
.00629
.00420
.01211
.01596
.04542
.00304
.00710
.01022
.00309
.00009
.00334
.00416
.00741

.02316
.00587
.00372
.01073
.01908
.04340
.00385
.00670
.00941
.00356
.00009
.00281
.00441
.00640

.02720
.00595
.00343
.00961
.02098
.04577
.00402
.00681
.00893
.00338
.00009
.00275
.00443
.00660

.02515
.00518
.00298
.00839
.01766
.03843
.00324
.00629
.00795
.00271
.00007
.00261
.00350
.00595

.02879
.00577
.00313
.00899
.02064
.04271
.00393
.00683
.00802
.00345
.00008
.00261
.00441
.00585

.02369
.00550
.00359
.00963
.01801
.04276
.00407
.00652
.00873
.00329
.00008
.00270
.00395
.00617

.02666
.00498
.00291
.00749
.01696
.04220
.00336
.00562
.00732
.00305
.00008
.00234
.00316
.00582

.04812
.00874
.00431
.02680
.03625
.06909
.00741
.00907
.01056
.00669
.00012
.00603
.00548
.00682

.02507
.00610
.00361
.01117
.01901
.04353
.00432
.00701
.00912
.00391
.00009
.00465
.00377
.00741

.02705
.00575
.00357
.00952
.01701
.04566
.00478
.00668
.00874
.00381
.00009
.00306
.00421
.00648

.02872
.00681
.00381
.01039
.02074
.05025
.00828
.00779
.01035
.00599
.00010
.00495
.00613
.00779

.03043
.00585
.00324
.01022
.01897
.04472
.00663
.00694
.00896
.00476
.00009
.00295
.00420
.00688

.03392
.00690
.00370
.01477
.02779
.05416
.00491
.00752
.00886
.00460
.00010
.00460
.00507
.00556

.03586
.00683
.00507
.01617
.03388
.06243
.00592
.00735
.01067
.00517
.00011
.00540
.00461
.00693

.03055
.00638
.00434
.01151
.02035
.05667
.00493
.00760
.01044
.00412
.00011
.00452
.00453
.00772

.03613
.00827
.00560
.01267
.02947
.05805
.00603
.00905
.07383
.00556
.00012
.00964
.00657
.00950

.02988
.00718
.00547
.01307
.02419
.05594
.00757
.0080
.01438
.00616
.00011
.00669
.00612
.00973

2.07032

2.23746

2.11128

2.18496

1.86668

2.07699

2.00912

1.82495

2.72192

2.21428

2.06789

2.38483

2.06506

2.26588

2.21963

2.23334

2.94051

2.53076




:

mo

1
2

3

4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11

12
13
14
15
16

17
18
19
20+21
22+23

24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B

72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
82
84
85

84

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 5.—Industry-by-Commodity
[Total requirements, direct and indirect, per dollar
Industry
number

Each entry represents the output required, directly and indirectly,
of the industry named at the beginning of the row for each dollar
of delivery to final demand of the commodity named at the head of the column

Aircraft
and parts

61

Commodity number

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C

69A

69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
7X
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
82
84
85

Livestock and livestock products
Other agricultural products
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural, forestry, and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction, including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction .
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Broad and narrow fabrics, yam and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
NowspflpGrs 3no pGriooiCcils
#.....
*
Other printing and publishing
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Footwear, leather, and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
,
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks)
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts
Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freightfoirwarders,"and" related'senfioes
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software .
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating and drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
General government industry
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total industry output multiplier

•Less than .000005.




Other
transportation
equipment

Scientific Ophthalmic
and
and photocontrolling
graphic
instruments equipment
62

Miscellaneous
manufacturing

Railroads
and related
services;
passenger
ground
transportation

Motor
freight
transportation and
warehousing

65A

Water
transportation

Air
transportation

Pipelines,
freight
forwarders,
and related
services

65C

65D

Communications,
except
radio
and TV

65E

63

64

.00068
.00147
.00059
.00159
.00390
.00182
.01083
.00107

.00085
.00233
.00261
.00194
.00549
.00317
.01576
.00148

.00085
.00195
.00074
.00153
.00279
.00204
.01074
.00117

.00078
.00155
.00085
.00124
.00147
.00210
.01432
.00163

.00172
.00520
.00260
.00185
.00459
.00208
.01867
.00194

.00055
.00119
.00073
.00135
.00107
.00217
05692
.00162

.00058
.00097
.00048
.00088
.00055
.00130
.05307
.00079

.00118
.00180
.00057
.00120
.00083
.00201
.02764
.00080

.00168
.00187
.00045
.00095
.00043
.00112
.08017
.00084

.00057
.00112
.00087
.00096
.00035
.00137
.01549
.00056

.00064
.00116
.00054
.00115
.00049
.00083
.00619
.00085

.01899
.02378
.00243

.01621
.00011
.00277

.01795
.00460
.00293

.01584
.00005
.00539

.07329
.00004
.00204

.02002
.00004
.00235

.02334
.00007
.00488

.01885
.00072
.00783

.02423
.00014
.00207

.05264
.00007
.0020

.01545
.00987
.00133
.12081
.00323
.02027
.00746

.00053
.00068
.00032
.00935
.00019
.00519
.00165
.00318
.00829
.01087
.00075
.00328
.00011
.00068
.00113
.06405
.01138
.00007
.00227
.00461
.01923
.00748
.00026
.00455
.00243
.00916
.0050
.00096
.00021
.00231
.00045
.00820
.00596
.00249
.00203
.00934
.00033
.00208
.00073
.00533
.00244
.00084
.01123
.00047
.01845
.00102
.00071
.00116
.93680
.01858
.00148
.00640
.02049
.01533
.00228
.01005
.01090
.00190
.05613
.00767
.02778
.01077

.00051
.00023
.00040
.00423
.00023
.00563
.00247
.00347
.00843
.00916
.00051
.00434
.00011
.00066
.0010
.06212
.01994
.00008
.00115
.00177
.00634
.00456
.00025
.00153
.00215
.00655
.00148
.00044
.00018
.00086
.00043
.00174
.00291
.00191
.00110
.00314
.00012
.00123
.00073
.00447
.00239
.00047
.01416
.00055
.00045
.00099
.00106
.00106
.00561
1.22514
.00820
.01350
.05367
.02554
.00245
.01270
.00796

.00114
.00305
.00331
.00550
.00016
.00782
.00179
.01359
.01818
.00835
.00066
.00378
.00011
.00063
.00172
.02879
.01009
.00020
.00121
.00234
.01165

.02470
.00085
.01759
.00025
.00574
.01606
.13282
.00960
.00023
.00287
.00610
.00027
.98522
.00672
.00307
.00437
.01756
.00065
.00749
.00221
.01386
.00506
.01449
.00631
.00112
.08788
.00233
.02099
.00685

.01680
.00008
.00310
.00001
.00209
.00103
.00021
.00018
.00771
.00020
.04624
.01346
.00595
.00910
.03892
.00145
.02080
.00128
.00169
.00076
.00986
.03650
.00006
.00841
.00248
.01165
.01553
.00042
.00234
.0110
.00782
.00052
.00051
.00019
.00274
.00233
.00147
.00776
.02045
.00055
.00715
.00044
.00152
.00124
.04819
.01647
.00017
.00216
.00032
.00024
.01272
.99906
.00140
.00586
.01963
.00089
.00626
.00228
.01302
.00454
.01208
.00822
.00122
.08696
.00250
.02067
.00657

.05592
.00781
.04101
.02264

.00857
.00250
.00098
.00414
.00030
.00088
.00054
.00427
.00214
.00056
.00302
.00071
.01698
.00106
.00122
.00379
.00297
.01308
1.15764
.00547
.0660
.01353
.01036
.01194
.00742
.00142
.03775
.00249
.05170
.00798

.00029
.00025
.00045
.00388
.00011
.00524
.00152
.00577
.01005
.00744
.00051
.00176
.00011
.00068
.00045
.09614
.00502
.00007
.00084
.00177
.00462
.00388
.00035
.00133
.00148
.00373
.00049
.00046
.00012
.00110
.00031
.00130
.00352
.00411
.00058
.00149
.00013
.00075
.00097
.00816
.00127
.00007
.00173
.03421
.00019
.00339
.00082
.00141
.00306
.01009
.00135
1.01307
.12105
.02266
.00457
.00913

.02120
.00496
.00233
.00867
.01364
.04743
.00488
.00562
.00636
.00412
.00009
.00619
.00337
.00463

.02995
.00503
.00292
.00789
.01846
.04544
.00954
.00605
.00780
.00641
.00010
.00579
.00522
.00568

.03742
.00416
.00232
.02154
.02356
.04694
.00246
.00532
.01341
.00255
.00008
.00577
.00408
.10442

.05313
.00640
.00291
.01332
.02225
.05523
.00265
.00669
.05962
.00344
.00055
.00271
.00541
.01386

.05583
.00412
.00292
.01878
.04398
.14676
.01118
.00445
.0050
.00752
.00022
.00878
.00503
.06352

1.75286

1.98979

1.79582

2.00859

2.07487

.00136
.00042
.00136
.00452
.00092
.00631
.00277
.00347
.00618
.01413
.00080
.01103
.00036
.00064
.00284
.00847
.02976
.00012
.00215
.00558
.03048
.05467
.00034
.00630
.01404
.02729
.00299
.00103
.00025
.01422
.00089
.00576
.02209
.00711
.00062
.00574
.00016
.00152
.01060
.04288
.00301
.00021
.00352
1.18389
.00024
.09526
.00130
.00119
.00422
.01857
.00063
.01272
.01013
.00273
.01350
.00620
.00139
.07442
.00192
.02297
.00673

.00429
.00334
.00047
.00449
.03524
.00181
.00738
.00355
.00404
.00695
.01812
.00109
.01380
.00018
.00079
.00644
.01181
.03815
.00021
.00817
.00613
.10736
.04555
.00050
.02671
.01797
.05010
.00561
.00111
.03115
.01897
.00216
.00486
.03673
.00467
.00473
.00137
.00951
.00554
.02840
.04227
.00368
1.01951
.00720
.00074
.00184
.00678
.03366
.00097
.00835
.00318
.01077
.00324
.01607
.01002
.00169
.10846
.00226
.02133
.00769

.00614
.00115
.00030
.00630
.00099
.01561
.00762
.00638
.00975
.01856
.00097
.01431
.00276
.00128
.00121
.00795
.03454
.00018
.00748
.00427
.02976
.03578
.00050
.01028
.01751
.02651
.00090
.00087
.00023
.00421
.00135
.00347

.02039
.00560
.00349
.01432
.02051
.04305
.00294
.00618
.00780
.00312
.00008
.00575
.00376
.00485

.03033
.00560
.00293
.00924
.01756
.00349
.00655
.00966
.0030
.00008
.00312
.00355
.00623

.02644
.00538
.00273
.01061
.02402
.05108
.00544
.00612
.00678
.00438
.00009
.00439
.00396
.00479

2.03255

2.12101

1.90243

.01859
.00393
.00552
.00215
.02641
.00199
.02697
.02052
.01081
.02029
.04071
.00204
.03502
.00056
.00302
.00645
.0140
.05222
.00160
.00247
.00611
.03475
.06723
.00073
.00532
.00575
.01763
.00088
.00074
.00028
.00430
.00133
.00293
.01173
.01044
.00079
.00665
.00024
.00149
.00133
.01492
.00224
.00025
.00264
.00048
.00493
.00201
.00104
1.02244
.00632
.02957
.00108
.00672
.00291
.01279

0

.00029
.00283
.00226
.01252
.01211
.00083
.00023
.00705
.00075

.00123
.03521
.00204
.03022
.00816
.04547
.00470
.00517
.03852
.02842
.04190
.00490
.02019
.00496
.00462
.00009
.00371
.00406
.02757

.00046 .00077
.00025 .00036
.00206 .00084
.01179 .00023
.00017 .00673
.00925 .00036
.00375 .00697
.00928 .00178
.01887 .00693
.00507 .01337
.00040 .00485
.00257 .00042
.00007 .00242
.00040 .00010
.00046 .00057
.01023 .00102
.00904 .00553
.00016 .00820
.00099 .00011
.00157 .00097
.00422 .00246
.00355 .00558
.00014 .00570
.00167 .00015
.00119 .00306
.00508 .00367
.00135 .00533
.00031 .00196
.00011 .00034
.00059 .00010
.00044 .00072
.00470 .00039
.00305 .00316
.01032 .00178
.00072 .00720
.00255 .00098
.00015 .00382
.00073 .00028
.00147 .00192
.01192 .02048
.00325 .03891
.00198
.00011
.00314 .00011
.00040 .00253
.00028 .00033
.00075 .00018
.00175 .00179
.00227 .00114
.00269 .00178
.01386 .00255
.00208 .00827
.00919 .00052
1.02455 .00614
.04412 .00150
.00714 1.16904
.01481 .00594
.00338 .00785
.00099 .00292
.02703 .00104
.00265 .03054
.00346
.04351
.01290 .02426
.00745
.04769 .03589
.00504 .00517
.00407 .01054
.10478 .01952
.07093 .05116
.06954 .05056
.00766 .00566
.00537 .00529
.00881
.00869
.00622 .02386
.00011 .00009
.01298 .00422
.00832 .00653
.00481
.00371

1.76743

1.74925

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

85

Total Requirements, 1996—Continued
of delivery to final demand, at producers' prices]
Radio
and TV
broadcasting

Electric
services
(utilities)

Gas
production
and
distribution
(utilities)

Water and
sanitary
services

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

67

68A

68B

68C

69A

.00454
.00611
.00043
.00259
.00030
.00148
.00793
.00060

.00051
.00118
.00073
.00137
.00058
.06873
.04136
.00156

.00057
.00155
.00104
.00209
.00093
.00215
.71410
.00227

.00069
.00193
.00144
.00289
.00110
.00683
.06665
.00287

.02453
.00013
.00682

.08791
.00003
.00189

.13741
.00004
.00196

.00118
.00034
.00079
.00038
.00453
.00014
.00873
.00185
.01343
.01850
.00545
.00157
.00189
.00016
.00061
.00059
.00681
.00505
.00045
.00062
.00139
.00295
.00309
.00025
.00148
.00105
.00264
.00039
.00030
.00010
.00053
.00038
.00066
.00151
.00418
.00090
.00237
.00018
.00113
.00217
.01238
.00321
.00011
.00283
.00026
.00049
.00094
.00173
.00317
.00289
.00980
.00048
.00637
.00166
.03363
1.03771

,00$
.00040
.00018
.00026
.00999
.00033
.00340
.00111
.00150
.00403
.00846
.00065
.00218
.00009
.00047
.00101
.02203
.00675
.00006
.00067
.00484
.00725
.00515
.00018
.00478
.00178
.00392
.00396
.00404
.00061
.00114
.00029
.00255
.00420
.00162
.00178
.00350
.00027
.00227
.00054
.00274
.00131
.00012
.00273
.00034
.00083
.00124
.00043
.00088
.02649
.01372
.00478
.00489
.00312
.00720
.00108
.88858
.04165
.00139
.02499
.00510
.02580
.00652

.oooS

Other
Legal, engibusiness
neering,
and
accounting,
professional
and related
services, exservices
cept medical

Finance

Insurance

Owneroccupied
dwellings

Real estate
and
royalties

Hotels
and
lodging
places

Personal
and repair
services
(exc.auto)

Computer
and data
processing
services

69B

70A

70B

71A

71B

72A

72B

73A

.00087
.00145
.00069
.00139
.00039
.00110
.01146
.00053

.00066
.00112
.00039
.00203
.00026
.00192
.01003
.00052

.00046
.00070
.00024
.00092
.00016
.00093
.00566
.00029

.00061
.00089
.00030
.00115
.00022
.00066
.0050
.00033

.00055
.00189
.00037
.00905
.00014
.00016
.00218
.00072

.00064
.00184
.00055
.00672
.00024
.00126
.00751
.00105

.00163
.00294
.00062
.00567
.00032
.00327
.01495
.00103

.00082
.00172
.00049
.00152
.00063
.00154
.01264
.00073

.00059
.00101
.00039
.00167
.00056
.00092
.00605
.00052

.00043
.00070
.00024
.00122
.00016
.00070
.00443
.00028

.00081
.00092
.00029
.00092
.00035
.00069
.00814
.00046

.12552
.00010
.00227

.01386
.00004
.00351

.02170
.00003
.00237

.01126
.00003
.00177

.01282
.00004
.00242

.05005
.00001
.00043

.06708
.00002
.00131

.04311
.00005
.00606

.01817
.00005
.00288

.01668
.00005
.00218

.00972
.00004
.00156

.00105
.00077
.00037
.00033
.01985
.00025
.00560
.00213
.00274
.00638
.02394
.00182
.00509
.00027
.00102
.00181
.05050
.01608
.00007
.00172
.00870
.01161
.00913
.00035
.00676
.00294
.00825
.00147
.00162
.00025
.00127
.00055
.00237
.00756
.00192
.00425
.00510
.00045
.00329
.00125
.00637
.00279
.00074
.02357
.00043
.00091
.01287
.00094
.00136
.00661
.31173
.00492
.00714
.01402
.02275
.00199
.03112
.04087
.37083
.05287
.01142
.03028
.01574

J»Q

.000S

n

.00044
.00101
.00053
.00890
.00017
.01454
.00759
.00876
.02204
.00608
.00124
.00266
.00019
.00126
.00041
.01033
.00894
.00009
.00092
.00127
.00372
.00444
.00097
.00131
.00106
.00320
.00039
.00039
.00105
.00089
.00060
.00085
.00285
.00366
.00079
.00125
.00012
.00085
.00114
.01582
.00122
.00014
.00417
.00029
.00018
.00074
.00174
.00208
.00271
.01134
.00061
.00748
.00246
.02873
.00665
.01091
.00548
.00121
1.04486
.00389
.02304
.00740

.00041
.00020
.00021
.00451
.00015
.01565
.00270
.01363
.01771
.00455
.00051
.00213
.00007
.00065
.00043
.00888
.0070
.00043
.00046
.00130
.00291
.00241
.00013
.00134
.00084
.00279
.00065
.00028
.00011
.00049
.00044
.00064
.00165
.00180
.00075
.00096
.00014
.00098
.00059
.00335
.00106
.00017
.00522
.00021
.00017
.00061
.00094
.00237
.00264
.00968
.00065
.00507
.00156
.01878
.01137
.02116
.00513
.00175
.01646

.00023
.00013
.00031
.00302
.00020
.00812
.00129
.00595
.01732
.00343
.00033
.00152
.00005
.00036
.00052
.00455
.00511
.00009
.00060
.00083
.00233
.00217
.00012
.00085
.00092
.00274
.00038
.00017
.00008
.00039
.00034
.00057
.00101
.00386
.00048
.00097
.00008
.00057
.00084
.00464
.00164
.00014
.00404
.00030
.00022
.00093
.00243
.00175
.00303
.01152
.00062
.00790
.00188
.03589
.00451
.00528
.00227
.00088
.01488
.00184
.12797
1.38204

.00029
.00009
.00018
.00754
.00011
.00390
.00083
.00319
.00579
.00325
.00117
.00129
.00006
.00038
.00077
.00557
.00413
.00005
.00041
.00365
.00299
.00241
.00010
.00336
.00064
.00247
.00028
.00035
.00007
.00035
.00021
.00063
.00093
.00082
.00114
.0010
.00029
.00121
.00050
.00164
.00054
.00007
.0020
.00015
.00017
.00061
.00060
.00098
.00204
.00795
.00048
.00366
.00115
.01233
.00258
.01170
.00496
.00288
.01173
.00402
.01842
.00465

.00450
.00110
.00148
.00755
.00652
.00018
.01008
.00356
.00726
.01211
.00664
.00314
.00333
.00016
.00166
.00063
.00928
.00897
.00041
.00482
.00305
.00343
.00279
.00026
.00228
.00097
.00302
.00048
.00046
.00014
.00060
.00049
.00088
.00155
.00214
.00101
.00156
.00045
.00118
.00076
.00359
.00092
.00011
.00304
.00029
.00029
.00085
.00122
.00244
.00364
.01727
.00080
.00745
.01668
.0230
.00529
.03774
.01262
.00582
.02353
.00448
.07691
.00738

.00585
.00109
.00571
.00295
.00502
.00020
.01329
.00305
.00876
.02116
.01092
.00067
.00512
.00040
.01143
.00073
.00919
.01222
.00418
.00094
.00161
.00624
.00712
.00033
.00167
.00278
.00562
.00044
.00033
.00012
.00097
.00112
.00138
.00309
.01034
.00441
.00293
.01240
.00109
.00124
.01927
.00134
.00012
.00297
.00025
.00025
.00228
.01015
.01633
.00293
.01546
.00062
.00567
.00191
.02267
.00680
.01542
.00885
.00263
.04380
.00262
.02217
.00705

.00056
.00034
.00017
.00017
.00429
.00021
.01619
.00214
.00514
.01665
.00616
.00049
.00280
.00008
.00049
.00042
.00510
.00888
.00009
.00126
.00135
.00476
.00765
.00016
.00208
.00249
.00523
.00041
.00025
.00013
.00086
.00054
.00077
.00227
.08920
.00047
.00484
.00012
.00103
.00267
.08875
.00434
.00010
.00264
.00029
.00018
.00219
.00211
.00172
.00267
.00867
.00048
.00708
.00162
.03353
.00372
.00839
.00312
.00086
.05491
.00175
.02258
.00484

.02037
.03892
.07644
.01166
.00599
.01028
.54724
.00034
.01273
.00688
.00752

.02913
.00347
.00147
.01330
.02340
.03158
.00117
.00416
.00443
.00170
.00006
.00672
.03418
.09899

.1480
.00498
.00150
.00975
.05622
.03841
.00168
.00512
.00649
.00263
.00007
.00279
.00488
.05793

.04423
.00427
.00366
.00913
.04548
.04676
.00215
.00478
.02007
.00260
.00019
.00267
.00581
.42423

.04649
.00530
.00396
.01620
.02374
.07631
.00715
.00553
.01021
.00652
.00012
.00375
.00893
.00486

.08170
.00457
.00442
.01097
.01836
.06306
.01221
.00553
.00782
.00834
.00010
.00255
.01163
.00949

.04865
.00428
.00206
.03066
.04262
.06772
.00546
.00435
.00513
.00463
.00010
.00393
.03451
.00447

.06410
.00739
.00249
.01643
.05564
.08396
.00485
.00753
.02119
.00510
.00013
.00362
.01559
.00392

.00016
.00018
.00002
.00008
.00521
.00004
.00099
.00033
.00049
.00109
.00153
.00187
.00064
.00004
.00015
.00050
.00196
.00201
.00001
.00017
.00192
.00177
.00138
.00005
.00264
.00027
.00131
.00009
.00060
.00003
.00016
.00007
.00032
.00030
.00026
.00070
.00045
.00013
.00077
.00022
.00052
.00021
.00002
.00042
.00003
.00005
.00024
.00014
.00031
.00051
.00281
.00013
.00073
.00030
.00206
.00037
.00123
.00074
.00022
.00577
.00291
.02597
.01024
1 00000
.03887
.00055
.00034
.00140
.00973
.01123
.00040
.00052
.00122
.00046
.00003
.00033
.00127
.00123

MJH

.yyyyr
.03057
.00744

.000^
.00021
.00012
.00044
.00267
.00030
.00832
.00120
.00702
.01695
.00292
.00026
.00110
.00005
.00033
.00023
.00473
.00298
.00010
.00041
.00073
.00168
.00157
.00009
.00071
.00056
.00183
.00028
.00016
.00007
.00031
.00029
.00051
.00084
.00409
.00031
.00082
.00007
.00042
.00074
.00487
.00103
.00007
.00202
.00022
.00017
.00041
.00171
.00212
.00224
.01643
.00114
.00571
.00174
.02525
.00507
.00657
.00327
.00144
.01377
.00130
1.23023
.00799

.000S

.00049
.00014
.00025
.01488
.00015
.00399
.00128
.00204
.00440
.01295
.00082
.00257
.00013
.00060
.00151
.01638
.00672
.00006
.00073
.00760
.01773
.00555
.00022
.00698
.00126
.00746
.00068
.00235
.00041
.00117
.00035
.00215
.00330
.00290
.00228
.00262
.00039
.00364
.00076
.00331
.00117
.00009
.00238
.00033
.00030
.00111
.00068
.00111
.00392
.01253
.00110
.00797
.01401
.00960
.00155
.01592
1.26949
.00141
.03430
.00885
.02778
.00865

1.05425
.00472
.00287
.00378
.02612
.04316
.00278
.00345
.00851
.00257
.00007
.00179
.00547
.02349

.07959
1.00637
.00912
.01362
.02545
.11713
.00572
.00811
.00926
.00504
.00020
.00414
.01004
.01495

.07423
.00447
1.04076
.01042
.05060
.06221
.00730
.00499
.00816
.00553
.00010
.00555
.00861
.00769

2.19852

1.64459

2.77261

2.02146

1.5656

1.53026

1.68265

2.00618

1.22001

1.42929

1.76454

1.73147

i36
I99
66
•88

!63
04
87
i11

66

11
1




OQQQA

«8

D

73B

Advertising

Automotive
repair and
services

73D

73C

Eating
and
drinking
places

74

75

.00161
.00249
.00086
.00154
.00052
.00131
.01007
.00106

.05230
.05054
.00753
.00902
.00054
.00240
.01560
.00118

.00065
.00124
.00058
.00146
.00211
.00184
.01923
.00091

.00960
.00027
.00236

.01690
.00008
.00389

.02321
.00003
.25406

.01827
.00006
.00240

.00018
.00012
.00014
.00263
.00014
.00749
.00130
.00293
.01235
.00302
.00030
.00117
.00005
.00043
.00023
.00382
.00364
.00015
.0010
.00079
.00171
.00160
.00009
.00066
.00059
.00190
.00025
.00017
.00009
.00045
.00038
.00048
.00120
.00475
.00032
.00096
.00007
.00039
.00073
.00489
.00182
.00006
.00172
.00021
.00019
.00058
.00266
.00160
.00183
.00740
.00047
.00562
.00131
.02111
.00169
.00649
.00231
.00066
.01423
.00123
.02275
.00455

.00055
.00027
.00045
.00017
.00288
.00013
.00952
.00291
.00387
.01163
.00793
.00041
.00212
.00014
.00150
.00046
.00767
.00664
.00023
.00136
.00116
.00384
.00307
.00025
.00089
.00129
.00274
.00085
.00060
.00057
.00214
.00198
.00207
.00279
.00411
.00075
.00421
.00011
.00093
.00069
.00746
.00154
.00014
.00344
.00031
.00113
.00106
.00304
.00228
.00290
.01010
.00048
.00683
.00176
.02108
.00267
.00618
.00321
.00076
.02230
.00298
.01918
.00573

.00169
.0010
.00045
.00035
.01067
.00018
.07694
.00420
.24770
.28161
.01822
.00105
.00574
.00020
.00101
.00065
.00788
.01188
.00020
.00070
.00139
.00383
.00425
.00028
.00128
.00107
.00320
.00043
.00032
.00016
.00085
.00199
.00092
.00224
.00311
.00061
.00173
.00013
.00079
.00135
.00662
.00143
.00010
.00283
.00025
.00036
.00124
.00360
.02454
.00463
.01857
.00064
.00608
.00206
.04753
.21228
.01134
.00534
.00109
.04188
.00235
.02023
.00867

.00137
.00091
.00028
.00088
.00576
.00018
.01816
.01045
.00868
.01549
.01071
.00515
.00472
.00112
.00126
.00068
.01149
.01823
.00015
.00429
.0030
.00513
.00572
.00574
.00153
.00142
.00379
.00044
.00060
.00017
.00068
.00144
.00203
.00194
.00141
.00081
.00120
.00018
.00110
.00049
.00323
.00110
.00014
.00398
.00028
.00026
.00067
.00071
.00305
.00639
.02670
.00118
.0070
.00279
.01296
.00708
.02477
.01022
.00314
.08564
.00385
.02485
.00743

.00181
.00104
.00057
.00115
.00463
.00180
.00901
.00335
.00721
.01216
.01238
.00070
.00727
.00014
.00128
.00312
.01809
.02795
.00015
.00599
.00286
.02550
.02056
.00032
.00331
.01644
.01626
.00642
.00084
.00021
.00222
.00086
.00409
.01029
.00299
.00753
.00504
.00029
.00403
.00089
.01189
.00677
.00380
.11203
.00067
.00034
.00209
.00123
.00179
.00461
.02033
.00094
.00794
.00410
.02109
.00563
.01441
.00810
.00213
.06716
.00779
.26909
.01048

.09737
.00498
.00368
1.0873
.03112
.07135
.0040
.00547
.00904
.00415
.00011
.01477
.00886
.00455

.06652
.00609
.00197
.02238
1.08531
.12233
.00186
.00429
.00622
.00261
.00017
.00589
.01145
.00347

.03748
.00567
.00357
.01674
.04116
1.06067
.00349
.00639
.00811
.00484
.00145
.00473
.00799
.00323

.04573
.00490
.00392
.01242
.03230
.14974
.22741
.00521
.00946
.11978
.00016
.01078
.00735
.00501

.07299
.00528
.00445
.00848
.02057
.05244
.00761
1.01406
.00935
.01759
.00116
.00348
.01058
.00991

.06851
.00576
.01145
.01499
.02606
.05511
.00605
.00609
.81494
.00510
.00009
.00333
.01267
.01248

1.83282

1.52441

1.45277

1.80037

2.0505

1.92657

n

f

Industry
number

1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11

12
13
14
15
16

17
18
19
20+21
22+23

24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A
69B
70A
70B
71A
71B

72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
82
84
85

86 • January 2ooo

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 5.—Industry-by-Commodity Total Requirements, 1996—Continued
[Total requirements, direct and indirect, per dollar of delivery to final demand, at producers' prices]

Industry
number

Each entry represents the output required, directly and indirectly,
of the industry named at the beginning of the row for each dollar
of delivery to final demand of the commodity named at the head of the column

69B
70A
70B
71A
71B
72A
72B
73A
73B
73C
73D
74
75
76
77A
77B
78
79
82
84
85

Health
services

77B

Federal
Government
enterprises

State and
Nonlocal govcomparable
ernment
imports
enterprises

76

77A

78

79

Livestock and livestock products
Other aaricultural Droducts
Forestry and fishery products
Agricultural forestry and fishery services
Metallic ores mining
Coal mining
Crude petroleum and natural gas
.
Nonmetallic minerals mining
New construction including own-account construction
Maintenance and repair construction, including own-account construction
Ordnance and accessories
Food and kindrod products

.00919
.01224
.00054
.00428
.00032
.00186
.00977
.00069

.00287
.00359
.00059
.0030
.00052
.00152
.01110
.00104

.00420
.00469
.00086
.00344
.00040
.00141
.01196
.00105

.00233
.00284
.00072
.00101
.00063
.01015
.02553
.00080

.02267
.00023
.01216

.01788
.00011
.01262

.05136
.00005
.01709

.03421
.00004
.01114

.002$
.00046
.00150
.00062
.00514
.00014
.00960
.00240
.01252
.01799
.00645
.00299
.00234
.00026
.00080
.00079
.0080
.00594
.00086
.00064
.00136
.00312
.00316
.00039
.00142
.00108
.00289
.00037
.00037
.00011
.00053
.00038
.00067
.00154
.00203
.00126
.00115
.00014
.00156
.00069
.00377
.00555
.00012
.00321
.00026
.00085
.00071
.00122
.00434
.00297
.01032
.00058
.00598
.00169
.01870
.010
.02072
.00530
.00171
.03348
.00289
.02241
.00662

.00185
.00066
.00155
.00135
.00401
.00019
.01074
.00354
.00398
.01091
.02332
.00130
.00538
.02063
.00190
.00050
.00789
.01767
.00017
.00293
.00202
.00346
.00310
.00051
.00132
.00172
.00313
.00035
.00031
.00012
.00059
.00058
.00069
.00165
.00491
.00070
.00151
.00016
.00170
.00093
.00705
.00111
.00011
.00287
.00036
.00020
.01671
.00288
.00141
.00337
.01165
.00072
.00694
.00189
.01884
.00256
.01531
.00670
.00188
.03536
.00233
.01920
.01014

!00058
.00070
.00059
.00994
.00021
.02031
.00347
.01299
.0550
.00811
.00120
.00317
.00044
.00132
.00096
.01004
.00962
.00058
.00208
.00254
.00428
.00369
.00052
.00273
.00136
.00412
.00040
.00040
.00013
.00068
.00067
.00085
.00187
.00276
.00115
.00146
.00029
.00210
.00096
.00525
.00148
.00013
.00362
.00026
.00030
.00173
.00281
.00512
.00339
.01451
.00085
.00651
.00205
.02030
.00677
.01360
.00659
.00198
.03637
.00472
.03351
.00781

!00090
.00033
.00279
.00592
.00748
.00863
.00406
.00212
.01467
.00739
.00057
.00251
.00013
.00124
.00071
.02633
.00576
.00065
.00075
.0020
.00705
.00634
.00038
.00224
.00251
.00350
.00214
.00086
.00028
.00089
.00038
.00204
.00445
.00113
.00121
.00127
.00014
.00130
.00040
.00302
.00125
.00065
.02064
.00091
.00102
.00070
.00073
.00106
.01113
.03498
.02716
.02354
.00693
.01014
.00129
.00936
.00859
.00337
.03215
.00263
.0220
.00756

.08411
.00609
.00396
.01364
.02920
.07769
.00278
.00884
.00980
.00312
1.01903
.00502
.01229
.00664

.12449
.00539
.00390
.01831
.02970
.09977
.00730
.00864
.00958
.01028
.00023
1.00772
.01295
.00740

.03182
.00194
.00137
.00665
.01340
.04788
.00141
.00331
.00759
.00139
.00013
.00182
1.0036
.00952

Rest-ofthe-world
adjustment
to final
uses

Household
industry

81

82

83

84

Inventory
valuation
adjustment

.00109
.00084
.00058
.00033
.02177
.00022
.00539
.00170
.00252
.00634
.02232
.0030
.00424
.00027
.00125
.00224
.04852
.01102
.00006
.00154
.01411
.01190
.00897
.00034
.00992
.00219
.00714
.00198
.00286
.00030
.00137
.00053
.00253
.01181
.00150
.00733
.00831
.00067
.00439
.00123
.00418
.00249
.00026
.00682
.00028
.00168
.00229
.00071
.00157
.00896
.02502
.00619
.00432
.00435
.01279
.00188
.03652
.05042
.02812
.04340
.01078
.03050
.00740

.08910
.00502
.00464
.00968
.03825
.06893
.01074
.00556
.00959
1.18749
.00060
.00344
.00833
.00974

General
government
industry

.20005
.00005
.00196

Broad and narrow fabrics, yarn and thread mills
Miscellaneous textile goods and floor coverings
Apparel
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products
Lumber and wood Droducts
Furniture and fixtures
Paper and allied products, except containers
Paperboard containers and boxes
Newspapers and periodicals
Other Drintina and Dublishina
Industrial and other chemicals
Agricultural fertilizers and chemicals
Plastics and synthetic materials
Drugs
Cleaning and toilet preparations
Paints and allied products
Petroleum refining and related products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products ...
Footwear leather and leather products
Glass and glass products
Stone and clay products
Primary iron and steel manufacturing
Primary nonferrous metals manufacturing
Metal containers
Heating, plumbing, and fabricated structural metal products
Screw machine products and stampings
Other fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Farm, construction, and mining machinery
Materials handling machinery and equipment .
Metalworking machinery and equipment
Special industry machinery and equipment
General industrial machinery and equipment ..
Miscellaneous machinery, except electrical
Computer and office equipment
Service industry machinery
Electrical industrial equipment and apparatus .
Household appliances
Electric lighting and wiring equipment
Audio, video, and communication equipment..
Electronic components and accessories
Miscellaneous electrical machinery and supplies
Motor vehicles (passenger cars and trucks) ...
Truck and bus bodies, trailers, and motor vehicles parts
Aircraft and parts

Scrap,
used and
secondhand
goods

.00074
.00245
.00152
.00517
.00105
.01287
.07563
.00426

.04998
.00272
.00261
.00817
.05187
.04598
.00204
.00348
.00833
.00198
.00009
.00271
.00675
1.00196

Commodity number
1
2
3
4
5+6
7
8
9+10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20+21
22+23
24
25
26A
26B
27A
27B
28
29A
29B
30
31
32
33+34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44+45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59A
59B
60
61
62
63
64
65A
65B
65C
65D
65E
66
67
68A
68B
68C
69A

Amusements

Educational
and social
services,
and
membership
organizations

Other transportation equipment
Scientific and controlling instruments
Ophthalmic and photographic equipment
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Railroads and related services; passenger ground transportation
Motor freight transportation and warehousing .
Water transportation
Air transportation
Pipelines, freight forwarders, and related services
Communications, except radio and TV
Radio and TV broadcasting
Electric services (utilities)
Gas production and distribution (utilities)
Water and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance
Insurance
Owner-occupied dwellings
Real estate and royalties
Hotels and lodging places
Personal and repair services (except auto)
Computer and data processing services, including own-account software
Legal, engineering, accounting, and related services
Other business and professional services, except medical
Advertising
Eating arid drinking places
Automotive repair and services
Amusements
Health services
Educational and social services, and membership organizations
Federal Government enterprises
State and local government enterprises
General government industry
Household industry
Inventory valuation adjustment
Total industry output multiplier

* Less than .000005.




80

85

1.00000
100000
1.79421

1.65654

1.79734

1.58793

2.01999

1.00000

1.00000

1.00000
1.00000

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

An Ownership-Based Disaggregation of the U.S. Current Account, 1982-97
REPORT UPDATES the presentation of an
ownership-based disaggregation of the currentaccount portion of the U.S. international transactions
accounts (balance of payments).1
The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) developed
this presentation in the first half of the 1990's in response to increased demands for a supplement to the
existing international transactions presentation that
would provide additional information about ownership.2 These demands arose from the increased
interdependence of world economies as a result of the
more prominent role of multinational companies in
international markets and as commercial agreements
increasingly covered not only cross-border sales but
also sales through locally established affiliates.
Like the traditional international transactions accounts, the ownership-based disaggregation is organized by residency, but it disaggregates currentaccount transactions to show additional information
on ownership and on sales through overseas affiliates.
Essentially a different way of presenting the same information, the ownership-based disaggregation is fully
consistent conceptually with the traditional accounts
and could be viewed as a "satellite" of those accounts.3
The estimates for 1982-96 have been revised to incorporate the latest estimates of U.S. international
transactions, and the estimates for 1996 have been revised to incorporate the latest estimates of the financial
and operating data of foreign-owned affiliates in the
United States and of U.S.-owned affiliates abroad; new
estimates are presented for 1997. In addition, the table
1. For a review of the sources and methods used to prepare the disaggregated estimates, see Obie G. Whichard and Jeffrey H. Lowe, "An
Ownership-Based Disaggregation of the U.S. Current Account, 1982-93," SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS 75 (October 1995): 52-61. For a general review
of the issues relating to ownership relationships in international transactions,
see J. Steven Landefeld, Obie G. Whichard, and Jeffrey H. Lowe, "Alternative Frameworks for U.S. International Transactions," SURVEY 73 (December
1993): 50-61.
2. Among those calling for more information on ownership was a National Academy of Sciences study panel. See National Research Council,
Panel on Foreign Trade Statistics, Behind the Numbers: U.S. Trade in the
World Economy, ed. Anne Y. Kester (Washington, DC: National Academy
Press, 1992).
3. As described in the System of National Accounts, satellite accounts
are accounts that augment the central national accounts by "expanding"
the analytical capacity of national accounting for selected areas...in a flexible manner, without overburdening or disrupting the central system"; they
may introduce additional information, alternative accounting frameworks,
or "complementary or alternative concepts," while maintaining linkages to
the central accounts. See Commission of the European Communities, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and
Development, United Nations, and World Bank, System of National Accounts,
1993 (Brussels/Luxembourg, New York, Paris, and Washington, DC, 1993):
489.

reflects the changes that were made to the U.S. international transactions accounts in last summer's annual
revision: A small part of unilateral transfers has been
reclassified to the new capital account, and, beginning with 1986, compensation of employees has been
reclassified from the services account to the income
account.4
In the standard presentation of the current-account
estimates, U.S. sales to foreigners consist only of the
goods and services that are delivered to foreign markets directly from the United States (shown in line
3 of table 1). In the ownership-based presentation,
U.S. international "sales" (line 2) also include the income that is received by U.S. companies from the
sale of goods and services by their subsidiaries abroad
(line 8). Similarly, in the ownership-based presentation, U.S. international "purchases" (line 22) includes
the income that is paid by foreign-owned firms in
the United States to their foreign owners, as well as
the goods and services that are delivered to the U.S.
market from abroad. These additions, which raise
the value of total U.S. sales and purchases, provide a
more comprehensive basis for assessing the effect of
net "overseas" sales on the U.S. economy.
In the table, the balance on goods, services, and net
receipts from sales by affiliates (line 43) shows the net
result of the active participation of U.S. companies in
international markets. In every year, this balance has
been more favorable than either the balance on goods
and services or the balance on current account; in
1997, this balance was -$35.5 billion, compared with
-$104.7 billion for the balance on goods and services.
The ownership-based presentation highlights the
role of multinational corporations' (MNC'S) overseas
operations by showing subtotals (lines 2 and 22) that
group the income received by MNC'S from sales by
their overseas affiliates with the shipments of goods
and sales of services from domestic providers. Like
the standard presentation, the ownership-based presentation distinguishes between these two methods of
servicing international markets, which have different
effects on the domestic economy. For example, because of the high labor content in professional services,
the domestic economy is affected differently, depending on whether a U.S. accounting or engineering firm
decides to serve its European clients from its U.S. offices or from those of its local affiliate; if the client
is served from its U.S. office, the entire value of the
service accrues to the U.S. economy, but if the client
is served by its local affiliate, then only the net U.S.

NOTE.—This report was prepared by Jeffrey H. Lowe.

4. For the details, see Christopher L. Bach, "U.S. International
Transactions, Revised Estimates for 1982-98," SURVEY 79 (July 1999): 60-74.

THIS




88 • January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

receipt of investment income resulting from the sale
accrues to the U.S. economy.
Additional information on ownership relationships
is provided by the disaggregation of trade in goods
and in services into trade between affiliated parties
(that is, trade within MNC'S) and trade between unaffiliated parties. Trade within MNC'S is disaggregated
into trade between U.S. parent companies and their
foreign affiliates and trade between U.S. affiliates of
foreign companies and their foreign parent groups.
For receipts and payments of direct investment income, the table shows how the income is derived from
the production and sales of affiliates.5 To highlight
the links between the income and the activities that
5. These detailed estimates can be provided only for nonbank affiliates.




produce it, the income is designated "net receipts or
payments of direct investment income resulting from
sales by affiliates."
In addition to providing an alternative disaggregation of current-account transactions, table 1 provides,
in addenda, supplemental information on the U.S.
and foreign content of affiliates' output that assists
in describing affiliate operations and analyzing the
role of direct investment as a vehicle for supplying
international markets. For both foreign and U.S. affiliates, output sold (or added to inventory) is broken
down between U.S. content and foreign content; the
source of the content is then broken down between
the affiliates' own value added and other content.
Table 1 follows. £ j |

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000 •

89

Table 1.—Ownership-Based Disaggregation of the U.S. Current Account, 1982-97
[Billions of dollars]
1982

Line
Exports of goods and services and income receipts (IT table 1, line 1)
Receipts resulting from exports of goods and services or sales by
foreign affiliates
3
3a
3b
4

Exports of goods and services
Goods, balance of payments basis (IT table 1, line 3)
Services (IT table 1, line 4)
To unaffiliated foreigners

4a
4b
5
5a
5b
6
6a
6b
7

7a
7b

10
11
12
13
14
15

Services
To affiliated foreigners
. ...
Goods
Services
To foreign affiliates of U.S. companies
Goods
Services
To foreign parent groups of U.S. affiliates
Goods
Services
Net receipts by U.S. companies of direct investment income resulting
from sales by their foreign affiliates (IT table 1, line 14)
Nonbank affiliates
Sales by foreign affiliates
Less: Foreign affiliates' purchases of goods and services from the
United States
Less. Costs and profits accruing to foreigners
Compensation of employees of foreign affiliates
Other
Less: Sales by foreign affiliates to other foreign affiliates of the same
parent
; affiliab

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

366.9

356.2

400.1

387.8

406.1

456.2

324.7

345.9

394.3
347.8

215.9
73.2
189.7
128.2
61.6
99.4
87.8
11.6
71.3
61.9
9.5
28.0
25.9
2.1

308.8
223.3
85.4
211.3
140.4
70.9
97.5
83.0
14.6
72.7
61.1
11.6
24.9
21.9
3.0

1990
567.3

649.9

1991

1992

1993

708.1

729.5

748.4

776.4

1994

1995

1997

1,005.7 1,074.4 1,197.2

550.6

602.4

639.0

673.9

709.5

779.9

889.5

953.1 1,054.3

580.0
416.9
163.0
412.0
277.6
134.4
168.0
139.3
28.6
120.6
97.1
23.5
47.4
42.2
5.1

615.9
440.4
175.6
428.7
285.6
143.1
187.2
154.8
32.5
131.4
106.0
25.4
55.8
48.8
7.1

641.8
456.8
185.0
448.2
295.7
152.5
193.6
161.1
32.5
139.6
113.8
25.8
54.0
47.4
6.7

702.1

793.5

362.1
126.2
341.4
238.4
103.0
147.0
123.7
23.3
109.2
89.4
19.7
37.8
34.3
3.5

536.1
389.3
146.8
381.3
261.5
119.9
154.7
127.8
26.9
112.5
90.1
22.4
42.2
37.8
4.5

502.4
199.7
472.5
313.0
159.6
229.5
189.4
40.1
170.8
138.3
32.6
58.7
51.1
7.5

575.8
217.6
540.2
365.9
174.3
253.2
209.9
43.3
187.1
152.7
34.4
66.2
57.2
8.9

849.8
612.1
237.7
579.7
389.5
190.3
270.1
222.6
47.5
198.6
161.8
36.8
71.5
60.8
10.7

304.6

297.9

326.6

275.2
211.2
64.1
193.3
139.0
54.3
81.9
72.2
9.8
55.4
47.1
8.3
26.5
25.0
1.5

266.1
201.8
64.3
183.9
129.8
54.0
82.2
72.0
10.3
58.0
49.4
8.6
24.3
22.6
1.7

291.1
219.9
71.2
196.5
136.1
60.3
94.6
83.8
10.8
65.6
56.7
8.9
29.0
27.1
1.9

29.4
26.0
935.8

31.8
28.7
886.3

35.5
32.6

35.6
33.6
895.5

37.1
35.8

65.0
721.3
111.7
609.6

66.1
668.4
102.8
565.6

75.3
668.3
100.7
567.6

79.1
659.4
102.4
557.1

82.6
675.5
117.6
557.9

92.2
752.9
136.1
616.8

110.9
840.9
151.5
689.4

122.3
138.8
147.4
157.6 192.0 212.3 230.9 256.2
128.8
907.6 1,064.8 1,098.6 1,106.4 1,088.6 1,199.4 1,378.6 1,508.7 1,555.7
165.8
196.1
201.1
224.3
184.8
201.5
240.8
252.6
261.2
741.8
902.4 904.9 887.5 975.1 1,137.8 1,256.1 1,294.4
880.0

123.4
3.4

123.0
3.1

122.4
2.9

123.3
2.0

135.1
•1.4

161.5
0.4

185.9
1.8

193.0
0.2

233.9
0.4

245.4
0.3

264.5
2.2

260.4
3.7

292.0
3.9

357.1
3.2

394.1
3.3

432.1
3.4

88.1
82.4
4.1
1.5

116.2
109.8
4.7
1.8

121.3
115.0
4.6
1.8

142.9
137.5
3.6
1.8

250.2
97.6
245.9
164.7
81.2
101.9
85.5
16.4
79.7
66.4
13.3
22.2
19.1
3.1

430.3
320.2
110.0
305.4
214.4
91.0
124.9
105.8
19.1
95.4
79.4
16.0
29.4
26.4
3.0

58.7
46.5
62.3
46.2
57.0
62.0
1,052.8 1,194.7 1,284.9

9383
679.7
258.8
640.4
433.8
206.5
298.2
245.9
52.3
223.6
183.1
40.5
74.6
62.8
11.8

67.7
77.9
66.3
59.1
58.0
96.0 103.3 115.8
65.9
58.8
64.0
74.0
55.8
92.7 100.0 112.4
1,493.4 1,541.6 1,574.1 1,570.6 1,757.4 2,040.7 2,233.7 2,356.4

17
18
19
20

Other income receipts
Other private receipts on U.S.-owned assets abroad (IT table 1, line 15)
U.S. Government receipts (IT table 1, line 16)
Compensation of employees (IT table 1, line 17)

62.3
58.2
4.1
n.a.

58.3
53.4
4.8
n.a.

73.5
68.3
5.2
n.a.

63.1
57.6
5.5
n.a.

60.1

52.8
6.4
0.9

61.9
55.6
5.3
1.0

78.3
70.6
6.7
1.0

99.3
92.6
5.7
1.0

105.8
94.1
10.5
1.2

90.5
81.2
8.0
1.3

74.5
66.0
7.1
1.4

66.9
60.4
5.1
1.4

21

Imports of goods and services and income payments (IT table 1, line 18) ...

356.0

377.6

474.1

484.1

530.5

594.8

664.2

721.7

759.6

735.0

763.2

823.2

950.5 1,083.8 1,1613 1,298.7

301.5

328.1

408.8

418.2

455.8

508.6

558.3

587.3

619.9

607.7

823.9

923.2

989.7 1,089.8

3239
268.9
55.0

400.2
332.4
67.7
272.7
209.2
63.5

411.0
338.1

448.6
368.4
80.1
295.3
220.0
75.3
153.3
148.4
4.8
57.5
55.0
2.5
95.7
93.4
2.3

500.6

545.7
447.2
98.5
350.4
259.3

579.8
477.4
102.5

616.0
498.3
117.7

609.4

409.8
90.8
325.3
241.2

656.3
652.9
536.5

720.9

299.4
247.6

84.1
175.2

91.1
195.3

365.6
272.7
92.9

386.9
280.6
106.3
229.1

168.6
6.7
63.6

108.2
3.4

187.9
7.5
73.1
69.5
3.6
122.2
118.4
3.9

711.7
589.4
122.3
449.8
341.5
108.2
262.0
247.9
14.1
103.1
97.1
6.0
158.9
150.8
8.1

800.5
668.6
131.9
494.6
379.1
115.5
305.9
289.5
16.4
121.8
114.9
7.0
184.1
174.6

891.0
749.6
141.4
558.6
436.1
122.6
332.4
313.5
18.9
129.7
122.3
7.4
202.7
191.2

9.4

11.4

954.1 1,043.3
803.3
876.4
150.8
166.9
598.3
675.7
468.5
533.5
129.8
142.2
355.8
367.6
334.8
342.9
24.7
21.0
157.3
145.0
147.4
137.2
9.9
7.8
210.3
210.8
195.5
197.7
13.1
14.8

12.6
7.4
-1.7
32.2
3.3
9.1
23.5
356
3.9
46.6
11.1
8.7
7.0
5.4
-1.3
20.6
27.6
3.5
32.7
42.6
886.4 1,056.6 1,175.9 1,185.9 1,232.0 1,329.4 1,443.5 1,544.6 1,667.6 1,717.2
159.4
192.0
176.6
188.7
208.7
241.8
186.0
262.3
281.8
276.3
715.9
873.1
981.8 1,001.2 1,036.5 1,112.1 1,181.1 1,254.7 1,353.1 1,398.3
182.1
119.6
144.2
163.6
176.0
193.0
200.6
206.4
220.6
230.3
854.4
728.9
596.3
818.2
919.1
825.2
980.5 1,048.4 1,132.5 1,168.0

22

23
23a
23b
24
24a
24b
25

25a
25b

26
26a
26b
27
27a
27b
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Payments resulting from imports of goods and services or sales by
imports of goods and services
Goods, balance of payments basis (IT table 1, line 20)
Services (IT table 1, line 21)
From unaffiliated foreigners
Goods
Services
From affiliated foreigners
Goods
'...'.
Services
From foreign affiliates of U.S. companies
Goods
Services
From foreign parent groups of U.S. affiliates

Goods
Services
Net payments to foreign parents of direct investment income resulting
from sales by their U.S. affiliates (IT table 1, line 31)
Nonbank affiliates
Sales by U.S. affiliates
Less: U.S. affiliates' purchases of goods and services from abroad
Less. Costs and profits accruing to U.S. persons
Compensation of employees of U.S. affiliates
Other
Less: Sales by U.S. affiliates to other U.S. affiliates of the same
parent 1
Bank affiliates

44

45
46
47
48
49
50

51
52
53
54

156.4
47.5

221.6
170.5
51.1
102.3

72.9
270.8
202.3

116.5
408.2
304.8
103.4
244.7
231.7
13.0

3.9
45.8
43.6
2.2
56.4
54.8
1.6

123.2
4.2
55.0
52.8
2.2
72.5
70.5
2.0

68.5
140.1
135.8
4.4
56.5
54.0
2.4
83.7
81.7
1.9

61.5
369.5

4.2
3.4
536.6
83.1
450.1
66.8
383.3

8.7
8.0
593.6
102.5
483.1
73.2
409.9

7.3
5.9
633.0
115.3
511.8
79.9
431.9

7.2
5.9
672.0
128.1
538.0
86.5
451.5

8.1
7.8
744.6
147.0
589.8
96.0
493.8

n.a.
0.7

n.a.
0.8

n.a.
0.7

n.a.
1.4

n.a.
1.3

n.a.
0.2

n.a.
1.5

n.a.
0.5

n.a.
-1.4

n.a.
-0.5

n.a.
-O.2

n.a.
0.5

n.a.
2.8

n.a.
4.6

n.a.
2.9

95.4
91.2
4.2
42.1
39.3
2.8
53.4
51.9
1.4

2.1
1.4
518.1
85.7
431.0

98.4

127.5

60.4
3.2
111.6

214.3
204.7

9.6
79.6
74.7
4.9
134.7
129.9
4.8

217.8

11.3
85.9
80.3
5.6

143.2
137.5
5.8

215.6
12.7
88.9
83.5
5.4
139.4
132.2
7.3

99.4
93.9
5.5
145.3
137.8
7.5

n.a.
3.9

54.5

49.5

65.3

65.9

74.7

86.2

105.9

134.4

139.7

127.4

106.9

102.3

126.6

160.6

171.8

208.9

35.2
19.3
n.a.

30.5
19.0
n.a.

44.2
21.2
n.a.

42.7
23.1
n.a.

47.4
24.6
2.7

57.7
26.2
2.3

72.3
31.7
1.8

93.8
38.4
2.3

95.5
40.8
3.5

82.5
40.9
4.0

63.1
39.1
4.8

57.8
39.4
5.1

76.5
44.2
6.0

97.0
57.4
6.3

97.9
67.6
6.3

114.1
88.1
6.8

-17.1

-17.8

-20.7

-22.8

-24.8

-24.0

-26.1

-27.1

-27.8

9.8

-35.9

-38.5

-39.2

-35.4

-42.2

-42.0

-24.2

-57.8

-109.1

-121.9

-139.8 -152.8 -115.5

-91.5

-79.9

-29.5

-37.0

-69.9

-98.4

-97.5

-104.3

-104.7

3.2
-6.2

-30.2
-39.2

-82.3
-94.8

-93.6
-119.1

-109.8
-149.2

-36.7
-98.9

-17.5
-79.3

31.3
4.3

17.6
-50.6

-11.4
-85.3

-44.0
-121.7

-53.7
-113.6

Addenda:
Source of the content of foreign nonbank affiliates' sales: 2
Output sold to nonaffiliates or added to inventory, total (line 10 minus
line 15 plus the change in inventories)
Foreign content
Value added by foreign affiliates of U.S. companies
Other foreign content
U.S. content

802.9
737.9
286.7
451.2
65.0

746.7
680.6
272.1
408.5
66.1

773.7
698.5
276.1
422.4
75.3

779.0
699.9
280.4
419.5
79.1

800.9
718.2
298.8
419.4
82.6

908.1 1,019.4 1,094.2 1,277.0 1,294.8 1,304.1 1,301.7 1,484.5 1,700.0 1,844.4 1,925.4
908.4
815.9
971.9 1,148.2 1,156.0 1,156.6 1,144.1 1,292.5 1,487.7 1,613.6 1,669.2
348.2
383.1
403.1
441.6
440.6 442.2 494.1 560.9 595.7 617.2
440.0
467.7
525.3
714.4 716.1 701.9 798.4 926.8 1,017.9 1,052.1
568.8
708.2
92.2
110.9
157.6
122.3
138.8
147.4
192.0 212.3 230.9 256.2
128.8

Source of the content of U.S. nonbank affiliates' sales: 2
Output sold to nonaffiliates or added to inventory, total (line 30 minus
line 35 plus the change in inventories)
U.S. content
Value added by U.S. affiliates of foreign companies
Other U.S. content
Foreign content

521.5
435.8
103.5
332.3
85.7

534.8
451.7
111.5
340.2
83.1

600.3
497.8
128.8
369.0
102.5

638.5
523.3
134.9
388.4
115.3

678.0
549.9
142.1
407.8
128.1

751.6
604.6
157.9
446.7
147.0

Other income payments
Other private payments on foreign-owned assets in the United States
(IT table 1, line 32)
U.S. Government payments (IT table 1, line 33)
Compensation of employees (IT table 1, line 34)
Unilateral current transfers, net (IT table 1, line 35)

42
43

51.7
204.0

491.0
118.5
381.1
275.3
105.8
228.3

Memoranda:
Balance on goods and services (IT table 1, line 73)
Balance on goods, services, and net receipts from sales by affiliates (line 2
minus line 22)
Balance on current account (IT table 1, line 76)

1. Conceptually, sales by U.S. affiliates to other U.S. affiliates of the same foreign parent should be subtracted,
but information on these sales is unavailable. However, because U.S. affiliates are generally required to report to
BEA on a fully consolidated basis, most such sales are eliminated through consolidation.




-114.3
-162.6

-69.3
-123.0

740.3
190.4
550.0
159.4

-36.6 -35.5
-129.3 -143.5

1,070.5 1,186.6 1,190.5 1,235.5 1,336.6 1,449.7 1,551.4 1,671.7 1,721.3
893.8
998.0 1,004.6 1,043.5 1,127.9 1,207.9 1,289.2 1,390.0 1,445.0
223.4
239.3
257.6 266.3 285.7 313.0 322.6 358.1 384.9
670.4
758.7
746.9 777.2 842.1 894.9 966.5 1,031.9 1,060.1
208.7 241.8 262.3 281.8 276.3
176.6
188.7
186.0
192.0

2. The sales exclude the affiliates' sales to other affiliates of their parent. For U.S. affiliates, data on sales to
other affiliates are unavailable, but such sales are thought to be immaterial.
IT International transactions
n.a. not available

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

U.S. International Transactions,
Third Quarter 1999
By Harlan W. King

HE u.s. current-account deficit—the combined balances on trade in goods and
services, income, and net unilateral current
transfers—increased to $89.9 billion in the third
quarter of 1999 from $80.9 billion (revised) in the
second quarter (table A, chart 1).1 The increase

T

1. Quarterly estimates of U.S. current- and financial-account components are seasonally adjusted when statistically significant seasonal patterns
are present. The accompanying tables present both adjusted and unadjusted
estimates.

was mostly accounted for by an increase in the
deficit on goods and services; there was a small
increase in the deficit on income.
In the financial account, net recorded financial inflows—the difference between changes in
U.S.-owned assets abroad and changes in foreignowned assets in the United States—were $105.7
billion in the third quarter, down from $119.6 billion (revised) in the second; financial inflows for
foreign-owned assets in the United States slowed

Table A.—Summary of U.S. International Transactions
[Millions of dollars, seasonally adjusted]
1998
Line

Lines in tables 1 and 10 in which transactions are included are indicated in ()

January-September

1999
Change:
1999 IT-III

1998

Change:
1998-99

1998

1999

892,245
500,122
196,882
195,241

909,490
503,732
205,310
200,448

Current account
Exports of goods and services and income receipts
, balance of payments basis (3)
Services (4)
Income receipts (12)
Imports of goods and services and income payments
M8)
8)
Goods, balance of payments basis (20)
Services (21)
Income payments (29)
Unilateral current transfers, net (35)
Capital and financial account
Capital account
Capital account transactions, net (39)
Financial account
U.S.-owned assets abroad, net (increase/financial
outflow (-)) (40)
U.S. official reserve assets, net (41)
U.S. Government assets, other than official
U.S. private assets, net (50)

1,192,231
670,246
263,661
258,324

302,289
170,665
65,166
66,458

298,463
165,198
66,691
66,574

291,493
164,259
65,025
62,209

299,985
170,124
66,780
63,081

295,932
164,292
67,612
64,028

301,369
165,862
68,650
66,857

312,189
173,578
69,048
69,563

-1,368,718 -335,380 -340,977 -344,182 -348,180 -354,246 -371,066 -390,934
-917,178 -225,541 -228,698 -229,228 -233,711 -238,495 -250,274 -265,723
-181,011 ^3,628 -45,152 -45,780 ^6,455 -47,383 -49,323 -50,728
-270,529 -66,211 -67,127 -69,174 -68,014 -68,368 -71,469 -74,483

10,820
7,716
398
2,706

17,245
3,610
8,428
5,207

-19,868 -1,020,539 -1,116,246 -95,707
-15,449 -683,467 -754,492 -71,025
-1,405 -134,560 -147,434 -12,874
-3,014 -202,512 -214,320 -11,808

-10,787

-13,474

-10,340

-11,212

-11,204

8

-30,600

-32,756

-2,156

160

148

16
6

166

178

166

-12

41
5

510

59

-292,818
-6,784

-59,599 -120,517
-444
-1,945

-62,097
-2,026

-50,607
-2,369

-15,148 -154,713 -101,483
1,159
4,068
1,950

53,230 -242,213
791
-4,415

-271,344 -29,131
7,177 11,592

-429
-285,605

-61
-483
-59,074 -118,089

185
-60,256

-50
-48,188

-392
119
-673
-19,335 -155,480 -102,760

-281
-379
52,720 -237,419

-667
-946
-277,575 -40,156

274,271

207,153

-67,118

352,830

570,284 217,454

-44,075

-9,927

617

143

Foreign-owned assets in the United States.net
(increase/ financial inflow (+)) (55)
Foreign official assets in the United States, net
(56)
Other foreign assets in the United States, net (63)

502,637

96,817

162,466

93,547

149,805

-21,684
524,321

11,004
85,813

-10,551
173,017

^6,489
140,036

24,352
125,453

4,708
84,152

-628
274,899

12,106
195,047

12,734
-79,852

-46,036

16,186 62 222
554,098 155,232

Statistical discrepancy (sum of above items with sign
reversed) (70)

10,126

5,657

10,291

31,878

-37,695

-5,224

-38,827

-15,887

22,940

47,826

-59,938 -107,764

-246,932
82,650
-164,282
-12,205
-44,075
-220,562
617
209,819

-54,876
21,538
-33,338
247
-9,927
-43,018
143
37,218

-63,500
21,539
-41,961
-553
-3,886
-52,400
160
41,949

-64,969
19,245
-45,724
-6,965
-10,787
-63,476
148
31,450

-63,587
20,325
-43,262
-4,933
-13,474
-61,669
166
99,198

-74,203
20,229
-53,974
-4,340
-10,340
-68,654
166
73,712

-64,412
19,327
-65,085
-4,612
-11,212
-80,909
178
119,558

-92,145
18,320
-73,825
-4,920
-11,204
-89,949
166
105,670

Memoranda:
Balance on goods (71)
Balance on services (72)
Balance on goods and services (73)
Balance on income (74)
Unilateral current transfers, net (75)
Balance on current account (76)
Capital account transactions, net (39)
Net financial flows (40 and 55)
p Preliminary.
Revised.
r




-7,733 -183,345
-1,007
62,322
-6,740 -121,023
-308
-7,271
8 -30,600
-9,040 -158,894
-12
451
-13,888 110,617

-250,760
57,876
-192,884
-13,872
-32,756
-239,512
510
298,940

-67,415
-4,446
-71,861
-6,601
-2,156
-60,618
59
188,323

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Revisions to the Estimates
for the Second Quarter of 1999
The international transactions accounts estimates for
the second quarter of 1999 are revised from the preliminary estimates published in the October 1999 SURVEY
OF CURRENT BUSINESS. The current-account deficit for

the second quarter was revised to $80.9 billion from
$80.7 billion. The goods deficit was revised to $84.4
billion from $84.6 billion (based on updated Census
Bureau data); the services surplus was revised to $19.3
billion from $19.6 billion (reflecting newly available
source data); the deficit on income was revised to $4.6
billion from $4.4 billion (reflecting updated capital flow
and position data); and net unilateral current transfers
were virtually unchanged from the previous estimate
at $11.2 billion. Net recorded financial inflows were
revised to $119.6 billion from $116.9 billion.

CHART 1

U.S. Current-Account Balance and
Its Components

January 2000 • 91

more than financial outflows for U.S.-owned
assets abroad.
The statistical discrepancy—errors and omissions in recorded transactions—was a negative
$15.9 billion in the third quarter, compared with
a negative $38.8 billion in the second.
The following are highlights for the third
quarter:
• Imports of goods and imports of services
both increased strongly; exports of goods
were also up strongly.
• Financial inflows for foreign direct investment in the United States were sharply lower
as a result of a slowdown in acquisitions of
U.S. companies by foreign companies.
• Net foreign purchases of U.S. securities
other than U.S. Treasury securities increased
strongly to a second consecutive quarterly
record.
• U.S. banks' claims on foreigners shifted to
net inflows following large outflows, and inflows for U.S. banks' liabilities to foreigners
remained strong.

40

U.S. dollar in exchange markets

20

In the third quarter, the U.S. dollar was virtually unchanged on a nominal, trade-weighted
quarterly average basis against the group of 26
currencies of important U.S. trading partners
(table B, chart 2). Within the broad group, the
dollar depreciated 1 percent against the group of

0

Balance on
> ^ current account

-20
•40
-60

CHART 2

-80

No«i|nal Ijritoes jof Foreign Currency

-100
40
Balance on services 20
0

*ao
- Broad

-40

80

-60

v

Other important trading partners

70
-80

,1
-100

m

94
m
96
$7
Seasonally adjusted
U& Department $ Cammed, Bmmtit Economic Analysis




98

1

1

1

1 1,

Note,-See table Bfordefinitions of the indexes.
. Data; F&temi. jtapervii Board mm^mi^
8EA.
U.$/Depariment of Commerce, &imaa of Ecoibnie Analysis

Q2

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

• January 2000

7 major currencies that trade widely in international markets, and it was up slightly against the
group of remaining currencies (see table B for
definitions).
The U.S. dollar appreciated 1 percent against
the euro on a quarterly average basis but weakened against the euro during the quarter, as positive European economic news, particularly from
Germany, prompted increased interest in European investments, while expectations of tighter
monetary policy in the United States made profittaking in U.S. markets attractive. The U.S. dollar
rose against the euro early in the quarter, but began to fall late in July. The euro strengthened
in the second half of the quarter, partly reflecting a narrowing of the yield differential between
U.S. and German long-term bonds, which decreased the yield advantage of U.S. bonds, and
further indications of improved growth prospects
in Europe.
The U.S. dollar depreciated against the
Japanese yen steadily throughout the quarter.
Positive economic news about the Japanese
economy, continued expansionary fiscal policy,
and the maintenance of near-zero short-term
money market rates all contributed to a more
favorable outlook for the Japanese economy.
Moreover, concerns over the risk of inflation in
the United States prompted a rise in interest
rates by the Federal Reserve Board. The Japanese

central bank intervened in exchange markets on
several occasions during the quarter by selling
yen, but this was perceived as an attempt to slow,
rather than reverse, the rise of the yen.
Against other currencies, the U.S. dollar appreciated against the Canadian dollar after two quarters of depreciation, appreciated sharply against
the Brazilian real after a decline in the second quarter, and depreciated against the Mexican
peso for the third consecutive quarter. Against
the British pound, the U.S. dollar was virtually
unchanged.
Current Account
Goods and services
The deficit on goods and services increased to
$73.8 billion in the third quarter from $65.1 billion
in the second. The increase was accounted for
by an increase in the deficit on goods, to $92.1
billion from $84.4 billion, and by a decrease in
the surplus on services, to $18.3 billion from $19.3
billion.
Goods.—The deficit on goods increased $7.7 billion, to $92.1 billion, in the third quarter. Imports
increased twice as much as exports.
Exports.—Exports increased $7.7 billion, or 5
percent, to $173.6 billion in the third quarter

Table B.—Indexes of Foreign Currency Price of the U.S. Dollar
[January 1999=100]
1998

1999

1998

Sept.

1999

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Aug.

Sept.

Nominal:'

Broad 2

Major
Other
Real: l
Broad2
Major
Other

currencies3
important trading partners4

103.5
107.0
99.3

100.3
101.3
99.0

101.4
101.7
100.9

102.1
104.1
99.7

101.7
103.0
100.1

103.4
104.7
101.7

100.6
101.1
100.0

100.5
101.9
98.7

99.8
101.0
98.4

100.0
100.0
100.0

101.5
101.5
101.4

102.7
103.6
101.4

102.1
103.8
100.0

101.9
103.8
99.5

102.4
104.7
99.6

102.4
104.9
99.4

101.6
102.8
100.1

101.1
101.3
100.8

currencies3
important trading partners4

104.6
106.4
102.5

100.5
100.7
100.1

101.2
101.8
100.5

102.3
104.3
99.9

102.1
103.7
100.1

104.0
104.1
103.9

101.0
100.4
101.8

100.6
101.3
99.7

99.8
100.5
98.9

100.0
100.0
100.0

101.1
101.6
100.5

102.5
103.7
100.9

102.4
104.1
100.3

102.0
104.0
99.6

102.6
104.9
99.7

102.9
105.5
99.6

102.0
103.4
100.3

101.4
102.1
100.5

99.7

101.6

99.5

96.9

97.8

100.2

101.7

101.4

101.6

100.0

98.6

99.9

97.9

96.2

96.7

98.0

98.3

97.2

104.4
104.4
104.1
n.a.
99.8
106.0
123.6
93.8
77.5

98.6
98.6
98.6
n.a.
98.5
98.2
105.5
98.8
79.1

103.3
103.3
103.3
103.3
101.1
102.9
102.8
98.3
117.8

109.7
109.7
109.7
109.7
102.7
109.3
106.7
93.3
113.7

110.5
110.5
110.5
110.5
103.0
110.2
99.8
92.5
123.2

100.7
100.7
100.6
n.a.
98.1
101.0
118.7
100.9
78.1

97.1
97.1
97.1
n.a.
97.4
96.5
106.9

99.7
99.7
99.7
n.a.
99.3

100.0
106.2

100.3
78.6

78.9

99.0
98.9
99.0
n.a.
98.7
98.2
103.3
97.8
79.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

103.5
103.5
103.5
103.5
101.4
103.0
103.0
98.8
127.4

106.5
106.5
106.5
106.5
101.8
105.8
105.5
96.1
126.0

108.3
108.3
108.3
108.3
102.5
108.0
105.7
93.1
112.6

109.0
109.0
109.0
109.0
102.1
108.8
107.7
92.8
111.5

111.7
111.7
111.7
111.7
103.4
111.0
106.6
93.9
116.9

111.8
111.8
111.8
111.8
104.7
111.7
105.3
92.5
119.2

109.3
109.3
109.3
109.3
102.7
108.9
99.9
92.8
124.7

110.4
110.4
110.4
110.4
101.5
110.1
94.3
92.2
125.6

Selected currencies: (nominal)5
Canada
European currencies:
Germany
France
Italy
Euro area 6
United Kingdom
Switzerland
Japan
Mexico
Brazil

1. For more information on the nominal and real indexes of the foreign exchange value of the U.S. dollar, see
Federal Reserve Bulletin, vol. 84 (October 1998): 811-18.
2. Weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the U.S. dollar against the currencies of a broad group
of U.S. trading partners, including the currencies of the euro-area countries, Australia, Canada, Japan, Sweden,
Switzerland, United Kingdom, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Russia. Data: Federal
Reserve Board. Monthly and quarterly average rates. Index rebased by BEA.
3. Weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the U.S. dollar against broad-index currencies that circulate
widely outside the country of issue, including the currencies of euro-area countries, Australia, Canada, Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. The weight for each currency is its broad-index weight divided by the
sum of the broad-index weights for all of the currencies included in the major currency index. Data: Federal Reserve
Board. Monthly and quarterly average rates. Index rebased by BEA.
4. Weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the U.S. dollar against broad-index currencies that do




98.4

not circulate widely outside the country of issue, including the currencies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand,
Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Russia. The weight for each currency is its broad-index weight divided by the sum of
the broad-index weights for all of the currencies included in the other important trading partners index. Data: Federal
Reserve Board. Monthly and quarterly average rates. Index rebased by BEA.
5. Data: Federal Reserve Board. Monthly and quarterly average rates. Indexes prepared by BEA.
6. The euro area includes Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Portugal, and Spain. Exchange rates (but not index values with January 1999=100) for the individual euro-area currencies can be derived from the euro exchange rate by using the fixed conversion rates (in currencies per euro)
as shown below: 13.7603 Austrian schillings; 40.3399 Belgian francs; 5.94573 Finnish markkas; 6.55957 French
francs; 1.95583 German marks; .787564 Irish pounds; 1936.27 Italian lira; 40.3399 Luxembourg francs; 2.20371
Netherlands guilders; 200.482 Portuguese escudos; 166.386 Spanish pesetas.

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
(table C). Quantities increased 4 percent, and
prices rose 1 percent.2 Nearly all the increase
in value was attributable to increased exports of
nonagricultural products.
Nonagricultural exports increased $7.0 billion,
or 5 percent, to $160.6 billion; quantities increased 4 percent, and prices increased 1 percent.
In value, the increase was mostly accounted for
by increases in capital goods and in nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials; however,
exports of all major commodity categories rose.
Capital goods, excluding civilian aircraft, engines,
and parts, rose $3.5 billion, or 6 percent, to
$66.2 billion. Sales of many high-technology
products were particularly strong. Reflecting
strong global demand, exports of semiconductors grew for the fifth consecutive quarter since
their slump in late 1997 and early 1998. Exports
of telecommunications equipment and of computers, peripherals, and parts increased. Civilian
aircraft, engines, and parts rebounded, increasing $1.3 billion; an increase in aircraft deliveries
to recovering economies in Asia more than offset a continued decrease in deliveries to Japan
and Western Europe. Exports of nonagricultural
industrial supplies and materials were boosted
by sharply higher shipments of chemicals and
nonmonetary gold.

January 2000

•

Agricultural exports increased $0.7 billion, or
5 percent, to $12.9 billion in the third quarter;
quantities increased 6 percent, and prices decreased 1 percent. In value, nearly all major
commodities increased; nearly one-half of the
increase was accounted for by soybean exports,
mainly to China.
Imports.—Imports increased $15.4 billion, or 6
percent, to $265.7 billion in the third quarter (table C). Quantities increased 5 percent,
and prices increased 1 percent. In value, both
nonpetroleum imports and petroleum imports
continued to increase strongly.
Nonpetroleum imports increased $11.8 billion,
or 5 percent, to $246.1 billion; quantities increased
5 percent, and prices remained unchanged. The
increase in value was widespread across all categories. Nonpetroleum industrial supplies and
materials remained strong; nonmonetary gold
accounted for over one-third of the increase,
mainly reflecting purchases from Switzerland. In
addition, chemicals posted a record quarterly increase, with purchases primarily from Western
Europe, Canada, and Japan, and strong increases
were posted by building materials, largely from
Canada, Latin America, and Asia, and by paper and paper base stocks, largely from Canada.
Automotive vehicles, engines, and parts, mostly
passenger cars from Japan and Canada, were
sharply higher. In capital goods, all major categories increased, but the increases in computers,
peripherals, and parts, in semiconductors, and

2. Quantity (real) estimates are calculated using a chain-type Fisher formula with annual weights for all years and quarters except for the most recent
year, which is calculated using quarterly weights. Real estimates are expressed
as chained (1996) dollars. Price indexes (1996=100) are also calculated using
a chain-type Fisher formula.

Table C—U.S. Trade in Goods, Current and Chained (1996) Dollars, and Percent Changes from Previous Period
[Balance of payments basis, millions of dollars, quarterly estimates seasonally adjusted]
Chained (1996) dollars1

Current dollars
1998
1997

1999

1998

1998

1997'
I

II

III

I

IV

II'

1998'I'

III*

1999

nir

II'

IV

I'

II'

III*

Exports
Agricultural products
Nonagricultural products ...

679,715 670,246 170,665 165,198 164,259 170,124 164,292 165,862 173,578 698,658
58,425 53,106 14,017 13,203 12,300 13,586 11,832 12,260 12,931 62,585
621,290 617,140 156,648 151,995 151,959 156,538 152,460 153,602 160,647 635,972

Imports
Petroleum and products ...
Nonpetroleum products

876,366 917,178 225,541 228,698 229,228 233,711 238,495 250,274 265,723 913,998 1,016,842 245,420 252,426 256,694 262,302 269,791 279,636 292,646
71,772 50,903 13,600 13,392 12,458 11,453 10,594 15,919 19,580 76,092
81,440 19,346 21,090 21,223 19,781 20,141 21,311 20,676
804,594 866,275 211,941 215,306 216,770 222,258 227,901 234,355 246,143 837,896 935,193 225,950 231,512 235,620 242,111 249,072 257,816 271,381

711,177 178,894 174,444 175,303 182,536 177,039 178,923 186,844
62,654 16,056 15,352 14,678 16,568 14,716 15,678 16,642
648,298 162,667 158,991 160,464 166,176 162,191 163,233 170,357

Percent change from preceding period
1999

1998
1997

Percent change from preceding period
1998
1997'

1998
I

II

III

IV

I

II'

1999

1998'

III*

I'

II'

III'

IV

I'

II'

III*

Exports
Agricultural products
Nonagricultural products

11.1
-5.0
12.8

-1.4
-9.1
-.7

-1.6
-7.0
-1.1

-3.2
-5.8
^3.0

-0.6
-6.8
0

3.6
10.5
3.0

-3.4
-12.9
-2.6

1.0
3.6
.7

4.7
5.5
4.6

14.2
1.8
15.5

1.8
.1
1.9

-0.3
-2.8
-.2

-2.5
-4.4
-2.3

0.5
-4.4
.9

4.1
12.9
3.6

-3.0
-11.2
-2.4

1.1
6.5
.6

4.4
6.1
4.4

Imports
Petroleum and products
Nonpetroleum products

9.1
-1.3
10.1

4.7
-29.1
7.7

.7
-20.6
2.4

1.4
-1.5
1.6

.2
-7.0
.7

2.0
-8.1
2.5

2.0
-7.5
2.5

4.9
50.3
2.8

6.2
23.0
5.0

13.8
4.6
14.7

11.3
7.0
11.6

3.6
1.6
3.9

2.9
9.0
2.5

1.7
.6
1.8

2.2
-6.8
2.8

2.9
1.8
2.9

3.6
5.8
3.5

4.7
-5.0
5.3

Preliminary.
1. Because chain indexes use weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained dollar estimates are
usually not additive.




94

• January 2000




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
in telecommunications equipment were considerably less than in the second quarter. In contrast,
civilian aircraft, engines, and parts were sharply
higher. Consumer goods also increased strongly.
Petroleum imports increased $3.7 billion, or 23
percent, to $19.6 billion, the highest level since
the fourth quarter of 1996. OPEC members and
non-oPEC members each contributed about onehalf to the growth. The increase was more than
accounted for by the continued rise in prices,
to $18.61 per barrel in the third quarter from
$14.70 per barrel in the second. The average
number of barrels imported daily decreased to
11.51 million from 11.86 million. Both production
and consumption increased, while inventories
declined.
Balances by area.—The deficit on goods with
Asia, excluding Japan, increased $6.4 billion, to
$41.9 billion, in the third quarter.3 The deficit
with Western Europe increased $1.4 billion, to
$14.5 billion. In contrast, the deficit with Latin
America and Other Western Hemisphere decreased $0.5 billion, to $7.3 billion, and the
deficit with Canada decreased $0.4 billion, to $7.8
billion.
Services.—The surplus on services decreased to
$18.3 billion in the third quarter from $19.3 billion
in the second. Service receipts increased to $69.0
billion from $68.7 billion, and service payments
increased to $50.7 billion from $49.3 billion.
Travel receipts decreased to $18.3 billion from
$18.4 billion.
The decrease was mostly attributable to a decline in receipts from Canadian
and Mexican visitors to the United States. Travel
payments increased to $15.2 billion from $15.0 billion. A rise in payments by U.S. travelers to
overseas countries and to Canada was partly offset by a decrease in payments by U.S. travelers to
Mexico.
Passenger fare receipts increased to $5.3 billion
from $5.2 billion, and passenger fare payments
increased to $5.5 billion from $5.3 billion.
"Other" transportation receipts increased to
$6.9 billion from $6.7 billion, mostly as a result of an increase in freight receipts and a small
increase in port expenditure receipts. "Other"
transportation payments increased to $9.1 billion
3. Seasonally adjusted estimates for exports for areas and countries are
derived by applying seasonal factors for total U.S. agricultural and nonagricultural exports to the unadjusted agricultural and nonagricultural exports
for areas and countries and then summing the seasonally adjusted estimates.
Seasonally adjusted estimates for imports for areas and countries are derived
by applying seasonal factors for total U.S. petroleum and nonpetroleum imports to the unadjusted petroleum and nonpetroleum imports for areas and
countries and then summing seasonally adjusted estimates. (The seasonal
factors are derived from the seasonal adjustment of U.S. exports and U.S.
imports by five-digit end-use commodity category.)

from $8.4 billion, mostly reflecting the continued
rapid growth in freight payments; the increase in
freight payments was largely due to an increase
in import volumes and to higher freight rates on
merchandise from Asia.
Receipts for "other" private services increased
to $24.7 billion from $24.5 billion. Payments for
"other" private services increased to $13.5 billion
from $13.2 billion.
Income
The deficit on income increased to $4.9 billion in
the third quarter from $4.6 billion in the second.
Income receipts increased to $69.6 billion from
$66.9 billion, and income payments increased to
$74.5 billion from $71.5 billion.
Investment income.—Receipts of investment income on U.S.-owned assets abroad increased to
$69.1 billion from $66.4 billion, and payments
of investment income on foreign-owned assets in
the United States increased to $72.6 billion from
$69.6 billion.
Receipts of income on U.S. direct investment
abroad increased to $29.9 billion from $28.5
billion. The increase was attributable to the continued rise in earnings, primarily in Western
Europe and mostly in services and in electronics
and other electrical equipment manufacturing.
Earnings in other countries, primarily in Asia,
also increased. Earnings in the petroleum industry also increased, as a result of rising crude oil
prices.
Payments of income on foreign direct investment in the United States decreased to $14.3
billion from a record $14.5 billion. The decline
was attributable to reduced—but still strong—
earnings in manufacturing, particularly in pharmaceuticals and in "other" manufacturing, and
to a shift to losses in finance. By area, the largest
decreases were by Western European-owned
affiliates and by Canadian-owned affiliates.
"Other" private income receipts increased to
$38.4 billion from $37.1 billion. The increase was
largely attributable to increases in average yields
on all instruments, augmented by higher average holdings of U.S.-held foreign stocks and by
higher U.S. nonbank financial claims.
"Other" private income payments increased to
$34.2 billion from $32.0 billion. The increase was
mostly due to higher average yields, to higher
average foreign holdings of U.S. corporate stocks
and bonds, and to higher U.S. nonbank liabilities.
U.S. Government income receipts decreased
slightly to $0.8 billion, and U.S. Government in-

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
come payments increased to $24.1 billion from
$23.2 billion.

95

U.S.-owned assets abroad
Net U.S.-owned assets abroad increased $101.5
billion in the third quarter, following an increase
of $154.7 billion in the second. The slowdown
was largely accounted for by reduced net U.S.
purchases of foreign securities and by a shift to
a small decrease in U.S. claims on foreigners reported by U.S. banks from a large increase in the
second quarter.

Compensation of employees.—Receipts for compensation of U.S. workers abroad were unchanged at $0.5 billion, and payments for compensation of foreign workers in the United States
were unchanged at $1.9 billion.
Unilateral current transfers

US. official reserve assets.—Net U.S. official reserve assets decreased $2.0 billion in the third
quarter, following a decrease of $1.2 billion in the
second (table D). The third-quarter decrease was
more than accounted for by a decrease in the U.S.
reserve position in the International Monetary
Fund.

Net unilateral current transfers were unchanged
at a negative $11.2 billion in the third quarter.
Increases in private remittances and other transfers were offset by decreases in U.S. Government
grants.

Claims reported by banks.—U.S. claims on foreigners reported by U.S. banks decreased $0.4
billion in the third quarter, in contrast to an increase of $42.5 billion in the second. The shift was
mostly accounted for by sharply reduced demand
for dollar credits.
Banks' own claims payable in dollars increased
$6.8 billion after a $39.6 billion increase. The
slowdown reflected the following third-quarter
developments: U.S. short-term interest rates rose
more rapidly then foreign rates; overseas loan
demand contracted, particularly in Western Europe, following a surge in foreign merger and
acquisition activity in the second quarter; and the
U.S. dollar weakened in exchange markets. Sizable lending by U.S.-owned banks to offices in
several Western European countries, the United
Kingdom, and the Caribbean and continued
lending by securities brokers to private foreigners
were partly offset by net repayments to foreign-

Capital Account
Net capital account transactions—which consist
mainly of debt forgiveness and transfers of goods
and financial assets by migrants as they enter
or leave the country—were unchanged at $0.2
billion in the third quarter.

Financial Account
Net recorded financial inflows—the difference
between changes in U.S.-owned assets abroad and
changes in foreign-owned assets in the United
States—were $105.7 billion in the third quarter,
down from $119.6 billion (revised) in the second. Outflows for U.S.-owned assets abroad and
inflows for foreign-owned assets in the United
States both slowed, but inflows decreased more
than outflows.

Table D.-Selected Transactions with Officia I Agencies
[Millions of dollars]

1998
1998

Changes in foreign official assets in the United States, net
(decrease-) (table 1, line 56)
Industrial countries1
Members of OPEC 2
Other countries
Changes in U.S. official reserve assets, net (increase - ) (table 1,
line 41)

I

1999

II

III

IV

I

II'

III'

Change:
1999
II—III

January-September
1998

1999

Change:
1998-99

-21,684
-7,025
-11,499
-3,160

11,004
-56
-1,257
12,317

-10,551
-9,740
-657
-154

-46,489
-6,174
-11,642
-28,673

24,352
8,945
2,057
13,350

4,708
3,330
2,058
-680

-628
1,447
1,966
-4,041

12,106
13,983
-1,047
-830

12,734
12,536
-3,013
3,211

-46,036
-15,970
-13,556
-16,510

16,186
18,760
2,977
-5,551

62,222
34,730
16,533
10,959

-6,784

^44

-1,945

-2,026

-2,369

4,068

1,159

1,950

791

-4,415

7,177

11,592

Activity under U.S. official reciprocal currency arrangements with
foreign monetary authorities:3
Foreign drawings, or repayments (—), net
Drawings
Repayments
p Preliminary.
r
Revised.
1. Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
2. Based on data for Ecuador, Venezuela, Indonesia, and other Asian and African oil-exporting countries. Excludes




Ecuador beginning January 1993 and Gabon beginning January 1995.
3. Consists of transactions of the Federal Reserve System and the U.S. Treasury Department's Exchange Stabilization Fund.

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
owned banks in the United States, after heavy
lending in the second quarter.
Banks' own claims payable in foreign currencies increased $7.3 billion, in contrast to
a $10.9 billion decrease. Depreciation of the
U.S. dollar during the third quarter stimulated
demand for foreign currency credit. The increase in banks' own claims on Japan, Canada,
and some Western European countries largely
reversed second-quarter repayments.
Banks' domestic customers' claims payable in
dollars decreased $2.6 billion, in contrast to an increase of $1.4 billion. The decrease was more than
accounted for by U.S. banks' domestic customers
withdrawing dollar deposits, mostly from banks
in Western Europe, Canada, and Asia. Banks'
domestic customers' claims payable in foreign
currencies decreased $11.9 billion, following an
increase of $12.4 billion.
Foreign securities.—Net U.S. purchases of foreign
securities decreased to $26.5 billion in the third
quarter from $64.6 billion in the second (chart 3).
The decline was more than accounted for by a
drop in net U.S. purchases of foreign stocks to
$19.2 billion from $67.7 billion, as a result of
a sharp dropoff in the financing of acquisitions
of U.S. companies by foreign companies, largely
by exchanges of stock. Excluding the effect of
stock-financed acquisitions, transactions in foreign stocks shifted to small net U.S. purchases
after four quarters of net U.S. sales. Net U.S.
transactions in foreign bonds shifted to net U.S.
purchases of $7.3 billion from net U.S. sales of
$3.1 billion.

Net U.S. purchases of foreign stocks from Japan
were strong for the third consecutive quarter,
as Japanese stock prices continued their strong
rise in 1999, bolstered by proposed economic
policy reforms and expectations of economic recovery. In contrast, net U.S. sales of foreign
stocks to Western Europe slowed, as stock market prices there lagged over concerns about rising
petroleum prices and rising interest rates, about
whether economic growth would accelerate, and
about the continued weak, but recovering, euro
in exchange markets. Net U.S. purchases from
Latin America slowed sharply, as most stock market prices there declined. Net transactions with
Australia shifted to large net U.S. sales following
net U.S. purchases. Net U.S. sales to other Asian
emerging markets continued.
The shift to net U.S. purchases of foreign
bonds was mostly attributable to a large shift
CHART 3

Securities Transactions
Billion $
100

80

U.S. SECURITIES OTHER THAN
U.S. TREASURY SECURITIES'
• Stocks
• Bonds

Totals

60
Net foreign purchases

40

20

~ Net foreign sales

-20

I

I I I I I I I I

Data Availability
-100

The current and historical estimates that are presented in tables 1-10 of the
U.S. international transactions accounts are available as compressed files on
BEA'S Web site at <www.bea.doc.gov>; under "International," click on "Data,"
and look under "Balance of Payments."
The estimates are also available from BEA on the following diskettes:
• U.S. International Transactions. The most recently released annual and
quarterly estimates are available as a l-year subscription (four installments)—
product number IDS-OOOI, price $80.00. The subscription also includes the
diskette of the historical estimates (see below).
• U.S. International Transactions, Third Quarter 1999. Annual estimates for
1998 and quarterly estimates for 1998:1-1999:111 on a single diskette—product
number IDN-0243, price $20.00.

FOREIGN SECURITIES
Stocks
Bonds

-80
-60
Net U.S. purchases

-40
-20

• U.S. International Transactions, Historical Series. All the available historical

annual and quarterly estimates on a single diskette, for some series as far back
as i960—product number IDN-0237, price $20.00.
To order, call the BEA Order Desk at 1-800-704-0415 (outside the United
States, call 202-606-9666).



Net U.S. sales -

I
20

1995

I I I I I I I I I I I I" I

1996

1997

1998

1. Excluding transactions of foreign official agencies.
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis

i i
1999

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
to net U.S. purchases of outstanding foreign
bonds, primarily from the United Kingdom, following four quarters of large net U.S. sales.
Rising European bond yields in July and August and a modest recovery of the euro in
exchange markets during the quarter provided
U.S. investors with higher yield opportunities in
foreign currency-denominated bonds. Foreign
new issues in the United States slowed in the
third quarter—though Western European issues
remained strong—as deteriorating investor confidence in emerging market debt and anticipated
interest rate hikes in the United States dampened
U.S. investors' demand for foreign new issues.
Direct investment—Net financial outflows for
U.S. direct investment abroad were $44.5 billion
in the third quarter, up from $31.6 billion in the
second. Net equity capital outflows increased
sharply, mainly from an increase in acquisitions in Western Europe, particularly the United
Kingdom, and in Japan, and partly from the absence of the large equity capital inflows in the
second quarter that resulted from divestitures.
Reinvested earnings increased, mostly in Western Europe, and net intercompany debt shifted
to small inflows, primarily from Other Western
Hemisphere.
Foreign-owned assets in the United States
Net foreign-owned assets in the United States
increased $207.2 billion in the third quarter, following an increase of $274.3 billion in the second.
The slowdown was more than accounted for by
sharply reduced net inflows for foreign direct investment in the United States, as the pace of
foreign acquisitions of U.S. companies slowed
from the exceptionally strong inflows in the second quarter. In contrast, the pace of foreign
investment in U.S. stocks and corporate bonds
accelerated sharply.

were more favorable in the United States than
overseas, leading to increased placement of funds
in U.S. banks by private foreigners.
Banks' own liabilities payable in dollars increased $8.7 billion, following a $45.7 billion increase. The slowdown reflected large repayments
by U.S. banks to branches overseas, particularly by foreign-owned banks to branches in the
Caribbean, and by brokers and dealers. A sharp
contraction in U.S. banks' domestic financing requirements and in foreign merger-related lending
also contributed to the slowdown. In contrast,
inflows from "other" private foreigners, mostly
in Western Europe, and from unaffiliated banks
continued to be strong, primarily because shortterm interest rates were more favorable in the
United States than overseas.
Bank-reported liabilities payable in foreign currencies increased $8.8 billion, in contrast to a $1.8
billion decrease. The increase was mostly accounted for by inflows from the Caribbean and
from Japan.
Banks' custody liabilities payable in dollars increased $13.5 billion, in contrast to a decrease of
$9.0 billion. The increase was mostly accounted
for by an increase in custody liabilities to Western
Europe and, to a lesser extent, to the Caribbean.
U.S. Treasury securities.—Net foreign transactions in U.S. Treasury securities shifted to net
foreign purchases of $9.7 billion in the third
quarter from net foreign sales of $5.4 billion in
the second. The shift was partly attributable
to sharply higher yields on U.S. Treasury bonds
over shorter term dollar assets, which led to increased net foreign purchases, mostly from the
Caribbean.

Other U.S. securities.—Net foreign purchases of
U.S. securities other than U.S. Treasury securities
increased to a record of $93.1 billion in the third
quarter, following the previous record of $79.1
billion in the second (chart 3). Net foreign purForeign official assets.—Net foreign official assets
in the United States increased $12.1 billion in the chases of U.S. stocks slowed to $24.1 billion from
$29.0 billion, but net foreign purchases of U.S.
third quarter, in contrast to a decrease of $0.6
corporate and other bonds surged to a record
billion in the second (table D). The increase was
$69.0 billion from $50.1 billion.
more than accounted for by an increase in assets
The surge in net foreign purchases of U.S. corof several industrial and non-oPEC developing
porate and other bonds was mostly attributable
countries. Assets of OPEC countries decreased.
to the relatively higher yields on U.S. corporate and other long-tem debt securities than
Liabilities reported by banks.—U.S. liabilities to
on U.S. Treasury bonds and on European and
foreigners reported by U.S. banks, excluding U.S.
Japanese long-term bonds. Net foreign purTreasury securities, increased $31.0 billion in the
chases from Western Europe increased sharply,
third quarter, down from a $34.9 billion inmostly from large placements of U.S. corporate
crease in the second. The third-quarter increase
Eurobonds through the London market. Net
partly reflected the fact that short-term yields




January 2000 •

97

9 8 • January 2000




SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
foreign purchases of U.S. federally sponsored
agency bonds increased, as relatively high yields
and low risk attracted foreign investors. Net
foreign purchases of outstanding U.S. corporate
bonds also increased, mostly from Latin America,
from Caribbean-based investment funds, and,
to a lesser extent, from Japan and other Asian
countries.
Net foreign purchases of U.S. corporate stocks
declined somewhat from their strong secondquarter level; stock prices were mostly unchanged
in the third quarter, as prospects for continued
economic growth in the United States were offset
by concerns over inflation and interest-rate hikes
and by the rise in petroleum prices. Net foreign
purchases from the United Kingdom increased
strongly, while net purchases from other Western
European countries slowed. Japan stepped up its
net purchases of U.S. stocks, while investment
funds in the Caribbean shifted to net sales.

U.S. currency.—Net shipments of U.S. currency
from the United States were $4.7 billion in the
third quarter, up from $3.1 billion in the second.
Direct investment.—Net financial inflows for foreign direct investment in the United States slowed
sharply to $44.5 billion in the third quarter from
$154.4 billion in the second. Net equity inflows
fell as a result of a sharp decrease in acquisitions
of U.S. companies by foreign companies. However, equity inflows remained strong, reflecting
both new acquisitions and capital contributions
to existing affiliates; the inflows were mostly
in the insurance and telecommunications equipment industries and were mostly from Western
Europe, Canada, and the Caribbean. Reinvested
earnings and net intercompany debt inflows both
increased.
Tables 1 through 10 follow.

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

99

Table 1.—U.S. International Transactions
[Millions of dollars]
Seasonally adjusted
(Credits +; d e b i t s - ) 1

Line

1998
III"

III''
Current account
1,192,231

299,641

933,907

232,905

Goods, balance of payments basis 2

670,246

168,021

Services 3
Transfers under U.S. military agency sales contracts4

263,661
17,155

64,884
4,489

Travel
Passenger fares
Other transportation

71,250
19,996
25,518

Royalties and license fees 5
Other private services 5
U.S. Government miscellaneous services

36,808
92,116
818

-44,075
-13,057
-4,350
-26,668

18,119
5,000
6,261
8,716
22,108
191
66,736
66,273
27,095
38,412
766
463
-341,493
-273,914
-227,633
-46,281
-3,061
-15,193
-5,325
-7,533
-2,587
-11,915
-667
-67,579
-65,898
-11,089
-31,849
-22,960
-1,681
-9,494
-5,168
-919
-6,407

288,254
226,261
157,386
68,875
3,979
20,354
5,733
6,367
8,866
23,377
199
61,993
61,528
22,779
37,744
1,005
465
-351,539
-282,050
-232,395
-49,655
-3,276
-17,234
-5,722
-7,820
-2,685
-12,153
-765
-69,489
-67,631
-11,540
-33,314
-22,777
-1,858
-10,607
-2,807
-865
-6,935

617

160

148

166

-292,818
-6,784

-121,852
-1,945

-63,492
-2,026

-44,586
-2,369

-149
-5,118
-1,517

72
-1,031
-386

-429
-4,676
4,102

-483
-1,156

Exports of goods and services and income receipts
Exports of goods and services

;...

Income receipts
Income receipts on U.S.-owned assets abroad
Direct investment receipts
Other private receipts
U.S. Government receipts
Compensation of employees
Imports of goods and services and income payments .
Imports of goods and services
Goods, balance of payments basis

258,324
256,467
102,846
150,001
3,620
1,857
-1,368,718
-1,098,189

2

3

Services
Direct defense expenditures

-917,178
-181,011
-12,841

Travel
Passenger fares
Other transportation

-56,105
-19,797
-30,457

Royalties and license fees 5
Other private services 5
U.S. Government miscellaneous services

-11,292
-47,670
-2,849

Income payments .
Income payment:
Direct investment payments
Other private payments
U.S. Government payments
Compensation of employees
Unilateral current transfers, net
U.S. Government grants 4
U.S. Government pensions and other transfers .
Private remittances and other transfers 6

-270,529
-263,423
-43,441
-128,863
-91,119
-7,106

303,581
241,003
174,468
66,535
4,081

293,632

302,257

229,124

235,175

163,344

168,453

65,780
4,340

66,722
4,099

17,125
4,682
6,689

15,809
4,651
6,362

10,571

9,124
25,288
206

23,173
209
62,578
62,113
25,168
36,019

64,508
64,038

926
465

965
470

-351,384

-342,780

27,313
35,760

-275,023
-239,118 -230,903
-283,536

-44,418
-3,406
-12,016
-4,518
-7,957

-44,120
-3,503
-12,543
-4,691
-7,554

-3,081

-5,162

-12,695
-745

-11,985

-67,848
-65,907
-10,800
-32,408
-22,699
-1,941

-67,757
-66,024
-11,596
-31,759
-22,669
-1,733

-13,831
-5,742
-1,541
-6,548

-10,420
-2,200
-893
-7,327

-682

308,910
239,619
166,436
73,183
4,257

18,271
21,661
5,049
6,051
6,727
6,951
9,063
9,189
23,266
24,871
247
203
67,082
68,821
66,611
29,539
28,890
37,072
38,426
649
856
470
471
-371,764
-299,857 -323,064
-249,336 -268,109
-50,521 -64,955
-3,850
-3,593
-16,063 -18,636
-5,711
-6,147
-8,290 -9,230
-2,881
-3,073
-13,062 -13,455
-729
-756
-71,907 -74,822
-70,138 -72,871
-15,023 -14,517
-31,960 -34,207
-23,155 -24,147
-1,769
-1,951
-10,744 -11,179
-2,760
-2,700
-657
-497
-7,127
-7,482

298,463

291,493

231,889

229,284

236,904

165,198

164,259

170,124

65,025
3,979

66,780
4,081

18,260
5,185
6,268

9,002
23,296
191
66,574
66,111
26,744
38,412

955
463
-340,977
-273,850
-228,698
-45,152
-3,061
-14,168
-4,958
-7,590

-2,694
-12,014

-667
-67,127
-65,376
-10,567
-31,849
-22,960
-1,751
-2,168
-1,095
-6,623

17,938
4,843
6,575
9,894
9,029
23,240
23,278
209
199
62,209
63,081
61,744
62,617
23,124
25,639
37,744
36,019
959
876
464
465
-344,182 -348,180
-275,008 -280,166
-229,228 -233,711
-45,780
-46,455
-3,406
-3,276
-14,131
-14,070
-5,125
-5,085
-7,849
-7,700
-2,721
-2,923
-12,163
-12,276
-745
-765
-68,014
-69,174
-66,188
-67,381
-11,081
-11,290
-32,408
-33,314
-22,699
-22,777
-1,826
-1,793
-10,787
-13,474
-2,807
-5,742
-1,106
-1,071
-6,874
-6,661
17,149
5,052
6,339

295,932
231,904
164,292
67,612
4,340
18,138
4,995
6,501

301,369

312,189

234,512

242,626

165,862

173,578

68,650
4,099

69,048
4,257

18,437
5,240
6,731

18,322
5,332
6,921
9,317
24,696
203

9,337

9,365

24,095
206

24,531
247

64,028
63,558
26,910
35,760
888

28,486
37,072
828

470

471

-14,847
-5,114
-7,726

-14,960
-5,316
-8,362

-15,191
-5,456
-9,102

66,857
29,916
38,426

751
470
-354,246 -371,066 -390,934
-585,878 -299,597 -316,451
-238,495 -550,274 -265,723
-49,323 -50,728
-47,383
-3,593
-3,850
-3,503

-3,176

-3,197

-12,335

-13,166

-682

-729

-5,921
-13,452
-756

-71,469
-69,611
-14,496
-31,960
-53,155
-1,858

-74,483
-72,613
-14,259
-34,207
-24,147
-1,870

-11,212

-2,760
-1,116
-7,336

-11,204
-5,700
-1,107
-7,397

178

166

-66,504
-12,076
-31,759
-1,864
-10,340
-2,200
-1,104
-7,036

Capital and financial account
Capital account

39

Capital account transactions, net

178

166

160

148

166

-18,746 -156,044 -102,510

-50,607
-2,369

-15,148

-154,713

-101,483

4,068

1,159

1,950

563
3
3,502

-190
1,413
-64

-185
2,268
-133
-673
-1,591

Financial account
U.S.-owned assets abroad, net (increase/financial outflow (-))
U.S. official reserve assets, net
Gold 7
Special drawing rights
Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund
Foreign currencies
U.S. Government assets, other than official reserve assets, net
U.S. credits and other long-term assets
Repayments on U.S. credits and other long-term assets 8
U.S. foreign currency holdings and U.S. short-term assets, net
U.S. private assets, net
Direct investment
Foreign securities
U.S. claims on unaffiliated foreigners reported by U.S. nonbanking
U.S. claims r e ^ i o r t e d ' b f u . ' ^
Foreign-owned assets in the United States, net (increase/financial
lnftow(+))
.

-120,517

-62,097

4,068

1,159

1,950

-1,945

-2,026

-2,078
-136

-227
-1,924
-518

563
3
3,502

-190
1,413

-185
2,268
-133

72
-1,031
-986

188
-2,078
-136

-527
-1,924

185
-1,285
1,332
138

-50
-1,043
938
55

119
-1,304
1,545
-122

-392

-673

-2,167

-1,591
1,020

-483
-1,156

185
-1,285

-392
-2,167

1,332

-50
-1,043
938
55

119
-1,304

699
-56

1,545
-122

1,887

-112

-102

-60,256
-21,586
14,994

-48,188
-30,773
-70,809

-19,335
-41,385
8,132

-155,480
-31,566
-64,579

-102,760
-44,535
-26,511

-13,853
27,771

-16,816
-42,519

-32,098

145

699
-56

-285,605
-132,829
-102,817

-119,424
-44,507
-32,886

-61,651
14,994

-42,167
-24,752
-70,809

-25,041
-24,918

-14,327
-57,704

-20,320
-33,344

16,202
37,192

-22,981

67

502,637

163,275

94,776

-21,684
-3,625
-9,957
6,332
-3,113
-3,477

-10,551
-20,064
-20,318
254
-807
9,488
832

-46,489
-30,905
-32,811
1,906
-524
-12,866
-2,494

24,352
33,398
31,836
1,562
-1,054
-7,133
-859

Other foreign assets in the United States, net
Direct investment
U.S. Treasury securities
U.S. securities other than U.S. Treasury securities
U.S. currency
U.S. liabilities to unaffiliated foreigners reported by U.S. nonbanking

524,321
193,375
46,155
218,026
16,622

173,826
21,755
25,759
71,785
2,349

141,265
26,135
-1,438
20,103
7,277

123,541
118,593
24,391
49,328
6,250

9,412
40,731

18,040
34,138

11,875
77,313

10,126

9,763

42,460

U.S. liabilities' reported by' U S . ' b a n ^

70
70a

Statistical discrepancy (sum of above items with sign reversed)
Of which seasonal adjustment discrepancy

71
72
73
74
75
76

Memoranda:
Balance on goods (lines 3 and 20)
Balance on services (lines 4 and 21)
Balance on poods and services (lines 2 and 19)
Balance on income (lines 12 and 29)
Unilateral current transfers, net (line 35)
Balance on current account (lines 1,18, and 35 or lines 73, 74, and
75) 13

See footnotes on page 111.




-546,932
-164,282
-12,205
-44,075
-220,562

-59,612
18,603
-41,009

-643
-9,494
-51,346

-75,009
19,220
-55,789
-7,496

1,887

-112
-102
-22,933 -156,811 -103,787

138

-218

1,020

-44,983
8,132

-32,897
-64,579

-45,562
-26,511

-118,089
-43,172
-32,886

-13,853
27,771

-16,816
-42,519

-32,098
384

-14,327
-27,704

-50,320
-33,344

16,202
37,192

275,220

208,177

93,547

149,805

274,271

207,153

-628
-916
-6,708
5,792
-647
1,437
-502

12,106
14,812
12,880

-10,551
-20,064

-46,489
-30,905
-32,811
1,906
-224
-12,866

24,352
33,398
31,836
1,562
-1,054
-7,133
-859

4,708
6,793
800
5,993
-1,594
-589
98

-628
-916
-6,708
5,792
-647
1,437
-502

12,106
14,812
12,880
1,932
-1,163
-1,832
289

274,899
154,373
-5,407
79,067
3,057

195,047
44,474
9,713
93,062

8,871
34,938

12,136
30,965

147,893

Foreign official assets in the United States, net
U.S. Government securities
U.S. Treasury securities 9
Other 10
Other U.S. Government liabilities 11
U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks, not included elsewhere
Other foreign official assets 12

-64

4,708

6,793
800
5,993
-1,594
-589

1,932
-1,163

-20,318
254

-607

-1,832
289

9,488
832

22,725
-8,781
61,540
2,440

275,848
155,322
-5,407
79,067
3,057

196,071
45,498
9,713
93,062

140,036
24,906
-1,438
20,103
7,277

125,453
120,505
24,391

4,697

173,017
20,946
25,759
71,785
2,349

6,250

84,152
22,949
-8,781
61,540
2,440

-53,210
-21,811

20,188
-14,184

8,871
34,938

12,136
30,965

18,040
34,138

11,875
77,313

-53,210
-21,811

20,188
-14,184

-41,839

-10,488

-39,103

-5,678

10,291
528

31,878
-10,582

-37,695

-5,224
5,264

-63,500

-64,969
19,245
-45,724
-6,965

-63,587
20,325
-43,262
-4,933

-10,787

-13,474

-10,607

-64,650
22,117
-42,533
-5,270
-13,831

-67,559
21,660
-45,899
-3,249
-10,420

-73,892

-61,634

-59,568

-80,883
16,201

-10,744

-101,673
18,228
-83,445
-5,531
-11,179

-60,251

-100,155

-64,682
-4,825

21,539
-41,961
-553

-52,400

-2,494

-63,476

4,144

384

-15,887
-10,209

-74,203
20,229
-53,974
-4,340
-10,340

-64,412
19,327
-65,085
-4,612
-11,212

-92,145
18,320
-73,825
-4,920
-11,204

-68,654

-80,909

-89,949

100

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

• January 2000

Table 2.—U.S. Trade in Goods
[Millions of dollars]
Seasonally adjusted
Line

1998
III*

III"

Balance of payments adjustments to Census trade data:
EXPORTS
Exports of goods, Census basis' Including reexports and including military
ordnt snlpfUGnts
*•*...*•.... *

682,138 172,703 170,341 160,624 178,470 166,448 171,792 169,411 172,997 167,517 167,499 174,125 167,396 169,199 176,553

Adjustments:
567

Private gift parcel remittances

157

147

132

131

139

145

161

157

147

132

131

27

Gold exports, nonmonetary
Inland U.S. freight to Canada
U.S.-Canadian reconciliation adjustments, n.e.c, net 2
Exports transferred under U.S. military agency sales contracts identified in Census
oocum&nts
**•*»•
* •****•
Other adjustments, net 4

-10,903
-1,556

-2,338
-151

-2,095
-372

-2,837
-533

-3,633
-500

-2,669
-601

139

145

161

27

-2,853 -2,404 -2,338 -2,095 -2,837 -3,633 -2,669 -2,853 -2,404
-372
-533
-500
-601
-732
-631 -732
-151
-631

Equals: Exports of goods, adjusted to balance of payments basis excluding
670,246 170,371 168,021 157,386 174,468 163,344 168,453 166,436 170,665 165,198 164,259 170,124 164,292 165,862 173,578
IMPORTS
Imports of goods, Census basis l (general imports)

911,896 216,714 226,659 230,785 237,738 230,293 248,575

224,223 227,724 227,618 232,331 237,885 249,513 264,200

Adjustments:
Electric energy
Gold importSt nonmonGtciry
*
Inland freight in Canada
U.S.-Canadian reconciliation adjustment, n.e.c, net 2
Imports of U.S. military agencies identified in Census documents3
Other adjustments, net 5 *
Equals: Imports of goods, adjusted to balance of payments basis, excluding
"miHtary~(table 1, line 20)
„!...
Z
....

10
333

49
2,908
3,572
-1,200

-301
-1

-306
-2

11
1,093
835

20
796
872

907

112
925

1,083
885

926

-311
-18

-282
-26

-273
-36

-266
-22

-231
-226

-301
-1

12

10
333

-306
-2

917,178 218,032 227,633 232,395 239,118 230,903 249,336 268,109 225,541

11
1,093
-311
-18

12

20
796
872

112
925

1,083

907

-282
-26

-273
-36

-266
-22

-231
-226

229,228 233,711 238,495 250,274 265,723

Trade in goods, by area and country, adjusted to balance of payments basis,
excluding military:7
EXPORTS
Total, all countries (A-8).

670,246 170,371 168,021 157,386 174,468 163,344 168,453 166,436 170,665 165,198 164,259 170,124 164,292 165,862 173,578

Western Europe
European Union
Belgium and Luxembourg
France
Germany8
Italy....!.
Netherlands
United Kingdom
Other
Western Europe, excluding EU ,

159,107
145,926
14,265
17,522
26,388
8,911
18,816
37,899
22,125
13,181

Canada2
japan
Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa 9
Australia
Eastern Europe

2,379
5,103
10,085
5,807
2,880

39,587
36,444
3,559
4,403
6,561
2,156
4,481
9,771
5,513
3,143

37,191
34,161
3,376
3,863
6,288
2,019
4,285
9,302
5,028
3,030

41,089
36,961
3,423
4,568
7,148
2,357
4,947
8,741
5,777
4,128

41,287
38,499
3,465
5,014
6,862
2,299
4,741
9,809
6,309
2,788

40,173
36,847
3,206
4,618
6,560
2,556
4,656
9,302
5,949
3,326

37,697
34,446
3,183
3,944
6,063
2,243
4,673
8,967
5,373
3,251

41,320
38,439
3,916
4,707
6,412
2,388
5,115
10,094
5,807
2,881

38,857
35,762
3,487
4,318
6,440
2,119
4,401
9,574
5,423
3,095

38,795
35,624
3,523
4,025
6,552
2,105
4,472
9,686
5,261
3,171

40,135
36,101
3,339
4,472
6,984
2,299
4,828
8,545
5,634
4,034

41,571
38,770
3,470
5,068
6,871
2,317
4,771
9,924
6,349
2,801

39,465
36,193
3,153
4,525
6,443
2,512
4,585
9,129
5,846
3,272

39,277
35,887
3,313
4,103
6,315
2,344
4,863
9,354
5,595
3,390

156,810
56,595

14,800

40,835
14,063

35,892
14,042

40,437
13,690

40,070
14,432

42,857
13,328

39,594
13,586

39,767
14,764

40,129
13,894

37,372
14,692

39,542
13,245

40,276
14,472

42,163
13,218

41,163
14,239

11,775

3,117

2,838

2,918

2,902

2,543

2,758

2,938

3,127

2,777

3,038

2,833

2,565

2,707

3,054

2,299

1,655

1,412

1,213

1,304

1,458

1,961

2,284

1,745

1,375

1,204

1,298

1,529

32,362
3,019
18,863
1,451
9,029

33,539
3,228
20,073
1,260
8,978

36,949
3,477
23,088
1,450
8,934

41,240
38,360
3,907

7,365

Latin America and Other Western Hemisphere .
Brazil
Mexico
Venezuela
Other

141,599
15,029
78,388
6,462
41,720

35,309
3,470
19,507
1,851
10,481

35,517
3,786
19,175
1,762
10,794

34,410
3,677
19,129
1,433
10,171

36,363
4,096
20,577
1,416
10,274

32,125
2,974
18,738
1,443
8,970

34,060
3,291
20,395
1,278
9,096

35,417
3,341
22,146
1,381
8,549

35,361
3,484
19,556
1,855
10,466

34,910
3,710
18,844
1,729
10,627

3,832
19,931
1,499
10,637

35,429
4,003
20,057
1,379
9,990

Other countries in Asia and Africa 79 ..
Asia 7 9
Members of OPEC
China
Hong Kong
...
Korea, Republic of
Sinqaoore
TaiwarV
Africa79
Members of OPEC

136,995
125,980
15,455
13,977
12,849
15,782
15,557
17,234
10,584
1,465

34,260
31,684
4,104
3,180
3,192
3,369
3,914
4,688
2,482
421

32,882
30,273
3,490
3,116
3,410
3,700
3,805
4,098
2,495
310

31,278
28,523
3,043
3,172
3,097
3,532
3,948
3,753
2,625
359

38,575
35,500
4,818
4,509
3,150
5,181
3,890
4,695
2,982
375

31,674
29,327
2,844
2,777
2,986
4,729
3,875
3,791
2,274
310

33,973
31,443
2,532
3,556
2,989
5,655
3,693
4,199
2,394
233

35,746
33,292
2,264
3,518
3,265
6,024
4,388
4,598
2,333
305

34,365
31,804
4,118
3,209
3,195
3,369
3,935
4,710
2,467
414

32,347
29,772
3,429
3,066
3,361
3,664
3,716
4,033
2,462
310

32,718
29,818
3,192
3,312
3,230
3,706
4,104
3,927
2,765
380

37,565
34,586
4,716
4,390
3,063
5,043
3,802
4,564
2,890
361

31,842
29,494
2,843
2,784
2,983
4,732
3,929
3,822
2,275
312

33,472
30,957
2,499
3,489
2,950
5,580
3,620
4,145
2,379
234

37,367
34,786
2,391
3,668
3,409
6,294
4,562
4,820
2,454
324

389,758 100,019

98,643

91,291

99,805

97,405

4,835
61,260

95,033 100,198
23,969
6,387
3,950
67,453 64,080

95,201

5,562
63,816

99,352 100,085
26,806 25,846
4,597
4,043
59,395 64,325

96,954

23,382
257,106

5,468
62,776

5,071
63,987

6,456
66,263

99,911
26,949
4,606
59,775

98,507
25,394
3,993
63,362

98,998
24,959
4,165
70,415

International organizations and unallocated

Industrial countries7
Of which: Euro area 10 ....
Members of OPEC 7
Other countries7
See footnotes on page 111.




6,376
63,976

68,054

January 2000 • 101

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 2.—U.S. Trade in Goods-Continued
[Millions of dollars]
Not seasonally adjusted
Line

1998

1999

Trade in goods, by area and country, adjusted to balance of payments basis,
excluding military7—Continued:
IMPORTS

917,178

Total, all countries (A-16)..

218,032

227,633 232,395 239,118 230,903 249,336

194,016
176,081
8,769
24,005
49,727
20,942
7,545
34,416
30,677
17,935

Western Europe
European Union
Belgium and Luxembourg
France
Germany8

Italy
Netherlands
United Kingdom
Other
Western Europe, excluding EU
Canada 2
Japan
Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa 9 .
Australia

45,018
40,693
2,164
5,392
11,468
5,023
1,686
8,110
6,850
4,325

48,154
43,973
2,139
6,120
12,355
5,138
1,889
8,703
7,629
4,181

175,806
121,850

43,231
30,327

44,796
29,952

48,533
44,029
2,176
6,022
12,042
5,240
1,897
8,579
8,073
4,504

52,311
47,386
2,290
6,471
13,862
5,541
2,073
9,024
8,125
4,925

48,566
44,717
2,451
6,098
12,466
5,229
1,852
8,823
7,798
3,849

41,779
29,837

46,000
31,734

47,684
31,098

229,228 233,711 238,495 250,274

268,109 225,541

265,723

52,424
47,919
2,412
6,276
13,673
5,616
1,943
9,612
8,387
4,505

54,252
48,921
2,195
6,619
13,696
5,675
2,052
9,918
8,766
5,331

46,554
42,106
2,242
5,586
11,843
5,196
1,750
8,391
7,098
4,448

48,401
44,196
2,149
6,154
12,428
5,159
1,898
8,742
7,666
4,205

47,884
43,434
2,141
5,942
11,885
5,171
1,873
8,457
7,965
4,450

51,177
46,345
2,237
6,323
13,571
5,416
2,024
8,826
7,948
4,832

50,109
46,152
2,521
6,296
12,842
5,398
1,909
9,119
8,067
3,957

52,629
48,106
2,422
6,304
13,730
5,636
1,950
9,652
8,412
4,523

53,811
48,521
2,177
6,563
13,588
5,633
2,034
9,830
8,696
5,290

50,096
30,849

49,408
33,435

44,685
31,403

45,003
30,068

41,172
29,392

44,946
30,987

49,246
32,082

50,302
30,954

48,937
33,146

5,372

1,262

1,435

1,315

1,360

1,093

1,372

1,447

1,306

1,441

1,297

1,328

1,139

1,378

1,435

10,899

2,423

2,858

2,874

2,744

2,402

3,096

2,856

2,513

2,867

2,834

2,685

2,470

3,109

2,830

Latin America and Other Western Hemisphere .
Brazil
Mexico
Venezuela . . . .
Other

145,730
10,102
95,454
9,180
30,994

34,759
2,281

36,683
2,647

44,660
3,068

35,872
2,365

36,968
2,434

28,853
3,328
9,411

23,273
2,518
7,716

23,505
2,176
7,700

24,583
2,131
7,820

38,471
2,469
25,717
1,883
8,402

41,320
2,883

27,169
2,626
8,497

36,864
2,658
24,093
2,355
7,758

36,026
2,645

25,156
2,162
7,987

37,327
2,387
24,940
1,841
8,159

41,166
2,874

23,961
2,347
7,728

36,492
2,683
23,814
2,192
7,803

37,796
2,491

22,523
2,479
7,476

27,273
2,634
8,530

44,247
3,039
28,591
3,293
9,324

Other countries in Asia and Africa 7 9 ..
Asia79
Members of OPEC
China
Hong Kong
Korea, Republic of

263,505
247,324
18,905
71,170
10,540
23,914
18,353
33,111
15,844
5,832

61,012
56,614
4,651
14,811
2,317
5,619
4,545
7,777
4,332
1,614

63,755
59,345
4,563
16,823
2,486
5,917
4,686
8,009
4,334

71,565
67,611
5,088
20,462
3,134
6,076
4,616
8,686
3,837
1,312

67,173
63,754
4,603
19,074
2,603
6,302
4,506
8,639
3,341
1,097

62,733
59,223
4,517
16,428
2,233
6,447
4,170
7,970
3,442
1,173

70,333

82,051
77,346
6,896
23,629
3,083
8,139
4,756
9,114
4,597
1,849

58,721
4,763
15,431
2,413
5,828
4,699
8,066
4,418
1,631

64,054
59,631
4,586
16,931
2,496
5,938
4,705
8,042
4,346
1,817

70,623
66,712
5,039
20,205
3,093
5,986
4,547
8,561
3,795
1,302

65,620
62,260
4,517
18,603
2,538
6,162
4,402
8,442
3,285
1,082

64,978
61,375
4,640
17,097
2,326
6,666
4,310
8,253
3,532
1,189

70,582
66,423
5,559
19,368
2,368
7,514
4,527
8,732
4,086
1,511

81,317
76,657
6,829
23,413
3,055
8,065
4,718
9,035
4,553
1,829

Eastern Europe

Taiwan
Africa 7 9
. .
Members of OPEC ,

5,539
19,300
2,362
7,487
4,509
8,699
4,073
1,505

International organizations and unallocated .
Memoranda:
Industrial countries 7 .
Of which: Euro area 1 0
Members of OPEC 7
Other countries 7

501,736 120,945 125,571 122,682 132,538 129,530 136,007
33,285 35,289
33,917
8,744
8,592
8,719
7,862
7,531
9,670
381,525 88,343 93,343 101,121 98,718 93,842 103,659

139,807 125,094 126,148 120,946
36,374
8,912
12,073
8,758 8,517
116,229 91,535 93,792

129,548 133,701 136,533 138,583
34,348 35,426 36,083
7,712
7,730
9,704 11,951
96,433 97,082 104,037 115,189

BALANCE (EXCESS OF EXPORTS +)
-246,932 -47,661 -59,612 -75,009

Total, all countries

-67,559 -60,883 -101,673 -54,876 -63,500 -64,969 -63,587 -74,203 -64,412 -92,145

Western Europe
European Union
Belgium and Luxembourg
France
Germany 8
Italy
Netherlands
United Kingdom
Other
.:.
Western Europe, excluding EU

-34,909

-3,778 -8,567 -11,342 -11,222
-30,155 -2,333 -7,529 -9,868 -10,425
1,420
5,496
1,743
1,200
1,133
-6,483
-704 -1,717 -2,159 -1,903
-23,339 -5,077 -5,794 -5,754 -6,714
-12,031 -5,644 -5,982 -3,221 -3,184

Canada 2
Japan
. ..
Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa 9 .

-18,996 -3,585 -3,961 -5,887 -5,563
-65,255 -15,527 -15,889 -15,795 -18,044

11,271
3,483
-8,552
^,754

3,417
1,975
-1,043

-1,445

2,592
1,068
-2,116
-1,038

2,388
723
-3,045
-1,474

2,874
-283
-2,348

-797

6,403

94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104

1,403

1,603

1,542

-3,534

-424

-559

-1,219

-4,131
4,927

550
1,189
-3,016

-1,166
1,139

-5,082
994
-4,685
-759
2,368

-1,433
1,605

-7,614

-1,332

Latin America and Other Western Hemisphere .
90
91
92
93

1,855

Eastern Europe

-7,279 -12,251
-6,218 -11,072
1,014
794
-1,084 -1,658
-5,604 -7,113
-2,930 -3,060
2,713
-310
-1,489 -5,438
-1,061 -1,179

Brazil
Mexico
Venezuela
Other

.

-17,066

. . .

-2,718
10,726

'.

Other countries in Asia and Africa
Asia79
Members of OPEC
China
Hong Kong
Korea, Republic of
Singapore

79

....

Taiwan

Africa 7 9
Members of OPEC

-4,786
-585
-628
3,005 3,066

-4,579
-746
2,287

1,450

-7,239
-17,521

-16,555
-14,475
988
-2,675
-7,633
-3,432
2,621
-951
-3,393
-2,080

-5,234
-3,667
1,674

-679
-5,431
-2,808

3,365
1,703
-1,291
-1,567

-0,544
-8,434
1,338
-1,836
-5,988
-3,040
2,503
832
-2,243
-1,110

-9,814 -4,918 ^ , 8 7 4
-19,849 -16,639 -16,174

1,386

1,491

1,821

1,336

-1,792

-1,398

-552

-7,106
417

-1,954
1,052

811

599

-511
-9,243
1,119
273
-6,707 -3,717
-663
-1,947
2,750
-662

-7,810 -10,244
1,382
1,102
-1,917 -1,851
-5,333 -6,587
-3,066 -3,117
2,804
2,599
1,229
-281
-2,704 -2,314
-1,279
-798

-6,774
-1,348

-126,510 -26,752 -30,873 -40,287 -28,598 -31,059 -36,360
-121,344 -24,930 -29,072 -39,088 -28,254 -59,896 -34,745
-3,450
-547 -1,073 -2,045
215 -1,673 -3,007
-57,193 -11,631 -13,707 -17,290 -14,565 -13,651 -15,744
924
547
2,309
875
-37
627
753
-8,132 -2,250 -2,217 -2,544 -1,121 -1,718 -1,832
-616
-2,796
-668
-616
-631 -681
-295
-15,877 -3,089 -3,911 -4,933 -3,944 -4,179 -4,500
^359 -1,168 -1,679
-5,260 -1,850 -1,839 -1,212
-722
-4,367 -1,193 -1,499
-953
-863 -1,272

-5,249
-626
2,869

-8,538 -13,164 -14,534
-7,382 -11,913 -12,634
731
949
1,136
-1,228 -1,779 -5,460
-5,971 -7,287 -7,273
-3,081 -3,124 -3,289
2,862
2,635 2,829
805
-523
-476
-1,718 -2,566 -3,101
-1,156 -1,251 -1,900

-3,800 -5,404 -8,970 -8,139 -7,774
-14,700 -17,742 -17,610 -17,736 -18,907

-127
1,187
-3,574
-677
2,937

1,505

1,426

i"329

""*i"ei9

-1,310

1,741

-583

-5,202
587
-6,202
-398

-9,089 -11,042

-1,266

-1,811

-1,301

-1,539
1,569

-6,109
550
-6,854
-432
627

-7,781
345
-7,200
-1,374
448

-7,298
438
-5,503
-1,843
-390

-4,526
-752
2,170

-46,305 -28,843 -31,707 -37,905 -58,055 -33,136 -37,110 -43,950
^ 4 , 0 5 4 -26,917 -29,859 -36,894 -27,674 -31,881 -35,466 -41,871
-645 -1,157 -1,847
t632
,632
199 -1,797 -3,060 ^ , 4 3 8
-20,111 -12,222 -13,865
-14,213 -14,313 -15,879 -19,745
865
782
182
137
582
354
525
657
-5,115 -2,459 -2,274 -2,280 -1,119 -1,934 -1,934 -1,771
-989
-368
-764
-907
-156
^43
-600
-381
-4,516 -3,356 -4,009 -4,634 -3,878 -4,431 -4,587 -4,215
-2,264 -1,951 -1,884 -1,030
-395 -1,257 -1,707 -2,099
-1,544 -1,217 -1,507
-922
-721
-877 -1,277 -1,505

International organizations and unallocated
Memoranda:

105
106
107
108

Industrial countries 7
Of which: Euro area 1 0
Members of OPEC 7
Other countries 7

See footnotes on page 111.




,

-111,978
-10,535
-124,419

-20,926

-31,391 -32,733 -30,178 -35,922
-6,479 -0,443
-5,368 -3,157 -3,757 -1,253 -5,934 -5,627
-24,367 -29,527 -39,861 -30,664 -34,447 -39,334

-44,774
-29,194 -55,745 -32,143 -33,790 -38,026 -39,585
-12,405
-7,399 -10,032 -11,124
-8,123 -2,525 -3,290 -3,446 -1,274 -3,106 -5,711 -7,786
^ 8 , 7 7 6 -27,455 -31,016 -35,778 -30,170 -37,307 -40,675 -44,774

102 • January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 2.—U.S. Trade in Goods—Continued
[Millions of dollars]
Not seasonally adjusted

Line

Seasonally adjusted
1999

1998
III"

Trade in goods, by principal end-use category, adjusted to balance of payments
basis, excluding military:
670,246

170,371

168,021 157,386

174,468

163,344

168,453 166,436

170,665 165,198 164,259 170,124

164,292 165,862

173,578

Agricultural products
Nonagricultural products

53,106
617,140

14,638
155,733

12,507 11,267
155,514 146,119

14,694
159,774

12,183
151,161

11,611 11,866
156,843 154,570

14,017 13,203 12,300 13,586
156,648 151,995 151,959 156,538

11,832 12,260
152,460 153,602

12,931
160,647

Foods, feeds, and beverages

46,398

12,621

10,735

10,215

12,827

11,014

10,563 11,136

12,351

11,468

10,702

11,877

10,802 11,320

43,021
14,361
3,808
4,802
4,942
6,751
8,102

11,759
4,142
974
1,228
1,787
1,707
1,903
2,220

10,012
3,252
819
1,093
635
1,817
2,120
2,188

3,121
972
1,096
542
1,621
1,872
2,110

11,984
3,846
1,043
1,385
1,978
1,606
2,207
2,347

10,092
3,412
799
1,230
1,289
1,496
1,938
1,957

9,707
3,364
936
1,386
714
1,596
2,035
1,997

9,986
3,499
1,059
1,396
880
1,682
1,881
2,044

11,484
3,928
1,026
1,168
1,468
1,797
1,987
2,304

10,647
3,549
960
1,157
1,034
1,785
2,084
2,195

3,234
823
1,183
893
1,617
1,999
2,123

11,024
3,650
999
1,294
1,547
1,552
2,032
2,243

9,895
3,243
859
1,155
967
1,585
2,049
2,051

10,317
3,673
1,097
1,466
1,081
1,567
2,000
1,996

10,772
3,644
910
1,519
1,396
1,678
2,010
2,044

3,377
2,352

862
619

723
444

949
693

843
596

922

856
605

1,150
907

867

821
540

591

853
620

907
662

1,003
748

1,005
770

148,270

38,754

37,695

35,383

36,438

33,955

35,855

36,723

38,637

36,932

36,015

34,109

35,073

37,113

9,780
2,575
1,451
1,270
4,484

2,794
855
381
375
1,183

2,413
593
455
347
1,018

1,948
429
233
288

2,625
698
382
260
1,285

2,006
194
405
302
1,105

1,822
221
401
275
925

1,830
219
177
279
1,155

2,458
649
330
352
1,127

2,481
607
400
333
1,141

2,362
589
381
298
1,094

2,479
730
340
287
1,122

1,862
146
357
282
1,077

1,864
224
345
262
1,033

2,091
279
296
287
1,229

138,490
13,294
13,034
3,683
8,075

35,960
3,566
3,530
936
2,299

35,282
3,423
3,385
975
2,084

33,435
3,216
3,165
923
1,938

33,813
3,089
2,954
849
1,754

31,949
2,592
2,540
697
1,595

34,033
3,089
3,025
675
2,047

34,893
3,257
3,207
697
2,217

36,179
3,635
3,598
979
2,324

34,451
3,425
3,387
971
2,090

33,653
3,175
3,125
897
1,924

34,207
3,059
2,924
836
1,737

32,247
2,652
2,601
738
1,615

33,209
3,089
3,026
670
2,053

35,022
3,215
3,166
672
2,202

Paper and paper base stocks
Textile supplies and related materials
Chemicals, excluding medicinals
Building materials, except metals
Other nonmetals

12,150
8,919
44,979
7,977
18,010

3,214
2,300
11,612
2,030
4,571

3,145
2,388
11,538
2,028
4,570

2,936
2,099
10,883
1,939
4,400

2,855
2,132
10,946
1,980

2,863
2,167
10,866
1,965
4,404

2,948
2,413
11,355
2,093
4,553

3,065
2,264
11,367
2,018
4,552

3,217
2,323
11,563
2,083
4,546

3,111
2,291
11,116
1,958
4,489

2,931
2,151
11,107
1,946
4,480

2,891
2,154
11,193
1,990
4,495

2,865
2,189
10,905
2,016
4,396

2,919
2,313
10,933
2,027
4,472

3,067
2,318
11,510
2,026
4,614

Metals and nonmetailic products
Steelmaking materials
Iron and steel products
Nonferrous metals
Nonmonetary gold
Other precious metals
Other nonferrous metals
Other metals and nonmetailic products

33,161
1,566
5,763
14,236
5,485
2,018
6,733
11,596

8,667
410
1,583
3,745
1,324
718
1,703
2,929

8,190
427
1,499
3,283
1,094
545
1,644
2,981

7,962
359
1,312
3,421
1,303
364
1,754
2,870

8,342
370
1,369
3,787
1,764
391
1,632
2,816

7,092
271
1,335
2,721
715
510
1,496
2,765

7,582
376
1,404
2,828
830
459
1,539
2,974

8,370
379
1,444
3,561
1,506
389
1,666
2,986

8,812
448
1,576
3,820
1,324
721
1,775
2,968

8,061
399
1,460
3,300
1,094
548
1,658
2,902

7,863
339
1,340
3,310
1,303
360
1,647
2,874

8,425
380
1,387
3,806
1,764
389
1,653
2,852

7,224
298
1,328
2,776
715
510
1,551
2,822

7,456
351
1,369
2,840
830
459
1,551

8,272
364
1,473
3,475
1,506
390
1,579
2,960

300,130

74,548

74,008

71,530

80,044

74,452

75,617

76,454

75,183

72,893

74,753

77,301

75,415

74,882

79,664

243,656
27,301
216,355
15,943
11,727
6,275
12,540
42,803

61,867
6,949
54,918
4,210
2,815
1,697
3,362
11,060

6,766
53,694
4,136
3,042
1,572
3,179
11,224

58,573
6,594
51,979
3,877
2,795
1,463
2,869
10,211

62,756
6,992
55,764
3,720
3,075
1,543
3,130
10,308

59,766
6,811
52,955
2,920
3,016
1,374
3,070
9,908

61,824
7,121
54,703
2,956
2,880
1,572
3,196
10,820

64,218
7,386
56,832
2,978
2,808
1,566
3,270
10,744

62,540
7,041
55,499
4,229
2,896
1,744
3,326
11,248

60,627
6,747
53,880
4,066
3,003
1,550
3,120
10,938

6,631
53,235
3,940
2,883
1,507
2,978
10,443

60,623
6,882
53,741
3,708
2,945
1,474
3,116
10,174

60,449
6,910
53,539
2,990
3,097
1,402
3,027
10,067

62,116
7,107
55,009
2,890
2,849
1,553
3,137
10,569

65,649
7,415
58,234
2,961
2,920
1,630
3,412
10,992

45,246
37,650
24,956
3,442
15,773

11,473
9,407
5,991
869
4,034

10,873
8,809
6,031
853
3,975

10,719
9,327
6,151
843
3,724

12,181
10,107
6,783
877
4,040

11,107
10,581
6,146
688
4,145

11,208
11,064
6,279
710
4,018

11,531
12,166
6,927
731
4,111

11,382
9,413
6,384
891
3,986

11,273
8,983
6,108
857
3,982

11,203
9,368
6,181
857
3,875

11,388
9,886
6,283
837
3,930

11,036
10,521
6,599
707
4,093

11,617
11,295
6,355
714
4,030

12,044
12,313
6,939
742
4,281

53,547
31,819
2,927

12,010
7,136
671

12,904
7,654
644

12,122
6,464
835

16,511
10,565
777

13,867
7,874
819

13,203
7,236
590

11,661
5,856
575

11,972
7,092
671

11,622
6,377
644

14,052
8,256
835

15,901
10,094
777

14,147
8,145
819

12,176
6,207
590

13,440
7,508
575

Exports of goods, balance of payments basis, excluding military (A-8)

Agricultural
Grains and preparations
Wheat
Corn
Soybeans
Meat products and poultry
Vegetables, fruits, nuts, and preparations
Other agricultural foods, feeds, and beverages .
Nonagricultural (fish, distilled beverages, etc.) .
Fish and shellfish
Industrial supplies and materials .
Agricultural
Raw cotton
Tobacco, unmanufactured
Hides and skins, including furskins ...
Other agricultural industrial supplies .
Nonagricultural
Energy products
Fuels and lubricants
Coal and related fuels
Petroleum and products

Capital goods, except automotive
Machinery, except consumer-type
Electric generating machinery, electric apparatus, and parts
Nonelectric, including parts and attachments
Oil drilling, mining, and construction machinery
Industrial engines, pumps, and compressors
Machine tools and metalworking machinery
Measuring, testing, and control instruments
Other industrial, agricultural, and service industry machinery .
Computers, peripherals, and parts ....
Semiconductors
Telecommunications equipment....
Other office and business machines
Scientific, hospital, and medical equipment and parts .
Civilian aircraft, engines, parts
Civilian aircraft, complete, all types .
Other transportation equipment
Automotive vehicles, engines, and parts .

To Canada

Passenger cars, new and used
Trucks, buses, and special purpose vehicles .

Engines and engine parts

Other parts and accessories
To other areas
Passenger cars, new and used
Trucks, buses, and special purpose vehicles .
Engines and engine parts
Other parts and accessories
Consumer goods (nonfood), except automotive
Consumer nondurable goods, manufactured
Medical, dental, and pharmaceutical preparations, including vitamins.
Consumer durable 9000s, manufactured
Household and kitchen appliances and other household goods
Unmanufactured consumer goods (gem stones, nursery stock)
Exports, n.e.c
See footnotes on page 111.




11,777

73,156

19,821

19,319

14,997

19,019

18,435

20,098

16,579

19,272

18,142

17,060

18,682

17,862

18,760

19,001

40,573
8,611
6,328
4,324
21,310

10,796
2,350
1,697
1,091
5,658

11,004
2,514
1,990
1,091
5,409

7,806
1,366
1,176
910
4,354

10,967
2,381
1,465
1,232
5,889

11,177
2,259
1,548
1,333
6,037

12,236
2,757
1,869
1,432
6,178

9,712
1,670
1,531
1,200
5,311

10,387
2,322
1,699
1,024
5,342

10,079
2,149
1,785
1,029
5,116

9,180
1,779
1,375
1,033
4,993

10,927
2,361
1,469
1,238
5,859

10,684
2,179
1,544
1,251
5,710

11,148
2,323
1,659
1,342
5,824

11,519
2,189
1,777
1,406
6,147

32,583
7,585
4,131
2,562
18,305

9,025
2,016
1,431
686
4,892

8,315
1,918
1,034
646
4,717

7,191
1,546
759
613
4,273

8,052
2,105
907
617
4,423

7,258
1,789
741
668
4,060

7,862
2,191
657
796
4,218

6,867
1,371
531
855
4,110

1,934
1,370
684
4,897

8,063
1,837
1,038
624
4,564

7,880
1,885
900
642
4,453

7,755
1,929
823
612
4,391

7,178
1,719
710
671
4,078

7,612
2,106
657
768
4,081

7,482
1,684
632
893
4,273

79,261

19,146

20,146

19,705

20,264

19,432

20,129

19,690

19,592

19,788

20,084

19,797

19,894

19,782

20,090

38,437
10,642
37,570
15,344
3,254

9,210
2,413
9,154
3,819
782

9,751
2,709
9,578
3,974
817

9,805
2,681
9,112
3,723
788

9,671
2,839
9,726
3,828
867

9,689
3,021
8,809
3,705
934

9,717
3,016
9,432
3,864
980

9,711
3,074
9,175
3,829

9,470
2,425
9,349
3,862
773

9,627
2,610
9,398
3,865
763

9,703
2,762
9,531
3,833
850

9,637
2,845
9,292
3,784

9,952
3,040
9,021
3,757
921

9,586
2,906
9,285
3,755
911

9,651
3,183
9,535
3,936
904

23,031

5,481

6,118

5,556

5,876

6,056

6,191

5,854

5,630

5,975

5,645

5,781

6,210

6,045

5,933

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

•

103

Table 2.—U.S. Trade in Goods—Continued
[Millions of dollars]
Not seasonally adjusted
Line

1998

Seasonally adjusted
199S

1999
III''

Trade in goods, by principal end-use category, adjusted to balance of payments
basis, excluding military—Continued:
Imports of goods, balance of payments basis, excluding military (A-16)
Petroleum and products

6

917,178 218,032 227,633

50,903

232,395 239,118 230,903 249,336 268,109 225,541

229,228 233,711 238,495 250,274

19,794 13,600 13,392 12,458
13,449 13,336 12,526 11,592 10,416 15,84;
204,583 214,297 219,869 227,526 220,487 233,489 248,315 211,941 215,306 216,770

Nonpetroleum products

265,723

11,453
222,258

10,594
227,901

10,392

10,427

10,942

11,032

7,653
964
704
1,11
2,152

7,635
977
641
1,020

8,013

7,951
901

15,919 19,580
234,355 246,143

41,242

10,246

10,420

9,939

10,637

10,405

11,082

10,607

10,206

10,330

30,311
4,484
3,069
4,314
8,245
3,627
9,640
10,931

7,841
1,450
1,044
1,079
2,409
729
2,174
2,405

7,922
1,159

8,251
982

653
2,590
1,075
2,454
2,831

1,8r
464

699

782
1,019
2,61 867
2,262
2,483
1,846
513

7,360
797
545

8,1 r

7,109
1,009
605
1,059
1,629
940
2,471
2,830
2,114
58;

7,651
871
623
1,099
2,010
1,032

2,300

7,710
1,154
797
1,077
2,197
926
2,356
2,710
2,029
550

597

2,388
711

7,510
1,258
888
1,078
1,948
892
2,336
2,696
2,033
537

7,515
1,141
783
1,030
2,049
889
2,406
2,815
2,099
585

694
1,092
2,096
905
2,419
2,681
2,001
552

626

595

631

2,483
3,081
2,262
671

203,095

50,813

52,634

51,054

48,594

46,376

54,104

60,205

51,345

51,775

51,080

48,895

46,975

53,262

59,981

5,890
197,205
59,436
58,327

1,540
49,273
15,489
15,275

1,632
51,002
15,368
15,071

1,392
49,662
14,778
14,396

1,326
47,268
13,801
13,585

1,364
45,012
12,520
12,302

1,392
52,712
18,211
17,872

1,294
58,911
22,344
21,880

1,488
49,857
15,526
15,274

1,557
50,218
15,558
15,243

1,465
49,615
14,830
14,507

1,380
47,515
13,522
13,303

1,314
45,661
12,593
12,336

1,336
51,926
18,434
18,074

1,347
58,634
22,283
21,894

Paper and paper base stocks
Textile supplies and related materials
Chemicals, excluding medicinals
Building materials, except metals
Other nonmetals

11,223
10,348
29,239
17,909
14,618

2,830
2,562
7,841
4,086
3,474

2,857
2,746
7,611
4,599
3,708

2,773
2,590
6,878
4,748
3,757

2,763
2,450
6,909
4,476
3,679

2,739
2,423
7,581
4,569
3,577

2,689
2,635
7,350
5,736
3,910

2,977
2,630
7,527
6,127
4,099

2,883
2,646
7,487
4,360
3,640

2,81
2,628
7,364

2,780
2,556
7,195
4,526
3,658

2,745
2,518
7,193
4,604
3,686

2,784
2,503
7,247
4,854
3,740

2,653
2,517
7,114
5,514
3,829

2,985
2,597
7,810
5,875
3,995

Metals and nonmetallic products
Steelmaking materials
Iron and steel products
Nonferrous metals
Nonmonetary gold
Other precious metals
Bauxite and aluminum
Other nonferrous metals
Other metallic and nonmetallic products

54,432
3,273
21,183
22,836
6,527
3,942
6,210
6,157
7,140

12,991
810
4,656

14,138
881
5,767
5,736
1,833

12,181
673
4,545
5,086
790

13,207
676
4,642

13,315
922
4,884
5,732
1,687

14,070
831
5,661
5,803
1,833

11,865

13,089
636

1,560
1,446
1,775

13,247
617
5,178
5,664
1,643
1,023
1,490
1,508
1,788

11,940
676
4,456
5,019

1,466
1,480
1,754

13,190
621
5,201
5,606
1,643
1,027
1,418
1,518
1,762

11,603
584
4,247
5,001
810
1,241

1,681
1,592
1,771

14,113
961
5,559
5,740
1,364
1,164
1,645
1,567
1,853

269,558

64,594

67,085

67,304

244,884
29,074
215,810
8,007
7,338
8,813
7,360
44,400

59,461
7,069
52,392
2,035
1,787
2,065
1,837
10,931

60,647
7,191
53,456
2,145
1,806
2,251
1,860
11,558

61,033
7,335
53,698
1,976
1,817
2,262
1,804
10,691

72,475
33,417
17,074
7,347
9,579

16,942
8,857
4,015
1,870
2,053

17,259
8,277
4,128
1,865
2,307

24,674
21,814
7,049

5,133
4,460
1,204

Foods, feeds, and beverages
Agricultural
Coffee, cocoa, and sugar
Green coffee
Meat products and poultry
Vegetables, fruits, nuts, and preparations
Wine and related products
Other agricultural foods, feeds, and beverages
Nonagricultural (fish, distilled beverages, etc)
Fish and shellfish
Whiskey and other alcoholic beverages
Industrial supplies and materials

90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107

108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124

Agricultural
Nonagricultural products
Energy products
Fuels and lubricants6

Capital goods, except automotive
Machinery, except consumer-type
Electric generating machinery, electric apparatus and parts
Nonelectric, including parts and attachments
Oil drilling, mining, and construction machinery
Industrial engines, pumps, and compressors
Machine tools and metalworking machinery
Measuring, testing, and control instruments
Other industrial, agricultural, and service industry machinery
Computers, peripherals, and parts
Semiconductors
Telecommunications equipment
Other office and business machines
Scientific, hospital, and medical equipment and parts
Transportation equipment, except automotive
Civilian aircraft, engines, parts
Civilian aircraft, complete, all types

5,754
1,687

794

2,639
2,986
2,157

1,149

2,085

1,091
1,830
1,091

2,551
3,24;

4,419
3,634

10,31
7,633
1,121

941

2,479
2,739
1,984

1,500

1,050
1,804

1,576

1,634

1,450
1,771

1,442
1,877

1,538
1,970

1,619
1,777

13,800
903
5,460
5,637
1,364
1,163
1,526
1,584
1,800

70,575

67,521

72,602

75,923

66,673

67,293

67,047

68,545

63,743
7,479

66,182
7,933
58,249
1,989
1,998
1,917
1,927
11,560

68,953
8,533

61,496
7,328

60,420
1,576
2,090
1,863
1,983

11,283

54,168
2,022
1,799
2,111
1,859
11,048

60,924
7,176
53,748
1,966
1,755
2,164
1,870
11,125

60,753
7,278

56,264
1,851
1,928
2,235
1,859
11,220

61,191
7,360
53,831
1,905
1,925
1,942
1,819
11,091

10,965

61,711
7,292
54,419
1,973
1,941
2,220
1,819
11,262

18,381
8,120
4,338
1,828
2,481

19,893
8,163
4,593
1,784
2,738

18,273
8,245
4,464
1,681
2,486

19,803
9,210
5,607
1,515
2,723

21,103
9,600
6,425
1,569
2,928

17,980
8,985
4,236
1,915
2,213

17,919
8,389
4,314
1,905
2,341

17,904
8,062
4,287
1,801
2,437

6,438
5,710
1,948

6,271
5,590
1,935

6,832
6,054
1,962

6,330
5,483
1,787

6,420
5,716
2,049

6,970
6,245
2,530

5,177
4,501
1,204

5,641
1,948

957

5,919
1,894
911

792

964

2,149
1,042
2,447
2,792
2,073

810
1,243

1,468

970
645
1,096
2,417
1,031
2,498

2,929
2,150

629
4,433
4,979
790
1,047

635
1,128
2,375

1,063

4,539
5,937
1,894

907

1,684
1,458
1,824

1,643
1,493
1,977

69,766

72,937

75,571

63,380
7,633
55,747
1,898
1,937
1,995
1,842
11,234

66,588
7,910
58,678
1,812
1,944
1,847
1,931
11,143

68,593
8,446

18,672
7,981
4,237
1,726
2,588

19,390
8,355
4,707
1,728
2,661

20,511
9,331
5,859
1,549
2,751

20,632
9,546
6,347
1,547
2,888

6,294
5,616
1,935

6,834
6,056
1,962

6,386
5,539
1,787

6,349
5,645
2,049

6,978
6,252
2,530

53,475
2,046
1,843
2,318
1,812

1,498
1,789

60,147
1,636
2,124
1,901
1,987
11,539

149,055

36,476

37,087

33,434

42,058

43,360

44,623

42,796

36,334

36,340

36,073

40,308

42,906

43,768

46,534

125
126
127
128
129

From Canada
Passenger cars, new and used
Trucks, buses, and special purpose vehicles
Engines and engine parts
Other parts and accessories

51,374
27,316
9,190
3,340
11,528

12,860
6,649
2,537
741
2,933

12,732
6,940
2,024
834
2,934

10,724
5,481
1,989
724
2,530

15,058
8,246
2,640
1,041
3,131

16,511
9,018
3,182
1,068
3,243

16,488
8,604
3,486
1,040
3,358

14,542
7,409
3,007
952
3,174

12,779
6,805
2,406
703
2,865

12,042
6,433
2,016
779
2,814

12,025
6,201
2,242
817
2,765

14,528
7,877
2,526
1,041
3,084

16,281
9,139
2,947
1,029
3,166

15,645
7,904
3,565
966
3,210

16,501
8,571
3,367
1,068
3,495

130
131
132
133
134

From other areas
Passenger cars, new and used
Trucks, buses, and special purpose vehicles
Engines and engine parts
Other parts and accessories

97,681
52,049
5,775
9,195
30,662

23,616
12,423
1,318
2,355
7,520

24,355
12,988
1,465
2,300
7,602

22,710
11,724
1,521
2,161
7,304

27,000
14,914
1,471
2,379
8,236

26,849
14,387
1,723
2,427
8,312

28,135
15,028
1,875
2,392
8,840

28,254
15,177
1,840
2,520
8,717

23,555
12,466
1,338
2,319
7,432

24,298
13,017
1,476
2,281
7,524

24,048
12,751
1,482
2,248
7,567

25,780
13,815
1,479
2,347
8,139

26,625
14,384
1,746
2,364
8,131

28,123
15,091
1,886
2,380

30,033
16,488
1,797
2,641
9,107

216,654
104,089
52,689
10,873
101,699
39,186
19,256
14,325
9,556
10,866

47,577
23,646
11,658
2,645
21,102
8,530
3,767
2,577
1,968
2,829

51,657
24,912
12,093
2,665
24,126
9,700
4,173
3,350
2,347
2,619

60,787
30,060
16,279
3,017
27,835
10,619
5,354
4,273
2,753
2,892

56,633
25,471
12,659
2,546
28,636
10,337
5,962
4,125
2,488
2,526

52,483
26,518
12,878
2,707
23,057
9,453
3,750
3,072
1,830
2,908

55,650
26,486
12,477
2,637
26,401
10,935
4,495
3,745
2,277
2,763

66,812
32,299
16,739
2,931
31,195
12,201
5,700
4,752
2,818
3,318

52,351
25,216
12,714
2,709
24,431
9,373
4,826
3,191
2,460
2,704

54,284
26,090
13,196
2,726
25,377
9,779
4,735
3,619
2,498
2,817

54,749
26,451
13,401
2,727
25,570
9,802
4,715
3,725
2,362
2,728

55,270
26,332
13,378
2,711
26,321
10,232
4,980
3,790
2,236
2,617

57,308
28,105
13,941
2,788
26,445
10,337
4,784
3,774
2,291
2,758

58,211
27,575
13,506
2,698
27,669
10,977
5,087
4,003
2,421
2,967

60,717
28,665
13,815
2,631
28,811
11,291
5,026
4,129
2,435
3,241

37,574
24,044

8,326
5,486

8,750
5,893

9,877

10,621

10,758
6,814

11,275
7,133

11,766
7,443

8,632
5,722

8,676
5,829

9,965
6,142

10,301
6,351

11,113
7,029

11,154
7,077

11,888
7,553

13,530

2,840

2,857

3,811

4,022

3,944

4,142

4,323

2,910

2,847

3,823

3,950

4,084

4,077

4,335

Automotive vehicles, engines, and parts

135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144

Consumer goods (nonfood), except automotive
Consumer nondurable goods, manufactured
Textile apparel and household goods, except rugs
Footwear of leather, rubber, and other materials
Consumer durable goods, manufactured
Household and kitchen appliances and other household goods
Toys, shooting, and sporting goods, including bicycles
Television and video receivers
Radio and stereo equipment, including records, tapes, and disks
Unmanufactured consumer goods (gemstones, nursery stock)

145
146
147

Imports, n.e.c, and U.S. goods returned
U.S. goods returned
Other products, including balance of payments adjustments not included above
(minimum value shipments and miscellaneous imports)

See footnotes on page 111.




104

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 3.—Private Service Transactions
[Millions of dollars]
Not seasonally adjusted

Line

1998
1

II

Seasonally adjusted
1999

1998
III

IV

I

IIr

1999

1998
III*

I

II

III

IV

I

II'

Ilk

245,688

58,542

60,204

64,697

62,245

61,234

62,376

68,723

60,341

62,011

60,847

62,490

63,066

64,304

64,588

Travel (table 1, line 6)
Passenger fares (table 1, line 7)
Other transportation (table 1, line 8)
Freight
Port services

71,250
19,996
25,518
11,178
14,340

15,652
4,581
6,201
2,824
3,377

18,119
5,000
6,261
2,801
3,460

20,354
5,733
6,367
2,669
3,698

17,125
4,682
6,689
2,884
3,805

15,809
4,651
6,362
2,769
3,592

18,271
5,049
6,727
2,883
3,844

21,661
6,051
6,951
2,949
4,003

17,903
4,916
6,338
2,872
3,465

18,260
5,185
6,268
2,769
3,498

17,149
5,052
6,339
2,684
3,654

17,938
4,843
6,575
2,852
3,722

18,138
4,995
6,501
2,819
3,682

18,437
5,240
6,731
2,848
3,883

18,322
5,332
6,921
2,966
3,955

Royalties and license fees (table 1, line 9)
Affiliated
U.S. parents' receipts
U.S. affiliates' receipts
Unaffiliated
Industrial processes'
Other2

36,808
26,761
24,712
2,049
10,047
4,138
5,909

8,655
6,277
5,805
472
2,378
973
1,405

8,716
6,256
5,899
357
2,460
1,018
1,442

8,866
6,328
5,950
378
2,538
1,053
1,485

10,571
7,900
7,058
842
2,671
1,094
1,578

9,124
6,427
5,929
498
2,697
1,093
1,604

9,063
6,301
5,841
460
2,762
1,097
1,665

9,189
6,365
5,852
513
2,824
1,097
1,727

8,882
6,504
5,963
541
2,378
973
1,405

9,002
6,542
6,066
476
2,460
1,018
1,442

9,029
6,491
6,091
400
2,538
1,053
1,485

9,894
7,223
6,591
632
2,671
1,094
1,578

9,337
6,640
6,081
559
2,697
1,093
1,604

9,365
6,603
6,003
600
2,762
1,097
1,665

9,317
6,493
5,971
522
2,824
1,097
1,727

Other private services (table 1, line 10)
Affiliated services
U.S. parents' receipts
U.S. affiliates' receipts
Unaffiliated services
Education
Financial services
Insurance, net
Premiums received
Losses paid
Telecommunications
Business, professional, and technical services ....
Other unaffiliated services3

92,116
28,321
18,212
10,109
63,795
8,964
13,698
2,842
6,985
4,143
3,689
24,338
10,264

23,453
6,752
4,503
2,249
16,701
3,629
3,132
683
1,657
974
955
5,858
2,444

22,108
7,058
4,657
2,401
15,050
1,142
3,778
696
1,722
1,026
926
6,017
2,490

23,377
7,111
4,282
2,829
16,266
2,416
3,419
717
1,780
1,063
900
6,164
2,649

23,178
7,400
4,770
2,630
15,778
1,777
3,369
746
1,826
1,080
908
6,299
2,680

25,288
7,190
4,455
2,735
18,098
3,866
3,419
794
1,860
1,066
882
6,544
2,593

23,266
7,028
4,433
2,595
16,238
1,134
3,950
831
1,887
1,056
872
6,746
2,705

24,871
7,239
4,487
2,752
17,632
2,525
3,624
869
1,911
1,042
818
6,892
2,903

22,302
6,987
4,608
2,379
15,315
2,160
3,132
683
1,657
974
955
5,858
2,527

23,296
7,114
4,631
2,483
16,182
2,251
3,778
696
1,722
1,026
926
6,017
2,513

23,278
7,184
4,411
2,773
16,094
2,310
3,419
717
1,780
1,063
900
6,164
2,583

23,240
7,036
4,561
2,475
16,204
2,243
3,369
746
1,826
1,080
908
6,299
2,640

24,095
7,454
4,560
2,894
16,641
2,312
3,419
794
1,860
1,066
882
6,544
2,690

24,531
7,086
4,402
2,684
17,445
2,309
3,950
831
1,887
1,056
872
6,746
2,737

24,696
7,316
4,626
2,690
17,380
2,351
3,624
869
1,911
1,042
818
6,892
2,826

Exports of private services

165,321

36,887

42,553

45,614

40,267

39,935

46,199

50,349

39,858

41,424

41,739

42,304

43,198

45,001

46,122

Travel (table 1, line 23)
Passenger fares (table 1, line 24)
Other transportation (table 1, line 25)
Freight
Port services

56,105
19,797
30,457
19,412
11,048

11,662
4,232
7,147
4,485
2,663

15,193
5,325
7,533
4,829
2,705

17,234
5,722
7,820
5,016
2,805

12,016
4,518
7,957
5,082
2,875

12,543
4,691
7,554
4,806
2,748

16,063
5,711
8,290
5,370
2,919

18,636
6,147
9,230
6,044
3,185

13,736
4,629
7,321
4,548
2,773

14,168
4,958
7,590
4,858
2,732

14,070
5,085
7,700
4,999
2,701

14,131
5,125
7,849
5,006
2,843

14,847
5,114
7,726
4,864
2,862

14,960
5,316
8,362
5,413
2,949

15,191
5,456
9,102
6,031
3,071

Royalties and license fees (table 1, line 26)
Affiliated
U.S. parents' payments
U.S. affiliates' payments
Unaffiliated
Industrial processes1
Other 2

11,292
8,374
1,169
7,205
2,918
1,546
1,372

2,939
2,001
290
1,711
938
372
567

2,587
1,943
273
1,670
644
382
262

2,685
2,001
298
1,703
684
392
292

3,081
2,429
308
2,121
652
401
252

3,162
2,500
304
2,196
662
408
254

3,073
2,395
310
2,085
678
414
264

2,881
2,168
307
1,861
713
420
292

2,955
2,017
290
1,727
938
372
567

2,694
2,050
273
1,777
644
382
262

2,721
2,037
298
1,739
684
392
292

2,923
2,271
308
1,963
652
401
252

3,176
2,514
304
2,210
662
408
254

3,197
2,519
310
2,209
678
414
264

2,921
2,208
307
1,901
713
420
292

Other private services (table 1, line 27)
Affiliated services
U.S. parents' payments
U.S. affiliates' payments
Unaffiliated services
Education
Financial services
lnsurance.net
Premiums paid
Losses recovered
Telecommunications
Business, professional, and technical services ....
Other unaffiliated services3

47,670
19,095
9,730
9,365
28,575
1,538
3,771
6,908
18,581
11,673
8,125
7,684
549

10,907
4,014
2,047
1,967
6,893
300
927
1,702
4,329
2,627
2,050
1,786
129

11,915
4,759
2,367
2,392
7,156
378
1,010
1,717
4,572
2,855
2,032
1,884
135

12,153
4,881
2,405
2,476
7,272
484
932
1,736
4,770
3,034
2,014
1,968
138

12,695
5,441
2,911
2,530
7,254
377
902
1,753
4,910
3,157
2,029
2,045
148

11,985
4,752
2,315
2,437
7,233
335
834
1,816
4,998
3,183
2,024
2,103
121

13,062
5,516
2,686
2,830
7,546
423
949
1,878
5,054
3,175
2,011
2,160
124

13,455
5,644
2,682
2,962
7,811
542
1,072
1,949
5,095
3,146
1,915
2,211
123

11,217
4,267
2,288
1,979
6,950
356
927
1,702
4,329
2,627
2,050
1,786
129

12,014
4,856
2,424
2,432
7,158
380
1,010
1,717
4,572
2,855
2,032
1,884
135

12,163
4,974
2,453
2,521
7,189
401
932
1,736
4,770
3,034
2,014
1,968
138

12,276
4,998
2,565
2,433
7,278
401
902
1,753
4,910
3,157
2,029
2,045
148

12,335
5,033
2,581
2,452
7,302
404
834
1,816
4,998
3,183
2,024
2,103
121

13,166
5,620
2,744
2,876
7,546
423
949
1,878
5,054
3,175
2,011
2,160
124

13,452
5,742
2,726
3,016
7,710
440
1,072
1,949
5,095
3,146
1,915
2,211
123

Imports of private services

Balance on goods (table 1, line 71)
Balance on private services (line 1 minus line 27)
Balance on goods and private services (lines 53 and 54)
See footnotes on page 111.




-246,932 -47,661 -59,612 -75,009 -64,650 -67,559 -80,883 -101,673 -54,876 -63,500 -64,969 -63,587 -74,203 -84,412 -92,145
80,367 21,655
17,651
19,083 21,978 21,299
16,177
18,374 20,483 20,587
19,868 19,303
19,108 20,186
18,466
-166,565 -26,006 -41,961 -55,926 -42,672 -46,260 -64,706 -83,299 -34,393 -42,913 -45,861 -43,401 -54,335 -65,109 -73,679

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

105

Table 4.—Selected U.S. Government Transactions
[Millions of dollars]
Not seasonally adjusted
Line

1998

1999

1998

III''
U.S. Government grants and transactions increasing Government assets, total

17,610

13,079
13,057
4,075
8,982

2,345
2,340
596

3,971

3,559

6,729

3,635

5,043

4,399

2,824
2,807

5,742
5,742
2,549
3,193

2,209
2,200
492

2,764
2,760
651

2,705
2,700
600

1,708

2,109

2,099

1,591
329
1,092
1
169

By category
Grants, net
U.S. Government current grants, net (table 1, line 36, with sign reversed)
Financing military purchases'
Other grants
Cash contributions received from coalition partners for Persian Gulf operations .
Debt forgiveness (table 1, part of Line 39, with sign reversed)
Credits and other long-term assets (table 1, line 47, with sign reversed)
Capital subscriptions and contributions to international financial institutions, excluding IMF .
Credits repayable in U.S. dollars
Credits repayable in other than U.S. dollars
Other long-term assets
Foreign currency holdings and short-term assets, net (table 1, line 49 with sign reversed)
Foreign currency holdings (excluding administrative cash holdings), net
Receipts from:
Sales of agricultural commodities
Interest
Repayments of principal
Reverse grants
Other sources
Less currencies disbursed for:
Grants and credits in the recipient's currency
Other grants and credits
Other U.S. Government expenditures
Assets acquired in performance of U.S. Government guarantee and insurance obligations, net .
Other assets held under Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act, net
Assets financing military sales contracts, net 2
Other short-term assets (including changes in administrative cash holdings), net

1,744

2,169
2,168
340
1,829

590
2,217

n

22
4,676
1,580
2,431
-3
667

1,192
385
647

-145
22

22
5

1
8

17

1,156
444
610
-7
109

1,285
413
627
2
243

1,043
338
548
1
157

1,304
394
726
-6
191

2,167
456
1,544
1

26
-5

-138
38

-55
-17

122
7

112
-38

167

102

n

n
2

1
41
139

2
93

n

0

456

329
444
2,400
750
80

-72

-210

96

338
376
5,138
384
33

394
174
1,903

393
32
49

211
10
2
287

1,204
282
3
41
178

3,499
800
773
637
24

3,136
1,471
818
746
182

613
1,191
142

564
10
95

n

n

3
41
1,544

2
2
1,263

By program
Capital subscriptions and contributions to international financial institutions, excluding IMF .
Under Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act and related programs
Under Foreign Assistance Act and related programs
Under Export-Import Bank Act
Under Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act
Under other grant and credit programs
Other foreign currency assets acquired (lines A16, A17, and A19) ...,
Less foreign currencies used by U.S. Government other than for grants or credits (line A22)
Other (including changes in administrative cash holdings), net

1,580
1,012
11,532
1,528
325

1,150
65
42
457

385
181
2,074
388
140
209
16
10
176

183
1,879

512
6
202
7
12
130

413
273
2,442
244
147
347
10
-29

193
467

283
2,409

269

217
2
2
178

By disposition3
Estimated transactions involving no direct dollar outflow from the United States
Expendjtures on U.S. goods
Expenditures on U.S. services 4
Financing of military sales contracts by U.S. Government6 (line C6)
By long-term credits
By short-term credits 1
By grants'
U.S. Government grants'"aridi credits to repay prior U.S. Government credits I 4
ZZZZZZZ'.
U.S. Government long- and short-term credits to repay prior U.S. private credits 6 and other assets
Increase in liabilities associated with U.S. Government grants and transactions increasing Government assets (including changes in
retained accounts)7 (line C11)
Less receipts on short-term U.S. Government assets (a) financina military sales contracts > (b) financing repayment of private credits
and other assets, and (c) financing expenditures on U.S. goods
Less foreign currencies used by U.S. Government other than for grants or credits (line A22)
Estimated dollar payments to foreign countries and international financial institutions
, line 48) .
, > of principal on U.S. Government credits
Under Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act and related programs
Under Foreign Assistance Act and related programs
Under Export-Import Bank Act
Under Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act
Under other credit programs
Receipts on other long-term assets
U.S. Government liabilities other than securities, total, net increase (+) (table 1, line 60)
Associated with military sales contracts 2
U.S. Government cash receipts from foreign governments (including principal repayments on credits financing military sales contracts),
net of refunds.'
Less U.S. Government receipts from principal repayments
Less U.S. Treasury securities issued in connection with prepayments for military purchases in the United States
Plus financing of military sales contracts by U.S. Government' (line A39)
By long-term credits
By short-term credits >
By grants'
Less transfers of goods; andI services (including transfers financed by grants for military purchases, and by credits) • 2 (table 1, line

11,253
5,441
3,042
2,304
215

2,275
778
662
635

2,030
927
717
348
37

2,565
894
825
631

4,383
2,841
838

690
44

2,232
603
620
513
48

2,089
390
133

569
161
51

312
13
45

563

646
30
34

464
480
20

1
49
2,347

1
2

1,403
1,545
1,349
52
564
253
473
8
196

1,887
1,701
31
370
208
1,089
3

186

1,020
841
106
463
243
26
2
179
-1,163
-1,161

2,804
281
171
746
182

n

n

O

14
42
6,357

2
10
1,284

2
-29
1,406

4,102
3,354
302
1,507
923
375
247
748

1,133
948
32
534
223
159

-3,113
-3,101
12,525
809
-32
2,304
215

12
1,322

1,332
578
30
276
238
32
3
121

1,085
106
470
243
153
113
246

743
134
227
219
32
131
196

-1,028
-1,082

-$07
-752

-224
-212

-1,054
-1,056

-1,594
-1,595

-U7
-650

3,036
342
-195
635

3,166
105
-327
348
37

2,488
274
-922
631

3,835
87
1,412
690
44

1,730
289
-791
513
48

1,917
84
-581
637
24

1
8

2,089

569

312

563

646

464

613

17,155

4,606

4,489

3,979

4,081

4,339

4,099

n

-8

Associated with U.S. Government grants and transactions increasing Government assets (including changes in retained accounts)7

Associated with1 other'liabilities; I!!!!1!!!!1!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"!!!I!!1!!"!!!!!!!!!!I!!!!!1!!!!!!!!!1!!"!!!!!1!!!!1!!!!!!!!!1!"!1!!!!"!I!!I!!!!1!!1!!!!1!!!!1"!!1!1!11!!!!1!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1!!!!!!
Sales of nuclear material by Department of Eneray/U.S Enrichment Corporation
Sales of space launch and other services by National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Other sales and miscellaneous operations
See footnotes on page 111.




-S3
-11
3
-2

a

62
-4

-55
-53
-1

-20
2
6

564
4,257

O
1

-1
-1

1O4 • January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 3.—Private Service Transactions
[Millions of dollars]
Not seasonally adjusted
1998

Line

1

II

Seasonally adjusted
1999

1998

III

IV

If

I

1998

1

Ilk

II

1999

III

IV

IIr

I

III*

245,688

58,542

60,204

64,697

62,245

61,234

62,376

68,723

60,341

62,011

60,847

62,490

63,066

64,304

64,588

Travel (table 1, line 6)
Passenger fares (table 1, line 7)
Other transportation (table 1, line 8)
Freight
Port services

71,250
19,996
25,518
11,178
14,340

15,652
4,581
6,201
2,824
3,377

18,119
5,000
6,261
2,801
3,460

20,354
5,733
6,367
2,669
3,698

17,125
4,682
6,689
2,884
3,805

15,809
4,651
6,362
2,769
3,592

18,271
5,049
6,727
2,883
3,844

21,661
6,051
6,951
2,949
4,003

17,903
4,916
6,338
2,872
3,465

18,260
5,185
6,268
2,769
3,498

17,149
5,052
6,339
2,684
3,654

17,938
4,843
6,575
2,852
3,722

18,138
4,995
6,501
2,819
3,682

18,437
5,240
6,731
2,848
3,883

18,322
5,332
6,921
2,966
3,955

Royalties and license fees (table 1, line 9)
Affiliated
..
U.S. parents' receipts
U S affiliates' receipts
Unaffiliated
Industrial processes'
Other 2

36,808
26,761
24,712
2,049
10,047
4,138
5,909

8,655
6,277
5,805

8,716
6,256
5,899

8,866
6,328
5,950

10,571
7,900
7,058

9,124
6,427
5,929

9,063
6,301
5,841

9,189
6,365
5,852

8,882
6,504
5,963

9,002
6,542
6,066

9,029
6,491
6,091

9,894
7,223
6,591

9,337
6,640
6,081

9,365
6,603
6,003

9,317
6,493
5,971

Other private services (table 1, line 10)
Affiliated services
U S parents' receipts
US. affiliates' receipts
Unaffiliated services
Education
Financial services
Insurance, net
Premiums received
Losses paid
Telecommunications
Business, professional, and technical services ....
Other unaffiliated services3

92,116
28,321
18,212
10,109
63,795
8,964
13,698
2,842
6,985
4,143
3,689
24,338
10,264

926

900

908

882

872

818

974
955

926

900

908

882

872

818

5,858
2,444

6,017
2,490

6,164
2,649

6,299
2,680

6,544
2,593

6,746
2,705

6,892
2,903

5,858
2,527

6,017
2,513

6,164
2,583

6,299
2,640

6,544
2,690

6,746
2,737

6,892
2,826

Exports of private services

472

357

378

842

498

460

513

541

476

400

632

559

600

522

2,378

2,538
1,053
1,485

2,671
1,094
1,578

2,697
1,093
1,604

2,762
1,097
1,665

2,824
1,097
1,727

2,378

1,405

2,460
1,018
1,442

1,405

2,460
1,018
1,442

2,538
1,053
1,485

2,671
1,094
1,578

2,697
1,093
1,604

2,762
1,097
1,665

2,824
1,097
1,727

23,453
6,752
4,503
2,249
16,701
3,629
3,132

22,108
7,058
4,657
2,401
15,050
1,142
3,778

23,377
7,111
4,282
2,829
16,266
2,416
3,419

23,178
7,400
4,770
2,630
15,778
1,777
3,369

25,288
7,190
4,455
2,735
18,098
3,866
3,419

23,266
7,028
4,433
2,595
16,238
1,134
3,950

24,871
7,239
4,487
2,752
17,632
2,525
3,624

22,302
6,987
4,608
2,379
15,315
2,160
3,132

23,296
7,114
4,631
2,483
16,182
2,251
3,778

23,278
7,184
4,411
2,773
16,094
2,310
3,419

23,240
7,036
4,561
2,475
16,204
2,243
3,369

24,095
7,454
4,560
2,894
16,641
2,312
3,419

24,531
7,086
4,402
2,684
17,445
2,309
3,950

24,696
7,316
4,626
2,690
17,380
2,351
3,624

973

973

683

696

717

746

794

831

869

683

696

717

746

794

831

869

1,657

1,722
1,026

1,780
1,063

1,826
1,080

1,860
1,066

1,887
1,056

1,911
1,042

1,657

1,722
1,026

1,780
1,063

1,826
1,080

1,860
1,066

1,887
1,056

1,911
1,042

974
955

165,321

36,887

42,553

45,614

40,267

39,935

46,199

50,349

39,858

41,424

41,739

42,304

43,198

45,001

46,122

Travel (table 1, line 23)
Passenger fares (table 1, line 24)
Other transportation (table 1, line 25)
Freight
Port services

56,105
19,797
30,457
19,412
11,048

11,662
4,232
7,147
4,485
2,663

15,193
5,325
7,533
4,829
2,705

17,234
5,722
7,820
5,016
2,805

12,016
4,518
7,957
5,082
2,875

12,543
4,691
7,554
4,806
2,748

16,063
5,711
8,290
5,370
2,919

18,636
6,147
9,230
6,044
3,185

13,736
4,629
7,321
4,548
2,773

14,168
4,958
7,590
4,858
2,732

14,070
5,085
7,700
4,999
2,701

14,131
5,125
7,849
5,006
2,843

14,847
5,114
7,726
4,864
2,862

14,960
5,316
8,362
5,413
2,949

15,191
5,456
9,102
6,031
3,071

Royalties and license fees (table 1, line 26)
Affiliated
U.S. parents' payments
U.S. affiliates' payments
Unaffiliated
Industrial processes1
Other 2

11,292
8,374
1,169
7,205
2,918
1,546
1,372

2,939
2,001

2,587
1,943

2,685
2,001

3,081
2,429

3,162
2,500

3,073
2,395

2,881
2,168

2,955
2,017

2,694
2,050

2,721
2,037

2,923
2,271

3,176
2,514

3,197
2,519

2,921
2,208

290

273

298

308

304

310

307

290

273

298

308

304

310

307

1,711

1,670

1,703

2,121

2,196

2,085

1,861

1,727

1,777

1,739

1,963

2,210

2,209

1,901

938
372
567

644
382
262

684
392
292

652
401
252

662
408
254

678
414
264

713
420
292

938
372
567

644
382
262

684
392
292

652
401
252

662
408
254

678
414
264

713
420
292

Other private services (table 1, line 27)
Affiliated services
U S parents' payments
U.S. affiliates' payments
Unaffiliated services
Education
Financial services
lnsurance.net
Premiums paid
Losses recovered
TGlGcomrnunicfltions
Business, professional, and technical services ....
Other unaffiliated services3

47,670
19,095
9,730
9,365
28,575
1,538
3,771
6,908
18,581
11,673
8,125
7,684

10,907
4,014
2,047
1,967
6,893

11,915
4,759
2,367
2,392
7,156

12,153
4,881
2,405
2,476
7,272

12,695
5,441
2,911
2,530
7,254

11,985
4,752
2,315
2,437
7,233

13,062
5,516
2,686
2,830
7,546

13,455
5,644
2,682
2,962
7,811

11,217
4,267
2,288
1,979
6,950

12,014
4,856
2,424
2,432
7,158

12,163
4,974
2,453
2,521
7,189

12,276
4,998
2,565
2,433
7,278

12,335
5,033
2,581
2,452
7,302

13,166
5,620
2,744
2,876
7,546

13,452
5,742
2,726
3,016
7,710

1,010
1,717
4,572
2,855
2,032
1,884

484
932

377
902

335
834

423
949

404
834

423
949

1,753
4,910
3,157
2,029
2,045

1,816
4,998
3,183
2,024
2,103

1,878
5,054
3,175
2,011
2,160

1,702
4,329
2,627
2,050
1,786

1,010
1,717
4,572
2,855
2,032
1,884

401
902

1,736
4,770
3,034
2,014
1,968

1,072
1,949
5,095
3,146
1,915
2,211

401
932

1,702
4,329
2,627
2,050
1,786

1,736
4,770
3,034
2,014
1,968

1,753
4,910
3,157
2,029
2,045

1,816
4,998
3,183
2,024
2,103

1,878
5,054
3,175
2,011
2,160

1,072
1,949
5,095
3,146
1,915
2,211

549

129

135

138

148

121

124

123

129

135

138

148

121

124

123

-246,932
80,367
-166,565

-47,661
21,655
-56,006

-59,612
17,651
-41,961

-75,009
19,083
-55,926

-34,650
21,978
-42,672

-67,559
21,299
-46,260

-60,883
16,177
-64,706

-101,673
18,374
-83,299

-54,876
20,483
-34,393

-63,500
20,587
-42,913

-64,969
19,108
-45,861

-63,587
20,186
-43,401

-74,203
19,868
-54,335

-84,412
19,303
-65,109

-92,145
18,466
-73,679

Imports of private services

Memoranda:
Balance on goods (table 1, line 71)
Balance on private services (line 1 minus line 27)
Balance on goods and private services (lines 53 and 54)
See footnotes on page 111.




300
927

378

542

356
927

380

440

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

105

Table 4.—Selected U.S. Government Transactions
[Millions of dollars]

Line

A1

1998

U.S. Government grants and transactions increasing Governmei

Is, total

3,351

17,610

3,971

6,729

3,635

5,043

2,169
2,168
340
1,829

2,824
2,807
590
2,217

5,742
5,742
2,549
3,193

2,209
2,200
492

2,764
2,760
651

1,708

2,109

By category
Grants, net
U.S. Government current grants, net (table 1, line 36, with sign reversed)
Financing military purchases'
Other grants
Cash contributions received from coalition partners for Persian Gulf operations .
Debt forgiveness (table 1, part of Line 39, with sign reversed)
Credits and other long-term assets (table 1, line 47, with sign reversed)
Capital subscriptions and contributions to international financial institutions, excluding IMF .
Credits repayable in U.S. dollars
Credits repayable in other than U.S. dollars
Other long-term assets
Foreign currency holdings and short-term assets, net (table 1, line 49 with sign reversed)
Foreign currency holdings (excluding administrative cash holdings), net
Receipts from:
Sales of agricultural commodities
Interest
Repayments of principal
Reverse grants
Other sources
Less currencies disbursed for:
Grants and credits in the recipient's currency
Other grants and credits
Other U.S. Government expenditures
Assets acquired in performance of U.S. Government guarantee and insurance obligations, net .
Other assets held under Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act, net
Assets financing military sales contracts, net 2
Other short-term assets (including changes in administrative cash holdings), net

13,079
13,057
4,075

2,345
2,340
596
1,744

0

4,676
1,580
2,431
-3
667

1,192
385
647

-145
22

17

1,156
444
610
-7
109

1,285
413
627
2
243

1,043
338
548
1
157

1,304
394
726
-6
191

2,167

26
-6

22

-138
38

-55
-17

122
7

112
-38

2,705
2,700
600
2,099

1,591

456

329

1,544

1,092

1
167
102

n

'*!
2

41
139

8

-176

-210

338
376
5,138
384
33

0

456

329
444
2,400
750

-72

413
273
2,442
244
147
347

2
93

n

-29

By program
Capital subscriptions and contributions to international financial institutions, excluding IMF
Under Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act and related programs
Under Foreign Assistance Act and related programs
Under Export-Import Bank Act
Under Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act
Under other grant and credit programs
Other foreign currency assets acquired (lines A16, A17, and A19)
Less foreign currencies used by U.S. Government other than for grants or credits (line A22)
Other (including changes in administrative cash holdings), net

1,580
1,012
11,532
1,528
325
1,150
65
42
457

181
2,074
388
140
209
16
10

444
183
1,879
512
6
202
7

12

176

130

11,253
5,441
3,042
2,304
215

662
635
66

717
348
37

2,089
390
133

161
51

312
13
45

10
-29

393
32
49
85

394
174
1,903
193

467
211
10
2
287

283

2,409
269
1,204
282
3
41

178

80
217
2
2
178

3,499
800
773
637
24

3,136
1,471
818
746
182

613
1,191
142

564
10
95

By disposition3
Estimated transactions involving no direct dollar outflow from the United States .
Expenditures on U.S. goods
Expenditures on U.S. services 4
Financing of military sales contracts by U.S. Government6 (line C6)
By long-term credits
By short-term credits'
By grants 1 ....
U.S. Government grants and credits to repay prior U.S. Government credits • 4
U.S. Government long- and short-term credits to repay prior U.S. private credits 6 and other assets
Increase in liabilities associated with U.S. Government grants and transactions increasing Government assets (including changes in
retained accounts) 7 (line C11) .
Less receipts on short-term U.S. Government assets (a) financing military sales contracts' (b) financing repayment of private credits
and other assets, and (c) financing expenditures on U.S. goods
Less foreign currencies used by U.S. Government other than for grants or credits (line A22)
Estimated dollar payments to foreign countries and international financial institutions
Repayments on U.S. Gove
lit long-tei
sets, total (table 1, line 48) .
Receipts of principal on U.S. Government credits
Under Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act and related programs .
Under Foreign Assistance Act and related programs
Under Export-Import Bank Act
Under Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act
Under other credit programs
Receipts on other long-term assets
U.S. Government liabilities other than securities, total, net increase (+) (table 1, line 60)
Associated with military sales contracts 2
~
U.S. Government cash receipts from foreign governments (including principal repayments on credits financing military sales contracts),
net of refunds.'
Less U.S. Government receipts from principal repayments
Plus financing of military sales contracts by U.S. Government * (line A39) ...
By long-term credits
By short-term credits 1
By grants'
Less transfers of goods and services (including transfers financed by grants for military purchases, and by credits)' 2 (table 1, line
5)...,
Associated with U.S. Government grants and transactions increasing Government assets (including changes in retained accounts)7
(line A45)
Associated with other liabilities
Sales of nuclear material by Department of Eneray/U.S Enrichment Corporation
Sales of space launch and other services by National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Other sales and miscellaneous operations
See footnotes on page 111.




2,565
894
825
631

4,383
2,841
838

690
44

2,232
603
620
513
48

563
186
3

646
30
34

464
480
20

0

0

n

0

14
42
6,357

2
10
1,284

12
1,322

2
-29
1,406

1
49
2,347

1
2
1,403

3
41
1,544

2
2
1,263

4,102
3,354
302
1,507
923
375
247
748

1,133
948
32
534
223
159

699
578
30
276
238
32

1,332
1,085
106
470
243
153
113
246

1,545
1,349
52
564
253
473
8
196

1,887

1,020

743
134
227
219
32
131
196

1,701

841
106
463
243
26
2
179

-1,594
-1,595

-647
-650

1,730
289
-791
513

1,917
84
-981
637
24

-3,113
-3,101
12,525
809
-02
2,304
215

1
8
-1,082
3,036
342
-195
635

121
-807
-752
3,166
105
-327
348
37

-224
-212
2,488
274
-922
631

-1,054
-1,056
3.835
1,412
690
44

31
370
208
1,089
3
186

-1,163
-1,161
2,804
281
171
746
182

312

-11
3
-2

4,606

563

646

464

613

564

4,489

3,979

4,081

4,339

4,099

4,257

0

2,089
17,155

-8

-55
-53
-1
-1

-20
2

-1
-1

106

• January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 5.—Direct Investment: Income, Capital, Royalties and License Fees, and Other Private Services
[Millions of dollars]
Seasonally adjusted

Not seasonally adjusted
(Credits +; debits - )

Line

1998

1998
I

U.S. direct investment abroad:
Income with current-cost adjustment, before deduction of withholding taxes (table 1,
line 14)
Reinvested earnings
Interest1
U.S. parents' receipts Z
U.S. parents' payments
Less:. Current-cost adjustment
Less: Withholding taxes
Equals: Income without current-cost adjustment, after deduction of withholding
taxes2
Petroleum
Manufacturing
Other
Capital with current-cost adjustment (table 1, line 51)
Equity capital
Increases in equity capital'
Decreases in equity capital4
Reinvested earnings
IntorcompHny dGut
••
••<
U.S. parents'receivables
U.S. parents' payaWes
Less:. Current-cost adjustment (line 8 with sign reversed)
Equals: Capital without current-cost adjustment2
Equity capital (line 15)
Petroleum
Manufacturing
...
Other
Reinvested earnings without current-cost adjustment (line 18 less line 22) ....
Petroleum
Manufacturing

other

ZlZZ.ll

Intercompany debt (line 19)
Petroleum
Manufacturina

Other

..

ZIZZ

ZZZ!

Z1Z

Z.!

.

Zi:

. ...

Royalties and license fees, before deduction of withholding taxes, net .
U.S. parents' receipts (table 1, part of line 9)
U.S. parents' payments (table 1, part of line 26)
Other private services, before deduction of withholding taxes, net
U.S. parents' receipts (table 1, part of line 10)
U.S. parents' payments (table 1, part of line 27)

II

1999
III

IV

1

IK

1999

1998
III''

I

II

III

IV

I

ll r

III"

102,846
100,071
41,419
58,651
2,775
5,742
-2,967
11,185
1,419

27,804
27,119
8,475
18,643
685
1,339
-654
2,748
285

27,095
26,403
7,734
18,669
692
1,410
-718
2,786
254

22,779
22,108
9,171
12,937
672
1,484
-812
2,815
307

25,168
24,441
16,039
8,402
726
1,509
-783
2,836
573

27,313
26,455
9,006
17,449
858
1,464
-606
2,848
293

28,890
28,021
7,111
20,910
869
1,518
-649
2,852
221

29,539
28,636
6,668
21,968
903
1,577
-674
2,847
209

27,338
26,653
11,298
15,355
685
1,339
-654
2,748
322

26,744
26,052
8,719
17,333
692
1,410
-718
2,786
293

23,124
22,452
10,911
11,541
672
1,484
-812
2,815
361

25,639
24,913
10,491
14,422
726
1,509
-783
2,836
443

26,910
26,052
12,201
13,851
858
1,464
-606
2,848
327

28,486
27,617
8,038
19,579
869
1,518
-649
2,852
243

29,916
29,013
8,072
20,941
903
1,577
-674
2,847
232

90,242
8,058
31,417
50,766
-132,829
-59,427
-79,857
20,432
-58,651
-14,753
-22,277
7,526
-11,185
-121,644
-69,427
-7,254
-15,160
-37,012
-47,466
-2,988
-13,806
-30,672
-14,753
462
2,288
-17,501
23,541
24,712
-1,169
8,482
18,212
-9,730

24,771
2,622
9,079
13,070
^0,589
-12,245
-16,889
4,644
-18,643
-9,700
-6,580
-4,120
-2,748
-37,841
-12,245
-2,397
-5,304
-4,544
-15,895
-1,161
-6,902
-8,833
-9,700
-225
-1,277
-8,198
5,515
5,805
-290
2,456
4,503
-2,047

24,055
2,396
8,811
12,848
-44,507
-20,284
-24,742
4,458
-18,669
-5,555
-6,207
653
-2,786
-41,721
-50,284
-1,443
-2,542
-16,299
-15,883
-1,370
-6,462
-9,050
-5,555
-289
724
-5,989
5,626
5,899
-273
2,291
4,657
-2,367

19,657
1,867
6,368
11,422
-22,981
-13,776
-18,366
4,591
-12,937
3,731
-1,878
5,610
-2,815
-20,166
-13,776
-1,552
-4,417
-7,807
-10,122
-$81
-1,984
-7,257
3,731
96
1,244
2,392
5,651
5,950
-298
1,877
4,282
-2,405

21,759
1,173
7,159
13,426
-24,752
-13,122
-19,860
6,739
-8,402
-3,229
-5,612
5,383
-2,836
-21,916
-13,122
-1,862
-2,897
-8,362
-6,566
424
-458
-5,532
-5,229
880
1,597
-6,706
6,749
7,058
-508
1,858
4,770
-2,911

24,172
1,959
8,119
14,094
-44,983
-19,809
-22,822
3,013
-17,449
-7,725
-5,195
-2,530
-2,848
-42,135
-19,809
-4,552
-5,920
-9,337
-14,601
-686
-4,916
-8,999
-7,725
-1,525
-4,204
-1,997
5,624
5,929
-304
2,140
4,455
-2,315

25,817
2,172
8,691
14,953
-32,897
-7,930
-19,425
11,495
-20,910
-4,057
-8,360
4,302
-2,852
-50,045
-7,930
-563
-4,913
-2,454
-18,058
-1,083
-6,079
-10,896
-4,057
-175
971
^,854
5,531
5,841
-510
1,748
4,433
-2,686

26,483
2,607
8,825
15,051
-45,562
-23,739
-26,538
2,799
-21,968
145
-6,038
5,183
-2,847
-42,715
-23,739
-663
-6,072
-17,004
-19,121
-1,774
-5,693
-11,653
145
443
-2,122
1,824
5,546
5,852
-307
1,805
4,487
-2,682

24,268
2,350
8,848
13,070
-57,300
-12,245
-16,889
4,644
-15,355
-9,700
-5,580
-4,120
-2,748
-34,552
-12,245
-2,397
-5,304
-4,544
-12,607
-619
-4,990
-6,998
-9,700
-225
-1,277
-8,198
5,673
5,963
-290
2,320
4,608
-2,288

23,665
2,485
8,332
12,848
-43,172
-20,284
-24,742
4,458
-17,333
-5,555
-6,207
653
-2,786
-40,386
-20,284
-1,443
-2,542
-16,299
-14,547
-1,550
^,322
-5,675
-5,555
-289
724
-5,989
5,793
6,066
-273
2,207
4,631
-2,424

19,948
2,011
6,515
11,422
-21,586
-13,776
-18,366
4,591
-11,541
3,731
-1,878
5,610
-2,815
-18,771
-13,776
-1,552
-4,417
-7,807
-8,726
-821
-1,926
-5,979
3,731
96
1,244
2,392
5,793
6,091
-298
1,958
4,411
-2,453

22,360
1,212
7,722
13,426
-30,773
-13,122
-19,860
6,739
-14,422
-3,229
-8,612
5,383
-2,836
-27,937
-13,122
-1,862
-2,897
-8,362
-11,586
2
-2,568
-9,020
-3,229
880
1,597
-5,706
6,283
6,591
-308
1,996
4,561
-2,565

23,735
1,751
7,890
14,094
-41,385
-19,809
-22,822
3,013
-13,851
-7,725
-5,195
-2,530
-2,848
-38,537
-19,809
-4,552
-5,920
-9,337
-11,003
-257
^,025
-6,721
-7,725
-1,525
-4,204
-1,997
5,777
6,081
-304
1,979
4,560
-2,581

25,391
2,238
8,200
14,953
-31,566
-7,930
-19,425
11,495
-19,579
-4,057
-8,360
4,302
-2,852
-28,714
-7,930
-563
-4,913
-2,454
-16,727
-1,217
-5,162
-10,348
-4,057
-175
971
-4,854
5,693
6,003
-310
1,658
4,402
-2,744

26,837
2,795
8,991
15,051
-44,535
-23,739
-26,538
2,799
-20,941
145
-5,038
5,183
-2,847
-41,688
-23,739
-663
-6,072
-17,004
-18,094
-1,770
-6,809
-10,515
145
443
-2,122
1,824
5,664
5,971
-307
1,900
4,626
-2,726

Foreign direct investment in the United States:
Income with current-cost adjustment, before deduction of withholding taxes (table 1,
Earnings
Distributed earnings
Reinvested earnings
Interest1
U.S. affiliates' payments
U.S. affiliates' receipts
Less: Current-cost adjustment
Less: Withholding taxes
Equals: Income without current-cost adjustment, after deduction of withholding
taxes 2
Petroleum
Manufacturing
Other
Capital with current-cost adjustment (table 1, line 64)
Equity capital
Increases in equity capital3
Decreases in equity capital4
Reinvested earnings
Intercompany debt
U.S. affiliates' payables
U.S. affiliates' receivables
Less: Current-cost adjustment (line 49 with sign reversed)
Equals: Capital without current-cost adjustment2
Equity capital (line 56)
Petroleum
Manufacturing
Other
Reinvested earnings without current-cost adjustment (line 59 less line 63)
Petroleum
Manufacturing
Other
Intercompany debt (line 60)
Petroleum
Manufacturing
Other
.„
,
Royalties and license fees, before deduction of withholding taxes, net
U.S. affiliates' payments (table 1, part of line 26)
U.S. affiliates' receipts (table 1, part of line 9)
Other private services, before deduction of withholding taxes, net
U.S. affiliates' payments (table 1, part of line 27)
U.S. affiliates' receipts (table 1, part of line 10)
See footnotes on page 111.




-43,441 -10,012 -11,089 -11,540 -10,800 -11,596 -15,023 -14,517 -10,501 -10,567 -11,290 -11,081 -12,076 -14,496 -14,259
-32,425 -7,503 -8,382 -5,661 -7,879 -8,485 -11,504 -11,038 -7,992 -7,861 -8,411 -8,160 -5,965 -10,977 -10,779
-19,638 -3,866 -4,077 -5,021 -8,674 -3,550 -6,334 -2,972 -4,231 -4,363 -4,000 -7,043 -3,806 -6,756 -3,737
795 -4,935 -5,170 -8,066 -3,761 -3,498 -4,411 -1,117 -5,159 -4,221 -7,042
-12,789 -5,637 -4,306 -5,641
-11,015 -2,509 -2,706 -2,879 -2,921 —3,111 -3,519 -3,480 -2,509 -2,706 -2,879 -2,921 -3,111 -3,519 -5,480
-13,014 -2,889 -3,201 -3,372 -5,552 -3,579 -5,972 -3,962 -2,889 -3,201 -3,372 -3,552 -3,579 -3,972 -5,962
495
493
482
468
453
482
380
631
468
453
631
495
493
380
1,999
-4,415 -1,046 -1,085 -1,123 -1,161 -1,197 -1,232 -1,267 -1,046 -1,085 -1,123 -1,161 -1,197 -1,232 -1,267
-182
-167
-157
-168
-213
-138
-106
-556
-142
-282
-642
-127
-130
-112
-1,011
-38,015
-1,443
-20,696
-15,876
193,375
154,204
176,031
-21,828
12,789
26,383
40,093
-13,713
4,415
188,960
154,204
60,088
64,448
29,669
8,374
-327
5,454
3,246
26,383
-2,405
17,553
11,235
-6,156
-7,205
2,049
744
-9,365
10,109

-8,854
-514
^,322
-4,218
26,892
11,875
14,320
-2,445
3,637
11,380
9,947
1,432
1,046
25,846
11,875
-668
1,656
10,887
2,591
-220
1,468
1,343
11,380
3,063
5,431
2,886
-1,239
-1,711
472
282
-1,967
2,249

-9,877
-513
-6,395
-3,969
21,755
11,260
13,166
-1,906
4,306
6,189
7,881
-1,693
1,085
20,670
11,260
447
4,714
6,100
3,221
260
2,567
393
6,189
-1,182
2,428
4,943
-1,313
-1,670
357
9
-2,392
2,401

-10,287
-610
-6,114
-4,563
26,135
22,736
32,033
-9,298
5,641
-2,241
-1,281
-960
1,123
25,012
22,736
399
19,571
2,766
4,518
217
2,831
1,470
-2,241
-5,812
4,237
-2,666
-1,325
-1,703
378
353
-2,476
2,829

-5,997
-6
-5,865
-5,126
118,593
108,333
116,512
-8,179
-795
11,055
23,546
-12,492
1,161
117,432
108,333
59,910
38,507
9,916
-1,956
-684
-1,412
40
11,055
-474
5,457
6,072
-1,279
-2,121
842
100
-2,530
2,630

-10,231
-159
-6,462
-3,611
22,725
7,888
12,720
-4,833
4,935
9,902
17,053
-7,150
1,197
21,528
7,888
436
4,627
2,825
3,738
-256
4,064
-70
9,902
-428
13,941
-3,611
-1,698
-2,196
498
298
-2,437
2,735

-13,578
-933
-7,159
-6,487
155,322
141,367
142,809
-1,442
5,170
8,785
11,468
-2,684
1,232
154,090
141,367
2,366
23,178
115,824
3,938
531
2,531
876
8,785
563
537
7,685
-1,625
-2,085
460
-236
-2,830
2,595

-13,112 -9,350
-1,413
-314
-6,184 -4,818
-5,516 -4,218
45,498 27,016
26,891 11,875
27,820 14,320
-929 -2,445
8,066
3,761
10,541 11,380
9,991
9,947
550
1,432
1,267
1,046
44,231 25,970
26,891 11,875
1,925
-668
10,860
1,656
14,106 10,887
6,799
2,715
1,008
-220
3,313
1,710
2,479
1,225
10,541 11,380
-167
3,063
5,144
5,431
5,564
2,886
-1,348 -1,186
-1,861 -1,727
513
541
-210
400
-2,962 -1,979
2,379
2,752

-9,301
-513
-4,819
-3,969
20,946
11,260
13,166
-1,906
3,497
6,189
7,881
-1,693
1,085
19,861
11,260
447
4,714
6,100
2,412
260
1,538
614
6,189
-1,182
2,428
4,943
-1,301
-1,777
476
51
-2,432
2,483

-10,000
-610
^,827
-4,563
24,906
22,736
32,033
-9,298
4,411
-2,241
-1,281
-960
1,123
23,783
22,736
399
19,571
2,766
3,288
217
2,126
945
-2,241
-3,812
4,237
-2,666
-1,339
-1,739
400
252
-2,521
2,773

-9,364
-6
-6,232
-3,126
120,505
108,333
116,512
-8,179
1,117
11,055
23,546
-12,492
1,161
119,344
108,333
59,910
38,507
9,916
-44
-584
79
461
11,055
-474
5,457
6,072
-1,331
-1,963
632
42
-2,433
2,475

-10,738
-159
-6,968
-5,611
22,949
7,888
12,720
-4,833
5,159
9,902
17,053
-7,150
1,197
21,752
7,888
436
4,627
2,825
3,962
-256
4,494
-276
9,902
-428
13,941
-3,611
-1,651
-2,210
559
442
-2,452
2,894

-12,982
-933
-6,562
-6,487
154,373
141,367
142,809
-1,442
4,221
8,785
11,468
-2,684
1,232
153,141
141,367
2,366
23,178
115,824
2,989
531
1,337
1,121
8,785
563
537
7,685
-1,609
-2,209
600
-192
-2,876
2,684

-12,835
-1,413
-5,906
-6,516
44,474
26,891
27,820
^929
7,042
10,541
9,991
550
1,267
43,207
26,891
1,925
10,860
14,106
5,775
1,008
2,782
1,985
10,541
-167
5,144
5,564
-1,379
-1,901
522
-326
-5,016
2,690

January 2000 • 10J

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 6.—Securities Transactions
[Millions of dollars]
Not seasonally adjusted
Line

(Credits +; debits - )

I

III

IV

Canada

-32,886

14,994

-70,809

-64,579

-26,511

-3,500

-3,083

8,191

-79,361

-67,721

-19,173

-1,144
-138

-4,856
-1,963

-2,707
-1,679

-2,901

-3,047

-1,785

8

-1,3?]
(D)

-66,145
-54,489
-37,757
4,043
-1,437
-14,262

New issues in the United States
Of which Western Europe

-14,116

-11,608
-3,949

Stocks, net U.S. purchases

-102,817
-77,753

Foreign securities, net U.S. purchases (-), (table 1, line 52 or lines 2 + 13 below).

-2,356
1,872

1,773

-76,460
-78,178
-51,564
1,048
-1,883
2,553

-64,674
-57,808
-55,232
1,339

-17,388
-1,041
-5,777

-6,566

-8,887
-7,931

Latin America .
Transactions in outstanding stocks, net

Western Europe

Of which United Kingdom
Canada
Japan

Other

1,659
-31
-2,632
-1,565

-25,064

Bonds, net U.S. purchases

8,444
8,106
362
2,722
-9,755

8
13,373
4,042
2,664
356
-5,495

8,552

-29,803

361

471

-214

3,142

-7,338

-7,791

-14,374

-9,673

-3,790
-225
-3,776

-4,843
-1,175
-8,356

-1,150

-3,963
-724

-5,000
-1,545

-3,460
-2,456

-6,704
-2,983

-550
-2,578

-10,616
-58,295

New issues in the United States.

-54,270

-10,702

-7,142
-1,971
-15,157

-984
-500
-9,218

-275
-293
-6,687
-410

-5,756
-2,335

-3,907
-3,141

-1,615
-3,689

-5,970
-10,209

-2,466
-1,188

-2,581

-13,658
Central governments and their agencies and corporations .
Other governments and their agencies and corporations' .
Private corporations
International financial institutions2
By area:
Western Europe
Canada
Japan
Latin America
Other countries
International financial institutions2

-300

—

-410
-17,474
-9,940
-2,271
-13,216
-14,984
-410

10,707
3

Oner ....".; Z Z . .
" "

U.S. securities, excluding Treasury securities and transactions of foreign official agencies, net
foreign purchases (+), (table 1, line 66 or lines 2 + 10 below)

-6,196
-775
-2,271
-2,199
-2,217

17,525
3,682
3,136

Redemptions of U.S.-held foreign bonds 3
Western Europe
Canada
Other countries
International financial institutions2
Other transactions in outstanding bonds, net
Western Europe
O? which united Kingdom
Canada
jaoan
.

-8,701

-2,764
-46,420

3,102
1,065
890
1,147

15,706
-3,088
-5,648
2,110

-645
-959
-9

3,251
13,433

-1,370

-1,825
-50

-410
5,580
886
1,018
3,676

4,607
1,057
591
2,959

4,236
674
637
2,925

3,463
798
1,123
1,542

2,417
1,404
572
441

6,573
1,584
1,785
2,733
471

12,898
-337
-3,430
4,010
3,158
6,067

13,981
10,801
9,246
-1,324
5,772
-1,268

4,114
3,674
3,034
-233
-1,716
2,389

15,099
10,844
12,165

-4,238

-2,835
3,429

-11,113
-12,907
-10,505
-567
-2,844
5,205

340
3,209
706

-7,208
-7,284
-25
-786
3,781

218,026

76,810

71,785

20,103

49,328

61,540

79,067

93,062

Stocks, net foreign purchases ...

47,487

30,227

14,203

-5,362

8,419

8,841

28,966

24,052

By area:
Western Europe
Of which Germany
Switzerland
United Kingdom ,
Canada
Japan
Other

65,209
10,149
5,262
21,982
-5,725
-2,079
-9,918

27,144
1,881
3,702
10,647
-178
-3,247
6,508

22,101
4,228
4,625
4,070
-2,009
-253

13,724
4,028
425
3,272

2,240
12
-3,490

17,900

-18,522

1,048
7,732

-2,944

-5,636

-7,281

3,778
3,085
4,514
-833
1,990
8,921

170,539

46,583

57,582

25,465

40,909

52,699

50,101

69,010

53,978
48,348
68,213

15,829
19,873
10,881

15,664
17,188
24,730

13,314
1,347
10,804

9,171
9,940
21,798

9,332
18,021
25,346

7,823
17,042
25,236

18,298
21,071
29,641

123,080
4,425
3,595
96,837
5,806
8,345
33,053
255

24,593

35,784
1,726
1,808
27,701
1,488
3,888
16,170
252

24,629
1,129
1,296
18,267
1,511
-1,261
691
-105

38,074
713
121
31,100
946
5,054
-3,247
82

30,954
1,846
1,088

30,637

-1,426
254
802
30

-56,755
1,906
-608
-1,886
1,011

26,118
1,562
-89
-770

Corporate and other bonds, net foreign purchases

New issues sold abroad by U.S. corporations
U.S. federally sponsored agency bonds, net
Other outstanding bonds, net
By area:
Western Europe
Of which Germany
Switzerland
United Kingdom
Canada
japan
Other countries
International financial institutions2

857
370

19,769
1,861

664
19,439

26

-937
373

3,993
-2,601

2,326
2,043
6,953
1,166

21,997

23,356
1,075
1,308

1,389
471
24,506
527
1,518

19,539
-177

17,422
-3

-7,081
5,993
-310
408
-10,363

-3,076
5,792

944
-1,014
17,405

-635
3,401

-511

2,351
1,442
31,250
1,059
8,213
18,304
548

Memoranda:
Other foreign transactions in marketable, long-term U.S. securities included elsewhere in international
transactions accounts:
Foreign official assets in the United States (lines in table 9):
U.S. Treasury marketable bonds (line A4)
Other U.S. Government securities (line A6)
U.S. corporate and other bonds (part of line A14)
U.S. stocks (part of line A14)
Other foreign transactions in U.S. Treasury bonds and notes (table 9, line B4)
See footnotes on page 111.




4,123
6,332
202

-3,679
41,744

2,610
97
-1,053
4,145

29,094

7,494

-678
176
4,657

-1,176
1,932
1,657
-1,368
13,973

108 • January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 7.—Claims on and Liabilities to Unaffiliated Foreigners Reported by U.S. Nonbanking Concerns
[Millions of dollars]
Not seasonally adjusted

Line

(Credits +; increase in U.S. liabilities or decrease in U.S. assets.
Debits - ; decrease in U.S. liabilities or increase in U.S. assets.)

1998

1999

1998

I

IIr

III 1

16,202

-13,853

-16,816

-32,098

649,400

16,705
4,381
12,324

-14,146
-3,257
-10,889

-15,765
-10,663
-5,102

-32,098
-32,098

617,476
511,900
105,576

-19,504
-1,143
1,119

19,516
-1,837
-974

-18,694
4,892
-644

-16,519
1,269
-615

-24,900
-7,198

497,672
112,802
7,002

-13,437
-1,807
-1,696
-2,552
1,795

-11,250
-12,949
3,843
-8,547
269

17,397
16,472
1,992
-1,075
383

-20,182
-15,059
-2,339
6,568
-532

-7,187
-8,434
1,071
-6,253
-325

-179
-565
386

-133
-427
294

-792
-66
-726

-503
-795
292

293
33
260

-1,051
-1,063
12

31,924
30,567
1,357

-1,239
-368

1
-180

134
-267

-493
-299

-881
378

395
-102

-1,030
-21

27,754
4,170

-835
235
-1,007

-792
282
331

105
-236
-1

-189
190
-793

41
-1
-543

-33
21
305

-123
-351
-577

18,392
2,278
11,254

I

II

III

IV

-25,041

-6,596

-14,327

-20,320

-23,434
-48,419
4,985

-6,417
-1,798
-4,619

-14,194
-12,927
-1,267

-19,528
-18,075
-1,453

By type: Deposits2
Financial intermediaries' accounts ....
Other claims 2 3

-719
-21,807
-908

18,264
-23,491
-1,190

-18,995
4,664
137

By area: Industrial countries 4
a which United Kingdom
Canada
Caribbean banking centers 5
Other

-13,734
-780
3,851
-10,051
351

-6,444
-5,496
-288
2,123
-2,096

-1,607
-1,853
246

By type: Trade receivables
Advance payments and other claims
By area: Industrial countries 4
Members of OPEC 6 .....
Other

Claims, total (table 1 , line 53)

PiricLncicu clcurns •*.

*

•.»*»

Amounts
outstanding Sept.
30,1999

*

Denominated in U.S. dollars
Denominated in foreign currencies

CovnniGrcicLl clfliins
•
Denominated in U.S. dollars
Denominated in foreign currencies

-7,198

317,665
196,430
9,058
276,647
23,164

9,412

32,707

18,040

11,875

-53,210

20,188

8,871

12,136

499,609

•••*.

13,570
26,803
-13,233

33,126
33,348
-222

17,046
9,383
7,663

12,217
9,707
2,510

-48,819
-45,635
-23,184

23,322
20,078
3,244

9,022
14,506
-5,484

12,136
12,136

468,186
435,081
33,105

By type: Financial intermediaries' accounts ....
Other Liabilities

8,213
5,357

14,713
18,413

4,907
12,139

7,135
5,082

-18,542
-30,277

13,300
10,022

6,839
2,183

9,136
3,000

152,492
315,694

-1,072
18,638
15,035
-393

21,903
24,802
9,554
1,669

15,615
19,221
756
675

2,419
14,002
10,740
-942

-41,009
-39,387
-6,015
-1,795

21,377
21,856
573
1,372

17,136
11,884
-10,475
2,361

3,000
9,136

254,216
181,817
183,759
30,211

-4,158
-3,759
-499

-419
-131
-288

994
1,221
-227

-342
-790
448

-4,391
-4,059
-332

-3,134
-3,516
382

-151
-203
52

31,423
29,971
1,452

By type: Trade payables
Advance receipts and other liabilities

558
-4,716

-700
281

-280
1,274

853
-1,195

685
-5,076

-962
-2,172

936
-1,087

10,935
20,488

By area: Industrial countries 4
Members of OPEC 6
Other

-1,663
1,096
-3,591

-624
-74
279

1,011
46
-63

360
402
-1,104

-2,410
722
-2,703

-2,696
-478
40

382
-240
-293

20,246
2,874
8,303

Liabilities, total (table 1, line 68)

FiricincicU Ii3oitit 1 GS *«
Denominated in U.S. dollars
Denominated in foreign currencies

By area: Industrial countries 4
a which United Kingdom
Caribbean banking centers 5
Other
Commercial liabilities
Denominated in U.S. dollars
Denominated in foreign currencies

See footnotes on page 111.




January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

10$

Table 8.—Claims on Foreigners Reported by U.S. Banks
[Millions of dollars]
Not seasonally adjusted
Line

Amounts
outstanding Sept.
30,1999

(Credits +; decrease in U.S. assets. Debits - ; increase in U.S. assets.)
II

III

IV

-27,704

-33,344

37,192

15,656

-30,024

-29,602

29,582

34,749

-28,685

-14,115

835,648

15,857

-43,825

-02,288

33,687

40,513

-39,634

-6,843

757,702

-62,671
3,498
-2,959
25,563

24,512
1,505
-7,535
-2,625

-36,220
239
295
-6,139

-43,059
-940
1,393
10,318

2,096
2,694
2,888
26,009

32,687
12,274
-11,201
6,753

-20,796
-10,264
-2,563
-6,011

1,347
2,085
2,347
-12,622

487,456
102,017
34,997
133,232

4,601
1,602
-6,567

18,572
7,244
3,134

-12,020
-6,313
-3,063

11,206
5,397
5,937

-13,157
-4,726
-11,575

26,434
-2,424

9,394
715
424

-13,118
2,068
139

156,153
27,496
45,236

-57,272
5,201
-2,088

5,940
2,278
-6,363

-24,200
3,297
-3,473

-54,265
-5,001
-6,619

15,253
4,627
12,367

6,253
10,178
-5,583

-00,190
-6,005
^906

14,465
1,690
550

331,303
54,913
53,374

-3,305

-8,017
-7,931

3,255
-1,308

-1,336
11,393

2,793
28,105

4,520
-3,745

-6,974
-6,092

-1,673
-10,964

19,608

Total (table 1, line 54)

-24,918

-1,062

By type:
Banks' own claims

-14,388
-26,569

Payable in dollars
By borrower:
Claims on:
own foreign offices
unaffiliated foreign banks
foreign public borrowers'
other private foreigners
By type of reporting institution:2
U.S.-owned banks' claims on:
own foreign offices
unaffiliated foreign banks
other foreigners ....
Foreign-owned banks' claims on:
own foreign offices
unaffiliated foreign banks
other foreigners ....
U.S. brokers' and dealers' claims on:
unaffiliated foreign banks
other foreigners

30,259

Payable in foreign currencies

12,181

Banks' domestic customers' claims
Payable in dollars
Deposits
Foreign commercial paper 3
Other negotiable and readily transferable instruments
Outstanding collections and other
Payable in foreign currencies
Industrial countries 5
Western Europe ....
Of wr7/c/) United Kingdom
Canada
Japan
Other

-10,530
1,997
-5,057
-2,909
5,936
4,027
-12,527
-27,393
-41,603
-14,485
-51,561
36,549
-778

Caribbean banking centers 6
Other areas
Of which Members of OPEC, included below 7
Latin America
Asia
Africa 8
Other




1,047,033

-42,519

-201

13,801

2,686

-4,105

-5,764

10,949

-7,272

77,946

-16,718
-16,983
-12,296
-10,087
5,663
-263

2,320
1,748
-602
2,866
-0,632
3,116
572

-3,742
-2,643
-0,594
-678
1,869
-240

7,610
19,875
11,435
4,990
2,036
1,414
-12,265

-6,978
-16,657
-13,213
-4,360
-13
929
9,679

-13,834
-1,399
-2,217
4,669
-6,089
2,238
-12,435

14,499
2,559
6,375
-2,667
2,631
-3,780
11,940

211,385
199,851
87,222
81,277
17,216
14,136
11,534

7,652
-13,313
7,327
-684
20,937
612

-6,583
-25,338
-23,851
942
19,297
-1,484

-08,509
-14,738
11,671
-15,323
-8,228
-220

10,047
11,786
-3,632
-6,596
4,543
314

11,183
^,304
5,768
9,300
5,875
312

-67,219
-78,597
-40,475
9,505
15,029
-3,156

6,462
1,643
7,951
2,285
-3,318
5,852

580,580
477,000
203,563
58,721
34,700
10,159

-12,924
'.

Memoranda:
International banking facilities' (IBF's) own claims, payable in dollars (lines 1-13 above)
By borrower:
Claims on:
own foreign offices
unaffiliated foreign banks
foreign public borrowers
dll ottiGr fOrQiQriQrs
«.•••»
By bank ownership: 2
U.S.-owned IBFs
Foreign-owned IBF's
Banks' dollar acceptances payable by foreigners
See footnotes on page 111.

27,771

-24,982

2,868

22,346

10,895

10,700

-8,363

308,455

15,167
-7,592
1,680
16,207
508
-5,226

4,210
2,514
-6,543
13,879
-220
-2,905

3,861
2,131
-469
2,758
1,511
61

2,297
-4,933
2,869
1,510
-588
-1,493

4,799
-7,304
5,823
-1,940
-195
1,111

5,693
6,012
1,882
5,749
402
-2,340

4,000
3,050
794
953
182
2,071

2,285
H022
3,994
-3,079
30
1,341

157,998
21,516
88,596
59,809
2,121
7,472

37,620

24,228

-7,323

6,529

14,186

-7,549

-25,403

233,856

33,029
5,081
-203
-287

17,547
7,531
-164
-686

-9,470
2,885
-590
-148

9,870
-0,221

15,082
-2,114
-417
1,635

10,725
7,553
306
-295

-8,740
-106
283
1,014

-25,299
-90
^49
335

144,516
47,287
6,419
35,634

-1,120
38,615
5,105

174
24,054
2,129

-2,310
-6,013

-3,547
9,951
531

4,563
9,623
1,549

3,559
14,730
34

-4,594
-2,955
48

-7,507
-17,896
-177

77,685
156,171
4,614

110 • January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 9.—Foreign Official Assets and Other Foreign Assets in the United States Reported by U.S. Banks
[Millions of dollars]
Not seasonally adjusted
Line

Amounts
outstanding Sept.
30,1999

(Credits +; increase in foreign assets. Debits - ; decrease in foreign assets.)

Foreign official assets in the United States, net (table 1 , line 56)

U.S. Treasury securities (table 1, line 58)
Bills and certificates
Bonds and notes, marketable
Bonds and notes, nonmarketable
Other U.S. Government securities (table 1, line 59)
Other U.S. Government liabilities (table 1, line 60)
U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks, not included elsewhere (table 1, line 61)
Banks' liabilities for own account, payable in dollars J
Demand deposits
Time deposits1
Other liabilities2
Banks' custody liabilities, payables in dollars > 3

-21,684

11,004

-10,551

-46,489

-5,957

-20,318
-19,011
-1,426
119
254
-307
9,488
-1,515
531

-32,811

31,836

-6,178
-26,755

5,995
26,118
-277

-22,879
473

11,336
5,034
6,186
116
2,610
-1,028
-958
1,740
-263

-12,449
-10,903
11,410
-3,477

-1,430
3,433
-2,698
-956

-4,061

-14,160
4,123
80
6,332
-3,113

4,708

-328

12,106

807,139

800
7,764
-7,081
117

-3,708
-3,423
-3,076
-209
5,792
-347
1,437
1,449
-441
2,803
-913
-12
-502

12,880
13,939
-1,176
117
1,932
-1,163
-1,832
-1,465
-20
-1,342
-103
-367
289

577,588
152,457
419,032
6,099
54,835
17,567
124,348
76,980
2,932
25,301
48,747
47,368
32,801

-6,830
-320

11,003
832

122
1,906
-224
-12,866
-17,274
1,025
-3,160
-10,139
4,408
-2,494

-51,466

59,897

75,875

2,580

-22,965

29,531

40,678

1,835,713

46,155

-2,557

25,759

-1,438

24,391

-3,781

-5,407

9,713

772,184

4,411
41,744

-6,702
4,145

-3,335
29,094

-2,449
1,011

16,897
7,494

1,582
-10,363

-10,064
4,657

-4,260
13,973

36,573
735,611

40,731
2,642
24,428

-48,909
-56,217
-40,467

34,138
28,921
41,530

77,313
52,606
50,556

-21,811
-22,668
-27,191

-14,184
-4,422
-8,705

34,938
43,924
45,719

30,965
17,500
8,672

1,063,529
960,674
850,352

2,015

1,562

5,993

-1,054
-7,133

-1,594
-589
-3,255
390
-5,762
2,117

1,202
-3,212
-1,303

Other foreign official assets (table 1, line 62)
By area: (see text table D).
Other foreign assets in the United States, net (table 1, lines 65 and 69)
>e:
!. Treasury securities (line 65)
By security:
Bills and certificates
Marketable bonds and notes
U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks (line 69)
Banks' own liabilities »
Payable in dollars

By account:
Liabilities to own foreign offices
Liabilities to unaffiliated foreigners:
demand deposits
time deposits 1
other liabilities2

77,767

-44,965

37,747

66,488

18,497

-30,085

41,640

-9,729

564,714

-2,476
-34,508
-16,355

1,507
-13,989
16,980

3,127

7,693
-7,037

-3,724
-4,416
-7,792

-3,386
-23,796
-18,506

967
5,692
14,721

5,850
1,716
^3,487

8,294
1,100
9,007

41,664
131,134
112,840

By holder:
Liabilities to:
own foreign offices
unaffiliated foreign banks
other private foreigners
international financial institutions4

77,767
-43,006
-9,697
-636

-44,965
-10,815
11,875
3,438

37,747
9,130
-3,864
-1,483

-10,601
-6,018
687

18,497
-30,720
-3,278

-30,085
2,840
14,769
3,771

41,640
4,816
-2,118
1,381

-3,729
6,812
9,865
1,724

564,714
127,620
140,296
17,722

17,484
9,348

-6,882
-1,646
-3,935

5,826
5,495
5,420

12,727
-3,338
1,382

5,813
-146
6,481

-2,670
-6,121
3,342

24,367
1,036
2,455

7,311
2,560
15,895

242,786
25,167
75,579

60,283
-44,213
-4,825

-38,083
-12,913
5,740

31,921
5,436
-5,194

53,761
-3,999
^19

12,684
-57,737
-7,952

-57,415
6,912
8,478

17,273
-372
3,454

-17,040
-3,113

321,928
83,704
50,234

842
-14,856

3,744
13,508

-1,801
-8,573

1,736
-6,294

-2,837
-13,497

2,049
6,720

4,652
-6,646

-5,386
-1,193

18,749
32,205

-21,786

-15,750

-12,609

2,050

4,523

4,283

-1,795

36,521

7,308
5,761

5,217
5,349

24,707
25,068

857
343

-9,762
-10,559

13,465
6,617

102,855
82,281

53,853
13,769
1,598
38,486
-1,005
34,039
-647
14,237
18,382
•-897
2,316

-40,378
-14,400
-3,438
-52,540

9,997
14,859

66,679
42,587

17,555
-29,277
723
46,109

-26,705
-3,751

16,102
12,494

-3,117
11,857
431

-180
3,439

5,935
911
-138
2,708

17,152
7,424
654
2,345
4,916
107
56

1,102,411
790,729
46,377
265,305
433,595
299,707
35,025
108,497
152,300
4,610
34,300

By type of reporting institution:5
U.S.-owned banks' liabilities to:
own foreign offices
unaffiliated foreign banks
other private foreigners and international financial institutions4
Foreign-owned banks' liabilities to:
own foreign offices
unaffiliated foreign banks
other private foreigners and international financial institutions4
U.S. brokers' and dealers' liabilities to:
unaffiliated foreign banks
other private foreigners and international financial institutions4
Payable in foreign currencies

.'

Banks' custody liabilities, payable in dollars 1 3
Of which negotiable and readily transferable instruments
Industrial countries 6
Western Europe..
Canada
Other
Caribbean banking centers 7
Other areas
Of which Members of OPEC, included below 8
Latin America
<
Asia
Africa

Other9

Memoranda:
International banking facilities' (IBF's) own liabilities, payable in dollars (in lines A9, and B7 above)
By holder:
Liabilities to:
own foreign offices
unaffiliated foreign banks
foreign official agencies
other private foreigners and international financial institutions4
By bank ownership:5
U.S.-owned IBF's
Foreign-owned IBF's
Negotiable certificates of deposit held for foreigners1 (in lines A13 and B25 above)
See footnotes on page 111.




365

932

409
-20,363

-10,473

-13,825
-7,048
3,558
-10,335
33,940
9,416

6,638

110,322

3,668
-30

19,554
3,200
8,065
4,961

3,381
-3,243
53,600
-3,700
-4,565
1,114
625

166
6,362

-399
-4,540

8,077
3
2,153

-16,858
1,884
-1,279
-1,010
4,719
-167
-1,659

-35,382

-33,779

-11,056

32,653

-23,200

-53,734

8,506

5,266

361,965

22,199
-40,064
-17,819
302

-19,621
-16,408
-1,544
3,794

-12,611
8,615
-6,637
-423

52,181
-11,840
-7,134
-534

2,270
-20,431
-2,504
-2,535

-51,780
674
-5,401
2,773

7,616
-2,419
1,398
1,911

-147
10,103
-3,181
-1,509

217,063
81,858
31,702
31,342

-6,236
-29,146

-4,667
-29,112

2,710
-13,766

2,318
30,335

-3,597
-16,603

-1,720
-52,014

2,882
5,624

6,041
-775

69,924
292,041

10,943

6,348

-1,131

6,155

-429

-3,991

-466

1,798

24,367

-30,642

23,160
-7,105
16,301
1,997

6,068

4,598
4,000

576

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

111

FOOTNOTES TO U.S. INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS TABLES 1-10
General notes for all tables: P Preliminary.
H Less than $500,000 ( ± )

D

r

Revised.

Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

Table 1:
1. Credits, +: Exports of goods and services and income receipts; unilateral current transfers to the United States;
capital account transactions receipts; financial inflows—increase in foreign-owned assets (U.S. liabilities) or decrease in
U.S.-owned assets (U.S. claims).
Debits, - : Imports of goods and services and income payments; unilateral current transfers to foreigners; capital
accounts transactions payments; financial outflows—decrease in foreign-owned assets (U.S. liabilities) or increase in
U.S.-owned assets (U.S. claims).
2. Excludes exports of goods under U.S. military agency sales contracts identified in Census export documents,
excludes imports of goods under direct defense expenditures identified in Census import documents, and reflects various
other adjustments (for valuation, coverage, and timing) of Census statistics to balance of payments basis; see table 2.
3. Includes some goods: Mainly military equipment in line 5; major equipment, other materials, supplies, and petroleum
products purchased abroad by U.S. military agencies in line 22; and fuels purchased by airline and steamship operators in
lines 8 and 25.
4. Includes transfers of goods and services under U.S. military grant programs.
5. Beginning in 1982, these lines are presented on a gross basis. The definition of exports is revised to exclude U.S.
parents' payments to foreign affiliates and to include U.S. affiliates' receipts from foreign parents. The definition of imports
is revised to include U.S. parents' payments to foreign affiliates and to exclude U.S. affiliates' receipts from foreign parents.
6. Beginning in 1982, the "other transfers" component includes taxes paid by U.S. private residents to foreign
governments and taxes paid by private nonresidents to the U.S. Government.
7. At the present time, all U S . Treasury-owned gold is held in the United States.
8. Includes sales of foreign obligations to foreigners.
9. Consists of bills, certificates, marketable bonds and notes, and nonmarketable convertible and nonconvertible bonds
and notes.
10. Consists of U.S. Treasury and Export-Import Bank obligations, not included elsewhere, and of debt securities of
U.S. Government corporations and agencies.
11. Includes, primarily, U.S. Government liabilities associated with military agency sales contracts and other
transactions arranged with or through foreign official agencies; see table 4.
12. Consists of investments in U.S. corporate stocks and in debt securities of private corporations and State and local
governments.
13. Conceptually, line 76 is equal to "net foreign investment" in the national income and product accounts (NIPA's).
However, the foreign transactions account in the NIPA's (a) includes adjustments to the international transactions accounts
for the treatment of gold, (b) includes adjustments for the different geographical treatment of transactions with U.S. territories
and Puerto Rico, and (c) includes services furnished without payment by financial pension plans except life insurance
carriers and private noninsured pension plans. A reconciliation of the balance on goods and services from the international
accounts and the NIPA net exports appears in the "Reconciliation and Other Special Tables" section in this issue of the
SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS. A reconciliation of the other foreign transactions in the two sets of accounts appears in table
4.5 of the full set of NIPA tables (published annually in the August issue of the SURVEY).
Additional footnotes for historical data in July issues of the SURVEY:
14. For 1974, includes extraordinary U S . Government transactions with India. See "Special U.S. Government
Transactions," June 1974 SURVEY, p. 27.
15. For 1978-83, includes foreign currency-denominated notes sold to private residents abroad.
16. Break in series. See Technical Notes in the June 1989, June 1990, June 1992, June 1993, June 1995, and July
1996-99 issues of the SURVEY.
Table 2:
1. Exports, Census basis, represent transactions values, f.a.s. U.S. port of exportation, for all years; imports, Census
basis, represent Customs values (see Technical Notes in the June 1982 SURVEY), except for 1974-81, when they represent
transactions values, f.a.s. foreign port of exportation (see June issues of the SURVEY for historical data).
From 1983 forward, both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data have been prepared by BEA from "actual" and
"revised statistical" month data supplied by the Census Bureau (see Technical Notes in the December 1985 SURVEY).
Seasonally adjusted data reflect the application of seasonal factors developed jointly by Census and BEA. The seasonally adjusted data are the sum of seasonally adjusted five-digit end-use categories (see Technical Notes in the June
1980 SURVEY, in the June 1988 SURVEY, and in the June 1991 SURVEY). Prior to 1983, annual data are as published by
the Census Bureau, except that for 1975-80 published Census data are adjusted to include trade between the U.S. Virgin
Islands and foreign countries.
2. Adjustments in lines A5 and A13, B12, B48, and B84 reflect the Census Bureau's reconciliation of discrepancies
between the goods statistics published by the United States and the counterpart statistics published in Canada. These
adjustments are distributed to the affected end-use categories in section C. Beginning in 1986, estimates for undocumented
exports to Canada, the largest item in the U.S.-Canadian reconciliation, are included in Census basis data shown in line
3. Exports of military equipment under U.S. military agency sales contracts with foreign governments (line A6), and
direct imports by the Department of Defense and the Coast Guard (line A14), to the extent such trade is identifiable from
Customs declarations. The exports are included in tables 1 and 10, line 5 (transfers under U.S. military agency sales
contracts); the imports are included in tables 1 and 10, line 22 (direct defense expenditures).
4. Addition of electrical energy; deduction of exposed motion picture film for rental rather than sale; net change in stock
of U.S.-owned grains in storage in Canada; coverage adjustments for special situations in which shipments were omitted
from Census data; deduction of the value of repairs and alterations to foreign-owned equipment shipped to the United
States for repair; and the inclusion of fish exported outside of U.S. customs area. Also includes deduction of exports to the
Panama Canal Zone before October 1,1979, and for 1975-82, net timing adjustments for goods recorded in Census data
in one period but found to have been shipped in another (see June issues of the SURVEY for historical data).
5. Coverage adjustments for special situations in which shipments were omitted from Census data; the deduction of
the value of repairs and alterations to U.S.-owned equipment shipped abroad for repair; and the adjustment of software
imports to market value. Also includes addition of understatement of inland freight in f.a.s values of U.S. imports of goods
from Canada in 1974-81; deduction of imports from the Panama Canal Zone before October 1,1979; and for 1975-82,
net timing adjustments for goods recorded in Census data in one period but found to have been shipped in another (see
June issues of the SURVEY for historical data).
6. For 1988-89, correction for the understatement of crude petroleum imports from Canada.
7. Annual and unadjusted quarterly data shown in this table correspond to country and area data in table 10, lines 3
and 20. Trade with international organizations includes purchases of nonmonetary gold from the International Monetary
Fund, transfers of tin to the International Tin Council (ITC), and sales of satellites to Intelsat. The memoranda are defined
as follows: Industrial countries:. Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa; Members
of OPEC. Venezuela, Ecuador, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Indonesia, Algeria, Libya,
Nigeria, and Gabon (Excludes Ecuador beginning in January 1993 and Gabon beginning in January 1995.); Other countries:
Eastern Europe, Latin America and Other Western Hemisphere, and other countries in Asia and Africa, less OPEC. Before
1984, complete geographic area detail was not available for some balance of payments adjustments. Therefore, the detail
shown does not always sum to the values shown for the area aggregates. For all years, "Asia" and "Africa" exclude certain
Pacific Islands and unidentified countries included in "Other countries in Asia and Africa."
8. Includes the former German Democratic Republic (East Germany) beginning in fourth quarter of 1990. In earlier
periods, the German Democratic Republic was included in Eastern Europe.
9. Beginning in 1986, New Zealand and South Africa are included in "Other countries in Asia and Africa," with New
Zealand included as part of "Asia" and South Africa as part of "Africa."
10. The "Euro area," which formed in January 1999, includes Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland,
Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain.
Table 3:
1. Patented techniques, processes, andformulasand other intangible property rights that are used in goods production.
2. Copyrights, trademarks, franchises, rights to broadcast live events, and other intangible property rights.
3. Other unaffiliated services receipts (exports) include mainly expenditures of foreign governments and international
organizations in the United States. Payments (imports) include mainly expenditures of U.S. residents temporarily working
abroad and film rentals.




Table 4:
1. Expenditures to release foreign governments from their contractual liabilities to pay for military goods and services
purchased through military sales contracts-first authorized (for Israel) under Public Law 93-199, section 4, and subsequently authorized (for many recipients) under similar legislation—are included in line A4. Deliveries against these military
sales contracts are included in line C10; see footnote 2. Of the line A4 items, part of these military expenditures is applied
in lines A43 and A46 to reduce short-term assets previously recorded in lines A41 and C8; this application of funds is
excluded from lines C3 and C4. A second part of line A4 expenditures finances future deliveries under military sales
contracts for the recipient countries and is applied directly to lines A42 and C9. A third part of line A4, disbursed directly to
finance purchases by recipient countries from commercial suppliers in the United States, is included in line A37. A fourth
part of line A4, representing dollars paid to the recipient countries to finance purchases from countries other than the United
States, is included in line A48.
2. Transactions under military sales contracts are those in which the Department of Defense sells and transfers
military goods and services to a foreign purchaser, on a cash or credit basis. Purchases by foreigners directly from
commercial suppliers are not included as transactions under military sales contracts. The entries for the several categories
of transactions related to military sales contracts in this and other tables are partly estimated from incomplete data.
3. The identification of transactions involving direct dollar outflows from the United States is made in reports by each
operating agency.
4. Line A38 includes foreign currency collected as interest and line A43 includes foreign currency collected as principal,
as recorded in lines A16 and A17, respectively.
5. Includes (a) advance payments to the Department of Defense (on military sales contracts) financed by loans
extended to foreigners by U.S. Government agencies and (b) the contraentry for the part of line C10 that was delivered
without prepayment by the foreign purchaser. Also includes expenditures of appropriations available to release foreign
purchasers from liability to make repayment.
6. Includes purchases of loans from U.S. banks and exporters and payments by the U.S. Government under commercial
export credit and investment guarantee programs.
7. Excludes liabilities associated with military sales contracts financed by U.S. Government grants and credits and
included in line C2.
Table 5:
1. Beginning with 1991, payments and receipts of interest related to interest rate and foreign currency swaps between
affiliates and parents are netted and are shown as either net payments or net receipts. Receipts and payments of other
types of interest are shown on a gross basis.
2. Petroleum includes, and manufacturing and "other" industries exclude, the exploration, development, and production
of crude oil and gas, and the transportation, refining, and marketing of petroleum products, exclusive of petrochemicals.
"Other" industries includes wholesale trade; banking; finance (except banking), insurance, and real estate; services; and
other industries—agriculture, forestry, and fishing; mining; construction; transportation, communication, and public utilities;
and retail trade.
3. Acquisition of equity holdings in existing and newly established companies, capital contributions, capitalization of
intercompany debt, and other equity contributions.
4. Sales (total and partial), liquidations, returns of capital contributions, and other dispositions of equity holdings.
Table 6:
1. Primarily provincial, regional, and municipal.
ment Association (IDA), International Finance Corporation (IFC), Asian Development Bank (ADB), and Inter-American
Development Bank (IDB).
3. Estimate for scheduled redemptions and identifiable early retirements. Includes estimates based on Canadian
statistics for redemptions of Canadian issues held in the United States. Unidentified and nonscheduled retirements appear
in line A30.
Table 7:
1. Estimates of transactions other than those with U.S. banks' Caribbean branches and with financial intermediaries
(F.l.s) are not available. Preliminary estimates of transactions with F.l.s, by area, are commingled in "other" to avoid
disclosure of individual companies' area data.
2. Deposits (line A5) include other financial claims (line A7) for some countries due to the commingling of these
categories in foreign source data.
3. Primarily mortgages, loans, and bills and notes drawn on foreigners.
4. Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
5. Bahamas, British West Indies (Cayman Islands), Netherlands Antilles, and Panama.
6. Ecuador, Venezuela, Indonesia, and other Asian and African oil-exporting countries. Excludes Ecuador beginning
in January 1993.
Table 8:
1. Includes central governments and their agencies and corporations; state, provincial, and local governments and
their agencies and corporations; and international and regional organizations.
2. U.S.-owned banks are mainly U.S.-chartered banks, Edge Act subsidiaries, and U.S. bank holding companies.
Foreign-owned banks include U.S. branches and agencies of foreign banks and majority-owned bank subsidiaries in the
United States. U.S. brokers and dealers are identified separately beginning with the first quarter of 1997; prior to 1997,
they are commingled with U.S.-owned banks' accounts.
3. Commercial paper issued in the U.S. market by foreign incorporated entities; excludes commercial paper issued
through foreign direct investment affiliates in the United States.
4. Negotiable and readily transferable instruments other than commercial paper, payable in dollars; consists largely of
negotiable certificates of deposit.
5. Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
6. Bahamas, British West Indies (Cayman Islands), Netherlands Antilles, and Panama.
7. Ecuador, Venezuela, Indonesia, and other Asian and African oil-exporting countries. Excludes Ecuador beginning
in January 1993.
8. Includes Eastern Europe and international and regional organizations.
Table 9:
1. Negotiable certificates of deposit issued by banks in the United States are included in banks' custody liabilities and
are separately identified in memorandum line 8. Nonnegotiable certificates of deposit are included in time deposits.
2. Includes borrowing under Federal funds or repurchase arrangements, deferred credits, and liabilities other than
deposits.
3. Mainly negotiable and readily transferable instruments, excluding U S . Treasury securities.
4. Mainly International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Development Association
(IDA), International Finance Corporation (IFC), Asian Development Bank (ADB), Inter-American Development Bank (IDB),
and the Trust Fund of the International Monetary Fund.
5. U.S.-owned banks are mainly U.S.-chartered banks, Edge Act subsidiaries, and U.S. bank holding companies.
Foreign-owned banks include U.S. branches and agencies of foreign banks and majority-owned bank subsidiaries in the
United States. U.S. brokers and dealers are identified separately beginning with the first quarter of 1997; prior to 1997,
they are commingled with U.S.-owned banks' accounts.
6. Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
7. Bahamas, British West Indies (Cayman Islands), Netherlands Antilles, and Panama.
8. Ecuador, Venezuela, Indonesia, and other Asian and African oil-exporting countries. Excludes Ecuador beginning
in January 1993.
9. Includes Eastern Europe and international and regional organizations.
Table 10: For footnotes 1-13, see table 1.
14. The "European Union" includes the "European Union (6)," United Kingdom, Denmark, Ireland, Greece, Spain, and
Portugal. Beginning with the first quarter of 1995, the "European Union" also includes Austria, Finland, and Sweden.
15. The "European Union (6)" includes Belgium, France, Germany (includes the former German Democratic Republic
(East Germany) beginning in the fourth quarter of 1990), Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, European Atomic Energy
Community, European Coal and Steel Community, and European Investment Bank.
16. Includes, as part of international and unallocated, the estimated direct investment in foreign affiliates engaged in
international shipping, in operating oil and gas drilling equipment internationally, and in petroleum trading. Also includes
taxes withheld; current-cost adjustments associated with U.S. andforeigndirect investment; before 1996, small transactions
in business services that are not reported by country; and net U.S. currency flows, for which geographic source data are
not available.
17. Details are not shown separately; see totals in lines 56 and 63.
18. Details not shown separately are included in line 69.

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

112 • January 2000

Table 10.—U.S. International
[Millions
European Union 1 4

Western Europe
(Credits+; d e b i t s - ) 1

Line

1998

1998

HI*
Current account
92,169

89,819

94,935

94,152

92,875

94,140

333,872

83,574

80,915

255,532

63,496

62,578

66,358

64,445

64,038

63,831

232,443

57,966

56,853

159,107

39,587

37,191

41,287

40,173

37,697

145,926

36,444

34,161

96,425
4,596

23,909
1,278

25,387
1,159

25,269
1,313

23,158
1,169

23,865
1,025

26,134
1,262

86,517
3,077

21,522
921

22,692
691

22,819
6,784
7,631

5,744
1,716
1,864

6,702
1,958
1,945

5,653
1,651
1,966

4,788
1,481
1,784

5,784
1,748
1,785

7,055
2,081
1,914

20,927
6,566
6,494

5,269
1,662
1,584

6,139
1,890
1,651

18,842

4,402
8,875
30

4,547
9,041
35

5,552
9,095
39

4,615

4,477
9,001
45

4,445
9,341

36

17,813
31,521
119

4,169
7,892
25

4,300
7,992
29

28,673

27,241
27,204
10,997

28,577
28,542
13,104
15,209

28,837
28,800
12,914

101,429
101,297
43,268
57,185
844

25,608

24,062
24,028
9,318
14,471

Exports of goods and services and income receipts
Exports of goods and services
Goods, balance of payments basis 2
Services3
Transfers under U.S. military agency sales contracts 4
Travel .
Other transportation
Royalties and license fees 5
Other private services 5
U.S. Government miscellaneous services
Income receipts
Income receipts on U.S.-owned assets abroad
Direct investment receipts
Other private receipts
U.S. Government receipts
Compensation of employees

35,613
140
113,066
112,922

9,282
39
29,707
29,670

126

30,309
30,272
13,212
16,838
222

37

37

37

132

33

239
34

-102,986

-101,041

-110,488

-115,271

-363,243

-51,576

-94,238

-70,370

-66,068
-48,566

-74,157

-242,250

-61,521

-52,424

-77,538
-54,252

-21,733
-2,070

-23,286
-2,280

-43,973
-17,548
-1,340

-62,773
-44,029

-17,502
-1,935

-176,081
-66,169
-5,824

-3,431
-2,042
-2,919

-3,593
-2,064
-2,554

-6,192
-3,154
-2,714

-7,013
-3,341
-3,104

-16,893
-8,988
-8,009

-5,193
-5,642
-2,197

-5,637
-2,811
-2,353

-1,727
-5,207
-290

-1,982
-5,580
-286

-2,087
-5,002
-267

-1,942
-5,373
-288

-1,747
-5,505
-296

-6,071
-18,445
-939

-1,321
-4,624
-231

-1,496

-33,297
-33,228

-32,616
-32,531
-6,837
-15,928

-34,973
-34,886
-9,059
-15,750
-10,077
-87

-36,331
-36,255
-10,028
-16,246
-8,981
-76

-37,733
-37,661
-8,752
-17,719
-10,190
-72

-120,993
-120,746
-25,929
-58,399
-36,418
-247

-30,055
-29,996
-6,297
-14,580
-9,119
-59

-31,465
-31,407
-7,017
-15,242
-9,148
-58

-30
-172
-328
470

66
-100
-329
495

-22
-167
-340
485

692
-13
-1,205
1,910

184
-8
-311
503

169
-5
-314
488

37

37

38

132

33

33

-22,065 -143,513
348
5,502

-42,804

-176,082

49,675
62,277
970

28,637
12,937
15,522
178

144

36

15,924
283
37

-399,610

-100,681

-103,147

-269,040

-68,048

-69,850

-194,016

-75,024
-6,780

-48,154
-19,894
-1,569

-48,533
-21,317
-1,729

-52,311
-18,059
-1,819

Travel
Passenger fares
Other transportation

-18,817
-9,969
-11,146

-5,775
-2,943
-2,742

-3,345
3111
-2,908

Royalties and license fees 5
Other private services 5
U.S. Government miscellaneous services .

-6,990
-20,228
-1,094

-1,568
-5,031

-130,570
-130,266
-57,626
-63,367
-39,273
-304

-32,633
-32,561
-6,892
-15,777

-324
-493
-1,398
1,567

-90
-166
-347
423

-91
-143
-346

148

37

37

-205,362

-75,948

-30,805

-63,421

-2,735

-148

-50

-2,386

-2,735

-148

-2,386

652
-278
912
18

-16
-59
126
-63

205
-50
236
19

U.S. private assets, net
Direct investment
Foreign securities
U.S. claims on unaffiliated foreigners reported by U.S. nonbanking concerns ...
U.S. claims reported by U.S. banks, not included elsewhere

-203,279
-73,167
-75,318
-13,149
-41,645

-75,784
-27,592
-11,296
-11,559
-25,337

-51,240
-12,914

-27,773
-21,262
21,689
-23,909
-4,291

Foreign-owned assets in the United States, net (increase/financial inflow (+))...

377,622

92,316

78,971

5,957

7,820
(17

-4,419

Imports of goods and services and income payments .
Imports of goods and services
Goods, balance of payments basis

229
35

2

Services3
Direct defense expenditures

Income payments
Income payments on foreign-owned assets in the United States .
Direct investment payments
Other private payments
U.S. Government payments
Compensation of employees
Unilateral current transfers, net
U.S. Government grants 4
U.S. Government pensions and other transfers .
Private remittances and other transfers6

-266

-72

-6,786
-16,559
-9,883
-69

-85
-95
-114

-367
386

13,952
15,427
291

15,760

25,575
11,229
14,188
158

-18,744
-1,463

-4,736
-248

Capital and financial account
uapnai account

39 Capital account transactions, net
Financial account
U.S.-owned assets abroad, net (increase/financial outflow (-))
U.S. official reserve assets, net
Gold 7
Special drawing rights
Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund
Foreign currencies
U.S. Government assets, other than official reserve assets, net
U.S. credits and other long-term assets
Repayments on U.S. credits and other long-term assets 8
U.S. foreign currency holdings and U.S. short-term assets, net

Foreign official assets in the United States, net
U.S. Government securities
U.S. Treasury securities9
Other 10
Other U.S. Government liabilities 11
U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks, not included elsewhere
Other foreign official assets 12

67

Other foreign assets in the United States, net
Direct investment
U.S. Treasury securities
U.S. securities other than U.S. Treasury securities
U.S. currency
U.S. liabilities to unaffiliated foreigners reported by U.S. nonbanking concerns .
U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks, not included elsewhere
Statistical discrepancy (sum of above items with sign reversed)
Memoranda:
Balance on goods (lines 3 and 20}
Balance on services (lines 4 and 21)
Balance on goods and services (lines 2 and 19)
Balance on income (lines 12 and 29)
Unilateral current transfers, net (line 35)
Balance on current account (lines 1,18, and 35 or lines 73, 74, and 75) 1 3

See footnotes on page 111.




-68,487
18,408
11,753

-70,118

-9,845

-103

-135

-3

5,502

-103

-135

206
-62
294
-26

97

-31
-38
30
-23

182
-31
203

i"643

-69,952
-26,657
-12,857
-10,651
-19,787

-10,024
-7,729
5,704
-14,013
6,014

105,732

100,727

106,033

-1,057

(!!!)

n

-196
288
5
-42,798
-32,331
-12,110

R
43

17
17

-$25

C7)

(17)
17

371,665
167,892

105,631
15,943
(17)

116,144

n

106,789
31,623

83,390
21,839

40,315

188,290

15,025
(.8)

49,5

1,274

3,891

19,506

( 17 )

(17)

(17)

36,255

n

19,920
6,900

18,265

18

18

15,837
18,068

-141,072

-26,212

-52,059

-30,787

-50,024

-30,586

-41,813

-158,510

-22,824

-34,909

-6,567

21,401
-13,508
-17,504
-324
-31,336

4,015
-4,552

-11,342
4,070
-7,272

-7,529
3,974
-3,555
-4,447

-90

-91
-13,419

-16,555
2,848
-13,707
-7,424
-22
-21,153

-30,155
20,348
-9,807

-6,056

-7,279
5,656
-1,623
-5,266
-30
-6,919

-12,251
2,132
-10,119

-3,960

-11,222
7,210
-4,012
-4,039
-95
-8,146

-8,602

10

-7,494
66
-17,547

-19,564
692
-28,679

184
-7,818

18

17,734
36,882

-63,067

3,948

-5,920
-7,403
169
-13,154

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

113

Transactions, by Area
of dollars]

European Union 14
1998

1999

1998

1998

1998

\\r

I

IV

European Union (6) 1 5

United Kingdom

1999

II

III

I

IV

V

II

III"

Line

1999

1998

III"

III

r

1

IV

III"

85,41*

85,586

83,763

84,729

104,511

26,628

25,258

26,094

26,593

26,166

26,796

176,193

43,766

42,812

45,575

44,932

43,857

44,674

1

59,656

58,946

58,246

57,769

65,494

16,711

16,331

16,208

16,267

16,106

16,181

128,606

31,728

31,327

33,500

32,458

32,026

31,931

2

36,961

38,499

36,847

34,446

37,899

9,771

9,302

8,741

9,809

9,302

8,967

85,902

21,160

19,831

22,443

22,381

21,596

20,106

22,695

20,447

21,399

23,323

27,595

6,940

7,029

7,467

6,458

6,804

7,214

42,704
1,075

10,568

11,496

11,057

10,077

10,430

11,825

353

224

403

169

150

323

9,801
3,423
3,153

2,407

3,076
1,033

2,317

2,030

2,424

734
724

869
744

3,238
1,098

805

814
791

10,275
14,918

2,450
3,716

2,555
3,789

2,931
3,782

2,578
3,830

2,436
3,791

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

916

589

592

791

392

110

98

102

118

97

87

5,180
1,609
1,658

4,402
1,426
1,540

5,306
1,693
1,551

6,462
2,009
1,662

7,582
2,216
1,654

1,961

2,079

1,964

1,601

1,975

2,188

4,220
7,997

4,191
8,177

3,707
12,010

493
385
874

566
391
837

625
417

4,366
8,091

588
422
830

587
427

5,267
8,031

555
405
824

3,008

1,275
3,104

880

853
779

824
2,393
3,934

2,980

2,929

34

33

40

31

34

8

10

8

7

9

9

59

10

14

19

12

16

15

25,758
25,726
11,607
13,908

26,640
26,606
12,232
14,130

25,517
25,483
11,042
14,331

26,960
26,926
11,531
15,217

39,017
38,953
11,582
27,348

9,917
9,901
2,952
6,949

8,927
8,910
1,998
6,912

9,886
9,871
3,402
6,446

10,326
10,309
3,795
6,514

10,060
10,042
3,314
6,728

10,615
10,597
3,276
7,321

47,587
47,527
25,802
21,113

12,038
12,023
6,834
5,047

11,485
11,470
5,944
5,371

12,075
12,060
6,458
5,432

12,474
12,459
6,679
5,616

11,831
11,817
6,115
5,609

12,743
12,729
6,743
5,884

3,077

3,002

211
32

244
34

110
34

178
34

23
64

16

17

23
15

17

18

18

612
60

142
15

155
15

170
15

164
15

93
14

102
14

-93,187

-91,871

-100,244

-104,133

-127,719

-32,252

-32,941

-32,036

-31,919

-34,799

-36,526

-183,706

-46,134

-47,102

-47,866

-47,166

-61,464

-52,930

-63,252

-60,195

-67,146

-69,384

-67,904

-14,803

-15,007

-14,786

-14,364

-16,250

-16,765

-143,691

-36,410

-36,535

-38,117

-35,847

-39,500

-40,379

18
19

-44,717

-47,919

-48,921

-34,416

-6,703

-8,579

-9,024

-8,823

-9,612

^9,918

-110,988

-27,641

-27,377

-30,237

-28,096

-29,920

-30,237

20

-15,478
-1,704

-19,227
-1,775

-20,463
-1,880

-53,488
-618

-6,100
-120

-6,428
-210

-6,762
-157

-5,541
-166

-6,638
-182

-6,847
-180

-32,703
-4,826

-8,769
-1,126

-9,158
-1,157

-7,880
-1,370

-7,751
-1,440

-9,580
-1,490

-10,142
-1,600

-3,078
-1,838
-2,325

-3,284
-1,869
-2,103

-5,568
-2,831
-2,248

-6,230
-3,017
-5,592

-6,132
-3,767
-2,404

-1,493
-1,120
-568

-1,535
-1,158
-632

-1,098
-749
-632

-1,108
-818
-655

-1,601
-1,202
-581

-1,697
-1,246
-714

-8,411
-3,740
-4,518

-2,668
-1,108
-1,111

-2,794
-1,159
-1,164

-1,478
-783
-1,153

-1,619
-762
-1,020

-2,861
-1,190
-1,102

-3,089
-1,247
-1,235

-1,757
-4,992
-249

-1,788
-4,504
-226

-1,626
-4,931
-248

-1,452
-6,037
-255

-2,062
-9,413

-413
-5,361

-494
-2,377

-660
-5,443

-601
-5,271

-All
-2,571

-337
-5,649

-92

-25

-22

-23

-22

-24

-24

-3,362
-7,138
-708

-761
-1,826
-169

-627
-1,867
-190

-905
-2,000
-191

-963
-1,770
-177

-897
-1,877
-163

-899
-1,886
-186

-59,935
-29,867
-6,093
-14,662
-9,112

-31,676
-31,606
-7,950
-14,368
-9,288

-33,098
-33,035
-9,056
-14,749
-9,230

-34,749
-34,689
-9,232
-16,051
-9,406

-69,815
-69,737
-7,815
-41,195
-20,727

-17,449
-17,430
-2,001
-10,275
-5,154

-17,934
-17,915
-2,023
-10,728
-6,164

-17,250
-17,229
-1,703
-10,351
-5,175

-17,555
-17,534
-5,312
-10,041
-6,181

-18,549
-18,529
-2,560
-10,783
-5,186

-19,761
-19,741
-2,718
-11,693
-5,330

-9,724
-9,689
-3,360
-3,601
-2,728

-10,567
-10,533
-4,016
-3,759
-5,758

-9,749
-9,709
-3,423
-3,519
-2,767

-11,319
-11,277
-4,644
-3,658
-5,975

-11,964
-11,926
-5,550
-3,352
-3,024

-12,551
-12,516
-5,738
-3,688
-3,090

-68
176

-70
296

-63
345

-60
311

-78
1,399

-19
370

-19
335

-51
350

-51
387

-50
417

-20
432

-40,015
-39,869
-14,719
-14,298
-10,852
-146

169

-35
27

-34
60

-40
56

-42
141

-38
151

-35
110

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34

-586

-293

-297

-299

-51
438

-50
467

-48
480

-158

-161

-162

-171

610

-48
398

-187

642

-46
381

-181

589

-50
420

-690

462

-194
1,593

859

208

247

214

302

313

281

37
38

34

34

34

35

44

11

11

12

12

12

12

63

16

16

15

16

16

17

39

-55,148

-17,814

-119,750

-34,648

-104,627

-48,305

-6,567

-43,262

6,178

-104,891

-26,888

-53,635

-11,377

-6,788

-17,257

-16,051

-18,111

-6,444

156

-1,972

-159

-67

4,598

-135

-3

5,156

5,156

-1,972

-159

-67

4,598

-135

-3

5,156

150
-28
165
13

139
-37
196
-20

9
-29
35
3

-6

10

-59

10

16

-60,454
-11,233
-66,779
17,540

18

-15,981
-17,296
20,853
-22,230
2,692

81,332

79,175

3
18)

-A

132

-4

-2

1

6

0

2

-4

-4

-2

-4

10

-29

10

16

-16

6

1

-119,600
-6,218
-51,891
-6,161
-53,330

-34,575
-30,982
-14,525

-48,307
-17,040
-6,794
-1,622
-53,851

-6,563
-3,634
-1,533
-13,067
11,671

-43,394
-6,831
-43,315
16,384
-9,632

6,182
-5,679
17,912
-14,819
5,768

-104,889
-9,303
-46,591
-8,520
-40,475

-26,884
-21,157
-13,678

l"%i

-58,243
-25,197
-20,184
-6,448
-6,414

-11,213
-7,217
-1,759
- 7 859
5,622

-6,795
-4,108
3,276
-2696
-3,267

-22,429
-3,147
-22,149
-165
3,032

-16,035
-11,464
3,095
- 5 018
-2,648

-18,117
1,712
-6,034
1 107
-12,902

-6,445
-6,046
-5,520

10,932

-104,757
-34,427
-53,870
-1,975
-14,485

4"i21

46
47
43
49
50
51
52
53
54

167,196

102,937

211,516

62,223

60,358

28,407

45,073

113,605

70,224

135,617

32,224

35,403

55,719

39,728

61,523

24,526

55

P)
.£2

18)
18
18
18)

18\

jiij

18)

18)

•3

(

27

ft

ft

3
a

(18)

2

ft

18)

\
(18)
78

171

ft
(IS)

29,727

ft

69,g

ft

ft
18)

3
18)

8

16

65,672

1316

(18)

ft

(18)

a
79,370

61,362

118,819

»%}

21,539

35,093

30,309

29,020

16 341
18
-3,118

16491
18
-36,799

"78"J2"bi9

17,679
18
5,029

19387
18
6,146

12,676
18
34,541

-39,870
18
-32,392

21,863
18
-6,299

11,765
18
-6,456

-18,621

-65,406

-31,344

-49,231

-65,124

-6,675

-46,454

20,435

-46,324

-510

-10,425
6,829
-3,596
-4,177

-6,218
4,969
-1,249
-6,036

-11,072
2,172
-8,900
-7,581

-14,475
2,860
-11,615
-7,789

3,483
4,107
7,590
-30,798
1,399
-21,809

1,068

1,324
-9,007

986
917

1,908
-7,532

-283
1,705
1,422
-7,364

-310

840

723
601

45,850

176

296

345

311

-7,597

-5,989

-16,136

-19,093




-8,476

(18)

ft
(18)

15,155

7l8)

(18)

370

335

350

-5,254

-7,348

-6,592

1,903
-7,229

387

-4,939

(18)

(18)

ft

(18)

18)

(18)

141,856

43$

-16

130
2

-195

20,375
(.8)
45,628

-41958
l8
-31,104

-4

130

(.8)

111,043

2

40

190
-1

a

—

130

35
36

41
42
43
44
45

(18)

R

.*j3

51

19671
(18)

'(18)

ft
42,915

ft
16457
'(18)

ft

333

JsJisJj?

-47,386
-15,866
-1,627

18

(18)

Q

49
,8)

ft

18)

82,0

9,966
(18)

56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67

51,420

17,019

13,658

6,S

12,631

13,210

6,494

1214
18
3,880

-3984
18
10,121

5,406
'8-3,383

-1926
18
7,962

- 4 591
18
15,167

4 911
18
-19,282

-34,050

-74,701

-18,522

-24,401

-36,242

-21,600

-35,972

-9,953

70

-951

-25,086
10,001
-15,085
7,572

-6,481
1,799
- 4 682
2^314

-7,546
2,338
-5,208

-7,794
3,177
-4,617
2,326

-5,715
2,326
-3,389
1,155

-6,324

-10,131
1,683
-6,448

71
72
73
74
75
76

48,655
18

166

367

-144
-8,489

-684
-9,146

417

432

169

27

918
60

-8,216

-9,298

-7,344

-5,341

-4,230

850
-7,474
-133

9,964
i8

4,695

56

141

151

192
110

-2,235

-2,093

-7,456

-8,146

68
69

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

114 • January 2000

Table 10.—U.S. International
[Millions
Canada

Eastern Europe
(Credits+; debits-) 1

Line

Current account
Exports of goods and services and income receipts
,
Goods, balance of payments basis2
Services3
Transfers under U.S. military agency sales contracts4 ...
Travel

Income receipts
Income receipts on U.S.-owned assets abroad .
Direct investment receipts
Other private receipts
U.S. Government receipts
Compensation of employees
imports of goods and services and income payments .
Imports of goods and services
Goods, balance of payments basis2
Services3
Direct defense expenditures
Travel .

2,770

2,299
890
50
317
43
73
71
316
20
550
548
-4
504
48
2
-4,105
-3,671
-5,858

1,655

1,412
975
107

2,156
1,213

2,273
1,304

943
67

969
81
319
44
105
66
344
10
497
495
13
472
10
2
-4,411

-2,786
-167

1,000
88
362
38
64

324
38
65
74
355
12

258
40
65

185
183
-304
456
31
2
-3,730
-3,323
-2,744
-579
-42
-214
-78
-45

497
495
-45
484
56
2
-3,294
-2,874
-2,402
-472
-50

73

316
314
-252
493
73
2
-4,267
-3,807
-2,874
-933
-51
-518
-149
-46
-1
-152
-16
-460
-446

-813
-33
^27
-131
-58

-1,296
-409
-220
-9
-600
-85

-1,007
-656
-10
-341

-2
-155
-43
-407
-388
-2
-92
-294
-19
-769
-392
-10
-367

-151
-67
-42
-1
-155
-16
^20
-401
-2
-97
-302
-19
-656
-424
-12
-420

-1,895
-40
-1,423

-13
-434
-419
-1
-133
-285
-15
-657
-601
-10
-346

20

5

5

5

-1,954

-2,023

1,573

-1,040

-1,518

70
-470
446
94
-2,024
-1,368
-2,247
166
1,425

34
-10
10
34
-2,057
-470
-1,517
-241
171

72
-267
273
1,501
-173
420
278
976

-2,550

-977

-2,090

-3,998
-3,096
-902
-47

51,029

44,979

176,523

46,060

1,107
94

156,810
19,713
106

40,835
5,225
17

40,575
35,892

381
41
112

6,206
1,477
2,329

1,862
375
595

70
397
12
674
672
159
466
47
2

1,646
7,864
85
19,409
19,330
8,104
11,226

408
1,948
20
4,969
4,950
2,154
2,796

406
2,031
25
4,404
4,385
1,553
2,832

79
-199,595
-191,147
-175,806

19
-50,929
-48,741
-44,796

19
-49,207
-46,737
-41,779

-15,341
-68
-5,719
-685
-2,911
-425
-6,426
-207

-3,945
-17
-1,502
-165
-751

-4,958
-16
-2,457
-200
-710

-91
-1,365
-54

-116
-1,403
-66

-8,448
-8,146
-3,010
-4,261
-875
-302

-2,188
-2,115
-677
-1,015
-223
-73

-2,470
-2,399
-1,106
-1,092
-201
-71

-613

-143

-163

-477
-136

-119
-24

-120

20

16

-29,227

-4,204

-9,449

3,239
2,565
1,458

-4,346
-3,934
-2,856

-458
-141
-71

-1,078
-80
-673
-161
-80

-3
-163
-19

-3
-160
-21

-413
-397
-4
-91
-302
-16
-671
-442
.-11
-418

-412
-397
-6
-92
-300
-15
-996
-581
-10
-405

6

-1,681
-1,616
-8
-502
-1,106

-156
-286
-14

622

-759

4,683
18
1,297
343
563

-119
-139
21
-1

1,336

O

-1

-640
-276
-7

-29,227
-10,260
-1,182
3,776
-21,561

-4,203
-1,934
-1,631
-1,580
942

13,827

-19
-164
160
-15
-1,499
-558
-120
72
-1,193

n

5,056

9,746

510

U.S. private assets, net
Direct investment
Foreign securities
U.S. claims on unaffiliated foreigners reported by U.S. nonbanking concerns ...
U.S. claims reported by U.S. banks, not included elsewhere
Foreign-owned assets in the United States, net (increase/financial inflow (+))...




2,653

2,387

-13,685

Royalties and license fees 5
Other private services5
U.S. Government miscellaneous services .
Income payments
Income payments on foreign-owned assets in the United States ....
Direct investment payments
Other private payments
U.S. Government payments
Compensation of employees
Unilateral current transfers, net
U.S. Government grants4
U.S. Government pensions and other transfers .
Private remittances and other transfers6
Capital and financial account
Capital account
39 Capital account transactions, net
Financial account
U.S.-owned assets abroad, net (increase/financial outflow (-))
U.S. official reserve assets, net
Gold7
Special drawing rights
Reserve position in the international Monetary Fund
Foreign currencies
U.S. Government assets, other than official reserve assets, net
U.S. credits and other long-term assets
Repayments on U.S. credits and other long-term assets8
U.S. foreign currency holdings and U.S. short-term assets, net

See footnotes on page 111.

2,572

2,655

279
1,439
46
1,753
1,745
-367
1,874
238
8
-15,366

Other transportation

Foreign official assets in the United States, net
U.S. Government securities
U S Treasury securities9
Other 10
.
Other U.S. Government liabilities11
U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks, not included elsewhere
Other foreign official assets12
Other foreign assets in the United States, net
Direct investment
U.S. Treasury securities
U.S. securities other than U.S. Treasury securities
67
U.S. currency
U.S. liabilities to unaffiliated foreigners reported by U.S. nonbanking concerns .
U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks, not included elsewhere
Statistical discrepancy (sum of above items with sign reversed)
Memoranda:
Balance on goods (lines 3 and 20)
Balance on services (lines 4 and 21)
Balance on goods and services (lines 2 and 19)
Balance on income (lines 12 and 29)
Unilateral current transfers, net (line 35)
Balance on current account (lines 1,18, and 35 or lines 73, 74, and 75) 13

2,971

3,189

3,795
336
1,257
159
279

Other transportation
Royalties and license fees 5
Other private services5
U.S. Government miscellaneous services

3,739

11,160
7,365

195,932

64

12,913

Exports of goods and services

-373

-3,227

2,910

-9,449
-2,204
3,750
4,328
-15,323

PI
141

1

H
13,317
11,859

n

19
18

-166
-2,807
10,295

18

11
-1,142
4,218

1S

10
-2,317
2,815

8

-225
1,420
1,626

18

75
2,927
99

-122
-2,561
4,516

2,815

5,929
2,676

-fi

£3

-221
(17)
19,612

393

1,325
( l7 )
4,078

n

12,973
10,142

-629
-3,534
1,009
-2,525
72
-3,358
-6,811

-659
77
-482
116
-357
-1,223

-1,219
67
-1,152
-144
-1,007
-2,303

-1,332
396
-936
-222
-769
-1,927

-1,189
471
-718
77
-856
-1,497

-1,792
67
-1,725
84
-871
-2,512

-1,398
29
-1,369
262
-996
-2,103

-18,996
4,372
-14,624
10,961
-613
-4,276

-3,961
1,280
-2,681
2,781
-143

-6,887
-275
-6,162
1,934
-163
-4,391

January 2000 •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

115

Transactions, by Area-Continued
of dollars]
Canada

Latin America and Other Western Hemisphere

1998

1999

1998
1998

IIr

I

IV

III*

1999

1998

Line

1998

in

II

Japan
1999

IV

IIr

I

III''

II

1

IV

III

Ik

III*

49,765

50,011

53,800

50,240

252,300

63,994

62,478

63,178

57,854

62,330

65,270

96,622

23,437

23,888

23,260

25,346

23,678

25,031

44,938

45,304

48,257

44,759

188,948

47,051

47,030

48,933

43,520

46,284

49,063

88,332

21,425

22,296

21,355

22,928

21,152

22,729

40,437

40,070

42,857

39,594

141,599

35,517

34,410

36,363

32,125

34,060

35,417

56,595

14,063

14,042

13,690

14,432

13,328

13,586

4,501

5,234

5,400

5,165

47,349

11,534

12,620

12,570

11,395

12,224

13,646

31,737

7,362

8,254

7,665

8,496

7,824

9,143

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

14

28

34

25

485

88

87

210

152

135

99

963

115

145

66

501

173

183

1,219

1,674

1,808

1,477

4,347
1,255

4,897
1,375

5,856
1,653

2,776
1,050

933
790

910
672

872
817

1,892

2,064

2,147

2,216

2,529
15,691

874
672

922
752

400

820
610

726

451

860
604

802
775

2,923
1,117

815
587

9,424
3,616
2,944

2,231

367
625
434

5,107
1,371

2,358

363
627

5,447
1,598

2,107

438
585
424

4,770
1,379

2,216

319
585

19,498
5,573
3,429

3,855

3,994

4,117

4,170

4,193

4,416

6,311
8,433

1,522
1,905

1,433
2,110

1,729
2,173

1,563
2,383

1,596
2,125

1,689
2,380

21

21

21

21

144

40

30

42

41

78

40

46

9

14

13

17

10

11

4,827
4,806
2,026
2,780

4,707
4,687
1,909
2,778

5,543
5,524
2,831
2,693

5,481
5,463
2,787
2,676

63,352
63,213
16,909
45,922

16,943
16,908
4,710
12,098

15,448
15,413
3,711
11,599

14,245
14,212
3,213
10,889

14,334
14,297
3,979
10,212

16,046
16,008
5,127
10,754

16,207
16,172
4,886
11,208

8,290
8,278
2,180
5,991

2,012
2,009

1,592
1,589

1,905
1,902

2,302
2,298

303

580

871

921

1,509

1,276

1,265

2,418
2,415
1,003
1,405

2,526
2,523

489

1,667

1,360

21

20

19

18

382
139

100
35

103
35

110
33

106
37

127
38

78
35

107
12

11
3

10
3

57
3

7
3

-15
3

17
4

12
13
14
15
16
17

-51,230

-52,743

-56,926

-57,328

-233,950

-58,738

-59,391

-59,348

-58,343

-63,021

-67,952

-171,780

-42,145

-42,488

-45,176

-42,970

-44,236

-47,341

18

-49,456

-50,640

-54,264

-54,780

-178,109

-44,611

-44,836

-46,027

^5,878

-49,579

-53,709

-137,047

-33,734

-63,540

-65,680

-35,150

-35,203

-67,984

-46,000

^7,684

-60,096

-49,408

-145,730

-36,683

-36,492

-37,796

-67,327

-41,166

-44,660

-121,850

-59,952

-29,837

-31,734

-61,098

-60,849

-33,435

19
20

-3,456

-5,956

-6,413

-9,049

855
740

840

9
10
11

-14

-16

-20

-62,379
-372

-7,928

-22

-68

-98

-93

-94

-76

-79

-15,197
-1,323

-6,782
-609

-3,703
-339

-3,946
-303

-4,052
-628

-4,354
-678

-4,549
•^80

21
22

-887
-121
-724

-675
-125
-727

-1,526
-189
-822

-2,531
-210
-817

-15,932
-2,910
-2,356

-3,781
-676
-599

-4,157
-746
-590

-4,045
-713
-615

-4,028
-856
-605

-3,909
-713
-620

-4,367
-805
-656

-2,761
-624
^,229

-741
-211
-1,046

-639
-213
-1,067

-664
-519
-1,116

-790
-500
-1,065

-795
-227
-1,193

-706
-230
-1,405

-112
-1,443

-114
-1,055

-114
-1,447

-119
-1,619

-56

-66

-67

-64

-68

-2,573
-126

-5,781
-120

-2,899
-132

-5,942
-132

-2,315
-3,619
-126

-656
-961

-627
-1,008

-687
-1,039

-56

-2,559
-138

-543
-865

-54

-5,601
-120

-618
-628

-46

-245
-10,070
-494

-63

-47

-59

-67

-27

-34

-35

-686
-1,109
-^33

-1,774
-1,693
-344
-1,161
-188

-5,103
-2,024
-641
-1,176
-207

-2,662
-2,586
-1,239
-1,099
-548

-2,548
-2,474
-984
-1,168
-322

-13,321
-11,733

-68

-14,243
-12,555
-484
-9,297
-2,774
-1,688

-8,411
-8,396
-1,511
-1,912
-4,973

-8,948
-8,935
-1,684
-2,347
-4,904

-8,496
-9,474
-1,654
-5,909
-4,911

-9,033
-9,017
-1,768
-2,118
-6,131

-8,357
-9,343
-1,606
-5,187
-5,550

-74

-8,982
-2,663
-1,588

-13,442
-11,960
-492
-8,941
-2,527
-1,482

-34,733
-64,661
-5,187
-9,516
-19,958

-76

-9,553
-2,960
-1,607

-12,465
-11,087
-282
-8,503
-2,302
-1,378

-7,820
-7,797

^35

-79

-14,127
-12,717
-359
-9,423
-2,935
-1,410

-14,555
-12,948

-81

-55,841
^•9,942
-1,494
-37,044
-11,404
-6,899

-72

-140

-174

-145

-175

-100

-55

-24

-49

-3,615
^493
-158
-2,964

-14
-71

-54

-3,445
-421
-156
-2,868

-16
-53

-22

-6,379
-380
-154
-2,845

-101

-126

-3,367
-474
-501
-2,692

-196

-121

-3,218
-284
-175
-2,759

-22
-32

-120

-2,926
-235
-151
-2,540

-13
-59

-118

-12,492
-1,302
-687
-10,503

-15
-25

23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34

-25
-34

-25
-7

-56
-75

-25
-28

-53
-48

37
38

11

28

36

31

246

58

66

72

62

59

54

24

6

6

6

6

6

6

39

-9,242

2,889

4,023

-706

-55,591

-43,023

-11,743

21,426

11,682

-16,356

-38,596

27,864

16,248

-5,540

6,152

-994

7,605

-15,174

40

1,218

-638

-66

2,168

-2,000

-412

-30

i"218
-10

^638

"^86

2"i68

^2,000

^412

^30

41
42
43
44
45

2

2

-53

12

30

_8

12
994

-4,168

-5,372

-6,344

-8,231

-8,551

127

-96

158

167

-62

-79

170

87

-1,313
1,474

-138

-445

-485

-602

-401

-3

417
-4

398
8

765
7

497
_9

356
1

-10

2

2

-23

-43,190
-3,659
-11,090
-6,052
-25,389

-11,711
-4,047
-4,824
-6,733
5,893

21,505
-4,138
-684
-1,628
27,855

11,512
-7,013
-731
6,346
12,910

-16,443
-9,663
-9,713
-6,553
11,486

-68,723
-1,786
-7,941
-24,900
^,096

26,656
-3,844
-1,682
-4,367
36,549

17,084
-5,474
-270
19,297

-6,456
-438
3,662
-452
-6,228

4,007
-626
1,863
-2,073
4,543

69,162

-22,674

-23,968

937

57,821

39,267

36,661

-21,022

24,975

54,357

iij

iij

-7

-13

R

R

-9,242
-1,008
-3,328
1,690
-6,596

2,889
-2,644
-980
-2,787
9,300

4,023
-6,860
1,212
9,505

2"285

-55,749
-18,021
-14,495
-12,166
-11,067

-806

7,951

10,166

7,905

34,884

3, 12

2,904

-598

328

18)
18)

166

17)

17)
17)
)

-3,918
-1,080

M

-706
-5,726
-265

3i

18
(
18}

(1

8

12

R

R

5,047
1,825

10,764
7,099
(17)
-306

«£)

R

£3

-1,906
(17)

572

413

(17)

(17)

11,642

-7,962

-10,954

n
33

-5,563
1,045
-4,518
3,053
-140
-1,605

-7,614
2,278
-5,336
2,604
-174
-2,906

-7,239
1,232
-6,007
2,881
-145
-3,271

-9,814
-207
-10,021
2,933
-175
-7,263




1
8

-42

7,577
3,685

-2,859
-5,003

-23

-230

312
-7

65

R

s

J3

14,967
18
-6,839

1,276
18
57,507

14,603
-4,131
14,970
10,839
7,511
-12,492
5,858

R
V,

-1,13
18

a

,Sj
%
R

B
109
:<!

R

531

S3
Q
R

13
.
1

4,650
,18)

(18)

3
18

02

30

_8

-499
-10,476
6,094
5,875

7,987
-730
-5,357
-355
15,029

-15,136
-5,170
-8,648

-21,605

4,855

30,797

s

R

B
£

R R R
J3 M J3
43 i « M J3

ifl

-6,318

18)

-14

R
3$

35
36

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67

i
1,653

J3

14,377

6,266

3,635

10,646
l8
-21,750

-6,684
l8
-17,810

555
18
-9,458

-10,399
18
43,682

3,000
18
17,263

-5,205
18
28,609

-2,261
l8
-24,051

-2,478
18
26,886

1,389
l8
44,310

-1,168
18
-15,425

-3,094
I8
-334

-28,527

34,482

2,007

-8,813

-37,388

5,572

10,805

23,501

-782

-38,567

40,318

8,145

6,752

70

-1,166
3,606
2,440
2,816
-2,926
2,330

-2,082
4,276
2,194

-1,433
4,339
2,906

-5,202
2,844
-2,358
1,869
-3,379
-3,868

-7,106
3,811
-3,295
2,604
-3,445
-4,136

-8,243
4,597
^,646
1,964
-6,615
-6,297

-65,255
16,540
-48,715
-26,443
-196
-75,354

-15,889
3,580
-12,309
-6,399

-15,795
4,551
-11,244
-7,356

-18,044
3,719
-14,325
-7,591

-16,666
4,444
-12,222
-6,402
-101
-17,725

-17,521
3,470
-14,051
-6,507

-19,849
4,594
-15,255
-7,055

71
72
73
74
75
76

-10$

23,520

893
-6,218
-131

924

-3,367

463

-25

-59

-32

-18,733

-18,659

-21,948

1,$
.„....._

-53

-71

-20,611

-22,381

68
69

Il6

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

• January 2000

Table 10.—U.S. International
[Millions
Australia
(Credits+; d e b i t s - ) 1

Line

1999

1998
Current account

5,448

5,350

5,213

4,834

5,458

5,593

4,087

4,174

4,173

3,734

4,102

4,337

11,775

2,838

2,918

2,902

2,543

2,758

2,938

4,913
168

1,249
36

1,256
43

1,271
44

1,191
51

1,344
95

1,399
99

1,562
548
320

413
151
76

404
153
83

408
123
86

342
123
81

416
154
86

425
163
91

749

186
386
1

190
382
1

205
402
3

187

406

1,361
1,359

1,176
1,174

609
750

467
707

1,040
1,038
353

-10,121

-2,529

-8,439

Goods, balance of payments basis 2
Services3
Direct defense expenditures

21,511

Exports of goods and services and income receipts
Exports of goods and services
Goods, balance of payments basis 2
Services3
Transfers under U.S. military agency sales contracts 4
Travel
Other transportation
Royalties and license f e e s 5 .
Other private services 5
U.S. Government miscellaneous services .

1,560

6
4,823
4,815
1,897
2,918

Income receipts
Income receipts on U.S.-owned assets abroad .
Direct investment receipts
Other private receipts
U.S. Government receipts
Compensation of employees

187
405

1

1

199
421
1

1,100
1,098

1,356
1,354
585

1,256
1,254
520
734

-2,786

685

365
733

-2,561

-2,563

-2,259

-2,475

-2,139

-2,151

-2,154

-1,888

-5,176

-5,383

-5,372

-1,435

-1,315

-1,360

-1,093

-1,372

-1,447

-0,067
-41

-704
-10

-836
-7

-794
-9

-795
-18

-804
-3

-336
-10

-1,231
-699
-214

-289
-131
-40

-386

-283
-175
-55

-301
-166
^6

-310

-143
-53

-141
-47

-427
-154
-52

$95
-49

-8
-216
-10

-6
-524
-17

-8
-553
-11

-7
-249

-10
-577
-11

-10
-268
-15

-410
-408
-187
-160
-61
-5

-409
-407
-132
-149
-126
-5

-599
-297
-44
-172

-358
-8

-390
-388
-149
-163
-76
-2

^03
-401
-112
-506
-83
-5

-137

-31

-29

-39

-36

-38
-99

-10
-21

-9
-29

-10
-19

-10
-59

-10
-26

-9
-30

4

1

1

2

2

2

-7,666

-6,611

1,095

-2,357

-4,709

5,526

2

8

Imports of goods and services and income payments
Imports of goods and services

Travel
Passenger fares
Other transportation
Royalties and license fees 5
Other private services 5
U.S. Government miscellaneous services
Income payments
Income payments on foreign-owned assets in the United States .
Direct investment payments
Other private payments
U.S. Government payments
Unilateral current transfers, net
U.S. Government grants 4
U.S. Government pensions and other transfers .
PriuatP rpmiftanrec and other transfprs 6
Private remittances and nther transfers

-1,682
-1,674

-673
-$43

-369
-153
-145
-71
-5

-81
-2

Capital and financial account
Capital account

39

Capital account transactions, net
Financial account
U.S.-owned assets abroad, net (increase/financial outflow (-))
U.S. official reserve assets, net
Gold 7
Special drawing rights
Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund
Foreign currencies
U.S. Government assets, other than official reserve assets, net
U.S. credits and other long-term assets
Repayments on U.S. credits and other long-term assets 8
U.S. foreign currency holdings and U.S. short-term assets, net .

-1

6

U.S. private assets, net
Direct investment
Foreign securities
U.S. claims on unaffiliated foreigners reported by U.S. nonbanking concerns ..
U.S. claims reported by U.S. banks, not included elsewhere

-6,610
-3,855
-1,346
129
-1,538

Foreign-owned assets in the United States, net (increase/financial inflow (+)) .

3,106
(18)

-5,363

-1,839
-601
-401
-513
-324
-3,406

Foreign official assets in the United States, net
U.S. Government securities
U.S. Treasury securities9
Other 10
Other U.S. Government liabilities u ....
U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks, not included elsewhere
Other foreign official assets 12
Other foreign assets in the United States, net
Direct investment
U.S. Treasury securities
U.S. securities other than U.S. Treasury securities
U.S. currency
U.S. liabilities to unaffiliated foreigners reported by U.S. nonbanking concerns .
U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks, not included elsewhere

ft
-12

1,497
8
-3,117

1,623
18
1,133

Statistical discrepancy (sum of above items with sign reversed)

^,849

Memoranda:
Balance on goods (lines 3 and 20)
Balance on services (lines 4 and 21)
Balance on goods and services (lines 2 and 19)
Balance on income (lines 12 and 29)
Unilateral current transfers, net (line 35)
Balance on current account (lines 1,18, and 35 or lines 73, 74, and 75) 1 3

6,403
1,846
8,249
3,141
-137
11,253

1,403
545
1,948
971
-31
2,888

See footnotes on page 111.




5,973
1,000
(18)
18

s

3
&

616

5,528
-331
-114

-3,389
-82
430
678

R
<2

1.(2

-64
18
772

-175
18
649

-5,749

-672

-2,133

-9,296

1,603
420

1,542
477

2,023
766
-^8
2,751

2,019
631
-29
2,621

1,450
396
1,846
729
-39
2,536

1,386
540
1,926
1,057
-36

1,491
463
1,954
853
-39

2,947

2,768

97
8
-3,035

18

1,879
1,467

18

-328

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000 •

11J

Transactions, by Area—Continued
of dollars]
International organizations and unallocated16

Other countries in Asia and Africa
1998

1999

II

I

IV

III

1999

1998

1998

Line

1998

\\\p

II'

II

1

IV

III

II-

III"

214,716

52,554

51,380

56,876

51,342

53,930

58,028

29,639

7,271

7,389

7,782

7,440

7,416

7,369

1

192,083

46,474

45,818

51,643

45,919

47,922

51,148

4,641

1,123

1,135

1,216

1,118

1,147

1,187

136,995

32,882

31,278

38,575

31,674

33,973

35,746

2
3

55,088
10,501

13,592
2,905

14,540
2,439

13,068
2,327

14,245
2,372

13,949
2,556

15,402
2,495

4,641

1,123

1,135

1,216

1,118

1,147

1,187

10,484
1,839
8,028

2,797

3366

2,307

2,816

3,544

481

593

378

392

493

629

1,957

1,985

2,143

2,160

2,286

2,294

558

141

141

136

115

147

165

4,472
19,413

1,070
4,311

1,135
4,934

1,205
4,629

1,165
6,034

1,174
4,542

1,181
5,177

1,980
2,103

470
512

478
516

565
515

493
510

491
509

499
523

4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

2,042

351

71

88

79

80

82

82

22,633
22,569
11,021
10,440
1,108

6,080
6,064
3,008
2,822

5,562
5,546
2,643
2,578

5233

51217

2,510
2,435

5,423
5,406
2,792
2,325

6,008
5,991
3,367
2,414

6,880
6,862
3,962
2,599

24,998
23,595
13,427
9,353

6,148
5,798
3,192
2,411

6,254
5,903
3,357
2,335

6,566
6,213
3,686
2,300

6,322
5,970
3,358
2,396

6,269
5,916
3,182
2,543

6,182
5,828
3,092
2,545

234
16

325
16

272
16

289
17

210
17

301
18

815

64

1,403

195
350

211
351

227
353

216
352

191
353

191
354

12
13
14
15
16
17

-326,895

-79,667

-87,791

-83,204

-79,349

-67,337

-$9,867

-11,401

-2,699

-2,687

-3,147

-2,781

-2,870

-2,995

18

-298,020

-72,331

-80,534

-75,971

-71,961

-79,916

-92,113

-2,702

-639

-595

-555

-564

-564

-623

-263,505

-63,755

-71,565

-67,173

-62,733

-70,333

-82,051

-34,515
-4,090

-8,576
-1,035

-8,969
-1,036

-8,798
-1,118

-9,228
-1,064

-9,583
-998

-10,062
-1,001

-10,349
-4,501
-7,997

-2,678
-1,068
-1,920

-2,732
-1,160
-2,109

-2,392
-1,170
-2,159

-2,805
-1,223
-2,230

-2873
-1,146
-2,525

-3,019
-1,246
-2,766

-284
-6,502
-792

-71

-67

-75

-74

-73

-75

-1,630
-174

-1,655
-210

-1,679
-205

-1,642
-190

-1,778
-190

-1,752
-203

-28,875
-28,419

-7,336
-7,242

-7,257
-7,175

-7,233
-7,089

-38

-85

60

-10,277
-18,125
-456

-2,591
-4,563

-2,611
-4,479

-82

-2,399
-4,750
-144

-2,438
-4,879
-101

-7,754
-7,668
-169
-2,580
-4,919

-94

-7,388
-7,243
-159
-2,381
-4,703
-145

-7,421
-7,320

-17

-16,744
-8,427
-464
-7,853

-2,884
-1,008
-120
-1,756

-3,707
-1,526
-2,083

-6,629
-4,539
-124
-1,966

-3,414
-967
-119
-2,328

-3,569
-1,423
-121
-2,025

-3,728
-1,273
-121
-2,334

111

33

17

33

25

32

29

-«25

-2,114

1,532

-4,620

-2,448

-2,172

-2,621

-98

-3

-2,702

-639

-595

-1,384

-377

-986
-330

-166

-555

-564

-337

-324

-169

-180

-564

-623

-285

-298

-350

-185

-180

^93
-1

-86

-173
-100

-2

^95
-1

-88
-1

-51

-8,699
-8,699
-5,426
-3,253

-2,060
-2,060
-1,212
-835

-2,092
-2,092
-1,253
-636

-2,592
-2,592
-1,803
-788

-2,217
-2,217
-1,365
-848

-2,306
-2,306
-1,445
-855

-2,372
-2,372
-1,405
-958

-20

-13

-3

-1

-4

-6

-9

-10,211
-940
-1,146
-6,125

-2,538
-258
-137
-2,143

-2,324
-198

-2,770
-223
-686
-1,861

-2,427
-257
-124
-2,046

-2,691
-374

-2,533
-186
-210
-2,137

-86

-62
-2,044

-84
-2,233

19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38

39
-20,057

-4,177

-7,221

-4,936

-3,935

-1,544

-7,376

-5,267

-959

-1,890

-2,151

566

1,223

2,083

40
41

-149
-5,118

72
-1,031

188
-2,078

-227
-1,924

563
3

-190
1,413

-185
2,268

44

-1,161
-1,161

-317
-317

-291
-291

-267
-267

-267
-267

-289
-289

-248
-248

-2,901
-2,994

-5,040
-2,741

-2,518
-3,486
-694

-4,234
-3,193

45

49
-7

-2,478
-3,008
-111

-9,211
-2,924

76
-45

1,617

-1,083

22
619

-7198

-2,330
8,033

5,537

5,753

6,259

17,596

42
43

45
-351
-632

162

123

11

-206

-222

-209

-218
-303

-520
-778

365
3

288
57

326

213

48

251
30

-106

-128

355
-97

-689
-10,742
-6,959
1,677
14,335

-1,763
-1,529
-6,691
2,261
4,196

1,370
-2,784
3,804
-386

-4,743
-4,241

-2,459
-6,725
-1,217

-2,101
-3,018
3,094

-13,629
-11,768
-597

736

-1,856

5,575

-1,954
-3,808
1,118
-1,034
1,770

-2,177

-1,267

154
-15
-46

19,075

-3,185

-16,054

17,089

13,028

3,249

5,839

21,860

410

R

(ls)
IIS\

R

2

-136
-1,454
1,270

J

/18\

—1 094
(18)

R

M
(18)

-1,493
-2950
18
26,047

659

59
18

-2,627

R
R
~R

862
492

-92

(18)

R

18

.8

3
R

R

a

Q

-7,245

1,956

-1665
l8
-6,901

<3

(18)

-2907
18
18,210

3,1-3

805
18

9,889

3

(18)

18
18

ii

-ffl

R

R

4S

514

3,532

2

2
(18)

(18)

(18)

(18)

410
1,085

21,858
4,415

8,033
1,123

5,535
1,161

43

16,622
1892
l8
-1,560

18

3,593

2349

£3

7277

6,250

216

73

49

37

(

18

51

554

431

2

(18)

2,413

480

18

-3,352

18

-261

18

(18)

(18)

5,753
1,197

-1,888

-148
2440
' 18
18
2,246

6,259
1,232

2,063

43

3,057

37
18

(18)

17,596
1,267
(IS)
493
4,697
9136
18
2,003

110,562

35,263

54,623

20,455

20,816

35,867

42,320

-9,830

1,733

-3,190

-2,466

-4,050

-6,570

-12,061

-126510
20,573
-105,937
-6,242
-16,744
-128,923

-30873
5,016
-25,857
-1,256
-2,884
-29,997

-40287
5,571
-34,716
-1,695
-3,707
-40,118

-28,598
4,270
-24,328
-2,000
-6,629
-32,957

-31,059
5,017
-26,042
-1,965
-3,414
-31,421

-36360
4,366
-31,994
-1,413
-3,569
-36,976

-46,305
5,340
-40,965
-874
-4,728
-45,567

1,939
1,939
16,299
-10,211
8,027

484
484

540
540

661
661

554
554

583
583

564
564

4,088
-2,538
2,034

4,162
-2,324
2,378

3,974
-2,770
1,865

4,105
-2,427
2,232

3,963
-2,691
1,855

3,810
-2,533
1,841




46

47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66

67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

Contents

BEA CURRENT AND HISTORICAL DATA
National, International, and Regional Estimates
This section presents an extensive selection of economic statistics prepared by the Bureau of Economic Analysis and a much
briefer selection of collateral statistics prepared by other Government agencies and private organizations. Series originating
in Government agencies are not copyrighted and may be reprinted freely. Series from private sources are provided through
the courtesy of the compilers and are subject to their copyrights.
BEA makes its economic information available on three World Wide Web sites. The BEA Web site <www.bea.doc.gov>
contains data, articles, and news releases from BEA'S national, international, and regional programs. The Federal Statistical
Briefing Room (FSBR) on the White House Web site <www.whitehouse.gov/fsbr> provides summary statistics for GDP and
a handful of other NIPA aggregates. The Commerce Department's STAT-USA Web site <www.stat-usa.gov> provides detailed
databases and news releases from BEA and from other Federal Government agencies by subscription; for information, go to
the Web site or call 202-482-1986.
The tables listed below present annual, quarterly, and monthly estimates, indicated as follows: [A] Annual estimates only;
[Q] quarterly estimates only; [QA] quarterly and annual estimates; [MA] monthly and annual estimates.
National Data
A. Selected NIPA Tables: [QA]
S. Summary tables
1. National product and income
2. Personal income and outlays
3. Government receipts, current expenditures,
and gross investment
4. Foreign transactions
5. Saving and investment
6. Income and employment by industry
7. Quantity and price indexes
8. Supplemental tables

International Data
D-2
D-3
D-7
D-8
D-12
D-14
D-17
D-18
D-25

B. Other NIPA and NiPA-related tables:
Monthly estimates: [MA]
B.i. Personal income
B.2. Disposition of personal income

D-29
D-29

Annual estimates: [A]
B.3. GDP by industry
D-30
B.4. Personal consumption expenditures by type of
expenditure
D-31
B.5. Private purchases of structures by type
D-32
B.6. Private purchases of producers' durable
equipment by type
D-32
B.7. Compensation and wage and salary accruals
by industry
D-33
B.8. Employment by industry
D-34
B.9. Wage and salary accruals and employment
by industry per full-time equivalent
D-35
B.10. Farm sector output, gross product,
and national income
D-36
B.11. Housing sector output, gross product,
and national income
D-36
B.12. Net stock of fixed private capital, by type... D-37
C. Historical measures: [A]
C.i. Historical estimates for major NIPA
aggregates

D-38

D. Domestic perspectives [MA, QA]

D-41

E. Charts:
Selected NIPA series
Other indicators of the domestic economy




F. Transactions tables:
F.i. U.S. international transactions in goods
and services [MA]
F.2. U.S. international transactions [QA]
F.3. Selected U.S. international transactions,
by area [ Q ]
F.4. Private service transactions [A]

D-51
D-52
D-53
D-56

G. Investment tables:
G.i. International investment position of the United
States [A]
D-57
G.2. USDIA: Selected items [A]
D-58
G.3. Selected financial and operating data for nonbank
foreign affiliates of U.S. companies [A]
D-59
G.4. FDIUS: Selected items [A]
D-60
G.5. Selected financial and operating data of nonbank
U.S. affiliates of foreign companies [A]
D-61
H. International perspectives [MA, QA]

D-62

I. Charts

D-64
Regional Data

J. State and regional tables:
J.i. Total and nonfarm personal income [QA].... D-65
J.2. Percent of personal income for selected
components [A]
D-66
J.3. Per capita personal income and
disposable personal income [A]
D-67
J.4. Gross state product [A]
D-68
K. Local area table

D-69

L Charts

D-71
Appendixes

D-43
D-49

Appendix A: Additional information about
the NIPA estimates:

Statistical conventions
Reconciliation tables [QA]

D-73
D-74

Appendix B: Suggested reading

D-75

D-2 • National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

National Data
A. Selected NIPA Tables
The tables in this section include the most recent estimates of gross domestic product and its components;
these estimates were released on December 22, 1999 and include the "final" estimates for the third quarter of
1999.
The selected set of NIPA tables shown in this section presents quarterly estimates, which are updated
monthly; in most of these tables, annual estimates are also shown.
The news release on gross domestic product (GDP) is available within minutes of the time of release, and the
"Selected NIPA Tables" are available later that day, on STAT-USA'S Web site <www.stat-usa.gov>; for information,
call STAT-USA on 202-482-1986. The GDP news release is also available within minutes of the time of release, and
the "Selected NIPA Tables" a day or two later, on BEA'S Web site <www.bea.doc.gov>.
The "Selected NIPA Tables" are also available on printouts or diskettes from BEA. TO order NIPA subscription
products, call the BEA Order Desk at 1-800-704-0415 (outside the United States, 202-606-9666).

S. Summary TablesTable S.1 .—Summary of Percent Change From Preceding Period in Real
Gross Domestic Product and Related Measures

Table S.2.—Summary of Contributions to Percent Change in Real Gross
Domestic Product

[Percent]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

1998

1998

1997

4.5

4.3

2.1

3.8

5.9

3.7

1.9

5.7

4.9
11.3
4.0
4.0

6.1
11.2
6.7
4.8

3.9
4.1
2.4
4.7

4.6
20.4
5.0
1.5

6.5
12.4
8.9
4.2

5.1
9.1
3.3
5.2

4.9
7.7
3.6
5.0

Percentage points at annual
rates:

11.5
8.5
10.7
8.5
11.5
2.3

11.7
11.8
12.7
4.1
15.8
9.2

-4.7
12.5
12.1
7.1
13.8
13.6

10.4
2.0
0
-S.6
2.4
8.0

11.5
13.8
15.3
5.8
18.6
9.8

3.6
9.1
7.8
-5.8
12.5
12.9

-2.1
6.6
7.0
-5.3
11.2
5.5

13.6
6.8
10.9
-5.8
15.7
-3.8

Net exports of goods and
services
Exports
Goods
Services
Imports
Goods
Services

12.7
14.5
8.5
13.7
14.2
11.2

2.2
2.1
2.5
11.6
11.7
10.8

-4.0
-3.8
8.8
13.0
13.6
9.7

-1.7
1.6
-8.8
5.2
4.9
6.4

16.1
19.4
8.6
10.8
12.8
1.6

-5.5
-9.3
4.1
12.5
12.6
11.9

4.0
4.3
3.2
14.4
15.5
8.9

11.5
16.9
0
14.9
17.3
3.6

Government consumption
expenditures and gross
investment
Federal
National defense
Nondefense
State and local

2.3
-.1
-2.5
4.6
3.8

1.7
-.9
-1.9
1.0
3.2

6.0
11.9
11.1
13.2
3.0

1.3
-2.3
7.0
-17.4
3.3

2.9
3.9
-2.9
17.8
2.3

5.1
-.5
-4.0
6.1
8.2

1.3
2.1
-2.6
10.9
.9

4.5
4.1
11.2
-7.1
4.8

4.0
4.7

4.3
5.4

5.1
4.1

2.4
4.6

6.2
5.5

4.6
5.8

3.4
3.2

4.5
6.3

4.2

5.4

7.1

3.2

5.8

6.7

4.7

5.2

4.3
3.6

4.1
4.1

2.0
3.8

2.6
4.5

6.3
4.8

3.8
4.1

1.9
3.2

5.6
2.9

1999

Percent change at annual rate:

3.7
6.6
2.9
3.6

1998

1998

Gross domestic product
Personal consumption
expenditures
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Services
Gross private domestic
investment
Fixed investment
Nonresidential
Structures
Equipment and software
Residential
Change in private inventories

Addenda:
Final sales of domestic
product
Gross domestic purchases
Final sales to domestic
purchasers
Gross national product
Disposable personal income

Gross domestic product

NOTE.—Percent changes from preceding period in the current-dollar and price measures for these series are
shown in table 8.1.




Personal consumption
expenditures
Durable goods
Nondurable go<
Services
Gross private domestic
investment
Fixed investment
Nonresidential
Structures
Equipment and
software
Residential
Change in private
inventories

4.5

4.3

2.1

3.8

5.9

3.7

1.9

5.7

2.51
.51
.59
1.41

3.24
.86
.79
1.59

3.96
.84
1.28
1.85

2.64
.33
.49
1.83

3.13
1.51
.98
.64

4.27
.96
1.68
1.63

3.36
.71
.64
2.01

3.33
.62
.73
1.97

1.82
1.31
1.22
.25

1.93
1.86
1.49
.13

-.85
1.95
1.42
.22

1.74
.34
.01
-.21

1.94
2.20
1.79
.18

.67
1.48
.94
-.18

-.36
1.10
.86
-.16

2.25
1.16
1.33
-.11

.97
.09

1.37
.37

1.21
.53

.22
.33

1.61
.41

1.12
.53

1.02
.24

1.44
-.17

.50

.07

-2.80

1.40

-.26

-.80

-1.46

1.09

Net exports of goods and
services
Exports
Goods
Services
Imports
Goods
Services

-.25
1.40
1.12
.28
-1.65
-1.43
-.22

-1.18
.25
.17
.08
-1.43
-1.21
-.22

-2.01
-.45
-.73
.28
-1.56
-1.36
-.20

-.82
-.18
.12
-.30
-.65
-.51
-.13

.33
1.65
1.38
.27
-1.32
-1.29
-.03

-2.13
-.61
-.74
.13
-1.52
-1.28
-.24

-1.35
.42
.32
.10
-1.77
-1.59
-.19

-.72
1.19
1.19
0
-1.91
-1.83
-.08

Government consumption
expenditures and gross
investment
Federal
National defense
Nondefense
State and local

.42
-.01
-.11
.10
.43

.31
-.06
-.08
.02
.37

1.03
.69
.42
.27
.33

.23
-.14
.27
-.42
.37

.51
.24
-.12
.36
.28

.87
-.03
-.16
.13
.90

.23
.13
-.10
.23
.10

.81
.26
.42
-.16
.55

NOTE.—More detailed contributions to percent change in real gross domestic product are shown in table 8.2.
Contributions to percent change in major components of real gross domestic product are shown in tables 8.3
through 8.6.

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

D-3

National Data

1. National Product and Income.
Table 1.1 .—Gross Domestic Product

Table 1.2.—Real Gross Domestic Product

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

IV
Gross domestic product

1997

1998

1998

1999

I

8,300.8 8,759.9 8,683.7 8,797.9 8,947.6 9,072.7 9,146.2 9,297.8

Persona! consumption
expenditures
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Services
Gross private domestic
investment

1,383.7 1,531.2 1,495.0 1,535.3 1,580.3 1,594.3 1,585.4 1,635.0

Gross domestic product

8,165.1 8,516.3 8,457.2 8,536.0 8,659.2 8,737.9 8,778.6 8,900.6

5,524.4 5,848.6 5,816.2 5,889.6 5,973.7 6,090.8 6,200.8 6,303.7

Net exports of goods and
services

Personal consumption
expenditures

5,433.7 5,698.6 5,675.6 5,730.7 5,795.8 5,888.4 5,961.8 6,033.3

642.9 698.2 693.9 696.9 722.8 739.0 751.6 761.8
1,641.7 1,708.9 1,701.2 1,716.6 1,742.9 1,787.8 1,824.8 1,853.9
3,239.8 3,441.5 3,421.1 3,476.1 3,508.0 3,564.0 3,624.3 3,688.0

Fixed investment
Nonresidential
Structures
Equipment and software
Residential
Change in private inventories

Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Services

657.4 731.5 723.9 731.2 766.0 788.8 806.1 821.2
1,619.9 1,685.3 1,681.9 1,692.0 1,712.6 1,749.5 1,763.7 1,779.3
3,156.7 3,284.5 3,272.2 3,309.6 3,322.0 3,356.5 3,399.2 3,440.6

1,315.4 1,460.0 1,454.2 1,461.7 1,508.9 1,543.3 1,567.8 1,594.2
986.1 1,091.3 1,090.8 1,087.2 1,121.4 1,139.9 1,155.4 1,181.6
254.1 272.8 274.0 271.7 278.0 274.7 272.5 272.1
732.1 818.5 816.8 815.4 843.4 865.2 882.9 909.5
329.2 368.7 363.4 374.5 387.5 403.4 412.4 412.7
73.7
71.4
51.0
68.3
71.2
17.6
40.8
40.8
-88.3 -149.6 -153.9 -165.7 -161.2 -201.6 ^245.8 -578.2
968.0 966.3 960.1 949.1 981.8 966.9 978.2 1,008.5
689.0 681.3 671.8 667.2 693.3 674.3 680.5 708.8
292.6 297.7 299.7
279.0 285.1 288.2 281.9
1,056.3 1,115.9 1,114.0 1,114.8 1,143.1 1,168.5 1,224.0 1,286.6
885.1 930.4 928.9 927.2 952.6 974.3 1,022.3 1,079.3
171.2 185.5 185.1 187.7 190.4 194.2 201.7 207.4

Exports
Goods
Services
Imports
Goods
Services
Government consumption
expenditures and gross
investment
Federal
National defense
Nondefense
State and local

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

1999

1998

1998

.

1,481.0 1,529.7 1,526.5 1,538.7 1,554.8 1,589.1 1,605.9 1,637.2
537.8
352.5
185.3
943.2

538.7
348.6
190.1
991.0

542.2
347.9
194.3
984.2

539.7 546.7 557.4 561.6 569.8
354.7 352.9 355.8 354.3 365.4
185.0 193.8 201.6 207.3 204.4
999.0 1,008.1 1,031.8 1,044.3 1,067.4

NOTE.—Percent changes from preceding period for selected items in this table are shown in table 8.1.




Gross private domestic
investment

1,385.8 1,547.4 1,513.1 1,551.1 1,593.9 1,608.2 1,599.8 1,651.6

Fixed investment
, 1,316.0 1,471.8 1,466.7 1,474.0 1,522.5 1,555.9 1,581.0 1,607.3
Nonresidential
995.7 1,122.5 1,120.2 1,120.3 1,160.8 1,182.7 1,202.9 1,234.3
Structures
244.0 254.1 256.4 252.1 255.7 251.9 248.5 246.1
Equipment and software
751.9 870.6 865.5 870.6 908.5 935.7 960.9 996.6
Residential
320.6 350.2 347.4 354.2 362.6 373.7 378.8 375.1
69.1
70.7
Change in private inventories
74.3
43.1
76.1
50.1
14.0
38.0
Net exports of goods and
services
Exports
Goods
Services
Imports
Goods
Services
Government consumption
expenditures and gross
investment
Federal
National defense
Nondefense
State and local
Residual

-109.8 -215.1 -218.4 -237.9 -232.3 -284.5 -319.0 -338.2
985.4 1,007.1 997.2 993.0 1,030.8 1,016.4 1,026.4 1,054.8
708.1 722.8 709.3 712.0 744.2 726.4 734.1 763.3
277.5 284.4 287.7 281.1 287.0 289.9 292.2 292.2
, 1,095.2 1,222.2 1,215.6 1,231.0 1,263.1 1,300.9 1,345.4 1,393.0
923.2 1,031.6 1,025.5 1,037.9 1,069.7 1,102.0 1,142.5 1,188.9
172.1 190.7 190.1 193.1 193.8 199.4 203.7 205.5

1,455.1 1,480.3 1,480.7 1,485.3 1,495.9 1,514.6 1,519.5 1,536.5
530.9
348.3
182.7
924.1
.1

526.1
341.7
184.4
953.9

530.1
341.6
188.4
950.5

527.0
347.5
179.6
958.1

532.0
344.9
187.1
963.6

531.4
341.4
189.9
982.9

534.2
339.2
194.9
985.1

539.7
348.3
191.3

4.9'

2.9

-22

2.6

8.1

6.4

t of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
The residual line is the difference between the first line and the sum of the most detailed lines.
Percent changes from preceding period for selected items in this table are shown in table 8.1; contributions to
the percent change in real gross domestic product are shown in table 8.2.
Chain-type quantity indexes for the series in this table are shown in table 7.1.

D-4 • National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 1.3.—Gross Domestic Product by Major Type of Product

Table 1.4.—Real Gross Domestic Product by Major Type of Product

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1999

1998

1998

IV
Gross domestic product
Final sales of domestic
product
Change in private inventories
Goods
Final sales
Change in private
inventories
Durable goods
Final sales
Change in private
inventories
Nondurable goods
Final sales
Change in private
inventories
Services
Structures
Addenda:
Motor vehicle output
Gross domestic product less
motor vehicle output

I

1997

III

8,300.8 8,759.9 8,683.7 8,797.9 8,947.6 9,072.7 9,146.2 9,297.8
8,232.4 8,688.7 8,642.9 8,724.2 8,876.2 9,021.6 9,128.6 9,257.0
71.4
73.7
40.8
51.0
40.8
71.2
17.6
68.3
116.6
24.2
!58.9
3,142.4 3,310.3 3,258.9 3,305.6 3,389.8 3,416.6 3,424.2 3,494.0
3,074.1 3,239.1 3,218.1 3,231.9 3,318.4 3,365.6 3,406.6 3,453.2
71.4
73.7
40.8
51.0
40.8
71.2
17.6
68.3
1,460.3 1,567.8 1,539.3 1,559.7 1,610.0 1,608.3 1,607.9 1,654.0
1,424.8 1,528.9 1,518.2 1,519.9 1,571.4 1,584.3 1,601.7 1,631.1
24.1
23.0
6.3
38.6
39.8
21.1
38.9
35.6
1,682.1 1,742.5 1,719.6 1,745.9 1,779.8 1,808.3 1,816.3 1,840.0
1,649.3 1,710.2 1,699.9 1,712.1 1,747.0 1,781.3 1,804.9 1,822.2
19.7
11.4
32.8
32.2
17.8
27.0
33.9
32.8
4,434.7 4,664.5 4,646.1 4,700.4 4,747.9 4,820.7 4,885.5 4,963.7
723.7 785.1 778.8 791.9 809.9 835.3 836.5 840.1
293.5

313.3

296.9

306.1

345.3

325.0

1999

1998

330.9

355.0

8,007.3 8,446.7 8,386.8 8,491.7 8,602.2 8,747.6 8,815.3 8,942.8

NOTE.—Percent changes from preceding period for gross domestic product and for final sales of domestic product
are shown in table 8.1.

III
Gross domestic product
Final sales of domestic

product
Change in private inventories
Residual

Goods
Final sales
Change in private
inventories
Durable goods
Final sales
Change in private
inventories
Nondurable goods
Final sales
Change in private
inventories

Services
Structures
Residual
Addenda:
Motor vehicle output
Gross domestic product less
motor vehicle output

IV

8,165.1 8,516.3 8,457.2 8,536.0 8,659.2 8,737.9 8,778.6 8,900.6
8,095.7 8,441.3 8,410.4 8,459.6 8,588.3 8,685.2 8,757.9 8,855.8
38.0
70.7
43.1
76.1
74.3
69.1
14.0
50.1
.7
6.8
3.7
.3
6.7
2.6
3,141.3 3,330.5 3,277.8 3,323.9 3,417.4 3,442.1 3,446.1 3,525.3
3,071.6 3,255.1 3,231.5 3,246.9 3,346.2 3,390.0 3,427.5 3,481.3
50.1
70.7
76.1
74.3
38.0
14.0
43.1
69.1
1,481.0 1,625.0 1,589.3 1,619.1 1,686.7 1,693.5 1,699.5 1,758.1
1,445.0 1,585.1 1,568.0 1,578.1 1,646.9 1,668.7 1,693.5 1,734.2
40.7
39.7
23.8
6.5
25.1
39.6
21.3
35.8
1,660.8 1,708.1 1,690.5 1,707.1 1,734.6 1,752.0 1,750.4 1,772.9
1,627.1 1,672.6 1,665.7 1,671.2 1,703.1 1,725.2 1,738.5 1,752.9
34.6
14.2
7.5
31.0
35.3
21.8
25.0
33.3
71.0
4,324.2 4,449.4 4,442.9 4,471.4 4,494.6 4,529.5 4,571.0 4,620.4
700.2 738.9 737.5 742.5 751.7 770.2 764.7 760.9
-7.7
-6.8
-5.2
-5.8
-4.0
0
-.5
293.7

315.7

301.1

305.7

348.6

329.0

335.7

355.8

7,871.4 8,200.9 8,156.0 8,230.2 8,311.9 8,409.3 8,443.6 8,546.2

NOTE.—Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the' chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
The residual line following change in private inventories is the difference between gross domestic product and the
sum of final sales of domestic product and of change in private inventories; the residual line following structures
is the difference between gross domestic product and the sum of the detailed lines of goods, of services, and
of structures.
Percent changes from preceding period for gross domestic product and for final sales of domestic product are
shown in table 8.1. Chain-type quantity indexes for the series in this table are shown in table 7.17.

Table 1.5.—Relation of Gross Domestic Product, Gross Domestic
Purchases, and Final Sales to Domestic Purchasers

Table 1.6.—Relation of Real Gross Domestic Product, Real Gross
Domestic Purchases, and Real Final Sales to Domestic Purchasers

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]

Gross domestic product
Less: Exports of goods and
services
Plus: Imports of goods and
services
Equals: Gross domestic
purchases
Less: Change in private
inventories
Equals: Final sales to
domestic purchasers

8,300.8 8,759.9 8,683.7 8,797.9 8,947.6 9,072.7 9,146.2 9,297.8

968.0

966.3

960.1

949.1

981.8

966.9

978.2 1,008.5

1,056.3 1,115.9 1,114.0 1,114.8 1,143.1 1,168.5 1,224.0 1,286.6
8,389.1 8,909.5 8,837.7 8,963.6 9,108.8 9,274.2 9,392.0 9,575.9

68.3

71.2

40.8

73.7

71.4

51.0

17.6

40.8

8,320.7 8,838.3 8,796.9 8,889.9 9,037.4 9,223.2 9,374.4 9,535.1

NOTE.—Percent changes from preceding period for selected items in this table are shown in table 8.1.

Gross domestic product
Less: Exports of goods and
services
Plus: Imports of goods and
services
Equals: Gross domestic

8,165.1 8,516.3 8,457.2 8,536.0 8,659.2 8,737.9 8,778.6 8,900.6
985.4 1,007.1

997.2

993.0 1,030.8 1,016.4 1,026.4 1,054.8

1,095.2 1,222.2 1,215.6 1,231.0 1,263.1 1,300.9 1,345.4 1,393.0

8,273.9 8,723.2 8,667.2 8,764.2 8,881.5 9,007.4 9,078.2 9,216.9
Less: Change in private
inventories
Equals: Final sales to
domestic purchasers

69.1

74.3

43.1

76.1

70.7

50.1

14.0

38.0

8,204.5 8,648.1 8,620.5 8,687.6 8,810.6 8,954.8 9,057.8 9,172.2

NOTE.-Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
Percent changes from preceding period for selected series in this table are shown in table 8.1.
Chain-type quantity indexes for selected series in this table are shown in table 7.2.

Table 1.7.—Gross Domestic Product by Sector

Table 1.8.—Real Gross Domestic Product by Sector

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]

Gross domestic product
Businessl
Nonfarm2
Nonfarm less housing
Housing
Farm
Households and institutions ...
Private households
Nonprofit institutions .....>.
General government3
Federal

State and local

8,300.8 8,759.9 8,683.7 8,797.9 8,947.6 9,072.7 9,146.2 9,297.8
6,996.8 7,402.0 7,333.6 7,432.1 7,568.0 7,669.1 7,729.4 7,862.6
6,908.8 7,321.9 7,258.8 7,351.6 7,475.5 7,580.5 7,645.3 7,784.0
6,240.1 6,621.4 6,564.8 6,645.4 6,757.5 6,850.3 6,906.2 7,034.3
668.6 700.4 694.0 706.2 718.0 730.2 739.1 749.7
88.0
80.6
84.1
92.5
88.6
78.6
74.8
80.2
366.2 385.6 383.2 388.4 393.4 399.7 404.9 411.0
15.2
12.1
14.3
15.6
15.8
16.0
13.6
14.0
354.1 371.6 369.6 374.1 378.2 384.1 389.0 395.0
937.8 972.3 966.9 977.4 986.2 1,003.9 1,012.0 1,024.2
293.7 296.9 295.7 297.5 298.8 307.8 307.2 308.3
644.0 675.4 671.2 679.9 687.3 696.1 704.7 715.9

1. Equals gross domestic product less gross product of households and institutions and of general government.
2. Equals gross domestic business product less gross farm product.
3. Equals compensation of general government employees plus general government consumption of fixed capital
as shown in table 3.7.




Gross domestic product

Business l
2

Nonfarm
Nonfarm less housing
Housing
Farm
Households and institutions ...
Private households
Nonprofit institutions
General government3
Federal
State and local
Residual

8,165.1
6,888.8
6,786.3
6,135.6
650.8
103.1

360.5
11.8
348.7
915.9
287.8

628.2
-.9

8,516.3 8,457.2 8,536.0 8,659.2 8,737.9 8,778.6 8,900.6
7,223.2 7,166.2 7,241.0 7,359.5 7,432.8 7,469.1 7,584.1
7,121.8 7,066.4 7,139.7 7,257.1 7,331.3 7,366.3 7,485.2
6,462.2 6,408.1 6,477.6 6,592.7 6,659.3 6,690.1 6,802.2
660.2 658.7 662.6 665.4 672.9 677.2 684.2
95.8
100.5
98.7 100.4 101.3 100.2 101.6
369.0 368.2
371.3 373.2 374.8 377.2
12.9
13.3
13.5
14.2
14.6
14.6
14.7
355.7 355.3 356.1 357.0 358.6 360.2 362.5
924.8 923.4 926.1 929.6 933.3 936.2 941.3
285.8 285.6 286.1 286.1 285.5 284.5 284.5
638.9 637.7 639.9 643.4 647.7 651.5 656.7
.2
-.3
-.2
-.9
-1.1
-.9
0

1. Equals gross domestic product less gross product of households and institutions and of general government.
2. Equals gross domestic business product less gross farm product.
3. Equals compensation of general government employees plus general government consumption of fixed capital
as shown in table 3.8.
NOTE.—Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
The residual line is the difference between the first line and the sum of the most detailed lines.
Chain-type quantity indexes for the series in this table are shown in table 7.14.

D-5

National Data

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

Table 1.9.—Relation of Gross Domestic Product, Gross National Product,
Net National Product, National Income, and Personal Income

Table 1.10.—Relation of Real Gross Domestic Product, Real Gross
National Product, and Real Net National Product

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1998

1998
II

Gross domestic product
Plus: Income receipts from the
rest of the world
Less: Income payments to the
rest of the world
Equals: Gross national
product
Less: Consumption of fixed
capital
Private
Capital
consumption
allowances
Less: Capital
consumption
adjustment
Government
General
government
Government
enterprises
Equals: Net national product
Less: Indirect business tax and
nontax liability
Business transfer
Davments
Statistical discrepancy ...
Plus: Subsidies less current
surplus of government
enterprises
Equals: National income
Less: Corporate profits with
inventory valuation and capital
consumption adjustments
Net interest
Contributions for social
insurance
Wage accruals less
disbursements
Plus: Personal interest income ...
Personal dividend
income
Government transfer
payments to persons
Di icin^cc frronofor
DUolllcoo UailolCl

III

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1999
I

IV

II

282.6

285.3

292.9

276.4

280.8

283.8

296.1

307.7

278.4

295.2

292.9

302.0

297.9

298.2

310.4

323.2

83050 8,750.0 8,683.7 8,772.2 8,930.5 9,058.2 9,131.9 9,282.3
1 0097 1 066 9 1 0565 1 075 2 1 094 0 1 108 8 1 126 3 1 160 9
829.2 880.8 871.7 888.3 904.8 916.7 931.8 963.7
906.2

897.1

914.2

932.2

947.1

964.7

989.9

14.8
180.5

25.4
186.2

25.4
184.8

25.9
186.9

27.4
189.1

30.3
192.0

32.9
194.5

26.2
197.2

154.2

158.6

157.5

159.2

160.9

163.4

165.5

167.7

26.3

27.6

27.4

27.7

28.2

28.6

29.0

29.5

7,295.3 7,683.1 7,627.1 7,697.1 7,836.5 7,949.5 8,005.6 8,121.4
645.8

677.0

670.1

676.6

697.8

36 9
-3.2

381
-47.6

380
-41.5

382
-87.9

386
-62.4

19.0

20.8

17.1

16.9

31.4

696.6

706.7

718.3

>

38 8
395
393
-99.4 -135.5 -141.2

21.0

27.9

17.3

Gross domestic product
Plus: Income receipts from the
rest of the world
Less: Income payments to the
rest of the world
Equals: Gross national
product
Less: Consumption of fixed
capital
Private
Government
General
government
Government
enterprises

8,165.1 8,516.3 8,457.2 8,536.0 8,659.2 8,737.9 8,778.6 8,900.6
278.1

279.2

286.9

270.3

274.0

276.0

286.6

296.5

274.4

289.6

287.7

295.8

291.3

290.7

301.1

311.8

8,168.8 8,506.0 8,456.6 8,510.6 8,641.9 8,723.3 8,764.3 8,885.5
1,009.7 1,074.2 1,065.3 1,082.4 1,100.6 1,117.8 1,140.5 1,179.1
832.1 899.8 891.1 908.4 925.8 941.6 962.8 1,000.2
179.5 185.4 184.5 186.1 187.8 189.6 191.4 193.3
153.6

158.4

157.7

159.0

160.5

161.9

163.5

165.1

25.9

26.9

26.8

27.1

27.3

27.6

27.9

28.2

Equals: Net national product

7,159.3 7,432.5 7,391.9 7,429.2 7,542.3 7,606.8 7,626.1 7,710.0

Addenda:
Gross domestic income l
Gross national income2
Net domestic product

8,168.1 8,562.4 8,497.6 8,621.3 8,719.5 8,833.5 8,908.7 9,035.8
8,171.9 8,552.1 8,496.9 8,595.9 8,702.3 8,819.0 8,894.3 9,020.6
7,155.5 7,442.7 7,392.6 7,454.4 7,559.5 7,621.3 7,640.3 7,725.1

1. Gross domestic income deflated by the implicit price deflator for gross domestic product.
2. Gross national income deflated by the implicit price deflator for gross national product.
NOTE.—Except as noted in footnotes 1 and 2, chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of
the chain-type quantity index and the 1996 current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because
the formula for the chain-type quantity indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chaineddollar estimates are usually not additive.
The chain-type quantity index for gross national product is shown in table 7.3.

Table 1.11.--Command-Basis Real Gross National Product
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]

6,634.9 7,036.4 6,977.6 7,087.1 7,193.8 7,334.5 7,423.1 7,522.1
Gross national product
837.9
412.5

846.1
435.7

847.9
434.6

843.8
444.0

834.3
440.8

882.0
446.3

875.5
456.4

879.2
476.3

588.2

621.9

617.6

626.1

633.8

647.2

653.8

662.3

Less: Exports of goods and
services and income receipts
from the rest of the world
Plus: Command-basis exports of

-4.1
854.9

3.5
897.8

3.5
895.3

3.5
909.3

3.5
906.4

0
907.4

0
920.5

0
938.8

income receipts from the rest
of the world f

8,168.8 8,506.0 8,456.6 8,510.6 8,641.9 8,723.3 8,764.3 8,885.5

1,263.6 1,286.1 1,284.5 1,262.9 1,304.0 1,292.0 1,313.1 1,351.5

1,283.6 1,340.0 1,338.0 1,320.3 1,360.7 1,355.0 1,365.2 1,391.6

333.4

348.3

347.0

348.0

351.9

356.1

361.2

367.0

Equals: Command-basis gross
national product
8,188.9 8,559.9 8,510.1 8,568.0 8,698.7 8,786.3 8,816.3 8,925.6

934.5

954.8

951.4

957.7

962.0

978.5

984.1

991.6

27.9

28.8

28.7

28.8

29.0

29.3

29.5

29.7

Addendum:
Terms of trade 2

payments to persons
Equals: Personal income

6,951.1 7,358.9 7,296.3 7,413.6 7,530.8 7,630.2 7,732.6 7,831.4

Addenda:
Gross domestic income
Gross national income
Net domestic product

8,303.9 8,807.5 8,725.2 8,885.8 9,009.9 9,172.0 9,281.7 9,439.0
8,308.2 8,797.6 8,725.1 8,860.2 8,992.8 9,157.6 9,267.4 9,423.5
7,291.1 7,693.0 7,627.2 7,722.7 7,853.6 7,963.9 8,019.9 8,136.9




1999

III

8,300.8 8,759.9 8,683.7 8,797.9 8,947.6 9,072.7 9,146.2 9,297.8

844.0

1998

1998

101.6

104.2

104.2

104.5

104.3

104.9

104.0

103.0

1. Exports of goods and services and income receipts deflated by the implicit price deflator for imports of goods
and services and income payments.
2. Ratio of the implicit price deflator for exports of goods and services and income receipts to the corresponding
implicit price deflator for imports divided by 100.
. NOTE.-Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
Percent changes from preceding period for gross national product are shown in table 8.1.
Chain-type quantity indexes for the series in this table are shown in table 7.3.

D-6

• National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 1.16.—Gross Product of Corporate Business in Current Dollars
and Gross Product of Nonfinancial Corporate Business in Current and
Chained Dollars

Table 1.14.—National Income by Type of Income
[Billions of dollars]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1997

IV

II
National income

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

1999

1998

1998

Rental income of persons with
capital consumption
adjustment
Rental income of persons
Capital consumption
adjustment
Corporate profits with
inventory valuation and
capital consumption
adjustments
Corporate profits with
inventory valuation
adjustment
Profits before tax
Profits tax liability
Profits after tax
Dividends
Undistributed profits ...
Inventory valuation
adjustment
Capital consumption
adjustment
Net interest
Addenda:
Corporate profits after tax with
inventory valuation and
capital consumption
adjustments
Net cash flow with inventory
valuation and capital
consumption adjustments...
Undistributed profits with
inventory valuation and
capital consumption
adjustments
Consumption of fixed
capital
Less: Inventory valuation
adjustment
Equals: Net cash flow




1999

1998

6,634.9 7,036.4 6,977.6 7,087.1 7,193.8 7,334.5 7,423.1 7,522.1

Compensation of employees ... 4,675.7 5,011.2 4,967.0 5,053.6 5,134.7 5,217.7 5,287.1 5,373.6
3,884.7 4,189.5 4,149.7 4,227.9 4,300.8 4,371.5 4,432.6 4,509.4
Wage and salary accruals
664.4 692.8 689.3 696.7 702.8 715.8 721.3 730.3
Government
3,220.3 3,496.7 3,460.4 3,531.2 3,598.0 3,655.7 3,711.3 3,779.1
Other
Supplements to wages and
salaries
791.0 821.7 817.3 825.7 833.9 846.2 854.5 864.2
Employer contributions for
social insurance
290.1 306.0 303.8 308.1 311.8 318.3 321.5 325.7
Other labor income
500.9 515.7 513.5 517.7 522.1 528.0 533.0 538.5
Proprietors' income with
inventory valuation and
capital consumption
adjustments
Farm
Proprietors' income with
inventory valuation
adjustment
Capital consumption
adjustment
Nonfarm
Proprietors' income
Inventory valuation
adjustment
Capital consumption
adjustment

1998

578.6
29.5

606.1
25.1

594.2
18.7

606.4
22.9

637.1
41.1

639.9
32.5

655.3
34.1

654.0
21.0

37.2

32.7

26.4

30.5

48.6

39.6

41.2

28.8

-7.7
549.1
504.2

-7.6
581.0
532.2

-7.7
575.5
527.6

-7.6
583.6
534.6

-7.5
596.0
547.4

-7.2
607.5
558.9

-7.1
621.2
573.8

-7.9
633.0
586.2

.5

1.2

.1

1.3

1.1

.8

-1.0

-1.9

44.4

47.6

47.8

47.7

47.5

47.7

48.3

48.8

130.2
180.0

137.4
188.6

133.9
184.3

139.3
190.7

147.0
199.6

148.6
202.5

148.8
203.5

139.0
198.9

-49.9

-51.1

-50.5

-51.4

-52.6

-53.9

-54.7

-59.9

837.9

846.1

803.2
795.9
238.3
557.6
333.7
223.9

802.8
781.9
240.2
541.7
348.6
193.1

847.9

805.6
792.0
241.1
550.9
347.3
203.6

843.8

834.3

799.9
780.1
244.3
535.8
348.4
187.4

787.4
766.7
235.6
531.0
352.2
178.8

882.0

875.5

879.2

831.4
818.1
248.0
570.1
356.4
213.7

822.2
835.8
254.4
581.4
361.5
219.9

827.1
853.8
259.4
594.3
367.3
227.0

7.4

20.9

13.6

19.8

20.8

13.3

-13.6

-26.7

34.6

43.3

42.4

43.9

46.9

50.6

53.2

52.1

412.5

435.7

434.6

444.0

440.8

446.3

456.4

476.3

599.5

598.7

634.0

621.0

619.8

872.1

876.1

883.6

923.4

916.7

929.0

257.2

259.5

251.1

246.5

277.6

259.5

252.4

579.4

619.2

612.6

625.0

637.1

645.8

657.2

676.5

7.4
838.0

20.9
855.5

13.6
858.5

19.8
856.3

20.8
862.8

13.3
910.1

-13.6
930.3

-26.7
955.6

599.6

605.8

845.3

876.5

265.9

Billions of dollars
Gross product of
corporate business
Consumption of fixed capital
Net product
Indirect business tax and
nontax liability plus
business transfer payments
less subsidies
Domestic income
Compensation of
employees
Wage and salary
accruals
Supplements to wages
and salaries
Corporate profits with
inventory valuation and
capital consumption
adjustments
Profits before tax
Profits tax liability
Profits after tax
Dividends
Undistributed profits
Inventory valuation
adjustment
Capital consumption
adjustment
Net interest
Gross product of
financial corporate
business
Gross product of
nonfinancial corporate
business
Consumption of fixed capital
Net product
Indirect business tax and
nontax liability plus
business transfer payments
less subsidies
Domestic income
Compensation of
employees
Wage and salary
accruals
Supplements to wages
and salaries
Corporate profits with
inventory valuation and
capital consumption
adjustments
Profits before tax
Profits tax liability
Profits after tax
Dividends
Undistributed profits
Inventory valuation
adjustment
Capital consumption
adjustment
Net interest

5,088.3 5,445.3 5,390.9 5,495.9 5,571.7 5,673.5 5,740.1
579.4

619.2

612.6

625.0

637.1

645.8

657.2

676.5

4,508.9 4,826.0 4,778.3 4,870.9 4,934.6 5,027.7 5,083.0 5,159.1

535.1 564.0 557.0 563.3 584.9 583.4 591.4 600.7
,307.5 ,349.7
3,973.9 4,262.0 4,221.3 4,307.5 4,349.7 4,444.4 4.491.6 4,558.4
3,126.0 3,385.3 3,350.5 3,416.8 3,481.2 3,532.0 3.582.7 3,644.4
2,635.6 2,871.5 2,839.9 2,900.8 2,958.4 3,002.1 3,047.6 3,103.3
490.4

513.9

510.6

516.0

522.8

529.9

535.0

541.1

729.8
687.8
238.3
449.5
284.8
164.8

746.0
681.9
240.2
441.6
314.6
127.0

740.6
684.6
241.1
443.5
315.3
128.2

757.2
693.5
244.3
449.2
310.8
138.4

736.0
668.3
235.6
432.7
328.1
104.6

777.7
713.8
248.0
465.8
308.4
157.4

772.1
732.5
254.4
478.0
342.2
135.9

771.1
745.6
259.4
486.2
337.9
148.3

7.4

20.9

13.6

19.8

20.8

13.3

-13.6

-26.7

34.6
118.1

43.3
130.6

42.4
130.2

43.9
133.6

46.9
132.5

50.6
134.6

53.2
136.8

52.1
143.0

558.5

610.7

606.2

613.5

623.3

645.0

645.2

659.1

4,529.8 4,834.6 4,784.7 4,882.4 4,948.4 5,028.6 5,094.9 5,176.6
491.3

522.2

516.5

526.7

537.2

543.8

552.3

568.5

4,038.5 4,312.4 4,268.2 4,355.7 4,411.1 4,484.8 4,542.7 4,608.1

496.1 523.5 516.4 523.0 544.5 542.4 549.8 558.5
3,542.5 3,788.9 3.751.8 3,832.6 3,866.7 3,942.4 3,992.9 4,049.5
,542.5 ,788.9
2,860.1 3,090.4 3.059.9 3,118.6 3,174.6 3,223.8 3,270.0 3,326.3
2,408.4 2,618.7 2,590.8 2,645.1 2,695.5 2,737.9 2,779.4 2,830.1
451.7

471.7

469.1

473.5

479.0

486.0

490.7

496.2

562.8
503.6
158.8
344.7
219.8
124.9

575.0
490.6
152.5
338.1
245.4
92.7

568.6
492.4
153.1
339.3
245.5
93.7

588.5
503.9
157.1
346.9
242.9
104.0

568.0
479.8
148.8
331.0
256.9
74.0

592.5
508.6
157.9
350.6
241.5
109.1

594.7
534.2
166.9
367.3
267.9
99.4

589.2
541.8
169.3
372.5
264.6
108.0

7.4

20.9

13.6

19.8

20.8

13.3

-13.6

-26.7

51.8
119.6

63.5
123.5

62.6
123.3

64.8
125.5

67.4
124.1

70.6
126.1

74.1
128.1

74.1
134.0

Billions of chained (1996) dollars
Gross product of
nonfinancial corporate
businessl

4,501.0 4,803.4 4,758.4 4,844.8 4,911.2 4,981.7 5,035.0 5,116.7

Consumption of fixed capital 2 ....
494.9 537.7 532.2 543.2 554.3 564.0 576.9 599.7
Net product3
4,006.1 4,265.7 4,226.2 4,301.7 4,356.9 4,417.7 4,458.1 4,517.0
1. Chained-dollar gross product of nonfinancial corporate business equals the current-dollar product deflated by
the implicit price deflator for goods and structures in gross domestic product Effective with the estimates scheduled
for release on March 30, 2000, the current-dollar product will be deflated by a chain-type price index calculated
using aross product price indexes for each nonfinancial industry.
2. Chained-dollar consumption of fixed capital of nonfinancial corporate business is calculated as the product
of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996 current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100.
3. Chained-dollar net product of nonfinancial corporate business is the difference between the gross product and
the consumption of fixed capital.

D-7

National Data

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

2. Personal Income and OutlaysTable 2.2.—Personal Consumption Expenditures by Major Type of
Product

Table 2.1 .--Personal Income and Its Disposition
[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of dollars]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1998

1998

IV
Personal income
Wage and salary
disbursements
Private industries
Goods-producing
industries
Manufacturing
Distributive industries
Service industries
Government

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

1999
1997

I

3,888.9 4,186.0 4,146.2 4,224.4 4,297.3 4,371.5 4,432.6 4,509.4
3,224.4 3,493.2 3,457.0 3,527.7 3,594.5 3,655.7 3,711.3 3,779.1
975.5 1,038.7 1,032.2 1,045.6 1,056.6 1,062.9 1,075.1 1,090.2
718.8 757.5 754.5 762.3 765.6 767.0 774.8 786.4
879.1 944.6 935.3 953.5 969.9 986.3 997.6 1,013.4
1,369.8 1,509.9 1,489.5 1,528.6 1,568.0 1,606.6 1,638.5 1,675.5
664.4
689.3 696.7 702.8 715.8 721.3 730.3
500.9

515.7

513.5

517.7

522.1

528.0

533.0

538.5

Proprietors' income with
inventory valuation and
capital consumption
adjustments
Farm
Nonfarm

578.6
29.5
549.1

606.1
25.1
581.0

594.2
18.7
575.5

606.4
22.9
583.6

637.1
41.1
596.0

639.9
32.5
607.5

655.3
34.1
621.2

654.0
21.0
633.0

130.2

137.4

133.9

139.3

147.0

148.6

148.8

139.0

333.4

348.3

347.0

348.0

351.9

356.1

361.2

367.0

Personal interest income

854.9

897.8

895.3

909.3

906.4

907.4

920.5

938.8

962.4

983.6

980.0

986.5

991.0 1,007.8 1,013.6 1,021.3

Transfer payments to
persons
Old-age, survivors,
disability, and health
insurance benefits
Government unemployment
insurance benefits
Veterans benefits
Other transfer payments ....
Family assistancel
Other

565.8

578.1

576.5

579.6

581.1

588.9

593.0

599.0

20.0
22.5
354.1
17.6
336.5

19.8
23.3
362.3
17.1
345.2

19.2
23.2
361.1
17.1
344.0

20.6
23.3
362.9
17.1
345.8

19.9
23.6
366.4
17.3
349.1

20.5
24.3
374.1
16.9
357.2

20.3
24.1
376.2
16.3
359.9

20.2
24.3
377.8
15.4
362.4

Less: Personal
contributions for social
insurance

298.1

315.9

313.8

318.0

322.0

328.9

332.3

336.7

Less: Personal outlays

5,711.7 6,056.6 6,020.9 6,100.5 6,190.3 6,310.3 6,425.2 6,531.5

Personal consumption

Addenda:
Disposable personal income:
Total, billions of chained
(1996) dollars2
Per capita:
Current dollars
Chained (1996) dollars
Population (mid-period,
millions)

5,524.4 5,848.6 5,816.2 5,889.6 5,973.7 6,090.8 6,200.8 6,303.7
166.7 185.7 182.8 187.9 193.2 196.1 199.9 203.3
20.6

22.3

21.8

22.9

23.3

23.5

24.6

24.5

271.1

229.7

217.5

224.8

227.5

195.1

168.0

139.5

5,884.7 6,125.1 6,087.5 6,154.6 6,226.6 6,289.3 6,339.1 6,384.8
22,320 23,231 23,086 23,345 23,628 23,904 24,171 24,389
21,954 22,636 22,528 22,715 22,924 23,110 23,239 23,343
268.0

270.6

270.2

270.9

271.6

272.1

272.8

273.5

Personal saving as a
4.5

3.7

3.5

3.6

3.5

3.0

2.5

2.1

1. Consists of aid to families with dependent children and, beginning with 1996, assistance programs operating
under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996.
2. Equals disposable personal income deflated by the implicit price deflator for personal consumption expenditures.
NOTE.—Percent changes from preceding period for disposable personal income are shown in table 8.1.




Motor vehicles and parts ...
Furniture and household
equipment
Other
Nondurable goods
Food
Clothing and shoes
Gasoline, fuel oil, and other
energy goods
Gasoline and oil
Fuel oil and coal
Other

Housing
Household operation
Electricity and gas
Other household operation
Transportation
Medical care
Recreation
Other

5,524.4 5,848.6 5,816.2 5,889.6 5,973.7 6,090.8 6,200.8 6,303.7
642.9

698.2

693.9

696.9

722.8

739.0

751.6

761.8

263.1

289.2

288.2

285.6

304.4

306.8

313.8

318.1

249.5
130.3

268.7
140.3

265.8
139.8

270.6
140.8

275.3
143.1

283.8
148.3

287.3
150.5

292.0
151.8

1,641.7 1,708.9 1,701.2 1,716.6 1,742.9 1,787.8 1,824.8 1,853.9
817.0
271.2

853.4
286.3

847.6
287.1

857.6
286.6

875.6
289.2

885.4
301.8

893.4
306.7

903.9
308.1

141.4
126.2
15.2
412.1

126.2
112.9
13.2
442.9

127.7
114.1
13.6
438.8

125.2
111.8
13.4
447.3

120.9
108.3
12.6
457.2

120.1
106.5
13.7
480.5

136.3
121.7
14.6
488.4

144.6
129.3
15.4
497.3

3,239.8 3,441.5 3,421.1 3,476.1 3,508.0 3,564.0 3,624.3 3,688.0
809.8
332.7
130.4
202.4
234.4
850.2
205.3
807.4

855.9
346.9
128.1
218.8
245.2
894.3
221.0
878.2

850.0
348.0
131.4
216.6
244.9
890.1
218.7
869.4

861.8
356.0
134.6
221.5
246.2
223.0
890.1

874.3
347.3
122.9
224.5
247.7
910.5
226.1
902.1

885.6
356.2
128.3
227.9
250.3
922.5
233.1
916.4

897.3
360.3
129.4
230.9
254.0
933.0
241.0
938.8

907.6
366.8
133.8
233.0
256.5
948.1
252.1
956.8

Addenda:
271.7 254.3 259.1 259.7 243.8 248.4 265.7 278.5
Energy goods and services1
Personal consumption
expenditures less food and
energy
4,435.7 4,740.8 4,709.4 4,772.3 4,854.3 4,956.9 5,041.6 5,121.3
1. Consists of gasoline, fuel oil, and other energy goods and of electricity and gas.

Table 2.3.—fleal Personal Consumption Expenditures by Major Type of
Product
[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]

5,982.8 6,286.2 6,238.3 6,325.3 6,417.8 6,505.4 6,593.2 6,671.0

Equals: Personal saving

Durable goods

968.3 1,072.6 1,058.0 1,088.3 1,113.0 1,124.8 1,139.4 1,160.4

Equals: Disposable personal
income

Interest paid by persons
Personal transfer payments to
the rest of the world (net)

Personal consumption
expenditures

Services

Personal dividend income ...

Less: Personal tax and nontax
payments

1999

6,951.1 7,358.9 7,296,3 7,413.6 7,530.8 7,630.2 7,732.6 7,831.4

Other labor income

Rental income of persons
with capital consumption
adjustment

1998

1998

Personal consumption
expenditures
Durable goods
Motor vehicles and parts
Furniture and household
equipment
Other
Nondurable goods
Food
Clothing and shoes
Gasoline, fuel oil, and other
energy goods
Gasoline and oil
Fuel oil and coal
Other
Services
Housing
Household operation
Electricity and gas
Other household operation
Transportation
Medical care
Recreation
Other
Residual

5,433.7 5,698.6 5,675.6 5,730.7 5,795.8 5,888.4 5,961.8 6,033.3
657.4

731.5

723.9

731.2

766.0

788.8

806.1

821.2

263.8

291.9

291.7

286.7

307.4

310.4

317.2

319.6

262.1
131.6

297.4
142.7

290.4
141.9

301.7
143.7

312.6
146.5

326.7
152.9

335.5
154.7

346.0
157.6

1,619.9 1,685.3 1,681.9 1,692.0 1,712.6 1,749.5 1,763.7 1,779.3
799.1
271.1

820.6
292.2

818.2
293.1

823.0
292.2

835.4
295.6

839.5
314.7

844.6
316.8

850.0
321.6

141.3
126.2
15.1
408.5

142.1
127.7
14.5
430.6

142.5
127.9
14.7
428.3

143.1
128.5
14.7
433.9

141.9
127.7
14.2
439.4

142.9
127.1
15.8
452.6

143.9
127.5
16.4
458.6

144.5
128.2
16.3
463.5

3,156.7 3,284.5 3,272.2 3,309.6 3,322.0 3,356.5 3,399.2 3,440.6
786.5
327.1
127.5
199.6
226.3
831.0
199.1
786.6

805.6
344.3
129.6
214.7
234.2
854.4
208.8
837.3

804.1
344.7
132.2
212.6
234.4
852.7
206.5
829.9

353.7
136.6
217.2
234.6
856.4
210.3
847.1

812.0
345.4
125.7
219.6
236.1
862.2
212.8
853.6

818.4
354.0
131.1
222.8
237.7
865.6
218.4
862.7

823.1
358.8
132.2
226.4
239.9
872.0
225.0
880.8

828.5
364.4
135.4
228.9
242.4
880.9
232.4
892.6

-3.6

-3.0

-3.9

-5.0

-8.0

-8.9

-10.6

Addenda:
Energy goods and servicesl
268.8 271.8 274.8 280.2 267.3 274.1 276.2 280.0
Personal consumption
expenditures less food and
energy
4,365.9 4,605.9 4,582.6 4,628.0 4,691.7 4,773.8 4,839.9 4,902.3
1. Consists of gasoline, fuel oil, and other energy goods and of electricity and gas.
NOTE.-Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
The residual line is the difference between the first line and the sum of the most detailed lines.
Chain-type quantity indexes for the series in this table are shown in table 7.4.
Contributions to the percent change in real personal consumption expenditures are shown in table 8.3.

D-8

• National Data

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

3. Government Current Receipts and ExpendituresTable 3.1 .—Government Current Receipts and Expenditures
[Billions of dollars]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1998

1999

I

IV
Current receipts
Personal tax and nontax receipts
Corporate profits tax accruals
Indirect business tax and nontax accruals
Contributions for social insurance

Current expenditures
Consumption expenditures

2,440.5 2,611.8 2,586.8 2,635.3 2,680.2 2,716.6 2,754.4 2,800.5
968.3 1,072.6 1,058.0 1,088.3 1,113.0 1,124.8 1,139.4 1,160.4
238.3 240.2 241.1 244.3 235.6 248.0 254.4 259.4
645.8 677.0 670.1 676.6 697.8 696.6 706.7 718.3
588.2 621.9 617.6 626.1 633.8 647.2 653.8 662.3

2,461.8 2,523.1 2,512.4 2,525.9 2,566.3 2,570.3 2,598.7 2,617.8
1,222.9 1,261.0 1,260.1 1,265.2 1,282.1 1,299.4 1,313.7 1,341.5

Transfer payments (net)
To persons
To the rest of the world (net)

944.5
934.5
10.0

965.2
954.8
10.4

957.6
951.4
6.2

Net interest paid
Interest paid
To persons and business
To the rest of the world
Less: Interest received by government

275.7
369.2
281.2
88.1
93.5

276.4
368.4
277.3
91.1
92.0

277.9
370.1
278.3
91.8
92.2

Less: Dividends received by government

.3

.3

19.0
32.3
13.3

20.8
35.6
14.8

Subsidies less current surplus of government enterprises
Subsidies
.;.
...
„
Less: Current surplus of government enterprises
Less: Wage accruals less disbursements
Current surplus or deficit (-), national income and product accounts
Social insurance funds
Other
Addenda:
Net lending or net borrowing (-)
Current surplus or deficit (-), national income and product accounts
Plus: Consumption of fixed capital
Plus: Capital transfers received (net)
Less: Gross investment
Less: Net purchases of nonproduced assets




II

0

966.7
957.7
9.1
277.4
368.8
277.7

17.1
31.9
14.7

16.9
32.3
15.4

993.3 1,000.1
984.1
9.2

991.6
8.5

272.5
365.6
274.8
90.8
93.2

265.0

264.1
358.6

259.2
354.3
257.7

.3

91.1
91.4

985.3
978.5
6.8

.3

.3

31.4
46.4
15.0

21.0
38.0
16.9

27.9
44.9
17.0

980.7

962.0
18.7

358.1
267.4
90.7
93.1

266.0
92.6
94.5

96.6
95.1

17.3
34.6
17.3

0

0

-21.3

88.7

74.4

109.5

113.9

146.3

155.7

182.7

32.2
-53.5

57.3
31.4

54.9
19.5

59.6
49.9

67.0
46.9

72.7
73.6

76.4
79.3

79.7
103.0

-72.9
-21.3
180.5

34.4
88.7
186.2
32.6

27.5
74.4
184.8

49.4
109.5
186.9
31.6
273.5
5.1

58.2
113.9
189.1
34.8

75.6
146.3
192.0

272.6
7.0

289.8
8.0

86.9
155.7
194.5
37.9
292.2
8.9

108.9
182.7
197.2
34.5
295.7
9.9

26.8
258.1

.9

268.7
4.3

33.4
266.3
-1.2

0

0

0

35.1

0

0

January 2000

Table 3.2.—Federal Government Current Receipts and Expenditures

D-9

National Data

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 3.3.—State and Local Government Current Receipts and
Expenditures

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of dollars]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1998

II
Current receipts

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

1999

1998

1997

IV

750.9
743.1
7.8

835.7
827.6

824.0
815.9
8.1

847.3
839.1
8.2

868.1
859.8
8.3

877.9

8.1

8.5

892.1
883.4
8.8

908.0
899.0
9.0

Corporate profits tax accruals ....
Federal Reserve banks
Other

204.2
20.7
183.5

206.5
26.6
179.9

207.2
26.4
180.8

209.9
26.7
183.2

202.6
26.7
175.9

212.6
23.5
189.1

218.1
23.7
194.4

222.4
24.6
197.9

869.4

94.9
58.9
19.6
16.4

97.3
62.9
19.6
14.8

96.4
61.9
19.4
15.0

97.7
63.1
19.9
14.7

65.7
19.6
14.3

99.5
66.3
19.0
14.1

100.0
66.9
18.8
14.2

101.5
66.9
20.5
14.2

Contributions for social insurance

577.2

611.2

606.9

615.4

623.1

636.5

642.9

651.2

1,676.0 1,703.8 1,690.9 1,710.7 1,733.5 1,728.9 1,735.0 1,749.3

Consumption expenditures

457.0

453.5

457.4

451.4

460.0

467.0

465.2

475.0

Transfer payments (net)
To persons
To the rest of the world (net)

716.6

706.6
10.0

730.4
720.0
10.4

724.2
718.0
6.2

731.0
721.9
9.1

742.1
723.5
18.7

743.4
736.6
6.8

749.7
740.5
9.2

754.8
746.4
8.5

195.7

209.3

200.8

220.2

214.2

219.9

215.7

230.6

276.3
298.6
210.5
88.1

278.4
297.7

280.0
299.5

91.1

91.8

196.4
90.7

264.8
287.4
194.8
92.6

259.9

207.6

274.3
294.8
204.0
90.8

266.0
287.1

206.6

279.6
298.1
207.0
91.1

22.3

19.3

19.4

18.5

20.5

21.1

22.6

23.0

30.4
31.9

32.1
35.1

28.4
31.4

28.5
31.8

42.9
45.9

32.6
37.5

39.5
44.4

29.0
34.1

Net interest paid
Interest paid
To persons and business
To the rest of the world
Less: Interest received by
government
Subsidies less current surplus of
government enterprises
Subsidies
Less: Current surplus of
government enterprises
Less: Wage accruals less
disbursements

1.5
0

3.0

3.0

3.3

3.0

4.8

4.9

282.9
186.3

96.6

5.1
0

Social insurance funds
Other

0

0

0

0

0

-48.8

46.9

43.5

59.6

59.7

97.6

118.1

133.8

31.0
-79.9

56.4 53.9
-9.4 -10.4

58.6
1.0

66.3
-6.6

72.2
25.4

75.6
42.5

78.9
54.9

^3.8

Current surplus or deficit
(-), national income
and product accounts

51.1

55.3

58.3

60.8

96.2

108.3

120.4

-48.8

46.9

43.5

59.6

59.7

97.6

118.1

133.8

87.4

87.0

87.5

88.1

89.6

90.2

91.2

-8.4
80.8

-3.6
85.2

-1.5
84.8

-5.5
88.3

-3.4
86.7

-2.7
90.4

^.8
96.4

-9.7
94.9

-7.6

-5.6

-11.1

-5.0

-3.1

-2.1

-1.1

0

Addenda:
Net lending or net borrowing
Current surplus or deficit
(-), national income and
product accounts
Plus: Consumption of fixed
capital
Plus: Capital transfers
received (net)
Less: Gross investment
Less: Net purchases of
nonproduced assets




Current receipts

1999

IV

1,009.0 1,070.4 1,053.2 1,085.3 1,101.1 1,110.0 1,117.0 1,148.0

236.9
184.7
33.2
19.0

234.0
182.1
32.9
18.9

241.0
188.4
33.5
19.1

244.9
191.6
34.0
19.3

246.9
192.9
34.5
19.5

247.
192.5
35.1
19.7

252.4
197.0
35.6
19.8

33.8

33.9

34.4

33.1

35.4

36.4

37.0

218.7

579.6
284.3
225.5

573.8
282.8
225.6

579.0
284.8
226.4

598.2
291.1
226.3

597.1
298.5
229.5

616.8
309.5
236.1

62.9

69.8

65.4

67.7

80.8

69.1

606.8
303.7
232.8
70.3

11.0

10.7

10.7

10.7

10.7

10.7

10.9

11.2

195.7

209.3

200.8

71.2

72.7

72.8

72.9

72.7

72.0

71.9

72.1

-11.4
.4

-11.3
.5

-11.3
.5

-11.6

-11.6

-11.6
.5

-11.6

-11.7

11.8

11.7

11.7

12.0

12.1

12.1

12.1

12.2

0

0

0

27.5

41.7

30.9

49.9

54.2

48.7

37.6

48.9

1.2
26.4

.9
40.8

1.0
29.9

.9
48.9

.7
53.4

.6
48.2

.8
36.8

.8
48.1

-29.1

Indirect business tax and nontax
accruals
Excise taxes
Customs duties
Nontaxes

Grants-in-aid to State and local
governments

III

1,627.2 1,750.7 1,734.4 1,770.3 1,793.3 1,826.5 1,853.1 1,883.1

Personal tax and nontax receipts
Income taxes
Nontaxes

Current expenditures

1998

1998

-16.8

-27.8

-8.9

-2.6

-20.6

-21.4

-11.6

27.5

41.7

30.9

49.9

54.2

48.7

37.6

48.9

97.8

99.4

101.1

102.4

104.3

106.0

34.9
181.5

37.1
185.2

38.2
185.9

37.8
199.4

42.6
195.8

44.2
200.8

10.1

10.2

10.1

10.0

9.8

Personal tax and nontax receipts
Income taxes
Nontaxes
Other

217.4

Corporate profits tax accruals ....

34.0
550.9

Indirect business tax and nontax
accruals
Sales taxes
Property taxes
Other.!
Contributions for social insurance
Federal grants-in-aid
Current expenditures
Consumption expenditures
Transfer payments to persons ...
Net interest paid
Interest paid
Less: Interest received by
government

168.0
31.3
18.2

269.3

71.2

220.2 214.2 219.9 215.7 230.6
981.5 1,028.7 1,022.3 1,035.4 1,046.9 1,061.2 1,079.4 1,099.1
765.9 807.5 802.7 813.8 822.2 832.4 848.4 866.5
227.9 234.8 233.4 235.7 238.5 241.9 243.6 245.3
-2.2
-2.0
-2.2
-.6
-1.8 -1.0
-.7
-.6
70.7
70.7
70.6
70.6
71.2
70.8 71.0
71.5

Less: Dividends received by
government
Subsidies less current surplus of
government enterprises
Subsidies
Less: Current surplus of
government enterprises
Less: Wage accruals less
disbursements
Current surplus or deficit
(-), national income
and product accounts
Social insurance funds
Other

0

Addenda:
Net lending or net borrowing
Current surplus or deficit
(-), national income and
product accounts
Plus: Consumption of fixed
capital
Plus: Capital transfers
received (net)
Less: Gross investment
Less: Net purchases of
nonproduced assets

94.0
35.3
177.3

36.2
183.5

8.6

9.9

D-10

• National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 3.7.—Government Consumption Expenditures and Gross
Investment by Type

Table 3.8.—Real Government Consumption Expenditures and Gross
Investment by Type

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

Government consumption
expenditures and
gross investment1

1998

1997

1999

1998

1,481.0 1,529.7 1,526.5 1,538.7 1,554.8 1,589.1 1,605.9 1,637.2
537.8

538.7

542.2

539.7

546.7

557.4

561.6

569.8

National defense
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Services
Compensation of
general government
employees, except
own-account
investment3
Consumption of
general government
fixed capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software

352.5
304.5
20.7
7.5
276.3

348.6
299.9
21.0
7.0
271.9

347.9
301.2
20.6
6.7
273.9

354.7
302.5
21.8
7.6
273.1

352.9
303.4
21.4
6.9
275.1

355.8
304.6
20.4
6.4
277.8

354.3
300.8
21.1
7.4
272.3

365.4
312.1
22.4
9.8
279.9

132.0

131.0

130.7

131.1

129.9

133.2

132.9

133.3

62.7
81.6
48.0
5.7
42.3

61.6
79.3
48.7
5.4
43.3

61.5
81.6
46.8
5.0
41.7

61.5
80.4
52.2
5.9
46.3

61.5
83.6
49.5
5.1
44.4

62.2
82.4
51.2
5.4
45.8

62.3
77.1
53.5
5.3
48.2

62.7
83.9
53.4
5.2
48.2

Nondefense
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nonduraole goods
Commodity Credit
Corporation
inventory change ...
Other nondurables
Services
Compensation of
general government
employees, except
own-account
investment3
Consumption of
general government
fixed capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software

185.3
152.5
1.2
8.1

190.1
153.6
-.2
8.4

194.3
156.3
1.3
8.3

185.0
149.0
^.8
8.4

193.8
156.5
1.2
8.6

201.6
162.4
1.3
9.5

207.3
164.4
1.4
9.6

204.4
162.9
1.1
10.1

-.1
143.3

.1
8.2
145.5

0
8.2
146.6

.3
8.1
145.3

.4
8.2
146.8

1.1
8.4
151.7

.8
8.8
153.4

1.1
8.9
151.7

78.2

81.9

81.3

82.1

84.2

88.3

87.6

87.3

19.3
45.8
32.8
9.7
23.0

20.9
42.7
36.5
11.3
25.2

20.7
44.7
38.0
10.9
27.1

21.1
42.2
36.1
11.7
24.4

21.5
41.0
37.2
11.6
25.7

22.3
41.1
39.2
11.7
27.4

22.7
43.2
42.9
10.8
32.1

23.2
41.2
41.5
11.4
30.1

State and local
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Services
Compensation of general
government
employees, except
own-account
investment3
Consumption of general
government fixed
capital4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software ....

943.2
765.9
14.0
84.4
667.5

991.0
807.5
15.2
86.3
706.1

984.2
802.7
15.0
86.3
701.3

999.0 1,008.1 1,031.8 1,044.3 1,067.4
813.8 822.2 832.4 848.4 866.5
16.3
15.5
15.3
15.8
16.0
98.5
86.7
86.8
87.7
93.1
711.6 719.9 728.8 739.3 751.7

565.4

592.6

589.3

596.4

602.6

609.8

616.9

626.4

72.2
29.8
177.3
132.8
44.5

76.0
37.5
183.5
135.2
48.3

75.3
36.8
181.5
133.7
47.8

76.6
38.6
185.2
136.5
48.8

77.8
39.5
185.9
136.1
49.8

78.9
40.2
199.4
148.9
50.5

80.5
41.9
195.8
144.4
51.5

81.9
43.4
200.8
147.8
53.0

783.6
211.7
571.8

813.8
214.4
599.4

809.5
213.5
596.0

818.2
214.9
603.3

825.3
215.7
609.5

840.5
223.3
617.2

846.5
222.2
624.2

856.4
222.4
634.0

Federal

Addenda:
Compensation of general
government employees 3 ....
Federal
State and local

8.1

1,455.1 1,480.3 1,480.7 1,485.3 1,495.9 1,514.6 1,519.5 1,536.5
530.9

526.1

530.1

527.0

532.0

531.4

534.2

539J

National defense
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Services
Compensation of
general government
employees, except
own-account
investment3
Consumption of
general government
fixed capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software

348.3
299.4
20.8
7.7
271.0

341.7
291.4
21.2
8.1
262.3

341.6
293.4
20.8
7.6
265.0

347.5
293.6
22.0
8.9
263.0

344.9
293.6
21.6
8.1
263.9

341.4
289.5
20.6
7.7
261.2

339.2
284.9
21.3
8.5
255.4

348.3
294.0
22.7
10.4
261.5

128.3

124.3

124.4

124.3

122.6

121.5

121.0

121.2

62.6
80.0
48.7
5.5
43.2

62.2
75.9
50.3
5.1
45.3

62.2
78.5
48.1
4.8
43.4

62.1
76.6
54.0
5.5
48.6

62.1
79.3
51.4
4.8
46.8

62.1
77.8
52.1
5.0
47.2

62.1
72.4
54.6
4.9
49.9

62.2
78.2
54.5
4.7
50.0

Nondefense
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Commodity Credit
Corporation
inventory change ...
Other nondurables
Services
Compensation of
general government
employees, except
own-account
investment3
Consumption of
general government
fixed capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software

182.7
149.6
1.3
8.0

184.4
147.3
-.1
8.4

188.4
149.8
1.5
8.3

179.6
142.9
-4.5
8:5

187.1
149.1
1.3
8.8

189.9
150.8
1.5
10.4

194.9
152.1
1.7
10.6

191.3
149.8
1.4
11.4

-.1
8.2
140.3

.1
8.3
139.1

0
8.3
140.1

.3
8.1
138.8

.5
8.3
139.4

2.0
8.4
139.8

2.0
8.6
141.1

2.7
8.6
138.8

75.9

76.8

76.6

76.7

78.1

78.2

77.2

76.4

19.5
44.9
33.1
9.4
23.7

21.3
41.1
37.2
10.6
26.7

21.0
42.5
38.8
10.3
28.7

21.5
40.7
36.9
11.0
25.9

22.0
39.4
38.1
10.8
27.5

22.5
39.3
39.4
10.9
28.6

22.9
41.2
43.2
9.9
33.7

23.4
39.2
41.9
10.4
31.8

State and local
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Services
Compensation of general
government
employees, except
own-account
investment3
Consumption of general
government fixed
capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software ....

924.1
749.8
14.1
85.0
650.8

953.9
775.1
15.3
91.4
668.8

950.5
772.8
15.2
90.7
667.3

958.1
777.8
15.4
92.1
670.6

963.6
783.7
15.7
93.5
675.0

982.9
790.4
16.0
95.0
680.0

985.1
797.3
16.2
96.5
685.2

996.6
804.9
16.5
98.1
691.1

550.5

557.6

557.0

558.1

560.6

563.5

566.6

570.5

71.4
28.8
174.3
128.4
45.9

75.0
36.3
178.8
127.5
51.8

74.5
35.9
177.6
126.9
51.1

75.4
37.2
180.3
128.3
52.5

76.4
38.2
179.9
126.6
54.0

77.4
39.3
192.7
137.8
55.2

78.4
40.5
187.8
132.1
56.6

79.5
41.5
191.7
134.1
58.6

.1

-1.5

-1.2

-1.4

-2.3

-2.9

-4.1

-5.6

762.4
205.7
556.7

766.6
202.6
564.0

765.8
202.5
563.3

767.2
202.6
564.6

769.4
202.3
567.1

771.6
201.2
570.4

773.1
199.8
573.3

776.6
199.2
577.4

Federal

Residual

1. Gross government investment consists of general government and government enterprise expenditures for fixed
assets; inventory investment is included in government consumption expenditures.
2. Consumption expenditures for durable goods excludes expenditures classified as investment, except for goods
transferred to foreign countries by the Federal Government.
3. Compensation of government employees engaged in new own-account investment and related expenditures
for goods and services are classified as investment in structures and in software. The compensation of all general
government employees is shown in the addenda.
4. Consumption of fixed capital, or depreciation, is included in government consumption expenditures as a partial
measure of the value of the services of general government fixed assets; use of depreciation assumes a zero
net return on these assets.




Government consumption
expenditures and
gross investmentl

1999

1998

1998

Addenda:
Compensation of general
government employees 3 ....
Federal
State and local

NOTE.—Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
The residual line is the difference between the first line and the sum of the most detailed lines, excluding the
lines in the addenda.
See footnotes to table 3.7.
Chain-type quantity indexes for the series in this table are shown in table 7.11.
Contributions to percent change in real government consumption expenditures and gross investment are shown
in table 8.6.

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

National Data

D-ll

Table 3.10.—National Defense Consumption Expenditures and Gross
Investment

Table 3.11.—Real National Defense Consumption Expenditures and
Gross Investment

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1998

1998

II
National defense
consumption
expenditures and
gross investmentl

III

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

1999

IV

I

II

1999

1998

1997

III
National defense
consumption
expenditures and
gross investment1

352.5

348.6

347.9

354.7

352.9

355.8

354.3

365.4

348.3

341.7

341.6

347.5

344.9

341.4

339.2

348.3

Consumption expenditures

304.5

299.9

301.2

302.5

303.4

304.6

300.8

312.1

Consumption expenditures

299.4

291.4

293.4

293.6

293.6

289.5

284.9

294.0

Durable goods 2
Aircraft
Missiles
Ships
Vehicles
Electronics
Other durable goods

20.7

21.0
10.1

20.6
10.1

21.8

20.4

21.1

2.3
.6
.9
25
4.6

2.0
.6
.9
24
4.6

2.1
.6
.9
2.4
4.4

2.3
.7
.8
30
5.0

9.7
2.4
.7
1.0
2.6
4.5

21.2
10.2
2.4
.6
.7
2.6
4.6

20.8
10.2
2.0
.6
.7
2.6
4.6

22.0
10.0
3.1
.6
.7
2.7
5.0

2.6
4.4

20.6
9.8
2.2
.7
.6
2.7
4.7

21.3

9.7
2.1
8
.8
28
4.9

Durable goods 2
Aircraft
Missiles
Ships
Vehicles
Electronics
Other durable goods

21.6

9.6
2.2
.6
.7
25
4.7

22.4
10.4

20.8

9.8
3.0
6
.9
25
4.9

21.4
11.0

2.1
.8
.7
3.1
4.9

22.7
10.7
2.3
.8
.7
3.3
5.1

7.5

7.0

6.7

7.6

6.9

6.4

7.4

9.8

Nondurable goods

7.7

8.1

7.6

8.9

8.1

7.7

8.5

10.4

3.0
1.5
3.0

2.1
1.9
3.1

2.2
1.4
3,1

2.1
2.5
3.0

1.7
2.0
3.2

1.5
1.8
3.1

2.3
1.8
3.4

3.6
2.3
3.9

3.1
1.5
3.0

3.0
1.9
3.1

3.1
1.5
3.1

3.3
2.6
3.0

2.7
2.1
3.1

2.6
1.8
3.1

3.2
1.8
3.4

4.2
2.4
3.8

276.3

271.9

273.9

273.1

275.1

277.8

272.3

279.9

271.0

262.3

265.0

263.0

263.9

261.2

255.4

261.5

128.3
82.0
46.3

124.3
80.1
44.2

124.4
80.1
44.4

124.3
80.2
44.2

122.6
79.4
43.3

121.5
78.6
42.8

121.0
78.2
42.8

121.2
78.8
42.5

62.6
80.0

62.2
75.9

62.2
78.5

62.1
76.6

62.1
79.3

62.1
77.8

62.1
72.4

62.2
78.2

23.4
24.0
8.1
18.1

20.3
23.2
8.1
17.5

21.1
24.1
8.0
17.7

21.5
24.2
8.1
17.2

21.8
22.4
8.8
18.5

17.9
23.6
7.9
19.8

14.5

23.1
7.8
18.8

17.0
25.8
8.0
21.1

4.6
3.6

4.9
3.4

4.8
3.3

5.4
3.4

5.2
3.4

-1.5

-2.5

-1.0

5.7
3.4
-.6

6.0
3.4

-1.8

4.7
3.4
-.6

48.7

50.3

54.0

51.4

5.5
43.2
6.2
3.0
6.0
1.4
12.7
13.9

5.1

5.5

4.8

48.6
6.7
4.7
6.5
1.5

46.8
8.1
3.0

Nondurable goods
Petroleum products
Ammunition
Other nondurable goods ....
Services
Compensation of general
government employees,
except own-account
investment3
Military
Civilian
Consumption of general
government fixed
capital 4
Other services
Research and
development
Installation support
Weapons support
Personnel support
Transportation of
material
Travel of persons
Other
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software
Aircraft
Missiles
Ships
Vehicles
Electronics and software ....
Other equipment
Addendum:
Compensation of general
government employees 3 ....

9.6
2.4
.7
1.0
26
4.5

132.0
84.1
47.9

131.0
83.7
47.2

130.7
83.7
47.1

131.1
83.7
47.4

129.9
83.1
46.8

133.2
84.7
48.5

132.9
84.2
48.7

133.3
84.6
48.7

62.7
81.6

61.6
79.3

61.5
81.6

61.5
80.4

61.5
83.6

62.2
82.4

62.3
77.1

62.7
83.9

24.0
24.3

21 2
23.9

219

22 4
25.1

22 8
23.4

188

24.7

24.6

15.3
24.2

27.1

8.3

8.5

8.4

8.6

9.3

8.5

8.4

8.8

18.7

18.9

18.9

18.7

20.3

22.0

20.9

23.8

4.5
3.6

49
3.5

4.9
3.5

5.3
3.5

5.4
3.6

-1.7

-2.7

-1.0

5.6
3.6
-.7

6.0
3.6

-1.9

47
3.5
-.6

-1.4

-2.7

48.0

48.7

46.8

52.2

49.5

51.2

53.5

53.4

5.7

5.4

5.0

5.9

5.1

5.4

5.3

5.2

42.3

43.3

41.7

46.3

44.4

45.8

48.2

48.2

5.8
2.9
6.1

5.6
3.3
6.4

6.0
4.4
6.5

7.0
2.9
6.9

6.1
2.8
6.8

7.6
2.7
6.6

1 4
12.2
13.9

15
12.7
13.8

5.0
2.8
6.0
18

15
12.9
15.0

1 4
13.0
13.2

1 4
13.7
15.1

18
15.2
14.4

7.8
2.7
6.5
1.6

12.6
13.5

180

15.6
14.0

Petroleum products
Ammunition
Other nondurable goods ...
Services
Compensation of general
government employees,
except own-account
investment3
Military
Civilian
Consumption of general
government fixed
capital 4
Other services
Research and
development
Installation support
Weapons support
Personnel support
Transportation of
material
Travel of persons
Other
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software
Aircraft
Missiles
Ships
Vehicles
Electronics and software ...
Other equipment
Residual

132.6

131.5

131.2

131.6

130.5

133.8

133.5

133.9

1. Gross government investment consists of general government and government enterprise expenditures for fixed
assets; inventory investment is included in government consumption expenditures.
2. Consumption expenditures for durable goods excludes expenditures classified as investment, except for goods
transferred to foreign countries.
3. Compensation of government employees engaged in new own-account investment and related expenditures
for goods and services are classified as investment in structures and in software. The compensation of all general
government employees is shown in the addendum.
4. Consumption of fixed capital, or depreciation, is included in government consumption expenditures as a partial
measure of the value of the services of general government fixed assets; use of depreciation assumes a zero
net return on these assets.




:

Addendum:
Compensation of general
government employees 3 ...

45.3
6.2
3.5
6.4
1.5

13.8

.2

13.8
-.1

128.8

124.8

48.1
4.8
43.4
5.4
3.0
6.0
1.8
13.7
13.5

14.1
15.0

-.1

124.9

124.8

11.2
2.2
.6
.7

6.9
1.4
14.3
13.1
-.4

123.1

9.9

-1.2

-2.4

52.1

54.6

54.5

5.0

4.9

4.7

49.9
7.8
2.9
6.6

50.0
8.1
2.9
6.5
1.6
17.0
14.0

47.2
6.3
2.9
6.8
1.4
14.7
15.0

1.8
16.4

-.1

14.3
-.9

-1.4

122.0

121.5

121.7

. .. ..
.
t of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
The residual line is the difference between the first line and the sum of the most detailed lines, excluding the
line in the addendum.
Chain-type indexes for the series in this table are shown in table 7.12.
See footnotes to table 3.10.

D-12 • National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

4. Foreign TransactionsTable 4.1.—Foreign Transactions in the National Income and Product
Accounts

Table 4.2.—Real Exports and Imports of Goods and Services and
Receipts and Payments of Income

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

1997

1998

1997

1999

1998

1999
II

Receipts from the rest of
the world
Exports of goods and services .
Goods 1
Durable
Nondurable
;
Servicesl
Income receipts
Payments to the rest of
the world
Imports of goods and services .,
Goods 1
Durable
Nondurable
,
Services1
Income payments
Transfer payments (net)
From persons (net)
From government (net)
From business
Net foreign investment

1,250.6 1,251.6 1,253.0 1,225.5 1,262.7 1,250.7 1,274.3 1,316.2
960.1 949.1 981.8 966.9 978.2 1,008.5
968.0
689.0 681.3 671.8 667.2 693.3 674.3 680.5 708.8
512.2
483.5 487.2 477.8 479.4 498.3 486.7
205.4 194.0 194.0 187.8 195.0 187.6 190.7 196.6
279.0 285.1 288.2 281.9 288.6 292.6 297.7 299.7
282.6 285.3 292.9 276.4 280.8 283.8 296.1 307.7
1,250.6 1,251.6 1,253.0 1,225.5 1,262.7 1,250.7 1,274.3 1,316.2
1,056.3 1,115.9 1,114.0 1,114.8 1,143.1 1,168.5 1,224.0 1,286.6
885.1 930.4 928.9 927.2 952.6 974.3 1,022.3 1,079.3
587.3 636.1 632.3 632.0 659.5 676.6 701.7 732.5
297.8 294.3 296.7 295.2 293.2 297.7 320.6 346.7
171.2 185.5 185.1 187.7 190.4 194.2 201.7 207.4
278.4

295.2

292.9

302.0

297.9

298.2

310.4

323.2

39.6
20.6
10.0
9.0

42.0
22.3
10.4
9.3

37.4
21.8
6.2
9.3

41.3
22.9
9.1
9.3

51.6
23.3
18.7
9.6

39.7
23.5
6.8
9.5

43.6
24.6
9.2
9.8

42.7
24.5
8.5
9.8

-123.7 -201.5 -191.4 -232.6 -229.9 -255.7 -303.7 -336.3

1. Exports and imports of certain goods, primarily military equipment purchased and sold by the Federal Government, are included in services. Beginning with 1986, repairs and alterations of equipment are reclassified from goods
to services.




IV

Exports of goods and services
Goods l
Durable
Nondurable
Servicesl

985.4 1,007.1
708.1 722.8
498.3 513.5
209.9 209.3
277.5 284.4

997.2
709.3
501.8
207.5
287.7

712.0
507.5
204.4
281.1

Income receipts

278.1

279.2

286.9

270.3

I

II

1,030.8 1,016.4 1,026.4 1,054.8
744.2 726.4 734.1 763.3
529.3 518.2 522.8 548.2
214.9 208.1 211.2 214.9
287.0 289.9 292.2 292.2
274.0

276.0

286.6

296.5

Imports of goods and services 1,095.2 1,222.2 1,215.6 1,231.0 1,263.1 1,300.9 1,345.4 1,393.0
Goods 1
923.2 1,031.6 1,025.5 1,037.9 1,069.7 1,102.0 1,142.5 1,188.9
619.8 700.2 693.3 700.7 733.7 753.6 787.4 825.3
Durable
303.5 331.6 332.5 337.5 336.0 348.5 355.0 363.8
Nondurable
172.1 190.7 190.1 193.1 193.8 199.4 203.7 205.5
Servicesl
Income payments

274.4

289.6

287.7

295.8

291.3

290.7

301.1

311.8

1. Exports and imports of certain goods, primarily military equipment purchased and sold by the Federal Government, are included in services. Beginning wilt) 1986, repairs and alterations of equipment are reclassified from goods
to services.
NOTE.—Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
Chain-type quantity indexes for the series in this table are shown in table 7.9.

National Data

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

D-13

Table 4.3.—Exports and Imports of Goods and Services by Type of
Product

Table 4.4.—Real Exports and Imports of Goods and Services by Type of
Product

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1998

Exports of goods

1998

968.0

966.3
681.3

960.1

949.1

981.8

671.8

667.2

693.3

51.5

46.4

45.9

42.8

152.5
55.1
97.5

142.8
53.7
89.1

143.4
53.7
89.7

295.7

300.1

291.6

l

Foods, feeds, and beverages
Industrial supplies and

materials
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Capital goods, except
automotive
Civilian aircraft, engines,
and parts
Computers, peripherals,
and parts
Other
Automotive vehicles, engines,
and parts
Consumer goods, except
automotive
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Other
Exports of services l
Transfers under U.S. military
agency sales contracts
Travel
Other transportation
Royalties and license fees
Other private services
Other
Imports of goods and
services
Imports of goods 1
Industrial supplies and
materials, except petroleum
and products
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Petroleum and products
Capital goods, except
automotive
Civilian aircraft, engines,

1997

1999

1997

Exports of goods and
services

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

978.2 1,008.5
680.5 708.8

47.5

966.9
674.3
43.2

45.3

47.1

138.8
51.9
86.9

139.7
52.6
87.1

133.6
51.7
81.9

137.0
52.5
84.

142.6
53.8
88.8

299.0

309.2

301.7

299.5

319.3
53.9

41.4

53.5

46.5

56.2

63.6

56.6

48.7

49.4
205.0

45.2
201.3

45.1
200.0

44.8
198.0

45.6
200.0

44.1
200.9

46.5
204.3

48.2
217.2

74.0

73.2

72.6

68.2

74.7

71.4

75.0

76.0

77.4
39.8
37.6
37.8
279.0

79.3
40.5
38.7
39.5
285.1

79.2
40.3
38.8
39.3
288.2

80.3
41.2
39.1
37.9
281.9

79.2
40.3
38.9
43.0
288.6

79.6
39.5
40.1
44.8
292.6

79.1
40.5
38.7
44.5
297.7

80.6
41.5
39.0
43.2
299.7

16.8
73.3
20.8
27.0
33.8
85.6
21.8

16.3
71.3
20.0
25.5
36.8
92.1
23.1

17.3
73.0
20.7
25.1
36.0
93.2
22.9

15.1
68.6
20.2
25.4
36.1
93.1
23.4

15.1
71.8
19.4
26.3
39.6
93.0
23.5

16.5
72.6
20.0
26.0
37.3
96.4
23.8

16.0
73.5
21.0
26.9
37.6
98.6
24.2

16.5
73.0
21.3
27.6
37.4
99.3
24.5

1,143.1 1,168.5 1,224.0 1,286.6
1,056.3 1,115.9 1,114.0 1,114.8 1
885.1 930.4 928.9 927.2 952.6 974.3 1,022.3 1,079.3
44.2
41.7
41.6
43.8
41.3
39.7
41.3
41.2

Other transportation
Royalties and license fees
Other private services
Other
Addenda:
Exports of agricultural goods 2
Exports of nonagricultural
goods
Imports of nonpetroleum
goods

142.6
75.8
66.8
50.9

145.0
77.4
67.6
53.6

144.3
77.2
67.1
49.8

140.3
75.1
65.2
45.8

140.0
75.0
65.0
42.4

143.8
77.8
66.1
63.7

151.6
80.1
71.5
78.3

253.3

269.6

269.2

268.2

274.2

279.1

291.7

302.2

16.6
Computers, peripherals,
and parts
Other
Automotive vehicles, engines,
and parts
Consumer goods, except
automotive
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Other
Imports of services l
Direct defense expenditures...
Travel

135.4
69.2
66.2
71.8

21.8

22.6

22.5

24.2

22.2

22.6

24.9

70.2
166.5

72.5
175.3

71.7
174.9

71.6
174.1

74.7
175.3

77.6
179.3

82.0
187.1

82.5
194.7

139.8

149.1

145.4

144.3

161.2

171.6

175.1

186.2

193.9
99.4
94.5
51.2
171.2
11.7
52.1
18.1
29.0
9.4
43.9
7.0

216.7
111.5
105.2
60.4
185.5
12.8
56.1
19.8
30.5
11.3
47.7
7.4

217.1
111.7
105.5
57.3
185.1
12.2
56.7
19.8
30.4
10.8
48.1
7.2

219.0
112.2
106.8
60.3
187.7

229.2
115.8
113.5
70.3
194.2

13.1
56.3
20.3
30.8
10.9
48.7
7.6

221.1
114.7
106.4
68.5
190.4
13.6
56.5
20.5
31.4
11.7
49.1
7.6

14.0
59.4
20.5
30.9
12.7
49.3
7.4

232.8
121.5
111.4
71.4
201.7
14.4
60.0
21.3
33.2
13.0
52.2
7.7

243.0
127.2
115.8
73.7
207.4
15.4
60.9
21.8
36.1
11.9
53.3
7.9

58.4

53.1

52.8

49.2

54.3

47.3

49.0

51.8

630.5

628.2

619.0

618.0

638.9

627.0

631.4

657.0

813.3

879.5

875.3

877.3

906.8

931.9

958.7 1,001.0

1. Exports and imports of certain goods, primarily military equipment purchased and sold by the Federal Government, are included in services. Beginning with 1986, repairs and alterations of equipment are reclassified from goods
to services.
2. Includes parts of foods, feeds, and beverages, of nondurable industrial supplies and materials, and of nondurable nonautomotive consumer goods.




Exports of goods and
services
Exports of goods l
Foods, feeds, and beverages
Industrial supplies and
materials
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Capital goods, except
automotive
Civilian aircraft, engines,
and parts
Computers, peripherals,
and parts
Other
Automotive vehicles, engines,

1999

1998

1998

985.4 1,007.1
708.1 722.8
55.1
55.6

997.2
709.3
54.1

993.0 1,030.8 1,016.4 1,026.4 1,054.8
712.0 744.2 726.4 734.1 763.3
51.4
57.8
56.1
59.1
52.9

153.2
55.6
97.6

151.5
56.5
95.1

150.5
56.0
94.4

149.0
55.0
94.0

152.3
56.3
96.0

147.1
55.9
91.1

150.1
57.0
93.1

152.7
58.2
94.4

311.1

324.5

313.9

325.1

337.

329.6

328.4

352.1

40.0

51.1

44.4

53.7

60.4

53.2

45.6

50.3

57.4
213.8

59.9
212.7

58.4
210.9

61.0
209.5

63.1
212.3

62.6
213.4

67.1
217.;

71.4
231.9

73.4
Consumer goods, except
automotive
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Other
Exports of servicesl
Transfers under U.S. military
agency sales contracts
Travel
Passenger fares
Other transportation

72.5

71.9

67.6

73.9

70.5

74.0

74.8

76.8
39.4
37.4
38.2
277.5

78.7
40.2
38.4
40.9
284.4

78.5
40.0
38.5
40.4
287.7

79.8
41.0
38.8
39.4
281.1

78.8
40.2
38.6
44.9
287.0

79.3
39.5
39.8
46.9
289.9

78.9
40.
38.4
46.8
292.2

80.3
41.4
38.8
45.3
292.2

17.1
71.9
21.5
26.9
33.2
84.9
21.9
-.4

17.1
69.4
20.9
26.4
36.0
91.4
23.2
.3

18.0
71.2
22.0
25.8
35.2
92.4
23.1
.5

16.0
66.6
21.5
26.1
35.3
92.3
23.4
.4

16.1
69.
19.6
27.4
38.6
92.1
23.7

16.5
70.7
19.7
27.7
36.3
95.0
23.9

16.1
70.6
20.7
27.7
36.3
96.7
24.1
-1.9

16.5
70.1
20.6
27.7
36.0
97.2
24.0
-2.9

Other private services
Other
Residual
Imports of goods and
1,095.2 1,222.2 1,215.6 1,231.0 1,263.1 1,300.9 1,345.4 1,393.0
services
Imports of goods 1
923.2 1,031.6 1,025.5 1,037.9 1,069.7 1,102.0 1,142.5 1,188.9
47.2
43.7
42.8
39.3
42.2
Foods, feeds, and beverages
42.6
41.9
46.0
Industrial supplies and
materials, except petroleum
135.6 150.2 151.2 153.3 151.1 151.1 154.5 159.0
and products
78.9
78.2
81.2
79.6
68.0
Durable goods
80.2
78.7
80.7
72.3
71.9
77.8
71.4
Nondurable goods
73.7
67.6
73.0
72.3
84.4
81.4
82.7
79.2
85.3
Petroleum and products
76.1
84.9
80.6
Capital goods, except
automotive
286.0 328.3 326.3 330.3 339.6 347.5 370.5 390.0
Civilian aircraft, engines,
21.4
and parts
22.8
20.7
20.7
16.0
23.2
21.0
21.3
Computers, peripherals,
81.2 101.3
and parts
99.0 101.7 110.5 117.7 130.8 136.9
Other
188.9 206.7 205.7 207.3 207.3 211.7 223.0 234.0
Automotive vehicles, engines,
139.5 148.6 144.8 144.3 160.7 170.4 173.4 184.1
and parts
Consumer goods, except
196.3 222.3 222.7 225.5 227.3 235.7 240.8 251.6
automotive
101.7 117.1 117.0 118.6 121.0 122.3 129.1 135.5
Durable goods
94.6 105.3 105.7 107.0 106.4 113.4 111.9 116.3
Nondurable go<
60.4
68.1
70.7
51.5
72.2
74.3
57.5
60.1
Other
1
Imports of services
172.1 190.7 190.1 193.1 193.8 199.4 203.7 205.5
14.1
Direct defense expenditures...
14.4
14.6
15.4
12.8
16.2
17.0
14.5
58.7
Travel
58.9
59.4
62.5
52.2
62.7
63.1
58.2
18.5
Passenger fares
17.1
18.6
18.9
19.0
19.4
19.0
19.3
Other transportation
31.7
31.7
31.8
32.0
29.6
32.1
32.3
31.5
Royalties and license fees
10.5
10.6
12.3
9.2
11.0
11.4
11.4
12.5
49.1
49.3
Other private services
44.2
55.4
50.3
50.9
53.6
51.0
Other
7.1
7.6
7.4
7.0
7.3
7.7
7.5
7.6
-3.2
Residual
-2.3
-3.2
-1.3
-5.9
-.6
-5.5
Addenda:
61.4
62.6
58.7
Exports of agricultural goods 2
62.6
66.6
62.7
66.3
58.8
Exports of nonagriculturai
645.4 659.9 647.6 652.7 677.9 666.7 671.1 696.6
Imports of nonpetroleum
goods
847.0 949.4 941.6 953.3 987.7 1,018.2 1,054.4 1,102.9
;t of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
The residual line following the detail for exports is the difference between the aggregate "exports of goods and
services" and the sum of the detailed lines for exports of goods and exports of services. The residual line following
the detail for imports is the difference between the aggregate "imports of goods and services" and the sum of
the detailed lines for imports of goods and imports of services.
Chain-type quantity indexes for the series in this table are shown in table 7.10.
Contributions to the percent change in real exports and in real imports of goods and services are shown in
table 8.5.
See footnotes to table 4.3.

D-14

• National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

5. Saving and Investment.
Table 5.1 .—Gross Saving and Investment
[Billions of dollars]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1998

1998

1999
I

1,521.3 1,646.0 1,611.4 1,664.1 1,685.4 1,727.8 1,709.5 1,735.6

Gross saving

1,362.0 1,371.2 1,352.2 1,367.7 1,382.3 1,389.4 1,359.3 1,355.7
271.1 229.7 217.5 224.8 227.5 195.1 168.0 139.5
265.9 257.2 259.5 251.1 246.5 277.6 259.5 252.4
223.9 193.1 203.6 187.4 178.8 213.7 219.9 227.0
20.8
13.3 -13.6 -26.7
7.4
13.6
19.8
20.9
46.9
50.6
52.1
42.4
43.3
43.9
34.6
53.2
579.4 619.2 612.6 625.0 637.1 645.8 657.2 676.5
249.8 261.5 259.1 263.3 267.7 271.0 274.6 287.2
3.5
0
0
-4.1
3.5
3.5
3.5
0

Gross private saving
Personal saving
Undistributed corporate profits with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments
Undistributed profits
Inventory valuation adjustment
Capital consumption adjustment
Corporate consumption of fixed capital
Noncorporate consumption of fixed capital
Wage accruals less disbursements
Gross government saving
Federal
Consumption of fixed capital
Current surplus or deficit (-), national income and product accounts
State and local
Consumption of fixed capital
Current surplus or deficit (-), national income and product accounts

159.3
37.7
86.6
-48.8
121.5
94.0
27.5

274.8
134.3
87.4
46.9
140.5
98.8
41.7

259.2
130.5
87.0
43.5
128.7
97.8
30.9

296.4
147.1
87.5
59.6
149.3
99.4
49.9

303.0
147.8
88.1
59.7
155.2
101.1
54.2

338.3
187.2
89.6
97.6
151.1
102.4
48.7

350.2
208.3
90.2
118.1
141.9
104.3
37.6

379.9
225.1
91.2
133.8
154.8
106.0
48.9

1,518.1 1,598.4 1,569.9 1,576.2 1,623.0 1,628.4 1,574.0 1,594.4

Gross investment

1,383.7 1,531.2 1,495.0 1,535.3 1,580.3 1,594.3 1,585.4 1,635.0
258.1 268.7 266.3 273.5 272.6 289.8 292.2 295.7
-123.7 -201.5 -191.4 -232.6 -229.9 -255.7 -303.7 -336.3

Gross private domestic investment
Gross government investment
Net foreign investment

-3.2

-47.6

-41.5

-87.9

-62.4

18.3

Statistical discrepancy

18.8

18.6

19.0

18.9

-99.4 -135.5 -141.2

Addendum:
19.1

18.7

18.7

Table 5.4.—Private Fixed Investment by Type

Table 5.5.—Real Private Fixed Investment by Type

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1998

1999
IV

Private fixed investment
Nonresidential

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1,315.4 1,460.0 1,454.2 1,461.7 1,508.9 1,543.3 1,567.8 1,594.2
986.1 1,091.3 1,090.8 1,087.2 1,121.4 1,139.9 1,155.4 1,181.6
254.1

272.8

274.0

271.7

278.0

274.7

272.5

272.1

180.9
36.5

197.0
39.2

196.1
38.9

197.5
39.2

203.3
40.1

204.0
39.2

199.8
39.1

197.5
39.9

30.0
6.7

30.0
6.5

32.1
6.9

28.8
6.3

28.0
6.6

25.2
6.4

26.0
7.6

28.0
6.8

Equipment and software
Information processing
equipment and software
Computers and
peripheral equipmentl
Software2
Other
Industrial equipment
Transportation equipment
Other

732.1

818.5

816.8

815.4

843.4

865.2

882.9

909.5

315.4

356.9

353.3

361.0

369.7

382.3

401.7

416.8

76.7
106.6
132.1
142.3
150.9
123.5

88.5
123.4
144.9
150.2
176.0
135.5

88.6
120.7
144.1
149.7
177.2
136.5

89.1
126.2
145.8
150.9
164.9
138.6

90.5
131.2
148.0
151.4
187.0
135.3

92.3
135.5
154.5
147.9
193.1
142.0

96.4
140.7
164.6
149.3
193.6
138.3

100.8
145.8
170.2
153.0
204.9
134.7

329.2

368.7

363.4

374.5

387.5

403.4

412.4

412.7

321.3
164.4
22.9
134.0

360.4
189.5
24.5
146.5

355.1
185.5
23.9
145.8

366.1
194.0
24.1
148.0

379.1
202.2
24.8
152.1

394.6
211.8
27.7
155.1

403.6
213.7
27.5
162.4

403.6
211.7
27.8
164.1

7.9

8.3

8.3

8.4

8.5

8.7

8.9

9.0

Structures
Single family
Multifamily
Other structures
Equipment

1. Includes new computers and peripheral equipment only.
2. Excludes software "embedded," or bundled, in computers and other equipment.




1998

1999
IV

Structures
Nonresidential buildings,
including farm
Utilities
Mining exploration, shafts,
and wells
Other structures

Residential

1998

I
Private fixed investment
Nonresidential

I

1,316.0 1,471.8 1,466.7 1,474.0 1,522.5 1,555.9 1,581.0 1,607.3
995.7 1,122.5 1,120.2 1,120.3 1,160.8 1,182.7 1,202.9 1,234.3

Structures
Nonresidential buildings,
including farm
Utilities
Mining exploration, shafts,
and wells
Other structures

244.0

254.1

256.4

252.1

255.7

251.9

248.5

246.1

175.3
35.7

184.6
38.0

184.9
37.7

184.2
37.9

187.4
38.7

186.6
38.1

181.2
38.0

177.2
38.5

26.4
6.5

25.4
6.2

27.1
6.6

24.2
5.9

23.6
6.2

21.6
6.0

22.6
7.1

24.3
6.3

Equipment and software
Information processing
equipment and software
Computers and
peripheral equipment1
Software2 . .
Other
Industrial equipment
Transportation equipment
Other

751.9

870.6

865.5

870.6

908.5

935.7

960.9

996.6

339.4

418.5

409.4

427.4

448.5

470.4

501.0

526.0

99.0
109.4
132.7
141.3
149.6
122.2

154.2
129.2
147.1
148.1
175.3
132.3

146.9
126.2
146.3
147.9
177.0
133.8

160.4
131.9
148.3
148.7
164.2
135.1

178.3
137.8
150.9
148.9
185.8
131.0

193.4
141.6
157.8
145.0
190.8
137.0

212.9
147.0
168.4
146.6
191.6
133.3

233.5
152.0
174.7
150.0
204.0
130.1

320.6

350.2

347.4

354.2

362.6

373.7

378.8

375.1

312.7
159.8
21.9
131.0

341.8
180.3
21.8
139.8

339.0
177.8
21.6
139.7

345.8
184.0
21.2
140.7

354.0
189.3
21.1
143.7

364.8
195.8
23.3
145.7

369.7
195.8
22.9
151.1

365.9
191.7
22.9
151.5

9.1

9.2

-35.7

-46.6

-58.6

Residential
Structures
Single family
Multifamily
Other structures
Equipment
Residual

7.9

8.4

8.4

8.4

8.5

-2.7

-18.9

-15.2

-21.1

-28.7

1. Includes new computers and peripheral equipment only.
2. Excludes software "embedded," or bundled, in computers and other equipment.
NOTE.—Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
The residual line is the difference between the first line and the sum of the most detailed lines.
Chain-type quantity indexes for the series in this table are shown in table 7.6.
Contributions to the percent change in real private fixed investment are shown in table 8.4.

National Data

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

D-15

Table 5.10.—Change in Private Inventories by Industry Group

Table 5.11.—Real Change in Private Inventories by Industry Group

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

1997 1998

1998

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

1999

1997 1998

1998
III

Change in private inventories
Farm
Nonfarm
Change in book value *
.
Inventory valuation adjustment2
Manufacturing
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Wholesale trade
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Nonmerchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers3
Other3
Nondurable goods
Other
f..
Durable goods
Nondurable goods

68.3
2.8
65.6
54.4
11.1
22.0
14.1

7.9
24.0
15.0
9.1
21.5
13.4
8.1
2.6

1.6
1.0
10.7
5.9
4.2
1.7

71.2 40.8
.3 -10.8
70.9
45.7
25.2
24.1
16.4
7.8
22.4
16.0
6.4
19.6
14.0
5.7
2.8

51.6
36.6

2.1
.7

1.9
1.0
-3.1
-8.3
-7.3
-1.0
5.2

4.9
8.8
.7

11.1
5.3
1.3
4.0
5.8
13.2
1.3

8.2

12.0

15.0
27.0
21.5
5.5
13.3
6.2

7.1
10.4
4.3
6.1

2.9

14.4
1.6
12.8

73.7
-1.1
747

49.7
25.0
21.2
12.8
8.4
32.3
18.2
14.1
29.1
16.1
13.0
3.2
2.1
1.1
10.9
7.7
4.2
3-4
3.3
10.3
1.1
9.2

71.4

51.0

40.8

Change in private inventories

15.2
56.2
33.7
22.5

10.1
40.9 12.8 40.1
22.8 32.1 73.7
18.2 -19.3 -33.6
0
-7.8
1.6
1.7 -6.2
1.6
-1.7 -1.6
0
8.8 10.7 24.2
11.3 10.5 10.6
-2.6
.2 13.6
7.5
8.3 22.0
9.8
7.0
9.6
-2.3
1.3 12.4
2.4
2.2
1.3
1.0
1.5
3.5
1.2
-.2 -1.1
17.5
5.9 14.3
9.4
4.0 11.7
9.2
3.1
0
6.3
2.6
4.0
2.6
8.1
1.9
4.0
14.7
0
1.7 -2.0 -1.0
13.0
6.0
1.0

Farm
Nonfarm
Manufacturing
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Wholesale trade
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Nonmerchant wholesalers ....
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers l
Other1
Nondurable goods
Other
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Residual

11.5
6.5
5.1
16.3
15.2
1.1
13.9
13.6
.2
2.4
1.6

.9
15.6
16.0
7.6
8.4
-.4
12.8
1.0
11.8

17.6
4.8

1. This series is derived from the Census Bureau series "current cost inventories."
2. The inventory valuation adjustment (IVA) shown in this table differs from the IVA that adjusts business incomes. The IVA in this table reflects the mix of methods (such as first-in, first-out and last-in, first-out) underlying
inventories derived primarily from Census Bureau statistics (see footnote 1). This mix differs from that underlying
business income derived primarily from Internal Revenue Service statistics.
3. Inventories of auto and home supply stores are included in "other durable goods."




69.1
3.0
66.2
22.1
14.2
8.0
24.4
15.0
9.3
21.8

74.3

1.7
4.8
8.9
.7
8.3

73.2
25.1
16.9
8.1
23.4
16.3
7.1
20.4
14.2
6.2
3.0
2.1
.9
11.1
5.3
1.3
4.0
5.8
13.9
1.2
12.6

-.4

.1

13.5
8.4
2.5
1.6
1.0
10.8

5.9
4.3

43.1
-10.4
53.2
27.9
22.2
5.7
14.0
6.2
7.8
10.9
4.3
6.7
3.1
1.9
1.1
^3.1
-8.4
-7.5
-1.0
5.2
15.0
1.6
13.4
-.1

76.1
-2.1
77.5
22.2

13.4
8.8
33.8
18.6
15.3
30.4
16.5
14.0
3.4
2.1
1.3
11.0
7.7
4.3
3.4
3.3
10.8
1.1
9.7
.3

1999
IV
70.7
12.8
58.2

12.0
6.8
5.3
17.2

15.5
1.4
14.6
13.9
.5
2.6
1.6
1.0
15.5
16.0

7.6
8.4
-.3
13.6
1.0
12.6
-.5

50.1 14.0 38.0
7.4
-3.8
43.1 13.1 41.2
-S.3
1.7
0
1.8
1.8 -6.6
0
-1.8 - 1 . 7
11.1 25.1
9.5
11.0 11.1
11.8
.1 14.0
-2.4
8.2
8.6 22.8
10.2
7.3 10.0
-2.1
1.3 12.8
1.4
2.5
2.3
1.6
3.7
1.1
1.2
- . 3 -1.2
17.5
5.9 14.1
9.5
4.0 11.8
3.1
0
9.3
2.5
6.3
4.0
8.0
1.9
2.5
.1
15.7
4.1
1.7 -2.0 -1.0
1.1
14.0
6.3
.1
.5

1. Inventories of auto and home supply stores are included in "other durable goods."
NOTE.—Chained (1996) dollar series for real change in private inventories are calculated as the period-to-period
change in chained-dollar end-of-period inventories. Quarterly changes in end-of-period inventories are stated at annual rates. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity indexes uses weights of more than one period, the
corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive. The residual line is the difference between the first
line and the sum of the most detailed lines.

D-16 • National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 5.12.—Private Inventories and Domestic Final Sales of Business
by Industry Group

Table 5.13.—Real Private Inventories and Real Domestic Final Sales of
Business by Industry Group

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]

Seasonally adjusted quarterly totals
1998

IV
Private inventories
Farm
Nonfarm
Durable goods
Nondurable got
Manufacturing
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Wholesale trade
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Nonmerchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers2
Other2
Nondurable goods
Other
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Final sales of domestic business3
Final sales of goods and structures of
domestic business3
Ratio of private inventories to final sales of
domestic business
Private inventories to final sales
Nonfarm inventories to final sales
Nonfarm inventories to final sales of goods and
structures

Seasonally adjusted quarterly totals

1999

1998

I

IV

1,322.4 1,326.6 1,334.5 1,345.7 1,360.1 1,386.1
92.4
96.7
100.6
92.3
99.3
98.9
1,221.8 1,234.3 1,242.1 1,246.4 1,261.3 1,289.4
697.8 707.9
682.1 689.1 694.0
539.7 545.2 548.1 553.5 563.5 581.4
452.0 453.9 450.5 448.2 451.1 458.3
282.2 282.8 280.3 279.2 279.4 282.5
169.8 171.0 170.2 169.0 171.6 175.8
332.0 338.1 341.8 340.9 345.1 355.6
212.6 216.0 218.9 217.9 220.9 224.1
119.4 122.1 122.9 123.1 124.3 131.6
287.5 293.0 296.6 295.4 298.2 307.0
185.1 188.2 190.8 189.9 192.0 194.9
102.3 104.9 105.8 105.4 106.2 112.1
48.6
45.0
45.3
45.5
44.5
46.9
28.1
27.9
27.9
29.2
27.5
28.8
17.1
19.5
17.1
17.2
17.6
18.1
335.9 339.4 344.0 347.3 351.1 358.1
179.6 182.3 186.6 187.1 189.2 193.5
93.6
95.8
95.3
95.8
99.6
91.8
88.6
91.8
93.4
93.8
87.9
90.9
156.2 157.1 157.4 160.2 161.9 164.7
101.9 103.0 105.7 109.9 113.9 117.3
8.6
7.9
8.1
8.3
7.9
7.6
94.2
97.6 101.3 105.7 109.4
95.1
607.7 613.2 624.7 634.8 642.6 651.8
333.1

335.3

344.0

350.1

353.6

357.8

2.18
2.01

2.16
2.01

2.14
1.99

2.12
1.96

2.12
1.96

2.13
1.98

3.67

3.68

3.61

3.56

3.57

3.60

1. Inventories are as of the end of the quarter. The quarter-to-quarter change in inventories calculated from current-dollar inventories in this table is not the current-dollar change in the private inventories component of GDP.
The former is the difference between two inventory stocks, each valued at its respective end-of-quarter prices. The
latter is the change in the physical volume of inventories valued at average prices of the quarter. In addition,
changes calculated from this table are at quarterly rates, whereas, the change in private inventories is stated at
annual rates.
2. Inventories of auto and home supply stores are included in "other durable goods."
3. Quarterly totals at monthly rates. Final sales of domestic business equals final sales of domestic product less
gross product of households and institutions and of general government, and it includes a small amount of final
sales by farm and by government enterprises.




1999

Private inventoriesl
Farm
Nonfarm
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Manufacturing
Durable goods
NonduraBle goods
Wholesale trade
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Nonmerchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Retail trade
Durable goods
Motor vehicle dealers2
Other2
Nondurable goods
Other
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Residual
Final sales of domestic business3
Final sales of goods and structures of
domestic business3
Ratio of private inventories to final sales of
domestic business
Private inventories to final sales
Nonfarm inventories to final sales
Nonfarm inventories to final sales of goods and
structures

I

1,358.6 1,377.6 1,395.3 1,407.8 1,411.3 1,420.8
104.9 104.4 107.6 109.4 109.7 108.7
1,253.5 1,272.9 1,287.4 1,298.2 1,301.4 1,311.7
696.1 706.3 716.2 722.5 724.1 730.0
557.4 566.6 571.2 575.7 577.3 581.7
468.6 474.2 477.2 477.2 475.1 475.5
291.2 294.6 296.2 296.7 295.1 295.5
177.4 179.6 180.9 180.5 180.0 180.0
342.7 351.2 355.4 357.8 360.6 366.9
216.1 220.7 224.6 227.6 230.3 233.1
126.6 130.4 130.8 130.2 130.2 133.7
296.4 304.0 307.6 309.7 311.8 317.5
188.1 192.2 195.7 198.3 200.1 202.6
108.2 111.8 111.9 111.3 111.7 114.9
47.2
47.8
46.3
48.8
49.4
48.1
28.9
28.0
28.5
30.2
30.5
29.3
18.7
18.9
18.4
18.6
18.9
18.8
336.2 339.0 342.9 347.2 348.7 352.2
181.4 183.3 187.3 189.7 190.7 193.6
97.8
94.0
95.1
97.0
97.8 100.1
91.9
87.4
88.2
90.3
92.9
93.5
154.8 155.6 155.5 157.5 158.0 158.6
106.2 108.9 112.3 116.2 117.2 117.2
8.5
7.7
7.5
7.8
8.1
8.0
98.6 101.0 104.2 107.7 109.3 109.5
.1
.1
.1
.1
-.1
.3
593.3 597.0 607.4 615.0 620.7 628.3
330.8

332.5

341.4

346.7

349.3

353.3

2.29
2.11

2.31
2.13

2.30
2.12

2.29
2.11

2.27
2.10

2.26
2.09

3.79

3.83

3.77

3.74

3.73

3.71

1. Inventories are as of the end of the quarter. The quarter-to-quarter changes calculated from this table are
at quarterly rates, whereas the change in private inventories component of GDP is stated at annual rates.
2. Inventories of auto and home supply stores are included in "other durable goods."
3. Quarterly totals at monthly rates. Final sales of domestic business equals final sales of domestic product less
gross product of households and institutions and of general government, and it includes a small amount of final
sales by farm and by government enterprises.
NOTE.—Chained (1996) dollar inventory series are calculated to ensure that the chained (1996) dollar change
in inventories for 1996 equals the current-dollar change in inventories for 1996 and that the average of the 1995
and 1996 end-of-year chain-weighted and fixed-weighted inventories are equal. Chained (1996) dollar final sales
are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996 current-dollar value of the corresponding
series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity indexes uses weights of more than one
period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive. The residual line is the difference between the first line and the sum of the most detailed lines for inventories.

D-17

National Data

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

6. Income and Employment by Industry.
Table 6.16C—Corporate Profits by Industry Group

Table 6.1 C—National Income Without Capital Consumption Adjustment
by Industry Group

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of dollars]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

Domestic industries
Private industries
Agriculture, forestry, and
fishing
Mining
Construction
Manufacturing
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Transportation and public
utilities
Transportation
Communications
Electric, gas, and
sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance, insurance, and
real estate
Services ,
.
Government
Rest of the world

IV

Corporate profits with inventory
valuation and capital
consumption adjustments

6,613.4 7,004.4 6,945.7 7,054.5 7,159.6 7,297.4 7,383.3 7,488.9
6,609.2 7,014.3 6,945.7 7,080.1 7,176.7 7,311.9 7,397.6
5,731.7 6,104.4 6,040.4

6,165.5 6,253.4 6,373.9 6,453.1 6,549.4

Financial
Nonfinancial
Rest of the world

101.9
58.6
314.2

102.5
54.7
342.0

95.2
54.9
337.9

100.4
53.5
345.4

121.7
51.7
355.2

113.8
49.9
364.1

1,124.3 1,155.9 1,153.4 1,165.4 1,157.7 1,171..4
654.0 689.0 682.3 694.1 703.2 699.0
470.3 466.9 471.1 471.3 454.5 472.4

116.8
49.2

371.0

105.2
51.4
375.2

1 ,178.8 1,191.0
706.5
472.3

711.7
479.3

497.5
208.4
157.1

526.2
222.3
166.9

517.5
219.8
163.6

532.7
224.5
169.0

534.6
227.5
167.6

545.1
228.8
174.7

543.9
229.0
176.0

561.6
234.5
181.0

132.0

137.0

134.1

139.2

139.4

141.7

138.9

146.1

382.2
545.7

410.2
580.8

409.8
576.7

416.7
584.9

414.2
591.5

423.5
609.8

429.5
618.6

432.5
618.8

1,186.4 1,274.3 1,260.9 1,288.1 1,311.0 1,348.3 1,361.5 1,392.0
1,520.9 1,657.8 1,634.1 1,678.3 1,715.8 1,748.0 1,783.8 1,821.8
877.5
4.3

909.9
-9.9

905.3
0

914.6

923.3

938.0

944.5

955.0

-25.6

-17.1

-14.4

-14.3

-15.5

NOTE.— Estimates in this table are based on the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification.




7,504.4

Domestic industries

Receipts from the rest of the world
Less: Payments to the rest of the world
Corporate profits with inventory
valuation adjustment

1999

1998

1998

III
III

National income without
capital consumption
adjustment

1997

1998

IV

837.9 846.1 847.9 843.8

834.3 882.0 875.5 879.2

729.8 746.0 740.6 757.2

736.0 777.7 772.1

771.1

167.0 171.0 172.0 168.7 168.0 185.2 177.4 181.8
562.8 575.0 568.6 588.5 568.0 592.5 594.7 589.2
108.1 100.0 107.4

86.6

98.3 104.3 103.3 108.1

159.7 148.4 154.9 137.1 146.8
51.6 48.4 47.5 50.5 48.5
803.2 802.8

718.9
198.3
24.5

16.6

18.6

17.1

16.2 16.9 21.4 20.5 19.6
5.7
9.8 10.7 10.4
6.6
30.9 33.1 33.7 31.6 32.0
79.5 74.7 55.5 70.5 67.0
20.1 21.3
7.1 17.2 18.6
18.8 19.0 20.0 25.1 20.8
11.0
-.3
6.8 4.1 -.9
29.5 27.5
24.2 29.0 28.0
105.0 113.0 106.9 111.9 107.9
18.9 20.1 19.7 18.3 17.2
47.8 51.2 46.8 52.2 52.5
38.4 41.7 40.5 41.5 38.2
50.1 49.7 41.2 43.4 44.3
69.7 69.3 69.0 75.7 75.4
111.9 119.9 121.7 119.8 125.2

20.8

Rest of the world

108.1 100.0 107.4

14.6

104.7 109.0
18.5 19.4
47.4 49.3
38.8 40.2
46.8 47.2
63.7 69.8
110.1 117.1

719.0
203.9
25.5

727.1
205.3
24.3
180.9
521.9
171.0
100.5
1.7
19.4

695.1
184.2
23.3
160.9
510.9
185.6
93.3

13.5

164.1 169.5
60.8 61.4

805.6 799.9 787.4 831.4 822.2 827.1

713.2 689.1
702.8
191.3 192.2 189.5 188.6
24.6 24.4 24.7 24.7
166.7 167.8 164.8 163.9
511.5 506.0 523.7 500.6
168.4 169.2 171.9 161.7
95.1 89.7 97.2 106.3
5.1 5.4 5.4 5.0 5.0
16.7 17.3
17.0 19.9 17.0

Domestic industries
Financial
Federal Reserve banks
Other
Nonfinancial
Manufacturing
Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and
equipment
Electronic and other electric
equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other
Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products ....
Other
Transportation and public utilities
Transportation
Communications
Electric, gas, and sanitary services
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Other

18.2
22.1
4.9 7.5
30.9 32.2
92.3 73.3
22.1
17.0
26.0 20.6
16.0
8.3
28.2 27.3

157.0
52.7

14.6

15.7

86.6

19.4

173.7 178.4
520.6 515.1
167.8 163.1
100.7 94.4
1.2
.4
19.0 19.4

9.5
27.2
68.7
18.7
17.4
3.6
29.0
117.3
17.7
56.4
43.2
39.1
67.7
127.9

98.3 104.3 103.3 108.1

NOTE.— Estimates in this table are based on the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification.

D-18

• National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

7. Quantity and Price IndexesTable 7.1.—Quantity and Price Indexes for Gross Domestic Product
[Index numbers, 1996=100]
Seasonally adjusted

Seasonally adjusted

1999

1997

1998

106.24
104.50
10.1.66
101.66

112.12
109.00
102.86
102.86

111.14
108.24
102.70
102.68

112.60
109.25
103.06
103.07

114.52
110.83
103.28
103.33

116.12
111.84
103.79
103.83

117.06
112.36
104.13
104.19

119.00
113.92
104.41
104.46

105.48
103.75
101.67
101.67

111.67
108.80
102.63
102.63

111.05
108.36
102.48
102.48

112.45
109.42
102.78
102.77

114.06
110.66
103.08
103.07

116.29
112.43
103.44
103.44

118.39
113.83
104.01
104.01

120.36
115.19
104.49
104.48

Exports of goods:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index ...
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

111.41 110.17 108.64 107.89 112.11 109.04 110.04 114.61
114.51 116.89 114.69 115.14 120.35 117.46 118.71 123.43
97.29 94.25 94.71 93.70 93.15 92.83 92.69 92.85
97.29 94.25 94.72 93.70 93.15 92.83 92.69 92.85

Durable goods:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index ...
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

104.28 113.26 112.56 113.05 117.25 119.88 121.92 123.58
106.63 118.66 117.42 118.62 124.26 127.95 130.76 133.21
97.79 95.45 95.83 95.29 94.34 93.67 93.22 92.75
97.79 95.45 95.85 95.31 94.36 93.69 93.24 92.77

Exports of services:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index ...
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

109.10
108.49
100.56
100.56

Nondurable goods:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index ...
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

104.30
102.92
101.35
101.35

108.56
107.07
101.40
101.40

108.08
106.85
101.15
101.15

109.05
107.49
101.46
101.45

110.73
108.80
101.78
101.77

113.58
111.15
102.19
102.19

115.93
112.05
103.47
103.47

117.78
113.04
104.20
104.19

Imports of goods and services:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

109.67 115.86 115.67 115.75 118.68 121.32 127.09 133.59
113.72 126.89 126.21 127.81 131.14 135.07 139.69 144.63
96.45 91.31 91.63 90.55 90.48 89.81 90.96 92.35
96.45 91.31 91.65 90.56 90.50 89.82 90.98 92.36

106.33
103.60
102.63
102.63

112.95
107.80
104.78
104.78

112.28
107.39
104.56
104.55

114.08
108.62
105.04
105.03

115.13
109.03
105.60
105.60

116.97
110.16
106.19
106.18

118.95
111.56
106.63
106.62

121.04
112.92
107.19
107.19

Imports of goods:
Current dollars
Chajn-type quantity index ...
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

109.50 115.10 114.92 114.70 117.85 120.53 126.47 133.51
114.21 127.62 126.87 128.40 132.33 136.33 141.34 147.08
95.88 90.19 90.55 89.30 89.03 88.38 89.46 90.75
95.88 90.19 90.58 89.33 89.06 88.41 89.48 90.78

Imports of services:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index ...
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

110.60 119.86 119.58 121.24 123.03 125.48 130.28 133.97
111.19 123.21 122.83 124.75 125.24 128.81 131.58 132.74
99.47 97.29 97.36 97.21 98.26 97.43 99.03 100.95
99.47 97.29 97.35 97.19 98.24 97.41 99.02 100.93

Gross domestic product:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index ...
Implicit price deflator
Personal consumption
expenditures:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

...

1998

1997

Services:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index ...
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Gross private domestic
investment:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index ,
Implicit price deflator

111.35 123.22 120.30 123.55 127.17 128.30 127.58 131.57
111.51 124.52 121.76 124.82 128.26 129.41 128.74 132.90
99.84 98.96 98.93 98.89 98.85 98.87 98.78 98.70
99.85 98.95 98.80 98.98 99.14 99.14 99.10 99.00

Fixed investment:
Current dollars
Chajn-type quantity index ...
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

108.47 120.40 119.92 120.53 124.43 127.26 129.28 131.46
108.52 121.37 120.95 121.55 125.55 128.30 130.37 132.54
99.95 99.20 99.15 99.16 99.11 99.19 99.17 99.19
99.95 99.20 99.15 99.16 99.11 99.19 99.17 99.19

Nonresidential:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index ...
Implicit price deflator

109.64 121.33 121.27 120.87 124.67 126.74 128.46 131.37
110.71 124.80 124.54 124.56 129.06 131.49 133.74 137.23
99.04 97.22 97.36 97.03 96.60 96.38 96.04 95.72
99.04 97.22 97.37 97.04 96.60 96.39 96.05 95.73

Structures:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity
index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Equipment and
software:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity
index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Residential:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index ...
Implicit price deflator

112.93 121.25 121.77 120.78 123.56 122.12 121.12 120.94

Government consumption
expenditures and gross
investment:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Federal:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index ...
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

1999

110.73 110.54 109.83 108.57 112.32 110.61 111.90 115.36
112.73 115.21 114.07 113.60 117.92 116.27 117.41 120.66
98.23 95.95 96.27 95.57 95.25 95.13 95.30 95.61
98.23 95.95 96.28 95.57 95.25 95.13 95.30 95.61

104.15
102.33
101.78
101.78

111.46
111.19
100.24
100.24

107.58
104.10
103.34
103.34

112.70
112.48
100.20
100.20

107.35
104.13
103.10
103.09

110.23
109.93
100.27
100.27

108.21
104.46
103.60
103.59

101.17 101.33 102.00 101.52
99.88 98.97 99.71 99.14
101.30 102.38 102.30 102.41
101.30 102.39 102.30 102.41

112.83
112.22
100.55
100.55

109.34
105.20
103.94
103.94

114.41
113.35
100.94
100.94

111.76
106.52
104.93
104.92

116.39
114.24
101.88
101.88

112.93
106.86
105.69
105.68

117.18
114.26
102.56
102.56

115.14
108.06
106.56
106.55

102.84 104.85 105.64 107.20
100.08 99.97 100.49 101.52
102.76 104.89 105.13 105.60
102.75 104.89 105.12 105.59

108.45 112.93 113.98 112.05 113.64 111.96 110.44 109.37
104.14 107.37 106.85 107.79 108.73 109.07 109.67 110.58
104.14 107.37 106.84 107.79 108.73 109.07 109.67 110.58

National defense:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index ...
Implicit price deflator

98.74 97.65 97.46 99.34 98.85 99.66 99.25 102.36
97.55 95.71 95.69 97.33 96.61 95.64 95.01 97.56
101.22 102.03 101.85 102.07 102.32 104.21 104.47 104.93
101.22 102.03 101.85 102.07 102.32 104.20 104.46 104.92

108.54 121.36 121.11 120.90 125.05 128.28 130.90 134.85

Nondefense:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index ...
Implicit price deflator

106.14
104.63
101.45
101.44

108.87
105.63
103.07
103.07

111.30
107.89
103.15
103.16

105.98
102.85
103.05
103.04

110.99
107.16
103.59
103.58

115.48
108.77
106.18
106.17

118.72
111.62
106.37
106.36

117.10
109.59
106.85
106.85

State and local:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index ...
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

105.93
103.79
102.06
102.06

111.31
107.14
103.89
103.89

110.54
106.75
103.56
103.55

112.20
107.61
104.27
104.27

113.22
108.23
104.62
104.61

115.88
110.39
104.98
104.97

117.29
110.64
106.02
106.01

119.88
111.93
107.11
107.10

111.48 129.09 128.33 129.09 134.70 138.74 142.47 147.77
97.37 94.01 94.34 93.64 92.81 92.44 91.86 91.24
97.37 94.01 94.37 93.66 92.83 92.46 91.88 91.25
105.09
102.35
102.68
102.68

117.71
111.78
105.30
105.30

116.02
110.91
104.64
104.61

119.55
113.07
105.76
105.73

123.71
115.74
106.93
106.89

128.76
119.30
107.97
107.93

131.66
120.91
108.93
108.89

131.73
119.75
110.04
110.01

NOTE.—Chain-type quantity and price indexes are calculated from weighted averages of the detailed output and
prices used to prepare each aggregate and component. Implicit price deflators are weighted averages of the detailed
price indexes used to prepare each aggregate and component and are calculated as the ratio of current- to chaineddollar output multiplied by 100.




Exports of goods and
services:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

1998

1998

Percent changes from preceding period for items in this table are shown in table 8.1. Contributions to the percent
change in real gross domestic product are shown in table 8.2.

National Data •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

D-19

Table 7.2.—Quantity and Price Indexes for Gross Domestic Product,
Final Sales, and Purchases

Table 7.4.—Chain-Type Quantity and Price Indexes for Personal
Consumption Expenditures by Major Type of Product

[Index numbers, 1996=100]

[Index numbers, 1996=100]
Seasonally adjusted

1997

Gross domestic product:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index ...
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

1998

106.24
104.50
101.66
101,66

112.12
109.00
102.86
102.86

1998

111.14
108.24
102.70
102.68

112.60
109.25
103.06
103.07

Seasonally adjusted
1999

114.52
110.83
103.28
103.33

116.12
111.84
103.79
103.83

117.06
112.36
104.13
104.19

1997

119.00
113.92
104.41
104.46

105.77
104.02
101.69
101.69

111.63
108.46
102.93
102.93

111.05
108.06
102.77
102.76

112.09
108.69
103.13
103.13

114.04
110.34
103.36
103.35

115.91
111.59
103.88
103.87

117.29
112.52
104.24
104.23

118.94
113.78
104.54
104.53

Gross domestic purchases:
Current dollars
,....
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

106.16
104.71
101.39
101.39

112.75
110.39
102.14
102.14

111.84
109.68
101.99
101.97

113.43
110.91
102.26
102.28

115.27
112.39
102.51
102.56

117.36
113.99
102.92
102.96

118.85
114.88
103.40
103.46

121.18
116.64
103.85
103.90

Final sales to domestic
purchasers:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
.
Implicit price deflator

105.70
104.22
101.42
101.42

112.27
109.86
102.20
102.20

111.75
109.51
102.05
102.05

112.93
110.36
102.33
102.33

114.80
111.92
102.58
102.57

117.16
113.75
103.00
103.00

119.08
115.06
103.50
103.50

121.13
116.52
103.96
103.96

Addenda:
Final sales of computersl:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
.....
Gross domestic product less
final sales of computers:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Gross domestic purchases
less final sales of
computers:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Chain-type price indexes for
gross domestic purchases:
Food
Energy goods and services
Gross domestic purchases
less food and energy

106.24
104.15
102.01
102.01

112.06
108.17
103.60
103.60

111.08
107.49
103.36
103.33

112.53
108.33
103.86
103.88

114.47
109.80
104.20
104.25

116.10
110.73
104.81
104.85

116.99
111.15
105.21
105.26

118.88
112.58
105.55
105.60

Motor vehicles and parts
Furniture and household
equipment
Other

Food
Clothing and shoes
Gasoline, fuel oil, and other
energy goods
Gasoline and oil
Fuel oil and coal
Other
Services
Housing
Household operation
Electricity and gas
Other household operation
Transportation
Medical care
Recreation
Other
Addenda:
Energy goods and services1
Personal consumption
expenditures less food and
energy

103.75 108.80
106.63 118.66

102.93 113.87

108.36 109.42
117.42 118.62
113.82 111.87
122.60
115.11
106.85
104.11
113.37

127.38
116.54
107.49
104.71
113.01
102.44
103.48
94.28
111.31
108.62

101.81
103.09
99.04
105.87
105.68
102.04
104.22
106.67

104.28
108.53
100.69
113.87
109.34
104.91
109.27
113.54

101.99
102.99
94.12
109.89
107.39
104.08
108.65
102.65
112.78
109.45
104.69
108.10
112.54

104.59
111.48
106.12
115.19
109.54
105.15
110.05
114.87

100.10

101.23 102.36

104.35

110.66 125.55
106.74 115.78
102.92 107.07
101.68 104.40
104.84 113.00
101.10 101.70
101.64 102.83
96.83 92.82
104.81 110.47
103.60 107.80

110.66 112.43
124.26 127.95
119.94 121.09
131.96 137.90
118.84 123.99
108.80 111.15
106.29 106.82
114.33 121.72

113.83
130.76
123.77

115.19

141.65
125.44
112.05
107.46
122.52

146.06
127.87

133.21
124.68

113.04
108.15
124.38

109.03 110.16

102.98
102.67
105.38
117.65
111.56

112.92

105.10
108.88
97.61
116.46
110.23
105.86
111.36
115.75

105.93
111.57
101.84
118.16
111.01
106.28
114.29
116.98

106.54
113.09
102.72
120.10
112.00
107.06
117.77
119.44

107.25
114.85
105.17
121.39
113.16
108.16
121.63
121.04

99.57

102.09

102.88 104.30

101.57
102.87
91.44
112.72

102.28
102.34
101.69
116.12

103.43
103.25
104.76
118.90

104.37 110.11 109.55 110.64 112.16 114.12 115.70 117.20
Chain-type price indexes

106.14
104.29
101.77
101.77

112.61
109.35
102.98
102.98

111.69
108.72
102.76
102.73

113.28
109.79
103.18
103.19

115.11
111.11
103.56
103.60

117.20
112.56
104.08
104.12

118.62
113.29
104.65
104.71

120.92
114.90
105.19
105.24

102.07 103.71 103.31 103.88 104.55 105.11 105.37 105.92
100.72 92.35 93.11 91.46 89.82 89.11 94.67 98.32

101.34 102.40 102.24 102.56 102.84 103.28 103.58 103.88

1. For some components of final sales of computers, includes computer parts.
NOTE.—Percent changes from preceding period for selected items in this table are shown in table 8.1.

Table 7.3.—Quantity and Price Indexes for Gross National Product and
Command-Basis Gross National Product
[Index numbers, 1996=100]

106,05
104.31
101.67
101.67

Less: Exports of goods and
services and income
receipts from the rest of the
world:
Chain-type quantity index

112.85 114.86 114.71 112.79 116.46 115.39 117.27 120.70

111.73
108.62
102.87
102.87

110.88
107.99
102.71
102.69

112.02
108.68
103.06
103.07

Personal consumption
expenditures
Durable goods
Motor vehicles and parts .
Furniture and household
equipment
Other
Nondurable goods
Food
Clothing and shoes
Gasoline, fuel oil, and other
energy goods
Gasoline and oil
Fuel oil and coal
Other
Services .

Gross national product:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

114.04
110.35
103.29
103.34

115.67
111.39
103.79
103.84

116.61
111.91
104.14
104.19

118.53
113.46
104.41
104.47

Plus: Command-basis exports
income receipts from the
rest of the world:
Chain-type quantity index

114.64 119.68 119.50 117.92 121.53 121.01 121.93 124.29

Equals: Command-basis gross
national product:
Chain-type quantity index

104.57 109.31 108.67 109.41 111.08 112.20 112.58 113.98

NOTE.—Percent changes from preceding period for selected items in this table are shown in table 8.1.




Personal consumption
expenditures

Nondurable goods

106.33 117.75 117.75 119.86 119.78 117.92 123.76 130.61
145.39 223.72 207.83 239.90 262.98 281.68 308.67 343.43
73.14 52.63 55.79 49.13 44.74 41.13 39.39 37.36
73.14 52.63 56.66 49.96 45.55 41.86 40.10 38.03

1999

Chain-type quantity indexes

Durable goods

Final sales of domestic
product:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

1998

Housing
Household operation
Electricity and gas
Other household operation
Transportation
Medical care
Recreation
Other
Addenda:
Energy goods and servicesl
Personal consumption
expenditures less food and
energy

101.67 102.63 102.48 102.78 103.08 103.44 104.01 104.49
97.79

95.45

95.83

95.29

94.34

99.74

99.10

98.80

99.60

99.03

95.17
98.99

90.35
98.27

91.46
98.52

89.61
97.97

88.01
97.66

97.02

93.22

92.75

98.93

93.67

99.54

85.56
97.31

84.33
96.29

101.35 101.40 101.15 101.46 101.78 102.19 103.47 104.20
102.23 104.01 103.60 104.21 104.83 105.47 105.79 106.35
100.05 98.00 97.93 98.07 97.83 95.89 96.82 95.79
100.09
89.63 87.44 85.19 84.06 94.71 100.08
99.99 88.46 89.26 87.03 84.82 83.79 95.44 100.84
100.89 91.65 92.77 90.99 88.34 86.26 89.13 94.22
100.88 102.85 102.45 103.11 104.07 106.17 106.52 107.31

102.63 104.78 104.56 105.04 105.60 106.19 106.63 107.19
102.96
101.73
102.24
101.39
103.55
102.31
103.12
102.64

106.24
100.74
98.83
101.90
104.71
104.67
105.87
104.88

105.72
100.97
99.43
101.90
104.46
104.40
105.90
104.76

106.66
100.66
98.49
101.99
104.94
104.98
106.06
105.08

107.68
100.55
97.78
102.24
104.91
105.61
106.28
105.69

108.22
100.61
97.85
102.30
105.27
106.58
106.74
106.23

109.02
100.42
97.87
101.99
105.88
107.00
107.12
106.58

109.56
100.67
98.82
101.82
105.84
107.64
108.49
107.20

101.11

93.57

94.28

92.71

91.19

90.63

96.19

99.43

101.60 102.93 102.77 103.13 103.47 103.84 104.17 104.47

1. Consists of gasoline, fuel oil, and other energy goods and of electricity and gas.

D-20

• National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 7.6.—Chain-Type Quantity and Price Indexes for Private Fixed
Investment by Type
[Index numbers, 1996=100]

Table 7.9.—Chain-Type Quantity and Price Indexes for Exports and Imports of Goods and Services and for Receipts and Payments of Income
[Index numbers, 1996=100]

1997

1998

1998

1999
1997

1998

Chain-type quantity indexes
Chain-type quantity indexes
Private fixed
investment

Structures
Nonresidential buildings,
including farm
Utilities
Mining exploration, shafts,
and wells
Other structures

108.45 112.93

120.95
124.54
113.98

108.42 114.18
98.98 105.31

114.40
104.58

Equipment and software
Information processing
equipment and software
Computers and
peripheral equipmentl
Software2
Other
Industrial equipment
Transportation equipment
Other

Nonresidential

Residential
Structures
Single family
Multifamily
Other structures
Equipment

108.52 121.37
110.71 124.80

121.55 125.55 128.30 130.37 132.54

113.94 115.95 115.42 112.07 109.64
105.09 107.38 105.81 105.42 106.80

124.56 129.06 131.49 133.74 137.23
112.05 113.64 111.96 110.44 109.37

111.48 129.09

128.34
106.53
128.33

129.09 134.70 138.74 142.47 147.77

118.13 145.69

142.52

148.79 156.14 163.75 174.39 183.12

125.12 120.22
104.37 100.28

207.30
132.65
120.61
108.41
127.40
119.62
102.35 111.78 110.91
102.33 111.84 110.94
100.41 113.32 111.76
107.75 107.06 106.34
103.87 110.80 110.70
103.06 109.41 109.36
139.67
114.98
109.41
103.53
107.73
109.32

217.67
135.81
121.33
108.56
126.19
118.33

114.94 111.86 102.30 106.95 115.42
95.89 100.09 96.84 115.18 102.12

226.43
138.65
122.28
108.99
118.22
120.78

251.60
144.82
124.40
109.09
133.75
117.17

272.99
148.87
130.09
106.30
137.34
122.50

300.52
154.54
138.89
107.42
137.90
119.19

329.49
159.80
144.05
109.95
146.87
116.34

113.07 115.74 119.30 120.91 119.75

113.14 115.84 119.38 120.96 119.74

115.64 118.98 123.05 123.02 120.48
104.36 103.85 114.69 112.78 112.55
111.50 113.93 115.49 119.77 120.05
109.96 111.47 115.80 118.66 120.45

Chain-type price indexes

Exports of goods and services
Goods l
Durable
Nondurable
Services !
Income receipts
Imports of goods and services
Goods l
Durable
Nondurable
Services *
Income payments

Nonresidential
Structures
Nonresidential buildings,
including farm
Utilities
Mining exploration, shafts,
and wells
Other structures
Equipment and software
Information processing
equipment and software
Computers and
peripheral equipment]
Software2
Other
Industrial equipment
Transportation equipment
Other
Residential
Structures
Single family
Multifamily
Other structures
Equipment

99.95

99.20

99.15

99.16

99.11

99.19

99.17

99.04

97.22

97.36

97.03 96.60

96.38

96.04 95.72

104.14 107.37 106.85 107.79 108.73 109.07 109.67 110.58
103.22 106.72 106.05 107.23 108.50 109.35 110.29 111.43
102.28 103.31 103.14 103.49 103.52 102.85 102.89 103.53
113.80 118.51 118.52 118.70 118.75 116.65 115.19 114.93
103.03 105.26 104.81 105.54 105.81 106.01 106.89 107.32
97.37

94.01

94.34

93.64

92.81

92.44

92.94

85.26

86.18

84.35

82.31

81.17

91.86

91.24
79.15

77.51 57.38 59.64 54.92 50.22 47.23 44.82 42.73
97.45 95.54 95.60 95.63 95.20 95.64 95.66 95.92
99.55 98.50 98.52 98.31 98.10 97.94 97.71 97.43
100.73 101.37 101.23 101.48 101.73 101.94 101.87 102.00
100.81 100.38 100.15 100.41 100.65 101.20 101.05 100.43
101.03 102.42 102.05 102.64 103.25 103.66 103.80 103.55

102.68
102.75
102.92
104.50
102.25
99.98

105.30 104.64 105.76 106.93 107.97
105.45
105.06
112.40
104.80

104.78
104.29
110.46
104.41

99.54

99.27

105.91
105.45
113.61
105.21

108.93

110.04

107.12 108.20 109.20 110.34

109.15 110.44
119.98 121.40
107.48 108.39
99.75 99.28 98.60 97.87 97.96
106.79 108.19
117.59 118.92
105.82 106.44

1. Includes new computers and peripheral equipment only.
2. Excludes software "embedded," or bundled, in computers and other equipment.




99.19

115.21
116.89
121.78
106.40
111.19
113.69
126.89
127.62
131.30
120.56
123.21
127.28

114.07
114.69
118.99
105.50
112.48
116.84
126.21
126.87
130.00
120.90
122.83
126.45

113.60
115.14
120.35
103.92
109.93

110.06
127.81
128.40
131.40
122.71
124.75
130.05

117.92
120.35
125.52
109.25
112.22

116.27
117.46
122.89
105.78
113.35
111.58 112.41
131.14 135.07
132.33 136.33
137.58 141.30
122.15 126.71
125.24 128.81
128.07 127.79

117.41
118.71
123.99
107.39
114.24
116.72
139.69

120.66
123.43
130.01
109.25
114.26
120.75
144.63
141.34 147.08
147.66 154.76
129.07 132.27
131.58 132.74
132.36 137.07

Chain-type price indexes
Exports of goods and services
Goods 1
Durable
Nondurable
Services l

98.23 95.95 96.27 95.57 95.25 95.13 95.30 95.61
97.29 94.25 94.71 93.70 93.15 92.83 92.69 92.85
97.03 94.88 95.21 94.46 94.14 93.91 93.68 93.42
97.89 92.71 93.49 91.85 90.72 90.16 90.26 91.47
100.56 100.24 100.20 100.27 100.55 100.94 101.88 102.56

Income receipts

101.61 102.20 102.09 102.26 102.49 102.80 103.31 103.77

Imports of goods and services
Goods 1
Durable
Nondurable
Services l
Income payments

Private fixed
investment

112.73
114.51
118.17
106.68
108.49
113.26
113.72
114.21
116.23
110.34
111.19
120.62

96.45

91.31

95.88
94.76
98.12
99.47

90.19
90.85
88.74
97.29

91.63
90.55
91.18
89.18
97.36

90.55

90.48

89.30
90.17
87.43
97.21

89.03
89.86
87.24
98.26

89.81
88.38
89.76
85.40
97.43

90.96

92.35

89.46 90.75
89.09 88.73
90.29 95.29
99.03 100.95

101.45 101.95 101.84 102.08 102.25 102.58 103.09 103.64

1. Exports and imports of certain goods, primarily military equipment purchased and sold by the Federal Government, are included in services. Beginning with 1986, repairs and alterations of equipment are reclassified from goods
to services.

National Data • D-21

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

Table 7.10.—Chain-Type Quantity and Price Indexes for Exports and Imports of Goods and Services by Type of Product
[Index numbers, 1996=100]
Seasonally adjusted
1997

1998

1998

1999

1997

1998

Chain-type quantity indexes
Exports of goods and
services
Exports of goods l
Foods, feeds, and beverages
Industrial supplies and
materials
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Capital goods, except
automotive
Civilian aircraft, engines,
and parts
Computers, peripherals, and
parts
Other
Automotive vehicles, engines,
and parts
Consumer goods, except
automotive
Durable goods
Nondurable go<
Other
Exports of services'
Transfers under U.S. military
agency sales contracts
Travel
Passenger fares
Other transportation
Royalties and license fees
Other private services
Other
Imports of goods and
services
Imports of goods *
Foods, feeds, and beverages
Industrial supplies and
materials, except petroleum
and products
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Petroleum and products
Capital goods, except
automotive
Civilian aircraft, engines,
and parts
Computers, peripherals, and
parts
Other
Automotive vehicles, engines,
and parts
Consumer goods, except
automotive
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Other
Imports of services1

116.27 117.41

92.48

95.32 100.96

120.66
123.43
106.40

106.66
109.92
104.81

105.65
107.96
104.34

108.00
110.58
106.52

104.28 106.44
109.69 111.86
101.16 103.31

108.23
114.26
104.76

122.84 128.12

123.94

128.37

133.15

130.16 129.67

139.03

129.88 165.96

144.24

174.48

196.09

172.66 148.09

163.46

131.31 136.93
119.61 119.03

133.63
118.02

139.59
117.22

144.32
118.78

143.22 153.55
119.41 121.66

163.27
129.76

112.94 111.45

110.65

103.92

113.67

108.47 113.83

115.03

112.30
112.66
111.92
122.15

112.08
112.09
112.06
120.81
112.48

113.98
114.83
113.09
117.57

112.43
112.41
112.46
134.10
112.22

113.21
110.56
115.96
140.12

112.57
113.26
111.86
139.91

114.58
116.04
113.08
135.42
114.26

115.14

99.28

108.61 107.43
109.05 110.83
108.36 105.50

114.51 116.89
100.16

109.62
110.35
108.86
114.00

108.49 111.19

113.60

109.93

117.46 118.71

113.35 114.24

Addenda:
Exports of agricultural
goods 2
Exports of nonagricultural
goods
Imports of nonpetroleum

NOTE.—See footnotes to table 4.3.




Exports of goods l
Foods, feeds, and beverages
Industrial supplies and
materials
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Capital goods, except
automotive
Civilian aircraft, engines,
and parts
Computers, peripherals, and
parts
Other
Automotive vehicles, engines,
and parts
Consumer goods, except
automotive
Durable goods
Nondurable go<
Other
Exports of services1

113.35
100.54
100.83
106.32
110.82
134.26
119.53

113.72 126.89 126.21 127.81 131.14 135.07 139.69 144.63

Imports of goods and
services

117.26
99.46
102.61
101.08
110.75
126.16
115.97

123.23
102.10
107.68
98.91
108.48
127.67
114.99

109.26
95.52
105.40
100.22
108.62
127.51
116.48

110.28
99.62
96.03
104.98
118.76
127.16
118.06

113.27
101.32
96.73
106.14
111.73
131.26
118.99

109.96
101.21
101.54
106.11
111.88
133.49
120.03

114.21 127.62 126.87 128.40 132.33 136.33 141.34 147.08
110.15 118.18 117.46 119.42 119.84

108.31
107.72
108.92
104.58

119.98
123.87
115.85
111.97

120.81
124.95
116.41
116.00

122.48
127.01
117.66
116.69

120.69
126.06
114.99
108.87

122.46 128.95 132.26
120.73
124.75
116.46
110.75

123.45
127.82
118.80
117.22

127.01
128.66
125.34
113.66

125.40 143.96 143.06 144.82 148.92 152.37 162.45 171.02
126.23 163.09 169.02 168.42 179.71 163.05 166.00 183.16
131.98 164.66 160.91 165.34 179.65 191.36 212.57 222.47
122.74 134.30 133.64 134.72 134.69 137.60 144.91 152.05
108.22 115.21 112.28 111.93 124.62 132.17 134.47 142.79
114.06
112.51
115.75
112.91

129.16
129.55
128.79
132.40

129.39
129.51
129.29
126.02

131.06
131.19
130.95
131.76

111.19 123.21 122.83 124.75

132.07
133.96
130.13
149.25

136.97
135.34
138.71
155.04

139.94
142.91
136.86
158.20

146.22
149.96
142.34
162.99

125.24 128.81 131.58 132.74

116.07
108.69
108.20
107.99
117.73
116.29
104.99

130.92
122.14
116.70
115.73
140.80
129.29
109.95

127.65
122.57
117.67
115.51
134.50
129.85
106.02

132.50
123.56
119.48
116.09
135.62
132.34
113.24

131.12
121.19
120.37
117.80
145.36
134.19
111.88

139.93
129.99
119.81
116.61
157.46
134.16
110.33

146.68
131.42
122.05
115.04
159.94
141.03
113.36

154.12
130.56
122.83
117.08
145.68
145.81
114.87

101.76

101.87

99.83

95.45

107.80

95.70

101.92

108.29

115.89

118.50

116.28

117.20

121.73 119.71

120.50

125.08

115.15

Direct defense expenditures ...
Travel
Passenger fares
Other transportation
Royalties and license fees
Other private services
Other

Exports of goods and
services

Transfers under U.S. military
agency sales contracts
Travel
Passenger fares
Other transportation
Royalties and license fees
Other private services
Other

117.37
103.15
105.44
103.30
102.24
117.21
109.20

1999

Chain-type price indexes

117.92
120.35
104.05

114.07
114.69
97.41

112.73 115.21

1998

129.07

128.00

129.60

134.28 138.42

143.34

149.93

Imports of goods !
Foods, feeds, and beverages
Industrial supplies and
materials, except petroleum
and products
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Petroleum and products
Capital goods, except
automotive
Civilian aircraft, engines,
and parts
Computers, peripherals, and
parts
Other
Automotive vehicles, engines,
and parts
Consumer goods, except
automotive
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Other
Imports of services l
Direct defense expenditures ...
Travel
Passenger fares
Other transportation
Royalties and license fees
Other private services
Other
Addenda:
Exports of agricultural
goods 2
Exports of nonagricultural
goods
Imports of nonpetroleum
goods

98.23

95.95

96.27

94.25

94.71

95.57 95.25
93.70 93.15

95.13

97.29

92.83

95.30 95.61
92.69 92.85

92.60

84.15

84.80

83.37

82.24

81.65

80.77

79.75

99.57
99.11
99.83

94.22
95.02
93.75

95.29
95.81
94.98

93.18
94.44
92.43

91.71
93.34
90.75

90.83
92.48
89.85

91.24
92.12
90.75

93.44
92.38
94.13

95.07

92.50

92.88

91.97

91.69

91.50

91.20

90.67

103.41 104.79 104.71 104.66 105.40 106.49 106.87

107.05

69.12
93.98

67.48
93.65

85.98
95.90

75.58
94.64

77.06
94.81

73.31
94.51

72.08
94.23

70.39
94.14

100.81 100.96 100.87 101.00 101.11 101.31 101.39 101.57
100.75 100.76 100.82 100.61 100.53 100.34 100.34 100.39
100.97 100.69 100.76 100.51 100.39 99.95 100.03 100.21
100.51 100.83 100.88 100.72 100.69 100.73 100.65 100.57
98.95 96.68 97.15 96.32 95.63 95.55 95.02 95.22
100.56 100.24 100.20 100.27 100.55 100.94 101.88 102.56
97.77 95.37 96.39 94.94 93.74 100.12 99.70 100.03
101.88 102.71 102.56 102.96 103.26 102.66 104.11 104.15
96.59 95.46 94.36 93.93 98.82 101.18 101.12 103.62
100.26 96.83 97.21 97.02 96.07 93.96 97.08 99.63
101.76 102.35 102.23 102.41 102.63 102.95 103.46 103.92
100.82 100.84 100.80 100.85 100.96 101.41 102.00 102.09
99.75 99.16 99.24 100.20 99.49 99.82 100.60 102.36

96.45 91.31
95.88 90.19

90.55 90.48
89.30 89.03

89.81

90.96
89.46

92.35

90.55

91.63

90.75

100.91

97.73

98.51

96.73

97.12

95.37

95.05

93.59

101.79
97.94
94.34

94.96
97.00
92.88
62.50

95.88
98.13
93.57
63.48

94.09
96.26
91.87
58.70

92.83
94.37
91.31
57.85

92.62
95.19
89.96
52.60

93.07
96.35
89.63
74.68

95.33
98.56
91.95
94.71

88.56

82.10

82.46

81.17

80.71

80.29

78.73

77.47

103.77 105.56 105.40 105.30 106.40 107.27 107.37 107.50
86.44
88.16

71.55
84.81

72.20
85.06

100.20 100.34 100.41

70.25
83.98

67.47
84.55

65.78
84.69

62.63
83.91

60.20
83.22

99.98 100.34 100.71 100.97 101.14

98.81
97.81
99.89
99.43

97.47
95.23
99.92
99.93

97.51 97.09 97.26 97.24
95.38 94.61 94.74 94.65
99.83 99.81 100.03 100.08
99.79 100.41 100.67 99.42

99.47

97.29

97.36

97.21

98.26

97.43

96.68
94.03
99.58
98.99

96.57
93.84
99.57
99.19

99.03 100.95

94.25 90.83 89.04
91.38 88.93 86.97
99.67 95.60 96.23 94.80 97.08 95.09 94.99
105.98 107.24 106.55 107.62 107.67 107.93 110.15
97.86 96.04 95.92 96.83 97.28 96.73 105.21
101.76 102.33 102.22 102.39 102.62 102.93 103.45
99.43 97.09 97.43 96.79 96.33 96.82 97.45
100.50 100.40 101.11 100.72 101.75 100.81 101.67

90.81
97.09
112.33
112.60
103.90
96.31
102.80

93.38

84.79

86.02

83.82

81.98

80.42

78.24

77.72

97.70

95.19

95.58

94.68

94.24

94.04

94.09

94.31

96.02

92.63

92.95

92.01

91.79

91.50

90.90

90.74

D-22

• National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 7.11.—Chain-Type Quantity and Price Indexes for Government Consumption Expenditures and Gross Investment by Type
[Index numbers, 1996=100]
Seasonally adjusted
1997

1999

1998
III

1997

1999

IV

III

Chain-type quantity indexes
Government consumption
expenditures and gross
investment *

National defense
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Services
Compensation of
general government
employees, except
own-account
investment3
Consumption of
general government
fixed capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software
Nondefense
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Commodity Credit
Corporation
inventory change ...
Other nondurables
Services
Compensation of
general government
employees, except
own-account
investment3
Consumption of
general government
fixed capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software
State and local
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Services
Compensation of general
government
employees, except
own-account
investment3
Consumption of general
government fixed
capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software
Addenda:
Compensation of general
government employees3 ....
Federal
State and local

Chain-type price indexes

102.33 104.10 104.13 104.46 105.20 106.52 106.86 108.06
98.97

Federal

97.55 95.71

99.71

99.14 100.08

99.97 100.49 101.52

99.03 96.37
99.29 100.91
99.93 105.22
98.98 95.81

95.69 97.33 96.61 95.64 95.01 97.56
97.05 97.11 97.08 95.74 94.23 97.25
99.19 104.97 103.03 98.12 101.75 108.23
99.68 116.43 105.74 100.24 110.36 135.75
96.81 96.06 96.42 95.43 93.30 95.53

96.41

93.50

99.39
103.08
89.23
82.70
90.16

93.39

93.43

92.14

91.26

90.90

91.09

98.66 98.70 98.56 98.53 98.49 98.55 98.71
97.75 101.03 98.63 102.14 100.23 93.28 100.69
92.11 88.04 98.93 94.12 95.33 99.91 99.70
76.17 71.33 82.14 71.10 74.25 72.51 69.89
94.46 90.51 101.39 97.58 98.47 104.04 104.22

104.63 105.63 107.89 102.85 107.16 108.77 111.62 109.59
104.66 103.11 104.80 99.98 104.37 105.49 106.43 104.86

125.43 127.04 127.75 125.28 127.94 129.38 133.04 132.58
103.40 102.50 103.23 102.28 102.68 103.03 103.96 102.25

99.44 100.54 100.30 100.45 102.20 102.34 101.12 100.03
108.32 118.15 116.81 119.42 122.07 124.79 127.46 130.29
108.64 99.51 102.92 98.42 95.33 95.13 99.61 94.84
104.49 117.50 122.50 116.39 120.29 124.27 136.51 132.22
84.74 94.86 92.48 98.35 96.51 97.52 89.07 93.48
115.53 130.18 139.61 126.26 133.70 139.46 164.30 154.65
103.79 107.14
103.21 106.69
108.04 116.86
106.41 114.37
102.71 105.56

106.75 107.61 108.23
106.37 107.06 107.87
115.94 117.89 119.84
113.50 115.32 117.07
105.32 105.85 106.54

110.64 111.93
109.74 110.79
124.20 126.43
120.85 122.78
108.15 109.08

Federal

Nondefense
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Commodity Credit
Corporation
inventory change ...
Other nondurables
Services
Compensation of
general government
employees, except
own-account
investment3
Consumption of
general government
fixed capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software

101.45 103.07 103.15 103.05 103.59 106.18 106.37 106.85
102.00 104.24 104.32 104.26 104.97 107.76 108.10 108.72

Addenda:
Compensation of general
government employees3 ....
Federal
State and local

109.89
157.71
109.14
104.06
125.33

109.18
155.76
108.42
103.63
123.64

110.56
161.61
110.06
104.71
127.09

111.97
165.82
109.80
103.34
130.68

113.43
170.62
117.60
112.51
133.60

114.93
175.92
114.64
107.81
136.82

106.56

101.22 102.03 101.85 102.07 102.32 104.21 104.47 104.93
101.68 102.91 102.64 103.01 103.37 105.20 105.58 106.13
99.54 99.18 99.23 98.90 99.22 98.93 98.67 98.51
87.42 85.49 85.18 82.52 87.76 93.93
97.66
101.96 103.66 103.34 103.84 104.23 106.36 106.64 107.05

100.40 100.94 100.84 101.03 101.31 101.61 101.80 102.26
97.49 96.00 95.97 96.03 95.85 95.36 94.70 94.43
101.52 102.84 102.71 102.95 103.41 104.01 104.54 105.29

104.69
124.97
106.40
104.86
111.08

101.78 103.34 103.10 103.60 103.94 104.93

101.30 102.38 102.30 102.41 102.76 104.89 105.13 105.60

National defense
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Services
Compensation of
general government
employees, except
own-account
investment3
Consumption of
general government
fixed capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software

116.48
180.03
117.02
109.47
141.72

101.52 102.82 102.71 102.92 103.38 103.92 104.48 105.21

1. Gross government investment consists of general government and government enterprise expenditures for fixed
assets; inventory investment is included in government consumption expenditures.
2. Consumption expenditures for durable goods excludes expenditures classified as investment, except for goods
transferred to foreign countries by the Federal Government.
3. Compensation of government employees engaged in new own-account investment and related expenditures




Government consumption
expenditures and gross
investmentl

State and local
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Services
Compensation of general
government
employees, except
own-account
investment3
Consumption of general
government fixed
capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software

110.39
108.79
122.01
118.95
107.32

IV

102.91 105.37 105.07 105.45 105.95 109.71 109.86 109.98

100.07 99.17 98.91 99.06 99.15 100.29 100.30 100.76
101.88 104.45 104.06 105.04 105.48 105.87 106.55 107.40
98.53 96.83 97.17 96.55 96.20 98.38 98.02 97.94
103.33 105.89 105.15 106.33 107.46 108.05 109.26 110.36
97.88 95.68 96.14 95.31 94.80 97.15 96.64 96.44

99.61 99.36 99.27 99.55 99.06 100.04 101.49 103.65
102.13 104.58 104.65 104.71 105.32 108.46 108.76 109.33

102.94 106.62 106.08 107.01 107.88 112.96 113.41 114.28

99.15 98.20 98.23 98.10 98.02 99.11 98.92
101.99 103.89 105.07 103.62 104.11 104.56 104.84 105.11
98.97 97.97 98.04 97.81 97.68 99.47 99.13 99.10
103.17 106.48 106.00 106.74 107.54 107.99 108.69 109.53
97.01 94.30 94.60 93.98 93.47 95.77 95.09 94.78
102.06 103.89 103.56 104.27 104.62 104.98 106.02
102.14 104.18 103.87 104.63 104.91 105.32 106.42
99.45 99.18 99.20 99.18 99.06 98.94 98.78
99.25 94.44 95.19 94.23 92.72 92.31 96.39
102.57 105.57 105.11 106.12 106.66 107.19 107.91

107.11
107.66
98.62
100.43
108.78

102.71 106.28 105.81 106.87 107.49 108.21 108.89 109.80

101.08
103.55
101.72
103.40
96.89

101.39
103.11
102.64
106.09
93.19

101.04
102.53
102.20
105.35
93.49

101.49
103.80
102.74
106.41
92.77

101.86
103.45
103.36
107.54
92.14

101.98
102.16
103.49
108.02
91.44

102.64
103.48
104.28
109.33
90.97

102.99
104.71
104.75
110.21
90.49

102.77 106.16 105.71 106.65 107.27 108.93 109.50 110.29
102.93 105.84 105.45 106.04 106.68 110.97 111.23 111.64
102.71 106.28 105.81 106.87 107.49 108.21 108.89 109.80

for goods and services are classified as investment in structures and in software. The compensation of all general
government employees is shown in the addenda.
4. Consumption of fixed capital, or depreciation, is included in government consumption expenditures as a partial
measure of the value of the services of general government fixed assets; use of depreciation assumes a zero net
return on these assets.

January 2000

National Data

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

D-23

Table 7.14.—Chain-Type Quantity and Price Indexes for Gross Domestic
Product by Sector

Table 7.16.—Implicit Price Deflators for Private Inventories by Industry
Group

[Index numbers, 1996=100]

[Index numbers, 1996=100]
Seasonally adjusted

1997

1998

1998

Seasonally adjusted
1998

1999

Private inventoriesl

1999

97.34

96.30

95.64

95.59

96.37

97.56

Farm

95.90

88.38

85.84

90.74

90.14

88.98

Nonfarm
Durable goods
Nondurable goods

97.47
97.98
96.83

96.97
97.56
96.23

96.48
96.90
95.96

96.01
95.89
96.15

96.91
96.37
97.60

98.29
96.97
99.95

Manufacturing
Durable goods
Nondurable goods

96.46
96.92
95.71

95.71
96.02
95.21

94.42
94.62
94.08

93.92
94.10
93.64

94.94
94.71
95.33

96.37
95.60
97.63

Wholesale
Durable goods
Nondurable goods

96.87
98.38
94.32

96.28
97.87
93.59

96.17
97.48
93.97

95.27
95.74
94.53

95.70
95.89
95.44

96.94
96.13
98.42

96.98
98.39
94.55
96.14
98.28
92.94

96.39
97.88
93.84
95.50
97.82
92.03

96.40
97.48
94.55
94.67
97.45
90.50

95.38
95.79
94.70
94.59
95.38
93.48

95.62 96.69
95.95 96.20
95.08 97.62
96.24 98.49
95.49 95.67
97.57 103.20

Chain-type quantity indexes
Gross domestic
product
Business1

104.50 109.00 108.24 109.25 110.83 111.84 112.36 113.92
105.08 110.18 109.31 110.45 112.26 113.38 113.93 115.68

Nonfarm2
Nonfarm less housing .
Housing
Farm
,
Households and institutions

104.99
105.41
101.24
111.80

110.18
111.02
102.71
109.03

109.32
110.09
102.48
107.01

110.46
111.28
103.08
108.92

112.27
113.26
103.52
109.88

113.42
114.40
104.67
108.64

113.96
114.93
105.34
110.22

115.80
116.86
106.43
103.87

103.42 105.87 105.64 106.04 106.51 107.07 107.52 108.22

Private households
Nonprofit institutions

97.87 110.60 107.65 112.54 118.59 121.19 121.56 122.36
103.62 105.70 105.57 105.81 106.08 106.56 107.02 107.71

3

100.80 101.78 101.62 101.92 102.30 102.71 103.03 103.59

General government
Federal
State and local

98.55 97.89 97.80 97.97 97.98 97.77 97.44 97.43
101.87 103.61 103.42 103.77 104.33 105.03 105.66 106.49
Chain-type price indexes

Gross domestic
product
Business1

101.66 102.86 102.70 103.06 103.28 103.79 104.13 104.41
101.57 102.48 102.37 102.62 102.77 103.12 103.42 103.61

Nonfarm2
Nonfarm less housing
Housing
Farm

101.80 102.81 102.73 102.97 103.01 103.41 103.79 103.99
101.70 102.47 102.45 102.59 102.50 102.87 103.23 103.41
102.74 106.09 105.36 106.58 107.92 108.53 109.16 109.59
85.42 79.75 77.68 78.74 86.63 83.92 77.93 76.99

Households and institutions

101.59 104.49 104.08 105.08 105.98 107.10 108.03 108.97

Private households
Nonprofit institutions
General government3
Federal
State and local

102.55 105.45 104.95 105.89 106.64 107.31 108.25 108.80
101.55 104.46 104.04 105.05 105.95 107.10 108.02 108.98
102.38 105.14 104.72 105.54 106.09 107.57 108.10 108.81
102.07 103.87 103.54 103.98 104.45 107.81 107.98 108.37
102.53 105.72 105.26 106.25 106.84 107.49 108.17 109.02

1. Equals gross domestic product less gross product of households and institutions and of general government.
2. Equals gross domestic business product less gross farm product.
3. Equals compensation of general government employees plus general government consumption of fixed capital.

Table 7.15.—Price, Costs, and Profit Per Unit of Real Gross Product of
Nonfinancial Corporate Business
[Dollars]
Price per unit of real gross
product of nonfinancial
corporate business1

1.006

Compensation of employees
(unit labor cost)

.635

Unit nonlabor cost
Consumption of fixed capital

.246
.109

.110
.027

Indirect business tax and
nontax liability plus
business transfer payments
less subsidies
Net interest
Corporate profits with
inventory valuation and
capital consumption
adjustments (unit profits
from current production)
Profits tax liability
Profits after tax with inventory
valuation and capital
consumption adjustments ...

1.007

1.009

1.012

1.012

.646

.647

.649

.650

.245
.109

.243
.109

.244
.110

.246
.111

.108
.026

.111
.025

.109
.025

.109
.025

.109
.026

.119
.032

.121
.032

.116
.030

.119
.032

.118
.033

.115
.033

.087

.089

.085

.087

.085

.082

1.006

1.008

1.008

.643

.643

.644

.244
.109

.244
.109

.243
.109

.109
.026

.109
.026

.125
.035

.120
.032

.090

.088

1. The implicit price deflator for gross product of nonfinancial corporate business divided by 100.




Merchant wholesalers
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Nonmerchant wholesalers .
Durable goods
Nondurable c
Retail trade
Durable goods
....
Motor vehicle dealers .
Other
Nondurable goods

99.90 100.12 100.35 100.03 100.69 101.68
99.03 99.43 99.63 98.66 99.24 99.92
97.61 98.48 98.73 97.48 98.02 99.54
100.57 100.47 100.61 99.94 100.57 100.35
100.94 100.95 101.22 101.68 102.45 103.81

Other
Durable goods
Nondurable goods

95.94 94.61 94.14 94.60 97.21 100.06
101.13 101.69 100.62 101.40 103.45 102.41
95.55 94.07 93.66 94.09 96.74 99.87

1. Implicit price deflators are as of the end of the quarter and are consistent with the inventory stocks shown
in tables 5.12 and 5.13.

D-24

• National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 7.17.—Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Gross Domestic Product
by Major Type of Product

Table 7.18B.—Chain-Type Quantity Indexes for Motor Vehicle Output
[Index numbers, 1996-100]

[Index numbers, 1996=100]
Seasonally adjusted
Seasonally adjusted
1997

1998

1998

II
Gross domestic product
Final sales of domestic
product
Change in private inventories
Goods

III

1997

IV

I

II

III

104.50 109.00 108.24 109.25 110.83 111.84 112.36 113.92
104.02 108.46 108.06 108.69 110.34 111.59 112.52 113.78
106.44 112.85 111.07 112.62 115.79 116.63 116.77 119.45
105.15 111.43 110.62 111.15 114.54 116.04 117.33 119.17

Durable goods
Final sales
Change in private
inventories

109.62 120.28 117.64 119.85 124.85 125.36 125.80 130.13
108.50 119.01 117.73 118.49 123.65 125.29 127.15 130.21

Nondurable goods
Final sales
Change in private
inventories

103.78 106.73 105.64 106.68 108.39 109.48 109.38 110.78
102.37 105.24 104.80 105.15 107.15 108.55 109.38 110.29

Services

103.18 106.17 106.01 106.69 107.25 108.08 109.07 110.25

Structures

104.36 110.14 109.92 110.67 112.03 114.79 113.99 113.42




1998

II

Final sales
Change in private
inventories

Addenda:
Motor vehicle output
Gross domestic product less
motor vehicle output

1998

1999

106.58 114.56 109.24 110.92 126.49 119.36 121.80 129.10
104.43 108.80 108.21 109.19 110.27 111.57 112.02 113.38

Motor vehicle output ...
Auto output
Truck output l
Final sales of domestic
product
Personal consumption
expenditures
New motor vehicles
Autos
Light trucks
Net purchases of used
autos
Private fixed investment
New motor vehicles
Autos
Trucks
Light trucks
Other
Net purchases of used
autos

III

1999

IV

I

II

III

106.58 114.56 109.24 110.92 126.49 119.36 121.80 129.10
101.45 104.87 95.36 104.55 116.65 99.19 101.00 102.88
110.89 122.70 120.90 116.25 134.74 136.08 139.04 150.78
103.20 112.55 114.22 108.03 118.63 115.28 119.13 122.37
102.90
101.65
101.04
102.37

114.53
115.33
111.43
119.94

106.62 112.04
106.91
106.71
101.28
111.90
114.67
106.61

115.07
114.37
102.10
126.11
126.47
125.29

114.38
119.66
114.98
125.20

112.08
110.45
106.64
114.95

121.22
120.75
116.09
126.27

121.64
121.16
117.93
125.00

124.66
125.72
124.82
126.82

125.41
126.72
123.82
130.16

98.37 116.85 122.46 122.93 121.26 121.26
115.46
115.85
105.55
125.70
130.27
117.20

109.39
108.79
94.31
122.66
119.31
128.60

124.22
121.64
105.49
137.11
136.20
138.57

126.04
123.88
102.09
144.69
145.83
142.43

129.17
127.75
107.97
146.67
148.90
142.44

140.75
137.06
111.31
161.64
168.43
149.17

106.02 111.81 117.37 106.58 112.09 115.90 122.60 123.47

Gross government
investment
Autos
New trucks

110.38 109.63 122.02 98.49 118.22 107.78 99.74 120.88
91.08 95.01 99.64 92.83 103.89 95.31 92.29 108.30
121.07 117.67 134.50 101.40 126.04 114.58 103.70 127.71

Net exports
ExDorts
Autos
Trucks
Imports
Autos
Trucks

105.28
98.31
118.29
109.75
108.65
115.03

100.44
94.32
111.90
116.94
118.90
107.48

102.64 89.29 99.04 92.12
92.92 85.02 99.75 90.26
120.74 97.31 97.92 95.69
113.79 112.78 127.05 138.59
116.58 114.01 129.71 139.67
100.38 106.86 114.27 133.39

100.78
102.60
97.65
139.34
136.13
154.67

93.62
89.63
101.02
147.87
148.38
145.45

Change in private inventories
Autos
New
Domestic
Foreign
Used
New trucks
Domestic
Foreian
Addenda:
Final sales of motor vehicles
to domestic purchasers
Private fixed investment in
new autos and new light
trucks
Domestic output of new
autos 2
Sales of imported new autos 3

104.60 114.56 115.02 110.65 122.21 122.79 125.48 130.86

106.74 112.00 115.59 104.46 117.95 119.83 124.57 134.48
99.77 98.16 90.52 99.05 106.06 98.93 99.28 103.95
109.27 129.63 132.42 121.33 139.71 136.53 146.46 148.58

1. Except for exports and imports, consists of new trucks only.
2. Consists of final sales and change in private inventories of new autos assembled in the United States.
3. Consists of personal consumption expenditures, private fixed investment, and gross government investment.

National Data • D-25

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

8. Supplemental TablesTable 8.1 .—Percent Change From Preceding Period in Selected Series
[Percent]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997 1998

1998
III

Gross domestic product:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Personal consumption expenditures:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Durable goods:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Nondurable goods:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Services:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Gross private domestic investment:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Fixed investment:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Nonresidential:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Structures:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Equipment and software:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Residential:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Exports of goods and services:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Exports of goods:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Exports of services:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Imports of goods and services:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
imports of goods:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index

4.5
1."
I.1
5.5
3.7
1."
1.

III

5.5
4.3
1.2
1.2

3.4
2.1
1.1
1.3

5.4
3.8
1.4
1.5

7.0
5.9
9
1.0

5."
3."
2.0
2.0

3.3
1.9
1.3
\A

6.8
5.7
1.1
1.1

5.9
4.9

73
6*.1
1.1
1.1

5.1
3.9
1.2
1.2

5.8
4.6
1.:
1.:

8.1
6.5
1.4
1.4

7.4
5.1
2.2
2.2

6.8
4.9
1.8
1.8

8.9
1.8 15/
7.0
11.2
4.1 20.4 12.4
9.1
-2.0 -2.3 -3.9 -2.8 -1.9
-5.0 -2.3 -3.9 -2.8 -1.9

5.6
7.7
-2.0
-2.0

4.3
8.6
6.6 11.3
-2.2 -2.4
-2.4
-2.
4.3
2.9
1.3
1.3

4.1
4.0
0
.1

6.5
6.7

3.7
2.4
1.2
1.2

6.3
5.0
1.3
1.3

10.7
8.9
1.6
1.6

3.3
5.1
5.1

6.5
3.6
2.8
2.8

6.3
3.6
2.6
2.6

6.2
4.0
2.1
2.1

7.4
4.8
25

6.6
4.7
1.8
1.8

3.7
1.5
2.2
2.2

6.5
4.2
2.!
2.2

7.0
5.2
1.7
1.7

7.2
5.0
2.1
2.1

11.3
11.5
-.2
-.1

10.7
11.7
-.9
-.9

-5.0
-4.7
-1.0
—3

11.2
10.4
-.2
.7

12.2
11.5
-.2
.7

3.6
3.6
.1
0

-2.2
-2.1
-.4
-.1

13.1
13.6
-.3
-.4

8.5
8.5
-.1
-.1

11.0
11.8
-.8
-.8

11.4
12.5
-.9
-.9

2.1
2.0
.1
.1

13.6
13.8

9.4
9.1
.3
.3

6.5
6.6
-.1
-.1

6.9
6.8
.1
.1

9.7
9.6 10.7
10.7 12.7 12.1
-1.0 -1.8 -2.2
-1.0 -1.8 -2.2

-1.3
0
-1.4
-1.4

13.2
15.
-1.8
-1.8

6.8
7.8
-.9
-.9

5.5
7.0
-1.4
-1.4

9.4
10.9
-1.3
-1.3

9.5
5.8
3.5
3.5

-4.6 -3.2
-5.8 -5.3
1.3 2.2
1.3 2.2

-.6
-3.8
3.4
3.4

12.9
8.5
4.1
4.1

7.4
4.1
3.1
3.1

10.1 -3.2
7.1 -6.6
2.8
3.6
2.8
3.6

8.5
11.5
-2.6
-2.6

11.8
15.8
-3.4
-3.4

-.7
9.5
13.8
2.4
-3.8 -2.9
-3.8 -3.0

5.1
2.3
2.7
2.7

12.0
9.2
2.6
2.6

16.9
13.6
3.0
3.0

12.7
8.0
4.4
4.3

14.7
9.8
4.5
4.5

17.3
12.9
4.0
4.0

9.3
5.5
3.6
3.6

-3.8
4.1
4.1

10.7 -.2
2.2
12.7
-1.8 -2.3
-1.8 -2.3

-5.7
-4.0
-1.8
-1.8

-4.5
-1.7
-2.9
-2.9

14.5 -5.9
16.1 -5.5
-1.3
-.5
-1.3
-.5

4.7
4.0
.7
.7

13.0
11.5
1.3
1.3

11.4 -1.1 -11.6
14.5
2.1 -8.8
-2.7 -3.1 -3.0
-2.7
-3.0
9.1
8.5
.6
.6

2.2
2.5
-.3
-.3

9.7
13.7
-3.6
-5.6

8.4
5.6
11.6 13.0
-5.3 -4.0
-5.3 -4.0

9.5
14.2

5.1
11.7

7.3
13.6

14.4 10.8
18.6 12.5
-3.5 -1.6
-3.5 -1.6

8.4 12.6
11.2 15.7
-2.5 -2.7
-2.5 -2.7

-2.7 16.6
1.6 19.4
-4.2 -2.3
-4.2 -2.3

-10.5
-9.3
-1.4
-1.4

3.7
4.3

17.7
16.9
.7
.7

9.8
8.6
1.1
1.1

5.7
4.1
1.5
1.5

7.1
3.2
3.8
3.8

2.7
0
2.7
2.7

10.5
9.2
10.8 12.5
-.3 -3.0
-.3 -3.0

20.4
14.4
5.2
5.2

22.1
14.9
6.2
6.2

9.4
12.6

21.2
15.5

24.2
173

9.9 -8.5
8.8 -3.8
1.0
.3
1.0

5.2
-4.6

4.9

11.5
12.8

1999

1998
IV

-4.1
-4.1

-5.9
-5.9

-5.6
-5.6

-5.4
-6.4

-1.
-1.2

10.6
11.2

8.4
10.8

14.5
9.7
4.4
4.3

5.7
6.4
-.6

IV

1. For some components of final sales of computers, includes computer parts.
NOTE.—Contributions to the percent change in real gross domestic product are shown in table 8.2.




1997 1998

1999

-2.9
-2.9

4.9
4.9

5.9
5.9

8.2
6.0
1.6 11.9
4.4 -3.3
4.4 -3.3

16.2
8.9

11.8
3.6
8.0
7.9

7.
3.2
4.2
3.3
9.1
4.2
1.3 2.9
1.7 6.0
5.1
2.3
Chain-type quantity index
1.4 2.0
1.3 3.8
1.5
1.8
Chain-type price index
1.4 2.0
13
1.5
3.8
1.8
Implicit price deflator
Federal:
5.3
8.1
1.;
12.9 -1.9
Current dollars
3.9 —5
-.1
11.9 -2.3
Chain-type quantity index
1.4
1.3 1.1
.9
Chain-type price index
1.1
1.4 8.6
1.3
Implicit price deflator
National defense:
3.3
-1.3 -1.1 11.1
7.9 -2.0
Current dollars
-2.5 -1.9 11.1
7.0 -2.9 -4.0
Chain-type quantity index
1.2
.9
1.0 7.6
.8 -.1
Chain-type price index
0
1.2
1.0 7.6
Implicit price deflator
.8
.9
Nondefense:
2.6 16.1 -17.8 20.3 17.2
Current dollars
6.1
6.1
1.0 13.2 -17.4 17.8
Chain-type quantity index
4.6
1.6 2.6
1.4
-.4
2.1 10.4
Chain-type price index
1.6 2.6
1.4
-.4
2.1 10.4
Implicit price deflator
State and local:
4.7
9.7
6.1
3.7
5.1
Current dollars
5.9
3.0
8.2
3.2
3.8
3.3
2.3
Chain-type quantity index
1.7 2.8
1.4
1.8
2.1
Chain-type price index
1.3
1.7 2.8
1.4
1.8
2.1
Implicit price deflator
1.3
Addenda:
Final sales of domestic product:
6.7
6.3
7.2
5.5
5.8
3.8
Current dollars
5.1
6.2
4.6
4.3
4.0
2.4
Chain-type quantity index
1.2
1.7 1.2
1.4
2.0
Chain-type price index
1.2
1.7 1.2
1.4
2.0
Implicit price deflator
Gross domestic purchases:
5.1
6.2
7.5
6.2
5.8
6.6
Current dollars
5.4
5.8
4.7
4.1
4.6
5.5
Chain-type quantity index
.7
1.6
1.4
1.1
1.0
Chain-type price index
.8
Q
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.1
.7
Implicit price deflator
Final sales to domestic purchasers:
6.2
5.7
8.0
4.3
6.8
8.5
Current dollars
4.2
5.4
7.1
3.2
5.8
6.7
Chain-type quantity index
1.4
1.1
1.0
1.7
.8
.8
Chain-type price index
1.4
1.1
1.0
1.7
Implicit price deflator
.8
.8
Gross national product:
7.4
Current dollars
5.4
3.3
4.1
5.8
6.0
4.1
Chain-type quantity index
3.8
4.3
2.0
2.6
6.3
Chain-type price index
2.0
1.7 1.2
1.4
1.1
.9
1.2
1.7
Implicit price deflator
1.5
1.3
1.0 2.0
Command-basis gross national product:
4.6 4.5 2.3 2.7 6.2 4.1
Chain-type quantity index
Disposable personal income:
5.7
Current dollars
5.6
5.4
4.9
6.0
5.1
4.5
3.8
4.1
4.1
4.8
Chained (1996) dollars
3.6
Final sales of computers ':
7.4
Current dollars
-.3
6.3 10.7 15.3
Chain-type quantity index
45.4 53.9 62.2 77.5 44.4 31.6
Chain-type price index
-26.9 -28.0 -29.4 -39.9 -31.2 -28.6
Implicit price deflator
-26.9 -28.0 -28.9 -39.5 -30.9 -28.6
Gross domestic product less final sales
of computers:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index

4.3
1.3
2.9
2.9

8.0
4.5
3.3
3.3

3.0
2.1

6.0
4.1
1.8
1.8

-1.6
-2.6
1.0
1.0

13.1
11.2
1.8
1.8

Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator
Imports of services:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

-2.2

-.6

Government consumption expenditures
and gross investment:

Current dollars

11.7 -5.3
10.9 -7.1
.7
1.8
.7
1.9
4.9
.9
4.0
4.0

9.1
4.8
4.2
4.2

4.8
3.4
1.4
1.4

5.7
4.5
1.1
1.2

5.2
3.2
1.9
1.9

8.1
6.3
1.7
1.7

6.7
4.7
2.0
2.0

7.0
5.2
1.8
1.8

3.3
1.9
1.3
1.4

6.8
5.6
1.1
1.0

1.4

5.1

5.5
3.2

4.8
2.9

21.4 24.0
44.2 53.2
-15.8 -19.0
-15.8 -19.1

6.6
5.2
1.3
1.3

Implicit price deflator
Gross domestic purchases less final
sales of computers:
Current dollars
Chain-type quantity index
Chain-type price index
Implicit price deflator

5.8
4.0
1.6
1.8

6.6
4.9
1.5
1.6

7.4
5.3
2.0
2.0

4.9
2.6
2.2
2.3

8.0
5.8
2.1
2.1

D-26 • National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table 8.3.—Contributions to Percent Change in Real Personal
Consumption Expenditures by Major Type of Product

Table 8.2.—Contributions to Percent Change in Real Gross Domestic
Product
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1998

1998

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

1999
1997

1998

1998
III

Percent change at annual rate:
4.5

4.3

2.1

3.8

5.9

3.7

2.51

3.24

3.96

2.64

3.13

4.27

3.36

3.33

Durable goods
Motor vehicles and parts
Furniture and household
equipment
Other

.51
.09

.86
.33

.84
.47

.33
-.23

1.51
.94

.96
.13

.71
.30

.62
.10

.31
.10

.39
.13

.23
.14

.47
.08

.44
.13

.55
.28

.34
.08

.39
.13

Nondurable goods
Food
Clothing and shoes
Gasoline, fuel oil, and other
energy goods
Other

.59
.17
.16

.79
.26
.25

1.28
.60
.24

.49
.23
-.04

.98
.60
.16

1.68
.20
.82

.64
.24
.09

.73
.26
.21

.02
.24

.01
.27

.07
.36

.03
.27

-.05
.27

.04
.62

.04
.28

.03
.23

1.41
.18
.13
-.02
.14
.16
.21
.10
.63

1.59
.24
.21
.03
.18
.10
.29
.12
.63

1.85
.28
.53
.37
.15
.14
.30
.05
.55

1.83
.20
.42
.20
.21
.01
.19
.18
.83

.64
.21
-.37
-.49
.11
.07
.29
.12
.32

1.63
.31
.38
.24
.15
.08
.16
.27
.43

2.01
.23
.21
.05
.16
.10
.30
.31
.85

1.97
.27
.25
.14
.11
.12
.43
.35
.56

Gross private domestic investment...

1.82

1.93

-.85

1.74

1.94

.67

-.36

2.25

Fixed investment
Nonresidential
Structures
Equipment and software
Information processing
equipment and software ...
Computers and peripheral
equipment

1.31
1.22
.25
.97

1.86
1.49
.13
1.37

1.95
1.42
.22
1.21

.34
.01
-.21
.22

2.20
1.79
.18
1.61

1.48
.94
-.18
1.12

1.10
.86
-.16
1.02

1.16
1.33
-.11
1.44

.64

.85

.83

.71

.80

.80

1.09

Gross domestic product

1.9

5.7

Percentage points at annual rates:
Personal consumption expenditures

Services
Housing
Household operation
Electricity and gas
Other household operation
Transportation
Medical care
Recreation
Other

Softwarel

Other
Industrial equipment
Transportation equipment
Other
Residential
Change in private inventories
Farm
Nonfarm
Net exports of goods and services ...
Exports
Goods
Services
Imports
Goods
Services
Government consumption
expenditures and gross
investment

.45
.23
.14
.04
.13
.21
.53

.36
.25
.09
.04
-.59
.06
.33

.43
.26
.12
.01
.99
-.19
.41

.33
.16
.30
-.17
.22
.27
.53

.40
.23
.46
.07
.03
-.17
.24

.40
.21
.27
.16
.55
-.14
-.17

.07 -2.80
-.02 -.52
.09 -2.27

1.40
.30
1.10

-.26
.58
-.84

-.80 -1.46
-.16 -.24
-.64 -1.22

1.09
-.18
1.27

-.25 -1.18 -2.01

-.82

.33 -2.13 -1.35

-.72

.32
.18
.14
.06
.14
.13
.09
.50
-.05
.55

.45
.23
.17
.08
.31
.12
.37

1.40
.25 -.45
1.12
.17 -.73
.28
.28
.08
-1.65 -1.43 -1.56
-1.43 -1.21 -1.36
-.22 -.22 -.20

.42 1.19
-.18 1.65 -.61
.32 1.19
.12 1.38 -.74
-.30
.10 0
.13
.27
-.65 -1.32 -1.52 -1.77 -1.91
-.51 -1.29 -1.28 -1.59 -1.83
-.13 -.03 -.24 -.19 -.08

.42

.31

1.03

.23

.51

.87

.23

.81

Federal
National defense
Consumption expenditures
Gross investment
Nondefense
Consumption expenditures
Gross investment

-.01
-.11
-.04
-.07
.10
.09
.02

-.06
-.08
-.10
.02
.02
-.03
.05

.69
.42
.40
.02
.27
.11
.17

-.14
.27
.01
.26
-.42
-.33
-.09

.24
-.12
0
-12
.36
.30
.06

-.03
-.16
-.19
.03
.13
.08
.06

.13
-.10
-.21
.11
.23
.06
.17

.26
.42
.42
0
-.16
-.10
-.06

State and local
Consumption expenditures
Gross investment

.43
.30
.13

.37
.31
.06

.33
.32
.01

.37
.24
.13

.28
.29
-.02

.90
.31
.59

.10
.32
-.22

.55
.37
.18

2.26 -1.16
1.55 2.64
.49
.65
.26 -.30
.47
.51

2.12
1.41
.25
.21
.62

4.26
1.18
.46
1.94
.40

1.14
1.65
.89
-.87
.29

.18
1.96
-.26
.29
.38

3.47
2.37
-.17
.87
.47

Addenda:
Goods
Services
Structures
Motor vehicle output
Final sales of computers2

2.41
1.71
.38
.23
.39

1. Excludes software "embedded," or bundled, in computers and other equipment.
2. For some components of final sales of computers, includes computer parts.
NOTE.—The quantity indexes on which the estimates in this table are based are shown in tables 7.1, 7.2, 7.4,
7.6, 7.9, 7.11, and 7.17.




Percent change at annual rate:
Personal consumption
expenditures

1999
IV

3.9

4.6

6.5

5.1

4.9

1.29

.49

2.24

1.45

1.07

.92

.71
.36
.21

-.34
.70
.12

1.40
.66
.19

.20
.83
.42

.45
.51
.12

.15
.58
.19

1.19

1.96

.72

1.44

2.56

.40
.38

.93
.37

.35
-.06

.23

.32
1.24

.36
.14

.38
.30

.03
.04
-.01
.36

.01
.03
-.01
.41

.11
.08
.03
.55

.04
.04
0
.40

-.07
-.04
-.03
.39

.06
-.03
.09
.94

.06
.03
.03
.42

.04
.05
-.01
.34

2.11

2.39

2.85

2.73

.93

2.54

3.03

2.90

.27
.19
-.02
.21
.23
.32
.16
.94

.36
.31
.04
.28
.15
.44
.18
.95

.44
.80
.57
.23
.21
.48
.08
.85

.29
.63
.31
.32
.02
.28
.27
1.24

.30
-.56
-.73
.17
.11
.42
.18
.47

.49
.58
.36
.22
.12
.27
.40
.67

.35
.32
.07
.25
.15
.46
.47
1.28

.39
.37
.20
.16
.17
.63
.51
.82

.01

.05

.67

.34

.42

.13

.24

3.49

4.42

4.49

3.25

5.81

4.58

4.26

3.7

4.9

6.1

.77

1.29

.14
.47
.16

.50
.59
.20

.87
.25
.24

Percentage points at annual rates:
Durable goods
Motor vehicles and parts
Furniture and household equipment
Other.
Nondurable goods
Food
Clothing and shoes
Gasoline, fuel oil, and other energy
goods
Gasoline and oil
Fuel oil and coal
:
Other
Services
Housing
Household operation
Electricity and gas
Other household operation .
Transportation
Medical care
Recreation
Other
Addenda:
Energy goods and servicesl
Personal consumption expenditures less
food and energy

4.53

1.07

1. Consists of gasoline, fuel oil, and other energy goods, and of electricity and gas.
NOTE.—The quantity indexes on which the estimates in this table are based are shown in tables 7.4. The estimates in this table differ from those in table 8.2 because this table shows contributions to real personal consumption
expenditures, whereas table 8.2 shows contributions to real gross domestic product.

National Data •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

Table 8.6.—Contributions to Percent Change in Real Government
Consumption Expenditures and Gross Investment by Type

Table 8.4.—Contributions to Percent Change in Real Private Fixed
Investment by Type
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

III

8.5

11.8

12.5

2.0 13.8

9.1

6.6

6.8

7.91

9.50

9.12

.04 11.20

5.81

5.18

7.81

1.60

.81

1.43 -1.27

1.20 -1.04

-.94

-.65

1.14
-.03

.74
.18

1.03
.05

-.21
.05

1.06
.25

-.21 -1.52 -1.09
.14
-.15 -.03

.47
.02

-.09
-.02

.20
.15

-.92
-.19

-.20
.08

-.62
-.06

.30
.31

.53
-.22

6.31

8.69

7.69

1.31 10.00

6.85

6.11

8.46

4.16

5.42

5.21

4.22

4.82

6.44

5.14

2.06
1.16
.94
.40
.89
.86

2.87
1.46
1.09

2.79 2.15 2.63 2.00
1.48 1.51 1.60 1.00
.56 .76 1.82
.94
.22 .05 -1.00
.31
.86 -3.51 6.03 1.37

.61

Structures
,
Nonresidential buildings, including
farm
Utilities
Mining exploration, shafts, and

wells

Other structures
Equipment and software
Information processing equipment
and software
Computers and peripheral
equipment1
Software2
Other
Industrial equipment
Transportation equipment
Other
Residential .

2.34

.53
1.96
.78

4.99

1.31
3.36

.37 -1.07

1.66

2.36 2.33
1.36 1.24
2.72 1.58
.42 .92
.22 3.23
-.98 -.83

1.97

2.62

3.25

1.44 -.98
-.01 -1.11
-.12 -.01
1.52
.11

Structures .
Single family
Multifamily
Other structures ,

.59 2.30
.05
.13
.41

1.63
-.01

3.30
2.35
-.45
1.41

1.96
1.79
-.12
.29

2.59
1.65
-.02

.96

3.16
1.89
.70
.58

Equipment

.02

.04

.06

.01

.04

.09

1.39 -1.01

.06

.04

1. Includes new computers and p
2. Excludes software "embedded," or bundled, in computers and other equipment.
NOTE.—The quantity indexes on which the estimates in this table are based are shown in table 7.6. The estimates in this table differ from those in table 8.2 because this table shows contributions to real private fixed investment, whereas table 8.2 shows contributions to real gross domestic product.

Table 8.5.—Contributions to Percent Change in Real Exports and in Real
Imports of Goods and Services by Type of Product
Percent change at annual rate:

12.7

2.2 -4.0

10.22

Exports of goods and services

.01
1.40
6.52

-5.5

4.0 11.5

1.47 -6.46

1.07 13.34 -6.70

3.02 11.51

-.05 -1.14
-.17 -1.53
1.31 -2.98

-.97
-.56
4.32

2.29 -1.61
1.42 -1.94
4.97 -2.78

1.06
1.15
-.45

1.02
1.04
9.00

-.10 -1.86 -1.85
.41
.56
.20
.64 -.44
.28

2.77 -1.39
-.39
.23
2.28
.79

1.46
-.18
-.02

.37
.63
-.56

.98

.02

-1.7

16.1

Percentage points at annual rates:
Exports of goods1
Foods, feeds, and beverages
Industrial supplies and materials
Capital goods, except automotive
Automotive vehicles, engines, and
parts
Consumer goods, except automotive
Other
Exports of services

l

.97
.78
.54
2.51

.72

13.7

11.6

2.50 -2.73

2.75

1.23

5.2

10.8

12.5

Percent change at annual rate:
Imports of goods and services

13.0

14.4 14.9

Percentage points at annual rates:
Imports of goods l
Foods, feeds, and beverages
Industrial supplies and materials,
except petroleum and products
Petroleum and products
Capital goods, except automotive
Automotive vehicles, engines, and
parts
Consumer goods, except automotive
Other
Imports of services1

11.90

9.81 11.35

4.12 10.52 10.53 12.85 14.22

.38

.28

.21

.07

.34

.78

.39

1.10
.34
5.79

1.38
.41
3.51

2.25
1.77
2.93

.73 -.70
.12 -1.17
1.19 2.80

.08
.28
2.36

1.16
1.05
6.39

1.12
2.54 2.48
.62 .86

.20
3.38
.60

-.15
1.03
.95

5.94
.69

2.90

3.52
2.99
.96

1.12
1.82
.53

1.65

1.05

.33

1.99

1.55

.70

2.3

1.7

IV

6.0

1.3

2.9

5.1

1.3

1.35

-.16

4.5

Percentage points at annual rates:
Federal
National defense
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Services
Compensation of general
government employees,
except own-account
investment3
Consumption of general
government fixed capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software
Nondefense
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Services
Compensation of general
government employees,
except own-account
investment3
Consumption of general
government fixed capital 4
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software
State and local
Consumption expenditures
Durable goods 2
Nondurable goods
Services
Compensation of general
government employees,
except own-account
investment3
Consumption of general
government fixed capital 4 ....
Other services
Gross investment
Structures
Equipment and software

-.05

-.33

4.02

-.82

.74

1.45

-.61
-.21
-.01
0
-.20

-.45
-.55
.02
.02

2.43
2.34
.15
.01
2.17

-.67 -.92 -.59
-.01 -1.08 -1.21
.19
-.10 -.26
.17
-.18 -.09
-.56
.27 -.73 -1.56

2.38
2.40
.33
.44

-.34

-.28

-.35

-.02

-.47

-.32

-.13

.07

-.03
.17
-.41
-.08
-.33

-.03
-.29
.10
-.03

-.02
2.54
.09
-.16
.26

-.02
-.51
1.50
.20
1.30

-.01
.74
-.66
-.20
-.46

-.01
.01
-.40 -1.44
.16
.62
.06 -.03
.65

.03
1.53
-.03
-.05
.02

.57
.47
.02
.13
.32

.12
-.15
-.09
.02

1.60 -2.37

2.02
1.71
1.49
.07
.15

-.03

.06

.24

.03

.38

.03

-.26

-.23

.10
.25
.10
-.12
.22

.12
-.26
.27
.08
.19

.12
.18
.97
.01
.96

.12
-.51
-.49
.18
-.67

.12
-.34

.32
-.06
.37

.12
-.02
.32
.03
.29

.12
.49
.97
1.22

.13
-.51
-.33
.13
-.47

2.38
1.64
.07
.36
1.21

2.06

2.00
1.92
.08
.40
1.44

2.08
1.37
.07
.36
.94

1.52
1.63
.07
.34
1.22

5.17
1.78
.07
.36

1.36

.57
1.84
.07
.36
1.41

3.09
2.07
.07
.38
1.62

.33

.71

.80

.83

1.10

.25
.36
.72
.37
.35

.26
.26
-.11
-.46
.36

.26
.29

.26
.31
3.38 -1.26
3.10 -1.57
.28
.30

.27
.25
1.02
.56
.46

.13

1.75
.08
,41
1.26

.58

.24
.52
.31
-.07
.38

.62 -1.88
.01 -1.55
.06
.02
.54 -.35

.50

.22
.41
.74
.42
.32

1.55
.05
.31
.29

.25
.51
.08
-.31
.39

1.63

.75 1.33 -.93
.44 .36 -.60
.04 .04 -.06
.27 -.02
.08
.13 .34 -.62

-.26

1. Gross government investment consists of general government and government enterprise expenditures for fixed
assets; inventory investment is included in government consumption expenditures.
2. Consumption expenditures for durable goods excludes expenditures classified as investment, except for goods
transferred to foreign countries by the Federal Government.
3. Compensation of government employees engaged in new own-account investment and related expenditures
for goods and services are classified as investment in structures and in software.
4. Consumption of fixed capital, or depreciation, is included in government consumption expenditures as a partial
measure of the value of the services of general government fixed assets; use of depreciation assumes a zero
net return on these assets.
NOTE.—The quantity indexes on which the estimates in this table are based are shown in tables 7.11. The estimates in this table differ from those in table 8.2 because this table shows contributions to real government consumption expenditures and gross investment, whereas table 8.2 shows contributions to real gross domestic product.

3.63
3.53
.75

1.82

Percent change at annual rate:
Government consumption
expenditures and gross
investmentl

1999

1.45
-.66
5.13

1.78

.25

1. Exports and imports of certain $,
ment, are included in services. Beginning with 19c
goods to services.
NOTE.—The quantity indexes on which the estimates in this table are based are shown in table 7.10. The estimates in this table differ from those in table 8.2 because this table shows contributions to real exports and to
real imports, whereas table 8.2 shows contributions to real gross domestic product. Because imports are subtracted
in the calculation of gross domestic product, the contributions of components of real imports have opposite signs
in this table and in table 8.2.




1998

IV

Percentage points at annual rates:
Nonresidential

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1999
ill

Percent change at annual rate:
Private fixed investment

D-27

The NIPA tables 8.4 and 8.5 that were published in last month's issue
of the SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS contained errors. For more

information, see "Errata" on page 35 of this issue.

D-28

• National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table 8.7.—Selected Per Capita Product and Income Series in Current and Chained Dollars
[Dollars]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1998

Current dollars:
Gross domestic product
Gross national product
Personal income
Disposable personal income
Personal consumption expenditures
Durable goods
Nondurable go<
Services

30,968
30,983
25,932
22,320
20,610
2,398
6,125
12,087

32,373
32,336
27,195
23,231
21,614
2,580
6,315
12,718

32,136
32,136
27,001
23,086
21,524
2,568
6,296
12,660

32,471
32,376
27,362
23,345
21,737
2,572
6,336
12,830

32,941
32,878
27,725
23,628
21,993
2,661
6,417
12,915

33,338
33,285
28,037
23,904
22,381
2,715
6,569
13,096

33,530
33,477
28,348
24,171
22,732
2,755
6,690
13,287

33,993
33,937
28,632
24,389
23,047
2,785
6,778
13,483

Chained (1996) dollars:
Gross domestic product
Gross national product
Disposable personal income
Personal consumption expenditures
Durable goods
NonduraBle goods
Services

30,461
30,476
21,954
20,272
2,452
6,044
11,777

31,472
31,434
22,636
21,060
2,703
6,228
12,138

31,298
31,295
22,528
21,004
2,679
6,224
12,109

31,504
31,411
22,715
21,151
2,699
6,245
12,215

31,879
31,816
22,924
21,338
2,820
6,305
12,230

32,107
32,054
23,110
21,637
2,898
6,429
12,334

32,182
32,130
23,239
21,856
2,955
6,466
12,462

32,541
32,486
23,343
22,058
3,002
6,505
12,579

Population (mid-period, thousands)

1998

1999

268,046 270,595 270,219 270,946 271,623 272,145 272,778 273,518

Table 8.8B.-Motor Vehicle Output

Table 8.9B.-Real Motor Vehicle Output

[Billions of dollars]

[Billions of chained (1996) dollars]
Seasonally adjusted at annual rates

Seasonally adjusted at annual rates
1997

1998

1998

III
Motor vehicle output
Auto output
Truck output *
Final sales of domestic product

1997

1999
IV

II

293.5 313.3 296.9 306.1 345.3 325.0 330.9 355.0
127.0 130.5 117.6 133.0 143.5 121.2 122.7 128.7
166.4 182.8 179.3 173.2 201.9 203.8 208.2 226.3
288.8 312.3 315.8 301.5 329.0 319.3 329.3 339.2

Personal consumption expenditures
New motor vehicles
Autos
Light trucks
Net purchases of used autos

207.0 228.9 228.0 225.4 241.8 242.0 248.1 251.9
153.6 173.3 179.4 166.2 181.5 181.8 188.3 190.1
82.8 90.6 93.3 86.8 94.3 95.4 100.6 99.7
70.8 82.7 86.1 79.3 87.2 86.3 87.6 90.4
53.4 55.5 48.6 59.2 60.3 60.2 59.8 61.8

Private fixed investment
New motor vehicles
Autos
Trucks
Light trucks
Other
Net purchases of used autos

130.2 139.2 139.2 132.3
165.2 175.4 177.0 166.9
76.7 76.7 79.1 71.0
88.5 98.7 97.8 96.0
59.5 64.1 65.6 60.3
29.0 34.7 32.3 35.7
-35.0 -36.3 -37.8 -34.6

Gross government investment
Autos
New trucks
Net exports
Exports
Autos
Trucks
Imports
Autos
Trucks

12.0
3.6
8.4

11.9
3.8
8.1

-60.3
27.7
16.8
10.9
88.0
72.2
15.8

26.7
16.2
10.5
94.3
79.4
15.0

13.2
3.9
9.2

10.7
3.7
7.0

Private fixed investment
New motor vehicles
Autos
Trucks
Light trucks
Other
Net purchases of used autos

129.1
165.6
76.6
89.0
60.0
29.0
-36.4

12.9
4.1
8.8

11.7
3.8
8.0

10.9
3.7
7.2

13.2
4.3
8.9

Gross government investment
Autos
New trucks

12.0
3.5
8.5

1.0 -18.9

4.6

16.3

5.7

1.6

15.8

3.3 -7.7
2.6 -14.9
1.0 -15.9
1.0
1.6
7.2
.7

8.0
11.0
11.7
-.7
^3.0

12.1
11.9
9.5
2.4
.1

.9
.2
.2
0
.7

-8.4
-£1
-7.7
1.6
-2.3

5.4
4.1
3.5
.6
1.3

New trucks
Domestic
Foreign

3.6
2.9
.6

-2.3 -11.2
-2.1 -12.1
-.1
.9

-3.4
-1.7
-1.7

4.2
4.2
0

4.8
3.6
1.2

10.0
10.4
-.4

10.4
11.3
-1.0

Addenda:
Final sales of motor vehicles to
domestic purchasers
Private fixed investment in new autos
and new light trucks
Domestic output of new autos 2
Sales of imported new autos 3

Net exports
Exports
Autos
Trucks
Imports
Autos
Trucks

349.2 379.9 380.3 368.4 405.5 407.6 416.1 434.9
136.2 140.8 144.7 131.3 148.8 150.7 156.2 168.3
116.2 114.2 104.5 116.3 122.8 114.0 114.0 121.7
60.5 71.2 72.6 66.8 76.7 74.7 79.8 80.9

139.0 139.5 132.1 150.1 152.3 156.0 170.0
177.5 179.8 168.8 188.7 192.2 198.2 212.7
77.3 79.9 71.4 79.8 77.2 81.7 84.2
100.3 99.9 97.5 109.0 115.0 116.6 128.5
66.1 68.1 62.4 71.2 76.3 77.9 88.1
34.1 31.9 35.0 37.7 38.8 38.8 40.6
-42.4
-38.4 -40.3 -36.6 -38.5 -39.8
11.9
3.6
8.2

13.2
3.8
9.4

10.7
3.6
7.1

12.8
4.0
8.8

11.7
3.7
8.0

10.8
3.5
7.3

13.1
4.1
8.9

-59.9 -66.9 -63.8 -66.5 -75.3 -86.3 -84.7 -93.3
27.3 26.1 26.7 23.2 25.7 23.9 26.2 24.3
16.7 16.0 15.8 14.4 16.9 15.3 17.4 15.2
9.1
8.8
8.8
8.8
10.7 10.1 10.9
8.6
87.3 93.0 90.5 89.7 101.1 110.2 110.8 117.6
78.3 76.8 75.1 85.4 92.0 89.7 97.7
71.6
15.7 14.7 13.7 14.6 15.6 18.2 21.2 19.9
5.2

1.0 -18.1

3.6

16.6

6.4

2.5

13.3

Autos
New
Domestic
Foreign
Used

1.6
.4
.5
-.1
1.3

3.4 -7.2
2.6 -14.4
1.1 -15.7
1.5
1.1
.8
7.7

7.2
10.2
11.0
-.7
-3.2

12.9
12.6
10.4
2.2
.1

1.7
1.0
1.0
-.1
.8

-7.9
-5.4
-7.0
1.5
-2.5

3.3
1.9
1.3
.7
1.3

New trucks
Domestic
Foreign

3.5
2.9
.6

-2.2 -10.6
-2.0 -11.4
-.1

-5.2
-1.6
-1.7

3.9
3.9
0

4.5
3.3
1.1

9.2
9.6

9.4
10.2
-.9

Change in private inventories

Residual

1. Except for exports and imports, consists of new trucks only.
2. Consists of final sales and change in private inventories of new autos assembled in the United States.
3. Consists of personal consumption expenditures, private fixed investment, and gross government investment.




207.4 230.9 230.6 225.9 244.3 245.2 251.3 252.8
152.6 173.2 179.7 165.8 181.3 181.9 188.8 190.3
82.7 91.2 94.1 87.3 95.0 96.6 102.2 101.4
69.9 81.9 85.5 78.5 86.2 85.3 86.6 88.9
54.8 57.6 50.6 60.1 63.0 63.2 62.4 62.4

169.8
210.6
82.8
127.7
85.4
42.3
-40.7

1.0
-.2
-.2
0
1.2

I

Personal consumption expenditures
New motor vehicles
Autos
Light trucks
Net purchases of used autos

157.1
196.4
80.5
115.9
75.7
40.2
-39.3

4.6

IV

314.8 319.4 302.1 331.8 322.4 333.1 342.2

Final sales of domestic product

153.8
190.8
76.3
114.5
74.4
40.1
-37.0

-64.5 -66.9 -76.5 -88.3 -86.8 -95.7
27.2 23.8 26.3 24.6 27.0 25.1
15.9 14.7 17.2 15.6 17.7 15.5
9.6
9.3
9.2
9.0
9.1
11.3
91.8 90.7 102.8 112.9 113.8 120.8
77.8 75.8 86.8 94.1 92.0 100.2
14.0 14.9 16.0 18.8 21.8 20.7

III

293.7 315.7 301.1 305.7 348.6 329.0 335.7 355.8
128.0 132.3 120.3 131.9 147.2 125.1 127.4 129.8
165.7 183.4 180.7 173.8 201.4 203.4 207.8 225.4

150.7
187.6
79.2
108.5
69.7
38.8
-36.9

Autos
New
Domestic
Foreign
Used

Change in private inventories

Motor vehicle output
Auto output
Truck output1

1999

1998

1998

I

Addenda:
Final sales of motor vehicles to
domestic purchasers
Private fixed investment in new autos
and new light trucks
Domestic output of new autos 2
Sales of imported new autos 3

-.2

-.3

-.6

-.1

348.6 381.7 383.3 368.7 407.2 409.2 418.1 436.0
136.6 143.3 147.9 133.7 150.9 153.3 159.4 172.1
116.4 114.6 105.6 115.6 123.8 115.4 115.9 121.3
60.5 71.7 73.3 67.1 77.3 75.5 81.0 82.2

1. Except for exports and imports, consists of new trucks only.
2. Consists of final sales and change in private inventories of new autos assembled in the United States.
3. Consists of personal consumption expenditures, private fixed investment, and gross government investment.
NOTE.-Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
The residual line is the difference between the first line and the sum of the most detailed lines, excluding the
lines in the addenda.
Chain-type quantity indexes for the series in this table are shown in table 7.18B.

B. Other

National Data •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

D-29

and NiPA-Related Tables.

NIPA

Monthly Estimates:
Tables B.i and B.2 include the most recent estimates of personal income and its components; these estimates were
released on December 23,1999 and include "preliminary" estimates for November 1999 and "revised" estimates
for July-October 1999.
Table B.1.—Personal Income
[Billions of dollars; monthly estimates seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
1997

Oct.

Dec.

Jan.

June

July

Aug. r

Sept.'"

Oct. r

Nov.-

7,721.8

7,783.3

7,806.0

7,840.0

7,848.1

7,948.5

7,983.9

4,432.1
3,711.3
1,074.8

4,455.4
3,731.9
1,080.4
779.0
1,003.1
1,648.4
723.5

4,491.4
3,764.2
1,089.8
786.0
1,009.8
1,664.6
727.2

4,508.2
3,777.6
1,087.3
785.2
1,013.1
1,677.2
730.7

4,528.5
3,795.6
1,093.6
788.0
1,017.3
1,684.6
732.9

4,556.4
3,820.7
1,100.2
792.5
1,020.5
1,700.0
735.7

4,570.0
3,831.6
1,097.9
786.9
1,023.1
1,710.6
738.4

Mar.

Feb.

Apr,

May

7,692.7

6,951.1

7,358.9

7,481.5

7,556.5

7,554.5

7,599.0

7,636.4

7,655.3

3,888.9
3,224.4

4,186.0

4,272.0
3,571.2

4,350.7
3,637.6
1,060.4
766.3
981.3

4,385.8

4,410.4

3,667.7

1,038.7
757.5

4,301.1
3,598.4
1,056.4

4,318.8
3,614.0

975.5

Personal Income

3,690.7
1,070.2
770.5
993.4
1,627.1

944.6
1,509.9
692.8

766.0
963.8

765.5
970.9

1,059.7
765.2
975.0

1,553.6

1,579.3
704.8

1,596.0

700.9

1,571.1
702.8

713.1

4,377.9
3,661.7
1,063.8
767.2
989.7
1,608.2
716.1

719.8

1,640.0
720.8

500.9

515.7

520.6

522.1

523.6

526.1

528.1

529.8

531.3

533.0

534.8

536.7

538.6

540.3

542.0

543.8

578.6
29.5
549.1

Wage and salary disbursements
Private industries
Goods-producing industries
Manufacturing
Distributive industries
Service industries
Government
Otnor labor income

Nov.

606.1
25.1
581.0

622.0
29.6
592.4

655.3
60.0
595.3

634.0
33.7
600.3

637.3
33.6
603.7

641.6
33.7
608.0

640.9
30.1
610.8

648.4
30.1
618.4

646.6
27.3
619.4

670.8
45.0
625.8

653.7
23.5
630.2

657.8
21.4
636.4

650.6
18.0

689.2
47.1
642.1

698.2
49.3
648.9

147.6

148.8

150.5

144.9

143.6

128.5

356.0

359.3

361.2

363.0

364.9

367.0

905.8

906.8

149.3
357.6
909.6

147.3

354.6

914.3

921.0

926.2

932.4

945.3

952.2

958.8

1,004.7
587.4
20.4
396.9

1,006.6
588.6
20.4
397.5

1,012.0
590.5
20.7
400.8

1,011.3
592.0
20.4
398.9

1,013.0
592.5
20.1
400.3

1,016.4
594.5
20.4
401.5

1,017.8
596.8
20.2
400.8

1,022.6
599.4
20.4
402.8

1,023.6
600.8
20.1
402.8

1,028.3
19.9
404.2

1,029.5
604.3
20.1
405.1

327.7

329.3

329.6

331.1

332.3

333.7

335.7

336.6

337.8

339.3

340.0

718.8
879.1
1,369.8
664.4
.*....

»

....*

Proprietors' income with IVA and CCAdj
Farm
Nonfarm

3,493.2

1,053.7

Personal interest income

854.9

906.8

906.3

146.7
353.2
906.2

Transfer payments to persons
Old-age, survivors, disability, and health insurance benefits
Government unemployment insurance benefits

962.4
565.8
20.0
376.6

578.1
19.8
385.7

986.9
579.5
18.3
389.1

991.1
580.0
20.9
390.2

995.1
583.7
20.6
390.7

Less: Personal contributions for social insurance

298.1

315.9

320.6

322.2

323.1

Rental income of persons with CCAdj

130.2

137.4

143.3

150.9

Personal dividend income

333.4

348.3

350.6

351.9

983.6

p Preliminary.
r
Revised.
CCAdj Capital consumption adjustment.

1,064.4
767.5
987.8
1,615.5
718.1

774.9
996.4

632.5

148.7

150.6

371.1

373.1

604.3

IVA Inventory valuation adjustment.
Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Table B.2.—The Disposition of Personal Income
1997

1998
Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

|

Feb.

|

Mar.

|

Apr.

|

May

|

June

|

July"

| Aug/

| Sept." |

Ocf

| Nov./'

Billions of dollars, unless otherwise indicated
6,951.1

7,358.9

7,481.5

7,556.5

7,554.5

7,599.0

7,636.4

7,655.3

7,692.7

7,721.8

7,783.3

7,806.0

7,840.0

7,848.1

7,948.5

968.3

1,072.6

1,113.7

1,122.8

1,124.0

1,128.3

1,122.2

1,151.0

1,170.7

1,175.9

1,182.7

6,286.2

6,442.8

6,431.7

6,475.0

6,508.1

6,533.1

6,633.8

6,646.5

6,677.4

6,772.7

6,801.2

Less: Personal outlays

5,711.7

6,056.6

6,163.0

6,179.5

6,228.3

6,256.6

6,309.0

6,365.4

6,459.6

6,485.7

6,537.7

6,571.0

6,617.8

6,648.9

5,524.4
642.9
1,641.7

5,947.9
715.2
1,731.3
3,501.4

5,962.8
718.4
1,742.9
3,501.4

6,010.5
734.8
1,754.6
3,521.1

6,038.0
721.4
1,771.2
3,545.4

6,259.1

6,309.9
765.7

6,342.2
766.6

6,387.0

741.9
1,790.6
3,556.8

6,145.0
753.8
1,801.6
3,589.6

6,231.8
757.8
1,829.8

767.6

6,416.7
777.3

3,239.8

5,848.6
698.2
1,708.8
3,441.5

1,139.4
6,582.4
6,425.6
6,202.1
752.0
1,826.3
3,623.8

1,159.5

5,982.8

1,129.3
6,563.5
6,390.6
6,168.4
745.0
1,818.3
3,605.1

1,149.5

Equals: Disposable personal income

1,102.6
6,379.0

3,644.1

1,854.9
3,689.2

1,870.4
3,705.1

1,884.8
3,734.6

1,891.7
3,747.6

166.7
20.6

185.7
22.3

191.7
23.3

193.4
23.3

194.4
23.3

195.2
23.5

196.2
23.5

196.9
23.5

197.6
24.6

198.9
24.6

203.3
24.6

3,669.5
202.1
24.5

203.3
24.5

204.4
24.5

206.3
24.5

207.8
24.5

271.1

229.7

215.9

263.3

203.4

218.4

199.1

167.8

172.9

156.8

174.2

160.8

151.4

106.4

154.9

152.3

5,884.7

6,125.1

6,192.6

6,252.9

6,234.3

6,261.2

6,291.1

6,315.5

6,308.3

6,328.2

6,380.9

6,377.8

6,403.5

6,373.3

6,447.8

6,472.4

22320
21,954
268,046

23,231
22,636
270,595

23,501
22,814
271,432

23,719
23,020
271,633

23,663
22,937
271,803

23,808
23,022
271,965

23,915
23,117
272,136

23,190
272,335

24,082
23,145
272,551

24,131
23,200
272,771

24,299
23,372
273,011

24,323
23,340
273,260

24,455
23,411
273,520

24,390
23,280
273,773

24,717 24,803
23,532 23,604
274,005 274,209

5,433.8
657.4
1,619.9
3,156.7
101.67

731.5
1,685.3
3,284.5
102.63

5,774.1
756.3
1,701.5
3,320.3
103.01

5,787.0
762.5
1,714.7
3,314.6
103.04

5,826.1
779.2
1,721.6
3,331.2
103.17

5,838.6
766.7
1,732.3
3,344.2
103.42

5,886.3
791.1
1,752.8
3,349.3
103.45

5,940.3
808.6
1,763.6
3,376.2
103.45

5,928.6
796.6
1,755.4
3,383.2
104.05

5,962.6
806.4
1,765.1
3,398.3
104.02

5,994.2
815.3
1,770.5
3,416.2
103.96

6,006.0
810.8
1,771.9
3,430.3
104.21

6,040.5
826.0
1,782.6
3,440.3
104.46

6,053.3
826.9
1,783.3
3,451.3
104.77

6,080.6
829.4
1,794.4
3,464.9
105.04

6,106.5
841.0
1,803.4
3,471.4
105.08

4.5

3.7

3.4

4.1

3.2

3.4

3.1

2.6

2.6

2.4

2.6

2.4

2.3

1.6

2.3

2.2

Personal Income, current dollars

6.2

5.9

0.5

1.0

0.3

0.4

0.1

1.3

0.4

Disposable personal income:
Current dollars
Chained (1996) dollars

5.4
3.6

Personal income
Less: Personal tax and nontax payments .,

Personal consumption expenditures .
Durable goods
Nondurable goods"."!""..!
Services
Interest paid by persons
Personal transfer payments to the rest of the world (net) .
Equals'. Personal saving
Addenda:
Disposable personal income:
Billions of chained (1996) dollars1
Per capita:
Current dollars
Chained (1996) dollars
Population (thousands)
Personal consumption expenditures:
Billions of chained (1996) dollars
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Services
Implicit price deflator, 1996=100

...

Personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income 2

753.1
1,836.4

7,983.9

Percent change from preceding period, monthly changes at monthly rates

0.6

0.5

0.2

0.5
.5
-.1

0.4

0.8

-.2
-.5

Personal consummption expenditures:
Current dollars
Chained (1996) dollars
p Preliminary.
' Revised.
1. Disposable personal income in chained (1996) dollars equals the current-dollar figure divided by the implicit
price deflator for personal consumption expenditures.




2. Monthly estimates equal personal saving for the month as a percentage of disposable personal income for
that month.
Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Biureau of Economic Analysis,

D-30

• National Data

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

Annual Estimates:
Except as noted, these tables are derived from the NIPA tables published in the December 1999
CURRENT BUSINESS; they are consistent with the 1999 comprehensive revision.

SURVEY OF

"Table B.3.—Gross Domestic Product by Industry, Current-Dollar and Real Estimates" is not published in
this issue. The table will be published when the estimates of gross domestic product by industry are revised
to incorporate the results of the most recent comprehensive revision of the NIPA'S. An article presenting
the revised estimates of gross domestic product by industry is scheduled to be published in the May 2000
SURVEY.




January 2000

National Data •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

D-31

Table B.4.—Personal Consumption Expenditures by Type of Expenditure
Billions of chained
(1996) dollars

Billions of dollars

Billions of dollars

1996

1997

1998

1996

1997

1998

5,237.5

5,524.4

5,848.6

5,237.5

5,433.7

5,698.6

Food and tobacco
Food purchased for off-premise consumption (n.d.)
Purchased meals and beverages l (n.d.)
Food furnished to employees (including military) (n.d.)..
Food produced and consumed on farms (n.d.)
Tobacco products (n.d.)
Addenda: Food excluding alcoholic beverages (n.d.)
Alcoholic beverages purchased for offpremise consumption (n.d.)
Other alcoholic beverages (n.d.)

834.1
476.7
300.5
8.2
.5
48.2

866.3
489.5

907.4
509.4
334.7

846.2
480.5

866.2
494.0
317.6

8.8
.5
54.0
745.2

8.3
.5

8.4
.5

49.3
715.2

834.1
476.7
300.5
8.2
.5
48.2
689.1

47.1

45.8
716.5

56.1
40.7

58.3
43.5

61.3
46.9

56.1
40.7

57.4
42.0

60.0
44.1

Clothing, accessories, and jewelry
Shoes (n.d.)
Clothing and accessories except shoes 2
Women's and children's (n.d.)
Men's and boys' (n.d.)
Standard clothing issued to military personnel (n.d)
Cleaning, storage, and repair of doming and shoes (s.)
Jewelry and watches (d.)

333.3
38.8
219.5
140.8
78.6
.3

348.2

367.9

12.7
40.3
21.7

13.5
41.2
22.3

41.6
244.4
155.6
88.8
.3
13.4
44.2
24.0

348.8
40.1
230.7
148.0
82.7
.3
13.2
42.8
21.8

375.8

40.0
230.9
147.7
83.2
.3

333.3
38.8
219.5
140.8
78.6
.3
12.7
40.3
21.7

42.0
249.8
160.6
89.2
.3
12.9
47.7
23.2

Personal care
Toilet articles and preparations (n.d.)
Barbershops, beauty parlors, and health clubs (s.)

71.6
48.0
23.5

76.1
50.6
25.5

80.5

71.6

53.8
26.8

48.0
23.5

75.1
50.5
24.6

78.2
52.9
25.4

Housing
Owner-occupied nonfarm dwellingsspace rent 4 (s.)
Tenant-occupied nonfarm dwellingsrent5 (s.)
Rental value of farm dwellings (s.)
Other 6 (s.)

772.5
555.4
180.6
6.2
30.2

809.8
585.5

855.9

772.6
555.4
180.6
6.2
30.2

786.5
569.0
180.9
6.0
30.6

805.6

Household operation
Furniture, including mattresses and bedsprings (d.)
Kitchen and other household appliances ^ (d.)
China, glassware, tableware and utensils (d.)
Other durable house furnishings8 (d.)
Semidurable house furnishings9 (n.d.)
Cleaning and polishing preparations, and miscellaneous
household supplies and paper products (n.d)
Stationery and writing supplies (n.d.)
Household utilities
Electricity (s.)
Gas (s.)
Water and other sanitary services (s.)
Fuel oil and coal (n.d.)
Telephone and telegraph (s.)
Domestic service (s.)
Other l 0 (s.)

589.2
50.9
30.0
25.4
50.5
31.0

589.2
50.9
30.0
25.4
50.5
31.0

611.2
54.2
31.0
27.3
53.1
33.3

643.7
57.2
32.9
28.9
57.1
36.2

Medical care
Drug preparations and sundries 11 (n.d.)
Ophthalmic products and orthopedic appliances (d.)
Physicians (s)
.
Dentists (s.)
Other professional services n (s.)
Hospitals and nursing homes 13
Hospitals
Nonprofit (s.)
Proprietary (s.)
Government (s.)
Nursing homes (s.)
Health insurance
Medical care and hospitalization14 (s.)
Income l o s s l 5 (s.)
Workers' compensation 16 (s.)

932.3

Personal consumption expenditures

Others.)

Personal business

49.8
18.8
185.0
93.3
35.5
40.7
15.6
97.1
13.6
37.1

318.5
8.5
.5

186.0
6.4

622.6
193.6
6.6

31.9

33.1

617.5
54.1
30.9
27.1
53.4
32.6

646.5

51.5
20.0
188.6
93.8
36.6
43.0
15.2
103.9
13.8
41.6

17.6

977.6
108.1
19.4

199.1
48.4

206.9
52.0

119.7

125.1
408.5
341.9
221.3

57.0
32.3
29.2
57.6
34.6
54.3
21.3
186.8
95.9
32.2
45.4
13.2
113.1
16.0
44.2

10.3

66.7
57.6
46.9
1.2
9.6

1,032.3
116.8
21.2
219.6
54.8
131.8
428.4
357.1
230.6
43.3
83.2
71.3
59.8
49.7
1.4
8.7

435.1

488.3

528.6

100.3

390.8
327.6
213.5
38.7
75.4
63.2
56.6
45.3
1.0

41.6
79.0

309.8

586.6
182.6

5.9
30.5

18.8
185.0
93.3
35.5
40.7
15.6
97.1
13.6
37.1

51.0
19.1
184.6
93.3
34.2
42.0
15.1
103.7
13.5
40.4

52.9
19.9
187.1
99.3
30.7
42.9
14.5
114.6
15.2
42.1

932.3
100.3

956.6
106.5

987.4

17.6

19.1
204.1
49.7
120.4
400.8
336.5

199.1
48.4
119.7
390.8
327.6
213.5
38.7
75.4
63.2

56.6
45.3
1.0
10.3
435.1

10.0

112.6
20.5
212.2
50.2
123.8
410.4
344.3
219.8
42.7
81.9
66.2
57.9
46.3
1.1
10.5

477.5

505.5

216.9
41.3
78.3
64.3
56.0
45.0

1.0

1. Consists of purchases (including tips) of meals and beverages from retail, service, and amusement establishments, hotels, dining and buffet cars, schools, school fraternities, institutions, clubs, and industrial lunchrooms. Includes meals and beverages consumed both on- and off-premise.
2. Includes luggage.
3. Consists o f watch, clock, and jewelry repairs, costume and dress suit rental, and miscellaneous personal services.
4. Consists of rent for space and for heating and plumbing facilities, water heaters, lighting fixtures, kitchen cabinets, linoleum, storm windows and doors, window screens, and screen doors, but excludes rent for appliances and
furniture and purchases of fuel and electricity.
5. Consists of space rent (see footnote 4) and rent for appliances, furnishings, and furniture.
6. Consists of transient hotels, motels, clubs, schools, and other group housing.
7. Consists of refrigerators and freezers, cooking ranges, dishwashers, laundry equipment, stoves, room air conditioners, sewing machines, vacuum cleaners, and other appliances.
8. Includes such house furnishings as floor coverings, comforters, quilts, blankets, pillows, picture frames, mirrors,
art products, portable lamps, and clocks. Also includes writing equipment and hand, power, and garden tools.
9. Consists largely of textile house furnishings, including piece goods allocated to house furnishing use. Also
includes lamp shades, brooms, and brushes.
10. Consists of maintenance services for appliances and house furnishings, moving and warehouse expenses,
postage and express charges, premiums for fire and theft insurance on personal property less benefits and dividends, and miscellaneous household operation services.
11. Excludes drug preparations and related products dispensed by physicians, hospitals, and other medical services.
12. Consists of osteopathic physicians, chiropractors, private duty nurses, chiropodists, podiatrists, and others providing health and allied services, not elsewhere classified.
13. Consists of (1) current expenditures (including consumption of fixed capital) of nonprofit hospitals and nursing
homes, and (2) payments by patients to proprietary and government hospitals and nursing homes.
14. Consists of (1) premiums, less benefits and dividends, for health, hospitalization, and accidental death and
dismemberment insurance provided by commercial insurance carriers, and (2) administrative expenses (including con^
sumption of fixed capital) of nonprofit and self-insured health plans.
15. Consists of premiums, less benefits and dividends, for income loss insurance.
16. Consists of premiums, less benefits and dividends, for privately administered workers' compensation.
17. Consists of (1) operating expenses of commercial life insurance carriers, (2) administrative expenses of private
noninsured pension plans and publicly administered government employee retirement plans, and (3) premiums, less
benefits and dividends, of fraternal benefit societies. For commercial life insurance carriers, excludes expenses for
accident and health insurance and includes profits of stock companies and services furnished without payment by
banks, credit agencies, and investment companies. For pension and retirement plans, excludes services furnished
without payment by banks, credit agencies, and investment companies.
18. Consists of current expenditures (including consumption of fixed capital) of trade unions and professional associations, employment agency fees, money order fees, spending for classified advertisements, tax return preparation




1996
Brokerage charges and investment counseling (s.)
Bank service charges, trust services, and safe deposit
box rental (s.)
Services furnished without payment by financial
intermediaries except life insurance carriers (s.)
Expense of handling life insurance and pension plans 17
(s.)
Legal services (s.) ....
Funeral and burial expenses (s.)
Other 18 (s.)
Transportation
User-operated transportation
Newautos(d.)
Net purchases of used autos (d.)
Other motor vehicles (d.)
Tires, tubes, accessories, and other parts (d.)
Repair, greasing, washing, parking, storage, rental, and
leasing (s.)
Gasoline and oil (n.d.)
Bridge, tunnel, ferry, and road tolls (s.)
Insurance19 (s.)
Purchased local transportation
Mass transit systems (s)
Taxicab(s.)
Purchased intercity transportation
Railway (s.)
Bus (s)
Airline s.)
Other 26 (s.)
Books and maps (d.)
Magazines, newspapers and sheet music (n.d.)
Nondurable toys and sport supplies (n.d.)
Wheel goods, sports and photographic equipment, boats,
and pleasure aircraft (d.)
Video and audio goods, including musical instruments,
and computer goods (d.)
Video and audio goods, including musical instruments
(d.)
Computers, peripherals, and software (d.)
Radio and television repair (s.)
Flowers, seeds, and potted plants (n.d.)
Admissions to specified spectator amusements
Motion picture theaters (s.)
Legitimate theaters and opera, and entertainments of
nonprofit institutions (except athletics) (s.)
Spectator sports 21 (s.)
Clubs and fraternal organizations 22 (s.)
Commercial participant amusements 23 <
(s.) .......
Pari-mutuel net receipts ( s . ) .
Other 24 (s.)
Education and research
Higher education 25 (s.)
Nursery, elementary, and secondary schools 26 (s.)
Other 27 (s.)

43.2

1997

50.9

Billions of chained
(1996) dollars

1998
59.2

1996
43.2

1997

1998

51.1

42.9

47.9

55.7

42.9

45.7

51.7

177.0

203.3

218.4

177.0

203.1

215.5

81.3
51.5
14.5
24.8

55.0
15.3
26.9

91.3
58.5
16.0
29.5

81.3
51.5
14.5
24.8

84.5
52.9
14.6
26.0

82.4
53.8
14.7
27.6

647.4
598.0
90.6
55.5

616.4
570.3
82.7
54.8
86.4
39.9

653.8

101.4
41.7

594.6
550.2
81.9
51.4
84.3
38.7

153.8
112.9
4.4
37.8
12.1
8.4
3.7
37.2
.7
2.0
29.5
5.1

134.2
124.2
3.7
31.8
11.2
7.7
3.5
33.3
.6
1.8
26.2
4.7

143.9
126.2

4.6

149.0
127.7
3.9
33.6
12.0
8.3
3.7
35.7
.7
1.8
28.3
4.9
512.2
26.8
30.9
61.1

594.6
550.2
81.9
51.4
84.3
38.7

623.7

134.2
124.2
3.7
31.8
11.2
7.7
3.5
33.3
.6
1.8

145.9

26.2
4.7

575.6
82.8
53.4
87.2
39.7

126.2
4.0
36.3
11.8
8.1
3.7
36.3
.7

1.8
29.0
4.7

429.6
24.9
27.6
50.6

457.8

3.9
32.5
11.6
8.0

3.6
34.5
.7
1.8
27.4

606.1
91.2
57.6
100.6
42.3

26.6
29.5
53.7

494.7
27.8
31.9
57.7

24.9
27.6
50.6

464.6
26.3
29.2
54.2

40.5

43.2

47.1

40.5

43.4

47.9

80.0

84.0

92.6

80.0

97.0

124.5

56.4
23.6

57.8
26.2

3.7
14.9
20.7
5.8

3.9
15.6
22.2

6.4

622
30.4
3.9
16.5
23.8
6.8

56.4
23.6
3.7
14.9
20.7
5.8

60.3
38.1
3.8
16.1
21.6
6.2

68.2
63.9
3.8
16.8
22.6
6.5

8.0
6.9
14.0
48.3
3.5
100.8

8.7
7.1
14.4
52.3
3.6
109.0

9.4
7.6
14.9
56.2
3.7
118.6

8.0
6.9
14.0
48.3
3.5
100.8

8.4
6.9
14.1
51.1
3.5
105.1

8.9
7.2
14.1
53.8
3.5
110.8

122.3
66.1
27.4
28.8

130.7
69.2
29.0
32.4

139.2
71.8
30.1
37.3

122.3
66.1
27.4
28.8

126.1
66.7
28.1
31.4

130.1

66.7
28.3
35.2

Religious and welfare activities 28 (s.)

146.8

150.3

1635

146.8

145.9

154.7

Foreign travel and other, net
Foreign travel by U.S. residents 29 (s.)
Expenditures abroad by U.S. residents (n.d.)
Less. Expenditures in the United States by
nonresidents30 (s.)
Less. Personal remittances in kind to nonresidents (n.d.)

-24.1
57.6
2.2

-21.8
63.4
2.9

-15.3
68.2
3.7

-24.1
57.6
2.2

-20.7
62.3
3.3

-11.8
68.5
4.1

82.4
1.5

86.5
1.6

85.4
1.6

82.4
1.5

84.7
1.6

82.7
1.6

.1

-3.2

-17.3

services, and other personal business services.
19. Consists of premiums, less benefits and dividends, for motor vehicle insurance.
20. Consists of baggage charges, coastal and inland waterway fares, travel agents' fees, and airport bus fares.
21. Consists of admissions to professional and amateur athletic events and to racetracks.
22. Consists of dues and fees excluding insurance premiums.
23. Consists of billiard parlors; bowling alleys; dancing, riding, shooting, skating, and swimming places; amusement
devices and parks; golf courses; sightseeing buses and guides; private flying operations; casino gambling; and other
c
commercial participant amusements.
24. Consists of net receipts of lotteries and expenditures for purchases of pets and pet care services, cable
TV, film processing, photographic studios, sporting and recreation camps, video cassette rentals, and recreational
services, not elsewhere classified.
25. For private institutions, equals current expenditures (including consumption of fixed capital) less receiptssuch as those from meals, rooms, and entertainments—accounted for separately in consumer expenditures, and
less expenditures for research and development financed under contracts or grants. For government institutions,
equals student payments of tuition.
26. For private institutions, equals current expenditures (including consumption of fixed capital) less receiptssuch as those from meals, rooms, and entertainments—accounted for separately in consumer expenditures. For government institutions, equals student payments of tuition. Excludes child day care services, which are included in
religious and welfare activities.
27. Consists of (1) fees paid to commercial, business, trade, and correspondence schools and for educational
services, not elsewhere classified, and (2) current expenditures (including consumption of fixed capital) by research
organizations and foundations for education and research.
28. For nonprofit institutions, equals current expenditures (including consumption of fixed capital) of religious, social welfare, foreign relief, and political organizations, museums, libraries, and foundations, t h e expenditures are
net of receipts such as those from meals, rooms, and entertainments accounted for separately in consumer expenditures, and excludes relief payments within the United States and expenditures by foundations for education and
research. For proprietary and government institutions, equals receipts from users.
29. Beginning with 1981, includes U.S. students' expenditures abroad; these expenditures were $0.3 billion in
1981.
30. Beginning with 1981, includes nonresidents' student and medical care expenditures in the United States; student expenditures were $2.2 billion and medical expenditures were $0.4 billion in 1981.
NOTE.—Consumer durable goods are designated (d.), nondurable goods (n.d.), and services (s.).
dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity indexes
uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive. The
residual line is the difference between the first line and the sum of the most detailed lines.

D-32 • National Data

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table B.6.—Private Fixed Investment in Equipment and Software by
Type

Table B.5.—-Private Fixed Investment in !
Structures by Type
Billions of dollars
1996

1997

1998

Billions of chained
(1996) dollars
1996

1997

January 2000

Billions of dollars

1998

Billions of chained
(1996) dollars

1996
Private fixed investment in
structures

530.6

575.4

633.2

530.6

556.8

595.8

Nonresidential
New
Nonresidential buildings, excluding farm
Industrial
Commercial
Office buildingsl
. . .
Other2
Religious
Educational
Hospital and institutional
Other3
Utilities
Railroads
... ...
Telecommunications
Electric light and power
Gas
Petroleum pipelines
Farm
Mining exploration, shafts, and wells
Petroleum and natural gas
Other
Other4
Brokers' commissions on sale of
structures
Net purchases of used structures

225.0
224.6
158.0
32.7
78.7
32.4
46.3
4.4
7.7
13.1
21.4
36.0
4.4
11.7
11.3
7.6
1.0
3.7
21.1
19.4
1.7
5.8

254.1
252.9
177.1
31.4
89.7
39.9
49.8
5.6
9.8
15.1
25.5
36.5
4.9
12.6
11.3
6.6
1.0
3.8
30.0
28.3
1.7
5.5

272.8
272.6
193.1
32.3
100.0
48.3
51.7
6.5
10.8
15.2
28.2
39.2
5.3
14.3
11.7
6.6
1.3
3.9
30.0
28.0
2.0
6.4

225.0
224.6
158.0
32.7
78.7
32.4
46.3
4.4
7.7
13.1
21.4
36.0
4.4
11.7
11.3
7.6
1.0
3.7
21.1
19.4
1.7
5.8

244.0
242.8
171.6
30.4
86.9
38.7
48.2
5.4
9.5
14.6
24.7
35.7
4.8
12.4
11.1
6.5
.9
3.7
26.4
24.7
1.6
5.3

254.1
253.9
180.9
30.2
93.8
45.3
48.5
6.1
10.2
14.3
26.4
38.0
5.1
14.1
11.2
6.3
1.2
3.6
25.4
23.5
1.9
6.0

1.8
-1.4

2.0
-.8

2.2
-2.0

1.8
-1.4

2.0
-.8

2.1
-1.9

Residential
New
New housing units
Permanent site
Single-family structures
Multifamily structures
Manufactured homes
Improvements
Other5
Brokers' commissions on sale of
structures
Net ourchases of used structures

305.6
269.8
192.2
179.4
159.1
20.3
12.8
77.0
.6

321.3
282.1
200.8
187.3
164.4
22.9
13.5
80.5
.8

360.4
314.4
229.1
213.9
189.5
24.5
15.2
84.4
.9

305.6
269.8
192.2
179.4
159.1
20.3
12.8
77.0
.6

312.7
273.8
194.9
181.7
159.8
21.9
13.3
78.1
.8

341.8
297.5
216.7
202.0
180.3
21.8
14.7
79.9
.9

37.5
-1.7

41.7
-2.5

49.0
-3.0

37.5
-1.7

41.4
-2.4

47.3
-2.9

.2

-.3

Residual

0

1. Consists of office buildings, except those constructed at industrial sites and those constructed by utilities for
their own use.
2. Consists of stores, restaurants, garages, service stations, warehouses, mobile structures, and other buildings
used for commercial purposes.
3. Consists of hotels and motels, buildings used primarily for social and recreational activities, and buildings not
elsewhere classified, such as passenger terminals, greenhouses, and animal hospitals.
4. Consjsts primarily of streets, dams and reservoirs, sewer and water facilities, parks, and airfields.
5. Consists primarily of dormitories and of fraternity and sorority houses.
NOTE.-Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.
The residual line is the difference between the first line and the sum of the most detailed lines.




682.1

Private fixed investment in equipment
and software
Nonresidential equipment and software
Information processing equipment and software ...
Computers and peripheral equipmentl
Software2
Communication equipment
Instruments
Photocopy and related equipment
Office and accounting equipment
Industrial equipment
Fabricated metal products
Engines and turbines
Metalworking machinery
Special industry machinery, n.e.c
General industrial, including materials handling,
equipment
Electrical transmission, distribution, and
industrial apparatus
Transportation equipment
Trucks, buses, and truck trailers
Autos
Aircraft
Ships and boats
Railroad equipment
Other equipment
Furniture and fixtures

1997 1998

739.9 826.8 682.1 759.7 879.0

Agricultural machinery, except tractors
Construction machinery, except tractors
Mining and oilfield machinery
Service industry machinery
Electrical equipment, n.e.c
Other
Less: Sale of equipment scrap, excluding autos
Residential equipment

31.6

33.5

36.8

20.9
138.9
77.9
41.3
12.2
2.2
5.4
116.5
27.6
10.6
11.4
17.3
2.8
14.2
10.6
21.9
4.6

21.9
150.9
87.0
41.7
14.4
2.2
5.6
128.0
31.2
11.4
12.2
19.6
3.1
14.4
11.6
24.5
4.5

23.0
176.0
97.0
40.5
28.0
3.0
7.5
140.5
33.7
12.1
12.9
22.4
4.6
15.7
12.8
26.2
4.9

7.9

8.3

Residual

Net exports of used equipment
Sale of equipment scrap
Equals: Private fixed investment in new
equipment and software

31.6

682.1
7.0

,

.8
38.4
.4
4.7

33.1

36.1

20.9 21.9
23.0
138.9 149.6 175.3
77.9
87.4
98.5
41.3
40.2
39.0
12.2
14.2 27.5
2.2
2.9
2.2
5.4
5.7
7.6
116.4 126.7 137.9
27.6
30.7
33.0
10.6
11.4
12.0
11.4
12.1
12.6
17.3
19.2 21.6
3.0
4.5
2.8
14.2
15.3
14.2
11.8
13.1
10.6
24.3
25.8
21.9
4.4
5.7
4.6
7.7
-.3

Addenda:
Private fixed investment in equipment and
software
Less: Dealers' margin on used equipment
Net purchases of used equipment from

1997 1998

674.4 732.1 818.5 674.4 751.9 870.6
287.3 315.4 356.9 287.3 339.4 418.5
76.7 88.5 70.9 99.0 154.2
70.9
95.1 109.4 129.2
95.1 106.6 123.4
65.6
73.8
85.9
65.6
73.0 83.6
33.3 34.8
36.1
33.3
35.0 36.3
14.7
15.2
15.7
15.4
15.8
14.7
7.8
8.4
9.8
9.8
7.8
8.3
136.4 142.3 150.2 136.4 141.3 148.1
14.0
13.4
13.9
13.2
13.1
13.4
3.5
4.2
4.3
4.3
3.5
4.3
35.0
36.4 31.7
34.9
36.0
31.7
35.2
35.7 34.6
34.9
35.0
34.6

7.7

Tractors

1996

7.9

8.4

-2.7 - 1 5 . 9

739.9 826.8
7.4
8.3
38.9
.4
4.6

40.7
.7
5.0

717.7 775.7

864.2

1. Includes new computers and peripheral equipment only.
2. Excludes software "embedded," or bundled, in computers and other equipment.
NOTE.—Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
ding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive,
The residual line is the difference between the first line a j the sum of the most detailed lines.
n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified.

National Data • D-33

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

Table B.7.—Compensation and Wage and Salary Accruals by Industry
[Millions of dollars]
Compensation

Wage and salary accruals

1997

1997

1996

1998

1996

Compensation

Total

4,395,585 4,675,738 5,011,190 3,630,142 3,884,713 4,189,515

Domestic Industries

4,400,135 4,680,700 5,016,446 3,634,692 3,889,675 4,194,771

Private industries

Wage and salary accruals

1996

1997

75,252
56,822
18,430
53,233

81,897
62,125
19,772
54,297
310,227

335,441

Retail trade

398,276

420,173

Finance, insurance, and real estate .
Depository institutions
Nondepository institutions
Security and commodity brokers
Insurance carriers
Insurance agents, brokers, and
service
Real estate
Holding and other investment offices

351,798
82,740
25,330
72,063
75,441

32,424
44,526
19,274

Services
Hotels and other lodging places
Personal services
Business services
Auto repair, services, and parking ....
Miscellaneous repair services
Motion pictures
Amusement and recreation services ,
Health services
.:.....
Legal services
Educational services
Social services and membership
organizations
Social services
Membership organizations
Other services2
Private households

1,122,869
38,117
24,167
220,399

1998

1996

1997

1998

62,060
46,612
15,448
43,920

68,038
51,332
16,706
45,031

75,333
56,507
18,826

265,850

288,598

446,621

345,115

365,733

381,762
87,268
30,143
80,219
79,756

425,875
93,358
38,764
92,271
86,740

300,446
69,505
21,267
64,026
63,367

327,406
73,602
25,501
71,282
67,301

79,042
33,035
82,344
73,464

35,006
48,461
20,909

36,994
54,353
23,395

28,034
37,978

30,389
41,581
17,750

32,181
46,846
19,970

1,047,860
34,524
22,442
223,151
28,128
10,877
17,739
34,649
303,697 319,388
47,851
54,931
46,493
49,702

1,151,057
37,426
23,848
263,626
30,180
11,672
19,069
37,893

3,550,510 3,803,231 4,106,570 2,993,688 3,225,229 3,501,946

Communications
Telephone and telegraph
,
Radio and television
Electric, gas, and sanitary services .
Wholesale trade

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing
Farms
Agricultural services, forestry, and
fishing

39,815
16,576

42,742
17,470

46353
18,580

34,570
14,184

37,392
15,048

40,880
16,223

23,239

25,272

27,773

20,386

22,344

24,657

Mining
Metal mining
Coal mining
Oil and gas extraction
Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels

33,365
3,202
5,736
19,670
4,757

35,490
3,247
5,689
21,519
5,035

36,283
3,064
5,573
22,295
5,351

27,796
2,619
4,728
16,495
3,954

29,702
2,672
4,714
18,106
4,210

30,482
2,522
4,628
18,838
4,494

Construction

208,199

227,184

248,958

172,199

189,379

209,700

Manufacturing
Durable goods
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric
equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Instruments and related products ...
Miscellaneous manufacturing
industries
Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Textile mill products
Apparel and other textile products
Paper and allied products
Printing and publishing
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products
Leather and leather products

822,405
508,042
24,805
15,682
22,820
35,852
59,626
103,632

867,598
540,144
26,172
16,664
23,737
36,839
62,803
112,597

914,904
573,894
27,697
18,138
25,161
37,826
65,925
120,168

675,087
416,305
20,448
12,956
18,556
28,662
48,438
86,419

715,009
443,950
21,739
13,848
19,425
29,633
51,361
94,488

757,707
474,133
23,098
15,156
20,695
30,544
54,184
101,317

80,905
58,037
45,627
47,211

86,864
61,731
48,930
49,279

93,350
65,081
52,687
52,549

66,305
46,773
37,099
39,455

71,668
48,427
40,133
41,388

77,424
51,389
43,459
44,327

13,845
314,363
61,472
2,900
18,623
20,195
32,978
61,849
67,418
9,721

14,528
327,454
63,596
3,095
19,176
20,050
33,860
65,098
71,262
10,109

15,312
341,010
66,368
2,951
19,171
19,722
34,511
68,925
75,339
10,757

11,194
258,782
50,558
2,199
15,612
16,778
27,566
51,835
54,422
7,754

11,840
271,059
52,652
2,378
16,142
16,751
28,427
54,831
57,851
8,105

12,540
283,574
55,218
2,246
16,196
16,524
29,087
58,353
61,478
8,669

36,524
2,683

38,530
2,678

40,638
2,628

29,817
2,241

31,672
2,250

33,590
2,213

285,015
156,530
15,652

301,589
165,395
15,888

322,383
176,377
15,851

231,564
125,584
11,543

246,898
133,829
11,753

265,657
143,696
11,546

10,053
58,494
7,873
48,637

10,520
62,333
8,358
51,162

11,211
66,698
8,797
55,213

8,366
47,074
6,463
38,839

8,857
50,678
6,912
41,143

9,496
54,671
7,325
44,826

971

995

997

816

839

847

14,850

16,139

17,610

12,483

13,647

90,050
67,911
22,139
55,956

14,985

Transportation and public utilities
Transportation
Railroad transportation
Local and interurban passenger
transit
Trucking and warehousing •
Water transportation
Transportation by air >
Pipelines, except natural gas
Transportation services

1. Reflects the r e c t i f i c a t i o n of air couriers from trucking and warehousing to transportation by air.
2. Consists of museums, botanical and zoological gardens; engineering and management services; and services,
not elsewhere classified.
3. Includes Coast Guard.
4. Includes estimates of foreign professional workers and undocumented Mexican migratory workers employed




Government
Federal
General government
Civilian
Military3
Government enterprises
State and local
General government
Education
Other
Government enterprises
Rest of the world
Receipts from the rest of the world
Less. Payments to the rest of the world 4
Addenda:
Households and institutions
Nonfarm business

12,050
17,976
36,934
365,617
55,150
54,500

47,894
46,772
161,195
12,009

849,625
263,231
211,001
124,935

1,216,466 1,329,752
40,284
43,504
25,355
255,822 300,529
32,082
34,339
12,460
13,337
20,225
21,723
39,947
43,554
383,237 399,740
62,541
67,700
57,763
99,728
51,109
48,619
174,969
12,053

106,667
55,606
51,061
195,159
14,005

82,818
40,468
42,350
139,550
11,685

877,469

909,876
270,470
214,394
128,743
85,651
56,076
639,406

641,004
175,561
140,104
85,294
54,810
35,457
465,443
434,766

52,230
586,394
548,416
290,650
257,766
37,978

266,942
211,725
125,748
85,977
55,217
610,527
571,835
304,851
266,984
38,692

-4,550
1,756
6,306

-4,962
1,802
6,764

348,558
3,275,584

960,212
32,321
21,244
190,630
26,211
10,443
15,599
31,670

321,361
278,028
40,017

-5,256
1,856
7,112

43,668
44,331
152,598
11,732
664,446
177,337
140,083
85,116
54,967
37,254
487,109

206,280
30,677

240,772
214,897
31,440

-4,550
1,756
6,306

-4,962
1,802
6,764

335,207
59,561
53,998
94,268
47,698
46,570
170,667
13,642
692825

179,803
142,060
86,980
55,080
37,743
513,022
480,277
255,052
225,225
32,745
-5,256
1,856
7,112

385,575
366,180
3,513,490 3,798,508

temporarily in the United States.
NOTE.-Estimates in this table are based on the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC).
Compensation equals wage and salary accruals plus supplements to wages and salaries. "Supplements" are listed
in table 8.17 of the December 1999 SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS.

D-34

o National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS
Table B.8.—Employment by Industry
[Thousands]
Full-time and part-time
employees

Persons engaged in
production'

Full-time and part-time
employees

1997

1997

123,824

126,757

129,549

130,617

133,917

124,240

127,213

130,011

108,583

111,702

105,912

108,798

111,461

2,048
832
1,216

2,137
876
1,261

2,193

3,338
1,827
1,511

3,321
1,814
1,507

1>05
1,633

880
1,313

601
54
97
340
110

593
49
93
340
111

586
56
97
326
107

603
54
95
345
109

61
0
49
93
349
110

5,964

6,297

6,950

7,254

7,603

Manufacturing
Durable goods
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment.
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Instruments and related products
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries .
Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Textile mill products
Apparel and other textile products
Paper and allied products
Printing and publishing
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products
Leather and leather products

18,579

Transportation and public utilities
Transportation
Railroad transportation
Local and interurban passenger transit.
Trucking and warehousing2
Water transportation
Transportation by air 2

6,293
4,063
223
440

18,770
11,061

10,838

18,935
11,277
840
535
566
714
1,517
2,217
1,709

819
513
555

801
506
546
708
1,453
2,117

710
1,485

2,175
1,693
984
858
865
404

821
854
404
7,741

872
409
7,658

18,576
10,911
856
521
561
706

1,447
2,096
1,655
961
820
849

1,694
41
618

1,694
40

599
770
679

439
7,665
1,664
40
632
880
678

1,579
137

1,594
1,042
137

1,535
1,025
138

92

1,016
87

971
102

6,671
4,336
216
473
1,777
185

6,318
4,181
211
445

1,200

1,050

7,709

1,697
41
630
874
683
1,564
1,033
139

1,036

981

6,467
4,176
220
457
1,708
183
1,141

1,659
177
1,119

18,774
11,134
862
530
563
706
1,481
2,173
1,682
977
855
860
445
7,640
1,676
40
620
830
677
1,562
1,023
135

1,853
174

18,944
11,355
896
544
569
710
1,514
2,216
1,699
997
902
864
444
7,589
1,672
39
600
775
672
1,578
1,028
136
1,004
85

6,473
4,284
208
481
1,879
179
1,068

6,648
4,433
205
486
1,954
185
1,124

1. Equals the number of full-time equivalent employees plus the number of self-employed persons. Unpaid family
workers are not included.
2. Reflects the r e c t i f i c a t i o n of air couriers from trucking and warehousing to transportation by air.
/

^

^




* ^

^

^

wnoiesaie iraoe
Retail trade

5,671

Construction .

Pipelines, except natural gas
Transportation services
Communications
Telephone and telegraph
Radio and television
Electric, gas, and sanitary services

i

i

d

mana

9ement

14
431
1,348
936
412
882

1997

1998

14
453

14
471

1,421
1,003
418

1,477
1,045
432

870

582
54
99
321
108

Metal mining
Coal mining
Oil and gas extraction
Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels ,

1996

1998

133,378

105,559

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing
Farms
Agricultural services, forestry, and fishing .

1996

130,085

127,494
Private industries

1998

127,009

Total

Persons engaged in
production'

services; a n d services

-

Finance, insurance, and real estate
Depository institutions
Nondepository institutions
Security and commodity brokers
Insurance carriers
Insurance agents, brokers, and service
Real estate
Holding and other investment offices ..

Hotels and other lodging places
Personal services
Business services
Auto repair, services, and parking
Miscellaneous repair services
Motion pictures
Amusement and recreation services ....
Health services
Legal services
Educational services
Social services and membership
organizations
Social services
:
Membership organizations
Other services3
Private households
Government
Federal
General government
Civilian
Military4
Government enterprises
State and local
General government
Education
Other
Government enterprises
Rest of the world 5

6,560
22,256

6,923

14
455
1,324
938
386
865

1998

14
465
1,365
963
402
850

858

6,746

1997
14
434
1,259
873
386
878

22,636
7,256

23,006
7,539
2,046
664
681

6,587

6,735

6,919

19,851

20,258

20,419

7,310
1,923
507
646

7,636
1,933
645
732
1,503
880
1,706
237

1,481
245

1,576
787
1,535
250

1,449
871
1,676
238

7,424
1,925
564
679
1,463
875
1,684
234

36,517
1,794
1,318
7,485
1,205
389
539
1,590
9,813
1,064
2,113

39,545
1,876
1,340
8,793
1,275
395
592
1,729
10,197
1,113
2,262

36,396

37,956

1,833
1,326
8,148
1,248
389
569
1,664
10,038
1,084
2,179

1,620
1,798
7,651
1,481
569
583
1,400
9,167
1,145
1,962

1,665
1,789
8,261
1,511
582
610
1,485
9,402
1,200
2,003

39,353
1,703
1,804
9,000
1,522
591
644
1,496
9,503
1,231
2,092

4,759
2,515
2,244
3,202
1,246

4,949
2,620
2,329
3,346
1,233

5,154
2,750
2,404
3,539
1,280

4,618
2,752
1,866
3,574

4,816
2,879
1,937
3,798
834

4,991
2,992
1,999
3,894
882

21,935
5,387
4,397
1,951
2,446
990
16,548
15,704
8,522
7,182
844

22,034
5,268
4,276
1,900
2,376
992
16,766
15,933
8,716
7,217
833

22,215
5,196
4,200
1,878
2322
996
17,019
16,181
8,896
7,285
838

18,328
4,378
3,575
1,913
1,662
803
13,950
13,079
6,887
6,192
871

18,415
4,272
3,477
1,870
1,607
795
14,143
13,282
7,054
6,228
861

18,550
4,218
3,416
1,845
1,571
802
14,332
13,466
7,184
6,282

-485

-532

-539

-416

-456

-462

7,053
2,017
514
581
1,505
746
1,442
248

2,031
575
630

1,527
767

4. Includes Coast Guard.
5. Beginning with 1993, includes estimates of foreign professional workers and undocumented Mexican migratory
workers employed temporarily in the United States.
NOTE.-£stimates in this table are based on the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC).

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

D-35

National Data

Table B.9.—-Wage and Salary Accruals Per Fuli-Time Equivalent Employee and Full-Time Equivalent Employees by Industry
Wage and salary accruals
per full-time equivalent

Full-time equivalent
employees1

Wage and salary accruals
per full-time equivalent

Dollars

Thousands

Full-time equivalent
l

Dollars

1996

1997

1998

35,112

113,300

116,213

119,317

33,339

35,021

113,716

116,669

119,779

31,384

32,825

34,594

95,388

98,254

101,229

19,324
19,893
18,946

20,333

20,730

1,789

21,516
20,244

713
1,076

Thousands

1,972

20,037
20,537

1,839
751

employees

1997

1998

Total.

32,040

33,428

Domestic industries.

31,963

Private industries
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing
Farms
Agricultural services, forestry, and fishing .

50,428

52,465

49,481
49,621
54,372
39,346

51,469
50,857
56,571
41,611

31,631

32,924

34,524

5,444

5,752

6,074

37,158
39,038
26,148
26,068
34,880
40,771
33,968
41,668
40,307
48,773
45,520

38,965

40,928
42,715
28,272
28,979
37,088
43,080
36,292
46,454
45,840
51,908
48,776
51,663
32,072
38,254
33,506
57,590
27,312
22,180
43,349
39,481

18,168
10,664
782

18,350
10,880

497
532
703

501
544
705
1,461
2,141
1,673
975
850
851
387
7,470
1,651
40
612
803
674
1,465
1,019
135

18,513
11,100
817
523
558

Mining
Metal mining
.
Coal mining
Oil and gas extraction
Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels

48,680
48,500
48,742
52,365
37,657

Construction
Manufacturing
Durable goods ...;
,
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Industrial machinery and equipment
Electronic and other electric equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
Other transportation equipment
Instruments and related products
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries ,
Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Tobacco products
Textile mill products
Apparel and other textile products
Paper and allied products
Printing and publishing
Chemicals and allied products
Petroleum and coal products
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products
Leather and leather products
...........
Transportation and public utilities
Transportation
Railroad transportation
Local and interurban passenger transit..
Trucking and warehousing2
Water transportation
Transportation by air 2

754
1,218

28,776
34,486
30,567
54,975
25,019
19,832
40,718
35,897
53,303
56,188

40,804
27,448
27,641
35,708
42,033
35,155
44,133
42,838
49,669
47,215
48,635
30,594
36,286
31,891
59,450
26,376
20,861
42,177
37,427
56,772
60,037

30,898
23,589

32,253
25,281

39,355

40,897
34,439
56,505
21,189
31,753
40,421
38,705

33,197
54,706
20,811
30,351
38,934
37,238

571
54
97
315
105

1,426
2,074
1,645

959
815
842
389
7,504
1,654
40
624
846
677

1,444

64,215

1,021
138

26,345

792

95

42,717

54
95
333
107

581
49
91
333
108

709
1,493
2,181
1,689

858
391
7,413
1,648

39
593
745
671
1,023
135

997
84

5,884
3,783
211
402

6,037
3,886
208
418

6,219
4,034
205
432

1,551
166

1,596
171

1,043

1,063

1,660
173
1,118

1. Full-time equivalent employees equals the number of employees on full-time schedules plus the number of
employees on part-time schedules converted to a full-time basis. The number of full-time equivalent employees in
each industry is the product of the total number of employees and the ratio of average weekly hours per employee
for all employees to average weekly hours per employee on full-time schedules.
2. Reflects the reclassification of air couriers from trucking and warehousing to transportation by air.
3. Consists of museums, botanical and zoological gardens; engineering and management services; and sen/ices,




1998

58,286
31,523
50,496
54,581
41,195
50,367

59,929
32,805
52,620
56,223
43,963
52,484

60,500
34,688
56,177
59,544
48,026
55,246

Wholesale t r a d e .

39,283

41,166

43,549

6,280

6,458

6,627

18,774

19,496

20,508

18,383

18,759

19,065

45,268
36,201
43,226
114,948
43,732
39,652
29,810
68,357

48,176
38,255
46,535
118,606
46,002
41,974
31,936
75,855

52,210
40,976
52,437
127,467
48,878
43,547
34,882
84,262

6,637
1,920
492
557
1,449
707

6,796
1,924
548
601
1,463
724
1,302
234

7,027
1,929
630
646
1,503
739

29,791

31,118
21,537
19,330
29,651
23,797
30,214
39,685
25,477
35,531
57,042
26,187

32,746

32,232
1,561
1,163
6,876
1,136
358
421

33,674
1,603

35,151
1,649

20,279
32,224
24,860
31,717
40,833
27,183
36,820
59,740
27,230

1,161
7,526
1,182

8,181
1,214

20,759
18,970
22,886
49,035
14,067

21,289
19,637
23,297
51,592
15,467

4,065
2,199
1,866
2,963

4,239
2,302
1,937
3,112
834

4,428
2,429
1,999
3,308

36,082
41,511
40,288
45,517
34,205

37,349
42,628
41,587
47,144
35,060
47,061
35,796
35,666
35,503
35,852
37,812

18,328
4,378
3,575
1,913
1,662
803
13,950
13,079
6,887
6,192
871

18,415
4,272
3,477
1,870
1,607
795
14,143
13,282
7,054
6228
861

18,550
4,218
3,416
1,845
1,571
802
14,332
13,466
7,184
6,282

-416

-456

-462

Transportation services
Communications
Telephone and telegraph
Radio and television
Electric, gas, and sanitary services ..

Finance, insurance, and real estate
Depository institutions
Nondepository institutions
Security and commodity brokers
Insurance carriers
Insurance agents, brokers, and service.
Holding and other investment offices .
Services
Hotels and other lodging places
Personal services
Business services
Auto repair, services, and parking
Miscellaneous repair services
Motion pictures
Amusement and recreation services .,
Health services
Legal services
Educational services
.........
Social services and membership
organizations
Social services
Membership organizations
Other services 3
Private households

20,705
18,267
27,724
23,073
29,170
37,052
24,474
34,598
50,636
25,213
20,373
18,403
47,098
14,112

1996
14
396
1,229
854
375
872

1,274
238

1,294
8,778

945

1997

14
416
1,293
913
380

360
447
1,360
8,989
963

1,844

1998
14
432
1,341
949
392
844

1,343
237

1,176
368
467
1,394
9,104

997
1,983

1,478

982

35,621
56,322
21,981
32,934
42,341
40,095

1997

Retail trade

1996

Government
Federal
General government
Civilian
Military4
Government enterprises .
State and local
General government
Education
Other
Government enterprises .
Rest of the world 5

34,974
40,101
44,587
32,978
44,156
33,365
33,242
33,176
33,314
35,220

34,442
34,307
34,133
34,505
36,516

not elsewhere classified,
4. Includes Coast Guard.
5. Includes estimates of foreign professional workers and undocumented Mexican migratory workers employed
temporarily in the United States.
M . »«w« „ „ * K « / » I « „ fu* HOOT e»—A~.A t^..^^ nu*.*™*-™.
icm
k^__
C*M~.^~,~
NOTE.-Esbmates in this table are based on the 1987 Standard Industrial Class.ficat.on (SIC).

D-36

• National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

Table B.10.—Farm Sector Output, Gross Product, and National Income
Billions of chained
(1996) dollars

Billions of dollars
1996

1997

222.6
201.2
108.3
93.0
6.2
.5
6.8
7.9
9.0
-1.1

226.2
208.7
112.1
96.5
6.4
.5
7.8
2.8
3.1
-.4

130.4

1998

1996

1997

214.2
198.2
103.7
94.5
6.6
.5
8.6
.3
.9
-.6

222.6
201.2
108.3
93.0
6.2
.5
6.8
7.9
9.0
-1.1

237.3
218.7
121.2
97.5
6.0
.5
8.2
3.0
3.4
-.4

237.9
220.3
121.8
98.7
5.9
.5
9.6
.9
1.7
-.7

138.1

134.1

130.4

134.7

137.4

114.3
16.1

122.1
16.0

119.0
15.1

114.3
16.1

119.2
15.5

121.9
15.5

92.2

88.0

80.2

92.2

103.1

100.5

Less: Consumption of fixed capital

25.4

26.2

27.1

25.4

25.8

26.3

Equals: Net farm product

66.8

61.9

53.1

66.8

77.7

74.2

Table B.11.—Housing Sector Output, Gross Product, and National
Income
Billions of chained
(1996) dollars

Billions of dollars

1998
1996

Farm output
Cash receipts from farm marketings
Crops
Livestock
Farm housing
Farm products consumed on farms
Other farm income
Change in farm inventories
Crops
Livestock
Less: Intermediate goods and services
purchased
Intermediate goods and services,
other than rent
Rent paid to nonoperator landlords ...
Equals: Gross farm product

Less: Indirect business tax and nontax
liability

5.0

5.2

5.3

Plus: Subsidies to operators

6.2

6.3

10.7

68.1
16.6
14.2

63.0
17.5
15.0

58.6
18.6
16.2

2.4

2.4

2.4

Equals: Farm national income
Compensation of employees
Wage and salary accruals
Supplements to wages and
salaries
Proprietors' income and corporate
profits with inventory valuation
and capital consumption
adjustments
Proprietors' income
Corporate profits
Net interest

42.0
34.3
7.7
9.5

35.5
29.5
6.0
10.1

29.2
25.1
4.1
10.8

NOTE.-Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the [
,. ,
,
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.




1997

1998

1996

1997

1998

742.3
736.1
555.4
180.6
6.2

777.9
771.5
585.5
186.0
6.4

822.8
816.2
622.6
193.6
6.6

742.3
736.1
555.4
180.6
6.2

755.9
749.9
569.0
180.9
6.0

775.2
769.3
586.6
182.6
5.9

94.4

103.9

116.8

94.4

100.1

110.0

Equals: Gross housing product
Nonfarm housing
Owner-occupied
Tenant-occupied
Farm housing

647.9
642.8
482.3
160.5
5.1

673.9
668.6
505.7
162.9
5.3

705.9
700.4
531.5
169.0
5.5

648.0
642.8
482.3
160.5
5.1

655.8
650.8
491.9
158.9
5.0

665.1
660.2
500.9
159.4
4.9

Less: Consumption of fixed capital
Capital consumption allowances
Less: Capital consumption
adjustment

119.6
63.6

126.2
67.6

131.9
71.9

119.6

122.5

125.7

-66.0

-58.6

-60.0

Equals: Net housing product

528.4

547.7

574.0

528.4

533.2

539.4

Less: Indirect business tax and nontax
liability plus business transfer payments ...

118.9

123.4

127.9

Housing output1
Nonfarm housing
Owner-occupied
Tenant-occupied
Farm housing
Less: Intermediate goods and services
consumed

Plus: Subsidies less current surplus of
government enterprises
Equals: Housing national income
Compensation of employees
Proprietors' income with inventory
valuation adjustment and capital
consumption adjustment
Rental income of persons with
capital consumption adjustment
Corporate profits with inventory
valuation adjustment and capital
consumption adjustment
Net interest

23.3

23.9

23.9

432.8
84

448.3
9.0

470.0
9.6

22.6

21.6

22.0

111.2

111.5

119.3

4.7
285.7

4.7
301.6

4.9
314.2

1. Equals personal consumption expenditures for housing less expenditures for other housing as shown in table
B.4.
NOTE.-Chained (1996) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 1996
current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity
indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive.

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

January 2000

National Data

"Table B.12.—Net Stock of Fixed Private Capital, by Type" is not published in this issue. The table will
be published when the estimates of fixed assets and consumer durable goods are revised to incorporate the
results of the most recent comprehensive revision of the NIPA'S. An article presenting the revised estimates
of fixed assets and consumer durable goods is scheduled to be published in the March 2000 SURVEY.




D-37

D-38

• National Data

January 2000

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

C. Historical Measures.
This table is derived from the "GDP and Other Major NIPA Series" tables that were published in the December
1999 issue of the SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS and from the "Selected NIPA Tables" that are published in this
issue. (Changes in prices are calculated from indexes expressed to three decimal places.)
Table C.1.—Historical Measures of Real Gross Domestic Product, Real Gross National Product, and Real Gross Domestic Purchases
Percent change from preceding
period

Billions of chained (1996) dollars
Year and
quarter

Chain-type price indexes

Implicit price deflators

Percent change from preceding period
Chain-type price index

Implicit price deflators

Gross domestic
product

Final sales of
domestic
product

1959

2,300.0

2,298.4

2,315.7

22.06

21.57

22.06

22.04

1960
1961
1962

2,357.2
2,412.1
2,557.6
2,668.2
2,822.7

2,359.0
2,415.5
2,548.1
2,661.4
2,820.2

2,374.4
2,430.9
2,578.8
2,690.7
2,847.0

2.5
2.3
6.0
4.3
5.8

2.6
2.4
5.5
4.4
6.0

22.37
22.62
22.93
23.18
23.53

21.87
22.10
22.40
22.67
23.02

22.37
22.62
22.93
23.19
23.54

22.35
22.60
22.91
23.16
23.51

1.4
1.1
1.4
1.1
1.5

1.4
1.1
1.3
1.2
1.6

1.4
1.1
1.4
1.1
1.5

1966
1967
1968
1969

3,002.8
3,199.5
3,279.5
3,435.6
3,543.2

2,982.7
3,163.3
3,259.4
3,419.5
3,527.6

3,028.3
3,223.7
3,304.3
3,462.2
3,568.8

6.4
6.6
2.5
4.8
3.1

5.8
6.1
3.0
4.9
3.2

23.98
24.66
25.43
26.52
27.81

23.44
24.10
24.80
25.87
27.11

23.98
24.67
25.43
26.53
27.81

23.96
24.64
25.41
26.50
27.78

1.9
2.9
3.1
4.3
4.8

1.8
2.8
2.9
4.3
4.8

1.9
2.9
3.1
4.3
4.8

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

3,549.4
3,660.2
3,854.2
4,073.1
4,061.7

3,559.7
3,650.5
3,843.3
4,043.9
4,043.4

3,574.7
3,688.8
3,885.2
4,114.7
4,108.0

.2
3.1
5.3
5.7
-.3

.9
2.6
5.3
5.2
0

29.29
30.83
32.18
34.01
36.94

28.57
30.12
31.50
33.37
36.65

29.29
30.83
32.18
34.02
36.96

29.26
30.80
32.15
33.98
36.92

5.3
5.3
4.4
5.7
8.6

5.4
5.4
4.6
5.9
9.8

5.3
5.3
4.4
5.7
8.6

1975
1976

4,050.3
4,262.6
4,455.7
4,709.9
4,870.1

4,083.9
4,239.6
4,422.8
4,672.4
4,852.4

4,086.5
4,306.3
4,505.2
4,758.8
4,935.6

-.3
5.2
4.5
5.7
3.4

1.0
3.8
4.3
5.6
3.9

40.37
42.78
45.58
48.74
52.69

39.99
42.37
45.31
48.49
52.67

40.37
42.79
45.59
48.75
52.70

40.34
42.75
45.55
48.71
52.66

9.3
6.0
6.5
6.9
8.1

9.1
6.0
6.9
7.0
8.6

9.3
6.0
6.5
6.9
8.1

4,872.3
4,993.9
4,900.3
5,105.6
5,477.4

4,962.5
4,935.6
5,127.5
5,400.5

4,936.2
5,050.8
4,956.4
5,160.6
5,528.7

0
2.5
-1.9
4.2
7.3

1.0
1.3
-.5
3.9
5.3

57.39
62.71
66.51
69.23
71.80

58.10
63.36
66.94
69.37
71.78

57.38
62.70
66.51
69.24
71.80

57.35
62.68
66.49
69.21
71.77

8.9
9.3
6.1
4.1
3.7

10.3
9.1
5.7
3.6
3.5

8.9
9.3
6.1
4.1
3.7

5,689.8
5,885.7
6,092.6
6,349.1
6,568.7

5,671.6
5,885.9
6,068.2
6,333.4
6,542.4

5,726.3
5,908.4
6,112.2
6,373.7
6,594.7

3.9
3.4
3.5
4.2
3.5

5.0
3.8
3.1
4.4
3.3

74.05
75.67
77.84
80.46
83.56

73.87
75.52
77.94
80.57
83.71

74.05
75.66
77.84
80.46
83.56

74.02
75.63
77.81
80.44
83.54

3.1
2.2
2.9
3.4
3.9

2.9
2.2
3.2
3.4
3.9

3.1
2.2
2.9
3.4
3.9

6,683.5
6,669.2
6,891.1
7,054.1
7,337.8

6,671.3
6,674.2
6,878.7
7,035.3
7,275.9

6,718.1

6,915.8
7,080.3
7,355.5

1.7
-.2
3.3
2.4
4.0

2.0
0
3.1
2.3
3.4

86.84
89.76
91.70
94.17
96.14

87.14
89.90
91.90
94.24
96.18

86.83
89.76
91.70
94.16
96.14

86.81
89.76
91.71
94.16
96.13

3.9
3.4
2.2
2.7
2.1

4.1
3.2
2.2
2.5
2.1

3.9
3.4
2.2
2.7
2.1

7,537.1
7,813.2
8,165.1
8,516.3

7,505.5
7,783.2
8,095.7
8,441.3

7,558.0
7,831.2
8,168.8
8,506.0

2.7
3.7
4.5
4.3

3.2
3.7
4.0
4.3

98.19
100.00
101.66
102.86

98.28
100.00
101.39
102.14

98.19
100.00
101.66
102.86

98.19
100.00
101.67
102.87

2.1
1.8
1.7
1.2

2.2
1.7
1.4
.7

2.1
1.8
1.7
1.2

2,254.4
2,313.3
2,312.4
2,320.0

2,256.3
2,295.8
2,325.0
2,316.4

2,269.3
2,328.3
2,328.4
2,336.9

10.9
-.2
1.3

7.2
5.2
-1.5

21.97
22.02
22.08
22.17

21.48
21.53
21.59
21.68

22.01
22.01
22.06
22.16

21.98
21.99
22.04
22.14

.1
.9
1.8

.1
.9
1.8

2,371.4
2,359.7
2,364.1
2,333.7

2,340.9
2,363.1
2,360.5
2,371.4

2,387.7
2,376.4
2,381.4
2,351.8

9.1
-1.9
.7
-5.0

4.3
3.8
-.4
1.9

2222
22.32
22.42
22.52

21.72
21.82
21.92
22.02

22.26
22.34
22.42
22.48

22.24
22.31
22.39
22.45

1.8
1.4
1.4
1.1

1.8
1.4
1.4
1.1

IV

2,347.2
2,391.1
2,430.4
2,479.8

2,373.2
2,398.5
2,417.7
2,472.6

2,366.3
2,409.4
2,449.1
2,499.0

2.3
7.7
6.7
8.4

.3
4.3
3.2
9.4

22.55
22.59
22.64
22.70

22.04
22.07
22.12
22.17

22.54
22.58
22.64
22.72

22.51
22.55
22.62
22.70

1.0
.8
1.1
1.4

1.0
.8
1.1
1.4

1962:1
II
HI
IV

2,522.9
2,550.2
2,575.3
2,581.8

2,501.5
2,543.2
2,564.6
2,582.9

2,541.9
2,571.0
2,596.3
2,605.6

7.1
4.4
4.0
1.0

4.8
6.8
3.4
2.9

22.83
22.90
22.96
23.03

22.29
22.37
22.42
22.50

22.86
22.90
22.95
23.02

22.84
22.87
22.92
23.00

2.5

2.5
.6
1.0
1.3

1963:1
II
III
IV
1964:1

2,612.4
2,646.3
2,697.2
2,716.8

2,597.6
2,641.8
2,689.5
2,716.8

2,635.1
2,668.3
2,719.6
2,739.8

4.8
5.3
7.9
2.9

2.3
7.0
7.4
4.1

23.12
23.14
23.17
23.31

22.59
22.62
22.66
22.80

23.10
23.13
23.17
23.35

23.07
23.11
23.14
23.32

1.3
.6
.6
3.2

2,775.9
2,809.7
2,844.1
2,851.1

2,802.3
2,834.3
2,872.9
2,878.6

9.2
4.8
5.5
1.0

9.0
5.0
5.0
1.0

23.39
23.47
23.58
23.69

22.89
22.97
23.07
23.17

23.42
23.47
23.57

IV .
1965:1 ...
II...
III..
IV .

2,777.3
2,810.2
2,848.0
2,855.3

23.39
23.45
23.54
23.66

1.2
1.0
1.6
2.0

2,925.1
2,964.4
3,024.6
3,096.8

2,895.4
2,947.7
3,003.4
3,084.6

2,951.4
2,991.5
3,050.1
3,120.3

10.1
5.5
8.4
9.9

6.4
7.4
7.8
11.3

23.80
23.91
24.02
24.18

23.26
23.36
23.48
23.65

23.81
23.92
24.01
24.18

23.79
23.89
23.99
24.15

2.1
1.8
1.6
2.8

1966:1 ...
II...
III..
IV .

3,173.4
3,185.4
3,205.7
3,233.5

3,137.6
3,152.2
3,177.0
3,186.4

3,197.6
3,209.6
3,229.3
3,258.1

10.3
1.5
2.6
3.5

7.1
1.9
3.2
1.2

24.32
24.55
24.79
25.00

23.77
24.00
24.22
24.41

24.34
24.53
24.79
25.01

24.31
24.51
24.77
24.98

2.7
3.3
4.3
3.5

1963

1964
1965

1977
1978

1979
1980
1981

1982
1983
1984
1985
1986

1987
1988

1989
1990

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1959: I ...
II...
III..
IV .
1960:1 ...
IV .
1961:1 ...




Gross national
Gross domestic
product
product

Final sales of
domestic
product

Gross domestic Gross domestic Gross domestic Gross national
product
purchases
product
Gross domestic
product
product

Gross domestic Gross domestic
product

Gross national
product

January 2000

National Data •

SURVEY OF CURRENT BUSINESS

D-39

Table C.1.—Historical Measures of Real Gross Domestic Product, Real Gross National Product, and Real Gross Domestic Purchases—Continued
[Quarterly estimates are seasonally adjusted at annual rates]
Percent change from preceding
period

Billions of chained (1996) dollars
Year and
quarter

Chain-type price indexes

Implicit price deflators

Percent change from preceding period
Hoflatoix
Implicit pric a UulldLUlo
*

Chain-type price index

Gross domestic
product

Final sales of
domestic
product

1967:1
II
Ill
IV

3,263.2
3,261.1
3,284.6
3,309.1

3,218.6
3,252.7
3,268.5
3,297.6

3,287.6
3,284.8
3,310.4
3,334.4

3.7
-.3
2.9
3.0

4.1
4.3
1.9
3.6

25.12
25.28
25.52
25.80

24.51
24.66
24.89
25.16

25.11
25.27
25.53
25.82

25.08
25.24
25.51
25.79

1.9
2.5
3.8
4.5

1.6
2.5
3.9
4.3

1.6
2.5
4.3
4.6

1.6
2.5
4.3
4.5

1968:1
II..
Ill
IV

3,375.9
3,434.0
3,458.6
3,473.9

3,363.8
3,397.8
3,447.3
3,469.2

3,401.8
3,460.4
3,485.7
3,500.8

8.3
7.1
2.9
1.8

8.3
4.1
6.0
2.6

26.09
26.38
26.63
26.99

25.45
25.71
25.97
26.33

26.11
26.38
26.63
26.99

26.08
26.35
26.60
26.97

4.7
4.5
3.8
5.6

4.7
4.2
4.1
5.6

4.6
4.1
3.9
5.7

4.6
4.2
3.8
5.6

19691 I
||
Ill

IV

3,529.1
3,539.2
3,560.5
3,544.0

3,505.8
3,522.9
3,541.1
3,540.8

3,556.0
3,565.1
3,585.2
3,568.8

6.5
1.1
2.4
-1.8

4.3
2.0
2.1
0

27.25
27.61
28.01
28.36

26.56
26.92
27.30
27.65

27.25
27.61
28.01
28.37

27.23
27.58
27.98
28.34

3.8
5.4
5.9
5.2

3.6
5.5
5.7
5.3

3.9
5.2
5.9
5.2

3.9
5.2
5.9
5.2

1970:1
II
Ill
IV

3,539.3
3,546.1
3,576.0
3,536.1

3,551.5
3,545.2
3,575.6
3,566.5

3,564.6
3,572.3
3,602.0
3,560.1

-.5
.8
3.4
-4.4

1.2
-.7
3.5
-1.0

28.75
29.17
29.41
29.81

28.04
28.43
28.71
29.11

28.77
29.17
29.42
29.81

28.74
29.14
29.39
29.78

5.6
5.9
3.4
5.5

5.8
5.7
4.0
5.6

5.8
5.7
3.4
5.5

5.8
5.7
3.4
5.5

1971:1
II.
Ill
IV

3,631.9
3,649.7
3,675.8
3,683.5

3,608.9
3,631.3
3,660.2
3,701.8

3,660.2
3,679.6
3,703.2
3,712.4

11.3
2.0
2.9
.8

4.8
2.5
3.2
4.6

30.28
30.70
31.03
31.30

29.56
29.98
30.33
30.60

30.28
30.70
31.03
31.30

30.25
30.67
31.00
31.27

6.5
5.7
4.3
3.5

6.4
5.7
4.8
3.7

6.5
5.6
4.4
3.5

6.5
5.6
4.4
3.5

1972* I
II
Ill
IV

3,755.6
3,840.6
3,877.2
3,943.3

3,760.7
3,819.4
3,852.1
3,941.0

3,785.7
3,870.4
3,909.4
3,975.5

8.1
9.4
3.9
7.0

6.5
6.4
3.5
9.6

31.77
31.97
32.29
32.68

31.06
31.29
31.63
32.01

31.75
31.96
32.29
32.71

31.72
31.93
32.26
32.67

6.1
2.6
4.1
4.9

6.1
3.0
4.4
4.9

5.8
2.7
4.2
5.2

5.9
2.7
4.2
5.2

1973-

I
II
Ill
IV

4,040.9
4,081.4
4,066.8
4,103.3

4,023.9
4,042.6
4,050.4
4,058.8

4,077.8
4,120.6
4,111.8
4,148.5

10.3
4.1
-1.4
3.6

8.7
1.9
.8
.8

33.14
33.69
34.32
34.89

32.46
33.07
33.67
34.27

33.12
33.67
34.28
34.98

33.09
33.64
34.24
34.94

5.7
6.8
7.7
6.7

5.7
7.7
7.4
7.3

5.2
6.9
7.4
8.4

5.2
6.9
7.4
8.4

1974:

I
||
Ill
IV

4,077.5
4,091.8
4,048.9
4,028.5

4,059.9
4,067.1
4,054.0
3,992.5

4,129.7
4,141.1
4,093.9
4,067.4

-2.5
1.4
-4.1
-2.0

.1
.7
-1.3
-5.9

35.55
36.31
37.39
38.51

35.12
36.09
37.16
38.21

35.56
36.36
37.41
38.52

35.53
36.32
37.38
38.48

7.8
8.8
12.5
12.5

10.4
11.5
12.4
11.8

6.8
9.3
12.1
12.3

6.9
9.3
12.1
12.3

1975" I
||
Ill
IV

3,978.2
4,012.7
4,080.7
4,129.4

4,022.4
4,066.1
4,100.9
4,146.3

4,011.1
4,046.0
4,116.7
4,172.1

-4.9
3.5
7.0
4.9

3.0
4.4
3.5
4.5

39.39
39.95
40.70
41.43

39.04
39.61
40.30
41.01

39.39
39.95
40.68
41.42

39.36
39.92
40.64
41.39

9.4
5.8
7.7
7.3

8.9
6.0
7.1
7.2

9.4
5.8
7.5
7.5

9.5
5.8
7.5
7.5

Ill
IV

4,222.1
4,253.6
4,270.8
4,303.6

4,204.9
4,216.5
4,238.6
4,298.3

4,264.0
4,297.2
4,315.1
4,349.1

9.3
3.0
1.6
3.1

5.8
1.1
2.1
5.8

41.92
42.40
43.02
43.79

41.50
41.99
42.64
43.37

41.93
42.39
43.01
43.81

41.89
42.35
42.97
43.77

4.9
4.7
5.9
7.3

4.9
4.8
6.3
7.0

5.0
4.5
6.0
7.6

5.0
4.5
6.0
7.6

1977:1
||
III
IV

4,355.4
4,433.3
4,513.7
4,520.5

4,338.5
4,407.5
4,453.2
4,491.9

4,407.0
4,484.0
4,564.0
4,565.5

4.9
7.3
7.5
.6

3.8
6.5
4.2
3.5

44.52
45.26
45.89
46.65

44.19
44.97
45.66
46.43

44.52
45.26
45.80
46.73

44.48
45.22
45.76
46.69

6.9
6.8
5.7
6.7

7.8
7.3
6.3
6.9

6.7
6.8
4.9
8.3

6.