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UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
WASHINGTON

SURVEY OF
CURRENT BUSINESS
DECEMBER, 1929
No. 100

ISSUED BY

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS

IMPORTANT NOTICE
In addition to figures given from Government sources, there are also incorporated for completeness of
service figures from other sources generally accepted by the trades, the authority and responsibility for
which are noted in ike "Sources of Data" on pages J.39-142 of the August, 1929, semiannual issue




Survey of Current Business A[o. 100
ITH this issue the editors present the One-hundredth numbered edition. At this
time it appears fitting to briefly review the growth of this publication since its
inception in the spring of 1921. To underhand the reason for its growth is to
understand the growth itself. When America entered the World War we were
confronted with an amasiiig lack of faCts pertaining to the fundamental necessities such as steel, copper, cotton,, wool, leather, cement, etc. This was the beginning of a new era in our economic life in that it compelled American mobilisation
officers, in cooperation with the Nation's business and industrial executives, to
obtain faCts hitherto unavailable in order to set up properly the policies of government.
The business depression of 1920-21, consequent upon a post-war boom, also left its impress upon
the minds of business leaders everywhere. Out of these conditions, and in the realisation that the
new order of business required fails and not guesses, the Survey of Current Business found its origin.
In 1921 this publication carried data on about 200 individual Statistical series, the moSt of which
had very little historical background. With this number there are more than 1,800 individual series,
each of which has considerable history for comparative purposes, Were it not for the almoSt immediate appreciation of the worth of business data on the part of Government, trade, and industry, as
represented by trade associations and individual firms, this va£t growth in current Statistical
information would not have b^en possible.
During the eight years which have elapsed since the firSt issue of the Survey of Current Business, which, incidentally, was only a sample mimeographed set of sheets numbering 10, evidences
have been accumulating of the large and growing interest in current business Statistics. During
this period the Bureaii of the Census has undertaken, at the request of about 50 industries, the
collection qf current information covering such items as production, Stocks, orders, unfilled orders,
shipments, etc,, while correspondence concerning the services of the Department of Commerce in
connection with these faCts has multiplied many fold.
The monthly Survey of Current Business has appropriately been called the "clearing house of
business Statistics" in that it brings together the current reports on business activities issued by
this bureau, &s well as those compiled by other governmental agencies and private organisations,
including trade associations. The data which are published in the volume cover more than 240
commodities.
In addition to the publication of the monthly number, the Survey of Current Business is now
issued in the form of weekly supplements in the realisation that current Statistics are highly perishable and £o be of use they muSt reach the business man at the earlieSt possible momeftt. The monthly
information contained in these bulletins is republished in the Survey, except for the weekly chart,
"Weekly Business Indicators," which has become one of the moSt important single features. In
connection with the weekly business indicators, press Statements are issued which have wide
publication throughout the country. Services to the press and other interested parties have
expanded tremendously over the period so that at the present time jnuch of the work finds expression only in tliese services.
The Survey of Current Business, as at the time of origin, is to-day an important governmental
adjunCt. It provides current weekly and monthly Statistical information on the State of the
Nation's business to many branches of Government, including the Wstr Department, the Federal
Reserve Board, the Department of Agriculture, and the Treasury Department. Paralleling the
demands of the Government are the growing needs of business. Together these are providing,
jnore and more, the faCts w hich are so essential for the setting-up and execution of forward-looking
policies.
,
While it may be too early to Say that the utilisation of business data has entirely eliminated
the business cycle, there is agreement to-day among business leaders everywhere that the wider
use of faCts will mitigate in a large degree many of the disastrous effects of the one-time recurrent
business cycle.
^
The Nation's business executives, as in 1921, are now engaged in formulating platis to provide
an enduring soundness for our economic fabric. It is a singular coincidence and yet entirely
fitting that Nos. 1 and 100 of this publication should have reached their readers at a time when
interest in business conditions has been so similarly keen, though circumstances are not at all
parallel.
This issue presents practically complete data for the month of October and containstext covering the early wee\s
of T^pvember (page 1), for which the "basic figures in table and chart form are presented regularly in the weekly
supplements. As most data covering a particular month's business are not available until from 15 to 30 days after
the close of the month, a complete picture of that month's operations can not be presented at an early date, but the
weekly supplements give every wee\ the latest data available.



SURVEY OF
CURRENT BUSINESS
P U B L I S H E D BY

U N I T E D STATES D E P A R T M E N T OF C O M M E R C E
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money not accepted

No. 100

WASHINGTON

December, 1929

CONTENTS
SUMMARIES

Preliminary summary for November.
Business conditions in October
Monthly business indicators (table and chart)
Measures of industrial and commercial activity (charts):
New building contracts and automobile production.
Mineral production and railroad ton-mileage
Factory employment, manufacturing, and electricpower production
Check payments and retail trade
Indexes of business

Page
1
4
2,3

INDEX BY SUBJECTS

Textiles
Metals and metal products
Fuels
Automobiles and rubber
Hides and leather
Paper and printing
Building construction and housing__
Lumber products
Stone, clay, and glass products
Chemicals and oils
Foodstuffs and tobacco
Transportation and public utilities ._
Employment and wages
Distribution movement (trade, etc.) _
Banking, finance, and insurance
Foreign exchange and trade

15

DETAILED TABLES

Paint, varnish, and laquer products.
Automobile financing
Factory employment
Factory payrolls

18
18
19
21

Text
page
9

10
11
11
11
12
12
12
13
14
5
14
14
14

Table
page

23,24
24-28

29
28,30

30,31
31, 32
32
33,34
34,35
35-37
37-40
40-42
42,43

44
44-47
47-48

PRELIMINARY SUMMARY FOR NOVEMBER
The dollar volume of trade during November, as
reflected by check payments covering the early weeks,
was considerably greater than in the corresponding
period of 1928. Industrial activity, as indicated by
operations in steel plants, was lower than in either
the preceding month or November of last year. Activity in the automobile industry, as reflected by figures
covering Detroit factory employment, was also lower
in November than in either the preceding month or
the same period in 1928. Petroleum output was substantially lower than in October but was still above the
level which prevailed a year earlier. The movement
of goods into consumption was slightly lower than in
November of last year.
The volume of building contracts awarded during
the month was running lower than in either the preceding month or the same period of 1928. Receipts
of cattle and hogs showed very little change from a
year ago. Wheat receipts, however, were lower than

 82029—29 1


in November of last year, while cotton receipts into
sight were on about the same level of last year.
Loans and discounts of Federal reserve member
banks, though declining from the high point reached
early in the month were higher at the end of November
than at the end of the preceding month. The Federal
reserve ratio averaged lower than in October but was
above the level of last year. Call-money rates averaged lower than in either the preceding month or
November a year ago.
Bond prices were somewhat higher than in October
but were lower than last year. Interest rates on
time funds averaged lower than in either period.
Prices for stocks were lower than in either the preceding
month or November of last year. Brokers7 loans
showed a substantial decline from both the preceding
month and November a year ago. Business failures
showed practically no change from November of
last year.
D

MONTHLY BUSINESS INDICATORS, 1923-1929
<*tio charts—see explanations on inside front cover. The curves on check payments, wholesale trade, 10-cent chains, and department stores have been adjusted for
normal seasonal variations, and manufacturing production for the varying number of working days in the month as well]

1923




1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1923

1924

1925 I 1926 I 1927

DEPARTMENT STORE TRADE
AUTOMOBILE
PRODUCTION

i I i i I i i I i i I i i ! i i I 'i

SALES BY TEN CENT. CHAINS
COTTON CONSUMPTION
n I i i I i il i i lul n I i i I M I i i I i i I ! i I i i

WOOL CONSUMPTION
I n i l i I i i I i i I n I-M ! i i I i t I M .1 i i I i i

PETROLEUM PRODUCTION^
S*r

BUILDING CONTRACTS (FLOOR SPACE
1 , ,! i ,I . i I i .I , ,I ,.I ,i Ii i I , i i ,1 , ,I ,. ! , ,1 i,

1928

1929

MONTHLY BUSINESS INDICATORS
The principal business indicators are shown below, all calculated on a comparable basis, the average for the years 1923 to 1925,
inclusive. Thus the table gives a bird's-eye view of the business situation in a concise form, so that trends of the principal indicators
may be seen at a glance.
Certain indicators, in which there is a marked seasonal movement, are shown with the average seasonal variations eliminated.
as noted below. In this manner a more understanding month-to-month comparison may be made.
MONTHLY AVERAGE

1928 in*

ITEM

1125

1126

1927

1928

1929

1928 Sept. Oct. Nov Dec. 1 Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept.

Oct.

1923-1995 monthly average=*10O
Industrial production:
* Total manufacturing
* Total minerals . .
Pig iron. _
. _
Steel ingots
._ .
Automobiles
Cement
Cotton (consumption)
Wool (consumption)
Raw material output:
Animal products
Crops
.
Forest products
Crude petroleum
Bituminous coal
Copper

101.0
. 105.0
111.7
104.8
101.7
92.1
105.9
112 8

94.0
96.0
86.7
88.7
90.8
99.8
89.7
94.6

105. C
99.0 1
101.5
106.4
107.5
108.1
104.4
92.6

108.0
107.0
109.0
113.1
108.4
110.0
108.5
89.7

106.0
107.0
101.0
104.6
85.7
115.3
120.2
97.0

114.0 111.0
114.0 113.0
112.9 110.5
134.5 123.2
120.2 77.8
141.1 124.5
120.6 119.0
108.6 105.7

113.0
112.0
112.8
116.3
70.8
98.1
104.1
96.8

117.0
1J7.0
115.2
129.9
121.3
79.6
130.2
114.0

124.0
116.0
130.5
152.5
182.7
129.9
130.2
102.9

128.0
112.0
124.4
141.2
164.9
135.2
111.1
93.0

125.0
114.0
126.7
139.9
151.3
139.0
106.5
99.8

124.0
115.0
125.7
142.5
150.7
149.5
108.7
111.1

122. C
118. C
117.1
130.5
125.7
138.6
106.3
105.0

117.0
118.0
120.1
130.5
114.9
134.6
124.9
125.3

100.0
92.0
99.0
99,4
108.0
93.4

104.0
104.0
97.0
96.9
92.5
100.2

96.0
104.0
104.0
103.7
99.5
106.4

96.0
109.0
98.0
104.6
109 7
110.2

97.0 99.0 92.0 102.0 93.0
113.0 119.0 178.3 252.1 179.7
93.0 88.2 78.0 84.0 84.0
122.3 122.2 124.5 129.5 123.8
99.0 95.8 96.3 117.5 107.4
104. S 114.9 118.8 131.1 129.5

92.0
152.2
76.0
129.4
101.2
129.8

96.0 80.0 88.0 99.7 108.9
112.5 81.9 72.5 57.4 51.1
82.0 74.0 86.0 90.2 98.6
133. 5 123.3 134.4 130.5 137.5
118.1 108.5 90.3 84.7 92.2
130.9 128.5 142. 1 143.9 141.6

111.8
55.7
89.9
135.9
87.4
124.9

116.0
90.4
88.3
148.8
93.3
120.1

100.0
135.0
91.8
150.3
100.7
119.6

98. 7
180.3
80.3
142.2
102.2
120.4

105.2
245.9
92.1
143.5
117.6
125.2

. . ._

111.0
106,0
105.5
120.2
109.9
118.0
106.8
94.7

116.0
108.0
102.5
120.0
125.6
143.9
95,9
91.8

117.0
120.0
107.3
125.1
141 1
68.6
116.5
101.3

120.0
107.0
124.3
146.3
177.0
80.2
123.3
102.7

123.0
115.0
122.6
142.8
187.9
110.6
123.1
103.8

Power and construction:
Electric power ._ __
92.5 98.1 109.5 122.6 133.3 146.0 145.2 158.0 154.6 157.8 164.3 148.1 159.3 157.1 161.2 154.9 159.8 166.6 160.7 173.2
Building contracts (37 States).... 89 7 92.7 117.6 111.0 106.8 121.4 114.2 129.1 111.1 98.2 88.6 81.9 117.1 128.0 122.4 109.7 113.7 100.5 90.2 98.9
Unfilled orders:
General index
. . _
U. 8. Steel Corporation

121.7
125.8

87.0
83.6

94.6
93.8
102.5
106.4

Employment:
Factories

106.6

96.2

97.8
99.9
97.6
98.2

97.1
97.4
97.6
99.4

Distribution, (values) :
• Bank debits, 141 cities
• Wholesale trade
* Department stores, sales
Mail-order sales, 2 houses
* 10-cent chains, sales
Imports
Exports

..

84.6
82,1

91.2 96.7
101.0 98.0
98.0 99.0
89.2 98.1
88.0 99.0
97.8 93.1
91.5 100.8

97.2

97.9

111.9
102.0
103.0
112.7
113.0
109.0
107.8

119.6
101.0
106.0
120.2
125.0
114.3
105.5

102.2

Finance:
Member bank loans and discounts
Interest rate (commercial paper)..
Federal reserve ratio
Price, corporation bonds
Price, railroad stocks
Price, industrial stocks
Failures (liabilities)

94.1 98.5 107.4 112.9!
116.2 90.0 93.5 100. 9j
99.0 104.1 96.9 96.0
96.4 99.9 103.6 108.0
86.0 96.1 117.9 133. 4j
86.1 91.9 122.0 132.4
106.0 106.8 87.2 80.4




74.7
77.4

71.5 72.7
78.6 76.9

71.0 76.8
83.3 86.1

94.4

91.9

93.0

93.9 93.4

93.5

93.2

106.5 98.6 94.9 100.7 102.2 99.3 97.1 97.1 96.4
102.8 99.3 94.7 97.0 99.4 97.1 96.0 96.0 96.5
104.9 107. 6 103.6 102.9 105.4 104.8 105.1 104.1 103.3
102.4 102.4 100.0 98.7 99.4 99.4 99.4 98.8 98.2

Transportation :
Freight, net ton-miles

• Seasonal adjustments.

74.0 76.2
71.1 80.7

79.5
86.8

85.5
92.4

93.1 88.4
92.7 90.1

83.4
89.2

82.1
85.6

76.0
76.6

76.8
81.7

73.9
85.6

f
102.0 103.6 114.6 120.8 122.7 116.0 132.9 137.0 141. 5 138.4 137.0 133.6 127.8 122.3 119.8 121.5 126.9 138.6 153.4
103.2 103.0 106.3 112.5 116.7 111.3 110.7 113.7 120.4 125.2 126.4 123.2 120.5 119.5 120.2 119.6 115.0 113.1 110.7 j
91.4 106.2 145.fi 153.1 123.8 89.5 155.1 181.4 187.7 169.8 149.5 130.5 109.9 88.4 70.9 54.2 58.2 106.8 177.5
113.9 73.1 64.8 85.4 58.4 45.8 40.3 46.1 67.8 55.4 48.8 46.8 50.8 62.2 73.4 86.3 92.2 83.7 78.1

Stocks:
General index
_. . ..
Manfd. commodities (28)
Cotton
Copper (refined)

Prices:
Farm products, to producers
Wholesale, all commodities
Retail food
...
Cost of living (including food)....

91.3
90.6

132.5
97.0
107.0
126.2
138.0
108.0
108.8

158.2
96.0
108.0
147.6
150.0
105.5
112.6

156. 9
96.4
119.0
155.4
165.0
99.0
111.1

161.8 165.1
97.4 99.0
105.0 106.0
194.4 188.4
148.0 151.0
110.0 101. 1
145.1 143.5

95.9 101.9 109.1; 106.0 106.5 117.4 129.2 124.6
117.3
95.4
99.1
112.5
162.7
171.4
102.2

126.8
112.8
89.1
113.0
174.5
214.8
95.6

127.3
130.6
86. 5 1
111.0
178.5
226.9
80.1

128.3 129.8
127.6 124.8
87.0 84.5
111.3 112.0
176.4 186.0
234.5 252.6
82.5 95.8

172.3
94.9
116.0
227.4
163.6
105.0
125.3

187.2
101.1
105.0
144.9
145.8
114.2
128.5

95,4

96.6

97.1

98.6 101.4 100.0
96.0 96.8 96.1
103.2 102.2 101.3
98.2 97.6 97.0
194.3
96.3
110.0
141.8
156.9
114.4
116.4

195.1
97.0
113.0
163.3
167.4
118.8
129.0

180.6
100.0
105.0
170.0
153.0
127.1
112. 2|

97.2

96.8

96.2

96.6

97.3

96.3

98.6 97.8 101.4 103.6 102.2 101.4
95.1 95.7 97.3 97.0 96.8 95.6
102.4 103.4 105.9 107.0 107.4 107.2
97.0 97.6 98.8 99.4 99.4 99.4
180.5
102.0
107.0
168.2
172.0
123.9
101. 4

159.0
97.0
112.0
176.4
174.0
109.4
103.6

184.8
101.0
106.0
163.0
162.0
109.6
106.2

192.8
99.0
123.0
192.8
168.0
108,8
115.3

211.1
100.0
109.0
242.3
159.0
121.1
137.0 j

88.4 104.8 102.2 107.8 102.7 112.6 109.1 112.5 120.4 118.5

i

135.4
124. 8
80.2
110.7
180.3
229.0
96.2

128.7
124.8
89.9
110.8
189.3
275.0
127.1

130.6
127.6
90.5
109.6
188.3
280.3
80.3

132.4
136.4
92.6
108.0
184.9
283.7
85.7

131.3
139.2
94.9
107.6
183.7
285.8
83.2

129.3
139.2
96.5
106.7
184.4
290.3
97.2

135. 1
139.2
94.4
105.4
192.1
297.8
74.0

136.2
139.2
96.4
104.9
213.4
330.8
76.5

198.2
103.0
112.0
183.7
174.0
114.3
100.4

135.3
142.2
97.7
104 1
216.3
344.5
79.6

139.1
145.0
94.2
103.9
217.7
358.5
80.5

151.1
145.0
89.9
105.2
203.5
316. 3
73.9

BUSINESS CONDITIOKS IN OCTOBER
PRODUCTION

According to the weighted index of the Federal
Reserve Board industrial production in October after
adjustments for seasonal variations, showed a decline
from the previous month but was greater than a year
ago. Manufacturing output showed a decrease from
September amounting to 4 per cent but was about 3
per cent greater than a year ago. The output of
minerals remained the same as the previous month
but was more than 6 per cent greater than in
October, 1928.

in iron and steel mid traiMportatioii equipment as
contrasted with last year more than offset declines in
textiles and lumber.
Wholesale trade in October was greater thmm in
either the previous month or the corresponding period
of last year. Declines from September in dry goods,
men's clothing, and boots and shoes were more than
offset by gains in groceries, meats, hardware, drugs,,
and furniture. Gains over a year ago were general in
all enumerated lines, except men's clothing, which
showed a decline.

MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION BY MAJOR GROUPS
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925 taken as ICHD, adjusted for seasonal variations]

IRON AND STEEL
. I . .I .. i . .i . . i . . I. .i . .i. . i ..

FOOD PRODUCTS

100
PAPER AND PRINTING

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

COMMODITY STOCKS

Stocks of commodities held at the end of October
showed gains over both the preceding month and
October a year ago, the increases over both periods
being due to larger holdings of raw materials. Manufactured goods in the hands of manufacturers were
held in smaller quantities than in the preceding month
and showed no change from a year ago.
SALES

The general index of. unfilled orders for manufactured goods showed a decline from the previous month
but was greater than a year ago. Declines from the
preceding month in the unfilled orders for textiles and
lumber more than offset gains in iron and steel and
transportation equipment, principally railroad, Gains




I; 923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

The volume of sales transacted by department
stores was substantially greater than in either the
previous month or October, 1928. The value of
merchandise stocks held by department stores at the
end of the month, though showing a gain over the
previous month, showed no change from a year
ago.
Sales by mail-order houses were considerably larger
than in either the preceding month or October of last
year. Ten-cent ehain stores also registered large
gains in sales volume as compared with both periods.
The volume of business reported by grocery and drug
chains was likewise greater in October than in either
the preceding month or the corresponding period of
a year ago.

PRICES

The general level of wholesale prices showed a decline
of 2 per cent in October from both the preceding month
and the corresponding period of last year. Prices for
all major groups of commodities were either lower than
in September or showed no change except fuel and
lighting, which advanced. Wholesale prices for all
groups were lower or unchanged from a year ago,
except metals, building materials, and certain miscellaneous items, which advanced.
Classified according to condition wholesale prices
for semimanufactures were unchanged from September
and showed a gain of 1 per cent over a year ago.
Finished manufactures declined 1 per cent from
September and 3 per cent from last year. Raw
materials showed a decline of 2 per cent from the
previous month and no change from a year ago.

than in October, 1928. Increased employment was
registered, as compared with September, in factories
producing foods, textiles, chemicals, and tobacco
products, but the gains were insufficient to offset
decreased employment reported by factories producing iron and steel, lumber, stone, clay, and glass, and
vehicles. The principal declines from the previous
month, amounting to 2 per cent or more, were registered in vehicles and stone, clay, and glass. The
gains over a year ago in factory employment were
general, increases of 5 per cent or more being registered
in factories producing iron and steel, chemicals, and
certain miscellaneous products, including automobile
tires. Declines in factory employment were reported
however, from last year in factories producing stone,
clay, and glass products, tobacco products, and
vehicles, principally automotive.

FACTORY EMPLOYMENT, BY GROUPS
[1926 monthly average=100. October, 1929, is latest month plotted]

100

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

Farm prices, though declining from the previous
month, were more than 2 per cent above the level
which prevailed a year ago. The cost of living index
showed no change from either the preceding month
or the corresponding month of last year. As compared
with a year ago, gains in food c'osts were offset by
declines in shelter, clothing, light, and sundries.
EMPLOYMENT

Factory employment, as reflected by the general
index, showed a decline from the preceding month
Digitized for amounting to 1 per cent, but was 2 per cent greater
FRASER


1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

Factory pay-roll payments in October were likewise
1 per cent lower than in the preceding month, but
showed a gain of 3 per cent over October, 1928. Payroll payments were larger than in September in
factories producing food products, textiles, paper and
printing, chemicals, nonferrous metals, and tobacco
products.
Factory pay-roll payments were larger than in
October, 1928, in all groups except stone, clay, and
glass, nonferrous metals, tobacco products, and
vehicles, which declined, and textiles, which showed
no change.

WHOLESALE PRICES FOR SPECIFIED COMMODITIES
[Relative numbers, 1926 monthly average taken as 100. October, 1929, is latest month plotted. Data from which these charts are drawn are given on the opposite page)

OATS, NO. 3, WHITE

CORN, NO. 3, YELLOW

WHEAT, N0.2, HARD,WINTER

180

FLOUR,WINTER STRAIGHTS

LEATHER, CHROME, CALF

PETROLEUM

BITUMINOUS COAL

COKE

ZINC

TIN

COPPER INGOTS

140
100

60 WVYAW

120

PIG IRON, FOUNDRY

100
80

'••

•» ••

mm •*»
-wv AAA

60
120

STEEL BEAMS

••
•^ ^ MM, ;* •M

LUMBER, PINE, FLOORING

CEMENT

100
80
60




1928*

1929

•• ••

••4

BRICK, COMMON

WHOLESALE PRICES FOR SPECIFIED COMMODITIES
NOTE.—Prices to producer on farm products and market price of wool are from U. 8. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agriculture Economics, nonferrous metals
from the Engineering and Mining Journal-Press, except tin, which is from the American Metal Market. All other prices are from U". S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor
•Statistics. So far as possible all quotations represent prices to producer or at mill.
RELATIVE PRICE
ACTUAL PKICE

(dollars)

1926 average=100

Unit

COMMODITIES

September, 1929

October,
1929

October,
1928

1.121
.972
1.355
.182
31.03
.0922
.0953
.1108

1.115
.919
1.382
.175
31.40
.0892
. 0910
.1097

.987
.847
.580
.181
34.08
.0963
.0955
.1157

82
137
75
119
120
149
87
98

83
139
73
121
114
143
81
96

83
132
74
116
115
138
77
95

70
136
35
117
114
154
95
103

73
121
31
120
125
149
81
100

1.35
1.35
1.24
1.01
.48
.60
.97
.189
.43
13.800
9.955
4.675
12. 550

1.31
1.32
1.22
.95
.47
.59
.97
.186
.44
13. 313
9.650
4.625
12. 094

1.16
1.44
1.10
.96
.42
.63
.94
.196
.54
14. 625
10. 030
5.350
13. 075

85
85
83
135
105
95
107
106
93
154
86
78
94

85
87
83
135
117
94
105
108
93
145
81
71
92

83
85
82
127
115
92
105
106
96
140
78
70
88

75
94
72
133
100
98
102
105
117
170
101
83
103

73
93
74
128
102
98
102
112
117
154
81
81
95

Barrel
Barrel
_.
Pound.
Pound
Pound .
Pound
Pound
Pound
Pound
Pound..

7.169
6.100
.040
.053
.093
.236
.250
.267
.46
.235

6.905
6.006
.040
.054
.093
.236
.238
.242
.46
.235

6.410
5.588
.039
.052
.099
.255
.282
.260
.48
.235

87
86
88
98
79
145
147
89
96
103

85
84
92
97
78
144
147
87
102
103

82
83
93
98
79
144
139
79
102
103

78
78
97
102
84
158
166
83
109
96

76
77
91
94
83
155
165
84
107
103

Cotton yarns, carded, white, northern, mule spun, 22-1 -cones (Boston) Pound
Cotton-print cloth 64 x 60-38^^-5.35— yards to pound
Yard . ...
Cotton sheeting, brown 4/4 Trion (New York)
. . Yard
Worsted yarns, 2/32's cross-bred stock, white, in skein (Boston)
Pound .
Women's dress goods, French, 39 inches, at mills, serge
Yard
Suitings, unfinishe d worsted —13-ounce, mill
Yard
Suitings, serge, 11 "ounce, 56-58 inch
Yard
Silk, Japan, 13-15.
. ... Pound
Dozen pairHosiery, women's pure silk, mill

.357
.076
.086
1.475
.975
1.901
1.959
5.122
9.250

.359
.078
.087
1.475
.975
1.901
1.959
4.925
9.250

.372
.078
.090
1.575
.975
2.008
1.998
5.145
9.500

97
100
90
101
94
95
90
82
80

100
101
93
103
94
95
90
83
80

100
103
94
103
94
95
90
80
80

100
98
96
110
96
100
92
82
85

104
103
96
110
94
100
92
83
82

Septem- October,
August, Septem- October, 1929 ber, 1929 ber, 1928 1928
1929

FARM PRODUCTS-AVERAGE PRICE TO PRODUCER
Wheat .
Corn
__
Potatoes.
_
Cotton _ . .
Cottonseed
__ _ _ _
Cattle, beef _
Hogs
_
Lambs..
_

"Rnshp.l

Rnshfil
Bushel . .Ponnd

Ton
i Pound
Pound
j Pound .

FARM PRODUCTS-MARKET PRICE
Wheat, No. 1, northern spring (Minneapolis) _
Wheat, No. 2, red, winter (St. Louis) . _
Wheat, No. 2, hard, winter (Kansas City)
Corn, No. 3, yellow (Chicago)
Oats, No. 3, white (Chicago)
Barley, No. 2, (Minneapolis) ..
Rye, No. 2, (Minneapolis).. _
Cotton, middling upland (New York)
Wool, & blood combing, Ohio and Pennsylvania fleeces (Boston)
Cattle, steers, good to choice, corn fed (Chicago)
Hogs, heavy (Chicago)
Sheep, ewes (Chicago)
Sheep, lambs (Chicago)

Bushel
Bushel
Bushel
Bushel Bushel
Bushel
Bushel
Pound .
Pound
Cwt
Cwt__
Cwt
Cwt .

FOOD
Flour, standard patents (Minneapolis)
Flour, winter straights (Kansas City)
Sugar, 96° centrifugal (New York)
Sugar, granulated, in barrels (New York). .
Cotto nseed oil, prime yellow (New York)
Beef, fresh, carcass, good native steers (Chicago)
Beef, fresh, carcass, steers (New York)
Pork smoked hams (Chicago)
Butter, creamery, 92 score (New York)
Oleomargarine, standard, uncolored (Chicago)
TEXTILES

i

LEATHER
Pound
Pound
Square foot..
Pound
Pair
Pair

Hides, green salted packers' heavy native steers (Chicago)
Hides, calfskins, No 1, country, 8 to 15 pounds (Chicago)
Leather, chrome calf, dull or bright "B" grades (Boston)
Leather, sole, oak, scoured backs, heavy (Boston) _
Boots and shoes, men's black calf blucher (Massachusetts)
Boots and shoes, men's dress welt tan calf oxford (St. Louis)

i

.196
.204
.490
.535
6.750
4.850

.186
.197
.490
.545
6.750
4.850

.219
.246
.550
.630
6.750
5.000

134
114
108
119
106
100

140
118
108
122
106
100

132
114
108
124
106
100

175
159
125
148
106
102

156
142
121
144
10£
103

3.930
4.437
12. 924
2.700
1.300

3.961
4.525
12. 999
2.700
1.300

4.020
4.639
13.040
2.910
1.210

91
90
93
67
69

91
93
94
66
69

92
94
94
66
69

93
94
95
70
64

93
97
95
71
64

18. 860
17. 100
32. 800
.1520
.199
. 0650
.4901
.0625

98
100
100
129
122
80
71
93

98
100
100
129
122
82
69
93

98
100
100
129
122
82
65
92

90
87
91
107
102
77
74
85

92
92
94
110
105
77
75
85

FUEL
Net ton
Coal, bituminous, mine-run (composite price)
Net ton
Coal, bituminous prepared sizes (composite price)
Long ton
Coal, anthracite, 'chestnut (composite price) .
Coke, Connellsv.lle (range of prompt and future), furnace— at ovens. Short ton
\ Petroleum, crud]e Kansas-Oklahoma— at wells
Barrel

i

]

METALS
Pig iron, foundry No 2, northern (Pittsburgh)
Pio; iron basic vallev furnace
Steel billots, Bessemer (Pittsburgh)
Copper ingots, electrolytic, early delivery (New York)
Brass, sheets, mill
. _ _
Lead pig desilverized for early deliverv (New York)
Tin, straits (New York)
Zinc slab western ^St Louis)

_

.

Long ton
Long ton
Long ton
Pound
Pound
Pound .
Pound
Pound

20. 260
20.260
18. 500
18. 500
35. 000
35. 000
.1778
.1778
.233
.233 1
.0687
.0689
.4235
.4538
.0674
.0680

M feet
Thousand

36.760
10. 500

39. 500
9.500

37. 730
12. 500

83
62

82
64

88
58

84
76

84
76

Barrel
Cwt
Pound
Ton
Cwt_ . . .
Cwt

1.500
1.950
.202
15. 500
2.600
3.250

1.493
1.900
.196
15. 500
2.600
3.250

1.650
1.850
.187
15. 500
2.525
3.250

92
100
43
107
91
94

86
100
42
107
91
94

86
97
40
107
91
94

97
95
38
107
88
94

95
95
39
107
88
94

SUILDING MATERIAL AND MISCELLANEOUS
Lumber, pine, southern, yellow flooring, mill _ . . _
Brick common red domestic building (New York)
Cement, Portland, net without bags to trade, f. o. b. plant (Chicago
district) ..
_. _
._ _.
Steel beams, mill (Pittsburgh)
Rubber, smoked sheets (New York)
Sulphuric acid 66° (New York)
Wood pulp, sulphite, domestic, unbleached, news grade (New York)
Newsprint rolls contract mill




MEASURES OF INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925, taken as 100]
NEW BUILDING CONTRACTS AND AUTOMOBILE PRODUCTION

ISO

BUILDING (37 STATES)^

_-**\

100

TOTAL AUTOMOBILE PRODUCTION
(UNITED STATES)

i s l . 1 1 . . 1 . . I . . " i . 1 . . 1 . . 1 . . 1 t . i . . 1 . . 1 . . 1 i . h . 1 . . 1 . . I i . 1 . 1 I , . I . . I . . I . . 1 . . 1 . . I .. I. . I . . I . . I . . \ . . 1 .. I . . I . . 1 . . I . . I . . 1 . . 1 . . 1 .. I .
MINERAL PRODUCTION AND'RAILROAD. TON-MILEAGE

50

FACTORY EMPLOYMENT, MANUFACTURING. AND ELECTRIC POWER

PRODUCTION

200

ELECTRIC POWER PRODUCTION

MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION

401. . I . , ' i . . I i . I . . I , . 1 . . 1 i i I , , I . . I . , I . , 1 . . I . . I . . I . . I . . I . i I . . I . . I . . 1 . i I . . 1 . . 1 . . I . . I . . 1 . . 1 . i I . i I . . I . . I . . 1 . . I . . I . . I . . I . . I . . I .

CHECK PAYMENTS AND RETAIL

TRADE

250 "

SALES BY TEN CENT CHAINS

50

1920




1921

1922

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

REVIEW BY PRINCIPAL BRANCHES OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
TEXTILES

The consumption of wool in October showed gains
over both the preceding month and October, 1928. For
the first 10 months of the year wool consumption showed
a gain of 13 per cent over the same period of last year.
Cotton receipts into sight for the year to date were
9 per cent heavier than in the same period of 1928.
Exports of raw cotton in October showed gains over
both the previous month and October of last year,
but for the }^ear to date cotton exports were almost 10
per cent smaller than in the same period of last year.
Consumption of cotton by domestic mills showed substantial gains over both the previous month and October a year ago, while for the first 10 months cotton

Silk machinery showed generally larger activity in
the case of broad and narrow looms than in October,
1928, but spinning spindles were less active. Prices
for silk averaged lower than in either the preceding
month or October a year ago, while the composite
price for silk goods, showing no change from the
preceding month, was higher than a year ago. Rayon
imports in October showed substantial gains over
both the preceding month and October of last year.
Prices for rayon, showing no change from the previous
month, were lower than a year ago.
Imports of burlaps and unmanufactured fibers were
larger in October than in either the previous month or
the same period of 1928. For the first 10 months of

THE TEXTILE INDUSTRIES
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925, taken as 100. October, 1929, is latest month plotted. Curves covering imports of wools and exports of cotton are
plotted from 12 months' moving monthly average plotted on the end month]

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1923

1924

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1923

1924

consumption was 12 per cent larger than in the same
period of 1928.
Silk imports were substantially larger in October
than in either the previous month or the corresponding
period of last year. For the calendar year to date
imports of silk showed a gain of more than 10 per cent
over the corresponding period of a year ago. Deliveries
of silk to manufacturing establishments, indicative of
silk consumption, were greater in October than in
either prior comparative period.
82029—29
2



1925

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1926

1927

1928

1929

the year burlap imports showed a gain of about 4 per
cent and fiber imports an increase of 10 per cent over
the corresponding period of a year ago.
Production of pyroxylin-coated textiles was larger
than in September but lower than a year ago. For
the first 10 months of the year textiles spread with
pyroxylin showed a decline of 2 per cent from the same
period last year. Unfilled orders for pyroxylin-coated
textiles at the end of October were considerably lower
than a year ago.

10
METALS

Pig-iron production in October was greater than in
either the previous month or October of last year.
During the calendar year to date the output of pig
iron showed an increase of 16 per cent over the same
period of last year. Prices for pig iron showed practically no change from the previous month.
The production of steel ingots showed no change
from the previous month but was lower than a year
ago, while for the first 10 months of the year steelingot output was 15 per cent greater than in the corresponding period of 1928. Unfilled steel orders at the
end of October were greater than at the end of either
the preceding month or October, 1928.

first 10 months of the year structural-steel bookings
showed a gain of 18 per cent over the same period of
last year. New orders for fabricated steel plate, on
the other hand, showed declines in October from both
the previous month and October of last year, but for
the year to date fabricated-steel plate bookings were
about 2 per cent greater than in the same period of
1928.
The output of malleable castings showed a gain
over September but declined from a year ago, with
new orders making similar comparisons. New orders
for machine tools showed a gain in October as compared with the previous month.
Shipments and new orders of electric overhead
cranes and electric hoists were substantially greater

THE METAL INDUSTRIES
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925, taken as 100. October, 1929, is latest month plotted]

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

(2
98

1929

601. . I . , I . . 1 , 1 1 . i I . 1 1 n I , i 1 1 • , 1 1 1 I ,, 1 1 , I . , I . , I . , I . i I, , I. , I , , 1 1 1 1 . , I . i I , , I. i I , i I , , I , . I , .

The output of steel sheets by independent steel
manufacturers showed a gain over the previous month
but was lower than a year ago. Steel-sheet production for the first 10 months of the year was 7 per cent
greater than in the same period of last year. Prices
for steel were generally lower than in the previous
month, but showed only slight change from a year ago.
New orders and production of steel castings were
larger than in either the previous month or October of
last year, while for the year to date similar conditions
prevailed, when compared with the corresponding
10 months of 1928.
New bookings for fabricated structural steel also
showed gains in October as compared with both the
previous month and October of last year. For the



1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

than in October, 1928. Shipments of electric industrial trucks and tractors were also larger than a year
ago.
Shipments of motorized fire-extinguisher equipment showed declines in October from both the
previous month and the corresponding month of a
year ago. Sales of mechanical stokers were substantially greater in October than in either the previous month or October, 1928.
Production of copper by domestic smelters was
greater than in September but smaller than a year
ago, while for the first 10 months of the year the
smelter output of October showed a gain of almost
17 per cent over the same period of last year. Wholesale prices for copper showed no change from the
previous month but were higher than a year ago.

11
FUELS

The production of bituminous coal showed gains
over both the previous month and the same month
of 1928. Bituminous-coal prices at the mine averaged
higher than in either period.
The output of anthracite coal was larger than in
September but somewhat smaller than a year ago.
The production of coke, both types, was greater than in
either the preceding month or the same period of lastyear.
AUTOMOBILES AND RUBBER

Automobile production in the United States showed
declines from both the preceding month and October,

period of 1928. More animals were slaughtered under
Federal inspection during October than in the previous
month. For the first 10 months of the year declines
in slaughtering were registered except for sheep,
where an increase of about 5 per cent was shown over
the same period of last year.
The output of sole leather in October showed a
gain of 10 per cent over the preceding month but was
lower by a like percentage than in October, 1928.
For the first 10 months of the year sole-leather output
showed a decline approximating 12 per cent. Exports
of sole and belting leather, although greater than in
September, were substantially lower than a year ago,

THE FUEL INDUSTRIES
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925 taken as 100. October, 1929, is latest month plotted where data were available]

1924

CRUDE PETROLEUM
l . l L . 1 , 1

1925

, , | , , l l l l l l

1928

1929

1928, but for the year to date the total was 30 per cent
greater than in the corresponding 10 months of 1928.
Imports of rubber were larger than in September
but smaller than a year ago. For the first 10 months
of the year rubber imports showed a gain of 34 per
cent over the same period of last year.
HIDES AND LEATHER

Hide and leather imports in October were smaller
than in the previous month but showed a gain over
last year. Imports were 6 per cent smaller during the
first 10 months of the year than in the corresponding



i.i I t i l n » . . M i I i i I i l l n I n l i i l

M i l l ) . !

I

1924

1926

1926

1927

'928

1929

but for the first 10 months of the year exports showed
a gain of 6 per cent over the same period of 1928.
The output of upper leather in September showed a
decline from the preceding month but was greater than a
year ago. October exports of upper leather were larger
than those reported for September but showed a decline
from a year ago, amounting to 19 per cent.
The production of shoes was larger in October than
in either the previous month or the corresponding
period of last year. For the first 10 months of the
year shoe production showed a gain of almost 5 per
cent over the same period of 1928.

12
BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION

Building costs were generally lower in October than
a year ago, as indicated by indexes of construction.
The volume of new building contracts awarded in
October, measured in floor space, was greater than in
the preceding month but showed a substantial decline
from a year ago. Measured in value, new contracts
let in October showed declines from both periods.
For the first 10 months of the }^ear new awards showed
a decline of 12 per cent in value and 16 per cent in floor
space from the corresponding period of 1928. The decline in total awards from a year ago was very largely
due to a decrease in the 10-month 's total for residential
construction, amounting to almost $700,000,000.

October, 1928, while for the first 10 months of the
year a decrease of almost 3 per cent was registered
from the same period of last year. Stocks of Portland
cement at the mills at the end of October were somewhat more than 5 per cent greater than a year ago.
New contracts let for concrete paving were larger
than in either the preceding month or October of last
year, but for the calendar year to date a decline fo
almost 4 per cent was recorded from the same period
of 1928.
Shipments of porcelain plumbing fixtures during
October were lower than in either the previous month
or the same month of last year, with new orders making similar comparisons. For the first 10 months of

THE AUTOMOBILE AND RUBBER INDUSTRIES
[Relative numbers, monthly average 1923-1925 taken as 100. Where available, October, 1929, is latest month plotted]

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ui
19231924

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

1930

i M111111111111111111 1 1 1 i i 111111 11111 M 111 M 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929

1930

1925

1926(927

1928

1929

1930

1923

1930

11 I n 1 1 i t | i I t 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i I i t h i 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i i l 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I I l.i

LUMBER AND LUMBER PRODUCTS

The production of Southern pine lumber showed a
decline from the corresponding period of last year.
The output of California redwood and California
white pine, on the other hand, was greater than a year
ago. Northern pine lumber production and the output
of Northern hemlock were smaller than in October,
1928. The production of flooring, both oak and maple,
showed declines from October of 3ast year.
STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS

The output of Portland cement during October
showed declines from both the previous month and



1924

1925

1926

1927

1928

1929

the year shipments showed a decline of 36 per cent
from the corresponding period of a year ago. Shipments of vitreous-china plumbing fixtures in October
were likewise smaller than in either comparative period,
while the total for the calendar year to date showed a
decrease of 5 per cent from the same period of last year.
New orders for terra cotta were smaller in October
than in either the previous month or the same month
of a year ago, while the total for the first 10 months,
measured in tonnage, was 20 per cent less than in the
same period of 1928. The production and shipments
of sand-lime brick in October were smaller than in
either the preceding month or the same period of 1928.

13
FOODSTUFFS AND TOBACCO

Receipts and shipments of hogs at primary markets
were larger than last year, the output of pork products
under Federal inspection also showing a gain over last
year. Cold-storage holdings were substantially larger
than at this time last year. Prices for hogs and pork
were generally lower than a year ago.
Receipts of poultry at primary markets were greater
than a year ago, while the total catch of fish at the
principal fishing ports showed a substantial gain over
October of last year. Storage holdings of fish and
poultry were larger than a year ago.
The production of creamery butter was greater than
a year ago, with storage holdings showing a substan-

The estimated domestic crop of wheat was substantially lower than the production of last year. The
visible supply at the end of October, both in the
United States and Canada, was considerably larger
than a year ago. Receipts and shipments of wheat at
the principal primary domestic markets were smaller
than a year ago. Prices were generally higher than a
year ago.
The estimated corn crop for the current year was
smaller than a year ago. The visible supply of corn
at the end of October was substantially greater than
a year ago. Receipts and shipments of primary

MOVEMENT OF GRAIN PRICES
[Weighted price per bushel.

October, 1929, is latest month plotted]

WHEAT NO. 2 HARD WINTER, KANSAS CITY
1.60 V
1,40

100

^x/~,,i, ~*\J^*
,,i,1 1,

N^_

\f X^"""*^

J

_r
v^^— -^/"^-

^
>

^\

1

~-J~

^^

0 80 • , 1 , . 1 . i 1 i .

i ,1 ,i !i i!,i

, ,1 iii iii i,
CORN NO, 3

I :,

i i 1 . i i <i 1 i i

I 1 , 1 1 1 1 . ,

i i 1 i i 1 i , 1i , , , 1 i i 1 , i ! . i

, ,i ,,I, , i ,,

YELLOW. CHICAGO

1,40

1.00

x—A

0,80

r

j 0.60
1
2 0.40

V^

~*s~* ^

, , ! • , 1 . , 1 , i

s^~S ^V^
1

v

%%-

1

J_lJ_LjJ L L 1 LI

\

1 I I 1 1

/
^_/—s^ -J

i , 1. 1 1 Lii 1 1 , , 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

l_l 1 _ L L

OATS

NO. 3

-^

1 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

'

~^S^~
~\s

i , 1.,1.1 1 ,, , 1] , 1 1 , , 1 ,1

1 1 1 1 1 1 I I I

LJ_

WHITE, CHICAGO

S 1.00
|*BO

0 0.60
Q

Cu40

020

v\ .

.

^

.••"""•••^

V*..

•»^\ .••••

., j 1 , , 1 .1 , 1 , ,

.. • "
.» •

'•- •••/
, , I,, 1 , ,1» ,

, , 1 , , I , , 1 , ,

, , I 1

1 I ! , 1 I ,

, , 1 , ,! , , 1 ,,
RYE

1,60
1,40

1.00

\

v\

>

\
\

0.60

r\ V

1921

1922

1924

, ,

, , ! , , ] , , ! , ,

. .i . i 1 i . 1 i.

, , 1 LJ_Ll i 1 Li

1 I 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1

MINNEAPOLIS

'\

,,1,,1,,1,1
1925

markets were larger than in October of last year.
Corn prices were generally lower than a year ago.
The visible supply of oats and barley was greater
than a year ago. Oat receipts at principal markets
were greater than last year, while receipts of barley
showed a decline.
Receipts and shipments of cattle at primary markets were lower than a year ago. The output of beef
products under Federal inspection in October showed
a gain over last year. Storage holdings at the end of
October were considerably greater than a year ago.
Prices for cattle and beef were generally lower than a
year ago.



, , i , , ! , , i ,,

•

\ ..-••' "*"••••.•••./

*../

V v/

s

/

1923

2

s\

v-*" •v*^^"

H

/

, f , , 1 , . I . I , , 1 , , 1 , ,' 1 , , '^\./TTr:' •XL/I , , 1

NO.

«•*

, , ! , , 1 , , 1 , ,

1926

x-N

/^•v
\~s

— ''~

, , 1 , i I , , I• , , , , 1 i , 1 , i 1 . ,
1927

1928

\J~
, , , ,i, , ,,

1929

, .! , , 1 , i 1 ,i

1930

tial increase. Prices for butter were unchanged from
the previous month but showed a decline from last
year. The factory production of cheese was smaller
than a year ago. Storage holdings of cheese at the
end of October were smaller than last year. Wholesale prices for cheese were generally unchanged from
the previous month but showed a decline from a year
ago. Egg receipts at the principal markets were lower
than a year ago, while storage holdings of case eggs
showed a substantial decline from October of last year.
. Coffee imports were larger than a year ago, while prices
for coffee averaged lower. Tea imports were greater
than a year ago, but prices for tea showed no change.

14
TRANSPORTATION

The movement of goods by rail during October, as
reflected by freight-car loadings, showed a gain over
the previous month but was fractionally lower than
a year ago. For the first 10 months of the year freightcar loadings showed a gain of about 4 per cent over
the same period of 1928. Net operating income of
railroads during September was smaller than a year ago.
DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT

The volume of trade transacted by mail-order houses
and chain stores in October was generally greater than
in either the preceding month or October of last year
with the totals for the first 10 months of the year likewise showing gains over the corresponding period of

dividend payments showed a gain of 14 per cent
over the same period of 1928. Prices for stocks
showed a drastic decline from the preceding month
but the October averages were above those which
prevailed in October, 1928.
GOLD, SILVER, AND FOREIGN EXCHANGE

Domestic receipts of gold at the mint were slightly
lower than a year ago but showed a large gain over
the previous month. Gold imports continued to exceed those reported for the corresponding period of
last year. Gold exports were still substantially
smaller than the import movement.
The domestic production of silver was greater than
in either the preceding month or October of last year.

WHOLESALE TRADE
[Relative numbers, monthly Average 1923-1925 taken as 100. October, 1929, is latest month plotted. Curves are adjusted for seasonal variation]

HARDWARE AND

1930

FURNITURE

M..t..!..!..I..!..!..I..

1923

1924

MEM'S APPAREL
. U I

II

1923

i.li.liillili.liiliiliilii

11
19

1928. Advertising in newspapers and magazines in
October also showed gains over both prior comparative
periods, while expenditures for radio broadcasting by
advertisers also showed gains over both periods.
BANKING AND FINANCE

Check payments were greater than in either the
previous month or October a year ago. Loans and
discounts of Federal reserve member banks reached 'a
new high level during the month.
Dividend and interest payments were substantially
greater than in either the preceding month or October
of
 last year. For the first 10 months of the year


1924

iiiiiihiini
1925
1926

192!

Exchange upon the principal foreign currencies
showed only slight movement from the rates which
prevailed in the previous month. Among the gains
reported the English pound, Belgian franc, the
Dutch guilder, the Japanese yen, and the Indian
rupee were the most prominent; declines were registered
in the Canadian dollar and Argentine peso. Contrasted with last year increases were registered in
October in the British pound the Belgian franc, the
Dutch guilder, the Swedish krone, the Swiss franc,
and the Japanese yen, while declines were recorded
in the Indian rupee, the Canadian dollar, the Argentine
peso and the Brazilian milreis.

15

INDEXES OF BUSINESS
The index numbers presented in this table are designed to show the trend in production, prices, trade,
etc., by commodities or groups. They consist in general of weighted combinations of series of individual relative
numbers; often the individual relative numbers axe also given. The function of index and relative numbers
is explained on the inside front cover. All of the index numbers, except where noted, are based on the average
of the years 1923 to 1925, while maxima and minima are given only since 1923, thus eliminating the abnormal
period prior to 1923. Complete descriptions and figures for earlier years may be found in the following issues
of the Survey (later data being available in the latest semiannual issues): Production in the July, 1928, issue
(No. 83), pages 18 to 22; stocks in the August, 1928, issue (No. 84), pages 20 to 22; new orders in the September,
1928, issue (No. 85), page 19; unfilled orders in the January, 1928, issue (No. 77), pages 22 and 23; wholesale
trade in the January, 1928, issue (No. 77), page 21; mail-order and chain stores in the May, 1928, issue (No. 81),
pages 20 and 21; department stores in the April, 1928, issue (No. 80), pages 20 and 21; employment, based on
1923 as 100, in the August, 1928, issue (No. 84), page 108; farm prices in the August, 1928, issue (No. 84), page
27; wholesale prices (Department of Labor) in the November, 1927, issue (No. 75), page 24, and the June, 1928,
issue (No. 82), page 23; wholesale prices, commercial, in the August, 1928, issue (No. 84), page 26; cost of living
in the August, 1928, issue (No. 84), page 27, and the June, 1926, issue (No. 58), page 24.
1938
Maximum
since
Jan.l,
1923

Relative to 1923-1925 monthly average as 100

Minimum
since
Jan. 1,
1923

PER CENT INCREASE (+)
OR DECREASE (— )

1929

August Septem- October
ber

October,
1929, from
September,
1929

October,
1929, from
October,
1928

-3.3
-3.3

+ 1.7
+ 2.6

118
117
124
118 !
97

-4.1
-4.1
-10. 8
+ 1.7
-1. 0

+ 1.7
+ 2.6
1. 6
+ 5.4
-1.0

113
141
122

-1. 7
-1.4
-3.2

+ 9.7
+ 15.6
+ 0.8

114
135

2. 6
-5. 6

-1.7
+ 7. 1
+ 3.3

August Septem- October
ber

|
i

PRODUCTION
TOTAL INDUSTRIAL

125
123

Unadjusted, except for working days
Adjusted for seasonal variations

81
83

110
112

115
114

117
114

121
123

123
121

119
117
|

MANUFACTURING

127
128
155
121
110
128
110
166
134
143
137
176
169
143

79
82
59
77
90
91
78
47
86
92
87
84
66
93

110
113
121
107
90
117
87
133
112
126
117
160
151
129

115
115
128
107
95
118
82
139
110
130
117
162
169
128

116
114
126
112
98
116
81
122
103
122
121
160
167
126

121
124
143
120
99
125
88
146
116
142
122
176
114
133

123
122
139
116
98
128

128
120
125
133
147
143
139
127
125
123

Total (adjusted for working days only)
Total (adjusted for seasonal variations)
Iron and steel
Textiles
Food products
Paper and printing
Lumber
Automobiles
Leather and shoes
Cement, brick, and glass
Nonferrous metals
......
Petroleum refining
Rubber tires
Tobacco manufactures.

84
90
77
1
88
0
82
93
75
85

110
105
91
94
123
104
116
120
107
87

115
107
94
95
124
110
123
114
115
79

122
114
99
119
127
114
128
110
108
79

121
115
97
81
146
121
119
127
107
106

127
118
101
106
141
121
121
124
119
89

126
118
101
116
140
107
123
112
115
92

-0.8
0.0
0.0
+ 9.4
+ 0.7
-11. 6
+ 1.7
-9. 7
-3.4
+ 3.4

+ 6.8
+ 2.0
-2. 5
+ 10.2
— 6. 1
+ 3.9
+ 1.8
+ 6.5
+ 16.5

124
421
131
148
160
302

79
14
76
67
64
44

97
195
79
80
117
170

92
54
92
76
95
137

102
35
95
86
89
153

100
268
77
89
116
247

99
128
96
83
94
283

105
52
113
86
91
302

+ 6.1
59. 4
+ 17.7
+ 3.6
-3.2
+ 6.7

+ 2.9
+ 48.6
+ 18.9
0.0
+ 2.2
+ 97.4

252
218
199
266
373
266

45
38
60
43
11
18

115
186
83
165
45
116

178
165
133
206
184
206

252
174
151
266
353 i
208

135
214
88
130
72
102

180
117
145
173
218
207

246
103
171
245
373
212

+ 36.7
-12.0
+ 17.9
-41. 6
+ 71.1
+ 2.4

-2.4
-40.8
+ 13. 2
-7.9
+ 5.7
+ 1.9

136
115
143
126
174
117
143

MINERALS

Total (adjusted for working days only)
Total (adjusted for seasonal variations)
Bituminous coal.
Anthracite coal
Crude petroleum
Iron-ore shipments
Copper
Zinc__
Lead
Silver.. .
ANIMAL PRODUCTS (Marketings)

Total
Wool.
Livestock
Poultry and eggs
Dairy products
Fish

_._ __

CROPS (Marketings)
Total

Grains * _
Vegetables *
Fruits *_-. .
Cotton products *
Miscellaneous crops *

* Fluctuations between maximum and minimum due largely to seasonal conditions: Minerals and Manufacturing are adjusted for seasonal variations except where
noted.




16
INDEXES OF BUSINESS—Continued
PEE CENT INCREASE (+)
OB DECREASE (— )

1928

1939

August Septem- October
ber

August Septem- October

Maximum
since
Jan. 1,
1923

Minimum
since
Jan. 1,
1923

112
112
151
204
148

74
71
54
18
65

89
88
82
161
78

77
77
68
129
70

87
84
108
129
93

92
91
77
189
100

80
79
74
157
90

138
179
143
141
118
129

73
70
71
67
85
75

98
92
118
100
108
97

95
99
125
92
109
93

95
116
116
87
113
119

92
91
127
83
115
85

90
91
110
81
116
89

Grand total

153

82

107

116

133

127

139

153

+ 10. 1

Total manufactured goods
Foodstuffs
Textiles
Iron and steel
Nonferrous metals
Lumber
Stone, clay, etc
Leather
Rubber
Paper
Chemicals and oils

125
136
138
157
140
125
192
123
199
156
125

88
79
78
78
74
78
64
66
77
46
84

115
117
125
131
121
105
140
72
134
156
91

111
105
118
130
125
104
130
73
130
137
97

111
93
113
135
123
103
116
74
149
139
103

115
136
122
128
125
103
132
70
155
98
101

113
129
115
135
135
104
116
69
143
101
107

111
106
116
135
140
106
106
69
146
102
111

-1. 8
-16.3
+ 0. 9
0.0
+ 3. 7
+ 1.9
-8.6
0.0
+ 2. 1
+ 1. 0
+ 3.7

Total raw materials
Foodstuffs
Textiles
Metals
Chemicals and oils

184
229
202
136
153

69
68
43
54
73

101
136
65
92
93

119
145
95
116
108

149
157
149
133
139

136
212
71
105
97

157
222
111
111
115

184
229
173
119
135

+ 17.2
+ 3.2
+ 55. 9
+ 7.2
+ 17.4

+ 15.0
0.0
+ 14. 0
+ 2.7
0.0
+ 11. 4
+ 2.9
-8.6
-6.8
-2.0
-26.6
+ 7. 8
+ 23. 5
+ 45.9
+ 16. 1
-10.5
-2.9

UNFILLED ORDERS
Total
Textiles
__
Iron and steel Transportation equipment
Lumber

167
154
157
204
142

67
59
66
49
56

75
66
75
60
88

75
69
75
60
84

72
73
75
62
69

76
67
76
79
86

77
64
79
86
84

74
59
80
94
66

-3.9
-7.8
+ 1.3
+ 9. 3
-21.4

+ 2.8
-19.2
+ 6. 7
+ 51.6
-4.3

124
119
130
128
167
130
118
141
140

82
83
87
70
43
68
76
88
72

110
101
118
110
148
119
95
115
108

111
100
130
105
137
110
100
119
126

112
108
125
99
123
108
108
134
133

113
101
120
111
156
130
99
121
117

114
101
127
110
139
129
105
124
129

115
110
129
102
110
114
112
141
140

+ 0.9
+ 8. 9
+ 1.6
-7.3
-20. 9
-11.6
+ 6.7
+ 13.7
+ 8.5

+ 2.7
+ 1.9
+ 3.2
+ 3.0
-10.6
+ 5.6
+ 3.7
+ 5.2
+ 5.3

193

68

141

155

194

184

193

242

+ 25.4

+ 24.7

305
257
224

62
77
82

136
204
169

144
202
164

164
230
169

161
233
214

147
216
200

176
257
209

+ 19.7
+ 19.0
+ 4.5

+ 7.3
+ 11.7
+ 23.7

187
117

71
83

85
97

107
103

124
112

90
96

109
103

128
112

+ 17.4
+ 8.7

+ 3.2
0.0

Relative to 1923-1925 monthly average as 100

October,
1929, from
September,
1929

October,
1929, from
October,
1928

+ 16.3
+ 12.7
+ 59.5
-17.2
+ 15.6

+ 6.9
+ 6.0
+ 9.3
+ 0.8
+ 11.8

PRODUCTION— Continued
FOREST PRODUCTS

Total
Lumber
Pulpwood
- Gum (rosin and turpentine) *
Distilled wood
-

93
89
118
130
104

NEW ORDERS

Total
Textiles
-- Iron and steel
Lumber
Paper and printing
Stone and clay products

.

_ _ _ _ _ |l

STOCKS

-

WHOLESALE TRADE
Grand total all classes
Groceries
Meats
_
Dry goods
Men's clothing
Boots and shoes
Hardware. Drugs
»_
Furniture

-- -

RETAIL TRADE
Mail order houses (2 houses) _
CHAIN STORES:
Ten-cent.
._
Grocery
Drug
DEPARTMENT STORES:
Sales
Stocks
. ..

* Fluctuations between maximum and minimum due largely to seasonal conditions.




17
INDEXES OF BUSINESS—Continued
Minimum
since
Jan. 1,
1923

11
1

119
122
113
113
117
103
108
106
109
120
113
116

92
95
91
86
85
88
94
85
82
86
86
84
83

94
97
92
92
89
95
98
88
94
93
97
100
90

95
100
94
93
90
95
98
95
93
94
99
102
92

96
102
97
94
90
94
100
95
92
96
101
100
93

99
99
95
100
92
97
101
98
91
97
95
101
115

99
102
97
101
91
98
103
102
91
96
96
100
115

109
114
124
111
108
123
109
108
106
112
119
120
119

84
93
87
75
82
79
86
86
78
81
81
84
81

94
98
90
93
90
97
99
93
94
97
94
102
89

95
101
93
93
92
96
101
97
92
98
98
101
92

99
103
100
98
94
93
103
99
94
105
101
106
93

102
102
95
105
93
101
104
102
89
102
96
109
113

152
178
253
167
166
252
108

125
108
108
98
122
81
79

139
120
137
162
136
153
87

141
117
127
174
145
142
85

137
116
114
160
150
147
83

105
114
107
127
114
112
113
116
104
111
127

94
94
85
98
93
81
97
90
93
97
79

99
107
104
121
96
85
100
95
95
97
79

100
109
107
121
96
85
101
95
95
97
80

128
103
109
106

94
93
93
93

97
99
99
97

106
112

Relative to monthly average indicated

PEE CENT INCREASE (+)
OR DECREASE (— )

1939

1928
Maximum
since
Jan. 1,
1923

85
95

103
103

October,
1929, from
September,
1929

October,
1929, from
October,
1928

98
104
98
100
90
98
103
103
89
96
97
95
113

-1.0
+ 2.0
+ 1.0
-1.0
1. 1
0.0
0.0
+ 1.0

0.0
+ 1.0
-5.0
-1. 7

+ 2. 1
+ 2.0
+ 1.0
+ 6.4
0.0
+ 4.3
+ 3.0
+ 8.4
-3.3
0.0
4.0
-5.0
+ 21.5

103
105
98
104
95
101
108
105
90
101
99
105
115

102
106
100
104
95
97
109
107
89
102
100
101
114

-1.0
+ 1.0
+ 2. 0
0.0
0.0
-4.0
+ 0.9
+ 1.9
1. 1
+ 1.0
+ 1.0
-3.8
-0.9

+ 3.0
+ 2. 9
0.0
+ 6. 1
+ 1. 1
+ 4.3
+ 5. 8
+ 8. 1
-5.3
-2.9
-1.0
-4.7
+ 22.6

143
129
160
165
141
146
86

141
131
160
156
146
146
85

140
128
168
151
151
141
89

-0.7
-2.3
+ 5.0
3.2
+ 3.4
-3.4
+ 4.7

+ 2.2
+ 10.3
+ 47.4
-5.6
+ 0.7
-4. 1
+ 7.2

98
104
102
118
96
85
101
95
96
97
80

98
107
103
110
93
81
104
97
94
97
81

98
107
103
111
93
81
104
98
94
97
82

96
104
101
111
93
82
104
98
94
97
81

-2. 0
2 8
-1.9
0.0
0.0
+ 1.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1 2

2 0
0.0
10
5 9
3 i
35
+ 3.0
+ 3.2
-2. 1
0.0
+ 1.3

97
101
101
98

97
99
97
96

96
97
99
94

98
97
99
95

98
96
97
94

0.0
-1.0
-2.0
-1. 1

+ 1.0
-3.0
0.0
2 1

103
102

102
101

102
98

102
98

101
96

-1.0
-2.0

10
5 0

August Septem- October August Septem- October
ber
ber

EMPLOYMENT
(Relative to 1926 monthly average as 100)

Number employed, by industries:
Total, all classes
_»
Food products
Textiles
Iron and steel - Lumber
Leather
Paoer and printing
Chemicals
Stone, clay, and glass
Metal products other than iron and steelTobacco products
Vehicles.
__ _
MiscellaneousAmount of pay roll, by industries:
Total, all classes
Food products
Textiles
Iron and steel
Lumber
Leather
Paper and printing
Chemicals
Stone, clay, and glass
Metal products other than iron and steelTobacco products-.
Vehicles
_„
Miscellaneous

2. 9
£

PRICE INDEX NUMBERS
FARM PRICES
(Relative to 1909-1914 average as 100)

All groupsGrains
Fruits and vegetables
Meat animals. _
Dairy and poultryCotton and cottonseed
Unclassified
WHOLESALE PRICES
Department of Labor Indexes
(Relative to 1926 monthly average as 100)

All commodities
Farm products
_ . ..
Food, etc
Hides and leather products.- - .
Textile products
Fuel and lighting
Metals and metal products
Building materials _. .
Chemicals
House-furnishing goods
Miscellaneous
Classified by state of manufacture:
Semimanufactured articles
Finished products
-_ _
Raw materials
Nonagricultural commodities.
Commercial Indexes
(Relative to 1926 monthly average as 100)
Dun's- ..

Bradstreet's_
82029—29

3




18
INDEXES OF BUSINESS—Continued
1928

PER CENT INCREASE (+)

Mini-

since

Relative to monthly average indicated

1929

OR DECREASE (— )

Mail-

since
Jan.l,

Jan. 1,
1923

August Septem- October August Septem- October
ber
ber

1923

October,
1929, from
September,
1929

October,
1929, from
October,
1928

i

PRICE INDEX NUMBERS— Contd.
COST OF LIVING
National Industrial Conference Board Indexes

;

(Relative to July, 1914)
All items weighted
Food ( Department of Labor)
Shelter
Clothing.
_ ._ .
----Fuel and light (combined)
Fuel
Light
Sundries -

172
j
'

167
186
177
179
1
208
1 23

176

161
158
154
141
159 1 161
173
160 1
159
156
17S
174
118 I! 121
168 ! 171

163 i 163
158
157

161
174
160
180
121
171

161
173
161
182
121
171

!

163
160
159
169
158
177
120
169

163
161
160
168
159
180
120
169

163
161 |
160 1
168 i
161
182
120
170

0. 0
0.0
0. 0
0. 0
+ 1. 3
+ 1. 1
0. 0
+ 0.6

0. 0
+ 2. 5
— 0. 6
— 2. 9
0. 0
0. 0
— 0. 8
-0.6

PAINT, VARNISH, AND LACQUER PRODUCTS'
1928

MONTH
Total sales
January
February
March
April
May. „
June
July
August
September

._

$23, 211, 240
24, 565, 971
29, 765, 549
30, 537, 081
36, 498, 142
33, 585, 807
26, 684, 736
30.901,278
27, 967, 064

..

._-

Trade sales

.

1939

Industrial
sales

Not specified

$8, 419, 843
8, 756, 602
10, 307, 140
9, 965, 905
11, 007, 815
10, 799, 480
9, 365, 880
11, 411, 735
10, 330, 227

$8, 546, 848
9, 700, 662
11, 717, 124
12, 539, 099
15, 887, 801
14, 020, 418
9, 478, 450
11, 332, 886
10,204,927

Total sales

$6, 244, 549
6, 108, 707
7, 741, 285
8,032,077
9, 602, 526
8, 765, 909
7,840,406
8, 156, 657
7, 431, 910

$24, 935, 873
25, 133, 727
32, 260, 827
34,840,099
37, 619, 643
33, 569, 795
28,456,902
34, 428, 941
29, 694, 051

Trade sales
$8, 973, 955
9, 283, 254
12, 163, 386
13, 910, 259
15, 909, 955
13,644,988
9, 613, 489
13, 501, 286
10, 804, 088

Industrial
sales
$9, 743, 238
9, 787, 126
11, 514, 538
12,067,409
12, 446, 351
11, 114, 415
10, 386, 267
11, 982, 991
10, 710, 541

Not specified
$6, 218, 680
6, 063, 347
8, 582, 903
8, 862, 371
9, 263, 337
8, 810, 392
8, 457, 146
8, 944, 684
8, 179, 422

ms.
* Compiled by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census and represents the total sales of paint, varnish, and lacquer products as reported by 388 fir
Trade sales include shipments to dealers, jobbers, painters, and consumers, Industrial sales are those to manufacturers, railroads, the Government, martine, and all ot
other
similar users.

AUTOMOBILE FINANCING 1
NEW CABS FINANCED

TOTAL
MONTH

January
February
March
April.
May
June
July
August
September
Total (9 months)

Number of
cars
_ ..

147, 008
177, 960
290, 422
363 339
38ll 810
369, 968
363, 226
323, 429
282, 818
2, 699, 981

Volume in
dollars

UNCLASSIFIED
Number
of cars

Volume in
dollars

i

Number of
cars

$71, 939, 872
85, 263, 846 i
136, 287, 410
168, 844, 566
176, 227, 801 !
171, 883, 530
165, 310, 672
151, 595, 703
131, 723, 060

76, 157
101, 712
164, 648
203, 224
210, 303
202, 457
205, 369
177, 204
155, 075

$47, 188, 573
60, 485, 230
96, 505, 505
119, 630, 526
123, 691, 554
120, 771, 728
117,936,478
107, 052, 134
92, 008, 795

66,400
71, 520
118, 281
151, 498
163, 500
160, 736
151,555
141, 598
123, 445

$22, 702, 351
22, 597, 517
36,526,060
45, 381, 285
49, 048, 413
48,116,003
44, 704, 872
42,499,925
37, 853, 924

4,451

8,007
6,775
6,302
4,627
4,298

$2, 048, 948
2, 181, 099
3, 255, 845
3, 832, 755
3, 487, 834
2, 995, 799
2, 669, 322
2, 043, 644
1, 860, 341

1, 496, 149

885, 270, 523

1, 148, 533

349, 430, 350

55,298

24, 375, 587

Volume in
dollars

1,259,076,460

Volume in
dollars

USED CABS FINANCED
Number of
cars

4,728
7,493
8,617

* Compiled by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, from reports of 369 automobile-financing organizations. Forty-six of the smaller firms found
it impossible to segregate their operations, their totals being shown in the unclassified group. This summary is subject to revision in subsequent issues as reports are
received from additional firms.




19
FACTORY EMPLOYMENT: INDEXES BY GROUPS >
[Monthly average, 1993-1925=100. Without seasonal adjustment]
Transportation
equipment

steel

and

Textiles

105.4
101.9
102.3
102.6
103.1
104.2
106.6
109.2
111.5
109.1
110.4
112.9

112.1
106.0
103.4
100.1
96.4
95.5
99.8
104.2
104.8
79.3
90.1
101.8

121.0
118.2
114.5
113.2
110.2
107.9
108.7
114.2
117.9
122.4
126.8
131.2

90.7
84.7
87.4
91.1
94.9
97.9
102.2
102.3
103.7
105.0
105.3
107.8

113.1
110.2
109.3
105.4
103.5
104.4
106. 4
108.0
110.3
110.8
112.4
114.0

96.1
95.4
95.5
94.3
92.7
95.0
96.3
97.2
98.0
98.2
100.2
103.1

83.3
83.6
86.2
86.2
88.4
88.9
92.0
96.4
100.1
103.5
104.3
105.2

92.9
91.5
91.0
91.1
91.9
93.3
96.3
97.2
100.7
102.6
103.5
103.5

74.3
75.1
76.6
79.7
81.2
84.9
88.7
91.0
95.3
98.0
98.1
95.9

104.3
104.5
103.9
102.4
104.0
105.0
105. 7
108.9
110.4
111.4
113.7
115.6

68.6
66.1
70.8
81.8
91.3
94.2
87.1
94.5
90.0
93.1
90.5
88.9

108.1
107.9
107.6
107.5
110.0
112.0
117.5
120.8
119.6
120.3
121.7
122.5

129.8
127.4
118.8
111.6
105.8
104.0
100.2
99.2
100.3
100.0
101.0
102.1

126.1
124.6
124.8
122.4
120.6
111.2
97.6
87.9
97.3
103.4
119.7
119.2

106.6

99.5

117.2

97.8

109.0

96.8

93.2

96.3

86.6

107.5

84.7

114.6

108.3

112.9

114.0
113.1
115.2
113.9
111.7
110.9
108.4
108.6
107.1
103.5
97.5
90.3

110.3
111.3
113.4
112.0
106. 4
109.3
109.0
107.0
107.6
106.4
101.2
89.7

134.8
133.0
135.6
134.2
132.0
133.0
133.7
131.0
128.0
123.2
117.8
110.4

109.5
108.5
110.8
109.9
107.7
104.1
96.2
94.0
94.0
90.7
81.3
73.1

109.0
105.1
105.6
103.1
103.2
104.3
104.9
104.9
104.3
102.9
101.2
97.6

104.4
102.9
104.6
104.1
103.8
103.7
105.4
105.5
105.8
105.9
104.8
101.6

102.4
102.6
103.2
97.3
91.1
95.2
78.4
86.9
83.5
81.3
75.3
69.7

106.4
105.7
107.3
106.5
107.0
107.7
107.4
107.4
105.1
101.4
96.9
91.7

100.2
101.7
102.2
100.5
97.4
94.7
95.1
88.9
83.2
73.4
65.4
61.6

117.0
114.7
115.3
112.4
109.2
104.2
96.1
93.8
84.4
81.7
77.5
75.5

85.0
81.8
85.1
88.7
94.7
94.8
93.2
90.1
89.0
87.8
90.9
87.5

124.8
122.9
131.2
129.3
124.4
128.8
127.0
125.8
125.5
122.8
107.7
85.7

101.8
100.1
99.8
98.8
96.4
96.1
97.8
98.3
95.8
98.3
94.5
87.9

115.7
110.1
112.3
113.0
109.2
109.8
107.2
106.9
112.3
111.8
115.8
116.4

107.9

107.0

128.9

98.3

103.8

104.4

88.1

104.2

88.7

98.5

89.1

121.3

97.1

111.7

81.3
82.7
83.1
82.1
82.2
81.3
79.9
81.4
83.3
84.0.
84.2
83.3

72.7
75.4
72.7
65.8
65.6
61.1
53.8
57.5
59.8
63.9
67.7
68.3

103.0
94.8
89.7
84.0
78.6
74.3
68.6
67.0
66.0
65.0
65.4
67.3

71.4
84.1
89.3
92.7
93.7
94.3
94.6
96.0
100.4
101.5
99.3
98.9

90.1
91.8
93.3
89.7
90.8
91.4
93.5
94.5
98.5
102.1
103.1
98.3

96.5
95.2
93.9
88.7
83.2
83.6
84.1
85.5
87.0
88.8
91.0
91.5

69.3
71.9
73.6
74.4
75.0
75.2
' 73.2
73.5
74.6
76.0
78.6
78.1

72.0
69.0
67.5
67.8
70.3
68.4
70.1
72.8
74.5
76.5
77.1
74.4

31.9
38.8
47.2
58.5
61-9
59.1
59.2
59.6
59.3
59.0
57.0
53.6

74.0
80.4
83.2
82.5
85.8
89.0
90.8
94.2
94.3
93.0
91.9
94.0

72.2
62.6
67.1
73.1
78.1
78.0
76.8
74.9
76.3
74.9
75.0
74.7

76.8
69.9
70.7
72.1
73.4
72.6
68.7
74.7
75.5
79.9
80.6
78.9

81.4
76.0
75.5
70.9
69.3
68.8
66.3
64.7
65.0
70.2
72.6
69.0

109.0
105.0
101.7
108.0
110.5
112.7
109.3
109.9
114.6
116.3
114.7
113.7

82.4

65.4

77.0

93.0

94.8

89.1

74.5

71.7

53.8

87.8

73.6

74.5

70.8

110.5

_

82.6
84.4
85.6
85.4
87.6
89.5
87.0
90.3
93.6
96.5
98.5
100.0

65.2
70.5
73.2
78.5
81.7
85.9
86.9
88.1
88.5
92.9
96.2
99.0

70.0
71.0
74.5
76.9
79.8
80.6
80.8
82.0
87.1
90.3
94.1
99.0

98.7
100.7
97.2
93 9
92.6
92.0
91.7
94.2
97.9
100.3
102.8
105.6

92.3
93.0
94.1
89.1
90.0
91.4
94.4
97.7
97.3
100.3
103.7
102.3

93.4
92.7
91.4
88.7
90.8
90.3
90.6
92.5
93.8
94.9
95.7
97.4

84.7
89.1
93.1
92.4
97.2
100.3
99.2
99.5
97.7
98.5
98.5
95.8

70.3
71.5
74.2
75.5
79.7
83.6
58.3
66.4
77.6
90.1
94.9
97.9

52.8
56.5
60.6
65.6
72.8
77.5
79.2
78.4
80.2
78.8
80.0
81.9

96.0
96.9
94.6
90.3
90.0
91.6
95.3
99.8
102.3
102.7
105.0
107.2

70.0
69.0
77.0
84.8
93.4
94.0
93.6
94.3
94.9
95.0
96.1
95.1

76.7
78.6
81.3
81.7
86.1
88.7
92.1
95.5
95.9
98.7
102.5
103.2

69.5
70.5
73.5
74.5
76.6
76.6
80.6
83.6
86.7
90.2
94.0
95.8

99.4
104.2
106.0
100.0
103.4
104.1
109.8
109.0
111.8
113.2
112.7
112.8

_.

90.1

83.9

82.2

97.3

95.5

92.7

95.5

78.3

72.0

97.6

88.1

90.1

81.0

100.6
102.4
104. 9
105.2
105.3
105.9
104.8
105.5
105.9
104.8
103.4
101.3

99.2
101.7
103.8
104.3
105.5
107.8
105.1
107.3
106.6
106.3
104.2
100.8

100.7
104.6
108.2
110.1
110.5
110.8
111.2
110.6
109.6
107.2
105.6
103.4

106.9
108.1
110.5
109.7
108.1
105.9
101.8
101.6
103.1
103.0
102.0
102.3

96.4
97.4
98.7
97.3
98.2
101.5
103.2
104.3
106.4
109.1
107.3
103.7

96.8
97.3
99.6
99.7
99.0
99.6
99.0
98.9
99.1
100.1
100.8
101.4

95.6
97.6
98.6
100.2
101.5
103.4
103.9
103. 6
103.1
102.4
101.6
99.4

101.8
103.5
106.6
107.5
108.3
109.8
107.9
108.3
107.8
108.7
107.9
104.1

87.4
95.4
99.5
103.8
105.1
104.6
101.1
100.2
101.3
102.9
103.3
102.7

110.5
111.6
111.4
109.1
106.5
103.6
101.7
105.2
104.7
103.9
103.7
102.1

91,7
92.7
96.3
101.5
105.1
106.2
104.4
104.2
103.6
102.9
101.3
99.4

104.7
108.1
111.3
112.5
111.9
111.1
108.9
107.3
103.4
102.4
101 5
101.5

99.7
104.4
108.5
104.8
103.9
101.4
99.8
99.9
100.0
98.7
98 8
98.1

Total

YEAR AND MONTH

January .
February
March
April. _.
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December.

1919

•

..

Monthly average
1920

January.
February . . .
March
April.
May
June
July.
August
September
October
November
December

Monthly average
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August.. .
September
October .
November
December

1921
.

_

_

.

__

Monthly average
J anuary
February
March
April
May.
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

1922

Monthly average.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Chemicals
LumCeLeath- ment, NonRub- ToFood Paper ber
ber bacco
er and clay, ferand
prod- print- and
prod- and rous
Petro- prod- prodproducts
Auto- ucts glass metals
ucts ucts
ing
leum
ucts Group moGroup refinbiles
ing

Machinery

1923

_.

_.
_

Iron

-• •
97.5
98.8
100.7
105.5
109.3
108.3
107.8
106.6
104.0
101.0
98.6
96.5

110.4
115.1
116.3
116.9
116.4
111.2
102.1
90.6

T86.0

85. 3
87.9
91.6

107.2
108.0
107.4
108.6
105.4
105.4
105.5
103.2
100.0
105.1
106.4
107.7
106.7

104.4
Monthly average
104.2
107.7
105.3 102.0
99.3 100.9 106. 9
100.6
106.2
100.8
107.1 101.5 102.9
102.5
105.8
i Compiled by the Federal Reserve Board from data collected by the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the
Census and several other Federal and State governmental agencies. The indexes represent in their long-time fluctuations employment and pay rolls in all manufacturing
industries, as shown by the Census of Manufactures from 1919 to 1927. Necessary adjustments will be made to succeeding censuses. In their current monthly fluctuations
they represent 50 industries employing in the aggregate in 1927, 6,600,000 wage earners or about 78 per cent of the total engaged in manufacturing and accounted for about
80 per cent of the factory pay rolls of wage earners for that year. The industries are classified into 14 industrial groups, of which 13 are shown here. Each of the individual
industry series, of which the indexes are composed, is adjusted to fluctuations shown by the census. For full description of these indexes see the Federal Reserve Bui'
etin for November, 1929, pp. 706-716.




20
FACTORY EMPLOYMENT: INDEXES BY GROUPS'—Continued
[Monthly average, 1923-1925=100. Without seasonal adjustment]
j

Total

YEAR AND MONTH

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August September
October..
November
December.

. _ _ _

_

.
_- _
._

1936
-.

.
.
-

_
_._

Monthly average.

1937
_
_ -

_

Monthly average .

1938

January
_
February.
March
....
April
May
..
June.. _^
.
July
August.
_.
..
September
,
October
November
..
December
_
_
Monthly average .

1939
. ..

99.9
101.1
101.4
99.7
96.3 I
93.5
90.5
91.8
94.3
95.1
94.6
95.9

101.8
106.3
108.0
107 4
100.2
94.7
89.0
87.8
90.1
92.8
92.8
96.0

100.3
99.6
100.0
99.2
95.1
92.2
88.3
88.0
88.1
89.2
90.1
92.8

102.4
103. 6
102.9
98.3
94.1
91.1
84.1
86.9
91.8
95.1
94.6
97.5

100.4
101.7
100.5
97.3
96.8
98.9
99.5
99.7
102.1
102.2
100.4
100.8

100.9
100.6
100.7
100.1
99.6
98.9
97.2
97. 2
99.6
100.3
100.9
101.5

96.5
98.9
99.0
100.0
99.9
97.4
96.1
96.4
97.5
98.7
98.2
98.2

102.8
102.5
102.9
101.3
96.4
91.6
89.5
89.3
89.7
91.0
89.9
91.4

107. 5
109.8
111.8
107.1
96.8
86.4
82.2
83.3
83.9
85.0
83.1
85.5

102.4
102.9
103.1
97.6
93.2
88.2
88.4
92.9
96.4
97.6
97.1
96.2

94.9
95.5
100.3
103. 9
104.3
102.1
98.2
99.1
97.9
97.9
97.3
96.5

102.0
106.4
106.4
103.7
98.0
91.8
87.0
85.3
87.3
88.7
91.0
93.4

99.2
100.8
103.1
102.1
98.0
89.7
89.6
90.2
93.0
94.4
95.2
96.9

95.9
96.7
96.8
97.7
98.0
98.1
98.2
97.2
95.6
94.5
94.6
94.5

92.4
93.7
93.3
92.1
91.1
88.2
84.0
84.6
93.7
93.0
97.2
98.5

101.9
102. 6
101.1
97.5
97.0
96.0
97.7
97.0
99.5
92.3
101.5
100.6

97.2

93.6

95. 2

100.0

99.8

98.1

94.9

93.5

96.3

99.0

95.1

95.9

96.5

91.8

98.8

96.4
98.2
99.5
99.3
98.4
98.2
98.1
99.8
102.0
102.4
101.9
101.6

98.9
101.3
101.9
99.8
98.4
96.6
94.5
95.6
96.3
97.9
98.8
100.4

93.9
95.8
96.8
97.7
97.3
97.4
97.0
97.7
99.3
101.8
104.0
105.9

98.8
101.4
102.8
101.6
99.0
97.6
94.8
96.2
97.9
101.2
101.7
101.6

98.1
98.4
98.2
93.2
93.7
97.1
97.2
97.6
100.1
102.7
101.5
100.4

100.8
100.8
101.5
100.6
99.7
99.5
99.5
99.3
100.4
102.2
103.3
103.9

97.8
99.6
99.3
100.7
100.5
101.2
100.7
101.3
103.0
103.5
102.9
101.7

93.2
94.2
97.0
99.8
100.0
97.7
97.3
97.9
99.2
101.7
101.2
100.4

89.4
90.6
97.1
104.9
110.9
105.8
105.1
106.9
111.5
118.6
117.4
111.7

99.5
101.3
101.2
97.2
95.0
90.8
93.8
98.7
100.6
100.3
97.3
94.2

91.8
93.2
97.5
102.2
103.4
103.7
102.8
101.8
102.4
102.6
101.5
99.8

95.3
98.1
98.5
97.3
98.7
98.5
96.6
96.5
97.1
97.5
99.6
100.6

97.3
101.2
107.2
107.2
98.3
98.1
99.5
100.5
105.2
105.3
105.7
106.1

94.1
95.2
95.2
96.6
97.2
100.1
103. 0
104.1
105.7
105.2
105.4
105.9

99.6
102.9
103.7
104.9
108.2
109.1
109.7
110.1
109.0
102.6
102.2
106.4

95.9
96.7
97.4
89.7
95.4
93.9
94.0
93.0
95.2
98.4
97.7
98.0

98.4

98.7

99.6

98.0

101.0

101.0

98.3

105.8

97.5

100.2

97.9

102. 6

100.6

105.7

95.4

100.8
101.9
102.6
101.9
100.9
100.7
99.3
101.1
103.5
103.2
101.2
100.0

100.0
102.0
102.0
102.8
101.7
100.6
99.4
100.9
102.6
102.7
101.6
99.1

107.0
108.8
109.5
108.7
107.9
108.9
107.7
107.9
108.1
108.5
106.1
106.1

101.6
102.0
102.4
100.4
97.9
95.1
89.0
90.7
96.3
99.3
99.2
100.9

97.9
97.2
96.4
93.8
95.3
97.7
98.1
98.7
101.6
103.7
101.6
99.4

103.5
102.7
103.3
102.7
102.7
102.6
102.2
102.4
104.0
105.2
106.3
105.9

99.0
99.4
99.6
101.4
101.5
101.6
101.0
102.0
101.6
101.4
100.0
97.8

100.6
102.3
104.2
102.9
100.8
99.3
97.5
97.8
97.8
95.4
91.8
89.5

111.8
114.0
116.4
112.5
107.9
105.8
102.8
105.0
104.4
100.0
91.4
85.7

96.4
98.4
97.2
92.7
91.4
91.4
95.0
99.6
101. 3
101.1
99.7
97.5

94.8
95.4
97.3
100.8
104.6
106.5
104.8
106.0
106. 4
104.8
103.1
98.5

99.8
102.7
104.4
103.2
100.8
98.4
96.9
97.4
98.5
97.5
98.0
96.6

107.5
109.2
112.2
111.6
106.1
105.7
105.0
106.3
110.9
111.3
110. 7
109.2

104.7
105.7
105.5
107.5
107.9
110.7
112.1
112.4
113.9
114.4
113.9
113.7

108.1
108.6
108.0
107.5
104.2
102.6
97.3
104.1
107.8
106. 5 '
100.8
100.1

88.0
92.6
92.2
88.6
88.5
91.7
89.0
86.8
91.1
93.8
93.8
93.6

101.4

_.

Monthly average

January.
February
March
April.
May
_
June
July .
August.
September

101.3

107.9

97.9

98.5

103.6

100.5

98.3

104.8

96.8

101.9

99.5

108.8

110.2

104.6

90.8

98.1
99.7
100.4
99.8
99.1
99.0
98.0
99.2
100.6
99.3
96.9
95.5

97.0
98.9
100.1
99.9
99.4
98.2
95.7
95.7
96.1
95.2
93.6
92.2

104.2
105.3
104.8
103.3
101.4
101.1
99.0
98.7
97.5
96.7
94.4
93.6

101.1
103.0
103.8
102.1
100.1
98.8
96.4
' 98.4
101.4
102.1
101.5
100.7

97.4
97.2
96.4
95.4
96.2
100.7
99.8
99.1
102.5
103.1
101. 3
100.2

104.0
104.1
104.0
103.2
102.2
101.9
101.2
101.8
102.8
103.4
104.3
104.5

93.1
92.2
91.9
91.7
92.6
92.7
92.5
93.4
94.1
93.5
91.9
88.5

88.1
92.4
93.5
93.7
93.4
91.0
87.6
88.0
86.1
85.1
80.5
81.2

85.5
96.5
100.6
101. 1
101.1
95.1
88.5
92.1
88.8
87.5
79.2
82.7

99.5
100.2
100.0
95.4
93.8
93.7
97.2
100.6
101.1
99.2
94.0
92.3

91.7
92.8
97.1
100.7
102.2
102.6
100.6
98.8
98.6
96.8
96.1
91.7

96.5
97.4
100.5
100.4
101.7
99.0
98.0
97.7
96.0
95.1
93.9
92.8

110.2
111.5
115.1
115.0
106.7
104.5
103.6
104.0
106.9
106.3
105.9
104.5

115.0
116.1
117.1
114.7
112.3
111.3
111. 3
109.4
107.3
104.3
102, 0
101.2

100.8
102.2
102.8
106.9
110.1
108.4
105.0
104.3
104.3
101.9
99.2
102.2

85.2
91.5
91.7
90.2
91.5
94.1
94.5
88.6
98.6
101.0
100.5
96.3

98.8

96.8

100.0

100.8

99.1

103.1

92.3

88.4

91.6

97.3

97.5

97.4

107.9

110.2

104.0

93.6

94.2
95.7
96.6
96.0
95.7
96.2
95.7
98.3
100.3
100.2
98.8
98.1

91.0
94.0
95.4
95.3
95.7
95.5
93.6
95.9
96.4
96.9
97.7
97.1

92.8
94.1
95.5
95.9
97.4
98.2
97.9
99.5
101.4
102.8
103.8
105.2

99.7
100.7
100.3
97.0
93.4
91.8
87.8
89.4
92.6
95.7
96.2
97.0

96.8
103.0
97.8
102.4
97.4
101.4
95.6
100.3
96.1 100.6
97.6
100.5
97.9
100.5
97.4 1 100.8
100.5 I 101. 1
102.6
102.4
101.9
103.7
102.0
103.6

85.3
85.4
86.7
87.5
87.4
88.3
87.5
89.5
90.4
90.6
90.5
88.2

83.0
89.7
98.3
86.1
88.2
102.6
105.2
89.7
92.4
111.3
92.4
111.3
91.6
111.2
94.2
118.1
95.4
121.5
94.4
119.8
90.2 , 109.1
89.9
107.7

96.2
97.9
97.3
92.4
89.8
89.7
94.0
95.9
96.1
94.6
89.3
88.6

85.9
86.5
89.4
91.8
95.3
96.2
94.6
96.6
96.0
94.1
91.8
89.5

89.8
93.6
94.6
95.9
95.9
96.0
95.3
96.0
97.6
100.0
102.2
102.4

103.3
106.5
110.4
109.9
101.5
101.0
100.4
101.3
106.8
107.4
107.3
107.8

101.1
100.8
101.0
99.4
99.2
101.5
102.6
103.9
105.8
104.3
104.0
104.7

105.1
107.6
106.0
105.7
105.4
105.4
110.7
111.6
113.4
113.2
109.8
109.6

88.5
92.4
93. 5
91.1
92.2
93.0
88.0
94.7
96.7
99.1
98.9
95.7

97.2

95.4

98.7

95.1

98.6

101.7

88.1

90.6

108.8

93.5

92.3

96.6

105.3

102.4

108.6

93.8

97.4
99.7
101.3
101.8
101.6
101.2
100.7
102.0
103.4

97.1
98.3
99.3
99.7
100.7
100.8
99.8
101.0
101.0

106.7
110.4
113.8
116.7
119.1
120.8
121.5
119.4
119.5

95.9
98.0
101.0
99.3
97.3
96.3
91.5
94.2
98.4

98.6
98.8
97.6
96.2
97.3
99.2
99.8
99.7
102.4

102.5
103.4
103.1
102.5
102.8
103.2
103.6
104.1
106.0

85.5
85.8
86.6
88.2
89.2
90.0
90.5
92.2
91.8

94.0
99.0
100.5
101.7
101.5
97.6
96.4
95.5
94.8

118.3
129.5
131.1
131.4
130. 0
120.6
117.8
115.0
113. 1

91.9
94.1
92.7
90.6
90.3
89.4
94.6
98.1
99.5

84.3
84.5
86.8
90.5
93.1
93.8
91.2
93.8
93.6

102.4
106.1
107.9
107.7
105.3
102.9
100.5
99.8
98.6

107.6
110.9
115.5
119.0
110.3
107.9
108.9
111.2
114.5

104.0
106.7
109.2
111.9
114.4
116.4
120.0
121.9
124.0

112.2
112.3
113.3
114.3
115.3
115.0
114.2
111.5
108.3

84.1
92.0
92.0
91.3
90.3
91.4
90.5
93.0
93.7

1
1

See footnote, on p. 19.




Textiles

99.7

.
.

1935

January
February
March _
April
MayJune
July
_
August
September ._
October
November
December

Maery

chin-

Chemicals
CeLeath- ment, NonRubPaper LumToFood and
ber
er and clay, ferber bacco
prod- print- and
prod- and
rous
prod- prodPetroucts
ing products
ucts Group Auto- ucts glass metals Group leum ucts
morefinbiles
ing

96.2

.

- - - ._-

January.February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
„„ ,
November
December

and

steel

Transportation
equipment

j

1934

Monthly average
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Iron

i

1

21
FACTORY PAY ROLLS: INDEXES BY GROUPS1
[Monthly average, 1933-1995=100. Without seasonal adjustment]

Total

YEAR AND MONTH

Iron
and
steel

Machinery

Textiles

Transportation
Chemicals
Lum- equipment Leath- Ce- NonToRubPaper ber
Food and
ber bacco
er and ment, ferprod- print- and
prod- prodprod- clay, rous
Petroand
ucts ing products
ucts Group Auto- ucts glass metals Group leum ucts
morefinbiles

ing

January.. .
February
March __
April
May
June
July
August .
September
October
November
December .

1919

93.4
90.2
89.0
86.1
90.0
93.6
97.5
104.1
105.8
108.1
110.7
119.8

59.1
56.2
61.3
66.6
69.6
79.5
73.8
78.0
81.2
81.6
83.5
80.6

107.5
99.8
91.6
89.2
89.7
77.6
81.9
88.4
109.7
115.2
118.1
122.5

112.1
105.5
97.9
93.6
90.7
91.4
92.3
90.9
98.9
104.6
110.7
112.8

74.2

89.2

88.8

74.9

99.0

72.6

99.3

100.1

107.2
103. 0
108. 6
100.8
111.7
115.2
114.1
112.8
111.9
111.0
109.6
104.2

94.3
93.0
98.8
96.7
300. 3
100.9
101.0
103.6
104.3
106.5
104.8
99.3

115. 9
114.4
121. 3
114. 6
113.6
113.2
108.3
113.6
109.1
105.1
94.4
87.3

100.5
99.4
107. 3
106.5
116. 2
1 16. 9
111.2
124.6
121.1
120.6
108.6
104.7

96.6
94.7
101.1
97. 3
102.8
97.7
97.2
96.9
92.6
88.1
62.5
56.9

122.9
116.4
122.4
120. 7
118.3
118.7
110.0
106.7
92.0
84.8
79.9
78.1

79.4
74.6
80.7
88.7
98.6
101.7
99.5
99.2
99.0
100.9
103.3
97.7

124.5
125. 1
138.9
137.9
133.5
140. 6
140.8
138.1
143.7
134.2
118.2
88.7

114.5
110.5
115. 7
115. 5
114.0
116.2
116.3
118.9
113.4
119.0
113.3
97.1

107.8

109.2

100.3

109.2

111.5

90.4

105.9

93.6

130.4

113.7

124.6

105.7
88.2
84.5
79.3
73.3
66.1
60.0
57.6
56.1
53.5
54.1
56.6

66.1
82.2
90.4
92.1
90.4
91.8
91.4
94.4
97.4
91.8
88.4
94.0

96.3
96.6
96.9
89.8
92.5
90.8
91.9
91.0
93.6
97.1
93.6
89.5

93.3
89.2
88.4
83.1
76.4
78.3
78.7
79.7
80.8
82.2
83.2
85.9

68.6
71.1
72.6
70.9
69.0
71.9
63.9
69.9
65.8
63.5
64.6
65.9

78.9
71.9
72.1
74.4
74.6
72.8
71.0
73.3
71.4
72.7
70.8
68.8

25.2
28.4
38.7
57.7
61.9
60.4
60.4
58.0
55.3
50.0
46.0
42.6

72.0
85.9
85.1
81.7
83.2
89.2
89.5
94.8
92.9
88.8
85.7
95.5

74.6
60.6
64.0
69.3
73.0
72.0
65.0
68.1
66.0
65.3
65.2
66.4

74.7
67.2
64.8
66.0
67.0
66.8
60.0
65.9
64.0
67.5
69.1
67.7

86.6
73.9
73.2
68.0
66.2
64.5
63.4
58.7
58.2
63.5
64.8
62.3

108.4
101.0
101.0
102.6
110.6
112.6
105.0
104.6
108.6
104.0
95.9
100.5

55.8

69.6

89.2

93 3

83.3

68.0

72.7

48.7

87.0

67.4

66.7

66.9

104.6

47.6
53.2
56.5
60.1
64.9
69.6
65.9
72.6
77.9
85.2
91.1
93.9

57.3
59.4
62.9
64.6
68.2
71.0
71.9
74.8
78.3
83.0
87.5
94.8

90.4
95.0
91.0
83.8
83.1
84.4
87.3
90.1
94.1
93.9
97.9
100.5

85.4
84.4
86.1
80.4
85.7
88.9
90.4
90.1
94.3
96.2
101.2
99.0

83.5
80.9
84.6
82.5
84.4
84.5
83.7
85.6
88.5
90.0
91.2
93.8

68.9
73.9
78.5
77.6
81.1
84.4
82.3
86.4
86.3
87.5
89.4
89.3

57.2
64.2
69.2
71.0
76.9
82.3
62.5
72.9
81.0
88.9
93.0
96.3

31.0
46.6
50.0
60.0
68.1
73.3
73.2
78.7
76.1
77.1
79.0
80.9

97.2
98.1
92.7
86.8
86.2
89.5
92.5
98.5
100.2
99.3
103.2
108.4

58.3
54.0
58.5
64.1
74.0
77.4
79.1
79.9
81.6
81.7
84.2
85.1

66.2
65.7
71.7
72.5
77.2
81.0
81.6
86.5
91.2
92.8
98.9
101.8

62.3
62.3
64.8
66.1
67.6
68.3
73.3
77.4
79.6
84.2
87.8
91.2

87.3
85.9
92.6
80.7
93.6
98.9
104.4
104.1
107.9
108.0
113.9
113.3

81.1

1922

_.

Monthly average

69.9

72.8

91.0

90.2

86.1

82.1

76.4

66.2

96.0

73.2

82.3

73.7

99.2

94.1
97.8
102.8
103.9
107.3
107.5
103.2
104.2
104.8
107.2
104.9
103.1

93.3
98.8
101.9
100.0
109. 7
111.5
98.8
106.6
105.4
110.2
107.0
102.9

91.8
97.1
103.5
108.5
112.3
113.8
111.3
110.2
109.6
110.1
107.7
107.9

103.2
106.0
111.2
108.9
111. 0
108.0
102.2
102.6
104.2
106.2
101.7
104.1

93.5
94.0
96.5
95.3
97.5
101.0
101.8
100.3
105.0
106.3
106.3
103.9

92.1
93.0
96.0
96.7
97.5
97.2
96.2
92.8
95.6
98.0
98.1
100.3

87.4
89.9
93.9
98.1
102.1
104.8
103.7
103.0
103.5
105.2
105.2
103.0

92.7
99.0
106.6
108.8
112.0
111.4
107.4
109.1
106.7
114.2
112.9
104.7

77.0
92.6
101.0
106.1
108.0
102.2
99.4
101.9
98.9
110.1
109.9
102.6

110.9
113.1
115.7
112.2
110.4
105.8
99.4
104.0
103.8
103.1
99.9102.7

83.1
84.4
90.5
98.5
104.2
105.2
99.9
104.0
104.2
106.6
105.0
101.8

96.5
101.2
108.5
114.7
116.1
113.0
109.2
102.9
101.2
98.8
99.3
102.1

93.1
95.6
101.2
102.2
103.3
101.6
102.0
98.7
100.4
102.4
98.9
98.7

103.4

103.8

107. 0

105. 8

100.1

96.1

100.0

107.1

100.8

106.8

98. 9

105. 3

96.5
95.8
96.5
92.4
92.9
95.2
95.1
97.0
100.5
99.9
104.8
109.1

98.1

104.1

90.0

98.0

117.3
115.9
124 2
121. G
123. 3
125.2
120.3
123.0
121.1
117.2
108.4
99.6

117.5
122.9
132. 0
125. 7
122.4
128.8
121.6
124.0
129.7
132.2
123.6
105.4

134. 9
128. 5
141. 3
139. 1
139.7
144.0
145.6
143.4
139.1
130.2
124.1
117.6

122.9
121.4
127.8
124.4
121. 3
119.2
107.1
105.4
102.7
93.0
79.0
69.6

123.8

135.6

81.0
79.1
72.5
59.4
57.1
47.9
37.4
42.6
42.1
47.3
50.1
52.5

76.8

1921

73.5
64.8
69.9
74.9
80.3
89.1
97.1
101.7
105.0
102.3
103.7
117.9

84.0
82.3
82.4
79.6
78.0
76.1
72.2
74.4
73.9
73.1
72.0
73.6

__ _

103.7
99.9
98.6
95.8
92.7
88.7
90.2
100.4
110.0
113.7
123.7
131. 5

118.1

_

Monthly average
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
Dfioembftr

59.8
64.1
65.3
67.7
71.3
69.2
73.0
74.9
83.7
92.5
90.5
86.6

115.5
108.0
102.3
94.6
87.5
88.4
91.0
106.7
106.3
78.8
90.7
106.9

98.1

1920

Monthly average
January _
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

95.9
85.1
85.8
85.0
86.1
82.2
83.8
81.9
90.1
93.9
97.7
97.6

97.2
91.0
91.6
90.9
91.4
93.0
95.8
100.9
105.9
100.8
105.4
113.4

Monthly average
January..
February
March
April
May
June
July.
August
September
October
November
December

1923

January _
February
March
April
_
May
.
June
July
.
August
September
October
November
December..

110.0
105.0
109.4
102.5
107.4
97.1
89.7
84.6
101.9
106.1
134.5
138.3

74.2
70.0
69.3 - 73.3
69.8
74.4
69.3
77.8
68.2
83.4
72.9
87.7
74.5
92.1
77.3
94.8
81.6
98.9
71.0
99.1
74.0
105.4
109.4
91.9

69.7
72.7
74.8
73.8
77.2
80.4
77.6
82.4
86.5
89.4
93.1
95.6

__

__ _
_

Monthly average
i See footnote on p. 19.




._

!
I

107.2

-

126.8
115. 5
129.2
126.5
328.9
130.0
118.3
117.3
123.7
125.2
128.6
125.2

"

96.5
96.6
101.5
105.4
107.6
108.3
110.3
103.7
104.4
102.5
94.5
94.1

106.0
112.9
118.0
121.3
119.4
114.2
94.5
85.1
84.7
84.1
86.7
90.8

108.8
104.3
107.9
103. 1
101.9
104.7
100.7
90.9
101.0
108.4
108.3
110.9

99. 8 | 102. 1

101.5

104. 1

22
FACTORY PAY ROLLS: INDEXES BY GROUPS'—Continued
[Monthly average 1933-1925=100. Without seasonal adjustment]

YEAR AND MONTH

January.
February
March
April .
May
June
July..
August..
September
October
November
December

Total

1924

.. _.

Monthly average
January
February. _
March
April
May
June
_
July
August.
September
October
November
December

. ..

Monthly average
January.
February .
March
April
May.
June
July
August
September

.

1928

1929

.




99.8
101.4
100.3
97.1
98.3
100.8
101.4
99.4
103.5
101.0
100.6
102.7

99.9
100.3
101.0
100.8
99.8
98.5
94.6
95.0
99.1
101.1
101.4
104.3

94.1
100.8
101.5
102.6
101.4
99.4
92.5
94.5
97.0
99.6
98.2
99.6

93.8
105.2
104.1
104.0
97.5
89.4
82.1
85.8
86.3
91.2
88.5
90.9

91.8
114.9
113.0
109.2
96.7
79.4
72.3
77.8
80.8
84.4
80.2
82.5

103.1
104.3
103.3
94.4
89.4
85.1
84.1
94.6
99.7
100.1
91.9
95.7

95.8
99.9
103.8
107.6
107.9
105.7
97.2
98.5
97.4
100.1
96.9
98.2

101.5
108.1
110.1
104.3
97.7
89.1
81.3
83.0
86.9
88.2
91.1
96.8

96.3
98.8
102.1
101.2
97.6
92.7
90.0
92.0
93.3
95.3
97.8
98.2

89.8
93.0
95.9
95.8
97.7
99.3
95.7
96.3
94.0
92.4
97.9
94.1

91.6
94.3
93.8
93.4
92.9
86.4
82.4
84.2
95.9
97.3
99.2
100.9

103.7
102.7
102.1
93.6
96.0
99.3
96.6
96.4
100.5
91.5
104.3
106.6

96.7

92.6

94.4

100.5

99.7

98.4

93.2

90.2

95.5

100.7

94.8

96.3

95.2

92.7

99.4

101.7
104.9
105.4
101.2
101.1
95.8
89.7
94.8
92.8
101.0
100.1
104.8

94.0
98.2
99.7
98.4
100.2
99.1
97.2
97.7
97.0
104.3
107.6
111.3

100.9
105.3
108.1
101.5
97.5
94.3
93.1
96.2
94.1
102.5
101.7
102.4

99.0
98.2
97.2
93.1
96.3
99.9
99.3
99.1
99.9
104.1
103.3
103.0

103.0
102.8
104.3
102.8
102.5
101.7
100.7
101.0
102.3
107.5
109.9
112.2

93.2
99.6
101.1
100.3
101.2
102.7
99.4
100.7
103.2
106.8
105.7
104. 9

83.5
98.1
101.8
103.4
104.2
98.8
96.4
95.8
96.8
106.3
107.6
103. 2

71.5
95.2
103.1
112.8
118.7
108.9
107.9
104.7
111.5
128.1
128.7
117.1

99.6
104.2
104.6
96.0
95.0
89.9
93.7
103.9
99.8
101.1
93.4
92.1

88.8
94.5
98.6
102.0
104.4
103.4
99.5
102.7
100.1
104.7
103.7
101.0

98.9
101.6
101.6
97.1
101.6
100.3
97.3
99.6
94.6
98.2
101.7
105.9

97.7
102.5
108.2
104.8
102.2
100.5
100.6
101.8
102.8
107.5
109.1
109.1

92.9
97.4
100.8
97.8
102.5
103.2
102.7
108.0
104.4
108.2
108.6
105.8

99.4
104.9
106.2
107.2
112.0
109.1
110.2
110.4
105.8
99.8
99.0
106.5

99.6
92.9
94.0
79.1
96.5
95.9
94.4
95.5
95.5
102.9
104.5
105.1

99.4

100.4

99.8

99.4

104.2

101.6

99.7

109.1

97.8

100.3

99.9

103.9

102.7

105.8

96.3

101.6
105.4
107.4
106.5
104.2
103.6
97.9
101.0
104.4
108.9
105.6
103.7

109.5
113.8
115.6
113.8
112.8
114.6
108.6
111.0
108.7
113.3
109.6
112.0

102.9
105.2
106.3
100.5
95.8
92.4
85.4
90.3
96.5
102.6
99.6
103.7

100.2
99.4
98.9
95.6
99.4
102.0
101.6
101.2
104.2
106. 0
103.4
102.8

109.7
109.1
111.0
110.2
110.0
109.8
107.3
107.8
109.4
112.5
113.2
114.6

95.8
100.8
101.4
101.4
101.9
103.3
98.6
103.3
104.2
106.6
104.8
101.3

92.0
104.3
107.0
106.2
103.2
100.8
94.0
100.7
97.2
100.7
94.0
88.6

97.4
118.9
121.9
118.0
112.0
105.1
97.1
108.5
105.4
107.1
92.7
78.3

95.7
100.7
99.8
90.7
87.7
92.3
97.6
105.7
105.7
105.8
98.8
97.1

92.2
94.8
97.6
99.4
105.3
107.9
101.6
106.9
103.9
106.0
103.5
99.3

103.2
105.0
109.0
106.6
104.9
102.0
99.2
100.3
99.1
102.4
102.0
102.3

109.6
109.7
113.2
112.9
109.8
110.5
106.9
108.2
110.6
114.0
113.2
113. 2

107.0
105.1
107.4
108.8
110. 6
113.9
110.0
114.4
114.7
114.9
114. 6
115.7

108.1
111.3
109.2
109.5
105.1
102.8
100.0
104.1
112.1
109.2
100.6
103.0

91.2
89.5
94.0
87.7
87.2
92.9
89.5
88.7
93.9
98.0
97.1
95.0

104.3

1927

104.6
107.7
105.5
97.6
90.1
85.5
77.2
84.3
92.2
96.6
92.3
99.4

101.2
105.6
107.4
105.3
103.8
103.8
99.3
103.6
105.0
108.3
104.6
103.8

_

99.4
100.3
101.2
100.6
96.3
91.8
83.3
83.6
84.2
87.6
88.5
94.4

100.9

1926

102.2
111.9
114.1
111.3
102.1
88.5
77.2
83.5
86.5
92.5
91.6
98.9

95.4
100.9
103.0
100.4
100.7
98.7
97.1
99.5
99.4
105.2
105.1
105.5

1925

Monthly average
January.
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October..
November
December

Textiles

Chemicals
LumCeLeath- ment, NonRub- ToFood Paper ber
and
ber bacco
er and clay, ferprod- print- and
prod- and rous
prodPetro- prod- products
ing
Auto- ucts glass metals
ucts ucts
leum
ucts Group moGroup refinbiles
ing

95.7

.

Monthly average
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

and

steel

Machinery

98.4
103.6
103.8
101.4
96.8
91.7
85.1
88.9
92.3
95.2
93.5
97.6

Monthly average
January
February
March
April .
May
June
July „ .
August
September
October
November
December

Iron

Transportation
equipment

104.2

111.9

98.4

101.2

110.4

102.0

99.1

105.2

98.1

101.5

103.0

111.0

111.4

106.2

92.1

98.6
104.8
106.3
105. 0
104.3
102.5
98.6
102.2
101.9
102.5
98.5
99.4

97.2
103.3
106.0
106.3
102.6
101.2
91.7
96.5
94.9
95.7
92.6
93.4

107.1
111.5
111.5
108.7
107.3
106.0
99.7
101.8
97.5
98.8
95.0
97.6

103.9
109.7
110.9
104.5
101.2
100.4
97.1
101.6
105.7
107.3
102.4
104.1

100.1
100.0
99.3
98.3
101.1
105.2
104.1
102.6
105.1
105.4
103.8
103.3

110.8
111.2
112.0
110.6
110.1
108.4
106.3
107.7
108.7
110.4
111.4
113.6

91.4
93.9
95.1
93.9
96.4
96.3
92.8
96.4
97.5
98.8
96.3
92.3

79.5
95.9
99.0
101.0
101.6
92.1
87.4
91.6
86.9
89.8
84.1
86.8

65.8
98.8
108.0
111.0
111.6
91.9
87.4
95.3
89.6
93.0
81.5
88.7

98.9
105.1
102.9
96.5
93.9
95.0
100.6
108.6
106.1
99.5
87.5
88.8

87.1
92.8
97.6
101.2
104.1
101.9
96.2
97.7
95.9
96.3
94.0
89.9

100.9
103.2
99.4
101.0
106.8
103.5
98.8
99.4
97.7
98.4
95.6
98.9

111.0
114.8
118.1
116.5
109.3
110.3
104.5
105.6
106.3
107.3
105.8
107.3

113.3
120.0
121.2
118.5
113.2
116.6
110.8
110.5
107.6
105.9
103.7
103.5

102.4
108.2
109.2
115.0
118.1
114.3
108.5
108.7
108.2
105.0
98.4
106.2

82.5
£5.7
87.4
84.4
90.4
93.8
92.8
86.9
98.0
99.0
98.1
94.8

102.0

98.5

103.5

104.1

102.4

110.1

95.1

91.3

93.5

98.6

96.2

100.3

109.7

112.2

108.5

91.1

95.7
101.1
102.5
100.3
100.8
100.9
98.3
102.5
104.2
107.5
103.6
104.2

89.9
100.3
101.6
99.7
102.1
99.6
93.8
99.8
99.1
105.1
105.1
103.3

94.5
99.0
101.9
101.8
104.2
106.1
102.5
105.3
106.0
111.3
110.3
114.0

101.0
105.0
104.0
95.3
92.0
90.9
85.8
90.2
94.9
101.0
96.7
100.3

100.3
102.0
101.3
97.5
100.2
102.8
103.1
101. 5
104.3
106.0
104.9
106.3

110.6
109.7
109.8
109.0
108.9
109.0
107.3
107.5
100.2
111.5
111.7
113.7

83.2
87.2
89.5
89.6
90.5
91.3
88.3
91.5
93.4
95.8
94.4
90.8

83.4
94.1
97.9
99.4
100.9
98.5
94.8
100.4
100.1
104.7
96.1
95.8

88.2
111.0
117.2
119.3
124.2
117.6
115.2
128.3
129.0
134.1
114.5
112.4

95.3
101.4
99.9
86.0
82.9
87.1
94.3
100.4
99.6
95.9
80.1
86.0

82.5
84.3
87.3
90.5
94.0
94.0
91.0
95.1
92.8
94.1
90.7
88.4

95.7
101.5
102.5
102.4
105.3
104.8
101.2
106.7
109.4
116.6
118.5
120.5

104.2
106.4
108.8
108.7
103.4
102.9
102.5
103.6
106.3
109.2
108.2
108.1

104.0
103.5
103.4
104.2
101.6
104.2
107.1
108.6
109.3
107.8
107.1
107.2

109.4
115.7
114.6
113.0
109.3
112.5
114.8
117.9
123. 8
120.4
112.4
114.1

85.0
85.1
86.3
80.3
84.1
89.7
84.9
88.7
92.9
95.2
94.1
94.3

101.8

99.9

104.7

96.4

102.5

109.8

90.5

97.2

117.6

92.4

90.4

107.1

106.0

105.7

114.8

88.4

100.9
108.4
111.1
111.7
111.5
109.2
104.8
109.4
110.5

101.3
107.2
108.5
110.5
111.6
109.9
103.5
109.3
108.9

112. 3
120.7
126.5
129.5
131.9
131.6
128.2
127.5
127.9

97.0
103.6
108.8
103.2
99.3
97.8
90.4
97.4
103.0

102.2
102.5
101. 2
100.4
103. 1
105.6
105.6
105.0
108.1

111.4
113.0
114.9
113.3
114.3
113.6
111.4
112.8
116.3

83.4
86.5
88.4
90.9
92.8
92 2
93.5
94.7
96.6

93.6
111.4
113.9
117.0
116.0
107.9
97.1
106.8
103.3

114.5
147.4
148.2
152.0
147.1
130.9
110.2
128.0
120.3

90.2
94.5
91.4
87.9
88.1
89.8
97.8
105.0
104.3

79.0
81.0
84.8
89.3
91.8
92.5
86.1
91.2
91.3

117.4
124.1
127.6
127.0
123.1
117.0
112.6
113.2
112.1

106.3
111.3
113.6
117.8
113.1
111.2
111.2
113.0
116.0

105.3
110.2
112.1
117,1
118.9
120. 0
123.3
125.1
129.3

118.8
145.8
146.7
150.2
146.5
120.6
115.1
110.9
104.9

76.3
82.3
84.4
86.1
86.1
88.5
87.9
90.6
93.4

23

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS
The following table contains a summary of the monthly figures, designed to show the trend in important
industrial and commercial movements. These data represent continuations of the figures presented in the
latest semiannual number (August, 1929), in which monthly figures for 1928 and 1929 may be found, together
with explanations as to the sources and exact extent of the figures quoted. The figures given below should
always be read in connection with those explanations. Data on stocks, unfilled orders, etc., are given as of
the end of the month referred to.
1939
The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

June

TEXTILES
Wool
Eeceipts at Boston:
47,795
Total
thous. oflbs..
40, 596
Domestic
thous. oflbs
7,199
Foreign
_
thous. oflbs..
Imports:
In condition imported
thous. oflbs..
16, 592
17,903
Grease equivalent
thous. of lbs_.
Consumption by textile mills,
44, 066
grease equivalent _ _
_thous. of Ibs. .
Machinery, activity, hourly:
Looms65
Wide _
per ct. of hours active
Narrow
..per ct. of hours active
61
69
Carpet and rug
per ct. of hours active-85
Sets of cards - . .per ct of hours active
78
Combs
per ct of hours active
Spinning spindles82
Woolen
per ct. of hours active
65
Worsteds
per ct. of hours activePrices:
.97
Raw, territory, fine, scoured— dolls, per lb__
Raw, Ohio and Pa. fleeces,
.42
H blood, combing, grease—dolls, per lb._
Worsted yarn
dolls per Ib
1.45
Women's dress goods, French
serge, 39-in
dolls, per yd..
.98
Suiting, 13-oz
dolls per yd
2.008
Stocks, grease equivalent, end of quarter:
2 348, 496
Total
thous. oflbs
Held by manufacturers
thous. oflbs.. 2 156, 796
Held by dealer
thous. oflbs.. 2 191, 670
Cotton
Production, crop estimate..
thous. of bales
Ginnings
thous. of bales..
Receipts into sight
thous of bales
222
Imports, unmanufactured
bales..
26, 113
Exports, unmanufactured
(including linters) .
bales
308,947
Consumption by textile mills
bales
570,281
Stocks, domestic, end of month:
2,665
Total, mills and w'houses— thous. of bales..
Mills
thous of bales
1,289
Warehouses
thous of bales
1,376
Stocks, world visible, end of month:
Total
thous of bales
4,476
American
thous of bales
2, 302
Prices:
To producer
dolls per Ib
.179
In New York, middling
dolls, perlb..
.188
Cotton Yarn
Machinery activity of spindles:
Active spindles
... thousands.
30, 628
Total activity.
_ millions of hours
8, 155
Activity per spindle
hours..
232
Ratio to capacity....
percent
104.8
Carded sales yarn:
Production
_
thous. of lbs_.
20, 272
Stocks, end of month
thous of Ibs
8,785
Unfilled orders, end of month .thous. of Ibs..
32, 650
Prices:
22/1 cones, Boston..
dolls per Ib
.348
40/ls, southern spinning
dolls, per Ib..
.499
Cotton Goods
Cotton textiles:
Production . .
.
thous. of yds
285, 928
New orders
thous. of yds.. 228, 244
Shipments
thous. of yds.. 252,008
Stocks, end of month
thous of vds
401, 2CO
Unfilled orders, end of mo.. .thous. of yds.. 358, 748
Fine cotton goods, production
pieces.. 465, 658
Cotton cloth:
Imports
thous of sq yds
4,880
Exports
thous. of sq. yds..
44,730
Fabric for tire manufacture,
consumption
thous. oflbs
20, 359
Elastic webbing, shipments
thous. of dolls..
1,473
Prices:
Print cloth, 64 x 60.
dolls, per yd
.072
Sheeting, brown
dolls per yd
.084
Cotton goods (Fairchild) rel. to 1911-1913...
159
2
Quarter ending in month indicated.
s




August

July

September

October

September

56, 981
53, 652
3,329

40,476
35, 594
4,882

19, 444
16,975
2,469

12, 148
6,931
5,217

17,068
19,015

18, 158
21,450

19,463
23,066

52, 644

49,755

59, 352

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

1929

1928

Per ct.
increase
( }
or t
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

8,090 -37.5 +50.2
4,598 -59.2 +50.7
3,492 +111.3 +49.4

276,513 +1.1
188, 404 -2.8
88,109 +10.5

+7.2
+7.5

-V

208,718
235, 192

240, 711 +15.3
270,581 +15.0

51, 477

43,492

273, 622
193, 906
79,716

20,730
24, 193

14, 510
17,015

47, 296

October

10,315
7,156
3,159

18,815
21, 931

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FEOM JAN. 1
THEOUQH OCT. 31

PEE CENT INCREASE (+) OE
DECEEASE (— )

1938

+19.3

+15.3

442,387

501,763 +13.4

i
62
60
61
80
86

60
62
66
80
93

64
63
66
83
94

65
66
71
85
91

59
53
62
85
74

67
66
67
93
82

+1.6 -3.0
+4.8
0.0!
+7.6 +6.0
+2.4 -8.6
-3.2 +11.0

78
62

77
69

77
70

78
72

80
62

88
68

+1.3
+2.9

-11.4
+5.9

.93

.93

.92

.90

1.14

1.10

-2.2

-18.2

.42
1.45

.43
1.45

.43
1.48

.43
1.48

.54
1.58

.54
1.58

0.0
0.0

20 4
-6.3

.98
1.996

.98
1.901

.98
1.901

.98
1.901

.99
2.008

.98
2.008

0.0
0.0

0.0
-5.3

+6.1
+4.4
+7.5

0.0
+3.4
-2.6

.. —

« 14, 478
« 11, 321
«3,983 +72.1 +5.6
-28.8
27,840 -17.3

10,237
264, 153

11, 184 +9.3
374,954 +41.9

6,192,275
5, 427, 596

5, 602, 076 -9.5
6, 060, 532 +11.7

2 369, 642
2 163, 651
2 205, 991

2,431
23, 974

2369,816
•158,346
2211,470
» 15, 009
« 11, 898
4,184
19,815

126
21, 369

823
24,793

246,983
546, 457

235,914
558, 113

2,038
1, 052
986

2,189
802
1, 387

4,017
792
3, 225

6,672
1,360
5, 312

3,358
720
2,638

3, 651
1,693

3,458
1, 629

4,381
2,652

6,677
4,982

4,114
2,563

6,198
4,645

+52.4
+87.9

+7.7
+7.3

.178
.186

.180
.187

.182
.189

.175
.186

.185

.176

.181
.196

-3.8
-1.6

-3.3
-5.1

30, 396
7,744
222
100.3

30, 237
8,130
234
97.7

30, 038
7,881
226
104.0

30, 135
9,004
258
108.7

28,209
6,961
196
90.1

13, 211
8,901
32, 472

• 19,639
8,185
32, 175

17, 122
7,423
35, 833

18, 199
7,173
40, 749

18,839
10, 248
34,836

.348
.515

.348
.510

.359
.503

.358
.501

.372
.495

+0.6
-1.4

-3.5
+1.6

234, 439
262. 889
252; 779
382, 920
368,858
408, 659

307, 538
312, 635
326, 398
364, 060
355, 095
485, 437

268,611
371,485
287, 628
345,043
438, 952
381,760

283,064
222, 196
265, 450
362, 657
395, 698
454,524

253,688
387, 151
278, 110
417, 245
398,005
113, 627

284,899
401,953
307,402
394, 742
492, 556
282, 763

+5.4
-40.2
-7.7
+5.1
-9.9
+19.1

-0,6
-44.7
—13.6
-8.1
-19.7
+60.7

5, 175
50,412

3,927
42,35t

3,972
42, 274

5,936
43, 709

3,139
34,694

3,676
56,087

+49.4
+3.4

18, 126
1,357

15, 803
1,399

1,419

1,600

17, 797
1,478

20,295
1,624

+12. 8;

.073
.083
159

.075
.086
160

.078
.076
.074
.087
.086
.089
160
160
160
* Final estimate for 1928.

.078
.090
163

As of Nov. 1

731,613 1,263,202
545, 649 640, 798

. 357
.510

2,078
18, 508

814, 569 «1»252,066
492, 307 6616,238

+72.7
+17.4

+0.9
+4.0

«5,828 +66.1 +14.5
• 1, 196 +71.7 +13.7
• 4, 632 +64.7 +14.7

6

30, 302 +0.3
8,694 +14.2
246 +14.2
« 103. 5 +4.5

-0.6
+3.6
+4.9
+5.0

17,621 +6.3
-3.4
8,476
39, 041 +13.7

+3.3
-15.4
+4.4

175,712

185,055

+5.3

2,942,048
2,989,637
2,883,807

2,938,501
2,894,424
2,967,587

-0.1
-3.2
+2.9

2,423,896

4, 427, 145 +82.6

+61.5
-22.1

51, 064
429, 637

51,582 +1.0
484, 130 +12.7

-1. 5

14,003

15, 592 +11.3

+2. 6
0. 0
+1.2
-3.3
0.01
-1.8
« As of Nov. 14.

«Revised.

24

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939
The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

Oct.,
June

July

August

September

October

September

October

1929

from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1939

1938

Per ct.
inci ease
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

TEXTILES-Continued
Cotton Finishing
White, dyed and printed (outside mills) :
Billings, finished goods
thous. of yds_.
New orders, gray yardage thous. of yds._
Shipments, finished goods
cases
Stocks, finished goods, end mo
cases. _
Operating activity
per ct. of capacity. .
Unfilled orders, end of month
days..
Printed only (mills and outside) :
Production
thous. of yds__
Stocks, end of month
thous. of yds..

78, 964
65, 462
45, 674
35, 487
60
5.1

75, 582
69,475
44,809
37, 299
57
4.9

75, 845
69, 168
45,238
36, 320
60
4.9

6 73, 116
6 67, 991
6 43, 586
6 35, 062
61
M.6

81, 549
78, 806
46, 173
37, 635
65
3.9

69, 805
74, 483
45, 767
33, 410
61
5.0

83, 935
87, 175
50, 984
32, 046
66
6.0

+11.5
-2.8
+15.9 -9.6
+5.9 -9.4
+7.3 +17.4
+6.6 -1.5
-15.2 -35.0

739, 382
734, 512
462,027

832,059 +12. 5
790, 233 +7.6
509, 456 +10.3

72, 808
78, 492

60, 902
87, 397

69, 315
87, 918

66, 766
88, 864

82, 724
87, 446

66, 079
75, 161

77, 320
73, 687

+23.9
-1.6

+7.0
+18.7

644, 150

780, 154 +21.1

7,596
46, 504

7,858
51, 624

9,620
59, 704

8,811
53, 274

9,396
57,489

7,212
47, 797

8,272
49, 940

+6.6
+7.9

+13.6
+15.1

73, 185
478, 275

80, 773 +10.4
525, 026 +9.8

47, 425
23, 162

42, 596
20, 985

48, 408
25, 854

55, 104
29, 594

64, 129
28,200

50, 464
22, 786

49, 381
26, 676

+16.4
-4.7

+29.9
+5.7

100.7
67.8
63.1

99.7
65.1
63.8

101.9
65.5
65.2

100.7
63.1
66.8

102.6
58.1
66.9

92.7
54.0
66.9

102.0
50.5
69.3!

+1.9
-7.9
+0.1

+0.6
+15.0
-3.5

4.925
1.19

4.876
1.18

5.073
1.18

5.122
1.18

4.925
1.18

5.096
1.16

5. 145
1.16

-3.8 * -4.3
0.0 +1.7

1,582
2,902
1.23

858
2,802
1.15

990
2,747
1.15

1,044
2,451
1.15

1,540

924
2,814
1.50

1,238
2,663
1.50(

10, 227

14, 161 +38.5

2,198
2,221
507

2,202
2,307
631

2,132
2,353
763

1,797
2,156
763

1,876
2,173
728

1,816
2, 251
812

362
317

380
361

416
408

M19
6 403

477
396

385
358

404
340

+13.8
-1.7

+18.1
+16.5

161

220

144

6172

171

161

174

-0.6

-1.7

Hosiery
Production _
thous. of dozen pairs
Net shipments
thous of dozen pairs
Stocks, end of month _tnous. of dozen pairs
New orders...
_ .thous. of dozen pairs'.
Unfilled orders,
end of month,
thous. of dozen pairs

3,543
3,567
$, 413
3,513

3, 068
3, 075
7,943
2,813

3,417
3,485
8,139
3,427

3,577
4,039
7,887
4,025

4,184
4,332
7,730
4,426

3,255
3,755
8,128
3,810

3,852
4,166
7,849
4,342

+17.0
+7.3
-2.0
+10.0

+8.6
+4.0
-1.5
+ 1.9

4,8.41

4,437

4,234

4,139

4,066

3,957

3,888

-1.8

+4.6

Knit Underwear
Production
thous. of dozen garments
Net shipments
thous. of dozen garments
Stocks, end of mo_._thous. of dozen garments. _
New orders _ _ _ thous. of dozen garments
Unfilled orders, end
of month
thous. of dozen garments

1,187
1,126
1,735
1,157

1,091
1,064
1,797
891

1,152
1,382
1,689
1,149

1,100
1,532
1,422
1,461

1,398
1,528
1,190
1,372

1,016
1,402
1,370
1,213

1,297
1,514
1,228
1,483

+27.1
-0.3
-16.3
-6.1

+7.8
+0.9
-3.1
-7.5

2,293

2,103

1,870

« 1,783

1,607

1,696

1,645

-9.9

-2.3

Burlaps and Fibers
Imports:
Burlaps
thous of Ibs
Fibers (unmanufactured)
long tons..

51, 216
21, 182

41, 526
20,469

74, 698
25, 048

33, 568
22, 210

42, 067
26, 613

43, 617
21, 004

30, 874
25, 615

+25.3
+19.8

Pyroxylin Coated Textiles
Pyroxylin spread
thous. of Ibs
Shipments billed
thous. of linear yards
Unfilled orders, end mo_ thous. of linear yards..

4,615
4,007
2,910

4,331
3,509
2,805

4,294
3,540
2,468

3,812
3,315
2,599

3,875
3,529
2,403

4,844
3,914
4,561

5,712
4,499
3,824

thous. of dollars..

8,546

8,135

11, 335

11, 434

8,187

10, 244

12, 576

-28.4

-34.9

Buttons
Fresh-water pearl buttons:
Production
.
..ratio to capacity
Stocks, end of month
thous. of gross..

50.1
11, 351

40.9
11, 170

45.5
10, 951

46.6
10, 836

48.1
10, 686

47.5
10, 593

51.0
e 10, 521

+3.2
-1.4

-5.7
+1.6

Silk
Imports, raw
thous of Ibs
Deliveries (consumption)
bales . .
Stocks, end of month:
At warehouses
bales
At manufacturing plants
bales
Silk machinery activity:
Broad looms
per cent of normal
Narrow looms _
per cent of normal
Spinning spindles
per cent of normal
Prices:
Raw, Japanese, 13-15, N. Y._.dolls. per lb_.
Silk goods, composite
dolls per yd
Rayon
Imports—
thous. of Ibs
Stocks, bonded, end of month thous. of lbs__
Price, 150 denier, A grade, N. Y__dolls. per lb._
Clothing
Men's and boys' garments cut:
Suits
.
thous. of garments
Separate trousers
thous of garments
Overcoats
thous of garments
Overalls:
Cut
thous of dozen garments
Net shipments. .thous. of dozen garments..
Unfilled orders,
end of mo
thous. of dozen garments..

Sales by dealers

Fur

1.15

+47.5

+24.4

0.0

-23.3

7 19, 444
7 18, 883
74,061

3,710
3,242

7

0.2
+7.3
+9.4
3,971 +7.0
3,599 +11.0

19, 486
720,270
74,444

34, 414
34, 654

35,801
35,677

+4.0
+3.0

34, 4f 7

36,323

+5.4

11, 073
11,299

11,895
12, 021

11, 182

+7.4
+6.4
12,322 +10.2

+36.3
+3.9

536, 817
250, 706

555, 905 +3.6
276, 499 +10.3

+1.7 -32.2
+6.5 -21.6
-7.5 -37.2

51,005
39, 701

49, 817
41,829

-2.3
+5.4

120, 575

118, 726

-1.5

IRON AND STEEL
Iron
Manganese ore, imports. -.thous. of long tons..
51
Iron ore:
Imports
thous of long tons
244
Shipments from mines-thous. of long tons..
10, 174
ReceiptsLake Erie ports and
furnaces
thous of long tons
6,985
2,805
Other ports...
thous. of long tons
Consumption..
thous. of long tons
5,677
Stocks, end of monthTotal. _.
thous. of long tons
23, 701
A.t furnaces . . . thous. of long tons
19, 619
On Lake Erie docks-thous. of long tons..
4,082
« Revised.




48

33

+92.3

-3.8

173

284 +64.2

13

25

15

26

301
10, 671

298
10, 807

247
9,547

270
7,989

211
8,748

170
8,454

+9.3 +58.8
-16.3
-5.5

2,025
49, 720

2,585 +27.7
61, 253 +23.2

7,509
3,127
5,808

7,518
3,284
5,779

6,619
2,710
5,362

6,052
2,267
5,383

5,827
2,710
4, 608

6,002
2,580
5,025

-8.6
-16.3
+0.4

+0.8
-12.1
+7.1

33, 344
14,900
46,929

42, 627 +27.8
17, 107 +14.8
54,885 +17.0

28,697
24, 245
4,452

33, 831
28,720
5,111

38, 125
32,360
5,765

41, 135
39, 555
35, 808
+7.9
33, 082
+7.4
34, 770
29, 708
6,473 +10.4
6,365
6,100
f Cumulative through Sept. 30

+4.0
+5.1
-1.7

25

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

PEE CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (-)

1938

Oct.,

June

July

August

September

October

September

October

1929

from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1928

1939

Per ct.
increase

(

-y

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

IRON AND STEEL-Continued
Iro n— C ontinued
Pig-iron production:
Total, United States. -_thous. of long tons..
Merchant furnaces
thous. of long tons__
Canada .
thous. of long tons
Furnaces in blast, end of month:
Furnaces
number
Capacity
long tons per day
Ohio gray-iron foundries:
MeltingsActual
long tons_.
Normal
long tons
Ratio to normal
per cent of normal-Receipts
Malleable castings:
Production
Operating activity
Shipments
New orders
Wholesale prices:
Foundry, No. 2
northern

3,717
717
90

3,785
746
100

218
122, 590

216
121, 965

per cent of normal

21, 214
19, 164
110.6
131
105

19, 508
18, 535
105.3
131
99

18, 670
17, 104
109.1
120
113

. short tons .
per ct. of capacity-short tons
short tons. _

72, 282
75.0
72, 378
65, 247

70, 625
73.5
69, 665
61, 401

20.26
18.50
19.35

dolls per long ton

Composite pig iron
dolls, per long ton..
Cast-iron Boilers and Radiators
Round boilers:
Production
thous. of lbs_.
Shipments _
thous. of lbs_.
New orders
thous of Ibs
Stocks end of month
thous of Ibs
Square boilers:
Production
thous. of Ibs
Shipments .
thous. of Ibs
New orders
thous of Ibs

36, 267 +16.4
7,356 +17.6
921 +9.8

+18.6
+6.6
+11.3
12 7
+7.7

162, 507
160, 298

214, 028 +31.7
196, 732 +22.7

+1.0
+0.6
-17.4
+9.6

-14.1
-15.0
-18.0
-11.7

656, 489

727, 146 +10.8

637, 520
638,044

717, 344 +12.5
698, 880 ( +9.5

18.86
17.10
18.40

0.0
0.0
0.2

+7.4
+8.2
+3.4

13, 655
17, 021
14, 504
82, 931

17, 953
22,621
19, 819
78, 349

+32.8
+28.6
+15.6
-10.4

-14.2
+3.8
-1.2
-15.1

131, 857
132, 919
132,346

116, 153 -11.9
123, 340 -7.2
112;493 -15.0

32, 819
43, 185
35, 715
135, 030

26, 760
41, 989
36, 527
167, 063

30, 098
52, 505
53, 522
145, 051

+58.0
+24.6
-2.1
-7.3

+9.0
-17.8
-33.3
-6.9

300,469
274, 038
283, 106

232, 738 -22.5
217, 841 -20. 5
213, 369 -24.6

12,299
18, 214
16, 148

13, 770
18,092
16, 533

12, 853
23,062
23, 394

+28.9
+21.6
+3.0

-4.3
-21.0
-31.0

142, 846
129, 238
136, 339

111,671 -21.8
104,996 -18.8
108, 110 -20.7

3,588
685
91

3,062
585
91

3,374
644
93

210
205
119, 130 6 116, 405

203
113, 600

197
106, 755.

20, 081
19, 595
102.5
130
100

23, 855
20, 627
115.6
117
112

68, 651
70.0
69, 240
61, 982

6 59, 589
662.0
6
63, 049
6 52, 957

20.26
18.50
18.31

20.26
18.50
19.18

10, 578
10, 171
9,059
89, 437

8,997
13, 553
14, 490
84, 027

16, 119
17, 458
18, 421
179, 900

11, 598
22, 927
26,039
169, 044

+2.6
+7.9
-8.1

+6.3
+6.4
-2.2

197
108,800

-1.0
-2.4

+3.0
+4.4

14, 586
16, 155
90.2
131
90

20, 112
19, 349
103.9
134
6
104

+18.8
+5.3
+12.8
-10.0
+12.0

60, 165
62.4
52, 092
58, 051

62, 665
66.3
61, 736
61, 163

70, 054
73.4
63, 510
65, 780

20.26
18.50
19.00

20.26
18.50
19.03

18. 64
16.19
18.04

12, 189
15, 092
13, 916
81, 162

11, 602
18, 263
16, 936
74, 254

15, 407
23, 487
19, 583
66, 509

19, 014
28, 757
27, 242
159, 661

20, 766
34, 671
36, 481
145, 716

6113

Radiators:
9,364
Production. -thous. sq. ft. heating surface-6,756
9,545
10, 365
9,226
11, 729
Shipments... thous. sq. ft. heating surface. .
13, 665
14, 980
9,603
13, 621
New orders __thous. sq. ft. heating surface. .
14, 267
15, 680
Stocks, end of
74, 189
month
thous SQ ft heating surface
69, 277
65, 792
59, 794
Gas-fired boilers:
285, 223 315, 696 486, 659
Shipments
dollars..
549, 424
213, 780 254, 856
Shipments
thous B t u
365, 280 459, 124
271, 330
Production
thous. B. t. u._
248, 993
235, 877
306, 158
Stocks, end of month
thous. B. t. u__ 1, 197, 768 1, 115, 865 951, 598 885, 625
Crude Steel
Steel ingots, production:
4,881
4,838
United States, total
thous. of long tons..
4,927
4,511
100
95
Ratio to capacity
per cent
92
93
120
130
Canada
.thous. of long tons. _
99
120
U. S. Steel Corporation:
Unfilled orders,
4,257
end of month
thon^ of loT7 ton*?
4,088
3,658
3,903
Steel castings:
Production116, 221 117, 187 6 119, 310 6106,909
Total
short tons. _
80
Ratio to capacity
__per cent..
80
682
e 73
54, 154
Railroad specialties
short tons
51, 989
51,400 e 44, 609
62, 067
Miscellaneous . .
short tons65, 198 6 67, 910 e 62, 300
New orders —
95, 201 102, 443 6 99, 291 6 86, 413
Total
short tons
65
Ratio to capacity
per cent
70
659
668
34, 947
Railroad specialties
short tons__
37, 731
36, 500 6 33, 463
60,254
Miscellaneous _
short tons..
64, 712 6 62, 791 6 52, 950
Sheets, black, blue, galvanized, and
full finished:
Production—
337, 841 323, 905 366, 734
Total
net tons
302, 490
110.4
Ratio to capacity
per cent
98.1
97.7
109.7
Stocks, end of month163, 607
154,854 143, 323 154, 928
Total
net tons
52, 274
Unsold
net tons
47, 103
43, 886
34, 436
347, 989
Shipments
.net tons344, 676 365, 649
301, 330
307,911 337, 222 282, 107 274, 568
New orders
net tons. _
676, 568
Unfilled orders end of month
net tons
658, 155 570, 613 522, 803
Steel barrels:
Production
barrels. _ 774, 853 790, 175 806, 574 668, 224
61.8
Ratio to capacity
per cent
64.2
54.5
65.2
779, 567
Shipments
barrels
782,411 809, 860 658,583
52, 222
Stocks end of month
barrels
59, 986
66, 341
56,700
1, 548, 999 1, 372, 697 1, 205, 659 1, 098, 650
Unfilled orders end of month
barrels
14, 838
Track work, production
short tons
13, 844
12, 962
14, 818
Iron, steel, and heavy hardware
sales
rel. to Jan., 1921
220
223
229
240
Lock washers, shipments
thous. of dolls.
397
391
298
320
Wholesale prices:
35.25
Steel billets, Bessemer. dolls, per long ton..
35.00
35.00
35.00
Iron and steel comp
dolls, per long ton..
37.01
36.72
36.57
36.50
1.95
Structual steel beams
dolls, per 100 Ibs..
1.95
1. 95
1.95
Composite finished steel.dolls. per 100 Ibs..
2.56
2, 56
2. 54
2.56
6
Revised.




31, 166
6,256
839

e 3, 498
6635
699

3,756
690

53,715

72, 902

63, 082

-10.2

-14.8

522, 400
427, 629
317, 234
808, 223

395, 265
322,000
169, 376
622, 687

351, 367
274, 760
187, 196
596, 143

-4.9
-6.9
+3.6
87

+48.7
+55.6
+69.5
+35.6

2, 259, 878
1, 822, 285
1, 627, 600

3, 097, 556 +37.1
2, 432, 981 +33. 5
2, 595, 015 +59.4

4,512
85
116

4,148
88
100

4,650
91
109

0.0
-7.6
+17.2

-3.0
-6.6
+6.4

41,580

47,754 +14.8

1,030

1,203 +16.8

4,087

3,698

3,751

+4.7

+9.0

121, 450
83
49, 950
71,500

75, 761
51
25, 311
50,450

87, 952
60
29, 471
58,481

+13.6
+13.7
+12.0
+14.8

+38.1
+38.3
+69.5
+22,3

857, 368

1, 136, 351 +32.5

314, 281
543,087

489, 729 +55.8
646,622 +19.1

135, 400
93
72,400
63,000

82, 762
56
35, 234
47, 528

78,860 +56.7 +71.7
54 +57.6 +72.2
26, 736 +116. 4 +170. 8
52, 124 +19.0 +20.9

819, 168

1, 147, 481 +40.1

311, 390
507, 778

520,040 +67.0
627, 441 +23.6

319, 660
95.3

318, 907
101.0

369, 243
103.5

+5.7
-2.5

-13.4
-7.9

3, 287, 369

3, 501390

+6.5

169, 390
63, 174
291, 135
258, 810
478, 038

146, 832
44, 519
322, 876
370, 936
539, 960

150, 600
49, 800
354, 925
344, 614
525, 161

+9.3
+44.0
-3.4
-5.7
-8.6

+12.5
+26.9
-18.0
-24.9
-9.0

3, 175, 619
3, 125, 164

3, 471, 114
3, 430, 790

+9.3
+9.8

629, 904
51.3
638, 609
57, 636
901, 621
12, 902

593, 255
50.2
595, 640
55, 059
996, 820
10, 767

656, 021
56.4
661, 009
50,071
823, 872
9,493

-5.7
5.9
-3.0
-13.1
17 9
-0.5

-4.0
-9.0
-3.4
+15.1
+9.4
+35.9

6, 283, 025

7, 145, 901 +13.7

6, 285, 460

7, 134, 730 +13.5

120, 205

139, 963 -t-16. 4

243
263

207
257

236
269

+6.1
-11.7

+3.0
-2.2

2,652

3,372 +27.1

35.00
36.27
1.90
2.51

32.00
35.17
1.85
2. 50

32.80
35. 48
1.85
2. 52

0.0
-0.6
-2.6
-1.2

+6.7
+2.2
+2.7
-0.4

26
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
EaJLlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, " Survey"

IRON AND STEEL-Continued
Fabricated Steel Products
Structural steel, fabricated:
New orders (prorated)
short tons. _
Ratio to capacity
per cent
Shipments (prorated)
short tons..
Ratio to capacity
per cent
Steel plate, fabricated, new orders:
Total
_.
.short tons..
Ratio to capacity
per cent
0 il storage tanks
short tons
Steel bars, cold finished, shipments .short tons..
Steel boilers, new orders:
Quantity
_
....number..
Area
„
thous. of sq. ft_.
Fabricated-Steel Products
Steel furniture:
Business group—
Shipments .
thous. of dolls
New orders
thous. of dolls__
Unfilled orders, end mo.thous. of dolls..
ShelvingShipments
, thous. of dolls..
New orders ..
._ thous. of dolls
Unfilled orders, end mo.thous. of dolls..
Iron and steel:
Exports.
..long tons
Imports
long tons
BathsEnameled Ware
Shipments
pieces
Stocks, find of month
pieces
New orders
*
pieces
Unfilled orders, end of month
pieces..
Lavatories:
Shipments
pieces..
Stocks, end of month .
pieces
New orders
pieces..
Sinks:
Shipments
,
pieces..
Stocks, end of month
pieces..
New orders
"...
...pieces..
Miscellaneous sanitary ware:
Shipments
_.
pieces _
Stocks, end of month
pieces
New orders
pieces..
Small ware (all except baths) :
Unfilled orders, end of month
pieces..
Enameled sheet-metal ware:
Shipments
dozen pieces
Machinery
Vacuum cleaners, shipments
number
Water softeners, shipments
units _
Water systems, shipments.
units. .
Pumps:
Domestic shipmentsPitcher, hand, etc
units..
Power, horizontal type
units..
Steam, power, and centrifugalNew orders
thous. of dolls
Shipments thous. of dolls
Unfilled orders, end mo_thous. of dolls. _
Agricultural machinery and equipment:
ShipmentsTotal
rel to 1923-25
Domestic
rel to 1923-25
Foreign
rel to 1923-25
Production
rel to 1923-25
Foundry equipment:
New orders
rel to 1922-24
Shipments
rel to 1922—24
Unfilled orders, end" of mo.. rel. to 1922-24..
Stokers, mechanical, sales:
Quantity
number..
Power.. ..
. . . horsepower
Machine tools:
New orders
rel to 1922-24
Shipments
rel. to 1922-24
Unfilled orders, end" of mo _. rel. to 1922-24..
Electric hoists:
New ordersQuantity
_
number..
Value ...
dollars
Shipments
dollars..
Electric overhead cranes:
Shipments.
thous. of dolls
f ' New orders.
thous. of dolls
Unfilled orders, end of mo thous. of dolls
Woodworking machinery:
New orders
thous of dolls
F > Shipments
thous. of dolls
Shipments.
number of machines
C ancellations
t hous . of dolls _ ,
. - Unfilled&rders. andfof mo_ thous. of dolls_.
- 6 Revised.




PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (-)

1938

1929

Oct.,
September

June

July

346, 500

350, 350 365, 750 6 319, 550
91
95
683
304, 150 « 342, 650 319, 550
79
«89
83

292, 600
76

August

October

342, 650
89
354,200
92

Septem-

ber

October

1929

from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

Per ct.
increase
(+)
or de| crease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31 1

1928

1939

319, 550 6 257, 950
667
83
273, 350 319, 550
71
83

+7.2
+7.2
+10.8
+10.8

+32.8
+32.8
+10.8
+10.8

2, 798, 950

3, 299, 450 +17.9

2, 571, 800

3, 022, 250 +17.5

45, 918
58
6,890
51, 181

48,968
62
14, 963
49, 910

«41,653
653
6 15, 189
40,889

30, 669
39
8,607
39, 296

40,281
50
18, 572
43,893

53,983
68
23, 960
50,867

-26.4
-26.4
-43.3
-3.9

-43.2
-42.6
-64.1
-22.7

437, 951

444, 606

11, 150
46, 747

195, 230
417, 961

126, 063 -35.4
512, 666 +22.7

1,685
1,823

2,052
2,075

1,859
1,781

6 1, 910
« 1, 957

1,712
1,871

1,749
1,453

1,803
1,500

-10.4
-4.4

-5.0
+24.7

16, 669
14, 917

16,258 -2.5
17,427 +16.8

2,574
2,522
2,320

2,625
2,560
2,240

2, 483
2,418
2,171

6 2, 334
«2,290
«2,055

2,971
2,856
2,067

2,754
2,689
2,062

3,159
3,193
2,095

+27.3
+24.7
+0.6

-6.0
-10.6
-1.3

29, 972
29, 687

28, 397
28, 177

920
959
934

867
939
999

890
931
1,041

6843
6880
6 1, 079

979
928
1,015

678
800
754

954J
959)
760

+16.1
+5.5
-5.9

+2.6
-3.2
+33.6

7,590
7,897

247,811
46, 397

270, 532
51, 275

242,856
61, 547

222, 408
46, 346

247, 646
49,502

228, 056
47,685

256, 870
50, 176

+11.3
+6.8

-3.6
-1.3

2, 384, 301
497, 538

89, 388
181,677
82, 349
41, 644

99, 705
162, 694
119, 670
61, 118

101, 050
152, 349
116,532
74, 973

77,374
152, 107
58, 574
55,984

65, 861
161, 648
57, 397
47, 554

86, 342
134, 749
76, 074
53, 303

93, 174
147, 656
90, 665
44, 842

—14.9
+6.3
-2.0
-15.1

-29.3
+9.5
-36.7
+6.0

989, 144

840, 257 -15.1

1, 084, 367

863, 563 -20.4

101, 900
246, 575
92, 709

108, 077
223,657
140, 109

125, 920 6 96, 210
192, 213 e 172, 442
146, 983 6 72, 088

86,323
177, 104
72, 763

94, 383
168, 211
89. 126

99, 250
180, 651
91, 575

-10.3
+2.7
+0.9

-13.0
-2.0
-20.5

1,114,395

983, 542 -11.7

1, 219, 292

1, 018, 821 -16.4

102,709
298, 739
94,446

114,051
273,463
138,064

120, 018 6103,097
254, 210 6 233, 532
142, 536 6 83, 672

93, 896
246, 148
79,432

101, 777
216, 255
99, 749

111, 740
230, 725
110, 396

-8.9
+5.4
-5.1

-16.0
+6.7
-28.0

1, 154, 231

1, 021, 512 -11.5

1, 259, 146

1,060,999 -15.7

42, 061
142, 411
41, 817

44, 762
133, 265
54, 131

48,554 6 37, 205
126, 626 6 119. 359
53,402 6 28, 924

38,881
131, 672
34,653

44, 910
103, 509
44, 707

46, 129
116,110
43, 899

+4.5
+10.3
+19.8

-15.7
+13.4
-21.1

479, 541

398, 946 -16.8

495, 933

411, 518 -17.0

154, 243

214, 996

259, 787

207,826

174, 626

155, 483

129, 154

-16.0

+35.2

337, 375

290, 532

385, 162

338, 169

371, 292

352, 484

417, 387

+9.8

-11.0

3, 540, 547

87,951
1,228
13, 031

62, 750
1,177
612,268

92, 537
1,581
6 14, 200

1,484
12,600

1,450
12, 254

89, 222
1,187
10,200

96, 528
1,505
11,367

-2.3
-2.7

-3.7
+7.8

14, 136
09,967

14,064 -0.5
111,438 +11. r,

39, 898
2,989

39, 586
2,768

52, 451
2,902

48, 039
2.262

41, 566
2,532

42, 538
2,017

42, 315
2,732

-13.5
+11.9

-1.8i
-7.3|

469, 355
22,273

454, 316 -3.2
25, 160 +13. 0

2,014
1,715
4,364

1,778
1,849
4,282

1,819
1,978
4,115

1,628
1,774
4,052

1,868
1,934
3,981

1,405
1,369
3,056

1,708
1,634
3,128

+14.7
+9.0
-1.8

+9.4
+18.4
+27. 3

14, 490
14, 277

18, 059 +24.6
17, 543 +22.9

240.1
233.3
275.3
174.2

231.2
224.9
263.8
167.7

229.3
218.4
285.7
156.4

* 172. 8
6 152. 8
«275.9
6 155. 1

146.5
127.2
246.3
154.4

179.1
145.7
353.7
145.5

153.4
129.1
280.3
148.5

-15.2
-16.8
-10.7
-0.5

4.5
-1.5
-12.1
+4.0

177.3
172.7
300.8

219.3
182.1
368.7

229.5
150.8
441.1

216.3
176.8
480.8

245.3
214.1 i
492.5

170.0
129.7
529.5

185.0
254.3
462.6

+13.4
+21.1
+2.4

+32.5
-15.8
+6.5

203
67, 322

186
65, 197

199
54,929

6155
« 45, 685

178
56, 108

161
65, 060

100
27, 219

1,272
428, 538

1,530 +20.3
515, 140 +20.2

292
296
722

259
278
694

298
277
693

241
257
709

322
315
697

265
205
441

284
221
504

600
283,170
269, 978

504
249, 447
290, 141

437
264, 888
339, 881

423
230, 543
281, 439

461 I
231, 372 i
233, 215

447
228, 510
172, 986

405
209, 594
202, 829

+9.0 +13.8
+0.4 +10.4
-17.1j +15.0

4,248
2, 000, 410
1, 836, 257

5,352 +26.0
2, 659, 605 +33.0
2, 572, 193 +40.1

1,091
1,189
5,047

1,146
1,157
5, 118

1,060
1,165
5, 193 !

1, 048
701
4, 879

1,322 !
1,142 1
4,699

464
713
2, 188

806
775
2,165

+26.1 +64.0
+62.9 +47.4
-3.7 +117. 0

5,802
6,314 |

9,748 +68.0
12,480 +97.7

1,678
1,612
1,050
27
2.445

1,691
1,767
1,232
18
2.36S I

1,748 |
1,974 !
1,386
25
2. 130

1, 297
1, 555
1,129
15
1.82$

1,351 1
1,568 !
1,246 I
47 !
1.46: !

1, 639
1,413
1, 05C
2C
2. 265

-21.1
-5. 9
+6.5
-66.4
-28.2

14, 306!
13, 361
10, 080!
367

16, 695 +16.7
16, 862 +26.2
11, 880 +17.9
338 -7.9

39, 702

+14.8 +78.0
+22.8 +106. 1

+33.6
+22.6
-1.7

3.5
1,585
+0.8 .
1,666
1,170 +10.4
140 +213. 3 1
2.035 -20.11

+1.5

-2.3
-5.1

9.605 +26.5
10, 019 +26.9
2, 575, 281
484, 242

3, 806, 865

+8.0
-2.7

+7.5

+13.4
+42.5
+38.3

27
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 'of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

July

June

August

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

September

October

Septem- October
ber

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1928

1929

Per ct.
increase
or de^
crease
<-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

IRON AND STEEL— Continued
Machinery— Continued
Electric industrial trucks and tractors:
Shipments, domesticTractors
.number of vehicles. .
All other types
number of vehicles..
Exports
number of vehicles..
Fire-extinguishing equipment, shipments:
Motor vehicles
number
Hand types
number..
Patents issued:
Total all classes
number
Agricultural impelments
. number..
Internal-combustion engines
number..

168
16

17

18
145
5

15
129
. 10

21
132

14
123
32

11
102
5

120
51, 929

« 131
62, 266

«116
63, 806

8122
51, 197

113
47, 840

143
42, 193

139
49,128

3,591
51
39

4,054
53
92

3,533
51
55

3,081
51
44

4,462
63
86

3,039
40
42

4,323
59
67

82, 354
95, 339
156, 447
174, 586
95, 258
40, 852

79,229
94, 690
153, 513
174, 347
98, 720
33, 876

78, 885 6 79, 402
91, 735
92, 538
148, 648
134, 343
174, 329 6 174, 553
96, 970
98, 043
36, 811
42, 978

82, 575
97, 405
152, 840
178, 269
105, 729
44, 502

78, 341
85, 795
137, 018
157, 518
88, 707
36, 190

86,480
100, 720
149, 199
176, 623
100, 371
45, 168

83, 140
251, 481
.1778

97, 729
239, 470
.1778

104, 372
94, 751
241, 678 e 253, 519
.1778
.1778

88, 401
254, 598
.1778

51, 812
239, 142
. 1472

45, 648
241, 732
.1520

ft..
ft_.
ft..
ft..
ft..

456
404
1,084
244
249

438
461
1,049
345
405

498
434
978
302
211

373
394
928
333
242

422
417
933
454
257

403
423
1,099
412
320

466
442
1,068
419
266

ft..

568

507

480

435

499

453

459

+14.7

+8.7

-19.8

+0.5

5 -33.3 +180. 0
109
-6.8 +12.8 i
20 +357. 1 +60.0

87
972
122

153 +75.9
1,477 +52.0
124 +1.6

-18.7
-2.6

1,089
473, 767

1,101 +1.1
538, 441 +13.7

+44.8 +3.2
+23.5 +6.8
+95.5 +28.4

35, 572
423
523

37, 168 +4.5
523 +23.6
569 +8.8

+4.0
+5.3
+13.8
+2.1
+7.?
+3.5

-4.5
-3.3
+2.4
+0.9
+5.3
-1.5

738, 092
853, 571
1, 324, 496
1, 553, 418
798, 749
466, 380

855, 497
994, 619
1, 528, 278
1, 804, 158
992, 280
427, 974

+15.9
+16.5
+15.4
+16.1
+24.2
-8.2

-6.7
+0.4
0.0

+93.7
+5.3
+17.0
4,378
4,123

4,577
4,225

+4.5
+2.5

3,878

4,145

+6.9

64,565

76,775

+18.9

66, 464

78, 319

+17.8

518, 743

531, 852

+2.5

-7.4
-6.6

NONFERROUS METALS
Copper
Production:
Mines
short tons
Smelter
. short tons..
Refined (N. and S. America).. .short tons..
World production, blister
short tons
Domestic shipments, refined . . short tons..
Exports
...short tons..
Stocks (North and South America), end mo.:
Refined
short tons
Blister
short tons
Wholesale price, electrolytic
dolls, per lb._
Wire Cloth
Production
thous. of sq.
Shipments
thous. of sq.
Stocks, end of month
thous. of sq.
New orders
_
.thous. of sq.
Unfilled orders, end of month__thous. of sq.
Make and hold orders, end
of month
thous. of sq.

+13.1 -9.4
+5.8 -5.7
+0.5 -12.6
+36.3 +8.4
+6.2 -3.4

Tin

Deliveries (consumption)
Stocks, end of month:
World visible supply
United States
Imports
Price, pig, New York

long tons-

7,455

6,865

7,185

8,120

6,515

6,885

6,475

long tons
long tons.
long tons..
dolls, perlb..

23, 751
3,820
7,150
.4426

23,789
3,087
5,521
.4640

26, 400
2,858
9,737
.4665

24,556
2,479
7,712
.4538

25, 580
2,720
6,201
.4235

19,924
3,508
8,187
.4807

20, 907
4,598
8,048
.4901

+4.2 +22.4
+9.7 -40.8
-19.6 -22.9
-6.7 -13.6

Retorts in operation, end of month... number..
Per cent of total
per cent
Production
_.
_.
short tons..
Stocks, end of month
short tons
Ore, Joplin district:
Shipments
short tons..
Stocks, mines, end of month short tons..
Price, slab, prime western
dolls, per lb_.

72, 087
60.2
52, 953
36, 932

72, 329
60.1
54, 441
44, 142

58, 800
49.2
55,290
47,833

68,828
57.4
53, 285
53,362

66,996
55.9
50, 938
57, 116

61,965
53.4
49, 361
47, 915

59,882
51.5
50, 259
46, 068

-2.7 +12.0
-2.6 +8.5
-4.4 +1.4
+7.0 +24.0

60, 119
47, 458
.0669

48,995
39, 813
.0677

63, 127
42, 876
.0680

45,084
43,832
.0680

48,810
44, 622
.0674

41,429
48, 474
.0625

41, 165
53,209
.0625

+8.3 +18.6
+1.8 -16.1
-0.9 +7.8

468, 828

530, 748 +13.2

57, 579

56,924

53, 316

« 56, 807

61, 491

55, 167

58, 118

+8.2

+5.8

535, 884

576, 871

8,491
76,003
53, 542
173, 612
.0700

5,373
66,083
54, 865
173, 549
.0680

7,808
92, 668
54, 365
175, 641
.0675

7,461
75, 927
54, 623
168, 707
.0689

7,588
77, 693

10, 514
71,887
55, 610
152, 746
.0650

+1.7
+2.3

-27.8
+8.1

79,207
694, 884
7 473, 114

85, 115 +7.5
805, 454 +15.9
' 495, 016 +4.6

.0687

9,326
65, 353
51, 978
155, 482
.0645

-0.3

+5.7

5,928
1,107
4,821

5,361
1,313
4,048

5,433
1,435
3,997

6,225
1,337
3,888

5,481
1,512
3,969

5,308
999
4,309

5,796
1,191
4,605

49, 060
10,227
38, 833

57,231 +16.7
12, 710 +24.3
44, 521 +14.6

dozens
dozens-

98, 857
104, 762

105, 454
109, 841

107, 004
108, 461

113, 698
120, 297

129,282
135, 197

150, 845
139, 183

153, 813
152, 258

+13.7
+12.4

-15.9
-11.2

1, 550, 910
1, 557, 309

1, 409, 449
1, 448, 855

-9.1
-7.0

dozens..
dozens

37, 479
35, 334

42, 384
44, 117

53, 250
54, 860

46, 594
52, 970

45, 117
49, 511

55, 850
50, 606

56, 469
54, 596

-3.2
-6.5

-20.1
-9.3

445,833
424, 242

475, 147
460, 795

+6.6
+8.6

Zinc

Lead
Production
__....
short tons
•Ore shipments:
Joplin district
short tonsUtah
short tons
Receipts in U S ore
short tons
Stocks, U. S. and Mexico, end mo short tons
Price, pig, desilverized, N. Y
dolls per Ib

+7.6

Other Metal Products
Babbitt metal, consumption:
Total apparent.
Direct by producers
Sale to consumers
Pails and tubs, galvanized:
Production
Shipments
. .Other galvanized ware:
Production
Shipments

thous. of lbs._
thous. of Ibs.
thous. of lbs._

+4.9 -5.4
+13.1 +27.0
+2.1 -13.8

Electrical Equipment
Electrical mfrs., new orders
2 336, 806
(quarterly) __
._
thous. of dolls. 2 340, 898
Electrical porcelain, shipments:
97, 631
101, 013
135, 487
139, 240
Standard
dollars
172, 704
165, 385
168, 066
171, 668
Special
.
_.
dollars
632, 172
677, 099
High tension
dollars
3,794
8,301
2,794
Glazed nail knobs
thous. of pieces
4,146
1,998
2,426
1,968
Unglazed nail knobs
thous. of pieces..
2,250
3,330
1,746
1,870
Tubes
thous of pieces
1,729
Laminated phenolic products,
shipments
..
dollars.. 1, 456, 335 1, 732, 023 1,915,381 1, 514, 902
i Quarter ending in montti indicated
«Revis Bd.




2

-1.2 +27.4

264, 466

747, 495

1, 000, 129 +33.8

128, 255
148, 999
539, 810
5,257
3,042
2,807

' 718, 634 7 1, 042, 583 +45.1
? 1, 127, 984 7 1, 444, 120 +28.0

1, 243, 476 1, 365, 690

7 8, 715, 110 713,425,531 +54.0

112, 210
129, 587
493, 067
4,213
2,796
2,694

7 26, 697
7 14, 663
7
14, 929

* Cum ulative through S 3pt. 30.

7 38, 813 +45.4
7 21, 887 +49. 3
7 16, 804 +12.6

28
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

June

August

July

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

September

October

September

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Per ct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

Oct.,
'1929
from
Oct.,
1928

1928

1929

NONFERROUS METALS— Continued
Electrical Equipment— Continued
Motors:
New orders
dollars 1, 098, 864 811, 575 1, 082, 845
Billings (shipments)
dollars
883, 821 854, 986 853, 961
Power switching equipment, new orders:
Indoor
__
dollars
133, 418 208, 495 169, 384 181,078
Outdoor
dollars.. 598, 645 520, 058 605, 273 400, 343
Outlet boxes and covers, shipments
pieces 2, 114, 582 2, 587, 786 2, 719, 688 2, 542, 931
Vulcanized fiber:
1,029
814
883
Shipments, total
thous of dolls
878
3,803
Consumption.. _
thous. of Ibs
3,411
3,470
3,489
Industrial reflectors, sales
units
130, 413 124, 466 157, 473
2, 411
2, 112
Power cables, shipments
thous. of ft__
2,366
2,676
Flexible cords:
50, 538
Shipments
thous. of ft
45, 114
40, 588
45, 422
57, 202
66, 831
Stocks, end of month
thous of ft
58, 486
55 980
Welding sets, new orders:
Single operator
_ _
units
296
296
282
341
Multiple operator
units..
9
5
9
6,684
6, 364
Nonmetallic conduits, shipments, .thous. of ft._
7,320
6,954
5,114
Electric furnaces, new orders
kilowatts..
6,237
6,932
4,105
Manufactured mica:
252
274
Shipments
thous. of dolls..
254
263
294
275
Unfilled orders, end of mo. -thous. of dolls..
326
235
Delinquent accounts, electrical trade:
174, 438
168, 724
Amount
dollars
146, 166
128, 059
1,223
Delinquent
firms
number
1,176
1,027
1,117

957, 093
781, 472
175, 077
503, 226

926, 133
950, 707

108, 478
118, 301
313, 285
281, 502
2, 915, 560 3, 123, 321

-3.3
+25.7

+61.4
+60.6

1, 390, 636 1, 760, 141 +26.6
3, 796, 602 4, 706, 297 +24.0
-3.2
7 24,815, 827 24,032, 626
7 5, 639
7 24, 425

568
2,362
126, 151
2,197

649
2,971
156, 243
2,384

43, 854
44, 193

54, 973
43, 214
297
58
8,804
4, 719

-11.4
-22.2

+1.7
-99.9

7,208

234
7
7,376
4,226

+75.6

+52. 7

274
206

247
. 285

302
326

+4.2
-12.3

-9.3
-36.8

140, 637 6 162, 564
1,220
61,245

+30.5
+24.6

7 7, 597 +34.7
7 30, 521 +25.0

+2.8
+11.8

3,288

302
7

167, 129
1,392

19, 485

7 423, 021 +16.2

2,321
183
768,263
48, 852

+37.9

22, 819 +17.1

7 364, 008

+22.9

3,327 +43.3
74 -59. 6
761,313 -10.2
80, 779 +65.4

2,821

I-- -

!

AUTOMOBILES

Production:
United States6 545, 356 6 500, 392 6 498, 375 e 415, 697
Total
__ number of cars
441, 942
452, 598
Passenger cars
number of cars
426, 137
364, 786
Taxicabs
number of cars
1,378
1,040
1,054
865
6 55, 393 6 50, 046
6 91, 380 6 73, 201
Trucks
number of cars
Canada14, 214
21, 492
Total . .
number of cars
17, 461
13, 817
16, 511
11,037
Passenger cars. _
number of cars
13, 600
10, 710
4,981
3,177
Trucks
number of cars
3,861
3, 107
Exports (assembled):
From United States42, 849
50, 976
Total
number of cars
55, 545
33, 919
22, 123
34, 106
Passengers cars. _. number of cars
29, 082
20, 934
Trucks
number of cars
16, 870
20,706
26, 463
12, 985
From Canada8,219
7,629
Total
._.___
number of cars
7,319
6,641
5, 346
4,901
Passenger cars.
number of cars
4,732
4,292
2,873
2,728
Trucks. __
number of cars
2,587
2,348
Shipments (General Motors Co.):
To dealers
.number of cars.. 200, 754 189, 428 168, 185 146, 483
173, 884
194, 705
To users
number of cars
181, 851
145, 171
Accessories and parts, shipments:
231
193
Original shipment
rel to Jan 1925
205
186
150
169
152
Replacement parts
rel to Jan 1925
173
90
88
Accessories
rel to Jan 1925
92
84
186
170
Service parts
rel to Jan ' 1925
170
147
2,184
Rim production
thous. of rims. _
1,570
1,897
2,110
New passenger-car registrations:
376, 882
386, 441
Total
_
number of cars
432, 609
304, 359
12, 326
11, 447
Highest price group
number of cars
11, 240
11, 463
67, 177
57, 915
Second highest group
number of cars
64,768
52, 325
66, 834
Third highest group
number of cars
85, 913
87, 685
52, 424
230, 023
230, 80J
Lowest price group
number of cars
267, 878
187, 846
365
Miscellaneous
number of cars
522
1,038
301

5, 017, 806
4, 325, 504
14, 460
677, 842

+29.7
+27.2
+190. 5
+46.4

379, 942
320, 327
868
58,747

415, 314
358, 615
276
56,423

397, 284
339, 487
659
57, 138

-8.6
-12.2
+0.3
+17.4

-4.4
-5.6
+31.7
+2.8

3, 867, 503
3, 399, 425
4,977
463, 101

14, 523
8,975
5,548

21, 193
16, 572
4,621

18, 536
13, 016
5, 520

+5.1
-16.2
+78.6

-21.6
-31.0
+0.5

221,188
181, 853
39, 335

248, 376 +12.3
195, 935 +7.7
52, 441 +33.3

32,443
20, 931
11, 512

30, 559
22, 494
8, 065

46, 524
29, 951
16, 573

4 4
0.0
-11.3

—30 3
-30.1
-30.5

431, 098
318, 444
112, 654

489, 167 +13.5
314, 713 -1.2
174, 454 +54.9

9,637
5, 635
4,002

8,670
6,279
2,391

9,705
6,696
3,009

+45.1
+31.3
+70.4

-0.7
-15.8
+33.0

64, 319
46, 556
17, 763

90, 940 +41.4
58,326 +25.3
32, 614 +83.6

122, 104
139, 319

167, 460
148, 784

120, 876
140, 883

-16.6
4 0

+1.0
-1.1

1, 727, 778
1, 717, 591

160
166
91
147
1,647

218
185
122
140
2,316

200
184
91
141
2,115

-14.0
-4.0
+8.3
0.0
-21.9

-20.0
98
0.0 j+4.3
-22.1

288,782
11,561
47,606
47,795
181, 450
370

271, 821
11,600
60,475
64,326
134, 688
732

6284,939
12,264
656,707
662,698
6152,533
6737

-5.1
+0.9
-9.0
-8.8
-3.4
+22.9

+1.3
-5.7
-16.0
-23.8
+19.0
-49.8

2, 766, 960
113,275
586,624
785,803
1,269,872
11,386

3, 557, 833 +28.6
113,965 +0.6
561, 083 ! -4.4
-5.8
740, 531 i
2, 137, 195 +68.3
4,620 -59.4

44, 515
1,379
1,631

51, 235

41, 971
1,412
1,577

« 51, 176
6 1, 739
1,497

+15.1

+0.1

-2.1

+6.6

409, 874
7 12, 574
11, 732

433,481 +5.8
7 12, 660 +0.7
13, 171 +12.3

343

333

-1.2

+3.0

21, 930

1, 798, 068
1, 721, 279

+4.1
+0.2

21, 425

-2.3

FUELS
Coal and Coke

Bituminous:
Production38, 073
United States
thous .of short tons..
Canada
„_ thous. of short tons
1,348
Exports
thous of long tons
1,721
Consumption—
By vessels.
thous of long tons
314
By electric-power
plants
thous of short tons
3,403
By railroads
thous. of short tons
7,071
By coke plantsUnited States.thous. of short tons..
7,442
Canada. _ __ thous. of short tons
308
Stocks, end of month,
held by consumers.. thous. of short tons
33,100
PricesMine aver, (spot).. dolls, per short ton..
1.67
Wholesale, comp. .dolls, per short ton..
3.905
Retail, composite -dolls, per short ton
8.50
Anthractie:
Production
thous of short tons
5,069
Exports. _
thous of long tons
189
Stocks, end of mo. in
yards of dealers
no. of days' supply
59
PricesWholesale comp dolls per long ton
12. 628
Retail, composite.-dolls. per short ton
14. 48
6
Revised.



40, 635
1,290
1,735

43, 889
1,344
1,441

352

1,596

339

347

3, 885
7,500

3, 855
7,580

7,588
317

7, 571
315

7,153
310

1.67
3.906
8.62

1.77
3.913 i
8.69 I

1.83
3. 930
8.87

1.90
3 961
8.98

4,993
203

5,954 1
222 i

6, 792
323

12. 848
14.67

12. 924 1
14. 87

6 3, 603
7,155

6

57

6

+3.3

+9.9

61.83
4.020
8.96

+3.8
+0.8
+1.2
+22.7
+22.6

-0.8
-2.2

+0. 6
+0. 7'

-0. 3
0. 0

+0.9

7 32, 966 +10.2
7 69, 381 +1.6
73, 057 +16.5
2, 768 +18.3

+3.8
-1.5
+0.2

68,400
405

3,228

3,199
7 29, 916
7 68, 314

3, 826
8, 433

6,180
270

6,726
294

41.100

8,332
396

5, 927
265 1

12.999
14.9

13.040
14.93

62, 712
7 2, 339

7

61, 912
2,415

62, 940
2,462 j!

42, 400

1.81 1
4.019
8.84

7,389

37,500

12.754
14. 63

313

3,418 j
6 7, 635 1

55

57

53
13. 040
14.95*

f Cumulative through Sept. 30.

+1.7
+1.9

29

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939
The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, " Survey "

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

Oct.,
August

July

June

FUELS— Continued

October

September

1929

October

from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

1938

(
ort>
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

1939

1

Coal and Coke— Continued

September

Per ct.
increase

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

i

Coke:
Production, U. S.—
Beehive
By-product
Production Canada
Exports -Price, nrnace,
Conellsville

thous. of short tons..
thous of short tons
thous of short torus
thous. of long tons. .

M31
4,219
210!
100

-6.7
+4.5

+9.0
+9.3

126

322
3,959
194
77

+28.6

+26.0

2.70

2.88

2.91

0.0

-7.2

602
4, 510
221 j
92J

600
4,614
225
84

562
4,643
227
86

504
4,413
220
98

470
4,610

2.80

2.80

2.76

2.70

dolls per short ton

3,598
39, 755
1, 680
761

5, 256
44, 974
1, 995
896

7

7

+46.1
+13. 1
+18.7
+17.7

Petroleum
Crude Petroleum:
Production
._ thous. of bbls..
Stocks at end of month—
Total (comparable)
thous. of bbls_.
Tank farms and pipe
lines
thous. of bbls._
Refineries
thous of bbls
California —
Light
thous of bbls
Heavy
thous. of bbls
Imports
thous. of bbls__
Consumption (run to stills)_thous. of bbls. .
Refinery operation
per ct. of capacity _.
Price, Kansas- Oklahoma
dolls, per bbl_.
Oil wells completed
_
number. .
MexicoProduction
thous of bbls
Exports
thous of bbls
Venezuela —
Production
thous. of bbls_ .
Exports
thous. of bbls_.
Gasoline:
ProductionRaw (at refineries)
thous. of bbls_.
Natural gas (at plants). .thous. of bbls..
Exports
thous. of bbls__
Consumption
thous. of bbls..
Stocks, end of month —
Raw (at refineries) __ thous. of bbls..
Natural gas^at plants) ..thous. of bbls..
Retail distribution 41 States thous of gals
PricesWholesale, New York.. .dolls, per gal..
Retail, wagon, 50 cities. .dolls, per gal__
Kerosene:
Production.
thous. of bbls..
Exports
thous of bbls
Consumption
thous. of bbls
Stocks at refineries, end mo.thous. of bbls_.
Retail distribution, 13 States.thous. of bbls..
Price, 150° water white
dolls, per gal..
Gas and fuel oils:
Production
thous. of bbls
Consumption—
Bv vessels
thous. of bbls _
By electric pow. plants.thous. of bbls._
By railroads
thous. of bbls
Stocks at refineries, end mo.thous. of bbls..
Price Okla. 24-26, refineries-dolls, per bbLI
Lubricating oil:
Production
thous of bbls
Consumption
thous. of bbls
Stocks at refineries, end mo.thous. of bbls.. !
Prices, cylinder oil
dolls, per gal_.
Asphalt:
Production
thous. of short tons__
Stocks, end of month. .thous. of short tons..
Imports ._ _
thous. of short tons
Coke:
Production
thous. of short tons
Stocks, end of month__thous. of short tons_.
Wax:
Production
thous. of Ibs
Stocks, end of month
thous. of lbs._

83,403

91, 327

92, 288

87, 269

88, 104

76, 474

6 79, 751

+1.0

+ 10.5

379, 089

383, 343

386, 677

386, 662

384, 502

366, 720

e 367, 949

-0.6

+4.5

331, 786
47, 303

335, 232
48, 111

339, 679
46,998

341, 557
45, 105

339, 639
44, 863

326, 123 6 328, 143J
40, 597 6 39, 806|

-0.6
-0.5

+3.5
+12.7

32, 667
103,660
6,591
84, 400
83
1.300
1,316

34, 430
105, 646
6,122
85, 919
81
1.300
1,420

37, 685
108, 362
5,800
86, 733
81
1.300
1,671

40, 433
110, 010
6,953
84, 099
80
1.300
1,440

42, 041
111,076
5,766
83, 390
79
1.300
1,535

3,648
2,961

3,906
2,483

4, 091
2, 511

3,986
2,586

12, 101
10, 564

10, 793
10, 731

11, 394
10, 897

11, 338
10, 146

35, 606
4,250
5,658
33, 163

37, 855
4,417
5,925
36, 860

38, 510
4,507
5,491
37, 759

41, 991
37, 880
33, 788
1,357
1,156
893
944, 989 1, 025, 073 1,101,808

745, 848

66, 052
756, 626

+4.0 +152. 0
+1.0 +14.5
-17.1 -14.0
+5.1 +11.0
-1.2
-3.7
0.0
+7.4
+6.6 +27.3

16, 870
96, 563
7,139
79, 894
84
1.210
1,185

6 16, 684
6 97, 025
6,703
6 79, 663'
82
1.210
6
1, 206

3,716
2,244

3,904
2,731

11, 591
10, 717

9,478
8,615

10, 520
9,283

+2.2
+5.6

37, 152
4,574
4,233
34, 193

39,663
4,912
5,896
32, 816

33, 670
3,488
4,670
29, 766

6 34, 415
6 3, 931
3,919
6
30, 696

+6.8
+7.4
+39.3
-4.0

33, 222
661
982, 555

35,042
490

26, 378
436
919,055

6

+5.5 +32.6
25 9 +21.9
-10." 8 +9.9

.190
.160

.190
.158

.188
.157

.166
.160

.165
.158

4,928
1,761
2,547
8,348
31, 266
.074

4,406
1,281
2,684
8,797
35,213
.069

5,111
2,034
3,189
8,689

4,667
1,101
3,387
8,864

5,379
2,237
3,136
8,865

.068

.070

37, 338

37, 980

39, Oil

37, 468

4,544
616
4,170
37, 332
.675

4,593
701
4,477
40, 075
.695

4,734
793
4,326
39, 316
.744

4,424
6820
4,375
40, 646
.775

2,928
2,446
7, 869
.400

2,936
2,167
7,524
.388

3,143
2,268
7,478
.238

327
247
13

386
24£

154
498

68,493
825,984

10, 269
7
7

26, 435
402
893, 735

.180
.163

847, 103 +13.6

+3.7
+9.2

13, 145 +28.0

38, 768
26, 884

7
7

+10.2
+15. 4

84, 538
80, 947

113, 147 +33. 8
101,443 +25.3

+15.2
+25.0
+50. 4
+6.9

309, 946
34, 828
43, 333
275, 972

-0.6
-1.2

+4.5
+27.9
-7.9
+2.7

.072

e 5, 145 +15.3
1,749 +103. 2
-7.4
6 6 3,405
0.0
8, 633
33, 083
+2.9
.082

38,974

37, 104

6

4,540
1,061
38,717
.838

4,053
612
6 4, 371
39, 900
.650

2,852
2,054
7,589
.369

2,885
1,378
8,021
.365

2,833
1,995 j
7,742
.236 i

379
247
18

365
231
11

356
227
It

158
564

169
608

161
649

52, 714
188,764

46, 171
191,298

53, 377
190, 878

61,390
41, 828
56, 861

71, 562
44, 318
52,24£

245, 552
92, 062
37, 13£
36, 336 j
80, 02C
.206

15 0
-22.3

359, 758
43,310
49, 840
313,800

+16.1
+24.4
+15. 0
+13.7

8, 206, 714 77,912,938

—3.6

-8.3
-3.1

4,960
2,068
3, 164
8,593
39, 713
.086

7

32, 941
20, 886

.180
.163

49, 650
18, 536
30,207

47, 477
16, 838
30, 750

-4.4
-9.2
+1.8

+6.1

-12.2

37, 029

+4.0

+5.3

353, 873

375,499

4,558
619
4,877
39, 599
.650

+2.6
+29.4

-0.4
+71.4

-4.7
+8.1

-2.2
+28.9

42, 803
5,680
7
36, 528

44,068 +3.0
7,781
+37.0
7
39, 091 +7.0

2,979
2, 122
7, 830
.240

+1.2
-32.9
+5.7
-1.1

-3.2
-35.1
+2.4
+52.1

28, 915
19, 675

29,039
19,930

+0.4
+1.3

306
203
4

320
210
11

-32.9
-1.7
+45. 5

+11.3
+8.1
+45.5

2,884

3,035

+5.2

80

93 +16.3

172
672

119
402

125
404

+6.8
+3.5

+37.6
+66.3

1,162

1,481 +27.5

44, 513
183, 714

56,377
189, 094

50, 428
85, 417

54, 546
6 92, 814

+26.7
+2.G

+3.4

518, 794

70, 532
37, 851
45, 459

77, 997
34, 814

38, 454

48, 338
39, 838 I
55, 351

43, 748
44, 072
58, 302

+10. £

-12.7

7 424 044
356,' 513

255, 247
95, 536
37, 168
39, 131
83, 412

259, 583
90, 769
44, 976
36, 802 1
87, 217

270, 284
84, 362
54, 41"
37, 753
94, 252

198, 481
68, 851 !
35,242
17,687 !
76,60C i

177, 776
66, 421
27, 966
15, 489
67, 900

+4.c

+33.2

.212

.206

6

530, 195

+2.2

RUBBER
Crude Rubber
World shipments, plantation
_ long tons..
Imports (including latex) . __. long tons..
Consumption by tire mfrs_
_ _thous. of Ibs..
World stocks, end of month:
World total
Jong tons..
United States
long tons..
Europe
long tons..
Producing countries
long tons. .
Afloat
long tons..
Wholesale price, smoked sheets,
New York
_
dolls, per pound..




6 Revised.

. 202

88,483 1
37, 902 !|

|

+0.4 +144. 7

.196 !
.182 :
.187
-3.C
* Cumulative through Sept. 30.

+4.8

7

646, 505 +52. 3
476, 683 +33.7

30
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939
The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, " Survey "

RUBBER-Continued
Tires and Tubes
Pneumatic tires:
Production
thousands..
Stocks, end of month
thousands..
ShipmentsDomestic
thousands..
Export
thousands
Inner tubes:
Production
thousands
Stocks, end of month
thousands
ShipmentsDomestic.,
thousands
Export
thousands..
Solid 'and cushion:
Production _ _
thousands .
Stocks, end of month
thousands
ShipmentsDomestic
thousands..
Exports
thousands
Other Rubber Products
Rubber-proofed fabrics, production:
Total
thous. of yds—
Auto fabrics
thous. of yds..
Raincoat fabrics
thous. of yds..
All other
thous. of yds
Rubber heels:
Production
thous of pairs
Shipments—
To shoe manufacturers.thous. of pairs..
To repair trade
thous. of pairs
For export
thous of pairs
Stocks end of month
thous of pairs
Rubber soles:
Production
thous of pairs
Shipments—
To shoe manufacturers.thous. of pairs..
To repair trade
thous of pairs
For export
thous of pairs
Stocks, end of month".
thous. of pairs. .
Mechanical rubber goods, shipments:
Total
thous. of dolls—
Belting
thous. of dolls..
Hose
thous of dolls
All other
thous of dolls
Rubber bands, shipments
..thous. of lbs_.
Rubber flooring, shipments
thous. of sq. ft..
Calendered rubber clothing:
Production . _
no. coats and sundries .
Net orders
no. coats and sundries. _
HIDES AND LEATHER

Oct.,
July

June

August

September

October

September

October

1929

from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

iPerct.
increase
( )
or t
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1938

1939

i

5,478
13,468

4,856
11,872

»4,354
6 10, 669

3,557
9,635

3,706
9,674

5,101
7,324

5, 495
8,640

+4.2
+0.4

-32.6
+12.0

49, 779

49, 838

5,288
153

5,891
168

65,884
«217

4,343
158

3,542
199

5,191
1.168

4,096 ,-18.4
191 +25.9

-13.5
+4.2

47, 041
1,571

48, 650 +3.4
1,864 +18.7

5, 234
14,056

4,634
14,055

6 4, 385
6 10, 618

4,113
9, 923

4,062
10, 296

! 5, 327
10, 158

5,197
11,464

-1.2
+3.8

-21.8
-10.2

52, 089

49,464

5,115
98

5,993
91

6 6, 137
«109

4,624
117

3,708
119

5,245
121

4,138
108

-19.8
+1.7

— 10.4
+10.2

49, 490
1,004

49, 918 +0.9
1, 196, +19.1

40
133

39
129

632
6118

27
113

34
109

43
151

47
153

+25. 9
-3.5

-27.7
-28.8

446

349 -21.7

38
3

39
2

640
63

35
2

34
2

42
2

43
3

-2.9
0.0

-20.9
-33.3

416
37

365| -12.3
24: -35.1

4,409
1,199
1,948
1,262

4,260
1,188
1,864
1,208

5,085
1,349
2,419
1,317

5,507
1,120
3,063
1,324

778

4,966
780
3,179
1,007

5, 914
609
4,009
1,296

-30.5

+27.8

20,007

19,315

23,095

21,702

21, 451

21,932

7 178, 471

12,262
8,256
926
44, 581

13,785
6,337
794
44,243

14,942
8,025
1,098
43,960

13, 645
t 7,859
i-% 054
42, 958

9,207
9,199
875
49, 751

9,813
9,580
1,262
50, 111

7 91, 292
7 71, 044
7 7, 717

2,502

1,295

2,948

2,841

2,725

2,297

729,928

724,594 -17.8

2,185
522
17
3,843

1,272
163
70
2,895

2,548
517
78
3,319

2,185
693
47
3, 241

1,?03
893
29
5,501

1,655
958
328
5,212

7 17, 187
7 8, 342
7 1, 918

7 19, 531 +13.6
7 5, 474 -34.4
7481 -74.9

6,792
1,613
2,658
2,521
187
525

6,306
1,645
2,355
2,305
192
566

6,792
1,940
2,196
2,656
196
598

5,906
1,490
1,964
2,452
189
630

216
543

5,393
1,412
1,731
2,250
186
754

5,837
1,387
2,026
2,424
216
559

+14. 3
-13. 8

0.0
-2.9

7 52, 795
713,090
7 19, 772
7 19, 952
1,935
5,819

7 59, 201
7 14, 418
7 21, 928
7 22, 855
2,163
5,644

87, 530
98,444

89,871
60,921

96,281
37,906

93, 444
49,940

99, 588
76,194

92, 588
108, 156

106, 005
75, 482

+6.6
+52.6

-6.1
+0.9

1, 018, 344
709,038

854, 308 -16.1
599, 557 -15.4

49,910
5,636
24,259
9,361
6,849

47, 956
4,900
28, 137
7,692
4,405

51, 903
3,178
29, 132
8,893
7,336

48,489
4,886
28, 264
6,434
5,091

34, 448
2,707
18, 504
6,728
4,902

35, 982
4,310
17, 883
7,993
3,785

-6.6
+53.7
-3.0
-27.7
-30.6

+34.8
+13.4
+58.0
—19.5
+34.5

450,802
38,351
252, 260
78, 455
54, 632

422, 576 -6.3
39, 655 +3.4
211,331 -16.2
83,960 +7.0
56, 949 +4.2

248, 549
194,453
30,951
23, 145

253, 415
202, 564
28, 141
22, 710

253, 680
203, 304
27, 071
23, 305

249, 272
203, 227
24, 059
21, 986

253, 921
209,902
23, 118
20, 901

.181
.199

.188
.198

.196
.204

.186
.197

.246
.275

.219
.246

-5.1
-3.4

-15.1
-19.9

706
363
3,597
1,255

726
388
3,130
1,298

753
365
3,104
1,317

839
398
3,857
1,365

764
352
2,508
1,307

801
405
3,713
1,409

+11.4
+9.0
+24.3
+3.6

+4.7
-1.7
+3^9
-3.1

7,038
3,961
39,477
11,245

105
159
55

99
160
77

98
142
93

120
207
178

96
161
86

111
200
142

+22.4
+45.8
+91.4

+8.1
+3.5
+25.4

938
2,077
454

932 -0.6
1,897 -8.7
541 +19.2

1,176
23,965

1,300
25, 323

6 1, 178
23, 291

1,301

1,324
23,510

1,447
25, 711

+10.4

-10.1

13, 660
7220,902

12,054 -11.8
7 210, 191 -4.8

80,641
68,538
832
.51

80,587
66, 276
782
.52

81,574
61,974
539
.54

85, 990
72, 243
733
.65

83,388
75, 188
825 1
.63

+8.2
+1.9

-29.3
-12.7

8,346

8,842

+5.9

66,380

72, 092

'612,814

7615,071

+0.4

Hldes
Imports:
41,509
Total hides and skins
thous. of lbs_.
6,559
Calfskins
_ _ _
thous. of lbs__
17,450
Cattle hides
thous. of Ibs .
8,309
Goatskins
...
thous. of lbs_.
6,824
Sheepskins
thous. of lbs_.
Stocks, end of month:
250,025
Total
thous of Ibs
196, 202
Cattle hides
thous of Ibs
32, 525
Calf and kid skins
thous of Ibs
21, 298
Sheep and lamb skins
thous of Ibs
Prices:
Green, salted, packers' heavy
.168
native steers
dolls, per lb__
.186
Calfskins, country, No. 1
dolls, per Uninspected slaughter of livestock:
United States636
Cattle
thous. of animals
344
Calves
thous. of animals .
Swine . .. - .^thous. of animals,-,
3,756
1,108
Sheep
thous. of animals. _
Canada93
Cattle and calves thous. of animals..
161
Swine
thous. of animals..
Sheep
thous, of animals .
25
Leather
Sole and belting leather:
Production1,244
Sole only. .thous. of backs, bends, sides ..
24, 911
Sole and belting
thous of Ibs
Stocks, end of month—
79,153
In process of tanning
thous. of Ibs..
70, 616
Finished
thous of Ibs
758
Exports
.
thous. of sq. ft..
.49
Price oak, scoured backs.
dolls, per lb_.
Upper leather:
66,425
Production
thous. of sq. ft..
Stocks, end of month—
In process of tanning.. thous. of sq. ft— 135, 198
235,156
Finished
thous of sq ft
8,491
Exports
thous. oflbs—
.50
Chrome calf, "B" grades..dolls. per sq. ft..
•Revised.




PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

71, 323

82,954

70,054

141,207
230,871

147,678
216, 406
7,736
.49

147, 478
209,520
8,264
' .49

*%

583
.55

146, 010
143, 265
247,386 251,350
9,007
9,093
11, 174
+9.0
0.0
.49
.57
.55
»Cuinulative tl urough Sep t.30.

-19.4
-10.9

+0.1

-5.0

729,034
7 37, 929 +30.6
7,823
9,845 +25.8
^9,800
713,194 +34.6
712,020 . 7 15, 668 +30.3

114, 261

7177,096

-0.8

7 110, 075 +20.6
766,058 -7.0
7 9, 708 +25.8

6,935
3,834
38,864
11, 773

+12.1
+10.1
+10.9
+14.5
+11.8
-3.0

-1.5
-3.2
-1.6
+4.7

96,144 -15.9

31
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

June

September

August

July

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

Septem-

October

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

Per ct.

crease2
or de-I
crease

1928

1929

7 262, 607
3,573

i 273, 670

cumulative
1929 j
from j
1928

HIDES AND LEATIIEE-Continued
Leather Products
Shoes:
Production
thous of pairs
Exports
..
.
thous. of pairs..
Wholesale pricesMen's black calf
blucher, Mass
dolls, per pair..
Men's dress welt, tan
calf oxford, St. Louis -dolls, per pair..
Women's black kid, dress
welt, lace, oxford
dolls, per pair..
Gloves, cut
dozen pairs..

28,120
357

30,223
320

36,445
291

34,489
321

31,000
426

275

33, 393
340

+32.7 +25.3

6.75

6.75

6.75

6.75

6.75

6. 75

6.75

0.0

4.85

4.85

4.85

4.85

4.85

4.85

4.85

0.0

4.25
255, 711

4.25
292, 545

4.25
285, 094

4.25
318,041

4.25
213, 945

4.25
236, 907

0.0
+11.6

0.0
+34.2

142, 915
136, 669
185, 209
24, 014

122, 946
136, 695
171, 535
18, 724

111, 878
145, 432
137, 982
24, 731

102,202
135, 514
106,669
20, 666

27, 020

108, 166
122, 771
133, 006
21, 953

131, 558
146, 383
118, 182
23,884

225, 940
223, 016
36, 188
153, 956
2.53

221, 388
220, 714
35, 940
161, 185
2.60

237, 762
235, 310
37,354
142, 502
2.60

218,980
219, 842
35,796
134, 533
2.60

145, 878
2.60

201, 646
204, 378
42, 510
124, 048
2.53

228, 434
231, 800
40, 032
149, 112
2.53

113, 407
82
225, 055
192, 424

111, 578
81
229, 045
173, 375

120, 868
77
225, 873
172, 239

108, 155
80
227, 665
193, 045

251, 914

102, 821
74
186, 396
169, 625

122, 415
81
217, 290
189, 240

114, 558
233, 920
202, 398

112, 616
227, 502
210, 497

118, 789
224, 254
209, 901

107, 495
226, 623
196, 123

122, 040
252, 591
221, 010

107, 834
197, 532
164, 648

219, 895

199, 692

217, 638

201, 249

232, 441

24, 602
24, 199
161, 318
48, 716
3.25

23, 603
28, 993
191, 647
44, 781
3.25

25, 656
29, 785
205, 532
44, 676
3.25

26, 490
30, 742
190, 331
52, 535
3.25

26, 573
30, 064

695
125

501
131

819
177

739
57

thous of books
thous. of books..
___thous. of sets_.

12, 332
12, 445
58, 687

11, 476
13, 737
57, 225

12, 839
13, 631
54, 054

12, 977
12, 226
56, 428

Operation
thous of inch hours
Operation
per ct. of capacity
Production
short tons_.
New orders
_
short tons..
Shipments
short tons
Stocks, end of month
short tons
Stocks of waste paper, end of month:
On hand
short tons
In transit and unshipped purchases. -tons..
Unfilled orders, end of month
short tons
Consumption of waste paper
short tons

9,171
83.5
241, 028
231, 230
235, 865
62, 384

9,045
79.2
236, 377
240, 617
235, 863
63, 333

9,590
80.9
264, 365
257, 318
262, 889
61, 853

8,526
80.9
237, 759
246, 801
242,421
58,664

159, 005
56, 904
81, 880
234, 119

175, 306
64, 359
88, 275
215, 537

171, 360
61, 571
82,969
256, 560

174,526
89,280
87,304
230, 146

i
!
;

2,682 !

+4.2
+2.0

0.0

4.25
252, 703

3,645

0.0

2,149,070

2,«37,961 +2.27

PAPER AND PRINTING
Wood Pulp
Mechanical:
Production
short tons
Consumption and shipments short tons
Stocks end of month
short tons
Imports
short tons
Chemical:
Production
short tons
Consumption and shipments.. .short tons..
* Stocks end of month
short tons
Imports
short tons..
Price sulphite
dolls per 100 Ibs

71,193,456 71,231,941 +3.2
71,819,753 71,250,164 -31.3

+30.7 +13.1

204, 081

216, 054

+5.9

71,923,194 72,061,220
71,929,502 72,059,014

+8.4
0.0

+6^7
1,338,360 +12.7

-2.2
+2.8

1, 187, 183

+12.8

-0.3

1, 170, 017

1, 160, 252

+10.7

+15.9

1, 949, 853
1, 544, 974

2, 244, 518 +15.1
1, 674, 983 +8.4

121, 729
222, 430
200, 362

+13.5 +0.3
+11.5 +13.6
+12.7 +10.3

1, 153, 359
1, 950, 852
1, 745, 787

1, 170, 527 +1.5
2, 147, 763 +10.1
1, 969, 248 +12.8

170, 840

214, 228

+15.5

+8.5

1, 797, 238

2, 061, 321 +14.7

35, 687
43, 800
191, 287
48, 229
3.25

36, 380
37,018
188, 980
45, 289
3.25

+0.3
-2.2

835
261

933
160

7 5, 996
7 1, 335

7 6, 176 +3.0
7 1, 197 -10.3

11, 837
11, 976
50, 114

13, 958
14, 605
67, 957

124, 951
122, 406
488, 386

125, 864 +0.7
127,081 +3.8
605,363 +24.0

8,344
83.0
224,971
234, 449
228, 880
45,271

9,430
82.8
244, 894
241, 491
246, 233
43, 627

116, 197
53, 344
87, 097
217, 361

127, 989
73, 235
81, 022
240, 930

Newsprint Paper
Production:
United States, total
short tons..
Ratio to capacity
per cent
Canada
short tons
Consumption by publishers
short tons
Shipments:
United States
. . .short tons..
Canada
short tons..
Imports
_ .short tons..
Exports:
Canada
. . .short tons..
Stocks, end of month:
At mills—
United States
short tons
Canada
short tons
At publishers
short tons
In transit to publishers..short tons..
Price, roll f o b mill
dolls per 100 Ibs

122,009

3.25

0.0

-0.8

-27.0
-18.8
0.0

Printing
Book publication:
American manufacture
Imported
Sales books:
New orders
Shipments
Blank forms, new orders

no. of titles
no. of titles

13, 834
14, 147
75, 622

+6.6
+15.7
+34.0

-0.9
-3.1
+11.3

Box Board

!

775,632
71,962,076
7 2, 009, 361
71,989,817

782,827

+8.8

2,227,948 +11.8
2,202,301 +9.6
2,218,402 +11.5

71,852,272 72,214,431 +14.2

Other Paper
Binder's board, production
short tons
Book paper:
Production
short tons
Ratio to capacity
percent.
Shipments
short tons..
Stocks, end of month
short tons
New ordersCoated p. ct. of normal production..
Uncoated.p. ct. of normal production..
Unfilled orders, end of monthCoated p. ct. of normal production..
Uncoated.p. ct. of normal production..
Wrapping paper:
Production
_
short tonsRatio to capacity
per cent..
Shipments
short tons. _
Stocks, end of month
short tons..
7
Cumulative through Sept. 30.




3,092

2,828

3,443

2,903

129, 743
94
130, 132
74, 255

130, 768
91
130,245
74,998

138,614
93
136, 951
77,248

135,842
103
135,434
78,020

84
82

82
81

85
77

87
86

9
8

10
9

9
8

10
8

87, 191
85
86, 406
88,091

84,093
79
85,775
86,233

91,849
83
90,655
87,104

83,168
84
83,750
86,514

-7.6

+1.4

2,431

2,644

117,374
86
120, 895
82,403

132, 633
87
133, 429
81, 579

89
92

81
80

83
86

+2.3
+7.0

11
8!

10
7

10
8

+10.0
0.0

+10.0
0.0

83,582
84
86,173
91, 977

96,907
85
94,900
93, 416

-2.1

+7.2
+7.0

30, 750

30, 103

71,126,079 M, 201, 689

+6.7

71,118,919 71,207,524

+7.9

7844,042

7811,721

-3.8

7827,914

7813,878

-1.7

32
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, " Survey "

PEE CENT INCREASE (+) OR
1 DECREASE (— )

1938

1929

! Oct.,
June

August

July

September

October

Septem-

ber

October

1929
from
Sept.,
1929

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

1928

1929

! Per ctincrease
( }
or t
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

PAPER AND PRINTING— Continued
Other Paper— Continued
Fine paper:
Production
short tons
Ratio to capacity..
per cent..
Shipments
short tons
Stocks, end of month
short tons..
All other grades:
Production
short tons. .
Shipments
short tons
Stocks, end of month
. _ short tons
Total paper (inc. newsprint and box board):
Production
short tons
Ratio to capacity
_ percent .
Shipments
short tons
Stocks, end of month
short tons
Paper Board and Shipping Boxes
Production:
Total
thous. of sq. ft
Corrugated
_
thous. of sq. ft. _
Solid fiber ._
_.thous. of sq. ft._
Operating activity:
Total
per cent of normal..
Corrugated
per cent of normal..
Solid
fiber
per cent of normal..
fc
Abrasive paper and cloth:
Domestic shipments
.
reams _
Foreign shipments
reams. _
Rope paper sacks, shipments... index number..

7

38, 513
90
37, 897
50, 103

37, 624
85
36, 608
47, 583

38, 943
84
39, 644
46, 840

36, 166
88
34, 936

34, 885
80
34, 885
53, 361

100, 897
100, 098
59, 875

100, 503
101, 783
57, 592

105, 055
104, 638
58, 009

97, 715
97,209
58, 515

100, 138
102, 437
70, 140

112, 529
115, 563
61, 340

710, 779
704, 956
359, 310

700, 943
86
702, 890
353, 342

760, 144
83
753, 565
356, 710

699, 165
85
701,245
356, 261

663, 771
84
681, 104
378, 839

749, 058
83 i
751, 693
370, 130

506, 830
406, 908
99, 922

481, 762 e 558, 845 6 548, 131
384, 885 448, 920 434, 351
96, 877 e 109, 925 8 113, 780

574, 171
457,425
116, 746

434, 371
359, 553
74, 818

454, 662
374, 342
80, 320

+4.9
+5.3
+2.6
+2.2
+2.2
+4.9

39, 680
84 1
39, 839
53,788

346, 357

7362,091

+4.5

7 785, 626

7 765, 064

-2.6

7919,941
7914,718

7 930, 599
7922,911

+1.2
+0.9

76,276,097 77,359,013 +17.3
1

+26.3
+22.2
+45.4

76,244,965

4, 142,068
3, 329, 527
763, 882

7

6, 564, 329

+5.1

5, 108, 085 +23.3
4, 040, 315 +21.3
1, 067, 770 +39.8

85
87
77

80
82
74

89
91
82

89
91
82

91
93
86

79
78
80

88
89
83

90, 355
16, 696
96

88, 566
11, 400
85

100, 924
20, 564
101

99, 221
17, 819
95

91, 782
24,238
115

95, 131
18, 281
102

98, 576
20, 085
113

176
181
205.7
203
97.54

177
182
204.8
202
97.94

177
182
205.9
203
98.84

176
182
207.6
201
98.97

177
178
181
183
207.3
206.3
202 1 2 0 1
101.13
99.20

179
184
207.7
202
100. 67

+1.1
+0.5
-0.6
+0.5
+0.2

-0.6
-0.5
-0.7
0.0
-1.5

204
214
197
201

204
214
197
200

204
214
197
201

205
214
197
201

205
215
198
202

204
213
198
201

204
213
197
201

0.0
+0.5
+0 5
+0.5

+0.5
+0.9
+0 5
+0.5

13, 353
8,341
36, 227
6,349

12, 873
9,563
36, 161
6,525

13, 481
10, 148
28, 339
5,190

12, 612
7,585
24,354
4,914

12, 611
9,041
27, 478
5,461

11, 442
10, 348
38, 744
5,651

13, 194
9,705
48, 298
4,876

0.0
+19.2
+12.8
+11.1

-4.4
-6.8
-43.1
+12.0

126, 352
78, 928
471, 606
52, 200

133, 756 +5.9
86, 166 +9.2
334, 613 -29.0
51, 388 -1.6

5,195
70, 297

5,743
71, 320

5,896
63, 875

6,958
57, 152

7,255
62, 590

6,278
73, 146

6,477
82, 906

+4.3
+9.5

+12.0
-24.5

60, 143
794, 028

52,882 -12.1
666, 103 -16.1

78, 625
69, 621
185, 328
41, 745

88, 137
66, 318
194, 754
-46,333

68, 365
71, 820
142, 049
31, 149

71, 590
52, 090
114, 184
29, 034

63, 682
59, 507
131, 809
35, 970

58, 525
112, 925
196, 850
37, 088

63, 263
61, 170
234, 654
30, 746

-11.0
+14.2
+15.4
+23.9

+0.7
-2.7
-43.8
+17.0

717, 735
533, 522
2, 346, 352
332, 738

760, 241 +5.9
634, 824 +19.0
1, 650, 445 -29.7
325,909 -2.1

39, 324
117,426
532, 069
72, 420
231

49, 537
179, 897
624, 976
57, 941
218

42, 762
114, 766
470, 910
58, 622
239

49, 307
114, 146
430, 351
46, 959
259

54, 998
80, 206
426, 171
57, 084
233

51,317
115, 808
572, 513
45, 439
266

46, 820
146, 041
582, 693
44, 585
243

+11.5
-29.7
-1.0
+21.6
-10.0

+17.5
-45.1
-26.9
+2.8
-4.1

481, 539
1, 124, 857
5, 536, 742
424, 090

432, 732 -10.1
1, 065, 935 -5.2
4, 871, 380 -12.0
498, 728 +17.6

26, 631
3,079

31, 528
5,027

27,504
3,776

21, 422
2,040

29,072
3,777

17, 183
1,739

22, 414
1,795

+35.7 +29. 7
+85.1 +110. 4

249, 476
23, 971

273, 200 +9.5
30, 417 +45.0

+3.4
+4.5
+3.6 I

•

-7.5
-6.9 I
901, ieo
+36.0 +20.7
185, 145
+21.1 +1.8 1" """"

948, 404
202, 803

+5.2
+9.5

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND
HOUSING
Building Costs
Building materials:
Frame house, 6-rm. 1st of mo_.rel. to 1913..
Brick house, 6-rm. 1st of mo.._rel. to 1913..
Bldg. cost, 1st of mo
rel. to 1913..
Bldg. cost (A. O. C.), 1st of mo
rel. to 1913..
Plumbing fixtures, 6 pieces
dollars
Construction costs (Am. Appraisal):
Frame
rel. to 1913..
Brick, wood frame
rel. to 1913..
Brick steel frame
rel to 1913
Reinforced concrete
rel. to 1913..
Contracts and Losses
Contracts awarded (36 States):
Commercial buildings
thous. of sq. ft._
Industrial buildings _ _
thous. of sq. ft__
Residential buildings
thous. of sq. ft__
Educational buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
Other public and semipublic buildings
thous. of sq. ft._
Grand total
thous. of sq. ft._
Contracts awarded, value (36 States):
Commercial buildings
thous. of dolls_.
Industrial buildings
thous. of dolls _ _
Residential buildings
_ _ _ thous . of dolls . _
Educational buildings
thous. of dolls_.
Other public and semipublic buildings
thous. of dolls
Public works and utilities. -thous. of dolls. _
Grand total
thous. of dolls..
Contracts awarded, Canada
thous. of dolls..
Building volume (A. O. C)
rel. to 1913
Fire losses:
United States and Canada,
(Journal of Commerce)
thous. of dolls..
Canada (Monetary Times}.. thous. of dolls. .

LUMBER PRODUCTS
Softwood Lumber
Southern pine:
386, 671 427, 623
Production (computed)...
M ft. b. m._
369,971
393,932 400, 274 359,757 384, 227
+6.8 -10. 1 4, 216, 208 3, 922, 648 -7.0
82
88
90
83
-1.2
Operation
per cent of full time
83
81
83
-8.9
423, 218 464, 558
370, 310 377, 571 384, 203 347, 704 375, 228
+7.9 -19. 2| 4, 469, 377 3, 862, 580 -13.6
Shipments (computed)
..M ft. b. m__
434, 884 444, 566
New orders (computed)
M ft. b. m _ _
343, 106 379, 217 378, 878 344, 703 368, 296
+6.8 -17.2 4, 486, 463 3, 855, 600 -14.1
991, 781 954, 846
Stocks, end of mo. (computed) .M ft. b. m._ 985, 538 1, 001, 899 1, 017, 970 1, 030, 023 1, 039, 022
+0.9
+8.8!
340, 875 320, 883
Unfilled orders, end mo. (comp.)M ft. b. m_. 293, 147 294, 793 289, 468 286, 467 279, 535
-2.4 -12.9!
40, 837
51, 811
75,504 +20.2 -31.4
584, 911
Exports, lumber
.
M ft. b. m
59, 263
52, 630
43, 087
568, 363 -2.8
57, 275
14, 897
14,104 -23.9 -19. 8
14, 874
11, 315
146, 756
9,311
17, 474
9,300
106, 599 -27.4
Exports timber
M ft. b m
37.73
39.50
37.73
36.76
Price,
flooring
dolls, per M ft. b. m
37.04
37.43
37.27
+7.5
+4.7
Douglas fir:
296, 343 337, 527
Production
M ft. b. m
334, 841 302, 162 353, 642 315, 592
73,988,096 72,981,336 -25.2
315, 144
301, 267
371, 995 319, 621 333, 498 293, 209
Shipments (computed)
M ft. b. m
74,307,944 73,137,392 -27.2
322, 754 302, 610
354, 537
306, 639 327, 678 293, 209
New orders
M ft. b. m
7 4, 377, 996 7 3, 088, 322 -29.5
293, 657 297, 686
245, 311 299, 924
Unfilled orders
M ft. b. m
278, 437 328, 574
64,265
72, 811
64,085
80,888
65, 795 +26.2 +22.9
83, 966
98, 179
647, 605
779, 895 +20.4
Exports, lumber
M ft. b. m
44, 264
38,493
50,558
39, 330 +31.3 +28.5;
43, 932
466, 687
469, 594 +0.6
Exports, timber
M ft. b. m
51, 571
48, 303
17.32
17.82
18.36
18.06
18.74
Price, No. 1 common.dolls. per M ft. b. m..
18.77
18.57
-2.9
-1.3
Price,flooring,1 x 4, " B "
42.79
42.42
38.85
42.73
42.96
and better. V. G...dolls. per M ft. b. m._
42.69
40.61
-0.9
+4.5

«Revised.
7 Cumulative through Sept. 30.



33

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

June

July

August

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

September

October

September

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1938

1939

Per ct.

increase
(
or-y
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

LUMBER PRODUCTS— Continued
Softwood Lumber— Continued
California redwood:
Production (computed).
_M ft. b. m__
Shipments (computed)
M ft. b. m._
New orders (computed)
M ft. b. m__
Unfilled orders, end of month
(computed)
- M ft. b. m
California white pine:
Production
M ft b m
Shipments
M ft. b. m...
Stocks end of month
TVT ft b \n
New orders
M ft. b. m._
Unfilled orders, end of month_.M ft. b. m._
North Carolina pine:
Production (computed)
M ft. b. m.Shipments (computed)
M ft. b. m_.
Northern pine:
LumberProduction.
M ft. b. m__
Shipments
M ft b m
New orders
M ft. b. m__
LathProduction..
M ft. b. m__
Shipments
_ M ft. b. m
Northern hemlock:
Production
__
_ _ M f t . b. m _
Shipments
M ft. b. m._

37, 866
41, 507
38, 776

28, 435
28, 672
35, 657

44, 923
48, 648
44, 930

35,291
37, 363
34,086

36, 745
36, 064
33, 080

34,329
33, 107
33, 519

27, 851
32, 744
33, 115

+4.1 +31.9
-3.5 +10.1
-3.0 -0.1

383, 428
377, 614
383, 601

376, 781
381, 562
394, 690

-1.7
+1.0
+2.9

1, 043, 799
1, 029, 727

1, 009, 720
997, 507

-3.3
-3.1

901, 105

925, 301

+2.7
+12.9
+5.7

40, 257

47, 235

44, 590

41, 837

37, 097

47, 916

40, 350

-11.3

-8.1

118, 422
98, 779
463, 175
105, 832
156, 475

120, 968
97, 302
486, 416
88, 208
150, 643

126, 934
102, 334
516, 220
95, 986
162, 494

94, 983
93, 900
523, 772
80, 250
153, 701

131, 790
88, 363
567, 326
71, 398
172, 154

122, 708
105, 246
538, 136
86, 716
188, 747

126, 086
119, 074
552, 422
100, 760
183, 493

38.8
-5.9
+8.3
-11.0
+12.0

+4.5
-25.8
+2.7
-29.1
-6.2

53, 270
59, 080

47, 831
50, 946

48, 993
48, 230

48, 132
45, 605

45,878
47,264

37, 457
39, 900

48, 090
51, 590

-4.7
+3.6

-4.6
-8.4

489,412
511,839

552,447
540,974

50, 537
44, 197
37, 142

50,733
44, 825
40, 012

49, 846
43, 764
42, 485

41, 822
37, 054
30,291

38, 422
43, 737
35, 578

51, 618
44, 618
44,209

55, 031
51, 378
41, 109

-8.3
+18.0
+17.5

-30.2
-14.9
-13.5

451, 017
425, 869
395, 520

398, 340 -11.7
410, 789 -3.5
371, 858 -6.0

6,818
10, 256

8,822
10, 083

8,442
9,258

6,268
6,509

5,739
6,892

12, 419
8,897

11, 777
8,937

-8.4
+5.9

-51.3
-22.9

96, 031
85, 563

64,428
80, 086

-32.9
-6.4

13, 527
16, 262

15, 359
18, 614

14, 908
16, 020

17, 079
12, 859

11, 943
12, 378

15, 315
19, 951

16, 425
21,042

-30.1 -27.3
-3.7 -41.2

166, 712
171, 740

148, 971
135, 694

-10.6
-21.0

3,839
3,570
12, 640
2,627
6,474

4,608
3,607
14, 303
3,266
6,892

4,649
3,289
15, 347
3,398
7,000

5,284
4,017
15, 817
3,313
6,562

2,749
3,299
12, 625
2,635
4,741

2,857
3,419
12,249
4,174
5,483

+13.7
+22.1
+3.1
-2.5
-6.3

+84.9
+17.5
+29.1
-20.6
+19.7

29, 251
29,848

39, 891 +36.4
36, 530 +22.4

30, 170

35,500

+17.7

2,951

3,667

3,367

4,158

2,274

2,702

+23.5 +53.9

24,809

31,007

+25.0

3,217
2,773

3,358
2,441

3,724
2,148

3,996
2,265

2,643
2,684

2,606
2,636

+7.3 +53.3
+5.4 -14.1

25,309

30, 543 +20.7

6,179
5,875
26, 121

2,595
4,094
17, 880

2,929
6,851
24, 606

4,915
6,467
20, 915

4,411
6,137
19, 434

24,961
24,413

22, 459
27, 469

17, 195
24,275

14, 643
22,604

16, 624
25, 086

16, 727
31, 473

-14.8
-6.9

-12.5
-28.2

465
318
147

469
325
144

482
328
154

482
339
143

529
396
133

532
398
134

0.0
+3.4
-7.1

-9.4
-14.8
+6.7

955
785
169

982
802
181

1,004
808
195

1,022
823
199

954
775
161

918
746
171

+1.8 +11.3
+1.9 +10.3
+2.1 +16.4

311
278
278
2,731
2,088
643
231, 516

334
296
300
2,772
2,122
645
181, 897

334
311
323
2,848
2,239
678
163, 427

296
278
281
2,887
2,227
660
194, 083

270
293
293
2,731
2,164
566
170, 457

285
315
323
2,722
2,132
589
204, 979

-11.4
-10.6
-3.0
+1.4
-0.5
-2.7
+18.8

+3.9
-11.7
-13.0
+6.1
+4.5
+12.1
-5.3

5,418
6,420
20, 964
3,822
10, 600

6,450
7,883
21, 913
6,159
10, 431

6,918
8,435
20, 480
6,927
8,881

7,334
7,239
20, 827
4,750
7,641

7,813
6,896
22, 421
4,297
7,095

7,675
7,929
22, 554
7,110
10, 106

8,204
8,543
21, 352
7, 230
7,940

+6.5
-4.7
+7.7
-9.5
-7.1

36, 722
39, 979
72, 147
34, 479
50, 832

37, 638
37, 002
70, 435
25, 901
43, 895

36, 382
37, 631
70, 198
30, 972
35, 937

33, 055
31, 464
72, 141
37, 388
40, 417

35, 813
29, 704
76, 342
19, 743
30, 887

45, 926
45, 020
68, 456
43, 141
47, 099

51, 225
45, 652
72, 689
38, 132
41, 151

322, 987
258, 041
282, 150
261, 271
477, 349

302, 452
340, 978
217, 547
204, 745
315, 566

177, 332
177, 111
206, 382
164, 355
254, 210

216, 004
193, 576
228, 810
225, 779
284, 191

200, 107
209, 259
145, 596
194, 782
171,315

273, 056
305, 555
238, 399
237, 769
300, 106

372, 158
362, 004
243. 946
285, 147
215, 872

47, 831
36. 232

53, 748
64. 573

70, 482
77. 568

75, 319
84. 138

82,440
62.355

65, 010
58. 576

70, 030
50, 266

Hardwood Lumber
Walnut lumber:
4,532
Production...
M ft. b. m»_
3,699
Shipments
M ft b m
12, 960
Stocks, end of month
M ft. b. m
3,625
New orders __ _ _
_ M ft. b. m .
7,636
Unfilled orders, end of month__M ft. b. m__
Walnut logs:
3,711
Purchased
_M ft. log measure..
Made into lumber and
3,241
veneer
M ft. log measure. .
2,253
Stocks, end of month__.M ft. log measure-Lower Michigan hardwoods:
Production
TVf ft. b, m
4,882
4,672
Shipments
M ft b m
24, 364
Stocks, end of month
M ft. b. m
Northern hardwoods:
31, 348
Production
M f t b. m
24, 444
Shipments.
M ft. b. m._
Gum:
475
Stocks, total, end of month.. mill. ft. b. m__
325
Stocks, unsold, end of month.mill. ft. b. m__
150
Unfilled orders, end of month.mill. ft. b. m..
Oak:
923
Stocks, total, end of month. .mill. ft. b. m._
747
Stocks, unsold, end of month.mill. ft. b. m_.
176
Unfilled orders, end of month.mill. ft. b. m...
All hardwoods:
300
Production
mill ft b m
285
Shipments
mill. ft. b. m_.
277
New orders
mill. ft. b. m._
2,681
Stocks, total, end month
mill. ft. b. m__
2,031
Stocks, unsold, end month.. .mill. ft. b. m_.
657
Unfilled orders, end month,. mill. ft. b. m_.
211, 952
Exports planks joists etc
M ft b m

-30.0
-20.8

7 66, 960
7 63, 342

7 46, 859
7 50, 184

324, 748
302, 409

296, 397 -8.7
265, 991 -12.0

2,653
2,735
2,818

3,132 +18.1
3,024 +10.6
3,080 +9.3

1, 931, 582

2, 023, 742

+4.8

-4.8
-19.3
+5.0
-40.6
-10.6

76, 812
81, 110

66,904
68, 612

-12.9
-15.4

77, 841

61, 827

-20.6

+8.3
-5.6
+5.8
-47.2
-23.6

-30.1
-34.9
+5.0
-48.2
-24.9

446, 888
463, 111

352, 107
360, 627

-21.2
-22.1

460, 777

336, 775 -26.0

— 7. 4
+8.1
-36.4
— 13 7
-39.7

-46.2
—42.2
-40.3
-31.7
-20.6 |

524,965

617, 364 +17.6

Flooring

Maple flooring:
Production
M ft. b. m__
Shipments
M ft b m
Stocks, end of month
M ft. b. m
New orders
M ft. b. m._
Unfilled orders, end of month. _M ft. b. m_.
Oak flooring:
Production
M ft. b. m..
Shipments
M ft. b. m._
Stocks end of month
M ft b m
New orders
M ft. b. m..
Unfilled orders, end of month.. M ft. b. m..
Doors at Wholesale
Fir, manufacturing plants:
Production
__
Shipments
Stocks, end of month
New orders
Unfilled orders, end of month

number
number
number
number
number. _

Wooden Furniture
Household furniture and case goods:
Shipments
dolls., average per firm..
Unfilled orders
dolls., average Der firm..
?
Cumulative through Sept. 30.




+9.5 +17.7
+25.9 +24.1

34

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

July

June

PER CENT IN- 1
CREASE (+) OR i
DECREASE (— )

1938

August

Septem- October

September

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1928

1929

Per ct
increase
( }
or"t
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

LUMBER PRODUCTS— Continued
Wooden Furniture— Continued
Grand Rapids district:
Unfilled orders, end
of month
No. of days' production...
Shipments
No. of days' production __
New orders
No. of days' production..
Outstanding accounts,
end of month
No. of days' sales. _
Cancellations
per cent of new orders. .
Plant operation
.per cent of full time..

58
22
20

68
24
36

64
30
30

58
32
31

45
35
29

49
30
31

44
11.0
88.0

46
5.0
90.0

53
5.0
97.0

58
6.0
101.0

61
23.0
104.0

65
9.0
101.0

13, 169
12, 778
10, 525

15, 567
14, 113
12, 149

12, 713
12, 661
7,863

11, 625
11, 698
10, 377

9,292
7,517
7,134

9,426
9,257
10, 245

13, 079
12, 003
12, 654

14, 120

12, 308

8,691

5,971

4,850

7,715

6,628

-18.8

-26. 8

5,702

7,158

7,201

7,415

9,190

7,309

7,704

+23.9

+19. 3;

6,135
4,234

10, 159
4,533

5,103
5,608

7,198
5,309

8,167
6,070

3,381
3, 177

4,411
4,235

+13. 5
+14.3

+85. 2!
+43. 3;

9,724

14, 934

13, 123

14, 691

10, 748

5,469

5,817

-26.8

+84. 8

169
181

272
260

174
122

223
287

251
306

244
199

337
255

+12.6
+6.6

+20. o;

202, 426
200, 814
665, 881

232, 860
232.154
674, 339

264, 212
360, 050
584, 410

190, 939
314, 804
461, 717

225,014
257,904
428, 789

177, 982
285, 813
409, 110

156, 521
156, 407
420, 671

308, 257
154, 185
154, 021
163, 126
50
11.00

290, 044
95, 756
118, 834
148, 289
17
10.13

290, 265
110, 904
130, 982
109, 564
56
10.13

217, 451
224. 530
93, 677
110, 215
26
10.50

9.50

498, 691
257, 692
167, 078
213, 174
21
12.50

454, 931
91, 226
122, 078
145, 427
49
12.50

-9.5

-24.0

9,669
10, 807
31, 234
45, 848

12, 153
11, 845
30, 088
37, 947

12, 168
13, 873
26, 911
40, 343

9,524
9,569
26, 115
39, 708

8,548
8,269
25, 376
40, 682

9,939
16, 525
54, 583
50, 953

22, 665
17, 018
50, 558
50, 956

-10.2
-13.6
-2.8
+2.5

-62. 3j
-51.4!
-49. 8j
-20. 2|

196, 707
246, 071
438, 715
591, 633

244, 351
271, 411
411, 655
582, 314

242, 596
268, 639
385, 632
559, 418

195, 931
237, 788
343, 775
566, 776

242, 879
217, 108
369, 546
602, 352

180, 758
215, 284
318, 508
510, 864

222, 190
236, 781
303, 917
531, 119

6,247
6,424
2,412
18, 092

6,244
6,459
2,505
18, 301

6,390
6,813
2,690
17, 929

5,629
5,469
2,180
18, 311

6,621
6,755
2,572
12, 253

7,636
7,239
2,730
12, 627

10, 798
1,178

11, 756
1,183

8,606
940

7,784
817

6,566
716

10, 570
1,005

15, 597
1,460

-15.6
-12.4

17, 578
5,412
13, 757
10, 447
14, 968

16, 061
4,263
12, 266
8,854
14, 739

16, 838
4,684
11, 615
9,714
9,925

6 14, 121
3,960
e 10, 951
6 9, 326
e 13, 286

11, 024
2,602 '
7,055 i
7,857
7,020

17, 267
6,767
11, 281
15, 304
14, 455

21, 590
5,562
15, 802
14, 446
13, 435

16, 803
80:9
18, 949
27,457
13, 586
1,650

17,281
80.4
20, 295
24, 525
11, 619
1.650

18, 585
86.1
23, 652
20, 056
8,989
1.604

17, 223
81.8
19, 950
e 17, 325
« 6, 985
1.500

16, 731
77.0 ;
18, 695
15, 361
5,914
1.493

17,884

20,400
16, 799
7,566
1.650

17,533
87. 1
19, 836
14,579
5,944
1.650

16, 421
10, 410

18, 022
11, 344

11, 969
7,010

10, 220
5,945

13, 151
9,157 i

14, 752
9, 630

15, 552
520
8,359

16, 445
693
8,494

9,729
442
8,724

22, 469
830
8,584

27, 504 !
996 i
8,322 j

thous. of sq. ft..
12,278
«Revised.

13,057

14, 722

14, Oil

14,621 1

38
37
31

-22.4
+9.4
-6.5

+18.4
-5.4
-6.5

65
+5.2 -6.2
10.0 +283. 3 +130. 0
103.0
+3.0 +1. 0

Plywood and Veneer
Douglas-fir plywood:
Production
thous. of sq. ft. of surface..
Shipments
thous. of sq. ft. of surface..
New orders (sales) .thous. of sq. ft. of surface..
Unfilled orders,
end of month. thous. of sq. ft. of surface. .
Stocks, end of
month. __
thous. of sq.ft. of surface-Other plywood:
New orders
thous. of sq. ft. of surface..
Shipments
thous. of sq. ft. of surface..
Unfilled orders,
end of month. thous. of sq. ft. of surface..
Rotary-cut veneer:
Receipts
number of carloads. .
Purchases
number of carloads. .
Bushel baskets:
Production
dozens
ShiDments
dozens
Stocks, end of month
dozens. .

-20.1
-35.7
-31.3

29.0
-37.4
-43. 6

-25.5

+17.8 +43.8
+64.9
-18.1
-7.1 +1.9

31. 616
29, 463

62, 277s +97.0
46, 167 +56.7

1,791
2,106

2,074 +15.8
2,447 +16.2

1,976,227 2,042,620
2,048,030 2,002,655

+3.4
-2.2

STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS
Common brick:
Stocks, end of monthBurned
thousands..
Unburned
thousands..
Shipments
thousands..
Unfilled orders, end of month.. thousands. .
Plants closed down
_ .number..
Price, red, New York
dolls, per thous..
Porcelain plumbing fixtures:
Net new orders
pieces. _
Shipments
pieces..
Unfilled orders, end of month
pieces ..
Stocks,finishedglost, end month.. .pieces. .
Vitreous china plumbing fixtures:
New orders
pieces. _
Shipments
pieces..
Unfilled orders, end of month
pieces. .
Stocks, end of month
pieces..
Floor and wall tile:
Production
thous. of sq. ft..
Shipments, quantity
thous. of sq. ft..
Shipments, value
thous. of dolls. .
Stocks, end of month
thous. of sq. ft..
Terra cotta, new orders:
Quantity
net tons..
Value
thous. of dolls. _
Sand-lime brick:
Production
thousands
Shipments by rail
thousands ..
Shipments by truck
thousands ..
Stocks, end of month
thousands..
Unfilled orders, end of month.. thousands..

7 1, 792, 189 7 1, 170, 773: -34.7

+24.0 +9.3
-8.7 -8.3
+7.5 +21.6
+6.3 +13.4

232, 498
165, 806

113, 874 -51.0
106, 893 -35.5

2, 626, 329 2, 498, 199
2, 644, 536 2, 518, 279
7

-4.9
-4.8

7 51, 798
7 52, 578
7 19, 995

54, 847
7 51, 551
7 20, 014

-57.9
-51.0

129, 304
12, 240

103, 119 -20.3
11, 251 -8.1

-21.9
-34.3
-35.6
-15.8
-47.2

-48.9
-53.2
-55.4
-45.6
-47.7

170, 772
57, 325
116, 537

134, 159 -21.4
39, 512 -31. 1
103, 977 -10.8

-2.9
-5.9
-6.3
-11.3
-15.3
-0.5

-4.6
-11.6
-5.8
+5.4
-0.5
-9.5

148, 711

144, 896

-2.6

156, 120

152, 240

-2.5

7,068
3,856

+28.7 +86.1
+54.0 +137. 5

131, 568
83, 153

126, 843
84, 303

-3.6
+1.4

26, 105
1, 169
9, 427

13, 413
598
9,337

+22.4 +105. 1
+20.0 +66.6
-3.1 -10.9

132, 926
5,707

143, 233 +7.8
5,108 -10.5

10,897

11, 140

108, 423

129, 879 +19.8

+5.9
-2.0
+0.1

Portland Cement
Production
thous of bbls
Operation __
per ct. of capacity..
Shipments
thous. of bbls
Stocks, end of month
thous. of bbls. .
Stocks, clinker, end of month ..thous. of bbls
Wholesale prices, composite
dolls, per bbl..

91.7

Highways
Concrete pavements, new contracts:
Total.
_
thous. of sq. yds..
Roads
thous. of sq. yds..
Federal-aid highways:
Completed—
Cost
thous. of dolls
Distance
miles
Under construction, end of month . miles ._
Plate Glass
Production, polished




+4.4

7 CUEaulative through Sep t. 30.

+31. 2

35
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
PER CENT IN-

1929

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, " Survey "

1928

! CREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

July

June

August

September

September

October

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1928

1929

Per ct.
increase
( }
or t
decrease
(-)
cumu
lative
1929
from
1928

STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS— Continued
Glass Containers
Actual production:
Quantity
thous. of gross..
Relation to capacity
per cent
New orders
thous. of gross
Shipments
_ .thous. of gross ._
Unfilled orders, end of month thous. of gross
Stocks end of month
thous of gross
Illuminating Glassware
Production:
Total
number of turns
Ratio of capacity
per ct of capacity
New orders
per ct. of capacity..
Shipments
per ct of capacity
Unfilled orders, end
of month
number of weeks' supply
Stocks, end of month. number of weeks' supply_.
CHEMICALS AND OILS
Chemicals
Sulphuric acid:
Exports
thous. of lbs._
Price wholesale
dolls per 100 Ibs
Nitrate of soda:
Imports
-long tons
Production in ChileQuantity
metric tons__
Potash salts:
Imports
long tons..
Production in France—
(K20 content)
metric tons
Sales in Germany—
(K2O content)
metric tons..
Superphosphate (acid phosphate) :
Production
short tons
Stocks end of month
short tons
Shipments
.short tons..
Fertilizer:
Exports
long tons
Consumption, Southern States-short tons..
Dyes and dyestuffs, exports:
Vegetable
..
thous. of Ibs. .
Coal tar
thous. of Ibs
Arsenic
Crude:
Production
short tons
Stocks end of month
short tons
Refined:
Production
short tons
Stocks end of month
short tons
Price index numbers:
Crude drugs
rel to Aug 1914
Essential oils
rel. to Aug , 1914
Drugs and
Pharmaceuticals
rel. to Aug , 1914
Chemicals
rel. to 1913-14
Oils and fats
rel. to 1913-14
Wood Chemicals
Acetate of lime:
Production—
United States
thous. of Ibs
Canada
thous of Ibs
ShipmentsUnited States
-.thous. of Ibs..
Canada
...thous. of lbs__
Stocks, end of month—
United States
thous. of Ibs
Canada
thous. of Ibs
Exports
thous. of Ibs
Price, wholesale
dolls, per cwt
Methanol, crude:
ProductionUnited States
_
gallons. .
Canada
gallons..
Stocks at crude plants, end of monthUnited States. -.
-.
gallons..
Canada
gallons
Stocks at refineries and in transitUnited States
gallons
Canada
gallons. _
Exports
gallons..
Wood at chemical plants:
ConsumptionUnited States
...cords-.
Canada..
cords. _
Stocks, end of monthUnited States
cords..
Canada
cords.Daily capacityTotal
cords _
Shutdown
cords..
«Revised.




2,561
81.5
2,023
2,679
9,278
6,500

2,396
73.3
2,224
2,507
8,824
6,388

2,715
77.5
1,922
2,656
8,079
6,447

2,246
74.5
2,942
2,700
8,072
5,994

2,572
75.6
2,996
2, 445
8,320
6,121

2,322
78.7
2,122
2,433
8,084
6,173

2,389
71.6
2,721
2,261
8, 415
6,302

+14.5
+1.5
+1.8
9.4
+3.1
+2.1

+7.7
+5.6
+10.1
M-8.1
-1.1
-2.9

24, 331

24, 894

+2.3

23, 768
24, 148

25, 547
25, 294

+7.5
+4.7

3,239
46.3
44.6
45.1

1,818
18.7
40.1
35.3

2,819
36.4
42.9
43.8

3,225
45.3
46.8
49.6

4,265
50.2
52.9
51.1

3,190
43.0
44.2
43.0

4,193
50.5
53.2
51.9

+32.2
+10.8
+13.0
+3.0

+1.7
-0.6
-0.6
-1.5

30, 850

32, 715

+6.0

1.6
6.0

1.5
5.4

1.4
4.7

1.4
4.6

1.5
4.6

1.7
4.3

1.7
4.1

+7.1
0.0

-11.8
+12.2

693, 027
.78

506, 758
.78

641, 492
.78

516, 264
.78

544, 462
.78

581, 760
.78

441, 867
.78

+5.5
0.0

+23. 2!
o.o;

6, 046, 230

5, 585, 050

-7.6

896, 943

821, 842

-8.4

2, 584, 000

2, 614, 100

+1.2

310, 652

305, 695

64, 733

40, 501

51, 684

31, 539

54,821

36,644

43, 385

+73.8

+26.4

252, 600

272, 300

270, 300

253, 200

207, 800

259, 400

282, 300

-17.9

-26.4

51, 757

43, 313

28,242

+29.1

+83. 3

35, 200

40, 000

140, 818

76, 507

-35.9

+3.5

1, 231, 607

1, 212, 235

-1.6

302, 434
305, 808
344, 460 250, 289 348,793
251, 190 343, 213
967, 766 1, 206, 174 1, 393, 654 «1,292,970 1, 507, 878 1, 347, 735 1,546,290
154,012
55, 459
62, 956
86, 251 162, 587
149, 002
89,767

+39.4
+16.6
-5.3

+1.6
-2.5
+71.6

3, 141, 077

3,075,178

-2.1

1, 746, 089

1, 821, 750

+4.3

-16.3
-41.9

+50.5
-29.1

1, 050, 207
5, 375, 115

1, 278, 305 +21.7
5, 289, 483 -1.6

-41.5
-53.8

9,895

37, 126

45, 505

40,088

39, 700

41, 000

42, 500

39,900

97, 723

89, 190

95, 372

123, 465

i

79, 159

-1.6

140, 090
99, 407

123, 515
20, 047

112, 346
45, 517

155, 103
174, 347

129, 849
101, 295

264
21

126
3,180

191
13

422
39

247
18

157
1,330

231
5,194

+6.9

2,612
27, 909

2,049 -21.6
5,716

2,452
2,161

1,444
1,998

887
1,876

1,027
1,777

3,113
3,309

1,079
2,978

1,238 +203.1 +151.5
3,024 +86.2 +9.4

13,648

15, 898 +16.5

917
3,709

812
3,305

857
3,414

868
3,180

1,036
3,672

799
1,971

835
2,344

+19.4
+15.5

7,462

8,863 +18.8

184
190

183
191

179
188

180
168

180
161

193
158

195
155

0.0
-4.2

-7.7
+3.9

163
113
116

173
113
117

177
112
123

177
112
129

177
112
136

164
113
121

164
113
124

0.0
0.0
+5.4

+7.9
-0.9
+9.7

11, 935
677

10, 658
720

11, 025
715

10, 154
421

12, 479
367

8,605
446

10, 526
999

+22.9
-12.8

+18.6
-63.3

107, 516
7,608

116, 817
8,186

11, 772
676

11, 072
716

10, 862
821

10, 162
349

12, 142
301

13, 355
348

10, 407
990

+19.5
-13.8

+16.7
-69.6

120, 551
9,351

115, 688 -4.0
8,106 -13.3

1,755
102

1,259
73

1,241
147

1,679
201

4.50

4.50

2,863
349
36
4.00

-41.4
-42.4

4.50

3,134
183
449
4.00

+35.3
+36.7

4.50

1,206
179
120
4.50

0.0

+12.5

676, 193
28,291

633, 731
28,688

656, 414
25, 950

598, 548
17, 581

716, 789
16,904

495, 555
18, 816

641, 823
45, 768

+19.8
-3.9

+11.7
-63.1

6, 062, 626
311, 753

6, 883, 156 +13.5
342, 506 +9.9

227, 513
11, 533

252, 749
21, 863

244,185
20, 092

256, 356
17, 061

251, 704
12,924

229, 683
13, 665

314, 171
34, 399

-1.8
-24.2

-19.9
-62.4

277, 376
66, 870
16, 613

475, 698
78, 120
95, 755

526, 172
63, 702
33, 849

514, 572
65, 505
49, 948

521, 967
47,479
12,329

164, 972
67, 314
32,540

161, 723
57, 814
20, 408

+1.4 +222. 8
-27. 5 -17.9
-75.3 -39.6

463, 762

419, 836

72, 217
3,509

68, 428
3,587

70, 454
3,228

63,460
2,041

75, 508
1,954

49, 444
2,160

65, 182
5,366

+19.0
-4.3

+15.8
-63.6

613, 516
38, 447

720, 407 +17.4
42, 137 +9.6

530, 111
72, 586

530, 264
72, 126

565, 119 6 552, 338
72, 026
72,040

527, 210
71, 530

514, 204
73, 759

550, 412
73, 119

-4.5
-0.7

-4.2
-2.2

3,326
361

3,276
468

3,246
289

3,486
1,083

3,486
668

-0.6
-45.0

-6.9
-56.7

3,264
475

3,264
525

99, 149
86, 289
131, 120 6 142, 828

+24.1
+50.7

+8.7
+7.6

-9.5

36

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

Per ct,
increase
(

-p

or de-

June

July

August

September

October

Septem- October
ber

Oct.,
1929

from
Sept.,
1929

crease

Oct.,
1929

from

Oct.,
1928

(-)

1938

1929

cumulative
1929

from
1928

CHEMICALS AND OILS— Continued
Wood Chemicals— Continued
Methanol, refined:
ProductionUnited States
Canada
Stocks, end of monthUnited States
Canada
ShipmentsUnited States...
Canada
Price, wholesale, N. Y

_. .gallons..
gallons..

423, 811

gallons..
...gallons..

759, 740
51, 787

gallons. _
gallonsdolls, per gal..

Ethyl Alcohol
Production.
thous. of gals..
Withdrawn for denaturization.. .thous. of gals..
Warehouse stocks, end of month. thous. of gals..

259, 118

43,700

432, 094
27, 800

445, 183
56, 300

355, 353

487, 384

454, 160

712, 752
31, 185

783, 674
37, 761

729, 932
21, 888

725, 620
14, 238

300, 478
33, 101

325, 914

-0.6 +122. 6
-35.0 -39.0

449, 245
11, 650
.58

365, 438
21, 403
.58

487, 153
22, 188
.58

598, 551
31, 902
.58

558, 179
48, 532
.58

415, 340
25, 396
.48

493, 712
48, 330
.51

-6.7
+52.1
0.0

12, 545
12, 909
11, 860

16, 871
15, 982
11, 166

20, 026
18, 688

20, 739
19, 199
11, 617

25,426

11,489

18, 613
15, 269
11, 295

20, 685
20, 718

9,907

34, 383
35, 032
34, 202
17, 225

35, 756
36, 811
35, 499
16, 964

40, 584
39, 163
39, 580
17, 529

42, 019
42, 299
40, 141
16, 895

42, 108
40, 246

17, 811

35, 310
37, 465
33, 611
16, 274

48, 658
57, 728
.52

54, 872
65, 570
.52

49, 436
63, 151
.52

42, 127
65, 770
. 55

33, 356
67, 038
.56

154, 168
123, 505
7.88

181, 433
169, 420
8.51

172, 670
205, 955
8.51

140, 212
233, 215
9.01

120, 886
244, 767
9.27

36, 123
113, 449

37, 844
104, 492

38, 315
98, 777

36, 905
90, 036

6,505
4,778

6,718

4,628

6,721
4,713

215, 153
873, 358

235, 892
882, 037

tons..
tons..

29,981
3,077

thous. of lbs_.
thous. of lbs._
short tons..

+3.0

-8.7
-0.7

4, 778, 329
335, 350

4, 378, 356 -8.4
415, 100 +23.8

+13.1
+0.4
+13.7

4, 935, 077
239, 586

4, 991, 195 +1.1
320, 662 +33.8

-22.6
+52.1
+2.7

+22.9

+16.8

145, 863
131, 025

169, 502 +16.3
155, 610 +18.8

38, 636
38, 854
36, 347
16, Oil

+0.2
-4.9
+0.4
+5.4

+9.0
+3.6
+10.9
+11.2

328, 253
330, 509
313, 129

371, 635 +13.2
372, 549 +12.7
362, 584 +15.8

34, 312
73, 595
.52

33, 924!

79,509

-20.8
+1.9
+1.8

-1.7
-15.7
+5.7

284, 193

325, 154 +14.4

.53

116,029
230, 672
9.18

115, 235
216, 917
9 31

-13.8
+5.0
+2.9

+4.9
+12.8
-0.4

956, 387

1, 119, 427 +17.0

40, 903
6 84, 111

35, 473
112, 964

36, 942
111, 728

+10.8
-6.6

+10.7
-24.7

351, 115

6,695
4,344

6 7, 640

5,569

6,257
6,027

6, 486

+14.1

+28.2

+17.8
-2.4

61, 486

229, 388
894, 993

222, 112
888, 328

259, 017
875, 424

211, 828
845, 762

219, 525
845, 645

+16.6
-1.5

+18.0
+3.5

2, 272, 864

2, 272, 434

28, 188

26, 665

23, 997

25, 502

24, 343

23, 930

3,367

+6.3
+7.3

+42.3

+6.6

249, 521

268, 169

1,428
91, 375
23, 828

541
73, 157
21, 693

1,285
109, 091
26, 622

82, 942
18, 007

2,632

3,061
88, 743
17, 208

80, 914
20, 754

2,222

3,681
82, 176
22, 897

+16.3
+7.0
-4.4

-16.8
+8.0
-24.8

44, 508
620, 845
190, 990

21, 467 -51.8920, 638 +48.3
249, 215 +30.5

thous. of lbs_
thous. of lbs_.

32, 571
12, 029

23, 669
12, 658

36, 623
14, 715

36, 952
16, 075

36, 770

19,511

34, 008
14, 452

31, 534
15, 714

-0.5
+21.4

+16.6

224, 522

128,987

347, 434 +54.7
150,786 +16.9

thous. of lbs_.
thous. of ibs__
thous. of lbs_.

24, 276
23, 379

24, 873
24, 972

28,400

30, 562

28, 446

25, 788
7,231

36,624

6,376

30, 631
30, 137

+19.8
+10.1

+19.6
+14.8

257, 021
256, 184
58, 630

289,931 +12.8
285, 048 +11.3
7 60, 456 +3.1

26, 041

239, 538
121, 769
159, 109

920, 318 1, 487, 577
488, 946
896, 904
590, 747 1, 181, 420

865, 691 61,536,083 +61.6
421, 362 e 910, 576
+83.4
567, 828 6 1, 192, 935 +100. 0

-3.2
—1.5
-1.0

3, 230, 942
3, 050, 560

63, 401

29, 377
51, 438
41, 340

21, 552
30, 079

18, 558
19, 094

35, 453

149, 388
77, 339

276, 280
121, 341

126, 787 6 282, 715
68, 856 6 124, 625

+84.9
+56.9

-2.3
-2.6

970, 361

1, 144, 217 +17.9

40, 795
431, 100
.096
2,124

27, 680
338, 320
.096
2,051

24, 376

82, 859
175, 023
.093

206, 597
232, 699
.093

61, 637 6 201, 483 +149. 3
159, 588
223, 046 +33.0
.099
.099
0.0

+2.5
+4.3
-6.1
+12.8

885, 677

1, 044, 779 +18. 0

.094

28, 423
142, 014

25, 971
80, 914
11, 969

56, 311
51, 727
12, 837

215, 663
83, 778
21, 608

398, 987
162, 074
33, 434

185, 728 6 406, 795
61,411 6 123, 803
22, 013
60, 015

+85.0 -1.9
+93.5 +30.9
+54.7 -44.3

1, 384, 739

36,900

10,400

24, 203
11, 932

38,600

56,700 +102. 5
23,339

+20.4

Explosives
(Black powder, permissible, and other high
explosives)
Production
- thous. of lbs._
Shipments
thous. of lbs._
New orders
thous. of lbs._
Stocks, end of month
thous. of lbs._

40,295

Naval Stores
Turpentine (gum):
Net receipts, southern ports
barrels..
Stocks at ports, end of month
barrels..
Price, southern, New York__dolls. per gal..
Rosin (gum) :
Net receipts, southern ports
barrels..
Stocks at 3 ports, end of month
barrels ..
Price, B, New York
..dolls, per bbl._
Rosin (wood) :
Production
..
barrels __
Stocks, end of month
barrels..
Turpentine (wood):
Production
barrels. .
Stocks, end of month
barrels. _
Pine oil:
Production
gallons..
Stocks, end of month
gallons..
Roofing
Roofing, felt:
Production, dry felt
Stocks, end of month, dry felt

2,846

3,974

4,465

4,790

5,704

3,427

372, 226

+6.0

68, 893 +12.0

+7.5

Fats and Oils
Total vegetable oils and copra:
Exports
Imports..
_.
Copra, imports
Copra or coconut oil:
Imports
Consump. in oleomargarine
Oleomargarine:
Production
Consumption
.
Animal glues shipments

Cottonseed
Cottonseed:
Receipts at mills
short tons
Consumption (crush)
short tons
Stocks at mills, end of month, .short tons..
Cottonseed oil, crude:
Production
thous. of Ibs
Stocks, end of month _. ..thous. of lbs_.
Cottonseed oil, refined:
Production
thous. of Ibs
Stocks, end of month
_ thous. of lbs_.
Price, yellow, prime, N. Y... dolls, per lb_.
Consumption in oleomarg thous. of lbs_.
Cottonseed cake and meal:
Production...
short tons..
Stocks, end of month
short tons
Exports
.
short tons..

6,246

63,274

4,777

29,232

234,922

2,387

31,423
6,749

2,362

34, 591

3,022

29,002
6,256

7,528

2,437

2,678

+27.9

+24.2

7

21,788
189, 756

3,452,989

+6.9
3, 597, 939 I +17.9

23,810 ;

+9.3

1, 623, 620 +17.5

182, 387

-3.9

11, 262

-25,9
22 2

Flaxseed
Production crop estimate
Minneapolis and Duluth:
Receipts.
Shipments
Stocks, end of month
3 As of Nov.



492
thous. of bushs..
271
thous. of bushs
764
thous. of bushs..
1.
« Final estimate

4

316,060

thous of bushs
381
340
360

for 1928.

1,479
567
23

4,111
1,655
909

3,132
1,697
1,179

e Revised.

3,812
1,260
615

18, 690

6,600 -23.8 -52.5
15, 194
2,348
+2.5 -27.7
7,563
2,585 +29.7 -54.4
i Cumulative through Sept. 30.

5,883

37

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

1929

Oct.,
June

July

August

September

October

September

October

1,254

1,209

1929

from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1938

1929

Per ct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

CHEMICALS AND OILS-Continued
Flaxseed— Continued
Imparts
thous of bushs
Mill receipts at DuluthSuperior
thous of bushs
Price, No. 1, Minneapolis8
dolls, perbush..
Linseed oil:
Shipments from Minneapolis.thous. of lbs._
Price, New York
dolls, per Ib
Linseed, cake and meal:
Shipments from Minneapolis.thous. of lbs._
Exports
thous. of Ibs .

2,366

1,293

1,020

842

2,582

33
2.48

84
2.76

42
2.79

572
3.23

935
3.32

62
2.09

1,014
2.28

15, 205
.105

14, 381
.120

10, 787
.129

14, 789
.155

13,707
.159

14, 443
.098

7,632
30, 065

12, 215
40, 428

15, 683
37, 437

27, 415
29, 770

30, 466
26, 211

26, 257
38, 772

+206. 7 +113. 6

14,649

21, 209 +44.8

+63.5
+2.8

-7.8
+45.6

1,610

1,789 +11.1

15, 437
.101

-7.3
+2.6

-11.2
+57.4

148, 862

141, 709

30, 071
51, 894

+11.1
-12.0

+1.3
-49.5

217, 228
470, 950

189, 712 -12.7
316, 290 -32.8

-4.8

FOODSTUFFS
Wheat
Production, monthly estimate:
Winter
thous. of bushs..
Spring. _.
thous of bushs
Total
thous. of bushs
Visible supply, end of month:
94, 060
United States __
thous. of bushs
118, 249
Canada
thous of bushs
25, 694
Receipts, principal markets ... thous. of bushs ..
18, 644
Shipments, principal markets. thous. of bushs_.
275,355
Stocks, millers', end of quarter.thous. of bushs. _
Exports:
United States—
4,564
Wheat only.
thous. of bushs
8,814
Including wheat flour. thous. of bushs ..
Canada—
Including wheatflour.thous.of bushs. .
29, 796
Prices:
No. 1 Northern8 Spring,
1.15
Minneapolis ..
dolls, per bush
No. 2 Red Winter,
St. Louis8
dolls, perbush
1.21
No. 2 Hard Winter,
Kansas City 8 ___
dolls per bush
1.05

4
4
4

3 568, 233
3 223, 535
3 791, 768

578, 133
324, 058
902, 191

142,855
103, 315
94, 158
42, 577

190, 911
96,224
101, 669
60,983

198,982
156, 620
47, 046
32,134
2 174, 776

202, 781
213, 381
36, 256
27, 116

114, 523
78, 069
73, 322
39, 508
2 151, 228

138, 239
158, 204
84, 423
30, 365

+1.9
+36.2
-22.9
-15.6
+131. 9

+46.7
+34.9
-57.1
-10.7
+15.6

446, 292
248, 480

419, 387
269, 591

-6.0
+8.5

8,691
13, 575

12, 094
16, 935

13, 104
18, 335

8,767
14, 664

17, 939
22, 528

22, 058
28, 272

-33.1
-20.0

-60.3
-48.1

78, 068
122, 215

73, 003
124, 610

-6.5
+2.0

20, 538

13, 050

9,624

23, 215

30, 928

48, 957 +141.2

-52.6

279, 871

210, 239 -24.9

1.43

1.35

1.35

1.31

1.19

1.16

-3.0

1.39

1.32

1.35

1.32

1.45

1.44

-2.2

1.25

1.23

1.24

1.22

1.07

1.10

-1.6

e 47, 583
5,745

50, 429

48, 014
8,554

52, 890
9,473

+6.0

-4.7

433,914
'63,617

443, 741
765,071

+2.3
+2.3

11, 058 6 10, 372
12, 562
11, 870
1,607
1,283
882, 931 6 831, 523
62
66
11, 686
10, 006

10, 965

10, 512
11, 197
1,892
820, 934
66
9,078

11, 587
13, 316
2,130
910, 900
66
12, 536

+5.7

-5.4

+6.2
-6.1

-3.1
-6.1

93, 951
7 91, 995
M3.814
7, 598, 488

96, 861
7 96, 525
7 14, 325
7, 715, 727

+3.1
+4.9
+3.7
+1,5

7 81, 168

7 84, 244

+3.8

8,500
4, 180

7,900

+17 1

+7.2
-5.1
-52.7

+12.9

-8.3
+10.9

Wheat Flour
-Grindings of wheat:
United' States.
thous. of bushs
Canada
thous of bushs
Production:
United States, actual
_.thous. of bbls..
United States, prorated
thous. of bbls..
Canada
.,_
thous. of bbls
Production, gain offal
thous. of lbs_.
Capacity operated, flour mills
per cent
Consumption (computed)
thous. of bbls..
Stocks, all positions, end of
month (computed)
thous. of bbls..
Stocks, millers', end of quarter. thous. of bbls_.
Exports:
United States
thous. of bbls..
Canada
thous. of bbls..
Wholesale prices:
Standard patents,
Minneapolis
dolls, per bbl
Winter straights,
Kansas City
dolls, per bbL.

40, 833
7,029

42, 895
7,247

8,912
9, 838
1,548
711,357
54
8,494

9,337
10, 449
1,603
746, 628
55
8,365

8,000
2 3, 826

10, 084

8,800

9,500
2
4, 479

944
935

1,085
782

1,076
643

1,163
492

1,311
554

1,020
890

1,381
1, 171

+12.7
+12.6

6.38

7.69

7.31

7.17

6.91

6.59

6.41

-3.6

+7.8

5.26

6.31

6.24

6.10

6.01

5.65

5.59

-1.5

+7.5

981
13, 932
20, 644
15, 160
6,697

850
9,493
21, 205
15, 644
6,558

~~895
5,765
19, 023
13, 643
7,672

693
4,638
19, 532
11, 082
7,913

32,621,451
732
3,924
18, 303
11, 075
8,721

668
7,114
19, 658
11, 949
6,541

^2,835,678
870
2,271
13, 323
9,044
7,725

+5.6
-15.4
-6.3
-0.1
+10.2

-15.9
+72.8
+37.4
+22.5
+12.9

.91

.99

1.01

1.01

.95

1.00

.96

-5.9

-1.0

.88
.94

.93
1.00

.99
1.01

.99
1.02

.92
.96

.94
1.00

.86
.98

-7.1
-5.9

+7.0
-2.0

10, 123
8,129
255
.47
854

36, 320
25, 897
837
.43
1,101

I§, 833
28, 809
1,080
.48
975

1,448, 677
13, 872
17, 882
1,653
.42
1,292

+10.9
+11.3
-15.1
-2.1

+10.6
+79.3
-44.5
+11.9

12, 145

14, 228

50, 725
7,178

882, 782
62

2

9,811
8,655

11, 468 +16.9
8,377 -3.2

Corn
Production, crop estimate
thous. of bushs
Exports, including meal
thous. of bushs
Visible supply, end month
thous. of bushs..
Receipts, principal markets .__thous. of bushs._
Shipments, prin. markets
thous. of bushs..
Grindings (starch, glucose)
thous. of bushs..
P rices:
No. 3, Yellow, Chicago 8 ___dolls. per bush
No. 3, Yellow: 8
Kansas City
dolls, per bush
No. 3, White, C hi cago*.... dolls, per bush..

18, 488

33, 226 +79.7

261,414
182, 033
72, 839

217, 227 -16.9
147, 807 -18.8
74, 111 +1.7

132, 251

132, 040

Oats
Production, crop estimate
thous. of bushs
Receipts, principal markets -..thous. of bushs..
8,486
Visible supply, end of month. thous. of bushs..
8,114
Exports, including meal
thous. of bushs
254
8
Price, No. 3, white, Chicago .. dolls, per bush
.45
Grindings, Canada
thous. of bushs
895
Production, oatmeal and rolled
oats, Canada
thous. of Ibs
11, 360
2
Quarter ending in month indicated.
3
As of Nov. 1.
4
Final estimate for 1928.




3

1,226, 573
15, 336
32, 069
917
.47

4

14, 375
18, 004
2,308
.41
1,100

8,810

-0.2

5,881 -33.2

12, 263
7 106. 292 7103.510
16. 499
17. 760
fl Revised.
7
Cumulative through Sept. 30.
8
See tables on pp. 21 and 22 of the November, 1929, issue for earlier data.

-2.6

38
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929
The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August , 1929, "Survey"

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

Oct.,
June

July

August

September

October

September

October

1929

from
Sept.,
1929

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

1928

1929

Per ct,

increase(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative i
1929 '
from
1928

FOODSTUFFS— C cntinued
Barley
Production, crop estimate
thous. of bushs..
Receipts, principal markets-. -thous. of bushs__
Visible supply, end mo
thous. of bushs. _
E xports
thous . of bushs . .
Price, No. 2, Minneapolis «
dolls, per bush..

3,338
5,731
2,783
.60

4,849
5,518
4,120
.69

18, 666
9,805
4,624
.61

7,807
9,519
6,209
.60

870
6,422
295
.84

880
6,447
106
1.07

5,766
8,015
470
.98

13, 127

18, 907

23,761

191, 944
650, 414
130, 369
865, 117
261, 377
2,984

4

3 313, 368

356, 667
16, 797
8,962
11, 639
.63

-28.9 -66.9
+3.8 +10.2
-71.1 -84.6
-1.7 -6.3

88, 645

59, 749 1-32. &

45, 461

30, 391 -33.1

24, 327

20, 247 -16.8:

12, 771

3,473 -72. 8

5,554
9,877
1,795
.59

21, 710
8,084
14, 830
.63

3,720
8,889
1,220
.97

» 41, 028
3,405
9,903
562
.97

6,001
1,927
2,471
.94

41, 676
6,770
4,437
3,098
.94

-8.5 -49.7
+11.4 +123.2
-53.9 -81.9
0.0 +3.2

27, 537

18, 671

42,805

45, 533

-32.2

-59.0

203, 737

197, 582

-3.0>

125, 737

4
41, 881
3 39, 176
583, 944 1, 387, 795 2, 330, 286 1, 197, 924 2, 113, 697

+67.9

+10.2

7, 368, 665

6, 933, 201

-5.9>

515, 342
113, 969
485, 177
231, 401
6,556

777, 583 1, 245, 714
506, 895 841, 027 1, 376, 400
147, 464
202, 697
156, 232 249, 474
126, 470
506, 953 1, 099, 055 2, 173, 838 1, 102, 564 2, 142, 144
152, 906
228, 255
221, 314
131, 509 229, 686
15, 412
6,662
8,864
6,292
5,549

+63.7
+59.7
+97.8
+74.7
+5.9

+10.5
+23.1
+1.5
+0.6
-24.8

7, 916, 218
1, 559, 583

7, 905, 843
1, 418, 633

-0.1
-9.0-

Bye
Production, crop estimate
thous. of bushs__
Receipts, principal markets.. -thous. of bushs..
Visible supply, end mo
. -thous. of bushs. _
Exports, including flour thous. of bushs..
Price, No. 2, Minneapolis s
dolls, per bush..

4

Total Grains
Total grain exports, incl. flour.thous. of bushs..
Bice
Production, crop estimate
thous. of bushs..
Southern paddy, receipts at mills...
bbls._
Shipments:
Total from mills
pockets (100 Ibs.) _ _
New Orleans
_ pockets (100 Ibs.) __
Stocks end of month"
pockets (100 Ibs.)
Exports
pockets (100 Ibs.). _
Imports
- .pockets (100 Ibs.) _ .
Other Crops
Apples:
Production crop estimate thous. of bush
Cold-storage holdings,
*
end of month
thous. of bbls
Car-lot shipments
carloads..
Potatoes:
Production, crop estimate, -thous. of bush..
Car-lot shipments
carloads __
Onions car-lot shipments
.carloads
Citrus fruits, car-lot shipments
carloads. .
Hay, all tame:
Production crop estimate thous. of tons

4

3 140, 099
82
1,001
24, 321
1,700
11, 820

31
1,903
19, 359
2,351
8,152

7,647
36, 366

8 1, 633
13, 114

79
3,532

3 353, 977
31, 253
23, 978
5,484
5,040
8,652
5,684

16, 871
2,545
7,348

185, 743

20, 267
6,009
3,636

464, 483
28,921
4,115
5,868
4

3 100, 582

-12.4
-17.4

88, 610

+30.3
+8.8
+52.2

+8.1
+33.3
+47.4

220, 161
29,990
69, 191

216, 487 -1.7
30, 351 +1.2
117,601 +70. 0

8,733 +368. 3
44, 034 +177. 3

1,631
18, 085
4

2, 842, 509 3, 099, 175 +9.0=
189, 147 -34.7
289, 547

81, 234

-8.3

92, 983

Cattle and Beef
Cattle movements, primary markets:
Receipts
thousands..
Shipments total
..
thousands..
Shipments, stocker and feeder, -thousands. _
Local slaughter
thousands .
Beef products:
Production, inspected.
thous. of lbs._
Apparent consumption
thous. of Ibs. _
Exports
thous. of Ibs. .
Cold-storage holdings,
end of month
thous. of Ibs. .
Prices:
Cattle, corn-fed, Chicago. dolls, per 100 Ibs..
Steer rounds No. 2..
dolls, per lb._
Western dressed steers, N. Y. .dolls, per lb._

1,444
528
176
901

1,659
592
173
1,039

364, 470
388, 426
1,496

402, 501
420, 212
2,268

52, 055

45,930

14.38
.234
.238

14.98
.238
.255

2,099
883
423
1,118

2,401
1,267
757
1,168

2,191
1,067
563
1,069

2,541
1,327
799
1, 195

+14.4
+43.5
+79.0
+4.5

-5.5
-4.5
-5.3
-2.3

18,004
7,466
3,216
10, 361

16, 891 -6.2
6,744 -9.7
2,837 -11. &
9,990 -3.6

406, 700 419, 281
419,494 8 423, 701
1,259
1,457

458,439
453, 474
1,223

418, 882
433, 958
647

430,688
421, 850
1,276

+9.3
+7.0
-2.9

+6.4
+7.5
-4.2

3,950,769
4, 059, 872
11, 513

3, 957, 466 +0.2
3, 644, 299 -10,2
14, 075 +22. a

48, 014

e 56, 434

72, 126

37, 223

58,036

+27.8

+24.3

14.69
.238
.251

13.80
.236
.250

13.31
.236
.238

16.19
.259
.284

14.63
.255
.282

-3.6
0.0
-4.8

-9.0
-7.5
-15.6

3,062
1,123
40
1,923

3,674
1,377
50
2,310

2,600
1,093
55
1,500

3,666
1,341
65
2,311

+20.0
+22.6
+25.0
+20.1

+0.2
+2.7
-23.1

37, 679
14, 186
625
23,452

35, 434 -6.0
13, 276 -6.4
517 -17. 3
22, 135 -5.6!

552,490
e 614, 118
84, 650

651, 682
720, 196
97, 081

434, 296
588, 472
65, 617

623, 716
675, 222
75,384

+18.0 +4.5
+17.3 +6.7
+14.7 +28.8

6,868,783
6, 055, 255
886, 522

e 754, 188
8 600, 498

589, 117
490, 007

641, 977
515,087

516, 634
433, 160

-21.9
-18.4

+14.0
+13.1

114, 179
58,329

70, 698

80, 135
46,158

113,968
59, 865

+21.2

+18.1

e 153, 690

99, 110

126,890

83,474

9.96
.267
.122

9.65
.242
114

12.43
254
.132

10.03
.260
.124

1,616
685
267
938

Hogs and Pork
Hog movements, primary markets:
Receipts
thousands. .
3,230
3,257
2,930
Shipments total
- thousands..
1,149
1,124
1,199
Shipments, stocker and feeder ..thousands ..
38
53
38
Local slaughter !
thousands
2,081
2,055
1,810
Pork products, total: Sp-V\*Jv.^-- .-;•
Production, inspected
thous. of Ibs.. 672,947 675, 915 586, 150
Apparent consumption
thous. of Ibs.. 582, 512 604,320 617,430
Exports
. .. thous. of Ibs .. 100, 556
87, 277
96,298
Cold-storage holdings, end of monthTotal
thous of Ibs 61,041,636 e \ 017 364e 899, 485
Fresh and cured
thous of Ibs
6 841, 937 e gi^ 354 8719,400
Lard (included in pork products) :
Production
thous of Ibs
144, 272
139, 693 121, 894
Exports
thous. of lbs_.
67, 252
64, 274
55, 487
Cold-storage holdings,
end of month
thous of Ibs
199, 699
180, 085
203,010
Prices:
Hogs, heavy, Chicago
dolls, per 100 Ibs..
10.66
10.66
11.20
Hams, smoked, Chicago
dolls, perlb..
.254
.267
.275
Lard, prime contract, N. Y... dolls, per lb._
.123
.125
124

7

1, 297, 561
605, 612

6,840,534
6, 038, 474
972, 289

7

-0.4
-0.3
+9.7

1, 312, 598
665,804

+1.2
+9.9

-35.5 +18.7

-3.1
-9.4
-6.6

-3.8
-6.9
-8.1

Sheep and Lambs
Sheep movement, primary market:
Receipts
_
thousands..
1,749
Shipments, total
thousands .
740
Shipments, stocker and feeder . . thousands _ .
226
Local slaughter
.thousands. .
1.020
s As of Nov. 1; 4 Final estimate for 1928. e Revised.




2,537
2,112
1,384
876
231
639
1.155
1.216
" Cumulative through

3,353
1,969
1,027
1,301
Sept. 30.

4,091
2,818
1,831
1, 326
8
See tables

21,934
3,938 +22.0 +3.9
3,386
11, 539
2,485 +43.1 +13.4 i
2,161
4, 272
1,080
1,466 +78.3 +24.9 !
10, 319
+1.9
-5.5
1,403
1,213
on pp. 21 and 22 of the November, 1929, issue for

22, 966 +4.7
12, 034 +4.3
4,807 +12.5
10, 882 +5.5

earlier data.

39
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

June

July

August

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

September

October

September

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1938

1939

Perct
increase
( }
or t
decrease
(-)
cumu
lative
1929
from
1928

FOODSTUFFS-Continued
Sheep and Lambs— Continued
Lamb and mutton:
Production, inspected.
thous. of lbs_.
Apparent consumption
thous. of lbs_.
Cold-storage holdings,
end of month
_ -thous. of Ibs ._
Prices:
Sheep, ewes, Chicago
dolls, per lOOlbs..
Sheep, lambs, Chicago ...dolls, per lOOlbs..

42, 012
41, 967

46,804
47, 563

49, 096
48, 743

50, 158
« 49, 551

52, 677
51, 973

49, 237
49, 042

54, 107
52, 077

+5.0
+4.9

-2.6
-0.2

3,061

2,639

3,159

6 4, 113

4,989

2,113

4,321

+21.3

+15.5

5.31
12.75

5.55
13.80

5.16
12.88

4.68
12.55

4.63
12.09

5.50
14,16

5.35
13.08

-1.1
-3.7

-13.5
-7.6

81, 132

81, 068

76, 539

« 71, 511

63, 594

49, 798

52, 201

435,926
437, 753

456, 516
461, 051

+4.7
+5.

Miscellaneous Meats
Cold-storage holdings, end mo- --thous. of lbs__

-11.1 +21.8

Total Meats
Production, inspected
_ _ .thous. of lbs._ 1, 079, 429 1, 125, 221 1,041,946 1, 021, 929 1, 162, 798
902, 414 1, 108, 511
Cold-storage holdings, end mo.__thous. of lbs_. 1, 177, 884 1, 147, 001 1, 027, 197 6 886, 246 729, 826
731, 111 631, 192
Apparent consumption
.-thous. of Ibs.. 1,012,905 1, 072, 095 1, 085, 667 61,087,369 1, 225, 644 1, 071, 472 1, 149, 149

+13.8
-17.6
+12.7

+4.9 11, 255, 475 11, 254, 517
+15.6
+6.7 10, 552, 880 10, 597, 298

+0.4

Poultry
Receipts at 5 markets
thous. of lbs_.
C old-storage holdings, end of mo _ thous. of lbs_.

20,434
42, 001

22,548
40, 896

26, 150
49,010

28,477
6 61, 976

37, 725
86, 854

23, 859
43, 578

35, 613
58, 093

+32.5 +5.9
+40.1 +49.5

225, 127

238, 530

31, 728
40,451

43, 185
51, 334

43, 903
64, 723

50, 270
72, 198

33, 243
75, 323

24, 284
71, 352

27, 129
73,410

-33.9
+4.3

+22.5
+2.6

252, 189

327, 821 +30.0

217, 781
42, 794

367, 842
38,983

830, 404
53, 100

937, 041
118, 250

162, 831

1,113,495
168, 963

810, 723
253, 265

+37.7

-35.7

thous. of Ibs..
thous. of Ibs

181, 359
69, 511

173, 314
68, 104

144,436
54, 885

117, 431
44,500

109, 733
42, 963

117,790
44, 969

104, 367
41, 884

-6.6
-3.5

+5.1
+2.6

thous. of Ibs. .
thous. of Ibs
dolls, per Ib

91, 962
192, 045
.44

151, 621
241, 232
.42

168, 952 e 158, 541
185,708 174, 193
.46
.43

138, 324
172, 923
.46

128, 071
176,879
.49

105, 811
171, 922
.48

-12.8
-0.7
0.0

+30.7
+0.6
-4.2

Cheese
Total, all varieties:
Production (factory) .
thous. of lbs__
Receipts, 5 markets
thous. of Ibs. .
Apparent consumption
thous. of Ibs. _
C old-storage holdings, end mo.thous. of lbs._
Imports
thous. of Ibs. _
Exports, United States
thous. of Ibs..
Exports Canada
thous. of Ibs
American whole milk:
Cold-storage holdings end mo thous. of Ibs
Wholesale price, New York__dolls. per lb_.

48, 854
18, 404
38, 625
79, 724
8,608
209
8,403

47, 004
20, 548
36, 607
98,070
6,653
285
15,074

30, 373
37, 751
15,289
18, 605
38, 414
39, 453
106, 009 « 102, 849
4,929
5,268
284
138
16,954
11,047

27, 665
14, 344
42, 329
94, 901
6,911
195
17, 144

45, 156
18, 222
48, 660
98, 339
6,744
141
17, 123

40, 654
18, 665
43, 522
97, 421
9,410
204
24, 282

-8.9
-6.2
+10.2
-7.7
+16.6
-31.3
+1.1

-32.0
-23.2
-2.7
-2.6
-26.6
-4.4
-29.4

62, 737
.23

79, 907
.23

86, 558
.23

684,815
.24

78, 062
.24

81, 833
.27

82, 318
.26

-8.0
0.0

-5.2
-7.7

Eggs
Receipts 5 markets
thous. of cases
Cold-storage holdings, end of month:
Case
thous. of cases
Frozen
thous. of Ibs..

1,813

1,409

1,151

944

735

939

794

-22.1

-7.4

8,510
84, 766

8,962
91, 488

8,547
86, 693

a 7, 195
6 81, 544

4,931
70, 323

8,542
82, 255

6,247
73,327

-31.5
-13.8

-21.1
—4.1

34, 750
29, 890

32, 142
29, 217

29, 893
e 30, 038

29, 182
27, 271

27, 837
17, 604

23,949
14, 429

-2.4
—9 2

+21.9
J_89 0

28, 883
9,221
3,865
6.13

26, 950
8,751
3,366
6.13

24, 237
8,019
3,116
6.13

23, 614
7,687
4,019
6.13

21, 821
6,351
3,405
6.18

17, 818
4,840
2,531
6.18

281, 137
215, 878
5,929
4.30

272, 427
186, 717
4,609
4.30

249, 936
192, 761
3,703
4.21

243, 672
191, 723
5,179
3.95

165, 682
134, 259
5,583
4.58

261, 989

180, 084

136, 738

124, 434

140, 388

33, 921
400
7,786

33, 491
250
8,069

30,775
329
7,780

25, 263
678
6,890

18, 857
322
5,662

20, 114
119, 886

19, 115
114, 768

18, 273
116, 205

116, 449

17, 329
113, 552

18, 385
116, 849

32, 021

25, 737

21, 974

21, 572

20,274

7.045

8 144

8 894

+6.

Fish
Total catch, prin. fishing ports- -.thous. of lbs_.
Cold-storage holdings, 15th of mo_thous. of lbs_.
Canned salmon:
Shipments, United States
-cases. _
Exports, Canada.. _
...eases..

7 3, 796, 988 7 3, 965, 534
923, 787
1, 024, 000

+4.4
-9.8

1, 289, 842
505, 294

1, 391, 992
524, 597

+7.9
+3.8

1,764,416

1, 798, 941

+2.0

Butter
Production (factory)
Receipts 5 markets
Cold-storage holdings, creamery,
end of month
Apparent consumption
Wholesale price New York

Milk
Condensed milk:
Total stocks, mfrs., end mo.—
Case goods
thous. of Ibs
31, 459
Bulk goods
thous. of Ibs
25, 803
Unsold stocks, mfrs, end mo. —
Case goods
thous. of Ibs
25, 140
Bulk goodsthous
9,296
Exports
thous. of lbs_.
3,280
Wholesale price, New York.dolls per case..
6.13
Evaporated milk:
Manufacturers' stocks, end of mo.—
Total, case goods
thous. of Ibs
222, 956
Unsold, case goods
thous. of lbs__
173, 684
Exports
thous. of lbs__
7,121
Wholesale price, New York dolls, per case
4.30
Production, condensed and
evaporated milk
thous. of Ibs., 290, 350
Powdered milk:
Manufacturers' stocks, end
of month
thous. of lbs_.
31, 103
Exports
.
. -. .--thous. of Ibs
488
Net new orders
thous. of lbs_.
8,228
Fluid milk:
ReceiptsBoston (includ. cream). -thous. of qts__
19, 920
Greater New York
-thous. of qts__
122, 902
ProductionMinneapolis, St. Paul
thous. of Ibs..
36, 949
Consumption in manufacture
of oleomargarine
thous . of Ibs . _
6.487
«Revised.




8. fian

329, 703 -28.1
156, 192 -8.5
387, 207 -6.6

63, 187
2,133
93, 148

62, 506 -1.1
2,273 +6.6
74, 058 -20.5

14, 986

14,545

-2.9

+9.3

-2.6 4-QO ^
-4.1 +58.8
+29.0 +58.8
0.0
-0.8

32, 397

35, 406

164, 989
138, 808
5,264
4.58

-2.5
-0.5
+39.9
-6.2

+47 7
+38.1
-1.6
-13.8

65, 694

58, 816 -10.5

118,848

-9.0

+4.7

1,709,977

16,864 1 -17.9 +49.8
313 i +106. 1 +116. 6
6,284 -11.4 +9.6

3,"IsI
59, 425

+0.2

4-17.0
Cumulative through Sept. 30.

in 391

458, 808
170, 743
414, 586

Q. 151

1

1,826,988

+6.8

4," 335 "+37."
68,659 +15.

4-12.8 !

1 162, 017
1, 141, 036

7 165, 439
1, 148, 849

+2.
+0.1

7 247, 628

-0.3

7 269, 737

+8.9

75. 940

80.186

+5.6

40

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

Oct.,

June

July

August

Septem- October
ber

Septem- October
ber

1929

from
Sept.,
1929

f

'Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

i Per ctincrease
( }
or-t
decrease
(-)
cumu' lative
1929
from
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL 1
tfROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1938

1939

FOODSTUFFS— Continued
Sugar
Raw:
Imports—
From Hawaii, Porto Rico. _ -long tons.. 112, 546
338, 905
From foreign countries . long tons
Meltings, 8 ports
long tons.. 450, 035
Stocks at refineries, end month..long tons.. 875, 942
Refined:
Shipments, 2 ports
long tons
81, 088
Stocks, 2 ports
long tons
50, 753
6,341
Exports, including maple
long tons..
Prices:
Wholesale, 96° centrif . , N . Y . dolls . per Ib . . .035
.049
Wholesale, granulated, N. Y.dolls. per lb._
Retail, granulated, N. Y
dolls, per lb._
.056
Retail average, 51 cities relative to 1913..
116
Cuban movement (raw) :
Receipts at Cuban ports
_ long tons
196, 995
Exports
long tons.. 356, 616
Stocks, end of month
long tons 1, 298, 387
Candy
Sales by manufacturers. __ thous. of dolls..
22, 774
Coffee
Imports
thous of bags
817
Visible supply:
World
thous of bags
5,352
United States
thous of bags
700
Receipts, total, Brazil
thous. of bags..
1,069
Clearances:
1,020
Total, Brazil, for world
thous. of bags..
488
Total, Brazil, for U. S
.thous. of bags..
.168
Price, Rio No. 7, Brazil grades. -.dolls, per lb_.
Tea
Imports
thnns of Ibs
Price Formosa fine New York dolls per Ib

6,029
.325

156, 633
359, 393
445, 904
864, 589

90, 922
410, 479
504, 207
830, 508

120, 481
292, 699
322, 716
873, 286

92, 684
256, 953
380, 758
798, 870

89, 047
315, 722
417, 983
465, 386

104, 841
257, 825
436, 122
357, 506

-23.1 -11.6
-12.2 -0.3
+18.0 -12.7
-8.5 +123. 5

93, 673
42, 889
11, 631

89, 294
47, 419
8,579

47, 447
49, 631
5,705

60, 610
39, 375
5, 674

66, 428
26, 725
7,413

61, 799
32, 920
11, 971

+27.7 -1.9
-20.7 +19.6
-0.5 -52.6

.038
.052
.057
116

.038
.054
.060
120

.040
.053
.061
122

.040
.054!
.061J
122

.042
.056
.063
127

.039
.052
.062
126

153, 925
428, 066
978, 543

211, 090
464, 310
739, 068

120, 530
349, 972
503, 592

94, 130
241, 256
326, 927

168, 638
370, 339
630, 548

154, 547
323, 317
446, 210

17, 962

26, 174

34, 779

38, 523

0.0
+1.9
0.0
0.0

+2.6
+3.8
-1.6
-3.2

620, 807
88, 795

3, 753, 634
3, 429, 724

+24.1

10, 147

+8.5

720, 511 +16.1
84, 079

-5.3

_.

-21.9 -39.1
-31.1 -25.4
-35.1 -26.7

4, 687, 084 +24.9
4, 299, 809 +25.4

-6.8

864

875

925

1,004

1,655

809

5,448
760
1,056

5,269
685
1,191

5,227
689
1,266

5, 043
686
1,365

5,378
702
1,040

5,390
693
1,157

11, 798

11, 607

-1.6

1,267
634
.163

1,242
655
.161

1,234
642
.158

1,324
682
.139

997
570
.173

1,330
667
.178

+7.3
+6.2
-12.0

-0.5
+2.2
-21.9

11, 501
6,082

11, 559
5,978

+0.4
-1.7

6,734
.310

7,019
.310

8,737
.310

10, 555
.310

9,754
.325

10, 512
.310

+20.8
0.0

+0.4
0.0

71, 302

71, 606

+0.4

+20.7
+196. 3
-5.5

187, 901
148,498

-3.5 -6.4
-0.4 -1.0
+7.8 +18.0

Cocoa
Shipments from the Gold Coast and
Nigeria, Africa. _ _.
long tons..
9,889
15, 326 +314. 7
7,224
5,238
4,459
18, 491
3,724
Imports
long tons
5,450 +54.1
14, 486
18, 862
15, 922
10, 481
16, 147
6,388
-3.4
Spot rice Accra, New York
dolls
.1069
.1125
.1069
.1081
.1063
.1100
.1163
TOBACCO
4
1, 378, 139
Production, crop estimate
thous. of Ibs
31,480,965
Consumption (tax-paid withdrawals) :
723, 318 +18.6
Large cigars
thousands
556, 746 589, 282 598, 583 591, 738 701,711
586, 267
+8.2
Small cigarettes
thousands 10, 839, 673 10, 724, 403 10, 930, 629 10, 350, 544 11, 202, 294 9, 126, 271 9, 921, 537
+4.6
35, 333
Manufac. tobacco and snuff --thous. of lbs._
32, 353
32, 694
34, 470
32, 260
33, 738
31, 789
Exports:
88, 509 +41.4
Unmanufactured
thous of Ibs
28, 588
41, 343
79, 150
26, 266
55, 965
57, 509
+5.1
956, 846
Cigarettes
-_
_ thousands _. 784, 160 504, 565 659, 187 558, 249 586, 767
961, 827
+24.4
Sales of loose-leaf, warehouses
thous. of Ibs. .
48
122,627
133, 771
166, 456
5,887
76,238
133,718
TRANSPORTATION
River and Canal Cargo Traffic
Panama Canal:
Total cargo traffic
thous. of long tons
2,424
2,598
2,681
2,433
2,313
In American vessels thous. of long tons..
1,186
1,194
1,335
1,311
1,140
In British vessels _ thous. of long tons
591
583
639
600
602
Sault Ste. Marie canals thous. of short tons..
14, 076
14, 085
13, 358
12, 812
14, 120
11, 213
New York State canals. ..thous. of short tons..
387
389
444
380
491
411
Cape Cod Canal
short tons.. 161, 143 175, 179 206, 188 199, 955 243, 668
130, 566
Suez Canal
thous of metric tons
2,762
2,772
2,590
2,745
2, 634
Welland Canal.- _ _ .
. short tons . 760, 431 628, 041 612, 943 574, 241 623, 651
996, 833
St. Lawrence Canal
short tons
927, 933
781, 310
809, 323
775, 772
749, 287 1, 150, 058
Mississippi River Govt. barges
short tons.. 103, 934
94, 141
137, 000 | 148, 377
85, 000 6 90, 947
Ohio River, Pittsburgh, Pa., to
Wheeling, W. Va
short tons 1, 056, 795 1, 088, 912 1, 080, 996 1, 144, 682 1, 151, 819
963, 766
Allegheny River
... short tons _ 345, 995 396, 514 330, 123 364, 309 366, 351
288, 629
Monongahela River
short tons.. 2, 460, 644 2, 396, 993 2, 500, 617 2, 374, 949 2, 464, 099 2, 305, 681
Ocean Traffic
Clearances, vessels in foreign trade:
7,559
Total
._
thous. of net tons
7,664
8,099
8,428
7,503 i
7, 365
American
thous. of net tons_.
2,985
3,176
3,219
2,833
3,041 !
2, 912
Foreign
thous. of net tons
4,679
4,923
5,208
4,726
4,463
4,453
Shipbuilding
Completed during month:
32, 298
Total
gross tons
21, 585
28, 325
27, 833
37, 616
Steel seagoing
gross tons
24, 322
14, 379
21, 497
|
24, 483
15, 708
Building or under contract, end of month:
242
254
Merchant vessels.
thous. of gross tons..
160
215
170
World construction
2 2, 817
2 2, 521
(Quarterly)
thous of gross tons
2 2, 838
World launchings
2
(quarterly)
thous. of gross tons..
2715
715
2811
2
3
Quarter ending in month indicated.
As of Nov. 1.
* Final estimate for 1928.




1, 286, 993 1, 146, 548 -10.9
3, 019, 787 4, 023, 267 +33.2
4, 036, 603 4, 235, 160 +4.9

2,582
1,195
679
13, 603
536
160, 903
2,622
1, 115, 190
1, 270, 051
120, 444

437, 107
9, 482, 337
533,066

-16.1 -17.6
+26.2 -8.4
+21.9 +51.4
+8.6 -44.1
-3.4 -41.0
+50.6 +13.7

721,595
710,109
76,075
75, 273
2,811
1, 111, 480
7 24, 201
6, 321, 341
7,244,159
1, 151, 903

-0.7
+7.3
-5.6

-3.9
-6.5
-2.0 1

66, 012
25, 804
40, 208 j
I
7 147, 991
7 90, 741

7,148
4,318

7 2, 161

260

-0.7

723,546
711,011

76,192
85, 188
2,544
1, 779, 395
7 25, 894
4, 274, 113
5, 137, 485
1, 115, 456

69, 916
26, 847
43, 069

+9.0
+8.9
+1.9
+13.2
-9.5
+60.1
+7.0
-32.4
-29.1
-8.2

7

+5.9
+4.0
+7.1

7 172, 131 +16.3
7 97, 824 +7.8
7 1, 838

+11.7

0.0

«Revised.

428, 879 -1.9
7, 338, 350 -22.6
667, 137 +25.2

+13.9 8, 469, 721 9, 414, 890 +11.2
-3.0 2, 409, 291 2, 720, 808 +12.9
+2.8 21, 679, 768 23, 717, 749 +9.4

+0.6
+0.6
+3.8

7,806
3,252
4,554

210, 687 +12.1
189, 504 +27.6

-3.0 5, 411, 228 5, 517, 882 +2.0
+12.9 89, 864, 438 101, 736, 443 +13.2
324, 731 -1.2
328, 597
-4.5
-10.6
-38.7
+35.7

1, 010, 860
377, 744
2, 396, 557

9,453

-11.8
Cumulative through Sept. 30.

-14.9

41
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939
The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929., "Survey"

September

August

October

September

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

1929

June

July

217, 657
116, 657
55, 150

197,923
96, 577
58, 485

158, 112
87, 985
31, 021

118, 523
72, 612
12, 117

124, 194
80, 956
17, 066

103,906
53, 170
21, 809

75

3

12

127

436

279

44 +243. 3

112

34

159

44

-69.6

-22.7

6
5, 260, 571 4, 153, 220 5, 590, 853 4, 538, 575 4, 677, 375 4, 470, 541 4,703,982
185, 681
238, 470 e 219, 320
315, 570
199, 367
215, 606
246, 696
149, 101
121, 285
123, 644
136, 923 e 154, 670
91, 969
116, 744
764, 880 6 869, 300
842, 553
644, 715
916, 215
877, 576
811, 081
254, 356
254, 527 6 264, 690
245, 036
343, 449
251, 726
347, 917
240, 164
250, 969 6 240, 985
304, 962
378, 560
274, 599
379, 813
1, 273, 002
996, 357 1, 307, 417 1, 048, 579 1, 086, 098 1, 034, 957 e 1, 081, 804
2, 084, 936 1, 623, 485 2, 208, 357 1, 829, 579 1, 884, 399 1, 789, 815 6 1, 873, 213

+3.1
-6.9
+20.6
+8.2
+1.0
-12.5
+3.6
+3.0

Perct
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

-0.6 42, 928, 744 44, 556, 961
2, 061, 036 2, 042, 808
-15.3
-3.6 1, 248, 500 1, 160, 262
+1.0 7, 529, 178 8, 041, 394
-3.9 2, 793, 852 2, 793, 776
-0.3 1, 706, 048 2, 102, 338
+0.4 10, 944, 531 11, 016, 069
+0.6 16, 645, 599 17, 400, 314

1928

TRANSPORTATION— Continued
Freight Cars
Surplus (daily av. last week of month) :
Total
Box
Coal
Shortage (daily av. last week of month) :
Total
C oal
Car loadings:
Total
Grain and grain products
Livestock
Coal and coke
Forest products _
Ore^ .
Merchandise and 1. c. 1
Miscellaneous _

cars
cars
cars
cars

cars
cars
.cars
cars
. cars
cars
cars
carscars

Railroad Operations
Operating revenue:
Freight
...
thous. of dolls..
Passenger
thous of dolls
Total operating
thous. of dolls..
Operating expenses
thous of dolls
Net operating income
thous of dolls
Freight carried
mills . ton-miles. .
Railway Equipment
Locomotives (Am. Ry. Assn.'):
Owned, end of month—Quantity
number
Tractive power
mills of Ibs
In bad order end of month—
Quantity
number
Per cent of total in use
per cent-Installed
number..
Retired
number
New orders
number
Shipments, manufacturer's (Census)—
Total
_
.
number
Steam, domestic
__ numberElectric domestic
number
Unfilled orders (railroads), end of mo.—
From manufacturers
number. .
In railroad shops...
number..
Unfilled orders, manufacturers' (Census)—
Total
number
Steam domestic
number
Electric domestic
number
Exports, steam
number. _
Freight cars (Am. Ry. Assn.):
Owned, end of monthCapacity
mills of Ibs
In bad order, end of monthQuantity
cars
New orders
cars
Shipments—
Total. .
cars
Domestic
cars
Unfilled orders (railroads)—
Total
cars
In railroad shops
cars
Passenger cars:
New orders
cars
ShipmentsTotal
cars
Domestic
._
cars
Passenger Travel

11

+4.8
+11.5
+40.8

+18.3
+49.2
-19.2

6 424, 092
e 80, 200
556, 916
376, 241
134, 491
43,791

57, 194
2,538

59, 600
2,582

59, 731
2,578

-0.3
-0.1

—4.2
-1.6

7,668
13.5
127
248
87

7,631
13 4
166
327
130

7,815
13.2
93
260
8

8,177
13.9
102
331
4

-0.5
-0.7
+30. 7
+31.9
+49.4

-6.7
36
+62.7
-1.2

129
117
6

75
60

96
90
6

41
28

36
26

+28.0 +166. 7
+50.0 +246. 2
-14.3

365
45

370
25

329
25

248
46

98
15

104
17

-24.6 +138. 5
+84.0 +170. 6

552
489
21
14

539
490
18
32

436
392
13
30

429
347
55
20

423
347
49
11

178
118
27
33

170
113
29
8

-1.4 +148. 8
0.0 +207. 1
-10.9 +69.0
-45.0 +37.5

2,266
208, 867

2,267
209, 095

2,268
2,266
208, 897 6 209 001

2,265
209, 105

2,296
210, 335

2,292
210, 092

—1 2
—0. 5

142, 064
6.4
5,869

137, 495
6.2
442

134, 253
6.0
2,585

126, 055

148, 333
6.6
1,236

-4.9
138, 238
-5.0
6 2
1,635 +305. 2

-8.8
-8.1

+3.8
-0.9
-7.1
+6.8
+23.2
+0.7
+4.5

492, 275
69, 564
617, 782
401, 160
166, 315
48, 206

390, 360
79, 329
531, 748
381, 596
105, 961
40, 725

416, 405
79, 551
557, 568
389, 262
122,783
41, 991

446, 001
84, 267
586, 563
395, 686
152, 232
44, 944

434, 972
75, 736
566, 720
383, 349
133, 898
44, 219

57, 876
2,546

57, 635
2,541

57, 477
2,540

6 57, 355
2,540

7,453
13.0
158
297
181

7,681
13.4
120
369
36

7,106
12.4
153
306
46

78
58
. 1

69
39

334
55

£

132, 611
6.0
4,257

6
6
e
6

17, 249

6,517
6,514

7,109
6,963

7,811
7,633

7,614
7,239

7,818
7,363

3,320
3, 000

2,50"
2,345

39, 173
34, 145
5,028

36, 014
31, 590
4,424

31, 671
27, 289
4,382

29, 317
25, 554
3,763

33, 123
29, 857
3,266

6,619
3,878
2,741

5,437
1,880
3,557

176

97

149

94
82

64
53

76
64

96
77

69
69

146
143

593, 324
131, 511

523, 623
112, 574

220, 766
49, 102

67,012
12,415

20,068
37, 636

22, 778
70, 783

28, 020
85, 946

5,086
56,339
18, 115

5,571
70, 551
11, 295

5,150
49, 429
9,135

7,230
2,939

7,927
3,287

7,483
3,031

63
3.94

65
4.13

69
4.02

National parks:
Visitors
_ .
number
273, 059
Automobiles en tered
number. . 59, 412
Arrivals from abroad:
Immigrants
number
22, 490
United States citizens
number
28, 119
Departures abroad:
4,881
Emigrants
number
42, 846
United States citizens
number
Passports issued
number. . 29, 508
Pullman company operations:
7,763
Revenue
_
thous. of dolls..
3,000
Passengers carried
thousands
Trend of business in hotels:
66
Room occupancy
per ct. of capacity. _
3.97
Averaee sale Der occunied room.__ dollars. _
s Revised.



105, 017
54, 263
21, 128

471
311
87

+15.7
+10.8
+226. 5
688 +46.1
570 +83.3
38 -56.3

174

184

+5.7

26, 271

83, 662

36, 15"
35, 108

57, 403
54, 363

+218. 5
+58.8
+54.8

1,190
2,600
253

+2.7 +211. 8
+1.7 +214. 0

1,377
2,881
826

+13.0
+16.8
-13.2

-8.2
-8.9

1,760

1,156

68
68

-28.1
-10.4 !

+1.5
+1.5

885
215

821
753

-34.3
-7.2
+250. 2

222, 698
44, 873

68,997
10, 466

-69.6
-74.7

-2.9
+18.6

1,979,397
338, 126

2,006,922
423,470

+1.4
+25.2

29, 317
80, 233

29, 917
49, 831

7 217, 218
7 350, 659

7 202, 837
7375,982

8,093
42, 105
8,056

7,479
34, 643
8,494

7 5$, 307
7 369, 776
171,813

7 40, 333
7 365, 074
180, 175

7,297
3,081

6,650
2,738

761,916
7 25, 962

7 63, 355
7 25, 546

-6.6
+7.2
-27.1
-1.3
+4.9
+2.3
-1.6

68
3.98

72
4.07

56

51

8,485

75
4.11

-7. 1

-0. 1

1
+8. 7
+2.2

7 Cumulative through Sept. 30.

+4. 2
+1.0

1

-

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

June

July

August

September

October

September

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

1939

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

1928

1929

Per ct.
increase
(+
}
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

TBANSPORTATION-Continued
Warehouses
Public merchandise warehouses,
space occupied
.per ct. of total .

71.0

71.2

671.9

74.4

66.1

66.4

74, 622
18, 194

75, 141
15, 905

75,898
17,601

75, 606
18, 197

68,432
16,496

72, 464
18, 565

11,396
14, 446
1,516

11,679
14, 843
1,528

12,067
15, 316
1,688

11, 531
14, 751
1,724

11,010
13,911
1,918

11, 765
14,928
2,247

183, 000
79,000

178,000
71,000

179, 500
73,000

185, 000
80,000

179, 346
68,236

190,796
73,671

744, 310
8.228

722, 289
8.244

724, 812
8.260

704, 818
8.260

717,810
8.121

795, 140
8,129

7,768
3,066
4,702

«8,013
e 3, 054
4,959

8 8, 285
6 2, 839
e 5, 446

7,998
2,479
5,519

7,276
2,788
4,488

7,922
2,873
5,049

768,263
7 26, 275
737,988

7 71, 688 +5.0
7 26, 505 +0.9
7 45, 195 +19.0

362
7,406

368
6 7, 645

390
6 7, 895

380
7,618

355
6,927

374
7,548

73,871
7 60, 439

7 3, 455 -10.7
7 68, 233 +12.9

1,377
1,360
119
162, 300

1,411
1,393
129
159,300

6 1, 447
61,428
6133

1,477
1,455
136

1,280
1,262
130
156, 100

1,460
1,439
155
164,900

711,588
711,436
7 1, 173

7 12, 902 +11.3
7 12, 681 +10.9
71,092 -6.9

135.2
123.5
142.0
129.5
128.4
134.2

129.0
113.4
141.3
120.5
114.7
129.4

128.2
108.7
135.5
127.9
132.7
127.0

135.8
118.2
140.6
138.0
126.3
143.1

134.6
126.2
136.9
133.0
131.2
133.8

134.5
115.3
149.7
136.0
127.5
150.8

132.0
119.3
143.5
133.4
129.7
148.7

PUBLIC UTILITIES
Telephone companies:
Operating revenues-thous. of dolls..
Operating income
thous. of dolls
Telegraph companies:
Commercial telegraph tolls. thous. of dolls. .
Operating revenues _ . . thous. of dolls
Operating income
thous. of dolls
Gas and electric companies:
' Gross earnings. _
thous. of dolls
Net earnings
thous. of dolls
Electric railways (212 companies) :
Passengers carried
thous. of persons-Average fare- _
cents..

774, 466
8,272

7609,002
7 149, 041

672, 976 +10.5
61, 390 +8.3

7 96, 874
7121,259
7 15, 576

7 103, 163
7130,820
714,910

7, 712, 505

7, 599, 377

+6.5
+7.9
-4.3
7 1, 638, 724! 7 1, 697, 250 +3.6
7 622, 668 7 731, 500 +17.5
+9.9
+0.1

-2.6
+1.8

-1.5

ELECTRIC POWER
Electric power production:
United StatesTotal mills ofkw hours
By water power... mills, of kw. hours..
By fuels
_
mills, ofkw. hours..
In street railways,
manfg. plants,
etc
mills, ofkw. hours..
In central stations-mills, ofkw. hours..
CanadaTotal
mills, ofkw. hours..
By water power. ..mills, ofkw. hours..
Exported
mills, of kw. hours
Electric power, gross revenue. -thous. of dolls. _
Consumption of electrical power:
By geographic divisionsUnited States
rel to 1923-25
New England _
rel. to 1923-25
North Central
rel to 1923-25
Middle Atlantic
rel. to 1923-25
Southern
_
rel. to 1923-25
Western
rel to 1923-25
By industryAll industry
rel to 1923-25
Chemicals and allied
products
rel. to 1923-25
Food and kindred
products
rel. to 1923-25
Rolling mills and steel
plants
rel to 1923-25
Metal-working plants rel to 1923-25
Metal groups
rel to 1923-25
Leather and its
products
rel. to 1923-25
Lumber and its
products
rel. to 1923-25
Paper and pulp
rel to 1923 25
. Rubber and its
products
rel. to 1923-25
Shipbuilding
rel to 1923-25
Stone, clay and glass rel. to 1923-25
Textiles
rel. to 1923 25
Automobiles, including
repair parts
rel to 1923-25

-0.9
+6.8
-2.6
-3.6
+3.9
-6.5

+2.0
+5.8
-4.6
-0.3
+1.2
-10.0

135.2

129.0

128.2

135.8

134.6

134.6

132.0

-0.9

+2.0

133.8

127.0

125.0

139.9

145.0

132.0

129.4

+3.6

+12.1

121.8

129.9

132.2

141.2

131.7

142.0

138.0

-6.7

-4.6

154.3
143.4
147.9

144.4
144.4
144.2

150.9
134.6
140.7

152.3
147.4
149.2

144.8
145.0
145.1

141.2
144.2
143.0

144.7
144.5
144.6

-4.9
-1.6
—2 7

+0.1
+0.3
+0.3

98.7

82.0

102.2

105.4

93.0

106.9

103.8

-11.8

-10.4

113.8
137.3

' 103.2
122.3

102.3
123.6

111.4
127.0

109.8
141.0

111.3
132.0

109.3
133.3

-1.4
+11.0

+0.5
+5.8

158.1
106.9
170.3
123.0

136.7
107.7
154.7
113.4

120.2
96.3
157.7
110.0

133.7
114.9
165.7
115.5

135.1
134.4
159.2
129.8

151.2
72.3
152.0
112.5

146.4
73.8
144.7
121.0

+1.0
+17.0
-3.9
+12.4

-7.7
+82.1
+10.0
+7.3

154.0

139.5

143.0

138.1

122.4

161.0

141.2

-11.4

—13 3

77.0
87.3
102
86
81
129.7
93.0
103.4
100.3
116
124.2
43, 761
483, 142
34, 984

77.8
87.7
103
87 I
84
133.2
93.0
105.1
99.2
116
125.0
43, 736
485, 330
38, 978

79.8
89.3
104
88
85
133. 4 :
94.2
105.8
97.7
115
124.0
41, 555
494, 311:
38, 239

79.6
89.7
103
87
83
133.6
93.1
103.8
98.1

75.6
84.3
94
81
77
124.0
89.0
97.7
97.1
109
114.5
38, 077
466, 357
30, 812

78.8
86.0
95
82
74
126.0
90.4
97.8
97.0
110
110.6
38, 090
475, 753
31, 960

14, 398
965
100.2
95.5
111
88
84
102.7

14, 599
1,074
105.3
96.8
lie
93
9C
106. C

15, 063
1,015
99.2
99.9
116
91
88
105. C

EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES
Employment in factories:
77.2
Massachusetts
rel to 1919-23
New York State
rel. to 1923
87.6
New Jersey
rel. to 1923
101
86
Pennsylvania
rel to 1923
Delaware
rel. to 1923 i
78
Iowa
rel. to 1923
130.8
Maryland
rel. to 1924
93.9
104.1
Illinois
rel to 1925-27
98.2
Wisconsin
rel. to 1923
116
Ohio
rel. to 1923
123.9
Cleveland
rel to Jan 1921
43,814
Milwaukee
number
484, 637
New York State
number
36, 795
Oklahoma
*
number
Total pay roll:
14, 549
New York State ( weekly) .thous. of dolls ..
1,005
Oklahoma (weekly)
thous of dolls
Wisconsin
rel. to 1923
107.0
New York State
rel < to 1923
96.5
114
New Jersey
rel to 1923
93
Pennsylvania
rel to 1923
Delaware
rel to 1923
86
107. o
Illinois
rel. to 1925-27.. !
8
Revised.




-0.3 +1.0
+0.4 +4.3
+8.4
-1.0
-1.1 +6.1
-2.4 +12.2
+0.1 +6.0
+3.0
-L9 +6.1
+0.4
+1.1
1

0

-2.3
+0.5

+6.6
+4.4

14, 168
13, 862
-0.8
868
865
110.2
106.5
+6.9
106.0
94.0
92.0
-0.8
99.1
102
105
+1.7
118
87
+2.2
83
93
78
77
+2.3
90
97.1
98.3
105. 8
+0.8
7 Cumulative through Sept. 30.

+5.4

40, 599
496, 578
14, 938

-3.8
+5.4
+12.4 !
+6.9 i
+15.4
+7.6

43

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

June

July

PEE CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

August

September

October

September

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1928

1929

Per ct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES— Contd.
Employment,
Canada)
rel to calendar vear 1926
Ohio, construction
rel to 1923
Employment, trade-unions:
United States
per cent of total
Canada
per cent of total
-Anthracite mines:
Employment
rel. to 1923-25
Pay roll
rel to 1923-25
Federal civilian employees,
Washington, D. C., end month
number. _
Average weekly earnings, factories:
Illinois
dollars. .
New York State
dollars
Wisconsin
dollars
Oklahoma
dollars
Massachusetts
rel to 1914
New York
rel. to 1914
New Jersey
rel. to 1913
Pennsylvania
rel to 1923
Delaware
rel. to 1923
Illinois
rel to 1925-27
Wisconsin
rel to 1923
Average weekly earnings (National Industrial
Conference Board) :
Grand total (both sexes)
dollars. .
Total male
dollars
Skilled male
dollars
Unskilled male
dollars
Total women
dollars
Average weekly hours:
Nominal (both sexes)
hours
Actual (both sexes)
hours
Wages, road labor, by districts:
New England
cents per hour
Middle Atlantic
cents per hour
South Atlantic
cents per hour
East South Central
cents per hour
West South Central
cents per hour
East North Central
cents per hour
West North Central
cents per hour
Mountain
cents per hour
Pacific
cents per hour
United States, average
cents per hour..
Wage rates, U. S. Steel Corp._.cents per hour..
Wages, steel sheet workers per cent of base..
Applicants per 100 jobs, employment agencies:
United States
number
Eastern States
number
Central States
number..
Southern States
number
Western States
number
Illinois
number
Wisconsin
number
Canada
number

122.2
132.9

124.7
139.6

127.8
141.3

126.8
136.5

125.6

119.1
135.0

118.8
137.7

-0.9

+5.7

91.0
97.1

91.0
97.0

91.0
96.5

90.0
96.3

89.0

90.0
97.8

91.0
96.9

—1.1

-2.2

95.4
71.0

85.6
56.8

93.6
68.9

105.5
83.4

109.8
116.6

112.7
112.5

135.9
134.7

63,904

£3, 372

63, 632

63, 516

63,713

62, 010

62, 016

+0.3

+2.7

29.46
30.02
26.03
27.31
231.5
240.5
113
108
108
103.8
109.0

28.16
29.80
23.96
27.57
231.0
238.8
110
101
102
99.2
100.0

28.57
30.08
26.51
27. 55
234.2
241.0
113
107
105
» 100. 7
106.3

25.40
30.47
25.17
26.50
234.4
244.2
112
104
103
89.5
101.6

26.09
30.08
26.70

28.31
29.72
26.30
28.08
230.9
238.1
110
101
101
99.8
109.7

28.57
29.78
27.25
27.16
230.2
238.6
112
106
104
100.7
113.7

+2.7
-1.3
+6.1

-8.7
+1.0
-2.0

-1.2
-1.3
+2.7
+2.9
+3.9
+2.8
+6.4

+0.6
+1.0
+2.7
+0.9
+2.9
-8.6
-4.9

28.28
31.16
32.66
25.45
17.86

28.09
31.01
32.52
25.23
17.54

27.94
30.69
32.18
25.09
17.47

28.58
31.56
33.06
25.82
17.81

27.76
30.93
32.42
25.27
17.33

27.76
30. 70
32.26
24.72
17.34

49.7
48.5

49.6
48.8

49.4
48.4

49.6
49.0

49.8
48.2

49.6
48.0

51
42
29
26
32
38
37
47
52
40
50
127.0

49
42
30
25
30
40
36
47
53
39
50
127.0

51
42
30
25
30
39
37
48
52
40
50
127.0

51
43
29
25
31
39
37
48
54
41
50
127.0

51
42
27
26
30
38
37
48
53
40
50
127.0

48
42
24
25
26
38
39
52
54
43
50
125.5

51
41
26
26
30
40
39
49
54
42
50
125.5

0.0
-2.3
-6.9
+4.0
-3.2
-2.6
0.0
0.0
-1.9
-2.4
0.0
0.0

0.0
+2.4
+3.8
0.0
0.0
-5.0
-5.1
-2.0
-1.9
-4.8
0.0
+1.2

128
127
140
185
71
139
120
130

131
139
141
174
83
148
115
134

124
136
135
178
75
137
117
119

114
121
132
148
67
136
117
129

127
132
148
164
71
147

117
128
133
142
62
133
116
123

+11.4
+9.1
+12.1
+10.8
+6.0
+8.1

+8.5
+3.1
+11.3
+15.5
+14.5
+10.5

143

107
120
126
91
63
130
104
110

+10.9

+16.3

51.1
39.5
5.4
6.2
60.9

46.5
35.7
5.0
5.8
61.4

48.5
38.4
4.8
5.3
54.3

850.6
638.2
6.3
«6.1
659.7

41.9
28.0
9.2
4.7
44.7

50.6
40.3
5.0
5.3
56.9

41.9
31.9
4.7
5.3
57.1

-17.2
-26.7
+46.0
-23.0
-25.1

0.0
-12.2
+95.7
-11.3
-21.7

671
71
875
54, 584 6 21, 872 6 13, 245
1, 526, 627 1, 116, 557 a 530, 023

74
16, 415
413, 928

231.6
241.0
115
107
107
92.0
108.1

+4.1 -19.2
+39.8 -13.4

Factory Labor Turnover
(Percentage of number on pay roll)
Departures:
Total
per cent
Voluntary quits—per cent
Lay offs
per cent
Discharges
per cent
Accessions
per cent
Industrial disputes:
Disputes
Workers involved
Man-days lost in month

(annual basis)
(annual basis) __
(annual basis)
(annual basis)
(annual basis)
number
number
number

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT
Retail Sales
Mail-order houses:
Total sales, 2 houses
___thous. of dolls..
Sears, Roebuck & Co
thous. of dolls.
Montgomery Ward & Co. -thous. of dolls. .
Ten-cent chain stores:
Total sales (4 chains)
thous. of dolls. _
Total stores operated (4 chains) . .number..
F. W. Woolworth & Co thous. of dolls..
Stores operated
number
S S Kresge Co
thous of dolls
Stores operated
number
McCrory Stores Corp
thous. of dolls..
Stores operated
number
S. H. Kress & Co
thous. of dolls. .
Stores operated
number
Metropolitan
. thous. of dolls .
Stores operated
number
F. & W. Grand
thous. of dolls
Stores operated
number
W. T. Grant Co
thous. of dolls. .
Stores ooerated— _
number..
« FRASER
Digitized forRevised.


34
42
41,474
62, 862
2,571,982 1, 304, 913

57, 702
35, 748
21, 954

53, 309
33, 501
19, 808

60, 088
35, 133
24, 955

63, 078
36, 950
26, 128

79, 256
47, 075
32, 181

50, 814
30, 004
20, 810

63, 587
37, 002
26, 585

44, 401
2,744
23, 609
1,775
12, 572
537
3,335
238
4,885
194
1,467
120
1, 889
89
5,374
241

42, 604
2,767
22,522
1,789
11,687
542
3,300
239
5,095
197
1,337
123
1,635
90
4, 524 i
244 !

46, 613
2,787
24, 446
1,802
13, 001
547
3, 853
240
5, 317
198
1,612
131
1,731
89
5,066
252

6 43, 169
2,816
22, 253
1,815
11,971
560
3,582
241
5,363
200
l,47l|
134
1,731
90
4,777
258'

51, 061
2,834
27, 678
1,823
13, 761
568
3,798
243
5,824
200
1,663
141
2,016
91
6,164
263

42,906
2,586
22, 637
1,698
11,914
474
3,344
224
5,011
190
1,109
100
1,443
76
4,708

48, 992
2,615
6 26, 896
1,718
12, 925
481
3,471
224
5,701
192;
6 1, 231!
104
1,756;
SO
5,418i
203;

199;

571, 267 +28.9
345, 387 +28.7
225, 880 +29. 1

+25.6 +24.6
+27.4 +27.2
+23.2 +21.0

443, 314
268, 367
174,947

+4.2
+8.4
+2.9
+6.1
+6.5
+18.1
+9.4
+8.5
+2.2
+4.2
+35.1
+35.6
+14.8
+13.8
+13.8
+29.6

403, 502

434, 702

+7.7

217, 206

232, 707

+7.1

109, 485

118, 065

+7.8

+18.3
+0.6
+24.4
+0.4
+15.0
+1.4
+6.0
+0.8
+8.6
0.0
+13.1
+5.2
+16.5
+1.1
+29.0
+1.9

30, 372

33, 562 +10. 5

47,440

50, 372

9,513

+6.2

12, 870 +35.3

+34.9

12, 053

16,261

39, 144

47,400 +21.1

44

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929
The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

June

July

August

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

September

October

September

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1938

1929

Per ct,
increase
or de^
crease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT— Con.
Retail Sales—Continued
Restaurant chains:
Total sales (3 chains).
thous. of dolls __
Stores operated
number
Childs Co., sales
_ thous. of dolls
Stores operated
number. _
J. R. Thompson Co., sales. thous. of dolls..
Stores operated
number. _
Waldorf Wystem (Inc.),
sales _
_.thous. of dolls..
Stores operated
number. _
Other chain stores:
Isaac Silver & Bros
thous. of dolls..
Stores operated
number
J. C. Penny Co
thous. of dolls..
Stores operated
number
G. C Murphy Co
thous of dolls
Stores operated.
number ..
Installment sales in New England
dept. stores; ratio to total sales
per cent__

4,763
374
2,177
114
1,313
124

4,821
372
2,259
114
1,302
124

5,151
369
2,478
113
1,331
122

4,953
367
2,348
112
1,282
122

2,412
109

4,591
366
2,191
113
1,185
121

4,802
367
2,266
110
1,269
123

+2.7
-2.7

+6.4
-0.9

21, 850

22, 816

+4.4

1,273
136

1,260
134

1,342
134

1,323
133

1,477
143

1,215
132

1,267
134

+11.6
+7.5

+16.6

12, 065

13, 233

+9.7

613
39
17, 121
1,215
1,229
145

650
41
14, 554
1,215
1,148
145

718
43
16, 491
1,292
1,273
148

679
43
18, 243
1,337
1,336
150

919
45
23,302
1,373
1,403
150

512
29
16, 478
1,006
1,046
119

610
30
6 19, 447
1,020
1,056
120

+35.3
+4.7
+27.7
+2.7
+5.0
0.0

+50.7
+50.0
+19.8
+34.6
+32.9
+25.0

4,676

6, 132 +31.1

132, 289

153, 237 +15. 8

' 8, 537

11, 616 +36.1

4.1

6.7

12.5

7.6

8.2

9.0

2,895
17, 756
101, 200

2,346
15, 437
83, 930

1,978
12, 076
85, 136

2,542
16, 063
105, 702

3,046
19, 750
118, 616

+19.8
+23.0
+12.2

+4.9
+0.8
+5.9

157, 407
971, 287

1,309

1,312

1,330

1,599

1,948

+21.8

+43.0

7,985

14, 851 +86.0

Advertising
Magazine advertising
thous. of lines..
Magazine advertising, total cost.thous. of dolls. _
Newspaper advertising
_ .thous. of lines __
Radio broadcast:
Cost of facilities
thous. of dolls _ _
National advertising in newspapers:
Total
thous. of lines _
Passenger cars
thous of lines
Tires, trucks, and
accessories
thous of lines
Financial
thous. of lines
Building materials
thous of lines
Electrical appliances
supplies
_.
.thous. of lines. .
Foods and beverages
thous. of lines ._
Heating and plumbing
equipment
-thous. of lines..
Medical
.
thous. of lines .
Radio
thous of lines
Tobacco
thous. of lines..
Toilet requisites
thous . of lines _ _
Transportation
thous. of lines..
All other. . . .
. thous. of lines _ _
Postal Business
Postal receipts:
50 selected cities
thous. of dolls. .
50 industrial cities _
_ .thous. of dolls..
Money orders:
Domestic issued (50 cities)—
Quantity _
thousands
Value
thous. of dolls
Domestic paid (50 cities)—
Quantity __
thousands __
Value
thous. of dolls
Air mail, weight dispatched _ _
_. pounds ._

814

1,362

166, 201
1, 015, 964

+5.6
+4.6

56, 118
6,603

48, 023
6,219

6 44, 095
7,088

52, 869
6,884

64, 037
7,396

43, 402
6,720

52, 955
6,523

+21.1
+7.4

+20.9
+13.4

424, 885
68, 199

504, 748 +18. S
73, 394 +7.6

7,926
7,485
632

7,565
8,672
275

6,745
6,304
274

5,502
7,457
775

5,719
8,812
769

4,696
5,821
811

5,022
7,193
821

+3.9
+18.2
-0.8

+13.9
+22.5
-6.3

43, 652
62, 246
5,818

54, 885 +25.7
74, 663 +19.9
6,101 +4.9

1,763
8,230

1,093
6,676

888
5,895

1,560
6,440

1,354
7,713

895
5,678

893
6,628

-13.2
+19.8

+51.6
+16.4

8,514
58, 607

11,854 +39.2
64,007 +9.2

381
2,830
1,885
4,264
3,123
4,667
6,291

319
2,285
2,515
2,484
2,592
3,756
3,572

422
2,190
3,017
2,107
2,372
3,121
2,672

6782
6 3, 019
6,205
3,217
3,020
2,321
5,686

817
5,595
7,109
4,617
3,807
2,530
7,800

979
2,920
3,759
2,006
2,139
1,734
5,245

879
5,224
3,924
2,653
3,831
1,996
7,366

+4.5
-7.1
+85.3 +7.1
+14.6 +81.2
+43.5 +74.0
+26.1
-0.6
+9.0 +26.8
+37.2 +5.9

5,064
35, 972
14, 376
27, 135
24, 692
23, 304
47, 240

5,147
40, 129
29, 576
32, 793
28, 376
28, 742
54,046

+1.6
+11.6
+105. 7
+20.9
+14.9
+23.3
+14.4

29, 280
3,061

29, 069
3,189

29, 251
3,289

30, 549
3,303

35, 743
3,737

29, 261
3,074

34, 196
3,583

+17.0
+13.1

+4.5
+4.3

305, 659
33, 036

314, 673
33, 701

+2.9
+2.0

3,545
36, 198

3,602
37, 120

3,510
37, 027

3,407
35, 916

3,843
39, 963

2,879
32, 382

3,669
37, 554

+12.8
+11.3

+4.7
+6.4

33, 673
343, 074

36, 525
371, 909

+8.5
+8.4

11, 223
86, 958
593, 254

10, 741
86, 573
645, 653

10, 862
10,328
88, 806
86, 974
701, 538 6 658, 984

12, 690
107, 699
701, 625

9,748
79, 877
423, 991

12, 020
99, 310
465, 635

+22.9
+23. 8
+6.5

+5.6
+8.4
+50.7

BANKING AND FINANCE
Life Insurance
(Association of Life Insurance Presidents}
Policies and certificates new (44 companies) :
Ordinary
number of policies _ _
277, 615 273, 099
273, 484
Industrial
number of policies
880, 770 809, 110 795, 451
Group
number of certificates .
66, 353
72, 923
40, 622
Total policies and certificates
number. . 1, 224, 738 1, 155, 132 1, 109, 557 6
Amount of new insurance (44 companies) :
Ordinary
thous. of dolls.. 750, 228 722, 451 698, 196
Industrial
thous. of dolls
242, 166
223, 680 219, 144
Group..
__
..thous. of dolls
106, 589
147, 658
99, 773
Total insurance
thous of dolls 1, 098, 983 1, 093, 789 1, 017, 113
Premium collections (44 companies) :
Ordinary
thous. of dolls..
158, 733
169, 773 154, 206
Industrial
thous. of dolls
55, 801
57, 932
56, 143
Group
thous of dolls
7,345
11, 494
7,129
Total..
_
thous. of dolls. . 221, 879 239, 199 217,478
Admitted life insurance assets (40 companies) :
Grand total
mills, of dolls..
13,469
13, 594
13, 691
Mortgage loansTotal
mills, of dolls..
5,792
5,849
5,887
Farm
mills, of dolls. .
1,599
1,607
1,600
All other
mills, of dolls..
4,193
4,242
4,287
Bonds and stocks (book value) :
Total...
mills, of dolls..
5,119
5,171
5,188
Government
mills, of dolls..
1,062
1,048
1,048
Railroad
_
mills, of dolls..
2,507
2,517
2,526
Public utility
mills, of dolls ..
1,261
1,267
1,274
All other.
mills, of dolls..
303
339
326
Policy loans and
premium notes
mills, of dolls. .
1,652
1,670
1,688
6
Revised.




2,302
6 2, 904
14, 349
19, 595
99, 839 6 112, 053

113, 330 +4.8
108, 147
892, 274 +6.0
841, 909
2, 576, 206 5, 836, 418 +126. 6

6245,042 289, 055
214, 010 263, 201 +18.0
+9.8 2, 436, 986 2, 687, 547 +10.3805, 623 879, 483
770, 416 946, 284
-7.1 8, 669, 891 9, Oil, 761 +3.9
+9.2
464,008 +19. a
21, 799
49, 062
52, 943
388, 799
18, 911 +125. 1 +159. 4
1,072, 464 1, 217, 600 1, 037, 369 1, 228, 396 +13.5 -0.9 11, 495, 176 12, 163, 316 +5.8
6 608, 869 707, 478
534, 112
221, 006
240, 489
198, 949
105, 393
75, 151
277, 943
6 905, 026 1, 053, 360 1, Oil, 004

659, 844
233, 530
72, 119
965, 493

+16.2
+8.8
+40.2
+16.4

+7.2 6, 721, 615 7, 256, 335 +8.0
+3.0 2, 243, 529 2, 414, 866 +7.6
938, 686 -11. 3
+46.1 1,058,429
+9.1 10, 023, 573 10,609,887 +5.8

169, 724
51, 705
8,497
229, 926

135, 743
49, 343
5,738
190, 824

154, 489
55, 961
6,447
216, 627

+18.6
-8.9
+31.0
+11.4

+9.9
-7.6
+31.8
+6.1

13, 798

12, 510

12,634

5,925
1,600
4,325

5,429
1,604
3,825

5,484
1,606
3,878

5,208
1,070
2,527
1,281
330

4,718
930
2,406
1,151
231

4,752
939
2,410
1,163
240

1,707

1,497

1,510

143, 078
56, 773
6,485
206, 336

1, 537, 150
516, 758
74,324
2, 127, 962

1, 639, 216 +6.6
548, 261 +6.1
91, 090 +22.6
2, 278, 567 +7.4

45
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

June

July

829, 202
334, 551
189, 447
125, 349
97, 104
82, 751
54, 700

796, 900
319, 437
182, 763
121, 224
90, 954
82, 522
56, 078

August

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

September

October

September

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

Per ct.
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1928

1929

BANKING AND FINANCE-Continued
Life Insurance— Continued
(Life Insurance Sales Research Bureau)
Sales of ordinary life insurance:
United States total
thous. of dolls
Eastern manuf. dist
thous. of dolls. _
Western manuf. dist thous. of dolls...
Western agric. district-.thous. of dolls. _
Southern district
thous. of dolls
Far western district
thous. of dolls _ _
Canada total, 15 companies_thous. of dolls. _

765, 702
300, 810
177, 990
116, 749
90, 526
79, 627
42, 468

677, 104
261, 657
161, 222
104, 534
77, 810
71,881
43, 911

787, 1331
309, 637
184, 974!
121, 985
89, 697
80, 840
52, 985!

578, 193
218, 788
136, 379
90, 916
71, 371
60, 739
38, 872

764, 577
318, 574
176, 739
112, 916
85, 408
72, 940
55, 743

+16.2 +3.0
+18.3 -2.2
+14.7 +4.7
+16.7 +8.0
+15.3 +5.0
+12.5 +10.8
+20.7 -4.9

7, 328, 122 7, 942, 407 +8.4
2, 998, 291 3, 245, 561 +8.2
1, 638, 420 1,836,694 +12. 1
1, 107, 889 1, 164, 539 +5.1
897, 141 +3.7
865, 386
718, 136
798, 472 +11.2
502, 182 +7.0
469, 162

(Life Insurance Lapses) 9
Total
New England
Middle Atlantic
East No Central
West No Central
South Atlantic
East So Central
West So. Central
Mountain
Pacific

rel to 1925-26
rel to 1925-26
rel to 1925-26
rel to 1925-26
rel to 1925-26
rel. to 1925-26
rel to 1925-26
rel. to 1925-26
rel to 1925-26
rel. to 1925-26

2

295

102

2 112
2
107
2
96
2
105
2109
2
91
2
105
2
99

2
87
103
2109
2
93
2
88
2
90

2

+7 4
+8.9
+13.1
+ 12.6
+10 3
+1.9
00
-2.2
+19.3
+10.0

298
103
109
104
289
2
101
2
101
2
86
2
96
294
2
2
2

2 110

2 101
299
2
95

+4.1
+6.8
+2.8i
+2.9
+7 9
+4.0
+7 9
+5.8
+9.4
+5.3

!

1

|

Banking
Check payments:
New York City
mills, of dolls..
Outside New York City
mills, of dolls..
Canada
mills, of dolls._
Federal reserve banks:
Bills discounted
mills of dolls
Notes in circulation
mills, of dolls
Total investments
mills of dolls
Total reserve.
mills, of dolls
Total deposits
_ .mills, of dolls. _
Reserve ratio
per cent
Federal reserve member banks:
Total loans and discounts mills, of dolls
Total investments
mills of dolls
Net demand deposits
mills of dolls
Brokers' loans, end of month:
To N. Y. Stock Ex. membersTotal
mills of dolls
Ratio to market value
per cent
By New York F. R. member
banks
mills of dolls
Interest rates:
Time loans, 90 days
per cent
Call loans, renewal
per cent
Prime com. paper (4-6 mos.)
per cent
Prime bankers' acceptances
per cent..
N. Y. Fed. Res. Bank (redisc.) per cent
Federal land banks
per cent
Intermediate credit banks
per cent
Deposits, New York State savings
banks, end of month
mills, of dolls

509, 634 +26.8
276, 876 +10.5
19, 966 +4.4

402, 014
250, 656
19, 127

43, 263
26, 423
1,817

49, 215
28, 444
2,108

49, 034
28, 339
1,937

50, 342
27, 314
1,884

63, 325
32, 261
2,461

38, 725
24, 450
1,681

45, 189
27, 705
2,395

+25.8 +40.1
+18.1 +16.4
+30.6 +2.8

1, 125
1, 736
226
3,041
2,438
72.9

1,076
1,779
232
3,109
2,398
74.4

974
1,829
328
3,149
2,348
75.4

931
1,851
484
3,141

M7l

991
1,880
658
3,177
2,696
69.4

1,026
1,704
545
2,751
2,414
66.8

932
1,710
671
2,773
2,419
67.2

+6.4 +6.3
+1.6 +9.9
+36.0 -1.9
+1.1 +14.6
+9.1 +11.5
-4.5 +3.3

16, 925
5,560
13, 293

17, 058
5,549
13, 395

16, 950
5,456
12, 985

17, 428
5,401
13, 295

18, 934
5,496
15, 110

15, 952
6,401
13, 226

16, 067
6,430
13, 368

+8.6 +17.81
+1.8 -14.5
+13.7 +13.0

7,071
9.15

7,473
8.87

7,882
8.79

8,549
9.82

6,109
8.51

5,513
9.29

6 5, 879
9.62

-28.5
-13.3

+3.9
-11.5

5,769

5,960

6,217

6,804

5,538

4,570

4,907

-18.6

+12.9

8.13
7.70
6.00
5.50
5.00
5.20
5.62

7.75
9.23
6.00
5.13
5.00
5.29
5.67

8.88
8.23
6.13
5.13
6.00
5.31
5.67

8.88
8.50
6.25
5.13
6.00
5.44
5.67

8.00
6.43
6.25
5.13
5.00
5.51
5.68

7.00
7.26
5.63
4.50
5.00
5.04
5.12

7.13
6.98
5.50
4.50
5.00
5.04
5.24

4,459

4,434

4,426

4,457

' 4,372

4,352

4,345

16, 931
52, 401
765, 882

16, 832
52, 144
169, 473

16, 805
56, 427
174, 502

16, 720
52, 612
670, 736

16, 698
57, 607
175, 998

17, 367
50, 410
557, 398

17, 544
59, 741
187, 627

-0.1
+9.5
-73.8

420, 473

349, 825

210, 725

399, 068

364, 678

482, 600

368, 653

-8.6

4,687

4,764

4,777

4,811

4,810

4,804

4,836

0.0

-0.5

100, 387
77, 029
6 889, 601 e 849, 553

121, 193
880, 690

83, 247
857, 731

121, 539
897, 720

+57.3
+3.7

-0.3
-1.9

801, 200
8, 626, 351

4,133
+0.3 +6.0
14, 331 +13.5 +48.8
992 +215. 8 +283.6

114, 357
536, 208

+9.0
+11.0

46, 120
17, 054

!
i

-9.9 +12.2
-24.4 -7.9
0.0 +13.6
0.0 +14.0
0.0
-16.7
+9.3
+1.3
+0.2 +8.4
-1.9

+0.6

Public Finance
Government debt, gross, end mo.mills of dolls..
Customs receipts
thous. of dolls __
Total ordinary receipts
thous of dolls
Expenditures chargeable to
ordinary receipts
thous. of dolls ..
U. S. money in circulation:
Daily average ._ _
. . mills, of dolls. ._

Gold and Silver
Gold:
Domestic receipts at mint fine ounces..
73, 468
Rand output
_ fine ounces.
856, 029
Monetary stock of U. S.—
D aily average
mills . of dolls _ _
4,311
Imports
thous. of dolls
30, 762
Exports
. thous. of dolls
550
Silver:
ProductionUnited States
thous. of fine oz._
4,976
Canada
thous of fine oz
1,146
Stocks, end of monthUnited States
thous. offineoz__
1,382
Canada
thous. of fine oz
543
Imports..
thous. of dolls..
5,022
Exports
thous. of dolls..
5,445
Price at New York.
dolls. DCT fine oz._
.524
2
Quarter ending in month indicated.




92, 256
889, 480

4,335
35, 525
6807

4,351
19, 271
881

4,368
e 18, 781
1,205

4,381
21, 321
3,805

4,125
4,273
3,810

4,523
1,910

6 5, 006
2,744

«4,634
6 2, 437

5,053
2,705

4,087
2,177

682
339
4,723
« 6, 795
.525

1,074
880
7,345
8,522
.526

1,112
914
4,111
4,374
.510

• Revised.

-4.8
471, 261
519, 274
-3.6
-6.2 3, 125, 787 3, 356, 320
-1.1 3, 154, 557

3, 136, 635

781, 858
8, 701, 339

+10.2
+7.4

-0.6

-2.4
+0.9

276, 405 +141. 7
13, 7474 -97.4
49, 706
18, 093

+7.8
+6.1

+30.5 +69.5
-46.5 -31.9
57, 551
+31.4 -26.2
54,316
71, 218
+67.2 +0.9
68, 360
-2.2 -14.1
• See table on p. 9 of the February, 1929, issue for earlier data.

-5.6
-4.0

1,451
489
5,403
7,314
.499

872
1,457
5,739
6,229
.575

4,352
2,051
856
718
7,319
7,252
.581

+16.1
+31.9

46

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

June

July

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1938

August

Septem- October
ber

Septem- October
ber

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1928

1929

Perci
increase
( }

or t
decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

BANKING AND FINANCE— Continued
Business Failures
Liabilities (United States):
Total commercial
thous of dolls
Manufacturers
thous. of dolls
Trade establishments _ _ thous. of dolls..
Agents and brokers
thous. of dolls..
Liabilities (Canada)
thous. of dolls..
Firms (United States):
Total commercial.. number
Manufacturers
number. .
Trade establishments
number. .
Agents and brokers
number..
Firms (Canada)
number
By groups:
Manufacturers —
Metals
number . .
Textiles
number. .
Lumber
number .
Chemicals
number..
Printing and engraving
number..
Foodstuffs.
number..
Leather etc
number
Liquors and tobacco
number
Stone clay, and glass
number
All other
number..
TradersGeneral stores
number..
Foods and tobacco - number. .
Clothing
number
Household furniture
number..
Chemicals and paints
number..
Books and paper
number
All other
number. .

31, 375
12, 721
13, 931
4,723
3,758

32, 426
12, 767
14, 605
5,053
2,441

33, 746
13, 857
16,002
3,888
1,376

34, 125
14, 914
16, 660
2,551
2,423

31, 314
12, 071
14, 464
4,778
2,577

33, 957
14, 727
13, 567
5,662
2,632

34, 990
13, 490
17, 268
4,232
2,504

-8.2
-19.1
-13.2
+87.3
+6.4

-10.5
-10.5
-16.2
+12.9
+2.9

408, 184
149, 249
189, 144
69, 790
30, 185

363, 741 -10.9139, 289 -6.7
180, 060 -4.8
44, 393 -36. 4
24, 817 -17.8

1,767
496
1,154
117
154

1,752
461
1,190
101
176

1,762
482
1,163
117
132

1,568
427
1,039
102
164

1,822
483
1,211
128
178

1,635
454
1,073
108
119

2,023
528
1,369
126
159

+16.2
+13.1
+16.6
+25.5
+8.5

-9.9
-8.5
-11.5
+1.6
+11.9

20, 061
4,907
13, 945
1,203
1,486

-4.9
19,076
4,967
+1.2
12, 907
-7.4
1, 202 -0.1
1,651 +11.1

40
47
107
19
23
45
12
3
6
194

39
63
88
6
15
31
10
7
9
193

35
48
102
11
11
34
4
6
6
225

29
48
77
8
10
38
11
3
9
194

35
66
94
3
10
36
17
4
8
210

35
74
73
8
6
24
15
4
3
212

33
79
94
13
18
47
14
6
7
217

+20.7
+37.5
+22.1
-62.5
0.0
-5.3
+54.5
+33.3
-11.1
+8.2

+6.1
-16.5
0.0
-76.9
-44.4
-23. 4
+21.4
-33.3
+14.3
-3.2

367
639
758
79
152
421
131
57
81
2,222

352
-4.1
580 -9.2
941 +24.1
102 +29.1
150 -1.3
397 -5.7
127 -3.1
63 +10.5.
82 +1.2
2,173 -2.2

68
373
202
200
50
13
248

68
406
201
180
54
5
276

72
399
163
179
64
15
271

60
363
168
127
54
11
256

78
408
191
167
86
10
271

60
376
168
187
43
13
226

87
503
225
190
78
10
276

+30.0
+12.4
+13.7
+31.5
+59.3
-9. 1
+5.9

-10.3
-18.9
-15.1
-12.1
+10.3
0.0
-1.8

838
4,300
2,703
2,392
676
125
2,908

848 +1.2
4,132 -3.9
2,211 -18.2
7 4
2,216
633 -6.4.
121 -3.2
-5.6
2,746

thous. of dolls
thous. of dolls

558, 200
386, 400

863, 356
515, 156

377,000
201, 000

480, 600
292, 000

737, 450
424, 650

413, 250 6 624, 400
388, 600
262, 000

+53.4
+45.4

+18.1
+9.3

5, 027, 264
3, 086, 354

5, 723, 951 +13.9
3, 433, 851 +11. 3

thous. of dolls
thous. of dolls..
thous of dolls
thous. of dolls

171, 800
136, 000
29,300
6,500

348, 200
250, 000
55,000
13, 100

176, 000
132,000
37, 100
6,900

188, 600
152, 000
29,500
7,100

312, 800
241, 500
43, 900
15, 900

151, 250 6 235, 800 +65.9
121, 100 6 6175, 900 +58.9
23,400
36, 800 +48.8
6
6,750
11, 100 +123. 9

+32.7
+37.3
+19.3
+43.2

1, 940, 910
1, 426, 480
325, 280
97,150

2, 290, 100 +18.0
1, 712, 800 +20.1
368, 400 +13. 3106,400 +9.5-

144, 626
6,000
630, 102

860, 747

20,250
13, 168
15, 000
8,000
776, 222 1, 507, 376

60,000
3,500
757, 254

108, 949
43,500
428, 184

65, 121 +355. 7
36, 750 -56.2
655, 604 -49.8

-7.9
-90.5
+15.5

1, 254, 665
620, 120
5, 999, 083

628,54 -49. 9
68,250 -89. 0<
9, 413, 451 +56. &

613, 880
16, 222

801, 453
59, 294

751, 177 1, 200, 784
25, 045
306, 592

724, 166
33, 088

391, 158
37, 026

600, 473
55, 131

-39.7
-89.2

+20.6
-40.0

3, 381, 037
1, 618, 046

8, 421, 923 +149. 1
1, 288, 523 -20.4

357, 982
272, 120

648, 504
212, 243

658, 090 1, 265, 387
118, 132
241, 989

471, 166
286, 088

172, 047
256, 137

390, 610
264, 994

-62.8
+18.2

+20.6
+8.0

2, 434, 818
3, 564, 265

6, 635, 251 +172. 5<
2, 908, 200 -18.4

91, 350
129, 552
105, 205
45, 641
40, 843
217, 511

27, 580
319, 796
127, 621
17, 639
41, 269
326, 844

660
111, 865
91, 282
2,105
35, 503
534, 808

81, 520
380, 291
280, 078
51, 000
6,501
707, 987

57, 220
102, 356
98, 202
109, 680
23, 723
306, 075

45, 830 -29.8
214, 466 -73.1
114, 233 -64.9
7,000 +115. 1
85, 627 +264. 9
163, 749
-56.8

+24.9
-52.3
-14.0

-72.3
+86.9

590, 461
2, 281, 967
1, 173, 345
109, 327
692, 128
1, 132, 926

618, 229
2, 332, 007
1, 928, 592
460, 195
495, 220
3, 463, 982

+4.7
+2.2'
+64.4
+320. 9
-28. 4
+205. 8

162, 168
48, 109

6 86, 745
59, 321

6 80, 415 6 100, 575
86, 164 « 95, 978

118, 285
3,655

+20.4
-95.6

1, 099, 854
676, 114

1, 096, 913
700, 321

-0.3+3.6-

Dividend and Interest Payments
Grand total
Interest payments
Dividend payments:
Total
Industrial and misc
Steam railroads
Street railways

New Security Issues
Foreign loans in the U. S
thous. of dolls..
Foreign governments .
thous. of dolls
Total corporation
thous. of dolls..
Purpose of issue—New capital
thous of dolls
Refunding
thous. of dolls. .
Type of securityStocks
thous of dolls
Bond and notes
thous. of dolls
Class of industryRailroads
. . ..thous. of dolls..
Public utilities
thous. of dolls
Industrials
thous. of dolls
Oil
._
_ -thous. of dolls..
Land and buildings
thous. of dolls..
Shipping and misc
tLous. of dolls. .
States and municipalities:
Permanent loans.
thous. of dolls..
Temporary loans—
thous. of dolls .
Bond issues (Canada):
Govt. and provincial
thous. of dolls..
Municipal
thous. of dolls
Corporation.
.
thous. of dolls..
Tax-exempt securities outstanding, end of month .
mills of dolls

48, 703

202, 239
98, 234
57, 517
70, 194
70, 170
73, 419

98, 233
82, 552

+17.6
-96.2

7
7

9,733
260
11, 980

24, 060
5, 144
15, 396

16, 897

6 16, 954

+0.5

+8 4

Loans outstanding, end mo.:
Federal farm loan banks thous. of dolls 1, 204, 916 1, 204, 363 1, 203, 806 1, 202, 490 1, 200, 932 1, 189, 345 1, 190, 278
Joint stock land banks
thous. of dolls. . 597, 956 596, 403 594, 876 593, 388 590, 507
608, 451
607, 632
Federal intermediate credit
68, 882
72, 204
banks
_
. thous. of dolls .
68, 101
68, 981
75, 373
68, 619
76, 547

-0.1
—0.5

+0.9
-2.8

+4.4

-1.5

-11.8
-6.5
-15.2
-0.9

+34.9
+15.3
-10.9 |
— 1* 1

5,226
7,363
16, 080

1,537
39, 525

1,449
693

8,257
3,760
5,147

17, 523

17, 556

17, 635

18, 277

18, 377

7

Agricultural Finances

Stocks and Bonds
Stock prices, average daily closing:
372. 70
25 industrials, average
dolls, per share..
134. 37
25 railroads, average
.dolls, per share..
103 stocks, average
dolls, per share
82.50
Southern cotton mills
dolls, per share..
95.15
6 Rev LS6d.




414. 04
149. 27
86.25
92.45

431. 20
151. 29
90.35
90.41

448. 78
152. 26
82.47
89.37

395. 95
142. 30
69.91
88.61

283. 99
124.82
78.49
103. 31

293.51
123. 40
78.45
103. 19

"Cunlulative th rough Sept . 30.

59, 503
17, 370
222, 724

7
7
7

68, 466 +15. 1
67, 744 +290. (>
159, 793 — 28. 3<

47

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1939

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928
i

June

July

August

Septem- October
ber

September

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

1928

1929

Per ct.
increase

(

~y

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1929
from
1928

BANKING AND FINANCE-Contimied
Stocks and Bonds— Continued
Stock prices, average weekly closing:
Industrials, rails, and utilities
(405)...
rel. to 1926
All industrial (338)
rel. to 1926. _
All railroads (33)
_
_rel. to 1926__
All utilities (34)
rel. to 1926
Automobiles and trucks (13) ...rel. to 1926..
Automobile tires and rubber
goods (7)
__rel. to 1926..
Airplane (10) ._
rel. to 1926..
Agricultural implements (4).._rel. to 1926. .
Chain stores (17)
rel. to 1926..
Copper and brass (9)
... __rel. to 1926
Food, other than meat (20) rel. to 1926. _
Machinery and machine
equipment (10) ._
rel. to 1926
Oil producing and refining (16).rel. to 1926..
Railroad equipment (9)
rel. to 1926. .
Rayon (5)..
__
rel. to 1928..
Steel and iron (10).
rel. to 1926..
Textiles (30)
rel. to 1926 .
Theaters, motion pictures, and
amusements (7)__
rel. to 1926.
Tobacco and tobacco products
(10)
rel to 1926
Traction, motor transportation,
etc. (9)
rel. to 1926
Stock yields:
Total common (90)
per cent..
Industrials (50)
per cent .
Public utilities (20)
...per cent..
Railroads (20)
- _ per cent
Preferred, high-grade industrial
(20)
. -.percent
Stock sales, N. Y. Stock Exch__thous. of shares. .
Bond sales:
Miscellaneous
thous of dolls
Liberty-Treasury
thous. of dolls..
Total
thous of dolls
Bond prices:
Highest-grade rails _p. ct. of par, 4% bond
Second-grade rails. .p. ct. of par, 4% bond..
Public utility
p. ct. of par, 4% bond
Industrial
p. ct. of par, 4% bond..
Comb, price index.. p. ct. of par, 4% bond
Bond prices, 1st of following month:
5 Liberty bonds
p. ct. of par..
16 foreign govt. and city
p. ct. of par._
Comb, price index, 6G bonds._p. ct. of par._
Bond yields:
Total, 60 high grade
.per cent..
Railroads (15)
per cent
Industrials (15)
_ per cent-Utilities (15)
per cent..
Municipal (15)
percent
Municipal bond yield (20)
per cent..
U. S. Treasury notes and
certificates, 3-6 months.
per cent.Liberty and Treasury bonds
per cent-Long-term real-estate bonds issued:
Grand total
thous. of dolls
Purpose of issue—
Jbmance construction.. .thous. of dolls..
Real-estate mortgage __ -thous. of dolls..
Acquisitions and
improvements
_ -thous. of dolls.
Kind of structure —
Office and commercial__thous. of dolls..
Hotels
thous. of dolls
Apartments
thous. of dolls. .

190.7
191.0
144.8
233.0
241.7

207.2
202.7
160.0
272.8
241.0

218.1
210.3
165.4
. 304. 3
240.8

225.2
216.1
168.1
321.0
240.9

201.6
194.4
157.0
276.5
195.6

156.6
162.2
129.6
155.8
270.0

159.1
166.2
128.2
154.5
283.6

-10.5
-10.0
-6.6
-13.9
-18.8

184.8
1, 069. 0
380.5
144.5
270.8
175.6

184.9
1, 131. 0
418.6
148.0
280.8
189.1

169.5
1, 130. 0
423.9
148.7
288.9
186.7

163.4
994.4
444.8
154.6
294.4
191.1

147.4
693.9
373.2
138.7
258.7
176.2

127.6
693.7
301.3
150.5
172.0
167.1

137.6
667.4
309.4
150.9
185.1
167.1

-9.8 +7.1
-30.2 +4.0
-16.1 +20.6
-10.3 -8.1
-12.1 +39.8
-7.8 +5.4

159.4
144.1
141.7
138.0
188.2
122.4

171.8
149.1
148.5
126.6
211.5
120.3

177.2
157.5
157.8
126.2
238.4
118.1

191.4
166.7
157.6
119.8
243.9
114.1

172.3
161.4
143.6
111.0
217.1
103.1

139.4
115.7
129.5
160.7
155.8
125.9

140.1
117.0
126.8
161.3
158.7
131.6

-10.0
-3.2
-8.9
-7.3
-11.0
-9.6

133.4

139.0

142.5

145.2

131.5

135.1

136.7

-9.4

-3.8

135.1

139.1

141.6

141.5

146.4

142.5

141.8

+3.5

+3 2

+26.7
+17.0
+22.5
+79.0
-31.0

+23.0
+37.9
+13.2
-31.2
+36.8
-21.7

-5.1 —16 5

83.7

83.0

83.1

84.7

80.4

99.5

96.3

3.38
3.51
2.22
4.62

3.16
3.36
1.95
4.17

3.01
3.26
1.78
4.04

2.92
3.19
1.69
3.96

3.32
3.60
2.02
4.26

3.78
3.72
3.14
4.98

3.72
3.61
3.19
5.03

+13.7
+12.9
+19.5
+7.6

-10.8
—0.3
-36.7
-15.3

5.49
69, 548

5.52
93,379

5.54
95, 705

5.52
100,056

5.54
141,668

5.41
90,907

5.44
99,077

+0.4
+41.6

+1.8
+43.0

712,279

227, 676
9,848
237, 524

295, 577
13, 330
308, 907

251, 287
8,510
259, 797

210, 995
9,267
220, 262

337, 374
15, 839
353, 213

190, 582
10, 467
201, 049

226,621
11, 949
238, 570

+59.9
+70.9
+60.4

+48.9
+32.6
+48.1

2, 382, 564
150, 799
2, 533, 363

2,365,714
111,040
2, 476, 754

-0.7
-26.4
-2. 2

86.37
78.59
74.32
75.29
78.37

86.06
78.55
73.25
75.24
77.99

85.98
77.25
, 73.14
74.54
77.43

85.51
77.64
73.13
73.84
77.23

86.69
79.35
73.31
74.88
78.23

91.05
82.51
79.51
78.18
82.53

90.72
81.98
81.12
78.34
82.79

+1.4
+2.2
+0.2
+1.4
+1.3

-4.4
-3.2
-9.6
-4.4

100.87
103. 30
97.69

luO. 64
103. 60
97.95

100. 61
103. 42
97.66

100. 34
103. 16
97.48

102. 20
102. 74
97.75

103. 11
104. 55
100. 40

103. 85
104. 59
100.53

+1.9
-0.4
+0.3

-1.6
-1.8
-2.8

4.73
4.65
5.09
4.90
4.26
4.33

4.73
4.67
5.09
4.90
4.28
4.41

4.74
4.67
5.09
4.89
4.31
4.41

4.76
4.71
5.12
4.90
4.32
4.49

4.73
4.66
5.08
4.91
4.29
4.37

4.57
4.43
4.95
4.73
4.17
4.16

4.57
4.43
4.95
4.74
4.17
4.16

-0.6
-1.1
-0.8
+0.2
-0.7
-2.7

+3.5
+5.2
+2.6
+3.6
+2.9
+5.0

4.89
3.71

4.49
3.68

4.59
3.72

4.53
3.70

4.37
3.67

4.57
3.54

4.70
3.55

-3.5
-0.8

-7.0
+3.4

20, 025

36, 790

28, 403

5,338

19, 275

52, 116

64, 864

+261. 1

-70.3

582, 953

317, 955

-45. 5

4,295
4, 800

24, 660
4,556

16, 108
8,485

950
188

13, 875
2,250

4,460
32, 955

33, 290
11, 898

-58.3
-81.1

227, 800
190, 227

127, 375 -44.1
79, 688 -58.1

7,485

2,390

105

200

200

530

1,509

0.0

-86.7

51, 267

53,005

+3.4

10, 845
700
2,200

24, 860
1,175
1,582

9, 875
9,995
1,588

880

2,510
400
270

15,018
9,900
8,423

+133. 0

215

2,050
11, 600
225

+4.7

-86.3
+17.2
-97.3

177, 689
44,460
38, 702

100, 235
36, 830
15,877

-43.6
-17. 2
-59. 0

4.85
.039
.052
.139
.402
.268
.192

4.85
.039
.052
.139
.401
.268
.192

4.85
.039
.052
.139
.401
.268
.192

4.85
.039
.052
.139
.401
.268
.193

4.87
.039
.052
.140
.403
.268
.193

4.85
.039
.052
.139
.401
. 208
.19?

4.85
.039
.052
.139 1
.401
.267
.192

+0.4
0.0
0.0
+0.7
+0.5
0.0
0.0

+0.4
0.0
0.0
+0 7
+0.5
+0.4
+0 5

.439
.360

.456
.360

.467
.360

.473
.360

.478
.362

.458
.363

.462
.365

+1.1
+0.6

+3 5 |
-0.8

.992
.953
.119
.120

.995
.954
.119
.120

.994
.954
.119
.121

.992
.953
.119
.121

.988
.950
.119
.121

1.000
.957
.119
.121

1.000
956
.120
.121

-0.4
—0 3
0.0
0.0

-.1.2 i
-06
-0.8
0.0

FOREIGN EXCHANGE SATES
Europe:
England
France
Italy
Belgium
Netherlands.
Sweden
Switzerland
Asia:
Japan
India
America:
Canadian
Argentina
Brazil.
Chile

dolls, per £ sterling
dolls, per franc
dolls, per lira
dolls per franc
dolls, per guilder. _
dolls, per krone
dolls per franc
dolls per yen
dolls per rupee
dolls, per Canadian doll..
dolls, per gold peso
-dolls, per milreis
...dolls, per paper peso..




968, 670 +36. 0

48
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued
1929

The cumulatives shown are through
October, except where otherwise noted.
Earlier data for items shown here may
be found on pages 27 to 138 of the
August, 1929, "Survey"

June

PER CENT INCREASE (+) OR
DECREASE (— )

1928

September

July

August

352, 981

6 369, 358

e 351, 357

115, 145
14, 577
22, 806
8, 485
27, 970

109, 783
14, 026
22, 742
7.657
25, 891

79, 974
44, 671

October

September

October

Oct.,
1929
from
Sept.,
1929

Per ct.
increase
or decrease

Oct.,
1929
from
Oct.,
1928

+11.3

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
FROM JAN. 1
THROUGH OCT. 31

+10.0

1938

1939

cumulative
1929
from
1928

U. S. FOREIGN TRADE
Imports
Grand total
thous. of dolls
e 353, 393
By grand divisions:
Europe—
Total
thous. of dolls
106, 427
France
.
thous. of dolls. .
13, 267
Germany
thous. of dolls
19, 328
Italy
thous. of dolls
10, 608
United Kingdom
thous. of dolls..
25, 378
North America —
Total
thous. of dolls ..
81, 898
Canada
thous. of dolls
44, 292
South AmericaTotal
thous. of dolls..
50, 740
Argentina
.. -thous. of dolls
8,342
Asia and OceaniaTotal
-.
thous. of dolls . 107, 848
JaDan
thous. of dolls
32, 483
Africa," total
_ -thous. of dolls
6,488
By economic classes:
Crude materials
thous. of dolls.. 120, 724
Foodstuffs, crude and
food animals
thous. of dolls. _ e 40, 951
Manufactured foodstuffs ._ -thous. of dolls. _
36, 527
Semimanufactures
thous. of dolls. _ 6 75, 550
Finished manufactures
thous. of dolls..
79, 637

3, 751, 086

+9.5

7 907, 456 7 1, 000, 450
7 112, 336
7 126, 805
7 162, 615 7 193, 371
7 70, 077
7 82, 165
7 257, 655 7 252, 470

+10.2
+12.9
+18.9
+17.2
2. 0

319, 618

355, 358

120, 121
17, 512
21, 800
9,407
28, 982

102, 315
13, 783
18, 661
6,548
26, 373

121, 234
17, 279
22, 309
10, 072 1
33, 417

82. 401
43, 909

76, 933
42, 248

76, 926
42, 209

84, 398
47, 404

46, 630
7,416

51,611
7,791

45, 387
6,734

37, 560
6,313

41, 535
6, 677

104, 963
28, 883
7,437

114, 595
40, 256
11, 140

102, 511
39, 973
6,415

97, 554
33, 741
5,263

100, 888
35, 261
7,302

126, 563

110, 289

117, 624

+3.7

+7.6

1, 240, 475

47, 207
35, 110
81, 622
100, 525

37, 207
33, 771
63, 455
74, 906

42, 007
35,370
71, 174
89, 184

+16. 0|
+8. 6
+16. 3
+16. 8j

+12. 4
-0. 7
+14. 7
+12.7

459, 967
345, 914
628, 935
750, 192

530, 000 !

421, 607

550, 014

+21. 11

-3.6

3, 557, 585

192, 840
20, 049
46, 298
14, 275
59, 182

268, 856
28, 928
57, 989
16, 936
97, 963

7 1, 592, 650 7 1, 642, 953 i +3.2
7 153, 640 7 179, 508 1 +16.8
7 299, 007
7 270, 250 -9.6
7 109, 169 -3.4
7112,996
7 548, 962 7 590, 050 +7.5

115, 500
87, 139

126, 793
89, 492

7 973, 003 7 1, 070, 401 +10.0
7 680, 007 7 739, 481 +8.7

33, 805
11, 457

49, 251
19, 848

71, 917
27, 542
7,544

92, 484
39, 137
12, 630

522, 278
174, 214

414, 859
120, 188

543, 171
176, 354

24, 110
47, 744
64, 405
211,804

42, 363
35, 761
51, 077
165, 469

52, 383
51, 643
59, 967
202, 824

166

138

201

+37.2

-17.4

147

168

232

+2. 8

-36. 6

116, 261
121, 437

106, 066
111, 856

112, 341
143, 955

+17. 0
+35.8

+3. 5
-15.6

119, 038 6 125, 730 6 122, 062
42, 957
32, 990
71, 604
86, 392

6 39,
6 35,
6 79,
6 89,

357
558
485
247

40, 700
32, 327
6 70. 198
8
86, 069

391, 026

3, 425, 471

+5.4
+5. 3

7 722, 235
7 359, 330

!

7 761, 111
7 378, 261

7 436, 623
7 80, 433

1

7 488. 056 +11.8
7 85, 188 +5.9

7 931, 850 7 1, 023, 603 +9.8
7 284, 322 7 310, 847 i +9.3
7 87, 028 +24.4
7 69, 974
1,321,475

+6.5

456, 717
370, 588 +71
757, 565 ! +20^5
844, 741 ! +12.6

Exports
Grand total, including
403, 360
381,365 6 437, 681
reexports
thous of dolls
393, 293
By grand divisions:
EuropeTotal
thous. of dolls
201, 300
160, 756
153, 988
161, 005
24, 028
17, 095
France
. thous. of dolls
14, 603
15, 795
Germany
thous. of dolls
24, 634
39, 026
26, 370
21, 261
6,764
Italy
thous. of dolls
14, 500
12, 642
8,667
United Kingdom
thous. of dolls..
58, 340
72, 609
52, 824
58, 889
North America —
Total
thous. of dolls.. 115, 658 116, 845 112, 012 117,659
77, 338
Canada
thous. of dolls
80, 433
80, 481
79, 736
South America—
Total
thous. of dolls
43, 550
49, 312
39, 441
49, 690
18, 003
17, 363
Argentina
.. thous. of dolls
20, 464
20, 500
Asia and Oceania63, 374
58, 610
Total
thous. of dolls !
66, 039
61, 667
19, 121
11, 507
Japan
.
thous. of dolls..
15, 005
16, 966
9,133
12, 824
Africa
thous. of dolls
12, 289
10, 546
By economic classes:
Total domestic exports only. thous. of dolls.. 6 386, 800 393, 838 %6 374, 725 6 432, 329
50, 015 6 50, 890 6 112, 261
Crude materials
thous. of dolls
56, 130
Foodstuffs, crude, and
6 14, 518
20, 259 6 28, 438 6 29, 943
food animals
thous. of dolls
35, 840 6 37, 107 e 40, 980
Manufactured foodstuffs thous. of dolls. _ 634,017
57, 948
Semimanufactures
thous of dolls
62, 119 6 60, 511 6 57, 062
Finished manufactures
thous. of dolls. _ 6 220, 016 6 227, 213 6 201, 228 6 191, 198
Agricultural exports (quantities):
121
70
76
69
All commodities
rel. to 1910-14..
All commodities except
132
143
102
117
cotton
rel. to 1910-14

3, 844, 405

+8.1

7 339 041
7 125, 710
7 572, 572
7 183, 968
7 80, 517

i

+20. 8i
+55.2!
,
-19.5
+16. 5!
+11. 1:
+10. 8:

-3.8
-1.2

!

-54.0
-7. 5
+7.4 1
+4. 4

7 420, 287 +24.0
7 163, 957 +30.4
7 610, 936 +6.7
7 172, 174 -6.4
7 99, 829 +24.0

4, 025, 492
947, 181

4, 301, 569
871, 577

+6.9
-8.0

235, 417
374, 765
597, 296
1, 870, 832

229, 671
399, 237
622, 688
2, 178, 395

-2.4
+6.5
+4.3
+16. 4

1, 024, 608
1, 070, 794

1, 105, 845
1, 004, 652

+7.9
-6.2

CANADIAN FOREIGN
Total trade:
Imports
Exports




.

thous. of dolls..
thous. of dolls __

111,949
114, 492

114, 201
105, 686

111,631
98, 395

99, 380
89,424

Revised

' Cumulative through Sept. 30.

O

THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Rederit

s'of rthe'Department" of, pornmerce having the, most .direst/interest to readers of the SURVJEIT OF
„
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Showing t
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( commenced in-th^.fistjal year 192^. } Paper, 2l page^, price 5$,

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