# Full text of Statistical Atlas of the United States : Based Upon Results of the Eleventh Census, 1890 : Occupations, Plates 42-43

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```STATISTICAL ATLAS.

4 5

OCCUPATIONS.

Out of the total population of the country a trifle more
than one-tliird was enumerated by the Eleventh Census
as wage earners. Of that part of the population io years
of age and over about one-half were wage earners. Dia­
gram 253 represents, by the entire area of the square, the
population 10 years of age and over. The shaded portion
of the square represents the wage earners classified as
males and females.
253.

Population

io

Over, Classified

Y ears

of

Age

and

Wage Earners

as

257. Classification

Diagram 256 shows, as in the other cases, by the entire
area of the square, the total population 10 years of age
and over. This square is primarily divided into rectan­
gles, representing the nativity of the population, and each
of these rectangles is in turn divided into two parts, one
representing non-wage earners, the other wage earners.
This diagram shows that the smallest proportion of wage
earners is found among the native whites of native par­
entage, and the greatest proportion among the foreign
whites and colored.

Sex , Color,

and

of

Wage Earners

by

General Nativity : 1890.

and

Non-Wage Earners, by Sex : 1890.
256. Population
by

Color

fied

as

io

and

Wage

Y ears

of

Age

and

Over ,

General Na tivity , Classi­
Earners

and

N on-Wage

Earners : 1890.

Diagram 254 shows similar facts in a somewhat differ
ent form, the square representing the number of inhab­
itants 10 years of age and over, being divided primarily
into males and females, which are about equal in num­
bers.
The rectangle representing each sex is then
divided into two parts, the shaded part representing the
number of wage earners of that sex. It is seen that more
than three-fourths of the males are wage earners, while
less than one-fifth of the females are wage earners.

254. Population
by
and

Sex ,

io

Y ears

Classified

of
as

Age

and

Over,

Wage Earners

Non-Wage Earners : 1890.

Diagram 257 shows, by its entire area, the total number
of wage earners. The rectangles into which it is prima­
rily divided represent the classification of wage earners by
nativity and race, and each rectangle is divided into two
parts, one representing the males of that nativity or race
and the other the females. From this it appears that the
female wage earners are by far in the smallest proportion
among the native whites of native parentage and in
greatest proportion among the colored. They are appar­
ently more numerous among native whites of foreign
parentage than among the foreign whites.

Proportion

of each

Element

of the

Population

Wage Earners,
258.

Native white of native parentage.

This study of the distribution of the wage earners among
the different sexes, races, and nativities is extended in the
four following diagrams. The first of them, No. 258, rep­
resents, by its total area, the number of persons native born
of native parents, who are 10 years of age and over. This
is divided into two rectangles, representing males and
females, which are, of course, practically equal in area.
Each of these rectangles is then subdivided into two parts,
the white representing non-wage earners and the shaded
portions representing wage earners.
The second diagram, No. 259, classifies in a similar
manner the native whites of foreign parentage.
The third diagram, No. 260, shows similarly foreign
white, and the fourth diagram, No. 261, the colored.
Comparing these diagrams with one another, we see, in
the first place, that the proportion of male wage earners
to all males 10 years of age and over is greatest among
the foreign whites. This is, of course, to be expected,
because our immigration is in the main of mature persons.
Next to the foreign whites the proportion of males who
are wage earners is greatest among the colored, then
among the native whites of native parents, and smallest
among the native whites of foreign parentage. This last

by

io

Y ears

of

Age

and

Over

259.

Native white of foreign parentage.

Diagram 255 also represents, by the entire area of the
square, the population 10 years of age and over, and by
the shaded portion the wage earners. In this diagram
the wage earners are classified by nativity.

255. Population
Classified

as

io

Wage Earners,
by

Color

and

Y ears

of

Non-Wage
the

Age

and

Over,

Earners

and

L atter Subdivided

General Nativity : 1890.

260.

Foreign white.

who are

Se x : 1890.

261.

Colored.

STATISTICAL ATLAS.

4 6

of

Wage-Earners
and

in

262.

263.

each of the

General Nativity ,

Five Occupation Groups,

and by

Professional
service.

264.

Foreign white, by sex.

Agriculture, fisheries,
andmining.

Color

Total -wage earners.

Native white of native parentage, by sex.

265.

by

Se x : 1S90.

Native white of foreignparentage, bysex.

266.

Manufacturingand
mechanical industries.

'M b
zM .

Colored, by sex.

portation.

—

! 1!

personal service.
Maps 267 and 268, plate 42, show those regions of the
country which are distinctively manufacturing and agri­
cultural, as indicated by the leading occupations of the
people, the first showing the proportion which the number
engaged in manufactures bears to all wage earners. In
the northeastern states, with Maryland and Ohio, the pro­
portion of those engaged in manufactures is more than

Proportion

'll

is to be expected, since the proportion of adults among the
native whites of foreign parentage is below the normal,
owing to the fact that the parents of this class are found
among the foreign horn whites.
Turning, now, to the females, we find the highest pro­
portion of female wage earners among the negroes. This
is accounted for by the fact that this race is largely
employed as domestic servants, and in the cotton region
the women work very generally in the field. The propor­
tion of female wage earners among the foreign whites and
the native whites of foreign parentage is very nearly equal,
and is much larger than among the native whites of native
parentage.
The census classifies wage earners primarily into five
great groups, namely, i. the professions, 2. agriculture,
with fisheries and mining, 3. manufactures, 4. trade and
transportation, and 5. personal service. The extent to
which people of different races and nativities enter into
these several groups of occupations differs widely. Dia­
gram 262 illustrates this. The entire area of the square
represents the wage earners, and the rectangles into which
it is primarily divided represents the classification of the
wage earners by race and nativity. Bach of these
rectangles is in turn subdivided in accordance with the
number of wage earners in each of these great groups
of occupations. Among the native whites of native
parentage it is seen that the proportion engaged in the
professions is much larger than in any other race or
nativity; that those engaged in agriculture are propor­
tionally more numerous than among the foreign whites or
the native whites of foreign parents; that in manufactures
they are less numerous proportionally than in the last
two classes, and that in personal service there are fewer
engaged proportionally than in any other nativity or race.
The foreign whites do not affect the professions or
farming, but with their descendants, the native whites of
foreign parentage, they form the vast body of manufac­
turing operatives, and, next to the negroes, they furnish
proportionally the largest element engaged in personal
service.
The colored furnish by far the largest proportion of
farmers; in manufactures and trade and transportation
they are but feebly represented, while in personal service
they exceed, proportionally, all other races and nativities.
The next four diagrams, numbered 263 to 266, inclusive,
develop facts similar to those shown by the last diagram,
but with the addition of a classification by sex. Bach of
these squares represents the total number of wage earners
of that race or nativity. It is primarily divided into two
rectangles, one representing males, the other females, and
each of these rectangles is then further subdivided in
accordance with the five great groups of occupations. In
these diagrams the feature of greatest interest is the
classification of the females. Among the native whites of
native parentage this sex shows a large proportion in the
professions, and a small proportion in agriculture, while
the proportions in manufactures and in personal service
are largest of all, the number engaged in trade and trans­
portation being small.
Among the native whites of foreign parentage the pro­
portion in the professions is much smaller than in the
last, and those engaged in farming are but trifling, while
the proportion engaged in the three other occupations is
somewhat larger.
Among the foreign whites we find quite a different
condition of affairs. F ully three-fifths of the female wage
earners are engaged in personal service, and nearly all the
balance are operatives in manufactures.
Among the colored, the conditions are again different.
Nearly all the female wage earners, indeed, with only a
trifling remainder, are engaged either in farming or in

Domestic and personal
service.

267.

A/

,

1" T ' 4/.,,
Vis 1

° /

NT // -V

PROPORTION OF WAGE EARNERS IN MANUFACTURES.

L

A

)

V

!y~t

~7

A

PLATE 42.

\

3uj£L <
L

o

" R

\A

■O 'Neil

Denver

1

r ------------ 1
U n d er 10 p er c en t

268.

__

J

10 to 25 p e r cent

25 p e r c e n t a n d o v e r

PROPORTION OF WAGE EARNERS IN AGRICULTURE
)

1

rX n
\
L
s~.
9

1
'is f ’ ’ B I ,

? r t
• Se - i

1-SLnna.rk

I

W
J/Jj.

Winoncr

Wuf&

jBdlSwS

Alehisori'
JLeayenvfbrtf

jSardert

M
SA
(h
OTUiNUSK

>
'

■

HBMIMI

W>v

J U L t U S B J E N & C O . L IT H . N Y.

U n d er 25 p er cen t

25 to 50 p e r c e n t

□

50 p e r c e n t and o v e r

47

STATISTICAL ATLAS.

269. PROPORTION OF W A G E EA R N ER S IN EACH OF T H E F IV E OCCU PATION GROUPS, B Y S T A T E S AND TE R R ITO R IE S : 1890.

—

tz-

MISSOURI

MAINE

ffl

NEW HAMPSHIRE

NORTH DAKOTA

VERMONT

SOUTH DAKOTA

I

MASSACHUSETTS

RHODE ISLAND

KANSAS

I

CONNECTICUT

KENTUCKY

NEW YORK

TENNESSEE

NEW JERSEY

ALABAMA

PENNSYLVANIA

MISSISSIPPI

DELAWARE

LOUISIANA

MARYLAND

TEXAS

VIRGINIA

OKLAHOMA

WEST VIRGINIA

ARKANSAS

NORTH CAROLINA

i
MM
1

g im

m

l

.

i

111

i

SOUTH CAROLINA

....... :

\/A
m

MONTANA

i■

TO

TTTTTfffl
IS

WYOMING
..............

GEORGIA

1. . .

............

FLORIDA

i

P H

................ ................. T ' T |

NEW MEXICO

____U___ 1 111 1 It 111111 I l l f l J

OHIO

ARIZONA

INDIANA

UTAH
m

ILLINOIS

if

MICHIGAN

ff

I

WISCONSIN

MINNESOTA

WASHINGTON

OREGON

IOWA

CALIFORNIA
1.

Agriculture, fisheries, andmining.

2.

Manufacturing andmechanical industries.

3.

4.

Domestic andpersonal service.

5 . Professional service.

STATISTICAL ATLAS.

4 8

271. D istrib u tio n of W age E arners of th e S pecified
Native white, native parents.
[Per cent.]

Native white, foreign parents.
[Per cent.]

Irish.
[Per cent.]
Occupations.

+

8

12

Servants

Merchants anddealers

Merchants and dealers

Draymen, hackmen, etc.

Agricultural laborers

Agricultural laborers

Carpenters andjoiners

Miners

Cotton mill operatives

Iron and steel workers

Machinists

Cotton mill operatives
Laborers (not specified)
Farmers
Carpenters andjoiners
Mill andfactoryoperatives!
(not specified)
Agricultural laborers
Boot andshoe makers
Woolenmill operatives
Brick makers
Saw and planing mill |
employes
Servants
Draymen, hackmen, etc.
Merchants and dealers
Dressmakers
Lumbermen andraftsmen |
Blacksmiths
Clerks andcopyists
Masons
Wood choppers
Painters, glaziers, etc.
Salesmenand saleswomenI
Hosiery andknitting mill
operatives
M a c h in is ts
Iron and steel workers
Wood workers (n. a.)
Engineers and firemen
(not locomotive)
Marble cutters
Paper mill operatives
Bakers
Quarrymen
Saloonkeepers
Leather curriers, etc.
Tailors and tailoresses

ZO 24- 2a 32, 5 6

8

12

16

H

Cottonmill operatives

Clerksand copyists

h

Iron and steel workers

S
^-

Lannderersandlaundresses

Boot and shoe makers

Masons

Masons

Woolen mill operatives

Clerks and copyists

Painters, glaziers, etc.

Blacksmiths

Blacksmiths

8|

Watchmen, policemen,etc.

Engineers and firemen ■
(hot locomotive)

Dressmakers

Mill andfactoryoperatives■
(not specified)

Engineers and firemen
(not locomotive)

Draymen, hackmen, etc.

Woolen mill operatives

Dressmakers

H

Boot and shoe makers
Agents, etc.
Salesmenandsaleswomen ■

Tailors and tailoresses

16

4

Carpenters andjoiners

Machinists

a \Z

Occupations.

3 fc

Mill andfactoryoperatives
(not specified)

4»

32

Laborers (not specified)

Farmers, planters, etc.

Occupations.

2* 28

Miners

Servants

[Per cent.]

20

Farmers

Laborers (not specified)

[Per cent.]

16

English and Welsh.
[Per cent.]

Saloon keepers

Bookkeepers, etc.

Marblecutters

Tailors andtailoresses

Gardeners, florists, etc.

Manufacturers, etc.

Painters, glaziers, etc.

Marble cutters

Salesmen andsaleswomen 1

Clergymen

Housekeepers

Butchers

Hostlers

Molders

Leather curriers, etc.

Teachers

Molders

Housekeepers

Foremen andoverseers

Printers, etc.

Nurses

Silk mill operatives

■

Agents, etc.

Nurses

Watchmen, policemen,etc.1

Bartenders

Plumbers, etc.

Seamstresses

Seamstresses

Boarding and lodging
house keepers

Quarrymen

Plumbers, etc.

Builders

French.

Italians
[Percent.]

?0

24

28

12

56

4 9

STATISTICAL ATLAS.

N a t iv it ie s by t h e ir P r in c ip a l Occupations : 1890

Occupations.

+

S

IM t

»

l*

28 33 3fc

Occupations.

Farmers

Fanners

Miners

Laborers (not specified)

Laborers (not specified)

Servants
Agricultural laborers

Servants

Merchants and dealers

Carpentersandjoiners

Carpenters andjoiners

Merchants anddealers
Machinists
I Agricultural laborers
Marble cutters
Clerks andcopyists

Saloonkeepers

Mill andfactoryoperatives|
(not specified)
Salesmenandsaleswomen |

Masons
Painters, glaziers, etc.
Miners
Machinists
Cigar makersandtobacco
w o rk e rs
Iron andsteel workers
Brewers and maltsters
Salesmen andsaleswomen!

Gardeners, florists, etc.

Cabinet makers

Dressmakers

Gardeners, florists, etc.

Molders

Barbers

Agents, etc.

Manufacturers

Tailors and tailoresses

Saw and planing mill
employes

Boot andshoe makers

Manufacturers, etc.

Wood workers (not specifled)
Dressmakers

Sailors

Agents, etc.

Printers, etc.

Bartenders

Silk mill operatives

Engineers and firemen |
(not locomotive)

Teachers

Hucksters andpeddlers

Housekeepers.

Launderersandlaundresses

Nurses

Seamstresses

Watchmen, policemen,etc. |

Bookkeepers, etc.

Builders

Brick makers

Plasterers

Leather curriers, etc.

Boiler makers

Molders

numbers, etc.

Occupations.

>6
Farmers

Farrners

Laborers (not specified)

Agricultural laborers
Laborers (not specified)

Servants
Agricultural laborers

Servants

Carpentersandjoiners

Carpentersandjoiners

Miners

Merchants and dealers

Engineers and firemen
(not locomotive)

Draymen, hackmen, etc.

32

Butchers

Blacksmiths

Woolen mill operatives

28

Draymen, hackmen, etc.

Masons

Iron and steel workers

24

Saw and planing mill
employes
Tailors and tailoresses

Bookkeepers, etc.

20

Boot and shoe makers

Painters, glaziers, etc.

16

Clerks and copyists

Blacksmiths

it

Tailors andtailoresses

Bakers

Cottonmill operatives

8

Danes.
[Per cent.]

Swedes andNorwegians.
[Per cent.j

Germans.
[Per cent.]

Scotch.
[Percent.]

Merchants and dealers
Blacksmiths
Draymen, hackmen, etc.
Painters, glaziers, etc.
Clerks andcopyists

Painters, glaziers, etc.

Masons

Clerks and copyists

Saw and planing mill
employes

Blacksmiths

Tailors andtailoresses

Draymen, hackmen, etc.

Miners

Sailors

Boot and shoe makers

Boot aiul shoemakers

Dressmakers

Machinists

Brick makers

Masons
Dressmakers

Machinists

Lumbermen andraftsmen

Gardeners, florists, etc.

Launderersandlaundresses|

Salesmen and saleswomen!

Iron andsteel workers

Butchers

Stockraisers, etc.

Dairymen and dairy
women
Stockraisers, etc.

Salesmenand saleswomen
Cabinet makers

Engineers and firemen
(not locomotive)

Wood workers (not speci­
fied)
Engineers and firemen
(not locomotive)

Lauuderersandlaundresses

Housekeepei s

Saloonkeepers

Seamstresses

Agents, etc.

Marble cutters

Cabinet makers

Molders

Iron andsteel workers

Housekeepers

Wood workers (1
1
. s.)

Bohemians.
Russians.

[Per cent.]

[Per cent.]
O ccupations.

8

12 IB 20 24 28 32. 36

Occupations.

Tailors andtailoresses

Laborers (not specified)

Farmers, planters, etc.

Miners

Laborers, (not specified)

Servants

Hucksters and peddlers
Miners
Merchants anddealers
Agricultural laborers
Servants
Cigar makers andtobacco |
workers
Clerks and copyists
Boot and shoe makers
Carpenters andjoiners
Seamstresses
Salesmen and saleswomen!
Shirt makers, etc.
Lumbermenand raftsmen |
Dressmakers
Painters, glaziers, etc.
Hat andcap makers

Tailors andtailoresses
Iron and steel workers
Merchants anddealers
Farmers
Agricultural laborers
Hucksters andpeddlers
Charcoal burners
Cigar makers and tobacco
.workers
Seamstresses
Clerks and copyists
Boot and shoemakers
Brick makers
Salesmenand saleswomen

Farmers
Laborers (not specified)
Tailors and tailoresses
Cigar makers and tobacco!
workers
Agricultural laborers
Servants
Carpenters andjoiners
Merchants anddealers
Saw and planing mill |
employes
Boot and shoe makers
Miners
Clerks and copyists
Blacksmiths
Butchers
Masons
Saloonkeepers
Draymen, hackmen, etc.

Dressmakers
Quarrymeu
Carpenters andjoiners
Woolen mill operatives

Saw and planing mill
employes
Fishermen and oystermen|

O ccupations.

Iron and steel workers
Painters, glaziers, etc.
LauuderersandlaundressesJ
Salesmen and saleswomen
Bakers

Wood choppers
Cabinet makers
Butchers
Coopers
Manufacturers, etc.
Quarrym
en
Agents, etc.

Dressmakers
Machinists
Manufacturers, etc.

Draymen, hackmen, etc.
Molders
Sailors
Iron anil steel workers
Sewing machine operators ]
Tinners
Teachers
Barbers
Saloonkeepers
Brick makers

Seamstresses
Woodworkers, (n. s.)

[Per cent.]

50

STATISTICAL ATLAS.

one-fourtli of all wage earners, while in the southern states
the proportion of those engaged in manufactures is very
small, being less than io per cent. The other map shows
that in the southern states more than one-half the wage
earners are engaged in agriculture, while in several of
the northeastern states the proportion is less than onefourth.
Diagram 269 shows the proportions in which the wage
earners of each state are engaged in each of these five
great groups of occupations. In each case the full length
of the bar represents 100 persons, and the proportion of
them engaged in each of these occupation groups is repre­
sented by a proportional part of the bar. It will be seen
that in the southern states agriculture is by far the pre­
dominant industry, three-fourths or more of the wage
earners being devoted to it in the states of South Caro­
lina, Mississippi, and Arkansas, while on the other hand,
in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, and to a less degree
in adjacent states, manufacturing is the predominant
industry.
Diagram 270 shows the number of persons, classified as
males and females, who are engaged in certain specified
occupations. It is seen that farmers and farm laborers
are far in excess of the number in all other occupations.
It is seen also that in certain occupations women exceed

270. Number

o f

men in numbers, and several occupations they absorb
entirely.
Diagram 271 shows the prevailing occupations among
the people of different races and detailed nativities, by
giving the proportion of the total number of wage earners
of each nativity or race who are engaged in each of the
occupations specified, thus: among the Irish, nearly 20 per
cent are laborers, 16 per cent are servants, and 9.5 per
cent are farmers, planters, etc.
A study of this diagram, or rather series of diagrams,
brings out many interesting and important facts regard­
ing our foreign element as contrasted with our native
element and with the colored. Thus, no other people,
with the exception of the negroes, affect agricultural pur­
suits to as great an extent as the native whites of native
parentage do. Those people who most closely approach
the latter in this respect are the Danes, Swedes, Nor­
wegians, and Bohemians. The English, the Irish, the
Scotch, the French Canadians, the Italians, and the
Huns become farmers only to a small extent. The Irish
mainly become laborers or servants. The English and
Scotch are in large part divided between farming and
mining. W hile more Germans engage in farming than
in any other pursuit, still a large proportion of them are
laborers, merchants, and servants. The Swedes and Nor­
wegians apparently have little aptitude for trade, but,

Persons

io

Y ears

of

Age

and

Over Engaged

in the

Specified Occupations,

passing over the farming contingent, which is largest,
the occupations in which they are most numerous are
laborers and servants. The Danes are distributed much
the same as the Swedes and Norwegians.
The cotton mills of New England are the chief attrac­
tion to the French Canadians. The Italians are mainly
laborers, although they have a considerable contingent
engaged in mining. The Huns are mainly laborers or
miners.
Diagram 272, plate 43, shows for each of 32 occupa­
tions the nationality and race of the wage earners
engaged in it. Thus, among farmers, the total number
of which is represented by the full length of the bar,
the native whites of native parents constitute about twothirds, while the native whites of foreign parents are not
over 7 per cent, the foreign whites about 15 per cent, and
the remainder colored. The proportion of wage earners
furnished by each of 9 different foreign nationalities is
given. Among the cotton mill operatives we find that
the native whites of native parentage constitute about 30
per cent, the native whites of foreign parentage about 25
per cent, the remainder, 45 per cent, being practically of
foreign birth. Of this 45 per cent, 9 per cent are of Irish
birth, 10 per cent are English and Scotch, and nearly
all of the remainder being Canadians.

by

Sex : 1890.

[M illio n s .]
O c c u p a tio n s .

4

F a n n e r s , p la n te r s , e tc .
F a r m la b o r e r s
L a b o r e r s (n o t sp e c ifie d )
S e r v a n ts
M e r c h a n ts a n d d e alers
C a r p e n te r s a n d .jo in e rs
C le rk s a n d c o p y is ts
M in e r s
S te a m r a ilr o a d e m p lo y e s
D ra y m e n , lia c k m e n , e tc .
T e a c h ers
D re s s m a k e rs
S a le sm en n n d s a le s w o m e n
L a n n d c r e r s a n d la u n d re s s e s
E n g in e e r s a n d firem en (n o t lo c o m o tiv e )
P a in te r s , g la z ie r s , e tc .
B o o t a n d sh o e m a k e rs
B la c k s m ith s
T a ilo r s
M a c h in is ts
C o tto n m ill o p e ra tiv e s
A c c o u n ta n ts
M aso n s
S e a m stre ss e s
I r o n a n d s te e l w o rk e rs
S aw a n d p la n in g m ill em p lo y e s
C ig a r m a k e r s a n d to b a c c o w o rk e rs
Butchers
P h y s ic ia n s
L u m b e rm e n a n d r a f ts m e n
L a w y e rs
C le rg y m e n
P r in te r s
B arb ers

W o o len m ill o p e ra tiv e s
A p p r e n tic e s to tra d e s
G a rd e n e r s , flo r is ts , e tc .
S to c k ra is e r s , h e rd e rs , e tc .
M u s ic ia n s
F is h e rm e n a n d o y s te r m e n
M illin e rs
N u rs e s
C o m m ercial tr a v e le r s
P lu m b e r s , e tc .
T e le g ra p h a n d te le p h o n e o p e r a to r s
E n g in e e r s , c iv il a n d m eclian icu l

I M ales.

F e m a le s .

5

272.

DISTRIBUTION OF THOSE ENGAGED IN CERTAIN SELECTED OCCUPATIONS, BY COLOR AND NATIONALITY:

1890.

PLATE 43.

ALL OCCUPATIONS

FARMERS, PLANTERS, ETC

AGRICULTURAL LABORERS

12

3

4

5 79

LABORERS

SERVANTS

MERCHANTS AND DEALERS

4

CARPENTERS AND JOINERS

1

2

3

4

6 8
7

5

6
7
8

5

9

9

CLERKS AND COPYISTS

DRAYMEN, HACKMEN, TEAMSTERS, ETC

MINERS

5

6

7

8

TEACHERS

DRESSMAKERS

SALESMEN AND SALESWOMEN

PAINTERS, GLAZIERS AND VARNISHERS

BOOT AND SHOEMAKERS

4

BLACKSMITHS

4

3

TAILORS AND TAILORESSES

4

5

6

5

t

8

9

, 89

5

.

....

7

MACHINISTS

AGENTS (REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE, ETC.) ANO
COLLECTORS

COTTON MILL OPERATIVES

BOOKKEEPERS AND ACCOUNTANTS

Z

I

3

4

5

6

MASONS

4

SEAMSTRESSES

1

2

3

7

5

4

5

6

7

8

8

9

9

IRON AND STEEL WORKERS

ENGINEERS AND FIREMEN (NOT LOCOMOTIVE)

SAW AND PLANING MILL EMPLOYEES

CIGAR MAKERS AND TOBACCO WORKERS

BUTCHERS

MANUFACTURERS, ETC.

PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS

LAUNDERERS AND LAUNDRESSES
NATIVE WHITE, NATIVE PARENTS
I. IRISH

2. ENGLISH, WELSH AND SCOTCH

__________
3. GERMANS

NATIVE WHITE, FOREIGN PARENTS
4, SCANDINAVIANS

6. FRENCH

FOREIGN WHITE, NUMBERED
7. ITALIANS

8. SLAVS, ETC,

9. OTHER FOREIGN
J U L IU S B IE N & CO, L IT H . N Y.

COLORED

9

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