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Publications oF the Division oF Research
( Formerly DMsion ol Social RaearcbJ

Works Progress Administration

•

Research Monographs
I.
II.
Ill.
IV.
V.
VI.

She Rural Problem Areas, Rellel-Raoarca-Rehabllltatlon
Comparative Sfvdy of Rural Relief and Non-Relief Households
The Transient Unemployed
Urban Worlcen on Relief
LancRord and Tenant on the Cotton Plantation
Chronolo,y of the Federal Emergency Relief Admlnlllrallon, May 11, 1933, to
DeCfllb. 31, 1935

VII.
VIII.
IX.
X.
XI.
XII.
XIII.
XIV.
XV.
XVI.
XVII.
XVIII.
XIX.
XX.

The Mlsratory..cmual Worlcer
Farmen on Relief and Rehabilitation
Part-Time Fannlns In the Southeast
Trends In Relief Expenclltura, 1910-1935
Rural Youth on Relief
Intercity Dllferenca In Co111 of LMng In March 1935, 59 CIiia
Effecb of the Wodcs Program on Rural Relief
Changing Atpecb of Rural Rellef
Rural Youth, Their Situation and Prospecll
Fanning Hazards In the Drousht Area
Rural Familia on Relief
Mlsrant Famllla
Rural Mlsratlon In th• United Stata
State Public Welfare Legislation

Special Reports
Le9lslatlve Trends In Public Relief and Aalllance, December 31, 1919, to July
1, 1936

Sarvey of Casa Cert!Red for Works Program Employment In 13 Olla
Survey of Worlcers Separated From WPA Employment In Eight Areas Durln9 th•
Second Quarter of 1936
A Survey of the Translent and Homelea Population In 11 CIiia, September 1935
and September 1936
Usual Occvpatlons of Worlcers Eligible for Worlcs Prosram Employment In the
United Stata, January 15, 1936
Areas of lntenH Drought Dlmea, 1930-1936
The People of the Drought Stata
Relief and Rehabllltatlon In the Drought Area
Five Yean of Rural Relief
Age of WPA Worlcen, November 1937
Survey of Worlcers Separated From WPA Employment In Nine Areas, 1937
Urban Housln91 A Summary of Real Property lnventorl• Conducted as Work
ProJects, 1934-1936
Worlcen on Relief In the United Stata In March 1935
Volume I. A Census of Usual Occupations
Volume II. A Study of Industrial and Educatlonal Backgrounds
Former Relief Cena In Private Employment
Chanslng Aspecll of Urban Relief

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WORKS PROGRESS ADMINISTRATION
F. C. Harrlnston, Ad•lnlslrafol'
Corrln,ton GIii, Amstant Adalnlslrator

DIVISION OF RESEARCH
Howard B. Myen, Director

STATE
PUBLIC WELFARE
LEGISLATION
By
Robert C. Lowe

•
RESEARCH MONOGRAPH XX

1939
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON

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Letter of Transmittal
WORKS

PaoORE88 ADMINISTRATION

fashinfton, D. C., Karch

20,

1939.

Sir: I have the honor to transmit an analysis of public welfare
legislation•in the 48 States, Alaska, Hawaii, and the District of
Columbia as of January 1, 1939. This analysis brings together
in one volume, for the first time, current information on the
State legislative am constitutional provisions governing public
welfare. The emphasis in this report is placed upon the laws
providing for relief and public assistance, but appendix material
is included to indicate the scope of public welfare legislation
in each State.
Effective coordination of the Works Progress Administration
with State and local relief programs has required complete information on the provisions for relief and public assistance in
the States. State and local relief agencies have been called
upon to assume important duties in relation to the Works Program,
the most important of which has been to certify the need and
employability of persons seeking employment on work projects.
State welfare provisions have also had a very important bearing
upon the policy of the Works Progress Administration in connection with assistance to special groups like 'the aged and persons
with dependent children. In order to determine whether individuals on projects are eligible for such special types of care,
it bas been necessary to digest and analyze the provisions made
for them in State laws.
The analysis has spotlighted the great diversity among States
in the t inancial provisions for the administration of relief
and in the availability of funds for sponsors' contributions for
WPA projects.
Prior to 1931 the majority of States relied principally upon
the old poor laws to assist persons in need of relief. Less
than one-half of the States had enacted blind pension laws, and
only about one-fourth had provided for old age pensions. With
the exception of laws providing for veterans' pensions and State
institutions for veterans and children, the statutes effective
before 1931 for the most part placed the administrative and financial responsibility upon local uni ts of government. The principle of supplying employment instead of relief had not yet been
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IV• LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
accepted even though many of the poor laws required able-bodied
recipients to work in return for aid.
The first State emergency relief administrations were established in 1931, and by 1933 the majority of States had established such administrations and had appropriated funds for relief
of the unemployed. Many of the States took such action in
response to the Federal F.rnergency Relief Act of 1933.
In 1933 States began to adopt categorical relief programs with
increasing rapidity; this movement was greatly accelerated by
the adoption of the Federal Social Security Act in 1935,
With the passage of the Social Security Act there began a
definite trend toward the assumption by the States of both administrative and financial responsibility for permanent general
relief and public assistance programs. The majority of States
participate in all these programs at the present time, although
fewer States assume responsibility for general relief than for
categorical assistance.
Recognition of the necessity of coordinating measures designed
to assist persons in need has caused a trend toward the integration of State relief and public assistance programs. By
January 1, 1939, approximately one-third of the States had placed
the administrative responsibility for all of their public welfare
functions within a single agency, and most of the other States
had accomplished some degree of integration.
The study was made in the Di vis ion of Research under the direct ion of Howard B. Myers, Director of Research. It was prepared by Robert C. Lowe under the supervision of A. Ross Eckler,
Assistant Director. Tabular and other appendix materials were
prepared by L. T. Bennett, Jr., Frances Engeman, William H.
Garner, John A. Hanley, Alfred Noyes, and Mary P. Ragatz under
the supervision of Mr. Lowe. Gertrude Bancroft and Theodore
Savage assisted in the editing of this report.
Special acknowledgment is due the members of the staff of the
Bureau of Public Ass is tance of the Social Security Board and
Robert T. Lansdale, Professor of Public Welfare, New York School
of Social Work, for their helpful suggestions.
Respectfully submitted.
CORRINGTON

GILL,

Assistant

CoL. F. C.

Ad ■ inistrator.

HARRINGTON,

forks Pro;ress

Ad ■ inis

trator.

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Contents

Introduction _____________________ _
Section I.

Pare
II II

Developaent of publ le welfare in the United

States - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Section II. Eligibility provisions and types of care
granted recipients of relief and public assistance ___ _
General relief_ Old age assistance _____ - _ - _
Blind assistance _
Dependent children
___ _
Aid to dependent children in their own homes
Dependent and neglected children ______ _
Veteran relief ________________ _
Section Ill. Ad■ inistratlve responsibility for relief and
public assistance ___ - - ____ - __
Incidence of administrative responsibility
___ _
_ - __
General relief _ _ _
Old age assistance - - - - - - - - - - - - Blind assistance ________________ _
Aid to dependent children in their own homes
Dependent and neglected children _____ _
Veteran relief _ - __________ - - Section 1¥. Provisions for ad■ lnistratlve procedures for
the deter■ lnatlon ofeliglblllty for relief
and public assistance- _____ - - _ - _
Final original determination ____________ _
Relief and public assistance other than care of
dependent and neglected children by agencies and
in institutions _______ _
Dependent and neglected children
Appeals and !air hearings ___ _
Complaints ______ - - __ - _ - _
Review on own motion and further investigation
Section V. Provisions for the financing of relief and
public assistance- _________ _
Provisions for the distribution of State funds __
Sources of funds for relief and public assistance_

1

7
7
9

11

13
13

15
16

19
20
20
20
20
20

21
22

23
23

23
25
26

27
27
29
30

31

V

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VI • CONTENTS
Page

Section VI. Integration of public welfare functions within
a single State agency- - -

Relief and public assistance_
General public welfare program

_ _______ _
________ _

Section VII. Types of State and local agencies adlllnilterlng relief and public assistance_

State boards of public welfare_
_ ___ _
Organization_______
_ __ _
Qualifications ______ _
Selection and appointment-_
Terms of office ______ _
Compensation ______ _
Executive of State department of public welfare-_
Selection and appointmentTerms of office ____ _
Qualifications - _ - __ Compensation - - - - - - - Local departments of public welfareOrganization _____________ _
Functions of local boards- ___ _
Qualifications of local boards _____ _
Selection and appointment of local boards __
Terms of office of local boards __
Compensation of local boards ___ Local executive ___ _
Appendix A. Basic tables - - - _ - _

33
33
34

37
37
37
37
38
38
38
38

39
39

39
39
39
40
40
40
41

41
41
41
45

8ENERAL RELi EF
Table

l. Provisions for the administration of general relief2, Requirements for eligibility for general relief__
3. Responsibility of relatives and provisions for recovery of cost of general relief from recipients
and their estates - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4. Provisions affecting status of recipients of general
relief- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5. Provisions for types of aid granted and for financing general relief- - - - - - - - - - -

48
54

63
68
70

OLD AGE ASSISTANCE

6. Provisions for the administration of old age assistance- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7. Personal qualifications for old age assistance- - 8. Need qualifications for old age assistance- - - - 9. Types of aid received or needed which disqualify
applicants for old age assistance - - _ - - - - -

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84

87
90

CONTENTS • VI I
Page

Table

10. Provisions for recovery of cost of old age assistance from recipients and their estates - - - - 11. Provisions for granting and financing old age assistance - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - BLIND ASSISTANCE
12. Provisions for the administration of blind assistance_
13. Personal qualifications for blind assistance___
14. Need qualifications for blind assistance_ - - - 15. Types of aid received or needed which disqualify
applicants for blind assistance- - - - - 16. Provisions for recovery from recipients and their
estate~ for blind assistance granted______
17. Provisions for granting and financing blind assistance __
AID TO DEPENDENT CHILDREN IN THEIR OWN HOMES
18. Provisions for the administration of aid to dependent
children in their own homes __ - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
19. Personal qualifications for aid to dependent children
in their own homes_______________
20. Need qualifications for aid to dependent children in
their own homes- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - _ 21. Provisions for granting and financing aid to dependent children in their own homes- ____ - _ _ _

22.
23.
24.

25.
26.
27.

92
96

102
109
113
115
117
119

126
132
136
140

DEPENDENT AND NEGLECTED CHILDREN (INSTITUTIONS AND
AGENCIES)
Characteristics of dependent and neglected children
coming within jurisdiction of juvenile courts__ 148
Provisions for instituting proceedings, investigations, and hearing of cases of dependent and neglected children by juvenile courts ____ .__ 149
Types of homes and institutions to which dependent
and neglected children may be committed by juvenile courts___________________ 151
State institutions caring for dependent and neglected
children____________________
152
Major powers and duties of principal public agencies
in relation to care of dependent and neglected
children outside of own homes or State institutions_ 158
Governmental unit responsible for financing specified
types of care for dependent and neglected children_ 176

VETERAN RELIEF
28. Personal and other qualifications for eligibility
for direct relief to veterans__________

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VI 11 • CONTENTS

Table
29, Provisions for the administration and financing of

Pare

direct relief to veterans- - - - - - - - - - - -

182

30. Personal and other qualifications for eligibility

for pensions to veterans____________

187

31. Provisions for the administration and financing of

pensions to veterans______________

192

32, Personal and other qualifications for eligibility

for institutional care for veterans ___ - _ - _

196

33, Provisions for the administration and financing of

institutional care for veterans_________
34.
35,
36,

37,

STATE BOARDS AND LOCAL BOARDS
Composition and appointment of State boards of public welfare- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Appointment and qualifications of executives of
State boards or departments of public welfare__
Composition and appointment of local boards of public welfare- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Appointment and qualifications of executives of
local boards or departments of public welfare__

203

210

221
226

234

CITATIONS TO STATUTORY PROVISIONS
38. Ci tat ions to statutory provisions contained in tables
1-37 ___ - _ - _ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 241
Appendix B, Supple11entary tables (summary of provisions
enacted fr0111 July I, 1938, to January I,
1939)- - - - - - - - - 253
California (table 1, p. 254; table 5, p. 2551.
Illinois (table 37, p. 2661.
Louisiana (table 1, p. 254; table 6, p. 256; table 7, p. 257;
table 9, p. 258; table 10, p. 258; table 11, p. 259; table
12, p. 260; table 13, p. 261; table 14, p. 262; table 15,
p. 262; table 16, p. 262; table 17, p. 263; table 18, p.
264: table 21, p. 264; table 34, p. 265; table 36, p. 266;
table 37, p. 2661.
Massachusetts (table 5, p. 2551.
New Jersey (table 6, p. 256; table 7, p. 257; table 8, p. 257;
table 10, p. 258: table 11, p. 2591.
Ohio ( table 1, p. 254; table 2, p. 254; table 5, p. 255; table
35, p. 2651.
Rhode Island (table 12, p. 260; table 13, p. 261; table 14,
p. 262; table 15, p. 262; table 16, p. 262; table 17, p. 2631.
Appendix C. Su11111aries of State provisions for public welfare and charts of State and local publ le
welfare agencies
267
Alabama_
268
Arizona271

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CONTENTS• IX
Paee

Arkansas __
California _
Colorado - ____ - - Connecticut __ _
Delaware
Florida_
Georgia_
Idaho __
Illinois
Indiana __
Iowa __
Kansas Kentucky
Louisiana ________
Maine- - _
- - - Maryland _____ _
Massachusetts_
Michigan __ _
Minnesota _____ _
Mississippi __
Missouri
___ _
Montana ________ _
Nebraska ___ _
Nevada ___ _
New Hampshire __
New Jersey __
New Mexico __
New York __ _
North Carolina
North Dakota _
Ohio _____ _
Oklahoma _ _ _
Oregon ____ _
Pennsylvania __
Rhode Island __
Sou th Carolina
South Dakota _____ Tennessee_ _ _
Texas_ Utah - __ Vermont_ __ _
Virginia - - Washington __
Vest Virginia _____ _
Wisconsin __ _
Wyoming ____ Alas ta ______ - - District of Columbia _ _
Hawaii ____ - - - - -

273
275
278
280
282
284
286
289
291
294
297
299
301
303
305
308
310
313
316
319
321
323

_

326

329
331
333
336

338
341
344
347
350
353
356
359
362
365
368

_

371

374
377
380
382
385

- - _
- - -

- - __
- -

388

_
-

391
393

395
397

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State Public W elFare Legislation
XI

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INTRODUCTION

THIS STIJD-Y of State public welfare legislation in the United
States presents in tabular and digest form the basic laws which
provide the foundation for public welfare prograns of the States,
Territories, and the District of Columbia, with particular emphasis on those statutes which provide for aid and relief to
dependent persons. It also analyzes some of the major trends
in relief and public assistance legislat ionoccurring'since 1930.
The study, current as of January 1_, 1939, is b~ed on an intensive analysis of constitutional provisions, statutes, opinions
of attorneys general, and the case law of the several States and
Territories. The operation of laws, of course, depends to some
extent upon amplifications and interpretations by administrative
rules and regulations, opinions of attorneys general, and court
decisions, and to a grea.ter extent upon the individuals responsible for their administration. Administrative rules and regu-;
lations have not been included, but correspondence has been
carried on with attorneys general and various other State officials to secure interpretations and to clarify the laws of
individualStateswhere conflicts and ambiguities have appeared.
Details of the laws providing for the relief of dependencyi.e., general relief, old age assistance, aid to dependent children in their own homes, blind assistance, care of dependent
and neglected children by agencies and ins ti tut ions, and veteran
relief-are presented in a series of tables. !The term reltef
and publ tc ass.tstance whenever used in the text is intended to
include all of these functions. 11 Tabulations of the laws providing for the composition and appointment of the governing
1w·1de dUterencea or opinion eJ:1st as to the det1n1t1on or reuer and
public assistance. The aboYe class1t1cat1on Which bas been adopted ror the
purpose ot the present ana11s1s ls used with tull lm01tledge that it may not
be acceptable to all students or the tleld. An attempt bas been made to
include all statutes which proYlde tor the eJ:pendlture or public runds ror
persons who are in need and Who do not require spec tall zed treatment because
or phJslcal bandlcaps, aental det1c1enc1es, or ■ oral del1nquenc1es. It 1s
recognized that OYerlapplng H18ta in this c1ass1t1cat1on: ror eJ:ample,
blind assistance statutes which proY1de ror money p&7aents to needy blind

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XIV• STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION

bodies and executives of the more important State and local
agencies concerned with the administration of these programs are
also presented. 2
The headings on the tables are for the most part self-explanatory. In some cases the actual legal prov is.ion has been summarized and used as a caption. An attempt has been made to
follow the same pattern in each series of tables. In general
they indicate the following points: the nature of the law(mandatory or optional), location and type of administrative
responsibility, qualifications and limitations imposed upon applicants and recipients, type and amount of aid, and financial
responsibility.
The complete public welfare program in each State has been
summarized in an appendix which also includes charts of the
statutory and constitutional public welfare organization for
each State. The functions, which in this study are uniformly
considered to be, of a public welfare nature, are those providing for dependent, handicapped, defective, and delinquent
persons.
The prov is ions for the relief of dependency are:
general relief, old age assistance, aid to dependent children
in their own homes, blind assistance, care of dependent and
neglected children by agencies and institutions, and veteran
relief. Functions performed for the welfare of handicapped and
defective persons are: the care and treatment of the insane,
the feeble-minded, and the epileptics; and services to the blind.
individuals also contain provision tor supplementary services to prevent
blindness or to remove the disability.
Questions may be raised as to the desirability ot including the care or
dependent and neglected children in roster homes and institutions as well
as aid to dependent children 1n their own homes among reliet and public assistance !unctions. Despite the tact that important !actors other than
need are involved 1n caring tor dependent and neglected ch1ldren, tn1s
!unction has been included tor the tollowing reasons: many children are
placed in roster homes and 1nst1 tut ions because they are in need and e.1pendi tures tor their care are made trom public tunds; moreover, several or
the State s ta tu tes do not d1s tingu 1sh be tween the types or care granted
children, and make provision tor money payments to roster homes and 1nst1tut1ons caring tor children 1n the same manner as tor children who are cared
tor by relatives 1n their own homea; 1n add1t1on, powers and duties relative
to roster home and inst1tut1onal care or children are vested in several or
the State agencies es tabllshed to administer or supervise relier and public
assistance, e.1c1us1ve or other public weltare runct1ons.
Questions also may be raised as to the desirability or including statutes
wn icb provide ror the care or veterans w1 thou t prescribing need.
'l'he
tnree t.YJ.l~S or su•tUtes inc1uaed unuar vei:.eran relier 1n 1J11s study are
those making special provision tor direct relier, pensions, and institutional
care. AU or the st.atutes providing tor direct rel1e! to veterans prescribe
need as a cond1t1on tor ellgibil1ty. About one-halt or the State statutes
providing tor veterans• pensions· and most or the laws providing institutional
care prescribe need. Complete coverage or statutes ra111ng within these
three groups bas necessitated the inclusion or those statutes which do not
specUy need. Whether or not need ls a condition to eUgibil1t3' is indicated on tables 28, 30, aua 32.
~early one-third or the State agencies which have adm1nistrative or supervisory powers ln relation to relief and public assistance also have the
respons1b111tY tor the aam1n1strat1on or supervision ot the maJority ot
public weltsre !unctions pertormed by the State.

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INTROOUCTION • XV
Provisions for delinquents include: care, confinement, and reformation of juvenile and adult delinquents; and the administration of parole and probation. Among the borderline functions,
which are considered only in those States where the responsibili t;y
for their administration has been placed within a department of
public welfare, are: care of crippled children; maternal and
child health; education of the deaf, the dumb, and the blind;
vocational rehabilitation; and care of persons afflicted with
tuberculosis. 3
3 The

deteratnatlon or runctlona to be covered bJ tile present anal;vsu
bJ the ro11owlog ■ethod. ror the purpose or the orlg1oal studles
(Dlgest or Publlc Welfare Provlsloos Under tlie Laws or the several States)
upon whlCll thls part or the aoalt8ls ls based, &DJ' runctlon the aelll1olstratlon
or wh1Cb was placed by law wlth1o a State departlleot or public we1rare or
alallar agency 1D &DJ State was considered to be a publlc welfare ruocttoo
lo every State, and all State laws provld1og ror these runctlons were aoa11zed. Upon the completlon or these studies a reappraisal was made to deter■ 1ne mat ruoctloos should be cons1atentl;v considered or a public weltars
oature. Certain ruoct1ona whlch were contained 1n these State studies but
which are pertol'lled aore trequeotl7 te- departments or education and depart■ enta or public health aod are considered by authorities to be more appropr1atel7 educational or health runctlona were thus ellatoated troa the scope
or the present report. However, 1D States Where the adalnlstratton or these
runcttona ta placed wltb1o' a public welfare depart■ ent, the7 have been toeluded in order to 1Dd1cate the breadth otact1vit1" or the particular depart-

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Section I
DEVELOPMENT OF .PUBLIC WELFARE IN THE
UNITED STATES

THE PRINCIPLE of public responsibility for the dependent classes
was recognized by the English poor laws. The English system of
poor relief dates back to the fourteenth century, but it was not
until the Poor Relief Act of 1601 that a unified srstem was established. This act which was incorporated into colonial statutes formed the basis for colonial poor relief systems.
The early colonial laws provided only custody for dependent,
defective, and delinquent persons who received practically the
same treatment. Prior to 1700 the boarding of paupers with local
citizens was an established practice, since neither cash relief
nor almshouse care was common. Jails housed delinquents of all
ages. The insane, if homeless and indigent, received care as
paupers, perhaps by the lowest bidder willing to assume charge
of such persons; if the insane were considered to be dangerous
to the community they were thrown into jail; if they were not
paupers and were not destructive they were given no care.
In the New England colonies responsibility for poor relief
devolved upon the towns. The Southern colonies adopted the
county as the administrative unit. In the Middle colonies a
combination of the two systems existed with responsibility in
some instances placed upon counties and in other instances upon
towns, townships, and other local governmental units. In Virginia
and Maryland the care of indigents and the insane rested with the
vestries of the established church until the Revolutionary War
dissolved the relation of church and State. At this time county
boards of overseers of the poor were created to assume the function of the church in the administration of relief. The colonial
systems were carried over unchanged by the State governments
after the revolution.
Specialized care of the dependent, defective, and delinquent
groups developed slowly during the eighteenth century and the
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2 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
early part of the nineteenth century. It was not until the
latter half of the nineteenth century that the need for differeatiation in types of care given each group and for classification within the defective and delinquent groups began to be
recognized. Classification of dependent persons, however, did
not take place to any great extent until after 1900.
Specialized treatment first took the form of institutional
care of insane and delinquent persons. The first attempt at
institutional care of the insane
a specialized class was in
1752 in connection with the Pennsylvania Hospital at Philadelphia.
The first State institution in the United States devoted exclusively to the care of the insane was opened at Williamsburg,
Virginia, in 1773. A few other State institutions were opened
early in the nineteenth century, and in 1843 the Utica State
Hospital in New York, soon to become a model for other such
institutions, was established. In the meantime a few sectarian,
private, and semiprivate institutions for the insane had been
established, some of which were later taken over by the State
or were opened to public patients at State, county, or local
expense.
The earliest institutions for the care of criminals and misdemeanants were local jails. The first significant change in
our prison system came in 1790 when Pennsylvania inaugurated
the classification of prisoners according to the offense conmitted. Later the Auburn State Prison in New York State, established
in 1816, became a model prison for other States. New York established a parole system in 1876, and Massachusetts passed the
first State probation law in 1878.
The first State institution for delinquent children was provided in Massachusetts in 1854. The first juvenile court was
created in Illinois in 1899.
Special institutions, both custodial and educational, for the
feeble-minded and the epileptic were established in New York,
Massachusetts, and Ohio before 1900. Workshops for the adult
blind and special hospitals for the crippled were also established in a few States before the turn of the century.
With the establishment of State institutions, there developed
a need for a centralized State agency for the controlor supervi-sion of institutional care. Massachusetts created the first
State board of charities in 1863. New York and Ohio established
such boards in 1867, and other State boards of welfare, with
varying scopes of activities, were later established in practically all of the States.
Since 1900 there has been much improvement in provisions for
all groups requiring institutional care. With institutional
control largely centralized in most States, emphasis has shifted
from custody to care and treatment. The main objectives of
institutions for delinquents and defectives are now education,

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DEVELOPMENT OF PUBLIC WELFARE IN THE UNITED STATES• 3
reformation, rehabilitation, and restoration to useful citizenship.
Until relatively recently the only legislation in this country
for the public care of needy individuals other than children
and war veterans was contained in the State poor laws, which
had undergone little change since colonial days. From the early
part of the eighteenth century until the latter part of the
nineteenth century, almshouse care was considered to be the best
method of providing for the poor. Outdoor care under the poor
laws was not provided for to any extent prior to the last third
of the nineteenth century. Poor relief recipients were usually
designated "paupers" and, in certain States, were deprived of
some of the privileges of citizenship. Frequently, these statutes
required "paupers' oaths" and excluded from military duty those
requiring public aid. The posting of the names of such individuals in a public place was common. Many States disfranchised
recipients of this relief, ~d a few refused them the right to
marry.
Eventually with increased acceptance of social responsibilities, State legislatures recognized that there were certain
classes of needy individuals who were entitled to public assistance without being subjected to the pauperizing aspects of the
poor la~. This recognition resulted in special legislation
providing for such types of needy individuals as dependent and
neglected children and orphans, mothers with dependent children,
the blind, and the aged.
Private institutions for the care of dependent and neglected
children and orphans were first established late in the eighteenth
century, but laws providing public care for these children by
agencies and institutions were enacted mainly during the last
third of the nineteenth century. Aid to dependent children in
their own homes was a still later development. The first statute
providing aid to dependent children in their own homes was not
enacted until 1911, 1 but the adoption of this type of legislation
was rapid, and by 1920 the majority of States had passed such
statutes which were known as ''mothers I aid" or "widows I pension"
laws. There has been considerable revision in this legislation,
however, since the enactment of the Federal Social Security Act
in 1935.
The first blind assistance law was enacted in Indiana in 1840,
but the development of legislation in this field was not rapid
until after 1910. 2 The greatest development occurred with in
the 5-year period from 1933 through 1937.
1tussour1 and Ill1no1s were the rirst States to enact th1s type or le;;1slat1on. The !11ssour1 statute applied only to St. Louis C1tY and Jacltson
County. The Ill1no1s statute was the t1rst State-wide law.
2The Indiana statute was a county optional law. Toe next State law proV1d1ng blind assistance was passed 1n 0h1o 1n 1898; however, such a statute
was enacted tor New York C1 ty 1n 1872.

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4 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Old age assistance has developed still more recently. The
first State law was passed in Arizona in 1914 but was declared
unconstitutional and it was not until 1923 that the next State
statute was enacted. 3 There has been a tremendous increase in
this type of legislation within the last 5 years, particularly
since 1935 when Federal legislati'0n providing for grants to
States for assistance to the aged was adopted.
Special provisions for relief to war veterans have been included in State statutes since colonial days. The end of each
war has brought forth additional statutes providing aid to needy
individuals with honorable records of military service. In a
number of States the poor laws contained separate provisions for
the care of veterans which removed them from the pauperizing
effect of the statutes.
In spite of these special types of legislation, probably the
majority of needy persons who received public assistance were
still provided for under the old poor laws until 1931. The
diminishing importance of the old poor relief statutes has been
one of the most important developments in the field of relief
and public assistance within the last 7 or 8 years. By 1931
it had become evident that the provi_l?ionsof the poor laws were
not adequate to care for the rapidly mounting burden of unemployment resulting from the serious depression which had begun in
1929; and it was in 1931 that the first State legislation providing for emergency unemployment relief was enacted. 4 This
legislation was adopted to supplement the existing relief prov1s1ons. In some States the emergency program was integrated
with existing outdoor relief systems and in others separate
programs were established. By 1933 nearly three-fourths of the
States had enacted legislation to provide emergency unemployment
relief.
In the latter part of 1932 the Federal Government beg an to
loan funds to State and local governmental uni ts for the relief
of the unemployed. In May 1933 the Federal Emergency Relief
Administration was authorized to allocate funds to the States
for emergency unemployment relief purposes. This factor was
largely responsible for the enactment of much of the State emergency relief legislation. The basic reason for both the Federal
and State activity, of course, was the widespread economic reverses which had been caused by the depression. Federal Emergency Relief Administration grants to the States for emergency
unemployment relief purposes were discontinued in December 1935,
when the Works Program, provided for in the Federal Fmergency
3Hon·tana, Nevada, and Pennsylvania enacted old age assistance l&'lfs In
1923. The Nevada la'lf '!fas repealed the same :,ear and the Pennql Yanla statute
'!fas declared unconstitutional.
4 Ne'lf Jerse:,, Ne'lf Tork, Oklahoma, Penns:,lY&nla, and Rhode Island proY1ded
State runds tor emergenc:, unemplo:,ment re11er during 1931.

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DEVELOPMENT OF PUBLIC WELFARE IN THE UNITED STATES• 5
Relief Appropriation Act of 1935, was furnishing employment to
the bulk of the needy employable load.
From its inception in 1931, emergency unemployment relief
tended to overshadow poor relief in the general relief field.
During the years from 1931 to 1934 the bulk of the general relief
load (i.e., needy persons who were not receiving old age assistance, blind assistance, aid to dependent children, and other
special types of relief or assistance I was being assisted largely
on an emergency basis. The need for a longer range program
became recognized in 1935 when a transition began in the field
of general relief which led to the superseding of both the emergency unemployment relief and poor relief systems in many States
by permanent programs of general relief in which the States
participate both financially and administratively. There has
been a small decline since 1935 in the number of States which
participate in general relief programs. This has been due to
the expiration of emergency relief legislation in a few States
which have not replaced it by permanent general relief legislation.5
Prior to 1933 the responsibility for the administration and
financing of relief and public assistance was most frequently
placed upon local uni ts of government, although a majority of
States had assumed responsibility for State institutions for
children and veterans. In instances where the State participated
in the administration of two or more programs, the tendency was
to set up separate agencies to carry out the different functions.
This same tendency also existed in local governmental units.
By 1935 the prevailing practice had changed and from that year
until the present the majority of laws which have been enacted
in the relief and public assistance fields- have provided for
State responsibility and for the direct administration or supervision of all of these functions by a single State agency.
This bas been largely due to the enactment of the Federal Social Security Act which requires State administrative participation before the Federal Government may reimburse States for
expenditures for old age and blind assistance, and aid to dependent children.
By January l, 1939, very few States did not have legislation
providing for all types of relief and assistance. Delaware has
made no provision for blind assistance or for the special care
5 1io attempt has been made to d1st1n~1.1ish among poor rel!er, emergency unemployment relier, and permanent general re11er programs, except in individual
States where two or more programs eJ:1st which are administered by <11rrerent
agencies and/or rinanced by dtrrerent governmental units. The majority or
States which have assumed some administrative responsiblltty ror general
relief have placed th! s responsi bl 11 tY within a permanent agency which administers the maJor1tY ot the other relief and public assistance !unctions
performed by the State. Other States are at present talting steps to achieve
this same result and only a small number have programs which appear to be
purely temporary or emergency 1n character (tables 1-6).

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6 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
of veterans; Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, and West Virginia have
made no special provision for veterans. 0 Detailed provisions
of the laws in effect in all States, and in Alaska, Hawaii, and
the Uistrict of Columbia as of January 1, 1939, are indicated
in the following sections and supporting tables.
6 1n order to completely cover all or the ·nteran leg1slat1on co111ng lf1tb1n
the scope ot th111 study (see footnote 1), the States are considered to ban
111ade special provision tor veterans, even though need 111 not involved 1n
the consideration or el1g1b1l1t7. SpecU1c 1ntor111at1on on these lalfs ls
contained 1n tables 28-33, 1nclus1Ye, and described 1n the tezt on pages
26-27.

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Section II
ELIGIBILITY PROVISIONS AND TYPES OF CARE
GRANTED RECIPIENTS OF RELIEF AND PUBLIC
ASSISTANCE
ALL OF the State statutes providing for relief and public assistance define the class of persons eligible and the types of
care which may be granted. The more recent enactments are much
ac,re general in their terminology than were the earlier statutes
and allowconsiderab!y more administrative discretion in determining who shall receive relief and public assistance and in
deciding the kind and amount of such aid.

GENERAL RELIEF
The general relief laws ( tables 1-5 l as they appear on the
statute books of many States at the- present time are an admixture
of the old poor relief statutes and the recent laws drafted in
the light of modern concepts; accordingly their interpretation
raises 11&.ny problems. The class of persons cared for under these
statutes cannot be accurately defined. They consist of that
residual group of needy persoas who are either not eligible for
special forms of State relief andpublic assistance or for Federal Yorks Program emplo,ment, or who because of lack of funds
or soae other reason cannot be cared for under these special
programs. 1
Eligibility requirements consist mainly of need and residence
(table 2), The terms poor, MBd/J, and tndttent appearfrequent!y,
but none of the statutes contain an exact definition of Med.
Nearly two-thirds of the States have some provision relating to
the liability of relatives to support applicants for general relief (table 31, In some of these States no relief may be given
if the applicant has a legally responsible relative able to support him, and in a few others relief may be granted and reimburseaen t obtained from such relatives byvoluntary or court action..
1 o•-rol r•U•f aa used 111 thia report includes all ~pea or rellet granted
to recipients described &boYe, It includes institutional care and aerYlees
&a well aa direct relief (table 6), Thia detlnitlon 1s aoaewhat broader than
the one generall.7 uaed in at&tlatle&l reporting, Dellaltatlon or the field
la 11eeeaaar7 ln at&tlatlc&l reporting because or the lack or lntorntlon
concarnln& the n1111ber ot persona eared tor ln alaahouaea, b7 contract, etc.

7

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8 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
State and local residence requirements are prescribed in nearly
one-half of the States, while over an additional one-third of
the State statutes specify periods of local residence only.
Residence in the State satisfies the requirement in Delaware
and Minnesota, and in five States there is no residence requirement prescribed by statute. State residence requirements range
from 1 to 3 years, and in those States which prescribe both
State and local residence the State residence period required
is usually longer than the local period. This has the effect
of restricting the entrance into the State of persons who are
not self-supporting and of allowing some freedom for intrastate
movement. Local residence periods range from 90 days to 5 years.
In the New England States and New York the State assumes responsibility for "state poor"; i.e.,persons for whom no governmental unit is responsible because they fail to meet local
residence requirements. Indians on reservations also come within
this class in New York. It is interesting that in more than
three-fourths of the State laws some provision is made for the
temporary relief of nonresidents (table 51.
The old poor relief statutes have not been repealed in many
States but have been supplemented and broadened by the recent
laws providing for general relief. Under the recent laws, relief
is given to needy persons in their own homes by means of money
payments rather than by placing them in almshouses or contracting
for their care (table 51. There are, however, a few State laws
which still specify only almshouse care, contract care, or some
other method for the relief of the poor. Because of the current
tendency to replace alr.1shouse care with public assistance and
direct relief in some States, it is probable that most of these
institutions will eventually either fall into disuse or be converted into infirmaries. The letting out of the poor and contracting for their support are still provided for in approximately
one-third of the States. The extent to which this practice is
currently being followed is not known, but it has undoubtedly
diminished greatly within the last 5 or 6 years. Public medical
care and hospitalization are provided for indigent persous in
nearly all of the States. These provisions are, for the most
part, contained in the poor relief statutes; however, in a few
of the States special provisions for the hospitalization of the
indigent sick have been recently enacted while in others the
general relief statutes though not specifically authorizing
medical care and hospitalization are so worded as to appear to
allow the granting of this type of aid. 2 The majority of State
statutes provide for the burial of person, leaving insufficient
resources for burial.
2ttany States have J11ade provisions tor the care or poor persons ln State
hospitals Which are rrequentlY connected "1th the medical schools or State
universities. These provisions do not appear ln the general reuer statutes.

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RIGIBILITY PROVISIONS AND TYPES OF CARE GRANTED• 9
Many of the early statutes granting poor relief deprived recipients. of such citizenship right·s as the exercise of franchise
and the right to marry and excluded them from military duty
I table 41. These provisions (both constitutional and statutory I
do ·not assume the same importance today a:s they did prior to
1931, except in a few States, since many of them are directed
at paupers and most of the recent State laws do not specify
general relief recipients as "paupers." The provisions of this
type which remain on the statute books of the States have been
included intable4 but are probably ine!!ectiveinmany States.

OLD ASE ASSISTANCE
Old age assistance statutes (tables 6-111 provide for cash
payments to needy individualswhohave reached a specified age,
usually 65 years. A few States have established an age limit
of 70, while Colorado has lowered its limit to 60 but grants
aid to persons under 65 only if they are registered voters and
have resided in the State for 35 years preceding the application.
Citizenship, residence, and need are the most frequent qualifications to be met before an aged person becomes eligible for
this assistance (tables 7 and 81. A few State laws contain requirements relating to the moral fitness of an applicant. Nearly
two-thirds of the old age assistance statutes require that a
recipient be a citizen of the United States, but a few of these
State laws waive the citizenship requirement if the applicant
has resided in the country for a specified period-usually ro
or 25 years. The reside•nce requirement enacted in all but a
few States- is that the applicant must have resided within the
State 5 of the 9 years imediately preceding his application
and 1 year immediately preceding the application. The provision
in the Federal Social Security Act which prevents the Social
Security Board from approving a State plan which excludes persons
who can fulfill this requirement from receiving benefits is
responsible for the large number of States which have adopted
this State residence requirement.
Residence within a local governmental unit is required by law
in a small number of States, some of which prescribe that the
total financial burden must be assumed by the State if the applicant has no local residence. Such provision is enacted only
for the purpose of placing the financial responsibility when
the local units contribute to the payment of assistance. A
State which en!orces local residence requirements so as to bar
applicants not meeting such requirements is ineligible for Federal assistance to the aged under the Social Security Act.
The majority of the State old age assistance statutes define
need in general rather than specific terms, leaving to administrative determination the actual need of an individual applicant

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10 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION

( table 8 l. The terminology most frequently used is that the
applicant must not have sufficient property or income to provide reasonable subsistence compatible with decency and health.
Approximately one-third of the States have retained or adopted
the limitations found frequently in the earlier statutes which
defined need by placing limits upon the maximum amount of property and the maximum income a recipient could have and still
be eligible. All but one State (Oregon) disqualify applicants
who have disposed of property in order to qualify. In some
jurisdictions the property must have been disposed of within a
specified period (from 2 to 5 years I prior to the filing of the
application. 3
Applicants who have relatives legally liable and able tosupport them are ineligible for old age assistance in about onehalf of the States. Many laws disqualify applicants who are
receiving other types of public assistance or who are inmates
of ins ti tut ions. Because of the provision in the Federal act
which forbids payments to States for grants to inmates of public
institutions, such inmates are disqualified more frequently than
those of private institutions. Some statutes disqualify only
3.Approumately two-thirds ot the States granting old age assistance provide tor recovery by the State or the uount or as81stance properu, granted
recipients (table 10). These provisions take three toru, all or which aN
round in some State laws. One eype provides tor an asslgn•ent or tranater
or the recip1ent•s property prior to the granting or assistance • .Another
type provides ror the execution ot an agreement by the recipient to re1•burse the State and/or local unit tor the a11ount ot assistance received.
These two eypes may be properly considered as a requirement to be 11et be tore
the appllcani; becomes eligible to receive old age asslstance. The third type
does not so directly attect t.lle ~plicant•s eliCibililF as it provides tor
a statutory llen or a prior clal• against the property or the recipient
which does not take errect until his death or the death or both ttie recipient
and hls spouse. All or the State statutes which proTide tor the assignment
or transrer or the property or a recipient also provide ror Uens or clUae
against the recipient's estate •
.About one-third or the States provide tor the assignment or the reclplent•s
property to administrative agencies or require a transfer or such property
to the State or local unit. These provisions are not orten mandatory, and
the advisab1lity or requiring an assignment or transfer ls generally lett
to administrative discretion • .A rew or the States providing tor an assign11ent or transfer require the administrative agency to assume control ot the
property and administer it tor the benetlt ot the recipient.
Provisions requiring the reclplent to execute an agreement to reimburse
the State or local unlt tor the amount or assistance granted are round in
a tew States and are supplementary to the other eypes or provisions tor
recovery.
Llens or c1a1ms agalnst the recipient's estate ror the total amount or
ald granted are provided by statute ln about two-tblrda or the States, several or which charge interest on the a•ount or ald granted.
Approumately one-third or the States have ao11e prov1a1on tor 1-edlata
recovery 1n case or 111srepresentat1011 or concealment of lncoM or property
by the recipient. Some or the st.atutes, aa a pen&ley, allow double recoven
ln such lns tancea. Prov1al ons allowing 111111edlate recovery ln cases "here
the recipient becomes possessed or property or lncome ln excess or hlil need
or in excess or the amount stated ln the appUcatlon are also round ln approximately one-third or the State statutes.
Prov1slona tor recovery are also round in approxlllStely one-halt or the
general reuer a ta tu tea ( table 3) and in about one-tblrd or the bllnd assistance statutes (table 16). Tbese provisions usually tak.e the torm ot a
Uen or a c1&111 ag&lns t the es ta ta or a reclp lan t.

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ELIGIBILITY PROVISIONS AND TYPES OF CARE GRANTED• 11
inmates of penal institutions, reformatories, or insane asylums
(table 7). The provision that an applicant in need of continuing
institutional care is ineligible for old age assistance if such
care is reasonably available appears frequently (table 91.
Provisions disqualifying applicants because of lack of moral
fitness are contained in the laws of a few States (table 7l.
These provisions are ba:sed on the theory that old age assistance
is granted for service the recipient has rendered the community
by being a good citizen. The desertion of one's spouse or the
commission of a felony within a specified period prior to application and the failure to support chil.dren <usually under 16
years of agel are among the most common acts which disqualify
applicants for old age assistance. The laws of a few States
also make an applicant ineligible for old age assistance if he
has been a tramp or beggar within a period of l or 2 years prior
to his application.
The maximum amount which an applicant may receive is specified
in m~t States, with a few States also specifying minimum allowances (table 11>. Also, a number of States have attempted to
determine the standard of the grant by establishing an income
which recipients of old age assistance are entitled to receive
from all sources combined. These statutes provide that the
grant shall be an amount which when added to the recipient's
income from other sources will equal the established figure.
The amount of the maximum grants allowed by law ranges from
Sl5 to $45 a month for an individual, with the majority of States
adopting the $30 maximum. This maximum has probably been adopted
because of the Federal Social Security Act which provides for
matching State grants to individuals in an amount not exceeding
$15 a mon.th. The majority of statutes provide for burial allowances (ranging from $75 to $1501 if the estate of the deceased
is insufficient to cover burial expenses.

BLIND ASSISTANCE
Blind assistance statutes (tables 12-171 provide for cash
payments to needy blind individuals. The more important qualifications for the receipt of this assistance are: age, citizenship, degree and incurability of blindness, and need (tables 13
and 141. The majority of States have specified a minimum age
I ranging fran 16 to 21 years I under which a person is ineligible
for blind assistance. Since other provisions have been made
for the education and training of young persons it has been considered that money payments should not be made to blind minors
before they have had the opportunity through specialized training and education to become self-supporting. Two State laws
render ineligible persons over 65 years old, with the intention
of granting such persons old age assistance.

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12 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Citizenship in the United States is much less frequently a
requirement for blind assistance than for old age assistance.
Only one-fourth of the States demand citizenship as a prerequisite for aid to the blind, whereas approximately three-fourths
require it for old age assistance.
A statutory period of State residence, however, is specified
for blind assistance in all the States with the exception of
New Mexico and Massachusetts, while local residence requirements
exist in only a few States. The most frequent State residence
requirement is that also found in old age assistance laws, namely:
that the applicant must have resided in the State 5 of the 9
years immediately preceding the application and for at least 1
year immediately preceding the application. Many of the States
have alternative provisions which waive the residence requirement if a person has become blind while a resident of the State.
In other States periods of residence range from l year to 10
years immediately preceding the application. In some States in
which the local units contribute to the payment of blind assistance a local residence requirement is prescribed for the purpose
of determining financial liability. In these States if an applicant has no local residence, the State pays the total amount
of assistance. As in the case of old age assistance laws, States
whose statutes prescribe a local residence and deny aid if that
requirement is not met are ineligible for Federal aid under the
Social Security Act.
Blindness is usually defined in general terms which state that
vision with correcting glasses must be so defective as to prevent the performance of ordinary activities for which eyesight
is essential, leaving to administrative determination the technical degree of blindness necessary for eligibility of the applicant. However, a few States define blindness in technical
optometric terms. In approximately one-fourth of the States
the administering officials may require as a condition to receiving blind assistance that an applicant undergo treatment or
an operation if there is a possibility of restoring his sight.
A blind person unable to support himself or having insufficient income or resources to provide reasonable subsistence
compatible with decency and health is eligible for blind assistance in three-fourths of the States, provided he meets the additional requirements specified by law. Applicants for blind
assistance are denied aid in approximately one-half of the States
if there are persons legally liable and able to support them.
Three States have no statutory need qualifications, and the remaining States place a specific limitation on the amount of
property and income which an individual may have without becoming ineligible for blind assistance. The limitations on
property range from $2,500 to $5,000, and the limit placed upon
income (including assistance l ranges from $360 to $1,200 a year.

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ELIGIBILITY PROVISIONS AND TYPES OF CARE GRANTED• 13
A provision disqualifying applicants who have disposed ofpropertf in order to qualify is contained in the majority of blind
assistance statutes. As in old age assistance statutes this
provision usually specifies that the property must have been
disposed of within periods ranging from 2 to 5 years prior to
the application .
Blind assistance recipients are disqualified from receiving
any other type of public assistance in approximately one-third
of the States, and in an additional one-half of the States they
are specifically disqualified from receiving old age assistance
(table 151.
Inmates of institutions are frequently barred from the receipt
of blind assistance. A provision disqualifying applicants who
are in need of continuing institutional care is found in several
of the statutes. The solicitation of alms also disqualifies
recipients in about one-half of the States.
The maximum amount which an applicant may receive is specified
in most States, with a few States also specifying minimum allowances (table 171. The maximum which may be granted ranges from
$15 to $50 a month. The majority of States have adopted a maximum of S30 a month. As in the case of old age assistance, the
Federal Social Security Act provides for matching State grants
to blind assistance recipients in an amount not to exceed $15
a month. Additional assistance or supplementary services for
the purpose of removing a disability may be given in many
States. In several of these States supplementary services may
be granted to blind individuals who would not be otherwise entitled to monthly allowances. This provision has been included
as a preventive measure in the hope that a person's eyesight
may be so improved as to enable him to become self-supporting
before he actually needs blind assistance. Approximately onethird of the States provide burial allowances ($50 to $1501 for
recipients of blind assistance.

DEPENDENT CHILDREN
There are two types of provisions for dependent children.
One type provides for those children who may be cared for in
their own homes and the homes of relatives or specified persons
by means of cash payments to the person responsible for the care
of the child ( tables 18-21 I. The other type relates to orphans
or children who are neglected and hence are dependent upon the
public for support (tables 22-271. These latter children frequently come within the jurisdiction of the juvenile courts and
are placed and maintained in foster -homes or institutions.

Aid to Dependent Children in Their Own Homes
Eligibility requirements for aid to dependent children in
their own homes relate principally to age, residence, the persons
eligible to care for the child, and need (tables 19 and 201.

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14 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
In the majority of States a child must be under 16 years of
age in order for his relatives to be eligible to receive aid in
his behalf. There are, however, two States which place the age
at 14, and a few have placed the age at 18 years.
Citizenship on the part of the applicant is required infrequently and in the majority of these States a declaration by
the applicant of his or her intention to become a citizen satisfies the requirement. Only one State statute requires that the
child must be a citizen.
The residence requirement adopted by the majority of States
is that the child must have resided in the State for 1 year
immediately preceding the application or have been born in the
State within 1 year ill1llediately preceding the application if
its mother resided in the State 1 year immediately preceding
its birth. This provision is the most stringent State residence
requirement which a State may enact and st ill be eligible for
grants under the Federal Social Security Act. A few States
require that the applicant have a local residence of 1 or 2
years. As in the two other social security categories, a requirement of local residence which prohibits the granting of
aid tocases not meeting the requirement disqualifies the State
for reimbursement under the Social Security Act.
Any of the following relatives, if caring for the child, are
eligible to receive aid under most State statutes: father,
mother, grandfather, grandmother, brother, sister, stepfather,
stepmother, stepbrother, stei:sister, uncle, or aunt. These are
the persons who are specified as eligible bytheFederalSocial
Security Act. A few States specify that only mothers may receive aid, while a few others have broadened the class so as to
include any person standing in loco parent is to the child.
Less than one-third of the State laws contain -provisions relating to the fitness of the person caring for the child. These
provisions usually state that the person must be morally, mentally, and physically fit to care for the child; interpretation
of this phrase is left to administrative discretion. Nearly
one-half of the State laws specify that the home must be suitable for the purposes of raising the child.
Need is not expressed in definite terms in the majority of
statutes, but it must arise from certain conditions or circumstances. Financial inability of applicant is not sufficient to
meet the need qualification. The prevailing requirement, enacted in three-quarters of the States, is very broad and specifies that the applicant must be unable to support the child and
that such inability must be caused by the death, continued
absence from the home, or the physical or mental incapacity of
a parent. A few statutes, much narrower in their provisions,
all<M aid only if the father is dead or mentally incapacitated.

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ELIGIBILITY PROVISIONS AND TYPES OF CARE GRANTED• 15
H~ever, in some of the States with narrow statutory provisions,
aid may be granted to a mother who is divorced or unmarried, or
wbose husband is an inmate of an institution. Only a few States
place any specific limitation upon the amount of property which
an applicant may own.
Allowances for aid to dependent children are based upon the
number of children being cared for by the applicant (table 211.
They are usually expressed in maximum teI111S, and the sum allOied
for the first child is generally greater than for each additional
child. The Federal Social Security Board makes grants to States
for one-third of their expenditures for aid to dependent children up to a maximum grant of $6 a month for the first child and
$4 for each additional child. The maximum grant of $18 a month
for the first child and $12 for each additional child has been
adopted in less than 10 States. Other grants range from $2.50
a week for each child up to $25 a month for the first child,
with a limit of $75 for an entire family. About one-half of the
S.t ates do not specify maximum allowances but state that aid must
be granted in the amount necessary for the support of the child
in a manner compatible with decency and health. Burial allOiances ( ranging from $50 to $1501 are provided for in seven States.
Dependent and Neglected Children

Dependent and neglected children are those children who are
dependent upon the public for support because they have no persons responsible for their care or because the persons responsible for their care have neglected this responsibility. Since
these children have no suitable homes of their own and their
relatives are not willing to make homes for them, it is necessary to care for them by other means (table 221. They are usually, though not always, brought within the jurisdiction of the
juvenile court for the purpose of deciding questions of guardianship and liability for their care. Where these questions
are not involved, many public and private agencies have the
power and authority to care and provide for children, but in
all jurisdictions it is necessary to obtain a court order to
remove children from the custody of parents who are neglecting
them. Children must be under specified ages ( ranging from 10
to 21 years depending upon the State, with the majority of States
placing the age for boys at 16 and girls at 181 to cone within
the jurisdiction of the juvenile court. In all States any child
under the statutory age who is destitute, homeless, abandoned,
and dependent upon the public for support or who is living in
an unfit environment with improper parental care may be placed
in a foster home, a public institution, or with a private association or agency willing to care for it (table 241. The majority of statutes express a preference for foster home care

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16 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
and provide in most instances that children maintained in institutions shall be placed in private homes · as soon as possible.
Thirty-one States and the District of Columbia maintain institutions for the care of dependent and neglected children, and
many States provide for the establishment of county and local
detention homes and institutions (tables 25 and 261.
In several States dependent and neglected children may be committed to industrial schools and similar institutions designated
by law as primarily for the care of delinquent children. Some
State statutes specifically prohibit the maintaining of children
in almshouses; but in jurisdictions which have no such expressed
prohibition, children may be cared for in these institutions.
There has been, however, a decided trend away from this type of
care.

VETERAN RELIEF
Special statutory provisions for the care and support of veterans exist in practically all States (tables 28-331 . ., These
provisions are of three types: direct relief 126 States), pensions 1·21 States), and care in State institutions 138 States).
The majority of statutes providing for direct relief include
the wives, widows, and dependent children of veterans in the
class of eligibles; over one-half of the statutes also include
other dependent relatives. Pensions are granted only to the
veteran or his widow under the majority of State pension acts;
a few provide for pensions to other dependent relatives. Care
in State institutions is generally restricted to veterans and
their wives or widows; only about one-half of the States provide
for institutional care of other dependent relatives. Nurses who
served int ime of war are frequently designated as eligible for
relief, pensions, and institutional care. Servants of soldiers
are granted pensions under the laws of a few of the Southern
States.
Eligibility requirements for all three types of veteran assistance relate principally to residence, the war in which service was rendered, and need. Disability is a condition for
receipt of such aid in a few States, some of whose statutes provide that the disability must have resulted from military service.
4veterans are usually ellglble ror any type or reuer and assistance provided they meet the quall!icatlons imposect. However, special provisions
ror veterans have been macte ln many States anct 1 t ls these speclal provlslons
whlch are rererrect to 1n the ctlscusslon or veteran reller. Some or the
statutes provlctlng ror pensions or lnstltutlonal care ror veterans do not
prescribe neect as a qualltlcatlon ror ellglblllty. These statutes have
been lncluctect In the tabulations and text only ror the purpose or provldlng
a complete coverage or legislation provlctlng reller, pensions, or lnstltutlonal alct to veterans.

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ELIGIBILITY PROVISIONS AND TYPES OF CARE GRANTED• 17
The majority of State statutes providing for all three types
of aid prescribe residence requirements. The periods of residence required for eligibility for direct veteran relief range
from 3 months to 5 years. Periods necessary for receipt of
pensions vary from 1 to 31 years. The residence requirements
for institutional care vary even more widely. In some instances
these requirements are waived if the veteran enlisted fran the
State and in other instances enlistment from the State is the
only qualification imposed in the nature ofa residence requirement.
Veterans of all wars are eligible for direct relief in the
majority of States making provisions for direct relief to veterans. H<Mever, legal provisions granting pensions to veterans
of all wars exist in onlythree States (Massachusetts, New Jersey,
and New York). Approximately three-fourths of the States providing for pensions grant them only to veterans of the Civil
War,and most of these are Southern States which grant pensions
to Confederate veterans. Minnesota does not provide pensions
to any veterans except those of the Indian Wars. World War and
Spanish-American War veterans receive pensions under the laws
of Maine.
Nearly one-half of the States providing institutional care do
not require service in any specific war but grant aid. to all
veterans of the armed forces of the United States. Approximately
one-fourth of the States provide institutional care for Civil
War veterans only, and these institutions are principally for
the care of Confederate veterans. The statutes of the remaining States specify that the veteran must have been engaged in
a particular war.
The statutes providing direct relief do not define need by
spec if ic terms but use such descriptive words as "dependent,"
"needy," and "poor." Ten of the twenty-one States granting
pensions prescribe need as a qualification; seven State laws
make disability a condition fgr receiving a pension without
prescribing need; and the remaining four State laws authorize
pensions on the basis of veteran status alone. Approximately
one-half of the States which prescribe need as a condition for
eligibility for a pensiondefine need in terms of specific limitations on property and income, while those remaining use the same
type of descriptive language as that found in the statutes providing direct relief to veterans. The statutes in two-thirds
of the States providing institutional care state in general
terms that an applicant for admittance must be in need.
The type and amount of aid granted veterans varies widely.
Relief in cash or in kind is provided for frequently under veteran direct relief statutes. Many of these laws use the term
reZtef without definition. A few of the statutes provide that
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18 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
a veteran may not be removed to an almshouse without his consent
and must receive relief in his own home. Pensions generally
take the form of fixed cash sums paid periodically and may amount
to as much as $500 a year. All of the States, whether or not
they have provision for the relief of veterans, m&ke some provision for their burial.

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Section

Ill

ADMINISTRATIVE RESPONSIBILITY FOR RELIEF AND
PUBLIC ASSISTANCE

TWO FACTORS in the early development of relief and public assistance programs greatly influenced their administration. The
first of these was the placement of administrative responsibility
upon local uni ts. The doctrine of local responsibility so firmly
established within the earliest systems was carried over to the
special types of programs which developed much later. The second
factor was the establishment in many States of separate agencies
to administer each function. Such agencies were either State
or local, depending upon the incidence of administrative responsibility. Experience showed, however, that there was often an
absence of uniform administration throughout the State when the
responsibility was entirely local and a lack of coordination and
a duplication of effort when similar functions were administered
by separate agencies. Consequently, new principles of centralization and integration have gradually been adopted.
Until as late as 1932 administrative responsibility for relief
and public assistance was usually placedexclusively upon local
units of government, except in those instances where State institutions had been established for the care of children and
veterans. In addition, the State usually assumed the administrative responsibility for veterans' pensions. With the establishment of State emergency relief agencies between 1931 and
1933, there began a definite shift away from placing full responsibility for general relief upon local uni ts. During the
period since January l, 1930, there has been also a rapid increase
in the number of States enacting old age assistance and blind
assistance laws, and there has been considerable revision in
the laws providing for aid to dependent children in their own
homes. Practically all of this new legislation has provided for
State administrative participation; by the end of 1938 the majority of States had established State agencies to administer

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20 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
directly, or to supervise, relief and public assistance. Federal
participation in the field-through the Federal F.mergency Relief
Administration (established in 19331 and later through the&>cial Security Board (established in 19351-gave impetus to the
movement toward centralization. This movement has not excluded
local participation, since the majority of States have established local agencies ei th-er to administer relief and public
assistance under the supervision of a State agency or to assist
the State agency in the administration of these programs.

INCIDENCE OF ADMINISTRATIVE RESPONSIBILITY
General Relief
State administrative participation in general relief programs
exists in less than two-thirds of the States (table 11. This
participation usually consists of the supervision by State agencies of local units having direct administrative responsibility.
Only 10 States 1 have assumed direct administrative responsibility for general relief, and in 8 of these the local uni ts
are also authorized to administer a general relief program based
on the old poor laws.

Old Age Assistance
All States have enacted old age assistance laws and have placed
some administrative responsibility upon a State agency ( table 61.
This is due directly to the provisions of the Federal Social
SecurityActwhich requirethata State agencyhaveeither direct
or supervisory responsibility for the administration of old age
assistance. Twenty-six States make the State agency directly
responsible, and the remaining twenty-two have placed supervisory responsibility upon the State agency.

Blind Assistance
Because of the influence of the Federal Social Security Act,
State administrative participation in blind assistance programs
is similar to that of old age assistance programs ( table 121.
State agencies participate in all but 1 State, with State agencies supervising local administrative units in 23 States and
having direct responsibility in 21 States. Under the laws of
New Jersey both the State and county agencies participate in
making final original determinations of blind assistance applications. In Florida each of the State and local uni ts have
direct administrative responsibility for separate programs of
blind assistance.

Aid to Dependent Children in Their Own ff0111es
State programs for aid to dependent children in their ot.n
homes must include provision for State supervision or direct
1Texas ts included tn these 10 States; however, no State tunda have been
approprtated ror the State adln1n1stered general relter progru u or Janu&rJ' 1, 1939.

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ADMINISTRATIVE RESPONSIBILITY• 21
administration i! the States are to receive Federal benefits
under the Social Security Act. As a result only 3 States out
of 48 have made no provision for such State administrative participation (table 18). State agencies are vested with supervisory
responsibility in 24 States and with direct administrative responsibility in the remaining States. Three States which have
enacted legislation to conform to the Federal Social Security
Act have retained the older "mothers' aid" statutes which are
locally administered.

Dependent and Neglected Children
State laws providing !or the care of dependent and neglected
children by agencies and in institutions are much more complex
than other relief and public assistance statutes. Because o!
the part played by juvenile courts, these programs are quasijudicial as well as administrative. Since diversified types
of care are given by both public and private agencies, it is
difficult to establish criteria !or determining direct administrative or supervisory responsibility, and it is impossible to
employ the criteria· used to place administrative responsibility
in systems which grant cash payments to individuals.
There are three steps in the administration of the care o!
dependent and neglected children. The first involves the commitment or placement o! the child with a person, association,
or institution i! it is impossible for it to remain in its own
home. The second step concerns the administration o!the actual
care of the child and the third the supervision of both placement and care.
Cammi tments of dependent and neglected children are made by
local juvenile courts, or other courts exercising juvenile jurisdiction, in all the States and Territories and in the District
of Columbia. Placements of such children are made by both State
and local welfare agencies in most States and by private childcaring agencies and public and private ins ti tut ions in some
States. Whenever questions o! guardianship or legal custody
are involved, it is necessary to bring the child within the
jurisdiction o! the juvenile court. Welfare agencies receive
children for placement by either court commitment or by voluntary
surrender of the child by its parents or guardian.
In most States the administration of the actual care of these
children is divided among State, local, and private agencies and
institutions. Thirty-one States and the District o! Columbia
have established ins ti tut ions to care for dependent and neglected
children. A number of States have provided for the establishment
of such institutions by counties or other local governmental
uni ts.
Supervision of the care of dependent and neglected children
is exercised by juvenile courts, local agencies, and State agencies. The supervisory power of the juvenile courts is derived

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22 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION

from the provision in the statutes of the majority of States
granting such courts continuing jurisdiction over children who
have appeared before them until they reach the age of 21 years
or are legally adopted, This supervision is usually performed
by probation officers or local boards of visitors appointed by
the courts who visit children cared for by both public and private agencies and institutions.
In nearly all of t.he States there is a State agency charged with
the supervision of local put>lic institutions and private agencies
and ins ti tut ions. This supervision consists of the establishment
of standards of care and their enforcement. Approximately threefourths of the States give this agency the power to license all
child-caring agencies. In about one-half of the States the
State agency may delegate power of supervision to local agencies.
Frequently, local institutions are placed by law under the supervision of county agencies which may be courts, boards of visitors,
or county welfare departments.
Veteran Rel lef

In the determination of the administrative responsibility for
veteran relief, it is necessary to consider the three types of
care (direct relief, pensions, and institutional care I separately. Ten of the twenty-six States providing !or direct relief
place the administrative responsibility exclusively upon local
uni ts. In three States private veteran organizations administer
these programs. Rhode Island and Connecticut have dual programs,
one administered by the State and the other by local uni ts.
Seven additional States have assumed complete administrative
responsibility while Georgia, Kansas, Massachusetts, and Michigan
provide for the supervision of local administration.
Veterans' pensions are directly administered by State agencies
in the majority of States. Only 5 of the 21 States providing
pensions place this responsibility upon local units, and 3 of
these provide for State supervision.
The responsibility for the direct administration of institutional care of veterans is lodged with the State in all jurisdictions but California, which provides for the establishment of
county or city veteran homes.

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Section

IV

PROVISIONS FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES
FOR THE DETERMINATION OF ELIGIBIUTY FOR
RELIEF AND PUBUC ASSISTANCE 1

THE PROCEDURE adopted for the determination of the eligibility
of an applicant is an important part of administration. The
pattern of this procedure has been set by law and depends considerably upon the location of administrative responsibility
and upon the relationship between State and local administrative
units (tables 1, 6, 12, 18, 29, 31, and 33),
The various types of procedure may be divided into two general
groups: (11 the procedures for making the final original determination; 2 and (21 those providing for further consideration
of an application if the par.ties involved are not satisfied with
the final original determination. The latter procedures consist
of appeals by the applicant, complaints by citizens, reviews by
the State agency either on its own motion or on appeal or complaint, and periodic reconsideration by State or local agencies.
FINAL ORIGINAL DETERMINATION
Relief and Public Assistance Other Than Care of Dependent and
Neglected Children by Agencies and in lnstltutlons 3

The following nine methods have been provided by law for making the final original determination: (11 exclusive investigation and determination by a State agency; (21 final original
11t la emphasized that th'lS ana17a1a 1s based entirely upon legal proY1e1ons and that actual practice uy vary rrom the adm1n1strat1ve procedures
outlined 1n this section.
2 The seemingly contradictory words final cwlfinal have been used because
under ll&llY State statutes the or1g1na1 determination ls not tlnal but must
be approved by another admlnlstrat1ve agency betore becoming etrect1ve.
The tena final original ruponsibHHy means the respanslbll 1 ty tor deter■ lnlng whether or not
an appUcan t shall recel ve reue r or ass ls tance ln
the absence or an appeal or review.
3 Becauae procedUrea tor detenuning the el1g1b1li ty or dependent and neglected children cutter coneiderably rr011 other types or relier the:, will
be conetdered separately,

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24 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
determination by the central State office upon the advice of its
local office 4 which makes the investigation; ( 3) final original
determination by the State agency upon the advice of a local
agency 5 which makes the investigation; (4) investigation and
final original determination by a local office of a State agency which establishes rules and regulations and supervises its
local office; (5) investigation and final original determination
by a local agency under supervision of a State agency; (6) investigation by a State agency which advises a local agency which
makes the final original determination; (7) investigation by a
State agencywhich makes the final original determination jointlf
with a local agency; (8) exclusive investigation and determination by a local agency; and ( 9 l investigation by one local agency
which advises a second local agency which makes the final original determination.
These procedures have not been adopted uniformly for all types
of relief and public assistance. In fact, varying procedures
for different types of relief or public assistance are found
within statutes of individual States. The procedures most canmonly enacted into law are those listed as (4) and (5) above,
in which the investigation and final original determination are
made by a local off ice or local agency under the supervision of
a State department. Legislation providing for advisory procedures [12) and (3) above] has been adopted with some frequency
as also has the provision for exclusive investigation and final
original determination by a State agency [procedure (l)]. This
latter procedure may easily be varied in practice, however, by
the delegation of part of the function of the State agency to
either its local offices or to local agencies. Such a delegation may result in making the State agency supervisory in character or in placing it in the position of receiving advice from
local offices or agencies to which investigatory powers have
been delegated.
The procedures in which one agency makes the investigation and
advises a second agency [12) and (3) above] may also vary in
practice depending upon the consideration given the recommendations of the investigating agency. In some States this procedure may amount to nothing more than a clerical check of all
applications by the agency authorized to make the final original
determination in order to ascertain whether or not matters of
form have been complied with. In other jurisdictions the powers
may result in a real weighing of the merits of each individual
application by the agency with the final authority.
4 The term ZocaZ office used here rerers to a local authority whlch ls an
agent or the State department.
5 The term ZocaZ agency rerers to an authority whlch ls an agent or the
local governmental unit,

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PROVISIONS FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES• 25
In the majority of States where the law has placed no administrative responsibility on the State, the investigation and
final original determination is made by a single local agency.
This type of procedure 18) is found most frequently in the laws
providing for general relief and direct relief to veterans.
The remaining procedures [161, 171, and (91] have been adopted
in only a few instances. 8

Dependent and Neglected Children
Because children without parents or proper guardianship cannot
be relied upon to provide for themselves adequately, legal procedures have been established which insure that dependent and
neglected children shall receive care and training. Of course,
in practically all of the States parents or guardians may for
good cause voluntarily surrender their children or wards to agencies or institutions authorized to care for them. However, in
several of these States even this voluntary surrender can be
consummated only with the approval of a court having juvenile
jurisdiction.
The procedure provided in statutes establishing juvenile courts
is fairly uniform (table 231, In all States there exist county
and city courts vested with jurisdiction over dependent and neglected children. Usually any resident of the community having
knowledge that a child is dependent or neglected may file a petition to that effect with such a court. Welfare officials are
specifically authorized frequently to file these petitions and
in some States are required to do so.
The next step, the investigation of the petition, is provided
for in all States. This investigation is usually made by probation officers attached to the juvenile court or by welfare agencies designated by the court to act in this capacity. Children
are generally placed in the care of these officers or agencies
until their final disposition has been determined by the court.
A private hearing is usually provided for. Many State laws
specify that no jury be impaneled, though several State statutes
do provide for a jury if desired by the interested parties. The
laws generally require the investigating officer to be present
to represent the interests of the child.
All of the statutes grant the presiding judge discretionary
power, within limitations, to make final disposition of the child
in a manner which will best serve its interests.
8
Relnvestlgatlons and reconsideratlons.-Provisiona ror reinvestigations
and reconsiderattona or the grant or assistance are round 1>rinci1>ally in
the statutes providlng ror the categories included in the Social Security
Act. Only a rew general reuer and none or the veteran reuer statutes
contain such provisions.
Most States provide that reinvestigations and
reconsiderations must be made When required by the State board or department,
but in some States periodic reinvestigation and reconsideration or the ellgi bill cy or all recipients are required.

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26 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION

APPEALS AND FAIR HEARINGS
The Federal Social Security Act stipulates that a State is
ineligible to receive Federal grants for old age assistance,
blind assistance, and aid to dependent children, unless it allows
an applicant for any of these three types of assistance an opportunity for a fair hearing before the State agency if his or
her claim for assistance is denied. Provisions allowing fair
hearings under such circumstances are found in the majority of
State laws providing for these three special types of aid. Frequently fair hearings are also allowed if the applicant is dissatisfied with the final original decision. Provisions allowing
appeals and fair hearings are found in relatively few State
statutes providing for general and veteran relief.
In States in which the final original decision is made by a
local administrative unit, the law generally p_rovides for an
appeal to a State agency which makes the final decision. In
States in which the final original decision is made by the State
agency, the hearing is usually conducted by the State board or
other designated officials within the State agency. Technicallf,
there is no appeal in these instances since the final original
decision is reviewed by officials of the agency which made that
decision. A few States, in which the law is directly administered by a State agency, have felt the need for a further appeal
and have made provision for an appeal to a court of law from
the decision of the officials conducting ihe fair hearing.
Provisions for appeals to courts of law are found in several
State statutes even though in some instances an appeal to a
State agency is allowed from the decision of a local agency.
Judicial review of administrative decisions has been seriouslf
opposed on the ground that the administration of relief and
public assistance is not a judicial function but one to be performed only by trained administrators. However, whenever an
applicant is denied relief or assistance under a mandatory statute, he may sue for a writ of mandamus against the administering
official, which in effect is an appeal of the original decision
to a court of law. Some of the recent statutes, with the specific intent of barring court action, make the decision of the
State agency final. Such provision tends to prevent the issuance of writs of mandamus except in those cases which have been
arbitrarily and unfairly decided against an applicant.
Approximately one-half of the State juvenile court statutes
allow appeals to higher courts. Denial of appeal, because it
seems arbitrary and may be held to abridge a constitutional
right, may result in the use of another legal method (habeas
corpus proceedings>. to achieve the same result. The exercise
of the right of appeal from juvenile court decisions may be
easily abused since an appeal, barring statutory provision to

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PROVISIONS FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES •-27
the contrary, has the legal effect of suspending the operation
of the decree until the appeal is decided. In such cases the
child is often returned to the situation which led to the juvenile court proceedings. A few States providing for appeals from
juvenile court decisions have taken steps to prevent such occurrences by requiring continued care by the court pending the
outcome of the appeal.

COMPLAINTS
Specific provisions are made in a few States for complaints
from citizens or taxpayers who believe that aid has been improperly granted. Less than one-fourth of the old age assistance
statutes contain such a provision; while in laws providing for
other types of relief and assistance, complaints are specifically authorized only in isolated instances. They do not appear
at all in veteran relief statutes. In the majority of States
authorizing complaints, it is mandatory upon the State agency
to make investigation.

REVIEW ON OWN MOTION AND FURTHER INVESTIGATION
The majority of State agencies which supervise direct administration of the public assistance provisions contained in the
Social Security Act are granted the authority to review applications on their own motion. Generally coupled with this authority is the power to make further investigations of applications. Such additional investigation may be necessary in cases
where complaints have been made or appeals taken.

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Section V
PROVISIONS FOR THE FINANCING OF RELIEF AND
PUBLIC ASSISTANCE

THE TREND toward an increasing centralization in financial responsibility for relief and public assistance is similar to t,he
trend in administrative responsibility. Financial responsibility was placed entirely upon local units in the majority of early
laws except those providing for State institutions for children
and veterans and pensions for veterans. Prior to 1930 no State
had assumed any responsibility for the total general relief
load, although New York and the New England States reimbursed
local units of government for the funds expended on the "State
poor" ( persons without leg al settlement in a local governmental
unit and for whom no local unit of government was financially
responsiblel. 1 Only 2 of the 10 States which had old age assistance programs contributed State funds to the care of the aged.
Approximately one-third of the statutes establishing programs
for aid to dependent children in their own homes and less than
one-half of blind assistance systems provided for State contributions. An increase in the proportion of States participating
in the financing of these programs began in 1933, and by January 1,
1939, most of the States had assumed some financial responsibility for all these programs.
Some State funds for general relief are currently provided in
approximately two-thirds of the States (table 51. State participation is found much more widely in the three categories (old
age, blind assistance, and aid to dependent children) included
in the Federal Social Security Act, which requires that the
State assume some financial responsibility in order to qualify
for Federal reimbursement. State funds are granted for old age
assistance in all States, over one-half of which share financial
responsibility with local units (table 111. Approximately the
1
In lfew York tbe State also assU11ed respons1b111tY ror need)' lne11ans on
resenatlons.

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30 •

STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION

same situation exists in the statutes granting blind assistance
except that two States have not as yet assumed any financial
responsibility (table 171, All but four States have made funds
available for aid to dependent children programs, but less than
one-third of them have assumed the entire responsibility (table
211.
The care of dependent and neglected children is at least partially financed by a majority of States, which maintain either
State ins ti tut ions or appropriate funds for the care of children
in foster homes or private institutions. Local units of government are also given some financial responsibility for the care
of such children in practically all of the States (table 27).
Institutional care of veterans and veterans' pensions are
financed from State funds in all State9. However, approximately
two-thirds of the States granting direct relief to veterans
place the financial responsibility upon local units (tables 29,
31, and 331.

PROVISION FOR THE DISTRIBUTION OF STATE FUNDS
Several methods have been provided for the distribution of
State funds ( tables 5, 11, 17, and 21). States assuming the
full responsibility may either distribute funds directly to individuals or may transfer such funds \o local units of government for distribution. In States which share the financial
responsibility with local units, the funds may be allotted to
local governmental units for distribution or the State may make
payments and obtain reimbursements from the local units.
The majority of States that have assumed the total financial
responsibility provide for the distribution of funds directly
to individual applicants. In most instances where the financial
responsibility is shared, State funds are allocated to local
units for distribution to individuals. A few States, however,
provide for the distribution of funds by the State which is
reimbursed by local units for their proportionate share.
The method of distribution most frequently found in instances
where the responsibility is divided consists of a rigid statutory
formula in which the percentage contributions of the State and
local units are sp~cified. The extent of State contributions
ranges from 25 percent to 90 percent of the total. Another type
of rigid statutory formula has been adopted in a few States which
provide for the distribution of funds on the basis of population.
Several State statutes have been drafted so as to allow administrative officials to consider the financial capacity of local
units. The majority of these State laws do not establish definite legal formulae for the allocation of funds but have left
to administrative discretion the determination of the need of
the various local units. A few States, however, have established

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PROVISIONS FOR THE FINANCING• 31
criteria for administrative guidance. Among them are: (l) the
number of cases and the cost of living within each local unit;
(2) the number of cases and ability of the local unit to meet
costs; and 131 population, need, and financial condition of the
local unit.
The Louisiana statutes provide for a flat percentage reimbursement but authorize the State Department of Public Welfare
to assume the total burden if a parish is unable to contribute
its share because of financial inability or legal prohibition.
Several other States which have provided for a flat percentage
contribution have also taken into consideration the possible
financial incapacity of local units and have provided for this
contingency by authorizing loans or additional grants.

SOURCES OF FUNDS FOR RELIEF AND PUBLIC ASSISTANCE
An examination of the types of funds used for relief and public assistance shows that practically all States at present are
financing these programs out of current revenue rather than from
borrowed funds. This is in sharp contrast to the general use
of borrowed funds for emergency unemployment relief prior to
1935.
Relief and public assistance are financed more frequently
from general revenue than from any other source. However, the
receipts of certain taxes are specifically appropriated to these
activities in many States, but no one type is used consistently
throughout the States. 2 Liquor and beverage taxes are applied
in about one-fourth of the Sta.tes to finance general relief,
old age assistance, blind assistance, or aid to dependent children. Sales taxes serve the same purpose in about 10 States.
Since, for the majority of local governmental uni ts, property
taxes are. the only source of revenue this type of tax is generally used where the law requires local contribution.
2on17 the legal sources or funds han been studied. In order to aake a
c011plets anal7sis or t.be sources or runds ror these activities, it would be
neceas&r1 to go be7ond the acts appropriating relier ■ one1 rro■ general reveme to dl8cover When speci tied tu:ea bad been levied to re l■ bUrse the general
tund depleted b7 such appropr1at1ons.
Buell instances cannot be traced b7
eua1n&tion or tile statutes alone.

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Section

VI

THE INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC WELFARE
FUNCTIONS WITHIN A SINGLE STATE AGENCY

RELIEF AND PUBLIC ASSISTANCE
IN 193~, following the assumption of some administrative responsibility (either directorsupervisory)bythe States for relief
and public assistance, there began a trend toward the centralization of administrative responsibility within a single State
agency. The degree of integration which has occurred varies
among the several States. Strictly speaking, complete integration exists only in those States where all types of relief
or public assistance for which the State has some administrative
responsibility are administered by a single State agency. However, for the purpose of this analysis it is considered that a
significant degree of integration exists when at least three
types of relief or public assistance are administered by a sing le
State agency. Integration to this extent indicates a fairly
clear intention to centralize the administration of relief and
assistance within a single agency. On the other hand, the administration of only two types of relief by a State agency does
not necessarily show an·intention on the part of the legislature
to set up an integrated system. Some States which formerly had
only two types of relief, both of which were administered by the
same agency, had at a later date adopted new types of relief for
which the administrative responsibility rested in separate independent agencies.
The types of assistance included in the Federal Social Security Act were the first to be included in partially or completely
integrated systems. The Federal act requires State administrative participation, and many of the States were placing some
administrative responsibility for these public assistance functions upon State agencies for the first time where integration
first occurred.
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34 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
On January 1, 1939, 45 States had State agenaies administering
or supervising at least 3 types of relief and public assistance.
Approximately one-half of those State agencies participated
administratively in five relief or assistance functions, while
several States had a completely integrated system. 1 Only Delaware, Michigan, and Mississippi administered the bulk of their
relief and assistance programs through independent agencies.
Those functions which are included in the Federal Social Security Act are more frequently administered or supervised through
integrated systems than either general or veteran relief. Old
age assistance is administered or supervised through an integrated system in 44 States, blind assistance in 41 States, and
aid to dependent children in 44 States. Some administrative
function relating to dependent and neglected children is carried
out through an integrated system in 43 States. There are, however, several States which have in addition independent agencies
administering or supervising care of dependent and neglected
children.
The majority 1241 of the States which have assumed some administrative responsibility for general relief have placed this
responsibility within an integrated system. As many as 18 States,
however, have not assumed any administrative responsibility.
Veteran relief has been included within integrated systems
less frequently than any other type. In only 13 States do
agencies which administer 3 or more other types of relief or
pub.lie assistance also administer some phase of veteran relief,
and in only a very few of these does such agency administer or
supervise the complete veteran relief program.

GENERAL PUBLIC WELFARE PROGRAM
The discussion of integration up to this point bas been concerned with relief and public assistance. Inasmuch as there is
a close relationship among dependency, deficiency, and delinquency, it is important that close cooperation exists among agencies concerned with these various phases of a complete welfare
program. Necessary cooperation may exist between independent
agencies handling these problems, but the difficulty of effective cooperation increases with every increase in the number of
independent agencies.
An analysis of the statutes providing for the public welfare
systems of the several States indicates that, generally speaking, they fall into one of five types: 2 (11 Complete or almost
complete integration of all public welfare functions within one
1see organ1zat1onal charts and summaries 1n a~pend1x C.
2-rhts class1ricat10n 1s based upon the legal and conat1tut1onal prov181ons
or the several States. It does not talte 1nto consideration such quall tat1ve
ractors as the relative importance or various State agencies or the tact
that integration may exist by 1nrorma1 or extra-legal methods. For tbe

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INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC WELFARE FUNCTIONS •

35

agency. s Thirteen States" and the District of Columbia fall
within this group, while New Hampshire and Virginia are on the
borderline between this group and group 3. ( 21 Complete or
almost complete integration of relief and public assistance
functions within one agency and complete or almost complete
integration of other public welfare functions (usually institutional) within a second agency. Seventeen States 5 come within
this class. (3) Complete or almost complete integration ot
relief and public assistance functions within a single agency
with other public welfare functions administered by independent
agencies. Thirteen States, 8 Alaska, and Hawaii come within this
group. (4·1 Complete or almost complete integration of functions
other than relief or public assistance with relief and public
assistance being administered by independent agencies. Mississippi is the only State coming within this class. (51 All public welfare functions administered by independent agencies.
Delaware and Michigan come within this class. It is interesting
that types 4 and 5, which, except in a few of the larger industrial States, were the prevailing types of public welfare systems prior to 1933, exist now in only a negligible number of
States.
purpose or this classiUcation 1ntegrat1on is considered to have occurred
where several agencies are, under the law, finally responsible to a single
ageRcy; in ract, such integration 11a,v be or little signirtcance since the
separate agencies act quite independently or one another. It 18 to be noted,
moreover, that a ou■ber or States have shown a definite preference tor establishing certain runct1ons under the control or a completely independent
agency. For example, Karyland,Hassschusetts, and New York have established
separate depart ■ents or correction or ■ ental hygiene.
8.rhe tera cos;iete or aisost cos;iete integration ■eans that the agency
ad■ 1n1aters or supervises at leut three relief or public assistance tunct1ons and a ■aJority or the other public welt are runct1ons perror111ed by the·
State.
°'oeorg1a, Illinois, Indiana, 1tentuc1t7, Kaine, Minnesota, Nebraska, New
Jersey, Ohio, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, and Vermont. For complete
we1rare statutory organization see charts and su1111ar1es 1n appendix c.
5 .Arizona, C&lltorn1a, Co1or8do, Florida, Idaho, Iowa, ICansas, Kissourl,
North Daltota, Oltlaho ■a, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Washington, West
Virginia, W:,o■ ing, and Wisconsin.
8
Aiaba■a, .Arltansu, Connecticut, Louisiana, Maryland, Haseachusetts, Montana, Nevada, NewKextco, New Tork, North Carolina, south Carolina, and Utah.

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Section

VII

TYPES OF STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES
ADMINISTERING RELIEF AND PUBLIC ASSISTANCE 1

STATE BOARDS of public welfare or public welfare commissions
have been established by law in more than three-fourths of the
States, while agencies administered by a single administrator,
executive director, or commissioner are found in only six States.

STATE BOARDS OF PUBLIC WELFARE
The part which the board or commission plays in the administration of public welfare varies greatly among the States. Their
function ranges from being purely advisory, as with the Massachusetts Board of Public Welfare, to being executive in character,
as with the Minnesota Board of Control. The powers and duties
of these boards and commissions, as distinguished from the powers
and duties of the executive ordepartment, are usually statutory;
but classification of these boards and commissions on the basis
of law alone is meaningless without consideration of their actual operation which is not within the scope of this study.

Organization
The composition of public welfare boards varies somewhat among
the several States (table 341, The number of members provided
for ranges from 3 to 15, with approximately one-third of the
State laws providing for boards with 5 members and about an additional one-third for public welfare boards of 7 members.
Qua I If i cat Ions
The qualifications for membership on a State public welfare
board are usually stated in general terms and require that the
1on1y those State agencies which administer any three reuer and public
assistance tunctlons or general relier or old age assistance are analyzed
ln detail, Thia analysis ls concerned prlnclpally with the types or governing bodies or State departaents and does not include internal organization
Which la usually eatablUhed by rules and regulations rather than statute.

37

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38 •

STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION

appointee have a recognized interest in and knowledge of public
welfare problems. A few State laws specify that members must
be citizens or residents of the State.
Selection and Appolnt111nt

Host of the State statutes place limitations upon the appointment of members of public welfare boards (table 34). The provision that the appointment must be made without regard to
political affiliation is found frequently as is the requirement
for definite representation of different political parties.
Some laws prevent the appointment of any political officeholder
or public employee, and a few statutes even prohibit a member
of the board !rem holding office for a specified period after
retirement from the board. Several State statutes provide for
the selection of members from different geographical sections
of the State. The laws frequently provide for the appointment
of at least one or two women to serve on the board. In a few
States members are precluded from serving more than two consecutive terms.
In almost all States public welfare boards are appointed by
the Governor. In about half of these the Governor has the sole
authority for making appointments, and in the other half appointments must be confirmed or approved by the State Senate or General Assembly or the Governor's council. The remaining State
laws provide that existing State officers serve on the board in
an ex officio capacity. In several States the Governor is an
ex officio member of the board.
Terms of Off Ice

In almost all States appointees serve rota ting or overlapping
terms in order to assure continuity of policy. Terms range from
3 to 9 years, but 4- or 6-year terms have been most frequently
adopted .
Compensation

Members of public welfare boards in most of the States serve
gratuitously except for actual expenses . Few States pay fixed
salaries to members. Approximately one-fourth of the State laws
specify per diem allowances and the majority of these place a
limit on the amount which any member may receive in a year.
Service on a public welfare board is considered a full-time job
only in those States which place administrative or executive
duties upon the board. In these instances fixed salaries are
paid to the members.

EXECUTIVE OF STATE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WELFARE
In most States provisions are made for an administrator, executive director, or commissioner who usually functions with the

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lYPES OF STATE AND LOCAL AG:NCIES •

39

assistance of a board and who carries out or directs the execution
of the duties and policies of the board or department (table 35).
He may also determine policies or assist a board in determining
policies.

Selection and Appointment
Several methods of selecting the executive have been adopted.
Selection and appointment by the board is the method provided
for in nearly one-half of the States. In a few States this
selection and appointment must be in conformity with the State
civil service laws. In the remaining States the Governor is
given some share in the selection and appointment. Selection
or appointment by the Governor with the advice of his council
or the consent of the State legislative body is the method that
has been adopted in about one-fourth of the States. The remaining State statutes either grant the Governor the sole authority
to make the appointment or the authority to approve or disapprove
the selection of the board.

Teras of Office
In over one-half of the States the executive serves at the
pleasure of the board, while in an additional one-fourth a term
of office ranging from 2 to 6 years is stated in the law. In
the remaining States the executive is either a civil service
employee with tenure of office or else serves at the pleasure
of the Governor.

Qualifications
The qualifications of the executive are included in the statutes
providing for his appointment in about one-half of the States.
The most common provision is that he must be a trained administrator of public welfare. A number of State statutes provide
that only citizens or residents of the State are eligible and
the length of residence required is usually 5 years. The New
Jersey statute specifically states that the appointment need
not be limited to residents. In some States civil service statutes specify qualifications for the executive of the welfare
board.

Compensation
The salary of the executive is usually fixed by law or a maximum is placed upon the amount which may be paid. The board is
given the power to fix the salary without limitation in only a
few States.

LOCAL DEPARTMENTS OF PUBLIC WELFARE
In local governmental uni ts there are several types of organizations which have been provided to administer public welfare

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40 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION

functions (table 361. The local public welfare administrative
unit may be a township, town, city, county, or district. In the
majority of States the county has been designated as the local
unit, but frequently large cities are constituted separate administrative units. Many State statutes authorize two or more
counties or cities and counties to unite to form a district
public welfare administrative unit, usually with the consent of
the State department.

Organization
The board and executive form of local organization has been
adopted in the majority of States (table 361. Agencies with
responsibility placed in a single executive without the assistance of a board have been provided for in less than a half dozen
States. Less than one-fourth of the States have made no provision for local public welfare organization. In these States
the functions are performed entirely by the State department,
or the administrative duties are placed upon the governing bodies
of local governmental units acting in their official capacity.
The latter situation differs somewhat from that in which a local
public welfare board is established by law and the local governing body (boards of county commissioners, city councils, etc. I
ex officio constitutes such board. This type of organization
has been provided for in a few States.

Functions of Local Boards
The functions performed by local boards range from executive
to purely advisory. In some instances these boards meet periodically and pass upon all applications. In other instances the
boards' work is confined to advising the local director and
acting in a liaison capacity between local officials and the
community.

Qualifications of Local Boards
In those States which have provided for the appointment of
local boards of public welfare, residence with in the governmental
unit to be served is the qualification most frequently required
of appointees. Often this is the only requirement, though several
State statutes provide that members must be selected on the
basis of their interest in and knowledge of public welfare. The
size of local boards varies considerably among the States. The
number of members provided for ranges from 3 to 11. Boards consisting of five or seven members are most frequently provided.
Prov is ions assuring the service of women on local boards appear
with some frequency, and a few statutes bar public officials and
relatives of members of local governing bodies. The Arkansas
s ta tu te bars retail merchants, presumably because of the influence
they might have over the expenditure of a relief recipient's
funds.

TYPES OF STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES • 41

Selection and Appointment of Local Boards
State departments of public welfare have been granted some
authority in relation to the appointment of local boards of
welfare in approximately one-half of the States which provide
for the appointment of local boards (table 36). Various methods
have been provided by statutes: selection and appointment of
total membership by the State department; selection andappointmen t of part of membership by the State department; appointment
by the State department from lists submitted by local officials;
selection and appointment by local officials from lists submitted by the State department; and selection and appointment
by local officials with the advice or approval of the State
department. In the majority of the remaining States the membership is selected and appointed by local officials without the
assistance of the State department. Local boards are appointed
by the Governors ofa few States, and in one State, Massachusetts,
they are elected.
Ter■s

of Office of Local Boards

Rotating or overlapping terms are usually established for
periods ranging from l to 6 years. Three-year or four-year terms
have been adopted in approximately one-half of the States providing for the appointment of local boards. In three States
the length of term is fixed by the State department.

Colllpensation of Local Boards
Some provision for remuneration of members of local boards is
contained in the laws of about one-half of the States providing
for their appointment. Compensation is usually restricted to
expenses incurred in the performance of their duties; however,
a few of these States also grant a per diem allowance.

LOCAL EXECUTIVE
Specific provisions for local directors or administrators have
been made in about two-thirds of the States (table 37). Where
local boards or departments have been established with the power
to appoint a staff, an executive could probably be appointed
under such provision even though the appointment is not specifically authorized.
In about one-third of the States which make specific provision
for a local executive, the State department participates in the
selection and appointment. The types of participation by the
State department are similar to those providing for the appointment of local boards. Local boards are authorized" to appoint
an executive in an additional one-third of these States. In the
rema1n1ng States the executive is elected or appointed by either
the local governing body or the Governor.

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42 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Generally the executive holds office during the pleasure of
the appointing body. Specific qualifications for the local
director are not usually established by law, although many statutes provide that he must meet the qualifications imposed by the
State department of public welfare. The provision that the appointee must be a resident of the county is found in a few States.

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Appendixes
43

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Appendix A
BASIC TABLES

EXPLANATIONS OF TERNS USED IN TABLES
Rapid expansion and recent developments in the field of public welfare have ma.de
it necessary to set up various terlll!I and definitions for the purposes of this
study. They are indicated and explained in the following paragraphs.
Nor O indicate the mandatory or optional nature of the law (tables l, 6, 12,
18, 29, 31, and 33 l. A law is considered to be mandatory when it is phrased in
such a way that it requires the administering official to grant aid if the applicant meets all of the qualifications imposed b7 law. If the granting of aid to a
specific individual when he meets the qualifications is discretionary with the
official, the law is considered optional.
Direct responslbll lty as used in tables 1, 6, 12, 18, 29, and 31 under the
capt ion "administrative responsibility" means the final original responsibility 1
for determining wbet Iler relief or assistance shall be given an applicant. If the
final original decision is made b7 the State department or its agent, the direct
responsibility is considered to be upon that department. On the other hand, if
the final original decision is made by an agent of the local unit of government,
then the direct responsibility is considered to be upon that unit. 2
AHlsted by as used in the text of tables 1, 6, 12, and 18 under the caption
"direct responsibility" indicates that the administrative agency assisting is not
an agent of the administrative agency having direct responsibility but is serving
in an advisory capacity to such administranve agency.
Through as used in the text of tables 1, 6, 12, and 18 indicates that the local
administrative agency is an agent of the administrative agency having direct responsibility and makes the final original determinations for that administrative
agency.
Supervisory reaponslbll lty wherever used means that the administrative agency
does not have direct responsibility but has substantial control of policy and has
the power to adopt rules and regulations which are binding on the administrative
agency with direct responsibility.
Final and advisory column heads as• used in tables 1, 6, 12, and 18 under the
capt ion "original determination" and tables 29, 31, and 33 under the capt ion "determination of eligibility" indicate the administrative agency making the final
original determination or serving inanadvisory capacity without considering the
effect of the presence of an agency relationship. An administrative agency is
considered tobe acting in an advisory capacity when its duties consist of ma.king
investigations and forwarding its findings and recommendations to another administrative agency which makes the final original determination.
Ad■ lnlstrative reaponslbl I lty as used in table 33 is restricted to the responsibility for the management or control of an institution and does not necessa.rily
involve the determination of eligibility for admission to the institution.
F inanclal reapons lbi I lty means the res pons ibili ty for supplying funds for relief
and public assistance, either for grants to individuals or for administrative
expenses. No consideration has been given to Federal financial participation
unless such participation is specifically mentioned in the State statute.
Ad■ inistered by as used in the summary statements in the appendix means that
the agency concerned has the direct responsibility as defined above.
1The see•tnclY contradictory word.a •tin.al ortg1na1• haYe been used because under many State
statutes the ortglnal deter ■ lnatlon la not rtnal but must be approved by another ad1111n1strattve
agency betorebec0111ng errecttve. Tbe tena final of'iginal re.st,on.sibiitty means the rasponalblllty
tor deteralnlng •JJ.•tner or not an appllca.nt shall recelve rel let or aealstance 1n toe absence or
an appeal, review, or reconalderat1on.
2
The ada1n1atrat1Te agency •ktng tbe tlnal or1g1nal detena1natlon la considered to be an agent
or tbe State depart•ent 1! the power or appo1nt11ent and removal or such a.dmlnlstratlve agency u
Tested wttbtn tJJ.1 departaent. It th• power or appointment and removal or the ad111n1strat1Ye
agenc1 ts Teated tn th• pollttcal heads or tbe local unite or ln ao111e t:rod.Y other than the State
departaent, or tr aucll ad■lntatrat1Ye agenc1 ta an elected loc&l orrictal. then the adm1n1strattv1
agenc1 la conatdered to be an agent or the local unlt or government.

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General Relief
47

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_,,.,

Toole 1.-Provisions for the Administration of General Relief
Det e rninat

__i_n_io_,_•_•_t _" ·_•_ ••_•_P_o _••_•_b_i J,,_i_, _Y_ _
Ad_m
Nat are 1 - - - - - - - -

--- --- ---1

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or el

10 n

li'

•

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Ori i 10al det~rm1n1lt 10n

ol
law

Stc1 , t-

CX)

--4
A. pPf>ill bf appl i c u t

S u~rri5ory

Di ~ c t

Final

M- --- 1Co11n ty dep1utmen t of public we Ha.re

-------1 Sun,..

~partmeat o r
Publ i c Welfare .

Ar u:OllA --- ---- -- 1 H : ••• I County board of social sec urity and p ublic
\lf'eltare. 1

.State OepArt~nt ot
Soc ia.l Se-cun tJ and
~ lfar e.

AdYl!'l ()rY

- - - ·- - - -- - - - -t

"lJ

County bci.ud of soc ial s ~curity 4Dd put>h c
Vf."lt a nL 1

r

C:
a,

(")

:E

---------1 M ____ f State Oepart nr nt

I ---- 1County cou rt
&.

(Su &Pi;,,todl.a

Co~~o::::: : J

-----l

--------1

-- -- l

....

Idaho

----1

0

Coa otJ board ot ch& rit f. 9

0
0

-

.a
0

11

1

I

I

Geo rgia. _________ IO

~

County o r d is t r i ct dep a rt~Dt
we lt an! .

or public

Board of coun ty cor1t111 issio~ rs . Couatr
t a r e co11111.issi011. 11

ee ?'
--------1 H ----1 Overs
cia l.

r

]>

--4
________ _

0

z

Cur council. fo,,11 counnl. CoantJ welta.re bllo\rd. 8
CountJ boa.rd of charity.g

Boa.rd of coun t J COff'lllissioner.;.

I

S tate Dep,1 r tll'W!'Dt ot
Public Welfare.

wel -1S tate Dt'pa.rtme11t

o! tbe pooT' or desiill&ted off i-

14 Count y bar ea.u o f public we ltare. 16

Gl

en

or
Public b s is ta.DCe.

Coontf o r dist r ict depart~nt o t public
'ofe ltare.
Probate JUdte, cler.io!
boa r d o! coun t y com--

Boafll or coontf commiss ioue~ . Cou.nty vt:1! a r t: conzmission . 11

I
Il li nois

I t 11 j_ ___________ __ _ _

Indian a.------ --- H --- - TOlifM hip ove rseer of t he poor

().,ersee r
da.l. 14

•iss i ool!'n;. or

To State Depa r tmeat ot
Public Assistance. ia

jll8t ice

ot t he pe,ac,. u:

o!fi-1

of the

poor or d~ i gnated
County bu r eau of pub li c welt:a.~.u,.

To,, nship overseer

or

the poor

To board o r cotu:i ty c011t■ bsione r s.

Iowa

m
m

l'J .

Cou ntf or distric t d•pm ~ •t o l public S t ate Oe-pa. r t ~ at or County or district de,paru11en t
vel!ArP. el! a re.
Pcbl1c W
welfare.
8
Ttli D overseer of tbe poor -------- ·- - ----- -- - -----·---- · ------ TCMD oversetr or the poore
S tatr. Old Aie Welfare CQftl:ltiS!uon 7

~

;:;

:::0

r

H ---Del ava.re
Florida _________ H8 --- 1Bm rd of county cOl'llissiont-rs. Cit:, council. Town cou.ncil. Coao t y weU a re board . 8

0

To ci rcuit c ourt.

County court

.',

6

]>

J

:::::1
)4

.,,

welt are .

Loc&l _________ H
Cahrornia: 2

m

r

CountJ o r district d~p&rt!llE'nt of pot>llc

or Public Welfare tbroui h
countJ or district departlllf"Rt of public
welt a.re.

Coa necticu t

--4

Co1Jnt1 boart1 of publi c ..,"lfue

Arka.nsa.s: 2
State

]>

m

M ____ \ Cousty b oa rdo f sape ru ■ or..L TfJW1!.a h lp 1rua- \ ( 19 1
tee3 1111 o,en~ n or t twe poo r . ,.,.

Coun t y boa.rd or supervisors. TOilnship trust (!'C9 u ov~neers o r the poor . 17

To countr bOllrd of 99~rvis ora f ron d"'rt• iOf'I of

towa ■ h

ip lrus-

f...
C

l&Mu----- - ----1 N.• • -j C00u1 ba&rd or • octal weu .... ~
leatoclty ••• ••••• l M •••• f CoutJ court

Loalslaaa ••••••• , K•••• , Parla, deparurat or pub! ic w•l b re ...••• • 1 State Depart ..,nt

Public We l!&re ,
( 10 J

(IIH a.1.-041& I.)

f

Ha.he ___ ________ H____ Citr, tow ■, or plalltation OYerseers or the
poor .
ltar,lud ........ I

OI

ot I Parish depart .., ut ot pabl lc weltar• • .••.••
City, t an, or plaatatioo OTeneers of the
poor .

I of W'eU are.

board. Balt i110re Dep,a r t~ot
11' 1 •. I CoaatJ nlfatt boa.rd. Baltl,1oro Depart.,.at Board or State Aid Coo•t1 weUa'tt
21
of WeU.ve. 22

aed Charit iea.

·--1 "----1

Local board of public welfare

Local bO&rd or public •eltu~
Michiraa : 1
State-···----- H ____ State Baerrency W~ltare Relie f COlll!ll iss ion.

Musactnaetta

Local ••••••••• l
Hinesota -------1

To Sta to Boa n! of Soc l&1
Welfare . 19

State Board or So- Couaty board of soc 1al veltare
cial Welfare .
State Oepartinrnt. of/ Coa■t1 c oart
Welfare .

"----1

State 8meraeacy Weltar e Reh.e t Ccaaiasion

Couau s aper i nteadecu or the poor.

Coaat1 ••perintendenu of the poor. Local
■ uper,-ison llnd direc tors of the poor.

supervi ■ ont

H----1 Coa■tJ
1

and directors or the poor .

Cou nty board of su~rvisors

Co••tJ boanl or soperv15or.1

Hi.aaoari : 1
State-- · ------1 H----1 State Social Se<: urity Coounission •••••••.••

Cou Dt )' veUar e ~lief
commission.•:-

Cou ntJ or c ity .... euare board. Local superYiaors o1 t he- poo r .

or ci ty veHar1!' board. Local soper- 1 State Etecutive Couacil.u
•isors ot t he poor. 2 '

Miaalsslppl ••••• ! K •.. .

-I

Local

1·····---·-1-.......-

0

St ate Sccial Securitr Comm ission ••••....•• Cou nty social21 security] [ 1.
commission.
0
0
Local -- ----- - - M---- ,Coaat7coart . Ci tyb0\rd of !H>e 1.ilwe1f ,u e . ( l -•-·- - --····--· Count1 c o.art . Cityboa rd of social veltart> tl- •··-·- -·-······· -· ···-·
To either coa ■t7or
Ho1tua _______ ._ M••• . Cooat1 department of public v~ltarlf! • . •. ••• State Dep.artrrrDt of CountJ d epartcaeat of public welrare •••.•• •
State Boa. rd of Pabllc
Public WeUa.re.
Welfa re, or to botll.

-··-- ··--·---··--····--1

County l.Ssis unce crrTlrr'litte~30

NebrMk& ------·-1 M---- 1 Coant1 assis tance cOMlt t~JO
~Tad&---- - ----- H---- Board ol coa aty cU111,i13s1O0en

·--1

K---- Town C1'ersttrsl)! t he poor. Board of c ou nty

-···--1

K ---- Local orersee r of I he poo r. Co un t J wel!.1.re
board . Loc.11 ass 1.s tanc e boanJ. ·12

New Hupshiro
New Jero•J

coa11issioaers. 31

Stat t- Welf a re [x>partmen.

I { .: I

I eoaru

or coaaty coJ11111ss 1oaers

••·•• JTcwn OYe rsee rs ot the poor. Boa.rd of couoty
cOOU11b1s loae rs. :5l

3

Loe.al oversee r or the poo r. Cou atr W'elrar~
32
brunJ. Loc a l d i r ec t.or or we l !A~ .

g

Stat• ••• •..... 1 K •... State Depart ~ Dt of hi bllc Wel!Are ..... ... . 1

S tat e D1!-part rnent of Public Welta r e 3 ' •

N

Loul ••••••••• 1 0 •••• Boardofcouo ty C.Otl\Illlssioners. Ci tv couocil .....
OT' otbe-r eo,..c rn1 ne- b0&nJo f c1t1e!\, l™" ns,

I

Boa nJ of coun ty COl.'ll\19510ners. City c ouncil
or ot he r rovero ine bMrd of c it les. towns,
or • d lafes .
Local public welfare ott icial 34

~

0
0

~

( ")

New York

--------1

1 See toot ■ atee

)>

en

(")

New Mei:ico : 1

0

-!l

CD

1n1.

or •illages .
M ·--- Local public vPlfa.re o f!1 c1a1"e . . - .. ··-·-- S tate Depart~at ot
Social Welfare.

at end ol table,

••••• •

I (3 ., 1. ....... ..... . ....... ... I State

Board ~
Welfare. 36

Plblic

-i
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•

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I

Table J.-Provisions for the Ad11inistration of General Relief-Continued

Nature
or

Sta t e

I

Ad■i nistr&tiv•

r•spon,ib il i ty
,

law

Oir~t

-

-

- -·• - -

0 e term 1na t1 on ci r e-li g1 tn l 1ty

-

.

On a- 1na. l d e t.-m1 nat ion

----1M--- 1Coun t y wel!are b0c1. r d

Ap~al bJ' 1ppl 1cut

Fina.t

A.dv1 sor1

-----·--·-- ---

Coun t y s u~ r inte-nde ct of publi c
Cny pu b lic we,lf-...r~ o!!i ce r. 3 7

5tat e Public Welfare

- - -- ----- - - - - - - --

- - -~ -

Su perv1 so ry

Nort h C.uoliDA-- 1 0- -- - 1 80.1.rd of county c omm issioners th r oufih c ou o. tJ s aperiueodea t o! pub lic veHa.~. Cit1
pub l ic welfa re of!tcer. 3 7
North Dakota

~

I County

Ohio- --- - ----- -- M- --- !CJ111ash ip t rustees. C1tJ di~to r of public
(8H

npu d t,

s a.fet y . Board of county c Ol'll!llissi on~rs.

I. I

Oklahrnna: 2
St a te----- - - - -

Q __ __ State Board of Public We lh.re 3 g
o f t~ poo r.• °

Stat e--count'f'- M---- Count, Of e r s eer s
ve Ua re board. "' 1

Oregon: t
Sta t e -- ------- 1 f1 ___ _ J coun [Y relid commi t tee
Local

-- --- ----1PL __ _ IC<Jun ty court

~ nnsrhania ____

,,.

•"·

"rlel!&rt- .

C

CD

r
Nelhre board

n

Rho:ie Is l and-- - - 1 M- ---

1)
:l.

'l

I

South Dakot& - - --

::)

Te nuessee

H- - --

Board or coun t f c 011U11i ssione rs

~

-- -----1 H -- -- 1Cou ntf

°

►

1•• ).

Coo nt T

court

r

I County

G>

relier c o!ftfflitt,,-

en
r

County c o ur t o r board or county c ommis.5irm-

►

-I

Sta t e Depa r tment of I Count:, boa.rd or ass 1.s tu.c e
Public .Us i 5 tanc e .
Local director

of

S t 3.te Board o f Pub lic
As s 1s t anc P.

pnb lk wel!&re or local j

-- ··-------- --- ---- -- -- 1( U' I

V'Or k: rl'! lid burl'!.l.U.

CoantJ dep.,.rt fllf"nt of pub lic we l ! are ' 5 ___

--1-- __ _______________ ---- 1To !:i tat ,:

Board of cou nt J c0111111issionl'! rs 45
Board or countJ co1111111ssi on~rs _ ___ ______ __ _ j Tovnsh1p boan:I o r gover n1 n1 bOOJ of town or
c1t7 .
Countr c:our t

Depart..ent of
Public Welf a re . u

1

To Judre o r ci r cuit
cou rt or the cou nt:, .

--- -------- --------- ------ ----1- -- --- --- -------------- 1 Decisions

of c01111i.ssioaers o f poor on Adions to poor llouse
■ & J be .appea l e d t o
coa nt J c ourt .

,0

111i M

rv
Tu: u:•
St.ate,n

--- --- -1 H ___ _ \S tat. e

Loc: 11.1 -- - - -- - -- \ M _ __

Board ot Coa t To l . d l -Y is l oa o f p ubli.c
veUar-e , tll.r-ou1 h l oc a l aae nc 1 deai1 D&t.ed b J

\c~: ~t.y cc. .d•a\cir_.TB ,

cour t.

::0

ITI
ITI

S ta te R~ll.!! ! COAmitt e~.

di r ect or of public vel!are or local I State- Unettpl o~n.t
vork r elie r bu reau.
Relie f CCftlllissict1 .d

Soot h Ca r oli na : .i
1
St ate - - ------- 1 H ____ S t a t e Dep& rt ~ nt or Public Welf are th r ough
count )' departme nt or public veHa re. ' 3
Loc& l - -- --- --- M____ Board of count y cowni!l5iot1 e n ' 5

0
...,

ITI

..,,

r

•rs.

1Local

:J

:IE

Townsh ip trustee5 . Ci ty d i r ~ctor or pob lt c
sa ! e- t r. Board o r c ounty cocrtml5S 1on.e- rs

S t ate Board o r Pub -1 Coa nt f OYe r s e e r s o r the> poor . 4
li e w.- Ir a re. 4 11
w~ l !a r e boa.rd. •l

or b oo. r d otc oaa t y conrn ssion -

11 ____ County board or as s i stance

►

-I

ITI

St ate Boan:1 or Publl.C We H are 3 g _ _ _________ _

County

-I

.,,

Boarct .
( 38 ) _____ _ _ _ _ ___ __ _

•

en

Local a.g e acr de■ i1u. t ed b y State Boe.rd o f
Co• trol , d i Yl • ioa o r· pabllc w@lf a r~ .
Co•n1. y c o - , ~•hu1.• rs' coa .-t.

__ _ _ _ ___ __ ___ _ _

0

z

M• • __ I Cou nty o r d ia t rte l d~p,irtlk"nt ot pub 11c

Ut11h

Venaoat

ra re. 44

--- ------1 H -- --1 Tova

w,e

l - , Statf! Depa rtlm!'at o t / Count 1 or d lst rte t d~part rrro t o f pub l ic we 10
Public WeLt.1~.
f&n .

I

Wo.s bi ne:toa

--1 Coa nt1

---- -- 1H--- -1County

ove rse ers ot the poo r. !)upen- i~ors oC
unora ani zed t0tn s ud gores . 0

or city boa r d of public w~ lfare • -- - I Stat e Board of Publie WeUan!' .
lldtninbnrat or of public a..ss i su.nce

~est Virizini~ - - - 1 M- - - - \C ou11 ty pabltc a.ssist3.nc e couacil 51

! Count J

or c h y boo.rd of public we lfilre __ __

To circuit c01rt ot
coua tJ or corporat ion
court ot citJ.

-I S tat e

I Count 1

ad111 in is tr&t or ot public a.ssis tuct- -

To t be board of county
COIIDlliss ioners, then to
the State Depart111eat
ot Social Securit,. 60
and thea t o the conn.ty
s uperior court.

I State

I CountJ

p11blic as ~i st ,u1ce counci l 5 1

To &dv isory board of
S tat e Departmtntot
Public Assis tance . 6!

-- - ----

l' isconsia _______ f M-- -- 1TOlifn boo.rds , v i lh.ge tru s tees , c ity c:Ot11110n
c ouncils , cou nt y de~rtmen ts ot trust~es.
manae-ers ot coun t~· 1M; tit ut1 ons , or s uc h
pe-~ons a.s the count y cou ncil ma.y desi2 na t e. S-5
Wyomi nt

---- ----- l O -- · - I Countv

To S t at e Dep&rt..eat o f
Pub lie We Uare, fr0111
couno depart meat."

TCMD

Meneers of the poo r . Su pervisors of

u11or gan i &ed tOW" H .111d rores. 0

Virri nia • - -- - - -- H •.

1 __ _

Depa.rtment of
Soci al Se cu rity .

Depa rtme nt ot
Pub lie -"-" is u.nce.

I ! 6 sl

depa. r t meat oC public welfa re·--- --- ! St.t t e De p.t.rtment o!
Public WelC& r e.

---- - - -

Ta.1n b 01 rds , vil!.at; e trus t ees , ctt y COl!lfflon
councils , c ounty depilrt r,ents of trus t ee.
manae:'!'rs o! county i ns t it uti ons , or such
persons .ts th~ co\u1t y co uncil 1113.y d1:" s ign.1te . 63

I County

d'"'p.trt me nt o f pub l ic welfare- - -- - - -

To St at e Board ot Public We tr &re . 54

A.l ,\Sk.l:

rempora r r ----- Q _ __ _ Te r rito ri a.l Depa rt ;,ient o r Publ ic We lfare -Pion~er.-' l!o~
H - - - . !Jo..u d or t r ustee5 or Pio neers• Hmne - - -- . - Dis tr ict

o! Co-

H- - - - Board or Pub l i c WelJ ;i re - --

Tc r rit ori i\l De pa.rtl'!'l';'n r of P'Jbltc W"'lf a re -Board or t r us teoe!. or P1nne e~ • t1~ - - -- --Board or ?!J blic ltel!are

l ul'!b 1&

g
<O

N

"'a.

~

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0

a-rv

Ha\t'.t\l i -- -- - -- - - - 1"1 - - - - Co11 ntv publ1 c welt a.re c. omm1 s s1 on - ------- - - ! T~ rr1t ori,1.lBo,udoC JCountv pub lic .,;l!lfa. rf" corri~iss i on --- - -- -- - To Terri tor i..a l Board of
Pub li e Welf a re .
P11b llc Welh ~. 66
)I 1n1lcdte~ m.'ln <111to r r prov 1ai 1n n.
"L,1..1 rrun do. tory ocl j' 1n coun t ies o f 15!> . 00J (.'Of1Ul'\t1on . Cou11tr weiCa re bo:i rds ,1.re pro·) 111chcale5 opt1oaal provision.
vided tor in th~e counties.
1Couuty boards~ superTiSors adlll:iDister provisions !or hospitalization and care of the
iSstablished h couaties of 9.700 to 10.&'IO population.
1C>J'he State Welfare Board llllQ" accept such ~uties as mar be delegated to it by the coaaties
indigent sick.
22 systeotS of general relier provided for oy law.
or by 11unicipal aeencies.
11 Coanty welfare comi:Ssions art" authorized, il cooperative ae~nts are em:uted betweea
'.'!<fhe State EmergencJ Relief Administration t11a.Y appoiat citJ aodcouaty citizen.s' relief
the State Department ol Public Assistance and the board of county coaaissioners, to usaae
co..ittees to assist in the a.d11inistratioa ot reliet.
adllinistrative
reSpoasibilitJ for e-eneral or poor relief finaaced bJ county funds. State
'Coantr boa.rd oC public welfare my be established by county boa.rd of supervisors on
funds for eeaeral relief are administered b7 county welfare COlllllissiou wbose actiYities
petition of electorate.
6Aor ci tiz.ell is ea.titled to deMnd and receive a stateaent of the &110aat, character, a.ad
are supervised bJ the State Depart11eat at Public Assistance.
11 Above mentioned officials act b a■ adYisorJ capacity to board ol coanty coa.issioaers
·..alue ot the relief received by aay person.
it adaiaistrative responsibility tor eeeral or poor relief baa not beea delea:ated to the
"State c01111issioaer of welfare is responsible for State paupers.
7 Levy courts of Keat and Sussex Coaaties grant a.ad appro,e hospitalization beaefits.
couaty welfare ccaisaio■•

CD

►
en
(")
--➔

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(.11

I-"

(.11

Table 1.-Footnotes Continued
1 3No appeal allawed h

instances where the boa.rd of coUD.ty c01111issioaers has delerated

its pcwers la relatioa to local poor relief to the couDtJ welfare colllllissio11.
uEatabUshed in each citJ, Yillaie, Pre-ciDct, or iocorporated tcwa with a population ot
more than 500.000. D~ aot apply ia counties of 500,0JO population or aore.
16 Established in counti~ of 500,CXX) or "ore !Cook County I.
1'Tbe State Department of Public Welfare inspects and iaYestiaates outdoor relief and
al!l•hoa~s. The Sta.te El¥r1feDCJ Relief Ca..i ■ sioa detenaiaes and certifies a1110anu to be
allocated frOll the eaerrency relief fund to the counties.
11 Application '111&1 be made to county b01.rd of supervisors or township trust~. Township
truste-es MY arant temporar, relief subject to tbe- approral of county b0&rd of suptrYisora
who 1111.y continue or deny relief.

0

cg·
;;.
a
~

"'

C;
0
0

-

00
(v

19Tbe State BmerrencrRelie!Adainistration 111ast allocate funds to the se•eral counties.
19C0111plaint 1111.y be ll&de b1 interested person or taxpayer.
1°'rhe State Departaent of Health and Wel!are inestiratea and iaspects all syste'IIIIS of
public charitJ' and public institutions.
11 Except in Baltimore, Garrett, and WlcOllico Counties.
11 Welfare acthities supported hL vhole or in part by State fonds are ad11histered by
the county we-Hare boards vhere e-sta.blished, thedepart11ent of velta.re of Balthtore City,
or other a.,enc:, desianated by the Board of State Aid and Charitie-s. Ia the abse-nce of
State funds, ie-De-ralrelief is ad111ini1teredb1the ba&rds of count, c0111111issionenora.e-eaa
desiauted by the11, trustees of the poor, or justicea of the peace, dependiaa upon the law
applicable in a particular county.
13The couan welfare relief c011111isaioa certifies eli1ibilit7ofapplicants and has aoch
povers and duties as • r he prescribed by the State- B,ieraeacy Welfare Relief Coiaiasioa.
16See sumary a! public·velfare prO'fiaiou for Minnesota for aore aearlJ' coaplete inforMtion lpp, 316-3181,
11Supervisee expenditure of State funds.
11The county cor1111iaaion is au a.,eut of the State cc:.111i■1ioa.
17 All benefits araated-, be recomidered bJ' the State adminiatrator u freqoeatl1 u
he 11&Y deem nec,asary.
18 Bstal<ilished in count lea coatalninr fl rat class cities.
19City boards IIUAt report on request to the MYOr, co11110n council, aDd countJ court.
1 °Co•i.sts of a board ot county ccnaissioners or aupet"Yiaor, co11nt7 treuurer, &Del the
coonty ba&rd of public welfare, if in existence.
11 Coanty co•issioner administers relief to persona for vh011e aupport ao person or tow•
la the State ia charreable.
11 h counties operatina aader the local •rate• vhereby the poor are charaeable to the
towuhip, towoa, borouihS, and cities, reaeral relief ia ad ■ ia iatered by t be or,rseera
of tbe poor of tbe respectbe political aubdhiaioa. Ia countiea operatinr oDd,r the
couat1 a7ate• whereb1 the poor are cha.r;eable to the count,, reneral relier ia adrliaistered
by couatr ve-ltare boards. Mualcipe.l rmerniar, bodies mast appoint a local usietance
board for eacb 11UnicipalitJ to ad~inister State fund• for public u1i ■ tance vithin the

nnlclpllltJ,

The local director of wlfue, vho 111&1

be

tbe o,,e!'lleer of the poor of the

aunlclpalitJ, la the •xeca,he officer of the loeal auistance board. Th, State Oepart•nt
of Iaatitutiou &ad Aae-acln approTn plana for countJ welfare hout,ee and hu pover of
i•pe,cttOII. over aU lutitati.ou for tlte poor. TIie State Financial Anlatance COMlHioa

••state funds are allocated to coant ies bl' the State t reuurer on •oucher aDd warrant of
the State auditor.
3
~he State Board of Pub lie Welfare •Y est&blis h nec,ss&rJ arenc il!'S to adainister nlief.
"°The b01.rd of county co•issioners, u ex officio oveneers of the poor. adllinsters indoor relil!'f fro. couat7 funds vithout State supet"Yision. Decisions of the OTeraeers of
the poor -.:, be allowed to the county district court.
41
The board of count, cONllissioners and thl!' countJ health office-r, se"inr aa the couatJ
ve-lfare board, &dmiaiater relil!'f, other than indoor relief, frOfl State and county funds.
The State 801,rd of Public Welfatt 111.1 appoint a representatiTe to act h place of the
couno Vl!'lfare board.
42 Poor law provide- ■ for c11re in a poorhouse, a vorkho•e, or with ■ OIi! prha.te fuil1,
aad is adainistered locally without State superTision. Poor lav also prO't'ides for appeal■
to the superior court. The State aupet"Yised and State financed prorram of b0111e relief
and work re-lief eoda vitb the eaere-ency period on June 30, lQ39.
45 b. Charleston Coonty a counu velfatt board is cre-ated to ad■iaister in the couatJ
all Mtten of direct welfare and relief alder the aupeniaion of the State Departaeat of
Public Welfare.
"State Departaent of Public Welfare MY re•iev anrda oa owa aot ion aad Mke further
ineatiratiom. Granta ■uat be reconsidered by lcx:&l depa.rtaeats u frequently u aay be
required bJ the Sta.te departaent.
411 1n Colullbia the cii, authorities &re authorized to ad1dniater local poor relief. In
Aiken Count7 a C0011ittee appointed bJ th, Go¥,rnor has charae of the poorhouse and fan.
Ia Darliartoa Couno tbe county coMiaaioa of public welfare ia created toadai ■ iater all
poor relief on the part of the coa ■ ty.
O The State Departaent of Public Welfare ia aathoriled to •ke hvestieatloa into the
ad,iinistratio ■ a.ad affllirs of any public or prbate aaency or hatitutioa ia the State
concened vith the proble• of depend,ncJ, defectiveaeaa, or delinquency.
47
No State fund• h&Te been Mdeo available u of Janua.ry 1, 1939.
O No penoa ■aybe rec,ind into any haepitalor iafirMrJ 11&intaiaed by a.county without
an order of the board of couat7 c01111issionere or ca.aiaa loner of the poor.
O l'noreanill!'d towu and rores b&Ye the sue rirhts as towns and are subject to the a&M
duties and liabilltie• in rea-ard to poor and iadi1ent ~raou.
6°The State de-partmeat ■a111&lr:e soch furthl!'r inYl!'Sti1atioa u it dee• BKnaary.
11 The u.na,eaent aml operation of countJ iafir11&ries or inatitutiou prOYidine ttlief is
Yested in tbe respect he county courts. Such ,u.naeeaent aDd operation MY, bJ vrittea
arree-i.!at, be traaferred to the county public us ia taoce cone U.
62 Ad•i.sor7board 111.1 review local decision on petitio■ of cou ■tr councll, countJ court,
or an1 interested penoa.
83 &very town, Yillaee, aad city la charred vitb the relief and •upport of all poor aad
indir,eat persona ha•ina settlement the~in- Couatie-a &N' r,aponsible tor thoee penou

101 ha.ins 1ettle11eat. The countJ board at 1upeni1on 1&7 abolish thi1 distinction he·
t""•" tova, Yill"f•• cltJ, aad countJ poor, In which cue the countJ ou•t relieYe ud
1upport&llpoor and lndlaent persont. Thel>oardo! 1upenl10n •J&isoreturn the 1upport
of auch penona to the tatM, vtllagt■, and chlH. Ia coutl~• ha•lnr established a
count, ho11e or hoepital tho follawlnr prO¥laio• appl1:

if population la f~r th&a

N

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le •-red to allocate l•nde to n1lclpolltlH and to .. tabllak r•l.. aad re1u1.&tl0111
ionrnhr 1~• npeldluru ol theat lull<la,
111
The oHneer auat dettl"lllne who are to be relle•ed b1 bi• subject to appeal by ur
per101 to th ju,ulle and d-.tlc relations court .
ltAppllcatlos aust
to local of! ice which ln•Mt Ii•••• ud Mk.. report of fllldlllf'I

be...,,

aad racC11UeDdatiou to the State depart.eat. The State department 11D1t dee ide e lie lbi lity
aod aaount of ustau.ace . The State department •7 all011 its local office to deteraine
wMt her ua lataDCe • 1 be rranted aad the &lft<>Ullt and MDDer t hettof.
Hstate board •Y' reTiev award• on own 111otio11, and Mke forther inestiratioa. Grants

.ut be ~ouidered by local office u freqaently u 111.:rbe required by the State board,

ah.Public .elf are otf icial" aeaa.s countJ coiaiaaioner at public welt a~, c it7 c0111iasioa.er
ct.tr public welfare officer.

of public welfare, t01t11 public ttltatt oUicer, or

""cityofRoc:i.y Mount MJbeconstituted a local welfare district vltb a city public wel-

fare officer who ■uet pertora all datiH and taactioaa vitbia the citr limits of Rocky
"°11nt u are c011fertttt b:, 1., OD countr aa~rhtelldeata of pubHc weUare.

250, 000 the COUDIJ baud ot tl'UIIHI llu charce of &II indoor &ad ODldoor relief, Of the
cont, board o! supenlaon a&J e111plo7 , _ ccapttent pel'!lon to have charae of outdoor
relief; !!the pol)Ul1ti011 ia Z>O,000 or fflOl'I! theMn&lltr ot county htthutiou haacharlle
of all relief . In all counties which h&Ye llOt Hl&bllsbN a COUfttJ' ho■e or b01pital ,

eouat:, boards of truateea ha.Ye cllarae of all rel .i ef, or the co1Jat1 boards of ■ ape"iaora
1111,:, otherwise provide tor the support aDd 111&iater1ance of the poor. State relief !and ■
are a.dmiDistered haccon1aace with rules and reralatiou adopted bJ t~ State Iadaatrial
Cmniiasion or otl\er a1eac7 desi1o&ted bJ the Gover-nor to &d.ilnlater relid. except that
standardl of ellfi.billty shall be deter1'hed by individual lcx:al units. The State Board
of Control hu sa.pe"ision mer all count7 aDd 11uaicipal lnstitatiou.
1 4tbe Su.te
board-, •ke suc•h addition&! ineatlaation u it dee• aecesaar:,, and a rants
mt be reviewed u tequentlJ u 111.7 be ttquired bJ the State departJlent.
11
The Territorial board M1 re.-iew awards o■ OW'I, aotion and •te further hTesti1J&tio11.

GTaota - t be reconsidered bJ local olllce as lreq.. ntlJ u •1

be

required bJ boanl.

a,
l>

Cf>

;:J

<6"
.;

hi

-n

-t
a,

l>

a.

r,,,

,i?"

Cf>

(l>

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0
0

-n

00

•

(J'1
v.)

Table 2.-Requirefflents for Eligibilit~ for General Relief

_,,..

(Jl

•

Hes1den ce pro v1 5 10 11.s

c------------ - - - - - - - - - -

Oesc r ip t i on of c l.u5

Sute

1

S u,te
Al,lb1tm.l. _ __ __ _ ___ J Pt·r:sons 1n 11~d n!

en

Acquis1t1on o r r '"'"'ld'"'IIC'"'

Loss

I

Loc .!l

P:usiie r may

, r ... c"'ilrn~ J'!.??l~ C-;!,llOtl .

Anzo11a . . .. .... •

A.rkaasa.s: ~

~tatf' - --· -· ·· ·

I In.h •1e nt ,

cc1.1a t1 o f

be

r ~:,ved LG

res1 11encit:.

3 , ~~ rs 111•1.ie---J1Hr- l r p r f"•ced.1n,: .1 ppl1c .1t 1o n. t

10 coun ty 1rm~!h ,n"p r ~Cl!dil'I J i!liJpl1ca.t1on. i2
IIIOO th ~ iJ11rnit."..d111t e l1 ;, re-cN!ill g
,1ppl1cat1on t o receive hos;ntal 1u t i on o r 111Prllcal '" ro- rr o■
c,ou ot)' boa r t! o r sup"rvu o r~. z
l1

(")
~

m

r

"Tl

►

I AH

::0

ueeJ )' oers olJ o r

fo11Hl)'

m

( ').

"'ith i:i su fhc1"nt 111 come

r

m

Ci)

fll

Cal 1fo r nu : :!
St ate ... __ ___ _ lks t i tu t e an!! unfflployed perso113 _________ __ _______ _

Local _____ ___ _ All

N

<ll

Q.

~

ud indigent person , and tho.,e 1 n.c.Apacit a ted by ~i!e, disease , oracc 1den t, who a re without mea.ns of self-support, no t !iu:,po rt ed bJ f r iends
or rela t ives , aad act co a f iaed in Sta t e hos pi t.J.h
o r Sta t e, or p r i vate i nstitu ti ons . e
lCCQl'!lpet'1'nt

Colorado ______ . _ Poo r perioa:s unable t o ea rn a lhe11hood because o r
bod i. l t i. nti rm i ty , idiocf , luuc y , o r o t ber unavo i dable cause; des t i tu te un e inployed a nd un e111ployable'5 .

C")
0

a( i)

3

ft" iH ?.

c o nt uuous ly'° __ _ l

u1 co unty 1:mnNutely
preced ill !? appl 1ca.t i o n . 1
p• ,H

l year u11i.t1te r ruptf!'d absence !ro11 Su.te e1 c,e pt
wtu~n calle,J el~hett tor
h.bor or o t bt"r t empo ru y

Co uaty !It.If r e mov" pe r~a
to State or countJ o f ries1deace .

purposes.

l yea.r
ce,:Hni
act ual
of 300

umedut e lr o r e-

application and
phf!i i ca.lpN'se oc e
day c; or 3 yea n
imaedia t el7 p r ec edina
&ppl i. ca t ion with actua l
ph y'5 i cal p r ese ace o f 30

6 lfOO.tb<; in c o u11t1 1!TUlled1 a.t t""ly
p r ece,<11ni be co111 i 11e cha r geab l e.

May be- r-emoYed

4 ye a rs in tOW'n o r l year i. !
4pphcant owns S!:.00 wor ti of

H11.1 bf' r f"tOO.-ed t o placP of

o r r e si denc e . 5

t o couatJ

IJIOD t b5 ,

Con nec t icut ___ __ Persons wi tb i ns uffi c i en t es t at e !or support and no
rel at i • es able a nd Uo\ble by law to r suppo r t .
Delaware ________

-0
C

r

5 lt!.ooths

are u1nbl e t o ,uppon t ll~ mselves .

'-0

-i

CD

s1c:C , .10d d 1s..,b l~ :ir.r s on'i . . . . ............. .

o r r esou r cM t o prov1 rte- i.\ re.nonao l c 51Jt,5 1ste-oce.'
Loe.al ___ _____ _ I L,10e . t> linf1, s i ck, a..n d age:i.t .111d tnf1rM persoc5, who

g

-i

►

m

,io11th~ 1n c o unty 1~tha te ! )'

lU"3l!H4 nC e.

Pr o vi-s 1ao.1 for r e.,o,,.~.L
o r r.eedy 11 o ares1d~ u t s

I Any

person uaab l e To obu i n wor k,udwh o has no pe r ma.neat abode or fr iuds o r rf'lathe ■ t o m&int a i n
hl 111 , I.DJ iod1 gent • i ck ~raon, and a.ar pe r■ on wlth
i n• dfi c i e nt reaourc •• ■ 11 d hco1r11P- tor necea ■ ltl e•.

realt r. 9

I Legal

reg, ideoce __ __ _____

r Mideacc-.

('I .

►
-i

0

z

Florid&

---------1

hdlr11t, hfln,, ud hNHpe"o11; ha cont, wlO No 1neral pr0Ybio1; Coutr wiOJopllatloaot 9,'l'OO
a populatloo or JM,000 or aore, peraon.w~,ec:11" COUIJ wiO poplll&llOI 10 10,1100, 1 ,.,r. Coutr wiO
or 111•, hfln,ltr, or ■lafortne ~uecl&la 1poa Ille of 9,'l'OO 10 10,1100, 2 pop11&tl01 or 155,000 OT . , " •
,ean.
I
aldud1,■pat~rolaocletr; ha co ■atr wlO a pop,-

-r.

latioa ~.000 to ~.000, penoa1 •■able to 11pport
or •lltah tlleaHhee t>eca•e of delhqanc,, hdlteDCJ', or otber ca1aea.
Geor1l•---------f Persoa• wlt.bo1t ••aa of support ud1a&bleo to •iatal ■ t beme 1ves b7 labor.
Idallo

l-•-----------------------i-------------------------------i----------·········------

-----------1 Penou

wllo are sick, hdi&:eat, or ■a&ble to work
becaae of ph,.ical iaflraitiea a■d voald aaffnlf aot aided b7 Urie coan ti.

llliaola

--------1 Deetltute

penoaa udperaoaa aaable to ean a li•elU1ood becaase of bodilJ iafir■ itJ, idioc7, l1aac7,

l 7ear 1-iatelr pre-

cedla1 appllcatloa.

.,atu ta
Ieprec:edl11

coa■ tr

t•).

laedlatelr

appllcatlo■•

ll&J

1 1•r iD coa1t1 illllldiatel1
precedhr appllcat lo■•

be reaond to place of

resideace.

or oOer aa&Yold.able caues.
ladlua --------- I hdi1nt pel"IIOas or ruilies w~o reqalre aid ud ur
a t0Wasllip wbo ii alck or la dhtrea
peno■ h
wltbolt frie■da or twoda. IO

Iowa

laaaas _________

1 ,ear co.th1oal7 h coaaty 11

1 year h co111t7

co

"'

Acqabitioa of aew rni- Ma1 be ret ■ ned to place
dnce; wUhl aid aaiaof rai.deace oa ol'der of
Jatice of tlle ,,eace.
tern'Pted a.baeace for l
7ear froa tOWDslllp.
kqaisitio1 of aw resi-1 Ila.I H ret10•ed to State or
of ttsideace OIi
co ■■ t7
deace or &bae ■ ce for l
order of district or ■ a­
,ear troa State.
c011rt.
.perior
Acquisition of te• resideace h Statej wilful
abaeace of 1 7ear tr011
co ■ at7 of lec&J. resideace.

0
0

&

~

e■ ts. H

See

foot ■ otes

at eDd or table.

boanl. 1

CD
Cf)

5 saccesshe ~an la a tcwa.

Acq11hitio1 ot Dev reatdttce orbJ 5 Jean' Ur
,nee f roa towa. ••

,'l
llartlud ----- -- - ICoHt1 welt are boanl deslraates poor relief reclpl-

Pro•lded for br nles aad
reculatioaa of State

)>

wltboat recel•h1 &IIJ)pliira u
a pa,per.

[

I

--------------1

--------1

PenoH belpless aad so destitute of propert1 as to
reqaitt public usistaace.
Louisiua _______ Need1 peno■s who are i11fina and sicll a.ad disabled
paupers. la tire support· gi•ea oal1 to those wbo are
dnti tote a.ad llelpless.
Haiae., ___________ I Persoaa ia aeed of relief bec.aase- of po•ertJ_______ _

leatuct1

0

J

Poor penoa1 wlO ao 9ropert1 wbo, becaae ol 9111,sical disabilitiH, areaa~ble to~an a lhhc; aeedJ
persoas with soae aeau of support ll&f be1hn .. id
it coaduc:he to tbeir welfare ud to the best iaterests ot tbe pablic.
Perso■s ia aeed of ald or se"ice ud 1u.bleto care
tor tlleaehea.

Uaiaterrapted reaideace of l
1ear iD tonsllip. 11

1-------------------·---- -I (11 1- ---------- ------ ---------• -·----------------·------

Upoa reqaest of '"°ersttr
wllere fond, pereoa ..,,
be reaoved to towa of resldence, Hle'U oYersttr
o( letter tow■ tiles writtn objecttoa. 11

("')

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fB
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Cf)

•

(J1
(J1

Table 2.-Requi rnents for El iglbl I ity for General Relief-Continued

(.71

C7>

•

R~idence provisions
Description of class

State

State

Masaacbusetts

(/)

Acquisitioa of residence

---1 Iadia:ent

I

Local

5 coasecutin years in

persons needing support and destitate and
e1tremel7 nea:lected children. HI

ProYisions for

Loss
17
tOlfD ••

I Failure

to reside in towa
for !5 consecati ve 7ears.

rNOY&l

of needy nonresidents

I

aary or to Stau or place
where person belona:s.

---------1

residence or trusported
oat of the Sta.te.
Acquisition of aew resideace; mluatar, uaia-

Mar be reaol'ed to place of
resideace.

ternpted absence for l

-----1 Paapen --------------------------------------------1----------------·-·---•--l 6 aooth In coaot7 ___________ _

tO

i:i
N

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CJ
0

~

l'v

JUsaoari: 8
State -- ..

~

m

)>

;o

m

r

:e7i:~:,

12 aoatbs in coaat1 1Mediatel1

l Jear

11

date of order tor

----------------16 aoatbs la co■at7 ---------1--------------------•---- INoarealdeata
-be reamed
to coaDty of rnideace.
11

Ci)
(/)

r

0
Board of aape"iaor■ •1
direct constable to re110Ye pauper to county of
residence.

------1

Penoaa aeediae &ld or relief in cases of public calult7. ao
·Local _________ la coaaties witll firat-clua cities: illdieent, aid:
depeadeat persoaa ·le1:cept iuaa.e,, ud tlloae safteri ■ e fr011 a coataaioaa dlaeaae. Ia all coaatles:
aeed, iafint, laae, blind, or sick pe,rsoaa unable
to sapport tbeaelYes.

Moataa&---------1 Dest I tote aonplo7ed ud annploJ&ble peraou and
tboae h aeed of pabllc uaiataoce, w~o are not
ell11lble tor or are aot recehi ■r old •e• u1latuce, blild asabtuce, or aid todepeadeat childr••
h their owa hONe, are •liaible for direct relief.
Peno■■ ■ aet aot be i• a.toed of coat illaed care h

(")

)>
~

deace.

C

CD

r

m

I

1e1r fr011Su.te witb latent to abaadon rni-

"'0.

C

-r,

May be reaoYed to place of

Hiaaesota _____ --1 IYer, poor person who is aaable to eara a UYelibood. 1 tear 11

CJ

.,,

r

Hicbleu:•

Mississippi

~

m

Board ot public welfatt ..,
remove person to to.n of
r6idence.
Persons for
WbOII DO town is 1 iable •&J
be reJDOYed to State infir-

State
Deatl tute ud uaemploy!M persons
Local--------- Poor persons unable to eara a li'Yiae because of physical or aental diaabilit1. Aid a:il'ea ■usi be condaciTe to welfare of person and iD tile best interests
of tbe public.

i,!

z

p•bllc laatltatlon because ol ""nt&l or physical

condition. Peno11 wltboat aeaa.s of support becauae
of lDfiniity, idiocy, laa.acy. or otber causes are
eliaible for poorbouse or workhouse care, medical
aid, or h011pitalizatioa.
Hebruka

NeTad&

--------1

l year"'

Poor per9ona uaable to earn liYellhoods because ot
uaaTOidable causes.

----------1 Poor

3 years

persons unable to earn liTeliboods because of
bodily infinity, idiocr, luDacy, or otber causes.

6 1101ths ia county•• ______

e

■ oaths

---1 Acquisition

of new residence or uninterrupted
abaeace for l year troa
State witll. i ■ teat to
ab&adoa reside ace.

ia county ___________ _

By coant,· of rnideace at
request of couatr where
fou ■d, Traa ■ portatioa
aonresident■

afforded to
of State.
Upo■

reqaest

wllen foaad,
be

ftaOYed

of

coaatJ

perso■ ■ut

b1 coaat, of

resideace.

New HU1J>9hire ••• lPoor J)ersoas uaable to support tbe•elves __________

1

__ _ _

5 coasecuthe years iD town 11

Acquisition of ■ ew resi- On·rseere of tOlf'a .., caaae
dence, abando ■■ ea t of
applicut to be retaraed
d011iclle for 5 coaaecuto II. ts hoae. Coan tr coathe rears, or receipt
■ issioaen or superior
of assist.u.ce u pauper
court - , re110Te persoa
for 5 coaaecuthe rears.
to the coantJ wUcb 1••e
relief toappllcut witllia 1 rear, or to tbe co111t1 in which appllca■ t
11nd I year la last ~ if
he ·seeks relief before
bal'iDI resided in coaat,

1 year in ■uaicipali t7 or if
lega.l resident of State, residence is in ■ unicipali t7 i a
which applicant spent ma.tor
part of preceding year, 18

CoatiauouS absence for l
year fro■ State or ■aai­
cipality.

3 ao■tbs. 1

New

Jersey

------1 Persons

an.able to ■ail)t&iD tbeaselYes or dependents.

Needy persons not otherwise provided for under State
laws who are willia2 to work but are uaeaploy~ or
uaeaployable because of obysical disability.

l year without interrupt ion iftllediately preceding Hay 4, 1Q36, 5 yean
without interrupt ion for
persons not qualifying
under the preceding provision. 28

Applicaat ■a, be reaoYed
to place of residence. If
applicant bu no place of
resideace be - , be reao•ed to place fra■1 wbich

he caae. 1

to

J>

en

8

0
CD
~

N

en

0.
0

'<

C")
0

0

-

00
r"'i)

New He:rico:
State _________ Needy persons without re&SOaablesubsisteace vbo are
not receivine otber relief or u9ista■ ce except
aedical or sureical care.
Local
Dese"iDR iadieeat persoaswboare objects of charity _ 1 year

I

---------1

New York ________ Persons ia need of relief a.nd care who are unable to
provide for themel•es. Siclr. and dependent Indians
who reside on any reserTatioa within State.
See footnotes at

e ■d

of table.

0
--4
QC)

J>

days iu county

1 year coat i111oua residence in
town or ci t7,"

to

Acquisition of ■ ew residence or coatiauous absence for l rear froa
State.

Kay be re110Yed to place of

residence in or out of the
State.

r-

l'T'I

en

•

(.J1

-.-J

Taoltt 2.-Requireaents for Eligibility for General Relief-Continued

(JI

co

•

Reside1ce proYisioas

Acquisi tioa ot residence

Description of class

State

I

State

North Carolina --1 Iodigeat persons

Local

Lo••

en
-i

ProYisioas for rNo"Yal
of needy nonresidents

►
-i

m

l year coatia110usl7 in co11111t1-I Acquisition of aew resi-1 Upon coaplai ■ t of county
dence.
coalssioners to justice
of peace. County of residence ■ ust pa, expense of

or:.'!-a'.i.P9D41':.IL)- I Persons

Oklahoma: s

1 year conthaous1,"

---11

reqairin1 public support or relief---------

year in county or it le1al
ttsideat of State, re,side■ ce
is ia county iD which applicaat
apeat •jor part of prec~ina:
year. 11

Acquiaitioa of new r~i- O,,eraf'era of poor ll&J apdeace or Yolaatar, abply todistrict coart for
sence for 1 year or 110re
order to reao•e perso■ to
froa coaaty.
coaat1 of lecal residence.

Coaat7, 12 coasecatiYe 110ntbs.
Town or city, 12 consecathe
110atb iacoaaty, 3coase-cuti•e
110aOs i ■ tOWD or city. 11

Hay be re.:>•ed to place of
ttsideace; upon refe&l,
court order .., be obtained.

State-coaaty

~

8.
CJ'

'<

-1

0

i ■ firaity,

1 1ear81

_______________ _

idioc1, laaacy, or otber eaase.

0

C

00
~

May be remYed to cou ■
or State ot reaideltce.

t,

Oreco•:•

bodll1

Pe■aa1h·aaia

I

____ Penoaa who need u■ istuce in order to ■ah.tail
tb. .elns asd tbelr dependents,

G'l

en

r

z

hdi1e■ t aad destitute uaaplo7abl_es80_____________ _ 1 ,ear for State hllda -- I 6 ■ontba tor couaty fnda -----

-·•--·---1

m
r
m

0

charity.

State
Needy persons ud tbelr depeodeats
Local --------- Au1 poor pen,oa 1u.ble to ean a liTi ■I ~ase of

"Tl

►

::0

-i

not otherwise cared for bJ Govenaeat, State, or
county relief areacies or by pabl ic or priYate

c;

~

m

r

►

I

State _________ Destitate able-bodied penoas and aneaploy&bles 80

n

r

(")

rell<JY&l.

North Dalcota ____ J Destitute and aecessitoaa persons

-0

C:
a,

1 rear 1-iatelr precedha: applicatio ■•

1 ,ear contiaaoas rnideace ia uotber State.

Paupers 11&1 be remftd bJ
couatr co1rt to State of
resideace. Paapera wllo
lla•e resided ia uot lier
coa.atJ i ■ tbe State l ,ear
prior tobec011i•1 apobllc
c barce aa, be reao•ed
thereto.
perao■ vltb a qoasi
settleaeat i ■ tile State
.., recetYe u1iltaace

Aa1

util rllllO'l'edtoplace of

let•l

N■ ldnc •.

lbode Iolud •••• I Needr peno■a vbo are 11eaployed or w~ooe 111plo,...t I 2 roan 11 •••••••••••••••
lo hadequte to pro•lde t~e ucnal tlea of life, 11

h t01111, 11 & r•ar• I ■ 5 years coati ■ D011 ab- Har be retlCIY9d to plo,ce of
tow■, 11 or poue■ alos of eaute 1e1ce- frca ton or acrnldeKe.n
q•lsltloo ol a new l'fti•
of hllerita ■ ce or freehold _ii
low■ ud , ...1, he .... ol Sa:> · dHCe.aa
clear for 3 ,eara. N

a ao, 01

Soath Ca.roll ■ a: 1

State ________ _

P•no ■s

la 1eed wbo are unable to sapport tb9Mel1'ee
because of physical or ae ■ tal iafiraitr aid who are
helirtble for other fonaa or pabllc uai ■ tuce.
Local ••••••••• labablt&ats wbo bt reuoa. of a,e, i ■ firwiUea, or
■iaforu11e ha:t"e clai ■ oa s,apalbJ ud &id of societ7.

Sou tb Dakota ••••

cit,. 84

hdl1eat penoH -·-·····--··----·· ···-····-··-··--· 1

Teaneasee -------1 Poor per101s wlllo MJ becoee cMr1eable u paapen
Ud hd l1e1t sict or hJ Ired.

O..ersttrs •1 rem•e peroo• to place of resldeace.

3 ·saccessh'e ,ears in coant1 or

u,

,ear--·----···-·---•-· 190 dayo

1-------------------------11

coaala CO■ll1 ---··-·-----· Br acQUlrl.11 aw reolde■ce Upon coaplailt ol
h tbe State or bJ wiltJ C01111iaaloa.er, tbe J aaful abaeoce for lll dayo
t ice of peace •1 e&aae
ur noar•ide•t to be ae1t
!rm <'• State.
to bis 9lace of residence
at Oe ezpe ■ae of tlile
co1at7.
,ear h coa1t1 86 ____________ 1••• ____________________ _

Texu: 1

State ________ _

AU peraoH or laall leo h depnde ■t ud leedJ cir•
caastaacea wllo are iaeli1lble for aad are ■ ot coac1rre■ tlJ recehh1 &id aad.er oner ttpea of uaiatuce. 81
Local··--·---· Pau~ra, i ■dlreat stet, ud ladi1eat pa.blic chareea
allllcted vi tb Ubercalosls,

UtU ------------

I Pttso■s wbo are iadia:eat, sict, or otherwhe depeadeDt.

Persons ia destitute circ1111111taaces.

l 7ear __________________ I 6 110atlr1

i■

l 7ear __________________ I 4 aoatbs h
yearJ."'

coaatJ------------1--------------·-"'·------count, h1inon,

1181

acqui"aitio ■

of aew

resideaceorbt4 ■oatba'

abseace ft'OII coaat7.
Ver■o ■ t

0

r.B
a,
N

"'a.

~

0
0

a~

---------1 Poor

aad bdi1eat persona i ■ ■Nd of u■ htaace for
t11easebea or faailies.

Ylr1hla •••••••• , Yarruts aod perSOIIS phyolcall, hcapable ol ·owpDe11portt■ 1 tben.el.-es or pro•idh1 aabteauce.
tlt1te perao■ s h ■ eed of p ■ blic relief wllo are
a■ J
of
laaatea
aaaiau.ace.
recehh1
of
tiae
at
aot,
coa ■ tJ, ■ 1 ■ icipal, State, or aatioaal hatitatio ■•
Wasll:iqtoa

------1 Ia

■eed because of aaeaplo,ae■ t becaue of pb7sical

disabUi ty or a17 other caae •.

See footaotea at e-Dd of table.

I (81 )

htentate ■ irraats ■ ost
ttside ii State 3 reara
a ■ ln.s at t tee of ■ i1ra­
tioa persoa was able to
SUppot't aelf. It

3 1ean i1I towa or rare ______ _

12coasec1ti•e110atbs l1co11t1,
towa, or citJ. • 0

Noareside-ats of State a&f
be t raasported out of
State, Noaresideats of
towas •1 be trusported
to place of reside-nee. 1
May be reaoved to place of

resideace
State.

i■

or oat of t be

a,

ln
(")

....
►

CD

r

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CJ)

•

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Taols 2.-Requirements for Eligibility for General Relief-Continued

Cl)

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Residrnce provisions
Sta te

0 ~5 C n p t l OD

ot cl .4. 55

Acq t1u 1ti o n o! residence

State
We-st Vi r 2uh

--- I Ind1 1i ellt

per5o os1cho are o r wi ll be cor.e p ubl 1c c l'lire-e1,

who .tre 1n need

of

1nst1t u t1 0D!ll

p h)'S i.c a.l or ll"t' nta.1 co r,J 1t1on , or
111ed1cal or s ur11: i c al care .
1U sc o os1n

Wy or111011

C4re

t>t"c a.1.1 s e of

a re

1n need o f

Il

1ear

41

l r ~it.r

&o•J pa upen wh o b)' rea.soti o ! !HC l .M 55 ,
iof1n1t1, dec rep it ude , o l d a i1c , dru ::dce nnes s, or ;> r-◄,:­
n&n c y an lli:el)' t ob ecoltt" puo lic cri.& r ie s. l nd1 i f' Dt
person a!1l1c t ed win d1 se a~ , r,a lA(1f, d ef on1 lt 7 ,
o r all111 e at whi c h c u proba bly t>t- r e~~1ed o r 4d vAnta11:eously treat~ .
persons laciln ii 1U !! 1c1ent

in come

&n d re-

l ou l

---------------- / Actuall7 rt-s i ,Hng

----- -- 1lnd111:ea u

---- ---- -I I ad 1went

Lo s s

I

Prcvl s i o ns f o r r ~mov&l
o ( nttd y aon re:nJ e-ats

Yil- 1Ab~t!n cf' fr °'"' p h c.,. er rf""~- 1-~1yD,.
de ncf> fa r l ye.s r o r - o r ~

or1ered t o re-turn

t o p!.J.ce

ot r e.s 1Jence-.

or a c q u 1s 1t1 o n o f n P-W

::0

Il

yfl ar"s

1 ye-&r i o county

48

------------ 1------------------------- 1Count y departmenu ot put>! i c 1-'e lf a re rruM r~que~ t
.i1.1 : to n t1 fr()Clp r o~ er u f( 1r 11. l s o f c;ou rir, 1.-i11
SL\tt" o f rt-:S 1ar- nct- t o r .. t u rn no:~re-!l lt1'! n l , nd ~u , t
p r o v1die tN n!IPQ rt t1.t1o ri

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Pioneers' B011e

Di ■ t rict

of Co-

u" unAbl" t o "& r n livf! lih oods bN:auseo r irr,rr,a tur itr, s. 1c knt· s s, o r p hy s1 c <1 l
111fir111t1 a nd U1 " un ( o r t ur:ia.tt! a.ad nee-dy 1a the l~rn to r1 wh o a re- no t e-atitl~ t o the be-ne!lu or tb e
Pi oneers' Home o r to old &if e pen!l1 on.s .
Worthy persons who a.re dest1tut t> •Dd u need of .ud
because of physi cal disability or otl'ler reason.
rrteans wh o

5 1eu s i n territory i11•~ 111. t "lY prKedlDQ' appli c att on .

All &1ed, iafir•, or needy persons-----------------! Leral residencf' --- -- ----

l-la.

,0

tlawaii _________ _ Need1 peraoaa o r ! llJ!l ilies who tor anr reuon satis-

rv

fact or 1 to the count1 pu b li c we lfare co,.ission &T'e
aaable toprocur~ o r pr o v1d~ su tticieat support foT'
Appl. i c.ant s tu.a~t " ot have ■ &de a.a &str-aa a f e r o f pn, pertJ to quallf)· for
Appl ic:ant.s ■ u s t. not. be ia•ate• of ■ n1
pubU,c '-••·u.uni.o• •tt.l.l• r•c•1•1•• aid, 44

the.,,elwes.
SLID-nt or
•••\ata ■ ce.

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Alaska:

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a. od ~i; r,en s~ ea r oi.tt- .

te.porary ____ _ Pttaons wit i~t

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residence.

sourc es fo r s ub si~ te1:1ce.

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in town , citf, or

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Mar b" r~ve-d to place of
residence.

'Tl!ll])Orar, absence !or periods U10unt hi to l ,ear doet aot affect the ri1ht to relief.
'aeqliremeat wahed h einer1ency cues,
1
2 a19tou of 1ener&l relief provided for by law.
•to q11&lif1, appllc&Dt ■oat ,ot hue disposed of propertf witbh 2 1ear1 prior to application.
11eciprocal arreeaenta are authorised witb other States rel&tha: to transportation of
bdi1eou.
'Board of aupe"tsors a&f specify the uouot of property a.a a.ppllca.at Hf possess while
recehiDI aid.
7Wltbout recehiDI relief. Tiff speot iD public institution or 01 parole not counted

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in C011Puth1 residence period.
1 U oo county residence, then county wbere applicant la■ tresided 1 year withh 3 years
precedia1 appllcatioa h liable. It applica.nt does not have l year 1 s reside.ace, the coDDty
in which applicant spent lonaest period ls liable.
1 Alieos and iahabituta of other towns h the State entitled to relief 0017 by vote of
inhabitants or br ■ ajorit7 vote of selectllt'a. Justices of the peace, and inhabitants. All
applicants ■ ust ba'fe been seU-'supporti.ne for 4 years. State assumes responsibili tJ for
"Sute poor"; i.e., persons iD aeed of relief for wh011 no town is responsible because of
lack of residence.
10 Aid ■ust be retua~ any be&l.th7 person until tbe overseer ot the poor is satisfied that
the applicant is tryini to fiad work tor himself. No aid aay be furnished to any person
wbo refuses wort at reasonable ccmpensat ion,
11Married woinen aban.doned by their husbands are e-lia:ible if they were residents of the
township 6 eon tbs prior to abandonment. If applitant was supported by 1lOver11..enta.l aa:enc7
durina: first 6 months, such time is elirllinated in computini residence.
u'iithout receiving support from public funds, or care in any charitable institution,
and without beine- warned to depart. U person warned to depart files an affidavit that
he is not a pauper, be becoines e-liaible tor relief l year ilfter filing affidavit.
1 aReceipt of relief durini absence pre•ents loss ot settlement in town of oriiinal settlement.
1'1Prol'ision is made for re-ceytion in almshouses of V&irants, beggars, dissolute persons
who hue no occupation and no visible means of support, and di~orderly penons likely to
become county charies, Ba.lti!IIOre Citf also cares for sick, disabled, destitute, and hol!'leless persons, Baltiinore Count1 authorized to provide for unerirployed, destitute, and
indigent persons. State funds when available may be used for the relief of unemployed
and une11tplo1ables.
16 Io Prince Geories County recipient of out-pension 111ust be a citizen of the county; in
Anne Arundel County recipient of out-pension 111ust be a citizen of the United States and a
resident of the county for l year i11111ediate-l7 preceding application; in Baltimore County
a recipient of relief must be a resident of the county,
H10woership of insurance policies not in excess of $300 does not disqualif7 applicant.
17 Witbout recehini a.nJ public relief except soldiers' and sailors' relief unless within
2 year ■ after recehine relief recipie11t tenders the cost thereof to the cofll&Onwealtb or
town turniahin1 it.
19
Witbout recehine public relief.
nc.ounty i1 which person resided longest within the year is liable, if relief is administered under county srste■. Town in which person resided longest within the year is liable

if relief is ld■iDiltered nder the town syste■• Tiae spent in public institution, under
co•it■ent to 1uardiaasbip of State Board of Control, orwbil1 receivin1 relief ii excluded
in dete111inln1 residence.
10
To qualU1,applicaat ■ustnotpossesacaahor neeotlable ae-curitiesiathe 1u■ of ~

aa,

or 110re, or interest in property of
kind ia exces1 of Sl, 500 1$2,000 if owned by husband and wife lhin1 toeetberJ.
11
Count7 court aar, ia its discretion, itllllt relief to any person without reeard to reosidence.
11
Alieas illee-ally in United State,a are not eligible.
13
1-year county residence required tor care iD poor farm or vorkhouse.
••Excluding &DJ period durha: which person was an in111&te of any charitable or penal institution or recehed relief.
16
Counties 11ust support &DJ person for wbose support no person or town ia State, h cbara:e&ble.
18
1izae spent in charitable, custodial, or corre-cttonal institution excluded. Provided
that the period beeinainc January 31, lQM, durioi which a resident of the State has received dependency or poor relief fro• State or local agency, must not be counted in determinina: residence, ill order that a person's residence shall re.in the same durine the
emere-ency period. This provision becomes inoperative on January l, 1940.
27
iHthout re,cehina: public relief, Time spent while patient in hospital or inmate of any
public institution or while on parole fro111sucb institution may not be counted u residen.ce
in order to gain settl~ent. Kxceptioas.-The tollowin1 persons must reside in town~
years to be elia ible: tuberculous residents ot Franklin• Greene, Ulster, Essex, Orange,
Livingston, Otsego, Tompkins, Rockland, or Sullivan Counties, or a patient ot a State
district tuberculosis hosp0i1tal and his family; residents of towns in Steuben County who
have become members of the National Soldiers' Hoe at Bath; and Members, inmates, a.ad
employees of the Veterans' Administration Facility in Ontario County.
18
Unless at time of enteriai State- person was able to support himself. Time spent iD
any institution or on parole theiefrom is not counted.
HWi thout receil'ioi public relief. Time spent in cbari table, custodial, or correctional
institution excluded.
30 An "unemployable'' is defined as a person who is destitute and unable to ~cure employ111eot because of &lfe, physical or mental disabilit1, infirmity, temporar1 illness. or other
disability; because of the rules of the Federal relief adr11inistratioo reletiDIZ to a.ge
requirements on work re.lief proirams; because of ineliQ"ibilit7 for '4<>rkme-n 1 s compe11sation
insurance; because of inability to leaT~ home to secure employment; or because ot illness
reiiuirin1 supervision or attention.
31
Under this act a resident of the State ls a person who has lived continuously in the
State for 3 years without receiving relief and with intent to make it his or her home.
Time spent in a public institution or on parole therefrorri, in a private charitable institution. or while child is dependent on public or private- relief is not-counted in determining residence.
2
~ Reqaireinent for ho111e relief or wort relief under State financed and State, supenised
prolfr&m endin1 June 3:>, 193Q. State- Unemploynten.t Relief Commission 11ay waive residence
requireJ1eots i ■ special cases.
58
Applies only to county financed and ad111inistered permanent poor relief program.

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Taote 2.-Footnotes Continue<I
8'Pe-rson 111ust be a citiZf'D of this or sow,e other State and 11ust ba•e aaintained self and
fa.riily durinK 3-year period.
:\ 5Applies to poorhouse care only.
ll~The types include aid to dependent and destitute children in tbeir owa ho.-s or those
of relatives, assistAOce to ;eedy blind, orotber types of .usistaoce provided by tbe Social Security Act.
37 ~ sutle:nent can be acquired while a per50n ha rttipient of charity.
58 Sune provide5 tor nonresidents of towns who haYI!' resided in State l year or 110re.
59 ~ s oot &P?h to outdoor relief to which State cOntributes.
• 0 withoot recei•i11g public or pri.-&te relid. ~ s 101 applr to outdoor ~lief to wblcll
State cootnbotes .
••~hen funds are specHicall1 available tor that pul"J)OR, ttllefaay be rraated to those
wbo bu·e not been reside-au of tbe State l 7e11r.

'8Tillle spe,at as follovs shall Dot 2he a ~rso1 leaal residnce: ( U while supported u
a pauper; 121 •bile employed on a IOrlts Proeress AdnliDistratioa project or on aar of the
State or Federal wort relief proR"r&J11s; 131 while a 11ember of the Civilian Conservation
,ublic Of' prhate iostitutioa; c:,1 while residin1 ia a
Corps; (41 while residinir 1a
transit'iat cup; and 151 while residhi or ea-ployed 01 any Indian rese"atioa not undt-r

a.a,

State jurisdiction.
,sProvir.ted that applicant has not be-ea phJsicallr abseDt fr'c. State or couaty for a period
of aore tha.o l rear i.ediatel, p~cediDi application; absence tor service of the State
or United States ia e1cepted. Person aust D.ot ha.Te ·rKeived public relief d\lriar tltis
period .
"In.ate of an hstitutioa aay apply for assiataace to beeia after bis discltarae frca
sad1 inst i tut ioa.

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Table J.-Responsiblllty of Relatives and Provisions for fle.covery of Cost of General Relief Fr01 Reclplenll and Their Eatat11
Sta teo

Recove ry tr011 r eci pients aod t he ir •• tatea

Re la tives re-sp,onslble f or sapport of a ppllca.nt

T~ and ext ent of r ecove r y

Li ■ itat i ou 0 1

rec0t'er7

Al.aba.Jla - ---- -- - -1 Fa t he r , gr&adta the-r , br ot he r , mothe r, e ra11d mot ber ,
child, or g randchild . 1

Ar bHas : 2
State - - - - - -- - -

1.oc•l -- - - -- -- Cali torn ia : 2
Sta t e - - -- - -- - Loc a.1 . ..• . • •• • I Spouse , pa r en t, or adlllt child 1

Cou nty has cla i m ~l l\in.s t recip i ea.t 1 s prope r t y tor tota l

a.mou nt of aid . May r equire l i ea c ondi ti onalt og r a nt or
conti nuance of aid . 3

I

Lie~ he- ld subj e-c t to pre ferred cl.&ill!I of c ount l.e s
tor rei at>11 rse ment .

It recipi ent or person l iable

( Of' suppo r t a.cq uires pro~
e r ty , 111one y, or c red it he or she must reimbu~
t he
county f or anr relief gr an ted a nd IIIAJ' be s ued on fa il-

Co lon.do ------ - ! Ch i ldre n , pa ren ts , br ot hers, sis t e rs, 2randchild ren ,
or tirandpa r ent s . "'

ure to do so .
Connecticut • ••. I Husba.nd, wir e ,

father, t1t0the r, grandfath er, e- r a.nd- 1 Town has
mother, c hildren , or i ra odchildren. 1

~l&ware ------- I Pa.renu, i r&.ndparf"n ts , c hild ren, a nd i ra. Ddch i ldren 1

_

c l&i ■

a.e-ains t r eci pient ' s es t ate

I! i nmate o! hOflle is ! oundto own pr ope rt r soch pr ope r n
i s li a b l e ! o r t h~ expense inc urred . 5

1

no r ida - - -- ---- 1Children
Georgia -- - ----- fa.ther, 111othe r , or chilJ 1

Any a.ssistance grant ed

a f t e r r ecip i e n t comes i11.to possess i on o! pr operty o r iocome i11. e 1cess o f need i s recove ra ble a.s a deb t.

rout c os t of reli e f or ass istance mus t be a ll oved 11.s
pre ferred cla i 111 ae a inst es tat e , i n fav o r o r t he Stat e .

0
CD

cr
N
ro

0.
0

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0

0

-

00
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I

Fu ne r al e xPf'nses no t t o e1ceed Sl OO and ex pense of
ad mini!ste rine e s t a te e xemp t ed from lien . No c laim
en f orced a a:a i nst r ea l t J oc cup ied bJ s univing spOU9 e
or dept! Dde ct. S ta tu t e o! li 111it at i on.s does not run
aa- ains t cla i • v hi le s o occuplM.

llliu o is - -- - ---IChi l d , pare nts , brot he rs,sis t ers, ira.ndchild r en , o r
grandparent s , e xcept married fe male witho ut i ndependen t property. 1 I! per.; on becOl!leS a pauper ! r Ol'!I
intelftpe r&nce o r bad cond nc t , pa.~n t or ch i l d l i able.
lndi.ua

---- ---- 1Re l a t iv~

in tovns hip

Iowa ________ ___ jfat~r .

1

mot he r , child re n, male 1rra. lldchildren , and
grandpa rents. 6

See footaotn at ead ot table.

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CD

Upon dea.th of recip i ent. towns h ip MY r ecove r !rOfll e.s t a te
tota l amount or a id iirM t ed to r a pe riod o r 3 re a rs pri o r
to his death.
Total amount o r aid ma.7 be r ec overed fr om es t11t e o! r ela ti ve , !rOTT1 t he r ecipien t , o r hi s l!'Sta.te .

No tteOY'er:v it s pouse or mi nor ch ildren su rv i ve.

r

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en
Homes tead li ab le at deat b of rec i p ient anl es s 11osband,
wire, o r minor c hild r e n sa rv iYe .

•

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Table J.-Responsibility of Relatives and Provisions for Recovery of Cost of General Relief From Recipients and Their Estates-Continued
~ec nvery !rM f'""<1P itt at,5 .1.nd tht- tr ~sc1.t~

Rt-latives r esponsible to r support o! :ipplt cJl nr

Stat~

U a it:.tt t OM q n r•cm·~rr

Type and '!llent or r,-r,:(IV ~q·

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Kentucky ••••••••

-l

..\!'l'IO!H1C s~ct ro r ~1 c,,1 Sl! rvt c~ ;1 nd t r"'a.u11ent l'l\l)' b""
c: ovf."r~d ! r ot'I r"'Cip1en r ~avini propr-rq•.

K.\n5.1.5 ----------

m

,,

1Adul t childre nl

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CD

Louis uni\

r
~ ... lat

!'!a int"

j

at t ve , or -e-s ta.t e o( r!!'Ctpi,..ct.

tv'"' l tl'lbl~ ! or c os t ot r,.. ll~t 1nc11 r recl 6 mont~~
pri or to !1l1ng action ! or recu-.·~r y ;,n..! !'-D,Y futu rer,..ll,..C cos ts tncurr-d.

Maryl.and _______ _

~fa.ssachllSeH s - - -!Fathe r , e- r andfat~er , mo t ~ r . e r a.nd111othe-r. children ,
and gr i'Uldch 1ldren b)' consace-ui1u t y and living 1n
the Sta t e 1

MicSt&tl!!
hi2•n:'
_______ _ _

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LocAl --------- Husb &nd , vite , h:be r , 2 r a.nd!a t her , :it0t'1 ~r, i r;iodm01her . a. ad ch i ld r en . l

!i in ne5ota -. -- - - -- 1Child r en , pa r ents , b r o thers, sist e rs , i randch1ld r en.
snd er and p&rei:u.s. 9

To t 4 l

cost trBY bl'!

r t-e overed !rOl'II r ecipient o r hu

m

est&te.l

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C l.ai m allCMed a.s &i n.st r~1 p1e1n or e5 t &t e tor rea.s ocable
v& l. ne o ! a id gi ve n by local sobdivis ion.

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/1 issi!,sipp1 _____ Fat he r. gra od! at.her, l'!IOt ~r . er &ndl!loth~r, br ot hers,

0

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,is t ers , or de5ceodents . G

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Mi5souri: 2

Sta t e ----Loc al ----- - --Manta. ca ---- -----! Fat her, e ra nd!a t her , inot ber , i' r&n dmot he r. c hi ld ren ,
gra ndchildren, br o t hers, o r s i5ters . 1 It ind ige nce
is due to v ic.e or int eaper acce , pa. r ent o r ch ild 11tus t

s upport.
Seb r ask a. ------ - -1F•t he r, gra lld fat he r, oot he r , gr &nd• oth er , childn,n ,

ll' rand c hildre n , br ol~rs . o r sis t ers , 8

.

I

Reasonable cost o!aid may be r ecove red !rcrn r ~ipie nt o r
his es t n. t e .

NPvad a ____ ___ ___ Fat he r , i raod !a.ther, 111to t he r. 1 ra.nd 1110tbe r , c hi ldr~n ,
iz randchildren, b rothe rs , or sis te rs. 8

New H11111psh ire -- - ] Fat her, rotbe r , son, da uib t er , o r person in r e la t ion·
sb ip o! pa re nt t o a 111 i 11o r s tepc h ild.

Coun t y!u r nl,hinga~"iis t&nce t oan y persoo withi n 6 years
pr eced l llll' hbde-ath my tl!'COV"r COfl t of USt9t&ftC ~ f r ex1t

h is es t ate.

Niev Je rsey

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Recipient o r ht5 e xecut o r or 3dl!l1ni.str,1t or ts ltable in

c ont r&e< t o .,, t own fo r e,p,ns'"' incorre,Ho r suppo rt .

(")

--·---I FatQraher,
Mt ~r , e rand ! a the r, i r &nd111other , c h ll.d r en , ITot al c oot o! a.sslll t &Dce MY be r~ov'! red CrOlll reci pient
ndchild ren,
or wi! e . 1
or
'°"ta t., .
bUBb& od,

bl ■

Faoe-ra.l e x ~nses, e x penses of

la.st illness, alkl adi.inistration c ans exemp t fr om c l Al111. No c l a hl ex is t s i f wi d ow o r 111l n01" chi l d surv iv~.

No recove r y pennit t ed l! t"s t ate la needed t o preven t
• • rvl•lng wid ow or minor ch ild lr,.,hecomhg d•p,,11<1 e nt .

1111v llnlco: 1
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Stat•--------- ---------------------------------------------------- ADJ ual.tltance 1ranted after reclple11t c0111es i1to p011- No clal ■ enforced agaiast realt1 while occupied bJ
aesalon ot property or he.,.,. In exceaa of hla seed MJ """hint spoase or depelldent.
be recOftred bJ the St&te departMlt. Total aaount ot
usistaace M1 be recoTered trca estate.

N~~:~k----···- Husb&ad, -wife,- fatber, JK)tber, rrandparent, child,
erudcbil.d, or stepparents. 1

Total cost ofusistance •1 be recarered tram recipient
or Ills estate. Public welfare otricial bu preferred
clai ■ aea.hst iuarance poUcy. 10

Action ■ oat be broa1ht for recorerJ within 10 Jears
after receipt of relief. If rec ipieat le&t'6 a vida,
or ■inor cbildren. wbo are or are liable to become
public charges, cl.Ai ■ aaaiaat insurance policy aa1
be w.hed. 11

North Caroli■•--1----------------------------------------------·----- Real propeny aa, be sold or rented to reillbarse county
for aht~i•inr recipient.
1

North Dakota---1 Father, aoiber, or clllldrea ----------------------- -------------------------------------------------------Ohio ........................ (1 1 ) ------------------------------·---------------- All propert1 of iadice ■t is ch&f'le&ble tor support-----1 C01111laeloners mst petitioa probate coart tor sale

of property.
Okl&b-: 1

State--------State-cou ■ tJ-

Orefoa:•
State----··-·13
Local --------- Children, pattata, brothers, or sisters -----·--·- CoaatJ ll&J' reca,er fr011 estate of dtteased pauper.•---Peanrbani&•···I Husband, wife, cbild, fatller, JtOther, rrandparent, All propen1 of an indieeat is liable for the espenae Authorities MY apply for appointment u trustees
of recipient 'a property; 1111,y lease it and receive
of auppon, aaiotena.nce, aid, &ad burial. Judg111ents reor a-raadcbild. ~•
ca,ered arainst indigents are liens o■ the property as
income.
i ■ the cue of other judrmeots.
The propertJ of & -..
desertia1 his wUe or children without cause ll&J be attached.

RhOOe lsl&Dd---•I Father, a-randfather, ■otber, a-raad■otber, children,
or a-randchildren by consaoa-uinitJ, or children bf
adoption lhina- within the State. 1
Soath C&rolina: 1
State ••••••••• 1 Re lat hes or other persom lea-allJ responsible or Total uount of asaistance MJ be recmettd froa rec ipiwilliae to proride •iatenaace. 1
eat 's estate.

I

0
CD

':!
N
ro

0.
0

"<

C")
0

0

-

00
r"'i)

Local ________ _

South Dakota --•-I Father, ■other, or cbildren 1

(/)

(••i

$100.
110).

(")

County bas lien OD all aoaexettpt propertJ of recipient
and spouse for all sum expended.

Lien effectiYe upon p&Jaent of assistance to recipient.

)>

Cl)

rn

Texas: 1

~!1 ·-·-···--1 Parents, children,

--1

r

Tennessee •••••••

See footnotes at end of table.

Cl)
)>

No clai ■ enforced against realtJ vbile occupied bf
sa"h'ine spouse. Funeral ex~ases ■aJ not exceed

(/)

or spome

1

···-----·-----···-----i ----------·-----·---·--·-··-·-···-···-····--··-·-·-··-·-

•

m

(.11

Tao/11 1.-Responsibility of Relatives and Provisions for Recovery of Cost of General Relief Froe Recipients and Th•lr Estatn-continued

State

lecmery frc.

ReUthes responsible for sappon of

•

aad tlteir eetat•

Tn,e aid este1t of recOl'f!rJ'

Utab------------ lCbildrea, parnt■, brothen, sisten., 1raadcllildrt11,
or 1raadpare11ts. 11

en

Llai tat 1 - 011 recaren

~

Aaoa ■ t

of auistaace paid alter recipieat has coae i ■ to
propertJ or iacoae ia ei:cess of Ills ae«I la recmerable

bJ the State &.cl couat1
--,aats paid by e.cb. .

Verao•t _________ I Father, aother, OT cbildre• 1

recipie ■ ts

applica■ t

i■

~

proportloa tote respecti·n

-----------------------l .laoaat of &Nist&aee •1 be' recMered froa recipieat

OI"

-0

f Statwtor,

C
a,

r

anptioaa appi,.

bis estate.

0

:~~::;:OD ------1•-----------· ................... ---.................

:::E

m

r

aotber1 ------

West VirJhia ___ CUL:1re1, tatber, brot~r, ai ■ ter,

OT'

Wiscouia ------- Rusba.lld, wife, fat lier, child, or

.at lier

i■

order

Propen1 of hc1i1e■t la cMrreable tor 1appon 17

u.d.'
Wyoaia, --·------

&-•t of uaistuce nat be ded11Cted u a preferred clal ■ oat of proceeds of propeny 1ot hclllded
h a■ p e1e11ptiou allowed bJ law. 11

~

C")

S.,&11----------lspooae, cbild, or pareat'

.·b

.,•
'"a.
0

a

~

■et

I

or barial.

estate.

1Relat1Yn liable for ■epport to e1test of tllelr abllitJ ,
12 s,ateas of .., .. ral relief pro•lded for by law,
SCoaditioul to cra.atia1 or conthaiaa aid, u applicaat Mf be req■ ired to traufer
or rraat to tbe board of sape"ison s ■cb property or iatereat h propertJ wllich be - ,
b&Ye.
'BelatlYe■ wbo fall to 1apport • • ' forfeit 120 per - t b to the coutJ a■d tlteJ ■aJ
be saed tor Oe ■aae,
•Properti of bubud. brother, or 110tMr Qo deserted pffSO■ &dllitted to boae l■ atao

lie wllaN

i■ tliedlacretl ..

ca■alaaiaa.

of ••e c0111t1,.....

"'A pal>llc ... uare official - , accept a deed or ttal proportJ or a ■onra,• , ..,."" h
bell&lf of t., pebllc welfare district for , .. c&rw Ud •htell&IIC ■ or a pen .. at pal>lic

reel-

fro■

tr■aler,

■on,ap

n r , = ~ tllct npirati011 or l ,ear
date or
Oe propertJ or
-,
bJ t~e pa-■t ot aa7 npe•e l11e1rred.
11
1nrJ reuoaable effon - • be to Hcorw aid fro■ relatiYH a■d hterwtecl orraaiaat 1 - .
11
0.11 poreat■ or cUld liable if iedif■11C1 la dM ,o ht..,.ruce or o, .. r badcoad■ct.
If r■ latlYN rel•e to npport, tNJ ■-t !oriel\ tN au at GO ,-r - • · to tlle C0HtJ.

be

►
;:o
,.,.,
r,.,.,
Ci)

en
r
►

~

0

z

Preferred clai■ acaiMt •tate alter claia 11.eNH
•t for food, clotlli .. , fael, •-lter, aedlc&l aid,
or bwrial.

--------------·------··•--I Total•• uo-■tolualataou-, be nc:c,nNld fro■ recipi-1 IIIJ be a■rce ■t

liable.

a pareat, rife, or cllUd ts depeldeat oa propen1
for flt ■ N 1appon, t~ ca.rt •1 refue to eater
J Ddf■eat or &llCllf cl.ala.
Propen1 Yahed at 1 - tlla■ 1100 adaialaterwd bJ
co-■tJ b,.,,t. 11 ProptttJ nlled at - e t llaa llOO
ad ■ i ■ iatend bJ co.n actioa.

per-I Preferred
cl.al ■ a,ai•t .. u,e aftft' clai• • - - •
for food, clotU•• f•l, aNltef, adlc&l aid,

Total u10Ht ofespeme hear-red, pl• hterest &t 8
ce1t per a11n, a,- be r«<Jlll'tttd froa recipie■ t or fraa
bis estate.

te11perance or Yice .
Pioaeera' Hoae-1 Patber, 1101.Wr, 1rudfatller, rraadllotlltt, 1ralldchil- Total aaoaat of espnse iacwrred MJ be recO'ftred fraa
recipint or fraa Ill■ eatate . Tfw llcae 11.&a • lie ■ oa
dre1 , childre■ ,brotbers, or ai■ tera . 1 Panau &ad
chi ldttl respoulble if caue of depndeocJ la haaJ _e, or clotUoe left b1 d«eued h ■ate.
teapen.ace or Yice .
District or
Colleia

0

"Tl

-·----·I It

l----------------------------------------------------1 Total

Alaska:
TellpOt'arJ --··· 1Pat her, a,tber, 1raadfatber, rraDd.,tber, fr&ldcllildren, childre■, brotbers, or sisten . 1 Pareat■ or
cbildre ■ respouible if caae of depe•ac:1 i ■ i ■-

en
en

spo•se

14Rel1the1 11uat flaanciall.J aasist iadireat person at sach rate Al the coart of the
count1 orden or directs.

itself for expenses hcu.rred tor recipient.·
1Re1Athes li.i.ble tor support to extent of their ability. Onl7 s-,reat or child responsible if iDdieency is caused by bad coztdact or inteaperaace.
ltTue aboYe relathes are respoaaibl,e for aa7 p,uper uu.ble to work as directed by the
board of supenisors, and such re:U.thes ■et relieve aad 1111.iataiD 1uach pauper. h case
of refusal to do so, the7 au.at p&J to the couaty or other persoa carh1 for such pauper
the su■ of SlO per ■ontb.

111 0nl.y parent or child responsible if iadieency is due to inteaperaace or other bad co■duct. Relatives liable to the exteat of their ability. aot to exceed 120 per ■oath.
\"No applicut Ml" be required to assiea &n equity i ■ a hoae or h an hsurance policy
of cash or lou T&lue l ■ excee of S300 as a c01.di tioa for receivh1 relief.
"'Transient or aoa.resideat ownia1 property other than persou.l effects aectta&rJ for
decency and lle&lth ■et dispoee of property a ■ d apply proceeds toward pa,-eat of transportation &ad otber expeases.

'Gra1dpueu1 liable If able to support without penoual labor. Propert1 ol desert hr
or pareat aay be uaed to support ab&adoaed spouse or child,
7 1Joard of Public Weua..., •r ta.lie possess lo• ol red aod personal propertt to rellll>urse

16 8<».rds of co,,.ty c011111..1oners-, deoi&nd, sue !or, and recelft! all rilu, leraclea, floes,
forfeitures, aad all other J101ey or thin.cs which ur be riYeo for the use of the poor.

1

Cl)

l>

-

CJ)

CJ

tO

(")

&

-l
l>

"'0.

r

'<

CJ)

N

C,

CJ
0

~

~

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•

en

-..J

68 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
TaOIM 4.-Provisions Affecting Status of Recipients of General Relief
Frovhion9 relatinx
to p,11,u~rs 1

State

- -Dhfr11n-

&1"111pt ion
fro111

chisetnent

military

Hiscellauous

prov1sio ■■

duty

Alabaaa ________ _

Arizona ________ _

Paupen _ Vothg resideacr neither rained nor lost becaue of r~ideace iluy
alasbouse or other as,lu■ at public e:ipease.

Arkansas:

State ________ _
Local ________ _

Cali tom la:

State ________ _

Yotinti residents ndther rAlned nor lost because of rttideace ia uJ
almshouse or other asylum at public expense.
Voting residence neither rained nor lost because of re-sideace i.a ur
poorhouse or asyl u■ at public e-1peose.

Local---------

Conn«.ticut ----Paupers who urrr are discharred fr011 State welfatt boae.

Delavare -------- Paupers -Florida--------G~rgia ________ _

Paupers _
Votiai:r residence ndther 1aiaed nor loet because of residence b
alrashouse at public expense.

Idaho-----------

Votin1 re-sidence not rahed bf Tin.e of residence la -poorbonie ,
asylua, or hospital.
lodi&D& ---------

Iowa -----------Kaasu ----------

Yotinr residence neitber rained aor lo11t bec:aaae of residence h
al111Shouse.

Kentucky--------

Louisiana ------- I 1 J _____ _
Iamatl"II of poorhouse ■ aa1 1ot bold office.
Maine ___________ Paupers __ Paupers_ No certificate of iateatioa to urry .., be issued to a pa.aper.
Paupers _

Maryland-------Ha.s:u.cbusetts __ _ Paupers - •

Michigan:
State--------Local ---------

Voting residence neither rahed nor lost because of ttaidence ii ur
alashouse or other asylua at public expense.
Votinr residence neither rained 11or lost because of resideace h uf
allasbouae or otller as,11111 .

Mississippi ____ _

Hhsouri:
State--------5
Local -------·- 1 )

VotinR residence ■ either rained nor lost because of residence
ab:1sbouse or other asylum at publlc npense .

------

i ■ Uf

Montana--------Nebraska --------

Paupers _

Nevada---------Nev Hampshire ___ ( ') ------

Votinli? residence 11eitber rained nor lost because of residence h .u7
alnashouse or other u1lua at public expea ■ e.
While Federal funds are &Yailable, receipt of one,rploy1Wnt rl"lief
or other temporary aid does not affect chil or politic al statas
of recipient or ■embers of his fuiilr.

Nev Jersey ______ Paupers __

Nev He:iico:
State--------Local --------New ?ork _______ _

YotiaR' res ideece aeither 1aifled nor lost t,e,c.ane of rnidnce in uJ
alii,shouse or iastitutlo ■ supported i ■ wbole or la pan br public
funds.

Nort b Carolina __
Nortb. Dakota ___ _
Ohio ___________ _

See footaotes at end of table.

D git zed by

G oog re

BASIC TABLES• 69
Tao111 ,.-Provisions Affecting Status of Recipients of General Rel ief-Contlnued
ProTisioaS relatina:
to paupers 1
State

lxeaptioa

Dtsfru-

troa

cblseaent

■ ilit&ry

Miscellane-ous provisions

dutr

Oklah011a:

State--------S~ate-couatr _ (6 }

_____ _

Ore&oo:

State ________ _
Local •••••••••

Voting residence aei t her gained nor lost because of residence in any
almshouse or other e7lum at public expen!le.

Penasyl.-aaia ___ _

Paupers_ Votiae residence aeitb~r izained nor losi because of r~idence in any
alehouse or other asylu11 at public expeuse.

Rhode lslaad .... Paupers ..
Sooth Carolin&:
State ________ _

local--------- Paupers ••
Soatb Dakota---Tennessee ______ _

Paupers_

?Mas:
State ________ _

Local ••••••••• Paupers •.

Voting residence neither ll&iaed nor lost because of residence in a
public asyloa or eleemosynary institution.

Utab ••••••••••••

Yeraoat ________ _

Marriage license 111ay be issued to a pauper only upon vri tten consent
of selectea. The COffllllissioner of motor vehicles 11117, upon written
notice fror, any overseer of the poor, suspend for 1 year the 110tor
Tehicle operator 1 s license of any person who bas receiTed assistance
durina: the precedina 2 years.
Votinll residence neither aained nor last because of residence in any
charitable ia.stitlltion.
Votine residence neithl"r gained nor lost because of residence in any
almshouse or other a.sylom.

West Virginia___ Paapers 8

_

Wiscoash ______ _
Wyoaiaa ________ _

u.. ta:

Teapor&ry ____ _

Pionttra' Uo.e _

Dist rlct of Coluab ia.

Hawaii _________ _
11'be ten pa~ refers to recipients of "poor relief." Many States which h,ne &dopted recent b.ws proTidi1g for aeueral relief do not designate recipients as "paupers." Therefore, tbe provisions iudicated
be ineffectiYe tten thouah tbeJ haYe not been specifically repealed.
11naa.tes of charitable i■ stitutioa• ■ar not Tote.
3Person kept in aar poorboase or other asylum at public e1pense, e1.c~t the Soldiers' Home at St. Ja.aes
ud tbe Confederate 8011e at HieatasTille, ■aJ not Tote.
'Paupers receiTing relief within a period of go days prior to town meeting ■a7 not Tote.
alua.tes of poorboases or uylm (except federal aad Confederate soldiersl may not Tote.
1Persoa not deeaed a pauper beea1se of receipt of aeneral relief.

11&J

Diot1zed by

Google

Taot• 5.-Provlaiona for Types of Aid Granted and for Financing General Relief

~

•

TyPes of relief

....
....►

CJ)

hstit1t-

l ■cidnce

tl011al

care

State

I poor-1D!rect
bogse, relief
poor
fan,

RosplCoa- lledical It&lisa- lBarl&l
tract
care ·
tiOD
care

proTtsio ■ s

for
tr~• ot rel iet to

Speclflc

I

of
fhanclal

Mi see llueoas

Buis for distribatioa of

respoasibilitr

State

etc.)

l'T'I

State fud.s

IODrnide ■ t perso■ 5

-0

«=
CD
r

Local

(")

Al&bua .•••••••• 1 X•.•. •. II .... I ..•.•. IX .•.•• J 1 ..••• 1l

.••• I llort

~ be rTqolNd •••••••••• 1Tmporar7 relief ud borl•l.11 ····· · ·1
Slcll: &addi ■abled peno■■at
be pro,,lded !or ntll re110Hd .

Arl10U ••••.••.. 1I .•.... I I .... I I .... I I ..... 11

....• 11 •••• 1•••••••••••••••.••••••.•.•••.•• l iellef

or &id h

. .r,eac, 11

cua.

X.... ··1 l'opai&tioa ,

ut .. t or aeecl, ud fluacial coodilloa of coutJ.

·······1 x ······1

State Boan! ol Social Secar1t1 ud
Velfatt adai ■ t ■ ten Statefuda for
re lief ol depeadeat pen,011s.

State ________ _

Local •••••••••

1•

1' ---•------

1

----•·-----

( ) • •• ••••••••••••••••••••••

11 .••••••

Ir ..... 1...... 1x• ... I 1• •••. 1....... 11 .... 1lfort ~ be reqs1re1• ••••••••• 1,_ru,nllel,-le&l can,

Allocatl- (OYer ■ ed
State dep&rt-t.

br raln

of

1 ..... .

Callforala:

·········I··· ..... ,

X ····

,... ..,..u •·>

relief. No persoa ls es1······ 11 ····· II····· I······I Wort
titled to relief w,o uj ■1ti-

0

1S.

···-·····11 ..... .

Colorado •••••••• I •••••• I I ••••

0

0

a-n

paid dlrectl7

to iadhldula or

Uiro.. 111 aoclll 1oYenantal a,ncin

local

Couectlcat

l'T'I

r

l'T'I

-····IX ••••••

Delaware ··-··-··I 1• ...• -11 sol.

norld& •••••••••

l .....

11 ..... 11 ....1

lfort ~ be ~alnd

··········1 ......nc,

I ..... I····- I .... · · ·············-········-······

1..... .

rhe•.

( 1° J •• I I"·-· I I

.... I llort nat be uslraed to able-bodied persoas.

l .•.. j Wort •1 N Nqll....S .•..••.•••

u

Oe adlliatstrator - , Hlect.

relief •••••••••••••••••••••
care, -lc&l ud I ....... l ..•... , Allocated to co11tln o■ bal ■ ot
■eed or paid directly to reclplnt
ud
b7 State dep&rt■eat.

anl ■ tuce,

b1rlal.
I ·-··· 11 .•-•• I l •... I ,_,.,, oatdoor aid ~ be I Necnaar, aid...............

11 ••.... 11 111.1 ...••• 111•1 .. 11 1• ••• 11 11 1.

Oeorria •••.•.••• 11 .••.•. 11 ... _,._ ....

r....,,,..,
Hr,ic&l

1• L•••••

1 ..... .

Ia est reae eeeqncr, peno■■ 50 per-150 ,-1-- ON-ult of local espe1se for o■ t­
alda nllet. Cont le■ relab ■ rN
wlt~oat lq&l rnl.de1ce - , ceat. 11 ceat.11
State for care ii State wltare
be ad■ l\ted to State welfare

~--.

I ..... .

1 ..... .

CJ)

r

J>

·····11 .•..... l l'J .... I State relief &dllialatrator dlrecta
eq,eadit ■ re ot fuels. FHd• - , be

rlabl1 rerues n,pl.o,-eat.

<i5
;..

~

.,,

►
::0

-4

ud bulal.

;.;

l'T'I

r

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lrta■ !l&S:

State

:I!

-·

0

z

1 ----- -1X. · -- 11 __ _. IX __-· . IX -·-·- 1I .. ·-1 &11plo1m,at int

Idaho

be provldtd

for \ ltoporar,

8

X·- --- .-1

I - ···- _ Stat• dep<1rtae■ t f11n allocatlm•
10 c outlee dtc• -, HrJ wlH
abill lJ of COHlJ to Net obllf&•
t ioai U u e•r,e■ c, ariaee or U
iu1i 11• coaatJ le.,., is i ■ allfflcleat .

IX -------1

X ___ ___ N.,,J deterabel bf fornla prescribed

rtll•t -·. · - . ·---·\

able-bodlod p•rsoas.

lllho to
hdh••

-- ·-----1 X,.

- ·. -1X ••. -1

-- ------- 1l ---- ·- 1X -·-·

x• · -·I I

X ____

. .. ••

j Rec1p1r111ts 11ust besutablr e•plored.

1

.X •••• ! Able-bodied persona r equi red t o

X ·-···

Tet1ponr1 r e:liet . sv,-11cat aM
ftlf'dical ai.d, and bu rial.

•

l abor. 1t

l _____ . l l - .• • l l ..•. l l . __ . . ll •• _._l l - -. -l Abl• -bodled persons oa1 be re·
quir~ to work.

Iowa

by l Aw .

I tor

laaa&•- -·- -·-- -- ll - •• --•l l .---l l . . - . ll - - --•I X--·• • ll.- •. lP~ rsoa s ia coaa t y hooes aad
t hose recehiae: relief may be
requi red t o work.

l'"- -

Alasbouse CArt-. Work u, lid
able-bod.led mal es .

T•"'Porar1 relief .

Such rtllet as is deemed
esaarr.

xie ..•.. I l ---···' To co u■ tles oa buls of aeed.

br
uat in rel ■ bnraed
aec-1 X -------1 X ······1 CoStat
of tllleir wele for
3) perce■ t

111ifon1lr

fare service coats, co1tt ■ 1eu.
~owever, apoa ••ailabUi tr of State
fuDd s.

leatuekf

••••.• , X -·. -.I l ••.•• I l • •• • I Able-bodied IDOates aay be coerced to l abo r.

--·- · ·· -1 X ••••••

Loais i ..a ••.• - •• 1 l .•.•.. I X •. ..

1

Maue -·········· X •·· ···
Maryl.od .•.••. • . 1•• . . ..

l. ... -11. . ..

l

m, y bee• perkr son,
1······1 l · · · · 1l ·· ·· · 1·······1l ·· ··1Able-bcxHed
houses.
ploye!\ i n wo

x•• .-

X ••••••

120 1 . t••1 .. 1'0 )

-·

120 )

.

··-·· · ·I

l ..... . Percent of reiabuse11e-at to pa.rbllie.
Ci1td bJ State de-paru,eat based
upon &110aat of State ud local h1da
ava ilable. State -., pa, all e-1pcnse it pariak la a ■ able be-cane
ot l a.ct of faada or if fa1ds are
l•R• llt barred.

T•"Porary r,1 101 10 •••. ..• • • -1 I') ..... II . .
X -·· · ••• I X ••• •• • Bala.n ee reaaiaioc in State faod for

120 1 ... . ...... .

aid to aeed7, afterallcxatioas for
old aee assistance, dependeat childreo , aid to blbd, and &dllhiatrat ion , ta allocated 01 baata of e0
perc e ■ t to Baltiaore CitJ aad 40
perc eat to count les to be osed for
oef!'d y penoas or for onHaar1 co•era n-e ntal e1pen ■ e.

0

~
;;;
<D

a.

$

C;
0

arS'"

X&ssacbusetts

---1X ______ I I

l

----- 1X21

••

I Wort

ma.7 bl'! required

----···•--I

lerrpo r .,,ry rrlirr

1• l ·-·-·I X. ··- . •

Hicbi1a.n :

State _____ ___ _

l ....

Relid of des titution .ud unem-

l ·· · ··-·

ploJ!'l'leDl.

Local ...••.... I X • • •• -- I X ••• -1 .. ·- .. I X --- •. I I ••••. , ••••••
See foouotea at eDd of table.

--------- · · 1

Tell'l'porar7 rd1t'!f

·· ·······• l · ·-· · ·

I !H

u,- ■ Ol&

I. I

St ate Baeranc1 Welfare Relief ~
mis.s i 011 co ■ t rol ·• distrlbati01 ol
reli ef faDda.

a,

►
(/)
(")

-i

►
a,

r

m

(/)

•

-.J
I-"

.....,

Tobi• 5. -Provisions far Types of Ai d Granted and for Fi nancing General R1I let-Continued

N

•

Types of r elid

(/)

Inst i tuti ou.1
car.,
I poo rhouse.

St Ate

poor
farm.
etc . I

Direct
re lief

Micneso t a. ___ . • . _1 .X.

Hissu si pp i • .•• •

j I •.•• .• f

II Co o•
care

Spec i fi c p r onsl on~ to r
t yp('s o f r d iC'C t o

Hosp1-

tract Hedica.l Ital iz;a- l8ur1d
ca r e-

H1 sc e l l a.oeou:,.

122

non ~ su1e1n ;,ersoa!!

1X . • • •• I X •. •• . I I

• • .• J Einplo,men t p r ov i ded

oci r~o r

).1 1 1

l- -•---- 1X ____ , Wo rk
ot

•a1 bt: r e quirPd of 1n.c ates

;;;

~

·-••I

Nevad• · · ··- ·· ··-1 l - •..•. 1 X .•.•

l -,- - 1l --•-- 1--- --- -11-- --1 Hi nors

New HMps hir• - -· 1 X ..... • 1 I. . . _

---• -- 1-- ----- 1---- --- • X ---·

111&/ be a ppre nt icfl!'d 11t1lh
r espe-c t able hous eh olders. l o r ll:
may be requ ired o! ioMtes or
poo r r anns and wo r k.bou~s.

-'l

0

Abl•· t>o-lled Gl• p.. pers o,y b•
required lo wor t out rel1e! .

X .• _ -1 Abl e -bod ied perso n ,iay be n:gui red to la bor 1n ord e r t o
rec eh e rel 1ef .

._ • .

g
'9

n
At discrC"t t on o f Statr Exec ut ive

un i t s eekin g ud t o be Ukea into
conside rati on .
Re.lief , s upp¢ rt , eatp) Oy!IM!'nt , ···· -- · -·

I .

Tel'lponry r,.l lei .

xt• . -. -.
· ··• ···· ··-·-

Temporary c.1.re a.nd burial • ..

St .:1te ? .l)' S 1ad1 vldud .s.pp l 1c11nt s .

L .•

Tempo r.\ ry boa.rd , nursuag, med1ca.l ca r e , anl1 burial .

x_ __•

lo wo ll> ro

Fuaac uJ

l n i!.bl li ty o f COUDl J .

1-.....•. - i .X

ho u~s .

• • ••••

I---··-~-. I X·-·· · -

xu ... .. IX· · ·-· ·

Such suppo rt

■ !I

the loc,"1 • u-

t ~on t les d r r.rtt propr r.

Oa bads or aeed, to couat iea and
•unic1pal 1t1e-:s vhich app ly.so

State- pa11 hdi.Ytdaal a ppli.c,u t a .

. -11- .. ... .

l._. _

X - · · --·

-4

0

z

to vork a.s

Teinpon.r1 outtt oor rel 1d , or
ahts house c are . hO!. pi tal i z.is t1 on , a.ad burl.al.

(/)

l>

I xt 5 . . ... I ). .. ..

27
leut?o r a.r7 relie f and buria..l. ] ( J •••• 1 1 • ...••

Hay be required

_.I L ·-· 1Wo r k ..,bop rovi dod

rv

New Heuco :
e- ·------ · Sut
Loca l _____ • . . _

►

::0

m

r

l. .. .. .

U.t ion .

L.-.1 x•• -- 1X·----1

m

,,

r

r

r e i •burs euo t to r t ra nspo rNow J ors•,- ·· •- - 1 L • •• __ \

:IE

m

-- - - · - ! Tempo rary relief a.ad burial.

0

a-

r

&11.d buriAl .

COUDlJ bocrrf'S ,

l .•.. l Wo r k may b" re Qutred in r eturn

l • .. • \ X. .. • I X · ·- ·. I l • ---• 1l

x•• _... I X. •. -1X. •.. I L

X18 ___ __ l. • •• . • .

CD

I
Co uncil ; !1aa.nc1al and f"Co nom i<:
co1u:ht ion~ ,\Dd relid l oad of locd.l

fo r relief.

Neb r .. k•-·· ····· I

l oc al

G>

xu·· [······l ,.. /..
Sta••-········[········[
Local. .• ... . .. X. ... . - x._ .. L ... X. . . . I X.... •-1

j

!u" a.ad 1n wor lth ouse'5, &JI\pl ayable rec i ?ie nu of dir ec t
rehd must accep t s u1Ubl ,
e111ploy~ot 10 lieu t ~ere-o f.

22 • • X . • •••

-4

.,,m
C

Te11ponry care- .. . . •••• • ...•.

Missouri :

Mo,tao._ . .. . • • • .

Bas i s f or d1 s tr1but1 o n o f
St ,1! e fu od~

t ion

State
l. . •...1---- --

~

l nc 1de nl.f!' v r
t 10 3.0C ia l
r u pt:1ns1tal u y

N011York • • ••••.•

11 ...... 1x. ... 1...... 11 ..... \l ..... \l .... \ lnmatesofiastltut,oa•

•ust ue Care in own home whe11 practi- l . •••. .. I l . ...•• I State rei•burses clt1 or count, 40
cable, or i o publiclt mdapercent of uouat e1peaded tor beat

suitably employed If phys ically

able.

Hort b Carolina •• I X •• •. • • I

North Dakota .••• ll

(.. J . I •.. ••. I X ••••• I X •• • •• I I

••••

... .. . l I ... . 1...... 1X•. .. • J . . . . . . . jX .• • . J

Si ck and di••bled maintained
if unable to be reJ110ved to
COUDlY ot ,ett lement ; burial.
Te-mporar1 ca re f or inditeat

Applicant must work if 1iven

sict ; bari.11.

opportunity and 11ay be c0111pdled t o labor upon poor rar■ s

or in as1lwn.

( Sn

-----1 l ------1 X ____ 11 ·---1l ____ -11____-1 l --- -1 Recipients
a ay
perform la.bor

u11 11 aa11: II. J

1········· 11 ..... .
X •• • . •• • I X • . •• . • 1 To counties o• basis of neber of

relief cues ud &Yailabilit7 to

Able-bodi~

aeet costs.

per sons 111 us t be et1tp toyed.

Applicant r~
■ay

fusin g to work

be prose-

cuted &s a va1rant.

Ohio ___ __ __

relief &Dd its adahi■ tratio ■, aad
100 percent of coet of care for
State poor. Additional State rraata
aa7 be aade in e1ceptioaal cues
or wltea the di ■ 1.rict la au.ble to
proYide adequate care. 81

tai.at'd C&IIIJ> , s helt e r, or in•
st itution , and burial. Noa resideat 1114)' ~ employed .

be required to
t o value o! r e-

I

Te1:11pO ra.ry reli e f pending re111o val.

Il

X

Saas allocated to eacb co1nt7 in the
ratio which tlte aYeraee of the real,
public utllltJ, and tanrlble personal propert7 ta1 duplicate of the
coaaty daring the preYioas 5 7ears
bears to the averaee of all such
duplicat9 of all the counties dariae the sue period. As a coadi tioa
precedent to receiYbe State a:ru.ts,
each coaat7 or. ·s•bdivisio ■ ■ ust
aeree to ■atcb ,-ra ■ ts in aa uoant
equal to 50 percent of the total
allocatioas. 88

lief affo rded, oa public park,
road,'hi e: bway, o r o th e r public
contract. Reasonable and ll!Od-

era t e labo r req uir~ 11:1 co unty
idirmary s uited to 11.ge and
bod il y s tren g th .

Okla homa:
St at t' ____ __ __ _

Tmpora r y employmen t r elief t o

l ....

X ... . .. .

State pays indhidual applicants.

able - bod 1e-d des ti tute pe rso.n s .
State-coun ty -! I

----- -1l ----I I --- -1X--- --] x~• -- -1X ----I

1n•.ues; o f asylul"I ,ia y be
quired t o wo rk.

re-1 May11a.o.oer
be p r o vided fo r in
.1s re5ident5,

51\Il'e

X --·- -- - 1l -

----1

0
CD
~

N

en

0.
0

'<

C")

Or;:::~ ------- --l-- --- ---1 X
•···· ····1 x"' ····1······1 x__ ··I X.. •.. Ix" ...
--- - i------

-

00
r"'i)

----1Aid

X

Not less 1 1~& ) __ _/ State pa,s indiYidual applicants.ae

o f a ny ch arac t er • ay be
g iven t o e xt e nt o f need and
availab ility o f fund s .

---- 1As sist ,l. nce

rne a.ns 11\()Dey , i{ oOO s ,

shelter, serv i ces , o r bur i al. ~9

See footnot~s at end of table.

CD

ln
(")

l

Loe •!

Pennsylvanu ____ ___ _____ l __ _ _

0

0

1 - --- - - -

Aaoant·safticieat tosuppl.eae■ tcount7
funds. Discretion of State DepartaeDt of Public Welfare.

thao

~

percent.

T~po rary rel le!

( ••1 · · · · I X... . . .

Tempo r ary rdief until rellQved
t o phce o f 11!!11:al se ttleme nt .

X • • . • •••

Knent of need in the coantJ.

-4
l>
CD

r
m
en

•

l(;:J

-.J

Table 5.-Provisiona for Types of Aid Granted and for Financing General Rel1et-COntinued
TfP"'"
Inst 1 t u< ion&L
C!\ff'

St alt>

I

I po0r-

Di rect
boas~ , 1rel it!: f

poor

r~rt'l,
,tc.1

Rhode Islacd. __ _ X • - -- - •

I

oi

•

re l 1ef

en

Con-1 ;~dic.\l ItaHosp1l it:11.-!Burial

t r,1 c t

C.i\ f ~

c are

Incidence ot
!L oa11c1"1
resj)O:uib 111 ty

Spe,c1r1c pro •u10n"l r o r
t y"es ot re l i~t t o
::io oresideot per-socs

)H 5cel lt1.i.e ou <;

.. !'fork rei.1ef~')

Penou 111,47 tie sen t to Sta t e

x~• --- --1 l

X _._.I P~rso115 1D poo r house, o r on poor
!ar-.s 11ay be employffl.

1

i1·:.-::: 1·:::::: ll· ····ll····1L•bor
or oth<rser>ic•• ma1be
requtrNi o! able - bod1es".1 pe r SOQS .

0

I '- -----1
l . .... .

X ------

-1I

whicb i s a...lloca t Pd &?I ! ollovs: 50
perceat u traas f er r ed to t he zenera.l f und subJect t o a pprop riatioa
fo r poor r e lief and we lf are; t.h e

r ema111ina 50 pe r ceat u pr opor t i oned
to tbe counties on tbe basis ot
popul at ioa ro·r poo r rel 1e! .

m

1 ........ . .. . . ..

IL ..... 1x .. .. 11 .... 1x ..... 1x ..... 1x ... . lSurplcs coal

C")
0

-

State •i••·

--------1------ -- -1

J: _____ _

d.1:,t n but ed a onuall_y fro,,, Dece111ber to March

t o need y

1u1.-

erop l oyed pe r scns. This ,er•ice

0

00

f r o,,

will e0d April l, 1939 .
Te.1 as:

Stne ___ _____ _

r"'i)

Local ......... 11 ... .. .
Uu h

x. ..... 1 x. ...

I

X • • ••• X • • ••

x. .... 1x .... • 1x. .. .

I" J . .. • , •• · • ....

1-'~e r al surplus comnoditlr-s aad
o t her Fede-rd r Nou r ces ma.1 b~
<1istrlbuted .

ISupport

X • ••• . •
Tenrpo r ar1 reli e f and bur i ,11

-1X . ___ ... l X ___ ._.I

r

m
G'l

en
r

___ _ __ I Funds !ro111 nonu t odca tlaa: h r;ioor
tu. plac ed 111 .. poo r relie f f und , •

N

0

Tl
l>

m
St a. le may 11 a t c'r1 couo t 1 ! 1Jod5 u1 a n
uiou1u :iot t o e1ceed $13) pe-r case
per yea.r.

or burial.

Ma y be pl aced tecrrpo r &r i.11 I. a
poo r hoo.s e; wb.e-re- th.e r e 1.s no
poorhou~, ma.1 be guen tb. e
SAl!lf' c a re as pe- r !lons ,:,ossessio2 se ttlement and mar be
e i Teo ared i cal ca r e aad buri-

~

m

r

;o

Temponry rd1d pendug r e-lllOY&l

... . . • l State µ.\JS S2. 50 rr0111 Sta t e U0.!!11pl.ofMtlt rel1d Cund t or eve r r S3

al.

CD
~

0.

-0
C

r

ma.de a v11.1lable by to..-n .

X •. •.• •.

1 -- - - - -- , - - --- - - 1 - -- - - - 1 - - • - - - -- - - - ----

Loe&! ••••.••••

"<

-I

m

(")

l

'.( ~Q

l - -- . 1----- ·

::::::: 1,

St.\ :. e f uod,

CD

Lnst1tut1 oas c11r1ni ! or 111 ditent s . To11t ns ma.1 f urnish.
t e ■porary r ~lle! and bu r ial.

South Dalr:ot a. •• __

&sts for dl.st ri buuoo o r

Lou.I

Sta te

I .(!, - -

• -- -- - · - 1

-I

l>

t1011

L

South Carolin.a.:
State ___ _____ _

.I>,,

Sta t ~ p11, ~ perce nt of d ir ec t rel if!f P" J'llll' fl 1. tl.

l>

-I

0

z

leTMat

---------1 X ------J X ----1------1-------1-------1 X ----1-------------------------------1 TowDB

or 1orea •""t rellOY• 1 (")
aod npport p•rsou fou1d

----1 X _____ _

therein. 41

Yir,hia

--------! I ------1 l ----1---··-1 l

-----/-------1 l ·---j lfplace
able, persoa ■uat work at ITeapor&rJ care, Mdic&l &id, Ixu -----1 X _____ _
of ieneral reception tor
I.Id burial.
the poor.

Wubiaetoa

------1--------1 l ----1------1 l -----1-------1------l Work
relief. bai■tuce ■aJ be
RiYH in cub or ia aay otber

I

&id,

11-------11------1

TeaporarJ relief u extrencies

I -------1 ------1

■edic&l

Board, ours log,
or burial e.1peaH's,

form of a&terials or se"ices.
West Vir1hia --- I l

------1 I ____ 1------1 I ____ -1 I _____ IX ___ _

of tlle cue reqaire.

Wi:scoaah _______ j X ------1 X ____ J ______ j l _____ J X _____ J l ____ J htereat o■ ■ortrare on bo■estead •Y' be paid to preveat
pa,-ent of lareer ·sa■ as shelter allowance should boaes tead
be loat bJ deranlt.

W1o■ lnr

---------1 l ------1 I ----1------1 I -----1------ -1 l ----1 Relief ■aJ be 1hen in aaJ other

X

l

I ------;-IX------[

Boa.rd, aaiateaa■ce, aedical I
and aani ■ a: aid, and burial.

Teaporar1 relief ------------(

aanaer deetled ach·isable b7 tbe
countJ depart ■ eat of public

CitJ or coHtJ ■ at pro,ide fuda
e41al to 60 percent of UIO ■at to
be recelYed fr011 State. Not aore
tltu 10 perceat of State fuda MT
be aed for adainiatratio1.
QaanerlJ bad1eu
c0111lsslo ■ ers.

Relathe ■-r of bO!fll eli1ible

cues, rel&tiTe cos ta, ud ■ ucll tac.tors as aay be appropriate to u-

·s■ re

reasoaable dtstribatioa.

State eaerenc.1 board aakea allotae ■ ts to State hdutrial Coa■ te­
sio■ or otller qencJ desie•ated bJ
GoYenor in · ■ acb &110ants aa eaereeac1 board deeas aecess&l"J'; i ■chdiae not less th&a 5 perceat for
all cooties or other local nit ■•

1' -----11------1 Toare
11

Hb■itted b1coaat1

tbe uteat tllat
i ■■ a.tticiest.

coa.■ tJ n:Ye■aes

welfare.
Alaska:
Te■porar, ____ _
I---Pioneers I Boee l ------

District of

Co-11 ------11 ___ _

B~~:t~--------- ________ I___ _

l ____ _

l

l ___ _

-----I I -----1 I----

Nm

C.

.'i?"

C')
0
0

00

rv

TerritorJ pa,s ladhidn&l applicaat ■•
Cost of ai ■ tenuce of boae.

x -------

District pa,s indhidn&l applicaatl'.

1 -------

Funds allocated to the respectil'e
counties for cost of relief aad ad■ iaistr&tio1.

g

u;;,

Transportation to leaal residence.

X ------1 -------

CD
l>

en

("')

l indicates that the proYision applies without

li ■ itation

ia a &iYe1 State.

relief" is defined u ■aterial aid or se"ice, otbertbu 110ae1 pa,-.ents, elven
to persons under the Federal Social SecuritJ Act.
1 tto~pitalization rranted to persons not suHeriaii fro■ conta,ioos, n·aereal, mental, or
tllberculous disease and with income less than 130 per month. Total care 111.1 not exceed
21 days per year.
3Reciprocal aa:reeaeats witb other States re1ardiD1 relief to transients and noaresideats
are authorized.
111 General

4Coaaties not liable for support of pauper wbo ne1lects or refuses to accept aid la tlle
aanner provided.
&Contract care is peraissible in the absence of a poorhouse.
1 lf pauper protests &iainst workiDir, he cannot be eaployed without doctor' ■ ceniflcate
sta.tinr that required labor is not injurious to health.
"State relief &dlliaistrator aay req■ ire c01111unities wbicb haft recehed ••eaplo,-e■ t
relief loans to coatribute aa equl or stipulated •out.
1State rei■burses towa for expenses of State paapera.
8
fosa.ne,. cri■ inal, or vicious persons are not ad■ itted !1o tbe State welfare llc:ae.

-I

l>
CD

rrr,

en

•

......,
01

Table 5.-footnotes Continued

g

""N
"'

C.

~

C;
0
0

-

}a

( i)

100utside relief given oalJ to persons who cannot be remoY~ to State welfare boae.
11 In Susse.1 and Kent Counties.
1•eospita.liu.tion provided by county funds onl7.
13 Provided ia. counties of aore than 155,000 population. A county with a population of
~.000 to 55,()(X) ud with an assessed valuation of more than 132,500,0CX) 11a1 issue bond!i
to build a poor farm, aay aainta.ia a county hospital, care for indigent sick, and bury
paupers. A countJ with a population of 9,700 to 10,5()) may create a "physicians' fund"
for indigent sick ud a county cbaritJ fund to grant cash allowances op to an aggregate
of 15,000 annually.
u.No fttble-11inded girl or w01Ma be-t11ttn ates of 14 an'1 45, and DO ■ale child under 17
or fewale under 18 may be COlll!litted to any poorhouse or poor farm.
16 No relief IIMIJ be furnished to any nployable penoo vile refues to accept e,aplo,-eat
froa ao1 highway or street officer.
18 .tssistaoce eiTen vbeo applicant is a■ able to prOYide bouaebold ·supplies a■d aec~i ties
of life.
17CouotiN adTance funds to townships for relief purposN.
townships ■ast reimburse
coaaties for all such swns adTanced.
19 &tate fonds used for direct relief 01111.
19 Conseat of town of residence ■ ust be obtaiaed in order to obtaia rei ■barseeent fr011 such
towa for te11J)ora.r7 relief aranted resident of svcb towa. State assuaes Jiaancia.l respon·sibilitr for persons for vbom no town is liable.
10 Al.mshouse care- is proTided b7 all counties and Baltiaore Cit7. 15 counties prOTide
out-pensions. Medical aid and hospit&liution are proTide-d bf ~ counties aod Balti110re
CitJ. Burial is proYided tor by Anne Arundel and Monti"011er7 Couties and Ba1ti110re Citf.
Sta.te foods are allocated to all the couuies a.ad to Balti110re Cit, tor relief of the
uaeaploted, oae111plo1able, and forotber govern■ental purpoa~. In the aajoritr of counties
tbe al111sbouse 11&7 be let out for operation.
lleurial e1.peases ■ust not e1ceed MO U deceased is o.-er 12 rears of qe and Sa:> if
deceased i ■ under socll qe.
1 8TN1)0rar, direct relief pending reM>Yal to coaaty bo■e.
•&pauper children 111,7 be apprenticed by q:reeaeats aade bf the coantf boards of superTisors.
14&1.pnditure of State funds restricted to JI01leJ pa,-ents to iDdiYidaals, ·sufficient
food, clotlli■ e, ·sllelter, aedici■e, aad otber aeceuarJ supplies or senices co111>atible
vitll dece■cy aad health.
•state does not contribute to care la poor faf'IIS or vorkbouses.
"Children Hder 16 and preenant womea •1 not be &d■ itted to poorhouse.
17 Not ■ore tba.n 8 percent of b&l.ance of State assistance fund, after deductions tor administration aad child welfare se-rvices, ny be used for aarplos cCXIIIOdities distribution aad
certification tor Pederal assistance &ad serYice projects. lay portion of tbe 8 percent

aot YSed for such pal"l)ose within an1 6-- ■oath period reverts to fund to be distrib•ted to
counties ia ratio the county population bears to total population of the State.
28 Authori ties Mt coatract vi th relatives not leaall7 liable for support or contract for
care in welfare hou!e of another county.
29 State funds expended for public assistance which is defined to aean •assistance rendere-d
to needy persons not othen,ise provided for under the lavs of this State where such persons
are williaa to work but are unable to secure eaploy111ent due either to physical disabilit1
or ia&bill ty to find e11plo,-ent, and inc lodes vbat is colQIOnl7 called 'e■ereenc7 relief. 1 •
30 No allotments made to 11uniciµlities which do not le-.-1 • tax of at least 3 ■ ills for
aeneral relief.
81 State assumes total support of nonresidents and Indian poor I State poor I.
82 Poor persons ■ust be aaiataiaed in such place or place-s u the board of county c011■ is­
sioners select.
~3the sum of Sl. 500,0CK) was appropriated on Jane 10, 1938, to be dhtribated to the se-.-eral
snbdi•isioas in accordance vi th their relief load, b&Sed upon comparative aeed as nidenced
by the records for the first 5 110ntbs of 1938 on file in tbe State auditor's office.
s 4 Applicable in a count, with a population of 115,000 or ■ore.
a&Count1 expeaditures forcar"of indireat persoas iapoor far-as and county hospitals and
for relief ot indigent veterus and their dependents shall be takea i ■ to account and oftset aeainst the county's coatribatio■ for relief parposes ia alloca.tinK" State funds for
direct relief.
8eCoaaty rei ■barses State for not aore tllan 50 percent of e-i:peaditares.
87 Pro•isioas appl7 to tbose counties wUch haTe established workhouses, poor faf'IIS, or
hospitals.
:seTbe State Board of Public Assistance bJ its roles a.ad reaulat ioas establishes the nature
and e"Jteat of assistance.
89 State financed and supe"ised bcwe relief &'lld work relief proeraas ead Jane 30. 1939.
40 Applies only in coaaties without poorhoases.
0 No tands have been ade &Yailable u of Juuar, 1, 1939.
person has aot resided ia State l year support ha bi■self and tuily, traasportatioa
to place fr011 which lie cue into tbe State IIAJ be pro•ided. It soch person agaia applies
for support I be Mf be fined or i■prisoaed. Transients, suddenlt taken sick or lue or
otherwise disabled and confiaed to a house or coaitted to a jail aay be jfiTen ·support
iaclodinr bospitaliu.tio■ ud, ii tbe cue of death, buria.l.
48State reiabarses tOWDs tor sappon of poor persons aot a charae upon the towa who are
c01111itted to jail while residiaK" ii the town or injured while traTeli.ae on State hiebwa75.
"State funds expended only fordestitate- per-sons who are not inaates of couot7, ■uaici­
pal, State, or national iastitatioas.
••state grants aa, not be used for bospitalizat ion, ■edical and dntal ■en ices, draa!I, or
burial ■• State dep&rt ■eat is authorized to aalr:e i"r&at ■-ia-aid for eeneral health purposes,

••1t

-.J

a,

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Old Age Assistance
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Taole 6, -Provisions for the Ad~inistrat i on of Old Age Assistance
i\d11uolstrat!Ye r6ponsibtlity

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~t h.rt .

Sut,. Depart~nt of

2
he wl.fa.re.

or

S tat e ~part-.e:it
Social Stcu nt7&M

An1 ou --- - -- M-- St a te l.>epartnen t ot Soci.tl
Secu ri t y &nd 'lf e lt,u-·e .u s1s t ~ t>y countv boa. rd nf
soc.1alsecu nt7 a.nd publtc

A~.sl o f

State
t)Oo\rd or

,sp_p l t c ,nt
t o Sar~

df"pa.rt-

dtp.trtl"rat:

We-lfa."'° .

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pLunt ':11

d ,.p..irtr,,rnt

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o n ()WC
NOtion 1

01 he r t,11.a.
-'Pi'l 1ca.nt

f<t'Yl"""' b J

I --- -- -- --·

Annr;.lll !r _.

Gou :. a bCl'ln1 of pub-

Pub llc w~ 11,u,. .

1;ut!s t o r

I

_ l.
Alab&lll.l. - ----~ , ~-- , Coun t y d~p&rt~nt o r public:

•

A.pp,-3 l ,ind r'"TI~

?econs 1cJerat i o n

Or1Q"i11al dt- T.en111ii.l · 1011

State

~

~ten!lll!.&llOQ of -11,1t)il1t1'

X -- -- --- 1;i t\t.- b ~,N -1 St'1.tf! board

CournJ board o f
so:1-al :.ec ur1ty
"M piJhl1c wl" t-

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Furth .. r ir.-

.,e~! ii.tt I C C

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b~ S ts l ~

J.,.pa ft m,-ri•

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On app-al.
Sate boa rd.

Calitoraia

--- 1 H•• t Count y board of sap,enuors 6

or

Stat~ D~pa rt~lt of

Colorado ___ __ , H--1 Cou Dt y or district dtpart-1 Sta t t! ~pa.rt•nt ot
Public We-lfare .
~ Dt of pllblic v t!lr&n:..

0

Conntctic ut

--1

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,,:.
a.

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Annu,..tlr --

G)

S tat• board .I 1- - -------- 1- - -- - - - --- - 1 I.

I

Cbi ef ~1e-cot he 1 ________ __

J________J

z

l ' I _______ _

aatbori t 1 of

or tovn .
D• lavare
Flor id&

-----1

------1

Ai?• Wol far• Coro-

Stat• Old A1• W• lfa r e C0111111las ton .

H --1 S tat• W• U are Boa r d t hro•1 h
d is t r ict board or ~oci a l

District board ot so-

H --1 Stat• Ol d
Ri ssioa.

Anao&ll.1 --1 X --- -- - S tat 1' bo.,,r'd-1

St•t~ bol\rd.

c ia l welfa rf'.

wt!-lt&tt.

dis t rict d~part-1 State DPpartrrDt or I Coun t , or distr ic t
Georrt•--- ---1 H•• ICouat, otor public
depar t..,at of pubPublic Welf a re.
we U a rl' .

r•------1 X---------- 1 X--- ------- 1 Tu pa1or--l X.

IW nt

ld a tlo --------1 11 --1 Coua ty welf are co.laalon

I S ta t e

Depa rt telt ot
~ blir. b111ata1ct-.

I

lic ~ !fare .
Co11t1 we lt a re c011•ll Hio•.

l>

0

X..- ---- - 1X -------- -- 1' -··--·---·

tow n .

A. ssi st &ace ass; s t ed by

~

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Count, or d1stric t
departme11t of pubBure au o f Old Aw:eA.ssut&zice .

H •• 1 Co11 ■ 1 s ■ i oner ot Welfare
t bro u2b Bu re1.o o t Old Aie

...,
m

X -- - -- --1X' --- -- ----

c.Uet e xecuti•e autoorit1

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dl.5- 1

__ ___

County board of ~op,erv 1.s on. 5

lic v e-ltan-.

~

tnc t board of

public vel fare.
Soc 1al ""lfa~ .

~

Coun t y or

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St;,.t .. ~p.,.r tb'!Dt
Public Welt&rll!.

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welfa re.

Arka nsa.s _ •••• I H. •• I S tat e ~partment o f Public
WrlC•~.

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·---- -- --- -, 1--•·-··1 X----- -----11--- -- --- --1----·····•-I I.

Illinois ••••• 1 M.• CouatJ depart~nt of pub! ic Stat~ Otp&rtaeat ot
Coant1 depam1m of
wl!art, CoantJ bureau of
Public Welfare.
public welfare.
publlc we If are. 9
Coun11 bureau of
ladian& •••••• \

I

or di•trict depart•/ State Dopanme11
lll!Dt of public wellare.
Public Welfare.

of/ Coun11

of

···········•I State B0&rd of So·

cial Weltare.

board of social wellare.

-------1 H--1

Countr board of social
fare.

wl-1
pab-1

I

Husachusetts.l M•• I Local board al public
fare.

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Board al State Aid
&ad Charities.

State Dopart!IIOnt al
Public Welfare.

Hlchiran ···-· I H.. State Old Age Assistance
Bureau assisted b1 the
county old aa-e usi.stance
board and tbe count7 welfare agent.

I

ance.16

Parish depart~nt of
public welfare.

••••••• \ (IZJ •.••••• 1........... 1 l.

acxialwelfare.

1 ...•..... I 1u1

, .. J ..•••••

State Oepartll!-Dt of
Welfare, dhision
of public assist-

department of
State Department of
lie welfare.
Public Welfare.
M&ioe ________ ! H •• I Old &li?e assistance COlll'lliss ion in State Depart.ent
of ~alth and Wel!are.
Harrland ••••• l K .. CountJ welfare board. BAI·
tinore Depart.ent of Welfare.

1County board of j BlennlallJ~ ••••••••• 11 11 )

I

fare. 115

IM .. IParish

.. .............. ,···········, x....... I x.......... 1 x. ......... I •••••••.••. 1 x.

State Board of So- CountJ board of social Welfare.
cial weilfare.

lntncty ••••• lH .. IState Departae•t of Wei•

Louis ian,a ____
cs.. c,peoo.i.1 L)

or district
dopart,..nt or pub•
lie weltan.

Social ~•I·
tare assisted by the county

H .. / State Board

Kaua.s

·········••II····-•• I X10 •••••••• 11 ••...•• -.. I.••.•••..•• I I.

public welfare. 8

I! •. Coootr

Iowa·········/

--···•• ............ .

I") ....... I X•••••••••• 1... - ....... 1 l.

1----------------L----------11 _______

1 I __________ I 1 __________ 1-----------1 I.

Old a,e as·
sistance
c0111111ission.

Old &ie assistance
c0111111issioD in State
lepartaent of Health
aDd Welfare.

I

CountJ,..ltareboard.1. ••••••••••••••• 1.•••••••••• I 1 ••••••• 1 X•• ·-······' X. •.....•.. 1.••••..•... 1 I.
Balti11ore Depa.rtaent of Welfare.
Local board al pub•

I") ....... I I" ....... .

Appeal board.

x. ...... I 110 J •..•... I 1 11 . . . . • • . .

Director of
State Welfare Depo.rtaent.

lie welfare.
State Old Age Ass Int· I Count 1 old are
a.ace Bureau.
assistance
board and

the

county welfare
a.,e-nt.

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120 )

Mlnll6ota •••• l H •• County welfare board------ State Board of Co•• \ County welfar,, board.
trol.

•••••••

I Stau,board.j

Tax pa1er.l State board.

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a.rent and county
board of pub lie wdtare.

Hi.ssi.ssippi--lH--ICountJ

Mlnaour! ••••• I M•. I State Social Security Comaiss ion.

St&te De-pa.rtlll!nt of
Public Welfare.

l••·····I X·········· 1l••···-····1 ···········1 I,

County agent and
county board of
public welfare.

foot ■ ot6

at end of table.

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security co.■ i.ssion.

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X-------1 (

21
)

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State
iatrator.

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R~ oos1de r.at l oo
~
,

S11 pe rv l!!ior ,

Di r l!' ct

Adv1sor J

F1n.&l

Per1001 c

I

Q

State

...,

boan.1 or

de part-

------1 --1Cwou1nr
e lt a r~ .
M

depart!TIP.nt of poblt c

1~ ebra.s ka ----- M -- Sta t e Boa r d

or

I

Sta t ~ I)l"partl¥.'n t o f

Public •- ttare .

Ap pea l and rn- 1e v

Cou ntJ as 9 1.5 ta~ c 0 1'lt'ltt~e.

Ann oallr . . I I

-4

>

---,------~
A.
al of
AP~ i c ut
pp S
t o ta.t e
depa r tll'liea t 1

Renew by

Upoo cont-

St ate
departrr1eot
oc own
aot i o nt

plaut by
pe r 5o n
o ther t haa

---- ---1 \ u

appli c ant

-4

Fu rther lDVf'!S t ii&t t on
by Sutie
de partme nt 1

S tate boe.rd .

Quartnl r-- 1I -- - --- - 1 X -------- -·

Count y departrnent o!
pub lic ""Hare.

St ate Board of Co ntrol. dirN: t or of

Co ntr o l ___ _

--

... -

ues t o!

ol

I••

Mon t ana

0

Det~rm1aatt o.o or eli r 1bH 1tv

Adr,u n h l ra t1 ve re, s pon si t'l i l tt J

tl.I r e

Stat e

co

Provi sions for the Administration or Old Age Assistance-Continued

M

--1 Board O! COlll'.lty COf'lffl is S l Olle rs .

Ne W" Hai,i.pshi r e . [ M

--1Sta t e

1 Sta ~ W~Uu.-.D,:p.art 1
111e nt.

~w J,rs,y

rSM

-·-1

awe M U II. '

M __

ai s sioniers .

-- ---- 1Su te

O~ p&rtll'lient of

Tax pa rer- - ! Di r e.ctor o f
ass LS t&oce.

I H_. I State

~.., Yor k _____

! M__

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0

0
0
00

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j Loca.l public velfare off
c ial. U

Norr h Carolina...! H • - I Count)' board of c ha. ru i~s
and public weltare . z " City
publi c wellare otH cer .

No r th Dakota - I H - - I St&!< Public W•ll • r • Board
a.sat.s t ied by co unty we-lfare

I

····-··1Ol•i.>ioa or
s ist&ace .

St& T. f' De partment o!
Soci a l Welfare .
Stat~ Board of Cha ri t ies and Public Wel !are .

X.

Di•1sion or
old are a.s s is t &DCe,

DiYisioa o f
o lrl &ge ass ista.rtce.

or Public
Welfare. d h iaioa of aid
t o r t he a1ed .

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I State Depa.rt men t of
I Pu b li c Welf a re.n

I

I

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Loc~l o!! ice of
St at e Depart .ea t of Publ ic
Welfare .

S,ateboard .

I StAteb()&rd_

Sta t e board .

X--- ---- 11-- ---- --- - 1I----- ----- I Aa1 perso•-1 I .

Local public. welta~
o!! ici.al. 21

Coont7 board of cha r tties and public welf are. r, City public
welt a re oft lee r .

Sta te Publi c Welfa re
Board.

x _____ __j

Coun t J welfare

,.. , ·--- 11••1 -------

, .. 1.

X- ----- -1

State board .

Sta te board- I State board -

bO&rd.

board.

Ohio ______ ___ j H __ j Stat, D,part.,.a t

r
Tl
>
::0
G'l

I

Agenc ies, d1·n~ ion
o f old ae- e as!ust -

i- 1

(')

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old a,e as -

~partmP.nt o! Public ,- -- · - - ·· ·- -~ ·--- - -Welfare,

CD

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r

ln 5 t i t u t· ions aod

lC

8.

X ____ __ -1X ------- -- -

(u l

Cou11t 1 viel!&re hoard

aiice.

New ~ t ic o ___

S ta t e Welt a re
Deparnnt.

S t a.tie C◊-11issi o ~ r
of Public We-lfare.

DepA rt irrnt o f Pub l ic

\lfe lf a r e-.
Cou?i ty welfare boa. rd

Boa.rd o! coun t 7 c o11t-

"ti
C

~
rT1

l ____ ___

ass 1.s ta De e,
~Vad.& ••• . • • • ,

rT1

State Departaeat at
Publlc Welfare, di•i..si.011 of ai.d for
t he

•r•d.

ICoun
t y subdivi1loa of Stat,
dep&rt •ent . 11

I

------ -1I1l•lolo1

of
aid f or I he
a,ed.

I Dlvlslon of
&id for I be
a,ed,

DiTi aioa of
aid for tb@
a,ed.

.. OU&•- ----I

if

N --

State PlabUc W.Uare ~,--------------------,State Publl c Welf•tt
■iMlO■ ... tsted bJCO. ■tJ
Co•h s i oa.
uaiata1ee board,

u-1--------------------1

Orero• ---·-·· M -- State Relief Coalttee
slated bJ countJ relief

State Relie t Co•it tee.

I

X-- - -- - -l

County &!Bista•ce
bea rd .

St ateo::aaifti-1- -----------1
s1011,

Cttilen ___ iSl~te coala510D.

X .• • • •• . J Sta"' Roller I State Reli.C 1 ······· · ···~S t &te Relief
COIIU!lit t ~.
Corr1111 i tt ee .
l C0111111i ttee.

I os-ittee .

cOIIIU ttee.

l'eaDOJlnala- H-- CoaatJ board of u■ istaece State DepartMll of
PabUc Aaaiataace.

-I lbOlle lslalld-

Couty boa rd ol as s !stance.

H-- State Deparuoeat of l'llblic ·------·--------·--- State D• partPIOat o l
Welfare.
l'llblic W•llaro.

Soath ca roUaa .I H--1 State Departaent of l'llblic
Welfare tbrourb coaatJ dep&r1aelt of pabllc vellare "'
Soat b Dakota. I M--1 State Departaeat of Soc lal
Secarlt7.

Couat7 depa rt 111e nt

I 1••1

or

public welta~. 31

County or d i s tric t
offic e or the S ta te

X ·· -··· -1 X · ········ - ·

x.

i -· · ··- - I x-····· · -··1 x· --···· ...

x.

x.... -..

x.

Depart men t of Social Sec uritJ .

Teaaesaee ----1 H--1 State Depanaeat of lDOtltatlom &lid l'llbllc Welfare.

Re1iona.l di rect or or
State Depl rt meDt or
Ia ■ t hution!fi a.a d
Pablic We Hatt joi at17 wi th county Judi•
orcla irmaaor countr co ur t.~,

Texu --··-"·· I M.. I State Old Ar• Aas Iota ace
Coaission tbroaeh local
aeency deol11uted bf It.

Lcxal &geoc y d~ ig aated by Sta t e Ol d
Aee Ass l5 taac~ Comaiasi oa.

Utab--·----•-1 H.-1 CoaatJ or district depart-, State Depart ..at of
aeat of pablic welfare.
Pllblic Welfare.

Count)' or dis t rict

St.ue

CCC!lffli!.-

s ion.

- · · - ·•· · -·· , X • ···-·-

1 X •• • - • • ·•-• I

Sta.~ ccrrmi,sioa.

X. - -----·-·

x.

dep&r.t ll'IPnt or pu b-

CD

lic welra.re.

Venooat ··-··-1 H--1 State Old A11e Asalstaac•
Comlsoloa assisted bf locall1 desiraated official.

9

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Viralala-·--· /

;;.
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C;
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0

-

00
( i)

WuH ■11to•---/

H--/

CoaatJ or citJ board of pab-1 State Board of l'llblic welfare.
lie Welfare.

"--1 State

llepart ..at of Social
Securit1· assisted bJ board
of countJ ccaaiasioaera.

See tootaotes at nd of table.

State Old Aee Ass1s t -1 Loc a lly de-si'!nated ofric ia.l.

allCe Comm i~s ion.

X- - --·---l Sta tecarrrus-1 StltecCITif\~sian.
s ioc.

Sta te coa1issioa.

X-- · --- - 1 Statel:>oard - 1 St& teboard -

State board.

X--- - -· -

X.

l;i
n
-I

Couat)' orci t J board
of pu blic welfa re.

State Depart me nt or
Socia l Secori ty.

I
Boa rd of county
comm iss ioaers.
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Tao1e 5.-Prov is ions for the

Ad ■ inistration

of Old Age Assistance-Continued

----·

,-..-

I It r•-

tun,

Sup,:-rv iso r y

Direc t

or

iu~ r

Final

Adv l50T Y

~l'"lodlC

.3 uu~:

I

-~ nt

- -- - --'--+- - - - - - - -------!-- - - - - -----,f------ - - ~- - S ta t~ Dep.t.rtmeat o f

P'tlblic AsS1su.nce.

Couaty punlic

M-

n.=u.u.1.,-j {

l'ii,uoce c oua-

Ro'.,.,,

by

S!a t•

Jep.irtM("nt

on

°"""

1110 1 ton

1

n:\'l#"'tf

I

llpoo

<""-

pl.iint b;
p"r~ o n

o t ner. t t<aQ
.tppl 1c.ant

4

I

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4

F'urt h,r in -

ves t 1 -1,t 10 n
by S~U t ~

d."

~

rt 111"" nt 1

----1 H--

ot pub-

dep&rtn:rnt

Cou n ty

lic welfare~ Counu ~os ion dep.&rt JlleDt

311

County

d epart 1t1etl t
t. b~ lnd u~t rial

Peu1011

of

Cr,('IJSi 'iS lOII.

Jodi•·
'l' 70l!lia1

------1 11( --I Sune

Judi•·
·- I St&« 0.pa rt ..,at of
Public Wrlta~.

~p.irt111ien t o ! Publt c

We l1a.re a.ssl,;tN bJCOIJn t y

11 I - • -·- --1-. --- -- .. I X - •••• -

Co un t y depa rt ""'at ot
public welfa r f" . 3 &
Coun t 1 P"'ftS ion depar1 meat. :3fl Cou a t y

,,

-- -- ---1

'2

§
Cl.

.:{

Distt" i c t

m

I

Coootr &-p,,,t ...,,t
o f public w,l-

( iJ

~n t

1-- --- -__ ._. I X .. . ___ • I State board . 1--__ __.... _. I.- · .... _ .I St&t•

I O~ I Boa r d

• - 1 Boar d of com i 5.sioa·-

o f c oa•iss1one r s

tllrough desigmted aie rx.7.

37

ers

CQflt- 1Terdtori al Board of
Pnbl 1c Wel fare.

111iss ion .

t~ TOUill

d~11 -

Cburity pobllc "'"lt&~
C0111111i.sa ion .

1l t aatborit y t o hear ap~als , t o r ev i ew deci ■ ione , and to ,aak'? r ur ther in-r estii&tloD.5
placed br law with a. s peclft c ag eac1 wltbia t he depe.rtn.eat, t he spec if ic aieDCJ is
named eltheT" h t he bodt of the t ab l e or ta A t oota ote .
ZSt a te depa rt .-Dt ftlUS t reYi ew a ll awards , disAllowaac~ o f app li c& t ions , a ad IIICdi f icatioas ot awa.rda ltade br the coaa t r bau d .
1St a t e dep&rtM' Dt ca11ot hcreue or dec r eue a.aount o f u1W t 1ace 0'6 ow11 110t ion .
•UL111 t ot"bldit K\lOft la an, con t wl t ll t ff' objtt t ot c:b&aa: l 11 n l e of S ta te Depa.rt me• t
L,

\O ,tte- aerha o f

&■ Y

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appt\ca\loe .

I·

---- I X ___

---- 1Te rri r ori a .l

Tt?r r ito r 1d
!:Joa. rd .

boa.rd.

L----------•-----I

J X • -- - •• -- __j X --- - - - - - - -

Si,iianmallyJ X -- • • __

X.3A

37

X irld icatt-s that the pro,- i.sion applies .., i t hout li111it&tion i n a i hen State .
H iadie&t N 11\and& U)T'J proYi.sion.s .
0 l adiut es opuon&l pTovuioas .

ol PubUc= We U•r• u

G'l
buar,J.

r

o r Public Wel-

na t M &e'°ocy.

0

-

-- l Te- r rit oria.l De-pa rt-

Depa.r u,etH or
Publi c We l!a n.

Ha"f'ail • _____ _ I H •• I CoDDt1 p-oblic welfa re-

0

rfi

o!

ColuJRb i&.

m

4

t1 .JTe rri tori a l

t a.~.

0

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--- 1X . -- • - - - • •• I.... . --.. .. I X

r

fa.re.

Aluka

CD

:E

ta~ .

depa r tm-ent or publlc wf:1 -

"c::::

r

m
r

<kp,utwi~t

cone 11 .
Viscoas ia

m

0

ol r•- I X--· ··- ·- -- 1Citu•o ·-- 1X °'
·-----·I BoarJ
v1....,· ot StAt,-

c 11.

couuy public &S '5i~tanc.e

to Sut,.
d~p.lrtll'll:!nt l

d~pa.rt-

e ~pa :- trY.:Dt or Publ le
•~t Vir~i•i•i M__ Stat
Ass1stanc ~ a.,sist"d t,7

Ap~•l of
.1pplie11.n t

or

boa.rd

CJ)

Ap~al ,,ni1

Rt-coos 1J~ :-at 10n

Or1.,:0Al dt-tt-rmlria tion

of
14•

•

OetemiM tr OI) o f elliib11ity

Mruci i strath"' r e.,,pansJb1l1t1

Su.1~

00
N

I ---

---1 ---------- - 1- ---- - -- - I Territort&l
boa rd .

T4!rri t ori a l I __
bOllrd .

Te rr 1tor1al
boa rd .

10 Appea l allowt"d to t he S t a t e Boe. rd of Go a t rol whose dec1!'lioa '"J be a.ppE-aled t o t~
d is trict co grt of the count y of r esi denc e.
11 Adv lsory aa th or itJ ls .1.;ea t of St ate d~p&rt11en t .
11
Ap~al a ll owed t o Statr Socia..l Secu rJtJ c..:c-i.usloa vnose dec1sioa 111a.1 be appealed
t o ttte circuit court .
11 Appeal allow~ to St ated ir~tor of a.sa1s t ance who 11ust repor t rtndhga to t ~ St u ei

Boan! ot Co ntrol vboso Joe lo Ion is f in&l.
• •eonalul011•r ot pub lic ... uaro mst dot en,ioe tlw! e llilblli t J ol &II applicants ud
t h• alllOunt or ualstance, bat ""• t h all cuu tirat cona ult t "" prop,,r ottlclaa of
the co•a t le1 o r t CMDS required t o coat ri bate to th, cmt o r aacb uah t&nc~ .
"'St a te depan••t Mt a ll ow tu loc al otf icP tn dl! t ~Mlltw! whet~ r a ss lstanc e • 1 M'
1nMf!d aid O P JUIIOtlll f a fld "'4fln!'r t hl!rr c:, t .

0

z

5cooetJ boa.rd• of publlc ~uare _, be ntabliahNI b, COG ■ t1 board of a ■peniaon or
b1 pet it too ot tolectorate ,
eAppe.al allowed to Surea of Uld A,e Assistucir wtlose decl ■ ioa ■a, be appealed bJ t h
•oerior court of ue county h WDicb the applic.ut reside■ .
"Appeal allowed to pttSideat of State Old Ace Welfare COlllliUioa .
8 Rr-coas ldt'rat ioa abo prOf idt'd for vhea local aaeocJ dtt• it aeceasarr .
1
A couatJ bareaa i ■ esta.bli■ hed io Cook CouatJ ,
10
Applica■ t -.y appe,al froa decbi011 of State dePl,rt!W!at to eircait coart of coaatJ 111
which tlle appHcaat resides .
11
Appeal allowed to State Board of Social Welfare whoae decl ■ ioa • r be appealed to the
district coort ol tbt coaatr h vbicb the applica ■ t reside& .
11
Aaou.at of uslstaace araated is sabJect to re'Yiew at aar tiM bJ tbe State Bo&td of
Social Welfare aid MJ be increased, decreased, or diacoati111ed .
11
Appeal all-d to Stue appeal ca-It tee. State Board of Social Welfare •1 afflra,
decision of tbe State appeal c01111iltee.
IIOdity, or set aside
''The State director of social welfare is aathoriz:ed to order an iaYestieatioe of the
act hit ie-s of aar coaatr board or priYate a,encJ wbenner be dte• necesa&rJ or wbeaever
the State bot,rd rec~llds ■ ucb an in9tie-atioa .
11
State De-~rtaeat of Welfare ..,, or,aaise lcx:al welfatt depanae11ts to exercise dele•
cated powen .
11
Appeals allowed to dh·isi011 of public a.sat.stance . Awards of tbe dhieioa are aabject
at all tiaes to re.,.iev bJ tbe State Departarat of Weltatt .
1
"Appeal all~d to appeal board witt&ia tbe Staie 0e.-naru of Plbllc Welfare .
111 Bot11 State departaeot aad appeal board aathoriled to ttt' i Nf deci ■ iou of local IK&rd
of public welfare .
19
At the re-quest of the al)Olicaat, or apon bis Oita hYestiaatioa, t~ director of tile
State Wel!are Depart~at •1 direct a hearing before tbe coaat7 old aae assistuce board.
A further hearina MT bt' bad before the State director whose decisio1 IL&J' be appealed to
the circnit court of the cou1t7 of residence.

a.a,

•e.Public welfare oftlcial" aeaa ■ co- ■ ty coaaiNioaer of public welfare, dtJ coaof p11Dllc welfare, towa public welfare- officer, or cit, pablic welfare officer.
..,Cit1 of Roell, Mount i ■ coastltuted a. s~rate ad•ht ■ trathe dlatrict. Boa.rd of
coaatJ c011aissioaer ■ ur cbaaae decisiOD of cowttJ board of cbarities aad public wlfare.
•l ■ aioaer

"Coaatf board of cb&rltln ud p1blic wltare Is npowered to n,coHlder ud uke
ceaaaes ii A110u11t of uahtuce. The State Board of Charities aad Public Welfare ud
Oe board of coaatJ co•is■ ioaers ■ Ht be aotified of ·s11cb cbaae-es. Sacb actioa i■ sub-ject to reYiew b1 Ule State Board of Charitln and PabUc -elfare, aDd a recipieat •1
'PPeal the decision to tbe State Board of Allotaeata aad Appeals.
19
Powe-n Nlathe to appeal, reYiew, u.d rec.oasideratioa Ye■tecl 1a tbe State Board of
Allot ■eata aad Appeal■, u a,eacy created witbh tbe State Bo&rd of Charities aad Pablic
Welfare .
10 Lcx&l direc.ton of pablic welfatt aa, be desi1aated to uabt ia llllina: i■•esti1a­
tioas.
11 1a Cbarltsto■ CQuat1 the countr welfare board bu direct Adaiatstrathe respooai•
bilit1 for old are assistance u ■ der tt&e aupe"isioD o! tbe State Departae■ t of Public

i.e1rare.
11 h c&H of dbae-reewe■ t tt&e State depart■eat uke■ decbioa .
18
Applicaat u1 appeal to the director of the Depart ■e1t of Social Secaritt ud froe
t&h dee i.aion to tbe coaatJ auperior court.
s.Sute depart ■eat .. , also re.ud appliu.tioa to coaatJ for hrt•er iaYn:tiaat101.
81
bt&blisb ■eat is opti.oaal ia couaties of 5()) . 000 or ■ore popalatioa .
st .Bstablishaeat is optioa&l la coaltin of less th.a !i()() . OOJ populatioa.
87 Board of public wUare ts Yested with tt&e power a.ad datJ 01' pr01'idh1 for tile
a,ed .
81
When aceac, belines that aid lln been improperl1 eraated, it - , condact fan.lier
iavestia:atioa.

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Tabl8 1.-Personal Qual i fl cations for Old

..

Aee

ye an

Dne rt 10 n f or
'5pec1f 1e d period
w1 th1n lJ 7e11rs

u. s.
c1ti u n h1p

St •le

Loca l

pr io r t o

I

l p'DliC at U:UI:

l')

Alabana

6!> - •• I l • - · . - • •••• I

Aruona

65 ... I X ·- . .••• • • . I I' I

l year 1

.

e,

e,

hus baad

w1te

I6

l!!O a.t hs

Appl l Ca.Dl
!uled t o
suppo rt
ch t l dren

•i•

r or

•en

duqual 1 r 1ca.t 1 0 0

App l ic&nt

Appl 1cut
c oa • 1ct~

was tr.a.I"!?

or r~L oo

or t>e,au

pe riod
spe c1t 1er1

w1th1a
,.eriod
so~1!1 ie-d

prior t o
a pn l1 catt on

pn or t o
app l l C.t. l 10D

wt t h1 n

und t:r
Speci f1M

22

Assistance
keaso r:i!I

Res 1deace

St4 te-

Ao•

I

6 11011 tbs_ l 16 yean . - 10 , ,.ars __ _

-4

>

-4

m
l'ti sc e llueou,

C

CXl

(")

IDMte o f

& D. J

pe nal. 1H a 1~. or co r r ec t1 01a.l h -

st1tut 1ou f or p&St year.

l aMte ot any l nt1t ut 10 11 uce pt ffonte f or tbe Aied
ud l 11 flm Ar uooa P1o nttrs. 3

l year cootu uo usly_

Arka.n u,5

1 year 1 _

165 -·- 1 ·-·····-··1

:,

Florid&

~

Geo r1ia

;;

Idaho

65 _ . • X •••••• ••••

ll l u ois

65 _ •• X ·-·- •• • • • • / ( ' I

65 • .. X ··· ·· -·· ·.

( l

Iowa

65 • •• 1• ······ · -·

1 1

J

Ians&!i

65 -··

l year coni11uonl1.

~

Lou isia.a&

,".
l.

Fai l ure to pay Old age &ssis an ce ta1 . ID.aa t e ot
Jail or penal ustitotion or out on boad or ~ro-

~
J

-

l year ....• I laaate o f

1

1

l 1ear e _

1 • •• • ••. 1 1 •• ••• . _1 15 , . .... _

2 years

---- 1ln,iate

of anJ i ■ saae uylWI or public refer ■ o r
cor rectiona.l tHtitutioa .

··-Il -·· ·· ····· I ( l
1

a

65

ra .. ••- I. l- -

(' J

uac11a

l'I

Hbhe
HaolHd

65 ••• 1 X ••••• • •••• 1 (II

Hu•a.c ,•seu, - ---- -- \"~ ___\ X __ ____ ____ \ ( 1) ---- · ·· · ··--·-·· l'U.ch\•H

&i, ---

I ') .....

Applicant
& ao ath ■ J l

15 Jt:•r• .• 1 ~ ,ear111 •. .•

11 J'•11r

i ■ ■ ot

-4

0

z

Actual collfhe..eu up011 Had coavictioa of crime .

l rear __

CJ)

r

>

public re t or11: , i uane, or cor r ect1oul

a s t i tuti oa.

1

7

.,,

G)

b at1011 .

65 ... 1l ·-··- ..... I ( i
65 --· ..-...... -· · I I I
65... -··-........

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Ca!il ornu ••• ..• _•. .
Col orado. __.• . . . •. _. 60 .•• l •.. . - ·•··- 1• 1 -·-Co nn ec ti cut ___ ____ __ 6~ ___ .X __ ____ __ __ ( 1 1

Oelawart

"ti

r

de,ervh1 ,

••••• \ lb \.ft to earn S1 pe r

da,

r tt1• l•rlJ.

Miaanota -----------1155 ___ Jx 1 0 _______ _ I "! -------------- - I I u ! --- - ! ---------

NiHINlppl _________ , 65 ---,------------ j
Missoari ____________ 70 ••• ___________ _
Moata1a

-·-------··--1

llJ - - · · · - - · - · · · - - ·

latodcatlo• or drug baodllog."

Reaideat.. 1 ••••••• - .. 1....... - .. .

-·-·--·----·-··- ·-·-----(') ······--·---····---·
, ,·-····--------- ---·-··-·

.

et1 __ _

Nebraska···-----·--- 65 __ _

---1 X ----------11

New Bupsbire ----·-· 70 ___ l ------·--New Jerse,c!:!d~ ■-1- &ti ___ l __________
New Medco __________ 65 ___ ---------···
11
New Tort··········-· 65 _ x ••••• _____
Nortb Carollu •••••• 65 .• _ X••••••.••.

1

AbilitJ to earn lhelihood.

,.,

( ')

Nnada --------------165

la•ate of an, public cbaritable. ca ■ todi&l, or
correctioaal iastitutioa ( temporary medical or
suraical care in hosp1t1.l excepted I.

1--------- 1-----------• ------- -- -- -

Iar11ate of any prison. jail, State iDsa.a.e uylua,
or State iastitutioa for tbe blind.

J ----------------

-----·--------·----- ---·--·-- 6 110atbs. ·--··--·- l& tears __ lO rears ---1 l 1ear --··( 1 J --·----------·-- Resident ........... --·---·----------·-- .............. .
--·-···--·---·---··· _________ --····-·- -·-···--· ___________ ···-·····-··
1

1 1 -·----·-········ ··-·····- -·······- -·······- -·········- ·········--- --·--··-···-

11 )

- - · · · · · · · · - · · · · · · · · · · · · · - · · · - · · · · · - · · · · · · · · ••••••••••• · · · · · · · · - · - - ----··-·····

1

Nortb D&tota •••••••• 65 ••• X -·······-· 1
Ohio •••••••••••••••• 65 ••• X •• ·-·····Otlab011a •••••••••••• 65 ••• X .--····-··
11
·-·-··--

Ore1oa ······--······ 65 --- 1

) ----··--····-··· - · · · · · · · - · - · · - · - · - · · - · · · · · · · · · · · · - · · · · - · · · · · · · - · - - ------·-·-·17
1
( ) •• · - · - - · · · · - · - · · l Jear _ 6 110aths. X-····-· 15 rears •• -····--···--···-·---·-··
1
( ) · · - · · · · · · - - · · · · · ••••••••• · · · · · - · · - - · · · · · · - · ••••••••••••••••••••••• --·-··--·-·1
1 ) · · - · · · · - - · - · - · · - ----···-- - · - - · · · - · · · · · - · · - · · - - · · · - - · - · --····-·-·-- -·-----·-···
7

10

Peoas11Yuia ·-···--· ?0
_ ·-····---·-· ( ) -···-···-·-··-·- ·-··-···· ---·-··-· -·--··-·· ·---·····-· -·-··-···-·- ·-···-·----11
Rbode isl&od ·--·-··- 65 ••• X'° ·--····- 5 witHa 10 1ears _ •-------· ·--·--·-- -·------- ----···--·- -·-··-··-··· -·---------1

Soutb Caroli1& --·-·· 65 -·- I--···--·-· ( ) ··---··---·----·
11
Soatb Dakota·---·-·- 65 ··- Cit Ilea or ( ) ·-··-----·--·-·
bas applied.

· - · · · · · - · ·--··-·-- ---···--- --·-··---·- --·---·--·-· ···--···---·------·- --·-·-·-· ··------- ---·---·-·- ----··-·---- ---··----·--

-·----·--··-·-·-------·-----·--

Teaaessee -·-··------ 65 --·
(')
Texas ··-···---····-- 65 ··-1 I-·-------· ( ')
(') -·-··-·----····Utab ---··--·--·----- 65 ··Veraoat ... ---·-····-·· 65 ___ X ----·----- 5 111itbia )) years ...

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Vlrchla ------·-·--- 65 --· ------·----- ( 1) -·--·--------·-·
Washin11oa ··-·-----· 65 ___ ----·-·----- 5 wltbla 10 Jears -·
1
West Virctnta ·----·· 65 ·-- X ----··---· ( ) ·--·-----------7
Wiscoasla ·---·-··--- 65 11 _ I __________ ( ) · - - - · - - - - - - - · - · 1
W1o■ta1 --------··--- 65 --· 1••--------- ( ) --------·------Alasta ·---------·--- 65 -·· X -------·-- 5 witbla 9 1ears __ _
District ofColubla _ 65 ___

I·--··--·-- I''---------·-··--·-

Hawaii -----··-------165 •••
See footnotes oa followiaa: paa:e.

~

111ithb

Q

7ean ....

Habitual

cri ■ inal

or drunkard.

10 years __ _
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.

, ,·-··

en
(u) ______

I 10

r.,

Jears __ .l I 1ear ··---

-t
)>

CD

-··-----·-·-1

I

Habitual ___ Inmate of u.1 insane asylua or public retol'JI or
correctional institution.

-·---

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Taote 1.-footnotes

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I indicates Uiat tbe pro1'isioa applies vitboat U ■ itatioa i ■ a 1h'e1 State.
1Applicut ■ast ba•e been resident for 5 years •itbh last 9 ,ears, 1 1ear iaediatelt
preced iDI applicat ioa.
1
Peasio■ paid utirel,- bt State a ■ til legal ttsideace is gained ia count,.
8 Inaate or &DJ iast i tltioa ot~er tlsu penal . ., aake application tor a.ssistaace, bat
sucl1 ass i'ataace, it rraated, aa, not t>eeh aatil atlerllle applicaat eeues tobeaa la.ate .
'Applicant aast ban• btta resident for 5 years vitbia last 9 years; if federal aid is
not eraated, applicant aus t haYe resided ia State l5 years illllf!diatdJ precediai' applica t ion or for 40 years, of vbid1 ~ years ■ust b&Ye i maediatel1 prec edtd application .
Periods of ab~ace 1101 uceedint a total of 3 ,ears do aot iaterrupt coatinuo11s residence .
1 H 65 rears and oYer appl leant ■ ust ba•e re-5ided ia the State 5 rears wi t hia 9 7ears
i..ediatelr precedia1 applicatioa with r rear iaDediatel1 preced i ar applic atioo . At 60
to 65 years he ■ ast l!aYe been a resident for ~ rears prece-d i or tbe applicatioa ud •
re1istered Yater at tlle reaen.l electioas held n.e-it preced i n1 the applicat i oa .
8 Applic.aat ■ ast ba•ebeea res i dent for 5 rears within 9 years, l rear imeediatel1 precedinr application ; ab,eaces aot exceedin1 00 days allowed I abs_e 1ce in setTi c t of State
or Uaited States does aot laternpt reside■ce) it resideoce t s aot acquired elsewlliere .
1 Applicaat nst b&Yebtta resideat for 5 7ears within 9 years , l year iaediatelt precedin1 applicatioa; absence ia senice of State or United States does aot interrupt
residence.
"Application ■ ast be filed ia couatJ in whicb applicaat bas resided 1 full rear durin1
the 9 years oei:t precedinl tbe applicatioa. If ao suc h residence exists: the application
■ ust be flled la co11u1 of residence at the tiae of application.
0Applic ant h eli1ible U be bu rnided ia tbe United States for 25 years and bu
tboufht bi11self to be a citiaea.
10 Applicaat is eli1ible U be has be-ea a re,sideat of tb:it Uaited Staties for 25 years .
11 Applicaut ■ ust baYebeea res ident for S years witbia 9 1ears , 1 rear imediatel1 precedin1 application ; wbea a residrot for 2 years haediate l y precediDR application and
bu not -'t tbe statator1 resideac e reqairmeat. be NJ be ei•ea credit for bis pre•iolls
residence ia the State to eaable bi ■ to .eet t11e reqaire ■ent.

uApplicatioa ■ast be filed ia coant1 ia whicb applicant bas heal settl~U (1 rear
coatiaaoas res\deacel . lf applicant oth e n,i5e qoali.fied ha.s ao settl~nt, le1al ·aettleaent Cor purpose of ■akiag applicatlon is coaaty in wbicb be has resided loa1est witbia
the year imediately preceding applscatioa .
18
Applicaot •ust ha.Ye beea resident for ~ years within 9 years, 1 year iaaediatelr precedlnr applicuioa, aid such residence •ost not bne been established for tbe pvrpose of
eoablia1 appli.cant to rece i Ye assistaace.
14
Appllc.aat also disqua li fied if be co■ tributes to support of able-bodied peraoa OYtr
18 rean of ai,e o t her t ban spo use .
16 pplicaat •us t haYe been residen.t ~ ye,u s within 9 rears i-ediatelr pttcedl•I appli A
cation, or25 cone-cutiYe years atan1periodand l year imediatel)' precedia1 ap,:,licatioa .
111
h neat Federal aid is discoat i aued, tile a1e li ■it ■ a.st b4!' raised to 70 7ears •fter
1st dat of Petirur7 foll owiar such d i scoatinaace .
11
Ha7 be waived it a.eces sary to secure- Federal aid .
11
Aay aatin bon _.ricaa voua who lost ber A■ericaa citheashlp because of aarriace
to aa alien prioi to Septe■ ber 2Z H~33 . a.ad who is otlaervi.se Qualified, is eli1ible for
as~istance .
19
Atter Deceat,c~r 31. 1939, ace requiritaent is 65 Je&rs.
10
Applica.at ■ ust be a citizea of tbe Uoitl'd States or b&Ye been a resident of t~e Uaited
States coatiauonlr for 20 1ears.
21
l year's resideac,: ptior to t i11e of a.pplicatioa required. Regardless of State law nlet
... rer-ulat ioas aec~ssar, to coafor• to .fNieral old aee lecJ,slatioo ■aJ be aade by tbe cbief
of tbe Di Yisioa oC Social Security wi tb the appron.l of t ~ State Di rector of Public WeUare.
11
Applicaat avst baYe beea resideat 2 1e•n wit bin O ,ears, l 7ear illlltdiatel1 precedia1
appl icat ioa.
1
3Ma, be redoced to 60 rears whe11e,oer Federal a1e li ■ it l9 to reduced.
14
Applicaat ■ ust aot ba.Ye failed to support wife or cbild aader 1~ 7ean of a,e, for 6
IIOaths or ■ore dnh1 15 rears precediaf applicatioa .
26
Applicaat •ust be a ctthea of U1e United States 01'" baYebeea •rest.Matot tW D1ited
States for 15 rea.n.

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Taol• 8.-Heed Oual lflcatlons for Old Age Assistance
Li11ltatiooa 01

Li•itations on property

State

Ge-aer&l

Arlaoaa

on perso■al
propertJ

oa real
property

ll ■ itatio■ a

.&laba■a --------------1

Li ■ t. ts

Li ■ its

Mul ■u■

(11 --------------1 (11 -----------1 (1 ) ---------------------11360

--------------11 1 )

--------------! Realty

ased
residence.

as

I n.ooo ------------------1 S3eO

i ■ coae

lppllcut ■ ust
Incoae rate
applied to not have disposed
or propertr to
noarneaue
qu&llfr
producln1
nroo~rtJ

iac011e allowed

X

per ,ear iacludin1 aaslstaace __ _

per

rear•-----------------------

_,_•~---------------' ~'.ooo -------- ~• ------------------- :

CoDDectlcat

----------I(')--------------

Delaware ____________ _

attach■ent.__

1) ______________

1

ldahO---------------- ( )
Illinois
1
Indiana-------------- .( )
Iowa ________________ _

--------------

(1

1) ____________________ _

1

1

( ) ---------------------

--------------

it aarried I.
la.nsas --------------- (') ______________ ( 1 ) ___________ ( 1) ____________________ _

leatuclJ------------- ( 1)
Lonislaaa ____________ ( 1 )

--------------

( 1 ) ___________

( 1 ) ____________________ _

______________

( 1 ) ___________

(') ____________________ _

Haine __ _____________ _ ( l J ______ _______ _ ( l J ___ ___ ____ _ ( ') ____________________ _

Maryland _____________ ( 1)
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asai■tu.ce1 __

----------------1

(') ----------------------------------

I') ----------------------------------

I
I.
X ---------------- X.
Within 2 rear ■ __ _

( ')

Within 2

______________

Massachusetts -------Micbii&D .............................. ..

18
·-----·-----, $3,500 • ________
Mississippi __________ ( 1 ) ______________

Min.■esota

See footn.ote-s at ead of table.

----------------------------------

1') ----------------------------------

rears __ _

I ------ ---------1
1
7
Bl per 1100th includhK asststance
percent
Wi tbin 5 ,~ars __ J Child.
1
1
1
( 1 ----------- ( 1 --------------------- ( ) ---------------------------------- ___________ Within 5 rears __ _
12.000 I 13,000 l:lQO 114:10 if ■arriedl --I 125 per IIODtb inclndinK assistance ___ J 5 pereent•.J 1 ________________ J (1 ).
( ) -----------

-------------1 (') --------------11 •)____________ I( l----------------------1

g

----------------1

X
X.
X ----------------

I ~ per 1ear incladinr usistuce __ _

----1 ,I.)--------------1 ,.)1 -----------1
___________ ,( ., ---------------------

Florida ------- --Georcia --------------

fro■ lerallr
r6poasible relathes hadequate.

Wi thil 2 rears ---

per IOOntb 1Dcludh1 assistance• __

Propertr exempt fna ex- 145 per 110at11 iDcludiae-

(~•idence.____ 1~ution or

----------------1 Contrlbntiou

Wi tbh 5 rears ---

Arkansas ____________ _

Califonia ----------1
Colorado------------- ( } --------------, Realtr used as

Applicant ~as ao penoa
liable aad able to
support hi ■

( 1 ) ___________

(

10

}

( 1 ) ____________________ _

----------1 { --------------------1
10

)

$3, ~ t i ______ 11.(X)() CS500 e-xeaptioo for
household e-oods). 12

1---------------1-------------------------1
( 1 ) ___________

( 1 ) ---------------------

---12

(

-1

., -------------------------------------------------------------------

Wi tbia 2 rears .. --

----------------

( ')

~

( ')

Within 5 years

11 per da1 iaclodiar usist&ace _____ _

X ---------------- Sponse or child.
WithiR 2 years ___ l.

---------------------------------( ') ----------------------------------

S30 per 1100th in.cludhr usistuce
~

11

-1-----------1 lfithi■

---1 Relative.

5 rears __ _

per IIODtb includinr assistuce ___ 3 perceat _ l _______________ _

S:!> per aoath in.cludiae- assist&ace

14

---1

.. ,-----------, Witbil 2 7ean
Spouse or child.
Within 5 years 11 _ Brothers. sisters, son.,or
daue-bters.

( 1 ) ---------------------------------- ___________

CD

&i
0
-I

l>

CD

,,,

r

Cf)

•

CD
--.J

(X)
(X)

Taot, 8.-Need ()!al i fications for Old Age Assistance-Continued
L1nitat 1ou on inc ome

Li mi tati oa s on property

State

General
liaitations

Sl, 500 1$2, 000 i i

Missouri

ma rri ed I.

Limits oa real
property

Lilu ts oo persona l
prope rty

$500 tu oe2ot iabl e pape r s

Haiu1u11 ucoae a ll owed

l S:!fl

-l

liabl e ,111,d &b lt- t o
sup port hie

;:;t

,,

co

'

(")

lttb l o 2 yea.rs _ ..

5 ~rce nt .
New Ba.t1tpsbire ____ __ __

>

C:

or c.ash.

Ne-tada

en

App l l eant ha~ no perso,1

per 11011t b io cludi ali' asshu.oce HI .

Montan a - ___ • •• _____ • _

New Jerse1

•

ra.tel

Appl 1c.&11t nu 1o t
I ocoae
;ip;,l lt"d t o no t hu e dts pas M
o f property t o
ao11 r evea ue
!lU&llty
pr oduc i ne
p roperty

L . .. .......... .. ! l.

~

fi.t h'la 3 years • ..

'>

li ithin

c:::4~r 1. )••

(

.

m

"Tl

).

X,

r.

m

X.

'm

New Mexico
Nev Yor k

G)

North Ca r olina ____ ___

en

x.
x.

North Dako ta ________ _

Ohio

...'>
0

0

Spouse, child . bthe-r, r,othe r,
e raadpa. reat , r r a ndc bild.

(Q'

I

~

0

l 122 J.

Rhode Is l and ___ __ ___ _

S:,J per IK>o t b hcludiDg a.ssistaoc e . l ~perceat . l X ..•. . .. • ....•• .•
&1 be mo r e io exceptioo&l cas«!'s.

South Carolina ____ ___

S240 per ye&r •••• • • ••• • ••••• • • •••••.. • · ••••••••• 1 X •• • . ••• • •••• • •.• 1X.

So11th Dakota ________ _

( ')

0

(' )
Spous e .

C

00
~

z

x. 20

o~goa

1·-- ---·-··- 1Withi11

Ven,,oat .. . .... ... . ... 1SZ,500 114 ,000 If

5 year,. __
Hust ao t e1ce~ yearl1 average or15S~
per rooatll incladhi ass istance.
14
S300 per year fl500 if ""'rrlod1 .•. • . .• ••• • •..• l .• .... ..• ••••• .. 11 .

urriodl, Sl,000
b011eS tead e.ae-.,t loa.
Vl.ra;ld&

la:> pe r IIODO hcludl ■i' ·•• l ■ tuce ---

Whhh ~ Jf!AO . ..

I (HJ

.

:::!;:;;:.~~·:::::::: Ii~;:::::::::::::::I,~;:::::::: ::::1 i~;·::::::::: ::::::: :::::1 ~.::.~~~:.·~:::::: :::::::::::::::::
Bawall •.••••••••.•...

11 1 .•••.•.••..•••.•••••• 11') •••••.••.•.••.•.•••••••.•••••••...

W,oaia1

(''···············11•1

{

1

li■ itatioa.

b a eiYea State.

1Applicaa.t has propert1 or incoae iD. excess of UIOUD.t needed for reasonable subsistence

coai,atible witb deceoc1 1.11d bealtb.
acoa.tributio•• aad assistance fro11 pablic or priYate cbarltles are eot iaclllded n

ia-

CON,

N
a.

"'

~

C")
0

arv

J X.

District of Colubia .

se.ooo'" ........ .

l indicates that the proYisioa applies without

<O

X •••••••••••••••

1·,j·:::::::::::::::::::::1 ~!,~•:. da, l■cladi•r autstuce •••••• ,~percent., :,;············:·:Ix.
1 ••••••••••••••••••••• l'J •••••••••••••·••••·•••••••••·••••• ·••••·••·•• I ............... .1 t"t.
l ................ , (10 ).

Wiac:osaia

Alnta ••••.•••......• (') •..••••..•.••• (1)

g

J ••••••••••••••••

1Per90a&l property does not include ia.suruce policies wblcb baYe beea iD effect at
least 5 ,ears and the aaturit1 Yalae of which does not esceed 11,000.
4Iacoae less O.an 115 per 110ntb is aot considered if derived fro■ personal ·HrTices,
Ya.lae of foodstuff produced tor use of fuil1, rent fr011 pre.ises oned u.d occupied by
applicant, Yalue of firewood or water produced oa pre■ i:ses or eiYea to applicant, or lift's
other than reealar contribution• fro ■ le11ally responsible relatives.
'The aaount of aet iacoae tr011 any source either i ■ cub or ia kind receiYed by a persoa elia:ible for assistaace ia deducted fro■ tile aaount of assistance wUcb aacll penoa
would otherwise recehe.
9 Applicaat bas not ■ade a Yoluatarr usirn■eat to increase ·need for usiataace.
"Assistance iraated ■ay be recOYered fro■ child liable tor support.
1 Value of household roods &a.d beirlooas e1eapt to tbe UOllDt of S500 ia aakina: coaputatioa.
9Applicaat has ao spouse, child, or other person, aaaicipality, associatio■, societJ.
or corporation lf":ially or contractually responsible a11d able to support bi■•
10 Applicant h not disqualified by reason of OlfDersbip of equity ia real estate apoa
wbicb be actually resides (except that U sacb equity is ia excess of 13.000 in eacb of
the 5 years iiu,ediately preceding application, penal bond ia a.>uat of excess ii required I.
The ownership of a policy of iuuunce aot exceedini $3,000 and witlil a cash sarreader
Yalue not in excess of sm U in effKt aot less than 15 years does not disqaalify applicant, The ownership of a policy of group insnraDce DOt ia excess of Sl,000 aad witll
a weekly premit111 aot exceediDi 50 cents does not disqualify applicut U it bas been iD
etfKl at least 5 ,ears.
11 S50 for ■arried couples botb elirible, ISO for sister and brotber lhiae toa:etber,
and Sl5 for each additional eligible brotber or sister. Ha.1.ia• incoae allowed ilcludes
JlSSistance.
•tpropertJ of husband or husband aad wife joint 1, if ther are· aot separated. la calcalatiag inc011e, earnin11s or gifts aot exceed.ha: S50 ia any caleadar 1ear are aot co ■ sidered.
11Property of pensioner and spouse ■ust not e1.ceed lillit.
Don aot incllllle Yalue of
household Q:OOds, perso ■al effects, aad • lot ill badal eroa■d.

X ________________ Spouse. cllild, or parut.

uhcludes irre1alar or cuu·a1 1ifts or ear1ia1■ aot oTer SlOO a rear.
11Appllcut ■aat not •l■ tal ■ or co1trib1te to 111pport of u1 able-bodied penoa ""•r
l8 ,eus of a1e ot•er tllu llaa!)ud or wUe.
11
l!ani11p 1ot aceedh1 S~ per ,ear are tot couldered,
"Cost of uslatuce recOl'erable lD actiOII of dabt bJ State llepartllftt of hbllc Welfare
troa fat•er, aotller, stepfatliler, step110t•er, so■, or daqhter, JoiatlJ or aererali,, U
Ill> le to pro• ide.
11
Not u eiopti011 ll■it b■t •rel.J a 1■ lde to adllitlatrati01. Appllcut ■at be poor,
deae"iDI, aid aaable to ·aapport blaelf.
11
Applicaat mt aot haTe aatticieat propertr or i■coae to proTide reaoaable ■abat■ t­
eoce. If appllcut baa 10 fuads, OWllera•ip of penoul or ruJ. propertJ or llfe iunruce br applicaat or ·apo•e ·awl ■ot preclade ••l■ tuce.
111
.ActiOII - , be broar•t a,aitat peno■ or penou lilll>le for ·■■JIP01't of recipieat to
recOYer coat of asaiataace.
1
• Appllcut bu 101 dtspoaed of propertJ of Im Yal~e or mre nlesa fair coulderatioa
waa recebed.
11
It otller persoas are able to aapport, applicaat'"s peMioa decreued accordia11,.
11Reual YalDe of b... , lf OWied or bela1 purcb&sed udactuJ.11 occapied bJ appllcut,
la aot to be co■■ traed u hcoae. CollbiDed iaccae ot llubud ud wU'e nat be coasidered
ia deteraiaia1 tbe aeed of either peraoa.
1
"Tlle law also proYidea tllat tlle UIO■at of allowuce cu be ao 1reater tllaa u aaout
wblcb wkea added to hcoae frm oner aoucn will eqaal S!O per - t k for a ala1le persou aDd 145 per ac,atll tor aa alll wife liTla1 toeetlter. Baniacs or 1Uts w•lcll do ■ ot
e1.a-ed 1100 ia u1 calendar ,ear are aot cou idered a i.acoae.
•Local board - , proceed a1aiut &OJ pet'II09 le1all7 liable ud fhuciallJ able ud
cause bi.JI to Hpport appllcut or recipieat.
18
Aaout of assistance toeetller witll appllcut 1a on. re■o1rce■ aad iacoae ant aot be
less thaa S30 per IIODtb.
"lacoae hcludiac assiata1ee, wbicll u aearl.J appro1ia■.tes S3J per ■oatll a circa...
stances i■ eacb cue sball warraat.
•Applica■ t or spouse ■ast ■ot lla•e depriYed llillself of ur propertr, iacoae, or reso ■rces h order to qualU1 tor aasbtuce.
"Territorial Depart.eat of Pablic ~Uare ll&J briq ••it for recoTer, of mietuce
a,aiaat person liable aad able to sapport recipie1t.
10Spoue, father, cbild, or 1rudc•ild llYia1 ii ne Diatrlct of Colubia.

tD
)>

Cf)

(")

-I
)>

tD

r

rn

en

•

ffi

90 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Table 9.-Types of Aid Received or Needed Which Disqualify Applicants for Old Age

Assistance
lastitatioaal aid

Other pub lie

State

Ia wed or

!'11bllc
or prhate
iMtiutioa

uaist&DCe

Ptlblic
hstitatioa

care

I------------

Alabaa - ------ --------------- _-- -- ____ ----- --

x ___________ _

Ark11.nsas ____________________________________ _

coatiaaiq
iatit ■ tioaal

x.•

14 __________ _

Call fornla _____ --------------- ______________ _

Colorado ____________________________________ _

x_ __________ _

Connect icat -- -- . -------- --- ---- __ ---------- ..

I------------

-------------- I.

I-----------1-----------1-----------X------------ I.
Illinois ---- ----- --- ------- --- - --------- -- --I"----------I 'ldiua. __ ----------------------- ___ --------- 1
1-----------i.•
Iowa -- ---- --------- -------- ----- -- --- -------- 1
Kansas--------------------------------------- -------------- -------------- I-----------leat actr ---- - - -- ---------- -- - ----- - -- ------- - 1
I------------ ---------- ---- X.
Loaisiaaa
•PP•D41a ■. >--------------------- X" ----------- I-----------Ha he _____ --_____ ---------------------------x• -----------

Del.Aware----- --- -----------------------------

id•------ --- ---- -- ---------- -------- -- ---

Flor
1
Georel• ---- -- ------ --- --- -- - - - --- - ---- -- ----- ( J --- ------Idaho - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - -- _-- --- - - - - - - _- __ - - - __ _
7

1

•• ________ •

--- --------

7

-------- ---

(Bt•

Har1lalld ---- ----------------- _______________ _

1• -----------

Kessachaset ta ------------ .. __ ------ ----------

110 -----------

Nlcb ieu ------------- --- -- ------- - -- -- -------

17 ----------- I.

MiaDeSota __ ---- --------------- --------------- ---- --------- - ------- ... ------

1

NIBO isoippl __________________________________ 1 7 ----------- 11

-----------

Missouri __________ -------- __________________ _

Moatua _____________________________________ _

17 -----------

1

x ___________ _

I------------

Jener----------------------------------- 1

-------------- I.

I"-----------

North Carol iaa - -- --------- - ---- -- -----------North Dakota--------------------------------- X7

I.

I'"---------- -------------- I.

7

Hew
----------7
New" Hexico .... --------------------------------- 1 ----------Hew Tort------------------ ___ ---- -- --- ______ _

-----------

17 ----------- I.

Nebraska _____________________________________ 1 11 _________ _

Hew llallpobire ________________________________

7

17 ------------------------ 1.

x• ----------1" -----------

-----------

Oblo -- --- -------------- -- -- ------- ----------- - ------------Oltlahou. -- ____ -· ____________________________ _

x• -----------

Oreeoa --------------------------------------- 1

7

-----------

1

11

----------

I-----------South CILroliu ------------------------------- --------------- -------------- I-----------South Dakota _________________________________ I'----------- I-----------Pe-nasylYa1ia .. ____ -------- -- -- --- ----- - --- ---

11, _________ _

Rh<de Island---------------------------------

Tennessee ________________ • _. ________________ _
Te1as _______________________________________ _

xi•---------- --------------

Utah ---- ------- ------ _______________________ _

x ------------ --------------

I.

7
Veraont -------------------------------------- X -----------

Virrinia ------------------- ----------·------- 1

7

-----------

Washiarton --------- -- ------ --- --- ----- -- ----- 17 ----------West Virriai&-------------------------------- 11 7 _________ _

Wlscouin -----------------------------------W1011.ine _- ---- -- ---- - --- . --- .... --------- --- - -

17 -----------

Alaska __________________________________ ---··-

District of Colalllbia ------------------------ftl'Dfa ii - - - - _________ -- _________ . _____________ _

x• ----------1 ------------

x.

I"----------- -------------- x.
xi• ---------I-----------1• -----------

17 ----------17 -----------

I"-----------

Stt footnotes oa followinll p~e.

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BASIC TABLES• 91
TaOIB 9.-Footnotes
X hdicates that the proviaioo applies without li•itatioa i ■ a ehea State.
1Recipient 11&1 aot receiYe aa1 other public usist&ace except tewporar, aedic&l or aarrical aid unless
authorized bJ the State board.

1Assist.u.ce aa, be eru.ted to ln•tes of the Hoae for the Aeed and Iafin Arizona Pioneers at Prescott

&ad to persons teaporarily coafiaed in i ■ atitvtio■ a for aedical or suraical care.
3Sacb care •ust be reasonably &Y&ilable.
6
Teaporar1 ■edic&l or sureical assistance doe• not disqualif1 applicant. Inaates of a boardiae hOlle or
other iastiution aot supported ia whole or in part bJ public funds •ust be granted aid, except U aucb
persons are cared for Hder a contract exceedioe the period of l 1100th or requiriae pa,-ent of an, sa ■ other
than for roo• or bo&r-d.

6 8lind assistance 011,.
1 Assistance rruted while 11&iatailed in pr hate i ■stitutio■ ia wllicb applicant llu aot p1rcllased care alld
11&hteaance or wbere tbe aa:>aat paid tor care and aahteaaace bas beea wholl1 consuaed.
7
Teaporary aedical or sarrical usistuce doe• aot disq11alif1 a.pplicaat.
8
Receipt ot tael, deatl.l, aar■ he, osteopathic, clliropractic, aedical, or sareical usistaace, or boapit&ll:u.ti_oa does aot disqaalU1 applicant.
9
1.a i a - t e - , ate applicatioa tor a■ iatuce bllt, U rraated, u■ iatuce ■ast aot beeia until alter
lie ceases to be aa ha&te.
10
Applicant is also disqaalitied U cared tor 111der coatract b1 iastitatioa aot supported ia whole or part
br public t ■ ada.
11
Also State l■stintio■ for tile bli ■d. Teaporarr bospit&li:&atioa does aot disqualUJ applicant.
11 IaMte of public i■■titatioa ■a, 11&ke &pplicatioa tor assistance but, if 1ruted, assistance ■ aat aot
bqi ■ aatU be ceases to be a ■ i ■ aate.
13Any persoa qualified to receh·e assistance • r live at & priY&telr operated horte for the aaed.
14 Bospitali&atioa does aot disqu&lltt applicaat; aa, applicant not &a iaaate of & priYate iastitatioa tor
tile qed at the tiae of the passa,e ot the act and wbo was not aa inaate thereof duriDe the period of l
rear just prior to the paasa,e of the act •1 upon eateria1 a priYate boae coatiaae to recehe aid it s11eb
boae is approTed bJ tbe director of public welfare.
16 Inaates ot prbate i■atitatio■s apprOYed bJ State departae-nt arl!- aot disqualified.
teHospi talhatioa does ■ot dt■qaalifJ applicaat.
17 Applicut 11&1 not receive other public assi ■taace ( except teaporary aedlcal or a1r1tcal assbt&nce) vl tbout appro•al of coa ■ tJ cou ■ cil.
11 1aaate of coaaty boae •1 applJ tor aasiatuce bat, if 1raated, aaslstaace ■at ■ot beri■ aatil after be
Cea.RS to be u haate.

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Table 10.-Provisions for Recovery of Cost of Old Age Assistance From Recipients and Their Estates

<.D

N
Recovery in cases
'for execution Requirement where recipient RecoYery
becomes possessed
frOOI
of ae re~en t for assi(inof property or in- estate
Liens j by recipient
neat or
c0111.e in e.r.cess of
upon
to reimburse traasfer of
need or &11oun t
death of
property
iOVeruaental
stated iD
recipient
unit
&.E..E_lica tion

Recovery iD

Requirement

State

ca.ses of

Li■ i tations oa recoYer, fr011 estate

•

Rate of
interest
charged

Dlhrepresentatioa or
concealment
'1 incaae or
property

I

U)

Portion of swa
recmered paid to
Federal Go•ennent

on sums

eranted
and recovered

"O
CD

r

Arizona ______ _

X ---------------

----1

C.li!ornla
t•) __
Colorado _____ _
Connecticut __ _

X --- -----------

::oh-ibi ted __

1-;; ____ --- --i----------------1

Delaware _____ _

-------------1----

x• ---------

Proportioaate share.

x• ---------

Not to exceed 50 perceat.

Survi•lnir spouse M7 be allowed to occupy property-I::

---------14

9

[Q

;;.
(l)
a

----------1 X ----

l&DS&S

0

-

00
( i)

Not to exceed 50 perceat.

o• ---------1 X---------------1 X-------

--------1 l - .•• I-•···--·-·-·· 1-----

1------------1-----------1 Proportioaate

Gl

r
share.

No claim enforceable while propertJ is occupied by
suniTinR' spouse. to

z

I" ____________________ 50 percent.
19

3 percent_ 50 perceat.

_________

1 8 _________ -----------.

Aaount required bJ Federal
law.

--1-----------------1 X -------1 No

Not to e1ceed

cl.aim enforceable a,aiast propert7 wllile occupied
by suniYiDi spouse. SlOO funeral expenses a.nd

Louisiana _____ I ____ H8 __________ O __________ X ·-------------- l _______ No cl.ala enforceable a,ahst real property while X8
1 occupied by surviYiDir spouse, child, or childrea. 1
cs .. APPG 4 U a.>

X ------- No claia enforcea.ble against re&! propertr while
occupied by survhinK spouse. 1~ E1penses ot la.st
illness, buri&l, and adainistratioa are allowed
u prehrred claim.

l>
-I

0

Ientucky ______ 1X ____ 1_____________ 1____________ 1_________________ 1X' 1 _____ _ costs of adllialstra tlon allowed as preferred claim._ ____________ X'" _______ 1

Maine ________ _

r,.,,
U)

sun hi.DK spouse.

C;
0

,.,,

percent -150 percent.

X

---

Iowa

.,,

r

::0

•• I - - - • • - • - - • • • - • • • •

Geor1r ia ___ --- •
ldallo --------- ------ ------------- ------------ X ---------------1 X ------- No cl.aim enforceable while property is occupied by
su"iviDg spouse or dependent children. SlOO tunera.l expenses and costs o1.. administration allowed
u preferred claia.
No cla.i ■ enforceable if propertJ ia occupied bJ surIllinois.----X ------- - - - - - - - - - - - - I - - - - - - - - - - - - I - ----Yi Ying spouse. e
Indiana -------1 X ----1 M' ----------10 ----------1 I _______________ IX ______ _ No claim enforceable while property is occupied by

,!!

n
2E
,.,,
l>

Florida ------ -1------1------------ -1------------1-----------------1 X -------1 Cl.aim ■ost be waiYed If rec1p1eu leaves widow or
■ inor children liable to bec011e public charKeS.

1·-··-· 1··· ----------1----

,.,,
C

Al.&bll.ll& ______ _

Arkansas _____ _

-I
l>
-I

_________ -----------

1

perceat.
50
50 peroeat.

50 perceat.

5)

percent.

Ha171&ad ······

1······ 1············· IO·········· 1'··············· 1' ······· 1Nooccapied
cl&l ■ eaforceable a,alaat real property wlllle 1•·····•····· 1··········· 1ll0
b7 1a"1.TiRI apoue. Clata for taeral
ezpe-■

11") ....... .................

percent.

allowed.

Muaacbaett■ • ,•••••• , (U) ••••••••
Hlcbl1u ••••••••••••••••••••••••• Problblted••••••••••••••••••• ............. I•••••••••
•••••••-•••••••••••••••••••-••
Hiaaeaou. ____ _
I ............... I I ....... I•.•••.••.•••••••••.••..••..••••.•••....•.••...•.•• 1I ......... .

1

Hls ■ lsalppl

I .•••••• 1No cl.ala eaforceable aralut hoaestead while occu- x■ •••••••••
pied u aach b)'su"ivh,r spouse ordepeadeat ■ iaor

•••

I...... I............. I............ I

Aaoant reqnlred II' Federal
l&w,

5l perceat.

cbildre ■,

1......... 1...................................................

Nlaaoarl ••...•
I .•.••.••...••••
Noatua •.••..• 1..•.•• 1•••••.••..•.• 1•.••..••.... 1I ............... 1I ....... 1No cl&I■ eatorceable while real property Is occupied
bJ aa.niYiq sponse or depeadeat. llOO 1a.Denl

Not to exceed 50

perce■ t,

expeues ud costs of adaiDistratioa allowed as
pretel'Ttld cl.al•.
Nebr- ••••••

I•.••.• I............. I.••..•.....• 1................• I I ••••••• I No cl.ala eatorceable

aral■st real property while 1············ 1··········· 1ll0 percent.
occupied bJ sanhlar spouse or child ot recipient
or apoaae.
Mo claia eaforceable a1alut real propert7 of the -----------•1----- .. -----t 50 perceat.
recipieat while occapied bJ su"hia1 spouse or
haeral espeuea, expeases of last
depeadeat.
illaesa, ud cbsts of adllialstratioa allOlled as
preferred claim.

Ne-········ I······ I············· I············ I················· IX·····•··

New llupshlre • IX

•••• I H ••••••••••• 10 •••••••••. I•••••.••••••••••• IX •••••.•

No cl&! ■ e■ torce&ble •r•hst re&l property wh Ile
occupied •• & h - b7 sunhlor spouse. SlOOper-

- - - - - - - - - - - - • ___________ 1

Hot to ezceed 50 percent.

------------ 1 ----------- 1

Proportionate share,

sonal propert7, funeral expenses, ud coats of
adlliaistratioa &llClfed as clai•.

~-:~·.T; Ix •••• 1H •••••·••••• IH..•.....•. 1•••••.•••••..•.•• 1x ••••••• No

!

Nev lledco ••••

g
<O

;;:j

O"

N«th Carollu...
North D&l:ota •• , ••••••

M•••••••••• 1I ••••.••..•••••• 1I ••••••• Mo

~

C')

-

00

rv

I .•••••••••.••.• X ••••••• No cl&I■ e■torce&ble arahst real property while
occ ■ pled by HnlYl ■ 1 sp011se or depeadellt,
I" ..... I Cl&I■ --, be wahed It & widow or ■l■or cbildrea
■ a"he vbo are liable to becoae ·public char1es.

New Tort •••••• 1X ••••

"'Cl.

0
0

--------

!

le., - , be ■ade OD real property while occnpled
bJ saniYiar spoase. u $150 faaeral ezpeases allowed as preferred cl&I ■,

See

toouou■

at ead ot table.

Not to exceed 50 percea t.
CD

Proportl011&te share.

)>

(/)
(')

clai■

eatorceable a.rainst real propertJ while
occ•phtd bJ s1"iYiD1 spouse or dependent, or
ar&last persoa&l property not e1ceedh1 1200 ID
nlae aeeessaey for support, aai ■ teauce, ud coafort of aa"iYla1 spouse. 11.25 f11aeral expeues
aad adllhistn.tl01 espeaaea allowed as prefer~
claim.

50 perceat.

~

)>

CD

r

rn

(/)

•

~

Ta1>1e 10.-Provisions for Recovery of Cost of Old Age Assistance

I

St&l e

Re'1 u i remea t
!or extt uti on
of ai reeme n t
Li ens I by r K ipie.n t
to

re ill.bu rse

i o•erameatal
unit

Re'1 u i remea t

!or a.ss iga111ent or
t r.sns !er o(

p roperty

Rec o Ye ry ia cas es
wher~ r ec ipient
bec OPae.s posses se d

ot p roperty or income in e- xcess ot
nee d or a.mou 11 t

s t at ed in
a._p ~lic,1. t ion

Fro■

Recipients and Their Estates-Continued

Rec overy
!rorri.
M tate
upon
rteath o r

Li ■ i

tat i o as oa r ecov~rJ from e::nate

r ecipi en t

Recover;· i n

Zb t e \Jl

c&.se.s o r
ais rep res ent a t io n o r
co ac ea lmen t
o f 1nco~ o r

b. t ~re-:5, t

prope rt y

ch.iri; ed
on stuns

.:- na ted
&11.J r e cov~ rec!

CD
~

•

en
Por t 100 ot sums
reco v~r ed pa id t o
Fed~r;s l Gov~ rn111en t

I

r

Ok lah oma. _____ _

-- -- ---- 1X ___ _

A~u a. t r e1 u 1 red b)· fe~ ra.l
1....

X ·- -· ·· -

Pen.o s )' l Yanh ••
Rhode l ~ land __
So uth Carolin a... l ___ ___ l t ul ______ __

X - - ··--·
X ------- 1No c l& im ento rcea. ble aa&in s t real pro ~ r tr 1itb il e
occup ied by su rv ivl ne spouse . SlOO funeral e.s: peas e.5 !.ll°"e d .

Te xas ___ ___ __ _

I " I ----

0

Vemoat _____ __

X

;;.
a
~

Viriiaia. ---- --

0

-

00

Wu hin Rton

----1x•• __I oto --------- 1oto _______ _

Weot Vi r Rin i a

-1X ----1-------- --- -- 11") ______ _

(v

Wi ac.on.sh ----- I xn - -

lien e11!or cea ble aca.ia s t rea.l proper t r while
occupied bJ so rv i Yiar s pouse . ~a Fu ne ral ei~ as e:s , proba t e !et-s, and t ,u es allowed a.s pref t!' r r ed
claims .

o ______ ____

X ___ ____ No cla i 111 e nf o rce a ble against property while oc cup ied by s orviviag u1u11a.rried spouse o r dependent
child r en . SlOO h aeral e1peases and Sl50 docto r
a.ud hospi ta.I e1peases al lowed .
Xu _____ j No leTf or liea en f o rceable a r ainst real prope rt y
v-bile occupied b7 sunhha- spouse. 10

lien enfor ceable &g&inst Ll011e5tead while occ upied bt s11r•hia g apou se o r a urvhhg a t ■ or childre• . it

r

-r,
l>
::0

m

r

en

r

l>

-I
3

('

-- ------- 16 perce nt -1 50 percent .

3

1 - · ---- · - - · - · - -- · - ·

I~--·-- -

Not to exce ed ~ percent.
50 pe rcent.

50 pe rce.Dt .

I X1 1 __ _ ____ _

X --- ---- ! Li en aot enforceable asaillSt real propert7 oc c upied
by s arv hiaa- spouse. es $100 fan.e r11.l expea·, " s al. •
I.owed 119 prefe r red cla1D1 .

-'- ------ 1No

:e

m

G)

No t to erc e~!J ~ ~rcent.

I

1------

C;
0

------- 1No

(")

m
Propo rt ioaa t e .s tla re .

.l

Utah _______ __ _

"'

50 percea t.

X ··- --··
X ---- --- 1No clcliat enforc e able a.ea inst r,eal pro~ rt1 wbile
occ: uoied by su rvi vill g s pouse o r d"!peadea t ch 'ildren .
S100 !uaeral e1peases aad cos ts o f a<bllhistn t ion
allow,:d ag pret e rre 1 c l a i111s.

Te nnessee ____ _

cg·

u,.

X --- --- -

South Dako ta __

m

"l1
C
a,

Pr oport 10 :1.Uf! $ h,ue.

'Jh io -- - - - - ----

IJ re~o•

~

-I

50 pe r c:eat.

3 perce at •

I 50

percent .

0

z

.Ala,ta __ ••••••

0 ••••••••••

Dhtrict ot Colabia,

0 ••••••••••

tlawaii ••••••••

~ ...... .1

J'

0

,t,

ij
~
~

0

0

aro

--- -.. --. 3 percent.

Clai• eaCorcuble at d•atb of recipitAl or survhor

!j()

perceat,

I !j()

perceot,

o.f a recipient married couple.

:10 ::,erceat.

l ...... .

I iadlcates that tbe provhloa applit'S witbout li11ttatloa in a 1he1 State.
N iadtcates that it is ■ aadator1 upon welfare ottlcial ■ to require applicut or recipient
to e1e-cute a1rttaent to rei ■burse or tor recipient to truster proprrty or iaterest ia
propert1.
O hdicates that it is discretloury with welfare officials •hetber acree~at to rehtbarse sb&ll be executed or whether recipient sllall tr11sfer property or iaterest iD. propertJ.
1
Recover, pentitted for uoant of assistance paid h eicess ot a■ouat to wbicll recipint would baYe been otherwise entitled.
arotal aid constitutes & debt to State Hd COHty b ■ t allall aot CODStit ■ U & lie ■ apoa
propert, of recipient.
1 Rtt.o'fft'J peni t ted for doable the aaoall ot uala1.uce paid la e1cess of aaoaat to
wbicb tteipieat would have been otherwise ealitled.
"Aereeaeat ■ust be executed ud aclr.Oowledred ia tbe tor. aDd Maaer reqllired for the
transfer of u iaterest in real propertt, and constitutes a liea which aa, at ant tiae
durinii which th.e amount re■ains DDpaid be foreclosed ia behalf ot tlle State. Co•issioner
of welfare ■a, allow beneficiar, to occupy ·such rr-al propeny.
6 Recipieot •ust, if required by tbe c01aissioner of welfare, assien life i ■saruce
policy, baak account, or other per90nal propertf to tbe co■aissiouer.
•u spouse is aot ■ore thaa ~ years younQ'er U1u recipie■ t ud bas aot rearrled, &Del
U ao creditors have filed clain against tbe estate.
7
A■ouat of assistance obtaiaed b1 false state11eat, wilful •isre-preseatatioa, or other
•oluau.r1 device constitutes a lin upon all personal property of recipient.
8 Applicant 11ust assign as collateral securitt tor rei•burseweat aoch parl of bis persoaal property aD the local df'J)art.eat reqoi~s.
9
State board aa1 require a. absolate coneya.ace of property of a■ applicut. Tbe deed
■ 1Hn1 such coaveyaace ■ ust resene to tile 1rutor ud llis spouse a life estate h said
propertt and a• opt io• to tlle frutor ud bis heirs to repurcbue Uie propertJ b1 repay■eat of the total a■ount of assistance paid to the recipieat.
10
It spouse is not ■ore tl!.aa l5 years younger tiaa recipient aad has aot ttaarried,
11 Recoverable oa death ot recipient or sunivor of Mrried couple. SW •ust be allowed
for burial upenses.
12
Rate not specified,
13
Provided spouse is elirible for old •ie assistuce or will reach a,e of elieibility
within 5 years fro■ death of recipient and bas aot re■arrie-11.
16
Applicaat required to execute penal boad for excess of eqaitt over 13,()(X) cwaed ii
real estate upoa which lte actaally rnidf's.
16 PrOTided spouse is not aore tba■ lO 1e.an 1ouaaer Ula■ recipient.

u,

Proport ioaate share.

X ···----1 Ho clat ■ eaforceatlle a1ah•t propertJ Hetipted bJ ................. .
law.

Wyo,liaf -···-·-

Publlc .eltare official .., accept a deed ot nal propertf and/or a aort1a1e tbereo■•
Propertt .., be redee.ed 1 ,ear froa date of co1ve1aace of 110n1ace bJ repa.,-eat ot uaistaace.
17
Public welfare district araated a pttferred clal ■ aa:aint uy ias•raace beld b7 ap11

plica ■ t.

18
Riiht to use property for lite rewned to recipi" ■ t. Upoa rei■barseaeat for anhtaace property •ust be transferred to recipieat or aurvivlaa ·spoase. Personal propert7
■ 11 be reassi1ntd or traasferred to recipieat or su"hhr spouse without reillbune ■eat
for usista ■ ce 1r.aated if for tbe best hterests of recipient or ·sanhiaa ·spouae. All
insurance lleld bJ a recipie ■ t i ■ e1ces1 of 1250 •ast be placed uder tlle truteeaHp of
Ue State u A auarutee for re-pa,-eat of assistance.
11
Ia cue of coacealJtnt or ■ isrepttsentation tbe aa,■ at of assistance calaed bt sucll
■ brepresentatioa •a.st be collected at t•e dea.tb of tlle recipieat ia additioa to tbe
total &110uat ot aid paid.
80
Tbe cbief of tbe Division of Social St-carlt1 aa.7 require &D applicant to rive a aortraae on bis real properly to tbe a-eaeral treasurer or a powr of attorae7 to sucb cbiet
to 114aa,e said applica ■ t •• property.
11
Upo■ de&tb all sa• paid coastitDte a lien oa estate of recipient enforceable for
tile benefit of tbe State aad tlle United States . No Heb lien shall be enforced while real
property ta occupied by sani•i ■ 1 spouae, wtio is not aore tM.a i:; ,ears yoaae:er Oa ■
recipieat aod oot reNrried.
8
&-rbe State Drep.art ■tat of Public ""lfare shall, under ■o circa■:stance!i, re,quire tbe appllC&at for benefits to siiia a lien agree.eat, ackaowledgaeat of cl.at ■, or110rt1a11:e ia aay for■•
r:,Pro•ided tbe estate bas a co11biaed assessed •aluatioa ot less than S3,00'.), ao recipiassistance, e1ce-pt for ■ ssista.ace obtained
eQ.t ■ a, be required to reimburse State tor
fraudulently or coatrar, to law, .aad ao Hen or ■ortaaae shall be taken 011 the estate of
the re-cipient.
14
Upoa deatb of reclpieat, where there h ao desceada.nt of first or secoad de1ree h
direct line and wllere coabined •alue- of llowe aod furniture ls S3,(X)(). 1 clal• for tlte
1.01.al &110uat ot usistaace ■ust be filed 1ad allowed u other claim are.
Hu aarriaae did aot take place after April 11, 1935, aad spouse llas aot re■arried.
Hguective oal1 U essential to obtain Federal participatioa.
17
Applicant •ust assi1ta any insurance pollct iiraatina death benefits.
aeUaless such persoa is a widow wbo bas remarried or tbere is • threatened or actual
sale or transfer ot Oe prope,rty. Real propPrty to value of, Sl.~ and personal property
to value of Sa:>o eieapt fro. P1erclse ot anr liea.
Hllen ■ay be released bJ coyn if roud aecessar, toprOTlde for 111,iate ■aace or spouse
or aa"iYiar childrea.

a.a,

CD

)>

en

(")

--t
)>

CD

r

ITl

en

•

<.D
U1

Tabla
H4xiflum
,\l lCN3 tlC~

S t1t1 ,

Al,bdffld

Hia1 11um
,1.llowa.ac("

l pt"' r mon th

I per nont b

unlit'5~

ua l e ! .!J

o t ht"rwise
spec 1 Cied I

o thentlSt'

11.-Provlaions for Granting and Financing Old Age Assistance

Go vernmeau.l unit
d"ten11la111 11 arwouot

I

Bu rial

respoasi.b1l 1ty

Al lo'ofa ac e
Cou11. ty

St&te

.4.dviso r t

&sis t or distri bution of Stat" tuad.s

---· ·· 1S75.

If

10-

State _..• J Co uoty

SlOO.

0

'f;;;

Stu•

Count y ___ ·-·- ----- ~

• •• ••• •••

Co l ori!.d o ••• ••• 1 $4 5 15 ___ _____ _

SIOO -····- I Coun t1 ·-·

Co noect1cot ••• S? per w.-•ek ••
D.!-1.twa re ______ S2.5 ______ ••• •

S !25 ... _.

S!OO

cr

C;
0

r2ro

-1Sta to
· ·---- 1Stat•

. .. _

SJO .•••••.•••

· -· ·
St a te• _. _

Gt-ori'u. __ _____ S:50 --- ---·• -· -

s15 ····--- I Couat r . ..
10 ) __ _ _ _

I Towa

j s:io" ---- ---·

S100

lodi••· -- - --- -

I s:io -- ---- -- - -

$75

-1 $25 _ -- - --· ·- _

b .11sas --·-····

2

t J •..•..•...

15

(IH &P P,HG1 1

&.I

--·-

______ j Par lsh __ _

("')
~

m
r...,,

i l' J ____ _

~

►

percttt of aroou.t1t

::CJ
l'T'I

r

State apportions funds to counties upot1. r equest_

l'T'I

G'l

l --- .. ·-

State disbu r ses funds to it1.d tv iduAls

State disburses fu nds to i aduiduah

---i

State r ei•bu.~es count y t or 90 ~rcent o f arnont
e xpend~ for asshuace and &dmuist r a.tioo. •

0

pcr-1 10 percetit.
cen.t.

90

MS por-

I

60

por-

State disburse, tun.ds to udindoA.ls

I Co unty

-- 1l

I 40

State reitllb arse, coun.ty fo r 60 percent ot &.1110uat
e l ptn.ded. 1 4

per-

cent.

Sta t e disburses t oads t o hd h id1als

--- - ---

:lO

por-

I 70

State r eimbu r se, cou11t1 f or 3:J per c e ot of H peudita r e l ess cost o f adJ11ia i s trat loo.

porcen t.

State d isbur ses toads to i ad h i d aals

l ------75

pe r-

cent. 11

Hai,._ __ ___ ____ l l :J> ··· -·· ·-· ·I ( 1 1 ______ I SlOO ____ __ IS t at• --··'-·---- - --1 l ______ _

U)

r

►

z

County reimbars~ Sta t e fo r 3~ perc n t of aJIIOUOt
eipeadl!d . Sute d i sbu rses fun.ds to iad iT idua.ls. 11

33~ perceat. 11

X - ------

c ent .

State ..•.

eipeaded. 5

CD

r

X • -· ·---

-- ·

SIOO ______ jCouot1 -·-

th~

St.ate d i sburses fonds to hdl v iduala

-·--- ICouatr -··

SIOO _ -- - · - 1Sta to

Fu ods proutN &fflOftll
couot 1es.

. ___ I l . ·- _...

cent.

--- ---1 Sl5 ---··--·-·
Louiaiaoa -----11 1 ) ·- --··---- 111 1 ··----I SIOO

K•nt uck1

------ 1Co uat1

C

State re1111burs" countt fo r

pcr- , ~O ~ r cent.
cea t.&

cent. 11

Illinois ______

Iowa __ _______

---i

State disbun es funds t o udh idua.ls

1 ______ _

100 p, r cen t . 7

Coanty - --

~

"<

·-·-11•1_____ ,

Arkan!&"' ____ __ 1• 1 ·-. - · ___ __ , 1• 1 -- -- ·-

-----·--- 1I

►

-0

State allocates to co1:111tie-s ~ pe rcent ot l!Stl111Ul"'d ex~Dditure Cor euuu ir 3 11011ths .
lad 1viduals paid by State Departir1e11t o f Socul
~ nritt and i elhre by varr.act drawo upon StAa
aochtor.

cen t.

.J X ·- --- - -

C,h! ornu .• .. I Sl~4

Idaho _________ j 1 10 )

---i

m

UD lt

per- 150 ~r-

~
cen t.

Co unty -·-

suff1c1eat,

Fll)rida _______

U)

Proc("dure ta c a s e o f
u1s11ft1 c 1eac1 o f
State fu nd s

Other
l oc al

$~C1t1~dl

---- --- IS:!O ' --·--- ---

Anion,- --- - -- ! S,O -··· ------ ! 1•1

•

Iacideac.e or tiun c bl

ot 1ndtvi 11ual li! rant
Fu1.il

~

pe r - St a te r e i 111b unes par ilhes f o r 75 pe rceat of e-1ctut
pead iture tor H ei a tance a.ad !>O pe rc ent or e1 lparlah L pe■ditu re t o r ad11i1htr a tlo n . 11

25

St a te disburse, fund s to hdh' iduah

Fa1ds prouted &M>Dlif a;,pr o..-~ a pplica ■ t,.

f ~.,.... ------I= --- ------ [------- -

---1- --------1 °!!,:'.'-

-1 " ~ -- --- -I ili,,.,

f

I

3:111 por-

ce at .

I 33lo

per -

kit1 of
ilalt i •o r t>) .

s:io" --- -1-----------1 Town -----1---- -----1

l&S por-

J Jij per·

ceot.

c~nt
l tOWII I,

Hlc bl2• "----- - -I ~

Mi DG.l!!IOt&

----------1- -- -·· · ·•• I Sl:i() ------1 Suto ----1--- ------11-------

-·- --1 S30 17

- - ------

-- -1 Sl5"

------ - -

Mi ss i ssippi

------1Sl'.J
1

Misntan
so ur• i____ ___
Mo

20

SlOO

665 per- 133¥ per-

- --

cen t. 18
x_ _____ _

Couo t y -·-

I --··---

I') ___ ___ SIOO ___ ___ Co unty __ _

Nebr.,ka ------I S30 ·-·- · ·----IS5

--- ----1 $75

N.. ada ____ -- --1-- ----- ____ ---1 s30rt ___ __

No w IIMpshire

----- - 1Count7

----··--1--------·-1···········1st.\te ----

2 ) __ _ ___ _ ___

-11' ) __________ [ 1•1

_____ _

Co unt 7

·--I

St..tr 13

••

83¼ por-

j l55 per-

c en t.

c rcit .

State

I To wa

---125

porcen t. l!f:

or

175

prr-

25

State disburses funds to counties in Oe ratio of
the population of eacb county to tbe total populatioa of tbe State.

-------125

>.

cent .

pt-r-1 State disburses

c en t
lc o unty

o r townl.

6;c.
,:.
a.

1
) _____ _
----1 (fl"J I-·--------1(
--1 x -· --···
_______ __ !") __ ___ s~
I )·-·-··-1
__ ____ S'. ate°'o --1------r ____ ___ __
per· 1~
c ou cil'f
publi c

"'

0
0
00

~

cen t.

30

pe r -

crnt.

30

""" l! a r r
distric t5 .

$!

C;

~

North Caro li a.i .[ S~ ----------

1- - - - - - - - - -

Cou nt y"

p,r-125cf!ntperceat. 31
.

-1---- -----125

~t

See footaotn at ead of table.

aao11 ap-

p~r- 1· . - .. - . -1 State and county faads paid into co•biaed old aae
u
a.sststaace fund and disbursed to iadhidaal.s upon
warrant of State coaptroller.

..rf'rst"f-----1 S30 -···· · ··· · l·······-·-1s100 ---- --1Cou11t1 ---1 --- ---- --197!f
per-112'; perrs.• openo.1 1 1.1
crnt_u,
cent . rt,

C l tf

IFunds
prorated
plicuts.

cent.

Nev

NN He1ico
New for k ______

St11,te rltl.Jaburses towas for M of total IJIIQoat e1pended troa town funds after alloc11,t iD.1 Federal
11ruts.
State disburses toads to iadhiduals accordin1 to
rules ud re11ulatioas of State old aae assistance
bureau.
State reimburses coaaty for 66li percent of tbe
aaouat expeaded. Ut
State disburses funds to hdividuals ____________ J Total uouat of a.ssistance
11ust not exceed appropriations.
State disburses funds to iadhiduals
Cooaty reiaburses State for 165 percent of a.aouat
e1peaded.

ceo t.

X ---- -- -1 I --- • · ·-

-------ICoun t 7 - ··

couat y.13

u

State pa,s Ml percent ot local expense----·----

c;~nt

!ands to i ■dividuals. County or
tovn rei11burses State 25 percent of 4110ant e1.pended for persons for wb011 tbe coaaty or towns
are liable. 1•

State reiaborses county for 871' percent of amount
e1pended, but if no Federal aid is nailable,
tb.e State reimburses tb.e coonty for 75 percent
of uouat expended.
State disborses funds to individuals
State reimburses citr or coaatr public welfare
district for 50 percent of aid 2raated to persons for wb.ose support State ia aot responsible
and entire cost of assist&ace iraated Indians
ud persons witboat leeal settleaeat. ao
State rei ■baraes cou ■ tJ for 25 percent of tbe
uoant e1peaded . 11

(ll

►
en
("')

-4

►

(ll

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m

en

•

<.O
-..J

TablB

ll.-Provlslons for Granting and Financing Old Age Asslstanc-Contlnued

co

Cl)

11.Ui.JIIUIR

Sute

I

Hin. i ■ Ulll

allow.1nce

al lO\la. nc e

lpcr aont h

otbe rw ue

f~r IIIODtb
unlf'SS
Othe rw ise

specihedl

s~citiedl

UIJ l f' SS

Nortb Dakota .. I I 'I

Buri a l
al.lowance

Gove rn"'ent a1 unit
detenninin)? al'!Ount
of individual liraot

Fual

Advisory

•

lnc1dt-ace o ! financial
respoasibil 1tJ
Basts tor d1 stn b ut1on of St ate funds

St ate

C.O oaty

usu ft 1c L'"ncy of

Ot he r
local

ICouatr .. 1a; P<''·
54

15

pe r-

Ok. lah o111.1 ______

cent. 3 4

, or 15 percent of t he

re-1mbune-s Sat t

amouat e:r~nded i n ei:cf'ss o ! the all'IOUot provided

State d isburses tu.ads to iod 1viduals
Individual appll.c., ltioo5 pa.1 d by State tb. r ou-:1'1 t he

SlOO ······1Sl&te ··· ·1 ·· · ····· · 1 X ..•....
( :,fl ) ____ __ Sta.a ____ Coucny __ X ______ _

s~ ······----

m

~

Co uuy

count7 caoaot prov ide 1t.

36 ___ ____ _

l>

-f

Sute fund5

b7 theFedera.l Goverru1e-nt. The Sta te may prov1,Je,
u a grant or loa.o. the co unt1 1 s sh a re 1! the

----------1$3()

-f

Ulll t

S40"..... l £75 •... . .. ! State . . . .

cent.

Ohio

(I)

Procedu r e in cue o f

Sta.te 111ust levy tax sulticieat to rMte up defic.ieac1 in Sut~ public
W"elta.r t- l und bot no t tn
~ .1'Ct'S5 of SUII .\;>p ropri ate-d aad cbarteAblt to
such fund.
Total &1110unt of S tate Cunds

appltcati.011:s.

Or•ion .•• • •. • •

Js;io .......... ~ 12 1 · · · · ··I··

••• 1Couat1"' •

l·•······• l 25 P<' •-1 125
ceat. :,

P<' •-

cent. 31

State d ubo r se .s

fuods

re hrburses Sta.te for

to

0

.. 11"'1 . . ....... 11"'1 · ····1· -•- ····•• • leount1 .. . 1..... .. .. 1, .... .. .

Rhodo Island .. I s:,, ••

..... ... 1I')

St&te ..•. 1.•.. ..•. . 11 ....... 1. ........ ) X .•...• • Suu

...• .•

~

Sou th Caroliaa.. l 1240 pe r year .

"<

So ut ~ Dakota •.

cr

C;
0

ar:;i

I D J •• •.. ••••• 111 1 · ···• · 1· ·

rei111burses city a.ad to'lif:l
ad■ io istratlve

t or entire

M1Cuat

e1penses.

-----

X ..•.••.

State disburses funds to udiv i.duals

J. • . • . • . •

State d isburse s fuad:s to 1Ddi.t'iduds

Fud:s prorated &lftODC app l icants.

Co11 at1 co.atribate:s t o Su.te 12ij perce1t of &11ouat
e1pe.oded f or sssist1u1:ce.

Ord i.u r r ope ratila exp~~
of State •us t be paid, and
in c,ne ot def 1c i eac1 ap-

.•..

37~ por·
c ent . 4Z

112~ por·

c e11t . 41

pr op ria t i. 005 to r old aae
asslstaace •ust be r e-

duced o r di sconth ued.

·········· 1··········· 1 ("
r.,.. ········· 1s;io •• ······ ·· 1
Utab • • ••••• •••

s:,,•• ..................

I. ... . .

Sl50 • · • •· • Coull y or

dlatrlct.

l ..... . .

85 po r•
cea t.

115centpo. r -

[ nd i wid ua.ls p&id bJ Sta t e t hroul( h local ageac,..
Coa ■ t J

m

(j)

2

__

T••••••ee . .. .. 1s25 . .. •• . ...• 1.......... 11100 ...... 1State

m

r

l>

St a te• __ _
..• 1Sute"

Tl

l>

-f

expended f or assist,aoce bu t c 1 t7 and towa l'IUS l
p&J local

~
r

r

County board sub■ its budeet t.o St&te departaeot
as the basis of al.loc&tloo of Sta te !uods f o r
assis tance a nd ad ■ iaistr.nive cos t.

'f;;;

(")

(I)

udiv1duals. County

25 perce111. o! the amo!lnt

e1pea,1ed.

~ ...,1 ... ; •

r

::0

a.vaila'blt':' coas1de r M w:hett
pa.ss1.n c upo n i ndividual

co12ntr &ss i stuce board.

C
tD

re imb un~s Stat e tor 15 percent of U10ua t

of • ■-la taace 4nd ad11l• is trathe cos ta.
dhborsn toad• to ia diY tdu l a.

State

Fuoda pro r ated
pl i.caa t s.

&1110 ■ i

ap-

Yer.oat

-------r

Yireiaia ••••••

sw ...... rsuu .... !Town

S30. fut11,
145.

sro•• •.•.....

Coon, or
city.

•••• 11

....... 1••••••••.

62!1 per--l 37¥ perCH,t.
cent.

State di■buraeo fuad1 to hdhiduab ••••••••••••1 Hoit aeedr reclpl11t1 ■c­
ceptod.
State reilbarsea contr 52¥ porceet of tbe uoaat
upended darln1 tb• procodhe 110atb for cost of
assiataace and adaiaistration froa 621' perce•t
of federal 11ru.t !or assiataace and State fnds.
371f perce■ t o1 Federal era ■ t for assistance paid
to tbe seTeral counties aad cities oa tlte bash
of the total uounts disbursed for old ace uststaace bJ sacb counties aad cities darin, t~e
period for wbicb such eruts are aade. ,.,

Slll 11

Wu1th1to1 ----

•••• ISlOO

•••••• !State ••••

l _______ (l

-------1--------.I Perceat of

co■tribatlo■ bJ State not ·apecified.
State disburses faads to i ■dhlduall.

Suto •.•• I CouatJ •• I I •••••••

West Yirehla • I W ...•.•....
Wisconsi1 ••••• I SI per daJ •••

SlOO •••••• I CountJ •••

Ell

State fands allocated i ■ couaties ia proportio■
to aaaber of cases ud cost of liYiD.1.

per- j a:>

cent.

per-

ce■ t.

State rei•bursea couatJ for 80 perce■ t of tlte
aaoaat expeaded.

I

hllds prorated..,., cooaties accordi ■ 1 toaaoaata

paid bJ
Wyo■ he ••••••• I Slllu ••••••••

11 1 1

State •••• ICountJ •• j 50

per- 150 perceat.

t~e■ •

State aatclles county fuads bJ ,iruts-ia-aid"1 __ _

ce ■ t.

Alub •••••••• IS45 ••••••••••

District of ColWlbia.

11 11

•····· J··········I

Terrltor1-I---------JTerritorlal
en11111c1.

r••-

1••1 ...... ,District
of Colu■bi&.

Haw.ti ••.••.•• IS3'.l ·········-1··········1····

CouBtf • • -

District
of Coh ■biL

'l,rrltorJ.

l indicates tbat tbe proTtsioa applies without limitation ia a ,ihea State.
1

0

(Q

~

:i
c,-

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0

af"O

Chil War Tetera.as allowed S50. County is aatborized to secure hospitalbatioa for
physically incapacitated applicants eveB tboueb the amount eipended exceeds ma1ia1111 &1lowa.oce. In such cases State reimbune~nt must not exceed Sl5 per 110atb.
1Allowaace is an aaouat wbch, wbea added to iacc.e, is sufficient tor reasoaable subsistence.
SCounty or district board of public welfatt; final apprOTal bt State departJteat.
4Allowa.nce NJ be increased to 140 per 1100th if Federal contribution is increased.
61! applicant has no county residence, State pays total a.mount. For tlte fiscal year
1938-1939 the SWI of S50C),(X)() per 1100th is appropriated by the State iD additioa to
all other aoneys appropriated for old age assistance. This appropriation is allocated
to each county in a su ■ which bean such proportion to the SUII of S5CX>,<XX> as tbe uoant
expended by that coanty for old qe assistaace duriD1 tbe s«oad aoath precedia, tile

Terrttory disburses fuads to iadividaals ------··

District of C.Oluabia disburses fa■ds to iadiTid-1 Additio■al appropriatioaa
nals.
shall be" ■ ade it fund■
are e1llauated darta1 tbe
,ear.
All expeas~ bcurred br the ·se-veral couaty welfare co•issioas att paid fr011 fuads Ila.de &Tailable to the• bJ tbe Territorial Boa.rd of Pablic
Welfare.
l!IOntb for which the allcx:atioa is mde bears to tlle total &110Dllt expended by all couatiea
for old are assistance daria1 the same ■oath.
8There •ust be no T&riation UIOIQ: recipieata ia tl1e uouat of iaca.e tltey receiTe froa
all sources, iacludiat assistance.
7Couat ies ■ast contribute 50 percent of ad•bistrat iTe costs.
1Throueh countJ or district welfare boards whicb act as a.rents of tbe Su,te depart.eat.
9State ■aJ use equalhatioa fund if county ls uaable to furaish support.
10 A.ouat wbicb wh~n added to inco■e ts sufficient for reasoQa.ble subsisteace. Aaoaat
paid by the State &ad county ■ ust aot e1ceed tbe &110u ■ t of Federal ~oatributio■•
11
A■ount of coonty contribution ■aJ be Y&ried if tbe State depart.eat deter■ iaee tltat
tbe county is unable to meet its obli2atioas.
u1n tbe abseace of Federal rraats for old ace usiatuce, allowa.■ce 1111st aot eEceed •~
per .antb.

CD

>

CJ)

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>
CD
r
m

CJ)

•

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<.O

TaolB ll,-footnotes Continued
18125 •axi■u11 allowed for burial plot U deceased or persoas le(l&llJ respoa!ible do aot
possess one.
u.State 111.y, wbea necessary, pa1 all or any pa.rt of cn"'t of local administration or
assistance.
16 State MY assume total expense if State department finds that parisa or district is
unable to pay its share.
18 Allowa.nce must not be less tbaa 150 per month far husband and wife lh'in,i together
and both eligible for assisu.nce, for 2 brothers or 2 sisters, or for brother and sister
living together and both eli2ible, and not less than Sl5 tor each additional elie:ible
brother or sister.
11 In event Federal fonds are not aYailable or are inadequate to pay ~ of all grants

0

cg·
;;.

"'a

~

C;
0
0

-

00
(v

coote.-plat~, county agency may reduce ea.ch old aee assista.nce grant by an amount equal
to such deficiency.
111 State reimburses county 50 percent of burial ex~ns~.
19
1 ■ the event Federal grants-in-aid are substantially reduced below 50 percent, this
act becomes ip'!lio facto null and Yoid upon public procla.aation of the Go•ernor.
zo$45 niaxi111un1 allowed for busbaod and wife if livioa: together.
ZI Amount graoted plus other income 11ust not be les'!li than S:30 per mo•th.
82 Law takes into consideration Federal contribution of 50 percent.
18 State ccnmissioner of public welfare deter■ ioes eligibili"ty of applicant and a.mouat
of assistance upon consultation with proper of!icials of counties or tOW11s required to
contribute to the cast.
14 It county or town finds it i ■J)O!!lsible to pay the uount~ required, it 11&y file •
petition with the State department reqoestina: finaachJ. aid. The dep&rt-"Dt uy with
the approval of the GoYernor and council loan or a rant to such tOWJl or county such UIOUnt
as 11ay be oecessary.
26 It applicant has no countJ residence, the State pays total a.aunt.
H1n ease of io'!liufficiencr of county funds temporary loans, notes, certificates of i■debtNlness, 01" temporary bonds must be issued.
17 Applicat ion 111ust be made to local off ice vbicb ioYestigates and 11a1tes report of fiodings
a.ad reco111nendatio11s to the State department. The State depart.eat decides questions of
eligibility and the uooot of &ssistance, bat it uy allow its local offices to determine
these questions.
211 Amount and nature o! allowance detennioed by public welfare- of!iciel.
Anount of
assistance fii:ed vith due regard to conditions existine in each case.
29 It recipient 1 s estate is insufficient and if there are no relath~ or friends able
and willing to pay, tbe district furnishiae assistance at tiae of recipient Js death ■ ust
pay full or partial cost of burial.
30
During such time as Federal funds are recehed br the State tbe above proYisioos are
IIOdified as follows:: old age a.s:sistance districts !count)' or city public welfare districts or any city !orning part o! a county welfare district electing to ad11inister old
aee assistaocel are responsible for 25 percent of thie asshtance provided to persoas
for whose support the State is not responsible aad the re ■ainine cost is borne bJ the
St&te and FN!eral GoYPro11ents.
81
City welfare officer in the city of Rocll:1 Mount U such citf is desi(fnated a loc&l
welfare unt.t.

81 State pa.J'!li 50 percent of coantr ad ■ iaistra.the expen'!lies and 50 percent of assistance
for r~ipieots with no countf residence. 1be act proYides for 50 percent contribution
fr011 the Feden.1 Government and further provides th.1.t upon failure of Federal funds the
act shall become null and void. An equa.liz.ation fund is established to be distributed
to the counties accordiniz to their needs. Ho county is entitled to share in such fund
unless a 10-mill levy has been 111ade to pay old age assistance and aid to dependent children. Tbe ainouot which aay be allocated to any count1 from the equalization fund ■ a1 not
ei:ceed I of the cost to the couotJ in e1cess of the amount produced by the ¥)-mill levJ.
85
)Hoi111u11 amount of allowance ■ust not De less than I~ per aonth for each recipient if
there is nore than l recipient in tbe fuily. It the &JIIOUDt of Federal contribution ei:ceeds $15 per 1t0ntb. the State aeency ha:s the o!Uthority to increase the 11ini ■ UJ11 allowance
i• an uount cort"esponding to theLincrea.se of the Federal· contribution.
84Tbe State pays 85 percent o! the cost of assistance in excess of the aaoont of federal
contribution.
56 $60 111.&Xi1tu• allowance for recipient and ·spouse.
88 Assista.nce paid on or after death of recipient ■ust be applied to funeral ei:peuses
a.nd debts of deceased unless estate less bo~stea.d is of 12)() •aloe or more.
87Couoty nakes award which ·stands until 11cxiified or vithdravn. !be State Relief Co.11ittee appro.,es ieach applicatioa. in an a110uat co11sisteat with ieTidieDCe of •eed aod available funds.
38
Law takes into considet"ation 50 pet"cent contribution of the Federal Government. State
rei11bursement includes both Co"lt of assistance and cost of county ad111intstratiYe expenses.
8
gState Board of Public Assistance establishes by rule and reeulatioo the aature ud
extent of assistance.
40 Ancwa.oce ■ay be ■ore ill e1:cepti011al cues.
41 State regional director acts jointly witb county official; if disaareeaent. State
department ■ ales final decision.
42
State contributions suppleaented by Federal contributions to extient of 50 percent of
cost of assistance. &otire cost of ad■ inistratioo is paid f,ro■ State funds and sucl1
Federal funds as 111ay be aade uailable,
48 State contribution NJ not ei:ceed $15.
44
Local administrati1'e agency de'!liie:nated by the State Old Age Assistance eo-tssioa.
t&one-twelftb of aYerage yearly incoae is deducted fr011 &1ount allowed. Additional aid
■ aJ be aiYen for hospitalization, ·special diet, or ■e<hcal assistance.
48
Allovance 111ast not exceed SID per JDOnth wbea added fo iGcoae froa all oth@r sources. R~
cipieot who i-; eli~ible forCoafederate pension n1a1 recehe old aa:e assistance in an amount
equal to socb pension evf'o though such amount is iD ei:cess of old age uststance aa1i ■ u11.
47 Not acre than lO percent of the funds allocated to the counties and cities ••Y be uSll!'d
for local administrath·e e1penseis. It a county or city fails or refuses to pro•ide funds
the State board 111u.st require tbe local fUthorities to aake funds uailable. Ourinir the
period of refusal or failure the State ■ust uke payments ud deduct the aaouats so paid
fr°" future State reimburseaeots.
48 Allo-wance with other income and supp,rt must approxinate l!J per 110ntb. It Coneress
provides l.trgl!r erants-ia-aid before Karch 31, lQJO, the State Depart ■eat of Public Welfare ,iay prol'ide larger erants.
°'State MF pay 1Argftr a111ou11t if county tu ts insufficient.
10 Reuonable tuner&.l u:peal!les.

.....
0

0

•

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Blind Assistance
101

Diot1zed by

Google

Table

:►.tend11:o.t1 0 D

A.d:'lhi.s t rative responsibilit y

Orieinal l'!eteraiu uoa

Certificateo f ph:rsicitln

or

Otri-

Supervisory

Direct

Adv isory

Final

l,w

I

I

2

•en

of (!:Htlb1lit7

!)etcminauun of bl111dnt.5.5

N&ture

S t &te

......

!2.-Provisiona for the Adaln i stratlon of Bl i nd Assistance

Recoa.s i de r a t 10n

,p~s.l ,•u tt revi,..,,,

I

-i

)>

~nodic

At

r,,-,ia>1i-

requ6t

nati on of
clal17
Ao7
a.ppli IU'sirphysicao t ' s
na.ted
c iu
e7esi2ht
phy•l-

-i

Revi~
.l pp,,•l or
"PPl ic.ut
t o .:iu.te

P@rtodic I of S t a1e
bo4rd or
de;:iart- dep.trtmcDt I

... u

f-'\,nher

by Stat e
depa r t-

tu~sti-

11ient on

'""

illl O~t o .a

-------1 --13tate ~.irt•ent of
H

1•1

Pub-

lic Welta~. 1
Ar izou _______ M .. Sta te ~par t~Dt at3oc u.l 3ec uri ty :ind Welfa re assis t ed by co unty board at socu.1 s ecu r ity and public wel!a.r e .
Sta te Deput~at of PubArta.as&S _____ H
lic Well a ~ .

----------1State

i:.,...-...,.t or Pub- I I• )

X'

lie We Hare. r

St ate :►-parttnell l o f Social Sec u ti t7 and Welfare.

Couut )' board o t
::iOCt&l

x• --1------ 13 , •• ,. -

5Kllti-

C

r

:: : : I I~-~:~-.~~~: I::"•
:t~-t~-:~::

:E

m
,-

-.,

bo.r~•

ty a..od pubhc

--:-J H --1C.O~ ntt

m

Gl

State ~portoect

of Pub- 1 Cou ot7 or

Uc Welhre .

boa "rd of u~r- j Sta.le Depa.rt-

v isors . .e

'f;;;

~

cr

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C;
0

r2ro

neat o f So-

1

cial we lfare.
Su t e Depa.rtneat of Publie Welfare.

de-1

Co l orado ______ \ H --1 Couo tr or dist ri ct
pa rt meat o f p a bl i c
welf are.

Coanec ti c1t __

.! H •• I State

CClm iasioaer of
We lfa re throu[ih Sta te
ba~au of o ld •fie .us is tazace ass i st ed by
chief e,~cathe authorl ty o f town .

~:~~_::: :I ~-::1 ~-: :~ -~~-:t-:~~--~~~~~• bro,, h distr i c t boa rd

ot soc i a l welfare .
loe&l- • • ··-··I H _ Board ot co1at1 c ma ba l ooen.

)>

Al

m

r

di•- 1 X ---1- -- --- 1------· -· 1---------II --- ---1 I __________ , _______ ____ _

tri c t hoard

ot

)>

-----, x•---- 1--------- I A.. ,.t1y_ \ ______ _-1State

C.Oua t J boa r d of supe r -

b oord- ,-------. -- - -

Tisors. e

I ---1--- --- 13 year., - !--- ------ 1I ------ 11----- -----1 I ----- ---- -1 X.

Cou ll t / or dhtdct de-

pe.ttaezat ot public vel!a re.
State bueau ~ old &j'e

&sais ta11ce .

Ch ief e1ecuthe
a 1 tbo rit1 of

Bureau of
old aee&:1 -

shta..ace . .,

t Olta,

--

------ --1 Distric t boa rd ot aocia. l wel!a r e .
Boa. r d of c oo ■ t 7 c01a l a.t loe eH.

. . . . . .... 1 St&~

......

en

r

-i

pubhc weUa re.
Cdif oraia

ttl

(")

wettare .

J _J

0

~

ratio11
by S tat e
1
de-partae..at

ci&J>
Al.abula

m

1
( )

-1 X ---- 1--------- IA..... I ~ -1 - ------- 1--

board . I St a t !! bo&td. t Stale bOft rd.

1------

---

0

z

Co■atr or district

gu,e Depart·
aeo t of Pu.bllc Welfare.

Geor(IL •••••• J K __ Couty or district departaellt of p11blic wel-

fare.
ld&bo••• --····~ N _ Coaaty welfare co•issioa.

de·I ·-·············IX ••• 1•••••. l l'L •••• l ......... ll ...... 11 •••••••••• 11 •••••••••• 1X.

part.Mat '1 p11blic welfare.

State Depart· Couaty welfare coalo·I .•••••••••..•. ~ X ... , .••.•.
aeat of Ptab- sioa.
lie Assist•

I(

1 ) •••••• ! •••••••••

IL ...... I I

..••••••.. ! X .•.•••••.. ! X.

aace.
Board ofco ■■ tJ c01111is• loaers or board of
coa1t7 saper• lsors.
Count7 barea• of public welfare. ,o

----------- ----1 X -- -1------ ,--·------ 1--------- 1----- • -- I------------1 --------- ---

State Departaeot at
llc Welfare.

CoultJ or d!o· 1 11
trlct lleJart·
ae ■ t of public
weUare.

llllaola•••• _._J N ·- Board of coaat7 cOIIIUes lo ■ ers or board of
coaat7 saperYisors.

Coutr b"1'<!aa of public welfare. 10
ladiaaa ....... .J N .., State Departaeat at 1'1ablic Welfare assisted
bf coaaty or district
lleJar-■ t of public

P■ b­

.1 •••.•• 13 rears _1••••••••• IX •••••• 1Slate

bcord. I ••••••••.••• I State board,

welfare.

Iawa.......... -l N .. State Board of Social

State Board ol Social! Cou■tJ - r d of
Welfare.
social welfare.

Welfare assisted by
the coa ■ tJ board of

social welfare.
Countf board of social
welfare.

wsas ........ _J N ••

I Couai7
board of social
welfare.

State !bard of
Social Wel·
tare.
leatact, ...... ~ 0 •• CoutJ co"1't ••••••••••• State Depart· I
llelt of Welfare.
Loaisiaaa _____ J M
Parish departaent of State Depart·
(a. @HDdla a.> I
public welfare.
•eat of P■ b­
llc Welfare.
Naiae ......... -l N •.I State Departaeat 01
Health aad Welfare.

I

l

--1

c;
lC

~

8.

Har,laacl- .... _~ M •.f CoutJ welfare -rd.
Baltiaore Departaent
of Welfare.
Masaacbasetts-~ 0 __ J Director at dhisi011 of
the bllad, Departaelt
of Bdacatioa.

CJ'

Nlchiru •••••• _,

I'• J_•••••••.•.•.•••••.

0

Hiuesota ____ _

Statebrdat Coatrol 11 •

'<

0
0
00

~

See

foot■ otes

at ead of table.

I X ·••I••-··• 11'1-····· I•.••••••• IX •••••• 1State - r d .1 •••••••••••• 1State -.cl,
State ap·
peal coaaittee.11

l••-·······••11 18 J.

Coaaty coart •••••••••• I •••••••••••••• -1 X ••• , •••••• , ••••••••• , ••••••••• , ••••••••

Parish depar-at of!
public weUare.

·············•-1 X ••• 1•••••• 13 rears .1 ••••••••• 1•••••••• I X •••••••••• 1X ·········-1 X.

State Departaeat of
Bealtb ud Welfare.

·········-··•·-, ••••• 1X

I

Board at State Coantr welfare beard.
Aid &lld0iar•
Baltiaore Departaent
I ties.
of Welfare.

··••I••·-···•• I••······· IX ••••.. 1Coais9bier
of laealth

•••••••••••••• -, ••••• , ·-····, ••••••••• , ••••••••• , X •••••

.!

ad""l.l&re.
State board

CD

.I State board. I State ..,.rd,

J>

CJ)

(")

-I
J>

Director of diYisiOD. of
the blind, Dep&rtae■ t

CD

r

of lldncatioa.

m

CJ)

State Board at CoatroLI •••••••••••••• J X ••• 1. ••••• I 3 ,.......11 •

I...••.... IX •••••• 1State boud 17•

State board.

....•

s

...

~

Table / ?.-Prov ision s fo r t he Admi ni s trat ion of Bl i nd As sis tance-Con t in ued
De ter ■ i na.t i o c

,\dm ioi :H nt ive r esponsib1l1tr
n gin A l

of

l&ll,1 1 A.11 ;·
C
dc3i -

Adv h ory

Final

i
nat eJ

phys1 c u.11

--·ICo unt;·

boa r ,j o ! publi c

weUo1.r e and cou nt:,·

acent . u

·-----1 M__I3 t a te

Co.111isslo a

t he Blind.

Coun t y boa. r d o! pu bli c
welf a r e and co un t y
aero l . l l

---

Sta t e Cornm i ,:;;ioc !or
th e }Hind.

St a t e-

>

~ DI

Boa rd o! Co nt ro l

1--

I

,,

reri ue st

ot ~ta t.ePe r uxh c I bm rrl or

ca.n t ' S

depa rt -

e:,•esi eh t

m~Dl

Appe..i l o r
app lt CArlt
to S t a t P
r1epa rtne n t 1

bi

3 t!ll C'

1 c pa.rt~

Dt

,,.,.

OD

ao u on 1

f urt her
1a,·es t i 15' 3tl Oa

b.)' Stat e
derar tine n t 1

Neva.da - - ------ l D-- 1 Boa. r do!county coaJ111s- 1Stat e Welrllre

~
;;;

I --1S tate

Ne11 Ua. ■pshi re - H

<D

a.

$

Depa r t!l'leat.

s i o ae rs.

New Jerse)'

&Dd

I" I __ --

L · - --- 1 X"- ------- 1x_ ___ . ____ _

t or ot
t- 1-- -. _-1---- --1-- -__ ---- 1A.n.nu.all;' -1 X _. ----1Su.te boa.rd -1-- ________ --1El1rec
a..ss is ta.uce .

------I" I -- -· ·- ·-- -

we lfar e boa.rd 1----····-· - ---

Count)' welfare bcnrd
and co1111iss1oner o f
S t a te Oep a. rtalf?nt of
lnsti t utioll5 acidAceac ie s Jo intly.

S t ate Co11111iss1oa tor the
Amel iora. ti o a
o f t he Condi t io a o f the
Blind . Hi

Sta te 0epa rt 11eat o r
Public Welfare . .,

l,,x ol of lice of

c OC1 ■ i:!sioa e r

of

State Oe partmen t or
h s t itu t ioH aodA aen-

0

ci.es joi nt ly .

Nev Me xi co • • •. I H --1S tate Department
Public We lfare.

o r I --

l"

State boa.rd - 1- - ----- - ----

X - -· -

Allll cnU,'"-1- -•· · · •• I l" J ·------

L--· ' · ···•• i l" l •••••

1.-.-- .. -. 1L

. - •• -1Stateboard

-1St &te

------

, .. 1.

board - I St&teboard.

Sta t e L>epa rt-

rneu of Publi c

IState Oe-part- 1Local
of Socl.al Vel!a re .

~n t

p'llblic welt&.re
oft ic ta 1. 10

r
>

-I

z

---- -

-- 1-. ---·--- 1A,mi., Uy - I· ---·· · - 1·--

(fl

0

We lfare .

New Tork •••••• 1M-- 1Local l'"'blic "'e l t a r e
ott lei a L 30

.,.,
,.,,
r,.,,
r
>

Gl

Couaty a.ss i s
&Ace c.orur,. 1t-

State cocnmi ss io• e r or
public we-l! a r e.

C;

arS'"

C OfflTllS -

,.,,

,0

1••1 - ---- -·

X- - - -

()f I --

Department
Publi c Welfare .

--·- 1H-- 1Co unty

Boa rd of c o JD ty
s i oae r s.

a,

r

(")

tee.

0

"'O
C

~

X"

Cout:1 t)' o r ci{Jt
prob.ite JU di e,

d epart11 en t of
pub lic we lfa re.

S tat e Boar:11 of Co atrol,
direc to r o f a ssi.5 u:1cr.

..

ph:.-s1 .

appl 1-

,.,,
-I

L _- -1 ----- -I - -- - -· --- 1- ---- --- - I L ---·- I x_ ___- · - - -- I L-- · . -- - --1 l.

Depart- 1Co uaty

o r Pub li e Welfa r e.

public 111e lf a re .

--- ---1 H -- 1State

S tat e De p3.rt.cnt of Pu blic Welfare .

to r

departlfteat o f

Ho c t ana _____ __ M __ Co unty

~e bra.5 ta

-I
ke v 1ev

At

Pe n orJ1 c

re --e1a111nau on ot

0 1( 1-

Supe r¥i sor y

D1rect

Lut

Mis.s oun

(fl

App~ :1 1 .i11,1 re v iew

~ rt 1! : ca. re
or ph >"-> i ci an

t un•

~1 s s1 ss 1ppi - - - ] M.

•

o f el i Ji 1b dit :,•

lklem1n.idon or hlu:uSnt- ~~l !<~coo.Hde n t ICJ D

de t l!." f'lll1.11A t 10 D

haS t,it e

0

· ·-·· · •--··-- •-------·· •-· · -····· • l"'J ... 1X.- -· · ·--·- 1 L . -·-· · --· 1x.

North Carolina-I H _ - J Board of county
si o oers. 81

co11111u-1 State

North Dakota . - I H . _ I Stat•

ielfare

Public

Co-ia-1

sion for the
Bliud.

State Public
Board.

Board assisted bycoun-

tJ welfare board.

Ohio _________ _ I H _. I Board of county coma issiooers.

I

State Departmeat of Pub-

188 LI lH _ -1---------1 Blaaau-

Board of couat7 co•i ■aioaers. at

IHI

---1 Stato

I

Welfare Couatf welfare I l
board.

I

Board of couot1 couis·siouers.

(

----1------1 l 11) ----1---------1 I -- ----1
17

co:;

mission.

.tllf, H

State board _I State board

-1

State board.

L I l ----1---------1 A.. aall1. I l ------1 State coe- I State commh3 ioa.

■ issioa.

lie Welfare,
co ■■ iasioa.

for tbe blhd.

Otlaholla .. ____

lH --I State

Welfare
Co11 ■ tssion
asshted
by co11ot7 assistance
Public

State. Public
Co•1ssioa.

.ieuare 1Coaat1 assi■ t-1------1------1---------1---------11--- - --1 State, coa-

State

■ iss1oa.

u.ce board.

coa-

■ issioa.

board.

Ore110• • ---- ••.

IM .. ICouut.J relief c.-ittee_ I State

Relief

County relier co1111i t tee..

l

Committ~.

Peaasylvaaia ••

lM --IC0an t1 board of ass i stance.

State Depart-1 Count, board of u s i s tme-o t of Pub-

----1----- -1------- --1-- -------1 l

- -- . .

-1 State Relief
C.-ittee.
x _________ _

ance.

li e Assist ance.

--10 ·· IState
Departaeat of Kducatioa. ae

Rhode Island
tSee •PPtD41• a.)

State Departae■ t of Ed..acatioa. se

Director of
depart.eat

of edocatioa. 80
South Carolin a_ IM .. I Sta,., Department of Public Welfare tbroaah
county depart■en.t of

Couat7 depart.eat
public welfare. • 0

of

l

----1------11 11 ) ----1---------1--------1 l

. _________ 11

----------1

l.

publ i c wel!are. 40

South Dakota -- IM

-- 1State

Departmeut of So-

c i al Sec ur ity.

g
<O

N

"'a.

D"
"<

C")
0

&

~

CD

Count, or distri ct of!ices of State Depart•ent of Social Securi-

1---------------11----1------11"'1-----1---------IX ------1 l

----------•------------

(")

-t

ty.

Tennessee

-----IM .. I Department

of Institutions a. 11.d Public Wel-

fare.

Regi oa.tl di r ec tor of
Depa.rt meo t of hsti tot ions aad Pu blic teltare co11c ur r eat l7 witb
coun t y j odge or cllairll&D

Ser fo o tnotes at end

o(

t able.

of couaty court. u

>
en

l

----1------1 (21 ) ----1---------1 l ------1 l ----------1 l ----------1 I.

>
CD
r
rn
en

•
.....
0

(.J1

f--"

Table 12.-Provisions for the Administration of Bl ind Assistance-Continued

0

a,

Aclministr&ti ve responsibility

Detenllination r:4. blindness I Reconsideration

Orieiaa.l detemi11atio11

State

Texu

Nature

---------1 M __

Direct

Sape"isorJ
Piul

State Board of Control,
division at public welfare, throullh local
ageacJ desiea.ated bJ

I

Advisory

At
Periodic
Appeal of
request
r~exuiOffilcially Any nation of Periodic of State appl ica.a t
to State
board or
desie- physi- a.pplidepart- departaeat 1
cant's
aated cia.•
a.!111
eyesitht
physiciaa
X ____ j 2

Local a,eacy designAted
by State Boa.rd of Cont rot, division ol public welfare.

ymr.54 ' -

(/)

Appeal ud reviev

C!-rtiricate
of physician

of
!Aw

•

Deteraiutioa of elieibility

-4

►
-4

ReTiev

Further

by State

inestiaation

de pa.rtD!Dt OD

by State

OWll

deparliM!Dl l

aotion 1

----------1 H __ ICoant7
or district depart11e1.t of public

welt are.
Ven10at_ _______ lM --1 State Departmeat of
Public Welfare.
Vlrrlnla

0

------1 M --1 CouatJ orcltJ

board of
public welfare.

Washlnrtoa ----IM

--1 Board of countJ
sioaen.

c.O

l

O'

C")
0

arJ

aen t of

PDb-

lic Welfare.

I

~

m

,,

X------1 {.. J -------

r

►

West Vlrrlala-lH--IState Depart ■ ent of
Public Assistance assisted by: COUDtJ public assistaace council.

Wiscouh.

-----IH _Jcou11t1

depart ■eu

t1

public welfare. 69 County pension d!partaeo.t.11>
CountJ judre.

,,aala1-------IH-.istate Oepart ■ ent of
Public Welfare assisted by COUDtJ. departllent d.

Alut& -----·--•----

public welfare,

State. Depart ■ eat of
Public Assistance.

State Peosio■
Departaen t.

r

______ , ______ , _________ , ---------, X------1 X----------1 X __________ j X.

m

G)

46

1

1__ ___ 1X------1

·-------

State Coml•-1 County <r ci tJ bo~rd of
sion for the
public welfare.
Blind.

Secari tJ.

1-

I

Coaat1 public
&ssistance
council.

(/)

·-----1 State

X ----1------11 21 1

Aaana 1-

coa-1 State

nually.

-------1·x

----1------1 !"'J ----

co.-

■ ission.

IState

►
-4

COll-

■ issioa.

Director of 1------------1 X.
social security.

i, .••

----1 Se ■ ian­

r

I---------■ ission.

-------! ------1 X ----1---------1

I

CoantJ depart ■ ea t of I·
public weltare. ta Coun-

X

------1

Board of re-

view of
State departaent.4"'
X

IX ----------1

{ 1.
48

----------1 X ----------1 X.

ty peasioa depa.rtlleat. 50

County judge.
State Deparuent of
Public Welfare.

Cl)

::0

Countr or district depart11:en t ol public
welfare.

Board of coaatJ ccaaissioners.

C

m

State Depart ■ eat of
Public Welfare.

cmai•-1 State
Departaento!Social

;::-,.:

•-::::

State Oepart-

"

r

0

it. 42

Ut&h

m

I

CountJ deportmeat of pub1 ic welfare.

IX ----1------1 {J -----1---------1 X ------1 State board_l------------1 State board.
0

0

z

Di ■ trict

laabJa .

ol. Co-

N -- I Board of coais ■ t o nn 1-- tPlr o uah de:atr aat e d

areac1 . H

ftawall ....•... I H •• I CountJ publi c wolf&r<!
c01111issio1.

I iad i cates tha t tbe pro•is loa a pp li n
Ml hdicates u.adatory pro•lsloas.
0 iadicatn optloaal pro•lsiou .

g
(0

;;;

"'

0.

~

C")
0

~

~

thr o u1h d e s i1aat ed
a1eac7 . 61

l ICounty
ITor rl tori•
ot PubBoard
l i c We lfare.

wltb oat li•ltati oa

- - '- · ·•-- IX'" . . 1--- -···•• I Aa ..14'

Bo&rd of GOlll is atoaen

publi c wol!ar<!

coaais s1 01 .
i■ a

lbudafc-1 .
■ l s " io 11 e n. a,

1··············· 1X•···1 ······1·········1 ·········1·.....··1 Territorial ITerri t orlal ITerritorial

c i • e• State .

1
It aatboritr to bear appeals , to re•iew deci s i o■ s. ud t o u te farth e r 1 ■1'es ti rati oas
is placed b7 law with a specif i c a1eac y withi ■ th! departae■ t, the speci ti c are acy is u.aed
either ta the bod7 of t he table or ia a f oo tao t e .
9Law allhoriles State Oepartaeat of Public Ve lfatt t o adaiaist er o r s openise the procru tor bli ad as sistuce. I.Mt does no t spe c ify whether f i nal ori1inal det e nn i aatio■ is
aade by the State depanaeat or tbe couaty departaents of pu blic welfare.
9
Certificatioa aos t beby \le.eased opbthalaolot ist or ph7s iciu skilled h t he di s eases
o f the eye,
4 Jt orl2iMllf e1J.J11iae1 by docto r, re-eumiaatioa must be ■a.de by .111 oph t halnJlOf i St
Ni thin a year uol6s applica11t is ov"r 65 r e ars of •ee or doct o r certifies th a.t re!S tor.:n1on
or i~pro vettte11t o! Yision is i"-possible.
&when &ppltca.tio11 is not appr oved b7 county IXM.rd, State board mar reYi e "' decision aa ,J
iute furth e r ioYestie:atioa.
9
Count)' board:5 of pub l ic welf a r e lllaJ be e s tablished by coun ty board of supeni'iors o r
b7 r,titioa o r elect o rate.
Appeal &llCJll,led to State bu reau of old ae:e as s istuce whos e ~c1s ioo ,u.y be appe&led
to the s upeti o r cou rt or the cou nty 111 wh ich the appl1c..1J1t rf!sides.
9
Board ot county c011111issiocers my employ physi c iaa in ad,11 tion t o on~ sub5cribine to
appliC&tlOD.
9
Re-eu..rnination as re'1uired by co uaty o r State a.re oq· .
10,\ co uaty bure.a.u is es t& bh stu~ d ICI C'-00k \.oun t y.
11
1f no ophthalrrolog ut or e)' e , ea. r. ao:Je, aad t hroat s pectal i.s t .udhble , ce rt ificate
u7 be s1e:ued b7 l1cea s ed opt011etrist.
uRecipi e a l , ta 1P4yer, o r loc.il a.2eac.;- 11\ai" a ppeal t o .St.1k "ppeal com 1ttee .
1
3The 3ta t e directo r of soc. 1111 welfa re n aut horut!'d to orJer aa 10ves t1 .:-at1 on o f t he
activities or a.ay county Loa rd o r pri vat e afe DC)' whe at!'ver he de ~ 11ec e ss a r1 o r wh e neve r
the State board rec~nd.s such an i av e'! t 1ea t i o n.
14
A State tiaanc ed proeram fo r bliad a ssi s taace 15 adnli11i s te-rt>d by the S tat~ !.me r iieac)·
We lfare Relid CO!Tllliss100 t hrouah coun.ty welfare reli e r comm is s io ns unrier rules ,l.00 re aulati ons or th e Sta te commission. Specific pro vi s io os relatini to e liR ibility, et c ., a re
aot ~t r o rth by .sta tut e a.ad t he refo re ha.ve aot bee a iaclufie<.1 in t he~ t a bles .
15
Couat)· boards of welfare aust ruder t he State toa rd such .se r n ces, ia co nnec tioa wit h
the .1d,illlistratioa or blind a ssi s taace, as the St•te b<MnJ iuy Ciad oe ce s 5.l.rf.
9
l Re~ l'.,Ul\1Gation al.5o whea required by State board .
1
' 0ec is,oa of State board u.y be appealed t o the dlStrict c ourt of the couaty ia w- bi c h
the app l i cati011 va s tiled.

board.

board.

board.

18 Tbe c011at7 boa.r d of publlc we lfare and t he coa1t1 a,nt, who i s a ppoiated by the State
c01111 b,a i oaer or weltare, c outitDte th e cou1t7 depa rt.eat of publi c we l h. re .
11
Coapeteat ocalist ud c er t ificati o1 by 2 cithe ■s .
10[)e,c i sioa of co-.lssi o1 •7 be a ppealed to c i rcuit coart .
11
Re-e :uaiaa tioe &.s r e4aire-d by State a 1 e■c7 .
ltAppeal •7 be had bJ reci p i en t or t upayer .
18Certificati o• by l ci t hen.
1 4co.aissioaer of pablic welfare ■ust cie tend11oe the e li f ibility o f a ll applicants aad
the aaouat of usi stuce, b1at ■u s t, ia all ca ses, first consult with the pu blic offici a ls
of the cou atie.s o r tGWlls re1u i r ed to c oa.tr ib ate to t bre c ost ot s uch .1Ss i s taJ1Ce .
1 8i'be board ot control of State Orpa rt a eat o! h..stiutions a nd ., eeac ies uy de-s i.eute
aaother a r eacy to act in an adYiso rt C."lp4citr.
0
T.be State collllllissioa 111ay , a.t its duc. retioa, eu.111ine a .! lj" .1.1111 .ill recipienu of blia.d
relief .ind 111 us t ma.kc .ia &DDU.tl e1dJT\iaa.t1oa o f all such reci pi eats .
21
Atipeal allowed to boa rJ o f control o r Sta te Depa.rtMCat o r Iosti tuti on.s and A1e ec 1es
or it s de-s 11o.ated represeatatiVC'.
21
Cou11t7 welfare bo4rd mar o rder t he Sta.te coll'lllli S-s1oa t o 111.1ke 1ach further uvestie.ttioa
as t he countJ board df"ems aecess ary.
uState depart111e11t mar allcw its local o trice 10 detemu.e "' hethe r assi!llaace 11147 be
gra.nted ;iad t he aJl'IOUnt and maDner th t' rt>of.
30
"Public welfare o fti cia.l" me.ins coun t y COffil'l us ioner o f public welfare, ci ty comi:s.si oaer o f public welt.1re, t owa publi c ve l! a.re o!Ci c e r, or ci t)' pu b l ic Nelhre o fficer.
31
State d~art a ent auH l nves t i,ate cor1pl a ints by per-sou statt nl!' that a.s s i s taac,e is
beic.e: 111.prope r ly granted or ad11u11 stered.
2
:, fh~ St a te V)tfll\ 1s ~ ioa !or the Am e liorAt 1oa. of t he C.ondt tion o r t he Blind fflUSt e1aJ11iDt"
awar,Js o r dt"c1 s 10C1S and ia it s d1 ~c ret1oa approve , 1C1".: re.1.St" , allow, or J1sallow a.117 awards
1JU'1e . It res ide nc e requ1re11eats are ne- l , bu t applica nt does ao t have l e rral s ettle~at
ia &DJ coua t7 , a.pplicatlOD 19 l!lide tn and .iwards pai d dir~tl)" by the COffllU$5 lOD.
3
,i;furrhe r e 1.ullin&t1 oa by ort1 c 1a ll)' fie5 1ruted opli t ha.llllol op1s t nu)· be required.
54Ph)·s 1cian ■ ust be actively ea f,l ied in t he treat•a t o f ~)·es,
3
6state com 1ssi o n or boa rd of coulllJ,' CO(!Ufl15Sioners •u s t 11ake r e111Y""."S ti e,l.tions biaaauall/ o r as often as 11\A). be found ncc e-sM rf.
3 e_
, pp l1 ca at arn,yappeA.l de-ci s ioa to the Stat~ COITll"lSSl OCI. It, i n t he.1.bse ace of a.11 appeal,
t he .lt,l.tt' c oMtssi oa 11.ikes an o rde r ch.i.nciag a.n a.war.-:1 of the boar~ o! couaty C01M11 ssio ners .
s uch boa rd o r t !te a ppl i can t i.s cali t led t o a review.
nLocal ;Lgeo cr • ~ require Curt her e 1.J.m.1n.1t 10 n bydesi2aat~ oph thalrf1o lof ist a.adct-n itica tion b}· 2 c 1titeu.
99 Bu rea.u fo r t he bl11d ia the division or reh&bilitat1on of the crippled a.ad bhad ia
t he Sute Depa.rt111.eot o f Ed uc.a.lion.
HHearin e he ld before director ia the pre sence of tbe adnso ry c. ounnl .

CD
)>

en
()

-f
)>

CD

r

rn

en

....•

0
......,

• 0 1u Charlestoa Coun-ty the county welfare board has direct adainhtratlYe responsibility for blind assistance under the supenisioa of the State Departaeat of Public
Wel!a.re.
41
ID. case of disagreement the State departmeat aa.tes decisioa.
42
Program not operative until State fUDds are provided; none were a.-a.ifable Jana.arr 1, 1939.
43 Recipient 11ust submit to re-examination unless excused therefroa bJ the division of
public welfare.
44
Applicants or recipients 111ost be granted a fair he&rine before the State board or its
resr.nsible agent. All decisions on such hearings most be aade by the board.
4
Assistance ljl'.ranted tor 1 year or less.

49 Reconsideratioa aay be aore frequeat if deemed necessary.
47
Citizen uy object to a grant or contin11a.nce of assistance and aar appeal to tbe board
of review of the State departaent.
HState department aa:, also remand application to county tor farther i ■ •estieatioa.
""Rs tablishmen t is optio11.&l in counties of 5CX), 000 or 11ore.
60 &stablishD1Cnt is option.al in counties of less than 500,()(X).
61 When r~uested to do so, recipients ■ust submit to a re-exaai.natioa and funish such
other inforutioa to the county boa.rd as it MY require.
6 2The board of cc-ission~rs b&S desiiuted the Deparllleat ot Public Welfare as the
ageac7 to adlliDister blind assist&ncll!'.

.....
0
(X)

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raolt1 13,-Personal Qua I I ficatlons for Bl Ind Assistance

State

Hiaimu• age
\a 7eoars

Re-s ideaceo

u. s.

Appllcaot
not
solicit

q~t

De!ilition of blindaess

citizenS t &te

sllip

Local

I

App lieut ""'

~ requi~ to

oode rgo o~r•t

alms

Al&b•ma ... .. .. I t6 .•••••••• • 1......•. 1 ( 1 I • • ...•...•...••. • • 1 Lee&l settleme nt or l

I Sotablished br ru les

Hi:sce ll.aDe ous qua.lit ieat lon.s

ioa or

t reata1ent

•l>I regulatio"" • .I X ,. .•••• 1 X

Need due pri111.ri ly to blindneaa.

rea r i nned i ately precedinr application. t

Arizo••······•1 l6 .• ••••••..
Arkansas------

1• I
1•1

l'I

16 ---- -- ----

Loss or impairme nt o! eyes i ght to the
ex tent that app lican t is uaa.ble to
provid e hi ffi e lf vit h necessities of
life .

California •• • • 16 -- - -------

8

Col ondo •.•••. l 18 •• ••• • • • _. I L .. ... I l' J
Conn~t icut ___
L ... . . I 18 1

1

)

· ········-······ ······•··· ······· · I X •• ••••• ,

Total or pe,r ma nent loss of sight in
bot h eyes. or the r eduction t o 1/ 10 or
less or nort11al vision v itb cl.asses.

x. .......... . .
Applicant h&s paid old age assis ta.ncl! tu, is not s erv i ac
penal se ntence, or ou t on bond

or pr oba ti on .
Plorut a.:

·--····I···········-·I······•·I

State
Local .• . ... ••• •• •• ••• • . ••

X. . .. • •

I' I

Hust be! deservi ng in opi ri. ion of

boo.-rd o ! county commissioners .
Geori'l&- ------ 1 21---------- 1-- - - ----

1l

Idaho __ _ ___ _ _ _

l'I

Illi11oi5 ____ __ j M1Lles,

2 1: I
tei:oaJ es, 18.

0

IQ

;c.

N

i

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0

~

;:s-

x___ __ _

21; 1x_____ _

Indiana •...• • • ! Hales,
!P11\./l les. , 18.

low•··········1

Ill • • ••••• •••

KAos ..... .....

16 •••••• ••••

Kent ocky _. __ __

Adult •• ____ _

See

foot ■ot~

1•1

ye ar

13

X

at ead of table.

10 con5 ecutiYe years
irrrnedi a tely preced i Di

applicat i oa .

3

3 years im111edi&tely I 1
p re ced i a g
tion . 11

}

Mu.st not be, physically or ""°nta l l y inc apacita ted by a re
prior to loss of sigh t.

applica-

l 'I

I" I

(

l y~ar ---------------

13 1

CD

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(' ). ·· · ·-· ··· · · ····· · ·· ··-·· · -·•···· ·

l'J

Cf)

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)>

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r

••••

10 years if!llllll!d iately
ptt,c-eding application .

b9isuace susp end e d duriar
con fi.ae 11ent i n public penal
instit ■ tion, after t in.al con viction of cr i~ .

5 yea. r s immediately
preceding applica ti on.

3

rn

1

I D~titute o! use f ul vision _________ _ _

Cf)

Hust not be a profe,ssioo.al be(ga r.

....•

0

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Tabl• B.-Per&onal Qual iflcatlons for

Minimu111 ~Il e

State

in

rears

Residence

u. s.

Applicaa t l Appl1c u t

cit i1e.n-

Staa

.sh1p

wost tio t
solid 1

Def ia 1t ioa of bliad11ess

Local

al•.s

Loo i uaaa __ ___ 16 l&Uhro ■ ,
f!le &WH4U I. t
64 1.

11 1

!1,.iu, _____ _ ___ , 16 _________ _

('I

.......
.......

Bl Ind Aaa l stance-Continued

0

lll,\,

~ requi r f'd t o

uBde r eo operat lOG o r
t reu ~ at

Hlsceth.aeous Qu a.l 1t1cat1ons

•

en
~

J>,,

,,,
~

-- ------ -- ----- --- ---- 1 , . J

~

C
a,

1• I

r-

n

K.&ssac huse tu _

~

Hi a1.esota ____ _ I 21 ___ ___ ___ _

m
r-

x_ _____ _ j I
Apphca a t bas ao
correcti ■i

Vl S l Oll,

o r 'f'isioa

~

J>,,
:::0

wtt h

class~ ls so ~r ec t1 ~ a.s

m

t o preYe1t pe rt or nance of o rdi u.r 1
a.c t h i ties tor vh ic h e res iab. t is es -

r-

m

sen tial .

Hlssour1 ------

I 21 ___ _______

1--- -----

10 consecu ti ve r ears
1ua1 Late h pre<: ed ur
applica t i.oa . 11

Vis i on with or v ithoat classt>S su tt ic i e at 011 1., to dutiaro isll litht t r0111
da riatss aDd to r ecora h e aot i on ba t
aot t oni o! h&Dd at a dlst e. DCe l f oot

I X--- ----1Ua~ r 75 re.ars _ Must~ of

G'>
iood mon. l d iarac te r

a.Id al15t not ref 115e •o:..a t io.a.al
o r ~ocatiou l t raia l ag.

en

r-

J>,,
~

0
( 17

J

0

'·~
;::;

'"

j

~b r uta ••. ••• 16 - ----- ----He• &da ______ __

1• 1

Nev Jene J __ __ j 21 __ __ _____ _

( '" I

z

1 r ear i.aire:tiate l :, precedi ng applic ati oo.18

0.

~

()

Es t ablished bf r lllts a M rera l.a ti o ns __

l rear coa t i ■uoll!i 1.,2 _

X- ------

0

~

;:;-

Hus t aot, it p'bJslca.ll J able,
ref use t o11.&te retuo, i ■ se " ice &S reqai r ed bJ COB'lliHi OD.
Must avail hi111Sel! o CaaJ edacat ioaal f acilit ies .

1• I
New fort_ ____ _

I - -----1 1•

I------------------

Di•quallt J iae Y h1 ■a l fie ld defec t or
3)/a'.)() o r l•• h
better e J e wlll d1
caa■ot bl' iapr ort'd . 10

11---····1 --···········1
X

Hus t a ot dKllae r,euoaabl e e ap l oJ ■ e ■ t , t r alai 11 . lw.'d lc al
care , or o t bera nla t aoce wbic ll
•tr tit h 1pr ove td ■ coed lt l oa .

Nortl'I Ca rottu. •

••• -•••• I

(

9

V.11.l s ett l ~~n t 2•• • • • J '201'i!DO or l r.J:1 ii b~tter eye "it " co r - 1 X - ---~ r ec t hr l 1Ass~, or e1esi1h t iMu f -

J

r tcle nt tor ~ • in ord harY oc c up t'lt tons.

1•1

North Dakota •• J lB • . ••••••• • J X • ••••. J l r oa r iJ,medlAtdJ pr, •
c~ h i application.
Oh! o . •• . • • .•..

J

lB l11u !mum,

J •• . • • . • • J

1

1)

Le ra l set tlell'll!nt or l
yea r inntdi&tely pre-

651.

c Niioa applica.tioa .e

X . ••• . • I I t )

Or•ron ·· ···· ·· 1 l 6 .. .. .. . . . .

l 'I

Pe a ns1ha nia ••

11 1

21 • • •••.••• •

X •••••• 1 1 , ear iDl!lediAtely prec edi 11e applicat i on .

Rhode Is l& Dd -(SH a.PPCl<IU I.

X. .. . ... I X
'J /00 or 10 /200 or l !!Sa oonaal Yiai oa.

J

South Caroli na .

1• 1 I

South Da.tota--118- -- -- ----·

2 wit h in 9 years,

I' )
l

1• 1

year ilWllediately pre-

Tennessee

c ediDr a pplicati on. 4

--·--116 _________ _

l'I

Te1as ...• • ..• • 21 -- ·- ·-···· I i .. . . . .
Utah ••• ••• .•• .

I 21 •••• . . • •••

I. . . .. .. I I. ... . . . .. ... .

15 I

1• 1
Pr esc d bt'd by State dep.artfl'!Cnt

-----··I X. •.. • • el X..•... ••• .•• . I N•t
aot ret'ase edacatioaal or
TOC&tioul
tr&iai ■a; .

v,rno.ut . . .... . , 21 •• • • ••• . •• , X. .. ... , l'J
Virrini a • •••.. -- · -- - ---· ·-- - ---·---

I" )
wi t h co r rect i ne elasses .

WASh i11iz t on ••••
Wes t Vir ri nia-

Wisc on5in .•• ••
W7omi11i'-·--· --

12.1z

3 •.•• • • • • , ••• •
••••

21 - -- · • •· · -·

X• •. •••

I (24 )

1•1

X .. . •..

{")

118------····

l'l

17 •• . •••••••

I" I

X. .. . .. .
CD
J>

en

tralvis ud &e u i t y i n bette r e ye 'iti t h
correcti ae gl.&sses .

0
<b

2
i

~

Dis t rict ot Co-

I16

25

- · - - ----

lumb ia .

~

0

0

a

~

(")

See footaotes at ead of table.

No uaistuce rra ■ ted if lou
of eresiaht inteat ioul or d~
to T lee or crime, or it' ippllcaat
la between the aces of 16-55
&ml WIIO, Uouclll capAl,ie, retmes
to ea,a.ae h occapatio■ or re-

J>
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en

m

........•
....

......
......

Table 13.-Personal Qualifications for Blind Assistance-Continued

N

State

Mini1110111 a.ee
in yea.rs

Residence

u. s.

Applicant! Applicant 111.y

citizenship

State

Definition of blindness
Local

District ot Ctr
luot>ia--Contd.

111ust Q.Ot

~ required to

solicit
alas

undergo o~rat ion or
treatment

MiscellaaNlus qualifications

►

m

be incapable of rehabilitation

5 years during 9 years
irilnediately precedini

application.

0
~-

.:.·

"'

C.

~

0

0
0

-n

00

Vision in better e1e with corrKting
glass~ ot less than a:)/200 or a disqualifJiDi field detect sufficient to
incapacitate for self-support.

X indicates that the provision applie-s without li ■ itatioa in a riYea State.
1Applicant 111~1 have btta a resident 5 years within la.st 9 years, 1 1ear immediately
pTecedina application. or IIUSt haYe beccne blind while resident.
2
11 applicant hM no local residence, State pays total &JltOUDt of assistance.
3vision so defectiTe with corr-Kting glasses Mtop~perfomanceofordinar7 duties.
4
Altera.atiTe: or applicant bec&111e blind while resident.
6v is ion. sode!ect ive with correcting glasses as to preTent per! or1111nce of ordinaqdDt ies.
State departflll!'nt specifies the ut0unt of .-isual acuity an applicant aa.y have.
8
It applicant bec&11e bliad while a nonresident of the State, his State r~ideace ttquireaent is 5 years within the last 9 years, l rear iamediately precedine application;
or it there are no Federa.l funds, 10 Jean i11111ediatel1 precedin11 application. If applicant became blind whilearesident of the State, he does not havetosatis!J State residence
requirfflents. Certification must be ll&de br 2 citizeas that applicant has met reidence
requirem!nts.
7
It applicant beca~blindwhile a resident of the State, "iscoanty residence requirement is 6 months. I! applicant beca1111e blind while a nonresident or the State, his countr
residence req_uireMnt is l 1ear. In either ca.se, if State residence requir~at is satisfied, the State vill pay the total amount or a.ssistance. Certification that applicant
has net residence requireaents must be Ila.de by 2 citizens.
11
Disqualif1ing visual field defect or vision 2tJ/'2!X) or less in better eye vith rla.sses.
9 Applicant 1111st have been a resident 5 7ean1 within last g years, l rear iiaediately
precedinfl application.
10 B011.rd of county co1111issionera 11ust obtain evidence of at least 2 reputable citizens
of the couno that the applicant is blind and· ha.s aet residence require•nts.
11
Certification J1Ust beade by 2 citi&ens that applicant hassaet residence reqoireaents.
12
Unlesa for 11ood cause and otherwise ordered bJ the State departwnt, applicant aust
apply iD county in which he last reaided conti ■ 110119ly for l year durin11 tbe last g Jean.
It no sach residence, application 11ust be filed in county or reaidence at t i • or application.

13

Alternative: or applicant bas ll&de application to becoae citizen.
14
Applicant IIIUSt h&Te been a resident 5 years within h.st 9 years, l year i.aediately
preceding application, or 11ust ha.Te becOPIII!' blind while resident, or !1115t ba'fe beea blind
and a resident of the State on Hay ?, lgJ?,
15
B1ind assistaDCe era.nted only if eyesight cannot be restored.
uAlternatiYe: or applicant becaae blilld while resideat and has siace resided c011tiaaousl1 in State.
17
Applicaat 11ust h&Te ~en a re!ident 5 years within last 9 Jean, l year illlediately
preced in11 a.ppl icat ion. U no county residence. State pays total anioant of ass is ta.nee.
11!1 Ir applicant ha.s no coanty residence, State pays total aaount of assistance.
19
Applicant ■ ust hue been a resident 5 Jean within la.st 9 years, l year illllediately
precedia, application. Certification ■ ost be -.de by 2 residents of the county that
•Pflica.nt has ~t residence require11ents and is in need of assistance.
0
Public welfare officials 11ust aidaDdgraat e111er8ency relief pendiai investiration of
apilicatioa of anr wholly or part tally blind dest it ate person.
1
Applicant aost have been a resident 5 rears vithia la.st 9 years, 1 year i1111ediately
precl'diq application, or anst h&Te become bliad while resident. Blind applicant •ost
llave been a resident of State on date of passage of blind assistance law on April 16, 1Q3?,
12 Applicant mst have been a resident 5 years vithin last 9 years, l year iaediately
preceding application; must ha.Te been a resident at date of pa59&R'e of blind assistance
law on June 3. 1937, and resid~d continuously in State for l year iiaediately precedinr
application; or ■ ust hal"e becone blind while resident aad since resided coatiattoosly ill
State.
23
Age requittment is 16 years if applicant la not acceptable for education at State School
for Blind.
24 Applicant 1111st have been a resident 5 1ears within last 9 rears, 1 year iaedhtelt
preceding application, or ■ ast hal"e bec011e blind while resident and resided for l Je&r
innediately prec~d lo.a appl teat Ion.
.u.Applicant 11ust be 21 rears or older lf bllndnee.s odgiut~d outside ot the Dbtrict of
Colu■b!.a.

CJ)

-I
-f

--------------- 1 ceiYe training. Applicant nst

for self-support.
Hawaii--------

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BASIC TABLES• 113
Taole

14.-Need Qualifications for Bl ind Aasistance
Applicant must

3tate

Li ■ itatiOIIS

oa propert7

Li ■ itatio11s

011 iac011e

not have disposed Applicant ha.s no person liable

ot property to
qunli !y

a.nd able to support hi11

Al&bau. _________ ( 1 ) __________

11 )

X ______________ Relatives.

Arizona _________ ( 1 )

( 1)

With ia 5 years -

Artaasas ________ ( 1 ) ---------- ( 1)

Within 2 years _

__________

C-al ifor:aia ------ S3.CXX) ------- S50 per ■ oath iacludine
assistance. 2
Colorado ________ l 1 } __________ S45 per •oath including Within 5 7ean _
a.ssistance."
Couecticut _____ ( 1 ) __________ ( 1 ) ____________________ X ______________ X.
Delaware _______ _
Florida:
State__________ { 1 } __________ ( 1 ) ____________________
Local. ____________________________ ----------- -------Geor11ia.. _________ 11 ) __________ ( 1 ) ____________________
Idaho ___________ (') __________ ( 1 ) ____________________

Withia 2 years_
__ - ------ --- ___ _
Within 2 years_
X _____________ _

Illinoh ________ $2,500 ------- $465 per 7ear• --------- ---------------Indiana _________ ( 1 )
1

Iowa ____________ 1 )
lusas __________ ( 1 )

----------

11 )
1
1)

__________

( 1 ) ____________________

--•-------

---------------------------------------

lentoclly -------- S2.500 ------- S400 per rear

8

Within 5 years_

X --------------

Within 2 years_

--------- ----------------

1
1
1.ouisia..n.a ------- ( ) ---------- ( 1 -------------------- Within 5 rears -

c•• appendlz 1.J

Haine ___________ ( 1 )

__________

SW per 1100th includia11
ass is ta.ace.

X -------------- Relati ..s.

Kar,!.ud ________ ( 1 )

__________

( 1 ) ____________________

Within 5 rears_ X.

----------

1
( ) --------------------

__________

11 )

Wlthi'n 2 7ears Within 2 7ears -

Massachasetts __ _
Hichiga.a -------Miuesota _______ 11 )
Mississippi _____ ( 1 )

Missouri ----·-·· S5,CXXJ
Moata11& _________

11 )

7

------

__________

--------------------

1600 per 7ear

8

-·------- - - · · · · · · - · - - - · · ·

(') --------------------

Nebraska --·-·--- --·--·--·-·--- S360 per year includb.fl
assiata11ce. 9
1

I·······-··---- Relatives. to

1

NeT&cla ----------

1

Nev Ha,opshire ___

(1 )

) ---------- ( ) -------------------__________

Nev Jerse7 ------ ______________

( 1 ) --------------------

111 )

__________

11 )

Nev Tort ________ ( 1 )

__________

( 1 ) ____________________

____________________

l 1 l __________ (I)
----------

I ______________ Childrea or other persoa. 18

X ------·-·----· Child or other relatiYes.

11
assistaace.

S5,000.

X.

----------------

1

$30 per aoath includhg

Pea11.s1lT&Dia ____ Real property

Withia 2 7ears _

---------------- I.

11 1 __________ 11 1

Ohio _______ ··- -- - 11 )
Otl&hoaa _______ _

Withia 5 7ears _ ( 11 ).

------------------- ----------------

New Hexico ______ ( 1 )

North Carol iu __
llorth llatota ___ _

Parents residiaf ia the State.

Within 2 7ears -

(").
Within 5 yea.rs - Relathes if applicant is aader
2l rears of a,ee.

Sl.200 per year iacladiae: assistance.

Husband, wite, child, father,
mother, e:raadpareat, or flr&adchild.

1
( ") -------------------

10
ilhode lslaad ____ 1 ) --------South Carolina __ ( 1 ) __________

{')

___________________ _

South Dakota ____ ( 1 )

__________

11 )

____________________

---------------x.
W~thla 2 rears_

Teanessee _______ ( 1 )

__________

(1)

____________________

Within 2 7ears _

Teus ------···-- (

1

)

Ut&h _____________ ( 1 )

Ven1011t _________ 11)
1

Virfliaia. ---··--- 1

)

per ac,ath iacladine: ---·--··-------- Spouse, parent, or child.
assistuce.
(' ) _____________________ X --------------

$30

(II -------------------- l -------------per 1100th iacladinr Within 5 ,ears _ ( 10 ).
aaaistuce.

$30

Vashiae:t0111 ··---· ----·---·----- S900 per year _________ _

Soe footaote• at end of t&llle.

114 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Table

State

Vest Vtrrinla --Wiscoasi ■-------

V7oaiq _________

H.-Need Oual i fications for Bl ind Assistance-Continued

Lhli tat i ODS
property

011

11 )

----------

Li•i tat ions oa iacoae

11 ) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - S700 per year
aasistaace.

Applicant must
not haYe disposed Applicaat has ao penoa liable
of property to
ud able to s11pport hi.a
quality
]( ______________

i ■ cludh1

11 ) _________ _ 11 J --------------------

I.
RelatiTeS.

%_ ____________ _

Ala.ska _____ . ____ ____ . ________ _ _______________________ . _______________ _
District of ~
habia.
Bawa!!. _________

1•1 __________ l'J ___________________ _

Spouse, father, child, or rrudchlld.

11 ) __________ 11 ) ____________________ I ______________ Spouse, child, or pareat.

I indicates that the proYhioa applies withont li ■ itatioa h a ehe■ State.
1Applicaat is haeligible if he has propertJ or iacoR in eicess of a-,ut ■eeded for rea.s011&ble s•bsistea.ce coapatible with decency aad healt h,
8 1accae froa the tollowiae sources aot e.1ceedia1 aa a.u.ual &Yerare of 133.33 per 1100th Is aot coasi.dered:
i ■coae fr011 applicant•• labor; the Yahe of foodstuffs produced by the applicuit or his tuily for bi• a.e
or tor that ot his ta■ ily; the Yalue ot firewood and/or water produced on the pre11.ises of the applicut or
1iTen to hi• by another for the applicant's use; the Yalue of rifts other thu re1ular contributiOJlS bJ
rel&thes lefl&llJ respoDSible; the Y&lue of the use aad occupaacy of pre ■ ises owned aad occupied b1 Ule
applicut; the net incoae of real aad pers011&l property owned b1 the appltcaat.
l'IApplicaat is i ■eli(rible if he hu spouse, p&reat, or adult child residla1 withiD the State.
4 16() per ■ oath hclodinr usistuce if recipient hu depe11deata.
6 S1,COO per year for recipieat and spoaae.
1 Applica.nt unable to eara ■ore thu $400 per year.
7 Applicant is heli1ible it lhhl with si1hted spouse who hu an interest ia property la the Yalae of
S5, OCX) or 110re.
8 Applicut is iaelifible it liYia1 with sirhted spouse who receiYes S&OOptt e.1101111 or ■ore Ire-. u::r so■rce.
1 Inc011e froa aonreYeaue producini property computed at 5 percent of net Yahe. No deduction aa.7 be -.de
becaue property h a boaestead or othervise elmpt troa leial processes, but cOGtributiou and assistuce
fr011 public or prhate charities are aot i ■ cluded in the c011putatioa.
1°Father, ■other, or child of aa, recipient ■ust rei ■burse the board if they h&Te sufficie■ t fiuacial
ability.
11 Cost of usi!ltuce recoverable ii action of debt bJ State Department of PublCc Welfare froa fatbtt,
110ther, stepfather, step■other, soa, or d&urhter, Jointly or seYerally, U able to proYide.
u:Applicaat is unable to earn aafficie■ t 110oe1 toproYide for the oecessities of lite ud, if aot reliend.•
wo1Id becoae a p11blic charee,
18Public welfare officials ■u!lt aid a.ad eraat eaeraency relief pe■diq hYestieatio■ of applie&tioa ol.
a11 wholl1 or partially blind des ti tote pe-no■•
14 Applicut, u■ less relieved, wo11ld becoae a public cb&ree or a charae apoa tbose ■ot reqaired by law to
support hi ■.
16Applicant ■ut be need7.
111The local board - , proceed ael.inat u, peno■ leeall.J liable ud fiu..ncially able aad ca•e bi• to
s ■ pport applicant or recipieat.
0

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BASIC TABLES• 115
Table 15.-Types of Aid Received orNeeded Which Disqualify Applicants for Blind Assistance
Assistance 1
State

Other public
assistance

.llab&a& _____ • __ •• ____ • _______ _

Old age

assista.oce

1-----------x ____________

Ari z.oaa ______ • ________ - ______ •

Arkansas---------------------California __________________ -- ------------- _

lastitutional aid

Public or
private
institution

Public
institution

12
1 ___________ _

L----------- --------------

1 ___________ _

___________

In need at
cont inuiae
institutioaal
care

l. •

-------------- x.
x• ----------1• -----------

Colorado---------------------- le----------Conaecticot __________________ _

x ___________ _

1------------ l.

Del.aware---------------------Florida:
State ______________________ _

Local----------------------- 17 1 ----------

l ___________ _

1 ___________ _

x_ __________ _

x ___________ _

Geor1ia ... ----------------------

1 ___________ _

1.ubo -------------------------

x ___________ _

llli ■ ots ----------------------

x ___________ _

1-----------l. __________ _

Iowa ......... - .... -- - --- --- --- ------ ......
laoaa'!I ___ --------------------Xe11tuct1 ----------------------

l------------

x_ __________ _

x_ __________ _

1•1 ----------

x ___________ _
l ___________ _

Haiae ------------------------Harylaad ----------------------

1• -----------

x ___________ _

-'------------

Mass&cbosetts -----------------

Hicllieaa -------·---·----·-----

,. ------------

-------------- l.

x•
-----------_
1 ___________
Hi5Soari _- ____ -------- _------ _
8
10
Moat&aa _____ .,. _____ •• __________ ------·------- .X __________ --·-------··-- 1 ___________ l.
liebrask&---------------------- 1• _________________________ -------------- 1 11 __________ X.
l------------

Mississippi------·-- --- -------

Nenda ___ -------------------- - L--- ________ -------------- ------------- _ ------------ __
-

8u,psbire _ ___________ _____ X ____________ ------ -------- ---- --- ------- ---- ----------

New

Jerse1-------------------- 1------------

New Mexico-------------------Hew fort ___________ : _________ _

111 1.

l------------

x• -----------

x•• __________ x."

110 ·-·--·----

North Carolin--------·------115
North Datot•-·-·--··---·------ 1 --·-----·Obio -------------------------- l ___________ _

1•• ----------

1------------ x.
x• -----------

1------------

Otl.ab011& ·-----------------·-·- ··----·---··-·

Ore,o• ________________ ------- .i•· ----------

1• -----------

l------------

Pnasyl•aaia - ----·---·-------illode Island (llt• a,tHd1& •· ) ___ _
South Carolina _______________ _

11' ·-----··--

Sootb Daltot&------------------ --------------

l-----------L----------1 1--------l ___________ _
18

Te11essee --·-----------------Te1u ----------··-·-----------

x ___________ _

IJtall --------------------------

Ver.oat----·------------------ ----·---··---1

1------------ 1• -----------

Jirriala ---------------------- X ----------Wulli ■1toa -----------······--- ·-----·------- i ------------ --·---·------1
11
West Yirrtoia----------------- 1 1 --------1 ----------Viaco•■ ia ----··-------·---·---

x.

11•1 ---------

1

1 •1 ---------

l-----------1------------

l ___________ _
1

1 ----------l ___________ _

1• -----------

x• ----------x ------------ x.
l ------------

X ------------

1------------

Alasta -----------------------11
District of Col-I&---------- 1 1 ------·-- l -----------BwaU ------------------------ x• ___________ l ------------

1• -----------

V1C111ia1 ---·····--·--·---------

.x•• ----------

See fooUotH oa followl"I P"I•·

Digt1zed by

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116 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
X indicates tha.t tbe pro•itioa applif's without li•itatioa in a •i•ea State.
1M&ny State la.vs render ind i1ible f oi- blind assistance persons wbo are rec:eiYhi aa1 otller trpe ot public
assistance, while uny other State lavs speciticallt disqualify only recipients of old age assi9tuce . T~e
latter type of provision ha.s been enacted becau~ of the provision iD the.Federal Social Security Act vbicll
prevents the Q"raatina of FNeral aid to blind penoos who are receiviari old aiie esistance under • Statr
pl a.a approved by the Social Security Boa.rd aod for which FNieral a rants are being Mde.
2Applic&nt ts disqualified if he ls an inmate of a private hstitution not approved br the State board.

3Such care must be reasona.bl1 available.
4 1rrstitutioa supported in •half' or ia part by public funds.
&Except 30 days in a public hospltal or e11plo,at-11t lwi thout board and rooal ia a sbop mahtaiaed bt tt.e
State.
"Except t~porar, aedical and surrical usistaoce .
.,Relief is aranted in place ot all other relief of a pobHc nature to whicb a busba.11d and wife or eit~er
of thea ■ iaht be entitled 11.s a bliDd person.
8Applicant 's earninrs, to2etber witb auy pensioD recei-wed troa the United States , State, or toreirn fOYttnllf!nt, aust 1ot e1ceN S40Cl.
8An inr:ate aay Mke application tor .usistance; b•t, U rruted, assilnuce aast ■ot begln uatil after H
ceasrs to be an ha.ate.
10 Applicant ■ ust not be recehtae old aae assistance or aid to dependent cbildre1.
11 Applicant is disqualified U he is ao iaaate ot ant prisoa, Jail, or State hlstitation for tbe blhd or
the insane.
12 Applicaat was physically or wntallJ hcapacitated prior to loss ot •sight.
1
H Applicant is dhqualitied it he is an inmate of a private institution to which u admission tee has be-ea
paid or a transfer of prop"rtY has been ll&de.
14 0ther than care in a private home tor the blind tp which pa111ent ot board h required.
1&te111porary ...ediclll aid, suraical assistance, or vocational trllininr &re e1cepted.
HIApplicant is disqualifled it be is an inmate of any public re-tor■ or correctional iastituttoa.
17
Blind assistance is .aot 1raoted if person is eligible tor old qe asslstuce,
18 Applic-¼nt isdisqu11.litied U be ls an inmate of 1101 public or prhate hst1tutio■, except prhate iastitution approved by the OepartRot of lnstitutio ■ s aad Public Welfare. Au i111t11.te 111.1 ■ ai:e applicatio■
for assi~tance; but, if 2ran.ted, assistaoce rust oot bealn until after be ceues to be an ilaale.
18 No otber public aid, e1.crpt te1!ponr7 !Dedical or sur1lcal care, ls 1ruted wilhout approw&l of t~e coutr
COUDC i l,
~0Tbe State suftll~r 9Chool for the bliod ls e1cepted.
• 1Applicant ls di .' lqualirit'd it he h recel•h1 educational ald,
11 Insti tut ion supportf'd in wbole or in part by public funds. A.n h ■ate
•-e applicatiov. for assistuc.e;
but if 1raated, assistaace 11ust aot beiio oatil alter be cease-a to ~ a.o ia..te.

••1

01q 1izt><1 by

Google

BASIC TABLES• 117
Taou,

16.-Provisions for Recovery From Recipients and Their Estates for Bl ind Assistance
Granted
For total
State

Exe111pt ions

alllOUDt Of

assistance
Ala.baa&-------------_
Arizona ______________

( 1 1-------

Ark.aasas _____________ 12 1------C.al i !oruia __________ _
ColoratJo _____________ X1

_______

Realty of recipient while occupied bJ surviviDe spouse.

Couecticut __________ X3

_______

Adilinistration expenses, includhi probate fees and taxes, aad Sl.00 for
upease of last illness and funeral.

Del&11rare ____________ _
Florida.:

State ______________ X ________ Clahi vaiYed if, upon death of recipi~t, widow or •inor children are likely to becoae public cba.rees.
Local _____________ _

Georria ______________ X ________ Funeral expenses of $7~, adaioistratioa expenses, and realty of recipient
while occupied by survhiag spouse or de~ndent. No clai ■ !or recovery
may be it' ■ !orced .against any property o! Confederate veterans or their
widows who are receiving· or are entitled to receiYe a peasion.
Idaho ________________ I ________ Funeral expeases o! 1100, administration e.penses, ud realty while occupied
by saniYine spo115e or dependeat.
Illinois ____________ _
I ■ diaaa

______________ 14

Realty o! recipient while occupied by auni•ing spouse, or real or personal property if ucipieat ha..s a dependent child or children sa.nivine,
Iowa _________________ 11 _______ Expease of burial and last illness.
_______

l.aasas --------------len tacky ____________ _

Louis iaaa ___________ _
Mai ■ e

(lee appelld1.a I.)

_______________ _

Ha.rylaad ------------- I 9

-------

Foaeral expenses and realty occupied b7 su"iviDe spouse or dependents.

Ha.ss.acha5etts --------

Hicbigu ------------HiDaesota ------------ X1 ______ _
Mississippi __________ ( 1 L .......... ..
ijissoori _____________ 11 1__ ____ _
~oataaa ______________ ( 1 )______ _

Nebraska. _____________ I ________ Realty of recipient while occupied by a sunhine spouse or by a child of
the recipient or survivine spouse who h&S been dependent upon recipient
or sa"hi ■ e spouse !or more than 1 year prior to death. Persoul effects
or household roods owned by recipieat or spouse. Re&l estate owned by
hdiaa tribe residia1 h the State.
Ne•&d& --------------- ---------New Haapsblre ________ 11 )______ _
New JerseJ __________ _

Mexico ___________

I:' _______

RealtJ of reclpieot while occupied by suni'fin1 spouse or dependent.

Nev- fort _____________

1--------

haeral expenses ud realty~ recipient while occupied tw"sur•i•ine spouse:
or dependent.

Ne,w,

Hortb Caroliaa ______ _
liortb Dakota_________

11 1 _____ _

Ohio ----------------Otlahoaa _____________ ( 7 )__ ____ _

Oreco• ______________ 11

_______

~us7hao!a --------Rhode lslud ________ _

11 1-------

Carolla& ______ _

I"-------

So,atb llakou ---------

( 1 L_ ____ _

So ■ tb

Realty of recipieat while occupied by suni•hr spouse.

( · • app•■ f.l.a I. 1

Funeral expenses aot to exceed SlOO aad realt7
br saniTiar spouse.

~

recipient while occupied

Teuessee ____________ 11 _______ Paaer&l e1.peasea not to e1ceed SlOO, ad•hiatratioa ezpe ■ seis, and realtJ
of recipieat wbtle occupied by ·sa"htn1 spo ■se or dependent child.

Teua _______________ _
See footaotea at nd of. table.

o g11 ,ed by

Goog Ie

118 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Table 16,-Provisions for Recovery From Recipients and Their Estates for Bl ind Assistance

Granted-Continued
for total
State

amount of
a3Si'!.tance

Utah _________________

X:I! -------

Vemoot ______________

X--------

Bxt>mptions

~altf of surviving spou:,e it

such !lpouse

i:5 not 15 ye&rs. younli!'er

tlla ■

recipient aD1 does not re-marry, household furniture, atr:1 veariDg apparel.
Virginia ____________ _
Washington ___________

( 2) _____ _

'i'~t Virginia ________ X ________ Real property Sl,5CX), personal property S20Q. ReaJ property of
spouse except real property of lliidOi' who renarries.
Wisconsin ___________ _
Wy0111iog _____________ _

sarYiTi ■ 1

Al.4ska ______________ _

District of Columbia_ X10 ______ All property until death of survhine spouse.
Hawaii _______________

X _______ _

l io<iicates that tlte provision applies without lililitation in a given State.
1Amouat o! assistance gr11.nted is recoverable Ma debt it applicant !ailed to disclose possession. of
property or income which would haYe a.!!ected amount o! assistance or made recipient ineliiible.
21 "3si~tance paid a.!ter recipient ha..s cc.e into possession of property or income ia excess a1' his a~ed is
recoYerable as a debt due the State.
5An agreeinent constittltiag a lien on anr interest in real propertr llUSt be na.de tr&as!erriag it to tbe
Coniissioner ot Welfare. Transfer o! life insurance or bank account rt&Y be reriuired before assistance 1s
1n.ated. Recipient or surviving spouse 1111,y be pe-nnitted to occupy realty transferred, Interest at 4 percent per annum is charged on a.mount o! a.ssistance eraated and recovered. Double a11ouat of a.ssistaa.ce is
recoverable !or aisrepresentat ioa.
4
Applicant r11ust execute 11.ereement to rei'lllburse State. Applicant 11ust assign u collateral securitJ tor
reh1bursetnent such part of his ~rsonal property as the county depart~nt requires. loterest at 3 perceat
per annum is charged on aiitouat of assistance 1ra.nted and recovered. Double amouat of assistance is re-covt>rable- !or 111isreprest>ntation. County <h!-part111.eat may, with the consent of the- State- Department Of Public·
Welfare. require applicaat to dispose of prope-rty or tra.ns!er it to the-11.
6Applies only to a.s!listuce granted a!ter recipient reache-s the age of 6~ years.
"Cost of a.ssistance recoverablt> in a.ct ion o! debt by the- State Departsneot of Public Welt&re from fatber,
11other, stephthe-r, stepmother, son, or daughter, jointly or seven.Hy, i( able to provide
7
Any assistance received in e1cl!ss o! the ,U10unt to which the recipien.t b entitle-d by reason of ■ isre,-..
~seatatioa or concealment of facts is re-covt>ra.ble as a dt>bt due the State which has a first and par&IIOQDt
lie-a upon all the assets and eUects of the rt>cipit!rH to secure repayllle-nt.
9Re-al and personal property o! a..ny indieent pe-rson shall be- liable !or the t>xpense-s of bis support. aainte-nance, assistance-, and burial. Any Judgment shall be a Uea npon the realt7.
gAny aS!listance- it1properl7 granted is recovenble as a debt due the State.
10 Interest at 3 percent per annuri:i is charreJ on UlOUDt of assistuce liranted and recoYered. Upoe snff icieat
cause, the bOftrd may denand a.saiinment of re-cipieat 1 s propertr a!tt>r !irst eraat o! aid.

Dig t1zed by

Goog re

f a b/6 Jl . -Provi s i ons

lf&zl••·
allowaace

Hi ■ l ■a■
allowa nce

<p,r month <pe r """'h

Stat e

unles ,

Dal e-,.,

.

Burial

a llowance

othuvi,e orbervist

~

f o r Granting and F inanci ng Bl i nd Assi st anc e

Gov e r nme ntal un it

l ncid•nc• of

det e r rdni ne amount

finan cia l r'!'spons i bi li tJ'

Provulon f or of i od iv idua l 11 r a nt
removal ot
disabil lt1
FiDaI
Advi sor 1

Ot her local
State

Goun ty

,

Basis !or

,

Arizo••- -- ---- 1 S30

Arkansas

ce nt .

--- ---1----- -----1$100 --- - - - - 1 Additi onal

ass ist a nc e . 2

Color ado-- -- - - I $30-- -- --

---- -- 1Nec ess ary

SlOO '

e x-

I Coa nty --

?~ per-

cen t .

pe nses.

--- 1

Connect i cu t
S7 per week
Delava.re _____ _

Fl ori da :
St at e ____ ___

St at e

$125 ·---- - ·

I

S30 _____ _

Loc al --- - - - -

yea r. 6

I

7

1

$75 4

_ _ ____

J Sup p l eme ota r y
Addit ional as-

) _ _ ____ , . · · · · - - · · -

llltno is ..••• • 1 $3 65 pH
year .

;;;;

--- ---- 1$30- - --- -

g
~
$,

I nd i ana

I S365

Cou nty · -1

----- -· --I· 9 0

County

·-1- ·· ····- -1

a

~

$75" - - - - ·

--1

Additiooa l us1 st a.oce. z

665 perCl'!'Dt .

50 p~r cent .

Count y - .

p er

pe r -

c r.n r .

yea.r.

pe r -

cent .

St a t ~ r e imburses coun ty f or 50 pe rc en t o f
a.moun t expended . 1
State- apporti ons funds t o counties upon
reques t.
St a t e disburse s f unds to indi vidua ls ___ _

Stat e disburses fun d~ t o 1nd1v1dua.h ___ _

Sta.t e

-- -1

Coucty

--1X11

10 pe r cen t.

S t.'.\ t e reilllburses co unty fo r 00 pt.· r c.e nt o f
,iJTI0 11n t ex pend~d !or a'.'i~ 1~ t.t!lC "' a.nJ Adm1n1 s tra t i o n. 6

33• pe rc en t ,

Coun t y relfflb ur5e s S t a t e to r 33~ Pf!rc.-n t
of amou nt exp e nded. S tat f' d isburses
f und 5 to individuals .

50

Statl!" re1 mh urs e5 cou nty tor50 percent of
arnourn expe nded.

pl'!' r -

cent.

Sta t e di5hu rsl!" 5 fund s to 1nd1 v idu.1ls · •·-

-- - ---

co
)>

C/l
(")

-I

)>

co
r
m

C/l
!ova . ......... 1 S30- -· · --

0

0

t he coun ti es .

X - ·. · - ·-

s HJ t ADC I'!', z

0

I 2~

X - - - · ·- -

s erv i.ces. z

Ida ho - .. ·- ----

F unds pr or a t e d a mong

s istanc e.

1•1 --· --·

Geor gi& - --- - --

ce nt .

-·-1Town --- -1X --- · -- -

District _
Cou nt y _.

Sl 80 por

I

State di5burses funds t o indi Yi d ua b ___ _

50 pe r- , 50 p ercu t .

St a te, alloca t es t o counti es 50 pe r c ent of
esti ma t ed e xpe nd itu r e f or e nsU lD i 3
mont hs. 1

,

h dividuals pa. id by S t ate Boa.rd of Soc i a l
Sec urity a nd We lfare by wa rra nt d r awn
upon S t a t e audit o r.

---1Coun t1 --1X ______ _

Coun ty __

_ __ __ _

ce nt.

I Sta t e --- 1Cou nty -- 1X ___ __ __

Suppl emen t ar y I S ta te
s e n ices . 2

------ 1 I' ) -- --- -1 1') -- ----

Cali!orni &--- - 1 S5Q

--1 -- ------ -150 per- I 50 pe r-

Coa m

,

1ency
1n1ufhc1
o! State fund!

a(

uni t

s~c ititd I Sptci/itd/
Al&bU&- --- -- · 1S30 - -- -- - , - - --- -- -- -

Procedure \n cue

,

d1srr1but1 on of State funds

SlOO"

-- -- --1 Supple111enta r y
servic~5 . !

See footaotea at end of table.

Sta.t e -- - 1 CountY - - 1 7 5 p~r cent .

25 pe r cent.

Count y r e i mburse s Stat e !o r 25 pe r cent of
c os t of ass i s tanc e and a.dn11 nis trat1on.
S t a t e disburses funds t o indi vi d ua h .

•

I-"
I-"
<D

.....

Taole 17.-Provis i ons for Granting and Financing Blind Assistance-Cont i nued

State

KAns ..

Max i.llUl1
MiaiP\uJPI
&l lovance a1 loo-anc e
cpe r ronth (pe r n'ClDt b
1 unlie-ss
ttftless
othervise othen,1se
aped.tied I spec i fled J

--------1 l"'l - - -- -- ------- --S250 pe r

Kentucky- - - -- -

year.
Louisia0&- --- - 1 $3Q _____ _
rs.. • ~ H 1U .1 a.1

Maine

----- ----1

M.ryland ______

Mass&c.husetts _
Kichiiian ------Nia~sot a _____
Miss i ssippi ___

0

~:;:;;·

Missouri ______

Govenunental unit
Burial
a.llovan.ce

Coaaty --

Tespor&rp assi.stuce.&

Parish __

__ __ __ ____ ___ __ _______

S:lO ----- - 1----- ----- 1UOO

------- 1Supple,..nta
senices. 2 ry

ls:io ______ l---- ------1------ ------ 1-------- ----- -

Ad•isory

Ba.s1.s tor d i stnbut i on of S t ate funds

-------- -

I

75 perceDt. 11

Ottu~r loc&l
unit

70 pt! r -

-- ---------

ce11t .

---------

50 perceat.

o f State toads

25 ~rce nt
!parish I .

50 p<rc•nt
lcity or
BaltiAOn!I.

---- --- --- ----- -------

0

Net>r a.sk.a ______

-rv

Nevada ------·· $600 per

$30 - - - - -- 115 - ----- $75

r ea r .

6
-------

Sapple ~ata ry Cooat 1 -se rv ices . 2
Te.por a r7 u.sb taace .

---- ------ ---------- -- ---·----------

Stat e ___

CD

-

(")

Sta t e re1mt>u rs~ parish f or 7!» perceat ot S t a t e cont r ibat ioa
ba.sN 011 POI.flt ot
cost o f .usist.a.nce and 50 pett.e at of adtuads &1'ail.&ble .
11ia is t n. t i•~ cos t s. 1l
State d i sbarses t oads t o hdi1'idua l s • ___
Sta t e pa.rs

~

~

m
r

"Tl

)>,

:::0

m
r

~ rc ent of local upeases_

m

Ci)

X - - -----

--------- -----------

St a t e disbar.sea taad.B to iadi•id~ls ____

---------

8311 percent.

161i per cent.

---------- -

Co•nt J reiabaraea Sta t,e t or 16S ~rceat
o f .-ooat e:z peaded. State d isburses h Dda
t o hd h tdoata .

__

x _______

X -------

-----------

State di sb ursea faads t o coa at i ea h the
ratio of t he pop ol a t i oa ot e&eb coaaty
to the tota.l popula tion of t be St ate.

Co a ■ t y

)>,

-4

r

CJ)

r

)>,

-

-4

0

z

sio ■.

Moata.na ------ - S30--- -- -

-4

-,:,
C:

S tate t'f'iabnr!les c oun t y tor 30 ~re eat ot
e 1peaditure less cost ot a.d ■ i11is t rati01.

I---- ---

I "I ---1- ------

•

CJ)

m

--------- ----------- State d1sbur-sit-S t 111.ds to i adhiduals __ __
--------- ----------- --- -- - -- ---- --- -------- . -- - ---- - -- -- --- -- --------- ----------- State d isb urses ta ads t o iadi• idu a ls ____
----- --- -- ----------- St a t e disburses fu nds to iadh'iduah ----

X -------

ProcNu r e la ca.se
ot usafti cieac7

-------- --- -- - ---- - ---- -- ---------- -----. --- -- ------

-------1---------,-----------

S<ate --- , --- ------ , I
County 11 . _________ 50 pe r cent.

resto re •i-

7ea r ,

County

State

I-------

,.,

yea r .

[nci deace ot
tiu.ncia.1 respoa.sibllity

--------- 30cent.per-

--- ------- ---------- ------------ ---------- ---- State ___ -------------------------- ---------- ------------- -------------- ----------- --- ---------- ---------- -- -------------- State ____ - - ------11 •1 ----- ( 16 ) ---- - -------- -- -- -----------·--- Coa11t1 -- --------$300 pe r $ 300 per ------ ------ Ope r a t ioa t o State -- - Cou nty ••

CJ
00

Fioa.l

------------ --------------

I'!)

0

dbabilitJ

1
- - - ---- ----- 1 •1 -- ------- County --

0.

~

Pro ... b1on tor de term:inia2 amount
of iDdlTidual a: r a a t
re11o•al of

N
0

Coaoty __

I

11
New Hampobl~ _ ( 1) ____________ ___ __________ ______ ___________ Stat•"- , -- - - ----- , I _______ I _______ , I l tow al __ , Stat e diobones t ..do ,o h dhiduls -■l
,u10G
al
ot
t
or
t
J
co•at
rsea
a
ehib
r
ate
St
__________________
X
MN J e rse7 ___ _ S480 per --··---- - - ____________ l rear' • u- Co•at r •• Sta t e ___ __ _______
ot aid a r aat ed to persou aot h&Yh l
aiat a tK:e.
year .
ID CODD t J.

••ttl,..,lt

th

ad• pr orated aaoaa
the con t ie-s .

New -lco •••• J ("J

······I (8 ) ······I S!i()4 ••••••• J T•aporarJ

Nev Tort •••••• ! (11 ) •••••

I(

I

11 ) ••••• Un,ipeciflod

uooat. 4

I

u· l State"

siatance or
~•tary
se"ice■• •.

I

.J ••••••••• I1 ••••••• 1••••••••• 1..•••..•••• 1State

Sach special City or
aida■ •J be

1eceaaarJ.

50 JMtr •

ceat.

CODDtJ

I 50

per·
ceat.

pab l i c
welfare
district.

m ...... 1.......... 1............ 1.............. 1State ••• I C011at111.I 2 5

HorO Caroll a,

per-125 per-

cent..1
llortb Dall:ot& •• ! S40 ...... 1 (1 )

•••••• J

S754

•••••••

! Sappl•ae•tal"J' I State •••
aenicea.•

Obio •••••••••• l '400 per

rear. 11

sistaace.

...... 1.......... 1............ 1r ..pourr or
additional
usistaDCe. 1

PeaDSylnoia ••

Rbodo lsl&nd].

$30 ••••••

Soatb Caroli

S:lOO per

year.

C")
0

&

~

of aid 11 _ I la MZl.aa, bat aot

ceat.

plicatioa.

I

Coa■tJ-1········· 125 per-12a perceat.
cent.

State __

State •••

CoaatJ reillburses State for 25 percent of
aaooat expended. State disburses fands
to illd i1' idaala. It.

Upoa the sabalssi011 of badeets bJ tbe camtJ
boards, the State departaent allocates
State funds for assistance a■d adaillliatratiYe casts Oil tbe basis of aeed.
I _______ , _________ , ___________ , State disburses tands to indi•idaala ----

I .•.• ~ •. 1•..•• -

See footnotes at end of table.

1 rear's •-

s:Unuce.

~

(Jl

J••.••••••.• I State disburses funds to lndhidaals ••••

(')

1 ••.•••• 1········· 1··········· 1State dlabarsea fallda to hdiYldaala

ceat. l'r

Teua ••••••••• 1us•• .... ,......... .

•.

State" .1·-······ I 371' per-, 12!1 per-

Tenaeasee ••••• J S25 ••••••

"'a-

"<

I

&beola.te· ama.nt of
reillbaraeaeat.
State ••• I CouatJ -I1 ••••••• I•••..•••• I•.••••••••. I State dlabarsea funds to hdb idll&la •••• Aaoaat expectod to be
...uable considered
vhea approo 1■ 1 ap-

l 1ear 1s u- Staten_
sistuce.

g
N
a.

State reieanea c01lat7 for

._J ("').

I m ...... 1m ...... I............ I Additioaal • - I Coa■tJ •• 1......... I I. ..... .

Soatb Dakota •• S:10 ••••••
<O

I

ce1t.

sistaace not
toexx:eed SJOO.

(SMIPPtll;dU. I.)

State reillbarsea county or city public
welfare district for 50 pen:e■ t of aid
l?r&Dted to persom for whose support State
is not responsible and ntire cOBt of
assistance craated to ladiaaa aadpersou
vltboat local eettleaent.
CoantJ reillbar1es State tor 25 percent of
tbe aaooat of aid &iYea. froa State aad
Foderal faads. 10 State dlab■rsea hllda
to iadiYidu.la.

CoaatJ •• I •• - ••• J. . . . . • . . . J. . . . . . . . . . • J State diabarsea hadll to llldlTidaala

1 ,ear'• u-1 Coa■tJ •• 1••••••••• 16611 per-13311
per11
1

<l:labc.a ••• - . ! $30 ••••••

Oreeoa •••••••• J m

J

ceat.

disbars" fuda to ladlTldaala ••••

cent.,,,

Statoao .1 ..••••••• I I ••••••• , •••••••••

····I Pro rat& redactio■

Coaat7 reillburaea State for 12V percent
of the aaoaat ttpended. 17 State disburses
hads to iadhldaals.
l ■diY

ldaal applications paid bJ State
tbro111h coa ■ tJ •eencJ.

asaistuce.

of

--4
)>

tD

r

rn

(Jl

•

~

~

......

Table 11.-Provisions for Granting and Financing Blind Assistance-Continued
Hali ■u

St at e

Mial ■a■

allowaace allowance
I per IIO■ t b I pe r moat b
u.nless

unless

GoTernaeatal a•i t
Ba ri &!
allowaoce

Prm isioa for

ot hen,ise otben,ise
spec if i e d } 9_e_~ ified>

Utah

----------11 3 )

-- ---

remov._1 of
disability

-11° ) ------ IS15o' - ----- 1---

-------1130 ------

Ver■ont
Vire iai• ------ 13010 ___ _

deteraiai ■ c

I Adv isor,

Basis to r di?1;tributioa of State toads
State

diatrict.

County

Other l oc d

15 perc:e at.

Cf)

of insuffic i eDCy
of St ate funds

-4

State

re1■b11rsea

,,

county for 85 ~rceat

C
CD

of amount ex~ od ed.

r

1------- - --- ----631 per- 37ll per- I CitJ 37ij State reilt>unes connt r 52tf pPrce-at of
ceat.
cent.
pef'Ceat.
the a mount expended dut'ina t~ precl!'din.r
110nt h for the cos t of ll.Sl!!I is ta ace and ad•in is t ration r ror11 62lt percent ot Federal

ColatJ- 01'

d tJ.

("')

:I:
rn

,,

r

1rant tor us is taDCe aad State tallds.
37' perceat of Pedenl rra■t for assiatace
paid to the ae-Teral coaatiea and citie-s on
tile basis of the total amount disb ane-d
forb ll n dassillta■ ceb7 s u ch counti es and
cities dariq the peri od !or whlc b sacb
1ra11ts att -.de. at

WuUnrtoa ----1----- -----11-40'"

:J
~~

"

:--)
:i
:i
a
~

--- 1CountJ -- 1- -- ------ 1I -------1 I-------

West Virriai& -1130 ------ , __________ 1------------1---

State

Wlocoull - ---- I 1360 per , ______ ____ ,__

CoaatJ --

"-

?

----1 SlOO -------1----------

ymr.•a
W1o■ iq

I

1-ia,

a.au ________

80 per-

cen.

-------1130"• ----

Aluta -------Diatrlct al- Co- 111 )

---1 Couty -- II-------,--------- 1---

State --- I Coon,,

I 20

per- 1--

ce ■ t.

--1 I-------

)>

;:o

rn

r

rn
G'l
Cf)

r

Perce ■ ta,e

of contribution b7 State not
specified. State disburses fullds to indiTidu.la.

State fa.ads allocated to coa ■ t ies ia proport i01. to ■ _,er of cues a■ d con of
liYID(.
State reiltturaes cow.atJ for
t be aaoaat e-xpeadecl.

ao perce■t

of

)>

-4

~

I

FuDlls prorated

aaoae

t lie coaat ies.

State •kes 1r■.nts to coaaties which disbane funds to hdhidaal.a.

----<-------1-- ____ _

----------- -1----

I 130 ------ , __________ ,____________ , __ _

---

Dbtrlct

Dbtrict

of Co-lallbia.

of Co1-ia.

CoantJ __ ,________ _

TerrltorJ_ ,---------

I iadicatea tllat the prariaioa applies wit tlout lim i tation in a riven State.
11t applicaat hu ao coaatJ resideDC:e , S t a te ua o11e5 tota.1 coa t,
• ... i.ataDCe aaJ &1110 be 1n.ated to prieviee t b li nd ne-sa, io.cladieli' n~ce■aary tnt.Ye llo.e:
aDd Ott.er e11:pe ■-• to r.celtt tN•t••t a t a hoa ph a.l OT cl ini c .

)>

-4

rn

State disbanes faDds to iad iYiduals - -- -

State -- -

•

Procedure in case

OD.lt

85 perceat.

--- ) am.,, or

Sl50 -------1--

lacideflce of
tiaancial rM pou i b il tt7

& ■ oa.at

of i od hidu&l. erant

Fiul

N
N

Dlatrlct of Colatlbia disbatllS fanda to
Ind !y iduab.
Territor1 reillbanes coaat iea tor coat of

auiataace aad adlliaiatratioa,

11 1! a pp l icant dof'!'B not h&n
co.iiss ion .

c ounty aet t l e.,et. app li ca t ion L!I Dad~ dl r ectlJ' t o Stat~

.eo Act l &kf!S lato cona ide rat ion Fiederal con t ri t,ut1011 , a nd furt h~r pro• i df!l!I t lla t upon t ai lu re
o f Fcder&l t u o.d■ t he act a ha ll ~co-..e null 11.nd •ol d ·.

Taoltt 17.-Footnotes Continued
11 State arat ate a lt!'t'J of a an• Hfflcleot to ate apao7deflcle,c7 In the State public
1.&lla..ace ••tbeu uoaat wblclt h aot'ficie1t,wM'aadded to other hcoae, toproride
rec:lpie■ t wit• NUo&&ble •abaiateace coapatible with decea.cJ aad health.
welfare had aot h ezcess of tbe au■ appropriated ud charieable to the 'fund.
11
•AllOWIUCe 1raued oDlJ if per-sou lerall,- responsible are unable to P41'·
S600 if both husband and wife arr blind and both haYe applied for assistance.
11300 per JNr - , be 1raated ia cues where busbaad aad wife are both blind.
18
75 percent olState reilllbnraeaent for county char1es &ad 50 percent of the cost otState
'state •1 ue eqaalbation !and U county' is an&ble to furnish aapport.
charees ■ost be pa.id fro. funds Jl&de &T&il&ble by the Federal GOYerueat. Kxclodes &DJ
"Allowaace ■ust bean aaouat which is safficient, wbenadded to other iacome, topro,-ide
UIOUDt exceedine S30 a 110atb paid to an indil'idul a.ad also excludes pa.yae ■ t for sureical
or ardical treataeat.
nclpieat with reasouble sv.baistence c011patible with deceacr aad health. Total uoou
1 "L&v takes into coaideratioa 50 percent contribution of Federal Govenuaeat, and act is
of State &ad coa ■ tJ contribatioa mast not exceed FNen.l co■ tribation.
•·125 au::l- allowed for burial plot if deceased or persons lecally respouible do not
not operatiYe unless !Gads are Mde aTailable bJ the Federal Gorera11eat.
1
6Throue-h countJ weUare boards as aeeats of the- State depart~at.
poness one.
11
'Tile State departaeat ast, vllea necessary in the opiaioa of the State Boa.rd of Public
State reeioaal cti rector joiat ly with coo ■ tJ official. If disa.1reeaeat, State departaent
Mkes
final decision.
Welfare, proride all or &nJ part of local adldaistratiYe coets.
27 kt takes into consideratioa. 50 percent contrlbat ion bJ" Federal GO'lernwnt. Tbe e■ t ire
10 "Assistaace• includes 1101ey, t'ood, clothiq, shelter, aediche, other Mteriala, and
cost of administration is i-,id by the State wit• the exceptio11 of such Federal tuada u
'the 11Yia1 01' u1 se"lce vbich 111.1 be necessarJ or belpfal tor proridiai the recipient
MY be available.
with the •ecessltln of life for bl•elf &lid dependents.
111 Recipient ll&J receiTe, ln add.1tl01., such fonds as are 111.de aYailable b1 the Federal
11
State MJ aasue total financi&l responsibility it parish l.a.cka fanda.
11 City of Baltimore also h.u fiaa.l deteraiu.t ion.
Goreruent, but ia no case 111,y assistance bran a ■ount which, when added to the inccae of
11 A State Hu.aced proeru for blind assistance is adlliaistered by the State Baereency
the recipient fr011 all sources and fr011 the Federal Govern.eat. exceeds 130 per aonib.
1 'Tbrough district or county a1encies desie1ated bydi1'ision of public welfare of State
Welfare Relief C01111issioa throueh coo.ntJ welfare reliefcoaaissions under n.les and reeu801.rd
of Control.
latioas of the State coaaissioa.. Specific prmisions relating to elieibilit1, etc., are
80
Bliad person also elleible for Confederate pemion 111&7 receiTe blind assistance la
not set forth by statute and therefore baTe aot be-ea ilcluded in these tables.
1
aaoant equal to that which be ■ ight receive as a Confederate pensioa.er, e1'en thoueh in excess
'The aaouni. of assistance whea added to all other incOa!arxl support must be suft'icieat
of aaxi ■am allawaoce for blind assistance.
to proride a re&sonable subsistence coapatible with decency and health. Tbe amount paid
st Not ■ore than 10 percent of tbe funds allocat~ to the counties and cities ll&J be used
to each applic&nt llUSt be on tbe B&J1e basis as the amount paid to other applicants siailarl1
for local administrative expenses. If the county or city fails or refuses to prcwide
situated.
.
16
fonds, theState b01.rd must require the local authorities to make funds available. Dorine
Coaiissioaer .of public nlfare required ia all cases to first consult with the proper
official 01' tbe cooatJ or towa required to contribute to the cost of assistance.
the period of refusal or failure, the State must ■ate payments and deduct the aaoa.ats so
11
paid fr011 future State reifllburseaents.
CouDti~ and tans reqaired to contribute to the cost of assistance. In the event a
32Tbe total ioc~ of recipient iacludiae assistance most not be less than l40 per ■onth.
county ortowa cannot pa:, thrUIOuats required, itay file a petition requestiq financial
aid and the State MJ, after inTestieatioa, irant or loan such rands as •J' be necessary.
Hif applicant is blind &nd deaf, al_lawaace is 1480 per year.
17
State departaeatmay allow its local office todeteraiae the manner and uouat of assistU550 is a.Hated for bead of ta111il1.
ance.
S 6 Haxi11u ■ not specified, excei,t that aid is not to exceed S30 per aoath whe■ dependent
18
A.110aat of assistance fixed with doe reeard to coaditioU eJ.istiae i• each cue.
blind child is liTh.e with pareats.

OJ

l>

en

0

g
'-0
N

<ll

Q.

~

C")
0

a( i)

--f

l>

OJ

r

m

en

.....•

~

Digt1zed by

Google

Aid to Dependent Children in Their Own
Homes
125

Dg1 zed by

Google

....

raole l6'.-Provisions for the Ad ■ inistration of Aid to Dependent Children in Their Own Ho■es

N

O')

Or igi. Ml det Pm i nation

ture

ot
Liw

Supervisory

Uirt>et

F i nal

Ad•i,ory

Periodic

A{ rt-qu es t
101 S tat
)(lard

t y d.,. r artr.1t"nt
---------1 M -- , Coun
public we l fare.

S t ate

ot

Oepa. rt tl'ltnt

or

P.Jblic Wdfa.~.

cia l S~u r ity and Well a r r assisted bJ county
board of social sec uritt &nd p!JJhc vt-Ua r e .

2

or

t e Depa. r tmeat
super- IStaSocial
We lh.re .

of

Couat 1 board of supe r-

S tat e Depa r t ment of
PUhlic Wel!are.

Cou at J o r dis tric t dep ar t1111ent of public

welfare .

-I O --1COUllli iss ioae r of WeU a ~

'"a.

C")
0
0

-n

00

C0r1111issione r of We-Uan

Delavan,

CoaatJ board or
social securil•

I

Conruy or dis -

I stated. I

S t.s.U board

I !No period

boa.n:t -

St ate board .

COfflllisS iOI!.
Dis tr ict beard of soc i al we lfa re .

S tat e

I Public W~llart .

State Depa n 111ent of

State Depa.rt •eu of
Public U aiat a.nc.e.

Boa rd of coan.t1 c011111iss ioners.
County o r d ist r ict depa r tmellt o f pablic
velfare .
Coan t7 welfare c0111Z1lsa ioa,

I

~

.,,

r

>
;:cJ

m
I

r

-----1 X

m

G')

en

x.

X -----

>

--4

i

IChief e1ecu t ive

l1 commissioaers.

Welf a re Boa.rd
th rough district hoe.rd
or soc ial ~ltare .
Boa rd of county co-.is O __
Local
sio ne-rs.
Ge org la _______ __ M •• Cooat7 or d is tr ict depa rtmeat o f public
11elfare .
t7 welfare COflUllis--1
Coua
Idaho -----------1 H ••
al oo.

---------1

-I S tat e

t CWD and boa rd

State Mothers I Pens i ou

C:
a,

r

r

Of COQDtJ COllt-

~n.si oa

~

"'Cl

n

X -- --- I St ate co•-

111.i ssioa .

Florida:

-------- -1 0 - -

tha.n
a pplic.&nti

trict boa r d of
public ve l f are.

ai ssioaers .

CoOIII iss i OD.

St ate

o ther

a.n.d public ~ 1-

t owD and board of co oa-

----- --- 1H • • Stat e Motber:s 1

rt0ti on

1

aa t ho ri tJ o.f

assisted bv chief e1ecu t ive a.athorit7 or

0

~
;;;

d~pa r t men t

meu on owa
1

vis ors . r

welfa re.

.fl

we ltatt .

Public We l fare .

Cvlo r ado -- --- - -- H - - County o r dis tr ict depa rt tten t of public
Conuec t icu t --- -

t o State

Coun ty ba& M o·f public

State Depar t11rnt o r

Dr.pa rt 111ent of
?ublic Welta l"'C' .

boa.rd
------1 M-- 1Co•JD\J
visors.

&ppl 1C.4Dt

f urthe r iav ~ t ii&t ion
by Sta.te
depar t meat 1

ta~ .

-- --- --- 1"'- -- IState

Californ 1a

R~vi-,, bJ

"""'

S tate Oepa ruieat of s~
cial Secn rit1 Md Wt"lt are.

Ari ton.a-------- - M- - State Depart~nt of So-

Arka nsas

I

~

Upo a c

lpUliat b
iS tat e depart- person

Appeal o f

0

depart-

Al.a.batn..,

en

Ap~al a lld r eYi N

Rec nn~ ide rat ion

'u-

Sute

•

Oetienri n!ltion of eli2ib1 llt r

Adm in ist rat 1. ve re.spocs ibi li t y

Sta te boa rd

X ---- -1X

-I St ate boon! -1- - ------ 1State board .

X -------- ---1 -- --- --- 1I .

X ----- 1X -·---·----- 1X ------ -----1---- ----1X.

--------1 "--1

J,...■ile

1

-------1-------, -------------, ------------j --·-·•·--1

J ..Hll• coort ________ State 0-rt•■t o1
coa rt -- - --- - - , I ) ------ ---- --,----l'llbllc lleUan.
hdlau _________ N __ Coa ■ tJ or diatrlct de- State Depart-• o1 Co'latJ or d is tr ict de- -- -·--- - ---·- - · - ------------ 1 ---- · 1------- · --- I _________
X,
of pab l ic
l'llbllc lleltan ,
part ■ eat
part ■ e a t
ot pabllc
aUare .
welfare.
_____________ .., _______ Ja•nUe court ______ __
Iowa
Jffe■ile coart __ ______
II.MU-- - ------- N __ Coauy board o1 social State Be.rd ot Social
Coaatr
boa rd of social
Stat
e appeal4
t•J ....I (') .
veUare.
vel1are.
Welfare.
c011D11ittl!'e.
le■tDCt, ------- - 0 •• Cooa■tr cUldrea'• ba- State Depart••t ot Coa.at7 c hild rell 's bu- __ __ ________ __________________ ___ __ ( 8 )
reaa .'
reaa."
Welfare .
Paris• clepartaeat ot State Depanaeat ot Pariah depa. rt meat of --- -------- -- --Loalala■a ·-·-···
· - - - --- X
q"atta I,)
pablic welfare.
pabl!c we Hare .
l'"lblic lleUare.
State Depa.r t111en t of Municipal bO&rd ------------ ------- CClllllliss i oner
Maine·--··-····· N -- State Depart ■ eat ot
Health ud We lfare .
of child welBealt• ■adllelfare uo f be&lt b
slated by naicipal
ta~.
aid we lfar e .
baud of chi Id welfare.
Mar,la■d · ·- · ··•- I"--1 Coaatr welfare board. Board at State Aid Coeur welf a r e baa.rd. 1-----· ----·- ·• --1 --------·---1I -----1St a t e boa rd- I State board -l -------1 State beard .
Balt l ■ ore Oepart.,n t
ud CMrit ieo.
Baltl ■ ore Deparot Welfare .
ot Welfare.
N
I.ocal beard ot pablic State Dep&n••• ot Loe.al board ot public --···--·------·-1Aunually --- 1-------1 Appeal bO&rd vel1a.re .
welfare.
l'llbllc lleUare .
Coa1tJ probate cou..rt , Cou ot7 velfare
Nlchlfu -------- N- - Couty probate coon, Jne■ Ue dbisioa. •
Jwea.lh diYision.
aaent or probat ion ort icer.
Coa.atJ
we
l:h. r e board
Hhnesota - --- --- 1 N --1 Connty welfare beard
State Be.rd ot ConI
Stat<l>Oard'°. I S t ate board-1 ---···•-I State board.
lllhoia

------------10 --1

1-·------------·-1 ·-----------1 -------1
------------

"-·

<••

1-----------.I

----- ----•-------------i ________

---------------------

Maa■ac--tt■

---1 ~-1

--------- ------- ----

----··--·-··----1---·--·--·-·I -----1

trol.

-----10--1

Cbaaceq cou r t _______ _

11

Mississippi
Cha.acer, coart _____ _
Miuoari -------- M__ State Social Security

State Social Secarit7

Coalsaioa. 111

Montana

---------1

H --1 Conaty

depart••• ot
pabllc welfare.

Ca.ales i on. 12

IState
Depart-•
l'oblic Welfare.

securi t 7 co•
111issioo,

ot C o ■ atJ department
pub lie we 1! ar e .

Cl

of

--------• I.

(')

Nebruta : 1"
0

Oriri ■al

·~

Sapple..atarr - 1 H--1 Coau, assia t uce coa-

~
;;;

Q.

0

~

~

court --------

Re li e t ttONted

~

0

------1 N -- 1JaYeaile coart ----·---1----------·-···-···-·IJneaile

Nonda

f State

Be.rd at Co■-

COll ■ tJ

■ it tee.

trol.

u sistaace c0rtaittee.

sioner.s.

aeat.

a1owra.

----------! N --1 Board ot county c~•-1 State Welfare Depart• I~rd ot coun17 co..,is -

See foouotes at end of table.

►
en

se•i-

aonoallJ.
Annuall7 ---1X -----

.

, ,___
I"! ..

-I
►

~
,

l'T'I

en

•
.....

"'......,

.....
N

Table 18.-P.rovislons for the Adllinlstration of Aid to Dependent Children in Their Own Ho■es-Continued

00

Ad■ inist ratiYe

Rec onsiden 1. ion

Orieina.l detenniaatton
Sat are
ol

State

Apf>t"al

law

Fia&l

Ad• i sory

Pe-riodic

Appeal or

o! State

app licant
t o Stat"'
de-pa r t~nt 1

~ p.u t -

~.., Ha.mpshire ___

1~-- 1St•te
Depar t meat o
r
Pub Uc We Uare.

Sta t e coll'!Olhs ioner o f
public. welfare.

It

Couur wel fa re board -- State &iar d Qf
C h i l d r en ' s
Guardians .

Nev ~ 1. ic o •••••• M•• S t ate Oepa.rtnrat o f
Public Wel h. re.

S t a tc Dep&rtnte"Dt of
Public Welfare. 20

l

I

New Tork _______ _ I M-- 1Coant:, o r city board of
cbild veUare. 21

I

State Oe-partineot of
Soc i al Welfa r e .

I

by

St ate- boa. rd _

)

Nev Jerser------ M--- Count y welfare board
ass isted bJ St&te Boa r d
ot Child r en's Guard1a ns.

ti:,I

lpla l nt
Furt hf!> r 1 nS tat t dt' part- ~rs o n ve-~ t lgat 1011
llleft t 011 own
oth"' r
b7 S ut~
,MJti oii 1
dep.,.rt~u t 1
t h an
appl ic aii t
R~v1 ~

.... Ol
18

~

IJpori c o ~

qu,:,st
ho.rd 0

en

sad review

At re -

Su pervi sor y

Direct

•

Detem ioa t l on of elieibilitr

res po ui!lilitJ

Fwly Yisited a t lea.s t
4 t i m~ a

(

19

)

~--- --- 1S ut~

Boa rd

S tate- Board

or Ch ild r "1l'!I
Guard i aa5 .

of Cht.L:tr'!'ii ' s

Gua r dians .

X- - - -- 1 Sta t e board - 1 Stat e board.

Local o ff i ce o f
Sta t e D~pa rt arat o f Public
Wel!a r e .

Cooaty or city board of
cbild we lfa r e. 11

Sta ce boa.rd.

c.O

;::-,.:

l

O'

•-::::

C")
0

a-

Nor tb Dakot & - - - - j M __

S ta te

fa re. u

1····· ··1I

en

lu I .•. I I .

r
>

h

-I

0

Public We lf are

Sta t e

Boar d assis t ed by CO!l&-

tr wel h.re board .
H •. Ju venile Judge or otbe-r

Ob i o

boa rd OT' &gene y des iii-

t e d bJ cb& r t er or
law.

11 a

I

I

Olt!Ahoma .• •.•••. H •• S t at e

rJ

Pub l ic Welfare
Comiss i oa assisted by

fare. C it y public welottice r . 13

Public We lfare

Boa rd.

State Depa rt meat of
Public We lf are , di• is ioa o f charit if!'!I.

aod

I

S tat e Public We lfare
C01111iaa ion .

---------- 1H -- 1Coun t y ~li ef cCBllht ee !State Relief Coiaitttt ICooat 1 r e li e f ca. it t ee

Sta t e Boa rd

o! Allotments
and Appea !.:as

o!Allouoents
aod Appeal.

. I State

At

board

. I ••··· · ••I Sute

l east 4 1 ••• • ••• 1 X ••••• • •••••

f • .• • .. • ... • . . . 1-

••···•• I X.

tiles a year.

I

Cou n ty &Hi..stance board .

X •.... I State Public
We-Uare Com111issloa .

boa r d,

Oreroa

State Boa rd

board.

le Judee or other
board or ag e oc1 des ig-

cooat y ass i s t a nce

Appeal.

X .••.• I Sta te board

County we lf are

Jue ■ t

aa t t!'d bJ' cha rter o r
l aw .

z:

X •• •• • I S ta t e Board
o( Allotme11ts

Co uaty boa r d of c haT'it lrs and public wel h. ~

::tJ
l'TI

G")

Allo wa ac••
r r an~d tor
pe ri ods,

S tate Boar d o f Cba r itie-s and Pub lic Wel-

~

r
Tl
>

l'TI

6 - ■ o nt

No rt h Ca. r olina •• l H __ fCo t1nt7 boa r d ot cba ri t ies a nd pub li c V!!ltare . Ci tr p:i blicwelt a.re otticer . 13

CD

r

r

sabjec t t o
r enewal.

0

"U

C:

(")

r ear.

I

-I

l'TI

St ate Rf'lie f
COlllll t tt!tt ,

1······ ······ · 11ul •.. IX.

board.

i...

I

· l'l>••1lnaia---- I M--1 Collat, board of ualat- , Stat, Department of County board of u s lataace.
Public Assis tance .
aoce.
Rbode Island

----1 M --

c

f

South Carolina --1

Bureau of Aid to Dependeat Children, Division
of Social Sec urit1,
State DepAr t~nt of

State Depart... t of
Public llelfareualated b1 local director
of public welfare or
local board of aid to
dependent children.

"-- State

Public w~uare.

C011 ■ tJ

I"--1

depart• ■t

public nlfare. 17

fare.

---------111""-1 State Board of

of public

I Public We lfa r e.

St&te Depa rt men t

of

welfare.

Yerwont --------- H__ j State Depart••t of
Public Welfare.

0

Vir,iala--------, H--,

;;.

Vulliarton ______ M-- Boa.rd ot couatr ca.ais-

~

C;
0
0

-

00
(v

of

X---- - 1 X

Regional director of
Dep&rt.ent or Institut io119 and Pablic Welfare jointly with count1 judge or chainun
of cou.nty c our t or j uTenile j adie . 28

X.----1 X

Count J commiss ioners '
cou rt.

Utah------------ H __ C011at7 or diatrict de-

"'a

State Oepar t111eot
Social Securi ty.

Local---------, ICouat1
court. e<-lsalooera'
Q __

cg·

Coaatr or citr board of
public weUare.

sioaen.
lleot Vlrsi■ ia ---1

M--18 ta to

Depart ■eat of
Pobllc Au iata11ee •-

s isted br coa ■ tr public &Salat1111c:e co11J1CU.

See footnotes at end of table.

fare or local
board of dd t o
depe~a t c hil-

X--- - - 1 X

Local agenc1 des i i nated
by State Boa rd o f Control, diYision or publi c welfare.

I

dir~-

tor of poo lie
veltare.u

Coua tr depart meat of
public welfare . 2 '

Coatrol,
diYlaloa of pmlic welfare tbroaeh local
areuc, deai1uated by
lt.

part ■ ent

I Annually -·-1 X ••·•-1St at e

of public wel-

------- -1 1.

Of

Sooth Dakota ____
State Departaeat of
Social Secarlt1.
· Te1Dessee _______ "-- Depart•at ·01 laatltut ioas ud Public Wel-

Texas:
State

Local di ttctor

dren.

Depart ■ eat

of
hblic llelfare tbrou1b

C

X -- · -·- -- -·

S tat e Board
of Cont r ol.

X• • ..• I X

Count y or dist r ict de-

Stat e Board of Public
We lfare.

S tate Oep&rtment o r
Soc i al Se cu rit y .

I.

p ar t 11e nt o f public
vel!are.

ICounty or city boa r d of

X .• . .. I Stote board

-1

State boa rd.

State board.

public we lfare .

x.

Boa.rd of cou nty commis -

sioners .
St at e. Depa rt D'le nt of
Pub ll c Assista nce ,

I assistance I
C ouDt Y pnblic
COUllCil.

Senia.nnually-

I CJ
►
en

X

S tat e De- pa.rt!PW!Dt o!
Public We lfa re .

I

x.

X-- ······- ··

Boa ro of r e-

view of State
d!!-partml!nt.

IX

Citizen -I

t"' I.

(")

-I
►

CJ

r

m

en

....•
N

(0

....

TaOIB 18.-Provisions for the Ad11inistration of Aid to Dependent Chi ldr..n In Their Own Hoaes-Continued

\).)

0
Odiin.\l detemina.t l oa

Reconsideration

Na-

o!
Jaw

DirK t

S11perv i5o r r
Final

Yi.sca ns in - - - -- -- 1M- -1Coao. ty depa r H1en t o f \ State pens ion depan-

µt,lic velta.re. 32 Count:, petui o n depart men t . 35 Juvenile or

Wyomina _______

-- 1

H •• J S t

District o! ColaJUbia .

~part?'Sent
ot Public Welta~ .

--1

IM

Boa'l"d ot Public Wel.!a.re

Havaii __ ______ __ N __ Coun ty pllblic welfare
cOCIU'liss100 .

g
N

<ll

Q.

~

C")
0

a( i)

1

Stat!!' Depa rt ment of
Public Welfare.

Appe&l o !
appli cant

Ren ew !'> y

Sta t e depa r t -

t o State

"'e'lll t

depart,ien t I

Jl&O t

011. CM'D

lon 1

ap_e_lica.nt

r

Ter ritori al Boa.rd of
Public Welfare .

Coa nt 1 public welfa~
cO!lllll ission .

C

CD

(')

-- -1------- 1X - -------- --1 X - - - - · - ----- 1---. -- -- 1X.

~
r
>

,,

County department of public

l

-- --- 1Stat<

bo.trd

-1-------- -----1---- ----1Stat~

boanl .

,,,
,,,

::0

r

GI

fl2

of Public Welfare.

Board of Public Wel!are

-I

.,

1---..---- ---- ..... --- \ Te rri torial Depa rt ment

1---------------------1

,,,

pl.&in t bJ I Farthe- r in~ rs o.n Testir at Loa
ot her
bJ State
thu
departmeo t 1

welfare .

lt authority t o hear &ppea.ls, t o rev i ew decisions , a.Dd to ma.ke furt her inestigations
placed by law wit h a. sp« ific a2enc7 witbi n t~ department , tbe spec ific agenc1 i s
nued eithe r in the b ody of the t able or in a f ootn ote.
2coo11t 1 board5 of public welfa r e ma1 be esU.blished b y county board of supeITisors or
bf g4;tition of elec t orate .
In Cook County th@ bu r ea.u of public welf a re iavestiiiates f or and cooperates with the
juvenile court.
&state B0&rd of Soc ia l We lfare 1111.1 affirm, 1110di!J, or s et aside &DJ' decision of the appeal
cCllalittee.
5 Applicaat , client, inte r ested persoa, taxpa.7er, a.a, coo ■ tJ boanl , or prhat e agencJ
a&f appeal, setting fort h p&nic alaB of Yi ol&t ioa .
0
The State director of aocia l wella.tt ls authorized to order a n iaveatia:ation of the
&cthities of &11 couatJ boa rd or pr hate aa:eacr wbenet-er he dea DKesaarJ, orwhene-rer
the State board rec011111enda eucb aa iPestii:i&tioa .
is

...,

'boa.rd O
depa rt -

j;!

Upon COIi

J o.veoile or

X indi ca~es t ba.t th6__provis i on applies wit hout l iiidtatioo i n a g iTeD S tat e.
M indicates maadator1 provision.
0 ind icates op ti onal pr ovis ion.

'-0

r State

CJ)

Apped and ~Yi ew

county judRe.

ate Oepartl!le.1u ot

----10 -- 1Territorial

~ r iodic

Ana .. 111

ptblic ~l!are. 32 County pen s i o n depa rt tllt'i:it.33

county jud11e .

AdTbory

County department of

ment.

Public W'l!Uare A55i.sted by county depar t ment o! public welfa r e.

Alaska - - . - --

At reques t

ture

State

•

Detenn i na.t ion ot eliribilitJ

Admiai.s trative re5 ponsibilitJ

>

~i&JUID&lly_

Territori&l
board.

I

-I

Te rr i t orial
board.

Territ o rial
boa rd .

u~bra.sk.a has en&c ted an "aid to dependent childre n"' statut e in whic:b it is spec if ically
s t ated that the statut e is is upplemeu a r r to t be oric ioa l "mothers I a.id• law. The t e n1S
ort itna l u1d suppteaen taru a tt ased t o dis tha:u i911 t he 2 s tatat tt.
10 Appeal 11a1 be takea bJ ta.xpiJe r or an y rel&tiYe of the c hlld.
11
Appe&l allowed t o dist r ict cou rt of cou.a ty ,
17
Ao7 taxpa.Ji aa: cit ize ■ or a 111elllbe r of the b0& rd of coantJ c01111111sstoners •1 tile a ■ot ion
anJ time t o set aside or IIIOdi!J the a11oaa t of &Ssistance.
111
Coaai.ssio■e r of public welfare must detennille t be elig ibili tJ of all applicants aad
the amount of assistance , bat 11nst ia all cases fi rs t coasu lt the pr oper officials h
the counties or tcwris reqairerl to co■ tribute to the cost ot s uch usistaace.
111
Appeal allowed toSta te Depart meat of Iastitoti ons' and Aeencies or to its dalJ authorized repreaeatati'Te,
1
°5tate dep!lrtaell mar allow its local office to deteniiae wbetber aaaiatance - , be
li' t'&ated &od tlle aaoont and maaae r tllereot.
11 It u appropria.tioaiaaot 116.detotbe boardotcbild welf&re,powenaad datin de-robe
opoa the county or ci ty co.luione r of pablic weUan, .
11 h1 persoa ~ .. 1 ■, kn<01led1• th&t rel\•f l■ granted lo Ylol&tlon ot law M 1 file a coapl alnt.

0

z

"State Depart•at of Welfare ll&J' oreaal1e lcxal welfare departae1ta.
•state board aathorhed to take aecnsary action. to secure Federal benet!ta.
1 .l

State financed prorru for aid to dependeot children

!1

ada!nlstettd b7 the State

B:aeraency Welfare Relief ec-issloa throuch coua.ty welfare relief ca-1.issiou ua.d~r rules
&ad r,aulatiou of the State c,-isaioa. Specific prorlslona relatlq to ellrlblllt7,
etc., are not set forth by statute and therefore have not been. included ia tllese tables.
10 Appe&l froa declaion of the State board allowed to district court of couatJ where application vu tiled. Applicant, recipint, or State board •Y appeal decisioa of district
coon to State Supretle Court.
11 CoaatJ departaeata of publlc welfare are authorized to araa.t &id to depea.deat cbildrea
i ■ their cws llcaeis fr011 public taads ll&de &Y&ila.ble for welfare ae"ices.
1&tbe citJ' of St. Loaia is authorized to establish & board of children's guardiana. Sacb
board - , adailister local &.ci priY&te funds for aid to depeDdeat cbildrea ta their owa
hoaes &lld other child welfare- &cti"rities.
1 8F'urtber appeal allowed to tll!- circuit court whose decision MJ be appealed u
ia civil

cues.

11Clt7 of Roct7 Noaat •J b• c-tlnted a separate ldalalstratln district.
.. Board of co,117 cOMl11loaen1 MJ also re,iew award.
16Board of covDtJ c0Mia1l011en1 - , also rtYlew declaloe.
11
State director of public welfare - , deaiaaate peraoas to bear appeala.
1
'Ia Charleston Co■aty tlle c01taty veUare board llu direct &dahiatrat lYe r•pouibilitJ
for &id todepeDde1t childrea la tlleir owa llloaes aider tlle supeniaioa of tile State Depan.. u of Public Welfare.
29
h cue of dlsa1re•e•t tbe Depart•at of Iastitutlc:ms and l'"lbllc Welfare - •
declsioa.
.. No State fuada were anllable u of Juaar, l, 1939•
0
• Appllcaot - , appeal to tbe director of Oe State Depart••t of Soc1'al Secarit1 aid
froa hia decisioa to tbe couty superior co■ n .
31
State departae11t - , also reaaad applicatioa to coa11t:, for fantaer inestiratioa.
aa8stablish11e1t optional iA coautl• of II00,000 popelatloa or aore •
Mgstabliab.. nt optional la co1 ■tl• of I.us tbu 500,000 populatioa.

CD

)>

(J)

-n

-I
0

£"
;;:j

"'Cl.

~

C')
0
0

-

00

rv

)>

CD

,.,,
r

(J)

•

~

\JJ
~

Table 19.-Personal Qualifications for Aid to Dependent Children in Their O.n Ho11es

t;
N

Ot her a 1,u1-li !icat ions to r atd

Re.sideac e
State

Age
in
years t

Re l.a.tion s hip o f
applic ant t o child

U. S . ci tiz ens hip

S tate

Per.s ou l ! ita e ss
o! Appl1 ca,n t

Local

Prov 1st on
of ~u i t-

Ht sce l l a.11e ou 5

l'T'I

--- ------116 --111
16__ (

1•1

"U

C

I ' )- -· · ·

CD

r

va.s bo rn ia Statf! withi n

0

year p~cediae appli cati o n, 1no t h~r aus t h.a.Ye
re3 ided io Statl'! l 7ear .

----- -1 18 -- 1Any

O, ild or p,1renu , l year
i11mediat e l7 p r ec edinr
.1.ppli c a t ion o r child
bo r n io St.ate.

~ r son c.a.ri ni' to r c hild_

16

~
l'T'I

r

I (1 1

"Tl
J>
::0
l'T'I

1•1

Colo rado-·· -- ··· \
·· 1 1'1
Conne c t icut __ ___ 16 __

r

X ••· ·••·

l'T'I
G)

dec lared intent ion , or

CJ)

r

i s & wido,r ot United
Stat es veteran,
Delaware ······ ·· 116

··I 1 1
7

Florida:
Sta t e ------ ---

0

g
;;;;

~
$,

0

0

a

~

116
Georgia ·········115 ..
!~~:o~~·:::::::: ~~;~:
Local •........

IDdiau ........ ·

1 •

>
-l

Applicant,

Parents, re la tives , or guar dians.

I' I

Mother, fem&le rel.a.the within

App lica nt, 2 yea.rs

2d degree, or gurdiaa .

1•1

~

l ' I . ....

----- -1App lica.at, l

I

Ch ild 111ust atteD.d school
regula r ly .

rear - Ken tallr, mo r ally , an d
phr s ic&ll y tit.

I' ) ···· •

1•1

116 .· 11" I

l ' I .....
Aid i s disc onthued it
moth e r ren\Arries,

Iowa ......... . . . 16 . •

wsas .......... / 16 .. 11•1
Ke■ tac k7 ____ _____

-l

-l

Ar izona ____ __ ___ 16 __ ( 2 1
2)
lr k&D SA.5 ----- ·· -

California

CJ)

J>

a ble hott

2

A!Abarna

•

114tl_1Hotber or

Mo t her, 2 yea rs .. IHe1t&l17, norally, ud I ( 19 1 • •.•
phrslcall1 fl t.

f eu.le st&1dia&; ia

l oco p&r e• tis .
Loa.ia la.aa __ ____ _ 16 __ 1•t

1•1

Nai•-----------1 le --1 1•1 ------------------------- -----------------------

..,.lud ________

I

18 -- 1"1------------------------- -----------------------

I(•)

1-----------------1----------------------~ 1•1 -----I

("I _____________________ •
--------------------- ---- -----

Child's rell1lou faith
is beln1 teetered a■d
protected,

... u. ---I le
Nlcllipa --------117

8

--1 ( 1

ftt to briaf cldldre
-------------------------1-----------------------1 111--------------------- Notber, 1 1ear ---1 Proper
raardlaa -----1p

To child 1·a ad'Yuta,e to
reaai ■ with ■other.

--1 Notber ----------------------

Nluaota _______ I UI --1 Notber, attpaother, frucl- Mother la citlsea or
110tber, ahter,
or aa.at.

Nlaalalppl

1••1 ----

a

■ tepeisttt,

be dllcl&Nd lateatioa.

1

11

---------------------1---- -------------1--------------------· -I 1•1 -----1 1

11

-----I le --1 Pareat,

Parea t. 1u.rdiaa,

f11&rd!u, or other Applicut be citlpersoo bnia1 lecal caiod1,
••• or mt ba.., ade
appllcatloa.

11•) ________________________ -1-----------------------1

1.

or other per9011
ba•ia1 1e,a1 cutodt , 1 7ear.

Nls•oorl ________ , 16 __
I8 )
Nootua _________ 16 __ 11 1 ________________________________________________ 18 )

________ _
Child
1

_________________ ----,------- _______ ----,---- ___________________

_____________________

118 1._ ___________________________________ ('I

-----1

■ast

aot, becaaae

of a phJSlc&l or ■eatal
coadhioa, be i a need
of coatiaued care i ■ a
pablic i ■stitutioa.

Nebraska: 17

Ori1iaal ------116 --1 Mother----------------------

Sapple■eatal')'

Mother, 2 :,ear•--1-----------------------1---------1 Will be to child'a adYUt are to reu.ia at
ho■e with ■other,

-116 --1 l'I -------------------------

1•1 ---------------------

Hen.cl& __________ 16 11- Hotber ---------------------New llaapsbire ---116

--1 (1 1 -------------------------

New Jersey ------11&

--I Mother

or feale studiq la
loco pa~atia.

Mother, 2 years

1-----------------------1

:: ~::t ___ ___l !: ..I::: ________________________J_ __________________ ___I
0

<g
N-

"'

C.

North Clroliaa --116 __ I I I ----------- -------------North Dakota ____ 18 ••
1u 1 -----------------------Ohio ____________ 1685_

CT

'<

C")
0
0

-

ca
( i)

Otlalto■a

111 ------------------------________ I l& __ I 11 1 _________________________ I Child

See footnotes at end of table.

■ast

be citizen

~-1 Heata.lly,

110ra.U7, and
phJSie&lly fit.

Child aot iaa te of pabllc lnstitutioa.

Cbild, l rear or bon of
110tber wbo has resided
la State l rear. 19

110 1

-------------1 HeatallJ,
■orall.J, a•d I ('"I ----1 Need nst aot be due to
ph7slcall.J flt.
willfd aealect.

:J ______________ ___I
::: ~----------~::~~~~~~:, ::::::::::::::::::
18 )- __________________

1•1 ---------------------•------------- - .I 15 1 _____________________ , _________________ _

Meatall.J:

■orally: aad I l'I -----

phJS ically fit.

1••t_ __ _

1•1 ----He ■ tall,1, ■orally,

phJS!cal17 flt,

ud

1..1 ----

CD

►
en

(')

-I
►
CD

r

m

en

•

8

....

Taole 19.-Personal Oual i fications for Aid to Dependent Children in Their O.n Homes-Continued

't:.

Oret? OD

--- ------- 116 ..

~enn"iylv.i.nia __ .

Residence

Age
I l0
years 1

State

ReL1. t1003~ip o r

..ippl1c.u1t t o c hild

1J. .:i.

c.i

th e-r ,1uali!icA.t i ons fo r a.id

ute1ut.1p

St.,te

Per-s!:iaAl r1t ne3:s
0 ! a.ppl1 c.u1 t

Loc,1. l

PrO\"iSlOD

or ~u1 t::iblc !u::11r.r.

l ' J .....

1•1 .... • .

-1 l O. _ IMother

Rhod~ I s t..1.ad •••.

16 __

Sou t h D.iko ta ___ _ 16 ..
Tenoes3 t-e _____ ••

! ")

16 --

16. .

C

OJ

:)u1tll.b1l1 t r L1~ terr.11n~ i1

t:,· rult.:s o C .)u te d e-

r

jH.rtM-nt .

(")

l' I
I')

C'I ----·---- -

Ten~ :
~tat e ________ _ 14 . .

:IE

.--.-······-··-···I:::::::::::::::::::::::

1• 1 • . . ..

1•1 . . •.•

1• 1

m
Must be

pro~r ~rson

en

116 ·· 1( )

0
4

I t)

1 1 • ··· •

Wiscon5in ____ ___ 1st5_ [ l}

proper person
to r ca.re !. Dd cU3tod)'

Fil a nd

N

co un t r ;

Q.

11a)·

b"

ot ch i ld.

wa. hed bi 3 t a.te
dep,'\rtl!lea t if
c h i ld resided 1n
3ta le l year.

~

( i)

►
-4

?aren t, l i'eAr 3

<ll

a-

r

!-lcn ta lly. f!l.Ora.lly, a.nd
physically fi t.

2

C")
0

VyOl!l i Di · ·•• ••••• 115 · • 11 •1
AIAsk.a __ _ _____ __ 16H. Mo th e r or !einale s tan ding in

loco paren ti s.

Dist ri ct
hunbi &.

ot Co- 116 .• I Mo t her

ll&vall • ••••••••• [ 18 •• I (07 1

►

G'l

t o c..tre fo r child.

'-0

"Tl

r

Virg i ni• • ••.•.• • I 16 • • 1 1'1
YA5hiDjtOD • • ••• •

r

::0

Loe,!•• ·· ••··. 16 .• Hot
2
16 - - I I
VerMnt __ ___ ___ _ 16 .• 12 1

West Vi r finia ___ 16 __

m

m

Utali

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-4

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"0

1•1

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12 I . .
1'1

Souih C.uol10.1. __

•

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Misc e l laaeou.s

or guard i a.n _______ ___ , Applic~u t iscit i ten or
b.as Mde decla.rat i oa
ot int e nt ion.

1• I
~o t he r ■us t be r t!slde nt
tor l yea r irnmedia t e lf
precediDe ft lini o t pcti tioa .
Applicant , l yl!'ar ______ _

l'I . ....
Hu5 t be & ti t and proper P'!f'SOD. to have c.a re,

cont r ol. a ac1 cu.5tody
of the ch i ld.

Proper penon to ca. re
! or chi ld.

1•1...•••

z

hdlcat•• that the proYimioa applies vithoat U ■ haUaa h • rhea State.
'O•lt cbtldre• Hder tbe :,pecttied ares are eli1Jble for aid .
RJ>areus, 1raadpareat ■, brother, sister, steppa.rents , stepbrother, 1tepsister, Hele,
or aunt.
'OIHd ■ 1151 ha~ resided ta State for 1 year i1111edlatel1 precedhc appllcat l oe or •st
Mve bee.a born iD the State within 1 year h111ediately precediaa application if ■other reaided ia State 1 year 1-.ediatelr prec~iar birtb ot child.
'Suitable fa.a i l.y ha.e aeetinc sta.Dd&rds of care a.ad bealtb fixed b7 Law &Id tbe r■ l~
of tbe State u.d/or a State arenc7.
6child ■ust ha'f'e resided 111 cou1t7 for 1 year iaaediatel7 precedtar appllcatioa to receh'e COUDlf aid .
1 1f federal rruu are aot &Tail.able, .:>ther ast ll&•e • settleaeat orba•e resided h
State 4 yea~.
7
Parents, rrudpareats, brother, sister, stepparents, stepbrotbeir, stepaiater, uacle,
ant, or uy person atudiae ia loco pa.rentis to tbe child.
1 A.id MY be co n.tlnued beyond the age of 16 rears if it appean to the board of couatr
conlissioners tha t it is tor the best hterest of the child .
iPareats, grandparents , brother, sister, stepparen.ts, ste,pbrother, stepsister, un.cle 1
aun.t, any person in loco parentis, or &DJ person carh1 for childre1 h prhate boae by
juven.ile court order.
1 °Child ■us t be oader 14 reanotare a.ad bon i i United States Uaother b 1ot • citizen. bet has declarM hr iate ■ tioa of beccaiae a citi~a. CoDDtJ-, order relier co1tiaoed Htil child &ttaiu MjoritJ Uthe child is i ncapaci tated tor wort.
11
Pareats, 1raadpa~llls, brother . sister. stepparents, stepbrother, stepsiuer . ucle,
or aun.t. Aid provided to children. who are aot public vards and who are liviae witt, persons not in the proper deeree or relationship to ■ate the ■ eligible tor aid to depeaden.t
childttn. Such chilrJ ,iu$t be liYiag in a suitable foster h011e or institution con.forming
to the standards of care and health fhed by law and the rules &ad reeula.tioDS of the
State Depart111eat of Public Welfare.
12
Ir school record is sa.ti.sCactory or- child is disabled for eaploJ11ent, aid •1 be cQDtinued until child is 16 years old.
1 ~HOllle satis!actor/ tor train.iag and rearing children.
14
Chi ld ■ust ha.ve resided ill the State tor 1 year iaaed iately preceding applica.tioa,
,iust have btta bon ia the State within 1 year iaaedia~ly precedin.r application if the

x

aother residN h the State 1 year J~dlately precedhr tbe birth of the child, or U
the aother baa re1ided ii the State for l 1ear i1111ediatel1 precediac the date of application. .
•ta,nd ■ost attead achoo! rorolarly •Dl•aa hcapacltated or o,er ocbool a,e aad 111e11relirlOGs laltb u
be
ployed throu1b ao laolt al !ta ow1 . II practicable h._
child's !a ■ il7 .
11Couaty coatribates only it child h&s been. ttsideat of coaatJ fore aontbs or Uchild
is less thu 6 1101llbs old ud itsaother hu resided ia cou ■ ty 6 80'1tha prior to application .
ttNebrasta hu enacted an •aid to diepe■ de■ t children• statau h wfrlicb it is specifically stated that the statute is suppleaentary to the ortrinal •■others' atd• law. The
tenas ortctnol and supple1&Bntar11 are used to distiaguhh the 2 :statutes.
11
A.re lill'lit exteaded it child is in.capable o!aelf-support bttaase ofph,sical diaa.bilitJ.
11
H Federal aid is wi thdrawa residence in. State ~ years i~diately precedhc tbe 1raat
of assistance shall be required.
10
Residence of l year h countr is re1,uired to eatabllah liability of a cou■ tJ for the

••st al•-

••~~ort ol a cb! Id.
Persoa h whose home child resides nst aailtaia a safe aad proper IK>lle for 11.taself
&Id su.ch child .
uPareats, rraadpareats. brother, sister, steppare-1ta, stepbrother, stepsister, a1cle,
or aunt. lid is also gran.ted it child is li'f'inf in a foster hoae other thu tbat of a
relati•e. ie a hcae ■aintained or proYided b7 aay child-cari•r or child-plach1 a1e1c1
doly authoriled uader the laws of North Dllkota . or ia a ■ y Coster hc:ae other than t.bat of
a relatiTe &pproYe'1 and selected by s•cll. u aceacr aad &pproYed by the State board.
ealf c hild is .::ire than 16 and less thu 18 yean or qe, aid aay be cranted at discreti011 of couatr &dainistration.
14
Coaditioas ia hoae ia which child is lhhe IUst be auch that ttvo•ld be to bis benefit to coat.hue to liTe there.
15
A.id M)' be rruted to ■ inor cbtld over 16 years of ace, but h such cases the coaatr
is n.ot eotltled to Federal aid.
Hg1cept aathe children. who are proYide-d for b7 the Depart■eat of tbe hterior.
17
Paren.ts, rran.dpare■ ts. brother, sister. steppartats, stepbrother, stepsister, aacle.
or au.at . Aid also eraDted to child lhia1 ta suitable fuil7 boae or i ■stitatlo1 conforeinr to stalld&rds fhed by the Territorial board.

CD
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..-

Tabl• 20.-Need (),Al I flcatlona for Aid to Dependent Children In The Ir O•n Hoaes

~
•~eed du e t o f oU awtn i:' c-,.u-.-s 1> f lnbi l nr ot p .trt'i,nt -11 t o s uppo rt c h1lrt

Li11itat1011s oo. propert y

St a te

li ■ i t&t 1ocs

oa income

I

Appl1c.aat

Aid

So rel.1-

rt1ust no t

ciKeS-

t lYf!S

hue dn- sary
to
po sed of
propert y preto quall- serwe
r,
home

I

Oea.tn, ,

Pb ys 1-

co at i.mued

1bs eace
le~~lly
tr cm h~ . f h
liable
d a t ,er
a.11d able or phrslcal
ttie.u~
t a support o r aentd
c hild
lQC:tpaClt)'
ot • pare-at

Mother
dlYorced

I

I

Co11-

fat:ie r coa t1ri~ 111
lD !HttUll O-fl

cU o r

t iou<d Mothe r 11ie11t11.l

&bSf'QCt!

UIUl.tf"-

i nc.&-

ot

ril"d

pact ty
of

tatber

Ant type o [
u 1s t it ut 1oa

I I
p

ea

hthr-r

• i th 1D 2
years .

I

father,
aot br-r ,

;;;
Cl>
a.

3. b

1. . .. . . 1 X. . . . I St4l •

a D-

orfed-

era.l hosp1t4l.

doae d.

1

m

(/)

l>
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z

Flo r ida:
State ___ ___ __ _

x• ·-··-.Ix•_ ... I 1• 1 . ...

Loct.1 --------·

$[

0

J - - - - ) State 1.a s titut1 o a.

X · ·-·· ·-· 1 X -··· ··· · ·

1 -· ··· · -· 1 --· -··-· ·

0

1•1 •.

a

I...... -...

······--···IX· ·····-

X • ••• •••• I J -···· ·· -·
Sufti cie11t lacoine or re- , lf llhl1 2
ye•n.
so11 rcM t op rovlde reasonable sabshteace .
l e ntucky •••••••• , • • •.•••• ••

m

r

r

X -·-·····-

(i)

x'

r
Tl
>
XJ
G'l

X ··· · ·-·

0

~

Chtld

X •••. • •• • I J •• •• • • •••

I1 1

~
~
:I::

or botb.

Colorado····--·_
Couectlcut ••••• Not 110re thn S500 re&l &nd
person al prope rt J or equitJ or oYe r S2. 0CO ia re.al
e1u.te on -, bicb fanil1 resides .

m

m

I

I ·---·· ' .. . .. .... . 1 ........ .

S25 per 110Atb or G"IO r e.

(/)

-l
l>
-l

n

l ··· -· · - ·•
I . .. ..... I l · · ····-·-

:3:ufhc.iut iaco■e or resource, for reason1ble
subsuteace.
Child recd•es support of

"1 Hcn t ,'1

•

····-·-·· , 1• 1 ·-

X •••••••••

x• . -. -- -

x'' -----

}

. ...

x• ·· -·- -- · --

10

1 1 ··· -· l -·- -· --- -· -· -··- - X ·---·· ··I- · --·--· X. · -··- · ··

Mahe

x._._

L .. _I l " l .. ... x. . .. _....

Hassachoset t s - --

L . --.- -1 L --· -1 X. . •---1 L .. _

Hi chi gu - ---· -- Minnesota -------1 S300 uclos ive o! clothing,

L-- -1 I.

L ....... I X. . • • •• _._

!!~:i~u!:im!~~~~i and d~

Missi ss ippi ____ _
Mi9soori ______ _ _

x...... .

x... ----· -

Montana ______ __ _
Neb r 49la: 14
Ori ginal

l. . . - - - . . -

-·----l Re.al

I - .. .

or personal prop erty
o r S2.000 Yalue owned by
IIIO ther, boosehold 2oods
excepted.

Supple■ ~n ta ry •
Nevada ___ _____ _ _

New Hampshire __ _

Sutt icien income or resou rces tor rea sonable
subsi s tence.

New J e rse y -·· - - -

Jfotber has su!f icient ine-ans
t o suppo rt ch ild and ma in t ai n bolCe'.

Su!!icien t income or o the r
res ources t or reason abl e
subsistence .

0

co

x_ __ .

l--------- 1·-··-· j (16 ) ----- 1X..•• .•• •• 1-- · · - - - -- 1-·-·- --1 --•····· l· ·--- -r·••'-•Rela tives

Il

---·---

C.

X ···-

0

~

ro""

re S-O urce.S.
OT<iOD -·-·· · · · · ·

I 1• 1

See footnotes at ead of table.

1•1

I

Y••r".1.- -·· -1

X" .-

H.1s ph ys i cal

x" _. I x.

illness req uiri 11.,: fl rolon.,"'etl tre.ttmen t.

1---- --1- -- -- --- -- l X · - -------

,•• 1.1

~

L -- -··-1 ---·-··I

o ! lb e
ll!Ot her •1 e

;:;
m

CJ

L .--

within 2d
deg r ee.

Mothe r bas s utticieat income to p rope rly care t or
o rtspring .

New Melle.a--·- · ·

I R•hti••• 1-··-···----1 X-·· · --•I X ._ ._. 1x •. _._. ( x_ __ _

~·~'.:::::I~:::::::::

L --·-

x._._

CD

►
en

1- - - ------ 1- - -- --- 1- - - --- · · 1- - -- - - 1----- -

C")

X' -· -•-·--· .I 1.. 1. I 1. 1

,.......

X ··------ X. ....... _

~

X ---·- - -·l __ · ··-·- ·

en

X ·---··---

m

•

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--.J

....

Tablll 20.-Need ()Jal i fl cations for Aid to Dependent Children in The Ir Oen Ho■ea-Contlnued

\J.)

co

Appli c ant

Aid

I No re l a-

•us t not ncces-

St.n ~

Limit.at ions

OD

Liini ut iotJi on iricome

propert y

have d i s -

$3 ry

pose-d o!

to

p rop e rt y
t o Quall fy

I

t 1v es

leg,,l ly

I"~
1

l t 11bl e

Nee d rh ie t o ! o llOlofHl i c.au, es. of U14t> t lity c f pareQ t S t o sup po rt child

De"tb.
continued
,1bst>n c e

t ret!'

~oD'le,

Pbn t·

I

p re.wl< o r ph)".Sl GAl de-t. .. t se-d
5!) rve t o s ,1;, ;;c rt or m-en t,11
boT'lto
ct, tld
1n egp., c1ty
o f 4 par~nt

l" l . ....

Pf!crnsylv,,nu ___ •
Rhode Is la11,J • _ --

South Ca rolina -Soutb Da.lot a ___ _

i ....

~o t b<r
dt -

I

vorced

ttnu<!I

.\b,.en ce

ot
!a t her

tr:15tl

1~01herlo<.ntal
unmar-

tnc ,i-

ri e-d

p4llt)'
ot
htbt'r

Any tYP"' o f
10 :H ttut1 0.o

t uuon

-I

I

Pe n.i l

l asb i ngtoa __ ___ _

liest Vir gin i a __ _

Su tti cient resou r c e s

0

::IE

m

r

"T1

l>
:::0

m

r
1. ...... 1 L

.... I

i . ... I l .

21•ar

;::-,.:
Wiscoas ia

--- -- -- 1Hores t e ad

e xcepted it •aint e.a a nce is less than rent.

I

-· ·· · · ··· •·· ··· · •····· ····· •x ········-I l

l>

-I

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z

....... J 11•ar. J 1,•

.," -I x . . . . I Lik•-

For l

ly to

)"!&r.

con-

•-::::

C")

t inue-

0

i,,ar.

tor l

:::~:g.::::::::: .I~}.:::::::::::::::::::::::I::!,
District ot Coluab ia.

Hawaii · ·· · · ·-···

l .... . . .

y; ········ I l ·· · ······

l ....

Sutt icie at tor r ea.sonab l e
i ncome .
Suffici ent 1acoae· or reso urc es t o pro?ide ca re
and support .

Il

_____ .,_

G"l

r

·· · ···•··· l · ········
X . .... . .. l . . .. ... . .

to

sh t eac e . l:'7
(18 )

m
(J)

p r oYi de r easo na ble s ub-

c.O

-0
C
al

n

;::::h·.-.-i::::: ;:::::::::

Virei nia _______ _

m

r

, • • - - - --- J __ __ ____ _

O'

1H~ntd

i . ..

l • .. ... •

•

(J)

;!

I

I.... .-·... I : ::: : : :: : :
X ··- ..... I X ........ .

rJ

f41 h•·r c onr 10,d 10

l. . . ..... X .. ····-- -

Ut a h

a-

1

or

l ·· · ·· - ·. l .. . . . . . . .

Teanes~e-e -·--·--

l

Fa t ber

Ic al

l.on-

X-····· ·-11" ....... ' ........ .

l iodicatea tbat tbe provialoo applies without ll■itatloa h • 11Yea State,
1Pro-,lsloa

applies to eltber pareot.

'Applic.ut is not receh'inl aid froa &17 other State,
•1110W&1ce ceases it 110tber reaarries.
"Wife i's eligible if busbaad bas beea prosecuted fordesertioa. aad aoasuppon udjad1ed
bJ court to be wholly unable to support wife aad child.
&Child's relathes an&ble to provide adequately for child wlthoat pablic •sistaace.
'Aid rrutea if absence of relief would require aotber to work &111&1 fr011 boae aad child
woald beaeflt bf reaaiaiar with 110t.11er.
7.Father baa abudoaed wife aad child witbh State aad refuses or aea:lects to aapport
tllea.
9Pather deceased or u. iu.ate of &DJ institution under tile State Board of Control of
State lastitutiou. Because of bdii'eacy, 110ther is uable to care for child wbo would
benefit by re■ ainiai' iD own boae.
9Applicant desires and aeeds help.
10Persoa cariaii for cblld is not reasonably able to sapport it.
11 Board ■ ust take all lawfal aeua to coapel ·s11ppon of such children and parents bJ
persons able to do so.
1 'owaersbip of real property with ao gross inccae and vith a.a uare~onable aarket price
ao bar to relief. Receipt or possession of sums froa United States 'iar Risk Insurance is
ao bar to relief if insufficient to aaiataia children at boae.
1 8There wust be- ao oqiauiutioa. legall7 liable or able to ·support the child, or a pe-rson upon who■ rests a aoral obligation to assist ia its support.
14 Ne-braska bu eaacted a ■ "aid to dependent childrea" statute ia vhich it is spec.ific&llJ stated that the statute is suppleeeatary to the orieinal "110tbers 1 aid• law. TIie
terms orLfLnal aad suppluentarg are used to distioeuisb the 2 statutes.
1 &-rbe father, .:,ther, stepfather, or step■otber are liable for assistance ta an action
of debt it their weekly iac011e is aore than sufficient to provide for ri&SC>aable .subsisieace.

"Tbe word aother iocludes &DJ feale ·1tudin1 1a loco pareatta to UJ cUld.
17 Fatber la aoable to ·support cbild becauae be ta aader ladlct■eat for deaertloo of
wife ud child or hH beta deported H •• allea.
father l1 pbysicallJ or ■eatallJ hcapacltated ~e ■a■ t be aader proper ud r•-

••u

·soaable treat.eat for possible tt110val of defect.
11 Father h unable to support child because be is confined ia a jail, prtaoa, or peaitentiar1 for a terw e1teadln1 e ■oath's be7old date of decision upoa applicatiOa for aid.
10
A.id ■ust be aecessa.r1 to eaable aotller or relative to brta1 ap tbe cbild •
11 No allowance •1 be rruted to a relath·e .thaaciallJ able to ·support tbe cbild; t■
11atinr allowance coasideratioa aut be rhea to abilitJ f'J1 all relati•es to auppon.
"Father or aother· is unable to support child because tbe7 are coaflaed ander a se■ teace
of 2 years or 110re 1a an institution uDder tbe juisdicttoa of tile State Departaent ot
Correction or aay Federal peual or correctional ilstituti011.
11Gener&l. support law states that tbe busb&Dd, wife, tatber, .:,tber, rrudparut, and
iirudchild of e-Yerr iDdteent peno■ shall, it of -.afflcieat abiltt7, care tor, uiataia,
or financially assist ·such hdifent person at -sacb rate as tbe coart of t11e coutJ wbere
such iadiiint person reside, sball order or direct.
14
Relative could prO'f'ide ·support withoat deprhhr bi•elf or other aeabera of his
fuil7 of the necessities or coa-Yeaieaces tbat-shou.ld be i■ claded i ■ tbe ordiut, -standard
of li-Yia& h the co•u•itJ.
16
Cb ild is needJ and iD aeed of public assistance.
.,Local board •1 proce-ed araiast any person leeall1 liable for tile ·support of u.7 dependent child and cause ·such person to support ·such child.
27
Receipt of public &id other tban teaporary aecHc&l. aad.-sarrtcal ts a bar to aid alesa
approTed b7 ·county court.
29 Receipt of other aid except aedical ud dental care ts a b&r to aid.
"'It bqsbaad is leeall1 cbareed with &baadoueat.
80
Motber is aaable to support child except by her OWD labor.
11
CraeltJ, aeelect, or depraTitJ oa tbe part of a parent alao basts !or eruthl aid.

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......

Tao111 21.-Provlsions for Granting and Financing Aid · to Dependent Children in Their 0.n Hoaes
Max i11tu11 allovance
tper mo nt h unles.." otbe rw ise, 5pe-c ified l

State

Fi rst

' ld
C h1

j &a.cb a.dd it ionat jp . 1
&DU 7
child

Burial
allowance

I

Gove r nme nu.l unlt

Inc i.dence of

determining &mourn
1ndh i411&l iT& ll t

!in&aciat r ~pon.s1bili t y

or

Final

I

A.dYiso r J

Al••- --------- I 1 )
1

Ar izona

50 pe r ce llt.

-----1Conaty - ----1X-- ----

--------- 1Sl8

$l2,

S tate

-------- 1 11 )

(')

St &l• - - --- 1 (

Arkansas

California.

----- - 1S240

per 1ear6

Colonirlo --------1SlS
Coaaec ticat

Sta. t e

3

-I S240 per yea r 5 -

)

CouotJ-- -- l---- -- -- -- ---l 66S

per-

cent.
(•1

-----11' )

______ , $l00

UD tJ

-----.-1Sta to -----1Huoicipa l1 t1 1 33~
and coanty.

or

Cl' Dt .

- ---.--- --- 1- - -- - - - --

r.5
;;;

~
~

0
00

-

nf St &te tuads

S tate re i !lborses coot1t7 66i percea t
ot the C05 t ot a..ssista nce and admi.nlstrat ion.

per- 1 33/l per-, 3311 pe rcent bnuc ent .
I

pe r- , 50 percent .

>

rrl

et pend~. 2:

pe rce-nt.

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Hon i.cipa l i t 7 and coua tJ rei .t>urse
the St ate f or the arnoae t expe nded
io pr oport ion t o their share. St a te
disburs~ tu 11ds t o ind i.Y ldoa.1.s .

m

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Ul
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>

State r ei mburses CODDt F 50 pe rceot
ot amoont e i: pe~.

--t

0

Florida:
State ------ - - Local - - --- -- --

Geor gi• ----- ---- 1 11 l

(' )

ld&llo-----------1 (8 )

l'l

lllioois -- --- - -- 1 Sl5

Al'IIIOU.Dt

Stue ~i,it,orses c oootJ 50 perceut
of aaount expended.

--- ---- --- -

District -CouatJ ----

I----- --

CooatJ - - --

90 per ceat .

S to

8

-

---------1 Sl0 1 ---------- , ---- --

)1--1ij

to

Stat e reht1orses coono ! or 90 percell of ass is t aoc e and adod oistra t iYe cos ta. 2

~--1---------1Count y re idluraesState1ot

less than
J( or IIIOtt t haa K ot &mOQ at expe nded. S tate di sb urses fonds t o indiv id uals.

Coa ■ tJ----

X----- --1X------- 1----- ---- 1State

CouotJ ----1-- -----------

60 pe r- 1 4 0 per-

re h1ba~eine- nt not to exceed
50 percent ot t otal cout1 expe11d i tare frOIJl 8) percent or hods a•all&.ble oa basi.5 or population. 20 percent ot hods av&ilt.ble a llotted to
couat i t'll on bas is ot &bll i tJ io meet

rv

attd,

lodiu• --- ------1 120 10 - --- ----- 1lle f or2d, Sl2
for others .

c~•t.

z

St ate d isburses funds to indi •iduals _

X ------10 percent.

0

0

Procedure i n case
of i 05uf!ic l~ncr

lndn-idual r ec 1pieots p,1.1d br State
Board ot Soch.t Se-curity aDd Welt are
bJ warrant d rawn upon Sta tie aodito:- .

50 pe r c ent .

cent .

0

f ands

1• 1

c ent .

Stat• ----- 1----- --- ----- 150

Sta t t

S tat e re htburse.5 counties!::() perce nt

50 pe r-

itJ I.

l' l

ot

Ot he r
l ocal unit

n.ic tp&l.-

O.lavare ----- - - - 1 1' 1

Basis t or distributioa

I

---------1l -- -- -- 50 p,r c ent. e

Sl2-- ----- ---

Co

.::,,.
0

cent.

St ati, ~ l lllb•rse• c o••u fo r e,o perc .. a t r,f

IUIIOODt

~ P-!•'1-••1. I I

Ass i.stance gr a nt~
t o applica.nta in
or de r of a rireac,
of needs.

=~··········

:::: ...J-........... ~o-per-I :o·per·l·········I

I

1.u.60 porveet. U.50 per veet.

1

I

leat11CQ •······· Sotflclea t to

S•fficieat to
1uare proper

iu1re proper

Loaisiou ••••••• I 111 )

1

) •••••••••••

1(1 ) ••••••••••• 1······1···········1

__

---1 S•ftic ie ■ t to

of coet of uaiatance aad 50 perceat
of ad■iaiatrati•e caau. 13
50 per- N.. icip&li ties relllbune State 50
State ·····1 CltJ, tan, 50 perpercest of e,;peDditore to eacbcbild.
or plaata- ceat.
ce ■ t
St&tedisbarsN fmlda to illdiTidaaln.
Camicitioa.
polit1 I,
Allocatioa of UIOODts proscribed b7
Com!Jlud
I ••••••• 1 I ••••••• 1 I
Board of State Aid &Del Charities.
ti ■ ore
Cit 7 0 f
l!&Waorel.
CitJI.

liwt-J.

IB&l-1

teiabaneae ■ t.

TonorcilJ.

S1fficleat to

briq apcHld
properlJ.
NlcU1u •······· •1110 per-t••. 12 per - t . ..
Mhoesou ••••••• 13) ••••••••••• 115 .......... .

Cow.atJ----

Nissi.ssippi. •••• l Sa!Jlc!e■t tori S•ffic!ent for
proper care,
proper care,
■ aiateaance,
•aiateaaace,
a■d sappon of
&Dd • upport of
child.
child.
Missoori •••••••• 1•1e •.......... $12 •••••••••••

66li per-I State reilll>H•• towo for 33¥ per-

MK percent.

ce1t

IWWlll,14

~:,;;:I~·;:::
cent .

•• •••••••••

cel't

I

brlq up child
properlJ.

llolltana ......... 11 )

3311 per- State reilll>•nes parish eel perceat

11

Mar,laDd •••••••• llulaa pronl!d -pro"rided
u1der u7Ped•oder aaJ Federal law for
eral law for

....,.,.

cent.

~

cr

liebruu : 11
Ori1iu1 ••••••

1ue ···········I

State ••••• ( I") ......... ( I .....• • , ••.......

I' l .•....•.••.

Sappl-ntar,. 118" •........ 11·2

C;

r2ro

••••••••••

State reitlbarsea cout1 for 66lii perce ■ t

ot total HprtDdi t1ll"ftl.

-----------• CoaatJ----

50 per•
cen.t.

I 50

per·

ceat .

~

.. -----------•County---sea •..•... I Couot1 ••••

I . . . ••• •

1-------•---------

State diat>araea fnda to iadiYiduala -

See foot•otea at eld of table.

CD

>

Couat1 reillburses State for 50 percent of &aODDt e:r.peDded for aid after

(/)

s llare of Federal GoYerueot b de·
dacted . State disburses f111ds to
i&dhld11&la • . •

-I

State disb•r11ea hWSa tocoaaties h

1• ratio of tbe popalatloa of eacb
coaat1 to tM! total popalatioa of
the State.

"<

0

112 11

ceat of aaoont e.1peaded .

1" -----

0

'f;;;

pen:ttt

1 ...... .

1••, .......... 1...... 1...•.•..... I Partsh.._.1 ...........•.1ee11ceat.per-

••••••••••

(let . . . . . . . . . . ,

Mai .. ........... 1 (

I······ I···········I CoHtJ •···• •············• •·······-

contJ

:io
State. relimn·••
of npeodltare 1... coat of adaialatration.

•i ■teuace.

Miateaaace.

Musacbmetta

ce ■ t.

caat,

(")

Plmcls prorated

a■oq

tbe applicuts.

>
CD
r,,,
(/)

.....::,,.•
....

Tabl11 21.-Provlslons for Granting and Financing Aid to Dependent Children in Their Own H011es-Continued

I-"

.i:,.

N
ku ill.um a.llovaoce
I per mon t h aales5 o t be rv l.Se s pec1 ti edl
State

First child
SZ!J _ __________

~Ta.de\. _______ _ _

EACh addition&.l lFan11l7
cbtld

I S40 ! o r 2

Bu r i.it. I

Governacrtta.l oait
de t eI'llliDhi uoont

allowaace

ot iDdh·ldual 11raot

he 1de-oc e or
!iaa nct&l r esponsl'oilit7
S t ate

CoU11 t :,

c bil- \ S75 __

---1(

Ne w Hampshire
New JerneJ------

I' !

)

Not t o e,:ceed
cost ot ca r e

Not

1•• 1

------ 1Sute" --- 1------------1x_ ___ __- IX------- •.• . •..••
X ! t ovn t

~

Cooat7 •••• S t ate ••• • ••• 66i pe r-

cent. ui

cos t ot care

~ r-

ce11t.

C

Sta~ d i.sbU rses f unds to 1Ddl v idua.1..s.

I

i DS t l TUt ioa .

New Tori -------

1 1----------

$50 ••••••• j St a te 14 _ _ _

Coau7 or

lu) -------- - -

Ci t 7.

Nor ib Caro li na

-1

I

Coo nt7 __ _

c oat.

I

c oot.

11

Nort b Dakota ____

SIS _____ ____ __ $12 ____ ____ ___ [ $6 5••$18 11 _______ __ Sl 2" ____ _____

S tato _____ I Coouy ____ __ I ~ O po r - 150 po r -

Ob i o __________ __ I

(1 )

!' I

Coaa t 7 ___ _

Oi l &b Ollll - - - - - - - -1 118

S12 - ----- --- - -

St ato - -- - 1 Coa ur - - -- - - 1 X -· - ·· · ·

0rog01I - ---- -- - - - I ( ' )

11 1

Coun 1 - - --

x_ ______

~

C')
0
0

-

00

rv

~ ans1huia . . . .

1

s u eut ot a id IIJ: t ent ol ai d
lhed by Stato
Board ol Pobllc
Ass is t ance .

lixod by S tato
Board of N>llc
Ass istance .

lod i Yi dua ls pa id DJ' Sta te tb rooe b
t be coun t 7 .uss i s t a nc e boards .

111 I

c e nt. 31

Upon the aab11iss i oa of bsadf eu bJ t be
c oun t y boards , t he St at e depart me nt
co o ■ ti e s

State

funds f or u s iatance &I d &dllhis t r at i• e cos t a on t be baa ia of Deed .

ce at.

"T1

)>

::0

r

rn
G'l

en
r
-t

all cx:ates to t he

1

2i:

rn
r

0

Sta t e fu nds a pport ione d t o coin t)' i n
t he pr oport i oo t be nmbe r ot c b ildre a under l 6 yea rs of age in cou 11 t7
bea rs t o the t o t a l 11Hb er in S t ate.

1------1Aaoant
not I Couotr ----1- - --- - ---- - - 1 X- -----apec ll lod.

lllood• !alaod ---- I 1 1 ···-------- 11 I -- --- ---- --1- ---- -1-- ------ ---1 Suto - ... -1---- ------- -- -I 565 per11

r,

z

x___ ____

5 0 po r- 150 por c e ot. 3 1

r

)>

ce nt . so

1

CD

rn

1°1
l"°I

I" I---- , 1 1 ----

;;:j
Cl.

~ rc etu or

S ta te rei llba rse-s c ounty ! or 50 pe r cen t ot total e1. pendi ta r ~ appr crred
bJ St a te De pa r t me nt o f Soc i al Wel! a re . 0

<O

"'

~

Stau disbu rse s f'llnds to i ad i Ti dua ls.

~ 0- per- 150-po r-

ce11 t . ao

g

_

a.mount upende d . 23

I (1 1

26

11

S t a te reii.bo r aes cont1 f or 66\

cou nty to en ent o r
New M<x i c o _____ _ I' ) ___ ________

-t

"ti

I

p,e rc tn t o.t amount e1 ~11ded, bat. t f
no Fe-de ra. l aid is aY& 11.&l'l le o r child
is ca r Ni ! Ot" b}' person otl'le r t ha a a
r e la t i"l'e , t he Sta t e ■us t r e illtlurs e

iD a pp r oTed
ch i ld - c a ri 011

ta App r oved
cbild - ca r in.1r
ins t 1t ot i on.

•

en
)>

X - - - ·- - -

SlOO------

t o et ct-~

t usu.tr 1c i e 11c1
ot Su t e taod5

or

of S t a t e rnds

;;:l

d.ren; 15~ for
3 children.
1

Pr oceior,e In ca.st!

Basis !or distribution

Other
l oc a.l au t

33~ per•
C«! llt .

ISt661ate

relllbunes c itJ or t 0111a f or
of tbe &IIOUD t n peDdN

pc! n::~q

f or&ld atc oa t of ad ■ l ■ l■ tnt l oa . 81

Soat b Ca.roliaa- - Sl5--· ······ ·· 1 110 .•• • •.•....
Soat:b Da kota ___ _ 11 1. •...••.... 11 1

8

S t a te -- -- -- - --, Sl6 " -- - - - - -- Loc a l • •• • •• •• • Sl5 ••.••••••.•
Ut ab . .. . ... . . . . .

Vermon t • . • • •• • . .

1

$6 •••• . •• . • . ••
1

pe r week. ..

I S4

State dlilburses funds t o hdiv !dua ls.

x...... .

State disburses loads to hdh idu-

S t a t e &n d
coua t y . 1 5

50 per- 1 165 percent. 5 1
ce at , 8 1

CountJ reh1buraea St&te tor 16l ~,._
ceat ot &JIOUnt expended . State' dis bars~ !ands to l ■dhidaa ls. 11

St_a t e - -- - Couot J • • .•
$ 150 • . •• • • Co1 nt7 o r
dist ric t .

I

1 I........ . .. 1 1

I S4

x••.. •. .

St &t e . • •• •

a ls. S &

Tenaessee .• • •. • • I s1 2 .....•..••. 1 se .. .. ... .... .

Tex as:

S t a t eaa ___

pe r week . . . , . . ... .

S t&te •.•••

1•1 .... •. ... 1 I •..•. ··

S tate di sb n ses funds to individual.a-

1··········

I . .... . .
Conat y r eitm urses State tor 15 per- Stat• - , adnace
ce nt of t be amo a ■ t expended. State
co ■ at1 '• allare
d i s b11 rses funds to indhiduals .
wuc• ii tobe rep&ld.

85 per- [ 15 per ce nt.
cent.

--- ------

l••··•• · ··· ·••I 50 per c ent.

50 percent .

Ttwn reht1 urses Stat e f or aaouat npeaded. Sta t e d isburs es" tads t o
i nd iY idoa ls.

Vi r gi n!a . . ......

I $18 •• • ••••• ••• I $1 2 •.•• .• •• • · • , •· . • ••

co.a n. t J or
c1t7.

WM hia i t on __ ____

I t 1)

We-s t Vi r 1Zi nia __ _ s12• 0 __

0
CD
~

Wi.s c ons1n- - --- --l Aid sn !Cic 1ea t
to c a r e t or
c hild pr ope r1:, .• ,

N

m

0.
0

'<

_ __ _

W70ming .........

I l"

I . . . ... ....

C")
0

0

-

00
r"'i)

See toouotes at end of table.

11 1

Co unt:, ___ _

sa••

S t ate-----

Aid • • ff ideot

1····· · 1$100 ....•• i Count 1- - - -

to ca.re tor
C bild proper-

1-------------162Jice ntpe. r-

S t &te r e i mbat"Ses cou11.t7 62Jf pe rce at
of t ~ Amoun t e xpended dari na t be
pr eceding- 111011 t b: t ort be ca1 t of aslcit7 l .
s is ta.nee and a d mi n i s t rat ioa troa
6~ perce nt of Federal gr a nt t or
ass istance an d State funds . 371'
pe rcent o f Fed e r al a r ant t or as sis tanc e paid t o the s e Yer&l coant les and ci t ie s oo t he bas i s of t be
total amounts disburse-d t or ai d to
depend e nt ch i ld r en b:, sucb cou nties
&nd c ities d11 ri a.e- the pe ri od f or
wh ich s uch i r &n t s we r e made . :,,e
X- ----- - 1-- -- ---- - 1 Percentaee a.o t speci tied 3 Q ___ _ ____ _

37¥ pe rce nt.

x___ ____ f

37~ pe rc ent

I Cou11. ty ____ __ x•......

33~ perce a.t.

St at e fu nds altoc.u ed in count ies in
pr oport ion t o the numb e r of c ases
a nd cos t of liYing.

I 66~

pe r cen t.

Sta t e r eirilurses coun ty t or33¥
cen t of a moun t e1pended . 1

per- IState

f■■de

pro-

ratedaaca1co ■■-

tlea.

17 _• 1

11"1 ......... .

CD

lj;

Stat e- - ----

I Cou nt y ____ __ I X- - --- - -- I X- ------1-- -- -----!

Stat e matches count y to ads by
in -a id .

gra.nts-1State

r,

....J>

CD

r
M.J proride

additio ■ al

fallds
lf couty tu ls
iaHff le le ■ t.

m

(fl

•
.....
~

u)

......

Table 21.-Provisions for Granting and financing Aid to Dependent Children in Their Own Homes-Continued

~

~

Max i ■u ■ allowance
tper 1100th aaless otherwise specified I

State

b"ld
.
F lrst c 1

Alaska

----------1

S.25

Each additional F .
child
Ul 17

Governmental unit

Burial
allowance

-----------1 Sl5 -- ---------1------1-----------1

Incidence of

deteraioing &110uDt
of individaa.l i'f'&Dt

Final

finucial responsibility

State

AdYisory

Torri torJ-1-------------1

County

Basis !Of" distribution

of State !nds

Othe-r
local

llD

it

r,rritoq '---------, ------ --aeneral

Territory disburses
,. idual.s.

Procedutt in case
of insufficiency

of State funds

funds to iDdi-

I (••1 ----------11 .. J ----------1------1-----------1 District of

District

Colullbia.

of Co-

la■ bia.

District of Coltlllbia disburses funds
to iDdividU&l.s.

ltlllbi&.

Hawaii ----------1

11 J -----------11 1 J __________ J _____ J_________ _J CouatJ ----1-------------ITerdtorJ

X indicates that the prmisioa applies without limitation ia a eh'ea Sta.te.

g

""N

"'Cl.

~

C;
0
0

-

}a

( i)

1Aid ■11st be an aaount wbicll is safficieat, wbea add~ to all other incoae and support
&Tailable to tbe child, to prcwide child with a reason.able subsistence c011patible vitb
decencJ and be&ltb.
1
0ae-fiftb of Statefands a&J' be used as a ■ eqaa.lizationfuad to assist counties unable
to bear their proportionate share.
5
Count1 or district board ot public welfare with final approralbJ State Deyartae11t ot
Ptablic Welfare.
'State Departaeatof Public Welfare aatborized to allocate tallda to coantJ departaents
which are authorized to receiYe and disburse sDCh fonds.
6
County pa.JS $120 pe:r 7ear, or u aacb thereat as ia aecesaar,. Coau7 aa7 also p&J
additional sa.
'state paJS 11'3> per ,ear tor recipients with county residence·. If recipient •• 10
couatJ residence, State para all.
7
Mui ■aa weell:lJ allowance: food for widow, $2; food for each cbild orer 14 Jears of
are, Sl.75; foal for each child between 5 &1ld 14 1ears of ae:e, ll..2'>; foal for each child
under 5 1ears of are, 11.00; fuel, 11.00; clothin1 for eacb aellber of fa.milJ, 50tt; allowance for teneaeat, 15.00; reasonable alto.nee for lll!dical attention, treataent, or
hospital care. No hospital recehi ■ 1 State aid aa7 cbar1e or receiYe more than Sl0.00
per weetforcare except iD special cases appr01red bJ the c~issioaer of welfare, es:ecutiYe officer of tbe anaicipalitJ, and tbe coantJ c01111issioner.
1
Allowa■ce mt be an uoont which wbc! ■ added to incoae la sufficient tor reasonable
■ absiatence, but tbe amount paid b7 State and county ■ast not exceed the UIOUat of Federal
coatribat ioa.
1
Haxl ■um •ll-ncel25 forlst child aadSJ.5 for eacbaddltioaal cbild in couaties ha•in1
orer 300,0CO popolatioa.
10
Huiaua allaw&ace of 123 per aontb for eacb child cared for in foster hoae or lmtitat ion.
''State aay, wbetL ■eceeaarJ, P&1 all or a■7 part of local adai alat ration or coat of u•l•taace.

Territory disburses
viduals.

fuDds to indi-

Allowance ■ust not e:1ceed the difference between a.mount necessa.q for aainten&nce of
aether or father and dependent child and the iocoae of such ■other and father of child
tr011 earniae:s or other sources. Allcwance must be adequate to bring up child properl7,
ha•ina- reaard for the ph1sical, ■eatal, and aora.l well-beio, of the child. Allowance aay
also be a&de for the 11&inteu.nce of a fe■ale relllt iYe carine: for • depeadt-nt child if she
is wit bout means of support; and if the otht-r parent of a person rect-hiae aid for bt-~fit of a child is at hOl■I!!' because of ph,sical disability, allowanct- MJ be Mele for tbe
aaiutenance of such other parent.
18
State reillburse.ent ceases i ■ case of dis.coatinaance of Federal rranta or failure to
apf.;opriate State fonds.
7
.lmouat 11111 be increased if State Board ot Charities and Pablic WeUatt is satisfied
sa■ is insufficient.
2
8state rei ■bunes coaut for 66li percent of cost of assistance froa State and Federal
funds and 50 pen::ent o1. &dainistrative CCl!lts fn=- State funds. The State 80&rd of Allot■ents and Appeal h authorized and directed to establish u equalization fu ■ d to be distributed to the counties accordin.e to their needs. No coantr is entitled to share h such
fond DD less a 10-■ ill propertr tax bas been levied to pay aid to dependent chi ldreo and
old ae:e assistance. The a110uat which •1 be allocated to &DJ county fr011 the equalization
fund IIAJ aot exceed I of tbe cost to the comit1 in exce-ss of the &JIOUDt produced b7 the
10-mill lttJ. This act beccaes null &Dd void upon the failure of Federal tuDda.
a;State a&J increase ■ui ■u■ if Federal aid is increased.
30 eounty reidlurses State 50 percent of 11one1 expended in excess of the uioant prOYidecf
bf the Federal Goveraaent. State disburses fuads to indhidual.s. If the State Public
Welfare Board fin.ds upon iDYestigatioa that the 1'ha.nci&l conditioaot a11 coant1 ia such
that it cannot raise 1eeessar1 f ands, t be State board •J prmide, either u a eraat or a
loan, that coaaty 1 s share or as much thereat as MJ be necj!ssar:,.
31
RxclosiYe otall su• coatributed bf tbe Pedf!r&l GOl'f!rn■entfor aid to d~pendeat cbildna and tbe expenses of ad1111nistratioa, the State and counties must each co11trtb11te ¥ of
all t'lt1• required. State dte.bunses funds to individuals.
~£The &MOaat of rei ■baraeaeut bJ the State include• tbe toade rec:ei•ed bJ Ue Stat• froa
tbl!' P~deral GoverD•Dt,
16

CJ)

-I

l>
-I
r,,

"
C

fund.

District of Co-

•

CD

r

(")

::IE

r,,

r..,,
l>
::0
r,,

rr,,
G>
CJ)

r)>
-I

0

z

i=
f

·i......

••ud aecesH!"7 to aapport clild la aaaner cmpatible wit.~ decncr aad ll•lt~. Deter■ ined ta a.ccord&nce with st&adard budreta adopted bf the Stale Depart••t of hblic We,Uare.
13
State - , as••• tot&I. flaucial respouibllitJ if pariah l.aca hDdll or if fuda a.-

l•f•ll.J barred.

4 l nchdes Federal taads wbicb are allocated to cit lea and towns bJ tbe State ,Depa.n•at
of 1'1,bllc Welfare. Upon repeal of tbe Social Secarlt1 Act, t bla act bee...,. aall ud TOid
aDd tbe act ia effect prior to its euctaeat becoaes operatbe.
11 Allowance 1111St aot be less tllaa S2 per weet U 110tlaer W l cUld:
uA State tiaa.nced proeru for aid to depeadeat cbildrea ia &da:iaiatered bJ tbe State
Baer1enc1 Welfare Relief Coaltissioa tbrowcbcoaatr welfare relief coaisaioa uder nles

and n!i•latloas of tbe State coaiaaloa.

Sp«:lflc prOTlaloaa relatlar to ellrlbllltJ,

etc., are not set fortb bf statute and tllerefore Ila.Ye aot beea hcladed la tbese tabla.
17
Cou1t1 dep&rtaeata of public welfare are a■tbori&ed to rra■ t dependent childrea aid
in their CW11 bOllleS tr011 public tallds -.de aYail.&ble tor welfare senicea.
18 Ne-braska has enacted u •aid todepeadeat clltldrea•• etatate ia wlticb it is specificall7
stated that tbe statute is suppleaent&rJ to tbe oririaal • ■ot.ben 1 aid•· lat. TIie tera
ort,tnal and suppl•Nntar" are ased to distiquisb tff 2 statutes.
18 ,Ulowance ■mt aot be less than S3 per ■oatb for &nJ cbild.
10 Reasoaable fuaera.lexpeues •7 be paid if tbe estate of tile deceased is i•at~lcieat.
11
Coaiissioner of public welfare required in all cues to first coaaalt proper official
of the county or ton required to contribute to t\e coat ot assistaace.
11 Counties ud towns required to contribate to the coat of assistance.
la tlae eYeat a
co11nt1 or tcwn cannot pa7 the aa::>o ■ta required, it ll&J' file a petitioa ttqaestia1 fiuacial aid, and the State •1, after inesti1atioa, 1ra■ t or loan a'IIC~ faDda u - , be aecessaq.
13 U no coaat1 residence, State pa,- all.
uTbe StateDepart■e ■ t of Public Welfare_,. allow ita local offices todetenli.aewllet.ller
assistance - , be er&ated and tbe &IIODDt and aa■ aer tbettQf.

11•nro-,b

contJ dei-rt•■ ta of ptlblic

wlfare nk~

act •

a,ata of tllllt&te De,ut-

•u of ,.bllc lfeltare,
••Act bee_. effectiTe 1p011 tlle appronl of tlll Social hc:■rttJ laanl of a State plu
for aid to depe■cleot cUldrea u■der th hderal atatote aatllorl■ h1 pe.Jaalt to tlle State
ol V of t.lte uaiataace taniabed ■ader t.lle &et.

81 Aa:»9at. ot uard aat. aot. exceed t.lte UICRllt apprcwed bJ coa■tr Jadfe or cbirau ud
Jnealle Jad1e. la cu• of dlaa,reeaeu, Oe •tter I& NferTed to tl,e State Depart•••
of !'llbllc Wollare for fiaal decialoo.
Hat.ate ucl c011at.7 coatribat.ioas to be aapple•■ted b7 Federal faada to tlle a:te1t. of
33.¥ perceat of tie coat of aid. TIie eatlre coat of lldllidl.atratlo■ l■ paid bJ tie State
wltb tbe ezceptloa of Heb Federal f1■da u - , be &Tail.able:
"Muina •11-ace wUcb-, be paid frOI bot~ State ud F<!deral hid■• llulaa of 18
per 110at b for l c~lld ud Sl.2 per 11000 for all clepe-•t cUldrea la tlle
llOlt ..,
be r.ld frOI State faada.
1 Not aore tbaa 10 perceat of tie hadaallocated to th coHtl• or cltlea-, be •ed
for local adlllaiatrat!Te ezpeaaeo,. U • COl ■ tJ or cltJ falla or r e f - toproolde hllla,
tbe State Board of l'Obllc Welfare - • require tie loc&l. a■ tM>rltia to f1■dl
able. Darl■r tie period of refual or fallare, tie State . . , P■JM•ta ud deduct
tlle ..:>oats so paid froa fatare St.ate reillbarseaeau.
811 Board of coant7 c0111iasioaera is a11tllorbed to expend f•ada for aar cateror, of public assistance aDd it also bu tb• power to ttillb•ra• tff State for e1peaditore9 ade for
public assistance within their count7 froa St.ate or Federal fa.ads.
••11ax1au allowucea are .-ata wbicb - , bt 1ruted fr01 all ■ Olrca lac:hdl■r f . rece!Ted fr,- tie Federal GoYeraaeat.
•'Prenatal ud po■ taatal aid ia rraated for 5 _,11■ .
61 Ud aot to exceed uoa ■t of Federal participatiOD. ia 1be1 to ■ apport cbild la ...,.
ae-r ccapat.lble with decellCJ' and lle&ltll.
• 1Allowuce aaat be ■ afficieat to i••re tlle proper uilt.euace ot t.lle cllild i ■ tlle

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Dependent and Neglected Children
147

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148 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Table 22.-Characterlstics of Dependent and Neglected Children Coming 11th in JurisdictiOll

of Juvenile Courts

State

A1e under which

Child de-sti Ute,

court ha.s

hoaeless, or

jarisdictioa
I in 1ean)

depeaden t upoa

Girls

the public
for Sllpport

Child aba.ndoaed or

vi tb iaproper
parent al care or
1uardiu.abip or
\Llfit ea.Tiroaall!'!ll.t

or occupatio.a

Alabaaa ------------------------------------ 16------- 16 ------- I----------------- I.

Arizona------------------------------------ 18------- 18 ------- I----------------- I.
Arl:&nsas ----------------------------------- 21 ------- 21 ------- I----------------- I.
California--------------------------------- 21 _______ 21 _______ 1----------------- I.
Colorado----------------------------------- 18 _______ 18 _______ I _________________ I.

O:,aaecticut -------------------------------- 161

______

161 ______

X _________________ X.

18------17 _______
16------18 ------17 _______
16 ------18 ------16 _______
17 ---------------------------------------- 18 _______

Jg _______
17 ------16 ------18 ------18------17 ------18 -- ----16 ------18------18 _______

1----------------- I.
1----------------- I.

·I----------------- I.
1----------------- I.
I _________________ I.

i"I ------

I---------------- I.

Delaware----------------------------------Florida-----------------------------------Georgia-----------------------------------Idaho-------------------------------------llliaois ----------------------------------ln.di&D& -----------------------------------I OW& ---- -- ---- --------- -- - -- ---- --------- -lansas ------------------------------------lentock7 ----------------------------------Loaisia ■ a

8

Maine-------------------------------------- 1

) ------

x• ---------------- I.•
I----------------- I.

I----------------- I.
I----------------- L

I ----- ------------ l.

llar,lsnd ----------------------------------- 20------- 18 ------- X ----------------- I.
Massachusetts __________ • __________________ 16 _______ 16 -·----- l-----·----····--· I.
Hichigaa - --------- ------------------------Miaaesota -·---·----···--·---··----·----··-Mississippi----·---·--·--·--·-·-··--------Missoari ··-···---··------·-·----·-·--·----Hoataaa ------------------------------------

17 ---- -- 18 •••••••
17 --··--·
17 -··---16 _______

17 - -- ---18---·--17 ···--·17 _______
16 _______

I - ---------- ------ I.
l -·----------··--·
l .----·-·----·-·-X ___________ ··---·
l _________________

I.
I.
X.

I.

Nebrasl:& ----------------------------------- 18------- 18------- { _________________ L

I----------------- I.

Nenda -------------------------------- ____ 18 _______ 18 _______
Nev ltaapshi re ----------- --------------- ___ - 18 ______ _ 18 ________ ------------------ I.

New
Jerse7
------- 16
16 __
-----------------------_ I.
New Hex
ico --------------------------------________ ________ ________ _____ ___ _ 16
16 _______
_____ lI ________________
I.
Nev Tork __ -------------------------------- 16------North C&rollu ----------------------------- 16 _______
North Dakota------------------------------- 18------Oh lo - _____ -------- --- -- __ ---- ____ ------ ____ 18 ____ --Okl.&hoaa _________ _ ____ ____ __ __ _____________ 16 _ ______

( _________________ I.
I _________________ I.
X _________________ I.

16 _______
16 _______
18 _______
18 _ ______
18 _ ______

I ---- _____ -- ______ I.
I _ __ _ _________ ___ I.

Oreeo• ------------------------------------- 18------- 18-------

1----------------- 1.

Peaasyl Ya ■ ia ·----·-·---·- - -·-·--·- -·---·--Rhode Island------------------------------Sooth Carollu ----------------------------South Dakota _______________________________

16 -· --- -- 16 ------- I -- --·-------·-·-- l.
le _______ 18------- l _________________ I.
16------- 16 _______ I _________________ I.

21 _______ 21 _______ I _________________ l.

Tennessee·-·-·-·----·--·-----·--·---------- 17 ·------ 17 -·----- 1 ••••••••••••••••• [.
Texas-------------------------------------- 16 _______ 16 _______ I _________________ l.

Utah---------------------------------------

18------- 18------16 - --- -- - 16 - - ----Vi re i aia - --· -- -·------ ·---·- --·--------- ·-- 18 ------ - 18 •. - .. --Wash inetoa _____ --------------- - - --- _______ - 18 ---- __ - 18 -----•West Vireiaia ................................. _. 16 .......... 18---.... -Wisconsia ---------------------------------- I') ______ I') ______
W,011ine ----------------------------- ______ 15 _______ 16 _______
Alaska------------------------------------- 16 _______ 16 _______
District or Col••bia _______________________ l"I ______ l"I ______
Hawaii-·----------- .. -- .. ···-·--·----·----·-- 187 ______ 187 ______
Ver-.ont ----- _______ ---- ------ - -- -----------

1-----------•----- I.
I --------- -------- I.
I -- -·---- .. -- ....... X,
I __ -------•-----__
I--·-------··--··1----------------1----------------I _________________
I _________________

I.
X.
l.
l.
I.

l. 9

X-------···------- X.

X indicates that the proYisioa applies without limitation ia a ghea State.
1Ja~nile court also has jurisdictioa of ~rsoas 16-18 years of aee tra■ sferred to it fr<a the jarisdic-

!:: ~t;s:\ia!!~:, ~htt~~:\.~~:;\6

tiijn °!d~i
't~i
years of aee confined ia a-, pe1al iutl t■tioa or coaoa
jail aay be giYea more suitable treat11eat.
&rhe statute prOYides tor aid to "aay child" without settinll are li ■ its, except that depeadeat cbildre■
(without relatin·s able to support the ■ I aost be uader 16 years of age.
•Neglected children under 18 years of aee aad dependent children under 16 years of aa:e are also i ■cla.de-d.
&the law does not s~cify aay aee liait but refers to '"any child destitute or ha.eless."
8
Includes children UDder 8 yea.rs of aee fooad peddlin1.
7 Also includes cbildrea a ■ der 12 years of age who •ieht otherwise be adjudged deli ■ que■ ts.
Note: !Jependeot ud aqlected children are tbose cbildren under tbe specified &ies wbo are destit ■ te.
h6meless, dependent upon tbe public for support, abudoaed, witb iaproper parental care or eo&rdiaaaUp,
or with unfit environ.eat or occupatioa.
0

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BASIC TABLES• 149
Table n.-Provisions for Instituting Proceedings,

Investigations, and Hearings of Cases
of Depend~nt and Neglected Children by Juvenile Courts

I ■Test i eat ioa
Persoas authorized
to institute proceedings
i ■ ca.sea of

State

depeadency Of' neelect

A a - --------- UT person wine knowledge or a depeade■ t

or

■erlected

Represeatatioa of
child 1 s interests
at hearing

Bearing

Be tore BJ proproBy
referee batioa
b&tioa
BJ
Ileother
officer other fore or court officer
or other agea- court c011111is- or other public
sioncourt
aeency 1
court cies 1
er•
agent
aeeat
By

I------

X --- L-- l ------

child.

Arlsou --------- Aa, cithea who is a resideat of the 1-----coaatJ.
Ar.taasas ________ Aay reputable reaideat of the coaatJ ___ X ------

l --- I------ l ------

1 ---

I------ I------

California------ A-, person within the countJ ----------- I------ l --- I --- l------ 18 1 ---- I.
Colorado ________ ADJ co ■ aty ttaideat, officer of the Ba- I ___________ 1 ......
reaa of Child a.ad Aaial Protectioa or
other bureau, or tile jne ■ ile coart.
Coaaec:ticat _____ Parent, raardiu, selKtau., &DJ offl- I------ X--- X --- -------- I------ I.
cial cbareed wi tb the care of the poor,
u7 prosecuthe or probatloa officer,
tile Stale Haaae Society, or the Coa■issioaer of Welfare.'
Delaware ________ ADY repatable resideat of the coaatr ___ x _____ _
Florida _________ Aa, resident of tbe coa ■ t7, 1ot uader I _____ _
leeal disabilitr, or any prob&tioa officer.1
Georrla _________ UT pollceau or other officer _________ I______

I -----1 ------

I ___ I ______ I _____ _

ldallo ___________ Aa7 persoa ----------------------------- I------ I --- I --Illiaot• ________ hr repat&ble resideat of tbe coaatr ___ I ___________ x ___
ladiau _________ Aa1 penoa or coaat7 Ol"district depart-

x ___________ x ___

I------ I.
I _____ _
l _____ _

ae ■ t

of public welfare.
Iota ____________ h7 reputable ct tisea of t.be coaatJ ____ I------ ----- I___
I-----laaaaa __________ hr repatable resideat of tbe cou ■ tr ___ I _____ _
I --I-----leancty ________ Board of Loul8Yllle udJefferson CountJ I ______ 1 ___ I ___________ x ______ I.
Cbildrea •• Boae or ur repatable reaideat of tbe coaatr.
Lo•islana _______ AaJ repat&ble pera011 ___________________ X ______ I ___ I ___________ I ______ I.

Maiae ___________ Aa agent of the State Departaeat of Beal tb

________ _____ I __________________ _

aad Welfare, a sheriff, coaat7 probatioa officer, p)llce officer, aeaber of
a ••icipal b011rd of child welfare, or
3 or aore ci tlzea.s of
to,1 or ci tJ.

a.a.,

Nar,laad -------- hJ resldeat ol a coaatJ, probatloa officer, or a,eat of a priTate societr.

I------ 1--- 1--- -------- I------ I.

Musachnsetts ___ AaJ persoa ----------------------------- I------ I ___ I ___ -------- •-------- X.
Nlchlru -------- UT !atereated peraoa ------------------ l ------ X--- I --- -------I.
N!uesot& _______ Ageat of State Board of Coutrol or State I ______ I ___ I ___________________ I.
Departaeat of Labor aDd ladastrles, or
aar repatable resideat of tbe coa ■ tr.
N!salaalppi _____ AaJ realdeat of tbe conty _____________ X ______
M!saourt ________ A-, 2 cl theu of the coau7 1 __________ I______
Hoatau. _________ hr resideat of ibe coaat7 _____________ X ______

Nebraska ________ A-, reputable resideut of tbe contJ ___

I ___________ I _____ _
I ___________ I _____ _

I___

I _____ _

I ___ I___ ________

I.

lleTada ---------- ,Mf reputable resideat of the coaatr ___ I------ ----.. I ___ -------- I-----llff llupshire ___ Aa7 reputable peraoa ___________________ I ___________ I __________ _

11ft J.ne7 ______ .la7 peraoa or -corporatloa or usociati011 llaTiar a oae of its objects Uie
preYe ■ tioa

I ______ I ___ I ___ I ______________ I.

of craeltJ to cllildrea.

lew Medco--·--- Diatrict attoner for t.be '»•■tr---·---

1w fort-------- Aq penft, uOorbed areacJ, or local

I --- I------ I-----L

l ------ l--- I --- --------

welfare of Uclal.

llarU Oaroliu -· 4q penft -··-----,·-·-·----·---------· I ---··- ---·- I-·- ________ I ------

lee foot-• at Hd of ta~le.

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150 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Tao111 21.-Provisions for Instituting Froceedings, Investigations, and Hearings of Cases
of Dependent and Neglected Children by Juvenile Courts-Continued

Rearla1

!nYestlaatioa

Persons authorized
State

to iasti tate procecdines
ia cases ol

depeadeacr or neelect

BJ pro-

Before

o~~~~ar

018:er

court

c ies 1

:r;

Beor other a,ea- c'
0

1

aeeat

or: :::;t
1

R~rese11tatiOD ot
child'• interests
at hearin.f

BJ

pro-

o~\~:•r 018:er

coaah- or otller
sioa-

coart

er 1

&Q"ent

ptblic

•e:eac, 1

North Dakota---- AaJ persoa ----------------------------- I------ l --- I --1------ I.
Ohio____________ Aa7 persoa -------------- --------------- I-----I___ I-----0th.bOM -------- Aay repatable resideat or the couat7 --- X-----Oregon __________ District attone1 ______________________ x _____ _

Pennsylvania ____ Aar citizen who is a
count7.

resident of the

1---

I------

x_ ____ _

I------

1 _____ _

I --- I __ _
Rhode Island ____ Any person----------------------------I.
x_ __
South Carolina __ Aay peraoa ----------------------------- I _____ _
South Dakota ____ Aay resident of the State_. ____________ _
1--Teuessee --·---- AJJ.y reputable resldeat of the coantf ___ l _____ _
1 --X -----r_ __
Texas ___________ Any resident of the countJ _____________ X _____ _
X -----Utah ____________ hy person or peace otficer ___________ _
1--- I--- X------ -------Ve~ont _________ The COl'lllissioner of public veltare or
1 ___ 1 ___ -------- l'L---any penoa h&•hr Dowledee of • dependent or neglected child.

I------

VireiDia ________ Aay reputable persoa ------------·------ X ------ X ___ 1--Washiaiton ______ ADJ person----------------------------- l -----X __ _
West Vlrelala ___ The State llepart .. at of Public Assist- 1------ I ___ I __ _
aace or u.y reputable persoa.

X ------ I.
I------ I.

1--- I --- 1-----1---

Wisconsin------- Any person----------------------------Wy011ing _________ Aay hterested person _________________ _
Alaska __________ Any parent, eua.rdiaa, school teacber,
ne111.ber of the school board, truant officer, or any other reliable person.

I.

x ___ -------- --------

District of Co- Aay person 11&)' tile ccapl&iat with tbe
l1111bia.
corporati011 couDSel or his assista11t.
Rawali __________ Any person----------------------------- l _____ _
X indicates that the provision applies wit boat liai tatioa in a ehea State.
1Por naaes of agencies and their powtin see table 215,
~Findings of the rder~ are subject to court appro•al.
&r'he court 111&)' appoint scae suitable person to act ia behalf of the child.
4the Coffl;issioner of Wellare ■ust present cases to the court whea other aatborities fail to do so.
"The sheri U institutes proceedinis where there is ao probatioa officer.
8Aay reputable citizen of the coanty-, file a 1"erified petitloa ia the iaterests of a aeelected child.

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BASIC TABLES• 151
Taole 21.-Types of H011es and Inst i tut ions to Which Dependent and Neglected Children May
Be CoanoiUed by Juvenile Courts
Public
iasti tutio.a
or &geucy

Child's

State

owa
ho11e

PriY&te

hstiUtioD

or agency

Al&ba- ---------------------------------------------- X __________ X __________ X __________ X.

ArizOIMI - --------------------------------------------- X ---------- X ---------- X __________ X.

Arl<ao.s&a --------------------------------------- - ----- X ---------- X ---------- 1 1

_________

X.

Califon la ------------------------------------------- X ---- - ----- X ---------- X ------···- X.

Colorado ---------·--·----------------- - - - ------------ X - --------- X --------- - X --- - -- · -- - X.
Couecticot ------------- ------------------------·---- x __________ X _________ _ l __________ I.
Del.Aware--------------------------------------------- X __ ________ l _________ _ ____ _____ ___ I.
l'lorida ----------·--·---·------------------- - ------- - - -----·----· X ________ __ I __________ X.
Geor1ia ------- - ---·------------------------ - --------- I---------- l ---------ldabo ------------------ - --·------------------------- - X __________ X --------- Illinois--------------··----------------------------- X __________ X ---------India.a - - ------------------------------- - ------------ ____________ X __________
Iowa --- - --------------------------------------------- X __________ I __________
la11S&S ---•------------------------------------------- X _____ ' ____ X __________

X ---------X ---------X - --------X ______ ____
X __________

(eatociQ' -----------·------------------------ - ------- - X ---------- X ----------

x• ---------

I.
I.
X.
X.
I.

X ______ ____ X.
X.

i.ollislau -------------------------------- - -------·--- I---------- X ---------- X ------·--- X.
Naiae ------------------------------------- - --------- - I __________ X __________ I __________ X.
lkql.aad ----------------------------- - -- - ------ ------ X ---------- ------------ X -----··--- X.

llassacbuetta - --- - ------------------------- - ---·----- X __________ X __________ X ---- - -·--- X.
Hichl1u - ------·-----------------------------·-· - ---- X ______ __ __ X __________ X __________ I .
Mi ■aesota ---- - --------------------------------------- I-·---- - --- I __________ X ___ _______ I.
Mississippi ---- - -------------------------------- - - - -- I---------- I---- - ----- ---------- - - I .
Missouri ------------------------ - ------------------ -- I __________ X __________ l ___ __ _____ X.
lloataaa ---------------------------------------------- X __________ I __________ X ---------- I.
Nebrul<a ----------------------------------------•---- la--------- X ---------- X ------- --- I.
lieY&da ------------------·---------------------------- I __________ X __________ X ---------- X.

11ew Ba-hire ---------------------------------------- l __________
llev JeraeJ ------------------------------------------- X ---------New Mexico - ------------------------------------------ -----------llew Tort --------------------------------------------- X __________
North Carolla&--·---------------------------- - ·----- - I __________
Nortb l&tota - -------------------------- - ---------- - - - I ____ ______
Oltio -------------------------------- - -------- - · · ----- I ______ ____

l ---------- X ---------X ______________________
X __________ I ____ ______
I __________ X ----·-· ·-X __________ I __________
I __________ I __________

Oklahc:aa --- ------· --··- - -·- --- -·-- - - ·--- - - - ----- - - - -OrerOD - -- - - ------ · --- -· -- -- - ------ - - ---- - -. --- - - --- --

I ------- - -- I---- -- ---- I.

X __________ l - - ----·--- I.
X.
X.
X.
l.
I.
I.

X ---------- l ---·------ X.

Penns7lnala -- - --·--- - ---------------------- -- ------- X - - -------· X ---------- I- - ------ - - l .

Rhode Isla.ad----------------------------------------- X---------- ------------ I---------- X.

Sooth Carollaa ---··-··--·-------------------- - ------- X - --- -- ---- X ---------- I __________ l.
S011b Dakota --------------------------- - ----------·-- X ---------- I---------- X ---------- l.
I __________ I __________ X.
Teueseee ___ _________ • __ • ____ - - -- - - __ -- --- __ - - - - .. - -- -

Texas------------------------------------------------ X__________ X__________ I __________ X.
Dtall --------·------------------------------- - ----- - -·
Ve,_t ----- - ------------------·--·------- - ---- - --- - Yirvinla --·---------------------------- - ------------llubiDftOa -·-··-·-------·----------------------· - ·- - -

X __________ X __________ I __________
__ __________ I __________ l __________
I __________ X __________ X __________
I __________ X __________ X -- - ----·· -

X.
X.
X.
I•

. . . t Virflala ------ - ------------------·-·------------ X ------- - -· l ---------- X ---------- X.

liscoasla - - -- - -----------··----------------- - ---·---- I ___ _____ __ X ________ __ X _________ _ I .
V,-oaiaf --- - ---·-------------------------------- - ----- X _________ _ I _____ _____ X ----·-·--- I.
Alasta -- - ----------------------------- --- ------ - ----· ___________________ ___ __ X _____ _____ I.

District of

Col• ■bia

--------------------------- - ----- ___ ____ ____ _ ____________ .X _____ ____ _

l!uali ----------------------------------------------- X --- - ------ l ---------- --------- - -- I.
I hdic&tea that tllie prol'iaiOD applies withoat lt. ■ itatioa iD a aivea State.
1The coaru MJ aot coait aa7 depeadeat or aeelected child to any iastitutioa or home aaed tor the care,
taprhoaaent, or retonatioa of deliaqueat cbildttn or adalt crh1inals.
'rltildNa •1 be coaiitted oal1 tor hospitalhation and special care.

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......

Tabl• 25.-State Institutions Carino for Dependent and Neglected Children

Rl
Descri p tion o f cla.s.s ar.imi t ted
N&m.e o1 iustitation 1

State

Ar e Lo.
:,ea.rs

M_mini.s trat iYe aDd su

Othe r char a.c t e r i.s t ic!!i

N~ of agency

Ala.ba!lla--- - --·-- l Boys' Stue IIM:iustria.I.School. J 6-19 - - - Whiu boys vho because o! conduct OT Boa.rd or director.s of
t ~ institution.
surr ound i ngs are likely to becOl'lle base ,
cri ■ inal, or burt!u.l t o tt.e Sta.te o r to State Department of Pubthe best inte r est o f society. 1

Ar i ton&--------Ar kans M ___ __ ___ / State lndu.stri.U School t or
Whi t e Boys; St ate Indust r ial
School for Ner r o Boys ; State
Tr &inin2 School for Gids.
Ca.li f o-rnia 3

1----------IDependeat

lic Welfa re lbure& u of
child wel!&r el .

children as dd ined in t able

22.

Honorar7 boards of l'la.Da.gerr nt and OP'!'r•t ioo.

Extent of C' Ontro l or s11~ rv 13 ion

-t

Has t all manaeement &nd coatrol of s chool and im•h1tf!S. Ex
otticio 11ent>ers ot board 111tl5t Ytsit a.ad inspect 11nnall7 .
De t ernines source at incoine and cas t of ma.inte na.nce. supervises placemen t ot children ou t o! tht- school, and Tisits and iDSpects t h,e school.

81Boys

IWhi tt ie r S t ate School . • •... • l O• er
who e.r e in need of education,
a.Dd uat r ainine, su~f'Yision , a nd moral de der 16.
velOpa!!' IH . 1:
Colorad o •••.• ••. • !State HOl!r f or Depend en t and Urrier l 6 4 - Child ren with soa ad minds and b00 i 6
vh o are dependent 1:1poa t he public for
Ne-2le-cted Childre n .
suppor t . 6

<g

Delav&re ______ __ J Dete ntion Home t or J uveni lesJ ____ _____ ] Depend~t or nell l e c ted chi l dren as detined i n t ablt! 22 .

N-

"'

0
0

-

ca
( i)

I ll inois

--------- 1SChi
t ate Soldiers' &nd Sailors
ld ren 1s Sc hool.

I

~

Board o r control or t he
instltn t ioa .

Est.lblisbes s1ste111. o f 1tovern~nt , l'lll.ie.s a ll necess&.r 7 r ules

r

and r erulations for support , tr&inhi, a.nd placement o r
iaffl!ltes . Board l5 t -he le1t&l eua.r dian ot inmates .
Division of Public Wel- Supef'Yises a nd controls , mar inspec t and make reccnnN!ndafa r e of the 81ec ut ive
t ions to tile Gover nor , -and req1Jires reports !rCXl'.I boar d
Depart !l"lent.
of con t rol.

I Board ot ~&i'ers

o! the

I Makes rules ! or

of Pub-

Of' ha lf - Of'phua, deati tute of
su pport and e dacat ioa, wbo a re clli ld re1

I

Has f ull s upe" isioa and administ r a tive control. Hust obtain e mplo~at o r iu.i. e .s \l i tab le plac eaeat plau f or ch ild re n in' the scbool.

Responsib l e f or i' OVe r ll.lll! at c4. t ~ scbool.

Hao supe " is loa ot t he school.

Sta t e Depar t .. ut ol
l'Dbl!c We llare .

Board of trm ten
ho,r.

of t he

m

m

G">

Cf)

r

)>

-t

0
rover~nt , regula t ion. and ad111in ist r a t ion .

institution .
StateBoard of Charit ies _ Hust Yisit , iaspec t , and report cond ition ann11a ll1 to Gov e r nor.

i-1 State
De pa.rt me.a t
lie We lf att .

16-1Orphans

)>

::0

Unde r 14 - Depe 'OO ent or neg lec te d chi ld re a, rea
dents ill St at e f or l ,ear , whose pa re nt aened in Uaite d S t a t es f orces .

Under

:a;

r

Ha.5 full c ont r ol a.ad su~rvisio11 t hrourh the s1Jpe r i11 t eodect o! t he institution.

lndia!la __ ______ _ [s t a te Boys ' School - ---·-···- 7-18 __ _ Dependent o r neg l ec ted c hild re n as de-180&rd of contro l of the
ti ned 1D t a ble 22, e
s ch ool.
Cbild ttn ' a di 'f' la i o ■ ot

S tate Sol.die n ' aad Sailon,, 1
Chi ldre a ' • Htae .

CX)

State Oepartnrnt of Ins t itutions .

Georgia __ ____ __ _

Idaho-------- ---

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not specificallJ reserved to the r,,..,.s~ c t ive superinterldt'! nt.s . ~ust pr ovide co11pe t e11t teachl!-rs t o teach useful

Co nnect icu t __ __ _

0

)>

Mus t exercis e such pcwerso!supervisi oc alldcont r ol as are

trad.~5 o r YOC& tl OOS.

• •• ••

•

Cf)

Hu l aedl&te cbarre aDd
t n ttOM11 .

• nac•••t and

•1 pl ace c bild re ■

z

ot tttera• or ■ nra• who aened i■
Uaited Stat• wan.

I

c•tldren's
St.ate

I ._

dlYi ■ loa of

1-ediate 1npen!aioa.

Depart• ■ t of,

Plbllc Welfare,
Iowa •••• - •••••• / State Soldiera' <k-i>•-' 8-;
State 1 ... ■ ue a-.

Oll<ler 18. / Depe ■de■t or ae1lected chlldrea wko ,.., , State Board of Co■troll Bu f ■ll -aac- ■t, co■ trol, ud 1oren•■t. Saperlnte■d­
re ■ ldeau of Oe S.t ■te. Prefere■ce
of State I ■etltatlou. 1
eat, upon approral of tie board, -■1 pL&ce cbildre ■ la
. . t be rl•ea toc•lldrea ot soldien.,
aailon, aad •rlaea. Ot Iler depeadeat
or ■e1locted cbildrea -■J elao be ■d­

·-·

■ ltted.'

luau._ ....... /State Orpll&•'

a- ......... / 0-rW.

Depeede ■t

or

■ oa■d al ■da
la■t11eky

■erlec:ted

ud bocU...

c bildre ■ wltb I State Board of Adlll■ i■ -1 Ila fall cmtrol of tie prop■rtJ, effect■, ud ■uas-at.
tratloe. •
n. board. la tie leral 1aardlaa of all laat• ud plac..
c•lldrea 11 b.-.

••••••••

Lodaiua ••••••• j State wl•trlal sc•ool for I la-19 •• White cbildru le1al1JadJadreddepe■d-1 Board of ca.laaioeera ■ec-■rJ nlea ud replatl- fer claaUlcatloe,
dlaclpll1e, ud ed11eatlo■ of ,._ iaat•.
Ht or 11e1lected u cleflaed la table
of tlle ■dool.
Glrla.
22- •
State Boa rd af Cll&rl t iae S•po"la• tie care rl••• l■ tie lutlt■ tioo bat -■J ■ot
ud Correctiou.
ezerclae UJ ■d■ l ■ latratln er aecatln - r .
Mabe ••••••••••• 1State Nilit■l'J'ud NanlCUl-1 ll
dren• ■

Boae.

Mar1lud •••••••• lTralalar Sc•oo1 for Bo,-;
Moatroee Sc•ool for Glrla.

a■d

I

Poor ud ■e1lec:ted c•lldre1 wit• pref-1 S.ta t e De par t ■ent of
eroce lift ■ to childrea of soldiers
B•ltb ud Welfare.
ud ■ ailon of ll&i ■e ••o
sernd
la lhlltell S.tat.. wu■ •
Uader21.I WUte NClectell c•lldre■, ■ treet be1· Board of ■au,era of tbe
respect!Ye iastitacant aid •acruta .•
t ions.
Board of State Aid aad
Charities.

orer.

I

•&Y•

Bu 1e■eral ■■ penlaloo, au■--■t, ■ad co■trvl. of tie
be. aid imlat•.

Ba

f ■ll

auqe•at

a ■d co■ trol a■d place■ iaatt■ l■

hr,esti1ates, inspects,

tie

■ tadiea,

b-.

ud reports bi~••i&llJ to

Lerl■ lat ■ re.

Naaaacbaset ts __ _
Hichlsu •••••••• j State CUldreo'a Iut itate •• j Oeder 1'-1 Depeadeat or ••1lected cblldrea wbo are
sooad l■ ■ i ■d ud bodJ.

I

I

Hlaaeaota ••••••• State Pablic School for De· Dueler
peadeot Chlldrea,

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I State Welfare Co■■la■ lon.

Ra fill jurlsdictloa ud co■ trol. ll■ta all ■ecea•&l'J'
rea:ulatiou for tile bealt•, lutr11Ction, tr&i■ in1, place■eat, aad npe"lsloa of laate8,
11■1 pL&ce cUldrea la
licellOed -rdla1 b-.,

15.1 Depeadeat or ■erlected cblldreo who are IState Board of Control .1 Bu exclllOhe ■■uc-■t

aod plac..

chlldre■ la •-•·

■ oa ■d la ■ ind a ■d bodJ.
Hlsalsaippl ···•• I State ladllOtrlal a■dTralnlD1 I 7-18 ••• I Denltute or aba■doeed cUldrea• •••••• Board of traatees of I Gorer• aid ■aloes ■ecea■ &l'J' nl,. ud re1Ulatiou.
School.
State eleeam:JU.rJ' i ■st ltut ioa.
State Board of Pablic 11111st supe"ls• tie operatloo of t._ lutitutloa.
Welfare.
Missouri •••••••• IState H- for Cblldrea ••••• I Uuder 17. I Depeade■t or aerlected cblldrea wit• State Social SecarltJ Ba flll ■uar-•t aadco■ trolaadplacea i-tea I■ hqaes.
1,0llDd ■ iDda; crippled children a.ad
Ca.lea lea.••
Cblldrea diseased or of uuoHd aiad -■J be ca.itted to
■ alt ■l>le lutltutioas.
Omo wltb coatqioas dl■eu• •1 also be adaltted.

See

foot ■ otea

at ead of table.

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Tao1e 25.-State Institutions Caring for Dependent and Neglected Children-Continued
l►
- sc ript

ti1a.t1e o! institution\

S t,1t e:

Afe i !i

l1o ntaD,1.-- - -- - - - 1 Sta te Orpt,_IUlS '

ti~--- ----- ·

S tat ~ Vo::at loflJ.l School tor

M11u h t r&t 1ve and su~rv,s on

ion ot c l~s s adt11i t t ed
Ot~er c laracte r tstics

;;e a.rs

a\a~ or &~e ncy

a.~~nc il!s

8x t ent o'! r. n ntro l

OT"

su~rv is i on

S tat e Board a ! Sd uc.a-1 H;l.5 te:i~ ul con tro l i\ nd s u~rn si on.
t ion 1-e.xf'C.o ti v(!: ti oard
of t h.e instirnti o r.1. 12

8 - 18 ••• Gi r ls wl'io t or
c are are

la.ell ot pro~r pa ren nl - - --- J o ___ - - - . - .
grow1n 1 up AS mend icanu or

--- ---- 1

Do .

I S t.?. t e

School IH~I for
pendeot Children.

o~ -

Uod!! r 16..

St a te Orph.1n..s ' Hooie---------

~v-'£Sa, __ _____ __

Ik ~nde nt or n,.. Qlt!:.:: t ~J c hi l drec wi tb
aormal and s ound minds.

St::ite 8oartl or Cont r o l •• !

Depe ndent or neglected chi l d r en a.."I de fined in tAbl~ 22.

Boa r d of d i r e-c t ors of

____ d o

S t at e School or Ind-astrJ ___ _

t he hO!'e.

I

Board Qt ; ove rc:21ent of
the s c hO'Jl.

I

zeoe,ra.l contro l. 19 t he lei'al iuardian or inma.tes, ud
ph.c e.5 i nr:ia t es 1n h~s.

H. M

~a.n11.g~, go·,e r n...-., a.nd "dntl n 1sten. rriall'5 role!' ,\nd r ei'Ulat i ons, ,1p·poln t ssu~r int -endent5 . ,upervise.s a.ppoia t 111eat
or ot~r ~rso11~l. an<l ,iay discb a rie inmates .
'Oo .

"

.

Orphan, destttate , or ne g lec t ed Indian
child r en .

$ L~te Dt-p,..rt:nent o!
c u.! Wel.hr~.

::lo-I

Pr esc r ib e s rules fO"tt>rniog ad11iss i on, ca re, f"d ucation,
t rainioi', ~ad d1.s.c harge o! i oaates .

Ohi0--- - --------1 StJ. t e Sol diers' and Sa il ors '
Or pb a ns

1

H~ .

1---------1 Chi!..dre11o! decl!asof edS tate
orpe r !l\a.neot lr d isNa t ional
abl~ mem~rs

Guard,

Board or t rnstees of the
hair .

Nava l Mi lit ia , Ori'& n iied Reserv es, or
O!!ic e rs Reserve Corp=; tsuch death or Stat e Ol!' pa rt tbent o r Pubdis.1b i li t 1 occumng in t he course or
lie Welt&~.
acti ve duty i:i t he service of the S tat e
or United Sut es I, it v it hoa t pr OPf!T
support . 14

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Non h C.i r olina--

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~ t)r.1.S ll: a ____ ____

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ll'r.-►-1-12 u. l Orphall.5, !ouodl1n1s, or iJ~s tlt~t~ ch i l11
d~n W'hO ol.n' S O!J nd in r11nd J.Od bo.:iy.

Girls.

~

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Okl &borna _______ _ Whitaki!' r Stat il!' Orphan Horae ;
W~ t Okl.a.homa Home f or Whi t e

1---------1 ifhitededependent
or neglect ed ch i ldr e n I Bo ar d of ma.cagers f or
fin ed ia tabli!' 22.
cl'lilllren ' s l ostitu&S

Childr en .

tio115.

16

State Co11111.issione r o!
Chari t ies &Dd Correc -

t imm.
lnt1t ituti? ! or Co lored Oe&t,
Bll nd, and Orj?hans.

I._ .._. ---1

Color ed de pendent o r a'"i? l N: t"'d c ht ldrH
u detlned ln t&b le 22.

1----- do- _____ ••• __ •. ---

Governs, con t rols, and maaages hone a Dd 1011at es , appoin t s

ciecessilrJ ~noaoi?l, establishes sc hools t or educat ion of
i n.111.J.t"s , and places c hildre ci in hoi,,es .
Hus t v isit, inspec t , and report upon coaditioo of hellr.

Has c0111p le te cha r li"e ove r insti tut ions aod inmates . 18 Ma.y
lntrOOuce ud earn on ind ustrial education, appoia t"peraoniiel , a.ad place chi ldren h b~s.
H1.et viait , inspect , aod i nqui re in to conditions i a a ll
insti t ut ions at l east once a yea. r ; MJ institu t e pr011rc11tioos f orYlo l at l ons of th~ law la c0111ectioa with an in sttution aad r eport to Goveraor .
Do,

:::;!Tania-.... _, State .... Soldiers' Orpbau'

Under

14-I Chlldn,n

School.

Thrlddeus St"ens Iadastrial

of soldien,. who se"ed in tbe Board of trustees or the
Spanlsh-Allerlcu War, the Philippine school.
War, or the 'i'ar with Get"IIIAllJ a.nd Aus- State Department of Weltria are adaitted h the followin.a:
fare.
prefereuce: Ill full orphans; (21 la-

therdeceased, 1110ther living; C3J father
or 110ther penunently disabled. 17
Under 14 .. I Orphan bo79 or other deservina bo,s ..... _____ do .............................. ..

School.
Rhode lslalld ____ / State H- alld School_ _____ _

Dependent or neglected children as de-1 State Department ot Pubfined iD table 22 who are not recoelie Welfare.

aized as Yicious or

cri ■ iaa.l.

Has rener&l direction and control ortbe propertJ and iun-

arement or the hstitution. 11
HAS powera of sapenision, Yhitation, exuiaation,aad
iHpection; u, order tbat ansatisfactOl"J conditions be
re■edied.

Do,
Has control and ma.nareaeat of tbe inatitatloa. Hast establish a s:,stea of r<>Ternaent aDd •te all aecessarr
rules and regulations for the trailiac alld edocation of
the iaaa.tes; appoints aecessarJ officers. teaclle~, a.ad
e ■ploye-es.

~patJ in cbaree of the
Bure an (1 Children 1 s
Care in the Div is ion of
Social SecuritJ.

South Carolina .... ! John De La Bowe
School.

Industrial

Has supe"isioa mer the institution and the plachr of
chilJrea.

1---------1 De~ndent or neglected cbil.dre11 ............. 1Board of tnrstees ______ I Hasallcontrol
of the basiaess, propertJ, and affairs. Makes
necessary rules
regul&t ions for the 1orernRnt
and

and

11&11Afi'e■ eat

of the school.

Sooth Dakota .......
Teanessee .............. l Tea.aessee Industrial School-I { 19 )

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Dependent or negliectN children as de-1 StateDepart ■entof Sdu-1 Sape"ises aa.nare.eat, deteniines rules ud reralatioas,
fined in table 22.
cat ion.
and appoints superintendent. Superintendent ■ ust repon
■ont hl7 to department.
Texas 20 _________ I Waco State hoine _____________ j ________ .j Depe,ndent Of' neglected children as de-1 State Boa.rd o! Control Has general control, management, aad direction of the af21
fined in table 2".2.
IDivi..sioa of Public Welfairs, property, and business of the institutions.~
fare).
all nec~sarr roles and reiulations, visits and inspects
institutions, and approves all c C1111it11ents to institutions
■&de bJ juvenile coart.s.
State Orphans' H----------1---------1 Children undor 14 years of ae• NY be 1----- do _______________ _
Do.
adaitted subject to such restrictions
as the State Boa.rd of Coat rol may deem
requisite.
Sute Doat. Dumb, and Blind
Colored orphaDS-----------------------1----- d0----------------1
Do.
Asy lulll foT" Colored Youths
and ColoT"ed Orphans; 22 State
Colored Orphans I HOiie.
____ /

0
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---------1

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Utah- __________ _

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Unstead Home

~e footnotes at end of table.

Dependent or neglected children as
fined in table 22. 1

de-1 Depa.rtmentof PoblicWel-j
fare.

Has supe"ision and control.

....•

Ul
Ul

raote 25.-State Institutions Caring for Dependent and Neglected Children-Continued

....c.n

a,

Description o ! class a dm. i t ted

State

Na :T'!e of instituti o:i

1

Ae • Ta

AdJUD is tratiYe aod SQ_

Other charac t eris tics

z ears

Na.!1'1'! or aeencr

Exten t or coritrol or s u~rvisi ou

J>

Viri inia _______ _

-t

1--··--··-

West Viriinia - - - Stat e ChiWre a's Booie; Stat e
Colored Children •s Home.
;

Wisconsin------ - State Public Sc hoo l

--------- I

Under

1·

Depend ent or nea-11!<:ted child re.n as ~fined in table 22.

16- 1~penden
t and neglected ,chl.l~reu vho att
tiot !eeb le - 911:inded, insane. or epilep-

S u.te Boa rd or Control - HM fu ll ma11aa-e111ent,d 1recti ot1,cootrol , and t overuaeat a.11d
e11 ploys s uperi11te11den ts o! t he hoaie!I.

St&te Boa.rd of Control. Has !ul l maoa.ge1t1e11 t a11d control. Tbe bo&rd is the le1al
roa.rdia.n o! inmates a.ad p l aces c hildren in h0111es.
t ic. Cri ppled or de!omedchild ren 111a y St ate DepartffiPDt or Pub- Mast iDSpec t the educationa l work o! the s cllool and &Ssist
lie I ns tr1Jcti on .
the State Boa.rdo! Coot rol in develophi,i t ra.lnine &etiYibe adtnitt~ 1! th e ir c ond iti ons are
t ies.

amen&bl"! t o treatme u.

Wyom !. nii ----- ---- lS tate Children's Hotre ______ _

Depe ndent or neglected children as
tined in tabl~ 22.

de- 1Stat e BOIi.rd of

Charities I Has ieoera.l cont r ol and supe- rv lsioo.

and Re rorn.

National Trainini Schoo l f or
Boy,.

Industrial fiOAe School- - --- -

N-

Ind us trial Home Schoo l ! or
Co lored Child ren.

Underl7_ r White andcoloredboyswhoare destitute
of a. su ; tat;h~ home a.od &deqaa t e means
o! obtaining a.n honest livin J . 2
--- do ___ Wh ite a.n.d colortd ii r ls wbo a.re des
. titute of a suit&hle ho111e a.ad adequ&t e

Boa rd of trustee s of t he
sch oo l.

Has ra ll control &nd ma.nagenect; Mi.es b7-l.&W"S, rules. and
TeQ'Ula.t1 ons t o r iovern~ ct ot the school; lllll1direct stud1~.5 ; ,iod appou.t , !I D pe r i nt ~ odl!nt, neces.s ar:, t~ ac1'en, and
&Ss is u.nts.
Board of Public Welfare - !fas complr te a.11d exclushe c ontrol and N.o.aeement ot t he-se
s chools .

nteaos of ob ta ini ng an honest liYin g. 1
White boys and girh wh o are depeod~.at
do
or negl ected . 2
Colored boys vbo are dependent or neg- _____ do
lected. 2

1-----

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10nlr th01e institutiom Whicll ullder tbe l.&w are specificallJ eatablisbed for tbe care
of depeDdeat &Dd Deflected children are inclUded bere. HoweYer, it should be noted tbat
alder jffeaile eoan law, wbicll in s011e States pt'O'fide tllat the couru •1 ca.it dependent ud ae1lected children to i•titatloa witboat aa1 clear definitioa. of what ia •aat,
Heh clrildre■ could pooaiblJ be ccaitted to iaetitatiou established priaarilJ for tile
care ot delbqaenta.
"Delinqae■ ta are aloe adloitted to tbe i•tlt ■ tlon.
1 Accordhr to tile report of tbe State DepartaeDt of Social WelfaN to the Gcwer1or'1
Coaacil I l!IZSJ ccait••t• of depelldeRt cblldrea were made to tile Ye ■t ■ra State School
tor Girll aid tile l'Noton State School of ladatry; tile. . lutitatiou were eetabllabecl
for tllo carw aid trablDf of dell14ue1u.
'Tu -rd .., adlolt a■J child d-Ddelt 1po1 the pablic for ■ upport.

18Tbe exec-atiYe baard bu oaly such autborltJ rel.at be tot be iaedlate control Ud uau - , be coaferred 11po1 it by tbe State Board of Bducatioa.
Glrll ..,.t pones■ a decree of a.. tal alld bodil.J ..alth whlch.-e"'1er11~ile• flt ■ abJeeta
for trahiaa.
"Clllld and p&re■t■ or 111ardlan aaat b&Te beea resident■ of tbe State for not lea■ tllaa
l year prior to date of appllcatioa.
- -llttr board hu beea appoi ■ted and ao appropriat ioa aade for tu operation for ■neral
Jear■ • The wort of thl.l departM ■ t I■ carried oa bJ tbe departae ■ t of cbaritiea ud corNCtio• aad tbe State Board of Pablic Affairs.
1
'Tbe thuclal &Id tiac&l affairs aro older tile control of Oe State Board of Pablic
aceae ■t
10

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Nation a l Training School l or
Glrls.

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Alask•---- · ·····

0

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Wa.s hiDitOII -- - ---

District o! Columbia ,

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17
Par■■ t■ aat haYe roa!ded In tile State at leut 5 year■ precedlar the date of applicatloa.

z

--

•111e board aay retv.ra to tb:e cou t7 ot coai tHat iDcon-lrlblea or cUldrea vi tll 1a1a,ud

■ tad.a or bodiea wbo, becau•e of a11cb coadi tiou, e&uot be placed or retai ■ed

••1

ii a tuil.1

• 1ocon-lrlble cblldrtt or cblldrea vllb •lcloaa blll>lta
aha be ~ltted .
7 Deltnqueata llllder 10 1ean of ace ud tboae over 10,
U not aerioval7 delhqaent, 11&1
bT adoltted to >be Ju•eaile lloae.
•tu State Board ot Soci&l Ve11&re ■oat cooperat~ vi t.b the board h i ti auacaeat ud
coatrol of State h.atintioaa a.ad tieir iaaates .
1Tbe board coa■ titutea tbe board of truatee• of tbe boae.
UTbe director of tile children' a bureau of tbe C::0e111iaaioa ia ex officio aaperiDteadeat
of tbe l>oae .
llCbildrea o•er 12 years ot ace a.ad aader 115 ud cbildrea witb aHa:bt pb7aical detect•
..., be adaitted at tb• di ■cretioa of tbe board of truateea.

11 B,-lura, nl•, a.ad r-,llatlou 11&4e b7 th board
are nbJect to Oe appronl of tbe
of Oe State Depart■Ht of Public laatructloa.
&-18 Jt&rll of &(I &ad f-1.H &-1& THrt of &(I &N adaltted to tbe acbool.
aola &ddltlo1 to th 1Datlt1tl01■ berela lacluded there la pro•l ■ loa la tbe law for tbe
eatabliaAllent of a colored 1lrla 1 tr&iaiq ·acbool to care for depeade ■ t ud' deliaque■t
cUldrea. Ho fuoda ba,e bee• pro•lded u of
1, 1939, tat tile •t&bllablle■ t of tbla
■ uperhteodeat

11 Halea

acllool.
11

J..,...,.

...
Feeble-■ iDded, ,i,ileptic, or iaaue cbildrea or tboae c,ildrea afflicted vitb aa,

c01111uaicable diaeue &&J aot be &daitted to tbis iaatit11tio1.
11
Tbia illSti.tatioD WU priuru, eat&bliabed for deaf, dllllb, ud blhd c•Hdrea. ne
State Board of Courol la aat~ri&ed to traaafer colored orpba.a ■ to tlai ■ il ■ tit11Uo1 traa
the State Colored Orphua' Hoae.

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Tabl• 26.--llajar PoNrs and DutiH of Principal Pulll le Agencies In Relation to Care of Dependent and Neglected Clli ldren Outside of Own H011es or
State Institutions

Sta t e

Alabama _____ • _..

Aieocies e.ce r c1siog
cont r ol or sape rv is i o11

l State Oepartmeo t

of Public Welf a re !bureau ol
child welfare I.

Coua t 7 depa.rt mea t s
pub lic ittlfare.

Jrizona

of

Relatioa.sbip to joYeaile- cou rt

Ad• i srs vitb jadizes a.ndprob at ion
office rs . Requires repo r·u f rotn

conr u .
appointment bJ coa rt 11ust pe r-

1On

Conn t he !uac ti oas o f a p r obat i on
offi cer o r a.geot &nd in ves ti gat e
comit me nt s t o , and discha r l( e of
thildren f rom , iastit utiou under
coort 1 s soper¥isioo.

----- -- -- 1Stat e

0

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Depart■e■t

California _____ _ 1State
ehl Welfare.

of So-

Hus t investigate, euclae, and
r epo rt on j ne aile probation 11&t-

boards of saper-

Yisors .
County boards of pablic
welfare.
Coaat7 probation c01111itte•••

I

F·e der&l

I

)>

Hiscellaneou, power :,. A.nd d utt e" relati na to dep,->ndf'nt a.nd ne2l ec1ed cri ildre n

cbild

wel!&re
aieoc i es

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X- -· - ---- -- 1 X - ------ 1 Mu~ t vuit , ln5~t , a.od r eQuire ~rt.s fr om all pub Hc a.nd p riu.te i11~t1tut1oa$
t o detennhe 5dequacy ot !acil1tie5 . Hust t"S tAb lish , 11.aintAle. , or provide homes
o r o t lrle r aienc ies ud recehe children c 0111P1i t ted t o the b ure.1u1.
Must cooperate wi th &11 ctuld-cuirlQ .\Qe-nclrs 1nd iave s t iiate at t heir CN a discre ti on or as directed by tbe State dt-parueat t he cood 1t1on~ of a.Dy c hild.
Gar ry on such ch il d welfare actiTities .a s are de legattd to t be111 by tb e State
dep a rt seat .

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___ ___ _J So?'! rvises pr ivat e a nd local public Ajiencies 3.Dd i asti tati oas and the ca r r of
c hildren ia f oster hoa1e.s &.ad ust it utio:ss.

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Pet" tona duti~ as presc ri bed by Sta te departeeol aad c ooper a t e 111it b ot he r local
agencies.

Arkan s as ____ ___ _ 1 State Depart11elll of
Hus t s u~ rv he jaTeni le cou r t delie ilelfare .
p11.rt aeot.
County or district depar t ■ ea ts of public
welfare.
C.Ou■ ty boards ot Yi s ita-

tioa.

•

Powe r to
oopera t e

). ------- --- 1l

Department of 00c ia.l Secu r ity and Welfare .
Coun ty boar ds of social
se cu,-ity and publi c
we U a re.

Pub- 1

c.O

Power to
license
pri ute
aee11cies and
ln s titut1 ou

....

~

Hust iavesti1ate the cue of any
ward aad report to t be cga rt 'ilpoa
reqaest of I.lie J neaile co ur t.

l

--- - ---· --- 1l

_______ j Host administ e r o r supe rvi se a ll ch il d 111eltare activities and most superv i se all
poblic o r pr hate c hild-cariu i agenc it> s , boa rdi air h011es , 3..Dd i nstitut i ons .
Socb powers and doties 11.s 11&7 be presc ri bed bf St att> departae at.

Hast Yisit at leas t anaoall y all in s titutions , soc i e ties, and associations recehiag ch ildren aad may ■aie r ecoaaeodations t o tbe ju..-eaile cou rt s .
l

·--------- 1l

··· ---- Hust eke n l ~s aad reg ■ l•t ioas for tbe proper ■ahteaaace a.ad care ot aeedr
children a■ d for tbe administration of aid t o needy c hildren. Ha s t inquire a t
any t.i ■e into t be ■ Hag e.eat of a nt ia.st i tatioa rece hiag State aid or int o the
aa.aageaeat bf a■ J coua tr ot a id to ■ eed7 cbildrea.
Appo int mat ron s aDd a aperlat,e adeats of county dete■ tioa b011es, subjec t t o approval
of J uveaile coarta •
Must visit q1M.rterl7 all iaa tituti oas recelTiag cou nty luDds.

Coo trol aad maoa,e lateroal aftal ni of couot1 deteatloo bomea ; ■us t upoa request
of coau, aape"l10ra or Junalle coort Judt• otulne qoalltlcat1oa1 and ••aceae■ t of &17 iaatlt•tio■ otber th&a a State i ■■tltat.ioa carh11 tor J u•ea lle co■ n
. . rel■ •

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x __ ____ _ Nutt

ad■ htater or ■apenlee all cblld welfare acthltlea ud pro•ide aenicl!e
to cou1t1 ronnaeau relat!Ye to co11t1 welfare departaeau aad fuctlou.

Colorado···-·-•• I State Departaeat of Pub-

lic Welfare.
DiYt ■ io■ of p1blic welfare of tbe eiecut\Ye

- - - - -- - - - -- - - - - - - - · • • •••• · · · - •••• I

X. - • ··- ••••

ca.plal ■ ta qabat and Mke ia'f'eatiiiattoas of pri'rate eleeaos1a1ry i ■ stit11tio111
&Id report to O.e GoYenor coacer11 ■ 1 · ■ acb iaYeati11tio••·
No private i■ atitatio ■, aocietr, or q:eacr • r recei't'e aay depeDdeat c!li.ldren until aacb actioa Ila bffa appro't'ed bJ tbe bareau. Sacb iaatitatioas are ·subject
to tie Thitatlo■ of tbe bureu wbicb report ■ aaaaallJ to tie dhtsloo of pobllc
welfare.

departae ■ t.

State hreaa of Cbild
ud Aaial Protect i oa .

H&y be appohted by t be

Na1 !aspect tbe iastitatloaa aader its npenlaioa ud control. Hut receive

cou ■ tJ

cour t as it'll&rd ian of an, depea dea t , ■ ee l ec ted , abaadooed , or
crue lly treat ed c hild ■ nde r l4

rear s of aae .
Coa ■ t1

Adlli ■ iater

care aad treat.eat to depeadeat aid ._aadicapped clllldren aader ralea
re1Dlatioa of tbe State depart.eat. Mnt inestifate aad pass upoa all applicatioaa tor adllbaioa. to, or diacU.ree fn:aa, coa ■ tr i■atltatioas carl ■ e for

or diatrict de-

part-■ ts

of pabl.lc vel·

&ad

fare.

hdireou.
Mat Tlslt ud teep advised of coaditio■s &ad a1qea1t of all local, pablic,
or pri"t'ate boaea tor children or iastl Utioa■ supported iD w!lole or i■ pan bJ
coa ■ tr or ■ uicipal tuatio■; ■ at recoae■ d ■ecnaarr cba■ 1ea ud report uoaallJ to tie State depart ■eat.

Coaat, boards of Tl.Si l·

ora.

Coaaec:tlcat

-----1 Colllliaioaer of Welfa r e -1

Hus t coope r a t e wi t b j 11 ve1 i le

1 --- -- -----1 -- --- ---- 1llu

eeoeral Hpentsloo OTer tbe welfare of depeadeat ud aeelected cUldre1.
Swpe"taea tbe place.at o1 cbildrea i ■ foster !IONS and mt correct abases ia
all cbild welfare i ■ atitatiou ud qe■ciea. Mut cooperate wit!I cou■ tJ coadasioaet's aa aeaben of coa ■ tJ d'°teatioa hoae board.a of -■ a,eae ■ t a■d • r ·ae"e
as a ae■beT of sacb boards.

coarts a.ad wi t b tbe approva l o(

t be a t t oraey gener al

establish

ru l es for tbe i nvest i ea tion and

i:eepiai' of J uven i le cour t reco rd s . Hay re present inte rests
of cbi.ldrea io co urt , a.nd as
cbie ! juveni le cou rt p roba. t i oa
officer may instruct and d irect
a ll probat i oo ot! i ce r s.

X --- .. -- -- --1 -- - -- -- -- 1Maa1 cooperate with, ad't'tse, and assist tlle Co■aisai011.er of Welfare iD carryiae
oat bi ■ dati~ aad
ilrspect bo■es and i11atitutio11a tor depeadeat or ■ eelected

Public Welfare Coaac 1 l •

a,

cbildrea.
As boards of Maa,en they ine ·supe"isioa of all cllildrea coaait ted to

Boards of couatr co:mm i ssio■en.

TOWI! ■electHl. 1 --- ----- I May tile petitioas vi tb j uYenile
co urt &lleehlil: c hildren. to be

uaca r!M fo r, depen.de at, o r 0.ei 0

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Delaware-------- I State Boardof Cbarit leo .

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footnote■

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of table.

cou ■ tJ

dete,itioa bo■ es, ud of all childrea transferred fro■ such bClllf!'& to a foster
boae or iastltatio■• Tbey aa, 't'l&it aDCb children aad re■o't'e the■ for caae.
As OYeneera of tbe poor tbeJ ■ut caoae all cbildre ■ 1a alasbovses tobe re■O't'ed
to a deteatio■ bo■e. 1 Mnt Yisit u.d i ■spect ■oatlll1 all priYate foster homes,
reporti ■ I ti.:e reception., death, or re ■o't'&l of a11 child. Mut report 11011tbl.y to
Pabllc Welfare Coa■cll. •
l

■ecesaarr, proper, ud ezpedteat tOI" tile supe"i•ioa,
care, caatodJ, board, ud placeae■ t of depeadeat or ■ qlected cbildre ■• Mar ~
tabllab lt.o■es ud otber qeacies, con.tract with approYed aeeacies, aad•1 place
childre ■ coaiued to it• care l■ fully boaes or iaatit ■ tions. Mast establish
atudarda of care la boardiq ._oaea, auperYise u.d ia'f'eaticate all cbild..:.cariae
qeacies ud i ■ stitatioa ■ sapported la wbole or la part bJ pabllc fuads.

---- --- - -- 1--- --- - _-1 herciaes sac'-: daties u are

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Tabl• 26.-Major Powers • • • PuDllc Agencies • •

Su t e

A11e cc1e s e xerci s in g
cont ro l o r $U~rv u1 on

•

Care of Dependent and Neglected Children Outside of Own H011es or State Institutions-Con.

kda.ti o a: s hi p to 1uve nile co urt

Polfer i o
cooptor,'Ll e
., ith
f''ed e r.sl

Power t o
licen5e
priu.t,

I

4.iencif!' s uri

c hilri

in st i tuti o n

wltare

•

en

Mhc e llan~o us powe r s i\nd dut1e , r el .1 t1ow t o dept:ndPnt a.nd ne,l e ct e d ch il d ren

Fl or i da. - . . . ... - - Stat e ,r e l tare Board

of

rr,

and juda:l!'s rtU!' t
cooperat~ v1 t b the St at e bo a rd,

ot the bure &u a.r e: t o pro v 1rte e t te,c t 1 Y~ ~ a.a s fo r t he pr r v, ci t t oo o f
cr uelty t o clnld r en; t op rovt'1 e t or ent o r c e11C at ot d l laws e nac t ~ t or t br p r otec ti o n ot c bildre.a; to provide t o r c b i) dre a i n ac~ of s pcc u l c u e : t o 1a lti at e ud nec ute pl&.115 for tbe ieoeral we l hre o r c b1ldre11, t o coo perate .., it h any
o tber c haritable oriruiz..at i on, c olffli. s s1 on , o r Ai eDCf eaca ll'ed u ch ild wt":lhre
wo rl; &ad a ccept tbe c a.re a.ad c us tody o t ch1ldrea by dir~ tt o n o r co ~1 t 111ent o f
a.ay c 011pe te11t coort , j adie, or offi c er .

l

--· ---·---1l

__ ____

J Ma1

Dis tr 1ct boards ot ,oc.ia.l velf& r e .

Countr boards o!

to r s .
Georii l .1 •• ___ __ __

j StateDepa.r till!!nto !

vhi-1 Appouted b1
Pub-

llc f elt.are .

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ldabo

local public a.nd pri•ate chlld-c.a.rh2 &geD.cies and i nst i t ut i ons .
Has autboritJ to 111. vest i 2au a.ll cblldrea ia alasbooses a.ad arra.nce ! o r more
suitable care . Ha1 contra.c t wltb pruate iastit11 t1oas t or the ca re of cb1ldrea .
Aathorued t o appoint coaatJ or clty bOard s of •hitors , to inspect all iastit atioas ud agencies, aod to report to . the Sta.te depa rtmeat .

Hay e stablis h, equ i p , a nd ma ia t aia t e11pon.r 1 de teat i oo homes. 8

Couat1 IN!'lfare

sioas.

Hust pass upon a ll applica.t i oas !or admission to , and discba r ee from , couat y inst it uti ons and per fo r■ socb o t be r ve lfa r e ac t l 'f lt ies u m&J be de l eeated t o tb ea by
the St a t e depa rtaeDt o r t be coaaty coadss i oae r s .
Vi s it ia ultut i oo.s , socie t ies , or assoc i a t ions r ecehhg cbild r ea , and r epo rt
aoaually t o tbe cou rt s r elat 1Ye t o the children com i tted .

J _____ __

Sta te Depa rt ■eat o f Public Ass i s t a11ce .

commis-1 Aut horiaed

t o c ooperate wi th Ju\.
CoantJ we lfare
a uperv isor, if d n ir u. t ed bJ tlle

Teaile

co urt ■ •

coart. a&Jpft rf o r• tbe faa c t io.a

est a blish and oper ate aece:n&ry publ i c hoJDes, f ar11t5, and ~c hooh . Pre scribe,
standards for all child wel f a.re institut1 o ns o r 4i encie~ a.nd may pld.ce children
ia public or private homes and u1stitut1ons. 4
~us t car r y on actiTities deleQ"a. t ed to i t bf the State board ud is under Ute 5Upenhlon a nd control o! tbe Sta t e board .
Coatrol and 111&nai'e detent i on hoaes a.nd " i sit a.11 1astitut1oas , soc!.ettes, a nd sssocuttoas receiTiar deliaqueau .

J l ___ _ __J Supe r •ues all

Doards of coun t y coa i ss i oners .
Co unt y o r dist rict depa r tmeo t s of public
" el! &r e .
Advi so r y boa rds ________ I Hay be ,1,p p o i a t ed by Ju v e ■ ile
courts to adTise and cooper at e
witb tbe courts iD ma tte rs concernill g tbe.elfa r e of cb ildr ea ,

8.

0
0
00

jaYH il e co ur t ___ _ _

Hos t cooperate w1tb Juvenile
CDurts ill uraniine pr ope r care
tor de,penden t ornea:lt-c t ed cbildaa or those in da.ager of becoll iail so, &nd witb parole, super v is i on. , aad pr obat i on serv ices .

"'ti

The cbJ ec t,

1 • • • • • • • • • • _ _ --

-- --1 Juven ile coort5

;!
--4

.t1i1:eac1es

0et.111111.r e- Co:i t d . j n 1 ld rea ' s Bu re a.u
Dc l"v"re ,

.....

~

S.powe r ed to adain iat er cUl dre1 'a aid proe r ... h v bic b U1e Stat e o r Fede ra l
GO'f'e ratteat par t i c i pate ud t o supe nhe all ot he r f o r■s o! cbar i tJ &dllini• t ered
bJ COtJ Dt ies .

Adaiahte r cb ild we lf arll! ae" tces a11 tbo r i1ed u■ de r t be 11pe" ill or ot Ole State
depa rt llf!'at aad
coopttate wi tb a ll pabllc or priYate qe ■c i• or orea1iutio ■ 1
pro, id hll senicea f or t lie pr ot ect lOft &ad care o f ch ildre ■ •

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o1 • proba tion off i ce r or aeency

i

a

11der the cour t 's supenisioa,

I

1' .,. . . . ... . .. 1 - - - - - • • • • Mast laapect aad lDYeatlrate chlldrea' 1 boae1, fladile ·aocletie1, orp11&1111es, &ad

llllooia ________ State Departaeat of PubUc Welfare.

lJl•1-1a-•o•pltals. Must Yhit cHldrea placed la fuilJ ..... ud p&aa opoa
111 uaociatioH carla1 for poor cbildreu. ll&J, apoo co■pl&ht, •ioit ud in-

spect charitable 1ocletiea,

f

...

i ■■ titatioa•,

or

associatio ■s

Uc aid or are aapported bJ trust fuDda.
8&'Ye care &ad over■ illlrt of all 1eed7 peraoa■ u.d

O,,erseera of the poor"' __

Boarda of coanty superYtaors or coad ss i on -

■uat

which appeal tor pab-

·aee tbat tiler are

·■1itabl7

relieved ud aapported, sabject to sac• reeu.latioas n u.r be pracribed b7 the
1o•enia1 board ot Oe coutr. tcwu•ip, or citJ.
Kaintaia ud 11Uqe coaotJ poorbou,,a ud poor ta,... ud ■ aat p&J tile taltioa
of cUldraa liYin1 la lllCb hstl tatloaa ud atte1dia1 UJ dlltrict ac ... l. T•e1
aa, e■ tablta•, ■ appon, ud aaiatai ■
for t•e teaporarr e&re ud catod.J
of depeadeat ud deliaqaent cbildreo.
Carr, 011t av.ell powers, datiea, ud hactiou u aa, be pNscribed bJ' ne bo&rd
of coutr c01111i· ■sioaera.
Under aapentaioa of tbe State dep&rt-t, "ineatl1ate ud atmJ probl- of ustatuce, correctioa, ud a:eaeral welfare wltbia Oe couatJ. SerTe as the aae ■ t
ud es:ecutiYe officer ot tbe State departaeat.
Tbe boa- ■ .. t •bit &DDD&llJ all iostitatioas to vbicb cbildreo are coaitted
ud ■■st report tbeir fhdlars ro Oe cont ud to tloe State Board or i'ablic
Welfare.
Must super•tse ud i ■-pect all local public ud priYate cllild-caria1 i■stltatioas
ud board.inc boaes ud ■ ast sapentse care of cUldre■ ii foster tuil7 bOlle'I or

•Olliff

ers.
CoWltJ bareaaa of pub-

lic welfare.•
Co11.nt1 depart ■ en ts ot
pablic welfare.•
Hay be appo in ted by count t juve-

Boards of 't"isitati on - --

nile court.
16

hdlua _________ , State llep&rtaeat o f PubUc Welfare. 10

_ _ __ __ _ _ _

j i ______

J

i ■ ia ■ titations.

CoaatJ or distri ct depa rt ■ e ■ t·a of public
welfare.

IOW&------------1

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8.

State Depart ■eat o! So- [ Mas t coope rate w1 tb all juven ile
ci&l. Welfare.
couru i n the- State .
1

Plus, sapentaes, and reeulatea all child welfare areacies witllia t'-:e State.
Desiraates, i■■pects, u.d approYes all instit ■ tio•• for the comaitaeat of cblldrea. Cooperates witll all count, welfare aae■cies, couat1 boards of sapeniaon,
ud all otber aceacies in order to ntablt•• aad ·atre■ rtbea pablic u.d prhate
cUld 11eUare oenices lad actiYitiea.
Couat7 boards of supe-r- 1--- -- - - ----- - -- - -- - --- - -- - --- ----1 - - ----- --- - -1-- - - -- -- - 1 M11at appoiat ·saitable persons to caretordestitate orpllu.a wbo are 1e1lected ud
Yiaor,s.
wit.boat 1aardia.■ s. MaJ establiab, sapentae. ud 10Yer1 coutr lloaea to wUcb
cbildre■ are &d■itted. 11

lanau ----------1 State Board of Soc i al
Velfare.

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0
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Uader rules aad recalations of the State depart•at are rnpo11ible for care u.d
treataeat of dependent, ae1leeted, ud baadicapped cblldrea. Mar usaae coatrol
of depeade■ t or neiilected children u.d with coueat of Ja•e■ ile coart c0111it ·sacll
cbildre■ to orpbu as1lu11s or otherwise •• the court directs.
Kar deteraile
·••• to be paid for iaatit11tion&l or faster ltoae care.

State Board of
tratio■•

See footaotes at ead of table,

Adin inis-

I· __________·---------------------1L

I

I

- - · ·· - · - - x_ ___ __• Muat deYelop, ad■ioiator, or ·supe,.;loe cbild welfare acthltiea ud senicea iacladi■ 1 the care aad protection of depe ■deat, ae1lected, defectiYe, ud lllealtiaate ch.ildrn. Mast ·superYt■e prhate a1encies aad all acth'ities of the
co11■ tJ board■ ot aoci&l. welfare.
1-- ------ --- --- ----- --- ---- ---- ---1 --- ----- --- -1·----- ---1 All priYate i•stitatloa of a cb&ritabl• aatare recehla1 State &id are sabject
to visitation, i ■■pectloa, ud · ■apentaioa bJ the board wUcll ■aat pu ■ apon

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Tabl• 26.--lla.)or PoNra

State

•

•

•

Pullllc AgenclH

Ageo.c i es exerci 1ia.ii
coatrol or superv i sioa

•

•

•

Care of Dependent and Neglected Children Outside of Own lloaH or State Institutions-Con.

Relatioasllip to jaYeaile court

Pove·r to
Po-..e r to coope r atei
vl t b
license
I pr hat.f!' federal
child
&i'Hci es a nd
institalio.11s welfare
aieacies

•

I

veUare. u
Boar ds of couat7 coaisslo ■ ers.

Jnellile cou r ts _____ __ _
Hust d i sco.,er depetldeat aa.d neglK t ed cltildren a od secu r e t he
beaetiu of the law fo r tbem.

J _______ ___ f l

0

~
~

0

0

0
00

rv

Board ot Lou ia• i Ue u d

Je tr ersoa Cou at7 Cb H drea 's H011e .

Cova t J ! he al court ■ .. _
Adv iso r, board of tb e

••1

co a1t7 court, jneaUe

Louiliaaa ... -- --- 1Sta te Depart.eat of Pu blic Wollan, I bureau of
c bil d welfare) .

Porlab or district boardll
of pab llc we lf are , u

.,,

Hay e-st&bliab a.ad aai1 t da cout1 de t f!"a tioa ac bools i ■ sKoad class cou.ati~.
be appoi ■ ted by tbe co111t1 J adit" of eacb coua t r a od ■u ■ t visit
Tbne boa rds
et leas t a111·aa l1 7 all ias t lta tioas or societies r ecei Yiat c hild rea coaaitted bJ
ord er of tbe J uv ea ile co urt. The b08.rd must Mhhe ud cooper ate wi tb t he court
ud recoae ad aeedf al meuares,

s.e• 1io1.
J

■ oat perf ora i 11ct i oa of probati on officer or a1eat of tbe co urt i ■
ur welfare ■ atttts .

It appob ted b7 coart

----- ---1

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--t

t o admiaister &.ad supervis e a.ll c H ld l!fel!a.re act hi ties illcludiaa the
ias~ctio.a of All public a nd prlnte c bild-c&daa areacies; 11ust supenise tbe
"0rl aDd metbods of all iast i tutioas , associa t ious. or socie t i~ rN:eh i ac St ate
aid; 1u1 provide c a re !or cbildrea committed to it.
Hiles sacb iuest i ratioas a.Dd pertor■s such ~rvices JM! r ta i aiar tocbildrea a.s M.Y
be reque,ted by the fiscal co,u-·t of co unty . Assists tbe child velta re dhislon
o! the State depa r t.eat a.ad pe-rt ornis 51Kb s enic4!s u aa, be required by it.
Cbaraed v itb custod7, care, tra.1a1 ari. and education of cbildrea c o1111itted to laoeae-.
Hust maintain schools a.ad M1 biad oat and appreatic.e cbildrea or place thein h
boaes.

as probat iOD. o r pa r ole
off icer i! appo in ted by jne ■ ile
cou r t or c o11 ■ t 1 j udrie,
Has t ti l e petit i o• i ■ tbe county
cou rt whe neve r it bas probable
ca ae t o be li eYe t bat .1 boy ude r 17 1 eara o f a, e or • rit r l
uDder l8 ta deli aqaeat, depe:Dd ea t , or aeglected .

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--- ---- 1 Eaepo'ft!red

Co10 tr childr en 's bur eau _ Se rv es

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Hhcella.aeo115 po1i1en ud duties rehtiaa to depe arlt' nt • ad nei lt-cted c h.ild re a

their !itons ua.u&lly. All ,ssoc uti o ■ s o f the State wtucb rN:ehe depende nt
.e.ad oerlectNt c bildreaaresubjttt to the wi s 1utio n, i ■.sp N: t1oa, 11Gd s aper•u io a
of the board ud ■ ust file- a.a u aual report wi tb th~ board .
Hast proYide .iid, assis tance. and se-rv1ce on tbe bas1.s of need under rules aed
regalati oas of tbe State board. Ma1 plac e and super•i s e cbildre-ti i.a boaes.
la couaties witbpopulati oa of ~3.0CO or 111-0re , iures t&blisb coa.aty parental boae-s
for depeadea t children. ID couaties of 2),000 o r ao re, may establish lif ith approu.l o f decto rs, count, dete.ati oa hoaes or juveaile hnns t or tbe car·e o!
c Hldrea v ho are ia the custodJ of tbe Ju•enih court .
Supervise con.a t, detea t io.a bome s llDd j u•ea ile ! 11.r11s.

CoUD t7 board9 of soc i&l

! &re td i Yision of child
111elfarel.

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laasas-Coatd _ •. J State Board ot Ad11iahtratioa-Coniaued .

leatocty ________ \ State Depa r tine at of 'l'-el-

.....

Sap~n hes parisb we lf a r e depa rt aeats.

Cbar1ed wit h care and trea t.eat of depe1de1t , aer l ected, deli aque1 t, and budi cappod chlldreo , aad SDcb other wolfare acll•lll09 • • ■11 bo deloaatod t o tb ..
by t he St ate de-part.eat ,

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S■peniu■

State, parocbial, ud ■■alcipal c•arltable lutlt ■tl-. lu d1l\orial power■ o•er prlYat• orp•■ u,1-, •oepltal.a, ud c•arttable l1atltutlo■1.
Doe■ ■ot n:erclae exec1tlTe or adlli■ htrathe power.

State loardof Curltln ltnt l ■Yntlrate ,.tltt ..a fUed
ud Correctlon.
for adoptl .. of c•lldrea ud re-1

~r.~. .~~~~~~~~.j.~~~~~:~.~~~~.:

Part•• pollce Jarlea •••••

Naia•,·········· 1State

Depart ■ nt

of 1•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••

16 ••••••••• 1x••• -•••

le&lO ad Welfare.

•1 -

lllolcipal board& of cUld 1
c:oo,plaiat■ co ■ ceni■1
welfare In offlclo depndnt ud 011lectedcbildrn.
oYeraeen of. tbe poor).

lfu7lad ········ l Bo■ rd of State .lid

-n

x •••••••••• , 1 ••.••••

ud

Cllarltle■•

lluaacbaett■

Co■at1 welfare -rcl& 14
ud Depart■e■ t of Welfare of Baltl■oreCltJ.
••• State Depart■eatof P■l>­
llc Welfare.

I

lle..Ser probatloa senlcea to
couts eurclailr J ■rt ■dlctio■

OTer

Nay co■ tract tor 01 care of cblldre■ f~eld pe■di■1 jnealle co■rt proceedllf■ I
wiO u1 peno■, •-latlo■, or lutltatlo■ poueai■ 1 proper facilltle■•
lint lnntieate ud l■■pect tlle coadltloa ud -■ar-t of all l ■atitati- ud
areacin of a Cbrltable or correctioaal uure wlllc• derhe a■ J aapport fro■
pablic hllcl■ • Na, pnwlde care for cbildrn.
Mut hvntlf&te all c.... of crNl or i ■ Jarlo ■a treataeat of clllldre■ • OYer•1 place cblldre■ la a1■■ •0•-·
Ma•t l ■ Ye1tl1ate, · ■ tadJ, &ad coaalder tlle wllole a,ate. of pabllc ud prhate iastitatiO'ls, or1ui&atio.-a, aad a,ncles at cllarltable aature. Mast ntablt■ lt
nles ud re1alatlou c~ri■I l ■ atltatlou, a,nc:iea, ud aocietlea llaYiar tlte
care of 1 or ■ore ■ lion. Na, e■ tabllsb coHtJ welfare boards or doleaate exlatlar arncln or orea■ iaatl- u Its
C.arred wltb Oe care of depeede■ t, ■qlected, ud dellaq1e■ t cbildrn. Uadff
tbe sapent ■ loa of Oe State -rd.

-ti.••

■ i ■on.

. . ., be adYioed bJ Oe I •••••••••• ! X••••••• Mat recelYe aed care for lllerlti■ate cbildrea uder 2 ,ears of are aarre■dered
bJ ■oner for ldoptloa. lleceiYes cbildrea co■■ ltted to It bJ Jnealle court ud
co■ rt of all CC111Plal ■ t■ filed
•1 pnwl.de for Mi■ tnaace of d.,-.de ■ t cUldrea ader 21 1ean of are o■ apallerhr depade■c1 or oe1lect
plicatioa of pareat, eurdlaa, frleed, or local board of p■bllc welfare. ltnt
of cUldrea.
Yhlt aH ■allJ all ■iaor cUldrn, all pabllc lod1i ■1 •o■■e■, &Id all c•arlt&ble
corporation wbtc• report u ■ -&111 to tbe depart■eat wlO tbe co■■e■ t or at tlle
reQant of ·sncll corporatioa. Puaes apoa fitaeaa of cUld-cari ■ 1 aanclea to
■ene n 1aardlaaa of cblldrea.
Mast
place cUldre■ oftr 2 1ean of are la thir cbar1e la fuil1 bo■es or u,1Towa boards of pablic
to be sapported bJ tcara utll oOerwtoe cared for. Na, co■■ lt aa, lodlreat or
veltare. 11
ae,lected ldut wlOoat ■ettle-■ t to tbe cutodJ' of tu State departaeat. Mat
Yialt all cHldrn placed at leat oace eYerJ 3 -tlla.
Mlc~i1u •••••••• 1 State llolfare Coaia■b. I........ __ --·-·----·-·--·-------· 1 X ____ ·--•--1--------- Hu 1e1eral sapenlslo■ of paaper aad refonator, lutltatl ..a of t•e State aad
cou.atiea. &.powered to aalte all 1ecnaar1 rales ud retalatio■ s to promte tlle
beat latere■ ta of cHldraa. Na, Yl ■ lt ud eu■i■ e all Uce ■■ed cUld-carlae
qeaciea.
Couat1 weUare aceau __ Mast lnotir ■ te cues inol>'hl
Are appoiated for tbe care of Jne■ lle otfeaden ud depeadeat cblldrea. Moat
cllildrea w,ea referred to tie.
>'lslt aacb c•lldrea at least a■a ■allJ ud report to tM State Welfare Co■■ l-■ ioa.
bJ t•e probate coart fjnnile
Jlepart ■e■ t

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-nls of saperrtson fsaperlateadnt■
of tbe poor I.

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See footaotn at

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table.

A coaatr board . . , eater into u a,reeaeat, for a period aot to exceed l 1ear,

wltb arncies ud 1 ■-tltatlou ■ppnwed bJ Oe State llelfare Co■atsaioa for tbe
care ot poor, aiclt, distressed, abucloaed, aeedr, or crippled cllildrn of tlte
coa ■ ty. Nay &ho appropriate 110aey to aabaldl&e priY&te cllaritable iutit1tlou
or a1eacte1.

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TaOl• 26.--llaJor Powers •

State

•

Public Agencies •

•

Agencies nerc isu11l
control or sup e r,is1011

•

• Care of Dependent and Neglected Children Outside of Own Hoe•• or Stale lnslllullons-Con.

Relatl oo.s blp to juveni l e c o art

Power to
Power t o lcoo~r&te
licea.se
with
;, n vate
feder&l
aeenc.irs a11d
cbild

I

1ut1tuu oas

•

Mt ~c ell.,,.neo us pc> ..,f!rs ud du tl H r e Lntn,: to depen ~:zt ud artl"'Ct"'1.1 c !Hldr~ •

-1

Mu.s t coope r ate- wi th

jo wenUe

.ud is tn1po-,,tert'd to take ia1t i.n1Ye wt.ea adeq oue pr0Yl s1o a bas

oo t beeo ttAd e
f or detec t he . lllee l tiute, de peodeat, ud oe2lectM ch tldre:i . RecdTC•s c bildre o COft"aitted to it b7 courts and ba.s po""'rs o! leral rua.rdiusbip o•er sucb
ch ildren and DYer children conitte-d t o ios t1tu:tiou ander tts coatrol. Prescribes ru.leaaadreeulation.s for na.04te01eot of iofanu' ba.tes and aay •is it aad
u.-est12•t e cooditloms of all cbtld re11 for whom homes baYe been f ound bf u la·
stitu tloa.
Cbareed witb the &d1111nht r atioa of all t ones of public ,usls t aace u!1 we l.fare .
Perf oni. net: daUC'9 as NJ be reqairN by law o:r by t he State Boa rd o t Co11tro.l
wltb r efard to t.be ntorcC'11C'llt of all laws for t he prot~tioa of cbtldrea.
Mast secure ad"isstoa to tbe St ate Publk Sc hool or pro• ide bo~s t o r ■ uo r s vbo
t>ecome pgbl le charr"s.

County o r city wel!are 1...
boards ,

Boards o! c.01111. t y coam issioners or ci 17 council!..

Miss issi ppi - - - --! State Depanmeat of hbHc Welfa r e.

c:::;

CoUD tf dep&rtllt" DU

2N

public veU'are.

l -- --- - ---- ♦

--- - --

of I ----- - ---- -- - - · · ·· ····· · - ----- - -

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Count7 boards of s oper-

Ytaon.
His•o•r1

----- ---1 State

Soc i al Seco rit r
Coaaiasioa. 11

I

SoperYhes J11vu 1leproba t l on an der direc t lo• of bat not h dero2ati oa of J uvenile coaru' or•

den.
Cl t r boarda of social
welt are. n
St. Loah &o..rd of CbUdrea •• Gaardiu•.

l . ... . ... . . 1 l . ..... .

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1 .... . .. .. . I l .. .. .. . Mu.st cooperate whb pubhc o r p rUl'l te c fuld-helpur aod cb 1ld-pl.sc1 ne a.geac tes

couru i n prol'IOt 1.D i e.o! or ceaent
of All laws tor t be pro tee t 1 0a
of ddect1Ye. 1llerltiaate. de;,e11de11t, and ae,lecte-d c!lild ren.

en
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wel!,ue
· a.g eocies

M.i onesou •• . .•• . ! Sta..te Boarrt of Coutrol

......

i

Hust &dtlli.a ist er o r upenh e all public child welfare serv1c"s: tbe inpectioa ot
all pri•ate cb 1ld - cari11e: •eencin , tntitatiofl!., aDd bo ardiae: h0111" s; s apeMi sc
tb e care or depe Ddent a nd nee: l ected cl'dldrea i 11: foster hoees or u iastltut i oas,
eapeciall.J child r en placed tor &dopt101 or tbose ot ille1it1aate bi rt h. !be
boa rd n.st sapenhe tbe iaportatioa of cb ildrea.
Ha7 assume r npcasib tlit y tor the c are aad support of d~ectdeat childreii aeedhe
public car e aw&J froa tlleir homes , aad NJ place such childre a h proper i.■st i­
tations o r prlYate b011es, a.nd 111&7 cooperate vitb pgblic o r priT&te a1t~orhi ea
1D tbe pla.chr ot sacll cbild r ea h p ro~r i ■ stitatio ■ s or suitable pr hate boae1.
The oeceuarf ■alotN a oc e i • t obe proYided for chi l drea la ne ed o f c a re la f oster
ho.e s , uader circ11&&tancn whic h do aot req uire t hat l dch cll: U d rea becoae wa rd:,
or tbe co ■ rt , fr oa pablic fa.ads mde &T&Uable fo r welfa re setTlces .
Ma1 bhd oat poor orpllaDS and cllildrea o f pareau too poor to support the•, •1
appreatice cb lldrea, or c o• i t tbe • to &a orphan u 1l1111 or aa, ori'&a l&&t loa earared it cariDr for poor and depeade1t c hild r eo,
lapeft'ttd to &d•ilister or aapen lae a ll c bild welfare act hi t ies , Sapenlsn
cb Ud-cariD a a,eoc lea Ud l ■ at ltatioa a ei cep t tbo&e coadacted bf weU-t.aOVII re-

llflOH orders. Nut ntabl!ab local o!llces ud • r cootrac t wlU local aabdhlol oaa ,
nclHh• power to ake pro,l1loa1 f or r•ll• f, Mlateeaace , ud 11ppor1 of
all I.Si ren pe raoa1 wl1U1 th coau, aad cltt or cl t ln,
lier NOOIH .,.,. coal._, ,, coap.. nl co,rt detec:\ITe or depelden dlldn■
for e oc:b c att ud tmtant •• boa rd ••1 detefflae. M■ 1 pl ace tUld N 11 le 111

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puUc lntit ■tioa la Oe State or wlO a ••it.Ible ful.17, ..,_NII to
.., pwUc latitatloo Ntabltaked b7 Oe clt7 for tN care u4 abtauc• of
cklWna,
CooatJ bouda of dsitora.

1 • • · · · · · · · · - · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · • •••••••••••• , •••••••••

Naatua ••.•...•. 1State Depan•at of 1'111>lie Welfare.

1•...•.••.•...•.•...•.•.••••.....• I X ••••••••••1X ······-

Coui, depan..ta of
plll>lic wltare.
Boarda of COHtJ cmaia-

aioaera. 11

CoaatJ Jnealle illp,oye- Nat be appoiated bJ Jade• of Jaaeat ccaaitten.
Ye ■ Ue co ■ rt ia ffft'J COUtJ.
Nebrau ·-······ State Board of Coatrol .

Cou■ tJ

boardll.

cUld welfare Huot inntirate alleeed ■erlect­
ed or &budoaed cUldrea, ud if
neceaaarr, brl■ 1 cases before
jaYeaile coana.

-•k•

Ila\ riatt ud l■1pect at luat - • ner, I
all cornctln ls1tlt1tloa1
e-,,cined .ii whole or i■ part bJ coutJ or auicipal lalatloa or lntlt ■ tlOII■
•He• an ader coutJ or naicipal co■ trol, lepon to coutJ coart■ ud - t
uaullr npon to State Social SocarltJ C:O..taim,

llal aaiahter or aapenlN all cUld wlfare ac:tlYiti• ucept Ooee ldalatatend 11, State Board of .,..lt•; a11(19fft- 11nci• ud i•tlt ■tlooa cadq for
...,.....t, deliaa-t, or lludicapped cUldrn, ud a-,ent- ta care of
cUldrft la footer fullJ •--••
Cbrpd 1110 local ldaialatratlca of all cblld protectioo ud wlfan &etiTitin,
•abject to nln ud recalatlcaa of ta State clep&n-t.
llat prffl.de ud Mlataia coutJ detntloa b - for depeadeat, aeclected, or
dallat-t cUldru.
Perfon,
daUes u tM coan MJ 11Ni1aate ud aapenlae COUtJ cletntioa
ntablta•ed.
I ······• Deai1aated u aole State a,e■cJ to aapenlae cUld welfare actiTitln. Hut cooperate wlt• udcoordllate all actlTlti• of ta State hatlt ■ tlou, clepar-■ t
o1 bealtlt, t~• coarta, coutr boanla, cb.ritln, ud &l.l ott.:er orauisatioa:a,
socletlea, ud 11eacles prcaotinr cblld welfare ud Malt•. VNted wltb aole
aad escluhe cntodJ of all ■ iaora oder IS ,..,. of 11e cmaitted to it bJ Oe
Jneaile coaru. !IQ place
cbildrea i■ fullJ • - or iatltatioa.
Uader Hpenlsioa of the State board. Hat - - - cbarre of ud proYide for aa,
destit ■ te child ••o cuaot be properl1 cared for la it ■ boee. Nat care for HJ
cbild dtacbar1ed to its care bJ the Jnnile coart, or peadiq actioa bJ tlte
coan. Hut cooperate wiO all local, public, ud printe orsulaatloa, 11ncies, and iutilltio■■ coocened witb Oe 1eaeral welfare of cUldrea ii the

·•ac•

·•-=•

•-• ••ere

·•ac•

COlltJ.

llenda .•.....•.. 1State Welfare Departae■t.

X •••••••••• 1X ••••••• Cbar,ed witb the ■ IPe"isio■ of all child welfare aenicea. Hut proTide aaperYisorJ or adYtaorr ae"icn to coutr IO'l'enant1.
Soarda of COHtJ co-bNut appreatlce alaora no bee... coutJ c11&r1n becaue ~ - 0 ~ pan,ata er tbe
■ loaera.
i■abUitJ or n,f1aal of pareat ■ to pra,l.de for O•• Ha, nt&bli•• contJ dete ■ tioa Ila.ea.
Coo ■ tJ probatioa coai t- Ma, be reQaired by U1e coart •o
Coatrol and . ..,. tbe COUtJ dete■ tioa ......
naaiae iato tbe qaalifica.tioas
tn ■•
&ad ■ua,ineat of ur societies,
uaociations, ud corpor&tioaa
otlaer tllu a State i ■ati t ■ tioa
rece!Yi ■ 1 or applJi ■c for &IJ
cbild.

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8-•ire ·•• IState DepanMat of
lic llalfan,.

·11ee footaotn at ad of table.

P■l>­

I •••••••••• I X ••••••• 1 Hut de'relop ud ldallitater State ,-poaalbilitiea for child welfare ud·aape"he
Oe adaili■ tratioa of bJ coutJ ud towa ofticiala, orldaiai■ ter ■ acb c•Ud

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Tabl• 26.-lilajor Powers • • • PuDlic Agencies • •

• Care of Dependent and Neglected Children Outside of Own H011ea or State Institutions-Con.

A,p~: Dci~s ,.nrci:iio::
control er !IUperv\:slo.ci

~ Hanpsb1t"!'-Coo

-I St.ta ~paninea t of

Re l4t1cu bip ~o JUV"olle cou r t

J

P°"'~r t o

coo pc r J.l<'

l\ce:,se

with

pr1v.1teie·-. ,i.n!.1
1n,t i tut:. ooo;

Feclt:"r.,_l
C l'i 1.l!I
welfa.re

tl-i;C llC

en
Mucdl 21. 11ec u.s powers ... nd duti~ r r.:l.lt lni,? t o rle;,eo!lent :ind nr-rlect e<l ch1lctre-o

lic 'f elf ,u e-¼)Qtl!luN!.
Boud'.'J of county cor.r,h sio11er~ and t owa o·vli!' r -

seen o! tbe poor.
Nev Jen,ey ____ __ ( 8011rd o!Co11trol o! Sta. t c

Dt!panm,ot or lo:st1tut1O115 .s:id Ageocie!\ .

tiou a.ad Aaeacie,
£Stue Bo.ud of ChH dre a 1 s Gu.udi&as I.

g

Coon t 7 boards o f cbo.sN

freebolden.

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Ju vew ile coart ,crves a copy o!
ur p,eot i tioc filed wi t h it c 011cer111a2 a de pe0:d t-11t o r aeiilec ted c hil.d t o the State Bc.ud ot
Cbildre11 1 s GHrdU.11S .
J1n·e n ile cour t serv~ a copr of
&DJ pe titioa til ed wi tb it. coac e ni11:i a dependent or Deflec t ~ c bild t o tb:e cou11 t1 boa rd o C
cbosea fr eeholde rs .

,,

act 1n tle-s 11rf!<tl.y. ,a Hu~t 'S tlp~rvae .ill pnv11 te us t ttatiou-$ ud
boa.Mui£ he-~!\ prov1diflil: seni ces o r cu,e to Deji:lecte-d, ddu.que11t . dd~c t i.ve ,
or depcndt-o t c I! l ld ren.
Most proc :.ire the s11p;,ort of de::;e,adeot u<t ae el~tl"<i ch 1ldN-n u orphan a-SJlWTlS ,
ho.'IIPS , or with prhaa :a..t:1 11\~s . !-111-51 Cud pt'!rlll.\Q~!lt bolllf!'5 .nd r,i.ak.e coatratt,
!err the1r fflucatioo &nd support durlnw: 11:uonty .
.X ------- 1 Hs..., powf"r'.5 or vt.s1t.1tioa a.nr! 111specti.on or &11 countf &Gf't c itr pL1ccs ot dc teat1on , wor kbou~es, hospit a h, poor f ;1rms , .,_t,mshouses , priutelr m.&la t aincd lc.st1t11ttoa., , ud 11ouo:o.ti t t1 t i.ond ~eocie, couduct e-d fe r the bene fi t of r::lt-ff!C tU' e.
dc~arieot, o r co·t1w.1l e sce11t ch 1ltlrea. Hi1.s .supe rw isioa over all couatr . municipal ,
pobl 1c , or ;,rinte i.as tit uti.oos r ccdv.ina: State ! uads , Har a pply for coo. rt order to rect if y 11osathhctor y cond1li.ou. Hust cooperate v itb cou at r vcltare
boards in enendio&: ,ud st~oa: t heD:iae puti11c ~rvic e f or tie p rotection aad c.a r e
or h~leu, depe11de11t . an1 aeclected cllil.dren .
Ha.s ca r " and su;ierv i s i oo of all depe.oiJea t ud aeil ect~ cb 1ldr-M who are publi c
c.barre.. . Assaa,,f!s Cull 1uardi.&11.1Jb i p of ch il drea com i. t t ed to it bt the courn .

I

Hay est.ablull aad 111a int 11i. ■ Al.115boose1 , velta.re !louses, aadcoantf deteat i o 11 homes
for depeadcot ud tu~rlect~ cbild r e11, o r witti the cot1seat of the ji,wea1le cou r t
M.J aegot i ate 'lllli.tb a societJ or l astitat i ou t o c.a re ! o r sucb cbild r ea. Ma.7 also
bind out cllildre11 to l eara & trade o r buslaes, . 1O

Respoa slblc !or r el ief o f the poo.r in respect ive s ubd iv is i ons. Coa ■ t 1 di rector
o f 'llllelf a re 111&1 apply to tb:e j 11veaile and d0111est i c re l a tio ns court tor aa o rder
coim i t th i a cbild to aa hcorpor ated cb ild -ca r hi Aieac, ii the coa otJ . eo

ass i s tance

.X --- ----1

ti c Welfare .
County or dh tr ict of-

fice, of Sta ~e Department of Pub lic 'W elfa re .
New Iorll: ____ ____ State Depa r tffDl of Soc i a l Welf ar e.

I

Hut cooperate wi tb all cb. ildrn 1 s
COlrts &ad brhg CAS e'S l nolYiftR'
c blld we lt a.re be fo re ■ ucll coa ru,.

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boards, or OTers ee rs of
tbe poo r.
New Mei:1co , _____ jS tate Die-part ae,nt o! Pub-

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Co unt y weUar e bo<lnh,
mun ic i pal

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~n.l ot Cootrol ot State
D-epart.11e11 t ot Intitu -

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Power t

Sate

....

~H t adllia bte r a nd sapenise all cbild weltare act iYi ties . Hast i aspect and requi re repo r u fr om Ill priTate ias ti tutioas. boa rdha homes , and aerac i es proYi dinlf as.1htuce , c a re . o r ot be-r dlrf'Ct se rvlc tt t o clli l dre ■ •
MHt be e-stablu bed bf tb e- depa rt ■Ht t o S4!rt'e as i ts &i'e■ l5 with powers Hd dotl es a.s 11&f be presc ri bed bt tbe State depa rt 11ea t.

t 01 .••.• . •. 1X. ••..•• I Moat •lalt , lupect, aad Sllpenb• c l tt aad coaa t1 board s or cblld wUare ud/ or
c01111is1loaen of p ublic we lf are , Hat ,1 ■ u , i ■ 1 pec t, and 11pe"lse all p9b Uc
a■ d

prl, a te

l nt lt ■ t ioas

of a cbarltable ,

el lMIIKHlr ■ a.rr,

r.tof'INl. t or ,, or corrK-

tloaal ch•rac t er and • • r o n14"r th,1.t U1111atl ■ f&e to r1 c oadltloae be re~ le-t , 11

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Local public welt an,
ficiala.11

Hvat u:sht &ad cooperate with public aad private welfatt aa:eaclea. Are reapoasible for the welfare of cllildre■ wllo are ia need of pablic care, aapport, aad
protection ii oo far as coaaioteat with the Jurlsdictlo1 ol cblldrea'a coarta
aad exclnhe of children aader tbe care of local boards of cllild welfare, vitbla
w-ose j1risdictloa c - deye1deat children lhh11 h their owa h-■ or ID the
boaes of specified relathea. Tbese welfare official ■ aut atteapt to ul ■ tain

ot- Hut reader uais tance aad cooperation to children's coarta.
Ma, briae cases be.tore tbe coarta
iDYolYID11 ••elected childr...

tuilJ ui ts bat aa, pn>Tide relief ud care h bo&nliaa boaes, pllbllc or prhate
boaes, i ■atitatioas, or bospltala. 11 Cbildrea bor■ oat of wdloct ■ut be placed
!1 hstitutlona or h full7 boarclin11 hOIIOS.
North Caroli■a •• I State Board of Chari tin 1......................•.......... 1 JL •.••••••• 1••••••••• Mat i ■Yestieate .ud sape"lae tbewbole sJstea of cbarltable ilstitatlou la tbe
ud Public Welfare.
State. Mast atadJ ud proaote tbe welfare ol or proTlde for Oe placi ■ 11 aad
aapen-iaioo of depeadeat &ad defecthe chlldrea. Mast i ■ opect ud aate report■
011 prhate orpbua,es, "iatitutiou, aatenitr boHs, ud penou or orraahatiou receiYia1 ud plachc cbildrea, ud ■aat reqaire uaaal reports fraa sac.h
orcuiaatioas.
Cou.ntr boards of cbariO.ersee cbildren ia the comny ud tllose placed l ■ tbe cont, bJ tile State board.
ties aad pablic wellare.
SaperinteDdeDt of pablic welfare report■ to Ue State board.
Boards of count, coadsMar pro-,ide for the establislllleJlt &ad aal ■ te11ace of hOlk!s for iadireat c-ildres
sio ■ ers.
with Ue appronl of the State board. llo.1 eatabliob public baspital■ ud hmea
for iadire■ t orplLaas. herciae 1eaenl aape"isioa O't'er cout, charitable iastitatio■s.

North Dakota •••• I State Pablic Welfare 1................................. 1 X. .•••••.•. I I •••••••
Board ...

Bas the power ud dltJ to proTicle tor tbe welfare of deyeodeat aad ae11lected children ud to pro•ide for tbe plactar ud aape"iaioa of sac• cbildrea aabject to

tbf' co■ trol of UJ coart b&Yial jartadictloa.
Couaty welfare boards--1 Hast coofierate witb juYeaile 1____________ , ________ _ Hust sape"ise aad direct all relief and welfare actbities c011ducted bJ tlle coaacourts. 11
tiea &ad tbose flaa■ced b7 State board f .. ds. Mast cooperate with all liceued
private areacies aad coordi ■ate all pabUc aad prh'ate actiYitiea b bellalf of
cbildrea.
Board of coaat7 coaaisHa, bbd out poor cbildrea, see tbat tbe7 are properlJ treated, aid take aea■s of
sioaen.
redress in case of aaltre&taeat.
Coa■ ty boa.rds of Yist- Must present cases iu·ohi ■ e chilHast aanaallJ Yisit all iastitatioas, societies, associations, and persona recei'f'tors a ■ d cbildrea's
dren to tile coarts wbea other
illr cbildrea. Mast i ■ Yestirate into the conditions of dependent a.ad aealected
11aardians.
•11..cies hue failed to do 10.
ch.ildre■ witbia tbe cou ■ tJ.
Mat inestirate all application• for releue of
cbildrea froa raardiaubip or apprenticeship.

g

Ohio •••••••••••• I State Depart. .1t of Public Welfare ldhision
of pablic ass is tuce I.

x• ......... 1 x. ..... .

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Boards of co•■ t1c0111la-1 Must cooperate wit'-: jaYeaile
aioaers.
coarta.
See footaot• at end of table.

i------------ i---------

Hust inesti1ate public u.d prhate State beneYolen.t ud correctioaal iastitu.ti011s 1
cou ■ t7 ud aaaicipal cbildren 's homes ud iDfiraaries, &ad all iastitatiou wbicb
recehe aad care for cbildrea. Hast uau&lly pass apoa tbe fiuess of &11 iaatitatiou or asaociat.io ■ s recehiae or placia1 cUldrea. Hust. receh'e aDd exercise exclaiYe raardlaasbip oYer wards c01111itted to it b7 J••e■ ile courts or
b7 cbildre■'• ltoaea or iast.itutioas witb tile coaseat of tbe coart, udnst Had
suitable boaee for aucll cUldrea, Yisit tbea aeaiaa ■ ull1. and pro•ide tlle■ vitb
■eeded clotlt.hr ud peraoaal necessities.
llapowered, wiU the approTal of the director ol tbe State Depanaat of l'llbllc
Welfare, to eatablia,_ co•atY clilildrea 's lames ud proYide for tbeir opteep ud

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Tabl• 26.-Major Powers

• • • Public Agencies • • • Care of Dependent and Neglected Children Outside of Own H011es or State Institutions-Con.

co

Powe r to

Agecci~ e xercuiai
cont r ol or superv i sioc

State

Ohio-Con t inued

Re la t ionship to juv~_n 1le cou n

I

Fower to

lccoperate

11cense

with

p ri v ate
Feder.il
agenc i es ;ind
child
i n5tltullons 1 "Welfare
a.5ei:ic 1es

- 1Boards

of county commts s i oaers-Cont i 11ued .

Boards o! trus t ees of
COUD t J
r:bi ld re- o' s
ha.es . 18

Boa r ds
t or s .

cour t s .

of count y vi s i -

- --- -- - ---

Pr oba. t1 00 depart ll'le Dt of

•

CJ)

H1..,cella11eou5 po"Wen aad dut i es rel.lllDi t o de~11iJe11. t aad aeilected cbil4 re11

th e c.a re of their inmates . May contract !or ca re "W l t h oth er couati.~ , u s u t allcns, or ageae1es . Upon tb e advice 1111.d recOC11111e11dat 1oa of t he cou11t1 ju'f'e a il e
cou r t judee , tbecountf co11111 i ssioners must pro·,. lde a deten ti on home ! o r c hild re-1.
Mu st receive to r careaad tr ea tmeo.t chld r~a whoare c ormii. t ted
Ju ve-aile cou r u ,
re91de11.ts o! the co unty , orcb il drea committed under contrac t from o t be r cou nties
bec.a~e of orpha.aaie, aee-lec t , or i n.abili t y o! parents t o provid e ! or t hem. Hust
plac e e li gible cbil drell wi t h p r i Ya t e fa111il1es and f or th i s _p urpose appoint a
vu it i112 a2ent or work:: th r ouch the ace acr of t he d iv ision o! pub lic sssls t a oce
1t1 t he Sta.te Depa rt men t o ! Public W
elfa r e. Thes e boar ds repo r t to tbe coant y
comm i.ssioaers .
- - --- - - - - ~us t Yis i t and i as~ t at leut gua rt e r b all c b.a ri t a ble a nd co r r ectional i asti tut1oa5 5Uppo rt ed i n. v b.ole o r in pa r t bycoa a ty o r anu1 i ci pal t ua t ioo . Mast rec ommend t o tb e coaat y cO!Rlll i ssioae r s aecessa r 7 ch aa e-es ~ d additioaa.l pr o• is loa:S .
Supenises c hild r en placed 1a prin t e homes.

t he ju.-en ile court.

Ci'.l&homa __ ______

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l St a t e

1 • · •• · •. Ma,1 es tablish a dhhio a ! or t he pr otec t ion and ca r e o! bomeless , depe adeat , and

Pub l i c Wel f a r e
Comm i ss i on ,
St a. t e Bo a rd o f Publ i c
Af fai r s .

aec lec tM c b1ld r e a . and pro vide an adequa t e ch ild wel!a re s erv i ce .
Mat contract fo r t he c a re of orphans a nd des ti t ut e and de li nqoea t mi no rs u ia.s t l t ut i oas , no t Sta t e owned o r o pe r a t ed , d e vot ed t o t be c are o f s uch c hi l d ren. Ka.7
appo i nt plac e111e a t o !f ice r s who ■ u t cooperat e wit h .a ll public aad pr iYa t e a gencies carin g fo r c hild r e n , f iad bOIDe's t o r c hildren in ios ti ta t i oas, a nd•is it and
s upe rv ise s ncb homes .
X - - - - - - · --- 1- --·- - --· Empowered t o inves t i ea t e t he e■ t ire sys t em o! public char it i t!S . Ho.s.t inspect and
e1am i ne a ll o rp hanqes , bcne-rtndiog s oc ieti es , c hU drea ' s aid age nc ies , and all
o ther s i milar o r gaa i &a ti ons . The c omm i s sioner mus t i as pec t all city &Dd county
ias tit utioas a ad malre wri tt e n rec o111111ea datio as t o tbe mayo r, c ity c ouncil , u d
board o! count y co• iss i oners .
Hay es t a bli s h count y home.s ! or t be c&r e o! de pende nt and aee lec t ed c hi.ldtta, 211

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Stat e Comm i ss i one r of
Cba ri t i es and Co rrec -

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Boa rds o f coun t , commi. s-

s i one.r s . 17
Oreeon •.• . ___ . _.

I Stat e Chi l d ilelfa r e

Com-

mission.

St a t e Re l t.ef Conn i t t~ •

Ha.y requ_i r e in t onna t i oa re ea rd in g
t he c ornml l PJeDt o! ant child .
App roves appo in tment o! ,111 pr oba t 1 00 ott ic ers .

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Mus t cooperat e wit h JUVt!'n 1 l e

......
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X - -- -· ·· -·-I · - ----- -- Mus t in spec t and s ope nis e all public o r prhate c bild- carhg ageac in o r societies , Hus t repo rt aad ha.- e correct ed aa7 aas at i5! acto ry c oa diti o■ s and &d•be
off i cers of a.geacies aad in a tita t i oaa rel at he to t he app roYed ae tbods o f c blldcare , records , e t c , Requ i res &Dual repo r ts fro• al l public or prh a te c bild ..
c:arhr a r e ■ c te a and laetitiatiou.
x. ..... . B■Jil()We red to • Ice all aecessar, rules aid rerul at lo■e t or ad■h t ■ t ei r1 ■ 1 c hild

wd fue

••"le"", Moot

cooperate wlO tbe

c o a■ tl••

h

fl ra l ■ UI(

nilld ud pay

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Coaatr relief coaaitt•••- ,,. _____ .. ----- ... ---------

aot leu tbu If of the total coat of relief l.aclldl ■ r laatlt1tloaal care of
aeedJ persou; ■ut aapenl ■e tbe 01peadl tire of all a,cb fa■da Iexcept State
fo■da - e anllable for Oe care of cbildra h State laatltotlou 11der tbe
a■perwialoa of tbe State Board of Controll, Na, cooperate vitb all qe■ clea
proTtdi ■ 1 for tbe protectioa and care of '-:OMlesa, dependeat, or aeelected c•11drea.
Cursed vitb Oe ad■ lolatratloa of all uatstaace aad relief to cblldre■ la Oe
co11at7 uder tbe control ud ·sapenl■ lo■ of tbe State Relief Collliuee.
Mat report to tlte coart tile condltloa of cltlldrea recehed b1 or la cbarre of
associations aad i■ stitatiou.

----------1------------

Co1at1 bo&rda of ,tal-111&, be appointed bt coaot1 Jadiie
ton.
to coastitate a board of Ttaitatloa.
Pe■u11Yui& •••• 1State De,artae■ t of Wel-

Ila aopenlsloa o,er all cUldrea '• lutltatlo■ a, bo&rdl■ 1 b...,. llce■ aed bF th
State, aad all •teraltJ boaea &Id bospltals. Hat ate ud enforce nles aod
reralatiou for tile ·,'lsitatloa, laspectloa, ud esulaatloa of all su:lt lutltotloaa. Hat appoht local board■ of ,talton for aacb lutlt ■ tlou. Hut -aaper•lae Ue illportatlon ud deport&tloa of cblldrn. Na, laae reqol:altlo■a to p&1
for tbe care of depndeat ud defecthe cUldrea la b - or l■ atltatlo■s, a■d
for tbe placnent or depeldeat cblldrea Uroqb cbild-carl■t &(e■ cle■• Iacorporatlo■ of .., l■atlt ■ tioa to ulat&la bdireata -■ abject to approYal of depart.eat.
Local aatltoritla of
·sue.It district, uder nln, reaalatio•, ud atud&rd:1
establishd bF State Departaeat of Welfare ■ oat care for HY depe■deat baYial
eettleaat ta tbe coa.atr or cit1 wlto ls aot otlaerwbe cared for; mt place la
foeter bOMS, lntltatlo■a, or boaes for cUldrea, &11 depe■deat cbUdre ■ vbo
are la or coaaltted to O.eir cbarte, ud wboee placeaeat udcare are not otUrwiae proYided tor; ud ■aat co■ tract wltll otlter local aatbodtles tor tile care
of depeadnt■• Couty coalaslonera .., eetabUa~ &Od aahtal ■ ,...,. &Od ·scbool■
for tbe care, traiahr, &ad edacatloa of cblldre■ fros 2 to 15 ,ears of ■1e,

fare.

a.a,

Coutt 1Dtlt1tlo1 dbt ric ta Ico■ atr c01111lls1..en l &Od chi iaatlt1tlo11 dlatricta
lei ty departaats of
p■blic welfare l,

l~ode Ialalld •••• I State Departaeet of Public Welfare.

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Bare a ■ o1 Cllildre• •s
Care, Dhtaloa of Social Secul ty of tloe
Sta t e Departaeot of
Public Welfare.

Tan coucil• _________ _
See footaotee at ead of table.

Hat cooperate via ae ja,eoile I l •••••••••• 11
coart■ ia t•e n:torceant or
las for tbe protectlo■ of c~ll-

•••••••

Hut proaote Ue eoforc-■t of all 1 - for tM> protectloa of defectln, depeade■ t, ud aeclectad cbUdrea a■d cblldro■ bor ■ oat of vedloct. Hut cooperate
wltb all pobllc &Od prhate cUld-belphr ud cbild-placil1 ■1e■ cle■ ud ■at
dren •
talte tbe hitlatl,e h utten lnolYiar tbeir htere■ ta vbere adequte leral
pro,lalo■ bu ■ot bee■ - e . .lay peraoa placiar a cbild ia a foster bose ■■at
aotlfJ tbe dep&rtNat, wblcb - t lneatlrate &Od place tbe cblld elsewbere if
aeces■ary. leceiYe■ uaul reports fro,r all or1ui1&ti,-a adalttiat, c&rlar for,
or plachl cblidre■ la b - .
.... ---- ...... --- ..................................... --1------------1 l ............ .. I ■ accord&ace wiO nlea. of tbe State depart-t ■a, recet,e socb cblldrea of
eoall4 •1114 &a aar be declared Tacrut, truat, 1e1lected, or depeadeat 01 the
pabllc for aapport. Hat place cUldre■ la fa■ 1l1 b_. o■ coadltloa tbat tbe,
be properly edacated &Dd 11&1 p&1 u ■creed ..,ut for tbelr sapport. Na, alao
place cblldreo lo pabllc or prhate la■ tltatloa. H■■t aaperwiae all cUldrea
ao placed ud --, reao•e tb• for caae.
Ila, sead ■iaora to tbe State Bose &ad Scbool opoa a■cb ter-■ u ■■1 be pNeCrlbed
bJ tbe State depart•1t •

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TaOlfl

26.-llajor Powers

•

•

•

Publ le Agencies

•

•

•

Care of Dependent and Neglected Children Outside of Own Homes or State Institutions-Con.

....

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0

•

Powel' to

State

South Carolina

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Agenci\!!S exen:i~iD.r

control or ·superv1s1on

--1 State

Department of Public Wellare.

I

Relationsbip to jnYenile court

Poi.ler to cooperate
with
licease
Federal
prhate
child
arencies and
institutions welfare
agencies

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Miscellueous powers and duties relatiDe- to dependent and oea:lected childrea

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1•) -------- X ------- HU9t pro1Kne tbe uaified developaent of welfare actiTities and agencies of the

State ud local fOTernaeats so that each ajeocy ud eoverameotal institution 111.y
foactioa as aa integral part of a ieneral s1ste ■• Kmpower'1i to investii&te the
ad ■ inistration and a.flairs of &nJ iastitatioa or a1enc1, public or private.
Must
sene as agents of tbe State departeeat ia performance of such functions u
Coon ty depart11eats of
------------• X ------N.1 ~ delegated to tbe ■, proYide for tbe eaforceaeat of all laws for tlle propublic welfare.
tection a.ad welfare of ■ iaora, and proaote tlteir health, edocatioa, and reaeral
tttlfare.
State Childre ■ 's Bureau __
Designated guardian of all destitute, dependent, or neelected children c0111itted
to its care, and must place the■ ia private boaes and superTise them until tbeJ
reach 18 years of a1te or until lera.111 adopted. Hust act as a bureau of inestigation and may be used by State iostiutions to investirate all applications
for admission or dis■ iss.al of children.
Have general supenision ot paupers, ■ ust sapplJ necesaart baildiags for couatf
Boards of county co•ispoor, and ■ay bind oat children.
sioners.
Hast Tisit all priTate and public institutions in which children are placed or
County adTisory boards Must adTise and cooperate with thP
to j uYe■ ile cou rta.
court &ad prob at ion officer ia
coaaitted, report to tbe judee and make such recoaaeadations as are dttaed necesall Ntters conceniDi the velsar1, and control and aanage tlle co11111ty detention h011es.
fare of children.
South Dakota ----1 State Depart.ant of So---------• .+hast de•elop satisfactorJ standards of care i ■ public aeenci~ and priTate orcial Security (dhision
aanbations ci1rin1t for dependeat, neglected, or handicapped cbildre■• and ■ust
of child welfare).
further the deYelopaeat of local public service forcbildren throueh consultation
and de110n.stratioa serTices. Hust assist io the enforcement of all laws relatiYe
to the welfare of children, and take the initiative i ■ securi.na the eaforce■eot
of all sach lavs where adequate provision has not been aa.de.
Co11nt1 ohild welf&"re
Hast act h a eeaeral &dYisory capacit1 to county and, •uaicipal authorities in
boards.
dealine with questions of dependency and sochl conditions. Hust perfora such
duties as uy be- require4 by State Department of Social SecuritJ tbroueb the
division of child welfare.
All institutions receiYioe children are subjN:t to the visitation, iospecti.oa,
State Board of Charlties
and Corrections.
aad sope"ision of the board, which aust also Yhi.t and inspect all priYate hospitals, reformatory homes, bousesof detention, orphan homes, a.ad boardiaa: schools.
The board 11ust hear and recei•e coaplaints fro ■ innates rea:ardi.n& their healtll
and t rea t ■ea t.
TeDB ..aee -------IDepart10eat of laotltuX
X ------- Hu!!lt admlnhter or supeni-se, all public child welfare senices, inclodlne intiou aad Public Welspection of all prhatt child-carina arencies and the supervision and i.nsp~ction
tare.
of all local public cbild-cariD1 &aencies, institutions, and boardinll ho•es.

1---------------------------------1------------11-------1

1---------------------------------1 ----···---1

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co•rt• ■t

N•t aapeniae t•e care of depeadeat ud 11e1lected cltildrea i ■ fmter fuily
• - or l ■atltatlma, Npeclall1 cUldrea placed for adoptioa or t•me of lllerltl■ate blrt•.
Ma, bhd oat u appreaticea Hltal>le orp•us or cUldre1 of
persoa aaable to
prcrrlde for Oelr npport. 11&1 establlsb batltatlou for 1e1lected cbildrea.

••1

_______ _

----------1 State

Board of Coatrol Javnlle coart c011 ■itaeat11 to I
ldhialo1 of pabllc State l1111tlt1tl0111 ■at be apweUare). 80
proHd bf tbe dhl■ lo• of public 1111Uare, vhlc• ■a1 nlCOMe■d
t1pe of care to be chn c•udrea adJ..S,ed depeadeat ud •eclocted.
Couty co■ ata·aio1ers'

----------1 X -------1 Mat

coarts.
Cont1 cUld welfare
bo&rde •••

Utab

------------1 State

I

prC110to tbo eaforc-■t of all lava for tbe protectlo■ of cblldrea. Nut
Yiait ud i■apect all a1eacin vbicb recelYe State fud:a ud care tor cbildrea. 81
SaporYl■ N coHtf cUld 1111lfare boards.

a.-nible for tbe oapport of ~•e poor, &ad ■af appolDt c•lld welfare boards to
perfor■ sacb d ■ tle■ u - , be re<jllred bf tbe cc,-issloaers or t•e State Board
of Coatrol. Ma, ntablls• detntl011 bOIIN aad pareatal acboola for depndeat
aad delhq ..at j<anaUes.
ll■st 110rt Jobtlf vltb coaat1 cc,-lsaloaen ud State Board of Co■ trol for tbe
care ud · protectloa of depeadnt &Dd ae,lected cbildrea la Ute aeTeral co•atle•.

Depart•at of Pal>- lint cooper& te vlO J nealle' 1--•---------1 I ______ _ !lat prC110te tbe eaforce■eat of all lavs for tbe protectloa of cblldreo aad coco■ rts b
eatorceweat of law
operate vltb all llceaaed pabllc or prh&te cblld velfare a,eacles ud i ■ otlt1'­
for tbe protectio■ of cblldrea.
ti011s. Mat take tbe iaitiatlTe in tbe interest ■ of cll:lldrea. wlilere &deQ ■ate
prcrrisloa •as aot beea ■ode.
JaTeaile coart ud pro- Bas a:e■enJ. control and s1peniAll cUldrea '• aid societies, e<cept tbe State lad•trl&l Scbool, ■ast file ubatioa c0111tssloa.
sloa OYer tllle JQ'l'eaile co■ rts
Daal reports wit II tlte coaisaioa.
aad probatloa officers.
CoaatJ or district deHast ad■ lalster uder tbe sape"l•loa of Oe State Depart ■eat of J>oblic Welfare
part ■ eat ■
of p1blic
all fora of pablic assistuce, i ■cladha tile care of depeadeat, nec.lected, ud
welfare.
budlcapped c•Udrea.
Board• of cou tf cc,-tsBaTe Tisitatio■ ud inspection p011ttr orer all cllildrea '• aid societies or lastisioaen.
tatioas except tbe State hdastrial Scbool. May erect ud ahtaia saclil i ■ stt­
tution u uy be necessary to proTide for tlae dependent poor. Anltorised to
cooperate vi tll State. coa ■ ty, aad district boards of pablic welfare ii all State
ud local velhre &etlYlties.

lie Welfare.

I

Ver■oat

---------1 State

llepart■eat of PabUc Welfare.

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Local OYeneers or ·aaperYlsoro of tbe poor.
See footnotes at nd of table.

l-----····--------------------·--•l---------·•-1 I

______ _ B&s power of Tisitatio1 mer all i ■ stit•tioas vbicb are cltartered bJ tlae State
for tbe care of depende■ t cUldrea &ad vbicb solicit pablic sapport. Sape"ises
and controls such depeadeat and aealected cbildrea u it MJ take aader its care
or as aa1 be c011aitted to it bt juTeaile coarts. Mat pro<rlde aedical or surcic•l
care for sacb clllldrea ud mt place tllea 1a foster boaes. If such b011es cuaot
be fouad, sacb claildrea - , be placed h, iutitatio ■s incorporated to recein
tltew. Mat Ti.alt sucb c•tldrea at ""least seaiaoa.tbly and - , :-eaoTe tllea froa
iaproper sarroulldiap.
iespoaslble for tbe relief of poor persoas ud nat report all case■ of depeadeat
ud ■ e1lected clllldre ■ to tile coaissio■er of public welfare.

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TaOI• 21.-llaJor

PoHr■

• • • ~ulll lc AgenclH • • • Care of Dependent and Neglected CIII ldren

Out■ ld•

of Own lloaH or State

ln ■ tltutlon ■-COn.

.....
.....,
N

Powrto
cooperate
lice ■ae
with
prlnte
Federal
1■1eacles ud
cUl.d

•

Pc,,er to

A("11cleo exercisl ■1
co ■ trol or aapen:taio•

State

llelatio■■Up to janaUe co■ rt

I

iutitnio.a

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Nlacella-oa _ , . ud datiea relatiq to depadeat ud ••rlected cUldrea

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welfare

a,eacles

flqhia

--------1 State

Board of Plabllc

Welfare

CcUldre ■

b ■ reaal.

llaUqtoa

------1

Cooat1 or clt1 boards lint cooperate wt O jnealle ud
of pabllc veUare.
ud dCIINtic relatio• co■rta.
Saperlateadeat of palllic welfare
... t act u c•i10f probatlo■ ofUcer for tlle cont1 or cltJState Depart-t of Social SecarltJ ldiTtaioa
for cUldreal.

x"' --------11-------

loarde of coaatJ c-■-

aloaen.
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N

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---1 State Depar.-t of Pn-1 ""1
Uc katatuc:e.

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Ylait ud lupect auaall.1 tor ac,re

ofte ■ I

all State, co1at1, mlclpal, aad

priute intitatiou ud qncin caria1 for chil.drea. Bu reaeral ■ aperTiaio■
of tk• iDtereau ud wUan of cllildrea. Nut rec01111ead aeuwrn. to tllese
a,eacln for 1.ap...,.1q tile coadltiou ud welfare of c•Udrea. ""1 recel•• cUldrea .-lnad to It bJ tile coarta. llaJ •talllbk • - for O• or arraa,eae■ts for iNlr care wit~ penoaa, iatitatiou, or qeacin.
ne • - r l u . - , of tu local board, uder tile directlo■ of tile State Board of
PabUc lleUare, .,_ -.apenillo■ of depeadeat cUl.drea placed la tile coHtJ or
cit1 bJ tile board. lint act u a,nt of Ue State board for u1 of it• wort la
tN contJ or citJ. lint keep adYlaad of tM coadlti- ud -■■r-•t of all
cnrltable lutltatlo■a la tile coaat7 or c1t1 ud ta --•rad to l•pect tllea.
lapowered tofls S t a t - nifon atudardsforall tJpea of pabllc ualatuce••
ud to effect aUon obaeffuce of Oeae atudarde. Mat i ■apect, aapentae,
ud proYlde nln ud r-,alatl- for tile operatlm ud roYOnaat of all c•lldcarlar a,nclea netur or aot i1corporated ...
N•t act u tile •larle adlllatstratin a,nc1 of tile coa■ tJ Uroqk wU•• all tM
catetorln of pabllc ••btuce• - t be adabbterad; _,-ed to act la ·aack
capacitJ u t•e a,nt of tile State
of Social SecarltJ. lflst la cooperatlm wit• tile State dapartaat appoiat u adYbor7 c:o.lttft nperlnced
ii cUld wUare.
n. depart-t, wlO tile -tatuce of Oe coaatJ pabllc ualatuco co-ua,
adaialaton tile cUld welfare Hnl<:e of Oe State. Mnt ·aapentae ud uaallJ
•'tatt ud lupect cUldrea'• i■atltatl- ud orp■ lutlou racelfill cUldra
for Ue p..._ of carlar. tralalq. or plact11- lint rec--4 -•re■ to
con.ct -atlafactor, coadltlou to sac• laatltatl- or orruiaatl-.
Doelcutad • tu ■reacJ to•latater pabllc ...1a,uceU acthitln ii tile coaotJ. llaat cooperate wit• prhate cnritable or,uiaatl- .la tile c:olmtJ.

Depart-•

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1--- ----- -- -----------------------1 1----------1 x_ _____ _ Mat

•a

I

p..-t petltlo• to jn"11ile I 111 --------11 _______,
coart ,la u1 contJ wilere It beUna a c•tld ta •erlectad.

Co•tJ pabllc -tataace C...tJ director■ are n officio
co-11•probatloa offlcen of Oe jnealle coart.
CoaatJ coarta ----------

I

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llaJ eatablt••• etalp,ud ailtala coa•~ detntio■ b - for 1erlectad cUldre1.
T~- • - are to b e ~ u cUldrft'■ sultan ud are to be lalpected fre1-■ tl.J.

lltacoula -------] State llo&rd of Coatrol Mnt cooperate with junU.e I Jt ----------,-----·--- lint prcaott n, llfon:-t of all laa for tile protectlo■ of defectlH, llleljunlle depar-tl.
coerta la tu nfon:-■ t of all
1ltlate, depftdeat, or della4-■ t cUldr11 acept 1 - ■llne adal1l■ tratloe
1 - wue• protect cUldre1.
ta neud 11 otller State ar-,1. hat cooperate win all pabilc ud prl•
,ate lic....S cUld welfare - , - l • ud l•tltatlo■a ud, IPOI \N d•lraauoa
of ••e eoan, act u tn■i.. of hldl palcl tor \N 'IIPPOf\ of ur cUld. M11t

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11pe"loe all coantr aod ■unlclpal cbarltable and retor•torr l11tlt1tlou, all
child welfare qeacles, ud Oe place■eat of cblldre■ la fmter - - •
Hay establish sacll a,enciea ud eaploy sncll personael u aeceasar, tor tbe aoc.ial
Cou■ tr boards ot superwelfare and protectloa of dependeat, ••11lected, ud defecthe cbll.dra. M•t
visors.
■ate prOYbloa tor tlae teaporar, deteatioa of cUldrea 1 ■ a deteatioa baae conducted u u a,eacJ of tbe Ja•enile co•rt.
Hat . re11alarly Ylalt all l ■■ tltatlou, societies, ud uoociatlou receiYilll chilCouaty bo&rda of Tisi-, !lay be&pl)OlDted by j .. nue coart
drea ud report totke court. Hut aanaally report 01 coaditic. -of 1aae to State
tatloa.
jud11e,
Board of Cm trol.
------·-----• 1 ______ _ Maat·pradde or1aai1&tioa, supenlaioa, ud other senice• tot•• coaatr depanState DepartaeDtof PubH■ ta for tllie efticieat &d■iaiatratioa of welfare fn,ctioaa. Nat MD ral•,
He Welfare.
re1alatiou 1 &Dd orden aecessar, to carrr out these i ■1cti01:1, vUd1 are biudlae upo■ the cou ■ tiea.
Couty departaents of -------------------·--···----·---1-•-----··---1 --------- Perfore sacb welfare hactiou u - be 1-i,oaed bJ law or dniruted bJ He State
public welfare.
Departaeu of Public Welfare. Hust prOYide care for ■eedy cbil.dre■ I■ prhate
h011es vltea proper care cu.not be prorided ia t•etr on ko■es, aad reader ·aach
usistaace u ls needed to eaable cll:Udrea of tl•e respectiYe coaatie1 to take
full &dvuta,e of tbe laws i ■ bebalf of dependent, •eelected, and defectin clllldrea. Must hiti&te, pro■ote, ud assist h eaforceaeat of all_ 1an deai1aated
for tbe protection of cbildrea..
State Board of Charities
Recehes •••••l reports froa e&ell public or priYate cbild--caria1 a,eac1 or 11stitatioa la tbe State, Bu jurisdictioa of all orpbu aad depeadeu cbil.drea
u.d Refora.
aot otherwise pro•ided for. Hust appl7 to tlle courts for appoiat ■e ■ t as 1aardiu
of all cbildrea coai ■ 1 i ■ to its care ud cutod7 1 udar coaseat· to tH &doptioa
of such cbildrea.

1-------------·----·-··---·-------1----·-------1 -------·-

WyoalD11

---------!

1

Alaska

----------1 Territorial

Depart..al
of Public Welfare.

1---------------------------------1------------1 l

------- Has jarisdictioa of juYeoiles aad pro•idff for tbe teepi ■ f of records of all juYealles aad tor the p&t■ellt of bills for their care or b co ■ aectioa witb coa■ it ■eats.

The boards are leeal eoardlaas of all cbildrea co■11itted to tbeir control. Ma,
pro•ide for tb:e care, ■ aiDteaaace, ud educatio1 of socll children aad ■al c011ait
the■ to tbe care aad custodr of so■e peraoa, associatio■, or hstitutioa a■ d
pay a a1111 . 1ot e1.ceedinr S25 per ■oatb for their care aad aalnteauce. Ma, biad
oat chlldrea, apprentice the ■, or &i•e the■ ia adoption to foster pareate. All
persons, iastitutioas, or associations receiYiae cbildre■ are subject to tbe
aupe"iaioa of tbe boards. A record of each c01111itaeat ■ ast be furaiabed the
Territorial Depart.eat of Public Welfare aad a se■ i ■oatll:lr report ■ut be ll&de
to tbe G01'eraor and tbe depart ■eat.

Boa rd·s of children's
eaa.rdiaas. st

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a.

District of Coluabla.

I CollllissloDen ----------i ---------------------------------i ------------1 ---------

-5!

C")

Board of Public WeUare--l !!ece!Yes children co-ltted to
it br jnet1.Ue court.

0

an

See footnotes at ad of table.

i------------i ---------

Hast Tislt and investigate tbe ■ana,eeaeat of all charitable iastitutioas for vbicb
appropriations are ■adej ■ ust, bf police force, aid the Wa.sbi ■ 1toa Buu.ne Societ7
ia the- e ■ force■ent of all laws relath1 to or affectial the protectioa of cbildrea. AppoiDt the Board of Public Welfare.
Hast ha•e the leeal euardiansbip, care, ud eapeniaio ■ of cbildre■ c011aitted to
it bJ tbe Ja¥eaile court. 87 Har biDd oat or apprentice sach childre■, 1be tbea
iD &doptio ■ to foster parents, ate prmisios for their care a■ d tre&t ■eat iD

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Ta~I• 26.-Major

Power ■

• • • Public Agencies • • • Care of Dependent and Neglected Children Dut1lde of Own

Ho■ e1

or State lnstltutlons~Con.

....
~

•

Pow~fr to

State

District of Col•bia-Coatd,

Agenci~ e-r.ercisillr
control or s ■perYisioa.

Board of Public
tatt-Coatiaued.

Wei-

Bawall __________ lTerritorial Board of
Public Welfare,

Count7 public
cOMissioaa.

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welfare

Relationship to Jneaile court

Power to
license

lcooperate

with
priYate I Federal
agencies and' child
iastitutioas weltare
~encies

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■ issioaers.

l .................... , l .............. , Hast &daiaister child welfare acthities, a■d ■ust cooperate with pablic or pri•ate authorities in placiar dep,e■ d~t childrea in suitable iastintioas or pri•ate b011es, Hust set standards of conditions, unaeeaent, a.ad cospete ■ ce necesS&ry for aa orea.abatio■ or iastitation ha'fiae care and custody of depe■ deat
cllildrea. Ma1 reYiew uy dectsioa of the county public welfare c01aissioas.
Hust cooperate witb tbe Territorial Bo&nl of Public Welfare ii carr7ilK out tbe
progr1111 of cbild welfare se"ice, subject to tbe rales, re1ulatioas, ud adai ■ is­
trati'fe suR!nisioa of the board.

l---------------------------------1------------I ---------I

I iadicatea that the proYiaioa. applies 'fitbont li ■ itatioa i ■ a 1hea State,
1Powers &Dd duties of·selectaea. arepertoraed bJ a board of pablic welfare coaissioaers
ia. tbe towu of Maacbester,
1No child troa 4 to l6 yeara of a.ee - , be placed ia u al.Jlshoue.
3 Persons urine for110re Ou 2 cbildrea under 10 years of a,e ■ost ttport to tbe ton
select.ea within 3 days froa tbe tiae of reception, death, or ttaoY&l of child.
"U■ less c~itted to tbe board by a coart, tbecoaseat of the child's pareats is aecesur, before a child •Y be t&k.ea froa ita parents or 1uanlius.
1State depart■nt also has tke power to appro•e proposed i■ corporatio11a of claarit&ble
•ce-acies.
8
Vhe■ ·suitable arraaeeae■ t■ vitll u7·!!10Ciety or usoclatioa caaDOt beaade by tbe Jllda:e
ot tlae jvve ■ ile court.
'.& bureau of pabllc welfatt bas bee:■ created in Cook Coaaty to consolidate "all social
welfare fu11etioaa, • It would appear tltat tke f ■actioas of the o•er■eera i ■ Cook Co ■nty
■ i1ht be trusferred to ·sacb bveau altboaall tlae l&w does aot so specifically provide.
1 Ptrpo■e of the act creatiaf thisbareaa is ·stated u
follows: •• • • to coasolicl&te
la a ·ala.1le depart.eat or bareav of a- coaatJ all branches of la•nti1atioa, powers, fuctioa. aad d ■ tle-s. included la the ten 'Social Se"ice Paactio ■ s,' i.e., depeade-at cbUdrn iD cun of pare depeade1cr wbere the actloa of a co■ rt of record is aot ia'foked;
• • • feebl~1laded perao■-; deaf alld blind cUldrea; paupera; adoptloa of cblldree; 1 ■1ane perB011; tll91itiaate clllldrea: aiDor■' wards a■d ruardia■■; cases iaYol•hir ■ocial,
eco■ caic, a■d lloae coadltio•, noasapport, de1ertio1 a ■ d &b&Ddonaeat, where tbe aid of
a eonatr or Jariadictloa of a coart of record ta h•okedi aid, food, clotlli ■ I aad aedical
at teatioa or otber relief of all pereon i• tke coaaty applthl for or ta ■eed of ll."

-i

m
prtTate h~s or in public or prhate institutions at rates appt'01'ed by tbe ~
May accept TolaatarJ aid ia tbe place.eat and supervhioa of cllildren. Maintains general supe"isi01, OTer all charitable, eleeaos7nar1, correctional, or reforaatorJ iastitutioas supported bJ appropriatioa..

Re-eel•~ cbildttn c01111itt~ to
it by juve■ ile coart-Coatiaued.

1---------------------------------1

Miscellaaeoas powers ud daties relatinr to d~adeat ud aea:lected cllildreu

11
Por the purpose of ad■ ia.istratioa of pablic relief aad care, the State ta dhided iato
city aad cooatr p11blic welfare districts. TIie terw local publ le wl(are offlctala iaclades coauty c0111issio1ers of public welfare, cit1cca11haioaers of public welfare, town
public welfare officers. a11.d city public welfare officers,
11No pablic welfare: official ay send a child uader the ace of l5 years to a public
boae, except that cbildre ■ aader 2 years of a,ee ur be cared for witll their aotbers ia a
public boae but ■ ust be reaOYed when tlle children reacb the aee of 2.
14 Siace powers and duties of tbe State Public Welfare Board ■icht coat lict with those
•ested by law i■ tbe State Board of Ad■ iaistratioa, the cllild welfare duties of both agencies
ba•e been coasolidated and are ad■iaistered by 1 sapenisor. Tbe State Board of Ad ■ iais­
tratioa supeniaes aad reialates atenity bospitals ud lyi ■ a-h iastitatioas carinr for
or placina children, It also h•estirates boaes for the placeaeat of cllildrea, witbdraws
ckildren froa aaduirable hoaefl, ud a.ccepta iraardiuabip of cllildrea c011aitted to it by
coarts of coapeteat J ■ risdictioa. The board of &dainistratioa alao cooperates vitb the
jneaile courts; i ■ •esti1atea petltio■ s for adoptioa, aad secures tbe enforce.eat of all
laws relatine to cbildrea.
°Tua proYisioa doe■ aot ehe coaaty boards the altbority to Mke child placeaeuu.
"Boards of coaaty c011■ t■■ io1ers, witk tke appro•al of tlle dhilioa of public u•istaace of tbe State Departaeat of Public Welfare, •J appoht count7 chlld welfare boards.
The boards, where eEiatiDI, ba.-e tbe ·aue pawn ud datiea relathe to depeadeat a.ad
aellttted cbildre■ u are et•n the tnateea of tbe co■ atr children'• lloae.
7
Coa■ tr boards of COll8issioaers &N ex officio couty uai■taace bo&rdl opera the ■ader
the aupe"i■ io ■ of the State DepartNat of Public Welfare.
11
.lppll•• oal.J l ■ coaatl .. wlO a popalatloa fr01124,l!OO to 211,100 aad/or75,000 or oore,

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•eat•blt■hed la coutiea witb a popa.latioa laa Utu ecx>.000.
10Departaent acts tbro111b cbildren'a dh'isioa.
l'Cblldrea in couat7 lloaes auat aue■d Oe district scboola. I ■ counties h&Tinf 40.000
popalatiOll or 110re, couat7 bo•rds ■u.st provlde a■d aiataiD coa■ t7 detentioa b011e1 a■d
scboola tor depea.deat, nerlected, and deli ■ qoeat children.
1 'composed of boards of couaty coa■ isaioaers.
11 1 ■ New Orleans Parish velt&re fanctloll9
are adllltaistered tllroarll tbe depart■ea.t of
pabllc safety, aobdhisioa of cbarit7 &ad relief.
1'Tbe couot7 trast~s of the poor or comissioa.ers 1wbere 10 coaot1 welfare board exiatsJ ■ ut place all poor cbildren ia their cbarre ia soae edacatioaal iastitatiOD or
bme for cbildtta. These cllildrea aust be Tisited seaiua.aall7. No cbild froa 3 to 16
,e-ars of aee - , be retained in any coutttJ lloae for a period loarer tbu go da,s.
16 Io Bostoa tbe institutions departaeat bas tbe powers and dutira coaferred upoa tlle
local boards of pablic welfare coaceraiar aid to children.
uBstablishes cou■ tJ offices ud ad•isor7 coaatJ co•ission.
17Cre&ted in all cou■ ties coatai■ inr cities vitb a population froa 75,000 to 150,0CX).
111 other cooties coanty courts perfor ■ these welfare functions.
18 <:oaaty board of public welfare co■sists of board.a of couDty coa■ issloners, eK officio.
11Cllild W!l!are activities ■ust include tlle-protectioa &ad care of h011ele-ss. deJ)endeat,
aad nee'lected children, and children la danger of bec011inr delinquent; cooperation with
State a.Di other iasti tutioas for children. inchdiat laYestieat ioa a.ad follow-up. services;
se"ices aad care of cll:ildrea i ■ foster boaes; ud ali other child welfare acti"rities
autborized b7 law.
10 h the case of a c01111itaellt or adllissioa of an infa.at to aa, &l11Shouse or welfare
11.oase, a record of this action ■ ust be filed with tbe State Boa.rd of Children •s Guardians.
11 0nier ■ust be approved b7 a justice of tb:e Sapreae Court, The law provides th&t the
po1tera and doti~ of tbe State Board of Social Welfare shall be reeulatory and advisor,
ud ■ ot adlliaistrathe or executi•e. However, tlle State de-partae■ t is charged with the
adlli ■ iatratlon of all fol"IIS of public welfare work for which tbe State is responsible,
tbe aupe"isiOD. of all public welfare work ad•inistered bJ an1 local unit of eoveruea.t.
aad the recalatio ■ of financial asslatuce 1ra.ated by the State ia co ■ nectioa. with sucll.
wort.

HTll:e 1menta1 bodies of citin. ud towu MJ also eatablisb such iastltatioas.
'°Tbe State board aay eatabliall local aait'I of ad■iatstration to sene as it• &rents.

Local boards of public welfare 11&1 be

nt&bli ■ bed

to ••rv• b at ldYhor, capacltJ with

these alita. Aa soon as such boards are appoiaud, count7 cllild welfare boards are dissolved ud cease to hactioa.
11 B1 ■ tatate all cbildre■ la State or local pabllc iastlta.tioas ■ot wards of a.a, court
are ea.de urda of t•e State ud tllelr exclaahe possessloa and custody ia vested ia the

State Bo.ard of Coatrol.
:serbrourh tlle diTiaion for cll:ildre■ ll tke depa.rtaeat. the di.rector aust exuine and
appro•e all article■ of hcorporatiOll for a,eacies, societies, associations, or iustit ■tions orculled for tlle care of depeude■ t cll.lldrea.
5
8Tbe ten pabltc aaal.s&ance tnclndea care of depeadeat chlldrea awa1 fr011 their own
h011es.

ult is ul.aVful for any Ura, aoclety, usociatio■ or corporation, or any person !except tbe parents) to ass1111e the perau.eat care, castody 1 or control of any child under
the aee of NjoritJ unless aatlllorized to do so bJ the Superior Court. It is aalawful
wit bout the vritte■ &ppl'OT&l. of the Superior Court for &al perso■ la a.a, way to relinquish
or truster to uother person, Ura, society, or corporation, the peraalle ■ t care, custodJ,
or control of a117child under the a,e of •Jorit7 a.ad aa, such reliaquish ■eat or transfer
is void.
°The depa.rtaeat aost exui ■ e and apprare tbe proposed articles of incorporation for a
children•• iasti tution or orraabatio■.•
88
!stablisbed ia each Judicial dhisioa la the Territor7.
17
Tbe followiac classes of children are designated bJ the juvenile court of the District
as beiae under tbe care aud so:penisio■ of the board: children c0111itted by a court because of subjection to cruel treaUteat; children t,ilfully abused or neelectNS; any child
uader 17 years of are found ia a lloose of 111-faae; all children who a.re destitote of
sul table hoaes aad adequate aea■ s of earaiDr u honest lhiae; all childtta abandoned bJ
their parents; all children of babitaally drnkea, vicioos, or uafit pattots; all cbildrea habitually ber&iai oa the streets or fro ■ door to door; all cbildrea kept i ■ Ticioos
or iaoral associations; &lld all cbildrea t.aowa b7 their lanruaae or life to be Ticious
or iocorricible.

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176 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Table 27.-Govern ■ ental

Unit Responsible for Financing Specified Types of Care for
Dependent and Neglected Children

State

Alabua --------------------------

Care lit State
h:stitutioa
State

Local

I---------

1---------

Ari&oDa ______________ ----------- Arkansas ________________________ _

Care bf prhate acac.r
or ins ti tutioa

Care in local
intitutloa
State

Loc&l

State-

Local

----------- 1--------- l.
I _________ 1--------- l.
x_ _______ _

California _______________________ I _________ I _________ I _________ I _________ I--------· I.
Colorado --· - -- -·----- ------------ I------·-- ------ ----- ----------- 1--------- 1 ------ --- I.
Connecticut---------------------- ----------- ----------- ----------- X--------- ----------- I.

1---------

1--------- 1--------- 1--------- I.

Plorida - - • --- -- - • -~-- - --- __ ---- --

1--------- 1--------Geora: ia -------------------------l _________
Idaho ______ - --- - -- - --- ---- ---- -- lllloois _________________________ I _________ ----------- ----------- 1--------- I_ ________
lndlaoa __________________________ 1--------- I _________ I _________ I_ ________ 1---------

l.
I.
I.
I.

Iowa----------------------------- 1--------- ______________________ l ____________________ l.

I _________ 1--------- 1--------- I.

----------- I--------Louisiana------------------------

l---------

1---------

I.

----------- I.
1--------- 1--------- I.
1--------- 1--------- l.

Haiae ------------·--------------- 1--------Marrlaad ------------------------- 1--------Massacbuset ts--------------------

---·------- 1--------- I.

Mlcbiaao ------------------------- 1--------- 1---------

----------· I.
1--------- 1.

Mississippi----------------------

I-•-------

1---------

Hisaouri ------------------------- I ________ _
Mo■ tana -------------------------- 1 ......... .
Nebraska ...... ____________________ l --------- __________ _

Nenda --------------------------- 1--------- 1--------New Hupsbl,e ____________________ ----------- ---------·-

1--------- l.

1 ____________________ 1.
x_ ________ ----------- l.

----------- 1--------- l.
1--------- ----------- 1.
___________ 1 _________ 1.

I--------- 1--------- I.
1--------- I.

New Jenoe1----------------------New Mexico ........................... ----------New fort------------------------- 1 ________ _
Nortb Caroliaa __________________ _
North Dalr:ota ____________________ _

x_ ________ ----------- l.

1--------- I--------- l.
----------- 1--------- 1.

Ohio----------------------------- 1 ________ _

l --------- 1--------- 1.

Otlahoa&------------------------- 1---------

1--------- 1--------- 1--------- l.
----------- l --------- X.

Peaasy l "Yaaia ___ -- _____________ • •• l .... ____ - - ____ ..... -- .

Rbode lsl&Dd --------------------- I---------

x ________ _

1--------- 1--------- l.
-----------

I--------Teaaessee ------------------------

I---------

Texas .............................. 1---------

l.
x_ ________ l.

i_ ________

----------- 1.
I.
----------- 1.

i_ ________ ----------i_ ________

L-------- 1--------- l.
·Vlreiaia ________________________ _
Wuhinrtoa ______ ----- ----- -------

1--------- l.

1--------- 1--------- I.
___________ 1 _________ 1.
l --------- ----------- I.

X--------- - ---------- X.
----------- I.
Te-rri tory.

Alaska __ -----------·-------·----District of Colu11bia ............. _ District 1 •

District 1

_

Terri torr. ,1.

Hawaii ------- ____ ------ ____ -----l indicates tb&t the pro"Yisioa applie-a withoat liaitatio1. ia a eivea State.
1Suppleaen ted

bf Federal faada.

Dig,tized by

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Veteran Relie~
177

138840 0-39--13

Digt,zed bv

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......
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Taole 28.-Personal and Other Qualifications for Eligibility for Direct Relief to Veterans

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Re.s ide nee

Sto1tl!'

Cl.us of persons

'lt'<\r i a v h ich

Bra.ach o!

eli2ible 1

:servic e was reade re d

se rv ice

Civil Warl Coft! eder.ite for ces I'

At. t,._.a -- · - -· ---

-1Anu·

Provisi oo.s 'r el.t.t"lag to
"tisc el1...1Aeou$ qualttl c a. ti.on:\
r~ eip t o t oth e r a. 1'1
wh ich di 5'}U-' l ity ~~pp~ l_1_c_• •_ <_•-I-- - Ve t er.t n ■ U3 l

o r S,w:,- ••

be

i ndi£C llt

il ti'1

di.!o .ib l ~d

t,ecause or l0!'5 o r $ i e-h t or othi! r p:ty51c&t 1ntir111 1t;;.

,\n zona ___ _____ _

Yct "!f"an ,l,lld dependent,~

-I

Ex- service meD

hd 1ce-11t e , ..s.e rv1c~ "en .

Anty, frilav)", o r

~riDe Cor ps.
Ve-tera.a 111u.s :. be ud1cen t.

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St a t e

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Vete raa, vir e er widow ,
de p ende at

ISt.ite,

reside nt a t

t i111e o r •cli 1u11en t
o r fo r 2 r ears co ot i nuo u3 ly.
t!ie I St.ite , citize n o r

Sol-

chi :drcD,

,u .d

depende nt

t i v~.

IIJ

r e la-

Ve t e ra n , e .., lf e , de pe ndent c hildr e n, widowed

Wa r v it h Spa in, Philippine lns urrectton , Chiu Relief 81pedi ti o n, o r Worl.d W,H."'

Army, ha.vr, or
Ka r i ne Co r ps .

Aay war

. .. - ... do...... ... . . .

ln diance a.ad necr1 rtu~ t o se rvi ce- conaec t.-.d d1s ab1 l it )' ot vet e ran .

l . ... ...... .. .. ........ . ........ -- --------- ·I

• o ther, or hu.sba.od .

Veteran ADd •.ieoe.ade1u 9.I Wo r ld War 7

resident .u ti!M!' or

e nli s t me at.

or~ • , and M..1. ri nes ' Fund .

Veteran

Geo r iia _ . .•••• • •

-- - ... do •••••• •• ! Rec i pie nt or aid (ran 3ol.diers1 •
Sai tors•, u.d Ha rin es ' fuad
inay not rece i ve o t her assis t aace .

Wi r e

■u s t

(1111 ■ ust

be 1.iYiar vit h weter an . Wl dt,&Te li'f'ed with Yeter.u before

his death . Child rell anast be ueder 16
1ears o r 41e aad ia aecd .

Ve t er& ■ ■ ast

Ci YilWar ICon!e~rate ( or cesL . I A1'11'1.)' - ---- - · ---

have become ctla r geable 1poa

poo r fund .
7
St ate, r ~ide nt •••• \ 'k teran and dependents10 _ _j Wor ld War

Vete r aa nuas t

Anny, Na vy, or

~

disabled a.ad des t i tut e .

"3riae Corps.

llliools

~
Lad1au ••••••••.

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State, 1 7e ar

-·-•--l Veteran

a nd ta.B\ily .. .... J Cinl War, War with Spain ,
PhiUppiae Insurrect ion, China
Re lief f!J:pedltloa, or World
Wor.

At11l.Y, Navy, or

Harlee Corps.

Recipient may ao t be ~.llt to
aa "11115hou:se without coa.seu

of t he corruM.ader and ~lief
co1111Dlltee o r the Yeteraa 's
po• t , cMp, or ch&pter ot
wh lch he ls • •••ber.

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rm

Crt><!'11d~at s o r veter"'i:1 ea t itled t o ca.re
ou t side o ( b CEe !IHI.St be
111 hari.e o r
wi t hout arteq_UA t e meau o ! s uppo rt.

r>etaw.ire _____ __ _
Flo r l<la _______ __

Idaho

,,
,,

Co l o rado _______ _

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C:il if orn1a __ ___ _

f.u e o ut~i de o!
ll0111e .

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Ar b!:ISAS __ ___ . _.

Connect 1cut :
r•~porar, • •·
s is t a.nee .

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Veter-a.a aust be iadieeat aad s ulferiar.
Pbil7 must be ill need or ASshtuce ,

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Iowa-----·------ CA:,aet1, 1 1Hr co■t ia ■ ousi, wtthoat
belq ..aned to d~

----------------------1 AIIQ',

Veteran, wife or widow, or cbildre■• 1

Alty v&r

Vetera ■,

Chil War Wa.ion forces>, War
witb Spah, or World War.

Veteran, wife or widClf, or children
be 1Ddi11e• t.

NaY)', or
llarhe Corps.

■ ust

part.
wife or ..-1dow,
or dependent. cbildren
11ader 141eara ot ace.

luau ----------

I Anq

Veteran and faai17 aust be destitate or
h aeed.

or Na.Yr

lea tuct, _______ -1 - - - - - - - - - · - - · - - - - · - Lo91s!u& ______ _
Mahe ----------· I Ton., 5 reara co■th110asi,.
ll&qlud _______ _
llaaaacllaaetu

---1 (11 )

I Veteru ud ~•de■ ts
Veteran, widow, or hfut chlldrea. 11

---------------1 Veteru, '"wife or w!dow, ~•dent

Ara,, Na.YT, or
H&rioe Corps.

Veter&D and depeade11ts ■ast I b7 reason
ot poYertJ, be in a.eed of relief.

hy war--·----·-·-------·--·- Any, Naq, or
llarloe Corps.

V.?teru or dependents aust be disabled,
indieeat, or sic:t.

CiTil W..r, War with Spah, or
World liar.

(

14

Na•1, or
M&rioe Corps.

) ------------------------ Aray,

■ ino~,

ud fatber or 110tber.

Hlclliru ·--·---·

1--------------------

Hiaaesota _______ State, resideat for
3 yea.rs or served
i ■ St&te reelaest. t&

I

Sapple ■ ea tar, State, resident
proaraa.

Veteru, wife or widow,9
cbildrea, or aotber.
Vetera.a., wife or widow,
pa.rents, or 11.iDor cbil-

A.a, war or ■ ili tar, ei:pedltioa
of the United St.ates.

Recipient of 1st and 3d class
■ ilitarr aid MY ■ ot receive
other assistance.

IAra,,
Na.YJ, or
Marine Cori,s.

Veteraa or dependeat ,1111st be iadigeat.
Vetera.a, wife or widow, or ■other ■ust 1
by reason of wounds, disease, old a2e,
or infir■ ities, &s the case-., be, be
unable to earn a livin2 1111d without
adequte lfteaos of support. Pa.rents
■ust be dependea.t.
Wife or vidOW', or
aother ■ust be mer 55 years of age.
Wife, if deserted, 11ust be worthy. Child
1111ust be under 14 years of aee, 18
Vetera.a ■ust be disabled.

(1') -·--------------·--·----- Ar111, N&Yy, or

Harine Corps.

dre■. 18

-·--1 Veterau

ud t■-iliea

-I Anr war ··------·------·--·--•

Veteran ■ ut. beca.ue of
sickness or disability, heh such aeed
as vould entitle hi111 to poor relief.
Soldters' rel la(: Veteran 1111st be poor
aad uable to provide •inten.uce for
aelf aDd depeadeats.

1Lltta'1f atd:

i • • · · · · · · - · - · · __

Mississippi ____ _

(')

Hisaoari ----·--·

0

--t

Koatua ·-··--··-

--·--·---------1 WarChilof War.
1812, Mexicu War,

<g

Nebrul:a _______ _

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Ne.. d& ---------New Hampshire ___ IState, 3 7eara -----IVetera.a, wife or ..-idalr,
or dependent childrea.

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Veteran

Al17 var

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IAra,,
Karine Corps.

County soldiers' relief co-bsioa deteraines need.

Na.vy, or

----------------------1 An11,

NaY7, or
Kari•• Corps.

Federal pension ■■ st be used
for support of self and dependents.

Veteran ■ust be poor aad uaable to naia·
ta in se lt or f a ■ ily.

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Talll• 29.-Personal and Other Qualifi cations for El ig, o,1 i ty for Direc t Relief to Veterans-Continued

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Wa r 1c whi c h
-s ervi c e wa s re ndered

o! pe rs ons
~1 i e ible 1

Cl ,1::1 5

Res 1deoce

St a t e

Branc h o!

<se rv ic e

Provi s 100-; re htina M
rece i. pt oJ o t her a i ti
;. h1ch .11 -s1u.a.t d;.- app l 1cant s

•

\l iscel laneous 1uati { i c11.tion

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New Jersey-- - ---

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New !-le.iic.:t --- -- Rec1p1en t 1"'.l)' no t b~ C:OJTl:fl.itt ed
t o an a.l;,is hous e.

New Yoric ---- - ---

I

Ve t er&o , nurs e, o r L
1.. ~ r1•j~nt~ ei us t t'le in
:i.e~ d o f pub l ic ~l i e f o r c..tr l:' .

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Nort h Car o lina

17

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Oh i o ___ ___ ______ \ Sta.te, l ) e a.r; count:, , I Yeterac , oa. rent s , wif l!'
6 l'IODt hs.
() f
wi 1ow , o r miaor
c hi ld re .11. .

Or egon

------ ---- 1Sate,

3 mont hs

I

War with Sp3.io o r Wo rl d 'car ••

widow , 'lr 1t-pende nt children .

,a, war ••

Veteran , widow, or de-

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Wi f e o r widow o r depe nde nt c h ildren a nd
! a111ilr.

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Ve te ra n o r
dependen t s.

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South Da.ko t a --- - 1 3t ate , 3 r ea rs h1111edla t ely p recedi11. g a pp licati on.

I Veter&o ,

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Army , ~-Liv:,•. o r
~!a.nae Corps .

Vete ra n 1nd hts de9'!'n '1~nt.s !'IIUS t

~

ne edy.

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r
Ci vil War t!J nion {orces l , ID11a11 Ca111pa1e11, 18 Philippine
h. su r rec t ion, o r- 'to r ld War- .

penden t .;;.

Rhode hla.nd :
Sta t e -------- -

l

m

----1 VHe ran,

Pe nnsy lva. nia __ _ _

0

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Nort h Dakota ___ _

wi fe o r widow

Chi l Wa. r !U nion Co r cesl , Yar
with Spa.in , Ph ilipp i ne Insu r rec t io n, O\lu Relie r Ex ped ition , or World Wa r.
Any wa.r

. I Ci vi l

Wa r

Am:,· , ~avy , o r
Ma r ine VJ rp s .

Recip ient !'Ila,}' not ~ sent t o an
:,, lms ho use wi t hou t consent o f
post com.mand.er o f ve te rans'
o ri&0.i 1.ati o11.

r

Arn:,· , ~avy , or
l'!,uine Corps.

Ve t e ran 1u1st be sic k, d isabled , o r i ndi aent.

0

Amy, Na vy , o r
Marine Corps .

Ve t eran a.nd d.epe.ndents
a.nd de~ndeo t .

(

"9.Us t

be wo r t hy

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-;::;Veraoat •••• •• •• . ! State , l year I- • I Ve t eru ud ~peadeats.
d la te l y precedl • r
appli ca t ion.

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Ve t er.u &ad his depe ndent s .iust be indi jC!lt and wit hou t a 1e1u.ate ri1e,us o! proc uri ni t he necessi t ies ot lite. 10

Amy or N&Y7 •• / ••••• •• •••••••••••• •• •• • •••• •• / Veteran or de~odenls mus t be d!1&bled
~r !ndl i•• t aad • •• ble to t&ke ad .. n·
ta r t of th ~ ~ol :I ie n I l10III<':.'.

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Ma r ia• Corps.
Wa.sbiactoa

--- ---1 State,

l year

------1 Yete rA.a

or f aail~·

--- -•! (• 1 1_ _________________________ 1 Ar'IQ',

N&v7. or
~ r t ne Co rps.

111st be 11ai1111ed, a rtllctM. or
dlsabl~d ud illdii,eat ; vidow, needy and
hdt1n t.
hdt11ea t &nd suUertar vetena• u.dtheir

Veter••

Vet'!' r&a o r widow ... . . . .. , Civil War ICoD!ederate t orcesl .... j Am:, , NJ.Yr, or

ftrrhta _______ _

I

R~ct pi cat ma, aot be•eat to an
.1l 111St,ou9e without coue11.t of
cO1T1Mndcr o! local veteraa.s'
poa t.

I

fuili e.s or the fa•ilie• ot thoee deceued who ■eed assi! tuce are ehe11

I relier.

Vest Vireillia __ _

Wisconsia:
r..porary &Id

-I TOW1l,

tilJ, or Yil-

lace , l year.

General relief.

Veteran, wife or vidow, Aoy war ----------------------1
or dep en deat cbildrea. 13
Veteran, wife or widow , SerYed in araed forc es h ti11e
dep endent children, or
or var.
dependent pa.rents .

Veter.a or dependents au.,t be iadi1ent.

Am;, H&•1, or

Marine Corps.
Veteran or de pendents ■ ust be aeedy.

~ny , or
Harhe Corp,.

Al'II)',

Wj' Ol!li DQ' - ---- ----

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1Veteraa's depeadeDts are eli ~1b le !or direc t relief i! th e veter•n hi•sel! has or ha.d
the nec~ssar/ q ua.lif ica t ious . WbereYe r qua.li t 1c.1.t1 ons tor dependent s are specifically
~ tipula ted , the veter&11 hi~elf nu'.tt a.l.so have qual1hed , Direc t relie f t or t he widow ot
a. ve teran is provided i! the vetera n -wa.s elle 1b l e And she vas livioe with him a.t t he t1111e
ot his death .
2The iot e re~t OD funds re~iaing U l the 5;,&oi sh .trnen cu War Reli ef fu11d i s approp ri ated t o the ~ua rtemaster o! thf' U .a bam.l Sp,u1. hh i\111e ri c.,, n Wa.r Vet e ran s to t>e us e d to r
welfa re wo r k &M111f needy c om r.ides, t11ei r 1o dow s a. ad rhild rea , and !or the c urr ent aee15
o! the o rganiut1on.
~Naval nu rse J al so elqpble.
4
l nd i eent pers oos wh o served in t~.e Re::1 Cr os , are a lso e l1 e iblt.! .
&App li cu t mu-.t be a cittzea o r the St at ~.
t'!N une ~ and yeorri.aaettes also e lli lL le.
~Ao:,· ve tera n ls e li 21ble who s erved 11:1 t he ar•r o! uy i1overane-u 6"\ !iocia. t ed vith t he
Uiuted 3ta. te s in the World W&r ud v ho was a resident of t he 5tate ill t he tune o! :ds
enl ist men t.
1 Atd m.ay be r ive n Uvetenu i s di a ible for c •re ia Fitch' s Sohil e rs• Hone but cAanot
be r eMve~ t o it.
' ~une, al so e l 1etb le.
10Am)" nu rse.s .nd j"eoma.nett es 3.lso elifible.
1 1 N:,, ti ollA l ~ua rds11'l,U it iaJured 111 line o ! duty l s e lle ible.
11 2 type s of di r ec t r e lief .ire r ra.n ted to veterA o,: ''so l diers ' r e lie!N .tad N111ll1ta r r
aid ." ~ci p i eats ot "soldiecs' relie f " 111us t hav" leii\l settltl!leot 10 t ht: t own a1d 1n11 thf."111.
Recipi en t s ot "111 Utar:,· ,u d " a r e d 1vi dt>d into 4 cl.u:.~s . .:iim jla,r 1u41lf1 cat1 0H ha \·eb,.ea
,;et !or l~ t ,n •J ~ cl&ss reci pients and !or 2d and 4t h c:l a.ss re-c1p1e11 r :s, re:..pe c t1Yel)',
with t he ! OllOW'111i "!1ces1t i o05 : re c. 1p1uts o! bo t h 3d a.ud 4th clA5S &td n,ust hav e be en

residenu

ot

the Sta te for

~

rears and must be reside1ns of the t OIID aidint them..

All 4

classes o! re cipi"ot s mus t be d i.s abled a.a d, in. the ca., e o ! the 2d and 4t h c lass, the
di sabilities :a ust be s ervice co nnected. Funds to recipieats otall 4 c las s e~ are disbu rs ed
br tow ns aa d cities . The State relaba r ses the tOW"D and city for the totd a.mount pa1d to
3f.1 &ad 4th c l&ss recipients a.:,,_,j l o f t he amount paid to 1st and 2d cla.s s r "cipteots .
1 3<:ivll War amy nurses a lio e li rible .
1"Civll 'iar, ln<!ian Catnpa1KD, Wa.r with Sp.ii n, Pl dUppio" Insurrec t ion, China kelid &xpedi ti on , Mexican Border Service , or World War.
11 A ... ue or widow or paren t titust hav" 5 years resi dence in th e Stat e.
18 Civi l Wu !Union Art11) I nurses o ver 65 years o! are v1th l 1·ear' 3 servic" ud ine•biers
o! t he State Nati onal Guard disabled in. lue or dut;· a.l so eli11ible ,
1"The di:- ec t or ~ of the Con!edent e Soldiers' Hone N,j· , ,\l th ei r disc retion, dis con tinue
tl,e use of th e hone and furnish the iCl!'l3tt-s wi th &CCl'JJ'UTIC'<Sa.t ions e l !l:e whe re, and also s uc h
t raou-i o- a!.d a.s shall sec ure tot he-rii proper care and a. tl ention cond uc ive to t hei r heGl t h,
wt?lf:l.re , aniJ J1a. pp1ness . The directors o f t he Co nfederate W~n's HoP1e a re empowered to
s ol icit and receive dona t ion!'. for the purpose of a id ing 10di 11ent Con!e<l.erate wome n in thet r
ho.,ies 1n t he vari ous couattes .
l!!IV" tera.a 11tU5t hav" s erved not less t han 10 days or htve bee.11. p"nnaaentl)" disable-d iD
the lc d taD CullpaiiD·
19 Ve t"ran ls e lie:ible if t he va lue of hoal! owned i s not d isp roporti ona.t e to needs .
20Reli e ! limit ed to veteran o r wife or v1 dow not i n a conditioo t obe tai{.eo to the soldi e rs' hOD!e.
11 Civil Wa r IUni o11 Co rc e::11, lodla.a Campa.1rn, War wi t h Spain, Philippioe hsu rrectioo.
He 1ic11.n Bo rder ~r v ic", Wor l d War or ot her !ore i 1p1 11ar . 1t1Su rrec t ion, or e i:pe:dit ioo .
0

No t e:

No proiram in Ala.ska , Di.st r ic t ot Col umbia, or Ha.1111a ii.

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......

Table ?9.-Provisions for the Ad1Dinistration and Financing of Direct Relief to Veterans

co
N

)'..,. -

r un:

St a t e:

Ol
1, ...

01

~l,,br.v,a . . ___ __ _. l r,

Supen· i :.o ry

re c l

;:::,.Ju rt vf co~~t;· co~11 s .::i

1o n c r ::o ,

---- 1~i --l :i t 11 : e

Re l

·\·•: t•.:r,1l13 '

Fu:~d

:'-. t .ite..•

t i!!

Co r.n l.!. :! 10 0 .

-'ete ra n. s '

r'i o.3.o. Crnl provi s 1ous

A.M un t
01

Ad v1_so r.1

Court of count;,• cc,1r.1111 Si l t t1 n!.!'rs . c.ouo t ;,,- t;,.u ra
o ! r !:'v•:::iu~ . or o t he r
,::r.,un t:, ~o ve- ro. i :i E bod ;·.

bru r ~

coun tj'

?! r~ v 1.: :u.H.: , cJ:- o tl: ~ r
cou:tt r i:Ove rn1 oi bO'l}' .
~ri~ on~, -- - -

~te m1 D,l l io o o : ~11g 1bi l i l )"

",.!m1 015 t t7l ti v,. r ~sp,,:i o!li b1l1tf

~e lle!

Ne., :

.!!I.ti

t ~·~

re li er

to e .tc~c<J

$40

1actJc nce o i
re:Sf'Ot1 3 llil l t l)'
p-!r

CQ unt,i"

$o ::ir c.~ o f !u t.ds

---- · •-- i Count:,·

Je ::1er~l fuod .

, anJ:ii .

----- -In .. j r""'lu~ t y

CD

:it :ite er-n~rd (and.

P11unc 1,, ! 3sain a nc-e

.I Coun t )·

o r "uJ1 1cirJ.1l1tr ,

Co ucl)' or au~ : c1pal i t y
, ~ne r.1l !und or spec i al
prope rtf ta x .

:" l or.<lo _. ____ __1__. _

s i 3t,.; ,;e .
C,n r:: Ol.l!. S idt.' C•!

:; 1 .1t •.:

1,'e teran

comm L"i.:sio ::1 .

CO:t.-:i JS5 i D O •

t1 . .

t100Je .

Te !ll?? ran· rJ nari c h,1 1 Statt"
a s5u t,1nc e .
D ir M t
r e lie!
in
a1t10unt aot t o e 1ceed cost o! ca.re i.D.

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0

a-n

d i e rs' , -S.J.110 ~' , .-1n11 lo!tlr i nes ' Fu nr.1 .

IO. . I ~h

iYJ:,. r d ot tn,~t.ees oC rl'lc
A~:-iCllD Le r i o ri .

H d oft rus t e1.!h o ! the

Atr:.•!ri C..l.O

Le. ion.

I

•······-·1

S t,,t ~ reaera.l !uod.

1-----da.._... _.

:iu t e Ve t.e r11.iu ' How.!.

t id ! r C7:n t h e
;:ita t e
Sol-

irect re l .i d

aot to

~iceed cost oC ca re
111 h<me .aod s pec i l\l
trea t me:it .

00 .

1<1.lt,n
lll1nfJi s

j

Couat y director

or

put>-

1 ic we Uare.

St.A t e De part ment or
Public Welfare .

0 __ I St.a t e \'etc rans ' liel tare
f..oMission .

--- ---· -!!-I __

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Cormuoder, qua r terma.s t er , a.r:1d retie ! committel! o! v~ t e r .1.n, • ori'an iu. t ion in conjunct i on vith overJe,:: r o!
r,oor or couD l J bvud or
comm,a s t oa~n or super·vl11-,ra.. 1

,\ naua.l report r:i.ade t o
Go-ve rcor by v,:, t eraos ' or~aniza.tion .

1-----do____ ·---1 S tu~ Soldie
r .s•, Sailors' .
Xa. r iae:s ' F uad ;i_ad
:ind

3ute iene:-,1. l tund .

Food u.d clot.h i nt: -- - 1 Couat)'- -•--· · - 1 Coit o.ty ie oer&l tu.a d .

State Ve t ~n.n'i ' Welfare
CC1f!Ur.usio:i .

FioMciol relief a nd

Commander , 1, uarte r maste r, a.nd relte ! commt tt~e or local vete r .1.:1s •
org.1. aizat i on . 1

IM)'

be

rn
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Count;· d,re c tor or publ i c welfa re .

_assl.5 taace .
Suc h 511m u
nece-ssa.rr .

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:::;~ :::::::::r~·::

::e

rn

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n

v ~so rs.

t.o :rn i"C ti c a t :
ren;.-or1H / o.~-

rn
C

.:i t.d. te ___ • .

Co /TU1!l $!!o l Dll.

~ ,1 n t or s upe r-

-4
l>
-4

"

D1r~c t r!!l1.e r . . . ..• •

,\ r .kti. n ,!:;\ .'.S • - - • • - - •

C.. dif ,..:-0 1:J.

•

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IStu e - · · -- - --- I
I

St&te e~ne ra l tuad .

County - -··--- - Co uat; a~e ra l fa.a d.

-4

0

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ladiana ---------

Coaat7 oold!ero' relief
H
Coau7
relief ,--------------------- ccaia1io■ COIII isssoldiers'
io•.
l&uu __________ H __ Coaat7 board of oocl&l State Board at Social Coa1t7 board of social
welfare.
veUare.
WeUare.
Iowa ________

Direct relief

----1 --1

Loo!olua
------- ___ _
leatact, --------,---Mahe ___________ H •• !Town, city, or plaat&tioa o•erseer of tbe
poor.

Tawa, C'J, tr, or pl&a tat loa gyeraeer of tile

Mar7la■d -------- jO -- !State Yetera■s' Coa■.is­

State Veterua'

Heceasitieo at life •• I Towasblp,clt7,
or c011at7.

Hasaacbuetts ---IM __ !Select... of tOWII, al- ,Caa!ss!o1er ~State
de,.... of c i tJ, or BoeAid ud Peu!oas.
toD soldiers' relief
c01111issiooer.

I

property ta•-

I

Towaship, cit7, or count7
1eaen.l tud Cc011 ■ tJ poor
ta.ad).

Direct relief orcare Towa, city, or T01t11, citJ, or plaatatioa
i ■ soae pil.ce other
plaatatioa.
reaen.l fand.
t Ka poorhouse.
Necessities of life State. ________ State Yeterau' Relief
azad proper care.
had.

poor.

sioo.

-------1 Coaaty -----···1 Coaat7

eo..1 ►

sioa.

lllllarll aid: Caah
allClf&ace Afficieat
to &f lord re.uoaable
relief &Id . .pport.
Soldters' rellaf:

Selectllell of towa, &1del'lll!a of cl l7, or Boet011. soldien' relief
coa.i-ssioner.

Care ia applicut 's

Towa &Id cit7.
State reiaburses total
of lat &ad 2,1
class ud ll of

hc.e or otber prop-

3d a ■ d 4tb
cl&sa alllt&I')'

er

&id.

place

or sDCh

Towa udclt711eaeral had.
State a:e■eral toad.

aapport as - , be

I

Micbi11u ________ IM __ I Couat7 soldiers' aad State Welfare Oepartsailors1 relief c01111isaent.
sioa.

Minnesota _______

IO --1 State

Soldiers'

Ho ■ e

boa.rd.

I

■ eceaaar,.

Couat7 soldier..- and Supe:nisors of each Direct relief iA such Coaat7 -·-··---1 Coaatr propertJ tu.
sailors I relief coa.istownship and ward of
&JIIOU ■ t as is aecessio■. 1
couat7. Alden1&n of
sarr. Smera:eac7 reward la iacorpora ted
lief not to exceed
cities- where there
11.0 per 1100th.
is ao ward superYiaor.
State Soldiers' HOii!! CoDDtJ&i'entsof board f sxtent and character I State -··-·--·-1 State propertJ tax.
board.
of 90ldiera 1 home. 1 at discretio ■ of

I

board.!

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0

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Supple111.en tar7 IO
proe:r.ua.
Mississippi ____ _
Missouri _______ _

__ I State

Execu.tiTe Coaacil _

State Board ol Control

--1-------------------- -1 Necessa17

relief

----1 _____ d<>----·---1 State

reaeral land.

See footnotes at end of table.

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Hoataoa ________ _
Nebraska ________ ,H __ \Count7 soldiers• relief
co•issioa.

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Couaty soldiers' relief
coa.isaioa.

1------····-----------1

CJ)

Snch ..,ount as determiaed b7
coanissioa.

be

the

I Couat7

·---·--• I Couaty propert7 tu.

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fable

......

29.-~rovisions for the Adlllinistration and Financ i ng of Direct Relief to Vet~rans-Continued

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State

Nature

or

1...

De t eni.i oati on n f ~U.gibility

Admi nis tra. t i•e res ponsibility

f.--- - - - -- - ~ - - - - - -- -+-- -- - - - - - - ~ - - - - - -----1
Sure rv 1 sory

Direct

Advi s o ry

Final

•

f'u1u c i a. l pr ov i s i o ns

., mount an d t ype
o f re l l e f

Jr. ci deoce o f

CJ)

Source o f funds

re spo nsi bi li t y

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Nevada. - ·· __ __ __ _

New 0.uJp,shire ___

, i,,ners or town oTe r seer or t he poo r.

Towo o r
fuod.

5t one r s or tavn ov~rs eer o ! the poo r .

c ou a t f

l!e De r A l

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CD

.1 s oYenee rs o r col'l" i ss i'lnL" n l!t.l)' dee111
p r ope r, a. bn ho u s e
e xcep t ll?ri.

r

n
:E

r,,

NN Je rsey ------

.

New M:ei:ico -- · - --

Nett To rk

---- --- -1M --1Bi: ecut i ve or relier

cnm-

mi t tee o f des i~ na t e d
vet e raD 5 1 orfADi?ation. 4

Re lief ,'lD d care in
Q1,111 home o r i11 .-i
s oldi e rs ' hora e or
o ther s ui tabl e State

E1ec utive or reliet c cxri- .
o!

d.e .s il!'Dat e d

Te t erans 1
tio11. '

orean i! .J.-

Dl itte '-'

I

I

Ct t7 , town . o r
c ou11tr .

I

City, t own, o r county ,ie11 e rn l fund.

No rth Ca r oli na'! _
Nor th Dakot a :. ___

0

~

M --1County so l diers' retie!

Oh io

COl!ll'li53iOD,

1Auot7 soldiers. ' r die!
cor.mi-,sio1 .

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sol-1Amoun t

Tow11sh i p o rwa.rd
diers' relief coM i tte-e receiT"es applicatiotiS aod s11b1111 t s
lht or elie i ble

DOt

s peci f ied

y p-ropertr t.u; boads
-1Co unt y --------1 Count
ma.7 be-•issued, to be f inaoced by co u11t y 1 s sh are
o [ .3tate t u oo utili ties.

applica..nts.

lll<l•h°""' ••••••••
Oreeo n

----------1 H --1County cou rt or

in coun-

t I.es with a population
or 100. 000 or 111ore an

officer isappointed b7
the boa.rd of county
COffltlhtioa~rs. 7

Relief conani ll ee ot veterus' pos t or camp. In
case t he r e is no p~t
or c&111p,a CO llDl!/ jDdie,

Sta.temeDt o f relief
extended by Te t e r u s ' pos t or camp
aa s t be tiled with
the coun ty cour t.

P.rovisioa 111 ust be
.l!l.ade as far u pra ctic&ble f o r care in
bCJIICS of beaeticiari es.

I County --------1CouotJ

property ta, .

Orders are drawn b;
the co11Dt7 cou rt or

Judr•

la !Hor ol

, uc h p<>3l or cutp.
Pea1s1h'a1ia •• • • IO • . I Stat e adjut.Aat atrnera. l --

St at (' adjuta.at r~ae ra l - -

( 1 1. • •••• • • ••

•• • • ••• • 1 Ho t a p,c ll led •. •• .. . I Su t e ••• .. ..•• 1 St u• r- ■ oral had .

z

bode Isla11d:

State _________ / H __ /State Depart.en t of Public Welfare, D1Yision
of Soldiers' &ad S&ilors' Relief.
Local _________ / 0 __ /Person doslrnatod by
town council or board
of alderaen.
South Carolina __
South Dakota

----10 --1 Eba rd of aa.aaiiers of
State Soldiers' Hoae.

StAt• O.paruieat of Publie W~lfare, DiYhion
of Soldiers' ud Sailors' Relief.
Person desiraated by
town council or bo&rd
of alder.ea.

1---------------------1 Not

specified

-------1 State ---------1 State

Hot to exceed S4 per I Cit,r or town
week per ta■ i ly.

of aa.nagers of
State Soldiers• H011e.

Boa rd

~irect relief

--------1

eener&l ruad,

--I City ortowa

reaeral had.

State

---------1 State

reaeral fuad.

State

---------1 State

eeneral fud.

Tennessee ______ _
Texaa_ __________ _
Ut&h ___________ _

Voniont

---------1 H --1 State

Board to Aid India-ent Veteraos. 9

State Boa.rd to Aid Ia-

diiient Veteru.s. 9

Selectmen of tow ■ or
city aayor investigates applica ■ t and
forwards report to

Direct relief laaouat
at discretion of
board).

board.

Vlr11inla ________ / H __ Coon tJ circuit court,
city hustings, or corporation court in cooperation with county
or city board of pension
coorn.issioners.

~hinrton

------1 H __

Veterans' oriiaaizatiOA
of applicant's residence representinii war
in vhicb veteran served.

County circuit
city hustings,
poration court
operation vith
or city boa rd of
cO•issioaers.

court,
or corin cocounty
pens ion

Veterans I organita tioa
of applicant 1 s residence representi::ir var
in which veteran sened.

Report made- of eacb Support and help
case by c01111i ttee
appointed bf camp
of Coafedera te veterans, it in existe nee, or by count)'
circuit court, city
corporation, or bustines court.

----1 Couat7 --------1 Count7

property tax,

ICounty --------1 County

property tax.

Care in hoae of 1'eteran.

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West Vireiaia __ _

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-

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rv

Wisconsin:
Temporary aid

-I

-1 H --1 Villa2e

trustees, tova
board, or co11111oa council or county bOllrd of
trustees if veteran has
no legal residence ia
tOlfn, city, or villaiie.

See footaotes at end of table.

Village trusteM, lON'D
boa.rd, or common council or county board of
trustees if veteran has
no leeal residence in
town, city, or village.

Not spec if ied, bat to
continue not loniier
than 3 lllOnths out of
year.

TClnl, city, or Town, city, or
eeneral t1J.t..d.
1'illaee. 10

1'111.a.re

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Table 29.-Provisions for the

Ad■ inistration

......

and Financing of Direct Relief to Veterans-Continued

CD

0,

Sa-

St.stc

!►. t era-hatlon o f eli i H-ili t J

A-1Mhi..str,1tiv~ respon.,5ibll i t1

tu
re l-------- --,---------+----------,---------,
of
J~v

t-Wlscoo.1 ln - Cont11.

Gen~ nl rdirf . j H .

Di r ect

54 P'-" rv i !I.Orr

I - - - - - - - - - - + - - - - - - - - - + -- -

-1

C.ounn ao ld ier!!- ' rel iet
colTUT!bsic;n.

Amount a.a.d t rpc
or ~ lie f

Adv i~ory

Fioal

Coun t y soldiers ' re li ef
comini s,ioa.

I

g f t(lwft
to,ud , boa rd o f vil-

C haiu11i.:1

I

Fi n.11ac u l proYh i oas

hddrace o r
t l'!l poas i bi l i t J

5oa rc e ot tnda

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-i

Cds.h

1:i.o t

Si~ pt.-r

t o .-:,icce.J

ICo ult:, ------ --1Cont1

m
s~ci al tu le vy.

p-er50IL

l age t r 11s l~e_, . o r
'l upe r dsoN of l'.!'.Hh
at,,rd io ci t y .s ubci t .'S
li st ci! ve t•.!r;in_s e ntitled t o re ll d.

0

16

£

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W)' om1n~ -- --- -- -- • -- -H ind icates rM.G1a t ory provi~ i on.
0 ill <1 i ut es O!it i oMl pro• i s i?n.
1Where no such oreaah:atio11 exists in a tCJWD, aid is adlli ■ istered by the OTerseer of the
poor iacoojunctioa vith a local relief c01111ittee. If tbe oYerseer of tbepoor or board of
county coaissioDers orsu~nisors fails orrefases toproYicle hDds for indigent Yeterau,
the cormtander or '}uarteraaster. must apply to the,circDit court for a writ o! 111.adaaas.
E\a appeal is allawed to circuit court of the cou1t7.
11
Sta.te soldiers' welfare 41eot, appoiu.ted bJ State Boa.rd of Control, also 1ru.ts assistance where other adeqaate aid is not aYailable to the dependent fuii17 of a Yeteraa vho
is receiving hospitalizatioa.
"Nunes mate application tor aid to the State Departae ■ t of Social Welfare or the local
publlc welfare officials. Applications 111.de to tbe local officials aast be Mde throarb
the Natioaal Association of Chil War An11 Nurses.
6upo1 written r-eqaest of Hatioaal Associatio■ of Cl'fil Var At111 N■ nes to tbe State
Oepartae■ t of Social Welfare or to aaJ public welfare official, ca.sballovuces are P"hea
bJ tbe State to Ci'fil Var narses.

•

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-i

8The .d i rec t ors of the Conf~der:\te So ld i e rs' HOllle !!LAY , &t th e i r d i5c reti o n, di sco ntine
t!'le U'.'le o f the hor.i!' a nd fu ro i5 h th e iulM.t es v l t h a ccoaaod& ti o ns eh e where, a nd ah a sac h

1rants-in-aid as shall secure to the. proper care a■ d atte ■ tioa coadaciYe totlleir •ealtll,
velfare, aEld happiness. The directors of tbe Co■ federate Volle ■'• Boae are eapowettd to
solicit aad recei'fe doaatiou for tbe parpoae of aldiaf l ■ dire■ t Coafederate voaea at
their boaes ia the Y&rio11S coa ■ ties.
7The coaaty court coasists of the coa■ tJ Jadte &ad tlle board of c01,at7 ca.iNloaen.
1The St.ate veterus' coaaissioa of tbe State Departaeat of Mili t&l"J Affairs ast &dYlse
tbe adj11tut 2eneral apoa sacb Mtten aa be - , bri ■ 1 before tbe c0111issioa.
'Board consists of 3 trustees of tlte soldiers' boae.
1
°Coa■ tJ 11Ust assaae fiauctal rnpoaslbllitJ if Yeteru llas ao le1al settleaeat 1 ■ a
tOW'■, citJ, or Yillare.

Note:

No proeru lo Al.ut&, District of Col•bla, or

a-11.

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rao111 JO.-Personal and Other Qualifications for Eligibility for Pensions to Veterans

- - --- -

--r--- -.- - State
Alab.ut\\ _______ _________

Res tJe ncf!'

! S ta t l',

-cf!ter~·,.-5· Yt-!rs OT' vid-

™ 3

1e11rs.
App lica.n t "ust
bebooa f ide cit iz en o! Sta.te .

Clos, of p,: rs on
.. li iib l f!' L

j

Wor in wh1rh serv ice

Bra nch o!

W"llS r e nd~r~

se rv ice

Provi,s i ons rr l.Uin11 t (l
r ecl!'i pt o! o t ~ r a i d whkh
disqu :ilif y a pplicant!\
1

Mhe, 1 laneous qual t Cteat i ons
__ ___ _ _ _ __
Li"lit o ! .J~ . 000 on
on 11.nn,1&1 i ncome- .

\'c tt" r .tn o r wtlt"'.or l Civil Wa. r IConr ~ erl\ til! I Anny or N11vy_
widow .
! o rce ~I .

proper t y <1nd $ l .20J

t.r izoaa. - --- - -- --- - --- -ArkAnsl\S ___ ___ ______ ___

I S ta te ,

lye:,.r t l!ft!'d i ate ly pre-

ced iae applic ati on .

Ve1 e r a.n , wid cw,

or mo t he r .

Ci v i l WAr tCoo ! e d~rat e

Arny or Na-.· y _

Cali! ol'tl ia __ __ __ . __ ___ _

No inmate o ft he Su.te Con!ede rl'lt e HOIJI" is eat it led
t o draw a ~ ns ton bu t 11'1 &>"
b~ ii iven an a l l<Mance not
t o u c:f!et.1 S5 ?'!r 111ont h .

f orces I .

Vc t e n n EIIUSt be i ndiiient or incapaci tate d
!or pe r! or 111.ance or M-n u..11 l abor. 2 lndigr.nt r11othe r, "°" unmarri ed , a lso eliG"ib l e. S500 hi!lit on property t hooet> t "'iW e l"' "'Pt ionJ a nd $25-:) limi t on an cu a l i nc o!!le .

-· ---- -- ------ 1-- --------- ---

Co l orad o •. _______ _____ _
Connfi' t icu t
Delaware ___ _ ____ ____ __ _

Flodd"·-- - - -- - ---- - ---1 $ta r"' , citi.z~n 8 years lf1l!'le - 1 Ve t. ~ra n or w1dow - 1 Civil \it 4r ICoo t~de r .,t c
~ i.lte l y pr ecc-dicg -'PPlic .1r o rc esl .
t loo..

~o r gi., ...

c;
lC

~

8.

,:i t l\ t e, ~ side n t on J a.n11i\ r y l, j \tf'te ra n or ,n d°""-1 Civil W" r 1Con t t" r1~ rn tl!"
1920 , orl'!¥.':t1be r or Sta.te re gi-1
f orc esJ .
m1;.•n t . Appl iclln t Must h,. rr-s ! dl!'nt ci t iu:n .

0

0
0
00

~

t~avr - 1 f1~c1pient may not ~cei v,. a. ! Ois.J.h l~d v e l 1.: ran
p~n s1 o n ! r 0fTI

MY l)tl\er

S tA t e o r be Cf'ID f1n!!'d t n
n.ny lns t i tut ione xcep t the
hc.•:!te fo r Contederi\ t 1~ vet rran-,. unl es sp,,! ns i on("r has
Wirf! or r, i nor c h1lddep,e-nde nt upon hi11t to r s uppo r t.

I Ar my,

N;iv)', or
Ma.rt neCorps.

l'N.St have se rv ed ,&t
have been i.o /\Ctl Vf'
se,rv 1c e a t t he c lns r. o! t ~ ,M r.

1,. a..st

l

y~ ,l r or

CD

)>
CJ)

(")

ld.1.ho _____ _ __ _ _______ _ _

Ill iaoi~ ____ ___ . ______ _
I ndiAnd. ________ __ _____ _

CJ'

'<

Ar111y or

J

~
CD
r
m

CJ)

Jo.11, • • ____ _
Kusas- - -- - -- -

See footnotes at ead of table.

•

6,
-.J

Table 30.-Personal and Other Qualifications for Eligibil i ty for Pension s to Veterans-Co ntinued

St ate

Kentuc. kr

Res 1Jenc.e

ClllSS

or~non

e ll 2 1ble

Wa r i n ... h1 c h s erv 1c•

1

l<i&.5

Su t e , s ioc.e Jan uary l. 190" -- I Ve tern o rw1 d ow

rend e r e-J

-I C1• 1!

War tCon CeJ~ r,, te
f o rces 1 .

Br a ncb o!
se rvi ce
Arllt)' or Mn .

re::~~:s~;

:t~:;a:~~\~~i:h

11

R..c.1p1~nt

-I

w1 <1r.JW

-! C 1 vi l

,•~ ~e!"l!.:

'?\3.f :io T r~et •e

f~ t! ,.r11 l

or

pen3 1or, .

Suppo rt

("l ~~ r S t at,..
of

f!IJ_! T

!.ti;,;,u rt

11p-

I

u i...l

b ... icdqzra t Wtl h
•11;&bl ,.

L.-11 : o f 1 2 . !iO:I on
C\n .i: a•H. 1 1nc i:~

t o e£ :-n

ltl.&t:: ... ..iua •.,!!

)>

lt..-i ng.

rn

11

pro~"'!! n :, 4Dd $3(:0

o f v~ te n,ns .

0

S ta t e, Yetera.n r e s 1ii!nt Whl!'D
enl h t ed or d ra!tNS.

C1v1l War , War .,..I t ~
Sp:iio , or Ph: lip p1ne
Ins urrecr 10n.
World

Ve t er.s.o, wi d t::J..'.
depen d ~o!. d11l•

~!

1de o.t

d r eo, o r pa.re nt.s,,.
Wife. de~nd ent
c h I ld r .. ta, o r
parents .

A.mf", Navy , o r

.~lot" Co r ps .

V~te ra. n. \11'1! e or
vu.low , dep,end en t
child re n, ord ependeo.t
t 1ves •

g

( ' 1- - --- ---- -

Ar-.y or

~.'1 V)' .

r ec " 1p t o f u d !rOl'I .in>·
o • t:-c r towr. o r S t&tf'! .'1.T\J
11ru t b~ ui rec e1p! or Pe,J er11. l d iu.b t tn r comper.s 1-

rt>l&-

<O

Cl.

Sta t ~ , c i tizen and res1deut
'> r re s ident in State front
Sep t e Mb '!r 15 . 1862, t o Sept embe r l, 1900 .

0
0

a-n

\'et ,•ra n !!Ust tie c.ttdY , hue i.n~ u!! icien t
1ncorie o r pr •.1~ r q· ! or se l! - suppo n.
,-,. n,j, l'l\l5t b.a·.-e ~ rv1c,e-conn~cted d.15a.t'll t •tr.

t 1oc.

.Hidtirau

~

Mississi pp

M1ssouri
M<Jn t An.l

Ncb f":&.ak&-- ----·
: l@;V

&Ja __ - - •• ••- ~ - - - - - - -

,,

::0

rn

r
rn
G)

Cf)

r

)>

Massachusetts tSut e a id 1. ! State,

(I>

::E
rn

r
V!'t !'ran l'!l'.1.•n !:)c ne~d, . W1d OW", cll ild r e11 ,
o r p,uent MU.S t h&ve bee n de~odent on
,·tn enn at t 1~ o! h i. s d euh.
0 e pe :id Nl t5 o ! df'!C' elled o r dl5a.bled vet en.ns m!l!l t be rl '!'•JY ; c.tuldren •u,s t bf"
!.I DOe r 16 ff'!&~ ot di e.

Maryland

.;:;

C

)>

S t.1.te, 5 years

their W' i.dows, and de-

pende nts.
Pensions ! or t1e pendeDts

-,:,
CD

W1 ct N ~ust b ~ O\' "' r 65 r e ars or a.~e .

War iConf t'd~ r:i.t e

-I

r

f orces 1.
M.uoc:
Pen!.1ons for Ye t en.ns.

•

Cf)

9

S tat e . ~ years -- - - - - -- - - - - - - - j Ve t eru o r

H1sce ll ,t n~ou5 qru.l 1r1 ccH iu~

11 1:~tJcd l! f ippllc .iun s

pl H'...t:U l"l ll~t ~o · ~e !/J\ '
.J"l-t y ;iro n ~ !or o r '\~ c J r ~ ~'f'coo tr;t\ t or 1.gr~e!Tl"'r. t
w1t'i J. p-rsoo llO l e
to pro\·l d~ such :.up-po r: .

Lou is ians

I-"

CD
CD

I :')t a. Te ,

J years i!'llffle'dia t el)'
pre<. e d 1n • ,1 prli c &tion . Appl1c a. tt rnus1 bf" c 1tu.~n of
!:i t -lte o'lnd Un.lled St ar ie.s.

1--···-···-···········--

v...... o n<1 d C>< • 1

I n<l tao C.mp&1i• • • • • •· •

Vf"~ran orv- id °"'e • I C iv il W~r 1Co nf ed,.r,1t e

fo re~ !.

Army · · - - -

Rec tpt!'nt "'-"'Y cot r~ce 1ve
fe Je rAl o r S u. t i!' ~nsioo .

Vt'tera.n mu~ t r: ,.ve ~erv 1c e-c o nnected 111s\lb1li tY,

Wid ow mu:st be o v!'r 60 rea r, or •ie.

-I

0

z

Applicant 1111St have sutt,red total lcaa
of sleht In servic,.

::: ;::;~~.:::::::::: 1·;;:t·:.-:~~::~·:t··t·;~·;;·;:: I Veteran'•······· 1 A01 war
liat""lt.
Nev M!xico-------------

New Yort:
Cash allowance-------

I State,

I Veteran8 -------- I Wo rld

Arny , NaYJ' , or
MM ine Co rps .

Veteran must be safferia1 from slctaeas
or disability Qf at least 10 percent
incurred betweea April 6 1 lil7, aad
November 11, 1918, and be incapacitated

en-1 Vete-rar ---------1 h y war ---- -- --- - -----1Anny , N&vy, or

appiication, and be in need ot relief.
Veteran 11ust be peruaentlJ and totallJ

resident &s of Mar 2,

Wa r

1923.

rrooo rollowlnii reiinlar e■plo:,w,nt ror
& period or &t lesst 14 days pn,cedlnii
Aid to blind Yeterans. I State. resident at t la! of
list111ent.

!-far i ne Co r ps ,

Rf!<: ip i ent 111a y not r «!ceiYf?
or be ~ntitled to r iec eive
t>eoe tit !rori1 any re t tre~at

dia&bled bJ reason or lass or al1ht,

9ys tf!m towh ichS t a t e co n-

North Carolin&---------! State, l:,ear inilediatel7
cediq application.

pre-1 Vete-ra■ orvidmf 8_1 Civf orce!5
i l W,u
l,

trl b ute1 .

lCont '!'de r"t"

I

Arfflf or

Na.vy_ l Applic an t

in-1Veteran
aust be bliDd
physical disability.

,i.ns t aot be
mate ot the Con! N erate
Soldiers ' Roi'!){" , a. syltm , or
cou at)' ho~ nor bf!' rec e i virii State si d for r elief
or blind or ma i•ed Siol-

or baTe other

d iers.a "Cl&.5 5 B" llidcws 10
~nd colo r ed se rvan ts a r e
ine li 2ible it recei n ni:
old age assi.stance .

Veteran, vidow,
or ■ inor child.

North Dakota •••..•...•.

St ate s!'.':n ice---------1--- - --- - --- - --

Veteran aust h&Ye disabilitJ incurred
in State senice.

State, 5 years---------------1 Veteranorwidow-1 Ch il Wa. r tConrederrs.t e] Ar my or ,'-lavy.
t orc.esl .

Limit o! 12,000 oa propertJ and S500 on

Ohio ••••..••.......•.•.
Otlahoo,a

annual incoae.

~iiou

9

[Q

Penns7lYania

;;.
(l)

a

0
0

-

00
( i)

(")

Veter&a 11

-------1

Se rvlc f" of the St,\t c
s inc e Hare.ti 4 , 16151.

Veteran aust h&Yese"i.ce-connected dis&bllitJ.

-I
l>
CD

r

Rhode Island

m

en

,!!

C;

CD

►
en

force st .

South Dakota __________ _
Stt footnotes at ead of table.

•

......

CD

<D

....

Table W.-Personal and Other Qualifications for Eligibility for Pensions to Veterans-Continued

Te nnt?ssee - - - - - - -- -- - - --

Tcta...~

Class ot ~rson
eligiblc- 1

Resid ence

Sutr

I" I

------ 1 (

Utah

115

Wa r in which se rv ice
wa..s rendered

VeLera.11 o r wtdowu~ Civil Wa. r \Confedera te

resident

Bru.ch of

service
Al"'IIJ

Provisions relat iD!l to
receipt of other a i d which
di5qualit, apphc.iats

···- -----1 Widow

AaJ

not r~eiv~ pen-

forcesl orl"e x icanBol"-

~ion f r CWII a.nr othe-rsource- .

de r Se rvicte .

Ve t e ran 1111St not b~ el1·g ible f or Pederal J)#!n."ion
or pens io.n !rOCI .s.nr ot ~r
State . Pen3ioner 111us t 11.pply f or old age <\.5519 tance
a.Pd &!'IOUDt or {)':IL'iion l'IIUSt
be ri;-d.uced by a.mount of
old &fe dSSLSUOCe tr.toted.

Vete r &.D or wi do.i _j CiYll Wu · !Goa.federate
!orce5 lnr bor d ~r ~e rv ice d uri ni soch Vi\r.

)

Sta te , bona tide

I

21 Veteranorwidow"- 1Ci...-il W
ar- - --· ---- ---1

<D
0

(fl

Veten.11 111.us t be disa-h lN or d~ e rv1n1. 16

Ar mr or

ined

m
C

CD

r

(")

::,:

m

0

ens 's Home.

r

m
Gl

(fl

Sav:,_1·--·-----· ·--·--·--- --------1 Ve te r an

~ust be ~n ne_ed,b f!'Caose of s ici-

Was hing t on

West Vi r gi n ia __ _____ ___

0

-

~
ro

l>
-I

0

z

.I Ch'il Wa r

Ve.tera.n o rw i d ow 9

! orce,: I .

(Con! ~e ratel Ar11::, , ~avy, or
Har ioe Corps .

:i

C°')

;o

r

aess or o t he r d 1sab 1l 1t r .

~

~

l>

m

h.u a.s ylo111 orSuu

Ve r l!Kln t

cg·

.,,

r
1
"

penitentiary. if o! f)l'!'Osion p&id 1! a.dmitte,::1 to
the Stat e Confe>dfl'l ra te A~
or State Coo f eden t e- liOGt-

1e&rs .

V1qi: i n i a -- ------------- l S tat e , 2)'ea.rs; count J , l year .
Applicant mus t be c i t izea .

-I
l>
-I

-0

A.nnJ or ~avr - 1 Ma7 not r ece ive .101 othe-r l Vetieran o r 1t ide'M must be- inditea t.
Su t ~ r,--ns ion nor be con-

!

•

Miscella.o~ous r.,,ualific.1.t i ons

Recipien t ma.7oo t be in.mate ! Veteran mus t be disab l ed aDd ill aee-d be -

of the Con f ede r ate Sold i.e rs ' H0111e .

caase ot .age. Limit of $1,000 oa prope rt t a Dd Sl, COO o a a.nnaal i nc oar . Wi d ow , i! othe rwi s e e li g ib le ,wasdcse r te d
or no t -s upporte d by basband.

Wiscons ia - -- -- - ••• - ---Wyoming
1Vet er&n' s depe ndent■ a re e lig i ble tor peasio119 it t he ...-et e ra 11 himse lf bas or had t~

1270 r ece iYe &dd i tiOM l pHsion pr m ided f or bt Pal rfleld Count7, applicant 11aat h&•e 10

necessary q,ualU ica t i ons. Whe rever qualifie&lious for depe,ade ■ u. &r e spec it icall1 s t ipulated, the ,-ete ra n hl naelf ■tl8 t also haYe qua lif i ed. A peas i M t or tht widCN of a • e t e ra n
Is pr""ldod If t be .. t eran WU ellrlb l e aad she WM li•ln11 wi t h hi~ u t h• ti ... of his
deat b. h aOIM' States t he vidar aua t have arried the vete ra1 pr ior t o a 1pec it ied dat e .
ZOl■ab iU t y becaue of are. acc idellt , or dis eue.

rears ' residet1Ce la State.
1 8
Res ideat ■ o f State or f of'lller r es ide nu of State vho haYe retaned toS tat e, 1 1'f&r S tat -..
res idence ; veterans c011.h 1 h t oS t ate trC111 othe r St ates , 3, 1ea n 1 State resl de ■ce ; wld CJWB
of •etP.r aM, 3 rean' State resldeac•.
14 C.O l °""d coon and aerva■t a of Ye ter•• are ala o elt1 lbl• f or penato• .

'aeqaire•ot applies to Florida Teterau. llellbers of •llltla of ot~erCodeclerate Statn
••t uve reolded la Florida !or 15 yean.
4 Nann are also elirible
for pensiOl!I.
'c!YU War, Indian Cupalra, liar with Spala, PlllllpplH Ianrrectioo, Ckin Relief 1!.1peditioa, Mexicaa Border Se"ice , or World War.
•Al'W:1' •et'l'aau v~o are hwSlce ■ t aad disabled are ellrtble for peaeioaa.
"u, penoa iacludiq ■ unes. re111Lar1Y ealisted. co•issioae<l, appoiated, aatert'd.

or iadacted hto tlle u..Yal or ailit&rJ forces of tbe U■ ited States ll&J' recehe peas i ona .
1 A special appropriatio■ is a.de br tbe State to aeet 11.eeds of Ch'll War &"'f aunes .
1 Appllcut nst aot hold a pvblic office pa:,hr u aocb u S300 aaauallJ 111or Clf11 propertJ of tu Tabe of 12,000 or aore, bot •1 be 1i.,.en aid if uu.ble to earn a lbio1.
10 1 -Clua 811 widow i■ Oie wbo as Mrried prior to January l, 1680, or one wbo is OYer
60 fears ol ar• ud aarrled prior to 18911.
11 Tlle widow , 11ioor cbild, ordependeat parent of a deceased ltellber of tffNatioul Gu.rd
wllo died ia liae at da.t.J •1 receive a pension ■ ot to e1ceed 125 a aoat, .

1 "DnerTlll( Tetena la defl•ed u a Yeteraa O'ter 'I'& ,,an of ace wlO 6 11011tb1 or -,,e
of terTlce. No peuloa - , be paid to
pen,oa u a deaerTlq Tearu who owaa proper11
assessed at Sl0,000 or O'ter.
11 1'1!u!o.. rrauecl tonterus who caatoTe,:u prior to Jana&rJ' l, 1Q28,
••d to wld0WS

••1

of aucb •,eteraa wlllo llli.Ye beea boa& fide reiden.ts of the State since Jan.uarJ 1, 1Q28.
Veterau of the allltta of other Coafederate States aist b&Ye coae t0Te1aa 10 rears prior
to ti• of •kiq applicatio■. Soldien or widows, U orer 88 JHrB o1 aee, att entitled
to peasiOGS II tlleJ b&Te btta booa !Ide clthena ol Te1as dace Jan&rJ' l, 1Q36 . All &pplicaata for peastoaa •••t becenUted u beia, boa& fide re•ldeats· of coant7 for e W>atb
prececllq applicat loo.
•
17 Applicaat, OT applicantaadwtfe to,etller,-, aot on real OT personal propertJ (e1cluhe of bOllll!Stead) <>f •• aaseaed Y&lDe ia e1cess of 12,000 and personal effects in
excess o1 Sl,CKX> aor rKehe iac011e la e1cea of 1300 per aanu.
Note:

No prorru la Uull:&, District

or Colallbla, or llawall.

Cll

~

-

(')

0

--4

;;;

Cll
,-

~
(l)

J>

m

C.

CJ)

~

....•
....

L)
0
0

-

00
~

~

Tao/e 31.-Prov i sions for the Administration and F1nanc1ng o f Pensi ons to Veterans

Su.t e

NAtun•

Admi oi :li tra ti ve r e s p00.:nti i l 1 tr

1 of

Ar.io ue t o ! pen;o:, i on

------- -- 1M. •

Su;:,erv i s.o r-:;

Direct

h•

\la b.\.m,t

Detem1na ti oo ot e li ; ibility
Pi:ia l

Adv iso r;

State Pens ion Corimisston.

AppliCll ll Oll tiled w1t h
pmb1t.te j udge o f co unt;;
o ! r c'i idett C'~ who is T. lie

t->

(0

j
1

St C1.t e Pe-nsi00 CortD111 5,!Ho11.

county ~c. s i on. comM1 s siq oe r . Ap pl 1cat1 0 :i
fo N11rd'!d by p robat e
judge to St .1. t e a.ge ne/ .

Vc.•t e ra.as, $150 qua f"f (' rl J , wid•Ms
90 y,!a r ~ o f &l[e o r o \·~r, $W
-, un rt ~r l)'; wir1aw 3 und e r 50 ;•e,:1. r-3
o ! ,'\ ;;e, $60 q u.1nerl1; wir1ows

N

L

•

F1 n.L.'l t:: l.1l µ r ovt ~ions

l:i c i l~nce o f
r ~ •'l~Vln!'>lt:n

St.\ t c:

l l t;·

I

Y.,u r ce ol

!uo rts

--- -----1

()

c e ived pe ns i o n anj t '> in in,;,u e
hosp i t ;'\ l, $60 1u1rte dr.

=E

m

Con! e r!ertt tc Pen:s 1011
Fun,1 der 1ve<l Crcri
.5t::i t c propert;, t.u:
.ic d 12 pe rc e nt or
bt•verJ.(!e u r fund.

M. • •

-n

m

r

m

G>
(/)

r

)>

-l

Geo r i?ia ____ _____

I H __ I State

Depar t ment
Public Welfare .

or

$tale Depilrtl'l\ent o!
Pub lic Welf a re.

~

0

)>

.;o

Co lora do _______ _

<1>
C.

Qo

,,

Califon1i.a ___ __ _

S50 per r,onth .i.nri $5 c1ddi tional
l)'!'r moo th for pe n!!1oners who lost
an eye , Coot , or ha.nd i0 act ua l
Ci vi I War S~ rv ice.

0

0

C

r

Fl ond.1. • .• • •• .• • 1 M. • I Board.a! county com-I 3 t ate 8oa r d o! I Boa rd .of coucity c ommi ss i one r s .
Pen~ i on s .?.
111 i s5 1oners .

0

-0
CD

Con nec ticut· - - --

.:.·

-l

m

r

t otall y bl 1t1t1, $90 '1 ~..l. rt '! rl !, ;
wif ~ of in sane ve t e r<1n who r ~

Del..l w-a re •• • -- •• •

~-

-l
)>

Con ! e,l~ra t. '::! Pe or~10 :1
Fu:id 1~t- r1ved from
Stu. t ... rrnpc rty t.n.

Arizona ___ ___ __ _

A.rkao.sa.s

(/)

Di rec t o r o! c o un ty boa r rj
o f public wel!a re ce rti! ies a pplicant 1 s res i de nc e and senic e .

I St ,H e

State pro perty tax .

Ve t er&.n a odwidow, $30 ~ r 111011.th _ I S tat,e ___________ f State cencral !u.nd ,
hig hW'a,y fund , p rop"! r t y l a.I , Md c iea r and ciia r ette
U ,J ,

Idaho

Ill ino is __ __ ___ _
lnd i &lla. --- -- ---.

l a.a
Kansas ___ _____ __

Ken tucky

------- -1H--1 Dlvis i oa of Confede r -

ate pens iou i n t he

Su. t i! Milita ry Depar tinea t.

Dhi ~io11 o r Conf ede r a t e peas i ons in t he
Stale Hi ll t ary O.-

pa r tme11. .

Judge of co 11 a t 1 court,
&h e r hearin g , fo rwards
A[ip li CAtion t o the diYia i oa of Conf ede-n. t ipeaa i ou ,

$50

pe r

month'-- ---- --------- --- 1State

Sta te

ge ■ era l

Cun d .

0

z

I St.ate

Departnent of
Public Welfar, .

Department ot
Publ te Wel!are.

Lo ui s u na ___ ____ , H __ ,:it.L te

..,.
~ !1A in~:
j:: P~ ns io n:1
0

f

i•...

(or

veL!!ra.Jb, t!lf:'ir
widows and d e -

IH --1 State
~p.1.rtment of
Health and Welfare

State r>ep a.rtment of
He,1.lt h 4nd Welfare.

Not to e1ceed

S(,1)

per month'--·-' State

Stlte propcn)' t u .

-----1 City,

City, town, or plantation ...,eoeral food.
State eeneral tund.

Not to exceed Sl2 per 11100th

town, or
1•lantation .:l Ub-

Ject. to reiinburscmen t
by

pendents.

State tor total
Pen s ions

for

,\1110U 01'

I H IState

St&te Department of

fJe pnrtflli.'D t o f
Hea lth and We lfare.

de~ndents of
veterans.

Healt h .J.nd Welfare .

Dependent wif e , hthe r, or mother,
$7 per week. Depe ndent children,
$3

City,

p.,ir\,
t own ,

or

rl.lD l ..'1.tlOD ~ub-

pe r wee k.

j ec t t o reinb u r sc Ptf" n t by
S t.l.t e for total
J. l!hJUlll va if1,

City, town, or plantattoo 2ene ral fund.
State general fund.

Maryland-------H as3 a ch u ""~ t t:1I M __

t~ute :11'11.

j Select11>en ot

t own ,

C'-OffU!ilss i one r o!
A. id ,, ad

alL!e r n~ n o f u t,-,or

S t.J.te

Bos t on so l•her,;' r e -

Pen.i ions.

lie !

col"l'll'T1 1.i;s 1one r ;
Co~ 1ss1o n•~r <lf Stat ~
Aid ,Vl'1 P("D :S t OGS a.dm1ai.-ster~ a.iJ t o

l1 e !

Ctl l!ZltJS toncr;
(I:im.1•11 '5 .s 1n nt: r ot 3 t,\tt!
4 1J t\nd P1•at. 1on:, ,1.d -

• 1n 11H~ r s

:s.iJ

Se l ec t :tt"n o f t ™ n ,
4ldt>nr: e o o r c it;· , o r
Bo3 t on soldie rs ' ~ -

to

ours e 3 . 5

nurr,. e,3 .

1s t c l.,ss p~11s i o ner rec ci res t
or Ft"".k r.1. I p,e,ns 1on, 11o t eiceedtni

Town 1,)r cit;· s. ub-

tl O ~r r.t0at h : o the r 4 c l .s'S.ses,
~10 pe r mo:it h ; no non• t La.c. $20

bu r :H'11'1e 11t by
S t ,l t-: ! o r t o tal

ru)· b,: p., id

a.a:11ou0.t p.-iul.

a ll

Ji: C t

in an;- 1 mon th ! o r

dt!~ ndeot
pens 1oae r.

n:la tives

of

to

~10! -

Town , ci tJ, or State

ee oen1.l fu_nd .

l

M'i ch i ii a.a _ - - -- · -HU1 ne:3 o t:s. __ _____

I M__ l 3 t.it~ .1.dJ uta n t

gl'! n-

$t.L'\ t c

,.rat ,
H 1=1 5 1:i. :,d p?1 __ __ -

IM-- 1C.:O u~ t y

,' \dJut;:u t

e- en-

$12 pe r "°nth tor U ! e __ ____ 9••- 1Statr _ ____ ______

bo.ud o!

'1_ u1ry.

10- 1S~ .1. t ~

P~ n r; i on

1...0rrrrns ~1 o ne r .

I Co uot y
1. u 1ry.

00,u d o f 1n-

Ye t er:1.n Qr w1 dow o r ve t ,:- n.n i r
w-1J{.M wa.~ 11'...\ rr led p n o!" to Jo1.nutt ry l, l A65 . s .;c pe r \l\Onth ; W' l..!ow
o f vete r.111 mr rt ~d bP tw ~e 11 Ja11 1u q· l, 1966 , ..1nd J.t.nu.J.r:,' 1. lS75,
$2 5 ~ r l"IOn t h; lil d t.M of vet e r an
,..,. r rit:d Letwec a J.1n:uil r}' 1, 18-75 ,

,u1 d ) a!lu,uy l . 1900.

Sl ~ per

,ion t l1; bl1 nd wid CJo':> ot ve-t~ ru s

g

toJ;1n u,, q·
1, 1~ 6. $3( pe r 11tOot h , :ser\-'.uts
o! vet~ r~ns , SlO ~r runth .
1( :t\,Hrl !:'11 3 UbS"""l \h! Dt

'-0
N

<ll

Q.

Mi !is ouri _____ __ _

~

'f oat .ln il ____ __ __ _

C")
0

Ni:l>r &!:o L't _______ _

a( i)

l Su te

general fund.

e nl.

1u~ \ 'h(1 ,l •• _ ••••• ••

.-iee root ao t e.:> at ~a d o t uble .

I S t.J.t e

I

$ ta.t e £eoe r al tuc.d .

Cl)

lii
(")

---i

l>

Cl)

r
rn
en

•

to

lu.>

Table Jl,-Prov i s i ons for the Adalnlslralion and Financ i ng of Pensions lo Veterans-continued
Na-

Arim i nis tra. t he respoas ibili. t 7

Detemi aa t ioa of clifi bi tit/

1o11rer--~~=---l---=---~---t----=:_::'
..'..:.:_::..'..,'._~~_.::~~~'..:.____j
t

Stale

......

~
D1 rect

law

Su·peirvi so r)'

Fi nal

F'in&ncial provisi ons

AJ10u11t of pens i on

Adv isor1

lncldeace of
re sponsi bi 11 t7

~ urce o f f unds

;;t

N~ Hamps h ir~ ___

Hew J e rsey

--- ---1 M --

Sta. t e ren.eral fund .

c ra t .

Cas h al lowance-

r

-I H -- 1Ve t e ran

rdi e ! commi ss i oner u burea.u
tor the reli c t of

5ict 40d r1bablcd
New York veterans i:1

Ai d

to

blind

IM

veter&lls.

the 1his1on o!mili la r 1 a. ad aa. val llff.1.irs o ! the e 1ecuti ve depa rt11en t.
.. , S t~ a .i.dj u ta.ot eenen.l.

North CaroliH __ M ___ Sta t e

Boa r d o f Pe n-

s i oas.

Sute

adj ut a.nt
reoeral.

I

Veteran retie! C()(ll •is.siooe-r iD bu reau
fo r the relier of
sick 3 Dd d i sa.b l ed
New To r t veten-D s io
the dhisioo al tllili ta r ; and nAVAl a !!ai rs of the execut lve depa r t11tent.

Vetera.os'

certifies

o r ganitat t on
appli cant' s

eliflbility .

State reneral tuad .

lH .. j Sta te

:E

m

r.,,
)>

~

r-

m

----------1State

3La.t e aene ral t u d.

··-··· ---·-1Sta t e

St ate e-ene r al ha d . ti

S500 a nnuall y to r lite
The countr pens iot1 boa. r d
ce rt ities applicant 1 9

~
;;:;

~

-~C')

adjutant cen- 1Gove rno r ..• . ••• 1St.ate adJa t ut een-

e~.

0

Ohio
alcl ahOf!IZI. ____ ____ J M • • State Cauli9sione r o f

I

Peasio!ls .

SlOO to S420 p,, r year

Pea.5iom. in iUI &11oua t v bicb perso.a s
ua~ r similar ci r cwt5 t u ce swoald
recehe tr011 the Ua ite d S tate, .

e~ .

St ate Coamissioae r o!
Pe nsions.

Couut7

Su te D!!pa r ta.e at of
Mi litary Atlalrs.

State nte raoa• co11111 l 11.'1oa makes i ovestiga•
t iou aad rec~oda•
t i on to U'le St a. t e de-

Judge

fo rwa rds

app li c.atioo to c0m1issione r .

0

an

I

Sta te 1eneral h i d,

Pe nsiooers oTe r ?0 rea rs of age , I S ta t e ► - -- - - - - -- -! State reae ral h ad .
S27 pe r roat h; widows 60-70
r ears ot &£e , S20 pe r aont b i
wi dows u .der 60 ye a. r s o f are ,
Sl. 5 pe r month; a.ad persoas i a
so l d ie rs ' ho,ae , $5 pe r DK>at h.

pa rt11e1t .
Rhodf! Isla ■ d · - ··• · ··-•·

dorl ae d i s a bility or uot ll federal pe u i o■ h recehed. '

en

r-

)>

-4

I State

S8 p,, r 1101th, to coat i n e 0011 I St.ate

G>

0

Oreeon ___ __ _____
Pe.nsyh'a 11ia • ••• H --1 Sta t e Departmen t of
Hlli t arr AUa irs .

(")

m

Sta. le a.djuu.ut gen e ra l.
Stat e Board of Pe ns i ons.

130 per lllOD t h; S.10 eJ.tra !or ck-- I Stat~
pendent 1i1 i!e or w-idowed ■ o t~r
aad !,5 tor each other depeodeat.
Hot to e 1ceed S250 per rear .

elieibili ty .
North Da. kota •.••

"ti
C:

CD

hew Mexic o __ __ _ _

New Yo rk:

•

en

-4

)>

-------- ---1

Stat e rener&l fuad .

z

So■ t~

Carolla& •. IH .• I Cooat1 board of •oaor.f •••••••••••••••• 1Couty board cl booor • , •••••••••••••••••••••••• Coatederate Yeteru, 1240 per u1u; • vldowa arer 511 7ean of
•l•• SlW per &11u ; l<idowa 46511 rears ol a,e, 11.25 per uua;
9erTa ■ ll , ~~r &UIUlj udpu1loaen la aoldlers • lu..,. Ill)
per &UU .

SMtla Dakota ... .........

State ••••••••••• , State re■eral propert7 tas ud rneral had. 1

1.......

Teuusee ...... • fH .• IState llo&rd of Pu• lo ■ lxulaen.

Te:raa ••••••••••• fH •• feo.u, J•d1e •••••••• 1················ 1Coa•tr

Otall •••••••••••• IH •• I State attonae,

eral.

;:::~ ........ IH ..

I

re■•

State co.pt roller • ••

Aid I ■ h°"" I ■ Un of pealca, _ State ••••••••••• 1 State re■eral had.
Teterau, MO per ma.tit; wldolill,
120 per aoathi adaetTUta , 110
per 111>atb.
J•cltre •••••••• , •••••••••••••••••••••••• llarrled Yeteru liriat vlth vife, State •········••I State pcopert1 ta,.
15) per aoa th; -.rrted Teteru,
vldofer, orvldov, e per_O, :

St•te Board of l'l!Dstoa lual ■en.

1················1

State attonae1
eral.

1••·

Departaeat c0111U.1der of

Graad A"'1 of tile lopablic preMatawrlttn
reqoest la behalf. of
appllcaot.

Cub peaslo1 aot to exceed 11.S I State ---·-·-····1 State 1eural hid.
per aoatb.

1.. .............. I

State COllptroller ••• Circait caart ol coaattn 11a1 ..d ud disabled or bli ■ d or State • •• •••• ••• • I State 1eaeral fud ,
ud hut lap or corpo- deaf •eterau . S'50 per ,ear;
Yeteraaa vltlt iafiraltiea of a1e.
rattoa cOlrt of cities
vitb tbe c01.1t1 orcitJ
1360 per rear; widows, aarried
before Ju,ar, l, 1890, or o•er
board of peulo• c_.
7:) 7ean of a,e, $120 per rear;
■ lssl011.ers certUJ tbe
applic&Uoa.
blind widows, 1240 per 7ear.
Nnrses l ■atrou I, Sl.20 per 7ear;
sen·uts. S96 per 7ear.

ll&shlll(lOD ••••••
Weu Vitti ala .. .
lllscouh .... . . .
"1cal ■ 1 .••..... .

0

~
;;;

'"a.

!:l

CJ
0

~

-n

H i ■dlcates aad&tor, P""'isioa.
1 Tlle State l'l!asloa Clal• ea.lttae - t ia•eat11ate the peulo■ rolls ud ceae tbe
State l'l!aslo■ Board to ,._,,.. all l■ ell1ibles.
'"r1le State Board of 1'1!■- loas, after a proper hearhr, aayilaTe hellflble■ ........i rrca
pees lo■ rolla.
8S!O per ao1tb for eacl ell1ible Yeteru; 160 per -,ult. for wtdoW of ••cit. fftera• if
arrted prior toJaaurr l. l87S: 140 per aoatlt. for wi dow of aac!I Yeten.a U•rried prior
to Juur, l , IMS, bi t nbeeqoe■ t to Jua■ r, l, 18'10; S30 per 111>atb for vid<M of secb
...,,.,.. U •rrled prior to Jua■ r, l, 1915, ud sabseq■e ■ t to Juur, l, l81l0,
4
Applicut ... t appl1 for old are uslstuce, ud the - t of Confederate peuloe
•st be redaced b7 tbe &110aat of old are aulstuce rruted .

co

l>

U)

"cc..lulo■er of State Aid ud l'l!ulo■ s cleter-.hee all co1troTeraies betveea peulo■ ers
t01f11 ud cl11 aaUorl ties , Appeal - , be tate■ f.,_ Ua deter-.latlo■ to tbe GoTer ■ or
.
ud COD■ Cll voe declsloe ■Ut be Uaal .
"coeat7 co.lso l oeora UJ leT)' special poll ud propert1 \&.le& h order to hcreaae tbe
peulou If tber deea It &dTia&ble .
'Peuloa tot nceedl ■ i S2!i •1 be paid to the vidaw, ■ laor cUlclre•, or depetldHt po.real
ot &&1 aeeber of_tbe Natloul Gurd or of the Nan.l forces w•o died frca l ■Jaries recehed
ia aenlce ; &d■ l ■ l ■ tered b1 \he State l)eparL. .■ t of Hllltar, Affairs loptioaal lawl.
8
Addh loul peulou of 1125 ud 1100 per 7ear paid to nterua of Fairfield ad llllliaaobart Co■ atln. respectl...,lf l ■ud&tor,I; flauced b7 propert7 ta,es.
llote: No pro,ra I■ Alaska, District of Col•bla, or Raval!.

■ 1d

(')

....

l>

co
r
IT1

U)

....•

~

....<.o

Table ;.? .-Pers on al and Other Qualifications for El1g ib 1l 1t y for Institutional Care for Veterans

0)

Wa r ia vh !. ch

Class or pers on
eliaible 1

R~ 1de nce

Sta t e

Pr orls10TL'\ r e l at1a;
I t o r ~e 1pt ot ot he r
a.i d whi c h dls q_ua. l1 f y

I

Bran.ch ot
~ervice-

service was
re nd'!'red

&ppl ic&D.t

AlabaAa

Stat e, l year 1tm1ediateh
prece d1Di a.ppl1c a t1 oa.

Vt- tera a &ad Wl ( f"- ---- -- 1 Ch-1 lWar tCoa. f ed·

Amy o r

II

•

Mi s cell ll t1e ous Qoalifi. cat1ons

S.ur- l---h•h•-- ---- ------ 1V'!' t e ra n 111ust

b- lad Jit"D ! . Wat ,. O!" v 1ll l"IW :11 us t be 60
years a! a.ee.

I

'!rate ! orct!5 1.

C:

I

Arkans 113:

St ate Confed~ra t e
Ho~.
Anaex t o State Con-

I

Horir ,

pre cediai admi.ssioo to
h~ .

Co l orado

Sta.te-, l yea r imll'ledi a telr

pn~cedina &pplic&tion or
~ rv i~ i n St a te r eaimen t.

0

ConoKticut •R •··- ---- 1 State .2yean cont iu ously it a noare-9 id ent , o r

Del.an.re

"<

Florida

0

a-

ffiO t

Se rv ice o! t~
· united St11.tes .

dAlli!H e r ,
s I.S t er , 3

Daur ht~r has 110 cbild ab!e t o s :J pport t:i~r .
a e ot depe cadenu •itst be a d1T1 it(ed.

he r .

Wife o rv idow , 'lU1a rr 1ed

"ot her ,

or

CiTll ..-ar tUnion
f orces I .

I

Army or

~ ...... ,

A.a.7 var

Corps .

Ida ho

r:;i

Illi nois :
Stat e Sold l trs ' &t\d
Sailon ' H0111e.

State, l year's r-6 i dence
iD111edl1,tel y prec~iae: &pplic at i on.

Ve t e r an

State, rel i dent when e11 list•d . 1

Voter• ••

CiTil War ICon te-d e r ate f orc es I.

r

Wif e

mus t !:-e a.n i a\·&ltd , ove r !':10 years o f are, or

rurri e d t o ve te ran pri o r to 1 912 . Wnes MY ht'
a.drnitte-d i t ve ter.s.n i"- l nv&lid ,ud c are ot t he ·o!e
is re1u i red.
Inv a l 1d Ye t e ra ns and
~~ nd e o u 111&7 re -

Veterao

4-lld

ltl

must be iadiaern v i t b 1a&d~q1.1a.t ~ suppor t
need ot s urrical c .'\ r'!' .

Amy or Savy _ Care in hocnedoe-s not

cause torteil ore of

--------- ------11 ' 1

Vetera1 aad vlte- 1 · -- ---1 C tv ll War, War
wlth Spat ■ , ~ • 1ca ■ Borde r Se"-

A.raJ , Nu·,, or

Karine Corps.

Ca re h hoine i a Uea
ot pension .

Vete r an .-a.s t be unable t o main t ain sdf bttauae of
are , infimit1 , or pove r tr .

Ana1 , Nu1 , or

Ha-I .. Co rps .

I

Ar-., , kav7 , or
Marine Corp, .

>

l'T1
G)

~ nsio• .

Geor ii&

.,,

:::0

cei ve di r~t r'!'li~t
in lieu o f int i n-

Veteran ·· · ····· · ··· · --- ! CinlWa r !Coatede r ate torces l.

:E

l'T1

r

l'T1

.

------ --- 1Anny , Navy , o r
K&,-u,e

Ind i -

Vet e u11 a1ust be a.ied aad u u1 1geat .

A.my , Nav y , or
Mar ~ Co r ps .

Veteran, ,dte or wid oit - 1 Any w&r --- - - - - ·-1 A.my, SaYJ, or
Mari..ne Co r ps.

Vete ran"

r

mos t oe ud l e~r. t .

t iooal ca.~.

~

C;

I

Ve t~ r u

__ ___ do _____ __-- 1---- - do ___ __ .

res iden t of State when
enlisted .

'f;;;

cr

dauifhter, or

Sta.t~. bona !1de r~ ideot , Vete ran
! o r 6 ye-ars irrunediately
p r e-c ~ina application.
S tate, l 7e.1. r i 1'11!1.ed111.tel7

CD

I___ __________________

(")

Wife or wid ow , dependen t

f ederate Ho~.

Women ' s Reli ef Corp!'S

C ivil War _______ j Amy or Nav,_

Vetera11

California : 1

Califoro ia.

)>

l'T1

--0

An 1 011a

Ve t e r a ns ' Ho!!W! o f

....
....

(./)

-,.--- - - - - -- - -- - - -- - -- - - -

Wlte

••t

be

at Leut 50 rean of aa• and be mar -

ried to •eteran at least 10 ,ran ; .-ete-ra• oaat>le
t o eara a l l• t!llhOOd bK au ■e of Jlb1■ ica l d ia&bl lity ,

(./)

r

....>

@

ice, or World
War.
Se rvi ce of the/ Al'l'll' or Na•Y Veteran's ~other, wife
United States,
or vidOlt, or dauehter.

Stat• Sold i•rs' Wld- / Stat,, l rear
ows' Ho,..,

Veteran 5 _______ _______ _ World War

State H- tor th, 1------ ---Rebabllltatlon ot

-·-··----------··----

------1 Anny,~..,. or

Depeldnt - t be ildlrnt aid with hadequte ""Pport aid becaue of 11e1tal or pby,lcal dlaablllt1
nable to ean a l!Hllhood,
Veter&■ 11at be •■tallJ iDcapac1tated.

1t,ri~ Corp!I,

fforld lfarYetems.
Indiana

State, 2 yean it1111.Niiately

I Veteran, wifl"' or

vidCJ1t 5 _ ) An7 war _______ _

ArllQ', N&•Y, o r

I I' !

Harille Corpo.

preceding application.

Vet•ran mt be deetltute and disabled becaae of
aeMlce-connected 41aabllltlesj wife 11111t be mer
45 1•ars of •••; wife or wid'"' nat b&H beel 111rried 2 rean prior to &pplicatioa. 10

l01ta

State, 2

year·s----------- 1Veteran,

Kansas:

State Soldil!'rs' Hoae_ j State , 2 ye4rs i mmed i &tely
prec~ina &pplic ,1ti on .

Ho th er Bic k.erd ~k:e

Annex t o State Sol-

I Ve teran

'lfif~ or 'll'idON". / Service

of' the
U11 i ted States.

and dependent

I Mari~

I (11 1

1

Veteran ■Wit be needy. Wife or widov ••t b&Te beea
aarried &t least 10 years prior to application.

Ann.., , Na.Ty, o r

Veteran 11ust be disablf?d b~ause of woaDds. diseue,
or old aee, have no adequate meau of aa pport &Del
likel:r to beccae a public c harge. Wife ant be
at least 50 Y!!&n of a,e or needed to care for Yeteran. 11
Children ■ u s t be uader 16 rears of a.,e or iacapable
of sapportin, the•ebes by t heir own labor.

Mar i. ne Co rps,

family.

1------------- ------------- 1Wdren,
1dow,

Anny, NaYJ, or
Co rps.

11

dependent cb. il- 1 1
or lltOther. 15

- - 1-- - ---do ____ _ _

diers' Horrie .

Ken t UC k.y •. - - - - - - - - _. _

Loui.9 iaM

St ate, 5 yea rs pri or t o
,1.pp lic at i on.

I Vetera.:i,

wife or wi.Jow _

I Civil War IConfed- 1 Annr or

~ ....,, _

e r.!l.te t orcesl .

I R!'c 1p i.ent may no t re-1 Vetenn mus t
ceiv!'uyot her St&t e

be - . i ~ or disabled becaue of 1e"ic t- or u!i ra because ot sickness or old aee.

&ld,
M4i l1'!

co

!-t.uf ta. nd

)>

Ka..! s a.c bus et t.9 - - - - - - --

0

cg·
;;.

Mic h iaa.n :
State So l d i e- rs ' EC(Ple_ l S t.n r-, 5 Yt- i\~ 1!1'11l'1 N1a. t ely

C;
0
0

-

00
(v

Any wa.r

·-- ---- -1

Arny, Savy , or
!urine Co rps .

~t rv ic t i n Sta te r e ci ll'lent,

~:.:::vice ace red Ited toI

~
Do r 111i t o rv t o r Ex nur~ a r,J Ve t e rans 1
De pe nde nts.

S t a.te, 5 co n, ec u~1 v t- f "!a.rs

p r ec"din~ o1.r1pl1c ,1 ti o n.

See ! oo t no tf"5 at e nd of ta.b l e.

Cfl

Veteran ■ ust be disabled br disease, woulds, or
othen,Ue, without adequate Jle':1 115 of support, aid
by reason of disability incapacitated fro:n eaniar
a livin,.

-I

n
I Ve t e ra. o

p r ec t d 1 Ufi: .1 ppllc at i o n.

"'a

No personal qaalitications prescribed bJ statute.

Wife o rwidow o rrrother 13 _

I" ) __ ---- - --- -- 1-- -- -do __ ____ _

l'"J.

)>

co
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Taole 12.-Personal and Other Qualifications for Eligibility for Institutional Care for Veterans-Continued
War in which

CJ.ass of per.,011
elieible 1

Re5idence

State

se,"ice was
rendere-d

Hinne43ota.------------l State, 3 yean or sened Veteran, wife or vidow,
in State regi~nt. u
pa.rents, or11inot childttn.17

Mississippi---

-------1 State, 3 :,ears

I

i11111ediatel1 Veteran, wife or widow
precediae applicatioa.

110)

Bran.ch ol
set'Yice

Prorisions relatiae
to receipt ol other
aid which disqua.lifJ

-1 ClYU•r <Conted-1.AT'IIJ

or

and orphans.
vite or widow_

801¥.

Veter& ■,

precedin1 application;
count:,, 3 aont bs illlllediatel.J precedl•i applica-

tion.
Nebruka-------------i State, 21ears hmediatel.y Veteraa, wife or widOW",
precedin, application.
or aot~r. 11

I

0

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;;;;

~
$,

0

0

a

( 19 1

----------------t Veteran.,

~

wife, widow, or .other ■ast, bF reason of
wounds, disease, old aae, or iafiraitJ, u tbe cue
MJ be, be una.ble to ean a lhiq ud without adequate ~ans of support. Wife, vidow, or aether JmSt
be ewer 55 years of qe. Wifeu7be adaitted with
hosb&lld,

NaYJ-1---------------------1 Yeten.■
or wid011 1111st be elir,ible to draw State
peuioa. Widow aast be orer 60 7ean of are,

Veteran ■at be a ■ in•alid because of disease,
voa'lds, or other disability. His wife or vidOI(
be Ol'er !10 1ean of aae.

••t

CiYil War, ladi&D
Caapa~rn, War
with Spall , I'll ilippiae Inaon-ect ion, or World
War.

An11, N&•1, or 1---------------------1

MariAe Corpe.

New Jerse7:
State MeJ10rial H011e State, 2 Jean prior to Veteraa----------------1 Se nice of tllel AntJ, lla•J, or
for Dlaabled Solappllcatloo. 11
Udted St&tee.
!Wile Corpa.
diers.
State Me110rlal ff- State, resldeot at ti .. of I Veteru, wife or widow-I----- do _________ J_____ do _____ _
for Disabled Solapplication aad for 7
d t.en, S..iloTS, Ma.Jean precedh1 appllcain es, and Tb-..lr

t

lon.

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caa Bonier SerT1 c e, or World
War.

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NeYad&-------- - -- ___ _

Wbea and lfld01n1,

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Veteran aut be iadi1eat I disabled. and aaable to
support biaelf b7 •■ual labor.
·-----1 Veteru aut be iaflra alld depe~ ■ t.

erate forces I.
( 11 J ____________ Ar111 ,. NaYJ, or
Horine Corps .

New llupshlre--------1 State, 31ean1 bmediatelJ I Veteru _______________ _ C hil War, War An11 or N&YJ_
precedlq applicatl011.
witb Si-ill, lie• i-

I

•

en
-i

llorioe Corps.

Missouri:
State FMer&l. Sol- State, citizeD-----------1 Veteran, aaed wife or SerYice of the At11:, or Na.Y:,-1-----wida, . 10
U■ ited States.
diers' Hoe.
Coo!edera.te Soldiers• 1---- Vetera ■, wife or widOW', CiYilWar lCoDfed- -----do------ ---Hoatana _____________ _ State, 1 year i.Mediatel7

Miscellaneous qualifications

applicant

------------! An11, Na•J • or

erate forcesJ.

......
(!)
(X)

who is or .., becoae on.able toean a lbeUhood by reuoa of woaRds, diaeue, old qe, or
other i ■ flr■ ity aad vitllo•t adequate . , . . of

Vetera ■

••pport.

Veteraa - t be

111,lire ■ t

&Id dla&bled.

Yeteru not be llldlre■ t alld dla&bl.ed, Wife ••t
b&Ye been •rried at leut 10 7eara aad . . t be
at leut i!O Jean of a,e. ••

New Mexico

New fort •••.••••••••• State, 1 1ear illllediatelf Veter••• wi!e or wid"';, Civil War, WH At'1111, NavJ, or
with Sp.110, Phil· Harill! Corps.
P~cedini application, or daughter, or mother.
lppine Ins urrec-

I

eolist•d ll"O!II State.

ti on. or World
War.

liortb C.Srollaa:
Ccafedf!'r&te Soldiers 1

a- .

Confederate Womea ' s

Veter&11 111111 be &led &ad depeodeat. 15

Veteran ■mt be desenil1 11d aeedJ,

Civil War ICoolederate forces l.
Wife or wide... _____ __ ___ J _ _ __ do ----------

State, boo.a fid e re,sidf!'Dt- 1 Vete-raa
___ do

a- .

North Da.kota __ ____ __ _ j State, at least l 1ear \ Veteran, vifeor vidcw.. __ , Ser•lce of the
iP1S11ediatel• preceding apUnited States.

Army, NaYJ, or
l!ariae Corps.

Vetera ■

■ast

be dlaa.bled bJ diseue, woaads, old

ace, or otbenrJae,

plication. ze

Ohio:
State Soldiers' aod

IState,

citizen for l year _] Vete,ran

Sa ilors ' How.- .

ltldis oa Home- ------ St ate , citizen and r9i-

Ve t cru. wife or vidCli,
o r depeDdent ll)()t her. 29

dent. 29

(

1

Tl

-·-·--------1
1

-- -·- · -

Vetera■

-·- --do -·- -· ·

mat be disabled by disease or vouads ud
aaable to eara a lhi11,
lpplicut
be anable to sapport self.

Army or Nav,.- _

Veteraa

Ar.u.y, Na.vr, or
Marine Corps .

Veteraa must be l ■dirent, a,ed, aad depeadeDt, Wife,
widcw, or aother nst be dependeat.

ArmJ, Navy, or
Harine Corps.

Aa1 war2

••t

Oltlaboma.:
Y'e ter&.n, wife or wl dciw - CivUW&r !Confed-

O:Jllfederate So Wiers'

a- .

erate !of'Ces I or

■aat be disabled &Dd
widows 11m1t be a,ed.

ladireat; wbes or

Wo rld War .
Vet era.n, wife or widOif,
or mDther. ii

Unioa Sold ien' Home -

Orero•
Peaas1 lu.nla

--------1 Sua•,
r es idt-nt
enlis t ment or

of
st- rved in

a.t t ime

I \'etl!ran 30

1,.1

Anr war

--------- 1Ar ay .

Veteran ■ust be indirent and disabled beca1111e of
disease, WQllods, or se"ice-connected disability.

Navy ,

Marine Corps ,
or U.S. Coa.st

SOfl'le' PenDSY lvan ia organ i -

z at i on , or rt'Sldent in
State t or l rea r immedia,~ly preceding ti ~ of

Guard.
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Rhode L'\11.nd

·--·-----1

~

An,.- va.r

-------··-! Army , Navy, or
Marine Corps .

r ~51d e nt of Stat e vben
C1n li 5t~d. or acc r editN
t o quota of St a.te, .

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Veteran, wife or widow ,
siste r , or daughter .

I
See footnotes at end of table.

Applicant mast be, by reason of woands, disease,
old ace. or other infiraity, uaable to ear■ bis
lhin, and without adequate aeaas of support.

r

Soatb Caro l ina ___ __ __ [ 1" 1 )

0

~

Vetera.a

State , 5 ye ars i~diatf!'!J
p r e ceding application,

en

Ci'riHh r !Confederate f orces ).

An,7 or Nuy

-1

Veteraa ■ut be iafira or destitate; wife, widOW',
sister, ord&arbter ■at be iadirent aad U.•e· been
bor ■ prior to 1855.
AU classes aust be 0Yer 'IO
years of aae.

en

•

......

IB

Table 32.-Personal and Other Qualifications for El igibi I ity for Institutional Care for Veterans-Continued

Res idcnc c

Sti\ l P

Sou:h D.lkO ti.\ --------- lS tate, 3 Y~'\r; im!Tler1L1tel;r
r r~f'di n.: appllC.J\ t l On.

'tla r 1, .,.t 1cn
5e r.· 1c•· W'<l.!<
n :rnh: r r,:i

Cfo.s s or pe r-soo

e l qp b l;:. 1
Ve.te r3c, 11o1!e o r 'li' i c!r,o.- -

C l\' 11 W:\r, rnd l .\ n
C ,l..t ip,11 ~ r. . •fo,r

---------r-Prov 1 s 1 ons

I•id

Br..>nc. 11 o f

~-!:i"i?T

t n r,•c -2 1v t o f o the r

• •rnc •

• h,ch

Con!ede ratll!!! HoJl'll- ---

SL"\te , bona rid.e c 1nzec .

If no t in

Vet r; r&n and wit~ i •-•-·

Confede r ate Women
Home .

1

~

133 1

Ci.v1l !IJ".1r IC.in! e ti- 1 Ar m,y or

~ltV'l

·1---·- -· ----------··-- llfo..."'lt'.

':.' tl r n :1:11

J>
:i l L\' l' -

t or 1 ni.J l (' ~ ra ~nd1 l.s ,1 t> l!:>d v,. t e un., ;, Wld l'MS ,
..ind pr ph n c ~n lJ:-c: r..

-1~b.:,·

t" T"<\~ e ! o rct-s l .

bon.1 ! 1U~ r e s ident of
St a t e a.s o! Ja.ouary l ,
1895.

1:Jc .1p-1r 1t ,1. t "! c! fro;11

1!

I 1i e t e r11.n

:0

m
m

___ __ do ____ __ _ . _ [ __ __ _ do • • _._

!" I .

lf 411.mttt ed t o h1.rnr::-,
pe rs on r..a. y r ~ ~iv.Qn! y 1t, of p ens 100. t o

lndt ql!ct vn·~ o r wido l,j;; o f ~olt11'!'r.s , nit !.',\1 lor3
who w•·rt:' d isabled in a c.t ti i\l ~e rvi c. e O~
lf!:..iST 3
.tionT i'I"> ' ,Ju ra t i o n.

1,,

36

-- ·· · -··· -- ---I Civi Ular

C;
0
0

-

00

ICc,l!.fe:d-

era t e torc t?:J J .
Wash in i t on:
S tat e Veter ans ' Home -I S tate, bona fid e r e~ide nt
f o r 3 years.

I Ve t eran,

S t a t e So l diers ' Home~Stat e, bona f i de citizell \ ___ __ do
and Co l oav.
f o r 3 1ears.
West Vir1Zinia _____ ___
Wisconsin

( i)

or 15 ,urs illllllt!d ia t ~l y
preced ing 1ppl !c at l oo i I
se nic e ls not credited
to the St•t e ,

w U'e or widCTot

-1 Civi l

Wa r lUn ion
forces J or .1.DJ
wa. r .

Any war __ ______ _

Army , :fa.vy, or

Mar ine; Corps.

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Arm}' or Navy .

Ye t ~ r.a.n

G)

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I----------- ...

(l)

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Uta h

Vi r iin ia

::E
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i,u!i t b ,. (1 1.!l at>lrd i1n 1 i aJ ii,"' rl t.

t It lN .

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ao: r ec r l71" p,!n-

~io1 ~r i.ri an)' So ur c.P.

whi c h o t bf! N l ~H'! t"O -

9
[Q

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\Con! ~c!- 1 Am) o r -.:.1.v 1

erat ~ fo:-::~s l .

1'e-1a.s C0 1"1i".i niJ,

tp ..

po rt he r5~ tf.

Tetas:
3

"llt5t

?1~000 . ,ot~ 1nco:-.e not 10 ~ rnss or '! 900 pe r i'l. :inur:. . Wj f .. ~IL~ t '"Jn 60 Y"' :t.r5 Of 11j" .. :,.n rJ in..\ fr\l'(I Tll
t .. r , n r,ot l"s s tha o !J n• a rs . ',t i ,1._,... l'IUS t be 6,0
yo ;1 rs of Ll!:f.': a M w1: h , nsu !f 1c. l.- nt i BcOtt• r o ~11p•
•; 0

or 'lor ld lfa r.
or orphan.

--l

v.. ec :- a n

ArrJ , Jqv y . or
H.iri.:1•: ~-llq ,~

ipptn .. I~s ur ~c -

C1v1lW,u

CJ)

dpf l ic.Hlt

t i o n , !1 ,.. t1 c u
Bo r d"'r Serv k ... ,
Ve ! e r a.r. , wife o r w-1d ow ,

•

"!i !!! c ~ l l.a r. .. our q u.J..l t t i t il.t ; trn:.

,..,.,,,, 1,r,·

.,..it hSra i n, Pr.11-

Te::in~s ~e ---------- - -

N

8

,..

,_

1•• I.

Vr te!ran 111ust b" 50 years ot age o r over &nd ha.vi?
had .u l~ut 70 days o ! se rv ic f" uolr~:t t'ervtce v~..
tenlllaated 11s the r esalt al phys 1cn.l d isabilitJ in
the line o! d Ul J , 51

W7oaine

I

I ------------1 Aniy,
NaYy, or
Har lne Corps ,

38
bona !Id• ~•ld••t V•torlll an! de()"ndenta'"-· 1 )
l or l year precod i •e &p-

--------------1 State,

plication.

---------------------, Veteran

■119t

be aaable to eara his ll,lnr becall5e

o! wounds, dl!ease, old age, or other iatlnolty
and wit boat

adeqa&te means of support.

Natio'llal Gaard aust
datf.
1 Veteran's dependents are elieible for institutional care if the veteran himse!'lf has
or had the necessary qualifications. Wherever qualifications for dependents are specifically stipulated, the Yeteran hi111seU mW!t also hal'e qu&lified. lMtitutional care tor
the widcw or a veteran i.5 provided if the veteran was elieible and she was livina with

hi11 at the tiJle of his death.

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2kiditional institutional care is prorided ia city and county •eteraa homes.
3 Nnrses a.re also eliizible for institutional care.
4
Norses are also eliiible &9 are aliens who served i■ the forces of a ROVernment associated with the United States durinR the World War.
5
Applicant must also h&Ye been a bona fide resident for 2 Jean and, prior to application, ■ust han Yoted in l or 1110re ieDeral elections.
eWorld War nurses are also eligible.
7
Civil War !Union forces I, India.a Campaign, War with Spain, Philippine Insurrection,
~xican Border Se"ice, or World War. Members of the Nation&! Goard with service-connected disa.bilit ies are also eli;ible.
8
Wa.r servants are also eligible.
QAll unma.rried soldiers, nurses, and widOWI! 1111.:, be ~uired, as a condition for admission to the hOIQe, to par to the bOR.rd of trustees of the h~ any eratuit:, which they recehe fro01the United States in excess of $16 per OIODth. Married soldiers 111&1 be required
to pay to the board ALftOunts in excess of $25 per 1100th.
10
Deserving and destitute wido,,s of Spanish-American and World War YeteraDS under the
a;e of 4!> yea.f'S may be admitted to the home.
11
CiYil War, War with Spain, Philippine Iosurrection,ChinaRelief Expedition, or World
War. A member or the State Militia guarding Kansas border also elieible if a resident of
Sta.te tor 35 years.
12
Wives of Civil War veterans are eligible .tor ad111ission reiardless of tUl.eof 11&rrialle
or financial standinll provided they have reached the aee of 65 years. No llirl.s ur be
admitted after they reach 1-4 yea.rs of age or retAined after the7 reach the &Ile of 16 rears.
Boys may not be admitted after they rea.cb 12 years of age or retained after they rea.cb 14
,ean. These provisioas do not appl7 to children iacapable ol earnin, support by their
own labor.
1
~Civil War ourses also eligible tor admission.
14Civil War, War with Sp4ia, Philippine Insurrection, Mexican Border Service, War with
Russia or Russian expeditionar1 forces, or World liar.
16
Wives or widows of veterans of Mexican or Civil Wars ■ust be at least 55 :,ears of aee
at ti~ of application. and married to the Yetl!ran beforeDecelllber 1, l'iK'6. Whes or widows
of Teterans of Warwith Russia or Russian Expedition rr1ust beat least ~O rears old at ti111e
of application. and married to veteran before April 6, 1937. It applicant is vi!e orvidow
or Civil War aune and unable to earn a livelihood, she ■ ust be admitted regardless of
other qualifications i.t she bu resided in the State 5 coasecutiTe years precedin, application.

Hietlber of

ha•e been disabled while on

18
A wife or widow or pa.rent must have 5 years r~idence 1D the State,
17 Civil War I Union Anny I nurses over 65 yean of aee with 1 ,ear'• se"ice and llellbers
of the State National Guard disabled in line of dut1 ar.e also elieible.
18
CiYil liar, Indian Cupailla, Warwith Spain, Philippine hsarrectioa, China Relief Bxpedition, M!-xican Bonier Service, or World War.
18
All inmates are ~quired to make a will disposia, of personal property as a conditioa
precedent to admission. It pension recehed fro■ any other source exceeds 14 a 110atb,
the applicant or inmate ma.y be required to se!Kl ball of such pemsioa. to wife or depeadent child.
20
Amy nurses who se"ed with the Arar of the United States or indieeat ex-aemben of
the ail it ia who seITed 00 days or 1110re in the field duriar the Chil War are &lao eli1ible
fDf' ad miss ion.
11
Arm1 nones are also elirible.
22
Applicant 11ust have bec0111e disabled because of war senice, old aee, or be otherwise
incap&eitated froa earning a lhelihood. Widows &lid 111otbers must be dependent, aaa.ble
to ean. a liTelihood, and 50 1ears of age or ar,er. WiYes most be 50 years of aee or Ofer
and have been aarried for at lea.st 10 years before enterinll the home. Widows and 110tbers
■ast have resided in the State for at least 2 7ean prior to admissiou to the home.
asResidence prorisions do not prevent any applicant who actually served in a State ailitary or naval organization, and who is otherwise qualified, froa entering the home, but
preference is 2iven to a person vho has been a re-sident 2 years prior to application.
24
Veteran's widow ,-eqaired to prove the followinR: State residence for 10 :,ears, urriage to Teteran at time of senice or prior to June 'Z7, 1915, no remarriaee since her
husband's death, and eligibility of hmband for admission if he were alhe.
2 8veteran 11&y not be admittM unless accompanied by his wife but may re-.in after death
of wife upon consent of superintendent, subject to apprOYal of b011.rd of Tisi tors of the
home. Vetera.n 111ust h,ne been married for &t least 10 years, except World War Teterans
who aust have been aarried prior to January l. 1930. World War Teter&ns' wives or widOW'S
or aothers aost be incapacitated. In case of Yeterall9 and wives ad ■ itted together, both
IIDSt be incapacitated. Dependent daughter of an:, Yeteran must be over 55 years of a,e.
28
Alternative: Yeteraa who served iD a State refiment or vas accredited to the Dakota
Territory.
27
Chil War, Indian Ca,apaign, Warvith Spain. Philippine Insurrection, China Relief Expedition, Mexican Border Service, or World War. Mellben of the National Goard alld Naval
Militia att also eligible.
29
Prefereace .tor admission to the bo111e ■ust be !liven to Chil War veterans and their
wives or widows or aothers, wid~ or 110thers of veterans of the Spanish War, and nurses
who served in the Spanish War. Subject to the above pref~rences, aot 110re than lOwhes,
widoin, or mothers ma.y be a.1 ■ ittN!. They aast have nsided in Ohio l year precedine their
ad11ission to the home, and 1et.eraa must ha1'e' been citizen of Ohio at tiae of enliataent or
induction into service.

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TablB 32.-Footnotes Continued
"'Civil War. lodi&n C.uipaien, Warwith Spaia, Philippine Insarrectioa, Chiu Relief Expedition, !¥xica.n Border Senice, or World War. MN\bers of the National Guard are- al.so
eligible.
,) 0Persons who ha.ve sened in soae ~nnsyll"ania ori'anizatioa. or ia the ~usylvania Nationa.l Guard are al.so adl'titted.
31 Vet'!ran must be on honor roll of county.

Wi!e or widow, sister, or dauehter anst be
State residents.
32 Wite ma.1 be transferred frDrlll Confederate W011en 1s R~ to liYe with husband in Confederate Holl'le,
~3Wives and

widows of Yet~rans who entered the senice frca Texas or who ca.ae to the
State prior to Jaiuaary l, 1880, and WOffll!'D who aid~ the ContederacJ.
&'Heme is aainta.inei for Yeter&m and soch ~•bers ot their f&111ilies as the truste-es
of the home shall def'!m proper.
56Wite is adt11itted if husband is an i111111.te of th!! home.

31Veteran of the State Militia ■ ust have a serYice-coanected disability. Widow 1111st
haYe bee~ indigent after busba.nd's death. Wife 111ust baYe b~11 1111rried to veteran at
lea.st 3 years before application or b&ve be-en otherwise eliiible at til'le of application.
Zl"'Civil War, Var with Spain, Philippine Insurrection, China Relief Kxpedition, World
War, or any other var or ■ ilitary ex~ition of th'!' United States.
;,8nisAbled Yeter11.ns under 50 JN.rs of age if unable to obtain adequate care froaFederal
GoYern111ent al.so recein·d. WiYes of veterau aust ha.Ye liYed continuously with their
husba.nds not less than 10 years pre:edine applicatioa. Widows of Yeterans of the CiYil
War, SpanishA.aerican War, Philippine Insurrectioa,ChinaReliet Expedition, and tlle World
War ( it married prior to Nme ■ber 11, 19181 ,wst not have reaarried and IIUSt be 50 ,ears
of age or O'ter.
H'Civil War ICoatederate and Unioa Antil!SI and all wars in which the United Stat9 bas
bttn or aa.1 be eneaeed. Meltlen of the National GI.la.rd are also elieible.
Note:

No proeru in Alaska., District of Coluabia, or Hawaii.

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Taal• 33.-Provlaions for the Administration and Financing of Institutional Care for Veterans
N•tu re

S t ,1 t e

Al, b4ma

ot
bw

Detenai nu i oa o! el i gtb i ti t y

Admirlist rati •e responsibilit y

N:uwte ol i ns t i tuti on

Sou r ce
Superviso ry

Di rec t

---------1"--1 St&t • Sol diers '

Home

Fhal

-1llo.ud

Board o! cont ro l o f St ate Sol-

o f co otrol of Sta t e Soldiers ' Heme.

or

!u ads

Adv lso ~·
Stat e general !u ad .

i1 i ers 1 Home.

Ar izona __ ___ ____

I

Ar ka nsas _______ _ H __ [ State Confede ra t e b e .

M__ I Annex to

I Honor .sr/

bo a.rd tor t he rnanaiemen t

Sta te eener&l !nd .

i.\Dd ope ration o! t he Coa!ederat e
home.
Suto Con- I. ---· do .• -··· · -- ··· ·· ·· •·· -·-· ·- 11'1

_____ do

! e1e ra te Home . i
Ca lifo rnia. _____ _ Io __I Vett>Ull!.f, 1 l!O!!!e of Ca li ! o ni~ . :.

I Board or di rector-s or

Bo.ud o f di r ector s o! t he Veter- 1 Di visi on o! vc-te r ans '
a1:~ 1 Horr.:- o! Ca. l i!or1n:i.
hooe i n the rkp.11rt ment o f Mi li tan· a nd
V~ter,i n.s' A! h i r s.
M •. j W~ca's R~Ue( Coqi!3 Bo.ud ot dirt!c tor$o.!Womeo's ke- l _____i:10
HCXl\e .
lid Corp5 llome .
Colondo ___ _____ j M__ I State Soldier-s' ,i nd I St.JJ. t e- Soldiers' a.ndSailors' Hom-e-1 Div i.sioo o! F\iblic Wel-1
S.,ilors ' Har1e.
c o!Tl'lliss i oa .
fare o! the Exe-cuti ve
DepJ. rt r:i.en t .
Co:inectlcut ____ _ M.• Fitch's Su t t~ Sol- j S t,.,,te \'e-teran.:1' Home cornr,u s ion_
d1 ~r'3 ' liom~.

I

M• •

Olii Con!eder.!.tr: Sol:He r s 1 1.u1d Sa1 l o n'
IIOl!lt'.•

Geor2Ll ___ ____ __ [ M__ j~u! e d~r atc Sold ters'
Ho!T:(".
Jj.iho __________ _ IM __

Cl

lll ir.oi:. ____ ____

IM __

cfj'

~
(1)

H. __

a.

.5[

an

S:>1.~i ,~rs'

See

foot ■otes

I

St a. te Depar t rneut

13~.

H __ St a te

Home

to r

at ead af table.

o! Pub l h:

llepa.rt111e nt
Public Welrare.

the

Fu od .

Bo:t.rd o)'. d u ec t ors of WomP..11 1 :; Reli c ! Cor ps Home.
St1ite Sold1ers 1 .w1 SailoM ' !Jome
comm i ssio n.

Stat e 11e.ne r 3.l fun d .
3ta !. e g~nerdl fun d.

State \'etemns'

Sl.\te l{enl!ra l fund .

o ! Public Wel-

_____ do ________ ___ ______ ____ __ __

o!

S tat~ i:enera l !und.

Br.1,; t r1

i'el-1-- ------ ------- --- ----1

fi\n:.

St.1t1! Sold1en, 1 a n d State Dep,ut S1C o t
3a.ilors' lloin~.
! arc.
Su t e Sold i er-,' Wi::i - ___ __ do
(M S'

Sta t e 2eneral fund;
Ve t e ra.as ' Hooe o f
Cali fo rn i11 Fe'1e ral

ot C:iITF1u s ioo ~r~ of St 3 t c
Itut1t ut lo ni:.

Bo.ud or Can11 i s s 1o aers
,J! Stat•~ la3t i tu tions.

o ! r,w. na it e r s

Home..! Cotl¥n.ln (fo.nt of St a te Sol d itr s ' Homt!_I Sta t e

f<cl'l " td li tat ion ot
'1forld W:1.r \'etl!r,us .

C")
0

I St.1t~

I &:lard

the Ve t e r-

11.ns' Ho111e o! Wli f oraia .

:::::::::::::::::::-::1

DeJ,1.w,,r,e •• - - ----

fl o n ,1a - - - ---- - -

Do .

Stole t.!p,utrn~n t
!are.

o ! Pu~L1 c

'icl-1

Count;,· .-Jiri:cto r of

,,ut>- j St ilt!;'

I (',0!!lll'.andant of S l &te Soltlit.:rs' Ho!l'.c.1- - --- -------- ---- ---- -- -1
St,.,, tc ~partl!l(•nt o ( Public ~clCa r e .

gt! neral (und.

l 1c we lfare .

CD

St at" ee.acral Cu.nd . 5
St .1.t e gene ra l f und .

)>

U)
(")

-l

Do .

)>

CD

r
Volu n t,H y application to the 11'1-l .nJ.f i.DI;' o rt i cer; or co:rut1 i t ment by
court o ! r eco rd o f count y upo.n
pe t i t ion by rel.Hive o r 2 uar<1 ian.

Do .

m

U)

•

N
0

\JJ

Table

3J.-Provisions for the Ad•inistration and Financing of Institutional Care for Veterans-Continued

N

~
Na-

State

tore
of

Detenination of elieibility

Adaiaistrati•e responsibility

Source of funds

Naae ot ins ti tutiOA
Direct

l&W

hdl&a& -------- - IH __ I State Soldiers' Hoae

IC1ta ___ ________ _ \ H __ I State Soldiers'

-1

a- ,

Board ot truateea of State

Fioal

SuperTlsorr
Departaent
Sol-1 State
Plabllc Welfare.

of

diers' a-.
C.-.clut ____ __________________ St&te Board al. Coo trol
of St.ate lmtitatiou .

Ad•isory

------------1

Board of trustees of State Sol- _____ .............
diers' e-.
State Board of Cootrol of State Artidavl t to caa&ndant

)>

State eeneral had .

State , ..eral had .

!J?:o~-:=:~_:::~:-I

leatact, -------Loa!siua _______ IH . _ !St.ate Soldiers' Hoae _ !Board of directors of State Sol-1 State Board of Ch&rl-1 Board of directors of State Soldlera' Hoae.
ties udCorrections .
diers' Bcae.
Mahe-------··-·

Do.

~

cr

C;
0

"T1

)>

::0

m

State reneral fand.

r2ro

1-----do-------·-·····-·-----··--

-·-----1

H·• !State Soldlere' Bcae -1State Soldiers' Bcae board _____ _

NiaslHlppl -·-·· M•• JeUeraoa !&via Beaavolr Soldier■'
Nhaoorl ··--·--· IN

Fede1'al
--1 State
dlen' Bcae,

a....

IN'..

Board of dlroctore of JeUenoa
!&Tio Beaavolr Soldier■' Boae,

Go•eraor al coHcll

--1

m

G)

a-.

State i'eDenl fud.

Board of trustees of State SolBoard of aurers of State Soldlera' a,_ ud Ooniltor, for
h•aanes aad Yeterua 1 Ilepnd-

1----·-·····----·------··

z

State reaeral faad .

e ■ ta.

.. ..... _ do ................................................... 1 .......................................... ..

State Soldien'

-l

0

dier, ' Baae .

a-

board _____ _

Board of dlrecton of JeUeraoa

Do .

State r•ae ral faad.
State 1eneral fuad.

!&vb Boauol r Soldiers' HOiie.

Board of tra ■ tff■ of State FedSol-· llo&rd of trut•• of State Federal Soldlen' Bcae.
eral Soldlen' a....
Board of truten of Coafederate
Board of trutHa of Coltederate
e....
Soldien'
Soldier■' lkae.
!State Soldiers• Bcae. llloard of ..,..,.,. or State Sol- ------··-·····--······• ·11oard of Mla,■ rs of State Soldlera' loae.
dier&' lloao.

0 • • ec.t.derate SoldIere'
lloatua ··-··--··

r

)>

or State Sol-

Nichiru -······· H-- State Soldiers ' a-. Board of •aarero of State Soldiera 1 8~ &ad• Dorai tOl'J for
h-aann aad Veterans ' Depe ■ d­
eata.
M_. IDor■ itor1 for h••r1e1 ud Yeterau'
D.peadnt1 .
Niaoeoota

m

r

ft:?

or · trutees
1 ·-1 State Soldier•• Boae -1 Board
diers.' Roae-.

"<

("")

:IE

1•1 ----------·--·---

HuS&cbosett• ••• M

'f;;;

,,c::

a,

M&r,l&ad -- - ---··

0

-l

m

r

waas ______ ____ !H __ !state Soldiers' 11o,.. _ !Board of - , e n of State Sol- 1----- - ----------- ----- Board of a&Ufera of State Sol- C,,rtiticatioa ol. need bJ I State rener&l hod.
M-- IKooer Bicurdrte h- 1-:-i_e_n~ ~-~~-------------- - ----- ____________ ____________d_l-~rs~ -~:_·____________________ __
n.e1. to the State Soldiers' Roae.

Cl)

-l

slrned bJ- coa ■ tJ board
of supe"iaora.

lna t itwtiou.

•

State reaeral fosd.

Do.
State 1e1eral had.

Nebruka •••••••• , M .• , State Soldiers' ud
Sailor•' HOiie &t
Graad lal&nd ud
branch at Milford,

I I

State Board of Coatrol •••••••••• 1······················ 1State Board of Coatrol

I

Board of • uaa,er.- of State Sol-I Board appolated br Go.,_
dien' lloae.
ernor ud couacil hftatif&tea awllcut.
Board of aaaacera of State H...,._ J•de• of coart of ccx.01
rial a- for Dlaabled Soldleni.
pleu certifies awllca■ t •a ellflbllltr,

I,

.PabUc WeUare. 1

dlers' Hcae.

I rial H<.. for Disabled Soldiers.

rlaes, and 'nleir WiYes
a.nd Widows.

State Departlleat of Board of•lsitors of State Voaea.'s
Relief Corps Roae.
Social Welfare.
Relief Corps "'-.
Board ot di rec ton of Confeden.te
Bo&rd of direetors ot Coafederate
Soldiers• Hoae.
Soldiers' R-.
Confederate Women'• Board of dlrectoni of Confederate
Board of directors of Coafederate
Ha1e.
Woae1 1 s H011e.
Voaea 's Hoae.
State Soldiers' Ho•e Board of trutees of State Sol- •••••••••••••••••••••• Board of truotees of Sto te Soldiera' Heme.
diers' Haae.
IState Soldiers' and Superlnte,adeot of State Soldleni • State Depart..at of State Oepart..at of Public Weland Sailors' Boae.
Public Welfare.
Sailors' H0111e.
fare.
Madison Home _______ _ SuperiD.teadea.t of Hadiso ■ 8011e.. _____ do _____________ _

Corps Roae.
North Carolina •• 0 •• Confederate Soldiers'
ff0111e.

North Il&kota •••• IO ••
Ohio ••••••.••••• jH ..
H __

I

Oltlahoaa •••••••• 1H •• Confeclente Soldiers'

····· do-················-·······

Board of tnstees of Co•federate State C:0-lseloaer of Board of truate• of Coafederate
Soldiers' "'-•
Charities udCorrecSoldier■' 11(.,,
tiou.
0 •• IUalon Soldiers' Ho11e. I Board of trustees of Union Sol·
do-············· llo&rd of trustees of 'Ualon Soldiers' Hcae.
diers' Hoae.

a-.

I.....

0

cg·
;;.

"'a

~

C;
0
0

-

00
(v

Oreco• ••••••••••

I

State reaeral faad.
State

1e ■eral

fond.

Do.
Sto te ceoerol fund.

State ,eaeral fWld,

IO

State 1eaer&l fund.
State ceoerol had

Do. 11

----1H .. IState
Soldiers•
Sailors' Ho.e.

See footnotes at eDd of table.

alld

CD

>
a,

(")
~

State Soldiers' HOll'lelf

!Board

of trustee• of State Sol-1State Depart.eat. of
dlers 1 and Sailors' R011e. 18
Hilit&r1 Affairs. 11
Rhode lsla.d .••. H •• State Soldiers' Hoae. ec-aadut of State Soldiers' lbae •• Director of pRbllc
welfare of State Depart .. Dt of l'lbllc
Welfare.

PeaaaJln.aia

c•••ral hnd,

Board of Coetrol of
State 1.ural fand.
the State Depart■ent
of last itutions a■ d
Arenclea.
Board of uaacers of State H..o- ·····do •••••••••••••• Board of aaaarera of State He1110- 1••••• do ••••••••••••••••
Do.
rial Hoae for Disabled Soldiers,
rlal Boae for Disabled Soldier■,
Sailors, Ha.rhea, ud Tbeir WiYea
Sailon, Hari ■ e•, a■ d Tbeir Wil'es
aad Widows,
aad Widows,
1

·

Nev Medco •••••••••• ···-·················
New Tort······-· H •• State Women's Relief Superiatendeat ot State Voaen '•

0 __

I State

I

New Jeroey •••••• j O •• I State llnorlal lloae Board of Ma&fers of State Nao-

0 •• I State Heaorlal Boae
for Disabled Soldiers, Sailors, Ha-

board of ca.la- I State fHeral had.

sioaen or aupe"bors
aatee Inquiry aad for•

varda appllcatioa aad
fladlac• to State Board
of Coatrol,

:.,n~sblre ••. H •• State Soldlere' Boae • Board of -..rers • of. State Sol- I State - Oepartaeat • o!

for Disabled Soldlers.

··········I Coeat7

Board of trustees of State Soldiers' and Sailors• Home. 18
State llepartaeat of l'lbllc Welfare, Dlvlsloa of Soldiers' ud
Sailors' Relief,

State 1eaeral fuad.

>
CD

r

m

State eeseral had.

en

•

N

@

Table 3,.-Provisions for the Adainistration and Financing of Institutional Care for Veterans-Continued

N
0

a,

:~~f:"~n<
I
,-..,-_-_~IM
- __

Su t e

0

r

I 05 t

t. •-11"111!. i~ t r,1.tive re.,pot-.S~ bil1t)·
>tot, OQ

St~ :
!lone .

Cm1 t ede ra. t e

Supe rvisor,

Dirtt t
C.Orim u:uon (o r ~ t.He Co n!ede r"-tt•

St.,._ti:

Departntent

o!

Pubt ic Yet ran·.

!lome.

South !'.b k o t11 _ __ _j M • • IS tJ.t eSo l!1it-r!l ' H.o:1e_ j £bard o r

~,:,, :i.ar ers o r S t~te Snt -

Fi n&I

, dTl!!> Or"/

V)!lt'ft t !Ss lon fo r 3 t3tc C:Jnft!'derate

Prob.._t ~ c o 1H ' o r co•1Rty
,,...,.ttfte-1' th .t t ,upUeu t 1s on ho oo r mtl.

$ upe: r i ct e o4 e ct or Cor:! ~d cf"/\t e

Co n!edt-r.1.te 3o lJi e rs'

Ho11e .
TeuJ>

M

--1St,\t e

Sol.du~: rs

Coa !e d,en t e

Hone.
H __ SLl t e

Coa!ed,•ra te
Vo,1en ' s Hom,! .

I

Howie.

Hoene.

Cou:itr J Ud i e

Dep.ir t ~ct o ! Inst i t ut 100~

, :rl Public. We l-

rce o ! fund.<,

-l

I 3~.i t c

----- --------------·! -· -------------- ---- -· ··

l•- 1-·---- -··-··-··-- · ·-·-··I

C"""1is.i o n•r of Depart'"'" o!
s t it ,J t 1on5 ud?ubl. c W~ lt ... re.

1

g~ru:ul r:d
d~ril"~J trOt'l ~~n-

c ra.t prope r t) t.u .
St at e e- eneral !und.
>tat< f,"!aeral

C••d."

'

-1

Su,erint e nde nt o! St.ite 0:in!t"der- , 3tate !:hard 'll Cmnro.:.
St...1.te Board or
ate ffoui':!' .
Superb.tee.dent of Stat'! Cm,.!ede r - _____ do _____ _________ •• • •• r.io
,1 tc WOlfle:i ' s Ho·111c.

St.a te iien~r&l fu Ad.

--------!"!''

. 1Con!er1er• t e So ldiers'
Hoo<' I Robert g_ Lee
Canip ~- l Co11fcder-

Wa.,hiaftoa

·----- 1M -- 1State

;;.

Do .

0
0

-

00
(v

-n

r

G)

State ien.eral had

en
r

I

of St a t e Veteran 5 '

Rome .

Superintendent of Sta. l e So l di ers'
Home and O>loor .

I pl.rt11eu

Di~ctn r of Sta t e Df,_.--. 1Sul)'!ri.11:teodent o f horrie --------t o ! Fi:1.aa.ce,
8udl(el, and Bus io e" .
- - ---do ---- -- ------ --1-----l'lO

Boa.rd of 111.1.nagers

Amy Home !or I Adjutut iuera.l
Yeteran.s.

I Com.a ndaat

Sailor~' HolllC.
M hdlcates 111Aad&tor1 provisi on.
0 iadie&te ■ optio n&? proYh i oa.
1Statc Peuion ClallltS Co!uiitt tt lnestlcates

o t' St ate Soldiers• .ud

Sailon' Home.

--- -1Mj ut ant

I State

Board or Cha.rities aod Reform.

z

State general had.

I)).

I Sta te

eeae ral

Board of Oiarities aad Re-

Sr.ate reaier&l flDd. 1"
State

1e ■ eral

fud.

t'orm.

10

r esidents or

the St&t'! Conteden.te f!(:)llp

ud uueo State board to rnoYe INlltlble penou.
'The anH l1 located atthe State Coafedent• a- and I• Heier tho courol of the aue
••perhte-■ dH\.

)>

-l

-·--- --IH.. ! Grand

W70t11iae _________ f o •. I Stat e :iolr1iers' and

boa.rd &ad

::e
r

State eeoera..l tuoii.

West Vi rcia ia - - -

Vt scou:&ln

(')

0

-I Superinten.de a t

M .. l S tat e Sold i ers' Rome
And Co 1007 .

"'a

C;

Yeteran!'I ' Home

&Jard ot Tisi t o n

Board o! TUi t ors

a t e veter.1.11.5 I . I IJ

~

CD

r

)>

die rs' Home.

cg·

C

rn

Ver-T!!Onl -------

0

,,

;;o
rn

Ut.,,!1

Viqzinia

-l

rn

rn

t.i re .

I

•

U)
)>

I

le n ' Home.
Te nne.,.s ee

~
.)O'J

1·

t-iw

;i., ut h Cu o1

!)etono io.t10 • o f el 1i1b d 1t;·

The count y pap the cost of traesportatioo to the ho.e.
"All ■olies donated aad all aoal e s re-cehed fr011 the sale or eichure of prodacts of
the hCJ11e are placed h a reYohla1 had for the use o f the hcae .

State Soldlen' a.- wu trauf•rnd to tloe '9deral Go,,onaeu.
board of trutNI la I depanM■tal 1dllhl11rat1n board 111!U1 Ult S1111 Dtpart•
of Nllltar, Affaln,

11

11Tho
IN!lt

"Addltioaal i ■ atit•tio•l care Is provided h city and cou ■ ty Yeteraa b011es.
~e• aecesslt7 for h ~ ao lo■rer e&ists, the hoae aad ita assets •ut be sold, aad the
proceeda thereof ased for scholarship fuad !or the lineal descendants of the- veterans.
6aae-slxtb or ■oaey accruhr to cbaritable ilstit ■ tioas ttdowaent taad is appropriated
to the boae. !state or an7 iaaate, who dies without heirs, vests h the Departaeat of
Public Welfare, subject to clai ■ vi tbia 5 years.
'No hstitatioaal catt is provided !or veterans, but the State Hilitar, and Naval Childrea's Ho■e is uiatai.aed tor poor u1 aerlKt~ childrea, preference beine eivea tochildrea of soldiers aad sailors of Haiae.
'"ne adaissioa of the wife or widow of & veteran t.o the hcae ls optional with tbe board
of ••a.eers.
1 The d~art■eat •ast iepect the boae and •ke aecessar, recc:.aeadatiou.
'The board of aua1en ll&J eraat relief i ■ u aaoaat aot ia excess o! I of the averqe
cost of each patient at the hoae to persons u oatpatieats who have some but aot sufUcieat ■eus for ccafortable support ia their private residence.

14Aa &dYl ■ol"J cOMl ttee or 5 ■eabers of the United O&uehters of the Contederacr cooperatea with the coa■ iuiooer of DepartaeD.t ol hstitutlons and Public Welfare h the ll&MReaea t ot the boae.

'"The bme 15 practlcallJ sel!-..staintnr, but I• aided bT the State 11enerat fund.

18 This hsti tatioa is incorporated under the laws or the State.
"Applicant auat pay State 20 percent ot iacoae, or Ill optioll of c01111U.Dda.nt of home all
iacoiae OYer $400, into a eenenil fuad !or maintenance of the ho,ie. A wife is allowed to
retain independent income or Sl.00 per UDUII for personal use. Inmates ■ llSt execute a.a
aereement to the effect that all penoaal propertJ at death will, U they leave ao heirs
or next of kla, •est in the h011e, subject to reclaaatioa, hovever, by tbe heirs o! leeatees vi tla 5 Je.&rs.
Note:

No prorraa ia Alaska, District of Colubia, or Hawaii.

CD
)>

en

-n

-i

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0

~
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(l)
a

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C;
0
0

-

00
( i)

CD

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•

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0

-..J

Dai

zeobyGoogJe

State Boards and Local Boards
209

1S884() 0-~111

Dig t1zed by

Goog IC

Table 3,.-Composition and Appointment of State Boards of Public Wei fare

N
.....
0

Tent:J a!

Nu111-

Alabam& ------- State Oep,. rt meat of Publie 'iieU:are.

0
~-

.:.·
<1>
C.

Method ol
selection

~r Rotat~Govof
iog
eruor
State
By
0th11ith
depart111ent advisory bcB.rd """d lau■GovIlle~ber · er
oasent
ernor
~rs of
ol
years I
Senate
Nllll!le of

3ta.te

office

llaJieol
governine: or

State Board
ol Public

71 - 62 ---

----

Retftuaer&t ion

Qu&li fic&tions

-n

Qo

ProYision for re1110val

X ---

------

E1penses __

X ---

------

Er:penses __ Recoelrized iaterest
in or knowledge of

~ized interest

in welfare work.

At lea.st 2 111e11.bers of the boa.rd
■us t be woaea • 3

----------------------

State Boa.rd
of Social

cial 3Muri ty a.nd Welfare.
Arkansas ______ State Departmeat or Publie Welfare.

Security
aud Wel!.u'e.
State Board
ol Public
Welfare.

5 -- 3 ----

----

publi C welfare
probleE.
1•

72 ---

4 ____

California ____ State Departii.eat of Social Weltare.

State Board
of Social
Wellare.

7 --

Colorado ______ State DepartlnCD t Of Publie Welfare.
Conn«ticut ___ Public Itelfare Counell.
St,1t!!
m.d ~i'e
Delaw&re ----·-

State Boa.rd
ol Public
Wel!are.
Public lie!h,re Couacil.
3ta te Old
Aile WieUare

7__

----

--- -

x_ __

x_ __

------

------

for un-

expired ten.

Expenses __ P.ecogniz:ed ioterest
in or knowledge of
public welfare
problems.

Tra•el inc
expenses.

Iaterest and leadership in social
welfare activities.

I "l - ------ ---- -- -- - --- --- ---- -

Any 9"!be r who beco,i,es

a ca.njida.te tor publie oft ice is auto~tica.lly di'\Qualif ier:l
tor board ~bersh ip.
Members_ shall be appointed troC11 By Governor tor malfeasa.nce, 111isfeA.S&Dce,
each or the 7 coorressiooal
liistricts of the State and
or nonfeu.ance. Any
shall not sene !or more than
member vho becomes a
2 coasecuti ve tenas. ~
c&ndidate for public
oUice automt ically
disqualified for board
netnbership.
No board member shall be II t rus- "le111bers who are absent
tee. ■an ager, di rec tor, or eafrom 3 consecutive
regular 111eetUlg5 shall
ploree of an in.stitution under
be dee'Tlled to have retM! jurisdiction ot the departeat, nor shall a board
S iined !rOII the b0&rd,
.rmber hold aay other o!!ice
but the board 111a,y for
eood
cause grant leave
~:a~~loy■ent iD the departol ab-Jenee to its

By Go•ernor for une:tpi red teTI!l.

W.l lare Co,,111is!lio11.

(l)!llffll!'lo'lioD.

5 -- 4• --4 __

4 ----

----

x_ __

----

1•1 _ ------ No

----

x_ __

------

Traveliai
expenses,
COlllpeD-

S&tioa.

------

)>

-i

S5

per di.,.
1u,,1expie~
ll~9.

By Governor

tor uoexoirer:l tena.

G>
(/)

)>

-i

0
By Governor tor unexpired tem. Va-

cancy Must be filled
within 60 days.

-------------------

The council consists of 3 men
And 2 women.

87 GoYernor for cause _ BJ Gr>vernor for unexpired tem.

-------------------

l 11e~ber fro,, city of W!!Jotnirton, l fro,n rural Nev Caalle
Cou.aty, 1 trOM Kent County,

11 a ffl4jorl ty of tho
co1111ni!U lon reque11t11
the rl"IIIOV&l ot II IMYIbc!r, the Chief Jua-

rm. Su!\s,.• f'.,ouao.

.,,
,..,
r
,..,
r

By GoYernor at uy time

n.n.,1 l

0

::e
,..,
r
;:o

- ------ -- ------- --- --- -- -- ----------------------- -

for ca.use.

r

)>

Mllbers.

32 ---

-i

,..,

CD

By Goveruor

WeUa.re.

Arizona _______ State DepartJilent of So-

(/)

-0

0
0

on appointment

•

C

~

0

Li ■ itation

Provision tor
filling vacancies
c~a.ted br
death, r~igna.tion,
or re11ova.l

By Governor

(or uaexpired term.

V11.caac ies shall be
fllled bJ the Clllel
Jugtlce for the on@InlrllWl t .. rm.

z

tlce 1111, 1poa a full
presen.tatlo■

florid&

-------1 State llel!are
Board.

IState Board.
llel-17 __ 1 • ----1----1-----1 X ----1 Bxpeasea;
Sl,200per
!&re

&IID•MXi ■aa,

Georrla ------- I 3tate Depart"""' of

Pnt>-

llc Vellare.

Idaho

State Board
of Public
Welfare.

17" -13----1----1 X---1------1 l!xpenses --

of the
facts, reaoTe such
aeaber.
Citlaea udelector Not 110re tha■ 2 neaben shall
for at least 5 be froa the SAIie social wetyears prior to
fare district.
appointaeat.

Recoplzed htereat
h: ud taawled1e
of public ""Hare
probleu.

l of the ...bers shall be a
aedical doctor aDd l a dent ht, both in acthe practice.
The aeaben of tbe board ■Ht
be selected froa tbe 10 coarressloll&l districts ud should
represent the 1eorraphical
sections of the State.

RecogDized hterest
in ud kn(Jlfledge
of public welfare
problem.

Not .ore thu 3 of the sue
poli tical partr.

---------1 State

Depart- I ~ r
aeu ot Pabof State
lie AssistDepartaeat
ance.
of Pllbllc
Assistuce
(see table
351,

lllhols ______ j State Depart- , State Board 5 --1------1
... t of Pllbof Pnbllc
lie Wellare.
llellare 0.■issioners.

Indiana

-------1 State
Depart-1 State Board
~nt of Pubof Pabllc
Uc Welfare.

Welfare.

Iowa ________ .. I State
Board
aaeDt Depart-I
of So- State
of Soci&l
Cl

rf{

cial Welfare.

Welfare.

~
.Sf

C")
0

ro

L-1 ••

satioa.

---1----1X---1------11300

u.a ■■

Stt footnotes at ead of table.

per
aad

expeases.

15·-1••---1----1-----1X----1115

diea per
and
expeases.
Sl,200 per

..-aula ■ .

N

a

I

'i! -1-----1 X----1 No compe•-

I

!Ir Govel'llor for

■ ls-

coaduct, incapacitr,
or aeelect of duty.

Br GoYeraor for unexpired tera.
tD

At least 1 woMD; not aore than
l aember fro. anr coaeressional
district; a ■ d aot aore tbu 3
of the saae political partr.

l>

Vacucies occarria.1
while the General
Asaea.bl:; is ia ses-

(.J)

sion are filled in
suae 1111.11aer a.a full
tera appohtaeats.
VacaAcies occu.rriae
while General AsseablJ' is not ia seaaioa
are ti lied b7 GoYeraor aad approYed

--4

(")

l>

tD

r

m

(.J)

•

N

~
~

34.-Composi lion and Appoint11ent of State Boards of Public Wei fare-Continued

TJble

N
I->

Terms

N

t\et ho1 of

t-. um - 1 o t 0 ! ! 1ce I s el e ct1 0:i
Sll.!!le of

~.1m• o f

3 ta.te

I

ber

Ro tat-

Br Go v-

10 1

,.rno r

i;overo. 1ng
o!
o r a. dvi sor r t.:»rd

3 ta.te
.:t e,;.a rt!T!eDt

bo.1rd

nu,

Ot h-

3e rn-

~ r

er

_
be r s

o!
yea.rs I

I'"""

:f~IJn e rn.t 10 n

Qu.J.l if ica t rn::i:.

Li m. i tat i o o o n a.ppo t:,, tm e.a t

Provision ! or r ea.on l

Prowisi ott !o r
!illiai vacanci es
cre-a.ted by
1eath , re.sigHtion,
or re110v&l

l

Gos-,v- cc.:i.seD t
ern o r
o!

tJ' executhe couc i. l,

------I 3 tat e

Board
a ! 3cc 14 l
Welfare .

I

Sta t e B,,,. r d
o r Socia l
We lfare.

5 . • 1 4 . •.• 1 .. • . 1. ... - I X .•.. I Sl O p er
dl~

u .d

e xpe iu es .
S50C

pe r

Reco2n1zed i nt e re3t
in

>1. nd inD1.' l ~de e

o f pub lic ve l!,ire
p rot.l elllS.

A boa rd 1111ernbe r i s inel 1e 1ble
!or ,uy pub l i c o !flc e duri.11.e
h u tern o f a ppo in t l'!ll'!'at o r to r
2 ; e a. rs a. !ter r~t1re :ne11 t !rom

By Gove rnor t o.r eood
ca.use .

I

rut s uc h appoiD tnteats
te raiute 30 d&ys
a!ter th e conveaine
of t he aeu Ciener&l
Ass.. bly.

By

Gneraor !or ua-

expired tena.

Depa.rt-13 ta. te Boa r d

o.t Wet-

T'le nt

5' .• l4

of WeUare •

f.l.re.
0

m·
;c..

per lC ttllen o! S tat e ,
d 1ei,, aud
appoi nt ed !r am
~xp e u es .
3 t a. t e & t large o n
ba s is o f intere s t
in public a.f!a i r3,

"'

0
0

-

00
fl)

! o ui s i,'D>

··-··I

(Sn n;,uat i a.}

o!

j u1 i 111 en t,

,u r public offi c e, but i l'T\T'l e di a t e ly upo:,, retire~ nt !rcfll the

0

)>

z

board l1 e " .ay !. tacd as J. c andidat e ! o r public o !!ict- . 15

and

Welfar e.

o! publ ic we lrare

probl e1T1.::1 .

W.e l!are- .

named

Hea.l tl1 and
W~lfo r e .

t1a. ryl a nd - -----) IDard o f .St:1t~

Uoa r rJ

ot

lld&A'.!Cha ri t l~s .

Sta te

Ai d

.1n!.l Cl1 &r it 1~::s .

t o t he- t,0,,1rd.

.8

11

-

I 4 -· - - 1 - - - • .'. •• -1- ___ -- 1t! l p t.:D '.:iCli

m

-I

De- 1.lCodvundi,ory1
•1t•·16····1····1x 10•. l._._..le,~...•..l.................._, lwo,un
,, nd 2 me,nber. o ! the
l of
f!l tn ori t; p.s. rty ~hall be
and

-n

)>
~

t e rm o ! rne:!lb~r$ld p a
board l'l!.'.:'l11be r ts 1ne l 11ri b le !or

M.ine. - ••• • . • . jSta t e
pa rtmeot of
HeJ.lt h

r

r

0.Hin r

Depart-1 State Pub[loud
15 ··1··-··-1/•1., X. .. 1•···-·1 bpeo;e, ··I Recogn
ized iot e rest
li c
in
lmow l edie

State
f!l.ent a! Publ ie W~l!are.

~

rn

rn

.ind know l e-dg '.:' and
abi litj' i n t h e
f ie ld .

N
a.

0

0

(/)

•... 1. ... 1x ... 1...•. . 1s1 0

goo d

~

CD

r

G)

U lH.itPl.

-- ----1 State

-I

rn

r

t!H! boa. rd, fi

ll al\ UO !M X-

Ken tuck:1·

-I

)>

-0
C

~ !l.l. l C

lowa. - C.On t d - - -

K,1t1 s as __

•

(/)

••

lfot l!IO rt-

t h.i n 3 r t":l iden t3 o r

any COUD lj

or

bQl.rd 11emb,n.

C I t )'

shall be

Fill ed t or unei.p1rcd
te ni la !.AW M DDer

"' orle iHI appolnt ..-nt.

~-tt• .I SU.tellepart-1
Ad,laor 7 \? ··\ 3
- t ti. Pltb- !loud of

11
···\····\

x•.·1······1 lllpeuea ··1···················12 ae•bens
of
wo.ea.
be

the board

■hall, ••••••••••••••••••••••

State Dopart ■ ent
of Public
Welfare,

lie W.Uare.

--

MicUcu •.••.. I State aid are State old
aasletaace
bureau

...

liD

uoe burea11

tbe State
W.lfare Dep&rt•atl,

laee D1-

re-ctor ot

State Welfare Depar taeat,
table 351,
State l!ae1'- State l!ael:'- 3 •• 1.•••.• 1 ••.• 1 X .•• I •••••. I Bzpenses .. , ..••....•.......... , ............................... , ..................•...
1e11c7 Wel1eoc7 Welfare .Relief
Coalaaloa,

Hi■ae10ta ..... I State

fare Relief
Coalal<>,,.

I

Miuiulppi

···1 State IJepart-1
• ■ t of Put>-

lie Welfare.

0

<g

Hia10ari •....• 1 State Social

"'

Collaiasicm..

State Board I 3 ··I 4 ····1 ····1 X ••• 1. ····•I hpeuea •.
of I'll blic
Welfare.

a:-tsaiaa..

CT

'<

C")
0
0

-

ca
( i)

l vcau &ad not 110re the.a. 2 of
a&M political p&rt7. He■bers
•1 not hold &11.1 other luc rat he office.

ezpe■ ses.

State,& t&J.p&Jer,
and a qoalified
•oter of the State
for at least lO

years.
Site footaotn at' ead of table.

By Governor for

feaaa.ace,

•l-1

nonfea-

saoce, or ur other
cause wb ich renders
.ember oafi t for office. A meaber mat be
re11.oved for exerting
political influence
to induce members or
oUicers to cbaaee
their aUiliatioa •

be nonpar-

For uaexpired tel"ll ia
saae 1111.nner asoriginal appointment.

BJ Governor for un-

At ao tl■e shall ■ ore thu l
aeaber be a reaideat of an7 l
of tbe 3 sapreae coart distric ta lu now c01LStit1nedl of
the State.

I &ate Social 15.·1 •• ···1 ····1 ·····1 X. •••l l!xpeuea ··1 Appolatee
1111St be a IThe co■■lsalo• ■oat
Sec arity SecuritJ
residea.t of the
tisaa.

N-

C.

13 ··1 ······1 6 ·1 ·····1 X •···j 3&1&17 nd
8

Bo&rd State Bo&rd
of Control.
of Control.

expired tena.

a::r

)>

(J)
(")

-I

GoYernor, after
.aotice a.ad hearin,i,
for rross iaeU iciency, neglect of dutr,
-.lteasaace, nonfeasance, or ■ isfeuaace
la office.

Br

By Governor for un-

expired tena.

)>

a::r
m

r

(J)

•

N
,_.
\J.)

TablB

....

1,.-Coaposition and Appointaent of State Boards of Public Welfare-Continued

N

~

I

NUii-

St&te

Na111e of
State
de-partaelt

Nuu~ of

Kethod of

of off i ce

selectioD

11~

bers

f•-ber

of

years,
Board
llepart-1 State
of Public
meot of Pub-

!lontua ···-··· I St&~

Br Go,-

ber Rotatine

o!
lfOff'rDiDI
or ad-Yisory board
boar'1

Ter.s

~

•• I 3 ___ _

Oth-1

er

~

Go,,-

~•rnor
wi tb

aeration

Qualification ■

Li ■ i t&tiaa o ■

appointaeat

Pro•isioa for re.:>nl

enor oaseat

I

ProTisio■ for
fi llinr Yac&ncies

created by
deatb, resiraation,
or re.o'l'al

of

1. ... I

per
diew and

Appointee amt baYe

e:ipease-s .
Per die ■

perieace la ch'ic.
Attain and • t •
ters of public
welfare aad ■aat
be a cit ize■ of
State a.aS reside-at

not
e,ceeds:!'.XJ
&DllU&llJ.

lnter~t a.ad e1-

No aewber of tbe State board
shall baYe UJ direct ti ■ a.n­
cial i1terest i ■ or profit by
u7 of the operations of tlie
State Departant of Public
of l ta a,eaWelfare or
cies . 3

a, Governor tor caas.e -1 BJ Go•enor tor anetpl red ten,.

------1 State

Board

State Board
ol

$4,000 per

uau ud

traTeli ■ e

expeaes.
0

co
;a.

:IE

••1

"Tl

)>

;cJ

!Tl

r

!Tl

Cl
CJ')

l'ot aore tlwl 2 board ■etlbera BJ Connor for ulteasaace, ao■ fea­
sbll be of tbe •""" poll ti cal
saace, or uy caaae
partJ or reside■ ts ia the :sue
that aates a llellber
No
conrressio■al diatrict.
board _ , a&7 earare Ill
belirlble or uf! t
for office. If tbe
other occ ■ patioa.

aa,

Lerlstaure doe• aot
cOllfl,. the anpeasloa <hlrhr lta fl nt
ae:uioa after
a.c.tlo•, t•e aetlber
aaspeaded la to be
relutated ud Ill nti tied to dn.v hll
PA1 tor the daratloa
of h la ■ 11speastoa.

[

••c•

,'l

0
0

&

~

I

Ne,..d& ________ , State Welfare State Board
of Relief,
Deiar1aeat.
Work PLl•■ iDr,

and

Pea~loa
Control.

I7-.14 ·---1----1 l.•.1----·-J

No coape11-

satloa.

r

!Tl

ae ■ t.

Nebraska

.,,

r

diatel7 precedhr
date of appoht-

X

)>

--4
!Tl

(")

for 5 Je&r!i 1 ~

I Control. I3--1 •--1--·-1-···-1 -·--1
ot C.Oa trol.

CJ')

-I

CJ)

uo

■ ust

1
6

•
C

Senate

1'el!an,.

lie W.ltare.

Reau.-

l woun •st be appointed to
th• board.

vhn h
hh dlacretloa It

By GoYeroor

H8118 &dYh&ble,

Appolntaeats to fill
•acaacie• occarriar
d■ riar a lerislatin
sessioa aast beaade
belore tlie ead of
die sessioa aad wltbia 5 da,-s alter uy
ao ■ iaatloa

shall

b&Ye tailed of CODtiraalioa. 18

All appoiau1nt11 UM
by the Go•eraor to
till a117 .-aca ■ cr
shall be •de for a
tent of 4 r•an.

r

)>

--4

0

z

Now &llpahin, -

I State

St ate Boa rd

Dopartaent o!Pub-

3 __ j 3'

--- 1----11 14 -1·--· ·•I _SB per d i om

llc Welfare.

Reco1n i1ed ill t ereet
i D &D d know le dge

&Dd e rpen-

of Pu bli c
Wel h. re.

No t 1110re t ha.n 2 o! &ame poll t i -

cal pa rt y may be membe r s

8)' Gove rnor ll Dd CO Uiicl 1 at anr t i11e t o r

For u.ae:1pind tera.

cause .

the boo. r d.

of p r o b l e ms o !
publi c o.ss isu.uce

ses .

or

&nd pub li c we llAre,

liew JerseJ

----1 State

l'inu-

cl&I. Assistance

eo-h-

siOA. u
State De-pert- 1 Boa. r d o!
■eat of IaControl o!
Su.te Destitutioas

1010_1

B--- -1-- --1 ____ _j X -- --1Ne cessar)'

t he boa. rd must

l membe r ot

~

By Governo r at

ro r &:ood

& V OSll&D, !-

e 1 ?'°D SC5 ,

an)'

t i me

a.n d su t!i-

BJ GoYenor for uae,pl""1 ten, 01i,.

cieo t cause .

pa r tmen t o t
Insti tutions

and Are ■-

cies.

and

Aii:eD-

c ies .
New Medco ___ _ State Depa.rtaent ot Publie Welfare.

1

St;ite Boa. rd
of Putil i c
We l fare .

17

5

.l 6'

17

ment of Social ll,l!are.

P.ecognize d in t e res t
i n a. ad knowled11e
o! pub l ic welfa r e
prob l ems.

Sl. O per W.cm
and e1pe~

ses .
d iem

Per

m.1.1
oot e 1ceed
S500 a. nnu a lly.

1

New Tort ------1 State Depart-

----i-----1 l ___ _

St.s t e Boa.rd
o r Socia l
Wel!a.~.

15

-1

5 -· ..

X ___ • I $20 per die111

I

l'I

expired tera.

Mc-rnbe r.J :nust be Ji.ppoiu t ed tram

each a !

t he 9 j ud i c i al dist r icts or t.hc- ;l t ate , a.nd 6 rrorri
the StAt e &t lJ.rg e . No meii be r
sha ll ~e rve m re t ha n 2 suecessive t e nn s o l 5 re.1.rs , o r

1Ull1 Cl;>en-

ses .

Per

die111

ma}"

oo t exceed
$1 , COO an -

nua tly .

fo r

0
<1>
C.

~

0

0
0

-n

Qo

i'lu r e

t h.in

1 0 s uccess i ve

:,ea. r s . So mefl'l bc r sl1a ll 'le n·~
on t he bmrd while he is A
trustee , mana ge r , d u e-c t o r,
otricer , o rme:11be r of th e 11o ve rn 1n2 boa r d of any i ns ti tut i o n
!iUbJect t o vi s i tatioD o r inspec t ion by the Sta te Boa r d o !

~-

.:.·

By Go•eraor for aa-

North Carolina_! State Board
of Charities
a.nd Public
Welfare.

I

By Go ve rn or !or c3use: ,
."\ft e r :!..lJ oppo r tuai t )'
(or tt her"l nag. A board·
mel"l be r who is a.bs.ent

Br Go,enor for

a ■-

e:a;pi red tera with
add ce and co ■ seat
of Senate.

fr om 3 5ucce s .sive
l!'~e t in1c!>-, unl~ ss exc used by Co TT'VLl vo t e
o f the boa rd , !', t1all
be dcesried to ha.v·c v.1 ca t ed h i ~ position .

CD
)>

(/)

()

-t

)>

Soc ial Welfare .

St ate iloa rd 1
of Charit ie,- ,'\Dd
Public Welfare.

See footnotes at end of table.

' -- -16 ___ _

1" 1.1----- -1Eipcnses

--

l

WOl!Llll

boa r d.

must

be

CD

narr.ed OD the

Br GoYenor

for ••-

expired tem.

r

m

(/)

•

~

(J1

Tab111 .3'.-Coaposilion

Teru

~
Stateof

State

departaeat

N1111- of office

I

Nue of
ron:rDhi

~
of

18,
en.or

7eanl

Nonh O.to,a

--1 State

Pnblie Welfare

State Public
Ve 1 fare

Board.

of State Boards of Public lelfare-Conlinued

1- - 16• ---1----1 I 111

(Joy

en.or
with

I

Reauaeratl,_

I

Qaallflcatlou

Otlucma _____ _j State Departaeet of PubUc Welfare.

ico■seat!

of
Seute

hpeuea

--l---·-·-------------11

~

lleUare.
Orero•

--------1 State

PeaaorlYBDI&

--1 Slate Dopan-

~
Rhode lslud

_J

tllle boll.rd.

be,.,

-1 Jbr-..e:ueaplred
wra la
--

• r u orl,-

C..!ttee.

State Beard
of l'llbllc

Uc Aullt-

.IMlatuce.

uce.
lllaca llepart-111!.tectOI' of
l'lltUc Velf&N , _
....1• •,.

(")
~

)>

'I' ---1---- I I ---1------1 hpeases

I

111 1-1 x_ __

.

v"J 6• __ J____ 1'l"'.•

a,

-- Appohtee- baYO
,_.i..ec1 late-•
la ud taowledce
of pabllc welfare
prolll- aac1 aut
be at leaat 30
rean of .. e, clt-

Bcarclj-!"'-1------1----1-----1------1 lloaatioa.
coapea-

of Pllbllc
Welfare.

CD

r

"Tl

ial>le 351
State Public 9 --1
Welfare
Camsslon.

l'llb-

- t o! l'llblk: W.lfaN.

Goftnor !Dr caose

fare lsee

State

)>

m
r

latter Slate llellef 7-_

Coal t tee.

Mat of

011

n1eraa ••t

pDl>llcwel-

I

-I

-I

m
C

Director of

of

U■ l

GoYenor for

eipired tera.

•a-

--1 C!tlHH
State.

r
m

G)

r

)>

-I

0

z

.,.... __

hpe-

::c,

m

CJ)

ted

·~

s,ate
Beard
or Pa bl! c

NIIDYal

•h&l appoluaeat.

State tor at leut
5 reara precedla,
appoht•at.

0

World War
uaed

States, ud a q,ullfled elector of

Q.

real1 ■atloa,

•en
-0

0

;;;

I

or

~

0

Pro•lsloa for reaonl

ProYl ■ loa for
fllliac YIIC&IICla
created bJ

deatb,

lse ■

~

Lia! tatioa oa appoh tuat

Board.

OUo- - - - - - ----1 State Departaeat o! Publie lfeU&tt .

....a,N

Hetbod of

1.,
of

Appolnl■enl

selectloa

Rotat-

Ian- Otb- Go~or &dYisory
board
..... ber
er

bers

and

I

of tbe No -ber aball aene aore th&a
2 couecat!Ye ltrM. Ke-..
- , aot hold offlct la ur
poll tlcal pan1.

a,

Goftraor for .....
Hplnd tera.

State

U■e•-1 State Uaea-

u..r Coai.,..

pi.:.ae■t

ploy ■ ent
llolief a.-

sl011..

■1 .. 1oa.

Be-

1"■-1------1 l"'l- I

I---•------

GOperclla ■

uderpeio-

.....

11

officio

2 -r■ fro■ tbe Se■ate ud
2 fro■ Ille Boue; l M■ber fro■
eacb bodJ to co■e fro■ eacb
■■ Jar political party.

■ e ■ bera

recehe ao
ccapeuatloa. 11

So■tb Carollu..l State Departllo&rd 17 --, ~
1----1-----1------1 IIOper
Pub- , State
of Public
ud die■
N -

_ , of

llc llllltare.

■lle-

ace. 1200

Welfare.

per ua•
■■11-.

Soatb Duota __ State Dop&rtof Social Seca.-ltJ.

••t

Secar1t7
State
So<;l&l.15 •-16
Q:aussioa.

----,----,I---,------, SlOperdle■

udexpeasea. 'lltal.
COllpeD.S&;..

tioa inclad la e

Br GoTenor for 111-

After lQ«l ao -ber ■ball be
ellclble to sacceed bl•elf
■or sb&ll ur clthea n:sldl ■ r
la the cou ■ tJ fro■ wlllcb the
preced.iq c01111isaloaer cae be
ellrlble to sacceed bl■. No
■e■ber of the Geaer&I. Asae■blJ
■ball be ellrlble lbr electloa
as cbait11aa or c01111isaloaer.

expited tem.

Not aore tlla 3 ca.lssioa ber■ ab&l.l be of tbe sue poll tical pstJ, aor shall a c01t■ l99ioner be a coaal ttee .....
ber or officer of &DJ poll tical partJ or1uiu.tio■ •

expeasea
■ ot
exceed
■ a1

Sl.00 per
110ath.

Teueuee

-----1

Dep&rt-t of
lastitations
aad Public
Welfare.

a.d:lsi.011er
at. iutitatioas ud
public ""1t&re

CD
l>

en

lstt

table 351.

0

TIii■■ _______ __J State
Board IState Board 13.-16 ----1--··l ····-I I ----1 M.200 per ICitiln oC tbe State.,--·-···········-·-----------·-of Coatrol.
of Caitp>l.
aaau.

<g
N-

"'

C.

CT

'<

C")
0
0

-

ca
( i)

State Old Are
Assistance
Colllissioa.

State Old
Are .lsslsta ■ ce Coa■ laslo■•

See footaotes at eod of table.

3

--1 e"

11 •

I---- I -----1 x_ ___ , SJ.Oper die■

:::.r

()

S, Qoyen,or for rood
cause, the reuoa to
be specified aad filed with the secretary
of state.

-t

l>
CD

r

m

en
S, Govenor for aaexpi red tera · witJa
adTice aad couea t
of tbe Senate.

•

N

.....,

~

Taoia

3,.-CQllposition and Appointment of State Boards of Public Welfare-Continued

N
......
0)

Terms

of o!! ice

O!
e
Sta te
department

Nall

State

I

Utah ----------1 State llep&rtneat of Pbblie Welfare.
Venmnt

-------1 State Depart-

raent of Pub-

lie WeUare.

State Old A,e
Assistance
Conliss ion.

V!rahla

Board
------! State
or Pub lie
We Hare.

0

<g
N-

"'

C.

CT

"<

C")
0
0

-

ca
( i)

I

j

!'ethod o!
selection

1'.:um!btatName of
~bor
goYerniae
of
inr
or advisory oar< (a1111- 0th- By
er Govboa.rd
aember
ernor
ben
of
years I

Gov•
ernor

By

with

R..,u~
I nerauoa

I

rlual 1flea ti ODS

Lialtatlon oa

appoi ■ tae ■ t

Provis lo• !or reaonl I

onsen1

ProYisloa for
fillia, Ta.e&acies
created br
death, reslc ■ atio ■,
or reaoTal.

of
Senate
-------1 No aore thu 3 appointees shall
be 11e11bers ot thesaae political partJ.

I

BJ GoYer■or for cause - BJ Go•en.or for ••expired tena.

"Tl

)>

::0

rn
S, GoYenor wlloa te1lsl&ture ta ■ot i ■

■ore tbon 2 -bers shall be
o! saae political p&rtJ.

or the State_l No

sesatoa.
No director, officer, ore■plo7ee of u1 State iasti tutioa
- , be appol ■ ted a ■eaber of

At pleasure of GoYeraor.

For uexpired ten. ta
sue 11U.aer • ori ,laal appolatae■ t ..

uce.

....

AbllitJ ud riuess
to ntablllll a peruaea t &JS tea of
public ass is ta■ ce
&11d pobllc ... 11are.

-I

z

Not ■ore tbu 3 board - n At will a■ d pleas■ re Br Go"'nor !or
shall be or the S&M poll tical
uplred tera.
or Go"'nor. AaJ Ylpart7. A board 11e11ber 1111at ■ot
olatioa bJ & - r
be a candidate for or bold uJ
o! the provlllou
public office ore1aa1e h •"1
c011cerala1 qaall!lcatiou ■ hall aat.opolitical act!YitJ other thaa
YOtlat,

en

r)>
0

tlle board.

Social

ud•-

r

rn
G)

l""l-,------

~ -- I 6 ----1----1-----1 X ----1 SIOper dlM

n
:IE

Depart.eat

lie AH!al-

r

rn

An■ UI,

Security.
Weet Vlr1iaia _ State Depart- State AdY!_,
Board.
••tor hi>-

.,,
r

---1----1-----11"'1--

or

)>

-I

rn

CD

I

State adTisor7 coa■ ittee to
the State

-I

C:

State ll'lard ,.. _15• --X ----1 Expenses --1----or Public
Welfare.
0-lssloaer
or public
welfare
lsee table
351.
State Old 3 --1 ~ ----1----1-----1 X ----1 SIOper die■ Citizea
A~ Assistud expe,1.. ce o,.,..
ses.
aission..
SIOper di,.
State &ard 5 --14•
or Pablic
udWelfare.
ses. Per
die. ■ast
IOl exceed
$1,000 per

Wuhia1toa ---- State Departaeat of Social Sec11rit7.

•en

Mticall.y "Y&eate bls
11eaber•hlp 011 t Ile
board.

■■-

Wisconsia

---··I

Peuioa depart.eat of
the ladastrl-

&l C.-issioa.
State Board
ot Coatrol.

W1oahr

Alaska

1'1, ■sloa

,._

I Y'"-1------1----1 -----1 ------1-----------1-------------------1 -------------------------------• ----------------------

partamt ot
the Iadustrl&l Coa■ issioa.
1
State Board, 3 __ , 6
ot CoatroL

l

---1----1-----1 X----1

I

District c1

fare.

dl"11 U1
exceed
Sl,000 per

Co-I Boord
of Pub-I Board of I 9--16 ----1----J i""J -1------1 No coape1lie Welfare.
PabUc: WelS&tioa..
fare.

--------1 Terri tor la l
Board

1

torlal
ot Terri
lioard
of

Public Welfare.

Public Welfare.

g
IQ

a

~

cr

'<

C")

-;::;-

By GoYeraor for uo-

for

e1pired term subject
to con.f i ntatioa bJ
Seu.te, a.a1 such •~
poiataent shall be

iaeUlclency, neelect
of dut7, or •lfea...
su.ce ia office. Before such reaoYa.l he
- , ah:e the fllellber
a public bearin1.

I

ID full force Htll

acte-:1 upoa bJ the
Seaate.

••ch

5"'-1 ••

&.QDIUl.

~

re-

111
Board I 5 -1------1----1-----1------I BXJJODSH --, -------------------• ------------------------------of Public
Welfare.
judicial dl-1----------------------1 Br Go•enor.
Territorial Territorial I
---1----1 I"I __ , ------ SlOperdl. . Cl t I• e • of the I l -ber froa
Department
Board of
udeq,eaUaited States a.ad Yisio■•
of Pub lie lllbllc Weises. Per
resideat of tile

of Publie Welfare.

DOt

0

llOft a.DJ

ae ■ t

Welfare.

Hawaii

■aJ

..e ■ber

Tbe GoYeraor

-------l Slate Depart-1 State

--------1

lu■bia..

1 -.ber auat be a voaaa. Heabers aust deYote entire ti ■e
ud atteati01 to duties of office.

S5,000 and
expeasea.

See footaotes oa followlq pqe,

17 --1 4

Terri tol'J' ud judicial dhiaion
from. vbicb appointed for a.t
least 5 Jean. ia■edia telJ precediaa appoiataeat.
Le1&1 residents of
the District of
Colallbia tor at
least 3 1ean.

---1----1 L--1------181peues --1-------------------1

Appoiatae ■ t

to tbe board •de
without re1ard to se1 or color. 4

l Maui,
~berud
froaIa.11a1.
Boo_olulu,
Sa... li,
3 aeabers
froa the Terri torJ at larae.
Any person holdiDe a.a elective
or appoh.the s&la.ried positio■ with the Federal, Territorial. or couaty 10Yeroaeats
is i ■elirible for board aeabersbip. Dariq tet'II of office ao board ae ■ber shall be
a candid& te for pablic off ice
or se"e a.s u officer er cca■ i ttee Mal:>er al. a11,1 political
_!lll_rty.

By Collllissioaers for
cause.

I

B, ec-issioners for
■ ne1pired tera.

Br

Governor for ua-

e1pl red tera.

a,

ln
(')

-I
l>
a,

r

m

(/)

•

N
.....
<.O

I indicates that the provision applies without lio:iitatioa ia a iiYen State.
1The board consists of the Governor and 6 ~mbers &ppointe-d b)' him.
8Term continues until s uccessor is appointed and quali!ied.
~ard members are to be appointed without reaard to political a!!iliation.
4Comissiont! r is an e1 otficio member o! the board 1u1.d serves as secretary.
6Bo.,.rd melllbers ~re to be a.ppoi nted without regard to poli tica.l or religious a!fi liat ion.
8With the adv ic e and consent of the General Asse,ibly.
'The board consist:s of the director and 6 l!lem.ber.1.
8

0
IQ

.--.
.,

~

CJ"

~

C"')
0

ar,:,

The colll!'dssioner of velta.re serves &S chairman ex officio.
~embers s ene durinri tenia of Governor or until their successors haTe been appointed
by succeedi,g i,overnor.
10 Counci t appointed by the Governor and his adYisory council.
11 Compo!'led of 6 me111bers with the Governor a.nd the director of health e1 officio ae•ben .
12 2 111em.bef'9 !lppointed 3.onually ~ the C,oyernor with the advice udcoaseat or the council.
The cOfflllissioaer ot t he State Department of Public Welfare l s 11a e1 oUicio ■ember ot the
board ,
13Appoiatment:s tn fill •acaucics occurrine betvttn sessions expire 30 da,9 tro111 the
time of the convening o! the session unless confir:ned at th e aeJt session. No Yacancr
shall be dee~d to ha.ve occurred between lefisla.tiYe sessions it there shall be a foilure
to nC111inate and coa!ir:n appointee.
14 Board appointed by the Governor with the adYice .nli con.sent ot his coaacil.
1 6The corrnission consists o! the Govern"r, ::itate treasurer , comptroller, cha.innan of
coMittee on appropriations of the Senate, Mdchait'T!lan of coanittee on appropriations o!
the General .,sse111bl y . The comt11ission selects a chaiman.
18 The board consists of 9 r.1e111bers and the Governor, e, officio.
17
The G,vernor is an ex officio mef!llber of the board.
18 Tbe 111emben ot the board are elected bJ the C,eneral Assenbl 7 upon rec011aeadation of
the Go•erM>r.

11
Appoiated bf the GoYenor, the attorney eeaer&l, ud the caa1issioaer of acriculure
ani.1 labor.
20 The St.ate board is composed of the Gc:rYeraor as chainaan, the chaimaa of the State
Board of Publi c A!fairs, the State treasurer, the State c011U11.issioner of heal th, aad the
adjutant ieDeral.
21
~eatbers sene at plea9ure of the GoYernor.
.uBoard coosists of State treasurer, the auditor reneral, &Dd 7 other ci tizeu of the
State
t 3 The CClVlissioa consists of the Governor, the Sta a budget director, a.ad the cc.apt roller, el officio; 2 11e111ben appointed tro11 the Senate and 2 fror. the House ot Representati•es. The tena of oUice e-1pire June 30, 1Q39, but t he 11e,11bers aust rema.ia in ottice
until July !l. 10:39, iD order to prepare the cOffllliSSioa's report to the Governor.
24 1 COf'ljlljissioner is el~ted frot11 t-ac h coniressioaal 1is t rict by the Gc!a.eral lsseabl:, .
Otairmaa. or the State Board ot Public Welfare is elected tr0& the Sta.teat larre hr the
General A.ssembl7.
2
6cor.r:iss io a MT not reuin in se5sion more than 120 da)·s in aa.7 l rear.
Hflie Governor is chainu.a of the ba&ri.1 .
n~iembers selected with the consent ot the General Assembl).•.
19 The ::ita te advisory c011111ittee to the 3tate Dcpart11ent at Social SecuritJ couists ot the
directors ot the State Departri1ent of Heal th and the Oepart11teat of Finance, Bu diet, and
8usine!Ss and the superintendent of public instruction, together with a represeatath'e of
the saperior court judges association and~ the State .usociation ct. county co111111issioaen.
'°The department con!Jists of a member ol the lndustria.l Coamissioa., selected bJ such
cOl!lllission, the director of the budiet, and the supenisor of pensions.
~ 0 The Goveruor, secretary of state, 3tate auditor, State treasurer, and saperiateadeat
ot public iastructioa constitute the State Board of Public WeUa.re.
s 1 Governor and 4 mewlbers coa.stitote the boa.rd.
82 5electioa ot the' boa.rd au.st be approYed bJ the Senate aad House at Represeatathes ii
joint session.
8 ¾mben appointed b1 the eo..issiooers of the District of Colubia .

N
N
0

•

CJ)
~
)>
~

rn

.,,
C

CD

r

(")

:IE

m

.,,

r

)>

::0

m

r

m

G)

~
)>
~

0

z

Tablt1 35.-Appoi nt■ent and Qual If I cation• of Executives of State Board& or Depart ■enta of Pub I ic fel
Metllod

fare
..&

ot aelecttoa

BJ GooState

Tora of office

Thle of ezecatiYe

!BJ

eraor
c-1
witb aia■
loa llonoeratlo•

Br

- - COUHt

el'lor I

ot

Qa.alif icat ion■

or

Pror1,1°• tor
YIC&DC1

ba&rd

uiua1

in Qff ~e

Seute
Pltuare olboud. 1••••• 1-······I I ..... / Filedbrbo&nl 1 .j Bdocatioa, abilltJ, aad

Alabaa- ........ f Coaiula.er ot State !Jlpartaat
of Pabllc Welfare.
Arhoaa ••••••••• I Caai•loaer of State DepartMat
of Social SecarltJ ud Welfare.

I

X-··••I

Pleuare of board.

Artana• ·····-·• I Caaiaal0&er of pabllc welfare ••I Pleuare of Gonr-1
nor.

I Pleanre
of I Pleuure
aor.

C&lUonl& •••••• 1 Director of State· Dep&rtMAt of
Social Welfare.

1

of boud •

Colorado •••••••• I Director of State Depart..at
of Go.er·
Pabllc Welfare.
Coauectlcut ••••• I Ca-luloner of welfare ......... 4 rears beflaalq
July 1, 1939.

x••• , •·-····

I·····I ·······I x• ····I

Fl:<edbJbcard1

Fixed bJ law

N

en

0.

- - - · --1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Fixedl>Jbcard 1 .! Clthu and elector for 5 rears, vltb at
leut 2 years practical basiaeaa experience &Dd aa1 qaalificatioas set bJ the
Gorernor.

I

C")

lndlua ••••••••• I Ad■ lnl.strator of State Dep&rt..,nt
of Public Welfare.

0

r"'i)

··I

Cl

Tralnin1, abllltJ, and experle■ce la public
welfare &d ■ iaistratioa.

ln
("')

x• ..

0

00

Trahlac, de11011Strated ablllt7, lelldership,
&Dd e1perieace h oreui&ed aocialwelfare
ad•iDiatration. 4

enor.
Idaho ••••••••••• I ec-1.sstoner of State Depart.. nt
of Public Aaalataoce,

llllnoia •••••••• I Director of public welfare !or 2 rears• ........ .
State Deparu,ent of P'ablic Wel·
fare.

0

'<

··I

I x" ..

Geor11&-········ l Director of State Depart..,lt of 12-7ear ten, con-1 I ••• , ••••••• , ••••••• , Fixed b7 law
Pllblic Welfare.
curreatwithGoY0

Trabln1, &blllt7, ud experleoce II field
of public velf•re.

Fixed b7 la, •. Tr&laln1, &blllt7, &ad experleuce ia field
of public weUare witboat recant to ~
lltlcal &ffill&tloa.

x. .... 1 (")

Dela,are -------Florid& ••••••••• I State welfare c-lsslooer •••••• I 4 Jee.rs .......... I X. ••

CD
~

.I

uperleace lo field
of public welfare vltbout re1ard to realduce or political affiliation.

See footnotes at end of table.

;;!
Cl

X. •••• 1.•••••• 1 Fixed b7 lav ••

I Pleasure of board· 1····· 1······· 1x" •··· I Fixed
bJ Genernor. 1

Garer■ or •1

aate teaporary
appoilt•nt u.tilae:u meetlne of Seaate.

r

rn
en

•

N
N

......

Taole JS.-Appointment and Qualifications of Executives of State Boards or

Oe,part ■ents

of Public Welfare-Continued

N

N
N

•

Met hod o r s~lKt 10n

Br G<J\•-

Tcm of office

Titlf' of execu t ive

S t a. t "

By

I

By

ernor
Wl th

Ie rn or consea
t
or
Gov-

Cl)
COff'-

ffllSS

IODI

r r 0Ti.51nn to r ftl l111.2
\',IC,\H C T ill o!f ic t

Ou:a.l1!1c. a.t1ons

Re111Jnt'r.1.t 10 0

or
bmru

?lt"4..-.u r ,..

C

---- - -- X:-- ~--1

F1J:,.db)·Do.ul1 2 .

bP{":i a. res1Je11t

Plea.s u~otbO.J.rd.1-----1------ - 1 X .• •.. I f u edbybo.\rd 2

leontuckf - -------

CommL~sioner

or W'e lf ar-e

Gover-1 x . .. I....... I... ----1Pit ed

Pl ea.sure of
aor but 11ot more I

---- -·---

1

I

I

bJ l aw

0

Looi ~i ana ••• ••• • ! COIJlll)issiooe r of St a t e Depa,rt 111eat
o! Public We lh.re .

N
a.

HA lne

"'

~

0

0
0

-

00
f l)

Ma ry h.nd

I

I Xl o _

--------1

Mass<\Chuse tts ___ Corcnias i ooe, r of public welfare ••

15

Jll!&n

:E

l'T'I

r

-I Reco.: aiied

"T1

1111ter es t, h 0ot ledee, And e Jtec ut i •e a b i ll t r l n the O d d o.r social we l -

)>

! 11.re.

l'T'I

--1!1e rit

I !ice .

a nd r ltne"s t o

pe rto· r■

dat ies of of-

::0
Gove r nor mar a ut hori ze t be
~ad of a d ivi sion or ot hr-r
exec utiv e ot!ic er i11 t be
~pa ru1eat t o act a.s hea.d
of aac h de p&rt mr ot atll ii
the &b se oce or d isa.bility
of th e coi.. issio~ r is t e ri.in&ted or the -Y&CA.ac, is
lilled.

-----------1

x10 •

F i lled i ■ S UI! 1111.aoer as
ori.e ia&l a.ppo iataea t .

Fixed bJ Gave r nor &Dd
c il.

coua-1

x_ ___ _

B1ecut iv e secttt,UT of Board of
S tate .Ud aDd Cha rities.

(")

X-- - -- 1 Pited brboard-1 Trai 11i ae, abilit1 , and eJtperie oc e in public
~lfare adm l ais trati oa .

PlellSure o! boa. rd .

C'..orlll!IJ.SS i ooe r of heal tb&od welfare.l 3 7ears o r darine:
pl e&s.a re of Gov ernor a.nd counc il.

r

t o S ta.te boa.rd e11t-

t hao 4 yea n.

m·
;c..

aJ

or

the SU.le !or
at lea.s t 2 ;,ea rs uaedi.., t ely p-r~c td1oz e mploymen t Cid t1Ul.$t quali ! J 111 a.• UUlill.at ioa cOYe-rtnl ,eaeral t riu uac. ctt.a racter ,

1'tust ha.v"

&nd f!t perteoce fiYeD
plor~s .

K,U1sa.s ·----- - --- Dtr~ t or of.-itat e Board of Soc L\l
We.U .a.re .

Fil'!'d b7 boanJ 1

_

Tr&i n iai &Dd pract ical ex~ri~nce i1 soc ia l
velfare and relief vork.

Fixed by Gove r nor and couac il . 1

Mic h ig...n -- . ____ _ j Dl rector or St &t,., Welf are Dl!pa r t -, Utt 11 succe sor is 1---- -1 X ____ _ , ____ __ _ F lz ed by l eg Is- Hua t de-vot eea t i ~timet o dut ies of office-I F i lled bJ au.thor it r •ki•a
origina l appoiataent.
l.at ive- approa ppolated and
~nt. 11
qu.li f ied .
pri&t ion.
Do .
Chalnna n ol Sta te E"' r geocJ Wei- -··-· do_·-- ······ I ..... IX·-·-· •·-···· · - -·-- do .••• • •• • •••• do
f are kP l ie f Cou1 lss l011 !see
StA t"' E ■ tt r•nc:J We lt•~ h l i.d
c,..1119111 }1-. t c n, tabl-., 34 1.

-l

.,,

1

or board -1----

)>

l'T'I

$• 04:e

Bo.ul! o r Soci4l

low•

-l

r

l'T'I
G)

Cl)

r

)>

-l

0

z

:::::::~I .....I

Stm cmaluiooer of pabllc
fare.

wel-1 Pleuare
of board, I·····I······· IX····· IFixed by lw -· INat
••1&1• .la otborbasiae:~-.-~:;;.::
b•t not to e1.or eaplo,-eat darhe
of ortice .
101

ceed 4

1•• n, .

appoht ae ■ t

a Ible.
!'tissoarl .. .. ............ J State adahietrator

4 ,ean

te-MII

Repaa-

---·------1----- X -----1------J

Mo■tua .................. lStateada:ialatratorofpablicwel-1Deteraiaed bY1-----1-------1x 1 •
fatt .

......

J Pix~d

I

b7 1111 .... Citizen a■d tupa,er for at least 10 Jears
with education aDd e1perie1me h public
we-ltare adlliaistrat ion.

,FixedbyboanJ

8

..

IResident of State for~ :,ears with iedaca-

board.

tion, trainiar, and abilitJ in pu'>lic wel-

fare adainistratioa.

Sebruka .............. .. !Dlrector at aasistance .................. 12

,e11rs

Iu

1 18

NeYOd& .......... I Secretary of State Board of Re-

lief. Won:
Colt rol.

Pla■ aiae,

1State
coaissioaerof
tare.

Pilled bJ Gooenor peadiaf

Filed by;,o,er■or. 1

coatiraatio11 br Lerislature.

X •••••

aid Peas ion

public. wet

Pleasare of board _

X-----IPU:ed b7 lw • • ,Citizea of the United States aDd of the
State of Ne,11 llaapshire .

Nev JerseJ ______ eo..tssioaer of isstltatioas and
a,enc ies .

Pleas are of bo&rd _

X ____ _ lf'Ded b7boa.rd 2 • Office all5t be- iD UDClassiriedlistot civil set"Yic~ . Not li ■ ited to resldeots of
Sta.te . 16

Sew Huq11hlre .... ..

l ..... I Ft.od bf coniis-

Director off ioanc ial asa i.stilDCe _

s ioa .

New- Hez ico ____ __ f Di re-ct or of State Oepartaent of
Public Wolf are.

New Tork

--------1

State ccaaissioner of social vel-

tare .

I

I Plll!uure of board_

I •...•

North Carolina __ Caaissioaer of pablic velt&rll! __
North Dakota

----1 Szecat iYe

-----1

! Pleasure of board -

Fixed bJ boan1 1 • j les ideat of State for l ,ear wit!\ t raiaiai,
experience, and abili tr ia public welfare
administration.

Trained social worker _______ ______ _______ _

X'"

directOt"

I-----1

Ple.asure of board -

'"

O•io _______ __ ___ lO irector of pQblic 11eU&tt------1 PLeasureofGmer-1-----1
, • • •PP ■ adta I . J
nor.

0

OtlahOIU.------ - -1 Dittetor of pablic11elfare of the
State Oepartaeot of Public Wel-

0.

~

0

r2rv

en

■ inistratioa

c;

2N

Cl)
]>

Filerdb7b0&rd . l Resident of State for 5 1e&n1. with wide
e,r;pe-rience, edocatloa , and traiatac in ad-

f&~.

Se-e roou.otes at eDd of table.

I Pleasur~
1·

■ issioa.

of

cao-1·····

X-----1-------1 Pixed bJ
·

------- 1

I

l

of pablic and /or yr-hate welfare- institations, qe acies, ud &cthdties. 16

t.aw •• May not holdanotber office or ,c.ltioa
profit .

X _____ Pixed b:,board
·

-I Abillt1,

C)

tori Theas uaiataat
director- a.ct•
director of

trahine:, ud experieDCe ia tbe
field of public welfare . DirKtor amt not
be a llellber of the c01111issiOD .

d~rtae ■\

ant il •acuc7 is tilled.

~
Cl)

rrn

en

•

N

~

Tool e 35.-Appo i ntment an d Oual,f i ca t i ons of Execut i , es of State Boards or Depar t men t s of Public Welfare-Contin ue d

N
N

.i,.

•

~t ti od o! 5el~ctu, n

Br Gov S tat e

Title o! ex~ 1.u1v'='

By

1~m o! o t! 1u

GO'>·e r nor

By

I e rn or
WI

mtss ton

th

Pr0\•1 s 1on t or f 1lli nc
v,ic .1.nc y Io otr le '°

COl'l-

Re mur.~ r 11-t i on

)1nl 1! 1c: ,, t t Qn~

or

c on.3~ nt

of

I

ho.ant
"'O

thl'"

S ta t e

Depart!TW2'rlt o f Publ. 1c

C
CD

X- ----1 Fiu!<H Y>OAnl 4 -ye,u t e rn bl!l inni ne 3d

r

Fu"<i ::,y law __

X - --- -

0

TUf:ll d~ y

::IE

i n J anuary ne xt
f o l low l Tii' elec -

A.-.s1 s t ~nc~ .

rn

t.io n of Gr:wf'rn or. e
Rhod !I! ls l~"l n.l _ ___ ) Di r ector o! Public: We lfa. r r __ __ _ _ Appo in t ed b t"! nni- l _____ 1 X ____
a. 11 'i a nd hold5
o tr ic.e at plea.sure o f Gove rnor. 6

501ir :tl Ca ro l ina .. )St ,1,t r direct o r o r publlc lli el!a r ~ _ HolJ, oll ic •until

r

J_____ _J Fl x~

-n

b y law _ _

1

Br Gnv~ rn or. 1n s ~ man~r
as o r 1 g i ri a 1 a.ppointl"ii'"nt .
Gov~rn o r rrmy m.rtk~ a. d i nt ~ r i 111

_____ _

.<J. ppot ntrne-n rs .

1-- ---1---- --- 1X- --- -1FuedbyboarJ

2

State De pa n~nt of

Soc i a.I s~urit y.

r.. nne5~(.>r
c;
lC

Te i as

0
~

IX __ _

---- -- -----1 E1"!'C ut i Ye

di. r ec t o r of di v is i o n of

Fixed by 1.a.wl"__

Appo in t e d ~olely on basts of meri t ~asu r ~
b)' educ:a n o n, a b iluy, experience, and J.J111i ni s trat io n o! public we trare ..1ctiviti es
wi t hou t r ei a r d t o t"esidence o r po U t ic &l
at! il i&t i on.

nor . 11

Pl~asure of board

-1 ----- 1------ . I X ____ J
_____

1

__ _____

1

I

F ix~ by b oa. rd ' _. &xec ut ive a b i 1 ity and e xt ens i v~ e x pet" 1e nc e
i n publ ic wd ht"e.
St ate wi t h r e:,idenc ~ in S t a.te
lea~t 10 rears pr ecedi ne dat e o!

X- - ---1 Fh~d b y law __ lC i ti r.en o f

fo r at

Age Ass i s ta nc e COffll'lis5ion.

&ppoiD t llk"'llt . Must be a t least 35
old a t t i llll! o! appoin t ~nt . 111
Utah

Di r ec tor ot State Depa rt 111e nt of
Pab l ic Wdta r e.

X ----- I Fued by bO&rd -

Plea.s ur e of boe.rd _

Vermont ___ ____ __ j Cor11111 1ss ion~r of pub l ic wt lta ~ __ 2 rears . I Appoi nt -

ed bieania ll J,
dur he siess ion of
Gea ieral

bly . I

Aa ~

rn

r

rn

en

Faed byGover-1 St anda r ds f l x"!d ti }' Sta t e c:ol'l!Tll5Sion ______ _
no r. t

Pl ea.su r e of Gove.r-1 l __ _

pub lic welfa re of St&t e Board
o! Con t r ol.
Exec utive d ire c t o r of Stat e Old

CJ'

'<

0
0
00

or Gover-

::0

r

ta. re.

~

8.

----- - -! Co!fllllissio oer o f ins t it ut ions and
public wel! a ~ tor t he Depar tment
o f 1n5t it uti ons a nd Public Wel-

P l eas ur e
not".

)>

G>

_

h i s succ-e s sor has
been a ppointed.

Sou t h Dak o ta ____ I Di r ec t or of

l>

-l

rn

3': nate

OrefO n - • - - --- - - - Adm in i~ t rA t or
Pl"'nM y l Yac11a • ••• Sec retary of publu: a ss is t an ceo!

en

-l

X -----

Fixed b7 law

-- 11 18 )

yeaf'S

)>

-l

0

z

...

x•o

Director of old qe asslataace __

; Vlriinla -------1 State c....,issioaerolpublic velg
tare .

At pt.a.sure of Go,-

f

Pleasure or Go.er-

...
=

Wash in2t011. ______ , State director of social security_

X11 - ,_ ______

e r nor tor tem

Fixed by coa,miss ion. 9

L------1 Nee es sarr e1-

not'.

In sarrr 111n.nner as orijlinal
appointl'lent.

pens~ a.nd such
salary as uy
be appropriated for the
purpose.

coincident vitb
that of GOl'eraor
■ akinr the &ppoiat~nt. 1

----, L----1-------1

It a Y&eancy occun w'1i le

Fixed 2by GOYer-

nor.

assist-16 reamed
7ears, unless 1-----1 l-----1-------1 Fixed bJ l.w __ , Trainiar, ex~rience, capacitJ, and interat plea.sest ia public wel!are

West Virrinia ___ I State dittctor of pablic
ance of the State Depart.eat of
Public Ass is tance.

actiYiti~. 22

are of Gore nor.

WU!:comia _______ Su~"isor of pensions _________ _

I ..

Vycain, _________ Director of State Depart.eat of Plea.sure of boa.rd_
Public Wel!are.
Alaska __________ Welfare director ________________ f 4 Jears. HaJ be
ttllO'fed at pleas-

l _____ f Fixed bybo&nLI Trainine, ability, and experience in pablic
~lfare ad ■ iaistration.
X_____ I Pixed bJ law __ Citizen of the United States and resident
of the Territory at least ~ rears imaediately precedioe bis appointaent.
( 24
Fixed bJ' law--1 Proper traiDi■e aad experience------------

ure of boa.rd.

Di!itrict of Co- I Director of public welfare-----lumbia.
Hawaii ----------1 Di ~tor------------------------ I Plea.sore of board.

,u) ------------------------

0

N
a.
~

"'

0

0
0

-

00
f l)

----

>--I

X-----1

X indicates that the provision applies without limitation la a ei•en State.

m·
;c..

the Senate is not in session, the GoYernor shall
make a temporary appoint'""nt until the next meP.ting
of the~nl'lte, when he shall
present to the Senate his
nomination for off ice.

1
With the approval of the Go-fen.or, &Dd within li■it set by l&v.
2Within li■ it set by law.
sAt lea.st 4 members shall aeree on appointment or re110Tal of tbe dirKtor.
'Hay not be affiliated in &nJ vay with an institution subject to exuinatioa, inspection, or sapenisioa by the department.
6Fixed b7 executive coll.Dcil of the State.
9 Appointed by and with advice and consent ot tbe General Asse■bly.
7
The Governor is a coannissioner, ex officio.
8Term continues ant il successor is appointed and qua.lified.
~itb advice aDd approval of the Governor.
1
oWith consent of the COUDC il.
11 The director is the e1ecutive of the State old aee assista.nce bureau created within
tbe- State Oeparttftent of Public Welfare.
12 Io cooperation with the GoYernor.
HIHay be t"elllOYed by t be Gorernor.
14witb couent or tbe ajorit7 of tbe Leei.sl.atore.

Fixedbyboard 2 li_
15 0fficer must devote entire ti~ to perforaance of his duties16subject to the apprmal of the GoYernor.
17
Fi1ed by the General Assett,ly on the GoYernor's recmiaendation.
18
Hu:st not have occupied any electiYe State office 6 ■onths prior to his appointment.
19
Hust not be the owner of, or in an1 way interested in any corporation or association
subject to the supenisioo of his department, except as a policy holder in au insurance
c001pa.01 or a depositor in a bant.
20 Governor desi2nates ODe of the aelllbers of the connission as chair11&n. Sacb person is
tna,n as the director of old a£e assistance.
21 With the confinna.tion of the General Assembly.
uMust not be a candidate tor or hold any political past dnrine his term of office, or
!or 2 :,ears after expiration of his tel"II, A_o7 violation of this provision aatOIIAt icallJ
teminates appointment,
25 By the Industrial- Co•ission, in. accordance with ciYil se"ice ttquire111ent.
2 'By Co11111i.ssionen of the DistrictofColnlfbia on noaination of the board. Director 1111.1
be reJ110Yed by the Conuni.ssioners oa the board's rec011111endation.
nSa.lary is flled bf board. subject to approval by the GoYeroor.

CD
l>
(/)

0

-t

l>
CD

r

IT'I
(/)

•

N

~

Table

J6.-Coaposition and Appointaent of Local Boards of Public Welfare

N
N

0)

Tenis of of lice
Nu11.ber

State

Nute of board

Person or aeeac,

of
ae.bers

Cther

■U:iae

appoinllleats

Rea11aeration

Qualifications

Pro•isio1 for

Liaiu.tioa on appointment

retK>•al

---------1 Count1

board of
public welt.are.

)>

rn

'----- I 5 _____ _

Coan ty board of coa-

Expenses----------1 He11t>ers •ust

■ issioaers,

county
boa.rd of r"enue,
or other county

be

citizens

2 board .-.bers

■ ust

.,,

bf"WO!lff.-

of the couat7 with a rec-

C:

oeaized in.terest h puolic welfare.

r

CD

iio•eniDK bOdy. 1

Ariza••--------- IConnt1 board of
social securi t7
and pablic welfare.
Arkaasas--------1 Connl1 board of
pablic welfare.

3-----1 3

Is .... _J

1

-----L-------'

(")

County board of su-1 TraftliDe e1pe11~s-18o&rd consists of 2 citpenisors.
i&en. weabe-rs a.nd 1 eaber of the boa.rd of su-

j_ ______ _j

11 1----------------

g
N

~

C&llforoiA------IConntJ board of
public welfare. 1

17-----14------1--------1 Cout1
board of ••-I Truelin,inpeases-1-pe"isors. 1

-------

L)
0
0

-n

00

Coloraclo--------lCouur board o!
pablic weUare.

r

"Tl
:0

Recoenized i ■ terestia
and knowled11• of public

co

C.

rn

residents of different c011■ unities iD 'the county.

)>

welfare.

"'

:IE

The citizen 11e ■ bers ■ ust be

penisors.
5 ______

YOt-1

Hellbers •ust bequalifi~
Hay be re ■ o•ed by
en and ■ ust be appointed
State board for 111.lwithoat reli'ard to political
feasa1ce, nonfeaaffiliatioa aad ■ ust be so
sance, or ■ isfeado■ iciltd that tbey will be
saace.
li'eolilr&phically distributed
over the county, The, 1.ay
not hold a.ay other electhe
or appoia.the position, nor
■at a 111eaber be a retail aerchant. No ,seft!ber 1111.1 sene
110re than 2 consecutive tenas.

I

Not 110re t ha■ 4 aeaben 111.1 be I }-lea:bers shall be deesnot the sue $el, :~f"■ben uy M to ba't'e resieaed
not be oUiciallt counectl'd
u;,oo. .abseace fr<.:a 2
coosecut ive quarterwith ant institution l ■ tbe
coaaty supported by public
1, aeet inrs.
fuads.

-----

I l'l---l l'l----1--------l l'l----------------1----------------·-·1---

Connecticut ____ _
O'°lJWare ••• ____ _
Horida ••.••..•• I Count, 111eltare
board. 1

Jg ..

..

·-·--

-1
-1

year'J I

Alabua

•

en

GoYernor ........... - -1 ,io co.-peas.ation. - -

I Qu ... 1 if led
county.

~lector:1 or thfl

IThe

board ta cn,,•,.;:i',,:-11 of~ 1111,n
11:1'1 4 worrea.

I

GovPrnor Hf r~PtOYf"
,\ny """tr.ber for cau1f,

rn

r

rn
G)

~

)>

-1

0

z

Dis tr ic t board o f

( 1 ) --- \

4---- -- 1- ------ -1----- d0-- -------- --1

social 11elta re .

CoDllt~

board o f

clla rity.

16

1

•• ••

date ot appo iatment .
No comp ensa ti on ---! Boar d ■e111ber• raas t bet u
p a.1 e rs an d qa alitied
vo t,e rs ove r 30 yea r s ot
a2e ,

13------1--------1 a us 1on e rs .

Bo~ rd _o f COOtltf COft-

G"" r i i•------- - - 1 Coaaty board o f I 5 - - -- -1 3- -- - - - , ____ ___ _ Cou nt y comm i ss i one r
public we lfare. 1
or board of cou nt J
C00111iss i one r s , o r
th e co nsti ta te d
fi scal a gen t o r
eac h coaa t y wi t h
t he app r oval or t he
Sta t e departe-en t.

Co un t y ~el far e

I daho

( 1)

I ~- - - -- 1 3 • • •.• .

Ei pense•- -- - - - - -- - 1 Ci t izen an d elec tor or No Federal, Sta te , coun ty , or
Sta te to r ~ o! 9 years muni ci pal ortlclal ls ell11Ibl e ror board membershi p.
I mme di a te ly precedln11

lb pe us es _________ -

I Heabers

aene at
pleuare ot Go•eraor.

The boa rd coas is ts o f 3 ~ n
and 3 women . No iltecnber s hall
be r ela t ed bJ& Ulnit1 or coas.a.Gi uhi tJ wi t la io the 3d degree t o a member o r the boa rd
of co unt y comi i ss i oae rs or
anr o t he r coun t y office r.

No e lec ted off i cer o! t he Sta te
o r H t s ubd iv is i on shall be
eli eib l e t o r appo int ment t o
th e bo ard .

1

------ -- ---- ----1

E1pens es ____ __ ___ _

ccmmiss i o11 .

ll l i110 1s-- --- -- -

I Co u.ntydepa.nruent
o!

publ ic we l -

far e.

1

Couaty b1:1rean o f

puolic welfa re .

1

lndi ana. --------- 1 Co unt y board of 5 - - -- publ i.c we lfare . 1

I 4 •.

Judae o! t he count y

Tn.ve ling e1pea~s -

c ircui t co ur t .

Res i d en t o ( co unty f o r a t

2 board mestbe rs 11tust be 1'0tta

le&St 2 yea r s p r ior to

and :io t more thaD 3 me-mbe r s
shall be o! t be s&111e polit i cal pa rt y .

appoiD.t 111en t.

Mu5.t hav r.

recoin u ed in te re st iD.
and 1tnowle d1i1e o f prob lems o r public welfare .

Iowa

Count7

board

or 11 1-- - ,--- -· -- ·

0

b1:1s as - - - --- - - -

<g
N-

"'

Lo ui s 111 H -- - -- -

C")

Haine

0
0

-

ca
( i)

I Co unty

t>oa. r d of su-

S3 per dierq and e xpe nses . 1

[ 5.. .t.PP• 11 11 11. II, )

-1

Pa r is h bo a.rd o t

public wel!a. re. 1

See footaotes at ead of table.

5 I -- -

-1

11 I ----

11 1

1' 1---- -- -- -- -- -- -- --• -

a written aotice,
reao-.e a board aeaber for ■bcoa.dact,
iacapaci tJ, or ae1lect of datJ,

CD

ln
n
-I

1
Co unty bo a.n1 o! - ------1 - -- -- -- -1 --------1 ( )
soc i.l.l welCare .

)>

CD

rrr,

Ke ot uclty - - - • ----

C.

CT

'<

-1

l ye-art.

~rvisors .

soc ial 'lfel fa re .

Tbe J•dfe or tbe circat t coart a,, &ft.er

_, K1;,e 11 s e5 __ _______ _ Bo.ud a e n ber5 lflUSt be
citiu11s or the pa ri sh .

(J)

•

~
-...J

Table 36.-Collposltlon and Appqlntaent of Local Boards of Public Welfare-Continued

State.

1~ .1cte

ocardJ :~~

at

r..ibers

- -~ •

-

-

---·-,----- -

H,Hil11nd ____ __ _ _ Coun t )'

'of~llare l 7

oo., rd .
Mv1 s.O f)' weU.-,.re J ? .. ...

---~:.T

T~r llls o f o!f1cieRc tar. 111fil
I nu mb er

or
ye ar,s J

s ~mu oc r .'t.t \(In

Person o r ' ~" nr:;y

fhnl t t lc-1,ttou s

111., ku1~ appo t ntir-ent ~

Other

N
N

co
l1 :u1 -~t i o n on

Pro v t o; 1cm ! ci r
clp p,o \Ol 1t"it

ff' fl',() V

\l

~ 7 -····•-

So,,rd ot coun ty

No

c o■-

16 .. . .•. 1•• • •• •• .

C

Meebrr s r.;u •u llndersl.tnti
the ;, r ob lem.~ ot soc rn.l

CD

1

r

1 1 --· ·· ·· - ·

C,

welt<1 r e.

:IE

rn

11 I ___ I 3 or 5 .

Hicn ~.i.n ____ ___ _ Couol)' o ld a 1,1e
A.SSlstaoce board .

( 'I·--

Cou n ty welh re

3 · - - -·

rel 1er

1

.,,

1 1 .• ••

1

J

1

)

:1o1on.

o r the county.

· ---·· ···--·-·- -1

Sura E:ier8ency Jel !J.re Rel ie! Co1111dssion, with app roval
of Gover.a.or.

•clfard5 ' ---- 1i' -·-·· j· · ·-- -·- 1 111

Expea5es'

::0

rn

-· ·--- ---11 1 1 - ·--···--· ··-- ·· ··-··

E1p~nses ····· ··- --

•••••••••••••• •

••

•••••• •

•••• •

•

1

By autho rit y staking
o ri 1, 1u.t.l a.ppOl'Ol,-t'n t .

l1e111bPn mus: be
o(

r es111.-nt1:

t he COUIHf. 1

l o! t he- bo&rd ll'e'"'tJer, riust be
At lea.s t l but not
.1 wc~.1.n .
11K>re

'£.
a.

a

'<

Mi ss i ssippi

boa rd of
----- 1County
public vel!are .

Mi ssouri ---- - --· I Co unty 5oc,ial se--

C")

col!l111s -

cu nt y

3to 5 1_J_. ____ . _j

( 11 --••I

Countt board of••-

thu 3 ref'lbe rs

ot

sion.

1•1 ______ _______ __

I

E1peases __ ________ QualU1c&tion~ for county
co11m1iuio.ae rs a r e t be
s a~ as those tor Stat e

0

a-n

COfflllliss i on e~ ! see table
34 1.

No more t baa. 2 CO!Ul 1ss i on ir.embers 111a.1 be o f tbe sMte po-

A.a, membe r o f the- coirtrn i ss i on who bec oires

li t i cal pa r ty . Ho elect iv"
ote ic er shall be appoiat e-d to
the commissi on .

e l ec tive oftice f o r t e i u his posi ti oa

" c1.nd id ate f or aa

OD t he COllltfl i ss ion.
1'ioataaa -- -·-···- I Co unty

board o f

public welf a re . 1

-- ··---1------·•l ···•·•·· I ( IJ

111

Nebr a:ska •• •••• •• lCounttass tauace

c.oooluee. 1

Ncn-ad.a ---- · -· - --

County

board

re ll~ t ,

ot I 5

wor k

•• • • •

III

..•• I Sl ate Board o r kelle f, Wo r 'I Pl.&nnlat ,

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pe rv isors.
4 . ___ _ 14 ----- -1---- --·-1 Stat • Social Secur it y Cormiiss i o n. 1

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""Jfa re bo"rd sba.1 1
be f!ICP'lbers ot the board of
county co~rnssiouers.

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$3 prr diem .ind exp ense!I .

bo ard.

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Mf':llbers II USl b" ffO ~ ld~ots

1 1 - ··· ··-·· - ·· · -1

coa1111s-

Minnes o ta • • •• ••• Co unty

>

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c(llll~ n5.ilt on _ _ _

nu 5 1ont•rs. 1
Mayo r o t B" l t 1no r~ _

fare.
boards n f
;rnbl 1c 111el!are.

-4
-4

µ.Htm"n t ot ft'elLccal

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rn

co,..r.11itec, ih l t 1rr,o re Ctt y De-

H.~-;.ichusett s __ _

•

I No

co11pu11u Lon __ •

i\t

l"a11t

woman.

1 m~b,r 11tUftt lXl' a
1

pl an a ine ,
pe nsio n

a n d Peas1011 Con -,
tro l.

ood
CO D-

t r o l. 1

I·--· .. -·___ ...... I

Nev Hampsh ire __ _
New Je r se y--- · · · Cou n ty

wel!are

8 1 ••• • I 5. . . ...

Count)' boar d of
chosen f ree holders .

bo ard.

Local assis t a nc~

3 to 5 .

Fixed by
lo c al

board . 1

I !ice r of

iiovernin lJ

body .
New Mexico· -- - -- Local boa rds of
public welt t. r e . 1
Nev York.. __ ___ _ See tab l e 37 - ·-·

He-r11be r 111Jst be a c i t ize n
o f The cou nty .

No coape nsat i on bu t
oecessary &ad actwi l expens es H ,f
be a ll owed ,

I At

l e:ast2 meoibersof t he bo3rd

aus t be women .

l 111ellbe r must be a 'IIOffl&n • •• ••

Pu blic Wt-Ua r e.'

(' I . . . . .. . ... . . . . . .

No rt b Carolin~ -- Count y bo a rd o t l3 • • . .• ! 3 .•. - •.
cb a.rit ies a nd
p1,1b li c we lf a re.
No rt b Dakota. ___ _ I County we lf are
boa rd .

Chi er e xecu tiv e ot localu11 i t ,
upon app r ov &l o f
local eove r nilla
body .
St at e Depar , me-11 t o !

I E:r:~ns~s -·· ····· · -1

tl'•,a 11
2 succ~s iv e ter irs.

( 11

.. . l 3• • .. .. 1... . . •. . I Boa rd of county commissioae r s . 1

E1pens~s'-· - ·· · - -- I MLJst be chose n on bas i s
of !1 t ncss by r eason of
char acte r, exper i ence.
and trainia (i ,

Appo int ed vit boot r egard to
political a tt Uu. t i o n. Boa rd
must c o a t a ic members of both

se xes .

May berewwedwithout
cane bJ board of

couatr c0111issioners
ud State Board of
Public Welfare.

Ohio

I

Oklahoma - ·. · -· •• County ass 1.s taace
board.
Coun t y we lfareboard.
0re1? o n •• ________ lCoun t y r elid

{ 1 I .. _
(1)

l' I . . .... . ........ .
I ' ) · ····

·· -

71

1

1

) •• •• I

Gove r o. o r 1

l'J.

• • - •••• . • •

cot'll!li ttee .

I

Pennsyl..,anu ____ County boar d of
assi s t &JJce .

CJ

tO

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N

Rhode lsla.nd_ • ••

lSee

So uth Carolina .• Co unty boa rd of
public welf .-.re.

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Go..,ernor : · - · -- --· ··

fape n~f"S. ___ •• __ ••

No m,e,rnbe r ma y hold o tf i Ct' i n a.
polit i cal party and 411 members rr,us t not b~long t o sal!!t'
No membe r
po litic.11 party.
,-ay Sf: rve !IIOre t ha!l 2 coosecut i ve anns .

See footaotn at ead of table.

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7 or II . I 3 . . . .. .

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1

1 ...... .. .. ... . .. 11 1 1

111u5 t have re s ided
1n State l yea r i mmed iately p recedill~ a.ppointme nt And at le.sst 3 ye ars
out o! tbe 5 p r eced i DI,!
years.

~mbe r s

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Tabt• 36.-Coaposi lion and

----i:-~

Appolnt■ ent

of Local Boards of Publ le

■•I

Na..iie or boa rii

r

Numoer Ro t 4t rng
o!
t num~r
tt.e:l!lhe r s

of

Pe r son or ,11teo.c7

Other

I~

---r-

Tern;; of o tt i ce

Sta t r

fare-Continued

t'lall:ufi appointaects

Renunera tion

Qual i!lcati ons

1

L10 1t&ti o n on •ppoiot..,ot

•

Pro•i~icHI ! or

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So utb o.,._k:o t J. ··-'Icn-nr5~e ___ __ __

j Sec

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t.l.ble 37 ..•.

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Ut, h ------· · ···· 1Couaty

pu~ lie

bo :'\rd o f

71 - - - -

Ma.1 be remo v e d by

-5 ----- -

W'C 1( are. 1

boa rd o f coaat1 co11t• i 9~ ioners f or Dtlllec t or fail are to
?er! oni a. od c a rry out
tbt d uti es of t he1r

o f fice pr <"f)erly .
1

ci t y! ( 1 J .•.
boa.rd of public

Co unty

or

Hay

be

fCIIO YC d

by

St a tc Boa rd o f Public We lfa re fo r awst"

couat1 or city .

by aad wi t b t be ap-

Was hi ngton- -- ---

I Ad v i s ory
1

comm i t- 15

tee ,

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les t Viri in i a •••

!Co~nt
y p abli c as-1
suu.nce cou11cil .

or

mo r e .

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1--------12 years _! Bo ard.o tcouolJ1 corn-I
1111ss10ners .

l

E1pease.s ______ ____ Local c.1t i i~s s e lected
oo basu of inte rest a nd
e 1perlenc e i o public
we l fare , c hild weU a re ,
health, employment , aod
educ a t i oo .

~-----1 3------1------ --1Governor 1 ----- -----1 No c011peasation ••• l Cilappointed
h ens ot count y a r e
to cot1acU on
bas is ot ch ar &e ter, e1pe n e11c e, and trainiar .

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o r j ud ge 11.!1.k ia g t ile

0

H.it.y be r eappointl!d r egularly
at p l e&Sa r e o! boa. rd o r county

coma i nio ners .

Not JDOre t baa 3 couacil me....
be r s shal l be o! tile same
poli ti cal p• rtJ.

G'>

proval ot ttie co ur t
appa i otmn t.

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-..re lra r e .

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V"rmont ___ • . ___ _
Virgin1a. .•.•••.•

0

be r emove d a t
pl easa re of Governo r. It & me111be r or
t he co u cll becOIM!'s
a caadi.d ate f or o r
is a ppoi■ ted t o any
o t ber pub l le off let·
or po li t l ca l ce111 lt -

Hat

ue or

" "e■

• l ec tl.011

u an

offl ctal,

hh o!f ico h &1l o11att. call y , ac at ed .

z

Wy omint --- .. -- - -

At

Cou.ot)' depa r t me nt
ot public welhre. l
Cot1n t 1 p e n s i o n
department. 1

5 •• • ••

1··· ····· 1····· ···1l'o uot/

11 1 ...

I. •. •• •.• 1 11 1 •. •• 1.... • Jo

11 1 .. • . . ..•...•.•. 11 1 1

Co unty board of
publ i c welf are ,

5 ___ _ •

! 3 •••• __ 1-- ___ _. - 1B0.1.rd o!

K1penses.--··· · ·· ·I Co u1:1ty r~s1de nu. are d·

-' 1ecoesil!I. - -- - - -

t,oord of

perv 1,or, .

.u·

couoty t.0111l'liss i o1:1e r s . 1

1e ible t or ap poin t ~ nt.

---------- -- ---- ------ ---

Alaska • • • •••.••.
Dis tri ct
lul!lb1a.

or

lie J,.. t 3 ir.t ttb" M

IN"i11bt f'>

of

CuUtll)'

5J1c1l I

,r

t,o.srd .

••·•···········1

Kar bro r cmored r>y
State board tor fail -

I
Ii

ure to attend r~ii ular mee t hiS t o r a
pe r 1wt o f 3 !'l"OntiJ..s
o r !allure t o r,er t
oth e r re.s poa sitnh tl t'!5 delea at ~
tp
the co unt y bo.ard.

······1

Co-

I

Hawa ii _•• ___ •• •• Coon 1 y pub l i e
welt a r e com111i s .1i o n.

161 . .•• 14! ..... 1.... --- -1 Go•ertto r 1 - -- -- -- - - - I Etpe as E" s -· - - - - ----

··········I

2Ter.11 con t i nu e-s un t1l s ucc e- ~so r 1$ 1ppo 1n ted an1 r,iu t ldi.PJ .

1Set!! u plan a. t o n· no te s.

EXPLAUTOIY IOTES
A1abMa.- Iii. counties wll h ci t ies of 60 , 000 popul1\l 1on or tl!Ore , t he city comm i ssio ner

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o r .::overaini body o! th " cit y ha s '! 1Ual au t hority 'W lth t he coucly eov erciaa: body 1n sel"cun ir the 11e 111ben ot th e co uaty bo.t.rd o.t pu b li c wel!a re.
Arizona.- ten o l o ft i c e a pplle"i only to c 1 tize11 • ~ he rs o r the boo. rd s .
Arkanus.- The riteeber 5 of the bo.1rd u e sdected by the :Sta t e Board o! Public Welf are
fro m li sts of 3 na.11~ su b11i tt~ by f!ach ele-ct~J and co11111 1ss 1oned coun ty ot'ti cul e 1cept
t he co unty c o r oner a.nd suneyor, No mo re t han 1 aue ~h all~ "lelected by the S t"te tloa rd
f roa1 ea.ch lut su b1111tt t"d . I! t b" cou.1n7 of!1 dals !all, refi.:se . or netlect t o 1:1 oa 1nate
qualified person v1t hln a re4.5ouble ti llt" , t he a tile Sta te boud s hall hue t be power to
n.lJlte t he coun t 7 bo .\ r d N'"lfl ber~ within and !or suc h co unty ,
California.-A coun ty bo.i.rdo ! publ i c welts.re ■ u~t be e s tabli.,hed 1n eAch c o uo.ty or c i. tJ
and c ounty upon pet iti on by 100 "lt>c t ors , eicf"l) t wh~ r e couaty or city .i.n-1 couaty cha rter
h.:tS e s t3.blished a board or o!ticuls to pe r fo r■ public we lf rne d a ti e5 .
Color.1do.- Tbe couaty boa r d o ! p ublic wt- Hare- consi s t , ot the boa. rd o! coua ty co11111i ss io ners ia each couaty Hd the dep~rtr.,e,nt of health a nd cha ri t 1~ i n th e c ity a.n 11 coun t7
o f De nvt"r. Wit h the a;> p r o•al o ! th e St ate- departm"nt 2 o r more c ou1:1t1es may for!'! • d istr ic t 11ep art11ent of publ 1c " el! are . ud l o r 1110re o! the C:) Uaty c o..-.r1 s !Honer '> o! t be
c oun t1 e-s 1n e ach ri is trict const it ute, the d is trict bo,trd .
Florid.1.- A COiJn ty welf,ue- bo.ard is esta bll s hef1 in every co uaty wit h .1 popul·tt \ on of
15~ , 0()) o r roo re. A Ji s tnct board or ~cLtl v_..lrare i s ne,Hed in ea.ch o f the 1.2 s oci al

welt a r e di s t ri c t s in t h'! St c1 te . E.,ct1 bo ar<! co11si-; 1c; o f l IR(.•ff! tJt"r fr or. t":\ct, ccun t y in a
sochl wel! , re d1stnc t , whi c h h,lS , oop ula t ion o ! .25, 0<)J or ll"S:i , ,1 nJ 1 o r 11KHe member-"j
!roo eacb coun t y \lil lt h c1 popul:n1o n o r ~- ~ o r !"'o r e , with l :l'l':nb<•r !or eve ry 25 , 000 popul at i on. lh '! c o on t y Lo.1.rd o l c nu u 1~s 15 a;,;-1nn t f' .J in co unt 1e., hann,r .1 po·pulat 10 n o f
9 ,700 to 10 ,5'Xl . l cie ntlter is a µpo u1 t~ ,t f rr,;11 ..- \ch co unty c,vr'll't'J.s i.c.ner' .s dutnct .ad l
!rol'!I the co unt y .it la.qce.
Georgi,1.- A '11 .1 t n c t de;u no-nt u y bf"' fone, I uy 2 o r 1110re c.oua t i e'\ wi t h tbe .tppro• &l
o! t he Sta tr- dep art ier nt. The ,011:bue-1 t,o.J rrh o r ... ,.c h count y c oa:st 1tute the d1stnc t boa rd
o! public we lf ar e-. It the c ounty bo,Hd o r pu~I u wt" l!&re 1s not nas:f'II w1t b 1n a r e asoubl '!'
t111e , the rhrec tor of tbl! St<lt" d t•pa rt fl'C nt :4\f n-'l"f' ., te,r.por.u y coun t 1 l>oard.
ld.1ho.- Th~ co unty welf are COf'l~i.3:non 1,5 cumposed o.r t hr c011 nty welf.\ r e 5upe,rvisor , 3
l"teinbt" r5 d t" s1it'n ,1 t e'1 joir, tly by tht' :i t ,1.t~ Dr p.uunt-ft t 1..1f Public A"'s1 <; tarice attd the boa rd o!
co uaty co"'i, i ss 1oa ers , and an "-P t'O lntee o f ll'I ~ bo .i r d or cou a ty c o.,JJ 1, •J1o ne r.s wh o fll&f be a
11e11~ r of th o.• board ud who se rve s at t hf" p l e.1.:1 ur e o f t he boa.rd .
llli nois.- A c o un ty l.i<'p• rt ~n t o!puti lic welr.u\" 11 ust be esubl1.shl!'l1 in.each coant f lf it n
t popu!.,t1on o f SC-0 , 00-:) o r les~ .
A cou n t y L•Jrt"AU ol ?Ubl 1l" welfare must be l"s tablishe d
in Coo ', Co u11ty .
lndiana.- 2 or 111o r e cc unty boarrt.-:. o l ;>uLI i c welhrt" r..l)' unite t o ! o r m a d15 tri c t die partmen : o f ?utilic welhre, s ob J'"Cl ~o the app roval o ! the St •te ~a. rt111eo t o! Pu blic

-elf are.

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Taols ,36.-Explanatory Notes-Continued
lowa.-The conc.ty board of social welfare, in a county lfith a population of l~s than
33,000 is composed of 3 members, not more than 2 of who■ mar belona: to tbesute political
party, and whose remuneration must not exceed SOO per annum. In a county llfith a pcipulation of 33,0CX) or more, the board

is composed of 5 me111Liers, not 1110re thaD 3 of whoi,i ■ &f

belong to the same political party, and whose rettuneration must not exceed SUO per ano1n!I.

At least 1 wo111a.n must be appointed to each board.
Kansa1.-The county board o! social ~Ha.re is composed of the board of county co1111is-

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sioners of each county.
Loui1iana.-The parish board of public welfare h c0111posed of 5 me11bers, selecte-d by
tbe police jury of each parish froPI a list of 10 names submitted by the State depart11ent.
Io the parish of Orleans, the parisb board is comi,osed of 5 to 15 .e•bers, selected by
the comnission council of the city of New Orleans from a list ·submitted b7 the State department. Members of the parish boards sene during ter• of office of police juries or
council appointing them.
Naryhnd.-The county welfare board ts COIIJ)OSed of 7 JDe,iber!., 6 o! wh011 are appoi ■ ted
bJ the board of county cor1111issioners from a 11st of persons submitted by the Board of
State Aid and Charities, The board of county cont11issioners desi2nates l of its riemben;
to serve ex officio. Mayor and corami'ssioner of health o! Baltimore City are ex officio
ae.ber-9 of the advisory welfare connittee, Baltimore City Oepartritent of Welfare.
Nauachuseth.-The t01tn board of public welfare is co11tposed of the towa selectmen in
towns which . have not authorized the election of a town board. the selectmen may a.ct as
the town board of public welfare if approved bf a sajo"'.'ity vote!' upon petition of 10 percent of the registerl!'d Yoters. Eacb town must, at its annual 11H>tin1J, elect J or 5 l!tellbers to tbe board for a term of 1 to 3 years. The salaries of the board ..e11bers are fixed
bJ town Yote. 2 or llore tcnnrs may. upon recontendation o! the couissioner of public
welfare, or by vote o! each such town and subject to the approval o! said co111111issioner,
for ■ a public we Hare district for the purpose of employin2 therein suitable pe~ons to
assist the board of public welfare, or the selectmen actiD2 as such board, of each constituent town. In such cases a district welfare committee is provided tor, to be composed of l member elected by 11Dd troffl each boa.rd of public welfare vithin t,he district.
Nlchlgan.-An old age asst.stance board in each county is contposeG of the couot1 welfare ,aa:ent, the probate judge, and the chairman of the <Juperintendents of the poor. In
counties with more than l probate jud2e the probate judge!' of the juvenile division is also
a ember of the board. The county veltare agent is appointed in each county by the State
Welfare Co1a11ission.
Nlnne ■ota.-The countJ welfare board is composed of 5 e11ben, 3 appointed by the board
of countJ co111111issiooers 1 and 2 by the State Board o! Control. The members appointed bf
the State Board o! Control are selected from a list submitted by the board of county co~
alssiouers. Exception!.: The board of county J:OlltlJlissioner~ constitutes the county welfare
board in any county conuinini a 1st class city la cit1 having a population of 50,000 or
110reJ operating undl!r a hOl!le rule charter, wherein a cit1 boa.rd o! public welfare is established, Iu a count7 with a 1st c.lass city havin2 an assessed valuation of 110re th&a
95 percent of the L~sessed valuation of the entire county, tbe board o! public welfare
acts as the county welfare board, In a county 'ltith a population of 3)),000 or l'ltore. an
asse5sed valu"tion of over $2:J0,000,000, and an area o! o•er ~.()(X) square 11i.les, the
board of poor commbsloners a.cu as the count1 welfare board. In a count)' with a poor
ud boepital co•l.S!lion, tbi ■ body acts •• the couat1 welfare board,

N

lorth Dakota.-The county welfare board consists of 5, 7, or 9 aeltbers. Not less than
l nor 11ore than 2 o! the board members shall be count, co•issioners. The other ~•bers
of the county welfare board are appointed by the board of coaoty co1111issiooers witb the
advice and consent of tbe State Fublic W'elf&re Board. Hmbers serve without coapeasatioo
except that they 11a1, at the discretion of tbe board o! couot1 co•issionen, receive expenses incurred.
Oklahoaa.-Tbe county assistance bOArd is composed of ■e•bers of the board of county
co1111issioners. The county welfare board is coaposed of the co'unty bealtb officer aad tbe
board of couat1 c011Z1issiouers.
Oregon.-Tbe count, relie! comdttee is cosposed of 7 11e11bers, 3 of whoa are .embers
o! the board of coantJ co(flllissioners or o! tbe county court, ex officio. Tbe other 4
■ embers are appointed b7 the Governor and are 5Ubject to retllOTal b7 him.
Penn1ylvanla.-The cou ■ ty boa.rd of assistance is cOJ1posed of 11 9e11bers ill 1st and 2d
class counties and 7 ae■ ben in all other couatie5. Me■bera are appoiated bf the Governor with the advice and consent o! I of the Senate.
South Carol lna.-lhe count1 boo.rd of public welfare is composed o! 3 ae■bers appobted
by the State board or the State director o! public welfare upoa reco ■-eadation of a ujoritJ C includin2 the Seaatorl of the cou ■ tJ le&islatiYe delea:atioa. It 40 days elapse
aud the count, delegation hu not u.de its recoanendations, the State board bas tbe authority to appoint a county board. The me11bers receive 13 perdil!' ■ and a ■ ilea2e allowa.nce
of 51 a aile. Maxi ■ um allOUDt received per die ■ 11ust not exceed Sla:I the 1st 7ear and S?5
in subsequent years. Tbe Charleston CountJ t'elfare Board consistia& o! 3 aeabers is
elected by a aajorit1, including tbe Senator, o! tbeCharlestoa CountJ leglslativedelee•tioa. Me■ bers hold office !or 3-year rotating term and until tbe electio ■ or qualification of their successors. Ant ae ■ber ■a.y be removed for cause, after bearina:. bt tbe
delegation. Per die11 coapen!.ation is aonuallr fixed by the Charleston Cou.ntJ Supplf Act.
The local aaency de!.i2nated to ad11inister poor relief ia Darlina:toa County consists o! a
co•issio ■ of public welfare con5istiaa: ol 5 lle'■ bers, l of wboa aust be a 11eaht'r of the
count, board of director5 and sene ex officio u chair■an of tbe comdssio1. The other
■embers are appoia.ted by the count7 board of directors to se"e for a tera of 2 7ears.
The co•issiooers receive no compea9atio■ ezcept traYel expenses. Tbe cou ■ ty board ol
directors 11111.f abolish this col!fDission and appoint a new commission if it deecs such
action necess.ar1 in order to 11eet the reqnire.e■ ts of Federal or State le1islaiio1 ud to
obtain Federal or State fonds for relief work in tbe couutf.
Utah,-A district department of public welfare, which
include 2 or 110re couaties.
may be established bt t~e State Board of Public Welfare. l member of the couoty or district board ■ ust be a count, c011■ issioner of l of the counties contltutina: tlie district.
Each county in the district must be represented on tbe district board.
Virglnla.-A local board of public welfare 11ust be established in each count7 or c.it1
in the State. la citiee of the 1st clus la city h&Ying a popnlation of 10,000 or 110rel
the officer in cha.r2e of the division or depart111ent of public welh.r~ constitutes such
local board. Ia each 2d cla91 city la cit7 haviae a population of 5,000 or 11t0rel the
local board is co111pooed o! 3 ae11bers appointed by the jlJd(l't of the corporatioa court, or

••1

In the absence of •uch court, by the judv• or th• circuit court hnh1 Jurhdictloa wlOh
th• city. Io countlH th• board h compostd of 3 11eabers appolated bf the Judfe of the
circuit court, At tbe dhcrotlo ■ of tbe 1ppolotln1 Judre, l ••IHlr of tbf local board

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•• .. ••••••1.-Tbe coantr board of public welfare consists of 3 to 5 ae•bers repre11e11t3 to 5 supenisors' districts u tbe case aay be. Tbe tern of office ud salariers
of tbe board ■embers are tiled bf tbe State departaeat.
Nl1Narl.-Tbe·l:'011■ tf social security co•issioa is selected by the State Social Se-c1trit7 Coaaisaioa fro■ a list compiled bf tbe couaty court and the State c011111issioa. 11
tN coaatJ court d~• aot ·submit a list of elieibles, the State c011Dissio ■ aak~ the
apf,OiD.taente. la tbe city of St. Louis tbe duties of tbe county court ■ uat t?e perfonled
b7 tlle board of estiaate and apportion ■eat. Statute provides for tbe cttatioa of city
boards of -social welfare h counties contaiaiai cities of tbe 1st class fcities bniue a
popalatioa fro■ 75,000 to ]!i(),l'.XX)I. Tbe board is composed ol tbe mayor, ae■bers of tbe
county court, ud & other ae ■bers, 3 cf whoa are appoiated by tbe county court &ad 3 of
1dt011 are appoilted by tbe •ayor aad city council.
The ae ■beMI receiYe 10 coapeasatioa
ud bold office tor 3-year rotatiae term. They must be aoapartisaa alld nonsectarian,
ud • t be re110Ted bJ the appointive autborit7 tor ■ isco ■ dact.
NDntana.-Tbe coaatJ board of public welfare is co■posed of the county coa■ issioaers,
n officio. wbo recehe ao enra co-i,easatioa for seniae u a welf•re board. 2 or aore
co11aties ■a, cOllbi ■ e- bto u ad■ iabtrathe aai t.
lleltrallra.:_The coantt assistance co•ittee is co■posed of tbe board of county co•isaioaers or ·sapentsors, tbe- couatt treasurer, ud tbe coantf board ot public welfare, if
established. A couat7 board of public we-lfare aay be- established ia an1 county b7 resolatioa of the boa.rd ot cou ■ ty co•issioaera or supenisors. Such board is co■posed of 5
aeabers who sene without coapeus..tio ■• 2 such ae ■bers must be voaea.
lleVada.-A coaaty board of relief, wort plao ■ he, and pension control is established ia
eacb coa ■tJ where dee■ed ad•isable by the State Board of Relief, Work Plaanine, and Pension C011.trol.
·
• • JerMp.-Tbe county welfare board ta coaposed of 5 meabers. 2 d.esililnated members
of the board ot cbosea freeholders and the county adjuster lwben aot servine as director
of welfarel are ex officio ■embers. Local assistance boards ■ ust be appointed in eacb
■aaicip&lity. The word au.ntctpalttl/ sball incl!Jde any county, city, borourh, township,
towa, •llla,e, or ■ unicipalitJ eovened by aa iaprovement COlllllissioa.
• • Nerico.-local boards of public welfare, to serTe as qeats of tbeState department,
■ar be establisbed by tbe State Department ot Public Welfare ia counti6 or iD districts
wllicb ■af include 2 or 110re coo ■ ties.
North Carol lna.-Tbe county board of charities and public welfare is COIIJ)osed of 3 ee.....
bera: 1 aeaber appointed bJ the board of county co11111issioaers, 1 by tbe State Board ol
Cltarities and Public Welfare, and tbe 3d ■e-mber ts select~ bJ the first 2. If tbe first
2 ■ eabers caa ■ot coae to a ■ a,reettent, the 3d me■ber is appointed b7 the Judge of the
·■aperiOr court. la Wake .Count, the coauty board is composed of 3 me,eberS:·-1 appointed
b7 tile board of couat7 coa■ issioaens of Wue Couat1, 1 bf the board of comissioners of
tbe cit, of.Ralieeb, aa.d 1 by the State Board of Charities ud Public Welfare.
i ■1

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Qo

■ay be a ae■ ber of the coaat7 board of ·sope"isors or a llnlDer of the c1 ty council or
other eoveroioe body. Members of couat7 and 2d class c1t1 boards recei'fe necessary tra,eliag aad ot.ber npeases, la addilioo, at tbe discretion of the iroveraine bodJ of tbe
county or 2d class cit1, such bo•rds •11 be compensated in aa uouat ■ ot to exceed SlOO
per year. Ia any county which bas adopted a county executhe, county 111anaee-r, or exe-cutive aaaaa-er form of a-o•era ■ent, the members of the board of public welfare are appointed
a.ad their cospeasation ts filed b7 the board ol county supenisors. tlowever, in counties
operatinll under the coantt aanaeer for■ o! ro•ern,n,ent sacb boards_ may be appointed aad
tbeir co■peasation fh:ed by the county ■aaaeer, the board of county supervisors, or other
eo•erninlil bodJ.
Wa1hington.-The advisory co•ittee is co■pose-d of 5 or 110re 11e111bera appointed by the
board of county co11111issione-rs in cooperation ,dtb tbe State Depart.meat of Social Security.
Tbe boards of county comissioners sene as local &d ■ iaistrathe boards tbroueb which all
catea-ori~ ud acthities of public assistance are administered.
W..t Vlrglnia.-The count, public asai.stuce council is c011posed of 5 e11bers, 4 of
wbo■ are appointed by the Governor upon the reco111111endatio ■ of the State Advi!iory Board.
Tbe president of the county court ts u ex officio ae■ ber, or he ■al appoint a member of
the court to serve in bis place.
Wl1con1in.-A county depart ■ent of public welfare ay be created in each coanty witb
■ore than s:>o,000 population.
The coaaty board of supe"isors ■ay at anr ti ■e retora the
powen of such county departaent to the court or otber aa-ency which administered relief
a ■ d public assistance prior to tbe creatioa of the count, department.
A county pension
department may be established by the county board of supenisors in each county with less
than 5CO.OOO population. The pension departme ■ t aay be discontinued .at thedbcretion of
the county board ol supenisors. and the ad ■ inistration of relief and public assistance
aay be vested in those agencies wbicll ad■ iaiatered relief prior to tbe creation of .the
pension depart.eat.
Wy•ing.-The county board of public welfare is coaposed of 5 mettbers. The board of
county co•issioners appoints 2 me■bers, l o! whom ■a7 come from their own membership; l
member is the superintendent of schools in the lareest city or town in the county; l member ls appointed by the district judge of the district in which the county is located;
and l is appointed by the State Board of Public Welfare.
Nawal 1.-Tbe county public welfare coimnission is composed of 7 embers in the county
of Hawaii, aad 6 members in e-acb of tbe counties of Kaui, K:auai, and the cit7 aad count7
of Honolulu. The Governor appoints 1 member of tbe couat7 public co11111issioa of each of
tbe above counties to tbe Territorial Board of Public Welfare. This member is designated
as cbaimaa of tbe county public welfare cor11■ ission. The judges of the jg-yenile courts
ia the 3d &ad 4th judicial circuits in the county of Hawaii and the judges of tbe juvenile courts in other cou ■ ties are ex officio 11eabera of tbe county public welfare conissioa.

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TJble J.1.-Appointn,ent and Qualilications of Executives of Local Boards or Departments of Public felfare

N

v.)

+:.

•

CJ)

-4
S:t.iteo

f1:J~ Of

•'.I Cl"'U{i\'C

[ t' r-- n {

c:.,r f

l C "'

?,•iur,c.•r:,. trnn

IOC Ai

l}U!.l 1( IClll lOM

~,.~t u ~ poverr • 11, 0., r ,J or

Pt1 b l 1c

l',.tra~
Alll!M.C'..1.- · ··· · - -

o:.it11y J1 r rctor

or

p•1bl1c

tnj!

"l \Jbl I C

b-00>·

.,..,.1 far ..

hoar d .

v~lhrf.
,. \r 1:.nna. • - -- - - • ••

Ser r~t'\ry o! county broni
of !Or-ul ~ .. r"l)f l t::,' ,1;11.l
r,,-.,1 ;c "''"' 1r.- r .. .

Ar .ir:an~l1.."i -- ---· · -

Cnun u J1r"'(.!Or of i,ub!1c
w-:l!a.r ...

-0

C
a,

r

X •• • _• • I P u ~d by cou 111t1 Jrpan.,.. :H. 1

P1•.i.sur• ot county

'fu<5t

rr• ! qual it1cat1003

p resc.rib....:1 by State Boa. rd o! Pnb l lc

WelfA~.

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Ph~ bJ count J J ,. part-

Hust

tl'W"f" t

qul1 ! lc a. tlOH prescn bed byS tatl! f),,-p& rt:VDl o! Soci a l
fllU.St be 4ppoh t~d vithout r t' -

S-curhy •nd Weltare. Di r ector
~3rd to poht1c&l a.It i11a.11oa.

;,w-nt.

tll rKt or o r putil lc.

I Plu.surP

1 3 ..... I ►' ned bJ county drpa n · 1 Mtl!'l t meet qu4 1Jf1ca t ioas pre-sc ribed bJ St ate Dcp.&rt~n t ot Publtc

of cou nty

~lf&.t t ,

:nie111. •

bc,- rd .

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0

---------1 CollDtJ'

dirf"Cto r o r pu~ l ic

welfar.. .

Idalia

or

4 1ears 6 •• • •. . ••••

"~lt&re.

l........ l 1-'

At pl eJ1.!\Drf' ot ;,ip-

~

l:i • •• ••

! Fh:e-d

b:, COUll tJ dep&rt -

"-nl..
Al lOWl!d,

Hi l,. •re

J1. UO

•• •••

Pl,.as,Jr,.
hoard.~

ot count'11 · -······I· ······ ·

l .. - ..•

COUil)',

! f'ued

vetrAre .
l:Ansan •••.•••••. f Couu, Jirf!Ctor or 11oc1al
velhr,e,.

leral resideat ot St a t'! aad coua t J .

Di r .-ctor i~ cbosen frffl' Ha t of t>l1gibles Mitablis hed b7 thto
S tAH!: Oepar t ... at of Pub l ic Velfa re . He aust h av e r e1lded la
coaot)' 4t l e&st 2 ' """ pr 1or tn dat@ of appoh t ~n t , bat this
~11uiremeot ls waived tt qDall rt ~ ~rson cannot ~ f oD Dd la
t~

X3

Iowa •••• • •..•.• • ] Cou nt)' director ot ,orial

~

Selected ia accon:l&DCe v1tll coun t y chit Sf" rv icr l&W .

poiat 1ne boo.rd.

~

-

Hust

X • . ..••

3
pub li c Vt" lhr-P. .

Couty dl r ~ tor ot public

prescribed b y State Dep.artrt1e1H o f Public

X ••••• •

Ul untrv~lhre supe rv hm~-

reau

X.• .... I f'11ed bJ ccu11 t7 -depa r t- , Hust ~ t 4ualifica t 1ou
Welh.rc.
IIW!ftl..

Pl ~a.sure o f coun ty
boa.rd.

Illinois .•. .•... Coo at y sup--r intead ,.nt o f
rs.. o"•ncu :1 I, J
pabltc w--Hare.
Di r ector ot tht> contJ ') ul niJi.aaa

CJ)

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Co nn ('Ct1c u t .• .. •

l~orria

►
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m

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I Co unty

vel! ar~ .

0

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,... _ l 1r orn t-" __ ••••

Colo n\O o •••• •.••

►
-4

m

J

bJ cou1u 7 boa.rd-3•• 1 !4\L'lt h&n• r nided JD cou nt y 2 J@ ar~. Must be tit , upcrlencNJ,
aDd t ra l al'l'd t nr t he ~ tt i on, but end aat i on r r OIII co lle ire 11a1
1101 b~ Nd" & pt41 n!'quilid t e.
Pl•e--1 hJ countJ board .- 1 !'Cu• t b,. 1 aallfle:d taeoclal vork fie ld •ad ~ t etandard1 sel bf
Stat,. ftnard o r

~

1at

, ,.1 fa r?. ,

::~-=a-------l
,... .,....,.a

hrlab diNCtor of pabllc

welfare.

s.J

I

x• --···' Fbcecl

Pie.are of parlab •----··-·

bJ parlsb dep&rt·

-t.•

ba&rd.

j l!Rst

- t ;nallflcatlons prescribed b1St1te Dep&rt..at of hbllc

llelfare.

1- a--------------·-----·--,--------------- ---,--------,-----•--,--------,-----------------•----•·

MalM ----------·
lllrJlud -------- ( ) -----------·---··--··- -----------·-·--··- ·------- --··--·- ---·--·· ----·----·------·--·--Director of welfare of 6 :,aar11 -·-···----- --·-·--- I-·---· ------·· Fbced bJ cltJ board of Hast be traiaed aid h&'f'e b&d &t leut 5 years I experience ia
BaltlllQre CltJ.
e9tl•tee.
social welfare wort as &a ei:ecuthe iD cb&r,e of illporta.at welfare acthitiee.
IIMaacbaetta

·--1

Pabllc welfare

x• .....

are■t --·--,-·····-·-···-·-·--·

l'bced bJ 1w ·····-··•--I Hoot de•ote eat Ire ti• to dutlea of office.

HlcU1u-------- Coaat/ welfare oeeat• --·· Pleuar-e of State I I·---·lleltare Coalaaioa.
Coo ■ tJ

eaer1enc7 welfare

M11 be eaplo:,ee of State or coantJ.

x" •••••

relief ad■histr&tor. a

x" ••••• I Pixed

Miaanota _______ , Bxecati•e eecretar, of

bJ coa•tJ board•./ M•t ha•• experieDCe, trai ■ lq, and r•••ral qualifications.

c01atJ welfare board.
Hissbslppl ••••• 1 County welfare ac••t• ···Missouri _______ _ SecretaryofcoantJ social
securhJ comaissioa. 8

x ••...•

Fixed bJ State board ••• , Fbced bJ State Board of PRblic Welfare.

X ••••••

Fixed bJ State board ••• Must u?e resided !a State 5 rears.

Hoa.tu.a--------- 1•,
Nebraska ••••••••
Nevada _________ _

2
1
1•1

(

Nev Ha11p5hire •.•
New JeBeJ------1 Director of weltare 3
tcoontf welfare boardJ.

15 years 6

X •••••• ! Fixed bJ coontJ board

_________ _

••I

Must be a c!t!zea of the U•ited States Ud of the State. M•t
read aDd WTite the Bnrlish l&aeuaee &ad be capable of u.kine
and teepina: such records and reports as are lawfully reqvired.
Hu.st knew the poor relief laws, &lld,. in the jodelll'! ■ t ot the cooatJ
welfare board, 11.ast be a techaically trained aad qaa.lified expert and &d ■ histrator ia the field ofweUare sen ice. IC&J aot
be a ae■ber of tile countJ welfare board.

1•1 .... 1 13 1

Director of welfare !local
assistance board l .

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New Nexico •••••• 1 1 I
Sew York-------- Local public welfare ot-13 yean 6 ----------

0

1•1 .•••

North Carolina-- I County superiatendent of

public weUa~. 8

8
2 1ears ----------

ine body.

A supenisor of• tOlfa or a county treasurer shall not be eli1ible
for appoiat~at.

-f

iq bodJ.

Host hn·e character, fitness, aad ezperleace for tbe position,
&Rd ... t be apprared bJ the State Board of Charities and PRblic

r

Fixed by co11at1 eOTera-

f icials. 3

(5 )

----1 Pi.J:ed by countJ 11:mera-

Welfare.
North D&kou •••• 11 1 1
Ohio ___________ _

See footnotes a.t ead of table.

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Taole 17.-Aopointment and Qualifications of Executives of Local Boards or 0epart11ents of Public Welfare-Continued
I

T1tl.- o r exr:"cuttve

S. t.tl e

f f' m o f nrt ice

Methoo o~ set<c~
Appoi nt e d !'ly
Ap pcn nt - AppoiDtSt.._t,..
ed by
o1 :Jr
De
toc.11
lc)C.11

r:-...e~~r~;

Okl ah cri~ - - -- - - __ J

6::

3

!

Or egon ___ ___ ___ _ County :el1ef

ot!1c~r----1 Il:! _
_________

.Penns,lv.in1 ,, ___ _ B.t!':'CUtlV _ di r ecto r o f co1Jnt)'

boa r d

Rhode- Island __ __ j Local

or

.US tStal'lL~ .

d u ~r.to r o! pub l ic

wel!a re . 3
3ou t b Ca.roliu • .

Pu b ltc

ing

jlllb l1c

• eJfa,-..

body

welfare

7

-,-1.~~;l-;-~e_l_!_l_;~-1:~: ~~: ::: ~: :::

; ;~n-~~

bo'\ rd

201.-en1- bo."l.rd o f

J ____ _ _____

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t)u:,. lt! 1c11t 10M

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F' u ed bT

_ ___ ___ __ ____ ___

,..,

:IE

--------1--------1 x: ___ _

S ut r

.,,

boa. rd __ _

r

X _ _ __ _

)>

! Cou nt y

X3

di r ec t or o! pu ~ltc
we lfa~.

di rector of t hi!
Oepa.r tme nt of Ins t i t utioll3 ud.Public Welt&re . ;5

-- --- 1Fued

by S ta t e bMrd

3

--

X - ----·

---- - --- , (

3

1

H•.ts t ':.,\Ye r e$ided in Stat e l yf!' iir t11r;1edu.tely pr eced inQ' appou1.t!l"l';'Ct or at lca..'i. t 3 years
ia the prec f!diag 5 years. ~U3 t ~e t
s unl'.!11rds r ued byS t .!Lt f!' Oepa r t ~nt or Public W
elfa re as t o educ:a. tioc, train t ni, tltce" , and experienc e in soc1,1.l \tort.

Ut ah- --- --- - - -- - 1 Director of coua ty depar tme nt of publ i c we-lf&re.

2

Venoont -- ····-· - 1 1 ·· - ··------· · · -- ··-·- ·
Vira ini• ---- ---- Coum_y or ci ty supe r ia te Dd-1 Pl easu re o t board&.
e nt of pob lic welfare.

Wes t Vlrilnla

·-- 1C-Ouu t y d irec t or
-..~s ta ta. nee.

of public

Wiacoa.sh--- - ---1 Ad11io istra t or of county
de par uieat of publ ic wclf are. 1

I

Pleuu r e of bMrd
ot c ou11 t 7 conani.ss i oners.

Pleasure of county
COUDC j l.

I' )

--- -1Filed

by local boar d ol
pub lie velf&re, 3

Appoicted trol'I list of e li i ibles !urnisbe d by Stt.te COlllftiss i oaer
o! public welfa re . 5

Cert it ic a. te o! eli r i bilit7 fo r oft lee 9! adm iaist rat o r b
bJ t he S t 11.t~ De pa.r t me ut of Soc i al Sec ur ity.

X - -- ---

x• -----1 Filed

br coun t , depa rtmen t ,'

X ·-- ---1 Plxed bJ countJ depart·
IH! nt of public we lf a re .

iss u~

Huo t ....,t 4oa lll ications pr.,.c rlbed bJ the St ate adTIBOr J bO& rd
a nd mus t deYote ea t ire t iP!e to dut i~!I of hi.a of fl.ct.

I gllJIIOY• d

i n accordance wit h c0111tr c lTll service i..n..

fl2
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Must have tr&icing, i!!-lperi e nce , a nd fl eDi!!-ral ab i li t y.

X - - --- -

G)

0

-lus t li ;ivc t r\inin t , .1 bil ity, a od l'!'X~denc ,. .

Texas

Was hington. _____ C oun ty &dmini!ltrator ot
public a.s!l is t &nce. 3

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1-------- -----------

-- --- --1 Reiiona l

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--------I
Ten ness ee

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W,aat ■r---------1 Co11at7 director

Alu ta _________ _

ot public

X------1 Pb:ed b7 coaat.r board' - 1 Selected h a.ccord&.Dce with standards es tablished by the State

1-------

Department

weltare.

or

Public Welfare.

Dlatrict of Col-la,

llaraii --------- -

1

1 I --------------

--------1 -------------------•--------

li ■ i ta.tio1 h a e-tYe ■ State.
1 1• coaforwit1 wltb salal'J' schedule ti.zed bJ State board. See e1planator, aotes.

I iadicates tbat tbe proYialoa applies without

10.11 thcae statnteo wbicb speciflcallJ prooide for tbe appotu .. u of a local execnthe
ha.Ye beea iacluded. Geaeral pnwisi01111 for the appoinu1ent of local ■ ta.Us II&)' be coastraed to authorise the appoiataeat of a.a execathe iD tbcee States which bal'e provided

for local boards or departaeats without 11atiar specific prorbion for thP appohtaeat of
a.n e1.ecuthe.
1See explau.tory aotes.
4
]o conforaitJ with salarJ scbedule fixed bJ State boa.rd or departm!at.
5Tena coat hues aat U successor ia appolated and quali tied.

EXPLANATORY
Alabaaa.-Tff salarr of the couat7 director u

rec011aeaded by the c0111:issioaer aad appl'OTed bJ the State Board of Pablic Welfare •1 not exceed Sl25 per ,ooatb and $50 per
110atb tor tral'eliq expeues.
Colorado.-Tlle cooatJ director o:t public welfare is selected tr011 a list of elieibles
s ■baltted b7 or tbrooall the board of cooatJ c0111lll-si011ers and certified bJ the Sta,e ~-

partaeat of Public Welfare.

Flor 1-a.-Tbe secretarJ of tbe dlat rict boanl of social welfare is appolated by tbe boanl
with the consent &Dd apprcwal of the State Welfare Board. No prmisioas are ll&de tor
execathes of the county wel!are boards or county boards of charity.
ldaho.-A couatJ welfare supenisor MJ be desirnated bJ the State Departaent of Ptlblic
Aasbtuce to act b aore tbaa 1 count,.
I II lnol1.-The superintendent of the couatJ dep&n-ent of public ftlfare, iD counties
with population of. 500,0CD or less, is selected bJ the cou ■ tJ board of supervisors or
coaissionen troa a list of fl persons who have been certified by the State Department of
Pllblic Wel!are after a co■petitbe exaahation. Tbe superintendent •Y be reamed bJ the
State depe.rtaeat tor inefficiencr, ■ isteasance, or other Sood cause. The director ot tlte
cou.atJ bareau &ad bis subordinates are appointed iaaccorda.nce with tbeciYil se"ice laws

g
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0

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of Cook County.
lncliana.-Tbe county director of public welfare, in counties witb populations of-400,0CX)
or ■ore, is appoiated b7 the State Board of Public Welfare. Tbe county director •1 be
rellOW'ed bJ the State board for aoucontoraance with the rules of that bo:t7. If a successor
is aot appointed by the county board within 10 days, the office of the county director ls
declared l'&eaat. It the countJ board fails or refuses to appoint a successor, or if a
YacaacJ occurriar for &DJ other reuon is not filled wit bin 30 daJS, the State departneat
sball appoint a co1111t1 director.
lowa.-Tbe county director is appohted and his coapensat. ioa f bed bJ t be county board
of social welfare with the approl'al of tlte State Board of Social Welfare. Tlte county
director-, be reaored for inefficieoc:J or incapacitJ in office 011 order of the State
-rd.
lanaa1.-Tbe coaatJ director of social welfare se"6 at the pleasure of the county
board or antll &pprol'&l is witbdrmn b7 the- State Board of Social Welfare.

NOTES

Loulalana.-Tbe parish director is selected fr011 a list of eliribles certified by the
State Departaent of Public Welfare.
Nl.11achuNtt1.-A public welfare a,eat - , be appointed by the tCM"n selectmen when the:,
are authorized to act as tbe town board of public welfare. Io towus with populatioaa of
3,000 or less, the selectaen maJ appoint the school pb19ician to act as public welfare
aeent.
Nlchlgan._:The county wellare aee1t is appoint~ in each couatJ by the State Welfare
C011111ission. He- is the representath'e of the State Old Aae Assistance Bureau iD his couatJ.
Coa.aty weUare relief c0111issioa •1 appoilt county emereeacr welfare relief ad11iaiatrator.
Nlnne1ota.-A11 execntiYe sectttarr is appointed by the countJ welfare board in accordance
with the rules of the State Boa.rd of Control. TIie salarr of tlte executiYe secretary is
filed b,r th!! coantJ welfare board, "Subject to the apprOYal of the board of county ca.1iasioaers, except that in counties coatainiae a I.st class city ta city ha't'he a population
of 50,000 or 110re) with au assessed Y&luation of aott than Q5 percent of the total assessed Yaluat ion of the couaty, the salary is apprmed bJ the board of coaatJ coa:issioaers
a.ad the city c01ncil of sach city.
Nl11l11ippi.-A coaatJ welfare a,ent in each county is appointed by the State coami.8sioner o1 public welfare. Tbe couatJ wellare a,eat •1 be reaoved froa office for act he
political participation.
Ni11ourl.-CitJ boards of social welfare, wbicb ll&J be established la counties cootai ■iar cities of the lat class tacitJ bal'i ■ e a population between 75,000 andl50,COOI, e11ploy
and dischare-e all persons or officers necessarJ tocarrJ oat utters cwer wbicb they have
jurisdiction.
..w JerHy.-A director of welfare aay be appointed bJ the couatJ welfare board, subject
to the approval of tbe board of cbosea freeholders, to the position of actinr director of
public welfare, tor a 6 aouths' probationarJ perio:t. Upoa expiratioa of such pericd, if
there isno adverse action bytbe county welfare board, said appointaent becoaes penaaneat.
The countr adjuster,wbenqnalified, 11&J be appointed u director of welfare. Thi! director
11&J be rellO'fed tor miscond1,ct, ne-i' lect, iocoapeteace, or other cause by the coaatJ welfare
board after due notice in writing and a bearine. Local assistuce boards IIUSt appoint
local dittetors of welfare. These directors att pt.id sacb salaries as MJ' be fixed bJ

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Taote 37.-Explanatory Notes-Continued
the local boa.rd9 subject to the 11.pprora.l of the 8'm'ernine bOdf of the 11unicipality. Notbin.g is to be construed so a.s to m.lte overseers ot the poor iaeli(ible- for appoinu1ent.
New York.-The territory of ea.cb county exclll!\ive of the town a.ad citJ of NNbura-b o.nd
the cities of Osweeo, l'.ineston, Poughk~psie, New York, and Aaburn, if it so elects, con-

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stitutes a count, public welfare district. TM! territory of eacb ot the abOV'e cities
comtitutes a. city public welfare district. City boa.rd of social welfare is retained in
Buth.lo for ad111iaistr11tio0 of general a.nd veteran relief . In each countJ or city public
wel!are district, there is elected a coa11t1 or city coaai.ssioaer of public welfare for a
tenn or 3 7e11.rs . The- salary of the county ccaaissioaer is fixed bJ the couat7 board of
so~"isors. VI\Cancies ia this otfice a.re tilled for t~ aaupired ten bf the coontr
supervison, lt ia sessloa, otherwise by the coontf judfe. la couties vhich hue aot
abolished thedistinctioa between couat7 poor and towa poor, tovu public velfare officers
andcitypublic velrare officers are creatM. A ~ r o t the- tOVll board aa7 be aathoriud
to act ~ the welfare otticer or a town public weU&re atficel" MY be appointed b7 tbe
town board ofsupe"isors vhlch also fixes the S&larr &ad tera ot office. The citJ public
welfare officer is the city authority elected to &d ■ inister public l"eliet. la counties
adoptine an optional !on1 of county li'O'l'er1U1ent, a director of t~ public welfare dep&rt11e11t, lala,a as tlle coua.ty c011a1issioner of public welfare, la appoi ■ u-d br tbe coaaty execat ive.
lorth Carol lna.-Tht soperiatende1.t of public welfare is tolected by the coaatr board of
charitie9 and public welfare and the board of county camissioners ia joiat s~sioa. subjKt to the approval of t~ State Board o! Charities a.a.d Poblic WeUare. la tbe case of
a tie Yote, the jDdae of tbe superior coart has the tiaal deciaioa. A soperi ■ te-Ddent 11&1
be dis11.i.saed by joint action of abcwe boards for prortoa oafitaesa or failure iD the perforeace of duty. The superintendent of pablic welfl.re ii Wake Cpuat7 is appointed by
t~ boa.rd ot charities and public vel!are tor Wake Coo ■ tr to seT"Ye at its plea.sore. 8e
receives sac:11 salary as 11&f be dete~ined by the &bo,-e ba&rd !UbJect to the apprm-al of
the bOi!lrd of coant7 c0a11Ulsio11ers ofWa.k.e Coant:,. The State Board of Charities aDd Poblic
Welfare and the c omaissio ■ er or public welfare are authorized, la their discre-t ion . to
dniraa.te the city of Rocky Noaat as a local welrare ■ nit . If tbe citf or RocQ Mount ia
deeiana.ted aa a localweUare llilait, ac1t1 welfare officer qnallriedbycharacter, fitae-ss.
aad experieDCe 111.1 be appointed by the city aaaarer, subject to tbe &pprOl'&l ot the State
board.
Olcl111oM.-The ehairMa of the board of coH.t7 ca.issioaera le tbe ex officio cbairaaa
of the county welrare board .
Or..on.-A county relier officer u.7 be nplo,ed by the couaty relief coriaittee with
the approral of the State ~lie-f Colaittee, and 11&7 be reaoved at tl:le pleasure of tbe
coaat7 relief conllittee.
Penn1ylv1nla.-The execati•e director of tbe couatJ board of usi.stance is n.ppoiated,
traasfe-rrNS, ••~nded, or remOYed ia accordance with the enplo,-eat rea:ulations of the
State Depart•at of Public Assistaace-.
lhoda lal&IMI.-M •aa7 local directon of public weUare aa are reqah-ed M)' be elected
by the electors of each town . llader tbe nlea aDd ~gnlatio• of the St11te Uaf! ■ plorw.-at
llelter eo-.1.asloa, the local director of public w~Uare. or tile local work relief bureaa

5e"e u agieat of the ca..issioa in the adaiaistrat ioa of bcae relief or work relief.
Local work relief bureaus. whea established, consist of 3 perao11S, the public worka or
bighw&7 comtission~r. the tovn treasurer, aad 1 other qua.lifi~d elector ot the tC1111. It
both a local director of public welfare aad a local work relief bureau are desien.ated to
an executive officer ot tbe work read ■ i11:ister relief, tbe local director must se"e u
lief bareau.
South Carol 1111.-Tbe couat1 director of pttbllc welfare is selected by the coanty boa.rd
ot pnblic welfare, subject to the roles of the State J)e,part ■eat of Public Welfare. The
salary of tbe director, as fixed by the State beard. aay not e,;ceed Sl , 3)() bat the coaat,
boards uy increase tbe salary of a director with fonds other than those supptie-d bf tbe
State depanae-at. ID Charleston County the Charleston C®1t7 Public Welfa~ Board is
authorUed toe■ ploy &11 e:ncathe secretary, wbose"e-a for a tera of 1 ,ear at socb 1al&r,
as the b01."1 11111 fix. la Darlinctoa Coaaty a llH!ber of the coaat7 board of directors
5eT"Yes u cb&iraaa of tlle county c01111iiulio• of pablic welfare.
Tenne11ee.-Tbe State nst ~ divided i1torqions c0111posed of 1 or aore cmaaties , vhll
a ■u:ina of 14 recioa.s. A reaional dirCCtor for each t"egioa so created ls appointed by
tlle coaissioaer ot iastitat iOM and public veltatt . Ccapensat ion is recciaended by the
comi.ssioDer aad is fi ■ ally fixed b7tbedhisioa of persouael ia the Departae11tof Ad ■ ia­
istration.
Ylrglnla.-2 or a01"e' counties, or a coaaty aDd a lat class city ta citr haviaa a population of 10,CXX) or ■ orel 111&)' aaite to Ila.Ye 1 superintendent. The board of saperTisors
or other li'OTeniDc bod1 of the couat1 or the city b01Lrd of public welfare awn. npoa ttqnest of the State- Board of Public Welfare, coMider tbe discllaree ud replace.eat of uy
coaatf or city s ■ perintellde ■ t. la a county vitb an executi1"e aana.eer, such u.na,er
be appointed or desi1uted as saperiateadeat of pDblic welfare with the apprcwal of the
State co■11i.ssioaer of pablic welfare. I ■ a COllilDt.1 which has adopted tbe couat7 executiYe
ton of local IOYernaeat, tbe board of coaaty &DPf!rTisors sball appoi ■ t aad ti.x tbe coapeasatlOCII ot tbe local saperiate ■ deat who sttYes at tbe pleasure ot such board; boweTer •
the board of coa ■ tJ s111pert"i.sors uy a1tboriae tbe coaaty board of public weltare to e1en:ise all powen iD so tar &11 tbe-7 re-late to tM local superh1.endenta.
Wa1hlftlt011,-A coaatJ adlli ■ iatrator of public welfare &&1 be appoiDted bJ a Join\ board
actin1 for 2 or .::,re counties, s ■bject to tbe &pprar&l ot tbe State Departll!at al Social
Secar1t7 .
..,t Wlrglnla,-Tbe coantJ director of pablic MSU!ltaac:e ls, appointed frm a list cert Uied bf the State Advisor, Boa.rd. Upon apprmal of tl\e State director of public u■ iataace, 2or 110tt couat7 couacils •1 JohtlJ e-aplo7 a eiacle director. With the apJW0Yal
of the State Advisot'f Board, the SULte director .., o~e-r 2 or ■ore c011at1 coancil.s to
couatr director
eaploy a ainale couny director. The coant7 council shall discharre
of public usisu.nce who becOllleS a candidate for public office, is a •ett>e-r ot &aJ' political c01111ittff, •~nea u u election 0Uic .l &l,qrene:a1e1 ia aar other political activitr
othe-r th&D 10 YOU~.
Wlacontln.-OualUlcatioaa, d ■ tln, aid Ca.p'.'M&tioa of J)f'ntoaael ot CO'llltJ pn ■ lo■
depart• ■ ta ar11 deterwhed bJ cou ■ ty boards or ■ 11perv l1ton.
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Table of Citations to Statutory Provisions
Contained in Tables I- 37
23!:I

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240 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
TablB 38.-Citations to Statutory
ProYisio11s a:raotiaa: relief ud pablic
Old aae ushtance tables
&-11

Blind &!lsista.oce
tables l2-l?

Aid to dependent cHldrea
ia tbdr own bcae-s
tables 18-21

Mic hies Code An ■• f 1936 Cu ■.
Supp. I, ~s. 2723< ll; 2723
131; 27Z31111-27231121;
2723117); 2723119)-2723
13)1.
Ge-n. and Local Acts 11935,
2d ex. I, Nos. 143; 170.

Laws I 19~ 2d ex.I,
Noe. 87; 170.

Hicbies Code A... 11931;
Cu ■. Supp. I, secs. 3Mi6
111-35661 lOI.
Gea. aad Loe.al Acts 11935.
?.d ex.), No. 170.

Arizona _________ Const., Art.?, sec. 3 __________ Acts (193?), cbs. 60-70 •• Acts (19371, cbs,
Rev, Code Aon. (1928), secs. 813- Acts (1937, 3d e1.I, cb. 2
60· 71,
815; 2195.
Rev. Code Aon. (1936 Cu ■, Supp.I,
secs. 774(51; 774( 121: 77412.81;
811.
Acts fl9371, chs. 18; 69 .
.lcu 11937, 3d ex. I, cb. 4.

Acts 119371, chs. 69; 72.

Arkansas ________ State: Oi~est of Stat. C19371,
,ecs. 10676-10693; 10708;
10715- 10731.
Local: Di~est of Stat. f 1937), secs.
2906; 2913; 9157; lOS86-l05Q4.

Digest

Digest of Stat. 119371,
secs. 10658- 10669;

California ______ Coast., Art. II, sK. 4; Art. lVI,
sec. 10.
Gen. laws f 19371, Act. 9?80e;
8780e-l.
Welfare Md Inst.l t.ut.1ona Code

~e-lfare and Institutions
Code 119371, secs. 3'.XJ0--

State

General relief tables 1-5

Alabua _________ Hichies Code Ann. 119281, secs.
2787-28061441.
Hichies Code Ann. (19Yl Cum.
Supp.I, secs. 28061311; 28061451;
29311101-211311271; 67551131.
Gen, and Local .lcta (193~, 2d

ex. I, No. 170.

of Stat. 119371,
oecs. 10676--10695; J06911l07ll; 107~ 10731.

Dir" st

of Stat.

119371, secs.
10676--10694;
10697-10711;
I07~10731.

10676-10694;

10696;

10699-10700; 1070210711; 107~ 10731.

Welfare and Inst itationsCode 11937\
secs. 3000-3091.

iie-lfare- and Institutioas
Code I 1937 I, 9f'>CS. l5CO-

Colorado ________ Const., Art. VII, sec. 4-------- Coast., Art. llIV _________ Stat. Aan. 119351,
cbs. 22, secs. 37Stat. Aao. (1935), chs. 59, sec. Stat. lno. ll93fil, ch. 141,
s~s. 13--27.
68; 141, secs. 13,
1~: 124; 141, secs. 1-12, 15,
Laws 119371, cha. mo-an:
20.
00, 24.
223.
Laws 119371, ch.
Laws 119371, cbs. 216; ~224;
106.
262.

Stat. Ano. f 19351, cbs. 35.
secs. B~l06; 141, se-cs.
1-a:>. 24.
laws Cl937 l, cb. 223.

CoooKticut _____ Ge-n. Stat. (1930), secs. 1684-1685; 1687-1701; 1703-1707;
1710-1719.
Gen. Stat. f 1935 Cum. Supp. I,
secs. 66lc-673c; 713c.
Gen. Stat. 11937 Supp. I, secs.
36ld-365d; :l64d.

Gie,n, Stat.11935 Cua.SuppJ,
secs. 674c; 732c; 734c737c; 740c,-756c; 756c759c; 76lc-764c.
Ge-a. Stat. (1937 Supp.),
secs. 392d-405d.

Geo. Stat. 11937
Supp.I, sec.40ld.

Gen. Stat. 119301, SK'S.
1925-1929, 1931.
Gen. Stat. 11935 Cua.
Supp. I, secs. 672c; 728c.
Gen. Stat. Cl93? Supp.I,
secs. ~4d-385d; 390d391d.

Delswan, ________ Re•. Code 119351, secs. 16?.&1644.
Coast., Art. V, sec. 2.
LaW9 09371, ch. 96.

Re•.

Code 119351, secs.
115()4-1608; 1611-1627.
Laws 1193?1, ch. 124.

___________________

Laws 119371, cb. 9~------

Florid&--------- Co111p. Gen. Laws Cl92?'1, s~s.
2153141; 2267; 2373; 2Q04-2907;
2995; 5673-5675.
Co111p. Ge-n. Laws ( 1035Cu ■• Supp.),
secs. 2276111-227614~1.
Gea. Acts 119371, ctis. l8061IB062; 18285.

Conp. Gen. Laws 11935 Con.
Supp. I, secs. 415113651415113'18 I.
Gen. Acts (19371, chs.
IB015; lB285.

Co ■ p.

Co■p.

119371,

SKS.

2228.

l575.

a))-203; 250()-

2615.
Stat. fl937, 1st e1.), S. Const.
Amend. No. 2.

Gen. Laws
11935 Cn■• Supp. I,
secs. 415113041415113061.
Geo. Acts 11937),
c~s. 18815; 18285.

Geo. 1,a,.. 11935 Cu,..
Supp. I, ■ ecs. 22761L~l22761 l61: 37:!7111-3"2"
1121.
Gea. Jct• (19371, cbs.
18015; 18285.

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BASIC TABLES• 241
Provisions Co•tained in tabl•• 1-37
Agencies
Dtpeacleat ud aeiilected children
Clatltatioas and a,eactesl
tabl .. ~2'7

Niclllea

Code

Ana. 119281, secs.

Yeteraa relitd tables $-33

ad■ hisu·rin1

relief and public assistance

State depart ■eots of pablic
welfare (boards a.ad es.ecu-

Local d~artents of public
welfare (boards and execu-

ti1'9 I tables 34-~

thes) tables 3&-37

Hicbiea Code laa.. tl93'1, secs.
2'197; 211~2992.
lflcbie ■ Coo Aaa. 11936 Co■.
Sopp.I, secs. !!174131-21174151.
Gea. Act ■ 119311, No. 134.
Geo. aad Local Ac t'S I 1935. 2d
ex . I, Nos. 143, sec. . 3; 13; 187.

Michie Code .Aaa. (N4SI, secs. Hichies Code Ana. f 19281,
!03; 105- 114.
secs. 143- 152.
Hlchiea Code Ana. 11936 Ca■• Mic hies Code !DR. 11936 Cua.
Sapp.I, secs. 104; 115; 2723
Sapp. I, ■ecs. 152111; 2'723
111; 2931110 I; 29311141Ill; 29311101-29311271;
29311271; 31>66111-35661101.
3566111-35661 lOJ; 6755.
Ge ■• &ad Local Acts 11935,
Gea. &Dd Local Acts <19~,
2d ex. I, Nos. 143; 1?0.
2d e1. I, Hos. 87; 143.

In. Cod•Aaa.119331. oecs.1932;
1934.
Re•. CodeAaa. 119315 C•. Supp.I,
sec•. 19-1931; 1942.
Acta 11937 I, cb. 69.

lln.Cocs.Aaa . 119331, secs. 322a3225.
Re,. Code An . 11936 Cu■. Supp.I,
secs. 3225a-3225f.

Acts 119371 , c~. 69--·------ Rey. CodeAaa. 119331, sec.
814.
Acts 119371, cbs. 69-72..
Acts 11937, 3d ex. I, cb. 3.

Diaest or Stat. 119371, sec ■•
83:.o; 74'9-74«); 746l¼-7479;
7481-7483; 7490; 7494; !0713.
Acta 119371, Act

Di1est of Stat. 119371, secs. Digest of Stat. ( 19371 . secs.
10 618- 106 ,7; 10670-10675;
105711-10731.
12779; 1279,-13302; 12906- Acts 119371, Act 232, secs.
12918.
l¼-5.

Welfare aad Iastitatioas Code
119371, ■ece. -.5!!0; 630701; 720-7,0; 860-1!14; 900911; lOa:>-llD2; 163>-16:!0.

MilitarraadVeter&asCodeC19371,
seca. 690-700; 9 ~ ; 10101121.
Political~ 119371, sec . 4408&.

Const., Art. IVI, sec . 10 ___ Welfare a.ad IHtitutioasCode
Gen. hm 119371, Acts 8'76'.:le,
f 19371, secs. a»-221;
8?e:Je-l.
1550; 2140; 2503; 30'18.
Veltare Hd lostitutloaa Code
119371, secs. 100-130: 1551;
1554; 1556; 1521; 3l05: 2140:
3075.
Mili tar7 aad Veterans Code
119371, sec. 921.
Stat. (1937, 1st e1.I, S ,
Const. ~ead. No. 2.

Stat. Aan. (19351, cbs. 3, sec.
IOI 91; 33, secs. 1-43. 69-75,
81-84.
laws 119371 , cb. 223.

Stat. An.119361. ch. 150, secs,
1-21.
laws 119371, ch. 242.

Stat. Ann. 11931> I • chs. 22,
sec. 39; 33, secs. 85-66;
141, sec;. l¼-20. 27, 30.
law5 119371. chs. 201. aecs.
1-2: 216, secs . l, 6: 223,
secs. a-3: 224; 262, sec. 1.

Geu . Stat. f 19301, secs. 16171819; 1854--1863: 1855-4872;
1874-1876; l!l?!I: 1880-1883;
1885-1891: 189~906; 1912;
1914; 1916; 1921; 2680.
Gea. Stat. 11935 Cu■ . Supp. I,
secs. 687c-6B8c: 692c--'704c;
70l!c; 'l09c; 712c-717c; 72lc725c.
Geo. Stat. 11937 Sopp.I, secs.
374d; 380d-389d.

Gen. Stat. C1930J, 9ecs. 19441950; 1952; 1954--1956; 1950;
1965-1957; 1970.
Geo. Stat . fl935 Cum, Supp.I,
secs . 768c-774c: 776c; 779c-

l03; 108; ll0-114; 1111-152;
3533; 3035; 3638; 3&41-31>42.

Nlc~le-s Code Ana. 11936 Cu.
Swpp. I, ·aeca. !04; 11,: 1'2111;
353!1-3$«>; 211311101-293112'11;
8~.
11935. 2d

Ge.. ud Local Acta
H. I, No. 1?0.

=·

Rev. C.Ode fl9351, secs. lllS1119; 1127-1135; 2538-2547;
2621-2622: 4327-4353.
laws 119371, cha. 97-98.
Gen. Laws 1192:11, secs.
3684-3704; 3709-3? 15.
Co11p. Cea . ta... ll935Co~. Supp . I.
■ ecs . 3691111 ; 3700111-3700191;
3715111 .
Gea. Acts 119371, cb. 18285.
Coarp ,

7B0c .
Ge ■•

Stat. C1937 Sapp.!, secs.
17211-175<1; 407d-409d; 4lld413d; 416d-419d.

Rev. Code 119351, s•cs.325-32? __

Laws 119371, cb. 32.

Coap. ~a . Laws ( 19271, secs .
=7-2129 .
Cotlp. Ge•. laws 11935 Co•. Supp. I,
,ecs . 21021 II; 2121111; 2124.
Geo. lets 119371, cbs. 10046-18047.

Digest of Stat. 1193'7), secs,
2906; 2913; 10586; 10590;
10676; 10582; 10584-10731.

Stet. Aaa. 119351. chs. 22.
sec. 40; 33, secs. 85, 88;
124, 5e<., 3: 141, secs. 13,
21-25.
La'IB I 1937), chs. 201, secs.
1, 3; 216, 9eCS, }, 7: 223,
s«s. 1, 3.

G••· Stat . 119301, secs. 1710;
1723-1724; 1914; 1916; 1921;
1927 .
Gen. Stat. f 19'35 Cu111 , Supp . I,
secs, 667c-666c; 6?0:-674c:
710c--715c; 721c; nae; ?34c73:ic.
Gen. Stat. 11937 Supp. I, secs .
l.26l; 35M--.155d; 384d-389d;
391d; 395d; 401d.
Sp. Laws 119371, pp. 396-397.
Rev. Code 119351, secs.11151124; ll30; 1604-1508; 16281629.
Laws I 19371, ch. 95, sec . 2.

Gen. Acts U931>, ch . 18285_ District Board; Gea . Acts
119371, cb. 18335.
County Welfare Board: Comp.
Gen. Lnn fl9J21, se-cs.
2153; 2276111-2276151 ;
2904-290?;
2909-2912:
299,.
Comp.

G~o.

Laws ( 1935 CWll.

Supp.I, sec. 2903.
Gen. Actsll937l, chs, l8J62:
19409.

J 88640 0-39--17

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242 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Tabl•

38.-Cltatlon• to &tatutor* Provlal011a
!'rOTi ■ loH

State
General rellef table• l-5

Old a,e usistu.ce tablea
6-ll

Bliad usistuce
tableo 12-17

1raatia1 relief &ad poblic
Aid to depeode1t dlldreo
ii tlleir owa
tables 1&-21

•aaeo

Georria --------- Co■st., Art. II, Jee■• &-803;
ll-5402. Code 11Q331, aeco. 232W 1-23-2310; 34,-3)3; 86-aJQ;
Qll-3715.
Act• 119371, P• m.

Acta 119371, pp.311, 35!1. __ Acta 11Q371, pp.
Acta f 1937, lat. es. I, pp.
M5: 5&8.
6&-6Q; 2112; 351.
Acto I 1937, lot
es.I, pp. 68-69;
292.

Acta !1937), pp. !65;

!dabo ___________ Cont., Art. VI, oec. 5---------Cod• Aaa. 119321, secs. 30-601:,:)-605; 30-706: :lCH!lll2; 3031() 1-30-2111 l; 30-~ a-:io- ~ ,
33-403.
Laws 119351, cbs, 15; 104Lawo I 1935, :ld ei. l. cb. 2.
Laws 119371, cba, 81; 115; 216.
llliDoh ________ S ■ itb-Rurd Re•. Stat. 119351 0
cbs. 23, secs. 393-409: 46. sec,
159; 107, sec!II. 1-44.
S.Ltb-Hurd Re•. Stat, 11936 Cua.
Pa.II. I, ch. 107, secs. 2, 4,a-4b,
6, 10. 12, 14-l4a, 15,l. 16,
17a, 18a-l8b, 19"-lllb, 21-22,
24-27&, 30. 34, 45--46Laws 11935, 2d ex. I, R. Ba. 85,
p. 94; 99, p. 78; 100, p. 88.
S.l~h-Rurd le•. Stat. ll938Sopp.l,
chs. 24, sec. 55.102, 102. 123:
34, sec. 25; 107, aeca. 20, 36&.

La• 119371. cu, 216; 244 _ Laws 119371 0 cbo.

Lan 119371. cbo. 216;

hdiaaa -·------- Baldwin's Stat. Aan. (19341, secs.
13321-13322; 13326; 13360;
13362-13391; 13395.
8&ldwia 1 s Stat, Au. IHay 1935
Supp. I, secs. 13320-1-13320-:18;
13359-1-13359-12; 13364-113364-3; 13370; 13392-13394;
13395-l.
Laws ll9371. cbs. 41; llQ, sec.

63)__

Acts f 1037, 1st es. J, pp.
6&-6Q; 2!12.

aw

216; 244.

So!th-Rml Rn. Stat. 119351.
ch. 23, aec. 28.
S.L th-Ru rd a... Stat. 11936
Cua. Pu. I, ch. 23, secs.
410-427.
Laws ll9371. I. B. ~ p .
265,

S ■ itb-

Hard R....
Stat. 119351 0 cbs.

23, sec a. 27'>287a; 34, sec. 67.
Salt b-Rurd R...
Stat. 11936 Cu ■•
Pa ■.), cb,
34,

Rn. Stat.
119~1. cbs. 23. aeca.
322-340; 34, sec. 67b.
IA"9 (lQ37l. H. B. 86, p.
270.

·S■ ltb-Hurd

seca. 6'7k, 671,.

8&ldwi ■ 1 s

Stat,

Ana.

fMa7

1936 Supp. I, secs. 140781; 14078-32-1407&-51;
14078-98-14078-130.
Lawa ll9371, cbs. U; 47,

Baldwla's Stat.
Au. INa1 1936
Supp. J,
secs.
14078-l; 140'78-5214078-70; 1407&Q&-14078-130.
Laws llQ371, cba.
41;47.

lialdwia's Stat. A.aa. Olar
1936 Supp. l, aeca. 1407871-1407&-82; 140'7&-g()14078-130.
La... 11937). ch. 41.

l; 208; 254.

Iowa ____________ Code 119351, secs.

388; 4005-4030; 5130ll21; 5297-5337;
5338-5347; 5362; 5771; 6742,
Acts 119371, ch. 195,

Code IIQ351, secs. 5296-!9;
5296-!29; 5296-!37; 5296!39-5296-!40.
Acta 119371, chs. 137; 139;
151; 186; 195,

Kansas __________ Coast., Arts. 5, sec. 3; 7, sec. 4, Coast., Art. 7, secs. 4-5 _
La.,. ll9371, cb. '!fl:7.
Gen. Stat. A ■ n. CH~35), secs
19-244; 39-101-39-102; 39-30139-340; 39-342<1-39-353; 39-35939-362; 39-3"04-39-3"13; 39401-39-414; 39- 510-39- 527.
Laws 119371, chs. 242-244; 248;
327; 374.
LaV9 11937, ht ex. I, R. B. 80.
Kentuct7 _________ Carroll's Stat. Ano. fl9361, secs. Carroll's Stat. Ann. fl93el,
913-1; 1840; 1882; 30:iB-14;
secs. 3766bb-l-3'166bb-l6.
3922-3933.
Acu 11036, 1st ex. I, ch. l,
Acu 11936, 1st ex. I, ch. 1, Art.
Art. 13.
13.
Acts ll9381, chs. 20; 56r,e.
Acts ll9381, ch. 122.

Louisiau. _______ Coast. fl921 ), Arts. 6, sec. 10:
8, aecs. 2-3, e, 13.
Gen. Stat. 119321, secs. 64706486.
Geo. Stat. I lQ36 Cua. Supp. I.
secs. 6537 .8; 6537 .12.

C.On.st. 119211, Art. 18, sec.
7,

Gea. Stat ll936C.... Supp.I,
secs. 6538.26-6538.49.

Acto

119371, cha.· Code llQ351, secs. 3641;
3641-bl; 3642-3645.
Acts ( 19371, cha. ll8; 151.

144; 151.

O.St., Art. 7, sec.
4,
Lawo IIQ371. ch.
32:T.

Coast., Art. 7, sec, 4 __ _
Lawa 119371, ch. 32'7,

Carroll's Stat.
Aaa. (19361, secs.
l893t.-l0-l811Za-l3.
Acts Cl936, lat
ex. I, ch. 1, Art.
13.
Acts llQ381, ch. 20.

Carroll's

0:>llllt. 119211,Art.
18, sec. 7.
Geo. Stat. 11936
Ca. ■. Sapp. I, seca.
6538.1-6538.25.

CoHt. 119211, Art. 18,
secs. 5; 7,
Geo. Stat. 11~36 Ca ■.
Supp. I, i.ecs
6539,46539.12

Dig11zed by

Stat.

A.an.

119361, secs. 33lL-8;
53lL-16-331L-29; 461835.
Acts (1936, lat e.1. I, c•.
l, Art. 13.
Acts 119381. ch. 20.

Google

BASIC TABLES• 243
Contained In Tables 1-37-Contlnued
Areuc~es adatn1st~r'tar relief &ad public assistuce

■ sahtuce

l)e,peadeat .ud aellected cbildren
li ■ atitutioa• a.ad aceacies)
tables ~2?'
Code !19331, secs. 24-2401-2'~ 35-505-35-506.
.Acta fl9361, pp. 398-3;9; 4QO.
Acts 119371, p. 365.

Code Aan. 119321, secs. 31- lllH31-1223; 31-1312.
L&w !19371, cb. 216.

S.it~-Rard ReT. Stat, 119351,
cbs. 23, secs. 190-220, 304W; 107, oec. 44,
S.ltb-Bnrd lleT. Stat. 119:le Co■.

Yeteraa relief tables ~33

Code 119331, cha. 36; 77-78;

Laws 119351, ch. 104 ______ _
Laws 11937 I, cha. 8:>4; 216;
244.

Laws 119371, cb. 216,

S ■ ith-Hard

S..i th-Hurd Rn. Stat. 119351,
chs. 23, secs. 43, 136-138,
299a-299e, 393--409; 127,
secs. 3-11, 53-Mb.
Laws 119371, H. B's. 56S. p.
2n: 958, p. 451.
Laws (1937), S. B's. 19~, p.
1155; 276,
3■! th-Hard lleT. Stat, 11938
Supp. J, cha. 23, •ec. 394;
34, sec. 67,2,

S■ ith-Hurd

ReT, St&t, 119351,
ch. 34, aecs. 67a-67l.
S■ ! th-Burd lleT. Stat. ll9Je
Cua. Paa. J, ell. 34, secs.
67J-67u.
Laws 119371, 8. B. 958, p.
451,
S■ ith-Hurd lleT. Stat. 11938
Supp. I, chs. 2A, sec. 65,102;
34. sec. 67 .2.

Bslclwla 's Stat. Au. IH&J
H36 Supp. I, secs. 1407&-21407&-4; 14078-6-14078-17;
14078-28-14078-31,
Laws 119371, ch. 41, secs.
l, 6-7.

Balclwla's Stat. Au, ll9341,
secs. 5684-5685.
Balclwh'• Stat. Au. IHar
lo:16 Supp.~ seco. 14076-18;
1407&-21: 1407&-23: 1407825-14078-26: 14078-2814078-31,
Laws 119371, ch. 41, secs.
1-7.

Acts 119371, cbs. 118; 137;
144: 151; 195,

Acu 119371, cha, 137; 144:
151.

ReT, Stat. 119351,
chs, 23, .. ca. 3--5, ll5-l63;
34, secs. 131-141,

Paa. I, ch. 34, sec. 67t.
lleT, Stat. 11938
Supp.), cb. 34, oecs. 25, 67.2.

Code 119351, secs. 3605-36161>;
:l61.'1-3640; Je46-3657; 3661-&83661-alO; 3661-&43; 3661-a583661-&100; 3666-3683; 36983?03; 3?06-3720; 7173,
Acu 119371, cb. 118,

Bt.lclwh'a Stat.

A■ a.

119341, oeca.

40fl4-4ll0.

Bt.lclwh'o Stat. Au.

IH&J 1935

Sapp. I, secs. 4086; 4086-14086-3; 4095-1; 4441- 44 58;
11019,
Baldlfla's Stat. An. IHaJ 19Je
Sapp. I, secs. 14078-8-14078-9;
14078-11.
Law 119371, chs. 41; 112,

Code 119351, seco. 3287-3384;
5325-5326; 5385-5396-a2; 602(),

Ge ■.

Stat. Aao. 119351, secs. 3&- Gen. Stat . Aaa . 119351, secs. 39101- 39-l O9; 73-211-73-212;
301-3&-318; 38-401-3&-410;
73-301-73-307; 76-101-76-163;
3&-4.l.l!-3&-415; 3&-42!¼--38-432;
76-1901; 76-1918; 76-1920-7638--501-3&-515; :W--lOl-:W--109;
19215,
76-l?Ol-76-1712.
Laws 119371, cha. 342,-343,
Lu,o 119371, ch. 327,

Ca.rroll'• Stat. Aaa. 11~361, secs.
216&-3; 2168-22; 216&a-32: 3311>l: 33lc-l; 33le-l-33le-l5;
33le-ll>-33le-21; 33lL-6-331Ll9; 331■-l; 331 ■-2; 938b-l938b-22; 461&-35,
Acta 11936 , lat e>,l, cb. l, Art.
13,

Carroll's Stat. Aa1, 119361, ••ca.
415s-l-415s-12; 415b-4151>-2A;
461&-25-461&-27; 4619-81.
Acts (1936, bt ex.l,ch. l, Arts.
2, 13, 215. 27.
Acu 110381, ch. 39,
Acu U938, lat ex.), cb. 33.

Acts 119371, pp. 311; 365;
370; 1565; 579; 630.

Code I 19331, secs. 78-lD578-213; 23-2!01; 23-2«)1,
Acta 119371, pp. 364; 612.

Coust., Art. 7, sec. 4 ______ Lan 119371, cb. 327,
La><s 119371, chs. 29; 327328: 374,

C.arroll 1s Stat, Alla. fl9361,
••cs. 2l6a-3--216a-4: 216u2-216aa-34; 216aa-1022l6aa-107; 33lL-2-33lL-29;
3766bb-4; 4618-35,
Acts ClQ36, 1st ex. J, ell. 1,
Arts. 2, 13, 215-27,
Acu 11936, 4th ex.I, ch. 15,
Acts (19381, chs. 57-58 •
.-'eta (1Q38, lat ex.I, ch. as.

Cont.119211, Arts. &, oec, 10; C.Out. (1921), Arts. 6, sec.
7, sec. 96,
18, secs. 1-3, 7.
10; 18, sec. 7.
Stat. 119321. oeco. 16-.. Clea. Stat. 119321, secs. 8295; Geo, Stat. 11936 C... Supp. I,
1718,
91~9187; 9194-9196; 9 1 secs. 6537,1-6537,8;
6537.15-6537,l!S; 9193.1Ge ■ , Stat. 11936 Cu. Supp. l,
9221,
9193,9.
aeco. 1700; 1718,1-1718,3; Gu. Stat. 119:le Ca ■• Supp. I,
81)37,8; 6537,12,
HCS, 9193,1-9193,9; 9197,

Coat. 119211, lrto. 6, oec. 10;

Local depart_;ats of public
welfare lboards ud e1ecathes J tables 36-37

Cod• 119331, secs. 23-2401-232403; 78-lDl-78-230; 31>-90135-905; gz-3701,
Acta 119371, p. 365.
Acta I 1937, lot n. l, pp. 21l2;
304.
Code Aoa. 119321, secs. :!D-2911;
&3-lDl-63-3'2; 63-3J4-&3-al5;
64-701-154-?06; 64-806,
Laws I 193S I, cb. 130.

S ■ ltb-Blrd

Baldwlo's Stat. AH. 119341, secs.
4400-4440: 56e9-5684: 568615696: 5700-570S; 57.l.l!-5714:
57le-5n7.
llaldlfu's Stat. Aaa. !Ka, 11135
Sapp. I, oeco. ~94; 5706-5711;
5715,
llaldwlo'a Stat. Au. IHa, 1936
Sapp. I, secs. 1407&-l; 14078-814(778-9; 1407&-ll; 1407&-21;
14078-26; 1407&-83.
IAvs 119~71, cha. 41: 298,

State dep~rtlleats of public
welfare lboards &ad execathesJ tableos 34--35

Geo. Stat. 11936 Co■ . Sapp. l,
secs. 6537 ,8-6537 ,15,

Ge■.

DgitzedbyGoogre

244 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Toole

38.-Citations to Statutory Provisions
Prowisions arutiur relil!f a.ad public

State

Ge-neral relief tables 1-~

Old ace a.ssista.ace tables
6-11

___________ C.Onst.. Arts. 2, sec. 1: 44----- Laws '1937, latex.I, cb.
~¥. Stat.
119301, chs. 6, sec.
10~.
2: 18, sec. 4: 33: 72, sec. 5;
153.
Laws 119311, chs. 124; 2161.avs fl933l, chs. l, sec. 301;
23; lM; 223: 228.
Lavs 119351, chs. l; g1,
Laws (1937 I, ch. 191,
Maryland ________ BaibY's Ano. Code fl924), Arts. Lav. 11937, 1st e,.1, ch.
4; 25: 65, sec. 1.
12.
Ann. Code fl935 Supp. I, Arts. 4,
sec. 3; 88A, secs. 3, 7,
9A-9G.
Flack's Code c1. Public Local Laws
11930 I, Arts. l-24.
Hal ti110re City Charter Cl927 I,
secs. 103-114,
La.,. 11936, 1st e,.l, chs. 10-ll.
Ma.i ■ e

as-an.

Blind assistance
tables l~l7
Laws 1!9371,
210.

ch.

(1935, 1st
n:. I, ch. 145,

LAws

Laws

Cl937,

l st

Aid to dependent chi ldrea
iR their cw. hoaes

tables 18-21

Laws 1111371, ch. 177 ___ _

Laws (1935, 1st

ei. ),

ct,.

148Laws Cl9:57J, cb. 39.

ex. J, cb. 4,

Laws (193?, 1st ea.. J, c.b.
3.

Laws 119321.
chs. 15, .secs. 5,
13: 69, secs. 12-

Ana. Laws ll936 C. ■. Supp. J.

L&ws 11Q371, ch. 191.

f,l.a.ssachwsetts .., __ Ano. Laws 119321, chs. 47; ll6ll7.
Ano. Laws (1936 Cu.a. Supp.), chs.
116, sec. 2: 117, secs. 1, 2A,
6, 18, 24Ac ts 119371, chs. 86; 107; 113:
125: 277.
Ach f 19::581, chs. 186, sec. 4;
425: 465; H. B. 981.

Aon. Laws 11936 Cua. Sopp. I,
chs. llsA; 138, sec. 27,
Acts Cl937J, chs. 107; 165;
440Acts (19381, chs. 186, sec.
4; 274; 285; 467.

Aaa.

ch. ll8,
Acts fl\1371, ch. 107.

24Ann. Law,, 1!936 Cua.
Supp. I, ch. 69,

sec. 25.
Acts (19371, ch.
107.

Hichiean ________ Const., Art. 3, sec. 2 __________ Stat, Aon. (19351, secs. Stat. Ann. (19351, Stat. ha. (19351, secs.
Stat. Aon, (19351, secs. 5.331;
16,201-16.239.
secs. 16.33-16.37.
25.297.
14.1139; 14.1147; 16.31-16.46;
Stat. Ano. r 1938 Stat. hn. (1938 C••·
Cum. Sopp. I, secs.
Supp. I, secs. 16,367;
16.121-16.195; 16.251-16.306.
16.367; 25.297.
25.297.
Stat. Ano. fl938 Cuiis. Supp. I, sec.
16.367.
Minnesota _______ Ha.son •s Mina. Stat. ( 19271, secs. Ha~n 's Hin. Stat. 11938 Mason I s Min ■. Stat. Hason 1 s Minn. Stat. 11958
3157-3160; 3162-3164; 3166;
Supp. I , secs. 53-1811.; 974ll938Supp.l, secs.
Supp. I, s~cs. 53-lea.;
53-IBa; 974-17;
3168-3196; 3199-1; 3199-3.
l 7; 3183-1; 3199-118688-3-8688-26.
Ma.soo 1 s Minn. Stat. Cl938 Supp.),
3199-47.
3l99-42-319<r89.
secs. 1192-1-1192-5; 31~3;
3161; 3164-1-3164-8; 3164-193164-21; 3165: 3167; 3171-13171-2; 3177-1-3177-6; 319:',-1319:',-4; 3199.
Mississippi_ _____ Const. (18901, s~cs. 241; 243 ___ Lavs f19361, ch. 175 ______
Code Aon. I 19301, secs. 214-215; Lav. 09381, ch. 361.
3127; 5694-5716.
Lav. 119321, ch. 101.
Lavs 119341, ch. 308.
Laws (19361, ch. 319.
Hhsouri ________ C.Oast., Art. VIII, se!c. 2 _______ Stat. A.an. Cl938Culll. Pocket
Stat. Ann. tl9321, secs. 10179;
Pl\rt I, secs. 12967b-l;
12939; 12944; 12950-12967.
12967b-3;
12967b-llStat. A.no. fl938Cum. Pocket PartJ,
12967b-12;
12967b-14secs.
12967b-l; 12967b-!l;
12967b·20.
12967b-l4-12967b-20.

Laws

(19381, ch.

181.

Const., :\rt. IV,
s~c. 4,
Stat. , ... (19321,
secs. 8B93;8A958900; B902-8905.
Stat. Ann. ll938

Code Ana. fl9301,
4011-4020.

se-cs.

Stat. Aaa. (1938 a.. Poetet Part I, SK.S. 12%7b-l;
l2967b-ll; l2967b-1312967b-20.

C. ■.

Poc~t Part I,
aecs. 8894; 890l.

Montana _________ Rev. CodeAaa. (19351,secs. 4~1-

4541.
Lav. fl 9371, ch. 82.
Nebraska _________ Co,,ip. Stat. I 19291.secs. 5:',-101;
68-102; 68-106-68-109; 68-11768-120; 68-123; 77-1802.
Co•p. Stat. 11937 Cu ■. Supp. I,
secs. 27-748; 68-101; 68-10368-105; 68cll0-68-ll6; 68-121;
68-124-68-125; 68-324; 77-1801.

Laws 11937J, ch. 82, pts. l.
Ill, VIII.

La,,s 119371, ch. 82,

Comp. Stat. Cl937 Cu ■.
Supp. I, secs. 68-25768-286; 68-317-68-318;
68-324-68-325.

Comp. Stat. !l929 l, Comp. Stat. '1929>, secs.
secs. 83-317.
43-401-43-403; 43-40~;
CoOfflp. Stat. 11937
43-407; 43-414.
Cu ■. Slipp. I, secs.
C:0..p. Stat. ll?37 a.,,
68-317-68-318;
Supp. I, secs. 4~404: 4368-324-68- 325;
406; 43-415; 43-501-4368-401-68-433.
523; 68-318; 68-325.

pts. I, V, VIII.

0 g1tized by

Laws 119371, ch. 82, pts.

I, IV.

Google

BASIC TABLES• 245
Contained in Tables 1-37-COntinued
assistuce
Depeodeat and nei'lected children
(institutions and a.geodes>
tables 22-27

Acts 119331, cbs. l, secs. 203209, 471: ue.
Acts 119371, cbs. 5; 177; 197.

Aaeacies adllinisteriaa relief and public assistance
Veteran relief tables 28--33

ReT. Stat. fl930J, chs. 5, secs.
70-71; 33,
Laws 119311,
Laws U933l,
240.
Laws 119351,
Laws 119371,

sec. 8.
ch. 216,
ch. 1, secs. 254•
ch. 116,
ch. 215,

State departaents o! public
welfare (boards and executives l tables 34.-35

Local departments of public
veUa.re (boards and executives I tables 36-37

Laws Cl931J, ch. 216 _______ _
Laws 119331, chs. 1, 188.
Laws 119371, chs. 138-139;
141, 177, 210,
Laws f 1937, 1st e.1. I, chs.
105-106,

&gby's A~u. Code 119241, Art.
27, sec. 5,80.
Ann. Code fl935 Su.pp. J, Arts. 26,
secs. 64. 72: 52, 5ecs. 81-90;
88,\, secs. 2. 6, sB, eo.
Balti.:ire CitJ Charter fl927J.
sec. 107,
La..,. 119371, ch. 490.

Auu. Code 11935 Supp. I, Art. 65,
secs. 57-60.

Aun. Code 11935 Supp. I, Art.
88A, secs. 1-ao.
Laws 11937 I, ch. 191.
laws Cl937, lst ex. I, chs. 34; 12.

A.a.a.. La.vs U9321. cbs. 18, secs.

Aaa. Laws 119321, chs. 6, secs.
40-41; 115; 115, aeca. 1151, 45.
Aon. Laws 11936 Cua. Supp. I, chs.
115, secs. 12A, 17-ro; UeA.
Acts 119371, cha. 107; 196; 273;
440.

Const., pt. II, ch. II, sec.

9. 11.16; 47; 116, secs. 11311141; 117. secs. 36-37; ll9,
secs. 1-51. 65-72; 121. secs.
7, 16; 276, secs. 83. 86.
Acts 119371, ch. 332,

St.at. Ann. U935J, secs. 16.316.4; 16.271; 25.231-25.263;
25.291-25.304; 25.311-25.355;
2~.361-25.371; 25.381-25.396.

Stat. Aan. fl935J, secs. 4.8714.894; 4.901-4.941; 4.10214.1041; 4.1051-4.1058; 4.11314.1151; 4.1321-4.1325.

Ann. Code 11935 Supp. I, Art.
88A, secs. sA; 8D-8G,
Laws '1935, lst ex. I, ch.
148,
Laws (1937, 1st ex. I, cbs.
3-4; 12.
8a.ltilllore City Charter 119271,
secs. 103-104,

Aun. Laws q9321, chs. 40,
III.
secs. 4-5: 41, secs. 1,
Aun. Laws 119321, chs. 18;
20-22, 31, 34; 117; 119.
119; 121, secs. 1-42,
Aon. Laws 11936 Cu■.· Supp. I,
Aun. Laws 11936 Cum. Supp. I,
cbs. 117, sec. 1: 118, sec.
chs. 59, sec. 29; 18; 118;
2; 118.I. sec. 2.
118.I; 121. secs. BA, 9A; 138, Acts 119371, chs. ll3; 440,
sec. 27,
Acts 119381, ch. 476.
Acts ll9371, ch. 440.
Acts I 19381. ch. 476.
Stat. Aun. 119351, secs. 16.1- St&t. Ann. tl935J, secs.
16.46; 16.201-16.204.
16.36; 16.101; 16.113;
16.204-16.205.

Ka.son's Minn. Stat. (1927), secs. Masoa's Hian. Stat. (1927), secs,
4346-4364; 4366; 4387-4390;
4618-4627; 4454-4459; 44624469; 4560-4576; 4618-4627;
4599-4600.
8636; 8639; 8642; 8645-8669; H&so1 1 s Mina. Stat. fl938 Sapp. I,
secs. 1192-}--1192-5; 4344; 4365;
8689-2-8689-~4370; 4372; 4397-3-4397-28;
Ha.son's Minn. Stat. '1938 Supp. l,
secs. 974-17a; 4460; 4467-14401-ll-4401-12; 4601-4604.
4467-2; 4562-45e3; 4569; 86378638; B640-8641; 8642-1; 86431; 8544; 8644-1; 0664-1; 8664-3.
Code A.an. (1930), secs.
4011; Code AB ■• fl930J, !lees. 214; 290
I a I ; 3866-387 4; 5807-5824.
5710; 7247-7268.
Laws 119361, ch. 316.
Laws 119361, ch. 180.
Laws 119381, ch. 172.
Laws 119381, ch. 362.

Ma.son's Mian. Stat. tl927J,

Stat. Aon. fl93:2J, se-cs. ?e.24- Stat. Ano. '19321, secs. 13927;

Stat. Ann. 11938 Cun, Pocket
Pa.rt), secs. 1296 7b-l1296'1b-8; 1296'1b-20-12967b25.

Stat. Ann. 119321, secs.
12938-12945.
Stat. Ana. (1938 Cu111. Pocket
Part), secs. 12967b -2:
12967b-9-l2967b-10.

Laws 119371, ch. 82 --------

Laws 119371, ch. 82.

7630; 12939; 12948; 14095; 1409714147; 14152-14158; 1416414181.
Stat. Auu. I 1938~. ll>cket Part I,
secs. 12957b-l; 1296'1b-4; 14146.

13930-13940.
Stat. Aau. I 19380,,,. Pocket Part I,
secs. 13928-13929.

Re•. Code Ann. !19351, secs. 14841510; 10465-10479.1.
Laws 119371, ch. 82.
Co,op. Stat. 119291, secs. 28-934;
43-201-43-228; 76-2501-76-2607;
83-501-83-002; 83-505-83-508.
eo,,p. Stat. 11937 Cnm. Supp. I,
secs. 43-229; 68-318; 83-50383-!:04,

Rev. Code Ann. (19351, secs. lf.20:
1526-1546; 4537-4541.
Laws ll9371, ch. 163.
Co111p. Stat. I 19291, secs. 80-10480-109; 80-302-80-306.
Coo,p. Stat. 11937 Cum. Supp. I,
secs. 38-415; 77-1801; 80-301;
80-308; 83-109; 83-lll; 83-135.

secs. 4399-4433; 44374459; 4551; 4567; 4570; 4600.
Ha.son's Mina. Stat.
<1938
Supp. J, secs. ~3-l&; 319913; 3199-64; 4398; 4603;
8646-1; 8683-3-8683-4.

Mason's Hian. Stat. Cl938
Supp. J, s~s. 974-11-974-

21.

Laws 119361, ch. 175 -------- Laws 119361, ch. 175.
Laws 119381, chs. 172; 181.
Laws 119381, chs. 172; 181.

Const., Art. IV, sec. 19 __ _ Cooop. Stat. fl 937 c.... Supp. I,
Comp. Stat. I 19291, seca. 83secs. 43-502; 68-258; 68101-83-106.
326-68-334; 68-401.
Comp. Stat. 11937 c.... Supp. I,
secs. 43-503; 66-411; 683l 7-68-325; 68-403; 772306; 83-107; 83-109; e:i503-83-504.

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246 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Tabl• J8.-Cltations to Statutory Provisions
l'ro•lslons erutl■c relief aad p,1bllc

State
General re lief tables 1-1

L.,.. ll!l29l, secs. 2361;
5137-5142; 514~5150.
Coep. Laws llg',34 Pocket Part I,
secs. 5143-5144,
Stat, (19351, ch, 138,
Stat. 119371, cb. 127,

Old

i

are as~~~•ce ta

bl

Bliad aasistuce

es

tables 12-17

Aid to

ta

depe■ cle.t

:::f:s 7~~

cbildm

NeY&da __________ Coltp.

Stat. 11935!, ch. 138 ____ Co111>, Laws 119291,
Stat. I 19371, chs. 58; 67;
secs. 2313-2321.
127-128,
Stat. 119351, -ell.
138,
Stat. 119371, cb.

Laws 111129!, aecs.
5100-5107,
Coap. Lava ! 1934 Pocliet
Part J, sec. 984.02.
Stat. 119351, ch. 138.
Stat, ll9371, cb. 127,

Nev BaapsUre ___ Pab. Lavs 119261, cha. 23, sec. 2:
105; 106, secs. I, 7-8, 22-31;
107,
Ls.,. !l933l, cbs. 65; 137; 142,
Laws 119371, ch. 202,

Laws 119371, ch. 202 ______ Lavs

~ - !19371, cb. 202 ___ _

w.

119371,

ch.

Coap.

202.

New JeraeJ ·----- Const., Art. 2, sec. l _________ Re-Y. Stat. fl937l, aeca. Rn. Stat. 119371,
Re•. Stat. 119371, secs. 2: 160-13;
44:7-1-44:7-35,
secs. 30:&-1-30:
19:4-1; 44:1-3-44: 1-9; 44: 1-246-16.
44: 1-37; 44: 1-61-44: 1-166: 44:
2-1-44:2-9; 44:3-1-44:3-4;
44:4-1-44:4-19; 44:4-45-44:4103; 44:4-!18-44:4-135; 44:5-144:5-19: 44:8-1-44:8-31; A:2-IA:2-7.
Lava 119381, cha, 28; 123.
Nev Mexico ______ Stat. Ano. 119291, seca. 101-IOl- Stat. An. 11938 Supp. l, Stat. Ana. 11938
101-103; 130-803,
secs. 134-2501; 134-2=:
Supp.I, secs. 134Stat. Ann, 11938 Supp. J, seu.
134-2511-134-2521; 134250 I; 134-2504;
134-2503-134-2=: 134-25112527-134-2533.
134-2511-134134-2521; 134-2.."25; 134-22521; 134-2527134-2533.
134-2533.
New fork ________ Cahill'• Cons. Lan 119301, ch. Laws 11936!, ch. 693 ______ Law 119371, ch.15.
49¥,
Lava 119371, ch. 645.
Cahill'• Cona. Lava 11931-35
Supp.I, cb. 49¥,
Lavs 119361, chs. 426; 873.
Lsvs 11937!, chs. 73; 358; 411;
492; 877,
Lsvs 11938), cha. 348; 443-444;
447; 590,
Charter of llew York CitJ 1193!51,
ch. 24.

ReY, Stat. llQ37t,, wcs.
30: 5-1-30:5-45.
Laws 119381,cha. 161; 400.

Stat, Au. llg'38Supp.J,
secs. 134-2501; 1342511-134-2521; 134--2524;
134-2!;28-134-2533.

La"" 11937!, cb. 15 ____ _
Lsvs 119381, cb. 478,

North Carolina __ Code Aon. 11935!, secs. 133~
l3431Pl; 5942.

Pab. Lsvs 119371, ch. 288 __ Cont., Art. n,
P,,b, LocalLsvs-119371, ch.
sec. 10,
538,
Pl,b, Laws 119371,
ch. 124.

Pab. Lava 119371, cb. 288 _

Nortb Dakota ____ Cofllp. Lava Ano. 119131, secs. 7·
2534-2544.
Comp. Lav. Ann. ! l913-1925Supp.l,
secs. 2529-2530,
Lavs 11933 l , cha. 97-98,
Lava 119351, chs. 119-120; 123:
276,
Laws 119371, ch. 214,

Laws 11937), chs. 86: 211 __ Laws

Laws 11937!, chs. Be; 20Q..

Tbrocborton 1 s Code Aan. Th rockaortoa's Code
fl 936 J, ■ ecs. 13 5 9-1Aaa. fl936J,aecs.
296~29?0,
13 5 9- 30 as & ■ended b7
{January l938Supp. J, secs.
1359-2; 1359-7; i359-!2;
1359-14; 1359-15&; 135916: 1359-18-1359-21.

Throckaortoa's Ox1f!' A■•·
11936), secs. 135~311359-42; 1656.
Uanu.r, 1938 Supp.I, sec.
1359-33&.

A••·

Ohio ____________ Code
Cl93el, secs. 2 ~ 2557-4; 3138-1; 3148; 34763496-16; 4021-4035; 4089-4096;
6308-7.
Throclr:111ortoa 's Code A.an. I April
1938 Supp.I, secs, 2555; 3477.

11937!, chs.
86; 210.

Oklahma ________ Stat. fl93U, ch. 35, Art. 10 ___ Stat. An. fl93e Supp.), ch.
Sl4t. Ann. 11938 Supp. J, ch. 24,
24, Art, l5b,
Art. 15A.

Stat. Ano. 11938 Stat. An ■ • 11938 S.ppJ,
Supp. I, ch. 24,
ch. 24, Art. 15".
Art. l5b.

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BASIC TABLES• 247
Contained In Tables 1-37-Contlnued
auistuce

Arencies administerini relief a.ad public assistance

llepeadeat ud aejilected child,..
(iutitatioa.s and a,eaciesl
tables 22-27

Veteru relief tablH 28-33

Ci,ap. Lano 119291, seca. 491;
1010--1017; 1020-1022; 1039;
5141; 7-7601.
Stat, 119371, chs. 127; 173.

Coap.

LaNs fl929J, secs. 3526;

Pab. Laws 119261, chs, 107; l()g;
113: 108, sec. 7,
Lowa 119331, ch, 147.
1-s 119371, cha. 143; 152; 3J2,

Pob. Laws 119261, chs 12: 106,
secs. 9-21.
Lan 119291, ch. 2S,
Laws 119311, chs. 94; 138,
Laws 119331, ch. 78,
Laws 119351, chs. 157-158.
Laws 11937), ch. 202, aec. 27.

6876,

lle'r. Stat. fl9371, seca. 9:4-1- ReY, Stat. 119371, secs. 30:4-130:4-22; 30:6A-l; 30:&A-18; 38:
9:4-19; 9!6-l-9:6-12; 9:7-19:7-5; 9:8-l; g: 10-1-9: 10-6;
17-1-38:17-5; 38:18-1-38: 18-3;
43:8-5-43:8-7,
9: 11-1-9:ll-8; 9: 18-1-9: 18-37;
:lO:l-1-30:1-18; 30:5-1-30:5-7;
3():5-1~30:5-32; 44:4-87; 44:488; 44!8-2,

State depart.;ats of public
Welfare I boards aad e,ecuthes I tables 34-35

Local departl'leata of pablic
welfare ( boards and executives) tables 36-37

Stat. !19351, ch. 138 _______ Stat. 119351, ch. 138,
Stat. 119371, ch. 127.
Stat. 119371, ch. 127,

Laws 1111371, ch. 202 _______ _

ReT. Stat. (1937>, eecs. 30:
1-1-30:1-18; 30:4-1-30:422; 44:7-&.
Lan 119381, chs. 89; 123,

Rn.

Stat. 119371, secs.
30:6-3; 44:1-1; 44:1-10-44: 1-23; 44: 1-38--44: 1-58;
44:4-20-44:4-44; 44:4-120;
44:7-7-44:7-11,
Lan 119381, chs. 123; 194,

Stat. All•. fl929J, aecs. 2~101- Stat. Alla. (19291, secs. 33-530122-106: 22-«ll-22-402: 22-50433-~.
22-506; 62-301-62-304; 130-701- Stat, A- ■ • 11938 Sapp. I, secs,
134-2503-134-2504.
130-706; 130-802.
Stat. Aaa. (1938 Sopp. I, aecs.
!34-2503-134-2504.

Stat, An. 119291, secs. 126- Stat. Alla, 11938 Sat>D, I, sec.
107; 126-109.
134-25041 h I ,
Stat, Au. 11938 Sapp. I, secs.
32-14111; 134-2501-134-2510,

Cab 111 'a Coos. Lawa 11930 I, cbs.
37; 49¥,
Cah!ll 's Coas. Laws 11931-35
Sapp, I, chs, 37; 49¥; 56.
Laws 119361, chs. 102; 318; 750.
Lawll 119371, ch. 492.

Coast., Act V, sec. 4------- Cahill'• Coas. Laws 119301,
Cahill'• Cou. Laws 119301,
ch. 49Jf.
cbs. 49Jf; 56; 67,
Cahill'• Coos. Laws 11931Cahill'• Cons. Laws 11931-35 35 Supp. I, chs. 11; 49Jf,

Cahill'• Cou. Laws 119301, cbs.
49¥; 56; 67.
Cahill 's Cou. Laws 11931-35
Sapp. I, chs. 49¥: 56,
!Aws 119361, cbs. 426; 873.
Laws 119371, ch. 411,

Sapp.), ch.
Laws 119361,
875.
Lawll f 19371,
603.
Laws 119381,
482,

56.
chs. 693; 873;

chs.

15; 544;

cha, 48; 481-

!.&vs 119361, chs, 463; 571;
693; 822; 828: 873.
Laws 119371, cha. 1-6; 358;
411; 514: 645.
Laws 119381, cbs. 2e; 330;
443; 467; 481-482.

Coast., Act TII, aec. 2 ________ _ Code Alla. 119351, secs, Sl27- Code Alla. 1111351, secs. 5004- Code Ana.
119351, secs,
5013,
Code Alla. II 935 J, secs. 1297! 43 J;
5135; 51681a 1-516817 I.
5014-5018,
5008; 5017; 5039;" 50!11.
Pob. Laws 119371, ch. 227,
Pob. Laws 119371, cba, 1311; Pub. Local Laws 119371, chs.
538; 598,
l'ob. Laws 119371, ch. 135.
288: 319; 436.
Pub. Laws 1111371, chs. 243;
288; 319,

Lan Au. 119131, seca. 7; Cout., sec. 216 _______________ _ Laws 119351, ch. 221 ________ Laws 119351, ch. 123,
243,
Coap. Laws Ao ■ • 119131, secs. Laws 110371, chs. 209--211; Laws 119371, chs. 20~211.
1775--1796; 2423-2425; 3181,
~ - Laws An. (1913-1925 Supp.I,
214.
secs. 2mb5-2831>7; 5091lbl- Coll!). L&waAu. I 1913-1925Sapp.l,
510&L2; 5~5110.
secs. 1779; 1782.
!Aw:, 119331, ch. 200.
Laws 119291, ch. 113,
Laws 1193ll, ch. 265,
iA"9 119351, cbs. 123; 221,
l.aWII 119371, ch, Z()g,

Coap.

Throcuorto•'• Code Alla. 119361, Tbroctmortom's Code Ana. U93e),
secs. 1905--1909; 2931-2942;
secs. 1352-1352-15: 1642-1.
lW&aHl'"J I ~::S•P~; I,
1113g:" 2942-2-2949-4; 2950-2952.
1; 1639-3-1639-37.

secs:

Throck ■ orton.'

s Cod~ Ana. ThrocDlorton's Code Ann.
119361, secs. 154-1-154-27;
119361, secs. l359-12154-57-154-58; 134g.:..1359l351H5b; 1359-31-135945; 1871-1-1871-2; 2250,
45; 2967-2968-1,
I JUU&l'"J 1938 Supp. I, secs.
1890-1-1890-32; 1359-121359-16.

Coast., sec. 13545 ____________ _ Stat. (19311, ch. 64, Arts. 1-8 • Stat, Alla. 11938 Supp. I, ch.
Stat, 11938 Supp.I, ch. 64, Art.
24, Art. 151
4.

Stat. 1193ll, chs. 14, Art. 4;
20, Art. 7; 26, Art. 10; 35, Art.
9.
Stat. AH, 11938 Sapp. I, ch. 14,

An. 4.

Stat. (193U, ch. 35, secs.
7542-7543,
Stat. AIID. 11938 Sapp. I,
chs. 24,aec.a. 4715b, i, J,
13,zaJ; 34, seca. 7348&73411>.

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248 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Tabt• JB.-Citations to Statutory Provlaloas
ProTisions rruthr relief ud f•blic
State
General relief tables 1-5

Old aee assistaace tables

6-11

Bliad assistaace
tables 12-17

Ore10• __________ Code An,. 119301, title XXVII,
secs. 27-1401-27-1409; 27-1501.
Code Ann. f 1935 Supp. I, title
XXVII, ch. XIV.
La.v5 0935 1st e:r. I, ch. 55.
Laws 119371, ch. 287.

Code

Pea,s7lnnia ____ Pllrdon's Stat. 110361, title 51,

Laws 119371, chs. 308--399_ Laws

A••· 11935 Supp. I,
title XXVII, ch. XXXVII.
Laws 110371,chs. 287; 309.

sec. L

Laws 11035 !st eJJ,
ch. 60.
Lan 11937 I, chs.
258; 287; 334.

110371,

ch.

Aid to depeacieat cillldru
i■

thet r

Cini

hoaes

tab! es 1&-21

Lawn 119371, ch. 2118 ___ _

Laws 119371.cbs. 397; 390_

39Q.

Lai,s 119371, chs. 396-397; 399.

Rhode Isla.ad ____ Coast., A.rt. II, sec. 4 ________ _
Gen. Laws 110231; chs. 104-100;
292.
1'>1b, Laws 119261, ch. 842.
Pub. Laws 119301, ch. l~0.
Pllb. Laws 119311. ch. 1885.
Pllb. Laws 119331. chs. 2011; 2015.
Pub. Laws 119341, ch. 2114.
Pub. Laws 119361, ch. 2312.
Pub. Laws 11936 1st ex. I, ch. 24SI.
Pub. Laws 119371, cha. 2494; 2532.

P,,b. Laws 119351, ch.
l'l,b. Laws 11036 1st
ch. 2437.
Pub. L..,s 119371, ch.
Pub. Law■ 110381, cho.
2623.

South Ca.roliaa __ Const., Arts. 2, sec. e: 3, sec.
32; 12, sec. 3.
Code 119321, secs. 3848-3856;
4966-4977.
Acts 119371. No. 319.

Coast., Art. 3, sec. 32 ••• Coast., Art. 3,sec.
Acts 110371, No. 319.
32.
Acts. 119381.Nos.0'1'2,sec. Acts fl0371, No.
23; 1073.
319.

Const., Art. 3, sec. 32 ••
Acts 119371. Nos. 22; 310.

South Dakota ____ Co,ip. Laws Ann. 119291. secs.
191; 7694; 10035-10065.
Laws 119311, ch. l:51.
Laws 119331. chs. 150; 181.
Laws 11933 1st ex. I, ch. 12,
Laws 119351, chs. 80; oa.
Laws 119371, ch. 85.

Laws 119371, ch. 220 ______ Laws 119371,
222.

I.us 119371, cb. 22! ___ _

Tennessee _______ Code (19321, siecs. 845; 47~24830; 10242131-1024214 I.
Laws 11935 I, ch. I.
Laws 119371, ch. 47.

Code 11937 Cua. Supp.!,
secs. 4988111-49881201.
Laws 11037 al ex. I, ch. 0.

Code 11937 Cua.
Supp. I, secs.
40881211-4988141).

Tel&5 ____________ Vernon 1 s Stat. '1936), Arts. 1626;
2351; 2954-2955; 44:18; 4440,
Gen. laws 119371, ch. 435, sec.
28.

Veraon 1 s Stat. Cl9361, Arts.
5243-111 )-5243-1120).
Gen. Laws 119371, ch. 435,
secs. l, 41dl. 12, 36.

Gen.

Laws fl937),
cb. 43f'>, secs. l,
4. 11-22, 31-35,
40-48.

Vernon's Stat.
U936J,
sec. 6228.
Gen. Laws 119371, ch. 435.
secs. I, 4, 23-27. 3141.

Utah., ____________ ~v. Stat. Ann. '1933), secs.
15-8-74; 19-5-54-10-5-67; 910-1-91-0-2.
Laws 11937 I. chs. 88; 90.

Laws 119371, chs. 88-90 ___ Laws 119371, cbs.
88; 90.

LaW9 fl9371, chs. 88: 90 __

Venoont _________ Pllb. Laws 11933), secs. 3918;
3020-3925; 3927; 3935-3940;
3951-3981; 3984-3995; 4088;
5423; 5427.
Pub. Acts 119351, Nos. 68; 76;
77; 80; 81.
Pub. Acts 119371, Nos. 9; 51-62;

Pub.
Pub.
No.
Pub.
38,

2191 _ l'l,b. Lawa 119361,
es.I,
cb. 2428.

Pub. Laws !1036 1st ex.I,
ch. 2437.

2514.
2620;

ch.

Acts 119351, No. 82 -- Pub. Acts 11935 1st
Acta II 935 !st ex. I,
ex. I, No. 12.

fl937 Cu ■. Supp. I,
secs. _844!l 1-844fl5J;
4746111-47461151.

Code

Pub. Laws 119331. secs.
5418; 5444; 5446-5447;

5454.

8.

Acts 119371. Nos. 17;
pt. IV, sec. l; 65.

Pub. Acts 119351, No. 131.
Pub. Acts (19351st ex.I,
No. ll.

Virgin.la ________ Const., secs. 18; 00; 23 _______ _ Code Anu. 11938 Supp. I,
secs. 190411); 19041101Code Ann. fl936J, secs. 82; 82c;
27731241-27731361; 2795-2813k.
19041221; 19041571-1904
160); 1904165); 1904167).
Code Ann. C1938 Supp. J, secs.
1904111; 100414); 1904171; 1904
1531-1904{56); 1904159)-1904
160),

Code Au.
11938 Code A- ■ • f 1938 5upp. I,
Supp. I, secs. 1904 secs. 1904111; 1904141;

120.

fl);
1904 135)19041521; 1904
1571-1904160);
1904162)-1904
1641; 1904167).

Digt1zed by

190417); 19041251-1904
f34); 1!104157)-19041511;
10041671,

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BASIC TABLES• 249
Contained In Tables 1-37-Continued
a.ssistuce

Areocies &diliDistering relief ud public assistance

Dependeat and aei'lected children
(institutions a.ad a,enciesl
tables 22-27

Veteran relief tables 28-33

Code Ann. 119301, title WIii,
chs. VI-VII; II.
Laws 11935 1st••·'• ch. 55.
Laws I 19371, chs. 170; 236; 'Ml.

Aaa. 119301, title LIVI, chs.
II-III.
Cod• Ann . fl 935 Supp. l , secs.
27-1414-27-1419; 66-509; 671808; 68-2610; 6~107.

Pardon's Stat. Cl936J, titles 11,
chs. ~7, 10; l&,
611613, 3&21; 50, secs. 1032110322; 71, secs. 59:3-595. 597,
eoo, 14n.

Purdon's Stat. '19361, titles 15,
secs. 421-428: 35. secs. 257258; 51, chs. &-9; 53, sec.
15037; 62, sec. 1829; 71, secs.
389. 391.

Code

State departm;ats of public
wel!a.re (boards a.nd executives I tables 34-35
Code Au.

11935 Supp. I, ch.

XXVI.
Laws (1935 1st ex. J, chs. 55;
60.
Laws 119371, chs. 2e4-265;
287-288; 309; 334.

••cs.

1226.
1417.
1574.
2250.
I, ch. 2437.
2566,

1145; 1188: 1227.
Pub. Law• I 19301, chs. 1555: 1560.
Pub. Laws 119311, chs. 1730: 1867.
Pub. Laws 119331, ch. 2025.
Pub, Lava 119351, cb. 2250.

Code Ann. 11935 Supp. I, ch.

:UV!.
La.vs f 1935 lst ex. J, ch5.
55: 60.
Laws 119371, chs. 288; 309;
334.

Coast., Art. Vt _____________ Laws fl937J, Nos. 39e; 399.
Laws I 1937 l, No. 395.

Geo. Laws 119231, chs. 114; 404 _ Gen. Laws I 19231, chs. 116-117 _ Gen. Laws 11923 l, cbs. 108;
413.
Pab. Laws 119261, chs. 834-836; Pub. Laws 119271, chs. 960; 1025;
842; 847; 860.
Pab. Laws 119281, ch.
Pub. Laws 119291, ch.
Pub. Laws 119301, ch.
Pub. Laws 11935!, ch.
Pub. Laws I 193e 1st••·
Pub. Laws 119381, cb.

Local depa.rtllents of public
welCa.re lboards and executives! tables 36-37

Pub. Laws 119261, chs. 834836; 842; 847; 862.
Pub. Laws 119281, ch. !l51.
Pub. Laws 119291, chs. 14121413; 1417.
Pub. Laws 119321, ch. 1910.
Pub. Laws 11933!, ch. 2025.
Pub. Laws 119351, ch. 22:,:J.
Pub. Laws (1936 bt ex. I, ch.
2437.
Pub. Laws 119371, ch. 2546,

Gen. Laws
105-106;
Pub. Laws
Pub. Laws
Pub. Laws
Pub. Laws
2015.
Pub. Laws
Pub. Laws

119231,
292.
;19261,
119301,
11931!.
119331,

chs.
ch.
ch.
ch.
chs.

50;

842.
1580.
1855.
2011;

I 19351, ch. 2250.
119361, ch. 2312.

Code 119321, secs. 243; 247; 255;
4989-4996; 5676-5682.
Acts 119371, No. 319.

Coast., Ar1. 13, sec. 5 _________ Acts 119371, No. 319-------- Acts 119371. Nos. 240; 278;
Co1e I 19321, secs. 2244-2245:
319.
4978-4988: 5711; 8639-8658.
Cod• 11936 Supp. I, sec. 2244.

Co,q,. Lats Ann. 119291, secs.
5374; 9968-9971; 9976; 9981.
Laws 119371, cb. 219..

Coll!). Laws Ana. 119291. sec.
9948-99ee.
Laws fl 9311, ch•. 226-227.
Laws 119371, ch. 225,

Cod• 119321, secs. 4585; 4587;
4599; 4847; 4712-4746; 4822;
10279; 10288.

Code 119321. secs. 4934-4900 ___ Cod• 11937 Cu•. Supp.l,secs.
Code 11937 Cum. Supp.I, secs.
844111-8441!51.
2540131-254016); 4937: 4941;
4952; 497511 I; 497611 I.

Vernoa's Stat. '19361, Arts. 603;
695"; 2329-2337; 3174; 32083212: 3255--3251la; 5132-5138a;
5139-5142&.
Gen. Laws { l9371, chs. 435, sec.
7a; 4gi.

Veno11 1 s Stat.

ReY. Stat. Ana. Cl933). secs.
14-7-1-14-7-6I; 14-8-1-14-8-8;
15-8-75; 19-5-55; 35-6-1-35-615; 90-0-1-90-0-2.
Laws 119371, ch•. 16; ae.

Rev. Stat. Aaa.
98-2-1-98-2-5.

Pub. Laws 119331,,ecs. 471: 3442;
5415--5434; 544:3-5444; 5446;
5448-5467: 5486; 5498.
Pub. Acts 119371, Nos. 135--137.

Pub. Laws 119331, seca. 39313934; 5549-5551.
Pub. Acts 119351, No. 79.
Pub. Acts 119371, No. 63.

Pub. Laws 119331. secs. 4~4464; 467; 471: 5415-5437;
5527-5531;
5562-5574;
8865--8872; 0075; 8915.
Pob. Acts.fl935 1st ex. I, b.
11-12.

Code Ann. f 19361, secs. 1902!;
1902k; 1902L; 1905-19220;
1930a-1930c; 1935a-l935kl;
1945-1953"',
Code Aaa. I 1938 Supp. I, secs.
1902k; 1922b; 1953a.

Code Ann. 11936), secs. lOc; 606la; 2642-2672b; 5214.
Code Ana. fl938 Supp.I, secs.
1904114); 1904142).

Code

0

3174;

rl0361, Arts, 603;
317&; 321:3-3220; 6204;

6208-6227.
Gen. Laws I 19371, ch. 485.

09331.

secs.

Laws (19371, chs. 219-222-- Laws 119371. ch. 220.

Veroo11 1 s Stat.

(1936J, Ans.

601-606; 6!l0--695n; 842d
fl21-842rlf38); 3174-3183&;
5119; 5126.
Gen. LBWs 119371, ch. 435,
secs. 1-10.
Laws Cl935J,ch.69, secs. 1,

4-6.

Gen. Lws Cl937), ch. 435,
sec. 29.

Laws 119371, ch. 88, secs. I,
7, ll-12, 15-16,

Laws cl9371,ch.88, secs, 13, 8. 1:i-15, 11.

Ana, C1936 I, secs. 585 Code Ann. 119361, secs. 1 goi
!661: 5851671; 5851871-'85
ILl-190210!.
1881; 1902a-l902j; 1903; Code Ann. 11938 Supp.l,secs.
1930a; 1935",
190416)-190419).
Olde Ann. r 1938 Supp. I, secs.
1ll0412)-1904151.

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250 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Tabl•

JB.-Cltatlons to Statutory Provlsi011s
ProYlslo ■■

State

Old are asslstuce tables
6-11

Genera.I relief tables 1-f

1ruti11 relier

a.■ d

pablic

Bllod asslata■ce
tables 12-17

Aid to depelldeat cUldrea
11
ti::1

(19371, cha.
111; 132; 100,

Laws U9371,clla. !14;leo_

1;. ":!~

Waahhrtoa ______ Rea. ReY. Stat. Au. 119321. sec.
998e,
Laws 119371, cha. lll; 100.

Laws (19351, ch. 1e2 ______
Laws (19371, cha. lll; 156;

West Vlrrinla ___ Code 119311. ch. 9, Arts. 1'1-VII
as eoacted bJ Acts ( 1936 !st
ex.I, cb. land Acts (19371, ch.
73.

Qide Cl9311, ch. 9, Art. V Code ( 19311, ch. 9, Code 11931 I, ell. 9, An.
as e11&cted bJ Acts c1936
Art. V as eucted
V u eaacted bJ Acta I 1936
lst ex. J, ch. 1.
bJ Acta (1936 1st
lat ez.l, ch. L
ex. J, ch. 1 aad
Acts n937l,ch. 75.

Wlacoasl ■

_______ Stat. (19371, secs. 49,01-49.21;
59.03; 511.00U71; 61.IV-61.20;
61.34; 112, II.
Laws (1937 lat ex.), ch. 14.

Wroalq _________ Laws 119371, ch.

A!&ak& __________ Coap.

ee _____________

Laws (19331, secs. 1771-

1a14,

Law■

1eo.

Stat. (19371. secs. 49.2049.38; 49.50-49.51.
Laws 11937 late,.,; ch. 7,
Laws Cl9371, ch.

ee _______

11937 1st ex. I, cha.
2-3; e-v.

Law■

Stat. c 19371, sec■.
47.08-47.09;
49.50-49.51.
L&wa n9371,ch.

Stat (19371,
49.51.

ea._ Laws (19371. ch.

Lawe (1937 bt esJ,
ch. 3.

eo.p. Laws

e,

Hawaii _________ Laws (19371, ell_. 259A, secs. !,
12, 44-52.

ee ____ _

(19331, secs.

1821-1822.
3;

Code f 1929), title 8, •ecs.
10, 23. 231, 235.

48.33;

Laws (1937 bt ez. I, clal.

Laws (1937 1st ••·I, chs. 3; 5,

District of Cot ..bi&,

sec■•

Code !1937 Sopp.I,
30, secs, 21-35.

title

Laws t 1937J, ch. 250A, secs.
I, 12-25, 28, 33-37. 49,
51-56.

e.

Code (1937 Slipp.I,
title 30, eec ■ ,
1-1e.

Code U9291,title8,aeca.

Laws

Lan (19371, ch. ~ .
secs. l, 12, 14-24, 2731, 35, 37, 51-54.

Cl9371, ch.
2S9A, sec■ • 1,
12-24, 26, 28,
32-37. 51, 52,
54-56.

lJ 9I1-zed by

91-100.

Goos le

BASIC TABLES• 251
Contained in Tables 1-37-Contlnued
Arencies ad.lllinisterinr relief u.d public &sshtuce

assistuce
Depeadeat and nealected children.
liastitutioas a.nd a.renciesJ
tables 22-27

Re11. Re•. St&t. Ana. 119321, ,ecs.
1987-1; 1987-3; 1987-8-1987-10;
11238.
Rea. Re•. Stat. Aan. fl935 Supp. I,
,ecs. 1700-1; 10002-2.
Rea. Rev. Stat. Ann. 11936 Snpp. I,
1700-1-1700-6.
Law• 119371, chs. 114; 180; 230.

•ec•.

Ye teran relief tables 2.8-33

State departlllents of public
welfare l b0&rds and executives) tables 34-35

Local departineau of public
welfare I boa.rds and execu.tins I tables 35-37

Const., Art. I, sec. 3 _________ _ Rem. Re•. Stat. Ana. 11935 Laws 119371, ch. 180, secs.
Re•. llev. Stat, Ann, 119321, secs.
Supp.I, secs. l7©-1-1700-4;
8, 11.
9992-45; 10786-5; 10786-7;
107'27-10758.
10802-2; 10802-5.
Re■ . Rev. Sta<. Ann. 11936 Supp. I,
secs. 10730; 10737-1,
Laws 119371, chs. 111; 114;
La.,. (19371, ch. 203, secs. 1-3,
132; 1 ~6; 180; 224; 231.

Code I 19311, ch. 49, Arts. 1-111, 0,de 119311, ch. 9, Art. VIII as
V-VI as enacted b7 Acts ( 1936 enacted by Acts (1936 1st ex.J,
ch. 1.
l.st ex. J, ch. 1.
Code 119311. ch. 26, Arts. I-II.
Acts 119371, ch. 73.
Stat, 119371, secs, 46,01-46.04;
46.16; 46,18; 48,01-48,22;
48.28-48,32; 48.35-48.50;
59.0819"1.

Stat. 119371, secs. 45.07-45.277;

Re•. Stat. Ann. 119311, chs. 20,
Arts. 1-2, 4-5; 103, secs. 102,

Re•. Stat. Ann. 119311, chs. 100,
Art. 3; 108, Art. 13,

49.0l; 60.17; 142.09-142.10.

Acts '1936 lat ex. I, ch. l __ Acts fl936 1st ex. I, cb.l.

3tat. !19371, secs. 47.09;
48.33; 49.38; 49.50.

Laws 119371, ch.

ae _________

Stat. 119371. ,ecs. 49.37;
49.51.

Laws 119371. ch.

ee.

105; 108, sec. 703,
Re•. Stat. Aaa. 11934 Supp. I, ch.
108. sec. 703.
Laws fl9371, chs. 25; 88.

Cooop. Laws 119331, ,ecs. 19111921.
t..,,s 11937 1st ex. I, chs. 6; 12.

Laws 0937 1st ex. J, chs. 3;
5-6,

Code I 19291 titles 8, secs. E!,
1~11, 14-24, 70,111, ll!B-129,
185, 218; 18, ,ecs. 251-288.

Code fl9291. titles 6, sec.
409; 8, SlltCS, 1-25, 42, 91,
258, 276.
Code 11937 Supp.I, titles 8,
sec. 3: 20, secs. 1, 23.

Rn. Laws (19351, secs. 4538;
461~4813; 4615; 4621.
Laws !19371, chs. 133; 25!1A, aeca,

Laws 11~71, ch. 259A, secs.
1-9, 24, 38-44, 48-56,

Laws fl~71, ch. 2511.\, seca.
l, 10-14, 24, 44,

l, 7-9, 30, ~-

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Digt1zed by

Google

Appendix B
SUPPLEMENTARY TABLES

INTRODUCTORY NOTE
The following supplementary tables make current as of January 1, 1939, the information contained in the original tables in appendix A. In general, the legislation tabulated in the original tables is presented as of July 1, 1938. However,
because copies of new laws were not obtained at an early enough date, legislation
in New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Ohio which was in effect on July 1, 1938, was
not included. The legislation in these States along with legislation enacted
after July 1, 1938, in California, Illinois, Louisiana, and Massachusetts is included in the supplementary tables. The effective dates are indicated in footnotes.
The supplementary tables are duplicates of the original tables with respect to
form and teminology. They have been numbered to conform with the numbering of
the original tables, but only those tables which have been changed by new legislation are included. Changes have been indicated by citations to the laws effecting
them.
The following table indicates the States and tables for which the original set
of tables must be supplemented by the second set in order to show the provisions
as of January 1, 1939.

State

General
relief

Old age
assistance

Blind
assistance

Aid to depend- State er local
ent children in
boards of
their own homes public welfare

Suppleaentarv table nuabers
California __ _
1, 5 ----1llinois ____ _
Lousiana _____ 1 ________ 6, 7, 9, 10,
ll.
folassachusetts_ 5 _______ _
New Jersey ____________ _ 6, 7, 8, 10,
Ohio ________ _
Rhode Island _

12, 13, 14,
15, 16, 17.

37.
18, 21 _______ 34, 36, 37.

11.
1, 2, 5 __

35.
12, 13, 14,
15, 16.

253

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GENERAL RELIEF

Supplementary Taote J.-Provisions for the

N

~

•

of General Relief

Ad■ inistration

CJ)
.Ad ■ i ■ istrative

respoa.sibilitJ

Deteraiutioa of elie-ibilitr

Naturet-----------------..---------+----------------------------,.--------of

State

Direct

l&v

Ori1h11.l deteraiaatioa

Sapervlsory

Appeal bJ appllcut

AdTlsory

Fin•l

Calilonii& (Statel-,
Loa\sia■ &-------

Ohio <State)"

0----1

St&te Dep&rtaeot or Social Welfare'------H---- State Departaeat of Pablic Welfare throarb
parish depart11eat of public welfare. 8

---1 0 ----1

Board of coaatJ coaabsioaHS. TCWM,bip
tnstees. CitJ director of pablic S&tety.

r

1

direc-1

C">

:I:

State relief
Board of cout7 ctal'!issiown.. Tane1tip
tor. State aadit_Ol'. 5
trastees. Cit, director of pablic sa.letJ.

1
Stat. 11938 1st u. I, S. Coast. Aaead. No. 2. lltfect be Na,,. !I. 1938. I
'The State Departae.i of Social Welf&Te •1 appoht city aad couty citi&eas• relief
c01111ittees to uslat ia the adaiaiatratioo of relief.
•acts (19381, No. 344. IBffectl•e J■ lJ' 27, 103!. I
"This procru Is not cOMldered tobe of a peraae■ t aatare aad nppl.elleata tlle reaeral
relief profru u show• oa tables 1-5 iacl•IYO lpp. 48-761.
'Tbe State relief director IIUllt e1.aaiae t~ cODdact aid aetllods ol. local relief ad■ia­
i.stratloa. Be •1 order the local oUlCiala to appear Ud abow ea•e w•r cba11ea sltoald

m

-0
C

Parish depart .. at of pablic wlfare _______ -----------------------

M ladicatea uDdatory pr'Ol'lsl011.
0 ildlcatea optl011&l proolsloa.

)>

-f

.CD

State Departaeat of Social Welfare'-------, (1 ) ___________________

I

-f

m

r

■ ot be pat lato effect. After a bearh1 tlr1e director - , order tllea to Mire cllaa1e• for
the iaprot'eaelt of local relief ad■iaistratioa or to coaplJ vitb tbe relief stautn. TIie
local officials •1 •~al fraa the fiadiacs of tbe director to the board of appeals,
wboae decision are fiaal. Ia additioa. to tlle abot'e prorisioas, tile State alldhor ls eapowered to ll&l:le oataide ineaticatio• of relief clieata. helirible peraoa 1111St be
ret1med fn>11 tile relief rolls as •oo■ u tbe State aadltor's exuher i ■ toras tile -local
relief anborltJ' of sach laell1lblllt7. Law 11937 3d e1. I, S. B. 465. IBUecti,e JalJ
11, 19:l!I. I

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Sunteaentary Table 2.- Requir-nts for EIIQibilit,y for General Relief

(0

;;j
(0

Cl.

Rn idellce pr"" is ioa

.'J"

State

L)
0
0

-n

Ire qa is it ioa of residence

Descriptloa of cl&as

PTorisiou for retlO'f'al
of aeed:, aoaresldeau

Loss

Local

State

Ohio 1State1 1

___

Penoaa req11irla1 support alld relief --------------- Reaideat of State for 3
,earw. 1

00

-..
relief Pl"Oll"U u

..
■ he.a

OD tabla, 1-5 lacl•h·• Cpp. 48-76).

--

Resided in the
da71.•

.---- - .

coa ■ tr

for 90

- - --

Acqlioitlon of leral oettleaeat ina■ otber State
or CODDtJ; res ideace
oatelde of State fOT a
period Of IIOrt t,u 4
1un.•

·---

- 11 11,

lHIJ

Skf1Pl11•11n1ary Tabl1 5,-Provisiona for Types of Aid Granted and for Financing General Relief
T1JJM of relief
l•titat!oul
State

care
Hosp!lpoor- Direct Coo- llecl!c&l
t&lisa- B•ri&l
hoaae, relier tract
care
tloa
care
poor

Specific prodsioas tor
tJpe• of relief to
nonresident person

lllscelweo•

--------

I----

------

I----- X -----

------

Buis for d!strlbatlot1 of
State tullds

-State

farw,
etc.I

C&illon!& IStatel _

Iac!doace or
r lnaaci&l
n,spoasibllitJ

llort relief. No persoa Is ••titled to relief wbo aaJaati-

-

------ ---- ------ -- -- --------

fi&blJ refases eaplo:,,oeot.

Local

I------- ( 'J ---- State Departaent of Social Welfare
directs expeaditareotfa ■ds. hads
•J be paid dlrectlJ to iadlYiduals
or tbroaeh such coreruental aeea-

cies u tlle StateDepartD, ■ t of Social Welfare ll&J select. 1

llusochusetts ___ I------ I---Ohio !State 1• ___
I----

--------

------ I----- I ----- 1•____
------ ------- ------- ------

lfort 111.J be reqaired ---------Relief •1 take tlle fora or
either wort or direct relief
or bot b, aad •Y be pro.,. ided
throarb the tan!sbla, ol c aodities and se"icea. 1

I illdlcates tbat the proolslot1 applies without Ua!t&tloa i• a rhea State.

c;
·O

~

8.
CJ'

'<

0

0
0
00

~

'state Depart.,at of Social. lfelfare 11&J n,qaire ccaaalt !es which .,..e receiYed aaeaplQJ•at relit>f loaa to ccmtribu.te aa eqaal or stipalated aaoaat. Stat. ll938 1st ex. J, S.
Coaat. Aaelld. No. 2, tBUectiYe Noo. 8, 1938, I
lstat. 11938 lat ex. I, s. Cont. Aaeod. No. 2. tBUectiYe Noo. 8. 1938.1
8 Bulal espeaaes _ , aot exceed 1100 if deceased b a.er 12 rears of are ud aot esceed
120 for each persoa allder tbat are, tun, 119381, cb. 465 leUectlttSept. zt, l~J;
Lura AH. 119321, cb. 117, sec. 17.
"state reilbarses towa for expea.sea of State paapera.
'TIils proeru ls aot couidered tobe of a peraaeat aat ■re aad sappleaeata tile 1eaeral
relief proeru u sban, oa tables l-5 !oclain lpp. 48-761.
1 1'ersotlS c011peteat toperfora labor reqalrlq - l o - a t !except at a place where tllere
la a labor dispute), if offered at prn'ailiac wace■ ud ••der reuOll&ble co11elitio• •

r..porarJ

relief------------

--- ----- ------ ----- --------- -

1•1 ----- I-----I' ------ I" ----- Allo::&ted to each

COUDtJ la tllera.tlo
which the aYer111e of tN real, publie utility, and taoeible peraOllal
propertJ tar duplicate of Oe coaat7
durine- the pre...ioas 5 Jean bears
to the aTeraee of t •e arrreaate
real, public atility, aad taacible
personal propertJ tu dapllcates or
all the counties in tke State duriae the preTioa 5 ,eara respect ivelJ. • If here relier Is faraished
b7 thesu.bdivisiom, the county c011■ issioaers apportioa tbe falld■ a11one
the• i ■ direct proportion to tbe naaberof relief cases handled by the ■•

deteralaed bJ tbe local ad■inistrathe ofUcials, ■ut be atrictea ff'OII tbe relief roll.
Law 11937 3d ex.I, s. B. 466, IBUectl•e Jane 9, 1938.1
"Ad■ lalstratbe, clerical, aad otber aiallar expease of local adaialstratioa aast not
e:sceed 12 pef'Ce■ t of tbe relief expenditures and nst be coapoted 110nth1J, 1&va 11937
3d ex. I, S. B. 465. IBffectiYe July ll, 1938. I
9Bacb sabdhlsi011. aut iutch State allocations. This does aot apply to the Sl,500,000
appropriated frca tbe 1~9 sales tu reYeaue to pn:,ride relief h 19~. !Aws ll937 3d
ex, I, S. B. 465. IEUectiYe Ja!J ll, 11138. I
'These proo!s!oaa do aot apply to the Sl,500,000 appropriated froa the 1939 sales tu
reTeaae. These foada are allocated aad. distributed to the sa.bdhisions ill l'ICCord&DCe vi.th
tbelr respective relief. lO&ds, bued upon the cOlll)aratiYe aeed as eYidenc:f'd b7the records
011 file iD t•e office of tbe auditor of State for the first 5 _,.., of 1938. La,s 11167
3d ex.I, S. B. 465. llffectbe JalJ ll, 19:!8.I

~

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"O

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(J1

OLD AGE ASSISTANCE

N
U1

a,

•

Supplementary Table 5.-Provislons for the Ad11inistration of Old Age Assistance

CJ)

Ach1 in is t r.1.t I Ye r es po n.s i bili ty

Or i2i aa. l detenr, i natioo

NaSta t e

t are
ol
!av

Rttoas i der& t i o n
quest ot

Supe rv Hor y

Ft oa.l

Ad•lsory

Period ic

Sta te
b oard or
depart-

Ap~al ol
applic a..nt
to Sta te
d ep& rt~ Dt

Rev i~

b, St a te

Cpoa c011tpla in t by

depar tme nt
on own

pe r son
o t ber t ha n

l!IOt io al

&pplic: a .a t

1

meet

Louisi ana __ _ IL. S tat e Ocpa rt :¥.Dt of Public
We lfa r e through parisb

--·------------------·-

Pa r ish de p.a.rt111e nt

of public we lfare.

--------------- -- --------

rn

Ap~ a 1 And re Y i ew

At rf!'Direc t

-I
l>
-I

Det e rmiu.t i on of Pl i i ltd lity

,,
Fart h«!- r
i n es tigat ion
by Sta.le
departll\e'Dt l

x. ..._. ·· ·- ---------- x.

-- -------------- ---------·--

X indicates tha.t the pr ovision appUes without li rlitat ioa ia a Kive o State .
H indicates mandatory provision .

N

"'

Q.

~

C')
0

0

ca

n

rn
r

Tl
l>

rn
X ·-··-·· Oh-isi oa at
Old Ai< Assist&oce.

OiY lsioa of
Old Ai• Ass is ta.nee.

0 hd!cates optlooal prcwlal09.
1It aatboritr to hear appeals , to rft'iev deciaioa, aad to IIUe fartber iffesticatioa
la placed b7 law viH a specific a,eoc7 vltbh t•e depart-t, the opeclflc a,eac7 la
IWleCI either h the bod7 of tbe table or la a foataote .

Aor persoa3 OiY i sioa o r
Old Age As·
ia taDCe ,

S

r

rn
G)

CJ)

r

aDC!,

~-

(")

;o

CouotJ welt are bo &rd

Ol Old Ai• Assist-

0

CD

~

X -·- · ··· X • •••••• •••

department of public ve t -

t&re . 2
New Jersey - -- M •• County wt- Hare boaN - - -- - - Su.t e Depart~nt of
Institutions and
Ae;enc ies, Di Tis ion

C:

.,

•.1c1s 11938 1, No. 359.

3 1.aw-o llg3BI, c h.
361.

IBl!ectiTe Jul7 'ZI. 1938.1
IU!ecti •• Jul7 1, 1938.1

l>

-I

0

z

Suppte•entary Table !.-Personal Qualifications for Old Age Assistance

,._

o

9

State

I

f

;

Reaaoaa for dlsqaallf!catioo

Residence

i

Are
la
Je&rs

Desert loa for
specified period
within 10 ,ears
prior to
applicati011

u. s.
cit iaeaship

State

Local

1----.~----1
BJ
husb&Dd

Loaisl&IIA----------- 55 ___ ----------New JerseJ---------- 65 ___ I----------

1

BJ
wife

3
( ) ----------------

1

Suppluentary Table
Limitation

New JerseJ ---- --

Li■ it!I

01

cr

C")
0

~

-;::;-

Mlsce llaneoas

oa real

propertJ

------------1 Applicant

has adequate sapport and Is able to support biMelf.

all peraou wbose appllcatiou are pe1dia1 111d penoas therea!ter appl1io1 - t un
resided and beea doaiciled i ■ tbia State coati1aoasl7 for at least 5 rears laediatel.J'
precediq applicatioa. Law ll9381, ch. 361. l!ffectbe JalJ l, l!BB. I
4
A perao• appl7ln1 for asabtaace is demed a resident of that county ia vbich he uintalu bia CUStOMrJ place of &b-. ' - 11g391, ch. 361. IBflectiTe JalJ l, 1g:1B. I

Li ■ ltatioas

property

U ■ i ts 01

persoaal
propertJ

X indicates that the prD1'isioa applies without liaitatioa ia a &iYen State.
1Not aa exemption liait bat aerely a 1utde to adllhistratioa. Applicut nst be poor,
dese"io,i, and unable to support hi11Self.
2Such disposition 111ust not ha.Te been Mde for the purpose of n&diq tlte aecessit7 of

pledahc of such propert7 u a euarantJ tor rei ■bu~e ■eut of tlle aao1.1t of &Ulstaace
paid. Laws (lg3111, cb. 361. IEffectln JalJ l, 1938.1

(/)

C
-0
-0

r

on iac011e

Maziau lACoae allowed

-----1 S3 ,000 1 ------- --- , ______ --------- ,_ -- -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - , ------------------ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

CQ

'<

pe.-iod

8.-Need Qualifications for Old Aoe Assistance

g

~

aee

period

specified
specified
prior to
prior to
aoolicatioo &DDlicatioa

Resident~ --------- --------- ----------- ------------

eh'e ■ State.
Applicaat must ha,e- been resident for 5 years withh last 9 7ean l year imllediatelJ
prKediq: applic&t ioa.
2Applicant tor assistance 11ust be actually residlq in the parish in vblc• t•e application ia ll&de. Acts llQ381, No. 35g, sec. 2ldl. 18ffecthe JalJ Z,, lg38. I
3 Applicant must ha:re been a nsident 5 Jears wit Ilia the 1',st 9 ,ears, l year i.aaediately
precedine applicatioa. It Fede-rat aid sboald aot be ••ail&ble or it should be witlldran.,

General
liaitations

pee

Applicant
was tra11p
or benar
within

2

1

State

support
children
under
s
!fled

Applicaat
conlcted
of felony
wit hi a

1 J --------------- ( ) ----- --------- --------- ----------- ----------- ------------

X indicates that the prOYialoa applies without liaitati011 in a

a

Applicant
failed to

lncoae- ratelApplicant net not
applied to k&Te disposed of
ao■ reYe■ ue
propertJ to
prodacla1
qa&lifJ
propertJ
11

X

Applicant has ao persoa
l lab le and ab le to
support

bi ■

m

~

m

z

-I
)>

::0

---------------1 Pareata,

spouse, cbildrea,
rraadchlldrea, or otber
person.•

8Dlrec.tor of welfare •at proceed aeaiast persona ch&rreable to s11pport applicaat and
compel the■ to render sacb assistance u is prorided bJ law la such cases, alld be M7
co■ tract, iD writhe, with persons not cbarceable for tbe sapport of the applicut. Laws
ll~I, cb. 361. (Bflectbe JulJ l, 1938.1

-<

-I
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CD

r

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(/)

•

N

C.11
--..J

Supplementary Table 9.-Types of Aid Received or Needed Which Disqualify Applicants

N

8l

for Old Age Assistance

•

Iastit1tioaal aid
Ot lier pabllc
assi.ataace

State

Public
or prhate
hstitatloa

1

Acts tl93al, No. 359, sec. 21el.

li ■ itatloa i ■

-l

I

)>

~

care

I

Loala iaua -- ------------------------------, -------------X indicates that the prorisi011 applies wit•oat

Public
iastintioa

Cf)

lo need ol
coatiuuinii
iaatitutional

-0

C

I----------

Cl)

r

a rhea State.

("")

IBUectiYe JalJ Z7, 1938.l

~

m

r

"Tl

Suppleiner,t•Jry Taole 10.-Provisions for Recovery of Cost of 01~ Age Assistance froa Recipients and Their Estates

)>

::0

m
RKO"V e rJ 1a case ~

Req 11i r en.en t

State

I Li ens

! or ei; ecu t ion Requi r ~ nt
of agre~a t f or .iss i gn J b y re cip i ent

~ru or

to r e i •bu r se transfe r of
i ov ernaeat &l
pr ope rty
un it

g

co

Lou isi&na--- - - 1 - - -- -·

N

"'

c_

~

0

New

J•rs•J -- --1 X- -- -1 M' -- ---- ---- 1 ~--- -------

0
0

-n

00

whe re r ~ 1pi.eat
becomes posses sed

or

prope rt y or

kttov.- rv in

Riecovery

Clt5es o !

lron

es ut e

iDCome i n excess
upon
of nttd o r &!IIOU1H dea t h or
!'!lat ed i n a pp li- r eci pient.

conC t-i'll~ nt ·

~rtJ'.

ln t ~ r ~s t
cha r ged

on -' t.Jms

ot i nc~ or l 1Zr-&nt ~d &Dd

m

Pon i o·a o! s ulllS
re-co,,.e r ~ pd id to
Fede r3..l Govern111~ l

Ci)
Cf)

r

)>

re-covered

pro~ rt:-

catioa

-l

0
X ---- ---1 No c .l.a1111 ea t o rc e-,1,ble &jla ia.s t re&l pr opP.rt f while 1 •••
occup i ed b)' SllrY iTiug s pouse , c hild, or child r en .
$100 ~rsoa.il or r P.&l pro~ r t y , r ~a.son&bl~ tuneral ex peC!Y!S , 11.nd cos t s o f ada in i~ trat i on o! t ~"
es t ate &llowed as p re fe rred cla hi. 1

X-------1

No levy J7l.\f t,t> mad e on r a l prope rtJ whi le oc cu pi M 1by s un i vi aa spouse . $150 f une ral c 1pt! ases al l owed ~ pre ft"r r t-d c lail!I .

X i nJ ic a t~s t hat the pr ovi:l ioa a pplies wi tho ut li1"1 tation 1n a a-iven S tat e.
i t i~ N.nd&t or)' upon we lCare o tr icials to re-qulr'e a pp li cant or recipient to exec ate arreewent to reimburse or tor rec ipieat to transfer propet"'t.J' or 1atenst
h propertJ.
0 hdlcates that it la diacretiOD&t'J with welfare ottlci&la wtle\ller a1tt~at to Niab•T1Je ■ hall be execoted 01' whether recipieat 111\a.ll transfer property or iote~•t ia pt'opH indica t P.S th&t

r1 i~rrpr-sent.a t ,on or

Li111ita t ions oa recO"l'erJ !r0111 est ate

r

R.1.~ e- ~

~ ?"r'Ct"at .

j

·· - 1 Propor t i onAt e- stl are .

1 , c t~ tHl381. No. 350 , secs . 18, ro. ll~ tf~ tlTe J u ly 27 , 19~. I
acree-t¥.nt t o rei mb urse 1111st conu.i n t ~ r ~ in a r el ea.s '! ot. dower 01" c urt~r . as ttwi!
cue •1 be, of the apoaae ot the recipleat, aad aa::b rele:ue shall be u Y&lid Ud ef-

2!~

tecual aa ii tile
pen,on.

•poua• bod Jolaed

Laws 119381, cb. Ml.

th• reclpleat la a con••raoc• of propertJ to a third
!!fleet 1.. Jalr l, 1038, I

z

Suppl•••ntary rab/6 11.-Provlsions for Granting and financing Old Age Assistance

State

I

Miai ■a■

&llowaDCe
(per .:>nth

Buri&l

aaless

allowance

otherwise

otherwise

specU iedl

specified I

Loubiua ..... j (') ..•..••••. j

Nev

Gorernaeatal u ■ i t

Mazi ■DII

allowaace
lper aoath
aalerss

l'hal

1

.!d•isor,

li ■ itation

Cou■ tJ

State

ot State toads

ot insaUk leaeJ
ot State !u1d1

local
aait

2 5 per-I State relllbur.sea parishes for 75 pen:eat of e1ceat
penditure for assistance &Dd 50 percent of e1-

75 perceat. 5

1100-----• I Cou1tJ-•-1·----•--l 8'7l! perceat. 6

l indicates tb&t the prcrrisioa applies without

Procedure h cue
Basia for distributioo

Other

11 1•••••• I 11 1••••••• 1l'>lrlsb._.

Jers•J·--· 1 m•--------· 1-·--------1

lac ideace of
Hu1c!al respo■aibill tJ

deterabi ■I &110u ■ t

ol individual I rant

I

lp&risht.

!2ll percent.•

in a aiven State.

Allovaace is a.a UIOUDt wbicb, vbea &ddt'd to iacoae, is safticieat for reasoD&ble subsistence.
2Re&aoaable haeral expenses 11&1' be paid.Uthe estate ls ieutficieat or if tbere are
no responsible relatiYes able to p&J socb expenses. Acts (19381, No. 35Q, sec. 00. l&ffect ive JulJ 2:1. 1~38. I
asta.te MJ usuae total expeue if State dep&naent fiads tll&t i-risb or di.strict is
unable to pa, its share.
4 Assist&nee prmided a,ed peno■ oaly while livi11 iD llis ow1 or see otbtt saitable
futil.J boae vhbia the Statej except apoa special reaolutioa bJ couatJ welfare beard and

pe,aditure for ad■inistratioa. 1

State relllburses couat1 for 8'7Jf percent of uouat
expended, b\lt it no Federal aid ls avail.a.ble, the
State reiiC>ones tbe coutJ for 75 perce ■ t of
aaoaat expended.

upoa written apprOl'al of the dhisioa of old a.re assistance ia the State Departaeat of
Institutions and Aaencies; a.ssista.nce Mf be granted outside of his ow■ or soae suitable
fuilf b0t1e and outside of the State if the State to which the hdiYidoal h&.S .,.,ed will
prOl'ide supenisioa aad reports required bJ the State di.-lsion. Laws 119381, ch. 561.
lB!rectiYe July l, 1938. I
511 applicant bas no count7 residence, State pa:,s total uouat,
1 Additioaal appropriations ■ust be mde if fonds are exha.asted durinr :,ear, or it ■ o
■oaef ia &Tail.able cou1t1 111:a.st issue tcaporal"J loan bonds or cert Uicates at indebtedness
i ■ &110unts aecessarJ to p&J assistance.
Lawa llg,'38i, ch. 361. tBffectiYe JulJ l, 1938.)

,,,,en
,....
C

f'T'I

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f'T'I

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-l

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::0

-<

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;c..

0

CD
,....

N
a.

en

"'

~

0

0
0

-

00
f l)

f'T'I

•

N

(J1

<D

BLIND

N

ASSISTANCE

a,

0

•

Supplementary Taole 12.-Provisions for the Administration of Bl ind Assistance

CJ)

'Deter ■ ination

Orieinal deteniination

Stue

law

Direct

Orri-

SoperYisory
Final

MvisOt"J

d~ie-1
ciallr

►

of blindness! Reconsideration

r.e-n it ica.te
of physician

Nature

or

--i

Deterninat ion of eligibility

Administrative responsibility

Pe-riodic
re-exuination of

appliAn1.
u.t~ phr-,,1- cant's
physi- C i&ll eresie-ht

Appeal and r~ iew

At re-

I
State

q••st

Periodic

Appeal of

of
applicant
board or
to State
depart- departaent 1
... t

I

R••i•v

IFurth<,r
InYestigation

by State
depart~nt
b:, State
1
1
OIi own 110tioa depart.eat

Parish dopart ..at of
public welfare.

1---------------1 I----1------1 l"J -----

I ' -----1 I

----------1 I ----------1 I.

parish department of
public welh:re. 2

Rhod• Island•

:J
~~

"

"-

?

:--)
:i
:i

a

~

-I H - -I State
O.part,..nt
lie Welfare.

of

Fnb-1--------------1

C
CD

r

n
~

rn

r

-n

ci&D

Lou is i&n&-----1 H -- State Departaent of Putr
lie 'Welfare throueh

--i

.,'""

►
;u

'""

r

rn

State O.part.. nt of
lie Welfare.

Fnb- 1---------------1 I ----1------1--------1------1 I ------1 I ----------1 I ----------1 I.

X indicates that the provision applies without U■ itatioa iD a rbea State.
H indicates M.nda.tory prmision.
0 indicates optional prmisioa.
1It authorit7 to hear appeals, to re-riev decisions, and to •ke f ■rther iDTestiratiODS
ls plac~ bJ law with a specific arency within thedepartaent., the specific a.,enc:, i• u.aed
either in the bod7 of the table or ia a footnote.

G"l
·CJ)

r

"Acts 119:181, No. 359. I Effect I•• Jnl7 27. 1938.1
proYision coatail~ in table 12, appeadb A, relathr to periodic re-exuinatlo■
of applicant'• •1.. i11bt has b.. n r.pealed, Acts 119:181. No. 359. IBffective Jol7 27, 19:18, I
'Acts ll9:181, No. 359, sec. 15. IBffectlve J•l.J 27. 193&. I
0Fnb. Laws 119:181, ch. 2622. llffectlve JD17 1. 1~. I

3rhe

►
--i

@

SupplHBntary TablB H.-Personal Qual i ficatlons for Bl ind Assistance

Hinin.• a.,e
ia 7ea.n1

State

Applicant

Residence

u. s.

Deflni tion of blindneu

citbenship

Local

State

Louisiana _____

I I l - -------

--------

1•1 ------------------

ihode lsland 1

16 rears ud
ewer,

--------

I 7)

must not

solicit
&las

applicant •st ac- Applicant has 10 •isioa., or•ision vitb
ta&ll.y reside ID the correctin111.&sses is so detect be as
parlsb In wbich tbe
to prOTeDt perfon,uce of ordlury
applic&tiOD is ll&de. 1
acthities for which eresieht is es-

A■

Applicant NY
be required to
under10 opera-

Hiscell.&oeoas qaalificatiou

tioa or treat■eat

I-------

1•1 ---------

---------

X -----------

senti&L 4
_

------------------

----------·---------

No Tis ion or Tisioa vit h correctinll'
elasses is 20/ 3Xl or less or bas disqualifyiq- Tis11&l field defect.

X bdicates that the provision applies withoa.t lillitatioe iD a rhea State.

1Tbe

prarision contained in table 13, appe,adix A, rel&tiq to aiai ■u a.,e bu been repealed. Acts ll~I, No. 3~. IEffecthe July 21, 1938. l
1 Applicant 11USt ha•e been a resideat 5 rear.s withia last 9 years, l year il111ediately
ptteedina application, or must haYe becc:ae blind vbile resident.
"Acta 119381, No. M9, sec. ((bl. l&ffectiYe Jal.y 11:/, l~. l

4
Acts 119381, No. 359, sec. 4. IE!!ecthe July 21, 1938.l
6The prmision conta.ined in table 13, appendix A, relatiq to the re,quireaent to uadera:o
operation or treatment ha.s been repealed. Acts 11Q38I, No. 35Q. (Bftecthe Jui, 'i/1, 1938.)
1 Pub. Laws 119381, ch. 2622. IB!fectlYe July l, 1=.1
7
Applica.nt ■uat h&Ye been a resident 5 years within the Q yean iaaediatelr precedin2
the a.pplication, the la.st rear h&Yinii been coatinuoas &Del haedi&tel.J precediq: application, or auat ha.Ye becaae bliad vbile a resident of the State.

U)

,,r,,
C

m

ii:

m

z

-I

►
::0

-<

-I

0

(2.·
;;;

►
CXl

r

m

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0

N

Q.

~

a-n

•

(J)

~

262 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Suppt111111ntary Tabltt

u.-Need Qualifications for Blind Asalstance
Applicaat

Liai tatioas oa
propert7

State

Iouiaiua _______
Rbode lslud• ___

Liaitatiou oa hcoae

11) ---------- 11) -------------------11 ) __________ 11 ) --------------------

l iadicatea t.llat tbe

proYi ■ io■

■ ust

aot lulft diapoaed Applicut lu ao peraca ll.al>le
of propert7 to
ud lb le to nppon •m
qualifJ

Witbla 5 Jean_
Witbia ~ 7eans _

appliea wit1101t liaitatioa ia a 1ivea State.

'Tbe p~i_:.~o•.a r.Ontai•~ la · table 14, appeadix A1 relathi' to li■ itatioaa oa propert7 ud iaccae M:te
beea repealed. let ■ 11Q381, No. 35Q, IBUecti•e Jul7 27, 1938, l
•Pub. L&wa 11Q381, Cb. 2622, l&Uectioe Jul, 1, 1Q38. I
1 Applicut ta iaeli&ible if lie bu propert7 or iacoae ia e1.ce• o1 aout,aeeded for reuosable Abaiateace compatible with dece ■c7 aad ._ealtll.
·Suppt1111entary Tao/11 15,-Types of

Aid Received or Needed Which Disqualify Applicants for
BI ind Aas I-stance
l ■ atltutioaal

Aasiatuce
State

Other public
uaiatuce

Old a,e
aaaiataace

Public or
priYate
iutiu.tioa

Loaisiu•---------------·----- 11 __________ _
1
Rhode lsl&od ----------------- --------------

aid

l'lblic
hatitatio ■

Ia aeed of coet iaal-, iaanitatioaal. can:

:xt -----------

1" l ---------- (').

l'J ----------

I indicates that the proTiaion applies witboat liahati011 la a 1bea State.
1KJ.cept temporar7 Mdical aad 1111ra:ical aaaiataace.
•1.cta 119381, No. 35g, sec. tic I. IKffect i•e Julr 27, 1Q38, l
8 Pub, 1-a llQ381, ch. 2622, (lffectlTe Jul7 1, 1938,I
6Applicut ■ust aot be recehiq old a,e aashtuce.
1 Applicaat •ust not be u iuate of u.7 public iaatitutlo ■ a\ tiae of receh'taa uaiatuce.
1 Applicant mu.st aot be iD ■eed of coatiau.iq iutit11tioaal care or otber tiad• ot aid ud aen-ice •kid
&re reasoa&blf available.

SuppteHntary TaOlfl J6.-Provlsions for Recovery Fr011 Recipients and Their

Estatn for

Blind Assistance Granted
For total
State

UIOIIDt Of

Blemptloae

. . ilt&ace

Louisiau ____________ X'------- 11 ).
1
Rbode lalaad -------- I'------- Realt7 of reciplelt wUle occupied bJ """!Tia, ■poaee.
I iadlcates that tbe prgyiaio■ applies witboDt liaitatio■ la a eh'e ■ State.
1Acta 11Q381, No. 35Q, aeca. 17, 18, IQ, SJ. l!ffectbe Jul7 27. 1Q38, I
1Coata of administration of tile eatate and reaaoa&ble faaeral expeuea are allowed. Ho claia ia eJlJ'orc:e-~le_qe.in~t_ re&l. estate_ o~ _r~ip~eat wbi}:~_ occup!_~-• a ~~ bJ ~~_e_.!._t1_!"!!!l.Y..•ec>~-e~~. or_cllU~re•_,
aor against any personal or ~al property of lea thu 1100 1 ■ Yalue. The cost d. asaistaace aa, be reconred
from the relatives of a recipient if they are lera.111 respoulble for bis support and able to faniU. sad
••~port. Acts 119381, No. 359, secs. 17, 18, IQ, 2(). ISUectln Jd7 1/!1, lQM, l
Pub. Laws 119381, cb. 2622, IKtrecti•e Jal7 1, 1Q38, l
•An1 uaistance pa.id after tbe recipieat MS COIie iato possessioa ol. propertJ or iacoae i ■ excess of aaout
staied iD the applicatioa, ud aach propertJ or iDc011e i ■ uceas of bla aeed Mall be recoTen.ble 111J tk
State as a debt dae the Sta.te. O■ the death of &17 recipie:at, the total --,aat of aaaiatu.ce paid shall N
allowed a.a a clai ■ aaa.iut tlle eatate of aac.tl peraoD..

lJ·Q1t-zecJ by

Goos le

Suppteuntar~ Taot, l7 .-Provl1lon1 for Granting and Financing Blind Assistance
11111IUaina
all-.ce allcoaace
Stat•

Loda i&aa ---- -

lper -•b (per aoatb
a■le•
ulesa
O!)el'V~ ot•erwlN
,apecllledl epecifledl

111 -----

--------

Burial
&llawuce

I•1 --------

Gareraeatal aah
deteraid11 uoat
Proorial09 for of illdi•idaal rrau

....- 1

bcideace of
floucial reepoaslbllitJ

al

db&bllltJ

T-r&rJ as-

siataace . 1

Bula for dlatrlbatloo of State fullda

Fhal

Adw-11017

State

Contr

Otloer
local aal t

l'arbb --

--------

? S per-

------

25 pen:eat

ceni . 4

lparlsbl ,

State reimanes parlab for 75 perceat of
cmt of usiataac:e aad 00 perce ■ t of ad■i■ iatratbe coats. 4

Procedare h CUI!
al losuf ficleacJ
of State f•llds

St ate coatrlbutioa
baaed 01 a.,u, t of
funds uailable,

1'1 _________ St•te ___
Dode 151&1111 1 _ 130• ---State d bbanses (Udo to iadhldaal.a.. ____
I ------X ladlcates tllat th proolaloa applies
llllitatl011 la a rhea State.
"state-, u•- total fhaaclal teSP011■ iblllt7 If parlab lacb fullda,
1 Allowaace - • be
1
aa ..,u, wblcb la Htficleat, wbeudded to otber lac-, toprOYlde
Pab. 1- 11-1, ch. 2122. IBUectl•e JalJ 1, lG38.I
1
reclpleat wltb reu09&ble nbalste11ee c._tlble whb deceacJ alld llealtb . Acta 11Q381,
Aaalstuce la es.ens of tllia &a011at •1 be cra■ ted ln e1ceptlou.l cases with the aplio, 3!111, aec . &. llftecthe Ja)J '1:7, 11138.1
prooral of tbe director ol pablic: wellare.
"leuoaable tueral expe- - , be paid, It tloe estate la iaadticlent aad If tbere
•state Depart•at ot i'Dbllc WeUare ■uat cooperate with the Bona• of the BUIid In tbe
are ao reapoMlble nlath·• able to P&J nc:b expeu"9. Act ■ 1111381, No.~. sec. 20,
Departae ■ t of Bdacatl011 aad vit11 other a,eaclee ii MUaree for tM preYeatloa
ofblinJHBa and re1toratloa of ereslaht .
<BUecti'"' J■ l.7 '1:7, lG:le. I
1.luistaace - ,
a:i.o be 1ra■ted to pn,Ye■ t bllld1eu, lacladla, aeceaear, tranlla, alld
otber apeaes to recehe treataeat
a boepital or cliaic.

-------- -----------wit..,_,

---------

-------- -----------

•t

Cl)

C
-0
-0

r

m
ii:
m
z
-t

t
-<
0

-t
►

;;;

r

0.

Cl)

~

,~

~

C")
0

0

00

r5"'

aJ

ITI

•

N

$

AID TO DEPENDENT CHILDREN

IN THEIR OIN HONES

N

~

•

Supplementary Table 18.-Provisions for the Administration of Aid to Dependent Children in Their Own Homes

CJ)

Reconsideration

Original determination

NaState

1t•r•l
ol

Dir-Kt

law

Louisia.na

-------1

I

Supervisory

I

I

Final

Parish d~rto,ent of
public wlfare.

M__ ] State Department of Public Welfare throaih
pa.r is h department of

-I

Determination of eligibility

Adtninistrative respousibility

Ad?isorJ

I

Pedodic

r·~

ues t o
Appeal of
State
applicant
oa.rd
to Sta. te
depart- department 1
..,.t

)>

-I

Appeal and reYiew

m

Upon con-,

byl Further io-

Review
by State
depa.rt11ent

plaint
person
other
on own -,1ioa 1 than

Testiiiatioa
by State
department 1

applicant

1--------------1-----------11") ___ ]I ___________ I I') ---------1-------1 I').

li ■ itatioa

in a a:hren State.

either ia the bOO.y of the table or in a footaote.

r

"T1

2Acts 119381, So. 359. IE!tectiTe Joly 2:/, 1938. l
8 All e-rants •ust be reconsidered u frequentl.J 115 11&:, be required bf the rates of the
.:ita'.te departm!ut. Acts 119381, No. 350, sec. 15. IEftl!'cti'l'e JulJ 27. i938.)
'The State dl!'pa.ru1eat 11&7, upo■ its owa IIK)tiou,reTiev&aJ decision of a parish depart11rut or consider any application upon vhich ao decision W been Nde aad •ke orie-iaal
or additio11al iavestieation 115 it ma.J dtt• necessar7. Acts ll9381, No. 359, sec. 15. (&f!ect iTe Joly 2:1. l938. l

r

m

G')
CJ)

r

)>

-I

~

c;
IQ

Supp1uentary Table 21.-Provisions for Granting and Financing Aid to Dependent Children in Their Own Homes

~

8.

M&:ri111Um allowaoc"

CJ'

'<

~

=,

m

)>

1 It authority to hear ap~als, to reTiew decisions, and to make further iavestigatiOD9

0

(')

m

is pla.ced by law wilh a specific agencr within the dep.a.rtment, the specific aeeacy is nued

0
0
00

CD

r

;o

poblic welfare. 2

X indicates that the provision applies without
H indicates ma.ndatory provision.
0 indicates optional provision.

"ti
C

State-

lper 1100th unless otherwisl!' specified)
First child

Louiaian& _______

Each additiot1al
Faaily
child

I' J ----------- I' I -----------

------

Burial
allow.nee

GO'rerruaent&l ouit
deterain ine a110unt
o! individual grant
Final

1•) ------- Parish --·-

AdTisorr

State

C.ounty

-------------

66S per-

---------

X iadkates that the prOTision applies without lhlitation iD a rhen State,
1Ald DeCHA&ry to support child h flll.nner cOGrpatible wltb decelk:f alld health.
•1tt:uona.ble tunera.l•ezpensee IIQ.J' be paid 1 H the estate is inauffident or U there are
no responaiblf' relathes able to PlJ such expea.ses. Act ■ ll0381, No. Mg, sec. 2t). IIUfecth" JolJ 2:1, 1938, I

Incidence of
fhaucial responsibility

cent. 3

Other
local UD it

Basis tor dlstribntloa ot
State funds

Procedure ia cue
of insutficie-acy
of State had ■

3331 per- State rehtbnrses parish 665 perceat
cent
lpar!ahl.

ot cost of assistaace and 50 perceat of ad11lniJtratiYe coats. 8

"sate 11&7 ass ... total flnaoclal respons!blllt7 it parlal laclla fallds, or fuDda are
le1all.7 barred.

STATE BOARDS AND LOCAL BOARDS
Suppl•••ntary TablB 1,. -Coaposition and Appolntaant of State Boards of Public lelfara

M...
State

Tera of
office

lleOod of
•electio■

Noaeof
ber
87 Gm
llue of State peniac or of Rotatenor
alY!JIOrJ bou,I 111 Otb- BJ
daparuont
vltb
Goolll1 ■ber
boatd
er eraor coue ■
of
ben,
of
7earsl
Seuate

......

----

--•-

e:ratiOII

Qual!Ucatloaa

Lillitatloo oa appolatant

l --·

Proolaloa tor
1111'1111 • ..,....1.
created bJ dut•,
r•icaatioa,or
......a1

----·-------- ............ -............ -- -- ----- ....... -- -.. ---- ..... ----

-·----

hpeu•-- llecoe•i•ed lm.ereat
.. .._,
la ud u..,ledi•
of pabllc •lfare
probl-.
1Acta 119381, No . 344, aec. 3,
I iadicatea t•at tbe pl'O'Jieioa applim vitboat liaitatioa ia a 1he1 State .

Lollisiaaa ---·- State Depart- State Board 5-- 51 --aeot of I'll>- of Pablic
lie Welfare. Welfare.

Prmlaloo for r•mal

IIIUect!Ye J,lJ 27, l9lle,I

Supple•entary Table JS.-Appolntaent and Qualifications of Executives of State Boards or Departaent1 of Public lelfare
lletbod of oelectioa
B7 GOYPrOYi ■ loa tor filliq
enor BJ c_.
Qullflcatiou
BJ
YACUCJ la off ice
witb ■ i·aion R•u•ratioa.
Go~ coueat
or
era.or
board
ot
Seute
1 _____
Flted bJ law __ Nast deTote Us e ■tlre ti• ud atte■ tioa
Olllo IStatel ---- State relief director'---·------ 9 aoatu• __ ______
to t•e pertoraaace of bh oUlclal doties.
1ne 1• prOYI- for tbe """°htaeat of a State relief director to """• tor a tem of
l ladlcatea that tlte proYialoD applies wit-.Ou.t li ■itatio■ h ache■ State.
o aoutu. AppareatlJ oo pro•hloe •• be• ■-de tor aocceedlae -htaeato attl't' t•e
1 1-a 1103'1 3d u. I, s. I . 406.
upiratiOD ot tUa ■ppohu1e1t.
IIIUectl•• Julr 11, 1038 , I
State

Title of executive

Tent of ot Uce

-----

0

'B;;;
;:!)

!:l.

,:z

0

0

r:fi
rS""

-------

...,...,~
,-

rn
I::
rn

z

-I

)>
~

-<

-I
)>

tD
,-

rn

en

•

N

~

SuP9f11.entary TablB 36.-CO■poaltlon and AppolntMnt of local Boards of Pub I ic lelfare

"'
0,
0,

- ~ -.
State

Kue of board

Tera■ of off ice
N-r
llotatlar
of
-bera laaber OtHT
of,,.,.,

____ ......

l.oalaiaaa ••••••• Part•• bo.ud of 51 •••• 51 ii •••
plbl.lcwelfare. 1

Per- or arac,
aui.. appoia - · ta

ieaaaeratioa

eac•

i■

appolatae■ t

•

PrCffiaioa for

CJ')

...... a1

;!
;;:l

••tte

facu.cles are f Uled

Liaitatio1 01

-- ------------ -..... --....... ---· ...
part••·

11 J ••••••.•••••••.• &ape............ .. Board. a.bin aut be
cltluu al. tN

1 Tw pari•• bot.rd& couiat of 5 _ . , . . .1ecteclbJtH police J•'7 of
part.•. u cept i ■ Hew Orleua
••eparl.a• bo&rdc-iata of 7 - r s aeloctecl bJ tN c ...iaaioa
coancil of tile cit7. Appointaeata ■ •t be ude troa a li•t of chi.sea of tN respecti-re
paril!lb cenitled by tbe State departaeD.t, coataiaiac twice • un.7 aaes u t~ere &re

vacancies to be filled .

Qulificatiom,

the aae ua1er u

"'Cl

C

.Acta ·111391 , • · M4. aec. g. (lffecthe l"11 27 , 19311.1 ne State departaeat - , uite
2 or mn pan- ud fo,. a diatrict dep&rtllftt of pablic wlfare . hid., sec. 8. llf-

fact he lDlJ 2'1. 1038. I
•re .. coat la- utll hl:cH&Or la appoiated ' ud qaallfiecl.

CD
,(')

,,.,
,~

.,,

orl1ia&l appoiatant.

)>

Supple~entary Table

37.-Appo l nt■ent

and Ouallficatlons of Executives of Local Boards or

Depart■1nt1

:::0
,,.,

of Public lelfare

,-

,,.,
G)

Me t hod of se lee t 10•
Appoi ■ t-

Stat~

T1tlt o! exrcuti.ve-

Term of

ott 1ce

Depa rtmeot

c:::;

of Publi

2N

'"

0.

~

C")
0

c£rv

ed 11,
State

Welfare
l lliDois -- - - -- ·- CouatJ a uperhtnden t of
public welfatt. 1
Lou.i!;.iau ____ ___ Par i.sb dirtttor o! pub lic
welf are.

1

4 Jcars _ -· -----·- l -··-··

Ple-a2u1re ot State
di rector . 1

,-

Appolat· Appout·
ed 11,
loc&l

ed 11,
local
iOYe•TIII- board of
i Di
pvblic
llod7
welt are

)>

Remaoera t loa

,., .... --- ----- --------

z

Fi.led by Sta u

depar t -

Ho.st be leral resideats ot the Sta te a.ad of tbei r respectiYe
co11 ■ ti es t or at least 3 7ears pr ior to t he i r appoi ■ taea t.
Hust aeet qaalification& pr escribed bJ State

ae ■ t.

'T"ra coa t iagea 1111. til successor la appoi nte d a Dd qaa.li fi l!d.
119381, No. 344. !&ff ecti• • Jul 7 27, 19:,J,I
' Stille direc t or .

1 Acto

!Effec<l•e J ul7 8 , J9:'l6. I

-4

Qualitication.s

0

-------- --- ----- ---------·---------------

I iDdicates tbat t~e prOYiaioa applies witbout limitatioo ia a rhea St ate.
1 1..ws ll938 l at • •• '• ft. B. 4 .

CJ')

d e pa r t ae.■ t.

Appendix C
SUMMARIES OF STATE PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC
WELFARE AND CHARTS OF STATE AND LOCAL
PUBLIC WELFARE AGENCIES
THE F0LL0WIN8 charts of State agencies and institutions performing public welfare
functions indicate briefly the public welfare structure within each State and the
names of the agencies and institutions performing public welfare functions. The
summaries of statutory provisions for public welfare which accompany each chart
and which are to be read in conjunction with the chart indicate very briefly the
functions performed by the agencies and institutions contained in the chart.
The organizational charts are restricted to the legal and constitutional structure within the State. They do not indicate the extent to which divisions and
bureaus have been established within particular agencies unless such divisions
and bureaus are created by law. The lines joining the boxes on the charts indicate
mainly the legal lines of control over agencies and institutions performing public
welfare functions on both the State and local levels.
Functions which are uniformly considered to be of a public welfare nature and
consistently included in the charts and summaries are those which provide for
dependent, handicapped, defective, and delinquent persons.
Provisions for the relief of dependency included in the charts and summaries
are: general relief, old !lie assistance, aid to dependent children in their own
b0111es, blind assistance,care of dependent and neglected children by agencies and
institutions, and Teteran relief. 1
Functions performed for the welfare of handicapped and defective persons included
in the charts and suD1D1aries are: care and treatment of the insane and feebleminded and epileptic persons; and services to the blind.
The charts and summaries include the following provisions for delinquents: the
care, confinement, and reformation of juvenile and adult delinquents; and the
administration of paroles and probation.
All agencies concerned with the administration of any of the above functions
have been uniformly included in the organizational charts. In some instances
agencies and institntions which ·are performing one or more of the above functions
are also responsible for the administration of ft:nctions which inmost States have
not been brought within the public welfare structure. For the purpose of this
study, these functions have been included in the summaries only when their administration is placed within an agency or institution which is performing one or
111ore of the functions consistently considered to be of a public welfare nature.
These functions include. the care of crippled children; maternal and child health;
education of the deaf, dumb, and blind; vocational rehabilitation; and the care
of tuberculars. The absence of these functions from a particular summary does
not indicate that they are not being undertaken by some ,other Siate department,
such as the Department of Health or Department of Education.
11n a tew States u1tatanc1 to Ytterana ta not reatrlcted to those actually tn need.

267

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268 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
ALABAMA
Relief and Publ le Asslstance,-The State Department of Public Welfare in conjunction with the county departments of public welfare is authorized to administer
or supervise general relief, old age assistance, aid to dependent children in their
own homes, and blind assistance. 1
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of juvenile courts. The State Department of Public Welfare must, through the bureau of child welfare, advise with judges and probation officers of the juvenile
courts and aid in the work of the courts; it must visit and inspect all institutions caring for dependent, neglected, or delinquent children and license those
not under State ownership. The State department through the bureau of child welfare likewise must establish and mai'ntain homes or other agencies for the care
of such children and receive children committed to it. The county departments of
public welfare must, if appointed by courts of competent jurisdiction, perfora
the functions of probation officers in cases of such children. County depart111ents
must cooperate with the State department and other agencies caring for children
and direct the care of dependent, neglected,delinquent, or otherwise handicapped
children and such other child welfare activities as are delegated to the county
departments by the State department or its bureau of child welfare.
State pensions to veterans are administered by the State Pension Commission
assisted by the probate judge acting as county pension commissioner. County relief
to veterans is administered by the court of county commissioners, county board of
revenue, orother county governing body. Care of veterans in the State Soldiers'
Home is administered by the board of control of the home.
Juvenile Oel inquents.-Juvenile courts have jurisdiction in cases involving
delinquent children. The case of a delinquent child more than 14 years of age,
not subject to reformation, may be transferred to any other court having jurisdiction of the offense with which the child is charged. Delinquent girls may be
committed to the State Training School for Girls. The Boys I State Industrial
School receives delinquent white boys committed to it by courts or by voluntary
commitment. Delinquent Negro children, with the except ion of criminals over 15
years of age, may be committed to the State Reform School for Juvenile Negro Law
Breakers. 2
Services to the Bl ind.-The State Board of Education 3 must maintain a bureau of
information to aid blind persons, whose training is not otherwise provided for,
in finding employment, in developing home industries, and in marketing their products. It may furnish materials, tools, books, and home instruction. The board
is authorized to maintain a register of blind persons in the State, describing
causes of blindness and capacity for education and industrial training of each
blind person.
Insane and Mental Defectives,-Insane persons are cOllllllitted by probate courts
to the Bryce and Searcy State Hospitals for the Insane (for white and colored
persons, respectively). Idiots, imbeciles, feeble-minded persons, or morons, any
of whom may be epileptic but not violent or insane, are committed by juvenile
courts, if minors,or by probate courts if adults to the Partlow State School for
Mental Deficients. The State Epileptic Colony receives epileptic children and
adults (exclusive of criminals, inebriates, or violently insane persons I; they
are admitted by voluntary agreement in the case of pay J.)lltients or committed bJ'
probate courts in the case of indigents. The State Del,lllrtment of Public Welfare
must provide a mental hygiene program of noninstitutional care in the interest of
preventive work and general mental hygiene activities.
1Tb, State Department or Public Welt&re ■ust cooperate ll'ltb., anoact as th.1 &&ent ot, tilt Ftd-eral Government in public we1rar1 utters or autual concern.
2 s,e dlscuse:ton or care or dependent ancl neglectecl chtlclren, abo••• for powers or ti:ae State
ancl county departments or public welfare ln rel&tlon to children.
5 1'he State Board or Education auperTtaes 1ducat1onal work or all cbarltable, penal, reroMllltory,
and cbUd-carlng 1nat1tut1ons. -.1ntatned 1D whole or ln part b7 tbe State, Ulrou&b, the State
superintendent or education who la a ae ■ ber or ui, goYernln& boards of 1D&t1CU.tlona which b&Tt
charge or such work..

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ALABAMA PUBLIC WELFARE AGENCIES
Statutory .ind Cons ti tulional Organization

G O VERNOR
Appo I nt•efl t o f e11ec u t

or ga.., e rn i ng

tK>d 1

!ve

-----

Sup er-v ision - - - - - - - - - - - -

SU TE OEP AH TME.JH
OF PUBLIC NE.lFARE

STATE P EN SIO"i

COf.N I SSI ON 1

ST UC. 30ARO OF

SUTE PAi:i: OONING

EOJC A.TI ON 1

BOARD'

I Bo1 rd I

---- - - - - - - ----~ - -- - --- - -- - - - - - ~

I
!

2E

STA TE SOLDI £.RS

STATE TR AIN I NG

STATE RHQRJ,A SC HOOL

><l'<E

SC HOOL FOR GIRLS

~' OR JUV£N1 LE NEG~O

•Bo•rd ot

I Board of

L A'A' BRE A;( ER~

Con t rol I

Tr ustees 1

IBos r d o f i ru st ,.esl

90 't' S' SUH INOOSfrll AL SCHOOL

STAT E EP I LE PT 1 C
::O LONY

•Boai raot

1 IJo.ird

111

Olre cto r s I

ot

COl'fllll1SS • One r ,1

BRYCE lllfHI T(I AHO
SC:AACY t COLORED I
ST ATE tlOSPtT AL S
FOR THE INSANE

l& a r d of Tru~tees•,

m
r

"ARflO \ti ST ATE

SC HOOL FOR +.aEN-

ST ATE PRISONS

T AL DHJCIHITS

PRISON C AIAPS•

I Bo .srd of

1 wa rd ens I

r.lanagll!r "i,' I

"Tl
)>

XI

m

~

XI

0

<

en
COUNTY OEP A.ATMENT

0

OF PUBllC WELFARE

CJ)

I Boa.-dl

$

0

0

a-n

)>

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0

C,

·§

~

z

)>
1

co,apoNd ot t11• Stat• director o, are11ive1 a!WJ t,IHor,, tM atton,•1 guenl,
and
Stale additor.
'r11e suu superlnt•M•nt of education Is a .....ou o,
gov•rnlPIQ &oard of
•acl'I c11arltatile, penal , refo,..tory, at'ld child-caring aciency ••intair,H ht •of•
or- 11'1 part b1 tlle Stet.a, ,
'co,111pued of the auorMy t•,_.ral, Ula ..cratar, a, uat.e, at1d the ,tau auditor.
1
St1t-perpatuaii"9 bodJ ot lffilel'I tM Govart'IOr Is a ....oar .
6
consi11t• of tl'le board of trutUH of Ula State in•&M l'IHpltah wti l eh alacu

t"•

u,.

adOl,t l~nal ..., .....

,S\l..,er ia not •peel ti ad an ataivtes.

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270 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
Adu It De llnquents.-The State Board of Ad111inistration has general sopenisioa
and control of the State and count7 convicts in State prisons ud prison caaps. 4
State convicts under 18 years of age are segregated from others and placed iD a
refonnatory. The State Pardoning Board 111Ust ex&111ine applications ll&de to tlle
Governor for paroles, pardons, or commutations of sentences and ■ust make recm111endations thereon to the Governor.
Crippled Children.-The State Board of Education, through its division of vocational education, must administer State and Federal funds tor senices to crippled
children.
'Th• State Board of AdalnUtratlon &110 baa cbarp ot th• caN, cu■ tod.J, 1qulsment., npa1r1aa.
insurance, an4 accoununa or all propert, ot tbe State, 1zc11,1t th• 1>ropert1u or educatlo•l,
e11ar1tabl1, ud 1111 ■ oa7na17 1111tltut10na, wbleb are under tt11 •naa••nt ot tllelr ORD board.I

or truateu.

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WELFARE PROVISIONS AND AGENCIES• 271
SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
AR I ZONA

Relief and Public Aa1l1tance,-General relief is administered by county boards
of social security and public welfare under the supervision of the State Depart-

ot Soc.al Security and Welfare. Boards of county supervisors maintain homes,
poor farms, and hospitals, and they are charged with the administration of provisions
hospitalization and care of the indigent sick, except provisions for
care of such persons in the State Welfare Sanatorium. 1 Old age assistance, aid
to dependent children in their own homes, and blind assistance are administered
by the State Department of Social Security and Welfare assisted by county boards
of social security and public wel!are. 2 The State department must also supervise
agencies and institutions (except those operated by the Board of Directors of
State Institutions l caring for dependent or physically handicapped or aged adults,
and it has authority to approve the incorporation of charitable agencies.
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of the superior courts which control and supervise county detention homes receiving dependent and neglected children. The State Department of Social Security
and Welfare with the assistance of county boards of social security and public
welfare administers all child welfare activities including licensing and supervision of private and local public child-caring agencies and institutions.
Direct relief toveterans is administered by the Veterans' Relief Commission.
Juvenile Del lnquents.-Superior courts have jurisdiction in cases involving delinquent children and may COD111it such children to their parents, to a reputable
citizen, to an association or institution, to county detention homes, or to the
State Industrial School for Juvenile Offenders. The State Department of Social
Security and Welfare supervises the care and training of delinquent children. The
Board of Directors of State Institutions may assign a delinquent girl to any institution with which it bas ma.de arrangements for the care of such children.
Services to the Bl lnd,-The State Department of Social Security and Welfare must
develop agencies or cooperate with agencies already established to provide services to the blind. These services include prevention of blindness, location of
blind persons, medical services for eye conditions, vocational guidance and training of the blind, placement of blind persons in employment, and instruction of
adult blind in their homes.
Insane and Mental Defectlvea.-The State Hospital for the Insane provides care
and treatment for insane persons committed by superior courts. The superior courts
COIJlll!it to the Colony for Mentally Deficient Children those Plinors who are so mentally deficient that they are incapable of managing themselves and whose intelligence will not develop. The State Department of Social Security and Welfare must
supervise all agencies and institutions caring for the mentally handicapped except State institutions operated by the Board of Directors of State Institutions.
Adult Del lnquents.-The State Prised' provides for confinement and training of
adult delinquents. Th! State Board of Pardons and Paroles has power to pass upon
and rec0111111end to the Governor the granting of reprieves, commutations, pardons,
and paroles.
Crippled Chlldren.-The State Department of Social Security and Welfare is responsible for the administration of services !or children who are crippled or
suffering from conditions which lead to crippling. These services include locating such children and providing medical, surgical, corrective, and other care and
facilities for diagnosis, hospitalization, and aftercare. The State department
must supervise the administration of services included in the program that are not
administered directly by the department. It must cooperate with medical, health,
nursing, and welfare groups and organizations, and with any State agency administering laws providing for vocational rehabilitation of physically handicapped
children.
ment

tor

1Tllo ~au llllfaro Banator1u■ u operated by th• Statt Board or soc1a1 Becurlt7 and Welfare.
2nio Sutt Dopartaont or SOclal Socurlt:, and WoHare must act as tho agent or ttlt roc1ora1
OoY1ma1nt In furtherance or &nJ' runctlona ot the State dep&rt?llent and auat alao act aa tb1 otUclal &&enc:, or tho state In an:, welfare actlYlt:, Initiated by the Federal

oonrn■ ent.

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WELFARE PROVISIONS AND AGENCIES• 273
SUMMARY

OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
ARKANSAS

Relief and Public Assistance.-General relief is provided by two programs, one
administered by the State Department of Public Welfare through county or district
departments of public welfare and the other by county courts. Old age assistance,
a id to dependent children in their own homes, and blind assistance are administered
by the State Department of Public Welfare assisted by the county or district board
of public welfare. 1 The State Department of Public Welfare must supervise and
license private agencies and institutions providing assistance, care, or other direct services to the aged, the blind, and other dependent persons.
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come with in the jurisdiction
of juvenile courts. The State Department of Public Welfare is charged with the
administration or supervision of all child welfare activities including the licensing and supervision of private and public child-caring agencies, institutions,
and boarding homes for children. 2 The county or district departments of public
welfare perform such duties as the State department may prescribe. The juvenile
court department is placed within the Department of Public Welfare which supervises, directs, and controls its operation. County boards of visitation must visit
all institutions, societies, and associations receiving children colllllitted by juvenile courts.
Confederate veterans' pensions are administered by the State Pension Board assisted by county boards of pensions. Care of Confederate veterans in the State
Confederate Home, and care of their mothers, widows, and daughters in the annex
to the home is administered by the honorary board for the management and operation
of the Confederate home. 3
Juvenile Del inquents.-Juvenile courts have jurisdiction in cases involving delinquent children. The court may allow a child to remain in its own home, may
designate a guardian and place the child in a home provided by the guardian, or
it may commit the child to a public or private institution. The State Industrial
School for White Boys, the State Industrial School for Negro Boys, and the State
TraiMng School for Girls have been established !or the care and training of juvenile delinquents.'
Services to the Blind.-The State Department ot Public Welfare must develop or
cooperate with other agencies in developing measures for the prevention of blindness, restoration of sight, anl! the vocational adjustment of blind persons.
Insane and Mental Defectives,-The State Hospital and Hospital Dairy Farm provide care and treatment for insane, feeble-minded, or epileptic persons committed
by county or probate judges. The State Department of Public Welfare must administer or supervise care of mentally handicapped children in foster family homes
or institutions. The State department must supervise and license private agencies
and institutions providing assistance, care, or other direct services to the feebleminded. It must administer or supervise all mental hygiene work, including care
of mentally ill or feeble-minded persons not in the State hospital.
Adult Delinquents.-The State Penitentiary, the Penitentiary Farms, and the State
Farm for Women provide for confinement and training of adult delinquents. The
State Board of Pardon and Parole has power to grant paroles and must consider all
applications for executive clemency and make recommendations to the Governor. The
State board also has visitorial power over all institutions to which persons may
be committed upon criminal charges.
Crippled Chi I dren.-The State Department of Public Welfare must administer or
supervise aid and services to crippled children, including services for locating
crippled children and for providing medical, surgical, corrective, and other care
and facilities for diagnosis, hospitalization, and aftercare for children who are
crippled or who are suffering from conditions which lead to crippling. County or
juvenile courts, at the request of parent, guardian, or interested person, may
commit a crippled child to the State department for treatment or education.
1The State Der,a.rtment or Public Welfare must cooperate with tbe Federal Government in public
welra.re utters or mutual concern.
2tbe Arkansas Cnlldren•s Home and Hospital, a State-aided lnstltutlon, la recognized as an ort1c1al agency or the State and or tt,e several counties tor the purpose or receiving. caring tor,
treating. and placing in bomts dependent, neglected, and crippled children committed to lt.
3The State Pem11on Claims Coulttee investlg,ates persons on pension rolls and residentsottbe
State Conrederate Home and causes t-ne State Pension Board to remove inellglbles.
43ee discussion or care or ae~endent and neglected children, above, tor powers of tbe Stata
Depart111ient or Public Welfare and county boards or vlslr.atton in relation to chlldren.

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ARKANSAS

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WELFARE PROVISIONS ANO AGENCIES• 275
SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
CAL I FORN IA
Relief and Pub I le Ass istance.-General relief is provided by two programs, one
adm:cnis.tered by r.ounty boards of supervisors, or county boards of public welfare where established, and the other by the State Department of Social Welfare.
Old age assistance, aid to dependent children in their <:Mn h0111es, and blind assistance are ad min is tered by county boards of supervisors, or the county boards
of public welfare where established, under supervision of the State Department of
Social Welfare. 1
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of juvenile courts. County probation conunittees appointed by the juvenile court
must, upon request of the juvenile court judge or the county board of supervisors,
investigate any society, association, or corporation other than aState institution
receiving or applying for any ward. These county cCJIIIJllittees also control county
detention homes. The State Department of Social Welfare must make rules and regulations for the proper J11aintenance and care of needy children and must inquire
into the management of all institutions receiving State aid. It may also investigate the care of children in institutions not under the control of the State
Department of Institutions and is empCMered to license boarding h0111es, institutions,
and other agencies caring for or finding homes for children under 16 years of
age.2
The Whittier State School receives boys committed by the juvenile courts.
Direct relief to veterans is administered by county boards of supervisors with
the assistance of military, naval, and marine organizations which certify to the
eligibility of veterans. The Veterans I Home of California and the Women's Relief
Corps Home provide for institutional care of veterans. Cities and counties may
also establish veteran homes.
Juven I le De 11 nquenb ,-Cases involving delinquent chi 1d ren come within the j urisd ict ion of the juvenile courts. Provisions for care of dependent and neglected
children also apply to delinquent children. The State Department of Social Welfare
must investigate juvenile probation. The bureau of juvenile research must conduct
research into the causes and consequences of delinquency and mental deficiency
and inquire into social, educational, and psychological problems relating thereto.
It has control of and directs all juvenile researchandpsychologicalworkconducted
in State schools, State homes for the feeble-minded, and other State institutions
giving custodial care to minors. The Preston State School of Industry and the
Ventura State School for Girls provide care and training !or delinquent children.
Services to the Bl lnd,-The State Industrial Home for the Adult Blind, the State
Industrial Workshop for the Blind, and similar workshops which may be established
by the State Department of Institutions with the approval of the department of
finance provide training and employment of the blind. The State Department of
Institutions may authorize work to be let out to the blind in their homes.
Insane and Mental Defectives,-The State Department of Institutions is charged
with the execot ion of laws relating to the care, custody, and treatment of insane,
feeble-minded, epileptic, idiotic, and other inc0111petent persons, and it must
examine all pub lie and private institutions receiving sue h persons. 3 The Hendoc ino,
Stockton, Napa, Agnews, Patton, Norwalk, and Camarillo State Hospitals for the
Insane provide care and treatment for insane persons committed by judges of superior
courts. The Sonoma State Home for the Feeble-minded receives imheciles, idiots,
and epileptics who are not insane. The Pacific Colon.vandStl\te Narcotic Hospital
care for feeble-minded persons, epileptics, and drug addicts committed by judges
of the superior courts.
1Tn• State Depart11ent or Soctal Welfare 11n1st tnvesttg&te cbartt&ble tnstltutlons other than
thoee under Jurtsdlctlon or another State department. It my also act aa the agent or or cooDerate
wltb the Federal Government on any Mttera wtthtn the scope or the runcttons or the departDlent.
County boards or public welh.re, where eet&bltBhed, 11.ust vtstt charitable Institutions recetvtng
county runde and report thereon to the State Department or Social Welfare.
2 countJ boards or public welfare, "here einabllahed. must Ylatt and report to the State Board
or Social Wettart concernln.g charitable and correctional lnstltutlons rece1v1ng support rrom
count7 runde.
3 see •JU'Hnlle Deltnquenta.• aboYe, tor powers or the bureau or JuYenlle resellrch.

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WELFARE PROVISIONS AND AGENCIES• 277
Adult Del inquents,-The State Prison at Folsom, the State Prison at San Quentin,
and the State Institution for Women provide for confinement and training of adult
delinquents. The Governor has ;>ewer to grant reprieves, pardons, and commutations
for all o!fenses except treason and cases of impeachment. The State Board of
Prison Terms and Paroles has general jurisdiction over the parole of prisoners
and the determination of lengths of terms. The State Department of Social Welfare
must investigate adult probation. County boards of public welfare, where established, must visit penal and correctional institutions receiving county funds and
report thereon to the State Department of Social Welfare.

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278 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
COLORADO
Relief and Public Assistance.-General relief, old age assistance, aid to dependent children in their Olt'n homes, and blind assistance are administered by the
county or district departments of public welfare under the supervision of the
State Department of Public Welfare. 1
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of juvenile courts. The State Department of Public Welfare is charged with the
administration or supervision of all child welfare activities including the care
of dependent and neglected children. County or district departments of public
welfare must administer care and treatment to dependent and handicapped children
under the rules and regulations of the State Department of Public Welfare, and
they must investigate and pass upon all applications for admission to or discharge
from county institutions. The county boards of visitors must keep advised of the
conditions and mana~ement of all local public or private child-caring hOl'les or
institutions receiving county or municipal funds and make necessary recCJ111111endations, All private institutions, societies, and agencies receiving dependent
children must be approved by the State Bureau of Child and Animal Protection which
must cooperate with other agencies and secure the enforcement of laws for the
protection of children. The bureau, if appointed by a competent court, may act
as the guardian of any dependent, neglected, abandoned, or cruelly treated child
under 14 years of age. The board of control of the State Home for Dependent and
NeP,lectecl Children places in family homes children committed to the ho111e and
supervises the care of such children while they remain wards of the board.
Veteran relief is restricted to care in the State Soldiers' and Sailors' ~ome.
Ca.re in the home is administered by the soldiers' an1 sailors' home commission 2
and supervised by the Division of Public Welfare of the Executive Department.
Juvenile Delinquents.-Cases involving juvenile delinquents come within the
jurisdiction of juvenile courts. The court may allOlt' a.child to remain in its
own home, place it in a suitable home, or commit it to a county institution or
to the State Industrial School for Girls or the State Industrial School for Boys.
The county board ofvisitors 3 (appointed by county probate judeel must attend any
proceedings involving the commitment of a boy to the State Industrial School in
or<ler to orotect his intere~ts. 4
Services to the 81 ind,-The State Commission for the Blind is empowered to provide care, education, vocational training, employment, and treatment for any blind
person, and to provide for the sale of !)ro<lucts made by blind persons. It also
has the power to investigate the causes an<! methods o! preventing blindness, and
it must cooperate with the State School for the Deaf an1 Blind, the State Department of Education, the State Department of Health, local school boarcls and health
authorities, the United States Commissioner of Education, the Division of Vocational Rehabilitation, and other agencies for the prevention of blindness. The
commission operates the Colorado Industrial Workshop for the Blind.
Insane and Mental Defectives,-Care and treatment of mentally defective and
insane persons are provided by the State Home and Training Schoof for Mental Defectives at Ridge, the State Home and Training School for Mental Defectives at
Grand Junction, the State Hosoital, and the State Psycho!)athic Hospital. These
institutions receive voluntary patients and persons committed by county courts.
Adult Del inquents,-The State Penitentiary and the State Reformatory provide
for the confinement and training of arlult delinquents.
Tuberculars.-The director of the division of tuberculosis within the State
Department of Public Welfare must, with the cooperation of local medical societies,
conduct clinics in the diagnosis of tuberculosis throughout the State. The State
Department of Public Welfare cooperates with the Federal Government in caring for
indigent tuberculars.
1 The St3te De;,s.rtriient or Publlc Welfare

■ust act aa

the agent or the federal OoYernaent ta.

"elrare ir.atters or iautual concern.
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is nut s.,i,ttc1C1ed as a cond1t1on or e11&1D1l1tY tor care 1n tne State Sol4.ler.s• a.ad
Sallors' Huom.
3 ttut county tio11rd or vtsltors •ust keep advised or the condltlon and 11&nage11ent or all corNctlon&l tn~tltuttons supported 1n whole or 1n part by couucy or ■ untclpal u.1.atlon.
°'See dtscusston or c&re or dependent and neglected cblldren, &bOYI, tor Po••rs or Ull State
Du>artJi.ent or PuDllc Welfare lo relat.100 to Children.

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COLORADO

PUBLIC

tELFARE

AGENCIES

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12 instltutlons 11aye Deen e11aotl111ed . I Is 11tvat9d u tldge Md the otller at !;rand .111,.ction
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>1n addition to th• State 1101plta1 . 111a ltata Psychopat11lc HGspltal
Deen ntaDlla11.a, lfhic" la u.naged and control19d b1
t11a tioard of ra-vants ot tne State 1,1niverslty .
1 coapo1ed of the Doard of co11M1 co-i,aloners.
5 Appolnted by the county prooate J1,1d9a. In counti•• -.here no 1>0ard exl•tf. the Divis i on or
P'ubllc Welfare or\"- State Executlva Depart1Nnt1austpetltion \he count1toappoint a board. If no action ls taken on its petition, the Division of P'11Dllc lfelfara
Ny appo Int a board.

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280 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
CONNECTICUT
Relief and Pub I ic Assistance,-General relief is administered by town overseers
of the poor. Care for "State paupers" is administered by the Conunissioner of
Welfare. 1 Old age assistance and blind assistance are administered by the Coi;imissioner of Welfare through the bureau of old age assistance assisted by the
chief executive authorities of the towns. Aid to dependent children in their Olllll
homes is administered by the Commissioner of Welfare assisted by the chief executive authorities of the towns and boards of county commissioners.
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of juvenile courts; except in matters of guardianship and adoption and all other
matters affecting the property rights of any child, the probate courts have jurisdiction. The Commissioner of Welfare has general supervision over the welfare of
dependent and neglected children and must cooperate with all juvenile courts. The
Commissioner of Welfare licenses all child-caring agencies, supervises the placement of children in foster homes, and must cooperate with boards of county co111IDissioners in the administration of temporary county detention homes which are under
the control of the county commissioners. The county commissioners have supervision
over children transferred from these homes to foster homes and institutions. The
town selectmen must visit and inspect monthly all private foster hemes. The public
welfare council may inspect all child-caring agencies.
Direct relief to veterans and institutional care in the Fitch's State Soldiers'
Home are administered by the veterans' home commission. The American Legion administers State funds allocated to it from the State Soldiers', Sailors', and
Marines' Fund and the State general fund.
Juvenile Del inquents,-Juvenile courts have jurisdiction in cases involving
delinquent children. The court may commit a child to any public or private institution or agency, to the care of some reputable person, or order the child to
remain in its own home subject to the supervision of the probation officer. The
Mansfield State Training School and Hospital, the State School for Boys, and the
Long Lane Farm receive delinquents. The public welfare council must inspect all
institutions where persons are detained by compulsion. 2
Services to the Bl ind.-The State Board of Education for the Blind 111ay prepare
and maintain a register of the blind describing their condition, cause of blindness,
and capacity for education and industrial training. It may register cases of
persons whose eyesight is seriously defective and who are likely to become visuall.1
handicapped or blind; and it may take measures in cooperation with other authorities for the prevention of blindness or the conservation of eyesight. The board
may contract with institutions, individuals, and mercantile and manufacturing
establishments having facilities for the instruction of the blind, may provide
for the instruction of adult blind in their homes, &nd may aid in securing employment and provide machinery, tools, and materials for the purpose of establishing blind persons in some useful occupation.
Insane and Mental Defectives.-The Mansfield State Training Sahool and Hospital
provides care, custody, treatment, education, &nd employment for feeble-minded
and epileptic persons not violently insane or afflicted with a contagious dise&Se
who are committed by the probate or juvenile courts. The Connecticut State Hospital, the Norwich State Hospital, the Fairfield State Hospital, and the State Fara
for Inebriates provide care and treatment for insane persons connni tted by the
probate or juvenile courts.
Adult Del inquents.-The State Prison, the State Reformatory, the State Farm for
Women, and the State Prison for Women provide for the confinement and training of
adult delinquents. The Board of Pardons has jurisdiction over the granting of
commutations, releases, and pardons.
1 Tbe Publ1c Weltare Council advises and assists the Coiq,tssloner or Weltare 1n t.he adatnJatratlon or bls duties. It may Inspect almshouses and other lnstttuttons caring ror depenaenu
and take tbe necessary action to correct abuses round to eilst. The Coalsetoner or Weirare
ls empowered to cooperate with the Federal Government and the several States ln tbe proaotlOD
or acttvtttes tn tbe tleld or public welfare and to ad11lnleter any money appropriated bY tb•
Federal Government tor such purposes.

2 see dlscusston or care or dependent and neglected ch1ldren, above. ror otner p0111ers or tht
Couustoner or Welfare and tbe PubUc Welfare Council ln relation to children.

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282 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
DELAWARE
Relief and Public Asslstance.-General relief and old age assistance are administered by the State Old Age Welfare Commission. Indigent poor may be cared for
in the State Welfare Home. Airl to dependent children in their own homes is ad111inistered by the State Mothers' Pension Commission. 1
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of juvenile courts. All such children are wards of the State, and the State Board
of Charities is responsible for their placement and supervision. The State board
is authorizerl to allot funrls to certain chilrl-caring agencies and it may establish
homes and other agencies or contract with any approved agency or home for the care
of dependent or neglected minors. Any oerson or social agent conducting or supporting a home for children and all institutions supporterl in whole or in part by
public funds, receiving and caring for dependent, neglected, or delinquent minors,
are subject to investigation by the State Board of Charities. The board is e powererl to license persons or associations operating children's boarding h0111es.
The Children's llureau of Delaware is established to provide for the enforcement
of laws for protection of children, to render services to children in their own
homes, to provide for those in need of special care, to cooperate with other childcaring organizations, and to accept children committed to its care. The Detention
Rome for Juveniles receives children committed to it by juvenile courts.
Juvenile Del inquents.-Juvenile courts have jurisdiction in cases involving delinquent children. The court may allow the child to remain at home, commit it to
the care of a probation officer, or place it in a family home. Delinquent boys
may be committed to the Ferris Industrial School. Delinquent white girls maJ be
committed to the State Industrial School for Girls, and delinquent colored girls
may be committed to the State Industrial School for Colored Girls. Delinquent
children may also be committed to the Detention Home for Juveniles or to the House
of Refuge in Philadelphia, Pa. 2
Services to the Bl ind,-The State Commission for the Blind has general supervision and control of the education, training, and welfare of blind persqns.
Insane and Mental Defectives.-The State Home for the Feeble-minded provides
care and treatment for feeble-minded persons committed by the court of general
sessions of the county or juvenile court of the city of Vilmington, or admitted
under agreement between the commission for the State Rome for the Feeble-minded
and the parents, guardian, or custodians of a feeble-minded person. The State
Hospital at Farnhurst receives a person upon certification of insanity by two physicians to the superintendent of the hospital. The board of trustees of the hospital may summons a jury of six persons to determine a person's sanity. A person
so committed may appeal to the chancellor of the State, who must provide a hearing before a jury.
Adult Del inquents.-The Newcastle County Workhouse, the Kent County Jail and
Workhouse, and the Sussex County Jail and Workhouse provide for confinement and
training of arlult delinquents. The Commission on Prison Industries has charge of
occupational training of prisoners and sale of prison products. The Governor my
remit fines and forfeitures and grant pardons and reprieves, and commutations of
sentences except in cases of impeachment, but he may not grant a pardon or reprieve for more than 6 months orcommute a sentence without the written recommendation of a majority of the Board of Pardons. The State Board of Parole has
charge of the parole of prisoners and the supervision of persons on parole.
Education of the Bl ind.-The State Commission for the Blind may recommend to
the Governor that a blind child be placed in an institution for the instruction
and training of blind persons.
Maternal and Child Health.-The State Board of Charities licenses maternitJ
wards in general hospitals.
1 The State Old Age Welfare Co11111ilsston and the State Mothers' P1nslon Coutaalon ■ uat cooperate
wlth the Federal Government ln the admlnlatratlon or old age aaalst&nce and &ld to dependent
children ln tbelr own bogiea, reapectlvel.)'.
2 see dUcuaston otcare ot dependent and neglected children, &bOYe, ror powers or the Cbllc1ren 11
Bureau or Dela.ware and the State Board or CbarltUa ln relatlOD to cblldren.

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284 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
FLORIDA
Relief and Public Assistance.-General relief is administered by boards of county
commissioners, county boards of charity or county wel!are boards where established,
and city and town councils. The State Welfare Board may accept such duties as are
delegated to it by any county or municipal agency. The State board may establish
and operate almshouses, public homes, !anns, schools-, and hospitals for the indigent.
Old age assistance is administered by the State Welfare Board 1 through district
boards of social welfare. There are two programs for aid to dependent children
in their own homes. One is administered by boards of county conunissioners and the
other by the State Welfare Board through district boards of social welfare. 1\to
programs for blind assistance are similarly administered.
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of juvenile courts. The State Welfare Board, with the consent of the parents or
a guardian, may place a child in a public or private home or institution or in a
foster home. The State board may delegate activities to the district boards to
be performed under its supervision. All child welfare institutions or agencies
must meet with the standards and regulations for proper treatment and supervision
prescribed by the State board for the care of dependent children away from their
homes. Associations, institutions, or persons receiving or desiring to receive
dependent, neglected, or delinquent children must also meet standards required by
the juvenile courts. The juvenile courts cooperate with the State Welfare Board
in the board's administration of provisions f_or the care of dependent, neglected
and morally defective, and physically handicapped children.
Provisions for veterans' pensions are administered by boards of county co-issioners under the supervision of the State Board of Pensions. 2 Care of veterans
in the Old Confederate Soldiers' and Sailors' Home is administered by the board
of managers of the home, under the supervision of the Board of Connissioners of
State Institutions.
Juvenile Delinquents.-Juvenile courts have jurisdiction in cases involving
delinquent children. The court may commit a juvenile delinquent to a probation
officer, allow it to remain in its own home, or order it placed in a family home.
The child may also be committed to a private child-caring institution or association or to an institution incorporated under laws of the State or provided by a
city, county, or'the State for care of delinquent children, including the State
Industrial School for Boys and the State Indus trial School for Girls. A child
committed to an institution is subject to the control of the county judge. A
child under 18 years of age sentenced to the State Prison may ha.ve its sentence
col!llluted by the State Board of Pardons to detention in one of the industrial
schools. County boards of visitors appointed by the juvenile courts must visit
persons, societies, associations, and institutions, except State institutions,
receiving delinquent children; they manage any detention home that may be established by the board of county commissioners. 3
Insane and Mental Defectives.-The State Hospital for the Indigent Insane provides care and treatment for insane persons coD111itted by the judges of the county
or circuit courts. The State Fann Colony for Epileptics and Feeble-minded is an
asylum for the care, protection, training, segregation, and employment of the
feeble-minded and epileptics. Commitments tothe colony are made bycounty judges,
subject to acceptance by the Board of Commissioners of State Institutions. Juvenile courts must cooperate with the State Welfare Board in the board's administration of provisions for the care of mentally defective children.
Adult Del inquents.-The State Prison and State Prison Fann provide for confinement and training of adult delinquents. The State Board of Pardons may remit
fines and forfeitures, commute punishment, and grant pardons except in cases of
treason and impeachment.
1'l'be State Welrare Board aust cooperate "ltb, &nd 18 au.tbor11ed to act•• •1•nt ot, tbe Federal
OoYernaent ln publlc welfare matters or autual concern.
2 1,,d u not specltled aa a condltlon ofeltgtblllt, tor v1t11·ana 1 penalODS or for care lll tl:11
Old Confederate Soldlers' and S&llora' 8011111.

3 sae dlacuaslon or care or dependent anc1 neglected chtld"n• aboYe, tor p0111r1 or Ut.e State
Welfare Boarc1 ln relatloD to clllldren ..

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SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
GEORQU
Relief and Public Asslstance,-General relief, old age assistance, aid to dependent children in their own homes, and blind assistance are administered by the
county or district departments of public welfare under the supervision of the State
Department of Public Welfare. 1
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of the juvenile courts which may appoint advisory boards to cooperate with the
courts in matters affecting dependent, neglected, and delinquent children. The
advisory boards must visit all institutions, societies, or associations receiving
children. The State Department of Public Welfare licenses and supervises all private and localchild-caring agencies and institutions. It must cooperate with the
Federal Government, county officials, juvenile courts, and child-caring agencies
and institutions in developing services for the protection and care of homeless,
dependent, and neglected children and children in danger of becoming delinquent.
The county or district departments of public welfare must administer the care and
treatment of dependent, neglected, delinquent, and handicapped children and pass
upon all applications for admission to or discharge from county institutions. The
Georgia Industrial Home (a private institution) receives dependent and neglected
children committed to it by juvenile courts.
Direct relief to veterans is administered by county directors of public welfare
under the supervision of the State Department of Public Welfare. Veterans' pensions are administered by the State Department of Public Welfare assisted by coun,y
directors of public welfare. Care of veterans in the Confederate Soldiers' HOllle
is administered by the State Department of Public Welfare. County directors of
public welfare assist the State department in the determination of eligibility of
applicants !or admission to the home. 2
Juvenile Delinquenta,-Juvenile courts have jurisdiction in cases involving delinquent children. The court may place a child in the care of a probation officer,
allow it ·to remain in its own home, place it in a family home, or commit it to
the State Training School for Boys, the State Training &hool !or Girls, or to
any other training school for the correction, reformation, or protection of children. It may also allow proceedings tobe undertaken against the child under laws
governing the commission of crimes. 3
Services to the Bl ind.-The State Department of Public Welfare must initiate ur
cooperate with other agencies in developing measures for the prevention of blindness, the restoration of eyesight, and the vocational adjustment of blind persons.
The State department must foster employment in regular industries, independent
business, sheltered workshops, or home industry of the adult blind and their instruction in their homes. The State Factory for the Blind furnishes employment
and a home for such blind workers who desire it.
Insane and Mental Defectlves.-The State Department of Public Welfare must administer or supervise all mental hygiene work and all noninstitutional care for
the mentally ill or feeble-minded. The Milledgeville State Hospital provides care
and treatment !or the insane, epileptics, idiots, and demented inebriates committed
by the courts of ordinary. The State .Training &bool for Mental Defectives provides care and treatment !or defective persons who are unable to care for themselves. Persons may be committed by the court of ordinary or admitted by a voluntary application made to the superintendent of the school.
Adult Del lnquents,-The State Prison Commission provides for the confinement and
training of adult delinquents in prison farms and ca111ps. This commission as the
the State Board of Pardons investigates all applications for executive clemency
1nie State DepartJ11ent or Public Welrare Inspects county, 111.untclpal, and prtvate cbarltable lnstttutlons and agencies. It &1.so must cooperate with tbe Fe<leral Government and act as ltsacent
in welrare matters or mutual concern.
2 1e,d 1s not spec1r1ed as & condition or •11&1b1lit7 tor veterans• pensions or care ln tbe
Conrederate Sol<Hers 1 Hol!le.
3 see Q1scus8ton or care or dependent and neglected ohlldren, above. ror powers or &dvlsory boan1e:
or juvenile courts, tne State department, and county or district departments or public welfare
tn relation to children. The State Chlldren•s Co<1e Coulss1on studies e%1stlng laws or Georgl&
an<1 other States arrect1ng child welfare and drafts child. welfare laws to be presented to the
Legislature.

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Feder•tlon of wa.n'I
Social .19ancies, State loard of Nealth, State o.pertNnt or "1.ttilic ••Ha.re, State Federation or LaDor, State oa,.rtNnt of Education, anel State
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2The depart . . nt . . , deai9nata private iMti1utlon1 as State ins1ltutlon1, contract ■ Ith the• for actlvitlH deaeed necasaar,, and ,uparviaa and cooperate ■Itri such
lnat itut iona.
' - • • r • ot the State ,ri&on Ca-iulon constitute the State IOa.rd of ,ardons.
•• Stata-,,id.cl institution. The praaiciant of tl'la Senate and tl'le speaker or tMI Noun or Hpreaantatlwes appoint a wlaltlng COlaittae, con1l1tint of, •.e.n rro■ the
Mousa and) rroa the Senate, to inspect tl'lis and 1l ■ ilar lnatltutloM,
5
The factory is .an.111;,ed t>J ,1 Doard ,of 7 •Klars appointed DJ the Gowarnor.
The State treasurer, the State suparintandant or 1ct1ool1, tM dlractor of public . . ,.,.,..,
the Sta.ta supervisor or purct1ases, and the St11te superwi1or of wocational rehatiilitatlon are ex officio •IIOan.
•rM State Dap.1rt1111"nt of ,uolic ••Hara appo,nt1 n.cessar7 or,icara.
7
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WHa.re cooperate, in supervision of all corr.ction•l activities, includi~ operHion or all 01!!''1'11 Mid correcctonal institution• of ttla State.
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and makes recolll!llendations to the Governor. The board also has full power to establish rules and regulations tor paroling prisoners. The State Department of
Public Welfare must cooperate in the supervision ot all correctional activities
including the operation of all penal and correctional institutions of the State,
the administration of paroles, the supervision of probation services, the segregation of first offenders, and the inspection of local jails.
Crippled Chlldren.-The State Department of Public Welfare is designated as the
agency to supervise the administration of a program of services for children who
are crippled or who are suffering from conditions which lead to crippling. The
purpose of such a program is to develop, extend, and improve services for locating
such children and providing them with facilities for diagnosis, medical and surgical care, corrective services, hospitalization, and aftercare. The State department may delegate this authority to an appropriate State, county, or municipal
department or agency and may cooperate with institutions and agencies caring !or
crippled children.
Education of the Deaf, Dumb, and Bl ind.-The Academy !or the Blind and the State
&hool for the Dea! provide education for the blind and deaf youths, respectively.

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WELFARE PROVISIONS AND AGENCIES• 289
SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
IDAHO
Relief and Public Asslstance.-General relief is administered by the boards o!
county commissioners or county welfare commissions, under the supervision of the
State Department of Public Assistance. Old age assistance, aid to dependent children in their o~~ homes, and blind assistance are administered by county welfare
commissions under the supervision of the State Department of Public Assistance. 1
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of the probate courts. County welfare commissions, under the supervision of the
State Department of Public Assistance, are empowered to provide services for the
protection and care of dependent, neglected, and delinquent children and to cooperate with other State departments and agencies, with the probate courts, and
with any public or private agencies or organizations providing such services. 2 The
Children's Home Finding and Aid Society o! North Idaho, and the Children's Home
Finding and Aid Society of Idaho are child-caring agencies receiving State aid.
State aid is also given to the Salvation Anny for its child welfare activities.
Direct relief to veterans is administered by the State Veterans' Welfare Commission. Care of veterans in the State Soldiers' Home is administered by the
commandant of the home. 8
Juvenile Dellnquenta.-Probate courts have jurisdiction in cases involving delinquent children. The court may allow a child to remain in its own home, place
it in a family home, or commit it to the State Industrial Training School or other
State child-caring institution or to a county child-caring institution. The Board
of State Prison Commissioners may place any child under the age of 15 years, sentenced to the State Prison, in a school of correction, either within or outside
of the State.'
Services to the Bl ind,-The State Department o! Public Welfare bas power either
by itself or in cooperation with other agencies to develop measures for the prevention of blindness, the restoration o! eyesight, and the vocational adjustment
of blind persons.
Insane and Mental Defectlves,-The State Hospital North and the State Hospital
South provide care and treatment !or insane persons, and the State School and
Colony provides care and treatment for !eeble-minded and epileptic persons committed
by magistrates of the counties. Provisions !or the sterilization of inmates are
administered by the State Board of Eugenics. County welfare commissions have
power to furnish services !or protection and care of mentally defective children
and to cooperate with the probate courts, the State Department of Public Assistance,
and other State departments and agencies, and any public or private agencies or
organizations providing such services.
Adult Del inquents.-The State Prison provides tor confinement and tra1010g of
adult delinquents. The Board of State Prison Commissioners, in conjunction with
the State Board of Education, must prepare courses of study for prisoners. Provisions for sterilization of prisoners are administered by the State Board o!
Eugenics. The State Board o! Pardons has power to remit fines and forfeitures
and to grant commutations and pardons in all cases except treason or impeachment.
It may parole prisoners upon recommendation of the warden of the prison. The
Governor may grant respites or reprieves in all cases except treason or impeachment,
but such respites or reprieves may not extend beyond the next session of the State
Board of Pardons, when they must be passed upon by the board. The Governor may,
in cases of treason, suspend the execution o! sentence until it is acted upon by
the legislature.
ln.e State Departaent or PUbllc Aastatance has powa_r to cooperate wt tb the Federal Government
tn ■ attera or publ1c welfare, authorized by the Federal Soctal secur1t7 Act or other acts or
Conaresa. and ln the &4alnlstratlon or Federal runde granted to ald ln the tunctlons of the departaent.
8 eount1 ••l rare cont aal one hi.Ye the eame po"•r tn rel at.Ion to physlcallY de rectl Te cbUdren.
8 1••4 1• not apecUled as• condltlon or ellglblltt.7 ror care ln tbe State Soldlera• Home.
4 eee dlacuaalon or care or dependent and neglected cbtldren, above, ror powers or tbe State
Departaent or Public w11rare and count.7 welfare coulealona 1n relation to chUdren.

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WELFARE PROVISIONS AND AGENCIES• 291
SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
ILLINOIS
Relief and Public Assistance,-General relief is administered by the overseer
of ~he poor or similar officer of the respective city, town, village, or precinct,
subJect to rules and regulations prescribed by the city council, board o! trustees, board of town auditors, board o! county commissioners, or supervisors . However, in counties with a population over 500,000 (Cook County) general relief is
administered by the county bureau of public welfare under the supervision of the
State Department of Public Welfare. The State Emergency Relief Commission must
determine, on the bas is of county requisitions, the allotments of State funds made
for general relief purposes. The State Department of Public Welfare must inspect
and investigate outdoor poor relief and almshouses.
Old age assistance is administered by the county departments of public welfare
and in counties with a population over 500,000 by the county bureau of public
welfare under the supervision of the State Department of Public Welfare . Aid to
dependent children in their own homes is administered by the juvenile courts according to staooards of administration set by the State Depar t ment of Public Welfare.1 Blind assistance is administered by the boards of county commissioners or
supervisors. 1
The juvenile, circuit, or county courts have jurisdiction in cases involving
dependent and neglected children. 1 The county boards of visitation must visit
annually all institutions to which children are commi.tted by the juvenile courts ,
and report to the courts and to the State Department of Public Welfare the condition of the children cared for in such institutions. The State Soldiers' and
Sailors' Children's School rec(!ives dependent and neglected children whose fat hers
or 1110thers served in the Anny, Navy, or Marine Corps of the United States. Children 111ay also be confined in poor farms. The State Department of Public Welfare
is empowered to license home-finding associations and orphanages. The department
must investigate alld vis it almshouses and tam ily homes and examine all assoc iat ions which propose caring for dependent, neglected, or delinquent children .
Direct relief for veterans is administered by the commaooer, quartermaster, or
relief committee of the local veterans' organization, where ex is tent, in conj unction with the overseer of the poor or the county board of commissioners or superv is ors. It no sue h or·ganizat ion ex is ts in a town, a local re lief co11111i ttee adDlin is ters such aid in conjunction with the overseer of the poor. Care in the
State Soldiers' and Sailors' Home , the State Soldiers' Widows' Home, and the State
Home tor the Rehabilitation of World War Veterans is administered by the State
Department of Public Welfare through the superintendent or managing officer of the
respective institntions. Admission to the State Home for the Rehabilitation of
World War Veterans is upon voluntary application to the 111anaging officer or by
court commitment.
Juvenile Dellnquenh,-The juvenile, circuit ·, or county courts have jurisdiction
of cases involving delinquent children. The court may appoint some suitable person
or probation officer as guardian of the child and permit the child to remain in
its own ho!IE, order it placed in some suitable family home, or commit it to some
training school, industrial school, or to any institution or association incorporated under the laws of the State to care fordependent and delinquent children.
The St. Charles School for Boys and the State Training School for Girls at Geneva
2
receive delinquent children comitted by the courts.
must direct the rehaWelfare
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Department
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Service, to the
bilitation of every physically handicapped person residing in the State. The
department must visit the adult blind in their homes to instruct them in industrial
1 1 0 countlea of 500,000 or •oN population (Cook CountJ) all pOlftN, runcttona, and duttea
Included 1n tb• tera 3ociol aer1J,c1 IUff.Ction.s, are con.,oltdatld ln the county bureau of public

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2 ae 1 dtacuaston or care of dependent and neglected children, above, tor applicable p0111ra and

dutlea or tbe State DepartMnt of Public Welt&N

and county boards of Ylettatlon.

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pursuits and develop occupations. The department must employ the necessary teachers
and assistants. 11
lneane and Mental Defectlves.-The Elgin, Kankakee, Jacksonville, Anna, East
Moline, Peoria, Chicago, Al.ton, Manteno, and Dixon State Hospitals care for insane
persons. The Lincoln State School and Colony cares !or feeble-minded persons.
The State Colony for Improvable Epileptics cares for persons suffering from epilepsy or other mental disease. Commitments to these institutions are made by the
county courts and in some instances by voluntary agreement.
Adu It Del lnquents,-The Illinois State Penitentiary, State Reformatory for 1'/omen
at Dwight, and the State Farm at Vandalia provide confinement and training for
adult delinquents. Insane delinquents are cared for in the psychiatric division
of the Illinois State Penitentiary. The board of parole, in the State Department
of Public Welfare, exercises jurisdiction over the granting of paroles and is
charged with supervision and aftercare of paroled persons.
Crippled Chi I dren.-The State Surgical Institute for Crippled Children receives
children upon coaunitment by the county courts. The State commission for physically
handicapped children promotes special classes, special instruction, vocational
guidance, training, placement, and medical diagnosis and treatment of all physically
handicapped children, including those crippled or deformed. 3
Deaf, Dcab, and Bl lnd.-The State &bool !or the Blind and the State School for
the Deaf provide education for the deaf, dumb, and blind and promote the intellectual, moral,and physical culture of these persons to fit them !or earning their
own livelihood and for future usefulness in society. 11 The State Industrial Home
for the Blind is maintained for the purpose of promoting the welfare of the blind
by teaching them trades and affording them a home and such employment as best
tends to make them self-supporting and consequently independent. The State Eye
and Ear Infirmary provides board and medical and surgical treatment for indigent
persons afflicted with diseases of the eye and ear.
3
'tb.e State co•1aslon tor pb7stca117 bandlcapped children coordlnates the actlY1ttea of the
State Depart■ ents of Public Welfare, Publlc Instructlon, and Public Health as such relate to all
handicapped chlldra. tncludtn1 those crtpplad or deformed, bllnd, or dear. The com1tsaton net
pro■ote vocatton&l gutdanc,, tralntna, p1ace1Hnt, etc.;" must promote epeelal claaaea and 1netruct1on; 1111at atlaulate and coordinate all pr1Yate and pubUc 1rtort1 relattYe to the care, treat■ ent,

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294 • STATE PUBLIC WELFARE LEGISLATION
SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WE~FARE
INDIANA
Relief and Pub! ic Aasistance.-General relief is administered by township overseers of the poor. The Governor's Coo1uission on Unen,ployment Relief coordinates
and assists the several agencies of the State engaged in the relief of the unemployed and investigates the administration of relief by township overseers. Old
age assistance is administered by county or district departments of public welfare
under the supervision of the division of public assistance of the State Departllient
of Public Welfare. 1
Aid to dependent children in their own homes and foster care of destitute childreu who do not need to be declared public wards are administered by county or
district departments of public welfare. The division of public assistance of the
State department supervises aid to dependent children, and the children's division
of that department supervises the care of destitute children.
Blind assistance is administered by the State department, through its division
of public assistance, assisted by county or district departments of public welfare.
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of juvenile courts. The State Department of Public Welfare, children's division,
administers or supervises all public child welfare services. The division licenses
and must inspect private child-caring agencies and supervises and inspects local
public child-caring agencies, institutions, and boarding homes. It wust also
supervise the care of dependent and neglected children placed in family homes or
institutions. The county or district departments of public welfare under tile
supervision of the State Department of Public Welfare, children's division, a.dminister care and treatment of dependent and neglected children and may, with the
permission of the juvenile court, commit a child to an orphan asylum or, under
order of the court,rnayindenture a child as an apprentice. Dependent and neglected
children may be made wards of the board oi county collllllissioners whicn represents
children placed in institutions, homes, or agencies. Dependent and neglected bo)~
may be co,umitted to the State Boys' School.
Orphans and children of veterans and nurses who served in wars lilAY be admitted
to the State Soldiers' and Sailors I Children's Home, upon application to the board
of trustees of the home by a parent or guardian. Care of veterans in the State
Soldiers' Home is administered by the board of trustees of the home.
Juvenile Delinquents.-Juvenile courts have jurisdiction in cases involving delinquent children. The court may allow a child to remafo at home, place it in a
private home, make it a ward of the county or a probation officer, or COflllllit it
to the State Boys' School or State Girls' School, or to any other State penal or
reformatory institution authorized to receive children. The court may, when health
or conditions require, cause the child to be placed in a public hospital or institution for treatment or special care. Administration of probation by the juvenile
court is supervised by the State Probation Commissiou. 2
Services to the Bl ind.-The State Board of Industrial Aid for the Blind 111ust
maintain a register of the blind, describing conditions, causes of blindness, and
capacity for education and industrial training of each blind person in the State.
The board must act as a bureau of information and industrial aid to assist the
blind to find employment and to market their products. It may establish and lllaintain both schools for industrial training of adult blind and workshops for their
employment; it may also pay wages and distribute products of the blind. The board
may promote visits among the blind in their homes and cooperate with the State
library in circulation of books to the blind. The board must investigate causes
of blindness and cooperate with the State board of health in adopting and enforcing
preventive measures.
1The State department, <1lvtS1on or mea1ca1 care, aust supervlae the operation or all &genctea
caring tor dependent. mentally or physlcally handicapped, or aged adults, and. approve th• tncorporatton ot chart table agencies. The State Department or Public Welfare ls d.estgnated as tbe
State agency to cooperate wtth the Federal Oovernnientln the ad11.lnlatrat1onot the Federal Soctal
Security Act, and to act as agentot the Federal Government 1n the adalntatratton or Federal tunas

Car public "eltare an(l ln all ..-e1tare matters or mutual concern.
2 see d1scusslon or care at dependent and neg1ect1c1 children, above, tor s>o"er• ot tbe State
department and county or dlstr1ct departments of public welfare, and boardaot oount1 CODlsalontra
ln relation to ch1ldren.

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Insane and Mental Defectives.-Care and treatment of insane persons COffilllitted
by circuit or superior courts are provided in the Central, Richmond, Logansport,
Evansville, and Madison State Hospitals for the Insane. The Fort Wayne School
for Feeble-minded Children with both a custodial and an educational depart111ent
provides care and treatment of children and women committed by circuit courts.
The Muscatatuck Colony for Feeble-minded and the State Village for Epileptics
provide care and treatment for feeble-minded and epileptic persons, respectively,
committed by circuit courts.
Adult Del inquents.-The division of corrections of the State Department of Public
Welfare must s.upervise all correctional activities, including paroles, inspection
of local jails, and the recommendation of clemency to the State Commission on
Clen1ency. The State Commission on Clemency must examine petitions to the Governor
for pardon or parole, other than temporary parole. The State Probation Commission
supervises administration of juvenile and adult probation in all courts of the
State. The State Prison, the State Farm, the State Reformatory, and the State
Women's Prison and House of Correction provide for confinement and training of
adult delinquents.
Crippled Children.-TheState Department of Public Welfare must administer services to crippled children, including services for locating crippled children and
providing medical, surgical, corrective, and other care, and facilities for diagnosis, hos pi talizat ion, and aftercare for children who are crippled or who are
suffering from conditions which lead to crippling. Such children may be placed
in a hospital approved by the State department or in the James Whitcomb Riley
Hospital for Children. 3 Children may be admitted to this hospital upon commitment
by any circuit, criminal, or juvenile court, or by application of the State Department of Public Welfare upon recommendation of the county or district board of
public welfare.
Vocational Rehabi Ii tat ion.-The State Department of Public Welfare must cooperate
with county departments of public·welfare and the children's bureau of the United
States Department of Labor together with other State agencies charged with the
administration of State laws for vocational rehabilitation o! physically handicapped children.
Education of the Deaf, Du■b, and Bllnd.-The State School forthe Blind and the
State School for the Deaf provide academic and industrial instruction of blind,
and deaf and dumb children, respectively. Applications for admission are made to
the boards o! trustees.
Tuberculars.-The State Sanatorium provides care and treatment for tuberculars
admitted upon application to the board of trustees of the sanatorium.
3 Tbe Jaaea Wbttco■b RU•7 Hospital ls contro11ec1b7 the boardot truateeaot the Btat1unlYerslt7.

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WELFARE PROVISIONS AND AGENCIES• 297
SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
IOWA
Rel lef and Pub I ic Assistance,-General relief is administered by the county
boards of supervisors or township trustees as overseers of the poor. The State
Emergency Relief Administration allocates State funds to counties. Old age assistance and blind assistance are administered by the State Department of Social Welfare assisted by the county boards of social welfare. The juvenile courts administer aid to dependent children in their own homes.
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of juvenile courts. The State Department of Social Welfare through the subdivision
of child welfare supervises all public child welfare services and all private
child-caring agencies and institutions. County boards of supervisors must appoint
suitable persons to care for destitute orphans; they supervise and govern county
homes admitting children. The State Juvenile Home and the State Soldiers' Orphans'
Horne care for dependent and neglected children.
Direct relief to veterans is administered by county soldiers' relief commissions.
Veterans and their wives or widows are admitted to the State Soldiers' Home by
the State Board of Control of State Institutions upon the certification of residence by the county board of supervisors.
Juvenile Dellnquents,-The juvenilecourt has jurisdictionoverdelinquent children. The court may continue the proceedings from time to time and commit the
child to the care and custody of a probation official or other suitable person.
It may commit the child to a family home, allow it to remain in its own home, or
commit it to any institution in the State, incorporated and maintained for the
purpose of caring for such children; or it may cause the child to be placed in a
public or State hospital !or treatment or special care, or in a private hospital
which will receive it. The court may also commit delinquent children to the State
Juvenile Home, the State Training School for Boys, or the State Training School
for Girls. 1
Services to the Bl ind,-The State Commission for the Blind has the following
duties: to ·act as a bureau of information and industrial aid for the blind; to
assist the blind in finding employment; to maintain a complete register of the
blind; to teach them trades; and to give such assistance as may be necessary or
advisable to help the adult blind market their products. The commission may establish workshops for the employment of the blind.
Insane and Mental Defectives,-The Cherokee, Clarinda, In~ependence, and Mount
Pleasant State Hospitals for the Insane provide care and treatment for insane
persons, and the State Hospital and Colony !or Epileptics and Feeble-minded provides care and treatment for epileptic and feeble-minded persons. The county
commissions of insanity have jurisdiction over all applications for commitment
to these institutions. The State Institution for Feeble-minded Children provides
training, instruction, care, and support for feeble-minded children voluntarily
admitted upon application of the parents, guardian, or county attorney or upon
commitment by the courts. The State Psychopathic Hospital cares for persons suffering from some abnormal mental condition that can probably be remedied by observation, by medical or surgical treatment, and by hospital•care. 2 Recommendations
for sterilization may be made by the State Board of Eugenics. An appeal from
such recommendation may be made to the district court.
Adult Dellnquente,-The State Penitentiary, Men's Reformatory, and the Women's
Reformatory provide confinement and training for adult delinquents. The State
Board of Parole, on recommendation of the trial judge and prosecuting attorney,
may parole, after sentence and before co11H11itment, prisoners who have not been
previously convicted of a felony or sentenced for a term of life imprisonment.
The State Board of Parole may parole prisoners after commitment, provided they
are not sening a life term or under sentence of death and are not infected with
a communicable venereal disease.
Care of Tuberculare.-The State Sanatorium provides care and treatment for residents of the State afflicted with pulmonary tuberculosis.
lsee dtacusaton ot care ot dependent and neglected children, above, tor power• of the State
Departaent or &octal Welfare tn relation to cbUdren.
2.rbe State Pa7cllopatblc Roapl tal la controlllG and ■ ana1ad b7 tll• State Soard or !ducatlon.

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WELFARE PROVISIONS AND AGENCIES• 299
SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
KANSAS
Relief and Public Assistance,-General relief, old age assistance, aid to dependent children in their own homes, and blind assistance are administered by'the county
boards of social welfare under the supervision of the State Board of Social Welfare. 1
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of juvenile courts. The State Board of Social Welfare must develop a child welfare
service program and administer or supervise child welfare activities, including
those undertaken by private agencies and all activities of the county boards of
social welfare. The board is also empowered to license child-caring agencies.
The county boards of social welfare may find suitable homes for dependent children
referred to them by the courts and supervise children so placed. The county boards
supervise county parental homes caring for dependent, neglected, or delinquent
children. The State Boardof Administration controls the State Orphans' Home which
receives dependent and neglected children and has power of visitation, inspection,
and supervision over all child-caring institutions and associations.
Veteran relief is administered by the county boards of social welfare under
supervision of the State Board of Social Welfare. Care in the State Soldiers'
Home and Mother Bickerdyke Annex is administered by the board of managers of the
home.
Juvenile Oel inquents.-The juvenile courts have jurisdiction of cases involving
delinquent children. The court may commit such children to the State Industrial
School for Boys, the State Industrial School for Girls, or to any suitable institution, or allow them to remain at home subject to the control of a probation officer,
or may authorize such children to be boarded out in a family home. The county
boards of social welfare may find suitable homes for delinquent children referred
to them by the courts and supervise children so placed. 2
Services to the Blind,-The State Board of Social Welfare must initiate or cooperate with other agencies in developing programs for prevention of blindness,
restoration of eyesight, and vocational rehabilitation of blind persons. It may
also create a department for the blind within the State board. The State Institution for the Education of the Blind conducts a summer school from June 1 to
September l for the educational instruction and vocational training of adult blind
persons.
Insane and Mental Oefect lves.-The county probate courts have jurisdiction in
cases involving insane and other defective persons. The probate judge must apply
for the admission of an insane person to a State hospital for the insane and all
applications for admission to any of the institutions under the State Board of
Administration must be made to the board. The Topeka, Osawatomie, and Larned State
Hospitals care for insane persons. The State Training School cares for feebleminded, idiotic, and imbecile youths. The State Hospital for Epileptics provides
care and treatment for epileptics. 3
Adult Del inquents,-The State Penitentiary, State Industrial Reformatory, and
State Industrial Farm for Women provide for confinement and training of adult delinquents. The State Prison Board fixes the conditions for the parole or release
of prisoners.
Crippled Children.-The State Orphans' Home cares for crippled children.•
Deaf, Dumb, and Bl lnd,-The State Institution for the Education of the Deaf and
the State Institution for the Education of the Blind provide education for deaf
and blind youths, respectively.
Tubercul ars,-The State Sanatorium for Tuberculosis provides care and treatment
for citizens of the State suffering from tuberculosis.
1the State Board or Soctal Welfare 11uat cooperate wttb the Feder&l Oovern■ ent tn any prograa
pro'Y1d1ng Federal rtna.nclal aastatance tn the rteld or soctal welfare.
2see dtacuaston or care or dependent and neglected children, above, tor powera or the State
Board or social Welfare tn relation to children.
3courta e1orciein1 cr1■ inal Jurtsdiction llllJ coutt lnaane and eptlept1c persona to tbe State
As71u11 tor the D&ngerous Insane located at the State Penttenttar:,.
'The state un1Yeralt7 bosp·ttal proYtdea care and treatment tor crippled cblldren. The State
Crippled Children's Couiaaion, appointed b:,- tbe Governor, must cooperate •1th the State Departaenta or Agrtculture, Education, and Heal.tband with &11 other persona and &genctea interested
1n the dtacover7, care, and educatlon or crippled cbUdren. Tb.e commission baa power to approve
or dlaapproYe boapttale and bo1us provtdln1 aerYtces to crippled children.

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SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
KENTUCKY
Relief and Public Asslstance.-General relief and blind assistance are administered by the county courts under the supervision of the State Department of Welfare. 1 Old age assistance is administered by the State Department of Welfare.
Aid todependent children in their own hornes is administered by county children's
bureaus or by county welfare departments, if established, under the supervision
of the division of child welfare in the State Departrnent of Welfare.
Cases involving dependent and neglected children corne within the jurisdiction
of the j nvenile courts. The State Department of Welfare is empowered to administer
and supervise all child-caring activities including the inspection of all public
and private child-caring agencies; the department is empowered to license childcaring agencies and must supervise the work and methods of all institutions, associations, orsocieties receiving State aid. The department may provide care for
such children as inay be committed to it. The county children's bureaus must perform such child welfare activities as may be requested by the division of child
welfare in the State Department of Welfare or by the county fiscal court or county
judge. They must obtain for dependent, neglected, delinquent, and defective children the benefits of the laws relating to child welfare. The Louisville and
Jef!erson County Children's Horne receives dependent and neglected children comJDitted toit by juvenile courts. Private State-aided agencies receiving and placing
children include the Children's Horne Society for White Children and the Children's
Hore Society for Colored Children.
Confederate pensions are administered by the division of Confederate pensions
in the State Military Department,assisted by the county judges. The State Department of Welfare is empowered to contract for the care of Confederate veterans.
Juvenile Delinquents.-Juvenile courts havejurisdiction in cases involving delinquent children. The court may allow proceedings against the child under the
criminal law and transfer the case to the court exercising such jurisdiction, or
it may allow the child toremain in its own home, subject to visitation of a probation officer, or commit it to any State, county, or city institution caring for
delinquent children. The House of Reform for Boys, the House of Reform for Girls,
and the Louisville and Jefferson County Children's Home provide care and training
for delinquent children. 2
Service, to the Blind.-The State School for the Blind must direct vocational
education, training, and employment of adult blind.
Insane and Mental Defectlves.-The Ea.stern, Western, and Central State Hospitals
for the Insane and the State Feeble-minded Institute provide care and treatment
for insane, feeble-minded,and epileptic persons committed by the circuit courts.
Drug addicts, upon agreement to remain 6 months or longer, may be voluntarily
acll11itted to any of the State institutions caring for persons of unsound mind.
Adult Dellnquents,-The State Penitentiary and the State Reformatory provide
for the confinement, labor, and training of adult delinquents. The State Department of Welfare receives and considers all applications for paroles and has the
power of refusal. Paroles may not be granted, however, with out the approval of
the Governor.
1,fbe State Department or Welfare ta empowered to adm1nlater and auoervlae all toru of public
aaalstance, organize and supervise county "eltare departments., and assist otber departments,
agencies, and ln.atltutlons or tne State and rederal Oovernaenta. It ■ust ,ct as agent or the

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tbe Stat• O.pa,rt111nt or Welfare, and tbe countJ' cblldren•a burea1&a ln rel&tlon to cbUdren.

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SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
LOUISIANA
Relief and Public Asai stance.-General relief, old age assistance, aid to dependent children in their own homes, andblind assistance are administered by the
State Department of Public Welfare through the parish departments of public welfare.1 The State Hospital Board must provide care and treatment for indigent
sick persons in public and private hospitals and other institutions, and it must
also provide treatment after hospitalization. '!'be Northeast Louisiana Charity
Hospital, the ShreYeport Charity Hospital, the New Orlenns Charity Hospital, and
the Baton Rouge Charity Hospital have been established for the treatment of indigent persons.
Cases involving dependent and neglected children come within the jurisdiction
of the Juvenile courts which report to the State Board of Charities and Corrections
concerning the disposition of such children. The parish departments of public
welfare, under the supervision of the State Department of Public Welfare, administer
care and treatment to dependent, neglected, delinquent, and handicapped children.
The State Board of Charities and Corrections has supervisory and visitorial powers
over all State, local, and private institutions of a charitable or penal nature.
The Industrial School for Girls provides care for dependent and neglected girls.
Veterans' pensions are administered by the State Department of Public Welfare.
Care of veterans in the State Soldiers' Home is administered by the board of directors of the bome. 2
Juvenile Del inquents.-Juvenile courts have jurisdiction in cases involving delinquent children. Delinquent boys may be committed to the State Training Institute
and delinquent girls, to the State Industrial School for Girls. 3
Services to the Blind.-The State Board for the Blind must maintain a register
of the blind describing the condition, cause of blindness, and capacity for education and industrial training of each blind person. The board acts as a bureau of
information and industrial aid for the blind in order to assist in finding employment, to teach trades, and to assist in marketing products. It must give home
instruction, and itm111 provide vocational training, establish workshops, and pay
wages for work therein. It must make inquiries concerning the causes of blindness
to ascertain what proportion of such cases is preventable, and it must cooperate
with other agencies in the adoption and enforcement of preventive measures.
Insane and Mental Defect_ives.-The East Louisiana State Hospital and the Central
Louisiana State Hospital provide care and treatment for insane persons committed
by district courts. The State Colony and Training School for Feeble-minded provides
care and treatment for feeble-minded persons committed by district or parish courts
or admitted upon proper application.
Adu It Del inquenh.-The State Penitentiary provides for confinement and training
of adult delinquents. The State Board of Parole •bas charge of the parole of prisoners. The Governor has power to grant reprieves and may, except in cases of
impeachment or treason, upon recommendation of the lieutenant governor, the attorney general, and the presiding judge of the court before which the conviction was
obtained, or any two of them, commute sentences and remit fines and forfeitures.
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SUMMARY OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR PUBLIC WELFARE
MAINE
Rel lef and Pub I le Auistance,-General relief is administered by city, town, or
plantation overseers of the poor. The State Department of Health and Welfare must
investigate and inspect all systems of public charity and public institutions.
Old age assistance is administered by the old age assistance commission in the
State Department of Health and Welfare. Aid to dependent children in their own
homes is administered by the State Department of Health and Welfare assisted by
municipal boards of child welfare. Blind assistance is administered by the State
Department of Health and Welfare.
Cases involving dependent and neglected children cane within the jurisdiction
of probate courts and municipal courts . The State Department of Health and Welfare
may provide care for such children. It must also investigate the condition and
management of all institutions and agencies receiving public support, and it is
empowered to license child-caring agencies. 1 The State Military and Naval Children's Home provides care and education for poor and neglected children of the
State with preference being given to children of soldiers and sailors.
Direct relief to veterans is administered by the overseers of the poor and pensions by the State Department of Health and Welfare.
Juvenile Del inquents.-Probate courts of cities or municipal courts of towns
or cities have jurisdiction in cases involving delinquent children. The court
may place such a child in the custody of a probation officer, or an agent of the
State Department of Heal th and We Hare. The court may also cofflllli t sue h a child
to the State School for Boys or the State School for Girls. 2
lnaane and Mental Defect ives,-The Bangor State Hospital and Augusta State Hosp ital provide care and treatment for insane persons coffllllitted by the municipal
officers who constitute a board of examiners. The Pownal State School provides
care and training for idiots and feeble-minded persons cC11U11itted by the probate
judges who may also coffllllit insane persons to the State hospitals. Sterilization
of any insane or feeble-minded person may be ordered by the COfflllliss ioner of the
State Department of Health and Welfare.
Adult Del inquenta.-The State Prison, the State Reformatory for Men, and the
State Reformatory :for Women provide fort he confinement and training of delinquent
adults. The State parole board has authority to grant or revoke paroles. The
State Department of Health and Welfare must establish standards and procedures for
t>arole and supervise the parole of inmates of State penal and correctional inst it at ions .
Crippled Children,-The State Department of Health and Welfare, through its bureau of health, is authorized to administer and supervise a program of services
:for children who are crippled or who are suffering from conditions which lead to
crippling. 3
Education of the Deaf, Dullll, and 81 ind,-The State School for the Deaf is devoted
to the education and instruction of deaf and dumb children. With the consent of
the parents or guardians, the State Department of Health and Welfare may admit
any deaf and dumb child who is a resident of the State. The department licenses
and supervises State-aided institutions for defectives. The Maine Institution
for the Blind receives State aid from the bureau of social welfare of the State
Department of Health and Welfare.'
Tuberculara,-The Central, Northern, and Western State Sanatoriums for Treatment of TuberculosiiJ admit residents of the State suffering from tuberculosis
1 the State Department or Health and we1ran through lta bureau or soclal
•e1rare u authortzed
to cooperate wltb the federal 0overn11ent ln establlshtng , eztendtng, and etrengthenlng child
wel rare aerv1cee ror tb• protect ton and care or bo1&eleas. dependent, and neglected Cblldren, and
Cblldren ln danger or b•co■ tng dellnquent.
2 see dtacusalon or care or dependent and neglected cblldren,
above, ror po,,era or the State
Depart•nt or Health and Welfare ln relation to Chlldren.
3 Tbe purpose or the program ts to develop, eztend, and hnproYe services tor locattng such chndren, to provtde for 11edtca1, aurgtcal, corrective, and other services and care, and to provide
ractlltlla tor dtagnoats, bospitallzatton, and aftercare.
41 The Oo•ernor • 7 also provtde rorthe edu~atJon or bllnd children either wtthln or without the
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1
h11 l a• lut .. a lded lnult11tlon. ,t, •Jorlt1 of tl'le ooant
of cllr~tor, -.11 •• a,polnt.cl bf tM tovernor •• a condition
for rK•l•IAO state aid ,
1 .ldahilaur 9enera1
r11 let .
1

ca-,o...S of , _ •v•r . . •r• o f t~• poor , •• •'fir.lo. 1,111'••• •
c,\y, a \e..,, or a .,.,,,a,lo• •rovl . . , for • •Mclal DoarG,

I ElectedJ

-ICIPAI. 80ARO
OF CHI lD IIEI.FAAE 1

I

I

STATE REFOfMA TORY

STATE PAISON

FOR MEH and STATE

cwa.-d• n I

R