Full text of Securities Act of 1933
The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.
73d CONGRESS. [CHAPTER 38.] May 27, 1033. [H.R. 5480.] [Public, No. 22.] Securities Aet of 933. Post p. 1026. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. AN ACT To provide full and fair disclosure of the character of securities sold in interstate and foreign commerce and through the mails, and to prevent frauds in the sale thereof, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, TITLE I SHORT TITLE Title cited. SECTION 1. This title may be cited as the " Securities Acf of 1933 ". DEFINITIONS Definitions. "security. iPost P. 905. "Person." "Trust." "SaIl," etc. SEC. 2. When used in this title, unless the context otherwise requires(1) The term "security" means any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in any profit-sharing agreement, collateral-trust certificate, preorganization certificate or subscription, transferable share, investment contract, voting-trust certificate, certificate of interest in property, tangible or intangible, or, in general, any instrument commonly known as a security, or any certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, receipt for, or warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing. (2) The term " person" means an individual, a corporation, a partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, a trust, any unincorporated organization, or a government or political subdivision thereof. As used in this paragraph the term "trust" shall include only a trust where the interest or interests of the beneficiary or beneficiaries are evidenced by a security. (3) The term " sale ", "sell ", "offer to sell ", or offer for sale shall include every contract of sale or disposition of, attempt or offer to dispose of, or solicitation of an offer to buy, a security or interest reliminaries not in- in a security, for value; except that such terms shall not include preliminary negotiations or agreements between an issuer and any Seemity given with purchase considered underwriter. part of subject. Issue of security with right to convert. When conversion right exersed Any security given or delivered with, or as a bonus on account of, any purchase of securities or any other thing, shall be conclusively presumed to constitute a part of the subject of such purchase and to have been sold for value. The issue or transfer of a right or privilege, when originally issued or transferred with a security, giving the holder of such security the right to convert such security into another security of the same issuer or of another person, or giving a right to subscribe to another security of the same issuer or of another person, which right cannot be exercised until some future date, shall not be deemed to be a sale of such other security; but the issue or transfer of such other security upon the exercise of such right of conversion or subscription shall be deemed a sale of such other security. "Isser." (4) The term " issuer " means every person who issues or proposes to issue any security or who guarantees a security either as to principal or income; except that with respect to certificates of deposit, voting-trust certificates, or collateral-trust certificates, or with respect to certificates of interest or shares in an unincorporated investment trust not having a board of directors (or persons performing similar functions) or of the fixed, restricted management, or unit type, the 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. 75 MAY 27, 1933. term " issuer" means the person or persons performing the acts and assuming the duties of depositor or manager pursuant to the provisions of the trust or other agreement or instrument under which such s.quipment-trust securities are issued; and except that with respect to equipment-trust certificates or like securities, the term " issuer " means the person by whom the equipment or property is or is to be used. (5) The term " Commission means the Federal Trade Colmmis- sion. (6) The term " Territory " means Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico. the Philippine Islands, Canal Zone, the Virgin Islands, and the insular possessions of the United States. (7) The term "interstate commerce" "''onmisiou." "Territory." means trade or commerce m"Interestate com in securities or any transportation or communication relating thereto among the several States or between the District of Columbia or any Territory of the United States and any State or other Territory, or between any foreign country and any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or within the District of Columbia. (8) The term " registration statement " means the statement pro- nRegistration stat. vided for in section 6, and includes any amendment thereto and any Post, p- 78 report, document, or memorandum accompanying such statement or incorporated therein by reference. (9) The term "write " or " written " shall include printed, litho- terite" graphed, or any means of graphic communication. (10) The term " prospectus" means any prospectus, notice, circu- or "writ- "Prospectus." lar, advertisement, letter, or communication, written or by radio, which offers any security for sale; except that (a) a communication Exceptions. shall not be deemed a prospectus if it is proved that prior to such communication a written prospectus meeting the requirements of PP 81' 95. section 10 was received, by the person to whom the communication was made, from the person making such communication or his principal, and (b) a notice, circular, advertisement, letter, or comlnunication in respect of a security shall not be deemed to be a prospectus if it states from whom a written prospectus meeting the requiremlenlts of section 10 may be obtained and, in addition, does no more than identify the security, state the price thereof, and state by whoml orders will be executed. (11) Thle term "underwriter" means any person who has purchased froim an issuer with a view to, or sells for an issuer in connection with, the distribution of any security, or participates or has a direct or indirect participation in any such undertaking, or participates or has a participation in the direct or indirect underwrit- ing of any such undertaking; but such term shall not include a person whose interest is limited to a commission from an underwriter or dealer not in excess of the usual and customary distributors' or sellers' commission. As used in this paragraph the term "issuer'' shall include, in addition to an issuer, any person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by the issuer, or any person under direct or indirect common control with the issuer. (12) The term " dealer " means any person who engages either for nde'"rriter" Personnotincluded. "issuer." "Deal." all or part of his time, directly or indirectly, as agent, broker, or principal, in the business of offering, buying, selling, or otherwise dealing or trading in securities issued by another person. EXEMPTEID SECURITIES SEc. 3. (a) Except as hereinafter expressly provided, the provi- tiem od sions of this title shall not apply to any of the following classes of securities: se u i. 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. (1) Any security which, prior to or within sixty days after the enactment of this title, has been sold. or disposed of by the issuer or ofl ering e- bona fide offered to the public, but this exemption shall not apply to any new offering of any such security by an issuer or underwriter Prior sale. New subsequent to such sixty days; (2) Any security issued or guaranteed by the United States or any Territory thereof, or by the District of Columbia, or by any State of the United States, or by any political subdivision of a State or bSec itiestarteed State, or political sub division, etc. ost, p. 908. Territory, or by any public instrumentality of one or more States or Government rations. corpo- National, etc., banks. Federalreservebank obligations. Territories exercising an essential governmental function, or by any corporation created and controlled or supervised by and acting as an instrumentality of the Government of the United States pursuant to authority granted by the Congress of the United States, or by any national bank, or by any banking institution organized under the laws of any State or Territory, the business of which is substantially confined to banking and is supervised by the State or territorial banking commission or similar official; or any security issued by or representing an interest in or a direct obligation of a Federal reserve Current transactions. bank; (3) Any note, draft, bill of exchange, or banker's acceptance which arises out of a current transaction or the proceeds of which have been or are to be used for current transactions, and which has a maturity at the time of issuance of not exceeding nine months, exclusive of days of grace, or any renewal thereof the maturity of Religious, etc., organ- which is likewise limited; Short-termpaper. (4) Any security issued by a corporation organized and operated exclusively for religious, educational, benevolent, fraternal, chari- izations. assiatiinse le associations, etc,adwhere business substntially table, or reformatory purposes and not for pecuniary profit, and no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any person, private stockholder, or individual; (5) Any security issued by a building and loan association, home- stead association, savings and loan association, or similar institution, substantially all the business of which is confined to the making of loans to members (but the foregoing exemption shall not apply with respect to any such security where the issuer takes from the total amount paid or deposited by the purchaser, by way of any fee, cash value or other device whatsoever, either upon termination of the investment at maturity or before maturity, an aggregate amount in tives.armers' cooera- excess of 3 per centum of the face value of such security), or any Exception. Vol.47pp,rp.w3,1 security issued by a farmers' cooperative association as defined in paragraphs (12), (13), and (14) of section 103 of the Revenue Act of 1932; cmoncarier. (6) Any security issued by a common carrier which is subject to .s.o., p.1lro. CertEiates in etcAty Peos, the provisions of section 20a of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended; baik- contrac p. Om. () Certificates issued by a receiver or by a trustee in bankruptcy, rwith prods the approval of the court; , (8) Any insurance or endowment policy or annuity contract or optional annuity contract, issued by a corporation subject to the supervision of the insurance commissioner, bank commissioner, or any agency or officer performing like functions of any State or Addittionl es Territory of the United States or the District of Columbia. (b) The Commission may from time to time by its rules and regulations, and subject to such terms and conditions as may be prescribed therein, add any class of securities to the securities exempted as pro- vided in this section, if it finds that the enforcement of this title with respect to such securities is not necessary in the public interest and for the protection of investors by reason of the small amount 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. 77 MAY 27, 1933. involved or the limited character of the public offering; but no issue Restriction. of securities shall be exempted under this subsection where the aggregate amount at which such issue is offered to the public exceeds $100,000. EXEMPTED TRAN'SACTIONS SEC. 4. The provisions of section 5 shall not apply to any of the following transactions: (1) Transactions by any person other than an issuer, underwriter, or dealer; transactions by an issuer not with or through an underwriter and not involving any public offering; or transactions by a dealer (including an underwriter no longer acting as an underwriter in respect of the security involved in such transaction), except transactions within one year after the last date upon which the security was bona fide offered to the public by the issuer or by or through an underwriter (excluding in the computation of such year any time during which a stop order issued under section 8 is in effect as to the security), and except transactions as to securities constituting the whole or a part of an unsold allotment to or subscription by such dealer as a participant in the distribution of such securities by the issuer or by or through an underwriter. (2) Brokers' transactions, executed upon customers' orders on any exchange or in the open or counter market, but not the solicitation of such orders. (3) The issuance of a security of a person exchanged by it with its existing security holders exclusively, where no commission or other remuneration is paid or given directly or indirectly in connection with such exchange; or the issuance of securities to the existing security holders or other existing creditors of a corporation in the process of a bona fide reorganization of such corporation under the supervision of any court, either in exchange for the securities of such security holders or claims of such creditors or partly for cash and partly in exchange for the securities or claims of such security holders or creditors. transac- Exempted tions. By individuals. Post, p. 906. Post, p. 79. Brokers' tions. transac- Issuance of securities to existing security holders, creditors, etc. PROHIIITIONS RELATING TO INTERSTATE COMMERCE AND TIIE MAILS SEC. 5. (a) Unless a registration statement is in effect as to a security, it shall be unlawful for any person, directly or indirectly(1) to make use of any means or instruments of transportation or communication in interstate commerce or of the mails Prohibition relating and the mails. bro Transmissin ouf ker's ropectus, etc. to sell or offer to buy such security through the use or medium of any prospectus or otherwise; or (2) to carry or cause to be carried through the mails or in interstate commerce, by any means or instruments of transporta- suc Transporting for sale or delivery after sale. security tion, any such security for the purpose of sale or for delivery after sale. U lawful (b) It shall be unlawful for any person, directly or indirectly- (1) to make use of any means or instruments of transportation or communication in interstate commerce or of the mails to carry or transmit any prospectus relating to any security registered under this title, unless such prospectus meets the requirements of section 10; or (2) to carry or to cause to be carried through the mails or in tn torasrelating eitered security. Prospectus to p #, ecrity. interstate commerce any such security for the purpose of sale or for delivery after sale, unless accompanied or preceded by a prospectus that meets the requirements of section 10. (c) The provisions of this section relating to the use of the mails , w,.p.a shall not apply to the sale of any security where the issue of which 78 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. it is a part is sold only to persons resident within a single State or Territory, where the issuer of such securities is a person resident and doing business within, or, if a corporation, incorporated by and doing business within, such State or Territory. REGISTRATION OF ,SECURITIES Registration ofsecur- ities and signing of registation stateent. AND SIGNING OF REGISTRATION STATEMENT SE. 6. (a) Any security may be registered with the Commission under the terms and conditions hereinafter provided, by filing a regis- tration statement in triplicate, at least one of which shall be signed by each issuer, its principal executive officer or officers, its principal financial officer, its comptroller or principal accounting officer, and the majority of its board of directors or persons performing similar functions (or, if there is no board of directors or persons performing similar functions, by the majority of the persons or board having the Territn power of management of the issuer), and in case the issuer is a riagO ers foreign or Territorial person by its duly authorized representative in the United States; except that when such registration statement Security of foreign relates to a security issued by a foreign government, or political subsignatures. division thereof, it need be signed only by the underwriter of such security. Signatures of all such persons when written on the said registration statements shall be presumed to have been so written by authority of the person whose signature is so affixed and the burden of proof, in the event such authority shall be denied, shall be upon Unauthorized sign- the party denying the same. The affixing of any signature without the authority of the purported signer shall constitute a violation of this title. A registration statement shall be deemed effective only as iling ee to the securities specified therein as proposed to be offered. ling (b) At the time of filing a registration statement the applicant shall pay to the Commission a fee of one one-hundredth of 1 per centum of the maximum aggregate price at which such securities are proposed to be offered, but in no case shall such fee be less than $25. Registretion stats (C) The filing with the Commission of a registration statement, or etc. of an amendment to a registration statement, shall be deemed to have taken place upon the receipt thereof, but the filing of a registration statement shall not be deemed to have taken place unless it is accompanied by a United States postal money order or a certified bank check or cash for the amount of the fee required under subsection (b). ing. ratoiln bfityatoleis- (d) The information contained in or filed with any registration statement shall be made available to the public under such regulations as the Commission may prescribe, and copies thereof, photostatic or otherwise, shall be furnished to every applicant at such reasonable dysto rtive charge as the Commission may prescribe. (e) No registration statenient may be filed within the first forty days following the enactment of this Act. INFORMIATION REQUIRED IN quirScheduleo t .8. REGISTIATION STATEMENT SEC. 7. The registration statement, when relating to a security other than a security issued by a foreign government, or political subdivision thereof, shall contain the information, and be accomoreign governmet panied by the documents, specified in Schedule A, and when relating Pes,. a to a security issued by a foreign government, or political subdivision thereof, shall contain the infornation, and be accompanied by the in certain documents, specified in Schedule B; except that the Commission may by rules or regulations provide that any such information or document need not be included in respect of any class of issuers or securities if it finds that the requirement of such information or document is inapplicable to such class and that disclosure fully adequate for the protection of investors is otherwise required to be 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. included within the registration statement. MAY 27, 1933. If any accountant. 79 Professional stateInents. engineer, or appraiser, or any person whose profession gives authority to a statement made by him, is named as having prepared or certified any part of the registration statement, or is named as having prepared or certified a report or valuation for use in connection with the registration statement, the written consent of such person shall be filed with the registration statement. If any such Written consent person is named as having prepared or certified a report or valuation sereqre (other than a public official document or statement) which is used in connection with the registration statement, but is not named as having prepared or certified such report or valuation for use il connection with the registration statement, the written consent of such person shall be filed with the registration statement unless the Commission dispenses with such filing as impracticable or as involving undue hardship on the person filing the registration statement. Any such registration statement shall contain such other infor- to Additional informa tion, etc. mation, and be accompanied by such other documents, as the Commission may by rules or regulations require as being necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors. TAKING EFFECT OF REGISTRATION STATEMENTS AND AMENDMENTS THERETO SEC. 8. (a) The effective date of a registration statement shall be the twentieth day after the filing thereof, except as hereinafter provided, and except that in case of securities of any foreign public authority, which has continued the full service of its obligations in the United States, the proceeds of which are to be devoted to the refunding of obligations payable in the United States, the registration statement shall become effective seven days after the filing thereof. If any amendment to any such statement is filed prior to the effective date of such statement, the registration statement shall be deemed to have been filed when such amendment was filed; except that an amendment filed with the consent of the Commission, prior to the effective date of the registration statement, or filed pursuant to an order of the Commission, shall be treated as a part of the registration statement. (b) If it appears to the Commission that a registration statement is on its face incomplete or inaccurate in any material respect, the Registration statements and amendments thereto. Effective date. Foreign securities. Incomplete or inaec euratesttemet Commission may, after notice by personal service or the sending of Opdportunity to confirmed telegraphic notice not later than ten days after the filingmen of the registration statement, and opportunity for hearing (at a time fixed by the Commission) within ten days after such notice by personal service or the sending of such telegraphic notice, issue an order prior to the effective date of registration refusing to permit such statement to become effective until it has been amended in accordance with such order. When such statement has been Eftie Ef dea t e of amended in accordance with such order the Commission shall so declare and the registration shall become effective at the time provided in subsection (a) or upon the date of such declaration, whichever date is the later. (c) An amendment filed after the effective date of the registration statement, if such amendment, upon its face, appears to the Commission not to be incomplete or inaccurate in any material respect, shall become effective on such date as the Commission may deter- mine, having due regard to the public interest and the protection of investors. (d) If it appears to the Commission at any time that the registra- tion statement includes any untrue statement of a material fact or Amendment f I e d after effetive date. Determination of date to ifnot deetive. order pro 73d CONGRESS. Notice. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. omits to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, the Commission may, after notice by personal service or the sending of confirmed telegraphic notice, and after opportunity for hearing (at a time fixed by the Commission) within fifteen days after such notice by personal service or the sending of such telegraphic notice, issue a stop order suspending the effectiveness of the registration statement. When such statement has been amended in accordance with such stop order the Commission shall so declare and thereupon the stop order shall cease to be effective. Invetigations authorLed. Powers of Commis- sion. (e) The Commission is hereby empowered to make an examination in any case in order to determine whether a stop order should issue under subsection (d). In making such examination the Commission or any officer or officers designated by it shall have access to and may demand the production of any books and papers of, and may administer oaths and affirmations to and examine, the issuer, underwriter, or any other person, in respect of any matter relevant to the examination, and may, in its discretion, require the production of a balance sheet exhibiting the assets and liabilities of the issuer, or its income statement, or both, to be certified to by a public or Grotopsforissuanc certified accountant approved by the Commission. Serice of notice. If the issuer or underwriter shall fail to cooperate, or shall obstruct or refuse to permit the making of an examination, such conduct shall be proper ground for the issuance of a stop order. (f) Any notice required under this section shall be sent to or served on the issuer, or, in case of a foreign government or political subdivision thereof, to or on the underwriter, or, in the case of a foreign or Territorial person, to or on its duly authorized representative in the United States named in the registration statement, properly directed in each case of telegraphic notice to the address given in such statement. Court review of Commission's orders. COURT REVIEW OF ORDERS appropriate circuit court of appeals, etc. Sec. 9. (a) Any person aggrieved by an order of the Commission may obtain a review of such order in the Circuit Court of Appeals (Copsytereofnto Co Proceedings and evdernc. d of the United States, within any circuit wherein such person resides or has his principal place of business, or in the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia, by filing in such court, within sixty days after the entry of such order, a written petition praying that the order of the Conunission be modified or be set aside in whole or in part. A copy of such petition shall be forthwith served upon the Commission, and thereupon the Commission shall certify and file in the court a transcript of the record upon which the order complained of was entered. No objection to the order of the Commission shall be considered by the court unless such objection shall have been urged before the Commission. The finding of the Commission as to the facts, if supported by evidence, shall be conclusive. If either party shall apply to the court for leave to adduce additional evidence, and shall show to the satisfaction of the court that such additional evidence is material and that there were reasonable grounds for failure to adduce such evidence in the hearing before the Commission, the court may order such additional evidence to be taken before the Commission and to be adduced upon the hearing in such manner and upon such terms and conditions as to the court may seem proper. The Commission may modify its findings as to the facts, by reason of the additional evidence so taken, and it shall file such modified or new findings, which, if supported by evidence, shall be conclu- 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. 81 sive, and its recommendation, if any, for the modification or setting aside of the original order. The jurisdiction of the court shall be Jurisdiction ofcourt. exclusive and its judgment and decree, affirming, modifying, or setting aside, in whole or in part, any order of the Commission, shall be final, subject to review by the Supreme Court of the United premiCourt. States upon certiorari or certification as provided in sections 239 and 240 of the Judicial Code, as amended (U.S.C., title 28, secs. 346 . s.c.. and 347). Su- 90 (b) The commencement of proceedings under subsection (a) shall notsta"d.on order not, unless specifically ordered by the court, operate as a stay of the Commission's order. INFORMIATION REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS SEC. 10. (a) A prospectus(1) when relating to a security other than a security issued by a foreign government or political subdivision thereof, shall contain the same statements made in the registration statement, but it need not include the documents referred to in paragraphs (28) to (32), inclusive, of Schedule A; (2) when relating to a security issued by a foreign government or political subdivision thereof shall contain the same statements made in the registration statement, but it need not include the documents referred to in paragraphs (13) and (14) of Schedule B. (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a)(1) when a prospectus is used more than thirteen months after the effective date of the registration statement, the information in the statements contained therein shall be as of a date not more than twelve months prior to such use. (2) there may be omitted from any prospectus any of the statements required under such subsection (a) which the Commission may by rules or regulations designate as not being necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors. (3) any prospectus shall contain such other information as the Commission may by rules or regulations require as being necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors. (4) in the exercise of its powers under paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection, the Commission shall have authority to classify prospectuses according to the nature and circumstances of their use, and, by rules and regulations and subject to such terms and conditions as it shall specify therein, to prescribe as to each class the form and contents which it may find appropriate to such use and consistent with the public interest and the protection of investors. (c) The statements or information required to be included in a prospectus by or under authority of subsection (a) or (b), when written, shall be placed in a conspicuous part of the prospectus in type as large as that used generally in the body of the prospectus. (d) In any case where a prospectus consists of a radio broadcast, copies thereof shall be filed with the Commission under such rules and regulations as it shall prescribe. The Commission may by rules and regulations require the filing with it of forms of prospectuses used in connection with the sale of securities registered under this title. 8637T-843--_ Information required in prospectus. Domestic securities. Post, p. 91. Foreign government, etc., securities. Post, p. 92. Statement in prospectus used more than 13 months. Post, p. 906. Statements that may be omitted. Additional informantion required. Classification of prospectuses. Regulations governing form, etc., of classes Printing requirement. Radio broadcasts. Copies to be flied. 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933 CIVIL LIABILITIES ON ACCOUNT OF FALSE REGISTRATION STATEMENT Ci;il liabilities for false registration statement. Post p 907. SEC. 11. (a) In case any part of the registration statement, when such part became effective, contained an untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, any person acquiring such security (unless it is proved that at the time of such acquisition he knew of such untruth or omission) may, either at law or in equity, in any court of competent jurisdiction, sue- every person who signed the registration statement; (2) every person who was a director of (or person performing similar functions) or partner in, the issuer at the time of the filing of the part of the registration statement with respect to which his liability is asserted; (3) every person who, with his consent, is named in the registration statement as being or about to become a director, person performing similar functions, or partner; Responsibility ofsig- (1) Director, partner, etc. Prospective director, partner. etc. A'countants, etc., (4) every accountant, engineer, or appraiser, or any person whose profession gives authority to a statement made by him, statements. n snderwriter to s ch Exetmtion, if bur- den ofproofsustained. oresignation, tc.,before effective date of statement. who has with his consent been named as having prepared or certified any part of the registration statement, or as having prepared or certified any report or valuation which is used in connection with the registration statement, with respect to the statement in such registration statement, report, or valuation, which purports to have been prepared or certified by him; (5) every underwriter with respect to such security. (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) no person, other than the issuer, shall be liable as provided therein who shall sustain the burden of proof(1) that before the effective date of the part of the registra- Notiitontcn,taccordingly. fVistdtcommission ttiblal notieo, adii^ tlief in probitpy of stetements, sot expert, etc. o m d tte. strement a fat made tion statement with respect to which his liability is asserted (A) he had resigned from or had taken such steps as are permitted by law to resign from, or ceased or refused to act in, every office, capacity, or relationship in which he was described in the registration statement as acting or agreeing to act, and (B) he had advised the Commission and the issuer in writing that he had taken such action and that he would not be responsible for such part of the registration statement; or (9) that if such part of the registration statement became effective without his knowledge, upon becoming aware of such Paet he forthwith acted and advised the Commission, in accordaneewith paragraph (1), andl, in addition, gave reasonable public notice that such part of the registration statement had become effective without his knowledge; or (3) that (A) as regards any part of the registration statement not purporting to be made on the authority of an expert, and not purporting to be a copy of or extract from a report or valuation of an expert, and not purporting to be made on the authority of a public official document or statement, he had, after reasonable investigation, reasonable ground to believe and did believe, at the time such part of the registration statement became effective, that the statements therein were true and that there was no omission to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading; and (B) as regards any part of the registration statement purporting to be made upon his authority as an expert or purporting to be a copy of or extract from a report or valuation of himself as an expert, (i) he had, after reasonable 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. 83 investigation, reasonable ground to believe and did believe, at the time such part of the registration statement became effective, that the statements therein were true and that there was no omission to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, or (ii) such part of the registration statement did not fairly No omitted nor mleading statements. represent his statement as an expert or was not a fair copy egistration stateent at variance, etc of or extract from his report or valuation as an expert; and (C) as regards any part of the registration statement purport- Statement of expert ing to be made on the authority of an expert (other than him- (othoerthan him"). self) or purporting to be a copy of or extract from a report or valuation of an expert (other than himself), he had reasonable ground to believe and did believe, at the time such part of the registration statement became effective, that the statements therein were true and that there was no omission to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, and that such part of the registration statement fairly represented the statement of the expert or was a fair copy of or extract from the report or valuation of the expert; and (D) as regards any part of Public officials the registration statement purporting to be a statement made doetUt9 07 . by an official person or purporting to be a copy of or extract from a public official document, he had reasonable ground to believe and did believe, at the time such part of the registration statement became effective, that the statements therein were true, and that there was no omission to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, and that such part of the registration statement fairly represented the statement made by the official person or was a fair copy of or extract from the public official document. Renonahle (c) In determining, for the purpose of paragraph (3) of sub- gation or section (b) of this section, what constitutes reasonable investiga- "'il, tion and reasonable ground for belief, the standard of reasonableness shall be that required of a person occupying a fiduciary relationship. ,,, or invatifor gr,,win l,,7). Boi i,ider- (d) If any person becomes an underwriter with respect to the writer after lia''lity security after the part of the registration statement with respect to "tt"ch's. which his liability is asserted has become effective, then for the purposes of paragraph (3) of subsection (b) of this section such part of the registration statement shall be considered as having become effective with respect to such person as of the time when he became an underwriter. (e) The suit authorized under subsection (a) may be either (1) Suits authorized heein. yment to recover the consideration paid for such security with interest Po .p.. thereon, less the amount of any income received thereon, upon the tender of such security, or (2) for damages if the person suing no Damaes. longer owns the security. (f) All or any one or more of the persons specified in subsection seLablity. jont and (a) shall be jointly and severally liable, and every person who beontribution comes liable to make any payment under this section may recover contribution as in cases of contract from any person who, if sued separately, would have been liable to make the same payment, unless the person who has become liable was, and the other was not, guilty E"ptio. of fraudulent misrepresentation. limit tion (g) In no case shall the amount recoverable under this section Rco exceed the price at which the security was offered to the public. 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. Civil liabilities con- CIVIL LIABILITIES ARISING IN CONNECTION WITH PROSPECTUSES nected with prospecCOMMUNICIATION S tuses and communications. Sales through interSEC. 12. Any person whostate commerce and (1) sells a security in violation of section 5, or mails. Ante, p. 77. Through false prospectuses, etc. Ante, p. 75. Recovery chaser. by pur- AND (2) sells a security (whether or not exempted by the provisions of section 3, other than paragraph (2) of subsection (a) thereof), by the use of any means or instruments of transportation or communication in interstate commerce or of the mails, by means of a prospectus or oral communication, which includes an untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading (the purchaser not knowing of such untruth or omission), and who shall not sustain the burden of proof that he did not know, and in the exercise of reasonable care could not have known, of such untruth or omission, shall be liable to the person purchasing such security from him, who may sue either at law or in equity in any court of competent jurisdiction, to recover the consideration paid for such security with interest thereon, less the amount of any income received thereon, upon the tender of such security, or for damages if he no longer owns the security. IMITATION OF ACTIONS Limitation of actions. Post, p. 908. SEC. 13. No action shall be maintained to enforce any liability created under section 11 or section 12 (2) unless brought within two years after the discovery of the untrue statement or the omission, or after such discovery should have been made by the exercise of reasonable diligence, or, if the action is to enforce a liability created under section 12 (1), unless brought within two years after the violation upon which it is based. In no event shall any such action be brought to enforce a liability created under section 11 or section 12 (1) more than ten years after the security was bona fide offered to the public. CONTRARY Contrary stipulations void. STIPULATIONS VOID SEG.14 Any condition, stipulation, or provision binding any person acquiring any security to waive compliance with any provision of this title or of the rules and regulations of the Commission shall be void. mABIImTY OF CONTROLLING PERSONS iity pesons Post, p. 90O tr" SEC. 15. Every person who, by or through stock ownership, agency, or otherwise, or who, pursuant to or in connection with an agreement or understanding with one or more other persons by or through stock ownership, agency, or otherwise, controls any person liable under section 11 or 12, shall also be liable jointly and severally with and to the same extent as such controlled person to any person to whom such controlled person is liable. ADDITIONAL REMEDIES Reition to existing rights, et. SEC1. 16The rights and remedies provided by this title shall be in addition to any and all other rights and remedies that may exist at law or in equity. FREAU tertatudlet RENT INTERSTATE TRANSACTIONS sin-ai SEC. 17. (a) It shall be unlawful for any person in the sale of any securities by the use of any means or instruments of transportation 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. or communication in interstate commerce or by the use of the mails, directly or indirectly(1) to employ any device, scheme, or artifice to defraud, or (2) to obtain money or property by means of any untrue statement of a material fact or any omission to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements made, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading, or (3) to engage in any transaction, practice, or course of business which operates or would operate as a fraud or deceit upon the purchaser. 85 Unlawful practices, transactions, etc., in (b) It shall be unlawful for any person, by the use of any means Unlawful advertiseor instruments of transportation or communication in interstate mentof securities. commerce or by the use of the mails, to publish, give publicity to, or circulate any notice, circular, advertisement, newspaper, article, letter, investment service, or communication which, though not purporting to offer a security for sale, describes such security for a consideration received or to be received, directly or indirectly, from an issuer, underwriter, or dealer, without fully disclosing the receipt, whether past or prospective, of such consideration and the amount Receipt of consider- to bedisclosedmnt thereof. (c) The exemptions provided in section 3 shall not apply to the provisions of this section. STATE CONTROL OF SECURITIES SEC. 18. Nothing in this title shall affect the jurisdiction of the Exempted securities State control of securities. Jurisdiction of corn. ml securities commission (or any agency or office performing like. ssio functions) of any State or Territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia, over any security or any person. SPECIAL POWERS OF COMMISSION SEC. 19. (a) The Commission shall have authority flrom time to time to make, amend, and rescind such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this title, including rules and regulations governing registration statements and prospectuses . 7 Ante, s Special powers Commission. prescribe ; to . , of regull- p Itegis.tration sntaer<l for various classes of securities and issuers, and defining accounting nt, "" ",p esie. and trade terms used in this title. Among other things, the Comntmis- t sion shall have authority, for the purposes of this title, to prescribe lrrpcribe frms. statement, and the methods to be followed in the preparation of Preparation under authority of such section 20. The rules and regulations of the Ruleo effective the form or forms in which required information shall be set forth, the items or details to be shown in the balance sheet and earning of ac et accounts, in the appraisal or valuation of assets and liabilities, in the otsppsg differentiation the in depletion, and depreciation of determination of recurring and nonrecurring income, in the differentiation of investment and operating income, and in the preparation, where the Commission deems it necessary or desirable, of consolidated balance sheets or income accounts of any person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by the issuer, or any person under direct or indirect common control with the issuer; but insofar as they relate to any Common carrier. common carrier subject to the provisions of section 20 of the Inter- Rulesaffecting. state Commerce Act, as amended, the rules and regulations of the vol. 24,p.386; U.S.C., 8. Commission with respect to accounts shall not be inconsistent with P 66 Commission Commerce Interstate the by imposed the requirements Commission shall be effective upon publication in the manner which the Commission shall prescribe. (b) For the purpose of all investigations which, in the opinion of r, t ,pdco the Commission, are necessary and proper for the enforcement of obookatc. this title, any member of the Commission or any officer or oficers on 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. designated by it are empowered to administer oaths and affirmations, subpena witnesses, take evidence, and require the production of any books, papers, or other documents which the Commission deems relevant or material to the inquiry. Such attendance of witnesses and the production of such documentary evidence may be required from any place in the United States or any Territory at any designated place of hearing. njunetions and prosecation of offenses. Investigations thorized. au- Injunctions. EvidencetoAttorney INJUNCTIONS AND PROSECUTIoN r OF OFESSES SEC. 20. (a) Whenever it shall appear to the Commission, either upon complaint or otherwise, that the provisions of this title, or of any rule or regulation prescribed under authority thereof, have been or are about to be violated, it may, in its discretion, either require or permit such person to file with it a statement in writing, under oath, or otherwise, as to all the facts and circumstances concerning the subject matter which it believes to be in the public interest to investigate, and may investigate such facts. (b) Whenever it shall appear to the Commission that any person is engaged or about to engage in any acts or practices which constitute or will constitute a violation of the provisions of this title, or of any rule or regulation prescribed under authority thereof, it may in its discretion, bring an action in any district court of the United States, United States court of any Territory, or the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia to enjoin such acts or practices, and upon a proper showing a permanent or temporary injunction or restraining order shall be granted without bond. The Commission may transmit such evidence as may be available concerning such acts or practices to the Attorney General who may, in his discretion, institute the necessary criminal proceedings under this title. Any such criminal proceeding may be brought either in the district wherein the transmittal of the prospectus or security complained of begins, or in the district wherein such prospectus or security is Venue. received. trition ofrdis(c ) Upon application of the Commission the district courts of the writs ofmandamus. United States, the United States courts of any Territory, and the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, shall also have jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus commanding any person to comply with the provisions of this title or any order of the Commission made in pursuance thereof. HIEARING3S BY COMlMISSION earings by omn- Sec. 21. All hearings shall be public and may be held before the C ommission or an officer or officers of the Commission designated by it, and appropriate records thereof shall be kept. JURISDICTION OF OFFEN'SES AND SUITS ufesiation of 4- Serviceoprocess. SEc. 22. (a) The district courts of the United States, the United States courts of any Territory, and the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia shall have jurisdiction of offenses and violations under this title and under the rules and regulations promulgated by the Commission in respect thereto, and, concurrent with State and Territorial courts, of all suits in equity and actions at law brought to enforce any liability or duty created by this title. Any such suit or action may be brought in the district wherein the defendant is found or is an inhabitant or transacts business, or in the district where the sale took place, if the defendant participated therein, and process in such cases may be served in any other district of which the defendant 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. is an inhabitant or wherever the defendant may be found. Judgments and decrees so rendered shall be subject to review as provided 87 to ol. 36, pp. 1133,1157. Judgment subject in sections 128 and 240 of the Judicial Code, as amended (U.S.C., title 28, secs. 225 and 347). No case arising under this title and brought in any State court of competent jurisdiction shall be re- u.s.c., pp. 895, 906 moved to any court of the United States. No costs shall be assessed for or against the Commission in any proceeding under this title No courtassessments brought by or against it in the Supreme Court or such other courts. (b) In case of contumacy or refusal to obey a subpena issued to .Pushment for dis any person, any of the said United States courts, within the jurisdiction of which said person guilty of contumacy or refusal to obey is found or resides, upon application by the Commission may issue to such person an order requiring such person to appear before the Commission, or one of its examiners designated by it, there to produce documentary evidence if so ordered, or there to give evidence touching the matter in question; and any failure to obey such order of the court may be punished by said court as a contempt thereof. (c) No person shall be excused from attending and testifying or No person excused from producing books, papers, contracts, agreements, and other fromtestifyingetc. documents before the Commission, or in obedience to the subpena of the Commission or any member thereof or any officer designated by it, or in any cause or proceeding instituted by the Commission, on the ground that the testimony or evidence, documentary or otherwise, required of him, may tend to incriminate him or subject him Personal immunity. to a penalty or forfeiture; but no individual shall be prosecuted or subjected to any penalty or forfeiture for or on account of any transaction, matter, or thing concerning which he is compelled, after having claimed his privilege against self-incrimination, to testify or produce evidence, documentary or otherwise, except that such Perjury. individual so testifying shall not be exempt from prosecution and punishment for perjury committed in so testifying. UNLAWFUL REPRESENTATIONS SEC. 23. Neither the fact that the registration statement for a iTfnlaawul representa- security has been filed or is in effect nor the fact that a stop order is not in effect with respect thereto shall be deemed a finding by the Commission that the registration statement is true and accurate on its face or that it does not contain an untrue statement of fact or omit to state a material fact, or be held to mean that the Commission has in any way passed upon the merits of, or given approval to, such security. It shall be unlawful to make, or cause to be made, to any prospective purchaser any representation contrary to the foregoing provisions of this section. PENALTIES SEC. 24. Any person who willfully violates any of the provisions of this title, or the rules and regulations promulgated by the Commission under authority thereof, or any person who willfully, in a registration statement filed under this title, makes any untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, shall upon conviction be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. Penalties. JURISDICION OF OTHER GOVERNENT AGENCIES OVER SECURITIES ot a SE. 25. Nothing in this title shall relieve any person from sub- Jmod mitting to the respective supervisory units of the Government of Iotiisrd- 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. the United States information, reports, or other documents that are now or may hereafter be required by any provision of law. SEPARABILITY OF PBOVISIONS Separability of pro- visin. Schedule A. Information to included. Name of issuer. SEC. 26. If any provision of this Act, or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance, shall be held invalid, the remainder of this Act, or the application of such provision to persons or circumstances other than those as to which it is held invalid, shall not be affected thereby. SCHEDULE A be (1) The name under which the issuer is doing or intends to do business; business; State, etc. (2) the name of the State or other sovereign power under which the issuer is organized; Location of issuer's (3) the location of the issuer's principal business office, and if the business office. . , i , nitedstates agen-. .issuer .is a foreign or territorial person, the name and address cy, if foreign issuer. of its agent in the United States authorized to receive notice; Names and addresses partners, etc. ofcorporationdirectors, . Underwriters. stockholders. Schedule of seenri- Character of busi. . Capitalization, etc. Outstandingoptions. Capitalstoc-. d debt et. tteent f suti tution pmitd. (4) the names and addresses of the directors or persons perform- .. . ing similar functions, and the chief executive, financial and accounting officers, chosen or to be chosen if the issuer be a corporation, association, trust, or other entity; of all partners, if the issuer be a partnership; and of the issuer, if the issuer be an individual; and of the promoters in the case of a business to be formed, or formed within two years prior to the filing of the registration statement; (5) the names and addresses of the underwriters; 6) the names and addresses of all persons, if any, owning of record or beneficially, if known, more than 10 per centum of any class of stock of the issuer, or more than 10 per centum in the aggregate of the outstanding stock of the issuer as of a date within twenty days prior to the filing of the registration statement; (7) the amount of securities of the issuer held by any person specified in paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) of this schedule, as of a date within twenty days prior to the filing of the registration statement, and, if possible, as of one year prior thereto, and the amount of the securities, for which the registration statement is filed, to which such persons have indicated their intention to subscribe; (8) the general character of the business actually transacted or to be transacted by the issuer; (9) a statement of the capitalization of the issuer, including the authorized and outstanding amounts of its capital stock and the proportion thereof paid up, the number and classes of shares in which such capital stock is divided, par value thereof, or if it has no par value, the stated or assigned value thereof, a description of the respective voting rights, preferences, conversion and exchange rights, rights to dividends, profits, or capital of each class, with respect to each other class, including the retirement and liquidation rights or values thereof; (10) a statement of the securities, if any, covered by options outstanding or to be created in connection with the security to be offered, together with the names and addresses of all persons, if any, to be allotted more than 10 per centum in the aggregate of such options; (11) the amount of capital stock of each class issued or included in the shares of stock to be offered; (12) the amount of the funded debt outstanding and to be created by the security to be offered, with a brief description of the date, maturity, and character of such debt, rate of interest, character of amortization provisions, and the security, if any, therefor. If substitution of any security is permissible, a summarized statement of 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. 89 MAY 27, 1933. the conditions under which such substitution is permitted. If substitution is permissible without notice, a specific statement to that effect; (13) the specific purposes in detail and the approximate amounts amounts Detailed to be devoted to such purposes, so far as determinable, for which the security to be offered is to supply funds, and if the funds are to be raised in part from other sources, the amounts thereof and the sources thereof, shall be stated; (14) the remuneration, paid or estimated to be paid, by the issuer or its predecessor, directly or indirectly, during the past year and Remuneration paid directors, officers, etc. ensuing year to (a) the directors or persons performing similar functions, and (b) its officers and other persons, naming them wherever such remuneration exceeded $25,000 during any such year; Estimated net (15) the estimated net proceeds to be derived from the security ceeds. to be offered; (16) the price at which it is proposed that the security shall be toPruicescu I t ic". offered to the public or the method by which such price is computed and any variation therefrom at which any portion of such security is proposed to be offered to any persons or classes of persons, other than the underwriters, naming them or specifying the class. A Variation to be re- variation in price may be proposed prior to the date of the public offering of the security, but the Commission shall immediately be notified of such variation; (17) all commissions or discounts paid or to be paid, directly co isionss, or indirectly, by the issuer to the underwriters in respect of the sale of the security to be offered. Commissions shall include all cash, securities, contracts, or anything else of value, paid, to be set aside, disposed of, or understandings with or for the benefit of any other persons in which any underwriter is interested, made, in connection with the sale of such security. A commission paid or to be paid in connection with the sale of such security by a person in which the issuer has an interest or which is controlled or directed by, or under common control with, the issuer shall be deemed to have been paid by the issuer. Where any such commission is paid the amount of such commission paid to each underwriter shall be stated; (18) the amount or estimated amounts, itemized in reasonable Oheexpese detail, of expenses, other than commissions specified in paragraph (17) of this schedule, incurred or borne by or for the account of the issuer in connection with the sale of the security to be offered or properly chargeable thereto, including legal, engineering, certification, authentication, and other charges; (19) the net proceeds derived from any security sold by the issuer during the two years preceding the filing of the registration statement, the price at which such security was offered to the public, and the names of the principal underwriters of such security; (20) any amount paid within two years preceding the filing of the registration statement or intended to be paid to any promoter and the consideration for any such payment; et di proceeds from to pro- mPtrment , ad(21) the names and addresses of the vendors and the purchase dreVses price purchase dresses, purch price of any property, or good will, acquired or to be acquired, not of property, etc. in the ordinary course of business, which is to be defrayed in whole or in part from the proceeds of the security to be offered, the amount of any commission payable to any person in connection with such ostofnanng. acquisition, and the name or names of such person or persons, together with any expense incurred or to be incurred in connection with such acquisition, including the cost of borrowing money to finance such acquisition; 73d CONGRESS. T Isteret of every stockholder holding more than 10 per cent of anyclass. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. (22) full particulars of the nature and extent of the interest, if '' any, of every director, principal executive officer, and of every stock- holder holding more than 10 per centum of any class of stock or more than 10 per centum in the aggregate of the stock of the issuer, in any property acquired, not in the ordinary course of business of the issuer, within two years preceding the filing of the registration statement or proposed to be acquired at such date; Names, etc., of coun(23) the names and addresses of counsel who have passed on the se legality of the issue; Material contracts, not made In ordinary business. tracfn (24) dates of and parties to, and the general effect concisely stated of every material contract made, not in the ordinary course of business, which contract is to be executed in whole or in part at or after the filing of the registration statement or which contract has been made not more than two years before such filing. Any aecialtbonses management contract or contract providing for special bonuses or r pfit sharings eta profit-sharing deemed material con- , .. arrangements, and every; material patent . or contract . for a material patenti right, and every contract by or with a public utility company or an affiliate thereof, providing for the giving or receiving of technical or financial advice or service (if such contract tract. may involve a charge to any party thereto at a rate in excess of $2,500 per year in cash or securities or anything else of value), shall be deemed a material contract; (25) a balance sheet as of a date not more than ninety days prior to the date of the filing of the registration statement showing all of the assets of the issuer, the nature and cost thereof, whenever deter- sBaance sheets. minable, in such detail and in such form as the Commission shall prescribe (with intangible items segregated), including any loan in excess of $20,000 to any officer, director, stockholder or person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by the issuer, or person under direct or indirect common control with the issuer. All the liabilities of the issuer in such detail and such form as the Cornm mission shall prescribe, including surplus of the issuer showing how and from what sources such surplus was created, all as of a date not aconat Proflt and more than ninety days prior to the filing of the registration stateIf such statement be not certified by an independent public of public ment. loss or certified accountant, in addition to the balance sheet required to be submitted under this schedule, a similar detailed balance sheet of the assets and liabilities of the issuer, certified by an independent public or certified accountant, of a date not more than one year prior to the filing of the registration statement, shall be submitted; state- (20) a profit and loss statement of the issuer showing earnings and income, the nature and source thereof, and the expenses and fixed charges in such detail and such form as the Commission shall prescribe for the latest fiscal year for which such statement is available and for the two preceding fiscal years, year by year, or, if such issuer has been in actual business for less than three years, then for such time as the issuer has been in actual business, year by year. If the date of the filing of the registration statement is more than six months after the close of the last fiscal year, a statement from such closing date to the latest practicable date. Such statement shall show what the practice of the issuer has been during the three years or lesser period as to the character of the charges, dividends or other distributions made against its various surplus accounts, and as to depreciation, depletion, and maintenance charges, in such detail and form as the Commission shall prescribe, and if stock dividends or avails from the sale of rights have been credited to income, they shall be shown separately with a statement of the basis upon which the credit is computed. Such statement shall also differentiate 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. 91 MAY 27, 1933. between any recurring and nonrecurring income and between any investment and operating income. Such statement shall be certified by an independent public or certified accountant; (27) if the proceeds, or any part of the proceeds, of the security certificate of coun public If proceeds are to be to be issued is to be applied directly or indirectly to the purchase aplie topcshaste of of such business of any business, a profit and loss statement of such business certified ment to issue. by an independent public or certified accountant, meeting the requirements of paragraph (26) of this schedule, for the three preceding fiscal years, together with a balance sheet, similarly certified, of such business, meeting the requirements of paragraph (25) of this schedule of a date not more than ninety days prior to the filing of the registration statement or at the date such business was acquired by the issuer if the business was acquired by the issuer more than ninety days prior to the filing of the registration statement; (28) a copy of any agreement or agreements (or, if identic agree- Agreementswith any ments are used, the forms thereof) made with any underwriter, including all contracts and agreements referred to in paragraph (17) of this schedule; (29) a copy of the opinion or opinions of counsel in respect to the ofiio tCousealit as legality of the issue, with a translation of such opinion, when necessary, into the English language; (30) a copy of all material contracts referred to in paragraph cop ots;fmstrrial (24) of this schedule, but no disclosure shall be required of any portion of any such contract if the Commission determines that disclosure of such portion would impair the value of the contract and would not be necessary for the protection of the investors; pof (31) unless previously filed and registered under the provisions icopy of this title, and brought up to date, (a) a copy of its articles of incorporation, with all amendments thereof and of its existing bylaws or instruments corresponding thereto, whatever the name, if the issuer be a corporation; (b) copy of all instruments by which the trust is created or declared, if the issuer is a trust; (c) a copy of its articles of partnership or association and all other papers pertaining to its organization, if the issuer is a partnership, unincorporated association, joint-stock company, or any other form of organization; and (32) a copy of the underlying agreements or indentures affecting any stock, bonds, or debentures offered or to be offered. In case of certificates of deposit, voting trust certificates, collateral o article or t 'oply of undrlying affecting indentures stock, etc. ules and regults- trust certificates, certificates of interest or shares in unincorporated investment trusts, equipment trust certificates, interim or other receipts for certificates, and like securities, the Commission shall establish rules and regulations requiring the submission of information of a like character applicable to such cases, together with such other information as it may deem appropriate and necessary regarding the character, financial or otherwise, of the actual issuer of the securities and/or the person performing the acts and assuming the duties of depositor or manager. SCIHEDULE B (1) Name of borrowing government or subdivision thereof; (2) specific purposes in detail and the approximate amounts to be devoted to such purposes, so far as determinable, for which the Schedule B. ame of borrowing ec.° egonent., Purposes and offered s to eity security to be offered is to supply funds, and if the funds are to be supply hLd raised in part from other sources, the amounts thereof and the sources thereof, shall be stated; 73d CONGRESS. Funded and floating e s .Substitution condi- tions. Whether issuer has defaulted, etc. Intergovernmental debts excluded. 1 pe`ceiptsdtai nd ex- Narresetc, of underwriters. United States agent. ceedsttromd sees r United States. Price. ommissions paid. Other exnses. mes, ete., ofoareeJntnd as wCritry agreement writerb to United States sales. to ounsels leg,'ality ofoplnion issua. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. (3) the amount of the funded debt and the estimated amount of the floating debt outstanding and to be created by the security to be offered, excluding intergovernmental debt, and a brief description of the date, maturity, character of such debt, rate of interest, character of amortization provisions, and the security, if any, therefor. If substitution of any security is permissible, a statement of the conditions under which such substitution is permitted. If substitution is permissible without notice, a specific statement to that effect; (4) whether or not the issuer or its predecessor has, within a period of twenty years prior to the filing of the registration statement, defaulted on the principal or interest of any external security, excluding intergovernmental debt, and, if so, the date, amount, and circumstances of such default, and the terms of the succeeding arrangement, if any; (5) the receipts, classified by source, and the expenditures, classified by purpose, in such detail and form as the Commission shall prescribe for the latest fiscal year for which such information is available and the two preceding fiscal years, year by year; (6) the names and addresses of the underwriters; (7) the name and address of its authorized agent, if any, in the United States; (8) the estimated net proceeds to be derived from the sale in the United States of the security to be offered; (9) the price at which it is proposed that the security shall be offered in the United States to the public or the method by which such price is computed. A variation in price may be proposed prior to the date of the public offering of the security, but the Commission shall immediately be notified of such variation; (10) all commissions paid or to be paid, directly or indirectly, by the issuer to the underwriters in respect of the sale of the security to be offered. Commissions shall include all cash, securities, contracts, or anything else of value, paid, to be set aside, disposed of, or understandings with or for the benefit of any other persons in which the underwriter is interested, made, in connection with the sale of such security. Where any such commission is paid, the amount of such commission paid to each underwriter shall be stated; (11) the amount or estimated amounts, itemized in reasonable detail, of expenses, other than the commissions specified in paragraph (10) of this schedule, incurred or borne by or for the account of the issuer in connection with the sale of the security to be offered or properly chargeable thereto, including legal, engineering, certification, and other charges; (12) the names and addresses of counsel who have passed upon the legality of the issue; of any agreement or agreements made with any (18) underwriter governing the sale of the security within the United States; and . as 'orporation of Foreign Bondholders, 1933. "Corporation of For- eign SecurStyoilders" created. SESS. I. (14) an agreement of the issuer to furnish a copy of the opinion or opinions of counsel in respect to the legality of the issue, with a translation, where necessary, into the English language. Such opinion shall set out in full all laws, decrees, ordinances, or other acts of Government under which the issue of such security has been authorized. T E TITLE SEIzON 201. For the purpose of protecting, conserving, and advancing the interests of the holders of foreign securities in default there is hereby created a body corporate with the name " Corporation 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. 93 MAY 27, 1933. of Foreign Security Holders" (herein called the "Corporation "). Principaloffice, agen- The principal office of the Corporation shall be located in the District of Columbia, but there may be established agencies or branch offices in any city or cities of the United States under rules and regulations prescribed by the board of directors. SEC. 202. The control and management of the Corporation shall be vested in a board of six directors, who shall be appointed and hold office in the following manner: As soon as practicable after the bContirovested Federal directors, designate s etc. date this Act takes effect the Federal Trade Commission (herein- chairman P after in this title called " Commission ") shall appoint six directors, and shall designate a chairman and a vice chairman from among their number. After the directors designated as chairman and vice chairman cease to be directors, their successors as chairman and vice chairman shall be elected by the board of directors itself. Of the directors first appointed, two shall continue in office for a term of two years, two for a term of four years, and two for a term of six years, from the date this Act takes effect, the term of each to be designated by the Commission at the time of appointment. Their successors shall be appointed by the Commission, each for a term of six years from the date of the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed, except that any person appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed only for the unexpired term of such predecessor. No person shall be eligible to serve as a director who within the five years preceding has had any interest, direct or indirect, in any corporation, company, partnership, bank or association which has sold, or offered for sale any foreign securities. The office of a director shall be vacated if the board of directors shall at a meeting specially convened for that purpose by resolution passed by a majority of at least two thirds of the board of directors, remove such member from office, provided that the member whom it is proposed to remove shall have seven days' notice sent to him of such meeting and that he may be heard. SEC. 203. The Corporation shall have power to adopt, alter, and in Trade Com- oet, r 90. Appointment of sucTenure of office Vacancies R s emoval- C"rop,,Orte" pwer'. use a corporate seal; to make contracts; to lease such real estate as may be necessary for the transaction of its business; to sue and be sued, to complain and to defend, in any court of competent juris- . to relativ requiree toInform, diction, State or Federal; to require from trustees, financial agents, foreJVTn tionI r, etc. holders, securities original the or dealers in foreign securities information relative to or present holders of foreign securities and such other information as may be required and to issue subpenas therefor; to take over the functions of any fiscal and paying agents of any foreign securities in To take overfune falted foreign securiBorrow and pledge default; to borrow money for the purposes of this title, and to pledge as collateral for such loans any securities deposited with for suclloans. theCorporation pursuant to this title; by and with the consent and employee. approval of the Commission to select, employ, and fix the compen- off, sation of officers, directors, members of committees, employees, attor- etc. neys, and agents of the Corporation, without regard to the provisions of other laws applicable to the employment and compensation of officers or employees of the United States; to define their authority and duties, require bonds of them and fix the penalties thereof, and to dismiss at pleasure such officers, employees, attorneys, and Prscrb, tc. rus agents; and to prescribe, amend, and repeal, by its board of direc- forconduct obuess. tors, bylaws, rules, and regulations governing the manner in which fs general business may be conducted and the powers granted to it by law may be exercised and enjoyed, together with provisions for such committees and the functions thereof as the board of directors 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. MAY 27, 1933. may deem necessary for facilitating its business under this title. Determine manner obligations incurred and^e:penseE anloed. Authority of board over foreign securities. C(allmeetings ofholdAction on defaulted securitiesties toProsnt to represent committees such holders. meltyo fr payments. reramige Coler tinrogtc.fudres seeuritiers. The board of directors of the Corporation shall determine and pre- scribe the manner in which its obligations shall be incurred and its expenses allowed and paid. SEC. 204. The board of directors may(1) Convene meetings of holders of foreign securities. (2) Invite the deposit and undertake the custody of foreign securiwhich have defaulted in the payment either of principal or interest, and issue receipts or certificates in the place of securities so deposited. (3) Appoint committees from the directors of the Corporation and/or all other persons to represent holders of any class or classes of foreign securities which have defaulted in the payment either of principal or interest and determine and regulate the functions of such committees. The chairman and vice chairman of the board of directors shall be ex officio chairman and vice chairman of each committee. (4) Negotiate and carry out, or assist in negotiating and carrying out, arrangements for the resumption of payments due or in arrears in respect of any foreign securities in default or for rearranging the terms on which such securities may in future be held or for converting and exchanging the same for new securities or for any other object in relation thereto; and under this paragraph any plan or agreement made with respect to such securities shall be binding upon depositors, providing that the consent of holders resident in the United States of 60 per centum of the securities deposited with the Corporation shall be obtained. (5) Undertake, superintend, or take part in the collection and application of funds derived from foreign securities which come into the possession of or under the control or management of the Corporation. Collet, ete., infornia(6) Collect, preserve, publish, circulate, and render available in seurities. readily accessible form, when deemed essential or necessary, docu- ments, statistics, reports, and information of all kinds in respect of foreign securities, including particularly records of foreign external securities in default and records of the progress made toward the payment of past-due obligations. SfSecring Simple (7) Take such steps as it may deem expedient with the view of securing the adoption of clear and simple forms of foreign securities and just and sound principles in the conditions and terms thereof. fctdas represe'a'tiv (8) Generally, act in the name and on behalf of the holders of foreign securities the care or representation of whose interests may be entrusted to the Corporation; conserve and protect the rights and interests of holders of foreign securities issued, sold, or owned in the United States; adopt measures for the protection, vindication, and preservation or reervation o ore f the rights and interests of holders of foreign securities either on any default in or on breach or contem- plated breach of the conditions on which such foreign securities may To keep and publish an audited general a0count and balance bhet. have been issued, or otherwise; obtain for such holders such legal and other assistance and advice as the board of directors may deem expedient; and do all such other things as are incident or conducive to the attainment of the above objects. SlEC. 205. The board of directors shall cause accounts to be ke t of all matters relating to or connected with the transactions and busi- ness of the Corporation, and cause a general account and balance sheet of the Corporation to be made out in each year, and cause all 73d CONGRESS. SESS. I. CH. 38. 95 MAY 27, 1933. accounts to be audited by one or more auditors who shall examine the same and report thereon to the board of directors. SEC. 206. The Corporation shall make, print, and make public an annual report of its operations during each year, send a copy thereof, Annual of report together with a copy of the account and balance sheet and auditor's report, to the Commission and to both Houses of Congress, and provide one copy of such report but not more than one on the application of any person and on receipt of a sum not exceeding $1: Provided, Fre distribution. That the board of directors in its discretion may distribute copies gratuitously. SEC. 207. The Corporation may in its discretion levy charges, Pro ratalevy on hold- assessed on a pro rata basis, on the holders of foreign securities deposited with it: Provided, That any charge levied at the time of depositing securities with the Corporation shall not exceed one fifth of 1 per centum of the face value of such securities: Provided further, That any additional charges shall bear a close relationship to the cost of operations and negotiations including those enumerated in sections 203 and 204 and shall not exceed 1 per centum of the face value of such securities. cPrseimitation. Additional charges. SEC. 208. The Corporation may receive subscriptions from any person, foundation with a public purpose, or agency of the United foundation, etc. SEC. 209. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation is hereby authorized to loan out of its funds not to exceed $75,000 for the use of advance funds for poration use. States Government, and such subscriptions may, in the discretion of the board of directors, be treated as loans repayable when and as the board of directors shall determine. the Corporation. SEC. 210. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this title, Subscription may be Reconstration t Cor- Unlawfulacts. it shall be unlawful for, and nothing in this title shall be taken or construed as permitting or authorizing, the Corporation in this title created, or any committee of said Corporation, or any person or persons acting for or representing or purporting to represent it- (a) to claim or assert or pretend to be acting for or to repre- CairiingtoreSpreten sent the Department of State or the United States Government; Department. (b) to make any statements or representations of any kind to thit ellet to ftreign any foreign government or its officials or the officials of any (-)oernnt.le political subdivision of any foreign government that said Corporation or any committee thereof or any individual or individuals connected therewith were speaking or acting for the said Department of State or the United States Government; or Interference. etc.. Government p.l(c) to do any act directly or indirectly which would interfere with cics with or obstruct or hinder or which might be calculated to i obstruct, hinder or interfere with the policy or policies of the said Department of State or the Government of the United States or any pending or contemplated diplomatic negotiations, arrangements, business or exchanges between the Government of the United States or said Department of State and any foreign government or any political subdivision thereof. tle SEC. 211. This title shall not take effect until the President finds Ti that its taking effect is in the public interest and by proclamation so declares. SEC. 212. This title may be cited as the " Corporation of Foreign Bondholders Act, 1933." Approved, May 27, 1933. pt defetiso declares. Citatonotitle