Full text of Reciprocal Tariff Act of 1934
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73d CONGRESS. [CHAPTER 473.] SESS. II. CHS. 473, 474. 943 JUNE 12, 1934. A T A fYF June 12, 1934. [H.R. 7317.1 [Public, No. 315,] To provide for the final construction, on behalf of the United States, of postal treaties or conventions to which the United States is a party. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the s United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 398 with forerinnge trent of the Revised Statutes (U.S.C., title 5, sec. 372), is hereby amended R.S. sec. 398 p. 87; to read as follows: "For of Post- Authority the purpose of making better postal arrangements with master General. foreign countries, or to counteract their adverse measures affecting our postal intercourse with them, the Postmaster General, by and with the advice and consent of the President, may negotiate and conclude postal treaties or conventions, and may reduce or increase the rates of postage or other charges on mail matter conveyed between the United States and foreign countries: Provided, That the decisions of the Postmaster General construing or interpreting the provisions of any treaty or convention which has been or may be negotiated and concluded shall, if approved by the President, be final and conclusive upon all officers of the United States." Approved, June 12, 1934. [CHAPTER 474.] approved President, AN ACT To amend the Tariff Act of 1930. by nding. June 12, 1934. [H.R. 8687.] [Public, No. 316.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Tariff Act of 1930 is amended by adding at the end of title III the following: "PART pretations, when III-PROMOTION OF FOREIGN TRADE "SEC. 350. (a) For the purpose of expanding foreign markets for the products of the United States (as a means of assisting in the present emergency in restoring the American standard of living, in overcoming domestic unemployment and the present economic depression, in increasing the purchasing power of the American public, and in establishing and maintaining a better relationship among various branches of American ,agriculture, industry, mining. and commerce) by regulating the admission of foreign goods into the United States in accordance with the characteristics and needs of various branches of American production so that foreign markets will be made available to those branches of American production which require and are capable of developing such outlets by affording corresponding market opportunities for foreign products in the Tariff Act of 1930, amended. Vol. 46, p. 708. Promotion of foreign trade. Presient for eredan ing forein markets for U. products. .on of foreign goods. United States, the President, whenever he finds as a fact that any dutWenerexecistin duties are found to be existing duties or other import restrictions of the United States or unduly burdening. any foreign country are unduly burdening and restricting the foreign trade of the United States and that the purpose above declared will be promoted by the means hereinafter specified, is authorized from time to time- "(1) To enter into foreign trade agreements with foreign govern- eiy enter ie ments or instrumentalities thereof; and fors stmoi "(2) To proclaim such modifications of existing duties and other T Proclaim ltions of existing limited for duties, such or restrictions, import import restrictions, or such additional continuance, and for such minimum periods, of existing customs or excise treatment of any article covered by foreign trade agreements, as are required or appropriate to carry out any foreign trade agreement that the President has entered into hereunder. No proclama- tion shall be made increasing or decreasing by more than 50 per pod Limitations 944 73d CONGRESS. SESS. II. CH. 474. JUNE 12, 1934. centum any existing rate of duty or transferring any article between Application of lamation. proc- the dutiable and free lists. The proclaimed duties and other import restrictions shall apply to articles the growth, produce, or manu- facture of all foreign countries, whether imported directly, or rosis o.f - cation. Termination. Treatyof commercial reciprocitwith Cuba. Vot.3, .2136. Applicatonof. indirectly: Provided, That the President may suspend the application to articles the growth, produce, or manufacture of any country because of its discriminatory treatment of American commerce or because of other acts or policies which in his opinion tend to defeat the purposes set forth in this section; and the proclaimed duties and other import restrictions shall be in effect from and after such time as is specified in the proclamation. The President may at any time terminate any such proclamation in whole or in part. "(b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the application, with respect to rates of duty established under this section pursuant to agreements with countries other than Cuba, of the provisions of the treaty of commercial reciprocity concluded between the United States and the Republic of Cuba on December 11, 1902, or to preclude giving effect to an exclusive agreement with Cuba concluded under this section, modifying the existing preferen- tial customs treatment of any article the growth, produce, or atlimitation. manufacture of Cuba: Provided, That the duties payable on such an article shall in no case be increased or decreased by more than 50 "Duties and other import restrictions" defined. per centum of the duties now payable thereon. "(c) As used in this section, the term 'duties and other import restrictions' includes (1) rate and form of import duties and classi- fication of articles, and (2) limitations, prohibitions, charges, and exactions other than duties, imposed on importation or imposed for ounteriling duties. Vo. 46 p. 625. oqalition of costs ol. 46, pp 701, 73. trae agreement con the regulation of imports." SE. in 2. (a) Subparagraph (d) of paragraph 369, the last sen- tence of paragraph 1402, and the provisos to paragraphs 371, 401, 1650, 1687, and 1803 (1) of the Tariff Act of 1930 are repealed. The provisions of sections 336 and 516(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930 shall not apply to any article with respect to the importation of which into the United States a foreign trade agreement has been concluded pursuant to this Act, or to any provision of any such The third paragraph of section 311 of the Tariff Act Flour from mported agreement. of 1930 shall apply to any agreement concluded pursuant to this hV.4t, p. 691. Act to the extent only that such agreement assures to the United States a rate of duty on wheat flour produced in the United States which is preferential in respect to the lowest rate of duty imposed by the country with which such agreement has been concluded on payment of duty like flour produced in any other country; and upon the withdrawal from upon withdrawal of wheat four from bonded manufacturing warehouses for exportableid wvarehouse. tion to the country wit wwhich such agreement has been concluded, there shall be levied, collected, and paid on the imported wheat used, a duty equal to the amount of such assured preference. (b) Every foreign trade agreement concluded pursuant to this Term of agreement. Act shall be subject to termination, upon due notice to the foreign government concerned, at the end of not more than three years from the date on which the agreement comes into force, and, if not then terminated, shall be subject to termination thereafter upon not more than six months' notice. (c) The authority of the President to enter into foreign trade Diaetion of rrets agreements under section 1 of this Act shall terminate on the expiration of three years from the date of the enactment of this Act. SEC. 3. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to give any authorforindebtedness ity to cancel or reduce, in any manner, any of the indebtedness of niteId tates. any foreign country to the United States. cluded. 73d CONGRESS. SESS. II. CHS. 474-476. 945 JUNE 12,1934. SEC. 4. Before any foreign trade agreement is concluded with any Notice of intention foreign government or instrumentality thereof under the provisionsnegotateagreement. of this Act, reasonable public notice of the intention to negotiate an agreement with such government or instrumentality shall be given in order that any interested person may have an opportunity to present his views to the President, or to such agency as the President may designate, under such rules and regulations as the President may prescribe; and before concluding such agreement the President shall seek information and advice with respect thereto from the United States Tariff Commission, the Departments of State, Agriculture, and Commerce and from such other sources as he may deem appropriate. Approved, June 12, 1934, 9.15 p.m. [CHAPTER 475.] ATN ACrT Granting the consent of Congress to the State of Indiana to construct, maintain, and operate a free highway bridge across the Grand Calumet River near Clark Street, in Gary, Indiana. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the consent of Congress is hereby granted to the State of Indiana to construct, maintain, and operate a free highway bridge and approaches thereto across the Grand Calumet River, at a point suitable to the interests of navigation, at or near a point east of Clark Street, Gary, Indiana, in accordance with the provisions of an Act entitled "An Act to regulate the construction of bridges over navigable waters", approved March 23, 1906. SEC. 2. The right to alter, amend, or repeal this Act is hereby expressly reserved. Approved June 12, 1934. [CHAPTER 476.] Grand Calumet River. Indiana may bridge, at Gary. Construction. Vol. 34, p. 84. Amendment. AN ACT AN ACT Granting the consent of Congress to the State of Alabama, its agent or agencies, and to Colbert County and to Lauderdale County in the State of Alabama, and to the city of Sheffield, Colbert County, Alabama, and to the city of Florence, Lauderdale County, Alabama, or to any two of them, or to either of them, to construct, maintain, and operate a bridge, and approaches thereto, across the Tennessee River at a point between the city of Sheffield, Alabama, and the city of Florence, Alabama, suitable to the interests of navigation. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the consent of Congress is hereby granted to the State of Alabama, its agent or agencies, and to Colbert County and to Lauderdale County in the State of Alabama, and to the city of Sheffield, Colbert County, Alabama, and to the city of Florence Lauderdale County, Alabama, or to any two of them, or to either of them, to construct, maintain, and operate a bridge, and approaches thereto across the Tennessee River, at a point suitable to the interests of navigation, between the city of Florence, Alabama, and the city of Sheffield, Alabama, in accordance with the provisions of an Act entitled "An Act to regulate the construction of bridges over navigable waters ", approved March 23, 1906. SEC. 2. The right to alter, amend, or repeal this Act is hereby expressly reserved. Approved, June 12, 1934. 86637 -34---60 June 12,1934. [H.R. 9064.] [Public, No. 317.] June 12, 1934. [(.R. 9141.1 [IPublic, No. 318.) Tennessee River. Alabama, etc., may bridge, between Sheffield and Florence. Construction. Vol. 34, p. 84. Amendment.