View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

U N IT E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Frances Perkins, Secretary
B U R E A U OF L A B O R ST A T IS T IC S
Isador Lubin, Commissioner ( on leave )
A . F. Hinrichs, A cting Commissioner

+

Prison Labor in the
U nited States
1940
+
By
R IC H A R D F. JONES, Jr.
o f the

D iv is io n o f C o n s t r u c t io n a n d P u b lic E m p lo y m e n t
H E R M A N B* B Y E R , Chief

B ulletin ?s[o. 698

U N IT E D S T A T E S
G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G OFFICE
W A S H IN G T O N : 1941

For sale by the Superintendent o f Documents, Washington, D . C.




Price 30 cents

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
F ran c es P e r k in s , Secretary

♦
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S

I

s

ta
A. F.

H

i

,

L

Commissioner
j d
b

ns

,

D o n a ld H . D a v e n p o rt, C h ie f, E m p lo y ­
m e n t and Occupational O u tlo o k
Branch
H e n r y J . F itzg e ra ld , C h ie f, Business
M anagem ent Branch
H u g h S. H a n n a , C h ie f, E d ito ria l and
Research

(

o

io

Acting Commissioner
r
i

n

n r
c

l
h

Aryness J o y , C h ie f, Prices and C ost
of L iv in g B ranch.
N . A rn o ld Tolies, C h ie f, W o rk in g C o n ­
ditions and In d u s tria l Relations
Branch
Sidney W . W ilco x, C h ie f Statistician

C H IE F S O F D IV IS IO N S

H e rm a n B . B y e r, C o n stru ctio n and
Public E m p lo y m e n t
J . M . C u tts , Wholesale Prices
W . D u a n e E v a n s , P ro d u c tiv ity and
Technological Developm ents
Swen K ja e r , In dustrial Accidents
Jo h n J . M a h a n e y , M achine T a b u la ­
tion
R o b e rt J . M y e rs , W age and H o u r
Statistics
Florence Peterson, In d u strial R e la ­
tions
ii




Charles F . S h a rk e y, L a b o r L a w In ­
form ation
Boris S te rn , L a b o r In fo rm a tio n Serv­
ice
Stella S te w a rt, R e ta il Prices
Le w is E . T a lb e rt, E m p lo y m e n t S ta ­
tistics
E m m e tt H . W elch, Occupational O u t ­
look
F a ith M . W illiam s, C ost of L iv in g

e

CONTENTS
Page

Preface_____________________________________________________________________
Summary-----------------------Scope and method of study________________________________________________
Systems of work___________________________________________________________
Trends in prison population, employment, and production________________
Employment status of prisoners___________________________________________
Productive employment in relation to sex of prisoners____________________
Scheduled weekly working hours___________________________________________
Type of industry___________________________________________________________
Type of production________________________________________________________
Comparison of production in prisons and private industry________________
Sale of prison-made goods_________________________________________________
Production under public works and ways system__________________________
Compensation to productively employed prisoners________________________
Kind, quantity, and value of production__________________________________
Appendix A.— General tables______________________________________________
Appendix B.— Index of items produced in State and Federal prisons_____

vn
1
2
3
6
10
12
16
19
21
24
27
29
32
37
53
281

L ist o f T a b le s
T able
T able
T able

T able

T able
T able
T able
T able

T able
T able

1.— Percent of prisoners productively employed in State and
Federal prisons, 1885-1940, classified by systems of work__
2.— Value of production in State and Federal prisons, 1923, 1932,
1940, by systems of work__________________________________
3.— Prisoners under sentence and productively employed, and
value^of production in State and Federal prisons, by State,
1923, 1932, and 1940______________________________________
4.— Indexes of prisoners under sentence, prisoners productively
employed, and value of production in State and Federal
prisons, by State, 1932 and 1940__________________________
5.— Employment status of prisoners in State and Federal prisons,
by State, 1940_____________________________________________
6.— Prisoners productively employed in individual State and
Federal prisons, by sex, 1940_______________________________
7.— Scheduled weekly working hours of prisoners productively
employed in State and Federal prisons, 1932 and 1940_____
8.— Percentage distribution of prisoners productively employed
in State and Federal prisons, by State and scheduled hours
per week, 1940_____________________________________________
9.— Prisoners productively employed in State and Federal prisons
in each State, classified by type of work, 1940_____________
10.— Prisoners productively employed and value of production in
State and Federal prisons, by type of production, 1932 and
1940________________________________________________________




hi

5
6

8

9
11
13
16

18
20

22

IV

CONTENTS
Page

T able
T able

T able

T able
T able
T able

1 1 .— Value of production in State and Federal prisons in 1940,
and in p rivate industry in 1939________________________
12 .— Value o f goods produced under State-account and piece-price
systems in individual State prisons, sold inside a nd outside
o f S tate, 1940_______________________________________
13.— Prisoners productively employed and value o f production
under the public works and w ays system in State and
Federal prisons in each S tate, 19 40____________________
14 .— K in d , q u a n tity , and value of production in State and Federal
prisons, b y system o f w o rk , 1940______________________
A . —K in d , q u a n tity , a nd value o f production in in d ivid u a l State
prisons, b y system o f w o rk, 1940______________________
B . — K in d , q u a n tity , and value o f production in in dividu a l Federal
prisons, b y system of w o rk , 1940______________________




24

27

30
40
62
262

LE TTE R OF T R A N S M IT T A L

U n it ed S tates D epar tm en t of L a b o r ,
B u r e a u of L abor S ta tistic s ,
Washington, D . C., June 18, 1941 .
The S e c retary of L a b o r :

I have the honor to transmit herewith a report on prison labor in
the United States in 1940, which was made as the result of a joint
resolution by the Congress authorizing the Bureau to collect informa­
tion on the quantity, kind, value, and disposition of all goods produced
in Federal and State prisons. It is a continuation of similar studies
of prison labor made by the Bureau periodically since 1885, the last
previous study having been made in 1932.
A. F. H in r ic h s , Acting Commissioner.
Hon. F ran ces P e r k in s ,
Secretary of Labor .







PR E F A C E
Pursuant to a request of the Congress, the Bureau of Labor Statis­
tics has recently completed a survey of prison labor in State and
Federal prisons of the United States. Similar surveys have been
made at intervals of 8 or 10 years since 1885. The primary purpose
of this study was to determine the quantity and value of the several
kinds o f articles produced or work done b y prisoners during the 1940
fiscal year, together with the system under which the goods were pro­
duced or disposed of, and the number o f prisoners so employed.

The survey was directed and the report prepared by Richard F.
Jones, Jr., under the general supervision of Herman B. Byer, chief of
the Bureau’s Division of Construction and Public Employment.
The Bureau wishes to express its appreciation to the various State
and Federal officials, as well as their office personnel, for their whole­
hearted assistance and courteous reception of the Bureau’s agents.
Acknowledgment for valuable suggestions is also extended to the
Federal Bureau of Prisons, the Bureau of the Census, and the Division
of Statistical Standards.




V II




B u lletin J^o. 698 o f the
U n ite d States B u rea u o f Labor Statistics

Prison Labor in the U nited States, 1940
Sum m ary

The various systems under which State and Federal prisoners have
been employed and the disposal of the goods produced in prisons have
for many years received the active attention o f organized labor, prison
authorities, manufacturers, legislators, and others familiar with prison
problems. There has been strong opposition to the sale of prison-made
goods on the open market in direct competition with the products of
free labor. Those States which wished to restrict the inflow of prisonmade products were hampered in their efforts by the fact that, under
the Constitution, control of the interstate transportation of goods
rests in the hands of the Federal Government.
In i929, however, Congress passed the Hawes-Cooper Act, which

divested prison-made goods of their interstate character and thus
enabled any State to prohibit within its borders the sale of goods made
in the prisons of other States. This act became effective in 1934. In
the years immediately following the enactment of the Hawes-Cooper
Act, a large majority of the States restricted, by law, the sale and
movement of prison products.
The Ashurst-Sumners Act, which became effective in 1935, ma­
terially strengthened the Hawes-Cooper A ct and also supplemented
State prison-labor legislation. It prohibited the transportation of prison
products into any State in violation of the laws of that State. In
1940, the Congress went one step farther and enacted legislation, to be
effective in October 1941, which, with certain exceptions, prohibits
the transportation into any State of prison goods made in another.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics has made surveys o f prison labor at
8- or 10-year intervals since 1885. A comparison of the 1940 survey
with that for 1932 shows the changes which have occurred in the
amount o f prison labor and the volume and character of production
since the Hawes-Cooper and Ashurst-Sumners Acts became effective.
The average number o f prisoners under sentence in State and Federal
prisons increased from 158,947 in 1932 to 191,776 in 1940. During
the same period, the average number of prisoners productively
employed changed but slightly from 82,276 to 83,515. Thus, the
proportion of all prisoners productively employed decreased from 52
1




2

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

1940

percent in 1932 to 44 percent in 1940. Contractors employed less than
1 percent of those productively employed in 1940, as compared with
16 percent in 1932. Furthermore, in 1940 only 12 percent of the
employed prisoners produced goods which were sold for State account
on the open market, in contrast to 19 percent in 1932. Approximately
88 percent of the productively employed prisoners in 1940, as against
65 percent in 1932, were engaged in constructing or improving public
property and in producing goods for use within the same institution or
for sale to other State or Federal institutions or departments.
The decrease in the proportion of productively employed prisoners
was accompanied by a 25-percent drop in the value of prison produc­
tion— from approximately $75,369,000 in 1932 to $56,732,000 in 1940.
The average annual value of product per employed prisoner declined
from $916 in 1932 to $679 in 1940, or 26 percent.
A m ajority of the prisoners without productive employment in 1940
(constituting 36 percent of all prisoners) were assigned to maintenance
duties. Six percent of the total prison population attended school as
a m ajor daily assignment, 8 percent were sick or otherwise unavailable
for work, and 6 percent were available for work but had no duties
provided.
T o offset losses in revenues and to alleviate the grave problem of
idleness among prisoners, various solutions have been tried. Among
the m ost effective have been surveys of State-use markets, the creation
of prison-industry boards, commissions, or corporations, and State
legislation tending toward compulsory purchase of prison goods by
State agencies. Federal institutions and State institutions of 27 States
(12 of which employed salesmen) reported that in 1940 they made
some attempt to promote the sale of prison-made goods. Typical of
the methods reported are the circulation of catalogs and the coor­
dination of prison production with the needs of State purchasing
officers.
Scope and M ethod o f Study

The 1940 survey* included 125 State and 25 Federal prisons; in
addition, 3 county prisons and 1 city prison, which by arrangement
with their respective States house State prisoners, were included
with the State prisons. These totals included 2 State prisons (the
reformatories for women in Arkansas and Rhode Island) and 1 Fed­
eral prison (the prison camp in the State of Washington) which had
no productive activity in 1940, but excluded 6 Federal prisons which
were not in operation during a m ajor portion of the fiscal year. The
coverage was complete therefore, for all Federal and State prisons for
adults which were in operation during the major part of the fiscal year.1
Although all figures in the survey covered a 12-month period end1 For a complete list of the prisons surveyed, see table 6. To simplify tabulation and analysis, the penal
institutions of the District of Columbia have been considered as State institutions.




SYSTEMS OF WORK

3

ing in 1940, the end o f the fiscal year occurred in different months in
the various prisons. The 129 institutions housing State prisoners
terminated the fiscal year on the following dates: 6 prisons, M ay 31 ;
87 prisons, June 30; 7 prisons, September 30; 10 prisons, Novem ber 30 ;
and 19 prisons, December 31. All data for Federal prisons covered
the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, except those for farm products
which were reported for the year ending Novem ber 30, 1940.
Agents o f the Bureau visited each of the 154 institutions covered
and personally examined the records and interviewed the prison
authorities.

The figures on production were in most cases obtained from the
books, invoices, or other records of the institutions and referred to
the quantities produced during the year covered. Allowance was
made for sales in excess of production, and inventory increases were
estimated on the basis of average selling prices during the fiscal year.
In some cases, where goods were transferred from the shops to the
steward’s department within the same institution at net cost of
materials, the Bureau’s agents in conference with prison officials
substituted a market value based upon such factors as (a) the prison’s
sale price for identical or similar articles, (b) the current wholesale
price of the commodity on the local market, and (c) the current whole­
sale price in the nearest city for which data were available.
The value of construction projects covered only that portion con­
structed dining the fiscal year. Valuations were usually based upon
appraisals by highway commissions, engineers, State appraisers, or
private appraisers employed by the State.
The production data include some unavoidable duplications. For
instance, wheat which is reported under farm production may be
processed into cereal and bran and reported under grist-mill produc­
tion. Part of this latter product may be fed to livestock which in
turn shows an inventory increase on the prison records. Sugarcane
may be included under farm production and again, after being proc­
essed, as sirup and raw sugar.
System s o f W ork

Over the period since 1885, when the Bureau conducted its first sur­
vey of prison labor, prison-made goods have been produced under six
systems of work. A description of the various systems follows.
State-use system .— Under this system, an institution conducts a
business of manufacture or other production, but the use or sale of the
product is limited to the same institution or to some other State or
Federal institution or department. Such other State institution or
department may be under the control of the State proper or any of its
minor subdivisions. This system also covers the sale of goods to an
institution of another State. The principle of the State-use system is to




4

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED 'STATES,

1940

make the prison product available to public institutions but to avoid
direct competition with free-labor products.
P ublic works and w a ys system .— This system is, in effect, the same
as the State-use system, the only difference being in the character of
the work performed. The public works and ways system applies not
to consumption goods, but to the construction and repair of prison
and other public buildings, roads, parks, bridges and to such kindred
work as flood control, reforestation, and land clearance. This work is
all of a more or less permanent character as distinguished from purely
maintenance and repair work.
State-account system . — Under this system the prison operates a man­
ufacturing business or other productive enterprise and disposes of the
product on the general market in competition with goods produced by
free labor. If the business is one of manufacturing, the institution
buys the raw material, sells the finished product, and assumes the
business risks in the same way as a private manufacturer. However,
the product may be disposed of in part under the State-use system and
in part under the State-account system. T o illustrate, part o f the
flour and bran milled in a prison from wheat it has raised m ay be
consumed within the institution and the rest sold on the open market.
Contract system . — Under this system an outside contractor contracts
with the institution for the labor of prisoners at a stipulated amount
per capita per day. The institution houses, feeds, and guards the
prisoners, and the contractor furnishes the raw materials and generally
his own foremen, machinery, and tools.
Piece-jprice system . — This system differs from the contract system in
only one respect: The contractor pays the institution on the basis of an
agreed price per unit of product rather than per unit of labor.
Lease system .— Under this system, which is no longer operative in
State and Federal prisons, the prison enters into a contract with a
lessee who agrees to receive, feed, clothe, house, and guard the prison­
ers, and to pay the State a stipulated amount per day per man.
T w o distinct trends in prison labor are apparent from the Bureau’s
surveys. First, the systems o f work which permitted the exploitation
of the prison population for private gain have practically disappeared.
Second, the proportion of prisoners productively employed has
decreased consistently.
In 1885, 74 percent of the prisoners productively employed were
working primarily for the benefit of private contractors. Table 1
indicates the steady decrease in this percentage through the years.
The lease system, the most condemned of all, had disappeared b y 1923.
In 1940 no prisoners were foimd working under the contract system
and iess than 1 percent were employed under the piece-price system.
Inversely, the percentage of productively employed prisoners work­
ing under those systems wherein the State exerts all control and




5

SYSTEMS OF WORK

receives all benefits has risen from 26 percent in 1885 to slightly less
than 100 percent in 1940. M oreover, efforts to restrict open-market
sales and direct competition with free labor have been reflected in a
sharp decrease in the percentage of inmates working under the Stateaccount system. True, there was an upswing between 1905 and 1914
caused by the understandable and oftentimes necessary efforts of
authorities to offset the losses in revenue resulting from the large
decrease in the number o f prisoners employed under the three con­
tract systems. But, as restrictive State statutes began to appear in
increasing numbers, it was generally recognized that the complete
adoption o f the two types o f State-use systems should be the ultimate
goal. As a result, in 1940 only 12 percent o f the productively employed
prisoners were engaged in producing goods for sale to other than public
institutions and agencies. The percentage o f the employed prisoners
producing exclusively for public use rose from 26 percent in 1905 to
88 percent in 1940, having jumped 23 percent since 1932.
Unfortunately, this commendable effort to supplant all other systems
b y the State-use aud public works and ways systems has resulted in
a very marked decrease in the number o f employed prisoners. Whereas
in 1885, 75 percent of all prisoners incarcerated in State and Federal
prisons were productively employed, in 1940 only 44 percent were so
engaged.
T a b l e 1 .— P ercen t o f P rison ers P rod u ctively E m p lo yed in State and F ederal P riso n s ,
1 8 8 5 -1 9 4 0 , C lassified b y S ystem s o f W ork
Percent of prisoners productively employed
systems oi worK.
1885
All systems____ - __________________________________

1895

1905

1914

1923

1932

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

18
8
21
8
36
9

22
11
31
6
26
4

36
19
26
7
12
0

42
23
19
11
5
0

59
29
12

61

52

State-use_........- _____ ___________ ___________ ______ 1
Public works and ways____________________________ 1 126
State-account _ ___________________________________
8
Piece-price_________________________________________
40
Contract_______________ *__________________________
26
Lease______________________________________________
Percent of all prisoners under sentence engaged in
productive labor..................................... ......................

75

(
i 33 1
l
14
34
19
72

65

(3
)

1940

(a
)

0
0
44

1No separation made of State-account, State-use, and public works and ways system in this year.
>Less than 1 percent.
•Not reported.

The ascendancy of the two types of State-use systems at the expense
o f those under which goods flow to the open market is strikingly shown
in table 2 also. The value of production under the former systems
rose from approximately 38 percent to 84 percent of the total between
1923 and 1940, while the value of goods produced under the latter
systems declined from a high of 62 percent to a low of 16 percent.
Especially significant is the curtailment in the production volume, in
the two types o f contract shops, to only half of 1 percent of the total
value in 1940.




6

P R IS O N

LABOR

IN

T H E . U N IT E ©

STATES,

1940

The value of State-use products was 61 percent higher in 1940 than
in 1932. The rate o f increase was faster during this period than
between 1923 and 1932. A drop of almost $8,500,000 in the value of
road construction in 4 Southern States— Alabama, Florida, Georgia,
and Virginia— was primarily responsible for the noticeably large de­
crease in the value o f public works and ways construction between
1932 and 1940.
T a b l e 2 .— V alu e o f P rodu ction in State and F ederal P riso n s , 1 9 2 3 , 19 32, and 1 9 4 0 , b y
S ystem s o f W ork
Value of commodities produced

Percent of total value

1923

1932

1940

1923

1932

All systems................................................

$76,096,960

$75, 369, 471

$56,731,654

100.0

100.0

100.0

State-use....................................................
Public works and ways...... .....................
State-account.................. ................... .......
Piece-price............................................... —
Contract........... ................................... .......

13,753, 201
15,331, 545
16,421,878
12, 340,986
18, 249, 350

21,260,411
25,159,152
12,367,646
10, 522, 200
6,060,062

34,159, 572
13,448,838
8,823, 266
299,978
0

18.1
20.1
21.6
16.2
24.0

28.2
33.4
16.4
14.0
8.0

60.2
23.7
15.6
0.5
0

Systems of work
1940

Trends in P rison Population , E m ploym ent, and Production

The prison population o f the State and Federal institutions surveyed
increased 88 percent between 1923 and 1932 and 126 percent between
1923 and 1940, according to figures in tables 3 and 4. The correspond­
ing increases since 1923 in the estimated total population o f the
United States were 12 percent by 1932 and 18 percent by 1940. The
number of persons under sentence in these prisons had in 1940 reached
a point where it approximated 1 in every 500 of the total population
16 years of age and over.
Despite efforts to spread the work and to establish new outlets for
prison products, the indexes o f prisoners productively employed and of
value o f production do not reflect the increases in the number under
sentence. In fact, although there was little change in the value of
production between 1923 and 1932, the value of 1940 production was
only 75 percent of that in 1923.
A greater increase in the number of prisoners productively employed
than in the total prison population indicates a more extensive use of
available prisoners, but a greater increase in value o f output than in
number employed denotes a more intensive use o f those employed.
In State prisons o f only two States— New Jersey and Oregon— were
there increases between 1932 and 1940 in both the percentage employed
and the value o f product per employed prisoner. In all other States,
either employment failed to keep pace with population or production
failed to keep pace with employment.
In every State there were increases in State prison populations
between 1923 and 1932 which ranged from 5 percent in W yom ing to




P O P U L A T IO N , E M P L O Y M E N T , A N D

P R O D U C T IO N

7

193 percent in the District o f Columbia. In 1940 only 2 States—
Rhode Island and W yom ing— had fewer State prisoners than in 1923,
but 15 States had a smaller penal population than in 1932.
State institutions in 6 States in 1932 and in 15 States in 1940
employed a smaller number o f prisoners than they did in 1923. There
were 28 States which furnished productive work to fewer inmates in
1940 than in 1932. Between 1923 and 1932, 17 States, led by Idaho,
showed a greater percentage increase in prisoners productively
employed than in the total under sentence, while between 1923 and
1940 the indexes indicate that only 9 States accomplished this same
result.
Losses in the value of products suffered by State prisons in 22
States from 1923 to 1932 were largely offset by the gains made by
those in the other States, resulting in a net loss for all State prisons of
only 3 percent. The real depression in State prison production is
vividly brought to light in the data for 1940: between 1923 and 1940
a loss in total com m odity values of over 33 percent was sustained.
Production in 1940 was below the 1923 level in 28 States and failed to
reach the 1932 volume in 35 States. However, 12 States produced at
least 50 percent more in 1940 than in 1923; and for 7 of these— the
District of Columbia, Idaho, Louisiana, New Jersey, New Mexico,
Oregon, and Texas— the gain was more than 100 percent.
Reference to table 3 reveals that in the period 1923-1940 the State
prisons in 13 States suffered production losses of over $1,000,000 each,
which aggregated more than $31,000,000. Gains of over $1,000,000
each occurred in North Carolina, Louisiana, and Texas.
The total inmate population of the Federal prisons covered in the
1940 survey was almost 3K times that of the Federal prisons covered in
1923, but the number of prisoners productively employed rose only
95 percent in the same period. However, the value of product per
employed prisoner increased to such an extent that there was a gain in
total value o f 219 percent between 1923 and 1940. The value of
product per employed prisoner in 1940 was almost 80 percent higher
in Federal than in State institutions.
Data in table 3 show the great expansion in the number and locations
o f Federal institutions since 1923. In that year there were included
in the survey 3 prisons in 3 States, in 1932 there were 12 prisons
located in 9 States, and in 1940 there were 25 prisons distributed
among 20 States. In consequence o f this extensive building program,
there have been numerous transfers o f prisoners and changes in pro­
duction facilities. Indexes b y States under these circumstances lack
significance and have accordingly been excluded from table 4.




8

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITER STATES,

1940

T a b l e 3 . — P rison ers U nder Sentence and P rod u ctively E m p lo yed , and V a lu e o f P rod u c­
tion in State and F ederal P riso n s , b y State , 1 9 2 3 , 1 9 3 2 , and 1 9 4 0

State

Average number of
prisoners under
sentence
1923

Total, State and
Federal prisons-----

1932

1940

Average number of
prisoners productively
employed
1923

1932

Value of commodities produced

1923

1940

1932

1940

84,761 158,947 191,776 51,799 82,276 83,515 $76,096,960 $75,369,471 $56,731,654
State prisons

All States.................... 79,350 145,421 173,284 48,336 77,267 76, 775 $73,668,879 $71,306,061 $48,995,818
Alabama....... ............. 2,988
383
Arizona_____________
Arkansas..................... 1,295
California......... .......... 3,841
Colorado____________ 1,003
916
Connecticut.............

4,837
591
1,425
7,675
1, 369
1, 378

6,940
812
2,161
8,843
1,690
1,198

2,553
56
1,053
2,541
795
528

3,763
225
867
4,394
354
738

5,002
206
1, 313
4,105
773
392

6,153,387
69, 573
300,623
1,463,332
922, 378
2,421,119

5, 525,751
262,116
232,409
2,651,567
137,187
698,804

2,595,089
120,404
427,649
1, 760,266
412,202
371,935

350
Delaware___________
539
District of Columbia.
1,426
Florida_____________
Georgia_______ _____ 3,822
280
Idaho....................... .
Illinois.................. ....... 4,450

527
1, 580
2,786
4,197
307
10,453

501
2,909
3,691
5,035
406
12, 776

245
220
1,028
3,698
42
2,531

312
676
1, 739
3,328
203
4,577

183
1,166
2,423
3,222
60
3,773

431,661
297,479
2,199,796
5,084,188
20,045
1,320,687

226,018
712,020
2,205,647
4,962, 727
198,613
2,030,032

68, 394
747, 500
869,964
1,373.678
40,824
1, 583,135

Indiana........................
Iowa.............. ..............
Kansas........................
Kentucky................ —
Louisiana_____ _____
Maine..........................

2,946
1,851
1, 225
2,043
1, 596
338

6, 309
2,904
2, 731
3, 575
2,782
515

5,765
2,580
2,485
4,731
3,127
691

1,369
1,400
881
1,695
1,110
278

3,780
1,988
1,326
2,407
1,644
152

2,517
1,173
999
442
1,980
407

1, 702,369
2,051, 389
807,453
6,961,220
257,992
454,154

2,233,989
2,721,769
657,364
3,115,445
979,230
33,435

1,642,653
855, 355
488,943
441,802
1,335,900
141,865

Maryland__________
Massachusetts______
Michigan.................. .
Minnesota__________
Mississippi..................
Missouri-..................

1,495
1,964
3, 381
1,488
1, 572
2,828

2,586
3, 586
9,735
2,449
2,104
4,981

2,856
4,135
9,187
2,638
2,610
4,482

1,212
966
2,110
875
1,252
1,813

1,341
1,781
4,164
1, 321
1, 370
2,222

906
1,801
2,294
1,362
2,058
1,424

2, 771,143
1,161,921
3,637,829
2,664,253
779, 571
4,426,097

2,099,867
2,002,267
4,203, 736
2,989,332
393,663
3,103,964

1,034,613
1,830,223
1,879,327
3,299,415
639,066
1, 387, 709

Montana................___
Nebraska....................
Nevada_______ _____
New Hampshire____
New Jersey_________
New Mexico...............
New Y o r k ................

340
805
147
138
1,850
399
6, 512

615
1,212
255
179
3,349
560
11,485

523
1,140
260
267
3,633
657
16,906

119
627
30

503
193
2,395

10
0

107
830
74
140
1,421
263
4,321

120
512
17
205
1, 397
274
4, 315

71,874
677,947
22, 769
218, 000*
409, 363
37,175
1,789, 397

194,853
866,226
71,473
186, 577
1,210, 588
59,217
3,780, 581

78, 506
527,100
16, 549
127,287
1,224,044
85,242
2,712,861

1,102
North Carolina l
220
North Dakota............
Ohio ........................... 4,128
Oklahoma__________ 2,051
424
Oregon........ ................
Pennsylvania............. 4,336

9,748
2,877
308
417
8,941 . 9,669
4,087
4,117
851
1,033
6,314
7,054

935
122
1, 751
1,271
163
987

1,834
197
3,886
2,064
352
2,148

7,930
172
3,256
2,108
453
2,269

1,638,233
374,448
1, 323, 291
1,940, 751
129,402
1,148,163

805,211
436,967
2,290,190
979, 592
265, 301
2,492,075

3,265,842
354,496
1,626,360
1,234,364
524, 593
1,958,508

570
Rhode Island_______
537
South Carolina..........
309
South Dakota______
Tennessee__________ 1,691
Texas........................... 3,744
188
Utah............................

657
1,142
524
2,941
5,550
312

416
1, 376
399
3,254
6,687
412

329
452
232
1, 359
2,749
39

421
459
405
2,063
4,462
37

127
505
138
1,871
4,138
135

1,458,471
381,302
267, 731
2,120,055
925,291
86,847

464,788
393,797
528,415
1,609,161
1,371, 572
16, 573

70,519
393,586
241,472
1,124,486
3,145,725
89,912

Vermont_______ ____
Virginia.....................
Washington________
West Virginia_______
Wisconsin_________
Wyoming....................

344
1,439
1,094
1,645
1,188
399

430
3, 719
1,976
2,642
2,554
420

364
4,404
2,269
2,712
3,063
394

243
857
302
1,281
782
264

266
2,944
566
1, 555
1,502
278

140
3,460
875
921
1,262
194

615,280
2,303,610
215,604
2,879, 329
2, 558, 562
1, 716, 325

291,816
3,828,290
368,684
2, 592, 545
1, 565,052
259, 565

114,271
2,180,105
320,051
1,195,138
919,813
117,077

All States J- _ .............

5,411

13,526

18,492

3,463

5,009

$2,428,081

$4,063,410

$7,735,836

Federal prisons

Alabama__________
Arizona

_

California—. ________
Florida........................
Georgia.......................
Idaho......... ............. .
Kansas........................

529
2,479

3,526

2,454

4,993

See footnotes at end of table.




208
151
826
259
3,112
145
4,092

199
2,066

1,626

1,270

1,440

6,740
12
92
223
142
1,399
88
1,614

194,064
1,992, 779

1,566,898

283,943

1,236, 758

22,850
219,189
170, 787
123. 716
2,036,977
68,061
2,404. 026

POPULATION, EMPLOYMENT, AND PRODUCTION

9

T a b l e 3 . — P rison ers U nder Sentence and P rod u ctively E m p lo yed , and V alu e o f P rod u c­
tion in State and F ederal P riso n s , b y State , 1 9 2 3 , 1932, and 1 9 4 0 — C o n tin u ed

State

Average number of
prisoners under
sentence
1923

1932

1940

Average number of
prisoners productively
employed
1923

1932

1940

Value of commodities produced
1923

1932

1940

Federal prisons—Continued
Louisiana.............. .
Michigan_________
Minnesota___ _____
Missouri............ ......
New Hampshire___
New York________
Ohio...... ..............
Oklahoma................
Pennsylvania______
South Carolina 3
___
Texas_____________
Virginia__________
Washington_______
West Virginia...........

301
1,625
147
478

1,020
943
442

397
586
333
794
100
283
1,407

134
666

1,132
1,570
507
832
1,052
706

40
127

458
285
161

14
170
84
61
2
53
520

$78,238
349, 595

537
636
165
245
356
327

29,137
$151,359

131,430
410, 351
66,939

$11,107
104,238
47,015
47,482
842
28,187
458,106
541,950
720,201
75,251
132,290
215,008
307,653

i Road camps not included in 1923 and 1932.
5Includes 3 prisons in 3 States in 1923; 12 prisons in 9 States in 1932; and 25 prisons in 20 States in 1940.
sParris Island discontinued as naval prison in 1933.
T a b l e 4 .— In d exes o f P rison ers U nder Sentence , P rison ers P rod u ctively E m p loyed , and
V alu e o f P rod u ction in State and F ederal P riso n s , b y State , 1 9 3 2 and 1 9 4 0 1
[1 9 23

= 1 0 0 .0 ]

State

Average num­
Average num­
ber of prisoners ber of prisoners
productively
under sentence
employed

1932

1932

1940

Total, State and Federal prisons...... ..................... ..........

187.5

226.3

158.8

161.2

99.0

74.6

State prisons....... .......... ............ ..........................................

183.3

218.4

159.9

158.8

96.8

66.5

Alabama....................... ................. - ................... ..........
Arizona......... .......... ........... ....................... . . .......... . . .
Arkansas-------- ----------------------------- ---------------------California...........- ......................................... ..................
Colorado,............................. - ............ . . ......................
Connecticut.................................. ...............................

161.9
154.3
110.0
199.8
136.5
150.4

232.3
212.0
166.9
230.2
168.5
130.8

147.4
401.8
82.3
172.9
44.5
139.8

195.9
367.9
124.7
161.6
97.2
74.2

89.8
376.7
77.3
181.2
14.9
28.9

42.2
173.1
142.3
120.3
44.7
15.4

Delaware...... ............. .......... .....................................
District of Columbia....... ............................................
Florida.................... ..................... ................................ .
Georgia.................................................................... .......
Idaho.-------- --------------------------------------------------------Illinois............................................. ...............................

150.6
293.1
195.4
109.8
109.6
234.9

143.1
539.7
258.8
131.7
145.0
287.1

127.3
307.3
169.2
90.0
483.3
180.8

74.7
530.0
235.7
87.1
142.9
149.1

52.4
239.4
100.3
97.6
990.8
153.7

15.8
251.3
39.5
27.0
203.7
119.9

Indiana........... ........................ ............. ........................
Iowa....... ................................................ .................... .
Kansas..................................... ............. ........................
Kentucky--------------------- -------- -----------------------------Louisiana....... ............................... .................... ..........
Maine........................... ..................................................

214.2
156.9
222.9
175.0
174.3
152.4

195.7
139.4
202.9
231.6
195.9
204.4

276.1
142.0
150.5
142.0
148.1
54.7

183.9
83.8
113.4
26.1
178.4
146.4

131.2
132.7
81.4
44.8
379.6
7.4

96.5
41.7
60.6
6.3
517.8
31.2

Maryland.......... ...........................................................
Massachusetts-—______ _______________ _________
Michigan................................................................. .......
Minnesota...................................... .........................—
Mississippi............................................ .........................
Missouri— .......................................................... ..........

173.0
182.6
287.9
164.6
133.8
176.1

191.0
210.5
271.7
177.3
166.0
158.5

110.6
184.4
197.3
150.9
109.4
122.6

74.8
186.4
108.7
155.7
164.4
78.5

75.8
172.3
115.6
112.2
50.5
70.1

37.3
157.5
51.7
123.8
82.0
31.4

Montana............................................................... ........
Nebraska.......................................................................
Nevada....... ...................................... ...........................
New Hampshire-- . ^. ........ ................................... —
New Jersey...... ..............................................................
New Mexico.................... ..............................................

180.9
150.6
173.5
129.7
181.0
140.4

153.8
141.6
176.9
193.5
196.4
164.7

89.9
132.4
246. 7
140.0
282.5
136.3

100.8
81.7
56.7
205.0
277.7
142.0

271.1
127.8
313.9
85.6
295.7
159.3

109.2
77.7
72.7
58.4
299.0
229.3

See footnotes a t end of table.

408102°—42------ 2




1932

Value of pro­
duction

1940

1940

10

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATE S,

1940

T a b l e 4 . — In d exes o f P rison ers U nder Sentence , P rison ers P rod u ctively E m p loyed , and
V alu e o f P roduction in State and F ederal P riso n s , b y State , 1 9 3 2 and 1 9 4 0 — Con.

State

Average num­
ber of prisoners
under sentence

Average num­
ber of prisoners
productively
employed

Value of pro­
duction

1932

1940

1932

1940

1932

State prisons—Continued.
N ew Y ork_________________ __________ ____ ______
North Carolina2________________ ___________ ____
North D akota...... ................... ............ _.............. ........
O h io ...____ _____________________________________
Oklahoma------------------- ----------------------------------------Oregon........................................................... .................

176.4
261.1
189.5
216.6
200.7
200.7

259.6
884.6
140.0
234.2
199.3
243.6

180.4
196.1
161.5
221.9
162.4
216.0

180.2
848.1
141.0
186.0
165.9
277.9

211.3
49.2
116.7
173.1
50.5
205.0

151.6
199.4
94.7
122.9
63.6
405.4

Pennsylvania............................................ ...................
Rhode Island...... ................... ......................................
South Carolina............... - ............................................
South D akota................................ ............... ................
Tennessee.......... - ..............- ..........................................
Texas..................................................................... ..........

145.6
115.3
212.7
169.6
173.9
159.8

162.7
73.0
256.2
129.1
192.4
192.5

217.6
128.0
101.5
174.6
151.8
162.3

229.9
38.6
111.7
59.5
137.7
150.5

217.0
31.9
103.3
197.4
75.9
148.2

170.6
4.8
103.2
90.2
53.0
340.0

U tah............................................................. ...................
Verm ont......................... .......... ............ ............. ..........
Virginia........ ................... . ............................ ...........
Washington..................... ................................... ..........
West Virginia....... .............................................. ........
W isconsin.......... .............. ................... ....................... .
W yom ing......... ........................................................... .

166.0
125.0
258.4
180.6
160.6
215.0
105.3

219.1
105.8
306.0
207.4
164.9
257.8
98.7

94.9
109.5
343.5
187.4
121.4
192.1
105.3

346.2
57.6
403.7
289.7
71.9
161.4
73.5

19.1
47.4
166.2
171.0
90.0
61.2
15.1

103.5
18.6
94.6
148.4
41.5
36.0
6.8

250.0

341.7

144.6

194.6

167.4

318.6

Federal prisons............................... ........... .................... .

1940

1 Computed from figures in table 3.
2 Road camps not included in 1923 and 1932.

E m ploym ent Status o f Prisoners

O f 173,284 State prisoners under sentence in 1940, 76,775, or 44
percent, were productively employed. This ratio ranged from 7 per­
cent in Nevada to 81 percent in North Carolina. In only 15 o f the
States shown in table 5 were more than 50 percent o f the prisoners
employed in this manner. O f these employed prisoners 10,056, or 13
percent, were engaged in producing goods to be sold for State account,
this percentage being exceeded in only 20 o f the individual States.
The piece-price system utilized the services o f but 308 prisoners in
2 States— Florida and South Carolina.
In Federal prisons 36 percent o f the 18,492 inmates were assigned
to productive work, all o f which was carried on under the State-use
and public works and ways systems.
Prison duties or maintenance work were assigned to 35 percent of
all State prisoners in 1940, as compared with 47 percent o f those in
Federal prisons. Various authorities estimate that in the average
penal institution, not more than 25 percent of the inmates are actually
needed for this type o f work.
Some form o f supervised schooling was reported in the State prisons
of 37 States and in the Federal institutions o f 8 States in 1940.
Although 7 percent o f all State prisoners attended school, only about
1 percent o f the Federal prisoners did. These data include only those
convicts to whom school was a major daily assignment. In addition,
many prisoners in both State and Federal prisons subscribe to corre-




11

EMPLOYMENT STATUS OF PRISONERS

spondence-school courses which may also be used by other inmates.2
The proportion of idle prisoners was twice as high in State as in
Federal institutions in 1940, the percentages being 6 and 3, respec­
tively.3 On the other hand, 13 percent o f all Federal prisoners were
sick or otherwise unavailable for work as contrasted with 8 percent
of all State prisoners.
T a b l e 5. — E m p loym en t Status o f P rison ers in State and F ederal P riso n s , b y S tate, 1 9 4 0
Average number of prisoners under sentence
Productively employed under indi­
cated systems of work

State

Total

Sick
E n­
or
A t­
gaged tend­ other­
in
wise
ing
Public
Total
State- Piece- prison school un­
em­ State- works
duties
avail­
ac­
and
ployed use
count price
able
ways

Total, State and Federal
prisons.................................... 191,776 83,515 48,814 24,337 10,056

Idle

308 68,894 11,868 16,519 10,980

State prisons
All States................................... 173,284 76, 775 44,345 22,066 10,056
6,940
812
2,161
8,843
1,690
1,198
601
2,909
3, 691
5,035.
406
12,776
Indiana________ _____ ______
5,765
2,580
I o w a ________________ ____
2,485
Kansas______________________
4, 731
Kentucky_______________ ___
Louisiana________________ __ 3,127
691
M aine______________________
2,856
M aryland___________________
4,135
M assachusetts_____________
Michigan ________ _ _____
9,187
2, 638
Minnesota
___
2, 610
Mississippi__________________
4,482
Missouri__ _________________
523
M ontana __________________
1,140
Nebraska___________________
N ev a d a
260
N e w H am pshire
267
3,633
N ew Jersey_________________
657
N ew M exico________________
N ew York
___
__ __ . 16,906
9,748
North Carolina_____________
N orth D a k ota
308
9,669
Ohio _______________________
4,087
Oklahoma _
___
_ _
Oregon...................................... . 1.033

Alabama_____ ______________
Arizona_____________________
Arkansas
_______ __
California___________________
Colorado____________________
C onnecticu t________________
Delaware___________________
District of C o lu m b ia __ __
Florida................ .......................
Georgia_____________________
Idaho______ _______________
Illinois _

5,002
206
1, 313
4,105
773
392
183
1,166
2, 423
3,222
60
3,773
2, 517
1,173
999
442
1,980
407
906
1,801
2, 294
1, 362
2,058
1,424
120
512
17
205
1,397
274
4,315
7,930
172
3, 256
2,108
453

1,690
152
699
2,176
605
359
121
937
369
294
57
3,327
1,989
880
851
311
1, 478
271
630
1,801
2,100
427
730
783
120
441
17
201
1,326
175
3,676
695
71
3, 212
1,862
183

2,465
54
34
691
81
11
10
229
1,966
2,893
119
107
106
4
119
70
8
273

580
1,238
87
22
52
20
35
3
327
421
187
144
12
432
128
3

84

182
886
1,328
557

60

11

3
71
10
639
7,202
17
14
58
77

1

12
49

308 60,268 11,673 14,127 10,441

847

89
33
84
30
188
193

68

1,601
516
560
4, 277
696
644
259
1,461
541
1,428
120
6,701
2, 474
1,129
1,309
1, 324
1,019
221
658
1, 743
3, 574
910
358
1,838
274
361
101
57
1,498
223
6, 262
1,118
91
3,201
1,664
443

24
11
30
31
108
93
4
42
968
87
123
66
1,102
339
248
1, 795
254
98
82
125
8
182
2,581
979
149

333
66
277
342
70
49
59
282
634
381
21
821
614
143
106
102
128
43
200
308
949
104
194
410
47
30
15
5
274
12
2,354
700
11
1,998
166
27

4
89
120
5

163
513
73
12
5
1,761
20
753
35
575
8
712
112
119
282
148
1,394
34
235
110

2 According to information supplied b y the Federal Bureau of Prisons, during the fiscal year ending June
30.1940, there was in educational activities in Federal penal and correctional institutions an average regis­
tration of 6,700 prisoners and 7,937 enrollments. The enrollments were divided as follows: A cadem ic classes
2,268, vocational classes 883, special unit courses 1,487, correspondence courses 3,299. As shown on table 3,
the average daily population of these institutions for the year 1940 was 18,492. Therefore, approximately
36 percent of Federal prisoners were registered in educational activities during the fiscal year ending June
30.1940.
3 Due to the practice of assigning more than 1 person to a job in both Federal and State prisons, the amount
of idleness in prisons in the United States in 1940 was undoubtedly far greater than the 6 percent for State
prisons and the 3 percent for Federal prisons found in the assignment sheets would indicate. See also
discussion on p. 12.




12

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED 'STATES, 1940

T a b l e 5 . — E m p loym en t Status o f P rison ers in State and F ederal P riso n s , b y State, 1 9 4 0 —

Continued
Average number of prisoners under sentence
Productively employed under indi­
cated systems of work

Total

Sick
En­
or
At­
gaged tend­ other­
in
wise
prison ing
Total State- Public Stateun­
works
school avail­
em­
ac­ Pieceand count price duties
ployed use
able
ways

7,054
'416
1, 376
'399
3, 254
6'687
412
364
4,404
2,269
2,712
3,063
394

2,269
127
505
138
1,871
4,138
135
140
3,460
875
921
1,262
194

State

Idle

State prisons— Continued

Pennsylvania______________
Rhode Island______ ________
South Carolina __________
South Dakota_________ ____
Tennessee_________________
Texas_____________________
Utah.....................................Vermont _________________
Virginia__________________
Washington________________
West Virginia_____________
Wisennsin
W yom ing_____ __________

1,935
127
200
41
1,266
2,‘ 658
74
112
1,009
715
212
886
94

334
40
595
215
57
2,393
158
709
20
9

65
57
10
1,265
4
28
58
2

2,206
214
472
98
920
2,036
123
79
726
951
475
1,179
135

240

356
91

1, 554
16
33
18
162
20
29
6
3
16
277
10

330
24
140
20
100
493
20
33
215
160
166
127
24

267
1,150
218
31

195

2,392

539

20
4
115
38
319
13

4
1
16

695
35
226
125
201
105
106

Federal prisons

All States__________________ 18,492

6,740

Alabama __
_
____ ___
Arizona _________________
California_________________
Florida____________________
Georgia______ _____________
Idaho__ ___________________

208
151
826
259
3,112
145

12
92
223
142
1,399
88

Kansas _________________
Louisiana _________ - _____
Michigan__________ 1______
Minnesota ________________
Missouri__________________
New Hampshire
New York_________________

4,092
397
586
333
794
100
283

1,614
14
170
84
61
2
53

1, 374
14
114

Ohio______________________
Oklahoma ________________
Pennsylvania______________
Texas_____________________
Virginia__________________
Washington_______________
West Virginia______________

1,407
1,132
1, 570
507
832
1,052
706

520
537
636
165
245
356
327

323
209
465
87
90
151
214

4,469

2,271

8,626

146
17
1,181
11

12
92
77
125
218
77

172
54
472
79
1,189
42

240
56
84
43

1,906
221
260
210
494
63
129

197
328
171
78
155
205
113

697
458
751
249
389
473
318

18
2
53

1

4
40
120
7

4
14
1
5

201
2

508
37
156
38
217
3
49

24
5
1
15
32
52

172
106
166
47
117
210
57

18
27
3
45
76
13
4

i Including an average of 115 men assigned to general maintenance work at Maxwell Field.
P r o d u c tiv e

E m

p lo y m

e n t in

R e la tio n

to

S e x

o f P r is o n e r s

Productive employment was less common for female than for male
prisoners in State institutions in 1940. As shown by figures in table 6,
only 26 percent of the females in State prisons were productively
employed, whereas 45 percent of the male prisoners were so engaged.
Of the 54 State institutions housing women, 23 provided no produc­
tive work. However, in 6 States—Alabama, Iowa, Nebraska, Texas,
Vermont, and Wisconsin— the percentage of women employed
exceeded the average ratio for men of 45 percent.
The

83

V ir g in ia

p e r c e n t — le d

S ta te

P e n ite n tia r y

a ll S t a t e

and

in s titu tio n s in

C o n v ic t
th e r a tio

R oad

F o r c e — w ith

of m en

e m p lo y e d .

I t w a s fo llo w e d c lo s e ly b y 6 o t h e r p r is o n s in e a c h o f w h ic h m o r e th a n
th r e e -fo u r th s o f th e m a le p r is o n e r s w e re p r o d u c t iv e ly e n g a g e d .

The

in s titu t io n s fo r th e c r im in a lly in s a n e , o w in g t o t h e n a t u r a l lim it a t io n s
p la c e d u p o n th e m , e m p lo y e d th e lo w e s t p e r c e n ta g e s o f in m a t e s .




EMPLOYMENT IN RELATION TO SEX

13

In Federal prisons the ratio of females productively employed
(37.1 percent) slightly exceeded that of males (36.4 percent). Only
2 Federal institutions reported woman prisoners, however. Of the
individual prisons, the Federal Prison Camp at Mill Point, W. Va.,
furnished employment to the greatest percentage of inmates, while
the U. S. Naval Prison at Portsmouth, N. H., employed only 2 men
out of a total of 100.
T a b l e 6. — P rison ers P rod u ctively E m p lo yed in In divid u al State and F ederal P riso n s,
b y S ex , 194 0
Average number of prisoners under sentence
Males
State and institution

Productively
employed

Productively
employed
Total

Total, State and Federal prisons.

Females

Per­
Num­ cent of
ber
total

184, 527 81, 534

44.2

Total

7,249

Per­
Num­ cent of
ber
total
1,981

27.3

State prisons

All State institutions................... ........................
Alabama: State Prison System......... ................ .
Arizona: State Prison____________ ___________
Arkansas:
State Penitentiary........................................
Reformatory for W omen.._______________
California:
State Prison at Folsom..................................
State Prison at San Quentin.......................
State Institution for w om en .......... ............
Colorado:
State Penitentiary....... .................................
State Reformatory..... ..................................
Connecticut:
State Prison and Farm for Woraen_______
State Prison........................... ......................
State Reformatory........................................
Delaware:
Sussex County Prison........................ .........
New Castle County Workhouse__________
District of Columbia: D. C. Penal Institutions.
Florida: State Prison____ ____ _____ ____ ____
Georgia: State Prison System............... ............
Idaho: State Penitentiary. .................................
Illinois:
State Penitentiary......... ...............................
State Penitentiary, Menard Branch...........
State Penitentiary, Pontiac Branch............
State Reformatory for Women.....................
State Farm....................................................
Indiana:
State Reformatory........................................
State Prison. .................................................
Women's Prison....... ...................................
State Farm................................ ...................
Iowa:
The Men's Reformatory............................
State Penitentiary...................... ..................
Women’s Reformatory.................................
Kansas:
State Industrial Reformatory____ ..............
State Penitentiary______________ _______ _
State Industrial Farm for Women...............
Kentucky:
State Reformatory.......................................
State Penitentiary______________ ________
State Reformatory (Women)........... ...........
Louisiana: State Penitentiary...........................
Maine:
State Prison......... ................ ..................... .
State Reformatory for M e n .......................
State Reformatory for Women___________




166, 650 75,022

45.0

6,634

1,753

26.4

6,575
806

4, 745
206

72.2
25.6

365
6

257
0

70.4

2,023

1,313

64.9

42
96

0
0

3,058
5, 594

1,204
2,835

39.4
50.7

191

66

34.6

1,446
224

637
136

40.5
C.7
O

20

0

0

717
274

222
104

31.0
38.0

207

66

31.9

114
359
2,744
3, 534
4,858
398

70
105
1,145
2, 361
3,222
60

61.4
29.2
41.7
66.8
66.3
15.1

5
23
165
157
177

0
8
21
62
0

34.8
12.7
39.5
0

8

0

0

5,847
3,018
2, 535

1,491

1,013
792

25.5
33.6
31.2

260

111

1,116

42.7

366

32.8

1,792
2, 650

801
935

44.7
35.3

1,192

760

131

21

63.8

16.0

1,119
1,390

452
675

40.4
48.6

71

46

64.8

625
1.785

170
817

27.2
45.8

75

12

16.0

3,089
1, 529

278
158

9.0
10.3

2.997

1.926

64.3

113
130

6
54

5.3
41.5

431
136

351
38

81.4
27.9

124

is

14.5

0
0
0

0

14

PRISON LABOR IN THE- UNITED STATES,

19 4 0

T a b l e 6 . — P rison ers P rod u ctively E m p lo yed in In divid u al State and Federal P riso n s ,
b y S ex , 1 9 4 0 —Continued

Average number of prisoners under sentence
Males

Females

Productively
employed

Stato and institution
Total

Productively
employed

Per­ Total Num­ Per­
Num­ cent of
ber
ber cent of
total
total
State prisons—Continued

Maryland:
House of Correction____________________ ___________
State Penitentiary________________________________
State Penal Farm__________________________________
Massachusetts:
Reformatory for M en______________________________
State Prison. _ ___________ _______________________
State Farm________________________________________
Michigan:
State Reformatory________________________________
State Prison of Southern Michigan
_ _ _. ________
State House of Correction and Branch Prison________
Detroit House of Correction__ ______________________
Ionia State Hospital_______________________________
Minnesota:
State Prison_______________________________________
State Reformatory __ _ _ ______________________
State Reformatory for W om en _____________________
Mississippi: State Penitentiary_________________________
Missouri:*
State Penitentiary___________ _____________________
Intermediate Reformatory for Young Men _ ______
Montana: State Prison________________________________
Nebraska:
State Penitentiary___ _____ _ ______ _______________
State Reformatory for M en. _ _ __ _ ____ _________
State Reformatory for W om en ___ ________ ______ _
Genoa State Farm_________________________________
Nevada: State Prison..... ................ ............ ...... ........... ........
New Hampshire: State Prison...... .....................................
New Jersey:
State Prison................. .
...... _ _ ............... ......
State Prison Farm—Bordentown _ . . .
_ ___ _
State Prison Farm—Leesburg_______________________
State Reformatory for Women____ __________________
State Reformatory—Rahway__ ___ ___________ _____
State Reformatory—Annandale.______ _____ _______
New Mexico: Penitentiary of New Mexico_______________
New York:
Albion State Training School__ _ _ ____ _
___ __
Attica Prison....... .........................................................
Auburn Prison______________________ _______ _____
Clinton Prison.................. ............................. .................
Dannemora State Hospital
_ _
Elmira Reformatory____ ______ _
.
. . . .
Great Meadow Prison____ ________ __________ ______
Institution for Male Defective Delinquents
...
Matteawan State Hospital... ..........................................
Sing Sing Prison___
Wallkill Prison..............
Westfield State Farm (Reformatory for Women) ... ........
Westfield State Farm (Prison for Women)....................
Woodbourne Institution for Defective Delinquents
North Carolina: State Prison System...............................
North Dakota: State Penitentiary _
Ohio:
Reformatory for Women............................. ...................
State Penitentiary.........................................
. . .
State Reformatory_________
London State Farm.!.......................................................
Lima State Hospital................... .....................................
Oklahoma:
State Penitentiary.............. ............................. ...............
State Reformatory
Oregon: State Penitentiary_____________________________
Pennsylvania:
Eastern State Penitentiary
New Eastern State Penitentiary
Industrial Sehool
"Western State Penitentiary
New Western State Penitentiary
State Industrial Home for Women......................




1,262
1,156
353

278
346
282

22.0
29.9
79.9

992

460

46.4

819
858
1,097

556
349
327

67.9
40.7
29.8

1,328
5,427
765
429
883

401
1,385
137
226
53

30.2
25.5
17.9
52.7
6.0

1,341
1,226

994
342

74.1
27.9

2,489

2, Oil

80.8

3,923
483
518

1,252
172
120

31.9
35.6
23.2

708
235

270
135

.38.1
57.4

157
259
263

86
17
205

54.8
6.6
77.9

1,160
577
233

355
168
110

30.6
29.1
47.2

874
478
652

432
204
274

49.4
42.7
42.0

2,230
1,675
2,073
546
1,686
1,418
1,006
1,296
2,764
454

788
669
684
24
248
284
240
65
1,049
54

35.3
39.9
33.0
4.4
14.7
20.0
23.9
5.0
38.0
11.9

674
9,549
308

70
7,857
172

10.4
82.3
55.8

3,816
2,764
1,672
980

1,186
1,168
689
149

31.1
42.3
41.2
15.2

3,305
701
1,022

1,701
407
453

51.5
58.1
44.3

1,290
1,966
1,348
1,169
992

344
504
340
426
572

26.7
25.6
25.2
36.4
57.7

84
1

0
0

369

109

29.5

272
83

92
0

33.8
0

71
121

26
47

36.6
38.8

76

0

0

5

0

0

40

21

52.5

1
4

0
0

0
0

311

128

0
0

41.2

5

0

0

397

51

12.8

210

0

0

268
209

26
63

9.7
30.1

199

73

36.7

271

46

17

166

18

10.8

81

0

0

11

0

0

289

83 1 28.7

EMPLOYMENT IN RELATION TO SE X

15

T a b l e 6 . — P rison ers P rod u ctively E m p lo yed in In divid u al State and F ederal P riso n s,
b y S e x , 1 9 4 0 —Continued

Average number of prisoners under sentence
Males
State and institution

Females

Productively
employed
Total
Per­
Num­ cent of
ber
total

Productively
employed
Total

Per­
Num­ cent of
ber
total

State prisons-—
Continued
Rhode Island:
Reformatory for Women.......... ......................... ......... .
State Prison........................................................... .........
Reformatory for Men............ .............................. .........
South Carolina:' State Penitentiary______ _______ ______
South Dakota: State Penitentiary........................ ...... .........
Tennessee:
State Penitentiary........................................ ..................
Brushy Mountain Penitentiary.......................... ..........
Ft. Pillow State Farm............ I___........................... .
Texas: State Prison System.................. . .
Utah: State Prison__J......................................................
Vermont:
State Prison and House of Correction for Men__..............
Women's Reformatory.......__.................. _
Virginia:
State Industrial Farm for Women...... ................ . _ .
State Penitentiary and Convict Road Force......... . __
State Farm_____1..........................................................
Washington:
State Penitentiary........................... .................... ..........
State Reformatory___________________ ____ ________
West Virginia:
State Penitentiary........................................ ...............
State Medium Security Prison............ ........................
Wisconsin:
Central State Hospital for the Insane......... ...................
State Prison for Women_________ ______ ________
State Prison____________ _________
_______
State Reformatory....... .......... .............................. ........
Milwaukee County House of Correction. ......................
Wyoming:
State Penitentiary_________________________ ____
Industrial Institute______________________________

22

270
124
1,281
399

100
27
505
138

37.0
21.8
39.4
34.6

1,842
866
437
6, 565
412

906
584
348
4,049
135

49.2
67.4
79.6
61.7
32.8

335

124

37.0

0

0

95

0

0

109

33

30.3

122

89

73.0

29

16

55.2

143

37

25.9

3, 810
451

3,178
245

83.4
54.3

1,577
663

549
326

34.8
49.2

29

0

0

2,484
151

816
105

32.9
69.5

77

0

0

96

47

49.0

2

0

0

315

45

14.3

1, 673
552
425

746
255
169

44.6
46.2
39.8

314
80

154
40

49.0
50.0
Federal prisons

All Federal institutions_______________________________
Alabama: Federal Prison Camp________________________
Arizona: Federal Prison Camp
____ _____ ___ ______
California:
Federal Correctional Institution....... .............................
U. S. Naval Prison_____ ______ ____________________
U. S. Penitentiary ______
___________ _ .
Florida: Federal Correctional Institution_________ ______ _
Georgia: U. S. Penitentiary.......... .............. ................. ........
Idaho: Federal Prison Camp__________ ____ ____________
Kansas:
U. S. Penitentiary............................................................
U. S. Penitentiary Annex _
. . . ______
Louisiana: Federal Detention Headquarters_____________
Michigan: Federal Correctional Institution.. ____ . . .
Minnesota: Federal Correctional Institution__________ __
Missouri: Medical Center for Federal Prisoners
. . .
New Hampshire: U. S. Naval Prison
__ . _
New York: Federal Detention Headquarters . ________
Ohio: Federal Reformatory............ ......................................
Oklahoma: Federal Reformatory...........................................
Pennsylvania: U. S. Penitentiary...................................... .
Texas: Federal Correctional Institution ._
__ _
Virginia: Federal Reformatory.. ...................................... .
Washington:
Federal Prison Camp_____ _____________ ______ ____ _
U. S. Penitentiary__________ _____ _________________
West Virginia:
Federal Prison Camp_____ _ ______________________
Federal Reformatory for Women_________ ____ ______




17, 877

6, 512

36.4

208
151

12
92

5.8
60.9

422
60
284
259
3,112
145

75
14
120
142
1,399
88

17.8
23.3
42.3
54.8
45.0
60.7

2,966
1,126
397
586
333
794
100
283
1,407
1,132
1,570
507
832

1,463
151
14
170
84
61
2
53
520
537
636
165
245

49.3
13.4
3.5
29.0
25.2
7.7
2.0
18.7
37.0
47.4
40.5
32.5
29.4

96
956

0
356

0
37.2

151

113

74.8

615

228

37.1

60

14

23.3

555

214

38.6

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED 'STATES,

16

S c h e d u le d

T h e term

W

“ w o r k in g h o u r s ,”

e e k ly

W

o r k in g

H

1940

o u r s

a s u s e d in th is s u r v e y , m e a n s th e to ta l

n u m b e r o f h o u r s p e r w e e k t h a t a p r is o n e r r e m a in s a t h is a s s ig n e d p o s t
o f d u ty .
h ou rs.

I n m o s t c a s e s , h e a c t u a lly w o r k s t o s o m e p u r p o s e a ll o f t h e s e
In

s o m e in s ta n c e s , h o w e v e r , th e p r is o n e r m a y b e e n g a g e d a t

h is d u tie s o n ly a p a r t o f t h e a s s ig n e d h o u r s .
d a ir y m e n

and

p o u ltr y

te n d e rs m a y

have

F o r e x a m p le , a lt h o u g h

w id e ly

se p a ra te d

s ta r tin g

a n d s t o p p in g t im e s , th e r e m a y b e in te r v a ls d u r in g th e d a y w h e n t h e y
w ill b e c a u g h t u p w it h th e ir d u t ie s a n d w ill h a v e le is u r e t i m e .

Som e­

t im e s , in a n e ffo r t to s p r e a d th e w o r k , th e n u m b e r o f p r iso n e r s a ssig n e d
to a g iv e n s h o p w ill e x c e e d th e a m o u n t o f m a c h in e e q u ip m e n t a v a ila b le
fo r

th e ir

u se.

In

su ch

cases

th e

m en

ta k e

tu rn s

at

te n d in g

th e

m a c h in e r y .

Hours worked by productively employed prisoners tended to be
lower in 1940 than in 1932. In 1940, 60 percent of the employed
prisoners in State and Federal institutions worked 44 hours or less
per week; in 1932 this percentage was 55. Table 7 shows that in 1932
the greatest concentration of prisoners (44 percent) was in the range
of hours from 44 to 48, inclusive, but in 1940 almost an equally large
proportion worked from 36 to 44 hours, inclusive. In 1932, 22 per­
cent of the prisoners were assigned to work for 60 hours or more per
week; in 1940 the proportion with these hours had dwindled to 5
percent.
S in c e

S ta te

p riso n s

h ou sed

e m p lo y e d p riso n e rs in b o t h

over

1932

and

n in e -te n th s

1940,

in h o u r s o f w o r k o b s e r v e d a b o v e f o r a ll p r is o n s .
th e g r e a te s t c o n c e n tr a tio n o f p ris o n e rs in
in t h e r a n g e f r o m
a b ly la r g e g r o u p

36
(25

to

44

of

a ll

p r o d u c tiv e ly

t h e y e s ta b lis h e d t h e tr e n d
I n S t a t e in s titu tio n s

1940 (41

p e rc e n t) a p p ea red

h o u r s , in c lu s iv e , a lt h o u g h a n o t h e r n o t ic e ­

p e rc e n t)

w ork ed

49

b u t le s s t h a n

54

h ou rs per

w eek.

During the period 1932-1940 there was a notable reduction in the
working hours of Federal prisoners. Whereas in 1932, 67 percent of
the productively employed worked 44 hours or more, in 1940, 97
percent worked less than 44 hours.
T a b l e 7. — Scheduled W eek ly W ork in g H ou rs o j P rison ers P rod u ctively E m p loyed in
State and F ederal P riso n s, 1 9 3 2 and 1 9 4 0

1932
Scheduled hours per week

State and Federal prisons_____________ _____________
Under 24 hours______ _________________________
24 and under 32 hours___________________________
32 and under 36 hours___________________________
36 and under 40 hours.................................................




Average
number
produc­
tively em­
ployed
82,276
1,099
1,343
6,833

4,134

1940

Percent

100.0
1.4
1.6
8.3

6.0

Average
number
produc­
tively em­
ployed
83,515
173
6,854
6,642
8,899

Percent

100.0
.2
8.2
8.0
10.7

SCHEDULED W E E K L Y WORKING HOURS

17

T a b l e 7 . — Scheduled W eek ly W ork in g H ou rs o f P rison ers P rod u ctively E m p lo yed in
State and F ederal P riso n s , 1 9 3 2 and 1 94 0 —Continued

1932
Scheduled hours per week

Average
number
produc­
tively em­
ployed

1940

Percent

Average
number
produc­
tively em­
ployed

Percent

State and Federal prisons—Continued.
40 and under 44 hours_________ ____________ ____
44 hours___________________ ______ _____________
45 and under 48 hours-------------------------------------48 hours_____________________________________
49 and under 54 hours___________________ _____
54 hours____________________________ ____ ______
55 and under 60 hours___________________________
C hours_____ _________________________________
O
Over 60 hours—- ........................................................

6, 407
25,680
1,969
8,246
1,366
5,194
2,101
17,869
30

7.8
31.2
2.4
10.0
1.7
6.3
2.6
21.7
(')

17.663
9,427
1,094
2,087
19,031
508
6,773
4,245
119

21.1
11.3
1.3
2.5
22.8
.6
8.1
5.1
.1

State prisons............ ........................................................
Under 24 hours................................................ ...........
24 and under 32 hours................................................
32 and under 36 hours—. ...........................................
36 and under 40 hours.................................................
40 and under 44 hours.............................................
44 hours.............................. .......................................
45 and under 48 hours............ ..............................
48 hours..... ....................................................... .........
49 and under 54 hours................................................
54 hours....................... .................................. ............
65 and under 60 hours......................... ......................
60 hours............... ............ ............ ............... .............
Over 60 hours....................................................... ......

77, 267
1,099
1,343
6,838
3,870
5,023
22,572
1,969
8,206
1,193
5,181
2,074
17,869
30

100.0
1.4
1.7
8.9
6.0
6.5
29.2
2.6
10.6
1.6
6.7
2.7
23.1
0)

76,775
173
6,151
5,488
7,829
14,081
9,427
863
2,037
19,031
508
6,773
4,245
119

100.0
.2
8.0
7.1
10.2
18.3
12.3
1.1
2.7
24.9
.7
8.8
5.5
.2

Federal prisons................................................................
24 and under 32 hours___________________________
32 and under 36 hours. _ _ ____ ______________ ___
36 and under 40 hours................................................
40 and under 44 hours...............................................
44 hours________ __________ ______________ ____
45 and under 48 hours. ____ ___ _______ ___ _______
48 hours_______ ___________ __________________
49 and under 54 hours._ _ ____ ___ __________ ___
54 hours________________ _______ ________ _______
55 and under 60 hours__________________________
60hours .............................. .................... ..................
Over 60 h o u r s ..__ ___ . . . . ___ ___ __________

5,009

100.0

264
1,384
3,108

5.3
27.6
62.0

6,740
703
1,154
1.070
3,582

100.0
10.4
17.1
15.9
53.2

40
173
13
27

231

3.4

3.5
.3

.8

.

5

1 Less than a tenth of l percent.

Examination of table 8 indicates that in 38 States the majority of
the productively employed prisoners in State institutions worked
44 hours or less per week in 1940. In 10 other States more than 88
percent of the prisoners were assigned working hours in excess of 48.
Most of the latter were employed on farms. It is apparent from the
wide distribution of hours that in most cases there has been very
little attempt to establish any uniformity of hours even within a
State. In general, shop workers are assigned relatively short hours
and road and farm workers receive the longer tours of duty. Reports
showed variations in hours among the different shops of individual
prisons and, in some States, among comparable shops in separate
prisons.
Data covering Federal prisons, on the other hand, reflect a policy
of uniformity in hours. In most cases, all prisoners in a State worked
identical hours in 1940. The small groups in Georgia and Pennsyl­
vania assigned to more than 44 hours were employed on farms.




PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

18
T

able

1940

8 .— P ercentage D istribu tion o f P rison ers P rod u ctively E m p lo yed in State and
F ederal P riso n s , b y State and Scheduled H ou rs p e r W ee k , 1 9 4 0

State

State and Federal
prisons_________

Percent of prisoners whose scheduled weekly working hours were—
Aver­
age
num­
ber of
prison­
24
32
36
40
45
49
55
ers
pro­ Un­ and and and and 44 and 48 and 54 and 60 Over To­
un­
der un­ un­ un­ un­
un­
un­
duc­
60 tal
der
der
der
tively 24 der der der der
44
32
36
40
54
48
60
em­
ployed

83, 515

0.2

8.2

8.0 10.7 21.1 11.3

2.5 22.8

0.6

8.1

5.1

0.1 m o

2.7 24.9

1.3

0.7

8.8

5.5

0.2 100.0

State prisons
All States________
Alabama. _
Arizona..
Arkansas__ _
California
Colorado. __
Connecticut__

76,775
5,002
'206
1,313
4,105
773
392

0.2

8.0
87.9

7.1 10.2 18.3 12.3
2.7
.8

3.9 47.8
29.8
1.6
80.8
41.6 24.2

183

2.4

Illinois___ __ ..
Indiana________
Io w a .......... __ .
Kansas__________
Kentucky____
Louisiana_______

3, 773
28.2
64.5 0)
2, 517
.8 31.2 28.6 35.5
1,173
43.3
24.3
28.4
999
1.0 50.0 15.0
____
442|
35.7
1
-----1,980

Maine_________
Maryland..............
Massachusetts____
Michigan_______
Minnesota. _
Mississippi_______

407
906
1, 801
2, 294
1,362
2,058

Missouri____ __
Montana___ ___
Nebraska________
Nevada__________
New Hampshire. __
New Jersey_____

1,424
120
512
17
205
1,397

New M e x ico .__
New York. __
North Carolina___
North Dakota___
Ohio_____________
Oklahoma______

274
4,315
7,930
172
3, 256
2,108

Oregon........... .....
Pennsylvania____
Rhode Islan d__
South Carolina___
South Dakota__
Tennessee_______
Tfixas

453
2,269
127
505
138
1, 871
4,138

U ta h ... .
Vermont_________
Virginia__
Washington_____

135
140
3,460
875
921
1, 262
194

W yom ing

i Less than a tenth of 1 percent.




13.1
.3

9.7

2.0
38.2

il.7

23.1

1.7 17.3 53.2
4.1 59.3
18.4 72.9

57.3
2.1
1.9

11.7 88.3
74.7

100.0
10.4 50.5 35.2

.3

3.2 38.1 56.8

.8
1.8

40.7

37.3
57.2

88.3
1.6

.4

9. 2

6.1
39.8
.6

2.3 97.7
35.8

6.2
1.2
.3

.5 100.0
.9 100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.7

6.8

.6
21.2

20.7

.5 14.2

.9

'100.0
. 2 100 0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

11.4
1.1 88.8
62.7
82.2 11.4
20.7 79.3

100 0
2 9 100 0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
1.2 100.0

3.2

.4
99.7

.6
4.4

7.2

.9

43.3
56.7
.2 34.0 12.0 20.5 3.4 29.9
74.8 18.9
20.0
32.9
100.0
12.2 68.9
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
2.0

87.9 12.1
64.2
55.3 16.8

100.0

1.9

8.8

4.8
3.0
32.4
.3 5.3
64.3

100.0

.3 99.7
100.0

1.8 98.2

80.4

100.0
2.9 100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
3.6 100.0

99.2

26.8 35.0

1,166
2, 423
3, 222
60

Wisconsin..

94.2

5.4
17.6
7.1 11.5

Delaware
District of Columbia____________
Florida_______
Georgia. _
Idaho_____ _

W est Virginia

1.1

.7
9. 2

100.0
100.0
1.6
47.1
.3

3.0
6.4
20.6 22.2

1.4

4. 7 100. 0

18.6
98.6

5.0 42.9
7.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

TYPE OF INDUSTRY
T

able

19

8 .— P ercentage D istribu tion o f P rison ers P rod u ctively E m p lo yed in State and

F ederal P riso n s , b y State and Scheduled H ou rs p e r W eek , 1 9 4 0 —Continued

State

Percent of prisoners whose scheduled weekly working hours were—
Aver­
age
num­
ber of
prison­
45
55
24
49
40
32
36
ers
and
pro­ Un­ and and and and 44 and 48 and 54 un­ 60 Over To­
un­
un­
60 tal
duc­ der un­ un­ un­ un­
der
der
der
tively 24 der der der der
54
44
48
32
60
40
36
em­
ployed
Federal prisons

All States

6,740

10.4 17.1 15.9 53.2

Alabama
Arizona _ __
California._____
Florida _
Georgia
Idaho

12
92
223
142
1,399
88

100.0

Kansas__ ___ _
Louisiana
Michigan
Minnesota...
Missouri
New Hampshire.
New Y o r k _____

1,614
14
170
84
61
2
63

Ohio..... ..................
Oklahoma_______
Pennsylvania_____
Texas____ _ _ __
Virginia..
Washington____ _
West Virginia ...

520
537
636
165
245
356
327

100.0
53.8

39.9
15.6

100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

11.9

13.8 86.2
100.0

63.0

100.0
10.1

100.0
100.0
63.2 36.8
34.6 12.2 53.2

T y p e

o f

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

loo. 6
37.7 62.3

100.0
26.9

6.3
100.0
72.5

3.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

I n d u s tr y

Of all inmates productively employed in State and Federal prisons
in 1940, 40 percent were engaged in manufacturing industries, 29
percent in construction activities, 26 percent in farming and kindred
land-use work, and 5 percent in mining and quarrying. Although
employment in State prisons as a whole followed these ratios closely,
there were wide variations among the individual States shown in
table 9.
The proportions of prisoners employed at manufacturing in 1940
ranged from 2 percent in North Carolina to 91 percent in Rhode
Island. Seven Southern States, with extensive construction and
farming programs each utilized less than 12 percent of its prisoners
at manufacturing. Only 2 States, Rhode Island and Minnesota,
assigned more than 80 percent of their prisoners to this type of work.
North Carolina led all States in 1940 in both the number and per­
centage of convicts working on construction, practically all of which
was road work. Nineteen States reported fewer than 25 men so
engaged.
Five Southern States— Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi,
and Texas— dominated the farming picture, each employing more




20

PRISON LABOR IN TH E UNITED 'STATES,

1940

than 1,000 inmates at this pursuit in 1940. Mining and quarrying,
with few exceptions, were rather unimportant insofar as the number
of prisoners employed was concerned. Only 3 States— Kansas, Ten­
nessee, and West Virginia— operated coal mines. In other States,
such as California, where the man-year quarry production was valued
at only $30 in 1940, prisoners were assigned to the quarry more as a
disciplinary or safekeeping measure than as a matter of full-time
employment.
Federal prisons operated no mines or quarries, and did relatively
little farming and land development in 1940. As a whole, these in­
stitutions assigned 52 percent of their employed prisoners to the
manufacturing shops and 34 percent to construction work. Georgia
and Kansas accounted for 64 percent of all Federal prisoners assigned
to manufacturing. Federal prisons in 3 States failed to use prisoners
on construction work, and in the remainder an average of 134 con­
victs per State was engaged in this type of activity.
T a b l e 9 . — P rison ers P rod u ctively E m p lo yed in State and F ederal P rison s in Each
State, C lassified b y T y p e o f W ork , 1 9 4 0

Average number of prisoners productively employed
State
Total

Total, State and Federal prisons.

83,515

Manufac­
turing
33,640

Farming
Mining
Construc­ and land de­ and quar­
tion
velopment
rying
24, 337

21,664

3,874

State prisons

All States...

76, 775

30,117

22,066

20, 718

3,874

Alabama___
Arizona____
Arkansas_
_
California - ..
Colorado___
Connecticut.

5,002
206
1,313
4,105
773
392

1,015
31
76
2,302
146
232

2,465
54
34
691
81
11

1,522
121
1,203
312
226
149

__________
__________
__________
800
320
....... ......... .

Delaware__________
District of Columbia.
Florida____________
Georgia____________
Idaho-......... .......... .
Illinois-------------------

183
1,166
2,423
3,222
60
3,773

61
625
176
138
7
2,163

10
229
1,966
2,893
119

112
312
281
191
53
619

872

Indiana. _.
Iowa____
Kansas___
Kentucky.
LouisianaMaine___

2,517
1,173
999
442
1,980
407

1,815
713
408
89
225
244

107
106
4
119
70
8

410
293
176
161
1,685
70

185
61
411
73

Maryland____
Massachusetts.
Michigan____
Minnesota___
Mississippi___
Missouri_____

906
1,801
2,294
1, 362
2,058
1,424

445
1,408
1,435

273

171
393
847
168
1,990
344

17

Montana______
Nebraska______
Nevada________
New Hampshire.
New Jersey____
New Mexico......

120
512
17
205
1,397
274

78
295
2
141
962
153




11
,1 1
68
897

12
49
84
60
3
71
10

42
157
15
21
364
111

85

34
99

40

21

TYP E OF PRODU CTION

T ab le 9. — P rison ers P rod u ctively E m p lo yed in State and F ederal P riso n s in Each
State , C lassified b y T y p e o f W ork , 1 9 4 0 —Continued

Average number of prisoners productively employed
State

Farming
Mining
Construc­ and land de­ and quar­
tion
velopment
rying

Manufac­
turing

Total

State prisons—Continued

New York________________ ____ _______ _
North Carolina______ ________________ _
North Dakota_________________________
Ohio__________________________________
Oklahoma._____ ______________________
Oregon__________ _____________ ______

4,315
7,930
172
3, 256
2,108
453

3,287
153
112
2, 461
1, 332
199

639
7,202
17
14
58
77

330
575
43
781
593
121

Pennsylvania___ ______________ _____ _
Rhode Island___ _______ _______________
South Carolina. _____ ___________________
South Dakota_____ ____ _____________ _
Tennessee_____________________________
Texas______________________ _________

2,269
127
505
138
1, 871
4,138

1,272
116
267
70
421
691

334

633
11
238
27
438
3, 232

Utah_________ ________________________
Vermont__ _________________ ___ _______
Virginia__________ ______ - ........................
W ashington__________________________
West Virginia------ ------- -----------------------Wisconsin....................... ............................
W yoming_________ _____ . . . __________

135
140
3, 460
875
921
1, 262
194

45
68
669
525
39
815
114

40
595
215
57
2,393
158
709

20
9

33
72
340
192
114
355
71

59

125
56
30

1
417

58
59
72

Federal prison*

All States

.

__________ _ _ _ . . .

6,740

Alabama______________________________
Arizona _____ ______________ _________.
California_____________________________
Florida________________________________
Georgia_____ ____ _____________________
Idaho_________________________________

12
92
223
142
1,399

TTa/nsqs
Tionisiana

____________ __

3. 523

2, 271

946

12
92
136

77

10

1, 014

125
218

17
167

1,614

1, 241

240

133

Michigan
_________________________ .
Minnesota
.
__ _ _ _ ____ ___
Missouri___ _ .
_______________ ____
Maine
.
_
...
N ew York
_
. . .

170
84
61

57

57

2

2

56
84
43

53

53

Ohio . . __ __________________________
Oklahoma
- . .
._ . _____________
Pennsylvania. ________________________
Texas _ __________________________ . .

520
537
636
165
245
356
327

235
159
401
1

197
328
171
78
155
205
113

88

_ _ ______ __

_

Virginia

Washington __________________________
West Virginia.
_____ _ _ _ ___ ____

T y p e

88
14

11

14

2

25
172

77

18

50
64
86

88

126
42

o f P r o d u c tio n

To show the number of prisoners employed in producing various
types of commodities, the production unit used is in most cases synony­
mous with a prison shop. “ Type of production,” as used in table 10,
indicates the various types of daily work assignments commonly used
by prison authorities and therefore most suitable for obtaining
accurate averages of men employed.
The decline of over $18,000,000 in the total value of prison produc­
tion between 1932 and 1940 may be attributed mainly to the loss of
contracts by State prisons. In. the production of clothing alone, the




22

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED iSTATES, 1940

loss in State prisons amounted to over $15,000,000; and in the output
of furniture, to slightly less than $1,000,000. Despite a reduction of
31 percent in the value of goods produced in State prisons, it was found
possible by spreading the work to employ practically the same number
of prisoners in 1940 as in 1932. In the case of construction activities,
value of production declined 52 percent between 1932 and 1940, but
employment rose 26 percent. In the clothing shops, where the use of
machines restricted the spread of work, there was a loss of 55 percent
in the number employed, as compared with a decrease of 73 percent
in the value of product. In 1940 construction took first place (for­
merly held by clothing) in the number of prisoners employed and also
maintained its leadership in the dollar column. Second in volume of
employment and dollar value in 1940 were farm products, relegating
the manufacture of clothing to third place.
T a b l e 10.— P risoners Productively E m p lo yed and V alue o f Production in State and
Federal P riso n s , b y T y p e o f P roduction , 1 9 3 2 and 1 9 4 0

Type of production

Average number
of prisoners pro­
ductively em ­
ployed

Value of commodities
produced

1932

1940

Total State and Federal prisons____________________

82,276

83, 515

$75,369,471

$56, 731,654

All ty p e s_________________________________________

77, 267

State prisons
76, 775
$71,306,061

$48,995,818

Agricultural implements and parts__________________
Bakery products, commercial ______________________
___________________
Brooms, brushes, and mops
Clay, cement, and stone products___________________
Clothing, other than knit. _________________________
Clothing, knit_____________________________________
Construction:
Buildings _____________________________________
Land development _ ______________________ -Major repairs to buildings_______________________
Major repairs to roads_________________________
Roads _________________________________ _____
Miscellaneous____________________________ _____
Cordage__________________________________________
Farming:
Cattle . ___ ________________________________
Dairy ____ __________________________________
Field crops and garden__________________________
Hogs
____ _ -- ____________________________
Poultry and poultry products___________________
Miscellaneous_________________________________
Furniture, m etal__________________________________
Furniture, wood___________________________________
Furniture, other than metal or wood_________________
Grain-mill products_______________________________
Laundry, commercial______________________________
Metal products:
Tags, highway markers, and signs.........................
Miscellaneous__________________________________
Mining
_ ______________ _____________________
Paint
-- _____________________________________
Printing and binding. ____________________________
Quarrying and rock crushing________________________
Repair and shop work
___________________________
Soap and other detergents__________________________
Sugar
____ _ _______________________________
Textiles . .
_____________________________________
Textile products___________________________________ }
Wood products____________________________________
Other manufactured products_______________________
Miscellaneous (labor only). . _______________________
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing).............................. .

173
26
664
1,843
18,342
1688

298
19
358
1,208
7,719
927

572,666
35, 577
892, 757
687,787
20, 362, 921
» 681,861

777,571
32,043
184,189
402,069
5,030,988
716,127

5,372
1,000
513
504
9,205
878
1,802

2,123
954
418
12,377
5,444
750
1,316

6,685,341
469,616
611,160
182,274
15,286, 536
817, 741
4,368, 901

2,959,103
171, 795
333,371
4,112,184
3,668,305
373,045
3,634,779

17,331
282
3,586
162
4
203
1,250
1,093
1,057
958
3,302
315
61
132
f
4,748 i
506
1,166
101

298
1,572
17,380
664
375
429
738
2,966
457
119
249
2,008
1,155
729
63
1,121
3,145
(2
)
262
148
5,384 }
965
591
1,912
C
O
134

1932

5,814,362
191,144
2,410, 736
205,136
7,251
90,561
2,605,896
667,715
312,018
673.435
887.435
122, 663
135, 666
189,609
3, 706, 711 /
\
293,019
1,281, 562
56,004

* Does not include knit underwear, inseparably included in “ clothing, other than knit.!
’ Included under appropriate type of production




1940

413,646
2,159,606
5,878,604
1,100,850
339, 771
87,327
330, 520
1,205,095
402, 582
337,089
125,100
3,810,862
520,625
244,609
196,413
657,037
573,237
(2
)
536,785
398,475
3,513,939
544,414
274,609
2,907, 277
(2
)
41, 777

TYPE OF PRODUCTION
T

able

10.— P rison ers

23

P rod u ctively E m p lo yed and V alue o f Prod uction in State and

Federal P r is o n s , b y T y p e o f Producton , 1 9 3 2 and 1 9 4 0 —C o n t in u e d

Type of production

Average number
of prisoners pro­
ductively em ­
ployed
1932

1940

Value of commodities
produced

1932

1940

Federal prisons
All types________________________________ ___ ____ __

5,009

Bakery products, commercial........................ .................
Brooms, brushes, and mops__________ _
Clay, cement, and stone products............ ......................
Clothing_________________________ ________________
Construction:
Buildings____ ______________ ________ __________
Land development________________ _____ _ _ _
Major repairs to buildings______________________
Major repairs to roads..... ....................... .... ......... ...
Roads__________ ; _____________________________
Miscellaneous.............................................................
Farming:
Cattle_________________________________________
Dairy _ _ _ _ _ ____ _________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Field crops and garden ___________ ___________ _
H og s___ ___ _ _____________________________ _
Poultry and poultry products___________________
Furniture, m etal___________ ______________________
Furniture, wood...............................................................
Furniture, other than metal or w ood ..______________
Laundry, commercial _ ___ ___________________
Metal products:
Tags, highway markers, and signs_________ ______
Miscellaneous_________________________________
Printing and binding_______________________________
Repair and shop work. ___________________________
Textiles _ _
_ _____________ _________________
Textile products__________ ____ ____________________ }
Wood products __________________________________
Other manufactured products_______________________
Miscellaneous (labor only)__________________________

10
155
134
1,039
735
192
233
4
2
60

6,740
343

l
30
19
138

12,622
283,081
34,252
797,491

1,764,437

1,806
9
149
8
238
61
f

$7, 735,836

1,181

980 -I

$4,063,410

693, 583
41, 740
283, 599
5,000
1,140
81,423

1,434,173
7,660
78, 725
4,750
202,142
103,585

3
137
732
57
17
326
237
51
210

5
36
82
79
61
(2
)
f
970 ( * 728 }
169
26
74
50
84
89
(2
)

306,290

13,802
6,472
113,945

54,365
16,077
f
1, 201, 548 \
13,230
54,306
49,444

973,280

5,621
155,384
135,355
118, 713
22,188
422,854
245,328
156,054
92,907
6,792
43,671
89,791
(2
)
1,090,087
376,187
70,460
135,692
(2
)

2 Included under appropriate type of production.

Examination of the State-prison data discloses a concentration of
both employment and value in a comparatively few types of products.
Of the 39 types of production, 19, each with production valued at over
$500,000 in 1940, employed 90 percent of the prisoners and accounted
for 90 percent of the value of all commodities. The value of metal
tags, highway markers, and signs rose well over $1,000,000 between
1932 and 1940, largely because in the latter year 40 States (an increase
of 14 over 1932) manufactured automobile license tags. In 1940, 34
percent more prisoners were engaged in the production of textiles and
textile products than in 1932, with an increase of only 9 percent in the
volume of output.
Between 1932 and 1940 the Federal prisons achieved an increase of
90 percent in total value of products, but of only 35 percent in the num­
ber of production workers. Although the rises in employment and
output were distributed among most types of production shown in
table 10, they are particularly noticeable in such classifications as
brooms, brushes; and mops; clothing; building construction; and furni­
ture. This last is a comparatively new industry in Federal prisons.




PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED 'STATES, 1940

2 4

C o m

p a r is o n

o f

P r o d u c tio n

in

P r is o n s

a n d

P r iv a te

I n d u s tr y

As the so-called “ industries” in prison are in most cases not com­
parable with those in outside life, it was necessary in making the
rough comparison shown in table 11 to allocate each individual prisonmanufactured article to the same classification as the particular in­
dustry in private business which is primarily engaged in making that
article. The values for private industry are totals for plants engaged
primarily in making the indicated products and do not include the
value of such articles made as secondary products in other industries.
The total value of prison production in the manufacturing industries
in 1940 was $32,317,997, less than half (0.38) of 1 percent of the total
value of private production in the specified industries during 1939.
In 43 of a total of 97 industries shown in table 11, the prison output
was more than one-tenth of 1 percent of that produced in private
industry, but in only 8 did it exceed 1 percent. Chief among these
were cordage and twine, brooms, and stamped and pressed metal
products, for which prison production was equivalent to 6.4, 2.5, and
2.2 percent, respectively, of private production in those industries.
The other classifications, each producing more than 1 percent were
work shirts, brushes, canvas products, jute goods, and cane sugar
(except that produced in refineries). In numerous industries, the
prison production was negligible.
T able
vate

11.—

Value o f P roduction in State and Federal P rison s in 1 9 4 0 , and in P r i ­

In d u stry

Industries

in

1939, by

Specified Industrial Classifications

o f M anu fa cturing

1

Standard industrial classifications (major group, group, and industry)

Total, all classification s-__ _____ ______ __________ ____ _______________
Food and kindred products:
Meat products:
Meat packing, wholesale ____________ ______________ _____. . . _
Sausages, prepared meats, and other meat products not made in meat­
packing establishments_________________________________________
Canning and preserving fruits, vegetables, and sea food:
Canned and dried fruits and vegetables (including canned soups).. . . .
Grain-mill products:
Flour and other grain-mill products _______ ____________________
Prepared feeds (including mineral), for animals and fowls___ _______
Cereal preparations (breakfast foods, etc.)___ ____________________
Bakery products:
Bread and other bakery products (except biscuit, crackers, and pretzels).
Sugar:
Cane sugar (except refineries)__________ ______ . . . _____________ . . .
Miscellaneous food and kindred products:
Ice, manufactured. _________ _______ _______ _____________________
Food preparations, not elsewhere classified _ . _ _ ________________
Tobacco manufactures:
Tobacco (chewing and smoking) and snuff____ ________________________
Textile-mill products:
Cotton manufactures:
Cotton broad-woven goods_____________ _______________ _______ _
Cotton narrow f a b r i c s . . . . . _ . . . . _ ________________________
Cotton yarn_______ . . .
______________ ___________ ______ _______
See footnotes at end o f table.




Value of
production
in State
and Fed­
eral pris­
ons, 1940

Value of
production
in private
industry,
1939 2

$32,317, 997 $8,380,160, 647

1, 620, 560

2,647,360,088

29,785

208,048,345

1,434, 756

587,343,024

230,776
94, 739
12,042

649,943,088
401,880, 238
119,393,055

32,043

1,211,395, 278

416,839

33, 526,898

7,304
164, 338

130,166, 312
172,459, 397

228,636

123,687,198

2,970,987
1,657
297,974

869,354,285
48, 500, 589
198,940,444

COMPARISON OF PRODUCTION

25

T a b l e 11.— V alue o f Production in State and Federal P rison s in 1 9 4 0 , and in Private
In d u stry in 1 9 3 9 , b y Specified Industrial Classifications o f M anu fa cturing In d u s ­
tries

1
—Continued

S ta n d a rd in d u s tria l classifications (m a jo r group, group, a n d in d u s try )

V alu e of
p ro d u c tio n
in S ta te
and Fed­
eral p ris­
ons, 1940

Textile-mill products—Continued.
Woolen and worsted manufactures:
Woolen and worsted woven goods (including woven felts and hair­
cloth) _________________________________________________________
Woolen and worsted yam ________________________________________
Knit goods:
Hosiery_________________________________________________________
Knitted cloths___________________________________________________
Knitted underwear_______________________________________________
Carpets, rugs, and other floor coverings:
Wool carpets and rugs____________________________________________
Carpets, rugs, and mats made from paper fiber, grass, rags, and jute.._
Hats (except cloth and millinery):
Hats, straw_______________ _____ ________________________________
Miscellaneous textile goods:
Processed waste and recovered wool fibers__________________________
Jute goods (except felt)_______________________ ____ _______________
Cordage and twine_______________________________________________
Apparel and other finished products made from fabrics and similar materials:
Men’s and boys’ tailored clothing:
Men’s and boys’ suits, coats, and overcoats (except work clothing),
made in inside factories_________________________________________
Men’s and boys’ furnishings, work and sport garments:
Men’s and boy’s shirts (except work shirts), collars, nightwear, and
underwear, made in inside factories______________________________
Men’s neckwear, made in inside factories______________________ ____
Men’s and boys’ hats and caps (except felt and straw)_______________
Work shirts_____________________________________________________
Work clothing (except work shirts), sport garments (except leather),
and other apparel, not elsewhere classified________________________
Women’s and misses’ outer clothing:
Women’s and misses’ blouses and waists, made in inside factories____
Women’s and misses’ dresses (except house dresses), made in inside
factories_______________________________________________________
House dresses, uniforms, and aprons, made in inside factories________
Women’s accessories (except millinery):
Women’s, children’s, and infants’ underwear and nightwear......... ......
Women’s miscellaneous accessories (fabric)—belts, etc.____ __________
Children’s and infants’ outerwear:
Children’s and infants’ dresses, made in inside factories_____________
Children’s and infants’ coats, made in inside factories_______________
Children’s and infants’ wear, not elsewhere classified, made in inside
factories_______________________________________________________
Miscellaneous apparel:
Gloves and mittens—cloth, cloth and leather combined______________
Handkerchiefs___________________________________________________
Robes, lounging garments, and dressing gowns_____________________
Raincoats and other waterproof garments (except oiled fabric)_______
Miscellaneous apparel, not elsewhere classified_________________ ___
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products:
Curtains, draperies, and bedspreads_______________________________
Housefurnishings (except curtains, draperies, and bedspreads)_______
Textile bags, not made in textile mills_____________________________
Canvas products_________________________________________________
Miscellaneous fabricated textile products, not elsewhere classified____
Lumber and timber basic products:
Logging:
Logging camps and logging contractors____________________________
Sawmills and special-product sawmills:
Sawmills (including sawmills combined with logging camps and saw­
mills combined with planing mills)______________________________
Planing and plywood mills:
Planing mills_____________________________ ____ __________________
Furniture and finished lumber products:
Household furniture:
Wooden household furniture______________________________________
Reed and rattan furniture________________________________________
Upholstered furniture___________________________________________ _
Metal household furniture______ ____ ____________________________
Mattresses and bedsprings____ ___________ _____ __________________
Office furniture:
Wooden office furniture.___________ __________________________ ___
Metal office furniture____________________________________________
Partitions, shelving, cabinet work, and office and store fixtures_________ |
See footnotes at end o f table.
408 1 0 2°— 42-------3




V alue of
p ro d u c tio n
in p riv a te
in d u s try ,
1939 2

$842,852

$685, 311,713

193, 835
1,180
482, 947

415,835,858
68,662, 722
113,353,402

8,104
7,157

140,337, 725
9,0 49 ,5 27

3,017

1 ,549,107

15, 610
257, 263
3,634, 994

32, 973. 994
16,897, 414
56,685,817

1, 329, 835

536,612, 780

295, 311
2,009
44, 346
706, 637

196, 772,344
45,404,814
11, 605,495
35,672,002

1, 443,454

184, 222, 956

602

36,419,098

4, 578
55,355

441,324, 635
104,446, 282

26, 557
3,344

61, 792, 937
19,076,348

3,109
87

46, 742,013
24,970, 797

864

17,941, 909

91,456
8,367
17,010
71
176,066

30,160, 558
21,601,163
39,830,309
11,304,341
35, 759,421

22, 782
458,010
226, 715
403, 861
101,403

70,232,983
67, 521,325
121,702,151
24,408,030
31,640,283

918

6 9,620,906

141,810

6 92,811,600

42,173

320,613, 516

1,152, 997 \f
119,069
260,413
545,472

419,463,592
3 ,4 27 ,1 02
128, 723, 519
52,912,856
113,114,633

3 140,028
4 229, 575
211,867

16, 753, 590
31,580,035
70, 718, 293

26

PRISON LABOR IN THE. UNITED STATES,

1940

T a b l e 11 .— Value o f Production in State and Federal Prisons in 1940 , and in Private
Industry in 1939 , by Specified Industrial Classifications o f M anufacturing Indus­
tries 1 Continued
—

Standard industrial classifications (major group, group, and industry)

Value of
production
in State
and Fed­
eral pris­
ons, 1940

Value of
production
in private
industry,
1939 2

Furniture and finished lumber products—Continued.
Wooden containers:
Vegetable and fruit baskets_______________________________________
$1,262
$12,263, 562
Rattan and willowware (except furniture)_____ ______ ______________
21,857
3,917,695
Wooden boxes (except cigar boxes)________________________________
7,310
87,353,766
Window and door screens, shades, and Venetian blinds:
Window shades__________________________________________________
360
27,070,810
Caskets, coffins, burial cases, and other mortician’s goods______________
3,828
70,353,137
Miscellaneous wood products:
Wood products, not elsewhere classified.._____ ____________________
86,651
69,185,697
Paper and allied products:
Paperboard containers and boxes:
Corrugated and fiber boxes_______________________________________
5,902
448,347,697
Printing, publishing, and allied industries:
General commercial (job) printing_____________________________________
746,828
515,435,609
Chemicals and allied products:
Paints, varnishes, and colors__________________________________________
196,413
434,938, 754
Drugs, medicines, toilet preparations, insecticides, and related products:
Insecticides, fungicides, and related industrial and household chemicals.
56, 536
93,443, 777
Soap and glycerin____________________________________________________
533,867
302, 634,474
Hardwood distillation, charcoal, and naval stores:
Gum naval stores________________________________________ _____ _
6,774
17,361, 933
Miscellaneous chemical products:
Cleaning and polishing preparations_______________________________
16,176
89. 766, 752
Chemical products, not elsewhere classified (writing ink)____________
364
2, 951,259
Leather and leather products:
,
Leather—Tanned, curried, and finished:
Leather, sole, belting, upper and lining—regular factories____________
27, 775
329,728,052
Footwear (except rubber):
Footwear (except house slippers and rubber footwear)_______________ } 2,443,409
734,673, 111
House slippers____________________________ _______ _____________ _
Miscellaneous leather goods:
Saddlery, harness, and whips_____________________________________
21,093
12,118,430
16,112
Miscellaneous leather goods, not elsewhere classified________________
8,848,185
Stone, clay, and glass products:
Structural clay products:
230, 835
Brick and hollow building tile_____ ______________________________
78,153,227
11,360
1,824,881
Roofing tile_____________________________________________________
2,128
Sewer pipe and kindred products______________________________ ___
22, 745,881
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products:
155, 808
130,393,396
Concrete products_______________________________________________
190, 215
36,971,171
Lime_______________________________ ____ _______________________
Cut-stone and stone products:
275
75,811,785
Monuments and tombstones______ __________________ ____ ________
Iron and steel and their products:
Iron and steel foundry products:
229,621
301,051,791
Gray-iron castings_______________________________________________
372,616,014
41,132
Tin cans and other tinware, not elsewhere classified__ _______ __________
Cutlery, tools, and general hardware:
100
59,924,396
Cutlery and edge tools___________________________________________
Metal stamping, enameling, galvanizing, japanning, and lacquering:
178,395,076
Stamped arid pressed metal products (except automobile stampings).. 3,964, 039
Miscellaneous iron and steel products:
Forgings, iron and steel, not made in plants connected with rolling
12,395
104,883,196
mills________________________ _____ ________________________ ___
Nonferrous metals and their products:
Nonferrous metal products, not elsewhere classified:
55,639,398
10,429
Nonferrous metal foundries (except aluminum)----------- ------ ------------206,944,167
31,235
Aluminum products...----------------------- ----------------------------------------Machinery (except electrical):
Agricultural machinery and tractors:
167,895, 292
765,629
Agricultural machinery (except tractors)........... ...... ......... ...... ........... .
-Miscellaneous manufacturing industries:
Surgical, medical, and dental instruments, equipment, and supplies:
1,241
79,398,442
Surgical supplies and equipment, not elsewhere classified-----------------Toys and sporting and athletic goods:
500
55,400,894
Games and toys (except dolls, and children’s vehicles)---------------------Brooms and brushes:
11,842,422
299,939
Brooms_________________________________________________________
850,592
48,466,966
Brushes_________________________________________________________
Miscellaneous industries:
72,461
51,849,418
Miscellaneous fabricated products, not elsewhere classified---------------1 As prepared by the Technical Subcommittee on Industrial Classification, under the auspices of the
Division of Statistical Standards.
2 Data are from Census of Manufactures, Preliminary reports for 1939.
2 Includes Venetian blinds.
* Includes small amount of public-building furniture.




27

SALE OF PRISON-MADE GOODS

Sale o f P rison -M a d e Goods

Of the $9,122,840 worth of goods manufactured in State prisons in
1940 under systems other than the State-use and public works and
ways, the figures in table 12 show that 75 percent were sold within
the State where produced and 25 percent outside the State. The
effect o f regulatory legislation may be seen by comparing these per­
centages with those for 1932 when 34 percent of such goods were
sold within the State and 66 percent outside. The relatively large
volume of goods sold outside the State in 1940 by the Alabama Prison
System was all marketed in South America. Among the States with
the greatest volume o f out-of-State sales in 1940 were Minnesota,
which sold cordage and farm machinery valued at $812,328; Oregon,
flax products valued at $114,747; and Missouri, shoes and rope which
had a combined value of $140,126. Kansas, Michigan, and South
D akota sold considerable quantities of cordage.
Sales within the State accounted for 75 percent of all production
under the State-account and 73 percent of that under the piece-price
system in 1940. State prisons in only two States— Florida and South

Carolina— produced on a piece-price basis, and only South Carolina
sold such goods outside of the State. No goods were produced under
the State-account system in the District of Columbia, Arizona, Ne­
vada, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, and a number of States such
as Idaho, New York, Tennessee, and West Virginia sold only excess
farm products produced under these systems.
Federal prisons in 1940, as in the past, produced only under the
State-use and public works and ways systems.4
T able 12.— Value o f Goods Produced Under State-Account and P iece-P rice System s in
Individual State P r is o n S o ld Inside and Outside o f State, 1940
Total, both systems
State and institution
Total

All State prisons________
Alabama: State Prison System......... __
Arkansas: State Penitentiary...............
California:
State Prison at Folsom__________
State Prison at San Q u e n tin ..___
Colorado:
State Penitentiary.._____________
State Reformatory_______________
Connecticut:
State Prison____________ ________
State Reformatory.........................
Delaware:
Sussex County Prison.....................
New Castle County Workhouse...
Florida: State Prison.............................
Georgia: State Prison_________ ______
Idaho: State Penitentiary____ _______

Sold
within
State

Sold
outside
State

State-account

Total

Sold
within
State

Sold
outside
State

i $9,122,840 2 $6,831,667 3$2,291,173 $8,822,862 $6,612,678 $2,210,184
837,175
182,324

31,728
182,324

571
456,398

805,447

837,175
182,324

31,728
182,324

571
456,398

571
456,398

571
456,398

18,848
6,639

18,848
6,639

18,848
6,639

18,848
6,639

1,693
13,147

1,693
13,147

1,693
13,147

1,693
13,147

7,230
6, 078
4 65,532
14,370
4,307

7,230
6,078
4 65,532
14,370
4,307

7,230
6,078
4,693
14,370
4,307

7,230
6,078
4,693
14,370
4,307

See footnotes at end of table.
4 Excess-farm

products valued at $404 were sold on the open market by Federal prisons in 1940.




805,447

28
T able 12.— Value o f Goods Produced Under State-Account and P iece-P rice System s in
Individual State P rison s, Sold In sid e and Outside o f State, 1940 — Continued
Total, both systems
State and institution
Total

Illinois: State Penitentiary, Menard
$18,553
Branch____________ ______________
Indiana:
45,149
State Reformatory______________
12, 501
State Prison____________________
2,125
Women’s Prison________________
113,322
State Farm ...-.................. .......... .
Iowa:
10,027
The M en’s Reformatory____ ____ _
146,922
State Penitentiary____ _____ ____
1,548
Women’s Reformatory__________
Kansas:
3,669
State Industrial Reformatory____
92,594
State Penitentiary______ ________
Kentucky:
3,041
State Reformatory______________
2,005
State Penitentiary______________
533,534
Louisiana: State Penitentiary........... .
Maine:
24,350
State Prison...................................
3,016
State Reformatory for Men......... .
134
State Reformatory for Women___
6,964
Maryland: State Penal Farm________
Massachusetts:
130
Reformatory for Men___________
1,258
Reformatory for Women..... .........
1,226
State Prison Colony........... .......
207
State Farm........ ................. .........
Michigan:
375
State Reformatory______ _______
292,336
State Prison of Southern Michigan.
35,687
Detroit House of Correction...........
2,046
Ionia State Hospital......... .............
Minnesota:
State Prison____________________ 3,062,018
3,387
State Reformatory________ ______
350,113
Mississippi: State Penitentiary...........
Missouri:
635,152
State Penitentiary____________ _
Intermediate Reformatory for
582
Young Men__________________
184
Montana: State Prison................... ......
Nebraska:
7,345
State Reformatory for Men______
131
State Prison____________________
1,380
State Reformatory for Women____
6,837
Genoa State Farm____________ _
2,540
New Hampshire: State Prison_______
New Mexico: Penitentiary of New
22,501
Mexico...... .........................................
New York:
Institution for Male Defective
27
Delinquents_____ ____________
257
Matteawan State Hospital............
25
Wallkill Prison.......... ....................
Woodbourne Institution for De­
80
fective Delinquents___________
32,107
North Carolina: State Prison System..
277,618
North Dakota: State Penitentiary___
Ohio:
270
State Reformatory...................... .
2,106
Lima State Hospital...................... .
Oklahoma:
98,125
State Penitentiary......................... .
22,122
State Reformatory......................... .
228,232
Oregon: State Penitentiary...............
38
Rhode Island: State Prison________
8 255,470
South Carolina: State Penitentiary_
_
123, 732
South Dakota: State Penitentiary___
5,582
Tennessee: Fort Pillow State Farm__
579,378
Texas: Prison System_______________
2,031
Utah: State Prison................................
Vermont:
State Prison and House of Correc­
10,979
tion for M en________ _________
6,200
Women’s Reformatory................. .
See footnotes at end o f table.




Sold
within
State

State-account

Sold
outside
State

Total

Sold
within
State

$18,553

$18,553

$18,553

45,149
12,501
2,125
113,322

45,149
12,501
2,125
113,322

45,149
12.501
2,125
113,322

Sold
outside
State

10,027
76,422
1,545

$70,500
3

10,027
146,922
1,548

10,027
76,422
1,545

$70,500
3

3,669
24,954

67,640

3,669
92, 594

3, 669
24,954

67,640

3, 041
2,005
533,534

3,041
2, 005
533,534

3,041
2,005
533,534

24,350
3,016
134
6,964

24,350
3,016
134
6,964

24,350
3,016
134
6,964

130
1,258
1,226
207

130
1,258
1,226
207

130
1,258
1,226
207

375
121,319
35,687
2,046
2,249,690
3,387
350,113
495,026

292,
35,
2,

375
121,319
35,687
2,046

812,328 3,062,
3,
350,

2,249,690
3,387
350,113

812,328

495,026

140,126

171,017

140,126

635,

582
184

582
184

582
184

7,345
131
1,380
6,837
2, 540

’, 345
131
,380
i, 837
!, 540

171,017

7,345
131
1,380
6,837
2,540

22, 501

22.501

27
257
25

27
257
25

27
257
25

80
32,107
277,618

80
32,107
277,618

80
32,107
277,618

270
2,106

270
2,106

270
2,106

98,125
22,122
228,232
38
16,331
123, 732
5, 582
579,378
2,031

113,485
38
16,331
103, 720
5, 582
579,378
2,031

10,979
6,200

10,979
6,200

98,125
22,122
113,485
38
«174,481
103,720
5,582
579,378
2,031
10,979
6,200

114,747
1 80,989

20,012

98,125

2 ,1 2
22

114,747

29

PRODUCTION— PUBLIC WORKS AND WAYS SYSTEM

T able 12.— Value o f Goods Produced Under State-Account and P iece-P rice System s in
Individual State Prisons , Sold Inside and Outside o f State, 1940 — Continued
Total, both systems
State and institution
Total

Virginia: State Penitentiary and Con­
vict Road Force.................................
Washington:
State Penitentiary...........................
State Reformatory______________
West Virginia: State Medium Security
Prison.................................................
Wisconsin:
Central State Hospital for Insane..
State Prison for W omen.............
State Prison______________ ______
State Reformatory............. ..........
Milwaukee House of Correction_
_
Wyoming:
State Penitentiary_______________
Industrial Institute_______ _____ _

Sold
within
State

State-account

Sold
outside
State

Total

Sold
within
State

$81,000

$81,000

$81,000

$81,000

40
1,712

40
1,712

40
1,712

Sold
outside
State

40
1,712

652

652

652

652

863
1,584
219,356
8,095
68,345

863
1,584
218,856
8,095
62,348

863
1,584
219,356
8,095
68,345

863
1,584
218,856
8,095
62,348

30,262
7,351

28,395
7,351

30,262
7,351

28,395
7,351

$500
5,997
1,867

$500
5,997
1,867

1 Includes $299,978 produced on piece-price basis.
2 Includes $218,989 produced on piece-price basis.
2 Includes $80,989 produced on piece-price basis.
^ Includes $60,989 produced on piece-price basis.
* Includes $239,139 produced on piece-price basis,
e Includes $158,150 produced on piece-price basis.
7Includes $80,989 produced on piece-price basis.

Production Under Public W orks and W a ys System

The total value of construction under the public works and ways
system in State and Federal institutions during 1940 was $13,448,838,
according to figures in table 13. This work was responsible for the
employment o f 24,337 prisoners. M ajor repairs to roads, valued at
$4,116,934, employed the greatest number of prisoners, 12,385, while
3,929 inmates constructed new buildings valued at $4,393,276.
State prisons in North Carolina led those in all other States in
1940 by employing 7,202 prisoners on public construction valued at
$2,444,845; 93 percent of this amount represented m ajor repairs to
roads. State prisons in Georgia, Virginia, and W est Virginia, chiefly
through the construction o f new roads, each completed construction
valued at over $1,000,000 and employed large forces of convicts.
Whereas 13 States employed prisoners on new road construction in
1932, only 5 did in 1940. M aryland and Texas, with extensive build­
ing programs well under way at the beginning of the year, each re­
ported for 1940 new building construction appraised in excess of
$380,000. Only 3 States failed to do any work of this type during
the fiscal year. Alabama and Illinois used State prisoners extensively
on alterations and improvements to buildings. Pennsylvania, with
considerable sewer and steam-line construction, led all States in the
value of miscellaneous construction.
Federal prisons employed 2,271 prisoners at construction valued at
$1,831,035 in 1940. The construction o f new buildings represented




30

PRISON LABOR IN THE, UNITED 'STATES, 1940

78 percent of the total valuation. Oklahoma, with new building con­
struction at the Federal Reform atory, exceeded all other States in
number of prisoners employed and value of construction.
T able 13.— Prisoners Productively Em ployed and Value o f Production Under Public
W orks and W ays System in State and Federal Prisons in Each State, 1940
Average number of prisoners productively employed
Construction
State

Land
develop­
ment

Total

Total, State and Federal
prisons---------- -------------

24,337

963

Altera­ New, other
tions and than build­
improve­ ings and
ments
roads

New
build­
ings

3,929

567

Roads,
new

Roads,
major
repairs

811

5,682

12,385

5,444

12.377

State prisons

All States......................... -

22,066

Alabama.._______________
Arizona_________________

954

2. 465
54
34
691
81
11

California
Colorado

Connecticut

...

__________

Delaware

District of Colum bia____
Florida. . ______________
Georgia

Idaho _________________
Illinois_________________

10
229
1,966
2,893

0)

9

418

750

36
31
34
92
81
11

296

2,123

86
4

19
154

30

119

41

66

Indiana_________________
Iowa
_ _ _
Kansas_________________
Kentucky_______________
Louisiana_____________
Maine__________________

107
106
4
119
70
8

87
68
2
119

20

Maryland_______________
Michigan_______________
Minnesota.______________
Missouri ______________
Nebraska_______________
New Hampshire__ ______

273
12
49
84
60
3

191
12
49
42
38
3

New Jersey_____________
New Mexico____________
New York______________
North Carolina___ ______
North Dakota___________
Ohio_________ __________

71
10
639
7,202
17
14

566

Oklahoma........ .................
Oregon________________
Pennsylvania___________
South Dakota___________
Tennessee_______________
T ex a s___________ _____

58
77
334
40
595
215

25

U tah................................
Virginia________________
Washington_____________
West Virginia___________
Wisconsin______________
Wyoming_________ _____

57
2,393
158
709
20

9

10
10
73
77
14

5

35
13

5

18
77
143
40
76
194

Requiring less than the full-time work of 1 prisoner for a year.




45

2,786

1,629
86

41

29

12
38
2

70

40
20

2
2
61
7,125

17
40
166

519

21

51
146
4

5
7

400

41

1
200
11
21

8

2,343

6
141
118

4

1, 666
551

576
13

PRODUCTION----PUBLIC WORKS AND WAYS SYSTEM

31

T a b le 13 .— Prisoners Productively Em ployed and Value o f Production Under Public
W orks and W ays System in State and Federal Prisons in Each State, 1940 — Con.
Average number of prisoners productively employed
Construction
State

Total

Land
develop­
ment

Altera­ New, other
tions and than build­
improve­ ings and
ments
roads

New
build­
ings

Hoads,
major
repairs

Hoads,
new

Federal prisons
All States...........................
Alabama............................
Arizona_________________
California .........................
Florida........................ ......
Georgia_________________
Idaho__________________

2,271
12
92
77
125
218
77

Kansas...................... ........
Michigan_______________
Minnesota______________
Missouri____ ___________
O h io.................................
Oklahoma______ ________

240
56
84
43
197
328

Pennsylvania.__________
Texas__________________
Virginia ______________
Washington_____________
West Virginia_______ -

9

1.806

149

61

238

4

12
22
34
125
175

10

12
29

58

171
78
155
205
113

5

218
36
72
12
197
328
171
78
155
133
38

43

8

77

22
12
20

42

10

3

2

11

10

14
75

6

Value
Construction
State

Total

Land
develop­
ment

New
build­
ings

Total, State and Federal
prisons------------------------ $13,448, 838 $179, 455 $4, 393, 276

All States........................... $11, 617,803 $171,795 $2,959.103
24, 700
733, 060
Alabama ________ _____
53,616
30,997
Arizona_______ _________
17, 729
17, 729
Arkansas ______________
41, 721
856,385
California_______
117, 500
117, 500
Colorado_______________
9,210
9, 210
Connecticut____________
5,872
5,080
792
Delaware
__________
284, 550
248,750
District of Colum bia__
22, 500
10. 500
Florida_________________
633, 550
155.000
575
_________________ 1.136,Georgia
300
300
Idaho________ _____ _
30, 690
142, 608
Illinois___ ______________
104,600
140,900
Indiana_________________
38,194
59,667
Iowa________________ . . .
1, 700
2, 700
Kansas
__________ __
125.000
125.000
Kentucky _____________
35,260
Louisiana_______________
7,722
7,722
Maine__________________
594,037
381.537
Maryland______________
20,140
20,140
Michigan_______________
17, 339
M innesota__________
17, 339
45, 745
Missouri________________
13,760
72, 701
88, 715
Nebraska_______________
2,930
2,930
New Hampshire_________
New Jersey........................
27,875
16,875
30.000
30,000
New Mexico____________
New York______________
179, 700 111. 132
68, 568
2,444.845
180,815
North Carolina. _ _______
9.840
North Dakota_ ________
_
6,500
6,500
Ohio___________________
50,803
Oklahoma _____________
35.803
175,980
175,980
Oregon ________________
301.000
182,000
15,000
Pennsylvania___________
South Dakota _ __
50.000
50,000
282,219
120,000
Tennessee.. _ __________
384,414
Texas.................................. 1 397,118




Altera­ New, other
tions and than build­
improve­ ings and
ments
roads

Hoads,
new

Hoads,
major
repairs

$412,096
$476, 630 $3,870,447 $4,116, 934
State prisons
$333, 371
60,108
3,869

$373, 045 $3, 668, 305 $4,112,184
648, 252
18, 750
34,114

81,148
36,300

3,000

950,723

570. 550
30,852

106, 500

30,000

777, 550

106,000

35,800

30, 770
21,473
1,000

35, 200

31, 400
12, 742

585
3, 272
11,000
2, 264, 030

9,840
15,000
104,000
12, 704

162.219

32

PRISON LABOR IN THE- UNITED STATES, 1940

T able 13.— Prisoners Productively Em ployed and Value o f Production Under Public
W orks and W ays System in State and Federal Prisons in Each State, 1940 — Con.
Value
Construction
State

Total

Land
develop­
ment

Altera­ New, other
tions and than build­
improve­ ings and
roads
ments

‘ New
build­
ings

Roads,
new

Roads,
major
repairs

State prisons— Continued
Utah ________ ______
Washington. ____________
West Virginia__________
Wisconsin _________ _
Wyoming.........................

$33,830
1.345,076
82.350
1, 027,836
31,221
10, 500

$1,000
7.500
4,083
5.500

$30,000
172,223
1,350
3,925
27,138

$3,830
70,000
38,451

$855, 572
977,960

$316,281
11,000

$5,666

Federal prisons

$7, 660 $1, 434,173
All States........................... $1,831,035
22,850
22,850
Alabama________________
219,189
101,810
A rizona________________
46,152
5,410
106,038
California_______________
Flnrida
120,205
120, 205
123,362
103, 362
Georgia. _ ___________
Tdaho
63, 111
116.832
115.437
Kansas________________
2,250
40.450
Michigan_______________
30,000
40,478
47,015
Minnesota______________
M issou ri.______________
10,075
29,207
141,900
141.900
Ohio....... ...........................
O klahom a
279, 509
279,509
170,786
170,786
Pennsylvania___________
40,804
40,804
T e x a s__________________
96, 580
96, 580
Virginia________________
144,447
102,475
Washington. _____
68. 750 _______
11,7.50
West, Virginia.______ ...

$78, 725

$103, 585

$202,142

14,050

54,123
40,426

63, 256

20,000

63.111

395
6,537
7,807

28,936

$4, 750

1,200

6,000

1,000

11.325

3,036

6.250
57. 000

3,750

Compensation to Productively E m ployed Prisoners

The Bureau endeavored to obtain information concerning amounts
paid to those prisoners who were productively employed. In 1940,
State prisoners of 18 States received no compensation for productive
work performed, while 30 States and the District of Columbia had
some system o f financial reward for such prisoners. In most States
these payments were purely nominal, ranging for the m ajority of
prisoners from 1 to 25 cents per working day. A few States made a
practice of distributing proportionately among the working inmates
part of the profits of the shops. Several States allowed “ industrial
good time,” 5 to prisoners employed at certain jobs but only one State
allowed as much as 1 day off sentence for each day worked. Federal
prisons, as a rule, had established more definite wage-payment policies
than had the State prisons.
STATE PRISONS

The variety of bases of compensating State prisoners made it
impracticable to tabulate the information obtained. However, the
principal methods of compensating the productively employed
prisoners in each State are summarized below.
6Time deducted from original sentence as one form of compensation for work performed.




C O M P E N S A T IO N

TO

P R O D U C T IV E L Y

EM PLOYED

33

A la b a m a . — Prisoners received no compensation except when, in
emergencies, t h e y were called upon for night or Sunday work on the
roads. For this overtime they received 15 cents per hour.
C a lifo r n ia . — The State Highway Commission paid men working in
the honor road camps $2.10 per day worked. Against this, the
prisoners were charged a pro-rated share of the camp expenses. In
the 6 camps the average net pay per working day ranged from 26.7
to 51.4 cents. No other inmates received compensation.
C on n ecticu t. — A t the State Prison for M en, first-grade prisoners were
paid 15 cents per day, but those in the second and third grades received
no pay. W om en’s Prison inmates were paid 10 cents per day for the
first 5 years and 15 cents per day thereafter. The W om en’s Reforma­
tory paid no wages.
D ela w a re. — The basic rate of pay at the Newcastle County W orkhouse was 10 cents per day. A few prisoners in skilled positions were
paid higher rates, with a maximum of 45 cents. W omen received
90 cents per month.
D istric t o f C o lu m b ia . — Prisoners were paid according to the pay
scale o f the jobs to which they were assigned. Jobs were classified,
not the inmates. Job-pay classifications were as follows: Grade A,
15 cents per day; Grade B, 10 cents per day; Grade C, 5 cents per day;
apprentice, no pay. A prisoner must serve at least 6 months before
he is eligible for a paid job. Only felons employed in “ industries” 6
were eligible for “ industrial good time” which was granted for excep­
tional skill and good conduct. Such felons in Grade A and B jobs
earned 2 days per month for the first year and 4 days per month
thereafter. Those in Grade C jobs earned up to 1 day per month the
first year and 3 days per month thereafter.
I llin o is . — Workers in the shirt factory at the Reform atory for
W om en and in some of the “ industries” at Joliet and Statesville were
paid varying amounts depending upon the production of the shops.
I o w a . — M ale prisoners received from 10 to 25 cents per day.
Females were paid 5 cents per day after serving 6 months.
K a n s a s . — M en were paid 4 cents per day, with the exception of coal
miners, who were paid 75 cents for each ton over a set task. W omen
received 5 cents per day.
K e n t u c k y . — All workers earned 8 cents a day.
M a r y l a n d . — A t the House of Correction, prisoners assigned to the
road gangs received $3 per month plus 5 days a month “ industrial
good tim e.” Those working in shops or on farms received $2 per
month plus 5 days “ industrial good tim e.” A t the State Penal Farm,
workers were allowed 5 days per month “ good time.” In the Peni6 “ Industries” represent those production shops which are generally included in a more or less formal
organization supervised by the prison warden or “ superintendent of industries.” They usually represent
the factory-' *ype of shop and do not include farms, maintenance shops, or construction work.




34

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED 'STATES,

19 40

tentiary all inmates employed by the “ industries” received a basic
pay o f 15 cents per day; skilled workers, 20 to 25 cents; and a few
experts, 40 cents.
M a ssa c h u se tts. — W om en’s Reformatory inmates placed “ outside”
as domestics customarily received $1.25 per day from the employer.
A t the State Prison, 37}£ percent o f all profit from all the shops was
distributed quarterly among the working inmates. The share of each
inmate depended upon his relative efficiency rating.
M ic h i g a n . — The Reform atory and the prisons at Jackson and
M arquette paid workers from 5 to 35 cents per day depending upon
skill and aptitude. The D etroit House of Correction paid both men
and women a flat rate of 10 cents per day.
M in n e s o t a . — A t the State Prison, prisoners working in the cordage
shop, print shop, and farm were paid 15 cents a day for the first 6
months, 25 cents for the second 6 months, and 30 cents thereafter.
An overtime bonus of 5 cents a day for time in excess of the daily work­
ing schedule was also paid. The farm-machinery plant and the
foundry paid on a piece-rate basis, with a monthly maximum of $15.
Workers at the M en ’s Reform atory received compensation ranging
from 6 to 25 cents per day, with an average per prisoner of 13)£ cents.
W om en’s Reform atory inmates were compensated at the rate o f 10
cents per day for the first 6 months and 15 cents per day thereafter.
For exceptionally hard work, such as milking or field duties, they were
paid 20 cents per day.
M i s s o u r i . — Prisoners at the State Penitentiary were paid from 50
cents to $3 per month, depending upon type of work and inmates’
ability. Young men at the Reform atory received 5 cents per day.
N e b r a sk a . — The Penitentiary paid bakery workers 5 cents a day and
those employed in the manufacturing shops 20 cents per day. In­
mates working in the metal, creamery, and shoe industries at the
Reform atory received 20 cents per day; no others were paid, but
outside workers were allowed 5 days per month “ industrial good time.”
The Reform atory for W om en paid inmates 5 cents per day after 6
months o f incarceration.
N e w H a m p s h ir e . — All workers received 15 cents per working day.
N e w J e r s e y . — Workers at all institutions with the exception of
Ann an dale were paid 6 cents per day for the first 3 months, 8 cents
per day for the second 3 months, and 10 cents per day thereafter.
They also received “ industrial good time” at the rate of 1 day per
full workweek. “ Lifers,” not being eligible for “ good time,” were paid
a flat rate o f 25 cents per day. Annandale prisoners were credited
with earnings at the same rates as prisoners in other institutions but
the money was turned into a canteen and recreational fund for the
benefit of all prisoners. Workers at Annandale were allowed “ good
time” only for overtime work, at the rate of approximately one-half




C O M P E N S A T IO N

TO

P R O D U C T IV E L Y

EM PLOYED

35

day for each 4 hours’ overtime. A maximum of 2 days of “ good time”
could be earned in any 1 week.
N ew York .— A t Attica, prisoners in the “ industries” were paid
wages ranging from 5 to 30 cents per day. In the textile shop alone,
a piece-work plan was in use. Piece-work rates were so planned that
although the average piece worker earned approximately the same
amount as the average day worker in other industries, it was possible,
through more efficient performance, for a piece worker in any job to
earn up to the State law maximum of 30 cents per day. Compensa­
tion at Auburn Prison was similar to that at Attica except that there
was no piece work and the average pay in any one shop might not
exceed 20 cents per day. An average of 5 cents and a maximum of
10 cents was established for farm workers. A t Sing Sing, all inmates
employed by “ Prison Industries” were paid on a piece-work basis in
order to “ familiarize the worker with usual shop procedure.” The
average pay per inmate employed in the industries was $61.75 for the
fiscal year— approximately 22 cents a working day. In “ State shops”
prisoners were paid from 5 to 15 cents per day for work on clothing,
rock crushing, shoe repair, etc. Wallkill, Great Meadow, and Clinton
Prisons had wage scales ranging from 2 to 30 cents per day, and the
woman prisoners in the clothing shop at Westfield State Prison Farm
received an average of 1 cent an hour.
North Dakota .— Binder twine workers received 20 cents per day plus
overtime of 5 cents per hour. All other productive workers were paid
18 cents per day.
Ohio.— At the Reformatory for Women the basic daily wage was 6
cents, although wage rates of 13 to 33 cents were paid to some women
holding jobs involving skill or responsibility. The State Penitentiary
and the State Farm made no distinction, in compensation, between
prisoners productively employed and those assigned to maintenance
duties. All were paid on the following bases: single men, no depend­
ents, one-half cent per hour; single men, no dependents, but honor or
skilled, 1 cent per hour; single men, no dependents, but skilled and
clerical, 2 cents per hour; married men, with dependents, 5 cents per
hour. These latter were credited with only one-half cent, and the
other 4K cents was sent to the dependents. At the Men’s Reforma­
tory, single men and .married men without dependent children received
1 cent an hour, but were held to maximum earnings of $25 during
incarceration. Inmates having 1, 2, or 3 or more dependent children
were paid 3, 4, or 5 cents per hour, respectively.
Oklahoma.— In the pants factory at the State Penitentiary, machine
operators, pickers, oilers, and porters received $2 per month, while the
more skilled occupations such as instructors, mechanics, cutters,
pattern markers, etc., were paid from $3 to $5 for the same period.
Pay for jobs in the twine plant ranged from $1 to $2.50 per month, de-




36

P R IS O N

LABOR

IN

T H E . U N IT E D

'S T A T E S ,

1940

pending upon the skill required. All workers in the cannery received
$1.50 per month plus overtime of 5 cents for each hour over 8 in any
day. All other productively employed inmates were allowed from
$1 to $2 each month. At the Oklahoma Reformatory, each of the 3
departments of the shoe factory divided among the workers $32 for
each 1,000 pairs of shoes produced. The boot shop divided 25 cents
for each pair. In the tannery and saddle shop, unskilled inmates
received $1 and skilled inmates, $1.25 or $1.50 per month.
Oregon.— Compensation ranged from 25 to 60 cents per day for
workers in the flax industry. No other inmates were paid.
Pennsylvania .— All institutions paid industrial workers on the same
basis. The daily wage rate varied from a minimum of 10 cents per
day for apprentices to $1 per day for a few highly skilled workers.
Some shops paid piece-work rates to insure quality and quantity
production, but earnings at these rates fell within the daily wage
scale. A bonus system was used to reward prisoners turning out
exceptionally high quality products.
South Carolina.— In the furniture factory there was no set task, but
most men were paid on a piece-work basis. Typical are “ arm men,”
who received 3 cents per arm; “ back men,” 3 cents per back; and
“ trimmers,” 2 cents per chair. Earnings on these jobs averaged
about $4.00 per month. Boxers, craters, and other laborers received
a flat rate of $3 per month. In the garment factory, prisoners worked
under a set-task system. Payments of 75 cents for the first task and
25 cents for each additional task resulted in average earnings of $3.50
to $4 per month for each prisoner. Prisoners in the auto-tag shop
earned from 15 to 30 cents per day, depending upon their skills. Farm
workers were not paid.
South Dakota .— Productively employed prisoners earned from 15 to
25 cents per day.
Tennessee .— At the State Penitentiary, men working on roads re­
ceived 5 cents per day and those in “ industries,” 7% cents per day. At
Brushy Mountain, coal miners worked on a task basis and were paid
25 cents per ton over the task. Other workers earned $1 per month.
All inmates at Fort Pillow received $1 per month.
Texas .— No cash payments were made but inmates employed at
numerous jobs were allowed “ industrial good time” ranging from 10
to 30 days for each month’s work.
Utah.— Inmate foremen and prisoners holding the more responsible
jobs were given three 25-cent books of stamps every 2 weeks. All
other productive workers received two such books. These stamps
could be used as postage or as a medium of exchange at the com­
missary.
Vermont .— Prisoners employed in the printing and auto-tag shops
were paid 15 cents each working day.




K I N D , Q U A N T IT Y , A N D V A L U E

OF P R O D U C T IO N

37

Virginia .— All employed prisoners received a basic wage of 10 cents
a day. In addition, certain skilled workers were granted a bonus of
5 to 25 cents per day.
Wisconsin .— Employed prisoners at the State Prison for Women
received 3 cents a day for the first year of sentence and 1 cent a day
thereafter. At the State Reformatory, men assigned to work outside
the wall were granted 5 days per month “ industrial good time.”
The State Prison paid workers after 1 month’s service in the twine
plant from 9 to 18 cents per day, depending upon the skill required for
the job. Laundry workers received 20 cents per day after 3 months’
service. Prisoners working outside the wall (farmers, etc.) earned
“ industrial good time” of 5 days per month. All prisoners received
in addition to any other earnings, the basic rate of 3 cents a day for
the first year and 1 cent a day thereafter.
FEDERAL PRISONS

Federal Prison Industries, Inc., a Government corporation, oper­
ated shops in 12 of the Federal Prisons. All prisoners employed in
these shops, with the exception of aliens without dependents in this
country, received compensation. In some cases this was based upon
an hourly rate ranging from 3K to 10 cents, and in others upon a group
piece-work plan. During the fiscal year 1940, $278,091 in wages
was shared by an average of 2,938 paid workers, resulting in an annual
average of $94.65 per man. A prisoner was allowed to use 25 percent
of his earnings. The balance was held in an account until the
prisoner’s release or was sent to his dependents, if any.
In eight of the prisons productively employed inmates were allowed
2 days per month “industrial good time” for the first year of employ­
ment and 4 days per month thereafter. At the discretion of the
warden, an extra day of “good time” could be allowed after 1 year’s
service, for “ exceptionally meritorious service” and after 4 year’s
employment, to any worker with a good conduct record. Workers in
the Federal prison camps received no monetary compensation but
were allowed “industrial good time” of 3 days per month for the first
year and 5 days per month thereafter. Prisoners returned from parole
or conditional releases are not eligible for “good time.”
K in d , Q uantity , and Value o f Production
STATE PRISONS

Examination of table 14 shows that 53,691,752 auto-license tags were
produced. Their valuation of $3,043,950 was higher than that of
any other article manufactured in 1940. Closely approaching this was
almost 40,000,000 pounds of binder twine valued at $3,039,508. Com-




38

PRISON* L A B O R

IN

THE

U N IT E ©

STATES,

1940

modities in the l-to-2 million dollar class were whole milk, cotton
yard goods, shoes, canned fruit and vegetables, and cotton.
In terms of dollar value, auto-license tags also constituted the most
important single commodity produced under the State-use system.
Miscellaneous farm products (principally truck crops), whole milk,
canned fruit and vegetables, shoes, cotton yard goods, and dressed
pork7 each were produced in quantities valued at more than $1,000,000
and with auto tags accounted for almost two-fifths of the value of all
commodities produced under the State-use system. The following
classes of goods, produced for State-use in the amount of $500,000
or more, are worthy of note: Work pants, work shirts, underwear
(knit and other), field corn, potatoes, highway markers (metal and
wood), miscellaneous printing and binding, soap, and wool yard goods.

Outstanding among the State-account sales were almost 40,000,000
pounds of binder twine valued at over $3,000,000, 66,237 bales of raw
cotton valued at over $1,000,000, cotton yard-goods amounting to
$805,447, and agricultural implements and parts worth $746,990.
These four major items accounted for 64 percent of all State-account
sales. If the values of shoes, rope, cottonseed, wood chairs, lime­
stone, sugar, jute bags, flax tow and fiber, and the item labor only
(clothing), each in excess of $100,000 were added to these others,
the total would represent 88 percent of all such sales. No other, of a
total of 128 classes of goods sold, equaled 1 percent.
Under the public works and ways system, major repairs to roads
employed more men and exceeded in dollar value all other types of
construction.

Only in the prisons of two States, Florida and South Carolina, was
the piece-price system in use. Sales of four furniture items and three
clothing items totaled 59 percent and 41 percent, respectively, of all
production under this system.
FEDERAL PRISONS

The Federal institutions employ prisoners and produce goods and
services only under the State-use and public works and ways systems.
The only items sold on the open market are certain excess farm
products. The volume of such sales in 1940 was $404, a negligible
amount. The ratio of State-use to public works and ways production
was 76 to 24. The combined market values of 328,697 pairs of shoes
and 4,846,306 yards of duck and canvas, each in excess of $1,000,000,
represented 35 percent of all goods produced. Brushes valued at
$757,194 comprised an additional 13 percent. Thus, almost half (48
percent) of the market value of all goods produced is accounted for in
the production of these three classes of commodities. Two classes
7 Including pork dressed on farm and in abattoirs. The latter is classified under “ other manufactured
products.”




K IN D , Q U A N T IT Y , AND V A LU E

OF P R O D U C T IO N

39

(brooms and tents) had a production value in excess of $200,000 and
seven others (suits, work shirts, milk, steel transfer cases, steel shelving,
wood chairs, and mattresses) ranged from $113,000 to $154,000.
Under the public works and ways system, approximately 80 percent
of the prisoners and 78 percent of the value of completed works were
concentrated in the construction of new buildings. Miscellaneous
construction included such items as water, sewer and steam lines, and
major repairs to sea walls.




T a b l e 1 4 . — K i n d , Q uantity, and Value o f Production in State and Federal P riso n s , b y System o f W ork , 1 9 4 0

O

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Type of production and commodities produced

Total

Quantity

83,515

________

Public works and
ways

State use

Value

Quantity

$56,731,654

Value

Quan­
tity

$34,159, 572

Value

State account

Quantity

Piece price

Value

Quan­
tity

Value

$13,448, 838

$8,823, 266

$299,978

$11,617,803

$8, 822,862

$299,978

State prisons
76, 775




j
Each___ ■
Each___ [

f
298

r
19
Dozen... 1
Dozen... >
Each___ J

\

l

[
358 <
l

M ....
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___ i 1,208 ,
Each___
Each___
Each___
Squares.
Dozen...
Dozen...
D ozenEach___
Dozen.
Each___

$28, 255,175

9,910

584, 551

355

3, 384
159,055

80,882
93,351
6,805

3, 211
6
4,068

2,971
47
133

15,980
102,147
131, 250
236
0)
735
180
0)
30, 304
36, 246
768
0)

172, 217
4,826
21,884
1,652
9,071
2, 205
1,800
71,032
40,667
2,075
11,360
. 8,913

3,880
336,012

39, 812
13,980

4,400
165
27
22, 437
13, 762
45,682

16,452
4,437
166
94,990
273,919
33, 968

9,945
0)
357
0)
0)
0)

587,459
14,025
3, 398
160, 747
11,942
32,043

15,376
12,681
25,123

83,853
93,398
6,938

12,165
12,675
21,055

19,860
438,159
131, 250
236
0)
} 735
180
0)
30,304
37,446
768
0)

212,029
18,806
21,884
1, 652
9,071
2, 205
1,800
71,180
40,667
2,108
11,360
9,307

4,400
165
57
22, 440
14, 329
45,682

16,452
4,437
334
95,001
276,430
33, 968

0)
0)
(i)
0)

35
2

2, 908
14,025
14
1,692
11,942
32,043

0)

148

0)
1,200

33

394

0)

30

168

3

11

567

2, 511

1940

Agricultural implements and parts:
Agricultural implements________ _____
Do-__ _____________ ______ _____
Agricultural implement parts___________
Do_______ ____________ _______ ____
R epairs__
_
.
Bakery products, commercial________________
Brooms, brushes, and mops:
Brooms_____ __________________ ___ .
Brushes____ ___________________ _____
Mops__ . . .
________________________
Clay, cement, and stone products:
Brick________ ________________________
Building tile__ ___________________ _____
Concrete blocks_____________________ __
Concrete cemetery vaults___ _______ .
Concrete cribbing.. ____________________
Concrete curbstones______________ _. ..
Concrete grave markers____________ _____
Concrete pipe_________ ________________
Concrete posts____________________ ____
Drain tile________ _________________ _
Roofing tile__ _____ ___________________
Miscellaneous_________________________
Clothing, other than knit:
Aprons... . _ . . . ______________________
Bathrobes_______________ _____________
Children’s play suits____________________
Coats, dress____ ________ ____ _________
Coats, work .. . _______ _____ __________
Dresses________________________________

$48,995,818

PRISON LABOR IN TH E UNITED 'STATES,

Total, State and Federal prisons__

Unit

Average
number
of pris­
oners
em­
ployed

Gloves and mittens.
408102-42-

Hosiery....... .....................................
Underwear_____ ____ ____________
Miscellaneous____________________
Construction:
Buildings________________________
Land development_______________
Major repairs to buildings_________
Major repairs to roads_____________
Roads___________________________
Miscellaneous_________ ______ ____
Cordage:
Binder twine________________ ____
Rope____ ____ _____ ____ _________
Farming, cattle:
Beef, dressed________ ____ ________
Cattle----------------------------------------Miscellaneous____________________
Farming, dairy:
Beef, dressed______ ____ __________
Butter____________ ______________
Cattle___________________ ________
Cream__________________________
Milk, skimmed__________________
Milk, whole_____________________
Miscellaneous___________________
See footnotes at end of table.




D ozen
pairs.
Dozen.
D ozen-

25,144

D ozen
pairs.
D o ze n
pairs.
D ozen-

927

2,123
954
418
12,377
5,444
750.
Pounds.
Pounds.

}

Pounds.
Head_‘_ . 1
Pounds.
Pounds.
H ea d...
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.

44,952

14,600
17,308
0)
22, 292
28, 589
10,453
33,703
64, 755
5,340
78,744
625, 550
285,972
57, 515
17, 308
5,672
1,064
8,157
0)

8,367
43,154
22,897
243,247
184,631
73.655
104,945
795, 712
38,402
535,900
1,269, 548
143, 542
493,137
68,775
22,972
17,965
16.655
39,903

14,243

10,435

14, 243

166, 211

193,835

166,211

193,835

123,625
0)

7,719

25,144

8,367
43,154
2 154,608
246,809
184,631
73,655
104,945
840,562
38,402
587, 590
1,429,741
143, 542
493,253
111, 689
22,972
17,965
16, 655
40,874

10,435

Dozen.-.
Each___
D ozenEach___
D ozenDozen...
Dozen...
Pairs_
_
Pairs_
_
Each___
Dozen. „
Dozen...
Each___
Each_
_

44,952

14,600
17,308
0)
22, 710
28, 589
10,453
33, 703
70, 702
5,340
89,947
726.971
285.972
57, 530
55,086
5, 672
1,064
8,157
0)

492,426
15,623

123,625
0)

492,426
15,623

C)
1
0)
0)
0)
0)
0)

0)

889

7,206

5,058

37,644

2,740
101,421

10,283
160,193

8,463

41,407

15
68

116
123

37, 710

42, 791

0)

C
1)

2,959,103
171, 795
333, 371
4,112,184
3, 668,305
373,045

2 131, 711
3, 562

418

0)
0)
0)
0)

0)

971

2,959,103
171, 795
333, 371
4,112,184
3, 668, 305
373,045

1, 316 f39,939,257
L5,039,433

3,039,508
595,271

39,348
8,840

2,982
1,894

39,899,909
5,030,593

3,036, 526
593,377

298

1, 551, 671
4,178
0)

187,755
217,326
8, 565

1,256,036
2,860

164,420
150, 201
6, 993

295, 635
1,318
0)

23,335
67,125
1, 572

86,275
135,130
143, 628
37,304
28, 233
1, 651,638
77,398

702,906
464, 572
2, 579
216,480
4, 213, 512
60,741,909
0)

84, 341
135,130
122,892
30,482
28, 233
1, 648,511
75, 661

22, 319

1,934

1, 572

725, 225
464, 572
3,374
272,415
4,213, 512
60,818,190
0)

795
55,935

20, 736
6,822

(*
)

76,281

0)

1

3,127
■1,737

KIN D, QUANTITY, AND VALUE OF PRODUCTION

Handkerchiefs_____ ______________
Hats and caps___________________
Labor only________ ______________
Overalls_________________________
Overcoats_______________________
Pajamas and nightgowns......... .......
Pants, dress_____________________
Pants, work______ _______________
Shirts, dress____ _______ ____ _____
Shirts, work_____________________
Shoes, new_______________________
Shoes repaired_______________ ____
Suits____________________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ______
Underwear, women’s and children’s.
Uniforms_______________ ____ ____
Vests, men’s_____________________
Miscellaneous____________________
Clothing, knit:
Gloves and mittens................... ........

T able

14.— K i n d ,

Q uantity , and Value o f Production in State and Federal P riso n s , b y System o f W ork , 1 9 4 0 — Continued

bO

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Type of production and commodities produced

Unit

Total

Quantity

State use

Value

Quantity

Value

Public works and
ways
Quan­
tity

Value

State account

Quantity

Value

State prisons— Continued

Farming, field crops and garden:
Barley___________________________
Beets, sugar or stock---------------------Corn, field_______________________
Cotton___________________________
Cottonseed---------------------------------Ensilage-------------------------------------Flaxseed------------------------------------Fodder----- —------------------------------Hay_____________________________
Labor only----------------------------------Molasses------------------ ------ -----------Oats_____________________________
Peanuts------- ------------------------------Potatoes_________________________
Straw------------------ ----------------------Sugarcane----------------------------------Tobacco_________________________
Wheat___________________________
Miscellaneous.................................
Farming, hogs:
Hogs________ ____ ______________ Do______ ____ - _____ ________
Pork, dressed____________________
Miscellaneous____________________
Farming, poultry and poultry products:
Eggs--------------- --------------------------Poultry, dressed__________________
Poultry, liv e ..------ ----------------------Do___ ____ __________________
Miscellaneous.................................




Bushels .
Bushels.
Bales__
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.
Tons___
Tons___
Gallons.
Bushels.

46,456
0)
1,076,291
69,098
10,404
56,399
24,163
16,564
47,040
0)
35,045
158,651
0)
752,486
4,501
80,424
42,000
123, 557
(0

$24,797
17,913
689,664
1,169,992
299, 647
404,073
57,324
55,131
489,669
1,377
13,935
67,895
16,402
661,443
23, 255
225,884
6,000
99,351
1,554,852

46,456
C)
1
1,074,291
2,861
6,260
56.399

$24, 797
13,001
688,464
137,105
188,900
404,073

16,564
46,694
0)
35,045
158,651
0)
684,391
4,501
69,794
42,000
123,154
0)

55,131
485.141
1,350
13,935
67,895
11,396
578,402
23,255
195,173
6,000
98,847
1, 503,665

(
I (1)
34,548
664 1 7,130,234
l
0)

5,485
455,788
624,924
14,653

0)
30,781
6,949,114
0)

376

182,724
117,092
37,027
2,822
106

805,125
564,345
57,392
0)
(l)

17,380

Bushels.
Tons___
Tons___
Pounds.
Bushels.

Head___
Pounds.
Dozen...
Pounds.
H e a d ...

0)
2,000
66,237
4,144

$4,912
1,200
1,032,887
110,747

24,163

57,324

346

4,528
27

(>)
68,095

5,006
83,041

10,630

30, 711

403

504
51,187

3,648
402,876
614,746
14,653

0)
3, 767
181,120

1,837
52,912
10,178

180,665
109.142
34,952
2,773
106

11,908
45, 334
2,236
0)

2,059
7,950
2,075
49

0)

0)

Piece price
Quan­
tity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Average
number
of pris­
oners
em­
ployed

See footnotes at end of table.




Each___
Each_
_
Each_
_
Each___
Each_
_
Each_
_
Pairs_
_
Each_
_
Each___
Each___
Each___

4,616
15,340
67,371

0)
0)

1

(9

738

Each___
Each_
_
Each___
Each___

9,309
2,692
603
450
1,524
3, 531
250
447
4,608
2, 271
6, 251
150
2,334
2,167
3, 230

(9
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___

85
1,842
2,356
7
519
7,411
1,483
146

Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
E ach....
Each___
Each___
Each___

137,289
8,170
8,766
3,854
356
262
73
1,381

Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___

(9

2,966

(9

264

o, voo

17,433

(9

1,217
1,699
7,272
0)

91, 727
6,057
1,640
11,454
36,389
7,473
1,000
6,458
4,597
33,016
49, 379
1,600
27, 560
150
32,819
6,908
1,475
10,818
2,178
IQ 543
,
16,427
284
3,425
87, 751
23, 200
1,335
7,228
394, 577
63,648
109, 982
114, 666
2, 359
6,118
2,232
2, 870
33, 609
1, 387
5,580
166,827
4,039
1,010
12,695
3, 589
127,536

(9
(9
(9
9,309
2,692
503
450
1,524
3,531
250
447
4,608
2,271
6,251

(9
(9

150
2,334
2,167
3,230
0)
85
239
2,273
7
519
17
1,266
146

0)

62,822
40
1,360
3,801
356
254
73

4,082
4,622
58,395

0)
0)

0)

534
10,718
8,976

91,727
6,057
1,640
11,454
36,389
7,473
1,000
6,458
4, 597
33,016
49,379
1,600
27,560
150
32,819
6,908
1,475
10,722

(9

96

2,178
2,056
16,189
284
3,425
244
20,050
1.335
7,228
256,150
780
28,284
113,763
2,359
5,923
2,232

264
3,088
10,288

24,668
1, 387
5,580
126,349

1,217
1,684
7,272

1,010
12,573
3,589
107,238

(9

(9

1,603
83

8,487
238

7,394
217

87,507
3,150

58,647
421
38
53

104,804
1, 263
176
903

8

1,484
8,941

7,145

40,478
4,039

$33,623
61, 605
81,522

698

1,386

195

683

15, 820
7, 709
7, 368

0)
(9

15

(9

122
20, 298

QUANTITY, AND VALUE OF PRODUCTION

Farming, miscellaneous:
Farm hands hired out----Livestock, miscellaneous..
Miscellaneous___________
Furniture, metal:
Beds___________________
Bedsprings_____________
Benches________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc...
Cabinets, storage-----------Chairs.________________
Crib sides______________
Desks__________________
Document files__________
Filing cases_____________
Lockers________________
Repairs________________
Shelving_______________
Stools__________________
Tables_________________
Transfer cases___________
Waste baskets__________
Miscellaneous___________
Furniture, wooden:
Bedroom suites_________
Beds___________________
Benches________________
Benches, manual training.
Bookcases______________
Breakfast sets___________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc...
Cabinets, storage________
Cabinets and tables_____
Chairs_________________
Chairs, upholstered_____
Davenports, sofas, etc___
Desks__________________
Fiber articles___________
Filing cases_____________
Living-room suites______
Ottomans______________
Repairs________________
Stands_________________
Stools__________________
Tables_________________
Tavern fixtures_________
Trays, letter____________
Venetian blinds_________
Waste baskets__________
Miscellaneous___________

T a b l e 14. — K in d , Quantity, and Value of Production in State and Federal Prisons , by System of Work , 1940 — Continued
Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Type of production and commodities produced

Unit

Total

Quantity

Public works and
ways

State use

Value

Quantity

Value

Quan­
tity

Value

State account

Quantity

Piece price

Value

State prisons— Continued

Furniture, other than metal or wood:
Labor only_____________________________
Mattresses_____________________________
Pillows____________________ ____ _______
Repairs________________________________
Miscellaneous__________________________
Grain-mill products:
Cornmeal______________________________
Feed__________________________________
Flax meal______________________________
Flour__________________________________
Grits__________________________________
Labor only_____________________________
Wheat cereal___________________________
Miscellaneous__________________________
Laundry, commercial_______________________
Metal products—Tags, highway markers,and signs:
Auto license tags________________________
Brackets_______________________________
Highway markers_______________________
Repairs__________ ___________ ____ _____




$3, 592
360,988
20,852
12,822
4,328

14,346
2,882
160
31,768
351, 570
0)
202,360
0)
4,497,929

63,485

3.383
166,311
6.384
504
5,666
3,256
125,100

14,346
2,468

63,485
77, 586

28, 394
354,570
0)
202,360
0)
4, 253,643

146,066
6,384
504
5,666
3, 256
118,260

(53,691,752
14,890
270,150
(0
Each___ > 2,008
164,478
0)
21, 514, 534
Each.
0)

3,043,950
396
471,042
4,468
159,028
1,764
127, 352
2,862

53, 691, 752
14,890
269,809
0)
162, 548
0)
21, 514, 484
0)

3,043,950
396
470, 567
4,468
158, 634
1,401
127,348
2,241

26,470
4, 765
3,474
14,160
145, 784
« 54, 221
11,416
979
60,600
5,948

58, 653
0)
464
52,000
3, 614,054
(0
1,896
0)
62, 230
0)

26,470
4,765
3,474
14,160
145, 784
* 53, 559
11,416
979
60,576
5,948

0)

66§

Barrels
Tons___
Tons . . .
Barrels..
Pounds.

457

119

Pounds.
Pounds.

249

Each___
Each___
Each..

Pieces .
Each....
Each....
Pounds.
Sets-Pieces.

1,155

58, 653
0)
464
52,000
3, 614,054
0)
1,896
0)
62, 244
0)

8 ,1 0
80

0)
63,814
20,977
0)

(0

$3, 592
359, 225
20,838
9,829
4,147

199
10
0)
0)

$1, 763
14
2,993
181

414
160
3,374

10,514
3, 383
20,245

244, 286

6,840

341

475

1,930
0)
50
0)

394
363
4
621

14

24

Value

1940

Do____ ____ _________
Tags, miscellaneous 3______
Miscellaneous......................
Metal products, miscellaneous:
Aluminum ware.____ _____
Do................................. .
Animal cages_________ ____
Beetle traps______________
Castings______ ______ _____
Do___________________
Chains, tire________ ______
Chains, miscellaneous_____
Galvanized ware. ..............
D o ..................................

0)
64,013
20,987
0)
0)

Each___
Each...

Quan­
tity

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Average
number
of pris­
oners
em­
ployed

Do________________________
Cotton yard goods, light_______
Do_________________________
Duck and canvas______________
Gauze bandage________________
Miscellaneous jute products____
Rugs___ __________ ____________
Twine_________________________
Wool yard goods_______________
Yarn, cotton___________________
Yarn, wool____________________
Miscellaneous__________________

1,780
156,471
266,874
0)
0)
152, 363
117, 447

9,591
1,535
36, 798
1,818
7, 442
23,963
16,974
94, 687
244,609
196,413

350
0)
1,780
156,471
266, 874
0)
0)
152,363
117, 349

9,591
277
36, 798
1,818
7,442
23,963
16,974
93,998
244,609
196,241

Each___
Each_
_
Each_
_

r
3i, 1 3 1
1,121 19,841, 468
10, 284,104
0)

9,584
56, 697
29,471
561, 285

31,131
19,841, 468
10, 284,104
0)

9,584
56, 697
29,471
560,536

Tons ...
Tons_
_
Tons_
_

193,190
16,863
372,036
0)

190, 215
96, 590
283, 422
3,010

10,837
16, 830
350, 275
0)

8,831, 414
21, 709
0)

527, 798
6, 654
2,333

148 / 754,379
111, 107, 239

o)

Pieces...

C
1
)

Pieces. ..
Each_
_
Pieces. ..
729
63

Tons_
_
Gallons..

Pounds.
Gallons _
Gallons.
Pounds.
Dozen _.
Each_
_
Pounds
Square
yards.
Yards...
Square
yards.
Yards __
Square
yards.
Pounds.
Square
yards.
Square
yards.
Pounds.
Pounds.

2,345

1,258

689

0)
98

172

13,650
96,528
261.047
3,010

182,353
33
21,761

176, 565
62
22, 375

8, 830,800
21, 709
0)

527, 755
6,654
2,333

614

43

77, 987
320,488

195, 781
622,825

49,983
19,604

558, 598
10,484,414

28,004
300,884

498, 584
46, 566
42, 538
250, 862
486
5,894,052

457, 263
111, 031
11, 275
49,962
235
917,545

592
46, 566
42, 538
250,862
486
5,894,052

865
111,031
11, 275
49,962
235
917,545

497,992

456, 398

15, 625,112
70,834

913, 658
14, 230

1, 834, 721
70,834

108, 211
14, 230

13,790, 391

805, 447

2, 350
0)
482

603
831
5, 417

2,350
0)

603
831

482

5,417

0)
799, 376

215
632, 237

0)
785,986

215
617,126

13,390

15, 111

1,601,086
124, 203
0)

297,974
99, 303
2,160

1, 601,086
124, 203
0)

297,974
99, 303
2,160

{

1
}

0)

262

5,384

KIND, QUANTITY, AND VALUE OF PRODUCTION

Highway guard rails__________
Iron hollow ware_______________
Repairs______________ _____ ___
Steelware, stainless____________
Tin cans.............................. ..........
Tinware_______________ ____ _
Do_________________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Mining, c o a l...____ ___ ____ ______
Paint..____ ____ ______ ___________
Printing and binding:
Bookbinding and blank books. _
Envelopes_____________________
Letterheads____________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Quarrying and rock crushing:
Lime and agricultural limestone.
Stone, building________________
Stone, crushed_________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Soap and other detergents:
Soap_____________ _____ _______
Soap, liquid..____ _____________
* Miscellaneous.................... ............
Sugar:
Cane syrup____________________
Sugar__________________________
Textiles:
Bags, jute*____________________
Blankets_______________________
Cloths, knit, mop and polish___
Cotton yard goods, heavy______

749

0)

See footnotes at end of table.




Oi

T a b l e 14.—K i n d , Q uantity , and Value o f Production in State and Federal P riso n s , b y System o f W ork , 1940 —Continued

05

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Type of production and commodities produced

Unit

Total

Quantity

Public works and
ways

State use

Value

Quantity

Value

Quan­
tity

Value

State account

Quantity

Piece price

Value

State prisons— Continued

Textile products:
Auto-certificate holders----Bags, cloth--------------------Bags, tobacco____________
Covers, mattress............ .
Door mats------------- --------Flags 6__________________
Hooked rugs____________
Labor only--------------------Mop heads______________
Pillowcases______________
Repairs_________________
Sheets..________________
Spreads_________________
Tents___________________
Ticks, m attress .........._-.
Ticks, pillow— ..................
Towels_________________
Miscellaneous.....................
Wood products:
Baskets_________________
Boxes___________________
_
Coffins and rough boxes_
Crutches________________
Handles, brush and broom.
Hickory poles___________
Highway markers..........
Do________ ________
Lumber..............................
Millwork____
Shingles.........
Stepladders-..
Turpentine--.
Willows_____
Wood, fuel___
Miscellaneous




Dozen..
Dozen..

965

Dozen..
Each___
Each___
E ach Each___
Dozen. .
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each_
_
Each___
Each___
Board
feet.
Bundles .
Each___
Pounds.

C)
1
10,774
115,946
3, 965
1, 512
53,920

$1,004
25, 781
6,199
5,201
2, 778
42,389

4,312
22, 514
0)
29,158
21,568
24
6,091
2,529
52,546
0)

$1,004
25, 781
6,199
5,201
2, 778
43,592
3,020
196
17,198
48,833
224
213,414
21,446
300
11,862
600
101,606
41,160

0)
4, 312
22,507
0)
29, U
21, 568
24
6,091
2, 529
52, 539
0)

32
17,198
48,748
112
213, 374
21,446
300
11,862
600
101, 574
37,282

24,961
2,921
188
2,325
57, 508
140,000
34,000
0)
4,951, 596

19, 530
926
3,582
1,163
3, 369
700
54,560
9.242
101, 261

14, 707
2,921
165
100
57, 508
140,000
34,000
0)
4,477, 596

2,104
926
3,047
50
3, 369
700
54, 560
9,242
92, 729

0)
2,411
58
0)
52,000

42,173
5,314
270
6,774
3. 640
12,798
9, 307

0)
2, 411
58

42,115
5, 314
270

52,000
0)
0)

3,640
10, 587
6,909

0)
10,774
115,946
3, 965
1, 512
54,021

Dozen..
D ozenEach___
Each___
Each___

591

101

$1, 203
3,020
164

7

85
112
40

0)
0)

«

2

7

32
3,878

10, 254

17,426

23
2,225

535
1,113

474,666

8,532

0)

0)

58

0)

6, 774

0)
0)

2, 211
2,398

Quan­
tity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Average
number
of pris­
oners
em­
ployed

Other manufactured products:
Beef, dressed________ _____
Boxes, paper___ ____ ______
Canned fruit and vegetables.

Pounds.
Each_
_
Cases.

134

G)
G)
G)

1, 337, 236
165,029
200,910 ;
6,492
682, 678
1,172, 629
138,148
G) OtC
Q
400
1, 250,675
164, 338
5,874
51,612
11,107
G)
2,028,150
7, 658
8
G)
G)
C
O
3,542, 201
G)
G)
G)
781,175
834
(0

3, 713
164, 702

21, 315
15, 313
5,149

G)
G)
G)

21, 315
8, 754
5,149

144,215
10, 895
2,218

(0
42,200
(0
(0
(0

25,824
22,044
211, 432

100

918,187
220
(0

97,171
1, 771
26, 645
404,074
1,974

G)

86,016

8,894

613
7,764

97,171
1, 771
27,693
409,831
2,198
8, 599
27, 775
22,044
211, 432
500
3, 713
171,054

61,300

1,048
5,757
224
8,599
1,951

1,000
...

(0

500
......

6, 559

Federal prisons

Total, all types.
Brooms, brushes, and mops:
Brooms________ ____
Brushes........ .................
DoJ..........................
Clothing:
Aprons...................... .
Bathrobes____________
Coats, dress___________
Coats, work...................
Dresses_______________
Gloves and mittens____
See footnotes at end of table.




$7, 735,836

6,740
Dozen..
Dozen _.
Dozen..
Dozen. _
Each___
D ozenEach___
Dozen
pairs.

1

$5,904, 397

343

46,030
163, 568
(0

216,086
755, 395
1,799

46,030
163, 568
G)

216,086
755,395
1,799

1,181

616
632
15,000
1,187
3,677
13, 709

3,402
11,381
97,972
13, 687
5,459
32, 261

616
632
15,000
1,187
3,677
13,709

3,402
11,381
97,972
13,687
5,459
32, 261

$1,831,035

$404

QUANTITY, AND VALUE OF PRODUCTION

1,912

165,029
6, 492
1, 258, 645
138,148
400
164,338
5,974
11,107
7, 658
144, 215
11, 508
9,982

G)
G)
G)
3, 584,401
G)
G)
G)
G)
781,175
1,000
834
G)

Cement_________________ ____ _________ Bags___
Coffee, roasted_________ ______ _________ Pounds.
Dehydrated vegetables__________________ Pounds.
Doormats_____________________________
_
Envelopes, auto tag............ ......................... Each_
Flax tow and fiber______________________ Pounds.
Harness_______________________________ Sets___
Do________________________________
Insecticides, deodorants, and related chemi­
cal compounds_______________________
Labor only_____________________________
Meat products, miscellaneous___________
Pork, dressed__________________________ Pounds.
Repairs________________________________
Saddlery_______________________________
Shoe leather____________________________
Snow fence_____________________________
Tobacco, smoking and chewing__________ Pounds.
Toys__________________________________ Each___
Trucks, laundry (canvas)_______________ Each___
# Miscellaneous__________________________
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing):
Labor only_____________________________
Repairs (machine and automotive)_______
Seafood......... ..............................................

1, 337,236
200,910
743,978
(0
295
1,250,675
60,506
G)
2,028,150
918,187
228
G)

T able

14.— K in d ,

Q uantity , and Value o f Production in State and Federal P riso n s , b y System o f W ork ,

1940— Continued

00

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Type of production and commodities produced

Unit

Total

Quantity

Public works and
ways

State use

Value

Quantity

Value

Quan­
tity

State account

Quantity

Value

Piece price

Value

Federal prisons— Continued




Dozen...
Dozen...
Each___'
Dozen...
Each_
_
Dozen...
Dozen...
Pairs_
_
Pairs___
Each_
_
Dozen.
Dozen...
Each.:..
Each_
_

1 lol
1
1, 1Q

1,806
9
149
8
238
61
Pounds.
Pounds.
Head_
_
Pounds.

}

9 f
6l
137

1,996
0)
767
9,646
4,767
23,857
6,059
12,899
328,697
18,670
14,182
9,987
396
214
18,485
0)
0)
0)
0)
0)
0)
0)

$4,209
654
12, 506
84,008
30,473
80,490
60,634
119,657
1,013,908
10,074
120,130
31,659
1,934
2,500
. 22,711
4,728

1,996
0)
767
9,646
4, 767
23,857
6,059
12,899
328,697
18,670
14,182
9,987
396
214
18,485
0)

$4, 209
654
12,506
84, 008
30,473
80,490
60, 634
119,657
1,013,908
10,074
120,130
31,659
1,934
2,500
22,711
4,728

1,434,173
7,660
78, 725
4,750
202,142
103,585

0)
0)
0)
0)
0)
0)

43,053
0)

5,383
238

43, 053
0)

5, 383
238

64,971
345
5,605,873
0)

7,598
11,530
123,666
12, 590

64,971
261
5,605,873
0)

7, 598
11,177
123,666
12,533

$1,434,173
7,660
78, 725
4, 750
202,142
103, 585

Value

1940

Clothing—C ontinued.
Hats and caps....................................
Labor only______________________
Overalls____________________ ____
Overcoats_______________________
Pajamas and nightgowns____ _____
Pants, dress______________________
Pants, work_____________________
Shirts, work_____________________
Shoes, new_______ _____ _____ ____
Shoes repaired----------------------------Suits____________________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ______
Underwear, women’s and children’s.
Uniforms________________________
Vests, men’s____________ ____ ____
Miscellaneous____________________
Construction:
Buildings_______ ____ ______ _____
Land development______ ______ _
Major repairs to buildings.............. .
Major repairs to roads____________
Roads____________ ______________
M iscellaneous...................................
Farming, cattle:
Beef, dressed..___________________
Miscellaneous.................. .................
Farming, dairy:
Beef, dressed..... ...............................
Cattle_______ ____ _______ ________
Milk, whole______ _______________
Miscellaneous________ ___________

Quan­
tity

PRISON LABOR IN THE. UNITED STATE S,

Average
number
of pris­
oners
em­
ployed

j
1.

81
_

.

0)

$353
£i

BushelsTons___
Gallons.
Bushels.
Tons___
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.
Bushels.
Bushels.
Tons___
Bushels.
Head_
_
Pounds.
Dozen.. _
Pounds .
_
Head_
Each_
_
Each___
Each_
_
Each_
_
Each___
Each_
_
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each_
_
Each_
_
Each_
_
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each_
_
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___

!

57

}
326 {

2,468
566
880
14,077
11,940
404
17, 692
2,249
741
10,937
667
4, 768
67,966

6,146
142
1,796
27, 799
2,158
220
2,347
7,922
810
18,718
155
6,750
0)

2, 468
566
880
14, 077
11, 940
404
17, 692
2, 249
741
10, 937
667
4, 768
67, 966

3, 258
928, 848
C)
1

33.455
79.456
5,802

3,258
928,848
0)

33, 455
79, 456
5, 802

61, 350
23, 862
3, 341

732 <

6, 146
142
1, 796
27, 799
2, 158
220
2, 347
7, 922
810
18, 718
155
6, 750
0)

14,471
4,370
3,347

61, 350
23,862
3, 341

14, 471
4, 370
3, 347

4,189
1, 256
621
40,829
2,021
1,953
0)
585
7, 684
12, 325
0)

51,659
13, 201
11,177
113,064
5,208
13,674
135,159
7, 714
7,878
13,448
50, 672

4,189
1,256
621
40,829
2, 021
1,953
0)
585
7, 684
12, 325
0)

51, 659
13, 201
11, 177
113, 064
5, 208
13, 674
135, 159
7, 714
7, 878
13, 448
50, 672

22
252
41
71
794
23,190
676
398
466
0)
85
1,997
749
583
0)

340
3, 215
453
1,394
1,916
140, 721
20,400
10,918
4,464
68
899
17, 973
13,188
570
28,809

22
252
41
71
794
23,190
676
398
466

340
3, 215
453
1, 394
1, 916
140, 721
20, 400
10, 918
4, 464
68
899
17, 973
13, 188
570
28, 809

1,997
749
583
0)

KIND, QUANTITY, AND VALUE OF PRODUCTION

Farming, field crops and garden:
Barley________________ _____ ____
Beets, sugar or stock_________ ____
Cane syrup__________ ______ _____
Corn, field_______________________
Ensilage____________ ______ ______
Fodder__________________________
H a y .._________ ____ ____________
Oats_____ ______ _________________
Peanuts..............................................
Potatoes___________ _______ ______
Straw___________________________
Wheat__________ ____ ___ ________
Miscellaneous....................................
Farming, hogs:
Hogs____________________________
Pork, dressed____________________
Miscellaneous____________________
Farming, poultry and poultry products:
Eggs------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed__________________
Poultry, live..................................
Furniture, metal:
Beds_______________ ______ ______
Bookcases_______________________
Cabinets_________________________
Cases, transfer___________________
Chairs________ ___________ ______
Lockers_________________________
Shelving______ _______ __________
Tables__________________________
Trays, food______________________
Waste baskets_______________ ____
Miscellaneous....................................
Furniture, wood:
Beds_____ „_____________________
Benches_________________________
Bookcases_______________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc___________
Cabinets_________________________
Chairs______________ ______ ______
Davenports, sofas, e t c ...__________
Desks___________________________
Fiber articles_____________________
Repairs__________________________
Stands__________________________
Stools___________________________
Tables___________________ _______
Trays, letter_____________________
Miscellaneous____________________

See footnotes at end of table.




C
O

T

a

—bK 1in d , Q uantity, and Value o f Production
l4
e.

C

o

in State and Federal P riso n s, b y System o f W ork , 1 94 0 —

n

Oi
O

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Type of production and commodities produced

Unit

Total

Quantity

Public works and
ways

State use

Value

Quantity

Value

Quan­
tity

Federal prisons— Continued

Furniture, other than metal or wood:
f
47,482
Mattresses_____________________________ Each___ 1
44
Pillows________________________________ Each___ r
51 \
Repairs___________ _____ ____________ ...
J
l
o)
Laundry, commercial:
Dry-cleaning------- --------------------------------- Pieces.._
f
75,998
210 \ 2,911,566
Laundry, commercial___________________ Pounds.. }
Metal products—Tags, highway markers, and
signs:
_
Auto license tags_______________________ Each_
5
25,157
Metal products, miscellaneous:
f 479,819
Castings_______________________________ Pounds. }
36
Miscellaneous__________________________
1
0)
Printing and binding, miscellaneous__________
79
0)
Textiles’
37,079
Cotton yard goods, light________________ Square
yards.
165,659
Do__________
Yards... (
728 4,846,306
Yards...
Duck and canvas..
331,378
Tape____________
Yards...
212
Wool yard goods..
Square
yards.
Textile products:
Dozen...
3,152
Bags, cloth_______________
Each_
_
115
Flags____________________
Labor only_______________
0)
Each___
16,744
Parachutes, meteorological..
Dozen...
931
Pillowcases______________
Dozen. _ ► 169
629
Sheets___________________
Each_
_
36
Spreads__________________
Each_
_
164,974
Tents___________________
Each_
_
6, 511
Ticks, mattress___________
Dozen. _
3,677
Towels__________________
Miscellaneous_______ ____
0)




$154,996
83
975
13,919
78, 988

47,482
44
(0
75,998
2,911, 566

$154,996
83
975
13,919
78,988

6,792

25,157

6,792

38, 510
5,161
89, 791

479,819
(0
0)

38, 510
5,161
89, 791

13,915

37,079

13,915

13,803
1,060,431
1,657
281

165,659
4,846,306
331,378
212

13,803
1,060,431
1,657
281

94,570
1,825
41
29,354
2,123
4,392
88
223,381
9, 767
8,140
2, 506

3,152
115
0)
16,744
931
629
36
164,974
6, 511
3,677
. 0)

94,570
1,825
41
29,354
2,123
4,392
88
223, 381
9, 767
8,140
2, 506

Value

State account

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quan­
tity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES-, 19 40

Average
number
of pris­
oners
em­
ployed

t

Each___
Each_
_
Each_
_

74

6,227
607, 844
642,166
0)

6,384
34,183
24, 943
4,950

6,227
607,844
642,166
0)

6,384
34,183
24,943
4,950

84

16,834
0)
17,952
0)

30,261
8,151
78,812
18,468

16, 834
0)
17,952
0)

30,261
8,151
78,812
18,468

Cases...
Each_
_

1 Enumeration impracticable.
2 Includes labor and trim in fabricating the following: 1,736 dozen coats and jackets;
7,459 dozen coveralls; 37 dozen pajamas; 24,936 dozen pants; 15,034 dozen play suits;
16,341 dozen shirts; and 185 dozen shorts with a total valuation of $130,226.
3 Includes 17,294,000 tax tokens valued at $31,519 and 2,276,144 dog and hunters tags
valued at $39,704.




4 Includes 2,030 cast-iron road signs valued at $19,625.
8 Cloth woven and bags fabricated in textile mill.
8 Includes 40,000 danger flags valued at $2,468.
710-percent complete.

KIND, QUANTITY, AND VALUE OF PRODUCTION

Wood products:
Boxes____________________
Brush blocks_____________
Brush handles____________
Wood, fuel________________
Other manufactured products:
Canned fruit and vegetables.
Door mats________________
Trucks, laundry (canvas).__
Miscellaneous_____________

Or




A ppendix A
General Tables

Table A shows the kind, quantity, and value of articles produced,
together with the systems under which they were disposed of, in each
of the State prisons during the year 1940. Table B presents similar
data for Federal prisons.
Most articles produced in any considerable quantity are shown
separately and classified under type of production and subheading.
Where production of certain articles has been relatively unimportant,
they have been included under “miscellaneous.”




53

T

able

A.— K i n d ,

quantity , and value o f articles produced in State p r ison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system , and institution

Oi

A LA B A M A

Total____

STATE PRISON SYSTEM
__ ________

______ _

Unit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

5,002 _________ $2,595,089 _______ __ $1,024,854 _________
632
632
2,341
2,341

Brooms, brushes, and mops: Mops___
. . Each....
2
Clothing, other than knit_______________ _
91
Aprons____________________ __ _
Dozen
__ _ __ _ . Dozen _
Coats, work__________
Dresses_____ _______________ _______
Each..
Hats and caps_________________ _______ Dozen. _
Overalls_______ ______ _______ __ __ Dozen _
Pants, work_______________ _______ . Dozen. _
Shirts, work__________________________ Dozen. _
Suits___
______ __________ Each..
Underwear, women’s and children’s_
_
Dozen. _
Miscellaneous ______________ ______
Clothing, knit_______________ _____ ______
28
Hosiery_______________
_ ________ Doz. pr.
Underwear _ _ . ___________ ___ . . . Dozen .
Construction: Buildings.. ______ _______
36
Construction: Major repairs to buildings ...
86
Construction: Major repairs to roads______
2,343
Farm: Cattle___ _ ____________________ Head_
_
37
Farm: Dairy_____ __ __ _______ _______
30
Butter..
Pounds.
Milk, whole ..
Pounds. .
Farm: Field crops and garden____ _______
1,435
Corn, field.. _______ ___ _ _ _
Bushels .
Cotton.
_ _________
Bales _
Cottonseed .....................
_ ..
Tons
Hay_
_
_________ . . .
___ . Tons
Oats__
. __________ _ ____. . .
Bushels.
Potatoes __
__________ ____ _____
Bushels.
Radishes. _ _ _____ . . . _ ______ . Crates..
Rice_______ ______ _____
_ _____ Pounds.
Miscellaneous______ . . . .
.. _____
Farm: Hogs__________ ____ ______________ Head_
15
_




Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

553
1,383
2, 736
2,623
, 558
3,865
6,479
1, 719
2,374
0)

1,128
19, 915
2,006
3,462
8,035
39,423
31,099
11,174
9,401
1,131

553
1,383
2, 736
2,623
558
3,865
6,479
1, 719
2,374
0)
8,793
2,024

9,496
9,715

(,)607

9,496
9, 715
24, 700
60,108
648,252
49,622

607

49,622

4,745
_616,990

1,424
28, 589

4, 745
616, 990

73,440
68, 522
17,600
15, 750
14, 000
14,411
15,109
8,640
137,013
23,133

102,000
1,441
550
1,050
28,000

Value

216,000
0)
1, 532 J

8, 640
134, 805
23,133

Quantity

——

=

73, 440
68, 522
17,600
15, 750
14,000

0)
0)
0)

Piece price
Value

$837,175

$733,060

1,424
28, 589

102,000
1,441
550
1,050
28,000
14,750
13,166
216,000
0)
1,532

Quantity

1,128
19, 915
2,006
3,462
8,035
39,423
31,099
11,174
9,401
1,131

8,793
2,024
0)
0)

Value

State account

24, 700
60,108
648, 252

14, 750
13,166
•

0)

14,411
15,109
2,208

...

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Dozen.

8,760
(3
)

1,927
(3
)

8,760
(3
)

1,927
(3
)

Each.
Each.

1,112
1,045

4,448
784

1,112
1,045

4,448
784

Barrels. _
Pounds.

5,828
249,600

29,495
4,493

5,828
249,600

29,495
4,493

Each.
Each.

783,557
9,502

58,164
12,754

783, 557
9,502

58,164
12, 754

Each..
Yards.

13,924
15,621,196

19,941
913,219

13,294
1,830,805

19,941
107,772

Dozen.
Dozen.
Each..
Dozen

2,114
2,188
311
3,481
0)

2, 537
9,190
2,426
6,911
14

2,114
2,188
311
3,481
0)

2, 537
9,190
2,426
6,911
14

350,949
50,192
372,891

52, 642
91,925
37, 289

350,949
5ft, 192
372,891

52,642
91,925
37, 289

Pounds.
Cases...
Pounds.

13, 790,391

A R IZ O N A
STATE PRISON
Total________________________________
Brooms, brushes, and mops: Brooms___
Clothing_____________________________
Aprons___________________________
Coats, work_______________________
Hats and caps_____________________
Pants, work______________________
Shirts, work______________________
Shoes repaired____________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ _______
Construction: Buildings_______________
Construction: Major repairs to buildings.
Construction: Miscellaneous___________
Farm: Dairy_________________________
Beef, dressed_____ ■
_______________
Cattle____________________________
Milk, whole.___ __________________

$120,404
Dozen..
Dozen .
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Pairs..
Dozen .
Each..

Pounds .
Head_
_
Pounds.

$66, 788

80

480

80

6
6
3
173
118
6,420
65
3
0)
0)

30
91
4
1,863
846
1,404
159
30, 997
3,869
18, 750

6
6
3
173
118
6,420
65

30
91
4
1,863
846
1,404
159

58,859

6,474
1,930
9, 553

$53,616

480

oq

530,747

3
0)
0)
58,859
530,747

805,447

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Poultry and poultry products.
Eggs---------------------------------------Farm: Miscellaneous_ ____________
_
Furniture: Other than metal or wood.
Mattresses_____________________
Pillows________________________
Grain-mill products________________
Corn meal_____________________
Grits__________________________
Metal products____________________
Auto license tags_______________
Highway markers______________
Textiles___________________________
Blankets______________________
Cotton yard goods, light------------Textile products----------------------------Pillowcases____________________
Sheets_________________________
Ticks, mattress________________
Towels________________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Other manufactured products_______
Beef, dressed___________________
Canned fruits and vegetables____
Pork, dressed__________________

30,997
3,869
18, 750

6,474
1,930
9, 553

See footnotes at end of table.




Ox
Ox

T

able

A .

—K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p r is o n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

o

A R IZO N A —Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

state prison—continued

Farm: Field crops and garden
_ _
Barley
Ensilage
- ___ ___
_ __ _
Hay
Potatoes
- __
___ - _______
Wheat
.......................
Miscellaneous__________________ . . . _
Farm: Hogs .. .
____ ______________ .
Hogs _
- ______ ___ _
Pork, dressed
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs
Poultry, dressed
Poultry, live.Furniture: Other than metal or wood _____
Mattresses.^ _
_
. _ .
Grain-mill products: Flour
Textile products..
_ ____ _ _
Pillowcases
. .
. _____ ____ ..
Sheets ___
. . . ____
Towels
...
. ____ ___ _
Other manufactured products .. . . . __ _
Canned fruits and vegetables______ ___
Ice.________ ____________ _______ __ _




102
Bushels.
Tons
Tons
Bushels .
Bushels.
Head
Pounds.
Dozen
Pounds .
Head _
Each
Barrels..
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Cases
Tons

4
3

3
6
3

6

5,010
375
590
705
3,566
0)

$1, 783
3,000
7,080
355
2,853
5,497

5,010
375
590
705
3,566
(0

$1,783
3,000
7,080
355
2,853
5,497

587
33,638

7,008
3,196

587
33,638

7,008
3,196

3, 724
3,900
207

745
951
518

3,724
3,900
207

518

420
1,222

950
5,390

420
1,222

950
5,390

4
52
145

15
424
347

4
52
145

15
424
347

1,600
520

2,302
1, 540

1,600
520

2, 302
1, 540

745
951

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITE© STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

ARKANSAS

408102'

STATE PENITENTIARY
Total______________________________ _____

1,313

$427,649

$227, 596

Clothing
____
_____________ ___ ____
16"
Coats, work...
_ _ ____________ _ _ Dozen,
222
1,727
222
Pajamas and nightgowns____________ .
Dozen
425
71
71
Pants, work______ ____________ ____ _ Dozen
230
230
1,796
Shoes, new..
_____________ ______ Pairs _
2,009
4,520
2,009
Shoesrepaired___ _ _____________ ____ Pairs_
_
882
893
893
Construction: Buildings_________ _ . . . .
17, 729
34
0)
__________________ _
Farm: Cattle__ _
11
20,954
2,619
Beef, dressed . _________
_____ . Pounds.
20, 954
204
Miscellaneous.
__________ ______ ____ _ Pounds
0)
0)
Farm: Field crops and garden___________
1,166
Corn, field. . . . . ______ _ _____ Bushels.
62,446
62,446
37,468
Cotton.__ ___ _________ _ _ __ _
2,862
Bales
144,107
1,529
38,217
Cottonseed_______ _____ _______
Tons
2,417
Tons
36,148
2,417
Hay...
__________
____ _
_ _____ . Bushels.
28, 523
Potatoes _______________
28, 523
14, 788
273
205
273
Wheat.. __
______________ ____ Bushels.
Miscellaneous._______ _____ _ __ ___ _
36,181
C)
1
0)
Farm: Hogs ___ ____________ ___ _ ___ _
26
Lard. ^ _ _______ ___ _ ___ ___
2, 793
279
2, 793
Pounds .
Pork, dressed. _ . . . _ _. _ _ . . .
39,923
5,989
39, 923
Pounds.
Furniture: Other than metal or wood.
8
609
Each..
609
3,350
Mattresses.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
539
539
Pillows.
___ _
_ _ __ _ __ Each _
539
13
Grain-mill products_________________ ____
Corn meal
__ _
_
1,473
8,860
1,473
Barrels
Feed, stock ____________
___ ______
194
194
4,850
T ons....
Each_
_
4
564, 388
564,388
Metal products: Auto license tags___
42, 329
Textile products
4
224
224
Bags, cloth. __ ____ _______ _ . . .
1 ,8 8 4
Dozen _
114
114
Dozen .
274
Pillowcases___ _ ___ _ ________ ____
25
Sheets.-.
_ _____ ___ ___ _ ._.
25
Dozen..
107
Miscellaneous. __ __
_______ . .
41
0)
0),2 7 0
1 0 ,2 7 0
10
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits Cases.
31
2 2 ,1 3 1
and vegetables.

$182,324

$17, 729

_
= = = = = ____ : ____

1,727
425
1,796
4, 520
882
(0

17, 729

37,468
36,148
14, 788
205
.36,181
279
5,989
3, 350
539
8,860
4, 850
42,329
1 ,8 8 4
274
1 07
41
2 2 ,1 3 1

2,862
1, 529

144,107
38, 217

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

2,619
204

.

See footnotes at end o f table.




Or

T

able

A..— K in d ,

quantity , and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

Ox

00

C A L IF O R N IA

Total________

Unit

ALL IN
STITU
TION
S
-1____ ________________

Clothing_______ _______________ _______
Aprons____ _______ _______ ___ ___
Coats, dress. __ __________________ _
Coats, w o r k ...___________ _ ______
Dresses..____
___________ _________
Gloves and mittens____ _ __ __ .. _ . . .
Hats and caps.. ________ _ . . . _____
Overalls_ . . . _ ._ _______ . . . . . . . . .
_
Panamas and nightgowns.. ._ . . . ______
Pants, dress___ ______ ______ ______
Pants, work.. _____ _______________
Shirts, dress______________ . . . _______
Shirts, work. _________ . . . _________
Shoes, new ... _____ ________________
Shoes repaired___________ . . . ________
Suits_______ . . . . _______________ __
Underwear, men's and boys'. _________
Underwear, women’s and children’s... _
Uniforms______ _ ________ .. . . . ..
Vests, men’s_____ . _______________
Miscellaneous _____ ________________
Construction: Buildings. _____ .
Construction: Major repairs to roads
_____
Construction: Roads .
Construction: Miscellaneous______
Farm: Dairy______________________
Beef, dressed______ _________
Butter_______________________
Buttermilk____ ___________ _
Cattle _____ ___________
Cream________ ________ __
Hides. ______ _____ . . .
Milk, skimmed______ _____ _ ________




4,105
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each
Doz. pr.
Dozen
Dozen .
Dozen
Each _
Dozen ._
Dozen.._
Dozen...
Pairs___
Pairs___
Each.. .
Dozen. _.
Dozen...
Each
Each
Each___
M iles.. .
M iles...
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds .
Head
Pounds.
Pounds .
Pounds.

572

92
45
400
154
31

------------=

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

$1,760,266 ________ _

Quantity

$446,912

170
154
536
820
58
579
1,033
13
61
736
40
1,968
13,599
7,717
2, 552
408
30
57
14
C
O
2
4
11
(0

597
917
18,049
1, 514
42
1.784
5, 567
92
305
12,014
287
8.785
21,841
3,391
41, 545
873
273
177
42
638
41, 721
3,000
777, 550
34,114

170
154
536
820
58
579
1,033
13
61
736
40
1,968
13, 599
7, 717
2, 552
408
30
57
14
(0

2,305
3,676
74
9.040
2,064
32
2,894

17, 564
12,666
6,372
128
15,985

2,305
3,676
74
9,040
2,064

403, 569

2,894

Quantity

$856,385

597
917
18,049
1, 514
42
1.784
5, 567
92
305
12,014
' 287
8.785
21,841
3,391
41, 545
873
273
177
42
638

17,564
12,666
6,372
128
15,985
637
403, 569

Value

State account

2
4
11
0)

Piece price

Value

$456,969

41, 721
3,000
777, 550
34,114

637

32

Quantity

Value

_

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Milk, whole_____________
Miscellaneous___________
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Barley_________________

See footnotes at end of table.




1,171, 539
0)

35, 536
1,008

1,171,539
0)

35, 536
1,008

Bushels.
Tons___
Bushels.

2,750
71
1,202
0)

1,155
463
1,082
10, 280

2,750
71
1,202
0)

1,155
463
1,082
10,280

Head_
_
Pounds.

1,885
254,444

29,865
29,555

1,885
254,444

29,865
29, 555

Dozen.
Pounds .
Head_
_

68,343
27,326
8,619

13,119
4, 533
6, 528

68,343
27, 326
8, 619

13.119
4,533
6, 528

Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.

40
98
3
27
6,029
31
292
29
0)
0)
1, 561
1,220
0)

590
1,069
43
805
23,727
593
10,603
1,197
1,622
1,147
3,115
16,633
4,004

40
98
3
27
6,029
31
292
29
(*)
0)
1, 561
1,220
(0

590
1,069
43
805
23, 727
593
10,603
1,197
1,622
1,147
3,115
16,633
4.004

Each.
Each.

Each.

150

188

150

188

Pieces.

12,199
0)

2,747
329

12,199
0)

2,747
329

Each.
Each.

310.000
531.000
0)

721
1, 593
45,645

310.000
531.000
0)

721
1, 593
45.645

Tons.
Tons.

610
27,492

6,785
17, 276

610
26,120

6, 785
16,837

Dozen.

498, 584
(0
0)

457, 263
215
831

592

865
215
831

14
466
14
357

77
1, 888
41
1,464

14
466
14
357

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs_____________________________
Hogs________________________________
Pork, dressed________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs------------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed______________________
Poultry, live_________________________
Furniture: Wood________________________
Beds________________________________
Benches_____________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Cabinets_____________________________
Chairs_______________________________
Davenports, sofas, etc_________________
Desks_______________________________
Filing cases__________________________
Repairs______________________________
Shelving_____________________________
Stools________________________________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers,
and signs.
Signs________________________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Tinware_____________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Printing and binding_____________________
Envelopes____________________________
Letterheads__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Quarrying and rock crushing______________
Stone, building_______________________
Stone, crushed________________________
Textiles_________________________________
Bags, jute4___________________________
Twine_______________________________
Miscellaneous jute products____________
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Flags______ __________________________
Napkins_____________________________
Pillowcases___________________________

Pounds.

77
1, 888
41
1,464

Dozen.
Each..
Dozen.
Dozen.

(0
0)

1, 372

439

497, 992

456, 398

co

T

able

A.— K in d ,

quantity, ane? value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

o

o

C A LIF O R N IA —Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

all institutions—continued

Textile products—Continued.
Spreads ______ __________________
Tablecloths. _ . _ ___________________
Ticks, mattress
Towels _ __ _ ______________ ____
Miscellaneous _ ______ ____________
Wood products._
______________ . ..
_ ________________ ..
Boxes____
Millwork . .
____ _____ ____
Wood, fuel .
___
.
... .
Miscellaneous
_ .
_________ _
Other manufactured products
Canned fruits and vegetables
Dried fruits and vegetables_____ ______
Total

STATE PRISON AT FOLSOM
_______
________________

Clothing
Aprons . . . ._
_______ _________
Coats, dress. ________ ______________
Coats, work
_________
Gloves and mittens............ ............... .
Hats and caps
________________
Overalls . . . _________________________
Pants, dress__________________________
Pants, work______________ _____ _____
Shirts, dress. ___________ _______ .
Shirts, work
______ ______________
Shoes, new
_ ___________
Shoes repaired
....................................
Suits
..
___________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ________ .
Uniforms........................................ ...........




79
30
16
822
749
33

Each

110

Cases
Pounds.

$794
34
24
3,288
1,068
695

60

Each
Each
Each
Dozen

64
196
3,000
201

0)
0)
0)
0)
13,445
8,894

D ozen..
Each .
Dozen
Doz. pr.
Dozen. _ —
Dozen
Each___ —
Dozen.
D ozen..
Dozen
Pairs
Pairs___ —
Each
D ozen..
Each___

$794
34
24
3,288
1,068
695

60

64
196
3,000
201

13,445

20, 264

0)
0)

8

173, 777

386, 312

1,201
95

20,264
100

79
30
16
822
749

19
21
246
12
275
7
61
555
40
721
4,014
3,037
720
44
4

57
252
8,505
15
540
62
305
9,324
287
4, 325
7,603
1,519
18,000
132
80

19
21
246
12
275
7
61
555
40
721
4,014
3,037
720
44
4

57
252
8,505
15
540
62
305
9,324
287
4, 325
7,603
1,519
18,000
132
80

8,894
$211,964

$100
571

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITE© STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Each...
M iles...

89
65
13

Pounds _
Pounds _
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.

Bushels.
__

__ __

Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs
Poultry, dressed
Poultry, live
Furniture: Wood
_ _
Benches
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc

3
Pounds.
5

Dozen
Pounds.
Head

Pillowcases
Sheets
Tablecloths
T ieks, m attress

Towels
Miscellaneous________________________
See footnotes at end of table.




418
3,676
74
3, 675
2,064
32
2,894
5,962

3,233
12, 666
6,372
48
15,985

418
3,676
74
3,675
2,064

403, 569
198, 015

2, 894
5,962

2,750
71
1,202
0)

1,155
463
1,082
5,272

2,750
71
1,202
0)

1,155
463
1,082
5,272

904
75,072

13, 683
8, 767

904
75,072

13, 683
8, 767

30,993
12,905
5,083

6,131
2,082
3,859

30,993
12,905
5,083

6,131
2,082
3,859

14

45
1
27
4
16

360
25
805
200
128
834

45
1
27
4
16

360
25
805
200
128
834

Each
Each
Each
Each
Each

Cabinets
Desks
Tables
__
Miscellaneous
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Each
Siens
Metal products: Miscellaneous
Tinware
Pieces...
Miscellaneous
Printing and binding
_ . _
Envelopes
Each
Each
Letterheads
M iscellaneous
Quarrying and rock crushing
T ons
Stone, building
T on
Stone, crusheds
T extile products
N apkins

3, 233
12, 666
6.372
48
15,985
637
403, 569
198,015

117

Bushels.

__

14

Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Each___
Dozen

1
5
6

639

0)

42

2
0)

0)

150

188

150

1, 550
325

11, 292
0)

250
660
12,000

120, 000
220,000

6,785
8,031

610
18,337

6,785
7,592

14
333
55
16
822
401

41
1,400
590
24
3,288
741
170

14
333
55
16
822
401

41
1,400
590
24
3,288
741
170

]

250
660
12,000

610
19, 709

32

1, 550
325

120,000
220,000
0)

637

188

li, 292
0)

180, 850
31,114

9

—

0)

0)

0)

1,372

439

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Hav
Wheat
Miscellaneous
Farm: Hogs

42
180,850
31,114

14
2
(0

T

a

—K iAn d ,
b

.

quantity, and value o f articles produced in S ta te p r is o n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —
l
e

C

o

n

O)
to

C A L IF O R N IA —Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

state prison at folsom —continued

W ood products____________________ _ ____
Boxes. . . ______________________ ____
M illw o r k ...______ ________ ____________
W ood, fuel______________________________
M iscellaneou s.___ _ __________ _____
Other manufactured products
_ _
Canned fruits and vegetables
. . .
Dried fruits and vegetables _ __________

33
Each

110
Cases . .
P oun ds.

STATE PRISON AT SAN QUENTIN
T otal_______________ _____________________

13,445
8,894:

$28
196
3,000
28
20,264
100

24
0)
0)
0)
13,445

—

20, 264
8,894

1, 362,613

2,835

$28
196
3,000
28

261, 794

$644,421

437

92
45
311
89
15

126
290
46
304
1,026
13
181
1,247
9, 585
4,680
1,832
364
53
0)
2
4
9
0)

391
9,544
27
1,244
5,505
92
2,690
4,460
14, 238
1, 872
23, 545
741
97
504
41, 721
3, 000
596, 700
3,000

126
290
46
304
1,026
13
181
1,247
9, 585
4,680
1,832
364
53
0)

391
9,544
27
1,244
5,505
92
2,690
4,460
14, 238
1,872
23,545
741
97
504

10, 532
72

1,207
4,900

10, 532
72

1,207
4,900

$100
456, 398

19 40

Clothing_______________________ ___________
Aprons________________ ________ _____ _ Dozen.
___ . . .
Coats, work_____ _____ __
D ozen ...
Gloves and mittens__________ ___ . . .
D oz. pr
Hats and caps_________________________
D ozen ...
Overalls. . . .
_ ______
...
Dozen
Pajamas and n ig h tgow n s._____ __
Dozen
Pants, w o rk .._ . . . ____ ________ ____ _
Dozen
Shirts, work_____ ________ _____ ____ _ Dozen
Shoes, new
Pairs
Shoes repaired___ ______________ . . . .
Pairs
Suits.. _____ _ __________ _____ . . . ..
Each
Underwear, men’s and boys’ . . . . . . _. Dozen .
Uniforms
.
. . .
Each
Miscellaneous
____
___
Construction: Buildings
Each___
Construction: Major repairs to roads _.
M ile s ...
______ ______
M ile s.. .
Construction: Roads
..
Construction: Miscellaneous. ________ ____
Farm: Dairy. _ _ ________________________
Beef, dressed
Pounds .
___________________ ___ ................... Head___
Cattle




24
(0
0)
0)

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED' STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

2
4
9
0)

41, 721
3.000
596, 700
3.000

Pounds.

864, 356
114
14

H ead ...
Pounds

(9

26,184
1,008
4,289

0)

864, 356
0$

26,184
1, 008
4,289

0)

981
179,372

16,182
20, 788

981
179,372

16,182
20,788

34 080
11, 567
3,136

6,392
1,896
2,356

34,080
11, 567
3,136

6, 392
l ’ 896
2,356

40
53
2
29
6,029
31
288

590
709
18
1,197
23, 727
593
10,403
1, 622
1,147
3,115
16, 505
3,170

40
53
2
29
6,029
31
288

c5

590
709
18
1,197
23, 727
593
10, 403
l ’ 622
1,147
3,115
16, 505
3,170

1,197
4

(9

13
Pounds
Head
251
Each
Each
Each .
Each _
Each

(i)
(i)

Each
Each

1, 561
1,204
29

(■
5

Pieces

907
34

Each
Each .
Tons___

0)

7

471
933
33,645
9,245

498, 584

161
1,223

Dozen

190, 000
311,000
(!)
7,783

457, 263
215
831

(l)
(9

1,561
1,204
907

1,197
4

190,000
311,000

471
933
33, 645
9,245

0)

7,783
592

14
24
24
30
348
36

36
173

(9

36

(9

77
64
204
34
327
525

0)

77
64
204
34
327
525
36
173

(9

(9
(2
)

865
215
831

G)

14
24
24
30
348

Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each

(i)
(!)

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Milk, whole__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden______________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Hogs-------------------------------------------------Pork, dressed_________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs-------------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed______________________
Poultry, live_________________________
Furniture: W ood_________________________
Beds_________________________________
Benches______________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Cabinets, filing_______________________
Chairs_______________________________
Davenports, sofas, etc_________________
Desks________________________________
Repairs______________________________
Shelving_____________________________
Stools________________ ____ __________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Metal products___________________________
Tinware_____________________________
Miscellaneous_________________________
Printing and binding_____________________
Envelopes____________________________
Letterheads__________________________
Miscellaneous_________________________
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed.
Textiles__________________________________
Bags, jute4___________________________
Twine_______________________________
Miscellaneous jute products____________
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Spreads______________________________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous___________ _____________
Wood products___________________________
Boxes________________________________
Miscellaneous___________________ _____

497, 992

456, 398

See footnotes at end of table.




CO

T

a

A.— K in d ,
b

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued
l
e

O)

C A L IF O R N IA —Continued
AverUnit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

STATE INSTITUTION FOR WOMEN
Total_______________________________________

66

Clothing . . . _________ ._
Aprons _ ____ _
Coats, dress_____________________________
.
Dresses_____ ____________
Underwear, women’s and children’s.
Miscellaneous. ..
.
Farm: Dairy_______________________________
Beef, d r e s s e d ...____
_____________ .
Cattle_______________________ ____ _____
M ilk, w h o le ___ . . .
. . .
Farm: Field crops and garden______________ ,
Miscellaneous__________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs________________________________
___
Poultry, dressed_____ ____ _
Poultry, live. . _______ _______
Textile products: Flags__

40

$11,341
25
133
820
30

149
665
1, 514
273
134

3,799
8
109,168

680
465
3, 390

Dozen
Each. _.
Each. ._
Dozen.
3
Pounds .
Head _
Pounds.

0)

$11, 341
25
133
820
30

149
665
1, 514
273
134

3,799
8
109,168

680
465
3, 390

(0

13
2
Dozen
Pounds.
H ead..
Each___

8

719

0)
3, 270
2,854
400
466

596
555
313
1,888

719

0)
3, 270
2,854
400
466

596
555
313
1,888

COLORADO

Total.

ALL INSTITUTIONS

Clothing, other than knit____
Aprons_________________
Coats, dress____________
Coats, work____________
Hats and caps__________
Overalls________________
Pajamas and nightgowns..
Pants, dress____________




$412, 202

773
Dozen.
Each...
Dozen.
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
Each...

35

129
39
4
152
92
6
130

399
624
38
316
949
54
1,108

$269, 215
129
39
4
152
92
6
130

399
624
38
316
949
54
1,108

$117, 500

$25, 487

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

See footnotes at end o f table.




18

81
15
43

90
31
7
MO

8
26

320

9

663
9
693
7,240
583
17
0)

5, 561
157
5, 391
3, 496
7,293
449
50

663
9
693
7,240
583
17
(9

5, 561
157
5, 391
3,496
7, 293
449
50

2,594
1,433
C)
1
2

3,730
8,035
560
117, 500

2, 594
1,433
0)

3,730
8,035
560

18,090
52

2.533
3,900

18,090
52

2,533
3,900

15,882
7,638
18
1,092,000
0)

1, 930
2,291
900
20,633
350

15,882
7,638
18
1,092,000
0)

1, 930
2,291
900
20, 633
350

125

1, 250
18, 355

125
0)

1,250
16, 995

0)

2

117, 500

0)

1, 360

6, 737

148
59, 290

3,700
3, 943

1,868
1, 560

35, 023

6, 654

214

2,000
3, 782
939
422

148
154, 566

3,700
10, 680

95, 276

8,122
44,187

1,868
8, 214

81,22
9,164

214
0)
3,129
0)

2, 000
3,782
939
422

542
972

1,651
535

542
972

1, 651
535

793, 363
0)
4,135
6,000,000

79,336
1, 371
3,113
9, 755

793, 363
(0
4,135
6, 000, 000

79, 336
1, 371
3,113
9,755

2, 569
5,655
7,250

2,620
14,050
3, 625

2, 569
5, 655
7,250

2,620
14,050
3, 625

146, 318
4, 509

11, 401
1,074

146, 318
4,509

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Pants, work
_ . ______________ __ Dozen .
__________ - ____ Dozen.. _
Shirts, dress
Shirts, work
____________ -- -- Dozen .
_
Shoes repaired
_________________ Pairs_
_
Suits_________
___________________ Each_
_
Uniforms _ _______________ ____ _____ Each_
Miscellaneous __ ____________________
Clothing, knit
_ _________________
H osiery_____ _ ___ ___________ __ __ Doz. pr.
_____
______ Dozen.
Underwear ____
Miscellaneous - _____ _______ _______
Construction: Buildings. ______ ________ Each_
_
Farm: Cattle. __________________________
Beef, d ressed...______________________ Pounds.
Cattle_______________________________ Head
Farm: Hairy_______________
Beef, dressed______ ___________ . . . .. Pounds.
Butter_________________________
Pounds.
Cattle_____________________________
Head
Milk, whole___ _____ ______ ______
Pounds.
Miscellaneous. ... _________________
Farm: Field crops and garden__________ .
Hay_____________ __________________ Tons .
______ __________ ____
Miscellaneous
Farm: Hogs
Hogs.. __________________
Head
Pork, dressed___ ____ . _
______ _
Pounds.
Farm: Poultry and poultry products . _
Eggs______________________________
Dozen
________________ . . .
Poultry, dressed
Pounds.
Farm: Miscellaneous____________ _____ _
Lambs__________ _
Head
Livestock______________ _____ ______ _.
Wool__________________
Pounds.
Miscellaneous
_________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood _ .
Mattresses___ _
. _____________ _ Each .
_ ______ _______________ _____ Each
_
Pillows
Metal products_______________ ____ ____ _
Auto license t a g s_______
Each
Repairs___ _____________
Signs______________________________
Each
Tags, miscellaneous6
Each
Quarrying and rock crushing.-..................
Sand and gravel. _________________ _ Tons .
Stone, building_______________ ___ ._ Tons -_
Stone, crushed________ ______ _____ Tons . . .
Soap and other detergents .
_ ._
Soap.
_
.
_____
Pounds.
Soap, liquid............................................... Gallons_

11, 401
1,074

0)
3,129
0)

,

O

Ox

T able

A.— K in d , quantity , arid value

o f articles produced in State p rison s , 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system ,

ami institution —Continued

o
c*

CO L O R A D O -C on tinued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

all institutions—continued

24
Hooked rugs_________________ ____ ___

Dozen _
__________________ ________ Dozen
Sheets
Towels _______________ ____________ Dozen
Miscellaneous________________________
Other manufactured products_____________
Canned fruits and vegetables____ _ _ __ Cases
Tobacco, smoking and chewing ____ _
Miscellaneous _______________________
Total

STATE PENITENTIARY
- ___________ - _________

Clothing, other than knit_________________
Aprons
______________________ Dozen
Coats, dress
______________________ Each
Hats and caps ______ _______________ Dozen
Overalls
Dozen
Pajamas and nightgowns
Dozen
Each
Pants, dress
_____
___
Dozen
Pants, work
Dozen
Shirts, dress
___
Shirts, work
Dozen
Shoes repaired - _____ _____ ____ Pairs .
Each _
Suits
_________________ ____
Uniforms
_________________ _ __ Each___
Clothing, knit
_ _________________
Hosiery
___ __ ___ ____ ___ Doz. pr
Underwear
Dozen
M iscellaneous
Each___
Construction: Buildings
Farm: Dairy
___
Beef, dressed............................................. Pounds.




41
256
827

41
256
827

(9

$2,687
98
1,119
1,184
250

(9

$98
1,119
1,184
250

19, 264
(9
(9

28,867
5,000
5,009

19,264
(9
(9

26

18

48
36

(9

228, 701

347, 549

637
31

$2,687

28,867
5,000
5,009

(9

108
39
81
79
6
130
496
9
610
6,000
583
17

334
624
146
829
54
1,108
4,361
157
4,891
3,000
7,293
449

108
39
81
79
6
130
496
9
610
6,000
583
17

334
624
146
829
54
1,108
4,361
157
4,891
3,000
7,293
449

2, 594
1,433
(9
1

3, 730
8,035
560
100,000

2, 594
1,433
(9

3, 730
8,035
560

il, 382

1,120

II, 382

1,120

$100,000

1

100,000

18,848

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 19 40

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Milk, whole
_________________
Pounds.
Miscellaneous
_ _________________
Farm: Field crops and garden______________
_________ __ _ Tons
Hay
__
Miscellaneous
_________ ______
Farm: Hogs
_
_______
Pork, dressed
_____ __ - Pounds.
Farm: Poultry and poultry products.__ __ _
E g g s____
*
"
____
Dozen
Poultry, dressed
_______ __ _ Pounds.
Farm: Miscellaneous
Furniture: Other than metal or wood___ __
Mattresses
__

Total

STATE REFORMATORY
______
____ ___ _____

See footnotes at end of table.




«35
8
26

295
Tons
Tons
Pounds.
Gallons.
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen. _.
Cases
Pounds.

__

Clothing
Aprons
_
_
Coats, work
. ___________ _ _
Hats and caps _______ _____ _ ._ _
Overalls
Pants, work
_____
__ ___ _
Shirts, work
Shoes repaired
Miscellaneous
_ ___________
Construction: Buildings
Farm: Cattle
Beef, dressed
Cattle________________________ ____ —

7

9
22

18,115
350

966,100
0)

18,115
350

1,250
6,941

125
0)

1, 250
5,581

120, 776

0)

1,360

7, 301

61,486

3, 358

59, 290

3,943

8,122
44,187
0)

1,868
8, 214
4,204

8,122
9,164

1,868
1,560

35,023
(>)

6,654
4,204

542
972

1,651
535

542
972

1,651
535

793,363
2, 519
4,135
6,000, 000

79, 336
1,371
3,113
9, 755

793, 363
2, 519
4,135
6,000, 000

79,336
1,371
3,113
9, 755

5,666
7, 250

7, 500
3,625

5,666
7,250

7. 500
3, 625

146,318
4,509

11,401
1,074

146,318
4, 509

11,401
1,074

2,687
38
819
834

16
214
661

38
819
834

0)

2,687

16
214
661

19, 264
10, 945

28,867
5,000
5,009

19, 264
10, 945
0)

28,867
5,000
5,009

0)

0)

26

0)

64, 653

136
4
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen__
Pairs
Each_
_
Pounds.
_
Head_

33
15

17, 500

40, 514

21
4
71
13
167
83
1,240
0)
2

65
38
170
120
1,200
500
496
50
17, 500

21
4
71
13
167
83
1,240
0)

65
38
170
120
1,200
500
496
50

18,090
52

2, 533
3,900

18,090
52

6,639

___

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Metal products
Auto license tags
Repairs (signs)
__ _
Signs
Tags, miscellaneous6
_______
Quarrying and rock crushing _____
Stone, building
_______ _
Stone, crushed
___________
Soan and other detergents
Soap _____
_______ ______ _
Soap, liquid _ ________ _____ _ __
Textile products
Hooked rugs.
_________ __ __ _
Pillowcases
Sheets
Towels
Other manufactured products ____
Canned fruits and vegetables
Tobacco, chewing and smoking
__ _
Miscellaneous

20

966,100
C)
1
125

56

2, 533
3,900

2

17, 500

O

T

able

A.— K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued

O*
00

COLORADO—Continued
AverUnit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

state reformatory—Continued

Farm: Dairy______ ______ ______________ _
Beef, dressed________________________ _
Butter....... ........................ ........................
Cattle____________________________
Milk, whole.
__________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs________ ________________
Hogs_________ _______ __________ _
Pork, dressed___________________
Farm: Miscellaneous________________
Lambs. . . . _________ _____ _
__
Wool____________________________
Quarrying and rock crushing_____
Sand and gravel____ _ _____ ______
Stone, building_______________
___ _
Textile products_______________________ __
Pillowcases_________________ _______ _
Sheets__________________ ___
Towels_________ _____ _____ ______ _
Miscellaneous________________________

Pounds.
Pounds.
Head.... —
Pounds.

7

34
Head....
Pounds.
Head
Pounds.
Tons
Tons
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen

11
5
25
2

4,500
7,638
18
125,900

$810
2,291
900
2,518
11,414

0)

4,500
7,638
18
125,900

$810
2,291
900
2,518
11,414

0)

148

3, 700
3,379

214
3,129

2,000
939

2,569
655

2,620
6,550

2,569
655

60
300
350
250

25
42
166

2,000
939

2,620
6,550

25
42
166

$3,700

214
3,129

148
33,790

60
300
350
250

0)

33, 790

0)

3,379

C O N N E C T IC U T
ALL IN
STITU
TION
S
Total______________ _____________________
Clay, cement, and stone products: Concrete
posts.
Clothing_______ ____ ____________________
Coats, work__________________________
Dresses____________ ___ ______________
Overalls___ _________________________




392
Each___
Dozen _.
Each ...
Dozen__

10
70

$371, 935

$347,885

8,950

17,290

8,950

17,290

222
792
444

2,541
877
3, 525

222
792
444

2,541
877
3,525

$9, 210

$14,840

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Dozen,

382
665
1,231
0)
1

3,125
7,483
8, 456
2,813
9, 210

Pounds.
Pounds.
Head.
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.

22,352
4,438
63
4, 312
99, 798
1,339,104
0)

Bushels .
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels .

200
909
818
10,941
0)

Dozen. „
Dozen.. .
Each..-.

(9

3,125
7,483
8,456
2,813

2,596
1, 334
2,729
1, 313
2,953
53, 018
713

21. 357
4,438
16
4,312
99, 798
1, 278, 947
0)

2, 432
1,334
2,400
1,313
2,953
50, 220
53

170
6,864
13, 796
9, 420
16, 706

200
909
818
10, 730

170
6,864
13, 796
9, 230
16, 706

382
665
1,231

(9

Pounds.

63, 763

6,606

63, 763

56,684
54,404
0)

16, 708
12, 507
60

56,684
54,404
0)

16
555
8

345
960
195
668
5S2
4,039
2,740

300

995

164

47

329

60,157
(‘5

2,798
660

211

190

16
255
8

345
660
195
668
582
4,039
2,269

16, 70S
12, 507
60

Each___
Each_
_
Each___

9,210

6,606

D ozenPounds .

1

300

Each.

0)

96

(9
0)

(9

471

189,698
413
109, 552
0)

16, 642
1, 756
8.816
46, 024

189,698
413
109, 552

Dozen....
D ozenDozen.-.

70
270
1, 594
0)

209
1, 521
1,876
2,199

70
270
1,594
0)

209
1, 521
1,876
2,199

Each-

34,000

54, 560
9,242

34, 000
0)

(9
96
(9
(9

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Pajamas and nightgowns,,.
Pants, work__________________________
Shirts, work__________________________
Miscellaneous.,._____ ________________
Construction: Buildings____ ______________
Farm: Dairy_______________ _______ ______
Beef, dressed_________________________
Butter_______________ ____ ___________
Cattle_______________________________
Cream_______________________________
Milk, skimmed____________ __________
Milk, whole__________________________
’ Miscellaneous________________ ____ ___
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Corn, field___________________________
Ensilage_____________________________
Hay-------------------------------------------------Potatoes_____________ ____ ___________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Pork, dressed____________________ i ___
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs-------------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed______________________
Farm: Miscellaneous______________________
Furniture: Wood_________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Chairs_______________________________
Filing cases__________________________
Repairs_____ ____ ____________________
Tables__________________________ ____
Tavern fixtures_______________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags______________________
Highway markers__________ ____ ______
Tags, miscellaneous___________________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Textile products_________________________
Pillowcases,-.____ ___________________
Sheets__________________ ____ ________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Wood products______________________ ___
Highway markers___________ ______
D o.___________ __________________

54, 560
9,242

Each .
Each..
Each..

(9

(9

16,642
1, 756
8,816
45,388

(9

636

See footnotes at end o f table.




O
O ’

T

a

A.— K i n d ,
b

quantity , and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system ,
l
e

and institution — Continued

o

C O N N EC TIC U T—Continued

ALL

U n it

Q u a n tity a n d v alu e of articles p ro d u c e d u n d e r each sy ste m
P u b lic w o rk s an d
w ay s

S ta te use
Q u a n tity

V alue

Q u a n tity

V alue

S ta te a cco u n t
Q u a n tity

Piece price
Q u a n tity

V alue

in s t it u t io n s —c o n tin u e d

O th e r m an u fa c tu re d p ro d u cts- ______ ______
C an n ed fru its a n d vegetables___________
D o _________________________________
M iscellaneous.
__ _______ ______ _ . . .

36
C a s e s ..

4,143
0)
0)

$7,041
4,083
5,624

4,143
0)
0)

$7,041
4,083
4,319

0)

$1,305

STATE PRISON AND FARM FOR WOMEN
66

C lo th in g . ______ _________ ____________ ____
D resses ____________________ ____ _____
M isc e lla n e o u s ____ __________ ______ _
F arm : D a iry ___ ________________ ________
B u tte r _____ ____________________________
C re a m __________________________________
M ilk , sk im m e d _________________________
M ilk , w h o le_____________ ______________
F arm : F ield crops a n d g ard en .
________
P o tato es . . ______
_
______
M iscellaneous ___ _
_
. . . . .
____
F arm : P o u ltry a n d p o u ltry p ro d u c ts
E g g s_______ _______
___
. ...
P o u ltry , dressed ____________
_______
T ex tile p ro d u c ts _____ ___ _____
________
P illow cases............ .............. . . . __ ______
Sheets
M iscellaneous
O th e r m a n u fa c tu re d products: C an n e d fru its
a n d vegetables.

9
E ach
10
P ounds.
P ounds.
Pounds.
P ounds.

15

B u sh e ls.
3

D ozen .
P ounds.
D ozen
D ozen

16

33,993
792

877
1,029

0)

792

877
1,029

4, 438
4,312
99, 798
125, 797

1, 334
1, 313
2,953
7,021

4,
4,
99,
125,

438
312
798
797

1, 334
1,313
2,953
7,021

1, 449
0)

1,648
4,571

1,449
(>)

1, 648
4, 571

11, 512
8, 668

3,157
2, 372

11,512
8, 668

3,157
2,372

70

209
1, 227
2,199
4, 083

70
(0
0)

209
1,227
2,199
4, 083

0)

221

13

33, 993

0)
0)

221

1940

T o ta l- _____________________________ ______

STATE PRISON
T o ta l_____

___

__

_ __

___

C lay, cem en t, a n d sto n e products: C oncrete
p o sts----------------------------------------------------------




223, 268

222

E a c h ___

10

8, 950

17,290

212, 365
8, 950

17, 290

V alue

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

In s titu tio n an d articles prod u ced

A v er­
age
num ­
ber of
T o tal
p ris­
oners
em ­
ployed Q u a n tity
V alue

$9, 210

1,693
|

Dozen .
Dozen .
Dozen ..
Dozen...
Dozen
Each_
_

45
Tons.
Tons. .
Bushels.
Pounds.
Dozen _
Pounds.

See footnotes at end o f table.




3
16
(2
)

Dozen.._
Dozen _

6
5

28

Each..
23
Cases__

STATE REFORMATORY
Total________ ____ __________ ______ _____
Farm: Dairy____________________ _______
Beef, dressed_____________ _______ ____
Cattle__________________________ _____
Milk, whole_______ ______ ____________
Miscellaneous___
______
. .
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Corn, field___________________________
Ensilage. „ . . . _ ______ . . .
Hay_ _____ . . . .. ___________________
_
Potatoes.. . . ..
_ ________________
Miscellaneous____ _ _______________
Farm: Hogs_
_ ... . . . .
._ _________
Pork, dressed____________________ ____

11
14

Pounds
Head_
_
Pounds..

222
444
382
665
1,231
0)
1

2, 541
3, 525
3,125
7, 483
8,456
1,784
9, 210

222
444
382
665
1, 231
(0

2, 541
3, 525
3,125
7,483
8, 456
1, 784

14,464
47
836,952
C)
1

1,446
329
31,433
59

14, 464

1, 446

836, 952

31,433

705
428
7,708
0)

5, 640
6, 776
6,166
8, 597

705
428
7,708
0)

5, 640
6, 776
6,166
8, 597

Pounds
Head_
_
Pounds^

34
Bushels.
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.
Pounds.

1

9, 210
47

329

0)

52, 285

5, 229

52, 285

13, 551
10,135
60
1,796

45,172
45, 736
0)
0)

294
1, 876

49
1,594

34,000
0)

54, 560
9,242

4,143
0)

7, 041
5, 624

0)

1, 305

13, 551
10,135
60
1,796

49
1,594

59

5, 229

45,172
45, 736
0)
(0

104
8~

i

294 r1, 876

34,000 ....54, 560
9,242
0)
4,143
(0

114, 674

7,041
4,319

101, 527 _________ __________ _________

7,888
16
376, 355
0)

1,150
2, 400
14, 564
654

6, 893
16
316,198
0)

986
2, 400
11, 766
53

200
204
390
1,784
(0

170
1,224
7,020
1,606
3,538

200
204
390
1,573
0)

170
1,224
7,020
1,416
3,538

11, 748

1, 377

il, 748

1, 377

13,147 __________ _________

995

164

60,157
0)

2,798
601

211

190

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Coats, work___ _________ __ _______
Overalls.____
__________
______
Pajamas and nightgowns_____ __ ___
Pants, work_ ~ _T
_
_________ __ _. ._.
Shirts, work
______ _
_. . .
Miscellaneous
Construction: Buildings__
Farm: Dairy______ ~____
Beef, dressed.._
Cattle __ ____
Milk, whole —
_
_ __
Miscellaneous __
___
Farm: Field crops and garden
Ensilage__ .* ___
_
___
______
Hay-.r_-_ ________
Potatoes_______
_ __
_
Miscellaneous. ________
___
_ ___
Farm: Hogs_______
. . . . ___
. ___ _
Pork, dressed___
.
_ ___
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_____
Eggs____ _____ _________
_____
__
___ __
Poultry, dressed. ___
Farm: Miscellaneous_ _
_
_____
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous____ .
Textile products___
Sheets____ _ _
Towels.
.
Wood products___________________________
Highway markers
_ _
_ _ .
________
Do ___
Other manufactured products.
_______
Canned fruits and vegetables___ ____
Miscellaneous..-. ___________ .
____

T

a

— K in d ,
b A

.

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued
l
e

to

C O N N E C T IC U T—Continued

Unit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

state reformatory—continued

Furniture: W ood__
__ _____ __ ______
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc__ ____
Chairs__________ _______ _____________
Filing cases__ __________ _________ . . .
Repairs__________________ . _________
Tables___________ _ ________ _ _ ___
‘Tavern fixtures and accessories. _______
Miscellaneous______ _ . . . ___ ____ _ .
Metal products___
__ ________ _ __
Auto license tags_____ . __ _________ .
Highway markers. . . .
Tags, miscellaneous.. .
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous____ .

Each..
Each..
Each..

17

0)

Each _

Each..
Each...^ —
Each..

16
555
8

17

27

96

0)
0)
189,698
413
109,552
0)

$345
960
195
668
582
4,039
2,740
16,642
1, 756
8,816
44,228

471

300

0)
0)

$345
660
195
668
582
4,039
2,269

16, 642
1, 756
8,816
43, 592

0)

636

16
255
8

$300
0)

0)
189, 698
413
109, 552
0)

96

DELAWARE

Total

ALL INSTITUTIONS
________ _________________________

Brooms, brushes, and mops: Brooms
"Clothing__________ ______________
Aprons_____ _____ _____
______
Coats, work_________ ____ __________ .
Children’s playsuits______________ _ .
Dresses __ _ __________ ___________ _
Hats and caps_______ ____ _______ _
.
Labor only_________________ _____ _ .
Overalls___ ______ ______ ______ _
Pajamas and nightgowns..___ _
Pants, dress________ ____ _______
Pants, w o rk __________________
Shirts, dress_____________ ________
Shirts, work___ _ _____ ____ ____
Shoes repaired ____________ _____ ____




183
Dozen...
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen.
Each___
Dozen...
Dozen...
Dozen
Each _
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen .

$68, 394

1
15

$49, 214

27

(9

27

73

1
5
5
223
6
0)

73
4
180
26
212
19
23
355
568
936
1,169
90
1,372
981

1
5
5
223
6

4
180
26
212
19
23
355
568
936
1,169
90
1, 372
981

45
69
144
202
10
211

0)

0)

45
69
144
202
10
211

$5,872

$13, 308

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITER STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Uniforms_
_

408102'

Miscellaneous
Construction: Buildings _

__ __
_ _ _ _
___

14
45

Each___
Pounds.

14
53
45
287
12
0)
1
2
792
Construction: Land 5,080
development
9
(0
5
11, 730
11, 730
1, 726
400
10
10
(9

7

91
Fodder
_ _„
_ ___ - __ -- __ _ __ ______

P o r k , dressed

Miscellaneous
__
__ __ ____
Farm: Poultry and poultry products __ __
Eggs
P o u ltr y , dressed

Poultry, live
- ___ ______
Farm: Miscellaneous
_______ ______
Farm hands hired out __ ___ _ ____
Furniture: Wood
__ ______ _____
Repairs
__ _
______
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses
Pillows
Textile products
Bags, cloth
Labor only.
__ __ ________ ______ _.
Pillowcases
Sheets
Towels
M iscellaneous
Wood products
__ ___ _____ ___
Lumber
_ __
______________ _ _
Wood, fuel
Miscellaneous
Other manufactured products
Canned fruits and vegetables___________

See footnotes at end of table.




Bushels Bushels.
5
"Freed

Pounds.
2

Dozen
Pounds
Head

1, 726
400

3,238
16
209,002
0)

356
128
5,404
751

3,238
16
209,002
0)

356
128
5,404
751

4,378
506
65
376
6,402
75
1,262
(9

2, 746
3,080
390
6, 500
3, 768
750
930
6, 541

2, 378
506
65
276
4, 652
75
1,262
(9

1,546
3,080
390
5.000
2,758
750
930
5,177

165
24,674
(9

1,650
2,886
144

165
24, 674
(9

1,650
2,886
144

803
162
225

3, 212
900
225

803
162
225

2

28
Faeh
Faeh

1

6
Cases...

100
1, 750

1, 500
1,010

(9

1, 364

495

(9

495

5, 247

(9

5,247

(9

90

(9
(9

2,156
246

420
420

613
189

420
420

26

30

80
128
350

0)

30
90
260
1,150
630
18

26

80
128
350

260
1,150
630
18

32,711
(9
(9

873
2,156
547

32. 711

873

C9

301

3,474

4, 524

3,474

(9

6

1,200

0)

Dozen

B d.ft

2,000

0)

4
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen

792
5,080

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Bushels.

2
0)

3,212
900
225

Pounds Pounds.

Straw
Wheat
Miscellaneous
Farm: Hogs
TTngs

53
287
12

0)

613
189

4, 524
00

T

a

A.— K in d , quantity , and value o f articles produced in
b
l
e

State p rison s , 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system ,

a

n

d

institution — Continued

DE L A W ABE—Continued

Unit

SUSSEX COUNTY TEISON
Total_____ ______________________________
Construction: Buildings
.
__ ___
Construction: Land development________
Farm: C a ttle___ ____ ___ _____ ___ ____
Cattle--- __________________________
Beef, dressed-.. - __ ________________
Farm: Field crops and garden___________
Corn, field-.- __________ _______ Fodder__
__
_ __
Hay __
________ ___ _ __
____
Potatoes____ ____________ _______ _
W heat._ __________ _
.__ .Miscellaneous.. ______ ______ _______ _
Farm: Hogs_______________ ______ ____
Hogs .
Pork, dressed
_
_
______
Miscellaneous
Farm: Poultry and poultry products.— _ _
Eggs _____
_ _
_ _ ______
Poultry, dressed___ _
_ _______
Poultry, live . . . _ _ . . . __________ .
.................
Wood products: Wood, fuel

70
Each___
Head _ _
Pounds.
Bushels.
Tons
Tons
Bushels.
Bushels
Head
Pounds.
Dozen _
Pounds..
Head_
_

Brooms, brushes,
Clothing
Aprons .
Coats, work
D resses

and mops: Brooms
_
______ ___
__ _ ________ __

Hats and caps_ ___________ — ___
_
Labor only ____________ _
_______
Overalls___ _ _________ ______
Pajamas and nightgowns_____ _______
Pants, dress__________________________




50

2

2

4

Dozen
Dozen..
Eaeh
Dozen..
Dozen
Dozen
Each_
_

Quantity

$24,038

Value

Quantity

792
5,080

10
4,160

400
666

10
4,160

1,200
1,155
4,125
1,844
302
3,417

231
175
1,446
402
(9

1,155
2,625
834
302
2, 053

34
8,084

340
1,227
144

34
8,084

803
162
225
2,156

3, 212
900
225

803
162
225

Value

$7,230

340
1, 227
144

3, 212
900
225

Quantity

400
666

2,000
231
275
3,196
402
(9

Value

State account

$5, 872

$10,936

2
(9

(9

(9

113
Dozen...

Public works and
ways

State use

2
(9

2,000

(9

38, 278

44,356

1
15

27

73

27

73

1
5
223

(9

4
180
212
19
23
355
568
936

1
5
223

4
180
212
19
23
355
568
936

6

45
69
144

792
5,080

(9

6

45
69
144

100

1,200

1,750

1, 500
1,010

(9

1,364

(9

2,156
6,078

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

NEW
CASTLE COUNTY WORKHOUSE
Total_____________________ .. ________

1
9
2

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED! STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

DozenDozen..
DozenPairs ...
Dozen..
Each...
DozenPounds .
Pounds.
Head....
Pounds.
Bushels.
Tons___
Tons_
_
Tons___
Bushels .
Tons___
Bush els .
Head_
_
Pounds.

3
y

41

3

202
10
211
1,839
5
14
45
C)
1

1,169
90
1,372
981
26
53
287
12

1,060

7, 570

1,060

356
128
5,404
751

3,238
16
209,002
(0

356
128
5,404
751

2,378
275
65
101
3,206
75
860
0)

1,546
1,925
390
2, 375
1,924
750
628
3,124

2,378
275
65
101
3,206
75
860
0)

1, 546
1,925
390
2, 375
1,924
750
628
3,124

131
16, 590

1,310
1,659

131
16, 590

1,310
1,659

202
10
211
1,839
5
14
45
0)

1,169
90
1,372
981
26
53
287
12

7, 570
3,238
16
209,002
(0

2
28
....

420
420

613
189

420
420

Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.

26

30
90
260
1,150
630

26
80
128
350

260
1,150
630

32,711
0)
3,474

873
547
4,524

32,711
0)
3,474

873
301
4, 524

4
0)

2

Bd. ft.
Cases. __

6

5,247

<0

90

(0

246

30

80
128
350

495

0)

5,247

(0

Each.
Each.
Dozen.

(0

495

0)

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Pants, work________ __________________
Shirts, dress__________________________
Shirts, work__________________________
Shoes repaired________________________
Suits, play___________________________
Uniforms_____________________________
Underwear, women’s and children’s____
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Cattle____________________________
Beef, dressed_________________________
Farm: Dairy_____________________________
Beef, dressed_________________________
Cattle_______________________________
Milk, whole__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Corn, field___________________________
Ensilage_____________________________
Fodder_______________________________
Hay-------------------------------------------------Potatoes_____________________________
Straw________________________________
Wheat_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Hogs-------------------------------------------------Pork, dressed_________________________
Farm: Miscellaneous_____________________
Farm hands hired out_________________
Furniture: W ood_________________________
Repairs____________ ________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Pillows_______________________________
' Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Labor only___________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Towels_______________________________
Wood products___________________________
Lumber______________________________
Miscellaneous____________ ___________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

613
189

See footnotes at end o f table.




<r
Oi

T

a

— K i An d ,
b

.

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —
l
e

C

o

n

o

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Unit

D. C. PENAL INSTITUTIONS




Dozen
Dozen
M
Dozen _
Each.
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Dozen

21

Quantity

Value

76

19

Quantity

4,175
5,132

753
623

4,175
5,132

6,672

80,061

6,672

80,061

265
65
394
847
222
82
310
181
1,021
0)
831
7,399
800
92
76
34
0)

1,376
748
4, 502
873
420
896
2,509
815
11,336
183
7,170
3, 557
7,080
•244
482
523
7

265
65
394
847
222
82
310
181
1,021
0)
831
7,399
800
92
76
34
0)

•, 376
1
748
4. 502
873
420
896
2,509
815
11,336
183
7,170
3,557
7,080
244
482
523
7

2, 523
1, 335
0)

Value

$284, 550

$462,950

753
623
181

Dozen
Pairs
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Doz. pr
Dozen

Public works and
ways

State use

$747,500

1,166
Brooms, brushes, and mops__ _____________
Brooms
_ __
Brushes
__ _
Clay, cement, and stone products__________
Brick
_ _
Clothing, other than knit. ________________
Aprons - ___________________________
Coats, dress ._ ________ ___________ __
Coats, work
Dresses
_
_____
Hats and caps
Overalls
Pajamas and nightgowns
____
Pants, dress
_ __ _
_____ _
Pants, work _
__ _ ______ ______
Repairs
___ ____ _____ ______ _
Shirts, work
_ ____ _______________
Shoes repaired
_
__ _______
S u i t s _____________
________
Underwear, men’s and boys’
_______
Underwear, women’s and children’s
Uniforms _
M iscellaneous
Clothing, knit ____ ____ _
Hosiery _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Underwear
_
__
Miscellaneous
_ _ __
Construction: Buildings. _ __ _ _______
___________
Farm: Dairy.....................................................

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

2,729
6,744
3,082

2,523
2, 729
6,744
1, 335
3,082
0)
248, 750
200
0)
Construction: Miscellaneous
35,800
29
0)
28

8

248, 750
35,800

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

t

Beef, dressed__________ _ ________ ______ _ _
___________
Cattle
Cream
______ ___
_________
Milk, skimmed
__________ _____

Pounds _
Head
Pounds.
pounds.,
pounds

35
10

10
84
32

12,977
60
16,945
79, 264
544,028

2,132
2, 005
2, 542
1,189
18, 360

450
511
183
818
7,871
(0

378
2,555
3, 302
360
8,085
16,939

450
511
183
818
7,871
0)

378
2, 555
3, 302
360
8, 085
16, 939

895
200, 534

17,900
18,039

895
200, 534

17, 900
18,039

13,135
9, 565
2,511

2,789
1,627
1,883

13,135
9, 565
2, 511

2, 789
1,627
1,883

651
143
1,757,959

3, 741
75
52,738

651
143
1,757,959

3, 741
75
52, 738

374, 576
6,221

239

2,132
2,005
2, 542
1,189
18,360

20, 770
14,804
Each

374, 576
6, 221

20, 770
14,804

1,837,639

88, 278

1,837, 639

88,278

7,388
_
0)

1, 925
5,684

7, 388
0)

1,925
5,684

74
5
58
203
196
240
24
120

257
6
184
876
1,902
257
300
202
342
876
25,004

74
5
58
203
196
240
24
120

257
6
184
876
1, 902
257
300
202
342
876
25,004

142
29
__
15

3
13

0)
0)
15,930

0)
0)
15,930

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Field crops and garden ______ ___
Bushels.
Corn, field * _ _ ._ _ _ ___ _____ _
Tons..
Ensilage
______
- __________
B^ay
_____ ______
____ ___ _
Tons
Bushels.
Oats _
____ _____ _____ ____ __
Potatoes
____ _ _ __
___ _
Bushels.
Miscellaneous__ __ _ _ __
_ _
Farm: Hogs
___
_ _ __ _ _ _
Hogs
_
_
Head
Pounds _
Pork, dressed
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs
"
*
*
__ _ Dozen
Poultry, dressed
Pounds.
Poultry, live
_ __ Head
Furniture: Other than metal or wood
Each
Mattresses
Each
Pillows
■_
Laundry: Commercial
Pounds _
Metal products: Tags, highway markers and
signs.
Each
Auto license tags
Highway markers
___
Metal products: Miscellaneous
_
Castings
__ __ __ Pounds _
Printing and binding
_ __ __ __
Bookbinding and blank books __ ____ Each
Miscellaneous
__
Textile products
_
__
__
Dozen
Bags, cloth
Covers, mattress
Each
Curtains
Pairs
Pillowcases
Dozen
Sheets
Dozen
Tablecloths
Each
Tents
Each
____
Dozen
Towels
_
Miscellaneous
_
__ __
Wood products: Miscellaneous __
_____
Other
manufactured products: Canned Cases__
fruits and vegetables.

12,977
60
16,945
79, 264
544,028

See footnotes at end of table.




<1

T able A.—K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued

00

FLORIDA

Unit

STATE PRISON
Total______________________
Clothing______________________________
Pants, work_______________________
Shirts, work_______________________
Shoes, new________________________
Construction: Buildings________________
Construction: Land development_______
Construction: Major repairs to buildings.
Construction: Major repairs to roads____
Farm: Cattle__________________________
Beef, dressed______________________
Farm: Dairy__________________________
Milk, whole_______________________
Farm: Field crops and garden__________
Corn, field________________________
Cotton____________________________
Hay______________________________
Miscellaneous_____________________
Farm: Hogs___________________________
Pork, dressed______________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products____
Eggs--------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed___________________
Farm: Miscellaneous__________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood___
Mattresses________________________
Pillows___________________________
Metal products: Auto license tags_______
Soap and other detergents______________
Soap______________________________
Soap, liquid_______________________
Other manufactured products__________
Canned fruits and vegetables_______
Insecticides and disinfectants_______
Shoe leather, tanned_______________




2,423
Dozen. _
Dozen. _
Pairs___
Each___

Pounds.
Pounds.
Bushels.
Bales.._
Tons___
Pounds.
D ozen..
Pounds.

82

11
296
30
1,629
6
36
150

7
4

78
Each___
Each___
Each___
Pounds.
Gallons.
Cases. __
Gallons.
S q.ft....

3

23
5
63

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Quantity

$869,964
4,767
5,066
4, 759
3
0)
(0
0)

35,121
25, 718
16,280
10, 500
22, 500
30,000
570, 550

Public works and
ways

State use
Value

Quantity

$170,882

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

$4,693

$633, 550

$60,839
4, 767
5,066

4, 759

16, 280

(9
(9
(9

62,000

7,750

62,000

4,169

87,090

4,169

11,300
8
15
0)

6,780
1,142
225
23,002

11,300

6, 780

15

225
23,002

128, 500

12,850

128, 500

12,850

20,006
9,150
(0

4,076
1, 647
19,891

20,006
9,150

4,076
1,647
18, 291

400
600
584,129

1,320
300
32,127

400
600
584,129

1,320
300
32,127

113,572
151

4,963
50

113, 572
151

4,963
50

3, 545
10,030
34, 373

5,318
1,692
10,943

3, 545
10, 030
22,466

5,318
1, 692
8, 992

10,500
22, 500
30, 000
570, 550

7,750

87,090

3

(9

(9

8

1,142

(9

1, 600

11,907

I, 951

Value

35,121
25, 718

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Tobacco, smoking and chewing________ I Pounds. I______ I
Miscellaneous________________________ _________ ______

92,793 I
0)

20,051 I
999

92,793 |
(0

20,051
999

GEORGIA

Total.

STATE PRISON SYSTEM

See footnotes at end of table.




3, 222
Each..

$1, 373, 678
66,433
(9

9, 654
5, 618

66,433
(9

9, 654
5,618

12
19
275
470

28
115
2,965
4, 229
155,000
30,852
950, 723

12
19
275
470

28
115
2,965
4, 229

1,680
2,800
797

16,800
88
(9

1,680
2,800
797

DozenDozen.
DozenDozen.
21
86
2,786
2
Pounds.
H ead...
7

$14, 370

$1,136, 575

$222, 733

(9
(9
(9
16,800
88
(0

(9
(9
(9

296, 915

7,431

296,915

7,431

Bales. __
Bushels.
Pounds.

80
5,945
30,000
0)

5,157
5, 786
3, 000
22,385

5
5,945
30,000
(9

235
5,786
3, 000
19, 711

Pounds.

141,100

14,110

141,100

14,110

Dozen..

3, 264
(9

781
744

3, 264
(9

781
744

151

3,079
1, 600
162

151
15

3,079
1, 600
162

155,000
30, 852
950, 723

Pounds.

~178

Each..
Each..

C
9

(9

Each..
Each..

106
85

207
43

106
85

1,093,106
6, 299

67, 242
7,836

1,093,106
6, 299

9, 591
28,431

(9
(9

2, 674

67, 242
7,836

(9
(9

(9

4, 922

207
43

Each..
Each..

75

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Clay, cement, and stone products__________
Concrete blocks_______________________
Concrete pipe________________________
Clothing_________________________________
Aprons_______________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns______________
Pants, work__________________________
Shirts, work__________________________
Construction: Buildings__________________
Construction: Major repairs to roads_______
Construction: Roads______________________
Farm: Cattle_____________________________
Beef, dressed_________________________
Cattle_______________________________
Miscellaneous_________________________
Farm: Dairy_____________________________
Milk, whole__________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden______________
Cotton_______________________________
Peanuts______________________________
Tobacco______________________________
Miscellaneous_________________________
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Pork, dressed_________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs-------------------------------------------------Miscellaneous_________________________
Furniture: Metal_________________________
Filing cabinets________________________
Repairs______________________________
Tables_______________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Pillows_______________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags______________________
Highway markers_____________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Highway guard rails___________________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______

9,591
28,431
CO

T able A.— K in d ,

quantity , and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system ,

QO
O

ant? institution — Continued

GEORGIA—Continued
AverUnit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

state prison system—continued

Textile products
Bags, cloth
Pillowcases
Sheets
Towels .. .
Miscellaneous
Wood products
Creosoted posts

.
.

_ ____ _
. . . __
_ ____ ____

______ _ _. _______
. . . ____________
. _______ _____
___ _ _ _ .
_________Lumber
_____
Turpentine .
_____ ___
Other manufactured products ______ _
Canned fruits and vegetables _______
Dehydrated vegetables
________ ____

Dozen
Dozen..
Dozen
Dozen

3

15
116
208
178

$45
835
1,496
320
24

(0
573,819
0)
4,287
51,612

—

47
Bd. ft _. _
. _.
7

Cases
Pounds.

(0

15
116
208
178

$45
835
1, 496
320
24

461
5,738
6, 774

(9
573,819

461
5,738

10,065
5,874

4,287
51, 612

10, 065
5,874

(9

(9

$6, 774

IDAHO
STATE PENITENTIARY
$40,824

Total.
Clothing____________________
Shoes, new______________
Shoes repaired___________
Construction: Buildings______
Farm: Dairy________________
Cattle__________________
Cream__________________
Milk, whole_____________
Miscellaneous___________
Farm: Field crops and garden..
Hay------------------------------Oats____________________
Miscellaneous___________
Farm: Hogs_________________




Pairs..
Pairs..
Each..
Head....
Pounds
Pounds.
Tons....
Bushels.
Head__

(9

$36, 217
307
704

1, 224
377

55,100
606, 000
(9

1,920
8, 270
9,090
600

30, 300
606,000
(9

1,920
4, 550
9,090
600

250
2,940
(9
219

1, 500
1,764
6,165
1, 923

250
2,940
<9
176

1, 500
1, 764
6,165
1,336

307
704
1

1, 224
377
300

$300

$4, 307

300
3, 720

587

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

2
2
1

oO 0 !
O0 1

Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs---------------------------------------- -----Dozen.
Poultry, dressed______________________ Pounds.
Wood products____________ ______________
Lumber_____________________ .______
Wood, fuel___________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits Cases___
and vegetables

0)

0)
1,303

2, 950
1, 207

11,801
4,826

2, 950
1,207

580
660
2,294

0)
0)

580
660
2,294

1, 303

ILLIN O IS

ALL IN
STITUTIONS
Total______ _____ _______________ ____

See footnotes at end o f table.




3,773

$1,421,974

$1, 583,135

$142, 608

2
Dozen
Dozen..
Each___
M
...
Each

150
41
48

435
63
34

401
16,044

401
16,044

5,982
(0

5,928
1,740
2,608
2,608
2,381

5,982
(0

5,928
1,740
2,608
2, 608
2,381

118
6,169
342
673
3,059
1,580
652
(0
2,869
1,187
697
5,573
2,200
136
194
5, 627
28,900
4,349
393
7
0)

488
20,617
5,863
441
4, 729
785
1, 924
6,954
37,288
12,312
4, 778
18, 637
26,385
2,369
1,051
38, 304
7,978
52,414
884
16
678

118
6,169
342
673
3,059
1,580
652
0)
2.869
1,187
697
5, 573
2,200
136
194
5, 627
28,900
4,349
393
7
0)

488
20,617
5,863
441
4,729
785
1, 924
6, 954
37,288
12, 312
4, 778
18,637
26, 385
2,369
1,051
38,304
7, 978
52,414
884
16
678

23,103
9,139
8

20, 944
32, 909
30, 690

23,103
9,139

20, 944
32,909

0)

547

Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen __
Dozen ._
Dozen
Pairs
Each___
Dozen
Dozen
Doz. pr.
Dozen

435
63
34

145

Each
Dozen
Each...
Dozen
Each ..
Doz.pr.
Dozen
Dozen

150
41
48

139
4l

0)

8
i
—1

$18, 553

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Brooms, brushes, and mops_________ ____
Brooms____________ 1. _______________
Brushes ______ _ ______ __________ _
Mops._ ______ ____ . . . ______________
Clay, cement, and stone products________
Brick__ _ . . . . . * _____________ ..
Concrete blocks .
. . _________ ___ _
Concrete pipe __________ _______
Concrete posts__
. . . __________
Miscellaneous . . . . ____________
Clothing, other than knit__________ __
Aprons __ . . . _ _ . . . ______ ____
Coats, d re s s.._____ . . . ______ ______
___________ _______ _
Coats, work...
Dresses_______ ______________ _____
Gloves and mittens_____ ___________ .
Handkerchiefs_______________ __ . . .
Hats and caps_ . . . ___ ___ ______
_
Labor only _. ______ ________ . . .
Overalls____ _______________________
Overcoats. _
._ .. ____________
Pajamas and nightgowns_____ . . . _.
Pants, dress . . . ____________ . . . _.
Pants, work_____________ . . . ___ _____
Rompers, boys’ _______________________
Shirts, dress__________________________
Shirts, work_________ _____ ___________
Shoes repaired__________________ ____
Suits...
_____
__________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ___________
Underwear, women’s and children’s . .. _
Miscellaneous.. . . _________ ____
Clothing, knit______ __________________
Hosiery. __________ _____ ______ . . .
Underwear . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Construction: Buildings.................... ............

30, 690

00

T a b l e A . — Kind, quantity, and value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued

to

IL L IN O IS —C ontinued

Public works and
ways

25,644
5,073
800
13,858
2, 510
7,614
943
1,317
1,181
74, 756
48, 224
7, 457
70,885

1940

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

ALL institutions—continued
Construction: Major repairs to buildings.
Beef, dressed
_.
Cattle
- - ___
Miscellaneous, ____ ___________________
Farm: D a iry ___________________________
Beef, dressed
_ _ ___
__
- .
Cattle
. ____
________ ____
Milk, whole
.
Miscellaneous _____ ________ _
Farm’ Field crops and garden, ____ _
___________
Corn, field
_____ _____
Ensilage
,
Fodder
_ _____________
Hay
__ ______________
Oats
______________ _____ _
__ _____ ___ ,_ _ _
Potatoes .
__________ ___
Sorghum
Straw
.
_________ ___ , _
Wheat
________ ___ _ .
Miscellaneous __________ __ _ .,
Farm* Hogs
________ _
Hogs
Lard
_ ____
Pork, dressed
__ ____
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs
, ______
Poultry, dressed
Farm: Miscellaneous___ ___________ _
Furniture: Metal
Beds
,
______ ______ ___
Benches
_____ ______ _ ,
Bnrea is, chiffoniers, etc
Cabinets_____ ___________ ___________




Pounds,
Head
Pounds,
Head
Pounds,
Bushels.
Tons
Tons
Tons
Bushels.
Bushels.
Gallons.
Tons
Bushels.
Head
Pounds,
Pounds.
Dozen
Pounds,
Each
Each
Each
Each___'

66
$81,148
(9
Construction: Miscellaneous .
12
30, 770
(9
10
10, 242
63,118
63,118
99
4,455
99
750
(9
(9
62
110,937
110,937
16,118
275
275
13,690
2, 329,624
63,968 2, 329,624
15,072
(9
(9
466
25,644
54, 261
54, 261
1,062
5,073
1,062
200
800
200
1,509
13, 858
1, 509
9,905
2,510
9,905
9,989
9,989
7,614
1, 572
943
1, 572
241
24.1
1,317
2,006
1,181
2,006
74,756
(9
(9
63
4,532
4, 532
48, 224
94,959
7,457
94,959
1,081, 721
70,885 1,081,721
8
10,873
1, 759
10,873
1,880
14,091
14,091
910
10
(9
(9
200
964
964
16,114
1
10
1
7,394
295
295
150
3,123
150

(9
(9
$10,242
4,455
750
16,118
13,690
63,968
15, 072

1, 759
1,880
910
16,114
10
7,394
3.123

$81,148
30, 770

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value




404

Each
Each

5

90
183

Pieces _

Tons___
Tons..
Pounds.
Gallons.
Sq. y d...
Sq. y d...
Dozen...
Dozen...
Each___
Dozen ..
Dozen...
Dozen ._
Dozen..
Each.. .
Each___
Each___
Dozen _

2, 800
3,900
2,020
4,040
83

1,189
215
303
344
(0

2,800
3,900
2,020
4,040
83

30
151
5, 663
233
420
356
0)
780
0)

288
2, 673
35, 936
3,849
15,436
2,359
1, 529
13,171
7,487

30
151
5, 663
233
420
356
0)
780
0)

288
2, 673
35,936
3,849
15,436
2,359
1,529
13,171
7,487

1,996
1,479
0)

14,743
3,428
375

1,996
1,479
0)

14,743
3, 428
375

7,508

Each
Pounds.

1,189
215
303
344
(0

872
60
40
163

9, 583

7,508

9, 583

6,058
0)
1,148
0)
0)
0)

770
10,409
1, 696
4, 979
19, 421
7,845

6, 058
(0
1,148
0)
0)
(0

770
10,409
1, 696
4,979
19,421
7,845

33, 764
74, 327

20, 259
50, 887

2,843
74, 327

1,706
50,887

2, 295,487
1,150

151,602
518

2, 295,487
1,150

151,602
518

185, 687
111, 134

60, 246
90,153

185, 687
111, 134

60, 246
90,153

2, 095
90,163
67
3, 684
1, 355
771
620
115
924
660
6,680
0)

7, 304
5,797
528
4, 922
6, 557
1,816
4, 766
99
966
151
7,958
824

2,095
90,163
67
3,684
1,355
771
620
115
924
660
6,680
0)

7, 304*
5, 797
528
4,922
6, 557
1,816
4, 766
99
966
151
7, 958
824

30, 921

$18, 553

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Chairs_____________________ _________
Desks_______________________________
Filing cases. _________________________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Furniture: W ood__________ _____ ________
Benches_____________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Chairs_______________________________
Davenports, sofas, etc_________________
Desks_______________________________
Fiber articles_________________________
Repairs______________________________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Pillows______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Signs________________________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Castings_____________________________
Do_______________________________
Galvanized ware______________________
Do_______________________________
Sheet-metal work_____________________
Tinware_____________________________
Quarrying and rock crushing______________
Lime and agricultural limestone________
Stone, crushed________________________
Soap and other detergents_________________
Soap_________________________________
Soap, liquid__________________________
Textiles__________________________________
Cotton yard goods, light_______________
Woolen yard goods____________________
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Bags, tobacco_________________________
Flags________________________________
Flags, danger_________________________
Mopheads____________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Tablecloths___________________________
Ticks, mattress_______________________
Ticks, pillow_________________________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
See footnotes at end o f table.

00
CO

00

T a b l e A .— K ind , quantity , and value of articles produced in State prisons , 1 9 4 0 , by State, system , and institution— Continued
IL L IN O IS —C ontinued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

ALL institutions—continued
Wood products: Lum ber___ _________
Other manufactured products... _____ ____
Canned fruits and vegetables
Disinfectants________
Gallons.
Snow fence___ ________ ____________
Tobacco, smoking and chewing.. ______ Pounds.
Miscellaneous__________ . ________ __
STATE PENITENTIARY
________________________
Total________




(9
(9
4,630
(9
364, 590
(0

1,491
M
Each
Each
Dozen
Each
Dozen.
Doz. pr.
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each .
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs
Each
Dozen...

95

334

$76
40, 715
5,788
18, 668
54, 608
6,207

(9
(9
4,630
(9
364,590
(9

$76
40, 715
5, 778
18,668
54,608
6,207
857,346

971,424
401
1,353
180
(9

5,928
203
287
2,381

401
1,353
180
(9

5,928
203
287
2,381

81
5,446
328
3,059
986
459
2,370
762
677
5,573
2,051
136
51
1,686
1,200
3,706
77

372
19,171
5,418
4,729
710
1,738
34,299
8,954
4,708
18,637
24,939
2,369
536
17,604
600
47,913
240

81
5,446
328
3,059
986
459
2,370
762
677
5,573
2,051
136
51
1,686
1,200
3,706
77

372
19,171
5,418
4,729
710
1, 738
34,299
8,954
4,708
18,637
24,939
2,369
536
17, 604
600
47,913
240

$114,078

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

Clay, cement, and stone products__________
Brick____________
Concrete blocks_________ __
Concrete posts..............................
Miscellaneous________________________
Clothing_________ . ________________
Aprons________ ______ ___ ____
Coats, dress______________________
Coats, work_______________ _______ ___
Gloves and m it t e n s _________________
Handkerchiefs_____________ _____
Hats and caps_________________
Overalls ________________________
Overcoats_____
_ ________________
Pajamas and nightgowns______________
Pants, dress______________________ . _
Pants, work_______________________ _
Rompers, boys’ ___________________ _
Shirts, dj*ess______________________
Shirts, work_________________ _____
Shoes repaired__ ______ ____________
Suits______________________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ - . .......... ......

(9
185

State account

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Each___
Construction: Buildings____ ____ _______
Construction: Major repairs to buildings.
Construction: Miscellaneous________ T..
Farm: Dairy
...........................................
Beef, dressed___________ ________ ____ Pounds.

See footnotes at end of table.




Pounds
Bushels

47

Bushels
Bushels
Head

18
3

Pounds _
Each
Eanh
Eanh
Each
Eanh
Eanh
Eanh
Eanh

18

5
Eanh
Eanh
16

Pounds.
Gallons.
Sq. yd
Sq. yd._

267
68
40

23, 520
59,788
30,770

5
(9
(9

86,772
48
673,681
0)

13,859
1,680
15,629
9,547

86,772
48
673,681
(9

28,264
543
2,799
866
0)

14,415
7 507
1,881
520
33,134

28,264
543
2,799
866
(9

14,415
7,507
1,881
520
33,134

1,256
232,915

12,560
15, 697

1,256
232,915

12,560
15,697

4,002
4,548

666
646

4,002
4,548

666
646

964
456

16,114
1,208

964
456

16,114
1,208

30
151
5,663
233
417
356
(0
772
0)

288
2,673
35,936
3,849
15,396
2,359
1,529
13,102
6,954

30
151
5,663
233
417
356
0)
772
(9

288
2,673
35,936
3,849
15,396
2,359
1,529
13,102
6,954

1,996
1,479
0)

14, 743
3,428
375

1,996
1,479
0)

14,743
3,428
375

23, 520
59,788
30,770

13,859
1,680
15,629
9,547

401

Eanh

Tons
Tons

5
0)
0)

0)
(9

4,979
7,468

(!)
(9

4,979
7,468

2,843
58,602

1,706
35,162

2,843
58,602

1,706
35,162

2,324,653
1,150

149, 615
518

2,324,653
1,150

149, 615
518

185,687
111, 134

60, 246
90,153

185, 687
111, 134

60, 246
90,153

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

________ ____
Milk, whole
Miscellaneous
_ __
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Corn, field _
_ _
Hay
__
__
Potatoes
Wheat
_ __
Miscellaneous
Farm: Hogs
__
__
Hogs _ .
Pork, dressed
Farm: Poultry and poultry products __ _
Eggs __ I
*
"
___
______
Poultry
_
.
Furniture: Metal
_________
Beds. _____
__ __________
Chairs
..
_________
Furniture: Wood.................................
Benches
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc
Chairs
Davnnpnrts, sofas, ntn
Desks
Fiber articles
Repairs
Tables
Miscellaneous
....... ...... ...........
Furniture: Other than metal or wood
Mattresses
Pillows
Miscellaneous....... ................... ......... ...
Metal products
Galvanized ware________ ___ _________
Tinware___ . ______________________
Quarrying and rock crushing
Lime and agricultural limestone
Stone, crushed
Soaps and other detergents .......... .
Soap
______________
Soap, liquid
Textiles
Cotton yard goods, light
Wool yard goods---- --------- -------------------

21
21
12
20

T able A .— Kind, quantity, ant? value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued

00
05

IL L IN O IS —C ontinued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

State account
Quantity

Value

Value

STATE PENITENTIARY—Continued
Textile products
______________________
Bags, cloth
________________ ______
Bags, tobacco _______________________
Flags, danger _______________________
Mop heads . ______ _________________
Mattress ticks_______________ ________
Pillowcases___ ______________________
Pillow ticks_______________ _________
Sheets ______ ______________________
Towels
____
Miscellaneous _______ _____________
Wood products: Lumber_________________
Other manufactured products______________
Canned fruits and vegetables___________
Disinfectants
__ _____________ _
Miscellaneous ______________________

Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen

90

(2)
25
Gallons.

2,093
90' 163
3'684
1,274
924
527
660
355
5,799
0)
0)

$7,293
5,797
4,922
6,115
966
1,645
151
3,403
6,958
75
76

2,093
90,163
3,684
1,274
924
527
660
355
5,799
0)
0)

$7, 293
5, 797
4,922
6,115
966
1,645
151
3,403
6,958
75
76

(i)
4,630
0)

10, 672
*5,788
6,207

0)
4,630
0)

10, 672
5,788
6,207

STATE PENITENTIARY, MENARD BRANCH
1,013

Brooms, brushes, and mops_______________
Brooms
_____ _ _______________ _
Brushes
_____ ______________ _____
Mops
_ ______ ______________
Clay, cement, and stone products___ ______
Concrete blocks___________ _________
Concrete pipe ____________________
Concrete posts _ ______ ____________
Clothing, other than knit__________ _____
Labor only__ _____________________ ___
Shoes repaired
_ _ ___________
Clothing, knit. ___________________ ________
Hosiery
____
Underwear
_______ _ _______ ___
Construction: Major repairs to buildings-----

2




50

Each
12
Pairs
Doz. pr._
Dozen...

139
25

$15,360

248,852

150
41
48

Dozen
D ozenEach
Each

282, 765
435
63
34

150
41
48

435
63
34

14,691
0)
5,802

1, 537
2,608
2,321

14, 691
(!)
5,802

1, 537
2,608
2, 321

(!)
24,066

3,981
6,017

(!)
24,066

3,981
6,017

23,103
9,139
0)

20, 944
32, 909
15, 360

23,103
9,139

20, 944
32, 909

»

0)

15, 360

$18, 553

Quantity

Value

1940

Total ___________________________________

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Clothing.. . . . ______________________ _
Aprons . ________ ____ _____________
Coats, dress ____________ ______
Coats, w o rk _____________________ ___
Handkerchiefs _ _____________________
Hats and c ap s_________________ _____
Overalls . _ _______________ _______
Overcoats . _. . _____________ _____
Pajamas and nightgowns_____ ______
Pants, work
______ _____ _____ __
Shirts, dress
_____ _____ _____ _ _ .
Shirts, work
_ ________ _____ _____
Shoes repaired ____ ______ . .
__
Suits
.
..
.
..
Underwear, men’s and boys’ __________

See footnotes at end of table.




Pounds.
Head ..
Pounds.
Bushels.
Tons.
Tons. _
Bushels .
Gallons.
Head_
_
Pounds.
Pounds.
Dozen..
Pounds.
Each
Each ._

Tons
Tons
Pounds.
Dozen...

16

35

2

481,489
(')

817
5,280
10, 521
4,452

5, 967
312
493
4, 697
1,572
0)

2, 566
1,488
3,393
3, 661
943
5, 927

5,967
312
493
4, 697
1,572
0)

2, 566
1,488
3,393
3, 661
943
5,927

1,738
75,436
600, 245

61

817
5, 280
10, 521
4, 452

19,118
6,090
37, 840

1.738
75, 436
600, 245

19,118
6,090
37,840

2,907
5, 531

455
713

2,907
5,531

455
713

3
8

40
69
533
377

3
8
0)
0)

40
69
533
377

12,052
(>)

3

1
605

0)
0)

(2
)
60

30,921
15,725
22,158
81

18, 553
15,725
1,987
442

15,725
22,158
81

15,725
1,987
442

0)
254,365

2

Pounds.

958
54,608

0)
254, 365

958
54,608

792
Dozen
Each
Dozen _
Dozen
Dozen.
Dozen
Each ..
Dozen _
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs _.
Each. ._
Dozen...

12,052

149

180, 798
19
723
14
577
193
498
425
17
149
143
359
1,354
643
316

60
1.446
445
69
186
2,985
3, 358
50
1.446
515
1,506
677
4,501
644

174, 798
19
723
14
577
193
498
425
17
149
143
359
1, 354
643
316

60
1.446
445
69
186
2,985
3, 358
50
1.446
515
1,506
677
4, 501
644

30,921

6,000

18, 553

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Dairy________ _ _________________
Beef, dressed_________________ - _ . _
Cattle_____ _________ _______ ____ _
Milk, w h o le ...__________ _________ . _
Miscellaneous______ __________ . . . .
Farm: Field crops and garden__________ . . .
Corn, field-T_____.'l___________________
Ensilage ____ , ___ ___________________
Hay..r___________________________ . . .
Potatoes__________________________ . . .
Sorghum.. _______________________ . . .
Miscellaneous..._______________ ______
Farm: Hogs_______________________ ______
H ogs.:.________________ ___________ .
Lard_____________ . . . ________ . . . . . .
Pork, dressed_____ _______ ____________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products___
Eggs____” ___ r ...
.. _____ . . .
Poultry, dressed _____
_________ _
Furniture:"Wood_________ ____________ .
Desks____________ . . .
____
Tables
.......... .
_ _ ____ ____
M iscella n eou s.................... .......
Metal products: Tinware. ________________
Quarrying and rock crushing _ .
_______
-Lime and agricultural limestone __
_.
Stone, crushed
_.
_____
Soap and other detergents: Soap_________ _
Textile products: Mopheads
. . . . __ _ _
Other manufactured products ............ .......
Canned fruits and vegetables.. _______
Tobacco, smoking and chewing_________
STATE PENITENTIARY, PONTIAC BRANCH
Total______________ _____ _ __________

00

T able A .— Kind, quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, fry State, system, and institution— Continued

00

IL L IN O IS —C ontinued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Quantity

Value

Value

STATE PENITENTIARY, PO TIAC BRANCH—CO
N
n.




Pounds.
Head_
_
Pounds.
Bushels.
Tons _.
Tons___
Bushels .
Tons___
Head .
Pounds.
Each
Each
Each
Each
Each
Each
Each...

209

64

3

Each
Each

166

Pieces ..
45
Dozen__

(9

7,740
61
698,725
(l)

822
2,440
22,708
23

7,740
61
698,725
(9

$822
2,440
22,708
23

4,782
200
3
1,426
32
<9

2,197
1,000
21
475
272
10,503

4,782
200
3
1,426
32
(9

2,197
1,000
21
475
272
10,503

955
167,622

9, 550
11,851

955
167,622

9,550
11,851

1
295
150
733
215
303
344

1
295
150
733
215
303
344

(9

10
7,394
3,123
1,592
3,900
2,020
4,040
83

(9

10
7,394
3,123
1,592
3,900
2,020
4,040
83

182

90

$6,000

(9

7,508

9,583

7,508

9,583

6,058
(>)
1,148
<9

770
10,409
1,696
19,421

6,058
(9
1,148
0)

770
10,409
1,696
19,421

i

6

i

6

$6,000

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

Construction: Major repairs to buildings___
Farm: Dairy_____________________________
Beef, dressed______________ ______ ____
Cattle_______________________ ______
Milk, whole___ .. __________________
Miscellaneous________ ____ ____ _____ _
Farm: Field crops and garden________ _____
Corn,field.. . . . ___________________ _
Ensilage________________________ _____
Hay_____ ____ _____________________ .
Oats_________________________________
Straw________________________________
Miscellaneous________________ ________
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Hogs____ ______________ ______ _____
Pork, dressed___________ _____ ___ ____
Furniture: Metal_______________________ _
Benches_______ ______ ___ __________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc__________ _
Cabinets________ . . . ._ _______ . . . _
Chairs_____________________ ________
D esks_________________________ ___
Filing cases_____________________ _ _
Tables____ ____ ____ ___ ______________
Miscellaneous____ _____________ _____
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Signs
_____*_____________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous_____ ______
Castings
_________ _____ ___ _
Do_______________________________
Galvanized ware__________________ ___
Sheet-metal work_____________________
Textile products__ _____ __________________
Bags, cloth.................................................

State account

PRISON LABOR IN TH E UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

408102

Pillowcases. .
____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Sheets
___________ _________
Tablecloths.
_ _ _ _ ___...............
Each
Towels
_ _ _
_ _______________
Miscellaneous
__________ ____
Snow fence____

._ ~ ___ _

0

141
1,252
85
993
71

0

141
1,252
85
993
71

0
0)

9, 791
18, 668

0
0

9, 791
18,668

226
244
99
870
64

_______ _

226
244
99
870

STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN
26,056

111

Total

STATE FARM
_

___________

Clothing
Labor only

_ _______ _____ ___
_ ___________________
Shoes repaired
Pairs
Construction: Buildings____________ . . . . . . . Each___

See footnotes at end of table.




50

27

2
3

18
673
17
1
3
3,582
7
0

56
441
6
4
20
19,194
16
678

18
673
17
1
3
3,582
7
0

56
441
6
4
20
19,194
16
678

1,000
3
605
0

420
15
145
1,789

1,000
3
605
0

420
15
145
1,789

6,481

427

6,481

427

3,964
4,012

638
521

3,964
4,012

638
521

1
67
18
21
25
11

5
528
30
111
14
7
678
313

1
67
18
21
25
11

5
528
30
111
14
7
678
313

28

1

0
0

0
0

122, 092

336
2
_
20

26,056

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clothing _____ __ _ _______ _________
A prons___ ^ _______________________ Dozen
Dresses
_ ______
Handkerchiefs
_______
Overalls __
....................
Pajamas and nightgowns
_____
Dozen
Shirts, work
^ ~
Underwear, women’s and children's.__ _ Dozen
Miscellaneous
_ _ _____
Farm: Field crops and garden ______ ___
____ __________
Com, field
Bushels _
__________ __________
Hay______
Tons
Oats
Bushels.
Miscellan eon s
Farm: Hogs
_ __ _
Pork, dressed
_ __
Pounds _
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_____
Eggs
._ _____
Dozen __
Poultry, dressed
Pounds.
Textile products
Bags, cloth
Dozen
Each
Flags
____
Dozen
Pillowcases
Dozen
Sheets
___________
Each
Tablecloths
_ _ _ ________
Towels
_ _____ ___
Dozen _
Miscellaneous
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

0
__
2,280 _
3

2,973
684 ,
7 ,170 1

114,922
0
2,280

7,170

2,973
684
7,170
00
CO

CD
O

T a b l e A .— K ind, quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued
IL L IN O IS —C ontinued
AverUnit

State use
Quantity

Value

STATE farm—continued




Pounds.
Head...
Pounds.
Head
Pounds.
Bushels .
Tons
Tons
Tons.. _
Bushels BushelsTons-Bushels.
Head
Pounds.
Pounds -

10

17

267

6

10
35

63,118
99
(9

$10,242
4,455
750

63,118
99
(9

$10,242
4,455
750

4,373
78
475,729
(9

620
4,290
15,110
1,050

4,373
78
475, 729
(9

620
4,290
15,110
1, 050

14, 248
550
200
467
7,874
2,493
209
1.140
cJ

6,046
2, 585
800
2, 922
1,890
2,072
1,045
661
23,403

14, 248
550
200
467
7, 874
2,493
209
1,140
(9

6,046
2,585
800
2,922
1,890
2,072
1,045
661
23,403

583
19, 523
74, 458

6, 996
1,367
5,070
910
18,981

583
19, 523
74,458

6,996
1.367
5,070
910
18,981

(9
(9

(9
(9

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

Farm: Cattle___ _______ ____ _____________
Beef, dressed________________________
Cattle______________ ____ _______ _____
Miscellaneous_______ _ _________ _
Farm: Dairy_______ __________ _______ _
Beef, dressed________ _________________
Cattle_______________________________
Milk, whole__________ __ _ _ ________
Miscellaneous____ . _______________
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Corn, field____ _ _____________ _____
Ensilage______________________ _____
Fodder_______ ______ ________ _______
Hay_________________________________
Oats_________ _____ _
___________ .
Potatoes____ _______ ________________ _
Straw__________________________ _____
Wheat_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs_____ ________________ ____
H ogs_______ __ _____________________
Lard_________________________________
Pork, dressed
_________ ___ ___ _____
Farm: Miscellaneous______________ ______
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

Public faorks and
ways

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

IN D IA N A

Total.

ALL INSTITUTIONS
$1, 642, 653

$1, 328, 656

$173,097

$140,900

Dozen.
Dozen.
Each._

1,891
652
4,849

13,082
6,071
1,857

1,809
646
4,849

12, 759
6,037
1,857

82
6

323
34

M___.
Each.
Each.

3,923
60,867
8,121
0)
253
37,446
0)

41, 583
2,576
6,360
14, 723
380
2,108
66

983
60,867
8,121
0)
253
36,246
0)

11,692
2,576
6,360
14, 575
380
2,075
42

2,940

29,891

350
4
1,623
635
3,145
4,287
1,010
0)
1,533
1,295
293
3, 448
1,267
409
1,549
16,253
3,580
2,896
738
12
0)
8
0)

1,467
24
5,234
8,913
2,766
5,195
3,113
1,497
12,445
5, 758
1,509
8,193
16,074
2,460
12,849
39,115
1,611
14,816
3,380
117
692
104, 600
36, 300

350
4
1,620
634
3,145
4,287
1,010
0)
1,531
1,295
293
3,448
1,256
409
1,548
16, 253
3,580
2,896
737
12
0)

1,467
24
5,223
8,900
2,766
5,195
3,113
12
12,435
5,758
1,509
8,193
15,826
2,460
12,843
39,115
1,611
14,816
3,375
117
523

23,478
21, 658
162
2,139,697
0)

2,690
7,577
6,806
36,438
10, 613

23, 478
21, 658
102
2,139, 697
0)

Each.
Each.
DozenDozen—
Each—
D ozen E ach-..
Doz. pr.
DozenDozen.
EachDozen.
EachDozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Pairs-.
Pairs. _
Each..
Dozen.
Each__
Each___
Pounds.
Pounds Head_
_
Pounds..

1,200
0)

33
24

3
1

11
13

2

1,485
10

11

248

1

6

(,)

1
8
0)

2. 690
7, 577
5,171
36, 438
10, 613

148

0)

104, 600
36, 300

5

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Brooms, brushes, and m ops....................
Brooms__________________________
Brushes^ ______________ ____ ____
Mops_______ ____________________
Clay, cement, and stone products______
Brick___________ ____ _______ _____
Building tile_________________ ____
Concrete blocks___________________
Concrete pipe_____________________
Concrete posts____________________
Drain tile________________________
Miscellaneous_____________________
Clothing_____________________________
Aprons___________________________
Children’s playsuits_______________
Coats, dress_______________________
Coats, work_______________________
Dresses___________________________
Gloves and mittens________________
Hats and caps_____________________
Labor only_______________________
Overalls__________________________
Overcoats________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns___________
Pants, dress_______________________
Pants, work______________________
Shirts, dress______________________
Shirts, work______________________
Shoes, new________________________
Shoes repaired_____________________
Suits___________________ ____ _____
Underwear, men’s and boys’ _______
Uniforms_________________________
Miscellaneous_____________________
Construction: Buildings_______________
Construction: Major repairs to buildings.
Farm: Dairy--------------- ------ -------------- Beef, dressed______________________
Butter------ ----------------------------------Cattle____________________________
Milk, whole______________________
Miscellaneous_________________

169

0)

60

1, 635

See footnotes at end of table.




CO

T able

A.— K in d ,

C
O

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons , 1940, by State, system , and institution— Continued

to

IN D IA N A —C ontinued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

Quantity

Value

ALL institutions—continued




$8. 261
2,625
6,000
15,112
1,320
12,178
1,125
7, 343
49,568

15,460
750
12,000
2,139
0)
18,621
225
9,17S
0)

$8,261
2,625
6.000
15,112
1, 320
12,178
1,125
7, 343
49,483

2, 494
68, 587

33,010
3, 572

1, 728
68, 587

21, 433
3,572

766

11,577

26,784
16, 766
649

4, 618
3,472
416

26, 784
16,162
649

4, 618
3,415
416

604

57

136

1, 274
41

90

833

46

441
41

25
10
14
461
38
10

222
20
190
985
176
229

64

396
13,102

15,460
750
12,000
2,139
0)
18, 621
225
9,178
(')

0)
_0)

340

41
162
107
6,114
149
85
0)
498
0)

__

3,315
195
391
567
1,537
11,982
830
1,487
476
4,491
31,159

$85

0)

0)
340
(0
16
152
93
5,653
111
75
0)
434
(*)

3, 315
195
169
547
1,347
10,997
654
1,258
476
4,095
■■■ r
18,057 ■ ■ ■ - - n, -

<
l>

*

1940

Farm: Field crops and garden
308
Corn, field
Bushels.
Ensilage___ _
_
Tons
Fodder...............................
H a y _ ______ _
_
_ _ Tons
Labor o n l y ,._____
_ __
_^ _
Potatoes______ .
_ _ . _ Bushels .
Straw________ ___
_
____ _ Tons
W h e a t ..____
Bushels.
Miscellaneous________ ___ ____________
Farm: Hogs
24
Hogs.. _
.
_
Head
Pork, dressed
_ __
Pounds.
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
12
_ __________ Dozen
E g g s ..___
Poultry, dressed-.
__ _____ ___ _
Pounds.
Poultry, live
Head_
_
..
Farm: Miscellaneous
LivestockHead
Miscellaneous
Furniture: Metal
4
Beds
_
_
_ _
__
Each
Miscellaneous
_
Furniture: Wood
230
B e d s _____
__ ___ __ --.
Each
____________
Each. .. —
Benches.
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc ____________
Each _
Chairs__
_
______________
Each
Each __
Davenports, sofas, etc_______________
Desks._____ . _____________________
Each ...
Repairs.
.. „ __ _
Tables____________ ____ _____ _________ Each___
_____
Miscellaneous....... ................................ ....

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Each..
Each..

23

2,042
1.962

Barrels.

2
154
Each...
Each....
Each..
Each..
Pieces.
Pieces..
Pieces..
Pieces..
Pieces..
Gallons..
Each..
Each..
Each..
Tons..
Tons..
Tons..
Pounds.
Gallons.
Sq. yd.
Each...
Yards..
Sq. yd.
Yards..
S q.yd.

116

29
115

37
"i58

3, 374

20.245

(0

10,490
1,949
9
359

15, 524
0)
0)
0)

84,309
504
8
640

12,150
0)
0)

64,124
504
8

2,680,116
3,291
0)
59, 644
7441, 945
0)

159, 229
4,905
18
121, 726
8, 571
1, 379

!, 680,116
3,291
0)
59, 644
441,945
0

159, 229
4,905
18
121, 726
8,208
758

14,178
0
5,299
2, 095
4,910
0
0
53,004

13, 221
3, 274
4,183
1, 535
2,119
3,013
271
87,846

13,966
0
5,285
350
4, 910
0
0
52,906

12, 744
3,089
4,159
277
2,119
3,013
271
87,674

5,936
2,405,172
0

3,864
14, 516
10
2.522

5,936
2,405,172
10,200
0

3,864
14, 516
10
2,409

0

45,956
63
44,183

47,166
106
52,057

5,945
46
26, 744

749,128
5,000

64, 236
2,129

18,020
1,244
486
47,470
3,916
24,981

23,752
3,737
235
6,208
439
16,370

1 ,2 0
00

185

1, 536
14

1,873
1,952
0
0)

(■
5

14

169
10

12,026
1,963
9
540

181

0)

0

640

0)
0

363
621

14
2, 345

477
185
24
1, 258

98

172

5,755
74
32, 792

40,011
17
17, 439

41,411
32
19,265

748.514
5,000

64,193
2,129

614

43

18,020
1,244
486
47,470
3,916
24,981

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Pillows_________________________ _____
Repairs______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Grain-mill products_______________________
Flour____________________ ______ _____
Labor only____________ _______________
Miscellaneous________________________
Laundry, commercial_____________________
Metal Products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags_____________ _____ —
Highway markers_____________________
Repairs------------------------------------- ------Signs________________________________
Tags, miscellaneous___________________
Miscellaneous___________________ _____
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Castings-------------------------------------------Do_______________________________
Galvanized ware______________________
Iron hollow ware____________ ____ _____
Tinware_______________________ ______
Do_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Paint____________________________________
Printing and binding_____________________
Bookbinding and blank books__________
Envelopes____________________________
Letterheads__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Quarrying and rock crushing______________
Lime and agricultural limestone________
Stone, building_______________________
Stone, crushed______________ ______ ___
Soap and other detergents.________________
Soap_________________________________
Soap, liquid._________________________
Textiles______________ __________________
Blanketing, wool______________________
Blankets________________ ____ ________
Cotton yard goods, heavy______________
Cotton yard goods, light_______________
Do______________________ _____ _
Wool yard goods_________________ ____

23,752
3,737
235
6,208
439
16,370

212
(0

113

See foo tn o te s a t end o f table.




C
O
CO

SO

T a b l e A.— K in d, quantity, a/ic? value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued
IN D IA N A —C ontinued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

all institutions—continued

Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each
Each
Each
B d.ft
Pounds.
Pounds.
Cases




101

130

Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.

STATE REFORMATORY
Total______ ____________________________
Brooms, brushes, and mops__________ _ . . .
Brooms______________________________
Brushes______________________________
M ops.. ............ ................ ......... ..............

155

503
40,668
818
437
647
144
1,980
C)
1

$1,264
84,114
4,178
1,160
4,605
107
2,940
5,347

503
40,665
818
437
647
144
1,980
(9

$1,264
s 4,106
4,178
1,160
4,605
107
2,940
3,604

i6,430
1,200
140,000
101,159
52,000

17,732
300
700
1,338
3,640

176
1,200
140,000
101,159
52,000

306
300
700
1.338
3, 640

90,099
26, 573
(9
0)
(9
158,982
507,188
110, 700
(9

11,954
38,137
15,999
7.822
1,654
11,539
69,557
41, 604
843

90,099
26, 573
(9
(9
(9
158,982
464,988
110, 700
(9

11,954
38,137
15,999
7,822
1,654
11, 539
63,800
41,604
816

467,918

801
Dozen
Dozen
Each___

36

1,858
652
4,849

12,981
6,071
1,857

420,369
1, 776
646
4,849

12, 658
6,037
1,857

3

$8

10, 254

17,426

42, 200

5,757

1,743

(9

27

(9

45,149

$2,400
82
6

323
34

Value

1940

Textile products ________________________
Bags, cloth_______ __________________
Flags. _____________________________
Mopheads___ _______________________
Pillowcases. _____________ _________
Sheets. ____________________________
Spreads... _____ ________ ___________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous_________ _ ___________
___________________ _
Wood products.
Baskets, willow_____ _________ ____ _
Boxes... .. . . . ____________________ .
Hickory p oles________ ______ ________
. _______ _ __ ________
Lumber___
W illow ______________________________
Other manufactured products________ _____
Beef, dressed. . .. .
_ ________
Canned fruits and vegetables _________
Do_______________________________
Deodorants and disinfectants__________
Labor only _____ _ _________________
Lard_____________________________
Pork, dressed_______________ _ ______
Tobacco, smoking and chewing_________
Miscellaneous.. ______________________

Quantity

PRISON* LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Clay, cement, and stone products.________
Miscellaneous
Clothing
__
Coats, dress ..

Hats and caps

____________________
___________________ _
__ __________________
_____________________
_____ _

__

See footnotes at end o f table.




Dozen
Each ...
Dozen _
Each
Doz. pr.
Dozen
Each

Each
Dozen
Each___

4
22

Pounds.
Head
Pounds..
52
Bushels.
Tons
Bushels .
Bushels.
5

Head
Pounds

1

Head

2, 522
0)

225
31

195
879
317
90
Coats, work .
6,620
378
654
798
3,957
3,593
352
1,449
7,832
1,153
2,060
437
10,936
708
1,149
179
7,377
1,163
1,611
3,580
2,185
10, 593
1,411
425
134
0)
2,400

879
306
6,607
654
3,957
1,449
7,822
2,060
10, 688
1,149
7,371
1,611
10, 593
1,406
53

13,734
97
924,275
0)

1,035
3,695
14,330
2,534

13,734
50
924,275
0)

1,035
2,615
14, 330
2, 534

8,700
439
0)
5,933
6,327

149

2,522
0)

4.611
3.612
1,320
3,004
5,062
14,407

8,700
439
0)
5,933
6,327
0)

4,611
3, 612
1,320
3,004
5,062
14, 322

427
67,265

6.139
3,453

181
67, 265

1,810
3,453

136

1,274
41

90

833

195
93
379
798
3.593
352
1,155
437
719
179
1,164
3,580
2,185
426
(0
1

0)

0)
(2
)
Each
Each
Each
Each
Each
Each

71
_
__
._
__
_.

Each___

195

0)
33
141
90
3,248
3
80

0)

0)

225
31

341

340
508
1, 349
6, 296
32
1,443
15
3, 558
4,275

3
1

2

10

11

248

1

6
5
81

1
1

2,400

0)

47

1,080

246

4,329

46

441
41

17
1
10
51

171
3
132
88

85

(9

(0
195

0)
16
140
80
3,197
3
70

(9
0)

11
13

APPEN DIX A ---- GENERAL TABLES

Pants, work
__
. _
Shirts, dress
_ _ __
___
Shirts, work _
_ _____
Shoes repaired
_
___
Suits
_.
______
Underwear, men’s and boys’ . ______. . .
Miscellaneous. . . . __________________
Construction: Buildings________________
Farm: Dairy
. __ ________________
Beef, dressed . _ __________________
Cattle .. . _____ ____ ___ ____ __
Milk, whole... __ _____________ ____
Miscellaneous.. . . . _______________
Farm: Field crops and garden____ ______
Corn, field
Hay _
_________________________
Labor only .. ________
Potatoes___ _ ___________________
Wheat ___________________________
Miscellaneous______________________
Farm: Hoes. ___________ __________
Hogs . . . .
___________ ____ ____
Pork, dressed___ ________ _ ____. . .
Farm: Miscellaneous____________ ____
Livestock__
__ _______ _
Miscellaneous_______________ _______
Furniture: Metal. ____________
Miscellaneous ____________
Furniture: Wood. ___________ ______ _
Beds..
.
..... ........... ...
.
Benches
_________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc ______ ____
Chairs _ __ . ________________
Davenports, sofas, e t c ___________ _
Desks . . . . ....... ........................
Repairs
Tables .
.
_______ ______
Miscellaneous_______ _______________

3

Each ..

312

169
505
1,217
6,208
32
1,214
15
3, 338
2,224

10
29

(9

229
220
2, 051
CO
Ox

C
D

T able A.— Kind, quantity, and value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940, fey State, system, and institution— Continued

oa

INDIANA—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

Piece price

State account
Quantity

Quantity

Value

state reformatory—continued

Furniture: Other than metal or wood
Mattresses_
___ ______ __________
___ ___ ________
Pillows_____
Miscellaneous. _____ _____ __ . . .
Grain-mill products_______________ __
Flour __
Metal products: Miscellaneous _
Castings __
Castings, miscellaneous............
Galvanized ware_______ _
Iron hollow ware_______________ ____
Tinware
Tinware, miscellaneous___
Miscellaneous
Paint __ _ __
_____ _ _
Printing and binding
Envelopes
Letterheads
Miscellaneous ____ _ ___________
Quarrying and rock crushing
Lime and agricultural limestone. __
Stone, building __________ __
Stone, crushed.. ______ ____ ___ __
Textiles
Blanketing, wool _
Cotton yard goods, light__ __
Wool yard goods _
________
_____
Textile products ___
Bags, cloth.__
_
________ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ ___
Flags ___
Mopheads___
_ _ _____ ____
.
__________
Pillowcases___
Sheets _
_
__ ______ __
Towels
Miscellaneous________________________




Each
Each.
Barrels
Pieces

18

7
113

Pieces _
Pieces __
Pieces
Gallons _
Each
Each
Tons
Tons
Tons
Sq. yd
Sq. yd
Sq. yd
Dozen.
Each..
Dozen
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen

29
75

60

109

30

1,880
885
0)

$11,538
1,470
540

1,711
875
0)

$10,002
1,456
359

9,583

51,039

9,583

13,221
3,274
3,946
1,535
2,119
285
271
87,846

13,966
0)
5,224
350
4.910
j ;
52,906

12, 744
3,089
3,922
277
2,119
285
271
87,674

2,402,172
10,200
0)

14, 505
10
2,222

2,402,172
10,200
0)

14, 505
10
2,207

27,422
63
13,648

27,420
106
13,392

ii
46
9,476

9
74
9,188

18,020
47,470
24,981

23, 752
6,208
16,370

18,020
47,470
24, 981

1,186
83, 261
4,178
118
449
20
1.559

494
40, 522
818
48
63
11

1,186
8 3,253
4,178
118
449
20
1.528

212
14
2, 345

477
185
24
1,258

98

172

27,411
17
4,172

27, 411
32
4,204

3

8

23, 752
6,208
16, 370

494
40, 525
818
48
63
11
0)

$1,536
14
181

51,039

14,178
(9
5,238
2,695
4,910
0)
0)
53,004

169
10

0)

0)

0)

15

0)

0)

31

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Wood products: Lumber__________________ Bd. ft ...
Other manufactured products_______________________
Canned fruits and vegetables___________ Cases.. .
Labor only (canning)___ ________________________
Miscellaneous___________ __________ ____________

75,000

750

75,000

750

9,979
0)
0)

10, 556
1,611
89

9,979
0)
0)

10, 556
1, 611
89

STATE PRISON
Total________________________________

See footnotes at end o f table.




737,990
Each.

5,599
0)
0)

6,135
175
35

5, 599
0)
0)

6,135
175
11

Dozen.
Each...
Dozen
Doz. pr
Dozen
Dozen
Each..
Dozen
Each..
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs..
Each..
DozenEach..

139
1, 530
115
62
628
10
858
90
3,448
534
207
65
16,253
711
32
12
(0
6
(0

530
4,917
1,019
944
1,653
199
3, 698
704
8,193
4,970
1,123
3,172
39,115
4, 223
1,297
117
299
73, 700
36, 300

139
1, 530
115
62
628
10
858
90
3,448
534
207
65
16,253
711
32
12
0)

530
4,917
1,019
944
1, 653
199
3,698
704
8,193
4, 970
1,123
3,172
39,115
4, 223
1,297
117
211

Pounds.
Head_
_
Pounds.

9, 744
41
484,183
0)

1,655
1,585
13,865
402

9,744
28
484,183
0)

1,655
1,030
13,865
402

Bushels.
Tons___
Bushels.
Bushels.

6, 760
300
6, 546
2,851
0)

3, 650
4,500
3, 987
2, 281
20, 652

6, 760
300
6, 546
2,851
0)

3, 650
4,500
3,987
2, 281
20, 652

_
Head_
Pounds.

817
1,322

8, 761
119

297
1,322

1, 513
119

D ozenPounds .
Head_
_

2,849
8,439
649

599
1,488
416

2,849
8,439
649

12, 501

$110,000

615,489

599
1,488
416

Each___

0)

6
0)

73, 700
36, 300

24

0)

88

13

555

520

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clay, cement, and stone products______
Concrete blocks___________________
Concrete pipe_____________________
Miscellaneous_____________________
Clothing_____________________________
Aprons___________________________
Coats, dress______________________
Coats, work______________________
Gloves and mittens_______________
Hats and caps____________________
Overalls___ ______________________
Overcoats________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns___________
Pants, dress______________________
Pants, work______________________
Shirts, dress______________________
Shirts, w ork...____________________
Shoes, new_______________________
Suits_____________________________
Underwear, men's and boys'_______
Uniforms_________________________
Miscellaneous... _________________
Construction: B uildings...____________
Construction: Major repairs to buildings.
Farm: Dairy_________________________
Beef, dressed______________________
Cattle____________________________
Milk, whole______________________
Miscellaneous_____________________
Farm: Field crops and garden__________
Corn, field___ ____________________
Hay______________________________
Potatoes__________________________
Wheat____________________________
Miscellaneous_____________________
Farm: Hogs__________________________
Hogs_____________________________
Pork, dressed_____________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products___
E gg s...__________________________
Poultry, dressed___________________
Poultry, live_________________ ____

i

7,248

co

CO

T a ble A .— K ind, quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued

00

INDIANA—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Total
Quantity

Public works and
ways

State use
Value

Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

Piece price

State account
Quantity

Value

state prison—continued

Furniture: M e ta l...._____________________
Beds________________________________
Furniture: Wood________________________
Benches_____________________________
Chairs_______________________________
Davenports, sofas, etc-------------------------Desks_______________________________
Repairs___ __________________________
Tables ---------------------------------------------Miscellaneous____ ____________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Pillows______________________________
Repairs______________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs__________________________________
Auto license tags--------------------------------Highway markers___________ ____ _____
Repairs________________ ____ ____ ____
Signs..______________________________
Tags, miscellaneous___________________
Miscellaneous------------------------------------Metal products: Miscellaneous------------ -----Galvanized ware--------------------------------Tinware_____________________________
Printing and binding-------------------------------Bookbinding and blank books__________
Envelopes____________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Soap and other detergents------------------------Soap________________________________
Soap, liquid— -------- --------------------------Textiles_________________________________
Blankets_____________________________
Cotton yard goods, heavy______________
Cotton yard goods, light.______________




Each..

340

$3,315

340

$3,315

Each..
Each..
Each..
Each..

2
1,172
4
5
0)
19
(0

15
2,003
54
44
297
259
12,623

2
1,172
4
5
<0
19
(0

15
2,006
54
44
297
259
10,901

162
1,077
0

488
493
9

162
1,077
0

488
493
9

2,680,116
3,291
0)
59,644
7441,945
0)

159,229
4,905
18
121, 726
8,571
1,379

2,680,116
3,291
0
59, 644
441,945
0

159,229
4,905
18
121,726
8,208
758

61

237
2,728

61

0)

0

237
2,728

5,936
3,000
0)

3,864
11
300

5,936
3,000
0

3,864
11
202

749,128
5,000

64,236
2,129

748,514
5,000

64,193
2,129

1,244
486
3,916

3,737
235
439

1,244
486
3,916

3,737
235
439

EachEach..
Each..

Each..
Each..

154

Each..
Each_.
PiecesEach..
Each_.
Pounds.
Gallons.
Each...
Yards..
Yards. .

40

37
49

0)

$1,722

0)
0

363
621

98

0
614

43

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
pris­
oners
em-

Textile products .
- ______________
Dnzfvn
Bags, cloth
___ ___ _
_ . ____
_______ - ___ _
_ _ - Each...
Flags
Pillowcases .. __ _____ _ _ _ ____ _ Each.. _
Each
Each
Spreads
Other manufactured products
Labor only (canning)
Miscellaneous.

84

Pounds.
____

Total___________________ ______ _________
Clothing
_ _______ . . . .
Aprons
____
______
..
Children’s play suits. . _____________ _
Coats, work___ _ ________________ _ .
Dresses ... _____ ___________ __ _ .
Hats and caps__________ _________ _ _
____ _____ . . . . .
Labor only __ _.
Pajamas and nightgowns______________
Repairs___. . .
______________ .. ..
Miscellaneous._ _ _______ _____________
Farm: Field crops and garden___________ .
Miscellaneous-.. . ___________________
Laundry, commercial ____ _ ________
Textile products: Miscellaneous__________ .
STATE FARM
Total__________ _______ ________________
Brooms, brushes, and mops: Brooms______
Clay, cement, and stone products________ _
Brick________ __ ______ _____ _______
_____ _______
Building tile___ ____
Concrete pipe__________ _ ___________
Concrete posts________________________
Drain tile_____. . . ___________________
Clothing_________________________________
Coats, work____ ____________________
Gloves and mittens.. _____ . . . _____
Hats and caps________ ______________ _
Overalls _ _ .1. ___________
_____
Pajamas and nightgowns______ ______
Pants, work_______ ._ _ ______ ______
Shirts, dress________________ _____ _ . . .
Shirts, work.
_________________ _____
Underwear, men’s and boys’ . ...................
See footnotes at end o f table.

9
143
286
338
144
1,914
(9

78
853
549
2,681
107
2,822
3, 594

9
143
286
338
144
1,914
(9

78
853
549
2,681
107
2,822
1,882

16,594
(9
(9
HO. 700
(9

27, 581
7,822
43
41,604
431

16, 594
(9
(9
110, 700
(9

27, 581
7,822
43
41,604
404

Dozen...
Dozen...
Each_
_
Each_
_
Dozen
Dozen...
8
2
(9

Dozen...
M _____
Each_
_

760
1
209

Each___
Each___
Dozen...
Doz.pr..
Dozen.._
Dozen...
Dozen...
Dozen...
Dozen...
Dozen...
Dozen__

5

16
4
3
2,347
7
(i)
26
0)
0)
0)
(1)
(9

58
24
3
2,112
8
1,485
167
12
259
632
640
180

(9

16
4
3
2,347
7

58
24
3
2,112
8

26
(9
(9

167
12
259

(9

632

(9

180

33

431,165
101

33

3,923
60,867
(0
253
37,446

41, 583
2, 576
14,548
380
2,108

983
60,867
(9
253
36,246

141
272
23
368
177
14
23
320
280

1,271
294
3
4,414
638
168
188
2,300
672

141
272
23
368
177
14
23
320
280

289,343
101
1L 692
2.576 _______
14,400
380
2,075
1,271
294
3
4,414
638
168
188
2,300
672

1,712

27
2,125

3,455

5, 580

21
11

(9

(9

1,485

(9

640

$28, 500

113,322
2,940
(9
1,200

29,891
148

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

women ’ s prison




124

33

C
O
C
O

100

T a b l e A .— Kind, quantity, and value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued

INDIANA—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

Quantity

STATE farm—continued
Each___
Construction: Buildings.. __
____ ____
Farm: Dairy_____
_______ __________
Butter . . . __ ______ ____ ______ . .. Pounds.
_
Cattle_ _ ________________________ Head.
Pounds.
Milk, whole________________________
M iscellaneou s_____________________
Farm: Field crops and garden___________
Ensilage___ . . . .. ___________ . . .
Tons
Fodder (corn)__________ _ __________
Tons
Hay
_
__
_ __ . . .
Tons
Potatoes. __
__________ _
_ _
Bushels
Straw _
_ . . . _________ ____
Tons
Miscellaneous.
________ ________
Farm: Hogs
Head....
Farm: Poultry and poultry products______
Dozen
Eggs
Poultry, dressed .
Furniture: Wood
_ _ ______ ___
_ _
___ Each
Beds
.
_ _ _ ____
Each _
Benches
_
. . . _______
Each .
Bureaus, chiffoniers, e t c _____________
Each .
Chairs
.
_________ ____
Davenports, sofas, etc ____ ____ ______ Each .
Repairs
____ __________ ___
Each __
Tables
______________ ___
Miscellaneous
__________________
Grain-mill products . . ______ ____ ___
Flour
_________ . . .
Barrels
_____________
Labor only
Miscellaneous
_ __■______ ___
Quarrying and rock crushing________ ___
Lime and agricultural limestone
Tons
Stone, crushed
_ ________ _______ _
Tons . .
Textile products.
___________________
Pillowcases.................................. . ......... Dozen...




20
25

120

17
10
.
90

7

125
1

2

$28,500 ’

2

21,658
24
731,239
(0

7,577
1,526
8,243
7,677

21,658
24
731,239
0)

750
12,000
1,400
6,142
225
(0
1,250

2,625
6,000
7,000
5,187
1,125
13,877
18,110

750
12,000
1,400
6,142
225
0)
1, 250

2, 625
6,000
7,000
5,187
1,125
13, 877
18,110

4,019
Pounds.
1,984

23,935
7, 723

$28, 500

$7, 577
1, 526
8, 243
7,677

4,019
1,927

23,935
. . . 8,327 _
.

$57
8
9
4
410
38

51
17
58
897
170

35

176
9,329

13,085
504
8

3, 374

20, 245

5, 934
17, 268

5, 746
23, 604

12, 600
13,267

14,000
15,061

103

493

8
19
17
1,694
142
0)
138
(0

51
44
188
3,680
744
164
674
14,261

10
13
1,284
104
0)
103
0)

27
130
2,783
568
164
498
4,932

5,941
(0
0)

33,330
504
8

2, 567
0)
0)

i8, 534
30, 535

19, 746
38,665

103

493

0)

604

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

246
55

Dozen.
Dozen.
Each_
_
Each_
_
Each___
Bd.ft.__
Pounds.
Pounds.

97

33

Pounds.
Pounds.

0)

1,475
98
14

246
55

1,475
98
14

(0

10,430
1,200
140,000
26,159
52,000

17,732
300
700
588
3,640

176
1,200
140,000
26,159
52,000

90,099
(0
158,982
507,188
(0

11,954
15,999
11,539
69, 557
323

90,099
(0
158,982
464,988
(0

10, 254

11,954
15,999
11,539
63,800
323

17,426

42, 200

306
300
700
588
3,640

5, 757

IOWA
ALL INSTITUTIONS
...
Total____________

_______ _

1,173

Brooms, brushes, and mops
Brooms..
Brushes
Clothing, other than k n it.................. .............
Aprons
_ _
Belts, leather.
_ _
Coats, dress _
_ .
Coats, work
Dresses
_ .
Gloves an d mittens_____________ ____ _
Handkerchiefs _____ . . . . . . _____
Hats and caps______ . . . __ ________
Labor o n ly ______ ______ _____ _ . . .
Overalls.
_____ ______ ________ _
Overcoats.___
. __ _ __________ _
Pajamas and nightgowns_______ _ . . .
Pants, dress___ ____________ _ . . . . .
Pants, work_ ____________ _____
_
Shirts, work. ___________ _ _____
Shoes, new . _________________________
Shoes repaired _ . . . ____
______ _.
S uits._________ . . . _ . ______ ._
Underwear, men’s and boys’ .
. _ ...
Underwear, women’s and children’s ..
Uniforms. ____________ _ ______
Miscellaneous__________________ ______

8

See footnotes at end o f table.




Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each
Doz. pr.
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each .
Dozen _
Each___
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs ...
Pairs___
Each ...
Dozen
Dozen
Each...

183

$855,355
903
543
91
66
464
324
293
1,721
1,241
556
0)
1,130
439
34
517
264
1,100
16,505 '
17,344
1,457
289
34
15
0)

$637,191

3,078
2,633

899
543

3*073
2,633

422
237
2, 257
7,006
327
3,930
549
1,285
363
16, M l
3,447
240
1,900
4,426
10, 277
46,199
9,243
14,448
1,574
100
210
155

91
66
464
324
293
1, 721
1,241
556
0)
1,130
439
34
517
264
1,100
16, 505
17,344
1,457
289
34
15
0)

422
237
2,257
7,006
327
3,930
549
1, 285
363
16,347
3,447
240
1,900
4,426
10,277
46,199
9,243
14,448
1, 574
100
210
155

$158,497

$59, 667
4

5

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Sheets____________________
Towels____________________
Miscellaneous______________
Wood products________________
Baskets, willow____________
Boxes_____________________
Hickory poles______________
Lumber___________________
Willow____________________
Other manufactured products___
Beef, dressed______________
Canned fruits and vegetables.
Lard______________________
Pork, dressed______________
Miscellaneous______________

h-1
O

T a b l e A .— Kind , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons , 1940 , fey State, system , emd institution— Continued

O
to

IOW A—Con tinued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price
Quantity

Value

all institutions—continued

___ Doz. pr.
Dozen.
Dozen
Construction: Buildings__________________
Construction: Miscellaneous___________ ___
Farm: Cattle
______ _______ ______ _____
Beef, dressed__________________ _____ Pounds.
Cattle
-- ______________________
Do
_________________________ Head.
Miscellaneous______ _ _ _____ _______
Farm: Dairy
________ _____ _____
Beef, dressed _ ____ ___________ ___ Pounds.
_______ __ - ___ _______ Pounds.
Butter
Cattle
__________ -- -- ____
Cheese
________ ______ _______ Pounds.
Milk, whole
- - - ______________ Pounds.
Farm: Field crops and garden. ___________
Corn, field__ _________________________ Bushels .
Ensilage
__________________ _____ Tons
Hay
_______ _______________ ___ Tons
Molasses
________________ ______ Gallons.
Oats
_______________ _______ Bushels.
Potatoes
_______________________ Bushels .
Bye
____ ____________ ____ Bushels.
Strawberries
_____ ____ ______ ____
Bushels.
Wheat
_________________
Miscellaneous
__ __ _ ___
Farm: Hogs
Hogs
_
_________________
Pork, dressed
_____ __ _______ Pounds.
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs
______________________ Dozen
Poultry, dressed _________ _____ ___ _ Pounds .
Poultry, live................................. - ........... Head. _ _
Hosiery

_____ - _____




_____

24

44

95

9
5

$9,522
970
13,163
38,194
21,473

5,621
70
2,142

122,149
0)
17
0)

9,002
1,194
714
254

66,039
0)

4,703
597

56,110
(0
17
0)

56,010
15,522
0)
13,092
1,962,402

4,783
6,364
2, 755
2,499
41, 317

34,686
15,522
0)
13,092
1,959,244

3,013
6,364
1,100
2,499
41,254

21,324

1, 770

(0

1,655

18,532
1,552
1,048
748
5,140
6,429
200
0)
500
(9

9,424
6,921
7,196
299
1, 727
3,935
110
1,911
371
20,380

18,532
1,552
1,048
748
5,140
6,429
200

9,424
6,921
7,196
299
1,727
3,935
110

500

371
20,380

0)
464,593

68
38
23

5,621
70
2,142
0)
0)

2,995
23, 793

0)
464, 593

2,065
23, 793

13,807
8,667
373

2,007
1,165
442

13, 807
4,111
368

2,007
621
439

$9,522
970
13,163
0)
(9

0)

L$38,194
21,473

3,158

$4,299
597
714
254

63

0)

1,911

(9

930

4, 556
5,

544
3

Value

PRISON LABOR IN 'THE. UNITED STATES, 1040

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

See footnotes at end o f table.




Head.
Each___
Each_
_
Each. .
Each___
Each
Each ._
Each___
Each ...
Each___
Each_
_
Each ...

153

3

46

Each___
Each ___
Each __
Each___
Tons .
Tons ._
Tons
Pounds.
Gallons.
Sq. yd
Sq. yd.
Sq. yd._

53

61

27

112

45
Each___
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen

(0

136

(0

87

(0

117

7

4,121
371

(0

3

4,082
150

1,603
7,411
238
12,819
66
683
181
(0

8,031
87,751
1,049
48,468
2,746
1,484
321
260

68
17
238
1,567
50

337
244
1,049
7,104
2, 540

169

248
217

432
124

432
124

(0

2,565
72
1,641

<0

2,565
72
1,641

1,770, 823
8,501
(0
14,810

75,260
9,438
76
629

1, 770,823
8,501
(0
14,810

75,260
9,438
76
629

13,622
919,396
150,000
(0

3,328
3,260
539
7,227

13,622
919,396
150,000
(')

3,328
3,260
539
7,227

7,570
1,424
12,813

5,387
946
8,990

557
1,408
11, 246

364
916
7,472

424,219
7,229
(0

36,234
1,120
49

424,219
7,229
(0

36, 234
1,120
49

407,088
1,518
21,565
(0

79,263
1,124
17,302
53

407,088
1, 518
21, 565
(0

49

79, 263
1,124
17.302
53

0)

41
556
647
425
946
3,505
2,030
541
0)

1,035
172
1,336
1,923
333
9,401
4,505
5,086
365
641

(0

25
556
646

9,395
4,505
5,086
365
506

4

39
221

1, 535
7,394

7,694
87, 507

11,252
16
683
12

41,364
206
1,484
73
43

C
O

V

7,013
16
1, 567

5,023
30
1, 518

16

25

1
425
1

2
333
6

1,035
147
1,336
1,921

945
3, 505
2,030
541
O)

(0

0)

CO

0)

i§5

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Miscellaneous ______________________
Farm, miscellaneous____ __________________
Farm hands hired out____ __________
Livestock__
_____________________
Furniture: Wood_________________________
Beds _ . _______ __________________
Breakfast se ts_____________ _________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Chairs.___________l . . . _______________
Desks _ _ _ _ ______ __________
Ottomans __
....................... ................
Tables_______ _
___________ _____
Miscellaneous__________
___________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood. _____
Mattresses_____________ _______ _____
Pillows______ ___________ ______ _____
Repairs___ ___________________________
Metal products___ _ ________________ . . .
Auto license tags._______________ _____
Highway markers. .......... ................ .........
Signs...I_________ _______ _____ ______
Tags, miscellaneous____________ ______
Printing and binding. . ________________
Bookbinding and blank books____ _____
. _. . _____ _________
Envelopes __
Letterheads
_ . _____________ .. .
Miscellaneous
_ . . . . _________
Quarrying and rock crushing . ___________
Lime and agricultural limestone________
Stone, building _ ________ ___________
Stone, crushed.
_______ ____________
Soap and other detergents_____ _________
Soap. . ______ ______________________
Soap, liquid ._ ________ _____________
Miscellaneous soap products________. . .
Textiles_________ ___________ ____ _____
Cotton yard goods, light. _ ______ _
.
Duck and canvas _____________ _
Wool yard goods_________ _____ _______
Miscellaneous____________ ___ ___ _
Textile products________________ _ ____
Bags, cloth...
_________
Flags. ___________________________ .
Mopheads . . _ ______
_
__ _
Pillowcases__ _ _ _ _ _ _
Rugs, rag__
________
_ _
Sheets. ___
__
_____
___
....
Spreads_____
Towels...
_
.
...
Washcloths__
Miscellaneous____________________ ____ '

T a b l e A . — Kind , quantity, and value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940 , by State, system , an d institution— Continued

O

IOWA—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

ALL institutions—continued
59

0)

Total

THE MEN’S REFORMATORY
____________

Clothing
. _ _____ _
Aprons
_
_____ _________
Coats, dress
__________ ___________
Coats, work
Gloves and mittens
Hats and caps
Handkerchiefs
_
_
_
Labor only
_
__ _ _
Overalls
- __________
Overcoats
____________
Pajamas and nightgowns
Pants, dress
_______ _______ _
Pants, work
.
____________
Suits
__________ ___
Underwear, men’s and boys’
U niform s
M iscell an em 1s

Construction: Buildings
Construction: Miscellaneous

______
_
_ ___
___________

Dozen
Each
Dozen
Doz.pr
Dozen
Dozen

Cattle_______________________ ____ ___




106

Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each
Dozen .
Dozen
Pairs
Each___
Dozen
Each
9
38
25
Pounds_
Pounds.
Head_
_

15,654
0)
0)
(0

375,847

452

_ _

Farm : D airy
Beef, dressed
Butter

26,680
309

15,654

$28,331
464
26,680
309
339,461

59
464
231
1,002
270
70
0)
964
255
10
517
136
786
10,875
1,053
289
15
(0
(0
(0

312
2,257
4,969
3, 211
948
35
363
14,811
2,113
65
1,900
3, 247
7,896
5,873
11,317
1,574
"210
136
4,886
21,473

59
464
231
1,002
270
70
(0
964
255
10
517
136
786
10,875
1,053
289
15
(0

56,010
15, 522
(0

4,783
6,364
2, 755

34,686
15,522
(0

312
2, 257
4,969
3, 211
948
35
363
14,811
2,113
65
1,900
3, 247
7,896
5,873
11,317
1, 574
210
136
0)
0)
3,013
6,364
1,100

$10,027

$26,359

Quantity

Value

1940

Shirts, w ork
Shoes repaired

$28,331
464

CO
­
C
O

Cases
Do
Insecticides, deodorants, and related
chemical compounds
__
Miscellaneous
- - - _____

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN TH E UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

4,886
21,473
21,324

1,770

0)

i, 655

408102
1°
I
to
I

Milk, whole____________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_______
Corn, field_____________________
Ensilage_______________________
Hay.___ ______________________
Molasses___ _____ ______________
Oats__________________________
Potatoes________________________
Miscellaneous___________________
Farm: Hogs__________________ T
____
Pork, dressed___________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products..

Pounds
Dozen..

33

4

T2
)"

850,318

19,076

850,318

19,076

12,239
681
354
748
4,420
3,884
(0

6,260
3,405
2,541
299
1,547
2,422
13,894

12,239
681
354
748
4,420
3,884
(0

6,260
3,405
2, 541
299
1,547
2,422
13,894

234,265

11,687

234, 265

11,687

3,487

490

3,487

490

(0

181

(0

~ w

Each..
Each..

‘ "46

EachEach.
EachEach..
Tons..
Tons..
Tons..
Pounds.
Gallons.

61

27

1,770,823
8,501
(0
14,810

13,622
919,396
150,000
(0

3,328
3,260
539
6,727

13,622
919,396
150,000
(0

3,328
3,260
539
6, 727

7,570
1,424
12,813

5,387
946
8,990

557
1,408
11,246

364
916
7,472

424, 219
7,229
(0

36, 234
1,120
49

424, 219
7,229
(0

36, 234
1,120
49

100
65
464

1,035
375
484
1,119
41

15,654
(0

Cases.

61

31

(0

75,260
9,438
76
629

28,331

15,654

28,331

(0

5,023
30
1, 518

1,035
375
484
1,119
41

26,680

(0

100
65
464

7,013
16
1,567

TABLES

75,260
9,438
76
629

(0

Dozen..
DozenDozen..

150

1,770,823
8,501
(0
14,810

A ----- G E N E R A L

Total-

Bushels.
Tons....
T o n s...
Gallons.
Bushels.
Bushels.

A P P E N D IX

Farm: Miscellaneous_____________________
Livestock____________________________
Metal products__________________________
Auto license tags______________________
Highway markers_____________________
Signs________________________________
Tags, miscellaneous___________________
Printing and binding_____________________
Bookbinding and blank books_________
Envelopes____________________ _______
Letterheads__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Quarrying and rock crushing______________
Lime and agricultural limestone________
Stone, building_______________________
Stone, crushed________________________
Soap and other detergents_________________
Soap_________________________________
Soap, liquid__________________________
Miscellaneous soap products___________
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Towels______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Other manufactured products_____________
Canned fruits and vegetables__________
Insecticides, deodorants, and related
chemical compounds________________

Pounds
Pounds

26,680

0)

(0

STATE PENITENTIARY

Brooms, brushes, and mops.
Brooms_______________
Brushes...........................
See footnotes at end o f table.




455,982
Dozen _
Dozen.

903
543

3,078
2.633

275, 752
899
543

3,073
2.633

33, 308

146,922
4

5
O
Or

A.— K in d ,

106

T able

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

IOWA—
Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

STATE PENITENTIARY—Continued
*Clothing, other than knit_________ _____
Aprons. _ _ ________________________
Belts, leather ________________________
Coats, w o r k .________________________
Gloves and mittens___________________
Handkerchiefs ______________________
Hats and caps________________ ^___ . . .
Overalls_____________________________
Overcoats________ . . _____________
Pajamas and nightgowns _________ _
Pants, work__________________________
Shirts, work. ________
_________ __
Shoes, new
_________ _____________
Shoes repaired__________________ ____
Suits
_ ___________________ ____
Miscellaneous_______________________
Clothing, knit___________________________
Hoisery
. ________________________
Sweaters
________________________
Underwear ________________________
Construction: Buildings__ ________________
Farm: Cattle__ _ _______________________
Beef, dressed
___. . .
_
Cattle
. . ________________________
Do
. ________________________
Miscellaneous ________ _____________
Farm: Dairy
____ __________________
Milk, whole
- __________
Farm: Field crops and garden________
Corn, field
_____
________ ______________
Ensilage . .
F ay
T
Potatoes _ _ _____________________
Rye
______ ________________
Straw berries....................... ....................




Dozen
Dozen _
Dozen _
Doz. pr._
Dozen _
Dozen.
Dozen. _
Each
Dozen
Dozen.
Dozen _
Pairs
Pairs
Each
Doz. pr_.
Dozen _
Dozen
Pounds.
Head__

Pounds.
Bushels .
Tons. ..
Tons
Bushels .
Bushels.

75

24

69
22

16
50

27
66
93
719
1,171
286
166
184
6
128
314
16,505
6,469
404
0)

$96
237
2,037
719
514
337
1,536
1,334
66
1,179
2,381
46,199
3,370
3,131
12

27
66
93
719
1,171
286
166
184
6
128
314
16, 505
6,469
404
0)

$96
237
2,037
719
514
337
1, 536
1,334
66
1,179
2,381
46,199
3,370
3,131
12

5,621
70
2,142
(0

9,522
970
13,163
33, 308

5,621
70
2,142

9,522
970
13,163

113, 554
15
0)
0)

8,436
538
1,194
236

57,444

4,137

901,882

18,036

901,822

18,036

4,566
499
651
2,545
200
(9

2,283
1,996
4,330
1, 513
110
1,911

4, 566
499
651
2,545
200

2,283
1,996
4, 330
1, 513
110

(9

0)

597

$33,308
56,110
15
0)
0)

0)

$4,299
538
597
236

1,9li

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Bushels.
Farm: Hogs

women ’ s reformatory
T otal __________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




(9
(9
212,390

4

117
153

3

5
112

23

(2)

371
4,768

2,065
(9
11,185
Pounds. 212,390

2,065
11,185

(9

8,263
7,595
368
(9

1,247
1,045
439
136

8,263
3,039
368
(9

1,247
501
439
87

(9

49

(9

4,121

(9

4,082

(9

39

68
17
238
1, 567
50

337
244
1,049
7,104
2,540

1,535
7,394

7,694
87,507

169

248
217

11,252
16
683
12
(9

41,364
206
1,484
73
43

432
124

2,565
72
1,641
500

425

333

1,603
7,411
238
12,819
66
683
181
(9

8,031
87,751
1,049
48,468
2,746
1,484
321
260

(9

432
124

2,565
72
1,641
500

(9
(9

(9
(9
407,088
1,518
21, 565
(9

79,263
1,124
17,302
53

407.088
1, 518
21, 565
(9

556
95
425
76
3,505
1,511
541
(9
(9

1,336
207
333
663
4,505
3,657
365
195
309

556
95

1,336
207

76
3,505
1,511
541
(9
(9

4,556

663
4,505
3,657
365
195
309

544

79, 263
1,124
17,302
53

46
Dozen
Each _
Dozen
Dozen..,

500

371
4,768

23,526

2

5
293
18
34
(9

14
327
109
100
7

21,978
5
293
18
34
(9

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Pork, dressed.
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Dozen.
Eggs
Pounds.
Poultry, dressed
__
_____
Head.
Poultry, live.
___
_____
Miscellaneous
__
______
Farm: Miscellaneous
__
Farm hands hired out
Furniture: Wood
Each
Beds
Each
Breakfast sets
Each
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc
Each
Chairs
Each _
Desks
Each _
Ottomans
Each _
Tables
__
Miscellaneous
Furniture: Other than metal or wood
Each _
Mattresses___
______
__ ___
Each
___
______
Pillows. ___
Repairs______
____
______
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous
Textiles _ _ _ _ _ _ __ ______________
Cotton yard goods, light _
Sq. yd
Duck and canvas
Sq. yd
Sq. y d .
Wool yard goods_________________ __
Miscellaneous, _ ____________________
Textile products________________________
Mopheads
Dozen
Pillowcases___ ________ __________
Dozen. _
Each___
Rugs, rag_____ _____________________
Dozen .
Sheets
Each___
Spreads___________________ _________
Towels______________________________ Dozen _
W ashcloths__
Dozen.
Miscellaneous
Other manufactured products: Miscellaneous _

Clothing
___
______
______
Aprons
__
______
_______
__
Dresses
Pajamas and nightgowns
Underwear, women’s and children’s
Miscellaneous,______________ _______

500
4

1. 548

14
327
109
100
7

■<!

T able A . — K in d , quantity , and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s , 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

O
00

IOWA—
Continued
Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

AverUnit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price
Quantity

Value

3

1

(9
18

2
(9

210,262

4, 205

207,104

4,142

1,727
380
43
720
0)

881
1,520
325
180
1, 718

1, 727
380
43
720
(9

881
1, 520
325
180
1, 718

57
17,938

930
921

17,938

921

2,057
1,072
5

270
120
3

2,057
1,072

270
120

3

190

$176
18

41
452
805
55
0)
•
(9

172
1,341
8,254
310
405
464

3,158

63

57

930

25
451
804
55
(9
(9

147
1, 339
8,248
310
270
464

5

190

16
1
1
(9

3

3

25
2
6
135

1940

8

$566
___

U N IT E D S T A T E S ,

1

8,595
$566
176
Miscellaneous
18

THE

12

8,595
2
(9

IN




1

LABOR

women’ s reformatory—continued

___
Farm: Cattle__ ___ _
Beef, dressed _____________ _
__ _ Pounds_
Head
Cattle_____ _ _ _ _ ________ _____
_________ ____ _
Farm: Dairy___ _ _ _ _ ______ ______ ____
Milk, whole
__
_ _______ _
Pounds.
Farm: Field crops and garden________ _ ___
Corn, field
_ __ _
Bushels.
___
Ensilage
_ _
Tons
Hay
___
_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Tons
Oats
__
____ ___
Bushels.
Miscellaneous ____
______
Farm: Hogs_
_
_ __________ _ ___
Hogs___ . . . _
_
Head
Pork, dressed _______________ ___ _ __ Pounds.
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_
_ ___
E g g s____
___ _ _ _ ___
__ _
Dozen. _
____________ _ __ dressed _ _
Poultry, Pounds.
Poultry, live _ ___ _____________ _ __ Head
Farm: Miscellaneous_ _________________
_
Livestock
________ ________ _ _
Head
Textile products_______ _______ _ __
Flags
_ ____________________ _ Each
______________ __ _ __ Dozen
Pillowcases
Sheets
__ _ _____________ _ __ Dozen
Dozen
Towels
________ _ __________
Miscellaneous _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
____
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

Value

P R IS O N

Institution and articles produced

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

KANSAS
ALL INSTITUTIONS
M.
Dozen
Dozen...
Dozen
Each_
_
Doz.pr..
Dozen _

47
86

Dozen ._
Dozen .
Each
Dozen _
Dozen.. _
Dozen .
Pairs ...

110
4
152
175
2,626
1,448

2
2
110
58

(9

28,150
15, 000
315
25, 712
243, 339
2,217,656
(9

2, 517
3, 300
10,618
1,826
2, 518
37,472
1,766

28,150
15,000
175
25,712
243, 339
2,217,656
(9

2, 517
3, 300
5,266
1,826
2, 518
37,472
1,766

107

3,975
1 200
,
863
(9
3,483
14,160
(9

2,044
4,800
6,908
30
1,145
8,257
11, 790

3,975
1,200
863
(9
3,483
14,160
(9

Bushels.
Bushels.
6

2,044
4,800
6,908
30
1,145
8,257
11, 790

2, 528
128, 046

25,499
12,814

1,660
128,046

14,828
12,814

$96, 263

325
19
1,905
114
3,749
1, 769
723
7,465
12
1,068
5,620
256
1,872
929
3, 280
2, 356
2,790
138

(9
1,398, 500

325
19
1,905
114
3,749
1,769
723
7,465
12
1,068
5,620
256
1,872
929
3, 280
2,356
2,790
138
1,700
1,000
75,190

937
186

Bushels .
Tons . . .
Tons . .

Head____
Pounds.

110
4
152
175
2,626
1,448
(9
605
2
326
523
53
472
393

$2, 700

10,181

*(9

0)

(
9

605
2
326
523
53
472
393

(9

937
186

(9
(9

1, 700
1,000
1, 398, 500

75,190

140

5,352

88
6

10,671

TABLES

Pounds.
Pounds.
Head
Pounds .
Pounds.
Pounds.

1,018

A ----- G E N E R A L

Pounds.

10,181

(0

Dozen. _
Each_
_

$389, 980

1,018

A P P E N D IX

Clay, cement, and stone products: Brick_
Clothing___’ . ____
...
_____ . ...
Aprons __ .
_
Children’s playsuits_____________ . . . _
Coats, work. _ _ . . . ____________
Dresses
. . . . . . . ________________ .
Gloves and mittens_______. . . ____ . ..
Hats and caps_ _________ ________ ...
_
Labor only.. . _ ________________ .
Overalls
. . . . . _______ _
Pajamas and nightgowns_____ _____
Pants, dress. . . .
________ _______
Pants, work____ ____________ _____ _
_
. . . . . . _____ . . .
Shirtsj dress_
Shirts, work_
_
_________ _____
Shoes, new.. . . ____________ _____
Shoes repaired.... .
..
___. . . .. .
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ______
Uniforms
___
.
_ .. __ __
Miscellaneous..
.
_ ._ _.
Construction: Buildings____ . . .
Construction: Miscellaneous_______ . . . ..
Cordage: Binder twine _____. . . ______
Farm: D airy ___ . _. ______ ._ ___
Beef, dressed. ..
______ _______
Butter______________________________ . . . . . . ______
Cattle.. . . . .
______
_.
Cream______
..
. . . ________ _______
.
.
Milk, skimmed
______ _ _ ________
_
Milk, whole____ .
_ ____________ . . .
. .
Miscellaneous . . . . . . ________
Farm: Field crops and garden . . . _____
Corn, field________________ __________
Ensilage ____
.
_____________
Hay____ _______________ _________ _________________
Labor only______ _______ . . . ___________ _______ . .
Oats . . ________ . . . _________________ __________ __
Potatoes
______ ___________ ________________
..
Miscellaneous________________________ ________ . .
Farm: Hogs
_____________________________________ . . .
Hogs. . . . . _____ ________ . ________ ________
Pork, dressed_________________________

$488,943

999

Total

See footnotes at end o f table.




O

CO

able

A.—K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

110

T

KANSAS—
Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

ALL institutions—continued
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
5
E g g s________________ ________ ______ Dozen
1,808
Poultry, l i v e _______________________
Head
617
Turkeys, live__________________ ______ Head_
_
676
Furniture: Wood______P_ ________________
20
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_____________ _ Each
99
Each __
Chairs________ ______ ____________
1
Desks _________________________ ______ Each
1
_____________________________
Repairs
<9
5
Tables_______________________________ Each___
_________ ______
•0)
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
50
signs.
1,206,404
________ . ____ Each
Auto license tags
Each
Highway markers____ _______ _____
11,656
411
Mining: C o a l_______ _______________ . Tons___
68,079
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous.............
1
2
(9
18
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth
_______________ D ozen36
Dozen
15,450
Bags, tobacco ____________________
Dozen
Pillowcases
____________ _________
388
Repairs __________________________ .
0
394
Sheets
__________________________ Dozen
1,461
Towels ____________________________ Dozen... —
Miscellaneous________________________
0
Wood products ________ _______ _________
Lumber
- __ __ __ __ _
(9
_________ ___________
Miscellaneous
Other manufactured products_____________
58
Canned fruits and vegetables............. ...... Cases__
13, 567
3
Harness ____________________________ S ets___
Do
_____ ______________________
(9
Leather products, miscellaneous________
(9
Repairs (leather) _ . .
_ _____
.............. . smoking and chewing 44,640
Tobacco, Pounds.




)

7

)

h

h

$286
375
1,415

1,808
617
8

1,937
2
10
1
11
(9
20
Miscellaneous.
944
(9

$286
375
19

668

$1,396

99
1

1,937
2

5
(9

20
933

(9

762

10
11
11

40,000
5,016
136,158
2,613

1,206,404
11, 656
68,079
(9

40,000
5,016
136,158
2, 613

82
185
510
19
2,156
2,236
382

36
15,450
388
(9
394
1,461
(9

82
185
510
19
2,156
2,236
382

1,342
337
17,773
152
550
762
50
17,856

8

1,342
337

13,567
3
(9

17,773
152
550

(9

50
17,856

44,640

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

STATE INDUSTRIAL REFORMATORY

170

Total.

See footnotes at end of table.




Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.

Dozen.

Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.
Bushels.

2
20

30

2
Head_
_
Pounds.
Each.
Each.
Each.

Each.
Each.

(0
184
0)
0)

28, 510
15,000
48
25,712
243,339
846,687
0)

2, 517
3,300
1,096
1,826
2,518
13, 560
1,094

28,150
15,000
47
25,712
243,339
846,687
(>)

1,200
406
3,483
7,427

4,800
3,703
1,145
4,556
2,744

1,200
406
3,483
7,247

4,800
3,703
1,145
4, 556
2,744

263
114,041

1,578
11,404

263
114,041

1,578
11,404

99
1
1

1,937
2
10
11
20
944

11

160
2
94
25
53
85
297

o

0)
50

10
4
69

5

(9
1,206,404
11,656

0)

40,666
5,016
2,284

10
4
69

(9

160
2
94
25
53
85
297

<
9

184

(9

0)

1

<
9
<
9
1,206,404
11,656

<
9

25
48
66
149
1,545
12
224
198
256
363
871
1,712
221
63

3,669

$1,000

2, 517
3,300
1,081
1,826
2, 518
13,560
1,094

20

Each.

110,403

25
48
66
149
1,545
12
224
198
256
363
871
1,712
221
63
1,000

0)

Dozen.
Dozen.
Each..
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Pairs..

Pounds.
Pounds.
Head_
_
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.

115,072

25

0)

1,000

1

99
1
10
11
11
40,000
5,016
2,284

(0

15

1,937
2

5

20
933

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clothing_________________________
Aprons_______________________
Coats, work___________________
Hats and caps_________________
Labor only____________________
Overalls______________________
Pajamas and nightgowns_______
Pants, dress___________________
Pants, work__________________
Shirts, dress___________________
Shirts, work__________________
Shoes, new____________________
Shoes repaired________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’___
Miscellaneous_________________
Construction: Miscellaneous_______
Farm: Dairy_____________________
Beef, dressed__________________
Butter________________________
Cattle________________________
Cream________________________
Milk, skimmed_______________
Milk, whole___________________
Miscellaneous_________________
Farm: Field crops and garden______
Ensilage______________________
Hay__________________________
Oats_____ ____________________
Potatoes______________________
Miscellaneous____________ _____
Farm: Hogs______________________
Hogs-------------------------------------Pork, dressed_________________
Furniture: Wood_________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc________
Chairs________________________
Desks________________________
Repairs_______________________
Tables________________________
Miscellaneous_________________
Metal products___________________
Auto license tags______________
Highway markers______________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous.

T able A.—K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

to

KANSAS—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

STATE INDUSTRIAL REFORMATORY— COn.

Textile products__________________
Bags, cloth____________________
Pillowcases----------------------------Sheets________________________
Towels_______________________
Miscellaneous_________________
Other manufactured products---------Harness______________________
Do_______________________
Leather products, miscellaneous..
Repairs_______ __________ ____

Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..

2
124
117
304
l1
)

194
492
486
9

(0
0)

104
152
762
20

Pieces..
Sets___

2
124
117
304
0)

$35
194
492
486
9
104
152
0)

$762

0)

STATE PENITENTIARY

817

Total.
Clay, cement, and stone products: Brick.
.Clothing------------------------------------------Aprons--------------------------------------Children’s play suits.............. ..........
Coats, work------------------------- -----Gloves and mittens----------------------Hats and caps— ------------------------Labor only...r....... ...................... .
Overalls-------------------------------------Pants, dress--------------------------------Pants, work...... ................. ........... .
Shirts, work-------------------------------Shoes, new---------------------- --------—
Shoes repaired____________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ----------Uniforms________________________
Construction: Buildings----------------------Cordage: Binder twine-----------------------Farm: Dairy-------------------------------------Cattle___________________________




372,822

Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
Doz. pr_
Dozen.
Dozen. .
Each...
Dozen..
DozenPairs.. .
Pairs...
Dozen..
E ach Pounds.

2

10
1
38

Head— .

10,181

1,018

10,181

100
4
148
2,626
1,379
0)
445
232
498
387
96
6,214
753
186
0)
, 398, 500

300
19
1,857
3, 749
1,703
499
5,920
844
5.422
1,509
58
1,568
2,135
2, 790
1,700
75,190

100
4
148
2,626
1, 379
0)
445
232
498
387
96
6,214
753
186

300
19
1,857
3,749
1,703
499
5,920
844
5,422
1,509
58
1, 568
2,135
2, 790

267

9, 522

128

92, 594

$1, 700

278, 528

1,018

0)
4,185

1,700

1,500

75,190
5,337

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Pounds.

Hay
Labor only
Potatoes

Bushels.
Tons___
_______________________
______________________ ____ _____ ________ -- Bushels

_______ _ Head
Hogs
__ __
Pork, dressed
_ __ _. Pounds.
Farm: Poultry and poultry products _ _ __
_
Head_
Tons___
Dozen
Dozen.... —
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen

4
3
411
1
10

7

_ _

Cases

52

Pounds.

23,912
672

1, 370,969
0)

23,912
672

3,975
457
0)
6,913
0)

2,044
3,205
30
3,701
9,046

3,975
457
0)
6,913
0)

2,044
3,205
30
3,701
9,046

2,265
14,005

23,921
1,410

1, 397
14,005

13, 250
1,410

868

10,671

38
676
68,079
0)

20
1,415
136,158
329

38
8
68,079
0)

20
19
136,158
329

668

1,396

34
15,450
264
277
1,157
0)

47
185
316
1,664
1, 750
248

34
15,450
264
277
1,157
0)

47
185
316
1,664
1, 750
248

1,342
337

0)
0)

1,342
337

0)

13, 567
0)
0)
44,640

17,772
446
30
17,856

13, 567
0)
0)
44,640

17, 772
446
30
17,856

STATE INDUSTRIAL FARM FOR WOMEN

Total_____________ ________________ ____ _
Clothing................................. ......... .........
Dresses_______________ ___________
Each .
Labor only
_______ __________ _____
Miscellaneous
_ __________ . ___
Farm: Poultry and poultry products _____ .
Eggs_______ __________
________
Dozen
Poultry, live ________ ______ _____ Head ..
Textile products___ ____________ ____ _____
Repairs
Miscellaneous________________________

6

2

1,049

1,049

12

114
75
75

175

0)
0)

175

0)
0)

114
75
75

1, 770
617

266
375

1, 770
617

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Mining: Coal
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous
Textile products
Bags, cloth
Bags, tobacco
Pillowcases
Sheets
Towels
M iscellaneous
Wood products
Lumber
M iscellaneous
Other manufactured products
Canned fruits and vegetables
Harness
Repairs (leather)
Tobacco, smoking and chewing

77

1,370,969
0)

0)

Farm: Field crops and garden

266
375

4
0)
0)

19
125

0)
0)

19
125

See footnotes at end o f table.




CO

T

a b le

A.— Kind,quantity, and value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State,system and institution— Continued
,
KENTUCKY

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

ALL INSTITUTIONS

$441,802

442




Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each _
Dozen.
Each.
Dozen

5
53

Dozen
Dozen..
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs _
Each
Dozen.
Dozen.
Head_
_

119
(2
)
22

Pounds.
Head _
Pounds.
Bushels.
Tons. .
Bushels.
Head
Pounds.

135

4

$311,756

49
541

171
157

49
541

201
9,945
184
180
2,874
75
445
104
2,684
19,927
8,503
1,932
1,870
1,465
10
152
125,000
163

44
2,520
14
268
852
(9
37
20
1, 342
1,025
1,133
6,440
374
472
9
(9

201
9,945
184
180
2,874
75
445
104
2,684
19, 927
8,503
1, 932
1, 870
1,465
10
152

1,125
3
230, 713

56
26
6,713

1,125
3
230, 713

56
26
6, 713

10, 292
287
13, 295
0)

6,690
3,847
11,816
27, 391

10, 292
261
12,141
(9

431
16,185

4,694
1, 273

222
16,185

$5,046

$125,000

171
157

44
2,520
14
268
852
0)
37
20
1,342
1,025
1,133
6,440
374
472
9
0)
0)
6

Value

(9

125,000

6

163

6,690
3,487
10, 777
27.391

26
1,154

360
1,039

1, 554
1, 273

209

3,140

Quantity

Value

1940

Brooms, brushes, and mops______________
Brooms___ ___ _ ______ ____ _____
_________________ ___ _________
Mops
Clothing _______________________________
Aprons................... __i______ ______ ___
Coats, dress____________________ ___ .
Coats, work_________________________
Dresses ___________________ _ __ . . .
Hats and c a p s ..._________ _______ _
Labor only_______ ____________ ____
Overalls_ ______ _ _ _
_
__ _ _
Pajamas and nightgowns____ _ _______
Pants, dress____ __________________ _
Pants, work ______________ _________
Shirts, work___________________ _____
Shoes repaired_____________ _ _______
Suits_______________________ _________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ . _______ Underwear, women’s and children’s____
M iscella n eou s._ ___________________
Construction: Buildings_____ ______ ____ _ _
Farm: Cattle__________________________ _
Farm: Dairy__________________________ _
Beef, dressed__________________ __ _ _
Cattle_______________________ _______
Milk, whole_________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Corn, field__________ _________________
Hay _________________________ ____
Potatoes....... ................. .............. ............
Miscellaneous.. __________ ___________
Farm: Hogs_____________________________
Hogs
....... .......................................
Pork, dressed_________________ _______

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN TH E UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber ol
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

(2
)

Barrels..

Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed. Tons___

C lothing
A prons

Coats, dress
Coats, w ork
H ats and naps
T a bor on ly
Overalls
Pajam as and nightgow ns
Pants, dress
Pants, w ork
Shirts, w ork
Shoes repaired
Underwear, m en ’s and h o y s '
M iseellaneous

Farm: Cattle
Farm: Dairy
Milk, whole

Dozen
Dozen
Eaeh

Dozen
Dozen
Pairs

Dozen
Head....

F arm : F ield e rop sa n d garden

Corn, field
Hay
Potatoes

Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen

__

M iseellaneous
Farm : H ogs

Pounds.
Bushels.
Tons
Bushels.

Head_
_
________________
Farm: Miscellaneous
Metal products
Auto license tags
Each
Highway markers
...
Each
Repairs (to signs)
..
. . . _.
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed. Tons___
See footnotes at end o f table.




2
18

73
9

0

344

344

0

96
95
324

433
61
973

96
95
324

433
61
973

954, 208
16,389
0)
26,000

52, 481
131,112
2,355
5,980

954, 208
16, 389
0
26,000

52,481
131,112
2,355
5,980

9
454
713
1,507
0

62
1, Oil
6,354
1, 737
351

9
454
713
1, 507
0)

62
1,011
6,354
1, 737
351

278 _________
33
36
2,520
12
433
0)
37
12
1, 342
561
692
6,440
251
0
6
(2
)
20
211,173
128
10, 292
287
13, 295
0)
69
3
0
(2
)
18
954, 208
16, 389
0
26, 000
73

287, 642 __________

284, 601 _________

170
9,945
144
1,872
23
445
61
2,684
14,332
5,187
1,932
1,146
152
163

36
2,520
12
433
0
37
12
1, 342
561
692
6,440
251
0
211,173

6,139

6,690
3,847
11,816
23,183
1,135
344

10, 292
261
12,141
0

6,690
3, 487
10, 777
23,183

52,481
131,112
2,355
5, 980

954, 208
16, 389
0
26,000

3,041

170
9,945
144
1, 872
23
445
61
2,684
14, 332
5,187
1,932
1,146
152

6,139

_________

6

163

26
1,154

360
1,039

69

_______ __ -------------- -

APPEN DIX A— GENERAL TABLES

STATE REFORMATORY

2

1,135
344

0
52,481
131,112
2,355
5,980
F*
—

O i

able

A.— K in d , quantity , and

value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system , o W institution—

Continued

116

T

KENTUCKY—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

STATE REFORMATORY—Continued
Textile products __ _______ _____ __ ____
Bags, c lo th ____ __________________ __
Pillowcases. ______________________ .. Dozen
Sheets________________________ ______ Dozen
T ow els______________________________ Dozen
Miscellaneous_______________ ______

Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Dozen

119
2

1

.

Grain-mill products: Corn meal________

$125,000

25,765

49
541

Head
Pounds.
Faeh
E ach

.. Barrels.. . .

171
157

49
541

$2,005

171
157

2
2
419
3
464
441
374
221

3
40
1,002
24
5, 595
3,316
1,870
319
125,000

2
2
419
3
464
441
374
221

3
40
1,002
24
5, 595
3,316
1,870
319

1,125
3
19,540

56
26
574

1,125
3
19,540

56
26
574

18

3

P o rk , dressed
F u rn itu re : O th e r th a n m e ta l o r wood
M attresses
P illow s




Dozen
Each

Pounds
Head
Pounds.

.

152,770

5

__
.

0)

$62
467
3,125
606
44

2
2

0)

0)

0)

3,259

0)

3,259

362
16,185

3, 559
1,273

222
16,185

1,554
1,273

96
95
324

433
61
973

96
95
324

433
61
973

125,000

1940

.

9
251
347
504

ST AT E S,

Hogs .

$62
467
3,125
606
44

Value

U N IT E D

Miscellaneous _

F a rm : H ogs

0)
158

Brooms, brushes, and mops
Brooms...... .................
Mops................................ _ __ _ _ .
Clothing.......................... ....................... ......
Aprons........ ......... ......................... .........
Coats, work_______ ______ ____ ______
Hats and caps________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns
Pants, work __ _
Shirts, work
___
_ . . .
Suits
. . .
_
__
Underwear, men’s and boys’ .............
Construction: Buildings.... .............. ......... .
F a rm : D a iry
Beef, dressed
C a ttle
M ilk , w hole
F a rm : F ield e ro p s a n d garden

9
251
347
504

Quantity

THE

STATE PENITENTIARY
Total_______________ ______ __________

3

Piece price

PRISO N LABOR IN

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

140

2,005

T
extile products...... ...............................
P
illow
cases___ __________________ Dozen...
S eets____________ _____________ Dozen...
h
Tow
els.... ...... ........................._ --- D
_
ozen.
M
iscellaneous,_................ ....... .........

6
203
354
980
0)

544
3,126
1,088
301

203
354
980
0)

544
3,126
1,088
301

STATE REFORMATORY (WOMEN)
1,390

6
2

D
ozen
E
ach
D
ozen
D
ozen
D
ozen
D
ozen

6
268
5
0)

4

9

949

0)

(2
)

28
180
19
52
10

12
23
0)

103
43
6

1,390
6
268
5
(0

9

28
180
19
52
10
949

0)
12
23
0)

103
43
6

LOUISIANA
STATE PENITENTIARY

Total__________

Brooms, brushes, and mops
Brooms..
Mops____
Clothing........
. . .
_ __ _
Aprons____
Coats, work
.
............ ...
Hats and caps
Pajamas and nightgowns
Pants, work
Shirts, work
Shoes, new
Miscellaneous
*
Construction: Major repairs to buildings
Farm: Cattle
Farm: Dairy
Butter
Milk, whole___________________ _______

See footnotes at end of table.




1,980
382
2,140

Head_
_
Pounds.
Pounds.

1,146
749

382
2,140
138
538
57
286
967
187
3,022
(0

454
5, 537
35
1,031
9, 862
1, 345
6,044
25

113

454
5,537
35
1,031
9,862
1,345
6,044
25
35,260
6,759

113

6,759

1,612
414,494

413
19,279

1,612
414,494

413
19,279

14

70
6
5

$35,260

1,146
749

138
538
57
286
967
187
3,022
(!)

Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs

$767,106 _________

$1,335,900

4

(0

(0

35, 260

$533, 534
= = = = = =

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Total................... ______ __________
C
lothing.... ................................
Aprons........... .....................
D
resses_______________
_.
P
ajam an nightgow ____
as d
ns
R
epairs__ ____ _______ _ __
U derw w en’s an ch
n
ear, om
d ildren
’s
Farm F crop an gard _______ ___
: ield
s d
en
M
iscellaneous______ _________ _
Textile products_________ ___ . i _____
S eets..................................
h
Towels................... ...... .........
M
iscellaneous........ ........................

T a b l e A .— Kind, quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued
oo

LOUISIANA—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
State use
Quantity

Value

Public works and
ways
Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

STATE PENITENTIARY—Continued




Bushels.
Tons
Bushels.
Bushels .
Crates
Tons___
Bushels.
Head_
_
Each ..
Barrels
Tons___
Pounds.
Each___
Gallons.
Pounds.
Dozen
Dozen.
Bd. ft ...
Pounds.
Cases.
Pounds.
Pounds.

1,665

9
6
12

28
80
2

36
43

68, 687
1,922
141,826
36,828
12, 379
74,154
55,000
0)
848

$41,212
23, 384
188, 516
46,035
14,111
203,939
27, 500
64,767
12,720

68,687
1,922
103,086
36,828

$41, 212
23, 384
128,857
46,035

63, 524
55,000
0)
848

173, 228
27, 500
50, 592
12, 720

4, 271

15, 736

4,271

15, 736

1,556
40
104,600
758,045

6,224
1,436
1,883
52,823

I, 556
40
104,600
758,045

6, 224
1,436
1, 883
52, 823

664, 379
1 Y850, 239
0,

41,987
311,493
fill

105, 781
365, 825

13,983
10, 609

284
395
0)
1,410,499

409
2,883
168
28,210

284
395
0)
1,410,499

409
2,883
168
28, 210

271,918
70,453
237,421
68, 652

27,192
101, 322
18,994
15,017

271, 918
9,168
237, 421
68, 652

27,192
15, 332
18, 994
15, 017

38,740

$59,659

12, 379
10, 630

14, 111
30,711

(0

14,175

558. 598
10,484,414

28,004
300, 884

61,285

85,990

Quantity

Value

1940

Farm: Field crops and garden_________
Corn, field
___- ______ ____ _ Hay
- _____________________
Potatoes, white ______ _____ ________
Potatoes, sweet____________________ Radishes - ___________________ - ..
Sugarcane _____ _________________ . _.
Tomatoes - . _________________ ___
Miscellaneous
.. . ________________
Farm: Hogs
____
Furniture: Other than metal or w o o d _____
Mattresses
• _______________ ___
Grain-mill products ___________________
Corn meal _
_____________________
Feed, stock..
___________________
Grits
.
.
_______ _______
Metal products: Auto license tags______ . _
■Pliga/r
____ ____ _____
Cane syrup
_ __ __ _______
PAT
. . . ____
...
Textile products
___________________
Pillowcases
________ _ ____.
_______ ______ _
Sheets
Miscellaneous
_______________
Wood products: Lumber _______________
Other manufactured products_____________
Beef, dressed
____________
Canned fruit and vegetables.__________
Pnrlr, dressed
_ _
Tobacco, smoking and chewing_______

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

MAINE
ALL IN
STITUTIONS
Total____________________________________

$141,865

407
M _____
Dozen __
Each_
_
Each___
Dozen __
Dozen
Each_
_
Each_
_
Dozen
Dozen __
Each_
_
Dozen
Dozen _ _
Each___
Pounds.
Pounds.

4
62

8
18

45
Tons...
Tons
Bushels.
Pounds.
Dozen
Pounds _
Each...
Each___
Each_
_
Each_
_
Each___

2
5

Each _ .
Each___

$27,500

42
426
488
43
23
95
547
434
205
560
41
23
1

82
1,158
382
13
117
652
679
5,113
784
3,370
105
31
395
7, 722

5,780
608,480
0)

924
19,975
890

5,780
595,514
0)

924
19,709
890

12,966

266

150
143
2,793
0)

750
1,602
2,794
14,698

150
54
2,793

750
540
2,794
14,640

89

1,062

II, I§I

1,253

11,131

1,253

22,455
4,628

5,897
793

21, 570
4,628

5,667
793

885

230

30
128
83
657
24

405
377
639
1,242
308
300
1,933
5,400

1
59

20
173

327
3
0)

581
69
46
1,240
2,923

29
69
83
330
21
0)

385
204
639
661
239
254
693
2,477

363
42
3, 367

0)

136
42
374

0)

0)

0)
16

$7,722

1, 400

58

Each___

$106,643

100

0)

359
131
104

0)

100
42
426
488
43
23
95
547
434
205
560
41
23
0)

V)

0)

207
101
104

82
1,158
382
13
117
652
679
5,113
784
3,370
105
31
298

1

7,722

97

0)

58

0)

0)

1,400

152
30

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clay, cement, and stone products: Brick___
Clothing. _________________ ___________
Aprons_________ ________
_______
Coats, dress______ ___________________
Dresses_________ __________________
Handkerchiefs_____ _____ _ ___________
Hats and caps________________________
Overcoats ____________ ____________
Pants, dress_____ _____ _______________
Pants! w o rk _________________________
Shirts, w o rk _______ ______ _________ _
Suits/.____ . . . _ . . .
________ .
Underwear, men’s and boys’ .. __ _____
Underwear! women’s and "children’s____
Miscellaneous . . . ______ _________
Construction: Buildings__________________
Farm: Dairy_ ____ . . . __________________
_
Beef, dressed. . . . _ _________________
Milk, whole____ _ _ ______ ____
Miscellaneous____ _______________ _
Farm: Field crops and garden ___
Ensilage. __ . . . _______ _____ ____
Hay___ _____
Potatoes___ _______________ ________
Miscellaneous____. . . ____ ._ ______
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Pork, dressed___
.
_ ____
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_____ .
Eggs_________________________________
Poultry, dressed.. _. .
_________
Furniture: Wood_____ _ __ _ _ _ _____
Beds____________ _________ _________
_ _____
Benches____ .__ _. ____
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc___ ______ ___
Chairs. _
___ __
______________
Desks_____ _________________________
Repairs _
_____ _______ ________
Tables___ _________________ _______ _
Miscellaneous ._ ___ ________ ______
Furniture: Other than metal or wood____
Mattresses. _______ ._ . . _________
Pillows___ ____ __________________
Repairs__________ __________________

227
2,993

S ee f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le .




CD

T

able

A.— Kind , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons , 1910, by State, system , and institution— Continued

to
O

MAINE—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

Quantity

PRISON LABOR IN TH E UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Value

all institutions—continued

40
Each___
Each..
Each___
Pieces...
Each_
_
Tons___
Dozen _ _
Dozen __
Dozen
Dozen .
Each _.

3
3
85
3

13
42

481,898
1,181
6,325

$33,733
1,564
579

481,898
1,181
6,275

$33,733
1,564
575

955

517
268

955

517
165

758,000
0)
428

1,137
391
317

758,000
0)
320

1,137
391
237

6
2
51
13

10
7
250
21
356

6
2
51
13

10
7
250
21
222

0)

134

24

53
2,322

24

53
170

0)

2,152

10
1

1,149
20
61
5
8

0)
(i)

0)

0)
0)
V)

1,422
221
0)
0)

Pieces
Sets... .

1,149
2,017
10,956
229
34

0)

0)
0)
0)
0)
0)

50

$4
103

0)

108

1,412
220

80

1,997
10,895
224
26

1940

Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags___ _____________ ___
Highway markers____________________
Tags, miscellaneous___________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous_________ _
Galvanized ware_____ ________________
Miscellaneous_____ ________________
Printing and binding_____________________
Envelopes_ _______ _____ I______ ____
_
Miscellaneous___ . _ ____________
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed.
Textile products_________________________
Bags, cloth ___________________ _____
Pillowcases____ ______________________
Sheets______ _____________________ ___
Towels __ ___________________________
' Miscellaneous_____ __________________
Wood products ____________ ____________
____________________ _____
Boxes
M iscellaneous________________________
Other manufactured products _____ _______
Canned fruits and vegetables_____ _____
Harness.____________________________
Do _______________________________
Repairs (harness)_____________________
Miscellaneous leather g o o d s___________
STATE PRISON
Total

_

__

. . .

__
Clothing
______________
Dozen
Aprons
____________
Coats, dress ___________
____
Each
Hats and caps.............. ............................ Dozen...




115, 665

351
51

8
415
23

22
1,140
117

,
8
415
23

83, 593
22
1,140
117

$7,722

24, 350

_

i

§
00
£
to

Overcoats____________________________
Pants, dress._________________________
Pants, work..____ ___________________
Shirts, work___ _____ _________________
Suits_________________ _______________
' Miscellaneous________________________
Construction: Buildings__________________
Farm: Dairy_____________________________

Each___

8
7

Pounds.

See footnotes at end o f table.




23

379,602
0)

15,184
94

....

0)

7,432

0)

3
Dozen________
P oun ds.--------

379, 602
(0

16

7,978

97

0)

798

14, 640
1, 347

3,850
269

14, 640
1, 347

3,850
269

405
377
639
1, 242
308
300
1, 933
6, 058

1
59

20
173

327
3

581
69
46
1,240
1,429

359

0)
131
104

Each.
Each.
40

7, 722

7,432

0)

798

0)

Each.

1

15,184
94

7,978

Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.

0)

363
42
3, 367

0)

207

0)
101
104
0)

136
42
374

29
69
83
330
21
0)

152

(0
30

385
204
639
661
239
254
693
4,629
227
2,993

0)

481,898
1,181
6, 325

33, 733
1, 564
' 579

481,898
1,181
6, 275

33, 733
1, 564
575

955

Each.
Each.
Each.

517
268

955

517
165

0)

103

758,000
0)
0)

1,137
391
317

758,000
0)
0)

1,137
391
237

0)

80

1
1
39

8
1
185
36

1
1
39

8
1
185
36

24

53

24

53

Pieces.
0)
Each.

Each.

0)

652
679
5,113
784
3,370
134

30
128
83
657
24

Pounds-

Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.

95
547
434
205
560

85
(2
)

(2
)

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
1
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs_____________________________
I
Pork, dressed-------------------------------------® Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs----------------- ----------------------------Poultry, dressed______________________
Furniture: W ood_________________________
Beds_________________________________
Benches______________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Chairs_______________________________
Desks________________________________
Repairs______________________________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous______ ____ _____________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Pillows______________________________
Repairs______________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers,
and signs.
Auto license tags______________________
Highway markers_____________________
Tags, miscellaneous___________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Galvanized ware______________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Printing and binding_____________________
Envelopes____________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed
Textile products, other than clothing_______
Bags, cloth___________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Wood products___________________________
Boxes________________________________

1

652
679
5,113
784
3, 370
231
7, 722

95
547
434
205
560

Each..
EachDozen.
Dozen.
Each..

0)

0)

0)

50

4

to

T able

A .— K ind, quantity, and value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution—Continued

fcO

to

MAINE—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

state prison—continued

Other manufactured products________ _____
Canned fruits and vegetables _. ______
Do ____________________________
Repairs (harness)_____________ _______
Miscellaneous leather goods____________
Total

42
Pieces
Sets.

STATE REFORMATORY FOR MEN
_ __ ___________ ____________
. ..

0
10
1
0)
0

22,174

38
M

$1,149'
2,017'
10, 956
229
34

4
11

$1,149
20
61
5
8

1,230
220

0)
0)

19,158

100

924
4,643
796

5,780
212,736
0

150
134
2,703
0

750
1, 512
2,703
4,966

2,450

3,016

1, 400

5,780
225,702
0

$1,997
10,895
224
26

Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.

18

1
Pounds.
Dozen...
Pounds.

2
2

1,400

924
4,377
796

12, 966

266

150
45
2,703
(i)

750
450
2,703
4,908

89

1,062

392

2,450

392

7,308
3,281

1,900
524

6,423
3, 281

1,670
524

0

Pounds.
Pounds.

100

1,664

0

1,664

58

0)

885

230

STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN
Total

___________________

Clothing
____ ____ ____________
Aprons
-- _____________
Coats, dress
__________________
Dresses......................................................




18

3,892

4,026

11
Dozen.
Each..
Each___

34
11
488

60
18
382

34
11
488

60
18
382

134

Value

1940

Clay, cement, and stone products: Brick___
_____ __________________
Farm: Dairy
Beef, dressed________ ___ ___ _________
Milk, whole
______ _______________
Miscellaneous____________ ___ ___ ___
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Ensilage
________________________
Hay
___________________ ______
Potatoes
_________ ______________
Miscellaneous _______________________
Farm: Hogs
_________________________
_____________________
Pork, dressed
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs
__ ____________________ _
Poultry, dressed -_____________________
Furniture: Wood _______________________
Miscellaneous ________________ ______

(!)
1,240
'221
0)
0)

Quantity

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
. em­
ployed Quantity
Value

13
136
164

43
64
0)

13
136
164

3,176

148

3,176

148

9
90

90
91
2,300

9
90

90
91
2,300

Dozen.
Dozen.
Pounds.

43
64
0)

(2
)
4

Tons___
Bushels.
Pounds.
Dozen.

0)

(2
)

<9

703

(2
)
3

63

703

63

507

147

507

147

2

5
1
12
13

2
6
65
21
186

5
1
12
13

Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
C)

6
65
21
320

0)

0)

134

M A RYLAN D
ALL INSTITUTIONS
Total__ _________
_

See footnotes at end o f table.




906

_ .

Brooms, brushes, and mops__ ________
Brooms_________________ ________
Brushes__________ _____ _ . . . ___ _ _
Clothing, other than knit_______________
Aprons____ _ __
. ________ ____
Children’s play suits__________ ______
Coats, work . . . .
. __________ __
Gloves and mittens__ ___________ ..
Hats and caps___ __ __ __________
Labor only.. ____________________
Overalls. ._ __________________ .. .
Overcoats____ . . .
. . . _______
Pajamas and nightgowns_________ _
Pants, dress _ ____ _____ _________
Pants, work_____________ __________
Repairs __________ _______________
Shirts, dress_____ _______________ .. __
__________ _____
Shirts, work __
_ . . . __________ _
Shoes, new___
Shoes repaired___ __________________
Suits.
___
________ _________ ..
Underwear, men’s and boys’___________
Miscellaneous............................................

$1, 034, 613

26
Dozen...
Dozen.._
Dozen. _.
Dozen.. _
Dozen. _.
Doz. pr.
Dozen...
Dozen...
Each ...
Dozen...
Each___
Dozen...
Dozen...
Dozen...
Pairs___
Pairs___
Each___
Dozen...

115

$433, 612

48
766

354
2,754

48
766

354
2,754

56
14
437
1, 562
265
0)
575
145
13
37
546
0)
53
264
12,867
6,335
997
675
C)
1

298
97
6,234
4,237
924
963
5,940
617
106
196
6,244
936
474
1, 807
28,466
2,912
7,886
1,115
728

56
14
437
1,562
265
0)
575
145
13
37
546
(9
53
264
12,867
6,335
997
675
0)

298
97
6,234
4,237
924
963
5,940
617
106
196
6,244
936
474
1,807
28, 466
2,912
7,886
1,115
728

$594, 037

$6,964

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Handkerchiefs_________________
Underwear, men's and boys'____
Miscellaneous_________________
Farm: Dairy______________________
Milk, whole___________________
Farm: Field crops and garden______
Hay__________________________
Potatoes______________________
Miscellaneous_________________
Farm: Hogs______________________
Pork, dressed__________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products.
Eggs--------------------------------------Textile products..
Bags, cloth_
_
Pillowcases....
Sheets_______
Towels______
Miscellaneous.

fcO
CO

T able

A .—

K in d , q u a n t i t y , and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued

MARYLAND—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Value

Quantity

Value

0)

Quantity

State account
Quantity

$381, 537
106,000
106, 500

Piece price

Value

all institutions—continued

Clothing, knit____________________________
Hosiery______________________________
......
Sweaters...............
Underwear___________________________
Miscellaneous_______________________ _
Construction: Buildings______
________
Construction: Major repairs to roads_______
Construction: Roads.................................. .
Farm: Cattle_______________
_ __
Farm: Dairy.______ _____________________
Beef, dressed______ _____ _
...
Butter___________ ______
Cattle__________________
_
___
Cream_______________________
___
Ice cream______
Milk, whole__________________________
Miscellaneous_____________ _________
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Corn, field______________
___
______
Hay____________ ____ _
Potatoes___________________________
Wheat.. _________________________
Miscellaneous______________ _____
Farm: Hogs______ ____________________
Hogs_________ ___________________
Pork, dressed______________ _______ _
Farm: Poultry and poultry products___
Eggs______________________________
Poultry, dressed___________________
Poultry, live______________ ___________
Farm: Miscellaneous_______________ _____
Furniture: Metal___________________
Beds_____ ______ _______________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc______________
Miscellaneous___________ ______ _______




Doz. pr_
Dozen
Dozen...
M iles.. .
Miles. __
_
Head_
Pounds.
Pounds.
Head..
Pounds.
Gallons.
Pounds.
Bushels.
Tons
Bushels.
Bushels.
Head...
Pounds.
Dozen..
Pounds.
Head ._
Each
Each

24

191
41
41
1
31

118

15
6

(2
)
13

$2,434
1,297
1,654
237

2,899
165
326
0)
0)
21
29
34

$2,434
1,297
1,654
237
381, 537
106,000
106,500
3,248

2,899
165
326
0)

200
5, 577
58
20, 517
2,740
823, 039
0)

20
1, 562
2,624
3,078
1, 370
13, 574
2,664

200
5, 577

20
1, 562

20, 517
2,740
823, 039
0)

3, 078
1, 370
13, 574
2,664

5,575
343
17, 864
1, 640
0)

3, 345
4,080
15, 782
1, 279
16, 503

5, 575
343
17, 864
1,640
0)

3, 345
4,080
15, 782
1, 279
16, 503

95
105, 820

1, 383
9, 050

25
105,820

15,330
10,307
608
0)

3,022
1,978
1, 216
14

844
86
0).

5, 277
3,216
213

21
29

34

$3, 248

58

2,624

364
9,050

70

I, 019

15,162
10,307
608

2, 989
1,978
1, 216

168

33

844
86

5, 277
3, 216
213

0)

0)

14

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

^

16
70
118
1,281
30
7
119
0)
386
0)

152
927
1,820
4,469
626
480
2,941
1,828
4,813
3, 535

16
70
118
1,281
30
7
119
0)
386
0)

152
927
1,820
4,469
626
480
2,941
1,828
4,813
3, 535

1, 268
0)
0)

5,094
29
7,873

1,268
0)
0)

5,094
29
7, 873

Each_
_
Each_
_
Each_
_

912,906
4,042
2,811

61, 580
1,534
227

912, 906
4,042
2,811

61. 580
1, 534
227

Each___

52,000
0)
0)

14,160
7,898
3,893

52,000
0)
0)

14,160
7,898
3, 893

Each...'
Each___

1,393, 263
442,603
0)

3,741
1,370
40, 218

1, 393, 263
442, 603
0)

3, 741
1, 370
40, 218

541
4, 917

3, 300
18, 584

541
4,917

3,300
18, 584

Pounds.
Gallons.

447, 717
747

25,630
379

447, 717
747

25,630
379

Dozen...
Dozen...
Dozen...
Dozen...

5
68
68
202

56
136
322
121
384

5
68
68
202

56
136
322
121
384

Each___
Cases.. .
Gallons.

165,157
20,642
2,166
-0)
0)
31, 510

4, 227
32, 301
1, 224
576
17
10, 703

Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.

Tons.
Tons.

0)

Pounds.

0)
165,157
20,627
2,166
0)
0)
31, 510

4, 227
32, 275 •
1,224
576
17
10, 703

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Furniture: W ood_____ ___________________
Beds________________________________
Benches_____________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Chairs_______________________________
Chairs, upholstered___________________
Davenports, sofas, etc_________________
Desks.______________________________
Repairs______________________________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Laundry, commercial_____________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers,
and signs.
Auto license tags______________________
Signs________________________________
Tags, miscellaneous_____ ______ ______
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Beetle traps__________________________
Repairs (to beetle traps)_______________
Miscellaneous________________________
Printing and binding_____________________
Envelopes____________________________
Letterheads__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Quarrying and rock crushing______________
Lime and agricultural limestone________
Stone, building_______________________
Soap and Other detergents_________________
Soap_________________________________
Soap, liquid__________________________
Textile products______________ ___________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Other manufactured products______________
Boxes, paper________________________ _
Canned fruits and vegetables___________
Deodorants and disinfectants___________
Floor wax_____ 1_____________________
Repairs, miscellaneous________________
Tobacco, smoking and chewing_________

15

26

See footnotes at end of table.




to
Oi

T able

A .— K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued

fcO
C*

MARYLAND—Continued

Unit

HOUSE O CORRECTION
F
Total_________________________ _________-

STATE PENITENTIARY
Total_______ ______ __ _________________
Brooms, brushes, and m ops... .......... ...... ...
Brooms.. ___. . .
_________________ Dozen...
Brushes______________________________ Dozen...




16

127
346
2,525.
549
21
29

1,290
963
3, 560
750
749
106,000
106,500

200
286,629
0

78
3
22
21
(2
)
32

127

20
4,991
2,139

200
286.629
oi

20
4,991
2,139

5,945
0

5,055
6,897

5,945
(4

5, 055
6,897

31,330
0

1,973
7,873

31, 330
0)

1,973
7,873

447,717
747

25,630
379

447,717
747

25,630
379

4
202

36
121

4
202

36
121

6,358
2.166
oi
31,510

7,630
1,224
576
10,703

6,358
2.166
05
31,510

7,630
1,224
576
10, 703

0

246,745
48
766

354
2,754

Quantity

$82, 559
1, 290
963
3,560
750
749

346
26

Value

346
2,525
549

0

41
41
24

Quantity

$295,059

278

Public works and
ways

State use

246,745
48
766

354
2.754

Value

$212,500

21
29

106,000
106, 500

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

Clothing. _ _ _ ________________________
Coats, work______________ ________
Dozen.
Labor only__________________________
Pants, work____________ . . . _ _____
Dozen
Shoes,repaired_____ _ .
. . . _______ Pairs
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ___________ Dozen...
Construction: Major repairs to roads_______ M iles. _.
_____________ Miles
Construction: Roads.. .
Farm: D a ir y ...___________ _____________
Beef, dressed__________________
Pounds*.
Milk, whole____ ____________ _____ Pounds.
Miscellaneous________
___________
Farm: Field crops and garden___. . . ______
________ ___ __________
Potatoes
Bushels.
Miscellaneous________ ___ ___________
Farm: Hogs
__________ .. _______ _
Pork, dressed_______ _____________ . Pounds.
Laundry, commercial__ ___________________
Soap and other detergents_________________
Soap
__________________ _____ Pounds.
_________________________ Gallons.
Soap, liqu id
Textile products _______________________ •
_
Sheets
_________________________ Dozen
Towels
_________ ________ _____ Dozen
Other manufactured products ___________
Canned fruits and vegetables___________ Cases
Deodorants and disinfectants__________ Gallons.
Floor wax________ ____ .
______. . .
Tobacco, smoking and chewing........... .
Pounds.

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

See footnotes at end of table.




DozenDozen,.
Dozen..
Doz. pr.
Dozen..
DozenEach...
DozenE ach-.
DozenDozen.
Dozen.
Pairs „
Pairs..
EachDozen.

56
14
310
1,562
265
575
145
13
37

(9

20
0

53
264
12,867
3,810
997
126

(9

Doz. pr.
Dozen..
Dozen..

Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.

(9

53
264
12,867
3,810
997
126

(9
2,899
165
326

2,434
1,297
1,654
237

(9

844

5,277
3,216
213

(9

(9

8
6

16
70
118
1,281
30
7
119

t1
)
(9

386

152
927
1,820
4,469
626
480
2,941
1,828
4,813
3,535

1,268

5,094
29

Each.
Each.
Each.

912, 906
4,042
2,811

Each.

52,000

Each.

56
14
310
1, 562
265
575
145
13
37
200

2,899
165
326

(9
Each.
Each.

298
97
4,944
4,237
924
5,940
617
106
196
2,684
936
474
1,807
28,466
2,162
7,886
366
728

(9

(9
(9

298
97
4,944
4,237
924
5,940
617
106
196
2,684
936
474
1,807
28,466
2,162
7,886
366
728
2,434
1,297
1,654
237

844
86

5,277
3,216
213

16
70
118
1,281
30
7
119

152
927
1,820
4,469
626
480
2,941
1,828
4,813
3, 535

(9

(9

386

1,268

5,094
29

61,580
1,534
227

912, 906
4,042
2,811

61, 580
1, 534
227

14,160
7, 898
3,893

52,000

APPEN DIX A — GENERAL TABLES

Clothing, other than knit________________
Aprons_____________________________
Children’s playsuits_________________
Coats, work________________________
Gloves and mittens__________________
Hats and caps______________________
Overalls____________________________
Overcoats__________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns_____________
Pants, dress________________________
Pants, work_________________________
Repairs_______ ____ ________________
Shirts, dress___ ____ ________________
Shirts, work_________________________
Shoes, new__________________________
Shoes repaired_______________________
Suits-.______________________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ __________
Miscellaneous_______________________
Clothing, knit__________________________
Hosiery______________ _______________
Sweaters____________________________
Underwear_______ __________________
Miscellaneous_______________________
Furniture: Metal_______________________
Beds_______________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc______________
Miscellaneous_______________________
Furniture: W ood_______________________
Beds_______________________________
Benches____________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc______________
Chairs______________________________
Chairs, upholstered__________________
Davenports, sofas, etc________________
Desks_______________________________
Repairs_____________________________
Tables______________________________
Miscellaneous_______________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood_____
Mattresses__________________________
Miscellaneous_______________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers
and signs.
Auto license tags_____________________
Signs_______________________________
Tags, miscellaneous__________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous___________
Beetle traps_________________________
Repairs (to beetle traps)______________
Miscellaneous_______________________

14,160
7,898
3,893

(9

<9
(9

to

128

T a b l e A .— K in d , quantity , and value o f articles produced in State p rison s , 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued

MARYLAND—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

state penitentiary—continued

Printing and binding ... ____ _ . __.. . .
Envelopes. _ ___________ _____
_ .. Each
Letterheads ............. - ____________
Miscellaneous_________________ ___ _
Textile
- _______ ____________
Bags, cloth.._______________________
Dozen
Pillowcases . ___________ ________ .. Dozen
Sheets........ ........ . _ _______ ________ Dozen
Miscellaneous ____ .
__. . .
Other manufactured products ____ _______
Boxes, paper __ _____ _____________ Each
Repairs, miscellaneous__________ _____

30

5

1

1,393,263
442,603
(9

$3,741
1,370
40,218

1,393,263
442,603
(9

$3,741
1,370
40,218

5
68
64

56
136
286
384

5
68
64

56
136
286
384

165,157
(9

4, 227
17

165,157
(9

4,227
17

(9

(9

state penal farm

Construction: Buildings. _________________
Farm: Cattle___________ _________________
Farm: Dairy................ .............. .....................
Butter _______ ________________ _____ _
Cattle_________ __________ ___________
C ream ..... ............ ......... ..... ............. .
Ice cream
_________ _____ _____ __
Milk, whole............................ ...............
Miscellaneous ___________ _________
Farm: Field crops and garden. __________
Corn, field.. ____ __________________ .
Hay__ ________ ___________________ .
Potatoes.
___________________ ___ _
Wheat________ ____ ______________ ___
Miscellaneous______ _____ ___________
Farm: Hogs. _ ________________________
Hogs_____ _______ __________________
Pork, dressed............................................




Head__
Pounds.
Head. _
Pounds..
Gallons .
Pounds.
Bushels .
Tons. __
Bushels .
Bushels.

492,809

191
1
7

34

381, 537
3,248

5, 577
58
20, 517
2, 740
536,410
(9

1, 562
2,624
3,078
1,370
8, 583
525

5, 577

1, 562

20, 517
2, 740
536,410
(9

3,078
1,370
8,583
525

5,575
343
11,919
1,640
(9
Q
C
74,490

3,345
4,080
10, 727
1,279
9,606

5,575
343
11,919
1,640
(9

3,345
4,080
10, 727
1,279
9,606

1,383
7,077

25
74,490

364
7,077

40

12
Head. _
Pounds.

(9

104,308

$6,964

$381,537
(9

381, 537

34

3, 248.

58

2,624

70

1,019

Quantity

Value

1940

282

Total __________________________________

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATE S,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Farm: Poultry and poultry products—..........
Eggs............................... .............. ...........
Poultry.................. ..................... ..............
Farm: Miscellaneous................ ................... .
Quarrying and rock crushing_______________
Lime and agricultural limestone. .......... _
Stone, building______________________
Other manufactured products.___________
Canned fruits and vegetables...................

Dozen

Tons___
Tons.
Cases...

6

3,022
3,194
14

15,162

541
4,917

3,300
18, 584

541
4,917

3, 300
18,584

14,284

24,671

14,269

24,645

15,330
(2
)
17
8

(9

0)

168

2,989
3,194

(9

33
14

(9

15

26

MASSACHUSETTS

Brooms, brushes, and m ops............. ..............
Brushes____1_______................................
Do...................... ...... ........... .
Clay, cement, and stone products..................
Cemetery vaults....... ...................... ......
Concrete pipe_________________________
Concrete posts_______________________
Grave markers._________ _____________
Miscellaneous_____________ ___________
Clothing, other than k n i t . .................... ........
Aprons__________ ________ ___________
Bathrobes_ _____ ___________________
_
Coats, dress.............. ......... ....................
Coats, work..............................................
Dresses......... ..........................................
Hats and caps........ .............. .....................
Leather articles, miscellaneous...............
Neckties___________________ _________
Overalls_________________ ____________
Overcoats___________ ____ ______ ____
Pajamas and nightgowns...___________
Pants, dress................................................
Pants, work..................................... .........
Shirts, work.... .......................... ................
Shoes, new..................................................
Shoes repaired................... .......................
Suits................................. ................. ........
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ______ ____
Underwear, women's and children’s____
Vests. ....................... ............................
Miscellaneous________________ ________

1,801
Dozen
Each___

Dozen
Dozen _
Each___
Dozen _
Each___
Dozen .
Dozen _
Pairs___
Each___
Dozen
Dozen _
Each___

$2,821

$1,827,402

1,567

35,110
751

1,567
0)

35,110
738

(9

13

236

52

1,652
17,897
18,172
1,800
4,483

236

1,652
17,897
18,172
1,800
4,304

(9

179

(9

<
9

Each___
Each___
Dozen
Dozen. _
Each___
Dozen
Each___
Dozen _

$1,830, 223

41

13,328
180
372

(9

127
89
2,376
2,022
1,269
1,597

(9

92
981
4,569
1,033
2,240
1,266
1,425
153,153
(9
1,610
758
139
7,464

(9

1,119
2,926
15,372
58,592
937
716
1,676
275
15,314
37,989
12,171
8,695
43,756
17,104
265,462
850
16,861
2,338
1,058
15, 720
3,769

(9

13,328
180
0)
127
89
2,376
2,022
1,269
1,597

<
9

92
981
4,569
1,033
2,240
1,266
1,425
153,153
(9
1,610
758
139
7,464
0)

1,119
2,926
15,372
58,592
937
716
1,676
275
15,314
37,989
12,171
8,695
43,756
17,104
265,462
850
16,8Q
1
2,338
1,058
15, 720
3, 769

APPEN DIX A— GENERAL TABLES

ALL INSTITUTIONS
T o ta l............................................................

See footnotes at end of table.




CO

T a b l e A .— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued

CO

o

MASSACHUSETTS—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price

Value

all institutions—continued




134

59
Pounds.
Pounds.
Head
Pounds.
Tons
Tons
Bushels .
Bushels.

284

18
Pounds.
Dozen
Pounds .
Head. _
Each...
Each..
Each___

32

27

$12,073
28,360
287,795
7, 759

9,858
15,836
73,736
(9

$12,073
28,360
287, 795
7, 759

37,045
1,932
63
2,211,809
(9

3, 569
676
3,460
96,497
231

37,045
1,932
20
2, 211,809

3, 569
676
3,000
96,497

12,434
21,612
14,622
1,454
32, 714

1,475
1,656
23,059
1,616
(9

12, 434
21, 612
14,622
1,454
32, 714

172,994

15, 614

172, 994

15, 614

77,102
59, 609
7, 200

23, 572
12,425
1,718

77,102
59, 609
7,200

23, 572
12,425
1,718

586
22
948

6, 558
498
6, 719
624
189
634

586
22
948
29
1, 267

6, 558
498
6, 719
624
189
634

64
21
6,903
92

1,350
367
14,411
404

64
21
6,903
92

1,350
367
14,411
404

1,475 ^
1,656
23,059
1,616
(9

(9

Each___
Each ..
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___

9,858
15,836
73,736
(9

29
1,267

Doz. pr

123

43
(9

(9

$460
231

Value

1940

Gloves and mittens____________ ____ __
Hosiery______________________________
Underwear___________________________
M iscellaneous________________________
Farm: Dairy_____________________________
Beef, dressed_________________________
Butter _ ____- _____________________
Cattle
___________________________
Milk, whole__________________________
• Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden. ___________
Ensilage.... ...............................................
______________________________
Hay
Potatoes. ____________________ _______
Wheat __________________________ .
Miscellaneous__________________ ____ _
Farm: Hogs
_________________________
Pork, dressed.
_____________________
Farm* Poultry and poultry products_______
______________________________
Eggs
Poultry, dressed ____________________
Poultry, live.
. ..
.
_
Furniture: Metal_________________________
Beds
____________________________
Cabinets ___________________________
Lockers
_______________ ________
Shelving
_________________________
Tables
_________________________
Wastebaskets______ _____ ____________
Furniture: Wood . _____________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc ________ _______
__________ __________
Bookcases
Chairs
_________ ______ _________
Costumers.............. .................... .........

Quantity

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATE S,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

i

Castings_____ ____ _____
Galvanized ware...................
Do___________________
Tinware____ _____ ________
Do___________________
Miscellaneous............. ..........
Printing and binding__________
Envelopes________________
Letterheads_______________
Miscellaneous_____________
Soap and other detergents: Soap
Textiles_______________ ______
Blanket?__________________
Cloths—mop, polish, etc___
Cotton yard goods, light___
Gauze bandage____________
Wool yard goods............. —
Yarn, cotton______________
Yarn, wool________ ____ ___
Miscellaneous....... ........... .....
Textile products_____ ______ ___
Bags, canvas laundry______
Flags______ ______ ________
Pillowcases...........................
Repairs..................................
Sheets............................. .......
Spreads..................................
Towels........ .........................
Miscellaneous....................... .
Wood products...... ........... ..........
Wood, fuel___________ ____ _
Miscellaneous_______ _____
See footnotes at end of table.




71
372
0)

479
629

(0

1, 796
13, 291
1,578
4,546
3, 704
2, 391

71
372
(0

479
629

0)

1,796
13, 291
1,380
4, 546
3, 704
2, 391

1,880
777

Dozen
E achDozen.
Dozen.
EachDozen.
(2
)

9,878
0)
1, 720, 727
17, 348
(0
207
(0
0)

6, 019
3,009
52, 594
18,165
969
158
109
7,987

42
471
11, 374
725

,666
641, 500
o:
263, 640

60.121
11, 275
26,026
603
38, 528
7,232
99
1,705

18,977
42, 538
100,408
2, 350
34, 423
24,108
198
(0

60,121
11, 275
26,026
603
38, 528
7,232
99
1,705

1,639
24, 404
5, 210
93
28,154
10, 931
13,334
3, 274

74
4,421
2,036
0)
2,346
12,492
4,667
(0

1,639
23, 234
5, 210
93
28,154
10,931
13, 334
3,186

427

42
471
11, 374
725

74
4,503
2,036
0)
2,346
12,492
4,667
(0

Each___
Pounds.
Sq. yd_.
Pounds .
Sq. y d ..
Pounds.
Pounds.

6,019
3, 009
52, 594
18,165
969
158
109
8,414

(0

165,085
37,639
520

18,977
42, 538
100,408
2, 350
34,423
24,108
198
(0

Pounds.

1, 965, 583
0)
135,000

22,000
641, 500
0)
283,640

Each.
Each.

165,085
37,639
520

198

9, 748
1,108
9 19, 861

9,878
(0
1,720, 727
17,348
(0
207
(0
(0

Pieces.

1,880
777

1,965,583
(0
135,000

Pounds
Pieces..

9, 748
1,108
919,861

(0

(0
(0

55
30

22

(0

30

82

1,170

(0
1

A P P E N D I X A -- G E N E R A L T A B L E S

Davenports, sofas, e tc.............................. Each.
Desks....................... ....................... ....... Each.
Repairs__________ ______________ _____
Tables........ ............................................. Each.
Venetian blinds......................... ............... Each.
Miscellaneous_______ ____ ____________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses...................... .............. ........... . Each.
Pillows______________________________ Each.
Laundry, commercial_________ ____ ______
Metal products: Tags, highway markers,
and signs.
Auto license tags______ ______ ___ _____ Each.
Highway markers..................... ...............
Tags, miscellaneous................................... Each.
Metal products: Miscellaneous......................
Aluminum ware................. ..................... Pieces.

88

(0

55

CO

T able A .— K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued

CO

to

MASSACHUSETTS—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

ALL institutions—continued
Other manufactured products.
_________
Canned fruits and vegetables
Do....... .............. r_____ ____________
Trunks, laundry (canvas).
—




17

Each

Each
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Head
Pounds.
Tons
Tons
Bushels.

460
40

$15,276
6,565
1,449

7,847
<9
232

226,539

$15,276
6,565
1,449

29

3

$130

226,409

1,202
31
1,639
92
517
253
390
143
164
432
0)

8,328
369
585
275
4,468
8,233
1,560
1,720
556
864
174

1,202
31
1,539
92
517
253
390
143
164
432
0)

8,328
369
585
275
4,468
8,233
1,560
1, 720
556
864
174

27
385,919

1,875
15,437

12
385,919

1,800
15, 437

491
204
4,840
0)

4, 246
3,060
2,904
3, 797

491
204
4,840
0)

4,246
3,060
2.904
3,797

36,793

10

Pounds.
Each .
Each
Each___
Each ..
Each___

7,847
o
232

4,047

36, 793

4,047

21

367
1,350
14,318
404
1,796

21

367
1.350
14,318
404
1, 796

116
64
6,900
92
71

64
6,900
92
71

15

75

Value

1940

REFORMATORY FOR MEN
T ota l.............................................................. .
Clothing
. . ...
Cents, dress
..... _ ...
Cents, work
Hats and ca p s___________________
Neckties_________________________
Overcoats_________________________ _
Pants, work
Pants, dress_______________________ _
Shirts, work____ ____________________
Underwear, men’sand boys’ __________
Vests, men’s__________________________
Miscellaneous_________________ ____ __
Farm: Dairy____________________________
Cattle._____ _________________________
Milk, whole_______ _____ _____________
Farm: Field crops and garden______ _______
Ensilage....................................................
Hay................ —_____ ______ _____ _____
Potatoes_____________________________
Miscellaneous__________________ ______
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Perk, dressed _ _
_
Furniture: Wood
Bookcases___________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, ate
Chairs______ _______________________
Costumers..
___
._ _ ____________
Davenports, sofas, etc...............................

Cases__

Quantity

P R I S O N L A B O R IN T H E U N I T E D STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Desks............... .........................................
Tables..........................................- .........
Miscellaneous..... ................................... .
Textiles___________________________ ______
Blankets_____________________________
Cotton yard goods, light----------------------Wool yard goods -------------------------- —
Yam, cotton....... .............. . . ........... .........
Yam, wool............. ...................................
Miscellaneous_________ _______ ____ ___
Wood products: Wood, fuel________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

jsacn..
Each..
Each—
Sq. yd.
Sq. yd_
Pounds.
Pounds.

260

<)
2

2

18,977
61,415
34,070
24,108
198
0)

8

Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
EachDozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Doz. pr.
Pounds _
Pounds _

26
10

EachDozen.

li'

36

Dozen.
Each..
Dozen.
3

13, 291
4, 546
2,391

18,977
61,415
34,070
24,108
198
0

60,121
15,261
38,395
7,232
99
1,705

0

2, 710

55

0

1, 258

189,376

127
89
162
1,269
58
1,033
1,282
594
139
0)
15,836

1,119
2,926
2,423
937
131
12,171
15,384
1,782
1,058
1, 813
28,360

127
►
9
162
1,269
58
1,033
1,282
594
139
0
15,836

1,119
2,926
2.423
937
131
12,171
15,384
1,782
1,058
1,813
28,360

1,932
174,824

676
15,017

1,932
174,824

676
15,017

3
Dozen...
Pounds.
_
Head_

60,121
15,261
38,395
7,232
99
1,705
55
2,710

372
479
0)

190,634

109
20

13, 291
4, 546
2,391

0)

1, 572

0

1, 572

26,882
23, 778
7,200

9,408
5,281
1,718

26,882
23, 778
7,200

9,408
5,281
1, 718

4,503
2,036
0)
2,346
12,492
4,667

24, 404
5,210
93
28,154
10,931
13,334
2,877
3,855

4,421
2,036
0
2,346
12,492
4,667
0)
0

23,234
5,210
93
28,154
10,931
13,334
2,789
3,855

V
)
0)

82

0

AP P E N D I X A— G E N E R A L TABLES

REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN
Total................. ..............................................
Clothing, other than knit................................
Aprons_________ ______ _____ __________
Bathrobes— ................. ........... ........... ......
Coats, work______ ___________________
Dresses........... ............................................
Hats and caps___________________ _____
Pajamas and nightgowns_______ _______
Shirts, work________________ ____ _____
Underwear, men’sand boys’ ___________
Underwear, women’sand children’s........
Miscellaneous____________________ ____
Clothing, knit: Hosiery____ ___ ____ _______
Farm: Dairy________ ______ ____ ____ _____
Butter____ _______ ____ _____ ____ _____
Milk, whole__________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden______________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs__________________________ _____ _
Poultry, dressed______________________
Poultry, live (baby chicks)_____________
Textile products__________________________
Flags........... ........... .................... ..............
Pillowcases.......................................... ......
Repairs.......................................... ............
Sheets. ................................. ......................
Spreads....................................................
Towels______ _____ _________________
Miscellaneous_________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

372
479
0)

1,170

88

See footnotes at end of table.




CO
CO

T

able

A .— K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued

CO

MASSACHUSETTS—Continued

Unit

STATE PRISON
Total

235

Value

Each.
Each.
108

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

$992,169

1,694
0)
927
2,881
695
153,153
0)
335
7,032
0)

51,358
1,676
13, 376
24, 533
28,001
265,462
850
4, 255
14,856
572

1,694
0)
927
2,881
695
153,153
0)
335
7,032
0)

51,358
1,676
13, 376
24, 533
28, 001
265,462
850
4, 255
14,856
572

9, 858
73, 736
0)

12,073
287, 795
7,759

9, 858
73,736
0)

12,073
287, 795
7,759

1,965, 583
0)
135,000

Dozen.
Each..
Dozen.
Pairs. .

Doz.pr.
Dozen..

Quantity

Public works and
ways

165,085
37,639
520

1,965, 583
0)
135, 000

165,085
37,639
520

1,720, 727

52, 594

1, 720, 727

52, 594

22,000
641, 500
0)

42
471
11,374

22,666
641,500
0)

42
471
11, 374

42, 538
2,350

11, 275
603

42,538
2,350

11, 275
603

102

Each.
Each.
Pounds.
Each.
Each.

73
34

4

Pounds _
Pounds-

1940




Dozen.

State use

$992,169

556

Clothing, other than knit__________ _______
Coats, work___________________ 1--------Leather articles, miscellaneous_________
Overalls_____________________________
Overcoats--------------- -------------------------Pants, work__________________________
Shoes, new.------- -------------------------------Shoes repaired___ ____ ________________
Suits________________ ____________ —
Vests, men's................ ........................ .
Miscellaneous. __......................................
Clothing, knit_ _____ ___________________
_
Gloves and mittens-------------- ------ ------Underwear. ---------- ----------------------------Miscellaneous___ ____ ________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers,
and signs.
Auto license tags________ _____________
Highway markers_____________________
Tags, miscellaneous----------------------------Metal products: Miscellaneous------------------Castings_____________________________
Printing and binding------------- -----------------Envelopes----------------------------------------Letterheads..... ......... ...............................
Miscellaneous_______________ ________
Textiles-------------------- ------ ------ ---------------Cloths—mop, polish, etc_______________
Gauze bandage....................................—

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

................. 1
..................

STATE PRISON COLONY
Total_____ _______________________ _______

247, 642

349
Dozen

$1, 226

246, 416

41
52

Each
Each

See footnotes at end o f table.




Pounds.

77

9

Pounds.
23
Tons
Tons
Bushels.
3
Pounds.
Dozen
dressed _
Pounds.
Each
Each
Each

2
_ _ _
27

Each___
Each___
Each___

1,567
(>)

35,110
738

G)

13

236

(0
13,328
180
0)

1, 652
17,897
18,172
1, 800
4,483

G)
13, 328
180
G)

1, 652
17,897
18,172
1,800
4,304

G)

179

1,174
135
54
1,171
1,850
318
1,275
G)

7,044
4, 442
1,938
8,988
7,135
7, 522
12, 606
1, 210

1,174
135
54
1,171
1, 850
318
1,275
G)

7,044
4,442
1,938
8,988
7,135
7,522
12, 606
1, 210

5,495
G)
423, 752
G)

495
1,585
16,950
24

5,495
G)
423, 752

495
1, 200
16,950

G)

385

G)

24

619
191
2,623
G)

4,903
3, 371
2,361
3,513

619
191
2,623
G)

4,903
3,371
2,361
3, 513

15, 622

1,875

15,622

1,875

2,569
3,494

822
874

2,569
3,494

822
874

586
22
948

6,558
498
6,719
624
189
634

586
22
948

6,558
498
6,719
624
189
634
G)

198

G)

29
1,267

Each___
Each___
Each___

35,110
751

7

14

629

93
1,578
3, 704

801
82

6,308
195

3
G)

G)

29
1,267
3

G)

629

93
1, 380
3, 704

801
82

APPEN DIX A ---- GENERAL TABLES

Suits
Miscellaneous
Farm: Dairy
Beef, dressed
____
__________________
Cattle
Milk, whole
Miscellaneous
__ ___________
Farm: Field crops and garden
Ensilage
Hay
Potatoes
Miscellaneous__________ ____________
Farm: Hogs
Pork, dressed
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs
Poultry,
Furniture: Metal
_ ____
_ _
Beds
_
.
_ ___
Cabinets, storage
Lockers. _ _
Shelving.. __
Tables...
...
. . .
Wastebaskets. _
____ _ _ _ _
Furniture: W ood.........................................
Chairs............
..............................
Repairs_________ ___________________
Venetian blinds _ ________ _ ______ _
Furniture: Other than metal or wood
Mattresses.______________________
Pillows...________ _______________ ____

Each
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Each
Dozen
Each

1, 567
G)
236

Do

6, 308
195
00
Oi

T able

A.— Kind,

quantity, amZ va/ae of articles produced in Stateprisons, 1940, fey State, system, an<Z institution— Continued

CO
05

MASSACHUSETTS—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

state prison colony—continued

Laundry, commercial_____________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous............. _____
Aluminum ware________ _____________
D o........ .............. ......... ......................
Galvanized ware______________________
D o......................... ....................... —
Tinware.....................................................
D o....................................................__
Miscellaneous.. _______________________
Textile products_____ ___________________ _
Bags, canvas laundry__________________
Miscellaneous_______ ________________
Wood products: Miscellaneous............. ..........
Other manufactured products: Trucks, laun­
dry (canvas).

Pieces...
Pieces...
Pieces—
.




4

Dozen...
Each___

STATE FARM
Total..............................................................
Farm: Dairy___ ____ ________________ ____
Beef, dressed............... ........... ........... ........
Milk, whole...... ........................................
Miscellaneous___________ ____ _________
Farm: Field crops and garden........................
_______ _____ ______ _
Ensilage____ _
Hay_________ _____ __________________
Potatoes__ ____ ______________________
Wheat_________ ___________________ .
Miscellaneous__________ ____ _________
Farm: Hogs..____ ______ _________________
Pork, dressed____________________ ____
Farm: Poultry and poultry products______
Eggs__________ ______________________
Poultry, dressed........................................

23
64

(2
)

3

$12,661

0)

6,019
3,009
18,165
969
158
109
8,414

9,878
(■)
17,348
0)
207
0)
0)

6,019
3,009
18,165
969
158
109
7,987

74

1,639
397
30
1,449

74

1,639
397
30
1,449

0)
0)

232

327
Pounds.
Pounds.
Tons___
Tons _.
Bushels .
Bushels.
Pounds.
Dozen
Pounds.

30

229

12
i§

$12,661

0)

9,878
0)
17,348
0)
207
0)
(l)

8

232

173, 239

0)

207

173,032

31,550
1,227.314
c5

3,074
49,093
207

31,550
1,227, 314

3,074
49,093

365
1,261
15,596
1,616
0)

3,285
15,181
9,357
1,454
23,832

365
1,261
15,596
1,616
0)

3,285
15,181
9,357
1,454
23,832

120,579

9,692

120,579

9,692

47,651
32,337

13, 342
6,270

47,651
32,337

13,342
6,270

$427

0)

207

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED (STATES, 1 9 4 0

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

_
Each_
Each_
_
Pounds.
Pounds.
Sq. yd._
Sq. yd_.
Cases.. .

3
11
2
9
12

1,079
695
425,000
263,640

3,440
913
7,200
725

1,079
695
425,000
263,640

3,440
913
7,200
725

38,993
353
7,847

10,765
133
15, 276

38,993
353
. 7,847

10,765
133
15, 276

MICHIGAN
Total..

ALL INSTITUTIONS
_____ _____________

_______

Brooms, brushes, and mops_____ ________
Brooms____________ 1_________________ Dozen.
Brushes______________________________ Dozen.
Clay, cement, and stone products__________
________
Each.. .
Concrete blocks ________
Miscellaneous._____ ___________________
Clothing, other than knit___________ ______
Dozen..
Aprons
.. _________ __________
Coats, work__________________________ Dozen. _.
Dresses........... _ ____________ _______ Each___
Gloves and mittens
__
_ __
Doz. pr._
Handkerchiefs______ _ ___________ .. . Dozen. __
Dozen
Hats and caps
____
___
Labor only
____ _ . . _.
Overalls
_ .
_ ___
_
__ Dozen _
Overcoats
___ _ _ ____
Each _.
Pajamas and nightgowns____ _ ___
Dozen..
Pants, dress __ _ _______ _ ________
Each _ _
Pants, work
________ ________
Dozen..
Shirts, dress___ __________
__ _____ Dozen.
Shirts, work_ _ _ ________ _ ______
_
Dozen..
Shoes, new.______ _________________ __ Pairs___
Shoes repaired. __________
__ . . . .
Pairs___
Suits_________ _______________________ Each___
Underwear, men’s and boys’ _
____ Dozen. __
Underwear, women’s and children’s ..
Dozen. _
Each___
Uniforms
_
______
____
Miscellaneous
___
. _
Clothing, knit
.
____
_______
Doz. pr.
Hosiery __
____
_ ______
Underwear __
_____ ___ Dozen __
Construction: Buildings
Each___
Cordage: Binder twine................ ......... ......... Pounds.
See footnotes at end o f table.




2,294
11
5
335

14
...
12
111

$1,879, 327

$1, 528, 743

389
755

2, 598
5,099

389
755

360
20

6,017
(0

360
20

202
1,271
4,828
3,135
2,823
1,143
0)
1,263
4,558
1,912
451
2,170
662
2,538
15, 346
26,400
4,326
49
986
615
0)

878
21,026
3,002
4,402
2,226
2,580
450
8, 373
22,017
8, 619
1,511
28,785
5,562
19, 508
35,848
10, 725
37,947
276
2, 535
10,977
879

202
1,271
4,828
3,135
2,823
1,143
0)
1,263
4,558
1,912
451
2,170
662
2,538
15,346
26,400
4,326
49
986
615
(9

878
21,026
3,002
4,402
2,226
2,580
450
8,373
22,017
8,619
1,511
28,785
5,562
19, 508
35,848
10, 725
37,947
276
2, 535
10,977
879

6,900
2,627
2
4, 796,350

8,124
8, 270
20,140
292,577

6,900
2,627

8,124
8,270

$330,444

2, 598
5,099

6,017
(>)

$20,140

3, 650 :

241

2

20,140

4, 792, 700

292, 336

A P P E N D I X A -- G E N E R A L T A B L E S

408102°-—42----- 10

Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Pillows_____________ _____ ___________
Laundry, commercial___________ __________
Soap and other detergents: Soap___________
Textiles____________________ ____ ________
Cotton yard goods, light_______________
Wool yard goods______________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

T

a

A.—K in d , quantity ,
b
l

va/w o/ articles produced
e e

in State p riso n s , 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system ,

and institution-

-Continued

CO
oo

M IC H IG A N —Continued




Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.
Head...
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.
Bushels.
Bushels.
Bushels.
Tons___
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.
Bushels
Tons...
Tons...
Bushels

(2
)
137

627

H e a d ...
Pounds.
D ozen..
Pounds.
Head....
Each..
Each..
Each..

24

180

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

353

$43

353

6, 294
1,739
13,178
5, 556
3,194
101, 923
1,690

54,497
6,955
148
,27,043
319,428
4,612,322
0)

6,294
1,739
10, 728
5, 556
3,194
101, 923
1, 690

2,806
150
36, 625
3,146
34
2,719
11, 702
57,120
490
806
5,871
(0

1,464
1,500
12, 704
12,274
102
17,623
3,129
38,428
1, 770
7,657
3, 994
50, 583

2,806
150
36,625
3,146
34
2,719
11, 702
57,120
490
806
5,871
0)
1,318
384,220
0)

11,363
32, 946
91

49,594
15,116
5, 297
0)

9,635
2,558
3,705
3,500

49,594
15,116
5,238
0)

9,635
2,558
3,654
3, 500

1,823
500
158

18,067
12,500
134

1,823
500
158

18,067
12,500
134

Value

17,623
3,129
38,428
1,770
7, 657
3, 994
50,583

11,363
32,946
91

Quantity

1,464
1, 500
12, 704
12, 274

1, 318
384, 220
0)

Value

Piece price

$43

54,497
6,955
189
27,043
319,428
4,612, 322
0)

Quantity

State account

41

$2,450

59

51

12
0

Quantity

Value

1940

all institutions—continued
Farm: Cattle--------------------------------Beef, dressed___________________
Farm: Dairy______________________
Beef, dressed___________________
Butter_________________________
Cattle-------------------------------------Cream_________________________
Milk, skimmed------------------------Milk, whole____________________
Miscellaneous---------------------------Farm: Field crops and garden_______
Barley____________________ ____
Clover seed____________________
Corn, field_____________________
Ensilage_______________________
Fodder_________________________
Hay___________________________
Oats__________________________
Potatoes---------------------------------Straw-------------------------------------Sugar beets____________________
Wheat________________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Farm: Hogs_______________________
Hogs__________________________
Pork, dressed------ ---------------------Miscellaneous---------------------------Farm: Poultry and poultry products..
Eggs------------ --------------------------Poultry, dressed------------------------Poultry, live-----------------------------Farm: Miscellaneous-----------------------Furniture: Metal----------------------------Beds---------------------------------------Cabinets_______________________
Waste baskets---------------------------Furniture: Wood_______ _______ ____

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

See footnotes at end of table.




Each..
EachEach..
EachEach..

1

40
31,309
181
387
(9

Each..
Each_...
Pounds

4,259

18

E ach Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.

2,896

24
~307’

172,900

17,503
398
6,912

172,900

(9

241,282
82,237

4,610,316
40,172
11,741
464
2,627,827
346,551

42,035
10

743,149
300

42,035
10

783, 503
19, 317
116, 235
377, 977

124,072
6,281
62, 971
77, 595

783, 503
19, 317
116,235
377,977

124,072
6,281
62,971
77, 595

4,328
50

2,681
100
1,176
1,439
153
411
11,202
7,934
3,071

4, 328
50

2,681
100
1,176
1,439
153
411
11,202
7,934
2,571

10, 302

2,307
691
17,180

743,149
300

3,030

3, 234
3,474

2,307
691
17; 180

23,692

241,282
82,237

3,234
3,474

23,692

17,503
398
6,912

2,896
0)

(9

(9

1,056
57
154
1,226
4,343

(9

Each..

2, 325

Cases.

36,477

(9
(9
(9

Pounds.

1.229

05

2,627,827
346, 551

Each..
Each..

Dozen _
Each...

(9

55
756
42, 223
5,310
12,075
4,650
17,174
6,758

11,741
464

Pieces. .
Each...

Sq. yd...
Sq. yd._.
Sq. yd...
Pounds.

1

40
7,617
181
387

4,610,316
40,172

31
134

Each..
Each-

Pounds
Gallons.

(9

55
756
65,915
5, 310
12,075
4,650
27,476
6,758

(9

66.648

1,163
2,335
68,212
3,134
122
3, 376
16.983

(9

(9

1,056
57
154
1,226
4,343

(9

100

50
2,335

36,477

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Benches_____________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Chairs_______________________________
Davenports, sofas, etc-------------------------Desks_______________________________
Repairs______________________________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Laundry, commercial_____________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags______________________
Highway markers_____________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Aluminum ware______________________
Animal cages_________________________
Printing and binding_____________________
Envelopes____________________________
Letterheads__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Soap and other detergents_________________
Soap_________________________________
Soap, liquid__________________________
Textiles_________________________________
Cotton yard goods, light_______________
Duck and canvas_____________________
Wool yard goods______________________
Yarn, cotton_________________________
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Flags________________________________
Do_______________________________
Mattress covers_______________________
Mopheads____________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Wood products___________________________
Crutches_____________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Other manufactured products______________
Canned fruits and vegetables___________
Do_______________________________
Insecticides, deodorants, and related
chemical compounds.
Snow fence___________________________
Tobacco, smoking and chewing_________

(9

2,225

500
1,113

68,212
3,134
122

(9
(9
(9
(9

66.648

3, 376
16. 983

oo
CO

T

a

A.— K in d ,
b

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued
l
e

M IC H IG A N — Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

STATE REFORMATORY

Total___ ________________________________

401

Clothing____________________________ ____
Aprons____________ _______ ____ ______
Coats, work_____ _____________ ______
Dresses______ ____ ___________________
Gloves and mittens________ _____ _____
Handkerchiefs_________ _______ _____
Hats and caps________ _________ _____
Labor only_______________ ____ ______
Overalls._____ _______________ ____ ___
Overcoats____________________________
Pajamas and n ig h tg o w n s ._ ...J._____
Pants, work__________________________
Shirts, dress________________________ _
Shirts, work___ ______________________
Shoes repaired____ __________________ _
Suits______________ . . . . . . . _______
Underwear, men’s and boys’ __________
Underwear, women’s and children’s........
Miscellaneous_______________________
Construction: Buildings____ ____ _________
Farm: Dairy_ ______ ____________ _______
_
Cattle............. ................. .............. ...........
Milk, whole.____________ ____ _________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Ensilage____ _________________________
Fodder.____ _________ _______________
Hay__________ _________ ______ _____
Oats____ ________ __ _____________
Potatoes____ ___________ ____ ____ ____
Straw
_
............... ............... ........
Miscellaneous______ ________________
Farm: Hogs______ ______________________
Hogs .
_____ ___ ____________
Pork, dressed___ _____ _________ ____ ..

137




Dozen. __
Dozen. __
Each___
Doz. pr.
Dozen...
Dozen ..

Each___

Tons___
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.
Bushels .
Tons.. _
Head _
Pounds.

12
31

55

2

72
679
3,696
2,965
1,106
25
0)
1,145
400
1,840
1,312
662
2,449
3,900
900
49
309
0)
2

407
9,344
2.153
4.154
887
38
450
7,077
2,500
8,192
16,820
5,562
18,802
1,950
5,400
276
1,092
610
20,140

59
704,653
(0
450
34
168
4,565
16,441
190

Dozen __
Each___
Dozen.. _
Dozen. _.
Dozen. __
Dozen...
Pairs___
E ach....
Dozen.._
Dozen...

Head_
_
Pounds.

$290,915

0)

179
35,308

$270,400
72
679
3,696
2,965
1,106
25
1,145
400
1,840
1,312
662
2,449
3,900
900
49
309
0)

407
9,344
2.153
4.154
887
38
450
7,077
2,500
8,192
16,820
5, 562
18,802
1,950
5,400
276
1,092
610

2, 528
15,049
737

44
704,653
0)

2,153
15,049
737

1,350
102
958
1,110
8,218
570
3,308

450
34
168
4, 565
16,441
190
0)

1,350
102
958
1,110
8,218
570
3,308

788
2,823

179
35,308

788
2,823

0)

Quantity
,

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

$375

$20,140

2

Piece price

20,140
15

375

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

O

1

Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___

122

Each___
1
Each___

Pounds.
Gallons.

5
24
8

Dozen..
Dozen...
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
3
(2
)

12,997
5' 331
M86

2,080
990
1,027

12,997
5,331
1,586

2,080
990
1,027

1
40
7,617
' 181
387
0)
1,229
0)

55
756
42,223
5,310
12,075
3,187
17,174
6, 758

1
40
7,617
181
387
0)
1,229

55
756
42, 223
5,310
12,075
3,187
17,174
6, 758

576

864
398
800

0)
C)
1

(l)

576

864
398
800

0)
0)

743,149
'300

42,035
10

743,149
300

42,035
10

0
0

Dozen...
Pounds.
Head_
_

2,567
126
33
3,871
2,078
646
2,335
122

4,178
15
12
426
1,346
0)
(!)
(0

2,567
126
33
3,871
2,078
646
2,335
122

15
12
426
1,346
0)
p)
0)

STATE PRISON OF SOUTHERN MICHIGAN

Total_______________________________ ____

1, 385

Brooms, brushes, and mops_______________
Brooms___________________ ___________
Brushes______________________________
Clothing, other than k n it..............................
Aprons______________________________
Coats, work__________________________
Gloves and mittens___________________
Handkerchiefs________________________
Hats and caps________________________
Overalls______________________________
Overcoats____________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns______________
Pants, dress.................. ............................
Pants, work__________________________
Shirts, work__________________________

11

See footnotes at end of table.




Dozen
Dozen
Dozen .
Dozen ..
Doz.pr.
Dozen _
Dozen. _
Dozen.
Each___
Dozen...
Each
Dozen.
Dozen...

136

1,073, 540

1, 365, 876
389
755

2,598
5,099

389
755

2,598
5,099

78
569
22
1, 717
890
101
4,158
35
451
757
26

337
11,484
93
1, 339
2,235
1,076
19, 517
271
1, 511
11,193
245

78
569
22
1, 717
890
101
4,158
35
451
757
26

337
11,484
93
1, 339
2,235
1,076
19,517
271
1, 511
11,193
245

292, 336

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs------------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed_______ _______________
Poultry, live_________________________
Furniture: W ood_________________________
Benches______________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Chairs. _ .-----------------------------------------Davenports, sofas, etc_________________
Desks_______________________________
Bepairs______________________________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Soap and other detergents_________________
Soap_____ ____ ______________________
Soap, liquid__________________________
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Mopheads______________ ____ ________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets___ _____ ______________________
Towels_ ____ _______________________
_
Miscellaneous_________ ____ __________
W ood products: Miscellaneous____________
Other manufactured products: Insecticides,
deodorants, and related chemical com­
pounds.

A.—K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

14 2

T able

MICHIGAN—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

4,792,700

$292, 336

STATE PRISON OF SOUTHERN MICHIGAN— COn.

Clothing, other than knit—Continued.
Shoes, new_________________ ________ Pairs
Shoes repaired........................................... Pairs___
Suits____________ ___________________ Each.
Each___
Uniforms________ ___________________
Underwear, women’s and children’s____ Dozen...
Miscellaneous.._______ _____________
Clothing, knit .................................................
Hosiery.____________ ______ _________ . Doz. pr.
Underwear.. _______ _____ ___________
Dozen...
Cordage: Binder twine__________________ . Pounds.
Farm: Hairy_______________________ ____
Beef, dressed______ ______ ____________ Pounds.
Cattle______________ ____ ______ ______ Head_
_
Milk, whole_______________ _____ _____ Pounds.
Farm: Field crops and garden................... .
Barley____________ _____ ________ ____
Bushels.
Cloverseed___________ ______ _____ ____ Bushels.
Corn, field.. ....................... ..................... Bushels.
Ensilage_____ ____ ___________________ Tons___
Hay_ _____ _____ _____________ ______ Tons___
_
Oats_________ ________ ____________ . Bushels.
Potatoes....... ..................... .............. ........ Bushels.
Straw________________________________ Tons___
Sugar beets_______ ____ ____ _____ _____ Tons___
Wheat ___________________ __________ Bushels.
Miscellaneous_______ _______ _________
Farm: Hogs_____________________________
_
Hogs.. ___ ________________________ Head_
______________________ dressed
Pork, .. Pounds.
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_____
Eggs.
_____ ____ __ _________ Dozen. _.
Poultry, dressed______________________ Pounds.
_
Poultry, live
________ _____________ Head_
Farm: Miscellaneous.......................................




12
111
55

365

11
19

35

7,632
21,300
3,426
615
660
0)

$18,194
8,175
32, 547
10,977
1,387
269

7,632
21,300
3,426
615
660
0)

$18,194
8,175
32,547
10,977
1, 387
269

6, 578
2, 627
4,796, 350

7,799
8,270
292, 577

6, 578
2,627
3, 650

7, 799
8, 270
241

25,000
25
2,670,416

2,750
2,500
56, 613

25,000
25
2, m 0 , 416

2, 750
2,500
66, 613

1,506
150
30,051
2,100
2,049
2,746
34,866
300
806
5,019
0)

723
1, 500
9, 212
8,000
12,838
877
27,400
1, 200
7, 657
3, 312
29, 200

1,506
150
30,051
2,100
2,049
2,746
34,866
300
. 806
5,019
0)

723
1, 500
9, 212
8,000
12,838
877
27,400
1, 200
7,657
3, 312
29, 200

668
216, 757

6, 680
17, 341

66$
216,757

6, 680
17, 341

23, 317
4,138
2,656
0)

5,130
713
1,885
3,500

23, 317
4,138
2,656

5,130
713
1,885
3, 500

0)

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATE©, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Furniture: Metal_________________________
53
Beds
_
.
___ Each _.
Cabinets_______________
____ _ .. . Each___
Wastebaskets________________ ______ Each___
Furniture: Other than metal or wood _
17
Each .
Mattresses.
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
134
signs.
Each___
Auto license tags
__ __________
Each___
Highway markers
_____________
Metal products: Miscellaneous.._.................
12
Aluminum ware......................... .........
Pieces „
........................... ...... ... cages . .. .
Animal Each
Printing and binding_____ _____ _________
41
Each_
_
Envelopes___ ______ _____ __________
Letterheads............... ................... ........... Each.
Miscellaneous. _ _ _______ _______
Textiles________
_______ _________ .
307
Cotton yard goods, light
____________
Duck aDd canvas. _. _______________ . Sq. yd
Wool yard goods
_. _ __ __ _____ Sq. yd
Yarn, cotton _
. __________ Pounds.
Textile products___ _ _______________ . . .
33
Flags
. ______ ___________________
Mattress covers ___________ . . . _____ Each ..
Pillowcases
____________ ____ Dozen
Dozen
Sheets
____ . . .
___ ______
Towels _____
_______ . . . ______ Dozen... —
Miscellaneous _ ______ _ ____________
Other manufactured products___________ ._
33
Canned fruits and vegetables____ . . . . . . Cases
Do_______
____ _____________ .
STATE HOUSE OF CORRECTION AND BRANCH
PRISON
Total____________________________________
Clay, cement, and stone products . ____ _
Concrete blocks___ ____ ______ ___ _
Miscellaneous.___________ _
Clothing: Shoes, new________________
Farm: Cattle. ___________________________
Beef, dressed________
_______
Farm: Dairy ___________ _ _ ___ _
Milk, whole________ _
_ _
Miscellaneous_____
______________
Farm: Field crops and garden
__ __
Miscellaneous______
___
______
_
_
____
Farm: Hogs.
Pork, dressed_____
_
_
_____

1,823
500
158

18,067
12, 500
134

1,823
500
158

18,067
12, 500
134

2,320

16, 639

2,320

16, 639

4,610,316
40,172

241, 282
82, 237

4,610, 316
40,172

241, 282
82, 237

11,741
464

3,234
3,474

11,741
464

3,234
3,474

2,627,827
346,551
<9

2,307
691
11,171

2,627,827
346, 551
(9

2,307
691
11,171

783, 503
19, 317
116, 235
377, 977

124,072
6,281
62, 971
77, 595

783, 503
19, 317
116, 235
377, 977

124,072
6, 281
62, 971
77, 595

(9
1,056
90
714
2,652
(9

1,176
1, 439
250
6,798
5, 413
1, 263

(9
1,056
90
714
2,652
(9

1,176
1,439
250
6,798
5, 413
1, 263

24, 216
(9

47, 524
3,134

24, 216
(9

47, 524
3,134

63,928

137
Each __
Pairs___
Pounds.
Pounds.

5
42
(2
)
14
36

Pounds.

2

63,928

6,017
(9
7,714

360
20
17,654

353

43

353

►
d
►

3
O

o
w
5J
z
H
W
>
tr*
H
>
W
tr<
H
c/2

43

11,827
230

525,623
(9

>

11,827
230

525,623

(9
(9
37,812

6,017

(9

7,714

360
20
17, 654

8,736

(9

8, 736

3.805

37.812

3.805

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f table.




CO

T

a b le

A.—K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

I
—L

It

MICHIGAN—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

STATE HOUSE OF CORRECTION AND BRANCH
prison—continued
Farm: Poultry and poultry products______
FggS
Poultry, dressed
Other mftrmfaetnred products
_________ _______ '_____
Snow fence
Tnhn.ccn, smolrinj and chewing

2

Dozen
Pounds.

Shirts, work ... _
Shoes repaired

_ ....

...

__

Underwear, women’s and children’s____
Clothing, knit: Hosiery___________________
Farmr Dairy
Reef, dressed

Dozen
Dozen.
Each___
Doz. pr.
Dozen. _
Dozen.
Dozen. _
Dozen. _
Dozen. _
Pairs
Dozen _
Doz. pr.

$680
214

3,764
1,322

$680
214

3,376
16,983

0)
64,648

3,376
16,983

120,387

Barley
__ _ ____ ________ ________ Bushels.
Corn, field_______________________ ____ Bushels.

$35,687

84,700

20

2
21

...

M iscellaneons
Farm: Field crops and garden




64,648
318

Pounds.
Butter_______________________________ Pounds.
Cattle
Head
Cream
_
Pounds.
Milk, skimmed
_________________ - Pounds _
Milk, w h ole_______________________ _ Pounds.
.

0)

Pounds.

DETROIT HOUSE OF CORRECTION
Total......................................... ..................
Clothing, other than knit__________________
Aprons
Coats, worlr
Dresses
Gloves and mittens.. ________________
Hats and ceps
....
.......
Overalls
Pajamas pod nightgowns
_
Pants, work

3,764
1,322
36

137

62
23
1,132
148
228
17
37
101
63
1,200
17
322

134
198
849
155
307
220
156
772
461
600
56
325

52
23
1,132
148
228
17
37
101
63
1,200
17
322

134
198
849
155
307
220
156
772
461
600
56
325

27,941
6,955
45
28,694
319,428
172,995
0)

3,353
1,739
3,705
4,304
3,194
5,190
241

27,941
6,955
40
28,694
319,428
172,995
0)

3,353
1,739
3,625
4, 304
3,194
5,190
241

1,300
5,000

741
2,500

1,300
5,000

741
2,500

5

80

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Wheat

Bushels.

Farm: Hogs
Hngs

8

M isee]1 eons
fin
Furniture: Wood
Chairs
__
"Repairs
Tables

Total

_

58
Each
Pounds _

Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each___
Cases.. _

IONIA STATE HOSPITAL
__ _

Farm: Dairv
Beef, dressed
Cattle _
__
___ __ _____ ___
Cream__ _
Milk, whole
Miscellaneous
Farm: Field crops and garden __ _ __
Corn, field.
_________
Ensilage___ _______
Hay
Oats
_ .
Potatoes
___
Miscellaneous __ __
____ _
__
_ ________
Farm: Hogs
Hogs
Pork, dressed
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs
- __- P ou ltry, dressed

Poultry,




2
13

346
310
3, 760
3,395
852
(0

2,174
2,480
940
1,688
682
5,620

218
38,288
0)

1,365
4 211
91

218
38,288
0)

1,365
4,211
91

23,692
0)
3,030
172,900
0)

23,>592
1,463
10,302
6,912
5,209

0)

1,463

150
50
42
52
86
345

114
100
27
128
533
443
1,162
1,163
20,688

(0
2,325
12,261

53
16

34
Bushels .
Tons
Tons
Bushels .
Bushels.
1
Head
Pounds.
Dozen. __
Pounds _

23, 692
172,900
0)
150
50
42
52
86
345

114
100
27
128
533
443
662
50
20,688

2

23,692

3,030

10,302

0)
2, 225

500
1,113

6,912
5,209

0)
100
12,261

38, 221

36,175

i, 556
60
8, 349
538,635
0)

191
4,445
1,252
13,244
482

1, 556
39
8, 349
538,635
(0

i9i
2,450
1,252
13,244
482

1, 574
250
192
631
2,418
0)

992
, 750
1,347
202
1,122
3, 719

1, 574
250
192
631
2,418
(0

2, 530
4,766

253
56,055

1,745
641
793

9,516
4,325
996

1,745
641
742

2,046

_________ _________

2, 530
4, 766

9, 516
4,325
1,055

__________

992
750
1,347
202
1,122
3, 719

253
56,055

Pounds.
Head
Pounds.
Pounds.

live___________ _________ Head__

See footnotes at end of table.

31
5
21

2,174
2,480
940
1,688
682
5,620

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Flags
Mopheads
Pillowcases
Sheets
Towels
M iseella,neons
Wood products: Crutches
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

Pounds.

346 ,
310 1
3,760
3,395
852
0)

21

1, 995

59

5l

Crc

T

able

A.—K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

M IN N E S O T A
Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

AverUnit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

AIL INSTITUTIONS

Total




$3,299,415

1,362
246
2
122

15

30

$3,065,495

$17,339

587,459
164,145
262

79
1,029
194
112
73
95
296
671
96
2,802
476
375
2,178
9,015
1,109
192
0)
427
3

258
3,631
2,433
213
71
186
654
3,083
5,485
1,016
6,915
5,603
3,706
3,139
5,164
10,999
1,163
294
772
17,339

23,020,050
2,631,031

1,945,092
367,456

18,155
79
0)

2,162
3,598
383

18,155
23
0)

2,162
904
82

235

26

235

26

0)

C)
1

79
1,029
194
112
73
95
0)
296
671
96
2,802
476
375
2,178
9,015
1,109
192
0)
427

9,910
c5

2,908
1,706
71
258
3,631
2,433
213
71
186
654
3,083
5,485
1,016
6,915
5,603
3,706
3,139
5,164
10,999
1,163
294
772

584, 551
162,439
191

23,020,050
2, 631,031

35

9,945
0)
(0

(9

2
49
623

$216.671

1,945,092
367,456

56

2,694
301

(9

s

3

Quantity

Value

1940

Agricultural implements and parts_________
Implements__________________________ Each.
Parts________________________________
Clay, cement, and stone products: Miscella­
neous.
Clothing, other than knit................... ............
Aprons______________________________ Dozen..
Coats, dress.______ __________________ Each...
Coats, w ork...____ __________________ Dozen..
Dresses______________________________ Each...
Gloves and mittens___________________ Doz.pr.
Hats and caps________________________ Dozen..
Labor only___________________________
Overalls_____________________________ Dozen.
Overcoats____________________________ Each._
Pajamas and nightgowns---------------------- Dozen.
Pants, dress.-------------------------------------- Each..
Pants, w ork...------- ---------------------------- Dozen.
Shirts, work_____________ ____________ Dozen.
Shoes, new___________________________ Pairs..
Shoes repaired________________________ Pairs..
Suits________________________________ Each..
Underwear, men’s and boys’ . . ......... ....... Dozen.
Miscellaneous_______________ ______ _
Clothing, knit: Hosiery________ ____ ______ Doz.pr.
Construction: Buildings------ --------------------- E a c h Cordage_________________ —-------------------Pounds .
Binder twine_________________ ____ —
Hope________________________________ Pounds.
Farm: Cattle____ ____________ ____ _______
Beef, dressed_________________________ Pounds.
Cattle_______________________________ Head—
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Dairy------------------------------------------Beef, dressed_________________________ Pounds.

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED iS-TATES,

Institution and articles produced

number of
[Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

17,339

0)

Buttermilk
_
Cream ___
_ _ _ ________________
Milk, skimmed
___________
Milk| whole
_______ __
Farm: Field crops and garden _______ .
Barley
_ - ____ ____________
Com," field__ ___ ___ _________________
Fodder________ ___________ _________
Potatoes

_.

_ _

S p read s________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




101

Bushels
Bushels

Bushels
Bushels
Bushels
Tons
Bushels
12

Head
Pounds

9

Each
Each

9,357
77
2, 245
3,611
14,953

35, 588
10, 255
14,966
481,480
997, 263

9,357
77
2,245
3,611
14,953

2,469
700
'745
106
710
13,867
9,357
1,790
85
498
0)

1, 205
10, 216
2,555
424
5, 585
5, 591
4,602
1,263
157
471
12,052

2,469
18, 700
745
106
710
13,867
9,357
1,790
85
498
0)

1,205
10, 216
2, 555
424
5,585
5, 591
4,602
1,263
157
471
12,052

182
234,646
(0

653
20,330
37

181
234,646

634
20,330
37

21,113
18,249
311
0)

3,529
3,153
156
96

21,113
18,249
311

3, 529
3,153
156

12
120

72
378
2,072
215
747
1,276

12
106

72
353
302
111
625
844

IS,

Tons. ._

Dozen
Pounds.
Head_
_

35,588
10,255
14,966
48l!480
997, 263

„

1
20

0)

Each ...
Each_
_
44
Each
Each
Each
34

0)
63
122,250
95,250
0)

29
146
206
20,613

38
221

24
4,203
23

Tons
Tons
15
Dozen
Dozen _
Dozen
Dozen. _
Dozen .
Each___

28
133

C)
1
19
45
20
293
413
48

38
338
50
523
2,553
52

0)

1

96

0)

0)

17
118

0)

63
122,250
95,250
0)

29
146
206
20,613

38
221

24
4,203
23

19
45
20
293
413
48

38
338
50
523
2, 553
52

0)

0)
0)

19

14
11
15

25
1,770
104
122
432

A P P E N D IX A — G ENER AL TABLES

Straw
___ _ _
_______
Wheat
_
__
______ ___
Miscellaneous____
___ _ ______
Farm: Hogs____ _ _____ _____________
Hogs. - ____ ___
________ ___
Pork, dressed
Miscellaneous
Farm: Poultry and poultry products._____
Eggs __
__ _____ ____
Poultry, dressed_____ ______________
Poultry, live______________ __ _______
Farm: Miscellaneous _________________
Furniture: Wood_____ _______ __________
__ ____ __
Benches
Chairs
„
__
Repairs
______ ____ ____ ___ ______
Tables
__ ____ _ __ _____________
Venetian blinds _________ ___________
_____________
Miscellaneous
Printing and binding
. ___________
Bookbinding and blank books__________
Envelopes
____________
Letterheads
____________
____________
Miscellaneous
Quarrying arid rock crushing
Gravel
________ ___
Stone, building
_________ _.
Miscellaneous
____________
Textile products
____________
Bags, cloth
_ ____________
Mopheads
__________________
Napkins
_______________
_____________
Pillowcases
Sheets
____________

Pounds
Pounds
Pounds -

T a b l e A.— K in d , quantity , and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , arw? institution — Continued
oo

M IN N ESO TA— Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

all institutions—continued

T extile^products—C ontinued.
Tablecloths ______
__
T ow els________
Miscellaneous
_ _ __
Wood products: Millwork
_ __
Other manufactured products
Canned fruits and vegetables
Do
Leather products, miscellaneous
Tobacco, smoking and chewing
Miscellaneous
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing): Repairs
(to employees’ cars).
Total

Each

Cases
Pieces
Pound

STATE PRISON
____
. .

2

$206
2,588
598
2,930

64
1,590
0)
0)

$206
2,588
598
2,872

3, 700
0)
494
2, 551
0)
0)

7,222
5, 521
685
223
548
311

3,700
0)
494
2, 551
0)
0)

7,222
5,521
685
223
493
311

3,145,280

994
246
20

9,945
0)

587,459
164,145

39
448
85
73
33
140
856
117
116
731
5,100
89
(9

52
1,037
698
71
39
892
1,693
961
818
1,133
1,275
448
18

0)

$58

0)

55

3,062,018

83, 262
35
0)

2,908
1,706

39
448
85
73
33
140
856
117
116
731
5,100
89
0)

52
1,037
698
71
39
892
1,693
961
818
1,133
1,275
448
18

9,910
0)

584, 551
162,439

Value

1940

Agricultural implements and parts
____
Im p le m e n ts ....................
.......... Each
Parts
________ - _____ __________
Clothing _______ ___ _ _________ _______
A prons
Dozen
Each
________ _
__
Coats, dress
Coats, work
_ _ _ ..................
Dozen.
Gloves and mittens
_ __ _
Doz. pr
Hats and caps
_ __ _
Dozen
Overalls
Dozen
Pants, dress
Each
Pants, work
Dozen
Dozen
Shirts, work
Shoes, new
Pairs
Pairs .
Shoes repaired
Underwear, men’s and boys’
Dozen..
Miscellaneous..................................... ......




13
22

64
1,590
0)
0)

Quantity

PRISiON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.
Head—

623
23,020,050
2,631,031
” "16"

18

6,100
42

752
2,160
383

C)
1




1,945,092
367,456

42

2,160
301

1

19

752
82

5,727
77
2,245
3,611
1, 568

19, 803
10,255
14,966
481,480
104, 517

Bushels.
Bushels.
Tons__
Tons__
Bushels
Bushels.
Tons__
Bushels.

2,469
6,200
425
135
11,527
340
85
374
0)

1,205
3, 526
1,275
945
4,795
248
157
382
5,307

2,469
6, 200
425
135
11, 527
340
85
374
0)

1,205
3, 526
1,275
945
4, 795
248
157
382
5, 307

Head—.
Pounds.

1
113,948
0)

19
9,444
37

113,948
(0

9,444
37

Dozen...
Pounds.

5,892
5,602
0)

1,154
962
18, 563

5,892
5,602
0)

1,154
962
18, 563

7
168
275
998

7
168
275
998

0)

6
208
1,243
1,306
266

0)

6
208
1,243
1,306
266

0)
2,551

4,199
223

0)
2, 551

0)

5,727
77
2,245
3, 611
1, 568

4,199
223

Dozen..
DozenDozen..
Dozen-

Pounds.

STATE REFORMATORY

See footnotes at end of table.

6,100
0)

19,803
10,255
14,966
481,480
104, 517

Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.

Total___________________________
Clay, cement, and stone products. .
Miscellaneous_______________
Clothing, other than knit________
Aprons______________________
Coats, dress_________________
Coats, work_________________
Hats and caps_______________

23,020,050
2, 631,031

1,945,092
367,456

_________

Dozen.
E ach Dozen.
Dozen.

88

144, 959
262

0)
40
507
108
62

206
2,257
1,709
147

_________
0)

124, 233
71

40
507
108
62

$17,339

3,387
0)

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Cordage_________________________
Binder twine_________________
Rope_______________________
Farm: Cattle____________________
Beef, dressed___ _____________
Cattle______________________
Miscellaneous________________
Farm: Dairy____________________
Butter______________________
Buttermilk__________________
Cream______________________
Milk, skimmed_______________
Milk, whole_________________
Farm: Field crops and garden______
Barley______________________
Corn, field___________________
Ensilage_____________________
Hay________________________
Oats________________________
Rye________________________
Straw_______________________
Wheat______________________
Miscellaneous________________
Harm: Hogs_____________________
Hogs------------------------------------Pork, dressed_________________
Miscellaneous________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products.
Eggs------------------------------------Poultry, dressed______________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous..
Textile products__________________
Bags, cloth___________________
Pillowcases___________________
Sheets_______________________
Towels______________________
Miscellaneous________________
Other manufactured products______
Canned fruits and vegetables____
Tobacco, smoking and chewing...

_________

191

206
2, 257
1,709
147
CO

T able

A.—K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

Oi

o

M IN N ESO TA— Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

state reformatory—continued

Clothing, other than knit—Continued.
Overalls______________ __ ___________
Dozen
Overcoats-. _ _____ ___________ _______ Each
Pajamas and nightgowns___ ________
Dozen
Pants, dress___~__r__________________
Each
Pants, work_ ______ _______________
_
Dozen
Repairs.__ .
_______ ________________ Dozen.. —
Shirts, work ___________ ___________ Dozen
Shoes,new._ . ____ . . .
.. _
Pairs
Shoes repaired. ______ _____________ Pairs .
Suits______ _____ . . . . . . __________ Each
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ________ . Dozen _
Miscellaneous__________ ______ _ __ _
Clothing, knit: Hosiery__________________
Doz.pr..
2
Construction: Buildings__________________ Each_
_
49
Farm: Cattle_____________ _____ ___ ____ _
5
Beef, dressed________________________ . Pounds.
Cattle_______________________ ________ Head
Farm: Dairy__________________ ______
10
Butter_______ ___________ __________
Pounds.
Milk,whole ...
...
. . . ______ _
Pounds.
Farm: Field crops and garden .. .
66
Corn, field__________________ ________ Bushels .
Tons
Ensilage ______________ _____ _.
Hay.
___________________________
Tons
O a t s ..____ ____________________ _
Bushels.
Potatoes
______ _____________ _
Bushels.
Rye____ _ _______ ______________
Bushels.
Miscellaneous__________ ___ ________
Farm: Hogs
____ ___ _______________
6
H o g s ..___________________________
Head
____ _____ _
_______
Pork, dressed
Pounds.
Farm: Poultry and poultry products. ____
4
Eggs_________________________________ Dozen
Poultry_____________ ____ ___________ 1




156
671
96
1,946
359
0)
215
1,447
3,915
1,106
38
0)
427
3

$2,191
5,485
1,016
5,222
4,642
534
2,601
2,006
3,889
10,969
304
220
772
17,339

156
671
96
1,946
359
0)
215
1,447
3,915
1,106
38
0)
427

$2,191
5,485
1,016
5, 222
4,642
534
2,601
2, 006
3,889
10,969
304
220
772

12,055
37

1,410
1,438

12,055
23

1,410
904

15,785
762,841

3,630
11,443

15, 785
762,841

3, 630
11,443

11,000
320
540
2,340
9,357
1,450
0)

5,940
1,280
4,220
796
4,602
1,015
5,168

11,000
320
540
2,340
9,357
1,450
0)

5, 940
1,280
4, 220
796
4,602
1,015
5,168

181
115,850

634
10,225

181
115,850

634
10, 225

13, 519
0)

2,027
2,265

13, 519
0)

2, 027
2, 265

3

$17,339
14

$534

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISiON LABOR IN THE UNITED^ STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Farm: Miscellaneous. __________ ____
Furniture: Wood_____________________ .
Benches
Chairs_____________________________
Repairs_____ ___________ _______
Tables___ _____________
______
Venetian blinds__________ ________ _
Miscellaneous . _______ _________ _
Printing and binding
______ ______

Bags, cloth
Mopheads _ _
Napkin^
Pillowcases
Sheets. ________ ____ ________ ____
Spreads
Tablecloths . ___
Towels___ ____
Miscellaneous
Wood products: Millwork
Other manufactured products
Canned fruits and vegetables
Leather products, miscellaneous
Miscellaneous
__ _
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing): Repairs.
(to employees’ cars).

0)

96

0)

72
378
2,072
215
747
1,276

12
120

Each_
_
Each...
Each_
_
Each
Each
Each

20

34

0)

6

Cases
Pieces
2

17
118

0)

29
146
206
2,050

63
122,250
95, 250
0)

38
221

24
4,203
23

38
221
2
45
20
125
138
48
64
592

0)
0)

17
338
50
315
1,310
52
206
1,282
292
2, 930

0)
0)

17
338
50
315
1,310
52
206
1,282
292
2,872

3,700
494
0)
0)

7, 222
685
548
311

3, 700
494
0)
0)

7,222
685
493
311

(0

25
1, 770
104
122
432

0)

58

0)

55

11
15

24
4,203
23

2
45
20
125
138
48
64
592

14
0)

29
146
206
2,050

0)

Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Each
Dozen
13
14

1
2

106
0)

63
122,250
95,250
0)

Tons
Tons
Dozen

28
133

96

0)
72
353
302
111
625
844

0)

STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN

Total

14

See footnotes at end o f table.




Each
Dozen
Each

44

3
65
2

Pounds.
Pounds.

74
1
112
0)

Dozen
Each
Dozen

9,176

9,176

26

Clothing
Coats, dress
Coats, work
Dresses
Labor only _
_ _ _ _ _
Shirts, work
Suits
_____
_
__
Underwear, men’s and boys’
M iscel 1 eou s
an
Farm: Dairy
Beef, dressed
Milk, whole________________ ________

0)
235
129,905

337
26
213
120
287
30
411
56
26
1, 942

74
1
112
0)
44

3
65
0)
235
129,905

_________

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Letterheads
Miscellaneous
_ _ ______________
Quarrying and rock crushing __ ______
Gravel __
___________
...
__
__ _
Stone, building
Miscellaneous

1
20

337
26
213
120
287
30
411
56
26
1,942
h-*

T able

A.— K in d , quantity , and

value o f articles produced in State p riso n s , 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system , and institution —Continued

Or

to

MINNESOTA-Continued
AverUnit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN—COn.
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Corn, field__ _____ ______ ____ _________
Fodder
_________________________
_____ _____________________
Hay
Wheat
_________ ___________________
Miscellaneous _ ________________ __
Farm: Hogs
_ ______ ________
________
Pork, dressed
_
Farm: Poultry and poultry products _____
__Eggs
_
Poultry, dressed
_ _.
_____
Textile products__
2 ________ ______
Bags, cloth __
_______ _____ ______
Miscellaneous-____ ____________ ____
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

Bushels.
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.
Pounds.
Dozen...
Pounds.
Dozen...

4

1
1

1,500
106
35
124
0)

$750
424
420
89
1,577

1,500
106
35
124
0)

$750
424
420
89
1,577

4,848

661

4,848

661

1,702
665

348
82

1,702
665

348
82

10

15
40
1,322

10

15
40
1,322

1
3

0)
0)

0)
<0

MISSISSIPPI
STATE PENITENTIARY
Total______ _________________________
Clay, cement, and stone products: Brick
Clothing________________ ____ _______
Aprons______________ _________ ...
Coats, work..------- -----------------------Hats and caps------------------- -----------Pants, work______________________
Shirts, work______________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ _______
Farm: Cattle________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_________
Butterbeans_____ _______ _________
Corn, field............ ............................. .




2,058
M

___

Dozen __
Dozen...
Dozen__
Dozen__
Dozen.
Dozen. .
. Head. _
Bushels.
Bushels.

3
36

21
1,933

$639, 066

$288,953

300

2,400

300

2,400

120
410
265
520
600
400
200

180
4.920
27
6,240
5,400
1.920
7,000

120
410
265
520
600
400
200

180
4,920
27
6, 240
5,400
1, 920
7,000

10, 803
102,980

11,883
102,980

10, 803
102,980

11, 883
102,980

$350,113

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

408102'

Bales__
T ons....
Tons ...
Gallons.
Bushels.
Bushels.

2 ,412

2,412
1,930
27,060
2,350
2,561
0)
1,850

66,948
19,300
10,824
2,350
7,092
15, 787
37,000

1,930
27,060
2,350
2, 561
0)
1,850

19, 300
10,824
2,350
7,092
15, 787
37,000

Each..
Each..

500
500

2, 500
500

500
500

2,500
500

DozenDozen..

300
167

900
300

300
167

900
300

123,320
371,180

12, 332
37,118

123,320
371,180

66, 948

12, 332
37,118

Head. __

Pounds.
Pounds.

MISSOURI
Total.

ALL IN
STITUTIONS

Brooms, brushes, and mops____________
Brooms_______________ _____ ____
Mops___________________________
Clothing____________________________
Aprons_____________ _________ ___
Children’s playsuits................... .......
Coats, dress________ ________ ____
Coats, work.................................. .....
Hats and caps....................... ........ .
Labor only 1_______ ______ _______
0
Overalls_________________________
Overcoats____________ ________ ___
Pajamas and nightgowns___________
Pants, work______________________
Shirts, work_ ____________ ____
_
Shoes, new_______________________
Shoes repaired____________________
Suits____________________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’________
Construction: Buildings______________
Construction: Major repairs to buildings..
Construction: Miscellaneous___________
Cordage_____________________________
Binder twine_____________________
Do__________________ ________
Hope.__________ ___________ ____

See footnotes at end of table.




1,424
Dozen..
Each...
DozenDozen..
Each...
Dozen..
DozenPieces. .
Dozen..
Each....
Dozen. .
DozenDozen..
Pairs...
Pairs...
Each...
Dozen-

Pounds .
Pounds.

4
636

$1,387, 709
3,125
4,068

216
168
9,221
3,237
1,134
130, 226
7, 791
4,591
180
25, 573
26,150
201,802
2,983
30,876
3, 713
13,760
31,400
585

2,437,342
(o
1,800,651

148,880
154
168,456

3,125
4,068

2,643
133

30

2,643
133

30
3,027
636
203
788, 736
736
742
40
2,507
6,700
126,586
11,932
2,908
825
0)
0)
0)

$635,734

$45, 745

$706, 230

168

216
!, 027
70
203
320
742
40
1,629
3,961
25,915
11,932
2,908
758

9,221
739
1,134

566

10, 448
8,840

701
1,894

6,958
10,277
153,597

67
(0
0)
0)

130,226
3,552

878
2,739
100,671

4, 239
4,591
180
18,615
15,873
48,205
2,983
30,876
3,595

2,498

788,736
416

118

2,426,894
0)
1,791,811

148,179
154
166,562

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Cotton____'____________________
Cottonseed_____________________
Hay___________________________
Molasses_______________________
Potatoes_______________________
Soy beans______________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Farm: Hogs________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood.
Mattresses_____________________
Pillows________________________
Textile products____________________
Pillowcases_____________________
Towels_________________________
Other manufactured products........ .....
Beef, dressed____________________
Pork, dressed______________ ____

13,760
31,400
585

O i

00

T able

A.—K in d , quantity , and

value o f articles produced in State p riso n s , 1 9 4 0 ,

fry State, system , arac? institution —Continued

Or

MISSOURI—
Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

Quantity

Value

ALL institutions—continued
Farm: Cattle
___ _
______
____Beef, dressed
_____ ___ ____ ____ _ - Pounds.
Head.
_____ ______ ____
Cattle
Miscellaneous _______________
_ _
Farm: Dairy _ ___________ __ __________
Head _
Cattle _
_____ _____ _______
Milk, whole
- ___ _ _______ __ Pounds Miscellaneous
_______ __ ..
Farm: Field crops and garden_ _______
_
Barley
___________________ - Bushels.
Corn, field - ________ _______________ Bushels.
Ensilage _ . ______________ ______ - Tons. F o d d e r.___ __ _______________ __ . Tons.--.
Tons___
Hay
__________ __ ____
Oats ______ ________________________ Bushels Potatoes___ __________ ___ ____ ___ Bushels .
Pounds _
Tobacco___________ ___________ .
Straw
_ - ________________ Tons W heat______________________________ Bushels.
Miscellaneous _____ _____ _
_ _
Farm: Hoes
_________ _
__ . _
Hogs
____ _____ _____ _
- - Head __
___ _____ ____ _ _ _ dressed
Pork, __ Pounds _
Farm: Poultry and poultry products ___ __
Eggs
____________
- - Dozen
Pounds _
Poultry, dressed ___________ _ _ _
Poultry, live
- ____________ __ _ _ Head __
Furniture: Metal ______________ ___
Each- _
Cabinets
_________________
Lockers______________________________ Each___




8

26

274

16
20

6

373,578
30
(9

$59,921
400
2,516

373,578
30
(9

$59,921
400
2, 516

129
1,221,374
(9

1,630
26, 576
3,602

87
1,221,374
(9

1,315
26, 576
3,602

100
4,250
3,130
2,653
1,838
625
33,753
12,000
1,659
3,690
(9

60
2, 550
12,145
41,674
18,971
250
22,778
3,000
6,927
2,988
35,963

100
4, 250
3,130
2,653
1,838
625
33, 753
12,000
1,659
3,690
0)

60
2,550
12,145
41,674
18,971
250
22, 778
3,000
6,927
2,988
35,950

271
749,468

1,847
75,599

271
749,468

1,847
75, 599

11, 294
140,144
350

1,694
24,724
175

11, 294
140,144
350

1,694
24, 724
175

249
1,064

5,753
4,026

245
1,064

5,657
4,026

42

$315

13

(9

-

4

96

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 19 40

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

0)

355
417
625
370
1,640
676
70
1,285
1,193

0)

1,426

1,968

1,426

1,968

1,940,716
20,877
313
75,854

111, 765
25,112
97
3,034

1,940,716
20,877
96
75,854

111,765
25,112
24
3,034

P ie c e s .

1,780
0)

1,818
1,044

1,780
0)

1,818
1,044

To n s.
To n s.

10.076
11,217

7, 557
9,655

10,251

8, 737

75
800

75
800

216
583

5
7
6
2,018
855
0)

216
583
74
13
52
2
2,423
743
133

5
7
6
2,018
855
0)

13
52
2
2,423
743
98

233,267
0)
0)
33,750

5,190
1, 550
181
38,227

233,267
0)
(0
33, 750

5,190
1, 550
181
38,227

0)
Each.

Each.

Each
Each
Each
Each

.
.
.
.

D ozen.
Each—

682

0)

D ozen.
D ozen.
Each -.
Each -.
D ozen.

B d . ft.

C a s e s ..-

8
182
61
117
349
20

14

169
417
586
370
1,065
455
44
1,182
755

22
182
66
117
407
25

EachEach.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.

0)

675

186

5

0)

39

58
5

575
221
26
103
438

7

0)

217

73

10,076
966

7, 557
918

0)

74

(0

35

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Furniture: Wood___ ___________________
Beds_________________________________
Benches_____________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Cabinets_____________________________
Chairs_______ _______________________
Desks________________ _____ _________
Repairs______________________________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs. |
Auto license tags______________________
Highway markers_____________________
Signs________________________________
Tags, miscellaneous___________________
Metal products, miscellaneous_____________
Stainless steelware____________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Quarrying and rock crushing______________
Lime and agricultural limestone________
Stone, crushed________________________
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Covers, mattress______________________
Labor, only___________________________
Pillowcases________ : __________________
Sheets_______________________________
Spreads______________________________
Ticks, bed____________________________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Wood products___________________________
Lumber___________________ ____ ______
Wood, fuel___________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.
STATE PENITENTIARY

1, 325, 584

T o t a l ___________________________________
B ro o m s , b ru sh e s , a n d m o p s.
B r o o m s _________________________
M o p s ____________________________
C l o t h i n g ______________________________
A p r o n s __________________________
C h i l d r e n ’ s p l a y s u i t s _____
C o a t s , d r e s s ___________________

See footnotes at end of table.




D ozen.
Each -

3,125
4,068

2,643
133

D ozen.
D ozen.
Each -

88
30
3,027

216
168
9,221

653,187

635,152

$37,245
3,125
4,068

88

216

3,027

2,643
133

30

168

9,221
Or
Oi

T able

A.—K in d , quantity , and

value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , araf institution —Continued

Cn
05

MISSOURI—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

STATE PENITENTIARY—Continued
Clothing—C ontinued.
Coats, work________________ __________
Hats and caps______ _____ _____ _______
Labor only1 _______________ ______ _ .
0
Overalls _______ ___ ___________ ... . .
Overcoats _ __ _ _
_______________
Pajamas and nightgowns________ _____
Pants, work____ _ _________________
Shirts, work___________________ _______
Shoes, new___________________________
Shoes repaired_______________ _____ ___
Suits_______ . ________
. _________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ __
Construction: Buildings_________
Construction: Major repairs to buildings
_
Construction: Miscellaneous_____________
Cordage__- ___ - ______ _______________
Binder twine___ ______ ___________ - _____ __________________
Do. .
Rope - - _________________________
Farm: Cattle____________________________
Beef, dressed..________________________
Cattle__ _ _________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Dairy
___
___________________
Milk, whole
- _____ ___________ . __________ ..
Miscellaneous..__
Farm: Field crops and garden______ _____ _
Ensilage
______ ________________
__
Fodder
Hay
__
Potatoes
Straw..
______ _______________ .
Tobacco
______________________ . .
Wheat............................ .............. .............




Dozen
Dozen. __
Pieces.
Dozen
Each.. .
Dozen _
Dozen. _
Dozen. _
Pairs.. .
Pairs -_.
Each ...
Dozen

Pounds.

22
40
2
89

Pounds
Pounds.
Head ..
Pounds.
Tons _
Tons
Tons
Bushels .
Tons
Pounds.
Bushels.

8

2
204

8

$3,237
1,134
130,226
7, 791
4, 591
180
25, 573
26,150
201,802
2,983
30,876
3, 713
5,260
31,400
585

2,437,342
(■)
1,800,651

148,880
154
168,456

10,448

701

8,840

1,894

373, 578
30
0)

59,921
400
2,516

373, 578
30
0)

59, 921
400
2,516

429,800
(0

10, 745
1,960

429,800
(0

10, 745
1, 960

2, 250
2,653
1,175
28, 253
1, 659
12,000
1,800

8,625
41,674
13,667
19,078
6,927
3,000
1,098

2, 250
2,653
1,175
28, 253
1,659
12,000
1,800

8, 625
41, 674
13,667
19,078
6,927
3,000
1,098

636
203
788,736
736
742
40
2, 507
6,700
126, 586
11,932
2,908
825
0)

70
203
320
742
40
1,629
3,961
25, 915
11,932
2,908
758

566

6,958
10, 277
153, 597

67

8

130,226
3, 552

878
2,739
100,671

4,239
4, 591
180
18,615
15, 873
48, 205
2,983
30,876
3, 595

$2,498

788,736
416

$739
1,134

118

2,426,894
0)
1, 791,811

148,179
154
166, 562

$5,260
31,400
585

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 19 40

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

31, 846

(9

31,846

(})

_
Head_
Pounds.

25
705, 228

125
69, 644

25
705,228

125
69,644

D ozenPounds .
Head_
_

826
137,620
350

124
24, 219
175

826
137,620
350

124
24,219
175

Each.
Each.

249
1,064

5, 753
4,026

245
1,064

5, 657
4,026

4

96

Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.

11
181
8
395
20
599

8
181
6
337
15
592

104

2
58
5
7

(0

169
405
216
1,059
357
962
755

3

(0

273
405
231
1,634
578
1,065
1,071

15
575
221
103
316

Each.

1,426

1,968

1,426

1,968

Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.

1,940,716
20,877
313
75,854

111, 765
25,112
97
3,034

1,940, 716
20,877
96
75,854

111, 765
25,112
24
3,034

217

73

Pieces.

1,780
ri

1,818
1,044

1,780
(>)

1,818
1,044

Tons.
Tons.

10,076
9,212

7,557
7,650

8,246

6,732

10,076
966

7,557
918

75
800

216
583
74
13
52
2
2,423
743
133

75
800

216
583

5
7
6
2,018
855

13
52
2
2,423
743
98

Dozen.
Each..
Dozen.
Dozen.
Each—
Each__
Dozen.

(9

5
7
6
2, 018
855

(9

Bd. ft.
Cases.. .

233,267
(9
(9

33, 750

5,190
1,550
181
38, 227

(9

233,267
(9
(9

33, 750

(9

(9

74

(9

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Miscellaneous_______________________
Farm: Hogs.___ _______________________
Hogs---------------------------------------------Pork, dressed_______________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products______
Eggs---------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed____________________
Poultry, live________________________
Furniture: Metal_______________________
Cabinets, storage____________________
Lockers____________________________
Furniture: Wood_______________________
Beds______________________________
Benches___________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc______________
Chairs_____________________________
Desks_____________________________
Tables_____________________________
Miscellaneous_______________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses_________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags____________________
Highway markers___________________
Signs______________________________
Tags, miscellaneous__________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous___________
Stainless steelware___________________
Miscellaneous_______________________
Quarrying and rock crushing_____________
Lime and agricultural limestone_______
Stone, crushed______________________
Textile products________________________
Bags, cloth_________________________
Covers, mattress____________________
Labor only_________________________
Pillowcases_________________________
Sheets_____________________________
Spreads____________________________
Ticks, bed_________________________
Towels____________________________
Miscellaneous_______________________
Wood products_________________________
Lumber___________________________
Wood, fuel_________________________
Miscellaneous______________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

35

5,190
1, 550
181
38,227

See footnotes at end o f table.




Oi

T able

A.—K in d , q u a n tity,

and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s , 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and in stitu tion —Continued

CR

oo

MISSOURI—
Continued

Unit

INTERMEDIATE REFORMATORY FOR YOUNG
MEN
Total________________
_________ __
Construction: Buildings__________________
Farm: D a iry ______
__________ _____ _
Cattle_________ _______ ______ _
____
Milk, whole - ________ ____________
Miscellaneous.. . . . _ . _______ . . .
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Barley________ ________
___ ______
Corn, field____________________ _______
Ensilage.. . . . ___. . . ________ . . . . . .
Hay______ _________ __________ . . .
Oats__________________ _ . . . _______
Potatoes___________ . . . . ________
W heat.. ___________________ . . .
Miscellaneous____ _____ ____ ___ . . .
Farm: Hogs_______________________ ______
Hogs... _____ _____ _____________
Pork, dressed___ .. ______ ______ _
Farm: Poultry and poultry products____ .
Eggs________________ _____________ .
Poultry, dressed
Furniture: Wood_____
..
... _ ... _
Beds. .. ______________ ._
. __ .
Benches _
_____
_________ _
Bureaus, chiffoniers, e t c . . . _________ .
Cabinets. ___________ ________ _
Chairs________________ _____ _____ _
Desks______ . . . _____ .. __________
Repairs. _____ ________ ______ ____
Tables.
. . . ____ ______ ______ .
Miscellaneous..
..
.
. . .
. . .
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed.




172

Head..
Pounds.
Bushels.
Bushels.
Tons.
Tons
Bushels.
Bushels.
Bushels.
Head..
Pounds.
Dozen
Pounds.

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

$62,125

20
24

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Value

8,500

70

4
2
22

6)

Tons___ . . . 30

$53,043

1,630
15,831
1,642

87
791,574
0)

60
2,550
3, 520
5,304
250
3,700
1,890
4,117

100
4,250
880
663
625
5,500
1.890
d

60
2, 550
3, 520
5, 304
250
3, 700
1,890
4,104

246
44,240

1,722
5,955

246
44, 240

1,570
505

10,468
2,524

82
12
394
370
6
98
70
220
122
2,005

I
55
117
12
5

12
370
370
6
98
44
220

Value

$582

8,500

1, 570
505

11
1
58
117
12
5

Piece price

1, 722
5, 955

10,468
2,524

Quantity

1,315
15, 831
1,642

100
4,250
880
663
625
5,500
1.890
d

Value

$8, 500
0)

129
791, 574
(9

Each..
Each..
Each..
Each. _
Each. _
Each___
Each.. .

Quantity

State account

0)

83
0)
2,005

0)

83

2,005

2,005

42

315

13

0)

ll

82

3

24

0)

26

(9

122

Quantity

Value

PRISON* LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Average
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

MONTANA
STATE PRISON

120

Clothing
_
_
Aprons
..............
__ _
Coats, dress _____ __
Coats, work ________ __ _ _
__
Hats and caps___ _____
Overalls _
__________ ____ .
Pants, dress
Shirts, work _
. .. ___ _ _ _ _
Shoes repaired, _ __
__ ___...
Underwear, men’s and boys’ __ ___ _ _
Farm: D airy...____________ '_ _ ___ ___ __
______ _
Beef, dressed _
__
Butter___ _
. _ ___ _________
Cattle___ _ _____ __________
___
Cream._ _ ___ __ _ __ _ ____________
Milk, whole.__ __ _.
__ ________
Farm: Field crops and garden ___ _ _ _ _ _ _
Barley_______ _______________ ____
_ _ __
Hay___
_ _ _ _________ _
Oats___ ___ _ __ ___ __________ ____
- Potatoes_______ _ _ __________ .
W heat...
_ __ _________________
Miscellaneous.
_ __ _ __________
Farm: Hogs. _
_ _
_________
Hogs________________________ _______
Pork, dressed___________________ ____
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs_________________________________
Poultry, dressed____________________ _
Poultry, live________________________
Metal products: Auto license tags. _ _ _____
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Soap and other detergents: Soap____ ____
Textile products__________________________
Sheets_________
_________________
Towels._____ __ _____ __ _________
Wood products: Wood, fuel_______ _____ ___

15

Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen...
Each
Dozen. _
Pairs.
Dozen
Pounds.
Pounds.
Head
Pounds.
Pounds.
Bushels.
Tons
Bushels.
Bushels.
Bushels.
Head_
_
Pounds.

10

27

2
3

Dozen
Pounds.
Head_
_
Each_ ___ 23
_
35
2
Pounds.
2
Dozen...
Dozen
1

$78, 506

$184

$78, 322

12
20
59
56
331
52
315
1,150
34

29
120
706
84
4,680
208
2,764
690
168

12
20
59
56
331
52
315
1,150
34

29
120
706
84
4, 680
208
2,764
690
168

18,328
3,152
40
29,160
312, 300

1,998
946
1, 000
3, 650
7,807

18, 328
3,152
40
27,720
312, 300

1,998
946
1, 000
3,466
7,807

944
1,019
7,178
18, 324
727
0)

408
4,913
1, 952
5,131
436
2,690

944
1,019
7,178
18, 324
727

0)

408
4,913
1, 952
5,131
436
2,690

1
63,984

15
6, 398

1
63,984

15
6, 398

10,416
4,694
150
407,800
(0
62,400

2, 292
1,025
225
11,749
12,000
1,872

10,416
4,694
150
407,800
0)
62,400

2, 292
1,025
225
11, 749
12, 000
1,872

187
80

1,346
60
1,144

187
80

1, 346
60
1,144

0)

0)

1,440

184

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Total____________ _____________________ _

See footnotes at end of table.




Or

CD

160

T able A.— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prison s, 1940 , by State, system , and institution— Continued

NEBRASKA

Unit

ALL INSTITUTIONS




Dozen.
Each....
D ozenEach__
Doz. pr.
Dozen-Dozen-_
Dozen. .
Each....
Dozen..
Each__
Dozen...
D ozenPairs__
Pairs__
Each....
D ozenDozen. .

8

Pounds .
Pounds.
H eadPounds .
Pounds.

Value

26

Quantity

!2,692

382

2, 721
1,433

382

15
350
444
1,999
954
302
783
326
56
589
278
2,794
9,481
4,302
864
196
31
0)
1,763
C)
1
0)
0)

75
3,252
293
1,979
633
646
5, 549
2,651
412
1,612
2,013
13,199
15,600
2,119
6, 515
626
94
71
1, 724
72,701
12,742
3,272

15
350
444
1,999
954
302
783
326
56
589
278
2, 794
9,481
4,302
864
196
31
0)
1,763

19,187
164

2,418
5,268

10,551
2,172
206
2,995
2, 515,840

971
572
4,160
384
56,722

10, 551
2,172
42

971
572
1,130

2, 515,840

56, 722

Quantity

$88,715

75
3,252
293
1,979
633
646
5, 549
2,651
412
1,612
2,013
13,199
15,600
2,119
6,515
626
94
71
1, 724

2,418
11, 743

Value

Value

$15,693

2,721
1,433

19,187
274

6
115

Doz. pr.

Pounds.
H ead-

Quantity

State account

0)

0)

8
0)

72, 701
12, 742
3,272

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

Bakery products, commercial____________
Brooms, brushes, and mops: Brooms_____
Clothing, other than knit.____ ___________
Coats, dress________________________
Coats, work__________________ ____
Dresses____________________________
Gloves and mittens_________________
. Handkerchiefs---------------------------------Hats and caps---------------------------------Overalls____________________________
Overcoats__________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns_____________
Pants, dress________________________
Pants, work------------------------------------Shirts, work________________________
Shoes, new_________________________
Shoes repaired______________________
Suits_______________________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ _________
Underwear, women’s and children’s . ..
Miscellaneous---------------------------------Clothing, knit: Hosiery-------------------------Construction: Buildings-------------------------Construction: Major repairs to buildings.-.
Construction: Miscellaneous_____________
Farm: Cattle___________________________
Beef, dressed________________________
Cattle---- ----------------------------------------Farm: Dairy___________________________
Beef, dressed________________________
Butter------ -------------------------------------Cattle___________________ ____ ______
Cream___ ____ __________ ____ ______
Milk, whole_________________________

Public works and
ways

State use

$527,100

512

Total.

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

PRISON DAB OR IN THE UNITED STATUS,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Totalpris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

110

6,475

164
2,995

3,030
384

See footnotes at end o f table.




Bushels.
Bushels _
Tons___ —
Tons
Bushels .
Tons _.
Bushels.

106

8
Pounds.

7

Pounds.
Head
1
Head

1,925
1,861
5,877
1,583
242
84
707
15,342

97
3,721
1,670
209
404
38
1,266
0)

1,385
1,861
5,877
1,583
242
84
707
14,832

0)
85,697

16,965
5,766

(0
85,697

15,117
5,766

56,851
7,326
4,836
0)

8,896
1,342
1,785
2,686

49, 338
7, 326
3,782
(0

(0
2

00
11
Dozen..
Dozen...
*
9
84
Cases__

7,614
1,342
1,415
2,686

7, 513

1,282

1,054

370

2

75

5

500

46
260
21

551
841
670
989
206
246

(0

36

312

3,163
663
7,694

0)

312

3,163
663
7,694

1,129,364
5,137
185,001
(0

58,176
5,631
4,695
71

1,129,364
5,137
185,001
0)

58,176
5,631
4,695
71

0)
0)

6
32

Each...
Each ..
Each ..

Pounds.

0)

575

0)

1,004
341
1,702
13,021
410
3,606

0)
0)

855
1,659
(0
0)

1,004
341
1,702
13,021
410
3,606.

23,224
6,939
14,204
32, 771
736

194, 579
(0
7,371
0)
(0

23,224
6,939
14, 204
32, 771
736

276
(0

855
1,659
0)
0)
194,579
(0
7,371

8

276

540

510

551
841
670
989
206
246

36

37

1,848

7

0)

131

0)

0)

46
260
21

9

Each . _

Tons___

7,980

0)

134
3,721
1,676
209
404
38
1,266
0)

Each __
Each __
Each __

Each _

8, 111

(0

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Miscellaneous___________ _____________
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Alfalfa seed___ ____ _ _______________
________ _
___
Corn, field______
Ensilage ____________ __
_______
H a y _____________ ___ _____ _
____
Potatoes__________ _ __
_ ______
Straw____
____________ _
___ _
Wheat____ __________ ______ _______
Miscellaneous___ _ _ _ __ _________
Farm: Hogs__________
___ _________ _
H ogs.:._____________
_ __ ______ _
Pork, dressed _
_ ____ _ ________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs_________ : ____ :_ *
Poultry, dressed_______________ _______
Poultry iliv e .. ___ __
_ _____
Do__________________________
Farm: Miscellaneous... _______ _
Livestock_______ . . . _______ ____
Furniture: Wood________________________
Benches_______________________ ____
Chairs__________________ __________
Desks_______________________________
Repairs.... .............. . . . ___ _
Tables______________________
Miscellaneous______ _ _____ _ ___ _
Furniture: Other than metal or w o o d _____
Mattresses___________________________
_ __
Repairs_________ __ _____
Grain-mill products: Feed, stock __ _ ___
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags________________ ____
__
Highway markers............... ...... ...
Tags, miscellaneous. I_____
______
Metal products: Miscellaneous_____ ____ _
_
______ ___________
Textile products_
Auto certificate holders________________
Bags, cloth____ ________ _____________
Pillowcases________________________ _
Sheets_____ __________________________
Miscellaneous. _______________________
Wood products: Mill work ____________ __
Other manufactured products __________ _
Beef, dressed____________ ________ ____
Canned fruits and vegetables___________
Do__________ ____ ________________
Electricity____________ _______ _ ___
Insecticides, deodorants, and related
chemical compounds.

T able A.— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system , and institution — Continued

i
—1
O

NEBRASKA-Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

ALL institutions—continued
Other manufactured products—Continued.
_
Labor only (canning)_ _______ _ ___
Meat products, miscellaneous............... .
Pork, dressed _______________________
Pounds _
Repairs (harness) ___________________
Tobacco, smoking._____________ _______ Pounds.
STATE PENITENTIARY
Total____________ _
Bakery products, commercial___ __________
Brooms, brushes, and mops: Brooms_____
Clothing, other than knit______________ _
Coats, work________ ____________ _ _
_ ._
__
___
Dresses......... ...
Gloves and mittens___ _______________
Handkerchiefs_______ _______________
Hats and caps_ _____ ____________ __
_
Overalls______ __ .__ __________ __ _
Overcoats. __ _ . _ _ ______ ____
Pajamas and nightgowns______
Pants, dress___________________ ___ _
Pants, work_ __________________ _
_
Shirts, work__ _______
___________
Shoes repaired.__ _
_ ________ __
Suits _ _
__
__________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ . _____ _
Miscellaneous
............... ..............
Clothing, knit: Hosiery ________
__
Construction: Buildings
Construction: Major repairs to buildings

Dozen. __
Dozen .
Each
Doz. pr
Dozen __
Dozen _
Dozen _
Each ..
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs
Each
Dozen
Doz. pr_.

Pounds_
________ _____________________ _ Head...
Cattle

Beef, dressed




8
6
76

13
38
20

2

9

$117
27,693
10,707
546
3,834

(9
(9
100,893
(9
14,025

$117
26,645
10,707
546
3,834

(9

135,146

223, 992

270

C onstruction: M iscellaneous

Farm: Dairy

(9
0)
100,893
0)
14,025

382

2,721
1,433

382

350
240
1,999
917
302
783
326
45
589
278
2,319
4, 202
864
196
(9
1,763
(9
(9
(9

3,252
117
1,979
611
646
5, 549
2,651
323
1,612
2,013
10, 563
2,119
6, 515
626
18
1,724
72,701
12,742
3,272

350
240
1,999
917
302
783
326
45
589
278
2,319
4, 202
864
196
(9
1,763

3, 252
117
1,979
611
646
5,549
2,651
323
1,612
2,013
10,563
2,119
6, 515
626
18
1,724

10,551
42

971
1.130

10, 551
42

$88,715

2,721
1,433

(9

(9

(9
(9
0)
971
1.130

72, 701
12, 742
3,272

$1,048

131

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

fcO

Miscellaneous___________________
Farm: Field crops and garden

Bushels.

11,265
131

463,872

11, 265

248
466
7
38
396

248
466
7
38
396

(9

130
1,862
70
84
238
4,691

(9

130
1,862
70
84
238
4,691

23
45,317

267
2,437

23
45,317

267
2,437

11,743
5,976

Pounds.

1,880
1,112
234

11, 743
5,976

1,880
1,112
234

551
841
670
989
206
246

46
260
21

463,872
27

(9

Hay
Bushels.
Farm: Hogs
Hogs
Eggs

Pounds.
Pounds.

9

STATE REFORMATORY FOR MEN
Total.........................................................
Clothing: Shoes, new_________ . ____ _ _ Pairs_
_
Farm: Cattle
__________ _ _____ _ _ _
Beef, dressed-..__________ __ ___
Pounds _
_ _ _ _ _ _ ______ ____ _ __ _ Head
Cattle__
Farm: Dairy
Milk, whole _ ______ _
Pounds _
Miscellaneous
________________________




(9

Each

Desks
Repairs
Each
Tables
Miscellaneous
Furniture: Other than metal or wood
Mattresses
Each
Each
Pillows
Grain-mill products: Feed, stock
Tons___
Textile products
Auto certificate holders
Bags, cloth
Miscellaneous
Wood products: Mi 1 work
1
Other manufactured products
Canned fruits and vegetables
Electricity
Insecticides, disinfectants, and related
chemical compounds.
Repairs (harness)
Tobacco, smoking
Pounds.

See footnotes at end of table.

2

46
260
21
0)

2
6
2

36

(0

276
521
312
(!)
(!)

(9

(9

36

(9

276
521
312

3,163
663
7, 694

551
841
670
989
206
246
3,163
663
7, 694

0)
(9

1,004
341
238
3,606

(9
(9
(9
(9

1,004
341
238
3,606

(9
(9
(9

6,204
32, 771
736

(9
0)
(9

6,204
32, 771
736

0)

9
39

546
3,834

(9

546
3,834

14,025

13

14,025

169,745

135
36
8

13l

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Furniture: Wood
Benches
______

2

(9

162,400

9,481

15,600

9,481

18, 377
269

2,312
11, 217

18, 377
162

2, 312
5,117

1,689,062
(i)

37, 568
7.980

1,689, 062
(i)

7, 345

15,600

37,568
7.980

107

6,100

05

CO

T able A .— K in d ,

qu antity, and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued

NEBRASKA— Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

STATE REFORMATORY FOR MEN—Continued
Farm: Field crops and garden_ __________
_
1
Corn, field .._____ * __________________
Ensilage___________________________ __
Hay__r_____________ ________________
Wheat____ ____ ___________ ________ -.
Miscellaneous__________ ____ _________
Farm: Hogs________________ ______ _____
Hogs.. _ _______
Pork, dressed_______ -___________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products ___
Eggs___
__________ _____ __________
Poultry, live______________________ Metal products: Tags, highway markers,
and signs.
Auto license ta g s_______ _________
Highway markers___ _______ __ - Tags, miscellaneous.- __
- ____
Metal products: Miscellaneous_______ ___
Other manufactured products.. __________
Canned fruits and vegetables
___Labor only ( c a n n i n g ) _____________

32

2

Dozen _ _

32
Each___
Each___
Each_
_
(\

Cases

$521
2,340
120
362
2,717

1,086
780
24
697
(9

$521
2,340
120
362
2,717

476
37,606

6,325
3,117

420
37,606

5,633
3,117

56

$692

27,583
0)

4,501
3,751

24, 343

3,948
3,751

3,240

553

0)

58,176
5,631
4,695
71

1,129,364
5,137
185,001
0)

58,176
5,631
4,695
71

1,902
0)

3

Head
Pounds _

1,086
780
24
697
0)

1,129,364
5,137
185,001
0)

Bushels.
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.

2,624
117

1,902
O

2,624
117

STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN

Clothing
__________________ _______
Coats, dress___________________ ______
____________________ _____
Dresses
Handkerchiefs___ ______ ______ ________
Pajamas and nightgowns______ ________
Shirts, work _____ ____ ______________
Underwear, women's and children's____
Miscellaneous------- --------------------- --------




-.-.32,671.

21

_____ _____________________ - ___

3

15
204
37
11
475
31

Each___
Each___
Dozen __
Dozen _ _
Dozen _ _
Dozen _ _
0)

___ 31,291.

75
176

15
204
37
11
475
31

22

89
2,636
94
53

0)

75
176
22

89
2,636
94
53

____1,380

Value

1940

Total

Quantity

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED (STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Total.

Pounds.
Head....

810
5

106
526

810
2

106
151

Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.

2,172
2,995
199,481

572
384
4,786

2,172

572

199,481

4,786

Bushels.
Bushels.
Tons_
_
Tons_
_
Bushels.

134
105
90
122
404

97
105
90
122
404

0)

1,925
69
315
987
242
465

0)

1,385
69
315
987
242
465

177
2, 774

2,744
212

177
2,774

2,744
212

2,641
1,350

313
230

2,103
1, 350

252
230

855
1,659
0)
0)

1,702
13,021
172
735

Head....
Pounds.
Dozen..
Pounds.

(2
)

855
1,659
0)
0)

Dozen _
Dozen _

GENOA STATE FARM

Farm: Dairy______________________
Cattle_________________________
Milk, whole____________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_______
Corn, field_____________________
Ensilage_______________________
Hay___________________________
Wheat_________________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Farm: Hogs_______________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products.
Eggs---------------------------------------Poultry, live___________________
Farm: Miscellaneous_______________
Livestock______________________
Other manufactured products_______
Beef, dressed___________________
Canned fruits and vegetables____
Meat products, miscellaneous___
Pork, dressed__________________
See footnotes at end o f table.




1, 702 .
13,021
172
735

100,692

3

375

2,995

384

37

540

538

81

93,855

6,837

Head....
Pounds.

164
163,425

3,030
3,103

163,425

3,103

Bushels.
Tons_
_
Tons_
_
Bushels.

2,281
340
56
173
(0
0)

1,141
1,360
406
107
7,469
7,629

2,281
340
56
173
(0
(0

1,141
1,360
406
107
6.959
6,473

(0
(0

14,884
1,396

%

182
486

11,149
342

1, 534
116

3,735
1,054

648
370

2

75

DozenHead...
HeadPounds.
Cases. -.
Pounds.

1
~33~

7

575

5

500

194,579
5,469
0)
100,893

23, 224
11, 580
27, 693
10,707

194, 579
5,469
(0
100,893

23,224
11, 580
26,645
10, 707

164

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Cattle-------------- ------ --------------------Beef, dressed_________________________
Cattle_______________________________
Farm: Dairy_____________________________
Butter_______________________________
Cream___ . ___________________________
Milk, whole__________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden-------------------Alfalfa seed___________________________
Corn, field___________________________
Ensilage_____________________________
Hay_________________________________
Potatoes_____________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs_____________________________
Hogs------------------------------------------------Pork, dressed_________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs-------------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed______________________
Textile products__________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

0)

3,030

510
1,156

1,048
0
01

T

able

A .— K in d, quantity, and value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued

O
O*

N E VA D A

STATE PRISON
Total_______________ ______ ______________
Farm: Dairy_____________________________
Beef, dressed_____ __________ ________
Butter____________ ____ _____ ______
Cattle_____ _______ ___________ ______
Cream_______________________________
Milk, whole_______________________ __
Farm: Field crops and garden...___________
Hay_____________ . . . . . . . . ________
Wheat... _______ _ ___________ ____
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs_ __________ ________ _______
_
Hogs_________________________________
Pork, dressed____
. . . . . . . ____. . .
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs_____: ___________________________
Poultry, dressed___________________ . . .
Poultry, live_______________________ ._
Metal products: Auto license tags..................

Unit

Pounds.
Pounds.
Head
Pounds.
Pounds.
Tons
Bushels.
Head_
_
Pounds.
Dozen ..
Pounds.
Head_
_
Each___

17
3

5,112
3,472
28
1, 771
112,400

531
1,042
1,890
206
3,272

400
167

3,200
117
100

1

2

0)

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

$16,549

10

1

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

•Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

$16,549
5,112
3,472
28
1,771
112,400

531
1,042
1,890
206
3, 272

400
167

3,200
177
100

0)

75
5,110

750
511

75
5,110

750
511

4,616
664
445
106,643

692
116
222
3,900

4,616
664
445
106,643

692
116
222
3,900

NEW H A M P S H IR E

Olay, cement, and stone products________ _
Concrete pipe _ ______________________
Concrete posts__________________ _ . . .
Cribbing, concrete____ _____________ .
Construction: Buildings__________________ Each___
Farm: Cattle____________________________ Head_
_
Farm: Dairy__________________________ _
Milk, whole............................................. Pounds.




205

$127,287

96

3
1
5

1
31

30,334
1,922
9,071
2,930
2,340

208, 581

8,243

0)
(0
0)

$121,817
0)
(0
(0

208, 587

30, 334
1,922
9, 071
i
8,243

$2, 540

$2,930

2,930

31

2,340

Quantity

Value

1940

STATE PRISON
Total____ _______________________________

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATE S,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

13

Head_
_
Pounds.
Each.
Each.
Each.

”2

1

(0

4,854

00

Farm: Field crops and garden.
Miscellaneous___________
Farm: Hogs________________
Hogs----------------------------Pork, dressed___________
Metal products_____________
Auto license tags________
Printing and binding________
Envelopes______________
Letterheads_____________
Miscellaneous___________
Quarrying and rock crushing. _
Sand___________________
Stone, crushed__________

(0

4,854

20, 500

1,845

20
0
1,845

40

304, 748

22,963

304, 748

22,963

764,300
703,000

(0

2,322
2, 079
25, 308

764, 300
703, 000

(0

2, 322
2,079
25, 308

1,044
10,194

343
12, 533

1,044
10,194

343
12, 533

20"

40

Tons.
Tons.

Bakery products, commercial
________
Clay, cement, and stone products._______
Concrete blocks _ _______ ______ _
Concrete posts. ____________ ____ _
Miscellaneous. ____________ ________
C lothing______________ ______ _ __ . . .
Aprons_________________________ _____
Belts_________________ ___________
Coats, work________________ ____ . .
Dresses_____________ _______________ .
Hats and caps _____ _ ... _____ _____ _
Labor only__________________ ________
Overalls_____
______ . . . . . . . _
Overcoats______ _______ ______ _____
Pajamas and nightgowns _______ _____ .
Pants, work ________ ____________ .
Shirts, dress .. . _________________ .
Shirts, work____ _______________ . . .
Shoes, new_____ _________________
Shoes repaired_______ ____ _______ _____
Suits_________ . . . .. . ______ . . .
Underwear, men’s and boys’ . ._ _____
Underwear, women’s and children’s____
•Miscellaneous.. ________ ____ . . . .
Construction: Buildings__ . . . ._ ________
Construction: Miscellaneous_______________
See footnotes at end o f table.




1,397
Pounds.
Each ..
Each___
Dozen
Dozen .
Dozen .
Each ...
Dozen

10
10

395

Dozen
Each___
Dozen ._
Dozen.
Dozen
Dozen .
Pairs.
Pairs___
Each___
Dozen ..
Dozen...
Each___

10
61

$1,196,169

$1, 224, 044
791,674

28, 583

791,674

27,135
30
0)

3,020
50
82

27,13$
30
0)

3,020
50
82

68
125
289
1,474
73
0)
568
3,329
366
2, 830
191
2,834
28,355
24, 507
5, 776
649
47
0)
1
0)

374
350
11, 208
1, 277
306
7,371
11,454
20, 875
3,289
45,156
871
20, 936
93, 257
19, 523
36, 658
2, 665
256
3,261
16, 875
11,000

68
125
289
1,474
73
0)
568
3,329
366
2, 830
191
2,834
28,355
24, 507
5, 776
649
47
0)

$27,875

28,583

374
350
11, 208
1, 277
306
7,371
11,454
20,875
3,289
45,156
871
20,936
93, 257
19, 523
36, 658
2, 665
256
3,261

1
0)

16, 875
11,000

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

N E W JERSEY
ALL INSTITUTIONS
Total___________ _____ _ . . . ________ _

20
0

25

T

able

A.— K in d, quantity, and value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued

O
00

NEW JERSEY— Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

all institutions—continued




11

Pounds .
Head ___
Pounds .
Head _ _
Pounds_
Pounds.

..

16

Head
Pounds.
5

Dozen
Pounds.
Head_
_
(2
)
36

Each
Each
Each

$1,305
2,164
1,540

26,803
85
284
2,342,315

0)

3,313
6,450
53
80,997
7,298

26,803
85
284
2,342,315
0

3,313
6,450
53
80,997
7,298

240
8, 764
1,410
1,122
32,874
69
2,030
0

2,395
4,034
12,694
13,190
23,687
884
1,258
60,635

240
8, 764
1,410
1,122
32,874
69
2,030
0)

2,395
4, 034
12,694
13,190
23,687
884
1,258
60,635

20,934
17,626
1,346

1,170
173, 837

20,934
17,626
1,346

13,416
6,647
1,292

262
Tons
Bushels .
T o n s__
Tons
Bushels _
Tons ._
Bushels.

0

1,170
173,837

70

$1,305
2,164
1,540

3,541
1,316
1,938
282

13,416
6,647
1,292

3, 541
1,316
1,938
282

735
7
339

6,047

735
7
339

6,047

8,799
54
0

0

0

0

8,799
54

0

0

8
8

170
1,528

0)

8
8

170
1,528

Value

Quantity

1

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

Farm: Cattle__ _______________________
Beef, dressed___________________ _____
__ .
Cattle_________________________
Miscellaneous__________ _____ ___ _____
Farm: Dairy_____________ __________
Beef, dressed___________ ____ ________ _
Cattle_______________ ___ ______ _____
Cream_____________________ _ _ _____
Milk, whole ________________ _ ___
Miscellaneous Farm: Field crops and garden
Beets, mangel _ _.
Corn, field.. ______
Ensilage______ _____ ______ _
Hay............................
Potatoes____________
_____
Straw.______ ________ ______
Wheat.. _ ________
______
Miscellaneous_________ ____________
_____
Farm: Hogs________ ____
Hogs_____ __________ ______
Pork, dressed___ ________ . _
Miscellaneous .
______
Farm: Poultry and poultry products . __
Eggs
Poultry, dressed_______________ _
Poultry, liv e ._ _________________
Farm: Miscellaneous___ ___________
Furniture: Metal__________________
Beds________ ______ ______________
Tables___ ____________________
Wastebaskets________ ________
Miscellaneous_________ _______________

Quantity

State account

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

408102




Pounds.

76

Each.
Each.
Each.
Sets-.

74

Pieces.
Each_.
Pieces.
Gallons.
Each.
Each.
Pounds.
Sq.yd
Sq. yd.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Each.
Each.

3
106

15
59
12

7

Each.
Cases . . .
Pounds.

53

23

3,905
1,497
13, 231
56
7, 268
2,371
7,795
2,358
13,599

345
64
2,263
4
323
72
423
0)
453, 295

3,905
1,497
13,231
56
7.268
2,371
7, 795
2, 358
13, 599

2,369,465

15
68

345
64
2,263
4
323
72
423
0)
453,295

196,666

2,369,465

196, 666

1.790
2,030
1,896
(0
3, 573
(0
15,000
1,557
0)
7,366

6, 922
19, 625
11,416
979
5, 259
270
150
1,101
1,867
9, 779

1,790
2,030
1,896
0)
3, 573
0)
15, 000
1, 557
0)
7,366

6.922
19,625
11,416
979
5, 259
270
150
1,101
1,867
9, 779

5,362, 200
1,396, 000
0)
660, 689

19, 601
4,105
52, 258
50, 386

5, 362, 200
1, 396, 000
0)
660, 689

19, 601
4,105
52, 258
50,386

105,280
6,065

35,835
11. 524

105, 280
6,065

35, 835
11,524

797
24
29
1,131
(’)

2,257
86
257
5,917
108

797
24
29
1,131
0)

2,257
86
257
5,917
108

14,050
9
0)
•
58

843
102
2,084
270

14,050
9
0)
58

843
102
2,084
270

74,208
21, 354
13, 763

37,101
169,875
0)

74, 208
21,354
13, 763

37,101
169,875
0)
0)
p)

131
7,431

0)
0)

131
7, 431

1

1

169

See footnotes at end of table.

Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
EachEach.
Each.

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Furniture: W ood_________________________
Benches______________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Chairs______________________________
Chairs, upholstered__________________
Davenports, sofas, etc_________________
Desks________________________________
Tables___________ ___________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Laundry, commercial_____________________
K Metal products: Tags, highway markers,
2
and signs.
Auto license tags______________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Castings_____________________________
*0
Castings (road signs)__________________
Chains, tire__________________________
Chains, miscellaneous_________________
Galvanized wire______________________
Repairs______________________________
Tin cans_____________________________
Tinware_____________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Paint____________________________________
Printing and binding_____________________
Envelopes____________________________
Letterheads__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Soap and other detergents: Soap___________
Textiles__________________________________
Cotton yard goods, light_______________
Wool yard goods______________________
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______ _____ __________________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Wood products___________________________
Baskets (fruit)_______________________
Boxes________________________________
Millwork____________________________
Stepladders__________________________
Other manufactured products______________
Canned fruits and vegetables___________
Coffee, roasted________________________
Deodorants, disinfectants, and related
chemical compounds.
Miscellaneous________________________
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing): Repairs
(machine work).

T

able

A .— K in d,

q u a n tity

o

, and value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued
NEW JERSEY— Continued

Total

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

STATE PRISON
355




$520,300

$520,300

21,577

616,478

21, 577

67
9,680
306
10,390
5,814
43,796
57,335
12,911
435

8

67
9,680
306
10,390
5,814
43,796
57,335
12,911
435

148
64
4
72
368

2,167
1,497
56
2,371
6,358
717
196, 666
9, 779

2,167
1,497
56
2,371
6,358
717
196,666
9,779
5,950
1,630
35,678
50,386
102
1,320
764
21,354
13, 763

236
73
504
750
2,744
16,381
1,662

(9

(9

2,369,465
7, 366
1,691,000
504,000

(9

660, 689

5, 950
1,630
35,678
50,386

9
198

102
1,320
764

169, 875

21,354
13, 763

(9
(9

Value

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

19 4 0

Bakery products, commercial
Pounds _
616,478
7
Clothing-- __ _____ _ ________________
125
Aprons ___________________________
8
Dozen _
Coats, w o r k _____________________
236
Dozen..
Hats and caps
. .
Dozen _
73
Overalls_______________________ _
Dozen... —
504
Overcoats __________________
Each.
750
Pants, work_____________________
2,744
Dozen .
Shoes, n e w ______ _______________
Pairs...
16,381
Suits
_ ____________________ _
Each ._
1,662
Miscellaneous____________________
(9
Furniture: W ood____________ _______
33
Benches... _ ______ _______
148
Each
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________ Each
64
Chairs, upholstered__ ____ ______ _ __ Each
4
Desks
_ . ...
Each
72
Tables
Each
368
Miscellaneous.. __ _________________
0)
Metal products: Auto license tags
Each___
6 2,369,465
8
Paint
Gallons.
7, 366
3
Printing and binding
6
6
Envelopes
Each
1,691,000
Letterheads
Each
504,000
Miscellaneous
(9
Soap and other detergents: Soap _____
Pounds.
15
660,689
Wood products
________________
6
Boxes
Each
9
M illwork
Pieces
198
Miscellaneous
(9
Other manufactured products
_ _
9
Coffee, roasted
Pounds.
169,875
Deodorants, disinfectants, and related
(9
chemical compounds.

Quantity

State account

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

23

M iscellaneous (nonm anufacturing): Repairs
(m achine w o r k ).

0)

7, 431

0)

7, 431

STATE PRISON FARM— BORDENTOWN
Tnta.1
C la y , cem ent, and stone p r o d u c t s __
Con nrAta blocks
OfmnrAtA pnsts

CnnstrnVtinn! B uildings
F arm : D a iry

E ach. _
E a c h ___
Pairs
E a c h ___




3,020
50
82
14, 279
16,875

27,135
30
)
17,350

____________

3,020
50
82
14, 279

1,434
860
53
14,189
1,582

9, 766
16
284
381,398
)

$16, 875

_____________ ---

________ ____________ —

1,434
860
53
14,189
1, 582

240
2,901
632

19, 619
)

2,395
1,786
5,690
2, 490
14,094
12,962

2,395
1, 786
5,690
2, 490
14,094
12,962

273
52,383
)

B ushels .
T on s
Tons
B u sh els.

27,135
30
17, 350

240
2,901
632

1
0
2
1

77

5, 563
5,465
282

(0

1

(0

10
0

5
H ea d
P ounds _

0

0

0

0

10
0

19,619

(0

273
52,383
)

0

1

16.875

5, 563
5,465
282

(2
)
E ach

339

170

339

170

3, 573
1,557
)

5,259

3, 573
1,557
)

5, 259

2
0

Pieces
Pieces

0
10
1

P oun d s.

3
7

P ounds .
H ead
17

10
,1 1

1,867

0

0)

494,410

56
3, 227
814
10,174
)

0

7,006

10
,1 0
1Oil
,
10
,2 0
18,397

10
,2 2
6,759
7,477
22, 386

10
,1 1

1,867

126,159

126,159
175,196
7,422
31

P ou n d s.

Farm: Field crops and garden_________ . . .
Corn, f i e l d ..____________________ ____ Bushels .
H a y _____________________ __________ Tons . .
Bushels.
Potatoes_____ _____________
Miscellaneous_______________________ -

See footnotes at end of table.

94,673

9, 766
16
284
381,398

25

H ead
Pounds
P ou n ds.

STATE PRISON FARM— LEESBURG
T o t a l___________ ___________________________________
B ak ery products, com m ercial_____________
_
F a rm : C a ttle ____________ _______________________
B eef, dressed_________________________________
C attle .
_________________________________
M iscellaneous. ______________________________
F a rm : D a ir y
___________ ____________________
M ilk , w hole . . ....... ...........................................

111, 548

1
0

175,196
7, 422
31

0)

_________

7,006

10
,1 0
1Oil
,
10
,2 0

494, 410

18,397

3, 227
814
10,174
)

, 759
7,477
22, 386

0

10
,2 2
6
h-1

= = = = =

—

APPEN DIX A ---- GENERAL TABLES

OattlA
Cream
____
_ _
_____ __
___
_______ __ _
M ilk , w hole
Miscellaneous
Farm : F ield crops an d garden
B eets, m angel _
_____
___
___
C orn, field _
Ensilage
_
__________
___
H ay
Potatoes
M i s c e ll a n e o u s ____
___________
_____
F arm : H ogs
H op's
P ork , dressed
____ ___________ __ _
F arm : M iscellaneous
___________
Furniture: M e ta l __ __ _____ _______
W asteha-slrets
M e ta l products
______ ____________
_
Calva/niy.ed ware
_____________ _______________ __
T in w are
M i seel la.n eons

168

T able A .— Kind, quantity, and value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued

•<T
to

N EW JERSEY— Continued

Public works and
ways

State use

3

24

230
31,050
0)
25,926

$3, 808
2,795
225
52,793

268
29
1, 277
120
322
2,956
871
19,906
2,665
256
2, 826

1, 377
23

205
1,153
340

Value

230
31,050
0)
25,926

$3,808
2, 795
225
52, 793

STATE REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN
Total - _________________________________

128

Clothing
_________________________ ___
Aprons . ________________________
Coats, w o rk _________________________
Dresses ___________________________ Labor only. - ________________ ___
Overalls.
- - - - - ___________ ___
Pajamas and nightgowns______________
Shirts, dress -. - _____________________
Shirts, work_______ ____ _________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ______ _ Underwear, women’s and children’s.. .
Miscellaneous ___ __________ ___ _
Farm: Cattle
-- ________________ .
Beef, dressed __ ___________ _______
___________ _ _ _ _ _
Cattle
Miscellaneous
________
_ _
Farm: Dairy
______ ______________ _
Milk, whole
_
_ _
Farm: Field crops and garden______ _____
Hay
Potatoes
Wheat
Miscftllanenns
Farm: Hogs_____________________________
Hogs____ ____________________________

62




Dozen..
Dozen
Each
Dozen..
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen. .
Dozen
Pounds .
Head...
Pounds
Tons
Bushels
Bushels.
Head_
_

—

4
—

7
33

3

70, 560
54
6
1, 474
0)
25
339
191
2,765
649
47
0)

268
29
1, 277
120
322
2,956
871
19,906
2,665
256
2,826

1, 377
23

205
1,153
340

0)

70, 560

0)

217, 262

8,082

217, 262

8, 082

36
962
80

733
577
48
6, 761

36
962
80

733
577
48
6,761

104

2. 250

104

2, 250

0)

Piece price

54
6
1, 474
0)
25
339
191
2,765
649
47
0)

Quantity

state prison farm—leesburg—continued

Hogs____________________ ______ ______ Head
Pork, dressed.____ ___________________ Pounds.
Miscellaneous___________________ _
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits Cases.. .
and vegetables.

State account

1940

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

PRISON LABOR IN TH E UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

0)

Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

Pork, dressed_________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products.
Eggs--------------------- ------ ---------Poultry, dressed...........................
Poultry, live__________________
Laundry, commercial____ _____ ____

Pounds.

11,900

1, 220

11, 900

1,220

Dozen...
Pounds.
Head__
Pounds.

7, 745
4,175
804
453, 295

2,064
826
1,206
13, 599

7, 745
4,175
804
453,295

2,064
826
1,206
13, 599

STATE REFORMATORY—RAHWAY
Total_______________________ _____

270, 591

270, 591
Dozen.
Dozen.
Each..
Dozen.
Pairs ..
Each..
Head__
Pounds.
Pounds.

16
39
2,579
28
11,974
4,114

275
742
15,061
427
35,922
23, 747

16
39
2,579
28
11, 974
4,114

275
742
15,061
427
35,922
23, 747

18
374, 941
3, 960
0)

1,170
13,947
597
1,580

18
374,941
3,960
0)

1,170
13,947
597
1, 580

<79

2,002
10, 442

79

2,002
10,442

Tons.
0)
Each_
_
Pounds.

0)

372
29,465
0)
0)

4,828
2,972
306
1,121

372
29,465
0)
«

4,828
2,972
306
1,121

735
7

6,047
88
1,528

735
7
0)

6,047
88
1, 528

Each.
Each.
0)
Each
Each.
Each
Each

197
2,263
323
55
0)

1, 738
13, 231
7,268
1, 437
1,641

197
2,263
323
55
0)

1, 738
13,231
7, 268
1,437
1,641

Each_
_
Each_
_
Sets___

1,790
2,030
1,896
(0
0)

6, 922
19,625
11,416
979
270

1,790
2,030
1,896
(0
0)

6,922
19,625
11,416
979
270

2,163,500
872,500
o5

9, 980
2,418
11, 573

2,163, 500
872, 500
0)

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Clothing____________________
Coats, work_____________
Overalls_________________
Overcoats________________
Pants, work-------------------Shoes, new_______________
Suits____________________
Farm: Dairy________________
Cattle___________________
Milk, whole_____________
Beef, dressed_____________
Miscellaneous-----------------Farm: Field crops and garden..
Hay------------------------------Miscellaneous____________
Farm: Hogs_________________
Hogs____________________
Pork, dressed____________
Do__________________
Miscellaneous____________
Furniture: Metal____________
Beds____________________
Tables__________________
Miscellaneous____________
Furniture: W ood____________
Benches_________________
Chairs___________________
Davenports, sofas, etc____
Tables__________________
Miscellaneous____________
Metal products: Miscellaneous.
Castings._____ __________
Do__________ ____ _
Chains, tire______________
Chains, miscellaneous____
Repairs_________________
Printing and binding_________
Envelopes_______________
Letterheads______________
Miscellaneous____________

9,980
2,418
11, 573

Each.
Each.

See footnotes at end of table.




CO

T

able

A.— Kind, quantity, and value of articles produced in State prisons, i 940, by State, system, and institution— Continued
NEW JERSEY—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

STATE REFORMATORY—RAHWAY—continued
Textiles
Cotton yard goods, light
____
Textile products
___
__
Bags, cloth
_ _ .
Wood products
Stepladders
Other manufactured products
Canned fruits and vegetables
Miscellaneous

_
__
__
_ . Sq. yd
________yardSq. yd.
Wool
goods
________
__ _ __ _ Dozen
Towels
_
__

Each
Cases

59

105,280
6,065

$35,835
11, 524

105,280
6,065

$35,835
11, 524

797
1,053

II

2, 257
Dozen
5,686

797
1,053

2.257
5,686

(2
)
8

58

270

58

270

1,963
0)

3, 588
131

1,963
(!)

3, 588
131

STATE REFORMATORY—ANNANDALE
Total__________________ ____ ________

_r

204

Clothing _________ _______ _____ ______
Aprons __
_ _ _
___
__
Belts ____ _________
Coats, work _ _________
_____
Labor only __ _ _________ ___ _ _
Pajamas and nightgowns.. _______
__
Pants, work ... . _______________ ___
Shirts, work ______ ______________ __
Shoes repaired _ _ ______ ___ _
Construction: Miscellaneous__ ____
Farm: Dairy
__
_ ___ ___ _
.
Beef, dressed
____
__
__
Cattle
_ _
Milk, whole
.
_ . . .
Miscellaneous
’Farm* Field crops and garden
Corn, field
Ensilage
Hay_________________________________

48




Dozen
Dozen
Dozen

6
125
31
0)

Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs
Pounds _
Head
Pounds.
Bushels .
Tons
Tons___

124,886

61
14

45

27
58
69
7,157
0)

.

39
350
1,224
7,251
333
933
1,030
5, 244
11,000

$11,000

113,886

27
58
69
7,157

39
350
1.224
7, 251
333
933
1,030
5, 244

6
125
31
0)

(9

13,077
51
874,304
(0

1,282
4,420
26,382
4,136

13,077
51
874,304
0)

1,282
4, 420
26,382
4,136

2,636
778
93

1,046
7,004
1,206

2,636
778
93

1,046
7,004
1,206

11,000

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1 9 4 0

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Straw
Farm: Hogs

___

___________
_____-

-

Farm: Poultry and poultry products___

_

Head...
Pounds.

Dozen.
____._
_
. ____ Each_
__ ___
_ __ Each
Each .
__ _
__

Pillowcases
__
Sheets
_
_ _
__
Towels__
. ________
Miscellaneous
Wood products: Baskets (fruit)
Other manufactured products
Canned fruits and vegetables ..... ...........

1
1
18

1

1, 539
884
1,210
8,084

2,119
69
1,950
(0

1, 539
884
1,210
8,084

191
49,039

4,485
4,868

191
49,039

4,485
4,868

5, 671
0)
15,000

1,477
1, 222
150

5,671
0)
15,000

1,477
1, 222
150

1, 507,700
19, 500
0)

3,671
57
5,007

1, 507, 700
19, 500
0)

3,671
57
5,007

24
29
78

2

2,119
69
1,950
0)

24
29
78

0)
14,050

86
257
231
108
843

0)
14,050

86
257
231
108
843

9,212

17,827

9,212

17,827

Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each_
_
Cases

1
12

NEW MEXICO
PENITENTIARY OF NEW MEXICO
Total___________________________ ________
Clav, cement, and stone products
Brick. _ __ _________________ _____
Building tile____ _______ _
_ _____
C l o t h i n g . . . . . . _ __ ______________
Aprons . _ . _ ______ ____
.
Coats, work . . . _______________
Hats and caps ..
___. . . _____ _ .
Overalls
_ __ _________ __ .
Pants, work.
_
. . .
_
Shirts, work
Underwear, men’s and boys’ _______
Construction: Buildings __
. . . . . . __
Farm: Dairy. ___
_______________
Milk, whole . . . .
_ ______________
Farm: Field crops and garden_____ . . . . . .
Corn, field.. _
.
. .
Ensilage
Miscellaneous________________________

274

$85, 242

$32, 741

$22, 501

$30, 000

89
M _____
Each_
_
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen _
Dozen
Dozen Each___
Pounds.
Bushels.
Tons...

29

840
336,010

8, 521
13, 980

9
31
37
7
157
177
186
1

27
372
44
63
1,178
956
558
30, 000

9
31
37
7
157
177
186

27
372
44
63
1,178
956
558

76, 746

3, 570

76, 746

3, 570

1,200
18

720
360
543

1, 200
18

720
360
543

10
2
105

0)

840
336,010

0)

i

8, 521
13,980

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Poultry
Metal products: Tin cans
Printing and binding
Envelopes
_
Letterheads
_
Miscellaneous

Bushels
Tons ..
Bushels.

30,000

See footnotes at end o f table.




■<1
Cn

T a b l e A.— Kind, quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued
0>

NEW M EXICO-Continued
Aver-

penitentiary of new

Unit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Mexico—continued

Farm: Hogs_______________________
Pork, dressed__________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products.
Eggs---------------------------------------Furniture: Other than metal or wood.
Mattresses_____________________
Metal products: Auto license tags___
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous.

Pounds.
Dozen.
Each___
Each___

3
1
30
2
3

2,712

$325

2,712

737

184

737

184

Q 9
1

6,840
15, 251
1, 750

Q 9
1

6, 840
15, 251
1, 750

305,024
(0

305,024
0)

$325

NEW YORK

Totai

_

ALL INSTITUTIONS
________________________

$2, 712,861

4, 315

$2, 532, 772

$179, 700

$389
========




121
Dozen .
Dozen. _
Each_
_
Dozen
Dozen _
Each
Dozen _
Each
Doz. pr.
Dozen.
Dozen
Dozen. _
Each___
Dozen _
Each___
Dozen.
Dozen.

5, 950
5, 879
1,176
803

47,179
31, 580
343

5,950
5,879
1,176

47,179
31, 580
343

341
76
1,326
928
20,808
2,906
3,471
1, 349
538
4, 869
2,861
5,168
3,460
138

1.434
1, 511
6,162
26,125
12, 317
10,324
2.435
7,631
9,819
30,914
19, 679
18, 261
66, 666
1,821

341
76
1, 326
928
20,808
2,906
3,471
1,349
538
4,869
2,861
5,168
3,460
138

1.434
1,511
6,162
26,125
12,317
10, 324
2.435
7,631
9,819
30^914
19, 679
18, 261
66, 666
1, 821

19 40

Brooms, brushes, and mops
___
Brooms
.
. . .
________ ______
Brushes
_______ ____ ___
Mops
Clothing, other than knit__________
____
_________ _______ _ ..
Aprons
Bathrobes
_________ _
______
Coats, dress
_____________ ____ _
Coats, work
______________________
_______ _____ _
Dresses
Gloves and m ittens_______ ____
Handkerchiefs
_ _____ ______
__ _ _______
Hats and caps
___ ..
Overalls
Overcoats
________
Pajamas and nightgowns
_ ____
Pants, dress
_______
Pants, work
_
_______
Shirts, dress.i-------------- --------------------

Value

PRISON' LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
emValue
ployed Quantity

Shoes, new____
______________
Shoes repaired.
_____ _____ ___
Suits
____
__- ____________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ___________
Underwear\ women’s and "children’s____
Miscellaneous.-_____
__ _ _________
Clothing, knit- ______________________ __
Gloves and mittens__ ________________
Hoisery __ _______________________
Underwear___ __ _________________
Miscellaneous.________
______

Dozen
Pairs___
Pairs ...
Each___
Dozen. . —
Dozen..
Doz. pr .
Doz. pr .
Dozen .

See footnotes at end o f table.




73
566
70

218

23

19

(2
)
149

31, 219
168, 746
20,975
35,986
20,283
5,743
8,618

4.163
105, 227
33, 775
5, 353
3,789
1,387
0)

31, 219
168, 746
20,975
35,986
20,283
5,743
8,618

577
39,674
16,001
0)
1
«

2,170
41,873
60,141
419
68, 568
111, 132

577
39, 674
16,001
0)

2,170
41,873
60,141
419

53,445
198
4,378, 726
0)

6,688
7,817
113,835
2,154

53,445
153
4,378, 726
0)

6,688
7,635
113,835
1,947

3,574
150
1,789
1,692
519
1,684
1,800
28, 360
225
2,336
0)

2,573
84
1, 350
8,680
2,750
19,497
810
21, 500
1,800
2,081
54,014

3, 574
150
1,789
1,692
519
1,684
1,800
28,360
225
2,336
0)

2,573
84
1,350
8,680
2,750
19,497
810
21, 500
1,800
2,081
54,014

444
319, 206
0)

1,938
33,032
360

444
319, 206
0)

1,938
33,032
360

37, 044
24, 215
110
0)
0)

9, 722
4,885
58
106
11

37,044
24,215
110
0)
(0

9, 722
4,885
58
106
11

2,790
2,692
489
515
1,141
250
2
4,608
3, 776

24,443
6,057
1, 537
12,166
1,973
1,000
32
4, 597
34,423

2,790
2,692
489
515
1,141
250
2
4,608
3,776

24,443
6,057
1, 537
12,166
1,973
1,000
32
4, 597
34,423

-

1
0)

68, 568
111, 132
45
0)

182
207

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Each___
Construction: Land development
Farm: Dairy
_ __
Beef, dressed
Pounds.
Head
Cattle
____
Pounds.
Milk, whole
Miscellaneous
Farm: Field crops and garden
_ ___
Apples _ __r_
~
.
___
Bushels.
__
________
Bushels.
B arley ______
Corn, field________ ____ ________
Bushels .
Ensilage______________________ _____
Tons
F o d d e r .................... _ _______ ____
Tons___
Hay________________________________
Tons.. .
Oats____________________ ____ _____
Bushels.
Potatoes__ ___ _ __________________
Bushels .
Straw______ _____________________ .
Tons _.
Wheat___ __________________ _____
Bushels .
Miscellaneous.-. ___________________ _ _ Bushels.
Farm: Hogs
______ _______ __ . . . __ _
Hogs____________ ___________ ______ Head_
_
Pork, dressed..
__ _________
Pounds.
Miscellaneous..______
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_____
Eggs..
----r_
Dozen. _
Poultry, dressed _. _______ _________
Pounds.
Poultry, live. ___ . . . _________ ______ Head _ _
Miscellaneous___ ________________ . . .
Farm: Miscellaneous_____ ____________ __ Each. .
Furniture: M etal-., _____________________
Beds_________________________________
Bedsprings. . ____________________ . . . Each_
_
Benches.-. ___________ ____ __________ Each___
Cabinets________________ _______ ___ Each ...
Chairs. _ _____________ __________ __ Each ...
Crib sides____________________________ Each___
Desks_______ ______ ______________
Pairs___
Document files ._ _______ __________ Each ...
Lockers___ _____ _____________________ Each___

226

4,163
105, 227
33, 775
5, 353
3,789
1,387
0)

T able

A .— K ind, quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution—Continued

■<1
00

NEW Y O R K —Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

all institutions—continued

Furniture: Metal—Continued
Shelving____________________ _________
(0
Tables _____________________________
1,593
Transfer cases___________
1,153
Each
W astebaskets______________
1,100
Miscellaneous________________
(0
Furniture: Wood.
____________ _____
287
Benches- _ - ________ _____ ________ Each
419
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc______________
Each
37
Chairs.
______ ___________ ___ . Each
4,809
Davenports, sofas, etc___________ _
278
Each
Desks____ ______ _____________
414
Each
879
Stools______________ _ ________ __ _ Each
Tables_______________________________ Each
1, 514
Each
7,272
____
Wastebaskets.
Miscellaneous ___ ______ _
0)
Furniture: Other than metal or wood____
103
Each
7,249
Mattresses. _____ ___ . . .
Pillows. _______ _ __ ___
Each
3, 592
Repairs _ __________________
(0
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
151
signs.
Auto license tags________ ____ _
5,807, 542
Each
Brackets for signs__________________ _ Each
14,890
Highway markers________ ___ _
Each
9,028
Tags, dog
.
______ _ _
Each
499,000
Tags, miscellaneous.______ ___
16,126
Metal products: Miscellaneous ..
127
Aluminum ware
Pieces
30,959
Do
0)
Galvanized ware . . .
Pieces
31,016
Miscellaneous
_ _
(0
Printing and binding
.
__ _______
81
Each
Bookbinding and blhnk books. _
4,122
Each___
729, 600
Envelopes____________________________




$12,641
22,071
4,041
351
1,149

0)
1,593
1,153
1,100
0)

$12,641
22,071
4,041
351
1,149

4,558
936
30,966
5,845
13,097
1,301
16,919
3,589
2,705

419
37
4,809
278
414
870
1, 514
7,272
0)

4,558
936
30,966
5,845
13,097
1,301
16,919
3,589
2,705

45,973
3,198
6,555

7,249
3,592
(0

45,973
3,198
6, 555

305,828
396
13, 565
3,200
6,612

5, 807, 542
14, 890
9, 028
499,000
16,126

305,828
396
13, 565
3,200
6,612

11,865
1,756
28,613
4, 334

30,959
0)
31,016
(0 '

11,865
1,756
28.613
4, 334

438
1,074

4,122
729, 600

438
1,074

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

Each.__
Miscellaneous.
_ _ _____ ___ __
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed.
Textiles
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _____
Cotton yard goods, heavy. _ . . . .
Cotton yard goods^ light ____ _____
Duck and canvas

Covers, mattress

Total.

Sq. yd___
Sq. y d...
Sq. yd
Sq. yd
Pounds.
Pounds.

Dozen.
Each...
Each_ —
_
Each. _

See footnotes at end o f table.




120

Dozen.
Dozen.
Each. .
Dozen.
Each _
Each..
Bd. ft..

44

24
Cases
Barrels..
Pounds.
Pounds.
Each __

ALBION STATE TRAINING SCH O
OL
________________
_______

Clothing
__
______
Aprons .................... ........
.........
Dresses___ _ ___________ _______ _
Hats and caps
Pajamas and nightgowns
Shoes, new
Suits
Underwear, men's and boys’
Underwear, women s and children’s
Miscellaneous____ _____ ...

59
1,051

1,398,100
0)
10,333

3,929
24,988
5,818

1,398,100
0)
10,333

3,929
24,988
5,818

250,862
2,223,056
29,379
194,156
688,940
124,005
(0

49,962
287, 554
4,533
176,998
128, 532
99, 204
350

250,862
2,223,056
29,379
194,156
688,940
124.005
0)

49,962
287, 554
4,533
176,998
128, 532
99,204
350

296
580
1,512
2,976
0)
1,773
3,632
5,343
4,225
(0

363
760
2, 778
6,013
32
4, 677
25,863
5,815
10, 539
6,207

296
580
1,512
2,976
(0
1,773
3,632
5,343
4,225
(0

363
760
2, 778
6,013
32
4,677
25,863
5,815
10,539
6,207

481
57,508
11,473
0)
0)

955
3,369
344
1,457
1,097

481
57, 508
11,473
0)
0)

955
3,369
344
1,457
1,097

7,410
57
0)
347.150
24,422
2
(0

9,163
456
1,380
41,655
2,270
68
109

7,410
57
0)
347,150
24,422
2
(0

9,163
456
1,380
41,655
2,270
68
109

Dozen
Each _
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs .
Each .
Dozen
Dozen

21,159

21,159

51
22

39
1, 678
5
45
50
1
90
57
0)

99
1, 232
3
235
13
6
349
137
96

39
1, 678
5
45
50
1
90
57
0)

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Spreads
_ _
___
Towels
__
___
Miscellaneous.
___
Wood products
Baskets . . .
_ __ __
__
____
_____
Handles, broom _
Lumber . __ _ _____
Mill work
_
_ _
_ __
Miscellaneous
...
______
Other manufactured products
Canned fruits and vegetables
Do
Do______ ________ ________
Coffee, roasted
Tobacco, smoking and chewing
Trucks, laundry (canvas).
Miscellaneous

Tons___

99
1, 232
3
235
13
6
349
137
96

•1
<
CO

T

a

— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940 , by State, system ,
b A
l
. e

a

n

institution—

C

d

o

n

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

ALBION STATE TRAINING SCH O
O L—continued
Farm: Field crops and garden_______
Hay___________________________
Potatoes_______________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Farm: Hogs_______________________
Hogs---------------------------------------Pork, dressed__________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products..
Eggs---------------------------------------Poultry, dressed.... ........................
Textile products___________________
Bags, cloth_____________________
Pillowcases____________________
Sheets_________________________
Spreads________________________
Towels.._______________________
Miscellaneous__________________

15

189
2,955
0)

$2, 471
2,216
10, 546

33

99
1, 348

1,052
289

2, 935
1, 541

1,052
289

14
50
369
9
299
227

2
28
33
3
103

14
50
369
9
299
227

189
2,955
0)

$2, 471
2, 216
10, 546

Head....
Pounds.

33
13,866

1, 348

Dozen...
Pounds.

2,935
1, 541
2
28
33
3
103

Tons_
_
Bushels.

Dozen..
DozenDozen..
E ach Dozen. .
0)

0)

ATTICA PRISON
Total.
Clothing.............................
Aprons----- ------------------Coats, work..... ......... .......
Gloves and mittens______
Hats and caps__________
Overalls________________
Overcoats______________
Pajamas and nightgowns..
Pants, work____________
Shirts, work____________
Shoes, new_____________
Shoes repaired......... .........
Suits______ ____ _______
M iscellaneous___________




788
Dozen...
Dozen.. .
Doz. pr.
Dozen...
Dozen...
Each___
Dozen...
D ozenDozen...
Pairs___
Pairs___
Each___

401, 403

418,143

62
26
2
8
219
3
819
3
533
572
3, 503
9,177
481
0)

102
26
14
439
76
6,322
28
9, 530
4,132
7,266
4,600
3, 367

26
2
8
219
3
819
3
533
572
3, 503
9,177
481
0)

102
26
14
439
76
6,322
28
9, 530
4,132
7,266
4,600
3, 367
99

$16,740

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

00

o

NEW YORK—Continued

t

Miscellaneous__________________
Furniture: Metal__________________
Cabinets_______________________
Chairs_________________________
Desks_________________________
Document files_________________
Lockers________________________
Shelving_______________________
Tables_________________________
Transfer cases__________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood.
Repairs________________________
Metal products____________________
Galvanized ware_______________
Miscellaneous__________________
Printing and binding: MiscellaneousTextiles___________________________
Cotton yard goods, light________
Yarn, cotton___________________
Textile products__________ _____ ___
Bags, cloth____________________
Pillowcases____________________
Sheets_________________________
Spreads_______________________
Towels________________ ______
Miscellaneous__________________
Wood products____________________
Lumber_______________________
Miscellaneous________ __________

16, 740

0)

0)

Pounds.
Head_
_
Pounds-

10,769
62
710,612
0)

1, 367
310
17,982
249

10, 769
62
710, 612
0)

Tons___
Bushels.
Tons___
Bushels.

163
1 ,050
72
673
0)

1, 854
7,540
576
673
5,921

163
10, 050
72
673
0)

1,854
7,540
576
673
5, 921

Head_
_
Pounds.

138
30,649
0)

690
3, 371
60

138
30, 649
0)

690
3, 371
60

630

186
518
4

630

186
518
4

515
1,021
2
4,608
3, 776
0)
1,419
1,153
0)

12,166
1,787
32
4, 597
34, 423
12,641
6,633
4,041
726

16, 740

1, 367
310
17,982
249

Dozen.
0)
0)
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each..
Each.
14

515
1,021
2
4,608
3,776
0)
1,419
1,153
0)

1, 735

0)
110

Pieces.

12,166
1, 787
32
4, 597
34, 423
12, 641
6,633
4,041
726

0)
0)

173
983
2, 500

0)
0)

1,735

C)
1
110

0)
0)

173
983
2,500

1,637,683
532,393

143,744
92,210

1, 637, 683
532, 393

143, 744
92, 210

Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Each-.
Dozen.

149
216
271
17
423

111
652
J, 968
10
529
56

149
216
271
17
423

111
652
1,968
10
529
56

Bd. ft.

11,473
0)

344
105

■

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Construction: Miscellaneous_______
Farm: Dairy______________________
Beef, dressed__________________
Cattle (calves)_________________
Milk, whole___________________
Miscellaneous_________________
Farm: Field crops and garden______
Hay__________________________
Potatoes____ __________________
Straw_________________________
Wheat________________________
Miscellaneous_________________
Farm: Hogs______________________
Hogs--------------------------------------Pork, dressed__________________
Miscellaneous_________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products.

Sq. yd._
Pounds.

0)

0)
ii, 4 7 3
0

344
105

See footnotes at end of table.




00

T a b l e A .— K ind, quantity, and value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued

00
to

NEW YOEK—Continued

attica prison—continued
Other manufactured products______
Canned fruits and vegetables___
Tobacco, smoking and chewing,.
Trucks, laundry (canvas)______




Quantity

Value

0)
9,600
2

$1,003
864
68

777, 645
18,945

2,795

777, 645
18,945

1
42
76
98
3
131
270
217
1,848
5,445
277

8
1,865
23
637
58
983
7,936
1,519
3, 878
2,708
2,465

1
42
76
98
3
131
270
217
1,848
5,445
277

1,865
23
637
58
983
7, 936
1, 519
3, 878
2, 708
2,465

Pounds.
H eadPounds .

5,911
36
518, 735
(0

715
540
14,129
1,014

5,911
36
518.735
oJ

715
540
14,129
1,014

Bushels.
Tons_
_
Tons_
_

273
280
146

273
280
146

(>)

197
1,400
1,752
3, 395

0)

197
1,400
1, 752
3,395

H eadPounds .

133
30, 388
0)

399
3,413
172

133
30,388
0)

399
3,413
172

Dozen..

10, 541

2, 395

10, 541

2,395

Pounds.
Each.__.

0)
>,600
2

Dozen-

2,795

Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
Each...
Dozen..
Dozen.
Pairs. Pairs...
Each...

$1,003
864

Public works and
ways

State use

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

AUBURN PRISON
Total-_
Brooms, brushes, and mops: Brooms..
Clothing__________________________
Aprons________________________
Coats, work__________________ r .
Handkerchiefs_________________
Hats and caps--------------------------Overalls_______________________
Overcoats______________________
Pants, work-----------------------------Shirts, work—--------------------------Shoes, new_____________________
Shoes, repaired------------------------Suits__________________________
Farm: Dairy______________________
Beef, dressed----------- ------------—
Cattle________________ ________
Milk, whole___________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_______
Corn, field----------- -------------------Ensilage_______________________
Hay______________ ____ _______
Miscellaneous-------------- --------Farm: Hogs______________ ____ ____
Hogs----------------------------------- —
Pork, dressed.-------------------------Miscellaneous__________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products.
Eggs----------------------------------------

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

See footnotes at end of table.




Pounds _
Each..
EachEach..
Pairs..
Each..
Each..
Each..
Each..
EachEach..
EachEach..

138

5, 769
0)

1,170
102

5,769
(0

1,170
102

2,790
2,692
120
250
173
0)

24,443
6,057
186
1,000
15,431
4

2,790
2,692
120
250
173
0)

24,443
6,057
186
1,000
15,431
4

413
37
1, 258
134
408
1, 389
7,272
0)

4,556
936
11,496
1,485
12,899
15,432
3,589
1,032

413
37
1, 258
134
408
1,389
7, 272
0)

4, 556
936
11, 496
1,485
12,899
15,432
3, 589
1,032

184
120

71

1, 260
110
320

184
120

1,260
110
320

EachEach..
0)
EachEach..
Each..
Each..

0)

5,807, 542
14,890
9,028
16,126

305,828
396
13, 565
6, 612

5,807, 542
14, 890
9,028
16,126

305,828
396
13, 565
6, 612

Sq. yd.
Pounds

194,156
124, 005

176,998
99,204

194,156
124, 005

176,998
99, 204

Dozen...
Dozen...
DozenEach__
Pounds.

63
112
141
216
14,822

189
560
297
536
1,406

63
112
141
216
14,822

189
560
297
536
1,406

Dozen..
Dozen..
DozenDozen _.
Each...
Each...
Dozen..
Dozen _.
Each...
Dozen-

345
1, 760
371
423
2,856
1,332
722
2,142
3,120
2,485
0)

195

437,323
5, 595
1, 321
2, 678
8, 227
16,548
5,994
9,530
15, 423
20,112
15,485
3,896

368,755
345
1,760
371
423
2, 856
1,332
722
2,142
3,120
2, 485
0)

5, 595
1,321
2,678
8,227
16, 548
5,994
9,530
15,423
20,112
15,485
3,896

$68, 568

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Poultry, dressed______________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Furniture: Metal________________________
Beds________________________________
Bedsprings...________________________
Chairs_______________________________
Crib sides____________________________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous___________________ _____
Furniture: W ood________________________
Benches_____________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Chairs_______________________________
Davenports, sofas, etc_________________
Desks_______________________________
Tables_______________________________
Wastebaskets________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Pillows__________________________ ____
Repairs______________________________
Metal products__________________________
Auto license tags______________________
Brackets for signs_____________________
Highway markers_____________________
Tags, miscellaneous___________________
Textiles_________________________________
Wool yard goods______________________
Yarn, wool___________________________
Textile products__________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Towels_______________________________
Wood products: Baskets (willow)__________
Other manufactured products: Tobacco,
smoking and chewing.
CLIN
TON PRISON
Total__.................... ................... .....................
Clothing_________________________________
Coats, work__________________________
Handkerchiefs________________________
Hats and caps________________________
Overalls______________________________
Overcoats____________________________
Pants, dress__________________________
Pants, work__________________________
Shirts, work__________________________
Suits_________________________________
Underwear, men’sand boys’ __________
Miscellaneous________________________

T

a

— bK in d ,
A

.

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued
l
e

9?

NEW YORK—Continued

Cl i n t o n

p r is o n —

Unit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

continued

Construction: Buildings
______
- _ Each___
73
1
Farm: Dairy_____
__________________
8
Beef, d r e s s e d . _______ ____ 1. --- . Pounds.
5,077
........... . _ ___________ ._ Pounds.
Milk, whole
741,195
Farm: Field crops and garden_______
15
Ensilage __ ________________________
425
Tons
Hay______ ____________________ ____ Tons _.
29
Miscellaneous____________________
0)
Farm: Hogs_________________________
3
Pork dressed____________
_ __
Pounds.
52,317
Farm: Poultry and poultry products______
1
Eggs___________________________ ____ Dozen
2,248
Poultry, dressed _ _______________
____ Pounds.
1,669
Textiles_____________________________ ____
453
Cotton yard goods, heavy______________ Sq. yd
576,888
250,862
Cotton yard goods, light____ _____ _____ S q.yd .
Duck and canvas_____________________ Sq.yd _
37,773
Yarn, cotton___________ ______________ Pounds.
156,547
Miscellaneous..... ............ ........... ..............
0)
DANNEMORA STATE HOSPITAL
T ota l--________ ____ ___________________

24
Each___
Dozen.
Dozen. _
Each___
Dozen...
Pairs___
Dozen...
Doz. pr.
Tons___

611
18,961

5,077
741,195

$611
18,961

2,125
174
1,637

425
29
0)

2,125
174
1,637

5,245

52,317

5, 245

569
312

2,248
1,669

569
312

143,145
49,962
4,533
36,322
350

576,888
250, 862
37, 773
156,547
0)

143,145
49,962
4,533
36,322
350

11,844

10

5
4

1

$68,568

372
64
13
257
72
487
137
0)

600

1,116
306
119
638
602
929
660
616
1,039

53

530

11,844
372
64
13
257
72
487
137
0)

600

1,116
306
119
638
602
929
660
616
1,039

53

530

$68,568

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

Clothing, other than knit............................
Coate, dress__________________ ____ _
Hats and caps_______________________
Overalls_________________ _____ ______
Pants, dress_________ ______________
Shirts, work__________________________
Shoes, new___________ _______________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ..... ..............
Miscellaneous_________________________
Clothing, knit: H o s i e r y .________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_____ _____
Hay......................____________________




Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED ST AT E S,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

4

Potatoes_______ _______________
Miscellaneous__________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood.
Mattresses......................................
Pillows.............. ............................
Textile products...................... ............
Pillowcases—
...................................
Sheets.......................................—
Towels...................... ........... .........
Miscellaneous................................

Bushels .

0)

Each..
Each..

1
1

Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..

1
2

0)

04
ELMIRA REFORMATORY

2

Total.

1
0
2
°
—




1
2

Dozen..
DozenEach.. .
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
DozenEach...
Dozen..
Dozen..
Pairs...
Pairs...
Each...
Doz. pr..
Pounds.
H eadPounds.
Bushels.
Tons....
Bushels.
Bushels.

4

Head__
Pounds.
D ozenPounds.
(2
)

2 2
,
1 ,
2 1
5

9

8 1

4

Dozen..
Dozen..

8

0 5
1
7 1
9 1
5 2
2 9
7 3
4

6 1 3
3 5 6
4
0 2
7
6
6
9 3 3
9
1 6 7
9
10
2
5
8 8
5
0 3
3
, 1 5
7
51
2
4 1
6
5
9 1 3
3
, 13
7
6 5
5
(0
1
, 1 3
6
, 67
2
1
0
4
4 1 4 1
6
4 0)
3
6 2 0
5
5 6
5
, 3 6
8
0 8
7
0)
1
4 7 0
3
7 3 .
1
d
1
, 33
1
2 2 7
1
1
0)

7

7

(05

10
1 5
6 8 6
2 1 6
9 2 6
3 (0 7

2

9

0 5 2 2
7
91
3. 5
9
7 21 1 9 , 0
2
9 1 2 1
5
5 2
6
6
2 9 5 2
6
7 3 9 9
6
4
3
7
1 ,

52

6 71 3 3 ,
01
1 2 4 3 5 6 1
8
8 4 7 0 2
5 6
7
5
9 93
3 0,
, 64
6 9 0 1 6 7 6
9
6
6 10 6
2
4
4 5 5 8 8
6 5 0 0 3
6
1 7 3 , 9 , 6 1 5 21 7
501
, 37
9,
47 1 6 1 7
,
, 72
, 52
9 21 3 , 9
, 6 3 3 3 , 41 3
6, 6
3 7 2 6 5
3
1 (0 8
5
1
, 0 1 6 8 , 31 3 ,5 0
94 6
9 3 , 76
94
3 15
0
2
3
4 , , 8 4 13 6 4 18 1
8 (0 4
6
8
5 3 2 6 2 0 5
1 5 0 5 6
1
, 2 5 9 4 , 43 6
8, 2
6
0 8
8
0
, 0) 5
67
,7
5 1 0 4 7 0 5
,3 3 6 7 7 9 3 3 , 7 , 3
2
8
1
2
36 1
63
4 , 3
5 1
2 2 7 5
,

(0

1
1

59

0
6
5
0

,9
2

7
8

5

2

9
9 6
0
3 4

6

3
0
2
2

1

8 3
93
5
, ,0 8 3 6
4
2
0
9 4 4
5
6
0
6 7 9 3
8
44
6

5

7

4
7

4

3

9

6 ,

0

3

3

9
9

9
6

5
8 1

0

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

2 8

Brooms, brushes, and mops............ .
Brooms---------- ---------------- --------Brushes------------------- --------------Clothing, other than knit...................
Aprons..---------------------- ----------Coats, work________ ____ _______
Coats, dress....................................
Handkerchiefs..... .................. .......
Hats and caps__________________
Overalls______________ ______ _
Pajamas and nightgowns________
Pants, dress____________________
Pants, work____________________
Shirts, work______________ _____
Shoes, new_____________________
Shoes repaired____________ _____
Suits__________________ _______
Miscellaneous______ ______ _____
Clothing, knit: Hosiery________ ____
Farm: Dairy__________________ ____
Beef, dressed___________________
‘ Cattle________________ ________
Milk, whole____________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_______
Corn, field_____________________
Hay------------------------------ ---------Potatoes_______________________
Wheat______________ _________
Miscellaneous.................................
Farm: Hogs___________________ ____
Hogs---------------------------------------Pork, dressed__________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products..
Eggs---------------------------------------Poultry, dressed_____ __________
Farm: Miscellaneous............................
See footnotes at end o f table.

7

8
7
7
00
Ol

T

a b le

A.— K in d ,

quantity , and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s , 1 9 4 0 ,

fry State,

system ,

em institution —Continued
d

00
oa

NEW YORK—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Quantity

Value

ELMIRA REFORMATORY—continued
Furniture: Metal ________ ___________
Tables______ ________ _________ . . .
Miscellaneous ______ ________________
Furniture: Wood ________ ____ ______ . . .
Benches____ _______________________
Chairs. ____ _______ _______________
Desks............ ....... ........................ .........
Tables______ _______________________
Miscellaneous ___________ .. . . . ___
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses__ ________ ____________
Pillows_____ ____________ __________
Metal p r o d u c t s __________ ____________
Galvanized ware_______ _______ _______
Miscellaneous ___________ .. _______
Printing and binding_____________________
Bookbinding and blank books
______
Envelopes
____
________ ___
Letterheads. _
_____
_______ ____
Miscellaneous ________ ________ _____
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth________ ____ __________ ___
Labor only______________ ____ ________
Pillowcases______ _________________ ..
Sheets_ ______ __________ ___________
_
Spreads
_____________________ ____ ____
Towels______ _____ _______________ . . .
Miscellaneous _______________________
Wood products: Miscellaneous____________
Other manufactured products______________
Canned fruits and vegetables___________
Coffee, roasted ____________________ _
Miscellaneous
......................... .................




3

1

Each
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each
Each __
Pieces __
Each
Each _
Each___
Dozen...

15

17

35

13

2
270
198
96
480

769
880
488

392
498

(9
4,122
500
207,350
(9

438
1
550
9,030

7

25
32
499
1,644
154
4,275
724

(9
(9

139
257
123
900

1,877
347,150

(9

1

$7
110

6
106
6
12

2
270
198
96
480

769
880

6,537
796

488

392
498

4,122
500
207,350
(9

438
1
550
9,030

7
139
257
123
900

25
32
499
1,644
154
4,275
724

1,877
347,150

2,257
41, 655
109

(9

6,537
796

(9

(9

(2
)
1
0

$7
110

6
106
6
12

20

Dozen. _
Dozen.
Each___
Dozen. __

Cases
Pounds.

(9

8

2,257
41,655
109

(9

(9

(9

(9
(9
(9

8

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITE© STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

GREAT MEADOW PRISON
Total____ ________
____________________

284
50
Dozen..
Dnzpn
Dozen...
Dozen,. _
Pairs...
Pairs
Each_
_
Doz.pr..
Head ..
Pounds
Tons___
Tons___
Pounds.
Dozen
Pounds.
Each...
Each...
Each _
Each_
_
Each ..
Tons___
Each_
_
Dozen. _.
Dozen .
Each...
Dozen...

2
8
12

3
2
114

12
53
28

73,110

73,110

20
2
79
391
381
143
1,770
3,510
380
0)
1,038

85
72
417
2,300
8,575
861
3, 540
3, 510
2,660
47
623

20
2
79
391
381
143
1,770
3,510
380
0)
1,038

85
72
417
2,300
8,575
861
3,540
3, 510
2,660
47
623

8
340,282

1,000
9,496

8
340,282

1,000
9,496

100
247

500
2,110
2,128

100
247

(0

0)

500
2,110
2,128

11,176

1, 285

11,176

1,285

3,861
1,600

1,081
336

3,861
1,600

1,081
336

3,144
130
879
18
0)

16,106
3,900
1,301
108
709

3,144
130
879
18
(0

i6 ,106
3,900
1,301
108
709

256
3,583

2,048
3,318

256
3,583

2,048
3,318

1, 512
53
114
19
715
(0

2, 778
191
616
8
858
543

1, 512
53
114
19
715
(0

2, 778
191
616
8
858
543

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clothing, other than knit
______
Aprons
_.
______
__________
Coats, work „
_
Hats and caps
__ _
_________
Overcoats _ .
_____
__ ________
Pants, work-.. -_ _ _ __ ________ ___
Shirts, work—, ____ _
_____
Shoes, new-. .
________________ ..
Shoesrepaired
Suits.- ______________ _________ _____
Miscellaneous
____
Clothing, knit: Hosiery___________________
Farm: Dairy____
’
.
_____
Cattle ”
_
_____ ___________
Milk? whole _
_ _ ________ ______
Farm: Field crops and garden_______ _
_ __________ __ ______
Ensilage__ _
_____ _
Hay________ _____________
Miscellaneous
__ __
Farm: Hogs
.
__ _ __________
Pork, dressed
__ _______
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs
-. ____
Poultry, dressed
- ___ _______
Furniture: Wood
_______
______
___
____________ ____
Chairs
Davenports, sofas, etc________ _ ______
_____________ -_ --. .
Stools. ______
Tables ______ _ _ -_ _______ ________
•
Miscellaneous
____ _
Furniture: Other than metal or w ood._ _ ..
Mattresses __
__ _________ _
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed.
Textile products
_ _ ________ ______
Doormats__________ _______________
Pillowcases_
_ ________ ____________
Sheets
.
___
_____ - .
____
___ ______
Spreads____
Towels _____
-_
_ ________
Miscellaneous____________________ ____
See fo o tn o te s a t end o f table.




00

T able

A.—K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

00
oo

NEW YORK—Continued

Unit

INSTITUTION FOR M
ALE DEFECTIVE
DELINQUENTS

Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each _
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen
Pairs
Pairs
Dozen
Pounds.
Head .
Pounds.

70

4

Pounds.
Dozen..
Pounds.

1
1

Value

Quantity

Value

Quantity

657
343

101
1,176

657
343

60
461
65
15
48
197
138
110
1,511
2,012
156
0)

2,655
271
393
150
264
4,312
1,821
1,318
3,092
1,207
468
671

60
451
65
15
48
197
138
110
1,511
2,012
156
0)

2,655
271
393
150
264
4,312
1,821
1,318
3,092
1,207
468
671

2,836
6
369, 531
0)

344
900
9,035
27

2,836
6
369, 531

9,035

450
300
78
53
1,490
310
.0 )

389
1,500
436
636
1,250
310
3,469

450
300
78
53
1,490
310
0)

389
1,500
436
636
1, 250
310
3,469

10,611

1,167

10, 611

1,167

2,064
952

514
190

2,064
952

514
190

Value

$.27

$72, 924

101
1,176

Piece price

344
900
0)

27

Quantity

Value

1940

24
Bushels.
Tons___
Tons
Tons
Bushels.
Bushels.

Quantity

State account

U N I T E D STATES,




Dozen. __
Each.. _

11

Public works and
ways

State use

$72,951

240
Brooms, brushes, and mops______________
Brooms ___________ 1___________ ___
_____________ _____________ ____
Mops
Clothing
__________________ _____
Coats, work __________________
Handkerchiefs______________________
Hats and caps______________________
Overalls ______________________
Overcoats ________________________
Pants, w ork _________________________
Shirts, dress_____ _____ _____________
Shirts, work
__ _ _
Shoes, new
_ _ _ __ _
Shoes repaired
- - -_____
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ____
Miscellaneous ____________ _ .
Farm’ Hairy
Beef, dressed ___________________ ___
Hattie
- _________ -- - __
Milk wbolft
____________________
Miscellaneous
Farm* Field ornps and garden
Corn, field
______________________
Ensilage
- ______________________
Fodder
Hay
- Potatoes
Wheat
Miscella™™15
*
- Farm* Hogs
__ _
____ ___
Port dre^sftd
Farm* Poultry and poultry products
Eggs
Poultry, dressed --------------------------------

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

P R I S O N L A B O R IN T H E

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

E ach ...

Pieces.
Pieces.
Sq. yd..
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Each.
Each.
Cases...

273

2,457

273

2,457

(0
30.959
19,740
0)
1,942

1,756
11,965
7, 526
1,156
665

0)
30,959
19, 740
0)
1,942

1,756
11,865
7,526
1,156
665

80
96
352

179
460
1,054

80
96
352

179
460
1,054

265
57,508
0)
2,267

419
3, 369
1,457
2, 799

265
57, 508
0)
2,267

419
3,369
1,457
2,799

MATTEAWAN STATE H
OSPITAL
Total_____ __________________________
Clothing___________________
Aprons_________________
Coats, work_____________
Gloves and mittens______
Overcoats_______________
Pajamas and nightgowns..
Pants, work____________
Shirts, work____________
Shoes, new______________
Shoes repaired__________
Suits___________________
Miscellaneous___________
Farm: Dairy_______________
Beef, dressed____________
Cattle__________________
Milk, whole____________
Miscellaneous___________
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Corn, field______________
Ensilage________________
Fodder_________________
Hay____________________
Potatoes________________
Straw__________________
Wheat_________________
Miscellaneous___________
Farm: Hogs________________
Pork, dressed___________
See footnotes at end of table.




93,204

93,461
Dozen..
Dozen..
Doz. pr
Each...
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
Pairs...
Pairs....
Each....

80
174
53
114
28
193
150
215
1,901
117
0)

191
3,882
158
627
184
2,649
991
338
1,331
644
364

80
174
53
114
28
193
150
215
1,901
117
0)

191
3,882
158
627
184
2,649
991
338
1, 331
644
364

Pounds.
Head— .
Pounds .

15,559
47
947, 683
(0

1,998
3, 738
24, 792
119

15,559
24
947,683

1,998
3,600
24, 792

Bushels.
Tons___
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.
Tons___
Bushels.

106
367
110
414
5,229
98
1,273
0)

80
1,835
440
4,140
3,559
784
1,018
10, 253

106
367
110
414
5,229
98
1,273
0)

80
1,835
440
4,140
3,559
784
1,018
10,253

Pounds.

98,292 1

98,292

257

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Furniture: Other than metal or wood: Mat­
tresses.
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Aluminum ware______________________
D o___________________________
Galvanized ware______________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Textiles: Cotton yard goods, light--------------Textile products__________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets----------------------------------------------Towels_______________________________
Wood products___________________________
Baskets______________________________
Handles, broom______________________
Millwork____________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

9,955

9,955 I

23
0)

138
119

00
CO

CO

o

T a b l e A . — K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued

NEW YORK—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

matteawan state hospital—continued

Farm: Poultry and poultry products .. _
Eggs.
....
..
_ _
Poultry, dressed
Furniture: Other than metal or wood
______
Mattresses
Pillows
__
Textile products
Pillowcases
Sheets
... _ ...
Towels
__________
. _
Miscellaneous________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

Dozen
Pounds.
Each
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Cases...

SING SIN PRISON
G
Total_______________________
Brooms, brushes, and m ops...
______
Brooms__________________ ____ ______
Brushes_______________
Clothing, other than knit . . .
__
Bathrobes ______________ __ _
Coats, work ___________ _________
Gloves and mittens
Hats and caps__________________ _ _
Overcoats __ .. _______________ ___
Pajamas and nightgowns____________
Pants, work. ____ ___________ . . .
Shirts, w ork ____________ ______ ..
Shoes, new
Shoes repaired
Suits .
Underwear, women’s and children’s
Miscellaneous________________________




3

10,266
9,597

$2,809
1,895

10,266
9,597

$2,809
1,895

660
350

5,610
525

660
350

5,610
525

240
392
812

433
3,766
2,060
623
1, 670

240
392
812

433
3, 766
2,060
623
1, 670

4
5

1

(9

1,298

1,049
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
D zen
Doz. pr_
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs
Pairs
Each
Dozen

79
205

(9

1,298

469, 270

563,662
2,891
5,643

26, 504
31,066

2,891
5,643

26,504
31,066

76
212
2,837
250
450
118
924
339
93, 200
6,864
628
1,179

1,511
9,412
10,127
1,438
3,600
722
19,603
2,538
144, 942
5,148
5,024
5,197
71

76
212
2,837
250
450
118
924
339
93, 200
6,864
628
1,179

1,511
9,412
10,127
1,438
3,600
722
19, 603
2,538
144,942
5,148
5,024
5,197
71

(9

(9

$94,392

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

Doz. pr.
Doz. pr.
Dozen...

577
36,728
16,001

(9
(9

577
36,728
16,001
(9

2,170
38,576
60,141
419

Dozen...
Pounds.

1,400
208

294
46

1,400
208

Each.
Each.

489
1,100
(9

1,537
351
309

489
1,100
o5

27,032
1,652
4,500

4,936
2,050
cJ

499,000

3,200

499,000

3,200

10,678
0)

20, 522
1,697

10.678
(>
J

20,522
1,697

729,100
1,190,750

1,073
3, 379
13,458
2,500

729,100
1,190,750
(9
6,750

1,073
3, 379
13,458
2,500

159
6,013
239
2,857
5,589
300
3,370
984

127
2,976
100
349
5,106
250

94,392

1,537
351
309

4,936
2,050

(9

294
46

159
6,013
239
2,857
5,589
300
3,370
984

Each.
Each.

(9
Each.

Each.
Each.
Tons.
Dozen.
Each..
Dozen.
Dozen.
Each..
Dozen.

(9

6,750

127
2,976
100
349
5,106
250

C
1
)
(9

WALLKILL PRISON
Total______________ __________
Clothing_________ ____________
Aprons___________________
Coats, work_______________
Gloves and mittens________
Pajamas and nightgowns___
Pants, work_______________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ .
Miscellaneous_____________

2,170
38,576
60,141
419
94, 392

8

28,690
Dozen..
Dozen..
Doz. pr.
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..

21
10
8
4
40
38
(9

125
250
25
25
473
91
311

*

27,032
1,652
4,500

28,665

<
9

21
10
8
4
40
38

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clothing, knit____________________________
Gloves and mittens___________________
Hosiery______________________________
Underwear___________________________
Miscellaneous___________ _____________
Construction: Land development__________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs------------------------- - ----------------------Poultry, dressed______________________
Furniture: Metal_________________________
Benches______________________________
Wastebaskets_________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses_______ ___________________
Pillows______________________________
Repairs______________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers,
and signs.
Tags, dog____________________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Galvanized ware______________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Printing and binding_____________________
Envelopes____________________________
Letterheads__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed.
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Flags________________________________
Pillowcases____ ______________________
Sheets_______________________________
Spreads______________________________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Wood products: Miscellaneous_____________

$25

125
250
25
25
473
91
311

See footnotes at end of table.




CO

T a b l e A .— K in d , quantity, and value of articles produced in State prisons, 1940 , by State, system , and institution— Continued

co
to

NEW YORK—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

w allkill prison—continued
Farm: Dairy___________________
Beef, dressed_______________
Cattle______________________
Milk, whole________________
Miscellaneous______________
Farm: Field crops and garden___
Apples.------- ----------------------Corn, field_________________
Fodder_____________________
Hay----------------------------------Oats_____________________
Potatoes. ---------------------------Straw__________ *---------------Miscellaneous______________
Farm: Hogs----- ------ ----------------Pork, dressed_______________
Furniture: Wood------ ---------------Chairs_____________________
Davenports, sofas, etc_______
Tables....................... ..............
Miscellaneous........................
Other manufactured products-----Canned fruits and vegetables.
D o......................................

Pounds.
H e a d ...
Pounds.
Bushels .
Bushels.
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.
Bushels .
Tons___

6

18

3
Pounds.
Each.
Each.
Each.

2,813
2
89,767
0)

$394
300
2,366
25

2,813
2
89,767

$394
300
2,366

3,574
600
291
125
1,200
2,021
15
0)

2,573
432
1, 714
1,860
540
1,819
120
5,032

3,574
600
291
125
1,200
2,021
15
0)

2,573
432
1,714
1,860
540
1,819
120
5,032

16,242

1,624

16,242

1, 624

301
14
95

301
14
95

0)

3,094
460
1,283
484

0)

3,094
460
1,283
484

1,360
0)

1,890
1,380

1,360
0)

1,890
1,380

20

4
Cases.

W
ESTFIELD STATE FARM (REFORMATORY FOR
WOMEN)
Total

4,341

26

Clothing______ _____ ______
Aprons. - -------------------Coats, dress............. .......
Dresses..................... —
Hats and caps--------------Pajamas and nightgowns.

21




Dozen. _
Each___
Each___
Dozen. _
Dozen. _

0)

88
186
2,053
6
67

412
1,066
1, 278
10
315

4,341
88
186
2,053
6
67

412
1,066
1,278
10
315

$25

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

Underwear, women’s and children’s___
Miscellaneous________________________
Textile products_________________________
Bags, cloth__________________________
Pillowcases__________________________
Sheets______________________________
Towels______________________________
Miscellaneous______ ____ ___ ____ ____

Dozen.

129

313
370

129

313
370

Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.

10
42
22
64

48
76
99
136
218

10
42
22
64

48
76
99
136
218

W
ESTFIELD STATE FARM (PRISON FOR WOMEN)
Total___________________________________

48,697
Dozen.
Each...
Dozen.
Each...
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Each...
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Each...
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.

53
26
70
36
17,077
5
2,538
1
97
148
750
22
0)

125
490
480
9,807
8
17,750
11
1,164
176
3,022
96
1,159

26
70
36
17,077
5
2,538
1
97
148
750
22
0)

125
490
480
9,807
8
17,750
11
1,164
176
3,022
96
1,159

1
580
639
1,773
3
0)

6
760
1,661
11,968
5

1
580
639
1,773
3
0)

6
760
1,661
11,968
5
9

WOODBURNE INSTITUTION FOR DEFECTIVE
DELINQUENTS
Total___________________________________
Clothing________________________________
Coats, work__________________________
Handkerchiefs_______________________
Hats and caps________________________
Overalls_____________________________
Overcoats____________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns______________
Pants, work___ ______________________
Shirts, work_________________________
Shoes, new__________________________
Shoes repaired----------------------------------Suits________________________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ___________
Miscellaneous____________________ ____
See footnotes at end of table.




48,697

9

32, 279
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
Each...
Dozen.Dozen..
DozenPairs.. .
Pairs...
Each...
Dozen-

39
267
67
23
60
8
124
75
2,050
1,500
125
133
0)

1,813
160
336
344
270
60
2,738
900
3, 519
1,125
1,000
208
400

32,199
39
267
67
23
60
8
124
75
2,050
1, 500
125
133
0)

80

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clothing________________________________
Aprons______________________________
Coats, dress_________________________
Coats, work_________________________
Dresses_____________________________
Hats and caps_______________________
Pajamas and nightgowns_____________
Pants, work_________________________
Shirts, work_________________________
Suits________________________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ __________
Underwear, women’s and children’s____
Miscellaneous________________________
Textile products_________________________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Covers, mattress_____________________
Pillowcases__________________________
Sheets______________________________
Towels..____________________________
Miscellaneous________________________

1,813
160
336
344
270
60
2,738
900
3, 519
1,125

10
,0 0
208
400

CD
CO

T

a b le

A.—K in d , quantity , and

value o f articles produced in State p riso n s , 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system , and institution —Continued

CD

NEW YORK—Continued
AverUnit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

WOODBURNE INSTITUTION FOR DEFECTIVE
delinquents—continued

Farm: Dairy

Beef, dressed
_ _
_____
Cattle
_________________________
Milk, whole
__
________
Miscellaneous ______________________
Farm: Field crops and garden Barley
___ ___ _____________ ____
Ensilage
__ ______________________
Fodder ___ _________________ ____
Hay _
_________________________
Oats
___________ - _____________
Potatoes
__________________________
Straw
___________ _____ _________
Miscellaneous.__________ _ ________
Farm: Hogs
____________ ___ __ ________
Pork, dressed. _______ .. _ _____
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs_____________ ____ ______________
Poultry, dressed _____________________
Textile products____ _ _________________
Pillowcases.
.. . __________________
Sheets _________ ___________________
Spreads_______ ____________________
Towels________ ______________________




Pounds.

6

Bushels.
T ons...
Tons..
Tons..
Bushels.
Bushels.
Tons...

17

1
Pounds.

1

Dozen...
Pounds.
Dozen..
Dozen...
Each___
Dozen. __

10

$460
794
5,694
36

3,837
(0
216,060
150
220
40
210
600
925
40

0)

84
1,320
160
3, 360
270
641
320
2,473

0)

84
1,320
160
3,360
270
641
320
2,473

18,292

1,927

18, 292

1,927

1,765
853

Pounds.

3,837
0)
216,060
0)

458
162

1,765
853

458
162

88
88
75
183

242
630
45
330

88
88
75
183

242
630
45
330

150
220
40
210’
600
925
40

$460
750
5,694

(9

$44

(9

36

Quantity

Value

PRISiON LABOR IK THE UKITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

NORTH CAROLINA
Total

STATE PRISON SYSTEM

_____

28

Cattle
Milk, skimmed
Milk, whole
Miscellaneous
Farm: Field props and garden
Corn, field
Cotton
Hay
__ _ _
Oats
__ ____
Peanuts
_____
Potatoes
______
Sorghum
Wheat
________
Miscellaneous
_ ___________
Farm: Hogs
Hogs
Pork, dressed
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs
Poultry, dressed
___
Farm: Miscellaneous
_ _
Furniture: Other than metal or wood___
Mattresses
______ Pillows
_
__________
Grain- mill products
Corn meal _
____________________
Flour
Stock feed
__
__ _____ .
Metal products
....... ......... ......
Auto license tags
__________ _ Tags, miscellaneous............ - .....................
See footnotes at end of table.




9

Head
Pounds.
Pounds.
Bushels _
Bales
Tons
Bushels.

551

Bushels.
Gallons .
Bushels.
8

Head
Pounds.

1

Dozen
Pounds.
(2
)
Each
Each
Barrels
Barrels
Tons
Each
Each___

5

10

21

352
774
14,444
3, 272
39, 625
45, 553
10,065
180,815
2, 264,030

128
1,032
1, 204
593
3, 334
5,106
2,310

10, 281
142

1, 284
8,069

10, 281

1,234

21
178,895
226,137
0)

1,123
2,079
7,889
682

21
178,895
226,137

1,123
2, 079
7,889
682

83,349
93
1,014
16, 746
0)
24,851
5,665
31,356

61,979
4,696
10,619
10,885
9,416
14,805
1,869
28,362
184,472

83,349

61, 979

1,014
16, 746
' (i)
22,801
5, 665
30,953

10, 619
10,885
4,410
12, 755
1,869
27,858
183, 204

107
137,805

2,101
26, 902

107
137,805

2,101
26, 902

809
451
140

3, 679
2,151

$32,107

$2,444,845

809
451
140

0)

0)

0 ).
0)

0)

0)

0)

2,200
2,928

9, 921
1,220

2,200
2,928

9,838
76, 552
31, 300

2,889
15,022
570

9,838
76, 552
20,786

1,269,224
58,982

38,076
1,769

1,269, 224
58,982

142

8,069

93

4,696

2,050

5,006
2,050

403

504
1,268

414

10, 514

(0

(i)

9, 921
1,220

2,889
15,022
984

180,815
2, 264,030

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

77
7,125
6

__________

352
774
14,444
3, 272
39, 625
45, 553
10,065

128
1,032
1, 204
593
3,334
5,106
2, 310
(i)
0)

3,679
2,151

Dozen....
Farm: Cattle

$788,890

$3, 265,842

7,930

38,076
1, 769
Ct*

T

a b le

A.— K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued
CO

o

NORTH CAROLINA—Continued

st a t e p r is o n s y s t e m —

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

continued

Printing and binding: Miscellaneous . . _ .
Textile products____ _______________ ____
Pillowcases ________________________
Dozen
Sheets
_____ ____________ ______ Dozen
Miscellaneous.. ________ ____
. ..
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits Cases...
and vegetables.
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing): Sea food

28
19

$47,879

0)

31

2,851
2, 721
0)
43,437

11

0)

4,277
15,014
50
87,285
5,149

'$47,879

0)

2,851
2,721
0)
43,437

4,277
15,014
50
87,285
5,149 .

0)

NORTH DAKOTA
STATE PENITENTIARY

Clothing................. .................................
Aprons_______________ ______ _____
Coats, work______________________
Hats and caps------------------------------Overalls------------- ------ ------------------Pants, work------------ --------------------Shirts, work______________________
Shoes repaired____________________
Construction: Major repairs to buildings.
Cordage: Binder twine...------- ------------Farm: Cattle_________________________
Beef, dressed______________________
Cattle--------- -------------------------------Farm: Dairy_________________________
Butter_________ _________ ________
Milk, whole--------- -----------------------Miscellaneous-------- -----------------------




$354,496

172

Total_____ ___________________
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Pairs..
Pounds.
Pounds.
Head...
Pounds.
Pounds.

4

17
84
10
13

48
3
3
13
78
69
364

185
29

$67,038
48
3
3
13
78
69
364

185
29
3
98
726
414
364

3 235,400
,

726
414
364
9,840
277,083

37,141
37

1,746
953

37,141
37

1,746
953

15,020
778,118
0)

3,755
14,630
417

15,020
778,118
0)

3,755
14,630
417

0)

$277,618

$9,840

0)

9,840

3, 235,400

277,083

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Tons___
Bushels.
Head_
_
Pounds.
Dozen...
Pounds.
Each.
Each.
Each.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Each...
Cases..

16

2
2
18

2

1
3

615
2,650
0)

2,508
1,590
6,640

615
2,650
0)

2,508
1,590
6,640

68
66,595

566
1,383

68
66,595

566
1,383

5,246
7,616

1,193
991

5,246
7,616

1,193
991

182,474
3,381
7,660

17,363
3, 557
1,072

182,474
3,381
7,660

‘ 17,363
3,557
1,072

15
60
52
186

54
180
586
538
22
2,226
3,784

15
60
52
186

54
180
586
538
22
1,691
3, 784

0)

114
1,522

0)

91
1,522

23

535

OHIO
Total

ALL INSTITUTIONS

___

_ _ _ ____ _____

$1,626,360

3,256

Brooms, brushes, and mops _____
____
B room s_________
__ ____________
Brushes____ ________________________
Mops
Clothing, other than knit ____________ . ..
Aprons____ _________________ ______
Coats, dress. _ _ _________________ ..
Coats, work _____________________ _
Dresses __ ___ _
_________ ___ _
Handkerchiefs. ___ _________
____
Hats and c ap s_____ _______ ________
Labor only.. ____________ ___________
Overalls
Overcoats
__
...
Pajamas and nightgowns
___
Pants,dress. _____________
_____
Pants, work
_______
Repairs_________________ ___________
Shirts, dress__________________________

32

See footnotes at end of table.




Dozen _
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each ..
Dozen. _
Each ...
Dozen .
Dozen..
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each_
_
Dozen. _
Dozen _

650

$1,617,484

145
1, 207
4,416

741
2, 781
1,472

145
1,207
4,416

741
2,781
1,472

242
1,664
427
4,101
3,580
490
0)
3,902
1,427
969
5,538
813
0)
2, 559

1,213
8,422
17, 584
3,966
1,497
2,106
2,823
30,766
9,860
7,082
15,438
19,816
100
12, 606

242
1,664
427
4,101
3, 580
490
0)
3,902
1,427
969
5,538
813
0)
2, 559

1, 213
8,422
17,584
3,966
1,497
2,106
2,823
30,766
9,860
7,082
15,438
19,816
100
12,606

$6, 500

$2,376

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Field crops and garden-------------------Hay-------------------------------------------------Potatoes_____________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Hogs------------------------------------------------Pork, dressed_________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs-------------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed______________________
Metal products___________________________
Auto license tags______________________
Highway markers_____________________
Signs________________________________
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Wood products: Coffins_________________ Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

CO

T

a b le

A .

—K in d , qu antity , and

value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system , and institution —Continued

O
00

OHIO— ontinued
C

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
State use
Quantity

Value

Public works and
ways
Quantity

Value

Piece price

State account
Quantity

Value

all institutions—continued

Clothing, other than knit—Continued.
Shirts, work---------- --------------------Shoes, new_______________________
Shoes repaired___________________
Suits____________________________
Underwear, men's and boys’ ______
Underwear, women’s and children’s.
Vests, men’s_____________________
Miscellaneous____________________
Clothing, knit_______________________
Hosiery_________________________
Tubing, glove-cuff_______________
Underwear______________________
Miscellaneous____________________
Construction: Buildings______________
Farm: Cattle. _____________________
Beef, dressed_____________________
Cattle___________________________
Farm: Dairy________________________
Beef, dressed_____________________
Butter__________________________
Cattle------------- --------------------------Milk, whole______________________
Miscellaneous____________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_________
Barley---------------------------------------Corn, field_______________________
Ensilage-------------------------------------Fodder.— ---------------------------------Hay_____________________________
Oats--------------- --------------------------Potatoes---------- --------------------------Straw___________________________
Wheat__________________________
Miscellaneous................................ .




Dozen
Pairs
Pairs
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Doz. pr.
Pounds .
Dozen
Each___
Pounds.
Head
Pounds.
Pounds .
Head
Pounds.
Bushels.
Bushels.
Tons
Tons
Tons
Bushels.
Bushels.
Tons
Bushels.

118

14
21
121

568

3,826
42,214
14,359
5,529
7
450
679
0)

$22,915
86,936
7,130
44,942
16
2,190
893
3,157

3,826
42,214
14,359
5, 529
7
450
679
0)

$22,915
86,936
7,130
44,942
16
2,190
893
3,142

15, 581
3,370
5,172

15, 581
3,370
5,172
0)

15,039
1,180
20,859
75

8

15,039
1,180
20,859
75
6, 500

134,041
44

16, 571
2,780

134,041
44

16,571
2,780

18, 538
33,489
484
6,787,680
0)

2,454
9,093
20, 235
148,154
560

18, 538
33,489
484
6,787,680
0)

2,454
9,093
20,235
148,154
290

3,062
36,519
3,491
566
3,237
14,889
27,699
660
24,940
0)

1,531
20,748
13,355
991
22,007
7,170
24,454
2,638
17,458
74,982

3,062
36,519
3,491
566
3,237
14,889
27,699
660
24,940
0)

1,531
20,748
13,355
991
22,007
7,170
24,454
2,638
17,458
74,982

W

0)

8

$15

(9

270

$6,500

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

See footnotes at end of table.




Head.
Pounds.
Dozen..
Pounds.
Head...
Head...
EachEach..
EachEach..
EachEach..
Each..

40

(2
)

12,843
5,826
4,400
500

50,390
24, 562
7,909
5

12,843
5,826
4,400
500

574
12
4
150

5, 553
57
31
150

574
12
4
150

5, 553
57
31
150

284
1,689
818
7,228
26,280
1,085
16,906
4,389
7,337
1,387
588
4,130
20,407

7
393
57

284
1,689
818
7,228
26,280
1,085
16,906
4,389
7,337
1,387
588
4,130
20,407

7,846
49
524
184

(9

23

264
372
446

(l)
1,332
475

(9

7,846
49
524
184

(9

264
372
446

<9

41

202,360

5,839
250
62
5,666

177,926
3,195

4,400,835
639,011

177,926
3,195

6,075
2, 512
15,664
147

202,360

5,839
250
62
5,666

4,400,835
639, Oil

15
175

Pieces..
Pieces..
Pieces_.

Pounds.
Gallons.

50,390
24,562
7,909
5

(9

Each..
Each_.

Each..
Each-

(9

26,315
36, 770
4,544

355

Each..
Each..
Each_.

Pounds.

2, 631
405,966

(9

26,315
36,770
4,544

7
393
57

31

Eaeh..
Each_.
Each..
Each..

Each..
Each-

2,631
405,966

5,352
1,460
3,033
8,154

6,075
2, 512
15,664

5,352
1,460
3,033
8,154

4,248
11,685
29, 566

2,336,645
2,831,150

83,392
252
851

2,118,903
805

(9

(9

2,336,645
2,831,150
(9

2,118,903
805
(9

1,332
475
(9

(9

(9

(9

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Hogs--------------------------------------------Hogs-------------------------------------------------Pork, dressed_________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs_________________________________
Poultry, dressed______________________
Poultry, live__________________________
Farm: Miscellaneous: Livestock___________
Furniture: Metal_________________________
Beds_________________________________
Benches______________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Stools________________________________
Furniture: W ood_________________________
Benches, manual training--------------------Bookcases____________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Cabinets and tables___________________
Chairs_______________________________
Davenports, sofas, etc_________________
Desks________________________________
Filing cases___________________________
Repairs______________________________
Stands_______________________________
Stools________________________________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous_________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Pillows_______________________________
Repairs______________________________
Grain-mill products: Wheat cereal_________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags______________________
Tags, miscellaneous___________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous_____________
Aluminum ware______________________
Galvanized ware______________________
Tinware______________________________
Miscellaneous_________________________
Printing and binding______________ _______
Envelopes____________________________
Letterheads______________ ____ ________
Miscellaneous_____________ ____ _______
Soap and other detergents_________________
Soap_________________________________
Soap, liquid__________________________
Miscellaneous__________________ ______

4,248
11, 685
29, 566
83,392
252
851
cO
CO

a b le

A.—K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and in stitution —Continued

200

T

OHIO—
Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

ALL institutions—continued
Textiles_______________________ _____ _____
Cotton yard goods, lig h t.......... .
_ ...
Wool yard goods_______________ _____
Yarn, cotton___________________ . . . .
Textile products _________ _______ . . .
Bags, cloth___________
_____________
Mopheads _____________________
Pillowcases. ________________________
Sheets___________ _____________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous____ _____________
___
Wood products. _________________________
Coffins and rough boxes____________ . . .
Millwork ____________ ____ __________
Other manufactured products______________
Canned fruits and vegetables______ ____
D o_________ _____________________
Disinfectants and insecticides__________
Polish, furniture or metal______________
Steam____ ____ ______________ ________
Miscellaneous_________ _____ __________

Sq. yd..
Sq. yd
Pounds.
Dozen
Dozen. _
Dozen.. —
D ozen..
Dozen
Each
Barrels..
Cases...
Gallons.
Gallons.

627

41

32
93

521,930
96,844
353,754

$80,738
74,317
50,747

521,930
96,844
353, 754

$80,738
74,317
50,747

6
1.322
908
1,083
2.323
0)

66
3,966
2,262
6,958
3,851
968

6
1,322
962
1,082
2,316
G)

66
3,966
2,179
6,924
3,819
806

44

1,056
4,221

44

1,056
4,221

54
19,618
6,640
1,050
0)
0)

702
31,016
5,139
1,158
91,334
2,127

54
19,618
6,640
1.050
0
0)

702
31,016
5,139
1,158
91,334
347

0)

0)

REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN

Total_____ _____________ ______________ _

46

Clothing___________ ________________ _____
Aprons_ _________ _________ ____ _
_
Dresses____ _________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns................ .........
Underwear, women’s and, children’s____
Farm: Dairy___________________________
Butter______________________ _
..
Farm: Field crops and garden____________
Miscellaneous______________ _____ ____
Farm: Poultry and poultry products..............

30




Dozen..
Each ...
Dozen..
Dozen..
Pounds.

6

95
3,743
174
441

716
3,578
1,399
2,122

95
3,743
174
441

716
3, 578
1, 399
2,122

10,603

2,916

10,603

2,916

0)

1,056

0)

1,056

6
3

13,446

13,446

0)

$83
34
32
162

(0

1,780

6
1
7

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

408102°— 42-

E ggs................. ...................................... . D o ze n Poultry, dressed_______ ______________ _ Pounds.
Poultry, live______ __________________ H e a d Other manufactured products: Canned fruits Cases...
and vegetables.

3,734
2,108
184
56

907
516
138
98

3,734
2,108
184
56

907
516
138
98

-STATE PENITENTIARY

Total.




620,468

1,186

620,468

Each_
_

4,416

1,472

4,416

1,472

Dozen..
Each...
Dozen..
Dozen..
Each...
E ach Dozen..

37
812
134
264
142
818
418

102
3,654
6,127
1,330
832
2,086
11,670
100
50
1,720
893
608

37
812
134
264
142
818
418

102
3,654
6,127
1,330
832
2,086
11,670
100
50
1,720
893
608

(0

22
3,439
679

Pairs..
Pairs..
Each..
Doz. pr.
Pounds.
D o ze n -

118

(0

15, 581
3,370
5,172
(9

12
150

Each..
Each..

0)

22
3,439
679

0)

15,039
1,180
20,859
75

15,581
3,370
5,172

57
150

12
150

(9

15, 039
1,180
20,859
75
57
150

22

EachEach..

20

7,228
452

0)
(9

852
427
(9

EachEach..
Pieces..
Pieces..
Pieces..
Each..
Each..

41

57

(9
(9

4,163
226
62

7,228
452

(9

852
427

4,163
226
62

4,400,835
639,011

177,926
3,195

4,400,835
639, Oil

177,926
3,195

6,075
2,512
15,664

5,352
1,460
3,033
4,954

6,075
2,512
15,664

5,352
1,460
3,033
4,954

3,586
11,329
18,856

2,126,970
2, 741,600

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Brooms, brushes, and mops: Mops_________
Clothing, other than knit.____ ____________
Aprons_______________________________
Coats, dress__________ _____ ____ ______
Coats, work______ ____ _______________
Hats and caps-------- ---------------------------Overcoats_______ ____________ _______
Pants, dress__________________________
Pants, work.____ ________ ____________
Repairs._____________________________
Shoes, new___________________________
Shoes repaired____ ___________________
Vests, men’s__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Clothing, knit____ _______________________
Hosiery________ _____________________
Tubing, glove-cuff------------------------------Underwear___________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Furniture: Metal_________________________
Benches_____________________________
Stools________________________________
Furniture: Wood_________________________
Cabinets and tables___________________
Repairs______________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood_______
Mattresses___________________________
Pillows______________________________
Repairs______________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags______________________
Tags, miscellaneous___________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous.----------------Aluminum ware------ --------- ----------------Galvanized ware______________________
Tinware---------------- --------------------------Miscellaneous___________________ ____ _
Printing and binding_____________________
Envelopes_________________ ____ _____ _
Letterheads_________________ ____ ____
Miscellaneous_______________ _________
See footnotes at end o f table.

(9

2,126,970
2,741,600
(9

(9

(9

3, 586
11,329
18,856

to

o

a b le

A .—

202

T

K in d , q u a n tity , and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued

OHIO—
Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

STATE PENITENTIARY—Continued
Textiles _
___
_____ _______
Cotton yard goods, light___ ____ ______
Wool yard goods__________ ____ _ ____
Yarn, cotton________________ _ _
Textile products_________________ _ _ _
Bags, cloth______ _____________ _
M opheads_____________________
Pillowcases ______ ___ __ _ ____
__
_____________________ ____
Sheets
__
___
Towels
Miscellaneous ._ _
. _
Wood products____ . . . ______ ___________
Coffins and rough boxes
Millwork
Other manufactured products: Steam

Sq. yd
Sq. yd .
Pounds.
Dozen .
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each

32

521,930
96,844
353, 754

$80, 738
74,317
50,747

521,930
96,844
353, 754

$80, 738
74,317
50, 747

2
1,322
263
308
929
(9

29
3,966
505
1, 701
1,561
467

2
1,322
263
308
929
(9

29
3,966
505
1,701
1, 561
467

44

1,056
4,221
91,334

44

1,056
4,221
91,334

(9
(9

452,801

1,168
Dozen _
Each
Dozen ..
Dozen..
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Each _
Dozen „
Dozen...
Pairs___
Pairs___
Each___

(9
(9

343

56
429
293
145
(9

861
855
48
4,245
311
65
42,192
6,860
4,498
0)

139
3,287
11,457
436
2,823
6,733
5,760
374
12,402
6, 793
728
86,886
3,430
37,106
797

446,031
56
429
293
145
(9

861
855
48
4,245
311
65
42,192
6,860
4,498
(9

139
3, 287
11,457
436
2,823
6,733
5, 760
374
12,402
6, 793
728
86,886
3,430
37,106
797

$6,500

$270

1940




21

16

STATE REFORMATORY
Total ___________________________________
Clothing_____ ____ __________ _____ ___ _
Aprons.......................... ..........
Coats, dress........... ___ ............................
Coats, work..__________________ _____
Hats and caps_ _________________ _
_
Labor only.. _________________________
Overalls..
....... .....................
Overcoats....... ...... ................. .
Pajamas and nightgowns.. _____
Pants, dress____________________
Pants, Work____________ ___________
Shirts, work____________________ _____
Shoes, new___________________________
Shoes repaired________________________
Suits______ _________________________
Miscellaneous....... .'...................... .............

627

PRISON LABOR IN THE! UNITED STATElS,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

i........ ........

Pounds.
Pounds.
Head_
_
Pounds.

14
4
39

221
Bushels .
T o n s __
T o n s __
Bushels.
Bushels .
Tons___
Bushels.
21
ilead ..
Pounds.
Dozen...
Pounds _
Head_
_
Each___
Each
Each ...
Each ...
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each ...
Each ...

17

45
333

Each___
Each ...
Each___

E ach __
Each___
Dozen__
Dozen—
Cases...

25
86

(2
)
20

8

8

6,500

30,540

3,907

30, 540

8,171
120
1,803,277
(0

2,233
4,850
36,172
338

8,171
120
1,803,277
0)

2,233
4,850
36,172
68

7,446
807
1,078
9,001
16,095
532
8,731
0)

3, 723
3,186
6,666
4, 571
12,935
2,127
6,112
35,608

7,446
807
1,078
9,001
16,095
532
8,731
0)

3, 723
3,186
6,666
4, 571
12,935
2,127
6,112
35,608

968
131,780
0)

8,630
12, 794
4,544

968
131, 780
0)

8, 630
12, 794
4, 544

17,578
10,422
3,339

4,464
2,745
1,669

17,578
10,422
3, 339

4,464
2,745
1,669

574
4

5, 553
31

574
4

5, 553
31

7
393
57
184
7,846
49
524
(0
264
372
446
(0
0)

284
1,689
818
4,389
26,280
1,085
16,906
6,885
1,387
588
4,130
20,407
3, 200

7
393
57
184
7,846
49
524
0)
264
372
446
0)
0)

284
1,689
818
4,389
26,280
1,085
16,906
6,885
1, 387
588
4,130
20,407
3,200

209,675
89,550
0)

662
356
9, 010

209, 675
89, 550
0)

662
356
9,010

24
247
4,600

58
657
5,501

24
247
4,600

58
657
5, 501

6,500

3,907

0)

270

203




Each___

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

C onstruction: Buildings............... .................
Farm: Cattle_______________ _______ ______
Beef, dressed___________ ______________
Farm: Dairy __________ ________________
______ ___________________
Butter.I
Cattle________________________________
Milk, whole_______ __________________
Miscellaneous_________ _____ _________
Farm: Field crops and garden......................
Corn, field__ _________________________
Ensilage____ ___________ _____________
Hay
__________ ______ _____________
Oats....... ................................... ................
Potatoes___ _______ ______________ ____
Straw__ ____ _________________________
Wheat__________ ______________ ______
Miscellaneous________ ____ ___________
Farm: Hogs........... ................... ......................
H ogs_____________ ____ _____ ________
Pork, dressed____________________ ____
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs_____________ _______ ____________
Poultry, dressed____ _____ ____________
Poultry, live............................ ...............
Furniture: Metal_______ _______ __________
Beds__________ ____________ _________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc ______________
Furniture: W ood____________ ___________
Benches, manual training______________
Bookcases_______________________ ____
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc__________ _____
Cases, filing__________________________
Chairs____ _____ _____________________
Davenports, sofas, etc _________ ______
Desks.____________ _________________
Repairs_____________ ____ ____ ____ ___
Stands_______________________________
Stools____________________ __________
Tables.___________ ______ ____________
Miscellaneous. _______________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous.. ________
Printing and binding..._______ _____ ______
Envelopes_________ ______ _____ _______
Letterheads_________ ____ ____________
Miscellaneous______ __________________
Textile products_____ ____ _______________
Pillowcases____________ ____________
T o w e ls..____________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.
See footnotes at end of table.

T able A .— K in d ,

fcO
O

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued

OHIO—Continued

Unit

LONDON STATE FARM
Total.............. __ . . .
Brooms, brushes, and mops..
Brooms. _
Brushes..... ......... ................. ......... ...........
Clothing............................. ...........................
Handkerchiefs________ ______ _________
Hats and caps____ _______ _____ ______
Overalls______________________ ______ _
Overcoats.......................... .......... .............
Pajamas and nightgowns.............
Pants, work____________ _____
Shirts, dress .. ________________
Shirts, work___ _____ ____________ _
Shoes repaired_____________ ________
Suits....... . ..............................................
Miscellaneous _. .......... ......... ...................
Farm: Cattle__________ _________ _______
Beef, dressed.............................................
Cattle____________ ___________ _______
Farm: Dairy______________________ ______
Butter. .................... .................. ...........
Cattle............. ......... ...................
Milk, whole...........................................
Miscellaneous.......... ...............................
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Barley_________ . . . ...............................
Corn, field_______ __________ ____ ___
Ensilage_________________________ ____
Fodder______________________________
Hay____ _____________ ____ ____ ______
Oats___________________________ _____
Potatoes___ ____ _____________ ________
Straw______________ ___________ ____
Wheat_________ ____ ______ ___________
Miscellaneous....... .....................................




Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Each.
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs
Each
Pounds .
Head. _

214

17
64

Pounds .
Head
Pounds.
Bushels.
Bushels .
T ons...
Tons___
Tons. __
Bushels
Bushels .
Tons___
Bushels.

257

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

$462,335

689
27

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Value

$462,335
_

145
1,207

741
2,781

145
1,207

741
2,781

3,580
81
3,001
430
736
60
2,559
3,761
3,346
1,031
(9

1,497
340
23,362
3,268
5,232
998
12,606
22,187
1,673
7,836
1,737

3,580
81
3,001
430
736
60
2,559
3,761
3,346
1,031
(9

1,497
340
23,362
3,268
5,232
998
12,606
22,187
1,673
7,836
1,737

103,501
44

12, 664
2,780

103,501
44

12,664
2,780

14,715
314
4,151,691
(9

3,944
13, 225
93,246
222

14,715
314
4,151,691
(9

3,944
13,225
93,246
222

3,062
28,823
2,084
566
1,929
2,438
8,244
128
13,280
(9

1, 531
16,900
7,994
991
12,797
1,219
8,183
511
9,296
30, 596

3,062
28,823
2,084
566
1,929
2,438
8,244
128
13,280
(9

1,531
16,900
7,994
991
12,797
1,219
8,183
511
9,296
30, 596

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THU UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

Other manufactured products
Canned fruits and vegetables
."Disinfectants and insecticides

Cases

__ ___

Polish, furniture or metal

_

16

(2
)
15
3
41

8

22

Gallons.
Gallons.

1, 013
196, 396

10,135
17, 287

1,013
196,396

10,135
17,287

16,807
4,152
1,548

5

4,382
890
1,174

16,807
4,152
1,548

4, 382
890
1,174

5
202,360
0)

500
5,666
1,200

5
202,360
0)

500
5,666
1,200

2,118,903
805
0)

83,392
252
851

2,118,903
805
0)

83,392
252
851

559
706
700

1,339
4,880
1,050
54

559
706
700

1, 339
4,880
1,050
54

13,574
6,640
1,050

22,629
5,139
1,158

(0
13,574
6,640
1,050

LIMA STATE HOSPITAL

T o ta l__

_

___

Clothing
Aprons
Coats, dress
Dresses
Overalls
Pajamas and nightgowns
Pants, dress
Pants, work
Shoes repaired

____

Underwear, men’s and boys’
Underwear, women’s and children’s

Miscellaneous

256
,481
388
671
77
950
355
307
16
68
15

54
423
358
40
11
475
24
714
7
9

Milk, w h ole___ ________ ____________

12

18,538
50
832,712

2,454
2,160
18,736

18,538
50
832,712

$2,106

_________

—

256
1, 481
388
671
77
950
355
307
16
68

■■=

2,454
2,160
18, 736

Dozen
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Pairs
Dozen
Dozen
Pounds.
Head
Pounds-

75,204

54
423
358
40
11
475
24
714
7
9

Dozen ..

_________

Farm: Dairy
Beef, dressed
Cattle

Sea

12
Each
Each

. _

0)

77,310

167

______

22,629
5,139
1,158 '

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Hogs
............ ............... ..............
Hogs_.~ _ _ .......... .................... _............ Head_
*
_
Pork, dressed
___________________ ____ Pounds.
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs
~
____ '
Dozen _
Poultry, dressed __ _
__
Pounds.
H ead
Poultry, live __
Farm: Miscellaneous_____ _____ __________
Head. _
Grain-mill products: Wheat cereal
Pounds.
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous—
Soap and other detergents _
Soap
______
_ ____
Pounds.
Soap, liquid __
Gallons.
Miscellaneous __
Textile products _____
__
Pillowcases
______
___ _
Dozen _
_____
_____
Dozen __
Sheets
Towels
______
________
Dozen...
Miscellaneous. ............................. .... ......

0)

0)

15

footnotes at end of table.

205




able

A.—K in d , quantity, and

value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , cmcZ institution —Continued

206

T

OHIO—Continued
AverUnit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

lima state hospital—continued

Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Corn, field___________________________
Ensilage_____________________________
Hay____ ______ ______________________
Oats____________ _____ _______________
Potatoes____ ____ ____________________
Wheat___________ _________ _________
Miscellaneous.......................... .............. .
Farm: Hogs_____________________________
Hogs._ _______________ _________ __
Pork, dressed_________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_____ _
Eggs______________
______
Poultry, dressed_____________ _____
Poultry, live_______________________ __
Furniture: Other than metal or wood. . . .
Mattresses________ . _________ _ __
Pillows. ________ ____ _____________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Textile products_________ ____ ___________
Bags, cloth______________________ ____
Pillowcases__________ __________ .
Sheets_______ _____ ___ ____ _________
Towels________ _____ ____ _________
Miscellaneous_______________ _________
Other manufactured products______________
Canned fruits and vegetables___________
D o .....................................................
Miscellaneous......................................




84

Head
Pounds.
Dozen
Pounds .
Head
Each
Each..

3
6

3
1

12

250
600
230
3,450
3, 360
2,929
0)

$125
2,175
2,544
1,380
3, 336
2,050
7,722

250
600
230
3,450
3, 360
2,929
0)

$125
2,175
2,544
1,380
3, 336
2,050
7,722

650
77, 790

7,550
6,689

650
77, 790

7, 550
6,689

12,271
7,880
2,838

3,090
1,675
1,419

12, 271
7,880
2,838

3,090
1, 675
1, 419

480
48

1, 676
24
500

480
48

1, 676
24
500

4
122

37
360
377
583
447

4

69
447

Bushels.
Tons
Tons .
Bushels.
Bushels.
Bushels.

37
277
343
551
285

54
1,388
0)

702
2,788
2,127

54
1,388
0)

702
2,788

0)

Dozen .
Dozen
Dozen _
Dozen _ _
Barrels..
Cases__

34

0)

0)
116
68
440
0)

347

6
1
7
0)

$83
34
32
162

0)

1,780

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN TH E UNITED STATES, 1 9 4 0

Institution and articles produced

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

OKLAHOMA
Total.

ALL INSTITUTIONS

Suits_______________________________
Miscellaneous_______________________
Clothing, knit: Hosiery_________________
Construction: Buildings________________
Construction: Major repairs to buildings.
Cordage________________________________
Binder twine_______________________
Rope_______________________________
Farm: Cattle_______ _____ _____________
Beef, dressed________________________
Cattle______________________________
Farm:-Dairy___________________________
Milk, whole________________________
Miscellaneous_______________________
Farm: Field crops and garden__________
Barley______________________________
Corn, field__________________________
Cotton______________________________
Hay________________________________
Oats________________ ____ __________
Wheat______________________________
Miscellaneous_______________________
Farm: Hogs_________ __________________
Hogs_______________________________
Pork, dressed_______________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products____
Eggs________________________________
Poultry, live________ _____ _________
Farm: Miscellaneous___________________
Livestock............................... ..............

$1, 063, 314

$1, 234, 364
711
3,202

313
187
342
21,984
17,407
29, 359
6,243
0)
920
0)
4,571

$120,247

$50, 803

11,942
2,551
14, 268
3,750
337
755
197,855
104,809
54, 777
2, 680
183
7,737
1, 360
3, 329

Dozen. .
M _____

711
3,202

11,942
2,551
14, 268

Dozen
Dozen.
Each..
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs..
Pairs. _

313
187
342
21,984
17,407
30,109
6,243
0)
920
0)
4, 571
4
0)

3, 750
337
755
197, 855
104, 809
61, 373
2,680
183
7,737
1, 360
3,329
35, 803
15, 000

Pounds.
Pounds.

379, 215
437, 688

26, 705
38, 271

Pounds.
Head_
_

6,858
586

823
21,879

6,858
34

823
977

Pounds.

952,874
0)

26, 226
137

952,874
0)

26,226
137

Bushels.
Bushels.
Bales_
_
Tons___
Bushels.
Bushels.

2,664
2,972
36
474
3,329
2,343
0)

2,397
1,783
1, 543
6,701
2,164
1,815
16, 230

2, 664
2,972

2,397
1,783

474
3, 329
2,343
0)

6, 701
2,164
1,815
16, 230

Head_
_
Pounds.

1,354
31,866

19, 556
3,187

143
31,866

2,974
3,187

Dozen
Head-

17,133
4,896

3,457
2,088

17,133
4,896

3,457
2,088

184

828

Each.
Doz. pr.
Each___

Head.

1

0)

750

379, 215
437, 688

4
0)

6,596

26,705
38,271

552

20,902

36

1,543

I, 211

16,582

184

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Agricultural implements and parts: Repairs.
Brooms, brushes, and mops: Brooms______
Clay, cement, and stone products: Brick___
Clothing, other than knit_________________
Coats, work.________________________
Hats and caps..._____________________
Pants, dress_________________________
Pants, work_________________________
Shirts, work_________________________
Shoes, new__________________________
Shoes repaired_______________________

828

35,803
15,000

See footnotes at end of table.




8

T

able

A.— K in d , quantity ,

to
O

and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s9 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

GO

OKLAHOMA—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use

Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account

Quantity

Value

all institutions—continued

Furniture: Wood............. .................................
Bedroom suites_________________________
_____
________ _ _ _____
Beds
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc________ ____ _____________________
Chairs _____
Living-room suites........... .....................__
Venetian blinds.... .......... - ______ _______
Miscellaneous_________ ______ ____ _____
Furniture: Other than metal or wood_______
Mattresses________ _____________________
Pillows
.
_____________________ _
Miscellaneous ____________________ __
Grain-mill products: Corn meal_____________
Metal products_____________ _______________
Auto license tags _____ _______________
Highway markers
_ _
Signs

90

46
Each __
Each __
Barrels..

____

Tags, miscellaneous
_____
________
Gallons.
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed. _ Tons
Soap and other detergents: Soap
__ ____
Pounds.

P aint

Textile products: M iscellaneous
W o o d products
L u m b er
M ill work

5
15
125
1
(2
)
23

Bd. ft

Other manufactured products.
Canned fruits and vegetables _
Cases. _
Disinfectants
___________ ______
Harness
___________________
Insecticides, disinfectants, and related Gallons
chemical compounds.
Leather, sole and saddle
Pounds
Leather, upper------------ --------------------------- Sq. ft.__




1
27

Each___
Each

133

85
86
30
1,249
73
937
0)

$2,178
560
188
4,088
2,232
8,244
8,315

85
86
30
1,249
73
937
0)

$2,178
560
188
4,088
2,232
8,244
8,315

18,909
2,503

Each...
Each
Each
Each..
Each _
Each

720

117, 231
5,006
2,221
1,872

18,909
2,503
0)
720

117,231
5,0062,221
1,872

1,257,550
17, 518
0)
01
)
5,066
0)
9,718
29,299
0)

89,171
11,958
1,325
21,764
7,484
9,085
7,192
1,859
740

1,257,550
17,518
0)
(“ )
5,066
0)
9,718
29,299
0)

89,171
11,958
1,325
21,764
7,484
9,085
7,192
1,859
740

243,999
0)

5,965
15, 602

243,999
(>)

5,965
15,602

87,959
0)
0)
5,278

224,171
8,605
221
5,414

87,959
C)

224,171
8,605

5,278

5,414

43,796
26,191

11,742
5,090

43,796
26,191

11,742
5,090

0)

$221

Piece price

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE' UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

Saddlery_______________________
Tobacco, smoking and chewing.

Pounds

0)

16,800

STATE PENITENTIARY
T otal............................ ................. .......................




1,068,055
D ozen...

M...

Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
D ozen P airs...
Pairs...
E ach ...
Doz. p r.

(9

711
3,202

296
187
21,742
17,154
13,585
6,243
920

0)

4,571

(9

(9

6,720
954,930

11,942
2,551
14,268

711
3,202

11,942
2,551
14,268

296
187
21,742
17,154
13,585
6,243
920
0)
4,571

3, 552
337
195,678
102,924
36,238
2,680
7,737
1,360
3,329

8, 599

3,552
337
195,678
102,924
36,238
2,680
7,737
1,360
3,329
15,000

0)

Pounds.
Pounds.
Head....

379, 215
437,688
411

26,705
38, 271
16,567

Pounds.

502,123

15,743
137

502,123

2,664
2,972
437
3,329
1,364

2,664
2,972
437
3, 329
1,364

2,397
1,783
6,555
2,164
1,228
12,200

1, 211

2.397
i;783
6,555
2,164
1,228
12,200
16, 582

D ozenHead...

14,569
3,614

2,913
1,446

14,569
3,614

2,913
1,446

Each..
Each_.
Each..
Each_.
Each..
Each_.

85
86
30
1,249
73
937

2,178
560
188
4,088
2,232
8,244
8,315

85
86
30
1,249
73
937

77,744
5,006
2,221

13,268
2,503

15,000

2,178
560
188
4,088
2,232
8,244
8,315

13,268
2,503
0)

(9

15,743
137

Bushels .
Bushels.
T on s..
Bushels.
Bushels.

98,125

$15,000

77,744
5,006
2,221

Head___

Each_.
Each..

(9

(9

0)

379, 215
437,688
411

(9

(9

(9

26,705
38, 271
16,567

1, 211

16,582

209

See footnotes at end of table.

16,800

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Agricultural implements and parts: Repairs.
Brooms, brushes, and mops: Brooms_______
Clay, cement, and stone products: B rick .. .
Clothing, other than knit___ _______ ______
Coats, work------------------ ----------------------Hats and caps................................ ..............
Pants, w ork--------------------------------- -------Shirts, work— ------------------------------------Shoes, n e w ................................. ...............
Shoes repaired........ .................. .........
Suits____________ _______ ____________ _
Miscellaneous__________________________
Clothing, knit: Hosiery____________________
Construction: M ajor repairs to buildings___
Cordage.----------- -----------------------------------------Binder twine_____________________ ____
R ope__________________________________
Farm: Cattle_____ ________ ____ __________
Farm: Dairy____________ ___________ ______
M ilk, whole__________________ ________
Miscellaneous___________ _____ ________
Farm: Field crops and garden........................
Barley______________________ ________ _
Corn, field___________ ___________ _____
H a y ...................... ....................... .................
Oats___ _____ _____ ___________________
W heat............................................................
Miscellaneous__________________________
Farm: Hogs_______________________ _______
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs----------------------------------------------------Poultry, liv e .______ _________ _________
Furniture: W ood ................... .......................
Bedroom suites___________ ____________
Beds____________________ __________ ___
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc....... ...................
Chairs____________ _____ ______________
Living-room suites.....................................
Venetian blinds________________________
Miscellaneous__________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or w ood ______
Mattresses____________________________
Pillows'._____________ ________________
Miscellaneous_____
____
—

8,599
6,720

a

A.— K in d ,
b

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued
l
e

210

T

OKLAHOMA—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State i

Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account

Quantity

Value

STATE PENITENTIARY—Continued
Grain-mill products: Corn meal_______ ____ _
Metal products__________ ____ _____________
Auto license tags________________________
Highway markers_______ _______ _______
Signs_____________________ *____________
Tags, miscellaneous_____________________
Paint_______________________________________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous________
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed
Soap and other detergents: Soap____________
Textile products: Miscellaneous____________
W ood products_____________________________
Lum ber________________________________
M ill w ork_______________________________
Other manufactured products_______________
Canned fruits and vegetables___________
Disinfectants___________________________
Insecticides, disinfectants, and related
chemical compounds.
Tobacco, smoking and chewing_________

Barrels.

720

$ 1 ,8 7 2

720

$ 1 ,8 7 2

., 2 5 7 ,5 5 0
17, 518

Each..
Each..

8 9 ,1 7 1
1 1 ,9 5 8
1 ,3 2 5
2 1 ,7 6 4
7 ,4 8 4
9 ,0 8 5
3 ,2 5 7
1 ,8 5 9
740

1 ,2 5 7 ,5 5 0
17, 518

8 9 ,1 7 1
1 1 ,9 5 8
1 ,3 2 5
2 1 ,7 6 4
7 ,4 8 4
9 ,0 8 5
3 ,2 5 7
1 ,8 5 9
7 40

5 ,9 6 5
1 5 ,6 0 2

2 4 3 ,9 9 9

0)
(“)

Gallons.

5 ,0 6 6

0)

Tons___
Pounds.

3 ,6 2 0
2 9 ,2 9 9

(2
)
Bd. ft..

0)
2 4 3 ,9 9 9

0)

0)
(»)
5 ,0 6 6

0)

3 ,6 2 0
2 9 ,2 9 9

0)
0)

5 ,9 6 5
1 5 ,6 0 2

Cases...

8 7 ,9 5 9
5 ,2 7 8

2 2 4 ,1 7 1
8 ,6 0 5
5 ,4 1 4

8 7 ,9 5 9

Gallons.

5 ,2 7 8

2 2 4 ,1 7 1
8 ,6 0 5
5 ,4 1 4

1 6 ,8 0 0

6 ,7 2 0

1 6 ,8 0 0

6 ,7 2 0

0)

Pounds.

0)

STATE REFORMATORY
Total.




1 6 6 ,3 0 9

407

1 0 8 ,3 8 4

$22,122

$ 3 5 ,8 0 3

93

Dozen..
Each...
Dozen..
Dozen. .
Pairs.._
Each___
Pounds.
Head...

17
342
'2 4 2
2 53
1 5 ,7 7 4

4

198
755
2 ,1 7 7
1 ,8 8 5
2 5 ,1 3 5
183
3 5 ,8 0 3

6 ,8 5 8
175

823
5 ,3 1 2

1,8 58
34

17
3 42
2 42
253
1 6 ,5 2 4

0)

0)

198
755
2 ,1 7 7
1 ,8 8 5
1 8 ,5 3 9
183

823
977

Quantity

Value

1940

Clothing________________
Coats, work_________
Pants, dress_________
Pants, work_________
Shirts, work_________
Shoes, new__________
Shoes repaired______
Construction: Buildings.
Earm: Cattle___________
Beef, dressed________
Cattle_______________

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN THE' UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

750

6 596
,

141

4 ,3 3 5

Pounds.

450,751

10,483

450,751

10,483

B ales...
Tons___
Bushels.

36
37
979

37
979

0)

1,543
146
587
4,030

0)

146
587
4,030

H eadPounds.

143
31,866

2,974
3,187

143
31,866

2,974
3,187

D ozenHead—

2,564
1,282

544
642

2,564
1,282

544
642

Head..
Each...

36

184

184

828

5,641

39,487

5,641

3,935

6,098

3,935

0)
43,796
26,191
0)

221
11,742
5,090
8,599

43,796
26,191

11,742
5,090

828

39,487

6,098

1
1

1,543

"119
T ons...
62
Pounds.
S q .f t ...

0)

221

0)

8,599

OREGON
STATE PENITENTIARY
Total.
Bakery products, commercial .
Clothing, other than knit____
Aprons__________________
Coats, work______________
Hats and ca p s ............ .......
Overalls_________________
Pants, work______________
Shirts, work_________ ____
Shoes, new_______________
Shoes repaired___________
Suits_____________________
Clothing, knit: Hosiery______
Construction: Buildings_____
Farm: Dairy_________________
Beef, dressed_____________
Cattle___________________
M ilk, whole_____________
Miscellaneous____________

See footnotes at end of table.




$524,593

$175,980

$120,381

Pounds

14,782

739

14,782

D ozenDozen..
D ozenDozen...
Dozen..
Dozen..
Pairs_
_
Pairs....
E ach ....
Doz. pr.
E ach ....

64
36
91
256
52
297
2,378
2,718
524
261
3

175
214
153
2,007
330
1,479
5,620
1,359
5,240
391
175,980

64
36
91
256
52
297
2,378
2,718
524
261

175
214
153
2,007
330
1,479
5,620
1,359
5,240
391

Pounds.
H eadPounds .

6,377

638
7,162
24,284
1,424

6,377
128
1,153,900
0)

638
6,873
24,284
1,424

$228,232

739

1,153,900
0)

#

3

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Dairy: M ilk, whole___________
Farm: Field crops and garden________
Cotton___________________________
H a y_____________________________
W heat___________________________
Miscellaneous____________________
Farm: Hogs_________________________
Hogs--------------------------------------------Pork, dressed____________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products..
Eggs-------------------------------------------Poultry, live_____________________
Farm: Miscellaneous_________________
Livestock________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or w ood.
Mattresses_______________________
Quarrying and rock crushing_________
Stone, crushed___________________
Other manufactured products________
Harness__________________________
Leather, sole and saddle__________
Leather, upper___________________
Saddlery.____ _________ ____ _____

175,980
84

289

bO

T

able

fc
O
h-l
to

A.— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued
OREGON-Contlnued
Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Aver-

Unit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account

Quantity

Value

STATE PENITENTIARY—continued




*

84
Tons___
Bushels .
Tons___
Tons
Bushels.
Tons___
Bushels.

$720
57,324
120
5,496
414
216
115
9,702

180

$720

40
687
1,125
54
164
0)

120
5,496
414
216
115
9,702

609
139,895

4,918
13,968

609
139,895

4,918
13,968

21,723
10,598
4,242
160
0)

4,547
2,169
1,600
3,383
1,000

21, 723
10, 598
4,242

4,547
2,169
1,600

(0

1,000

4,662
6,063

24,628
4,122

330
6,063

1,607
4,122

5
97
223
263

6
Head
Pounds _

180
24,163
40
687
1,125
54
164
(9

5
97
223
263

311

27
232
1,336
862
254
933

311

27
232
1,336
862
254
933

13,381
918,187

15,097
144,215

13,381

15,097

24,163

f $57,324

160

3,383

4,332

23,021

918,187

144,215

8
D ozen...
Poun ds.
Head___
Tons___

2
4
56

Tons___
Tons
6
Dozen
Dozen .
Dozen __
Dozen.
Cords.

12 30

0)

0)

106
Cases
Pounds.

Quantity

Value

1940

Farm: Field crops and garden______________
Ensilage. _ . r ____ *1____________________
Flaxseed_____ _________________________
Fodder_________________________________
H ay_______________________________
O ats.______ _______________________
Straw. _ ______________________________
Wheat____________________ _______ . . .
Miscellaneous______ ______ _________ . . .
Farm: H ogs.._____ _________________________
Hogs___________ _______ ___________ ____
Pork, dressed____ ____________ _________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products________
Eggs___________________________________
Poultry, dressed_____________________ . .
Poultry, live___ _____ _ __________ . . .
Grain-mill products: Flax meal. . . ...............
Printing and binding: M iscellaneous___ . . .
Quarrying and rock crush in g_______________
Lime and agricultural limestone_________
Stone, crushed_______ __________
Textile products___________
Bags, cloth_______________ ___
Pillowcases____ _ ___ ___
Sheets........
. . ...........................
Towels__________ ________ _______
Miscellaneous___ _
_____________
W ood products: W ood, fuel____________
Other manufactured products__________
Canned fruits and vegetables__________ _
Flax tow and fiber_________ ____________

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN TH U UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

PEN N SYLVANIA
ALL INSTITUTIONS
Total____ ____________ ______ ______________

2,269

$1,958,508

$1,657, 508

$301,000

3
67
648
7,500

798
1,424
750

67
648
7,500

798
1,424
750

255
26
597
192
29
250
492

1

255
26
597
192
29
250
492

652
1,009
168
1,178
2,822
819
2,680
44,507
14,949
4,058
100
3
3
(9

1,121
413
13,153
126
118
150
1,410
1,402
7,900
10,200
1,842
3,805
49,094
8,738
26,615
112,448
13,463
38,515
500
12
96
3,104

652
1,009
168
1,178
2,822
819
2,680
44,507
14,949
4,058
100
3
3
0)

1,121
413
13,153
126
118
150
1,410
1,402
7,900
10,200
1,842
3,805
49,094
8,738
26,615
112,448
13,463
38, 515
500
12
96
3,104

20,372
5,732
18
(0
(9

25,560
26,869
182,000
15,000
104,000

20,372
5,732

25,560
26,869

77,826
231
(0

13,814
19,930
1,100

77,826
231
(9

13,814
19,930
1,100

62,771
74
2,281,587

8,198
2,605
79,856

62, 771
74
2,281, 587

8,198
2,605
79,856

340

(0

77
143
25
166
12

52

(0

18
0)
0)

182,000
15,000
104,000

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Brooms, brushes, and m ops_________________
Brooms_________ _______ ______________ Dozen..
Brushes-.. _______ ____________________ D ozen...
Olay, cement, and stone products: Concrete Each___
blocks.
Clothing, other than knit_____ _____ _______
A prons._____ _______________ _________
Dozen
Coats, dress____ ______________________ Each
Coatsj work___________________________
Dozen _
Dresses________
____ _
___________
Each
Gloves and mittens_____________ ______ Doz. pr.
Handkerchiefs______ ___________________ Dozen
Hats and caps___________ _____________
Dozen _
Labor o n ly .!____ _________ __________
Overalls____ _ ____________________
Dozen „
Overcoats___ ______ ________
_______
Each___
Pajamas and n i g h t g o w n s . __
Dozen
Pants, dress
__
........
......... .
Each
Pants, work.
_
____
____ _.
Dozen
Shirts, dress. ____
_ _
...... ........
Dozen _
D ozen...
Shirts, work_________ .
_ _____ . . .
Shoes, n e w ... _________________________
Pairs___
Shoes repaired
_
____ _
Pairs
__
______ _
Each
Suits ___ __ _____
Underwear, men’s and boys’
Dozen
Underwear, women’s and children’s___
D ozen...
Each___
Uniforms___ ____ ____ _____ ______ _
Miscellaneous___________ _____ _____
Clothing, knit_________________ ______ __
H o s ie r y .__ _____ ______________ ____
Doz. pr.
_______ ___________________
Underwear. .
Dozen
Construction: Buildings
_ _ _ _
Each___
Construction: Land d evelop m en t____
Construction: Miscellaneous
_____ _
Farm: Cattle.
.
___ _________
Beef, dressed ._
_____ ___________
Pounds _
C a ttle ___
_________________________ Head .. .
M iscellaneous____ _____________________
Farm: Dairy
_ ___ ____
Pounds.
Beef, dressed
___ _ __________
Cattle
_____________________ H ea d ....
M ilk, w hole.......... ........... ........ ................... Pounds.

See footnotes at end of table.

213




A.—K in d ,

2 1 4

T able

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s , 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

PENNSYLVANIA—Continued

ALL

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use

Quantity

Value

institutions—continued

Farm: Field crops and garden
Corn, field______________________________
Ensilage
__ ______________________
Fodder
________________________ _ _
Hay
___________________________
Oats
_______________ ___________ _
Potatoes__ ___ _____ _______________ _
Rye
___________ ______________
Straw
__________ _____________ _ _
Wheat
___________________________
M iscellaneous-_______ __________ _____
Farm: Hogs _ ________________________ _ _
_____________________________
Hogs
_
Pork, dressed_ ________ ______ _______
Miscellaneous - _ _____________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products________
Eggs
-- ______________________
Poultry, dressed_________________ ______
Poultry, live__________________________
Farm: Miscellaneous__________________ ____
Furniture: M etal__________ ______________
Lockers
__________ ________________ _
Shelving ______________________________
Tables ____________________ - _______
Miscellaneous ___________ __
Furniture: W ood
___________ ________
Beds _________________________________
_______ ________
Bookcases
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_____________ _
Chairs
__
_______________________
Davenports, sofas, etc____________
__
Desks
_ ____ ______ _______ ___
Mirrors
Tables-------------- -------------------------------------




476
Bushels.
Bushels _

35
Head
Pounds.
13
Dozen
P ounds.
Head
45
19

$1,814
12,701
7,745
725
15,433
7,620
25,621
40
4,085
13,821
47,362

3,240
32,073
1,750
150
1,403
17,201
26,688
80
430
16,133
0)

$1,814
12,701
7,745
725
15,433
7,620
25,621
40
4,085
13,821
47,362

1,416
327,864
(0

25,770
27,868
372

1,416
327,864
0)

25,770
27,868
372

20,261
18,247
3,632
0)

4,600
3,194
2,330
5,663

20,261
18, 247
3,632
(>
5

4,600
3,194
2,330
5,663

82

Tons
Tons
Bushels.
Bushels.
Bushels.
Tons
Bushels.

3,240
32,073
1,750
150
1,403
17,201
26,688
80
430
16,133
(0

369
6,232
430
886

82
0)

3G9
6, 232
430
886

Each.
0)

E a ch ...
149
Each___
Each___
E ach.. .
Each___
Each —.
E ach.. _
Each. __
Each___

40

(0
4
105
162
3, 917
76
256
202
1,523

59
1,369
4,431
17,421
1,404
9,381
1,380
27,156

40

0 )

4
105
162
3,917
76
256
202
1,523

59
1,369
4,431
17, 421
1,404
9,381
1,380
27,156

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THEI UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

20
101

1, 217
0)
1,257
4, 705,163
24, 772
- 60,879
»1 ,512,874

29

1,217
0)
1, 257

1,010
1, 782
39,861

282, 748 4, 705,163
24, 772
37,443
9, 259
60,879
36, 255 131,512,874
4,912
429
1,677
3,176

55,688
334
4,636
(0

4,912
429
1,677
3,176

676,000
1,344,000
0)
9,047

1, 576
2,072
35,475
13, 570

676.000
i, 344 ; 000
0)
9,047

1, 576
2,072
35,475
13,570

123,989
55,916

717,493
86,052

123,989
55,916

33
18,236
4,272
20,000
4,935
1,056
969
6,143
0)

181
1,168
9,635
2,400
36,898
1, 596
261
13,299
2,724

33
18,236
4,272
20,000
4,935
1,056
969
6,143
0)

181
1,168
9,635
2,400
36,898
1,596
261
13,299
2,724

220,000

30
304

55,688
334
4,636
0)

717,493
86,052

76

7,700
62

220,000

7,700
62

73,536
101,329
744
46
1,356
1,012

35,605
733,650
0)

38

20
85

10

i

282, 748
37,443
9, 259
36, 255

1,010
1,782
39,861

0)
35,605
733,650
0)
(0
0)
0)

(0

0)
(>
)

(9

73,536
101,329
744
46
1,356
1,012

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Trays__________________________________ Each..
_ _____________ .
M iscellaneous___ _
Grain-mill products: Feed, s t o c k __ ________ Tons___
Metal products: Tags, highway markers,
and signs.
Auto license tags_____________________ __ E ach...
Highway markers______________________ Each___
S ig n s ..-_____ ____ _________________ __ Each— —
Tags, miscellaneous______________ ____ _ Each___
Metal products: Miscellaneous.— __________
Castings _________ ____ _____________ Pounds _
Galvanized ware____________________ . . Pieces.. _
Pieces
________________
Tinware
Miscellaneous______ ____________________
Printing and binding_______________ _____ _
Envelopes______ __ __________________ Each___
Each.
___________ ____
Letterheads___
Miscellaneous.-. __________ ________ _
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed. Tons___
Textiles___ ____ _____ _____ ________________
Cotton yard goods, light________ _____ _ Sq. y d _
W ool yard goods
___ ____________________ Sq. yd__
Textile products___________________________
Bags, cloth __ __ ____________________ Dozen
Flags, danger _________________________ Each.
Pillowcases_______________________ ______ D ozen...
Each
Rags, floor __
____ ___ ___
____
Sheets________ _______________________ Dozen. _
Ticks, mattress_________________________ Each___
Ticks, pillow____________________________ Each___
Towels __ _____________________________ Dozen.
Miscellaneous_______________________ ___
W ood p r o d u c t s ..._____ _______________ ._
Lumber________________________________ Bd. ft—
Miscellaneous______ ________ ________ __
Other manufactured products_______________
C a n n e d fruits and vegetables Cases
Coffee, roasted__________________________ Pounds.
Harness________ __________ _____ ______
Leather articles, miscellaneous _____ __
Repairs (harness). ____ ____________
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing): Repairs
(automobile).
See footnotes at end of table.

215




able

216

T

A.— K in d, quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system , and institution— Continued
PENNSYLVANIA—Continued

Total

Unit

EASTERN STATE PENITENTIARY
_ __________________________________




Quantity

$285,091

344

Public works and
ways

State use

Value

Quantity

$265,591

Value

$19,500

183
D ozen. _
Each___
D ozen. _
Doz. pr_D ozen ...
Each___
Each
Dozen
Dozen _
Pairs
Pairs___
Each
Each.
77
Doz. pr
Dozen
Each___

10
10
47

Each .
Each
Sq. y d ...
Dozen
Each
Each . . .
D ozen. _

14
3

42
26
299
10
160
431
328
1,728
6
44,419
5,661
1,974
3
(0

188
413
5,416
26
559
4,735
1,255
28, 789
292
112,118
4,383
18,180
96
2,080

42
26
299
10
160
431
328
1,728
6
44,419
5,651
1,974
3
(0

188
413
5,416
26
559
4,735
1,255
28,789
292
112,118
4,383
18,180
96
2,080

20,372
5,732
6
0)

25,560
26,869
9,500
10,000

20,372
5,732

25,560
26,869

676,666
1,344,000
(0
24,804

1, 576
2,072
22,129
6,158

676,000
1,344,000
0)
24,804

1, 576
2,072
22,129
6,158

12
880
780
745

18
1,332
211
1,136

12
880
780
745

18
1,332
211
1,136

6
0)

9,500
10,000

State account

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

Clothing, other than knit___...................... .......
Aprons....... ................. ................... ...............
Coats, dress................ ...................................
Coats, work.................. .................................
Gloves and mittens. .....................................
Hats and caps................................................
Overcoats_________________________ ____
Pants, dress______________ _____________
Pants, work_______________________ ____
Shirts, work. ..............................................
Shoes, new_____ ____ _______ ___________
Shoes repaired________ _____ ___________
Suits___________________________________
Uniforms............ .......... ......................... .......
Miscellaneous.............. .......... .......... ............
Clothing, knit_________ ____ _____ _________
H oisery.................... ................... .................
Underwear................ .....................................
Construction: Buildings................. ..................
Construction: Miscellaneous____ _____ _____
Printing and binding_______________________
Envelopes_________________________ ____
Letterheads_____________________________
Miscellaneous.______ _________ ______
Textiles: Cotton yard goods, ligh t............. .
Textile products._______ ___________________
Bags, cloth_________________________ _
Ticks, mattress_ _..................................
Ticks, pillow.............................. ........ ........
Towels.............................................................

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

PRISON LABOR IN THE' UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

NEW EASTERN STATE PENITENTIARY
Total______________________________________

141,588

504

408102'

7,500

1
0

168,500
15.000
92.000

59,471

11
2
25
154
5

0)
0)

0)
0)

10, 526
9,595

59,471

0)

1,100

0)

2,015
9,000
460
390
2,710

1,128
3,564

2,015
9,000
460
390
2, 710

11
0

90

10

w

2,010

4,290
2,640
9, 307

275, 500

750

750

11
0

0)

168,500
15.000
92.000

10,526
9, 595

1,100

1,128
3,564

2,010

4,290
2,640
9,307

8,840
9,173
372

442
107,923

242
364
95
1,656

55
64
67
730

242
364
95
1,656

55
64
67
730

262,170
25,383

56, 717
20,660

262,170
25, 383

56, 717
20,660

442
107,923

0)

0)

8,840
9,173
372

INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL
Total.
Brooms, brushes, and m ops...
Brooms________ _________
Brushes............. .................
Clothing____________________
Aprons_________________
Hats and caps___________
Pants, dress_____________
Pants, w ork_____________
Shoes repaired___________
Construction: Buildings_____
Construction: MiscellaneousFarm: Dairy________________
Beef, dressed____________
Cattle___________________
M ilk, whole_____________
See footnotes at end of table.




4,500

265,363

269,863

340
Dozen..
Dozen..

67
648

798
1,424

67
648

798
1,424

Dozen..
Dozen..
E ach...
D ozen Pairs. ..
E ach...

125

1

450
296
2, 550
1,800
3.000
2,500

125

850
250
3,000

850
250
3,000

450
296
2,550
1,800
3,000

14,141
40
511,376

1,939
1,965
17,898

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clay, cement, and stone products: Concrete E ach...
blocks.
Construction: Buildings____________________ E ach...
Construction: Land development___________
Construction: Miscellaneous_______________
Farm: Cattle_______________________________
Beef, dressed_________________________ _ Pounds.
Cattle______ ___________________________ H e a d ...
Miscellaneous------------ ------------- -------------Farm: Field crops and garden______ ________
Barley_________________________________ Bushels.
Corn, field_____________________________
Bushels.
Ensilage___________ ____ _______________ Tons___
H ay_______________ ____ _______________ Tons___
W heat_________________________________ Bushels.
Miscellaneous____ ______ _______________
Farm: Hogs_____________________ ____ _____
Hogs___________________________________ H e a d ...
Pork, dressed___________________________ Pounds.
Miscellaneous__________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs-------------------------------- ------------------Dozen. _
Poultry, dressed________________________ Pounds.
Poultry, live__________________ ____ ____ H e a d ...
Metal products: Tinware...... ................. .......... Pieces...
Textiles______________________________ _____
Cotton yard goods, light________________ Sq. yd..
W ool yard goods........... ............................... Sq. yd..

12
1

(0
Pounds.
_
Head_
Pounds.

12
1

2.000

(0
14,141
40
511,376

1,939
1,965
17,898

2,500

2,000
fc
O

able

218

T

A .— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prison s , 1940, by State, system , azicZ institution — Continued
PENNSYLVANIA—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

industrial school—continued

Farm: Field crops and garden______________
Barley___ T______ _____________________
Corn, fie ld .._____ _______ ______________
Ensilage________________ ______________
Hay______________ ____________________
Oats_____________________________ ____ _
.
Potatoes__________________________
R ye__________________ ______________
W heat______ — ____ ________________
Miscellaneous_____________________ _
Farm: Hogs__________________________ _____
Hogs.- ________ _________________ Pork, dressed. ______
_______ _
Poultry and poultry products_____ ____ ____
Eggs___________________________________
Poultry, dressed__________ ______ _ ___
Poultry, live________ ____ ______________
Furniture: M etal______ ____________________
Lockers_____ __________ ________________
Furniture: W ood ____________ __________ __
B ed s.. ______________ __________
. _
___________
Bookcases____________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc
Chairs
___ _____ _______
Davenports, sofas, e t c _______________
Desks. _____________________________ __
Mirrors_______________________ ____
Tables
. ______________________
Trays
_____ ___________ _
Miscellaneous
____ _______________
Metal products
__
___
___
Castings____
____ ______ ____ ___
Galvanized w a r e .... .......................... ..........
Tinware
____
. ______
Miscellaneous__________________________




43
$686
792
2,135
2,618
44
3,484
40
1,403
9,793

1,225
2,000
490
238
100
3,629
80
1,440
0)

$686
792
2,135
2,618
44
3,484
40
1,403
9,793

4,980
5, 751

249
67,656

4,980
5, 751

6,938
7,612
1,192

1,575
1,332
834

6,938
7,612
1,192

1,575
1,332
834

82

369

82

369

4
105
162
3,917
76
256
202
1,523
1,217

9
Head
Pounds.

1,225
2,000
490
238
100
3,629
80
1,440
0)
249
67,656

Bushels.
Bushels.
Tons ..
Tons
Bushels.
Bushels.
Bushels .
Bushels.

59
1,369
4,431
17,421
1,404
9,381
1,380
27,156
r, 010
1,782

4
105
162
3,917
76
256
202
1,523
1,217
0)

59
1,369
4,431
17,421
1,404
9,381
1,380
27,156
1,010
1,782

55,688
334
2,980
(0

4,912
429
947
494

55,688
334
2,980
0)

4,912
429
947
494

3
Dozen .
Pounds.
Head___
1
Each . . .
149
Each___
Each. ._
Each
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each . . .
Each___
21
Pounds .
Pieces._
Pieces ..

0
)

Quantity

Value

State account

Quantity

Value

Piece price

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1 9 4 0

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Printing and binding: Miscellaneous.
Textile products____________________
Pillowcases_____________________
Bags, floor_______________ ____
Sheets__________________________
Towels_________________________
W ood products: Miscellaneous______
Other manufactured products.. . .......
Canned fruits and vegetables.......
Coffee, roasted__________________

2
0
7
Dozen.
Each..
Dozen.
Dozen

20,000
600
1,468

(2
)

19

0)
4,702
733,650

700
2.400
2.400
3, 325
62
6,970
101,329

(0

8,046
292

20,000
600
1,458

0)

4,702
733,650

6,970
101, 329
607,019

607,019

426

700
2.400
2.400
3,325
62

~70
Dozen..
Dozen..
E ach...
Doz. pr.
Dozen..

74
260
120
12
208
(0

Dozen.
Each..
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Pairs..
Pairs..
Each..
Dozen.
Dozen.
18

0)

Each.

11
0

40

0)
4,705,163
24, 772
60,879
131,512,874

Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.
7
7
194
Sq. y d .
S q .y d -.

652
578
15
843
50
896
55
2,650
2,084
100
3
0)

0)
(9

430, 519
60, 669

411
7,232
60
71
520
357
7,900
5,465
160
18,480
684
11, 081
165
1,988
20, 335
500
12
180
6,232
430
886

74
260
120
12
208

(9

652
578
15
843
50
896
55
2, 650
2,084
100
3
0)

(9

40

(9

282, 748
37,443
9,259
36, 255
2, 682
3,800

4, 705,163
24, 772
60,879
13 1,512,874

61,114
35, 256

430, 519
60, 669

(9
(9

411
7,232
60
71
520
357
7,900
5, 465
160
18,480
684
11,081
165
1,988
20,335
500
12
180
6,232
430
886

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clothing__________________________________ _
Aprons____________________________ ____
Coats, work..................................................
Dresses........................................................
Gloves and mittens............................... ......
Hats and caps_________________ ________
Labor only_____________________________
Overalls________________________________
Overcoats______________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns_______________
Pants, work____________________________
Shirts, dress____________________________
Shirts, work____________________________
Shoes, new_____________________________
Shoes repaired__________________________
Suits___________________________________
Underwear, m en’s and boys’ ___________
Underwear, women’s and children’s____
Miscellaneous__________________________
Furniture: M etal____________________ ______
Shelving______________ ____ _____ ______
Tables_________________________________
Miscellaneous__________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers,
and signs.
Auto license tags_______________________
Highway markers______________________
Signs--------------------- ------- -----------------------Tags, miscellaneous____________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous_____________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Textiles____________________________________
Cotton yard goods, light________________
W ool yard goods............... ...........................

8,046
292

Cases. _.
Pounds.

WESTERN STATE PENITENTIARY
T otal______________ __________________

0)

282, 748
37,443
9,259
36, 255
2,682
3,800
61,114
35, 256

See footnotes at end of table.

219




220

T able A .— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons , 1940 , by State, system , and institution — Continued
PENNSYLVANIA—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use

Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

WESTERN STATE PENITENTIARY—Continued
Textile products
Bags, cloth—
_
_
__
__
_ _ __ _ __ _
Pillowcases.
Sheets
Towels
Miscellaneous
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturihg): Repairs
(automobile).

19
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen __
10

7
3,936
4,420
3,918
0)
0)

$83
8,820
34,383
8,811
2,204
1,012

7
3,936
4,420
3,918

(9
(9

$83
8,820
34, 383
8,811
2,204
1,012

NEW WESTERN STATE PENITENTIARY
Total

$1,500

322,142

10

G lo v e s a n d m it t e n s

Hats and caps
__
Labor only
Pants, work
Shoes, new
Shoes repaired
C o n s t r u c t i o n : Buildings

___________ _

Dozen
Pairs
Pairs
Each___

...............

18,355
130

7
12

7
12
1
33
3,648

21
35
1,045
25
165
4,092

3,288
10,335

18, 355
130

3,288
10,335

45, 295
1,473,877

5,662
51,586

45, 295
1,473,877

5,662
51,586

21,073
800
150
775
17,101
23,059
430

8, 345
3,600
725
8, 525
7, 576
22,137
4,085

21,073
800
150
775
17,101
23,059
430

8, 345
3,600
725
8, 525
7,576
22,137
4.085

(9
5

(9

1

7

Beef, dressed
'Cattle
Farm: Dairy
Beef, dressed

Pounds.
Head
25
Pounds .
M ilk,Pounds.
whole

Farm: Field crops and garden

____ _

C o r n , f ie ld

_

_ ____________
_____________ ____ _

O a ts

P o ta to e s __
________________ _
Straw.................. ........ ..................................




332
Bushels.
Tons
Tons
Tons
Bushels .
Bushels.
Tons___

1,500

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

1
33
3,648
1

21
35
1,045
25
165
4,092
1,500

Doz. pr
Dozen. _

F a r m : C a t t le

Ensilage
Fodder
H ay

323,642

572

Clothing

State account

PRISON LABOR IN THU UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Wheat

-

_ _ _ _ __
Bushels.
____
Miscellaneous

Pork, dressed

9, 778
21,846

11,983
0

9,778
21,846

11,950
12,944

725
152,285

11,950
12,944

4,325
3,576
552
0
1,257
0)
9,047

982
626
396
5,663
39,861
1,500
13, 570

4,325
3,576
552
0)
1,257
0)
9,047

982
626
396
5,663
39,861
1,500
13,570

14
9
22

14
9
22

0)
220,000

80
26
27
10
7,700

0)
220,000

80
26
27
10
7,700

28,149
0)
0)
0

Pounds.

11,983
0
725
152,285

_
16

61,790
744
1, 356
46

28,149
0
0)
0)

61, 790
744
1,356
46

4
Eggs
__
Poultry, dressed
Poultry, live

_
_

_
_

_ _ _ _
__ _______ _
__ ______________

Dozen
Pounds.
Head _
Tons___

Printing and binding: Miscellaneous
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed
________ _________ _
____ _____ ___ ___ _

Other manufactured products
Canned fruits and vegetables
Harness
Repairs (harness)
_ _
_
....................................
Leather articles

Dozen
Dozen
B d .ft.__

20
56

Cases

STATE INDUSTRIAL HOME FOR WOMEN
Total ______________________________________

55,805

55,805

83

C lo th in g _______ _______________________
Aprons
_
_ _____________
______________
Coats, work
__
Dresses_______ _________________________
Handkerchiefs
_
___________ _
Pajamas and nightgowns_______________
Shirts, dress
______
____________
Shirts, work_ _____ _____ _______ _
Miscellaneous _ ........... ................... ._
_ _ _
Farm: Dairy _ _____ ___ __
Beef, dressed __ _____
__
__ _ _
Cattle ___
_ _________
____
M ilk, whole
______
_______ __
Farm: Field crops and garden......................
Miscellaneous __________ _______
Farm: Poultry and poultry products ___ _
Eggs__ ___________________________ _ __
Poultry, dressed
Poultry, live______ ____ ________________

34

See footnotes at end of table.




14
Pounds.
Head
Pounds.

14
38
72
250
153
769
1,778
0

72
505
66
150
1, 682
8,054
15, 242
844

14
38
72
250
153
769
1, 778
0

72
505
66
150
1, 682
8,054
15,242
844

3,335
34
296,334

Dozen
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen

597
640
10,372

3,335
34
296,334

597
640
10,372

11
5
Dozen _
Pounds.
Head___

0

6,416

0

6,416

8,756
6,695
1,793

1,988
1,172
1,033

8,756
6,695
1,793

1,988
1,172
1,033

'

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Pillowcases
Towels _
M iscellaneous

Tons___

45
20
2
30
(2
)

222

T able A . — K in d , qu antity , and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , by State, system , and institution —Continued
P E N N S Y LV A N IA —Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

Quantity

Value

STATE INDUSTRIAL HOME FOR WOMEN—COn.
Textile products............................................
Flags, danger. ........................................... "Ranh
Pillowcases...... .......................................... Dozen
Sheets................ ............................. ........... Dozen
Ticks, mattress.......................................... Each
Ticks, pillow._____ __________________ Each
Miscellaneous________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits Cases...
and vegetables.

9

10

18,236
35
15
176
189
0)
2,754

$1,168
89
115
264
50
510
4,776

18,236
35
15
176
189
0)
2,754

$1,168
89
115
264
50
510
4,776

R H O D E IS L A N D
ALL INSTITUTIONS
Total......... ............................................... ........
Clay, cement, and stone products________ _
Concrete posts.____ _ ______________ _
Curbstones ________________________ .
Miscellaneous_________________________
Clothing_________________________________
Cnats, work
pajamas and nightgowns
Pants, work
Shirts, work
Shoes repaired________________________
M isop.llanoons
Farm: Dairy
___________________ ______
Cattle
_________________________ .
Milk, whole ____ ____ _____________
Farm: Field crops and garden____________ _
Ensilage
_ _ _ _ ______ _______ _
Hay
Potatoas
_ .
Miscellaneous..... ......................................




Each. _
Each . . .
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs___

127

21

5
Pounds.
Tons _
Tons
Bushels.

4

327
735
(9
38
18
136
112
1,348

245
2,205
175

$38

$70,481

$70, 519

8

327
735

245
2,205
175

38
18
136
112
1,348

0)

(9

856
108
1,892
404
674
1,609

(9

856
108
1,892
404
674
1,609

(9
42,581

1,088
1,585

(9
42,581

1,050
1,585

200
27
2,050

1,400
440
1,845
1,458

200
27
2,050

1,400
440
1,845
1,458

(9

(9

0)

38

_________

PRISON LABOR IN THE' UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

See footnotes at end of table.




Each.
Each.

2
13,750

Pounds.
Each_
_

13, 750

1,376

143
50
3,668
330
309

57

143
50
3,668
330
309

2

(9

Each.
Each.

1,376

57

7

2
11
15
17
8

29

(9

67,600
183,710

(9
58
117

Each..
Dozen
27

14

(9

(9
<9

327
735

Each..
Each..
21

260
490
1, 529
21, 315

14

(9
29

(9

67, 600
183, 710

(9
58
117

(9
(9

49,204

100

DozenDozen..
DozenDozen..
Pairs ...

354
765
2,028
14, 777
7,141

2

(9

<9
38
18
136
112
1,348

(9

245
2,205
175
856
108
1,892
404
674
1,609

354
765
2,028
14, 777
7,141
260
490
1, 529
21, 315
49,166

327
735

245
2,205
175

38
18
136
112
1, 348

38

856
108
1,892
404
674
1,609

(9

(9

Pounds.

(9

42,581

1,088
1,585

(9

42,581

1,050
1,585

Tons_
_
Tons_
_
Bushels.

200
27
2,050

200
27
2,050

(9

1,400
440
1,845
1,458

(9

1,400
440
1,845
1,458

Pounds.

13, 750

1,376

13, 750

1,376

57
2

143
50
3,668
330
309

57

143
50
3,668
330
309

Each..
Each..
Each.

(9
(9

14

2

(9
(9

14

<9

38

223

Clay, cement, and stone products.
Concrete posts______________
Curbstones_________________
Miscellaneous______________
Clothing_______________________
Coats, work-----------------------Pajamas and nightgowns____
Pants, work________________
Shirts, work________________
Shoes repaired______________
Miscellaneous______________
Farm: Dairy___________ ________
Cattle_____________________
Milk, whole________________
Farm: Field crops and garden___
Ensilage___________________
Hay----------------------------------Potatoes___________________
Miscellaneous______________
Farm: Hogs____________________
Pork, dressed_______________
Furniture: Wood_______________
Chairs_____________________
Desks______________________
Repairs_____
Tables______
Miscellaneous.

Pounds.

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Hogs.....................................................
Pork, dressed________ ________________
Furniture: Wood......... .............. .......... .........
Chairs_______________________ _______
Desks_______________________________
Repairs______________________________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Miscellaneous. _______________________
Laundry, commercial_____________________
Metal products: Auto license tags__________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Textile products____________________ _____
Flags________________________________
Mopheads___________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing): Labor
only.
. STATE PRISON
Total.

a b le

A.— K in d ,

224

T

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

R H O D E IS L A N D -C o n tin u e d

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

state prison—continued

Furniture: Other than metal or wood.
Mattresses____________________
Miscellaneous___________ ____
Laundry, commercial______________
Metal products: Auto license tags___
Printing and binding: MiscellaneousTextile products___________________
Flags_________________________
Mopheads___ _____ ___________
Miscellaneous._______ _________

2

Pounds _
Each___
Each..
Dozen.

11
15
17
8

REFORMATORY FOR MEN
Total____________________________________

27

$354
765
2,028
14,777
7,141

58
117

260
490
1,529

0)

21, 315

27

Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing): Labor
only.

29
(0
67,600
183,710
(0

0)

Each.

29
0)
67,600
183,710
0)

$354
765
2,028
14, 777
7,141

58
117

260
490
1,529

0)

21,315

21, 315
21, 315

0)

SOU TH C A R O LIN A
STATE PENITENTIARY
Total.......................... .......... .......... ...............
Clothing........ ............ ........................... . . . .
Pants, work_______ _______________
Shirts,work______ . . . _______ _______
Underwear, men’sand boys’ _________
Farm: Cattle _. __
_ ___
Beef, dressed _
________ _
............... .........
Farm: Dairy
Butter.
_ ___
___
Milk, whole _
.
Farm: Field crops and garden____________
Com, field____________ _________ _____




$393,586

505
Dozen
Dozen.
Dozen.
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.

101

6
6
219

Bushels-

$138,116

$239,139

$16, 331
291
3,397
37, 710

291
3,397
37, 710

2, 523
15,689
42, 791

90,000

5,400

90,000

5, 400

1,000
313,900

310
6,205

1,000
313,900

310
6,205

24. 795

M8. 522

24. 795

18. 522

2, 523
15,689
42, 791

[PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
numher of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Bales....
Tons_
_
Bushels.
Pounds.
Each..
Each..
Each..
Each..
Each..
Each..

7
"139'

27

5,000
3,745
20,015

500
4,993
0

100,000

6,000

100,000

6,000

15,820
7, 709
7,368
698

33. 623
61, 605
81. 522
1,386

717,954
26,167
0

44, 860
27,335
724

*

5,000
3, 745
20, 015

500
4,993
0

717,954
26,167
0

44, 860
27, 335
724

i

1

1

SOUTH DAKOTA

See footnotes at end of table.




$67, 740

$241.472
Dozen.
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen..
Pairs...

15
10
658
40
34
10
39
67
4,836
0

18
60
79
70
215
24
299
436
2,757
2

Each___

15
10
658
40
34
10
39
67
4,836
0
1

18
60
79
70
215
24
299
436
2,757
2
50,000

Pounds
Pounds.

973, 700
170,063

55,830
21,088

Pounds..

272,696
0
0

24,075
17,891
345

33,171
0

5,039
1, 590

Pounds.

473,540
0

9,412
2, 097

473, 540
0)

9,412
2,063

Bushels.
Tons_
_
Tons_
_

10,000
810
300
0
9,600
3,915
0)

5,000
4,860
1,900
27
2,880
2,181
4, 582

10,000
810
300

5, 000
4, 860
1,900

9,600
3,865
0

2,880
2,126
4,379

$123. 732

$50,000

Bushels.
Bushels.

50,000
973, 700
170, 063

55,830
21,088

239, 525
0
0

19,036
16,301
345

0

34

0

27

0

55
203

225

STATE PENITENTIARY
Total. .............................................
Clothing—. ....................................
Aprons_____________________
Coats, work________________
Handkerchiefs______________
Hats and caps______________
Overalls____________________
Pajamas and nightgowns____
Pants, work________________
Shirts, work________________
Shoes repaired______________
Miscellaneous_______________
Construction: Buildings________
Cordage_______________________
Binder twine_______________
Rope______________________
Farm: Cattle__________________
Beef, dressed_______________
Cattle______________________
Miscellaneous______________
Farm: Dairy___________________
Milk, whole________________
Miscellaneous______________
Farm: Field crops and garden___
Corn, field_________________
Ensilage___________________
Hay_______________________
Labor only_________________
Oats_______________________
Potatoes___________________
Miscellaneous______________

33,623
61,605
81,522
1,386

15,820
7, 709
7,368
698

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Cotton________________
Hay----------------------------Wheat_____ ____ _______
Miscellaneous__________
Farm: Hogs_______________
Pork, dressed__________
Furniture: Wood__________
Chairs_________________
Chairs, upholstered_____
Davenports, sofas, etc___
Ottomans and footstools..
Metal products.....................
Auto license tags_______
Highway markers______
Repairs (to signs)_______

T able

A.— K in d ,

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued

to

to

O

S O U TH D A K O T A -C o n tin u e d

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

STATE PENITENTIARY—Continued
Farm: Hogs______ _____ ______ ___________
Hogs— ________ _____________________
Pork, dressed_______________________ _
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs._ ________ _____ ________________
Poultry, dressed ________ ___________
Metal products: Auto license tags_________
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushedTextile products
___
_ ______________
Pillowcases________________ __________
Sheets
__________________ _____
Towels_________________ ________
Miscellaneous_____ _____________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

2
Pounds.
Dozen
Pounds.
Each___
Tons___
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen, __

3
12
1
6

5

0)
140,384

$4,273
8,412

0)
34,059

$584
2,739

0)
106,325

$3,689
5,673

7,209
7,848
485,183
309

1,013
1,144
18, 674
155

4,377
2,697
485,183

672
449
18,674

2,832
5,151

341
695

309

155

57
104
145

90
397
94
333
759

57
104
145

90
397
94
73
759

(0
0)

0)
0)

0)

260

TENNESSEE
ALL INSTITU
TION
S

1,871

Total
Clothing, other than knit........
Aprons............. —......... ........
Coats, work_____ ____ ____
Dresses______ ____ ________
Hats and caps------------ -----Overalls_______ ____ ______
Pants, work_______________
Shirts, work.............. ...........
Shoes, new________________
Suits_____________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ .
Uniforms______________ —




Dozen.
Dozen.
E achDozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Pairs—
E achDozenEach..

$1,124,486
78
147
290
78
1,048
907
1,309
15,805
1,670
178
22

156
2,434
580
140
14,457
11,860
10,949
34,648
11,916
336
495

$836,685
78
147
290
78
1,048
907
1,309
15,805
1,670
178
22

156
2,434
580
140
14,457
11,860
10,949
34,648
11,916
336
495

$282, 219

$5, 582

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE' UNITED .STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value




3,251
3, 251
4,152
3,090
_ __454
._
454
120,000
76
(0
619
162,219
Construction: Major repairs to roads
0)
30
3,758
32,414
32,414
11,608
11,608
2,902
75
1,875
75
904,615
904,615
26,365
2, 275 • 0)
0)
402
7,633
4,580
7,633
28,175
40, 292
40,292
433
22,669
433
203
5,582
1, 320
1,320
8, 520
4, 520
4, 520
46, 780
1,133
2,832
2,832
19,437
18,487
18,487
36,724
0)
(0
6
521
7,544
521
83,187
8,319
83,187
6
20
20
121
4, 520
158
158
166
166
3,532
60
9,254
9,254
59,581
603
603
603
169
(0
0)
47

4,152
3,090
(0
0)
3, 758
2,902
1,875
26,365
2, 275
4, 580
28,175
22,669
8, 520
46, 780
1,133
19,437
36,724
7,544
8, 319
121
4, 520
3,532
59, 581
603
169

991,678
18,379

44,626
6,358

991,678
18, 379

44,626
6,358

(0
0)
72,838
23, 741
121,150

2,068
7,350
85,559
39, 552
90,000

0)
(0
72,838
23, 741
121,150

2,068
7, 350
85,559
39, 552
90,000

486,003
1,818
0)

36,812
1,122
1,433

486,003
1,818
0)

115

253, 656
20, 774
53.129

32,044
13,407
10,126

253, 656
20, 774
53,129

32,044
13,407
10,126

203

5,582

36, 812
1,122
1,433

8
297
18
120
15

120,000
162,219

227

See footnotes at end of table.

9

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clothing, knit........ ......... ............................ .
Hosiery
__________ Doz. pr.
UnderwearDozen...
__
Construction: Buildings
_______
______
Farm: Dairy
’
*
_________
Beef, dressed
________ Pounds.
______________ Pounds.
Butter
Head
Cattle
.
__ _________
Milk, whole
________ _ Pounds.
Miscellaneous
______
Farm: Field crops and garden
_______ _
B arley___ T
_____ .'l_______________ . . . Bushels.
Corn, field_________ _________________ Bushels .
Cotton_______________________________ Bales_
_
Cottonseed_________ _ _ _ _ __
Tons
Ensilage_____________ ______________ _ Tons___
Hay______________________ ______ ____ Tons. ..
Oats__________________ . ___________ Bushels.
Potatoes_____ ___________ _____ _____ . Bushels.
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Hogs____________ ____ ___________ ____ Head. .
Pork, dressed_________________________ Pounds.
Furniture: Metal_________________________
Beds____________________ ___________ Each___
Filing cases_________ ____________ _ Each
Tables___ __________________________ _ Each
Furniture: Other than metal or w o o d .____
Mattresses__________________ _____
Each
Pillows______ ______________________
Each
Repairs_______________ _______
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags______ _______________ Each___
Highway markers____________________ Each___
Metal products: Miscellaneous_____________
R epairs....... . _ ____________________
Miscellaneous. _______ _________________
Mining: Coal_____________ _____ __________ Tons___
_________ .
_ ...
____ Gallons.
Paint____
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed. Tons___
Soap and other detergents_________________
Soap_____________________ __________ Pounds .
Soap, liqu id _____________________ . _. Gallons.
Miscellaneous_________________________
Textiles__________ ____________ _____ ____
Sq. yd
_____ _ __
Cotton yard goods, light
Wool yard goods____________ __________ Sq. yd._
Yarn, cotton__________________ _______ Pounds.

228

T able A .— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prison s, 1940 , by State, system , anc? institution— Continued
TENNESSEE—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

all institutions—continued

Textile products____ _____________________
Bags, cloth_________ ________________
Bags! tobacco________ ______ _________
Pillowcases__________________ _______
Sheets
............... ......... . . ...................
Towels
___ _.
Miscellaneous____________
_____
Other manufactured products
Canned fruits and vegetables _______
Insecticides, disinfectants, and related
chemical compounds.
Do_______________________________
Tobacco, smoking and chew ing_______
STATE PENITENTIARY
-

Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Cases
Gallons.

2

Pounds.
Pounds.

________

95

67
10,333
137
127
428
0)

$380
217
271
683
835
18

28,699
6,960

53,240
6,323

28,699
6,960

53, 240
6,323

2,903
16,563

34, 782
43,064

2,903
16, 563

Total - -

Suits
U nderw ear, m e n ’s and b o y s ’

Uniforms

_ ______

__________

Dozen...
Dozen...
Each___
Dozen. _.
Dozen. __
Dozen.. _
Dozen...
Pairs___
E a ch __
Dozen. _
Each___

C loth in g, knit

Hosiery

_

_____ _ Doz. pr.
Dozen...

U nderw ear
_ _____
C on stru ction : 1VTajop repairs t o roads
F a rm : D a iry
___

Beef, dressed_________________________




Pounds.

9

228
16

590, 754

661,890

939

Clothing, nther than knit
Aprons
- _ _______
Coats, w o rk ______ _______ ____ ______
Dresses _______ ______________________
Hats and caps_________________ _______
Overalls
_________________________
Pants, work ________________________
Shirts, work __ _____________ ______
Shoes, new
________ __ __ . ..

$380
217
271
683
835
18

34, 782
43,064

56

67
10,333
137
127
428
(0

78
147
290
78
1,048
907
1,309
15,805
1,670
178
22

156
2,434
580
140
14,457
11,860
10,949
34,648
11,916
336
495

78
147
290
78
1,048
907
1, 309
15,805
1,670
178
22

156
2,434
580
140
14,457
11,860
10,949
34, 648
11,916
336
495

3,251
454

4,152
3,090
71,136

3,251
454

4,152
3,090

3, 758

32,414

3,758

$71,136

0)

32,414

(0

71,136

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Pounds.
_
Head_
Pounds.

11,608
75
573,259
0)

2,902
1,875
16, 664
2,275

11,608
75
573,259
(0

2,902
1,875
16, 664
2,275

Bushels.
Bushels .
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels .

7,633
20,000
1,020
990
2,832
0)

4, 580
16,000
6,120
10,480
1,133
26,076

7,633
20,000
1, 020
990
2,832
0)

4.580
16,000
6,120
10,480
1,133
26, 076

Head_
_
Pounds.

271
35,042

3, 794
3, 504

271
35,042

3,794
3, 504

Each.
Each.
Each.

20
158
166

121
4, 520
3, 532

20
158
166

121
4, 520
3, 532

Each.
Each.

9,254
603
0)

59, 581
603
169

9,254
603
0)

59, 581
603
169

Each.
Each.

991,678
18,379

44, 626
6, 358

991,678
18, 379

44, 626
6, 358

Gallons.
Tons___

0)
0)
23, 741
121,150

2,068
7, 350
39, 552
90,000

0)
0)
23,741
121,150

2,068
7, 350
39, 552
90,000

Pounds.
Gallons.

486,003
1,818
0)

36,812
1,122
1,433

486,003
1,818
0)

36,812
1,122
1,433

Sq. y d ..
Sq. yd._
Pounds.

253,656
20,774
53,129

32, 044
13,407
10,126

253,656
20, 774
53,129

32,044
13,407
10,126

67
10,333
137
127
428
0)

380
217
271
683
835
18

67
10,333
137
127
428
(0

380
217
271
683
835
18

Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.

APPEN DIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Butter__________________ ____________
Cattle_______________________________
Milk, whole__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Barley_______________________________
Corn, field___________________________
Ensilage_____________________________
Hay-------------------------------------------------Oats_________________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Hogs_________________________________
Pork, dressed_________________________
Furniture: Metal_________________________
Beds_________________________________
Cases, filing__________________________
Tables_______________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Pillows______________________________
Repairs______________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers,
and signs.
Auto license taxs______________________
Highway markers_____________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Repairs______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Paint___________________________________
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, crushed.
Soap and other detergents_________________
Soap_________________________________
Soap, liquid__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Textiles_________________________________
Cotton yard goods, light_____ _________
Wool yard goods______________________
Yarn, cotton_________________________
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth__________________ _________
Bags, tobacco_________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
See footnotes at end o f table.

229




T able A .— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons , 1940 , fry State, system , and institution — Continued

to
CO

o

TENNESSEE— C ontinued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

STATE PENITENTIARY—continued
Other manufactured products______________
Canned fruits and vegetables ___ _. __
Cases
Insecticides, disinfectants, and related Gallons.
chemical compounds.
D o_____
____________________
PoundsTobacco, smoking and chewing________ Pounds.
BRUSHY M
OUNTAIN PENITENTIARY
Total__________ ______ ________ ________
Construction: Major repairs to roads______
_______________
Farm: Dairy___________
Milk, whole_______ __ _______ _______
Farm: Field crops and garden____________
Hay________ ____ __________________
Potatoes____ ________________________
Miscellaneous___________ ____ _______
Mining: Coal___________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.
T otal

41

8,529
6,960

$14,763
6,323

8,529
6,960

$14, 763
6,323

34,782
43,064

2,903
16,563

34,782
43,064

2,903
16,563

215,258

584
191
Pounds.
Tons
Bushels.
Tons___
Cases...

6

0)

$59, 783

155,475

59,783

(9

73,356

2,201

73, 356

3,030
13,000
0)
72,838
9,582

30,300
13,950
8,390
85, 559
15,075

3,030
13,000
0)
72,838
9,582

30,300
13,950
8,390
85, 559
15,075

348 _________
76
(9
100
(9
8
258,000
150
20,292
433
203
300
500
5,487

247,338

85

297
5

FORT PILLOW STATE FARM

Construction: Buildings

______________

C on struction: M a jo r repairs to roads

Farm: Dairy________

________________

M ilk , w hole
Farm : Field crops and garden

Corn, field____ __ _________________
C otton .
_ ......... ..
C ottonseed........... .
Ensilage_____________________________
Hay
.
Potatoes__ ______________ ____ ____
Miscellaneous________________________




Pounds.
Bushels.
Bales _
T ons_
_
Tons.. _
Tons.
Bushels.

59,783

2,201

(9

151,300

90,456

120, Q
00
31,300

(9
(9

7,500

258,000
20, 292
433

12,175
22,669

300
500
5,487
(9

2,400
6,000
5,487
2, 258

$5,582

7,500

12,175
22,669
5,582
2,400
6.000
5,487
2,258

__________

120,000
31,300

203

5,582

_______

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Farm: Hogs_____________________________
Hogs------------------------------------------------- Head-...
Pork, dressed_________________________ Pounds.
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits Cases...
and vegetables.___________________ _

250
48,145
10,558

3,750
4,815
23,402

250
48,145
10,558

3,750
4,815
23.402

TEXAS

STATE PRISON SYSTEM




M _____
Each....
Squares.
Dozen...
Dozen...
Doz.pr.
Dozen..
Dozen...
Dozen...
Dozen...
D6zen__.
Pairs__
Each__
D ozenEach___
Head_
_
Pounds.
Pounds.
Bushels.
Bales....
Tons__
Tons_
_
Tons__
Bushels.
Pounds.
_
Tons_
H ead....
Dozen..
Pounds.

113

194
21
15
97
3,045

0)

324

14,025
2,916

1,710
41,280
768
0)

28,461
2, 250
11,360
1,676

1,710
41,280
768
0)

28,461
2,250
11,360
1,676

118
474
386
1,061
324
57
2,696
2,492
40,445
2,615
3,054
0)
14
0)
839

447
6,608
463
2,828
3,227
402
21,426
18,376
87,163
12,871
10,166
54
384.414
12,704
29,869

118
474
386
1,061
324
57
2,696
2,492
40,445
2,615
3,054
0)

447
6,608
463
2,828
3,227
402
21,426
18,376
87,163
12,871
10,166
54

141,355
5,017,.085

42,407
233,345

141,355
5,017,085

42,407
233,345

295,703
13,277
5,710
25,060
3,007
30,471
811,476
6,270
0)
3,494

177,422
619,271
171,300
250,600
45,105
30,471
24,344
21,945
34,417
52,983

295,703
911
5,710
25,060
3,007
30,471
811,476
6,270
0)
3,494

177,422
42,290
171,300
250,600
45,105
30,471
24,344
21,945
34,417
52,983

39,989

9,997
2,450

39,989
11,000

9,997
2,450

1 ,0 0
10

839

29,8

0)

384,414
12, 704

12,366

576,981

231

See footnotes at end o f table.

Dozen...

14,025
2,916

$579, 378

$397,118

$2,169, 229

W
324

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Agricultural implements and parts______
Brooms, brushes, and mops: Brooms____
Clay, cement, and stone products_______
Brick_____________________________
Building tile_______________________
Roofing tile________________________
Miscellaneous______________________
Clothing______________________________
Aprons____________________________
Coats, work________________________
Gloves and mittens_________________
Hats and caps______________________
Overalls_____ _____________________
Pajamas and nightgowns____________
Pants, work_______________________
Shirts, work_______________________
Shoes, new_________________________
Suits______________________________
Underwear, men's and boys'________
Miscellaneous______________________
Construction: Buildings________________
Construction: Major repairs to buildings..
Farm: Cattle__________________________
Farm: Dairy__________________________
Butter____________________________
Milk, whole_______________________
Farm: Field crops and garden___________
Corn, field_________________________
Cotton____________________________
Cottonseed________________________
Ensilage______ ____________________
Hay_______________________________
Potatoes___________________________
Rice______________________________
Sugarcane_________________________
Miscellaneous______________________
Farm: Hogs___________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products____
Eggs---------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed___________________

$3,145,725

4,138

Total.

232

T a b l e A.— K in d , quantity , and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s , 1 9 4 0 , ty State, system , and institution — Continued
•

Unit

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

state prison system—Continued

Farm: Miscellaneous
Livestock
....
......
Furniture: Metal
. . .
....
.......... .
Beds
Miscellaneous
Furniture: W ood_________________________
Miscellaneous
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses
Pillows
_
Grain-mill products_______________________
Corn meal_____________ ___ _________
Feed, stock __________ ______________
Miscellaneous.______ __________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags____________ _______ __
Tags, miscellaneous____________ _______
Metal products: Miscellaneous_________ _
Cans, t i n . . . ________________________ _
Machinery....................... ......... ............
Repairs.._______ ____________________
Tinware_____________________________
Miscellaneous______ ____ _____________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Soap and other detergents: Soap___________
Sugar___________________________ ________
Cane syrup______________
_________
Sugar__ _____ ________________________
Textiles_________________________________
Cotton yard goods, light_______________
Duck and canvas ________ __________
Miscellaneous_______ ______ __________
Textile products ______ ______ _____ _______
Bags, cloth. ________ _____ ____________
Covers, cushion______________________




Head_
_

3

75

23

Barrels.
Tons___

5
9

48
Each...
Each___
Each..

Pounds.
Gallons.
Pounds.
Sq. yd ._
Sq. yd__
Dozen.
Each___

$600

143

24
2
68
24

12

0)
0)
0)

3,799

0)

3,799

1,801
2,041

6,028
936

1,801
2,041

6,028
936

1, 556
98
0)

6,223
2,959
3,256

1,556
98
0)

6, 223
2,959
3,256

3,735,700
15,000

7
Each
Each __

75

$600
6,232
4,902

140,088
273

3,735,700
15,000

140,088
273

141,471
0)
(0
0)
0)
0)
240,100

7,292
12,212
26, 562
6,007
13,502
14, 695
14, 577

141,471
0)
0)
0)
0)
0)
240,100

7, 292
12,212
26, 562
6,007
13, 502
14, 695
14,577

90,000
257,000

36,000
8,995

90,000
257,000

36,000
8,995

14,386
20,620
0)

647
2,292
52

14,386
20, 620
0)

647
2,292
52

1, 353
3,312

5,334
498

1,353
3, 312

5, 334
498

8

6,232
4,902

*

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

TEXAS— C ontinued

408102

DozenDozen..
DozenDozen..

231
995
1,271
2,013
0)

Pounds.
Each_
_
Cases...

94

Each_.
Pounds.
Pounds _
Pounds.

231
995
1,271
2,013
0)

1,699
1,790
7,837
3,662
230

1,134,527
0)
0)

26, 775
12,077
858

1,134,527
0)
0)

26, 775
12,077
858

306,371
35,753
58,295
295
2,028,150
0)
0)
266,118
0)
1, 339
1,994,828

B d.ft.

1,699
1,790
7,837
3,662
230

37,685
2,265
78,001
400
7,658
6,850
2,397
25,283
2,154
214236,166

306, 371
35,753
58,295
295
2,028,150
0)

37,685
2,265
78,001
400
7,658
6,850

266,118
0)
1, 339
1, 994,828

25,283
2,154
214
236,166

$2,397

0)

UTAH
STATE PRISON
Total ..............................................................




135
Dozen...
Dozen...
Pairs_
_
Each___
Head_
_
Head_
_
Pounds.
Tons___
Tons___
Head_
_
Dozen _
Each___
Each___
Cases__
Each___

10

$54,051

$89, 912
1,632
672
576
30,000
3,830
660

170
112
1,440

1,632
672
576

11

660

18
184,500

51
6
1
4

170
112
1,440
5
0)
11

1,125
3,690

18
184,500

1,125
3,690

264
235

235

130

1,056
2,350
8,780
1,950

2,350
8,780
1,950

800

160

800

160

182,424
3,030
0)

23, 238
4,791
300

182,424
2,689
0)

23,238
4,316
300

1,965
1,000

4,602
500

1,965

4,602

25

2
1
28
2
5

$2,031

$33, 830

0)

(0

130

0)

5 . . . 30,000
3,830

264

1,056

341

475

1,666

1
500 _________

233

Clothing_____________ ______ ______ _______
Pants, work_ _______ ________________
_
Shirts, work___ ______ _____ ______ ____
Shoes repaired
_____________________
Construction: Buildings........................ .........
Construction: Miscellaneous__________ ____
Farm: Cattle_____ __________ ____________
Farm: Dairy............ ......................................
Cattle_ ______ ______________________
_
Milk, whole... ______ ____ ____________
Farm: Field crops and garden.......... ..............
Beets, sugar__________________________
Hay............................................................
Miscellaneous. ______ ____ ____________
Farm: Hogs________________ _______ ______
Farm: Poultry and poultry products..... ........
Eggs___________ _____ _ _ ___________
Metal products _________ ____ ________
Auto license tags________________ _____
Highway markers. ._ ______ ____ _____
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Other manufactured products______ _______
Caimed fruits and vegetables___________
Toys------------------------------------------------See footnotes at end o f table.

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Mopheads______ ____ _______
Pillowcases_________________
Sheets_____________________
Towels_____________________
Miscellaneous______________
Wood products_________________
Lumber___________________ _
Millwork_________ ____ ____
Miscellaneous_______________
Other manufactured products____
Beef, dressed_______________
Boxes, paper_______________
Canned fruits and vegetables..
Cement____________________
Envelopes_________ _________
os
Harness__________ _______ _
Hides____________________
Lard____________________ _
Leather articles, miscellaneous.
Mutton_______ ____ ________
Pork, dressed___ ____ _______

234

T a b l e A.— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prison s, 1940 , by State, system , and institution — Continued
VERMONT

Unit

ALL IN
STITU
TION
S
Total________________________ _________
Clothing, other than knit_________________
Coats, work__________________________ Dozen
Dresses____ __________________________ Each___
Hats and caps________________________ Dozen. __
Overalls______________________________ Dozen...
Overcoats____________________________ Each...
Pants, work__________________________ Dozen...
Shirts, work___ ____________________ Dozen...
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ___________ Dozen...
Miscellaneous___________________ ___
Clothing, knit______ ____________________
Hosiery_______________________ ______ Doz. pr.
___________________________ Dozen. _
Underwear
Farm: Cattle_____________________________
Beef, dressed_________________________ Pounds.
Cattle_______________ __________ ____ Head_
_
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Dairy._____ ______________________
Butter_____ _____ ____________________ Pounds.
Cream______________ ________________ Pounds.
Milk, skimmed_______________________ Pounds .
Milk, whole__________________________ Pounds.
Farm: Fiqjd crops and garden______________
Corn, field_________________________ _ Bushels.
Ensilage_____________________________ Tons___
Hay___ _____ ________________________ Tons___
___ ____ ____________________
Bushels.
Miscellaneous. ______ _______________
Farm: Hogs_______________ ____ ______ ___
Pork, dressed_____________ ___________ Pounds.

See footnotes at end of table.




140

7

11

51

1

29
97
14
48
6
59
44
4

352
75
59
580
18
766
524
24
492

209
7

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

$114,271

lT

1

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

$97,092
29
97
14
48
6
59
44
4
209
7

4,246
3,946
9

38,600
28

4,246
3,460

7,868
1,925
302,325
549,550

2,363
770
1, 512
14,178

7,868
1,925
302,325
549,550

2,363
770
1,512
14,178

294
800
686
6,400
0)

221
294
4,000
800
7,272
555
4,817
Potatoes 6,367
5,707
0)

221
4,000
5,666
4, 792
5,707

35,55l

4, 111

4, i i i

$17,179

226
42

38,600
39
0)

Value

352
75
59
580
18
766
521
24
492

226
42

Piece price

0)

0)

11

486
9

131
33

1,606
25

0)

35,551

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE’ UNITED STATE'S, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Dozen. __
Pounds.
Head_
_
Each—




2, 577
2,608
1,050

10,308
9,605
700

2,577
2,608
1,050

98

471
450
60
6,616

98
0

471
450
60
416

0)
16
6

0)

8

1

Doz. pr.
Dozen.._
Pounds.
Head_
_
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.

0
221,370
6,945
30

11,677
8,792
46

58.500
63.500
0

88
127
2,518

58, 500
63,500
0)

21
33

50
163
10
14, 580
5,757

21
33

13
7

0)
810,000
0)

7

11

0
336,000
0

29
97
14
48
6
59
44
4

352
75
59
580
18
766
524
24
492

209
7

226
42

38,600
39
0
7,868
1,925
302, 325
549, 550

0

50
163
10
6,048
5, 757.

1,713

321

474,000

8, 532

96,676

107, 655

11

1

6,200

0

88
127
2,518

124
Dozen. _
Each __
Dozen.
Dozen..
Each..
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen...

6

11,677
8,792
367

Dozen
Dozen...
Bd.ft.-_

6

221,370
6,945
1,743

Each___
Each...
Each___
Each.
Each..

10,308
9,605
700

29
97
14
48
6
59
44
4

10,979

352
75
59
580
18
766
524
24
492

(1)
209
7

226
42

4, 246
3,946
9

38,600
28

4,246
3,460

2,363
770
1, 512
14,178

7,868
1, 925
302, 325
549, 550

11
0

2,363
770
1, 512
14,178

486
9

235

See footnotes at end of table.

5

Each___

STATE PRISONAND HOUSE OFCORRECTIONFOR
M
EN
Total........................... ..................................
Clothing, other than knit __
Coats, work____ _____________ _ _ .
Dresses________ _____________ ___ . _
Hats and caps___________ _ ___
Overalls_________________________ _
Overcoats______ _________________ __
Pants, work______ _____ ______ ______
Shirts, work __ __ _ __ _________ 1___
Underwear, men’s and boys’___________
Miscellaneous.. _ . . . . __________ ._
Clothing, knit. _ . . .
...
___
Hosiery______________ _____________ _
Underwear_____________ . . . _______ .
Farm: Cattle_ _ _ _ . _______ ___ _ _
_
Beef, dressed___. . . _______ L____ .
Cattle__________ _ _ .. . __________
Hides__________
_______ _________
Farm: Dairy._ _
Butter__________________ _____ _______
Cream_________ ____________ _____
Milk, skimmed________________ _______
Milk, whole_______ ____ ________ ______

2

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Poultry and poultry products______
Eggs_________ !_
Poultry, dressed___
Poultry’ live_________________________
Furniture: Wood—
Chairs________
Repairs_______
Tables_______________ _ _ _________
Laundry,commercial______
...
__
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags................................ . . .
Highway markers ______
.. _ _____
Signs...". ___________________ _____
Printing and binding __
...
______
Envelopes ___T____________ ___ _ ___
Letterheads________________________ __
Miscellaneous___________ _ ________ _
Textile products
Pillowcases____________
__ _
Sheets______________ _ ______________
Miscellaneous________ ______ _______
Wood products: Lumber, rough.
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

A.—K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced

in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , fey State, system , and institution —Continued

236

T able

V E R M O N T —Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

STATE PEISON AND HOUSE OF CORRECTION FOR
men—continued
Farm: Field crops and garden.. ............... ......
Corn, field_____ _____ _________________
Ensilage_________________ _
Hay........................................ . _ _ . . .
_______________________ ______
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs.______________ _________ .. .
Pork, dressed___
Farm: Poultry and poultry products.______
E g g s____________________ . . . ______
Poultry, dressed_____________________
Poultry, live___________________ ______
Furniture: Wood........... ........... .............. ........
Chairs_______________________________
Repairs_____________________________ _
Tables____ __________________ ________
Metal products........................... ......... ...........
Auto license tags_______
Highway markers.. _ ____ _ .
Signs.___________ __________
Printing and binding________ _. ________
Envelopes____________________ .
Letterheads_____________ _____________
Miscellaneous______________ ________
Textile products______ _____ _____________
Pillowcases..___________________ ______
Sheets_______________________________
Miscellaneous____
______
Wood products: Lumber, rough. __ ..
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.




Bushels.
Tons._
Tons__
Bushels.
Pounds.
Dozen
Pounds.
Head.—
Each—

51

Each..
Each___
Dozen...
Dozen...
Bd. f t ...

$221
4,000
5,666
4,792
5,707

35,551

4,111

35,551

4, 111

2,577
2,608
1,050

10,308
9,605
700

2,577
2,608
1,050

98

471
450
60

98

6

6

471
.......... 450
60

221,370
6,945
1,743

11,677
8,792
367

221, 370
6,945
30

11,677
8,792
46

58, 500
63, 500
0)

88
127
2,518

58, 500
63, 500
0

88
127
2,518

21
33
0)
810,000
0

50
163
10
14,580
5,757

21
33
0
336,000
0

50
163
10
6,048
5,757

5
W

Each___
Each .
Each _
Each—

$221
294
4,000
800
7,272
555
Potatoes 6,367
4,817
5,707
0

10,308
9,605
700

i
2

294
800
686
6,400
0

6

8

1

13

7

®

131
33

$1, 606
25

1, 713

321

474,000

8, 532

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE! UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

WOMEN’ S

reform atory

Total___________________________

16

Laundry, commercial____________

16

I

6,616
6,616

0)

416
0)

|

416

(9

6,200
6,200

V IR G IN IA
ALL INSTITUTIONS

Total____________________________________

See footnotes at end o f table.




3,460
Each___
M _____
Dozen
Each.
D ozen..
Doz. pr.
Dozen
Each
Dozen _
Each ..
Dozen _
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs_
_
Each
Each
Doz. pr.
Dozen. _

$754, 029

Pounds.
Head.
Pounds.

1, 561
9,648

5,544
965

589
6,726
10,467
2,058
3,989
12,563
675
5, 663
41,346
2,088
19, 546
58,415
18,457
2,078
572

157
515
381
626
795
3.193
39
1.194
2,462
44
2,435
28,948
2,000
89
(0

589
6, 726
10,467
2,058
3,989
12, 563
675
5, 663
41, 346
2,088
19, 546
58,415
18,457
2,078
572

7,079
3,497
0)

8,087
13,140
172, 223
1,000
316, 281
855, 572

7,079
3,497

8,087
13,140

3,033

344
2,952
30,106
210

3,033
123
995,130

344
2,952
30,106
210

9,180
71
75
844
1, 212
15,028
4,000

6,590
3,389
450
11,864
1,200
18, 290
4,000
39,803

9,180
71
75
844
1, 212
15,028
4,000

6, 590
3,389
450
11,864
1,200
18, 290
4,000
39,803

(9

(9
(9
(9

1 09

293

J$l, 345,076

1, 561
9, 648

995,130

37
146
5
576
1,666
31

Bushels.
Bales__
Tons
Tons
Bushels.
Bushels.
Bushels.

$2,180,105
5,544
965
157
515
381
626
795
3.193
39
1.194
2,462
44
2,435
28,948
2,000
89

3
18
124

(9

(9

(9
<
9
(9
(9

(9

(9

172, 223
1,000
316, 281
855, 572

$81,000

= = = = _________

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Brooms, brushes, and mops: Mops .
___
Clay, cement, and stone products: Brick
Clothing, other than knit____ ________ _ __.
Aprons________________ ______ ________
Coats, dress..____ ___________________
Coats) work_________________________
Gloves and mittens___________________
Hats and caps____________ _______ ..
Overcoats. .1_________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns______________
Pants, dress______ . ________ ________
Pants, work_____________ ______ ______
Shirts, dress
_____ _________
Shirts, work.
_________ ____________
Shoes, new__________ _______________
Suits_______________ ____________ ..
Uniforms. _ __________ _______ _______
Miscellaneous.___________ _ ______
Clothing, knit.. _____. . . _______________
Hosiery______ _______ _______ _
Underwear_____________ _________ _.
Construction: Buildings__________
. ...
Construction: Land development.. ______
Construction: Major repairs to roads ______
Construction: Roads_________________
Farm: Dairy___________ _ __________ _
Beef, dressed_________________ _____ __
Cattle____ _______ _____ ______________
Milk, w h ole____ ____________________
Miscellaneous________ ________________
Farm: Field crops and garden.. _________
Corn, field_____________________ _____ _
Cotton_______________________________
Ensilage. ______________ ____ _________
Hay_________________________________
Peanuts________ ________________ . . .
Potatoes_____________________________
Wheat_____________ _ __________ . . .
Miscellaneous.............................................

able

A.—K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced

in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , e m d institution —Continued

238

T

V IR G IN IA —Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

all institutions—continued




Head. _
Pounds.
Dozen _
Pounds.
Each
Each___
Each ..
Each___
Each___
Each __
Pieces __
Each __
Each
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each___
Each _
Each __

5
11
39

102

$2,080
7,520

260
64,618

$2,080
7,520

21,401
3,500

5,336
560

21,401
3,500

5,336
560

65
68
190
132
571
145
507
1,014

813
1, 660
997
858
15,109
913
6,845
2,867

65
68
190
132
571
145
507
1,014

813
1, 660
997
858
15,109
913
6,845
2,867

378
148

2,811
2,556
160
75
20,498
11,832
337
576
4,976
14,815

378
148

2,811
2,556
160
75
20,498
11,832
337
576
4,976
14,815

2

48
6,138
720
41
276
545
47

Each
Each___
Each___
Tons----

260
64,618

13
55
58

(9

1,103,398
3,422
157,000
(9
(9

90,000

55,256
6,383
10,277
9,346
48,133
81,000

2

48
6,138
720
41
276
545
(9

1,103,398
3,422
157,000
(9
(9

55, 256
6,383
10, 277
9,346
48,133

Quantity

Value

1940

Fafm: Hogs__....... ............ .............................
Hogs______________ ____ _____________
Pork, dressed______________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs______________ __________
Poultry, dressed ____________________
Furniture: Metal_________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc_______________
Cabinets.__________ _______
Card files______________ _________
Desks...........................................
Filing cases......... .......................................
Lockers.................. .........................
_ .
Shelving.............................................. _ _
Transfer cases............................................
Furniture: Wood_____
Benches_
_ ___
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc________
Cabinets________
Card files............
Chairs____ _____
Desks____ _____
Filing cases____________ ____ _________
Stools__________ ____
Tables....... .............. .
Miscellaneous____ .
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags____
_
____
Highway markers___
Tags, miscellaneous..
__ _
Metal products: Miscellaneous.
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous
Quarrying and rock crushing: Lime and
agricultural limestone.

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN THE! UNITED (STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

90,000

$81,000

Each..
Sq. yd
Sq. yd
Pounds.
Dozen.
Each__
D ozenDozen.—
Each___
Each___
Dozen...
Cases...

13,051
534,095
39, 684
103,178

27, 232
60,923
26,114
23, 742

13,051
534,095
39,684
103,178

27,232
60,923
26,114
23,742

108
1,524
0)
1,253
1,567
900
900
1,016
18,516

26
2,413
15
2,381
10,345
1,163
188
1,270
27,762

108
1, 524
(0
1,253
1,567
900
900
1,016
18,516

26
2,413
15
2,381
10,345
1,163
188
1,270
27,762

STATE INDUSTRIAL FARM FOR WOMEN

Farm: Dairy______________ ____ _
Milk, whole___________________
Farm: Field crops and garden— .......
Miscellaneous_________________
Farm: Hogs______________________
Pork, dressed_________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products.
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

12,789

12,789

Total.
Pounds.

100,797

3,024

100,797

3,024

(0

3,893

0)

3,893

Pounds.

32,920

4,115

32,920

4,115

Dozen.
Cases.. .

3,593
573

898
859

3,593
573

898
859

Each___

5,544

1, 561

5,544

1,561

Dozen..
E ach Dozen..
Doz. pr.
Dozen..
Each...
Dozen..
Each...
Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..
Pairs.
E ach-

157
515
381
626
795
3.193
39
1.194
2,462
44
2,435
28,948
2,000

589
6,726
10,467
2,058
3,989
12,563
675
5,663
41, 346
2,088
19,546
58,415
18,457

157
515
381
626
795
3.193
39
1.194
2,462
44
2,435
28,948
2,000

589
6,726
10,467
2,058
3,989
12,563
675
5, 663
41,346
2,088
19,546
58,415
18,457

STATE PENITENTIARY AND CONVICT ROAD
FORCE

Brooms, brushes, and mops: Mops.
Clothing, other than knit________
Aprons______________________
Coats, dress_________________
Coats, work_________________
Gloves and m ittens......... ........
Hats and caps_______________
Overcoats__________________ _
Pajamas and nightgowns-------Pants, dress_________________
Pants, work......... .................
Shirts, dress__________ ____ _
Shirts, work_________________
Shoes, new__________________
Suits________________________
See footnotes at end o f table.




602, 610

2,028,686

Total____________ ________________ _____ _

$1,345,076

81,000

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Textiles______ ____ ______________________
Blankets_____________________________
Cotton yard goods, light_______________
Wool yard goods______________________
Yarn, cotton_________________________
Textile products_____________ ____ ________
Bags, cloth___________________________
Covers, mattress______________________
Flags________________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Ticks, bed________ ___________________
Ticks, pillow-------------------------------------Towels_______________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

OO

CD

T

a

A.—K in d , qu an tity, and value o f articles produced
b
l
e

in State p riso n s , 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system ,

a

r

a

d

institution —Continued

to
O

V IR G IN IA —Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

STATE PENITENTIARY AND CON
VICT ROAD
force—continued




Each___
Doz. pr
Dozen

Pounds .
Pounds.
Bushels.
Bales
T o n s __
T o n s __
Bushels .
Bushels.
Pounds.
Dozen
Pounds.
Each___
Each..
Each___
Each
Each ..
Each ..
Pieces...

89
37
146
5
576
1,666
3

92

1
1
39

(9

$2,078
572

89
(9

$2,078
572
8,087
13,140

7,079
3,497
0)
0)
0)
0)

8,087
13,140
172,223
1,000
316,281
855, 572

7,079
3,497

1,000
51, 600
(9

100
1,800
210

1,000
51, 600
05

100
1,800
210

1,180
71
75
75
1,212
5,528
0)

590
3,389
450
900
1,200
7,290
910

1,180
71
75
75
1, 212
5, 528
0)

590
3, 389
450
900
1,200
7,290
910

22, 288

2,229

22,288

2,229

285
3,500

57
560

285
3,500

57
560

65
190
571
68
132
145
507

813
997
15,109
1,660
858
913
6.845

65
190
571
68
132
145
507

813
997
15,109
1,660
858
913
6.845

0)
0)

$172, 223
1,000
316, 281
855, 572

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

Clothing, other than knit—Continued.
Uniforms______________
Miscellaneous___________ _____________
Clothing, knit.._______ __________________
Hosiery............ .........................................
Underwear............................... .................
Construction: Buildings__________________
Construction: Land development__________
Construction: Major repairs to roads_______
Construction: Roads________ _____________
Farm: Dairy........................ ........... ...............
Beef, dressed________________ _____ ___
Milk, whole_________________ _______
Miscellaneous_________________ _______
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Corn, field___ ____ _____________ ______
Cotton___________ ______ _____________
Ensilage............ .....................................
Hay____________ ______ ______________
Peanuts_____ ____ ________________
Potatoes................. ......... .............. ...........
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs_____________
Pork, dressed____________________ ____
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs_________ _______________________
Poultry, dressed______________________
Furniture: Metal_________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc........ ..................
Card files.............. ...................... ..............
Cabinets, filing________ _______________
Cabinets, storage.______ __________
Desks___________________________
Lockers.................................. ............... .
Shelving_____________________________

State account

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Each_
_
Each
Each
Each
Each __
Each __
Each___
Each .. .
Each___
Each___

102

47
Each
Each
Each
Tons___
Each
Sq. yd
Sq. yd
Pounds.
Dozen
Eanh
Dozen
Dozen
Each
Each
Dozen
Cases.. .

13
55
58
192

16

2

1,014

2,867

1,014

2,867

378
148
41
2
48
6,138
720
276
545
0)

2,811
2,556
337
160
75
20,498
11,832
576
4,976
14, 815

378
148
41
2
48
6,138
720
276
545
0)

2,811
2,556
337
160
75
20,498
11,832
576
4,976
14,815

1,103, 398
3,422
157,000
(0
0)
90,000

55, 256
6,383
10,277
9,346
48,133
81,000

1,103,398
3,422
157,000
0)
0)

55,256
6,383
10,277
9,346
48,133

13,051
534,095
39, 684
103,178

27,232
60,923
26,114
23, 742

13,051
534,095
39, 684
103,178

27,232
60,923
26,114
23, 742

108
1,524
(0
1,253
1, 567
900
900
1,016
667

26
2,413
15
2,381
10,345
1,163
188
1,270
1,000

108
1, 524
0)
1, 253
1, 567
900
900
1,016
667

26
2,413
15
2,381
10, 345
1,163
188
1,270
1,000

STATE FARM

Total____________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




18
20

191

138,630

138, 630

245
965

9,648

965

9,648

2,033
123
842, 733

244
2,952
25, 282

2,033
123
842, 733

244
2,952
25, 282

8,000
769
9,500
4,000
0)

6,000
10,964
11,000
4,000
35,000

8,666
769
9,500
4,000
0)

6,000
10,964
11,000
4,000
35,000

$81,000

241

Clay, cement, and stone products: Brick___ M
Farm: Dairy_____________________________
Beef, dressed_________________________ Pounds.
Cattle_______________________________ Head
Milk, whole__________________________ Pounds.
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Corn, field___________________________ Bushels.
Hay_________________________________ Tons
Potatoes_____________________________ Bushels.
Wheat_______________________________ Bushels.
Miscellaneous____________________ ____

90,000

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Transfer cases________________________
Furniture: Wood_________________________
Benches_________________________ ____
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc___________ ____
Cabinets, filing_______ ____ ___________
Cabinets, storage_____________________
Card files___ ____ _______ _____________
Chairs_______________________________
Desks________ _____ _____ ____________
Stools__________ . . . ____ ______________
Tables__________ _______ _____________
Miscellaneous________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags_____________________
Highway markers____________________
Tags, miscellaneous___________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Quarrying and rock crushing: Lime and
agricultural limestone.
Textiles_________________________________
Blankets_____________________________
Cotton yard goods, light______________
Wool yard goods_____________________
Yarn, cotton_________________________
Textile products--------------------- ----------------Bags, cloth___________________________
Covers, mattress______________________
Flags________________________________
Pillowcases______________ _____ ______
Sheets_______________________________
Ticks, bed--------- -------------------------------Ticks, pillow_________________________
Towels______________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

a

A.—bK in d , qu antity , and value o f articles produced
l
e

in State p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system ,

a

r

c C

institution —

J

o

n

V IR G IN IA -—Continued

state fa r m

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Value

—continued

EarmrHogs__________ _________ _________
Hogs________________________________
Pork, dressed____
______ ____
Earm: Poultry and poultry products______
Eggs___________ ______ ____ _________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

Head
Pounds.

2

260
9,410

$2,080
1,176

260
9,410

$2,080
1,176

17,523
17,276

4,381
25,903

17,523
17,276

4,381
25,903

2

Dozen...
Cases.. .

12

W A S H IN G T O N

Total.

ALL INSTITUTIONS




875
M.
Dozen..
Each...
Dozen..
Doz. pr.
Dozen..
Dozen..
Each...
Dozen..
Each...
DozenDozen..
DozenPairs...
Pairs. __
Each...
Dozen. .

66
179

$320,051

$235,949

729

9,578

729

9,578

26
107
128
2,566
39
272
447
4
534
229
70
439
5,189
8,056
833
346
0)

134
573
2,221
3,561
46
3,226
2,905
29
1,870
2,739
844
4,336
19,453
3,631
9,163
942
59

26
107
128
2,566
39
272
447
4
534
229
70
439
5,189
8,056
833
346
0)

134
573
2,221
3,561
46
3,226
2,905
29
1,870
2,739
844
4,336
19,453
3,631
9,163
942
59

$82,350

$1,752

Quantity

Value

1940

Clay, cement, and stone products: Brick.
Clothing, other than knit_____________
Aprons___________________________
Coats, dress..__________________ _
Coats, work_______ ____ __________
Cloves and mittens____ ___________
Hats and caps.____ _______________
Overalls__________________________
Overcoats_____________ __________ _
Pajamas and nightgowns..................
Pants, dress______________________
Pants, work______________________
Shirts, dress______________________
Shirts, work______________________
Shoes, new_______________________
Shoes repaired____________________
Suits_____________________________
Underwear, men’s and boys'----------Miscellaneous.....................................

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

242

T

t

See footnotes at end of table.




Doz. pr._
Each___

Pounds.
Pounds.
Head_
_
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.
Bushels .
Head....
Pounds.
D ozenPounds .
_
Head_
Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.

23
4
13
141
50

120

13

5

(9

911
185
4,131
6,263
<9

4, 588

1,838
15,704
7,867
2,591
4,558
5,851
1,169

15,373
52,095
146
17,300
1,412,600
314,300
0)

1,838
15,704
7,068
2,591
4,558
5,851
997

4,555
1,295
1,322
3,758
12,046

911
185
4,131
6,263

4,555
1,295
1,322
3,758
12,046

1
(9
(9

(9

356
121,280

4,122
11, 263

301
121,280

3,341
11,263

19,775
3,696
741

3,595
502
445

19, 775
3,696
741

3,595
502
445

408
3
158
208

408
105
1,288
104

408
3
158
208

408
105
1,288
104

957
336

231

957
336

1,227,144
6,237

43,829
11,056

48
1,941

187
297
69
5,750
2,074

12

Each.
Each.
5

15

Pounds _

15,373
52,095
165
17,300
1,412,600
314,300

5,506

5, 506
1,350
11,000
70,000

231

9

183

Pieces.
Pieces.

4,588
1
(9
(9

1
4

(9

1,227,144
6,237

43,829
11,056

48
1,941

187
297
69
5,750
2,074

(9
(9

50, 790
78
124
394

Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.
(9

233
1,147
796
96

(9

(9
(9

50,790
78
124
394
C9

1,350
11,000
70,000

19

799

172

(9

55

781

APPENDIX A---- GENERAL TABLES

Clothing, knit: Hosiery------------- --------- -----Construction: B u i l d i n g s _______________
Construction: Major repairs to roads_______
Construction: Miscellaneous______________
Farm: Dairy.. . ___________ ---------------------Beef, dressed_________________________
Butter____ ______ ____________________
Cattle____ ____ ______________________
Cream_______________________________
Milk, skimmed_______ ____ ___________
Milk, whole__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Ensilage-------------------------------------------Hay_________________________________
Oats_________________________________
Potatoes_____________________________
Miscellaneous_______ _____ ___________
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Hogs------------------------------------------------Pork, dressed_________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs------------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed______________________
Poultry, live_________________________ _
Furniture: Wood____________________ _____
Benches_____________________________
Desks_______________________________
Tables_______________________________
Miscellaneous___________________ _____
Furniture: Other than metal or wood_______
Mattresses___________________________
Repairs______________________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags______________________
Highway markers_____________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Galvanized ware______________________
Tinware_____________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Soap and other detergents: Soap___________
Textile products____ _____________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets.___ __________________________
Towels______________________________
Miscellaneous________________ ____ ___

233
1,147
796
96
fcO
(4^

00

a b le

244

T

A .— Kind, quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, fry State, system, arcd institution— Continued
W ASH IN G TO N — Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

Quantity

a l l in s t it u t i o n s — c o n t in u e d

Wood products___________________________
Boxes_______________________________
Coffins and rough boxes_______________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

1,628
30
10,260

Each..
Each-.
Cases.

$407
300
14,965

1,628
30
10,260

$407
300
14,965

STATE PENITENTIARY

Total-

549

Clothing, other than knit____
Coats, dress________ ______
Coats, work_______________
Gloves and mittens________
Overalls__________________
Overcoats....... .............__r___
Pants, dress_____ ______ ___
Pants, work________ ______ _
Shirts, work________ ______ _
Shoes, new________ _______
Shoes repaired......... .............
Suits_____________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ .
Clothing, knit: Hosiery________
Construction: Miscellaneous___
Farm: Dairy__________________
Butter____________________
Cattle____________________
Cream____________________
Milk, skimmed____________
Milk, whole..........................
Miscellaneous_____________
Farm: Field crops and garden_
_
Miscellaneous______________
Farm: H ogs...________________
Hogs.......................................

148




Each._Dozen..
Doz.pr.
Dozen. Each-.Each-.Dozen..
Dozen..
Pairs..Pairs.
Each--.
Dozen..
Doz.pr.
Pounds.
Head _
_
Pounds.
Pounds.
Pounds.

23
54
16

50
Head-

10

$30,000

148,917

178,957
101
62
2,409
267
447
362
11
258
4,060
6,670
459
246
4,588
0)

555
735
3,373
3,166
2,905
1,357
133
2,624
15,643
2,668
5,049
742
5,506
30,000

101
62
2,409
267
447
362
11
258
4,060
6, 670
459
246
4,588

555
735
3,373
3,166
2, 905
1,357
133
2,624
15,643
2,668
5,049
742
5,506

12,128

3,219
1,178
2,591
2,102
2,190
58

12,128
37
17,300
430,400
120,600
0)

3,219
1,138
2,591
2,102
2,190
58

17,
430,
120,
0)
0)

5,9
150

0)

0)

5,960
150

$40

30,000
2

40

Value

PRISON LABOR IN TH E UNITED STATES, 1 9 4 0

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Pork, dressed
__
___
__
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs
..............
Poultry, dressed
__
FurnitureWood

69,099

6, 536

584
171

3, 257
1,485

584
171

408
3
158

408
105
1,288
104

408
3
158

408
105
1,288
104

231
387

957
336

231
387

957
336

1,227,144
6,237

43,829
11,056

1,227,144
6,237

43,829
11,056

48
1,941

48
1,941

50,790

187
297
69
5,000
2,074

50, 790

187
297
69
5,000
2,074

20
237

192
473

20
237

192
473

1,628
30
8,927

407
300
12,680

1,628
30
8,927

407
300
12,680

Total.._________ _____ ___________ ________
326
Clay, cement, and stone products: Brick
66
729
M
Clothing___________ _______ ____ ______
31
Aprons . . .
Dozen
26
Coats, dress.._
6
Each
Coats, work .
Dozen
66
_ _
Gloves and mittens__
157
Doz. pr
Hats and caps_____ ________________ . Dozen ..
39
Overalls_______ _______ _____ _________ Dozen...
5
Pajamas and nightgowns______________ Dozen
4
Pants, dress________________________ . Each..
172
Pants, work_________________ ________ Dozen
218
______ dress...
Shirts,
Dozen
__
_ ...
70
Shirts, work_
_
__
____ _______
Dozen.
181
1,129
Shoes, new_________________ _________ Pairs_
_
________________________ Pairs_
Shoes repaired _
1,386
Suits______________ . . . _____________ Each___
374
Underwear, men’s and boys’ . _ ____
Dozen
100
Miscellaneous________________________
0)

141,094
9, 578

729

87,032
9, 578

D esks.___________ .. _____________
Tables _____ _____ _ __________

Pounds_
Each
Each

Furniture: Other than metal or wood
Repairs _____ ____ _ _ __ __ _
Metal *products: Tags, highway markers,
and signs.
Auto license tags
Highway markers
Metal products: Miscellaneous
Galvanized ware
Tinware
M iscellaneous
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous
Soap and other detergents: Soap
Textile products___ _____
Sheets...... ...................
Towels.. __________
___
Wood products.
Boxes.. _____ ____
___
Coffins and rough boxes
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

5

12
Each

183

5
Pieces
Pounds.
Dozen.
Dozen. .
Each..
Each
Cases...

0)

10
1
(2)

2
25

0)
0)

0)

0)
(0

STATE REFORMATORY

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f table.




134
18
1,486
188
46
60
29
513
2,606
844
1,712
3,810
963
4,114
200
59

26
6
66
157
39
5
4
172
218
70
181
1,129
1,386
374
100
0)

134
18
1,486
188
46
60
29
513
2,606
844
1,712
3,810
963
4,114
200
59

52,350

1,712

24 5

6, 536

3,257
1,485

5

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

69,099

Pounds.

able

A.—K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in

State p riso n s , 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system ,

anrf institution —Continued

246

T

W A S H IN G T O N — Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use

Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

Dozen. __
Pounds.
H e a d ...

Cases...

4

5
4

5

0)
0)

15, 373
39,967
126
982,200
193,700
0)

1,838
12,485
6,689
2,456
3,661
1,111

15,373
39,967
109
982,200
193, 700
0)

$1,838
12,485
5,930
2,456
3,661
939

911
185
4,131
6,263
0)

4,555
1,295
1,322
3,758
6,086

911
185
4,131
6,263
0)

4, 555
1,295
1,322
3,758
6,086

350
52,181

3,972
4,727

295
52,181

3,191
4, 727

16, 518
2,211
741
0)

3,011
331
445
750

16,518
2,211
741
0)

3,011
331
445
750

78
104
157

233
955
323
96
2,285

78
104
157

233
955
323
96
2,285

$1,350
11,000
40,000

(0
1,333

0)
1,333

17

$759
172

0)

55

781

1940

Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.

3

1 ,0 0
10

40,000

STATES,

Head.—
Pounds.

70

$1,350

U N IT E D

Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.
Bushels.

1
(0
0)

THE

Pounds.
Pounds.
Head. _ _
Pounds.
Pounds.

4
13
87
34

IN




Each___

Value

LABOR

STATE REFORMATORY— C o n tin u e d

Construction: Buildings____________________
Construction: Major repairs to roads_______
Construction: Miscellaneous_______________
Farm: Dairy____________ . . . ____ __________
Beef, dressed-----------------------------------------Butter_________________________________
Cattle______________ ___________________
M ilk, skimmed_________________________
M ilk, whole____________________________
Miscellaneous___________________ ____ ...
Farm: Field crops and garden______________
Ensilage_______________________________
Hay_______ _____________________________
Oats_______________________ ____ _______
Potatoes_______________________________
Miscellaneous---------------------------------------Farm: H ogs._______________________________
Hogs___________________________________
Pork, dressed__________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs-----------------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed________________________
Poultry, live-----------------------------------------Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Textile products-----------------------------------------Pillowcases__________ ______ _____ _____
Sheets__________________________________
Towels_________________________________
Miscellaneous__________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

Quantity

P R IS O N

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

W ES T V IR G IN IA
ALL INSTITUTIONS
T o ta l

921

Dozen

Shoes repaired
_ __ ____________
Construction: Buildings
__ _ ______
C o n s tru c tio n : B a n d d e v e lo p m e n t
Construction: Roads _ _ __________
C o n s tm e tio n : M is ce lla n e o u s
F a r m : C a ttle
B e ef, dressed
......
C a ttle
M is c e lla n e o u s
F a rm : D a ir y
B e ef, dressed
C a ttle
M i l k , w h o le
F a r m : F ie ld crops a n d g a rd en
B a r le y
C o r n , fie ld
Hay
P ota to e s
S tr a w
W heat
M is c e lla n e o u s
F a r m : H ogs
H ogs
Pork, dressed
Miscellaneous. __
__
_ _______
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Fggs

Poultry, dressed

_

________

Miscellaneous_________________ _______

See footnotes at end of table.




Pounds.
Head
Pounds.

24
108
155
292
176
100
878
77
298
4,8 4 8

61,826
114
(0

8 ,3 5 0
4 ,8 1 8
562

61,826
113

8 ,3 5 0
4,7 2 8

2 ,717
1,137
5,476

23,896
36
243,051

2 ,717
1,137
5, 476

1,113
2,570
1,200
15,788
1. 502
1,285
13, 272

2,722
5,001
150
22,917
250
1,800

1,113
2, 570
1 ,2 0 0
15,788
1, 502
1,285
13,272

1,686
9 ,367
23

207
86,930

7,363
717
715

7

100
227
2,2 6 4
350
2 ,1 2 3
600
7 ,9 6 9
809
2 ,160
3 ,6 3 6
3 ,9 2 5
7, 500
977,960
38,451

545
158
302

7,363
717
715

545
158
302

1
20
21
7
1

36
689
143
254
14
95

1
20
21
7
1

36
689
143
254
14
95

(i)
0)
0)

100
227
2,2 6 4
350
2,1 2 3
600
7 ,9 6 9
809
2 ,1 6 0
3,6 3 6

0)
0)
0)

95

Tons

Bushels.
Tons
Bushels.

0)

0)

5

Head
Pounds.

207
86,930
4

Dozen
Pounds.
Head

0)

0)

1 ,686
9 ,3 6 7
23

6

3,9 2 5
7 ,5 0 0
977,960
38,451

1

0)

90
562

5
E ach
E ach

Each _
Each _
Each
0)

0)

2 4 7

P o u ltr y , liv e
F u r n itu r e : M e t a l
B enches
C a b in e ts
C h a irs
D e sk s
T a b le s

24
108
155
292
176
100
878
77
298
4,848
6

2,722
5,001
150
22,917
250
1,800

5
35
551
118
3

Pounds.
Head

Bushels.
Bushels.

$652

$ 1,027,836

$166,650

23,896
36
243,051

Faoh

Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen
Pairs
Each _

$ 1,1 95 ,13 8

19

APPENDIX A----GENERAL TABLES

C lo th in g
A prnns
C o a ts , dross
C o a ts , w o rlr
H a t s a n d ra p s
O v e ra lls
P a n ts , dress
Pants^ w n r k
S h irts , dress
S h irts , w o r k

able

A .— Kind, quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system,

andf

248

T

institution— Continued

W EST V IR G IN IA —Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

ALL institutions—continued
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Mining: Coal
_
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous __ _
Quarrying and rock crushing___ __________
Lime and agricultural limestone_______
Stone, building______________ _________
Textile products__________________________
Pillowcases____ ______________
___
Sheets
Towels.. _____
_________________
Miscellaneous___
_________ ________
Wood products: Lumber. ________________
Other manufactured products_____________
Canned fruits and vegetables__________
Do ....
_ __
_




Quantity
*

Tons___
Tons
Tons
Dozen
Dozen
Dozen.
Bd. f t ...
Barrels
Cases

STATE PENITENTIARY
Total..................................... ................... ........
Clothing........ .................................. ..............
Aprons.......... ................. ......................
Coats, dress....................................... ........
Coats, work................................. ............
Hats and caps_____________ ______ ____
Overalls_____________ _______ _________
Pants, dress.____ ___ ______ __________
Pants, work.................. ................ .............
Shirts, dress__________________________
Shirts, work...............................................
Shoes repaired______ _____ ____________
Construction: Roads ____ ______ __________
Construction: Miscellaneous
Farm: Dairy_ ________
_
______ ______
Beef, dressed ....................... ...................
Cattle_____ ________________________
Milk, whole__________________________

State account

2
21
3
38
2

3
5

(0
11,446
(0

$493
22,892
3,000

0)
11,446
0)

$493
22,892
3,000

621
2,314

918
31,246

621
2,314

918
31,246

42
75
500
300
85,000

100
405
1,005
270
2,550

42
75
500
300
85,000

100
405
1,005
270
2, 550

113
8,876

565
10,518

113
8, 876

565
10,518

Dozen
Each _.
Dozen __
Dozen _
Dozen .
Each ..
Dozen .
Dozen ..
Dozen...
Pairs___

Pounds.
Head ..
Pounds.

19

651
118
5

$1,016,411

116,147

1,132, 558

816
24
108
155
292
176
100
878
77
298
4,848
0)
0)

100
227
2,264
350
2,123
600
7,969
809
2,160
3,636
977,960
38,451

24
108
155
292
176
100
878
77
298
4,848

23,896
10
192, 769

2,717
200
4,472

23,896
10
192, 769

100
227
2,264
350
2,123
600
7,969
809
2,160
3, 636
0)
0)
2,717
200
4,472

977,960
38,451

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THU UNITED STATES, 1 9 4 0

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

,S0I80fr

0)

7,059

0)

7,059

H eadPounds

42
80.376

420
8,842

42
80, 376

420
8,842

Dozen..

6,549
0)

422
52

6, 549
(0

422
52

1
20
21
7
1

36
689
143
254
14
95
493
22,892
3, 000
31,246

1
20
21
7
1

36
689
143
254
14
95
493
22,892
3,000
31,246

Each..
Each..
Each..
Each..
Each..
-

Tons..
Tons..

0)
0)
11,446
0)
2,314

Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen..

42
75
500

100
405
1,005
270

8,876
113

10, 518
565

(0
Cases..
Barrels

0)
0)
11,446
0)
2,314
42
75
500

100
405
1,005
270

8,876
113

10, 518
565

0)

STATE MEDIUM SECURITY PRISON

Total.
Construction: Buildings_________
Construction: Land development.
Farm: Cattle___________________
Beef, dressed______ _____ ____
Cattle______________________
Miscellaneous_______________
Farm: Dairy____ ____ __________
Cattle______________________
Milk, whole_________________
Farm: Field crops and garden......
Barley______________________
Com, field__________________
Hay------------------- ----------------Potatoes____________________
Straw_______________________
Wheat______________________
Miscellaneous_______________




==== =

50,503

6
0)

3,925
7,500

61,826
114
0)

8, 350
4,818
562

61, 826
113

Head.—.
Pounds.

26
50,282

937
1,004

26
50, 282

Bushels.
Bushels.
Tons_
_
Bushels.
Tons_
_
Bushels .

2,722
5,001
150
22,917
250
1,800
0)

1,113
2,570
1,200
15, 788
1, 502
1,285
6,213

2, 722
5,001
150
22,917
250
1,800
(9

11,425

$652

—=
---------

1,113
2, 570
1,200
15, 788
1, 502
1,285
6,213

Pounds.
Head....

6
0)

3, 925
7,500

... =

937
1,004

Each...

8,350
4,728

1
(9

90
562

249

See footnotes at end of table.

62, 580

105

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Miscellaneous-----------------------------------Farm: Hogs_____________________________
Hogs------------------------------------------------Pork, dressed. ______________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs------------------------------------------------Poultry, live__________ . ____ _____ ____
Furniture: Metal_____ ____ ______________
Benches_____________________________
Cabinets_____________________________
Chairs________________ _____ _____
Desks________ ___ ____ ______________
Tables_______________ _______________
Miscellaneous________________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous____________
Mining: Coal____________________________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Quarrying and rock crushing: Stone, build­
ing.
Textile products__________________________
Pillowcases___________________________
Sheets_______________________________
Towels ______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Other manufactured products_____________
Canned fruits and vegetables__________
Do______________________ _______

250

T able A .— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons , 1940 , by State, system , and institution— Continued
W EST V IR G IN IA — Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account

Quantity

Value

state medium secubity prison—continued
Farm: Hogs________________________________
Hogs------ -----------------------------------------------Pork, dressed___________________________
Miscellaneous__________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs------------------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed________________________
Poultry, l i v e . - . : -----------------------------------Quarrying and rock crushing: Lime and
agricultural limestone.
W ood products: Lum ber____________ ____

H e a d ...
Pounds.

165
6,554

0)

$1, 266
525
23

165
6, 554

0)

$1,266
525
23

D ozen..
Pounds.
H ea d ...
T o n s ....

814
717
500
621

123
158
250
918

814
717
500
621

123
158
250
918

B d. ft ...

85,000

2,550

85,000

2,550

W ISCO NSIN

A LIN T U IO S
L S IT T N
Total.
Clay, cement, and stone products: Miscel­
laneous.
Clothing, other than k n it_____
______
Aprons_________________________________ D ozen..
Coats, dress.-------- --------------------------------- E a ch ....
Coats, w ork .----------------------------------------- D o z e n D resses.. . ............. ....................................... E ach .. .
D oz. pr.
Gloves and mittens_____ ____ _________
Hats and caps------------ ------- -------------------- Dozen __
Labor only_____________________________
Overalls--------------- ---------------------------------- Dozen.
Overcoats______________________________ E a c h Pajamas and nightgowns-------- ---------------- Dozen.
Pants, dress____________________________ E a c h Pants, w o r k .............. ......................... ........ Dozen.
Shirts, work..... ............................................ Dozen.




1,262

(2
)

$919,813

$590,349

162

0)

162

(9

128
44
767
187
575
111
158
0)

220
282
1
1,209
219
234

148
2,559
1, 882
716
94
263
48
1, 723
1,777
7
3,091
2,264
1,615

44
767
187
575
111
158

0)

220
282
1
1,209
219
234

148
2,559
1,882
716
94
263
48
1, 723
1,777
7
3,091
2, 264
1,615

$31, 221

$298, 243

Piece price

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THU UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Pairs___
Pairs___

Doz. pr_
Each___
Pounds.

4
7
13
170
11

Pounds
Head
65
Pounds.
Pounds.
Head
Pounds.
Pounds.
172
Bushels.
Bushels .
Tons
Tons
Bushels.
Pounds.
Bushels.
18
Head
P oun ds.

7,338
7, 773
0
1,133
189
31
0
166

15,213
2,128
438
6,558
984
484
223
1,837

25, 250

2,040

3,532
4,996
105

32,805

3,532

255
60,010
26
295,614
3,052,140
0)

37
16, 323
1,703
3,407
62,889
6,862

255
60,010
1
295,614
3,052,140
0

37
16,323
125
3,407
62,889
6,862

4,006
0)
2,255
1,593
1,595
3,040
22,444
18,943
0

2,861
2,949
817
5,586
15, 769
973
2, 244
11, 742
45,942

4,006
0
2, 255
1,593
1, 595
3,040
22, 444
18,943
0)

2, 861
2,949
817
5,586
15,769
973
2,244
11, 742
45,942

19
188,207

Each
Dozen.... —
Dozen....

7,338
7,773
0
1,148
189
31
0
166
1
0)
3,698,700

15,213
2,128
438
6,674
984
484
223
1,837
27,138
4,083
217,997

32,805
45
0

270
16, 261

18
172,702

14,665
13,320
0)

3,081
3, 238
30, 792

1,180
91
1,088
233
0
139
0

2,557
1,414
8,288
2, 929
1,218
2,293
956

7
Dozen
Poun ds.
Each
Each___
Each
Each
Each

.

82
103

15

116

3,673, 450

215,957

45

4,996
101

25

1,578

264
15,699

1
15, 505

6
562

14,665
13,320
d

3,081
3,238
30,441

0

351

1,180
91
1,088
233
0
139
0

2,557
1,414
8,288
2,929
1,218
2,293
956

1

0

4

0

27,138
4,083

0

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Shoes, new...... ...................... ................. .......
Shoes repaired_______________ _________
D o __________________________________
Suits______________
Underwear, men’ s and hoys’ ____________
Underwea r* wom en’ s and children’ s_____
Miscellaneous___________________________
Clothing, knit: Hosiery_____________________
Construction: B u ild in g s... ______________
Construction: Land developm ent______ . . .
Cordage: Binder twine____________________
Barm: Cattle______________________________
Beef, dressed________________ _____ ____
Cattle_______________ ________________
Miscellaneous______________ ___________
Farm: D a i r y _________________________ ____ _
Beef, dressed________
________ _
Butter__________________________ ____
Cattle_________________________________
_
M ilk, skim m ed_ __________ ____ _____
M ilk, w h o le ___ ______________ ____ ___
Miscellaneous_______
________ ____ _
Farm: Field crops and garden______________
B a r l e y . ___________ _________________
______ ___ _
Beets, su g a r___________
Corn, field...... ..............................................
Ensilage_____ _______ ____________ _
H a y ._______
________________ ___ __
Oats___ _____________ _____ _________ .
Peas, shelled___ _______________________
Potatoes______ ______ __
Miscellaneous___________________________
Farm: Hogs_________________________________
H o g s ... ___________ ________________
Pork, dressed__ _______ _ _ ________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products________
Eggs____ ____ _____ ______ ____________
Poultry, dressed
_____________________
Farm: M iscellaneous____________ ________
Furniture: M etal___________________________
Chairs_____________ _ _ _ _ _ _
...
_
D e s k s ._____ ________________ ______
Filing cases__ __ _ __________________ .
Lockers and cabinets________________
Shelving_______ _ _________________
Tables____ ______ ______________________
Miscellaneous_________________ _________

See footnotes at end of table.




to
Or

252

T able A.— K ind, quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system, and institution— Continued
W IS C O N S IN — Continued

I

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use

Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account

Quantity

Piece price
Quantity

Value

all institutions—continued




122

0)

$422
37, 885
1,361
681
1,134
28,481
2, 543

(0
(0

3,592
14,833

935,527
18,404
1 351, 243
4

117, 260
12,089
7, 544
1,483

935,527
18,404
1 351, 243
4
<)
>

117,260
12,089
7, 544
1, 483

75
3,417
5,539
4,364
51, 752

8
84, 289

75
3, 417
5, 539
4,205
51, 752

77
22,974
427
51

Each.
Each.
Each.
Each.

0)

3,795

Each.
26
34
55
Each.
Each.
Each.
15

0)

Pieces.

8

Pieces.

84,289

Gallons.

0)

8

0)

28, 270

73
390

6

50

0)

27

(0

$408
1,045
98
673
356
276
1, 939

4
22, 584
421

$14
36,840
1,263

0)

0)

778
28,205
604

0)

159

0)

ii2 ‘

1

3,768

8

3, 592
14, 833

0)

0)

28,270

13
Each.
Each.

1, 918
594
12,517

1, 356, 315
331, 250

0)
1,409
(0
(i)

20,620
50
1,245

1,409

3
42
93

14
180
270

3
42
93

1,356,315
331, 250
72

Tons.

0)

19
Dozen
Dozen.
Dozen.

0)

12
1

1940

Furniture: W ood___________________________
B ench es-...................... ................... ........ .
Chairs_____ _____ ______________________
Chairs, upholstered......................... ............
Desks__________ _____ __________ _____ _
Repairs___________________ _____ _______
Tables_____ __________________ _____ ___
Miscellaneous_______________ _________
Furniture: Other than metal or w ood _______
Labor only_____________________________
Laundry, commercial_______________________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags_______________________
Signs______________________ ____________
Tags, miscellaneous. ...................... ......... .
Miscellaneous__________________________
Metal products: M iscellaneous..................... .
Galvanized ware.................................... ......
Laundry equipm ent_________ ______ ___
Tinware___________ ______ _____________
Miscellaneous..................................... ..........
Paint...................... ...............................................
Printing and binding___________________ ___
Envelopes....... .......... ........... ............. ..........
Letterheads_________ _____ _______ _____
Miscellaneous................................................
Quarrying and rock crushing.. ..................
Stone, building_________________ _______
D o______________________ ________ _
Stone, crushed...... ................. ......................
Textile products_____ ____ ___________ >
-------Bags, cloth_____________________________
Mopheads__________________ ___________
Pillowcases__________________ __________
Repairs.................................. ........................

Value

PRISON LABOR IN TH E UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

1, 918
594
12, 517
20,620
50
1,245

-180
270

Sheets_____________________________
Towels__________________ _________
Miscellaneous. _............ ........................
Wood products______________________ _
Firewood_____________ _____________
Shingles______________ __________ _
Other manufactured products............... .......
Canned fruits and vegetables__________
Do_______ ____________________
Do____________________________
Trucks, laundry (canvas)__________ ...
Miscellaneous_______________________
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing): Repairs
(auto paint and wax jobs).

Dozen..
Dozen..
Cords...
Bundles

108
760

17

0)
10
,2 0
2 ,4 1 1

757
1 ,3 4 2
301
3 ,3 0 0
5 ,3 1 4

1 08
7 60

0)
10
,2 0
2 ,4 1 1

757
1 ,3 4 2
267

0)

34

3 ,3 0 0
5 ,3 1 4

40

Cases..
Gallons

3 ,3 8 7
3 4 ,4 6 5

Each..
61

0)
600
0)
0)

3 ,3 6 6
5 ,4 4 0
2 ,9 5 9
2 ,1 9 6
722
, 559

6

3 ,3 8 7
3 4 ,4 6 5

0)
600
0)

3 ,3 6 6
5 .4 4 0
2 ,9 5 9
2 ,1 9 6
722

6 559
,

- 0)

Clothing___________________________________
Aprons_________ _______________________
Coats, work....... ............................ .............
Labor o n l y ..................... ................. ............
Overalls___________ ______ _____________
Pants, work_________ ____ _____ _______
Shirts, work____________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden..____ ________
Miscellaneous____________ ______ _______
Farm: H ogs.________________ ________ _____
Pork, dressed___________________________
Furniture: W o o d .____ _____________________
Benches___________ ________ ___________
Chairs__________________________________
Desks___ _____ ___________ ________ ____
Repairs________________________ ____ ___
Tables____________________ ______ ______
Miscellaneous__________ ____ ___________
Textile products. ___________________________
Sheets____________________ ____ ________
Towels_________________________________
Miscellaneous__________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

Total.

Dozen..
Dozen..

4

2
1
0) 2
15
1
0
(0

3

Pounds.

2 ,4 8 0

2 ,4 8 0

1, 5 59

1 2 ,6 7 2

1 ,5 5 9

4
103

24

2
1
0) 2
15
1
0
0)

1 2 ,6 7 2

Dozen..
Dozen..
Dozen-

863

6 ,5 6 8

7 , 431

45

14
213

25

1 56
64
374

2
2
26
31
19

22
1
82

2
2
26
31
19

22
1
82

9

EachEach..
Each..

1

(i)

Each.
3

0)

Dozen..
Dozen..

27
35

2

(l)

0)

4
103

8

168
38

12
2
1, 8 43

(0
0)
0)
0)

27
35

1 68
38

8
8

0)

1 ,8 4 3

1

25

14
213

8

1 56
64
374

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

C N R L S A E H S IT L F R T E IN A E
E T A T T OP A O H S N
Total______________ ________ __________

34

S A E P IS N F R W M N
TT R O O O E

Clothing_______
Aprons_____
Coats, dress. .
Dresses____
See footnotes at end of table.




1 5, 2 7 3

47

Dozen..
Each...
Each. _

15
5

1

575

2
1
4
716

1 3 ,6 8 9

5

1

5 75

t

1, 5 84

2
1
4
716

to

Oi
C
O

able

A .— K in d ,

254

T

quantity , and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State , system , aric? institution — Continued
WISCONSIN— Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price
Quantity

Value

state prison for w oman —continued

4
1
31

$63
7
484
53

255
7,640
26
295,614
35, 749

D ozen...
Dozen. __
D ozen ...

$63
7
484
53

37
2,104
1,703
3,407
665

255
7,640
1
295,614
35, 749

37
2,104
125
3,407
665

532
817
236
95

266
235
716
760
1,660

532
817
236
95

266
235
716
760
1,660

19
3, 276

270
273

18
3,276

264
273

2,263
636

462
140

2,263
636

462
140

9
12
33

4
Pounds.
Pounds .
Head___ —
Pounds.
Pounds.

4
1
31

30
101
51
114
931

9
12
33

30
101
51
114
931

0)

0)

25

$1,578

1

6

13
Bushels.
Bushels.
Tons . . .
T on s___
1
H ea d ...
Pounds.
Dozen ...
Pounds.
D ozen ...
D ozen ...
Dozen

(2
)

0)

(0

3

11

0)
0)

C)
1
0)

1940

Clothing—Continued.
Overalls..- __________ ______ _______ _
Pajamas and nightgowns_______________
Underwear, women's and children's_____
Miscellaneous__________________________
Farm: D a iry ... ____________________________
Beef, dressed___________________________
Butter_________ ____ __________________
Cattle________________ _____ _____ _____
M ilk, skimmed___________ ____ ________
M ilk, whole___: ___ ____ _____ _______
Farm: Field crops and garden..........................
Barley .
. . . ________________________
Corn, field______________________________
Ensilage___________ ___________________
H ay____________
_________ ____ ______
Miscellaneous__________ _______________
Farm: Hogs_______ _______________________
Hogs___________________________________
____ ____ ___
Pork, dressed__________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products________
_____
Eggs
..
Poultry, dressed________________________
Textile products.......... .......... ................. ............
Pillowcases_______ ____________________
Sheets_________________________________
Towels________ _________ _______
Miscellaneous_____________________ ____
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

S A E P IS N
TT R O
T otal.

_____ __________________ ________

746

Clothing, other than k n it ..................... .......... .
Aprons._____ ______ _________ __________ D ozen ...

66




670, 702
7

18

420,125
7

18

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE! UNITED ST AT E S,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

$31,221

219,356




Pounds.

2,555
1,839
92
263
1,176
1,765
3,091
1,544
1,292
15, 213
2,128
3, 958
528
170

166
1

166

1,837

3,698,700

1,837
27,138
4,083
217,997

25, 250

2,040

1,459
2,936

15,350

1,459

1,115,582
0)

15, 913
6,862

1,115,582
«

15,913
6,862

7,305
6,449
27,646

675
9,919
0)

7, 305
6,449
27,646

96,186

Pounds.
Head .

766
185
109
158
174
279
1,209
153
190
7,338
7,773
733
137
0)

675
9,919

7
33
170
2

2,555
1,839
92
263
1,176
1,765
3,091
1,544
1,292
15,213
2,128
3,958
528
170

15,350
28

4
Doz. pr.
Each___

766
185
109
158
174
279
1,209
153
190
7,338
7,773
733
137
0)

8,154

96,186

8,154

5,276
8,499
0)

897
899
30,792

5, 276
8,499
(0

897
899
30,441

1,180
91
1,088
233
0)
139
0)

2,557
1,414
8,288
2,929
3,218
2,293
956

1,180
91
1,088
233
0)
139
(0

2, 557
1,414
8, 288
2,929
1,218
2,293
956

0)

1
0)

27,138
4, 033
"3, 673,450

215,957

28

2,936

33
Pounds.
64
Tons
Bushels.
12
Pounds.

0)

2
Dozen
Pounds.
82
103

Each___
Each
Each
Each „
Each
26
34
55
Each___
E ach...
E ach...

0)
0)

3, 592
14,833

0)
0)

117, 260
12.089
7,544
1.483

933, 527
18,404
1 351, 243
4
(i)

117, 2^0
12,089
7,544
1. 483

351

3, 592
14,833

933,527
38,404
1 351,243
4

0)

(i)

255

See footnotes at end of table.

Each. _
Dozen .
Doz. pr.
Dozen _
Dozen..
Each..
Each .
D ozen.... —
Dozen.
Pairs..
Pairs
Each j
Dozen

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Coats, dress________________ ______ _
.................... ........ __
Coats^ work
Gloves and mittens________ _________
Hats and caps___________________ _
Overalls___1__________ ________ __
Overcoats______________________ _____
Pants, d r e s s . ____ ______
______
Pants, work______________
_ ____
Shirts, w ork___
_______
Shoes, new___
Shoes repaired
S u its ___ ____
Underwear, m en’s and boys’
Miscellaneous.
Clothing, knit_________ . . . . .
Hosiery______ . . . . . .
_ _ ...
Construction: Buildings___
Construction: Land development ______
Cordage: Binder twine
..................
Farm f Cattle.......... ............ ...........................
Beef, dressed__________________ ______
Cattle_______ __________ _____ ______
Farm: Dairy_____________________ ______
M ilk, w h o le ........
Miscellaneous____________________ . . .
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
H a y________________ ____
. ______
Potatoes_______
______
_______
_____ _
Miscellaneous___________
F a r m : H o g s _________________
________
Pork, dressed____________
________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products ___
Eggs____ ____________ _
Poultrv, dressed. _______
_
__
Farm: Miscellaneous...................................
F u r n i t u r e : M etal___________________________
Chairs___ _______ __________ _____ _
Desks.
__ _______ ______ ______ ___
Filing ca ses... ______________________
Lockers and cabinets________________
Shelving_____________ ____ __________ _
Tables_______ ___________
. _ __
Miscellaneous________________ . . . _
Furniture: Other than wood or metal_______
Labor o n l y ________ _ . . . ____ _ . _ . .
Laundry, commercial____ _____ ____________
Metal products: Tags, highway markers,
and s ig n s.
Auto license tags_____ ______
_ _______
_____
___
Signs ._
..
Tags, miscellaneous . . . . .. ______
Miscellaneous__________________________

and value o f articles produced in State p riso n s , 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system ,

aru? institution —Continued

256

T able A.—K in d , quantity ,

W ISCO NSIN—Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price
Quantity

Value

state prison —continued

Metal products: Miscellaneous______________
Galvanized ware........................... ________
Laundry equipment_____ ___ __________
Tinw are.. .1 ___ ____ __________ _____
Miscellaneous.............................. .................
Paint_______________________ _____ _________
Printing and binding. _________________ . . .
Envelopes. _________________ _____ _ ..
Letterheads____________________________
Miscellaneous ______ ________ _____ _
Quarrying and rock c r u sh in g ______ ____ _ „
Stone, crushed...... .......... ............ ......... ......
Textile products________ ____ _____ ________
Bags, cloth____ ____ __________ ________ _
M op heads__________ _______ ________ _
Pillowcases__________________ ____ _____
Repairs_______ ____ ____________________
Sheets........................ ........ ............ ................
Towels_______________________ _________
Miscellaneous .................... ..........................
W ood products _________________ _____ _
F irew ood ..______________________ ____
Shingles . . . .
____ ^ . . .
Other manufactured p rod u cts______________
Canned fruits and vegetables___________
.
Trucks, laundry (canvas)_______ ____
Miscellaneous....... ........................................

3
Pieces...
P ieces...
Gallons.

8
13

E ach___
E ach___
4
3
D ozen ...
D ozen...
D ozen...

8
0)
81,289
0)
28,270

$75
3,417
5,539
2,772
51,752

8
(0
84,289
0)
28,270

$75
3,417
5,539
2,772
51, 752

1, 356,315
331,250
0)

1,918
594
12,517

1, 356, 315
331. 250
0)

1,918
594
12,517

0)

1,245

(0

1,245

3
42
17

—

0)

Dozen. .
D ozen.. _
17
Cords. _.
Bundles

29
434

0)

14
180
40
112
224
874
2

3
42
17
29
434

224
874
2

0)

1,200
2,411

3, 300
5,314

1,200
2,411

5,440
2,196
722

5,745
600
0)

___

C ases.. .
Each _

5,440
2,196
722

0)
255

___ _____ ______ _____ _______

Clothing ________________________________ .
Aprons
____________________________ .
Gloves and mittens_____________________
Overalls
. . _____________________ _ _
Overcoats.................................. ....................




$112

3, 300
5,314

5,745
600

0)

25

S A ER F R A O Y
T T E O MT R
Total

*

14
180
40

82,918

91,013

28
D ozen ...
D oz .p r..
D ozen..
Each___

22
2
34
3

78
2
438
12

22
2
34
3

78
2
438
12

8,095

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED iSTATES, 1040

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Dozen.
Dozen.
Each..

47
25
415

484
186
2,716

13,805

47
25
400

484
186
2,600

0)

1,692
81

13,805
(0

1,692

30,176
1,280,857

7,904
15,172

30,176
1,280,857

7,904
15,172

Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.

3,474
0)
957
474
6,366
0)

2,595
2,949
2,870
4,637
3,818
8,396

3,474
p)
957
474
6,366
0)

2,595
2,949
2,870
4,637
3,818
8,396

Pounds.

76,073

6,275

60, 568

5, 713

D ozen...
Pounds.

2,140
1,763

365
344

2,140
1,763

365
344

0)
0)

622
159

Pounds.
Pounds. .
Pounds.
Bushels.

Tons.

x

4

0)

116
77

1,409
0)
67
16
146

0)
^ 966

200
106
291
63
1,329
6, 559

6, 559

200
106
291
63
1,329

0)

622
159

20,620
50

67
16
146

562

0)

20,620
50

15, 505

(!)
0)

1,409
w

Dozen.. .
Dozen___
Dozen___
Cases.. .

15

0)

966

M W U E C U T H UE O C R E T N
IL A K E O N Y O S F O R C IO
135,394

Total.
Clay, cement, and stone products: Miscella­
neous.
Clothing___________________________________
Aprons_________________________________
Coats, w ork______ ______ ________ ____ _
Overalls_________________________ ____ _
Pants, work____________________________
Repairs________________________________
Shirts, w ork____________________________
Shoes repaired__________________________
Underwear, m en’s and boys’ ____________

See footnotes at end of table.




162

0)
Dozen___
Dozen___
D ozen... *
.
Dozen___
Dozen.
Dozen.

8
1
6
4
0)
0)

9
52

9
17
27
24
17
55
438
456

67,049

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Pants, work._____ __________ _____ _____
Shirts, work_____________________ _____
Suits_____________________________ ____
Farm: Cattle____ __________________________
Beef, dressed___________________________
Miscellaneous_________________________
Farm: Dairy_______________________________
Butter_________________________________
Milk, whole____________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden______________
Barley________________________________
Beets, sugar___________________________
Ensilage_______________________________
Hay-----------------------------------------------------Potatoes_______________________________
Miscellaneous_________________________
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Pork, dressed__________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products______
Eggs-----------------------------------------------------Poultry, dressed________________________
Furniture: Wood__________________________
Repairs________________________________
Metal products: Miscellaneous________. ___
Quarrying and rock crushing______________
Stone, building_________________________
Miscellaneous__________________________
Textile products__________ ______ __________
Pillowcases____________________________
Sheets__________________________________
Towels_________________________________
Miscellaneous__________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing): Repairs
(auto paint and wax jobs).

68, 345

162

0)
8
1
6
4
0)
9
(i)
52

9
17
27
24
17
55
438
456

to
Oi

able

A.— K in d ,

258

T

quantity, and value o f articles produced in State p rison s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution —Continued
W ISCO N SIN — Continued
Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Aver-

Unit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

M W U E C U T H U EO C R E T N
IL A K E O N Y O S F O R C IO —
continued
Farm: Cattle___ ____________________
Beef, dressed_____________________ _____
Cattle__________________________________
M iscellaneous___________________ ____
Farm: D a iry ... _____ ___ _______________
B utter.. . _ . . . . . . ______________ ...
M ilk, whole___________ ________________
Farm: Field crops and garden______________
Corn,, field__ _ . . _____________ . . .
Ensilage_______________ ________________
H a y_______
_ ._
_______ ____ _____
Oats__________________ _ _____________
Peas, shelled... ____________________
Potatoes______ _ _ _ ____ ______ _____
Miscellaneous.. .
____
___________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_____ ._
Eggs___________________________________
Poultry, dressed________ ______________
Furniture: W ood ___________ ______________
Benches__________________ ____ ________
Chairs_______ _______ ______ ____ ______
Chairs, upholstered______ _____ _______
Desks.. ________________________________
Repairs___ ___________ _______________
Tables____________ ____ ________________
Miscellaneous. _ ____________ ________
Metal products: Miscellaneous_____________
Textile products____________ _________ t- ____
Sheets____ _ ___________ ____ ______ ___
Towels____ . . . . ___ ________________
Other manufactured p ro d u c ts ____________
Canned fruits and vegetables.................
D o ................................................... ........




3
Pounds.
Head___

Bushels.
T on s___
T ons. .
Bushels .
Poun ds.
Bushels.

6,315
31,139

22,194
619,952

6,315
31,139

(9

582
2,000
3,067
973
2,244
1,475
5,760

1,438
400
251
3,040
22,444
2,658
0)

582
2,000
3,067
973
2,244
1,475
5, 760

4,986
10,072

1,357
1,855

4,986
10,072

1,357
1,855

73
22,871
427
50
0)
3,770

408
37,672
1,361
673
356
28,417
2,169
1,433

73
390
6
50

408
1,045
98
673
356
276
1,939
1,433

17

(9

$2,060
24

22,481
421

36,627
1,263

3, 743

28,141
230

105

Each___
4
(2
)

(9
(9
24
112

i58
88

2,421

2,037
185

C
9

27

(9
(9
24
112

158
88

2,421

2,037
185

3
Cases_
_

.

$381

1,438
400
251
3,040
22, 444
2,658
4

D ozen.
Dozen _ _

3,650

23

Dozen _
P oun ds.
E ach___
Each___
E ach___
E a c h ...

$381
2,060
24

22,194
619,952

12
Pounds.
P ounds.

3,650
17
(0

<
9

(9

(9

PRISON LABOR IN THE' UNITED STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

W Y O M IN G

A L IN T U IO S
L S IT T N
T otal- ___________________ _______________

$37,613

$10,500

$68,964

9
55
15
46
12
98
600

55
15
46
12
98
600

0)
0)
0)
54,684
41

6,563
1,035

54,684
40

6,563
985

28,400
397,200
338,300

2,756
318
6,583

1,700
397,200
338, 300

222
318
6,583

8,900
964
125
600
300
9,250
0)

4,342
3,856
750
4,100
96
5, 550
3,753

8,900

4,342

125
600
300
9,250
0)

750
4,100
96
5, 550
3, 553

278
56,737

1,770
5,674

278
56, 737

1, 770
5, 674

6,800
7,216
2,317

5
4
2

660
180
1,048
288
1,349
450
690
5,500
5,000

1,859
1,377
1,812

6,290
7,216
1,867

1,686
1,377
1,557

437
68
2,072
0)

4,156
7
570
4,943

110
68

1,129
7

660
180
1,048
288
1,349
450
0)
0)

5,500
5,000

690

(0

1

50

26, 700

2,534

964

3,856

10

42

3

200

(0

5
510

173

450

255

9

2

622

6,142

622

5,417
24,885

16,053

9,774

12
0)
1,267

58
787
2,753

12

2,753

570
4,943

482
13,390

5,417
15, 111

58

1, 267

3,027

6,142

482
29,443

327
2,072
(0

95
2
6

0)

787

259




$117,077

194

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clothing- ________________________ _______
Overalls _ __
__ ___ ___
Pajamas and nightgowns _______ ____
Pants, work
___ ______ ____________
Shirts, dress______ _____ ____ ___________ Dozen
, Shirts, w ork__ _______ _____ __________
Shoes repaired
__
__ ____
M iscellaneous___ __
______________
Construction: Land development
__
Construction: M ajor repairs to buildings _.
Farm: Cattle___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _T_ __
Beef, dressed. _ _____ __ _
Pounds .
______ _________
_ ____ _______
Cattle
Head. _
Farm: Dairy______ _______ ____ _______
_______ _________
Cream______ __
Pounds.
M ilk, skimmed _
_. _ _____________
Pounds .
Milk^ whole ____ __
.
__________ ___ Pounds.
Farm: Field crops and garden
Barley____________ _ _______________ . Bushels _
___ T o n s __
Beets, sugar........................................ .
_
Ensilage___________________ ____ _
Tons ._
H a y_________________________________ __ Tons
Oats____________________________________ Bushels .
Potatoes__
Bushels.
Miscellaneous
Farm: Hogs. _
_
__
Hogs
__
Head
Pork,Pounds.
dressed
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs
_
_
_
Dozen
Poultry, dressed-Pounds .
Poultry, liv e.
_ ...................... ................ Head
Farm: Miscellaneous._ __
........... .
Lambs _ ___ ________ __ __________ _ Head
Lambs, dressed_______
__
Pounds .
W ool ________ _________ _____________
Pounds.
M iscellaneous____
____ ________
Furniture: Other than metal or w ood .........
Mattresses____ _______ ________________
Each
Textiles
__ __
Rugs ________ ___________ _____________ Sq. yd
W ool yard goods........ .................. ................ Sq. y d .
Textile products
Bags, cloth
Dozen
Miscellaneous
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits Cases.. .
and vegetables.
See fo o tn o te s a t end o f table.

able

260

T

A .— K in d, quantity, and value o f articles produced in State prisons, 1940, by State, system , and institution— Continued
W Y O M IN G —Continued

Unit

STATE PENITENTIARY
Total_________________________ _______________
Clothing. . _ .......... ........... ...................... ............... ..
Overalls.______ ____________ ______________
Pants, work______ _______ _____________ . _
Shirts, work______________________ _ ___ _
Shoes repaired_____ _________ _________ ____
Miscellaneous_____________ ______________
Construction: Land development__________ .
Farm: Cattle___________ _____ ________ ______ .
Beef, dressed..________________ _____
........................................................... . . .
Farm: Dairy______________________ _____ ______
Cream__________ ______________________ ____
M ilk , skimmed........................ ................. .......
M ilk, whole _____________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden________________
Barley_____________ _________________ _. . .
Beets, sugar_______________________________
H ay
.................... ......... ........... ........... ...........
Potatoes________________________ ______ ____
Miscellaneous_______________________
. .
Farm: Hogs _______________________ _. _
Hogs
___________ -_
............................
__
Farm: Poultry and poultry products________
Eggs
__ __
________
Poultry
Farm: Miscellaneous
................ ....... ........... ..
Lambs
.
____
.
________________

Lamb dressed

Furniture: Other than metal or wood_______
Mattresses
. ..
______________
Textiles
.
_________
Rugs----------------------------- -----------------------------




Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Quantity

$79, 524

154

Public works and
ways

State use

Value

Quantity

$43,762

Value

State account

Quantity

$5,500

Piece price

Value

Quantity

Value

$30,262

7
Dozen
Dozen . .
Dozen—
Pairs _.

55
42
76
600
0)
0)

5,894
440

49,116
27

5,894
440

28,400
397,200
30,700

2,756
318
432

1,700
397,200
30,700

222
318
432

3,500
964
250
6,667
(0

1,750
3,856
2,000
4,000
2,582

3,500

1,750

250
6,667
(9

2,000
4,000
2,582

202
41,926

1,420
4,193

202
41,926

1,420
4,193

2,383
0)

358
1,125

2,383
(9

358
1,125

270
68

2,041
7

19
68

174
7

622

Pounds _
Cattle.
Head— .

55
42
76
600

49,116
27

5
1

660
1,000
821
450
690
5,500

6,142

622

6,142

482

5,417

660
1,000
821
450
(9

5,500

690

V)

5
Pounds_
Pounds
P’ounds

26, 700

2,534

964

3,856

251

1,867

29
Bushels.
—
Tons—
Tons . .
Bushels.
1
Head
Pork, dressed___
Pounds
3
Dozen
4
Head ~
Pounds
2
Each

__

•

95
Sq. y d —

482

5,417

PRISON* LABOR IN THE UNITED STATE'S, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Woolen yard goods-. _ __________________
Textile products_________________________
Miscellaneous................................................

Sq. vd ._

24,885

16,053

13,390

9, 774

787

0)

INDUSTRIAL INSTITUTE
Total_________ ____________________ ____ _

15, 111

37,553

40

787

0)
25, 202

7,351

5,000

2
D ozen...
Dozen...
D ozen...
D ozen...

15
4
12
22

180
48
288
528

5,568
14

669
595

5,568
13

669
545

6,151

307,600

6,151

5,400
125
350
300
2,583
0)

2,592
750
2,100
96
1,550
1,171

5,400
125
350
300
2,583
0)

2,592
750
2,100
96
1, 550
971

76
14,811

350
1,481

76
14,811

350
1,481

4,417
4,494
1,717

5
Pounds.

15
4
12
22

307,600

4
1
Pounds
Head___

180
48
288
528
5,000

1,501
777
1,287

3,907
4,494
1,267

1,328
777
1,032

167
2,072
(i)
12
1,267

2,115
570
4,943
58
2,753

91

955

12
1,267

58
2, 753

0)

0)

5,000
1

50

13
Bushels .
T o n s ...
T o n s ...
Bushels .
Bushels.
2
Head___
Pounds.

200

0)

2
Dozen
Pounds .
Head

510

173

450

255

76
2,072
(0

1,160
570
4,943

5
H ead...
Pounds.
D ozen...
Cases__

(2
)

6

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clothing___________________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns_________ _____ _
Pants, work.__-~._r_____________________
Shirts, dress_______________ ___________
Shirts, w ork .._____ _____________________
Construction: M ajor repairs to buildings____
Farm: Cattle_______________________________
Beef, dressed_____________ _______ ______
Cattle__________________________________
Farm: Dairy____________
__________
Milk, whole_____________ _____________
Farm: Field crops and garden____________ Barley________ ___ __________ ____ _____
Ensilage..................................................... __
H ay....... ............................. ........... ...............
Oats____ _______ ___________ ___________
Potatoes___________ ________ _____
Miscellaneous____ ____ ______ ______ ___
Farm: Hogs.........
............................... __
Hogs_______________ _________ _______
Pork, dressed.....................
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs.
___
Poultry, dressed
_____
Poultry, live
_ _
Farm: Miscellaneous — ______ ______
Lambs ___ __ _____
W ool.
.
_ ______ __
Miscellaneous
_
__ _____
Textile products: Bags, cloth
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

29,443
2

8 Representing 425,000 pounds for $7,200 and an unknown quantity valued at $12,661.
* Enumeration impracticable.
Includes labor and trim in fabricating the following: 1,736 dozen coats and jackets;
2 Requiring less than the full-time work of 1 prisoner for a year.
7,459 dozen overalls; 37 dozen pajamas; 24,936 dozen pants; 15,034 dozen play suits; 16,341
3 2 prisoners employed on experimental silk farm. No production to date.
dozen shirts; and 85 dozen shorts.
4 Cloth woven and bags fabricated in textile mill.
1 11,294,000 State tax tokens.
1
6 Including an average of 20 men working 6 months in orchard. (N o yield, due to frost).
1 In addition, these men accomplished land clearance of unknown value.
2
6 Tax tokens.
1 Includes 1,503,674 dog and hunters’ tags valued at $34,579.
3
7 Does not include an unknown quantity valued at $363.
7 Includes 273,470 dog tags valued at $1,925.
4
8 Incmdes 40,000 danger flags valued at $2,468.




to

able

262

T

B.— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in Federal prisons , 1940, fry* State, system , a n d institution
A LA B A M A

Unit

F D R L P IS NC M
EEA R O AP
_ ____ ____ ___________________

Construction: Buildings____________________

12

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

$22,850

12

T o ta l..

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

0)

Value

State account

Quantity

Piece price

Value

$22,850

22,850

22,850

0)

A R IZO N A

F D R L P IS N C M
EEA R O AP
Total

$219,189

92

___________________________

Construction: Buildings_________________ _ Each___
Construction: Roads_______________ _____ _ M ile s ...
Construction: Miscellaneous________________

22
58
12

14
2

(9

$219,189
14
2

101,810
63, 256
54,123

(9

101,810
63, 256
54,123

C A L IF O R N IA

A L IN T U IO S
L S IT T N
223

Total.
Clothing-----------------------------Aprons------------ -------------Coats, dress____________
Coats, work_____________
Dresses_________________
Hats and caps---------------Labor only_____________
Overalls________________
Overcoats_______________
Pajamas and nightgowns.
Pants, dress____________
Pants, work____________
Shirts, work____________
Shoes repaired__________
Suits___________________




5
631
13
227
20

Dozen. .............
Each__________
Dozen_________
Each__________
D ozen_________
Dozen.
E ach..
Dozen.
E ach..
Dozen.
Dozen.
Pairs..
E ach..

$64,697

$170,787

(9

51
•40
4
688
56
10
3,135
206

27
3,963
503
371
41
651
1,061
467
25
2,555
660
85
1,170
1,669

5
631
13
227

(9

20

51
40
4
688
56

1
0

3,135
206

27
3,963
503
371
41
651
1,061
467
25
2,555
660
85
1,170
1,669

$106,038

$52

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 19 40

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

225
21
33
513

Dozen.
Dozen.
E achEach—
(i)
0)
(i)
(!)
0)
Head___
Pounds.
Pounds.

31
3,668
227,350
0)

229
853
10,072
384

45

450
874

Tons.
0)
Dozen.
Head..
Each.
Pounds.

362
11
0)
583
(i)
499,084

Dozen.
Dozen.

38
168
0)

T o ta l.----------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




225
21
33
513
0)

(0
0)
0)
0)
14
3,668
227,350
0)
45

450
874

362
11

91
19

0)
583
0)
499,084

244
479
300
8,151

47
570
450
26,503

38
168

46,152
5,410
14,050
40,426

177
853
10,072
384

244
479
300
8,151

0)

91
19
47
570
450 ,
26,503

535
29
479
647
95

(!)
(i)

17

G)

F D R L C R E T N L IN T U IO
E E A O R C IO A S IT T N
Clothing_________________________ ____ _
Dresses_____________________________
Pajamas and nightgowns___________
Underwear, m en’s and boys’ ________
Underwear wom en’s and cnildren’s..
Miscellaneous______________________
Construction: Buildings________________
Construction: Land development_______
Construction: Major repairs to buildings.
Construction: Miscellaneous____________
Textile products____ ___________________
Sheets______________________________
Towels___________________ _________
Miscellaneous_____ __________ ______

535
29
479
647
95
46,152
5,410
14,050
40,426

2,068

105,606
E a ch Dozen.
Dozen.
Dozen.

227
4
225
21
0)
(i)
(i)
0)
0)

Dozen.
Dozen.

38
168
0)

371
25
535
29
85
45,652
5,410
12,050
40,426
244
479
300

227
4
225
21
0)

103, 538

371
25
535
29
85
0)
0)
(1)
0)

38
168
0)

52

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Underwear, m en’s and boys’ __________
Underwear, wom en’s and children’s_
_
Uniforms--------------------- ------- --------------Vests________________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Construction: Buildings______________
Construction: Land development_________
Construction: M ajor repairs to buildings..
Construction: Miscellaneous_____________
Farm: Dairy_____________________________
Cattle________________________________
Cream_______________________________
M ilk, whole__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden____________
H a y_________________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_____
Eggs--------------------------------------------------Poultry, live_________________________
Furniture: W o o d ________________________
Repairs______________________________
Trays, desk__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Laundry, commercial____________________
Textile products____ ____________________
Sheets_______________________________
Towels_______________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Other manufactured products: Mats, door.

45,652
5,410
12,050
40,426

244
479
300

K)
a>

00

264

T a b l e B.— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in Federal prisons , 1940 , fey State, system , em institution — Continued
o?
C A LIF O R N IA — Continued

Unit

U. S. NAVAL PRISON
Total_____________________________ ______

14

Clothing_____ _________________________
Labor only __
.
_ _ _ _ _ __
Shoes repaired.
__ ........................... P airs__
Construction: Buildings _______ _______ Each_
_
Construction: Major repairs to buildings ___
Farm: D airy________________ _______ .. .
Cattle_______________________________ Head_
_
Cream_______ _______ _____ ______ ___ Pounds .
Pounds.
Milk, whole..
.......
Miscellaneous. _ __
____
Farm: Field crops and garden______
__
Hay_____ _____
___: _ _
___ T o n s __
Miscellaneous . . .
Farm: Poultry and poultry products
Eggs_____ _
Dozen .
Poultry, live. .........
Head ...
IT S. PENITENTIARY
.
Total________ ___




610
1

(9
31
3,668
227,350
0)

5
45
___ _ (9_
(2
)
362
11
120

Dozen
Each
Dozen
Dozen...
Dozen
Each
Each
Dozen
Dozen..
Pairs
Each
Each
Each_
_

Quantity

348
157
500
2,000
229
853
10,072
384
450
874

5
631
13
20

(9

610

(9

51
40
688
56
10
2,525
206
33
513

348
157

14
3,668
227,350
(9

177
853
10,072
384

45

Quantity

1

Piece price

Value

Quantity

$52

500
2,000
52

450
874

362
11

Value

$2,500

0)

91
19

(9

91
19

27
3,963
503
41
303
1,061
467
2,555
660
85
1,013
1,669
479
647

Quantity

$13,425

17

49, 204

49, 204

39

Value

State account

5
631
13
20
(9

51
40
688
56
10
2, 525
206
33
513

27
3,963
503
41
303
1,061
467
2, 555
660
85
1,013
i
1,669
I
I
479
____________________ i__________
647 _________ ! ________ 1

Value

1940

Clothing.__ __________ __ ____
Aprons. _
Coats, dress_____
Coats, work.. _
Hats and caps_ _
_
Labor only. __
Overalls... __
Overcoats
Pants, dress .
Pants, work ..
Shirts, work
Shoes repaired
Suits
Uniforms
Vests, men’s__________________________

(0

Public works and
ways

State use

$15,977

2
1
1
5

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

PRISON LABOR IN THE1 UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

408102°-18-

Miscellaneous_____ ____ ______...........
Furniture: W ood._____________________
Repairs_________________ ________
Trays, desk________________ ____ _
Miscellaneous______________________
Laundry, commercial__________________
Other manufactured products: Mats, door

Each.
Pounds.
________

62
14

(0

10

0)

0)

5

47
570
450
26, 503
8,151

(0

583
0)
499,084
(0

10 I

583
0)
499,084
(0

47
570
450
26,503
8,151

FLORIDA
FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION

Construction: Buildings.. _______________
Farm: Field crops and garden.............. .........
Cane sirup___________________________
Corn, field_________________________
Hay___ __ ______________________
Potatoes__ ____________ ____ _______
Miscellaneous______________________
Farm: H ogs____________ ______ _______
Pork, dressed. _____________ _____
Farm: Poultry and poultry products.. .. .
Eggs_________________________________
Poultry, dressed__________ ______ _____

142
Each___
Gallons.
Bushels.
Tons ..
Bushels.
Pounds.
Dozen .
Pounds.

125
14

2
1

$123,716 _________
120,205

$3,511

880
230
122
375
1,328

1,796
387
16
541
(0

880
230
122
375
1,328

5,238

444

5,238

444

194
484

46
86

194
484

46
86

9
1,796
387
16 i
541
0)

$120,205
9

120,205

GEORGIA
U. S. PENITENTIARY
Total_________________________________
Clothing______________________________
Aprons________________ ________ ___
Bathrobes______________ _________
Coats, dress___________________ ____
Coats, work_________________ ______
Hats and caps_________________ ____
Overalls__________________ ______ _
Overcoats___________________ ______
Pants, dress_______________________
Pants, work_______________________
Suits______________________________
Vests, men’s_____________ ____ _____
Miscellaneous______________________
Constniction: Buildings________________
Construction: Major repairs to buildings..
See footnotes at end of table.




1,399
Dozen
Dozen _
Each...
Dozen
Dozen _
Dozen
Each...
Each ..
Dozen
Each..
Each_
_
Each_
_

116 .

175
43

105
632
5,259
931
305
268
3,805
9,324
3,364
6,977
10,778
0)
9
0)

565
11,381
34,168
6,499
725
5,959
30,115
30,097
34, 256
47,767
11,906
901
103,362
20,000

$123,362

$1,913,615

$2,036,977
105
632
5, 259
931
305
268
3,805
9,324
3,364
6,977
10,778
0)

565
11,381
34,168
6,499
725
5,959
30,115
30,097
34,256
47,767
11,906
901

9
0)

_________

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Total_________________________________

103,362

2 ,0 0
00

.t o
O

Or

266

T able B.— K in d, quantity, and value o f articles produced in Federal prisons, 1940, fry State, system , and institution — Continued
G EO R G IA — Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

u. s. penitentiary—continued




Pounds.
Bushels.
Tons___
Tons___
Pounds.
Pounds.
Each.
Yards.
Yards.
Yards.
Dozen. _
Dozen. _
Each___
Each___
Each___

22
138

7
48
14
679

130

27

928,865
0)

$19,449
2,109

928,865
(0

$19,449
2,109

2, 534
473
283
0)

1,203
2,253
1,349
8,846

2,534
473
283
0)

1,203
2, 253
1,349
8,846

1, 981
123,900

198
10,494

1,981
123,900

198
10,494

47,482
0)

154,996
15,744

47,482
0)

154,996
15, 744

165, 659
4,846, 306
331,378

13,803
1,060, 431
1,657

165,659
4,846,306
331,378

13,803
1,060,431
1,657

3,051
316
164,974
6,511
17,952

94,036
748
223,381
9,767
78,812

3,051
316
164,974
6, 511
17,952

94,036
748
223,381
9, 767
78,812

Value

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

Farm: Dairy..H
__________________________
Milk, whole__________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Corn, field___________________________
Ensilage_____________________________
Hay_________________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs_____________________________
Lard________________________________
Pork, dressed_________________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Mattresses___________________________
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous_______
Textiles_________________________________
Cotton yard goods, light_______________
Duck and canvas_____________________
Tape________________________________
Textile products__________________________
Bags, cloth_ _____ __________________
_
Pillowcases___________________________
Tents________________________________
Ticks________________________________
Other manufactured products: Trucks, laun­
dry (canvas).

Quantity

State account

PRISON LABOR IN TH E UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

ID A H O

T otal..

FEDERAL PRISON CAM
P
_____ _ _______

Construction* Roads
Wood products: Wood, fuel

$68,061

88
M iles...
Cords...

77
11

7
1,100

63,111
4,950

$63, 111

$4,950
7
1,100

63,111

4,950

KANSAS
ALL INSTITUTIONS

See footnotes at end of table.




237
Dozen. .
Dozen..
Each...
DozenDozen..

'706

Dozen..
E achEach.,.
DozenPairs.. .
Each...
Dozen..
E ach Each___
PoundsHead—
Pounds.

218
22
24

102
Bushels.
Tons_
_
Tons_
_
Tons_
_
Tons_
_
Bushels.
Bushels.

$116,832

$2, 288,094

$2,404,926

1,614

1, 799
755, 395

(0
163, 568

1,799
755, 395

(0
163, 568

59
5,277
5
211
0)
120
3, 563
9,445
1
328, 595
4,538
1,535
4,470
0)
13
0)

148
36,726
23
369
3
1, 355
35,109
33,599
10
1,013,874
51, 529
2,486
6, 513
690
115,437
1,395

59
5, 277
5
211
0)
120
3, 563
9,445
1
328, 595
4, 538
1, 535
4,470
0)

24,993
141
1,143, 511
0)

2,881
1,990
23,901
9,144

24, 993
141
1,143, 511
(0

2,881
1,990
23, 901
9,144

7,600
304
26
676
142
8,484
473
0)

3, 624
1, 278
64
4,229
566
4,823
333
12,977

7,600
304
26
676
142
8,484
473
0)

3,624
1, 278
64
4,229
566
4,823
333
12,977

36,

1,013,
51,
2,
13
0)

115,437
1, 395

267

Brooms, brushes, and mops____________
Brushes3__________________________
Do____________________________
Clothing______________________________
Aprons____________________________
Coats, dress___________________ ____
Coats, work_______________________
Hats and caps_____________________
Labor only________________________
Overalls___________________________
Overcoats_________________________
Pants, dress_______________________
Pants, work_______________________
Shoes, new________________________
Suits______________________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ________
Vests, men’s_______________________
Miscellaneous______________________
Construction: Buildings________________
Construction: Major repairs to buildings..
Farm: Dairy__________________________
Beef, dressed_______________________
Cattle_____________________________
Milk, whole_______________________
Miscellaneous______________________
Farm: Field crops and garden__________
Corn, field___________ _____________
Ensilage___________________________
Fodder____________________________
Hay_____________________ ______ _
Mangels___________________________
Potatoes___________________________
Wheat____________________________
Miscellaneous______________________

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Total.

T a b l e B.— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in Federal prisons, 1940, by State, system , and institution — Continued

to

KANSAS-—
Continued

oo

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

all institutions—continued




4
3
75

748
194, 211

$5,622
16,450

748
194,211

$5,622
16,450

12,541
471

2,872
60

12,541
471

2,872
60

22
252
41
71
794
298
327
398
464

340
3,215
453
1,394
1,916
3,189
8,185
10,918
4,464
21
899
13,188
28,359

22
252
41
71
794
298
327
398
464

340
3,215
453
1,394
1,916
3,189
8,185
10,918
4,464
21
899
13,188
28, 359

0)

(2
)
89
56
9

85
749

0)
44
0)
0)

107
41
787
1,924
791
642

6,227
607,844

6,384
34,183

11

63

C)
1

85
749

0)

44

83
37,757
67, 705

11

83
37,757
67, 705

410
317
303

V)

0)

410
317
303

107
41
787
1,924
791
642

6,227
607,844

6,384
34,183

0)

0)
0)

.

0)

Value

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

Farm: Hogs______________ ______________
Hogs_______ _______________________ Head ._
_____ _________________ Pounds
Pork, dressed
Farm: Poultry and poultry products_______
Eggs_______ ________________ ____ Dozen
____________ _ Poultry, dressed
. _____ Pounds
Furniture: Wood_________________________
Beds__________ ______ ______ _________ Each
Benches _____ _______________ _____ Each
Bookcases...
_____ _____ ___ _
Each
Bureaus, chiffoniers, e t c ............. .......... Each
Cabinets____ _______ _____ ______ Each
_____ __ _____ _____ Each
Chairs______
Davenports, sofas, etc. _ _______ _____ Each
Desks___ _____ ____________________ Each
Fiber articles, miscellaneous____________ Each
Repairs............... . _ . _______________
Stands_______________________________ Each ..
Tables_______ ____ ___________________ Each ..
Miscellaneous______ ________________
Furniture: Other than metal or wood______
Pillows_ ____ ________
_
--,
_____ Each___
Laundry and dry cleaning, commercial___ _
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous______
Textile products_____________________ ____
Bags, cloth___________________________ Dozen __
Labor only________________ _________
Pillowcases_____ ______ ____ _________
Dozen...
Sheets................ ......... .............................. Dozen. _.
Towels__________ ____ ________________ Dozen.._
Miscellaneous._________ ______________
Wood products___________ _____ ____ _____
Boxes _
_______________________ Each .
.......................... ................... Each___
Brush blocks

Quantity

State account

PRISON LABOR IN T H E UNITED STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
prisoners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

Brush handles____________ ____
Other manufactured products: I c e ...

Each..
Tons..

U. S. PENITENTIARY
Total____________________________




642,166
1,225

24,943
5,764
115,437

2,242, 774

2,358, 211
163, 568

755,395

163,568

755,395

59
5,277
5
211
0)
120
3,563
9,445
1
328,595
4, 538
1, 535
4,470
0)
13

148
36, 726
23
369
3
1,355
35,109
33,599
10
1,013,874
51, 529
2,486
6, 513
690
115,437

59
5,277
5
211
0)
120
3,563
9,445
1
328,595
4,538
1,535
4,470
C)
1

148
36,726
23
369
3
1,355
35,109
33,599
10
1,013.874
51, 529
2,486
6,513
690

24,993
141
1,143,511
0)

2,881
1,990
23,901
9,144

24,993
141
1,143, 511
C)
1

2,881
1,990
23,901
9,144

7,600
304
26
676
142
8,484
473
0)

3,624
1,278
64
4, 229
566
4,823
333
12,977

7,600
304
26
676
142
8,484
473
<0

3,624
1,278
64
4,229
566
4,823
333
12,977

H eadPounds .

748
194,211

5,622
16,450

748
194,211

5,622
16,450

Dozen _.
Pounds

12,541
471

2,872
60

12,541
471

2,872
60

22
252
41
71
794
298
327

340
3,215
453
1,394
1,916
3,189
8,185

22
252
41
71
794
298
327

340
3,215
453
1,394
1,916
3,189
8,185

Dozen.
Each...
Dozen.
Dozen.

203
706

Dozen .
Each...
Each...
Dozen _
Pairs...
Each...
Dozen.
E ach Each..

218
24

Pounds
Head...
Pounds.
Bushels.
Tons---Tons___
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels .
Bushels.

Each..
Each..
Each..
Each..
EachEach..
Each..

102

13

115,437

269

See footnotes at end of table.

1,463
Dozen __

24,943
5,764

A P P E N D IX A— GE N E R AL T A B L ES

Brooms, brushes, and mops: Brushes.
Clothing...______ ________________
Aprons_______ ____ __________
Coats, dress___________________
Coats, work___________________
Hats and caps___ _____________
Labor only____________________
Overalls_______________________
Overcoats_____________________
Pants, dress----------------------------Pants, work_____________ ____ _
Shoes, new____________________
Suits__________________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ____
Vests, men’s___________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Construction: Buildings____________
Parm: Dairy______________________
Beef, dressed___________________
Cattle_____ ____ _______________
Milk, whole___________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Farm: Field crops and garden______
Corn, field_____________________
Ensilage----------------------------------Fodder________________________
Hay___________________________
Mangels_______________________
Potatoes_______________________
Wheat________________________
Miscellaneous__________________
Farm Hogs_______________________
Hogs--------------------------------------Pork, dressed---------------------------Farm: Poultry and poultry products.
Eggs---------------------------------------Poultry, dressed_______________
Furniture: W ood---------------------------Beds___________ _____ _________
Benches_______________________
Bookcases_____________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc------------Cabinets______________ ____ ____
Chairs_________________________
Davenports, sofas, etc___________

642,166
1, 225

T a b l e B.— K ind , quantity, and value o f articles produced in Federal prisons , 2940, by State, system ,, and institution — Continued

to

KANSAS— Continued

o

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

AverUnit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

u. s. penitentiary—continued
Desks
______ _____ _________
Fiber articles
Repairs
_ __________ __________ Stands___________________ _______ Tables ______________________________
Miscellaneous_____ ________ _____
Furniture: Other than metal or w o o d ___
Pillows
_____
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous___ _
Textile products
_____ ___________ _____
Bags, cloth
____________ _ ____ Labor only____________ _______ ___.
Pillowcases_____ ____ _________________
Sheets___________ ____ ______________
Towels____ _____ ______ ____ ______
Miscellaneous_______ ______ _________
Wood products___________________ ______
Boxes. ___________________ ____ ______
Brush blocks............................ .... ...........
Brush handles................. .............. ........
Total

T . S. PENITENTIARY ANNEX
J
.
____ __________ _______

Each
Each

398
464
0)

Each ...
Each_
_
Each
Dozen

(2
)
56
9

Each...
Each___
Each___

44
0)
11

63

83
67,705

(0

107
41
787
1,924
791
642

6, 227
607,844
642,166

6,384
34,183
24,943

0)

0)

85
749

83
67, 705

11
410
317
303

107
41
787
1,924
791
642

6, 227
607,844
642,166

6. 384
34,183
24, 943

0)

0)

*

45,320
0)
0)
1,225

$1,395

1,799
37, 757
5,764

(0

1,395

Quantity

Value

1940

8

1,799
1,395
37,757
5,764

$10,918
4,464
21
899
13,188
28, 359

44

46,715

151

34
Brooms, brushes, and mops: Brushes 3_____
22
Construction: Major repairs to buildings___
Laundry and dry cleaning, commercial_____
89
0)
_________ Tons___ products: Ice
1,225
Other manufactured
6




(0

410
317
303

(9

Dozen
Dozen
Dozen. _

85
749

0)

398
464

$10,918
4,464
21
899
13,188
28,359

Value

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN THE' UNITED .STATES,

Institution and articles produced

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

LOUISIANA
FEDERAL DETENTION HEADQUARTERS
Total-

.

_ .

.....................___

14

Other manufactured products: Mats, door___ Sq. yd-_

14

$11,107

$11,107
2,421

11,107

2, 421

11,107

MICHIGAN
FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION

Clothing: Shoes repaired.................. ...... ........
Construction: Buildings _______________ _
Construction: Land development________ _
Construction: Major repairs to roads______
Construction: Roads._____________________
Construction: Miscellaneous____ ________
Farm: Field crops and garden. __________
Corn, field________ ______ ____________
Hay______________________________
Potatoes,/_____________ ________ ____
Miscellaneous.-_ ____________ ______ _
Farm: H ogs________ ________________
Hogs.. . . . ___________________ ____
Pork, dressed_________________________
Farm: Poultry and poultry products____ .
Eggs_________________________________
Poultry, dressed_______________ ______
Poultry, live_________________________
Furniture: Metal____________ ______ ____
Beds_________________________________
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

170
Pairs___
Each___

Bushels .
Tons. .
Bushels.
Head_
_
Pounds
Dozen...
Pounds .
Head_
_
Each___
Cases...

2
36
5
2
3
10
45

7
5

53
2

$104, 238

$40, 450

$63, 788
1,572

2,096
6
0)
0)
0)
0)

1,572
30,000
2, 250
1,000
1,200
6,000

2, 096

679
22
1,536
0)

323
188
866
2,838

679
22
1,536
0)

323
188
866
2, 838

262
48,850

3,202
4,138

262
48,850

3,202
4,138

6,867
1,891
557

1, 573
267
574

6,867
1,891
557

1,573
267
574

4,940
815

46,966
1,281

4,940
815

46,966
1,281

6
0)
0)
0)
0)

30,000
2, 250
1,000
1,200
6,000

MINNESOTA
FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION
Total............ ................. .................................

84

Construction: Buildings____ _ __________ Each_
_
Construction: Major repairs to buildings___

72
12

See footnotes at end o f table.




$47, 015
7
0)

40,478
6, 537

$47,015
7
0)

40,478
6, 537

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Total__________________ _____ ___________

272

T a b l e B.— K ind , quantity, and value o f articles produced in Federal prisons , 1940 ,

State, system , and institution — Continued

MISSOURI

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

M
EDICAL CENTER FOR FEDERAL PRISONERS
61
Construction: Buildings
..... ....................
Construction: Major repairs to buildings.. .
Construction: Roads____________________
Farm: Cattle ______ __________________
Beef, dressed__________________ _______ Pounds
______ ____ ____ __ i ____
Miscellaneous
Farm: Field crops and garden_____________
Barley.. __________________________ . Bushels .
Hay___ ___ _____________ ____________ Tons___
Oats___ ____ ____________ ____________ Bushels.
Bushels .
Potatoes
__
............................... ....
Wheat.. .................... ............................. Bushels.
Miscellaneous..................................... ....
Farm: H ogs..................................... .........
Head_
_
Hogs............................... ......................
Lard................................. .......................... Pounds
Pork, dressed_____________________ i __ Pounds
Farm: Poultry and poultry products______
Pounds
Poultry, dressed................. ....................

12
20
11
1

$47,482
0)
0)
0)

(0
0)
0)

2

1

26, 531
0)

3, 235
238

26, 531
0)

3, 235
238

3,445
128
1,331
930
1,257
0)

1,436
1,008
384
553
892
2,795

3,445
128
1, 331
930
1,257
0)

1,436
1,008
384
553
892
2, 795

271
7,111
55,300

1,937
711
4,683

271
7,111
55,300

1,937
711
4,683

2,200

14

403

2,200

403

U. S. NAVAL PRISON

Printing and binding:
blank books.




Bookbinding and

i
1
$842

2
2

0)

842

$842
0)

10,075
7,807
11, 325

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Tntftl

$29,207

$18,275

10, 075
7,807
11,325

State account

P R I S O N L A B O R IN T H E U N I T E D STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

842

NEW YO RK
FEDERAL DETENTION HEADQUARTERS
Total____________________________________
Laundry, commercial_____________________

$28,187

53
Pounds.

53

1,241,164

$28,187
1,241,164

28,187

1

28,187

O H IO

Clothing___________________ ___________ _
Aprons
____________ _____ _____ _ _
Coats, work.._ __ _ ________________
Gloves and mittens_____ __ _ _ _ _
Shoes, new ... ____________________ .
_
____ _______ __
Shoes repaired_
Construction: Buildings___________ _
Farm: Dairy___ _ _ __ ____ _ _ ___
Beef, dressed. ____ ___ ____
C attle.____ _
__ ______ ____
Milk, whole___
_ _ _
Miscellaneous.. __
_
_ .
Farm: Field crops and garden___
Corn, field... __ _
_ ___ _ _
Ensilage______ _
. _ ____ __ _
Fodder______ __ _____ _______ _
Hay
Potatoes____________ _ ___ _ ___
Straw
Wheat___________________________
Miscellaneous________________ __
Farm: Hogs .
_ _ __ _ _ _ __
Hogs.
_
_ ___________
Pork, dressed.. _
_ _
___
Miscellaneous pork products
Farm: Poultry and poultry products___
Eggs. _ _
__
_ _ _ _ _ _
Poultry, dressed_____ ______ _ _
Poultry, live. _________ _ _ _
Furniture: W ood__________
___ _
Chairs__ ____________ _
Davenports, sofas, etc. _
. . . .
Stools____________ ___
______

38~

Dozen
Dozen
Doz. pr.
Pairs .
Pairs
Pounds.
Head. _. —
Pounds.
Bushels.
Tons
Tons
Tons
Bushels.
Tons
Bushels
Head
Pounds
Dozen
Pounds.
Head_
_
Each
Each
Each___

197
15

58

11

4

""157

$315,899

$458,106

520
3
171
13,709
50
2,757
0)

18
5. 977
32,261
20
1,379
141,900

3
171
13,709
50
2,757

18
5,977
32, 261
20
1,379

13,964
63
686,275
0)

3,601
1,841
14,412
51

13, 964
19
686, 275

4,473
1,734
189
2,000
155
364
1,025
8,164

9,397
413
118
239
292
83
1,460
(0

4,473
1,734
189
2,000
155
364
1,025
8,164

646
105,323
0)

6,641
8,921
4,613

646
105,323
0)

6,641
8,921
4,613

18,503
10,342
1,855

4,237
1,828
1,597

22,982
349
1, 997

$307

1,601
1,585
14,412

9,397
413
118
239
292
83
1,460
0)

$141,900

A P P E N D I X A— G E N E R A L TABLES

FEDERAL REFORMATORY
Total____________________________________

137,532
12, 215
17, 973

18,503
10,342
1,855
22,982
349
1,997

4,237 ~
1,828
1, 597
137, 532
12, 215
17, 973

i
0)

141.900
44
0)

256
51

See footnotes at end of table.




CO

T able B.— K in d , quantity, and value o f articles produced in Federal prison s, 1940 , by State, system , and institution— Continued

fcO
-<r

O H IO — Continued

Unit

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system
Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

FEDERAL REFORMATORY—continued
Metal products: Castings______ _
_ _
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous
Other manufactured products
_ _ __
Canned fruits and vegetables. ..
Miscellaneous

State account
Quantity

Value
•

PoundsCases _

32
3
5

479,819
0)

$38,510
1,500

479,819
0)

$38, 510
1,500

1,942
0)

3,378
1,597

1,942
(0

3,378
1,597

OKLAHOM A
FEDERAL REFORMATORY
Total_______ _____
.

_




$541,950

537
Dozen...
Dozen„Pounds -

106
(2
)
328
2
13

Pounds.

31

Bushels .
Tons
Tons
Bushels .
Bushels.
4
Pounds.
Sq. yd
Sq. yd
Dozen...

49
4

$262,441

46,030
50
0)

216,086
240
279, 509

46,030
50

16,522

2,148

16,522

2,148

499,372

9, 538

499,372

9, 538

829
162
313
3,862
2,079
0)

317
763
1,434
1,093
1,478
1,061

829
162
313
3,862
2,079
0)

317
763
1, 434
1,093
1,478
1,061

115,311

8,729

115, 311

8, 729

37,079
212
2,444

13,915
281
5, 358

37,079
212
2,444

13,915
281
5,358

$279, 509

216,086
240
0)

279, 509

Quantity

Value

1940

Brooms, brushes, and mops: Brooms
__ _
Clothing: Hats and c a p s . _ . . . . . ___ .
_ _______
Construction: Buildings__ _
Farm: Cattle____________________________
Beef, dressed._______ ________
Farm: Dairy_____________ ____ _________
Milk, whole
Farm: Field crops and garden______ ____
Barley___ ____ _
Ensilage.... ................ _
Hay______________ _____ ___ _______
Oats__________ ____ __________
Wheat___ _________ __________
Miscellaneous____ __ _______ ___ _
Farm: Hogs .......................... .
__
Pprk, dressed__ _ _ __ ___ _
Textiles___ __ ___________ _________ _
Cotton yard goods, light________ .
_________ _
Wool yard goods
Textile products: Towels

Value

Piece price

PRISON LABOR IN TH E UNITED STATES',

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
Value
ployed Quantity

P E N N S Y L V A N IA
U. S. PENITENTIARY
Total_______________________ __________

$720, 201

636
Dozen _
Each _ _
Dozen...
Each _._
Dozen
Each___
Each___
Dozen.._
Pairs___
Each___
Each ...
Each___
Each___
Pounds.
Head
Pounds.

116

171
20

42

Bushels .
Tons
Tons
Bushels.
Bushels.
Head
Pounds.

2

273
Each _ _
Each
Each___
Each___
Each ___
Each ___
Each __.
Each
l^ach__

28
3,606
2
10
248
2,238
4,400
2,423
4,800
2,461
181
2,724
0
23

192
22,196
20
150
2,892
18,317
14, 239
23,471
3,600
19,165
2,021
3,645
1,765
170,786

28
3,606
2
10
248
2,238
4,400
2,423
4,800
2,461
181
2,724
0

192
22,196
20
150
2,892
18, 317
14,239
23,471
3,600
19,165
2,021
3,645
1,765

6,819
11
775,110

804
1,224
16, 278

6,819
11
775,110

804
1,224
16, 278

516
324
156
4,472
1,481
0

246
1,335
1,370
2,523
1,040
5,027

516
324
156
4,472
1,481
0

246
1, 335
1,370
2, 523
1,040
5,027

340
98,686
0
’

4,080
8,359
280

340
98,686
0

4,080
8,359
280

13,448
13,805
13, 201
11,177
113,064
5,208
13,674
135,159
7, 714
7,878
41,560

12,325
498
1, 256
621
40,829
2,021
1,953
0
585
7.684
ri

13,448
13,805
13, 201
11,177
113,064
5,208
13,674
135,159
7,714
7,878
41,560

12,325
498
1,256
621
40,829
2,021
1,953
0
585
7,684
0

$170, 786

$549,415

23

170, 786

APPENDIX A— G E N E R A L TABLES

Clothing_________________________________
Aprons__________________________ _
Coats, dress___________________ ___ . _
Coats^ work______ ____ ______ _ _ . _
Dresses_____________________ _ ____
Overalls_ _____________ _
_
‘_____ _ __
Overcoats_______ ______ _______ _____
Pants, dress ___ _____________ _______
Pantsj work_ _
_
________________ _
Shoes repaired________________________
S uits...!_____ _______ ______________
Uniforms____________________________
Vests, men’s___________ ____ ________ .
Miscellaneous ______ _____ ____ ____ _ _
Construction: Buildings.___________ _____ _
Farm: Dairy_____
. . . ______________ .
Beef, dressed.______________________
Cattle_____ __ __ ______________ .
Milk, whole ___ _ _ _____________
Farm: Field crops and garden._ . . . _____
Corn, field__________________ ______
Ensilage__________________ .__ _ ._
Hay________________________ ______
Potatoes___________ ____ __ ________
Wheat_______________ ___ ___________
Miscellaneous____ _______ _________
Farm: Hogs______________________________
Hogs. __ __ ___________ __ ..........
Pork, dressed.._ _________ _________
Miscellaneous. __ ______ _ _________
Furniture: Metal________________ _
___
Baskets, waste_____________ _____ _
Beds______ _____________ _____ . . .
Bookcases___________________ __ ___
Cabinets__________________________
Cases, transfer____ _
___________ .
Chairs__ ___________________________
Lockers___ _________________________ _
Shelving__________________ ___ ___ ___
Tables
_ _ ___________ _ ______
Trays, food __ _ _________________
Miscellaneous_________ _______________
See footnotes at end of table.




fcO
Oi

276

T a b l e B.— K in d , quantity , and value o f articles produced in F ederal p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , anc? institution — Continued
P E N N S Y L V A N IA —Continued

Unit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

u. s. penitentiary—continued
Metal products: Tags, highway markers, and
signs.
Auto license tags______________________ Each___
Metal products' Miscellaneous_____________
Textile products_______________ ____ _____ Bags, cloth ______________
____
Dozen...
Miscellaneous___________ _________ . . .
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits Cases...
and vegetables.

5
4

25,157
0)

$6,792
5,161

25,157
0)

$6,792
5,161

3

83
0)
4,785

400
47
6,888

83
0)
4,785

400
47
6,888

(2
)

TE X A S
FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION
Total..

. .

78
82

$75,251

165




Tons .. .
Tons ..
Bushels.
Head_
_
Pounds.
•Dozen..
Pounds
Cases...

3
1
1

$34,447

40,804

0)

$40,804
0)

317
257
747

317
257
747

0)

3,798
3,855
432
4, 779

0)

3,798
3,855
432
4, 779

211
63,489

4,908
6,349

211
63,489

4,908
6,349

5,807
5,207
2,788

1, 742
1,302
7,282

5,807
5,207
2,788

1, 742
1,302
7,282

40,804

Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

1940

__________________________

Construction: Buildings__________________
Farm: Field crops and garden______________
Ensilage
______ _____ ______________
_______ ____________________
Hay
Potatoes ____________________________
Miscellaneous________________________
Farm: Hogs........ .............................................
Hogs___ ____________ ____ _______ ___
Pork, dressed_______________________ .
Farm: Poultry and poultry products............_
Eggs. _______________________________
_____ _____
Poultry dressed .
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

State account

P R I S O N L A B O R IN T H E U N I T E D STATES,

Institution and articles produced

Quantity and value of articles produced under each system

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

V IR G IN IA
FEDERAL REFORMATORY
Total____________________________________

245

Pounds.
Head.. _
Pounds.
Bushels .
Bushels.
Tons___
Tons___
Tons___
Bushels.
Bushels .
Bushels.
Bushels .
Tons. —

155
15

67

6
Head.
Pounds.
Cases.. .

2

$132, 290
0)

$35, 710

96,580

$96,580
96,580

0)

9,176
39
426,455
0)

1,162
1,170
8,263
49

9,176
39
426,455
0)

1,162
1,170
8,263
49

1,872
6,686
165
76
212
2,729
810
1,716
618
72
0)

715
3,978
779
151
1,687
772
741
1,210
250
303
3,033

1,872
6,686
165
76
212
2, 729
810
1,716
618
72
0)

715
3,978
779
151
1,687
772
741
1, 210
250
303
3,033

365
50,843
2,403

2, 555
5,155
3,737

365
50,843
2,403

2,555
5,155
3,737

W A S H IN G T O N
U. S. PENITENTIARY
Total________________________
Clothing_____________________
Aprons___________ ______ _
Coats, work_______ _______
Hats and caps____________
Overalls__________________
Pajamas and nightgowns___
Pants, work_______________
Shirts, work_______________
Shoes, repaired____________
Underwear, men’s and boys’
Miscellaneous_____________
Construction: Buildings_______
See footnotes a t end of table.




$215,008

356
11

t
Dozen..
i
DozenDozen..
L__
Dozen.. . ..........
Dozen..
Dozen- —
Dozen..
Pairs..
DozenEach—.

133

66
31
189
26
8
215
171
5,882
543
0)
14

452
346
530
429
145
2, 237
1,741
2,353
2,865
297
102,475

$70, 561
66
31
189
26
8
215
171
5,882
543
0)

$144,447

452
346
530
429
145
2, 237
1,741
2, 353
2,865
297
14

APPENDIX A— G E N E R A L TABLES

Construction: Buildings................................
Farm: Cattle__________________ _________
Beef, dressed_______________ _____ ____
Cattle_________ _____ ______ _____ _____
Milk, whole________________ ___ ____
Miscellaneous________ _______ _______
Farm: Field crops and garden. __________
Barley_______________________________
Corn, field__________ _______________
Ensilage. ___________________ _____ _
Fodder____ _________________________
Hay. ______________________ ___ _____
Oats________ _______________ _________
Peanuts_________________ __________
Potatoes...................................................
Rye______________
_____________
Straw.......................................................
Miscellaneous_____ ______ ___ ______ _
Farm: Hogs _ . ________________________
Hogs._______________________________
Pork, d re s se d ...________ ________ . ..
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

102,475
fcO

B.— K in d ,

278-

T able

qu antity, and value o f articles produced in F ederal p riso n s, 1 9 4 0 , b y State, system , and institution — Continued

W A SH IN G TO N —C ontinued
Quantity and v&lue of articles produced under each system

AverUnit

Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

Quantity

Value

u. s. penitentiary—continued
Construction: Major repairs to buildings
Construction: Major repairs to roads__
Construction: Roads, new . _ _________ . M iles...
Construction: Miscellaneous._ __ _______ .
Farm: Dairy__________________ _____ _
Beef, dressed.._____________________
Pounds.
Cattle___
Head
Milk, whole_________ _____________
Pounds.
Farm: Field crops and garden _
Miscellaneous.
Farm: Hogs___
Hogs_____
Head
Pork, dressed
Pounds.
Farm: Poultry and poultry products___
Eggs_____________ ____________
Dozen .
Poultry, dressed___ _____
Pounds.
Poultry, live.
Head
Furniture: Other than metal or wood
Repairs____
Printing and binding: Miscellaneous
;Textile products......................
Bags, cloth____
Dozen...
Pillowcases_
_
Dozen
Sheets. ..........
Dozen
Towels._ . . .
Dozen
Miscellaneous. __
Other manufactured products____
Canned fruits and vegetables
Cases
D o..........




42
6
14
10
10

110
4
2

1

$28,936
3,750
6,250
3,036

10,019
21
560,800

1,150
3,592
11,795

0)
0)

0)

13,127

0)

5

0)
10,019
21
560,800

$1,150
3,592
11,795
13,127

0)

274
67,697

3,356
5,734

274
67,697

3,356
5,734

17,076
3,267
918

3,910
424
1,157

17,076
3,267
918

3,910
424
1,157

3
4
2

0)
0)

975
4,000

8

975
4,000

8

7
152
239
461

0)

7
152
239
461

0)

27
457
1,895
911
161

27
457
1,895
911
161

3,184
(>)

6,045
450

3,184
(>)

6,045
450

1

$28,936
3,750
6,250
3,036

State account
Quantity

Value

Piece price
Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATE'S, 1940

Institution and articles produced

num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

W EST V IR G IN IA
ALL INSTITUTIONS
Total_____ ____________ ______________
Dozen
Each
Dozen. _.
Each ...
Dozen...
Dozen
Dozen __
D ozen- —
Pairs.—
Dozen __
Dozen...
Each___
Miles.. .
Head_
_
Pounds.
Head_
_
Pounds.

141

38
75
13
24
5
6
20

Each ..
Each ..
Dozen _.
Dozen
Each
Dozen
5

FEDERAL PRISON CAM
P
Total________________ ________________
Construction: Buildings________ ______
Construction: R o a d s •
___________________

$307,653

327.
350
227
34
3,440
1,221
54
4,755
12,718
52
7,684
375
0)
5
(0

2,000
919
319
4, 938
2,304
810
30,303
117,831
14
25, 773
1,905
980
11, 750
57,000

39
358,135

1,484
9,958

19
358,135

141
9,203

2,867
1,154
460

(V
9,203

2,867
1,154
460

115
16,744
53
35
36
301
(9
(9

1,825
29, 354
131
329
88
601
1, 356
1,200

115
16,744
53
35
36
301
(9
(9

38
75

$45

$68, 750

1,439
9,958

1,825
29,354
131
329
88
601
1, 356
1,200

(9

113
Each___

$238,858
350
227
34
3,440
1,221
K
A

4,755
12,718
52
7,684
375
(9

2,000
919
319
4,938
2,304
810
30, 303
117,831
14
25, 773
1,905
980
5
(9

20

(9

45

68, 750

68, 750
5

11, 750
57,000

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

Clothing___ ___________________________
Aprons________________________
_
Coats, dress_____________ _________
Coats, work___________________ ______
Dresses___ _______ _____ __ ___ _ ___
Hats and caps-_______ - ____ ______ _ __
Overalls. . 1___________ __ __________
Pajamas and nightgowns______________
Shirts, work___________
_
______
Shoes, new___________________________
Underwear, men’s and boys'_____ _
Underwear, women’s and children’s _ _ .
Miscellaneous_____________ _______ _ .
Construction: Buildings______________ ____
Construction: Roads______________________
____
Farm: Dairy___ _______
Cattle.._ _______ ________________ _
Milk, whole________________________ .
Farm: Field crops and garden____
_____
Miscellaneous.. . . . _____ ___________
Farm: Hogs__________________________ .
Laundry, commercial._________ _ __ ___
Textile products______ ______________ _
Flags______________________________
Parachutes, meteorological__________
Pillowcases____ ____________ _____
Sheets____ _____ . . . _________ . . . .
Spreads_____________________ ______
Towels_______
__ _______________
Miscellaneous..
.
_ _ _ _ _ _
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

5

11, 750
57, 000

0)

11, 750
57, 000

FEDERAL REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN
Total____________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




214

238, 903

238,858

45

to

<1

C
O

280

T able B.— K in d , quantity , and value o f articles produced in F ederal p riso n s , 1 9 4 0 , fry State, system , and institution —Continued
W EST V IR G IN IA — C on tin ued

FEDERAL REFORMATORY FOR WOMEN—
continued
Clothing
_ ________ ____
____________________ Aprons
______________________
Coats, dress..
Coats, work.. ____________________ .
Dresses . . ______________________
Hats and caps _______________________
Overalls
. ______________________
Pajamas and nightgowns ___ ____ _ _.
Shirts, work
______ _______ ____
Shoes, new (slippers)_________________
Underwear, men’s and boys’ ___________
Underwear, women’s and children’s____
Miscellaneous
.. ____________ ____
Farm: Dairy
. ______________________
Cattle
.
_____________________
Milk, whole
Farm* Field crops and garden
M iseellaneons
_____________________
Farm: Hogs
.
Laundry, commercial
Textile products
Flags
Parachutes, meteorological__________
Pillowcases
_______ __
Sheets
_ __ ___ ___ __
Spreads
_ _________ ___ ___
Towels
Miscellaneous
Other manufactured products: Canned fruits
and vegetables.

Unit

Dozen _.
Each___
Dozen. _.
Each___
Dozen...
Dozen...
Dozen
Dozen __
Pairs___ —
Dozen _.
Dozen__
Head ..
Pounds.
Head_
_
Pounds.
Each
Each
Dozen ..
Dozen _
Each . .
Dozen

141

13

5

1 Enumeration impracticable.
2 Requiring less than the full-time work of 1 prisoner for a year.
310-percent complete.




Public works and
ways

State use
Quantity

Value

350
227
34
3,440
1,221
54
4,755
12, 718
52
7,684
375
0)

$2,000
919
319
4,938
2,304
810
30,303
117,831
14
25, 773
1,905
980

350
227
34
3,440
1,221
54
4, 755
12, 718
52
7,684
375
0)

39
358,135

1,484
9,958

19
358,135

1,439
9, 958

Quantity

Value

State account
Quantity

Piece price

Value

$2,000
919
319
4, 938
2, 304
810
30,303
117,831
14
25, 773
1,905
980

24
5
6
20

Quantity and value of articles produced undpr each system

0)

141
9,203

115
16, 774
53
35
36
301

8

2,867
1,154
460
1,825
29,354
131
329
88
601
1,356
1,200

141
9, 203

2,867
1,154
460

115
16, 774
53
35
36
301
0)
0)

1,825
29,354
131
329
88
601
1, 356
1,200

0)

20

$45

Quantity

Value

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED -STATES, 1940

Institution and articles produced

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Total
pris­
oners
em­
ployed Quantity
Value

A ppen dix B
In dex o f Item s Produced in State and Federal P risons

An index of the products of State and Federal prisons, showing
both the “ type of production” and the subheading under which arti­
cles have been classified in the tables, is shown in the following table:
In d ex o f P rod u cts o f State and F ederal in stitu tion s

Included under—
Article produced, service,
or operation

Subheading

A dditions (to buildings)___ Alterations and installations- Agricultural implements___ Agricultural implements_____
Agricultural-implement parts Agricultural-implement parts _
Alterations and installations. Alterations and installations. _

Type of production
Construction: Major repairs to build­
ings.
Agricultural implements.
Do.
Construction: Major repairs to build­
ings.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Do.
Clothing, other than knit.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Metal products: Tags, highway
markers, and signs.
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing).
Textile products.

Aluminum castings________
Aluminum ware___________
Aprons___________________
Auto chains_______________
Auto-license tags__________

Castings______________ _____
Aluminum ware____________
Aprons_____________________
Miscellaneous metal products Auto-license tags____________

Autos, repaired and painted
Awnings__________________

Repairs____________________
Miscellaneous textile products.

B acon (produced in abat­
toir).
Bacon (produced on farm). . _
Bags, cloth________________
Bags, jute or burlap_______
Bags, leather---------------------

Miscellaneous................................. .

Other manufactured products.

Miscellaneous farm.......... .......... ......
Bags, cloth_______________________
___do___________________________
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Bakery products, commercial______

Farm: Hogs.
Textile products.
Do.
Other manufactured products.

Bakery products, commer­
cial.
Bandages_________________
Barley____________________
Baskets, fruit or vegetable.._
Baskets, other than fruit or
vegetable.
Bathrobes_________________
Beds, metal_______________
Beds, wood_______________
Bedsprings________________
Beef, dressed (from abbatoir).
Beef, dressed (from beef
cattle).
Beef, dressed (from dairy
cattle).
Beetle traps_______________
Beets, sugar or stock_______
Belts, cloth_______________
Benches, other than work__
Benches, work (metal)_____
Benches, work (wood)_____
Binder twine______________
Binders, farm_____________
Binders, loose-leaf_________
Blanketing, wool__________
Blankets__________________
Blocks, cinder or concrete.
Bloomers_________________
Blouses, boys’_____________
Blouses, middy___ ____ ___
Bookbinding______________
Bookcases, metal__________
Bookcases, wood__________
Bookends, metal__________
Books, blank__________ ___
Books, rebound___________
Boundary markers________

408102°—42-




Bakery products, commercial.

Miscellaneous textile products_____ Textile products.
Miscellaneous farm_______________ Farm: Field crops and garden.
Baskets__________________________ Wood products.
___ do------------------ ------------ ----------Miscellaneous clothing____________
Beds________________________ ____
___ do___________________________
Miscellaneous furniture___________
Beef, dressed_____________________
___ do........ ..................... .................

Clothing, other than knit.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Furniture, metal.
Other manufactured products.
Farm: Cattle.

___ do................................................ . Farm: Dairy.
Miscellaneous metal products______
Miscellaneous farm_______________
Miscellaneous clothing____________
Benches__________________________
Miscellaneous furniture___________
___ do___________________________
Binder twine_____________________
Agricultural implements__________
Miscellaneous printing and binding.
Wool yard goods__________________
Blankets_________________________
Concrete blocks___________________
Underwear, women’s and children’s.
Shirts, dress______________________
Miscellaneous clothing____________
Bookbinding and blank books_____
Miscellaneous furniture___________
___ do_____________________ ____ _
Miscellaneous metal products______
Bookbinding and blank books_____
___ do___________________________
Concrete posts................................

19

Metal products, miscellaneous.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Clothing, other than knit.
Furniture, wood.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Cordage, including binder twine. »
Agricultural implements and parts.
Printing and binding.
Textiles.
Do.
Clay, cement, and stone products.
Clothing other than knit.
Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Printing and binding.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Metal products, miscellaneous,
printing and binding.
Do.
Clay, cement, and stone products.
281

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATE'S,

282

19 40

In d ex o f P rod u cts o f State and F ederal In stitu tio n s — Continued

Included under—

Article produced, service,
or operation
Subheading
Boxes, paper----Boxes, sheet-iron.
Boxes, wood-----Bran__________
Brass castings.. .
Bread_________
Breakfast foods..
Breakfast sets.—
Brick__________
Broom corn-----Brooms________
Brushes________
Buckets, tin____
Buckwheat_____
Buffets_________
Buildings---------Bureaus, metal..
Bureaus, w o o d ..
Butter_________
Buttermilk..........
Cabinets metal___________
Cabinets, wood-----------------Calves (from beef cattle)----Calves (from dairy cattle) - Canned fruits and vegeta­
bles.
Canning, labor only---------Cans, galvanized---------------Cans, refuse---------------------Cans, tin_________________
Canvas----------------------------Caps_____________________
Cards and tags printed-----Cartons------------- ----------Cases,.exhibition (metal)----Cases, exhibition (wood)----Cases, filing (metal)-----------Cases, filing (wood)________
Caskets or rough boxes------Cast-iron articles, not else­
where classified.
Castings, other than iron---Cattle, beef-----------------------Cattle, dairy---------------------C em ent-..............................Cereals---- -----------------------Chairs, caned-------------------Chairs, metal--------------------Chairs repaired, metal-------Chairs repaired, wood--------Chairs, upholstered-----------Chairs, wood--------------------Chaise longues------------------Chambray------------------------Cheese____________________
Chests of drawers, metal----Chests of drawers, wood-----Chiffoniers, metal-------------Chiffoniers, wood - ......... ......
Chops (feed)---------------------Cleaning compound-----------Cloth, cleaning and polish­
ing.
Clothes, baby, miscella­
neous.
Clothing, cleaned andpressed.
Clothing, miscellaneous-----C lothing, m iscellaneous
labor.
Clothing repaired--------------Clothing and textile prod­
ucts repaired and pressed.
Cloths, miscellaneous............




Type of production

Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Miscellaneous metal products_____
Boxes___________________________
Grain-mill products______________
Castings_______________________
Bakery products, commercial______
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Miscellaneous furniture___________
Brick and building tile__________
Miscellaneous farm_____ ____ _____
Brooms________________________
Brushes__________________________
Tinware______________ __________
Miscellaneous farm_______________
Miscellaneous furniture___________
Buildings________________________
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc---------------___ do_________________ ____ _____
Miscellaneous dairy______________
. . . - d o ______________ 1.............. -

Furniture, wood.
Clay, cement, and stone products.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Brooms, brushes, and mops.
Do.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Furniture, wood.
Construction, buildings.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Farm: Dairy.
Do.

Miscellaneous furniture___________
____do____________________________
Cattle___________________________
____do___________________________•
Canned fruits and vegetables----------

Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Farm: Cattle.
Farm: Dairy.
Other manufactured products.

Labor only_______________________
Galvanized ware__________________
____do___________________________
Tinware_________________________
Duck and canvas......... ........... .........
Hats and caps______________ i ____
Miscellaneous printing and binding.
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Miscellaneous furniture___________
___ do___________________________
___ do___________________________
____do___________________________
Miscellaneous lumber and timber
products.
Castings--------------------------------------

Do.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Do.
Do.
Textiles.
Clothing, other than knit.
Printing and binding.
Other manufactured products.

____do___________________________
Cattle___________________________
____do___________________________
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
____do____________________________
Repairs__________________________
Chairs___________________________
Repairs--------------------------------------____do___________________________
Chairs, upholstered----------------------Chairs___________________________
Davenports, sofas, etc------------------Cotton yard goods, light---------------Miscellaneous dairy---------------------Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc----------------___ do___________________________
___ do____________________________
____do___________________________
Grain-mill products_______________
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Cotton yard goods, light----------------

Do.
Farm: Cattle.
Farm: Dairy.
Other manufactured products.

Miscellaneous clothing------ ------ -----

Other manufactured products.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Wood products.
Grain-mill products.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Bakery products, commercial.
Grain-mill products.

Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Wood products.
Metal products, miscellaneous.

Grain-mill products.
Furniture, wood.
Furniture, metal.
Do.
Furniture, wood.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Textiles.
Farm: Dairy.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Grain-mill products.
Soap and other detergents.
Textiles.
Clothing, other than knit.

Labor only______________ _____ _
Miscellaneous clothing-----------------Labor only.........................................

Do.

____do_____________________ ______
____do____________________ _______

Do.

Miscellaneous textile products.........

Do.

Textile products.

283

APPENDIX B---- INDEX OF ITEMS
In d ex o f P roducts o f State and F ederal In stitu tion s —Continued

Article produced, service,
or operation

Included under—
Subheading

Clover seed_____________ _
C o a l_____________________
Coats, children’s___________
Coats, dress. . ____________
Coats, women’s ______. . .
Coats, work__ _______
Coffee, roasted____________
Coffins or rough boxes. - ___

Type of production

Miscellaneous farm _ __ ____
Coal.............................................
Coats, dress_____ _______________
__ __do____________
Overcoats_______________ ___ ..
Coats, work
.
Coffee, roasted______ ________
Miscellaneous lumber and timber
products.
Collar and cuff sets, cloth___ Miscellaneous clothing____________
Collars_______
. _
____do _. . . .
_
Concrete articles, miscella- Miscellaneous clay, cement, and
neous.
stone products.
Construction, not elsewhere New, other than buildings and roads.
classified.
Cordage, other than binder Rope_______________ _____ ______ _
twine.
Corn, field_________ ___
Corn, field.. .
_______ _____ .
Corn meal_______ ________ Grain-mill products..... ........... .........
Costumers, metal
Miscellaneous furniture __ __
Costumers^ wood_____. . . . ____do_____________ ______ _____
Cots, metal__________ ____ Beds_____________________ _______
Cotton.. .................
Cotton . . . . .................. .......... .
Cottonseed______ _______________
Cottonseed______________
Grain-mill products_______________
Cottonseed m eal______ .
Cotton yard goods, heavy_________
Cotton yard goods, heavy...
Cotton yard goods, light .. _ Cotton yard goods, light__________
Cotton yard goods^ heavy. ____ .
Cottonade.. " .
.
Millwork____
. ___' ............
Counters, wood____
Overalls_________ _______________
Coveralls._______________
Covers, furniture________
Miscellaneous textile products_____
.. ..d o ______ _____A ....................
Covers, mattress
____do_________________ ____ _____
Covers, miscellaneous ..
. .. .do___________________ ____ ___
Covers, table______ ____
Cream. ______
Miscellaneous dairy____ _________
Cultivators______ . ___
Agricultural implements_____ . . . .
Roads .. . . . _____________________
Culverts_____
Miscellaneous furniture ...................
Cupboards, wood
Tinware___ _
___________ _ . .
Cups, tin
Curtains. ___ ____ _
Miscellaneous textile products_____
Pillows___ ________ .. _________
Cushions .. ..
Cuspidors________________ Miscellaneous metal products..........

Farm: Field crops and garden.
Grain-mill products.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Furniture, metal.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Do.
Grain-mill products.
Textiles.
Do.
Do.
Wood products.
Clothing, other than knit.
Textile products.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Farm: Dairy.
Agricultural implements and parts.
Construction: Roads.
Furniture, wood.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Textile products.
Furniture, other than metal or wood.
Metal products, miscellaneous.

D airy products, miscellane- Miscellaneous dairy_______ _______

Farm: Dairy.

Davenports__
Dehydrated fruit or vege­
tables.
Denim__ ____
Deodorants________ ______

Farm: Field crops and garden.
Mining.
Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Other manufactured products.
Wood products.
Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Clay, cement, and stone products.
Construction: Miscellaneous.
Cordage.

Davenports, sofas, etc .. . ______ Furniture, wood.
Canned fruits and vegetables........... Other manufactured products.
Cotton yard goods, light__________
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Miscellaneous furniture. _________

Desk and chair combina­
tions, wood.
Desks_____ . ____ _____ ______
Desks, metal ..
. ..do .
...
. _________ .
Desks, wood
Disinfectants-_____________ Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Miscellaneous textile products____
Diapers___________ ____
Drawers, other than knit___ Underwear, men’s and boys’ ____ _
Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc.. ______ _
Dressers, metal_____ ___
___d o ___________________________
Dressers, wood
Dresses, except house or in­ Dresses....................................... ........
mate.
____do_____ . . . ______ __________
Dresses, house or inmate
Dresses, infants’ or childrens ’ _ Miscellaneous clothing............. ......
Duck
Duck and canvas____________ ___ :

Textiles.
Other manufactured products.
Furniture, wood.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Other manufactured products.
Textile products.
Clothing, other than knit.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Do.
Textiles.

Eggs . _
_
Electricity_________ _ .
Enamel.
Ensilage _. .
Envelopes.........................

Miscellaneous farm_____ _____ ___
Miscellaneous manufactured products.
Paint.. ______ _ ______ _______
Miscellaneous fa rm ._____________
Envelopes-___ . . ___________

Farm: Poultry and poultry products.
Other manufactured products.
Paint.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Printing and binding.

Farm hands hired out__ _
Farm products, miscellaneous.
Feed, mill________
Feed, poultry.
Feed, stock
Fence, snow_________ __ .
Fiber articles______________

Farm hands hired out. ..
. _ ...
Miscellaneous farm_________ ____
Grain-mill products___ . _ _. ..
. do
___
______ ____ - .
do
.
.
Miscellaneous manufactured products
Fiber articles______ _____________

Farm: Miscellaneous.
Under appropriate type of farm.
Grain-mill products.
Do.
Do.
Other manufactured products.
Furniture, wood.




284

(PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATES, 1940
In d ex o f P rodu cts o f State and F ederal In stitu tion s —Continued

Included under—

Article produced, service,
or operation
Subheading

Type of production

Filing cases, metal____ ____ Miscellaneous furniture
Filing cases^ wood______ _ ____do_____________
Fish "fresh ___________ _ _ Sea food__
________
__ __ _
Flags_____________________ Flags.......................... ...................
Flagstone______________
_ Stone4 building ...
Flax fiber____ __________
Flax products. _
Flaxseed_ __________
_
____do__________
Flax tow______________ __ ____do_____
Flour______
____ ____ _ Grain-mill products
Flux (limestone)__________
Stone, crushed
Fodder___________ _____ Miscellaneous farm___
_
___
Folders, index cards, etc____ Miscellaneous printing and binding..
Foot stools.. _ ___________
Miscellaneous furniture
Foundry articles, miscella- Miscellaneous metal products______
neous.
Fresh fruit___ ____________ Miscellaneous farm.
Furniture, miscellaneous Miscellaneous furniture................. ...
(metal).
Furniture, miscellaneous ____ do____________________ _______
(wood).
Furniture repairs (metal)___ Repairs__________________________
Furniture repairs (wood)___ ____do________________ ____ ______

Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Miscellaneous (nonmanufacturing).
Textile products.
Quarrying and rock crushing.
Other manufactured products.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Other manufactured products.
Grain-mill products.
Quarrying and rock crushing.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Printing and binding.
Furniture, wood.
Metal products, miscellaneous.

G alvanized ware__________
Gleaning cylinders for hay
loaders.
____ _____
Gloves_____
Gowns, dressing.. _
______
Gowns, hospital_______
.
Grading.. T__ _______ ____
Grates___ _____ _ _ ___
Gravel____________________

Galvanized ware
Agricultural-implement parts______

Metal products, miscellaneous.
Agricultural implements and parts.

Gloves and mittens
Miscellaneous clothing
__
Pajamas and nightgowns__________
Land development
Castings _
Miscellaneous clay, cement, and
stone products.
Grain-mill products_________ ____

Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Do.
Construction: Land development.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Quarrying and rock crushing.

Grits_______ _____________
H am pers, wicker. . . . _
Hams, bologna, etc. (produced
in abattoir).
Hams, bologna, etc. (produced
on farm).
Handkerchiefs._____ _
Handles—brush, broom and
mop.
Harness. _ ________________
Harness repairs_________
Hats, straw______________
Hay___ _____________ __
Hay loaders ____________
Hickory cloth_____________
Hides, cured or raw_______
Highway markers_________
Highway signs____________
Hogs .. _ _ ............ ...........
Horses
Hosiery___________________
Ice............ .............................
Ink_________ _________ _
Iron hollow ware__________
Ironware, sheet_____ _____ _
Insecticides_______________
Jackets, lumber___________
Jackets, welding___________
Jackets, women’s bed______
Jumpers _______________

Farm: Field crops and garden.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.

Grain-mill products.

Baskets_____
_______ _
. . . Wood products.
Miscellaneous. _ ____ ____ ____ _ Other manufactured products.
Miscellaneous farm .............. ............

Farm: Hogs.

Handkerchiefs.. _ .
Miscellaneous lumber and timber
products.
Harness._____ _____
__ ____
Repairs__________
Hats and caps___________________
Hay
Agricultural implements
Cotton yard goods, light__________
Miscellaneous farm.........................

Clothing, other than knit.
Wood products.

Other manufactured products.
Do.
Clothing, other than knit.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Agricultural implements and parts.
Textiles.
Under appropriate type of produc­
tion.
Highway markers_________________ Metal products: Tags, highway
markers, and signs.
Do.
. __do___________________ ____ ___
Hogs___________ ________________ Farm: Hogs.
Miscellaneous livestock
Farm: Miscellaneous.
Clothing, knit.
Hosiery_____ _
__
___
___
Miscellanous manufactured products.. Other manufactured products.
Do.
do_______________________ . . .
Iron hollow ware
__ __ _ Metal products, miscellaneous.
Do.
Miscellaneous metal products. ___
Miscellaneous manufactured products. Other manufactured products.
Coats, work______________________
____do ... _ _ _____________ __
Miscellaneous clothing___________
Coats, work
________________ _

Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Do.
Do.

K h a k i cloth_____________
Kimonos . _____________
Knickers, boys____________
Knives ________ -__ ______

Cotton vard goods, light
Textiles.
Miscellaneous clothing
_______ _ Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Pants ____ .
.. ___________
Miscellaneous metal products
___ Metal products, miscellaneous.

Labor only_______________

M is c e lla n e o u s la b o r o n ly

Lambs
_. . ________
Land improvement________




Under appropriate type of produc­
tion.
Miscellaneous livestock
_______ Farm: Miscellaneous.
Land development___ __________ Construction: Land development.

285

APPENDIX B----INDEX OF ITEMS
In d ex o f P roducts o f State and F ederal In stitu tion s — Continued

Article produced, service,
or operation

Lard (produced in abbatoir) _
Lard (produced on farm)___
Laundry, commercial______
Layettes, infants__________
Leather articles, miscellane­
ous.
Leather, finished or tanned..
Leggings, other___________
Letterheads_______________
Lime, agricultural_________
Lime, ground_____________
Lockers, metal___ _________
Lockers, wood.____________
Lumber............................. ..

Included under—
Subheading
Miscellaneous____________________
Miscellaneous farm_______________
Laundry, commercial_____________
Miscellaneous clothing____________
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
___ do________________________
Miscellaneous clothing____________
Letterheads_____________________
Lime and agricultural limestone___
___ do___________________________
Miscellaneous furniture___________
___ do___________________________
Lumber_________________________

Type of production
Other manufactured products.
Farm: Hogs.
Laundry, commercial.
Clothing, other than knit.
Other manufactured products.
Do.
Clothing, other than knit.
Printing and binding.
Quarrying and rock crushing.
Do
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Wood products.

M ackinaw s_____________ Overcoats______________ __________
Mail pouches or sacks_____ Bags, cloth_______________________
Mangels__________________ Miscellaneous farm_______________
Manhole covers and rings_
_ Castings_________________________
Manure__________________ Miscellaneous farm_______________
Masks, operating__________ Miscellaneous textile products_____
Mats, fiber________________ ___ do___________________________
Mats, rubber (old tires)____ Miscellaneous manufactured prod-

Clothing, other than knit.
Textile products.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Under appropriate type of farm.
Textile products.
Do.
Other manufactured products.

Mats, textile (including rag) _
Mattresses________________
Mattresses renovated______
Metal articles, miscellaneous.
Milk, skimmed____________
Milk, whole_______________
Millwork_________________
Mirrors___________________
Miscellaneous manufactured
articles.
Mittens__________________
Molasses (produced on farm).
Molasses (produced in sugar
mill).
Monuments. _____________

Textile products.
Furniture, other than metal or wood
Do.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Farm: Dairy.
Do.
Wood products.
Furniture, wood.
Other manufactured products.

Miscellaneous textile products_
_
Mattresses______________________
Repairs_________________________
Miscellaneous metal products____
Miscellaneous dairy_____________
Milk, whole____________________
Millwork_______________________
Miscellaneous furniture_________
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Gloves and mittens______________
Miscellaneous farm_____________
___do________________________

Clothing, other than knit.
Farm: Miscellaneous.
Sugar.
Clay, cement, and stone products.

Miscellaneous clay, cement, and
stone products.
Mopheads________________ Mops___________________________
Mops_____________________ ___ d o __________________________
Mowers__________________ Agricultural implements__________
Muslin_____ ______ _______ Cotton yard goods, light__________

Textile products.
Brooms, brushes, and mops.
Agricultural implements and parts.
Textiles.

N apkins_______________
Neckties__________________
Nightgowns and nightshirts.
Nightgowns, infants_______
Nursery stock________ ^___

Miscellaneous textile products.
Miscellaneous clothing_______
Pajamas and nightgowns____
Miscellaneous clothing_______
Miscellaneous farm_____ ____

Textile products.
Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Do.
Farm: Miscellaneous.

O ats___________
Ottomans________
Overalls__________
Overalls, children’s.
Overcoating______
Overcoats________

___ do_______________
Miscellaneous furniture.
Overalls_____________
Children’s playsuits___
Wool yard goods______
Overcoats____________

Farm: Field crops and garden.
Furniture, wood.
Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Textiles.
Clothing, other than knit.

Pads, bed protector.
Pads, cot__________
Pads, silence______
Pails, tin__________
Paint_____________
Pamphlets________
Pajamas__________
Pans, tin_________
Pants, dress_______
Pants, work_______
Peanuts__________
Pedestals_________
Petticoats________
Pigs______________
Pillowcases_______
Pillows___________
Pillows, renovated..
Pipe, concrete_____
Ply goods................

Miscellaneous textile products_____
Mattresses_______________________
Miscellaneous textile products_____
Tinware_________________________
Paint____________________________
Miscellaneous printing and binding.
Pajamas and nightgowns__________
Tinware_________________________
Pants____________________________
----- do____________________________
Miscellaneous farm_______________
Miscellaneous furniture___________
Underwear, women’s and children’s_
Hogs------------------------: -----------------Pillowcases_______________________
Pillows_ ______ _________________
_
Repairs__________________________
Concrete pipe____________________
Rope........ ......................................... .

Textile products.
Furniture other than metal or wood.
Textile products.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Paint.
Printing and binding.
Clothing, other than knit.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Furniture, wood.
Clothing, other than knit.
Farm: Hogs.
Textile products.
Furniture, other than metal or wood.
Do.
Clay, cement, and stone products.
Cordage.




286

PRISON LABOR IN THEl UNITED STATES, 1 9 4 0
Index o f Products o f State and Federal Institutions— Continued
Included under—

Article produced, service,
or operation

Subheading

Polish, floor or furniture___ Miscellaneous manufactured pro­
ducts.
Polish, metal______________ ___ do___________________________
Pork, dressed (produced in Pork, dressed_____________ _______
abbatoir).
Pork, dressed (produced on ____do................ ......... ........... ...........
farm).
Posts, concrete------ ------------ Concrete posts___________________
Posts, wood------------- --------- Miscellaneous lumber and timber
products.
Potatoes, sweet____________ Potatoes_________________________
Potatoes, white____________ ----- do________________1---------------Poultry, dressed___________ Miscellaneous farm..........................

Type of production
Other manufactured products.

Farm: Hogs.
Clay, cement, and stone products.
Wood products.

Poultry, live_________
Powder, scouring_____
Printing, miscellaneous.

Farm: Field crops and garden.
Do.
Farm: Poultry and poultry pro­
ducts.
___ do.......... ...................... ................
Do.
Soap_____________________________ Soap and other detergents.
Miscellaneous printing and binding. Printing and binding.

Racks, iron...............
Rags________________
Rain capes---------------Rakes, delivery______
Rakes, dump________
Reforestation________
Repair and shop work.

Miscellaneous metal products .
Miscellaneous textile products.
Miscellaneous clothing______
Agricultural implements_____
___ do____________________ _
Land development..................
Repairs.....................................

Rice______ ____ —
Roads, new________
Roads, repaired-----Rompers, children’s
Rope_____________
Rugs, wool________
R ye------------- : -------

Miscellaneous farm.___ _____
Roads______________________
Roads repaired______________
Miscellaneous clothing_______
Rope_______________________
Miscellaneous textile products.
Miscellaneous farm........ .........

Salvaged products.

Repairs.

Sand---------- ---------------------- Miscellaneous clay, cement, and
Sanitaries-------------------------Sausage (produced in ab­
batoir).
Sausage (produced on farm).
Scarfs, dresser and table____
Scotched tow (flax)________
Scrapers, street broom_____
Settees-----------------------------Shades, window.__________
Sheep____________________
Sheet metal articles, miscel­
laneous.
Sheeting__________________
Sheets____________________
Sheets, drop, duck_________
Sheets, rubber_____________
Shelves, metal_____________
Shelves, w ood_____________
Shelving, metal:___________
Shelving, wood____________
Shipping cases_____________
Shirting---------- ----------------Shirts, dress_______________
Shirts, work______________
Shoes, new_______________
Shoes repaired____________
Signs, metal....................... .
Signs, repaired----------------Slaughtering (in abbatoir)...
Slaughtering (on farm)-------Slippers___________________
Slips______________________
Smocks___________________
Soap—bar, chips, and powder.
Soap, liquid_______________
Sofas-------------------------------Softeners, water.................




Metal products, miscellaneous.
Textile products..
Clothing, other than knit.
Agricultural implements and parts.
Do.
Construction: Land development.
Under appropriate type of pro­
duction.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Construction: Roads.
Construction: Major repairs to roads.
Clothing, other than knit.
Cordage.
Textile products..
Farm: Field crops and gardens.
Under appropriate type of pro­
duction.
Quarrying and rock crushing.

stone products.
Miscellaneous textile products_____ Textile products.
Miscellaneous______ ____________ Other manufactured products..

M iscellaneous f arm______ _______
Miscellaneous textile products_____
Flax products___ ______________
Miscellaneous metal products_____
Davenports, sofas, etc____________
Miscellaneous textile products____
Miscellaneous livestock__________
Miscellaneous metal products_____

Farm: Hogs.
Textile products.
Other manufactured products.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Furniture, wood.
Textile products.
Farm: Miscellaneous.
Metal products, miscellaneous.

Cotton yard goods, light_________
Sheets_________________________
Miscellaneous textile products_____
___ do_________________________
Miscellaneous metal products_____
Miscellaneous furniture__________
Miscellaneous metal products_____
Miscellaneous furniture__________
Boxes_________________________
Cotton yard goods, light_________
Shirts, dress____________________
Shirts, work____________________
Shoes, new_____________________
Shoes repaired__________________
Miscellaneous metal products_____

Textiles.
Textile products.
Do.
Do. •
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Wood products.
Textiles.
Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Metal products: Tags, highway
markers, and signs.
Do.
Other manufactured products.
Farm: Miscellaneous.
Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Do.
Soap and other detergents.
Do.
Funiture, wood.
Other manufactured products.

Repairs__________________________
Miscellaneous____________________
Miscellaneous farm_______________
Shoes, new_______________________
Underwear, women’s and children’s.
Aprons__________________________
Soap____________________________
___ do___________________________
Davenports, sofas, etc_____________
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.

APPENDIX A— GENERAL TABLES

287

Index o f Products o f State and Federal Institutions— Continued

Article produced, service,
or operation

Sorghum cane______________
Sprays, insect---------------------Spreads, bed_______________
Stains______________________
Stands, metal---------------------Stands, wood_______________
Steam______________ _______
Stepladders, wood_________
Stoker bars_________________
Stone, building (dressed)___
Stone, building (unfinished).
Stone, crushed______________
Stone, cut and dressed______
Stone, dimension___________
Stone products, not else­
where classified.
Stools, m etal..____ _________
Stools, wood_______________
Stoves, iron------------------------Straight jackets_____________
Straw______________________
Sugar________________ _____
Sugarcane___ _____ ________
Suiting, wool............. ..............
Suits_______ _____ _________
Suits, play_________________
Sweaters__________ ____ ___
Sweeping compound...........
Syrup (produced on farm )...
Syrup (produced in sugar
mill).

Tablecloths.......
Tables, metal____
Tables, wood____
Tags, auto-license.

Included under—
Subheading

Miscellaneous farm______________
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Spreads________________________
Paint__________________________
Miscellaneous furniture__________
___ do_________________________
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Miscellaneous lumber and timber
products.
Castings_______________________
Stone, building__________________
___ do_________________________
Stone, crushed__________________
Stone, building__________________
___ do_________________________
Miscellaneous clay, cement, and
stone products.
Miscellaneous furniture__________
----- do--------------------------------------Miscellaneous metal products_____
Miscellaneous textile products____
Miscellaneous farm______________
Sugar_______ __________________
Sugarcane______________________
Wool yard goods________________
Suits__________________________
Children’s playsuits_____________
Miscellaneous clothing___________
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Miscellaneous farm_ __________
_
___ do...... ....... ..............................

Farm: Field crops and garden.
Other manufactured products.

Miscellaneous textile products.
Tables_____________________
___ do______________________
Auto-license tags..................__

Textile products.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Metal products: Tags,
markers, and signs.
Do.
Farm: Miscellaneous.
Textiles.
Textile products.
Do.
Textiles.
Textile products.

Tags, miscellaneous________ Tags, miscellaneous_________
Tallow___________________ Miscellaneous farm ..:_______
Tape, cotton______________ Miscellaneous textiles_______
Tarpaulins_______________
Miscellaneous textile products.
Tents........... .............. ........... ___ do______________________
Terry cloth_______________ Cotton yard goods, light_____
Textile articles, miscellane- Miscellaneous textile products.
Cotton yard goods, light__________
Miscellaneous textile products_____
Brick and building tile__________
Miscellaneous clay, cement, and
stone products.
Tile roofing______________
- .do___________ _______________
Tinware______________
Tinware_______________ ____ _____
Tobacco (field crop)_______ Miscellaneous farm_______________
Tobacco, chewing......... ......
Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Tobacco, smoking_________ ----- do__________________________
Toweling_________________ Cotton yard goods, light....... ........
Towels_________________ . Towels__________________________
Toys____ ________________
Toys____________________________
Trees___________________
Miscellaneous farm______________
Trucks, post-office or laun­ Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
dry (canvas).
ucts.
Trucks, tongue__________
Agricultural implements_________
. -_.do__________________________
Trucks, transport_______
Tubing, knitted wrist_____
Miscellaneous clothing___________
Tubing, pillow____ _______
Cotton yard goods, light. . ________
Tubs, metal_____________
Galvanized ware________________
Turpentine............. ...........
Miscellaneous lumber and timber
products.
Twine_____ ____ _________ Rope____________________________
Ticking__________________
Ticks, bed or pillow_______
Tile, building___________
Tile, drain or sewer______

Type of production

Textile products.
Paint.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Other manufactured products.
Wood products.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Quarrying and rock crushing.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Clay, cement, and stone products.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Textile products.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Sugar.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Textiles.
Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Clothing, knit.
Other manufactured products.
Farm: Miscellaneous.
Sugar.

Textiles.
Textile products.
Clay, cement, and stone products.
Do.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Farm: Field crops and garden.
Other manufactured products.
Do.
Textiles.
Textile products.
Other manufactured products.
Farm: Miscellaneous.
Other manufactured products.
Agricultural implements and parts.
Do.
Clothing, knit.
Textiles.
Metal products, miscellaneous.
Wood products.
Cordage.

U nderw ear, knit_________ Underwear______________ ______
Clothing, knit.
Underwear, men’s and boys’ _ Underwear, men’s and boys’ _______ Clothing, other than knit.
Underwear, women’s and Underwear, women’s and children’s.
Do.
children’s.




highway

288

PRISON LABOR IN THE UNITED STATE®,

1940

Index o f Products o f State and Federal Institutions— Continued

Article produced, service,
or operation

Uniforms__________ _____ _
Uniforms, prison__________
Unionalls_________________

Included under—
Subheading
Uniforms_
_ __ _______ _______
Uniforms, prison - __ ..... ......... . _
Overalls_ _____________________
_

Type of production
Clothing, other than knit.
Do.
Do.

Vanities, metal__ _________ Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc..................
- ____do__________ _ ___ ____ ______
Vanities, wood____ _
Varnish
................. _ Paint_________________ ____ _____
Veal, dressed (from abbatoir) Beef, dressed__________ ________
Veal, dressed (from beef cattie).
Veal, dressed (from dairy ____do__________________________
cattle).
Miscellaneous furniture.__ _______
Venetian blinds__________
Vests, men’s ____________ Miscellaneous clothing____________
Vests, women’s____________ Underwear.______________________

Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Paint.
Other manufactured products.
Farm: Cattle.

W agons, farm...................... Agricultural implements.. ______
Wagon repairs_____________ Repairs________________________
Shirts, dress.-. _ ___________
Waists, boys’ _______
Wardrobes, metal
_________ Bureaus, chiffoniers, etc______ .
Wardrobes, wood__________ _ . . - d o _________________________
Baskets __ .. . _____ ____ _ _
Wastebaskets, metal
. - do
________ __ _
Wastebaskets, w o o d ____ Miscellaneous textiles . . . . . .
Waste, cotton _______ ___
Wax, floor________________ Miscellaneous manufactured prod­
ucts.
Wheat
.. ___ __________ _____
Wheat
Willow, peeled (for baskets) „ Miscellaneous lumber and timber
products.
.. do
___________ ___________
Wood, fuel
_ _
Wood products miscellane­ ____do---------- ------------- ------------- -ous.
Wool ___________________ Miscellaneousfarm_____ ____ . . .
Wool yard goods ________ Wool yard goods-------------------------Wrappers, women’s________ Miscellaneous clothing. __________

Agricultural implements and parts.
Do.
Clothing, other than knit.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Furniture, metal.
Furniture, wood.
Textiles.
Other manufactured products.

Y arn, cotton_______ ___ _ Yarn, cotton_____________________
Yarn, wool
_ _
_____ Yarn, wool______ _ ____________

Textiles.
Do.




O

Farm: Dairy.
Furniture, wood.
Clothing, other than knit.
Clothing, knit.

Farm: Field crops and garden.
Wood products.
Do.
Do.
Farm: Miscellaneous.
Textiles.
Clothing, other than knit.