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Bulletin No. 1480

Premium Pay Provisions for
Weekend Work in Seven
Continuous-Process Industries,

1966




Dayton & Montgomery Co
Public Library
FEB 6

1967

DOCUMENT COLLECTION

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner




Bulletin No. 1480

Premium Pay Provisions for
Weekend Work in Seven
Continuous-Process Industries,

1966

December 1966
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, C om m issioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 20 cents










Preface
This re p o rt on prem ium pay pro v isio n s, p rep ared
by the U .S. D epartm ent of L ab o r’s B ureau of L abor
S ta tistic s, was requested and financed by the P o st Office
D epartm ent. The re p o rt d escrib es prem ium pay p ro v i­
sions under 486 m ajo r collective bargaining agreem ents
in seven in d u strie s.
In establishm ents norm ally operating on a 5-day,
Monday through F rid ay , workw eek, it has becom e a com ­
m on p ra c tic e , under collective bargaining ag reem en ts, to
pay a prem ium ra te for any w ork perform ed on Saturday
and Sunday, o r Sunday alone. The penalty rate in these
circu m stan ces is attached to w ork on the w eekend, ra th e r
than to overtim e as such, and is designed to discourage
the scheduling of w ork on expected days of re s t and r e c ­
reatio n and to com pensate w orkers for the inconvenience
of working on these days.
In continuous-process estab lish m en ts, on the other
hand, w ork is reg u larly scheduled on Saturday and Sunday;
these days thus becom e p a rt of the no rm al 5-day w ork­
week for som e o r m ost w o rk ers, depending on how shift
schedules a re se t up. The designation of the sixth and
seventh consecutive days of the workweek as the "weekend"
for these w orkers reso lv es one problem , but others are
ra ise d by union dem ands for prem ium pay for reg u larly
scheduled w ork on Sunday, and often Saturday as w ell, or
for higher prem ium ra te s.
This re p o rt was p rep ared in the B u reau’s D ivision
of In d u strial and L abor R elations by Rose T. Selby, under
the sup erv isio n of H arry P . Cohany.

ill

Contents
Page
S u m m a ry _____________________________________________________________________________
W eekend w o rk n o t r e g u la rly s c h e d u le d ___________________________________________
S a tu rd a y w o r k ___________________________________________________________________
S unday w o rk ____________________________________________________________
S ixth d a y _________________________________________________________________________
S even th d a y _______________________________________________________________________
M in im u m w o rk r e q u ir e m e n ts ___________________________________________________
S a tu rd a y and Sunday a s p a r t of the re g u la r w o rk w e e k __________________________

1
2
2
2
3
4
4
5

T ab le s:
1. P re m iu m days n o t p a r t of r e g u la r w o rk w e e k _____________________________
2. P re m iu m day s no t p a r t of re g u la r w o rk w eek , by in d u s try ______________
3. M in im u m w o rk r e q u ire m e n ts fo r p re m iu m p ay on d e sig n a te d
day s not p a r t of re g u la r w o rk w eek , by in d u s tr y _______________________
4. M in im u m w o rk re q u ire m e n ts fo r p re m iu m pay on d e sig n a te d
days not p a r t of r e g u la r w o rk w eek , by type of p r o v is io n _____________
5. P re m iu m r a te s fo r w o rk on d e s ig n a te d d ay s n o t p a r t of re g u la r
w o rk w eek , by in d u s tr y ____________________________________________________
6. P re m iu m day s p a r t of r e g u la r w o rk w eek , by in d u s try __________________
7. P re m iu m r a te s fo r w o rk on S a tu rd a y and S unday a s p a r t of
re g u la r w o rk w e e k _________________________________________________________
8. P re m iu m r a te s fo r w o rk on S a tu rd a y an d Sunday as p a r t of
re g u la r w o rk w eek , by in d u s tr y __________________________________________




iv

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8
9
10
11
13
14
15

S u m m a ry

Premium Pay Provisions for Weekend Work in
Seven Continuous-Process Industries, 1966

N e a rly 95 p e r c e n t of th e m a jo r c o lle c tiv e b a rg a in in g a g re e m e n ts stu d ie d
p ro v id e d fo r e x tra c o m p e n sa tio n fo r w o rk on 1 o r both d ay s o u tsid e of th e n o r ­
m a l w o rk w eek , S a tu rd a y and S unday, o r th e six th and se v e n th d ay of th e w o rk ­
w ee k . M o re th a n 50 p e r c e n t of th e a g re e m e n ts p ro v id e d fo r p re m iu m p a y to
w o rk e rs fo r w hom S unday w as a r e g u la rly sc h e d u le d w o rk d a y , and 10 p e r c e n t
ex ten d ed th is p r a c tic e to r e g u la rly sc h e d u le d S a tu rd a y s .
T im e and o n e -h a lf w as th e m o s t p re v a le n t p re m iu m r a te fo r w o rk on a ll
w eek en d d a y s , e ith e r o u tsid e of th e re g u la r w o rk w eek o r as r e g u la rly sc h e d u le d
w o rk d a y s. A s u b s ta n tia l n u m b e r of a g r e e m e n ts , h o w e v e r, p ro v id e d fo r do ub le
tim e fo r w o rk on S unday and th e se v e n th d a y , no t r e g u la rly sc h e d u le d .
T h is stu d y of w eek en d p a y p ro v is io n s is b a se d on an a n a ly s is of 486 m a jo r
c o lle c tiv e b a rg a in in g a g re e m e n ts , e a c h c o v e rin g 1 ,0 0 0 w o rk e rs o r m o re and
to g e th e r c o v e rin g 2 .5 m illio n w o rk e rs , in th e follow ing c o n tin u o u s -p ro c e s s in ­
d u s tr ie s :1
C h e m ic a ls
P e tro le u m re fin in g
N e w sp a p e r p u b lish in g
P r im a r y m e ta ls

C o m m u n icatio n s
E le c tr ic and g as u tilitie s
T ra n s p o rta tio n (in clu d in g n o n o p e ra tin g
e m p lo y e e s in r a ilr o a d s and a irlin e s )

A ll b u t 16 p e r c e n t of th e a g re e m e n ts w e re in e ffe c t in 1966; th e re m a in in g c o n ­
tr a c ts e x p ire d in 1965. A lthough s u p e rs e d in g c o n tra c ts w e re n o t on file a t th e
tim e th is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d , r e p o r ts of s e ttle m e n ts , w h e re a v a ila b le , in d ic a te d
th a t w eekend p ay p ro v is io n s re m a in e d u n ch an g ed in th e s e a g re e m e n ts .
T he p re v a le n c e of p re m iu m p ay p r o v is io n s , p re m iu m r a te s , and m in im u m
w o rk r e q u ire m e n ts fo r w o rk on S a tu rd a y , S unday, six th , and se v e n th d ay (o r f i r s t
and se c o n d d ay s off), w hen th e s e a r e n o t r e g u la rly sc h e d u le d d ay s of w o rk , a r e
show n in ta b le s 1—5. P re m iu m p ay p ro v is io n s fo r S a tu rd a y and S unday in clu d ed
in th e r e g u la r w o rk w eek a r e show n in ta b le s 6—8. N one of th e a g re e m e n ts in
th e la tte r c a te g o ry s tip u la te d m in im u m w o rk re q u ire m e n ts .
P re m iu m p ay p ro v is io n s fo r w o rk o u tsid e of th e r e g u la r w o rk w eek in th e s e
s e v e n in d u s trie s hav e in c re a s e d s lig h tly sin c e 1 9 5 8 ,2 w h ile p re m iu m p a y fo r r e g u ­
la r ly sc h e d u le d S a tu rd a y and S unday w o rk h a s in c re a s e d s u b s ta n tia lly .
1 Although these industries are commonly considered as continuous-process industries, every company or plant
covered by the agreements studied may not have been on continuous operations. There is no way of knowing this
from the language of the agreement.
2 See Premium Pay for Night, Weekend, and Overtime Work in Major Union Contracts (BLS Bulletin 1251,
1959). An exact comparison cannot be made because of a difference in the composition of two of the industries
studied. In the 1958 analysis, railroad and airline agreements were not included; and all of the printing and pub­
lishing agreements were included, while the 1966 study limited agreements in this industry to the newspaper segment.




1

2

W eekend W ork N ot R e g u la rly S ch ed u led
S unday w as m o s t fre q u e n tly sp e c ifie d as a p re m iu m day (333 a g re e m e n ts )
(ta b le s 1 and 2). S ix th and se v e n th d ay s w e re sp e c ifie d in 291 and 309 a g r e e ­
m e n ts , r e s p e c tiv e ly , and S a tu rd a y in on ly 137.
T he c o m b in a tio n sp e c ify in g S unday, and six th and se v e n th d ay s o u tsid e th e
r e g u la r w o rk w e e k a s p re m iu m d a y s w as m o s t p r e v a le n t, o c c u rrin g in o v e r o n e fo u rth of th e 486 a g re e m e n ts . N e a rly a n o th e r fo u rth sp e c ifie d six th and se v e n th
d a y s , w ith o u t r e f e r e n c e to S a tu rd a y and S un day , an d le s s th a n o n e -fifth sp e c ifie d
on ly S a tu rd a y and S unday.
U n d er n e a rly a ll of th e p ro v is io n s fo r S a tu rd a y and S unday p re m iu m p a y ,
e x tr a c o m p e n sa tio n w as to be p a id r e g a r d le s s of th e am o u n t of tim e w o rk e d .
R e q u ire m e n ts th a t an e m p lo y e e w o rk a s p e c ifie d n u m b e r of d ay s o r h o u rs d u rin g
th e w o rk w e e k w e re m o re fre q u e n tly e s ta b lis h e d fo r six th and se v e n th d ay p r e ­
m iu m p a y .
S a tu rd a y W o rk . O v e r o n e -q u a r te r of th e a g r e e m e n ts , acco u n tin g fo r a
s im ila r p ro p o rtio n of w o rk e rs , p ro v id e d fo r e x tr a c o m p e n sa tio n fo r w o rk on
S a tu rd a y s o u tsid e of th e r e g u la r w o rk w eek . In tw o b ra n c h e s of tr a n s p o r ta tio n —
m a r itim e and tru c k in g — S a tu rd a y p re m iu m p ay a g re e m e n ts c o v e re d 95 and 78 p e r ­
c e n t of th e w o rk e rs , r e s p e c tiv e ly , w h ile th e r a ilr o a d and a ir lin e a g re e m e n ts
d id n o t in c lu d e su c h p r o v is io n s .
T im e and o n e -h a lf fo r w o rk on S a tu rd a y s , n o t p a r t of th e r e g u la r w o rk ­
w e e k , w as s p e c ifie d in fo u r-fifth s of th e 137 c o n tra c ts w ith S a tu rd a y p re m iu m
p a y p r o v is io n s , c o v e rin g o v e r o n e -h a lf of th e w o rk e rs (ta b le 5). In a d d itio n ,
a few c o n tra c ts s p e c ifie d tim e and o n e -h a lf fo r so m e o c c u p a tio n s, lo c a tio n s , o r
a s s ig n m e n ts (su c h as m a in te n a n c e o r n o n o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s, lo c a l tru c k in g )
and e ith e r do ub le tim e o r no p re m iu m fo r o th e r s . S om e c o n tra c ts a ls o p ro v id e d
fo r tim e and o n e -q u a r te r fo r S a tu rd a y m o rn in g and tim e and o n e -h a lf th e r e a f te r .
S lig h tly le s s th a n o n e -te n th of th e c o n tr a c ts , c o v e rin g a p p ro x im a te ly o n e fifth of th e w o rk e rs , c o n ta in e d c la u s e s w h ich v a rie d th e p re m iu m r a te s . V a r i­
a tio n s o th e r th a n th o se m e n tio n e d in th e p re c e d in g p a r a g r a p h w e re found m a in ly in
m a r itim e a g re e m e n ts , w h ich s p e c ifie d fla t-su m p re m iu m s ran g in g fro m $ 1 .7 8 to
$ 4 .2 3 p e r h o u r, a c c o rd in g to w age ra n g e , o c c u p a tio n , and p o r t o r s e a d u ty .
M o st of th e few re m a in in g a g re e m e n ts g ra n te d a d d itio n a l su m s p e r h o u r
o r d ay fo r S a tu rd a y w o rk — fro m 3 c e n ts to 30 c e n ts p e r h o u r, $3 p e r d ay , an d ,
in th e m a ritim e in d u s try , fro m $ 2 .5 8 to $ 4 .2 3 p e r h o u r. O nly tw o a g re e m e n ts
p ro v id e d fo r d o ub le tim e fo r S a tu rd a y w o rk .
S unday W o rk . P re m iu m p a y fo r S unday w o rk w as p ro v id e d fo r by o v e r
tw o -th ird s of th e a g re e m e n ts and c o v e re d th e sa m e p ro p o rtio n of w o rk e rs . A
la r g e n u m b e r of a g re e m e n ts in th e p r im a r y m e ta ls in d u s try sp e c ifie d a m in im u m
p re m iu m r a te of tim e and o n e -q u a r te r " fo r a ll h o u rs w o rk ed on S unday w h ich
a r e n o t p a id fo r on an o v e rtim e b a s is . " T h e se a g re e m e n ts m a d e no o th e r p r o ­
v is io n fo r S unday p re m iu m s . T he p ro v is io n s w e re n e g o tia te d in 1956, p r in c i­
p a lly to p ro v id e fo r e x tra c o m p e n sa tio n to c o n tin u o u s -p ro c e s s w o rk e rs w h o se
r e g u la r w o rk w eek in c lu d e d S unday. H o w e v e r, sin c e th is p re m iu m cou ld app ly
to any em p lo y e e n o t e lig ib le fo r o v e rtim e p ay fo r S unday w o rk , th e s e p ro v is io n s
w e re in c lu d e d in th e ta b u la tio n s of p ay fo r S unday w o rk , b o th o u tsid e th e re g u la r
w o rk w e e k and a s p a r t of th e w o rk w eek .



3

S unday p re m iu m p a y w as m o s t p re v a le n t in th e p r im a r y m e ta l and c o m ­
m u n ic a tio n s in d u s tr ie s , and in tw o b ra n c h e s of tr a n s p o r ta tio n — m a ritim e and
tru c k in g . O v e r fo u r-fifth s of th e w o rk e rs in th e s e in d u s trie s w e re u n d e r su c h
a g re e m e n ts . A s w as n o ted fo r S a tu rd a y p a y , th e r a ilr o a d and a ir lin e a g r e e ­
m e n ts d id n o t p ro v id e fo r e x tra c o m p e n sa tio n fo r S unday w o rk .
W hile tim e and o n e -h a lf w as th e m o s t p re v a le n t r a te fo r S unday w o rk , it
w as no t as fre q u e n tly sp e c ifie d a s fo r S a tu rd a y w o rk (ta b le 5). A p p ro x im a te ly
o n e -th ird of th e w o rk e rs w e re c o v e re d by a g re e m e n ts sp e c ify in g tim e and o n e h alf; 15 p e r c e n t w e re u n d e r a g re e m e n ts p ro v id in g tim e and o n e -h a lf in so m e
in s ta n c e s and do u b le tim e in o th e rs ; and do ub le tim e ap p lied to 16 p e r c e n t of
th e w o rk e rs . T he a g re e m e n ts r e f e r r e d to e a r lie r , w h ich g ra n te d tim e and o n e q u a rte r fo r a ll S unday w o rk n o t p a id fo r on an o v e rtim e b a s is , ac c o u n te d fo r
25 p e r c e n t of th e w o rk e rs in a ll in d u s tr ie s , and 76 p e r c e n t of th o se in p r i ­
m a ry m e ta l.
T im e and o n e -h a lf w as s p e c ifie d m o s t fre q u e n tly in a g re e m e n ts in th e
m a ritim e and c o m m u n ic a tio n s in d u s trie s . D ouble tim e w as sp e c ifie d in a p p ro x i­
m a te ly o n e -h a lf of th e a g re e m e n ts in th e c h e m ic a l and tru c k in g in d u s tr ie s , and
in o v e r tw o -fifth s of th e u tility a g re e m e n ts .
Of th e 26 a g re e m e n ts w h ich g ra n te d tim e and o n e -h a lf o r do ub le tim e ,
12 in th e te le p h o n e in d u s try g ra n te d d o ub le tim e in s te a d of tim e and o n e -h a lf
fo r th e se c o n d o r th ird and su b se q u e n t c o n se c u tiv e S undays w o rk ed . T he r e ­
m a in in g 14 p ro v id e d fo r do u b le tim e if S unday fe ll on th e se v e n th d ay o r w as
th e se v e n th d ay w o rk e d , o r g ra n te d do ub le tim e fo r s p e c ia l g ro u p s o r c o n d itio n s.
T h re e a g re e m e n ts in th e tru c k in g in d u s try , c o v e rin g o v e r 40 p e r c e n t of th e
w o rk e rs in th a t in d u s try , fe ll in to th e la tte r c a te g o ry .
A few a g re e m e n ts s p e c ifie d p re m iu m r a te s ra n g in g fro m 40 c e n ts to 90 c e n ts
p e r h o u r, and a few sp e c ifie d m in im u m p re m iu m s of 20 c e n ts to 75 c e n ts p e r
h o u r, u n le s s o v e rtim e o r a h ig h e r r a te w as a p p lic a b le . Two N ew Y o rk tr a n s it
a g re e m e n ts g ra n te d 3 c e n ts p e r h o u r and fo u r m a r itim e a g re e m e n ts s p e c ifie d
fla t su m s ra n g in g fro m $ 2 .8 0 to $ 4 . 23 p e r h o u r. A few o th e r m a ritim e a g r e e ­
m e n ts v a rie d th e p re m iu m s — ra n g in g fro m $ 1 .7 8 to $ 4 .2 3 p e r h o u r— by o c c u ­
p a tio n , o r p o r t o r s e a du ty . R a te s in th e re m a in in g a g re e m e n ts in c lu d e d c o m ­
b in a tio n s of tim e and th r e e - f if th s , o r tim e and th r e e - q u a r t e r s , and d o ub le tim e ,
a c c o rd in g to lo c a tio n ; th e re w e re a lso a g re e m e n ts in clu d in g p ro v is io n s fo r tr ip le
tim e fo r e m e rg e n c y w o rk .
S ix th D ay. E x tra c o m p e n sa tio n fo r w o rk on th e six th d ay of th e w o rk w eek
w as p ro v id e d fo r in th re e - fifth s (291) of th e a g r e e m e n ts , (ta b le 5). S a tu rd a y
p re m iu m p a y w as a ls o p ro v id e d fo r in 43 of th e s e a g re e m e n ts .
A p p ro x im a te ly th re e - fifth s o r m o re of th e c o n tra c ts in a ll b u t tw o in d u s ­
tr ie s — tru c k in g and m a ritim e — g ra n te d p re m iu m s fo r s ix th -d a y w o rk . In tru c k in g ,
o n e -th ird of th e a g re e m e n ts m a d e su c h p ro v is io n s ; in m a r itim e , none of th e
a g re e m e n ts s p e c ifie d s ix th -d a y p r e m iu m s , b u t 24 of th e 26 a g re e m e n ts in th is
in d u s try g ra n te d e x tra p a y fo r S a tu rd a y w o rk . T he r a ilr o a d and a ll 15 a ir lin e
a g re e m e n ts in c lu d e d s ix th -d a y p r e m iu m s , bu t did n o t sp e c ify S a tu rd a y p re m iu m s .
T im e and o n e -h a lf fo r w o rk on th e six th d ay w as sp e c ifie d in 279 (96 p e r ­
cent) of th e 291 c o n tra c ts w h ich p ro v id e d e x tra c o m p e n sa tio n fo r w o rk on th e
six th d ay of th e w o rk w eek . O nly tw o a g re e m e n ts g ra n te d d o ub le tim e fo r s ix th d ay w o rk , and one g ra n te d do ub le tim e in s te a d of tim e and o n e -h a lf if le s s th an



4

50 p e r c e n t of th e d e p a rtm e n t w o rk e d on th e six th d ay . M o st of th e re m a in in g
n in e a g re e m e n ts p ro v id e d tim e and o n e -h a lf on ly fo r c e r ta in o c c u p a tio n s, lo c a ­
tio n s , o r a s s ig n m e n ts . O n e, c o v e rin g ta x ic a b d r iv e r s , sp e c ifie d 3 c e n ts p e r
h o u r o r 5 p e r c e n t c o m m is s io n , w h ic h e v e r w as g r e a te r , and a n o th e r, c o v e rin g
b ro a d c a s tin g te c h n ic ia n s , g ra n te d p re m iu m p a y o f $ 3 .5 0 p e r h o u r.
S ev en th D a y . N e a rly th re e - fo u r th s of th e w o rk e rs w e re c o v e re d by p r o ­
v isio n s fo r p re m iu m p a y fo r s e v e n th -d a y w o rk (ta b le 5). T h is p e rc e n ta g e w as
s lig h tly h ig h e r th a n th e n u m b e r c o v e re d by S unday p re m iu m a r ra n g e m e n ts , a l ­
th ou gh th e n u m b e r of a g re e m e n ts (309) in clu d in g s e v e n th -d a y p ro v is io n s w as a
little le s s th a n th o s e w ith S unday p re m iu m p ro v is io n s (333).
T he in d u s try p a tte r n w as s im ila r to th a t fo r s ix th -d a y p re m iu m p a y . E x ­
c e p t fo r tru c k in g and m a r itim e , a p p ro x im a te ly th re e - fifth s o r m o re of th e c o n ­
tr a c ts p ro v id e d fo r s e v e n th -d a y p re m iu m p a y . N one of th e m a ritim e c o n tra c ts
in c lu d e d th is p ro v is io n ; o n e -th ird of th e tru c k in g a g r e e m e n ts , c o v e rin g o n e -h a lf
of th e w o rk e rs , d id sp e c ify s e v e n th -d a y p r e m iu m s . A ll of th e c o n tra c ts in th e
a ir lin e and r a ilr o a d in d u s trie s p ro v id e d fo r se v e n th -d a y p re m iu m s .
T im e and o n e -h a lf w as th e p re d o m in a n t p re m iu m r a te sp e c ifie d , o c c u r ­
rin g in n e a rly o n e -h a lf of th e c o n tr a c ts , c o v e rin g th re e - fo u r th s of th e w o rk e rs .
A lth oug h o v e r o n e -th ir d of th e a g re e m e n ts g ra n te d do ub le tim e , th e s e ac c o u n te d
fo r on ly o n e -s ix th of th e w o rk e rs , th e sa m e p ro p o rtio n c o v e re d by do ub le tim e
fo r S unday w o rk . A s m a ll n u m b e r of a g re e m e n ts (36) g ra n te d do ub le tim e in
so m e in s ta n c e s and tim e and o n e -h a lf in o th e r s . Of th e s e , th e 15 a ir lin e a g r e e ­
m e n ts g ra n te d do u b le tim e if th e six th d ay a lso w as w o rk e d w ith o u t re q u irin g
w o rk on 7 c o n se c u tiv e d a y s. M o st of th e re m a in in g 21 p ro v is io n s in th is c a te ­
g o ry g ra n te d d o u b le tim e on ly fo r th e se v e n th c o n se c u tiv e d ay w o rk e d .
T im e and o n e -h a lf w as th e m o s t p re d o m in a n t p re m iu m r a te in th e s e in ­
d u s tr ie s : N e w s p a p e r, p r im a r y m e ta l, r a ilr o a d , p a s s e n g e r tr a n s i t, and c o m ­
m u n ic a tio n s. F o u r- fifth s o r m o re of th e w o rk e rs u n d e r a g re e m e n ts in th e s e
in d u s trie s w e re to r e c e iv e tim e and o n e -h a lf a s s e v e n th -d a y p re m iu m p a y . P r o ­
v is io n s fo r p a y m e n t of d o ub le tim e c o v e re d m o re th a n tw o -th ird s of th e w o rk e rs
in on ly one in d u s try — c h e m ic a ls .
T he n in e re m a in in g a g re e m e n ts p ro v id e d fo r d iv e rs ifie d p re m iu m s s im ila r
to th o se g ra n te d fo r s ix th -d a y w o rk .
M in im u m W o rk R e q u ire m e n ts . R e q u ire m e n ts th a t an em p lo y ee w o rk a
sp e c ifie d n u m b e r of d ay s o r h o u rs d u rin g th e w o rk w eek to q u alify fo r p re m iu m
p a y w e re r a r e ly s p e c ifie d fo r S a tu rd a y and S unday w o rk . O nly 11 a g re e m e n ts
in clu d e d m in im u m w o rk re q u ire m e n ts fo r S a tu rd a y p re m iu m p a y , and 9 fo r S u n ­
d ay p re m iu m s (ta b le 3).
M in im u m w o rk re q u ire m e n ts w e re m o re fre q u e n tly e s ta b lis h e d fo r th e six th
and s e v e n th d a y s . P re m iu m p a y w as g ra n te d , r e g a r d le s s of tim e w o rk e d , u n d e r
47 p e r c e n t (137) of th e p ro v is io n s fo r s ix th -d a y w o rk and 38 p e r c e n t (118) fo r
s e v e n th -d a y w o rk .
T he e m p lo y e e w as r e q u ire d to h av e w o rk ed a fu ll w eek ly sc h e d u le to q u alify
fo r S a tu rd a y p re m iu m u n d e r 11 a g r e e m e n ts , and to h av e w o rk ed e ith e r 5 o r 6 d ay s
d u rin g th e w eek to q u a lify fo r S unday p re m iu m u n d e r 9 a g re e m e n ts (ta b le 4).
A ll but 5 of th e 154 a g re e m e n ts w ith m in im u m w o rk re q u ire m e n ts fo r s ix th d ay p re m iu m p a y re q u ire d th e e m p lo y ee to h av e w o rk ed a fu ll w ee k ly sc h e d u le .
T he re m a in in g p ro v is io n s r e q u ire d so m e w o rk on ea c h of th e p re v io u s ly sc h e d u le d
d ay s o r w o rk fo r a s p e c ific n u m b e r of h o u rs d u rin g th e w eek (ta b le 4).



5

Of th e 191 a g re e m e n ts g ra n tin g se v e n th -d a y p re m iu m p a y , o v e r tw o -fifth s
(82) r e q u ire d th e e m p lo y e e to h av e w o rk ed a fu ll 6 -d a y sc h e d u le ; a n o th e r tw o fifth s (84) s p e c ifie d a fu ll 5 -d a y sc h e d u le . M o st of th e re m a in in g a g re e m e n ts
r e q u ire d w o rk e ith e r on so m e p o rtio n of each of th e 5 o r 6 sc h e d u le d w o rk d a y s,
o r on th e six th d ay of th e w o rk w e e k w ith o u t re q u irin g 6 d a y s ’ w o rk (ta b le 4).
M any a g re e m e n ts m o d ify th e w o rk r e q u ire m e n ts by s tip u la tin g th a t tim e
lo s t d u rin g th e w eek fo r s p e c ific re a s o n s o r fo r e x c u se d a b se n c e s w ould be
cou nted a s tim e w o rk e d in d e te rm in in g e lig ib ility fo r p re m iu m p ay . A b se n c e s
cou nted a s tim e w o rk e d in c lu d e tim e lo s t b e c a u s e of la c k of w o rk , illn e s s , in ju ry
on th e jo b , o ffic ia l un io n b u s in e s s , p e r s o n a l le a v e fo r sp e c ific r e a s o n s , an d ,
in m o s t in s ta n c e s , h o lid a y s . S om e p ro v is io n s m e r e ly s ta te th a t ’’ex c u se d a b ­
s e n c e s " w ill be co u n ted a s tim e w o rk e d . A lm o st tw o -th ird s of th e a g re e m e n ts
m o d ifie d th e r e s tr ic tio n s fo r e a c h of th e p re m iu m d ay s by counting c e r ta in a b ­
s e n c e s a s tim e w o rk e d .
S a tu rd a y and S unday a s P a r t of th e R e g u la r W o rk w eek
W o rk e rs r e g u la rly sc h e d u le d fo r S a tu rd a y and S unday w o rk w e re g ra n te d
e x tra c o m p e n sa tio n fo r w o rk on S a tu rd a y s in 50 a g r e e m e n ts , c o v e rin g slig h tly
le s s th an o n e -te n th of th e w o r k e r s , and on S undays in 254 a g re e m e n ts , c o v e rin g
o v e r 50 p e r c e n t of th e w o rk e rs (ta b le 6).
P ro v is io n s fo r S a tu rd a y p re m iu m p ay w e re p re d o m in a n t in m a ritim e a g r e e ­
m e n ts , c o v e rin g th r e e - f if th s of th e w o r k e r s , an d , to a le s s e r e x te n t, w e re in ­
clu d ed in c h e m ic a l a g r e e m e n ts , c o v e rin g slig h tly m o re th a n o n e -fifth of th e
wo r k e r s .
Sunday p re m iu m p a y p ro v is io n s w e re c o n c e n tra te d in fo u r in d u s trie s —
p r im a r y m e ta l, c o m m u n ic a tio n s , c h e m ic a ls , and m a r itim e . In p r im a r y m e ta l
and c o m m u n ic a tio n s, a p p ro x im a te ly 90 p e r c e n t of th e w o rk e rs w e re c o v e re d by
su ch p ro v is io n s ; in m a r itim e , 60 p e r c e n t; and in c h e m ic a ls , 40 p e r c e n t. N one
of th e p e tro le u m , r a ilr o a d , and a ir lin e a g re e m e n ts g ra n te d p re m iu m p ay fo r
r e g u la rly sc h e d u le d S a tu rd a y o r S unday w o rk .
T im e and o n e -h a lf w as m o s t fre q u e n tly s p e c ifie d fo r bo th S a tu rd a y and
S unday p re m iu m p a y , o c c u rrin g in 18 of th e 50 a g re e m e n ts g ra n tin g S a tu rd a y
p re m iu m s and in 100 of th e 254 c o n tra c ts g ra n tin g S unday p re m iu m s (tab le 7).
A lthough 64 a g re e m e n ts g ra n te d tim e and o n e -q u a r te r fo r S unday w o rk , th e e m ­
p lo y ee c o v e ra g e w as a lm o s t th e s a m e a s th a t fo r tim e and o n e -h a lf. T h is la rg e
n u m b e r a t tim e and o n e - q u a r te r fo r S undays is a c c o u n te d fo r by 46 b a s ic s te e l
c o n tr a c ts , c o v e rin g o v e r 4 4 0 ,0 0 0 w o rk e rs . O nly tw o a g re e m e n ts s p e c ifie d tim e
and o n e -q u a r te r fo r S a tu rd a y w o rk , and none p ro v id e d d o u b le tim e fo r th a t day .
F o r Sunday w o rk , 14 a g re e m e n ts s p e c ifie d do ub le tim e ; 12 in th e te le p h o n e in ­
d u s try g ra n te d tim e and o n e -h a lf fo r th e f i r s t o r f i r s t 2 S undays and do u b le tim e
fo r seco n d o r th ir d and su b se q u e n t S u n d ay s.
D iv e rs ifie d p re m iu m r a te s w e re s p e c ifie d in th e re m a in in g a g re e m e n ts . In ­
clu d ed w e re r a te s ra n g in g fro m 3 c e n ts to 50 c e n ts p e r h o u r fo r S a tu rd a y w o rk ,
and fro m 3 c e n ts to $1 p e r h o u r fo r S unday w o rk . In a d d itio n , th e re w e re p r o ­
v isio n s fo r m in im u m r a te s of 25 to 50 c e n ts p e r h o u r fo r S a tu rd a y o r S unday w o rk
u n le s s h ig h e r p re m iu m s w e re a p p lic a b le , and fla t su m s v a ry in g fo r ’’stan d b y "
tim e and tim e w o rk e d fo r b o th d a y s. A lso in c lu d e d fo r S a tu rd a y and S unday



6

w o rk w e re p ro v is io n s g ra n tin g 10 c e n ts and 15 c e n ts p e r h o u r fo r so m e g ro u p s,
o r tim e and o n e -h a lf fo r so m e g ro u p s o r lo c a tio n s , and s tr a ig h t tim e fo r o th e rs .
M a ritim e c o n tra c ts a ls o p ro v id e d fo r fla t su m s ra n g in g fro m $ 1. 78 to $ 4 . 23 p e r
h o u r, v a ry in g by o c c u p a tio n , and by p o rt o r s e a du ty . A few a g re e m e n ts
s p e c ifie d , fo r Sunday w o rk , one and o n e -te n th , one an d o n e -fifth , one and th r e e fifth s and one an d th re e - fo u r th s .
N one of th e p ro v is io n s fo r w o rk on re g u la rly sc h e d u le d S a tu rd a y s o r S un­
day s r e q u ire d an em p lo y e e to w o rk a s p e c ifie d n u m b e r of d ay s o r h o u rs to q u alify
fo r p re m iu m pay; e x tra c o m p e n sa tio n w as g ra n te d r e g a r d le s s of th e am o u n t of
tim e w o rk e d d u rin g th e w eek.
S a tu rd a y w as r e f e r r e d to as a r e g u la r w o rk d ay in 123 a g re e m e n ts w h ich
did n o t p ro v id e p re m iu m pay fo r th a t day; an d , s im ila rly , Sunday w as r e f e r r e d
to in 69 a g re e m e n ts .







Table 1. Premium Days Not Part of Regular Workweek
(P rem ium days sp e c ifie d tinder m ajor c o lle c tiv e b argain in g a g ree m e n ts,
se le c te d in d u str ie s, 1966)
P rem iu m days

A g reem en ts
N um ber
P ercent

T o ta l______________________________________
P rem iu m pay for w eekend w ork ______________
P rem iu m pay for w ork on—
Saturday and Sunday on ly ____________ __
Saturday, Sunday, 6th, and 7th d a y ____
6th and 7th day _____ ___________________
Sunday only ______________________________
Saturday, Sunday, and 7th day _________
Sunday, 6th, and 7th d a y ________________
Sunday and 6 th d a y __ ___________________
_
6th day only ______ _
7th day only _ ____
Sunday and 7th day
Saturday, Sunday, and 6th d a y _____
No prem iu m p ay2

486
454
86
39
108
49
8
134
5
1
12
8
4
32

100. 0
93. 4
17. 7
8. 0
22. 2
10. 1
1. 6
27. 6
1. 0
.2
2. 5
1. 6
.8
6 .6

P rem iu m days sp e c ifie d :3
Saturday _____________________________________
Sunday ________________________________________
6th day __ __ __ . _ __ __ __ _ _
7th day _____________________ ________________

137
333
291
309

28. 2
68. 5
59. 9
6 3. 6

W orkers
N um ber
P ercent
(in th ousan d s)
2. 532. 0
100. 0

92. 3

96. 4
14. 3
3. 3
26. 8
6 .6
6. 8
33. 9
.8
(X)
1. 0
1. 2
1. 6
3. 6

659. 5
1 ,7 3 4 . 2
1 ,6 8 3 . 4
1 ,8 4 7 . 5

26. 0
68. 5
66. 5
73. 0

2 ,4 3 9 . 8
362. 8
83. 2
679. 2
166. 3
172. 3
857. 9
20. 8
1. 1
25. 4
29. 7
41. 3

1 L e ss than 0. 05 p ercen t.
2 Includes 4 a g reem en ts w hich s p e c ific a lly p roh ib ited Saturday a n d /or Sunday w ork.
3 N onadditive. T h ese days m ay be sp e c ifie d sin g ly , or in com bination, in 1 a g reem en t.
NOTE: B eca u se of rounding, su m s of individual ite m s m ay not eq ual to ta ls.

Table 2. Premium Days Not Part of Regular Workweek, by Industry
(P rem iu m days sp e c ifie d under m ajor c o lle c tiv e bargaining a g r ee m e n ts, s e le c te d in d u str ie s, 1966)
(W orkers in thousands)
P rem iu m pay for w ork o n 1
Total
In d ustry
Saturday
Sunday
6th day
7th day
A gree­
A gree­
A gree­
A gree­
A gree­
W orkers
W orkers
W orkers
W orkers
W orkers
m en ts
m en ts
m en ts
m en ts
m en ts
486
2 ,5 3 2 .0
137
A ll in d u s tr ie s _____ ,_______________________________
333
1, 7 3 4 .2
659. 5
1, 683. 4
291
1, 847. 5
309
M anufacturing _ _
_
___
197
743. 5
62
108. 0
653. 3
124
601. 7
141
149
641. 5
C h em ica ls and a llie d p rod u cts
. ..
62
114. 8
24
41. 1
37
60. 6
75. 6
50
39
95. 7
20
4 0. 3
4
P e tro leu m and re la te d p r o d u c ts_______________________
6. 5
7
18. 7
16
32. 6
18
36. 6
N ew sp a p ers ______________________________________________
8
13. 3
1
3. 0
5
8. 8
7
11. 6
7
11. 6
107
575. 1
33
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u s tr ie s _______________ -_____________
5 7 .4
100
565. 3
62
66
481. 9
49 7. 7
N on m anu factu rin g _
_ _ _
_____
1 ,7 8 8 .5
75
551. 6
184
289
1 ,0 8 0 .9
167
1, 081. 8
168
1 ,2 0 6 .0
T r a n sp o r ta tio n __________________________________________
127
1 ,0 9 5 . 5
53
466. 0
66
500. 0
58
57
730. 3
609. 5
_
1
400. 0
R a ilr o a d s________________________________ ______________
1
1
400. 0
400. 0
_
A ir lin e s ________________________________________________
15
59. 3
15
15
59. 3
59. 3
_
_
.
_
26
117. 5
24
M a r itim e ______________________________________________
111.5
25
112. 5
T r u c k in g ________________________ *_____________________
55
411. 8
25
320. 3
35
93. 9
349. 8
215. 9
19
19
30
P a sse n g e r t r a n s it ___________________________________
4
106. 9
34. 2
6
37. 7
23
22
56. 3
55. 2
82
C o m m u n ica tio n s__________________________________________
510. 5
5
52. 6
75
492. 1
56
55
359. 3
349. 8
80
U tilitie s: E le c tr ic and g a s_____________________________
182. 5
17
33. 1
43
88. 8
53
113. 1
56
126. 0
1 N on add itive. T h ese days m ay be sp e c ifie d sin g ly , or in com bination, in 1 a g reem en t.
2 In clu d es 4 a g r ee m e n ts w h ich sp e c ific a lly p rohibited Saturday a n d /o r Sunday w ork.
NOTE: B ec a u se of rounding, su m s o f in d ivid u al ite m s m ay not equal to ta ls.




N o p rem iu m p ay2
A gree­
m en ts
32
7
2
_
5
25
13

_
_

1
8
4
1
11

W orkers
92. 2
10. 1
2. 9
_
_
7. 3
82. 1
46. 1
_
_
5. 0
19. 8
21. 3
1. 3
34. 7




Table 3. Minimum Work Requirements for Premium Pay on Designated Days Not Part of Regular Workweek, by Industry
(M inim um w ork req u irem en ts for p rem iu m pay on d esig n ated days under m ajor
c o lle c tiv e b argaining a g r ee m e n ts, se le c te d in d u str ie s, 1966)
(W orkers in thousands)
Saturday
Sunday
6th day
Industry
A gree­
A gree­
A gree­
W orkers
W orkers
W orkers
m en ts
m en ts
m en ts
A ll in d u stries _____________________________________
11
158. 6
142. 8
9
154
1, 242. 2
M anufacturing________________________________________
7
10. 9
5
11. 1
84
522. 0
C h em ica ls and a llie d p r o d u c ts________________________
2
4 .4
1
1. 8
20
36. 0
P e tro leu m and rela ted p r o d u c ts______________________
2
2. 0
2
2. 0
3
5 .4
.
N ew sp a p ers __
.....
...........
2
2. 9
P r im a r y m eta l in d u stries _ .... . ............ .
3
4. 5
2
7. 3
477. 7
59
N on m anu factu rin g____ ____ _
4
147. 7
4
131. 7
70
720. 2
T ran sp o rtatio n
_
. . . . . . . ...
3
146. 5
2
123. 5
20
486. 6
.
R a ilr o a d s.
__ . . . .
1
400. 0
.
_
_
A ir lin e s _
...... .
. ......... .....
1
. 8
.
_
_
_
_
M a ritim e _
...
. ...
..................
_
_____ _ _
T r u c k in g ___. . .
3
2
146. 5
123. 5
12
63. 3
P a sse n g e r tr a n sit ______________________________________________
6
22. 5
........ . .
.
C om m u n ication s
_
200. 6
35
U tilitie s: E le c tr ic and gas _ _
....
... .
1
2
1 . 2
8. 2
15
33. 0

7th day
A gree­
W orkers
m en ts
1,4 5 6 . 7
191
106
573. 7
34
6 0 .4
7
16. 9
2
2. 9
63
493. 5
85
883. 1
34
1
14

657. 6
400. 0
58. 3

11
8
33
18

169. 8
29. 6
184. 2
41. 3

_

_

NOTE: B eca u se of rounding, sum s of in dividual item s m ay not equal to ta ls.

(0




O

Table 4. Minimum Work Requirements for Premium Pay on Designated Days
Not Part of Regular Workweek, by Type of Provision

P r o v isio n

(M inim um w ork req u irem en ts fo r p rem iu m pay for w ork on d esig n ated days under
m ajor c o lle c tiv e bargaining a g r ee m e n ts, se le c te d in d u str ie s, 1966)
(W ork ers in thousands)
A b se n c es not counted
T otal
a s tim e w orked
A g reem en ts

W orker s

137

659. 5

126
11
11

W ith p rem iu m pay --------------------W ith p rem iu m pay r e g a r d le ss of tim e
w ork ed during the w eek -------------------W ith m in im u m w ork req u irem en ts ---E m p lo y ee m u st have w orked—
F u ll w eek ly sch ed u le ----------------

501. 0
158. 6
158. 6

291

1, 683. 4

137
154

441. 3

A g reem en ts
W ork ers
Saturday
4
4

E xcu sed a b se n c e s
counted a s tim e
w orked
W ork ers
A g reem en ts
-

26. 5
26. 5

7
7

-

-

132. 1
132. 1

6th day
W ith p rem iu m pay ----------------------------------W ith p rem iu m pay r e g a r d le ss of tim e
w ork ed during the w eek ---------------------------------W ith m in im u m w ork req u irem en ts ------------------E m p lo y e e s m u st have w orked—
F u ll w eek ly sch ed u le -------------------------------Som e tim e on each of p r ev io u sly scheduled
w ork d ays -----------------------------------------------------S p ecified m in im u m num ber of hours during
w eek (le s s than fu ll sch edu le) -------------------

149
4
1

1, 242. 2
1, 230. 5
10. 5
1. 2

-

48
48

615. 3
615. 3

-

-

-

626. 9
615. 3
10. 5

-

-

106
101
4
1

1. 2
-

Sunday
W ith p rem iu m pay --------------------W ith p rem iu m pay r e g a r d le ss of tim e
w ork ed during the w eek --------------------

333

1, 734. 2

-

-

-

324

W ith m in im u m w ork r e q u ir e m e n ts ---E m p lo y ee m u st have w orked—
F u ll 6 -d a y sch ed u le -----------------F u ll 5 -d ay sch ed u le ------------------

9
4
5

1, 591. 4 .
142. 8

3
2
1

3. 5
2. 2
1. 3

6
2
4

129. 2
13. 6

7th day
1 ,8 4 7 .5
309
W ith p rem iu m pay ----------------------------------------W ith p rem iu m pay r e g a r d le ss of tim e
390. 8
118
w ork ed during the w eek --------------------------------------122
679. 8
1, 4 5 6 .7
69
191
W ith m in im u m w ork req u irem en ts -----------------------E m p lo y ee m u st have w orked—
58
81. 3
24
82
359. 6
F u ll 6 -d a y sch ed u le -------------------------------------58
516. 6
26
84
993. 2
F u ll 5-d a y sch ed u le -------------------------------------Som e tim e on each of the 6 scheduled
5
1. 0
1
21. 8
6
w ork d ays -----------------------------------------------------Som e tim e on each of the 5 scheduled
2. 5
1
2. 5
1
w orkday s -----------------------------------------------------S p ecified m in im u m num ber of hours during
1
1. 2
1
w eek (le s s than fu ll sc h e d u le )-------------------6th day of the w ork w eek (no req uirem en t
58. 5
14
58. 5
14
for 6 d ays w orked) -------------------------------------20. 0
3
20. 0
3
O ther sp e c ifie d tim e 1 ----------------------------------1 2 a g r ee m e n ts (p a sse n g e r tran sit) req u ired m ain ten an ce and ter m in a l em p lo y ee s to w ork a fu ll w eek ly sch ed u le, but did
w ork re q u ire m e n ts for d r iv ers; the 3d req u ired 3 hours' w ork on the 6th day, in addition to a fu ll 5 -d ay sch ed u le.
N O TE :

B ecause of rounding,

sums of individual item s may not equal totals.

139. 3
127. 0
12. 3
776. 9
278. 4
476. 7
20. 8
1. 2
"
not sp ecify

Table 5. Premium Rates for Work on Designated Days Not Part of Regular Workweek, by Industry
(P rem iu m r a te s fo r w ork on Saturday, Sunday, and 6th and 7th day not part of reg u lar w orkw eek under m ajor c o lle c tiv e bargain in g a g r ee m e n ts, se le c te d in d u str ie s 1966)
(W orkers in thousands)
P rem iu m ra tes
Num ber w ith
M inim um prem iu m
p rem ium pay
P rem iu m v a r ie s
T im e and
C ents p er hour u n le ss o v ertim e or
In d ustry
p rov isio n s
D ouble tim e
by w age range,
O ther5
o n e-h a lf 1
or fla t su m 2 h igh er p rem iu m
occup ation , e t c .4
ap p lica b le 3
A gree­
W ork­
W ork­
A gree­
A g r e e ­ W ork­ A g r e e ­ W ork­ A g r e e ­ W ork­
W ork­
A gree­
A gree­
W ork­
m en ts
ers
m ents
ers
m en ts
ers
m en ts
ers
m en ts
ers
ers
m en ts
m en ts
ers
Saturday w ork
A ll in d u s tr ie s _______________
137
108
352. 6
2
4. 5
44. 3
2
4. 3
659. 5
7
13
127. 1
5
126. 9
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________
62
108. 0
54
2
4. 5
91. 9
3. 0
2
1
4. 3
2
2. 5
1
1. 8
24
41. 1
C h em ica ls and a llie d p r o d u c ts___
22
36 .6
1
2. 7
1
1. 8
_
_
4
P etro leu m and rela te d p rod u cts __
6. 5
3
5. 5
1
1. 0
_
_
_
_
_
_
3. 0
N ew sp a p ers ________________________
1
1
3. 0
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u s tr ie s ________
33
57. 4
2
4. 5
49. 8
1
29
1. 6
1
1. 5
~
_
_
54
260. 7
75
551. 6
41. 3
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________
6
124. 6
4
11
125. 1
.
T r a n sp o r ta tio n _____________________
53
466. 0
36
200. 2
6
41. 3
10
104. 6
1
120. 0
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
R a ilr o a d s _______________________
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
A irlin e s _________________________
14
_
_
_
_
_
_
M aritim e
24
111.6
52. 7
4
13. 3
6
45. 6
_
20
T rucking _______________________
25
320. 3
1 4 1.3
4
1
120. 0
59. 0
_
_
_
_
_
P a sse n g e r t r a n s it _____________
2
_
4
34. 2
2
28. 0
6. 3
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
C om m u n ication s
__ _
5
52. 6
4
1
20. 0
32. 6
U tilitie s: E le c tr ic and gas
17
33. 1
14
28. 0
3
5. 1
6th day w ork
_
A ll in d u s tr ie s _______________
1, 683. 4
1 ,6 3 5 . 7
2
2. 7
2
2. 6
291
279
4
37. 2
4
5. 2
124
601. 7
122
598. 8
1
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________
1. 1
1
1. 8
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
_
C h em ica ls and a llie d p r o d u c ts ___
75. 6
38
73. 8
39
1
1. 8
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
P e tro leu m and r e la te d p rod u cts __
16
32. 6
16
32. 6
_
_
_
N e w sp a p e r s _______________ _________
7
11. 6
6
10. 5
1
1. 1
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u str ie s
62
62
481. 9
481. 9
_
_
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________
2
167
1, 081. 8
157
1 ,0 3 7 .0
2. 7
2
2. 6
3 .4
3
36. 1
3
T ra n sp o rtatio n _ _ _
58
54
1
1. 6
609. 5
579. 3
2
27. 6
1
1. 1
_
_
_
_
_
R a ilroa d s __ ________
1
1
400. 0
400. 0
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
A i r l in e s ______________ _________
15
15
59. 3
59. 3
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
M a r itim e ________________________
_
_
_
T rucking __ _____________________
6 6 .4
17
93. 9
2
19
2 7 .6
_
_
_
P a sse n g e r tr a n sit _____________
23
56. 3
21
53. 6
1
1. 6
1
1. 1
_
_
_
_
_
_
C om m u n ication s __ ______
54
56
1
1. 1
359. 3
1
8. 6
349. 7
U tilitie s: E le c tr ic and gas
53
113. 1
108. 1
2
2. 7
2
2. 3
49
"
See fo o tn o tes at end of ta b le.




Table 5. Premium Rates for Work on Designated Days Not Part of Regular Workweek, by Industry— Continued
(P rem iu m r a te s for w ork on Saturday, Sunday, and 6th and 7th day not p art of reg u lar w orkw eek, under m ajor c o lle c tiv e b argain in g a g r ee m e n ts, se le c te d in d u str ie s, 1966)
(W ork ers in thousands)
P rem iu m r a te s
T im e and on e-h a lf
Cents
IV4 m in im u m un-' Other m inim um
P rem iu m
p r e m i jm pay
T im e and
in som e in sta n ces; Double tim e
per hour
le s s o v ertim e or p rem iu m u n le ss
v a r ie s by
Industry
p rov i sio n s
O ther5
o n e-h a lf
double tim e in
or
h igh er p rem iu m o v ertim e or h igh er
w age range,
others 1
fla t su m 2
ap p lica b le
p rem iu m a p p lica b le3 occup ation , e tc .4
A g r e e ­ W ork­ A g r e e ­ W ork­ A g r e e ­ W ork­ A g r e e ­ W ork­ A g r e e ­ W ork­ A g r e e ­ W ork­ A g r e e ­
W ork­ A g r e e ­ W ork­ A g r e e ­ W orkm en ts
ers
m en ts
er s
m en ts
ers
m en ts
er s
m en ts
e r s m en ts
ers
m en ts
er s
m en ts
ers
m en ts
er s
Sunday w ork
333
1, 734. 2 131
A ll in d u str ie s --------------------605. 6
26
258. 8
93
275. 4
41. 3
45
6
435. 9
6
8. 0
16
92. 1
10
17. 3
_
_
M anufacturing --------------------------653. 3
32
94. 5
149
14. 5
55
93. 7
9
43
431. 6
5
6. 2
2
5. 7
3
7. 1
_
_
_
_
_
_
C h em ica ls and a llie d p rod u cts —
37
60. 6
10
17. 7
4
4. 8
18
29. 7
3
3. 9
2
4. 5
_
_
_
_
_
_
7
P e tro leu m and r e la ted p rod u cts —
18. 7
2
10. 0
4
6. 0
1
2. 8
_
_
_
_
_
_
N ew sp a p ers -----------------------------------5
8. 8
1
1
1. 2
1. 7
3
5. 9
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u str ie s ----------100
565. 3
65. 6
4
8. 0
30
52. 2
19
43
431. 6
2
2. 4
1
3. 0
2. 6
1
N onm anufacturing -------------------184 1. 080. 9
511. 1 17
99
244. 3
38
181. 7
6
41. 3
2
4. 3
1
1. 8
14
86. 4
7
10. 2
_
_
T ra n sp o rtatio n ------------------------------66
500. 0
25
103. 2
3
155. 0
17
113. 4
6
41. 3
1
1. 0
13
84. 7
1
1. 5
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
R a ilroa d s ----------------------------------_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
A ir lin e s -------------------------------------_
_
_
_
_
_
_
M a ritim e ----------------------------------25
112. 5
14
52. 7
4
13. 3
1
1. 0
6
45. 6
_
_
_
_
_
Trucking -----------------------------------35
44. 3
3
155. 0
349. 8
17
113. 4
9
5
35. 6
1
1. 5
_
_
_
P a sse n g e r t r a n s it -------------------_
_
6
37. 7
2
6. 3
2
28. 0
2
3. 5
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
C om m u n ication s ---------------------------75
492. 1
60
380. 7
12
82. 3
3
29. 2
43
88. 8
14
U tilitie s: E le c tr ic and ga s ---------2
27. 3
7. 0
18
1
3. 3
1
39. 1
1. 8
1
1. 7
6
8. 7
7th day w ork
_
_
A ll In d ustrie s ----------------------1, 847. 5 148 1, 374. 5
36
117. 7
309
116
294. 0
2
2. 6
4
53. 7
3
5. 1
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
_
M anufacturing --------------------------141
641. 5
435. 4
57
13
36. 4
70
168. 6
1
1. 1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
_
C h em ica ls and a llie d p rod u cts —
50
95. 7
3
8
13. 6
11. 1
71. 0
39
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
P e tro leu m and rela te d p rod u cts —
18
36. 6
10
18. 6
3
5
8. 8
9. 3
_
.
N ew sp a p ers -----------------------------------7
_
11. 6
6
10. 5
1
1. 1
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u str ie s ----------66
497. 7
395. 2
38
2
13. 6
26
88. 9
168 1, 206. 0
N onm anufacturing -------------------81. 3
46
125. 4
2
2. 6
939. 1 23
91
3
52. 6
3
5. 1
730. 3
25
T ran sp o rtatio n ----------------------------57
575. 0
64. 5
16
45. 2
13
1
1. 6
2
44. 0
400. 0
1
R a ilroa d s ---------------------------------1
400. 0
15
15
A ir lin e s ------------------------------------59. 3
59. 3
:
M a r itim e -----------------------------------:
215. 9
4
126. 7
Trucking -----------------------------------45. 2
13
2
19
44. 0
'22
55. 2
20
48. 4
5. 2
P a sse n g e r t r a n s it -------------------1
1
1. 6
55
52
C om m u n ication s ---------------------------10. 4
1
1
349. 8
1. 0
329. 8
1
8. 6
56
126. 0
14
34. 3
7
U tilitie s: E le c tr ic and gas ---------32
16. 8
69. 9
3
5. 1
1 In clu d es a g r ee m e n ts w h ich sp e c ifie d IV 2 or double tim e. In 2 p rov isio n s, co v erin g Saturday w ork, the rate w as dependent on location; in 1, double tim e in stea d of 1 V2 w as p r o ­
vid ed if le s s than 50 p e r ce n t of the d ep a rtm en t w orked on the 6th day. The rem ain in g a g ree m e n ts p rovided double tim e in stea d of 1 V2 if Sunday or the 7th day w a s the 7th co n secu tiv e
day w orked; if the 7th day fe ll on Sunday; if the 6th day w as a lso worked; or for the second or third and su b sequ en t co n sec u tiv e Sundays w orked (telep h one industry); or for . sp e c ia l groups
or co n d itio n s.
2 The a g r ee m e n ts sp e c ifie d , for Saturday w ork, p rem iu m s of 3 cen ts and 15 c en ts per hour, $3 per day, and (in m a ritim e) from $ 2 .5 8 to $ 4 .2 3 per hour ad dition al. For 6th day
w ork, 1 a g r ee m e n t sp e c ifie d 3 cen ts p er hour or 5 p ercen t co m m issio n additional, w h ich ev er w as g r e a ter , and the other (b ro ad ca stin g ), $ 3 .5 0 per hour. F or Sunday w ork, 3 cen ts per
hour w a s sp e c ifie d in 2 tr a n sit a g r e e m e n ts, and fla t su m s ranging from $ 2 .8 0 to $ 4 .2 3 per hour in 4 m a r itim e a g r ee m e n ts. F or w ork on the 7th day, $ 3 .5 0 per hour a d dition al w as
sp e c ifie d in a b roa d ca stin g a g r ee m e n t, and 3 c en ts or 5 p ercen t c o m m issio n , w h ich ever w as g r e a ter , in a taxicab a g reem en t.
3 M inim um p rem iu m r a te s w e r e 15 cen ts and 30 cen ts per hour, for Saturday w ork, and ranged fro m 15 to 75 cen ts per hour for Sunday w ork.
4 In clu d es a g r ee m e n ts w h ich sp e c ifie d , for som e occup ation s, lo ca tio n s or a ssig n m e n ts, 1V2 for Saturday w ork and IV2 or double tim e for Sunday w ork, and no p rem iu m for oth ers;
1V4 for Saturday m orning and 1V2 th ereafter; and (m a ritim e) fla t su m s ranging from $ 1 .7 8 to $ 4 .2 3 per hour, varying by occup ation and by p ort or se a duty for Saturday and Sunday w ork.
5 In clu d es a g r ee m e n ts not c la s s ifia b le e lse w h e r e , w ith prem ium r a tes of 1 V4 . I 3/-*. or 1V2 for m a in ten an ce and e le c tr ic a l cr e w s only, under sp e c ifie d cond ition s or a fter 4 h ours'
w ork, for Saturday and 6th day work; and, fo r Sunday and 7th day w ork, ra tes ranging fro m 40 cen ts to 90 cen ts per hour, l 3/s, l 3/4, or double tim e, and tr ip le tim e for em ergen cy w ork.
H ighly d iv e r sifie d p rem iu m re q u ire m e n ts w e r e stipu lated .
N O TE :

B ecause of rounding,




sum s of individual item s may not equal totals.




Table 6. Premium Days Part of Regular Workweek, by Industry
(Saturday and Sunday as p rem iu m days p art of reg u lar w ork w eek under
m ajor c o lle c tiv e bargaining a g r ee m e n ts, se le c te d in d u str ie s, 1966)
(W orkers in thousands)
F o r r e g u la r ly sch ed u led w ork on—
T otal
Satur day
Sunday
A g reem en ts
W orkers
A greem en ts
W orkers
A g reem en ts
W orkers

Industry

A ll in d u s tr ie s __________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________________ ___
C h em ica ls and a llied products __ _
P e tro leu m and rela ted p roducts _
N ew sp a p ers __ _ ____
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u str ie s__
_
_
N onm anufacturing
_
.........
T ra n sp o rtatio n
_ _
R ailroad s
__ __ ____ _
A ir lin e s
M a ritim e
T rucking
P a sse n g e r tr a n sit _
C om m u n ication s
U tilitie s: E le c tr ic and gas

__
..... . ..

.................. ................
_ _____

.. .. . ............
... ..............

486
197
62
20
8
107
289
127
1
15
26
55
30
82
80

2, 5 3 2 .0
743.
114.
40.
13.
575.
1, 788.

5
8
3
3
1
5

1, 095.
400.
59.
117.
411.
106.
510.
182.

5
0
3
5
8
9
5
5

NOTE: B eca u se of rounding, su m s of individual item s m ay not equal to ta ls.

50
27

205. 1

254

50. 3

15
_
1
11
23
18
_
_
13
3
2
1
4

25. 6
3. 0
21. 7
154. 8

115
31
_
3
81
139
27
_
_
14
9
4
71
41

142. 9
_

_

71. 0
44. 0
28. 0
3. 5
8. 4

1, 309. 2
586. 8
48. 5
4. 6
533. 7
722. 5
177. 1
_
72. 0
74. 8
30. 4
444. 3
101. 1




Table 7. Premium Rates for Work on Saturday and Sunday as Part of Regular Workweek
(P rem iu m ra tes under m ajor c o lle c tiv e bargaining a g r ee m e n ts, se le c te d in d u str ie s, 1966)
^ (W o^ rkers^ njjhou ^ sands^

P rem ium rate

Saturday
A g reem en ts
W orkers

Sunday
A g reem en ts

W ork ers
1 ,3 0 9 .
493.
501.
29.

W ith p rem iu m p ay1______________________________

50

205. 1

254

IV4 tim e s reg u lar r a te _________________________________
1 V2 tim e s reg u lar r a te _________________________________
2 tim e s reg u la r r a te ___________________________________
1V2 tim e s for fir s t or fir st 2 Sundays worked;
double tim e fo r second or third and
su b sequ en t co n secu tive S u nd ays_____________________
C ents p er hour or fla t-su m ad dition 2
M in im u m p rem iu m u n less o v ertim e or
oth er p rem iu m a p p lica b le3___________________________
P rem iu m v a r ie s by wage range,
o ccu p ation , e tc .4 5_____________________________________
_
O ther -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
18

3. 5
41. 5

64
100
14

-

10
4
7
9

-

48. 9
6. 4
52. 1
52. 8

12
31
6
10
17

2
5
1
8

61. 9
87. 1
7. 1
56. 2
72. 7

1 N one of th ese a g reem en ts sp ecified m in im u m w ork r e q u irem en ts.
2 P rem iu m ra tes ranged from 3 to 50 cen ts per hour for Saturday w ork and from 3 cen ts to $ 1 per hour for Sunday
w ork . F la t-su m additions w ere sp e cified , so m e varying by "standby" tim e and tim e w ork ed, fo r Saturday or Sunday w ork.
3 M inim um p rem iu m ra tes ranged from 25 to 50 cen ts p er hour for Saturday or Sunday w ork.
4 In clu d es a g reem en ts w hich sp e cified p rem iu m r a te s, for Saturday or Sunday w ork , of 10 and 15 cen ts p er hour for
so m e g r o u p s, and no prem iu m for others; 1 Vs for so m e groups and 1 V2 for oth ers; and (m a ritim e) flat su m s ranging from
$ 1. 78 to $ 4 . 23 per hour, varying by occupation and by port or se a duty.
5 In clu d es a g reem en ts w hich sp ecified 1 V2 p rem iu m rate or fla t-su m additions fo r Saturday and Sunday w ork for so m e
lo c a tio n s or d ep a rtm en ts, and no prem ium for o th ers; or 1 Vz a fter 6 h o u rs, or stra ig h t tim e for 8 h o u rs, w h ich ev er w as
g r e a ter ; and fo r Sunday w ork, p rem iu m rates of lV io, 1 V5 , 1^5, 1^4, or double tim e for sp e c ifie d group s and no p rem iu m
for o th e r s.
N O TE :

Because of rounding, sum s of individual item s may not equal totals.

Table 8. Premium Rates for Work on Saturday and Sunday as Part of Regular Workweek, by Industry

Industry

Num ber w ith
p rem ium pay
p r o v isio n s1
A g r e e ­ W ork­
m ents er s

Saturday w ork
A ll in d u str ie s -----------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------C h em ica ls and a llie d p rod u cts -----P etro leu m and rela te d p rod u cts —
N ew sp a p ers -------------------------------------P r im a r y m e ta l in d u str ie s --------------

☆ u. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1966 O - 240-649

N onm anufacturing ----------------------T ran sp o rtatio n -------------------------------R a ilroa d s ------------------------------------A ir lin e s ---------------------------------------M a ritim e ------------------------------------T rucking ------------------------------------P a sse n g e r tr a n sit ----------------------C om m u n ication s ----------------------------U tilitie s: E le c tr ic and gas ----------Sunday w ork
A ll in d u str ie s -----------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------C h em ica ls and a llie d p rod u cts -----P e tro leu m and r e la te d p rod u cts —
N ew sp a p ers ------------------------------------P r im a r y m eta l in d u str ie s -------------N onm anufacturing --------------------T ra n sp o rtatio n -------------------------------R a ilroa d s -----------------------------------A ir lin e s ---------------------------------------M a ritim e ------------------------------------T rucking ------------------------------------P a sse n g e r tr a n sit --------------------C om m u n ication s ------------------------------U tilitie s: E le c tr ic and gas -----------

(P rem ium r a te s under m ajor c o lle c tiv e bargain in g a g ree m e n ts, se le c te d in d u str ie s,
(W ork ers in thousands)
T im e and on eh alf for fir s t or
fir s t 2 Sundays C ents per hour
Tim e and
w orked; double
Tim e and
or fla t-su m
Double tim e
one-fourth
la lf
tim e for second
ad dition 2
or third and su b ­
sequent c o n se c u ­
tiv e Sundays
A g r e e ­ W ork­ A g r e e ­ W ork- A g r e e ­ W ork­ A g r e e ­ W ork­ A g r e e ­ W ork­
m en ts
ers
m en ts
er s
m en ts
er s
m en ts
ers
m en ts
ers

50

205. 1

2

3. 5

18

41. 5

_

27
15
1
11
23
18
13
3
2
1
4

50. 3
25. 6
3. 0
21. 7
154. 8

2
2
-

3. 5
3. 5
-

13
5
8
5

25. 9
8. 4
17. 5
15. 6

.

_

4
3
1
1

13. 6
10. 1
3. 5
2. 0

-

"
-

_
"
.
_
-

_
-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
61. 9

142. 9
71. 0
44. 0
28. 0
3. 5
8. 4

-

254 1, 309. 2

64

493. 5

100

501. 1

14

29. 8

12

115

586. 8

46

32

84. 7

13

26. 3

_

31
3
81

48. 5
4. 6
533. 7
722. 5
177. 1
_
72. 0
74. 8
30. 4
444. 3
101. 1

440. 3
_
-

15

24. 1
-

4
1
8

7. 2
1. 7
17. 5

1
1
_
1
-

3. 5
3. 5
_
3. 5

139
27
14
9
4
71
41

-

-

-

46
18

440. 3
53. 2

1
_
1
-

1. 0
_
1. 0
-

-

17

-

52. 2

-

17
68
7
_
3
4
58
3

-

60. 7
416. 4
35. 3
_
10. 1
25. 2
373. 8
7. 3

.

-

"

-

_

.

O ther5

W ork­ A g r e e ­
ers
m ents

Work­
ers

7
_

52. 1
.

9

52. 8

-

-

3
1
-

_
_
_
-

7
7
_
6
1
_
-

52. 1
52. 1
_
_
40. 6
11. 5
_
_
-

2
6
2
_
_
1
1
_
1
3

3. 9
1. 3
2. 6

4

6. 4

10. 7
7. 7
3. 0

4

6. 4
4. 8
1. 6
-

38. 3
38. 3
10. 3
28. 0
_
-

3
1
_
_
"

31

87. 1

6

7. 1

10

56. 2

17

72. 7

12

18. 8
10. 0

7. 1
3. 1
-

2
2

2. 9

-

6
3
-

3
-

-

4. 0
-

-

6. 8
1. 3

-

_
_
-

_
_

8
7
_
6
1
_

-

-

_

"

“

4
1
2
1
13
6
_
1
3
2
1
6

-

-

_
61. 9
"

P rem iu m
v a r ie s by
w age range,
occupation,
etc. 4

W ork- A g r e e ­
er s
m en ts

48. 9

-

_
12
"

A gree­
m en ts

5
4
1
5
5
3
2
_

-

61. 9

M inim um
p rem iu m u n le ss
o v ertim e or
h igh er p rem iu m
a p p lic a b le 3

10

6
-

12

1966)

6
19
5
_
3
2
-

14

8. 8
68. 4
38. 3
_
10. 3
28. 0
30. 1

1

2. 9
-

“
53. 3
52. 1
_
40. 6
11. 5
_

1. 3

48. 9
39. 0
_
_
10. 0
29. 0
3. 5
6. 4

-

2. 9
2. 6
65. 9
47. 0
_
10. 0
34. 6
2. 4
8. 6
10. 3

1 None of th e se a g r ee m e n ts sp ecified m inim um w ork req u irem en ts.
P rem iu m r a te s ranged from 3 to 50 cen ts per hour for Saturday w ork and fro m 3 cen ts to $ 1 per hour for Sunday w ork. F la t-su m ad dition s w ere sp e c ifie d , som e varying by
"standby" tim e and tim e w ork ed, for Saturday or Sunday work.
3 M inim um p rem iu m r a te s ranged from 25 to 50 cen ts per hour for Saturday or Sunday w ork.
In clu d es a g r ee m e n ts w hich sp ecified prem iu m r a te s, fo r Saturday or Sunday w ork, of 10 and 15 cen ts per hour for som e groups, and no p rem iu m for oth ers; lVs for som e
group s and 1 V2 for o th ers; and (m a ritim e) fla t su m s ranging from $ 1 .7 8 to $ 4 .2 3 per hour, v aryin g by occupation and by p ort or sea duty.
In clu d es a g r ee m e n ts w h ich sp ecified 1 V2 prem iu m rate or fla t-su m ad dition s for Saturday and Sunday w ork for som e lo ca tio n s or d ep a rtm en ts, and no p rem iu m for others; or
1 / 2 a fter 6 h o u rs, or stra ig h t tim e for 8 h ours, w h ich ever was g reater; and, for Sunday w ork, p rem iu m r a te s of l7io> 1V5 , l 3/ 5 » l 3/ 4 , or double tim e for sp e c ifie d groups and no p r e ­
m ium for o th ers.
N O TE :

B ecause of rounding,




sums of individual item s may not equal totals.

01