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PAID SICK LEAVE PROVISIONS
IN MAJOR UNION CONTRACTS,

1959




Bulletin No. 1282
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




P A ID S I C K L E A V E P R O V IS IO N S
IN

M A J O R U N IO N C O N T R A C T S ,

1959

Bulletin No. 1282
November I960

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, W ashington 25, D.C.




- Price

30

cents







Preface
T h is b u lle t in d e a ls w ith p aid s ic k le a v e p la n s in
c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to
p r o t e c t w o r k e r s a g a in s t w a g e l o s s due to o f f - t h e - j o b i l l ­
n e s s o r in ju r y .
U n ifo r m and g r a d u a te d p a id s ic k le a v e
p la n s a r e a n a ly z e d w ith r e g a r d to le n g th o f s e r v i c e r e ­
q u ir e d to r e c e i v e b e n e f it s , b e n e fit p e r i o d , a m ou n t o f b e n ­
e fit , w a itin g p e r io d b e f o r e b e n e fits c o m m e n c e d , a c c u m u ­
la tio n o f u n u sed s ic k le a v e , p ay f o r u n u se d s ic k le a v e ,
m e d ic a l e v id e n c e , e x c lu d e d i l l n e s s e s and i n ju r i e s , and
s u p p le m e n ts to a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s in s u r a n c e and w o r k ­
m e n ^ c o m p e n s a t io n .
B e c a u s e o f the b a s ic s im i la r i t y o f p u r p o s e b e ­
tw een p a id s ic k le a v e and a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s in s u r a n c e ,
and the d iffic u lt y o f d e fin in g e a ch in e x c lu s iv e t e r m s , d i s ­
tin g u is h in g fe a t u r e s a r e p o in te d out in th is stu d y .
A tota l o f 1 ,5 9 4 m a jo r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e ­
m e n ts e a ch c o v e r in g 1 ,0 0 0 o r m o r e w o r k e r s , e x c lu s iv e o f
r a i lr o a d and a ir lin e a g r e e m e n t s , w e r e s tu d ie d f o r p a id
s ic k l e a v e .
T h e 7 .2 m i ll io n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y th e s e
a g r e e m e n t s r e p r e s e n t e d a p p r o x im a t e ly h a lf o f a ll w o r k e r s
e s t im a t e d to b e u n d e r a g r e e m e n t s in the U n ited S ta te s ,
e x c lu s iv e o f r a i lr o a d and a ir lin e a g r e e m e n t s .
The p r o ­
v i s io n s o f th e s e a g r e e m e n t s do n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
p o li c y in s m a l le r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g s itu a tio n s .
Th e
a g r e e m e n t s s tu d ie d w e r e p a r t o f the file o f c u r r e n t a g r e e ­
m e n ts m a in ta in e d b y the B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s fo r
p u b lic and g o v e r n m e n ta l u s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s e c t io n 211
o f the L a b o r M a n a g e m e n t R e la tio n s A c t , 1947.
In a d d itio n to an a n a ly s is o f s ic k le a v e p r o v i s io n s ,
th is b u lle tin a ls o in c lu d e s a n u m b e r o f c la u s e s illu s tr a tin g
the p r o v i s io n s o f v a r io u s s ic k le a v e p la n s .
M in o r e d i ­
t o r ia l ch a n g e s w e r e m a d e in s o m e c la u s e s to en h an ce
c l a r i t y and i r r e l e v a n t p a r ts w e r e o m itte d w h e r e f e a s ib le .
S e v e r a l e n tir e s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e r e p r o d u c e d in the a p ­
p e n d ix and the n a m e s o f the e m p lo y e r and u n io n that n e ­
g o tia te d the c o n t r a c t f r o m w h ich the p la n s w e r e e x c e r p t e d
a r e a ls o g iv e n .
T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's D iv is io n
o f W age and In d u s tr ia l R e la tio n s b y H e n ry S. R o s e n b lo o m
u n d er the s u p e r v is io n o f H a r r y P . C oh an y.

m




Contents
Page
In tr o d u c tio n _________________________________________________
S c o p e o f stu d y __________________________________________________________________________
P r e v a le n c e o f p a id s ic k l e a v e ________________________________________________________
E lig ib ilit y and b e n e fits ________________________________________________________________
M in im u m s e r v i c e r e q u ir e m e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ifo r m p la n s _______________________________________________________________________
G ra d u a te d p la n s , m in im u m b e n e fits _____________________________________________
G ra d u a te d p la n s , m a x im u m b e n e fits _____________________________________________
W aitin g p e r i o d _______________________________________________________________________
U n u sed s ic k le a v e ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A c c u m u la tio n o f p a id s ic k l e a v e ---------------------------------------------------------------------------P a y f o r s ic k le a v e at end o f b e n e fit y e a r -----------------------------------------------------------P a y f o r s ic k le a v e at jo b t e r m i n a t i o n ------------------------------------------------------------------M e d ic a l c o n t r o l and d i s c i p l i n e ________________________________________________________
M e d ic a l e v id e n c e -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------D is c ip lin e f o r a b u se o f s ic k le a v e -----------------------------------------------------------------------E x c lu d e d i ll n e s s e s and in ju r ie s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------S ick le a v e s u p p le m e n ts ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s i n s u r a n c e _________________________________________________
W o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n _________________________________________________________

1
1
2
4
4
4
7
10
13
15
15
18
19
20
20
22
23
24
24
24

T a b le s :
1.

P a id s ic k le a v e p la n s in m a jo r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n ts
b y i n d u s t r y -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2.
M in im u m s e r v i c e r e q u ir e d f o r p a id s ic k le a v e in m a jo r c o l l e c ­
tiv e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n ts b y in d u s tr y g r o u p --------------------------------------3.
U n ifo r m p a id s ic k le a v e b e n e fits in m a jo r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g
a g r e e m e n ts b y s e le c t e d in d u s tr ie s -----------------------------------------------------------4.
M in im u m b e n e fits u n d e r g r a d u a te d p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s in m a jo r
c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n ts b y s e le c t e d in d u s tr ie s ____________
5.
M a x im u m b e n e fits u n d e r g ra d u a te d p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s in m a jo r
c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n ts b y s e le c t e d in d u s tr ie s _____________
6.
M a x im u m b e n e fits u n d e r g ra d u a te d p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s in m a jo r
c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n ts b y le n g th o f s e r v i c e r e q u i r e d _____
7.
W aitin g p e r i o d b e f o r e p a id s ic k le a v e b e n e fits b e g in in m a jo r c o l ­
l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t s b y in d u s tr y g ro u p ______________________
8. A c c u m u la t io n o f p a id s ic k le a v e in m a jo r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g
a g r e e m e n ts b y in d u s tr y g ro u p _____________________________________________
9P a y f o r u n u sed s ic k le a v e at end o f b e n e fit y e a r in m a jo r c o l ­
le c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t s b y in d u s tr y g r o u p _____________________
10. P a y f o r u n u sed s ic k le a v e at tim e o f jo b t e r m in a tio n in m a jo r
c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n ts b y in d u s tr y g ro u p __________________
11. M e d ic a l e v id e n c e r e q u ir e d to r e c e i v e p a id s ic k le a v e b e n e fits
in m a jo r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n ts b y in d u s tr y g r o u p _______
12. M e th o d o f p a y in g s ic k le a v e s u p p le m e n ts to w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n ­
s a tio n in m a jo r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t s b y in d u s ­
t r y g r o u p _____________________________________________________________________

A p p e n d ix :




S e le c t e d c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g p r o v is io n s ------------------------------------------v

3
5
6
8
11
12
14
16
18
19
20

25

27




Paid Sick Leave Provisions in Major Union Contracts, 1959

I n tr o d u c tio n
P a id s ic k l e a v e , on e o f the o ld e r fr in g e b e n e f it s , h as a lw a y s b e e n m o r e
p r e v a le n t a m on g o f f i c e w o r k e r s than a m o n g plan t o r p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s .
D u rin g
the p a s t tw o d e c a d e s , as v a r io u s ty p e s o f s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fits f o r p r o d u c tio n
w o r k e r s h ave d e v e lo p e d and s p r e a d , p r o t e c t io n a g a in s t w a ge l o s s due to o f f - t h e jo b i ll n e s s o r in ju r y h as l a r g e ly ta k en the f o r m o f in s u r e d a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s
b e n e fit s in h ea lth and w e lfa r e p r o g r a m s , r a th e r than s ic k l e a v e .
T h u s, fa r
m o r e w a ge e a r n e r s a r e n ow c o v e r e d b y a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s in s u r a n c e than b y
f o r m a l s ic k le a v e p r o g r a m s .
In a d d itio n to the g ro w th o f v o lu n ta r y in s u r a n c e
c o v e r a g e , fo u r S ta tes h av e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s p r o v id in g w a g e l o s s p r o t e c t io n in n o n o c c u p a tio n a l d i s a b il i t ie s . 1

B e c a u s e o f the v a r ie t y o f p r o v is io n s fou n d a m on g s ic k le a v e and a c ­
c id e n t and s ic k n e s s b e n e fit p la n s , and b e c a u s e o f th e ir b a s ic s im i la r i t y o f p u r ­
p o s e , it is d iffic u lt to d e fin e e a c h type o f plan in e x c lu s iv e t e r m s .
Th e f o l ­
lo w in g ta b u la tio n s m a y s e r v e as a c u r r e n t gu ide f o r d is tin g u is h in g b e tw e e n s ic k
le a v e and a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s p la n ^ w h e fe s u ch a d is t in c t io n is n e e d e d , as it
w a s f o r th is stu d y . 2

S c o p e o f Study
T h is stu d y o f s ic k le a v e p la n s u n d e r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g is b a s e d on
an a n a ly s is o f 1, 594 m a jo r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t s , e a c h c o v e r i n g
1, 000 o r m o r e w o r k e r s , o r v ir t u a lly a ll a g r e e m e n t s o f th is s iz e in e f f e c t in the
U n ited S ta te s , e x c lu s iv e o f th o s e r e la tin g to r a i lr o a d s and a i r l i n e s . 3 T h e 7 .2 m i l ­
lio n w o r k e r s c o v e r e d b y th e s e a g r e e m e n ts r e p r e s e n t e d a lm o s t h a lf o f a ll w o r k ­
e r s e s tim a te d to be u n d er a g r e e m e n ts in the U n ited S ta te s , e x c lu s iv e o f r a i l ­
r o a d s and a ir lin e a g r e e m e n t s .
O f th e s e 7 .2 m i ll io n w o r k e r s , a p p r o x im a t e ly
4 . 4 m illio n w e r e c o v e r e d b y 996 a g r e e m e n ts in m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r ie s , and
n e a r ly 3 m illio n w e r e c o v e r e d b y 598 a g r e e m e n ts in n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g .

S e v e n t y -fiv e p e r c e n t o f the a g r e e m e n t s 'w e r e in e f f e c t a ft e r J a n u a ry 1,
1 95 9.
T h e r e s t e ith e r had e x p ir e d in la te 1958 o r d id n ot l is t a s p e c i f i c t e r m in a ­
tio n d a te.
T h e a n a ly s is o f s ic k le a v e p la n s is lim it e d to the fe a t u r e s s e t fo r t h in
the b a s ic c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t . P r o v i s i o n s c o n ta in e d in s e p a r a te d o c u ­
m e n t s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n ot h ave b e e n n e g o tia te d , w e r e n ot a n a ly z e d .
B e­
c a u s e o f th is , the e x te n t o f s ic k le a v e m a y b e u n d e r s ta te d in th is stu d y .

1 R h od e Is la n d (1 9 4 2 ), C a lif o r n ia (1 9 4 6 ), N ew J e r s e y (1 9 4 8 ), and N ew
Y o r k (1 9 4 9 ).
H ealth and In s u ra n c e P la n s U n d er C o lle c t iv e B a r g a in in g :
A c c id e n t and
S ic k n e s s B e n e fit s , F a ll 1958 (BB S B u ll. 1250) p r o v id e s a b a s is f o r c o m p a r in g
s ic k le a v e p r o v is io n s in a g r e e m e n t s and a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s b e n e fit s in c o l ­
l e c t i v e l y b a r g a in e d h ea lth and w e lfa r e p r o g r a m s .
L a t e r fo o tn o te s w ill e m p h a s iz e
the m a jo r d i f f e r e n c e s .
3
T h e B u re a u d o e s n ot m a in ta in a file o f r a ilr o a d and a ir lin e a g r e e m e n t s ,
h e n c e th e ir o m i s s i o n f r o m th is stu d y .




2
D is tin g u is h in g fe a t u r e s o f a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s and p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s

Ite m
M e th o d o f
f i n a n c i n g ___________

S ou rce o f
f i n a n c i n g ___________

A m ount of
b e n e f i t ---------------------

A c c id e n t and s i c k n e s s b e n e fits

P a id s ic k le a v e

T y p ic a lly th rou g h p u r c h a s e
o f in s u r a n c e ; s o m e t im e s
s e l f - i n s u r e d , that i s , paid
ou t o f a fun d to w h ich c o n ­
tr ib u tio n s had b e e n m a d e .

N e v e r p r o v id e d th ro u g h
in s u r a n c e — a p a y r o ll it e m .

M a y b e fin a n c e d b y e m ­
p lo y e r o n ly , b y e m p lo y e r
and w o r k e r s jo in t ly , o r b y
w o r k e r s a lo n e .

F in a n c e d b y e m p lo y e r as a
w a ge it e m .

F u ll p ay r a r e l y , i f e v e r ,
p r o v id e d . B e n e fits m a y
v a r y b y e a r n in g s l e v e l ,
bu t n ot b y len g th o f
s e r v ic e .

F u ll p a y , o r c o m b in a t io n o f
fu ll and p a r tia l p a y , u s u a lly
p r o v id e d . P a r t ia l p a y s o m e ­
tim e s p r o v id e d . R a te o f pay
m a y s o m e t im e s v a r y b y le n g th
o f s e r v ic e .

B e n e fit p e r i o d _______ C o m m o n ly f o r 2 6 w e e k s ,
and r a r e l y f o r l e s s than
13 w e e k s , p e r y e a r o r
p e r d is a b ilit y . U su a lly
s a m e f o r a ll w o r k e r s
c o v e r e d b y p la n .
C r e d it f o r
u n u sed p o r tio n
o f b e n e f i t ___________ N o c r e d i t to w o r k e r s c o v ­
e r e d in t e r m s o f a d d itio n a l
le a v e o r p a y . No a c c u m u ­
la tio n o f u n u sed p o r tio n
f r o m y e a r to y e a r .

R a n g e s f r o m 1 d ay to a fu ll
y e a r , bu t t y p ic a lly l e s s than
13 w e e k s . F r e q u e n t ly v a r ie s
b y le n g th o f s e r v i c e .

A d m i n i s t r a t i o n _______A d m in is t e r e d b y in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y , o r e m p lo y e r , o r
b y the tw o jo in t ly . S ta n d ­
a r d iz e d in s u r a n c e r u le s
and p r o c e d u r e s ten d to
p r e v a il.

A d m in is t e r e d b y e m p lo y e r .
R u le s e s t a b lis h e d b y e m p lo y e r
o r jo in t ly b y e m p lo y e r and
u n io n .

W o r k e r s m a y b e p aid f o r u n ­
u s e d s ic k le a v e o r m a y b e
a llo w e d to a c c u m u la te u n u sed
le a v e f r o m y e a r to y e a r .

P r e v a le n c e o f P a id S ick L e a v e
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p aid s ic k le a v e w e r e fou n d in 322 a g r e e m e n t s , c o v e r in g
a b ou t 1 .4 m illio n w o r k e r s , o r a p p r o x im a te ly a fifth o f the a g r e e m e n t s and a g r e e ­
m e n t c o v e r a g e s tu d ie d (ta b le 1 ).
P a id s ic k le a v e p r o v is io n s w e r e m o r e p r e v a le n t
in n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g a g r e e m e n t s (32 p e r c e n t ) than in m a n u fa ctu rin g (13 p e r c e n t ).
U tilitie s and c o m m u n ic a tio n s in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d a c c o u n te d f o r a lm o s t 40 p e r c e n t
o f the to ta l n u m b e r o f s ic k le a v e p lan s a n a ly z e d .




Table 1.

Paid sick leave plans in m ajor co llectiv e bargaining ag re em en ts by indu stry,

1959

A g re e m e n ts providing paid sick leave
Number studied
Industry
A g ree­
ments

A ll industries

U niform plans

Total

W o rk ers

A gree­
m ents

W o rk ers

A gree­
m ents

W ork ers

• Graduated plans
by length of se rv ic e
A gree­
m ents

R eference to paid
sick leave but details
not available

Other 1

W o rk ers

A gree­
m ents

W ork ers

A gree­
m ents

W o rk e rs

--------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,5 9 4

7 , 2 2 5 .2

322

1 ,4 1 0 .2

128

51 7 . 3

149

698. 7

35

83. 7

10

110. 5

M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

996

4, 3 7 0 . 6

130

610. 5

66

297. 0

50

244. 0

9

2 2 .2

5

47. 4

Ordnance ---------------------------------------------------------------------------Food and kindred p r o d u c ts --------------------------------------------T obacco m anufactures ---------------------------------------------------Textile m ill p r o d u c ts ------------------------------------------------------A p parel and other finished textile p r o d u c ts --------------Lum ber and wood products, except furniture ---------Furniture and fixtures ---------------------------------------------------Paper and allied p r o d u c ts ----------------------------------------------P rinting, publishing, and allied industries -------------C h em icals and allied p r o d u c ts -------------------------------------Products of petroleum and c o a l ----------------------------------Rubber products ---------------------------------------------------------------Leather and leather products ---------------------------------------Stone, cla y , and g lass p r o d u c ts -----------------------------------P rim a ry m etal in d u s t r ie s ----------------------------------------------F abricated m etal p ro d u c ts---------------------------------------------M ach in ery, except e le c tric a l ---------------------------------------E le c tric a l m ach in ery-------------------------------------------------------T ransportation equipm ent --------------------------------------------Instrum ents and related p r o d u c ts --------------------------------M iscella n eou s m anufacturing in d u s t r ie s --------------------

12
118
11
36
45
11
18
46
30
51
16
24
21
32
123
50
107
98
110
24
13

2 8 .2
395. 0
2 7. 8
89. 5
477. 0
34. 0
2 9 .9
1 0 2 .9
64. 7
103. 6
54. 7
132. 1
7 0 .4
9 3 .2
7 2 4 .0
1 3 9 .2
2 5 2 .3
430. 6
1 ,0 4 4 .4
56. 7
2 0 .9

6
26
1
-

16. 3
115. 6
1 .3
-

4
10
1
-

2
16
-

3. 3
9 7 .9

.

_

.

.

-

-

-

N onm anufacturing --------------------------------------------------

598

2 ,8 5 4 .6

M ining, crude p e tro le u m , and natural
gas production ---------------------------------------------------------------T ransportation 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------C om m unications ---------------------------------------------------------------U tilities: E le c tr ic and g a s --------------------------------------------W h olesa le t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------R etail tra d e-------------------------------------------------------------------------H otels and restau rants --------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------C o n s tr u c tio n ----------------------------------------------------------------------M iscella n eou s nonm anufacturing industries -------------

16
106
73
75
11
85
35
49
142
6

261. 1
5 67. 7
5 4 5 .2
1 9 6 .7
2 1 .7
2 1 5 .9
1 8 4 .4
1 7 4 .3
6 7 8 .3
9 .4

8. 7
3. 5
2 7 .0
2 5 .4
1 .3
3. 3
1 5 .2
3 9 .3
6. 0
8 0 .9
2 5 6 .3
10. 7
-

6
6
1
1
2
2
13
19
1
-

13. 1
17. 7
1 .3
8. 7
1 1 .6
1 .5
1 .6
2. 3
2 .2
76. 4
156. 8
3 .9
-

192

7 99. 7

62

220. 3

99

45 4 . 7

2
25
63
60
3
27
3
8
1

4. 0
5 9 .9
4 7 0 .9
140. 6
5. 5
75. 1
2 1 .8
20. 8
1 .1

1
14
4
13
2
19
3
5
1

1 .2
3 9 .2
4 1 .2
48. 9
2. 7
47. 6
2 1 .8
16. 7
1. 1

9
49
32
1
5
3
-

1 8 .3
3 5 1 .9
62. 4
2. 8
1 5 .3
4. 1
-

-

6
2
15
6
1
2
4
4
5
14
33
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
4
1
1
3
2
12
4
-

10. 1
15. 0
1 .3
1 .8
13. 6
2. 4
92. 1
6. 8
-

2
4
2
1
-

3. 5
5. 3
10. 5
-

-

3. 0
-

2
1
1
1
-

26

6 1 .5

5

6 3 .2

1
1
6
15
3
-

2. 8
1. 1
16. 1
2 9 .4
1 2 .2
-

1
4
-

1 .4
6 1 .8
-

-

"

3 7. 0
1 .4
4. 5
4. 5
-

1 Includes 5 m anufacturing and 1 nonmanufacturing agreem ents which provided sick leave fo r a m in o rity of em p loy ees and 4 com m unications agreem en ts which contained
both uniform and graduated plans that covered different groups of em p lo y ees.
2 E xcludes railroad and airlin e indu stries.
NOTE:




B ecau se of rounding,

sum s of individual item s m ay not equal totals
CO

4
In s e v e r a l in d u s t r ie s — te x t ile m i ll p r o d u c t s , a p p a r e l, lu m b e r , fu r n itu r e ,
r u b b e r , m is c e lla n e o u s m a n u fa c tu r in g , and c o n s t r u c t io n — no m a jo r c o n t r a c t c o n ­
ta in e d p r o v is io n s f o r p aid s ic k l e a v e .
U n ifo r m b e n e fit p e r io d s (n u m b e r o f d ays
a llo w e d ) f o r a ll e m p lo y e e s fu lfillin g m in im u m s e r v i c e r e q u ir e m e n t s w e r e e s t a b ­
lis h e d b y 128 a g r e e m e n t s .4 In 149 a g r e e m e n t s , s i c k l e a v e b e n e fits w e r e g ra d u a te d
b y len g th o f s e r v i c e , that i s , the lo n g e r the s e r v i c e the h ig h e r the b e n e f it s . 5 In
10 a g r e e m e n t s , s ic k le a v e plan s e ith e r c o v e r e d a m in o r it y o f e m p lo y e e s o r a
u n ifo r m plan a p p lie d to on e g r o u p o f e m p lo y e e s and a g ra d u a te d p la n to a n o th e r
grou p.
T h i r t y - f iv e c o n t r a c t s r e f e r r e d to p a id s ic k le a v e , bu t the b a s ic a g r e e ­
m e n ts did n ot d e s c r i b e the p la n s 0 In s o m e o f th e s e in s t a n c e s , the d e ta ils o f
the p la n s m a y n ot h a v e b e e n s u b je c t to u n io n -m a n a g e m e n t n e g o t ia t io n .
In any
c a s e , o n ly 277 o f the 322 p la n s w e r e s u s c e p t ib le to a n a ly s is in d e t a il.
E li g i b i li t y and B e n e fits
M in im u m s e r v i c e r e q u ir e m e n t s . — O f the 2 77 s ic k le a v e p la n s a n a ly z e d ,
a p p r o x im a t e ly 3 ou t o f 5 r e q u ir e d a y e a r o r m o r e o f s e r v i c e f o r e l ig i b i l it y
(ta b le 2 ). 6 S e r v ic e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f a y e a r o r m o r e f o r p a id s ic k le a v e w e r e
m o s t c o m m o n in the fo llo w in g in d u s t r ie s :
C o m m u n ic a tio n s (c h ie f ly g ra d u a te d
p la n s ), e l e c t r i c a l m a c h in e r y ( c h ie f ly u n ifo r m p la n s ), f o o d ( c h ie f ly g ra d u a te d
p la n s ), t r a n s p o r ta t io n e q u ip m e n t, tr a n s p o r t a t io n , u t i li t ie s , and t r a d e .
No s e r v ­
i c e r e q u ir e m e n t s (no m in im u m r e q u ir e m e n t s in the c a s e o f g r a d u a te d p la n s)
w e r e s tip u la te d in 2 9 p la n s; p r e s u m a b ly , w o r k e r s w e r e e lig ib le f o r b e n e fits
upon e m p lo y m e n t o r a fte r s e r v in g a p r o b a t io n a r y p e r io d and q u a lify in g as r e g u ­
la r e m p lo y e e s .
U n ifo r m P l a n s . — T h e n u m b e r o f d a y s o f p a id s ic k le a v e p r o v id e d w o r k ­
e r s u n d er 128 u n ifo r m p la n s r a n g e d f r o m 2 to 20 a y e a r (ta b le 3 ).
A b o u t h a lf
o f the p la n s p r o v id e d f e w e r than 8 d a y s . 7 F iv e d a ys w as s tip u la te d in a b ou t a
th ir d (38) o f the a g r e e m e n t s , in c lu d in g 13 in the t r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t in d u s tr y .
U n d er m o s t s ic k le a v e p la n s , fu ll p ay w a s p r o v id e d f o r the e n tir e b e n e ­
fit p e r i o d . 8 In o n ly 19 a g r e e m e n t s b e n e fits at l e s s than fu ll p ay f o r the e n tir e

4 A lth ou gh b e n e fits u n d e r u n ifo r m s ic k le a v e p lan s t y p ic a lly v a r y b y e a r n ­
in g s l e v e l , u n d e r u n ifo r m a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s p la n s , the s a m e d o lla r a m ou n t
is p a id to e a c h w o r k e r r e g a r d l e s s o f e a r n in g s l e v e l .
5 M a n y a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s in s u r a n c e p la n s a r e a ls o g r a d u a te d , b u t, u n ­
lik e s ic k le a v e , in s u r e d p la n s a r e g ra d u a te d a c c o r d in g to e a r n in g s , n o t s e r v i c e .
O p . c i t . , p . 6.
6 In c o n t r a s t , o n ly 4 o f 232 a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s p la n s s tu d ie d r e q u ir e d
a y e a r o f s e r v i c e f o r e l ig i b i l it y ; non e r e q u ir e d m o r e .
O p . c i t . , p . 5.
7 A m o n g 123 u n ifo r m a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s b e n e fit p la n s , m o r e than h a lf
p r o v id e d b e n e fits f o r up to 2 6 w e e k s p e r d is a b ilit y and n on e f o r l e s s than 13 w e e k s .
8
W e e k ly b e n e fits p r o v id e d b y 123 u n ifo r m a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s p la n s
r a n g e d f r o m l e s s than $ 1 5 to $ 6 5 a w e e k , w ith the m e d ia n p la n p ayin g $ 3 5 .
O p . c i t . , p. 8.
In June 1959, g r o s s a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s w e r e as f o l l o w s :
A ll m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________ $
9 1 .1 7
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s __________
8 5 . 69
P a p e r and a llie d p r o d u c ts __________
9 4 .6 0
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d p r o d u c t s _____
1 0 0 .4 3
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h in e r y ________________
9 0 .5 8
T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t __________
1 0 9 .0 6
E l e c t r i c and ga s u t i l i t i e s ____________
1 0 5 .3 7
R e t a il tr a d e (e x c e p t e a tin g and
d rin k in g p l a c e s ) _____________________
6 7 .7 9




5
T a b le 2 . M in im u m s e r v i c e r e q u ir e d f o r p a id s i c k le a v e in m a jo r
c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t s b y in d u s tr y g r o u p , 1959

^W orkers^in^housan^
A l l in d u s t r ie s
M in im u m s e r v i c e r e q u ir e m e n t s

A gree­
m e n ts

W ork ers

M a n u fa c tu rin g
A gree­
m e n ts

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

W ork ers

A greefn en ts

W ork ers

128

517. 3

66

2 9 7 .0

62

220. 3

13
5
10
5
11
63
15
6

35. 3
10. 3
50. 2
16. 1
26. 5
255. 0
1 0 3 .6
2 0 .4

4
5
6
3
4
27
12
5

8. 8
10. 3
32. 3
9 .6
15. 0
140. 2
62. 8
18. 1

9
4
2
7
36
3
1

26. 5
1 7 .9
6 .5
11. 5
114. 9
40. 8
2. 3

G ra d u a ted p l a n s _______________________

149

698. 7

50

244. 0

99

454. 7

N o s e r v i c e r e q u ir e m e n t s
s t i p u l a t e d _____________________________
1 m o n t h __________________________________
2 m o n t h s ________________________________
3 m o n th s
6 m o n t h s _____ ________________________
12 m o n th s
2 4 m on th s.
O th e r 2____________________________________

16
1
2
5
26
62
34
3

4 4 .4
2. 0
3 .4
10. 9
53. 7
268. 0
309. 3
7. 1

3
1
2
2
3
38

12. 8
2. 0
3 .4
6 .6
4. 5
2 1 1 .0

13
3
23
24
34
2

31.
4.
49.
57.
309.
3.

U n ifo r m p la n s __________________________
N o s e r v i c e r e q u ir e m e n t s
s t i p u l a t e d _____________________________
2 m o n t h s ________________________________
3 m o n th s _ __
_
_
4 m o n th s _________________________________
6 m o n th s______ _________________ __ _
12 m o n th s
2 4 m o n t h s ____ _________ ____________
O th er 1____________________________________

A l l u n ifo r m and g ra d u a te d p la n s __

277

N o s e r v i c e r e q u ir e m e n t s
s t i p u l a t e d _____________________________
1 m on th _________________________________
2 m o n th s ________________________________
3 m o n t h s ..,___ _____________ ________
4 m o n t h s _____ _____________________ _
6 m o n th s
12 m o n t h s _______________________________
24 m o n t h s _______________________________
Othe r 3______________________ ___________

29
1
7
15
5
37
125
49
9

1 ,2 1 6 .0

7 9 .7
2. 0
13. 7
61. 1
16. 1
80. 2
523. 0
412. 9
27. 5

-

1

146

7
1
7
8
3
7
65
12
6

-

3. 8

5 4 1 .0

21. 6
2. 0
13. 7
38. 9
9 .6
1 9 .5
351. 1
62. 8
2 1 .9

6

3
2
1
3
3

161

675. 0

22
7
2
30
60
37
3

58. 1
22. 2
6 .5
60. 7
171. 9
350. 1
5. 6

1 In clu d e s 2 a g r e e m e n t s in w h ich q u a lify in g s e r v i c e v a r ie d f o r d iffe r e n t c l a s s i f i c a ­
tions of e m p lo y e e s ; 2 a g r e e m e n t s w h ich r e q u ir e d that the e m p lo y e e r e c e iv e pay fo r at le a s t
90 s t r a i g h t -t im e h o u r s p e r m o n th in o r d e r to a c c r u e 12 h o u rs o f s ic k le a v e p e r m on th ;
and 2 a g r e e m e n t s o f w h ich 1 r e q u ir e d 7 y e a r s and the o th e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
2 In clu d es 1 a g r e e m e n t in w h ich q u a lify in g s e r v i c e v a r ie d fo r h o u r ly and w e e k ly ra te d
e m p lo y e e s ; 1 a g r e e m e n t w h ich r e q u ir e d on ly 9 c a le n d a r d a y s o f s e r v i c e ; and 1 a g r e e m e n t
w h ic h s p e c if ie d 36 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e .
3 See fo o tn o te s 1 and 2 a b o v e .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f rou n d in g ,

s u m s o f in d iv id u a l i t e m s m a y not eq u al t o t a ls .

p e r i o d , o r f o r p a r t, w e r e in d ic a te d (u s u a lly h a lf p a y o r p ay f o r h a lf d a y s ),
a g r e e m e n t s s tip u la te d fix e d d o lla r a m o u n ts.
I llu s t r a t iv e c la u s e s p r o v id in g u n ifo r m b e n e fits a t fu ll p ay f o llo w :
E m p lo y e e s . . . c o v e r e d b y th is a g r e e m e n t w ho h a v e at le a s t
1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e , s h a ll r e c e i v e 10 w o r k in g d ays o f s ic k le a v e
w ith p ay p e r y e a r . . .
* * *
In the e v e n t o f an e m p l o y e e ^ a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f
o c c u p a t io n a l o r n o n o c c u p a tio n a l s ic k n e s s o r a c c id e n t . . .
an
e m p lo y e e s h a ll b e e n title d to 6 d a y s o f s ic k and a c c id e n t le a v e
w ith pay d u rin g e a c h y e a r o f s e r v i c e to b e c a r r i e d at the ra te
o f o n e -h a lf d a y f o r e a c h m on th o f a c tiv e s e r v i c e .




T h ree




Table 3.

Uniform paid sick leave benefits in m ajor collective bargaining agreements by selected industries, 1959
(Workers in thousands)
Number of days per year
Total uniform plans

Industry

A gree­
ments

3 days
and less
A g ree­
Workers
ments

Workers

5 days
A g ree­
ments

6 days

Workers

A g re e ­
ments

7 days

W orkers

A g ree­
ments

Workers

All industries ----------------------------------------------------------------

128

517. 3

6

19. 5

38

188. 4

12

53. 1

6

M anufacturing----------- -----------------------------------------

66

2 9 7 .0

5

17. 3

28

145. 6

6

3 7.2

_

-

Food and kindred products------------------------------------------Paper and allied products------------------------------------------Chemicals and allied products----------------- ------ - .........—
Electrical m ach in ery--------------------------------------------------Transportation equipment ------------------------------------------Other manufacturing industries----------------------------------

10
6
6
13
19
12

17. 7
8. 7
11.6
7 6.4
156. 8
25. 8

1
1
1
1
1

1.3

1
4
2
1
13
7

2. 5
5. 7
3. 0
12. 0
108.2
14. 3

1

2. 5

_

_

Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------

62

220. 3

1

2 .2

10

Transportation2 ----------------------------------------------------------Utilities: Electric and gas ................ ......... ................ ......
Retail trade ------------------------------------------------------------------S e rv ic e s -------------------------------------------------------------------------Other nonmanufacturing indu stries----------------------------

14
13
19
5
11

39.2
48.9
47. 6
16. 7
68. 0

1
-

2 .2
-

■

"

31
41
2
6

1

-

1 .6
2 -9
1 0 .4
1. 1

-

-

24. 5

-

-

-

-

3
2

26. 8
7.9

42. 8

6

15.9

6

24. 5

2.
4.
10.
25.

2
3
1
‘

6. 5
7. 4
2 .0
-

5
1

17.0
7. 5
-

3
0
8
7

-

-

_

-

-

Number of days per year---- Continued
8, 9, and
10 days
AU indu stries----------------------------------------------------------------

13

13 and
14 days

lO J
\L days
40. 3

16

34. 5
_

Manufacturing ------------------------ ----------------------------

4

13.0

_

Food and kindred products-------------------------------------- —
Paper and allied products------------------------------------------Chemicals and allied products----------------------------------Electrical m achinery--------------------------------------------------Transportation equipment----------- -------------------------------Other manufacturing industries— ....................................

1
1
1
1

1. 5
1. 8

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

8. 5
1.2

-

Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------

9

2 7. 4

T ransportation 2
-------------------------------------------------------- -—
Utilities: Electric and gas-----------------------------------------Retail trade-------------------------------------------------------------------Services -----------------------------------------------------------------------Other nonmanufacturing indu stries----------------------------

1
6
71
1

4. 5
20. 6
1.0
1.3

1 5 days i
through
20 days
17. 7

5

18. 1

27

121.4

1

1 .0

4

1 0.0

18

73,0

61

1. 0

-

-

3
1
-

-

7 .0
3 .0
-

5
1
11
1

8 .9
1.3
61 .6
1.3

5

-

-

-

-

16

34. 5

4

lb. 7

1

8. 1

9

48. 4

3
7 12
1
"

5 .8
2 6 .2
2 .5
“

4
-

16. 7
-

81

8. 1

1
2
2
1
3

1.0
4. 1
9 .0
1 .4
32.9

-

1 AU benefits are at full pay unless otherwise indicated.
2 Excludes railroad and airline industries.
3 Benefits were provided at the rate of $12 per day.
4 Benefits were provided at two-thirds of salary or wages.
5 Includes 13 agreem ents, covering 93, 350 employees, which provided 3 or 5 days of paid sick leave per illn ess, depending on the length of disability (with additional
benefits contained in documents outside the basic agreements); 3 agreements which varied the benefits for different categories of employees; 2 agreements which specified
different pay rates for portions of the benefit period; 2 agreements which provided benefits for time lost due to occupational injury and credit to the employer if workmen's
compensation was awarded; 2 agreements in the fishing industry which provided sick pay until the employee was able to work or was hospitalized; 1 agreement which pro­
vided 3 months and another 13 weeks per disability; and 3 agreements stipulating various other provisions.
6 The employee received the commission from his route less the salary paid the person serving the route.
7 Benefits were stipulated as "half days" which were interpreted as full days at half pay.
8 Benefits were stipulated as 75 percent of wages.
NOTE:

Because of rounding,

sums of individual items do not equal totals.

7

P a y f o r e a c h fu ll d ay o f s ic k le a v e f o r a f u l l -t i m e e m p lo y e e
m e a n s p ay f o r 1 s ta n d a rd w o r k d a y at the e m p l o y e e ’ s b a s e ra te
o f pay.
A n e m p lo y e e 's b a s e ra te o f p ay d o e s n ot in c lu d e o v e r ­
t im e , s h ift d if fe r e n t ia l, o r any o th e r p r e m iu m pay . . .
* * *
T h e e m p lo y e r a g r e e s to g ra n t 10 d ays o f s ic k le a v e d u rin g the
c o n t r a c t y e a r w h ich s h a ll n ot e x c e e d 80 h o u rs at the s t r a ig h t tim e h o u r ly ra te . . .

p e rio d ,

E x a m p le s o f p r o v is io n s g ra n tin g l e s s than fu ll pay f o r the e n t ir e b e n e fit
o r p a r ts o f it, a r e r e p r o d u c e d b e lo w :

In e a c h c o n t r a c t y e a r e a c h e m p lo y e e h a v in g 1 y e a r o r m o r e o f
e m p lo y m e n t w ith the e m p lo y e r a n d /o r h is p r e d e c e s s o r s s h a ll,
in the e v e n t he is k ep t f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f s ic k n e s s o r in ju r y ,
b e e n title d to an a g g r e g a t e o f 5 d ays' s ic k le a v e at t w o -t h ir d s
o f h is r e g u la r s a la r y o r w a g e s . . .
* * *
A ll e m p lo y e e s c o v e r e d b y th is a g r e e m e n t w ho h ave b e e n c o n ­
tin u o u s ly e m p lo y e d b y th e ir e m p lo y e r f o r a p e r io d o f at le a s t
1 y e a r s h a ll b e e n title d to 12 o n e -h a lf days* s ic k le a v e w ith
p ay p e r y e a r . . .
❖

* *

P a id s ic k le a v e s h a ll c o n s i s t o f c o m p e n s a tio n at the
80 p e r c e n t o f fu ll p ay f o r e a c h o f the f i r s t 3 w o r k in g
e a c h s u ch le a v e and 100 p e r c e n t o f fu ll p ay (8 h o u r s
at the e m p lo y e e 's r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e ra te ) f o r e a c h
d ay t h e r e a ft e r . . .

ra te o f
days o f
p e r day
w o r k in g

B e n e fits on a p e r d is a b ilit y b a s is w e r e in d ic a te d in s e v e r a l a g r e e m e n t s :
T h e s ic k pay a llo w a n c e s h a ll b e p a y a b le f o r e a c h p e r io d the
e m p lo y e e is p r e v e n te d b y su ch d is a b ilit y f r o m p e r fo r m in g any
and e v e r y duty p e rta in in g to the e m p lo y e e 's o c c u p a t io n , p r o ­
v id e d , h o w e v e r , that no m o r e than 13 w e e k s 1 b e n e fits s h a ll be
p a id f o r any on e d is a b ilit y .

G r a d u a te d P la n s , M in im u m B e n e f i t s . — G r a d u a te d s ic k le a v e p la n s— th o s e
w h ich v a r ie d b e n e fits a m o n g w o r k e r s b a s e d o n le n g th o f s e r v i c e — w e r e o n the
w h ole m o r e c o m p l e x than u n ifo r m plans*
F o r e m p lo y e e s e lig ib le f o r the m i n i ­
m u m p r o v id e d b y th e s e p la n s , l e s s than t w o -fift h s o f the 149 g ra d u a te d plan s
p r o v id e d the typ e o f b e n e fit c o m m o n u n d e r u n ifo r m p la n s; that i s , a s p e c if ie d
n u m b e r o f d a y s p e r y e a r at fu ll p ay (ta b le 4 ).
T h e s e p e r io d s ra n g e d f r o m 1 to
21 d a y s , w ith m o r e than h a lf p r o v id in g 5 d a y s o r l e s s .







Table 4.

00

Minimum benefits under graduated paid sick leave plans in major collective bargaining agreements by selected industries, 1959
(Workers in thousands)
Number of days per year
Benefit days at one rate of pay
Total graduated plans
Full pay

Industry
2 days and less
A gree­
ments
All industries __________________________________________

Workers

Agree­
ments

5 days

3 and 4 days

Workers

A gree­
ments

W orkers

A gree­
ments

6 and 10 days

Workers

Agree­
ments

Workers

149

698. 7

6

30, 8

13

3 2 .4

15

26. 3

10

16. 7

4

25. 2

6

2 0 .9

Manufacturing___________________________________

50

244. 0

Food and kindred products ___________________________
Chemicals and allied products _______________________
Transportation equipment ____________________________
Other manufacturing industries __________ ____ _______

16
5
12
17

97.
10.
92.
44.

9
1
1
0

4
-

Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

99

454. 7

2

Transportation1 ‘________________________________________
Com m unications________ _____________________________
Utilities: Electric and gas ___________________ ______ _
Retail trade ---------------- ----------- ---------------------------------------Other nonmanufacturing industries__________________

9
49
32
5
4

18. 3
351. 9
6 2 .4
15. 3
6 .9

_

_

2. 7

4

5. 7

.

_

-

-

-

15.9
5 .0

2

2. 7

_
1
1
2

1. 1
1.2
3 .4

7

11.5

13

23. 6

6

1
1
5
-

1.2
1.0
9 .4

2
1
7

3. 3
1. 7
13. 1

25. 2
5 .6

_

_

-

-

1
1

2

.

_
3
3

1 .8
3. 8
"

-

-

3

“

5. 6

.

11.0

_

.

-

-

4
1
1

7. 2
2. 5
1. 3

Number of days per year-----Continued
Benefit days at one rate of pay-----Continued
F ull pay— -Continued
Less than full pay

Benefit days at
different rates of pay

Benefit days
provided per
disability

Other 2

12 days or more
All industries __________________________________________

8

57. 9

8

17.2

29

130.6

43

334. 6

17

52.4

Manufacturing_________________________ _________

4

4 9 .4

7

15. 7

17

101.2

3

7. 9

3

15.4

1

3 .4

8. 0
1.0
6. 7

13
1
3

86. 5
1.4
13.4

32

6 .6

-

-

-

31

1. 3

1
2

.
3. 8
11.6

1.5

12

2 9 .4

40

326. 7

14

37.0

-

5
3
6
_

12.6
15.9
8. 6
_

"

-

-

Food and kindred products____________________________
Chemicals and allied products____________ ___________
Transportation equipment ________________________ ___
Other manufacturing industries ______________________

-

-

3
-

46. 0
-

2
1
4

Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

4

8. 5

1

Transportation 1________ ____ __________ ____ _____________
Communications _______________________________________
Utilities: Electric and gas ___________________________
Retail trade _____________________________________________
Other nonmanufacturing industries________ __________

1
3
-

1. 2
7. 3
-

"

“

-

_
1

.
1.5

-

-

~

"

-

.

3
6
3
"

5. 2
15. 2
9 .0
"

.
40
-

.
326. 7
-

1 Excludes railroad and airline industries.
Includes 7 agreements which provided different benefits to different groups of employees in which 1 agreement provided different pay rates for portions of the
benefit period; 2 agreements which gave the employee the balance of his pay period; 2 agreements which stipulated that the first 5 days of benefits were paid per illness
occurring in 7 consecutive calendar days and additional days were given in the benefit year if illness extended beyond this time; 1 agreement which provided 61 hours
of sick leave; 1 agreement which called for different benefits at less than full pay, depending on when the employee entered the bargaining unit; 1 which granted 2 work­
weeks plus unused vacation allowance; 1 which provided 5 days plus other benefits not specified in the agreement; 1 which gave benefits per disability to some cla ssifi­
cations of employees; and 1 agreement which provided up to 10 days per disability, with the employee required to make up part of the used sick leave by working.3 Sick leave payments were at less than full pay.
NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.

9

pay,

In eig h t c o n t r a c t s in w h ic h a ll s ic k le a v e w a s p r o v id e d a t l e s s than fu ll
m in im u m b e n e fit p e r i o d s up to 65 d a y s w e r e fou n d , a s f o ll o w s :
B e n e fit p e r i o d and r a te o f p a y
1 d a y , $8 p e r d a y ----------------------------------10 d a y s , 75 p e r c e n t o f p a y -------------------10 d a y s , 65 p e r c e n t o f p a y _____________
10 d a y s , s c h e d u le o f b e n e fit s v a r i e s
w ith h o u r ly r a te ----------------------------------10 d a y s , h a lf p a y -----------------------------------60 d a y s , h a lf p a y ________________________
65 d a y s , s c h e d u le o f b e n e fit s v a r i e s
w ith h o u r ly r a te ----------------------------------65 d a y s , 70 p e r c e n t o f p a y ------------------

A g re e m e n ts

W ork ers

1
1
1

1, 400
1, 500
2, 500

1
1
1

2, 000
1, 300
2, 000

1
1

1, 000
5, 500

In 16 a g r e e m e n t s , b o th fu ll and p a r t ia l p a y b e n e fit p e r i o d s w e r e p r o ­
v id e d ; in 13 a g r e e m e n t s (m e a tp a c k in g ) p a r t ia l p a y w a s p r o v id e d f o r a ll le a v e , but
the r a t e s o f p a y v a r ie d .
T h e c o m b in e d d u r a tio n in th e s e 29 a g r e e m e n t s ra n g e d
f r o m 4 to 65 d a y s .
T h e s p e c i f i c a llo w a n c e s w e r e a s f o ll o w s :
B e n e fit p e r io d and r a te o f p a y
4 d a y s ; 2 fu ll p a y , 2 h a lf p a y -------------10 d a y s ; 5 fu ll p a y , 5 h a lf p a y _______
15 d a y s ; 5 f u ll p a y , 10 h a lf p a y ______
20 d a y s ; 10 fu ll p a y , 10 h a lf p a y _____
30 d a y s ; 20 fu ll p a y , 10 h a lf p a y _____
30 d a y s ; 10 fu ll p a y , 20 h a lf p a y — —
40 d a y s ; 20 fu ll p a y , 20 h a lf p a y -----60 d a y s ; 30 fu ll p a y , 30 h a lf p a y ____
65 d a y s ; 20 fu ll p a y , 45 h a lf p a y ____
65 d a y s ; 45 at 65 p e r c e n t p a y , 10 at
60 p e r c e n t p ay, 5 at 55 p e r c e n t p ay
and 5 at 50 p e r c e n t p a y ---------------------

A g reem en ts
2
1
4
4
1
1
1
1
1

13

W ork ers
4,
1,
6,
12,
10,
1,
1,
5,
1,

350
850
400
000
500
000
400
400
200

86, 450

O f the 43 g ra d u a te d p la n s w h ich e s t a b lis h e d the b e n e fit p e r i o d on a d i s ­
a b ilit y r a th e r than a y e a r b a s is , 40 w e r e in c o m m u n ic a tio n s a g r e e m e n t s .
An
illu s t r a t iv e c la u s e f o ll o w s :
R e g u la r e m p lo y e e s h a v in g 2 o r m o r e y e a r s o f n e t c r e d ­
ite d s e r v i c e s h a ll b e p a id f o r s ic k n e s s a b s e n c e o c c u r r in g d u rin g
the f i r s t 7 c a le n d a r d a y s o f s u ch a b s e n c e , in a c c o r d a n c e w ith the
fo llo w in g :




(a )

F o r e m p lo y e e s h a v in g 2 y e a r s b u t l e s s than 5 y e a r s
o f n et c r e d it e d s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t b e g in s w ith the
th ird c o n s e c u t iv e s c h e d u le d w o r k in g d a y o f su ch
a b s e n c e , and s ic k n e s s a b s e n c e p a y m e n ts s h a ll b e
lim it e d to a m a x im u m o f 3 d a y s in the 7 -d a y p e r io d .

(b )

F o r e m p lo y e e s h a v in g 5 y e a r s bu t l e s s than 10 y e a r s
o f n et c r e d it e d s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t b e g in s w ith the
s e c o n d c o n s e c u t iv e s c h e d u le d w o r k in g d a y o f su ch
a b s e n c e , and s ic k n e s s a b s e n c e p a y m e n ts s h a ll b e
lim it e d to a m a x im u m o f 4 d a y s in the 7 -d a y p e r io d .

(c)

F o r e m p lo y e e s h a v in g 10 o r m o r e y e a r s o f n e t
c r e d it e d s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t b e g in s w ith the f i r s t
s c h e d u le d w o r k in g d a y o f su ch a b s e n c e , and s i c k ­
n e s s a b s e n c e p a y m e n ts s h a ll b e lim it e d to a m a x i ­
m u m o f 5 d a y s in the 7 -d a y p e r io d .

10
G ra d u a ted P la n s , M a x im u m B e n e f i t s .---- M a x im u m p a id s ic k le a v e u n d er
g r a d u a te d p la n s , w h e r e s p e c if ie d on a p e r y e a r b a s is , r a n g e d f r o m 3 d a y s p e r
y e a r to a h ig h o f 260 d a y s (ta b le 5).
A m o n g the 41 a g r e e m e n t s w h ich c o m ­
p e n s a te d e m p lo y e e s e lig ib le f o r m a x im u m s ic k le a v e on a p e r d is a b ilit y b a s is ,
26 a g r e e m e n t s p r o v id e d 5 d a y s p e r d is a b ilit y f o r e m p lo y e e s w ith 10 o r m o r e
y e a r s o f s e r v i c e (ta b le 6 ) . 9
In 19 p la n s , p r i m a r i l y in the m e a tp a c k in g in d u s try , the m a x im u m a m o u n t
o f le a v e w a s n ot s p e c if ie d . G e n e r a lly , th e s e p la n s g ra n te d 2 w e e k s ' p a y f o r e a ch
y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
E m p lo y e e s q u a lify in g u n d er the fo r e g o in g . . . s h a ll b e e n title d
to s ic k b e n e fit s f o r a p e r i o d e q u a l to the g r e a t e r o f 13 w e e k s
o r 2 w e e k s f o r e a c h y e a r o f s u ch co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e , w h ich
a m ou n t s h a ll b e r e d u c e d b y p a y m e n t m a d e f o r o th e r a b s e n c e s
o c c u r r in g d u rin g the 12 m o n th s im m e d ia t e ly p r e c e d in g the
s ta r tin g d ate o f the c u r r e n t a b s e n c e .
M a x im u m b e n e fit s in th o s e a g r e e m e n t s w h ich p r o v id e d l e s s than fu ll
p a y f o r the e n tir e a b s e n c e , o r stip u la te d d if fe r e n t r a t e s f o r p a r t s o f the le a v e
p e r i o d , w e r e a s f o ll o w s :
E n tir e b e n e fit p e r io d at l e s s
than fu ll p a y
10 d a y s , $8 p e r d a y ------------------------------60 d a y s , 75 p e r c e n t o f p a y ------------------100 d a y s , s c h e d u le o f b e n e fit s v a r i e s
w ith h o u r ly r a t e ------------------------------------130 d a y s , 70 p e r c e n t o f p a y ___________
130 d a y s , s c h e d u le o f b e n e fit s v a r i e s
w ith h o u r ly r a te ----------------------------------260 d a y s , 80 p e r c e n t o f p a y -----------------

A g reem en ts

W ork ers

1
1

1, 400
1, 500

1
1

1, 000
2, 000

1
1

2, 000
1, 800

1
1

2, 900
2, 500

1

1, 150

B e n e fit p e r i o d s a t d iffe r e n t
ra tes o f pay
60 d a y s ; 30 fu ll p a y , 30 h a lf p a y --------80 d a y s ; 35 fu ll p a y , 45 h a lf p a y --------90 d a y s ; 40 fu ll p a y , 50 at
75 p e r c e n t o f p a y --------------------------------102 d a y s ; 12 fu ll p a y, 90 at
60 p e r c e n t o f p a y ---------------------------------130 d a y s ; 65 fu ll p a y, 65 h a lf p a y -------135 d a y s ; 45 fu ll p a y , 90 h a lf p a y -------150 d a y s ; 75 f u ll p a y , 75 h a lf p a y -------180 d a y s ; 90 fu ll p a y , 90 h a lf p a y _____
210 d a y s ; 70 fu ll p a y , 140 h a lf p a y ___
240 d a y s ; 80 fu ll p a y , 160 h a lf p a y ___
260 d a y s ; 130 fu ll p a y , 130 h a lf p a y _
_
260 d a y s ; 65 f u ll p a y , 195 h a lf p a y ----260 d a y s ; 60 fu ll p a y , 200 h a lf p a y ___
8 m o n th s ; 4 fu ll p a y , 4 h a lf p a y _______

1
2
1
1
1
1
1
5
1
3
1

1,
6,
1,
1,
5,
1,
2,
8,
1,
13,
1,

200
500
050
850
400
000
600
450
200
350
450

9
A m o n g 97 g r a d u a te d a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s in s u r a n c e p la n s stu d ie d , a bou t
t w o - t h ir d s p r o v id e d b e n e fit s f o r up to 26 w e e k s p e r d is a b ilit y and n on e f o r l e s s
than 13 w e e k s .
Op. c it . , p. 12.







Table 5.

Maximum benefits under graduated paid sick leave plans in major collective bargaining agreements by selected industries, 1959

Number of days per year
Total
graduated
plans

Industry

Agree ments

Benefit days at one rate of pay
Full pay

Workers

3 days
Agree Workers
ments

5 days
Agree Workers
ments

8 and 9 days
A g ree­
Workers
ments

10 days
A g re e ­
Workers
ments

15 days
A g re e ­
Workers
ments

20 days
A g ree­
Workers
ments

All in d u strie s_____________________

149

698. 7

2

16. 8

6

23. 8

3

3. 7

7

15. 8

4

5. 5

5

11. 2

Manufacturing _____________

50

244. 0

2

16. 8

6

23. 8

1

1. 1

2

5. 6

3

4. 5

1

5.2

Food and kindred p ro d u cts______
Chemicals and allied pro du cts__
Transportation equipm ent_______
Other manufacturing industries „

16
5
12
17

97.
10.
92.
44.

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

1
2

1. 1
3. 4

1
-

5. 2
-

Nonmanufacturing _________

99

454. 7

4

6. 0

Transportation1 _________________
Communications _________________
U tilities: Electric and g a s _____
Retail trade ______________________
Other nonmanufacturing
industries _______________________

9
49
32
5

18. 3
351.9
62.4
15. 3

-

-

-

-

-

4

6. 9

"

"

"

-

1

9
1
1
0

_

2
-

_

_

16. 8
-

4
2

20. 5
3. 3

1

1. 1

1
1

3. 8
1.8

_

-

_

-

2

5

10. 2

1

1. 0

_

_

_

_

2. 6

_

1

1 .2

_

_

1

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

1

1. 0

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

1. 3

2. 5
3. 8

-

-

3

-

2
1

-

-

-

3. 8
-

1. 3

1

2. 8

-

-

-

Number of days per year— Continued
Benefit days atone rate of pay—Continued
Full pay— Continued
21 days or m o r e 2
All industries .

Less than full pay

40. 9

R e n e t i t d a y s at

different rates of

Benefit days
provided
per disability

9. 7

No maximum
specified

2. 2

Other 3

96 . 1

19

Manufacturing
Food and kindred p ro d u cts____
Chemicals and allied products .
Transportation equipment .
Other manufacturing industries _______

94. 5

1. 6

1
10

1

9. 8
20 . 6
2. 5

5 .4

3

13.4

3. 3

Nonmanufacturing _______________
Transportation1 ________________________
Communications ________________________
Utilities: Electric and gas _____________
Retail trade _____________________________
Other nonmanufacturing indu stries___

42. 8

3. 0
17

35 .9

1.5

1. 8

2. 4
6. 9
16.4
9. 0
1. 3

42

39

2. 6

2

.

4. 3

11 6

12 . 6
2. 8

15.9
13. 3

1.5

1 Excludes railroad and airline industries.
2 In this category 1 agreement each provided 21, 25, 50, 65, 82, 90, 100, 130, 150, 220, and 260 days, and 2 agreements each provided 40, and 120 days.
3 Includes 7 agreements which provide different benefits to different groups of employees; 2 agreements which stipulated that the employee receive the balance of his
pay period plus 13 pay periods; 2 agreements which provided that the first 5 days of benefits were paid per illness occurring in 7 consecutive calendar days and additional
days were given in the benefit year if illness extended beyond this time; 2 agreements which specified benefits, parts of which were not contained in the agreements; 2 which
gave benefits that could not be defined exactly and covered the waiting period until additional benefits were paid under an insurance plan; 1 agreement which provided up. to
2 weeks per disability with the employee required to make up part of the used sick leave by working; 1 which gave 15 weeks plus unused vacation allowance; 1 which gave
benefits per illness to only some classifications of employees; 1 agreement which specified 118 hours of benefits; 1 agreement which provided additional paid sick leave bene­
fits for the service of the employee during which time he had no unexcused absences or absences due to sickness.
4 Sick leave payments were at less than full pay or portions were at different pay rates.
5 In a large number of agreements additional benefits were contained in documents other than the basic agreements.
NOTE:

Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.




Table 6.

Maximum benefits under graduated paid sick leave plans in m ajor collective bargaining agreements by length of service required, 1959
(Workers in thousands)
Number of days per year
Benefit days at one rate of pay

Total
graduated
plans

Highest service step

Full pay
3 days

A g ree­
ments

Workers

Total graduated plans -------------------

149

698. 7

2 years _____________________________

9
4
21
2
49
3
10
9
10
19
13

2 0 .9
20. 7
113.5
3. 3
311.6
11. 8
34. 3
21. 7
2 6 .9
101.3
32.9

3 years -------------------------------------------5 years -------------------------------------------7 years -------------------------------------------10 years ------------------------------------------12 years ------------------------------------------15 y e a r s ------------------------------------------20 years ------------------------------------------25 years ------------------------------------------No maximum specified-----------------Other1 ---------------------------------------------

A g ree­
ments

2

_
2
-

5 days

W orkers

16. 8

_
16. 8
-

A g re e ­
ments

6

_
6
-

10 days

8 and 9 days

Workers

23. 8

_
23. 8
-

A g ree­
ments

Workers

A g ree­
ments

1 5 days

Workers

3

3. 7

7

15. 8

1
1
1
-

1 .3
1. 1
1 .3
-

1
1
1
1
2
1

1 .4
2. 8
1 .8
1.2
4 .9
3. 8

A g ree­
ments

20 days

Workers

4

5. 5

A g ree­
ments

Workers

5

11.2

_

_

_

_

1
3
-

1. 1
4 .4
-

1
1
1
1
1
-

2 .2
1. 8
5.2
1 .0
1 .0
-

Number of days per year— Continued
Benefit days at one rate of pay—Continued
Full pay—-Continued
Less than full pay

Benefit days at
different rates of
pay

Benefit days
provided
per disability

No
maximum
specified

Other J

21 days and over 2

15

6

9. 7

41

323. 6

19

2 .2

-

-

-

-

5

14. 8

-

-

10 years ----------------------------------------------12 y e a r s _-___—-------------- --------- --------— .__________ —
15 years ----------------------------------------------20 years ----------------------------------------------25 years ----------------------------------------------No maximum specified --------------------Other 1 --------------------------------------------------

4 0 .9

1

Total graduated plans ----------------------2 years -----------------------------------------------3 years -----------------------------------------------5 years ------------------------------------------------ —

-

1

1 .0

2

6. 5

6

68. 0

1
1
2
2
2
6

2. 7
3 .0
5 .9
3 .6
11.0
12. 6

2
1
1
1
-

3. 4
2 .0
1 .5
1 ,8
-

9
3
3
3
1

2 3 .0
5. 5
3. 3
9 .4
3. 0

26
1
3
-

217, 4
3 .6
19.9
-

21

50. 6

19

101.3

20

96. 1

-

1

1.2

-

4

1 1 ,4

4
3
3
5

52. 8
13.4
3. 7
13. 6

101.3

1 Includes 3 agreements under which service varied for different groups of employees; 2 agreements which required 35 years of service; 2 which required 30 years of
service; 1 agreement each stipulated 9, 11, 16, and 26 years of service; and 2 agreements provided maximum benefits to those employees with m ore than 1 but less than
2
years of service.
2 See table 5, footnote 2.
3 See table 5, footnote 3.
NOTE:

Because of rounding,

sum of individual items may not equal totals.

13
One u n iqu e p la n p e r m it t e d the
c r e d it s e a rn e d f o r p e r f e c t a tte n d a n ce :

s u p p le m e n tin g

o f m a x im u m

b e n e fits b y

A n e m p lo y e e h av in g 5 o r m o r e y e a r s o f co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e s h a ll
r e c e i v e the fo llo w in g m a x im u m s ic k le a v e b e n e fits — 63 d a y s o f
fu ll p a y fo llo w e d b y 21 d a y s at h a lf p a y f o r e a ch 1 2 -m o n th
p e r io d o f s e r v i c e up to 231 d a y s at h a lf p a y .

Such an e m p lo y e e w ith 5 o r m o r e y e a r s o f co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e
s h a ll h a v e a d d ed to the a b o v e s ic k le a v e b e n e fits 1 d ay a t fu ll
p a y f o r e a c h 3 -m o n th p e r i o d o f p a s t co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e ( s i n c e
J a n u a ry 1, 1947) d u r in g w h ich h e d id n o t h a v e any u n e x c u s e d
a b s e n c e s o r a b s e n c e s due to s ic k n e s s .
T h e s e a d d itio n a l s ic k
le a v e b e n e fit s s h a ll a c c u m u la t e in the fu tu r e at the r a te o f 1 d ay
a t fu ll p a y f o r e a c h fu ll c a le n d a r q u a r te r y e a r .

One a g r e e m e n t p r o v id e d that v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s c o u ld b e u s e d to s u p ­
p le m e n t p a id s ic k le a v e b e n e fit s :

E ff e c t iv e f o r the p e r i o d o f th is A g r e e m e n t ,
s ic k le a v e p o l i c y s h a ll a p p ly :

the fo llo w in g annual

E m p lo y e e s h a v in g l e s s than 2 y e a rs * s e n io r it y — no s ic k le a v e
and a ll a b s e n c e s to b e c h a r g e d to u n u sed v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e
to ex ten t o f a llo w a n c e .

E m p lo y e e s h a v in g 2 y e a r s bu t l e s s than 5 y e a rs * s e n io r it y —
2 w o r k w e e k s (80 h o u r s ) at fu ll p a y in any 1 c a le n d a r y e a r ,
p lu s u n u sed v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e . . .

W aitin g P e r i o d . ---- U n d er s lig h tly m o r e than h a lf (1 5 2) o f a ll p a id s ic k
le a v e p la n s stu d ied , a s h o r t w a itin g p e r io d , s e ld o m e x c e e d in g 3 d a y s , w a s p r o ­
v id e d b e f o r e an a b s e n t e m p lo y e e b e c a m e e lig ib le f o r s ic k le a v e p a y m e n ts (ta b le 7).
N o su ch w a itin g p e r io d w a s stip u la te d in 125 a g r e e m e n t s w h e r e , p r e s u m a b ly ,
p a y m e n ts b e g in w ith the f i r s t d a y o f a b s e n c e ; that is , a 1 -d a y a b s e n c e w o u ld b e
p a id f o r . 10

In 62 a g r e e m e n t s the w a itin g p e r io d d e c r e a s e d w ith the s e n io r it y o f the
e m p lo y e e .
Th e b u lk o f th e s e c la u s e s w e r e fou n d in the te le p h o n e and in the
m e a tp a ck in g in d u s tr ie s and fr e q u e n t ly r e a d a s f o ll o w s :

10
A m o n g a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s in s u r a n c e p la n s , the m o s t c o m m o n p r a c t i c e
w a s to s ta r t b e n e fit s im m e d ia t e ly f o r a c c id e n t s , b u t a ft e r 7 d a y s f o r s ic k n e s s .
A b o u t 10 p e r c e n t o f the p la n s stu d ie d s ta r te d s ic k b e n e fit s a ft e r 3 d a y s ; im m e d ia te
c o v e r a g e w a s u n co m m o n .
Op. c it. , p. 14.




14
A n y e m p lo y e e w h o h a s m o r e than 1 y e a r and l e s s than 5 y e a r s 1
co n tin u ou s s e r v i c e s h a ll h a v e a w a itin g p e r i o d c o n s is t in g o f
7 c o n s e c u t iv e d a y s , b e g in n in g w ith h is f i r s t d a y o f a b s e n c e due
to p h y s ic a l d is a b ilit y , b e f o r e he s h a ll b e c o m e e lig ib le to r e ­
c e iv e s ic k b e n e fit s .
A n y e m p lo y e e w h o h as 5 o r m o r e y e a r s
o f s e r v i c e s h a ll h a v e n o w a itin g p e r io d .
Table 7.

Waiting period before paid sick leave benefits begin in 'm ajor collective
bargaining agreem ents by industry group, 1959
( W o r k e r s in t h o u s a n d s )
A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

A gree­
m en ts

A l l a g r e e m e n t s w ith u n i f o r m an d
g r a d u a t e d s i c k l e a v e p la n s _________

N o w a it in g p e r i o d s t i p u l a t e d _________
B e n e fit b e g in s —
A f t e r 1 d a y ____________________________
A f t e r 1 d a y o r w hen
h o s p i t a l i z e d _________________________
A f t e r 2 d a y s ___________________________
A fte r 2 days o r im m e d ia te ly
if d i s a b i l i t y l a s t s a s t a t e d
l e n g t h o f t i m e ---------------------------------A f t e r 2 d a y s o r w h en
h o s p i t a l i z e d _________________________
A f t e r 3 d a y s ___________________________
A fte r 3 d a ys o r im m e d ia te ly
if d i s a b i l i t y l a s t s a s t a t e d
le n g t h o f t i m e _______________________
A ft e r 3 d a y s o r w hen
h o s p i t a l i z e d _________________________
A f t e r 4 , 5 , an d 7 d a y s ____________
W a i t in g p e r i o d d e c r e a s e d w ith
s e n i o r i t y _________________________________
W a i t in g p e r i o d v a r i e d f o r
d iffe r e n t g ro u p s of
e m p l o y e e s _________________________ ____
O t h e r 1 -----------------------------------------------------------

W ork ers

A gree m e n ts

277

1, 2 1 6 . 0

116

541. 0

161

675. 0

125

493. 0

64

314. 3

61

178. 6

8

17. 2

2

2. 7

6

14. 6

1
17

4. 0
3 2 .4

2

2 .4

1
15

4. 0
30. 0

16

9 7 .4

13

64. 3

3

33. 1

1
14

4. 5
47. 5

6

29. 0

1
8

4. 5
18. 5

3

7. 6

3

7. 6

4
4

7. 0
5. 8

4
2

7. 0
2. 5

2

3. 3

62

445. 0

15

93. 7

47

351. 3

3

5. 6

19

49. 4

1
4

3. 1
14. 5

2
15

2. 5
34. 9

W ork ers

A gree­
m e n ts

W ork ers

1
I n c lu d e s 2 a g r e e m e n t s in w h ic h p r o v i s i o n w a s m a d e to a c c r u e a n a l l o w a n c e
n o n a b s e n c e to b e a p p lie d a g a i n s t th e w a i t in g p e r i o d ; 2 a g r e e m e n t s w h ic h p r o v i d e d th a t the
w a it in g p e r i o d d e p e n d e d on the d a te h i r e d an d th e n u m b e r o f a b s e n c e s w ith in a c a l e n d a r y e a r ;
1 a g r e e m e n t w h ic h p r o v i d e d th a t th e w a i t in g p e r i o d d e c r e a s e d w ith le n g t h o f d i s a b i l i t y ; and
1 4 a g r e e m e n t s in w h ic h v a r i o u s o t h e r p r o v i s i o n s w e r e g i v e n .
NOTE:

B ecau se

o f r o u n d in g ,

su m

o f in d i v i d u a l i t e m s

m ay

not

equal

fo r

to ta ls .

In 19 a g r e e m e n t s , p r i m a r i l y in the e l e c t r i c a l m a c h in e r y in d u s try , the
w a itin g p e r i o d w a s e lim in a te d (i. e. , p a y m e n ts w e r e m a d e r e t r o a c t i v e to the f i r s t
d a y o f le a v e ) i f the d is a b ilit y la s te d b e y o n d a sta te d le n g th o f tim e .
A v a r ie t y o f u n iq u e c la u s e s w e r e n o te d in 19 a g r e e m e n t s .
F or ex ­
a m p le , a fe w c o n t r a c t s lin k e d the le n g th o f the w a itin g p e r i o d to the e m p lo y e e ^
a tte n d a n ce r e c o r d , to h is s e n io r it y and the n u m b e r o f y e a r l y a b s e n c e s , o r to
o th e r f a c t o r s :
. . . a ll e m p lo y e e s . . . w ill b e e n title d to s ic k le a v e w ith
r e g u la r p a y f o r s u ch p e r i o d s o f ill n e s s b e g in n in g w ith the s e c o n d




15
d a y o f e a ch a b s e n c e . . . (a ) w h en the e m p lo y e e h a s n ot b e e n
a b s e n t on s ic k le a v e w ith p a y f o r a co n tin u o u s c a le n d a r p e r i o d
o f 3 m on th s p r e c e d in g the ill n e s s , h e s h a ll a c c r u e a 1 d a y
a llo w a n c e o f p a id s ic k le a v e to a p p ly a g a in s t the w a itin g p e r io d .
* * *
E m p lo y e e s h ir e d on o r a fte r J u ly 1, 1954, s h a ll h a v e a n o n c o m p e n s a b le 1 -d a y w a itin g p e r io d in the c a s e o f e a ch s ic k n e s s
a b s e n c e o c c u r r in g d u r in g the f i r s t 3 y e a r s o f th e ir e m p lo y m e n t.
E m p lo y e e s w ith l e s s than 10 y e a rs * s e r v i c e tim e s h a ll h a v e a
n o n c o m p e n s a b le 1 -d a y w a itin g p e r io d in the c a s e o f e a ch s i c k ­
n e s s a b s e n c e o c c u r r in g w ith in a c a le n d a r y e a r w h ich is in e x ­
c e s s o f 5 s e p a r a te s ic k n e s s a b s e n c e s in the c a le n d a r y e a r .
❖

*

*

In c a s e o f a b s e n c e due to ill n e s s o f the e m p lo y e (in c lu d in g o ff
duty in ju ry ), the a llo w a n c e s e t fo r t h a b o v e s h a ll b e c o m e p a y a b le
b e g in n in g w ith the th ird d a y o f a b s e n c e , e x c e p t that no w a itin g
p e r i o d s h a ll a p p ly (1) in c a s e o f in ju r y o n duty, (2) f o r i ll n e s s
c e r t i f i e d b y a l ic e n s e d p h y s ic ia n o r c o m p a n y d o c t o r a s b e in g o f
5 o r m o r e days* d u r a tio n . . . and, (3) f o r the f i r s t tw o a b ­
s e n c e s due to i l l n e s s o f the e m p lo y e (p r o v id in g th ey a r e f u l l d a y s o f f duty) e x c lu s iv e o f the e x e m p tio n s (1) and (2) a b o v e
m e n tio n e d .
* ❖

*

R e g u la r e m p lo y e e s w h o h a v e r e c e i v e d n o b e n e fit s due to i ll n e s s
d u rin g th e ir la s t 12 m o n th s o f c r e d it e d s e r v i c e w ill b e e lig ib le
to r e c e i v e b e n e fits b e g in n in g w ith the f i r s t d a y o f a b s e n c e due
to ill n e s s o r in ju r y .
R e g u la r e m p lo y e e s w h o h a v e r e c e iv e d
b e n e fits due to i ll n e s s o r in ju r y d u rin g the p a s t 12 m o n th s o f
c r e d it e d s e r v i c e w i ll n ot b e e lig ib le to r e c e i v e b e n e fit s u n til
th ey h av e b e e n a b s e n t 2 w o r k d a y s w ith ou t p a y , u n le s s a t the
s ta r t o f th e ir a b s e n c e th ey h a v e a c c u m u la t e d a b a la n c e o f
180 d a y s o f s ic k le a v e . . .
= *
fic

P a y m e n t w ill b e m a d e f o r tim e
s c h e d u le d w o r k d a y o f an y one
2 c o n s e c u t iv e s c h e d u le d o ff d a y s
p e r i o d s h a ll b e co u n te d a s 1 d a y

*

s o l o s t b e g in n in g w ith the fo u r th
co n tin u o u s a b s e n c e (e x c e p t that
fa llin g w ith in su ch 3 - d ay w a itin g
o f the w a itin g p e rio d ) . . .

U n u sed S ick L e a v e
A c c u m u la tio n o f P a id
b u ild u p o f s ic k le a v e r e s e r v e s ,

li

S ick L e a v e . 11— P r o v i s i o n s w h ich a llo w e d the
e ith e r in d e fin ite ly o r up to a lim it , w e r e fou n d

A c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s in s u r a n c e is n o n cu m u la tiv e .




16
in 79 a g r e e m e n t s (ta b le 8).
S e v e n o f th e s e c la u s e s c o n ta in e d n o lim it to a c c u m u ­
la tio n , a s in the fo llo w in g e x a m p le s :
T h ir te e n d a y s £ p a id s ic k leavJ7 w ith fu ll p a y a r e a llo w e d e a ch
y e a r . T h e r e is n o lim i t on the a m o u n t w h ich m a y b e a c c u m u la te d .
* * *
. . . F o r e a c h y e a r o f co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e w ith the co m p a n y
s u b s e q u e n t to D e c e m b e r 1, 1946, 10 d a y s p e r y e a r fu lly c u m u ­
la tiv e to the e x te n t u n u sed f r o m y e a r to y e a r .

fro m

W h e re a c c u m u la t io n w a s lim it e d ,
5 to 180.

T a b l e 8„

the m a x im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ra n g e d

A c c u m u l a t i o n o f p a id s i c k l e a v e in m a j o r c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g
a g r e e m e n t s b y in d u stry g ro u p , 1959
( W o r k e r s in t h o u s a n d s )

A ll industries
P rovisions for accumulation

A ll uniform and graduated plans —

No provision for accum u­
lation ----------------------------------------- —
Accum ulation sp ecifically
prohibited ---------------------------------------Accum ulation s p e c ifie d -------------------U n lim ite d ---------------------------- -------Lim ited to—
5 to 7 days ___________ _______
10 days _________________________
25 days _________________________
30 days ------------------------------------35 to 50 d a y s __________________
60 d a y s ---------------------------- -----65 to 84 days __________________
90 to 99 d a y s ---------------------------100 d a y s ________________________
110 to 120 d a y s __________ _____
180 d a y s ________________________
Varied by seniority --------------------Othe r 2 --------------------------------------------

A gree­
m ents

Manuf a c tu r ing

Nonmanufacturing

W orkers

A gree­
ments

277

1, 216. 0

116

541. 0

161

675. 0

178

974. 6

86

452. 4

92

522. 3

20
79

44. 0
197. 4

4
26

8. 8
79. 8

16
53

35. 2
117. 6

3. 4

6

2 0 .8

1

2. 2

7

24. 2

1

3
7
5
9
3
12
3
5
3
2
1
5
14

23 -. 6
27. 3
6. 8
16. 1
7. 3
26. 2
5. 3
8. 0
4. 3
2. 3
8. 1
7. 8
30. 4

2
7
5
4
-

W orkers

21.
27.
6.
7.

4
3
8
1

-

-

-

2
5

2. 8
11. 1

A gree­
ments

W ork ers

-

-

-

-

5
3
1 12
3
3
3
2
1
5
9

9.
7.
26.
5.
5.
4.
2.
8.
7.
19.

0
3
2
3
2
3
3
1
8
3

1 A c c u m u l a t i o n f o r e a c h a g r e e m e n t w a s 6 0 " h a l f d a y s , " w h ic h w a s i n t e r p r e t e d a s 6 0 d a y s
a t h a lf p a y .
2 I n c l u d e s 4 a g r e e m e n t s w h ic h p l a c e d a t i m e l i m i t o n th e u s e o f a c c u m u l a t e d s i c k l e a v e ;
2 a g r e e m e n t s u n d e r w h ic h a c c u m u l a t i o n s v a r i e d d e p e n d in g on th e e m p l o y e e 's c l a s s i f i c a t i o n ;
2 a g r e e m e n t s w h ic h a l l o w e d a 6 - d a y a c c u m u l a t i o n to b e a p p l ie d t o w a r d th e w a it in g p e r i o d o n ly ;
2 a g r e e m e n t s u n d e r w h ic h s i c k l e a v e c o u ld b e a c c u m u l a t e d a f t e r a m i n i m u m a m o u n t o f s e r v i c e ;
1 a g r e e m e n t w h ic h p r o v i d e d f o r a c c u m u l a t i o n o f n o t m o r e th a n 1 0 d a y s in a n y 1 y e a r ; 1 w h ic h
i n c r e a s e d t o t a l a c c u m u l a t i o n i f l e s s th a n a s p e c i f i e d a m o u n t o f l e a v e w a s u s e d d u r in g a b e n e f i t
y e a r ; 1 w h ic h p r o v i d e d d i f f e r e n t a m o u n t s o f a c c u m u l a t i o n f o r th e m a i n a n d s u p p l e m e n t a l s i c k
l e a v e ; a n d 1 in w h ic h th e p r o v i s i o n r e g a r d i n g a c c u m u l a t i o n w a s n o t c l e a r .




NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,

s u m o f in d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

17
A p p r o x im a t e ly 7 out o f 10 s ic k le a v e p la n s m a d e no r e f e r e n c e to a c c u m u ­
la tio n (17 8 a g r e e m e n t s ) and th u s, p r e s u m a b ly , a llo w e d f o r n on e o r c o n ta in e d a
s p e c i f i c b a n on a c c u m u la t io n (2 0 a g r e e m e n t s ).
In a fe w a g r e e m e n t s , the e x te n t o f a c c u m u la t io n w a s d e t e r m in e d b y an
e m p lo y e e 1s s e n io r it y ; in o t h e r s , n o a c c u m u la t io n w a s a llo w e d b e y o n d a d e s ig n a te d
tim e lim it ;
E m p lo y e e s w ill b e a llo w e d to a c c u m u la t e u n u sed d a y s o f p a id a b ­
s e n c e sh ow n a b o v e f o r a p e r io d n ot to e x c e e d 2 c a le n d a r y e a r s .
U nder th is r u le , the a c c u m u la t e d u n u sed p a id a b s e n t d a y s a t any
tim e f o r an e m p lo y e e ca n n o t e x c e e d tw o t im e s the n u m b e r to
w h ich he is e n title d u n d er the f o r e g o in g h e a d in g , "N u m b e r o f
d a y s a llo w e d p e r c a le n d a r y e a r , " L 3 0 d a y s maximum^/, e x c e p t
th o s e e m p lo y e e s w h o h a v e c o m p le t e d 20 o r m o r e y e a r s o f s e r v ­
i c e w ill b e p e r m it t e d to a c c u m u la t e u n u se d d a y s o f p a id a b s e n c e
a llo w a n c e up to a to ta l o f 45 d a y s .
* * *
A ll e m p lo y e e s c o v e r e d b y th is a g r e e m e n t s h a ll b e e n title d to
12 days* s ic k le a v e w ith fu ll p a y a n n u a lly a ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ­
ic e .
A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e s ic k le a v e s h a ll b e cu m u la tiv e
up to 24 d a y s . . .
# * *
S ick le a v e to w h ich an e m p lo y e e b e c o m e s e n title d d u r in g a c o n ­
t r a c t y e a r but w h ich is n o t u s e d in s u ch c o n t r a c t y e a r m a y b e
a c c u m u la t e d and u s e d in e ith e r o r b o th o f th e n e x t 2 s u c c e e d ­
in g c o n t r a c t y e a r s . T h u s, b y w a y o f e x a m p le s o n ly , s ic k le a v e
to w h ich an e m p lo y e e b e c a m e e n title d d u r in g the c o n t r a c t y e a r
o f 1957—58 but n ot u s e d in s a id c o n t r a c t y e a r w o u ld b e a v a ila b le
f o r u s e in 1958—59 a n d /o r 1959— 0.
6

In s o m e c a s e s , a c c u m u la t e d s ic k le a v e c o u ld b e a p p lie d
w a itin g p e r io d , o r it c o u ld b e e x c h a n g e d f o r c a s h p a y m e n ts ;

a g a in s t

W hen the e m p lo y e h a s n ot b e e n a b s e n t o n s ic k le a v e w ith p a y
f o r a co n tin u o u s c a le n d a r p e r i o d o f 3 m o n th s p r e c e d in g the i l l ­
n e s s , h e s h a ll a c c r u e a 1 -d a y a llo w a n c e o f p a id s ic k le a v e to
a p p ly a g a in s t the w a itin g p e r i o d and m a y a c c r u e a d d itio n a l 1 -d a y
a llo w a n c e s o f p a id s ic k le a v e d i r e c t l y p r o p o r t io n a l to the n u m b e r
o f 3 m o n t h s 1 p e r i o d s o f co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e an e m p lo y e h a s
w o r k e d n ot to e x c e e d a m a x im u m o f 3 w o r k in g d a y s .
*

*

a
fc

. . . In the e v e n t th at an e m p lo y e e h a s n ot a b s o r b e d s u ch s ic k
le a v e a t the end o f e a c h c a le n d a r y e a r o f th is a g r e e m e n t s a id
e m p lo y e e s h a ll h a v e the o p tio n o f r e c e iv in g p a y m e n ts f o r the
u n u sed p o r t io n o f th e s ic k le a v e o r o f c a r r y in g o v e r the u n ­
u s e d p o r t io n in to the fo llo w in g y e a r .
Such c a r r y o v e r , h o w ­
e v e r , s h a ll n ot p e r m i t the a c c u m u la t io n o f m o r e than 10 d a y s
in any 1 y e a r , and a t the end o f su ch c a r r y o v e r the u n a b s o r b e d
o r u n u sed c a r r y o v e r p o r t io n s h a ll b e p a id to th e e m p lo y e e . . .




the

18
A u n ique

" b o n u s 1 a r r a n g e m e n t w a s n o te d in on e a g r e e m e n t:
1

. . . at the en d o f e a c h c a le n d a r y e a r e m p lo y e e s w ho h ave u s e d
l e s s than 40 h o u r s o f th e ir a c c u m u la t e d s ic k le a v e c r e d i t in that
c a le n d a r y e a r w ill r e c e i v e a b o n u s c r e d i t e q u a l to o n e -h a lf o f
the d if fe r e n c e b e tw e e n 40 c r e d i t h o u r s and the n u m b e r o f s ic k
le a v e c r e d i t h o u r s u s e d ; s u b je c t to a m a x im u m a c c u m u la t io n o f
to ta l s ic k le a v e c r e d it s o f 540 h o u r s .
N ew e m p lo y e e s s h a ll be
e lig ib le f o r th is b on u s at the en d o f the c a le n d a r y e a r fo llo w in g
th e ir f i r s t fu ll y e a r o f e m p lo y m e n t.

P a y f o r S ic k L e a v e at en d o f B e n e fit Y e a r . — P a y f o r a ll o r s o m e p o r tio n
o f u n u se d s ic k le a v e w as s tip u la te d in 38 a g r e e m e n t s
(ta b le 9), as in the f o l ­
lo w in g e x a m p le s :

W hen an e m p lo y e e h as m o r e than 10 d a y s 1 s ic k le a v e to h is
c r e d i t at the en d o f any a n n iv e r s a r y y e a r , the e m p lo y e r m a y
pay s u ch e m p lo y e e at h is c u r r e n t ra te o f p ay the a m ou n t in
e x c e s s o f 10 d a y s .

* * *

On the c o m p u ta tio n d a te , e a c h e m p lo y e e s h a ll be e n title d to pay
f o r the d ays o f s ic k le a v e and a c c id e n t le a v e to w h ich he b e ­
c o m e s e n title d . . . and w h ich r e m a in u n u sed b y the c o m p u ­
ta tion date . . .
* * *

T a b l e 9 . P a y f o r u n u s e d s i c k l e a v e a t e n d o f b e n e f i t y e a r in m a j o r
c o lle c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t s by in d u s tr y g r o u p , 195 9
(jV/ojrlcejr^^ir^tlio^saLnd^^,,

P r o v is io n s fo r u n u sed s ic k le a v e
at en d o f b e n e f i t y e a r

A l l a g r e e m e n t s w ith u n if o r m
a n d g r a d u a t e d p a id s i c k l e a v e
p l a n s ____________________________________
No p r o v is io n fo r pay fo r u n u sed
s i c k l e a v e ______________________________
N o p a y fo r u n u se d p o r tio n
( s p e c i f i c p r o v i s i o n ) _________________
P a y fo r u n u sed p o r tio n p r o v i d e d _
_
P a y fo r e x c e s s o v e r a llo w e d
a c c u m u l a t i o n ____________________________
O t h e r 1 _______ ____________________________

A ll in d u s t r ie s
A gree­
m e n ts

W ork ers

277

1 ,2 1 6 .0

236

M a n u fa c tu r in g
A gree­
m e n ts

W ork ers

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
A gree­
m e n ts

W ork ers

1 16

541. 0

161

675. 0

1 ,0 1 6 . 8

80

356. 9

1 56

659. 8

3
29

11. 1
155. 2

2
27

1 0 .0
144. 2

1
2

1. 1
11. 0

5
4

14. 1
19. 0

5
2

14. 1
2

3. 1

1 5 .9

1 I n c lu d e s 2 a g r e e m e n t s w h ic h g a v e e m p l o y e e s th e c h o ic e o f b e i n g p a id f o r th e u n ­
u s e d p o r t i o n o f s i c k l e a v e o r a c c u m u l a t i n g to a s p e c i f i e d a m o u n t ; 1 a g r e e m e n t w h ic h s t a t e d
th a t th e e m p l o y e r m i g h t p a y th e e m p l o y e e f o r s i c k l e a v e b e y o n d a g i v e n a c c u m u l a t i o n ; an d
1 a g r e e m e n t w h ic h s t i p u l a t e d th a t th e u n u s e d p o r t i o n o f s i c k l e a v e w a s to b e a d d e d to th e
e m p l o y e e 's v a c a t io n .
NOTE:




B ecau se

of

r o u n d in g ,

su m s

o f i n d iv id u a l

ite m s

m ay

not eq u al to ta ls .

19
O n ly th re e a g r e e m e n t s s p e c i f i c a l l y m e n tio n e d that u n u sed le a v e w o u ld n o t
b e p a id f o r :
S ic k b e n e fits a re n o t cu m u la tiv e f r o m
v e r t ib le to c a s h b o n u s .

y e a r to y e a r ,

nor co n ­

T h e v a s t m a jo r i t y o f the s ic k le a v e p la n s (236 o u t o f 2 77) m a d e n o r e f e r ­
e n c e to pay f o r u n u sed le a v e .
P a y f o r S ic k L e a v e at J ob T e r m i n a t i o n .— P a y f o r u n u sed s ic k le a v e to
w o r k e r s w h o s e e m p lo y m e n t w a s te r m in a te d w a s p r o v id e d f o r in 34 o f the 277 s ic k
le a v e plan s (ta b le 1 0).
G e n e r a lly , a w o r k e r w a s p aid f o r h is to ta l a c c r u a l , b u t
in a fe w c a s e s a c e ilin g w a s e s t a b lis h e d :
If an e m p lo y e e h as e a r n e d s ic k le a v e and h as n o t ta k en sa m e
p r i o r to te r m in a tin g h is e m p lo y m e n t w ith the c o m p a n y ,
in ­
c lu d in g te r m in a tio n b y q u ittin g , d is c h a r g e , m ilit a r y s e r v i c e ,
and la y o f f due to r e d u c t io n in f o r c e b e c a u s e o f la c k o f w o r k ,
then he s h a ll b e p a id 8 h o u r s ' pay at the e m p lo y e e 's th en ra te
o f p a y f o r e a c h day o f s ic k le a v e n ot u s e d .
* * *
P a y m e n t o f u n u sed s ic k le a v e s h a ll b e lim it e d to c o m p e n s a t io n
f o r Y2 o f the r e t ir a n t s ' s ic k l e a v e , n o t to e x c e e d 30 s ic k
le a v e d a y s .
* * *
A c c u m u la te d s ic k and in ju r y le a v e in e x c e s s o f 6 d ays s h a ll be
p a id to an e m p lo y e e w h o is s e v e r e d f r o m the a c tiv e p a y r o ll f o r
any c a u s e e x c e p t le a v e o f a b s e n c e .

T a b le 10. P a y fo r u n u sed s ic k le a v e at tim e o f jo b t e r m in a tio n in m a jo r
c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n ts by in d u s tr y g r o u p , 1959
iw o r K e r s in tn ou sa
P r o v i s i o n s fo r u n u se d ^ sick le a v e
at t e r m in a tio n o f e m p lo y m e n t

A ll a g r e e m e n ts w ith u n ifo r m and
g r a d u a te d p a id s ic k le a v e
p la n s ____________________ ________
No p r o v i s i o n f o r p a y m e n t o f
u n u se d s ic k le a v e at
e m p l o y e e 's t e r m in a tio n __________
No p a y f o r u n u se d p o r t io n
( s p e c i f i c p r o v is io n ) ______________
P a y f o r u n u sed p o r t io n p r o v id e d L_«
P a y f o r l e s s than u n u sed
p o r t io n p r o v i d e d ___________________
O th er 2 --------------------------------------------------

A ll in d u s tr ie s
A gree­
m e n ts

W ork ers

IQS]

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m an u f ac tur ing

A gree­
m e n ts

W ork ers

A g ree­
m en ts

W ork ers

277

1 ,2 1 6 .0

116

541. 0

161

67 5. 0

209

93 6. 2

81

3 5 6 .0

128

58 0. 3

34
27

101. 6
1 4 8 .6

11
20

40. 1
1 1 8 .5

23
7

6 1 .4
30. 1

4
3

5. 7
24. 0

2
2

3 .4
2 3 .0

2
1

2. 3
1 .0

1 T h is c a t e g o r y c o v e r s a ll ty p e s o f t e r m in a tio n , e . g. , r e t ir e m e n t , d is a b ilit y , la y o ff,
and e n tr y in to the a r m e d f o r c e s .
2 D e ta ils w e r e not c l e a r in 1 a g r e e m e n t; a n oth er a g r e e m e n t p r o v id e d that the am oun t
v a r y w ith the s e n io r it y o f the e m p lo y e e ; a th ir d a g r e e m e n t p r o v id e d that the e m p lo y e e , a fte r
20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , w o u ld r e c e i v e p a y fo r l e s s than the u n u sed p o r t io n o f p a id s ic k le a v e .




N O T E : B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,

su m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m a y not eq u a l t o ta ls .

20
A m o n g the a g r e e m e n t s n ot p r o v id in g f o r s u ch p a y m e n ts ,
p r o v i s io n r e la tin g to n on p a y m e n t:

34 had a s p e c i f i c

S e p a r a tio n f r o m th e p a y r o l l b y r e a s o n o f q uit, d is c h a r g e , la y o ff,
o r any o th e r f o r m o f s e p a r a tio n w ill im m e d ia t e ly c a n c e l s ic k
b e n e fit s .
3 *
Je

*

A ll b e n e fit s u n d er th is p la n /.p a id s ic k l e a v e / c l o s e im m e d ia t e ly
w h en e m p lo y m e n t w ith the c o m p a n y is te r m in a te d f o r any r e a s o n .
M e d ic a l C o n tr o l and D is c ip lin e •
M e d ic a l E v id e n c e . — R e q u ir e m e n ts f o r the s u b m is s io n o f m e d ic a l e v id e n c e
b e f o r e an e m p lo y e e b e c a m e e lig ib le f o r s ic k le a v e p a y m e n ts w e r e s p e c if ie d in
t h r e e - f if t h s o f the p la n s (ta b le 11). 12

T a b le 11. M e d ic a l e v id e n c e r e q u ir e d to r e c e i v e p a id s ic k le a v e b e n e fit s
in m a jo r c o l l e c t i v e b a rg a in in g a g r e e m e n ts by in d u s tr y g r o u p , 1959
£Work£rs_jn^ho^
M a n u fa ctu rin g

A ll in d u s tr ie s
P r o v i s i o n s f o r m e d ic a l e v id e n c e

A ll a g r e e m e n ts w ith u n ifo r m
and g ra d u a te d p a id s ic k le a v e
p l a n s ______ ___________________ —
No p r o v i s i o n f o r m e d ic a l
e v id e n c e ----------------------------------------D o c t o r 's c e r t i f i c a t e r e q u i r e d _____
C o m p a n y e x a m in a tio n r e q u ir e d —
D o c t o r 's c e r t i f i c a t e and c o m p a n y
e x a m in a tio n r e q u i r e d _____________
D o c t o r 's c e r t i f i c a t e a n d /o r
c o m p a n y e x a m in a tio n m a y
b e r e q u i r e d _________________________
D o c t o r 's c e r t i f i c a t e r e q u ir e d and
c o m p a n y m a y r e q u ir e
e x a m i n a t i o n ________________________
G e n e r a l e v id e n c e 1__________________
O t h e r 2 ________________
____
_____

A g ree­
m e n ts

W ork ers

A g ree­
m e n ts

W ork ers

N o n m a n u fa ctu r in g
A gree­
m e n ts

W ork ers

277

1 ,2 1 6 .0

116

5 4 1 .0

161

6 7 5 .0

111
47
12

6 5 9 .2
1 9 4 .6
5 2 .4

37
29
6

2 3 1 .3
1 0 5 .9
3 7 .4

74
18
6

427. 9
88. 7
15. 0

4

6. 8

2

2. 8

2

4. 0

47

116. 7

15

4 5 .4

32

71. 3

12
36
8

22. 5
140. 2
23. 7

1
24
2

1 .4
1 1 1 .8
5. 1

11
12
6

21 . 2
28. 5
18. 6

1 T h e se a g r e e m e n ts p r o v id e d f o r " a c c e p t a b le m e d ic a l e v i d e n c e ," " r e a s o n a b le p r o o f
s a t is fa c t o r y to the c o m p a n y ," and " a c c o r d in g to the ju d g e m e n t o f a p h y s i c i a n ."
T h ey w e r e
a m b ig u o u s a s to w h o w a s r e s p o n s ib le f o r o b ta in in g m e d ic a l e v id e n c e as b e tw e e n the e m ­
p lo y e e and the c o m p a n y o r e v e n i f a p h y s ic ia n 's sta te m e n t w a s r e q u ir e d .
2 I n c lu d e s 3 a g r e e m e n t s w h ic h stip u la te d that a d o c t o r 's c e r t if ic a t e w o u ld be r e q u ir e d
f o r a b s e n c e b e y o n d a s p e c if ie d n u m b e r o f d a y s , a ls o , u n d er c e r t a in c ir c u m s t a n c e s , m e d i­
c a l e v id e n c e m ig h t b e r e q u ir e d f o r the p r e v io u s d ay s o f a b s e n c e ; 2 a g r e e m e n ts r e q u ir e d a
d o c t o r 's c e r t i f i c a t e o r a c o m p a n y e x a m in a tio n ; and o f the r e m a in in g 3 a g r e e m e n t s , 1 r e ­
q u ir e d a d o c t o r 's c e r t i f i c a t e f o r e x te n d e d s ic k le a v e b e n e fit s o n ly ; a n o th e r , r e q u ir e d that
a jo in t c o m m it t e e o f the u n ion and m a n a g e m e n t v is it the e m p lo y e e i f th e r e w e r e any d oubt
b y m a n a g e m e n t as to the v a lid ity o f the s ic k le a v e c la im ; and the r e m a in in g a g r e e m e n t r e ­
q u ir e d that the e m p lo y e e p r e s e n t s a t is fa c t o r y e v id e n c e o f in a b ility to w o r k a n d /o r the c o m ­
pany m ig h t r e q u ir e an e x a m in a tio n .
N O T E : B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,

su m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m a y n ot eq u a l t o t a ls .

12 U nder a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s p la n s , w ith fe w e x c e p t io n s , d is a b le d w o r k e r s
a r e r e q u ir e d to b e u n d er a p h y sicia n * s c a r e in o r d e r to c o l l e c t b e n e fit s and in
m a n y c a s e s the d is a b ilit y had to b e a tte s te d to b y the p h y s ic ia n .
Op. c it. , p. 1.




21

n a tion ,

U nder 75 a g r e e m e n t s , e ith e r a d o c t o r * s c e r t i f i c a t e , a c o m p a n y e x a m i­
o r b oth , w a s n e c e s s a r y a s p r o o f o f a b s e n c e b e c a u s e o f i ll n e s s .
In o r d e r to r e c e i v e b e n e fit s u n d e r the a b o v e s c h e d u le the e m ­
p lo y e e m u s t p r e s e n t a d o c t o r * s c e r t i f i c a t e c e r t ify in g to h is
illn e s s .
* # *
A ll s ic k and in ju r y le a v e is s u b je c t to v e r if ic a t io n b y the c o m ­
pany* s m e d ic a l d e p a r tm e n t . . .
* * *
T h e e m p lo y e e s h a ll s u b m it to the c o m p a n y e v id e n c e in w r itin g
that h e w a s u n a b le to w o r k on c e r t a in c a le n d a r d a te s b e c a u s e
o f s ic k n e s s o r o f f - t h e - j o b a c c id e n t s f o r w h ic h h e c la im s s ic k
le a v e w ith p a y .
Such s ta te m e n ts s h a ll b e c e r t i f i e d to b y the
a tten d in g d o c t o r and a p p r o v e d b y the c o m p a n y p h y s ic ia n o r
p h y s ic ia n s . . .
* * *
In o r d e r to r e c e i v e / p a i d s ic k le a v e b e n e f it s / u n d er th is p la n the
o p e r a t o r s h a ll s u b m it to the c o m p a n y m e d ic a l e v id e n c e o f h is
d is a b ilit y f r o m a c o m p a n y p h y s ic ia n o r o th e r b o n a fid e l i ­
c e n s e d m e d ic a l d o c t o r . . . the c o m p a n y at its o p tio n m a y r e ­
q u ir e a s p e c ia l e x a m in a tio n o f o p e r a t o r b y a d o c t o r to b e d e s i g ­
n a ted b y the c o m p a n y .

In 47 o th e r a g r e e m e n t s , the c o m p a n y r e s e r v e d the r ig h t to r e q u e s t an
e x a m in a tio n o r a d o c t o r * s c e r t i f i c a t e . F o r e x a m p le :
The e m p lo y e r m a y r e q u e s t r e a s o n a b le p r o o f o f s u ch s ic k n e s s ,
su ch a s a d o c t o r * s c e r t i f i c a t e w h ich m u s t b e fu r n is h e d i f r e ­
q u e s te d , w ith in 10 d a y s a ft e r te r m in a tio n o f a n y p e r i o d o f i l l n e s s .
* * *
T h e e m p lo y e e m u s t r e p o r t a b s e n c e b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s on the
f i r s t d ay, and fu r n is h a d o c t o r * s c e r t i f i c a t e , i f r e q u e s t e d b y
the c o m p a n y .
T h e c o m p a n y m a y r e q u ir e , a s a c o n d it io n f o r
m a k in g p a y m e n t f o r s u ch i ll n e s s , that the e m p lo y e e b e e x ­
a m in e d b y a d o c t o r n a m e d b y the c o m p a n y , su ch e x a m in a tio n
to b e a t co m p a n y * s e x p e n s e .

In m a n y a g r e e m e n t s the p e r s o n r e s p o n s i b l e f o r o b ta in in g m e d ic a l e v i ­
d e n c e w a s n ot c l e a r l y d e s ig n a te d n o r w a s it a lw a y s c e r t a in that a p h y s ic ia n * s
s ta te m e n t w a s r e q u ir e d , a s in the fo llo w in g e x a m p le s :
(a)

W hen e m p lo y e e s a r e a b s e n t b e c a u s e o f d is a b ilit y due to
s ic k n e s s o r n o n c o m p e n s a b le a c c id e n t , and w h en s u ch a b ­
s e n c e s and th e ir c o n tin u a tio n a r e s u p p o r te d b y a c c e p t a b le
m e d ic a l e v id e n c e , p a r t w a g e p a y m e n ts s h a ll b e m a d e in a c ­
c o r d a n c e w ith the t e r m s and c o n d it io n s h e r e in a ft e r s e t fo r th .
* * *

C om p a n y m a y r e q u ir e s a t i s fa c t o r y e v id e n c e o f an e m p lo y e e * s
i ll n e s s o r d is a b ilit y b e f o r e s ic k le a v e w ill b e g r a n te d . . .




22
U n d er s e v e r a l o th e r a g r e e m e n t s , m e d ic a l e v id e n c e w as n e c e s s a r y o n ly
i f the a b s e n c e la s t e d b e y o n d a s p e c if ie d n u m b e r o f d a y s .
H o w e v e r , in c a s e s
w h e r e the c o m p a n y s u s p e c t e d m a lin g e r in g , p r o o f o f ill n e s s f o r the e n tir e le a v e
p e r io d w as r e q u ir e d , as in the fo llo w in g e x a m p le s :
A ll e m p lo y e e s m u s t s u p p ly a d o c t o r 's c e r t i f i c a t e c o v e r i n g d i s ­
a b ilit ie s o f m o r e than 3 days* d u r a tio n .
He m u s t b e t r e a t e d b y
the d o c t o r at l e a s t e v e r y 7 d a y s t h e r e a ft e r o r fu r n is h a s t a t e ­
m e n t that it is n o t n e c e s s a r y .
In the c a s e s o f in d iv id u a l e m ­
p lo y e e s , the c o m p a n y r e s e r v e s the r ig h t to n o tify the e m p lo y e e
w ith c o p y to the u n io n , th a t, b e c a u s e o f h is r e p o r t e d s ic k n e s s
r e c o r d , a d o c t o r 's c e r t i f i c a t e w ill b e r e q u ir e d c o v e r i n g a ll d ays
o f i ll n e s s as a c o n d it io n f o r p a y m e n t o f s ic k le a v e .
* * *
M e d ic a l e v id e n c e o f d is a b ilit y w ill b e r e q u ir e d a ft e r the f i r s t
2 d ays o f s ic k n e s s to b e e l ig i b l e f o r any b e n e f i t s .
H o w e v e r in
c a s e s w h e r e th e r e a p p e a r s to b e an a b u se o f th is s ic k n e s s b e n e ­
fit p r i v il e g e , the c o m p a n y m a y r e q u e s t m e d ic a l e v id e n c e o f the
f i r s t 2 d a ys o f s i c k n e s s .
T h e c o m p a n y at its o p tio n m a y
r e q u ir e an e x a m in a tio n o f the e m p lo y e e b y a d o c t o r to b e d e s i g ­
n a ted and p a id f o r b y the c o m p a n y .
M e d ic a l e v id e n c e w ill b e
a c c e p t e d f r o m any m e d ic a l p r a c t it io n e r a c c e p t e d b y the State
D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r and I n d u s t r ie s .
A un iqu e c la u s e w a s n o te d in on e a g r e e m e n t w h ich p r o v id e d f o r a jo in t
u n io n -m a n a g e m e n t c o m m it t e e to v e r i f y s ic k le a v e c l a i m s .
A c o m m it t e e c o m p r is e d o f u n ion and m a n a g e m e n t w ith e q u a l
r e p r e s e n t a t io n s h a ll jo in t ly v i s i t any e m p lo y e e c la im in g s i c k ­
n e s s o r in ju r y , w h e r e th e r e is any d ou b t b y m a n a g e m e n t as to
the v a lid c l a i m o f s a id e m p lo y e e , as to s ic k n e s s o r in ju r y .
The
fin d in g s o f th is c o m m it t e e s h a ll b e fin a l s u b je c t to r e v ie w b y
the u n ion b u s in e s s a gen t and a r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f the c o m ­
pan y . . . A n y e m p lo y e e ta k in g u n fa ir adva n ta ge o f th is c la u s e
w ill be lia b le to im m e d ia te d is c h a r g e w ith o u t n o t ic e o r p a y in
lie u o f n o t i c e .
D is c ip lin e f o r A b u se o f S ic k L e a v e . — A n u m b e r o f a g r e e m e n ts p r o ­
v id e d f o r d is c i p l i n a r y m e a s u r e s a g a in s t e m p lo y e e s f o r m a k in g fa ls e c l a im s f o r
s ic k l e a v e .
. . . A n e m p lo y e e fou n d to h a v e a b u s e d h is s ic k le a v e p r i v i ­
l e g e s s h a ll b e s u b je c t to d is c ip lin e b y the c o m p a n y .
* * *
Th e c o m p a n y r e s e r v e s the r ig h t to w ith h o ld b e n e fit p a y m e n ts
to any e m p lo y e e w h o is g u ilty o f s u b m ittin g a f a l s e c l a im o r
o f a bu se o f the p r i v il e g e s c o v e r e d and m a y take d is c i p l i n a r y
a c tio n in c lu d in g d is c h a r g e .
* * *
A n y o p e r a t o r fou n d to h a v e a b u s e d the s ic k n e s s b e n e fit p r i v i ­
l e g e s b y f a l s i f ic a t i o n o r m i s r e p r e s e n t a t i o n s h a ll t h e r e f o r e b e
s u b je c t to d is c i p l i n a r y a c t io n and r e d u c t io n o r e lim in a t io n o f
s ic k n e s s b e n e f i t s , and s h a ll fu r t h e r r e s t o r e to the c o m p a n y
a m ou n ts p a id to h im f o r p e r i o d o f s i c k a b s e n c e .




23
E x c lu d e d I lln e s s e s and I n j u r i e s .— S ixty s ic k le a v e p la n s e x c lu d e d a b ­
s e n c e s due to c e r t a in d is a b il i t ie s a n d /o r in ju r ie s (o th e r than o c c u p a t io n a l). A m o n g
the e x c lu s io n s lis t e d w e r e d is a b il i t ie s due to the u s e o f in t o x ic a n ts (3 2 p la n s ) and
n a r c o t i c s (2 4 ), and th o s e r e s u ltin g f r o m v e n e r e a l d is e a s e (2 3 ), m is c o n d u c t (3 2 ),
v io la t io n o f la w s (1 6 ), o r s e l f - i n f l i c t e d in ju r y (2 1 ).
N ine a g r e e m e n t s e x c lu d e d
a b s e n c e s due to p r e g n a n c y , and in tw o the e x c lu s io n s r e f e r r e d to m e n ta l d i s o r d e r s .

T h e fo llo w in g

c la u s e s

co n ta in

e x a m p le s

of

e x c lu s io n s

fr o m

p a id s ic k

le a v e .
N o b e n e fit s s h a ll b e p a y a b le f o r any p e r i o d o f d is a b ilit y due to
p r e g n a n c y o r r e s u lt in g c h ild b ir th , m i s c a r r i a g e o r a b o r tio n , and
f o r any p e r i o d o f d is a b ilit y due to w ilfu lly o r in te n tio n a lly s e l f in f lic t e d in ju r y , o r to in ju r ie s s u s ta in e d in the p e r p e t r a t io n b y
the in d iv id u a l o f a h ig h m is d e m e a n o r .
No s ic k le a v e w ill b e
a llo w e d f o r ill n e s s o r b e c a u s e o f a c c id e n t a s a c o n s e q u e n c e o f
w o r k in g f o r an e m p lo y e r o th e r than the c o m p a n y o r w o r k in g f o r
r e m u n e r a t io n th ro u g h s e lf -e m p lo y m e n t .
*

*

%

S ick b e n e fit s w ill n ot b e p a id w h en a b s e n c e is due to u s e o f d r u g s ,
v e n e r e a l d is e a s e , w illfu l m is c o n d u c t , o r any o th e r s e lf -i n d u c e d
d is a b ilit y , o r u n d er the in flu e n c e o f in t o x ic a t in g l iq u o r s . . .
❖

*

sje

E m p lo y e e s w h o a r e a b s e n t b e c a u s e o f an ill n e s s o r o ff-d u t y
a c c id e n t r e s u ltin g e ith e r f r o m g r o s s n e g lig e n c e on the p a r t o f
the e m p lo y e e o r f r o m a c t iv it y in c id e n t to e m p lo y m e n t, a s d e ­
fin e d b y the P e n n s y lv a n ia W o r k m e n 1s C o m p e n s a tio n A c t, w ith
an e m p lo y e r o th e r than the co m p a n y , s h a ll n ot r e c e i v e a b s e n c e
p a y a llo w a n c e . A b s e n c e s fa llin g in th is c a t e g o r y m a y b e i l l u s ­
tr a te d a s f o llo w s :




(1)

A b s e n c e s r e s u lt in g f r o m su n b u rn , e x c e p t that, w h e r e
a d ou b t e x is t s a s to the e m p lo y e e 1s g r o s s n e g l i ­
g e n c e , p a y m e n t w ill b e m a d e f o r the f i r s t su ch
a bsen ce.

(2)

A b s e n c e s r e s u lt in g
f r o m in ju r y
r e c e iv e d d u r­
in g a n y a lt e r c a t io n in w h ich the e m p lo y e e is the
a ggressor.

(3 )

A bsen ces

(4)

A b s e n c e s r e s u lt in g f r o m o th e r r e a s o n s w h ich m a y
b e f r o m tim e to tim e m u tu a lly a g r e e d u pon b e tw e e n
the c o m p a n y and the u n ion g r ie v a n c e c o m m it t e e .

r e s u lt in g

fr o m

sj<

sje

the

use

of

in to x ic a n ts .

sje

. . .
N o s ic k p a y m e n ts w ill b e m a d e f o r . . . s ta te s o f n e r v o u s ­
n e s s o r m e n ta l d is e a s e .

24
S ick L e a v e S u p p lem en ts

A c c id e n t and S ic k n e s s I n s u r a n c e . — T h e r e la t io n b e tw e e n p a id s ic k le a v e
and in s u r e d a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s b e n e fit s w a s s p e c i f i c a l l y d e s c r i b e d in o n ly
16 a g r e e m e n t s . In s i x a g r e e m e n t s , an e m p lo y e e r e c e i v e d the d if f e r e n c e b e tw e e n
the a m ou n t p a y a b le u n d er a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s in s u r a n c e and p a id s ic k le a v e , and
in on e a g r e e m e n t h e c o u ld , f o r th e s a m e a b s e n c e , r e c e i v e c o m p e n s a t io n u n d e r b o th
p la n s . T h e o th e r a g r e e m e n t s a llo w e d s ic k le a v e to b e a p p lie d a g a in s t the w a itin g
p e r i o d u n d er a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s p la n s .

If an e m p lo y e e b e c o m e s e n title d to p a y m e n t f o r s ic k le a v e , th e r e
s h a ll b e d e d u c te d t h e r e f r o m p a y m e n t m a d e on a c c o u n t o f the
p a r t ic u la r ill n e s s u n d e r (1 ) the com pa n y* s g r o u p a c c id e n t and
s ic k n e s s p la n . . .
* * *
T h e s ic k b e n e fit s p r o v id e d f o r h e r e in s h a ll b e l e s s any a m o u n t
o r a m o u n ts o f d is a b ilit y b e n e fit s w h ich m a y b e p r o v id e d f o r
th rou g h State o r F e d e r a l le g is la t io n o r in c r e a s e d w e e k ly b e n e ­
f it s p r o v id e d in the g r o u p in s u r a n c e p la n .
*

*

*

T h e co m p a n y a g r e e s th at p a y m e n t o f w a g e s d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m
w o r k a s a r e s u l t o f s ic k n e s s o r in ju r y . . . s h a ll b e m a d e r e ­
g a r d le s s o f a ny g r o u p a c c id e n t , h e a lth b e n e fit in s u r a n c e , o r
w ork m en * s c o m p e n s a t io n in s u r a n c e th at m a y b e p a id to s u ch
e m p lo y e e s .
*

*

*

No p a r t o f the . . . s ic k le a v e p a y s h a ll b e p a y a b le f o r o r
a p p lic a b le to a n y d a y s o f a b s e n c e d ue to s ic k n e s s o r a c c id e n t
f o r w h ich th e e m p lo y e e i s p a id w e e k ly s ic k n e s s o r a c c id e n t in ­
d e m n ity u n d er th e in s u r a n c e p o l i c y . . . p r o v id e d , h o w e v e r ,
that if, e ith e r at the b e g in n in g o r d u r in g a n y o th e j^ p o r t io n o f
a d is a b ilit y , the e m p lo y e e is a b s e n t on d a y s f o r w h ich n o su ch
in s u r a n c e b e n e fit s a r e p a y a b le , the s ic k le a v e and p a y . . .
p r o v id e d f o r s h a ll b e p a y a b le f o r and a p p lic a b le to su ch d a y s .

W o rk m en *s C o m p e n s a tio n . — P a id s ic k le a v e is u s e d o n ly in fr e q u e n tly to
s u p p le m e n t w ork m en * s c o m p e n s a t io n p a y m e n ts r e q u ir e d f o r o c c u p a t io n a l d i s a b i l i ­
t ie s b y State la w .

O n ly on e o f t h e p a id s ic k le a v e a g r e e m e n t s stip u la te d s ic k le a v e p a y ­
m e n ts in a d d itio n to w o r k m e n * s c o m p e n s a tio n .
(S e e th ir d e x a m p le c it e d u n d er
h e a d in g im m e d ia t e ly p r e c e d in g . )
F o r t y - s i x s p e c if ie d that the le g a lly r e q u ir e d
p a y m e n ts w e r e to b e d e d u c te d f r o m s ic k le a v e ; th r e e o f th e s e a ls o a p p lie d s ic k
le a v e to the w a itin g p e r i o d b e f o r e w o r k m e n * s c o m p e n s a tio n b e g a n , and in th r e e
o t h e r s an e m p lo y e e * s s ic k le a v e w a s r e d u c e d b y l e s s than the a ctu a l tim e u s e d




25
(ta b le 12). On the o th e r hand, s u ch s u p p le m e n ts w e r e s p e c i f i c a l l y p r o h ib it e d in
50 a g r e e m e n t s .
M an y o f th e s e u s e d fu n d s o th e r than s ic k le a v e p a y m e n ts to
add to w o r k m e n 1s c o m p e n s a tio n . 13
T h e c o m p a n y w ill p a y an e m p lo y e e w h o is a b s e n t due to c o m ­
p e n s a b le in ju r y the e x c e s s , if any, w h ich he w o u ld h ave r e ­
c e iv e d u n d e r the s ic k b e n e fit p r o v i s io n s had th is in ju r y b e e n
n o n c o m p e n s a b le o v e r the p a y m e n ts h e r e c e i v e s u n d e r the w o r k ­
m e n 1s c o m p e n s a tio n la w .
# ❖

#

S a la ry c o n tin u a n c e p a y m e n ts s h a ll b e r e d u c e d b y the a m ou n t o f
any w o r k m e n 1s c o m p e n s a t io n p a y m e n ts that m a y b e p a y a b le to
an e m p lo y e e w ith r e s p e c t to the p e r i o d o f s a la r y c o n tin u a n c e .
❖

* *

T a b le 12 . M e th o d o f p a y in g s i c k le a v e su p p le m e n ts to w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n
in m a jo r c o l l e c t i v e b a rg a in in g a g r e e m e n ts by in d u s tr y g r o u p , 1959
______________

(W o r k e r s in th ou sa n d s)

P r o v i s i o n fo r p a y in g s u p p le m e n ts
to w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n

A ll a g r e e m e n ts w ith u n ifo r m and
g r a d u a te d p a id s i c k le a v e
p la n s _______________________________
N o p r o v i s i o n f o r p ay in g
su pp l e m e n ts
P a y m e n t o f s u p p le m e n ts p r o ­
h ib ite d o r s u p p le m e n ts o th e r
than p a id s i c k le a v e p r o v i d e d ___
D e d u cte d w o r k m e n 's c o m ­
p e n s a tio n fr o m p a id s ic k le a v e —
P a id f o r w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n ­
s a tio n w a itin g p e r io d and d e ­
d u c te d w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n ­
s a tio n fr o m p a id s i c k l e a v e --------D e d u cte d w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n ­
s a tio n fr o m p a id s ic k le a v e ,
bu t s ic k le a v e a c c o u n t c h a r g e d
f o r a s m a lle r am ou n t o f t i m e ____

A ll ind u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
A g re e ­ W ork ers
*
m e n ts i
1
\

W ork ers

A gree­
m e n ts

277

1 ,2 1 6 .0

116

5 4 1 .0

161

1 170

9 2 0 .5

73

3 9 5 .4

97

525. 1

50

151. 9

21

8 7 .0

29

6 4 .9

40

1 0 5 .0

16

4 3 .3

24

6 1 .7

3

4. 3

-

-

3

4 .3

3
11

4. 3
30. 1

6

1 5 .3

3
5

4 .3
1 4 .8

A gree­
m e n ts

W ork ers

6 7 5 .0

1 In c lu d e s 10 a g r e e m e n ts w h ich a ls o c o v e r ed id o not p a tio n a l
bu t d
ccu
s p e c if y the m e th o d o f su p p le m e n tin g w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n b e n e fit s .
* In c lu d e s 4 a g r e e m e n ts w h ich p r o v id e d that the fu ll s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e b e ad d ed
to w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n and 2 a g r e e m e n ts w h ic h c o v e r e d the w a itin g p e r io d u n d er s p e c ia l
c ir c u m s t a n c e s o n ly ; 2 c o n t r a c t s p r o v id e d that s ic k le a v e s u p p le m e n t w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n
at l e s s than the h o u r ly p a id s ic k le a v e r a t e ; the r e m a in in g a g r e e m e n ts c o n ta in e d v a r io u s
o th e r p r o v i s i o n s .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,

d is a b ilit ie s ,

su m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s m a y n ot equ al t o t a ls .

13
A g r e e m e n t s w h ic h p r o v id e d f o r s u p p le m e n ts to w o r k m e n 1s c o m p e n s a tio n
but d id n ot a ls o in c lu d e p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e n ot a c c o u n te d f o r in th is stu dy.
M o r e than a fo u r th o f a c c id e n t and s ic k n e s s p la n s p r o v id e d c o v e r a g e
f o r o n - t h e - jo b d is a b il i t ie s .
Op. c it. , p . 17.




26
A n e m p lo y e e w ith m o r e than 5 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e w ill r e c e i v e
a s ic k le a v e p a y m e n t as p r o v id e d f o r in s ic k le a v e s e c t i o n ,
d u rin g the c o m p e n s a b le a c c id e n t w a itin g p e r io d p r o v id e d this
w a itin g p e r io d is n o t p a id f o r as r e q u ir e d b y the c o m p e n s a ­
tio n la w .
* * *
S ic k le a v e w ill b e a llo w e d o n ly in c a s e s o f b o n a fid e ill n e s s o f
the e m p lo y e e , n e c e s s it a t in g a b s e n c e f r o m work®
It w ill n o t be
a llo w e d in c a s e s o f u n e x c u s e d a b s e n c e , n o r in c a s e the e m p lo y e e
d e r iv e s b e n e fits u n d e r a w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n la w .
* * *
E m p lo y e e s w h o a r e p a id w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n a n d ^ a re e n ­
t it le d to s ic k le a v e w ill o n ly b e p a id the d if fe r e n c e b e tw e e n
w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n and s ic k le a v e f o r the n u m b e r o f w e e k s
that the e m p lo y e e is e n title d to s ic k le a v e ; th is in c lu d e s the
w a itin g p e r i o d .
T h e a m ou n t s o p a id w ill n o t b e c h a r g e d a g a in s t
the e m p l o y e e 's s ic k le a v e a c c o u n t.

T h e fo llo w in g is an e x a m p le o f a s ic k le a v e s u p p le m e n t that c h a r g e d the
s ic k le a v e a c c o u n t o f the e m p lo y e e f o r a s m a l le r a m o u n t o f tim e than a c tu a lly p a id .

In the c a s e o f in ju r y and d is a b ilit y a r is in g ou t o f and in the
c o u r s e o f the e m p lo y m e n t , the e m p lo y e e s h a ll r e c e i v e u n d e r
the p r o v is io n s o f th is a r t i c l e , in a d d itio n to any b e n e fits p a y ­
a b le u n d e r w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n a c t s , s ic k le a v e p a y f o r
tim e l o s t , b e g in n in g w ith the f i r s t d ay o f s u ch a b s e n c e , p r e d i ­
c a t e d u p on len g th o f co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e as p r o v id e d in the s c h e d ­
u le o f a llo w a n c e s s e t f o r t h in th is a r t i c l e u n d e r " S ic k le a v e f o r
p e r s o n a l i l l n e s s , " to the e x te n t o f the d if fe r e n c e b e tw e e n the
a m ou n t r e c e i v e d u n d e r w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n a c ts and fu ll
w a g e s (e x c lu d in g o v e r t i m e ) .
E a c h d a y o r f r a c t i o n o f a d ay o f
s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e p a id in a c c o r d a n c e w ith th is s e c t i o n to
s u p p le m e n t any a m ou n t p a id u n d e r the p r o v is io n s o f w o r k m e n 's
c o m p e n s a t io n a c t s , s h a ll b e c h a r g e d a g a in s t e a r n e d s ic k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s as p a y m e n t o f s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s f o r t h r e e - f if t h s
o f a w o r k in g d a y .




27
Appendix
Selected Collective Bargaining Provisions
In o r d e r to illu s t r a t e the v a r io u s e le m e n t s o f p o li c y r e la tin g to p aid s ic k
le a v e p r o v i s io n s in m a jo r u n ion c o n t r a c t s , e n tir e s e c t io n s o f s e le c t e d c o l l e c t i v e
b a r g a in in g a g r e e m e n t s a r e r e p r o d u c e d on the fo llo w in g p a g e s . T h e s e sh ou ld not
b e c o n s i d e r e d a s m o d e l o r t y p ic a l p r o v i s io n s .




28
F r o m the a g r e e m e n t b e tw e e n
T h e S ou th ern N e w E n g la n d T e le p h o n e C o ,
and the C o n n e c tic u t U nion o f T e le p h o n e
W o r k e r s , In c . (in d . )

S h ort p e r io d

6. 01

no

s ic k n e s s f o r h e a d q u a r t e r s — a ll d e p a r tm e n ts

S h ort P e r io d S ic k n e s s

la t e r

(a ) G e n e r a l. — A s u p e r v is o r s h a ll b e n o t ifie d o f a b s e n c e due to s ic k n e s s
than the s ta r t o f the day*s s c h e d u le d w o r k tim e w h e n e v e r p o s s i b l e .

(b ) A r e g u la r o r p r o v i s io n a ll y r e g u la r f u l l - o r p a r t -t im e e m p lo y e e s h a ll
r e c e i v e n o r m a l pay f o r s h o r t p e r io d s o f tim e o f f duty o c c a s i o n e d b y p e r s o n a l
s ic k n e s s a s in d ic a te d b e lo w .
(A ls o s e e p a r a g r a p h ( c ) w h ic h f o l l o w s . )
D u rin g the f i r s t y e a r o f net c r e d it e d

s e r v ic e — N one

D u rin g the s e c o n d y e a r o f n et c r e d it e d s e r v i c e — 5 w o r k in g d a y s
A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f n et c r e d it e d
s e r v ic e y e a r.

s e r v i c e — 10 w o r k in g d a y s d u r in g e a c h

In the c a s e o f a p a r t -t im e e m p lo y e e , the le n g th o f the s c h e d u le on the a b s e n t
d a y s in v o lv e d sh a ll be c o n s id e r e d a s co n s titu tin g a w o r k in g d ay and p a y m e n t s h a ll
b e b a s e d on the len g th o f the s ch e d u le on the p a r t ic u la r d a y s f o r w h ic h p a y m e n t
i s to b e m a d e .
H o w e v e r , in no c a s e s h a ll s h o r t p e r io d s ic k n e s s p a y m e n ts be
m a d e f o r that p o r t io n o f the a b s e n c e w h ich e x te n d s 1 fu ll d ay o r m o r e b e y o n d
7 c o n s e c u t iv e c a le n d a r d a y s .
( c ) C o n s id e r a t io n o f P a y m e n t F o r A b s e n c e B e y o n d 10 D a y s . — It is u n d e r ­
s to o d that c o n s id e r a t io n w ill be g iv e n to p a y m e n t f o r n e c e s s a r y in c id e n ta l s ic k n e s s
a b s e n c e b e y o n d 10 d a y s in a s e r v i c e y e a r , w h e r e the c ir c u m s t a n c e s w a r r a n t.
Im p o rta n t f a c t o r s in su ch c a s e s w o u ld b e the p a s t r e c o r d o f a tte n d a n ce and the
le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
(d )

A c o m p a n y - r e c o g n iz e d h o lid a y is c l a s s e d a s a d a y o f s ic k n e s s w h en :
(1) T h e h o lid a y f a l ls on a s c h e d u le d w o r k in g d ay on w h ic h the e m ­
p lo y e e is r e q u ir e d to w o r k and he i s a b s e n t b e c a u s e o f s ic k n e s s on
that d a y .
(2) T h e h o lid a y f a lls on a s c h e d u le d w o r k in g d ay on w h ich the e m ­
p lo y e e is not r e q u ir e d to w o r k and he is a b s e n t b e c a u s e o f s ic k n e s s
on the e n tir e a fte r n o o n o r s e s s i o n o f the s c h e d u le d w o r k in g d a y p r e ­
c e d in g and the e n tir e m o r n in g o r s e s s i o n o f the s c h e d u le d w o r k in g
d ay fo llo w in g the h o lid a y .

(e ) N o d e d u c tio n s h a ll be m a d e f r o m the s h o r t p e r io d s ic k n e s s a llo w a n c e
o f an e m p lo y e e f o r s ic k n e s s on a c o m p a n y - r e c o g n iz e d h o lid a y , t e m p o r a r y la y o ff,
e x c u s e d a b s e n c e , o r le a v e o f a b s e n c e d u r in g the y e a r ; but a ch a n ge s h a ll b e m a d e
in the s e r v i c e y e a r on w h ich it is c o m p u te d , in c a s e s w h e r e a ll o r p a rt o f the
a b s e n c e is n ot c r e d it e d .




29
F r o m the a g r e e m e n t b e tw e e n
T h e S ou th ern N ew E n g la n d T e le p h o n e C o .
and the C o n n e c tic u t U nion o f T e le p h o n e
W o r k e r s , In c . (in d . ) — C on tin u ed

G e n e r a l— a ll d e p a r tm e n ts

6 . 01

P a y m e n ts U n d er the E m p lo y e e s 1 B e n e fit P la n F o r E x te n d e d S ic k n e s s o r A c ­
c id e n t D is a b ilit y N ot A r i s i n g Out O f and In T h e C o u r s e o f E m p lo y m e n t .

P a y m e n ts f o r tim e o f f duty o c c a s i o n e d by p e r s o n a l s ic k n e s s o r a c c id e n t
n ot a r is in g out o f and in the c o u r s e o f e m p lo y m e n t b y the co m p a n y e x te n d in g
th ro u g h o u t 8 o r m o r e c o n s e c u t iv e c a le n d a r d a y s o f a b s e n c e o f e m p lo y e e s w ith
2 y e a r s o r m o r e o f n et c r e d it e d s e r v i c e sh a ll b e m a d e a s s p e c if ie d in the P la n
f o r E m p lo y e e s 1 P e n s io n s , D is a b ilit y B e n e fits , and D ea th B e n e fit s . Such p a y m e n ts
s h a ll b e m a d e a s o f the eigh th c a le n d a r day o f a b s e n c e a s f o llo w s :
(a )
If term
s e r v i c e — no p a y m e n ts .

of

e m p lo y m e n t h as b e e n l e s s than 2 y e a r s o f n et c r e d it e d

(b ) I f t e r m o f e m p lo y m e n t h as b e e n 2 but l e s s than 5 y e a r s
c r e d it e d s e r v i c e — fu ll pay 4 w e e k s , h a lf pay 9 w e e k s .
( c ) I f t e r m o f e m p lo y m e n t
c r e d it e d s e r v i c e — fu ll pay 13 w e e k s ,

h as b e e n 5 but l e s s than
h a lf pay 13 w e e k s .

(d) If t e r m o f e m p lo y m e n t h as b e e n 10 but l e s s
c r e d it e d s e r v i c e — fu ll pay 13 w e e k s , h a lf pay 39 w e e k s .

c r e d it e d

(e ) I f t e r m o f e m p lo y m e n t h as b e e n 15 but l e s s
s e r v i c e — fu ll pay 26 w e e k s , h a lf pay 26 w e e k s .

of

n et

10 y e a r s o f

n et

than 15 y e a r s o f n et

than

20 y e a r s o f n et

(f)
If t e r m o f e m p lo y m e n t h a s b e e n 20 but l e s s than 25 y e a r s o f n et
c r e d it e d s e r v i c e — fu ll pay 39 w e e k s , h a lf pay 13 w e e k s .
(g )
If t e r m
s e r v i c e — fu ll pay 52 w e e k s .




o f e m p lo y m e n t h as

b e e n 25 y e a r s o r m o r e

o f n et c r e d it e d

30
F r o m the a g r e e m e n t b e tw e e n
T h e D a yton P o w e r and L ig h t C o .
and U tility W o r k e r s U nion o f
A m e r i c a (A F L .-C IO )

A r t i c l e IX

P a y w h ile o f f duty b e c a u s e o f ill n e s s o r in ju r y

S e c tio n 1.
T h e p u r p o s e o f th is a r t i c l e sh a ll be to p r o v id e r e g u la r e m ­
p lo y e e s g r e a t e r e c o n o m i c s e c u r it y b y p r o v id in g w a g e a llo w a n c e s d u rin g th o s e
p e r io d s w hen s u ch e m p lo y e e s m a y be a b s e n t f r o m w o r k due to le g it im a t e p e r s o n a l
i l l n e s s o r in ju r y o r in d u s tr ia l i ll n e s s o r in ju r y . N o pay w ill be a llo w e d f o r the
f i r s t s c h e d u le d w o r k in g d ay o f any a b s e n c e due to p e r s o n a l (as d is tin g u is h e d f r o m
in d u s t r ia l) ill n e s s o r in ju r y e x c e p t that an e m p lo y e e w ith m o r e than 1 y e a r ’ s s e r v ­
i c e w h o h a s not had a l o s t d ay due to i ll n e s s d u rin g the p r e c e d in g 12 m o n th s p r i o r
to the day on w h ich an i ll n e s s o c c u r s w ill be p aid f o r the f i r s t d ay o f one illn e s s
p e r io d .
A n e m p lo y e e m a y a c c u m u la te up to 3 su ch d a y s o f ill n e s s p ay e n t it le ­
m e n ts at any one t im e . P a y w ill n ot be a llo w e d f o r any a b s e n c e due to p e r s o n a l
(a s d is tin g u is h e d f r o m in d u s t r ia l) i ll n e s s o r in ju r y :

1.

R e s u ltin g f r o m the e m p lo y e e ’ s ow n m is c o n d u c t , s u ch a s v io la t io n
o f la w , in t o x ic a t io n , v e n e r e a l d is e a s e , u se o f d r u g s , w illfu l s e lf in flic t e d in ju r i e s .

2.

S u sta in ed o r c o n t r a c t e d w h ile w o r k in g f o r an e m p lo y e r o th e r than
the co m p a n y e it h e r a s a c o n t r a c t o r o r an e m p lo y e e .

E m p lo y e e s w h o q u a lify w ill be p aid d u rin g su ch a b s e n c e s in a c c o r d a n c e
w ith the fo llo w in g :
A.

P e r s o n a l I l ln e s s o r In ju r y




Y e a r s o f S e n io r it y
6 m o n th s , l e s s than 1 y e a r —
1 y e a r , l e s s than 2 y e a r s
__ _____
2 y e a r s , l e s s than 3 y e a r s
_____
3 y e a r s , l e s s than 4 y e a r s
_____
4 y e a r s , l e s s than 5 y e a r s
_____
5 y e a r s , l e s s than 6 y e a r s __ _____
6 y e a r s , l e s s than 7 y e a r s __ — 7 y e a r s , l e s s than 8 y e a r s __ _____
8 y e a r s , l e s s than 9 y e a r s __ -------9 y e a r s , l e s s than 10 y e a r s ____ .
10 y e a r s , and o v e r
_____

W e e k s at
fu ll pay
(40 h r s . )

W e e k s at
h a lf pay
(20 h r s .)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
15

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
15

31
F r o m the a g r e e m e n t b e tw e e n
T h e D a yton P o w e r and L ig h t C o .
and U tility W o r k e r s U n ion o f
A m e r i c a (A F L - C I O ) — C on tin u ed

A.

P e r s o n a l I l ln e s s o r In ju r y — C o n tin u e d

T h e a b o v e m e n tio n e d s ic k p ay e n title m e n t s h a ll a p p ly fo r any c o n s e c u t iv e
12 m o n th s . E m p lo y e e s s h a ll n ot be e n title d to pay w h ile o f f duty b e c a u s e o f i l l ­
n e s s f o r lo n g e r p e r i o d s than that to w h ich th ey a r e e n title d u n d er the p r e c e d in g
ta b le in a n y c o n s e c u t iv e 12 m o n th s . A n y e m p lo y e e w h o e x h a u s ts h is e n tir e s ic k p a y e n title m e n t s h a ll not be e lig ib le to r e c e iv e fu r th e r s ic k pay un til a ft e r he h as
r e t u r n e d to r e g u la r f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y m e n t.

B.

In d u s tr ia l I lln e s s o r In ju ry

E m p lo y e e s , i r r e s p e c t i v e o f s e n io r it y , w h o a r e s u ffe r in g f r o m ill n e s s o r
in ju r y a ttrib u ta b le to c a u s e s a r is in g f r o m th e ir e m p lo y m e n t, s h a ll b e p aid the
d if fe r e n c e b e tw e e n the a m ou n t o f c o m p e n s a tio n s e t b y the In d u s tr ia l C o m m is s io n
o f O h io and th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly p ay f o r a m a x im u m o f 20 c o n s e c u ­
tiv e w e e k s ; e m p lo y e e s , w h o s e i ll n e s s o r in ju r y so i n c u r r e d in the c o u r s e o f e m ­
p lo y m e n t co n tin u e s b e y o n d 2 0 w e e k s , sh a ll be p aid o n e -h a lf the d if fe r e n c e b e tw e e n
the a m ou n t o f c o m p e n s a tio n s e t b y the In d u s tr ia l C o m m i s s i o n o f O h io and th e ir
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly pay f o r a s e c o n d p e r io d n ot to e x c e e d 20 w e e k s ;
th is e n title m e n t s h a ll a p p ly to any c o n s e c u t iv e 12 m o n th s b e g in n in g w ith the f i r s t
f u ll d ay o f a b s e n c e w h ic h is due to su ch in ju r y o r i l l n e s s .
E m p lo y e e s a b s e n t
b e c a u s e o f s u ch i ll n e s s o r in ju r y f o r lo n g e r than 12 c o n s e c u t iv e m o n th s sh a ll
n ot q u a lify f o r fu r th e r pay u n d er th is p r o v is io n u n til aftet* th ey h ave r e tu r n e d to
r e g u la r f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y m e n t, e x c e p t that th ey s h a ll b e p aid su ch a m o u n ts a s
m a y be due u n d er the In d u s tr ia l C o m p e n s a tio n L a w .

S e c tio n 2.
W age a llo w a n c e s f o r P a r t s A and B o f S e c tio n 1 s h a ll be
co m p u te d s e p a r a te ly and n e it h e r on e o f the tw o s h a ll be c h a r g e d a g a in st the a l ­
lo w a n c e o f the o th e r .

S e c tio n 3.
T h e c o m p a n y m a y r e q u ir e e m p lo y e e s c la im in g s ic k pay to
fu r n is h a c e r t i f i c a t e o f d is a b ilit y f r o m a r e p u ta b le p h y s ic ia n a n d /o r o th e r e v i ­
d e n c e s a t i s fa c t o r y to the c o m p a n y c o v e r in g e a c h a b s e n c e on s ic k p ay.

S e c tio n 4.
A n y e m p lo y e e s fou n d to h ave a b u s e d the pay e n title m e n t p r o ­
v id e d f o r in th is A r t i c l e IX th ro u g h fr a u d , m is r e p r e s e n t a t io n , o r f a l s i f ic a t i o n s h a ll
b e s u b je c t to d is c i p l i n a r y action *

S e c tio n 5.
S ick pay c o v e r i n g an a b s e n c e on a c c o u n t o f i l l n e s s , a s h e r e in
p r o v id e d f o r , s h a ll b e p aid at the ra te s p e c if ie d in A r t i c l e X IX .




32

F r o m the a g r e e m e n t b e tw e e n
John M o r r e l l and C o . and A m a lg a m a te d
M e a t C u tte r s and B u tc h e r W o r k m e n o f
N o r t h A m e r i c a ( A F L -C I O )

X X III

S ick L e a v e

R e g u la r f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s w ith m o r e than 1 y e a r o f co n tin u o u s s e r v ­
i c e , w h o a r e a b s e n t b e c a u s e th ey h ave b e c o m e d is a b le d to the e x te n t that th ey
a r e p h y s ic a lly u n able to w o r k , and w h en su ch d is a b ilit y is s u p p o r te d b y a c ­
c e p ta b le m e d ic a l e v id e n c e , s h a ll r e c e iv e p a r t -w a g e p a y m e n ts in a c c o r d a n c e w ith
the fo llo w in g plan:

(a)
W aitin g P e r i o d . — A n e m p lo y e e w h o h a s m o r e that 1 y e a r and l e s s
than 5 y e a r s o f co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e s h a ll have a w a itin g p e r io d o f 7 c o n s e c u t iv e
d a y s f o r e a c h s ic k le a v e p e r io d .
A n e m p lo y e e w h o h a s 5 y e a r s o r m o r e o f
co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e sh a ll h av e no w a itin g p e r io d .
(b)
A m ou n t o f P a y m e n t . — S ick le a v e p a y m e n ts f o r e a c h p e r io d o f d is a ­
b il it y s h a ll b e at the ra te o f 50 p e r c e n t o f w a g e s f o r the f i r s t c o m p e n s a b le w e e k
o f su ch p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y , 55 p e r c e n t o f w a g e s f o r the s e c o n d w e e k , 60 p e r c e n t
o f w a g e s f o r the th ird and fo u r th w e e k s , and 65 p e r c e n t o f w a g e s f o r the fifth
w e e k and a ll c o m p e n s a b le w e e k s f o r su ch p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y b e y o n d the fifth .
W h e re a b s e n c e is te r m in a te d d u rin g any c o m p e n s a b le w e e k e a c h d ay o f a b s e n c e
in su ch w eek sh a ll be c o m p e n s a te d on the b a s is o f o n e -f i ft h o f the a p p lic a b le ra te
o f p a y m en t f o r su ch w e e k .
N o m o r e than the w e e k ly b e n e fit w ill b e p aid f o r
7 c o n s e c u t iv e c a le n d a r d a y s o f a b s e n c e , o r l e s s . Su ch o n e -f ift h w e e k ly b e n e fits
w ill be paid o n ly f o r d a y s on w h ich the e m p lo y e e is s c h e d u le d to w o r k ; and, in
c o m p u tin g s ic k le a v e p a y m e n ts , a fu ll w e e k is c o n s id e r e d a s 7 c o n s e c u t iv e c a l ­
e n d a r d a y s c o m m e n c in g w ith the f ir s t d ay o f a b s e n c e on w h ich the e m p lo y e e is
s c h e d u le d to w o r k .
( c ) L en g th o f C o m p e n s a b le D i s a b il it y . — E m p lo y e e s q u a lify in g u n d er the
f o r e g o i n g sh a ll be e n title d to 2 w e e k s o f b e n e fits f o r e a c h y e a r co n tin u o u s
s e r v i c e c o m p le t e d b y the sta r t o f h is a b s e n c e , o r 13 w e e k s , w h ic h e v e r is
g r e a t e r , w h ich a m ou n t s h a ll be r e d u c e d by p a y m e n ts m a d e f o r o th e r a b s e n c e s
o c c u r r i n g d u rin g the 12 m o n th s im m e d ia t e ly p r e c e d in g the s ta r tin g d ate o f the
cu rren t a b sen ce.
(d) P r e g n a n c y . — In c a s e s o f n o r m a l d is a b ilit y due to p r e g n a n c y , s ic k
le a v e p a y m e n ts w ill be lim it e d to a m a x im u m o f 8 w e e k s . I l ln e s s e s a r is in g out
o f p r e g n a n c y sh a ll be t r e a te d on the s a m e b a s is a s an y o th e r i ll n e s s .
(e )
W o r k m e n ^ C o m p e n s a t io n . — E m p lo y e e s w h o a r e p aid w ork m en * s c o m ­
p e n s a tio n and a r e e n title d to s ic k le a v e w ill o n ly be p a id the d if fe r e n c e b e tw e e n
w ork m en * s c o m p e n s a tio n and s ic k le a v e f o r the n u m b e r o f w e e k s that the e m ­
p lo y e e is e n title d to s ic k l e a v e ; th is in c lu d e s the w a itin g p e r io d .
T h e a m o u n ts
s o p aid w ill not be c h a r g e d a g a in s t the e m p lo y e e * s s ic k le a v e a c c o u n t.




33

F r o m the a g r e e m e n t b e t w e e n
John M o r r e ll and C o . and A m a lg a m a t e d
M ea t C u tte rs and B u tch e r W o rk m e n o f
N o r t h A m e r i c a (A F L .-C IO )— C on tin u ed

to

the

(f)
fo llo w in g

O ther R e g u la tio n s . — The p aym en t o f
re g u la tio n s .
S ic k l e a v e w i ll n ot b e p a id :

sick

(l)
W here
e m p lo y e e ^

s ic k n e s s o r a c c id e n t is ca u s e d b y, o r
ow n m is c o n d u c t o r g r o s s n e g lig e n ce .

(2)

To

an

e m p loyee

(3)

To

em p loyees

fo r

d u rin g

such

tim e

as

he

le a v e w ill a ls o

is

re ce iv e s

the

re su lt

v a ca tion

be

o f,

pay.

strik e.

(4 ) T o e m p l o y e e s w h o d r a w b e n e f i t s f o r p e r m a n e n t
b ility , o r w ho a r e r e tir e d on c o m p a n y p e n sio n .

and

total

d is a ­

(5) D u r i n g d i s a b i l i t i e s a r i s i n g o u t o f e m p l o y m e n t f o r w a g e s , o r o t h e r
v a l u a b l e c o n s i d e r a t i o n s , in l i e u o f w a g e s , f o r a n o t h e r e m p l o y e r .

T h e r u l e s w it h r e s p e c t to the d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f l e n g t h o f s e r v i c e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s , n o t i f i c a t i o n to the c o m p a n y , th e f u r n i s h i n g o f m e d i c a l e v i d e n c e , a n d the
p a y m e n t o f s i c k l e a v e b e n e f i t s in c o n n e c t i o n w i t h p e r i o d s o f l a y o f f ,
sh a ll be d e ­
te rm in e d by lo c a l p ra ctice or a g re e m e n t.




s u b je ct

34
F r o m the a g r e e m e n t b e t w e e n
R o h r A ir c r a f t C o r p o r a t io n , and
In tern a tion a l A s s o c ia t io n o f
M a ch in ists (A F L -C IO )

S e ctio n

S ick

15

Leave

1 5 .0 1
E a c h e m p l o y e e w h o , a f t e r th e s i g n i n g o f t h i s a g r e e m e n t , c o m p l e t e s
1 y e a r o f c o n tin u o u s s e r v i c e f r o m h is la s t date o f h ir e t h e r e a f t e r s h a ll b e c r e d i t e d
w ith 1 day o f s ic k le a v e .
1 5 .0 2
E a c h e m p l o y e e w h o , a f t e r th e s i g n i n g o f t h i s a g r e e m e n t , c o m p l e t e s
2 y e a r s o f c o n tin u o u s s e r v i c e f r o m h is la s t date o f h ir e t h e r e a f t e r s h a ll b e c r e d ­
ite d w ith 2 d a y s o f s ic k le a v e .
1 5 .0 3
E a c h e m p l o y e e w h o , a f t e r th e s i g n i n g o f t h i s a g r e e m e n t , c o m p l e t e s
3 y e a r s o f co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e f r o m h is la s t date o f h ir e t h e r e a f t e r s h a ll b e c r e d ­
ite d w ith 3 d a y s o f s ic k le a v e .
15. 04 E a c h e m p l o y e e w h o , a f t e r th e s i g n i n g o f t h i s a g r e e m e n t , c o m p l e t e s
4 y e a r s o f co n tin u o u s s e r v i c e f r o m h is la s t date o f h ir e t h e r e a ft e r sh a ll be c r e d ­
ite d w ith 4 d a y s o f s ic k le a v e .
1 5 . 05 E a c h e m p l o y e e w h o , a f t e r t h e s i g n i n g o f t h i s a g r e e m e n t , c o m p l e t e s
5 y e a r s o f c o n tin u o u s s e r v i c e f r o m h is la s t date o f h ir e t h e r e a f t e r s h a ll b e c r e d ­
ite d w ith 5 d a y s o f s ic k le a v e ,
an d e a c h a n n iv e r s a r y date t h e r e a ft e r .
1 5 . 06 A l l e l i g i b l e e m p l o y e e s s h a l l r e c e i v e p a y m e n t f o r t h e i r c r e d i t e d
s ic k le a v e at t h e ir r e g u l a r r a te o f p a y 8 h o u r s p e r d a y , e x c e p t f o r th ir d sh ift e m ­
p l o y e e s w h o s h a ll r e c e i v e 8 h o u r s p a y f o r 6 Y 2 h o u r s w o r k e d at t h e ir r e g u l a r r a t e .
1 5 .0 7
E a c h e m p l o y e e w h o d o e s n o t u s e h i s s i c k l e a v e w i t h i n 12 m o n t h s
a f t e r it is c r e d i t e d s h a ll r e c e i v e p a y m e n t f o r h is s i c k l e a v e f o r e a c h d a y o f s i c k
l e a v e n o t u s e d . A n e m p l o y e e w h o l e a v e s the e m p l o y o f the c o m p a n y w i l l b e p a id
a t the t i m e h e is t e r m in a t e d f o r a n y u n u s e d c r e d i t e d s i c k le a v e .
15. 08
T h i s s i c k l e a v e s h a l l b e u s e d f o r the p u r p o s e o f r e i m b u r s i n g the
e m p l o y e e s f o r a b s e n c e due to i l l n e s s .
A n e m p lo y e e re tu rn in g fr o m s ick le a v e
m u s t m a k e a w r i t t e n r e q u e s t f o r s i c k l e a v e p a y m e n t o n the d a y h e r e t u r n s to
w o r k and su ch w o r k d a y s p a y a b le
s h a ll o n l y b e t h o s e i m m e d i a t e l y p r e c e d i n g the
d a y on w h ich su ch e m p lo y e e r e tu r n e d to w o r k .
1 5 .0 9
E m p lo y e e s w ill n ot a c c r u e s ic k le a v e fo r e a c h m a jo r p o r tio n o f
a m o n t h (a m a j o r p o r t i o n o f a m o n t h , c o m p u t e d f r o m t h e a n n i v e r s a r y d a t e , s h a l l
b e e q u i v a l e n t t o 13 r e g u l a r l y s c h e d u l e d w o r k d a y s ) , w h i l e s u c h e m p l o y e e s a r e o u t
on r e c a ll , o r w h ile on a u th o r iz e d o r u n a u th o rize d le a v e s o f a b s e n c e . H o w e v e r ,
no e m p lo y e e sh a ll be c r e d it e d w ith s ic k le a v e fo r any fr a c t io n a l p a rt o f a y e a r
o f co n tin u o u s s e r v ic e .




35
F r o m the a g r e e m e n t b e t w e e n
F o o d E m p lo y e r s C o u n cil, In c. and
Independent R e ta il O p e r a to r s , and
R e ta il C le r k s In tern a tion a l
A s s o c ia tio n (A F L -C IO )

A rticle

S ick

XV

Leave

A.
E l i g i b i l i t y . — A l l e m p l o y e e s c o v e r e d b y th is a g r e e m e n t w h o h a v e b e e n
c o n tin u o u s ly e m p lo y e d b y th e ir e m p l o y e r f o r a p e r io d o f at le a s t 1 y e a r sh a ll be
e n t i t l e d t o 12 h a l f d a y s 1 s i c k l e a v e w i t h p a y p e r y e a r .

B.
A c c r u a l . — S ick le a v e sh a ll be
p l o y e e ^ f i r s t a n n i v e r s a r y date o f e m p l o y m
o f th is a g r e e m e n t , u n u sed s ic k le a v e fr o m
a c c u r e f r o m y e a r to y e a r , not to e x c e e d

c u m u l a t i v e a n d b e g i n n i n g w i t h the e m ­
e n t f o l l o w i n g the 1957 a n n i v e r s a r y d a te
the p r e v i o u s y e a r o f e m p l o y m e n t s h a l l
a m a x im u m o f 60 h a lf d a y s .

Co
P a y m e n t o— A d o c t o r * s c e r t i f i c a t e o r o t h e r a u t h o r i t a t i v e v e r i f i c a t i o n
o f i l l n e s s m a y b e r e q u i r e d b y the e m p l o y e r .
S a id s i c k l e a v e i s to c o m m e n c e
a f t e r the s e c o n d w o r k d a y * s a b s e n c e due to s i c k n e s s o t in ju r y , a n d s h a ll b e p a id
f o r a ll f u l l - t i m e c l e r k s , p a r t - t i m e c l e r k s , a n d b o x b o y s , at the r a te o f o n e - h a l f
d a y ’ s p a y u n til s u c h s i c k b e n e f i t a l l o w a n c e i s u s e d up.

D.
H a lf P a y D e f i n e d . — F o r the p u r p o s e o f t h is p a r a g r a p h , h a l f p a y s h a ll
m e a n 4 h o u r s * p a y at the e m p l o y e e ’ s r e g u l a r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r a t e f o r t h o s e d a y s
w h i c h the e m p l o y e e w o u l d h a v e w o r k e d , h a d th e d i s a b i l i t y n o t o c c u r r e d , c a l c u l a t e d
at stra ig h t tim e . T he w a itin g p e r io d h e r e in p r o v id e d , b e fo r e h a lf pay c o m m e n c e s ,
s h a ll a p p ly f o r e a c h i l l n e s s , in c a s e th e s i c k b e n e f i t a l l o w a n c e h a s n o t b e e n u s e d
up in p r e v i o u s i l l n e s s e s .

E 0 P r o R a t a . — S ic k le a v e sh a ll be p a id to p a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s , in c l u d ­
in g b o x b o y s , on the b a s i s s e t f o r t h a b o v e on a p r o r a ta o f t o t a l h o u r s w o r k e d
d u r i n g the y e a r p r e c e d i n g the a n n i v e r s a r y d a te a s a r a t i o to 2 , 080 h o u r s , bu t
ca n a c c u m u la t e o n ly fo r a m a x im u m o f 5 y e a r s .

F.




N o t C o n v e r t i b l e .— S ick

le a v e

b e n e fits

are

not

co n v e rtib le

to

cash.

U . S. G O V E R N M E N T P R I N T I N G O F F I C E : I 9 6 0 0 — 577203




Recent BLS Industrial Relations Studies
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