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Occupational Wage Survey
SPOKANE, WASHINGTON
JUNE 1 9 6 5

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C la g u e, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SPOKANE, WASHINGTON




JUNE 1965

Bulletin No. 1430-79
July 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
W . Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF La b o r s t a t is t ic s
Ewan Clagua, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




P refa ce

C ontents
P age

The B u reau o f L a b or S ta tistic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o ccu p a tio n a l w age su r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sign ed to p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r each
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
United S ta tes.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is
the n eed fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into ( 1 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g es
b y o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and ( 2 ) the s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l o f w ag es am ong a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .

In trod u ction ____________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

B.

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — en and w o m e n __________________________
m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n ________________
m
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m en and w om en c o m b in e d ______________
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and pow erp lan t o c cu p a tio n s
A -5 . C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s _____________

3

3

5
6

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s _____
B -2 . Shift d i f f e r e n t ia ls ______________________________________________
B -3 . S ch edu led w e e k ly h o u r s _______________________________________
B -4 . P aid h o lid a y s ___________________________________________________
B -5 . P aid v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________________
B - 6 . H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p en sion p la n s________________________
B -7 . P aid s ic k l e a v e ________________________________________________

12
13
15
16

B -8.

P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ______________________________________________

17

A pp endixe s :
A. C hanges in o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t i o n s _______________________________
B. O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s ____________________________________________

19

E ig h ty -tw o a re a s c u r r e n tly are in clu d ed in the
p r o g r a m . In form a tion on o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d
annually in ea ch a rea . In form a tion on e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s is obtain ed b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .




E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m ber stu d ied ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rly
ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and p e r ce n ts o f
change f o r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s ________________________________________

r - 00 o

At the end o f each s u r v e y , an in d iv id u al a r e a b u l­
letin p r e s e n ts su r v e y r e s u lts fo r ea ch a r e a studied.
A fte r
c o m p le t io n o f all o f the in div id u al a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a
round o f s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m a ry b u lletin is is s u e d .
The f i r s t p a rt b r in g s data fo r ea ch o f the m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s studied into one b u lletin . The se co n d part p r e s e n ts
in fo rm a tio n w hich has b een p r o je c te d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e t ­
r o p o lita n a r e a data to re la te to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the
United States.

T h is b u lletin p r e se n ts r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y in
Spokane, W a sh ., in June 1965.
It w as p r e p a r e d in the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in San F r a n c is c o , b y R and all L.
T a lb ot, u n der the d ir e c tio n o f W illia m P. O 'C o n n o r.
The
study w as u nder the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f John L. Dana,
A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r W a ges and In d u stria l
R e la tio n s .

1

4

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r ta bu la tion s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(S ee in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls in
the Spokane a r e a , a re a lso a v a ila b le fo r bu ildin g c o n ­
stru c tio n , p rin tin g , lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and
m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

10
11
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18




Occupational Wage Survey—Spokane, Wash.
In trod u ction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 in w h ich the U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L a b or*s
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
and r e la te d w ag e b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , data
w e r e ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u rea u f ie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p ­
r e s e n ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M anu­
fa c tu r in g ; tr a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ies a r e
g ov e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m itted b e c a u s e th ey tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a rra n t in c lu s io n .
S ep a ra te tabu la tion s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t pu b­
lic a t io n c r it e r i a .

s c h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich s tr a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e pa id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e se o c cu p a tio n s have
b een rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s .
In d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b staffin g and,
th u s, co n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s f o r ea ch jo b .
The pay
re la tio n s h ip ob ta in a b le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t a c c u r a t e ly
the w a g e sp re a d o r d iffe r e n tia l m a in ta in ed am ong jo b s in in dividu al
e sta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en
and w om en in any o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s sh ou ld not be a s su m e d to
r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay tre a tm e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u al e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts . O th er p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w h ich m a y con trib u te to d if f e r ­
e n ce s in pay f o r m en and w om en in clu d e : D iffe r e n c e s in p r o g r e s s io n
w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s , s in c e on ly the a ctu a l ra te s paid in ­
cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d ,
although the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifi e d w ithin the sa m e
s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s
in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u se d in
in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts in the s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e se su r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
obtain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f sm a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied . In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as re la tin g to a ll esta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x ce p t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a ctu a lly
s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am ong e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t obtain ed fr o m
the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te the r e la tiv e
im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l
s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the ea rn in g s data.

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in gs
T h e o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s : ( 1 ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in ten a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a cco u n t o f in te r e sta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in ap pen dix B .
E a rn in g s data f o r so m e o f
the o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r ( l ) em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n is to o s m a ll
to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r ( 2 ) th e r e is p o s s i ­
b ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u al esta b lis h m e n t data.

E s ta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c t e d
e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s as they
r e la te to o f f ic e and plant w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s w ho
a r e u tiliz e d a s a se p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d . " O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s .
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w ork in g f o r e ­
m en and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and tr a in e e s )
en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s . C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a r e
e x clu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d e d in n on m a n u fa ctu r­
in g in d u s tr ie s .

O ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t and e a rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in the g iv en o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ift s .
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o r k




M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s (ta b le B - l ) r e la te on ly to the e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts v is it e d . T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f e sta b lish m en ts
w ith fo r m a l m in im u m e n tr a n ce s a la r y p o l i c i e s .

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Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta b le B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in
te r m s o f ( 1 ) e sta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 1 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f to ta l plant
w o r k e r e m p loy m en t, and ( 2 ) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f
w o r k e r s a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In e sta b lis h m e n ts h aving v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount
ap plyin g to a m a jo r it y w as u sed o r , if no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r it y ,
the c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w as u sed . In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e
la t e -s h ift h o u rs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly if it ap p lied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u r s.
The sch e d u le d w eek ly h o u rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a r e tabu lated as ap plyin g to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lis h m e n t. P aid h o lid a y s ;
paid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth, in su r a n ce , and p e n sio n p la n s ; and p r o fit -s h a r in g
plan s (ta b le s B - 4 th rou gh B - 8 ) a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th ese a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r ity
o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c ­
t ic e s lis te d . Sum s o f in d iv id u al ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th rou gh B - 8 m ay
not equ al tota ls b e c a u s e o f rounding.
D ata on paid h olid a y s (ta ble B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on
h o lid a y s gra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v id e d
f o r in w ritten fo r m , o r (2) h ave b een e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m . H olid a y s
o r d in a r ily gra n ted a r e in clu d ed ev en though they m a y fa ll on a n on ­
w ork d a y, even i f the w o r k e r is not g ra n ted an oth er day o ff. The f ir s t
p a rt o f the paid h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m b er o f w h ole and h a lf
h o lid a y s a ctu a lly gra n ted . The s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf
h o lid a y s to sh ow to ta l h olid a y t im e .
The su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plan s (ta ble B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o li c ie s , e x clu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h ereb y tim e o ff
w ith pay is gra n ted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te
e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g
v a c a tio n p a ym en ts, su ch as tim e p a ym en ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s,
o r fla t-s u m a m ou n ts.
H ow ev er, in the ta bu la tion s o f v a c a tio n pay,
pa ym en ts n ot on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r
e x a m p le, a pa ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d
as the eq u iv a len t o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d th rou gh a u nion fund o r paid d ir e c t ly by
the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e
fo r this p u r p o s e .
D eath b e n e fits a r e in clu d e d as a fo r m o f life
in s u r a n ce .
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f
in s u r a n ce u n der w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a ym en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plans to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H ow ev er, in N^w Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ich
h ave en a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s , 2 plans a r e in clu d ed on ly if the e m p lo y e r ( 1 ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r ( 2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ire m e n ts o f the law . T ab u lation s
o f paid s ic k le a v e plan s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pay d u rin g a b s e n ce fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep a ra te ta bu la tion s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
( 1 ) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p e r io d , and ( 2 ) plans
w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d dition
to the p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce o r paid s ic k le a v e , an u ndu plicated
to ta l is show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p es o f b e n e fits .
C a ta stro p h e in s u r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as exten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d e s th ose plans w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s beyon d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n ce r e f e r s to plan s p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a rtia l
p a ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s .
Such plan s m a y b e u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y
be s e lf-in s u r e d . T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plans a r e lim ite d
to th o se p la n s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a y m en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll health, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n
plan s (ta b le s B - 6 and B -7 ) fo r w hich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is
b o r n e by the e m p lo y e r , ex ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su ch as
w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such p la n s in clu d e th ose u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n ce

P r o fit -s h a r in g plans (ta b le B - 8 ) a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans
w ith d e fin ite fo r m u la s f o r com p u tin g p r o fit s h a r e s to be d is tr ib u te d
am ong e m p lo y e e s and w h ose fo r m u la s w e r e c o m m u n ica te d to e m ­
p lo y e e s in a d va n ce o f the d e te rm in a tio n o f p r o fit s . D ata are p re se n te d
a c c o r d in g to p r o v is io n s fo r d is tr ib u tin g p r o fit s h a r e s to e m p lo y e e s :
( l ) C u rre n t o r c a s h d is tr ib u tio n o f p r o fit sh a r e s w ithin a sh o rt p e r io d
a fte r d e te rm in a tio n o f p r o fit s ; ( 2 ) d e fe r r e d d is tr ib u tio n o f p r o fit sh a r e s
a fte r a s p e c ifie d n u m b er o f y e a r s o r at r e tir e m e n t; (3) c o m b in a tio n
c u r r e n t and d e fe r r e d p la n s ; and (4) e le c t iv e d is tr ib u tio n plans, under
w h ich ea ch p a rticip a n t is r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t w h eth er to take his sh a re
o f the c u r r e n t y e a r 's p r o fit in ca sh , h ave it d e fe r r e d , o r p a rt in ca sh
and p a rt d e fe r r e d .

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number o f days of sick leave available to each em ployee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

T a b le

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in S p o k a n e , W a s h .,

A ll d iv is io n s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J u n e 1965
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

W ith in
scope of
stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T o t a l4

O ffice

P la n t

T o ta l4

129

63

23, 900

3 ,6 0 0

1 6 ,0 0 0

1 6 ,9 9 0

"

37
92

21
42

8, 600
15, 3 00

600
3, 0 00

6, 600
9, 4 0 0

7, 100
9, 8 9 0

50
50
50
50
50

23
13
31
11
14

11
6
11
7
7

800

3, 3 0 0

4, 630
680
2, 2 40
1, 190
1, 150

_

M a n u fa c t u r in g
_ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
R e t a il t r a d e

50

S e r v ic e s 8

5,
1,
5,
1,
1,

700
200
200
500
700

0

(6 )

( )
( 6)
( 6)

( 6)
( 7)
( 6)

1
T h e S p o k a n e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f S p o k a n e C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s
f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d ,
a n d (2^ s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l lo w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s
n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n iz a t io n s ) ; and
e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




T a b le 2.

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J u n e 1965 a n d M a y 1 9 6 4 , a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e 1 f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s

Ind( i x e s
( M a y 1 ‘? 6 l* 1 00 )
I n d u s t r y a n d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p
Ju n e 1965

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) .......... - .. ___
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ___ ______
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n )

M a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n )
I n d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m en )
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n )

__

112.2

M a y 1964

P e r c e n t s of ch a n g e 1
M a y 1964
to
Ju n e 1965

M a y 1963
to
M ay 1964

1 0 9 .3
(2)
1 0 8 .8
1 0 9 .9

2.6

2.6

(2)
1 1 3 .4
1 1 3 .3

(2)
4 .2
3 .1

(2)
2 .4

2.1

(2)
(2)
1 1 3 .2
1 0 8 .6

(2)
(2)
1 0 8 .2
1 0 5 .0

(2 )
(2)
4 .6
3 .5

(2)
(2)
1.7
1 .5

M a y 1962
to
M a y 1963

3 .8
(2)

M a y 196 1
to
M a y 1962

2.6

2.2
2.1

(2)
3 .9
5 .5

(2 )
(2)

(2 )
(2)
4 .1
3 .9

2.2
3 —4
,

U n le s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a t e d , a l l c h a n g e s a r e i n c r e a s e s .
D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l ic a t i o n c r i t e r i a .
T h is d e c l i n e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s e m p l o y e e t u r n o v e r w it h in a n d b e t w e e n h i g h - a n d lo w - w a g e e s t a b l is h m e n t s r a t h e r th a n w a g e d e c r e a s e s .

4

W a g e T rends fo r Selected O ccu p ation al G roup s
P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d ex es and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
ce n ta g e s o f change r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the stan dard w o r k s ch e d u le fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y fo r
o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u p a tio n s and in ­
clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p .
The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on m e n and w o m e n in the fo llo w in g
19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g ,
c la s s A and B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s A , B , and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s ,
p a y r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e b o y s and g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and ty p is t s , c la s s A and B . T h e in d u s tr ia l n u r s e data a r e
b a s e d on m en and w o m e n in d u str ia l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 2 u n s k ille d jo b s a r e in clu d e d in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; p a in te r s ; p ip e fitte r s ; and t o o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a t e r ia l han dlin g.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e r e
com p u ted fo r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y e m p lo y m e n t in e a c h o f
the jo b s d u rin g the p e r io d su r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w e ig h te d e a rn in g s




fo r in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to ob ta in an a g g re g a te fo r
ea ch o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ce n ta g e )
o f the g rou p a g g r e g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the oth er
y e a r w a s com p u te d and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e r c e n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r.
The
in d ex es w e r e com p u te d by m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s fo r ea ch grou p
a g g re g a te fo r e a ch p e r io d a fte r the b a se y e a r (1 9 6 1 ).
T he in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w ag e ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er
in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e
jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to ch a n g es in the la b o r fo r c e
r e s u ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by esta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r fo r c e can ca u se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu a l
w a g e c h a n g e s.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m igh t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c cu p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ou ld h ave the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld ca u se the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no ch a n ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
T h e u se o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s t h e e f f e c t
of ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e f le c t on ly ch a n ges in
a v e r a g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s.
T h ey a r e not in flu e n ce d by
ch a n g es in stan d ard w o r k s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r by p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .

5
A. O ccupational E arnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , Spokane, W ash. , June 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

S

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

S

%

$

S

$

*

*

MEN

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

65

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

60

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

over

-

-

“

“

-

4
4

3
3

-

1

5
3
3

1
1
1

13
11
11

-

-

3

-

-

an d
under

£

and

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------

$

$

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 6 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 -

9 4 .0 0

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------NUNMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES3--------------

$

9 6 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0

~

1

“

7 4 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

7 1 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

6 2 . 5 0 - 8 9 .0 0
6 2 . 0 0 - 7 7 .0 0

6
6

4

6

4

6

2
2

1
1

2

7

5

19
15

4
4

10
1 0

L 3 1 . 50
1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

-

“

10

5

6
6

4
1

-

5

1

2

-

“

-

3

-

3
3

-

-

1

-

-

-

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE I ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

4 0 .0
40. 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------

7 6 .5 0 - 8 3 .0 0

-

3
1

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

68.00
68.00

6 7 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

6 1 .0 0 - 7 5 .5 0
6 0 . 0 0 - 7 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------NJNMANU FAC T U R I N G ----------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

9 9 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

9 1 .0 0 8 4 .0 0 -

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

1
1

5
5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 2 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

8 3 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

6 9 . 5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 1 0 1 .0 0
6 8 .0 0 - 8 7 .5 0

17
15

9
9

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

3 9 .0

59 . 00

5 9 .5 0

5 6 . 0 0 - 6 3 .0 0

3 9 .0

5 9 .0 0

5 9 .5 0

36. 00-

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------

2

4

6

16

2

4
1

7

-

6

8

14

11

1

1
5

1

—
—
2
1

4

6

16

—
—

—

10
-

8

10
1

5

-

5

2

—

—
—

—
—

1

—
—

1
3
—
2

-

-

2
—

—
—

-

1

4

-

4

2

—

—

—

6 3 .0 0

1

22

6
4

2

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

9 5 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

7 5 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0 1 0 1 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

6 9 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 5 . 5 0 - 7 4 .5 0
6 5 . 5 0 - 7 6 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 -

—
5
—

4
-

7 6 . 0 0 - 7 9 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------

—
-

24

12

1 1 8 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------

27
25

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

7 2 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

6 9 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

22
22

4 0 .0
40. 0

6 9 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

5 7 .5 0
5 7 .5 0

5 2 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
5 2 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

123
39
84

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 4 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

9 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

72

62

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 5 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

7 3 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S3--------------

59
55
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 9 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
0 5 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 3

1

1
4
4

4

2
1
1

2

—
—

—
3

-

12
10

3

4
5

1

2

1

-

1
-

—

1

—
—

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

—
—

-

-

-

—

-

-

—

17

3

—
-

6 2 . 5 0 - 7 5 .0 0
6 2 . 0 0 - 8 2 .5 0

OFFICE G I R L S -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

9
9

2

2
3

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




11
11

8 1 . 0 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
6 9 .5 0 - 8 3 .0 0
6 9 .5 0 - 8 4 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 8 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 1 0 8 .0 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

3

4
4

2
2

1

4

11

14

20

14

2

3

11

14

18

12

11

24
18

10
9

7
7

1

10

7
7

2
2

-

-

-

3

-

4
3

3

2

i

2

-

1

-

-

22

2

5

-

22

2

-

-

-

-

-

9
3

3
6

3

3

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

13

1
11 1

3
2

-

3

3
14
14
14

22

2

2

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , Spokane, W ash. , June 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly ea rn in g s of$

$

$

%

w° * “

weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

$

$

$

$

*

»

s

$

$

$

$

$

I

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

1 20

1 25

130

135

140

55

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

HO

115

120

125

130

135

140

over

2
2

5
5

6
6

6

3
3

7
7

1
1

2
2

-

6

7
7

1
i

-

9
8

12

10
8

2

1

2

2

-

-

-

7
7

-

1

60
Mean2

Median2

and
u n d er

Middle range 2

and

WOMEN - CONTINUED
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS* CLASS B 4---NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

40
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
7 4 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

$
7 2 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

$
$
6 2 .5 0 - 8 7 -0 0
6 2 .5 0 - 8 7 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD QPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNUNMANUFACTURING -----------------

46
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

6 b . 00

-

6 4 .5 0

6 1 .0 0 - 8 3 .0 0
6 0 . 0 0 - 7 0 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------NONMANUFACTUKING -----------------

20
17

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 1 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

8 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

7 4 . 5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

75

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 2 .0 0
6 5 .5 0

67.00

62

6 4 .0 0

6 1 .0 0 - 8 0 .5 0
6 0 . 5 0 - 7 4 .0 0

5
5

-

-

-

“

9
9

21
21

-

-

b
6

7
5

9
9

3
3

5
5

2
2

7

_

2
2

6

c

_

~

-

?

-

2

-

2
2

1

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

1 S tandard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is co m p u te d f o r e a ch jo b b y totalin g the ea rn in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e
m o r e than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te show n. T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th e se r a t e s and a fou rth
ea rn m o r e than the h ig h er ra te .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is o c c u p a t io n has b e e n r e v is e d s in c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a . S ee appen dix A .




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , S pok ane, W ash. , June 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

*

*

*

hours.

44
38

■ *
P
O O
o o

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B 3
-----------------l aiuuc attiid rAir
i
nAnur av *i urva wo

105
Mean2

Median 2

*

*

i

i

$

t

$

$

$

110

115

1 20

1 25

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

110

O ccu p a tio n

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

1 65

1 5 4 .5 0 3
1 5 5 .0 0 3

2
2

3
2

2
1

18

2
2

Middle range 2

$
$
$
$
1 4 2 . 0 0 1 5 1 .0 0 1 2 4 . 0 0 1 4 5 . 5 0 1 5 2 .0 0 1 3 7 . 0 0 -

and
und er

4
-

1
1

2
2

-

1
1

18

6
6

1 Standard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k ly
7
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e footn ote 2, ta ble A - l .
D e s c r ip t io n f o r this occ u p a tio n has b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la s t su r v e y in this a r e a . S ee a p pen dix A .

7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Spokane, Wash., June 1965)
A verage

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
W eekly

A verage

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard'

W eekly
earnings ^
(standard)

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------

15

40.0

67
56

40.0
40.0

68.00
68.00

CLERKS, ACCUUNTING, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 1-------------------------------2

89
22
67
27

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

106.00
112.00
104.50
120.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8 ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 --------------------------------

106
25
81
17

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

84.00
96.00
80. 00
94.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ------------------------------NJNHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

16
16

39.0
39.0

59.00
59.00

40.0
40.0

$
87.00
85.00

38
27

40.0
40.0

91.50
92.00

57
40

40.0
40.0

71.00
71.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A

34

40.0 101.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING --------

27
25

39.0
38.5

72.50
72.50

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS---------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

30
27

39.5
39.5

72.00
69.50

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

124
39
85

78.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 3 ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

52
45

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS —
NUNMANUFACTURING ---

40.0
40.0

CLERKS, OROE R -----NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS, PAYROLL -------NONMANUFACTURING ---

33
29

$
76.00
72.50

Occupation and industry division

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$
75.50
76.50

39.5 95.00
40.0 114.00
39.5 86.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

72
62

39.5
39.5

STENOGRAPHERS, S E N I O R --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 --------------------------------

60
56
41

40.0 99.50
40.0 98.00
40.0 105.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B 3--------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

40
40

40.0
40.0

74.00
74.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEP TIONISTSNONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

46
32

40.0
40.0

74.00
73.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

21
18

39.5
39.5

92.00
88.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

75
62

39.5
39.5

72.00
65.50

45
38

40.0 141.50
40.0 145.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B 3--------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

1 Standard hours reflect the wo rk we ek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




W eekly
hours 1
(standard]

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ---------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------

A verage
Number
of
workers

8

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for m e n in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Spokane, Wash., June 1965)
Hourly earn in gs 1

Occupation and industry division

workers

Mean2 M e d ia n 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

*
i
S
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
S
S
$
$
$
>.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10
U n d e r 2 *60 2.70 2. 80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3.20 2
M iddle ra n ge2 *
and
and
2.60 under
i.30 2
2.70 2.80 2. 90 3.00 3.10 3. 20 j
>.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE --MANUFACTURING -----------

46
33

$
3.48
3.37

$
3.38
3.36

$
$
3 . 33 - 3.49
3. 32 - 3.40

1
1

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING -----------

163
143

3.57
3.53

3.54
3.54

3.50- 3.58
3. 50 - 3.57

1
1

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY --MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING --------

66
45
21

3.19
3. 36
2.84

3.32
3.35
2.77

3.04- 3.37
3.31- 3.38
2.72- 3.05

-

FIREMEN. STATIONARY BOILER

19

2.73

2.69

2.48- 2.95

36

MACHINISTS. MAINTENANCE --MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------

97
90

3.56
3. 54

3.54
3.54

3.51- 3.57
3.51- 3.57

2
2

1

2
2

177
43

3.34
3.34

3.35
3.37

3.32 - 3.38
3.33 - 3.42

232
222

3.46
3.44

3.45
3.45

3.42- 3.48
3. 42 - 3.47

2.82
2.82

2.92
2.92

2.70- 2.96
2.70- 2.96

2
2

28

3.33

3.27

1
-

2
2

24
23

7
7

-

-

2
-

-

7
-

_

5
3

_
-

-

5
3

8
8

15
15

Ill
111

-

“

_

-

-

“

2
2
-

5
1
4

4
4
-

34
33
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

1
1

-

7
4

8
8

75
75

-

-

_

~

~

~

2
“

12
12

-

1

-

-

1

-

_

_

~

~

~

_

_

_

PAINTERS. MAINTENANCE

_

8
8

_

_

4
4

Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
All workers were at $2.40 to $2.50.

-

4
4

3
2
-

_

-

1
16
-

8

_

1

3.23- 3.30

MANUFACTURING -----

over

-

-

-

5
5
-

-

-

-

_

3
3

38
38

“

“

4

7

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -------

-

_

3

-

4.10

-

-

3

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------MANUFACTURING ---

-

o
o




Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

-

147
29

17
12

2
2

6
6

207
207

_

_

~

-

3
-

-

-

-

2

2

2

2
~

_

_
~
_

~

-

24
24
22

_

8
“

2

-

—
_

9
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , Spokane, W ashington, June 1965)
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 2

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

U n d e r 1 * 50
Mean 3

Median 3

Middle range3

*

1 .5 0

38

$
2 .6 8

$
2 .9 2

$
$
2 . 3 8 - 2 .9 6

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING -------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S5---------------

226
74
1 52
34

2 .0 8
2 .6 1
1 .8 2
2 .3 5

1 .9 6
2 .6 4
1 .7 5
2 .4 0

1 .7 1 2 .6 1 1 .6 5 2 .2 7 -

2 .6 0
2 .6 8
1 .9 8
2 .4 6

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S5---------------

344
172
172
46

2 .7 0
2 .6 0
2 .7 9
2 .9 8

2 .7 3
2 .6 4
2 .8 4
3 .0 6

2 .5 5 2 .2 9 2 .6 6 3 .0 2 -

2 .9 9
2 .9 6
2 .9 9
3 .0 9

ORDER

FILLERS -----------------------

130

2 .8 0

2 .8 4

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------

44

2 .6 4

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

30
21

2 .7 7
2 .7 0

l ’10

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

2 . 7 0 2 . BO 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0

3 .1 0 3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0 3 . 5 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .4 0 2 .5 0

2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

over

1

-

-

6

-

-

-

9

9
9
“

5
2
3
2

_

“

10
10
10

5
5
5

7
4
3

-

3
3

29
25
4

-

and

-

2

-

-

21

2

47

-

-

21
-

2

29
29
-

-

2 .1 0 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0

2 . 6 0 2 .7 0

6

~

-

-

-

36
6
30

31

39
30
9
9

10
10

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

2

_

_

~

-

-

_

6
6

16
16
10
8
2
2

40
10
30
4

54
52
2

41
9
32

2 . 8 0 - 2 .8 7

27

-

2

101

2 .5 8

2 . 5 4 - 2 .7 4

29

-

11

-

4

2 .8 2
2 .8 1

2 . 6 3 - 2 .9 3
2 . 5 7 - 2 .8 9

5
5

3
3

4

8
7

5
4

1

1

_

_

_

1

1

“

15
4
11
10

3 .0 9
3 .0 3

3 .1 2
3 .0 9

T R U C KD RI VE RS6 -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S5--------------

4 12
71
3 41
231

3 .1 3
3 .2 3
3 .1 1
3 .1 0

3 .1 4
3 .0 9
3 .1 5
3 .1 5

3 .1 0 2 .9 5 3 .1 1 3 .1 2 -

3 .1 9
3 .5 5
3 .1 8
3 .1 7

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM 11-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONSI ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------NuNMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES5--------------

242
16
2 26
1 74

3 .0 6
2 .9 1
3 .0 7
3 .0 8

3 .1 3
2 .9 2
3 .1 4
3 .1 5

3 .0 7 2 .8 1 3 .1 0 3 .1 2 -

3 .1 7
2 .9 7
3 .1 7
3 .1 7

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

47

9
“

-

-

6
6
-

-

-

4
4

2
2

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

16
-

-

3 . 0 5 - 3 .1 9
3 . 0 4 - 3 .1 8

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

112
1 09

3 .2 0
3 .1 9

3 .1 7
3 .1 6

TRUCKERS, POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) --------MANUFACTURING -------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------

293
223
70

2 .8 a
2 .8 6
2 .9 6

2 .9 6
2 .9 5
3 .0 3

55
37

2 .5 4
2 .4 9

2 .5 5
2 .4 5

2 . 3 9 - 2 .6 5
2 . 3 6 - 2 .5 7

26
26

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4

_

_

_

_

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

7

7

2 . 7 9 - 3 .0 3
2 . 7 8 - 3 .0 0
2 . 8 0 - 3 .0 7

-

13
4
9
8

8
6

2
2

-

45
14
31
-

2 46
2
2 44
2 14

26

12

_

-

-

26
-

12

-

-

16
10
6
-

-

3
3

14
8

14

6
~

28
1
27

159

-

9
9
-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

D ata lim it e d to m en w o r k e r s e x ce p t w h e re o th e rw is e in d ica te d .
E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and la te s h ifts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e footn ote 2, ta b le A - l .
W o r k e r s w e r e d istr ib u te d as fo llo w s :
8 at $ 1 . 2 0 to $ 1 . 3 0 ; 9 at $ 1 . 3 0 to $ 1 . 4 0 ;
and 4 at $ 1 . 4 0 to $ 1 . 5 0 .
T ra n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f tru c k o p e r a t e d .

-

-

15
15

-

8
8

20
2u

11
8

17

_

-

12

-

113
113

13

15
15

5

-

-

15

3
3

1
1

2
2

13

-

2

8
7

1

11
11

-

31
31

“

3 . 1 3 - 3 .2 0
3 . 1 3 - 3 .2 0




23

52
52

22
17

1
2
3
4
5
6

3.60

2 .3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 5 0

15
14
1
1

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

$

i * 9 0 2 *0 0 2 - 10 2 . 2 0

and
und er
1 .6 0

GUARDS AND W A T C H M E N -----------------

1* 6 0

~

_
102
50
52 .

-

30
30

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
-

-

-

-

-

159
159

14

-

-

85
85

~
12
12

12
12

~

_

“

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by m i n i m u m entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced w o m e n office workers, Spokane, Wa sh . , June 1965)1
3
2
Other inexperienced clerical w o rk er s

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
M i n i m u m weekly straight-time salary 1

All
schedules

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing
All
industries

B a s e d on standard weekly hours 3 of—

All
industries

40

All
schedules

All
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

B a s e d on standard weekly hours 3 of—

40

All
schedules

40

----

63

21

XXX

42

XXX

63

21

XXX

42

XXX

Establishments having a specified m i n i m u m --------------

17

6

6

11

9

25

7

7

18

16

--— ---under $ 52. 50
under $ 55. 00- - — — —
---- —
under $ 57. 50...... ..............
—
----- —
under $ 60. 00 _ --under $ 62. 50— — -------- — —
under $ 65. 00- _ —
— —
under $ 67. 50_
—
-------------------------------under $ 70. 00
—
-------- —
-------ov er --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4
2
2
2

_

_

4
1
2
1

3
1
2

9

1
1

1
1

8
2
4
2

7
2
4
1

Establishments studied-

$ 50.00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

—

----

----

1

1

1

-

3
4
4

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2
2

2

2

1
2

-

-

1
1

1
1

2

2

-

-

2
1
2

1

-

1
2

1

-

2

2

-

Establishments having no specified m i n i m u m -----------------------------

10

3

XXX

7

XXX

13

4

XXX

9

XXX

Establishments w h ic h did not e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in this category
—
—
—

36

12

XXX

24

XXX

25

XXX

15

XXX

----------

1

-

10

1 T h e s e salaries relate to formally established m i n i m u m starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard wo r k w e e k s .
2 Excludes w o r k e r s in subclerical jobs such as m e s s e n g e r or office girl.
3 Data are presented for all standard w o r k w e e k s combined, and for the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o r k w e e k reported.




-

11

Ta b le B-2.

S h ift D iffe re n tia ls

(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w o r k e r s by type and a m o u n t of differential,
Spokane, Wa sh ., June 1965)
Percent of manufacturing plant wo r k e r s —
In establishments having formal
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Actually working on—

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift w o r k

Second shift

Total..........................................

94. 6

85.9

21. 3

13. 8

With shift pay differential-

__ ___________

94. 6

85. 9

21.3

13. 8

U n i f o r m cents (per hour)__________________

91.6

82. 9

21. 3

13. 8

5 cents_________________________________
6 cents _
_______ __ _ ______________
8 cents _ _________ __ _________________
9 cents----------------- ---------10 cents—
12 cents- ______________ _______________
14 cents- ----------- ---- __ ___
15 cents_______ _________________ ____
25 cents______

10. 0
3. 1
51.3
8. 3
10. 1
.8
6.6
1. 5

6. 3

1.7
51.6
6.6
15. 2
1. 5

Other formal pay differential--------------

3. 0
-

_

With no shift pay differential-

____

___

„

_
_
_

.4
16. 1
2.4
1.7
_

Third or other
shift

_
_
_
_

.6

10. 7
.1
2. 9
.1

3. 0

-

-

-

-

-

.2
_

1
Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with formal provisions covering late shifts
even though they w e r e not currently operating late shifts.

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant w o r k e r s in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled we ek ly hours
of first-shift workers, Spokane, Wa sh . , June 1965)1
4
3
2
OFFICE W O RK ER S

PLAN T W O RK ER8

W e e k l y hours
A ll in d u strie s 1

All wo rk er s-

—

___

______________

__

35 hours
—
------ -------------- — _
______
37V2 h o u r s —
_ ______
______________
383 ho ur s-— __________________________ ____ __
/*
------------------------------40 hours
— — —
—
42 hours
_ __ _ - — _____ _______________
44 hours ---------- ---------------- --------------------- ----------

1
2
3
4

100
4
6
(4)

90
(4)

M an ufacturin g

100

3
2
95
-

P ub lic u tilitie s 2

100

-

100
-

A ll in dustries 3

M an ufacturin g

P ub lic u tilitie s 2

100

100

100

1
_
78
21
1

2
49
50

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
L e s s than 0. 5 percent.




_
96
4

12

Tab le B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J u n e 196 5)
PLAN T W O RKERS

O FF IC E W O R K E R S

Item
A ll in d u stries 1

A l l w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a i d h o l id a y s

M an ufacturin g

P ub lic u tilitie s 2

A ll in d ustries 3

M an ufacturin g

P ub lic u tilitie s 2

100

1 00

100

100

100

100

93

100

1 00

96

100

100

4

“

“

25
2

18
2
55

25

7

“

“

28
1
37

26
1
46

29

N u m ber o f days

6 h o l id a y s —----------------------------- ------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------- —
7 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ---- -----------------------------8 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------

l
-

44
(4)

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

25
1

28

70

25

25

71

”

“

”

”

”

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e 5

10 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

1

_

_

_

_

_

7 days or m o re
o r m o r e _______________________________________

26
65
93

28
75
100

70
99
100

26
71
96

25
82
100

71
96
100

6 days

1
2
3
4
5

I n c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e i n d u s t r y d i v is io n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e i n d u s t r y d iv is io n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g a t o ta l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 7 f u ll d a y s and
no h a lf d a y s , 6 f u ll d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o on.
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la te d .




13

Tab le B-5.

Paid Vacations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J u n e 1965)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o lic y
All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Publio utilities 3

100

A ll w o r k e r s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100

100

100
98
2

100

94
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

M eth o d of p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s
_ __ _ _
L e n g th -o f-tim e p aym en t
P e rc e n ta g e p ay m en t _
_
____ F la t- s u m p ay m en t
_
_ _
O th e r
_
_
__ _ _
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t io n s
_ _

-

-

-

-

85
15
-

-

-

-

6

_
7
_

14
-

97
3

-

1

-

78

22

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5
A f t e r 6 m o n th s of s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w eek
1w e e k
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s —
2w e e k s
_ __ _

17
3
4

-

48

23

14

~

4

6

2

3
-

_

4
19
_

-

-

91

98

94

A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e

1w e e k _
_
O v er 1 and u n d e r 2 w ee k s
2 w e e k s __ __ _ __ ___
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

48
4

77
-

98

2

1
8

-

37

_

2

_

_

6

-

-

-

62

90

64

A f t e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e

1w e e k _ —
_
_
___
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w ee k s
__ _ _ __
2 w e e k s __
_
___ ____
__ __ ____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _ ----- - _ _
3 w e e k s ____ ___ __ ___

1
0
6

15

80

85

15
27
58

_

_

_

1

8
2

4

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

36
-

A f t e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e

1w e e k
_
_
___
2 w e e k s __________________________________ _____ ___
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w ee k s
- __
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

98

_

_

1
1

3
95

_

4

-

-

-

-

1

96

100

100

2

.

100

_

-

A f t e r 4 y e a r s of s e r v i c e

1w e e k
2w eek s

_
_ _
—
_ __
_
----_ __ __ _
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___ ___ ___
_ __
3 w eeks
_
„
___
_ __ ___ __

_
96
_

4

_

_

98

-

1

3
95

_

-

-

-

-

98

98

100

100

2

.

100

_
-

A f t e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e

2w e e k s —
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----_ __
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




100

82

61
_

_

13
4

40

-

1

1
2

2
_

100

_
_

14

Ta b le B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J u n e 1 965)
PLAN T W O RK ERS

O FF IC E W O RK E RS

Vacation policy
A ll Industrie*2

M an ufacturin g

P ub lic u tilitie s

3

A ll in d ustries 4

M an ufacturin g

P ub lic u tilitie s 3

A m o u n t of vacation pa y 5— Continued
After 10 years of service
2 weeks
3 weeks
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s
4 weeks

52
48
-

27
72
1

9
89
2
-

58
42
-

8
90
2

38
62

“

21
78
1
"

9

1
93
5

11
87
1
1

3
95
2
-

_
94
6

10
42
48
“

6
26
68
“

1
28
70
~

11
57
31
1

3
79
16
2

22
78
-

10
15

6
24
70
-

1
71
28

11
28
58
3

3
27
68
2

_
_
89
11

6
24
70

1
71
28

11
28
58
3

3
27
68
2

_
_
89
11

47
43
9

18
82
-

42
49
9

18
82
“

43
57

10
74
1
15

6
85
-

-

After 12 years of service
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s
4 w e e k s — _____ ___ _____ —
___ — ------------ -

-

-

-

After 15 years of service
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s — ----- -------- ---—
4 w e e k s — — ---- — ------------- --------------After 20 years of service
3 w e e k s --- --- ----- ------------— ---- ----- --O v e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------

_

After 25 years of service
2 weeks
3 weeks
4 w e e k s — — ------- ------------ ------- -----—
O v e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------

68
7

After 30 years of service
2 weeks
3 w e e k s — ____ _____________ — -- --- ----- --- —
4 w e e k s ____ _______ -____ ______ _____ _______ ___
O v e r 4 w e e k s . -------- --- -------- ------------

10
15
68
7

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans w h ic h offer ’
’extended" or "sabbatical” benefits be yo nd basic plans to w o r k e r s with qualifying lengths
of service.
Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, al um in um , and can industries.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
5 Includes p a y m e n t s other than "length of time," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a p a y m e n t of 2 percent
of annual earnings w a s considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service w e r e arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
F o r example, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring be tw ee n 5 and 10 years.
Estimates are cumulative.
Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay
or m o r e after 5 years includes those w h o receive 3 weeks' pa y or m o r e after fewer years of service.




15
Ta b le B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(Percent of office and plant w o r k e r s in all industries a nd in industry divisions e m p l o y e d in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Spokane, W a sh . , June 1965)
O FFIC E W O RK E RS

PLAN T W O RK ERS

T y p e of benefit
AU in dustries 2

All wo rk er s- _ ___ _________________

____

M an ufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

A ll in dustries 4

M an ufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

90

99

100

90

97

100

W o r k e r s in establishments providing:
Life insurance - ----------------- — — ___
Accidental death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
insurance_______ ________
____
Sickness and accident insurance or
------- — — —
sick leave or b o t h 5 —

51

40

73

50

42

58

79

92

73

77

92

62

Sickness and accident insurance_________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)----------- __ __

45

75

31

66

88

26

53

55

28

6

-

6

12

5

28

24

14

29

Hospitalization insurance-------------- --Surgical insurance______________________
Medical insurance
---------------Catastrophe insurance- __________________
Retirement pension- --------------------N o health, insurance, or pension plan______

76
76
73
78
78
1

95
95
95
59
84
1

70
70
70
70
73

88
88

94
94
94
14
83
3

80
80
80
80

83
44
71
3

62

Includes those plans for wh ic h at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer, except those legally required, such as w o r k m e n ' s compensation, social security, and railroad
retirement.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w o r k e r s receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance s h o w n separately below.
Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the m i n i m u m n u m b e r of days' pay that can be expected by each employee.
Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




16

Ta b le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1965)

OFFICE W O RK ER S

PLANT W O RK ER S

Sick leave provision
All industries 1

All w o r k e r s ____________________________________
W o r k e r s in establishments providing
fo rm al paid sick leave ______________________
W o r k e r s in establishments providing
no formal paid sick leave____________________

100. 0

Manufacturing

100. 0

Public u i i i s2
tlte
100. 0

Allindustries3
100. 0

Manufacturing

Public u i i i s
tlte2

100. 0

100. 0

65. 4

60. 2

56. 7

30. 2

13.9

35. 6

34. 6

39. 8

43. 3

69. 8

86. 1

64. 4

U n i f o r m plan:4
N o waiting p e r i o d __________________________
Full p a y ^ ________________________________
5 days _
___________ _______ ___ __
6 days _ ____________________ _______
10 days __________ __________________
12 da y s — _______ „ ___ ___ — ___
Waiting period
Full p a y _____ _
___ __ ----------Partial p a y only
___
___ ___

18. 7
18. 7
8. 2
3. 7
1. 7
4. 1
6. 1
3. 1
3. 0

19. 8
19. 8
8. 7
2. 0
9. 2
4. 7
4. 7
-

.8
.8
.8
14. 4
14. 4

3. 7
3. 7
1.9
.5
1. 3
10. 8
10. 1
.6

7. 3
5. 8
1. 5

6. 2
6. 2
6. 2
-

Grad ua te d plan4— After 1 year of service:
N o waiting period
___ ___
Full p a y * _
_ ___ _ __ --- -----5 d a y s -------------------------------9 d a y s ________________________________
10 days _________ __________________
40— 50 d a y s ________________________ __
Full pa y plus partial p a y 5 ______________
____ —
---- ------ --5 days —
10 da y s _______________________________
Partial p a y only ------ ---- --------Waiting p e r i o d ____________ ______ _______
Full p a y ---- __ --------- -----------Partial p a y only
— - — ------------

34. 6
21. 7
1. o
8.9
6. 0
4. 1
12.9
8. 7
3. 6
6. 0
3. 1
2.9

35. 7
31. 3
6. 0
.7
24. 7
4. 3
4. 3
-

27. 7
27. 7
27. 7
13. 8
13. 8

4. 7
2. 5
.3
2. 2
10.9
4. 3
6. 6

6. 6
6.6

10. 6
10. 6
18. 8
18. 8

37. 7
13.9
8.9
.7
4. 1
23. 8
8. 0
1. 0
3. 1
6. 5
4. 0
2.9

35. 7
29. 7
4. 3
24. 7
6. 0
6. 0
-

27. 7
27. 7
27. 7
13. 8

11. 8
6.9
4. 3
2. 3
.3
4.9
3.9

6. 6
6. 6
-

10. 6
10. 6
18. 8

26. 5

15. 3

15. 2

12. 3

7. 3

6. 2

T y p e and a m o u n t of paid sick
leave provided annually

Grad ua te d plan4— After 10 years of service:
N o waiting pe r i o d __________________________
20 days _ _ ____ ______________ __
65 days ___ ______________ — ____
80— 90 days _ ______ ___ ____ ___ _
Full pa y plus partial p a y 5 ______ ____
12 days __ ____________ _________ .
—
25 d a y s _______________________________
50 days _______
__ __
_______ _
65 da y s _______________________________
130 d a y s _____________________________
Partial p a y only
_ ----------- -----Waiting period, full p a y plus partial p a y ___
Provisions for accumulation
W o r k e r s in establishments having
provisions for accumulation of
un u s e d sick leave _______________________

__

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
4 " U n i f o r m plans" are defined as those fo rmal plans under wh i c h an employee, after 1 year of service, is entitled to the s a m e n u m b e r of days' paid sick leave each year. "Graduated
plans" are defined as those fo rm al plans under wh i c h an employee's leave varies according to length of service. Periods of service w e r e arbitrarily chosen. Estimates reflect provisions
applicable at the stated length of service but do not reflect provisions for progression. Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick leave after 10 years of service m a y also receive this a m o u n t
after greater or lesser lengths of service.
5 M a y include provisions other than those presented separately. N u m b e r s of days s h o w n under "Full pa y plus partial pay" are days for wh i c h w o r k e r s receive sick leave at full pay; w o r k e r s
are entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.




17

Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s ,
b y t y p e o f p la n , S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 196 5)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLAN T W O RK ERS

Type of plan

All workers- --- —

-

---- _ - ----

Workers in establishments providing
p r n f i t - a V i a r i n g p la n s

....................................

Plans providing for current

A ll in dustries 4

M an ufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

16

12

1

25

16

12

69

84

A ll in d u stries2

100

31

M an ufacturin g

100

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

100

5

Plans providing for deferred
distribution___________________________
Plans providing for both current and
H p fp rrp H Hi e t r i h n t i n n

_

.

Plans providing for employee's choice
o f m e th o d o f d is tr ib u tio n

Workers in establishments providing
n o p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s .........

100

88

99

100

1 The study was limited to formal plans (1) having established formulas for the allocation of profit shares among employees; (2) whose formulas were communicated to the employees in
advance of the determination of profits; (3) that represent a commitment by the company to make periodic contributions based on profits; and (4) in which eligibility extends to a majority of the
office or plant workers.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.

3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and w ill be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations w ill
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

18

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
m ay or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

19

20
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating woikers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing thq items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

21
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c . , are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-tim e assignment. ("Full” telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e . g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B.
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’'Limited'' telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e .g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

22
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical woik may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others* Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required* The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the woik and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C . Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following; Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c . , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23
P ROF E S S I ONA L

AND

T E C HNI C A L

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, w all sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MA I NT E NA NC E

Continue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

POWERPL ANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of woik from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenters handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
woik. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

25

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following! Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, Adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticediip or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Instajls or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

26

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etalwoiking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required* In general, the work of die maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inC U S T O D IA L

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

M A T E R IA L

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

27
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container, inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping cleik
Shipping and receiving cleik




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964 . 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C ., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1965--------------------------------------------------- 1430-78,
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y ., Apr. 1965---------------- 1430-52,
Albuquerque, N. M ex ., Apr. 1965-------------------------------- 1430-62,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1965— 1430-48,
N.
Atlanta, G a ., May 1965--------------------------------------------------- 1430-74,
Baltimore, M d ., Nov. 19641 __________________________ 1430-27,
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex., May 1965----------------------- 1430-66,
Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1965 1________________________ 1430-60,
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1 ---------------------------------------- 1430-1,
Boston, M a ss., Oct. 19641 ____________________________ 1430-16,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 19641_____________________________
Burlington, V t ., Mar. 19651 ----------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1965_______________________________
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1965------------------------------------Charlotte, N. C., Apr. 1965------------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn. — a ., Sept. 1964 1 -------------------------G
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1965 1 ---------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., Mar. 1965______________________
K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641___________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641------------------------------------------

1430-36,
1430-51,
1430-59,
1430-65,
1430-61,
1430-10,
1430-72,
1430-55,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents

Dallas, T ex., Nov. 19641 ______________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaI ll ., Oct. 1964 1_______________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965-------------------------------------------------Denver, C olo., Dec. 1964______________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1965___________________________
Detroit, M ich., Jan. 19651 ------------------------------------------Fort Worth, T ex., Nov. 19641-------------------------------------Green Bay, W is ., Aug. 1964 1-------------------------------------Greenville, S. C. , May 1965-----------------------------------------Houston, T ex., June 1964 1---------------------------------------------

1430-25,

30 cents

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1430-69,
1385-81,

Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1964----------------------------------------Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1965_____________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 19651 ------------------------------------Kansas City, Mo. — an s., Nov. 1964---------------------------K
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a ss.— H ., June 1965------------N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock,A rk ., Aug. 1964 1 ---------Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., Mar. 1965 1 ---------------Louisville, K y .—
Ind., Feb. 1965 1--------------------------------Lubbock, T ex., June 1965______________________________
Manchester, N. H ., Aug. 1964 1------------------------------------Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1965-------------------------------------------

1430-30,
1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1430-75,
1430-7,
1430-57,
1430-42,
1430-73,
1430-4,
1430-40,

l

Bulletin number
and price

M iam i, F la ., D ec. 1964-------------------------------------------------M ilwaukee, W is ., A p r. 1965 1---------------------------------------M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn ., Jan. 1965 1 _____________
M uskegon— uskegon Heights, M ich ., May 1965________
M
Newark and J e r se y City, N. J . , Feb. 1965-------------------New Haven, C on n ., Jan. 1965---------------------------------------New O rleans, L a ., Feb. 19 651 ------------------------------------New Y ork, N. Y. , A pr. 1964 1 ---------------------------------------N orfolk—
Portsm outh and New port News—
Hampton, V a ., June 19651------------------------------------------Oklahoma City, O k la ., Aug. 1964 1 ____________________

1430-29,
1430-58,
1430-39,
1430-68,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1430-53,
1385-72,

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
40 cents

1430-77,
1430-5,

25 cents
25 cents

Omaha, N ebr. —
Iowa, O ct. 1964------------------------------------P aterson —
Clifton— a s sa ic, N .J ., May 1965___________
P
Philadelphia, P a . - N . J . , Nov. 1 9 6 4 1__________________
Phoenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1965_____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1 9 651___________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964____________________________
Portland, O reg. — a sh ., May 1965-------------------------------W
P rovid en ce—
Pawtucket, R. I . — a s s ., May 19651-----------M
Raleigh, N. C . , Sept. 1964---------------------------------------------Richm ond, V a ., Nov. 1964_____________________________

1430-17,
1430-71,
1430-28,
1430-56,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1430-70,
1430-67,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25 cents
25 cents
35 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

R ock ford , 111. , May 1965-----------------------------------------------St. L ouis, M o . - I l l . , Oct. 19 6 4 1_______________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, D ec. 1 9 641 --------------------------------San Antonio, T e x ., June 1964__________________________
San B ern ardin o— iv ersid e— ntario, C a lif.,
R
O
Sept. 1964----------------------------------------------------------------------San D iego, C a lif., Sept. 1964 1-------------------------------------San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1965 1-----------------Savannah, G a ., May 1965-----------------------------------------------Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1964----------------------------------------------Seattle, W a sh ., Sept. 1964_____________________________

1430-63,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1430-64,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Sioux F a lls, S. D ak ., Oct. 1964-----------------------------------South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1965___________________________
Spokane, W ash ., June 19651 -----------------------------------------Toledo, Ohio, F eb. 1965 1______________________________
Trenton, N .J ., D ec. 19 641 ------------------------------------------Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. , O ct. 1964 1 --------------------W aterbury, C o n n ., M ar. 1965__________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19 641 -----------------------------------------W ichita, K an s., Sept. 1 9 641___________________________
W orcester, M a s s ., June 1965__________________________
Y ork, P a ., F eb. 1965___________________________________

1430-15,
1430-54,
1430-79,
1430-50,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1430-49,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1430-76,
1430-46,

20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102