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Occupational Wage Survey

NEWARK AND JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY
FEBRUARY 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-46




UNITED STA TES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BU REA U O F LABOR S TA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
NEWARK AND JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY




FEBRUARY 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-46
May 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The L a b or M arket O ccu pational W age Survey P r o g r a m
E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a r k e ts c u r r e n t ly a re in clud ed
in the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m a j o r l a b o r m a r k e t s .
These
s t u d i e s p r o v i d e d a t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d
su p plem en tary b en efits.
In form a tion on rela ted s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n n i a l l y in m o s t o f th e l a b o r
m arkets.

I n t r o d u c t i o n _____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s __________________________
Tables:
1.
2.

3.
A p r e lim in a r y re p o rt w hich p resen ts
earn ings
t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s and a v e r a g e e a r n ­
in g s in s e l e c t e d j o b s is r e l e a s e d w i t h i n a m o n t h a f t e r
the c o m p l e t i o n o f th e s t u d y in e a c h a r e a .
T h is bulletin
p r o v i d e s a d d i t i o n a l d a t a n o t i n c l u d e d in the p r e l i m i n a r y
report.
A t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n is i s s u e d a f t e r the
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r ­
v e y s ( f o r th e c u r r e n t r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , th e f i r s t p a r t o f
t h is b u l l e t i n w i l l b e a v a i l a b l e l a t e in 1963 and th e s e c o n d
p a r t e a r l y in 1 9 6 4 ).
T h e f i r s t p a rt p r e s e n t s in divid u al
la b o r m a r k e t data.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s da t a r e ­
la t i n g to a l l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s in th e U n it e d S t a t e s .

A:

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y ___________
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and
s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn ings fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion a l
g r o u p s , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ______________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ______________
O ccupational ea rn in g s:*
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n ________________________
m
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n
m
and w o m e n ____________________________________________________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________

A ppendix:

T h i s b u l l e t i n w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N. Y . , b y R o b e r t F i n d l a y , u n d e r
th e d i r e c t i o n o f H a r o l d A . B a r l e t t a . T h e s t u d y w a s u n d e r
th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f F r e d e r i c k W . M u e l l e r , A s s i s t a n t
R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s a nd I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .




1
3

O ccupational d escrip tion s

______________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s a r e
m a j o r a r e a s . (See in sid e b a ck c o v e r . )

a vailable

fo r other

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y
a r e a a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r th e m a c h i n e r y i n d u s t r i e s ( A p r i l
1 9 6 2 ), and w o m e n ' s and m i s s e s ' c o a t s and s u i t s ( A u g u s t
1 9 6 2). U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e
a v a i l a b l e f o r th e f o l l o w i n g t r a d e s o r i n d u s t r i e s :
B u ild in g
c o n s t r u c tio n , printing, l o c a l - t r a n s i t ope r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ,
and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s .

iii

2

4
4

5
9
10
11
13
15




O ccu p ation al W a g e

S u rv e y —N ew ark

an d J ersey C ity , N .J .

Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 82 l a b o r m a r k e t s in w h i c h th e U.S. D e ­
p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u ll- t i m e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th ose h ir e d to w o r k a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da ta e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late s h ifts.
N on prod u ction
bonuses
a re exclu ded,
but c o s t - o f l i v i n g b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W here w eekly
h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is
t o the w o r k s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h i c h
s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r these
o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r s tu d y .
P e r so n a l v isits w e re m ade
t o n o n r e s p o n d e n t s and t o t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , a a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h i n s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e ; a nd s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
in d u stry g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th ese studies a re g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d
b e c a u s e t h e y te n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a ­
tions stu died to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S ep arate tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n
criteria .

D i f f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in w h i c h
b o t h m e n and w o m e n a r e c o m m o n l y e m p l o y e d a r e l a r g e l y due to
(1) d i f f e r e n c e s in the d i s t r i b u t i o n o f the s e x e s a m o n g i n d u s t r i e s and
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ; (2) d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lt h oug h
th e o c c u p a t i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w it h i n the s a m e s u r v e y
j o b d e s c r i p t i o n ; a nd (3) d i f f e r e n c e s in le n g t h o f s e r v i c e o r m e r i t
r e v i e w w h e n i n d i v i d u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d j u s t e d on th is b a s i s .
Longer
a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u l d r e s u l t in h i g h e r a v e r a g e p a y w h e n
b o t h s e x e s a r e e m p l o y e d w i t h i n the s a m e r a t e r a n g e .
Job d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y
m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to
a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
pe r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g the da ta,
h o w e v e r , all e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re g iv en th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eigh t.
E sti­
m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a nd a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O ccupations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n the s c o p e o f the s t u d y and n ot the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a in e d
f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d ic a t e the
r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n ot m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y of the e a r n ­
in g s data.

a nd E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a nd n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : (a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(c) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (d) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w it h i n the s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study are
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d i x .
E a r n i n g s da t a f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l
to p r o v i d e e n o u g h da t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i ­
b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta.




E stablish m en t P r a c t ic e s

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e

P rovision s

T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th is
bu lletin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s i s c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y in
t h is a r e a .
T h e s e tabu lation s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r in ­
e x p e rie n ce d w om en o ffice w o r k e r s ;
s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d
w e e k l y h o u r s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e ,
and p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s
b u l l e t i n s f o r th is a r e a .

1




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ie d in N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity, N. J. , 1
b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1963

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

___________________________________________________

M an u factu rin g _________________ ________ ____________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __ _____ __________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 ______ ______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ____________________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e (e x c e p t l im i t e d - p r i c e
v a r ie t y s t o r e s ) ___________________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and
r e a l e s ta te _________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s 6 ___ _ — _____ — ____________________________ -

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

N u m b er o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e
o f study 3

Studied

_

1, 2 9 3

265

4 3 7 ,1 0 0

224, 590

100

648

123

263, 200

121, 180

'

645

142

173, 900

103, 410

52, 100

3 9 ,1 2 0

50

89
198

24
34

23, 300

6, 5 1 0

100

66

22

28, 700

19, 740

50

116

28

33, 600

18, 4 2 0

50

176

34

36, 200

19, 6 2 0

100

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

Studied

1 The N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity Standard M e tro p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f E s s e x , H udson, M o r r i s , and U n ion C o u n tie s .
The " w o r k e r s
w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y ” e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e i n ­
c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T he e s t im a t e s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a
to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce
o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) sm a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 Th e 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u s tr ia l C l a s s i fi c a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch
in d u s t r ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o t io n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o t io n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

3

Wage T re n d s for S elected O ccv p atio n al Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e
s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , a n d in a v ­
e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o r k , that i s , th e s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a i d . F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n da t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in e a c h g r o u p . T h e
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l d a t a a r e b a s e d o n m e n and w o m e n in the f o l l o w i n g 19 j o b s :
B o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c l e r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s A
and B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A , B , and C ; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y ­
r o l l ; C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A and B;
o f f i c e b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ; s t e n o g r a ­
p h ers, sen ior; sw itch board o p e r a t o r s ;' tabu latin g-m ach ine o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s B ; and t y p i s t s , c l a s s A and B .
The in d u stria l n u rse data a re
b a s e d o n m e n and w o m e n i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s .
M e n in th e f o l l o w i n g
8 s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e j o b s and 2 u n s k i l l e d j o b s a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p la n t w o r k e r da ta: S k i l l e d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e l e c t r i c i a n s ; m a c h i n i s t s ; m e ­
c h a n i c s ; m e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ; p a i n t e r s ; p i p e f i t t e r s ; a nd t o o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k i l l e d — j a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ; and l a b o r e r s ,
m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g .

A v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s or a v e ra g e h o u rly earn ings w e r e
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s .
The average s a l­




a r i e s o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e th e n m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h
o f th e j o b s d u r i n g the p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 1 9 6 1 .
T h e s e w eigh ted e a r n ­
i n g s f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d to o b t a i n an a g g r e g a t e
f o r e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , th e r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ­
c e n t a g e ) o f th e g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r the o n e y e a r t o the a g g r e g a t e f o r
th e o t h e r y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the r e s u l t and
100 i s th e p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m th e o n e p e r i o d to th e o t h e r .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y , th e e f f e c t s
o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in th e s a m e j o b ; and
(3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e
resu ltin g fr o m la b or tu rn ov er, f o r c e exp an sion s, f o r c e red u ction s,
a nd c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e
i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l
wage changes.
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n and l o w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n in the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a id
w o r k e r s w o u l d h a v e th e o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . S i m i l a r l y , th e m o v e m e n t o f
a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t o u t o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e th e a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s to d r o p , e v e n t h o u g h no c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f ­
f e c t o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h
j o b i n c l u d e d i n the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a r e n ot i n f l u ­
e n c e d b y c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s o r in p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e , s in c e th ey a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r s .

T h e a b o v e t e x t r e p r e s e n t s the m e t h o d u s e d in c o m p u t i n g a n e w t r e n d
s e r i e s ( t a b l e 2).
T h i s s e r i e s , i n i t i a t e d w i t h th e e x p a n s i o n o f th e l a b o r m a r k e t
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m t o 80 S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s , w i l l r e p l a c e
th e o l d s e r i e s ( 1 9 5 3 b a s e ) s h o w n in t a b l e 3. C h a n g e s in the j o b s s u r v e y e d and
j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s s i n c e th e s t a r t o f th e o l d s e r i e s c a l l e d f o r a r e e x a m i n a t i o n o f
the j o b s and j o b g r o u p i n g s f o r w h i c h t r e n d s w e r e to b e c o m p u t e d .
T h e n e w s e r i e s c o v e r s th e s a m e j o b g r o u p i n g s a s th e e a r l i e r s e r i e s
w ith the f o l l o w i n g e x c e p t i o n s : T h e c l e r i c a l and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e g r o u p s , f o r m e r l y
r e s t r i c t e d t o w o m e n , n o w i n c l u d e b o t h m e n and w o m e n . C h a n g e s w e r e a l s o m a d e
in th e j o b s i n c l u d e d w i t h i n j o b g r o u p i n g s in o r d e r th at an i d e n t i c a l l i s t c o u l d
be e m p l o y e d in a l l a r e a s .

4




T a ble 2. P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in gs fo r
s e le c t e d occu p a tio n a l grou p s in N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
F e b ru a r y 1962
to
F e b ru a r y 1963

F e b r u a r y 1961
to
F e b r u a r y 1962

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and w om en)
___ __
Industrial n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n ) ________
Skilled m aintenance (men) _________________
U nskilled plant (m en) _____ _____ _________

3.1
6.0
3.1
4.0

4.2
4.2
2.6
1.9

2.8
3.8
3.4
4.2

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en)
_ _____
In du strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en)
_____
S killed m aintenance (men)
__ _ _ ___ __
U nskilled plant (m en) _______________________

3.0
7.0
2.9
3.3

3.5
3.6
2.3
1.6

2.8
4.3
3.5
4.4

Industry and o ccu p ation al group

F e b ru a r y I960
to
F e b r u a r y 1961

T a b le 3. Indexes of standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and str a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d
occu p a tio n a l groups in N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F e b ru a r y 1963 and F e b ru a r y 1962
(N ovem ber 1952 = 100)
Industry and occu p ation al group

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en)
__
Industrial n u r s e s (w om en)
Skilled m aintenance (m en)
U nskilled plant (m en) _____

__ __ __ _____ __ _____
— ____ ___ ___ ___ ___ ______
__ __ _____ __ ___________
_____ . . _____ . . . . . . ___

M anufacturin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en)
__ __ __
Industrial n u r s e s (w om en) ___
S killed m aintenance (m en)
_____
U nskilled plant ( m e n ) __ „
„

R e v is e d estim a te .

____ _____ __________
__ __ _________________
___________ ________
_____ — „ _____ . .

F e b r u a r y 1963

F e b ru a r y 1962

149.6
157.5
150.5
152.7

145.3
148.6
145.9
147.1

149.6
158.3
149.9
158.2

1 144.7
148.6
145.6
153.1

A: Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(Standard)

s
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0
and
(Standard) u n d e r
4 5 .0 0 50 .0 0
Weekly

s
s
s
5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

$
S
s
S
s
s
s
$
s
S
s
$
t
*
7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0
9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 n a o o 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 20100 1 2 5 . 0 0 i 3 a o o 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 0 0

s
s
$
145 .00 1 5 0 0 0 155.00
and

6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0

7 5.00

8 0 .0 0

150.00 155.00

5 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 10 0.0 0 10 5.00 11 0.0 0 11 5.00 12 0.0 0 12 5.00 13 0.0 0 13 5.00 1 4 0 0 0 14 5.00

Men
C lerks, accounting, cla s s A
M anufacturing ___________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______
Pu blic u tilities 2 _____
W holesale t r a d e ______
F in a n ce 3 _____________

446
144
302

3 8.5
3 9 .0
3 8.0

$ 1 0 9 .0 0
10 7 .5 0
11 0 .0 0

63
114

3 6.5
3 9.5

75

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________
Nonmanufacturing _______
F in a n ce 3 _____________

348
130
218

C lerks, file , cla s s B ________
Nonmanufacturing ________
F in a n ce 3 _______________

133

C lerk s, o rd e r ___________
Manufacturing ________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ____
W holesale t r a d e ___

334

C le r k s , p ayroll _____________
Manufacturing ___________

1
-

1
-

10
-

24

-

1
1

1
-

10
-

19
-

-

-

-

1

4

10

10
2
4

2
-

16
-

22
-

11
3

41
12

25
20

18
16

2

16
16

22
20

8
4

8
7
1

29
4

5
2

2
2

16
16
16

20
20
20

20
7

2
2

-

5
5
2

13
12

2

_

_

-

-

2
-

18
18
-

8
-

2

8

9

9

-

-

13

18
10

_

_
-

7
4

21
21

2
2

10
6

14
12

4

-

14
14

15

-

4
4
115
42
73
12

77
30

17

27

15

25

10

8

47
6

9
_

5
22

1
24

8
2
_

1
1
_

14

58
-

109
27
82
3

13

73

43

35

4

2

4

5

3

-

-

-

-

10 6 .5 0
12 6 .5 0

-

-

-

3 6.5

9 5 .0 0

-

-

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 8.5

9 4 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

3 8 .0
3 8.0

6 1 .0 0
5 9 .5 0

_

52
52

_

-

3 7.5

5 4 .0 0

-

52

3 7.5
3 6.5

10 1 .0 0

_

_

_

9 5 .0 0

3 8.5
3 8.5

1 0 7.00
1 1 0.00

-

-

-

110
88

3 8.5

97.00

_

_

_

_

3 8.5

9 4 .5 0

-

-

-

O ffice boys __________________
Manufacturing ___________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_______
P u blic utilities 2 ______
F in a n ce3 ______________

499
157
342

3 8.0

6 4 .0 0

54

6 3 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

186

3 7.5
3 6.5

12
12
_

75

3 8.5
3 7.5

2
-

-

S e c r e t a r ie s __________________

56

3 7.5

Tabulating-m achine operator)
cla ss A ____________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___ _______
Nonmanufacturing _______
F in a n ce3 ______________
Tabulating-m achine operator!
cla ss B ____________________
Manufacturing ___________
Nonmanufacturing _______
P u blic u t ilitie s 2 ______
F in a n ce 3 ______________
Tabulating-m achine operator*
cla ss C _____________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________
Nonmanufacturing _______
F inance 3 -_____________
T yp ists, c la s s B ____________
Nonmanufacturing ________

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




59

118
92

1 &8
166
133

281
119
162

6 1 .5 0

2
-

-

17

4
4

3 8.5
3 9.0

32

7
4

9
3

23
17
6

18
12

1

-

1
-

2
2

12

36

3

26

9

10

19
19
-

6

9
5
4

45
8
37
10
7
20

10
10
15

2

5

2
2

5
5

14
4

16
7
9
2

60
26
34
1

6

10
1
8

4

28

29
16
1
13

18

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 5.50

3 8.0

-

-

105

3 7.5

377
162

115

3 8 .5
3 9.0
3 8.0
3 8.0
3 7.0

94.50
9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
1 0 3.00
89.50

171

3 8 .0

7 7 .5 0

_

59
112

39.0

7 8 .5 0

37.5

7 6.50

-

-

57

36.5

7 2 .0 0

-

84

36.0

7 5 .5 0

_

71

35.5

7 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

•-

-

-

-

6
6
-

.

.

.

.

4

-

-

-

-

3
1
1

24

45
32
13
2

25
8
17

1 1 0.00

1 0 8.00
1 0 2.50

215
40

-

1

5

2
2
-

45

3
21
3
8

54
29
25
20

71
32

11

37
6
31
2

25
18
7
2

-

1
1

1
1

39
35
4

65
48
17

18
-

6

_

9

36
15
21

72
21
51

23

15

35

15
8
8

27
9
18
2

21

9

8
27
13
5

20
-

3
2

20
6

1

21

33

37

11

15

9

1

5

7

13

26

13

11

29
8
7

8
1

9
2

3

-

20
14

4

_

2

2

8

25

26

_

2

2

i

15

6
5
5

2
2

39
12
27

43
26
17

10
3
7

14
14

15
1
14

2
13

3
4

4

2

10

13
6

10

6

-

-

-

-

8
2

16
6
10
2

15
13
2

71

.

_

_

71

_

_

45

33

36

_

19
26
23

33

36

-

30

36

-

7
7

6
6

_

_

1

19

6

1
1
-

8

14

14

7

6
2
4

2
-

13

-

-

3
11
6

-

12
3

8
6

9
1

2
1

i
i

_

_

-

13

28
10
18
-

17
-

10
-

11

17
1
14

10
1

9
_

9

9

2

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

_

_

_

_

_

3

_

_

_

_

-

-

3

2
2

1
1

2

2

-

-

-

-

3

_

_

_

-

-

*

-

-

1

_

_

_

2
2
_

1
-

2

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

.

14
14

35

3
-

2(>

-

7
23
6

3
2

5
5

19
1
4

30

1
1

4

32

6
2
2

39
-

1
-

3

20
14

7
25
8

5

5

16

15
11
4
2

32
14

24
10
14
12

18
12

15
13
2
-

2

2

1

—
i

1

.2

-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J ., F e b r u a r y 1963)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

Weekly, Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard)

s

I

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
t
s
s
s
t
s
S
s
$
l

t

4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0
and
under
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0

s

s

s

s

1

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

S
s
9 a o o i o a o o 1 0 5 .0 0 i i a o o 1 15 i0 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 l 0
0

*

s

s

1

1 4 0 0 0 14 5 X )0 1 5 0 0 0 1 5 5 j 0
0
and

ioooo

10500 lia o o

11500 12000 12500 13000 13500 14000

14500 15000 15500

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine) ____
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilities 2 __________________
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) _______________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________
R etail tr a d e 4 _____________________
B ookkeeping-m achine o p era tors,
cla s s A _________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
B ookkeeping-m achine o p era tors,
c la s s B _________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade __________________
Finance 3 ___________________________
C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A ____________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities 2 ______________ ____
Finance 3 __________________________
S erv ices __________________________

285
192

3 7 .5
3 7 .0

$ 7 3 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

93
53

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

7 7 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

168
58

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

6 8 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

110
52

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

6 8 .0 0

-

6 4 .5 0

-

298

-

.

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

7 9 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

-

3 8 .0

7 5 .0 0

1
1

818
276
542

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

99
374
760
321
439
73
246
52

-

41

52

75

24

22

43
-

34

16

13

-

39
13

36

7

39
24

8
2

9
4

37
11

9
8
1

a
ii

-

-

-

13

8
5

24

34

21

15

8
16

14

5
10

-

16

9
25
11

7

3

10

10

26
3

7
7
3

.

l
-

l

l
5
5

7
3
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

3
2
1

1

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

33
14

32

3
1
2

1
-

3
-

1
-

3
3

-

4

■_

1

.

28
2

52

40

44

3

12

15

18
10

8

3
1

-

14

26

17

40

19
21

58
38

14

-

14
-

20

-

29

20

8

6

2

38
-

155
36

151
7

124

88
43

72

63

80

2
-

119
-

45
7

40

1

2

108

19
12

29
8

13

38

144
7
120

59
21

9
8

38
-

19
44

18
18
-

13

32

3
-

30
-

3
-

104
61
43
1

85
64
21

63
34

30
-

3

30

25

6

53
37
16
3
12

-

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

. 6 2 .5 0

3 8 .0

9 1 .5 0

_

_

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

9 5 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

-

-

-

3 8 .5

1 0 0 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

149
233
80

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

8 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

C lerk s, file , c la s s A ___________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilities 2 __________________
Finance 3 __________________________

380

3 8 .0

7 4 .5 0

_

149
231
32

3 9 .0
3 7 .5

7 3 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

142

3 9 .0
3 6 .5

C lerk s, file , cla s s B ___________________
Manufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2 __________________
Finance 3 .__________________________

965
174
791
31
557

C lerk s, file, c la s s C ___________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

401
161
240
144

66

43

4
1

6 9 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

9
8
1
1

4
-

-

1, 3 1 6
555
761




1
-‘

2

.

115
183

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B ____________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail tr a d e 4 ______________________
Finance 3 ___________________________
S erv ices __________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble,

2
-

-

_
~

-

39
85
24
59

29

38
1
37
-

61
26
35
-

61

67

19'
42
-

34
1

28
2

32

19
48
26
11

-

-

79
18
61
10
36
9

8

8

15

206
78

131
77
54

146
51
95
11

161
115
46
-

93
81
12
-

63
37
26
-

84

4
20

7

6

5
28
13

19

-

10
11
1

49
11
38
2
7

31
33
-

29
18
11
-

38
15
23
-

26
21

3
3
-

13
3
10

2
1

5
-

18
3
15
-

-

10

8

4

4

13
22

-

3
1

1
-

27
2

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

6
-

23
2

153
10

6
5
-

21
-

143
-

158
22
136

8
4

26
53

-

9

19

-

-

12
-

7 7 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

-

-

17
17
-

12
-

-

-

-

12

16
57

22

3 7 .5
3 9 .0

6 1 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

30
-

49
1

192
7

220
31

166
23

159
44

3 7 .5

6 0 .0 0

185
-

189
2

115

7 1 .0 0

48
-

143

3 7 .5

30
-

6

3 7 .0

5 7 .0 0

28

45

174

150

97

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

5 9 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

16
-

34
-

80

94

77

20

3 7 .5
3 8 .0

5 7 .0 0

16

34

60

49
45

35
42

5 3 .5 0

16

30

36

38

20

_
-

1

_

10
16
42
12
93
20
73

13
-

2

128
23
29
28
1
64

9
22
11

3

59
17
42

57

21

34

7
14

13
21

13

45
12
-

4

5

25
-

32

5

2

2

22

36
16

21

31

4

23

6
1

2

11

2

4

20
2

10

8
2

5

i

38
46
3
10
32

29
6
2

_

_

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
1

19
13
-

17

10

43
8
35
24
-

-

-

-

4

20
15
5
1
4

21
18
3
1
1

1

1

_

1
1

1

-

-

5

_

-

5
-

-

-

2

-

1

1

6

1
-

1

6

-

1

_

_

_

i
i

1
1
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N e w a rk a n d J e r s e y C ity , N. J. , F e b r u a r y 1963)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OFWeekly
Weekly
hours I earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

s
s
s
40.00 *45.00 50.00 55.00 10.00 65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 *00£0 * 05.00 * 10.00 * 1 5 .0 0 120j00 *25.00 *30.00 1*35.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00
and
and
under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125j 130.00 135J10 140.00 145.00 i50.oq 155.00
00

Women— Continued
C lerk s, ord er ________________
Manufacturing _____________
Nonmanufacturing ------------W holesale trade ________
Retail trade 4 __________

572
315
257
120
71

38.
38.
37.
38.
37.

0
0
5
0
5

$ 74.
79.
69.
73.
61.

50
00
50
00
50

C lerks, payroll ______________
Manufacturing _____________
Nonmanufacturing _________
Retail trade 4 __________
Finance 3 _______________
S ervices ________________

826
556
270
53
62
58

38.
38.
38.
38.
37.
38.

0
5
0
0
5
5

86.
87.
85.
89.
88.
83.

50
00
50
00
00
00

C om ptom eter operators _____
Manufacturing _____________
Nonmanufacturing _________
Public utilities 2 _______
W holesale trade ________
Retail trade 4 __________

658

371
44
125
129

38.
38.
38.
36.
39.
37.

0
0
0
5
0
0

82.
82.
82.
87.
84.
78.

00
00
50
00
50
50

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(M im eograph or Ditto) _____
Nonmanufacturing _________

107
72

38. 0
37. 5

68. 00
63. 50

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s A .
Manufacturing _____________
Nonmanufacturing _________
Public utilities 2 _______
F in a n ce3 _______________

757
399
358
89
214

38.
38.
38.
38.
37.

5
5
0
5
0

83. 50
84. 50
82. 00
91.50
77. 50

-

-

9

10

Keypunch op era tors, cla s s B ___________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade ___________________
Finance 3 __________________________

976
393
583
71
305

37.
38.
37.
39.
37.

5
0
0
5
0

70. 00
72.50
68. 00
84. 00
65. 00

_

_

-

-

33
6
27

150
28
112

-

-

-

-

23

O ffice g ir ls ___________
Manufacturing ____
Nonmanufacturing
F in a n ce3 _______

325
83
242
96

38.
38.
37.
37.

0
5
5
5

62. 50
67. 00
61.00
57. 00

-

6

-

-

69
10
59
59

S ecreta ries ___________
Manufacturing ____
Nonmanufacturing
P ublic utilities 2
W holesale trade
Retail t r a d e 4 __
F in a n ce 3 ----------S ervices ________

4, 793
2, 648
2, 145
436
242
98
685
684

38.
38.
37.
37.
38.
39.
36.
38.

0
5
5
0
5
0
5
0

98. 50
99. 00
98. 50
101.50
102. 50
94. 00
9 2 . 00
102. 50

-

Stenographers, general
Manufacturing ______
Nonm anufacturing —
Public u tilit ie s 2 _
W holesale trade
Finance 3 ________
S ervices _________

2, 496
1, 054
1, 442
337
165
585
332

38.
39.
37.
37.
38.
37.
37.

0
0
5
0
0
5
0

78. 50
81.00
77. 00
80. 50
78. 50
70. 50
84. 00

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




ZFT

3

20

13

-

-

-

3

20

-

-

3

20

13
5
8

26
5
21
15
6

_

_

-

-

-

29
12
17
2

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

4

_

3
1
2

-

-

-

4

8
2
6

-

-

10
1
9
2

-

-

-

2

4

-

-

.

46
26
20
15
5

77
33
44
5
1

88
12
76
44
16

48
37
11
9
2

175
153
22
15
3

21
18
3

49

39
28
11
5

46

89
63
26
3
11
-

40
2
6
25

26

23
4
2
-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

130
100
30
7
12
11

87
40
47
2
3
26

126
82
44
2
14
11

87
80
7
2
3
-

48
28
20
7
5
1

34
23
11
8

17
17

10
2

-

-

-

5

-

-

17
10
7
5
2

3
2

_

_

_

3

_

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

81
50
31
2
7
16

148
6$
85
6
34
32

72
44
28
1
18
8

56
25
31
5
12
7

35
10
25
6
3
8

44
4
40
12
7
8

16
3
13

16
13
3
1
2

6
1
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

8

2

3

35
7
28

89
48
41
4
30

158
118
40
7
32

105
51
54
1
40

79
44
35
8
26

108
38
70
38
28

89
69
20
8
6

37
13
24
20

11
5
6
1

156
95
61
13
31

100
39
61
8
17

39
23
16
4
8

101
67
34
13
14

32
9
23
14

13
1
12
12

5
3
2
2

19
15
4
2

14
4
10
-

8
6

6

-

-

1

-

-

215
122
93
6
22
2
39
24

416
249
167
43
19
17
49
39

573
315
258
51
14
5
109
79

548
271
277
26
34
13
147
57

507
267
240
71
8
10
47
104

544
269
27 5
30
64
95
85

322
128
194
23
10
92
60

354
213
141
64
16
24
35

140
63

67
30
37
20
4
2
10

6
5
1

3

1

2

6
4

-

13
3

2
2

10

20
1
11

-

5

-

-

22
126
26

61

219
84
135
5
92

42
7
35
18

86
13
73
2

74

18

40
29
11
1

100
59

28
46
5

75
35

-

-

-

3
2
-

3
15

3
7

-

'

2
22
10

124
69
55
10
10
2
32
1

105
3
102
22
5
75

160

222
78
144
31
8
73
31

360
163
197
22
6
138
22

-

5
-

_

-

27

-

-

27

-

-

-

-

-

27

"

-

-

.

9

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

5
5

20

12
-

-

-

9
6

-

-

2

-

15
12

10

-

-

17
8

9

12

-

17
11

-

12

-

8
8

19
19

-

_

8

3
-

3

-

6
4

9
6

58
32
26
4
8
6

_

-

4

5
1

-

30
18
12
4
2

29
4
25
3
14
7

-

-

-

36
10
4

6
5
1

-

-

18
-

~

Si

129
46
24
57
2

74

38
36
2

2

77
43

13
2
19

684
392

-

11
2

52
6
10
94
130

410
184
226
78
43
10
34
61

132
54
78
27
6

45
12
33
8
7

45

18

292

3
1

_

6
5
1
1

-

-

-

330
231
99
19
28
4
11
37
9
2
7
2
5

259
167
92
23
13
5
20
31
9
8
1
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

81
48
33
6
4

50
21
29
6
2

22
4
18
7
4

12

-

25
4
21
5
5
5

1
1

236
141
95
16
8
3
26
42

_

140
86
54
13
20
1
6
14

5

7
-

8
15

-

4

2
-

21

3

-

.

12
5

7
1
_
-

-

1

5

6

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J. , F e b r u a r y 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

N ber
um
of

%

W
eekly 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00
W
eekly^
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 $5.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

s
*1500 *2000 *2500 *3000 *3500 *14000 *14500 1*5000 15500
and
100J00 10500 11000 11500 12000 12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000 15500

*9500 IOOj O 10500
O

*1 1 0 0 0

Women— Continued
Stenographers, sen ior _________ __ ___
Manufacturing --------- — — — __
Nonmanufacturing _____ __
~ __
W holesale trade — — — — — __

908
509
399
36
102
163

38. 5
39. 0
38. 0

$88. 50
89. 50
87. 50

37. 5

_
-

_
-

_
-

32
13
19

75
49
26

5
3
2

21

Sw itchboard op era to rs _________________
Manufacturing ___
— __ __
Nonmanufacturing __

730
232
498

38. 5
38. 5
38. 5

79. 50
81. 50
78. 00

-

14
14

13
1
12

43
4
39

47
7
40

77
33
44

W holesale trade ----------------------------

90

37! 5

85. 50

_

_

_

_

10

2

6

6

2

27

93

2

27

38.0

78. 00

.

330

38.0

77.00

_

-

137

38. 0

78. 00

_

_

_

_

— __

73

38. 0

75. 00

-

-

-

1

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s A ____________

W holesale trade ____
S ervices —

__

— — — —

4

_
16

-

-

-

8
8

2
-

278

36.0

67. 50

-

-

3

56

72

42

5
5

.

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p erators,
general ------------------ — __ ____
M anufacturing
— __ __
~ __
Nonm anufacturing — — — — — —

650
343
307

38. 0
38. 5
37. 5

72. 00
74. 00
70. 00

-

T y p ists, c la s s A ------ — — — __ — —

1, 387

39. 0

78. 50

.

11
2

7

8

14

39
10

22

4
1
3

12
$
6

_

5

8
8

22
19

10

42

3

10

7

15

3

-

-

-

5

46

13

14

6

3

5

1

-

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

7

84

10
6
15

_

_

25

_

3

4

9
5

34
33

4
2

14
6

6
6

18
8

10
5

2
-

-

-

3
3

1
-

32

54

8

8

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
11
21

58
12
46

48
36
12

-

11
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

119
59
60

43

70
58
12

13
3

4

1

_

.

.

.

59

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

44
7
37

78
24
54

101
70
31

166
116
50

112

150

216

347
258
89

158
92
66

121

58

5
12

20
31
6

1

15

6
8

6

5

49

31
25

31

-

4

1

151
84
67

49
20
29

40
12
28

17
13
4

_

11

9

4

10

16

80. 00

3 9 .0

78. 50

-

-

-

3 7 .5

38. 5
37. 0

65. 50
69. 50
63. 50

17
17

69
69

440
36
404

556
109
447

664
249
415

38. 5

67. 50

20

25

10

46

31

9

5

29

371

_

-

5
4

33

25

_

6

8

68

19
142
94
48

14
8

82
56
26

38. 5
37 5

5 14

37

29

49
23

442
241
201

264
138
126

14

589
309
280
39
18

20

27
6

53

26

17

21

11

24

177
63
114
98

11

_

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Excludes lim ite d -p ric e variety s to re s.
Includes 2 w ork ers at $35 to $40.




_

3

14

_

3

29

17

1
2
3
4
5

_

7
22

41
26
15

25
1

11

-

71. 50

_

6
24

_

10

42

-

35. 5

_

34
20

_
_
-

21

9

91. 00
88. 00

209

_

8
4
4

9

47

38. 5
38. 5

W holesale trade ____________ ____

4

22
6
16

15

8

107
75

3, 475
1, 274
2, 201
279
158

_
_

14
3
11

118
20
98
66

7

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s C -------- —
— — — — — —

Typists, cla s s B ____________________ __
M anufacturing ____
____
___ __
Nonmanufacturing — —

_

_
.

21
12
9

86
47
39

35

99. 00

— — — — — — —

_

-

76
50
26

67

76
17

38. 5

S erv ices ----

_

-

114
70
44

102

199

91

75
277
167

_

-

208
168
40

78
31
47

187
94
93

Tabulating-m achine o p erators,
c la s s B ------------------ __ __ __ __ __ __
M anufacturing ______ ____ __ __ __

W holesale trade __________________

_

120
51
69

15
45

833

Nonm anufacturing ___

72
23
49

119
39
80
6
n
39

1

166
Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ____

85
41
44

98. 00

9
9

9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , N ewark and J e r s e y City, N .J., F e b ru a ry 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

S
S
S
s
s
75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 *95.00 S
100.00 *05.00 h o o o * 1 5X)0 i 2 aoo 12500 i 3 aoo 13 5.00 140.00 *45.00 15000 *55.00 160.00 1*65.00 17Q00 *17500 18Q00 185.00
and
75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 13 0.00 13 5.00 140.00 145.00 15000 15 500 16000 165.00 17000 17500 18000 18500

Weekly, Weekly Under 70.00
hours * earnings 1
and
(Standard) (Standard) 70.00 under

Men

39.5 $158.00
39.5 155.50
40.0 163.00

Draftsm en, leader ______________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

229
155
74

Draftsm en, senior ______________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

1, 054
747
307
207

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

882
519
363
291

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

97.50
94.50
100.50

313
260
53

39.5
39.5
38.0

105.50
106.00
103.00

Draftsm en, j u n i o r ________
M anufacturing _________
Nonmanufacturing _____
S e r v i c e s ____________

1 2 9 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

136.50
130.50

1 0 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

23
15

-

8

-

29
29

-

.
-

8

4
4
4

.
-

.
-

.
-

14
4
4

17
10
7
7

55
55

13

30
26
4

9
9

10

-

.
-

24
24

35
35

18
17

67
48
19
18

288
87

25
19

40
34

6

6

32
27
5

210
192

201
200

25
25
63
13
50

Ill
95
16
16

94
91
3

85
59
26

23

22

83
69
14
10

11

1
22

14

3
8
5

22

22

123
106
17
16

209
97

7
5

13
11
2

26
24
2

14
8
6

35
13
22

9
3
6

20
8
12

21

13
8

_

-

2

112
102

79
58
21
8

35
10
25

49
38
11

20

5
15

14
4

40
33
7

5
3

2

134
81
53
45

22
21
1

10

_

-

-

4
4

n

r~
-

2
2

2

_

10

_

_

_

_

_

10

2

Women
N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) ________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

2
-

-

2

11
2

32
21
11

47
44
3

15
7

18
4

8
6
2

13
12
1

3
3

2
2

-

13
13

Standard hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.




-

_

10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1963)

N ber
um
of

O ccupation and industry division

Average
earnings 1
(Standard)

B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine) -------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g _____________ -— --------------------- — ---N on m a n u fa ctu rin g-------------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 ___________ _— -----------■-------------

322
193
129
89

$74.00
70.50
78.50
79.50

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m a c h in e )___— --------

168
58
110
52

68.50
69.50
68.00
64.50

302
T l'7
185

79.00
85.50
75.00

Nonmanufacturing ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ —
Retail trade 3 _____
_
_ --------

- -----— -

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, cla s s A -------------Manufacturing __
____
_ ---- — -------------

764
400
364
95
214

83.50
84.50
82.00
92.00
77.50

Keypunch o p e ra to rs, cla s s B _______________________
75.00
73.00
Manufacturing _________________ _ _________ —____
Nonmanufacturing ________ ___________ ___ ________
75.50 1
W holesale trade _______________ ______________
79.00
70.50

994
404
590

70.00
72.00
68.50

61.00
67.50
60.00
73.50
56.50

824
240
584
75
282

63.50
64.50
63.00
74.50
60.00

Public utilities 2 _______________________________
Finance 4 ------------------------------------------------ -----------

413
149
264
34
160

— —
—

-----

Public utilities 2 _ _ ----------- -----------Finance ------------------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta b le.




1. 098
189
909
37
649

n? "n

Keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la s s A
Manufacturing ____-___ - __
N on m an u factu rin g________
Public utilities 2 ______
F in an ce4 ______________

—---------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________ —
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g________________________________
W holesale trade
-------— -------- —
R etail trade 3 __________________________________
F in a n ce4 ----------------------- — --------- S e r v ic e s _
_
_ _ ----- —
_ —

_

84.50
84.50
84.50

70.50
68.00

79.50
83.00
77.00
72.00
72.50
71.50
68.50

—

906
483
423

138
96

1, 664
685
979
72
158
292
93

—

C le rk s, p a y r o l l ____
Manufacturing ___
Nonmanufacturing
R etail trade 3 _
F in a n ce 4 _____
S e rv ice s _____

$59.50
63.50
57.00
54.00

D uplicating-m achine o p era tors
(M im eograph or Ditto) _________________________ ___
N o n m an u factu rin g_______________________________

Public u tilities 2 _______________________________
W holesale trade ___
_
-------— -----Finane e 4 _
_ ---_ — - ----------S e rv ice s _ —
_
------ —
------------------

-

C lerk s, o rd e r _______
M a n u fa ctu rin g____
Nonmanufacturing .
W holesale trade
R etail trade 3 _

423
161
262
164

82.50
82.00

98.00
99.50
97.50
103.00
122.00
85.50
100.00

--------

N on m an u factu rin g_________ .._____________________
F in a n ce 4 ______________________________________

665
288

1, 206
465
741
136
141
321
98

N onm anufacturing __
-----_ -----W holesale trade _____________________________ —
F in a n ce 4 ________ ____________________________—

C le rk s, file , c la s s C ____________________ _____-____

C om ptom eter op e ra to rs ____________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____—__________________________
Public u tilities 2 ______________________________
W holesale t r a d e ____. . . . ---------------------------------Retail trade 3 ____________________________ _____

O ffice boys and g ir ls .
M a n u fa ctu rin g____
Nonm anufacturing .
Public u t ilit ie s 2
F in an ce4 ______

Number
of
workers

earnings 1
(Standard)

4, 849
2, 692
2, 157
448
242
98
685
684

$99.00
99.00
98.50
101.50
102.50
94.00
92.00
102.50

2, 512
1.057
1,455
350
165
585
332

79.00
81.00
77.50
81.50
78.50
70.50
84.00

Stenographers, sen ior __________ _____ ____ - _________
Manufacturing __________________________ ________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________ __________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2 _______________________________
W holesale trade _______________________________

917
514
403
38
102
165

89.00
89.50
87.50
86.00
98.00
85.00

Sw itchboard op era tors
Manufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
__
Public u tilities 2 _____________________________________
W holesale trade ______________________ ____________
R etail tr a d e 3 __ _______ ________ ________ _
F inane e 4 ____ _________________________ _______
S erv ices _______________________________________________

732
232
500
112
90
73
166
59

79.50
81.50
78.50
92.00
85.50
68.50
72.00
71.50

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists ___________________
Manufacturing
____
_________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________ ___ __ _____
Public u t ilit ie s 2 ________________________ __________
W holesale trade __________________ ________________
F in a n ce4 _____________ ___________________ _ ______
S e rv ice s _________________ _______________ ____ ________

833
503
330
48
137
58
73

78.00
78.50
77.00
81.50
78.00
74.00
75.00

Tabulating-m achine op e r a to r s , c la s s A _ ________
Manufacturing _________ _____________
__ ___
Nonmanufacturing ______ ________________________
F in a n ce4 _ ___________________________________

372
196
176
116

105.00
102.50
108.00
103.00

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, c la s s B ____________
Manufacturing _____________ _______________ ____
Nonmanufacturing _____ _______________ _____
Public u t ilit ie s 2 _____________ ____ _ __ ______
F in a n ce4 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

484
237
247
50
131

94.00
92.50
95.00
102.50
90.00

Tabulating-m achine o p era tors, c la s s C
Manufacturing _______
__ ___________ __________
Nonmanufacturing ______ ______________ _______________
F in an ce4 __________ _________________ __ ________

449
126
323
57

71.50
77.50
69.00
72.00

O ccupation and industry d ivision

O ffice occupations— Continued

87.00
89.00
89.00
83.00

70.00
76.50
66.00
75.50
62.50

Manufacturing ____

Average
weekly
earnings
(Standard)

292
53
69
58

846
293
553
104
378

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s B _

_

Number
of

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations

Manufacturing _____

O ccupation and industry division

_____ ___ _______
Manufacturing .
Nonmanufacturing _______
_______ ___________ _
Public u t ilit ie s 2 ______ ____ ____________ __
W holesale trade _____ ___________ __________
Retail trade 3 ____________ _____________ _
F inane e 4
S erv ices ______________________________________________
Stenographers, general
Manufacturing __________________ __________
. _____
Nonmanufacturing _______________________ __ _____ ______
Public u t ilit ie s 2 _____________________________________
W holesale trade ______
__________ ____
S erv ices

------------------------------------------------------------------------

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combinedj---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Newark and J e r s e y City, N .J., F eb ru a ry 1963)

N ber
um
of
workers

O ccupation and industry division

w ek e
V r ly
e
earnings
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

—

652
345
307
182

$72.00
74.00
70.00
67.50

Typists, cla ss B _ __ ______________

___________

W holesale t r a d e __________ _________________
Retail tr a d e 3 _ ________ ___________ ____ __
1,420
8T5~
604

1
2
3

____

__ __

78.50
79.50
77.00

76
277
167

Average
w
eekly l
earnings
(Standard)

1,070

$129.00

316

136.50
131.00

911
523

98.00
94.50

320

105.50

P ro fe s s io n a l and technical occupations—
Continued

______________

Nonmanufacturing __ ______________

N ber
um
of

O ccupation and industry division

O ffice occupations— Continued

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs, general _____ ___

W holesale trade __ __ __ __ ____

Average
earnings *
(Standard)

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

O ccupation and industry division

3, 559
1, 287
2, 272
305
160
71
1, 492
244

$66.00
69.50
64.00
75.50
68.00
61.50
60.00
72.00

234
156
78

158.00
155.50
162.50

Nonmanufactur ing _________________________________

P ro fe ssio n a l and technical occupations

80.50 D raftsm en, leader __ __ __ __ ___________ ________
74.50
78.50

102.50

Earnings relate to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Excludes lim ite d -p ric e v ariety sto re s.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r m en in s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Newark and J e rs e y City, N. J., F eb ru ary 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$ , s
$
$
$
$
Average Under $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $
2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 *3.50 *3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 *4.60 *4.80
hourly
and
earnings1 $
and
1.80 under
1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 over

O ccupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

C arpenters, maintenance _ __ ____ __
Manufacturing
_________________ __
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_ _
________
Public utilities 2 _________________

648
479
169
92

$3.05
3.01
3.17
2.86

_
-

7
7
-

_
-

2
2
-

_
*

6
6
-

7
7
-

2
2
-

68
45
23
23

86
52
34
34

42
40
2
2

36
33
3
3

35
33
2
-

87
70
17
-

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance _____________
M anufacturing ______ __ ________ __
Non manufacturing ___________________

1. 302
1, 115
187

3.19
3.16
3.38

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

11
4

5
4

7

i

_
-

23
19
4

40
39
1

81
81
-

55
41
14

52
49
3

135
129
6

156
111
45

130
124
6

E n gin eers, stationary ____ __ __ __ __
M anufacturing
____ __ ________ __
Nonmanufacturing __ __ __ __ __ __

792
582
210

3.45
3.44
3.46

-

11
11

8

-

-

-

10

-

-

38
38
-

38
27
11

17
14
3

12
12
-

24
21
3

46
45
1

59
54
5

S ervices ______ __ __ __ __ __ __

50

2.85

-

-

ii

-

-

10

-

-

-

3

-

1

4

15

5

8

70

^70
-

60
n s
32
27

8
8
-

90
90

.
-

9
9
3

195
190

5

128
116
12

125
124
i

36
34
2

59
59

98
57
41

62
51
11

68
56
12

21
21
-

15

4

2

9

*

______
See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




15

8
1
7
-

5
5
-

114

58
56

.
-

.
-

9
9
-

8
8
-

8
8
-

9
9
-

i
1
-

1
1

54
34
20

1
1
-

6
6

57
57
-

25
25

58
58
-

-

6

-

'

12

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerpiant Occupations-----Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b r u a r y 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings1

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

Under 1. 80 1. 90 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2.70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.40 3. 50
and
$
1. 80 under
1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2.70 2. 80 2.90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 3. 60

4
2
2

13
13

63
56
7

37
31
6

14
14
-

50
45
5

48
30
18

41
28
13

33
33

34
34

22
22

-

39
30
9

49
49

58

32

45
45

103

67

143

13

115

44

52
52

9

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

10
10

5
5

2
2

26
26

29
29

25
25

12
12

30
30

19
19

88
88

3. 17
3. 17

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

5
-

-

-

9
8

34
34

27
27

159
159

65
59

74
73

172
172

27
24

191
191

1, 199
283
916

2. 99
3. 27
2. 90

3
3

5
5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

13
4
9

12
12

54
8
46

272
6
266

231
6
225

88
57
31

109
19
90

62

-

9
9

4

8

8

10

5

5

5

89
79
10

92
85
7

186
183
3

12
9
3

40
29
11

256
245
11

602
553
49

-

4
4

38
38

10
7

536
434
102

$ 2 . 90
2.91
2. 87

4
4
-

2

-------------------

742

2. 37

10
10

2

M ach in e-tool o p era tors, to o lro o m -------M anufacturing ---------------------------- -----------

455
455

3. 17
3. 17

M achinists, m aintenance ----------------------Manufacturing _______________________

1, 733
1,682

M echanics, autom otive (maintenance) —
Manufacturing ________ —
— — .
Nonmanufacturing ------ — —

8
8

8
8

W holesale trade

--------

—

$

$

$

$

4. 80
and

3. 80 4. 00 4. 20 4. 40 4. 60 4. 80 over

-

2
2

2
2

6
6

4
4

299
299

7
3

33
2

2
2

72
5
72 ------F~

71
30
41

30
28
2

26
24
2

_

25
25

_

-

2

2

-

-

136
128
8

111
54
57

38
29
9

22
9
13

2
1
1

113
105
8

16
16

56
53

51
51

_

_

_

_

_

_

8

-

-

-

-

-

36
26

-

-

‘

X /lannfa r t n r i n o
M r T n r » ii f a t,frir» o
u tilitiJ p 2

$

3.60 *3. 80 4. 00 4. 20 4. 40 4.60

2

F irem en, stationary b o ile r ------------------M anufacturing ---— —
— — Nonmanufacturing -------------------- ----------H elpers, m aintenance trades

$

32
32

161
161

340
340

212
212

160
30
130

29
10
19

78
56
22

24
21
3

-

-

-

12
12
-

-

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

.

-

-

-

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

22
22

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

67

2. 91

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

9

M echanics, m aintenance ----------------------Manufacturing ___
___
— Nonmanufacturing ------ — — __ — _

1, 750
1, 542
208

3. 18
3. 17
3. 23

_

_

2

-

-

2
2

2

6
6
"

4
4
"

14

-

6
4
2

14

17
17
“

M illw rights ------- — — — — — — ___
M anufacturing ----------------- — — — _

237
231

3. 12
3. 12

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

21
21

36
36

O ilers
M anufacturing ------- — — ------- — -

291
275

2. 66
2. 63

4
4

_

7
4

7
7

44
44

8
8

13
13

40
39

54
50

40
40

_

26
26

_

-

18
18

_

-

P ainters, m aintenance --------------------------M anufacturing ----------- ------- ------- —
N onm anufacturing ------ —

440
316
124

2. 96
2. 90
3. 13

_

_

_

6
6
-

44
32
12

68
62
6

41
38
3

45
43
2

68
68
-

38
24
14

12
9
3

16
7
9

23
8
15

7

3

17

_

_

_

_

-

27
14
13

7

-

4
4
-

_

-

13

7

7

3

17

-

-

-

-

P ip efitters, m aintenance --------- — ----M anufacturing ___
—
— N onm anufacturing -----------------------------

1, 032
902
130

3. 21
3. 15
3. 61

-

-

1
1

17
17

55
55

62
62

57
56
1

50
50
-

120
120
-

181
178
3

141
141
-

61
43
18

207
148
59

1
1
-

36

-

-

-

-

-

29
16
13

-

-

14
14
-

-

36

-

-

P lum bers, m aintenance -----------------------N onm anufacturing:

65

2. 96

8

_

1

2

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

6

41

2. 73

Sheet-m etal w ork ers,
m aintenance -----------------------------------------M anufacturing ------- — — — — — -

183
174

3. 18
3. 18

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

T ool and die m akers — — — — — — M anufacturing _______________________

1, 740
1, 486

3. 22
3. 21

119
119

177
177

28
28

_

_

_

_

_

*

13

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

9

37
30

13
13
16
16

i

Excludes prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




-

.

3
1

12
12

3
2

11
11

57
52

33
33

21
21

29
29

39
39

49
49

98
82

109
73

285
282

321
315

104
93

190
98

205
115

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J ., F e b r u a r y 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation

1

and industry division

Num
ber
of

Elevator o p era tors, passenger
(men) _________________ _______ _____
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

143
To5“

E levator o p era tors, passenger
(wom en) _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Retail tr a d e 4 _____________________

227
225
52

Guards and watchmen __________________
M anufacturing __________ _____________
Guards ________________ ____ ______
W atchmen ________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$ , $
S ,
hourly 2 Under 1 . 1 0 1 . 2 0 S1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 *3.40 *3.50
and
earnings^ $
and
under
1.10
1.20
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 over

3, 099
1, 332
699
633
1, 767

-

1.54
1.53
1.34
1.84
2.21

2.36
2.05
1.57

Janitors, p orters, and clea n ers
(men) __ _____________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 5 _________________
W holesale trade ________________
R etail tr a d e 4 ______________ ______
F in a n ce 6 ____________ ___________
S ervices __________________________

4, 893
2, 913
1. 980
430
131
266
294
859

Janitors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(wom en) _______________________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u t ilit ie s 5 ___ ____________

793
243
550
169

1.66

L a b orers, m aterial handling __________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 5 _________________
W holesale trade _________________
Retail trade 4 _____________________

, 712
4, 692
4, 020
2, 815
626
473

2.54
2.56
2.52
2.63

O rder fille r s ___________________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _ ________________
W holesale trade _________________
Retail trade 4 _____________________

2, 139

P ack ers, shipping (men) ____________ _
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

1,005

2 .00

2.16
1.75
2.27
1.91
1.51
1.75
1.55

1793
1.55
1.65

8

3

-

-

3

-

$1.97
1.81

'

2

30
30
-

18
18
7

24
24
24

_
-

315
315

524
l6
16
508

64
64
24
40
17
17
15
15

129
21

108
6

167
4
163
70

2
2

11

8

-

-

11

8

8

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

*

-

_
19
4
- ■ 15

__ _

159

1.81

_

_

R eceiving cle r k s _______________________
Manufacturing
______________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________ _
W holesale trade _____ __________
R etail tr a d e 4 __ _________________

561
345
216
72
94

2.38
2.41
2.33
2.27
2.31

3
3

-

-

4




61
43
14
29
18

8

25

191

210

191
25
166

142
54

12
12

_
16

40

25
70
- — re54
25
-

1.98

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble,

111

10

88

2

11

3

245
35

70

119

P ack ers, shipping (wom en) ______

2

32
4
28
79
280
105
175
22

9
57
87

163
49
28 — T
47
135
15
60

-

-

-

2

2

29
14
14
15

180
130
48
82
50

124
92
35
57
32

51
42
14
28
9

240
223
58
165
17

321
130
191
7
17
7
56
104

237
83
154

314
197
117

2

8

15
31
32
74

14
29
43
23

215
19

15
14

196

1

29

1

54
54

9
-

139
95
44

271
209
62

205
192
13

33

-

-

-

32
32

-

-

-

253
213

100

150
91
73
18
59

117
59
59
58

147
134
106
28
13

100

19
3
16

-

6

60
60
-

17
17
-

41

33
33

2

2

6

-

-

5

21
20
1

2

1

-

-

2

9

23
18
5

10

49
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

41
41
*

52
42

27
25

10

82
49
18
31

14
14
14
-

_
-

-

.
-

-

-

-

_
-

'

57
57

*

-

42
42

22
22

-

-

77
77

-

-

-

2

10

291
248
43
28
2

2

2

1

7

568
471
97
89
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

757
423
334
235

182
71

18
14
4
-

44
44
-

84
84
-

-

28
28
-

_
-

678
7 678
-

74

1

1695
427
1268
1075
54
134

1325
545
780
748

20

1132
414
718
559
143

25

108

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
5

187
108
79
55
-

558
119
439
418
-

124

399
171
228
7

250
126
124

25
10

6
6

_
-

58
58

-

-

-

123

15
15

-

221

50
50
-

-

_
-

99
99
-

65
55

140
140
*

102

99
3

13
13
-

11
11

8
8

-

-

7
7
-

4
4
-

73
49
24

22

17

21

11

8

8

9

38
33
5

4
3

13

3
3
-

9

13

5

1

100

90

55
44

12

8

21

10

11

50

37

2
2

8

2

1

5
4

32

105

11

26

6

20

30
30

47
31
16

102

1

5
5

6
-

8
-

4

1
-

21

20

16

11

8

4

l

1

10

ll
9

8

4

l

1

1

7

1

2

6

-

70
49

-

2
2

6

526
207
319
191
115
-

97
89

4

41
35

'

45
33

7

77
52
25

394
621
256 —59?
138
25
5
124
7
-

2

20
21

177
100

27
27

152
129
23

7
5
4

83
74
9
17

42

8

323
295
28
18

126
96
30
24
-

9

17

35

54
50
4
46

40
31
9
9
-

12

87
15
72
70

91
40

45
51

30

3
3
-

21

2

122

2

21

91
-

-

2

6

2

4

-

9

60

8
1

3

-

672
396
276
213
5
14

546
431
115

9
12

22

1

-

298
240
58
16
5

280
183
97
5
5
35
52

38

17

2

19
19

10
8

27
36

11

5
5

1

99
74
25

28
17

1

98
76

63
63

-

14
14

10

10

-

—

25
25

2

92

_
-

886“

46
46

6

2.32

960

43
43
7

87

2.55
2.58
2.53
2.40
2.75

1, 179
652
462

-

14
14

-

-

2.34

8

47
47

102

15

2.21

199

1
1

-

33

5
5
2

5
3

10
6

20
1

3
-

3

8
1

-

10

20

104
17
87

111
2

1

-

10
10

-

.
*

1
1
-

8
8

-

5
73
25
48
15
17

10
2

11

1

2
8

-

-

4
4

2
2
-

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J. , F e b r u a r y 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
Average
hourly , Under 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50
earnings'1 $
and
and
under
1 .10
1. 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0 3 . 2 0 3. 30 3.40 3. 50 over

Shipping clerk s -------- ----------------- -------Manufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

321
226
95

$ 2. 56
2. 58
2. 50

Shipping and receivin g cle r k s ---------------M anufacturing ------------- ------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------- ---------

457
276
181

2. 50
2. 45
2. 57

628
915
713
094
252
166

3.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

T ru ck d riv ers, light (under
1V2 tons) ___________________________
Manufacturing ---- — — — --------

465
152

T ru ck d rivers, m edium (I V 2 to
and including 4 tons) ---------- -----------Manufacturing ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------- --------

T r u c k d r iv e r s 8 --------------------------------------M anufacturing -------------- ------- -------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public u tilit ie s 5 ------ ------- -------W holesale trade ----------------- -------S erv ices --------- — — ------- — —

8,
2,
5,
4,
1,

07
40
90
98
69
53

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

21

17
4

-

16
15
1

26
26
-

53
33
20

13
13
-

70
69
1

48
9

53
49
4

40
11
29

77
77
-

86
1
85

58
42
16

13
10
8 -------rl
5
10

126
21
105
95
10

118
75
43
1
38
4

53
50
3
3
-

308
24
284
86
190
7

498
169
329
2
228
99

627
239
388
189
198
1

999
57
942
822
100
20

22

56
49

15
5

15
8

4

375
103
272

523
186
337

807
25
782
762

178

161

50
50

30
30

47
40
7

30

12
4

22
2

8

20

9
8
1

57

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

8
8
2

9
9
-

29
26
3
-

5
2

-

4
4
-

3

-

3

13
10
3

50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2. 73
2. 39

-

-

-

-

-

6

8

-

17
14

5

4
4

6
-

59
58

3

2

3, 946
1, 536
2, 410

3. 05
3. 50
2. 77

-

12

-

-

75
21

38
14
24

6
6
-

513

2. 57

3, 016
654
2, 362

3. 16
3. 37
3. 10

t ad

’ 188

2. 76

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) ------------------

620

2. 70

45

18

5

130

35

Nonm anufacturing -------- — — —
W holesale trade -----------------------

526
398

2. 70
2. 62

45
45

18
18

"

115
115

20
20

T ru ck ers, pow er (forklift) ------------- ---M anufacturing ---- — — — — — —
Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------

2, 378
1, 768
610

2. 66
2. 62
2. 77

253
253
-

167
155
12

135
135
-

185
136
49

196
196

W holesale trade ---------------------------Retail trade 4 --------------------------------

175
145

_

T ru ck ers, pow er (other than
fork lift) ------- --------------------------------------M anufacturing
---------------------- — —

279
252

W holesale trade

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

12

54

50

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
M anufacturing ------------------------------N onm anufacturing — — — — —
Wh 1

al

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

12
12

114
104
10

16
3
20
19
1
1162
63
1099
988
75
9

-

-

8
4
4

-

-

6
5
1

8
6
2

22
5
17

2
2

2
2
-

-

-

418 2350
327
196
91 2154
18 1983
73
10
-

123
123
123
-

24
6
18
18
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

487
407
80

800
800
784

174
165
9

-

-

-

- 1 579
0
579
-

33
11
22

50
16
34

53
13
40

172 2222
154
79
18 2143
18 1983

_
-

18
18

14 9 315
14
315
-

16

34

40

34

88

17

191

54

-

3

-

-

-

27
27

81
81

54
54

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

163
35

-

-

179
73
106

358
197
161

424
267
157

111
22
89

3
3

32
32

18

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

1
1

6
6
-

42
42
-

76
76
-

2. 62
2. 79

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

*

30
19

_

-

-

98
8

32
21

83

11

3
-

2

2. 34
2. 32

*

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

30
30

17
17

53

102
101

30
5

3
2

2
2

19
19

15
15

-

-

-

"

"

'

'

53

-

120
-

_

-

-

11
-

_
-

_

38 91164
38 1164
-

18
8

_

12

-

96
-

4

_
-

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
All w ork ers w ere at $ 0. 90 to $ 1.
E xcludes lim ite d -p ric e variety s to re s.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
All w ork ers w ere at $ 3. 70 to $ 3. 80.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a rd le ss o f s ize and type o f truck operated.
All except 105 w ork ers w ere paid under bonus plans.
All w ork ers w ere paid under bonus plans.




-

559
445

19

_

—
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
0

61
9
52

38
11
27

_
-

_

_

-

207
- 7 207
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

'

'

'

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e )—U s e s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i lle r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h in e )—Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

15

16

CLERK , A C C O U N T IN G -C ontinued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B —Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A—
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

C l a s s B —Sorts,

codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss




C—
Performs

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

17
KEYPUNCH O PERATOR
A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
C la ss

coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,

follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECR ETAR Y— C ontinued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

18
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C la ss C —
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in'
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C l a s s A—
Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C l a s s B—
Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

19

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a ­
tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f the fo l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




20
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h ­

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

21
MACHINIST, M A IN TEN A N C E-C ontinued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the wort of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a ry d u t i e s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

22
P IP E F IT T E R , M AIN T EN A N C E-C ontinued

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, M A IN T EN A N C E-C ontinued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W o rk ers p rim a r ily e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

rep a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s a re e x c l u d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d a t g a t e a n d c h e c k o n i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

23
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve

a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m ore o f
the f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a ke
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s are e x c l u d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve
in g :

o n e 'or m ore o f the f o l l o w ­

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
p in g

w ork

in v o lv e s:

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;

routes,

and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­

and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.

barrow.

direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.

L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s are e x c l u d e d .

S h ip ­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight

w ork

in v o lv e s:

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows;

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.




R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c le r k

24
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x c l u d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (f o r k l i f t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l if t )

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er iy 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m

(iy2 to

T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , tra iler t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tra iler t y p e )




WATCHMAN

a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Occupational W age S u rveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y in d ic a t in g d a te s o f e a r l i e r s t u d i e s , and the p r i c e s o f the bu lle tin s
is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U. S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 25, D. C. ,
o r f r o m any o f the BBS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area

B u lle tin
num ber

P rice

A k r o n , O h i o _________________________________
A lb a ny—S c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y . _________
T
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . _____________________
A lle n to w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s to n , P a . —N. J.
Atla nta, G a. ________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . ____________________________
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r , T e x . ____________
B i r m i n g h a m , A la . _________________________
B o i s e , I d a h o _________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . ______________________________

1 303-81
1303-56
1 3 0 3 -6 7
1 3 4 5 -4 5
1 3 0 3 -6 5
1 3 4 5 -2 3
1 3 0 3 -7 8
1 3 0 3 -5 9
1 3 0 3 -7 7
1 3 4 5 -1 5

25
25
25
20
30
25
25
30
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
c e n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts

B u ff a lo , N. Y. _______________________________
B u r lin g to n , V t .______________________________
Canton, O h i o ________________________________
C h a r le s t o n , W. Va. _________________________
C h a r lo tt e , N. C. _____________________________
Ch atta n o o ga , Tenn. —G a. ___________________
C h ic a g o , 111. ________________________________
C in cin n a ti, Ohio—
Ky. ______________________
C le v e la n d , O h i o _____________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h i o _____________________________

1 3 4 5-3 0
1 3 0 3 -5 0
1 3 0 3 -6 2
1303-61
1 3 0 3 -6 0
13 4 5-8
1303-64
1 3 0 3 -5 5
1 3 4 5 -1 4
1 3 4 5 -2 8

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

D a l l a s , T e x . ________________________________
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Isla nd— o lin e , Iowa—111.
M
D ayto n, O h i o ________________________________
D e n v e r , C o lo . ______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa __________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . _______________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . ___________________________
G r e e n B a y, W is . ___________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S. C. ___________________________
H o u s to n , T e x . ' ______________________________

1345-21
1 3 4 5 -1 8
1 3 4 5 -3 5
1 3 4 5 -3 2
1 3 4 5 -4 2
1303-38
13 4 5-2 7
1 3 4 5 -3
1303-70
1 3 0 3 -7 9

25
25
20
25
20
25
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts

I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind. _____________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . ______________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . _____________________
K a n s a s City, M o . —K a ns. ____________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h il l, M a s s . —N. H.
L ittle R o ck —N o rt h L it tle R o c k , A r k .
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . ___
L ou isville, K y .—
Ind. _________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . _________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. ____________________
M e m p h i s , Ten n. ______________________

1 3 4 5 -2 6
1 3 4 5 -4 3
1 3 4 5-3 9
1 3 4 5-2 2
1303-76
1 345-7
1 3 0 3 -5 3
13 0 3-5 1
1303-74
1 3 4 5 -2
1 3 4 5 -3 6

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
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cen ts




Area

Bu lletin
num ber

P rice

M ia m i, F la . __________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is . _____________________________
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n . ______________
M u sk eg on —M u sk e g o n H e ig h ts , M ic h . _____
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity, N. J. _____________
N ew H aven , Conn. ___________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a . ___________________________
N ew Y o r k , N. Y ________________________ _______
N o r fo lk —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N ew s—
H am pton , V a. ______________________________
O k la h om a C ity , O k la . _______________________

1345-33
1 3 0 3 -5 7
1 3 4 5-3 8
1 3 0 3 -6 8
1 3 4 5-4 6
134 5-3 7
1 3 4 5 -4 4
1 3 0 3 -5 8

20
25
25
25
25
20
25
30

1 3 0 3 -7 5
13 4 5-6

20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

O m ah a, N e b r .—Iow a _________________________
P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a i c , N. J. ___________
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — J . ______________________
N.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . _______________________________
P it ts b u r g h , P a . ______________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e _____________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g . —W a sh . _____________________
P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck e t, R. I . —M a s s . ______
P
R a le ig h , N. C. ________________________________
R ich m o n d , V a . _______________________________

1 3 4 5 -1 2
130 3-7 1
1345-31
1 3 0 3 -5 4
1303^35
1 3 4 5 -2 4
1303-72
1303-66
1 3 45-1
1 3 4 5-1 9

20
25
30
25
25
20
25
25
20
20

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

R o c k fo r d , 111. _________________________________
St. L o u is , M o . — l l ____________________________
I
S a lt L ake C ity, U t a h _________________________
San A n to n io , T e x . _____________________________
San B e r n a r d in o —R iv e r s id e —O n ta rio , C a lif.
San D ie g o , C a lif. _________________ ____________
San F r a n c is c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . _____________
O
Savannah, G a. ________________________________
S cra n to n , P a . ________________________________
S e a ttle , W ash . ________________________________

1 3 0 3 -6 9
1 3 4 5-1 7
1 3 4 5 -2 5
1 3 0 3 -6 3
1 3 45-9
1 3 4 5-1 0
1 3 4 5 -3 4
1 3 0 3 -8 0
13 4 5-5
13 4 5-4

30
25
25
25
20
25
25
25
15
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
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ce n ts

S iou x F a lls , S. D ak. _________________________
South B en d, Ind. _____________________________
S p ok a n e, W ash . ______________________________
T o le d o , O h i o __________________________________
T r e n to n , N. J. ________________________________
W a sh in gton , D. C. —M d. —V a . _______________
W a te rb u ry , C onn. ____________________________
W a t e r lo o , I o w a _______________________________
W ic h ita , K a n s. _______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . ___________________________
Y o r k , P a . ................... ..................... ........................... .

1 3 4 5 -1 3
1 3 0 3 -5 2
1 3 0 3-7 3
1 3 0 3 -4 7
134 5-2 9
1 3 4 5-1 6
1 3 0 3 -4 8
134 5-2 0
1345-11
1 3 0 3 -8 2
1345-41

20
25
20
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
20

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
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U/V/,
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P R A^ / 0





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102