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Occupational Wage Survey

M

E M

P H I S ,

T E N N E S S E E

FEBR U A R Y 1956

B L S B u lle tin No. 1 1 8 8 -1 2

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
 James P. Mitchell, Secretary


BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan CIoqu*, Commbsiowr




O c c u p a t i o n a l

W

a g e

S u r v e y

M E M P H IS , T E N N E S S E E




F E BR U A R Y 1956

Bulletin N c. 1188-12

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissioner

M a y 1956
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C

Price 25 cents




Contents
Page
1
3

Introduction__________________________________
W a g e trends for selected occupational groups
Tables:
1: Establishments and w o r k e r s within scope of survey ___________________________________________
2: Indexes of standard w e e k l y salaries for office clerical and average straight-time
hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups, an d percent of increase
for selected periods _______________________________________________________________________ ____

2

3

A: Occupational earnings * A - 1: Office oc c u p a t i o n s _______________________________________________________________________
A - 2: Professional and technical occupations _________________________________________________
A - 3: M a i n tenance and powerplant occupations ________________________________________________
A - 4:
Custodial and m a t e r i a l - m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________________________________

5
7
8
9

B: E s t a b l ishment practices and sup p l e m e n t a r y w a g e provisions * B -1:
Shift differential provisions _____________________________________________________________
B -2:
M i n i m u m entrance rates for w o m e n office w o r k e r s _____________________________________
B-3:
Scheduled w e ekly h o u r s ____________________________________________________________ ______
B-4 :
P a i d holidays ____________________________________________________________________________
B-5:
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________________________________________
B -6:
Health, insurance, and pension plans ___________________________________________________

11
12
13
13
14
16

Appendix:

Job descriptions_____________________________________________________________ i_________________
.

* N O T E : Similar tabulations for m o s t of these items are available in the M e m p h i s a r e a r e ­
ports for N o v e m b e r 1951, January 1953, J a n u a r y 1954, an d F e b r u a r y 1955. T h e 1954 report
also provides tabulations of w a g e structure characteristics, l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s ,
a n d o v e r t i m e pa y provisions. T h e 1955 report also includes data on frequency of w a g e p a y ­
ments, a n d p a y provisions for holidays falling on non w o r k d a y s . A directory indicating date of
study a n d the price of the reports, as well as reports for other m a j o r areas, is available upon
request.
A report on occupational earnings and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e practices in the M e m p h i s area
is also available for p o w e r laundries and dr y cleaners (June 1955). U n i o n scales, indicative
of prevailing pa y levels, are available for the following trades or industries: Building c o n ­
struction, printing, local-transit operating e m ployees, a nd m o t o r t r u c k drivers.



iii

17




Occupational W ago Survey - Memphis, Tenn. *

In tro d u c tio n
The M em p his a re a is one o f se v e ra l im p o rta n t in d u s tria l
c e n te rs in w hich the D e p a rtm e n t of La bo r* s B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tis ­
tic s conducted s u rv e ys o f occup ation al earnings and re la te d wage bene­
fits . In each a re a , data are obtained by pe rson al v is its of B ureau
fie ld agents to re p re s e n ta tiv e estab lish m en ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try
d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c tu rin g ; tra n s p o rta tio n (excluding ra ilro a d s ), c o m ­
m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w holesale tra d e ; re ta il tra d e ;
fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and re a l estate; and s e rv ic e s . M a jo r in d u s try
groups excluded fro m these stu d ie s, besides ra ilro a d s , are governm ent
o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n and e x tra c tiv e in d u s trie s . E s ta b lis h ­
m ents having fe w e r than a p re s c rib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs are o m itte d
also because they fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t em ploym ent in the occupations
stu die d to w a rra n t in c lu s io n .* W herever p o s sib le , separate ta b u la ­
1
tio n s a re p ro v id e d fo r each o f the broad in d u s try d iv is io n s .

O ccupational em p loym en t estim a te s re p re s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e sta b lish m e n ts w ith in the scope of the study and not the num ber a c tu a lly
surve ye d. Because of d iffe re n ce s in occup ation al s tru c tu re among es­
ta b lis h m e n ts , the e stim a te s o f occupational em ploym ent obtained fro m
the sam ple o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied serve o n ly to ind ica te the re la tiv e
im p o rta n c e of the jobs studied. These d iffe re n ce s in occupational
s tru c tu re do no t m a te ria lly a ffe c t the a ccu ra cy o f the earnings data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P ra c tic e s and S upplem entary Wage P ro v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is presen ted also (in the B -s e rie s tables) on se­
le cte d e s ta b lish m e n t p ra c tic e s and sup plem e nta ry be ne fits as they re la te
to o ffic e and p la n t w o rk e rs . The te rm “ o ffic e w o rk e rs , “ as used in
th is b u lle tin , includes a ll o ffic e c le ric a l em ployees and excludes ad­
m in is tra tiv e , e xe cu tive, p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ica l pe rso n n e l. “ P la n t
w o rk e rs *’ includ e w o rk in g fo re m e n and a ll n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o rk e rs (in ­
clud in g leadm en and tra in e e s) engaged in no no ffice fu n ctio n s. A d m in is ­
tra tiv e , exe cu tive , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ica l em ployees, and fo rc e account c o n s tru c tio n em ployees who are u tiliz e d as a separate w o rk
fo rc e a re excluded. C a fe te ria w o rk e rs and ro ute m e n are excluded in
m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s trie s , but are in clu d e d as p la n t w o rk e rs in nonm an­
u fa c tu rin g in d u s trie s .
S h ift d iffe re n tia l data (table B - l) a re lim ite d to m an ufa cturing
in d u s trie s . T h is in fo rm a tio n is presen ted both in te rm s of (a) estab­
lis h m e n t p o lic y 3 presen ted in te rm s o f to ta l p la n t w o rk e r em ploym ent,
and (b) e ffe c tiv e p ra c tic e , presen ted on the ba sis o f w o rk e rs a c tu a lly
em ployed on the sp e cifie d s h ift at the tim e o f the su rve y. In estab­
lis h m e n ts having v a rie d d iffe re n tia ls , the am ount applying to a m a jo rity
was used o r , if no am ount ap plie d to a m a jo rity , the c la s s ific a tio n
“ other** was used.
M in im u m entrance ra tes (table B -2 ) re la te o n ly to the estab­
lis h m e n ts v is ite d . T hey are presen ted on an e sta b lish m e n t, ra th e r
than on an em p loym en t b a s is . Scheduled h o u rs; paid ho lida ys; paid
va cation s; and h e a lth , in s u ra n ce , and pension plans are tre a te d s ta tis ­
tic a lly on the basis tha t these are ap plicab le to a ll p la n t o r o ffice
w o rk e rs if a m a jo rity o f such w o rk e rs are e lig ib le o r m ay eventually
q u a lify fo r the p ra c tic e s lis te d .4 Because of ro un din g, sums of in d i­
vid u a l ite m s in these tab ula tio ns do not n e c e s s a rily equal to ta ls .

These su rve ys a re conducted on a sam ple basis because o f the
un ne cessa ry c o s tin v o lv e d in surve yin g a ll e s ta b lish m e n ts , and to in s u re
p ro m p t p u b lic a tio n o f re s u lts . To obtain a p p ro p ria te a c cu ra cy at m in i­
m u m c o s t, a g re a te r p ro p o rtio n of la rg e than o f s m a ll e stab lish m en ts
is stu d ie d . In co m b in in g the data, ho w ever, a ll e stab lish m en ts are
give n th e ir a p p ro p ria te w e ig h t. E s tim a te s based on the estab lish m en ts
stu die d are p re se n te d , th e re fo re , as re la tin g to a ll estab lish m en ts in
the in d u s try grou pin g and a re a , 2 except fo r those below the m in im u m
size stu die d.
O ccupations and E a rn in g s
The occupations selected fo r study are com m on to a v a rie ty o f
m a n u fa ctu rin g and n o nm a nu factu rin g in d u s trie s . O ccupational c la s s ifi­
ca tio n is based on a u n ifo rm set of job d e s crip tio n s designed to take
account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n in duties w ith in the same jo b
(see appendix fo r lis tin g o f these d e s c rip tio n s ). E a rn in g s data are
p re s e n te d (in the A -s e rie s tables) fo r the fo llo w in g types o f occupa­
tio n s; (a) O ffice c le ric a l; (b) p ro fe ss io n a l and te ch n ica l; (c) m a in te ­
nance and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) cu sto d ia l and m a te ria l m ovem ent.
D ata are shown fo r fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs , i . e . , those h ire d to
w o rk a re g u la r w e e kly schedule in the given occupational c la s s ific a tio n .
E a rn in g s data exclude p re m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on
w eekends, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N onproduction bonuses are e x ­
cluded a ls o , b u t c o s t-o f-liv in g bonuses and ince ntive earnings are in ­
cluded. W here w e e kly h o u rs a re re p o rte d , as fo r o ffice c le ric a l o c ­
cu p a tio n s, re fe re n c e is to the w o rk schedules (rounded to the n e a re s t
h a lf ho u r) fo r w h ich s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s are paid; average w eek­
ly ea rn in g s fo r these occupations have been rounded to the n e a re s t
h a lf d o lla r.

The s u m m a ry o f va ca tio n plans is lim ite d to fo rm a l a rra n g e ­
m e n ts, exclud ing in fo rm a l plans w hereby tim e o ff w ith pay is granted
at the d is c re tio n o f the e m p lo y e r. Separate e stim a te s are provide d
3 A n e s ta b lish m e n t was con sid ere d as having a p o lic y if it m et
e ith e r of the fo llo w in g con dition s: ( l) O perated late s h ifts at the tim e
o f the s u rv e y, o r (2) had fo rm a l p ro v is io n s c o v e rin g late s h ifts .
4 Scheduled w e e kly hours fo r o ffic e w o rk e rs ( fir s t section of
table B -3 ) are presen ted in te rm s o f the p ro p o rtio n o f wom en o ffice
w o rk e rs em ployed in o ffic e s w ith the in d ica te d w ee kly hours fo r women
w o rk e rs .

* T h is re p o rt was p re p a re d in the Bureau* s re g io n a l o ffic e in
A tla n ta , Ga. , by B e rn a rd J . F a h re s , under the d ire c tio n o f L o u is B .
W oytych, R eg io na l Wage and In d u s tria l R elations A n a ly s t.
1 See table 1 fo r m in im u m -s iz e estab lish m en t covered .
2 The ta b u la tio n o f m in im u m entrance rates fo r w om en o ffic e
w o rk e rs re la te s o n ly to p ro v is io n s in establishm ents studied.



1

2

a ccording to e m p lo y e r p ra c tic e in com puting vaca tio n paym ents, such
as tim e pa ym en ts, p e rce n t o f annual e a rn in g s, o r fla t-s u m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tab ula tio ns o f va cation allow ances by ye a rs o f s e rv ic e ,
paym ents not on a tim e ba sis w ere con ve rted ; fo r exam ple, a paym ent
o f 2 p e rc e n t o f annual ea rnings was con sid e re d as the eq u iva le n t o f
1 w eek*s pay.
D ata a re p resen ted fo r a ll h e a lth , in s u ra n ce , and pension
plans fo r w hich at le a s t a p a rt o f the co st is borne by the e m p lo y e r,
excepting o n ly le g a l re q u ire m e n ts such as w o rk m e n ^ com pensation and
so c ia l s e c u rity . Such plans includ e those u n d e rw ritte n by a c o m m e rc ia l
in su ra n ce com pany and those p ro v id e d throu gh a union fund o r paid
d ire c tly by the e m p lo y e r out of c u rre n t o p e ra tin g funds o r fro m a fund
set aside fo r th is purpose. Death b e n e fits a re in clu d e d as a fo rm o f
life in s u ra n ce .
S ickness and accide nt in su ra n ce is lim ite d to tha t type o f in ­
surance under w hich p re d e te rm in e d cash paym ents are m ade d ire c tly
to the in s u re d on a w eekly o r m o n th ly ba sis d u rin g illn e s s o r accide nt
d is a b ility . In fo rm a tio n is presen ted fo r a ll such plans to w hich the
e m p lo ye r c o n trib u te s . H ow ever, in New Y o rk and New J e rs e y , w hich
have enacted te m p o ra ry d is a b ility in su ra n ce law s w hich re q u ire em ­
p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s ,5 plans are includ ed o n ly if the e m p lo ye r ( l) con­
trib u te s m o re than is le g a lly re q u ire d , o r (2) p ro v id e s the em ployee

w ith be ne fits w hich exceed the re q u ire m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f pa id s ic k -le a v e plans are lim ite d to fo rm a l plans w hich p ro v id e fu ll
pay o r a p ro p o rtio n of the w o rk e r's pay d u rin g absence fro m w o rk
because o f illn e s s . Separate ta b u la tio n s are p ro v id e d acco rd in g to
( l) plans w hich p ro vid e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e rio d , and (2) plans
p ro v id in g e ith e r p a rtia l pay o r a w a itin g p e rio d . In a d d itio n to the
p re se n ta tio n of the p ro p o rtio n s o f w o rk e rs who are p ro v id e d sickness
and accident insu ran ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an un du plicate d to ta l is
shown of w o rk e rs who re ce ive e ith e r o r both types of b e n e fit.
C atastrophe in s u ra n ce , s o m e tim e s re fe rre d to as extended
m e d ica l in su ra n ce , includes those plans w h ich are designed to p ro te c t
em ployees in case o f sickness and in ju ry in v o lv in g expenses beyond the
n o rm a l coverage o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u rg ic a l pla n s. M e d ­
ic a l insu ran ce re fe rs to plans p ro v id in g fo r com plete o r p a rtia l paym ent
o f doctors* fees. Such plans m ay be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m m e rc ia l in ­
surance com panies o r n o n p ro fit o rg a n iz a tio n s o r they m ay be s e lfin s u re d . Tabulations of re tire m e n t pension plans are lim ite d to those
plans that provide m on thly paym ents fo r the re m a in d e r o f the w o rk e r's
life .
5 The te m p o ra ry d is a b ility law s in C a lifo rn ia and Rhode Is la n d
do not re q u ire em p lo ye r c o n trib u tio n s .

Table 1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Memphis, Tenn. , 1 by major industry division, February 1956
Minimum
Workers in establishments
Number of establishments
size
establish-*1
*
Within scope of study
Studied
Within
Industry division
ment
Studied
scope of
in scope of
Off ic e
Total 3
Plant
Total 3
study
Study 2
80,300
56,800
11,100
134
48,190
418
51
A ll divisions__________________________________
31, 700
3, 100
52
24,900
164
39,700
51
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------40,600
8,000
25, 100
23,290
254
82
51
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------Transportation (excluding railroads),
4,600
1,000
7, 100
5,490
18
51
communication, and other public utilities 4 ------39
8,700
3,340
21
78
51
Wholesale trade ----------------------------------------------(5)
(*)
13,900
8,850
75
22
51
Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------C)
il
l
2,440
4,000
10
27
51
Finance, insurance, and real estate ----------------(*)
*
3,170
6,900
11
35
51
Services 6 --------------------------------------------------------(5)
(5)
1 The Memphis Metropolitan Area (Shelby County). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table* provide a reasonably accurate description of
the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employ­
ment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the
pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from scope of survey.
2 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum size limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
3 Includes executive, technical, professional and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation. Since Memphis* electric and gas utilities are municipally operated, they are also excluded,
by definition, from the scope of the studies.
5 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient to
justify separate presentation of data.
6 Hotels, personal services, business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organization; and
engineering and architectural services.




3

Wage T re nd s fo r Selected O ccupational G roups
T a bula ted below a re indexes of s a la rie s of w om en o ffice c le r i­
ca l w o rk e rs , and o f average earnings of selected p la n t w o rk e r grou ps.
F o r o ffic e c le ric a l w o rk e rs , the indexes re la te to average
w e e kly s a la rie s fo r n o rm a l h o u rs o f w o rk , tha t is , the standard w o rk
schedule fo r w h ic h s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s are paid. F o r p la n t w o rk e r
g ro u p s, the indexes m e a su re changes in s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s,
e xclud ing p re m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eekends, h o li­
days, and la te s h ifts . The indexes are based on data fo r selected
ke y occupations and in clu d e m o st of the n u m e ric a lly im p o rta n t jobs
w ith in each g ro u p . E igh te en jobs w ere includ ed in the o ffice c le ric a l
index; 10 s k ille d m aintenance jobs and 3 u n s k ille d jobs w e re includ ed
in the p la n t w o rk e r ind exes. See footnotes to table 2.
A vera ge w e e kly s a la rie s o r average h o u rly ea rnings w e re
com puted fo r each o f the sele cted occupations. The average s a la rie s
o r h o u rly e a rn in g s w e re then m u ltip lie d by the average o f January 1953
and Jan ua ry 1954 em p lo ym e n t in the jo b . These w eighted ea rn ing s fo r
in d iv id u a l occupations w e re then added to obtain an aggregate fo r each
occup ation al g ro u p . F in a lly , the ra tio of these group aggregates fo r a
given y e a r to the aggregate fo r the base p e rio d (su rve y m on th, w in te r
1952-53) was com puted and the re s u lt m u ltip lie d by the base ye a r index
(100) to get the ind ex fo r the given ye a r.

The indexes m ea sure p rin c ip a lly the effects of ( i) general
s a la ry and wage changes; (2) m e r it o r o th e r in cre a se s in pay r e ­
ceived by in d iv id u a l w o rk e rs w h ile in the same job ; and (3) la b o r
tu rn o v e r o r fo rc e expansion o r re d u ctio n . A fo rce expansion m ig h t
in cre a se the p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r pa id w o rk e rs in a s p e cific occu­
pation and re s u lt in a drop in the ind ex, w hereas a re d u ctio n in the
p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r p a id w o rk e rs w ould have the opposite effe ct. The
indexes are also affe cte d by s h ifts in the p ro p o rtio n of w o rk e rs e m ­
ployed by e sta b lish m e n ts w ith d iffe re n t pay le v e ls . F o r exam ple,
the m ovem ent o f a h ig h -p a yin g e sta b lish m e n t out o f an area could
cause the index to d ro p , even though no change in ra te s o c c u rre d in
o th e r are a e sta b lish m e n ts .
The use o f constant em p loym en t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the effects
of changes in the p ro p o rtio n o f w o rk e rs re p re s e n te d in each job in ­
cluded in the ind ex. N o r are the indexes in flu e n ce d by changes in
standard w o rk schedules o r in p re m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e , since they
are basecf on pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rs.
Indexes fo r the p e rio d 1952 to 1955 fo r w o rk e rs in 1 7 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts , appeared in B LS B u ll. 1172, Wages and R elated
B e n e fits , 17 L a b o r M a rk e ts , 1954-55.

Table 2: Indexes of standard weekly salaries for office clerical 1 and average straight-time hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups 2
in Memphis, Tenn., February 1955 and February 1956,and percent of increase for selected periods
Indexes
Percent increases from—
(January 1953 = 100)
February 1955 January 1954 January 1953 November 1951 November 1951
Industry and occupational group
February
February
to
to
to
to
to
1956
1955
February 1956 February 1955 January 1954 January 1953 February 1956
A ll industries:
4. 1
6. 5
4.8
18.6
113.2
Office clerical (women) _____________________
106.2
2. 1
6.6
22.7
Skilled maintenance (men) ____________________
8. 1
3.0
3.5
115.2
106.5
3.8
21.6
Unskilled plant (men)_________________________
108.8
7.7
3.5
117.2
5.2
Manufacturing:
2.3
16.3
110.7
5. 0
4.7
Office clerical (women) __ _ __________________
106.2
3.9
1.6
2.3
6.6
21. 1
Skilled maintenance (men) ____________________
113.2
103.9
8.9
3.4
5. 1
111.6
107.7
17.2
3.6
Unskilled plant (m en)__;______________________
4.2
1 Based on data for the following jobs:
Office clerical (women):
B illers, machine (billing machine)
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B
Comptometer operators
Clerks, file, class A and B
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Key-punch operators
Office girls
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Switchboard operators
Switchboard operator-receptionists
Tabulating-machine operators

Transcribing-machine operators, general
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ Typists, class A and B
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2 Based on data for the following jobs:
Skilled maintenance (men);
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics, automotive
Millwrights
Painters
Pipefitters
Sheet-metal workers
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling
Watchmen




5

A: Occupational Earnina*
Table A-l: Office Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in M e m p h i s , T e n n . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , F e b r u a r y 1 9 5 6 )
Avbbaob
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly
houre
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
2 5 .0 0 3 0 .0 0
and
u nder
3 0 .0 0 3 5 .0 0

$
3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

$
9 5 .0 0

$
100.00

$
105.00

$
110.00
and

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0

105.00

110.00

over

M en
„ _
__ _

162
70

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
8 7 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

_

_

-

-

____
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B
_ __ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________ ______________ __ ____ _ ___________
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

69
28
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 6 .5 0
6 2 .0 6
6 9 .5 0

.

_
-

-

-

__ _
__ _

128
109

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 4 .0 0
6 3 : s o ..

-

-

O f f i c e b o y s ________________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _________ _____ __ __ __ __ _____ _

79
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 4 .5 0
4 4 .5 0

5
5

2
2

T a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s __ __
_____
M a n u f a c t u r in g __ __ __ __
___ __ __ __ _____ __
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____ _________
___ __ __ __

72
31
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

_

_

-

-

-

80
51

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 9 .0 0
4 9 .5 0

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A
_________________ _____
M a n u f a c t u r in g __ __ ___ ___ „
__ __ __ _____

C l e r k s , o r d e r _____ __ __ „
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __ --------

__ _____ __ __ _____
__ __ __ _____ _____

”

4

9
1

11
3

7
3

11
8

18
7

17
11

15
10

17
9

10
7

5
3

8
6

*30
2

5
2
3

14
3
11

15
11
4

2
1
1

7
1
6

_
.

5
1
4

1
.
1

2
_
2

2
.
2

_
_

_
_

-

6
6

20
15

24
21

11
11

18
17

. 20
16

18
12

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

35
26

13
3

12
11

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

„

„

_

.

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

3
1
2

5
4
1

2
1
1

3
2
1

10
6
4

6
4
2

15
3
12

8
2
6

7
2
5

8
6
2

3
3

13
8

37
24

3
2

_

„

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

*

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

_
.

.
-

8
1
7

8
8

-

-

7
7

3
2

-

•

“

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
~ ~ z ------

2

_

.

-

-

.

2

“

*

_

„

_

*

-

-

-

-

-

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b il l in g m a c h i n e ) _________________________
----- __ __ __ _____ __
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __

-

37
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 3 .5 0
4 3 .0 0

*

1
1

75
51

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 0 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

-

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _______________
M a n u f a c t u r in g __ -------- __ __ _____ __ __ -------_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
___________ __
___ ___

448
94
354

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 1 .0 0
5 6 .5 0
4 9 .5 0

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A
__ __ _____
__ __
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________ _____ __ __ __ __ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
___ _____ __ __
___ _____

200
56
144

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 4 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

-

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B
_
___
M a n u f a c t u r in g _______ __
___ __ _____ _______
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __ __ _________
__

__

544
90
454

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

_
_____ __ _
_____ __ __ _______ __ _

49
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e (b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e )
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
----- ^---------___

__ _
__ -------- __

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____ __ __ __ __ __ __

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A _____ _
M a n u f a c t u r in g __
__ _____

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B _____ _ _
M a n u f a c t u r in g _____________ _______
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
__
__ _

_____

__

_

_ _
„

__ __

C l e r k s , o r d e r __
-------------- __
__ __ __ __ __ __ _ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g __
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ ___ __
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
----- __
_
_ _________ __ __
__

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .




25
15
16
15”

10
9

1
1

5
5

“

-

“

-

-

-

-

_

.

7
5

18
10

6
6

16
5

7
7

3
2

2
2

-

8
7

2
2

16
16

104
7
97

137
14
123

78
16
62

50
29
21

21
13
8

15
7
8

4
2
2

10
6
4

2
2

_

3

.

.

-

19
2
17

23
8
15

30
10
20

35
6
29

34
5
29

25
9
16

17
9
8

4
2
2

118
19
99

101
14
87

83
36
47

48
10
38

26
5
21

2
1
1

5
2
3

_

5
5

6

3
1

1
1

.

-

7
3

-

-

-

3

5 1 .0 0
5 5 .5 0
5 0 .0 0

3

41

3

9
.
9

41

100
3
97

4 9 .5 0
4 7 .5 0

.

_

-

-

2
1

25
19

275
36
239

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

4 2 .5 0
4 7 .5 0
4 1 .5 0

105
47
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 3 .0 0
5 4 .5 0
5 1 .5 0

8
-

8
_
_

.

_

-

7
7

1

-

.

-

4
4

50
50

_
.

-

4

9

-

-

4

9

61
7
54

60
4
56

43
15
28

29
8
21

2
2

26
6
20

21
7
14

20
9
11

14
11
3

4
4

10
1
9

1
1
-

10
3
7

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

2

-

2

4
4

-

4
4

-

-

4
1
3

-

_

_
-

2
2

.

.

.

_

-

-

_

-

4
4

-

.

“

-

4
4

_

_

_

_'

_

_

“

“

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

-

7
4
3

.

_
_

_
-

.

_
-

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , M e m p h i s , T e n n . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 5 6
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

6

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s 12 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s
in M e m p h i s , T e n n . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , F e b r u a r y 195 6 )
Avbbaob
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
2 5 .0 0
and
under
3 0 .0 0

3 0 .0 0

3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$ 0 .0 0
6

$6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

$ 95.00

$
100 .00

$
1 0 5 .00

3 5 .0 0

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 00

QO . 00

Q5 0 0

100 0 0

10500

l i o no

7
--------5~~
1

$
110 .00
and

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _____ __ __ __ _____ __ __ __ _____
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____ — — __ __ __ __ _________ __ _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________________________

18 7
10 7
80

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 5

*
P
5 6 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 3 .5 0

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s __ __ __ _________
__ _____ _
M a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____ __ . . __
___ _____ __ __

257
6l
196

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

5 1 .5 0
5 7 .5 0 •
4 9 .5 0

37
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

D u p l ic a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( m i m e o g r a p h o r
d i t t o ) _________ _________ _____________
_
__ __
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________________
K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________________________ ___
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
O f f ic e g i r l s __ __ __ __ _____ __ _____ _____ _____ __
M a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________________

124
36
88

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1
1

7
_
7
9

-

6
_
6

4 6 .0 0
4 6 .0 0

.

-

5 3 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
5 1 .0 0

_

_
_

93
27
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

4 2 .5 0
4 5 .0 0
4 1 .5 0

523
153
37 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 2 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l __
___
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ __ __ __ _____ __ _________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____ __ _____ __ _____________ _
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * ________________________________________

642
255
387
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

5 4 .0 0
5 5 .5 0
5 3 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
___________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __ __ __
_

143
131

4 2 .5
42. 5

4 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 0

S e c r e t a r i e s _________ __ __ _____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------- __ _________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____

_____
_____

_____ __
_________

__ ________
_ __

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _______________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ______ _____ ___ _______________________ ____ _
_
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____ _____ _____ __ -------------- __ _
T a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _

_ __ __

T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l _____________ _
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ _____ _____ ___ _______
___ _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____ „ __ __
T y p i s t s , c l a s s A ___ _
_
__ _ _____
M a n u fa c t u r in g _ _ ___ ___ ___
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

__ __
__ _____ _
__ __ _____ __ __

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ________________________________________________
M an u f a c tu r in g _____ _____ _ _______ ___ _ _________ _ __
_
_
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __ __
___
__ ___
_____ _
_

152
62
90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

_

4
.
4

-

1
_
1

-

13

27
13
14

26
17
9

44
29
15

33
19
14

9

67
10
57

36
8
28

53
id
43

36
14
22

21
3
18

7
7

5
4

14
12

10
10

-

1
1

3
3
7
7
2
2

19

21
3
18
62
8
54
33
— ^ r~
31

.

-

-

-

.
.
_

15
_
15

-

1
1
-

-

96
33
63
4

16
16

40
40

14
14

30
29

5 1 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
4 9 .5 0

.

_
_

-

-

3
2
1

_

.

48
18
30

25

3 9 .5

6 4 .0 0

.

209
81
1 28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 2 .0 0
5 2 .0 0
5 2 .0 0

_

_

-

-

136
32
104

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 4 .0 0
5 4 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

50 5
113
392

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 3 .5 0
4 5 .0 0
4 3 .0 0

.
_
-

_

'

38
.
38

27
12
15

-

-

-

2
_
2

r ~

1
1

_
_

_
_

-

_
_

_
_

-

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

.
.

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

.
-

.
_

_
-

1

12
5
7

10
4
6

_
• _

6

-

-

-

-

-

1

—

8
2
6

22
8
14

10
3
7

6
4
2

1
1
-

_
_

.
_

_
_

_
_

.
_

.

-

_

_

12
3
9

7
5
2

4
4

-

.
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
14
10

102
21
81

71
23
48

100
34
66

50
10
40

44
7
37

39
17
22

27
14
13

15
4
11

9
6
3

4
4

3
1
2

_

_

-

-

100
31
69
2

158
70
88

95
43
52
1

83
41
42
9

56
12
44
9

25
17
8
1

5
2
3

.
-

.
_

.
-

.
_
.

.
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

15
11

8
8

5
5

5
5

7
1

_

6
4
2

_
-

21
8
13

1

38
23
15

23
20
3

20
4
16

-

8
-------- 52
2

49
13
36

-

-

“

1
-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
.

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

_

.

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-•

_

“

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

4

10

1

6

1

56
30
26

21
12
9

12
4
8

9
4
5

-

6
6

4
4

2
2

5
1
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

.

_

1
1

5
.
5

17
8
9

32
3
29

18
6
12

25
.
25

27
12
15

2
2

22
_
22

57
10
47

267
51
216

108
36
72

28
12
16

15
2
13

4
1
3

4
1
3

"

-

_

2
2

3

1 H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 12 a t $ 1 1 0 t o $ 1 1 5 ; 10 a t $ 1 1 5 t o $ 1 2 0 ; 8 a t $ 1 2 0 to $ 1 2 5 .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




3
1
2

7
6
1

.
-

.

2
_
2

22
3
19

-

1
1
-

9
9
-

-

-

7

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in M e m p h i s , T e n n . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , F e b r u a r y 195 6 )
Average

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
Weekly
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

$
5 0 . 00

$
5 5 . 00

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$

$
8 0 .0 0

$

$

7 5 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0

5 5 . 00

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

100. 00

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0

and
under

$

$

$

and
over

Men
Draftsmen, senior _____ ____ ______________________
M anufacturing___
__ 1____ ______________________

80
72

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
9 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0

Draftsmen, junior ________________________________ __
Manufacturing ___ ________________________________

87

4 0 .0

6 7 .5 0

24

78

4 0.0

67.50

23

27

40.0

72.00

1

2

4
3

32
30

3
3

6

16

6

16

2
2

1

-

-

"

■

1
"

4

14

6

7

8

4

11

5

3

8

4

3

5

5

6

”

”

5
3

11

9

5
5

_

_

"

“

-

7
7

1
1

_

_

"

"

-

-

6
6

2
2

2
2

1
1

_

_

__

_

_

“

-

”

“

-

-

-

-

Women
N urses, industrial (re g is te re d )_______________________

-

H o u r s r e f l e c t t h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .




O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , M e m p h i s , T e n n . , F e b r u a r y 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

8

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average hourly earnings1 fo r men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
2
in Memphis, Tenn. , by industry division, February 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Average
hourly
earnings

U nder $ .8 0
and
$
0 . 80 u n d e r
-j-90

i.o o

$ . 90

±JLQ

...

$ 10
1.

1. 1.Q-. 1,

ZQ—

\0
.Z

1 .3 0

!.4 0

! . 50

f . 60

f . 70

1 .8 0

!.9 0

i.o o

f . 10

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 70

$
2 .8 0
and

1 ,3 .0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2.00

2 . 10

2.20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 . 60

2 . 70

2 .8 0

over

97
47
50

$
1 .9 8
1 .9 0
2 .0 5

2

1

8

12

-

-

_

.

.

6
6

9

-

1

2

1

-

-

3
5

7
5

4

-

8
1

.

-

-

2

_________________________
__ __

170
153

2 .3 0
2 .3 6

2

1

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2
2

5
5

5
4

-

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y __________________ __ ___ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g
__
_
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

121

2.00
_

_

4

“

-

4

5
.
5

15
9

-

2
1
1

8

_

10
6

6

2 .0 7
1. 9 0

3
.
3

1

70
51

6

2

3
5

4
4

_

_

-

-

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e _ _ _ _ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g
__ __ ,___
__ _ _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ __

1

1

131
123

1. 14
1. 14

-

15

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a i n t e n a n c e _______ 1_____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ _____________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________ _____
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s *
___________
__ __

225

1 .2 3

121

1.21

104
41

1 .2 7
1 .5 2

18
z 18

4
4
-

M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r in g ______

150
147

2 .2 9
2 .3 0

_

~

M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t iv e (m a in t e n a n c e )
_>
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ __ _________ __ __ __ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __ ___________
___
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s *
________________ ___

376
58
31 8
225

1 .8 1
1 .6 9
1 .8 3
1 .9 1

.

M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e — __ ____________ __ _
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______ _ __________________________ _
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________
_

449
4 03
46

1 .7 2

-

M il l w r i g h t s __ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g

182
182

2.22
2.22

-

O i l e r s __ _ ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g

68

P a i n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e
___
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ _ _____
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _________

16

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

_
.

.
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
26

.

_

■

~

31
31

60
60

2
2

7
7

6
6

-

17
4
13
13

-

4
4
-

4

_
.

_
_

_

-

-

4

5

1

2
2

4

1

1

-

-

15
15
15

_

_

_

.

*

-

-

3
3

1
1

5

-

9
9

_

-

"

2

52
13
39
19

6
1

20
20

1

13

134
128

32
4
28
23

2

5

39
5
34
18

135

21
8
11
11

59
53

39
33

22
22

1
1

10

6

-

43
43
-

3
3

-

32
28
4

41
31

6

30
27
3

-

-

18
18

-

1
1

4
4

32
32

5
5

19
19

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 .9 9

.

2

1

5

.

.

_

1

8
8

8

2.02

_
_
-

2

1

4

-

4
4

.

.

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

.
-

4
4

2
2

3

.

_
-

1

38
17

-

__ __
__ __ _
_____ _________ _
_
__ __ ___ __

97
46
51

1 .8 7
"T T 0 5 —
1. 71

.

.

_

5

1

_

.

.

.

.

-

-

14
3

-

-

“

5

1

3

“

11

2 .4 2
2 .4 2

-

-

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Workers were distributed as follow s: 13 at $ 0.60 to $ 0.7 0; 5 at $0.7 0 to $0. 80.
* Transportation (excluding railroa ds), com m unication, and other public utilities.




-

6

-

35
35

-

4

-

____________

4
4

10
6

-

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ____
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ ____ •
_____________

*

1

20
16

3

-

15
5

43
23

4

2 .3 7
2 .3 7

20

_

2

11

.

110
110

2

2

26

4

__ __ __ __ _
_
_
_ __

12
10
2

1
8
2

1 .8 3
1 .9 0

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e _______
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____

5
_
5

4

9

2
2

-

-

4
4

1
1

2
2
15
— r~
14

-

9
9

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

1

1
1

1

-

2
2

6
6

14
14

13
13

2
2

13
13

_

.

3

i

6
6

-

_

-

10
"TO—

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

1
1

-

1
1

6

2
2

4

4

32
25
7

19
4
15

-

16
12

6

-

3
3

1

35
29

.

21
21

5
4

8

.

9

17
16

14

.

12

5
3

14

22

-

70
70

-

12

11
8

-

-

6
6

4
4

*

_

8
16

-

2

_

2

24

5

9

15

2

-

7

2

10

s

1
1

-

3
.
3

35
33

-

4
4

7
4
3

42
41

64

__ _____

1

1

_

______

__ __ _________

-

.

_

_

-

— ;------------------------------______________ ___________________

-

1

1

3
3

-

F i r e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r __ — __ __ __ __ __
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________________________

_

___________________________

- .

-

6

2
2

20
20

-

1
1

4
4

7
7

-

3
3

-

_
-

1

_

1
1

5

1

-

-

-

131
131

7

.

49
49

1
6
45
45

6

_

-

-

-

5------

“

-

“

_
-

15
15

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

21

3
.

_

_

-

“

-

------- 5“ ----- J —
13
-

_

61

-

61

13
13

2
2

6
6

4
4

8
8

-

11
11

Occupational Wage Survey, M em phis, T en n ., F ebruary 1956
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

9

Table A-4: Custodial and Material-Movement Occupations
(Average hourly earnings 1 for selected occupations 2 studied on an area basis
in Memphis, T e n n ., by industry division, February 1956)

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average
hourly
earnings

$
$
0.20 0.30
and
under
.30
.40

$
0.40

$
0.50

$
0.60

$
0.70

$
0.80

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS O
F—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.50 1.60
1. 10 1.20 1. 30 1.40
1.70 1.80
0.90
1. 00

$
1.90

$
2.00

$
$
2 . 10 2.20

$
2.30

.50

.60

.70

.80

.90

1.00

1. 10

1.20

2 .00

2. 10

2.20

2.40

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2. 30

Elevator op era tors, p assenger (men) ________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

37
33

$
0.66
.60

17
17

"

"

6
6

-

"

1
1

-

4
4

3
“

-

5
5

“

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Elevator op era tors, p assenger (women) _____
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

151
15r

.55
.55

21
21

5
5

33
33

13
13

64
64

-

-

3
3

11
11

1
1

-

_
-

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

_

_
-

_

Guards _ _
Manufacturing

1.72
1.77

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

1
1

_

“

-

13
5

13
9

14
11

10
6

15
15

1
1

1
-

23
23

20
20

21
21

.

-

_
-

_

_____________________________

158
134

-

Janitors, p orters, and clea n ers (men) _______
___
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public utilities * ___ ____ ____________

1, 232
581
651
75

1.07
1.26
.90
1. 11

“

_
_

65
65
"

43
43
■

85
85
"

66
18
48
”

104
29
75
5

165
87
78
22

213
89
124
17

121
78
43
21

53
22
31
“

94
78
16

68
59
9
“

8
8
8

42
28
14
"

69
61
8
2

34
32
2
~

2
2
“

_
_
"

_
_
“

_
~

_
_
_
-

Janitors, p orters, and clea n ers (w om en )_____
M anufacturing______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______ ______________
Public utilities * _________________________

461
11$
342
52

.74
.98
.66
.94

16
16

4
4
"

108
108
“

46
46
“

23
23
1

57
38
19
2

50
21
29
17

30
24
6
-

99
13
86
30

7
4
3
~

4
4
-

-

2
2
“

1
1
“

4
2
2
2

10
10
*

.
-

-

-

"

"

_
-

L a b orers, m aterial handling ________ ____
M anufacturing___ __ ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___
_________________

3, 113
2, 6 6 1
1, 052

1.23
1.22
1.24

_
”

_
“

3
3

2
2

16
16

97
9
88

132
112
20

430
349
81

534
356
178

567
307
260

406
389
17

241
183
58

125
53
72

26
10
16

52
21

282
70
212

130
130
“

12
10
2

52
52
-

6
6

.
-

-

O rder fille r s __________________________________
M anufacturing_________________ ._____________
N onm anufacturing___________________________

763
152
611

1.26
1.29
1.25

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

21
21
-

102
26
76

170
20
150

175
42
133

26

6
20

22
22

99
8
91

7
7

21
21

102
11
91

5
5
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3 13
13
~

P a ckers, shipping (m e n )____________________ __
M anufacturing_________________ _____________
N onm anufacturing__________________________

379
169
210

1.30
1.26
1.33

_
-

_
-

"

_
“

1
1

4
3

49
45
4

23
10
13

71
7
64

76
33
43

10
6
4

8
4
4

21
17
4

26
19
7

14
14

13
13

_
“

52
1
51

3
3
“

_
“

_
“

3 8
8
"

P a ck ers, shipping (women) ___________________
M anufacturing_______________________________
N onm anufacturing__________________________

106
6o
46

1.08
1.08
1.07

_
-

_
“

“

1
1

2
2

10
7
3

15
14
1

8
8
“

24
4
20

15
12
3

3
3

13
13

“

15
15
“

_
“

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
■

_
■

_
“

_
-

R eceiving clerk s _ _________________ _______
M anufacturing----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------

191
87
104

_
-

_
- •
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

2
2

11
11

12
12

5
5

27
9
18

11
11

13
5
8

5
3
2

16
6
10

8
8

25
11
14

18
8
10

10
10
•

27
27
*

_
"

_
-

Shipping clerk s ________________________________
Manufacturing
___________ ___________ __
N onm anufacturing___________________________

195
97
98

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

11
3
8

23
1
22

11
8
3

41
31
10

5
1
4

24
16
8

20
15
5

12
5
7

'

'

'

'

12
3
9

1
1

“

16
8
8

4
4

-

5
1
4

3 7

-

2
2

10
10

Shipping and receiving clerk s _________________
M anufacturing___ _ __ _ _______ _ —
Nonmanufacturing
___________ _______

107
34

1.59
... r: 84“
1.39
1.64
1.69
1.59

1.63
175$
1.75

_

-

_

_

-

-

See footnotes at end o f table.
* Transportation (excluding railroa ds), communication, and other public utilities.




1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

3

17 -----g—
9
16

9
7
2

14
8
6

—

T T

‘
13
6
7

16

7

16

1

5
5

8
8

10
4
6

-

-

7
'

3
3

5
5

3 2
2

Occupational Wage Survey, Memphis, T enn., February 1956
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

10

Table A-4: Custodial and Material-Movement Occupations - Continued
(Average hourly earnings 1 fo r selected occupations 2 studied on an area basis
in Memphis, T e n n ., by industry division, February 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$
0.20
and

$
0.30

$
0.40

$
$
0. 50 0.60

.40

.50

.6 0

.70

“

“

-

$
0.70

$
0.80

$
0.90

$
1.00

.80

.90

1.00

1.10

1.20

9
9
-

18
18
-

39
39
-

152
23
129
-

148
114
22

147
45
102
"

■

9
9

13
13

26
26

62
54

50
47

•

“

-

5
5
-

11
11
-

62
15
47
■

“

”

“

-

2
2

28

_
~

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

■

_

_

_

_

_

_

■

_

"
44
25
19

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

T ru ckd rivers4 •
_______________________________
Manufacturing_____________________________
Nonm anufacturing__________________________
Public utilitie s * ________________________

1,703
411
1,292
512

$
1.47
1.34
1.51
1.83

■

Truckdrivers, light (under 1Vg t o n s ) ______
N onm anufacturing_____________________

207
185

1.00
.97

_

_

_

_

“

■

~

T ruckdrivers, medium (lVg to and
including 4 tons) _________________________
M anufacturing___________________________
Nonm anufacturing______________________
Public utilities * _____________________

655
205
450
183

1.45
1.39
1.48
1.79

”

-

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) _____________________________
Manufacturing_______ j____ ___________
N onm anufacturing______________________

406
62
344

1.64
1.46
1.67

■

-

Truckers, power (forklift) ___________________
M anufacturing_____________________________
Nonmanufacturing______________________ __

480
347T"
140

1.44
1.57
1. 12

_
-

T ruckers, power (other than forklift)
Manufacturing _ ___________________________

64
44

1.49
1.72

_

Watchmen ___________________________________
/ Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____ __________________
Public utilities * ________________________

270
146
124
32

1.00
1.07
.9 0
.94

_

Occupation and industry division

unt o r

1
2
3
4
*

“

-

-

"
_
-

-

2
-

7
-

24
2

5

2

7

22
2

5

Excludes premium pay for overtim e, and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
A ll w orkers were at $ 2 .4 0 and over.
Includes all d rivers regard less o f size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




-

15
15
“

$

1. 20

$
1.30

$
1.40

$
1.50

$
1.60

$
1.70

$
1.80

$
1.90

$
2.00

$
2. 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

1. 30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2 .0 0

2. 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2.40

342
155
187
-

38
38
-

43
30
13
1

10
9
1
1

17
15

20
17

_
“

4
4

77
21
56
17

83
36
47
-

84
40
44
“

12
12
■

13
2
IT

40

28

40

48
10
38

34
- '
34

84
31
53

33
23
10

53
30
23

26
6

_

2
■

40
12
28
24

80
53
27

31
27

10
7

5

1

-

U

“

1.10

-

4

$

2
2
-

17
5
12
6

588
43
545
476

■

~

5
■

26
21
5
1

3
2
1
1

2
2
-

9
9
6

250
33
217
154

20
18
2
2

22
22
“

13
9
4

7
7

-

3
3

113
10
103

20
20
”

67
59

19
19
“

_
-

37
25
12

_

_

_

■

_

6
6

_

“

”

10
4
6

j
1
-

13
12
1

_
-

3

8

_

85
20
65
2

.

_

1

"

“

2
2
2

9
7
2
2

-

54
54
.

_

.

“

“

7
5
2
2

~

-

4
4
"

65
2
63

“

2
2

“

50
50

19
1$
“

2
2
“

92
92

_
"

_
“

9
9

3
3

10
10

1
1

_

7
7

“

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

■

-

-

-

3

5
5

“
_




11

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l: Shift Differential Provisions 1
P e rce n t o f m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs —
(a)
In establishm ents having
fo rm a l p ro v is io n s fo r —

Shift d ifferential

Second shift
w ork

T o t a l __ ____

_

__

__

.

_

7 6.0

____ __

T h ird o r other
shift w ork

(b)
A ctually w orking on—

Second shift

67. 1

13.2

T h ird o r other
shift

6.8

55.0

50.3

10.6

5. 1

3 9 .9

35.0

8.7

4 .7

3 c e n t s ___ _______________ __________________ __ ___
4 rent**
5 rents _
7 c e n t s ________ _____________________________________
7 V2 cents ____•________________ _____________________
8 cents _________________—r,______„___________ ,_______
---- _ __ .
_____
_____
9 cents
10 cents
_
12 cents
_
— _
__ _
Over 12 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------------

12.2
1.3
12.6
1.1
1.6
2 .2
2 .5
4.8
1.6

11.1
8.9
1.3
2.5
6.5
1. 1
3.6

4.1
.1
1 .6
. 1
.2
.6
1 .0

2. 8
_
.5
. 1
t
1. 1
t
.2

U niform p e r c e n ta g e ____________________________________

13.6

13.6

1.9

.4

. 1
.2
1. 6
-

t
.4

With shift pay d iffe r e n t ia l________________________________
U niform cents (per hour) _

__

_

_

___ .
5 p ercen t
6 p ercen t ...
.
._
.r
_ . T ....
7 Vz p ercen t
_____
_ _ _
_________
_
_
10 p ercen t _ _________________ __
Full d a y’s pay fo r reduced h o u r s ______________________
No shift pay d ifferential

__

_____

__

_ ___

4 .9
1.3
7 .4

1. 1
1.3
3. 8
7 .4

1.0

1.5

1.7

-

-

2 1 .0

16.8

2 .6

1.7

1
Shift differential data are p resen ted in te rm s o f (a) establishm ent p o lic y , and (b) w o rk e rs actually em p loyed on late
shifts at the tim e o f the survey. An establishm ent was co n sid e re d as having a p o lic y i f it m et eith er o f the follow ing co n d i­
tion s: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e o f the su rv e y , o r (2) had fo rm a l p r o v is io n s cov e rin g late shifts,
t L ess than 0 .0 5 p ercen t.
O ccupational Wage S urvey, M em p h is, Tenn. , F eb ru a ry 1956
U .S . DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau o f L a b or Statistics

12

Table B-2: Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers!1
N um ber o f establishm ents with s p ecified m inim um hiring rate in—
M anufacturing
M inim um rate
(weekly sala ry )

Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w eekly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
in d u stries

____________________________________

134

M anufacturing

40

AH
schedules

40

52

XXX

82

XXX

A ll
sched ules

I
I

134

FO R INEXPERIENCED TYPISTS

E stablishm ents having a sp ecified m inim um _
$ 25.00
$ 27. 50
$ 3 0.00
$ 32. 50
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 37. 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 2 7 .5 0
$ 30. 00
$ 3 2 .5 0
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 47. 50
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00

_

__ _

____

51

17

1
2
6

_

_
-

16

Nonman afa ctu r ing

B ased on standard w eek ly hou rs 2 o f—

A ll
I industries
I

A ll
schedules

E stablishm ents studied

| Number o f esta blishm ents with s p e c ifie d m inim um h irin g rate in—
|
|

40

A ll
schedules

40

52

XXX

32

XXX

FOR OTHER IN EXPE RIE N C E D C L E R IC A L WORKERS

34

25

57

21

20

36

1
_
4
1
4
11
_
1
1
1

2
2
5
2
8
4
17
7
2
2
3
2

_
_
_
3
1
6
5
1
2
2
1

_
_
_
_
3
1
6
5
1
2
1
1

2
2
5
2
5
3
11
2
1

1
1

1
2
6
_
2
4
12
1
3
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

1
1
1

XXX

21

_
_
_
3
1
5
5

27
1
4
2
4
3
10
_
1
1

5
5
17
6
3
2
2
1
1

_
3
1
5
5
1
1
1
-

___________

24

10

XXX

14

XXX

39

18

E stablishm ents which did not em ploy w ork ers
in this c a t e g o r y ____________________________________________

58

25

XXX

33

XXX

37

13

XXX

24

XXX

Data not a va ilab le. __________________________________________

1

XXX

1

XXX

”

XXX

1

XXX

-

__________________________
_______________________________
_
_______________________________
__ _
_______________________________
_______________________________
_____________________________
_________________________ __

E stablishm ents having no s p ecifie d m inim um

-

1

-

1 Low est salary rate fo rm a lly established fo r hiring in ex p erien ced w o rk e rs fo r typing o r other c le r ic a l jo b s .
2 H ours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em p loy ees re c e iv e th eir reg u la r straigh t-tim e s a la rie s . Data a re p resented fo r a ll workw eeks com bin ed, and f o r the m o st co m m o n w orkw eek




-

1
XXX

re p o rte d .

O ccupational Wage S u rvey, M em phis, T e n n ., F e b ru a ry 1956
U .S . D E P A RTM EN T OF LA BO R
B ureau o f L a b or S ta tistics

13

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS1EMPLOYED IN—
W e e k ly h o u r s .

All industries 2

!
j

Manufacturing

!

100

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

|

1

Public utilities *

!

Public utilities *

Manufacturing

All industries3

1

A l l w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------

100

35 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------37 y2 —
----- — --------------- -------------------------O v e r 3 7 V2 an d u n d e r 40 h o u r s ---------------------------40 h o u r s -------------------------------------------—----------------------O v e r 40 and u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s ------------------------------44 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 4 and u n d e r 48 h o u r s --------------------------------4 8 h o u r s ______ ._____________________________________
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------

t
6

1
3
t
*

4
74
5

_

i°°

-

60
~
33

3
t

6

86
4
6

3

t

3

t

-

t

t

•

_ !

100

jj

.
67
6

100

t

t

i
.

.
_
67
16
_
11

-

82
t

t

1
:
f
!
<

100

11
11

-

11
3
“

t

7

-

D ata r e la t e t o w o m e n w o r k e r s o n ly .
I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s s h ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
L e s s th an 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .

Table B-4: Paid Holidays1
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

!
:

Item
All industries 2

A l l w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------- —--------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------L e s s than 4 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------4 h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------------5 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------F u ll d a y s o n ly --------------------------------------------P lu s 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------F u ll d a y s o n ly --------------------------------------------P lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------------F u ll d a y s o n ly --------------------------------------------P lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ------------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------------F u ll d a y s o n ly --------------------------------------------P lu s 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------

100

Manufacturing

100

v

Public utilities*

;

100

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
j
1
!
1
All industries3
j
Manufacturing

100

Public utilities*

100

100

88

88
_

1
100

100

100

t

t

-

3
54
53

3
32
31

t

t

17
14
3
20
19

3

26
22
4
31
28
3
5
5
-

*

“

t
5

t

t
12
12
39
39

!=
!
!
'

85
4
8
32
32
23
19
4
16
16

t

j
|
1
!
!
;
!
i
|
i

5
23
23

-

!

20
220
_

34
28
6
21
20

39
39

t
t
t

t

-

-

-

-

_

”

15

12

12

1

-

48
48
-

!

3
3

30
30
_

-

E s t im a t e s r e la t e t o f u l l - d a y h o lid a y s p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , as in e a r l i e r s t u d ie s . T h e s e a r e fu r th e r d iv id e d b e tw e e n w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e m e r e l y the in d ic a te d n u m b e r o f f u ll - d a y h o lid a y s ,
a n d t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 1 o r m o r e h a lf h o lid a y s in a d d itio n .
I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s s h ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
3
In c lu d e s da ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
t L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
O c c u p a tio n a l W a ge S u r v e y , M e m p h is , T en n . , F e b r u a r y 1956
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s




14

Table B
*5: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N V a c a tio n p o l ic y

All industries 1

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Public utilities *

Manufacturing

i
;;

Ail industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities *

i
A ll w o r k e r s

_

,.

______

_ -

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
98

t

100
97
3

100
100
-

98
87
li

99
80
19

100
98

•

“

t

t

*

35
..
64

36
_
60
4

71
_
28
-

84

93

t

t
t

70
_
25
-

21

34

68
4
26
-

85
4
10
“

32
12
54
-

38
20
40
"

90
-

14
81

17
78

100

t
t

t
t

M ETH O D O F PAYM ENT
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s 3
_ __ _
__ ___ __ __ __
L e n g t h -o f - t i m e p a y m e n t __ __ __
__ __
___
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ___ __ __ ____
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ____
__ __________
_ __

1

“ •

t

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____ ____________ __ __
__ __
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
.................. ...........................
2 w eeks . .. .. .
_____ __
_
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
__

t

12
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ooV
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
_ _ ___ _
2 w eeks
__ __ __ _____ _________
__ __ _
_____ __
__ __
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s

17
f
81

t

_

.

66
-

75
4

37
_

63
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____ ____________ __ __ __ ___
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __
_ _ _ _ _ __ __
2 w e e k s ________________________________________!____ _
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s

7

t
91

t

8
•
88
4

t
'

98
-

10
-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __ ________ __ __ ____________ __ __ __
2 w eeks
__
__
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
__ __ __ __ __
3 w eeks
__ _ __ ___
_____

_

t

t

94

t

91
6

t

6

93

4

_

i
(

i

_

'

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , M e m p h is , T e n n . , F e b r u a r y 1956
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R




B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

NOTE:

In the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e " ,
s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t t im e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y .

15

Table B-5: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OP OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities *

All industries

a

I
!

Manufacturing

Public utilities *

100
1-----------------------------------------------

100

\

A l l w o r k e r s _____

__

__

__ __ __ __ __

100

100

100

i
i
!

■
"

..............

100

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y - C o n tin u e d
i
i
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______
_____ _
____ __
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___ __ __ _____ __
3 w eeks
__ __ __ _ _ ______
_____
___
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s
_ _____ __ __
4 w eeks
_____ __ ____ _
__ _________ _____

t
76
7
14
t
t

t
48
5
44
t
t

t
48
t
47
t

t
37
t
58
t
3

t
39
t
55
t
t

t
34
t
48
t
15

t
37
t
49
t
9

_
76
.
19
_
6

t
71
6
19
t

14
58
24
t

13
65
15
6
-

_
82
18
.
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___
_
___________
2 w e e k s ___
_
___
__
___
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
__ _________ __ __
3 w eeks
__ __ __ __
___ __ __ _ __ _
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r '4 w e e k s __________ __ ___________
4 w eeks
_ _ __
__ _________ __ __ __

9
.
84
7

13
44
t
39
-

*

|

14
38
4
42

_
16
.
84
.
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __
--------- _
___ __
___ __
--------- _ ___ __7______ __ ___ ___
2 w eeks
—
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
_
___ __ __ __
3 w e e k s ___ ______________ __ ____ ___ __ ___ ___ _
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _ „ __ __ __ ----4 w eeks
_________ _____ _________ __ _ __

_

;
j
1

9
.
72
20

1

t

14
36
4
44
.
-

_
16
_
74
10

13
38
3
39
_
6

14
36
4
41
.
3

16
_
74
_
10

13
41
3
40
-

>

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___
_________________
2 w eeks
__ ________________ __ _ ___
__ __
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
___
_
_
3 w eeks
— — — __ __ __ _____ __ _____
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks
— __ — _________ _________ _ _____

_

1

9
72
_
20

_

* I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 In c lu d e s p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ich d id n o t p r o v id e v a c a t io n s u n til a ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , a s f o ll o w s : P la n t w o r k e r s - a ll in d u s t r ie s , 1 p e r c e n t ; m a n u fa c tu r in g , 2 p e r c e n t ;
p u b lic u t i l i t i e s , 5 p e r c e n t .
f L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .




16

Table B-6: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

T y p e o f p la n
Manufacturing

Public utilities *

100

100

100

91

91

100

50

60

34

62
37

73
69

85
47

28

22

27

13
85
85
44
10
61

5
86
85
50
5
52

42
59
59
37
7
59

t

5

All industries 1

A l l w o r k e r s __ — — -------- — __ — -------- __ _

All industries 2

Public utilities *

100

100

100

72

69

83

41

51

35

60
48

1
;

Manufacturing

66
64

78
57

n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e _____ _____
___ __ _
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e — __
_________ __ __ — __ _
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b oth 3 ____________________ _____ ,
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e --------------S ic k l e a v e (fu ll Day and no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ----------------------- .------------------S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) - ------------- ------------- -----______________
H o s p it a liz a t io n in s u r a n c e
S u r g ic a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ________*------------------------------C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e ________________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n
__ ___________________ _
N o h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n
plan -------- __ -------------------------------- ----- __

*

1

!

4

5

a
66
64
32
5
42

5
70
67
40
3
45

41
44
44
19
3
63

20

23

17

In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 U n d u p lica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly b e l o w .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , M e m p h is , T e n n . , F e b r u a r y 1956
f L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s




17

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The
a s s is t
a

its

v a r ie ty

and

o f

fro m

ra tes

s ta ff
to

t itle s

fro m

s u p e r v is o r s ,

tem p o ra ry ,

in

jo b

in to

in

p r o b a tio n a r y

o rd e r

th e

to

B eca u se

con ten t,

in d iv id u a l

th e

le a r n e r s ,

fie ld

th e

o f

fro m

th is

or

jo b

on

o f

is

to

e s t a b lis h m e n t

fo r

m ay

d iffe r

o th er

in s tr u c te d

h a n d ic a p p e d

to

under

o c c u p a tio n a l

d e s c r ip tio n s
a re

su rv ey s

e m p lo y e d

w age

in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t

p rep a red

t r a in e e s ,

a re

g r o u p in g

e m p h a s is

th ose

w age

w ho

e s ta b lis h m e n t

th e

r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s

b e g in n e r s ,

B u re a u ^

w o rk e rs

p e r m it

B u r e a u 's

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

B u r e a u 's

fo r

o c c u p a tio n s

a rra n g em en ts

in

con ten t.

o f o c c u p a tio n a l

use

d e s c r ip tio n s

w ork

e s s e n tia l

jo b

d e s c r ip tio n s ,

jo b

a p p r o p r ia te

d iffe r e n t

a p p r e n tic e s ,

and

p r e p a r in g

is

c o m p a r a b le

th ose

th ese

and
T h is

c o m p a r a b ilit y

a p p ly in g

o f

c la s s ify in g

a rea .

r e p r e s e n t in g

c a n tly

pu rp ose
in

p a y r o ll

a rea

in te ra re a

in g

p r im a r y

fie ld

and

s ig n ifi­

p u rp o se s.

to

e x c lu d e

w o rk e rs,

In

w o rk ­

p a r t-tim e ,

w o rk e rs .

O f f i c e
B IL L E R ,

P r e p a re s
th a n

an

a s

b illin g s

to

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

M A C H IN E
sta te m e n ts,

o r d in a r y

c id e n t a l

o r

to

m a c h in e ,

o r

s h ip p in g

b illin g

a re

b ills ,

e le c tr o m a tic
ch a rg es

o r

o p e r a tio n s .

c la s s ifie d

by

ty p e

and

in v o ic e s

ty p e w r ite r .
p e r fo rm

F or

w age

on

M ay
oth er
stu d y

o f m a c h in e ,

a

as

m a c h in e

a ls o

k eep

c le r ic a l w o rk
p u rp oses,

C la s s

oth er

re co rd s
in ­

b ille r s ,

th e

stru ctu re

m in e s

m a c h in e
are

(M o o n

s h ip p in g

b illin g

fa n fo ld

and

T he

c o p ie s

o f

w h ic h
t o t a ls
b ill

U ses
to

be

U s u a lly

in v o lv e s

m ay

o r

ch a rg es

m ay not

a re

u s u a lly

be

in v o lv e s

a p p lic a t io n
e n try
on

o f
th e

a c c u m u la te d

la r g e

is

and

p rep a red

com p u ted

a

and

w h ic h

b ills

and

a u to m a tic a lly

p rep a red

b illin g

e tc. ,

p rep a re

in t e r n a lly

s h ip p in g

b e in g

s p e c ia l

o rd e rs,

e tc.

w h ic h

a

B u rrou g h s,

m a c h in e s )

and

o p e r a tio n
th e

-

F is h e r ,

p u rch ase

d is c o u n ts

e x te n s io n s ,

m a c h in e .

E llio t t

m em ora n d a ,

m a c h in e ,

ca rb on

m a c h in e )

a n d a d d in g

cu s to m e rs '

p r e d e te r m in e d

n e ce s s a ry
by

ty p in g

fr o m

o r d e r s ,

(b illin g

H o p k in s ,

c o m b in a tio n

in v o ic e s
o f

m a c h in e

n u m ber

o fte n

done

on

o f
a

u sed

m a c h in e
o r

b ills

(S u n d s tr a n d ,
m ay

a s

p art

in v o lv e s

th e

re c o rd .
n u m ber

not h ave
o f

th e

o f

s a le s

and

th e

d e b it o r

c r e d it

-

r e c e iv a b le

en try

o f

c r e d it
W ork s

b a la n c e s .

R and,

e tc. ,

on

D oes

not

k e e p in g .
under

b ille r ,

v en tory
b a la n c e s
C L E R K ,

and

h as

p le te

set

m e n t 's

A

in v o lv e

a

sta n d a rd

k n o w l­
ty p es

B

m a k in g

ou t

S u n d stra n d ,

a ty p e w r ite r

B u rrou g h s,

k e y b o a rd ) to




(R e m in g to n

N a t io n a l C a s h

keep

a

r e c o rd

o f

R e g is te r ,
b u s in e s s

R and,
w ith

E llio t t
o r

M ay

one

o r

a

by

fo r

ite m s

c o n s o lid a te d

in

o r

s e c t io n s

o f b a s ic b o o k ­

p a y a b le ,

p a y r o ll,

o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d

exp en se

th e

D e te r­

c r e d it

p h a ses

ty p e

a s s is t

o f

w it h

hand.

a ccou n ts

d is tr ib u tio n ,
sh eets

u sed .

and

k n o w le d g e

s im p le

o r

k n o w le d g e

p rep a re

m o re

lit t le

in c lu d e

g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n

o r

d is tr ib u tio n ,

p r e p a r a tio n

a c c o u n tin g

o f

in ­
t r ia l

d ep a rtm en t,

e x a m in in g

-

and

th e

t r a n s a c tio n s .

t io n a l

b a s is

ph ase

in v o lv e s

in v o ic e s

r e q u ir e s
and

o f

a ccou n t­

o f

a

e s ta b lis h ­

and

b a la n c in g

r e c e iv a b le
o r

ju d g m e n t

or

v ou ch ers
and

a llo c a t io n s .

m ay

a c ­
w ith

e x p e r ie n c e

M ay

jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ;

co m ­

an

p o s tin g

c o d in g

c lo s in g

s u p e r v is io n ,

m o re

su ch

v o u ch e rs,
a ccou n ts;

le d g e r s .

w h ic h

one

or

s e c t io n s

a ccou n ts

a s s ig n a tio n s

U nder

bank

w it h ­

to

m o re

as

d is tr ib u tio n ;
and

or

a s s is t

d ir e c t

in

c la s s

c le r k s .

p a y a b le

a c c o u n tin g

W ork
su ch

and

o f a book k eep er

one

r e la tin g

le d g e r s

o p e r a tio n s

g en era l

k e e p in g

re c o rd s

a d ju s tin g ,

B

fo r

tr a n s a c tio n s .

p rop er

a c c o u n tin g
C la s s

by
F is h e r ,

o r

le d g e r

r e c o n c ilin g

m a c h in e

o f

ch eck

co n tro l

U nder

b u s in e s s

p r e p a r in g ,

o f

O P E R A T O R

b o o k k e e p in g

-

o f b ook s

s u b s id ia r y

in

co s t

d e b it

r e c o rd s

r e q u ir in g

M ay

r e s p o n s ib ility

a c c o u n tin g

a u to­

and oth er

sy stem

o f

w ork .

a

a n d fa m ilia r ity

A C C O U N T IN G

p rop er

p r in ts

a c c o u n tin g

s e c tio n s

p rep a re

r e q u ir in g

p r in c ip le s

d is tr ib u tio n

r e c o rd

e tc.

c u s to m e r s 1 le d g e r
a

a

o r

C o n tin u e d

r e c o rd s

o f th e

u s u a lly

m a c h in e ),

c o n tr o l,

a ccou n ts

a

K eeps

p a y a b le ;

on

and

p h a se

P h a ses

a c c o u n tin g

O p era tes

-

o f

p a r t ic u la r

sh eets,

cou n ts

fig u r e s

set

-

b o o k k e e p in g

c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g

s lip s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

ea ch

G e n e r a lly

u s u a lly

and

w h ic h

c u s to m e rs 1

o p e r a tio n .

and

u n ifo rm

a b o o k k e e p in g

p rep a re

a c c u m u la te s

com p u tes

fro m

to

fig u r e s

a u to m a tic a lly
and

U ses

R e m in g to n

a ccou n ts

c o lu m n s

b o o k k e e p in g .

F is h e r ,

k eyb oa rd )

m a c h in e

o f v e r tic a l

edge

E llio t t

m a c h in e )

ty p e w r ite r

s im u lta n e o u s

T he

m a tic a lly

(b o o k k e e p in g

th e

set o f re co rd s

a n t,

m ay

B

a

re co rd s

b a la n c e

C la s s

m a c h in e

o f

in

C la s s
o f a

m a c h in e .

B ille r ,

K eeps
in b a s i c

p rop er

re p o rts ,
B ille r ,

-

an d e x p e r ie n c e

to

fo llo w s :

A

O P E R A T O R

T h is

b o o k k e e p in g
r o u tin e

am on g

as

on e

s im p le

r e g is te r s ;

s u b s id ia r y
not

p r in c ip le s
w o rk

w o rk e rs .

le d g e r s

r e q u ir e

but
is

r o u t in e

in v o u c h e r

v ou ch ers

d oes

m o re

v o u ch e rs,

p o s tin g
jo b

or

jo u r n a l

e n te r in g

a c c o u n tin g

se v e ra l

p e r fo rm s

p o s tin g

is

a

fo u n d

c o n tr o lle d

k n o w le d g e
in

s u b d iv id e d

o ffic e s
on

a

o f
in

fu n c­

18

C L E R K ,

K E Y -P U N C H

F IL E
C la s s

A

-

R e s p o n s ib le

fo r

sy stem .

C la s s ifie s

m ay

file

th is

m a te r ia l.

c o n ju n c t io n

w it h

file s

in

a ls o

m a te r ia l

in

th e

m a in t a in in g

a n d in d e x e s
o r

file s .

M ay

k eep

s u p e r v is e

M ay

and

e s t a b lis h e d

co rre sp o n d e n ce
re co rd s

oth ers

p e r fo rm

or

in

oth er

of

v a r io u s

filin g

in c id e n ta l

and

ty p es

lo c a tin g

c le r ic a l

U nder

filin g

m a te r ia l;

d u tie s .

b ilitie s ,
by

p u n c h in g

u s in g

C la s s

B

-

P e r fo r m s

a lr e a d y b e e n

te r ia l
C L E R K ,

in

th e

file s .

an

a

fo llo w in g :
o f

to

o f

a s s is ts

in c id e n ta l

m ak e

m a t e r ia l

in

th a t

lo c a tin g

c le r ic a l

of

fo llo w

o rd e rs

m a te r ia l

in v o lv e

cu sto m e rs;

u p th e

fille d .

fo r

D u t ie s

to

sh eet;

r a t in g

cu sto m e rs,

p r ic e s

to

be

o rd e rs

p e r s o n a lly .

o rd e r

c r e d it
o f

cu stom ers*

o r

ite m s
on

p a rtm en ts

file

p e r fo rm

u s u a lly
or

M ay

o rd e r;

d is tr ib u tin g
M ay

ch eck

m a k in g

c h e c k in g
ord er

w it h

in fo r m a tio n
d e v ic e

v e r ify

O F F IC E

d u tie s .

o rd e rs

see

r e c e iv e d ,

to

and

th a t

ch eck

out

an

p r ic e s

c r e d it

a c k n o w le d g e

m e r c h a n d is e

c o m b in a t io n

sh eets

cu sto m e r,

up

or

any

to

th ey

have

s h ip p in g

by

of

o rd e r

th e

sh eet

o f

and

d a ta

on

th e

b a sed

on p a y r o ll
out

tr ib u tin g

w ages

sh e ets.
or

ra te,

and

e n v e lo p e s .

m en ts

fo r

k eep

d e n tia l

d u ty

o th er

C om p tom eter

p e r fo rm a n ce

is

to

su ch

as

a

en ters

th e

C a lc u la tin g

p o s tin g

o f

in

oth er

s ib ilitie s ,

p le te d

ca rd s

K eeps

d u tie s

su ch

oth er

as

file s

su ch

as

s e a le r s

m in o r

fo llo w in g

by

o f

u s in g

p u n ch

r u n n in g

o r

c le r ic a l

ta k in g

d ic ta tio n
or

o r

p rep a re

th e

r e c e iv in g

th e

ca rd s .

e rra n d s,

m a ile r s ,

o p e n in g

w ork .

w r itin g

r o u t in e

record ed

or

rep orts

m a c h in e

o ffic e ;
on

or

c o n fi­

in it ia t iv e ;

u sed )

e ith e r

t r a n s c r ib in g

in fo r m a tio n

an

a n s w e r in g

a tr a n s c r ib in g

o r m e m o ra n d a fo r

in

a p p o in t ­

ow n

not

and

on

s u p e r io r

m a k in g

im p o r ta n t

is

m a c h in e ,

re p ro d u ce d

a

in to

and

co rre sp o n d e n ce

s im ila r

in fo r m a tio n

s p e c ia l

fo r

in c lu d e

c o m in g

p e rso n a l

t r a n s c r ib in g

sten oty p e

d u tie s

D u t ie s

p e o p le

h a n d lin g

(w h e r e

by

c le r ic a l

p o s itio n .

c a lls ;

and

and

tota l
in

c a lc u la tin g

w ages

m a k in g

d a ta

w o r k in g

due.

up

P r im a r y
e ith e r

in

in

d ic ta ­

m a c h in e .

o f

s u p e r io r .

m o re

p e rs o n s ,

G E N E R A L

n orm a l

M ay

file s

r o u t in e

w r ite r .

d is ­

and

m a c h in e .

d u ty

sh orth a n d
M ay

in

a ls o

a

c le r k ,

w h ic h ,

C om p tom eter

is

not

w h ic h

u se

to

be

ty p e

s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

m ay

o f

th is

to p e r fo r m

c o n fu s e d

in v o lv e

m a th e­

w ith

m a c h in e

i^

P r im a r y

th a t

o f

e ith e r

in

u se

of

v a r ie d

te c h n ic a l

in c id e n ta l

to

fre q u e n t

rep orts

on

file s

O P E R A T O R

(M IM E O G R A P H

O R

g en era l

re p ro d u ce s

u s in g

a

su ch

o r

m u ltip le

m im e o g r a p h

as

r e q u ir e d
s te n c ils

s u p e r v is io n

fo r

to

in k

and

p re p a re

d itto

m a te r ia l.




or

c o p ie s
d itto

p ap er

s te n c il

m a ste rs.

and

w it h
o f

no

fe e d
or

M ay

cou n ter

d itto
s o rt,

or

M akes
and

m a ste r.
c o lla t e ,

h a n d w r itte n

c y lin d e r
and

tr a n s c r ib e

w ritte n

(s e e

fro m

one

s im ila r

co p y .

r e c o r d s ,

th is

M ay

e tc.

o r

m a c h in e ,

in v o lv in g

d ic ta tio n
a ls o

D oes

tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

set
not

on
up

a
and

in c lu d e

a

ty p e ­
k eep
tra n ­

o p e r a to r ).

d u ty

is

or

to

by

ta k e

s p e c ia liz e d

o rd e r,

ty p e

and

fro m

keep

o r
to

one

su ch

as

co p y .

r e c o r d s ,

or

m o re

m a c h in e ,

tr a n s c r ib e

w r itte n

s im p le

fro m

s im ila r

v o c a b u la r y

re se a rch

a ls o

d ic ta tio n

ste n o ty p e

in

le g a l

th is

M ay

e tc.

p e rs o n s ,

in v o lv in g
b r ie fs

d ic ta tio n

a ls o

D oes

set
not

on

up

a
o r
a

and

in c lu d e

w ork .

O P E R A T O R

re sp o n ­

n e ce s s a ry

M ay

to

or

D IT T O )

s u p e r v is o r y

ty p e w r itte n

m a c h in e .

and

fr o m

s c ie n tific
in

d ic ta tio n

T E C H N IC A L

or

M ay

ta k e

sten oty p e

s im p le

w ork

sh orth a n d

ty p e w r ite r .

to

by

keep

S T E N O G R A P H E R ,

jo b

is

or

v o c a b u la r y ,

o rd e r,

S W IT C H B O A R D
U nder

not

and

e x e c u tiv e

phone

m a il,

w o r k e r s 1

d u tie s .

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E

u sed

r o u t in e

m a c h in e s

s u p e r io r ;

m a k in g

keep

Is

m a c h in e ,

d u p lic a t e

ca rd s

seq u en ce,

o th e rs.

s e c r e ta ria l an d

or

tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

ju s tm e n t

k e y -p u n c h

M ay

o f

a

n e c e s ­

c a lc u la te d

w o r k e r ’s n a m e ,

p a y m a ster

op era te

T h is

ty p e

b u t,

o f

in v o lv e :

r e co rd s ;

in s u r a n c e ,
u se

and

O P E R A T O R

P r im a r y
o r

fo r

a s s is t
M ay

c o m p u t a t io n s .

s t a t is t ic a l

D u t ie s

in fo r m a tio n

d e d u c tio n s

C O M P T O M E T E R

e m p lo y e e s

p r o d u c tio n

s h o w in g

p a ych eck s
pay

o f com p a n y

p a y r o ll

o n tim e

sh eet,

t im e ,

m a tter,

s p e c ifie d

m a c h in e .

w ork

r e s p o n s i­

ta b u la tin g

P A Y R O L L

e a r n in g s

a

in

ca rd s

n u m e r ic a l

v a r io u s

o ffic e

ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

m a t ic a l

on

G IR L

P e r fo r m s

sh orth a n d

C o m p u te s

d ays,

or

s u p e r v is o r y

th e

in

to

no

d a ta

re co rd s .

m a il,

a d m in is tr a tiv e

tio n

m ake

a

a n d w it h
s t a t is t ic a l

S E C R E T A R Y

and

o r ig in a l

m in o r

M ay

sa ry

or

a tta ch ed

OR

d is tr ib u tin g

fro m

fille d ,
w it h

d e­

d e te r­

o rd e rs

been

in v o ic e s

to

h o le s

on

ow n w o rk

B O Y

a n d q u a n t it ie s
r e s p e c tiv e

d ep a rtm en t

r e c e ip t

of

and

m a ­

o rd e rs.

C L E R K ,

s e r ie s

a lp h a b e tic a l

w r itte n

o p e r a tin g

Q u o t in g

th e

ite m s

m in e

filin g ,

lo ca te s

O R D E R

p h on e,

lis t in g

M ay

or

s u p e r v is io n

a c c o u n tin g

P e r fo r m s

R e c e iv e s
m a il,

r o u tin e

c la s s ifie d ,

gen era l

re co rd s

d u p lic a tin g
has

O P E R A T O R

k eep
s ta p le

a d ­

O p era tes
D u t ie s

sp eed .

c a lls .

file

m a tio n

of

c o m ­

F or

in v o lv e
M ay
to

re co rd

p erson s

w ork ers

r e c e p tio n is t.

a

s in g le -

h a n d lin g

w ho

to ll

w ho
a ls o

or

m u ltip le -p o s it io n

in c o m in g ,
c a lls

c a ll
a ct

and

in ,
as

o r

o u tg o in g ,
ta k e

te le p h o n e

and

m e s s a g e s .

o c c a s io n a lly

r e c e p tio n is ts

see

s w itc h b o a r d .

in t r a p la n t

ta k e

M ay

o r

o ffic e

g iv e

in fo r ­

t e le p h o n e

s w itc h b o a r d

o r d e r s .

o p e ra to r-

19
S W IT C H B O A R D

In a d d it io n
t io n

o r

ty p e

to

p e r fo r m in g

m o n ito r -ty p e

o r

p e r fo rm

T h is

ty p in g

tim e

o r

w h ile

at

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
d u tie s

s w itc h b o a r d ,

r o u tin e

c le r ic a l

c le r ic a l

w ork

m ay

of

a cts
w ork

ta k e

op era tor,

as
as

th e

on

a

r e c e p tio n is t
part

m a jo r

o f

s in g le

and

r e g u la r

part o f

p o s i­

m ay

th is

a ls o

in c lu d e d .
or

A

s im ila r

w ork er

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E
O p era tes

s im p le

or

on

a u to m a tic a lly

grou p s

of

fo rm s

o r

w ir in g

o f

p lu g b o a r d s

p la c e s

M ay

ca rd s

file

ca rd s

to

be

ca rd s

re co rd s;

sets

a c c o r d in g

ta b u la te d

a fte r

a n a ly z e s

ta b u la tin g

a c c o u n tin g

d ia g r a m s ;

m a c h in e .

in

th a t

out

M ay

O P E R A T O R

m a c h in e

p u n ch ed

d oes

th ey

are

in

and

and

p r in ts

a u x ilia r y

fe e d

tr ib u tin g

p r a c tic e

ta b u la te d .

and

M ay,

in

w ork

in c o m in g

m a t e r ia l
in g

sta rts

and

a d d itio n ,

A

in

fro m

-

d u ty

v o c a b u la r y

s c r ib in g
la r y

w ritte n
as

is

to

fr o m

and

do

in v o lv in g

le g a l

tr a n s c r ib e

a

b r ie fs

m a c h in e

s im p le

v a r ie d

or

d ic ta tio n

te c h n ica l
on

a

re co rd s .

c le r ic a l

rep orts

in v o lv in g

w ork .
or

M ay

or

u se

o f

la y o u t

a ls o

D R A F T S M A N ,

a re

D ra w s
p o s e s .
p are
under

U ses

to

s c a le

fo r

c o p y in g

v a r io u s

d r a w in g s
d ir e ctio n

u n its

or

p a rts

fro m
o f a

ty p e s

s im p le

o f

o f

d r a w in g s

c o n s tr u c tio n ,
d r a ft in g

p la n s

or

to o ls

p rep a red

or
as

sk etch es,

or

by

p e r fo rm

o f

a n d

-

M ay
oth er

p u r­

lim in a r y

sk etch es

fo r

D u t ie s

in v o lv e

p u rp o se s.
b lu e p r in ts ,

p ro ce d u re s;
p e r fo r m in g

sk etch es,
a s s ig n in g
m o re

and

and

a

o f

d e ta il

e n g in e e r in g ,
w r itte n
to

or

one

of

m ore
fro m

th e

or

M ay

and

d r a fts m e n
rou gh

in

p r e ­

In te r p r e tin g

d e t e r m in in g

in s p e c t in g

a s s is t

or

m a n u fa c t u r in g

fo llo w in g :

verb a l o rd e rs;

s u b o r d in a te s

p r o b le m s .

or

d r a w in g s

c o n s tr u c tio n ,

c o m b in a tio n

d u tie s

d iffic u lt




a c tiv itie s

p la n s

th e ir

s u b o r d in a te s

tr a in in g ,

re p o rts

or

su ch

or

to

p erson .
as

s o r tin g

m o re

o f

rou gh

a n d in v o lv e d

cop y
and

in

th e

w h ic h

u n u su al

m a te r ia l

k eep ­

and

fo llo w in g :

th ere

w ord s

fro m

s t a t is t ic a l

s p a c in g ;

d is ­

is

ta b le s

fo rm

le tte r s ,

co p y ­

a

fr e q u e n t

fro m

or

ta b le s

T y p in g

d ra ft;

fo r e ig n -

se v e ra l

ty p in g

r o u t in e

c le a r

one

or

or

ty p ed

m o re

ta b le s

o f

d r a fts ;

e t c . ; s e ttin g u p

c o m p le x

L E A D E R
or

as

a

or

so u rce s,

to

or

m a in t a in

fro m

rou gh

v a r y in g

th e

u n i­

d r a ft

d e t a ils

fo llo w in g :

r o u t in e

s im p le

a lr e a d y

-

in
to

ty p in g

sta n d a rd

set

up

and

T y p in g

o f fo rm s ,

ta b u la tio n s ,

spaced

or

p r o p e r ly .

C o n tin u e d

r e g u la r

a s s ig n m e n t,

a d m in is tr a tiv e

D R A F T S M A N ,

or

p e rfo rm

r e la te d

d u tie s

n a tu re.

S E N IO R

P re p a re s

w o r k in g

d e t a ile d

sk etch es

or

p u rp oses.

P r e p a r in g

d ir e c ts

in

ty p e

p o lic ie s ,

s u p e r v is o r y

rou gh

L E A D E R
and

a n oth er

T e c h n i c a l

d u tie s

d r a fts m a n .

o f w o r k in g

m a t e r ia l

by

p r e ­

w o r k in g

to
P la n s

o r

c o m p lic a te d

P e rfo rm s

fa c tu rin g
D R A F T S M A N ,

p r e p a r a tio n

sten oty p e

d r a fts ­

m a n u fa c tu r in g
r e q u ir e d .

v a r io u s

m ade

s p e c ia l
and

v e ry

te c h n ic a l

M ay

m ore

e m e r g e n c ie s

e n g in e e r in g ,

one

co rre cte d

b a la n c e

J
B

D R A F T S M A N ,

d ra fts m a n )

oth ers

o f

been

little

fro m

c o m b in in g

r e la tiv e ly

in s u r a n c e

not

o f a
o r

by

c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

fro m

v oca b u ­

re se a rch

JU N IO R

(A s s is ta n t

and

fo rm .

C la s s

tra n ­

P r o f e s s i o n a l

m an

or

g e n e r a l.

n orm a l

W ork ers

s p e c ia liz e d

s c ie n tific

fo r m

cop y ;

fin a l

G E N E R A L

t r a n s c r ib in g

cop y

d ic ta tio n

su ch

sh orth a n d

c o p ie s

have

re co rd s

P e r fo r m s

fin a l

v a r ie d

s u it
P r im a r y
fro m

in

sten og ra p h er,

m ake

in v o lv in g
filin g

p la in

fo rm ity

r o u tin e

a

m a il.

la n g u a g e

O P E R A T O R ,

to

c a lc u la t io n s

re c o rd s ,

C la s s

m a c h in e ;

m a g a z in e

ty p e w r ite r
a fte r

c le r ic a l

s im p le

m a c h in e s .

T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E

ty p e

as

tra n s­

a d ju s ts

e s t a b lis h e d

to

or

tr a n s la te s

do

a

b ills

p la n n in g

op era te

d ic ta tio n

C o n tin u e d

T Y P IS T

in g

d a ta

ta k es

c la s s ifie d

-

s w itc h b o a r d .
U ses

in fo r m a tio n

is

G E N E R A L

d u tie s .

w o rk e r’ s

m ake

la te d

w ho

m a c h in e

O P E R A T O R ,

w ork
w ork ;
d u r in g

s c a le

tio n s

by

su ch

tru sse s;

as

o f

be

or

ch an ges

u sed ,

on

p e n c il

D u t ie s

p la n s ,

d r a w in g s ,

a r c h ite c tu r a l,

or

e le c tr ic a l,

a

in

w r itin g

m ap s,
m a k in g

stren g th

w ork ,

is

d r a w in g s

o f

c h e c k in g

fr e q u e n tly

m e c h a n ic a l,

M ay

u n its
in
o r

o f
a

o f

o r

th e

n otes,
m anu­

fo llo w in g :

c r o s s -s e c t io n s ,
e n g in e e r in g

m a te r ia ls ,

in k

m a k in g
in

s p e c ia liz e d

and

m a te r ia ls

a d ju s t m e n t s

lin e s

c o m p le t e

e t c .,

com p u ta ­

b ea m s

d im e n s io n s ,

s p e c ific a t io n s ;

d e ta il

fro m

c o n s tr u c tio n ,

c o m b in a tio n

s p e c ific a t io n s .

p rep a re

W ork

d e ta il

in s tr u m e n ts ;

in v o lv e d

d r a w in g s

d r a w in g s .

in v o lv e

c o m p le t e d

a n d q u a n titie s ;
in

and

e n g in e e r in g ,

d e ta il d r a w in g s ,

d r a ft in g

th ose

v e r ify in g

to

tra ce

u se

p la n s
fo r

and

le tte r s

d r a w in g s ,

or

fie ld

as

s t r u c tu r a l d r a ft in g .

su ch

20

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A reg istered nurse who gives nursing se rv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other person s who becom e ill or suffer an accident on
the prem ises o f a factory or other establishm ent.
Duties involve a
combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressin g of em ployees* in ju ries; keeping re co rd s
of patients treated; preparing accident rep orts for com pensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carryin g out program s
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environm ent, or other activities affecting the health, w elfa re,
safety o f all personnel.

Maintenance

and

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth o r
Uses T -sq u a re ,
sim ple drawings

nd

plans and drawings p rep ared by oth ers, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil.
com pass, and other drafting to o ls .
May prepare
and do simple letterin g.

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

P erform s the carpentry duties n ecessa ry to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
crib s, cou n ters, benches, partitions, d oors, flo o r s , stairs, casin gs,
and trim made o f wood in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, m odels, or verbal instructions; using a variety of ca rp en ter1s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard m easuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dim ensions o f work;
selecting m aterials n ecessa ry for the w ork. In general, the w ork o f
the maintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent train ­
ing and exp erien ce.

Operates and maintains and may a lso su pervise the operation
o f stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or e le ctr ic a l) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which em ployed with pow er, heat, r e fr ig e r a ­
tion, or air conditioning.
W ork in volves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air c o m p r e s s o r s , gen erators, m o ­
to r s , turbines, ventilating and refrigeratin g equipment, steam b o ile rs
and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment re p a irs; keeping a
re c o rd o f operation of m achinery, tem peratu re, and fuel consum p­
tion. May also supervise these op era tion s. Head or ch ief engineers
in establishm ents employing m ore than one engineer are exclu ded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P erform s a variety of e le ctr ic a l trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of e le ctr ic energy in an establishm ent.
Work involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety o f e le ctrica l equipment such as gen erators, tra n sfo rm e rs,
switchboards, con tro lle rs, circu it b rea k ers, m otors, heating units,
conduit system s, or other tran sm ission equipment; working fro m blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specification s; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the e le ctr ic a l system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or e le ctrica l
equipment; using a variety of electrician *s handtools and m easuring
and testing instrum ents. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance
electricia n requ ires rounded training and experien ce usually a c ­
quired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experien ce.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ire s stationary b o ile rs to furnish the establishm ent in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam .
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a m echanical stoker, gas, o r oil burner; checks water
and safety valves. May clean, o il, o r a ssist in repairing b o ile r room equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or m ore w ork ers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by perform ing sp ecific or gen eral duties o f le s s e r skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and to o ls; cleaning w ork ­
ing area, machine, and equipment; a ssistin g w orker by holding m a ­
teria ls o r-to o ls; perform ing other unskilled tasks as d irected by jo u r ­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is perm itted to p e rfo rm va ries
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working
a rea s; and in others he is perm itted to p e rfo rm specia lized m achine
op eration s, or parts o f a trade that are a lso p e rfo rm e d by w ork ers
on a fu ll-tim e b asis.

21

MACHINE - TOOL O PERATO R, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

S p ecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine
to o ls, such as jig b o r e r s , cylin drical or surface grin d ers, engine
lathes, or m illing m achines in the construction of m ach ine-sh op tools,
gauges, jig s , fixtu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost o f the following:
Planning and perform in g difficult machining operations; p rocessin g
item s requiring com plicated setups or a high degree of accu racy;
using a va riety o f p re c is io n measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making n e ce ssa ry adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite toleran ces or dim ensions.
May be requ ired to recog n ize when tools need dressing, to d ress tools,
and to select prop er coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils .
F or
c r o s s-in d u stry wage study purposes, m achine-tool op era tors, to olroom ,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establish­
m ent. W ork involves m ost o f the follow ing; Examining machines
and m echanical equipment to diagnose sou rce of trouble; dismantling
o r partly dismantling m achines and perform ing repairs that mainly
involve the use o f handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of
the m achine to a machine shop for m ajor rep a irs; preparing written
specification s for m ajor rep a irs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassem blin g m achines; and making all n ecessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the w ork of a maintenance
m echanic requ ires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this cla ssifica tio n are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
P rod u ces replacem en t parts and new parts in making rep a irs
o f m etal parts o f m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent.
W ork involves m ost o f the following: Interpreting written in stru c­
tions and sp ecifica tion s; planning and laying out o f w ork; using a va­
rie ty o f m achinist*s handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to clo s e tolera n ces; making standard shop computations re la t­
ing to dim ensions o f w ork, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining;
knowledge o f the working p rop erties of the com mon m etals; selecting
standard m a teria ls, p arts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In general, the
m a ch in is ts w ork n orm a lly requires a rounded training in m achineshop p ra ctice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and exp erien ce.

Installs new .m achines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs m achines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are req u ired. W ork involves m ost o f the follow ing; Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop co m ­
putations relating to s tre s s e s , strength o f m aterials, and centers o f
gravity; alining and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
ord er power tran sm ission equipment such as d rives and speed r e ­
d u cers. In general, the m illw righ t’ s w ork n orm ally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al appren­
ticesh ip o r equivalent training and exp erien ce.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs a u tom obiles, b u ses, m otortrucks, and tra cto rs of
an establishm ent.
W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Examining
autom otive equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassem bling
equipment and perform in g rep airs that involve the use o f such handtoo ls as w ren ch es, gauges, d rills, or specialized equipment in d is ­
assem bling or fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing the
variou s a ssem b lies in the veh icle and making n ecessa ry adjustments;
alining w heels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body b olts.
In gen eral, the w ork o f the automotive mechanic requ ires rounded
training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a form al a ppren tice­
ship o r equivalent training and experien ce.




L u bricates, with o il or grea se, the moving parts or wearing
su rfaces o f m echanical equipment o f an establishm ent.
PAIN TER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecora tes w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishm ent.
W ork involves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface
p ecu lia rities and types o f paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing
putty or fille r in nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray
gun or bru sh.
May m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper co lo r or con sisten cy. In general, the
w ork o f the maintenance painter requ ires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and exp erien ce.

22

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the f o l ­
lowing: Laying out of w ork and m easuring to locate position O f pipe
from drawings or other written specification s; cutting various sizes
of pipe to co r r e c t lengths with ch isel and ham m er or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting m achine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driver or p ow er-d riven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to p re s su re s, flow , and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determ ine whether finished pipes m eet
specification s.
In general, the w ork of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce. W orkers
p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating system s are excluded.

and laying out all types of sh eet-m etal maintenance w ork from b lu e­
prints, m odels, or other specification s; setting up and operating a ll
available types of sheet-m etal-w orkin g m achines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, form in g, shaping, fitting, and a s s e m ­
bling; installing sheet-m etal a rticle s as req u ired.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker req u ires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experien ce.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good ord e r.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m ber's snake.
In general, the w ork of the maintenance plum ber requ ires rounded
training and experience* usually acquired through a form a l a ppren tice­
ship or equivalent training and experien ce.
SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a bricates, installs, and maintains in good rep air the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lo ck e rs , tanks, ven tilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing)
of an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow in g: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig m aker; toolm aker; fixture m aker; gauge m aker)
Constructs and repairs m ach in e-sh op, to o ls , gauges, jig s , f ix ­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other m eta l-fo rm in g w ork.
W ork involves m ost of the follow in g: Planning and laying out of w ork
from m od els, blueprints, drawings, or other ora l and written s p e c ifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p re cis io n
m easuring instruments; understanding of the working p rop erties of
com m on metals and alloys; setting up and operating of m achine tools
and related equipment; making n e ce ssa ry shop com putations relating
to dim ensions of work, speeds, fe e d s, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of metal parts during fab rica tion as w ell as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to clo s e tolera n ces;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p re s crib e d tolera n ces and a llow ­
ances; selecting appropriate m a te ria ls, to o ls, and p r o c e s s e s .
In
general, the tool and die m aker's w ork requ ires a rounded training
in m achine-shop, and toolroom p ra ctice usually acquired through a
form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and exp erien ce.
F o r cross-in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, tool and die m akers
in tool and die jobbing shops a re excluded fro m this cla ssifica tio n .

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between flo o rs oi an o ffice building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or sim ila r establishm ent.
W orkers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
P erform s routine p o lice duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining ord e r, using arm s or fo r c e where n e ce ssa ry . In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
em ployees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; ja n itress)
Cleans and keeps in an o rd e rly condition fa cto ry working
areas and washroom s, or p re m ise s of an o ffic e , apartment house,
or co m m e rcia l or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination
of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o r s ;
rem oving chips, trash, and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtu res; polishing metal fixtures or trim m in gs; providing supplies
and m inor maintenance s e rv ice s ; cleaning la va tories, sh ow ers, and
re stro o m s . W orkers who sp ecia lize in window washing a re excluded.

23

LABORER, M A TER IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; sh elver; truck er;
stockm an or stock h elp er; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)
A w ork er em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
s to re , or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or m ore of
the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erch an ­
d ise on or from freigh t c a r s , trucks, or other transporting d evices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in p rop er
stora ge location; transporting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck,
c a r , or w h eelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other r e c o rd s ; checking fo r shortages and rejectin g damaged goods;
routing m erchandise or m aterials to p rop er departm ents; maintaining
n e ce ssa ry re co rd s and file s .
F o r wage study p u rp oses, w orkers a re cla ssifie d as follow s;
R eceiving cle rk
Shipping clerk""
Shipping and receivin g cle rk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FIL L E R
(O rder p ick e r; stock s e le c to r; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping o r tran sfer ord ers for finished goods from
stored m erch an dise in a ccord a n ce with specifications on sales slip s,
cu stom ers* o r d e r s , or other instructions. May, in addition to fillin g
o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or omitted, keep re co rd s of out­
going o rd e r s, requ isition additional stock, or report short supplies
to s u p e rv isor, and p erform other related duties.

D rives a truck within a city o r industrial area to transport
m a teria ls, m erch an dise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, w a re ­
h ou ses, w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail estab­
lishm ents and cu s to m e r s ’ houses or places of business. May a lso
load or unload truck with or without h elp ers, make m inor m echanical
re p a irs, and keep truck in good working o rd e r. D riv e r-sa le sm e n and
o v e r -th e -ro a d d riv e rs a re excluded.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, truck drivers are cla ssifie d by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated
on the basis of tra ile r capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
P rep a res finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping con ta in ers, the sp ecific operations p erform ed being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. W ork requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or
m o re of the follow in g; Knowledge of various items o f stock in ord er
to v e r ify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting en closu res in container; using e x celsior or other m aterial to
prevent breakage o r damage; closin g and sealing container; applying
labels o r entering identifying data on container.
P ack ers who a lso
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P rep a res m erch an dise for shipment, or re ce iv e s and is r e ­
sponsible fo r incom ing shipment of m erchandise or other m a terials.
Shipping w ork in v olv es: A knowledge of shipping p ro ce d u re s, p r a c ­
tice s ] ro u tes, available means of transportation and rates; and p r e ­
paring re co rd s of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, p o s t­
ing weight and shipping ch a rg es, and keeping a file of shipping re c o rd s .
May d irect o r a s s is t in preparing the m erchandise fo r shipment.
R eceiving w ork in v olv es: V erifying or directing others in verifying
the co rre ctn e s s o? shipments against bills of lading, in v oices, or




T ru ck d river (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ck d river, light (under IV2 tons)
T ru ck d river, medium (lVa to and including 4 tons)
T ru ck d river, heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
T ru ck d river, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually con trolled ga solin e- or e le ctric-p o w e re d
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about
a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F o r wage study pu rp oses, w orkers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:
T ru ck er, power (forklift)
T ru ck er, pow er (other than fo rk lift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of p rem ises p e rio d ica lly in protecting property
against fir e , theft, and illegal entry.

☆

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1956 0 — 386769


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102