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Occupational Wage Survey

FO RT W O R TH , T E X A S
NOVEMBER 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-23




U IT DS A E D P R M N O L B R
N E T T S EAT E T F AO
A u J G b S ta
rth r . old erg, ecre ry
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C lagua, Commissionar




O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y




FO R T W O RTH, T EX A S
NOVEMBER 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-23
January 1961

U IT DS A E D P R M N O L B R
N E T T S EAT E T F AO
A u J G b S ry
rth r . old erg, ecreta
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C lagua, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




P r e fa c e

C on ten ts
Page

T h e C o m m u n ity W age S u r v e y P r o g r a m
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s r e g u l a r l y co n d u cts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f im p o r ta n t in d u s t r ia l
c e n t e r s . T h e s t u d ie s , m a d e fr o m la te f a l l to e a r l y s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n t a r y
b e n e fit s . A p r e l im in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f th e stu d y in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in the m o n th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
d a ta n ot in c lu d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lt s o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a f t e r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin f o r th e c u r r e n t rou n d o f s u r v e y s .

In tro d u c tio n _____________________________________________________
W age tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ______________________
T a b le s :

1.
2.

A:

T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o f fic e in A tla n ta , G a. , b y D o n ald M . C r u s e , u n d e r the
d ir e c t io n o f L o u is B . W o y ty ch , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c ­
t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r ia l R e la t io n s .




1
4

B:

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y __________
P e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s _______
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - 1.
O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s ___________________________________
A - 2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s ________________
A - 3.
M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s _______________
A -4 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s _________

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e
p r o v is io n s : *
B -l.
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia ls ___________________________________
B - 2 . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m en o f fic e
w o r k e r s ___________________________________________
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs ______________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o l i d a y s _______________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t io n s ______________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p l a n s _________________

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________

* NOTE:
S im il a r ta b u la tio n s f o r m o s t o f th e s e it e m s a r e
a v a ila b le in th e F o r t W o rth a r e a r e p o r t f o r N o v e m b e r 1959,
a s w e ll a s in s i m i l a r r e p o r t s f o r the o th e r m a jo r a r e a s .
A d i r e c t o r y in d ic a tin g d a te o f s tu d y and the p r i c e o f the
r e p o r t s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.

iii

3
3

5
7
8
9

11
12
12
13
14
16
17




O c c u p a tio n a l

W age

S u r v e y — Fort W o r t h , T e x .

Introduction

T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p o r ta n t in d u s t r ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich th e U. S. D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r *s B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s h as
co n d u cted s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,1
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il
t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g
fe w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th e y fu r n is h in s u ff ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d to w a r ­
ra n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cte d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s . To o b tain
a p p r o p r ia t e a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g the d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s
b a s e d on th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e , a s r e ­
la tin g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g ro u p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in gs
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
ta k e a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e
jo b . (See a p p en d ix f o r lis t in g o f t h e s e d e s c r ip t io n s .) E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n te d (in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r th e fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in t e ­
n a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.

l a t e s h if t s .
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u s e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h ere w e e k ly
h o u rs a r e r e p o r te d , a s fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (ro u n d ed to th e n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w h ich
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s a r e p aid ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e
o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n ro u n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m en a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w h ich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D if f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s o f m e n and w o m en in th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
l a r g e l y due to (1) d if f e r e n c e s in the d is t r ib u t io n o f the s e x e s am o n g
in d u s t r ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s ; (2) d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r ­
fo r m e d , a lth o u g h the o c c u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ith in
the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d if f e r e n c e s in le n g th o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d ju s te d on th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w ou ld r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e p a y
w hen b oth s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the s a m e r a te ra n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d in c l a s s if y in g e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a l ly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d if f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if ic d u tie s
p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu d y and n ot the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l ly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e am o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in ed
fr o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do not m a t e r i a l l y a ff e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s d a ta.
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s

In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fit s a s th e y r e ­
la te to o ffic e and p la n t w o r k e r s .
T h e t e r m ’’o f fic e w o r k e r s , ” a s u s e d
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r
in th is b u lle tin , in c lu d e s w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
f u l l - t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
u le in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s if ic a t io n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e
i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. ’’P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
clu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e ,
R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f t h e s e s t u d ie s e x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
,
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u t iliz e d a s a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
w e r e in c lu d e d in a l l o f the a r e a s s tu d ie d s in c e J u ly 19 59, e x c e p t
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s ­
B a lt im o r e , B u ffa lo , C le v e la n d , and S e a t t le .
R a ilr o a d s a r e n ow in ­
t r i e s , but a r e in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s .
clu d e d in th e s c o p e o f a l l la b o r - m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s .

1




2
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s t r ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t, and (b) e ff e c t iv e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n te d on th e b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d s h ift at the t im e ’ o f the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g v a r ie d d if f e r e n t ia ls , the am o u n t a p p ly in g to
a m a j o r it y w a s u s e d o r , i f no am oun t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n " o t h e r 1' w a s u s e d .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e l a t e s h ift h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f it a p p lie d to a m a o r it y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e r a t e s (ta b le B -2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d on an e s t a b lis h m e n t , r a t h e r
th an on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t ic a l l y on the
b a s is th a t th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f fic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t i c e s lis t e d . S ch e d u le d h o u r s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t ic a l l y on the b a s is
th a t th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f fic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g, s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in t h e s e
ta b u la tio n s m a y not e q u a l t o ta ls .
T he f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly p r o v id e d .
The secon d p a rt
c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh o w to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s is lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , e x c lu d in g in fo r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith p a y is g r a n te d
a t the d is c r e t io n o f th e e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in co m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , s u c h
a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f an n u al e a r n in g s , o r f la t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in th e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
an n u al e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s th e e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .

2

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a p o lic y i f it m e t
e it h e r o f th e fo llo w in g co n d itio n s; (1) O p e r a te d la te s h ift s a t th e tim e
o f th e s u r v e y , o r (2) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h if t s .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s ( f ir s t s e c t io n o f
ta b le B -3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r i o r to J u ly 1957 w e r e p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f the p r o p o r tio n o f w o m en o f fic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f fic e s
w ith th e in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r w o m en w o r k e r s .

3




D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p la n s f o r w h ich at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
S u ch p la n s in c lu d e th o s e
u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e co m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d
th ro u g h a union fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y th e e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t
o p e r a tin g funds o r fr o m a fund s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a th
b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d as a fo r m o f lif e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to th a t ty p e o f in ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u r in g il l n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s to w h ic h the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h
h a v e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
tr ib u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e
f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r tio n o f th e w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e fr o m w o r k
b e c a u se of illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) .p lans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n ta t io n o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica te d to ta l is
sh o w n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e it h e r o r b oth ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b eyo n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s 1 f e e s . S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a t io n s o r th e y m a y be
s e l f - in s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to
th o s e p la n s th a t p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f th e
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

4
5

T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lif o r n ia and R h od e Is la n d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s .
A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f
it e s t a b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s i c k le a v e th a t
co u ld b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . S u c h a p la n n e e d n ot b e w r it t e n ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .

3

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Fort Worth, Tex.

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions

_________________________________________

by major industry division, 2 November I960

Number of establishments
W ithin
scope of
study 3

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
Total 4

Office

Plant

Total 4

__ ___

50

356

122

84, 900

15, 000

51,1 0 0

60, 080

Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------- — ------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------- ----------------------Transportation, communication, and other
public utilities 5 -----------------------------------------------------------Wholesale trade ------------------------ ----------------------- ---------Retail trade ------------------------------------------------ -------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate --------------- ------S e rv ice s7 --------------------------------------------------- ------------ __

50
50

131
225

48
74

45, 500
39, 400

6, 400
8, 600

28, 500
22, 600

36, 050
24, 030

50
50
50
50
50

33
47
80
34
31

19
10
24
10
1.1

12,
4,
15,
3,
3,

2, 000
(6)
()
(*)
(6)

200
900
400
800
100

6, 600
(!)
(!)

(!)

(6)

11,
1,
8,
1,
1,

120
300
310
910
390

1 The Fort Worth Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (Johnson and Tarrant Counties).
The "w orkers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate
description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment
indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and,
(2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
Major changes from the earlier edition (used in
the Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail)
to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m inim um -size limitation.
All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair
service, and m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables.
Separate presentation of data for this division is not made
for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separat*
presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels; personal service s; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




Table 2. Percents of change in standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups in Fort Worth, Tex. ,
November 1959 to November I960
Occupational groups
Office clerical (women) ---------------------------------------Industrial nurses (women) -----------------------------------Skilled maintenance (men) -----------------------------------Unskilled plant (men) --------------------------------------------

A ll
industries
4.
.
4.
1-.

9
5
3
5

Manufacturing
6. 9
1. 0
4. 1
3 .9

1 Increases for this group in manufacturing industries were offset by a de­
cline in nonmanufacturing industries; the decline in the latter group largely r e ­
flects shifts in employments in this job group between high- and low -rate estab­
lishments rather than wage decreases.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e p e r c e n ts o f change in s a la r ie s o f
w om en o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s .

T h e s e w eigh ted ea rn in g s f o r in d iv id u a l o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d
to obtain an a g g re g a te f o r e a c h o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio
o f th ese g rou p a g g re g a te s f o r the on e y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the
o th e r y e a r w as com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and
is the p e r c e n t o f change fr o m the on e p e r io d to the o th e r .

10
0

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen ts o f change r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w ork , that is , the stan dard w o rk sc h e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n ges
in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s, ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts . The p e r ­
cen ta g es a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin ea ch g rou p .
The o f ­
f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d on w om en in the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s ,
m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file , c la s s A and B ; c le r k s ,
o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ; o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ;
s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ; t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p ­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B.
The in d u str ia l n u rse
data a r e b a s e d on w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e re in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k illed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in t e r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ;
s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l han dlin g; and w atch m en .

1
0

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e re
com p u ted f o r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
The a v e r a g e s a l ­
a r ie s o r h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e e m p lo y ­
m en t in the jo b du ring the m on th s in d ica te d in the title o f ta ble 2.




The p e r c e n t o f change m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e su ch as la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n ­
s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls . C hanges in the
la b o r f o r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu a l w age ch a n g es. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sion
m igh t in c r e a s e the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c
o c cu p a tio n and r e s u lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e re a s a re d u c tio n
in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t .
The m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a co u ld
ca u se the a v e r a g e e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no change in ra tes
o c c u r r e d in o th e r a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
The u se o f con sta n t em p lo y m e n t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n ges in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N o r a r e the p e r c e n ts o f change in flu e n ce d by
changes in stan dard w o rk sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e ,
s in c e they a r e b a s e d on pa y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rs.
In dexes f o r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 f o r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts w ill a p p ea r in B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , W ages and R ela ted
B e n e fits , 60 L a b o r M a r k e ts , W in ter 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .

A : Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-1: Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Fort Worth, Tex. , November I960)
Average
N u m ber
of
w orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W e e k ly
h ou rs1
(S ta n da rd )

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s1
(S ta n da rd)

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

Under to. 00
and
$
40. 00 ■under
45. 00

I 5 . 00

lo . 00

I 5 . 00

lo . 00

I s . 00

70. 00

75. 00

lo . 00

1 5 . 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90.00

$
95. 00 100.00 105. 00 n o . 00 115. 00 120. 00
and
95. 00 100.00 105. 00 n o . 00 115. 00 120. 00 over
90.00

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A ________________________
Manufacturing _ __
__
__
Nonmanufacturing __
_
__
__ __
Public utilities 3 __
C lerks, order __

_

40.
40.
40.
40.

5
0
5
0

$ 98. 50
107.50
92. 50
94. 50

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
"

2
2
-

2
2

6
6

2

_

_

_

4

_

_

30

19

31

3

22

2

8

17

4
27

9
4
5

__ __

__

Office boys „ _
__ _
Manufacturing _ __
Nonmanufacturing _

231
92
139
63

— __ _
_

45

40. 0

83. 50

__ _ __

no
47
63

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

53. 00
54. 00
52.00

-

2
1

4
4

21

14
9
5
5

6

1

_

8
1
7
7

22
3
19
9

9
1
8
4

31
5
26
3

37
22
15
-

49
17
32

2

7
7
4

_

12

4

6

5

4

_

1
1

2
2

10
10

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

12
7
5
1

2 28
23
5
5

2

l

-

.
-

Tabulating-machine operators, class A -------------------

69

40. 0

106.00

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

1

4

4

4

7

10

7

8

21

3

Tabulating-machine operators, class B

66

40. 0

86.00

.

_

2

4

!

5

2

2

5

6

5

7

18

1

2

1

2

3

Tabulating-machine operators, class C
Nonmanufacturing
_

51
41

40. 0
40. 0

61. 50
59. 00

_

.

8
8

1
1

9
9

19
18

6
4

5

1
1

2
“

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

_

■

'

48
43

40. 0
4 0 .0

63.00
62. 00

2

1
"

1

17
17

15

2

-

12

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

3
-

_
-

-

-

-

6
-

.

-

_

-

-

Women
B illers, machine (billing machine) _ _
Nonmanufacturing
_

2

B illers, machine (bookkeeping machine)
Nonmanufacturing
_

— _
____

66
51

4 0 .0
39. 5

54. 50
48. 50

4
4

4
4

15
15

21

10

-

3

18

9

-

1

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A
Manufacturing __
„
__ _
Nonmanufacturing

_ ^ _
_ __
____

72
31
41

40. 5
40. 0
40. 5

67. 00
71. 00
64.00

_
-

.
-

_
-

11
7
4

14
14

16
3
13

8
4
4

4
4

6
6
-

4
4
-

7
1
6

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Manufacturing
__ _
Nonmanufacturing

_

227
27

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

56. 50
59. 00
56.00

_
-

5
5

19

_
“

7
6

"

_
-

-

_
-

“

_
-

41

41
1
40

20
2

17

92
14
78

43

20 0

-

“

"

287
91
196
56

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

78. 00
86. 50
74.00
90. 50

_
-

_
-

3
3
*

5
5
“

17
17
"

50
7
43
"

43
4
39
3

21

18
4
14
5

25

23
3

64
41
23
23

2

1

20

7
5
2
"

9

5
“

8
4

2
2

“

_
_

~

554
79
475
126

40.
40.
40.
40.

5
0
5
0

59. 50
68. 50
58.00
69. 50

.
-

54
54
4

84
84
8

89

102

16

35
3
32
19

48
16
32
14

54
13
41
41

3
2

86
13

60
4
56
15

22

12

77
4

1
1

1
1
-

2
2
-

.
-

.
-

_
“

.
-

_
-

376
305

40. 0
40. 0

48. 00
4 4.00

31
31

197
181

36
29

29
29

29
29

2
2

4
4

23
-

25
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

142
27
115

40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

55.00
61. 00
53. 50

_

27
27

. 9
9

30
7
23

45
4
41

17

5

2
2

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

Clerks, accounting, class A
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_
Public utilities 3
Clerks, accounting, class B
Manufacturing
_
_
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 3
Clerks, file, class B
Nonmanufacturing

—

_

_

_

Clerks, order _ __
Manufacturing __
Nonmanufacturing

See footnotes at end of table,




_ _

_

_ _
_ _ _ _ _ _

_

-

2

2

11

6

18

3

6
15
5

3

1

10
12

7

-

1

1

3

2

4

20

14

~

-

-

:
-

6

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division* Fort Worth* Tex. * November I960)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

A ra u aa
$

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
w orker*

W eek ly ,
h ou r* *
(S ta n da rd )

W e e k ly ,
earn in is
(S ta n da rd)

Under 40. 00
and
$
40. 00 under
45. 00

$

45.00
50. 00

s

50. 00

$
55. 00

S
60. 00

$
65.00

$
$
70. 00 75. 00

s

s

85. 00

$
90. 00

$
$
$
$
s
s
95.00 100. 00 105. 00 110.00 115.00 120. 00
and

55.00

60. 00

65.00

70. 00

75. 00 80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95.00

100.00 105. 00 110.00 115. 00 120.00

80. 00

over

W omen— Continued
5
3
2

8
6
2

3
2
1

1
1
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

5
5

-

7
1
6

1
1
-

1
-

_
-

19
8
11

7
4
3

7
2
5

12
8
4

16
16
-

12
4
8

4
4
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

41
8
33
12

18
9
9
7

9
6
3
3

13
12
1
-

23
18
5
1

32
32
-

18
18
-

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4

_
-

4
4
■

2
2
"

10
10
-

11
11

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

"

-

51
8
43
-

46
10
36
-

90
28
62
1

75
16
59
16

62
25
37
5

54
3
51
14

74
15
59
11

29
9
20
13

42
31
11
4

48
32
16
11

91
70
21
13

3
1
2
2

2
2
-

10
6
4
4

6
2
4
-

28
2
26
"

21
2
19
4

45
4
41
16

61
18
43
19

58
7
51
17

37
14
23
8

26
5
21
17

19
5
14
14

2
1
1
1

10
1
9
9

54
43
11
11

6
4
2
2

2
2
-

3
2
1
1

1
1
-

16
16
-

16
16
"

15
5
10
"

23
2
21
1

17
4
13

5
1
4
4

3
1
2
2

2
1
1
-

8
3
5
5

14
2
12
12

11
9
2
2

5
5
"

_
-

_
-

_

_

1
1
-

_

-

-

-

3
3

8
5
3

35
10
25

31
10
21

20
9
11

11
4
7

5
5
"

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
-

_
-

13

-

3

11

_

_

_

_

_

1
1
-

2
2

4
4

_
-

_
-

.

-

.
-

.
-

_
-

_
*

_
-

_

_
-

Clerks, payroll
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing

131
50
81

40. 5
40. 0
4 1 .0

$ 6 5 .0 0
73. 00
60.00

2
2

9
3
6

2
1
1

12
5
7

24
6
18

44
8
36

5
5

Comptometer operators _ _
__ __
Manufacturing _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing _ __
_ __

163
75
88

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

66. 50
73. 50
61.00

1
1

17
17

7
1
6

26
13
13

16
6
10

18
8
10

278
123
155
32

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

65. 50
77. 00
56.50
64. 50

-

6
3
3
-

40
6
34
1

41
8
33
3

35
3
32
3

95
32
63

40. 0
40. 0
39.5

54. 50
6 0 . 00

52.00

6
6

21
9
12

32
5
27

716
258
458
94

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

77.00
86. 50
72. 00
86. 00

_
-

-

33
33
-

387
112
275
119

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

70.
82.
65.
74.

00
50
00
00

2
2

11
11
-

150
33
117
32

41.
40.
41.
40.

0
0
5
0

61.
78.
56.
78.

00
00
50
00

15
4 15
-

125
49
76

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 5

59. 00
60. 50
57. 50

"

Keypunch operators _
__
Manufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing _ _
Public utilities1 __ _
Office girls __
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

_
_
__

__

__

_

____
_

_
_

_
_ _

___
__

_

Secretaries
_
Manufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities3 __

_ _
_ -

_

_ __

Stenographers, general
Manufacturing
_
__
_
Nonmanufacturing _
_
Public utilities 3 ___
_____
Switchboard operators __
_ _
Manufacturing __
Nonmanufacturing
__
_
Public utilities3 __
__

_

_
_

_

__ _ _

_ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _

_ __ —
__ __
____

Switchboard operator-receptionists
Manufacturing ____ __ __
Nonmanufacturing _ ___

_________________
__ _
____

5
2 *
3

6

6
6

6
6

!

35

40. 0

85. 50

-

-

-

-

1

1

3

_

Transcribing-machine operators, general __________
Manufacturing — __
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
------ _
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _

193
100
93

40. 0
40. 0
39. 5

55. 00
56.00
54. 50

_

-

17
1
16

38
33
5

67
20
47

24
16
8

27
20
7

5
1
4

1
1
-

-

7
7
-

Typists, class A
__
Manufacturing _ _
Nonmamifactnring
Public utilities3

313
75
238
49

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

63. 50
76.00
59. 50
63. 00

-

4
4
-

19
3
16
-

61
9
52
-

67
67
24

52
5
47
14

25
25
6

18
10
8
1

23
11
12
1

19
19
-

22
18
4
-

3
3
3

_
-

418
“ IT T
305
57

40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

51. 00
53. 50
50.00
57. 50

6
6

114
38
76
3

84
9
75
2

115
25
90
26

36
5
31
7

17
— rr~
6
2

25
9
16
12

8
8
-

13
8
5
5

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

Tabulating-machine operators, class B _

__

__ __

_

_

__
_

Typists, class B _
______
Manufacturing —
_ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
__
Public utilities3 __
__

_
____
_ _ _ _
_ __
_
_

__

3

_

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 14 at $ 120 to $ 130; 10 at $ 130 to $ 140; 4 at $ 140 and over.
Transportation* communication* and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows: 10 at $ 30 to $ 35; 5 at $ 35 to $40.




-

7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Fort Worth, T e x ., Novem ber I960)
Avbbagb
S ex,

occu p ation , and in d u str y d iv isio n

Number
of
w
orkers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
5 5 . 00
Weekly
and
earnings 1
(Standard) under
6 0 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

*95. 00 1*00. 00 1*05. 00 1*10. 00 1*15. 00 1*20. 00 1*25. 00 1*30. 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 00 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 . 00 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 13 0 . 00

and
over

M en

D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r ---------------------------------------------------- ---------M an u factu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g ------------------------------------ ---------------------

115
55
60

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

$ 1 0 1 . 00
1 0 7 . 00
9 6 . 50

D r a fts m e n , ju n io r
-------- --------------------------------------------------M a n u factu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------------ ----------

114
56
58

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

77 . 00
7 6 . 00
7 8 . 00

34

40. 0

10 3 . 50

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

1

3
-

8
4
4

32
26
6

15
11
4

24
24

3

12
8
5

7
6
1

-

-

-

“

“

20
1
19

8
3
5

19
14
5

12
4
8

7
5
2

16
7
9

5
5

-

4
4

-

~

8
4
4

7
7

“

13
13

“

2

2

4

1

18

6

■

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u str ia l ( r e g is t e r e d )

___________________________

1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




2
2

5
5

"

"

-

-

~

“

8

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Fort Worth, T e x ., November I960)
N U M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H OURLY E A RN IN G S OF—

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

$
hourly i 1 .2 0
earnings
and
under
1 .3 0

$

1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

1. 60

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1 .7 0

-

1
-

-

1

$

1. 70

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

5 ,
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3 .0 0

$
3. 10

$
3. 20

$
3. 30

1 .8 0

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2.7 0

2. 80

2 .9 0

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3 .4 0

5
5

3
2
1

4
2
2

"

5
4
1

12
2
10

8
1
7

"

"

_

"

-

1
1

36
36
-

2
2
-

17
' 17

4
4
-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

2
"

6
6

6
-

3
3

2
1

2
2

7
2

5
5

2
-

12
$

_
-

32
31

17
17

106
TO 6

21
21

_

-

3
3

“

“

"

_

1
1
_

4
4

10
2
8

7
7

1
1
“

6
6

6
6
“

6
2
4

-

1
1
“

4
2
2

36
36
-

_
-

18
10
8

11
11

_
-

2 29
20

1
1

5
-

15
12

4
1

-

3
1

5
3

7
7

-

-

10
8

25
"25

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

2
2

3

2
2

7
7

4
4

1
-

8
8

1
"

5
5

12
11

-

5
5

_

-

2
2

62

"

1
1

_

-

62

-

3

13

26
6
20
20

7
5
2
"

6
6
6

_
-

3
3

_
-

3

6
6
2

3

1
2
2

4
1

4
"

50
6
44
35

3

1
2

-

8
6
2
"

_
"

6
6
"

1
1

5
5

30
26
4

29
7
22

30
22
8

27
18
9

8
8

9
3
6

_

_

_

"

-

_
1---- 1----

7
7

6
6

"

98
70
28

$ 2 . 51
2. 74
1. 93

225
204

2 .9 6
5 .0 2

_

_

.

-

-

114
72
42

2. 69
2. 90
2 .3 3

_
“

H elp ers, tra d e s, maintenance
Manufacturing

104
78

1 .7 9
1 .8 9

M achin ists, maintenance
Manufacturing _

115
112

2 .9 3
2. 94

-

2.
2.
2.
2.

11
20
05
08

_
-

6
6
"

6
6

6
6

j 67

2. 23
2. 29
2. 08

76
76

2. 67
2. 67

_

_

_

-

-

-

47
47

2. 30
Z. 50

_

1
1

_

_

-

3
3------

_

-

-

-

82
69

2. 57
2. 67

_

-

2

_

-

"

3
1

1
-

139
— m

3. 00

-

-

-

-

-

C arpen ters, maintenance _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing . -----E le ctr icia n s, maintenance
Manufacturing —

_

—
---------.

~

-

E n gin eers, stationary
Manufacturing ----Nonmanufacturing

—

—

M ech anics, automotive (m a in t e n a n c e ) --------Manufacturing _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilit ie s 3 _
_
M ech anics, m a in te n a n c e ______________________
Manufacturing _ _ _
—
_ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________
M illw rights ____
Manufacturing

__ _
—

O ilers
------------Manufacturing _

_ _
_

P ain ters, maintenance
Manufacturing _
Tool and die m ak ers
Manufacturing —

1
2
3
4

---

----------

-------------

__

181
75
106
< 83

I
I
^218

3700

-

-

3
3
-

-

4
~ ?------

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes 4 workers at $ 1 .1 0 to $ 1 .2 0 .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
All workers were at $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 .5 0 .




-

"

9

3

3

-

19
16

9
9

9

3

3

-

9

3

3

-

3
2
1

2
1
1

2
1
1

1
1

1
1

_
12

4
4

17
17

_

-

"

3
3
-

-

_
"

_
-

11
11

37
37
-

_
-

8
8

22
---- 22

_

_

_

-

"

-

_

44
4

-

_

-

-

4
4

-

3
i

17
17

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

7
7

_

"

12
12

_

- —

"

-

-

-

"

-

-

3
3

-

1
-

3
"

_

-

35
32

10
10

6
6

_

_

-

5
5

_

"

12
12

_

-

1
"

4

-

1
j-

-

3
3

1
I

-

14
14

-

1

-

24
52
z r —

27

— T“i

"

8
-------- 8 "

-

_

9
-

1

—

"

---- Z7

9
T a b le A -4 . Custodial and M a te ria l M ovem ent O ccup ation s
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e hourly earn ing s fo r se le c te d occu p ation s studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in du stry d iv isio n , F o r t W orth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r I9 60 )
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

"0 . 50
and
under
. 60

E le v a to r o p e r a to r s, p a s s e n g e r
(w omen) -----------------------------------------------------N onm an ufactu ring ---------------------------------

82
82

$ 0 . 88
. 88

G u ards ---------------------------------------------------------M an ufacturing ----------------------------------------

273
242

2 . 29
2 .4 5

J a n ito rs, p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s
(m en) ---------------------------------------------------------M an ufactu ring ----- ------------------------------N onm an ufactu ring -------------------------------P ublic u tilitie s 4 ------------------------------

1 , 128

$
0 . 60 0. 70

0
0
0

of

workers

$

. 80

0

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in du stry d iv isio n

Average
hourly
earnings2

19
19

%

$

$

$

$
$
$
1 .20
1. 30 1. 40 1. 50

0.

1 . 0 0 91 . 10
0

1. 00

1. 10

1 . 20

2
2

30
30

5
5

1
1

"

_

_

34
3

3 17

-

17

-

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

1 . 12

37
37

31
31

36
36

67
67

50
3
47

173
44
129

1 .6 2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

19
19

24
24

_
-

4
4

25
19

-

_

_

-

-

93
39
54
23

9
9

_
-

1 . 60

-

-

109
65
44
17

10

3
3

1

21

175
34
141

1. 50

1

38
3

15
15

1 .4 0

1. 30

48

515
613
125

1 .4 3
1 .8 0

%

1 .6 0

$
$
S
$
$
s
S
$
$
$
$
$
1. 70 1 .8 0 1. 90 2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80
and

. 70

n

Number

1. 70

2
2

1 . 80

1. 90

-

-

-

2 . 00

2 . 10

-

3
3

-

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

91
28
63
15

17
9

4
3

35

15
15

14
14

8
8

1
1

25
24

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

_

1
1

_

5

-

-

37
18
19
“

48
19
29
5

24
7
17

77

4

8

1

69
46

3
2

12

14

4

10

4

35
35

8

4

.

12

10

_

2 . 20

-

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2 . 80

over

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

191
191

_

33
33

"

-

51
51

16
16

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

-

_

_

-

"

2

77
73
4
4

-

_

162
135
27
27

2
2

2
2

_

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

10
10

12
12

44
44

35
14

41

15
15

67
56

-

80
80

-

-

-

-

21
21

41
41

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

17
17

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_

-

11
11

_
-

3
3

-

21
21

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

6
6

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

23
23

2
2

_

_
-

9

_

-

-

150
33
117
117

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

J a n ito rs, p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s
(w om en) -------------- ------------------------------------N on m an ufactu ring -----------------------------------------

140

1.01

120

.9 4

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling --------------------M an ufactu ring -------------------------------------------------N onm an ufactu ring ------------ __ -----------------P ub lic u t i li t i e s 4 -------- — ------------------

86 4
383
481
132

1 .6 2
1. 90
1. 39
1 .9 6

_

.

.

14

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

O rd er f ille r s _______________________________________
M an ufactu ring -------------------------------------------------N on m an ufactu ring --------------------------------

29 4
80
21 4

1 .4 8
1 .6 7
1 .4 1

_

_

_

8

8

1

44

23

22

-

-

-

-

-

8

1

22
22

10

8

53
4
49

42

-

2
21

4
18

P a c k e r s , shipping ------------------------------------M an ufactu ring ---------------------------------------N on m an ufactu ring -----------------------------------------

158
69
89

1 .5 6
1 .8 9
1. 30

26

20

11
10
1

11

20

4

_

_

3

13
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

4

R e c eiv in g c le r k s -------------------------------------------------M an ufactu ring -------------------------------------------------N on m an ufactu ring ------------------------------ ------

149
32
117

1 .5 6
1. 99
1 .4 5

29
5
24

16

14
-

13
5

13

-

2
2

16

8

13

12
6
6

6
2

14

Shipping c le r k s — — -------- -------- -------M an ufactu ring ----------------------------------------

151
69
82

1 .7 7
2 . 00
1 .5 7

20

14

-

13
4

5

-

29
5
24

-

13
7

9

5

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k s --------------N onm an ufactu ring ------------------------1 V1- p nti 1i p e
Jii * i
X^IDXIC Utl 11ll c b 4

42 2
85
31

2. 14

_
-

21
6
1

18
3

9

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 -------------------------------------------M an ufactu ring -------------------------------------------------N on m an ufactu ring ----------------------------------------P ub lic u tilitie s 4 --------------------------------------

928

1 .8 2
1. 90
1 .7 7
2. 35

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , light (under
1 V 2 tons)
---------------------------- ------------------------M an ufactu ring ----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




387
541
222

100

26
74

1 .66

~

'

28

122

59
4
55

61
61

.

.

_

_

.

19

-

-

"

-

"

-

8

-

19

18

32

20

"

"

_

_

5

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

4

12

10

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
5

4

12

10

8

2

_

_

-

-

_
-

2

20

18

_
-

_
-

10
4

21
21

16
14

7
7

-

2. 07

1. 32
1 .5 8
1 .2 3

3

6

4

60 I

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

3

6

4

54 j

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

-

-

7

7

.

29
|
!

1
29 ;

6
2

3

7
3
4

_

4

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

7
5

4
4

2
2

_

_

-

-

6

10
2
8

11
2
2

8
2
2

18
13

6

9
4

10

5

4

241
3

6

5

4

4

118
67
51

21

25

13

10

2

-

9

1

12
1
1

41
3
38
38

31
31

15

57
3
54
52

5

-

21

1

l

35
23

80
63
17

82
48
34

1

"

-

33
14
19
-

15

19

6

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
7

-

3

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

3

|

1
15 |

5 j

10

-

|
i

-

2

2
11

12

_

-

3

-

13

99
29
70

- j

-

6

-

3
3

-

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

42
642

10
T a b le A-4. Custodial an d M a te ria l M ovem ent O ccu p atio n s-C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv isio n . F o r t W o r th , T e x . , N o v e m b e r I9 60 )
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S RECEIVINCx S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

O ccup ation 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

T ruck dr ive r s : 5 — C ontinue d
T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m (lV z to
and in clu d ing 4 tons) __ __
----- _
M an ufactu ring
__ _ __
__ —
N on m an ufactu ring _
_ ____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ________________

Number
of
w
orkers

318
52
266
104

Average
hourly ,
earnings

$ 1. 68
1 .9 3
1. 64
2. 13

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h eavy (over
4 t o n s , t r a ile r type) __
________
M an ufactu ring
__ _ __ __ ____

79
32

1 .8 7
2. 03

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h eavy (ove r
4 t o n s , other than t r a ile r t y p e ) __
M an ufactu ring

207
207
258
172

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fo rk lift)
__ -------- _
M an ufactu ring
--------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________
P ub lic u t ilit ie s 4 _
_________
W atch m e n _ ____
__ _ __ __ — ----M an ufactu ring
_
__ __
--------N on m an ufactu ring -------------------------------

$
$
s
S
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
s
S
s
$
0. 50 0 . 60 0. 70 "b. 80 0 . 9 0 1 . 0 0 1 . 10 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 l . 60 1. 70 1 . 80 1. 90 2 . 0 0
and
under
. 60
. 70
.8 0
. 90 1 . 0 0 1 . 10 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1 . 60 1 .7 0 1 . 80 1. 90 2 . 0 0 2 . 10

-

-

3
3
"

3
3
-

-

16

16
-

59
59
-

12
2
10

-

11

11
1

15
7
8

16

24

14

3
13
-

8
16

2
12

-

-

86

37
159
110

49

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

1 .7 8
1 .7 8

-

-

-

-

1 .9 7
2. 05
1 . 81
2 . 21

"

"

-

-

1. 25
1. 19
1 .4 0

_

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2 . 20

$
2. 30

2 .4 0

5
•
s
s
$
2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80
and

2 . 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2 . 60

38
38
38

-

16

15

5

10

-

10

1

2

9

16
8

5

52
52

3
3

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

3
3

3
3

31
31

13
13
-

27
27
27

-

40
40
-

-

3
3
-

_

6

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

42

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

6

i
-

-

-

-

12
12

48
48

42
42

3
3

49
49

-

-

-

-

11
3....

8
3
5
-

12
6
6

1 10
2

13
7
6

-

8
4

_

2

6

-

-

-

1
1

2

6

-

16

14

14
2
-

1

_
-

64
44
20

13
21

18
3

D ata lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s ex cep t w here o th e rw ise in dicated .
E x c lu d es p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts .
Includes 4 w o r k e r s u nder $ 0 . 50.
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
Includes a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f tru ck op era ted .
A l l w o r k e r s at $ 2. 90 to $ 3.




$

-

2. 70

2 . 80

ove r

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

-

16

-

-

-

8
8

7
7

-

-

-

-

16
10
6
6

40
40
-

-

-

-

"

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

8
8

"

!

4
4
-

30
30
“

19
19

19
17
2

1

1

"
14

4

8
6
6

10

!
1
2
3
4
5
4

53

2 . 10

10

"

-

6

"




B Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
*.

11

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s by type and amount o f d iffe r e n tia l,
F o r t W orth , T e x . , N o v e m b er I9 60 )
P er c en t o f m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s—
In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v isio n s 1 fo r —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

Second shift
w ork

T otal

--------

-----

-------------------------

W ith shift pay d iffe r e n tia l
U n ifo rm c en ts (p er hour)

--------- --------------

_ _

___ __________

____________

____

3
5
6
7

cen ts _ ----------- ---------------------------------------cen ts ______________________________________
cen ts ___ ______ _______________ _____
cen ts
_________ _______
_______ __
ll/ cen ts _________________ ________________
z
8 cen ts
-------- -----_ _
_ ---- --------10 cen ts
__________________
_____
_____
12 cen ts _________________ _____ __________
134/5 cen ts ------------------------- ------------------ _
15 cen ts __ -------------------------------------------------16 cen ts
__ _____
__ _______ —
-------2 7 2/3 cen ts ___ _______ ___
____________

U n ifo rm p ercen tage
5 p ercen t
10 p ercen t
15 p ercen t

___________

_________

__

_
___
__ -------------- __ __________
_______
________________________

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r red u ced h ours _________
F u ll d a y 's pay fo r red u ced h ours
plus cen ts d iffe r e n tia l _______________
No sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l

______

_ ____

______

T h ird or other
sh ift w ork

83. 3

76. 1

A c tu a lly w orking on—

Second shift

T h ird o r other
shift

17. 4

2. 5

8 1 .2

7 5 .4

16. 6

2. 3

73. 8

23 . 2

16. 3

1 .4

1 .0
4. 0
2. 2
3 .4
1 .0
3 .7
4. 5
4 4 .4
2 .9
6 .7

_
2. 0
-

.
.
.
.
.
1.
10.
.
1.

1
6
7
7

_
. 2
_
. 2
-

-

1 .7
2. 0
3 .7
9. 1
1 .8
2 .9

-

_
. 2
. 1

7 .3

6. 7

. 3

-

5 .9
1 .5

-

. 1
.3

-

-

7
0
5
7
5

-

( 2)
. 3
.4
-

_

-

5. 3
1. 5

-

-

7. 7

-

. 2

-

37. 7

-

.7

.7

. 2

2. 1

1 Includes e sta b lish m e n ts c u r r e n tly op erating late sh ifts
even though they w ere not c u r r e n tly operatin g late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t.

.8

and e sta b lish m e n ts with fo r m a l p r o v isio n s c o v er in g late sh ifts

12

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n of esta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce sa la r y for se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
o f in ex p erien c ed w om e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , F o r t W o r th , T e x . , N o v e m b e r I9 60 )
O ther in ex p erien c ed c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2

In exp e rie n ced ty p ists
N on m an ufactu ring

M an ufactu ring
M in im u m w ee k ly s a la r y 1

A ll
sch ed u les

40

A ll
sch ed u les

M an ufactu ring
A ll
in d u strie s

B ased[ on stand ard w eekly h ours 3 of—

A ll
in d u strie s

N on m an ufactu ring

B ased on standard w ee k ly h ou rs 3 of—
A ll
sch e d u les

40

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

____

122

48

XXX

74

XXX

122

48

XXX

74

XXX

___________________

40

15

15

25

22

52

21

21

31

25

00 _________ ________ __________________________ „ under $ 4 2 . 50 ------ ------------------------ -------- __ _
under $ 4 5 . 00 _______________________________________
u nder $ 4 7 . 50 ___
___________ __ __ __ ________
under $ 50. 00 __________ ______ _______ _____________
under $ 52. 50 _______ ___ _______________ _______
under $ 5 5 . 00 _________________ _____ ____________
under $ 57. 50 __________________ ____ __ __ ------under $ 6 0 . 00 ____________ ___ _________
_____
---------under $ 6 2 . 50 __________ __ __ __ __ __
ove r _____________________ _____ _____ __ ------------

_
15
5
4
2
5
2
2
1
2
2

3
3
1
1
1
2
1
1
2

3
3
1
1
1
2
1
1
2

12
5
1
1
4
1
1
-

11
4
1
1
3
1
1
-

2
25
2
5
2
7
2
2
1
1
3

5
1
3
1
3
1
2
1
1
3

_
5
1
3
1
3
1
2
1
1
3

2
20
1
2
1
4
1
-

-

E sta b lish m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------- -------E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o r y __ __ __ __ __ _______
__ __ ----- --------------_____
D ata not a v a ila b le _____________ ____ ____ __

27

11

XXX

16

XXX

26

10

XXX

16

XXX

54
1

21
1

XXX

33

XXX

43
1

16
1

XXX
XXX

27

XXX

E s ta b lish m e n ts studied

________________

_________

E s ta b lish m e n ts h aving a sp e c ifie d m in im u m
Under $ 4 0 .
$ 4 0 . 00 and
$ 4 2 . 50 and
$ 4 5 . 0 0 and
$ 4 7 . 50 and
$ 50. 00 and
$ 52. 50 and
$ 55 . 00 and
$ 57. 50 and
$ 6 0 . 00 and
$ 6 2 . 50 and

_________

XXX

_
18
1
1
1
3
1
-

XXX
XXX

'

1 L o w e st s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d fo r h irin g in ex p erien c ed w o r k e r s fo r typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s .
2 R a tes ap p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g i r l s , or s im ila r su b c le r ic a l jo b s are not c o n sid e r e d .
3 H ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s .
D ata are p r e se n te d fo r a ll w ork w eek s c o m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t co m m o n w ork w eek

re p o r te d .

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by schedu led w ee k ly h ours
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , F o r t W o r th , T e x . , N o v e m b e r I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

W e e k ly h ours
All industries *

A ll w ork ers

_______

__ __ __

__ __

U nder 4 0 h ours _ _
__
__
4 0 hour s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 and under 4 4 h ours ___
_
_
_
4 4 h ou rs ------- -------------------- _ ____
___ __
4 5 h ou rs
__ __
__ __
__ _
_
O v e r 4 5 and under 4 8 h ou rs
__ _ _
__ __
4 8 h ou rs _
_
__
___ _
O v e r 4 8 and under 54 h ours ___ ____ __
__ __ __ ______________
54 h ou rs _ ____
O v e r 54 h ours ____ ___________
__ -----

1
2
3
4

M
anufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries^

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

3
92
1
2
1
1
1

_

_

97
2
1

100

3
76
3
4
2
2
7
2
2
1

3
85

92

(4 )

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
In cludes data fo r w h o le sa le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.




(4 )
2
3
_
1
2
2
1

_
_
_
3
5

13

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Fort Worth, T e x ., November I960)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

Item
A ll industries *

A ll workers _

_

—

100

W orkers'in establishments providing
paid holidays
_ _
-----Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays
_

— -

100

100

100

100

100

97

-----

Manufacturing

96

99

89

90

94

3

4

1

11

10

6

5

2

2

-

-

1

-

1

1

23
18
58

2

2

-

24
30
(4)
4
13
4
6

13
43

12

9
26
27
57
81
84
84
89

17
29
30
73
86

Public utilities 2

All industries3

M anufacturing

Public utilities 2

Number off days

1 holiday
3 holidays
4 holidays
5 holidays
6 holidays
6 holidays
6 holidays
7 holiday?
7 holidays
8 holidays

_
__ _ —
__
_ __
__
__
— __
__ __
_
_____
_ ----- _ _
_
__ _
plus 1 half day _
_ _
plus 2 half days _ ----— _ — __
_
_____
___
plus 2 half days _
____
_
_ ---------_ _ _

(4)
27
49
(4)
2

11
2
2

13
60
1

.5
5
5
5

-

1

7
6
7

10

71
-

10

Total holiday time5

8 days
—
—
— —
7 or m ore days —
—
_
_ - _- —
61 /2 or m ore days __ ----- —
-------------6 or m ore days
—
_
— —
------5 or m ore days
------—
— - — —
4 or more days ----------------------------------------------3 or m ore days
- — __ —
1 or more days
------

4
18
18
67
94
95
97
97

10
20

22

82
95
96
96
96

58
58
76
99
99
99
99

88
88

90

71
71
83
94
94
94
94

1
2
3
4

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.
* A l l combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions were then cumulated.




and

14
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Fort Worth, Tex. , November I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Vacation policy
All industries1

A ll workers

— _

Manufacturing

Public utilities

2

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

--------- -------------

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
n
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

97
91
5
-

98
89
8
-

100
100
-

M e th o d off p a y m o n t
W orkers in establishments providing
paid vacations ------ - ------- — __
__ _
L ength-of-tim e payment _
Percentage p a y m e n t ---------------------------------F lat-su m payment
_ ___ __
------ —
Othe r _________ _ —
_____
_ _
Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations
„
__ —
__ ------- _

1

(4)

"

3

2

■

2
34
(4)

4
16
-

_
49
-

2
19
1

1
11
1

_
43
-

1
52
3
20
20
-

45
4
11
36
-

82

27
6
44
20
-

26
9
27
36
-

47
2
50

18
5
51
23
-

15
8
34
41
-

43

7
1
63
24

5
(4)
47
42
3

Am ount off v a c a tio n p a y 5
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week _________________________________
1 week ---------- --- _
_
--------- __
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
_ _ _
After 1 year of service
Under 1 week ____
_ _
___ ____
1 week ___
__________ _ __
Over 1 and under 2 weeks __ __
—
2 weeks __
__ ----------- _ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___
_
3 weeks ---------- _ _ __ —
__ —

____
__ _
_ _ _
_ _

_

_

20

78

-

-

26
54
-

22

14
1
60
23
1

10
(4)
35
54
~

29
1
70

12
1
61

7
1
38
54
-

28

_

36
(4)
38
23
1

-

-

_

_
_

18
_

-

After 2 years of service
1 week _ _ — _ __ —
_
_ _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___
__________
2 weeks _ _
_
__
_
___ __ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks __ _
____ _
__ __
3 weeks
__ _
_

-

_

-

After 3 years of service
1 week ___ ____ ________________
______
___
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _______________________
2 weeks
____ __
_ _
___ _____ ____
______
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________________
3 weeks __
__
__ _ __ ____
____

23

1

-

72
_

_

57
_

-

After 5 years of service
1 week
__
_
___________
___
Over 1 and under 2 weeks __________________
2 weeks _
__ __
_____ __ —
__ —
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____
_ -----3 weeks __ —
,— __
------ -------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks ---------- ------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




7
1
64
23

2
1

5
1
36
54
4

_
-

99
1

2

_
_

98
-

2

15
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Fort Worth, Tex. , November I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Vacation policy
A in u
H d stries 1

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic utilities2

A in u
ll d stries 3

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic utilities2

Am ount off v a c a tio n p a y 5 — Continued
After 10 years of service
1 week ----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ------------------------------2 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------3 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks -------------------------------

7
(4)
54
23
13
1

5

_

-

-

22
54
19
-

99
-

1
-

7
(4)
54
27
7
-

_
98
_
2
-

5
-

37
48
8
-

After 15 years of service
1 week ----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ------------------------------2 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------3 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks ------------------------------4 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------

5

_

-

-

7
(4)
32

12

-

-

26
74

34
25
(4)

29
54
-

7
(4)
32
33
24
2

5

_

-

-

12
28
54
1

26
73
(4)

5
12
22
54
7

_
26
45
29

-

-

7
(4)
31
2
34
22
(4)

_

5

_
17

-

21
3
30
39
-

-

83
_
-

After 20 years of service
1 week ----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ------------------------------2 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------3 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks ------------------------------4 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------

5

_

-

-

21
3
28
39
2

81
2

7
(4)
31
2
31
22
3

7
(4)
31
2
21
20
13
2

5
21
3
21
35
9
4

17
-

After 25 years of service
1 week --------------------------------------------------------- ----Over 1 and under 2 weeks ------------------------------2 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------3 weeks ---------------------------------------------------- ------Over 3 and under 4 weeks ------------------------------4 weeks --------------------------------------------------------- —
Over 4 weeks -----------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
service

7
(4)
32
-

21
23
15

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
For example, the changes in proportions
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 yea rs.

_

17
56
-

27

indicated at 10 years'

NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of time, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments,
to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.




were converted

16
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Fort Worth, Tex. , November I960)

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Type of benefit
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

—

M a n u fa ct u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

100

90

98

75

81

94

55

67

86

50

61

74

39
59

Life insurance ------------------------------------------Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance
----------------------- - --------- ----Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both4
___ ____________

--------------

A ll in d u s trie s 2

100

100

—

P u b lic u t ilit ie s ^

100

_

A ll workers _ ------

M a n u fa ct u r in g

PLANT W ORKERS

100

100

Workers in establishments providing:

74

91

73

64

77

Sickness and accident insurance _____
Sick leave (full pay and no
----------------waiting period) ----------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)
_ --------- _ ______ _

44

76

3

49

70

9

60

81

40

36

48

25

10

1

31

11

6

30

Hospitalization insurance ----- ----- — —
Surgical insurance ________________________
Medical insurance _______ ____ __ ____
Catastrophe insurance — ----- -----------Retirement pension ___ — _____________

86
86
64
47
69
5

96
96
92
60
87
1

71
71
67
36
71

80
80
62
30
58
IP

90
90
83
36
75

67
67
59
44
60

N o

h e a lth ,

in s u r a n c e ,

o r

p e n s io n

p la n

—

5

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick-leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish
the minimum number of days* pay that can be expected by each employee.
Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




at least

17

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O FFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E lliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.

Biller

, machine (billing machine) — U ses a specia l billing ma­

chine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

,

Biller machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers ’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B — Keeps a record o f one or more phases or section s o f
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—-Continued
payable; examining and coding in voices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in o ffices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ssifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerica l duties.
Class B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s. May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing older sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple cop ies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, colla te, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon si­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work o f others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

19

SECRETARY

TABULATIN G-MACHINE OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work

.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part o f this worker*s time while at
switchboard.




Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo s e supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations cmdday-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May a lso include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

20

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make cop ies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing p rocesses. May do clerica l work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
Class A — Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­

terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B —^Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc .; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

Draws to sca le units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties o f a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc ., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combiner
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records o f patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

21

MAINTENANCE

D P O W E R PL A N T

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, crib s,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May a ls o
supervise these operations. H ea d or c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
e m p lo yin g m ore than o n e en g in e e r are e x c lu d e d .




H E L P E R , T R A D E S , M A IN T E N A N C E

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O LR O O M

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .
M A CH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

22

M A CH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

M ILLW R IG H T — Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves m o st o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectingstandard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T EN A N C E)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
M EC H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary d u ties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M IL LW R IG H T

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




O IL E R

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Paints and redecorates frails, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. W orkers primarily en ga g ed in in sta llin g and repairing building
sa n ita tion or heatin g s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

23

T O O L AND D IE M A K E R

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U STO D IA L AND M A T E R IA L MOVEMENT
E LE V A T O R O P ERA TO R, PA SSEN GER

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R — Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures;polish ­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte*
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In c lu d es g a te men who are s ta tio n e d at g a te and ch e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

oth er persons en terin g .

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve on e or more o f the fo llo w ­
in g: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

24

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G — Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or. other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen , who load and unload sh ips are excluded.

O RD ER F IL L E R

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specification s on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and pertorm
other related duties.

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
R eceiv in g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

T R U C K D R IV E R

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow ing: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. P ackers who also make wooden
b oxes or crates are excluded.

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work in v o lv es: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. R eceivin g work in v o lv e s: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s i z e s liste d separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l 2 ton s)
/
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer typ e)
Truckdriver, h eavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer typ e)

T R U C K E R , P O W ER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ u S. G V R M N P
.
O E N E T RINTING OFFICE: 1 6
9 1

O— 582132

Occupational Wagt Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 2$, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285
Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, G a.— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—Port Arthur, T ex .-—Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285'
Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285* * Boston, M ass.— Bull. 1285-15
Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Burlington, V t.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. V a .— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285* * Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga.— Bull. 1285*14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.— Bull. 1285* * Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285Dallas, T ex.— Bull. 1285-21
* * Davenport—Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Denver, C olo.— Bull. 1285Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, Tex.— Bull. 1285-23

* Green Bay, W is.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex.— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F ia.— Bull. 1285Kansas City, Mo.—£ a n s.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—Haverhill, M ass.—N .H .— Bull. 1285* * Little Rock—North Little Rock, A rk .— Buil. 1285-6
Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif.— Buil. 1285Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285* Manchester, N .H .— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285Miami, F la .— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N .J .— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a.— Bull. 1285* * Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
* * Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N .J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285-19
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—Pawtucket, R .I.— ass.— Bull. 1285M
* * Raleigh, N .C .— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, V a.— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285* * S t . Louis, Mo.—111.— Bull. 1285-10
Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285San Antonio, Tex.— Bull. 1285*San Bernardino—Riverside—Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285^Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
**Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
* **Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N . J . — Bull. 1285Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ___ Bull. 1285-22
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
* * Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
* * Wilmington, D el.—N .J.— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, P a.— Bull. 1285-

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

*

Price, 20 cents.
Price, 25 cents.
* * * Price, 15 cents.








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102