View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

DALLAS, TEXAS
O C TO B ER

B u lle tin

N o.

1 2 4 0 -5

U N IT E D ST A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R




1 9 5 8

J a m *$ P. M itc h « ll, S e c re ta ry

BUREAU
Ewan

OF

LABOR

C la g u *,

STATISTICS

Committiontr




Occupational Wage Survey




D A L L A S, T E X A S
OCTOBER 1958

Bulletin No. 1240-5
J a n u a ry 1959

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BU
REAU OF LABOR S A IST S
T T IC
Ewan Claguo, Commtssiorwr

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.G.

Price 25 cents

The Library of Congress has cataloged the series
in which this publication appears as follows:

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

U. S. j
Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Bulletin, no. 1Nov. 1895Washington.




no. in
v. illus. 16-28 cm
.
Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

Library of Congress

331.06173
[r58t2j

v. 23-26 cm
.
Nov. 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. (2. Employee bene­
fit®
]
l Title.
(Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

HD8051.A62

The Library of Congress has cataloged this
publication as follows:

15-23307 rev*:

HD4973.A462

331.2973

U. S. Dept, of Labor.
for Library of Congress

Library
[57r52nljt

L 49—125*

Contents

Preface

Page
Introduction -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups -------------------------------

The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied.
This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year's surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.

Tables:
1.
2.

A:

B.

Establishments and workers within scope of su rv e y --------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straighttime hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percent of change for selected periods --------------------Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations ---------------------------------------------------- A -2 . Professional and technical occupations -------------------A -3 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations -----------------A -4 . Custodial and material movement occupations--------Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions: *
B - 1. Shift differentials ------------------------------------------------------B -2 . Minimum entrance rates for women office
workers --------------------------------------------------------------------B -3. Scheduled weekly hours ---------------------------------------------B -4 . Paid holidays ------------------------------------------------------------B -5. Paid vacations --------------------------------------------- -------------B - 6. Health, insurance,and pension plans ------------------------

Appendix: Occupational descriptions -----------------------------------

2
4
I ) 00 O o
T
'

This report was prepared in the Bureau’s regional
office in Atlanta, Ga. , by Bernard J. Fahres under the di­
rection of Louis B. Woytych, Regional Wage and Industrial
Relations Analyst.




1
4

1

12
13
13
14
15
17
18

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the Dallas area reports for June 1951, August 1952, Sep­
tember 1953, September 1954, and October in 1955, 1956, and
195 7.
The latter report was limited to occupational earnings.
The 1953 report also provides tabulations of wage structure
characteristics, labor-management agreements, and overtime pay
provisions.
The 1954 report also included data on frequency
of wage payments, and pay provisions for holidays falling on
nonworkdays. A directory indicating date of study and the price
of the reports, as well as reports for other major areas, is
available upon request.
A current report on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage practices is also available for auto dealer repair shops
in the Dallas area (April 1958).
A similar report for machinery
industries will be available early in 1959.
Union scales, indica­
tive of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following trades
or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit
operating employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

m




Occupational W a g e Survey— D allas, Tex.
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U. S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of-occupational earnings and related wage bene­
fit/* on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained by per­
sonal visits of Bureau field agents 1 to representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation
(excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities; whole­
sale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and* serv­
ices.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. 2 Wher­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same
job.
(See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -se r ie s tables) for the following types of oc­
cupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) main­
tenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

1 Data were obtained by mail from some of the smaller estab­
lishments for which visits by Bureau field agents in the last previous
survey indicated employment in relatively few of the occupations stud­
ied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified with employers.
2 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment covered.




Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the numbed actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term "office workers, " as
used in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing clerical or related functions, and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant
workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers
(including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional employees, and force-account
construction employees who are utilized as a separate work force are
excluded. Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufac­
turing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,* presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
3
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other 11 was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B - 2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited. They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statistically on the
basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a
majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for
the practices listed.
Scheduled hours are treated statistically on
the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if
a majority are covered . 4 Because of rounding, sums of individ­
ual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.

The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week1 s pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen^ compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com­
mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or
4
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of
paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
table B -3 ) in surveys made prior to late 1957 and early 1958 were
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
presented in terms of the proportion of women office workers em ­
form of life insurance.
ployed in offices with the indicated weekly hours for women workers.

Table 1.

E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scope of su rvey and num ber studied in D allas, Tex. , l by m a jo r industry d iv is io n ,2 O ctober 1958

Industry division

Minimum
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
m ents in scope
of study

Num ber of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study 3

W ork ers in establishm ents

Studied

Within scope of study
T o ta l4

!
Studied

O ffice

Plant

T o ta l4

A ll division s ------------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------

51

808

181

163,500

36,000

9 6,500

93,770

M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g -------- —-------- ------------------ ------------------------------------Tran sportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u nication,
and other public u tilities 5 ------------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------- --------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------------------------F inance, insurance, and real e s t a t e ----------------------------------------S erv ices 8 — --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

51
51

263
545

57
124

73,500
9 0,000

9 ,200
26, 800

50,400
46, 100

44,480
49,290

51
51
51
51
51

59
147
141
122
76

25
19
34
28
18

2 1,600
13,600
27,300
18,200
9, 300

5, 700
(6)
3, 300
12,600
<*)

11,000
<
6)
21 ,1 0 0
7
700
(6)

17,210
2, 860
17, 360
8, 310
3, 550

1 The D allas M etropolitan A rea (Dallas County).
The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table p rovide a reason ably accu rate descrip tion of the s ize and com position of the
labor fo r c e included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to se rv e as a b a sis of com p arison with other area em ploym ent indexes to m easu re em ploym ent trends or levels since
( l) planning of wage surveys req u ires the use of establishm ent data com piled co n sid e ra b ly in advance of the pay p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scop e of the su rvey.
2 The 1957 r e v ise d edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tio n Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry d ivision .
M ajor changes from the e a r lie r edition used in previou s
surveys a re the tra n sfer of m ilk pasteu rization plants and ready m ixed co n cre te establishm ents from trade (w holesale or re ta il) to m anufacturing, and the tran sfer of radio and telev ision
broadcastin g
from s e r v ic e s to the transportation , com m u nication, and other public utilities d ivision .
5
Includes a i r establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the are a ) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto rep a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion -p ictu re theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes execu tive, p ro fe s sio n a l, and other w o rk e rs excluded from the separate o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 A lso excludes taxicabs, and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation .
6 This industry d ivision is represen ted in estim ates fo r "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A and B tables, although covera ge was insufficien t to ju stify separate presentation o f data.
7 Estim ate rela tes to real estate establishm ents only.
8 H otels; p erson al s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir shops; m otion p ictu re s; nonprofit m em bersh ip organization s; and engineering and arch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .




3
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
s u r a n ce u n d er w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a ym en ts a r e m a de d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll su ch plan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w e v e r , in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ich
have en a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in su r a n ce Jaw s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s , 5 p la n s a r e in clu d e d on ly if the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tion s
o f paid s i c k -le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s * w h ich p r o v id e

5 The t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R h ode Isla n d
d o not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s .
6 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s having a fo r m a l plan if
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m ber o f d a ys o f s ic k le a v e that
c o u ld be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Such a plan n eed not be w ritte n ,
but in fo r m a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r * s pay d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e o f ill n e s s .
S ep arate ta b u la tion s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plica ted to ta l is
show n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .

C a ta stro p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s ex ten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in clu d e s th o se p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n ce r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a rtia l
paym en t o f d o c t o r s 1 fe e s . Such pla n s m a y be u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su r a n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d .
T a b u la tion s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plan s a r e lim ite d to
th o se p la n s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o rk e r * s l i f e .

4
W Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
age
T h e ta b le b e lo w p r e s e n ts in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
plant w o r k e r g ro u p s .

o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to ob ta in
tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a tio o f th e se
y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d
w a s com p u ted and the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d
g et the in d ex fo r the g iv e n y e a r .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h o u r s o f w o r k , that is ,
the stan dard w o rk sch ed u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly
e a r n in g 8, e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
en d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
The in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t
jo b s w ith in ea ch g ro u p . The o f f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file ,
c la s s A and B ; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k e y -p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o f f ic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t 8; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ;
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B .
T h e in d u str ia l n u rse data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s . M en
in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e r e
in clu d ed in the plant w o r k e r data: S k illed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ;
m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in t e r s ;
p ip e fitte r s ; s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d —
ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h an dlin g; and
w a tch m en .

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f (1 ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w a g e c h a n g e s; (2 ) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r , fo r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay l e v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e qan
ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout
a ctu a l w age c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sio n m igh t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c cu p a tio n and r e ­
sult in a d r o p in th e a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . T h e m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t ou t o f an a r e a c o u ld ca u se the a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d r o p , e v e n though no change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
T h e u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta.
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c e d by ch a n g e s in
stan dard w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e , s in c e they
a r e b a s e d on pay f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
co m p u te d fo r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e th en m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b .
T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l

Table 2.

an a g g re g a te fo r *each o c c u p a ­
g rou p a g g r e g a te s f o r a g iv en
(s u r v e y m onth, w in ter 1952-53)
b y the b a se y e a r in d ex (10 0) to

In d e x e s f o r the p e r io d 1953 to 1958 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e ts a p p e a r e d in B L S B u ll. 1 2 2 4 -2 0 , W ages and R e la te d
B e n e fit s , 19 L a b o r M a r k e ts , W in ter 1 9 5 7 -5 8 .

Indexes of standard weekly sala ries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups in
Dallas, T e x ., October 1958 and O ctober 1957, and percent of change fo r selected periods
Indexes
(August 1952 =100)

Industry and occupational group
O ctober 1958

O ctober 1957

P ercen t change 1 fromO ctober 1957
to
O ctober 1958

O ctober 1956
to
October 1957

June 1951
October 1955 Septem ber 1954 Septem ber 1953 August 1952
to
to
to
to
to
O ctober 1956 O ctober 1955 Septem ber 1954 Septem ber 1953 August 1952

A ll industries:
O ffice c le rica l (women) _______________________________
Industrial nurses (women)
---- ------- — — — —
Skilled maintenance (men) ____________________________
Unskilled plant (men) --------------- ---------------------------

131.6
127.3
131.8
130. 6

127.3
122. 7
124.2
123.5

3 .4
3. 7
6.1
5 .7

4 .3
4 .5
4 .4
5 .9

5 .8
6 .9
3 .4
4 .0

4 .0
2 .8
4. 6
4 .7

5.0
7 .6
3 .8
3 .3

5 .6
-.8
5 .9
3 .6

6.1
9.1
10.0
7. 7

Manufacturing:
O ffice c le rica l (women) _________________________ ___
Industrial nurses (women)
_______ ______ ________
Skilled maintenance (men) ------------------------------------------Unskilled plant (men) -------------------__
------------

127.5
125.9
129.5
130.5

124.4
122.2
124.5
126.9

2 .5
3 .0
4 .0
2 .8

4 .6
5.1
4 .4
4 .4

5. 5
7.5
4 .2
5 .7

3 .9
1 .4
3. 5
1.1

5 .0
9 .9
3 .5
4 .0

3 .3
- 3 .0
7.0
9 .5

8. 7
11.6
5 .9
6 .5

Unless otherw ise indicated, all are in cre a s e s.




A :

O c c u p a tio n a l

E a r n in g s

Table A-1: Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Dallas, T e x ., October 1958)
Avkxaob
Num
ber
or
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARN1NG8 OF—

$
Weeklyj
W
eekly . 30.00
hours * earninn
and
(Standard) (Standard)
35.00
V

Men

$
3 5.00

S
S
40.00 45.00 50.00

4Q.00

45.0 0

4 0 .0
4 0.0
42.5
39.0

«
•
96.00
108.50
92.00
9 0.00
92.50
88.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B __________________________
M anufacturing ______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
__
. __
__ ___ ______
Public u t ilit ie s * __________________________________
Finan cet ---------------------------------------------------------------

364
152
212
95
51

4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0
40.0
39.5

77.00
8 0 . 5o
74.00
75.50
66.50

.
_
-

-

_
-

3
1
2
2

C lerk s, ord er _____
Nonmanufacturing
R etail trade -

_____ ________ ____
_
___
__________________________________
„ _ ____ __________________

343
285
49

4 0.5
40.5
42.5

74.50
7 4 .5o
88.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
7

-

-

"

-

C le r k s , payroll ________________________________________
M anufacturing _______________ j______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____ ________;_____________________

65

39.5
39.5
40 .0

80.50
8 2.50
79.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

-

O ffice boys ___ ____ _ _
_ _____ ___
____
__
M anufacturing
....
__ .
___
Nrmmanufarturing
Public u tilities* ________________________________
Finance + --------------------------------------------------------------

276

49.00
'53'. 00
48.00
50.00
47.00

3
_
3
1

3

222
32
158

39.5
4 o. o
39.0
4 0.0
38.5

-

-

329
104
225
58
136

4 0 .0
4 6 .0
39.5
39.5
39.5

76.50
86.66
71.50
76.50
69.5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine)
_____
M anufacturing .
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

148
44
104

4 0 .0
“ 3 0 “
40.5

6 1.50
■67.50
59.00

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)
_ ....
Nonmanufacturing __
R etail trade _____________________________________

98
87
33

41.5
41.5
4 0 .0

55.00
53.50
5 1.00

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A _________ ___
Manufa c tur ing . _ .,___ _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _ _
. . .

246
53
193
59

4 0 .0
4 0.0
39.5
38.5

6 8.50
72.60
67.50
6 9.50

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B ____________
Manufacturing _
..
__
.........
Nonmanufacturing
___
_____
Retail trade _
. . . . . . .
__
F inan cet
— —
___ _

472
103
369
33
280

4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0
39.5

5 7.00
61.50
55.50
58.00
52.50

N onm anufacturing___________________________________
Public u tilities* _________________________________

Tabulating-m achine o p erators
___—
----------M an u factu rin g ____________________________ __________
N onm an u factu rin g___________________________________
Public u tilities* ________________________________
F inan ret
___
_
.
_

29

36

—

T T ”

4 0 .0

^ 5 .0 0

6 0.00 6 5.00

70.00

50.00 5 5.00

590
pro
450
176
33
88

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A __________________________

$
55.00 ? o .o o

_

_

_

_

_

2

9

-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

2
_

9
3
_
1

_

3

96
~ n —

83
11
66

73
— 9—
64
7
50

75.00

13
2 '
11
4

25
5
20
12

3

*95.00 f o o .o o A s . 00 f i o . o o 1^5.00
and
90.0 0 9 5.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 over

80.00 8 5.00

44

~~TE--------- —
28
*8
16

69
62
7
5
2

17
11
6
5
-

74
6l
1

69
6i
6

29
25
4

14
14

69
53
4

15
13
2

14
14
11

1
1

_
-

. 19
6
13

_
-

10
g

-

13
10
3

6
1
5

9

9

12

_

4
2

8

4
l

1
1

_
_
_
_

-

-

36

45
15
30
8
22

-

1

38
5
20

9
_
9

41
7
34

6
_
6

8
_
8

22

20
20
10

23
23
14

21

2
2
2

5
5
4

43

115
6
109
2
103

126
34
92
2
90

39
i

5
46
3
43
, 6
36

29
7
14

11
_
11

16
nr
4

7

l

1
13
— T3—
11

_
-

4
4

-

-

-

1

_
-

4
1
3

_
_

_
_
_

2

2

1

1

-

2
2

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

49
19
30
12
13

23
14
9
7
1

38
27
11
7
3

11

3

_

6

2

4

5
4
1
1

2

_
_

4
_
4

_
-

_

-

1

— 5--------- ---------1--------- — 5—

18
18
6
12

2
2

9
1
8
7
-

72
16
56
12
5

-

16
1(T
9

3

_

40
18
22
10
1

26
2—
24
1
21

4
4
_
-

61
8
53
14

29
5
24
14
6

-

2
2
_
-

74
l6
58
24
1
22

37
8
29
22
6

_
-

6
6

2
2
2
-

61
11
50
30
_
4

77
13
64
17
16

8

_

40
g
32
12
3
7

51
11
40
12
28

-

79
2 56
3 23
5
_
10

47
2
45
17
11
6

13
7

4
1 ...
1

34
16'
18
8
_

68
5
65
30
2
25

15
2
13
5
-

11
9
2
1
1

9
9
9

1
1
-

*70.00 *7 5.00 *80.00 *85.00 l o . o o

h

2
_

3

6
5

1
_

-

6
-

-

_

_

_

4

_

_

*

4

•

-

_

_

-

-

-

_
•

_
-

_
-

W omen
'

_
_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

26
2
24
2
22




’

14
l4
-

•

2

-

,

I

1

1

1

1

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30

33

79
5
74
17

11
2
9

28
3
25
2

24
13'
ll
10

8
4
4

14
1
13
9

2
2

64
13
51
17
33

31
9
22
2
14

27
11
16
8

49
19
30

26
4
22

3
3

5
2
3

28
22
5

19
2

T6

1
See footnotes at end of table.

33
n

"

15

15
3

"

18

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

_
-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly h oars and earnings for s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry d iv isio n , D allas, Tex. , O ctober 1958)
Average
Nbmber
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
W
eekly.
Weekly . 30.00 35.00
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
35.00 4 0 .0 0

$
40.00

$
4 5.00

$
$
50.00 55.00

45.00

50.00

5 5.00

$
60.00

$
65.00

<
70.00

$
75.00

6Q. Q _ 6L.QQ- 70.00 25L-Q-Q-. 8 0.00
Q

*
$
8 0.00 8 5 .0 0
8 5.00

90.00

$
90.0 0

$
$
$
$
$
95.00 100.00 105 .0C 110.00 115.00
and
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.0C 115.00 over

W om en— Continued
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
R etail trade _
___ _ _
F inan ret _
—

^
_

_

.................
_ .

__

_ _ _ _

_ _ __

640
158
482
81
203

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s E _ __ _
_ __ _ 1,659
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____ ___ ___________________ __ __ __
—
N on m anufacturing___________________________________ 1,331
Pu blic u tilities* _________________________________
269
R etail trade ___________ ____
_____
__ _
129
F inan cet __ ___ ___
.
_ _
684
C le r k s , file , -class A _________________________________
M anufacturing
_____
Nonmanufacturing
F inan cet -------------------------------------------------------------C le r k s , file , cla s s B __________ __ _
Nonm anufacturing
Pu blic u t ilit ie s * __________________________________
R etail trade ______________________________________
F inan cet __ _____________________ _ ___________
C le r k s , order
_
. _
......... ..
Manufacturing
_
..
_ ___ _
Nonm anufacturing _____ _____________________________
R etail trade __
C le r k s , p a y r o l l ____ __ _ _
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing
Public u t i l i t i e s * ___
R etail trade
F in a n ce t

. .. _ ....
.... . .
. __
_ .

__

Com ptom eter op erators
_
T
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing
_
Public u tilities* ... .... . . . "
R etail trade
F in an cet _
_

.. . .
__

.

.
...

304
40
264
229

75.00
80.0 0
73.00
70.00
64.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

39.5
59.50
T O 7 F ” “ "677517
39.5
57.50
40 .0
72.00
40 .5
57.00
50.00
39.0

_
-

13
13
13
-

188
3
185
_
13
162

273
5
268
10
5
243

"

51
n
39
32

39.5
39.5
39.5
40 .0
39.5

39.5
4 0 .0
39.0
39.0

39.5
1,119
1 ,0 3 1 " ” 3 7 3 "
4 0.0
93
4 0 .0
45
796
39.0

58.50
63.50
5 8.00
57.00

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0.0

59.50
TOTTW
56.50
53.00

473
— nr?
319
61
74
59

40 .0
39.5
4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5

67.50
68.0(5
6 7.00
72.50
64.00
65.50

_
-

64.50
70707T
61.50
72.50
60.00
58.00

_
_
_
_
-

D uplicating-m ach ine o p e ra to rs
(m im eograph or ditto) ________________________________

38

40 .0

59.50

K ey-punch operators
M anufacturing
N on m an u factu rin g___________________________________
Pu blic u t i l i t i e s * _______________
F inan cet ----------------------------------------------------------------

663
l3b
507
125
296

40 .0
” 4(575
4 0.0
39.5
4 0.0

61.00
68.50
58.50
68.00
53.50

_
-

O ffice g ir ls _____________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __ __ ____ ____ ____ __ __
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities* _________________________________
F inan cet

275
57
218
40
133

39.5
' 39.5
39.5
3 9.5
39.5

48.50
38.50
4 5.50
49.50
44.00

1
1
l
"

See footnotes at end o f table.




5
5
5

14
— 7----7
7

_
_
-

3
3
_
_
1

1
1
1
-

5
5
4
1

13
13
13
11
7----4
_
4
-

82
4
78
21
55

24
2
22
4
16

109
39
70
16
25

76
15
61
5
37

231
153
185
206
136
H ----- T7----- T O ----- TO1— T O ----218
138
83
136
91
4
15
28
27
46
18
25
4
15
23
125
41
67
36
6
86
86
81

48.50
1
20
426
332
166
" 47750' ------ T ” ” 20------ T O ----- 710----- T O —
56.00
13
15
25
41.50
10
1
24
7
2
10
380
271
116
45.50
-

326
no
206
66

572
39.5
T O T T " “ 39T0""'
358
39.5
47
40 .0
188
39.5
30
4 0.0

-

50
1
49
6
43

35
1
34
33

56
6
50
40

37
3
34
32

35
TO '
7
1
19

74
TO—
12
_
-

42
26
9
_
-

16
14
2
2

44
16
28
7
5
9

140
56
84
15
24
12

17
102
128
79
~ 1------ "T1------ T O ------ ” 1 7 --------14
81
66
83
_
5
3
2
12
21
45
57
2
5
8
9

65
16
49
14
6
9

29
6
23
4
3
8

75
36
39
5
21
5

52
” 26
26
1
23
"

78
24

54
7
4

181
50
T O ----- TOT—
156
21
106
17
12
1
4
17
3
14
9

7
16
-----?----TO—
6
6
_
_
-

61
78
41
83
13
“ T ----- T O ----- T O ----- T O ----- T O —
O
68
66
11
24
7
7
6
3
3
19

60
16
44
2
13
9

52
22
30
7
9

37
T3—
22
_
9

5
5
-

33
18
15
10
_
"

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

2
4
9
— 2----- — 5----- — 2----2
3
2
1
33
33
2
14
2

41
14
27
4
1
7

71
TO—
32
29
3
-

20
16
4
_
1
-

18
— 9—
9
3
3
-

90
19
71
14
5

36
11
25
1
-

_
_
_
-

3
3
_
_
-

1
1
_
_
-

2
2
_
_
-

4
----- 1
----3
2
_
1
1
-

4
_
4
4
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

1
1
_
_
_
_
-

1
'T O
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

2
2
2
_
-

10
4
6
4
_
2

4
4
4
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

2
1
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
_
_
-

11
-----9----2
_
1
_
8
12
2
-----j----_
T O ----- — 5----_
4
2
1
_
_
_
2
_
_
_
_
-

-

1

11

1

3

12

4

2

-

4

-

-

-

-

_
-

82
82
1
80

104
3
101
1
73

78
4
74
15
49

130
46
84
23
42

94
56
38
27
10

68
17
51
27
10

44
12
32
23
-

18
11
7
4
-

7
-

3
3
2
-

_
-

.
_
-

-

35
35
2
32

_
”

102
1
101
11
87

81
1
80
10
34

38
17
21
12
6

17
9
8
1
6

30
25
5
4
“

2
2
1
_

1
1
■

3
3
_
■

_
-

_
“

_
~

_
_
■

_
.
_

1

■

3
----- 3—
_
-

_
“

7
_
_
■

_
_
~

7

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b asis,
by industry d ivision , D allas, Tex. , O ctober 1958)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
W
eekly
W
eekly 30.00 35.00
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
35.00 4 0 .0 0

$
40.00

$
$
45.00 50.00

$
$
55.00 60.00

? 5 .0 0

$
$
70.00 75.00

10 .0 0

45.00

50.00 55.00

6 0 . 0 0 65.00

70.00

75.00 80.00

85.00

178
26
152
25
47
63

171
48
123
17
18
73

274
98
176
27
19
98

394
138
256

268
i5 i
117
55
18

329
"T5S
141
69

21

25

$
$
$
$
1 5 .0 0 1 00 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00
and
90.00 95.00 1 00 .0 0 105.00 1 10 .00 115.00
over

$
*85.00 90.00

W om en— Continued
S ecreta ries _____________________________________________
Man ufa c t ur ing _____________________________ _________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________
Pu blic u tilities* _________________________________
R etail t r a d e ______________________________________
F inan cet _
_ __ ___________
_ ____
___

1,771
—
1,287
252
181
524

39.5
4b. 0
39.5
40 .0
4 0.0
39.0

79.00
81.50
78.50
83.00
74.50
77.00

Stenographers, gen eral _______________________________
M an u factu rin g ___________________________ _________
N onm anufacturing________ __ __ __
__ _
___
Pu blic u tilities* _________________________________
__ __ __
__
_ _
R etail trade
F i n a n c e f __ __
____ _ ____
__ _
__ ___

2,313
916
1,397
391
84
419

39.5
4b. b
39.5
4 0.0
4 0 .0
38.5

69.00
f5 .5 b
6 5.00

Stenographers, technical ____
N on m anufacturing___________________________________

—

137

4 0.0
" 4"0\ O
'

7 0 T -

4 2.0
"1 0 “
42.5
4 0.0
40.5
4 0 .0

56.00
1.97*10“
53.00
62.50
49.50
59.50

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r s ________ _ __ _
M anufacturing ________________________ ___
__
Nonmanufacturing ___________________ ______________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s * __________________________________
R etail t r a d e _____ ___ ____ ___ ____ ____ _
F inan cet --------------------------------------------------------------

347
61
286
29
88

52

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists _ __ __ __ _ _
Manufacturing ________ __________ _______ ___ ___ ___ ___
N on m anufacturing___________________________________
P u blic u tilities* _ __
__
___
R etail trade __ _ ______ ______
F in an cef --------------------------------------------------------------

438
39.5
r w - "47r.<r
39.5
309
40
40 .0
4 2 .0
49
93
38.0

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a t o r s _________________________
Nonm anufacturing
__
Pu blic u tilities* _________________________________
F i n a n c e f __
__ ____________ __ ___
___ __

96
----- g l—
28
37

39.5
“ WT5
39.5
39.5

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , general ___________
Manufacturing
_
__ _ _
Nonmanufacturing _______ ___ ________ ______ _ ___
F in an cef _ __ __ ________ __ ___ ___

407
25
382
325

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
39.5

T yp ists, cla s s A
_
M anufacturing __ __ ____
N onm anufacturing____________________________________
Pu blic u t i l i t i e s * _________ ________________________
R etail trade
F in an cef
_
_____ ____

805
218
587

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
40 .0
41.0
38.5

T yp ists, c la s s B _______________________________________
Manufacturing __ __ _______ __
__
___
Nonmanufacturing __ ___ _________ _____
__ __
Pu blic utilities * -T
__.._, ______ , _r
_ .______ ,
R etail trade _ ___
_______ _
. _
Finan cet --------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,66 8

1
2
3
*
f

121

39
334
Z7B
1,390
108
128
798

39-5
4b. 0
39.5
40 .0
40.5
39.5

66.00
60.00

61.50
88.00

63.00
"52. b 5‘ 1
63.50
72.00
59.50
61.00
68.00
66 roo

77.00
58.00
56.00
60.00

56.00
54.50
61.50
64.00
61.00

63.50
58.00
60.50
52.50
6 o .5 o
50.50
52.00
50.50
49.00

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

1

9
9
9
_
60
60
25
_
_
14
14
14

1

1

_
-

2

1

-

-

2

1

-

-

2

1

_
_
_
_
-•
_
_

_
_
_
_
-

_

-

-

-

25
5

21

20

21

19
36

7
8

34

79
' 79
30
3
31

144

274
36
2 38
35

12

132
31
8

11

46

103

_
2
— 2------ —
65
52
“ 2------ — 3-----50
62
7
4
33
6

T

10

31
------ “
25
5

87
n —
56
7
13

20

1

17
17
-

-

1
1

10

1

78
78
71

116
1

6
1

21

7

-

12

194
4

497

190
12

485
23
36
356

28
150

12

_
4

21

1

187
46
141

12

7
_

73
16
57
_

12

115
104
149
43
106
10

20

409
103
306
90
24
96

61

9
93

8
4
2
9
2------ ---- 2----- ---- 9----- — 5 -----

38
52
---- ?----- 27
5----“ T ? ----48
13
32
6

2

18
7

20

4

11
1
1

67
76
83
T 5 ------ “ 37----- ~ n —
63
46
54
13
2
2
14
6
7
3
26
30
15
iS ""
15

8
8

7

7
7
7
48

85
13
72
72

50
9
41
39

188
37
151

200

101

54
146
43
15
65

19
82
25
4
41

87
48
39

102

5
62

22
6
110

536
80
456
43
37
194

194
37
157
13
15
76

11
1

13

1

47
19

64
38
4

1

88

139
30
109
25
4
45

167
60
107
60
15
14

144
87
57
15
_
-

186
155
31
4

27
25

277
ii

204
43
18

13
12
n — ---- g-----

12

-

25
12
1
9
-----j----T ----- — 5----- -----7----B
7
7
2
1
1
1
_
_
_
_
4
4
15
34
“ T9----- — 5----15
12
4
1
_
4
17
17
6
If
12
4

2

3
_
-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

10
1

11

-

2

14

10

1

-

-

9

-

-

-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular s tra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings c o rre s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 30 at $ 115 to $ 125; 15 at $ 125 to $ 135; 11 at $ 135 and over.
A ll w ork e rs w e re at $115 to $125.
Tran sportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities,
Finance, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate.




1

-

1

71
48
23

16

8
6

13
_
9
-

2

48
4
44

10

16

13
_
_
_
_
_
-

5
-

3

13
4
9

_
-

_
I
-

1
2

25

3
1
2

2

-

45
29

-

-

1

_

-

16

6
6
2

11

1

1

10

18

----- 1
-----

7
7
4

7
3
13

31

31
~ n —

24
8
16

10
21

15

4
4
-

51
25
26

2

21
6

4
9

126
•u
95
25
3
24

7
5
_
13
_
_
4
4
4
-

_
_
-

_
_

24
9
15

34
9
25

2
10
1

5

1
2

_
-

_

_
-

11

_
_
_
_
-

5
_
_
-

----- 2
j-----

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
2

2
2

_
_
-

8

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis,
by industry div isio n , D allas, T ex. , O ctober 1958)
Avskagb

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

*
is
t
1
s
$
$
*
s
$
*
is
S
Is
W
eekly
W
eekly . 50.0 0 5 5.00 6 0.00 ^ 5 .0 0 70.00 75.00 80.00; 85.0 0 99.00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125 . Oojl 30. Oo!l35. Ooj[140.00jl45.00 150. Oojl55. do
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
- i
- !
- |
55.00 60.00 6 5.00 70.00 75.00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .00! 90.00! |95.0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.001135.001140.00! 145.0ojl50.00 155.00 over
1
!
!
j
;
;
!

Men

!

D raftsm en, l e a d e r ______________________
M a n u factu rin g __
N on m an u factu rin g___ __
____

154
91
63

4 0.5
4 0 .0
4 1.5

$
120.50
106.50
141.00

- 1
1
"

•

D raftsm en, senior
_
____
M a n u fa ctu rin g________________________
N on m anufacturing____________________
P u blic u tilities*____________________

433
3T5
98
27

4 0.5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0
4 0 .0

97.00
95.00
109.50
97.50

*

■

D raftsm en, ju n io r ____________ __________

KAjmiifa rtni'ing

Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u tilities* __________________

281
154
127
30

40.5
40. 0
40! 5
4 0.0

76.00
73.00
79.00
63.00

26

9
4
5
5

6
6

■

.
-

34
18
16
7

-

-

.

-

40
29
11
5

1
1

"

i
i

■

30
28

76
71
5
5

64
62

2
2

52

51

33

38

18

14
4

13
3

36
18

!

2
2

li

68
r “ 66

2
2

|
10
10
■

35
35
-

44
3z
12
5

21
12
9

2

2
1

3
- 7 1 !
1

40
22
18
_

11
!
rT — :
!
8
;

2

:

5
3
2
28
17

ii
5

!
i
!

22 J
6 ,
J , 18
1
j
3 i - | !
2 1
19 I 6
18
!
6
i
1
i
! 5 ! 12
2
2
i j— i
—
!
!
— ^ — z— 1-----T ~ :
12
3
j
,
j ' j ' !

7 i
!
|

6

i

_
-

!
i __ ‘
_

16

"

V

1 16
i 13
1

7
7

16

12

"

“

12

1

23
8
15

16
16
J "

■

_
"

_
“

“

-

!

-

l

!
i

-

i
!

_

-

!

"
i

Women

|

i
N u rses, industrial ( r e g is t e r e d ) ________
M an u factu rin g ___________
_________

80
61

40 .0
4 0 .0

8 4.00
8 5 .0 0

2
i

1

9

21
20

5
4

?
5

3
1

'6
""3
"

i

1

13

id

4
3

!
!

3
3

_

4
4

i

1
j .

I
|

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich e m ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar stra igh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co r re s p o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.
2 Includes 1 w ork er at under $50.
* Tran sportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




1
1

-

i
i
i

i

!
i
i

|

~

5
i
4

9
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r men in se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , D allas, T e x ., O ctober 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
w
orker*

hourly

S
1.00

s
1.10

$
1.20

S
1.30

$
1.40

$
1.50

$
1.60

$
1.70

$
1.80

$
1 90
.

$
2.00

t
2. 10

$
S
2.20 2.30

$
2.40

$
2.50

S
2.60

1 10
.

Occupation and industry division

1.20

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2. 10

2.20

2.30

2.50

2.60

2.70

-

-

-

5

3

1

7
4
3

7
4
3

138
73
65

$
2.37
2.36
2.38

243
159
84

2.32
2.42
2. 14

Engineers, stationary ________ ___ ____
Manufacturing _____________ _________
Nonmanufacturing ______
__
Public utilities * ___ ________________
Retail trade . __ ____
Finance t — - — — ______ — ____

333
129
204
72
38
56

2.07
2.2b
1.94

Helpers, trades, maintenance _________________
Manufacturing
___ ___ ____ ____
Nonmanufacturing . ________

363
265
98

1.6 8

7

1.76
1.45

6

Machinists, maintenance _______________ _______
Manufacturing ______________________________

117
96

2.35
2.47

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance) ________
Manufacturing ____
__ _________________
Nonmanufacturing ________ „ ______ „
Public utilities * _
__
__

649
116
533
456

2.23
2.05
2.26
2.31

_

-

_
-

1
-

Mechanics, maintenance
_
_
_
Manufacturing
______ _________ __
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

540
440
100

2.32
2 .TO—
2. 38

-

-

Oilers _________________________________
___
Manufacturing ______ ______

78
'3
7

1.94
1.98

-

4
■

-

Painters, maintenance ___________________
Manufacturing
_ ______
_
___ __
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ ___
_ _ _
___

131
75
56

2.18
2.30
2.02

-

-

-

Plumbers, maintenance __________________

49

2.38

Tool and die makers ---- .
---------------Manufacturing ______________________________

310
310

2.7 2
2 .7 2

Carpenters, maintenance ____ ___
___
Manufacturing — ____
__ _
_
Nonmanufacturing ________ ____________
Electricians, maintenance.
Manufacturing
_______
Nonmanufacturing ________

1
2
*
t

------------------________ ___
____
___

2.01

1.87
2.04

2
-

-

_
-

-

-

6

_
.

_

-

-

■

-

-

"

2

3
3
•

14
1
13

_
_

8
6
2

9
2
7

22

6

.

.

_

22

6

-

8

13

_
_

-

-

6

13

_

.

6

-

-

3
-

9
12

51

10

21

15

30

-

34

21
21

4

4

5

2

2

2

12
2

1

•

4

3

14

7

-

7
3
4

41
38
3

31
23

15

8

44
28
16

58
55
3

11

11

4

14
6
8
-

-

.
-

11
3
8
8

23
5
18
18

9
8
1
“

42
11
31
18

14
10
5
- --- T - X f - --- *5
1
1
-

48
10
38
37
15
13

_
-

*

1
1

6
6

12
12

7
7

5

8

68
21
47
34

24
6

-

-

-

"

2

12

19
IS

40
33
7

26
21
5

52
28
24

3
3
-

7
7

7
6
l

4
12
4 — rr~
-

1

-

1
1

•

-

6

18

18
17

11
ii

7
7

"

_

11
9
2

.

2

.

1
1

6
6

3
3

31
—

r r

4

—

36
2
27
z r — TT~ --- r
10
14
1

145
9
136
135

9
9

14
-

2

3
— r —

1

.

1

3

10

-

5
5
“

6
6

.
-

.

11

.

_
_

_
.

-

-

-

_

.

_
-

“

-

-

-

5
5

17
17

7
7

-

39
9

68
68
66

13
13
13

_
-

"

45
40
5

7
3
4

2

4
4

.

1

1

24

29
12
17
^ 7

44
6
38
38

•

30
30

42
44
25
33
4i ---*7-1 — T5~ ---jj 37
10
1
3
3

_

.

_

•

"

1

_
-

3
3

.
'

-

3

-

7

22
8

3

.

10

5
5-

212

-

.
_

_

3

1
6

14
14

10

18

44
106
TB — nrr
6
3

3
3
'

5

4
2
2

75
73
2

7
7
■

_

6
2
4

12
9
3
1

-

1

3
1
2

29
3
26
19

"

3

2
2

2

-

7
3
4

15
6
9

9
9
-

12

-

8

10
3
7

12

-

5

.

42
40

24
35
10
--- 5" - “
ZB- -- 3T“
4
2
-

"

35
34
1

-

Z4
6
2
4
4

11
11
-

10
4
6

24

1

24
24
10

1

10
8
2

11
17
6
t
- 3 — r ~ ----r
- “
8
5
3
_
2
8
3
4
4
1
1
10
4
-

10
6

W

13
12

24

-

34

—

1
1

1

10

_

10

8

E xcludes prem ium pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late sh ifts.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 3 .1 0 to $ 3 .2 0 .
T ran sp ortation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s,
F inan ce, insurance, and real estate.




46

-

25

-

19
19
13

6

1

21

_
_

3

5

2.40

$
$
$
$
$
2. 70 2.80 2. 90 3.00 3.10
and
2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 over

28

17

26

16

l

12
5
7

-

2

!

5

5

14

5

8

1
1

30
30

4
4

22
22

77
77

9
9

2

.

.

■

■

.

6

2 1

-

-

-

•

6

1

_

.

.

.

125
125

13
13

2

1

2

2 15
15

10

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Dallas, Tex., October 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average $
hourly
0 .5 0
earnings *

$

^

0 .6 0

$
$
0. 70 0 .8 0

$
0.90

1.00

$
1.10

$
1.20

$
1.30

$
1.50

$
1. 60

$
1.70

$
1.80

$
1.90

$
2.0 0

$
2.10

$
2.2 0

$

2.3 0

$
2.40

$
2 .50

$
2. 60

1. 10

1.20

1.30

1.40 J^50__ 1. 60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2 .00

2. 10

2 .20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .50

2 .6 0

and
over

-

-

-

_

_

r

_

_

_

_

15
_

_
_
_

%

$
1.40

under

. 60
E levator op era to rs, passen ger ( m e n ) _______ —
Nonmanufacturing

$
1.02
.91

74
62

E levator op era to rs, passen ger (w om e n ). ___
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
R etail trade _________________________________
— ___ — _____
Finance t ______ — ___

229

Guards
_
Manufacturing „ ____________ „
Nonmanufacturing
_ _ ___
Finance f ____
_____
__

11
1
25
101

'

.85
. 83
.8 9
.98

♦9Q.

1.00

-

15
15

18
18

4
4

2
2

9
9

50
50

31
31

8
8

-

_

8

37
37
19
18

10
10
2
8

71
71
3
62

6
4
1
1

_
_

9
9

_

-

_
_

_

_

_______

355
249
106
76

-

-

-

-

J anitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers (men) ________
Manufacturing __ ________ __
_______
Nonmanufacturing ___________ ________________
Public utilities * _______
__
_____
R etail trade _ ____ __ __
___
Finance t ---------------------------------------------------

3,000
1,098
1,902
320
580
508

1.25
1.50
1. 10
1.43
1.01
1.03

3 16

80
-

16
_
5
-

80
_
38
-

129
129
_
51
50

146

_

218
24
194
_
46
113

J anitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers (w o m e n ) _____
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______ ___ ______
Public utilities * _________________________
Retail trade ______________________________
Finance t _______
— ___
____ —

673
97
576
88
96
220

.95
1.29
.90
1.25
.7 9
.7 6

130
130
4
108

18
3
15
15
-

56
56
26
30

L a b o r e r s , m aterial handling ____________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities * ____ ________ __________
R etail trade
_

2,801
17474
1,327
595
475

1.54
1.52
1.57
1.94
1.30

_
_
_
-

_

_
_
-

60
60
_
-

O rder fille r s
Manufacturing _____________
_____ ______
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
R etail trade
__

1,442
493
949
289

1.55
1.81
1.41
1.48

_

_

_
_
-

_
-

P a c k e r s, shipping (men) __________________________
Manufacturing ________ _________________
Nonmanufacturing _______ ________ ______
Retail trade _ _

396
192
204
44

1.42
1.33
1.31
1.25

_

Receiving c lerk s
_ _ _____
Manufacturing ____________
_______ _____
Nonmanufacturing ______________________ ___
R etail trade __________ ___ ______ ____

264
-----1"55
109
46

Shipping clerk s _________________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Shipping and receiving clerk s ___________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _ _____________________ ___
Public utilities * _
_
Retail trade ______________________________

See footnotes at end of table




1.84

. 70 .. _■
< 80_

7
7

1
1

-

10
2

6
2

2
2

-

-

-

6
6

6
6

2
2

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

46
23
23
8

24
14

12
7
5
5

21
5

2
1

38
36

123
'123

3
3

1
1

*

1-6

1

_

_

_

_

_

/

"

4

-

10
1
9
3

12

20
2
18
18

10

11
8
3
3

16

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

340
86
254
12
102
58

291
88
203
57
47
28

280
148
132
44
16
54

283
183
100
34
26
14

160
76
84
72
3
9

119
24
95
81
5
9

34
32
2
_
_

19
13
6
_
_

217
215
2
_
_

39
35
4
_
_

7
7

20
20

146
_
129
17

578
125
453
18
112
156

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

24
22
2
2
_

.
_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

64
64
41
23

8
8
_
_
8

239
14
225
16
5
51

34
9
25
25
_
-

61
43
18
13
5
-

5
5
.

34
6
28
28

15
9
6
6

1
1
-

_
-

3
3
-

4
4
-

_
_

1
1
_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

82

6
_
6

34
16
18
_
18

258
66
192
_
89

396
255
1 1 3 ” 118
122
278
11
88
106
60

259
rw
65
29
36

98
62
36
32
4

_
_
_
-

_

_

_
-

_
_
-

101
3
98
56

135
6
129
14

197
5
192
29

124
46
6

117
10
107
16

105
32
73
7

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

2
2
2

3
3
3

23
21
2
2

43
24
19
3

101
13
88
13

74
28
46
19

26
5
21
"

1.83
2 .0 4
1. 54
1.68

_

_
_

2

2

2

_
-

2

2

2

12
10
2

12
3

-

1

1
1
1

2

45
10
35
6

4
3
1
1

270
147
123

1.81
2 .0 0
1.59

_

_

_

_

_

28

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

_
_

24
3
21

439
202
237
125
27

1.89
1.93
1.85
1.81
1.70

_

_

_
_

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
_

-

1
_

45
20
25
12

1752

-

1.43
1.52

_

_

1
b

-

_
-•
_

12
12

c

7b

-

_

-

-

28

1

2
2
-

22
14
8
8

1G

_

8 —

_

TT~

_

_

_

.
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

103
93
10
10
-

92
75
17
9
-

115
113
2
_
-

45
42
3
_
-

131
87
44
38
-

44
34
10
10
"

320
64
256
256
-

38
_
38
38
-

_
_

_
_
-

115
101
14
7

188
14
174
146

55
4
51
8

113
101
12
"

127
117
10
-

42
36
6
-

6
4
2
-

5
2
3
-

12
12
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

16
9
7
~

22
21
1
1

20
7
13
1

31
30
1
-

16
15
1
-

13
13
-

_

6
6
-

_

_

_

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_

22

195
14
7

20
2

34
31
3
2

-

-

-

4
3
1
1

15
13
2

2

11
8
3
1

22
22

~

2
20
12

15
5
10
10

22

19
6
13

52
18
34

17
7
10

27
26

28
19
9

5
4
1

22
21
1

25
24
1

11
11
-

2
1
1

4
3
1

6
4
2

58
24
34
7
14

45
10
35
27
8

53
27
26
12
-

28
18
10
10
-

11
3

18
18
5

29
29
28
1

10
10
8

78
63
15
_
2

22
6
16
2

11
9
2
_

6
6
_

~

"

■

225
246
”"l3"9 1752“
86
144
5
69
17
139

1

S

6
2

■

_

■

.
_
-

_
*
20
20

_

_
_
_

-

11

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division, D a lla s, T e x ., October 1958)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

Number
of
w
orkers

Average $
$
$
$
0. 50 0. 60 0. 70 0.80
hourly
earnings 2 and
under
.60
.70
.80
.9 0

T ru ck d rivers 4 _____ ____________ -_____________
M anufacturing _________________ ______________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------Pu blic utilities * _________________________
R etail trade ___ ________________________

2,3 3 5
385
1,950
888
391

$
1.85
1.81
1.86
2 .32
1.41

T r u c k d riv e r s , light (under \ l/z tons) _____ M anufacturing _______________ _____________
Nonm anufacturing _______________________
R etail trade __________________________

481
76
405
116

1.50
1. 56
1.49
1.47

-

T ru ck d riv e rs , m edium ( l 1 to and
/*
including 4 tons) ____ _____________________
M anufacturing ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________
P u blic u tilities * ______________________
R etail trade _______________________ ___

1)352
173
1*179
707
224

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ____ ________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____ _________________

$
0.90

$
1.00

$ 10
1.

$
1.20

$
1.30

$
1.40

1.50

1. 60

1. 70

! . 80

f.90

$
2 .00

$
2.1 0

$
2 .20

2.30

1 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

1.00

1. 10

1.20

1.30

1.40

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2 .30

2.4 0

2. 50

2.6 0

119
16
103
_
46

343
26
317
20
76

141
30
111
13
25

104
22
82
27
3

87
45
42
11
18

52
11
41
3
13

88
16
72
36
21

210
19
191
8
63

85
45~
39
V
30

27
17
10
4
6

81
8
3
3

50
37
13
6
1

171
13
158
158
-

598
6
592
590
-

_
_
_
-

44
_
44
_
-

14
14

$
2. 60
and
over

_
_
_
-

_
_
.
-

-

10

113
_
113
_
76

_
-

14
14
10

24
24
15

67
9
58
22

68
10
58
-

49
12
37
2

23
10
13
2

28
4
24
16

38
5
33
6

20
3
17
7

100
3
97
12

35
14
21
21

5
3
2
2

1
1
1

6
6
-

1
1
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

_
-

2
2
_

"

_
-

-

-

-

-

1.91
l . ?6
1.93
2. 30
1.30

-

-

-

.
-

-

57
57
57

31
7
24
24

226
16
210
20
76

88
18
70
9
23

76
7
69
24
1

38
20
18
11
2

9
3
6
1
5

65
13
52
34
11

56
5
51
6
9

45
32
13
4
9

21
13
8
4
4

29
22
7
3
2

13
6
7
6
1

164
6
158
158
-

432
5
42 7
42 7
-

_
_
_
-

2
.
2
_
-

307
110
197

1.78
1.95
1.69

.
_

_
_

.
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

28
28

21
_
21

49
49

4
_
4

5
5
-

21
21
-

5
3
2

3
_
3

54
11
43

3
3

_
.

15
15
-

_
_
-

2
_
2

_

-

55
55
-

T r u c k e r s , power (fork lift) _ __ _____________ _
M anufacturing _________________ ____ ____
Nonm anufacturing ________________________ __
Pu blic utilities * — __ __ ______________

584
346
238
151

1.73
1 .7 9
1.63
1.65

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

11
11
4

65
5
60
36

52
17
35
35

25
21
4
4

87
68
19
12

58
37
21
21

104
67
37
7

8
5
3
,~

7
7
-

S3
76
7
-

27
27
-

_
_
-

2
2
-

T r u c k e r s , power (other than f o r k li f t ) ________ _
M anufacturing _____________ __ _______ ________
Nonmanufacturing _______________ ____ _____
_

189
55
134

2 .0 3
2 .1 1
1.95

_
_
-

_
_

_
_
-

.
_
-

_
_

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

6
6
-

44
1
43

18
2
16

1
_
1

12
.
12

4
_
4

26
18
8

44
_
44

Watchmen ______ ____________ ______ ___________
Manufac tur ing ___
___ _____ _______ ______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _*_________ ,___,__________
R etail trade __________
_____—______ __
Finance t ____ ,__ —____ ____— ________

2 92
147
145

1.25
1.38
1.13
1. 11
1.06

1
_
1
_

15
_
15
15

8
_
8
_
4

5
_
5
3
2

12
10
2
2

77
30
47
3
14

27
16
11
4
4

47
29
18
8

29
14
15
9
4

18
12
6

8
8
5

5
_
5

1
1

12
8
--------T
12
_
_

3
3
_
_

4
i
3
_

55

33

_
.
_
-

-

_
_

-

5

'
1
2
3
4
5
*

t

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
Includes 2 w orkers at $ 0 .4 0 to $ 0 . 5 0 .
Includes all d rivers regard le ss of siz e and type of truck operated.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s:
2 at $ 2 .6 0 to $ 2 .7 0 ; 26 at $ 2 .7 0 to $ 2 .8 0 ; 14 at $ 2 .8 0 to $ 2 .9 0 .
Transportation (excluding ra ilr o a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




5

6
------ 6“
_
-

1

_

1

89

'

-

542
_
42

----- T T
_
-

32
32
32

_
_
-

15
15
-

7
1
6

12
12
-

_
_

6
6
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

‘

'

23

-




12

6 :

E s t a b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

and

S u p p le m e n t a r y

W a g e

P r o v is io n s

Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n t s havin g f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r s h ift w o r k , and in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
a c t u a lly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts b y type and am ou n t o f d iffe r e n t ia l, D a lla s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1958)

In establishm ents having form a l
p rovision s 1 fo r—
Shift differential

Second shift
w ork

T hird o r other
shift work

In establishm ents actually
operating—
Second shift

Third o r other
shift

7 4.8
With shift pay d ifferential -

____

U niform cents (p er hour) ___ ____
5 cents __

__

___________ ___

________
____

________

____

__________

7 cents ____________ ________ __________________ __ __
7y2 c e n t s _________ __________ ______ __________ ________
8 cents
___ ___ ___ —
______ __
____
1 cents ___________
0
____ ______ __ ___ __
1 cents
2
„
________________
__
_________ _
O ver 12 and under 15 cents . __ ____ __ __________
______ _ ____ _______
15 cents ________ ___
O ver 15 cents _
___________
__
___
_______
U niform percentage _______ ______

____

„

____

__ _

5 percen t _ ____
__
____ __
____
7l/z percen t ___ ____ ____
________ __________
10 percen t ------ __
____________ „
___
__ _
O th e r3 ............................................................................................
N o shift pay differential

___________________________________

67.3

1 0.7

3 .2

73.3

6 5.8

10.5

3 .0

68.8

_____

3 3 .9

10.4

1.8

4 .7
i n
1•u
7 .6
3 .3
4 .0
16. 1
29. 5

1.8
_

-

1.0
1.6
11.2

.8
y
•fa
.6
.4
.3
1 .5

.1
( 2)
.4

4 .4
_
12.4

6.2
-

_
.5
.6

.2

.2

.8

3 .3

.2

4 .5

3 .3

.1

-

1.2
2.6

_

.1

_
-

.7

3 .3

( 2)

-

2 8 .6

-

1.2

-

1.5

-

1 .5

-

.2

.2

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts
e v e n though they w e re n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
3 F u ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s , and e ith e r
c e n ts o r 10 c e n ts p e r h o u r .

7/
lz

13

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary fo r selected ca tegories
o f inexperienced women office w orkers, Dallas, Tex. , O ctober 1958)
Inexperienced typists
M anufacturin g
M in im um w e e k ly s a la r y

1

A ll
in d u strie s

__

__

__

—

___

M anufacturing

B a se d on standard w eekly h ou rs 3 o f—
A ll
sch e d u le s

E sta b lish m en ts stu died

Other inexperienced cle rica l workers
N onm anufacturing

40

A ll
in d u s tries

A il
sch e d u le s

N onm anuf ac tur ing

B a s ed on stan dard w eek ly h ou rs 3 o f—

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

XXX

181

57

XXX

124

XXX

181

57

XXX

124

69

____

19
-

17

50

43

18

16

_

.

_

-

1
1
12
9
6
6
7
1
„

1
1
10
7
4
6
7
1
_
2
1
1

_

57
2

-

75
2
1
2
21
12
9
5
7

-

1

_

.

3
2
2
.
3
2
1
1
2
1
1

3
2
2
.

2
18
10
7
5
4
1
2
1
2
2

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ____
$ 3 2 .5 0 and under $ 3 5 .0 0 ______________________ _
_
$ 3 5 .0 0 and under $ 3 7 .5 0
_ _ ___ _______ __
$ 3 7 . 50 and under $ 4 0 .0 0
__ _____ ___ ________
$ 4 0 .0 0 and u nd er $ 4 2 .5 0 __
.
________
$ 4 2 .5 0 and under $ 4 5 .0 0 _________________________
$ 4 5 .0 0 and under $ 4 7 .5 0 __
__ __
_____
$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 5 0 .0 0
—
„ _____ ___
.........
..................
$ 5 0 .0 0 and under $ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 2 .5 0 and under $ 5 5 .0 0 ........ ...................................
$ 5 5 .0 0 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 _________________________
$ 5 7 .5 0 and und er $ 6 0 .0 0 ___ __ _____ _____ __
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0 _________________________
$ c 2 . 50 and under $ 6 5 .0 0 _________________________
$ 6 5 .0 0 and under $ 6 7 .5 0 _________________________
$ 6 7 .5 0 and under $ 7 0 .0 0
„ __ __ _____
___
E s ta b lis h m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _____
E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o rk e rs
in this c a t e g o r y ______ __ __ __
__
_ __ __

_

1
1
15
10
8
9
8

_
_

3
1
2
3
1
2
3

3

_
1
2
1

3
3
3

3
1
2

_
1
2
1

3

1
_

2
3
1
2
35

_

_

10

77

28

3

1
1
.

3

1
3
3

3
3

_

3

_
1
1
2
1
1

48
2
1
1
15
9
4
5
4
1
_
2
1
2
1

2

_

_

_

_

_

XXX

2
25

XXX

37

11

XXX

26

XXX

XXX

49

XXX

69

28

XXX

41

XXX

1 L o w e s t s a la r y rate f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r typing o r o th er c l e r i c a l j o b s .

2 Rates
3 Hours

applicable to m essen g ers, office g ir ls , or sim ilar su b clerica l jobs are not con sidered.
reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e sala ries. Data are presented for all workweeks com bined, and for the m ost com m on workweek reported.

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P ercent distribution of o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of firs t-s h ift w orkers, Dallas, T e x ., October 1958)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKER8
W eekly hou rs

All
industries1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Rstail trade

__

100

100

100

100

35 h ou rs _________________________________________

4
3
4
4
80
4
1
1
1

1
3
.
.
89
6
1

3
1
.
90
4
2

.
4

A ll w o rk e rs

- __ „

_____ __ ___ __ _

„

3 7 % h o u r s ....................................
3 8% hou rs _
. . . . .
O v er 3 8 % and under 40 h o u r s ________________
An
O v er 40 and under 44 h o u r s __________________
44 h ou rs _ __
_____ ____ 4 4 % h ou rs .
_____
_____
_.
—
45 h ou rs — - —
O v er 45 and under 48 h ou rs ___
48 h ou rs
„
, , ,
.
_
O v er 48 and under 54 h o u rs ___
54 h ou rs and o v e r _
_ ____
___

1 Includes data fo r wholesale
2 Includes data fo r wholesale
3 Less than 0 .5 percen t.

100
8
10
10
71
( 3)
.

.

.

.

-

_
78
4
6
6
(3 )

.

-

-

(3 )

_

-

1

-

.

.

-

-

-

•

■

“

"

_

-

trade and serv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
trade, real estate, and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shows separately.

* Transportation (excluding ra ilroa ds), com m unication, and other public utilities,
t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




-

Financef

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

1
1

2

-

77
7
4

_
64
21
4
4

_
3
42
2
18
15
6
1
13

industries 2

64
7
6
(3)
8
(3)
7
2
4

-

-

5
-

-

4
1
“

4
3

14

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s by nu m ber o f paid h olid ays
p ro v id e d ann ually, D a lla s , T e x . , O cto b e r 1958)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

Al
l
idsre 1
nutis

Ma u a t r n
nfcuig

Pbi
ulc
uiiis
tlte*

Rti tae
eal rd

Fnne
iacf

Al ,
l
i d sre
n utis

Mnfcuig
auatrn

Pbi
ulc
uiiis
tlte*

Rti ta e
eal rd

100
Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays _ _____ __
_
_ __ _
_
_
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays ___________ _________ _

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

97

100

89

91

97

86

11

9

3

14

9
1
14
3
27

10
37
29
10

-

43
*
"

-

2
“

19
1
2
25
1
3
(
3)

1
4
14
23
1
5
37
1
4
1

2
6
6
14
14
55
74
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

(
3)
3
4
31
32
51
52
72
73
85
85
86
88
89

1
5
6
48
49
72
72
86
86
90
91
91
91
91

43
43
69
72
87
87
88
88
97
97
97

(
3)

“

-

3

(
3)
5
(
3)
23
8
1
32
1
3
20
(3)
5
1
(
3)

(3)
4
9
24
1
5
44
1
11
1

_
1
15
3
38

1
36
38
22
-

N u m b e r of days
Less than 4 holidays _____________________
4 holidays _
_
_ _
_
4 holidays plus 1 half day _ ___
__
5 holidays __ _________ _______
___ _
_
5 holidays plus 1 half day _ ____________ _
5 holidays plus 6 half days __ _________ _
6 holidays _______________ ______ _____
__________ _
6 holidays plus 1 half day __ 1
6 holidays plus 2 half days _
7 holidays ____________ ________ __ ____
7 holidays plus 1 half day _____ __ ___ _
8 holidays _____________
_ _ _ ______
_ _
8 holidays plus 2 half days
9 holidays _

-

40
-

_
-

!

-

3
-

"

_

_

3
3
42
42
81
84
99
99
100
100
100
100
100

-

1

(
3)
26
19
4
41
4
3
“

4
12
(
3)
21
1
-

_

Total holiday time4
9 days __
8 or more days
_
_
l l/ z or more days ________________________
7 or more days __________________________
b l/ z or more days ________________________
6 or more days ________ ________________
51? or more days _
/.
5 or more days __________________________
4l or more days ________________________
/2
4 or more days ________________ _
_ ____
3l/ z or more days ____________
________
3 or more days ___ __ _____
_ ___
_
2 or more days ___ _
_
_
_ __
_
1 or more days
_

1
2
3
4
and no
*
t

1
7
7
30
31
63
71
94
94
99
99
99
99
99

1
12
13
62
63
87
87
96
96
100
100
100
100
100

_

_
22
22
61
61
96
96
96
96
97

10
10
39
39
76
76
76
80
86

Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le trade and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
A ll co m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e am ount a re co m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose with 7 fu ll days
h alf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s , and so o n .
P r o p o r tio n s w e re then c u m u la te d .
T ra n sp o rta tio n (e xclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r public u t ilit ie s ,
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




15

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v acation pay
p r o v is io n s , D a lla s , T e x . , O cto b e r 1958)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy
Al .
l
id s r e
nutis

All workers

____

_____

____ _____

Mnfcuig
auatrn

Pbi
ulc
uiiis
tlte*

Rti tae
eal rd

Al 2
l
idsre
nutis

F n n et
iac

100

100

100

100

100

Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations____ _____________________
Length-of-time payment _______________
Percentage payment_ ______
_ _
_

99
99
-

99
99
-

100
100

98
98
-

Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations
_ ____ _

I3)

(3)

“

6
48
11
2

8
47
2
1

11
71
l3)
“

|

Mnfcuig
auatrn

Pbi
ulc
uiiis
tlte*

Rti t a e
eal r d

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

97
94
3

96
89
7

100
100
-

97
97
“

2

"

3

4

■

3

1
12
2
-

4
46
23
4

21
17
1
“

32
7
-

17
52
5
-

4
]9
“

M e t h o d of p a y m e n t

Am o u n t of vacation p a y 4

After 6 months of service
Less than 1 week _____
_ __ _ _ ___
_
1 week
_ _
_ ----- _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ _ _ _ ___
_ _ _
2 w e e k s ___
_ _ __ _
_
_____ __
_ _
_
After 1 year of service
Less than 1 week ___ _ _ ______ _ _ _
_ _
_
1 week
__ _____ __ __________ ___ __
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ________________
2 weeks ___
_ _ _ ___________ ___
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ ___ ______ „
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

31
1
68
"

51
49
-

78
20
-

97
3

(3)
75
1
20
l3)

_

27
(3)
71
2

_

81
1
14
-

61
37
-

77
20
-

_

7
1
89

_
8
1
91

_
11
2
87

_
21
77

_
97

(3)
30
4
62

_
33
3
60

_
29
1
69

_
21
76

2

-

-

"

3

( 3)

“

■

“

_
4

_
97

( 3)

_
12

_

14
4

3

_
16
-

79

81

3

( 3)

After 2 years of service
Less than 1 week
_
_ _ .
1 week ___ __ ____________________ ____
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____
__ _
2 weeks __ __________ __ ___ ___ ___ ____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _
___ _ __ _
_
_
After 3 years of service
Less than 1 week ____ ___________________
1 week __________________ __________ ___
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ________________
2 weeks
_
__._____________ ____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____ _ _ _ ___
_

1
93

2

_

_

4

-

2
3

_
10
-

96

95

88

See footn o te s at end o f ta b le .




N O TE:

In the tabulations o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym ents oth er than "len gth o f t i m e , "
such a s p e rce n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s or fla t -s u m paym ent, w e r e c o n v e r te d to an equivalent tim e
b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k ’ s pay.

4

10
85

81

16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , D a lla s , T e x . , O cto b e r 1958)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

PLANT WORKERS

All
,
industries *

Ifanufaeturing

PubUe
utilities*

Retail trade

Financet

All ,
industries

3

1
92
2
2

3
.
90
4
3

2
2
95
.
1

7
_
90
_
1

_
97
_
3

8
2
85
1
1

5
_
88
1
2

2
78
8‘
11

3
73
1
23

2
96
_
2

2

10

77

8
80

5

73
_
19

78

96

79

2
7

3
10

2

8

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

A m ou nt of v o c a tio n p a y 4— C o ntin ue d
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ---O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
_
-------O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks
_ c_. . __

------------ ----------_

2
1
96
_
( 3)

11

83

_

2

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek

2 w eek s
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------- ---3 w eeks
. ......
_ .......... . .

6

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek

_ -------

3 w eeks
4 w eeks

. .. .
. .

.

.

_

. . . . . .

_
_
_

7

i
|

. . .

2 w eeks
_ . . .
O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _ _

16

2
37
2
59
( 3)

3
29
_
67
1

2
25
_
73
-

3

2
9
83
_

2
58
_
38

41
5

"

5

2

8

38

18

72

53

7
46
_
44

53

80

17

-

*

-

-

-

_

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
,
_
_ .
2 w eeks
__
3 w eeks
_
-----_
O ver 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s

4 w eek s

. ~
...

2
34
57
.. .
____

_

_

2

5

----- ...

29
58
( 3)
10

2

_

49
47
_

41

6

50
5
3

7

42
46
( 3)
2

2

8

38

9

57

51
1
1

77

32

12

-

5

_

_

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
_

1 w eek
2 w eeks

3 w eek s __
_
__
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______
4 w eek s __

1
2
3
4
s e r v ic e
*
t

. . .
_
_
__ _

.

2

3

2

2

34
33
1
30

29
17
.
51

9
83
_

49
17
_
30

6

41
25
_
34

Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le trad e and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e f l e c t the in divid u al p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
in clu d e ch a n ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
T ra n sp o rta tio n (e xclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er pu b lic u t ilit ie s ,
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




7
42
26
( 3)
22

F or e x a m p le ,

2

8

38

9

20

77

_
33

57
19

12

5

the ch an ges

_

_

IS.

in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica ted at 10 y e a r s '

17
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s e m p lo y e d in esta b lis h m en ts p ro v id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e fits , D a lla s , T e x . , O cto b e r 1958)
OFFICE WORKERS
T yp e o f b e n e fit

A U w ork ers

_____________________________________

All
.
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Financet

All 2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

93

97

98

91

91

87

91

96

76

44

48

41

86

29

45

47

45

44

60
30

82
66

69
18

60
18

39
5

59
44

63
59

83
40

43
18

39

58

27

17

34

11

4

25

13

9
84
82
52
19
69
2

2
95
96
43
10
81
(4 >

31
76
71
47
35
63
2

89
82
63
17
55

11
80
78
40
12
63
4

5
92
90
42
8
66
1

33
49
49
29
16
85
4

17
68
62
34
22
53
7

100

100

100

100

W o rk e rs in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------A cc id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n ce — --------------------------------- —-------------S ick n es s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r
s ic k lea v e o r b o t h * -------------------------------------S ick n ess and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ------------S ick lea ve (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r i o d ) ---------------------------------------S ick leave (p a rtia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) --------------------------------------H os p ita liz a tion i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------S u r g ic a l i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------M e d ica l i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------C a ta strop h e i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------------R e tire m e n t p e n s i o n ---------------------------------------No h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n -------

33
56
56
44
21
85
2

'

i

3

1
Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le trade and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
* Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 U nduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in i­
m um num ber of d a y s ' pay that can be exp e cte d by e a ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an individ ual b a s is a r e e x clu d ed .
4 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
* T ra n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ,
t F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .




18

A p p e n d ix : Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O ff ic e
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR-----Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:

Class A---- Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing
—
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.

Class B—
—Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)-----Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances
Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types, of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A -----Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B ---- Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

19
CLERK,

FILE

Class A -----Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B ---- Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order .sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or , production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research' and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

TECHNICAL

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder sj^eed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters. May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take messages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

20
SWITCHBOARD OPERA TOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL---- Continued

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s
while at switchboard.

TABU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been marde’ by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A ---- Performs one or more of the following; Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final ‘ form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN,

LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deternciining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B — Performs one or more of the following; Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e tc ., setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

a nd

Techn i ca l

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER-----Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, ma.psj, cross-sections, e tc.,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

21
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE,

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injur ed7
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out proprams
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

a

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)-----Continued
and

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-Square,
simple drawings

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
and do simple lettering.

d P o w e r plant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork.&nd equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following; Planning and laying oq* of work from blueprints, draw­
ings^ modefs, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring ihstruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air - conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boiler s
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperatnre, ahd fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are eafetuded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER,

TRADES, MAINTENANCE

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials Snd tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning Working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performs# by workers
on a full-time basis.

22

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re ­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires, a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

23
PIPEFITTER,

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE---- Continued

MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER,

MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves; Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

a nd

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments, understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who nre stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.
'




and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following; Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmiqgs; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

24
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L HANDLING

(L o a d e r and u n loa d er; h an dler and s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ;
stock m a n o r s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a re h o u se m a n o r w a re h o u se h e lp e r )

SH IPPING AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K -----C ontinued
oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g ed g o o d s ;
rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e or m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts; m ain taining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u factu rin g plant,
s t o r e , or oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f
the fo llo w in g : L oad in g and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n ­
d is e on or fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u ck s , o r oth er tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ;
unpacking, sh elv in g , o r p la cin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
sto ra g e lo c a tio n ; tr a n sp o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by hand tru ck ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who loa d arid u nload sh ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifi e d as fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

O RD ER F IL L E R
(O rd er p ic k e r ; s to c k s e l e c t o r ; w a re h o u se stock m a n )
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m
s to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s ,
c u s to m e r s* o r d e r s , o r oth er in s t r u c t io n s . M ay, in a d d ition to fillin g
o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou t­
goin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d ition a l sto ck , o r r e p o r t sh o rt su p p lies
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er r e la t e d d u tie s .
PACKER,

D r iv e s a tr u ck w ith in a c ity o r in d u str ia l a r e a to tr a n sp o rt
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm en t, or m en b etw een v a r io u s types o f
e s ta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M an u fa ctu rin g plants, fr e ig h t d e p o ts, w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e t a il e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts and c u s to m e r s * h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
lo a d o r u n loa d tr u ck w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m e c h a n ica l
r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u ck in g o o d w ork in g o r d e r . D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s if i e d b y s iz e
and type o f equ ipm en t, as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r -t r a i l e r sh ou ld be ra ted
on the b a s is o f t r a ile r c a p a c it y .)

SHIPPING

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e Toy pla cin g
th em in shipping c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d being
d ependent upon the ty p e, s iz e , and n u m b er o f units to be p a ck ed , the
type o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the p la cin g o f ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one or
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; K n ow ledge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r
to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia te type and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r;
in se r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a te r ia l to
p reven t b rea k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo s in g and sea lin g c o n ta in e r ; ap plying
la b e ls o r en terin g id en tify in g data on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o
m ake w ood en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis te d se p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (under 1 V2 tons')
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (IV 2 to an d~ in clud ing 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y (o v e r 4 ton s, t r a ile r t y p e j~
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eav y (o v e r 4 ton s, oth er than tr a ile r type)
TRU CKER,

O p e ra te s a m a n u ally c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d
tr u ck o r tr a c to r to tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r oth er e sta b lis h m e n t.

SHIPPING AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
tru ck ,
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
sp o n s ib le fo r in co m in g sh ipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r oth er m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s ; A k n ow led ge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t ic e s ] r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tr a n s p o rta tio n and r a t e s ; and p r e ­
p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ipp ed, m akin g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s t ­
ing w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and k eepin g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s ; V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g oth ers in v e r ify in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g, in v o ic e s , o r




PO W E R

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifi e d by type o f
a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p ow er (fo r k lift)
p ow er (oth er than fo r k lift)

W ATCHM AN
M akes rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r ty
a g a in st f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l e n tr y .
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1*59 O -494306

Occupational W Surveys
age
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 20 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959* These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-20, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the regional sa les offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-21) containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis w ill be issued early in I960.
A bulletin for the labor market listed below is now available.




Seattle, Wash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents

New Eaflaad Regloa
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.
Liberty 2-2115





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102