View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

ALBANY-SCHENECTADY-TROY, NEW YORK
MARCH 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
ALBANY-SCHENECTADY-TROY, NEW YORK




MARCH 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-56
June 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 2 5, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The L abor M arket O ccupational Wage Survey P rog ra m
The Bureau o f L abor Statistics annually conducts
occu p ation al wage su rveys in 82 labor m arkets.
The
studies p rov id e data on occu pation al earnings and related
supplem entary ben efits. A p relim in a ry rep ort furnishing
trend data and average earnings is re le a se d within a month
o f the com p letion o f each study. This bulletin p rovid es
additional data not included in the p relim in a ry rep o rt.

Introduction _______________________________________________________________
Wage trends fo r se le cte d occu pation al groups __________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

E stablishm ents and w o rk ers within scop e of su rvey ------------------P e rce n ts o f in cre a se in standard w eekly sa la ries and
stra igh t-tim e h ourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups _____________________________________________

Two bu lletin s, bringing together the results o f a ll
of the area su rv e y s, are iss u e d after com pletion o f the
final area bu lletin in the cu rren t round o f surveys. The
fir s t o f these bulletins w ill be available late in 1962 and
the other e a rly in 1963. During the Survey year, sum m ary
re le a s e s p resen tin g areaw ide occupational earnings data
fo r 25 to 30 la b or m a rk ets, are issu ed as data b e co m e
available.

A : O ccupational earn in gs:*
A - 1. O ffice occu pation s— en and w om en ________________________
m
A -2 . P r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ical occu pation s— en
m
and w om en _________________________________________________
A -3 . O ffice , p ro fe ssio n a l, and tech n ical
occu pation s— en and w om en com bined ----------------------------m
A -4 . M aintenance and pow erplant occupations --------------------------A -5 . C ustodial and m a teria l m ovem ent occupations
_____________

T his bulletin was p rep a red in the B ureau's r e gional o ffic e in New Y ork , N .Y ., by R obert M. Findlay,
under the d ire ctio n o f H arold A. B arletta. The study was
under the gen era l d ire ctio n of F r e d e r ick W. M u eller,
A ssistan t R egion a l D ir e c to r fo r Wages and Industrial
R elation s.

B: Establishm ent p r a c tic e s and supplem entary wage p ro v isio n s:*
B - l . Shift d ifferen tia ls ____________________________________________
B -2 . M inimum entrance sa la ries fo r w om en o ffice w ork ers ___
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours _____________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays ________________________________________________
B -5 . Paid vacations _______________________________________________ 16
B -6 . Health, in su ran ce, and pension plans _____________________




1
4

3
3
5
7
8
9
10
12
13
14
15
18

A ppendixes:
A. Changes in occu pation al d escrip tion s ____________________________
B. O ccupational d escrip tion s ________________________________________

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are available in p reviou s area re p o rts fo r Albany—
Schenectady— ro y and fo r other m a jor area s. A d ir e c to r y indicating the a rea s,
T
dates o f study, and p r ic e s o f these rep orts is available upon request.
A current re p o rt on occupational earnings and supplem entary wage
p rov ision s in the T ro y a rea is a lso available fo r the m e n 's and b oys' shirts
(except w ork shirts) and nightwear industry (M ay 1961). Union s c a le s , indicative
o f prevailin g pay le v e ls, are also available fo r seven se le cte d building trades
in Schenectady.

iii

19
21




Occupational Wage Survey—Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N.Y.

Introduction

to the work schedules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) fo r which
stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings fo r these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d olla r.

This a rea is 1 o f 82 labor m arkets in which the U .S . D e­
partm ent o f L a b o r 's B ureau o f L abor Statistics has conducted s u r ­
veys o f occu pation al earnings and related wage benefits on an a re a ­
wide b a s is .
In this a re a , data w ere obtained by personal v isits o f
B ureau fie ld e con om ists to representative establishm ents within six
broad industry d iv ision s: M anufacturing; transportation, com m u n ica ­
tion , and other public u tilitie s; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s .
M ajor industry groups
exclu ded fro m these studies are governm ent operations and the c o n ­
stru ction and ex tra ctiv e in du stries.
Establishm ents having few er
than a p re s c r ib e d num ber o f w ork ers are omitted a lso becau se they
tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to
w arrant in clu sion . Separate tabulations are provided fo r each o f the
broad industry division s which m eet publication c r ite r ia .

A verage earnings o f m en and wom en are presented separately
fo r se le cte d occupations in which both sexes are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls o f m en and wom en in these occupations are
la rg e ly due to (1) d iffe re n ces in the distribution o f the sexes among
industries and establish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp e cific duties p e r­
fo rm e d , although the occu pation s are ap propriately cla s s ifie d within
the sam e su rvey jo b d e scrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ic e o r m e rit review when individual sa la ries are adjusted on this
b a s is .
L onger average s e r v ic e o f m en would resu lt in higher average
pay when both sexes are em p loyed within the same rate range.
Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are usu­
ally m ore gen era lized than those used in individual establishm ents to
allow fo r m inor d iffe re n ces among establishm ents in sp ecific duties
pe rfo rm e d .

T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple basis because o f the
u n n ecessary c o s t involved in surveying all establishm ents. To obtain
optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um c o s t, a greater proportion o f large
than o f sm all establish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
e v e r , all establish m en ts are given their appropriate weight. E stim ates
based on the establish m en ts studied are presented, th e re fo re , as r e ­
lating to all establish m en ts in the industry grouping and a rea , e x ­
cep t fo r those below the m inim um size studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in all
establishm ents within the scop e o f the study and not the number actu­
ally su rveyed. B ecause o f d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
establish m en ts, the estim ates o f occupational em ploym ent obtained
fr o m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance o f the job s studied.
These d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m a teria lly affect the a ccu ra cy o f the earn ­
ings data.

O ccupations and E arnings
The occu pation s s e le cte d fo r study are com m on to a va riety
o f m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tion is based on a u niform set of job d escription s designed to
take account o f in terestablishm ent variation in duties within the same
jo b .
(See appendix fo r listin g o f these d e scrip tio n s.) Earnings data
are presen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tables) fo r the follow ing types o f o c c u ­
pations: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p rofession a l and technical; (c) m ainte­
nance and pow erplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial m ovem ent.

E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P rov ision s
Inform ation is presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary benefits as they relate to
o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s.
The con cep t "o ffice w o r k e r s ," as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv isors and nonsupervisory
w ork ers perform in g c le r ic a l o r related functions, and excludes admin­
istra tiv e , execu tiv e, and p rofession a l p erson n el. "Plant w o rk e rs" in­
clude working fo re m e n and all n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including leadm en and tra in ees) engaged in n onoffice functions.
A dm inistrative,
execu tive, and p ro fe ssio n a l em p loyees, and fo r c e -a c c o u n t construction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a separate w ork fo r c e are excluded.
C a feteria w ork ers and route men are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tr ie s , but are included as plant w ork ers in nonmanufacturing industries.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs , i . e . , those h ired to w ork a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occu pation al c la ss ifica tio n . Earnings data exclude
prem ium pay fo r ov ertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olidays, and
late sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o s t - o f living bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
W here weekly
hours are re p o rte d , as fo r o ffice c le r ic a l occu pation s, r e fe re n ce is




1

2

Shift differen tial data (table B - 1) are lim ited to manufacturing
in d u stries. This in form ation is presen ted both in term s o f (a) esta b ­
lishm ent p o li c y ,1 p resen ted in term s o f total plant w ork er em p loy ­
m ent, and (b) e ffectiv e p r a ctice , presented in term s o f w ork ers
actually em p loyed on the s p e cifie d shift at the time o f the su rvey.
In establishm ents having va ried d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m a jority was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jo rity , the c la s ­
sifica tion "o th e r " was u sed.
In establishm ents in which som e la te shift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a d ifferen tial was re co rd e d only
if it applied to a m a jo rity o f the shift h ou rs.
M inim um entrance sa la rie s (table B -2 ) relate only to the
establishm ents v isite d .
They are presen ted in term s o f esta b lish ­
ments with fo rm a l m inim um sa la ry p o lic ie s .
The scheduled hours (table B -3 ) o f a m a jority o f the fi r s t shift w ork ers in an establishm ent are tabulated as applying to a ll o f
the plant o r o ffic e w ork ers o f that establishm ent. P aid h olidays; paid
v acations; and health, in su ran ce, and pension plans (tables B -4 through
B -6 ) are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis that these are applicable
to all plant o r o ffic e w ork ers i f a m a jo rity o f such w ork ers are e li­
gible o r m ay eventually qualify fo r the p ra ctice s listed .
Sums o f
individual item s in tables B -3 through B -6 m ay not equal totals b e ­
cau se o f rounding.
The fir s t part o f the paid holidays table (table B -4 ) presents
the num ber o f whole and h alf holidays actually provided. The second
part com bin es whole and h alf holidays to show total holiday tim e .
The sum m ary o f vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ited to f o r ­
m al p o lic ie s , excluding in form a l arrangem ents w hereby tim e o ff with
pay is granted at the d is cre tio n o f the e m p lo y e r. Separate estim ates
are p rovided a ccord in g to em p loyer p ra ctice in com puting vacation
paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, p ercen t o f annual earn in gs, o r
fla t-su m am ounts. H ow ever, in the tabulations o f vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a tim e b a sis w ere so con verted ; fo r exam ple, a payment
o f 2 percen t o f annual earnings was co n sid e re d as the equivalent o f
1 w eek 's pay.

Data are presented fo r all health, in su ran ce, and pension plans
(table B -6) fo r which at least a p art o f the co st is born e by the e m ­
p lo y e r, excepting only legal requ irem en ts such as w ork m en ^ com p en ­
sation, social' secu rity, and ra ilroa d retirem en t. Such plans include
those underwritten by a co m m e rcia l insurance com pany and those p r o ­
vided through a union fund o r paid d ir e c tly by the em p loyer out o f
cu rren t operating funds o r fro m a fund set aside fo r this pu rp ose.
Death benefits are included as a fo rm o f life insurance.
Sickness and accident in su ran ce is lim ited to that type o f in ­
surance under which pred eterm in ed cash paym ents are made d ire ctly
to the insured on a weekly or m onthly b a sis during illn ess o r accid en t
disability.
Inform ation is p resen ted fo r a ll such plans to which the
em p loyer contributes.
H ow ever, in New Y ork and New J e rse y , which
have enacted tem porary disability in su ran ce laws which requ ire e m ­
p lo y e r con trib u tion s,2 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) co n ­
tributes m ore than is leg ally requ ired , o r (2) p rovid es the em ployee
with benefits which exceed the requ irem en ts o f the law. Tabulation?
o f paid sick leave plans are lim ited to fo rm a l p la n s 3 which p rovid e
fu ll pay o r a prop ortion o f the w o r k e r s pay during absence fro m w ork
b ecau se o f illn e ss.
Separate tabulations a re p resen ted a ccord in g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting p eriod , and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay o r a waiting p e rio d . In addition to the
presentation o f the proportion s o f w ork ers who a re provid ed sick n ess
and accident insurance o r paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown o f w orkers who re ceiv e eith er o r both types o f ben efits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es re fe r r e d to as extended
m ed ica l insurance, includes those plans which a re designed to p rotect
em ployees in case o f sick n ess and in ju ry involving expenses beyond
the norm al coverage o f hospitalization, m ed ica l, and su rg ica l plans.
M ed ical insurance re fe r s to plans p rovidin g fo r com plete o r p artial
payment o f d o c to r s 1 fe e s. Such plans m ay be underw ritten by c o m m e r ­
cia l insurance com panies o r n onprofit organizations o r they m ay be
se lf-in su re d . Tabulations o f retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly paym ents fo r the rem ainder o f the
w o r k e r 's life.

2 The tem porary disability laws in C alifornia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
3 An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a form a l plan if
it established at least the minim um num ber o f days o f sick leave that
1
An establishm ent was co n sid e re d as having a p olicy if it m et
could be expected by each em p loyee. Such a plan need not be written,
either o f the follow in g con ditions: (l ) O perated late shifts at the tim e
but in form al sick leave allow an ces, d eterm in ed on an individual b a sis,
o f the su rvey, o r (2) had fo rm a l p rovision s co v erin g late sh ifts.
w ere excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s co p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b er stu died in A lb a n y -S ch e n e cta d y — r o y , N. Y . ,
T
M inim um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

In d u s try d iv is io n

by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n , 2 M a r c h 1962

N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin
scope of
study 3

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

O ffic e

P lan t

T o t a l4

— — — —

50

339

102

92, 900

15, 200

58, 500

64, 200

M a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________________ —------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __ __ _____ __ __ —-------------- — ------- —
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5
__ -------- ------- — ------W h o le s a le tra d e _____ __ __ ________ _____ — ------- __
R e ta il tra d e ______ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
— __
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e __ __ _____ __
S e r v i c e s 7 „ __ __ _____ __ ________ _____ — __ — —

50
50

140
199

47
55

53, 500
39, 400

6, 500
8, 700

3 7 ,9 0 0
2 0 ,6 0 0

38, 450
25, 750

50
50
50
50
50

26
34
65
38
36

14
6
15
8
12

12,
3,
12,
5,
5,

2, 000
(6)
(‘ )
(*)
(6)

A ll d iv is io n s

________________________________

—

400
400
500
500
600

6, 500
(*)
(‘ )
(6)
(6 )

11,
1,
6,
2,
3,

570
560
890
020
710

1 The A lban y— ch e n e cta d y —T r o y Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f A lban y, R e n s s e la e r , S aratoga , and S ch e n e cta d y C ou n ties.
S
T he. " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e stim a tes
sh ow n in this ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b le a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is
o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e ( 1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f esta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in
a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and ( 2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
M a jo r ch a n g es fr o m the e a r l ie r ed ition (u sed in the
B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s c o n d u cte d p r io r to July 1958) a r e the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s te u r iz a tio n plan ts and re a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e s ta b lis h m e n ts fr o m tra d e (w h o le s a le o r reta il) to
m a n u fa ctu rin g , and the t r a n s fe r o f r a d io and t e le v is io n b ro a d ca s tin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em p lo ym e n t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a re a ) o f co m p a n ie s in s u ch in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n - p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e xclu d e d fr o m the se p a ra te o f fi c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll i n d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s .
S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f d ata f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade
f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2) the s a m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it sep arate
p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a ble 2. P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w ee k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r
s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s in A lb a n y -S ch e n e cta d y — r o y , N .Y ., M a r c h 1961 to M a r c h 1962,
T
and M a r c h I960 to M a r c h 1961
M a r c h 1961
to
M a r c h 1962

M a r c h I960
to
M a r c h 1961

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w om en ) _____________________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w om en ) ----------------------------S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en ) _____ __ — _______________
U n sk illed plant ( m e n ) ------ ------------- __ -----------------------

1.
4.
2.
4.

1
6

2. 3
4 .8
2 .9
3. 2

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en ) --------------------------------In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w om en ) ___________________
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en) ____________ _______________
U n sk ille d plant (m en)
_______________________________

2. 0
3. 6
1. 8
5. 8

1. 8
4. 3
2 .9
2 .5

Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p

5
1

4
Wags Trends lor Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 a re p ercen ts o f change in sa la rie s o f
o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and industrial n urses, and in average earnings
of selected plant w ork er groups.
F or o ffic e c le r ic a l w ork ers and industrial n u rses, the p e r ­
cents of change relate to average w eekly sa la ries fo r n orm al hours
of w ork, that is, the standard w ork schedule fo r which straigh t-tim e
sa la ries are paid.
F or plant w ork er groups, they m ea su re changes
in straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding prem ium pay fo r o v e r ­
tim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The p e r ­
centages a re based on data fo r selected key occupations and include
m ost of the n u m erica lly im portant jo b s within each group.
The o f­
fice c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and wom en in the follow ing 19 jo b s :
B ookkeeping-m achine o p era tors, c la s s B; cle r k s, accounting, c la s s A
and B; cle rk s, file , c la s s A, B, and C; cle r k s, o rd e r; c le r k s, p ay­
roll; C om ptom eter op era tors; keypunch o p era tors, c la ss A and B;
office boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; stenographers, general; sten ogra­
phers, sen ior; sw itchboard o p era tors; tabulating-m achine o p era tors,
cla ss B; and typists, c la s s A and B.
The industrial nurse data a re
based on m en and wom en industrial n urses.
Men in the follow in g
8 skilled m aintenance jo b s and 2 unskilled jo b s w ere included in the
plant w ork er data: Skilled— carp en ters; e le ctricia n s; m a ch in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech a n ics, autom otive; pain ters; p ip efitters; and to o l and
die m ak ers; unskilled— ja n itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs; and la b o r e r s,
m aterial handling.
A verage w eekly sa la rie s or average hourly earnings w ere
computed fo r each of the selected occupations.
The average s a l­




a r ie s or hourly earnings w ere then m u ltip lied by the average em p loy ­
m ent in the jo b during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961.
T hese weighted
earnings fo r individual occupations w e re then totaled to obtain an a g ­
gregate fo r each occupational group.
F in ally, the ra tio o f these group
aggregates fo r the one year to the aggregate fo r the other y ea r was
com puted and the d iffe re n ce betw een the re su lt and 100 is the p ercen t
of change fro m the one p e riod to the oth er.
The p ercen t o f change m e a su re s, p rin cip a lly , the e ffe cts o f
(1) gen eral salary and wage changes; (2) m e r it or other in cre a se s
in pay re ce iv e d by individual w o rk e rs w hile in the sam e jo b ; and
(3) changes in the labor fo r c e such as la b or tu rn over, fo r c e expan­
sion s, fo r c e reductions, and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs
em ployed by establishm ents with d ifferen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the
la b or fo r c e can cause in cre a se s o r d e c r e a s e s in the occu pation al
a v era ges without actual wage changes. F or exam ple, a fo r c e expansion
m ight in crea se the prop ortion o f low er paid w o rk e rs in a s p e c ific
occupation and resu lt in a d rop in the a v era ge, w h ereas a redu ction
in the prop ortion o f low er paid w o rk e rs would have the op p osite e ffe ct.
The m ovem ent of a high-paying establish m en t out o f an a rea could
cause the average earnings to d rop , even though no change in ra tes
o cc u r r e d in other area establishm ents.
The use o f constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the e ffe cts
o f changes in the p rop ortion o f w o rk e rs rep resen ted in each jo b in ­
cluded in the data.
Nor a re the p ercen ts o f change influenced by
changes in standard w ork schedules or in p rem iu m pay fo r ov ertim e,
sin ce they a re based on pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e hours.

The above text rep resen ts the m ethod used in computing a new trend
s e r ie s .
The expansion o f the la b or m arket wage survey p rogra m in 1961 m ade
data available in 82 a rea s fo r the com putation o f wage trends fo r selected jo b
groupings.
S ixty-one a rea s w ere surveyed in I960; p rio r to I960, co v era g e w as
lim ited to 20 a re a s.
T h e re fo re , it was decid ed to compute a new trend s e r ie s in
which 1961 w ill be the b ase yea r sin ce this is the fir s t year in which data w ere
c o lle cte d in a ll 82 a rea s.
The p ercen ts of change shown in table 2 a re not com parable with sim ila r
data shown fo r this a rea in la st y e a r 's B ulletin 1285-51.
The new s e rie s in tro ­
duces changes in the jo b groupings fo r which trends are shown and changes in
jo b s included in the com putations.

A:

Occupational Earnings

Tabic A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry division , A lb a n y -S ch e n e cta d y -T ro y , N . Y . , M arch 1962)
Average
Number
of
workers

S ex, occu pation , and industry d iv isio n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
$
$
t
*
8
Weekly, W
eekly , 35.00 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 50. 00 *55. 00 *60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 .0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
hours 1 Mminw
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 50.00 55JOO 60. 00 65.00 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 95.0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

M en
$106.00
106. 50
105. 00

"

-

"

-

-

"

_
-

62

3 9.0
3 9 .5
3 9.0

-

"

10
8
2

9
7
2

10
4
6

13
1
12

15
10
5

34
15
19

11
7
4

14
7
7

7
7
-

65
41

3 9.0
39. 0

87.00
91. 50

“

_
■

"

3
-

4
4

4
1

3
-

3
2

_
“

12
7

“

6
3

11
10

10
7

7
5

-

2
2

-

30
26

39. 5
39. 5

88.00
85. 50

-

_
"

-

-

-

1
1

2
2" "

1
1

2
2

8
7

-

8
8

3
3

1
1

2
1

1

1

-

119
72
47

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
37. 5

59. 50
60.00
59.00

_
-

_
-

29
21
8

12
2
10

25
17
g

9
2
7

36
25
11

2
1

.
-

2
2

2
2

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

__

39
36

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

104.00
104.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

5
5

2
2

9
8

12
10

-

Tabulating -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B ___ —
___
_
M anufacturing ________________ _______
N onm anufacturing ____________________

77
25
52

38. 5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

85. 50
94.00
81. 00

“

-

-

-

"

-

-

6
6

28
1
27

7
1
6

7
3
4

7
3
4

‘ 20
15
5

1
1
-

-

T abulating -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C ____. . . . __ _______ __ —, __________
_
N onm anufacturing
__ __
. . . . .

50
30

38.0
3 8 .0

69. 50
69.50

-

-

“

6
6

14
10

9
4

4
-

-

“

“

10
3

3
3

-

4
4

B ille r s , m achine (b illin g m a c h i n e ) ____

31

4 0 .0

59. 50

-

3

_

5

11

8

-

_

-

-

4

-

-

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A ________________ __________ ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________

79
41

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

77.00
80 . bo

-

"

“

“

3
t

9
1

9
1

10
2

18
11

10
10

10
10

3
3

.

232
56
176

38. 5
38. 5
3 8 .5

6 1.00
677*50
59.00

-

-

15
15

49
9
40

47
2
45

64
12
52

26
16
10

9
------5
4

“

1
1

3
3
-

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A . ._ ____
M anufacturing _______
__ ._ ._
N onm anufacturing
. . . . . . . . _. . . .
P u blic u tilities 2 —-------------------------

130
62
68
42

3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 8.0
3 7 .0

91. 50
90. 50
92.00
95. 50

_
-

-

-

-

_
"

-

9
9
-

11
2
9
3

6
1
5
-

18
18
“

13
10
3
3

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B ----------------M anufacturing _ .
_. „
. ..
__ ___
N onm anufacturing
_
_

520
98
422

3 8.0
3 9 .5
3 8.0

69. 50
68. 50
69. 50

_
-

9
9

6
6

24
2
22

48
15
33

140
23
117

70
16
54

64
17
47

81
4
77

43
20
23

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A ______ _____
M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing __ ____ __ ________ _

136

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B ________ __
N onm anufacturing
.
. . . . .
C le r k s , o r d e r ______ ____________________
M anufacturing _______ ______ ______ __
O ffic e boys -----------M anufacturing _____

_

_

___

T a bu latin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A
____
__
_ __
M anufacturing ___
___

14

7
2
5

>
-

5
5
*

x
1
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

1
1

4
4

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

"

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

7
1

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

"

-

5

1
1
“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

40
6
34
24

4
1
3
"

-

9
3
6
4

5
5
5

4
3
1
1

5
5
-

6
4
2
2

_
"

_
-

_
-

-

-

18
18

15
15

1
-

1

_
-

_
“

1
1
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

W om en

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
_
..
____
M anufacturing
_
______
N onm anufacturing . . .
.

12
------T "
6

__ .

59

3 9 .5

74.00

_

_

_

_

7

5

6

1

28

10

1

_

C le r k s , file , c la s s B 3 ____ ___ _________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________-____ ____
N onm anufacturing
____

147
44
103

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

57. 50
67.00
53. 50

-

6
6

14
4
10

58
2
56

21
5
16

9
1
8

8
8
-

24
22
2

7
2
5

-

-

-

C le r k s , file , c la s s C 3 ___ . __ _ _ __
N onm anufacturing ____________ _____ _

95
69

38 .0
3 8.0

55.00
54. 50

2
2

_

26

7
— r ~ -----2

35
22“

24
T&

~ ~ v ~

x

C le r k s , file , c la s s A 3

_

—

See footn otes at end o f table.




-

1

— :

1
—

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued

(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , AlbanyHSchenectady— r o y , N .Y ., M arch 1962)
'T
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number

of

workers

Weekly .
Weekly,
hours 1 earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
S
*35. 00 *40. 00 *45. 00 *50. 00 *55. 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 *70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 *85. 00 *90. 00 95.00 *100.00 105.00 *110.00 *115.00 *120.00 *125.00 *30.00 135.00 140.00
and
and
tinder
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 50.00 55.00 6 0.00 65 00 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 o v e r

W om en— C ontinue d
------- —

49

38. 5

$70 .0 0

_

_

_

6

5

13

_

3

12

4

5

1

C lerk s , pa y roll __ __
---- —
M anufacturing
____ — . . ___
—
N onm anufacturing -------- ----

164
85
79

38. 5
3 9.0
3 8 .0

75.00
73. 50
76. 50

.
-

.
”

.
"

2

33
8
25

20
9
11

32
4
28

11
11
“

7
7
■

8
5
3

1
1
“

5
4
1

5
1
4

3
3

.
-

1
1
"

_
“

-

“

33
29
4

_

l

3
3
“

_
■

_
~

Com ptom eter op era tors ------------------------Nonm anufacturing _____

122
104

37 .0
36. 5

7 8.00
79 .0 0

-

-

-

1
1

-

4
3

21
10

15
14

58
57

1
1

1
1

17
17

1

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 3 ---------------M anufacturing _______________________

65
43

39 .0
4 0 .0

77. 50
81. 50

-

_
"

-

-

15

2
2

10
10

3
3

-

"

24
18

4
2

2
2

2
2

3
3

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

1

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 3 — __
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

212
99
113

38. 5
3 9 .5
38 .0

70. 50
79.0 0
63. 50

_
-

_
"

7
7

22
22

17
2
15

27
6
21

30
6
24

18
10
8

14
9
5

62
55
7

8
8
-

6
2
4

_
-

1
1

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

O ffice g ir ls ______________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

83
66

39.0
3 9.0

56. 00
53. 50

_

-

27
26

8
7

26
26

7
6

13
1

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S e creta ries
------------- — ----------------- —
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilit ie s 1 ____ —
2
— —

901
520
381
64

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.0
37. 5

90. 50
89. 50

_
-

114.00

_
-

_
-

6
6
“

5
5
-

23
15
8
"

20
14
6
-

73
44
29
3

64
37
27
"

58
34
24
“

61
35
26
1

281
188
93
1

157
65
92
3

38
24
14
6

32
21
11
10

15
9
6
4

15
11
4
4

31
12
19
19

12
2
10
10

5
4
1
1

"

5
5
2

Stenographers, g e n e r a l3 ________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing — ----------- — —
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------- —

483
251
232
47

3 9.0
4 0 .0
38. 5
38. 5

7 4.00
7 8.00
69. 50
76. 50

_
-

_
"

7
7

19
3
16
“

45
12
33
10

64
30
34
9

53
32
21
2

93
33
60
3

44
18
26
5

72
62
10
1

20
12
8
1

47
36
11
10

4
2
2
2

8
5
3
3

7
6
1
1

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

Sw itchboard op era tors _________________
M anufacturing ____
___
— —
N onm anufacturing __________

148
44
104

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

68. 50
8 4.00
62. 50

-

20
20

9
9

11
11

22
10
- ------2
20
10

5
5

10
4
6

9
6
3

11
11
■

17
13
4

15
15

3
3
“

5
4
1

1
1
"

_
"

_
“

“

“

_
-

_
-

_

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s -----M anufacturing ______ „ __ — — —
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------

132
64
68

39. 0
3 9 .5
3 9.0

66. 00
70. 50
6 2.00

-

-

_
-

2
2

19
2
17

12
6
6

43
20
23

8
4
4

15
8
7

18
10
8

10
9

2
2

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

T abulating-m achine op e r a to r s ,
c la s s B ___________ ___________________
M anufacturing ___________________ —

96

76. 50
88. 00

-

-

-

7
"

-

7
-

13
-

27
5

19
3

1
1

-

4
4

14
13

1
-

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

3 8 .0
3 9 .5

T ran scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs ,
gen eral ________________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------iNonmanuiacturing

93
41
52

3 8.0
38. 5
3 8.0

68. 50
6 4.00
72. 50

-

-

-

4
4

12
6
5

21
8
13

22
14
8

13
6
7

2
2

9
1
8

8

2

8

2

T yp ists, c la s s A _______ ____ — — —
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------Pu blic utilities 2 ----------------------------

159
90
69
25

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
37. 5
37. 5

76. 50
84.0 0
66. 50
71. 50

-

-

-

10
10
"

11
2
9
4

15
15
5

17
4
13
4

7
7
2

6
5
1
~

60
49
11
9

10
8
2

20
20
-

1
1
1 .

2
2
“

"

-

-

"

“

~

-

-

_
-

_
-

T y p ists, cla s s B __
__ —
— M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing __ __ ---------

479
111
368

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8.0

59.00
62. 50
58.00

_

7
7

49
3
46

145
8
137

111
38
73

58
21
37

54
20
34

10
8
2

7
7

18
2
16

9
1
8

9
1
8

_
-

2
2

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

“

“

"

■

-

C lerk s, o rd e r

_________

92 . 00

-

"

-

-

1

-

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rresp on d to these w eekly h ou rs.
2 T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
3 D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been re v ise d since the last su rvey in this a re a . See appendix A.




*

-

-




7
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division , Albany^-Schenectady— ro y , N .Y ., M arch 1962)
T

8
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(A verage s tra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry d ivision , A lban y-S ch en ecta d y-T roy, N .Y ., M arch 1962)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

O ffic e occu p a tion s— Continued

O ffice occu p a tion s— Continued

O ffice occupations
$59-50

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)
92
49

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , cla s s B
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

5F~
176

61.00
67.50
59.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing
P u blic u tilities 2

266
136
130
78

99.50
98.50
103.00

r
463

71.00
71.50

C lerk s, file , c la s s B 3
M anufacturing -----Nonmanufacturing

49
105

68.00
54.00

C lerk s, file , c la s s C 3
Nonmanufacturing

~VT

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A
M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------

“ 42“

77.50
81.50

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B
M anufacturing -----------------N onm anufacturing .

n

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 3

C lerk s, o rd er
M anufacturing
C lerk s, pa y roll __
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

79

97
89

Keypunch operators, c la s s A 3
M anufacturing _
Keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la s s B 3
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
M a n u fa ctu rin g ______ _________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

122

91.00
76.00

100
114

42
52

69.00
64.50
72.50

T ypists, c la s s A
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ..
P u blic u tilities 2

T3
69
25

84.00
66.50
71.50

T ypists, cla s s B
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ____

111
373

62.50
58.50

79.00
63.50
58.00
61.00

O ffice boys and g irls
M anufacturing —
N onm anufacturing

89
113

S e c r e ta r ie s --------------M anufacturing ___
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u tilities 2

904
520
384
67

90.50
' 89.5092.50
113.50

Stenographers, g e n e r a l3
M anufacturing __ _____
Nonm anufacturing ___
P u b lic u tilities 2 __

257
235
50

TOO
76.50
83.50
78.00
79.50

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing

44
104

84.00
62.50

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , gen eral
M anufacturing — —-------------------------- — —
N on m an u factu rin g______________________

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations
124.00
136.50

{Draftsmen, sen ior
N onm anufacturing

101.50

D raftsm en, ju n ior ------------- -------

~TT
68

70.50
62.00

N urses, in du stria l (re g is te r e d )
M anufacturing _______________

1 Earnings are fo r a regular w orkw eek fo r w hich e m ployees r e c e iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la r ie s , exclu siv e o f any prem iu m pay.
2 Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 D escrip tion fo r this jo b has been r e v ise d sin ce the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




51

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C
N onm anufacturing

78.00
70.00
77.50

Sw itchboard o p era tors
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing

$ 102.50
101.50

$ 78 .00
79.00

Com ptom eter o p erators
Nonmanufacturing —

79-00
84.00

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs, c la s s A
M anufacturing
____— ---------------------—
—

Average
weekly j

O ccupation and industry division

46
“ 38“

102.50
T 0 i.5 0

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Albany—
Schenectady^Troy, N .Y ., M arch 1962)*
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF-

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number

<f
r

Avenge
hourly i
earnings

$
$
1.40
1.50
and
under
1.60
1.50

C a rp enters, m aintenance ______
__ . . .
M anufacturing „------------------------ ,_____________
N onm anufacturing ___ __ ___ _____________ ____

144
105
39

$2.73
2.78
2.57

-

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance _______
____
M anufacturing ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________ ___

303
257
46

2.92
2.92
2.94

*1.60

$
1.70

$
1.80

1.70

1.80

1.90

$

1.90

2.00

7

"

“

_
-

_

_
"

_
“

_
“

.
“

.
-

4
4

.
-

-

_
-

.
-

.
-

1

2
2

_
”

16
*

1

“

2
2

-

.
-

E n gin eers, station ary _ — . . .
. . . . .
_
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____ __ _________ __________ ___
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______ . . . ___ _____________

97
63
34

2.67
2.74
2.53

_
-

F ire m e n , station ary b o i l e r ___,_________________
M anufacturing . . . . . . ._ __ __ ._ . . _. _

104
70

2.27
2.44

“

H elp ers, m aintenance trades ________ _________ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___
. . . . . . . . . . .
N onm anufacturing ___________________________

183
157
26

2.37
2.38
2.30

-

_
-

M achinists, m a in te n a n c e ______ __ ______________
M anufacturing _____________ __________________

355
334

2.94
2.93

_
"

_
“

_
"

M ech an ics, autom otive
(m aintenance)
____ ______
. . . .
__ _.
M anufacturing ____ __________ ______________
Nonm anufacturing . . . . ____ . . ________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 _________________________

195
78
117
96

2.70
2.58
2.77
2.75

-

-

-

M ech an ics, m aintenance . .
. . . . . __ ___
M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________ ____________ _

106
85

2.65
2.6V

_

_

.

_

“

~

-

"

M illw rights __
— _. _. . . ____ . . __ . .
M anufacturing _______ _ ._____ ________ ______
_

94
78
51
51

2.26
2 .2 6

P a in ters, m a in te n a n c e __ _
M anufacturing _______ _

. . ------- _. ._ ._
_ . . _ _____

98
74

2.69
2.69

P ip efitters, m aintenance _ . . _____ ____________ _
M anufacturing __ _ ____ „ __ _. ________

269
229

3.01
2.99

.
“

S h eet-m etal w o rk e rs ,
m a in te n a n c e ___________________________________
M anufacturing __ __ __
__ __

51
46

3.01
2 .bo

$

2.10

2.20

2.00

2.10

2.20

$
2.30

$
2.40

$
2.50

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

$

12
8

4

12
12

15
3

_

"

_

5

12

-

4
4
-

11

4

9

2
2

2

8

4
4
4
4
“

2.98
2.96

O iler s __________ ____________________ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g
- - -

1

2

$

1
1

5
5

1
1

2

“

2

9
~

4
4

12

_

16

It

“

li

1

2
2

20
11

-

-

_
"

9

29
19
10

.

_

“

~

2
2

2
2

2
2

_
-

-

_
_
-

-

!

3
2
5
— T ~ ------4 " -----1
“

$
3.40

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.40

3.50

19
19
-

2
2

57
48
9

1
2

3
_
3

_

4
2
2

13
7
6

-

34
6
-----34~ — r ~
-

3
1

-

"

7
7
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

20
20

23

-

129

2

_
-

14
14
-

6
6

6
6

12
8

15
15

4
4

_

_

-

-

40
39
1

25
25
-

55
52
3

1
1

-

7
4
3

.
_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4'

9
9

24
24

31
31

4
4

8
8

29
29

2
2

180
-1 5 3 “

9
9

7
5
2

23
23
-

21
21
. 21

_
_
_
-

10
_
10
10

45
25
20
13

19
5
14
14

13

29

1
_
1
1

3

_

16
11

_

_

_

-

4
4

3

"

-

19
—

r~

13

9

-

2
i

"

3
-

1
-

4
4

12
10

4
1

18
18

_
“

_

_

_

_

_

_

11

■

•

“

1
■

4
4

"

21
21

7
7

7
7

7
7

4
4

11

11

— IT ”
-

-

_

2
2

6

...4 '

-

23
23

_

1

-

1

4
4

-

2
2

12

-

_
-

_
22
— 2T "

_
-

_
-

6

21
TT~

24
1
23
13

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45
29 .

13
13

10
16

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
27

1
1

!
-

1

4
-

-

20
163
20 ' T I T . —

2
r~

5
5

-

34
29

i

2
2

8

5
3

21
21

71
66

—

3
------ j -

10

_
-

8

"

~

27
T5

-

3
7

106

9
9
-

-

-

"

$
3.30

u

-

.

_

$
3.20

7
7
-

2

.

2
2

$
3.10

29
27

.

.
■

$
3.00

1

-

_
■

$
2.90

1
1

1

_

$
2.80

-

_
”

1

$
2.70

11
10

17
17

* E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.




4
— r ~

2.60

$

2
2

9
T
_

7
7

35
4
35 — T ~

6

6

_

_

2
2

_

_

10
Table A -5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p ation s studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in du stry d iv isio n , A lbany—
Sch en ectady— r o y , N. Y . , M arch 1962)
T
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p ation 1 and in d u stry d iv is io n

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s ,, p a s s e n g e r
(m en) ________ __ __ ______ __ __ ______

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
Average $
1.00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.4 0 1. 50 1.60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2 .0 0 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 $2 .6 0 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20
hourly
earnings^ and
under
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .40 1. 50 1 .60 1. 70 1. 80 1.90 2 .0 0 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2 .8 0 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3 .2 0 3 .3 0

30

$ 1. 45

9

-

4

1

7

1

-

38
38

1. 20
1. 20

11
11

16
16

2
2

5
5

-

1
1

3
3

G uards ___________ __ __ __ „ ________
M anufacturin g _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

211
152
59

2. 21
2. 26
2. 08

_
-

_
-

5

8
8
“

2
2

1
1

_
-

"

10
10

11

~

_
"

Ja n itors, p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(m en) ___________ _____ ___________ __
M anufacturin
_____________________
_____
___
N onm anufact
P u b lic uti
, 3 ____ ________ __

770
487
283
95

1. 81
1 .9 2
1. 63
2. 09

28
28

21
6
15

39
6
33

44
12
32

84
62
22

29
9
20

46
32
14

32
22
10

Ja n itors, p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(w om en) _______________ _____________
M anufacturing _________ ______________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

147
44
103

1. 38
1. 67
1. 25

35
35

21
1
20

20
20

9
8
1

3
3
“

19
13
6

18
18

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling ___________
M anufacturin g _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 ______________ __

867
573
294
77

2. 08
1 .9 5
2. 33
2. 53

-

-

3
3
-

10
2
8
-

121
114
7
-

15
6
9
-

131
122
9
-

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(worn en) ________ __ __ ___ ____ __ __ _____
8

322
157

2. 24
....2 ; 2 0 " '

-

-

P a c k e r s , shipping _____ _____ _______ _
M anufacturing _______________________

117
106

1 .9 5
1. W

.

.

-

“

R e ceiv in g c le r k s _______ __ ___ ______
M anufacturin g
_____ _______________
N onm anufacturing _____ __ ________

148
78
70

2. 08
2. 22
1.91

.

3

-

-

-

3

Shipping c le r k s __
M anufacturin g
_____ _______________

110
79

2. 37
2. 37

“

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k s __________
M anufacturin g _______________________

46
26

2. 31
2. 19

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4 __________ _
M anufacturin g _____
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 _________________

632
133
499
276

2. 67
2. 34
2. 75
2 .7 3




-

7

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
~

30
30
~

4
4
-

28
25
3

82
51
31

1
1
“

7
7

_
“

_
-

87
60
27
27

47
37
10
7

77
73
4
4

79
67
12
7

113
60
53
49

21
20
1
1

19
17
2

4
4

1
1

4
3
1

10
10
•

1
1

-

4
4

1
1

1
1

16
9
7
-

11
11
~

24
24
-

56
56
"

26
17
9
3

159
130
29
3

61
22
39
39

98
1
97
"

“

_
“

_
“

_
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
10
6
~

85
28
57
18

22
21
1

13
13
13

.
“

.
-

.
"

.
■

70
30

j
1

.

.

■

”

1
1

2
2

l

2
2

_
■

1
1

_
■

.
"

.
“

-

1

-

6
6

3
3

64
64

15
15

-

72
"

10
10

.

6
6

18
18

11
11

23
23

2
2

1
*

5
5

2
2

_

_

■

"

1

12
6
6

21
8
13

8
3
5

13
13

.
■

6
6
“

13
12
1

24
24
“

8
1
7

15
15
“

8
2
6

_
"

5
1
4

.
"

1
-

u
11

3
-

10
2

3
3

_

-

-

12
11

9
9

16
16

4
4

22
4

13
13

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

"

~

■

“

10
10

7
"

1
1

9
9

12
"

“

1
1

_

-

5
5
7
7

5

20

11
11
-

85

24

5

10
9
1
1

70

-

28
10
18

3

-

264
18
246
246

11
-

14
3

-

5
3

9
7

2
2

6
6

2
2

-

-

_

_

14
13

7
2

.

2
2

"

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
— r~
4

-

_
"

“

41
22

12
"

-

25
25
~

.

10
10

-

-

-

O rd e r f il l e r s _____ ______________________
M anufacturin g
______________________

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table,

6

-

-

16
-

-

35
29

"

16

82

8

-

-

_

_

_

"

"

“

_

"

1
"

5

95

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

95

Table A-5.

Custodial and Material M ovem ent Occupations— Continued

(A ve ra ge s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a sis
by industry d iv isio n , A lbany—
Schenectady^-Troy, N .Y ., M a rch 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings

$

$

$

$

1.10

1.20

1.30

1.10

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y 'd iv is io n

1.00

1.20

1.30

1.40

$

1.40

*

1.50

and
under
1.50

1.60

$
1.60

1.70

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20
1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4 — C ontinued
T r u c k d r iv e r s , ligh t (under
1 V2 ton s)
___________ __

25

____

35

$2.09

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m (lVz to
and in clu d in g 4 ton s) ________ ________ __
Mannffl ctu rin g
N onm aniifacturin g
P u b lic u t i li t ie s 1 __________________
3
2

159
42
117
108

2.49
2.22

1

2.59
2.67

4

P u b lic u t i li t ie s 3 ___________________

172
172
168

2.77
2.77
2.77

T r u c k d r iv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 ton s,
oth er than t r a ile r type) —____________

210

233

2.26
2.23

_

3,

_

3
3

3
3

5
5

1
_

2.87

_

_

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea vy (o v e r 4 ton s,
t r a ile r type)
_ ____
__ ____

T r u c k e r s , p ow er (fo r k lift)
M anufacturin g

______________

210

W a t c h m e n ________________________________________

154

M anufacturin g --------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing __________________ _____

112

42

1.78
1.78
1.63

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

5
5

1
1

.2

_

4

40

8
8

-

-

11

29
29

“

"

4

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

82
4
78
78

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

~

*

“

-

"

“

■

■

168
168
168

4

9

-

-

82

15

-

1

10
10

6

36

66

6

20

12
12

5
5

3
3

_

_

_

"

-

"

.

22
10
12

15
15

5
4
1

-

_

5

8

-

-

8

5

-

“

■

-

-

-

13
13

12
12

_

-

“

24
8
16

7
7

16
14

50
50

_

14
14

20

14
13

-

20

*

1

-

4

1 Data lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w here oth e rw ise indicated.
2 E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h o lid a y s, and late sh ifts.
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and other pu b lic u tilitie s.
4 In clu des a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f tru ck op erated.




7
7

1

70

6
-

6

12
12

•

"

-

5

-

95

-

-

-

-

1




B:

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
A lban yH S ch enectady— r o y , N . Y . , M a r c h 1962)
T
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—
T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

S e co n d s h ift
w o rk

T ota l

__ ___

___

__ _______________

W ith s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

_

__ _______

___ __

T h ir d o r other
s h ift w o rk

S e co n d sh ift

8 6 .6

7 6 .7

16. 5

7 .3

8 5 .4

7 6 .7

1 5 .9

7 .3

5 1 .4

4 5 .7

9 .3

4 .6

5 c e n ts ___ _____
»
___
__ __ __
6 ce n ts __
__________ _____ _____
___
___ __ __ __
7 ce n ts __ ___ ___ __
8 ce n ts __ ____ __ ___ __________ ________
9 c e n t s ___________________________________
____
_____
10 ce n ts
11 ce n ts
__ ______
____
----- __ __
_______
__ ______ __
12 ce n ts ____
— _______
13 ce n ts __ _______________
13 V3 ce n ts __ _____ _______________ __________
14 c e n ts ______________________________ ,_____
15 c e n ts _______ ____________ ___ __ __
183/4 c e n ts ___
__ __
__ ___
______
21 ce n ts ___ . . . ___________________________
O v e r 21 c e n ts ______________________________

11. 3

.7
-

_
-

1. 5
-

1. 5
.4
1. 5
1 .3
.9
.9
.5
.5
1. 5
.2
-

1. 5
7. 1

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e ___________________________

3 4 .0

31. 0

6. 5

2 .7

5 p e r c e n t ____ __ __ _____ ___ __
__ _
6 percent
__
__ ___ __ __ __ __
7 V 2 p e r c e n t ______
__ ------ ------------ ----10 p e r c e n t __________________________________
20 p e r c e n t __________ __ __
_____ __

3. 2
3 .0

30. 1
.9

1. 1
. 1
. 1

2. 7
"

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r)

N o s h ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l

__

___________

_________________________

1 .6
6. 5
6. 5

3 .9
6 .9
3 .4
3. 8
4. 2
1 .6

1 .8

2 6 .0
1. 2

1
In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s ,
e v e n though th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .

1 .8

11 . 6
1 .6

9 .1
2 .4
5 .0
3 .8
1 .0

.2

-

5 .2
•

1 .0
.2

1 .4
. 1
.7
.2
. 1
. 1
.8

.6

and e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts

13
Table B-2.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en Office W orkers

(D is trib u tio n o£ e stablish m en ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s b y m in im u m e n tran ce s a la r y £or s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o£ in e x p e rie n ce d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , A lb a n y-S ch e n e cta d y— r o y , N. Y . , M a rch 1962)
T
Other inexperienced clerical workers 1
2

Inexperienced typists
Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
Minimum weekly salary 1

A ll

Manufacturing
A ll
industries

Based on standard weekly hours 3 ofAll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

37 V2

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours3 ofA ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

37 Vz

40

-------

102

47

XXX

55

XXX

XXX

102

47

XXX

55

XXX

XXX

Establishments having a specified m in i m u m -------- —— . . . . .

40

19

12

21

9

11

44

20

13

24

10

12

Under $ 4 0 .0 0 _______________________ _______________________
_. _. _____
$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 4 2 .5 0 _____
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 4 5 .0 0 _______
_.
. . .
$ 4 5 . 00 and under $ 4 7 . 50
_____________
. . __ __
$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 50. 00 _ __ __ ______
._ _____
$ 50. 00 and under $ 52. 50 ________________________________
$ 52. 50 and under $ 55. 00 _ __ _____ . .
------------— _.
$ 55. 00 and under $ 57. 50 _ ------—
---------$ 57. 50 and under $ 60. 00 ------ $ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 62. 50 _____
$ 62. 50 and under $ 6 5 .0 0 ________________________________
$ 65. 00 and under $ 67. 50 ________________________________
$ 67. 50 and under $ 70. 00
_____
___
___ __
$ 70. 00 and under $ 72. 50 ________________________________
$ 7 2 . 50 and over _ _____
__ ___
„ „
____________

_
1
1
5
3
9
2
4
2
2
1
1
4
2
3

_

_
1
1
4
2
4
1
3
1

_
2
1
3
1
1

_
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
-

1
1
3
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

1

2
1

_
2
1
2
2
1
2
2
1

_
1
1
1
1
3
1
-

1
1
2
2
1

_
2
2
3
2
1
4
1
2
2
1

1
2
1
2
2
6
1
3
1

-

1
2
1
4
4
9
1
5
2
4
1
1
4
2
3

1
1

1
1
5
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
1

_
1
1
2
1
-

1
2
2

1
-

2
2

18

12

XXX

6

XXX

XXX

16

11

XX X

5

XX X

XX X

44

16

XXX

28

XX X

XXX

42

16

XXX

26

XXX

XXX

Establishments studied

__ _ __

----- -----------------

Establishments having no specified minimum ------

-

-

-

-

Establishments which did not employ workers

g

y

1 L o w e s t s a la r y ra te f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h irin g in e x p e rie n ce d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r o th e r c le r i c a l jo b s .
2 R a tes a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a re not c o n s id e r e d .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . D ata a re p r e s e n te d fo r a ll w ork w eek s com b in ed , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek s r e p o rte d .




14
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in industry d iv isio n s by sch edu led w e e k ly hou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , A lbany—
Sch en ectady— r o y , N . Y . , M arch 1962)
T
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

W eek ly h ours
All industries

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2
1

_ —

100

100

100

U nder 37 1/2 h ou rs -------------- ----------------------------37V2 h ou rs ______
___ __ __ -----------------------O v er 37 V2 and under 40 h ou rs ------------------------40 h ou rs ____
__ __
------- -----------------------O v er 40 and under 44 h ou rs __ ________________
44 hou rs ______ __ __ __ __ __ — _ -------------O ver 44 and under 48 h ours __ -----------------------48 h ou rs and o v e r _____ __ ____________________

2
37
4
56
-

1
13
9
76
-

4
72
24
-

All industries 34

A il w o r k e r s

1
2
3
4

___________

_____

_________

0

(4 )

Manufacturing

100

1

1
10
3
77
(4 )
2
3
2

Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv ision s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu b lic u t ilitie s .
Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , re ta il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly.
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




100

Public utilities 2

100

J
6
5
82
2
3

98
2

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P e r c e n t d istribu tion o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s by num ber o f paid h olid ays
p ro vid e d annually, A lban y-S ch en ecta d y— r o y , N .Y ., M a rch 1962)
T
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h olid a y s --------- ---------------------------------------- —
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
„ „ paid h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------

Public utilities2

Manufacturing

100

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

All industries3

1

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

1
'

Number of days

L e s s than 6 h olid a ys ----------------------------------------------------6 h olid a ys -------------- __ ------------------------ — -------6 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf day -----------------------------------------6 h olid a ys plug 2 h a lf days _____________________
7 h olid a ys --------- ------------------7 h olid a y s plus 1 'half day ___________________________
7 h olid a ys plus 2 h alf days
—
_ ----------------8 h olid a y s ________ ,___ ^______ ______________________
8 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf day ---------------------------- ;----9 h olid a ys -------------------------------------------------------------10 h olid a y s _________ ________________ _________
11 h olid a ys ______________________________________
12 h olid a y s
_ — __ — — --------------------

2
20
£ )

(4 )
19
(4 )

5
23
(4 )
8
(4 )
21

j

36
1
2
38
(4)
(4 )
-

18
55

6
22
1
1
32
1
3
23
1
4
1
4

(4)
1
41
42
78
79
99
100
100
100

55
55
55
73
73
73
73
92
92
100
100
100
100

.
4
4
4
8
9
35
36
70
71
94
98
99
99

21

0

(4 )

8
18
-

1
9
2
2
43
2
5
34
1
1
(4 )
-

25
33

( !)
(4 )
2
3
41
43
89
91
99
100
100
100

33
33
33
69
59
59
59
92
92
100
100
100
100

8
33
-

1

Total holiday time5
12 days

___________________________________________

11 o r m o r e days ________________________________
10 o r m o r e days ________________________________
9 V2 o r m o r e days _______________________________
9 o r m o r e days _________ _____ _______ ______________
8 V2 o r m o r e d a y s _______________________________
8 o r m o r e days
___________ _____ _______ ___
7 V2 o r m o r e days _______________________________
7 o r m o r e days _____ _____ ______ ________ —
6 V2 o r m o r e days _______________________________
6 o r m o r e days
J ..
,,
.,
5 o r m o r e days _ ___ __ _ __ --------------- _
4 o r m o r e days __________________________________
3 o r m o r e days
____________________________ ___

*
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

1
22
22
22
30
31
58
58
78
78
98
99
99
100

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; finance, in su ran ce, and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely.
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s.
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il trade, re a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s show n se p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e amount are com b in ed ; fo r exam ple, the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days includ es those w ith 7 fu ll days and
d ays, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d ays, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf days, and so on. P r o p o r tio n s w e re then cum ulated.




16
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by v a ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , A lb a n y-S ch en ecta d y— r o y , N .Y ., M arch 1962)
T
PLANT WORKER8

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries1
A llw o r k e r s

_____________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
88
8
1
2

100
82
13
2
3

100
100
-

-

“

M eth od o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
paid va ca tion s ____ ________ _______ ____ ____ ___
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent ------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e paym ent ------------------------------------F la t -s u m paym ent ____ ____ __ ____________——
O ther ___________ ___ ____ ..._______________ ___
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
no paid vacation s __ _____ ________ __________—
A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 4
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____________________________________
1 w eek _____ _ __ __
__
___ __ ___ ____ _ __
_____ __ _____ _ _
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s
__
____ __ _
2 w eek s
_ _ ___ ___ ___

5
44
9
3

3
44
9
-

_
60
18
-

5
19
9
-

8
16
6
-

_
35
25
-

_
15
84
1

_
9
89
-

_
22
78
-

2
67
1
29
(5)

3
72
2
22
1

_
40
60
-

_
5
3
91
1
( 5)

_
5
2
91

_
3
18
80

2
32
26
38

3
35
35
23

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

3

_
19
15
65
_
-

1
1
96
2

2
2
93
3

1
99
-

10
32
55
3

9
47
39
5

2
2
96
-

1
(5)
96
1
1

2
1
95
3
-

10
31
56
3
-

9
46
41
5
-

2
2
96
_
-

4
2
85
2
6

2
3
85
4
5
_

100

A fter 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
_
____ _
_ _______ ______
1 w eek
________ ____ ____
__ ___ _ __ .
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s ______ _______________
2 w eek s
________ __ __
__ _____ ____
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __ ____ ____ ________ __
A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _ __ ____________________ „ _____
1 w eek --------- ---------------- -------- ------------------------- O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks
__ ___ ______ _ __
2 w eek s
_________ _______________ _ __ _____
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w eek s
___________ __ __________ _______ —
A fter 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s
_____ _____ ______
2 w eeks ______ ____ __ _. _r_
lm ___ ____________
3 w eek s
___ _________ _ __ ___ ___ ___ _ ___

-

A fter 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _ _________ ___
____ _ __ --- ------O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s ______________________
2 w eek s ____________________________ _____________
3 w eek s
______ ___ ___ ___ ___ ________ ________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ___ _________________

1
99
-

-

A fter 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s _________ *___________
2 w eek s
. ....
__
O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks ______________________
3 w eeks
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ______________________
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------

See footn ote s at end o f table,




(5)

(5)

94
3
2
1
“

92
4
4
_

100

-

-

-

“

(5)

-

-

( 5)

.
_
_
_
_
-

17

Tabic B-5. Paid Vacations— Continued
(P e r c e n t distrib u tion o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , A lban y*-S ch en ecta dy-T roy, N .Y ., M a r c h 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries1

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 4 —

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

C o n t in u e d

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------___
__ __ ------ ------ — ~ ~
2 w eek s
O v er 2 and under 3 w ee k s
--------------3 w eek s
_
_
__ __ . . . . . . .
. ------—
4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------

(5)
72
4
22
1

(5)
56
7
37
-

80
20
-

3
59
9
29
(5)

2
57
14
27
(5)

.
62
38
-

(5)
51
24
24
1

( 5)
26
34
40
-

_
80
20
"

3
40
26
30
(5)

2
31
39
28
( 5)

_
62
38
-

(5)
19
79
1

(5)
11
88
1

_
5
95
-

3
18
5
71
2

2
14
8
71
2
2

(5)
99
-

(5)
15
70
_
15

(5)
11
63
26

_

5
9
5
(5
)

3
15
4
60
3

2
11
6
61
5
16

(5)
91
_
8

(5)
15
_
20
2
63

(5)
11
21
3
65

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
____ ___ _____
_
2 w eek s
— _ _____ . _
O v er 2 and under 3 w ee k s
3 w eek s
— ...
4 w eek s ___ —
_____ . . .

------- ._
. ..
.
.
- -----— _
...... .. — ... .
..... . . . ...

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
___
... — ..... . ... —
....
___
. . . .
-----. . . . -----—
2 w eek s
O v er 2 and under 3 w ee k s
_____ — -------- —
3 w eek s ___________________________________________
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s ___ ____ ___ __________
4 w eek s ------------------------------ ------------------------- -------

1

_

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------------__________ ___ __ _____ . . — . . . . ----2 w eek s
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s ____ _ __ ------ ----3 w eek s
__
__ — . . . _ — ------ _. —
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s _______ ______________
4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------

1
6

.

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______ _______________ __ _____ _____________
- - __ - __
2 w eeks
. . . . . __ _____ . . . . . . —
O v er 2 and under 3 w ee k s ___ _____________ __ . . .
3 w eek s ___________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------

1
2
3
4
s e r v ic e
5

_
5
23
-

73

3

15
1
29
4
49

In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; re ta il trade; fin a n ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n sep a ra tely .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu b lic u tilitie s.
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , re ta il trad e, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n
se p a ra te ly .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily ch o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r exa m p le, the changes in p r o p o r tio n s
includ e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a rs .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.

N O T E : In
to an equivalent

the tabulations o f v a ca tio n allo w a n ce s by y e a rs o f s e r v ic e , paym ents oth er than "len gth o f t im e ," such
tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e rce n t o f annual earn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




.

2
11
2
28
6
52

(5)
36
-

64

in d ica ted

as p e rce n ta g e o f annualea rn in gs o r fla t -s u m paym ents, w ere

at 10 y e a r s ’

con v erted

18
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

{P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s e m p lo y e d in esta b lish m en ts p rov id in g
health, in su ra n ce , o r p en sion b e n e fits , A lb a n y -S ch e n e c ta d y -T r o y , N .Y ., M a rch 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

T yp e o f b en efit
All industries1

100

97

98

98

53

67

59

L ife in su ra n ce
___ _
_ . . __ . ___ . . .
A cc id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n ce . . . . . .
_ ___ . . . .
__
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r
s ic k lea ve o r b o th 4 _ _ . . . ___ _
_ . ...

_

__ _

All industries 3

100

100

_

Public utilities13
2

100

---------- _

A ll w o r k e r s

Manufacturing

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

95

99

100

55

65

44
71

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p r o v id in g :

93

89

98

75

83

S ick n ess and a ccid e n t in su ra n ce _______
S ick lea v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) _________________________
S ick lea v e (p a rtia l pay o r
w aiting p e r i o d ) _________ ,_______________

44

61

5

58

75

12

82

81

95

10

1

26

3

2

3

10

6

33

H osp ita liz a tio n in su ra n ce __________________
S u r g ic a l in su ra n ce . . . . . . . ___ . . . . .
M ed ica l in su ra n ce
_
. . . . .
C ata stroph e in su ra n ce
__ _
_ _
__ . __ . . —
R etirem en t p e n sio n
No health, in s u ra n ce , o r p e n sio n plan __ _

91
91
60
69
83
1

88
88
66
53
92
2

95
95
95
92
75

92
92
55
40
77
3

99
99
61
38
89

89
89
89
83
71

1 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown separately.
4 U nduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k leave o r s ick n e s s and accid e n t in su ran ce show n s e p a ra te ly below . Sick leave plans a re lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m num ber o f days' pay that can be e x p e c te d by e a ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k leave a llo w a n ce s determ in ed on an individual b a s is a r e ex clu d ed .




Appendix A : Changes in Occupational D escriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more sp ecific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and Q in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

19




Appendix B : Occupalional D escriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from t(ips? in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g.., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class 5 —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY—-Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type horn
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOft-Contiritied
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter* reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include Simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sortihg dr collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this workers time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.



TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class fi—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perforih other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use o f drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength o f materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establish•
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

27

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in die trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of die maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, die work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine* guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




29

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices} unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




30

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

* U S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1982 0 — 645065


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102