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M oney Disbursements o f W age Earners
and Clerical W orkers in Eight Cities
in the East N orth Central Region
1934-36
By
F A IT H M . W IL L IA M S and A L IC E C . H A N S O N
Assisted b y G E N E V IE V E B. W IM S A T T
o f the Bureau o f Labor Statistics

Bulletin

A£o. 636

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR




B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S

U. S. D EP A R T M E N T OF LABOR
F rances P erkins , Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

ISADOR LUBIN
Commissioner
S id n e y W . W il c o x
Chief Statistician

A. F. H i n r i c h s
Chief Economist
H

S. H a n n a
Chief
Editorial and Research
ugh

STAFF FOR THE STUD Y OF M O N E Y D ISBU R SEM E N T S OF W A G E E A R N E R S AN D CLERICAL
W O R K E R S IN

EIG H T

CITIES IN TH E

F

EA ST N ORTH

C EN TR AL R EGION

M. W i l l i a m s
Chief
Cost of Living Division
G

ertrude

a it h

S c h m i d t W e i s s and A l i c e C. H
General Directors of Field Work

anso n

A l i c e C. H a n s o n
General Director of Tabulation
E dna D . H orner
Assistant Director of Tabulation
D

ir e c t o r s

L o u i s e E i s e n l o h r , Cincinnati.
R o l l i n J . S t i c k l e and A n n J a m
Cleveland.
A n n J a m e s , Columbus
L o u i s e S . K l u m p p , Indianapolis
L e o n a r d L i n s e n m a y e r , Milwaukee

of

F ie l d W
F

es,

ork

R. R i c e and A r t h u r L . R a y H a w k , Regional Directors of Field
Work in all Michigan cities, assisted
by—
W i l l i a m D a v i s , A r t h u r W. H e r l i h y ,
and E i l e e n L e a c h
rances

SUPER VISO R S OF T A B U L A T IO N IN TH E

Jo seph B

o r us,

FIELD

K a t h r y n H e a t h , E p p a H e a t o n , A r t h u r W. H
W. H e r b s t , B e l l e R a n k i n , and H a r r y W i n c k e l




e r l ih y

, A

l ic e

U N IT E D S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
F r a n c e s P e Sr e c r ei t na r sy ,
k
B

U

R E A U
O F
L A B O
I s a d o r L uC ob m i m i s, s i o n e r
n

R

S T A

T I S T I C

S

M oney Disbursements o f W ag e Earners
and Clerical W ork ers in Eight Cities
in the East N orth Central Region
1 9 3 4 -3 6

By
F A IT H M . W IL L IA M S and A L IC E C . H A N S O N
A s s is t e d b y
G E N E V I E V E
B . W I M S A
o f t h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

T T

Bulletin 7S[o. 636

U
G

O

V
W

F o r

s a le

b y




t h e

N

E R
A

I T E D
N

M

S H

S T A

E N
I N

G

T

T E S

P R
T O

S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D

I N

T I N

N

:

1 9 4 0

o c u m

G

O F F I C E

e n t s , W P a r s i hc ei n 5 g 0 t oc ne n, tD s . C .




CONTENTS
Page

P r e f a c e _____________________________________________________________________________

ix

S u m m a r y _____________________________________________________________________________

1

P a r t I . W h it e F a m i l i e s :
C h a p t e r 1. Incom e Level and M on ey D isbu rsem ent__________________

7

Current expenditures of each city group as a w h ole________________
F o o d _________________________________________________________________

7
7

H ou sin g ______________________________________________________________

8

C lo th in g _____________________________________________________________

9

O ther ite m s__________________________________________________________

9

F am ily in com e___________________________________________________________
D istribu tion of expenditures at successive incom e levels__________

10
16

Variations in m oney disbursem ents---------------------------------------------

21

In com e levels and planes of liv in g ____________________________________

23

Size and com postion of fa m ily ____________________________________

23

Planes of living determ ined b y fam ily size as well as in com e. _

25

E quivalence between total expenditures and econom ic le v e ls.

29

Order of expenditures a t different econom ic levels__________________

29

Expenditures a t tw o econom ic levels_____________________________

33

Changes in assets and liabilities________________________________________
C h a p t e r 2 . Expenditures for Specified G oods____________________________

34
41

F o o d _______________________________________________________________________

41

Annual food expenditures_________________________________________

41

F ood expenditures in 1 week in spring and winter q u a r te rs..
H ou sin g ___________________________________________________________________
H o m e ownership____________________________________________________

42
48
48

Size of h om es_______________________________________________________
48
G arage_______________________________________________________________
50
50
H ou sin g facilities___________________________________________________
H ou sin g expenditures____________________________________________________52
H o m e ow ners__________________________________________________
52
R en ters_________________________________________________________
54
Vacation housing and room rent at sch ool________________
54
Fuel, light, and refrigeration________________________________
54
Other item s of household operation________________________
55
Furnishings and equ ip m en t____________________________________________

56

C lo th in g ___________________________________________________________________

57

Variability of clothing expenditures_____________________________

57

T o ta l expenditure per fam ily for cloth in g______________________

58

G ifts of clothing______________________ - _____________________________

58

C loth in g expenditures for m en and b o y s________________________

58

Clothing expenditures for w om en and girls_____________________

61

O ccupational differences in clothing expenditures_____________

63

T ran sp ortation___________________________________________________________

66

R ecreation________________________________________________________________

69

Personal care_____________________________________________________________

69




h i

iv

CONTENTS

P a r t I. W

h it e

F a m i l i e s — C ontinued.

C h a p t e r 2. Expenditures for Specified G oods— Continued.

Page

M edical care______________________________________________________________
F o rm a l education________________________________________________________

70
72

V o c a tio n ___________________________________________________________________
G ifts and contributions to individuals and to com m unity welfare

73

agencies, and direct ta x es_____________________________________________

73

M iscellaneous ite m s______________________________________________________
C h a p t e r 3. A Generation of Changing L iving Stand ards________________

74
75

D istribu tion of current expenditures in 1 9 3 4 -3 6 as com pared w ith
those in 1 9 1 7 -1 8 _______________________________________________________

75

P a r t II. N e gr o F a m il ie s :
C h a p t e r 1. Incom e L evel and M o n ey D isbu rsem ents___________________

81

F a m ily in com e____________________________________________________________

81

Current expenditures of each city group as a w h ole________________

84

D istribu tion of expenditures at successive incom e levels___________

85

Size and com position of fa m ily ___________________________________

86

Order o f expenditures at successive econom ic le ve ls________________

87

Order o f expenditures at tw o econom ic levels______________

88

C hanges in assets and liabilities_______________________________________
C h a p t e r 2. Expenditures for Specified G o o d s____________________________

90
94

F o o d _______________________________________________________________________
A n n u al food expenditure__________________________________________

94
94

F ood expenditures in 1 week in the spring qu arter___________

94

H ou sin g ____________________________________________________________________

96

H ousing facilities___________________________________________________
H ou sin g expenditures______________________________________________

96
98

H o m e ow ners__________________________________________________

98

R en ters_________________________________________________________
Secondary housing____________________________________________
Fuel, light, and refrigeration______ __________________________
Other item s of household operation________________________
Furnishings and eq u ip m en t____________________________________________
C lo th in g ___________________________________________________________________
T o ta l expenditure per fam ily for clothing______________________
H o m e sew in g__________________________________________________
G ifts of clothing____________________________________________________
C loth in g expenditures for m en and b o y s________________________

99
99
99
100
100
101
101
101
101
102

C loth in g expenditures for wom en and girls_____________________
Other groups of item s of current expenditures______________________

102
104

P a r t I I I . T a b u l a r S u m m a r y ____________________________________________________
P a r t IV . A p p e n d ix e s :

107

A p p e n d ix A . N otes on T abu lar S u m m a ry ________________________________

373

G eneral------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E conom ic fa m ily ___________________________________________________

373

H ou seh old___________________________________________________________

373

N e t fam ily income or net m oney incom e_______________________

373

Current expenditures______________________________________________

374

Surplus or deficit___________________________________________________

375

Surplus_______________________________________________________________

375

D eficit________________________________________________________________

375

In h eritan ce__________________________________________________________
T o ta l m on ey receipts______________________________________________

376
376

T o ta l m on ey disbursem ents_______________________________________

376




373

CONTENTS

V

P a r t I V . A p p e n d i x e s — C ontinued.
A p p e n d i x A . N o tes on tabular sum m ary— Continued.
G eneral— Continued

Page

B alancing difference_______________________________________________

37 6

Schedule y ear_______________________________________________________
Averages based on all fam ilies____________________________________

37 6
37 7

N otes on individual tables______________________________________________
Local conditions affecting the d a ta ------------------------------------------------------

37 7
390

C ost of livin g------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

390

Sales ta x ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

391

R elief_________________________________________________________________
T able A . N u m ber of families of tw o or more persons on

391

relief in the period covered b y the survey when relief
was at a peak -----------------------------------------------------------------------

392

A p p e n d ix B . Scope of the In vestigation __________________________________

393

Geographic area covered in cities in the E ast N orth

Central

region___________________________________________________________________
Scope of the N ation-w ide stu d y ____________________________________
A p p e n d ix C . Period Covered by the S tu d y -----------------------------------------------

393
393
395

T able B . Period to which data in schedules for cities in the E ast
N orth Central region a p p ly --------------------------------------------------------------A p p e n d ix D . Selection of Families to be In terview ed__________________
M e th o d of choosing the sam ple________________________________________
Rules for determining eligibility of fam ilies--------------------------------------A p p e n d i x E . N a tiv ity of the H om em akers in the Fam ilies S tu d ie d ._
A p p e n d i x F . Field Procedure_______________________________________________

395
39 7
39 7
402
40 7
409

Interview m ethod of securing d a ta ____________________________________

409

Figure B . Schedule facsim ile_____________________________________

41 0

Check interview ing______________________________________________________

429

F ood check lists for 1 w eek_____________________________________________

429

W e ek ly records of food consum ption_________________________________

429

A p p e n d i x G . A n alytical Procedure________________________________________

431

Incom e classification_____________________________________________________
Classification b y economic level________________________________________
Expenditure unit— food relatives______________________________________
T a ble C . R elative food expenditures for persons of different
age, sex, and occupation________________________________________
Expenditure unit— clothing relatives_________________________________
T a b le D . R elative clothing expenditures for persons of dif­
ferent age, sex, and occupation________________________________
Expenditure unit— other ite m s________________________________________
T o ta l expenditure u n it__________________________________________________

431
431
431

Figure C. Sam ple code sheet_____________________________________

437

43 2
433
433
43 6
43 6

A d ju stm en t for contact w ith families through other m em ber than
chief earner_____________________________________________________________

43 8

Table E . D erivation of adju stm en t factors for earner groups.

440

Table F . Illustration of application of adjustm ent factors to
schedule d a ta _____________________________________________________

442

List o f Text Tables in Part I
Table 1. Expenditures for groups of ite m s_____________________________________

8

2 . Occupational classification of chief earners__________________________

10

3. Sources of fam ily income at successive income levels----------------------

13




VI

CONTENTS

Page

Table 4.
5.
6.
7.
.
9.
10.
8

11.
12.

13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.

27.
28.

Items comprising family income_______________________________
Family incomes----------------------------------------------------------------------Average unit expenditure at successive income levels___________
Total expenditure of families of different size at given economic
levels_______________________________________________________
Average unit expenditure at successive economic levels_________
Expenditures in rank order at two different economic levels____
Percentage of families having surplus and deficit and net change
in assets and liabilities during the schedule year at successive
economic levels--------------------------------------------------------------------Changes in assets and liabilities during the schedule year at suc­
cessive economic levels______________________________________
Unit food expenditure at low and high economic levels_________
Expenditures for food per capita per week_____________________
Proportion of families spending enough to purchase an adequate
diet at minimum cost_______________________________________
Average number of persons per room at successive economic
levels_______________________________________________________
Housing facilities at the end of the schedule year_______________
Housing expenditures__________________________________________
Expenditures for fuel, light, and refrigeration__________________
Expenditures for furnishings and equipment at different economic
levels_______________________________________________________
Distribution of annual clothing expenditure for individuals in
families, at successive economic levels, men and boys________
Distribution of annual clothing expenditure for individuals in
families at successive economic levels, women and girls______
Expenditures for automobile operation and maintenance for auto­
mobile owners at successive economic levels__________________
_
Radio ownership and purchase at successive economic levels_
Expenditures for medical care at successive economic levels_
_
Percentage of total expenditures for community welfare and gifts
and contributions going to various items_____________________
Percentage change in the cost of goods purchased by wage earners
and clerical workers from the time of the 1917-18 survey to
the time of the 1934-36 survey______________________________
Differences in incomes and current expenditures between the
groups studied in 1917-18 and 1934-36, in four cities________
Distribution of current family expenditures in 1917-18 and
1934-36_____________________________________________________

15
16
26
29
31
34

37
39
41
45
47
49
52
53
55
56
60
63
67
69
71
74

76
76
77

List o f Figures in Part I
Figure 1. Sources of family income at successive income levels, Milwaukee.
2. Patterns of family expenditures at successive income levels,
Detroit____________________________________________________
3. Relative family expenditures at successive income levels,
Detroit____________________________________________________
4. Size of family at successive income levels,Columbus___________
5. Distribution of family expenditures at two different economic
levels, Cleveland___________________________________________
6 . Food expenditures at successive economic levels,Cincinnati____




15
18
19
24
30
43

CONTENTS

VII

P age
Figure 7. Proportion of families spending enough to purchase an adequate
diet at minimum cost at successive economic levels, Cincin­
nati________________________________________________________
8 . Proportion of families having selected housing facilities at suc­
cessive economic levels, Lansing____________________________
9. Distribution of annual clothing expenditures for individuals in
families at successive economic levels_______________________
A. Estimated annual clothing expenditures by persons of different
age, sex, and occupation____________________________________
10. Proportion of families owning automobiles at successive economic
levels, Grand Rapids_______________________________________

46
51
59
65
66

L is t o f T e x t T a b le s i n P a r t II
Table 29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.

36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.

Family income_______________________________________________
Sources of family income at successive income levels__________
Expenditures for groups of items_____________________________
Average unit expenditure at successive income levels__________
Average unit expenditure at successive economic levels________
Expenditures in rank order at two different economic levels___
Percentage of families having surplus and deficit and net change
in assets and liabilities during the schedule year at successive
economic levels_____________________________________________
Changes in assets and liabilities during the schedule year at
successive economic levels__________________________________
Expenditures for food per capita per week____________________
Average number of persons per room at successive economic
levels______________________________________________________
Housing facilities at the end of the schedule year_____________
Housing expenditures________________________________________
Expenditures for furnishings and equipment at different
economic levels____________________________________________
Distribution of clothing expenditures for individuals in families
at successive economic levels, men and boys________________
Distribution of clothing expenditures for individuals in families
at successive economic levels, women and girls______________
Radio ownership and purchase at successive economic levels_
_
Expenditures for recreation and transportation at two different
economic levels____________________________________________

82
83
84
86
88
90

92
93
95
97
98
99
100
102
104
105
105

L is t o f F ig u r e s i n P a r t II
Figure 11. Sources of family income at successive income levels, Indian­
apolis_____________________________________________________
1 2 . Size of family at successive income levels, Cincinnati________
13. Distribution of family expenditures at two different economic
levels, Indianapolis_______________________________________
14. Proportion of families spending enough to purchase an adequate
diet at minimum cost at successive economic levels________
15. Distribution of annual clothing expenditures for individuals in
families at successive economic levels______________________




83
86
89
96
103

V III

CONTENTS

List o f Tables in Tabular Summary
Table

Page

1. Distribution of families by economic level and income level___
109
2. Description of families studied, by economic level_____________
112
Occupation of chief earner.
Family type.
Nativity of homemaker.
Composition of household.
Earnings and income.
3. Expenditures for groups of items, by economic level__________
132
4. Disposition of money received during schedule year not used
for current expenditure, and funds made available for family
use from sources other than family income in schedule year,
by economic level__________________________________________
142
158
5. Description of families studied, by income level_______________
Occupation of chief earner.
Family type.
Nativity of homemaker.
Composition of household.
Earnings and income.
6 . Expenditures for groups of items, by income level_____________
178
7. Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home
during 1 week, by economic level___________________________
188
8 . Annual food expenditures, by economic level_____________ ____
228
9. Housing facilities, by economic level__________________________
236
10. Housing expenditures, by economic level_____________________
244
11. Fuel, light, and refrigeration expenditures, by economic level__
260
12. Household operation expenditures other than for fuel, light, and
refrigeration, by economic level_____________________________
276
13. Transportation expenditures, by economiclevel-----------------------284
14. Personal care expenditures and medical care expenditures, by
economic level_____________________________________________
292
15. Recreation expenditures, by economic level___________________
300
16. Formal education, vocation, community welfare, gifts and con­
tributions, and miscellaneous expenditures, by economic level308
17. Clothing expenditures, by economic level_____________________
316
18. Furnishings and equipment expenditures, by economic level___
339
19. Description of families studied at three economic levels_______
343
Composition of household.
Earnings and income.
2 0 . Expenditures for groups of items, at three economic levels_____
348
21. Distribution of families of types comparable with those studied
353
in 1917-18, by economic level and income level_____________
22. Description of families of types comparable with those studied
in 1917-18, by income level________________________________
355
Composition of household.
Earnings and income.
23. Expenditures of families of types comparable with those studied
in 1917-18 for groups of items, by income level_____________
362
24A. Coefficients of variation of expenditures for groups of items____
369
24B. Coefficients of variation of expenditures for groups of items, by
income levels______________________________________________
369
25. Expenditures for groups of items estimated from regression
equation, Detroit__________________________________________
370
N o t e .— F o r each ta b le e x c e p t 24 A , 2 4 B , a n d 25, co m p a ra b le d a ta for N e g ro fam ilies ap p ea r im m e d ia te ly
fo llo w in g th o se for w h ite fa m ilies.




PREFACE

The Bureau of Labor Statistics has been making studies of the
money receipts and disbursements of wage earners and salaried work­
ers since 1888. The first survey was initiated to provide information
on wages and levels of living among American and European workers.
Later studies, made in 1903 and 1918, were undertaken to secure
weights for indexes of the cost of food and other goods purchased by
families of wage earners and salaried workers.
The 1918 survey, in which data were obtained from 12,096 families
at 7 different income levels, has supplied the weights for the cost of
living indexes published currently by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Since 1918, however, consumer purchasing habits and the articles
available in the retail market have greatly changed. Many new types
of articles which were not on the market in the earlier period are now
commonly purchased by families of wage earners and clerical workers.
Other goods in common use in 1918 are seldom or never purchased by
workers’ families of the present day.
The present survey, covering 2,694 families in eight cities in the
East North Central region, is part of a Nation-wide survey undertaken
to give a revised and complete account of the kinds of goods and
services which represent the purchases of typical families of employed
workers in 1934-36. The data obtained from each of the 2,694
families include information on annual incomes, housing facilities,
current money expenditures for commodities and services separately
and by groups of items, quantities of commodities purchased, and on
net change in financial position during the year; that is, the amount of
savings made or deficit incurred. They serve to answer many ques­
tions regarding the planes of living of American workers, their actual
and potential demand for the commodities of agriculture, com­
merce, and industry, and the effectiveness of the operation of the
economic system of our nation.
The surveys in the several cities were made in cooperation with
various agencies, whose assistance is hereby gratefully acknowledged.
In Columbus, the study was made in cooperation with the Ohio
State University, Bureau of Business Research, Dr. Viva Boothe,
acting director, and the Ohio Emergency Relief Administration; in
Michigan, with the University of Michigan School of Education,
Dr. A. B. Moehlman, head, and the Michigan Emergency Relief




I X

X

PREFACE

Administration; in Cincinnati, Cleveland, Indianapolis, and Mil­
waukee, with the Works Progress Administrations.
In the final analysis and preparation of this report, special con­
tributions to problems of method were made by Jerome Cornfield,
William S. Shelton, and Samuel E. Cohen. Mary C. Ruark was
responsible for the final tabulations.
I sad o r L u b in ,

M ay 1939.




Com m issioner o f Labor Statistics .

Bulletin 7S[o. 636 of the
United States Bureau o f Labor Statistics

M oney Disbursements o f W ag e Earners and Clerical
W ork ers in Eight Cities in the East N orth Central
Region, 1934-36

Su m m ary
This is a study of the levels at which 2,895 families of employed
wage earners and clerical workers are living in 8 cities in the East
North Central Region: Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Detroit,
Grand Rapids, Indianapolis, Lansing, and Milwaukee. Money in­
comes of these families averaged $1,481. (See pp. 11-16 and 81.) 1
The incomes of the white families studied in the 8 cities averaged
$1,517; the incomes of the Negro families studied in Cincinnati and
Indianapolis, where the Negro population is of considerable importance,
averaged $1,000.
The earnings of the chief earners in all these families averaged
$1,305. Their earnings were supplemented in average families by
earnings of grown children, wife, or other family members, but only to
the amount of $141. (See pp. 13-15 and 82-83.)
As would have been expected in a region where industry is so highly
mechanized, families of semiskilled workers predominated in the sam­
ple, which was chosen to represent a cross section of the wage earner
and clerical group. (See pp. 10, 160, 172.)
The average family in this region spent a total of $1,502, practi­
cally all its income for current family living. The three fundamental
needs, food, clothing and housing together claimed two-thirds of total
family expenditure. Only one-third was left to provide for household
operation, furnishings and equipment, medical care, automobile and
other transportation, recreation, personal care, education, gifts and
taxes and miscellaneous expenditures. (See pp. 9, 55, 56, 66-74,
84-85, 100, 104-106.)
Food alone cost the average family $488. In other words, food took
32 cents out of the average dollar spent to meet the families' current
needs. When actual expenditure for food is compared with the cost of
the Bureau of Home Economics “ adequate diet at minimum cost" it is
found that 79 percent of the white families, and 36 percent of the
Negro families spent enough to secure this diet. (See pp. 46-47, 96.)
1
T h is reference an d th o se g iv e n in su b seq u en t p aragraphs in th is su m m a ry in d ic a te th e p ages w h ere
figures for in d iv id u a l c ities are g iv e n .




1

2

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

Housing expenditures were second in importance, taking a total of
$345, of which $111 represented amounts spent directly for fuel, light,
and refrigeration. This total expenditure for shelter represents 23
cents out of the average dollar. (See pp. 8, 52-54, 84, 98-99.)
Clothing claimed $165 or 11 cents of the dollar. This sum covered
cleaning and shoe repair as well as ready-made clothing for all members
of the family. A negligible amount was spent for materials for home
sewing. The clothing expenditures of women and girls over 18 years
old averaged $58 for the year, and those of men and boys in the same
age group $52. In general the clothing expenditures of women with­
out paid work averaged less than those of employed men of the same
age. (See pp. 9, 57-65, 101-103.)
Of the 34 cents left from the average dollar after food, housing, and
clothing had been paid for, the families studied in the East North
Central Region spent 8 cents for automobile purchase, operation, and
maintenance. The city with the largest proportion of automobile
owners was Grand Rapids where three-quarters of the families inter­
viewed reported that they owned cars. (See pp. 67-68 and 105.)
A comparison of the percentage distribution of expenditures by
families in the wage-earner and clerical groups in 1917-18 and in 1934-36
shows striking changes over the 17-year interval. Some of the differ­
ences are due to changes in price relations. Costs of food, house­
furnishing goods, and clothing were lower at the time of this investiga­
tion than at the end of the war period; costs of fuel and light and
miscellaneous items, higher. Study of the data on actual money ex­
penditures and on prices shows, however, that part of the change in
expenditures is due to changes in consumption habits since the World
War. Marked changes in transportation expenditures have come with
the automobile. There are, in addition, trends toward larger pur­
chases of food, smaller purchases of clothing, and larger current ex­
penditures for housing. (See pp. 75-78.)
Differences between the figures on average family expenditures in
the eight cities covered by this report reflect differences in the income
level of the wage-earner and clerical groups in these communities, in
consumption habits, and in family size and composition, as well as
whatever differences there may be in the price level. They do not
measure differences in living costs as between communities.
The results of this investigation must be distinguished from those
obtained by pricing a hypothetical budget to secure the cost of a
previously defined standard of living.2 The investigators who partici­
pated in the present study were sent, not to stores to price a pre2
S u ch a stu d y has r ecen tly b een co m p leted b y th e W ork s P rogress A d m in istra tio n , D iv isio n of S ocial
R esea rch , in coop eration w ith th e R e ta il P rice D iv isio n of th e B u rea u of L ab or S ta tistic s. In th is su rv ey ,
p rices w ere o b ta in ed in 59 cities cov erin g th e cost of item s of goods an d services n ecessary for a m a in ten a n ce
le v e l an d an em erg en cy le v e l of liv in g for a four-person fa m ily of a m a n u a l w ork er. R e su lts of th is s tu d y are
p u b lish ed in a report of th e W ork s P rogress A d m in istra tio n b y M argaret L o o m is S teck er, e n title d “ In ter­
c ity d ifferen ces in costs o f liv in g in M a rch 1935, for 59 c itie s.” W a sh in g to n , 1937.




SU M M AR Y

3

determined list of goods and services, but to families which were willing
to give the detailed facts concerning their incomes and expenditures.
Some of the data obtained on the goods and services purchased by
workers' families afford a basis for evaluating the adequacy of the living
of the families cooperating in the investigation. A detailed comparison
has not been made, however, between the goods actually purchased by
the families studied, and the goods included in budget estimates of the
amounts needed for maintaining healthful family life.
The families to be interviewed in the investigation were chosen at
random from the lists of employees furnished by employers also chosen
at random. (See appendix D for further details.)
Since the investigation was initiated primarily for the purpose of
obtaining new weights for a cost-of-living index, and the funds for
field work and analysis were limited, the survey was restricted to the
income levels most representative of employed wage earners and
clerical workers.3 No families on relief were included in the investi­
gation.4
The group supplying the material on which this report is based
includes families of all types but not persons living alone. Because of
the limitation of funds, the Nation-wide survey of wage earners and
clerical workers was not enlarged to include a study of the money
disbursements of persons living alone, either as lodgers or as house­
holders.6
In any random sample of the population or of any occupational
group, such as the wage-earner and clerical groups covered by this
report, size of family varies from income level to income level. Since
the averages presented in this report are based upon the actual
expenditures of a random sample of families of the wage-earner and
clerical groups, wherever comparisons are made between the spending
of families at different income levels, these differences in size of family
must be taken into account.
3
T h e im p ortan ce of o b ta in in g d a ta on th e con su m er p u rch ases of higher-salaried clerical w orkers, pro­
fessional w orkers, m an agers an d officials, an d th o se in b u sin ess for th em selv es w a s gen erally recognized at
th e tim e w h en th e stu d y w a s b egu n , b u t th e lim ited fu n d s th en av a ila b le m a d e it necessary to con fin e th is
in v estig a tio n to th e groups for w h ic h th e B u r e a u ’s cost-of-livin g in d ex is com p u ted . L ater, in 1936, th e
B u rea u of L ab or S ta tistic s u n d erto ok a stu d y of con su m er p u rch ases w h ic h covers all eco n om ic grou p s, in
32 d ifferen t cities. F u n d s w ere allo tted to th e project b y th e W orks P rogress A d m in istra tio n . A t th e sa m e
tim e a coo rd in ated stu d y w a s u n d erta k en b y th e B u reau of H o m e E con o m ics in 66 farm cou n ties, in 140
v illa g es, an d in 19 sm a ll cities. B o th of th ese in v estig a tio n s w ere m a d e in cooperation w ith th e N a tio n a l
R esou rces C o m m itte e an d th e C en tral S ta tistica l B o ard . F or th e cities covered , see ap p en d ix B , p . 393.
* N o figures are av a ila b le sh o w in g th e exact n u m b er of fam ilies on relief a t som e tim e d uring th e period
covered b y th e d a ta. F igu res su p p lied b y th e D iv isio n of Social R esearch of th e W ork s Progress A d m in is­
tra tio n m a k e it p o ssib le, h o w ev er, to calcu late for each c ity th e ratio of th e n u m b er of fam ilies of tw o or m ore
on relief in th e m o n th of th e m a x im u m relief load du rin g th e period of th e su rv ey to th e n u m b er of su ch
fam ilies as sh o w n b y th e cen su s of 1930. T h is ratio va ries from 11.9 p ercen t in F ra n k lin C o u n ty , w h ere
C o lu m b u s is loca ted , to 22.2 p ercen t in In g h a m C o u n ty , w h ic h in clu d es L a n sin g. (See ap p en d ix A , p . 392.)
5 T h e stu d y of th e liv in g of sin g le in d iv id u a ls p resen ts a sep arate an d d istin c t p rob lem w h ic h w ill be
cov ered b y th e B u reau a t a later d a te. A t th e req u est of th e E m erg en cy R e lief B oard in P h ila d elp h ia , th e
B u rea u of L abor S ta tistic s u n d erto ok a stu d y of th e in co m es an d m o n e y d isb u rsem en ts of e m p lo y ed w age
earners an d clerical w orkers liv in g as sin g le in d iv id u a ls in th a t c ity in th e yea r 1934-35. T h e resu lts of th a t
investigation w ill be p u b lish ed in a subsequent report,










Part I.— W hite Families

5




Chapter 1
Income Level and M oney Disbursements
Current Expenditures o f Each C ity Group as a Whole 1
The amount and the distribution of current expenditures by the
families of wage earners and lower-salaried clerical workers studied
in each of the eight cities in the East North Central region reflect
differences in their average incomes, as well as differences in the
price levels and in the social customs of the eight communities.
Average current expenditures closely approximated average incomes
in each city. The largest expenditure, $1,642, was found in Cleve­
land, the largest of the eight cities, while the smallest, $1,296, occurred
in Grand Rapids, next to the smallest city. The other cities ranked
the same according to average expenditure and to city size.
In spite of the differences in amounts of average current expenditure
between the city groups studied, their distribution among the various
items composing family living is strikingly similar.
Food.

Food prices declined more between 1923-25 and 1934-36 than the
prices of any other group of items included in the index of the cost of
goods purchased by wage earners and clerical workers. Despite this
fact, expenditure for food continues to hold the central place in the
spending pattern of moderate income families. In all the cities
studied, it accounts for a larger proportion of total current outlay
than any other single item. It was, however, 4 to 6 percent lower than
that found among families with comparable incomes in New York City,
everywhere in the East North Central region except Cincinnati where
it was but slightly lower than the New York average.
Of the eight cities under consideration, the percentage of total
expenditure allotted to food was highest in Cincinnati, averaging
1
T h ro u g h o u t th e rep ort, th e term “ cu rren t ex p e n d itu r es” is u se d to m ea n ex p en d itu res for u ltim a te
con su m er goods, in c lu d in g r e la tiv e ly d u rab le co n su m p tio n good s. In terest on m o n e y b o rrow ed for fa m ily
u se h a s b een in clu d ed in su ch exp en d itu res, b u t sa v in g s an d in v e stm e n ts h a v e n o t. T h e tim e a n d fu n d s
av a ila b le for th e in v estig a tio n h a v e n o t m a d e p o ssib le th e p resen ta tio n of sep arate to ta ls d istin g u ish in g
exp en d itu res for th e m ore slo w ly con su m ed , as d istin g u ish e d from q u ic k ly con su m ed , good s. In d eed , th e
d a ta on d ep recia tio n rates for rela tiv e ly d u rab le con su m er good s are so fra gm en ta ry th a t it w o u ld b e ex­
tre m e ly d ifficu lt to do so. E x p en d itu res for su ch d u rab le good s as au to m o b iles, m ech a n ica l refrigerators,
an d oth er fu rn ish in gs a n d eq u ip m e n t h a v e b een classified w ith ex p en d itu res for food an d carfare an d oth er
q u ic k ly co n su m ed good s as “ cu rren t e x p en d itu res,” w h ile m o n e y sp e n t for p erm an en t im p r o v em e n ts on
o w n ed h o m es an d oth er real e sta te or as p a y m e n t on th e p rin cip al of m ortgag es h a s b een classified as sa v in g s.
T h e to ta l cost of con su m ers’ good s p u rch ased on cred it w a s in c lu d e d in cu rren t exp en d itu res, an d th e
a m o u n t of th e o b lig a tio n s o u tsta n d in g a t th e en d of th e year w a s ta k e n in to a ccou n t w h e n c o m p u tin g ch an g es
in lia b ilitie s ov er th e 12-m onth p eriod .

534 8 5 ”— 40------ 2




7

8

EAST NORTH CENTRAL R IO
EG N

35.8, and lowest in Lansing, 29.3. Expense incurred in eating meals
away from home is an important factor in increasing the total amount
spent for food, and it is significant that the Cincinnati group, with the
highest total food expenditure, also ranked first in the proportionate
outlay for food purchased away from home. The other cities also
maintained the same relative rank in respect to purchases of meals
away from home as that for the percentage of total food expenditure.
Differences in the cost of marketing food in the various cities, and in
the types consumed, account for a large part of the variations in the
amounts spent for food consumed at home.
Housing.

Consistently in all cities, expenditure for housing comes next in
importance to food. Due to the varying proportion of families having
heat and light included in rental payment, accurate comparison from
one group to another can be made only after the expenditures for
housing and for fuel, light, and refrigeration have been combined.
T

able

1.— Expenditures for groups of items, 1 year during the period 1934-36
[W h ite fam ilies of w a g e earners an d clerical w orkers]
Ite m

C in c in ­
n a ti

A v era g e a n n u a l cu rren t ex­
p e n d itu re for all ite m s _____ $1, 519
P ercen ta g e of to ta l a n n u al
cu rren t exp en d itu re for—
A ll ite m s ________ . _ _ 100.0
35.8
F o o d .......... ........................ .........
10.4
C lo th in g --------------------------15.7
H o u sin g --------------------------F u e l, lig h t, an d refriger­
6.0
a tio n ________
_ -O th er h o u seh o ld op era­
tio n ____________ ______ __
3 .3
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip ­
5 .1
m e n t___________ - - A u to m o b ile an d m o to r­
c y c le —p u rch ase, op er­
a tio n , an d m a in te ­
5 .4
n a n c e _________
3 .2
O th er tra n sp o rta tio n ____
1.9
P erso n a l care___________
3 .4
M e d ic a l care______ __ __
R e cr e a tio n ________________
5 .7
E d u c a tio n _____________
.4
V o c a tio n __________________
.5
C o m m u n ity w e lfa re. __
1.2
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s
to persons o u tsid e th e
1.5
eco n om ic fa m ily _______
.5
O ther ite m s ___________ __

C le v e ­
lan d

C o lu m ­ D e tr o it G rand In d ia n ­
bus
R a p id s ap olis

L a n s­
ing

M il­
w a u k ee

$1,642

$1,363

$1,586

$1,296

$1,488

$1,364

$1,563

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

32. 3
11.0
15.7

30.9
10.2
16.4
8.0

30.9
11.5
12.7
9 .4

30.8
11.0
13.0

6.6

3 .5
4 .8

4 .1
4 .8

32.4
11.7
15.2
7 .2
3 .1
4 .0

3.9
4 .4

3.8
5.9

29.3
12. 0
15.0
9.1
4 .5

32.6
10.7
17.5
7.9
3.1
4 .6

7 .6

8.1

2.6
1.8

8 .9

2.2

1.8
2.0

10.0
1.1
2.1

10.0
2.0
2.1

1.6

.1
1.0

1 .7
.3

2.0
.6

4.1
5.4

.6

1.7
3 .8
5.6
.6
.4

4 .2
5 .9

3 .9
5 .0

1.1

1.0

.9

.6
.2
1.8

1.8
.6

1.8

1.6

1.8

.5

.4

.6
.2

.3

.7

8.1

3 .3
5 .4
.7
.3

5.1
9 .3
.7
2.2
4 .0
4 .6
.5

6 .5
2 .5
1.8
4.1
4 .9
.4
.5

1.2

1.3
.4

The proportion of families who occupy one-family detached houses
appears to be closely related to the size of their city. In the smallest,
Lansing, four-fifths of the families lived in them, and the second
largest proportion (almost three-fourths) was found in Grand Rapids,
the second smallest city of the eight studied. In the other six cities,




INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEM
ENTS

9

from 30 percent in Cincinnati to 63 percent in Indianapolis had
dwellings of this type. In all the cities except Columbus and Indian­
apolis, two-family houses were the next most frequently reported type
of residence. Buildings housing three or more families were the
homes of over a fourth of the families in Cincinnati, of about one-fifth
in Cleveland and Detroit, and of 10 percent or less in the remaining
cities. From 2 to 4 percent of the families in each of the eight cities
except Columbus and Indianapolis, where the proportion was about
one-fifth, lived in one-family semidetached or row houses. In all
cities, a fourth or more of the families owned their own homes, and the
rest rented them.2
Clothing .

Clothing expenditure comes third in importance in all the city
groups studied, The average proportion spent for clothes ranged
from 10.2 percent in Columbus to 12.0 in Lansing.
Other items .

Sums paid out for automobile and motorcycle purchase, operation,
and maintenance constitute the fourth largest category of family ex­
penditure everywhere but in Cincinnati, where they ranked fifth.3
Here the proportion of total expenditure allotted to these items was
about 5 percent, moving upward to 10 percent in Grand Rapids and
Indianapolis. These percentages are among the highest found in any
of the cities included in the Nation-wide survey.
The types of expenditure which are classified for purposes of this
study under the heading of “ recreation” ranked fifth in importance in
five cities, fourth in Cincinnati, and sixth in Indianapolis and Lansing.
In the last two cities, recreation expenditures were outdistanced by
those for furnishings and equipment. In the recreation group, there
has been included expenditure for amusement by families of all tastes,
but tobacco and movies constitute the bulk of such outlay in each of
the eight cities.
Between 3 and 4 percent of total expenditure was devoted to medi­
cal care, and about 2 percent to personal care. Education, vocation,
community welfare, and gifts and contributions to persons outside the
families made up the balance of average annual expenditure, which
totaled around $1,300 to $1,350 in Grand Rapids, Columbus, and
Lansing; $1,500 in Indianapolis and Cincinnati; $1,550 in Milwaukee;
$1,600 in Detroit; and $1,650 in Cleveland.
2 F or a d iscu ssio n of th e facilities av a ila b le to th ese fam ilies an d th e ren ta ls p a id , see th e sectio n on h o u sin g
an d h o u sin g facilities, p p . 48 to 55.
3A large p a rt of th is ex p en d itu re w a s p ro b a b ly for recreational p u rp oses, b u t n o a tte m p t w a s m a d e to
secure from th e fam ilies su r v e y ed a n y e stim a te of th e d istrib u tio n of tra n sp o rtation exp en d itu re b e tw e e n
th e v a riou s p u rp oses it served .




10

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REG N
IO

These expenditures are directly related to, and, of course, made
possible by, the money incomes of the families concerned. Before
taking up a more detailed consideration of the purchases, it is neces­
sary to get some understanding of the incomes to be spent.

Family Income
The occupations of the chief earners of the 2,694 white families
cooperating in the investigation in these eight East North Central
cities were as diverse as the types of business and industry which,
together with agriculture and forestry, go to make up the economic
life of the area.
In each city, the families studied included persons working in trade,
transportation, restaurants and hotels, public service, laundries, con­
struction, and manufacturing. No families in which the chief earner
was in domestic service were included, although a family was eligible
for scheduling if subsidiary earners were domestic servants. The
two manufacturing industries which predominated in each of the eight
cities were iron and steel and automobile factories and repair shops,
except in Grand Eapids, where lumber and furniture industries were
first. In general, food and clothing were the next most important,
with printing and publishing, leather, and chemical industries also
prominent.
Families of wage earners predominate in the samples studied in all
eight cities, comprising between 72 and 78 percent in each of the eight
cities. In this group, families of semiskilled wage earners were most
numerous in all cities in this region except Lansing, with those of
skilled wage earners next in order, and those of unskilled wage earn­
ers least numerous. In Lansing, families in which the chief earner
was a skilled wage earner were the most numerous, with those
of semiskilled and unskilled wage earners following in order. (See
table 2.)
T

able

2 . — Occupational classification of chief earners, 1 year during the period
1934-86
[W h ite fam ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]
Ite m

N u m b er o f fam ilies in su r v e y .
N u m b e r o f fam ilies in w h ic h
ch ief earner w as—
S em isk illed w ag e earn er.
S k ille d w a g e earn er______
C lerical w o r k e r .. _________
U n sk ille d w ag e earn er. . .

C in c in ­
n a ti

C le v e ­
la n d

352

490

266

143
81
95
33

205
136
110
39

95
75
70
26

G ran d
R a p id s

In d ia n ­
ap olis

L a n s­
in g

598

194

203

145

446

230
186
138
44

74
52
48

70
53
51
29

44
48
41

100

C o lu m ­ D e tr o it
bus

20

12

M il­
w a u k ee

155
136
55

In a time of full employment, the proportion of unskilled wage
earners would have been somewhat larger. Other reports 4 have
4
F or exa m p le, U rb an W ork ers on R elief,
R esea rch , m on ograp h IV , 1936.




vq I.

I, W ork s P rogress A d m in istra tio n , D iv isio n of Social

INCOM LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEM
E
ENTS

11

shown that such workers have suffered greatly from irregularity of
employment and low earnings in the period since 1929, and that con­
sequently more of them of have been on relief. Since the present study
excluded families below certain levels of employment and income, and
families having been on relief at any time during the year prior to
the interview by the field worker, the proportion of clerical workers
and skilled wage earners is larger than it would have been had the
study been made in 1929.
The bulk of the data for Columbus and the Michigan cities pertains
to a period more than a year after the low points in indexes of both
employment and pay rolls in the manufacturing industries.5 The
data for Cincinnati, Cleveland, Indianapolis, and Milwaukee are for a
period more than 2 years after the low points in these indexes. The
average level of living costs for the entire period to which the data
secured apply as compared with 1923-25 is available for four of these
cities from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' indexes of the cost of goods
purchased by wage earners and clerical workers. Taking average
costs in 1923-25 as 100, the indexes applying to the period covered
in these cities are as follows: Cincinnati 84.9, Cleveland 81.7, Detroit
72.7, and Indianapolis, 79.3. Indexes of food costs are available for
Columbus and Milwaukee. As compared with average costs in
1923-25, food costs in the period covered by the data secured in these
two cities stood at 74.2 and 82.4, respectively.
The occupation of the chief earner was not found to be by any means
the most important factor in determining the family's annual income.6
The number of earners in the family and the number of days each was
employed were quite as significant, if not more so.
The range of money incomes was from $500,7 the lower limit set
by the plan of the investigation, to $7,878, reported by a family drawn
in the random sample in Cincinnati. This family was composed of
8 persons, 6 of whom were employed during the entire year. Average
annual income per earner in this family was thus $1,313. The hus­
band of the family was a mechanic, while one brother and four sisters
of the homemaker, who lived in the same household and pooled their
incomes with those of the husband in the family, were clerical workers.
The highest income covered in the survey in each city was:
Grand Rapids, $2,965; Milwaukee, $3,106; Lansing, $3,220; Indianapolis,
$3,258; Columbus, $3,544; Cleveland, $4,270; and Detroit, $3,857.

In each city, these maximum family incomes were reported by families
in which several persons contributed to the family purse. The aver­
age number of earners in the families having the maximum incomes
5
T h e lo w p o in ts in th e B u r e a u o f L abor S ta tistic s’ in d ex es of e m p lo y m en t an d p a y rolls in m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u stries w ere reach ed in J u ly 1932 an d M a rch 1933, r esp e ctiv e ly .
® S ee p . 373 for d e fin itio n of eco n o m ic fa m ily .
7 N o in co m es b elo w $600 w ere rep orted b y fam ilies stu d ie d in L a n sin g or M ilw a u k ee .




12

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REG N
IO

in the cities other than Cincinnati was 3.14, and such earners had an
average annual income of $1,137. Fifteen of the 22 earners in these
7 families were clerical workers, while the remaining one-third in­
cluded highly skilled wage earners, such as tool makers, etc.
The relationship between family income and number of con­
tributors to the family purse suggested by the foregoing examples is
confirmed by other data from the investigation. Earnings of the
chief earner at the lowest income level (i. e., families receiving from
$500 to $900) averaged between $701 and $790 in the eight cities.
It will be seen from table 3 that the average earnings of the chief
earners as a proportion of total family income decreased consistently
with rise in income level, with the proportion falling substantially
below 80 percent after the $2,100 level has been reached. This
decline was accounted for by the sharp increase in earnings of sub­
sidiary earners among families with larger incomes, as there was no
noticeable change in the proportion of total income coming from all
sources other than earnings at different income levels. The average
number of persons reporting employment at any time during the year
increased from low to high income levels and approached or exceeded
two persons per family for families with incomes over $2,100 in each
of the cities except Lansing, where the number of earners per family
was lower than in any other city covered in the region.
In view of the criteria used in selecting the families for inclusion
in the study (see p. 397), it is not surprising to find that earnings
constituted on the average from 97.3 to 99.4 percent of total family
income in the various communities. Average earnings per family of
all individuals contributing ranged from $1,224 in Grand Rapids to
$1,552 in Cleveland (table 4). Net earnings from boarders and
lodgers varied from $16 in Indianapolis to $41 in Columbus. Income
from all other sources ranged from $14 in Lansing to $41 in Columbus,
the chief other sources being rent, interest and dividends, pensions,
and insurance annuities. Gifts from persons outside the economic
family (chiefly relatives) accounted for an average per family of $2
in Cincinnati and Lansing to $6 in Cleveland, Detroit, and Grand
Rapids. Business losses and expenses not deductible from earnings
specified for the year covered by the schedule, but deducted from the
total family income, average $2 in Detroit, $3 in Milwaukee and in
Columbus, $4 in Cleveland and in Indianapolis, $5 in Grand Rapids,
and $6 in Lansing.




INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS

T able 3. — Sources

13

of family income, at successive income levels, 1 year during the
period 19SJ+-S6
[W h ite fam ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]
C IN C IN N A T I

In com e group

A ll fa m ilies_____________________________
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et in com e of—
$500 to $900__________
$900 to $1,200_______________________
$1,200 to $1,500_____________________
$1,500 to $1,800_____________________
$1,800 to $2,100_____________________
$2,100 to $2,400_____________________
$2,400 to $2,700_____________________
$2,700 an d ov er......................... ...............

N um ber
of
fam ilies

A verage
n et
m oney
in com e i

A verage
n u m b er
of
ga in fu l
w orkers
pe*
fa m ily 2

P ercen ta ge of in com e from —

352
36
73
83
68
48
26
8
10

$1,523
777
1, 043
1, 358
1,630
1, 940
2,265
2,488
3,646

1.41
1.11
1 .2 3
1.31
1.29
1.44
2.1 2
2.00
3.00

83 .8
94.0
94.9
90 .5
88 .5
85.3
70.4
65.1
45 .0

14.4
3 .7
4 .0
8 .2
9 .7
13.6
25.7
31.0
53.4

1.8
2.3
1.1
1.3
1.8
1.1
3.9
3.9
1.6

1.43
1.11
1.33
1.35
1. 35
1.47
1.61
1. 69
2.57
2.56

87.1
96.5
93 .5
91.1
90 .1
8 8 .0
7 9 .2
79.7
68.9
55.6

11.1
2 .8
5 .7
7 .9
8 .1
10.6
16 .0
17.1
29.2
41 .4

1 .8
.7
.8
1.0
1.8
1.4
4 .8
3 .2
1.9
3 .0

1.33
1.15
1.19
1. 35
1.39
1.34
1. 65
2.21

85.9
91.5
90 .8
88 .0
87 .2
86.7
77.3
62.6

11.4
3 .6
7 .4
11.5
12.3
8 .1
20.2
27.9

2 .7
4 .9
1.8
.5
.5
5 .2
2.5
9 .5

1.35
1.33
1.12
1.24
1.21
1.45
1.93
1.77
2.79

88 .2
89.3
96.3
93.1
91.2
88.8
79.8
75.2
57.3

10.1
8 .0
2 .8
4 .9
7.3
10 .2
18.8
19.3
41 .8

1 .7
2 .7
.9
2 .0
1.5
1 .0
1.4
5 .5
.9

E a rn in gs E a rn in gs
of
of
O ther
ch ief su b sid iary sources 4
earner
ea r n e rs3

CLEVELAND
A ll fa m ilie s_____________ _______ __ _
F a m ilies w ith an n u al n et in com e of—
$500 to $900________________________
$900 to $1,200_______________ . .
$1,200 to $1,500____________________
$1,500 to $1,800......................... .............
$1,800 to $2,100_____________________
$2,100 to $2,400____________________
$2,400 to $2,700 _________________
$2,700 to $3,000 _______________
$3,000 an d o v e r _____ __ ___________

490
18
78
124
116
97
28
13
7
9

$1, 611
763
1,064
1, 355
1,637
1, 938
2,238
2, 536
2, 835
3,448

COLUM BUS
A ll fa m ilie s_____________________________
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et in co m e of—
$500 to $900_________________________
$900 to $1,200______________________
$1,200 to $1,500_____________________
$1,500 to $1,800_____________________
$1,800 to $2,100_____________________
$2,100 to $2,400_____________________
$2,400 an d o v er____ _____ ____

266
32
72
64
41
35
13
9

$1,400
770
1, 048
1, 325
1, 631
1, 967
2,177
2,626

D E T R O IT
A ll fa m ilie s. __ _______________________
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et in com e of—
$500 to $900_________________________
$900 t o $1,200_______________________
$1,200 to $1,500_____________________
$1,500 to $1,800_____________________
$1,800 to $2,100_____________________
$2,100 to $2,400_____________________
$2,400 to $2,700_____________________
$2,700 an d over-------------------------------

598
32
96
158
137
100
41
22
12

$1, 571
785
1, 078
1, 343
1,625
1,924
2, 252
2, 477
3,104

1 N e t m o n e y in com e is d efin ed in a p p en d ix A .
2 A g a in fu l w orker is d efin ed as a person h a v in g h a d so m e gain fu l em p lo y m en t in b u sin ess or in d u str y or
d o m e stic service at a n y tim e d u rin g th e year. (S om e fam ilies in clu d ed persons in d o m estic service as su b ­
sid ia ry earners.)
3 In c lu d in g n e t earnings from boarders an d lodgers.
4 L ess b u sin ess losses an d exp en ses n o t d ed u ctib le from earn in gs of th e year covered b y th e sch ed u le.




14
T

able

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
3.— Sources of family income, at successive income levels, 1 year during the

period 1934-36— Continued
G R A N D R A P ID S

In co m e group

A ll fam ilies_____________ ___ _______ _
F a m ilies w ith a n n u al n et in com e of—
$500 to $900_________________________
$900 to $1,200_______________________
$1,200 to $1,500_____________________'
$1,500 to $1,800_____________________
$1,800 to $2,100_____________________
$2,100 an d o v er__________ _____ __ _

P ercen tage of in com e from —

N um ber
of
fam ilies

A verage
net
m oney
in com e

A verage
n u m b er
of
gain fu l
w orkers
per
fa m ily

194
36
62
46
28
17
5

$1,256
767
1,056
1,347
1,597
1,897
2,384

1.36
1.20
1.28
1.38
1.39
1.52
2.82

88.4
93.4
92.8
90.7
86 .6
83.4
59.2

10.4
4 .4
5 .6
7 .9
12.7
16.5
41.0

1.47
1.21
1.33
1.44
1.47
1.34
2.06
1.90
2.00

83.5
94.1
92.6
87.6
90.8
85.6
68.1
60.5
68.6

15.1
9 .1
6.6
12.3
8 .9
12.3
28.5
32.5
31.4

09

1.28
1.19
1.36
1.11
1.25
1.24
1.11

90.9
94.9
93.9
95 .7
91.4
90.9
64.7

8 .5
4 .2
5.4
4 .2
8.7
7.7
34.3

0 .6
.9
.7
.1
(8)
1.4
1.0

1.32
1.14
1.09
1.21
1.32
1.44
2.00
1.78
1.75

88 .2

10.2
2.3
2.7
6.1
8 .0
12.7
29.2
15.3
28.4

1 .6
0
2 .0
.8
1.3
1.7
.8
4 .2
7 .2

E a rn in gs E arn in gs
of
of
O ther
chief
su b sid iary sources
earner
earners

(6)

1 .2
2 .2
1.6
1.4
.7
.1

IN D IA N A P O L IS
A ll fa m ilies_____________________________
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u al n et in co m e of—
$500 to $900____________________
$900 to $1,200_______________________
$1,200 to $1,500_____________________
$1,500 to $1,800_____________________
$1,800 to $2,100_____________________
$2,100 to $2,400_____________________
$2,400 to $2,700_____________________
$2,700 an d over___________ ______

203
19
49
43
32
29
16
10
5

$1, 523
780
1,055
1,337
1,669
1,912
2,239
2.544
3,004

1.4
.8
.1
.3
2.1
3 .4
7 .0
0

L A N S IN G
A ll fa m ilie s_______________ ______ ____
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et in com e of—
$600 to $900 7_______________________
$900 to $1,200_______________________
$1,200 to $1,500_____________________
$1,500 to $1,800_____________________
$1,800 to $2,100_____________________
$2,100 an d ov er___ __ __ ______

145
14
34
37
32
22
6

$1, 395
782
1, 064
1.318
1,592
1,829
2,526

M IL W A U K E E
A ll fa m ilie s_______ __ __ _ ___ _______
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u al n e t in com e of—
$600 to $900 7_______________________
$900 to $1,200_______________________
$1,200 to $1,500_____________________
$1,500 to $1,800_____________________
$1,800 to $2,100_____________________
$2,100 to $2,400_____________________
$2,400 to $2,700_____________________
$2,700 an d o v er____________ _______

446
14
79
114
125
75
22
9
8

$1, 555
809
1,068
1,346
1,640
1,917
2,239
2,557
2,964

6 In c o m e from other sources $16 an d b u sin ess losses $20.
e In co m e from other sources less th a n $0.50 an d b u sin ess losses $25.
7 N o cases of fam ilies receiv in g less th a n $600 occurred in th e sa m p le.
8 In c o m e from other sources $7 an d b u sin ess losses $9.




97.7
95.3
93.1
90 .7
85.6
70.0
80.5
64.4

15

INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS

T able

4.— Items comprising family income, 1 year during the period 1984-36
[W h ite fa m ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]
C in cin ­
n a ti

Ite m
N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y .
A vera g e n e t m o n e y in com e,
to ta l_________________________
A vera g e earn in gs from all
in d iv id u a ls-------------------------N e t earn in gs from boarders
an d lod gers_________________
T o ta l in co m e from all other
so u rces______________________
R e n t, in terest an d d iv i­
d en d s _________ _________
P en sio n s an d in su ran ce
a n n u itie s.
________
G ifts______________________
M iscella n eo u s so u rces___
B u sin ess losses an d exp en ses
(d ed u ct) ___________ __

C le v e ­
lan d

352
$1, 523
1, 468
27
28
9
13
2
4
-0 )

490
$1,611
1, 552
30
33
12
7
6
8
-4

C o lu m ­ D e tr o it
bus

G rand In d ia n ­
M ilw a u ­
R a p id s ap olis L a n sin g
k ee

266

598

194

203

145

446

$1,400
1, 321
41
41
11
9
4
17
-3

$1, 571
1,515

$1,256
1,224

30
28
10
7
6
5
-2

17
20
9
4
6
1
-5

$1, 523
1,486
16
25
5
10
4
6
-4

$1,395
1,357
30
14
9
2
2
1
-6

$1, 555
1,503
27
28
16
8
3
1
-3

1 L ess th a n $0.50.

Fig. I.
SOURCES OF FAMILY INCOME AMONG WAGE EARNERS
AND LOWER-SALARIED CLERICAL WORKERS
AT SUCCESSIVE INCOME LEVELS
M IL W A U K E E , 1 9 3 5 - 1936
WHITE FAMILIES
IN CO M E

HUNDREDS OF DOLLARS

C LA SS

ALL FAMILIES

$600

u o r$900
nE

$900

u d r$1200
ne

$1200 UNDER $1500
$1500 unoer$ I800
$1800 unoer$2IOO
$2100

and

OVER
EARNINGS OF
CHIEF EARNER

INCOME FROM
OTHER SOURCES

U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR.STATISTICS

Net money income per white family studied averaged slightly over
$1,600 in Cleveland, about $1,520 in Cincinnati and Indianapolis,
$1,550 in Detroit and Milwaukee, $1,400 in Columbus and Lansing,




16

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

and $1,256 in Grand Rapids.8 In every city the mean average was
slightly higher than the median, the income level that divides the
families into two equal groups.
The median income in the following cities was:
Grand Rapids____________________________________________ $1,191
Columbus_______________________________________________
1, 300
Lansing__________________________________________________ 1, 318
Cincinnati_______________________________________________
1, 446
1, 517
Detroit__________________________________________________
Cleveland________________________________________________ 1, 560
Milwaukee_______________________________________________ 1, 542

T able 5 . — Family incomes, 1 year during the period

1984—
36

[W h ite fam ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]
C in cin ­
n a ti

C le v e ­
lan d

N u m b e r of fa m ilies in su r v e y _

352

490

266

598

194

203

145

446

N e t m o n e y in com e:
A r ith m e tic m e a n ______
F irst q u a rtile .
M e d ia n _____ _____________
T h ir d q u a rtile-----------------

$1, 523
1,092
1, 446
1,824

$1,611
1, 277
1, 560
1,875

$1,400
1,040
1,300
1,699

$1,-571
1,246
1, 517
1,836

$1,256
975
1,191
1,518

$1, 523
1,100
1, 404
1,844

$1,395
1,090
1,318
1, 612

$1,555
1, 273
1, 542
1,802

Ite m

C o lu m ­ D e tr o it
bus

G rand In d ia n ­
M ilw a u ­
R a p id s ap olis L a n sin g kee

Distribution of Expenditures at Successive Income Levels

As incomes increase, certain expenditure items also show a tendency
to increase, while others remain constant or decrease in relative import­
ance. The percentages spent for food, and for housing combined with
fuel, light, and refrigeration, generally declined, although this move­
ment at the upper income levels was irregular because of the larger
families there. (It will be remembered that it is increases in the
number of earners in the family which are responsible for many of the
higher incomes.) The percentage spent for clothing, transportation,
and gifts to persons outside the economic family increases as incomes
rise. The tendency noted in cities in other regions for the percentage
of total expenditures allotted to personal care to remain constant at
about 2 percent regardless of income is well defined in three cities,
but such percentages tended to increase in Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colum­
bus, and Indianapolis, and to decline in Lansing.
8
T o ascertain w h eth er th ese differen ces from c ity to c ity rep resen ted o n ly th e ch an ce d ifferen ces in h eren t
in ran d o m sa m p lin g or w h eth er th e y rev ealed actu al differences b e tw e e n in co m e le v e ls of all w ork ers in th e
resp ectiv e cities, a sta tistica l te st w a s con d u cted . R . A . F ish er’s m eth o d for th e a n a ly sis of va rian ce as
ex em p lified in in traclass correlation (d iscu ssed on p p . 210 an d 211 of h is S ta tistic a l M e th o d s for R esearch
W orkers, fifth ed ., L o n d o n , 1934) w a s u sed to te st w h eth er th e m ea n in com es ob ta in ed in th e several c ities
differed m ore th a n cou ld b e exp ected if su ccessiv e sa m p les h a d b een d raw n a t ran d o m from th e sa m e p o p u la ­
tio n . It w a s sh o w n th a t d ifferen ces b e tw e e n in co m e ranges fou n d a m o n g th e w ag e earners an d clerical
w orkers ch osen a t ran d om for th e su r v e y in th e d ifferen t cities w ere great en ou g h to im p ly a sta tistic a lly
sig n ifica n t difference b e tw e e n th em . T h e average in co m e is in flu en ced in all c ities b y a sca tterin g of th e
h ig h er in com es.




INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS

17

Household operation expenditure (other than for fuel, light, and
refrigeration) as a percentage of the total tended to increase with rise
in income level, but the movement was not always regular. In
Lansing and Milwaukee, increases in income were followed by larger
percentage expenditures for furnishings and equipment, but the corre­
lation between income changes and the percent of total expenditure for
these items in the other six cities is negligible.
Of the two remaining groups of expenditures for the personal needs
of the family, the percentages given to recreation tended, in general,
to increase as higher income levels were achieved, although the move­
ment was not consistent in all levels and cities. Medical care expendi­
tures were extremely irregular in relation to changes in income, for
money seemed a less important factor than family size and composition
or exposure to illness.
The particular circumstances of a given family, its tastes and habits,
its experience with unexpected illnesses or other unusual crises, all
may contribute to explain differences in its expenditures in a particular
year from those of another family in the same city, even if they are of
the same size and have the same incomes. In small samples, the
experience of individual families tends at times to produce erratic
movements. Thus, for example, in Grand Rapids the proportion of
total expenditures going to transportation generally increased from
low to high income levels, but at the $1,200 to $1,500 level the per­
centage was distinctly smaller than at the next lower level.
Similar irregularity in the movement of the percentage of total
expenditures going to such items as recreation, furnishings and equip­
ment, and contributions to community welfare were noted in many
cities. At the highest incomes, where the sample is smallest, there
were irregularities even in the movement of the percentage of total
expenditures going for food and housing.
The general pattern of expenditure emerges more clearly if the
data are portrayed without regard to these fluctuations that may be
due entirely to the fact that only a small proportion of the workers in
the city could be surveyed.
The pattern is best revealed by curves that cut through these acci­
dental variations and that approximate the results which would prob­
ably have been obtained had it been possible to schedule every family
in the employed wage-earner and clerical worker groups. Such an
estimate for Detroit is presented in figures 2 and 3.
The scale used in figure 2 in graphing patterns of family expenditure
was chosen to show the absolute importance of the different items
included in the family budget. It shows the concentration of family
funds in expenditures for food, housing, clothing, and transportation.
The cluster of lines at the bottom of the chart make clear the rela­
tively small sums available for other expenditures after these four




18

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

Fig. 2

PATTERNS OF FAMILY EXPENDITURES AT SUCCESSIVE
INCOME LEVELS AMONG WAGE EARNERS AND
LOWER-SALARIED CLERICAL WORKERS
DETROIT, 1934-1935
WHITE FAMILIES

annual

ANNUAL
EXPENDITURE

EXPENDITURE

(in D ollars)

A n D o lla rs )

800

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

0
90 0

1200

1500

1800

2100

ANNUAL INCOME IN DOLLARS
U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




2400

27 00

3000

19

INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBUBSEMENTS

Fig. 3

RELATIVE FAMILY EXPENDITURES AT SUCCESSIVE
INCOME LEVELS AMONG WAGE EARNERS AND
LOWER SALARIED CLERICAL WORKERS
DETROIT, 1934-1935
ANNUAL EXPENDITURE

(In D o tla rs )

WHITE FAMILIES

ANNUAL EXPENDITURE

( i n D o lla r s )

IOOO

900
800
700
600
500
400
300

200

100

90
80
70
60
50
40
30

20

10

9
8
7
6
5
ANNUAL INCOME IN OOLLARS
The slopes o f the lines show the percent increase in expenditure corresponding to the percent Increase in income. A
slope greater than th a t o f a 4 5 degree tine represents a gain o f the specified kind o f expenditure re la tive ly
greater than the gain in income-, a slope less than th a t o f a 4 5 degree line represents a gain relatively smaller.

U .S . BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




20

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

items 9 are taken care of. It emphasizes the difficulties which families
in this group encounter when they meet unexpected emergencies,
and the limited margin with which they buy those commodities and
services so important in adding variety to urban life.
The difference in the relative change from one income level to
another in expenditures for goods of different kinds is best illustrated
by the logarithmic scale of figure 3. The curve of housing expenditure
is the most striking of the series. The marked difference between the
average amount spent for housing, fuel, light, and refrigeration by the
group with incomes from $600 to $900, and by the next higher income
group, emphasizes the urgency of the demand for better housing than
that secured at the lowest income level for which we have data.
Beyond the $900 to $1,200 group, the rate of increase in the expendi­
ture for housing is not as great as the relative increase in expenditure
for food. Other studies have shown that among families of the same
size, the tendencies in expenditures for food and housing are more
nearly alike. The fact that the larger incomes in the wage-earner
and clerical groups are, as a rule, due to an increase in the number of
workers in the family, inevitably affects the pattern of expenditures
for the entire group at the successive income levels.
Figures presented in table 6 show the irregularity of the increases
in food expenditure per adult male equivalent with rise in family
income. These figures and the curves in figures 2 and 3 serve to
emphasize the fact that, due to the urgency of the wants which go
unsatisfied at the lower income levels, expenditures for food and
housing in the wage-earner and clerical groups seldom rise above the
level they regard as a satisfactory minimum (taking size and composi­
tion of family into account), while in many cases they fail to reach
that minimum.
In the larger families at the higher income levels, there is especially
a tendency to let increases in purchases of other types take precedence
over those for housing expenditures. The urgency of expenditures
for clothing is easily understood, not only because there are more
workers at the higher income levels, but also because clothing has
been found to be one of the most elastic items in the budget within
the income ranges covered in this investigation.
The expansion of expenditures for transportation reflects one of the
most prevalent interests in American life. The relative change in
this outlay shown by the data from the Detroit families is very similar
to that for clothing after the $900 income level is reached. This
9
I t is recogn ized , of course, th a t, p a rticu la rly at th e h igh er in com e le v e ls, th e n ecessito u s ch aracter of
ev e r y ex p en d itu re classified u n d er th ese h ead in g s is n o t a b so lu te ly clear. T h u s c lo th in g m u st m e et certain
req u irem en ts of sty le , food is served in w a y s p leasin g to th e ey e , an d h o u sin g ex p en d itu re m a y in clu d e a
p o rtio n w h ic h rep resen ts th e exp en se for lo ca tio n in a good n eigh b o rh oo d . L ik ew ise oth er ite m s of exp en d i­
tu re are n o t a lw a y s clearly op tion al; th u s th e exp en se of streetcar fares or au to m o b ile tra n sp o rta tio n to
w ork m u st b e m e t, an d exp en d itu res for em erg en cy m ed ical care an d for taxes can n o t be a v o id e d .




INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS

21

relationship is characteristic of the groups studied in the large
cities of the East. In the Pacific coast groups and in certain others,
transportation expenditures increase relatively more rapidly than
that shown by the Detroit figures, and at the upper income levels
they equal or exceed family expenditures for clothing.
The relative increase in expenditures for furniture and other house­
hold equipment, and for gifts and contributions to individuals, illus­
trate the extent to which families below the $1,200 income level in a
large city like Detroit are obliged to economize on such items.
Variations in money disbursements.

For many reasons of taste, habit, or circumstances peculiar to a
given year or a given family situation, the expenditures of a particular
family for a certain item or group of items may deviate considerably
from the average for a large group of families. Thus a family which
experienced a serious illness of the principal earner might be obliged
to incur medical and perhaps hospital expenses, and possibly to defer
purchases of clothing and recreational items and payments on back
debts; a family with a gifted child might make considerable sacrifices
of clothing, transportation, and even food in order to provide special
lessons in the hope of an artistic career for the child; the young couple
recently married will probably spend much more for furniture and
equipment than an older couple with the same income; a family with
dependent relatives must make much larger contributions to persons
outside the economic family than one whose relatives are more fortu­
nately situated.
In interpreting the average figures presented in this volume, it is
important to keep in mind some idea of the extent of these variations
from the average, and their magnitude for the different main categories
of expenditure.
Because of differences of family income and size, as well as for the
reasons cited, the average expenditure of all families covered has only
a limited significance. This is more true for certain categories of ex­
penditures, where purchases tend to be relatively infrequent and of
large magnitude when they do occur, than for other categories. Data
presented in table 24A of the Tabular Summary show the extent to
which the expenditures of individual families vary from the average
in each city.
Though the measures of variation 1 are not identical from city to
0
city for given categories of expenditure, they are sufficiently similar to
reveal distinct patterns of variation for different types of expendi1
0
T h e m easu re of v a riation u sed , th e coefficien t of v a ria tio n , expresses th e d isp ersio n a b o u t th e average of
th e in d iv id u a l item s w h ic h go to m a k e u p th e average. T h e m easu re is in p ercen tag e term s, i. e ., is in d e ­
p e n d e n t of th e size of th e average. F or fuller sta tem e n t see ap p en d ix A , n o te on ta b le s 24A an d 24 B , p . 389.
In th e tex tu a l d iscu ssion , th e term s v a riation , m easu re of va ria tio n , degree of va ria tio n , v a r ia b ility , e tc .,
sh o u ld b e u n d erstood a lw a y s to refer to coefficien ts of v a riation as set forth in ta b les 24A an d 24B of th e
T a b u lar S u m m a ry .




22

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

tures. There is relatively less variation in food and housing expendi
tures than in any other item of the family budget. The next group of
items— clothing, personal care, recreation, and household operation
other than fuel, light, and refrigeration— are definitely more variable.
Relatively the greatest variability, three or more times as much as for
food expenditures, occurs in expenditures for furnishings and equip­
ment, transportation, gifts and contributions, and miscellaneous items.
The variability in savings and in deficits, for families ending the year
in such positions respectively, ranks along with transportation and
other items in the third most variable group of expenditure items.
The very listing of the above groups of items suggests the probable
reasons for the striking differences in variability for certain categories.
Food and housing, major items in the family budget, must be purchased
regularly by all families, and, within the income and occupational
range of this study, extremely wide variations are not to be expected.
At the opposite extreme, many items of furnishings and equipment
are purchased by relatively few families in any one year and such out­
lays when made involve comparatively heavy expenditures. The
great irregularity in transportation expenditures is due in large part to
the material differences in such expenditures of families with and
without automobiles. Medical care expenditures reflect differences
in emergency situations encountered during the year by individual
families.
Even at the same income level, it is hardly to be expected that any
two families will spend their funds in exactly the same way. The
significance of the various averages presented— the extent to which
families tend to conform to the average pattern— is shown by income
levels for the city of Buffalo in table 24B of the Tabular Summary.1
1
For almost every category of expenditure there is less variation in the
expenditures of families in any given income class than there is in the
expenditures of the city group as a whole.
There is a tendency for the variation in expenditures to be less at the
high income levels than at the low 1 for furnishings and equipment,
2
transportation, and medical care. The same is somewhat less strik­
ingly true for clothing. On the other hand, there is no clearly dis­
cernible direction of change in variability in expenditures for personal
care, housing, household operation, recreation, gifts and contribu­
tions, surplus, or deficit at higher income levels, while in that for food
there was a distinct rise.
1 M easu res of va ria tio n for fam ilies o f sep ara te ty p e s, b y in co m e le v e l, w ere co m p u te d for fam ilies stu d ie d
1
in N e w Y ork C ity . (S ee B . L . S . B u ll. 637, v o l. I, T a b u lar S u m m a ry , ta b le 24.) F u n d s w ere n o t av a ila b le
for sim ila r c o m p u ta tio n s for o th er region s.
1 In p art, th is is d u e to th e fact th a t th e in co m e b a n d s are p ro p o rtio n a tely w id er a t th e low er le v e ls.
2
T h u s, a $2,400 in co m e is 13 p ercen t h ig h er th a n a $2,100 in com e, w h ile a $1,200 in co m e is 33 p ercen t h ig h er th a n
on e o f $900. It follow s, e v e n if v a ria tio n s in ex p en d itu res for fu rn ish in g s w ere e x c lu siv e ly d u e to d ifferen ces
in in co m e, th a t in term s o f p ercen tag e th ere w o u ld b e less va ria tio n in fu rn ish in gs exp en d itu res a m o n g fam i­
lie s of $2,100 to $2,400 th a n am o n g th o se o f $900 to $1,200.




INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS

23

These tendencies agree in general with those found in cities in other
regions for which variations in expenditures by income level were
computed. When the findings for seven cities in different regions are
compared, it is found that there was a significant decrease in varia­
bility at higher income levels in expenditures for clothing, furnishings
and equipment, and medical care.
(See appendix A, notes on
table 24B.)
The higher relative variations in expenditures for several categories
at the lower income levels suggests the close pressure of these narrow
margins of family income. For a low-income family, an emergency
or unusual expenditure for medical care, furnishings, or automobile
was apt to mean a sharp corresponding trimming in the others, so that
individual families studied spent anywhere from zero to rather large
amounts for some of these items. Their incomes were not large
enough to permit them to allocate their resources regularly from year
to year in about the same proportions for these various family re­
quirements, but rather they stretched their dollars as best they might.
For the higher-income families, on the contrary, the smaller relative
variability in several categories of expenditures indicates that it was
possible for these families to work out a more consistent pattern of
expenditure. Such drastic rearrangements in their budgets were not
required even though an emergency expenditure arose. They were
more nearly able to plan regular replacements of items of clothing and
furnishings, to make regular as well as emergency expenditures for
medical care, and to plan definite expenditure for personal care.
Income Levels and Planes of Living
Size and composition o f fam ily.

The terms “ level of living” and “ plane of living” have been used to
describe the actual economic status of the families studied. This
actual way of living is distinguished from their “ standard of living,”
the type of living which they regard as normal and proper, or from
a “ norm of living” established by a group or an agency as adequate or
suitable for certain purposes. The term “ standard of living” is some­
times used to mean not only the manner of living regarded as proper
and suitable by the families themselves, but that recommended by a
group or an agency; it is further used to mean the way families actually
are living. This triple usage has been found to be confusing, and on
that account the use of the term “ standard of living” in this publica­
tion is restricted to its primary meaning as a standard. “ Planes of
living,” the subject of this report, have been distinguished both from
standards of the families themselves and from norms or budgets set
by agencies or groups.
The amount of family income and the number of persons in the
family are both of importance in determining the way the family in5 3 4 8 5 °— 40------ 3




24

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

come is spent. It is essential to understand the family types which
predominate at each income level among the groups studied. The
average size of white families drawn in the sample in each of the eight
cities varies from 3.33 persons in Columbus to 3.66 persons in Detroit.1
3
If the investigation had been extended to families on relief, the aver­
age size of family would have been somewhat larger in all the cities.1
4
Fig 4

S IZ E OF FAMILY AMONG WAGE EARNERS
AND LOWER-SALARIED CLERICAL WORKERS
AT SUCCESSIVE INCOME LEVELS
COLUMBUS, 1934- 1935
WHITE FAMILIES
IN C O M E C L A S S

0

NUMBER OF PERSONS

2

3

4

5

ALL FAMILIES

$600

UNO?*

$900

$900

UNDER

$1200

$1200 UNDER $1500
$1500 UNOER $1800
$1800 uS S $2100
Sr
$2100

and

OVER

U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

In each of the eight samples, the average size of family in the group
with incomes under $900 was less than for the sample as a whole.
A comparison of the smaller size of families found at the lowest
income level covered in the present investigation with the larger size of
the families on the relief rolls emphasizes the difficulty of supporting a
family with several children in a period when opportunities for
employment are limited.
13
F or each of th e e ig h t cities, d a ta are a v a ila b le in th e 1930 cen su s w h ic h m a k e it p o ssib le to ca lcu la te th e
•m ed ia n size of w h ite fa m ilies of tw o or m ore p erson s in each c ity on th a t d a te. In se v e n of th e e ig h t cities,
size of fa m ily in th e sa m p le su r v e y w a s slig h tly larger th a n th e cen su s m ed ia n , an d in on e, i. e ., C le v e la n d ,
s lig h tly sm a ller. T h e m ed ia n size of fam ilies of tw o or m ore p erson s as g iv e n b y th e cen su s are as follow s:
C in c in n a ti, 3.23; C lev ela n d , 3.61; C o lu m b u s, 3.22; D e tr o it, 3.55; G rand R a p id s, 3.39; In d ia n a p o lis, 3.21;
L a n sin g , 3.29; an d M ilw a u k ee, 3.48.
u T h e average size of fam ilies of tw o or m ore persons on th e relief rolls in th ese c itie s in th e m o n th w h en
relief w a s a t th e m a x im u m va ried from 3.9 in C u ya h og a C o u n ty , in w h ich C lev ela n d is situ a te d , to 4.4 in
H a m ilto n C o u n ty , in w h ic h C in cin n a ti is loca ted , an d in In g h a m C o u n ty , in w h ic h L a n sin g is lo ca ted .
(S ee a p p en d ix A , p . 392.)




INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS

25

When families are sorted by family income, the number of persons
over 16 years of age tends to rise with increases in the total income.
Figure 4 illustrates the situation which is characteristic of all the
groups studied in the East North Central region by presenting data
on the size of family at different income levels in Columbus, and the
tendency toward increase in the number of persons 16 years of age and
over with increases in income. The change in the number of children
under 16 years of age with increase in income of the family is less
regular. For each of the eight cities except Grand Rapids and Lansing,
the number of children per family rises with increase in income to a
maximum of slightly more than one child at the $1,800 to $2,100 group
and then tapers off. In Grand Rapids and in Lansing, an average of
one and a half children per family is reached at the $1,200 to $1,500
income group and then the average declines.
Planes o f living determ ined by fam ily size as well as income.

Preliminary study of the variations in the amounts and kinds of
goods purchased by families in different income classes emphasizes
the obvious fact that the plane at which a family lives is determined
quite as much by the number, age, sex, and occupation of the persons
dependent on family income as by its amount. Since average size of
family is larger at the higher income levels, it is impossible to assume
that the plane at which the families are living is proportionate to
income. An examination of the types of families represented at each
income level makes it evident that within any one group there are
included some with very different planes of living, the differences
depending on the composition of the family to be supported with the
given income.
For example, among the 490 families surveyed in Cleveland, there
were 116 with incomes ranging from $1,500 to $1,800. Of these, 30
were families of husband and wife only; 27 of husband, wife, and 1
child under 16 years of age; 6 including husband and wife and 1 person
16 years of age or older; and 2 families of other types including 2 or
3 persons; making a total of 65 families with not more than 3 persons
living in relative comfort at this income level. In the same income
class there were 51 families of 4 or more persons in which expenditures
were definitely more restricted, depending on the number and the age
of the persons in the family, and in which the plane of living was
necessarily considerably lower than that of the families with only 3
members.




26
T

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

able

6 . —Average unit expenditure at successive income levels, 1 year during the
period 1984-36
[W h ite fam ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]

In co m e class

A verage A verage A v erage A verage A verage
a o nt
N u m b e r fasize ofin to ta l ex­ u n it food u n it c lo th ­ spmn tufor
ily
e
of fam ilies exm en d i­ p en d itu re ex p en d i­
in g ex­ oth er item s
p
p en d itu re per person
tu re
tu re u n its per fa m ily

A verage
am ount
sp e n t for
all ite m s
per ex­
p en d itu re
u n it

C IN C IN N A T I
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u a l n e t
in co m e of—
$500 to $900___________
$900 to $1,200_________
$1,200 to $1,500_______
$1,500 to $1,800_______
$1,800 t o $2,100_______
$2,100 to $2,400_______
$2,400 to $2,700_______
$2,700 an d o v e r _____

36
73
83
68
48
26
8
10

2. 47
2. 72
2.9 8
3. 07
3. 58
3. 41
4. 31
4. 97

$901
1,065
1,360
1, 656
1,894
2,096
2,339
3,488

$147
166
184
196
194
234
195
233

$37
41
48
62
70
70
67
113

$180
182
218
278
265
311
284
357

$365
392
456
539
529
615
543
702

$122
167
171
181
192
181
253
192
264

$34
46
57
64
74
78
89
98
102

$164
205
234
266
313
285
515
339
425

$320
420
462
517
583
542
867
633
796

$123
132
138
153
156
182
177

$28
38
51
63
66
72
92

$169
214
221
306
258
281
366

$321
38 4
412
522
48C
567
59C

$129
141
150
167
182
181
209
193

$36
42
54
67
83
85
96
106

$156
183
209
249
309
294
328
366

$322
370
414
481
577
562
634
668

$122
119
134
150
154
151

$35
45
55
71
76
84

$168
185
187
293
299
322

$327
352
378
515
537
562

CLEVELAND
F a m ilies w ith a n n u a l n et
in co m e of—
$500 to $900___________
$900 to $1,200 ________
$1,200 to $1,500_______
$1,500 to $1,800_______
$1,800 to $2,100_______
$2,100 to $2,400_______
$2,400 to $2,700_______
$2,700 to $3,000_______
$3,000 an d o v e r ________

18
78
124
116
97
28
13
7
9

2. 83
2. 72
3.11
3.15
3. 30
4.05
3.06
4.52
4.02

$905
1,143
1,438
1,628
1,925
2,194
2, 654
2,863
3,199

COLUM BUS
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et
in co m e of—
$500 to $900___________
$900 to $1,200_________
$1,200 to $1,500_______
$1,500 to $1,800_______
$1,800 to $2,100_______
$2,100 to $2,400_______
$2,400 a n d o v er_______

32
72
64
41
35
13
9

2.58
2.83
3.19
3. 08
3.55
3. 73
3.88

$829
1,086
1,315
1,608
1,705
2,115
2,291

D E T R O IT
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u a l n et
in co m e of—
$500 to $900___________
$900 to $1,200_________
$1,200 to $1,500_______
$1,500 to $1,800_______
$1,800 to $2,100_______
$2,100 to $2,400_______
$2,400 to $2,700_______
$2,700 a n d o v er_______

32
96
158
137
100
41
22
12

3.0 2
3.13
3. 38
3. 37
3. 33
3. 83
3. 51
4. 34

$973
1,159
1,398
1, 622
1,921
2,152
2,227
2,899

G R A N D R A P ID S
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et
in co m e of—
$500 to $900___________
$900 to $1,200_________
$1,200 to $1,500_______
$1,500 to $1,800_______
$1,800 to $2,100_______
$2,100 an d ov er_______




36
62
46
28
17
5

2.74
3. 22
3. 60
3. 04
3. 39
4. 02

$896
1,135
1,362
1,566
1,822
2,258

IN C O M E L E V E L A N D

MONEY

27

D ISB U R SE M E N T S

T a ble 6.-—Average unit expenditure at successive income levels, 1 year during the

period 1984-36— Continued

In co m e class

A verage A verage A verage A v erage A v erage
size o f
a o nt
N um ber
to ta l ex­ u n it food u n it c lo th ­ spmn tu for
ily
e
in g ex­ oth er item s
o f fam ilies fa m en din p en d itu re ex p en d i­
ex p i­ per fa m ily
tu re
p en d itu re per p erson
tu re u n its

A verage
am ount
sp e n t for
a ll item s
per ex­
p en d itu re
u n it

IN D IA N A P O L IS
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et
in co m e of—
$500 to $900___________
$900 to $1,200_______
$1,200 to $1,500_______
$1,500 to $1,800_______
$1,800 to $2,100_______
$2,100 an d o v er_______

19
49
43
32
29
31

2.33
3. 20
3. 20
3. 09
3. 47
3. 35

$798
1,050
1, 370
1,647
1,860
2,259

$125
123
150
173
171
187

$31
38
48
68
76
85

$183
164
228
292
287
393

$342
328
428
533
536
674

$123
122
121
150
190
165

$37
42
55
64
108
107

$184
168
203
263
387
364

$343
333
379
480
690
639

$153
144
167
178
174
178
173
,244

$30
38
53
64
71
71
88
137

$213
176
229
266
283
254
338
600

$398
359
451
510
534
505
604
988

L A N S IN G
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u al n et
in co m e of—
$600 to $900___________
$900 to $1,200_________
$1,200 to $1,500_______
$1,500 to $1,800_______
$1,800 to $2,100_______
$2,100 an d over _____

14
34
37
32
22
6

2. 32
3. 20
3. 56
3.01
2. 60
3.77

$796
1,067
1,348
1, 446
1,795
2, 410

M IL W A U K E E
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u al n et
in com e of—
$600 to $900___________
$900 to $1,200_________
$1,200 to $1,500_______
$1,500 to $1,800_______
$1,800 to $2,100_______
$2,100 to $2,400_______
$2,400 to $2,700_______
$2,700 an d o v e r . _____

14
79
114
125
75
22
9
8

2.25
3.01
3. 08
3. 25
3. 53
4. 28
4. 20
2. 75

$895
1,081
1,390
1, 659
1,886
2,161
2, 537
2,716

Since one of the primary purposes of the investigation was to
determine the kind of living available to families at different economic
levels, the detailed analysis of expenditures has been based upon a
classification which takes into account not only the total amount of
money available for family living, but also the composition of the
family for which it is spent. The process of classifying families accord­
ing to their economic level may be indicated from the case of two
families, each spending $1,450 during the schedule year. The first
family consisted of a man of 40 working as a machine operator; his
wife, 38; two sons, aged 15 and 6; and two daughters, aged 12 and 8.
In addition, the family was responsible during 6 months for the total
support of the wife’s mother, who lived with them during half the
year. This family is regarded as consisting of 6% full-time equivalent
persons. The second family consists of a man of 27, also a machine
operator; his wife, 26; a daughter of 4 years, and an infant son 1y2
years old. This is a 4-person family. The first family spent $725
and the smaller family $780 for all items other than food and clothing.




28

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

There is not enough information at present available on the influence
of age or sex on these general types of expenditure to improve upon
the assumption that equal expenditures are incurred for each member
of the family. The expenditure per full-time equivalent person in the
first family was $112 as against $195 in the second family for all items
other than food and clothing. In the case of food, studies of custom­
ary expenditures and of dietary needs have been made in sufficient
detail to allow for the creation of scales of expenditure for each age,
sex, and activity group in terms of the customary expenditures
of an adult male employed full time. The scales adopted in this
study indicates that the first family consists of the equivalent of 5.5
adult males in the family for the full year. This unit will be sub­
sequently referred to in the present study as a “ food-expenditure
unit.” The second family consists of 2.9 food-expenditure units.
The first family spent $580 per year for food, or the equivalent of
$105 per expenditure unit. The second family spent $500, which,
although a substantially smaller proportion of its total income,
amounted to $172 per food-expenditure unit.
Finally, in connection with clothing, it has been possible as a
result of this study to derive scales of customary expenditures related
to sex, age, and occupation. If the average expenditures of adult
male wage earners and lower-salaried clerical workers between the
ages of 21 and 35, inclusive, are regarded as equivalent to one clothingexpenditure unit, it has been found that the larger of the two families
contains 4.0 clothing-expenditure units, while the smaller family
contains 2.6. The first family spent $145 for clothing and the smaller
family, $170. This is an average per clothing-expenditure unit of
$36 for the first family and $65 for the second. The economic level
of the first family has been measured by the sum of these three types
of unit expenditure: $105 for food; $36 for clothing; and $112 for all
other items: total for the family, $253 per expenditure unit. The
smaller family which, it will be recalled, had an identical income to
spend, has not been classified with the larger family, but rather with
other families that had a unit expenditure of more than $400, but
less than $500. In both cases, this means that these particular families
are grouped as regards economic level with families whose incomes
may be quite different. For example, a widow with one young child,
earning $100 a month, would be grouped with the smaller of the two
families, as would also a very large family with an income of more
than $3,000.
Since family income is so closely related to family composition, it is
important that expenditures be analyzed in relation to number of
expenditure units. This will be more clearly seen from table 6, which
presents data on unit expenditure at each income level for the white




INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS

29

families studied in the investigation. The average family expenditure
at the highest income level shown was almost three times that at the
lowest level, but the unit expenditure at the highest income level was
only about twice the amount at the lowest.
In subsequent discussions in this bulletin, expenditures will be
analyzed by economic level. (See appendix G, p. 431.) Economic
levels are distinguished in as many intervals for each city as the
number of cases and type of data would allow.
Equivalence between total expenditures and economic levels.

Since most discussions of expenditure have been based upon differ­
ences in expenditure at various income levels, it may be convenient to
translate the economic levels under discussion into equivalent total
annual expenditures for the two families described above. On the
basis of the scales used in this study, the first family is regarded as
consisting of 5.73 or 5.7 expenditure units, while the second family
consists of 3.36 or approximately 3.4. The $200 to $300 economic
level for the first family implies total annual expenditures, then, of
$1,425, and the $650 level for the same family, total expenditures of
$3,705. The equivalence is shown in table 7.
T able

7.— Total expenditure of families of different size at given economic levels

E co n o m ic lev el — F am ilies w ith an n u al u n it exp en d itu re of—

$150— _______ ___ ________________________________________________
$250 ___ __________________________________ __________________
$350— ___
_________________________________________________
$450—
. _ __ _____________________ ________________________
$550________ _______ ________________________ — __ - _____
$650____________________________________________________________________

F a m ily of
itu re
u n its 1

F a m ily of
itu re
u n its 2

$855
1,425
1,995
2,565
3,135
3, 705

$510
850
1,190
1,530
1,870

F a m ily of
itu re
u n its 3

5.7 exp en d ­ 3.4 ex p en d ­ 1.9 ex p en d ­

2,210

$285
475
665
855
1,045
1,235

1 F a m ily c o n siste d o f a m a n , 40, w o r k in g as a m a ch in e op erator; h is w ife , 38; 2 so n s aged 15 an d 6, an d 2
d a u g h ters aged 12 a n d 8.
2 F a m ily co n siste d o f a m a n , 27, w o rk in g as a m a ch in e op erator; h is w ife, 26; a d au gh ter 4 y ea rs old ; an
in fa n t so n , m y ea rs o ld .
3 F a m ily co n siste d of a m a n , 35, w o rk in g as a m a ch in e op erator; an d h is w ife, 31.

Order of Expenditures at Different Economic Levels

At the lower expenditure levels there are a certain number of small
families with very low incomes, but more large families with incomes
approaching the median. Families of these two different types are
nearer together as far as spending patterns are concerned than two
families with the same money income, one of husband and wife and
no other persons, and the other including in addition several children.
Differences between the average expenditure patterns of families at
the lowest and highest economic levels may be illustrated by data from
the group studied in Cleveland. (See fig. 5.)




EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

30
Fig 5

DISTRIBUTION OF FAMILY EXPENDITURES OF WAGE
EARNERS AND LOWER-SALARIED CLERICAL WORKERS
AT TWO DIFFERENT ECONOMIC LEVELS
CLEVELAND, 1935- 1936
WHITE FAMILIES
ITEM

U S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




PERCENT OF TOTAL EXPENDITURE

31

INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS

There were 35 families at the lowest of the spending levels analyzed,
and they averaged 5.50 persons. Their incomes averaged $1,232.
They devoted almost 42 percent of their total outlay to food, and al­
most 25 percent to housing, fuel, light, and refrigeration, having thus
only one-third of the total left for other items of household operation,
clothing, transportation, recreation, medical care, personal care, and
other items which must be purchased in an American city.
T a b l e 8 . — Average

unit expenditure at successive economic levels, 1 year during the
period 1934-36
[W h ite fa m ilies o f w a g e earners an d clerica l w ork ers ]

E co n o m ic lev el

A verage A verage A verage
N um ber
food
size of
ex­
of fam i­ fa m ily in pto ta litu re
u n it
en d
lies
ex p en d i­ per fa m ily ex p e n d i­
tu re u n its
tu re

A verage
u n it
c lo th in g
ex p en d i­
tu re

v
A verage A merage
a o
a m o u n t sp e n tu n t
for
sp en t for a ll ite m s
other
per ex­
item s per p e n d itu re
person
u n it

C IN C IN N A T I
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u a l ex­
p e n d itu re of—
U n d e r $300____________
$300 to $400___________
$400 to $500___________
$500 to $600___________
$600 to $700___________
$700 to $800___________
$800 to $900___________
$900 to $1,000_________
$1,000 to $1,100_______
$1,100 a n d o v er_______

31
72
88
55
42
28
13
10
8
5

4.76
3.61
3.03
2.73
2. 61
2. 38
2.53
2.23
2.68
2.13

$1,144
1,283
1,347
1,507
1,665
1,759
2,120
2,115
2,969
2,702

$113
156
180
205
228
250
304
288
323
356

$30
40
50
68
75
91
71
106
176
102

$96
159
214
277
334
397
460
557
623
805

$240
355
445
552
638
739
838
948
1,108
1,269

$108
143
173
189
209
235
275

$33
46
59
67
79
87
106

$101
164
218
284
353
411
590

$241
354
450
540
645
735
975

$87
105
127
149
167
189
222

$10
33
46
54
60
73
98

$59
124
176
246
325
381
514

$156
259
348
447
552
647
837

CLEVELAND
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al
u n it e x p en d itu re of—
U n d e r $300____________
$300 to $400___________
$400 to $500___________
$500 to $600___________
$600 to $700___________
$700 to $800___________
$800 a n d ov er _ ____

35
82
106
83
66
44
74

4.95
4.04
3.41
2.95
2.58
2. 55
2.19

$1,194
1,430
1,535
1,594
1,665
1,874
2,136

COLUM BUS
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u a l
u n it e x p en d itu re of—
$100 to $200___________
$200 to $300___________
$300 to $400___________
$400 to $500___________
$500 to $600___________
$600 to $700___________
$700 an d o v er________




7
41
55
55
40
30
38

6.00
4.17
3.44
3.06
2.61
2.28
2.16

$936
1.079
1,198
1,369
1,440
1,476
1,808

32

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T a b l e 8 . — Average

unit expenditure at successive economic levels, 1 year during the
period 1934-36— Continued

E co n o m ic lev el

A verage A verage
N um ber
size of
e ­
of fam i­ fa m ily in ptonta lituxre
e d
lies
ex p en d i­ per fa m ily
tu re u n its

verage
A verage Am o u n t
a
a m o u n t sp e n t for
sp e n t for all item s
other
per ex
item s per p en d itu ­
re
p erson
u n it

A verage
food
u n it
ex p e n d i­
tu re

A verage
u n it
c lo th in g
ex p en d i­
tu re

$72
115
138
162
181
206
208
236
238
275
318

$23
35
49
63
70
91
96
113
108
104
153

$79
110
151
218
288
343
429
501
608
670
868

$174
260
338
445
542
641
710
860
963
1,050
1,333

$96
127
142
163
201

$38
50
56
72
86

$108
169
239
312
479

$243
346
439
548
769

$82
103
136
147
178
207
220

$21
32
43
54
70
77
101

$68
111
175
231
300
358
598

$172
246
354
435
550
641
925

$92
125
146
163
182
214

$38
43
58
79
106
108

$116
168
233
303
359
564

$248
336
438
549
645
889

$112
143
166
189
209
211
254
262
233
290

$28
49
56
71
65
90
93
113
110
152

$100
156
222
281
369
445
482
577
694
854

$240
347
442
540
645
752
837
963
1, 042
1,295

D E T R O IT
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u a l
u n it ex p e n d itu r e o f $100 to $200___________
$200 to $300___________
$300 to $400___________
$400 to $500___________
$500 to $600___________
$600 to $700................ ..
$700 to $800.......................
$800 to $ 9 0 0 „ ............
$900 to $1,000............ ..
$1,000 to $1,100_______
$1,100 a n d o v e r-----------

16
59
101
122
100
76
56
32
19
10
7

6.32
4.8 8
4.22
3.42
2.90
2. 68
2. 48
2.20
2.16
2.12
2.0 2

$1,098
1,269
1,426
1,521
1,571
1,719
1,762
1,892
2,081
2, 226
2,692

G R A N D R A P ID S
F a m ilie s w ith an n u a l
u n it ex p en d itu re of—
U n d e r $300-----------------$300 to $400___________
$400 to $500___________
$500 to $600___________
$600 an d ov er--------------

47
39
55
19
34

4. 55
3.33
2.87
2. 67
2.2 0

$1,104
1,151
1, 260
1, 464
1, 691

IN D IA N A P O L IS
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u a l
u n it e x p en d itu re of—
$100 to $200___________
$200 to $300___________
$300 to $400___________
$400 to $500___________
$500 to $600___________
$600 to $700— . ............
$700 a n d o v er--------------

5
21
49
35
35
25
33

5.23
4.2 2
3.5 3
3.2 5
3.01
2.55
2.17

$900
1,038
1,250
1,414
1,654
1,635
2,007
L A N S IN G

F a m ilie s w ith an n u al
u n it ex p en d itu re of—
U n d e r $300____________
___________ $400
$300 to
$400 to $500___________
$500 to $600___________
$600 to $700___________
$700 and over .

28
30
28
20
17
22

4.35
3. 52
3.01
2.43
2.48
2.10

$1,077
1,182
1.319
1,335
1, 600
1,867

M IL W A U K E E
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u a l
u n it e x p e n d itu r e of—
U n d e r $300___________
$300 to $400___________
$400 to $500___________
$500 to $600___________
$600 to $700___________
$700 to $800___________
$800 to $900___________
$900 to $1,000_________
$1,000 to $1,100...............
$1,100 a n d ov er_______




42
79
116
66
56
33
25
7
11
11

5.06
4.22
3.23
3.0 0
2.42
2.4 0
2.01
1.99
2.39
1.98

$1, 214
1,465
1,429
1,620
1,562
1,805
1,683
1,917
2,490
2,565

INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS

33

The 66 families at the highest expenditure level averaged only about
2.79 persons per family. Their incomes averaged $1,663. Their
unit food expenditure was twice as much as that of the larger families
at the lower level, but the outlay only represented 30 percent of their
total expenditure. Their expenditures for housing, fuel, light, and
refrigeration averaged $139 per person, as compared with $54 at the
lowest level, but the percentage of the total devoted to housing at the
highest level was only 23.4 percent. The families at the highest level
thus had 47 percent of their expenditures yet to make after they had
paid for food, housing, fuel, light, and refrigeration.
The amount of annual unit expenditure at successive economic
levels is presented in table 8. The relatively slow increase in unit
food expenditure, in comparison to the increases in unit clothing
expenditure and in other items per capita, emphasizes the differences
in the demand for commodities of different types.

Expenditures at two economic levels.
The comparison of the distribution of total family expenditures*
illustrated in table 9 for two cities, shows the shift in consumer
demand from one of the lowest planes at which independent families
were found to the highest plane of living enjoyed by any considerable
number of the families of wage earners and clerical workers. The
overwhelming importance of food, housing, and clothing requirements
at all economic levels within the range of -the survey is shown by
their high rank in each of the eight cities. In every city food ex­
penditures take first place, and housing (including fuel, light, and
refrigeration) expenditures second place at the $600 to $700 economic
level as well as at the $200 to $300 level. Clothing ranks third at
both levels in every city except Grand Rapids; in that city at the
high level clothing expenditures are pushed into fourth place by
expenditures for automobile purchase and operation.
It is in the categories of expenditure other than food, housing, and
clothing that shifts in relative importance take place as family re­
sources expand. The items which, in most cities, increased one or
two ranks in relative importance at high economic levels were fur­
nishings and equipment, gifts, and medical care. Automobile pur­
chase and operation expenditures increased one place in rank in four
cities but more than four ranks in three cities. Personal care and
household operation other than fuel, light, and refrigeration remained
at approximately the same rank at high as well as low levels in most
of the eight cities, whereas expenses for education, recreation, and
transportation by public conveyance declined somewhat in relative
importance.




34
T able

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
9.— Expenditures in rank order at 2 different economic levels, Detroit and
Indianapolis, 1 year during the period 1984-86
[White families of wage earners and clerical workers]

D etroit
Group expenditure item

Fam ilies w ith annual u n it expenditure
to
$300

$200

F ood_______________ - ____________ __________ ____________
C lothing________________ _______________________._ __________
H o u sin g 1___________________________ ______________________
Other household operation________________ . . . __ __________
F urnishings and equ ip m en t_______ ___________ ___________
A utom obile and m otorcycle purchase, operation, and m ain­
tenance______________________ ___
___ ___________
O ther tra n sp o rta tio n ____ _____________ ___________________
Personal care_________________________________ ______________
M edical care_________________________________________ _______
R ecreation__________________________________ ______________
E d u cation ____________________________________________________
V ocation____________________________________________________
C om m u n ity welfare. _ ___ ____ __________ _________ __
G ifts and contributions to persons outside the econom ic
fam ily . ----------------------- ------------- ----------------- ------------O ther item s. _ ___________ ____ ______________________ _____

Indianapolis

1

3

2
6

$600 to
$700
1

3

2
8

$200 to

$300

1

3
2
7

$600 to
$700
1

3
2
7
5
4
9

8.5
5
8.5
10
7
4
12
15

7
4
10
9
5.5
5.5
13
14

10

5
8.5
8.5
4
13
14

13
14

13

11

12

10

11

1 4

12

15

6

11

15

11
8
6

12

1 5

1Including fuel, light, and refrigeration.

Expenditures having the lowest ranks, such as education, vocation,
and other items, retain about the same relative importance among
families at the low as at the high level. The relatively small expendi­
tures for formal education at the upper economic level are explained by
the composition of families found at this plane in each of the cities.
They contained an average of slightly more than 2.5 persons. The
number of persons under 16 years old averaged less than 0.5 per
family, while the average number gainfully employed at some time
during the year was about 1.33 persons per family.
Changes in Assets and Liabilites 1
5

The proportion of the white families studied in the East North
Central region reporting net surpluses of current income over current
expenditures for the year covered by the study varied from 51.0 per­
cent in Grand Rapids to 63.2 percent in Columbus. Among those
who spent less than their money incomes for current living, the average
amount of surplus per family ranged from $119 in Grand Rapids to
$174 in Columbus. (See table 10.) On the other hand, the proportion
of families studied who met part of their expenditures only by drawing
on assets accumulated prior to the year covered by the schedule or by
incurring debts during the schedule year varied from 32 percent in
Columbus to 46.4 percent in Grand Rapids. The average deficit

1 For purposes of this study, changes in assets and liabilities are computed on the basis of changes which
5
occurred as the result of transfer of property or funds. Changes in the market value of real estate or personal
property remaining in the hands of the families studied are not included in these figures, For a more detailed
explanation, see appendix A, notes on tables 4 and 5, pp. 379 and 380,




INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS

35

per family in this situation was $147 in Indianapolis and $227 1 in
6
Cincinnati. The small proportion of families not included in either
of the above categories reported incomes just balancing current expend­
itures. When all families in each city are treated as a unit, there is a
small average net surplus in five of the cities and a net deficit in three,
resulting in a range for the eight cities from a deficit of $20 in Grand
Rapids to a surplus of $43 in Columbus.
In considering these figures, it is important to keep in mind the
financing of the occasional large expenditure which must be made by
every family, and the general level of incomes among the families of
wage earners and clerical workers. Median incomes in the eight groups
of families studied varied from $1,191 to $1,560. The purchase by a
family at this income level of an electric refrigerator for $150, for
example, must inevitably be financed in part by some means outside
of current income. It may be from past savings which have been set
aside for this purpose, or from current borrowing. Using either
method, the family will show a deficit in the particular year in which
an extraordinary occasional purchase is made.
The important thing to observe, therefore, is not that a number of
families spent more than their incomes in the given year, but the
balance at a given income level between aggregate income and aggre­
gate expenditures. Under normal circumstances we might expect
that exceptional outlays made in any one year by some families would
balance accumulations made by other families in anticipation of later
purchases from savings, or reductions of liabilities incurred for pur­
chases of previous years.
In this connection, it is important to note the setting of the period
in which these surveys were made. There had been a period of 3 or
4 years of intense anxiety during which there was no certainty as to
what the future held in store. It would appear that a number of
families in the wage-earner and clerical groups had managed even
during the worst days of the depression to conserve small amounts of
their past savings or of their current income. By 1934, and more
particularly by 1935, anxiety with reference to the future was some­
what relieved, especially in the case of the group of families covered
by this investigation, since families without relatively steady employ­
ment and those having been on relief at any time during the year
prior to the interview by the field agent were excluded from the survey.
When the families are classified according to income, it appears
that the level at which aggregate savings exceeded aggregate deficits
1 T he figures just cited have been com puted from the fam ilies’ ow n statem ents about changes in their
6
assets and liabilities and do not represent a balancing difference betw een reported incom es and reported
current expenditures. (See appendix A, pp. 375-376.) M ost fam ilies were not able to present a statem ent
of total receipts and total disbursem ents w hich balanced exactly. N o schedule w as accepted for use from
a fam ily w hich could n ot su p p ly a statem en t of total receipts and total disbursem ents w hich balanced
w ith in 5 percent.




36

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

varied somewhat from city to city. (See tabular summary, table 5.)
Except in Indianapolis and Milwaukee, where small surpluses appeared
in the lowest interval, average net deficits occurred in all classes under
the $1,200 level. In Cleveland, Detroit, and Lansing, a clear turning
point was reached at the $1,500 group. Cincinnati and Milwaukee
were irregular, each having one higher income class which showed a
net deficit.
In studying the funds from sources other than family income (see
left-hand side of p. 18 of facsimile of schedule, p. 427) drawn upon by
these eight family groups, it is of considerable interest to note that
more than half were direct increases in liabilities. Only in Cincinnati
and Columbus did withdrawals from previously accumulated assets
exceed sums obtained by incurring debts for goods and services or
by increasing installment obligations.
The Cincinnati families withdrew an average of $102 from previous
savings, and received only a net $73 by borrowing directly or by using
credit. In Columbus, the corresponding figures were $70 and $64.
No clear relationship between net savings and deficits and the level
of expenditure per adult male equivalent can be expected. When
families are classified on this latter basis, it follows that they may
attain a relatively high level of current expenditure by incurring a
current deficit. Thus deficit families move up the scale to a higher
level of living than current income alone would allow, and families
with surpluses for the year move down the scale. As is to be expected
under these conditions, less regularity is shown in deficit and surplus
financing in table 10, with families classified by economic level, than
was shown in table 5 of the tabular summary with families classified
by income.
It is significant to note, moreover, that it was at the highest economic
level that current expenditure exceeded current income. This serves to
emphasize the fact that the economic level of a given family in a given
year is determined not only by its current income, but also by past
savings and ability to borrow. There are at the lower expenditure
levels some families with incomes relatively adequate in terms of the
average for the entire group, which are larger than those families at
higher planes of living. The latter not only had on the average larger
incomes than most of those at the lower levels, larger accumulations of
past savings, and correspondingly greater ability to borrow, but were
also of smaller size and therefore had less fear of depleting reserves.
Consequently it is not surprising to find that in a period when business
recovery was getting under way, the groups with the highest level of
current spending were those having the average deficits.




37

INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS
T

10.— Percentage of families having surplus and deficit and net change in
assets and liabilities during the schedule year, at successive economic levels, 1 year
during the period 1934-86

able

[W hite fam ilies of w age earners and clerical workers]
P ercentage of
fam ilies
h aving—
C ity and econom ic level

Cincinnati
A ll fam ilies______________________
Fam ilies w ith annual u n it ex­
penditure of—
U nder $400__________________
$400 to $600__________________
$600 and over___ ____________
Cleveland
A ll fam ilies_________________
Fam ilies w ith annual u n it ex­
penditure of—
U nder $400__________________
$400 to $600__________________
$600 and over________________
Columbus
A ll fam ilies____ _________ _______
Fam ilies w ith annual u n it ex­
penditure of—
U nder $400._ __________ __ _
$400 to $600__________________
$600 and over________ _______
Detroit
A ll fam ilies___________ ____ __
F am ilies w ith annual u n it ex­
penditure of—
U nder $400. __ _________ _____
$400 to $600__________________
$600 and over________________
Grand R apids
A ll fam ilies______________________
F am ilies w ith annual u n it ex­
penditure of—
U nder $400__________________
$400 to $600__________________
$600 and over________ _______
Indianapolis
A ll fam ilies______________________
Fam ilies w ith annual u n it ex
penditure of—
U nder $400__________________
$400 to $600__________________
$600 and over________________
Lansing
A ll fam ilies-------------------------Fam ilies w ith annual u n it ex­
penditure of—
U nder $400__________________
$400 to $600__________________
$600 and over------------------------M ilw aukee
A ll fam ilies__________ ___ ___ ___
Fam ilies w ith annual u n it ex­
penditure of—
U nder $400__.----------------------$400 to $600__________________
$600 and over-----------------------i Less than $0.50.




N um ­
ber of
fam i­
lies

N et
sur­
plus

N et
def­
icit

A verage am ount of—
N e t change in assets and
liab ilities for all fam i­ Surplus
lies
per
fam ily
having
Per Per ex­
Per
fam ­ pendi­ gainful surplus
ily ture u n it worker

352

60.8

38.4

+$14

+$5

103
143
106

68.9
59.4
54.7

30.1
39.2
45.3

+80
+26

+20

490

57.8

41.6

-1

117
189
184

60.7
58.2
55.4

38.5
40.7
44.6

+13
+18
-2 9

+6
-1 2

266

63.2

32.0

+43

103
95

70.9
62.1
52.9

23.3
36.8
38.2

+88

68

598

56.8

40.3

222
200

176

61.9
59.0
50.0

35.2
39.6
45.5

194

51.0

46.4

74
34

57.0
43.2
52.9

40.7
52.7
47.1

203

62.1

36.0

75
70
58

64.0
60.0
62.1

145

-6 6

+9
-2 7

(0

+3

D eficit
per
fam ily
having
deficit

+$10

$166

$227

+56
+ 19
-4 5

176
145
185

137
155
370

-1

156

219

+13
-2 0

162
174

156
188
283

+14

+32

174

208

+ 23

+63
+ 13
+H

157
165
226

98
231
279

+1

148

206

+7
-8

-3
+18
-1 5

152
182

206
167
244

-2 0

-6

-1 5

119

173

+12

+3
-1 6

-2 1

+9
-3 4
-3 2

103
122
157

115
184
274

+ 40

+ 13

+27

149

147

33.3
38.6
36.2

+41
+36
+42

+11
+12

+18

+28
+ 25
+ 27

221

132

89
113
262

61.4

33.1

+40

+13

+ 31

157

171

58
48
39

72.4
56.3
51.3

24.1
39.6
38.5

+ 63
+61

+22

-2 1

+16
-9

+48
+ 50
-1 6

115
208
178

85
140
291

446

59.2

37.7

+12

+4

+9

150

203

56.2
65.9
53.1

38.8
31.3
44.8

+ 41
-3 1

+4
+ 13
-1 4

+15
+ 31
-2 4

124
134
199

126
151
305

86

121

182
143

+ 17
+ 13
+1

-3
+ 23
-2 0

-4 4
-4 6

+20

+6
+6
0)
-1

+8

120

112

111

38

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

Within this general tendency there are in individual cities consid­
erable irregularities. They notably decreased, however, when the
families were grouped at only three economic levels, that is those
with annual unit expenditure of under $400, between $400 and $600,
and $600 and over. (See tabular summary, table 19.) It will be
seen from table 10 that in all of the eight cities, the percentage of
families completing the year with a net decrease in assets or a net
increase in liabilities, and the amount of such deficit, are both higher
in the group spending $600 per expenditure unit than in the group
spending less than $400. On the other hand, the percentage of families
who achieved a net surplus during the year covered by the schedule
decreased from low to high economic level, despite the fact that
the average amount of surplus per family having surplus increased as
the plane of living rose.
The most frequent form of savings (see tabular summary, table 4)
was the payment of life insurance premiums,1 reported by 84 percent
7
or more of the families in each of the eight cities except Lansing,
where the percentage was 73. The average amount of such premiums
per family making payments ranged from $53 in Lansing to $98 in
Cleveland. In general, the proportion of families investing in life
insurance, and the average amount of premiums paid, increased with
rise in economic level. Except in Detroit and Milwaukee, the second
most frequently reported disposition of funds for other than current
expenses was payment on principal of mortgages and down payment
on owned homes. In Detroit and in Milwaukee an increase in cash
in savings account took second place.
On the other side of the balance sheet, the most frequently specified
sources of funds other than family income were net increases in in­
stallment account obligations for goods other than automobiles, and
“ other debts/’ which include grocers’ , doctors’ , hospital, and other
miscellaneous bills. Withdrawals from savings constituted the next
most frequently used source of funds for families in seven of the cities.
In every city, installment purchases were responsible for a rela­
tively small proportion of increases in the liabilities of these families.
Even so, however, they were considerably larger than decreases in
amounts spent in paying off liabilities incurred in this way in times
previous to the schedule year. Evidently by 1935 sufficient optimism
regarding future prospects prevailed among the families studied to
account for their willingness and ability to undertake major purchases
on the installment plan.
In a stu d y am ong Federal em ployees carried on b y the B ureau of Labor Statistics ju st prior to the
in itiation of this investigation, the schedule provided for securing inform ation on the typ e of insurance
covered b y the prem ium s reported. It w as found th at very frequently inform ants w ere unable to provide
th e inform ation, and th e question w as n ot included in the present schedule. It is, therefore, im possible
to estim ate how m uch of th e am ount paid in life insurance prem ium s represents savings and how m uch
w as paid for insurance protection during th e schedule year.




IN C O M E

LEVEL AND

MONEY

39

D ISB U R SE M E N T S

T a b l e 11.— Changes in assets and liabilities during the schedule year, at successive
economic levels, 1 year during the period 1934-36

[W hite fam ilies of w age earners and clerical workers]

C ity and econom ic
level

A verage decreases,
in am ou nts due *
A verage on goods pur­ A ver­
N u m b er A verage decreases chased on in ­ age de­
of fam ­ increases in lia b il- stallm ent plan creases
ilies in assets ities
in assets
A u tom o­ O ther
biles
goods

A ver­
age in­
creases
in lia­
bilities

A verage increases
in am ounts due
on goods pur­
chased on in ­
stallm en t plan
A utom o­ Other
biles
goods

C in c in n a t i

352

$137

$52

$3

103
143
106

159
114
148

77
32
54

1
2

7

490

122

57

117
189
184

104
124
132

266
103
95

$102

$73

$12

8

9

109
69
140

47
51
128

7
31

4

8

79

102

41
73
51

3
7
3

7
4
14

102

110

9
33

16
16
29

118

59

5

6

70

64

10

16

103
117
143

49
63
68

4
8
4

6

26
76
130

88

68

39
69

14
18

18
19

598

112

49

6

5

62

98

19

17

222
200

83
132
116

48
42
59

4
4
9

4
5
6

44
59
82

90
92
114

5
15
34

20

194

95

39

1

5

74

79

15

13

74
34

83
84
145

30
41
57

5
3

203

107

75
70
58

A ll fam ilies________
F am ilies w ith annual
u n it expenditure of—
U nder $400________
$400 to $600________
$600 and over---------

$8
6

0

$28
21
22

43

C le v e la n d

A ll fam ilies........................
F am ilies w ith annual
u n it expenditure of—
U nder $400________
$400 to $600________
$600 and over______

40
80

16

92
99

2

21

C o lu m b u s

A ll fam ilies................__ F am ilies w ith annual
u n it expenditure of—
U nder $400________
$400 to $600________
$600 and o v e r ..

6

5

2

11

D e tr o it

A ll fam ilies____________
F am ilies w ith annual
u n it expenditure of—
U nder $400________
$400 to $600-_______
$600 and over---------

176

10

18

G ra n d R a p id s

A ll fam ilies........................
F am ilies w ith annual
u n it expenditure of—
U nder $400________
$400 to $600________
$600 and over---------

49
86
113

52
84
136

4
3
69

8
21
8

54

12

8

38

84

27

32

78
87
168

35
77
52

7
14
15

6
11

37
60

52
91
118

13
19
53

19
36
43

70

66

6

7

36

60

12

16

58
48
39

70
67
73

51
95
51

18

5
4

18
40
58

41
61
87

1

0

4
39

13
15

446

L a n s in g

All fam ilies____________
F am ilies w ith annual
u n it expenditure of—
U nder $400________
$400 to $600________
$600 and over______
M ilw a u k e e

A ll fa m ilie s.. _________
F am ilies w ith annual
u n it expenditure of—
U nder $400________
$400 to $600________
$600 and over______
1L ess than $ 0 . 5 0 .




10

145

In d ia n a p o lis

A ll fam ilies________ - F am ilies w ith annual
u n it expenditure of—
U nder $400________
$400 to $600________
$600 and over______

5 3 4 8 5 °— 4 0 —

0

120

38

4

3

68

78

15

15

98
115
146

33
36
45

3
7

3
4
3

111

5
41

15
19

86

121

182
143
4

0)

3

0

1

7

12

20

36
56

74
54
110

0)

21

11

40

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

A comparison of the number of families reporting the purchase of
an automobile during the year covered by the schedule with the num­
ber reporting an increase in installment obligations for the purchase
of automobiles shows that in Indianapolis almost two-thirds financed
them by installment contracts of which a balance remained unpaid
at the end of the year covered by the schedule. About one-half of
the families in Cincinnati, Detroit, Grand Rapids, and Milwaukee,
and over a third in the other three cities did so. Since a large pro­
portion of the cars were purchased second-hand and cost less than
$300, it is probable that some of them were paid for within the
period of the schedule year. In some cases, the families resorted
to small-loan companies for the purpose of financing automobile pur­
chase, but the figures .as reported in this study do not enable con­
clusions as to what proportion of all such loans were used for this
purpose.




Chapter 2
Expenditures for Specified Goods
Food

Annual food expenditures.
The total unit food expenditure 1 increased markedly with rise in
economic level. As shown in table 12, families spending $600 to $700
per expenditure unit for all items paid out approximately twice as
much for food for each adult-male-equivalent in the household as
those spending $200 to $300 per expenditure unit for all items.
In contrast to the increase in unit food expenditures, the average
amounts spent for food per family declined in proportion to total
current expenditures— partially because of the decrease in size of fam­
ily associated with rise in economic level2 in this group. The actual
dollar expenditures for food prepared at home (including food for
lunches carried to work and to school) decreased from low to high
economic levels in six cities. The percentage decrease ranged from
less than 1 percent in Columbus, where the average annual expendiT able

12.— Unit food expenditure at low and high economic levels, 1 year during the
period 193^-36

[W hite fam ilies of w age earners and clerical workers]
Economic level—Families with annual
unit expenditure of—
City

Cincinnati______ ___ _ _ _ _______ _
_
_
_
Cleveland___ _ _ _______ ________
Columbus _ _
_______
__ ____
Detroit-. _ _
_
_
_
_ ___________
Grand Rapids.____ _ ______ _ _ _ _
_
_
Indianapolis_ _ ___ _ _____ _____ _ _
_ _
Lansing______ _________ _ _ _ ____
_
_
_ _ ___
Milwaukee, ____ _______ __ _ _

Percentage
increase in
unit food
expendi­
ture
Number Unit food Number Unit food
of families expendi­ of families expendi­
ture1
ture 1
$200 to $800

31
35
41
59
47
21
28
42

$113
108
105
115
96
103
92
112

$600 to $700

42
66
30
76
34
25
17
56

$228
209
189
206
201
207
182
209

101.8
93.5
80.0
79.1
109.4
101.0
97.8
86.6

1
Food expenditure u n its are com puted from scales based on th e estim ated cost of custom ary food con­
su m p tion during th e period of th e su rvey. T h ey m ay be used as a convenient com m on denom inator in
stu d yin g differences in total expenditures for food at different econom ic levels. (See appendix G .)
1B y u n it food expenditure
2T hroughout the bulletin ,

is m eant am ount spent for food per food expenditure unit.
econom ic level is defined as the am ount of current expenditure for all item s
per total expenditure u n it per year. In th e tabular sum m ary, table 8, details of annual food expenditures
are show n b y as m an y econom ic levels as the num ber of cases in each c ity and the typ e of data for th is table
w ould allow . H ow ever, for purposes of discussion in the text, three com parable levels for all cities are used.
T h ey are low econom ic level, under $400; interm ediate, $400 to $600; high, $600 and over.




41

42

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

ture per family at the lowest level was $385, to 17 percent in M il­
waukee, where comparable expenditure was $535. In Cincinnati,
average expenditures for food prepared at home increased 8 percent
from the low to the high level. In Lansing the increase was less than
1 percent.
Conversely, actual dollar expenditure for food purchased and eaten
away from home increased considerably from the low to the high level
in each of the eight cities. The increase was twofold in Cincinnati
and Cleveland and threefold in Detroit, Grand Rapids, Indianapolis,
Lansing, and Milwaukee. Out of each dollar spent for food at the
low economic level in five cities, between 3 and 5 cents was used to
purchase food away from home. In Cincinnati, Columbus, and In­
dianapolis, between 7 and 9 cents was so spent. At the high eco­
nomic level, from 5 to 11 cents more per food dollar in these cities
went for meals, candy, ice cream, or drinks away from home.
Expenditures for meals at work are clearly connected with size of
city, and the distance between home and work. They accounted for
at least 50 percent of the total amount spent for food away from
home at both low and high levels in Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus,
Detroit, and Indianapolis, leaving only 50 percent for meals at school
and on vacation, other meals out, and ice cream, candy, and soda and
other drinks purchased in restaurants, lunch counters, soda fountains,
and bars. In Grand Rapids, the proportion of the food dollar for
meals away from home was lower, 42 percent at the low level and 47
percent at the high. In Lansing, a much smaller city where many
workers can return home for dinner at noon, only 12 percent of total
expenditures for food away from home went for meals at work at the
low level and 35 percent at the high level.
Expenditures for board at school (which were classified with expendi­
tures for meals away from home) were extremely rare throughout all
the groups studied. Such expenditure was reported by only 13 out
of the 2,694 white families covered in this region.

Food expenditures in 1 wee\ in spring and winter quarters.
Data on the purchase of 194 separate foods are available for 1
typical week in one-quarter for each city.3 They show a marked
3
In order to avoid overburdening the housew ives cooperating in the in vestigation, the schedule w as not
planned w ith a v iew to obtaining estim ates of th e annual consum ption of individual foods. T he section on
the details of food purchases provided only for a sum m ary of annual food expenditures and th e details of
food purchased and consum ed only during the w eek prior to the v isit of the field agent. Since th e figures
on average am ounts purchased and consum ed were in the great m ajority of cases identical, data on q uanti­
ties of food purchased only are presented here. D ata on num ber of fam ilies using are presented to give a
m ore com plete picture of consum ption (see tabular sum m ary, table 7).
In m ost cities, the field w ork extended over more than one season. T he differences b etw een th e averages
secured in the several quarters in such instances reflect not only seasonal differences in food purchased, but
also accidental differences in the econom ic level and the national backgrounds of the fam ilies in the sub­
sam ples interview ed in the different quarters. It w as, therefore, decided to publish in full for each city
only the estim ates for th at season in w hich data were secured from th e largest num ber of fam ilies. D ata
are for the spring quarter in C incinnati, C leveland, D etroit, G rand R apids, Indianapolis, and M ilw aukee,
and for th e w inter quarter in C olum bus and L ansing.




EXPENDITURES FOR SPECIFIED G O S
OD

43

^ 6 FOOD EXPENDITURES OF WAGE EARNERS AND
LOWER SALARIED CLERICAL WORKERS
AT SUCCESSIVE ECONOMIC LEVELS
SPRING QUARTER

CIN CIN N ATI, 1935-1936
WHITE FAMILIES
ITEM

EXPENDITURES PER CAPITA PER WEEK IN CENTS

E C O N O M IC

LEVEL

/ ANNUAL AMOUNT SPEN T
P E R EXPENDITURE U N IT )

UNDER

$400

S B H *400 oV dcr *600
■ ■

MISCELLANEOUS

U .S . BUREAU OF LABOR S TA T IS T IC S




*600

ano

OVER

44

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

increase in the expenditures for food per person with rise in economic
level. They also show that the types and quantities of foods pur­
chased are distinctly different at the various levels.
For these cities, the per capita 4 expenditures and quantities pur­
chased of meats, poultry, and sea food showed marked increases be­
tween the low and high economic levels. Green vegetables and fruits,
important sources of minerals and vitamins, likewise increased in
respect to average expenditures and to quantity purchased.
For starchy foods, such as macaroni, rice, cereals, etc., on the other
hand, the tendency is not so consistent. In Cincinnati, Cleveland,
and Milwaukee, quantities and per capita expenditures showed an
increase at the high level; in Detroit and Grand Rapids the movement
was downward. In Indianapolis, quantities purchased decreased,
but per capita expenditures rose. This suggests that as economic
resources permitted, the families varied their diets, and obtained more
of their calories from dairy products and other protective foods.
Expenditures for total grain products, however, increased at higher
levels. They varied at the low level from 29.1 cents per capita per
week in Lansing to 40.3 cents in Detroit, and at the high level from
42.7 cents in Lansing to 55.3 cents in Cincinnati. This increase is to
be ascribed, however, more to a change in the form and quality of
such products purchased than to an increase in their quantity.
The largest average expenditure for any single item of food was
for milk. The increase between the average per capita expenditure
at the low and high economic levels varied from 46 percent in Cin­
cinnati to 23 percent in Milwaukee. White bread followed milk as
the individual food item accounting for the second largest per capita
expenditure in all cities but Cleveland, where eggs were second, and
Milwaukee, where butter was second. The relation between per
capita expenditures for bread and the general expenditure level is
irregular. Per capita expenditures for butter showed, in general, a
striking increase at the higher level. Average quantities purchased
also increased. Expenditures for and quantities of eggs purchased
also showed a rise with economic level. The rapid expansion in con­
sumption by workers’ families at higher economic levels of such pro­
tective foods suggests that means rather than tastes limit their use at
the lower planes.
4
S in ce h u m a n n eed s for an d c u sto m a ry co n su m p tio n of foods of d ifferen t ty p e s v a r y c on sid erab ly for
p erson s of d ifferen t age an d sex, it is im p o ssib le to c o m p u te a n y sin g le m easu re of fa m ily size w h ic h w ill b e
ap p rop riate for com p arin g th e co n su m p tio n of food from on e fa m ily to an oth er. T h e n eed of ch ild ren for
m ilk is a p p ro x im a tely tw ic e as great as th a t of a d u lts, w h ile th e n eed of a d u lts for th e h eat-p ro d u cin g foods
(starch es an d sugars) is .about tw ic e as great as th a t of ch ild ren . C h ild ren ’s co n su m p tio n of m ea t varies
from th a t of a d u lts a t a still d ifferen t rate. In order to p ro v id e figures on q u a n titie s of in d iv id u a l foods
p u rch ased an d on ex p en d itu res for in d iv id u a l foods w h ic h w o u ld p ro v id e a rea so n a b ly sa tisfa cto ry b a sis for
com p arison an d y e t n o t p resen t a m islea d in g ap p earan ce of refin em en t, d a ta o n fa m ily p u rch ases of in d i­
v id u a l foods h a v e b een con v erted to a per ca p ita b a sis.




45

EXPENDITURES FO SPECIFIED G O S
R
OD
T able

13.— Expenditures for food per capita per week during the period 1934-86
[W h ite fam ilies o f w ag e earn ers an d clerical w orkers]
Item

N u m b e r of fam ilies fu rn ish in g d a ta o n food p u rch ased
in sp ecified q u a rte r, _
_
T o ta l exp en d itu re f o i :
A ll fo o d s........................ ...........
G rain p r o d u c ts_________
E g g s---------------------------------M ilk , ch eese, ice crea m .
B u tte r an d crea m ________
O ther fa ts________________
M e a t, p o u ltr y , fish an d
oth er sea fo o d __________
V eg eta b les an d fr u its____
Sugars an d sw e e ts_______
M iscella n eo u s fo o d s_____
Sales tax
T o ta l exp en d itu re for:
A ll fo o d s__________________
G rain p r o d u c ts_______ __
E g g s --------------------------------M ilk , cheese, ice c r e a m ...
B u tte r an d c r e a m . ____
O ther f a t s . . . ____________
M e a t, p o u ltr y , fish an d
o th er sea fo o d __________
V eg eta b les an d fr u its ____
Su gars an d sw e e ts_______
M iscella n eo u s fo o d s_ _ _
Sales tax

C in cin ­
n a ti

C le v e ­
la n d

D e tr o it

G rand
R a p id s

282
$2.97
.4 5
.1 3
.33
. 13
.1 8
.7 2
.6 5
.1 0
.21
.0 7

211
$2.94
.4 6
.1 5
.3 7
.1 5
.1 4
.5 9
.11
.21
.0 7

262
.$2. 75
.4 4
.1 4
.3 6
.1 7
.1 3
.6 0
.4 9
.0 9
.2 5
.0 8

130
$2.14
.37
.13
.3 0
.1 4
.1 2
.4 0
.38
. 10
.2 0

178
$2. 35
.4 0
.1 2
.3 0
.11
.2 0
.51
.46
.0 8
.17

333
$2. 71
.43
.13
.3 4
.2 0
.1 0
.68
.5 5
.0 9
.19

170
$2. 31
.38
. 15
.2 7
.1 2
.1 5
.5 0
.46
.11
.1 7

P ercen t

P ercen t

P ercen t

P ercen t

P ercen t

P ercen t

P ercen t

2.4

2.9

100.0
15.1
4 .4
11.1
4 .4
6 .1
24 .2
21.8
3 .4
7.1
2 .4

.69

100.0
15.6
5.1
12.6
5.1
4 .8
23 .5
20.1
3 .7
7.1

100.0
16.0
5.1
13.1
6 .2
4 .7
21.8
17.8
3 .3
9 .1

100.0
17.3
6 .1
14.0
6 .5
5 .6
18.7
17.8
4 .7

9.3

In d ia n ­ M ilw a u ­ C o lu m ­ L a n sin g
kee
ap olis
bus

100.0
17.0
5.1
12.8
4 .7
8 .5
21 .7
19.6
3 .4
7 .2

100.0
15.9
4 .8
12.5
7 .4
3 .7
25.1
20 .3
3 .3
7 .0

100.0
16.4
6 .5
11.7
5 .2
6 .5
21.6
19.9
4 .8
7 .4

83
$2.17
.3 5
.11
.27
. 18
.1 4
.4 2
.3 8
.0 9
.23
P ercen t

100.0
16.1
5.1
12.4
8 .3
6 .5
19.4
17.5
4.1
10.6

In general, the tendencies shown by the data collected in Columbus
and Lansing for the winter quarter were the same as in the other
cities, where they apply to the spring. Although their own order
varied, the same four items— milk, white bread, butter, and eggs—
were most important at all levels in each city.
No consistent differences appeared between cities in these two
seasons, except that the per capita expenditures for green and leafy
vegetables were, usually, considerably higher for those groups studied
in the spring.
Even a preliminary review of the figures shows that the diets of the
families at the highest economic level had, on the average, a con­
siderably higher nutritive content than those at the lowest economic
level shown. The quantities purchased per capita of foods rich in
minerals and vitamins essential to growth and the maintenance of
health were appreciably greater among the families at the higher
levels of spending, and show that as family resources increased, these
workers were buying diets more nearly meeting their own nutritional
needs and those of their families.




EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

46

9 PROPORTION OF FAMILIES SPENDING ENOUGH TO
PURCHASE AN ADEQUATE DIET AT MINIMUM COST
AT SUCCESSIVE ECONOMIC LEVELS
1934-1936
WHITE

FAMILIES

CLEVELAND

DETROIT
ALL FAMILIES
UNDER

$400

$400

$600

$600 an OVER
d

INDIANAPOLIS
ALL FAMILIES
UNDER

$400

$400 u SI* $600
n
$600 and OVER

_

MILWAUKEE

ALL FAMILIES
UNDER

$400

$400 wo n$600
nn
$600 and OVER
0
20
40
60
80“
PERCENT
N O TE - The Adequate Diet A T Minimum Cost o f the United States Bureau o f Home
Economics Was Used as the Basis for these Computations

U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




EXPENDITURES FOR SPECIFIED G O S
OD

47

It is of considerable interest to estimate the adequacy of food
expenditures at the different economic levels. Such an estimate 5
furnishes a rough approximation to the probability of adequacy of the
diets purchased to meet the nutritional needs of the families studied
(see table 14 and fig. 7). The prices used in this calculation were the
average prices collected by the Bureau of Labor Statistics for its food
cost indexes. It is, of course, possible to shop with care and buy at
lower prices than these; a judicious selection of in-season fruits and
vegetables and fish will lower the cost. On the other hand, to secure
an adequate diet at the calculated cost requires extremely careful
planning and food consumption habits which follow nutritional needs
very closely, and the probabilities are that not all families spending
such amounts did in fact achieve adequate diets. The figures furnish,
T

able

14.— Proportion of families spending enough to purchase an adequate diet at
minimum cost,1 1 year during the period 19SJ+-S6
[W h ite fam ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]

C ity an d item

A ll
fam ilies

E co n o m ic l e v e l — F a m i l i e s
w ith an n u al u n it ex p en d i­
tu re of—
U n d er
$400

$400 to
$600

$600 an d
over

F am ilies in su r v e y __________ ________________ _________ _____
P ercen tage sp en d in g en ou g h per food exp en d itu re u n it to p u r­
ch ase an a d eq u a te d iet a t m in im u m cost _ _ ______ _____ _____

C in c in n a ti

352
81.8

103
47.6

143
93 .7

106
99 .1

F am ilies in su r v e y ___________________________ ______________ ____
P ercen tage sp en d in g en ou gh per food exp en d itu re u n it to p u r­
ch ase an ad eq u a te d iet at m in im u m c o st_______ __
_ _____

C le v e la n d

490
80.0

117
38.5

189
88.4

9 7 .8

C o lu m b u s

266
63.9

103
31.1

95
77.9

68
94 .1

D etro it

598
89.5

176
69.3

222
96.4

200
9 9 .5

F a m ilie s in s u r v e y ._ __ -------------- ■ _ ----------- ---------------- ------P ercen ta ge sp en d in g en ou g h per food exp en d itu re u n it to p u r­
ch ase an a d eq u a te d iet at m in im u m c o st_____ __ _ _ _ ______

203
67.0

75
37.3

70
75.7

58
94 .8

M ilw a u k e e

446
76.5

121
38.8

182
85.2

143
9 7 .2

F a m ilies in s u r v e y ..
. _ __ __ _ ____________________________
P ercen ta ge sp en d in g en ou gh per food ex p en d itu re u n it to p u r­
ch ase an a d eq u a te d iet at m in im u m c o st_____ __ . _______
F a m ilie s in su r v e y . _______ _________ ______ __ . . ------------------P ercen ta ge sp en d in g en ou gh per food ex p en d itu re u n it to p u r­
ch ase an ad eq u a te d iet a t m in im u m c o st. __ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ __
In d ia n a p o lis

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ._ ___ _______________ __________ ______________
P ercen ta ge sp en d in g en ou g h per food exp en d itu re u n it to p u r­
ch ase a n a d eq u a te d iet a t m in im u m c o st_______ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

184

i B a sed on th e a d eq u a te d iet a t m in im u m cost of th e U . S. D e p t, of A gr., B u reau of H o m e E co n o m ics.
T h e cost of th is d iet per ad eq u ate-food -cost u n it d u rin g th e period of th e in v estig a tio n w as $127.39 in C in ­
c in n a ti, $126.84 in C levelan d , $113.65 in C olu m b u s, $102.00 in D e tr o it, $120.14 in In d ia n ap o lis, an d $120.43
in M ilw a u k ee .
N ote .— D a ta are n o t p resen ted for G rand R a p id s an d L a n sin g b ecau se retail prices are n o t a v a ila b le for
th ese cities.
5
F or th is pu rp ose, th e size of each fa m ily w a s m easu red in ad eq u ate-food -cost u n its b a sed o n th e U n ite d
S ta tes B u rea u of H o m e E c o n o m ic s’ a d eq u a te d iet a t m in im u m cost (S tieb elin g , H . K ., an d W ard , M . M ,:
D ie ts a t four le v e ls of n u tritiv e co n te n t an d cost. U . S. D e p a r tm e n t of A gricu ltu re C ircular N o . 296, W a sh ­
in g to n , 1933) an d average food exp en d itu res per ad eq u ate-food -cost u n it w ere also ca lcu lated for each fa m ily .
T h ese ex p en d itu res w ere com p ared w ith th e calcu lated cost of th e sa m e d iet for a m a n a t m o d era te w ork ,
w h ic h w a s ta k en as a u n it in th e ad eq u a te-fo od -co st scale.




48

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

therefore, the basis for an estimate of the proportion of the families
spending enough for nutritionally adequate food, though they do not
show the proportion of families actually achieving adequate diets.6
The proportions for all families and for families at different economic
levels, as given in table 14, show that the percentage spending enough
to purchase an adequate diet rose very rapidly with rise in economic
level.
Housing
Home ownership .

The proportion of families who owned their homes ranged from 45
percent in Grand Rapids to 26 percent in Cincinnati and Milwaukee.
Except in Cleveland and Detroit, the absolute difference in the per­
centage of families owning homes at the low and high economic levels7
was small. In Detroit the percentage was 35 at the low and 22.5 at
the high economic level, in Cleveland 37 at the low and 22 at the
high. There was a somewhat higher percentage of home owners at
the lower economic levels 8 in the 6 other cities also. This is in part
connected with the larger families at the lower level, and the conse­
quent importance of housing in the economic planning of these
families. Since it is frequently difficult to locate large houses and
apartments for rent, the large family has more incentive to buy than
the small one.
Size o f homes .

In all cities studied in this region, home owners and renters of houses
had larger homes than did those renting apartments, and renters of
unheated apartments had more space than renters of heated apart­
ments. The home owners averaged about six rooms9 per family and
renters of houses almost five and one-half rooms. Families living in
apartments where heat was not included in the monthly rental aver­
aged over four rooms per family, while those in apartments where
heat was furnished by the landlord and included in the rent averaged
close to four rooms. In general, the largest homes were reported in
Grand Rapids and the smallest in Cincinnati.
6 T h e B u reau of L abor S ta tistic s tu rn ed over to th e B u reau of H o m e E co n o m ics of th e U n ite d S ta tes
D e p a r tm e n t of A gricu ltu re, for n u tritio n a l an a ly sis, d eta iled records of a ctu al food co n su m p tio n for 1 w e ek
of a sa m p le of th e fam ilies stu d ie d . S ee “ N u tr itiv e v a lu e of d iets of fam ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical
w ork ers in N o r th A tla n tic cities, 1934-35,” H a zel K . S tieb elin g , M o n th ly L ab or R e v ie w , J u ly 1936. A lso
see “ D ie ts of fam ilies of e m p lo y ed w ag e earners an d clerical w ork ers in c itie s,” H a zel K . S tieb elin g an d
E sth er F . P h ip a rd , U . S. D e p a r tm e n t of A gricu ltu re C ircular N o . 507, Ja n u a ry 1939.
7 T h ro u g h o u t th e b u lle tin , eco n o m ic le v e l is d efin ed as th e a m o u n t sp e n t per ex p en d itu re u n it per yea r
or th e am o u n t of a n n u a l u n it e x p en d itu res. In tab u lar su m m a ry ta b le 10, d eta ils for h o u sin g are sh o w n
b y as m a n y eco n om ic le v e ls as th e n u m b er of cases in each c ity an d th e ty p e of d a ta for th is ta b le w o u ld
a llo w . H o w ev er, for p u rp oses of d iscu ssio n in th e tex t, th ree com p arab le le v e ls for all c itie s are u sed . T h e y
are lo w eco n om ic le v e l, u n d er $400; in term ed ia te, $400 to $600; h ig h , $600 a n d ov er.
8 O ther stu d ie s h a v e sh o w n th a t h o m e o w n ersh ip is m ore co m m o n a m o n g fam ilies of a n y g iv e n ty p e a t
h ig h in co m e le v e ls th a n a t th e lo w .
9 T h e d ifficu lties in v o lv e d in secu rin g d a ta on size o f roo m s m a d e it seem in a d v isa b le to in c lu d e in stru c­
tio n s for o b ta in in g su ch m ea su rem en ts on th e sch ed u le u sed in th e p resen t in v estig a tio n . Q u estion s a b o u t
w in d o w sp a ce a n d su n lig h t w ere o m itte d for th e sa m e reason.




49

EXPENDITURES EO SPECIFIED G O S
R
OD
T

a b l e 1 5 . — A v e r a g e n u m b e r o f p e r s o n s p e r r o o m , at s u c c e s s iv e e c o n o m i c le v e ls , 1 y e a r
d u r in g th e p e r i o d 1 9 3 4 —3 6

[W h ite fa m ilies of w a g e earners an d clerical w orkers]

Ite m

A ll fam ilies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s w ith a n ­
n u a l u n it exp en d itu re of—
U n d er $400 $400 to $600

$600 an d
over

C cin a
in n ti
N u m b e r of fa m ilies in su r v e y ___________________
A verage n u m b er of persons per room am o n g—
H o m e o w n e r s_______________________________ _
R en ters of h o u se s____________________________
R en ters of h ea ted a p a r tm e n ts______________
R en ters of u n h ea ted a p a r tm e n ts___________

352
.72
.87
.88
.9 6

103
1.03

143

106

66

.5 4
.51
.7 5
.7 4

80
92
91

1.22
1.12

1.24

C ela d
lev n
N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y ___________________
A verage n u m b er of persons per room am on g—
H o m e o w n ers________________________________
R en ters of h o u se s____________________________
R en ters of h eated a p a r tm e n ts______________
R en ters of u n h ea ted a p a r tm e n ts___________

117

490

184

189
85
92
90
96

.68

.6 5
.72
.73

67
67
82
75

.5 2
.5 3
.6 5
.5 5

C mu
olu b s
N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y ___________________
A verage n u m b er of persons per room am o n g—
H o m e o w n ers________________________________
R en ters of h o u se s____________________________
R en ters of h eated a p artm en ts 1_____________
R en ters of u n h ea ted a p a rtm en ts___________

103

266

74
86
75

.6 0

.66

.63

95
.5 6
.61

68

.4 4
.4 6

.63

.4 8

D
etroit
N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y ___________________
A verage n u m b e r of persons per room am o n g—
H o m e o w n e r s________________________________
R en ters of h o u se s____________________________
R en ters of h eated a p a r tm e n ts______________
R en ters of u n h ea ted a p a rtm en ts___________

222

176

598
.71
.7 5
.7 5
.71

200

.6 4
.70
.8 3
.7 0

.9 2
1.00
1.03
.9 3

.51
.5 3
.6 5
.5 0

G n Rp s
ra d a id
N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y ___________________
Average number of persons per room among—
H o m e ow n ers_________________________________
R en ters of h o u se s____________________________
R en ters of h eated ap a rtm en ts 1_____________
R en ters of u n h ea ted a p a rtm en ts___________

194

74

86

.79
.7 4

34
.41
.3 5
.5 9

.5 0
.53
.65

.71

In ia a olis
d np
N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y ____________________
A verage n u m b er of persons per room am on g—
H o m e o w n ers________________________________
R en ters of h o u se s____________________________
R en ters of h eated ap a rtm en ts 1_____________
R en ters of u n h ea ted a p a rtm en ts___________

75

203

70

.6 7

.5 9
.6 7

58
.78
.8 4

.66

58
.63
. 62
.5 0

.4 6
.4 9
.3 9

.5 4
.6 0

.73
.81
.8 5

.6 2

43
45

Ln g
a sin
N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y ___________________
A verage n u m b er of persons per room a m o n g—
H o m e o w n ers________________________________
R en ters of h o u se s____________________________
R en ters of h eated a p artm en ts 1_____________
R en ters of u n h ea ted a p artm en ts 1__________

145

48

M ak
ilw u ee
N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y ___________________
A verage n u m b er of p erson s per room am on g—
H o m e o w n ers_________________________________
R en ters of h o u se s____________________________
R en ters of h eated a p a r tm e n ts______________
R en ters of u n h ea ted a p a rtm en ts___________

446

121

69
71
73
69

.9 8
.90
.90
1.01

1 F igu res n o t p resen ted b ecau se of sm a ll n u m b e r of fa m ilies in th is classification .




182

143
.64
.67
.82
.7 0

.4 6
.5 0
.61
.50

50

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

Although families who were either home owners or house renters
were, on the average, larger than those living in multiple-family dwell­
ings, their homes were enough larger to make up for their greater
numbers of children. For the purpose of calculating number of
persons per room, hallways, open porches, kitchenettes, dinettes, and
baths were not counted as rooms. In table 15 it is seen that, in
general, the number of persons per room is greatest among renters of
unheated apartments; that is, apartments in which heat was furnished
by the tenants— usually by means of stoves. When we compare
families living at the higher economic levels with those at lower levels,
there is observed a pronounced downward movement in the number
of persons per room. This is due in large part to the smaller size of
families at the higher living plane. Except at the low economic levels
in Cincinnati, Detroit, and Milwaukee, families in all categories in all
cities in this region averaged less than one person per room, the rough
standard usually accepted in the United States as indicating the
minimum of necessary space. In table 10 of the Tabular Summary,
the data from which these figures are computed are available in a
more detailed break-down by economic level.

Garage.
The increasing importance of the automobile in enabling the Amer­
ican worker to locate land and a house he can afford to buy is indicated
by the fact that more than three-fourths of the home owners in six
city groups studied in this region had garages. In Cincinnati and
Milwaukee about half of the home owners possessed this facility.
Among renters, between 50 and 60 percent of the families had the use
of garages in six cities, about 30 percent in Cincinnati, and about 40
percent in Milwaukee.

Facilities.
About a third of the renters studied in Cincinnati, Grand Rapids,
Indianapolis, and Lansing, about one-fourth in Milwaukee, and less
than one-eighth in Cleveland, Columbus, and Detroit lived in dwellings
without one or more of the following facilities: Running hot water,
inside flush toilets, electric lights, and gas or electricity for cooking.
In all cities except Cleveland, the percentage of home owners lacking
these facilities is considerably less than that of renters. In Cleveland,
6 percent of the renters and 7 percent of the home owners were without
one or more of these modern conveniences. In table 16 there is shown
for both owners and renters of each of the eight cities, the proportion
of families whose homes were equipped with specified facilities, such as
central heat, running hot water, or telephones. It will be observed
that a larger proportion of the home owners had telephones, central
heat, and gas or electricity for cooking, but that renters relatively
more frequently had inside flush toilets. A considerable proportion of




51

EXPENDITURES EO SPECIFIED G O S
R
OD

renting families, and even some among home-owning families, shared
the use of the toilet with other families, and as many as 17 percent of
the renting families in Columbus did not have access at all to inside
flush toilets.
The proportion of families with electric refrigerators was approx­
imately twice as high among the families studied in Cincinnati as
among those studied in the other eight cities. This difference is

F" 8 PROPORTION OF FAMILIES OF WAGE EARNERS AND
LO W ER-SA LA RIED CLERICAL WORKERS HAVING
SE L E C T E D HOUSING FACILITIES AT
SU C C E SS IV E ECONOMIC L E V E L S
LA N SIN G , 1934-1935
WHITE FAMILIES
PERCENT
100
INSIDE FLUSH TOILET
RUNNING HOT WATER,
ELECTRIC LIGHTS AND
GAS OR ELECTRICITY
FOR COOKING

CENTRAL HEATING

ECONOMIC LEVEL
/' n n u a l a m o u n t s p e n t
a
PER EXPENDITURE U M lT j

] UNDER

$400

| $400 un^ r $600
I $600 a nd OVER
U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR S TATISTICS

apparently related to the fact that rates for electric power to the
amount of 100 kilowatt hours per month were ralatively low in Cin­
cinnati as compared with the other cities in this area for which Bureau
of Labor Statistics secures data on power rates. (The amount of
power needed for lighting a dwelling of average size, for small electric
appliances, and for an electric refrigerator amounts to about 100
kilowatt hours per month.
In table 9 of the Tabular Summary, the data on housing facilities are
presented in greater detail, including a break-down according to
economic level. The items which show a notable increase from low
to high economic level are electric refrigerators, telephones, central
heating, and hot running water.




EAST NORTH CENTRAL REG N
IO

52
T

able

16.— Housing facilities at the end of the schedule year, 1 year during the
period 1934—
36
[W h ite fa m ilies o f w a g e earners an d clerica l w orkers]
Ite m

N u m b e r o f fa m ilie s w h o
o w n ed p rin cip a l h o m e at
en d of sc h e d u le y e a r . _____
P ercen ta g e of o w n ers h a vin g
C e n tr a l h e a t _____________
G as or e le c tr ic ity for
c o o k in g .
______. . .
E le c tr ic refrigerator-------R u n n in g h o t w a t e r _____
In sid e flu sh to ile t. _____
S o le u se o f to ile t_________
T e le p h o n e ---------- . . . . . .
G a rage___________
G a rd en sp a ce------------------P la y sp a ce----------------------E a c h o f th e follow in g
item s: In sid e flu sh to i­
le ts, ru n n in g h o t w ater,
electric lig h ts, an d gas
or e lec tric ity for coo k ­
in g —
N u m b e r of fam ilies w h o
ren ted p rin cip al h o m e at
e n d of sch ed u le y e a r _______
P ercen ta ge o f ren ters h a v in g
C en tral h e a t-------------------G as or e lec tric ity for
c o o k in g .____________ __
E lectric refr ig e r a to r _____
R u n n in g h o t w a te r . _ _ _
In sid e flu sh to ile t________
S o le u se of t o i l e t . _______
T e le p h o n e ________________
G a rage____________________
G ard en s p a c e ____________
P la y sp a ce________________
E a ch of th e. follow in g
item s: In sid e flu sh to i­
le ts, r u n n in g h o t w ater,
electric lig h ts, an d gas
or electricity for cook­
in g —

C in cin ­
n a ti

C le v e ­
la n d

91
94.5

140
94 .3

98 .9
58.2
89 .0
96 .7
96.7
53 .8
52.7
63.7
82 .4

98 .6
25.7
95.0
98.6
97 .9
32.1
77.1
74.3
79.3

84 .6

C o lu m ­ D e tr o it
bus

94
9 6 .8
9 6 .8
28.7
89 .4
91.5

173
88 .4

G rand In d ia n ­
M il­
R a p id s a p o lis L a n sin g w a u k ee

88

90 .9
95 .5
20 .5
87 .5
9 6 .6

69
71 .0

57
98 .2
9 3 .0
3 .5
66 .7
8 9 .5
96 .5
31 .6
8 4 .2
71.9
94 .7

78.9

100.0

40 .4
78.7
74.5
78 .7

98 .3
26.6
93.6
97.1
99.4
30.1
85. 5
68.8
77.5

100.0

31.8
75.0
85.2
83 .0

89 .9
36 .2
73 .9
8 8 .4
95 .7
21 .7
78 .3
95 .7
97.1

92 .9

89.4

93 .6

84 .1

68.1

261
70.5
9 7 .3
49 .0
69 .0
92 .3
74.3
19.2
29.5
23.8
46.7

350
80 .0
27 .1
9 4 .9
99 .4
9 4 .0
20 .9
53.1
44 .9
67.1

172
95.3
95.9
21.5
94 .2
83.1
97.1
24 .4
61.0
40.7
70.3

425
88 .9
97 .9
34.1
93 .9
98 .8
97 .2
20 .5
56.5
33.9
55.1

106
68 .9
90 .6
17.9
67.9
9 5 .3
99 .1
19 .8
56.6
50.9
63.2

134
70.1
80.6
26.9
70.1
9 0 .3
96 .3
12.7
61.9
78.4
80.6

92 .0
78.4
2 3 .9
75.0
9 4 .3
95.5
13.6
65.9
64 .8
76.1

66.7

93.7

87.8

91.8

65.1

66.4

63.6

100.0

88

119
89 .9
98 .3
16.8
86.6

9 5 .8
9 2 .4
38 .7
58 .8
6 6 .4
79 .0

8 4 .9
327
77.7
99.1
21.1

78 .6
9 8 .8
9 3 .3
29 .7
4 2 .2
37 .6
61.5

76.1

Housing expenditures.
When families are classified according to economic level, the pro­
portion of total expenditures devoted to housing, fuel, light, and
refrigeration combined shows a slightly declining tendency from low
to high expenditure level (see table 3, tabular summary). In part this
movement is a reflection of the smaller families found at the higher
economic levels, but it is also found when families of one size and type
are isolated and their housing expenditure followed from one income
level to another.
Home owners.— Among the home-owning families found in the sam­
ples in the East North Central cities, average current expenditure for
housing ranged from $145 in Indianapolis to $238 in Cincinnati (see
table 17). Included in the total of current housing expenditure for
home owners are taxes, assessments, repairs and replacements, fire
and liability insurance on home, interest on mortgages, and refinancing
charges, but not principal on mortgage or permanent improvements.




53

EXPENDITURES FOR SPECIFIED G O S
OD

The largest of these items were taxes and interest on mortgage,
followed by repairs and replacements. In all of the cities studied,
there was a notable increase in amount devoted to housing expenditure
by home-owning families at high economic levels as compared with
those at low levels, though it was not proportionate to the increase in
total unit expenditure1 for all items. The average amount invested
0
in their homes by home owners making such investments during the
year ranged from $99 in Indianapolis to $256 in Grand Rapids. In­
vestment in housing has been treated to include both payments on
principal of mortgage and for permanent improvements to a home,
such as addition of an enclosed porch. Such investment showed a
tendency to increase with economic level except in Indianapolis and
Lansing, where the changes were very irregular.
T

able

17.— Housing expenditures, 1 year during the period 1934-86
[W h ite fam ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]
C in cin ­
n a ti

Ite m

C le v e ­
la n d

C o lu m ­ D e tr o it
bus

G rand
R a p id s

In d ia n ­ L a n sin g M il­
ap olis
w a u k ee

90
$238

138
$209

92
$187

169
$196

87
$152

68
$145

52
$164

118
$234

$129
$451
$213

$69
$366
$157

$107
$312
$125

$74
$322
$126

$54
$252
$100

$64
$274
$128

$76
$324
$160

$100
$390
$156

39
$23

86
$26

113
$19

159
$20

54
$15

100
$17

65
$19

94
$21

66
$24

45
$28

6

106
$28

12

42
$29

154
$17

214
$21

50
$21

146
$20

41
$11

19
$16

7

182
$24

352
0
13

490
$0.03
28

266
0
11

598
0
41

194
$0.13
16

203
0
10

145
0
9

446
$0.04
14

$28
1

$21

$19
0

$17
2

$11
3

$16
3

$39
1

$31
2

H o m e o w n e rs fo r 12 m on th s

N u m b e r of fam ilies-----------A verage current ex p en d itu re.
A verage a m o u n t in v ested
d u rin g year in o w n ed
h o m e____________________
A verage a n n u a l ren ta l v a lu e .
A verage im p u ted in co m e
from e q u ity in o w n h o m e —.
R e n te r s o f h o u se s Jor 12 m o n th s

N u m b e r of f a m ilie s _________
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l rate
p a id ___________ __________
R en ters

o f

a p a rtm en ts

h ea t in c lu d e d

in

w ith

ren t jo r

12

m on th s

N u m b e r o f f a m ilie s _________
A v era g e m o n th ly ren tal rate
p a i d ----------- --------------------R en ters

of

a p a rtm en ts

15

7
0)

0)

0)

w ith

h e a t n o t in c lu d e d i n r e n t Jor
12 m o n th s

N u m b e r o f fa m ilies---------------A verage m o n th ly ren tal rate
p a id -------------------------- -------

0)

S ec o n d a ry h o u sin g

N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y .
A verage exp en d itu re for
o w n ed v a ca tio n h o m e ...........
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g
for ren t on va ca tio n or tr ip .
A verage exp en d itu re for ren t
on va ca tio n or trip per
fa m ily m ak in g su ch ex ­
p en d itu re________ ____
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g
for ren t a t sch o o l___________

1

1 In form ation n o t p resen ted b ecau se of sm a ll n u m b er of fam ilies in th is classification .
10 B y u n it exp en d itu re is m e a n t th e to ta l a m o u n t of current ex p en d itu re for all item s per ex p en d itu re u n it.




54

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

When the amount which home-owning families would have paid to
rent their homes at market prices (annual rental value) is compared
with the cash actually laid out for current housing expenditure, there
is a net difference of income “ in kind” which may be called the im­
puted income from equity in owned home. This figure is shown in
table 17 to have been $100 in Grand Rapids and $213 in Cincinnati.
There may have been some tendency, however, for home owners to
overestimate the rental value of their homes, based on an understand­
able reluctance to allow sufficient depreciation or to recognize the
extent of the fall in rental values which had taken place in most cities
during the depression. For these reasons, the imputed incomes may
be a little high. Another factor which tends to cut down the apparent
differential advantage of home owners as opposed to renters is that
home owners are less able to move about with changing employment
opportunities. The instability of many lines of employment today
makes it highly desirable that a worker be able to move himself and
his family to new locations from time to time if they are not to suffer
severely from some local stoppage of work.
Renters. — Average rents in this region ranged from $11 to $29 per
month (table 17), depending on the city and the type of accomodation
rented. There was a distinct tendency, as indicated in table 10 of the
tabular summary, for rental rates to rise with increase in economic
level.
Vacation housing and room rent at school.— One family in Milwaukee,
2 in Cleveland, and 3 in Grand Rapids owned a vacation home, for
which they spent $18, $7, and $8, respectively. The number of
families making expenditures for rent on vacation or trips was smallest
in Lansing, where but 9 families did so, and largest in Detroit, where
there were 41. Their average expenditure for this item ranged from
$11 in Grand Rapids to $39 in Lansing. With general improvement
in plane of living, there was a sharp increase for all families in the
average amount spent for rent on vacation trips.
Expenditures f o r j u e l , light, and refrigeration.— The cold winters
usually experienced in the cities in the East North Central region 1
1
are reflected in the inroads upon family finances required by the
annual fuel bill. As is seen in table 18, expenditures were heaviest
in winter and fall, indicating that but few of the families of workers
have sufficient reserve funds or storage facilities to lay in a coal supply
in the summer time, when they might take advantage of the lower
prices prevalent at that season. Expenditures for electricity, gas,
and ice largely account for fuel, light, and refrigeration bills in the
spring and summer.
ii
T h e m ea n tem p eratu re for D e cem b er, Ja n u ary , a n d F eb ru a ry in th ese cities is: C in cin n a ti, 32.2; C leve­
lan d , 28.4; C olu m b u s, 30.6; G rand R a p id s, 26.6; In d ia n a p o lis, 30.7; L a n sin g, 24.2; an d M ilw a u k ee , 23.2.
(A v era ges d erived from M o n th ly W ea th er R e v ie w . S u p p le m e n t N o . 25, U . S. D e p t, of A gric.)




55

EXPENDITURES FOR SPECIFIED G O S
OD

In table 11 of the Tabular Summary, detailed information is pre­
sented for expenditures on electricity, anthracite, bituminous coal,
coke, briquets, wood, fuel oil, gas, kerosene, gasoline not used for
automobiles, and ice. Since the actual amount paid for fuel, light,
and refrigeration depends to a large extent on whether a house or an
apartment is involved, and on whether the rent paid the landlord
includes heat, data are presented for families in four separate cate­
gories as well as in the form of averages for all families. As would
be expected, the largest total payments for fuel, light, and refrigera­
tion were made by families heating houses— with coal, electricity, and
gas constituting the principal items of expenditure. The second
largest payments were made by families who purchased fuel to heat
apartments, where heat was not included in rent, with the same three
items predominating.
T able

18.— Expenditures for fuel, light, and refrigeration, 1 year during the period
1984-36
[W h ite fam ilies of w age earners an d clerical w orkers]
C in cin ­
n a ti

Ite m
N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r­
v e y _____________________ ____
T o ta l ex p en d itu res for fu el,
lig h t, an d refrigeration for:
Y ea r___________ _____ ___
W in te r ____________. . . .
S p rin g ________ _________
S u m m e r ..___________ _
F a ll_______________________

C le v e ­
lan d

352

490

266

598

194

203

145

446

$91
24
19
20
28

$108
35
20
21
32

$108
33
22
21
32

$114
37
22
21
34

$122
38
26
23
35

$121
43
19
23
36

$124
39
28
22
35

$124
33
21
20
41

C o lu m ­ D e tr o it
bus

G rand In d ia n ­
M ilw a u ­
R a p id s ap olis L a n sin g
kee

When families paying separately for heat are classified by amount
of unit expenditure (table 11 of the Tabular Summary), the dollar
expenditures for fuel, light, and refrigeration show a slight increase
from low to high levels. The fact that they do not increase more
sharply indicates the basic nature of these requirements, and the
fact that as funds available for spending increase, a less than pro­
portionate amount goes to them. Electricity expenditures showed
the greatest increase from low to high economic levels.
Other items of household operation.— Items of household operation
other than fuel, light, and refrigeration include water rent, telephone,
domestic service, laundry sent out, laundry soap and cleaning sup­
plies, and other miscellaneous items. Expenditure for these items,
listed in table 12 of the tabular summary, showed marked increase
from low to high economic levels, with the total expenditure approxi­
mately doubling. Those showing the greatest response to change in
economic level were telephones, domestic service, and laundry out.

53485 ° — 40-




-5

56

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
Furnishings and Equipment

Expenditures for housefumishings and equipment vary more from
family to family than those for most other items (see tables 24A and
B, Tabular Summary). The variability of total furnishings and
equipment expenditure is, of course, greatly exceeded by the varia­
bility of expenditures for individual items in this group. This is
due to the fact that many of the items of furnishings and equipment
are purchased by relatively few families in any one year, and that
when such purchases are made they involve relatively heavy outlays.
The family which bought a living-room suite last year will perhaps
make no important addition to its stock of furniture this year, but
will save toward purchases of other such items in subsequent years.
On account of this high variability, average expenditures for specific
items of furniture and furnishings for relatively small groups of
families do not show significant trends, and the figures on the details
of furniture and equipment purchases have been presented as regional
averages rather than in terms of averages by cities.
Expenditures for furnishings and equipment, which were largely
for electrical appliances, furniture, carpets and rugs, curtains, bed­
ding, and miscellaneous equipment, varied significantly with economic
level. At the lowest level, families in the eight East North Central
cities combined spent $40.90 for this group of items, whereas those
at the highest living plane spent $107.87 for this purpose. (See
table 19.)
T

able

19.— Expenditures for furnishings and equipment at different economic
levels, 1 year during the period 193J/--36
[W h ite fa m ilies o f w a g e earn ers an d clerical w ork ers, in 8 cities com b in ed ]

Item

F a m ilie s w ith an n u al u n it ex p en d i­
tu re of—
U n d er $400 $400 to $600

N u m b e r o ffa m ilie s in s u r v e y ______________________
T o ta l ex p en d itu re for fu rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t.
F u rn itu r e________________________________________
T e x tile fu rn ish in g s______________________________
S ilv er, c h in a , an d gla ssw a re___________________
E le c tr ic a l e q u ip m e n t___________________________
M isc e lla n e o u s e q u ip m e n t______________________
T o ta l e x p en d itu re for fu rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t
F u rn itu r e ________________________________________
T e x tile fu rn ish in g s______________________________
S ilv er , ch in a, an d gla ssw a re___________________
E lectrica l e q u ip m e n t_____________ _____________
M isc e lla n e o u s e q u ip m e n t______________________

839
$40.90
10. 74
11.24
.85
11.00
7. 07
P ercen t

26.2
27.5
2.1
26.9
17.3

1, 023
$ 66.12
16.86
15.12
1.05
23. 35
9. 74
P ercen t

25.5
22.9
1.6
35.3
14.7

$600 an d
over
832
$107.87
32. 66
21. 39
2.46
35. 74
15. 62
P ercen t

30.3
19.8
2 .3
33.1
14. 5

The items purchased by the largest proportion of all families were
fundamentals of household equipment: Brooms, brushes, mops, light
bulbs, curtains, draperies, cotton turkish towels, sheets, pots, pans,




EXPENDITURES FOR SPECIFIED G O S
OD

57

cutlery, and pillowcases, with very little variation in rank order
of items between the different economic levels. A large number of
families at all levels also purchased canning equipment or cookers.
Of the various groups of items coming under the general head of
furnishings and equipment, electrical equipment shows the largest
increase in average expenditure from lowest to highest economic level,
and furniture the second. After electric-light bulbs, the most fre­
quently purchased items of electrical equipment at the lowest level
were washing machines, bought by 70 families, and lamps, by 52. At
the highest economic level, 148 families purchased lamps, 102 pur­
chased electric refrigerators, and 77 purchased washing machines.
Washing machines required the largest average expenditure and
electric refrigerators the second largest at the low level. The order
was reversed at the high level.
When the average expenditure for living-room suites is computed
for those families buying such furniture, 46 families among the 839
at the lowest economic level averaged $81; 62 of the 1,023 families at
the intermediate level averaged $102; and 79 of the 832 families at
the highest averaged $121.
Outlays for carpets and rugs by families at the highest economic
level averaged $8.30, as compared with $3.33 at the lowest level.
When these averages are converted to averages per family buying car­
pets and rugs, 121 families at the lowest level averaged $23, whereas
201 families at the highest level averaged $34. On the other hand,
average expenditures for equipment of a more strictly utilitarian type,
felt-base floor covering, were similar for families at both levels, $0.65
and $0.66. The average expenditure per family purchasing this type
of floor covering was the same at both levels— $8.

Clothing
Variability o f clothing expenditures .

Clothing expenditures for any one individual vary greatly from
year to year. An even greater variability exists between the clothing
expenditures of different individuals in any one year. This high
degree of variability results from such factors as the stock of clothing
left over from the previous year, the money income of the family, and
the number of persons within the home whose needs must be supplied
from family funds, and such unusual situations as may require special
purchases. Because of this great difference between the expendi­
tures of individuals it is difficult to secure representative averages on
the clothing expenditures of individuals unless data are available
from a large number of persons. For this reason, average expendi­
tures for individuals for specified articles of clothing have been com­
puted for the region as a whole, and not for separate cities.




58

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

Total expenditure per family fo r clothing.

Among the major groups of family expenditures, those for clothing
are the most elastic. With increases in economic resources among
families of wage-earner and lower-salaried clerical workers, more and
more of the family funds go to solve the problem of what to wear.
The larger average expenditure per family at the high economic level1
2
is the result not only of the purchase of larger quantities of the same
items purchased by families at the low level, but also of greater variety
and better quality of goods.
Gifts o f clothing.

Among families of wage earners and clerical workers, the custom
of exchanging gifts of clothing at Christmas, birthdays, or other
special occasions is quite extensive. If such presents were paid for
from family funds and exchanged within the economic family they
were not recorded as gifts, but simply as clothing expenses of the
family. If, however, gifts were received from persons outside the
family circle, an attempt was made to ascertain their value. Fiftythree percent of the families at the low economic level, 49 percent at
the intermediate level, and 46 percent at the high reported receiving
them. Their value averaged between $8 and $10. Since some of the
families receiving gifts could not estimate the value, the above figures
do not give a complete account of this item.
Clothing expenditures fo r men and hoys.

The total clothing expenditures per person decreased from $53 for
men and boys 18 years and over through each age group 1 to $17 for
3
boys aged 2 to 5 years. Such a relationship between average expen­
ditures and age is observed at each of the three economic levels
studied. Within each age group, however, the average expenditure
per person doubled from the low to the high economic level.1
2
When clothing expenditures of the men and boys are summarized
according to expenditures for headwear, outerwear, underwear, foot­
wear, and miscellaneous items (see table 20), it appears that expendi­
tures for outerwear (which has been defined to include shirts as well
as suits, trousers, overcoats, jackets, sweaters, and similar items) and
for footwear (defined to include hose of all types, shoes, slippers,
12
T h ro u g h o u t th e b u lle tin eco n om ic le v e l is d efin ed as th e am o u n t sp en t per year per e x p e n d itu r e u n it,
or th e a m o u n t of a n n u a l u n it ex p en d itu re. F or each of th e ta b les sh o w in g d eta ils of exp en d itu res, as m a n y
eco n om ic le v e ls h a v e b een sh o w n as th e n u m b er of cases a n d ty p e of d a ta for each pa rticu lar ta b le w o u ld
a llo w . S ince clo th in g exp en d itu res are sh o w n b y sex an d age groups as w e ll as b y eco n o m ic le v e l, o n ly
th ree su ch lev els are p resen ted for ta b le 17 of th e tab u la r su m m a ry . T h e y are: U n d er $400, $400 to $600,
an d $600 an d ov er. T h e age grou p s sh o w n for each sex in th e ta b u la tio n of item s of c lo th in g p u rch ased are:
18 y ea rs of age an d ov er, 12 th ro u gh 17 y ea rs, 6 th ro u g h 11 years, an d 2 th ro u gh 5 years. P u rch a ses for ch il­
dren u n d er 2 years old are sh o w n w ith o u t regard to sex.
T h e age groups d istin g u ish ed for th is ta b le are: 18 years an d over, 12 th ro u gh 17 years, 6 th ro u gh 11
y e a rs, an d 2 th ro u gh 5 years.




59

EXPENDITURES FOR SPECIFIED G O S
OD
Fig. 9.

DISTRIBUTION OF ANNUAL CLOTHING
EXPENDITURES FOR INDIVIDUALS IN FAM ILIES
AT SU C C E SS IV E ECONOMIC L E V E L S
EIGHT CITIES IN THE EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

1934

-

1936

WHITE FAMILIES
ITEM

D0LLARS

ECONOMIC L E V E L
/ANNUAL AMOUNT SPENT
P E R EXPENDITURE UNIT)

^ g^ U N O E R

$400

B B B I $ 4 0 0 uftS&t $ 6 0 0

^■$600

0

U .S . BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




10

DOLLARS
20

30

40

ano

OVER

60

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

rubbers, and overshoes) required from 75 to 84 percent of the total
spent by each age group. The percentage of total expenditure going
to outerwear for all boys up to 17 years of age was larger at the high
level than at the low. In the case of footwear, the reverse was found
to be true. On the other hand, within each age class, the group of
miscellaneous items including ties and cleaning and repairing ac­
counted for an increasing proportion of total clothing expenditure
with rise in economic level. This group of items received a decreas­
ing proportion of the total from the higher to the lower age groups.
T

able

20 . —

D istrib u tio n o f a nnual clothing expenditure f o r in d ivid u a ls in fa m ilie s ,
at successive econ om ic levels, 1 year d u rin g the p eriod 1 9 3 4 —8 6

[M en an d b o y s in w h ite fam ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers, in 8 cities com b in ed ]

Sex, age group, an d ty p e of
cloth in g

M e n an d b o y s 18 years of age an d
over:
H e a d w e a r.
__ __ _________
O u terw ear . . .
____
U n d erw ea r.
____ _
F o o tw ea r. _
_____
M iscella n eo u s ite m s.
____
T o ta l..
_ _ _ _ _ ____
B o y s 12 th ro u g h 17 years of age:
H e a d w e a r. _
__ _
_____
O u terw ear _
_
______
U n d erw ea r. _ ______ . . . . . .
F o o tw e a r ...
_ _ . . . _ __
M iscella n eo u s ite m s.
_____
T o ta l.. _
____ _ _____
B o y s 6 th ro u g h 11 years of age:
H ea d w ea r______ __ _ . . . . . . . . .
O u terw ear___ _______ ______ ______
U n d erw ea r. ___________ ____
F ootw ea r _ __________
_____
M iscella n eo u s i t e m s . ______ _____
T o ta l___
_________________
B o y s 2 th rou gh 5 years of age:
H ea d w ea r.
____ _ _ __ _ _
O u terw ear. __
______ __ ______
U n d erw ear _
F o otw ea r ._
M iscella n eo u s ite m s.
. . . __
T o t a l...
__ _ _ __ . . . _

A ll
fam i­
lies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m i­
lies w ith an n u al u n it
exp en d itu re of—
U n d er
$400

$400
to
$600

$600
and
over

$2.45
27. 46
3.56
12. 27
7.18
52.92

$1.46
18.10
2.45
9.3 2
3.89
35.22

$2.43
26. 09
3.43
12.11
6.70

$3.61
40. 52
5. 09
15.93
11.72

50.76

1.08
20.18
2. 32
11.96
2.83
38. 37

.81
15.54
1.91
10.16
1.95
30.37

.62
10. 73
1.99
10. 55
1.48
25.37
.28
7. 39
2. 06
6.91
.77
17.41

A ll
fam i­
lies

P ercen t

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m i­
lies w ith a n n u a l u n it
exp en d itu re of—
U n d er
$400

$400
to
$600

$600
an d
over

P ercen t

4.1
51.4
7 .0
26.5
11.0
100.0

P ercen t

76.87

4 .6
51.9
6.7
23.2
13.6
100.0

100.0

100.0

1.36
24.97
2. 89
13.90
3.58
46.70

2.05
36.91
3.63
18.00
6.53
67.12

2.8
52.6
6.0
31.2
7.4
100.0

2 .7
51.1
6.3
33.5
6.4
100.0

2.9
53.4
6 .2
29.8
7 .7
100.0

3 .1
55.0
5 .4
26.8
9 .7
100.0

.45
8. 55
1.49
8.64
1.01
20.14

.77
13.15
2. 67
13.30
1.92
31.81

1.59
20.13
3.86
16.13
3.8 2
45.53

2 .4
42.3
7.9
41.6
5.8
100.0

2 .2
42.5
7.4
42.9
5.0
100.0

2 .4
41.4
8 .4
41.8
6 .0
100.0

3 .5
44.2
8 .5
35.4
8 .4
100.0

.23
4.81
1.36
5. 22
.43
12.05

.38
9.97
2. 70
8. 74
1.07
22.86

.33
13.73
3.86
10. 43
1.60
29.95

1.6
42.5
11.8
39.7
4.4
100.0

1.9
39.9
11.3
43.3
3 .6
100.0

1.7
43.6
11.8
38.2
4 .7

1.1
45.9
12.9
34.8
5.3
100.0

4 .8
51.3
6 .8
23.9
13.2

100.0

P ercen t

4 .7
52.8
6 .6
20.7
15.2

Shoes were purchased by a larger proportion of men and boys
aged 18 and over than any other single item of clothing. At the low
economic level, the average was about 1.4 pairs of street shoes per
person purchasing, at an average price of about $3.55 per pair, as
contrasted with 1.7 pairs at a price of approximately $5 at the high
economic level. Cotton shirts were the item next most frequently




EXPENDITURES FOR SPECIFIED G O S
OD

61

purchased at the low economic level. Garments which have a
relatively short period of wear, such as ties and cotton hose, were
third.
Wool suits claimed the largest proportion of each dollar spent for
clothing by men and boys in this age group. At the low economic
level, they were purchasing either a heavy or a light-weight wool suit
about once in 3 years and paying on the average between $21 and $25
per suit. At the high level, one in three men bought a heavy wool
suit and a light-weight wool suit, indicating that on the average a
man at that level was getting a new heavy or light-weight suit once
every year and a half. The average price paid at this level was about
$30 for a heavy suit and $26 for a light-weight suit. Overcoats
represented the next greatest expenditure. They were purchased by
one in eight men at the low economic level, or the group was buying
at the rate of a new overcoat for each man once in 8 years. The
average price paid for these coats was about $20. At the high level,
the group was buying overcoats at the rate of a new coat every 5
years, at an average price of $26.
At the low level about 50 percent of the men and boys aged 18
years and over availed themselves of cleaning and repairing services,
at an average expenditure per man using such services of $2.20 per
year. At the high level, these figures were 81 percent and $6.
Clothing expenditures fo r women and girls.

Clothing expenditures for women and girls were, in general, similar
to those for men and boys but, in almost all groups, higher. Thus,
men over 18 averaged $53, while women averaged $59. It is also
significant that women make greater adjustments in their clothing
expenditures than men. Thus, women in families at the lowest
economic level surveyed spent 39 percent less than the average, while
men in the same group spent 33 percent less. Apparently the econ­
omies inevitable at the low level made it necessary for women who
stayed at home to depart further from the clothing standards of their
group than the men who went out to work. On the other hand,
women in the highest economic group surveyed spent 53 percent more
than the average while men in this group spent 45 percent more.
Average expenditures per person were less for children than adults,
ranging from $59 for women and girls 18 years of age and over to
$17 for girls aged 2 to 5 years. Expenditures declined consistently for
the lower age groups. Amounts spent for girls 2 through 5 years were
slightly over 33 percent of those of the women and girls 18 years of
age and over at the low level, and 35 percent at the intermediate and
high levels.
A summary of the clothing expenditures of women and girls by
type of clothing purchased is presented in table 21. The distribution




62

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

of clothing expenditures among garments of different types was
similar to that of men and boys. A larger percentage was devoted to
headwear, underwear, and footwear by the women and girls, however,
and a smaller percentage to outerwear. Expenditures for outerwear
and footwear again accounted for about 75 percent of the total clothing
expenditures of each age group. For each age group, the percentage
for outerwear was larger at the high economic level, and that for
footwear smaller.
Expenditures for underwear accounted for 10 to 13 percent of the
total expenditure for each of the age groups. Little variation with
economic level was shown in the proportion of expenditures going for
underwear for the oldest group. The proportion spent for underwear
increased at the high level for girls at each age interval. Miscel­
laneous expenditures, representing on the average between 9 and 5
percent of total expenditures, increased markedly with rise in economic
level. Expenditures for headwear averaged about $3, or 6 percent of
total clothing expenditures for women and girls 18 years of age and
over, and decreased through each age group to an average of 34 cents,
or about 2 percent, for little girls 2 through 5 years of age.
Shoes and silk hose were the items purchased by larger proportions
of women and girls aged 18 and over than any other single item of
clothing. Silk hose ranked first and shoes second at both the low
and high economic levels. Felt hats were purchased by the third
largest number of women at both low and high levels.
The item which accounted for the largest proportion of the dollar
spent for clothing by women and girls 18 and over was shoes at the
low level and silk and rayon dresses at the high. At the low economic
level 16 cents, and'at the high level 12 cents, of the average woman’s
clothing dollar was spent for shoes. At the low and high economic
levels, respectively, the following percentages of the women studied
had expenditures for the indicated types of shoes, and the average
prices paid were as shown.
L o w eco n om ic le v e l H ig h eco n om ic le v e l
Type

S treet sh o es_______ ______ _ ______ _ _
__ __________ __
D r ess sh o es____ __ ______________ __ _ _ _ __________________
Sp ort sh o es___ __ ______________ __
_____________________

P ercen t­ A verage
age
price
78
26
16

$3
3

2

P ercen t­ A verage
age
p rice
84
39
24

$4
4
3

At the low economic level, an average of seven pairs of hose per
year were purchased by 80 percent of the women. The average price
per pair was 67 cents. At the high level, the corresponding figures
increased to 13 pairs for 92 percent of the women, at an average price
of 80 cents. Approximately half of the women at the low economic




63

EXPENDITURES FOR SPECIFIED G O S
OD

level bought rayon or silk dresses, and paid on the average $4.81 per
dress. This may be contrasted with three-fourths of the women at
the high level who spent distinctly more, an average of $7 per dress.
T

able

2 1 . — Distribution

of annual clothing expenditure for individuals in families,
at successive economic levels, 1 year during the period 1984-86

[W o m en an d girls in w h ite fam ilies of w age earners an d clerical w orkers in 8 cities com b in ed ]

Sex, age group, an d ty p e of cloth in g

A ll
fam i­
lies

W o m en an d girls 18 years of age and
over:
$3.41
H ea d w ea r________________________
O u terw ear_________ ___ . _______ 26.31
U n d e rw e a r_______ __ _ __ _ 7.11
F o o tw ea r______________
- ____ 17. 51
5. 07
M iscella n eo u s ite m s ______________
T o ta l_____________________________ 59. 41
G irls 12 th ro u g h 17 y ea rs of age:
H e a d w e a r .______ _______ __ __ 1. 79
O u terw ear__________ _______ __ __ 17.14
U n d e rw e a r . ______ __ . . . ------ 4.20
F o o tw ea r____________________ __ ._ 16. 31
2. 68
M iscella n eo u s ite m s______
42.12
T o ta l_____________________________
G irls 6 th ro u gh 11 years of age:
H e a d w e a r ------ ---------------------------O u terw ear_________________________
U n d erw ear __ ______ __ . . .
F o o tw ea r ___ . . . _____ . . . .
.
M iscella n eo u s ite m s______________
T o ta l______. . . ________ . . .
G irls 2 th ro u g h 5 years of age:
H e a d w e a r ________ ._ . . . . ._
O u terw ear------- -------------------------U n d e rw e a r_________________ ______
F o o tw ea r________________ . . . . .
M iscella n eo u s ite m s. _________
T o ta l_______________ __ . . . - -

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ­
ilies w ith an n u al u n it
exp en d itu re of—
U n d er $400 to
$400
$600

$600
an d
over

P ercen t

U n d er $400 to
$400
$600

P ercen t

P ercen t

$600
an d
ov er
P ercen t

91.10

100.0

100.0

100.0

5 .8
46.3
11.6
26.4
9 .9
100.0

2. 48
22. 61
5.90
21.60
4.10
56.69

2.98
32.86
7.89
22.29
5.41

4 .2
40 .7
10.0
38.7
6 .4

4 .1
40 .2
9 .4
40.9
5.4

4 .4
39.9
10.4
38.1
7 .2

4 .2
46 .0
11.0
31 .2
7.6

71.43

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

.4 7
6. 33
1.98
8. 30
.8 2
17.90

.8 6
14.39
3. 61
13. 62
2.03
34. 51

1.18
20. 96
5.50
15. 65
3. 82
47.11

2 .6
39.7
10.9
41.1
5.7
100.0

2 .6
35.4
11.1
46.3
4 .6
100.0

2 .5
41 .7
10.5
39 .4
5 .9

2 .5
44 .5
11.7
33 .2
8 .1

100.0

100.0

.23
4. 58
1.42
5. 50
.41
12.14

.41
7. 77
2. 81
7. 76
1.04
19.79

.7 2
15. 03
4.44
10.04
1.97
32.20

2 .0
40.0
13.0
40.3
4 .7
100.0

1.9
37.7
11.7
45.3
3 .4
100.0

2.1
39.2
14.2
39.2
5.3
100.0

2 .2
46 .7
13.8
31 .2
6 .1
100.0

$2.08
15. 78
4. 36
11.83
2. 31
36. 36

$3.18
23. 66
6.90
17. 54
4. 55
55. 83

1. 32
12.84
2. 99
13. 07
1.71
31.93

.67
10. 31
2. 82
10. 68
1.49
25. 97
.34
6. 67
2.17
6. 71
.78
16. 67

$5. 29
42.12
10. 61
24. 06
9.02

A ll
fa m i­
lies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ­
ilies w ith an n u al u n it
exp en d itu re of—

5 .7
44.3
12.0
29.5
8 .5

5 .7
43.4
12.0
32.5
6.4

5.7
42.4
12.4
31.4
8 .1

Occupational differences in clothing expenditures.

An analysis of the relative effect of occupation and social environ­
ment on clothing expenditures has been made for all white persons
studied in the 8 East North Central cities and 34 other cities combined.
The total clothing expenditures of men and women engaged in clerical
work were contrasted with the expenditures of those in manual work
and those at home without gainful employment, and of boys and girls
at school, after elimination of any effect upon those differences which
might be due to differing incomes or family composition. (See
appendix G, pp. 433 to 436.)
Among the employed workers under 21, for both men and women,
differences between average expenditures for clothing by wage earners
and by clerical workers were negligible. Among older men and




64

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

women, however, the expenditures of clerical workers were consistently
greater than those of wage earners with similar incomes. The differ­
ences varied for men from 7 percent in the group aged 21 to 24 years
to 15 percent in the group aged 27 to 30. The greater expenditure by
clerical workers than wage earners for clothing was less pronounced
for women than for men up to the twenty-seventh year, but there­
after was much more pronounced for women, reaching a maximum
difference of 44 percent in the age group 42 to 48.
Average clothing expenditures of men and women at home without
gainful employment were substantially lower than those of employed
individuals. Among the men, expenditures of clerical workers ex­
ceeded those of men at home by 38 percent or more for the groups
aged 15 to 21, and by 100 percent or more for the groups aged 21 to 60.
For women, the comparable figures are somewhat less striking, 15
percent for the group aged 15 to 18, and from 52 to 78 percent for the
groups from 18 to 60 years of age. The fact that it is more custom­
ary for adult women to be at home without gainful employment than
for adult men, whereas most of the men found in this situation were
involuntarily at home because of unemployment, probably explains
this very low level of clothing expenditure for unemployed men at
home.
Clothing expenditures for boys aged 15 to 21 at school were onefifth to one-fourth greater than those of unemployed boys at home of
the same age, but were in turn exceeded by 13 percent or more by
clothing expenditures of clerical workers in the same sex-age group.
Girls at school aged 15 to 18 spent 7 percent more than girls at home,
but girl clerical workers of that age spent 7 percent more than the
school girls. At the next age level, 18 to 21, girl clerical workers
spent 25 percent more than school girls, who in turn spent 22 percent
more than girls at home.
At every age level, in comparable occupational categories, the
women spent more for clothing than did men, the average expendi­
ture for women clerical workers aged 24 to 27 being 45 percent greater
than that for men clerical workers of the same age, and the difference
in the age group 36 to 42 for the same occupations being 57 percent.
Women wage earners aged 24 to 27 spent 46 percent more for clothing
than men wage earners of the same age, and in the age group 36 to
42 the difference was 23 percent.
The relationships discussed in the foregoing paragraphs may be
seen graphically in the ensuing charts, figure A.1
4
u T h e d a ta on w h ich th ese ch arts are b a sed are sh o w n in a p p en d ix G , tab le D , p . 433.




65

EXPENDITURES FOR SPECIFIED G O S
OD

ESTIMATED ANNUAL CLOTHING EXPENDITURES
BY PERSONS OF DIFFERENT AGE, SEX, AND OCCUPATION
42 CITIES COMBINED
1.00 ■ $56.68

0

2

6

9

12

15

18

21

24

27

30

36

42

48

AGE

AGE

•AFTER ELIMINATING THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENCES IN FAMILY
SIZE AND INCOME. BASED ON DATA FROM WHITE FAMILIES.

U. S. BUREAU OF LA80B- STATISTICS




54

60

66

66

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

Transport at i on
The average animal cost of transportation by trolley, bus, automo­
bile, train, boat, or other means of conveyance for all families in the
cities studied ranged from $131 in Cincinnati to $178 in Indianapolis.
Expenditures of all sorts for automobiles accounted for $83 of the total
in Cincinnati, $149 in Indianapolis, and from 72 to 93 percent of the
total in the remaining cities. Of the balance going to all means of
transportation other than automobile, the largest portion, except in
Lansing, went to trolley fares, used principally for carrying earners to
work and children to school. The proportion of families using the
Fig. 10.

PROPORTION OF FAMILIES OF WAGE EARNERS AND
LOWER SALARIED CLERICAL WORKERS OWNING
AUTOMOBILES AT SUCCESSIVE ECONOMIC LEVELS
GRAND RAPIDS, 1934-1935
ECONOMIC LEVELS
(am ount sp e n t p e r
EXPEN DITU RE U N IT )

100

ALL FAMILIES

UNDER

$300

$300uhp? $400
r
$400 UNDER$500
$500 o o r$700
n6
$700

OVER

U .S . BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTIC S

trolleys was greatest in Cleveland, where 93 percent reported expendi­
tures for this item, and least in Grand Rapids, where 51 percent of the
families reported no trolley expense. There are no trolleys in Lansing,
but 54 percent of Lansing families made expenditures for local bus
fares. Average expenditure for all forms of transportation other than
by automobile and trolley, including local bus, taxi, bicycle, railroad,
interurban bus, boat, or airplane was relatively small.
In all cities studied in this region, expenditures for transportation
showed a sharp increase at the higher economic levels as compared
with the lower, more than doubling in each city. The chief factor
in this was the automobile, since the average expenditures for all other




67

EXPENDITURES EO SPECIFIED G O S
R
OD

forms of transportation were approximately the same at all economic
levels.
The sharp increase in expenditures for automobile maintenance and
operation at higher economic levels is indicated in table 22. Not
only did the percentage of families owning automobiles rise markedly,
but the amount spent for operation and maintenance also showed a
substantial increase. In all the cities but Cincinnati and Columbus,
at the higher economic levels a larger proportion of funds spent for
automobile operation and maintenance went for garage rent and park­
ing fees, repairs, insurance, and tires and tubes. At the lower levels, a
somewhat smaller proportion of the funds devoted to operation and
maintenance was spent for items other than gasoline, oil, and garage,
suggesting that these families made at least part of the repairs on their
automobiles themselves.
The proportion of families purchasing automobiles within the
schedule year (table 13 of Tabular Summary) was naturally much
smaller than the proportion owning cars. Six percent or less pur­
chased new cars during the schedule year, while second-hand cars
were bought by 20 percent in Indianapolis, and, except in Cincinnati
where the percentage was only 6, the remaining cities showed from
8 to 13 percent of families buying second-hand cars.
T

able

2 2 . — Expenditures for automobile operation and maintenance for automobile
owners, at successive economic levels, 1 year during the period 1934-36
[W h ite fam ilies o f w a g e earners an d clerical w orkers]

Ite m

A ll fam ilies

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s w ith
a n n u a l u n it ex p en d itu re of—
U n d er $400 $400 to $600

$600 an d
over

C in c in n a ti

N u m b e r of fam ilies in s u r v e y ____ ____________
P ercen tage of fam ilies o w n in g a u to m o b ile s____________
E x p en d itu re for a u to m o b ile m a in ten a n ce an d operation:
A verage am o u n t per fa m ily o w n in g a u to m o b ile ____
P ercen ta ge for—
G asolin e an d o il______ - _________________ __ _
G arage ren t a n d p a r k in g .__ _______ ___________
O th er________ _______ __ . -------------------------------

352
37.2
$127
63.9
9 .5
26.6

103
29.1
$91
63.7
13.1
23.2

143
31.5
$119
63.9
9.3
26.8

106
52.8
$151
64.1
8 .4
27.5

490
60.8
$126
66.6
4 .5
28.9

117
39.3
$91
67 .0
2.6
30.4

189
58.7
$111
69 .0
4 .7
26.3

184
76.6
$149
65 .0
4 .8
30 .2

266
64.3
$103
70.2
2 .2
27,6

103
52.4
$84
67.7
2.3
30.0

95
72.6
$113
71.1
1.8
27.1

68
70.6
$110
71.3
2.5
26.2

C le v e la n d

N u m b e r o f fam ilies in su r v e y ____________________________
P ercen ta ge o f fam ilies o w n in g a u to m o b ile s_______ ______
E x p en d itu r e for a u to m o b ile m a in ten a n ce an d op eration:
A verage am o u n t per fa m ily o w n in g a u to m o b ile____
P ercen ta ge for—
G asolin e an d o il________________ _______ ___________
G arage ren t an d p a rk in g __________________________
O th er_______________________________________________
C o lu m b u s

N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y -------- -------------- _ _ _ _ _ _ _
P ercen ta ge of fam ilies o w n in g a u to m o b ile s. _______ . .
E x p en d itu re for a u to m o b ile m a in ten a n ce an d operation:
A verage a m o u n t per fa m ily o w n in g a u to m o b ile____
P ercen ta ge for—
G asolin e an d oil ------- ------------------------- - - - -G arage ren t an d p a rk in g -------- . ----------------------O th er-------------- ------------------- ----------- --------------- - - -




68

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T able 22. — E x p en d itu res f o r autom obile op era tion a nd m a in ten a n ce f or a utom obile
o w n ers , at successive econom ic levels , 1 yea r d u rin g the p eriod 1 9 3 4 - 3 6 —Continued

[W h ite fam ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]

Ite m

A ll fam ilies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F am ilies w ith a n ­
n u a l u n it e x p en d itu re of—
U n d er $400 $400 to $600

$600 an d
over

D etro it

N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y _______ _____________ __
P ercen ta ge of fam ilies o w n in g a u to m o b iles _ _ _ __
E x p en d itu r e for a u to m o b ile m a in ten a n ce an d op eration:
A verage a m o u n t per fa m ily o w n in g a u to m o b ile ____
P ercen ta ge for—
G asolin e an d o il________________________ ________
G arage ren t an d p a rk in g ________________
__. _
O th er______ ___________ _ __ __
_ --------------

598
68.7
$120
67.9
1.9
30.2

176
55.1
$82

194
75.3
$115
59.9
2 .7
37.4

222
73.0
$116
68.1
2.4
29.5

200
76.0
$149
66.0
1.9
32.1

86
67.4
$96
61.2
3 .0
35.8

74
79. 7
$121

34
85.3
$142

60.4
2.6
37.0

57.7
2.3
40.0

203
61.6
$126
64.9
1.8
33.3

75
49.3
$88
68.6
1.3
30.1

70
60.0
$111
68.5
.8
30.7

58
79.3
$171
61.3
2 .6
36.1

145
69.7
$109
61.0
1.6
37.4

58
55.2
$83
66.5
0
33.5

48
77.1
$103
58.2
2.8
39.0

39
82.1
$142
60.1
1.5
38 .4

446
49.6
$111
58.1
8 .6
33.3

121
36.4
$83
63.8
5.1
31.1

182
47.3
$97
61.1
7.2
31.7

143
63.6
$138
54.3
10.6
35.1

72.5
.8
26.7

G ra n d R a p id s

N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y ____ ____________ __________
P ercen ta ge of fam ilies o w n in g a u to m o b ile s- ___ _______
E x p en d itu re for a u to m o b ile m a in ten a n ce an d op eration:
A verage a m o u n t per fa m ily o w n in g a u to m o b ile____
P ercen ta ge for—
G asolin e an d o il---------------------------_ _ __
G arage ren t an d p a rk in g -------------------------------------O th er_______________________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis

N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y ____________________ __ ___
P ercen ta ge of fam ilies o w n in g a u to m o b ile s. _ _ _ _ _ _
E x p en d itu re for au to m o b ile m a in ten a n ce a n d op eration:
A verage a m o u n t per fa m ily o w n in g a u to m o b ile ____
P ercen ta ge for—
G asolin e an d o il---------------------------------- --------- -_
G arage ren t an d p ark in g_______ ____________ ___
O th e r .________ __________ _______ _______________ __
L a n sin g

N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y ___________ ___________ ___
P ercen ta ge of fam ilies o w n in g a u to m o b iles _______ _ _ _
E x p en d itu r e for au to m o b ile m a in ten a n ce an d op eration:
A verage a m o u n t per fa m ily o w n in g a u to m o b ile____
P ercen ta ge for—
G asolin e an d oil__. -------------- ----------------------------G arage ren t an d p a rk in g -------------------- _ ___ __ _
O th er_______________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e

N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y ------- ----------------------------------P ercen ta ge of fam ilies o w n in g a u to m o b ile s. _______ ___
E x p en d itu re for au to m o b ile m a in ten a n ce an d op eration:
A verage a m o u n t per fa m ily o w n in g a u to m o b ile____
P ercen ta ge for—
G asolin e a n d o il__________ ________ ______________
G arage ren t an d p a rk in g _________________________
O th er______ _________________________________________

Expenditures for automobile purchase, new and second-hand,
averaged $290 per car in Grand Rapids and $405 in Cincinnati.
Such expenditures for the remaining six cities averaged about $300.
These averages are computed by dividing the aggregate amount spent
for automobiles by the number of families purchasing them. The
figures include amounts still due on automobiles purchased during the
schedule year, but payments on those purchased in previous years
are not treated as automobile expense in this report, but as reduction
of outstanding liabilities, (See appendix A, p. 380.)




69

EXPENDITURES FO SPECIFIED G O S
R
OD
Recreation

The largest proportion of total expenditures for items classified
under the general heading of recreation in each of these eight cities
went to tobacco, principally in the form of cigarettes, the amounts per
family averaging $20 in Grand Rapids and $32 in Cincinnati. (See the
Tabular Summary, table 15.) The second largest item of recreation
expenditure in all cities was movies, and the third was newspapers
delivered at home, except in Lansing, where newspaper expenditures
exceeded those for movies. Outlays for all types of reading matter
combined equaled or exceeded total expenditures for movies in each
city except Cincinnati; they were confined almost exclusively to news­
papers and magazines, with a very small amount going for purchase
or rental of books. The proportion of white families reporting any
expenditure for books other than school books varied from 2.2 per­
cent in Milwaukee to 10 percent in Detroit and Grand Rapids. The
proportion purchasing magazines was larger, varying from 37.2 per­
cent in Cincinnati to 66.5 percent in Grand Rapids. Recreational
equipment of various sorts, such as cameras and films, athletic supplies,
and radios and other musical instruments, accounts for average expen­
ditures of $13 in five cities, $16 in Grand Rapids, $17 in Cleveland,
and $19 in Detroit.
T

able

23.— Radio ownership and purchase, at successive economic levels, 1 year
during the period 1934-36
[W h ite fam ilies of w ag e earners and clerical w orkers in 8 cities com bined]

Item

A ll fam ilies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies w ith
an n u al u n it exp en d itu re of—
U n d er $400 $400 to $600

N u m b e r of fam ilies in s u r v e y ___ __ _ ___ __________
P ercen ta ge of fam ilies:
O w n in g r a d i o s _ ____________ _ _ ___________ ___ _
P u rch a sin g radios _ ___ __ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ ___ ._
A verage a m o u n t p a id for radio per fa m ily p u r c h a sin g -_

2, 694
74.3
12.6
$52

839
68.6
11.8
$41

1,023
74.5
10.2
$55

$600 and
over
832
79.7
16.5
$58

Total amounts spent per family for recreation increased about two­
fold from low to high economic levels in all cities. The items which
showed relatively greatest increases were radio purchase (table 23),
tobacco, and movies, which in several cities were at least 50 percent
greater at the higher economic levels than at the lower. Expenditures
for reading matter as a whole increased moderately from low to high
levels, but those for magazines more than doubled in most cities.
Personal Care

Expenditures for personal care, which accounted for about 2 percent
of total expenditures at each economic level in all eight cities, include




70

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

outlays for such services as haircuts, shaves, shampoos, and mani­
cures, and for toilet articles and preparations such as brushes and
cosmetics. These expenditures increased about 1% times from the
lowest to the highest plane of living, and were about equally divided
at each level between personal care services and toilet articles and
preparations.
Of each dollar spent for personal care services, haircuts, the most
frequently purchased item, accounted for about 60 to 70 cents, and
permanent waves, the next item, took between 13 and 17 cents.
While expenditures for these items remained relatively constant
from economic level to economic level, the amount spent for shaves
by barbers and for shampoos increased manyfold from the lowest to
the highest plane.
Not only do as large a proportion of the families at the lowest
economic level as at the highest report expenditures for toilet soap,
tooth powder, tooth paste, brushes, and other toilet articles, but also
the average expenditure per family for such articles remains about the
same. In contrast to this consistency, the expenditures per family
for cosmetics and toilet preparations almost double from the lowest
to the highest economic level.
In connection with these relatively constant expenditures per
family, it is to be recalled that families at the higher economic levels
are smaller than those at the lower levels. Average expenditure for
personal care per person more than doubled from low to high economic
levels.
Medical Care

A consistent increase in the amount spent for medical care per
family from the lowest to the highest economic levels occurred in
each of the eight cities in the East North Central region. (See table
24.) This tendency, combined with the decreasing size of family
with rise in economic level, yields considerably more adequate care
for the health of each person in the family at the upper planes. The
actual average expenditure per person for medical care more than
trebles in one-half of the cities from the lowest to the highest economic
level, and more than doubles in the other half, where the figure is
$35 or less for families spending $600 and over per expenditure unit.
Even this figure, however, compares unfavorably with the $76 esti­
mated by Samuel Bradbury and accepted by the Technical Committee
on Medical Care as needed to provide the fundamentals of good medi­
cal care on a fee-for-service basis.1
5
is S a m u el B rad b u ry , C ost of A d e q u a te M ed ica l C are, p p . 52-53. C h icago, U n iv e r sity of C h icago P ress,
1937. A lso In terd ep a rtm en ta l C o m m itte e to C oo rd in ate H e a lth an d W elfare A c tiv itie s, T e c h n ic a l C om ­
m itte e on M ed ica l Care, “ T o w a rd B e tte r N a tio n a l H e a lth ,” p . 25. W a sh in g to n , 1939.




E X P E N D IT U R E S

T

able

2 4 .

FOR SPECIFIED

71

GOODS

— Expenditures for medical care, at successive economic levels, 1 year during
the period 1934-86
[W h ite fa m ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]

C ity an d eco n o m ic lev el

C in c in n a ti

A verage
N u m b e r of n u m b er of
fam ilies p erson s per
fa m ily

A verage
ex p e n d i­
tu re for
m ed ica l
care per
p erson

A verage
ex p en d i­
tu re for
m ed ical
care per
fa m ily

A ll fa m ilies____ _____ _ ___________________ _
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u al u n it ex p en d itu re of—
U n d er $300________________ _ _ ____
_ __ __
$300 to $400____________________
_ _
______
$400 to $500______________________________________________
$500 to $600______________________________________________
$600 to $700______________________________________________
$700 an d o v er________ _____________________________ _

352
31
72
88
55
42
64

3. 37
5. 44
4.0 0
3. 29
2. 94
2. 82
2.50

$15
6
10
13
21
19
29

$52
32
41
44
63
53
73

A ll fa m ilie s___ ______________________ _ ____________ __ __
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u al u n it exp en d itu re of—
U n d er $300____________________________________ _______
$300 to $400__________________________________ ___________
$400 to $500______________________________________________
$500 to $600______________________________________________
$600 to $700______________________________________________
$700 to $800______________________________________________
$800 an d o v e r ____________ ________ ___ _____________

C le v e la n d

490
35
82
106
83
66
44
74

3. 46
5.50
4. 50
3. 74
3. 21
2. 79
2. 70
2.29

19
5
13
18
21
26
28
38

67
27
59
66
66
74
77
87

A ll fa m ilie s__________________________________________________
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al u n it e x p en d itu re of—
U n d er $300__________________________ ________________
$300 to $400______________________________________________
$400 to $600______________________________________________
$600 an d o v er____________________________ ____________

C o lu m b u s

266
48
55
95
68

3. 33
4. 82
3. 72
3. 03
2. 33

16
6
10
19
30

52
31
37
57
71

A ll fa m ilie s__________________________________________ ___
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al u n it exp en d itu re of—
U n d e r $300______________________________________________
$300 to $400______________________________________________
$400 to $500______________________________________________
$500 to $600______________________________________________
$600 to $700______________________________________________
$700 an d ov er_______________ ______________________ .

D etro it

598
75
101
122
100
76
124

3. 66
5. 79
4. 69
3. 72
3.17
2. 86
2. 37

18
7
9
16
23
34
36

66
39
42
60
72
97
84

A ll fa m ilie s_______________________ ______
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al u n it ex p en d itu re of—
U n d er $400______________________________________________
$400 to $600______________________________________________
$600 an d o v e r ____ _____ _______ _____________ _ _______

G ra n d R a p id s

194
86
74
34

3. 52
4. 42
3. 05
2. 29

15
7
21
30

51
33
65
68

A ll fa m ilie s--------------------------------------------------------------------------F a m ilie s w th a n n u a l u n it e x p en d itu re of—
U n d e r $400______________________________________________
$400 to $600______________________________________________
$600 an d o v er____________ ______ ______ _________________

In d ia n a p o lis

203
75
70
58

3. 42
4. 26
3. 35
2. 43

14
9
16
24

49
37
54
59

A ll fa m ilies_________________________________________________
F a m ilies w ith an n u al u n it exp en d itu re of—
U n d er $400______________________________________________
$400 to $600— ___________________________________________
$600 an d o v er___________________________________ _____

L a n sin g

145
58
48
39

3. 37
4. 33
3.00
2. 39

16
11

20
26

55
46
60
61

M ilw a u k e e

446
42
79
116
66
56
87

3. 54
5. 72
4.71
3. 52
3. 23
2.58
2. 32

18
6
12
16
21
24
40

64
34
57
55
68
63
94

A ll fa m ilie s----------------------------------------------------------------------F a m ilie s w ith a n n u al u n it ex p en d itu re of—
U n d e r $300______________________________________________
$300 to $400______________________________________________
$400 to $500______________________________________________
$500 to $600______________________________________________
$600 to $700______________________________________________
$700 an d o v er________ _______________________________

53485°— 40-




-6

72

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

Medicine and drugs were purchased by a larger proportion of fam­
ilies than any other form of medical care at all planes of living.
In general, at the lowest economic level the largest proportion of
expenditure for medical services per family was devoted to payment of
general practitioners and to dental care. These services were used
with the same relative frequency. While at the highest economic level
more families reported expenditures for dentists than for any other
type of service, the average outlay per family decreased in importance,
being preceded by amounts spent for specialists, as well as for the
general practitioner. The services of general practitioners were used
by about the same proportion of families at the lowest as at the highest
economic levels, but the average expenditures per family for these
services tended to increase. The families studied were usually more
likely to go to the offices of general practitioners for medical assistance
than to call these doctors to their homes, and the average expenditure
per family was slightly larger for the former type of service. Both the
proportion of families using, and the average expenditure per family
for specialists increased with rise in economic level.
At every economic level in each city, the proportion of families re­
porting payment for the use of clinic services is amazingly small, par­
ticularly in view of the fact that it is usual for clinics always to make
some very small charge, even to very poor families. The proportion
reporting such expenditure ranged from about 1 in 18 families in
Detroit to about 1 in 89 in Columbus. No families reported use of
clinic services in Indianapolis. The amount spent per family for this
purpose seems not to be a function of economic level, since there is no
discernible tendency of either increase or decrease in amount with
improvement in living plane. No figures were secured on the amount
of medical care received by these families without any money payment.
With the exception of Lansing, there is a distinct increase in the
expenditure per family for accident and health insurance with rise
in economic level. For all families studied, the average expenditure
per family varied between $2.50 in Cincinnati and $5.80 in Lansing.

Formal Education
If the investigation had been extended to cover all the goods and
services received without direct expense by the groups studied, a large
section of the schedule would have been devoted to the amount and
kinds of education provided by the city and by other agencies for
children and adults. Elementary school, high school, trade school,
classes in museums and libraries and in parks, free of immediate cost
to those who take advantage of them, are to a greater or less degree a
regular part of the life of all the eight cities covered by this report.
They are, of course, paid for by the citizens, but no figures have been




EXPENDITURES FO SPECIFIED G O S
R
OD

73

secured in the present study on the use of these educational facilities
by the group covered, or the indirect cost to this group of the city’s
educational system.
Direct expenditures for formal education, i. e., for textbooks, school
supplies, or tuition, occupy but an insignificant place in the expendi­
ture pattern of the families studied, accounting for less than 1 percent
of total expenditures in every group.
A function of the number of persons of school age in the various
families, these expenditures show no positive correlation with eco­
nomic level. In every city, the bulk of them, which varied between
averages of $5 and $9, were for members living at home. They in­
cluded all such items as books, pencils, paper, and supplies paid for by
the families.
The number of families reporting expenditures for members in
school away from home was four or less in all cities except Milwaukee,
where seven reported them.
Vocation

Expenditures for union dues or fees, professional association dues or
fees, technical literature, and similar items have been classified as
“ vocational expense.” In general, they increase sharply from the
lowest to the highest economic level, but the small numbers of cases
upon which the averages are based result in some irregularities in
movement. Of such expenditures, the largest part went for union
dues and fees, which averaged $5 or less except in Cincinnati, M il­
waukee, and Cleveland; they tended to increase from the lowest to
the highest economic level in all cities except Lansing and Milwaukee.
The number of families making expenditure for professional dues or
fees ranged from 1 in Indianapolis to 10 in Detroit.
Gifts and Contributions to Individuals and to Community Welfare
Agencies, and Direct Taxes

When the average amounts given directly to individuals are con­
trasted with contributions to community chests and other welfare
agencies, the families’ close contact with individuals in need is em­
phasized, as well as the generosity of their response (see table 25).
For each of the eight cities except Grand Rapids, the amounts con­
tributed to religious organizations and community chests, and paid
in personal taxes, are uniformly less than are gifts and contributions
to the support of relatives and other persons outside the economic
family. The latter expenditures are not only greater, on the average,
but increase much more rapidly from the lowest to the highest
economic level.
The amount spent per family in gifts and contributions to individu­
als varied from an average of $20 in Milwaukee to $30 in Cleveland,




74

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REG N
IO

as compared with $18 for contributions to welfare agencies and taxes
in each of these two cities.
In all cities, gifts to religious organizations constituted the bulk of
the outlay for community welfare. The proportion of families
making such contributions remained relatively constant from eco­
nomic level to economic level, while the average actual contribution
tended to increase slightly.
Amounts paid in direct poll, income, and personal property taxes
were negligible, ranging from zero in Columbus to $8.50 in Indian­
apolis. These variations are due in part to differences in the laws of
the various states at the time covered by the investigations. Taxes
on real estate and sales taxes are not included in these averages.
Although separate figures were obtained for taxes on real estate, they
were entered with expenditures for housing. It was impossible to
secure complete figures on amounts paid in sales tax, and in conse­
quence they have been combined with expenditures for the items on
which they were paid.
Christmas and birthday gifts constitute the major proportion of all
expenditures for contributions to persons outside the economic family
at the lowest plane of living, but are about equal in size to contribu­
tions for support of relatives at the highest.
Miscellaneous Items

In general, expenditures for all miscellaneous items increase rapidly
from the lowest to the highest economic levels, but due to the small
numbers of families reporting on the individual items, great irregu­
larities appear. Expenditures for funerals were reported by no
families in Lansing, and by a maximum number of 13 in Cleveland.
Legal costs and gardens were the other outstanding items in this
group of expenditures, averaging usually less than a dollar per family,
and moving in no distinct direction with rise in economic level.
T able 25.— Percentage of total expenditures for community welfare and gifts and

contributions going to various items, 1 year during the period 1934-36
[White families of wage earners and clerical workers]
Item
Number of families in survey.
Total expenditures for com­
munity welfare and gifts
and contributions __
Percentage of expenditures
for community welfare
and gifts and contributions.
Religious organizations..
Community chest. ___
Taxes 1
______
__
_
Christmas, birthday,
etc., gifts... ______
Support of relatives___
Support of other persons.

Cincin­
nati

Cleve­
land

352

490

266

598

194

203

145

446

$41

$48

$37

$41

$46

$50

$40

$38

100.0
38.9
5.2
.4

100.0
27.8
9.1
.1

100.0
25.2
9.5
0

100.0
32.0
4.9
.1

100.0
45.3
5.1
.2

100.0
25.9
5.0
17.3

100.0
25.9
5.6
.4

100.0
39.4
6.4
1.0

36.3
18.0
1.2

35.9
24.7
2.4

33.3
28.1
3.9

35.2
25.6
2.2

23.4
25.6
.4

23.0
27.9
.9

33.9
33.9
.3

40.3
12.0
.9

Colum­ Detroit Grand Indian­ Lansing Mil­
bus
Rapids apolis
waukee

1Included only poll, income, and personal-property tax.




C h ap ter 3
A G en eratio n o f C hanging L iv in g Standards
Distribution of Current Expenditures in 1934-36 as Compared W ith
Those in 1917-18

A comparison of the percentage distribution of expenditures by
families studied in 1917-18 1 with that by comparable families sur­
veyed in 1934-36 in cities in the East North Central region, sheds
much light on changes in the consumption situation which have taken
place between these two periods. The cities in the East North
Central region which were studied both in 1917-18 and in 1934-36
are Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Detroit, Grand Rapids, Indian­
apolis, and Milwaukee. However, to make comparisons of the
expenditures of the two groups of families it is first necessary to con­
vert the dollar figures of the 1917-18 study to values which are com­
parable to the price levels which prevailed in 1934-36. Cost of living
indexes needed for this conversion are available only for Cincinnati,
Cleveland, Detroit, and Indianapolis. In the tabular summary,
tables 21, 22, and 23 present income and expenditure data for all
seven cities for families studied in 1934-36 of the same composition
as those included in the 1917-18 study. The following discussion is,
however, limited to the four cities for which the indexes are available.
The percentage changes which have taken place in the costs of goods
from 1917-18 to 1934-36 for these four cities are given in table 26.
Costs of food, housefurnishing goods, and clothing decreased for all of
the cities, while those for fuel and light and miscellaneous items
increased.
To secure goods which cost $1,500 at the time covered by the
1917-18 survey, it would have been necessary to spend at the time
covered by the second survey $1,299 in Detroit, where the greatest
difference in price level appears, but $1,498 in Cleveland, where the
least difference is shown.
Comparing the families with incomes from $1,200 to $1,500 in the
1917-18 study with the comparable families studied in 1934-36,2 one
of the most striking facts is the general increase in the level of ex­
penditure. From table 27, this is more apparent, for when the figures
1 Data for this study are published by the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statis­
tics, Bull. No. 357: Cost of Living in the United States, 1924.
21. e., all families including husband, wife, and at least one child under 16 years, with or without other
persons. (See p. 389.)




75

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REG N
IO

76

on average expenditures by the wage earners and clerical workers in
the four cities had been converted to the purchasing power prevailing
during the period of the present investigation, the increase in the total
expenditures ranged from $98 in Cleveland to $289 in Indianapolis.
The percentage increase in this real level of expenditure was 7.3 in
Cleveland, 13.5 in Cincinnati, 22.3 in Detroit, and 25.5 in Indianapolis
(see table 27).
T a ble

26

. — P e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in the cost o f g o o d s 'p u rch a sed b y w a g e e a r n e r s a n d
cler ic a l w o rk ers f r o m the ti m e o f the 1 9 1 7 - 1 8
s u r v e y to the t im e o f the 1 9 3 4 - 3 6
su rvey

1

[White families]

Food

City

-18.3
-21.9
-27.8
-25.9

Cincinnati_ __ _ _ _
_
Cleveland___ - ___ - _____ -_ __
_
_
Detroit ____- ___
Indianapolis _ _ ___ - _
_

Clothing
-28.6
-15. 7
-18.4
-29.7

Rent
+7.2
-9.0
-31.0
-18.4

House­
Fuel and furnishing
light
goods
+40.4
+79.0
+9.9
+15.1

Miscel­
laneous

— 2
7.
—
4.0
—1 8
1
-11.0

+33.2
+42.2
+27.9
+26.0

1The schedules taken in Cincinnati, Cleveland, and Detroit cover the year ending Oct. 31, 1918; in
Indianapolis, the year ending Dec. 31,1918.
T able

27. —

D i ff e r e n c e s i n i n c o m e s a n d c u r r e n t e x p e n d i t u r e s 1 b e tw e en
s t u d ie d i n 1 9 1 7 - 1 8 a n d 1 9 3 4 - 3 6 , in 4 c itie s

th e g r o u p s

[Wage earners and clerical workers with annual net incomes of $1,200 to $1,500, white families]
C ity

CincinnatiCleveland. _
Detroit
__ __
Indianapolis

______ _ ________
_
____ __ _ _
__________ _ _______ __ _
_ _ __ _____ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
__
__
__ _____
__ __ __ ___
_ _ _
_ ______ ______
_ _ _____ ____ __
________
_________
_
_ _
_
_ _ _ ________
_
_

Incomes

Expendi­
tures

P t
ercen

P t
ercen

+7.1
-1.7
+13.1
+ 9 .9

+13.5
+7.3
+22.3
+25.5

1Both in terms of 1934-36 price level.

These increases are not a result entirely of increases in real incomes.
The real incomes of the groups studied in 1934-36 were 7.1 percent
higher in Cincinnati, 1.7 percent lower in Cleveland, 13.1 percent
higher in Detroit, and 9.9 percent higher in Indianapolis (see table 27).
In Cleveland, Detroit, and Indianapolis the balance of the additional
current expenditure was financed by drawing upon funds other than
current income. In contrast with the situation found in 1934-36,
where about $69 of average family expenditure in Cleveland, $44 in
Detroit, and $78 in Indianapolis came from sources other than their
current income, the group of families studied in 1917-18 had current
expenditures averaging from $28 to $92 less than current incomes for
those three cities. In Cincinnati, the balance of additional current
expenditure was made possible by diverting a smaller proportion of
current income to savings and investments than did the families
studied in 1917-18. While the current expenditures of the group of
families studied in 1917-18 in Cincinnati were about $70 less than




77

A GENERATION O CHANGING LIVING STANDARDS
F

their incomes, comparable families in 1934-36 reported average sav­
ings of only $4.3
T able

28.— D i s t r i b u t i o n

o f cu r r e n t f a m i l y e x p e n d i t u r e s in 1 9 1 7 - 1 8 a n d 1 9 3 4 - 8 6

1

[White families of wage earners and clerical workers with annual net incomes of $1,200 to $1,500]
Cincinnati

F m stu iedin1 1 -1 1
a ilies d
97 8
Number. _ _ _ ______ ___ _
_
86
Expenditures in 1917-18 dollars:2
Total.. _ ____ ... _ _ _ $1,241
_
_
Food.
. . . ___ ...
504
Clothing__________
___
196
221
Housing, fuel, and light -----66
Furniture and furnishings____
254
Miscellaneous..
Expenditures in terms of 1934-36
dollars:3
Total__ ___ ____ ._ ... _ 1,205
_
Food... _ ... . . . ----- -_.
412
140
Clothing___ ___________ ..
253
Housing, fuel, and light_____
61
Furniture and furnishings____
Miscellaneous.. ------ ... .
339

P t
ercen

Cleveland

89

P t
ercen

Detroit

78

100.0 $1,339
502
40.6
15.8
201
292
17.8
5.3
67
20.5
277

100.0 $1, 333
37.5
484
216
15.0
317
21.8
79
5.0
20.7
237

100.0
34.2
11.6
21.0
5.1
28.1

100.0
29.3
12.7
23.8
4.8
29.4

1,337
392
170
318
64
393

1,154
349
177
257
69
302

P t
ercen

Indianapolis

45

P t
ercen

100.0 $1,272
36.3
487
16.2
190
23.8
248
5.9
7
1
17.8
276

100.0
38.3
14.9
19.5
5.6
21.7

100.0
30.2
15.3
22.3
6.0
26.2

100.0
31.8
11.8
20.2
5.5
30.7

1,134
361
134
229
62
348

F m stu ied in 1 3 -3 , typ
a ilies d
9 4 6 es
co p ra letoth sestu iedin1 1 -1
ma b
o d
97 8
Number
..
_ _ _ _
_ _
40
Expenditures in 1934-36 dollars:4
Total___________________ $1,368
Food. ___ ... ______ ___
505
137
Clothing----------------------319
Housing, fuel, and light 5 -----_
Furniture and furnishings. _ _
_
67
Miscellaneous_____________
340

73

105

27

100.0 $1,435
36.9
509
146
10.0
23.4
343
4.9
67
370
24.8

100.0 $1,411
35.4
499
10.2
149
342
23.8
69
4.7
25.9
352

100.0 $1,423
35.4
469
10.6
143
24.2
305
4.9
69
24.9
437

100.0
33.0
10.1
21.4
4.9
30.6

1The data from the 1917-18 investigation in each of the cities are for the year ending Oct. 31, 1918, in
Cincinnati, Oct. 31, 1918, in Cleveland, Oct. 31, 1918, in Detroit, and Dec. 31, 1918, in Indianapolis.
2Data for 1917-18 based on figures published in Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Bull. No. 357, pp. 19, 20, 25, 35.
3Data in terms of 1934-36 dollars were computed from original figures by m
eans of percentage changes in
the cost of food, clothing, rent, fuel and light, furniture and furnishings, and miscellaneous items from the
year of the earlier studies in each of the four cities.
* For detailed distribution of expenditures, see tabular summary, table 23.
5Includes refrigeration.

An analysis of the figures secured from the groups studied in Cin­
cinnati in the two periods will illustrate the type of changes in family
living which have occurred in the interval between the investigations.
The group in the income band $1,200 to $1,500 studied in 1917-18
spent on the average $1,241 for current living. Of this, $504 (40.6
percent) was spent for food. Because of the decline in food prices, the
same kinds and quantities of food could have been purchased for $412
at the time of the second investigation, but food habits had changed to
such an extent that the group studied in 1934-36 actually spent on the
average $93 more than this for food, $505 or 36.9 percent of their total
current expenditures. Clothing prices also declined, so that the aver­
age clothing expenditures of the Cincinnati group in the income band
$1,200 to $1,500 studied in 1934-36 were not only $59 less than those
of the group studied there in 1917-18, but $3 less than the calculated
3These deficits, i. e., expenditures from sources other than current income in three cities and savings in
Cincinnati, were calculated in 1934-36 from the families’ own statements of the net changes in their assets
and liabilities during the schedule year, and not by subtracting income from expenditure. See further
discussion of this point on p. 375.




78

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REG N
IO

1934-36 cost of the clothing bought in 1917-18. While the two groups
of families studied spent practically the same amount for furniture and
furnishings, the same goods purchased by the families surveyed in
1917-18 for $66 could have been purchased in 1934-36 for $61. The
cost of housing, fuel and light, and miscellaneous items rose in Cin­
cinnati in the interval between the two surveys, and the group studied
in the second period is found to have spent more for housing, and
fuel, light, and refrigeration combined both in dollars and percentage­
wise than the group studied in the earlier period. On the other hand,
expenditures for miscellaneous items by the 1934-36 group met the
calculated cost of the miscellaneous items purchased by the 1917-18
group within one dollar.
A comparison of the cost of the 1917-18 purchases in 1934-36
dollars with the distribution of the actual purchases in 1934-36 shows
in all four cities a trend toward larger purchases of food, decreased
purchases of clothing, and larger current expenditures for housing and
fuel and light. There is a decline in the proportion of total expendi­
ture devoted to furniture and furnishings.
The group covering miscellaneous items in each city in 1934-36
study claims a larger percentage of the total than appeared in the
1917-18 purchases expressed in the dollars of those years, but a smaller
percentage than would have been required to buy the 1917-18 level
in 1934-36 dollars.







P a r t II.—N egro Fam ilies

79




C h ap ter 1
Income L ev el and M on ey D isbursem en ts
Family Income 1

Schedules were obtained from 201 Negro families in Cincinnati,
Ohio, and Indianapolis, Ind. These samples were chosen at the
same time and in the same way as the samples for the white families
in these two cities, and represent a cross section of the families of
employed Negro wage earners and clerical workers there in 1935-36.
These samples were not intended to be representative of the total
Negro population of wage earners and clerical workers, as the study
did not extend to families on relief. An estimate based on figures
from the Division of Social Research of the Works Progress Adminis­
tration places the number of Negro families of two or more persons on
relief at 12,500 in Hamilton County, where Cincinnati is located, and
at 6,200 in Marion County, where Indianapolis is located, during
March 1935, the month of the peak relief load in the period of the
present investigation.2 A general idea of the proportion of families
excluded from the study in Marion County because of this factor can
be gained from a comparison of these figures with the number of Negro
families of two or more persons reported by the census of 1930. The
proportion on relief in the high month in Marion County is 60 percent
of that total number. The number of Negro families on relief in
March 1935 in Hamilton County is 81 percent of the estimated number
of Negro families there in 1935.
Furthermore, it will be remembered that the plan of the study pro­
vided that no family be included which had an income of less than
$500, or in which no earner had been employed for a minimum of 36
weeks (see appendix D, p. 402). These same criteria for inclusion of
Negro as for white families were followed, even though they resulted
in a sample with incomes relatively higher than those of the entire
Negro population, in order that comparisons might be made between
the spending of comparable families of employed Negro and white
workers.
In the groups surveyed, family incomes ranged from $515 to $1,902
among the Cincinnati Negro families, and from $520 to $1,993 among
1Details of family income when families are classified by economic level are in the tabular summary, table
2, and when classified by income level, in the tabular summary, table 5.
2See appendix A, p. 392.
81




82

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

those in Indianapolis. The maximum income in the Cincinnati
Negro group was achieved by a family having two full-time earners.
The husband was a mail carrier and the homemaker a maid. The
Indianapolis Negro family with the greatest income had four earners.
The husband was a janitor and the three daughters were a grocery
clerk, a maid, and a clerk in a doctor’s office, respectively.
Family incomes among the Negro groups studied in Cincinnati and
Indianapolis averaged about $1,010 and $990, respectively.3
T a b le 29.—

F a m ily in co m e

,1

y e a r d u r in g th e p e r i o d 1931+—3 6

[Negro families of wage earners and clerical workers]
Item
Number of families in survey. _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _____ _ _ _ ___
_
_ _
_
Net money income:
Arithmetic mean ________ _ __ ____ ____
______
_
First quartile___ ____ ___
__ ___ _ _ _____ ____ _ _
_
_
Median __ ____ ____ ____ _ ____ _ _ _ _ _
_
_
_
___
Third quartile__ ________ ____ _
_ _ _____ __ ____
_ _

Cincinnati Indianapo­
lis
100

101

$1,010
832
976
1,168

$990
782
960
1,123

The average income is influenced by a scattering of the higher
incomes. In both cities, the mean average was slightly higher than
the median, the income level that divides the families into two equal
groups. Table 29 shows the average net money income, and the
incomes below which one-fourth, one-half, and three-fourths of the
families fell.
As with white families, the chief source of family income was
earnings. The highest earnings reported for any one individual were
those of a Negro probation officer in Cincinnati of $1,800, and of a
Negro patrolman in Indianapolis of $1,820.
The importance of earnings of subsidiary earners in family income
is about the same for the Negro as for the white families studied.
From table 30 it is apparent that the percentage provided by earnings
of the chief earner decreases with a rise in total family income, while
the percentage provided by subsidiary earners increases markedly, in
all the income groups covered. The average number of persons
reporting employment at any time during the year (see tabular sum­
mary, table 2) increased consistently from low to high income levels,
rising to 1.3 persons in Cincinnati for the $l,500-and-over groups and
2.4 persons in Indianapolis for the same group.
3 R. A. Fisher’smethod for the analysis of variance (discussed on pp. 226 and 227of his “Statistical methods
for research workers,” sixth ed., London, 1936) was used to test whether the mean incomes obtained in the
two cities differed more than could be expected if successive sam
ples had been drawn at random from the
same population. It was found that the difference between these two averages is large enough to be con­
sidered statistically significant. A much greater significance was found, however, in the differences between
the average incomes of the white and Negro families within the two cities.




83

INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS
Fig. II

SOURCES OF FAMILY INCOME AMONG WAGE EARNERS
AND LOWER-SALARIED CLERICAL WORKERS
AT SUCCESSIVE INCOME LEVELS
INDIANAPOLIS, 1935-1936
NE6R0 FAMILIES
IN CO M E

C LA S S

HUNDREDS OF DOLLARS

5

0

10

15

20

25

ALL FAMILIES

$600 un E $900
8r
$900 u 8£*$I200
n
$I200 unoer$I500
$1500

ad
n

OVER

I

EARNINGS OF SUPPLE- Z fflL INCOME FROM
MENTARY EARNERS
V /A OTHER SOURCES

EARNINGS OF
CHIEF EARNER

U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR ST A T IST IC S

T

able

30.— Sources of fa m ily income at successive income levels, 1 year during the
period 193J+-36

[N egro fam ilies o f w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]

In co m e group

C in c in n a ti

A ll fa m ilie s______ ___________ ___ _
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et in com es
of—
$500 to $900_________________________
$900 to $1,200_______________________
$1,200 to $1,500_____________________
$1,500 an d o v er___ ________ . . .

P ercen ta ge of in com e from —
A verage
b er
A verage n u min fu lof
ga
N um ber
a
t mo
of fam ilies n ein comnee y w orkers E a rn in gs Eofrn in gs
su b ­
O ther
per
of ch ief
sid ia ry sources 3
fa m ily 1
earner
earner 2
100

$1,010

1.23

92.6

7.0

0 .4

34
47
12
7

751
1,026
1,290
1, 664

1.12
1.26
1.42
1. 29

94.6
92.5
90.7
91.0

5.1
7 .0
8 .8
9 .0

0

.3
.5
.5

101

990

1.54

89.5

9 .5

1 .0

40
42
12
7

725
1,024
1, 309
1,748

1.33
1. 57
1. 67
2. 43

91.5
92.4
88.5
76.6

7 .0
7 .0
10.2
23.3

1 .5
.6
1.3
.1

In d ia n a p o lis

A ll fa m ilie s__________________________ .
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et in com es
of—
$500 to $900_________________________
$900 to $1,200_______________________
$1,200 to $1,500_____________________
$1,500 an d ov er___ ______ _________

1 A ga in fu l w ork er is d efin ed as a p erson h a v in g h a d so m e g a in fu l em p lo y m en t in b u sin ess or in d u str y or
d o m estic service a t a n y tim e d u rin g th e year. (S om e fam ilies in clu d ed persons in d o m estic service as
su b sid ia ry earners.)
2 In c lu d in g n e t earn in gs from boarders an d lodgers.
3 L ess b u sin ess losses an d exp en ses n o t d e d u c tib le from earnings of th e yea r covered b y th e sch ed u le.




84

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

Current Expenditures of Each City Group as a Whole 4
As with the white families, the most important single group for the
Negro families studied was food (see Tabular Summary, tables 3 and 6,
and text table 31), which required in each of the two cities more than
a third of total current expenditures. The percentage spent for food
in Cincinnati was very little higher than that spent by the white
families with comparable incomes in this city, as well as that of the
Indianapolis Negro group. In the latter city, the proportionate Negro
expenditure was somewhat higher than that of comparable white
families. Likewise the proportion allotted to the second largest item
of expenditure in both cities (i. e., housing, including fuel, light, and
refrigeration) was higher, on the average, for all Negro families than
for all white families, as was also true when the same income levels of
the two groups were compared. Among the Negroes, such expendi­
tures accounted for 26.2 cents out of every dollar spent in Cincinnati,
and 25.5 cents in Indianapolis
T

able

31.— Expenditures for groups of items, 1 year during the period 1984—
86

[N egro fa m ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]
Item
A verage a n n u a l current e x p e n d itu r e for all ite m s ____________ __________ ___ _ __
P ercen ta ge o f to ta l a n n u a l current ex p en d itu re for—
A ll item s _
____ ___________ ________________ _ _ _____________ _______ _
_______ ___________ _ ____ __
F o o d ____ . . __ __ __ _______
C lo th in g
__ ____________ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _____ __ __ ______
H o u sin g __
_____ _____ __ _ ______________ ____ __ ______ _ ____ _ _ .
F u e l, lig h t, an d refrigeration ____ ______________ __ __ _ _____ _ _ ___
O ther h o u seh o ld op eration __
__ _________ _______ ____ _______
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t _________ _______________ __
______ _ __ __
A u to m o b ile a n d m o to r c y c le p u r c h a se , o p er a tio n an d m a in te n a n c e - ___
O th er tr a n sp o rta tio n ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______
__ _______
______ _
P er so n a lc a r e _ _____________ _ _ _ ______ _______ __ ______ __ _________
_________________ _
_
_____________
____ - ___
M ied ica lca re
R e crea tio n
_____ ______ __ _ _ _
_ _____ ___ _ __
___
E d u c a tio n ________ __ ___________________
_____ __
_______ _ _____
V o c a tio n
_ _ __ _ ___________ ________ _____ __ _ ______ __________
C o m m u n ity w elfare _ _ ______ __ ______________ _ _ _ ____________________
G ifts anti co n tr ib u tio n s tn p erson s o u tsid e th e e co n o m ic fa m ily
O th e r ite m s
__ __ _____ ___________ _______ __ _ _ _ _____ __ _________

C in cin n a ti

In d ia n ­
ap olis
$941

$988
100.0
38.1
10.1
17.4
8 .8
3.1
4. 6
1 .6
4. 0
1 .9
2.8
4 .3

100.0
36.3
10.0
14.2
11.3
3.1
4. 9
2. 7
3. 4

2. 2

3.5
4 .7
.3
.1

.5
.2

1 .2
1.1

.3

C
1)

2.1
1 .2

i L e ss th a n 0.05 p ercen t.

Expenditures for clothing came next in importance in disbursements,
accounting for 10 percent of the total in each of the cities. The dollar
figures were less than the corresponding averages for white families,
but the percentages for the two color groups were very similar. Ex­
penditures for furnishings and equipment took fourth place among
the Negro families in both cities, requiring less than 5 cents out of
every dollar spent. Outlays for recreation accounted for about 4.5
percent of total expenditures. Transportation expenditures for other
items than automobiles accounted for 4.0 and 3.4 percent, with auto­
mobile expenditures averaging about 2 percent. In Cincinnati,
4 C urrent exp en d itu res are d efined on p. 374.




INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS

85

personal care expenditures accounted for 1.9 percent of total expendi­
tures, and in Indianapolis, 2.2 percent. Expenditures for medical
care, education, vocation, gifts and contributions to individuals and
to the community welfare, and household operation other than for
fuel, light, and refrigeration made up the balance of a total expendi­
ture of $988 in Cincinnati and $941 in Indianapolis.

Distribution of Expenditures at Successive Income Levels5
For the Negro families both in Cincinnati and in Indianapolis, as
incomes increased, the percentage spent for food and housing (includ­
ing fuel, light, and refrigeration) declined. Expenditures for clothing,
furnishings and equipment, transportation, and gifts to persons out­
side the economic family, on the contrary, tend to go up with a rising
income level. The increase in the expenditures for clothing is due
not only to the fact that they are one of the most elastic items in the
family budget, but also to the larger number of persons to be clothed
at the higher income levels. The dollar expenditures for transporta­
tion increased threefold from the lowest income level to that of $1,500
and over in Cincinnati, and doubled in Indianapolis for the same
groups. Dollar expenditures for household operation other than
fuel, light, and refrigeration showed the most striking change from
low to high income levels, increasing threefold in both Cincinnati
and Indianapolis.
For the other groups of items covered by current family expendi­
tures, no consistent tendency from income level to income level
appears, largely because this expenditure is not solely a function of
income, but is very much affected by the size and composition of the
families at the various intervals. In general, the percentages spent
for personal care at each income level fluctuate around the average
for all families of 1.9 percent of total expenditures in Cincinnati and
2.2 in Indianapolis. Likewise those for community welfare vary
irregularly about the averages for all families of 1.2 and 2.1 percent
respectively. The percentage for medical care and for recreation tend
to increase with income. Expenditures for vocation and education
were negligible at every income level except at the highest shown
in Cincinnati, where 4.3 percent of the total expenditure was devoted
to education.
From table 32, it is apparent that the increase from low to high
incomes in total family expenditure was much greater than the increase
in expenditure per unit. In fact the former more than doubled from
the lowest to the highest income groups shown, while the latter in­
creased less than 60 percent. This is explained by the increasing size
of family in terms of expenditure units at higher income levels.
8 See T a b u lar S u m m a ry , ta b le 6.




86
T

HAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
32.— Average unit expenditure, at successive income levels, .! year during the

able

period 1 9 3 4 -3 6

[N egro fam ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]
A
A verage A verage A verage A verage exverage
p en d i­
un
N u m b e r fasize ofin to tanl dex­ u n it food clo thit g tu re for
m ily
p e i­ ex p en d i­
in
of fam ilies e x p en d i­ tu re per
oth er
ex p en d i­ item s per
ture
tu re u n its fa m ily
tu re
p erson

E co n o m ic lev el

A verage
ex p en d i­
tu re for
all item s
per ex­
p en d itu re
u n it

C in c in n a ti

A ll fa m ilie s_____ _________ ____
F a m ilie s w ith a n n u al n et in ­
com e of—
$500 to $900__________________
$900 to $1,200________________
$1,200 to $1,500______________
___
$1,500 an d o v e r ______

100

3.05

$988

$132

$38

$152

$324

34
47
12
7

2.71
3.14
3.30
3. 62

736
1, 021
1, 261
1, 534

124
128
136
175

28
36
55
61

119
157
194
182

272
325
382
424

101

3. 26

941

114

34

139

289

40
42
12
7

2. 76
3.24
3.97
4.98

698
974
1,255
1,588

111
114
111
124

24
34
45
46

116
150
156
147

253
301
316
319

In d ia n a p o lis

A ll fa m ilie s___________ ________
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et in ­
com e of—
$500 to $900__________________
$900 to $1,200________________
$1,200 to $1 ,5 0 0 ._____________
$1,500 an d o v e r. ______ __

Size and composition o f family.
The average number of persons per family was about the same, or
slightly larger, among the Negro as among the white group in both
cities. Among the Negro families it was 3.37 in Cincinnati and
3.63 in Indianapolis, which is slightly larger than the median size of
family shown in the census of 1930 for all Negro families of two persons
Fig. 12.

SIZE OF FAMILY AMONG WAGE EARNERS
AND LOWER-SALARIED CLERICAL WORKERS
AT SUCCESSIVE INCOME LEVELS
CIN CINN ATI, 193 5-1936
NEGRO FAMILIES
IN C O M E C L A S S

f

NUMBER OF PERSONS

^

ALL FAMILIES

$600

$900

$900 u S $1200
S tn
$1200 UNDEN $1500
$1500

and

OVER

■

r/viNFU! wORKFR*

GAINFUL WORKERS

U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




BBS 0p AGEPERSONS 16 YEARS
OTHER
AN0 0VER

PERSONS UNDER
16 YEARS OF AGE

INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS

87

or more of 2.97 in Cincinnati and 3.0 in Indianapolis. Had the study
been extended to include Negro families on relief, the average size of
family included would have been larger. The average size of Negro
families on relief (4.1) in the peak month during the period of the in­
vestigation was distinctly larger in Cincinnati than that of the fami­
lies scheduled in that city, and slightly larger in Indianapolis (3.7).
The average number of children under 16 years old in the Negro
families, as well as the average number of adults, was slightly larger
than in the white families. The number of children per family tends
to increase from one income level to another in both cities. The same
holds for the average size of family, where the number of persons rises
from 3.0 in the income groups $500 to $900 to 4.11 in the group with
income above $1,500 in Cincinnati, and from 3.12 to 5.51 for the cor­
responding levels in Indianapolis. About one-half of the families in
each city were composed of adults only; of these, slightly more than
half included a husband and wife only.
Order o f Expenditures at Successive Economic Levels 6
Since the incomes and the number, age, sex, and occupation of
the persons dependent on the family funds of the Negro families
studied varied quite as much as among the white families, the data
secured from the Negro families were also analyzed by economic
level.7 The tendencies noted for white families, i. e., increase in income
and decrease in family size with rise in economic level, obtain for the
Negro families in both cities.
With a rise in economic level, there appeared in each city a striking
decline in the percentage of expenditure allotted to food, and a much
less extreme decrease in the percentages for housing (including fuel,
light, and refrigeration). In contrast to the change noted when the
families were classified according to income level, the proportion of
each dollar which is spent for clothing remains almost constant with the
progression from low to high economic levels. The general tendency
for the other groups of items covered by current family expenditures
is to increase with improvement in the economic status of the family.
Interesting contrasts to the figures given in table 32 are presented
in table 33. The movements in the amounts of unit expenditure when
families are classified by economic level are different from the same
data when classified by income. Whereas the average unit expenditure
for all items increases twofold from the lowest economic level to the
$400 and over level, from the lowest to the highest income level the
increase was about 20 percent in Indianapolis and 60 percent in Cin­
cinnati.
6 See th e T a b u lar S u m m a ry , ta b le 3.
7 F or a d escrip tio n of th e m e th o d s of co m p u tin g an d th e m ean in g of econ om ic le v e l, see p . 431.
5 3 4 8 5 ° — 40-




-7

BAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

88
T

able

33.— Average unit expenditure, at successive economic levels, 1 year during
the period 1 9 8 4 -8 6

[N egro fam ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers]

E co n o m ic level

A verage
N u m b e r fasize ofin
ily
of fam ilies exm en d i­
p
tu re u n its

A
A verage A verage A verage exverage
p en d i­
to ta l ex­ u n it food
u n it
p e n d i­ ex p en d i­ clo th in g tu re for
other
tu re per
ex p en d i­ item s per
tu re
fa m ily
ture
person

A verage
ex p en d i­
tu re for
all item s

C in c in n a ti

A ll fa m ilie s___________________
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al u n it ex­
p en d itu re of—
$100 to -$200__________________
$200 to $300__________________
$300 to $400__________________
$400 to $500__________________
$500 to $600__________________
$600 an d o v e r ________ __ ___

100

3.05

$988

$132

$38

$152

$324

10
26
26
19
11
8

5.05
3. 76
2.91
2.19
2.01
2.15

817
907
994
955
1,083
1,394

81
104
141
169
199
221

18
32
44
45
49
61

63
103
157
220
291
371

162
241
342
436
539
648

101

3.26

941

114

34

139

289

18
27
24
32

5.50
3.50
2.78
2.14

867
860
963
1, 033

72
104
124
176

20
30
39
50

64
111
185
252

158
246
346
485

In d ia n a p o lis

A ll fa m ilies . . _
F a m ilies w ith an n u al u n it ex­
p e n d itu re of—
$100 to $200__________________
$200 to $300__________________
$300 to $400__________________
$400 an d o v er_________ __ __

Order o f expenditures at two economic levels.
A comparison of the rank order of the different group items of
expenditure at the lowest and at the highest economic levels among
the Negro families, as shown in table 34, reveals that about the same
types of shifts in consumer demand between the two levels occur for
them as for the white families. The three items constituting the
bulk of the expenditures, food, clothing, and housing (including fuel,
light, and refrigeration), do not change rank from the lowest to the
highest plane of living. Within the range of economic levels covered
in this investigation, these three necessary items must take such a
large share of the total that there is little possibility of their being
exceeded by any other class of expenditures. In comparing this
table with the similar figures shown for white families, it should be
remembered that the range of variations in economic status is greater
for the latter than for the Negro group. The highest economic level
at which any considerable number of white families were found was
that at which $600 to $700 was spent per expenditure unit, while for
Negroes there were very few families with a unit expenditure of more
than $400 to $500.
Although food expenditures rank first at both levels in each city,
the food consumption at the two levels is very different, due to the
difference in total dollars spent and in the size of the family. As in
the case of the white families studied, the number of expenditure units
per Negro family decreased markedly from the lowest to the highest
economic level. When total food expenditures are divided by the




INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS
Fig.13

DISTRIBUTION OF FAMILY EXPENDITURES OF WAGE
EARNERS AND LOWER-SALARIED CLERICAL WORKERS
AT TWO DIFFERENT ECONOMIC LEVELS
INDIANAPOLIS, 1935-1936
NEGRO FAMILIES
PERCENT OF TOTAL EXPENDITURE

FOOO

HOUSING

INCLUDING FUEL,
LIGHT AND
REFRIGERATION

CLOTHING

MEDICAL CARE

RECREATION

HOUSEHOLD
OPERATION
TRANSPORTAj
TION
OTHER I
THAN AUTOMOBILE

I

FURNISHINGS
& EQUIPMENT

PERSONAL
CARE
COMMUNITY
WELFAREjGIFTS
CONTRIBUTION

ECONOMIC

L EV EL

(ANNUAL AMOUNT SPENT
PER EXPENDITURE U N IT )

$500

unoer

$600

AUTOMOBILE |
EDUCATION,
VOCATION
AND MISC.
U.S. BUREAU OF LABOR ST A T IST IC S




J ___I_ I___I_ I___L
_
_

J ___I___I___I
___I___1
___I_ I
_ ___I_ I___L
_

89

90

EAST NORTH CENTRAL R IO
EG N

number of food expenditure units,8 the result gives striking evidence
of the change in food consumption from one level to another (see
table 33).
The greatest shift in rank order occurred in Indianapolis in expendi­
tures for automobile transportation, which moved from eleventh at the
low to sixth place at the high level, and in those for furnishings and
equipment, which rose from eighth to fourth place. In Cincinnati,
expenditures for the corresponding items rose from fourteenth to
twelfth and from seventh to sixth place. Gifts and contributions
likewise occupy a more important place at high economic levels than
at low, moving from twelfth to tenth place in Cincinnati and from
thirteenth to twelfth in Indianapolis.
Since the expenditures for medical care were so small as not to
provide for adequate health services, but were made primarily for
emergencies, which are never a function of economic status, it is not
surprising that the movement in rank of such expenditures at low and
high levels is not the same in Cincinnati and Indianapolis. In the
former city, expenditures for medical services rose from ninth to
seventh place, while in the latter they dropped from fourth to seventh
place.
T able

34.— Expenditures in rank order at 2 different economic levels, 1 year during
the period 1934-36
[N egro fa m ilies of w a g e earners an d clerical w orkers]
C in cin n a ti
G roup ex p en d itu re item

In d ia n a p o lis

F a m ilies w ith a n n u a l u n it exp en d itu re of—
$100 to

F o o d _____
_ _ __ ___
_ _ _____
______ _
C lo th in g .. _ _ _ _
H o u sin g ______________________________________________ ____
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration_________________ ___ ____ }
O ther h o u seh o ld o p era tio n _________________ ____ ____
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t_______________________________
A u to m o b ile an d m oto rcy cle— pu rch ase, op eration , and
m a in t e n a n c e ____ _ _ ____ _ _ _ _ _____ ____
________
_ _ _ _ __
O th er tra n sp o rta tio n ______
P erso n a l care___ ____ __________ _ ___________ _ _ ___
_______ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ __
M e d ic a l care__
_
R e c r e a t io n .___________ _ _
__
_________________
E d u c a tio n __ ________________
______________________
V o c a tio n ... ____________ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
___ __________
C o m m u n ity w e lfa r e .______ _____________________ ________
G ifts an d con trib u tio n s to p erson s ou tsid e th e econ om ic
fa m ily _______________ _ ___ ___________ _______ ______
O th er ite m s_____
_______ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _________

$200 $400 to $500
1

$200 $400 to $500

3

3

3

1

1

2
6
7
13.5
4
8 .5
8. 5
5
13.5
15
H

2

2

2

8
6

6
8

9
4

12

11

6
8
11

12
10

1

$100 to

4
9
7
5
14.5
13

7
9
4
5
12
14.5

11

10

10

13
14.5

14.5

3

7
5
14.5
13
10

12

14.5

Changes in Assets and Liabilities

Over two-thirds of the Negro families studied in Cincinnati and in
Indianapolis reported net surpluses for the year covered by the
8
F o o d exp en d itu re u n its are co m p u te d from scales b a sed on th e U n ite d S ta tes average cost d u rin g th e
p eriod of th e su r v e y of e stim a te d c u sto m a ry food co n su m p tio n . T h e y m a y b e u sed as a c o n v en ie n t com m on
d en om in a to r in stu d y in g th e d ifferen ces in to ta l food exp en d itu res at d ifferen t eco n om ic le v e ls. (See ap ­
p en d ix G .)




INCOM LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEM
E
ENTS

91

schedule, although as many as 31 of the families in Cincinnati and 21 in
Indianapolis were able to meet all of the demands for family living
only by drawing on assets accumulated previously or by borrowing
during the schedule year; the average deficit per family having a
deficit was $78 in Cincinnati and $68 in Indianapolis.9 A small pro­
portion of the families in each city reported incomes just balancing
current expenditures. When all families in each sample were grouped
together, there resulted an average net surplus of $29 in Cincinnati and
of $46 in Indianapolis.
The general pattern noted for white families was large average
deficits at the lowest income levels, decreasing progressively until the
turning point was reached, after which at each successive interval there
was an average surplus for all families. When Negro families were
classified by income level, this was not found. This difference is due
in part to the smaller number of cases, and hence the greater influence
of a few families having very large surpluses and deficits, and in part
apparently to a difference in the consumption habits of the two
groups. Although the two Negro groups had incomes lower both in
actual dollars and in relation to the persons dependent on them than
the white groups studied simultaneously in Cincinnati and Indian­
apolis, they showed a smaller proportion of families increasing their
liabilities during the year, and a larger relative savings. In both the
Cincinnati and Indianapolis groups, there was an average net surplus
at every income level (see tabular summary, table 5). The size of
this surplus increased at the higher income levels. The fact that
Negro families probably have greater difficulty than white families in
obtaining credit is doubtless one reason for this situation. A further
explanation of their greater tendency to save may be the fact that
those families studied enjoyed relatively high incomes as compared
with the total Negro population, whereas the white families studied
may have had more social contact with families with higher incomes.
When families are classified by economic level (as shown in detail
in tabular summary, table 4) even greater irregularities are found.
The Negro families as exemplified by the samples in Cincinnati and
Indianapolis do not follow the pattern found among the white families,
i. e., the general tendency for the figures on the net change in assets
and liabilities to show an average surplus for all families at the lower
economic levels and an average deficit for all families at the higher.
From table 35 it can be seen that when all Negro families are grouped
into just three economic levels, at each level in both cities there was
9
F or a d efin itio n of su rp lu s an d d eficit, see ap p en d ix A , p. 375. T h e figures ju st cited h a v e b een co m p u ted
from th e fa m ilie s’ o w n sta tem e n ts a b o u t ch an g es in th eir assets an d lia b ilities, a n d do n o t rep resen t a b a la n c­
in g d ifference .b etw een rep orted in co m es an d rep orted cu rren t ex p en d itu re (see a p p en d ix A , p . 376). M o st
fam ilies w ere n o t a b le to p resen t a sta tem e n t of to ta l receip ts an d to ta l d isb u rsem en t w h ich b a lan ced e x a ctly .
N o sch ed u le w a s accep ted for u se from a fa m ily w h ic h cou ld n o t su p p ly a sta tem e n t of to ta l receip ts an d
to ta l d isb u rsem en ts w h ic h b a lan ced w ith in 5 p ercen t.




92

EAST

NORTH

C E N T R A L REGION

a net surplus which increased in size with rise in plane of living in
Cincinnati and decreased in Indianapolis.
35.— Percentage of families having surplus and deficit and net change in
assets and liabilities during the schedule year, at successive economic levels, 1 year
during the period 1934.-36

T able

[N egro fa m ilies of w a g e earners an d clerical w orkers]
P ercen ta ge of
fa m ilies
h a v in g —
C ity an d eco n o m ic le v e l

Num ­
ber of
fam i­
lies

A verage a m o u n t of—
N e t ch an g e in a ssets an d
lia b ilitie s for all fam ilies

N et
N et
su rp lu s deficit

P er
fa m ily

P er ex­
p e n d i­
tu re
u n it

+$29

+$10

S u rp lu s D e fic it
per
per
fa m ily fa m ily
P er
h a v in g h a v in g
ga in fu l su rp lu s d eficit
w orker

C in c in n a ti

A ll fam ilies________________________
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al u n it ex­
p e n d itu re of—
U n d er $300------------- - $300 to $400____________________
$400 an d o v e r .. .
_ __

67.0

31.0

36
61.1
26 . 69.2
38
71.1

33.3
30.8
28.9

101

78.2

20.8

45
24
32

77.8
83.3
75 .0

16.7
21.9

100

+5
+5

+$24

$79

$78

67
72

+19
+42

+20

+17
+15
+34

100

41
99
84

+46

+14

+30

76

68

+52
+47
+35

+17
+16

+31
+30
+26

87
65
78

65
45
53

+ 21

In d ia n a p o lis

A ll fa m ilies________ ____________
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al u n it ex­
p e n d itu re of—
U n d er $300____________________
$300 to $400____________________
$400 an d ov er______________

22.2

+12

An analysis of the changes in assets and liabilities, as shown in
table 36, reveals that contrary to the tendency noted for white
families, the reductions in assets and increases in liabilities tend to
occur in similar amounts at both high and low economic levels. The
rising tide of installment buying characteristic of the years following
the depression of 1933 is probably a factor in the sizeable increase in
liabilities of these Negro families. For families both in Cincinnati
and Indianapolis, increases in amounts due on goods purchased on
the installment plan assumed a larger proportion of the total increase
in liabilities with rise in the expenditure level of families. In Cin­
cinnati, increases in sums owed for goods (including automobiles)
purchased on the installment plan amounted to 65 percent of increases
in all liabilities at the low economic level and 77 percent at the high.
Comparable percentages in Indianapolis were 40 and 86. A compari­
son of the average increase in such liabilities with decreases reported
by families having smaller amounts outstanding on goods purchased
this way at the end of the year than at the beginning, shows that in
both cities total obligations incurred during the year were considerably
larger than those paid off.




93

INCOME LEVEL AND MONEY DISBURSEMENTS
T

able

36.— Changes in assets and liabilities during the schedule year, at successive
economic levels, 1 year during the period 1984-36
[N egro fa m ilies of w a g e earners an d clerical w orkers]

C ity an d eco n om ic
le v e l

A v erage
d ecreases in
a m o u n ts d u e on A v e r ­
A ver­ A ver­
s rch ased
N u m ­ age in ­ age d e ­ goodthp uin sta ll­ age d e ­
e
ber of creases creases onm e n t p la n
creases
fam ilies
in
in lia ­
in
assets 1 b ilitie s 1
a s s e ts 1
A u to ­ O ther
m o b iles good s

A vera g e
in creases in
A v e r ­ a m o u n ts d u e on
age in ­ good s p u rch ased
creases on th e in sta ll­
in
m e n t p la n i
lia b ili­
ties 1
A u to ­ O th er
m ob iles good s

C in c in n a ti

A ll fa m ilie s_____________
F a m ilie s w ith an n u al
u n it ex p en d itu re of—
U n d er $300.
$300 to $400_________
$400 an d o v e r _____

100

$66

$14

0

$9

$8

$43

$1

$28

36
26
38

65
65
68

8
12
22

0
0
0

3
12
13

3
14
9

48
43
39

0
0
3

31
27
27

101

69

27

$2

9

4

47

4

24

45
24
32

73
67
63

35
20
23

3
0
3

9
7
10

0
4
9

55
36
42

2
3
8

20
24
28

In d ia n a p o lis

A ll fa m ilie s_____________
F a m ilies w ith a n n u al
u n it exp en d itu re of—
U n d er $300. ___ _
$300 to $400_________
$400 an d o v e r ______

i
A verages c o m p u ted b y d iv id in g th e to ta l n u m b er of fam ilies a t each exp en d itu re le v e l in to th e aggre­
ga te in creases or d ecreases of th e fa m ilies rep ortin g su ch in creases or decreases.




Chapter 2
Expenditures for Specified Goods
Annual food expenditure .

Food

In both cities, average food expenditures per family declined con­
sistently as a percentage of total current expenditure with rise in
economic level.1 Average dollar outlays per family for food prepared
at home (including food for lunches carried to work and to school)
remained about the same at the low and high levels in both cities.
The average annual expenditure at the lowest level was $354 in
Cincinnati and $336 in Indianapolis.
On the contrary, actual dollar expenditures for food bought and
eaten away from home increased considerably with improvement in
plane of living, rising 81 percent in Cincinnati and 47 percent in
Indianapolis. Of each dollar spent for food in Cincinnati, at the low
economic level about 4 cents was used to purchase meals away from
home, and at the highest level about 8 cents. In Indianapolis, 3 and
5 cents were spent for this purpose. Expenditures for meals at work
increased from the low to the high levels much less rapidly than did
total expenditures for food away from home. Only one family in
Cincinnati and none in Indianapolis reported payment for board at
school.
Food expenditures in 1 wee\ in the spring quarter .

The types of food purchased by the Negro families in the two
cities studied in the East North Central region show striking similar­
ities. From table 37 it is apparent that the distribution of each food
dollar among groups of food is practically the same for the two
samples.
Data on 194 separate foods purchased and consumed during one
typical week in the spring quarter show that not only is there a
marked increase in the average expenditure per capita with rise in
economic level, but also that the types and quantities of foods are
different at the various levels. The figures on the details of food
1 T h ro u g h o u t th e b u lle tin , eco n om ic le v e l is d efin ed as th e a m o u n t of current exp en d itu re per yea r per
e x p e n d itu r e u n it, or in oth er w ord s, th e a m o u n t of an n u al u n it ex p en d itu re. F or each of th e ta b les sh o w ­
in g d eta ils of exp en d itu re, as m a n y eco n om ic le v e ls h a v e b een sh o w n as th e n u m b er of cases in each c ity
an d th e ty p e s of th e d a ta for each p articu lar ta b le w o u ld a llo w . F or an n u al food exp en d itu re for N egro
fa m ilies, th e le v e ls are as follow s: L o w , u n d er $300 per exp en d itu re u n it for all item s; in term ed ia te, $300 to
$400 per e x p en d itu re u n it; h ig h , $400 an d over per exp en d itu re u n it (see tab u lar su m m a ry , ta b le 8).
94




95

EXPENDITURES FOR SPECIFIED G O S
OD

purchases have been summarized to show averages by families at
three different economic levels.2
A comparison of the amounts spent for food per capita per week 3
by families at the three expenditure levels shows the total at the
highest plane to be slightly more than twice that at the lowest. The
Negro families in both these cities devoted a smaller proportion of
their total food expenditures to milk products and miscellaneous
foods, and a larger proportion to meat, than the white families at
comparable economic levels.
T

able

37.— Expenditures for food per capita per week
[N egro fam ilies of w&ge earners an d clerical w orkers]

Ite
m

A verage per ca p ita ex­
p en d itu re in 1 w eek
in th e sp rin g quarter
in —
C in cin n a ti

N u m b e r of fam ilies fu rn ish in g d a ta on food pu rch ased in sp rin g quarter.
T o ta l exp en d itu re for—
A ll fo o d s_________________________________
G rain p ro d u cts_________________________
E g g s-------------------------------------------------------M ilk , cheese, ice crea m _________________
B u tte r an d crea m _______________________
O ther fa ts________________________________
M e a t, p o u ltr y , fish an d other sea food
V eg eta b les an d fru its___________________
Sugars an d sw e e ts_______________________
M iscella n eo u s fo o d s_____________________
Sales ta x _________________________________
T o ta l exp en d itu re for—
A ll fo o d s_________________________________
G rain p ro d u cts_________________________
E g g s-------------------------------------------------------M ilk , cheese, ice crea m _________________
Butter an d cream_________________
O ther fa ts________________________________
M e a t, p o u ltr y , fish an d other sea food.
V eg eta b les an d fr u its___________________
Sugars an d sw e e ts______________________
M iscella n eo u s fo o d s____________________
Sales ta x _________________________________

81
$2.13
.34
.19
.53
.46
.08

In d ia n ­
apolis
101

$1.82
.32
.17
.08
.22
.41
.35

.10
.06

100.0

P ercen t

16.0
4 .2
8 .9
3.8
9 .4
24.8
21.6
3.8
4.7
2.8

P ercen t

100.0

17.6
5.5
9 .3
4 .4

12.1

22.6

19.2
4.9
4.4

In part, the very small expenditure for milk products by Negro
families found at the highest economic level studied is due to the
relatively small number of children in this group. In part, however,
it seems to be due to a general tendency not to consume as much milk
as the white families. In the groups spending from $400 to $600 per
expenditure unit among the white families in Cincinnati and Indian2 See footn ote 1, p. 94, an d T a b u lar S u m m a ry , ta b le 7.
3 S in ce h u m a n n eed s for an d c u sto m a ry c o n su m p tio n of food s of d ifferent ty p e s v a r y co n sid erab ly for
p erson s of d ifferen t age an d sex, it is im p o ssib le to c o m p u te a n y sin g le m easu re of fa m ily size w h ich w ill
b e a p p ro p riate for com p a rin g th e con su m p tio n of sp ecific foods from one fa m ily to an oth er. C h ild ren ’s
n e e d for m ilk is a p p ro x im a tely tw ic e as great as th a t of a d u lts, w h ile th e n eed of a d u lts for h eat-p ro d u cin g
fo o d s (starch es an d sugars) is ab o u t tw ic e as great as th a t of ch ild ren . C h ild ren ’s con su m p tio n of m eat
v a ries from th a t of a d u lts a t a still d ifferen t rate. In order to secure figures on q u a n tities of in d iv id u a l
fo o d s p u rch ased an d on exp en d itu res for in d iv id u a l foods w h ic h w o u ld p rov id e a rea so n ab ly satisfactory
b a sis for com p arison an d y e t n o t p resen t a m islead in g ap p earance of refin em en t, d a ta on fa m ily purch ases
of in d iv id u a l food s h a v e b een con v erted to a per cap ita b asis.




96

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

apolis, the average consumption of milk per capita per week was 4.77
pounds (after converting condensed and evaporated to equivalent
quantities of whole milk) and among the Negro families spending $400
and over, 3.92 pounds on the same basis.
An estimate of the proportion of families at each of the three
economic levels spending enough to buy an adequate diet shows a
striking progression from those in the lowest to those in the highest.
For Cincinnati, the proportion rises from 2.8 percent of the families
at the lowest level, to 34.6 percent at the intermediate level and 84.2
F ig .14.

PROPORTION OF FAMILIES SPENDING ENOUGH TO
PURCHASE AN ADEQUATE DIET AT MINIMUM COST
AT SUCCESSIVE ECONOMIC LEVELS
1935-1936
NEGRO FAMILIES

CINCINNATI

ECONOMIC LEVELS
fA M O U N T S P E N T P E R
E X P E N D IT U R E U N IT )

PERCENT

A L L FAM ILIES
UNDER

$300

$300

$400

UNDER

$400 * OVER
"«>

INDIANAPOLIS
A L L FAM ILIES
UNDER

$300

$300

$400

$400

UNDER

OVER

NOTE “

The *
'Adequate D ie t A t M inim um Cost* o f the United Sta te s Bureau o f Home
Econom ics Was U s e d as the Basis for these Computations.

U S BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
.

percent at the highest. In Indianapolis, no families at the lowest
level, 20.8 percent at the intermediate level, and 78.1 percent at the
highest spent enough to purchase an adequate diet. For the method
of making this estimate and its limitations, see page 47.
Housing
Housing facilities.

Home owners, who constituted 10 percent of the Negro families
studied in Cincinnati and 19 percent in Indianapolis, enjoyed larger
houses than the renters in the group, an average difference of one
room in Indianapolis and in Cincinnati.




EXPENDITURES E R SPECIFIED G O S
O
OD

97

From table 38 it is apparent that the number of persons per room
was greater among families living in multiple-dwelling units than
among home owners and renters of houses. A more striking fact
shown in this table is the consistent downward movement in the num­
ber of persons per room with rise in economic level. The relatively
high standard of most of these families m regard to the minimum
necessary space is not to be taken as indicating the condition of all
Negroes in these two cities, since it must be remembered that the
sample is a cross section only of wage earners and clerical workers with
a given minimum employment and income, who at no time during
the schedule year had received relief.
As with the white families, home owners surpassed renters in the
proportion of families having garden space. Six of the 10 home
owners in Cincinnati and 17 of the 19 in Indianapolis had space
suitable for gardening in connection with their homes, whereas the
corresponding figures for renters were 8 out of 90 and 63 out of 82.
T a b l e 3 8 . — Average

number of persons per room, at successive economic levels, 1 year
during the period 1934-36

[N g ofa ilie o wg e r e s a dc r a wr e s
e r m s f a e a n r n le ic l o k r ]

Ite m

A ll fam i­
lies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies w ith an ­
n u a l u n it exp en d itu re of—
U n d er $300 $300 to $400

$400 a n d
over

C in c in n a ti

N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y -------------------------------------------A verage n u m b er of persons per room am on g—
H o m e ow n ers 1_______________________ ________________
R en ters of h o u ses _____ _ _ _ __ __ _ _____ __
R en ters o f h eated a p a r tm e n ts
______ ______ ____
R en ters of u n h e a te d a p a rtm en ts __________________

100

36

26

38

0.85
1.01

1.30
1.43

0.69
.90

0. 52
.69

101
0.63
.76

45
0. 76
.97

24
0. 56
.56

32
0.49
.50

In d ia n a p o lis

N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y . ------------------- ----------------A verage n u m b er of persons per room am on g—
H o m e o w n e r s __ _____ __ __ _ __ __ ______ __
R en ters of h o u ses _ ______________ - --------------------R en ters of h eated a p a rtm en ts 1
_ _
R en ters of u n h e a te d a p a rtm en ts 1 _ _ _______ ______

i F u e n t p e n db c u o sm ll n m e o fa ilie inth c ssific tio .
ig r s o r se te e a se f a u b r f m s
is la a n

Only 4 of the 100 Negro families studied in Cincinnati and 37 of
the 101 in Indianapolis reported the use of garages. In each city a
larger proportion of home owners were so equipped.
Thirty-two percent of the renters and 40 percent of the home
owners among Negro families in Cincinnati, and 20 percent of the
renters and 63 percent of the home owners in Indianapolis, lived in
dwellings without one or more of the following facilities: Running hot
water, inside flush toilets, electric lights, and gas or electricity for
cooking. From table 39, which shows the percentage of families




98

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REG N
IO

having various facilities such as central heating, telephone, etc., it is
apparent that the home owners lived in relatively more comfortable
dwellings than did renters. Even so, 40 percent of the home owners
in Cincinnati and about 21 percent in Indianapolis did not have access
to inside flush toilets. Forty-one percent of the renters in Cincinnati
and about 5 percent in Indianapolis shared the use of the toilet with
other families.
In table 9 of the Tabular Summary, the data on housing facilities
are presented in greater detail, including a break-down according to
economic level.
Housing expenditures.

Due to the relative urgency of their housing requirements, when
the Negro families were classified according to economic level, at each
plane approximately a quarter of total expenditures were devoted to
housing including fuel, light, and refrigeration. (For further details,
see table 10 in the tablular summary.)
T able

39.— Housing facilities at the end of the schedule yeary 1 year during the period
1934-36
[N egro fam ilies of w age earners and clerical w orkers]
Item

N u m b e r of fam ilies w h o o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e a t en d of sch ed u le year _ _____
P ercen ta ge of ow ners h a v in g —
C entral heat- _ _
________
______
G as or e lec tric ity for cook in g _____ ______ __ __ _ _______ _______ ____
E lectric refrigerator.— _ ___ ___________
__ _ __ _________ _ ._ _ __
R u n n in g h o t w ater
______
____ ______ _ _ ____________ ___________ _
In sid e flu sh to ile t.________________ ______ ____ __ _ _ _ __ _ _______ ____ __
Sole u se of to ile t _
______ ________ __ _ _________ ___________ __ __ __ _
T elep h o n e
__ _ _ _ __ ______ ______ ________ ________
G arage
_ _ __ _____ __ ____________ ______ ________________ __ _____
G arden sp a ce__________ ___ _ -------------- __ ___ ___ ------------------------------------ --P la y sp ace
__ _ _ _ ____ __ __ ______ _______________
_ _______
E a ch of th e fo llow in g item s: In sid e flu sh to ilet, ru n n in g h o t w ater, electric
lig h ts, an d gas or e lec tric ity for co o k in g_____ __ _____ ______ _________________
N u m b e r of fam ilies w h o ren ted p rin cip al h o m e at en d of sch ed u le year __ _ __
P ercen ta ge of renters h a v in g —
C en tral heat__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____________ _ _ _ _ _ . _ _ _
G as or electricity for c o o k in g . __________________ ______ __ __ ___ _ _ _
E lectric refrigerator
„ ._ _ __________ ______ __ __ __________ __ _ _
________ __ __
R u n n in g h o t w ater _ _ _ _ _ _________ _ _ ____
In sid e flu sh to ile t______________________ ____________________________________ _ _
Sole u se of to ile t.
__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ __ _________ _
T elep h o n e _ _ _ ______
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______ ____ __
G arage_____ ____ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ ____ ___________ _ _______ __ _ _ __
G ard en sp a ce____________ _____ ______ __ __ ____________ __ _ ______ _____
P la y sp a ce _______ ___________ __________ __ __ __ _ __ _____ _____ __ __ _
E a ch of th e follow in g item s: In sid e flush to ilet, ru n n in g h o t w ater, electric
lig h ts, an d gas or e lectricity for co o k in g_____________ _ _________ _____ _____ __

C in cin n a ti
10
50.0
50.0
10.0
50.0
60.0
90.0
50.0
10.0
60.0
50.0
40.0
90
32.2
70.0
6.7
32.2
82.2
58.9
11.1
3.3
8.9
35.6
32.2

In d ia n ­
ap olis
19
57.9
68.4
21.1
63. 2
78.9
100. 0
5.3
68.4
89 .5
89. 5
63. 2
82
29.3
32.9
1 .2
34.1
63.4
95.1
1. 2
29.3
76.8
76.8
19.5

Home owners.— Among Negro home owners in Indianapolis, average
current expenditures for housing were about $50 less than for white
families in that city (see table 40 and tabular summary, table 10).
Of the items included, taxes, interest on mortgages, and repairs and
replacements accounted for about 90 percent of the total housing
expenditure, which averaged $111. Due to the small number of




99

EXPENDITURES FO SPECIFIED G O S
R
OD

cases, the movement of current housing expenditure with increase in
economic level is extremely irregular.
On the average, these Negro families in Indianapolis were able to
invest about $90 in their own homes; that is, to make payments on
principal of mortgages or permanent improvements.
Renters.— The average monthly rental rate for apartments with heat
not included in rent was $14 in Cincinnati. Even for houses in this
city, the average rental rate per month was less than $18 (see table 40).
In general, there was a tendency for the average monthly rent paid to
increase with rise in economic level, as can be seen in table 10 of the
tabular summary.
Secondary housing.— None of the Negro families studied owned a
vacation home, nor did any family pay rent on a vacation or a trip.
T

able

40.— Housing expenditures, 1 year during the period 1934--86
[N egro fam ilies of w age earners an d clerical w orkers]
Item

ia n
C in cin n a ti In d olis a p ­

H e o n for 1 mn s
om w ers 2 o th

N u m b er of fa m ilies______________________________________________________________________
A verage current ex p en d itu re___________________________________________________________
A verage a m o u n t in v este d d u rin g year in o w n ed h o m e ______________________________
A verage an n u al ren tal v a lu e ____________________________________________________________
A verage im p u ted in com e from e q u ity in ow n h o m e_________________________________

R ters ofh u for 1 mn s
en
o ses 2 o th

N u m b e r of fa m ilies______________________________________________________________________
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l rate p a id _____________________________________________________

10

19
$111
$91
$168
$56

20
$18

(9
(9
(9
(9

63
$11

R tersfor 1 mn s ofa a en w h tin d inren
en
2 o th p rtm ts ith ea clu ed
t
N u m b e r of fa m ilies______________________________________________________________________
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l rate p a id _____________________________________________________

<
9

4

(9

4

R tersfor 1 m th ofa a en w h t n t in d inren
en
2 on s p rtm ts ith ea o clu ed
t
N u m b e r of fa m ilies______________________________________________________________________
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l rate p a id _____________________________________________________

S d ryh u g
econ a o sin

N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y __________________________________________________________
A verage ex p en d itu re for o w n ed v a ca tio n h o m e_______________________________________
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for ren t on v a ca tio n or trip ___________________________
A verage exp en d itu re for ren t oh va ca tio n or trip per fa m ily m a k in g su ch ex p en d i­
tu r e _____________________________________________________________________________________
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for ren t at sch oo l_______________________________________

6
6

$14

100
0
0
0

1

(9

15
101
0
0
0
0

i In form ation n o t p resen ted b ecau se of sm a ll n u m b er of fam ilies in th is classification .
Fuel , light, and refrigeration.— Expenditures for fuel, light, and
refrigeration were heaviest in winter and fall, with practically no
purchases of coal in spring and summer. In table 11 of the tabular
summary, detailed information is presented for expenditures for
electricity, anthracite, bituminous coal, coke, briquets, wood, fuel
oil, gas, kerosene, gasoline not used for automobiles, and ice. Since
the actual amount paid for fuel, light, and refrigeration depends to a
large extent on whether a house or an apartment is involved, and on




100

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

whether the rent paid the landlord includes heat, data are presented
in that table for families in 4 separate housing categories as well as
in the form of averages for all families.
Other items of household operation.— Items of household operation
other than fuel, light, and refrigeration include water rent, telephone,
domestic service, laundry sent out, laundry soap and cleaning sup­
plies, and other miscellaneous items. Expenditures for these items
as shown in table 12 of the tabular summary increased markedly from
low to high planes of living. Laundry out and telephone expenditures
increased manyfold from the lowest to the highest economic levels, as
they did among white families. Expenditures for part-time domestic
service were reported by 1 family at the highest level in Cincinnati,
and 1 at the lowest in Indianapolis. Full-time domestic service was
enjoyed only by 1 family at the highest plane in Cincinnati.
Furnishings and Equipment 4
Expenditures for furnishings and equipment were largely for suites
of furniture, electric refrigerators, ice boxes, stoves and ranges, and
carpets and rugs. At the lowest level, an average of $35.60 was spent
for this group of items for the year, whereas, by some coincidence,
families at the two highest levels, spent $52.24 (see table 41 and
Tabular Summary, table 18.)
T

41.— Expenditures for furnishings and equipment at different economic levels,
1 year during the period 1934-86
[N egro fam ilies of w age earners an d clerical w orkers in C in c in n a ti an d In d ia n a p o lis com b in ed ]

able

Item

F a m ilies w ith an n u al u n it e x p e n d i­
tu re of—
U n d er $300 $300 to $400 $400 an d
over

N u m b e r of fam ilies in su r v e y ______________________
T o ta l exp en d itu re for fu rn ish in gs an d eq u ip m en t
F u rn itu re________________________________________
T e x tile fu rn ish in g s______________________________
S ilv er, ch in a , an d glassw are____________________
E lectrica l e q u ip m e n t___________________________
M iscella n eo u s e q u ip m e n t______________________
T o ta l e x p en d itu re for fu rn ish in gs an d eq u ip m e n t
F u rn itu re________________________________________
T e x tile fu rn ish in g s______________________________
Silver,' ch in a, an d glassw are____________________
E lectrica l e q u ip m e n t___________________________

M e n o se u mn
isc lla e u q ip e t_____________

81
$35.60
13.35
6. 71
.69
4.02
10.83

50
$52. 24

20.01
10. 22

.52
12.91
8.58

P t
ercen

P t
ercen

37.5
18.8
1.9
11.3
30.5

38.3
19.6

100.0

100.0

1.0

24.7
16.4

70
$52. 24
25. 46
6.85
.01
10. 37
9. 55

P t
ercen

100.0

48.7
13.1
0)
19.9
18.3

1 L ess th a n 0.05 p ercen t.
4 B ecau se of th e h ig h v a r ia b ility ch aracteristic of exp en d itu res for fu rn ish in gs an d e q u ip m e n t (see p . 56),
figures fn exp en d itu res for sp ecified item s b y th e N egro fam ilies stu d ie d h a v e b een p resen ted in term s of
averages for th e tw o cities co m b in ed .




NOTES ON TABULAR SUMMARY

101

The goods purchased at different levels varied not only in kind, but
in quantity. The articles purchased by the largest proportion of
families at the lowest economic level were fundamentals of house­
hold equipment: Brooms, brushes, and mops; electric light bulbs;
stoves and ranges (other than electric stoves); tubs, boards, and
wringers; and sheets and pillow cases. Curtains and draperies,
upholstered chairs, electric refrigerators, and felt-base floor coverings,
on the contrary, were purchased by families at the highest level rela­
tively more frequently than by those at the lowest.
Of the various groups of items coming under the general head of
furnishings and equipment, those for electrical equipment increased
most markedly from low to high planes of living.
Clothing 5
Total expenditure per family fo r clothing .

Total expenditure for clothing by Negro families in the East North
Central region averaged $95 per family (see tabular summary, table
17). Outlays for families at the lowest level averaged $90, rose to
$103 for the intermediate group, and declined to $96 for the highest.
Differences in size of family at these three different levels resulted in
average unit clothing expenditure at the three levels of $26, $41, and
$49, respectively.
Home sewing .— That the custom of buying clothes ready to wear
extends to the Negroes studied is indicated by the overwhelming pro­
portion of total clothing expenditure going to purchase of ready-made
clothing, dry cleaning, and accessories. Expenditure for yard goods
and findings used for sewing garments at home averaged only $1.05
per family at the lowest level, rose to $1.69 at the next level, and
dropped to $0.84 at the highest. Paid help for sewing claimed a
very small proportion of the expenditure by Negro families, as was
the case with the white group, averaging only 14 cents per family at
the highest level.
Gifts o f clothing.

Gifts of clothing, if paid for from family funds and exchanged
within the economic family, were not recorded as gifts but simply as
clothing expenses of the family. When, however, gifts were received
from persons outside the family circle, an attempt was made to ascer­
tain their value. Sixteen percent of the families at the lowest eco­
nomic level, 24 percent at the intermediate level, and 16 percent at the
highest reported receiving such gifts. Their value as estimated by
the families averaged $1 at both the lowest and the highest level, but
5 B eca u se of th e great v a r ia b ility in exp en d itu res for clo th in g an d th e resu ltin g d iffic u lty in securing
reliab le averages for ex p en d itu res for in d iv id u a ls (see p . 57), averages h a v e b een co m p u ted for C in cin n ati
an d In d ia n a p o lis co m b in ed , an d n o t for th e tw o cities sep ara tely.




102

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

as some of the families could not judge these values, they have not
been included, and the above figures do not give a complete account
of this item.
Clothing expenditures fo r men and hoys.

The limited number of persons aged less than 18 among the Negro
families studied bars comparison of average clothing expenditure of
boys in lower age groups at various economic levels. The adult men
and boys aged 18 years and over purchased clothing of an average
value of $23 per person at the lowest economic level, $33 per person
at the next level, and $45 at the highest level.
T

able

42.— Distribution of clothing expenditures for individuals in families, at
successive economic levels, 1 year during the period 1934-86

[M en an d b o y s in N egro fam ilies of w ag e earners an d clerical w orkers, in C in cin n a ti an d In d ia n ap o lis
com bined]

A ll
Sex, age group, an d ty p e of clo th in g fam ilies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ­
ilies w ith a n n u a l u n it
exp en d itu re of—
U n d er $300 to $400 and
over
$300
$400

M e n an d b o y s 18 years of age an d
over:
H e a d w e a r- __________ ______ __ _
O u ter w e a r __ __ _______ _______
U n d e r w e a r ., . . . _ __ ------------ --F o o tw ea r ______
_ -------------M iscella n eo u s ite m s_____ __ ___
T o ta l_____________________________

$1.47
17.74
1.98
7. 90
3.00
32. 09

$1.06
12.05
1.57
6.43
1.99
23.10

$1. 71
16.24
2.64
8. 24
3.91
32.74

$1.83
27.44
2.12
9. 71
3. 73
44.83

A ll
fam ilies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ­
ilies w ith a n n u a l u n it
exp en d itu re of—
U n d er $300 to $400 an d
$300
$400
over

P ercen t

4 .6
55.3
6.2
24.6
9 .3

100.0

P ercen t

P ercen t

8.6

5 .2
49.6
8.1
25.2
11.9

100.0

100.0

100.0

4 .6
52.2
6.8
27.8

P ercen t

4.1
61.2
4 .7
21.7
8.3

When their clothing expenditures are grouped according to general
type of item (see table 42), expenditures for outerwear and footwear
are found to constitute 80 percent for the group as a whole. Expend­
itures for outerwear at the highest levels take a distinctly larger pro­
portion of the total than at the low and intermediate levels. The
proportion spent for footwear, on the other hand, declined with rise
in economic plane. The proportions spent for headwear and for
miscellaneous items moved irregularly. The largest expense in the
group of miscellaneous items was for cleaning and repairing, for which
each man using such services averaged $1.43 at the lowest economic
level and $2.93 at the highest.
Clothing expenditures fo r women and girls.

Clothing expenditures for women and girls aged 18 years and over
averaged slightly less than those for men at the lowest and highest
levels, but were significantly larger at the intermediate level. They
were $22 at the lowest economic level, $37 at the next, and $42 at the
highest.




EXPENDITURES FOR SPECIFIED G O S
OD

103

DISTRIBUTION OF ANNUAL CLOTHING
EXPENDITURES FOR INDIVIDUALS IN FAM ILIES
AT SU C C E SSIV E ECONOMIC L E V E L S
TW O CITIES IN THE EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

1 9 3 4 -1 9 3 6
NEGRO FAMILIES
0

10

DOLLARS
20

30

0

ITEM

10

DOLLARS
20

30

HEADWEAR

OUTERWEAR

UNDERWEAR

FOOTWEAR

MISCELLANEOUS
U .S . BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTIC S

534 8 5 °— 40------ 8




40

104
T

able

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
43 . —

D istrib u tio n o f clothing expenditures fo r individuals in fa m i li e s , at
successive econ om ic levels , 1 yea r during the period 1 9 3 4 - 3 6

[W om en an d girls in N egro fam ilies of w age earners an d clerical w orkers in C in cin n a ti an d In d ia n ap o lis
com bined]

A ll
S ex , age group, an d ty p e s of cloth in g fam ilies

W o m en an d girls 18 years of age an d
over:
H eadw ear___
__ ___ __ ___
O u terw ear_______ ________________
U n d erw ea r. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______
F o o tw ea r .
__ __ _ -------------M iscella n eo u s it e m s ._ _________
T o ta l.
_
_____ _______

$1.60
14.53
3.36
10.59
1.87
31.95

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ­
ilies w ith an n u al u n it
exp en d itu re of—
U n d er $300 to $400 an d
$400
$300
over

$1.03
9.29
2.14
8.39
1.01
21.86

$1.94
16.12
4.42
11.59
2.46
36.53

$2.06
20.24
4.16
12. 65
2. 51
41. 62

A ll
fam ilies

P ercen t

5.0
45.5
10.5
33.1
5.9

100.0

E co n o m ic lev el— F a m ­
ilies w ith an n u al u n it
exp en d itu re of—
U n d er $300 to $400 and
$300
$400
over
P ercen t

4 .7
42.5
9 .8
38.4
4.6
100.0

P ercen t

5.3
44.2
12.1
31.7
6 .7
100.0

P ercen t

4 .9
48.7
10.0
30.4
6.0
100.0

Classification of clothing expenditures by type of article indicates
that among Negro women and girls aged 18 years and over in the East
North Central region, outerwear and footwear together accounted for
78.6 percent of their total (table 43). Outerwear (coats, suits,
dresses, blouses, and sweaters) was the largest item of expense, with
an average of $15. Footwear (including shoes, rubbers, and hosiery),
representing an average expenditure of $11, was second; underwear,
with $3, came third; and miscellaneous items (including accessories)
and headwear, each averaging $2, tied for fourth. When classified by
economic level, footwear expenditures, while increasing in dollars,
claimed a decreasing proportion of the total. Expenditures for outer­
wear and miscellaneous items, on the other hand, took an increasing
proportion at the higher levels.

Other Groups of Items of Current Expenditure
In spite of the increase in dollar expenditures for recreation (see
table 45 and Tabular Summary, table 15) with rise in economic level,
the proportion of total expenditures designated for the varied items
classified under this category declined. At all planes of living in each
city, expenditures for tobacco were the largest, with newspapers
second. Admissions to movie houses accounted for the next item of
amusement. In the two cities combined, a larger percentage of fami­
lies owned radios at the highest than at the lowest economic level,
where 39.5 percent of the Negro families had them. (See table 44.)
The number of families purchasing radios increased from low to high
economic levels. However, the average price they paid increased
from $24 to $37 in Cincinnati, but decreased from $62 to $54 in
Indianapolis.




105

NOTES ON TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

44 . —

R a d io o w n ersh ip and p urchase, at successive econ om ic levels, 1 yea r
d u rin g the period 1 9 8 ^ -8 6

[Negro families of wage earners and clerical workers in Cincinnati and Indianapolis combined]

Item

A ll fam ilies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies w ith an ­
n u a l u n it exp en d itu re of—
U n d er $300 $300 to $400

N u m b e r of fam ilies in s u r v e y ._____________________ ____
P ercen ta ge of fam ilies:
O w n in g r a d io s ._
. . . . . . __ _________________ __
P u rch a sin g radios ____________________ ____________
A verage am o u n t p a id for radio per fa m ily p u r c h a sin g .._
T

able

45 . —

201
48.3
10.0
$48

81
39.5
6 .2
$39

$400 an d
over

50
60.0
8 .0
$58

70
50.0
15.7
$49

E x p en d itu res f o r recreation and transporta tion at 2 different econ om ic
levels, 1 year d u rin g the period 1 9 8 4.-8 6

[N egro fa m ilies of w age earners an d clerical w orkers]
Ite m
N u m b e r of fa m ilie s s t u d ie d ___________ _______ __ ______
R ecrea tio n ex p en d itu res:
A verage a m o u n t_______ _____ __ __ __ _ ________
P ercen ta ge for—
T o b a c c o _____ . . . ___ . . . . ____ . .
M o v ie s . . . ._
_______ . . _______ ________ N ew sp a p ers___ . _______ ______ _________._
O ther r e a d in g ._
_______ _
______ __ __ _
R ecreation a l e q u ip m e n t, e tc . _
. ..
P ercen ta g e o f fam ilies o w n in g ra d io s___ __ _
P ercen ta g e o f fa m ilies p u rch asin g r a d io s .__ __ _ _
A v era g e a m o u n t p a id for radio p e r fa m ily p u rch as­
in g
_________ . _______ ______ ____ _ _ __
T ra n sp o rta tio n e x p en d itu res:
A verage a m o u n t
_
______ _____________ .
P ercen ta g e for—
A u to m o b ile p u rch ase, m a in te n a n c e , and care__
_________
O ther
. . . __________ ____
P er c en ta g e of fa m ilie s o w n in g a u to m o b ile _____
E x p en d itu r e for a u to m o b ile m ain ten an ce:
A verage a m o u n t per fa m ily ow n in g a u to ­
m o b ile
____ _____
P ercen ta ge for—
G a solin e an d oil
. . ___ _____ __ _
G arage ren t an d p a rk in g . _ _____ ____ __
O ther
______ ____________

C in cin n a ti

In d ia n a p o lis

36
$31
41.0
17.6
28.9
.4
12.1
55.6
8.3
$24
$32
7 .5
92 .5
5.6

38
$49
48.5
19.6
2 0 .5
1.4
10.0
55.3
7.9
$37
$84
42.1
57.9
21.1

45
$32
45.2
15.-9
22.1
2 .0
14.8
26. 7
4 .4
$62
$41
34.3
65.7
20.0

32
$57
39.1
11.0
14.7
1.6
33.6
43.8
25 .0
$54
$82
58.3
41.7
34.4

$43
56. 5
20 .9
22.6

$139
53.1
14.5
32 .4

$56
69.5
0
30.5

$75
63.8
0
36.2

If it had been possible to segregate the amount of transportation
expense undertaken primarily for recreational purposes, the pattern
of such expenditures would perhaps have assumed a different appear­
ance. The percentage of total transportation expenditures devoted
to automobile purchase, maintenance, and care increased with rise in
economic level, although in each case it was less than that for white
families. The percentage for other forms of transportation declined.
(See tabular summary, table 13.) The average expenditure for au­
tomobile maintenance per family owning automobiles increased with
rise in economic level. Over half of such expenditures went for gaso­
line, with a fifth or less in Cincinnati for garage but none for this pur­
pose in Indianapolis. None of the Negro families surveyed in Cin­
cinnati purchased a new car during the schedule year, but two bought




106

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

second-hand cars at an average price of $114. In Indianapolis, at an
average price of $171, six second-hand cars were purchased.
Average expenditure per person for personal care increased from $3
to $9 in Cincinnati, and in Indianapolis from $4 at the lowest economic
level to $10 at the highest. (See tabular summary, table 14.)







Part III.— Tabular Summary

107




109

TABULAR SUMMARY
T a b le 1.— D istrib u tio n

o f f a m ilie s , by econom ic level and in co m e level

$1,600 to $1,700

1

I $1,700 to $1,800

$1,400 to $1,500

$1,500 to $1,600

1

$1,200 to $1,300

$1,100 to $1,200

$800 to $900

$900 to $1,000

$1,300 to $1,400

$1,000 to $1,100

$700 to $800 j

0

$600 to $700

55 42 28 13 10 8 2 2
—
— — —
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 2 1 0 0 0 0 0
13 3 1 0 0 0 0 0
9 16 5 1 0 1 0 1
17 6 10 4 5 2 0 1
7 8 3 4 3 3 0 0
3 5 5 2 0 1 2 0
2 1 1 0 1 0 0 0
1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0

$500 to $600

$400 to $500

$300 to $400

$200 to $300

$100 to $200

In com e class

A ll fam ilies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g per exp en d itu re u n it per year—

0

O
C I N C I N N A T I , < H IO .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ____
A n n u a l n e t in com e of:
$500-$600__________
$600-$900__________
$900-$1.200________
$1,200-51,500______
$1*500-$1,800______
$1,800-$2,100______
$2,100-$2,400______
$2,400-$2,700______
$2,700-$3,000______
$3,000-$3,300______
$3,300-$3,600______
$3,600-$3,900______
$3,900-$4,200______
$4,200-$7,800______
$7,800-$8,100______

352
2
34
73
83
68
48
26
8
4
2
2
0
1
0
1

4
0
1
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

27
1
7
9
4
3
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

72
1
8
23
19
10
5
2
2
1
0
1
0
0
0
0

88
0
12
22
26
10
12
5
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
—

—

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0

0

0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

—

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

C IN C IN N A T I, O H IO — N E G R O F A M IL IE S
F a m ilie s in su r v e y . __
A n n u a l n e t in com e of:
$500-$600__________
$600-$900__________
$900-$l,200________
$1,200-$1,500______
$1,500-$1,800______
$1,800~$2,100______

100 10 26 26
— — —1
2 1 1 0
32 4 12 11
47 5 9
9
12 0 3 3
5 0 1 3
2 0
0 0

19
0
5
13
1
0
0

11
—
0
0
8
3
0
0

6

1

1

—

0

0
0
3
2
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
1
0

0

0

0

— —

—

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

—

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
—

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
—

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

C L E V E L A N D , O H IO .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S
Families in survey__ 490 2 33
— — —
1 0 1
17 1 5
1
78 0 1
124 0 9
116 0 5
97 0 2
28 1 0
13 0 0
7 0 0
5 0 0
2 0 0
0 0 0
1 0 0
1 0 0

Annual net income of:
$500-$600______
$600-$900______
$900-$l,200_____
$1,200-$1,500____
$1,500-$1,800____
$1,800-$2,100____
$2,100-$2,400____
$2,400-$2,700____
$2,700-$3,000____
$3,000-$3,300____
$3,300-$3,600____
$3,600-$3,900____
$3,900-$4,200____
$4,200-$4,500____




82
—
0
5
20
26
1
5
1
3
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

106
—
0
4
2
1
32
26
14
6
0
2
0
0
0
0
1

83
—
0
2
17
21
21
14
4
1
2
0
1
0
0
0

66
—
0
0
5
20
22
12
3
3
0
1
0
0
0
0

44 29 21 8
— — — —
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
2 0 1 0
7 6 2 1
12 8 3 2
13 12 10 4
6 1 2 0
1 1 2 1
2 0 0 0
1 0 1 0
0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0

5
0
0
0
0
1
2
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

4 4 1
— — —
6 0 0
0 0 0
l
0 0
0 0 0
l
0 0
0 0 1
0 1 0
2 1 0
0 1 0
0 1 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0

0
—

2
—

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
—

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

110
T

able

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
1.— Distribution of families, by economic level and income level— Con.

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ____
A n n u a l n e t in com e of:
$500-$600__________
$600-$900__________
$900-$1,200________
$1,200-$1,500______
$1,500-$1,800______
$1,800-$2,100______
$2,100-$2,400______
$2,400-$2,700______
$2,700-$3,000______
$3,000-$3,300______
$3,300-$3,600______

266

7

1
31
72
64
41
35
13
7
0
1
1

0
3
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

41 55
—
1 0
11 7
12 17
10 18
3 9
3 3
1 0
0 0
0 0
0 1
0 0

55
0
7
19
11
2
12
2
1
0
0
1

40
0
2
12
11
8
4
2
1
0
0
0

30
0
0
10
4
5
9
2
0
0
0
0

19
0
1
0
6
6
2
1
3
0
0
0

11
0
0
0
1
6
1
2
1
0
0
0

3
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0

1

4

0

0

0

0

0
0
0
0
0
o.
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0
2
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2

0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0

2

1

2
—■
—
0
0
0
0
0

0

—

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

D E T R O I T , M I C H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ____ 598 16 59 101 122 100
—
A n n u a l n e t in co m e of: —
$500-$600__________ 1 0 0 1 0 0
$600-$900__________ 31 6 5 9 7 2
$900-$l,200________ 96 7 18 23 16 22
$1,200-$1,500______ 158 1 26 32 44 21
$1,500-$1,800______ 137 2 8 20 24 30
$1,800-$2,100______ 1 0 0 0 2 11 19 10
$2,100-$2,400............. 41 0 0 4 5 13
$2,400~$2,700 _____ 2 2 0 0 1 6 1
$2,700-$3,000 _____ 6 0 0 0 1 0
$3,000-$3,300______ 3 0 0 0 0 0
1
$3,300~$3,600______ 1 0 0 0 0
$3,600-$3,900______ 2 0 0 0 0 0

76

56

32

19

10
—

0
1
5
18
18
19
8
4
0

1
2

0

0
1
3
11
18
11
3
6
2

0
0
2
4
11
12
1
1
1

0

0
0

1
0

0

0
0
0
1
5

0
0
0
0
1

9
3

6
2

0
0
1
1

0
0

0
0
0

1

0
0
0

0

0
0

1

0
0

0
0

0

0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0

0
0

0

c

—

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0

0

0

0

0

0
0

0
0
0
0

c
c
c

0

0
0
1

c
c

0
0
0
0

1

0
1

0
0

0
0

c
c
c
c
c
c
c

0
0

G R A N D R A P I D S , M I C H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ____
A n n u a l n e t in co m e of:
$500-$600__________
$600-$900__________
$900-$l,200________
$1,200-^1,500______
$1,500-$1,800______
$1,800-$2,100______
$2,100-$2,400______
$2,400-$2,700______
$2,700-$3,000____

194

4

43

39

55

19

12

11

4

4

1

1

1

0
—

1
35
62
46
28
17
3
1
1

0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
7
21
11
2
1
1
0
0

1
10
13
10
4
1
0
0
0

0
8
21
16
7
2
1
0
0

0
5
3
2
4
5
0
0
0

0
1
2
5
2
2
0
0
0

0
0
1
2
4
3
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
3
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
2
2
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1

—

1

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

—

0

0
—

0
—

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0

1

0

(

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ____
A n n u a l n e t in co m e of:
$500-$600__________
$600-$900__________
$9 0 0 -$ l,2 0 0 _ .______
$1,200-$1,500______
$1,500-$1,800______
$1,800-$2,100______
$2,100-$2,400______
$2,400-$2,700______
$2,700-$3,000______
$3,000-$3,300______




203
1
18
49
43
32
29
16
10
2
3

5
—

0
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

21
0
2
14
4
1
0
0
0
0
0

49
1
7
16
15
5
2
1
2
0
0

35
0
5
6
7
6
10
1
0
0
0

35
0
1
7
7
7
4
6
3
0
0

25
0
1
1
9
4
6
2
1
0
1

11
0
0
2
0
2
4
2
1
0
0

6
0
0
0
0
5
0
1
0
0
0

7
0
0
0
1
1
3
0
0
2
0

3
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0

—

3
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1

—

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

—

111

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

.

1 — Distribution of families, by economic level and income level— Con.

0

$1,700 to $1,800

$1,400 to $1,500

0

$1,600 to $1,700

$1,300 to $1,400

0

$1,500 to $1,600

$1,200 to $1,300

$1,000 to $1,100

$1,100 to $1,200

$800 to $900

$900 to $1,000

$700 to $800

$600 to $700

$500 to $600

8
£
0
1
CO

$400 to $500

$200 to $300

1 $100 to $200

In co m e class

A ll fam ilies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp e n d in g per ex p en d itu re u n it per year—

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D ,— N E G R O F A M I L I E S
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ____
A n n u a l n et in co m e of:
$500-$600__________
$600-$900__________
$900-$1,200________
$1,200-$1,500______
$1,500-$1,800______
$1,800-$2,100______

101

18

27

24

19

11

1

1

0

—

9
31
42
12
5
2

4
4
8
1
1
0

4
11
9
2
1
0

1
9
8
4
1
1

0
7
8
3
1
0

0
0
8
1
1
1

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
—

0

0

— —

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

2

0

0

—

0

0
—

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0

0
—

0

0
0
0
0
0
0

L A N S I N G , M I C H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S
F a m ilies in su r v e y ____
A n n u a l n et in co m e of:
$500-$600__________
$600-$900__________
$900-$1,200________
$1,200-$1,500______
$1,500-$1,800______
$1,800-$2,100______
$2,100-$2,400______
$2,400-$2,700______
$2,700-83,000______
$3 ,000 $3 ,3 00______

145

1

27

30

28

20

7

17

—

0
14
34
37
32
22
3
2
0
1

0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
4
14
6
3
0
0
0
0
0

0
5
9
12
4
0
0
0
0
0

0
4
7
7
4
4
2
0
0
0

0
1
3
3
11
2
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
7
4
5
0
1
0
0

0
0
1
0
2
3
1
0
0
0

4

7
—

0
0
0
1
3
3
0
0
0
0

—

0
0
0
0
1
2
0
0
0
1

1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

1
——
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

—

0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2

0

1

0
—

0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

M I L W A U K E E , W IS .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S
Families in survey___ 446
—
Annual net income of:
$500-$600________
0
$600-$900________ 14
$900-$1,200______ 79
$1,200-$1,500_____ 114
$1,500-$1,800_____ 125
$1,800-$2,100_____ 75
$2,100-$2,400_____ 22
9
$2,400-$2,700_____
3
$2,700-$3,000_____
5
$3,000-$3,300_____




2

40

—

79 116

66

56

—

0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
2
21
7
6

0
5
18
24
17

1
0
0
0

6
0
0
0

3

9

0

5
20
38
33
16

3

1
0
0

0
1
10
15
18
15

3
3

0
1

0
1
7

18
16
10
1

3

0
0

33

—

0

25

11

3

4

0
1
1
17

0
0
0
0
4

0

0
0
1
3

0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1

1
1
0
0

0
0
0
1

0
0
1
1

0
0
0
0

0
1
1

4

2

5

2

2

1
—

—

0
0
9
11

7
5

0

7

0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

0

112

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

a ble

2.— Description of fam ilies studied, by economic level
C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L IE S
E co n o m ic lev el— F a m ilies sp en d in g per exp en d itu re
u n it per year

A ll
fam i­
lies U n - $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100
to to to to to
to to
to
an d
$300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 over

Item

D is tr ib u tio n

by

O c c u p a tio n

o f C h ie f

1
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ----------------------- ------N u m b e r o f fam ilies in w h ic h chief
earner is—
C lerical w o rk er_________________________
S k illed w ag e earn er----------------------------S em isk illed w ag e earner_____________
U n sk ille d w a g e earn er________________
N u m b e r of fam ilies com p o sed of—
M a n an d w ife __________________________
M a n , w ife, an d 1 ch ild 2_______________
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 ch ild ren 2_____
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore ch ild ren 2__
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d ad u lts
(4 to 6 persons) 2_____________________
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts
(7 or m ore persons) 2_____ ________
M a n , w ife, an d 1 a d u lt________________
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u lts__________
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore a d u lts____
A d u lts (2 or 3 p erson s n o t in clu d in g
m an an d w ife )______
_______ _
A d u lts (4 or m ore p erson s n o t in c lu d ­
in g m a n an d w ife )___________________
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (2 or 3
persons n o t in c lu d in g m a n an d w ife ).
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (4 or
m ore persons n o t in c lu d in g m an
an d w ife )_____________________________
E a rn e r a n d b y F a m ily

T yp e

352

31

72

88

55

42

28

13

10

8

5

95
81
143
33
87
63
62
1
29
9
36
18
1
21
12
9

3
4
19
5
0
1
16
1
4
6
0
0
0
0
1
1

18
11
30
13
3
15
20
0
10
3
6
6
0
3
3
1

31
19
32
6
17
13
18
0
9
0
10
4
0
6
5
5

9
18
24
4
14
17
2
0
4
0
9
5
0
3
0
1

9
11
18
4

5
4
4
0
5
5
1
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0

5
2
3
0
7
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0

2
2
4
0

0
5
2
0
3
1

11
9
7
1
15
2
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
5
2

0

0

0

0

7
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

2
1
.2
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

4

1

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

330
1
12
2
7

31
0
0
0
0

65
1
4
0
2

83
0
4
0
1

52
0
1
1
1

40
0
1
0
1

26
0
1
0
1

12
0
0
1
0

8
0
1
0
1

8
0
0
0
0

5
0
0
0
0

352
3. 51
46
1
2
12
3. 37
0.88
2. 49
3.09
0.16

31
5. 52
2
0
0
0
5.44
2. 82
2. 62
4. 76
0.10

72
4.14
7
0
1
1
4.00
1.31
2. 69
3. 61
0.14

88
3. 45
12
0
0
3
3.29
0. 82
2.47
3.03
0.17

55
3.00
6
0
0
2
2.94
0. 44
2.50
2.73
0.11

42
3.01
8
1
0
1
2. 82
0.49
2. 33
2. 61
0.22

28
2.64
5
0
0
3
2.48
0.09
2.39
2. 38
0.18

13
2. 71
1
0
0
0
2.68
0.53
2.15
2.53
0.05

10
2.48
2
0
0
0
2. 30
0
2.30
2.23
0. 21

8
3.05
3
0
0
1
2.75
0
2. 75
2.68
0. 32

5
2.28
0
0
1
1
2.20
0.40
1.80
2.13
0.40

15
9
5
0
2

D istr ib u tio n b y N a tiv ity o f H o m e m a k e r

N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g no h o m e­
m a k er___ _ __________________________
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g ho m em a k er
born in —
U n ite d S tates
_ _ ___ _ _ _ _
I ta ly ____ . . . ________ ______________
G e r m a n y .. . . . __ __ . . . . . . _ . . .
R u ssia ________ __ _ _ _______________
O t h e r ___________________________________
C o m p o sitio n

o f H o u s eh o ld

N u m b e r of h o u se h o ld s_________ ______
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u se­
h o ld _____________________________________
N u m b e r of h o u seh o ld s w ith —
B oarders an d lod gers___
______
B oarders o n ly __________________________
L odgers o n ly ----------------------------------------O ther p erso n s__________________________
A verage size of eco n o m ic fa m ily in —
P erson s, to ta l_________________________
U n d er 16 yea rs of a g e_______________
16 years o f age an d ov er_____________
E x p en d itu r e u n its _____________________
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u se­
h o ld n o t m em b ers o f eco n om ic fa m ily .

1 “ C h ild ren ” are d efin ed as p ersons u n d er 16 years of age. “ A d u lts” are persons 16 years of age an d over.
2 F a m ilies of th ese ty p e s are in clu d ed in th e 1917-18 stu d y , C ost of L iv in g in th e U n ite d S tates, B . L . S.
B u ll. N o . 357, 1924.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 377.




TABULAR SUMMARY

113

T able 2.— Description of families studied, by economic level— Continued

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
E co n o m ic lev el— F a m ilies sp en d in g per exp en d itu re u n it per year
Ite m

A ll
fam i­
lies

U n­
der
$300

$300
to
$400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$600
to
$700

$700
to
$800

$800 $900 $1,000 $1,110
to
to
to
an d
$900 $1, 000 $1.100 over

E a r n in g s a n d In c o m e

352
F a m ilie s in su r v e y .......................
N u m b e r o f fam ilies h a v in g —
E a rn in g s of su b sid ia ry earners.
111
N e t earn in gs from boarders
44
an d lo d g ers________ __________
15
O ther n e t r e n ts______ __________
29
In terest an d d iv id e n d s ............ ..
P en sio n s an d in su ran ce an10
n u itie s________ _____ __________
G ifts from persons o u tsid e
21
eco n o m ic fa m ily ................... ..
13
O ther sources o f in c o m e---------D e d u c tio n s from in co m e (b u sin ess losses an d exp en ses) —
7
S u rp lu s (n et increase in assets
214
an d /or decrease in lia b ilities)
D e fic it (n et decrease in assets
an d /or in crease in lia b ilities) _ 135
4
In h e r ita n c e ___________________ .
A verage n u m b er o f ga in fu l w o rk ­
ers per fa m ily ..................................... 1.41
A verage a m o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in c o m e .................... $1, 523
E a rn in g s of in d iv id u a ls_____ 1,468
C h ief earn er_______________ 1, 275
S u b sid ia ry earn ers-----------193
M ales: 16 years an d o v e r .. 1, 248
U n d er 16 y ea rs____
2
F em ales: 16 years an d
o v e r ______ __
218
U n d er 16 y e a r s ._ (3)
N e t earn in gs from boarders
an d lo d g e r s ._ . . . . ._
27
O ther n e t r e n ts________ . . .
5
In terest an d d iv id e n d s. __ __
4
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce an ­
n u itie s_____________________
13
G ifts from persons o u tsid e
2
eco n om ic fa m ily ___________
O ther sources of in c o m e . _ _
4
D e d u ctio n s from in com e
(b u sin ess losses an d ex­
pen ses) ____________________
(3)
S u rp lu s per fa m ily h a v in g su r­
p lu s (n et increase in assets
an d /or d ecrease in lia b ilitie s). 166
D e fic it per fa m ily h a v in g
d eficit (n et decrease in assets
an d /or increase in lia b ilitie s). 227
N e t change in assets an d li­
a b ilities for all fam ilies in
su r v e y ________________________ + 1 4
5
In h erita n ce__________ ______ _

31
7
2
1
0
0
2
0
1
20
11
1
1.35

88
30
9
3
6
1
7
4
4
52
35
0
1.40

55
13
6
2
4
2
1
1
0
33
21
1
1.29

42
11
8
2
2
0
2
1
1
23
19
0
1.36

28
16
4
0
6
0
1
1
1
21
7
0
1.64

13
6
1
1
2
1
3
1
0
5
8
0
1.54

10
4
2
1
1
0
0
1
0
3
7
0
1.50

8
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
4
1
1.62

5
0
1
0
0
2
0
0
0
2
3
0
1.00

$1,164 $1, 375 $1,366 $1, 529 $1, 634 $1, 796 $2,042 $2,044 $2,600 $1, 945
1,146 1,304 1,322 1,483 1,596 1,764 1,958 1,916 2, 575 1, 519
1,089 1,126 1,168 1,379 1,381 1, 393 1,633 1,489 1,818 1, 519
154 104 215 371 325 427 757
57 178
0
1,074 1,109 1,066 1,410 1,449 1,179 1, 733 1,606 2,032 1,179
2
0
10
0
1
0
0
0
0
(3)
72 194 254
73 137 585 225 310 543 340
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
(3)
12
29
28
37
23
23
65
52
1
25
4
4
21
8
2
3
0
39
0
0
2
9
0
6
3 (3)
8
8
0
0
0
15
5
8
0
0
46
0
0 374
2
5
1
3
3 (3)
5
0
0
0
2
0
6
6
3 (3)
16
3
0
0
0

-1

0

-1

-1

0

0

0

0

137

192

129

171

178

157

342

80

309

87

119

147

130

196

276

319

309

166

+46
16

+95
1

+25
0

+27
2

-2 8
0

+38
0

-5 9
0

(3)

3 L ess th a n $0.50.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 377,




72
22
8
5
8
4
5
4
0
51
20
1
1.46

740 1,222

- 9 3 -2 1 5 -6 9 9
0 125
0

114

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T able

2 . — Description

of families studied, by economic level— Continued
C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S

Ite m

D istr ib u tio n b y

A ll
fa m i­
lie s

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp e n d in g per
ex p en d itu re u n it per yea r
$100 to $200 to $300 to $400 to $500 to
$200
$300
$400
$500
$600

$600
an d
ov er

O c c u p a tio n o f C h ie f E a r n e r

T yp e 1
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ----------------------------------------N u m b e r of fam ilies in w h ic h ch ief earner is —
C lerical w ork er_____________ . ____
S k illed w ag e earner _ ____________________
S e m isk ille d w a g e e a r n e r ._________ ______ __
U n sk ille d w a g e earner------ _ _
--------N u m b e r of fam ilies com p o sed of—
M a n an d w ife . _ ________ _________. . . ---------M a n , w ife, an d 1 c h ild . _ --------- --------M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 c h ild r e n ------------------M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore ch ild ren . . .
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts (4 to
6 p erson s) __ _______ _______ ________- M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts (7 or
m ore p erso n s)______________________________
M a n , w ife, a n d 1 a d u lt .. . . ------------------M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u lts_______________
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore a d u lts . . . . . . .
A d u lts (2 or 3 p erson s n o t in c lu d in g m a n
an d w ife) __ __ ______________ __ . . . _
A d u lts (4 or m ore p erson s n o t in c lu d in g
m a n an d w ife) . . . _______________ _____
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (2 or 3 p er­
so n s n o t in c lu d in g m a n an d w ife ). . . . .
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (4 or m ore
p erson s n o t in c lu d in g m a n an d w ife ). _ _
a n d b y F a m ily

100
2
1
18
79
33
14
18
2
12
1
9
2
0
5
0
3
1

10
0
0
1
9
0
0
3
1
3
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
0

26
0
0
7
19
0
7
8
1
6
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1

26
0
0
4
22
7
4
7
0
3
0
2
0
0
2
0
1
0

19
0
0
4
15
11
1
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
1
0
0
0

11
0
0
2
9
9
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

8
2
1
0
5
6
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

0
100

0
10

0
26

0
26

0
19

0
11

0
8

100
3.46
6
0
3
1
3. 37
1.04
2. 33
3. 05
0.1 0

10
5. 72
0
0
1
0
5. 62
2. 62
3. 00
5. 05
0.10

26
4. 36
1
0
1
0
4. 27
1. 85
2. 42
3. 76
0.10

26
3. 32
3
0
0
0
3.24
0. 99
2. 25
2. 91
0. 09

19
2. 33
0
0
0
1
2.31
0.10
2. 21
2.19
0. 01

11
2. 27
0
0
1
0
2.09
0. 09
2.00
2. 01

8
2. 52
2
0
0
0
2.24
0.12
2.1 2
2.15
0. 38

D istr ib u tio n b y N a tiv ity o f H o m e m a k e r

N u m b e r of fa m ilies h a v in g no h o m em a k er—
N u m b e r of fa m ilies h a v in g h o m em a k er b orn
in U n ite d S ta te s ______ _ _ _ _ _. . . . __
C o m p o sitio n

o f H o u s e h o ld

N u m b e r of h o u seh o ld s
___________ _ .
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u se h o ld ____
N u m b e r of h o u seh o ld s w ith —
B o ard ers an d lo d g e r s .. _______ __ _______ __
B o ard ers o n ly . ______ __________________ _
L od gers o n ly ------ --------------------- -------------O th er p erso n s_____________
_______ ______
A vera g e size of e co n o m ic fa m ily in —
P erso n s, to ta l _ _ __________. . . . . . . . .
U n d er 16 y ea rs of a g e .___________________ .
16 y ea rs of age an d ov er
__ . . . ----------E x p en d itu r e u n its____________________________
A verage n u m b er o f p erson s in h o u seh o ld n o t
m em b ers of eco n o m ic fa m ily ________________

0.18

C h ild r en ” are d efin ed as p erson s u n d er 16 yea rs of age. “ A d u lts” are p erson s 16 y ea rs of age an d over.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 377.




115

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

2 . — Description of families studied, by economic level— Continued
C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g per
ex p e n d itu r e u n it per year
Ite m

fa m i­
lie s

$100 to $200 to $300 to $400 to $500 to
$200
$300
$400
$500
$600

$600
an d
ov er

E a rn in g s an d In c o m e

F a m ilie s in su r v e y --------------------------------------------100
N u m b e r of fa m ilie s h a v in g —
21
E a rn in g s of su b sid ia r y earn ers--------------------N e t ea r n in g s fro m boarders an d lo d g e rs____
8
4
O th er n e t r en ts_______________________________
1
In te re st an d d iv id e n d s_____ ______ __________
2
P e n sio n s a n d in su r a n ce a n n u itie s---------------G ifts from p erso n s o u tsid e eco n o m ic fam 3
ily ------------------------ ---------------------------------------0
O th er so u rces o f in c o m e .................................... D e d u c tio n s from in c o m e (b u sin e ss losses
1
an d e x p e n se s)____________________________ __
S u rp lu s (n et in crea se in a sse ts an d /or d e­
67
crease in lia b ilitie s) ___________
D e fic it (n et decrease in a ssets an d /or in ­
31
crease in l i a b i l i t i e s ) __ ___ ___ . . _ __
0
In h e r ita n c e ___________________________________
A verage n u m b er of g a in fu l w ork ers per fam ­
1.23
ily —
A vera g e a m o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in c o m e ___________________________ $1, 010
993
E a rn in g s o f in d iv id u a ls ______ ___________
935
C h ief earn er____________ _ _________
58
S u b sid ia ry earners. -----------------------------883
M a les: 16 y ea rs an d o v e r ___________
9
U n d er 16 years _____________
101
F em a les: 16 yea rs an d o v e r _____________
0
U n d e r 16 y e a r s_______________
13
N e t earn in gs from b oarders an d lo d g e rs. 3
O th er n e t ren ts__________
_ _____. .
In te re st an d d iv id e n d s_____________________ (3)
4
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n n u itie s----------G ifts from p erson s o u tsid e eco n om ic
fa m ily . _ ________________________________
(3)
0
O th er so u rces o f i n c o m e __________________
D e d u c tio n s fro m in co m e (b u sin ess losses
-3
an d e x p e n se s).. ------------------------------------S u rp lu s per fa m ily h a v in g su rp lu s (n et
increa se in assets an d /or decrease in lia ­
79
b ilitie s )__ ___________________ ____________ _
D e fic it per fa m ily h a v in g d eficit (n et d e­
crease in assets an d /or in crease in lia b ili­
78
t ie s )__________________________________________
N e t ch an g e in a ssets an d lia b ilitie s for all
+29
fam ilies in su r v e y __________________ ______
0
In h e r ita n c e ________________________________ __
* L ess th a n $0.50.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 377.




10
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
9
0
0
1.40

26
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
13
12
0
1.12

26
7
3
0
0
1
0
0
0
18
8
0
1. 27

19
3
0
2
0
0
1
0
0
15
4
0
1.16

11
5
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
8
3
0
1.45

8
2
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
4
4
0
1.12

$862
830
804
26
760
0
70
0
31
0
0
0
1
0
0

$905
891
861
30
846
0
45
0
12
2
0
0
0
0
0

$1, 009
1, 001
936
65
896
0
105
0
6
0
0
2

$978
968
939
29
890
49
29
0
0
10
0
0

$1, 399
1, 364
1,237
127
1, 012
0
352
0
33
0
0
38

0
0

$1,161
1,135
997
138
946
0
189
0
19
7
(3)
0
0
0
0

53

73

72

69

105

165

0
+48
0

57
+11
0

99
+19
0

112
+31
0

18
+72
0

110
+28
0

0
0
0

(3)

(3)

0
-3 6

116

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T able

2 . — Description

of families studied, by economic level— Continued
C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L IE S

Item

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp e n d in g per exp en d itu re u n it
year
A ll
fam ­ U n ­ $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100
ilies der to to to to to to
to
to
to
$300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 $1,200

per
$1,200
an d
over

D istr ib u tio n b y O c c u p a tio n o f C h ie f

E a rn er an d b y F a m ily T y p e 1
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ______ _________
N u m b e r of fam ilies in w h ic h chief
earner is—
C lerical w ork er------- _ _ _____
S k illed w a g e earn er____ _______
S em isk illed w a g e e a r n e r ..- ____
U n sk ille d w ag e earn er. _______
N u m b e r of fam ilies com p o sed of—
M a n an d w ife . ________________
M a n , w ife, an d 1 ch ild 2_ ______
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 ch ild ren 2._
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore ch il­
dren 2____ __ . . . ______
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d
a d u lts (4 to 6 persons) 2.
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d
a d u lts (7 or m ore persons) 2__.
M a n , w ife, an d 1 a d u lt._
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u lts___
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore a d u lts.
A d u lts (2 or 3 persons, n o t in ­
clu d in g m a n an d w ife ). . . ____
A d u lts (4 or m ore persons, n o t
in c lu d in g m a n an d w ife )_____
A d u lt or ad u lts an d ch ild ren
(2 or 3 p erson s, n o t in c lu d in g
m a n an d w ife ). . . ___________
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren
(4 or m ore p erson s, n o t in ­
c lu d in g m a n an d w ife ). . . _ _

490

35

82

106

83

66

44

29

21

8

5

11

110
136
205
39
124
109
103
4
48
9
28
29
1
18
7

1
7
19
8
1
1
10
3
10
5
0
3
0
1
0

16
22
37
7
1
12
33

20
23
57
6
6
27
35

22
26
28
7
14
28
14

20
18
22
6
26
21
6

13
18
13
0
19
13
2

4
9
14
2
21
3
2

7
6
7
1
15
3
1

2
1
2
0
4
1
0

1
17
3
2
7
1
1
2

0
15
1
5
9
0
5
1

0
4
0
8
7
0
5
1

0
2
0
7
0
0
2
2

0
0
0
3
2
0
3
0

0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0

0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1

2
2
2
2
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
4
4
0
9
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0

3

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

7

0

2

1

2

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

333
14
17
11
10
8
9
1
87

13
3
0
2
1
0
2
0
14

57
0
1
4
0
1
2
0
17

65
5
4
2
7
1
0
1
21

52
4
2
2
1
2
2
0
18

48
1
5
0
1
1
0
0
10

37
1
2
0
0
1
1
0
2

21
0
2
0
0
1
1
0
4

19
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0

7
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

9
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1

490
35 82 106 83 66 44 29
3.64 5. 57 4. 57 3.80 3. 53 3.02 2.97 2. 60
4
9
77
7 15 17 13
6
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
2
11
0
1
1
5
0
0
4
4
4
29
3
3
1
7

21
2. 46

8
2.28

5
2. 03

1
0
1
2

3
0
1
0

0
0
0
1

11
2. 31
2
0
0
0

2.40
0.26
2.14
2.23

2.39
0.26
2.13
2.31

2.00
0
2.00
1.95

2.20
0.20
2.00
2.14

2.09
0.09
2.00
2.02

0.20 0.10 0.11 0.15 0. 34 0. 25 0. 30 0. 21

0.08

0. 30

(3)

0. 24

D istrib u tio n b y N a tiv ity o f H o m e ­
m aker

N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g no
h o m em a k er______________ __ . . .
N u m b e r o f fam ilies h a v in g h o m e­
m ak er born in —
U n ite d S ta te s. ._ ____________
I ta ly ______________________________
G erm an y. ____
_ ______
P o la n d ____ ____________________
R u s s ia .. __ _. _ . . . _ ______
E n g la n d ___________ ____________
Irela n d _______________ ________
S w e d e n ___________________________
O th er______ ______ _____________
C o m p o sitio n

o f H o u seh o ld

N u m b e r of h o u se h o ld s____ __
A verage n u m b er of persons in
h o u se h o ld ______________________
N u m b e r of h o u seh old s w ith —
B oard ers and lod gers_________
B oard ers o n ly _________________
L od gers o n l y ... ____________
O ther p erson s...................................
A verage size of eco n om ic fa m ily
in —
P erso n s, to ta l__________________
U n d er 16 years of ag e___ _
16 years of age an d o v e r ____
E x p en d itu re u n its ____________
A verage n u m b er of persons in
h ou seh old n ot m em b ers of
eco n om ic fa m ily ____________

3. 46
0.98
2. 48
3.17

5. 50
2.25
3. 25
4.95

4.5 0
1. 66
2.84
4.04

3.74
1. 21
2. 53
3.41

3. 21
0.77
2.44
2. 95

2.79
0.58
2. 21
2.58

2.70
0.44
2. 26
2. 55

1 “ C h ild ren ” are d efin ed as persons u n d er 16 years of age. “ A d u lts” are persons 16 years of age an d ov er.
2 F a m ilies of th ese ty p e s are in clu d ed in th e 1917-18 stu d y , C ost of L iv in g in th e U n ite d S tates, B . L . S.
B u ll. N o . 357, 1924.
3 L ess th a n 0.005 person s.
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 377.




TABULAR SUMMARY
T able

2 . — Description

117

of families studied, by economic level— Continued

C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g per ex p en d itu re u n it per
year

Item

A ll
fam ­
ilies U n ­ $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 $1,200
der to to to to to
to
to
to
to
an d
$300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 $1,200 over

E a r n in g s a n d In c o m e

F am ilies in su r v e y . __ __ _ _
490
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
E a rn in gs of su b sid ia ry ea rn ers.. 168
N e t earn in gs from boarders an d
85
lod gers __ ._ __ __ _________
41
O ther n e t r en ts_________ __ . . .
In terest an d d iv id e n d s_________ 122
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce an n u i13
ties ___________________ __ . . .
G ifts from person s o u tsid e eco67
n o m ic fa m ily _______ . . . _. __
32
O ther sources of in c o m e _______
D e d u ctio n s from in com e (busi23
n ess losses an d e x p e n se s)_____
S u rp lu s (n et increase in assets
an d/or decrease in lia b ilitie s). 283
D e fic it (n et decrease in assets
an d/or increase in liab ilities) _ 204
8
In h erita n ce __ ________ _. . . .
A verage n u m b er of ga in fu l w ork ­
ers per fa m ily ____________________ 1.43
D o t.
A verage a m o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in c o m e .. . . . ____ 1, 611
E a rn in gs of in d iv id u a ls _____ 1, 552
C h ief earner_________________ 1,403
S u b sid ia ry earn ers___ ____ 149
M ales: 16 yea rs an d o v e r ... 1,378
U n d er 16 y e a rs. __
0
F em a les: 16 years an d over 174
U n d er 16 y e a r s ._ _
0
N e t earn in gs from boarders
an d lo d g ers. ____________
30
8
O ther n e t r e n ts. _________
4
In terest an d d iv id e n d s_______
P en sio n s an d in su ran ce a n n u ­
itie s____________ _____ ____
7
G ifts from p ersons o u tsid e
eco n om ic fa m ily ___________
6
8
O ther sources of in c o m e ______
D e d u ctio n s from in com e
(b u sin ess losses an d ex­
p e n se s). . . _______ . . . - 4
S u rp lu s per fa m ily h a v in g sur­
p lu s (n et increase in assets
an d/or decrease in lia b ilities) __ 156
D e fic it per fa m ily h a v in g defi­
cit (net decrease in assets
an d /or increase in lia b ilities) _ _ 219
N e t ch an g e in assets an d lia b il­
ities for all fam ilies in s u r v e y .. - 1
9
In h erita n ce _ ________________

35 82 106 83 66 44 29
15 30 32 22 20 17 10
4
8 16 22 13 10
6
4
4
2
6
7 11
7
6
6 22 27 20 23 11
2
2
2
0
1
5
0
4 18 11 10 13
5
1
3
1
6
5
8
5
1
4
4
4
1
1
5
1
23 48 60 50 40 29 17
12 33 46 31 26 15 12
0
1
1
3
1
0
0
1.60 1.51 1.42 1.30 1.36 1. 45 1.38
J D o l.

D o l.

1,232 1,414
1,159 1, 368
1,082 1, 266
77 102
995 1, 268
2
0
162 100
0
0
28 12
16
8
2
3
20 19
9
3
5
3

D o l.

D o l.

D o l.

D o l.

1, 585 1,663 1, 855 1,827
1,503 1,599 1, 787 1,783
1,378 1,472 1,584 1, 583
125 127 203 200
1,311 1,467 1, 606 1,538
1
0
0
0
191 132 181 245
0
0
0
0
50 38 48 20
4
5 12
8
4
5
3
3
6
0
3
6
0
2 10
7
5
6
3 20
7 14
5

D o l.

1,957
1,941
1,706
235
1,778
0
163
0
7
0
2
0
1
6

8
5
2
0
2
0
1
1
1
2
6
1
1.62
D o l.

1,875
1,846
1,497
349
1,497
0
349
0
24
0
2

5
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
0
1.60
D o l.

2,138
2,138
1,827
311
1,827
0
311
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
3
0

11
6
2
0
2
1
3
0
1
4
7
1
1. 55
D o l.

2,466
2, 384
1,873
511
1,873
0
511
0
32
0
24
22
5
0

-1

-8

-2

-5

-4

-1 1

-2

101

129

150

177

161

174

184

95
+33
0

178
+4
0

200 170 135 302 297 426 278 296 533
- 2 + 4 3 + 4 5 + 1 1 - 1 5 -1 6 5 -1 2 5 -2 9 6 -2 2 5
0
0
1
0
18 0
3

3 L ess th a n $0.50.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 377.




D o l.

1, 512
1,459
1,331
128
1,284
(3)
175
0
27
12
2

21
8
2
0
3
0
1
2
1
10
11
0
1.38

24

-1

0

122

0

-1

333

0

315

76

118

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T able

2 . — Description

of families studied, by economic level— Continued

C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S

A ll
fam i­
lies

Ite m

D istr ib u tio n

by

O c c u p a tio n

o f

D istrib u tio n

by

$100
to
$200

$200
to
$300

$300
to
$400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$700
to
$800

$600
to
$700

$800 $900
to
an d
$900 ov er

C h ie f

i
F a m ilie s in s u r v e y _______________ _____
N u m b e r of fam ilies in w h ic h ch ief
earner is—
C lerical w o r k e r _____________________.
S k illed w ag e earn er_____________ ____
S em isk illed w ag e earner--------------------U n sk ille d w age earner— --------------------N u m b e r of fam ilies com p o sed of—
M a n an d w ife __ --------------------------------M a n , w ife, an d 1 ch ild 2_______ ______
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 ch ild ren 2 ------M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore ch ild ren 2__
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts
(4 to 6 p e r so n s )2 -----------------------------M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts
(7 or m ore p e r so n s )2------------------------M a n , w ife, an d 1 a d u lt____________ _
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u lts .- __ . . .
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore a d u lts_____
A d u lts (2 or 3 p erson s n o t in c lu d in g
m a n an d w ife )_______________________
A d u lts (4 or m ore persons n o t in ­
clu d in g m a n a n d w ife )__________ __
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (2 or 3
persons n o t in c lu d in g m a n an d
w ife )-------- --------------------- -------------A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (4 or
m ore p erson s n o t in c lu d in g m a n
an d w ife )____________________ ______
E a rn er a n d b y F a m ily

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp e n d in g p er e x p en d itu re u n it
per year

T yp e

266

7

41

55

55

40

30

19

11

8

70
75
95
26
76
56
36
1
23
9
25
16
0
12
4

2
0
3
2
0
0
1
1
1
2
0
2
0
0
0

3
8
21
9
1
7
6
0
14
4
2
2
0
2

11
21
19
4
11
15
10
0
3
0
5
4
0
2
2

15
13
10
2
15
10
3
0
0
1
8
2
0
1
0

13
7
8
2
19
7
0
0
1
0
3
0
0
0
0

4
9
5
1
11
3
1
0
0
0
2
0
0
2
0

4
2
4
1
8
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

3
2
3
0

0

15
13
22
5
3
13
14
0
4
2
5
6
0
4
2

S
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

6

0

3

1

2

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

258
2
3
2

7
0
0
0

37
2
1
0

53
0
1
1

55
0
0
0

39
0
1
0

30
0
0
0

18
0
0
1

11
0
0
0

8
0
0
0

266
3. 62
46
3
15
15
3. 33
0.8 8
2. 45
3.10
0. 31

7
6.64
0
0
0
0
6. 64
3. 24
3. 40
6.00
0

41
4.82
8
0
3
0
4. 51
1. 72
2.79
4.17
0.31

55
4.08
12
0
2
4
3. 72
1.11
2. 61
3. 44
0. 37

N a tiv ity o f H o m e m a k e r

N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g n o h o m e ­
m ak er_____________________ . _____ _
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g h o m em a k er
b orn in —
U n ite d S ta te s________. . . __________ ._
I t a l y . . . -------------------------------------G erm a n y — ______ __ ____
_____
O th er_________________
------------------C o m p o sitio n

o f H o u s e h o ld

N u m b e r of h o u seh o ld s
_____ _____
A v erage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u se­
h o ld _____________________________________
N u m b e r of h o u seh o ld s w ith —
B oarders an d lo d g e r s ._ -------------- . . .
B oarders o n ly _______ __
____ _
L od gers o n ly . _ _ _ _ _ ______________
O ther p e r s o n s . . . _________________ __
A verage size of eco n o m ic fa m ily in —
P erso n s, to ta l--------------------------------------U n d er 16 yea rs of a g e . . . . . ____
16 yea rs of age an d ov er------------------E x p en d itu r e u n its------------------ --------A vera g e n u m b er of p erson s in h o u se ­
h o ld n o t m em b ers of eco n o m ic fa m ily .

55
40
30
19
11
8
3. 61 2. 97 2.82 2. 62 2. 56 1.99
4
6
2
13
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
2
4
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
6
1
0
3.24 2. 75 2. 44 2. 36 2. 26 2. 01
0. 77 0. 48 0. 29 0.31 0. 33 0. 02
2. 47 2. 27 2.15 2. 05 1.93 1.99
3. 06 2. 61 2. 28 2. 24 2.15 1. 96
0. 37 0.24 0. 40 0. 27 0. 33 0

1 “ C h ild r en ” are d efin ed as p erson s u n d er 16 y ea rs of ag e. “ A d u lts” are p erson s 16 y ea rs of age an d o v er.
2 F a m ilie s o f th ese ty p e s are in c lu d e d in th e 1917-18 s tu d y , C o st of L iv in g in th e U n ite d S ta tes, B . L . S.
B u ll. N o . 357, 1924.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 377.




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

119

2 . — Description of families studied, by economic level— Continued
C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed

A ll
fa m i­
lies

Ite m

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp e n d in g per e x p en d itu re u n it
per year
$200
to
$300

$100
to
$200

$300
to
$400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$600
to
$700

$700
to
$800

$800 $900
to
an d
$900 ov er

E a r n in g s a n d In c o m e

266
F a m ilie s in s u r v e y ------------------------------N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
72
E a rn in g s of su b sid ia r y earners----------N e t ea rn in gs from b oard ers an d
61
lo d g e r s_______________________________
16
O th er n e t r en ts--------------------------------- 8
In te r e st a n d d iv id e n d s----------------------P en sio n s an d in su r a n ce a n n u itie s-----9
G ifts from p erson s o u tsid e e co n o m ic
19
fa m ily -----------------------------------------------16
O th er so u rces o f in c o m e ______________
D e d u c tio n s from in co m e (b u sin e ss
lo sses an d e x p e n se s)____________ . . _
10
S u rp lu s (n et in crea se in assets an d /or
decrease in lia b ilitie s ) -------------- . .
168
D e fic it (n et d ecrease in assets an d /or
85
increa se in lia b ilit ie s ) ______________
2
In h erita n ce------------------------------------------A vera g e n u m b er of g a in fu l w ork ers per
fa m ily ---------------------------------------------------- 1.33
A verage a m o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in co m e---------- -----$1, 400
E a rn in g s of in d iv id u a ls ---------------- 1, 321
C h ief e a r n e r ______________________ 1,203
S u b sid ia ry earners-----------------------118
M a les: 16 y ea rs an d ov er
_____ 1,170
U n d er 16 y e a r s ___________
0
F em a les: 16 y ea rs an d o v e r ---------- 151
U n d er 16 yea rs ________ (3)
N e t earn in gs from boarders an d
41
lo d g ers____________________________
O ther n e t ren ts_____________________
10
In te re st an d d iv id e n d s_____________
1
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n n u itie s. _
9
G ifts from p erson s o u tsid e eco­
4
n o m ic fa m ily . _______ . . . . .
O ther sou rces of in c o m e ____ . . . .
17
D e d u c tio n s from in co m e (b u sin ess
losses an d e x p e n se s)______________
-3
S u rp lu s per fa m ily h a v in g su rp lu s
(n et increase in assets an d /or d e­
crease in liab ilities) ___ _____ . . . .
174
D e fic it per fa m ily h a v in g d e fic it (n et
d ecrease in assets an d /or in crease
in lia b ilitie s)__________________ __ __ 208
N e t ch an g e in assets an d lia b ilitie s
for all fam ilies in s u r v e y ___________ + 4 3
In h e r ita n c e. . . . . . . . . . _. __ . . .
3
3 L ess th a n $0.50.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 377.

5 3 4 8 5 °— 40-




-9

7
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
1
0
1.19

41

55

55

40

12
10
3
1
2
3
4
0
32
8
2
1.40

18
16
4
0
1
5
4
1
35
15
0
1. 41

17
15
5
2
3
5
1
5
37
17
0
1.41

10
6
1
1
2
4
3
1
22
18
0
1.27

30
4
9
2
3
0
2
0
2
16
13
0
1.16

19

11

3
2
1
0
0
0
2
0
10
6
0
1.17

3
3
0
1
1
0
1
0
6
4
0
1.39

8
3
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
4
3
0
1. 25

$997 $1,174 $1, 272 $1, 433 $1, 376 $1, 560 $1,706 $1,779 $1,856
997 1,068 1,181 1,366 1,313 1,509 1, 637 1, 610 1, 787
981 961 1, 063 1,207 1, 218 1, 457 1, 566 1,313 1, 562
16 107 118 159
95
52
71 297 225
997 953 1, 021 1,139 1,204 1,443 1,514 1, 256 1, 563
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 114 160 227 109
66 123 354 224
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
50
56
39
41
35
13
75
0
12
12
4
24
0
12
10
0
0
0 (3)
0
1 (
1 ) 0
0
3
3
9
0
3
18
0
18
0
6
0
1
0
4
4
2
10
0
0
0
34
17 (3)
4
0
32
76
0
85
0 -1
0
-7
-6
-5
-7
0
0
65

168

162

200

105

284

203

12 109
+ 54 +110
22
0

98
+76
0

226
+65
0

236
-4 8
0

203
+63
0

278
+19
0

136

173

343 523
—30, - 1 2 8
0
i

120

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T able

2 , — Description

of families studied, by economic level— Continued

D E T R O I T , M IC H .— W H I T E F A M I L IE S
E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s
A ll
fam i­
lies $100 $200 $300 $400 $500
to to to
to
to
$200 $300 $400 $500 $600

Ite m

sp e n d in g per exp en d itu re u n it per
year
$600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100
to
to
to to
to
an d
$700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 ov er

D istr ib u tio n b y O c c u p a tio n o f C h ie f
E a rn er and by

F a m ily

T yp eA

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ________________ 598
F a m ilie s in w h ic h ch ief earner is—
138
C lerical w o r k e r _________________
S k ille d w a g e earn er______ _____ _ 186
230
S em isk illed w a g e earner________
44
U n sk ille d w ag e earner__________
N u m b e r of fam ilies com p osed of—
121
M a n an d w ife _________________
128
M a n , w ife, an d 1 ch ild 2________
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 ch ild ren 2_ 130
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore c h il­
8
dren 2_ ________________________
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d
65
a d u lts (4 to 6 p erson s)2. _ _ . _ _
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d
28
a d u lts (7 or m ore p erson s)2. __
49
M a n , w ife, an d 1 a d u l t _______
27
M a m w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u lts___
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore
1
a d u lts___ __ __ ____________
A d u lts (2 or 3 persons, n o t in ­
28
clu d in g m a n an d w ife ).............
A d u lts (4 or m ore person s, n o t
4
in c lu d in g m a n an d w i f e ) ...
A d u lt or a d u lts a n d ch ild ren (2
or 3 person s, n o t in c lu d in g
3
m a n an d w ife ) . _ __ . . . ____
A d u lt or a d u lts a n d ch ild ren (4
or m ore p erson s, n o t in c lu d ­
6
in g m a n an d w if e ) ....................
D istr ib u tio n

16
2
2
9
3
0
1
2
1
4
8
0
0
0
0
0

59 101 122
7 15 29
17 28 28
25 50 54
10
8 11
2
0
5
1 15 35
29 45 30
3
4
0
10 17 22
12
7
1
0
0 14
1
4 10
0
1
0
4
0
1
2
0
0

100
31
35
29
5
20
38
14

56
14
18
23
1
26
13
1
0
1
0
6
2
0
7
0

32

19

1

76
15
29
28
4
23
20
9
0
3
0
11
3
0
4
1

13
9
8
2
16
2
0
0
0
0
7
0
0
7
0

7
10
2
0
13
2
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
3
0

10
3
5
2
0
9
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0

0
8
0
10
7
0
2

7
2
5
0
0
7
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0

0

1

0

0

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

431
11
9
20
6
34
19
1
1
1
7
58

9
1
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3

38
3
0
4
0
2
1
0
0
0
2
9

73
4
2
5
2
2
2
0
0
0
2
9

94
1
0
3
1
6
2
1
0
0
0
14

66
0
3
2
2
9
9
0
0
0
1
8

53
1
1
2
1
8
2
0
0
0
1
7

46
0
1
0
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
4

26
0
0
0
0
5
1
0
0
0
0
0

13
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
3

9
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

b y N a tiv ity o f H o m e ­
m aker

F a m ilie s h a v in g n o h o m em a k er. _
F a m ilie s h a v in g h om em a k er born
in —
U n ite d S ta te s______ __ _________
I ta ly ------------------------ ---------------G er m a n y _____________ ___________
P o la n d ____ . . . . _____________
R u s s ia .. . . . __ _ . . . __________
C an a d a (n ot F r e n c h )___________
E n g la n d . __ _ . . . _________
Irela n d ____________ __ _________
M e x ic o .. _________________________
S w e d e n ________________________ __
C an ad a (F ren ch ) . . . . . . _ . . .
O th er_________________ _________
C o m p o sitio n

o f H o u seh o ld

N u m b e r of h o u se h o ld s. __ . . . _ _ 598
16 59 101 122 100 76 56 32
19
10
A v erage n u m b er of persons in
3.84 6. 96 5.66 4. 82 3. 83 3. 36 3. 05 2.89 2. 48 2. 43 2.15
h o u se h o ld ___________ __ _____
N u m b e r of h o u seh o ld s w ith —
1
B oard ers an d lod gers_______ __
85
8 13 12 16 10 15
5
5
0
B oarders o n ly ._______ __ . . . _
6
0
3
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
22
L od gers o n ly _____________ __ _.
1
1
4
3
6
2
3
1
0
0
34
2
O ther p erson s______. . . _________
0
8
5
3
5
2
3
5
1
A verage size of econ om ic fam ily
in:
P erso n s, to ta l____________________ 3. 66 6. 91 5.49 4. 69 3. 72 3.17 2. 86 2. 55 2. 30 2. 21 2.14
U n d er 16 years of ag e-----------1.18 3. 44 2.74 2.04 1.13 0. 82 0. 55 0. 31 0.07 0.13 0.13
16 years of age an d o v e r . _ _ __ 2. 48 3. 47 2.75 2. 65 2.59 2. 35 2. 31 2.24 2.23 2.08 2. 01
E x p en d itu re u n its_______________ 3. 37 6. 32 4.88 4. 22 3. 42 2.90 2. 68 2. 48 2.20 2.16 2.12
A verage n u m b er of persons in
h o u seh old n o t m em b ers of eco­
n o m ic fa m ily _____________________ 0.20 0. 05 0.20 0.16 0.15 0. 22 0. 21 0.38 0.23 0.24 0.04
1 “ C h ild ren ” are d efin ed as persons u n d er 16 years of age. “ A d u lts” are persons 16 years of age an d
2 F a m ilies of th ese ty p e s are in clu d ed in th e 1917-18 stu d y , C ost of L iv in g in th e U n ite d S tates, B .
B u ll. N o . 357, 1924.
N o te s o n th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 377.




7
2.20
0
1
1
0
2.03
0
2.03
2. 02
0.18
over.
L . S.

121

TABULAR SUMMARY
T able

2 . — Description

of families studied, by economic level— Continued

D E T R O I T , M I C H — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C on tin u ed

Ite m

E co n o m ic lev el— F a m ilie s sp e n d in g per ex p en d itu re u n it per
year
A ll
fam i­
lies $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100
to to to to
to
to to to to
to
an d
$200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 ov er

E a r n in g s a n d In c o m e

F a m ilies in su r v e y ___ ___ ______
N u m b e r o f fam ilies h a v in g —
E a rn in g s of su b sid ia ry ea rn ers._
N e t earn in gs from boarders an d
lo d gers______ __
_______
O ther n e t r en ts__________________
In terest an d d iv id e n d s____ __
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n n u i­
tie s. ____________________________
G ifts from p erson s o u tsid e eco­
n o m ic fa m ily ._ ____________
O ther sources of in c o m e . _ . . _
D e d u c tio n s from in co m e (b u si­
n ess losses an d e x p e n se s)_____
S u rp lu s (n et increase in assets
an d/or decrease in lia b ilitie s).
D e fic it (n et decrease in assets
an d/or increase in lia b ilities) __
In h e r ita n c e . __ _ _ ___
A verage n u m b er of ga in fu l w ork ­
ers per fa m ily ____________________
A verage a m o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in c o m e __ _________
E a rn in gs of in d iv id u a ls— ___
C h ief earner_________________
S u b sid ia ry earn ers----------M ales: 16 years an d o v e r ...
U n d er 16 y e a r s .. _
F em a les: 16 years an d o v e r.
U n d er 16 y e a r s .__
N e t earn in gs from boarders
an d lod gers_________________
O ther n e t r en ts________________
In terest an d d iv id e n d s_____
P en sio n s an d in su ran ce a n ­
n u itie s_____ ___ _ __
G ifts from persons o u tsid e
eco n om ic fa m ily _____________
O ther sources of in c o m e . _ __
D e d u ctio n s from in com e
(b u sin ess losses an d ex­
p e n se s)____________________ __
S u rp lu s per fa m ily h a v in g sur­
p lu s (net increase in assets
an d/or decrease in lia b ilitie s).
D e fic it per fa m ily h a v in g deficit
(n et decrease in assets and/or
in crease in lia b ilitie s). . . . .
N e t ch an ge in assets an d lia ­
b ilities for all fam ilies in su r­
v e y _____________________________
In h erita n ce________________ . _

598
168
100
55
24
12
50
27
28
340
241
6
1.35
D o l.

16 59 101 122 100 76 56 32
5 23 33 31 17 19 12 11
1 10 20 12 20 12 14
5
2
6
3
5 11 11
5 10
2
2
2
7
5
3
3
0
2
2
1
5
0
0
1
1
2
9 10 10
9
5
1
0
2
3
6
4
0
2
1
7
2
3 11
4
5
3
0
0
9 42 58 68 63 42 32 13
7 15 40 54 34 29 22 18
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
1.45 1.54 1.45 1.33 1.22 1.32 1.23 1. 35
D o l.

D o l.

D o l.

D o l.

D o l.

D o l.

D o l.

D o l.

1,954
1,854
1,662
192
1, 558
0
296
0
54
14
0
0
28
4

10
7
0
9
0
0
1
1
0
2
8
0
1. 66
D o l.

2,053
2,032
1, 624
408
1, 572
0
460
0
0
0
0
0
3
18

7
5
2
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
5
0
1.71
D o l.

2,487
2,416
1,934
482
1,894
0
522
0
45
24
0
0
2
0

-2

0

0

-1

-3

-2

-2

-2

-3

0

0

0

148

86

97

126

158

146

180

173

199

180

256

182

206

207

117

240

156

185

224

180

267

355

262

334

+1 -4 2 + 40 -2 2 +19 + 29 +14 +28 -6 9
4
2
2
1
3
0
0 25
0

3 L ess th a n $0.50.
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 377,




D o l.

1,571 1,047 1, 301 1, 390 1, 525 1, 576 1, 732 1, 780 1, 756
1, 515 1,028 1,241 1,339 1,480 1, 524 1,694 1,690 1,663
1, 386 983 1,119 1,200 1,363 1,436 1, 550 1,583 1,537
129
45 122 139 117 88 144 107 126
1,372 965 1,162 1,217 1,365 1,447 1, 569 1, 474 1,324
12
4 (3) (3)
0
0
0 (3)
(3)
143
51 75 121 115 77 125 216 339
1 (3)
0
0
0
0
0
0
(3)
30
8 39 25 16 35 27 49 35
9
2
8
4
8
8 12 19
7
2
2
3 16
0
1 (3)
1 (3)
7
5 14 (3)
0 23
7
0
7
2
6
0
7
6
3
8
5
4
4
8
3
0 15
5
4
2
8

19
5
4
1
0
0
2
1
0
10
9
1
1.29

-7 3 -1 5 8 -2 1 3
6
0
0

122

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

2.— Description of families studied, by economic level— Continued
G R A N D R A P I D S , M IC H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S

Ite m

D istr ib u tio n

by

O c c u p a tio n

o f

D istr ib u tio n

U n d er $300
to
$300 $400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$700
to
$800

$600
to
$700

$800
an d
ov er

C h ie f E a r n e r

i
F a m ilie s in su r v e y _ _ . . . _______ ________
N u m b e r of fam ilies in w h ich ch ief earner is—
C lerical w o rk er. _ ______ _______ __ _______
S k illed w ag e e a r n e r .____ _______________
S em isk illed w ag e earner_____ _______
U n sk ille d w ag e earner, _ ___________
N u m b e r of fam ilies co m p o sed of—
M a n an d w ife __________ ____
M a n , w ife, an d 1 ch ild 2 __ ______
M a n , w ife, a n d 2 t o 4 ch ild ren 2____ . . . .
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore ch ild ren 2 ______
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren a n d a d u lts (4 to
6 p erson s) 2_ __ . . . ____________
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts (7 or
m ore p e r s o n s )2______ ___________
M a n , w ife, an d 1 a d u lt. _______ ___________
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u lts_____________
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore a d u lts .. _ ____
A d u lts (2 or 3 p erson s n o t in c lu d in g m an
an d w if e ) .. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . ____. . .
A d u lts (4 or m ore p erson s n o t in c lu d in g
m an an d w ife) _ _ _______ __
A d u lt or a d u lts a n d ch ild ren (2 or 3 p erson s
n o t in c lu d in g m a n an d w ife )________ . . .
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (4 or m ore
p erson s n o t in c lu d in g m an an d w ife )____
a n d b y F a m ily

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp e n d in g per e x p en d itu re
u n it per year

A ll
fa m i­
lies

T yp e

194

47
9
12
20
6
0
1
24
1
10
5
3
2
0
0
1
0
0

39
5
12
19
3
1
13
15
0
2
0
3
1
0
2
1
1
0

55
16
14
19
6
12
14
12
0
1
0
7
5
0
3
1
0
0

19
6
7
4
2
10
4
2
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

12
4
2
5
1
8
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0

11
5
2
3
1
7
2
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

11

48
52
74
20
47
37
53
1
15
5
14
10
0
7
3
1
1
1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

173
2
4
1
1
12

40
0
4
0
0
3

32
1
0
0
0
6

54
0
0
0
0
1

15
0
0
0
1
2

10
1
0
1
0
0

11
0
0
0
0
0

11
0
0
0
0
0

194
3. 67
33
0
5
15
3. 52
1.08
2.44
3. 23
0. 21

47
5.30
10
0
1
4
5.08
2.1 2
2. 96
4. 55
0.2 4

39
3.7 0
2
0
2
4
3. 63
1.29
2. 34
3. 33
0.13

3.24
11
0
0
6
3.1 2
0. 76
2. 36
2. 87
0.19

55

19
2.95
4
0
0
1
2. 84
0. 68
2.16
2. 67
0.20

12
2. 52
1
0
1
0
2. 42
0. 21
2. 21
2. 31
0.15

11
2.4 4
2
0
0
0
2. 42
0.21
2. 21
2. 33
0. 21

11
2. 37
3
0
1
0
2. 01
0. 05
1. 96
1. 96
0.47

3
3
4
1
9
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

b y N a tiv ity o f H o m e m a k e r

N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g n o h o m e m a k er . _
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g h o m em a k er b orn
in —
U n ite d S ta tes . . . . . . _____________ . . .
. __________
G e r m a n y _____________
P o la n d . __________ . . .
_____
C an ad a (n o t F r e n c h )__ ______ . . . _ _ __
S w e d en _ ._ . . . _____________ _ _ __
O ther______ ______ . . . . . . . _____________
C o m p o sitio n

o f H o u s eh o ld

N u m b e r of h o u seh o ld s . . . . __ __ . . . _____
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u seh o ld ____
N u m b e r of h o u seh o ld s w ith —
B oarders an d lo d g e r s. _ _ . . . ___________
B o ard ers o n l y ____ ___________________ ____
L od gers o n l y ________________________________
O th er p erso n s______________________ ______
A vera g e size of e co n o m ic fa m ily in —
P erso n s, t o t a l. _________ _________ ____
U n d er 16 yea rs of a g e . _ ______
16 years of age an d o v e r ___________________
E x p en d itu r e u n i t s ______ . . . ___________
A v erage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u seh o ld n o t
m em b ers of eco n om ic fa m ily _ _ ______ __

i
“ C h ild r en ” are d efin ed as p erson s u n d er 16 y ea rs of age. “ A d u lts” are p erson s 16 y ea rs o f age an d ov er.
3 F a m ilie s of th ese ty p e s are in c lu d e d in th e 1917-18 stu d y , C o st of L iv in g in th e U n ite d S ta tes, B , L . S.
B u ll. N o . 357, 1924.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 377.




123

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

2 . — Description of families studied, by economic level— Continued
G R A N D R A P ID S , M IC H .— W H IT E F A M IL IE S — C ontinued

Item

A ll
fam i­
lies

E conom ic level—F am ilies spending per expenditure
u n it per year
U nder $300
to
$300 $400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$700
to
$800

$600
to
$700

$800
and
over

E a r n in g s a n d In co m e

194
F am ilies in s u r v e y ------------ ---------------------47
N u m b er of fam ilies having—
14
E arnings of su bsidiary earners_________ __
58
32
N e t earnings from boarders and lodgers. __
10
13
3
O ther n et ren ts____________ ________ ______
2
16
In terest and d ividends _____ . . . ___
4
P ensions and insurance a n n u ities. _______
0
G ifts from persons outside econom ic fam ily.
29
9
7
1
O ther sources of incom e
D ed u ctions from incom e (business losses
1
8
and expenses) _______ _______ _ ______
Surplus (net increase in assets and/or de­
99
31
crease in lia b ilities). . . _______________
D eficit (net decrease in assets and/or in ­
90
16
crease in liabilities) __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____
2
1
Inheritance----- --------------------------------------A verage num ber of gainful w orkers per
1.36
1.42
fam ily----------------- ------------------ ------Average am ount of—
N e t fam ily in c o m e --------- . ------------ $1, 256 $1,127
E arnings of in d iv id u a ls. __ ___________ 1, 224 1,082
991
C hief earner___________________________ 1,110
114
91
Subsidiary e a r n e r s _______ _______ .
994
M ales: 16 years and over ___________ 1,083
0
0
U nder 16 years. . . . -----------141
88
F em ales: 16 years and o ver----------------0
U nder 16 years. _ _________
0
28
N et earnings from boarders and lodgers __
17
7
5
O ther net ren ts__________________________
1
2
Interest and d ivid en d s. _______________
4
0
P ensions and insurance annuities
G ifts from persons outside econom ic
6
9
fa m ily .__ ________ _. . . . _. -----------1
2
O ther sources of in com e. _ ___________
D ed u ctions from incom e (business
-5
losses and expenses) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
(3)
Surplus per fam ily having surplus (net
increase in assets and/or decrease in
93
119
liab ilities)___ _________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
D eficit per fam ily havin g deficit (net
decrease in assets and/or increase in
173
84
liabilities) _______________ __ .
N et change in assets and liabilities for
+ 33
all fam ilies in su rvey _. .__ _______ __ -2 0
1
3
Inheritance __ _ ________ _ _________
3 Less

than $0.50.
N otes on th is table are in appendix A , p. 377.




39
11

4
5
4

0
2
1

55
16
9
3
4
2
14
3

19
4
4

12

11

5

0
1
0
0
1

2
1
2
1
1
1

4

2
1
1
0
1
0

11

4

1
0
2
1
2
0

0

1

1

0

3

2

18
19

24
29

8

6

6

6

0

10
0

6
0

0

0

1.32

1.33

1. 25

1. 51

1. 46

1.33

$1,115
1,087
1,008
79
986

$1,192
1,152
1, 071
81
1,027
0
125
0
19
7

$1, 411 $1, 501 $1, 671
1,404 1,455 1,691
1,305 1,203 1,481
99
252
210
1, 305 1,110 1, 470
0
0
0
99
345
221

$1, 716
1, 673
1, 380
293
1, 316
0
357

1

0
101
0
11
12

4

0

1
6

1

7

0

-2

121

142
-1 3
(3)

(3)

0
11
0
1
0

5

0
10
10
1

0
6
10
1
0

23

2

(3)

-6

0

-37

106

171

166

211

185
-5 1

180
-2 3

145

366
-5 1

2

0

0
1

0

(3)

+10
0

0

0

5

0
21
0
2

16
25

0

-21

95
337
-101
0

124

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

%.— Description of families studied, by economic level— Continued
IN D IA N A P O L IS , I N D .— W H IT E F A M IL IE S

Item

A ll
fam i­
lies

E conom ic level— Fam ilies spending per expenditure
u n it per year
$300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $ 1,000
to to to to to to to
to and
$300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $ 1,000 over

$100 $200

to

$200

D u b O p tionof C ief
istrib tion y ccu a
h
E rn a db F m T e 1
a er n y a ily yp
F am ilies in su rvey _ ---------------------------N um ber of fam ilies in w hich chief
earner is—
Clerical w orker. __________________ .
Skilled w age earner______ . . . _ .
Sem iskilled wage earner_______________
U nskilled wage earn er_______________
N um ber of fam ilies com posed of—
M an and w ife. . . ___________
M an, wife, and 1 child 2 ___ _______
M an, wife, and 2 to 4 children 2______
M an, wife, and 6 or m ore children 2__.
M an , w ife, and children and adults
(4 to 6 persons) 2 ____________ _ . . .
M an, wife, and children and adults
(7 or more persons) 2__. ------------M an, wife, and 1 a d u lt. ______ ___
M an, wife, and 2 to 4 ad u lts__________
M an, wife, and 5 or m ore a d u lt s _____
A dults (2 or 3 persons not including
m an and w ife)__________ ______ ______
A dults (4 or more persons not includ­
ing m an and w ife)____ ___________
A dult or adults and children (2 or 3
persons not including m an and w ife).
A dult or adults and children (4 or
more persons not including m an and
w ife)___
_____________ ___________

203
51
53
70
29
47
38
35
3
27
2

18

12
0

5
0
0

21

7

49

35

35

25

11

6

7

8

10
11
11

11
12
8

8
8
6

2
2
6
1

2
2
2
0

4

4

5

5

6
0
0
0

8
0
0
0

2
1

9
1
2

1

2
8

4

13
17

0
0

0
1
8
2

5
10
15
0

6
6
0

0

4

8

10

4

1

0

0

0

0

0
0
1
0

0
0
2
0

2

0
2
1
0

0
6

0

0
2
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0

4
3

1

11

4
3

0

3
4

4
7
9

2
0

4

0

3
7
9

1
0

3

1
0

2
0
0

1
0
0

0

2

15

0

1

2

5

1

3

2

0

1

0

2

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

2

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

194
1
3

5

21
0
0
0
0
0

48

32

32

24

11
0
0
0
0
0

6
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

7

8
0
1
0
0
0

21
49 35 35 25 11
6
4.80 3.94 3.68 3.28 2.79 2.65 2.17
4
2
1
5
3
3
0

7
2. 01

9
2.43

4
5
3.49 3.21 2. 70 2.45 2.17
.94 .53 .43 .18 .17
2. 55 2.68 2.27 2.27 2.00
3.25 3.01 2. 55 2. 39 2.11
0.20 0.13 0.14 0.18
0

0
0
0
0

2
0
0
1

2.00
0
2.00
2.00

2.16
0
2.16
2.07
0.28

D u b N tivity of H emk
istrib tion y a
om a er
N um ber of fam ilies having no hom e­
m aker_________ ______________ ________
N um b er of fam ilies having hom em aker
born in—
U nited S tates._.
----- ----- ._
Italy _ _________________ _________
G er m a n y ... __ ------------- ------------ _
E n gland ___ __ ----- --------------- --Ireland_________ ___ ___ __________
O th e r ... ____ ___ _________ __ ___

1
1

3

0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0

1
1
0
0
1

0
0
1
1
1

0
0
0
0
1

C p
om ositionofHu o
o seh ld
N um ber of households_________ _______ 203
A verage num ber of persons in house­
h old ___________________________________ 3.53
N um ber of households w ith —
Boarders and lo d g e r s .--------------20
Boarders o n ly ____________ . . . . . .
0
2
Lodgers o n ly ------ ----------------- __. . . .
16
Other persons_________________________
Average size of econom ic fam ily in—
3.42
Persons, total_____ __
.94
U nder 16 years of age_______________
16 years of age and over_____________ 2.48
E xpenditure u n i t s _____________ ______ 3.16
Average num ber of persons in house­
hold not. m em bers of econom ic fam ily. 0.13

5
6.22
0
0
0
1

6.13
3. 53
2.60
5. 23
0.09

0
0
1

0
0
1

4. 74
2.08
2. 66
4.22
0.06

3. 87
1.30
2. 57
3. 53
0.11

0
0

0
1

0
0
2

0
1
1

0
0
0

0

1 “ C hildren” are defined as persons under 16 years of age. “A d u lts” are persons 16 years of age and over.
2 Fam ilies of these typ es are included in the 1917-18 stu d y, Cost of L iving in the U nited States, B , L . S.
B u ll. N o. 357, 1924.
N otes on this table are in appendix A , p. 377.




TABULAR SUMMARY

125

T a b l e 2.— Description of families studied, by economic level— Continued
IN D IA N A P O L IS , I N D .— W H IT E F A M IL IE S — C ontinued
E conom ic level— F am ilies spending per expenditure u n it per year
Item

A ll
fam i­
lies

$100

to

$200

$300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $ 1,000
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to and
$300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $ 1,000 over

$200

E rn g a dIn e
a in s n com
F am ilies in su rvey______________
6
7
9
203
5
21 49 35 35 25 11
N u m b er of fam ilies having—
E arnings of subsidiary earners.
81
6
3
5
8
18
11
13
6
10
1
N e t earnings from boarders
and lodgers_________________
2
4
2
2
21
5
3
3
0
0
0
4
5
Other net ren ts_______________
2
13
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
2
Interest and d ividends_______
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
P ensions and insurance annui­
2
3
2
ties____________ __ ________
7
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G ifts from persons outside
4
2
econom ic fam ily___. . . ._
14
2
4
1
0
0
0
1
0
2
1
0
0
1
O ther sources of incom e______
6
0
1
1
0
0
D ed u ctions from incom e
(business losses and ex­
2
p en ses)_____________________
12
2
3
0
3
0
0
1
1
0
Surplus (net increase in assets
and/or decrease in liab ili­
1
4
21
8
5
126
4
16
21
ties) _________________________
28
18
D eficit (net decrease in assets
and/or increase in liab ili­
14
4
4
4
20
7
3
3
73
13
ties)__________ ____________
1
2
2
0
0
0
Inheritance. ________________
0
0
0
0
0
0
Average num ber of gainful
workers per fam ily___________ 1. 47 1.40 1. 52 1. 41 1. 34 1.54 1.40 1.64 1. 50 1. 71 1. 67
Average am ount of—
N et fam ily in c o m e ___________ $1, 523 $914 $1,099 $ 1, 268 $1,456 $1, 669 $1, 692 $1,865 $1,710 $2,072 $2,480
914 1,085 1,258 1,422 1, 591 1,664 1, 846 1,710 2,07? 2, 281
E arnings of in divid uals_____ 1,486
C hief earner___________ __ 1,272
823 979 1,114 1,286 1,362 1,458 1, 508 1,440 1,432 1, 621
214
Subsidiary earners. _______
91 106 144 136 229 206 338 270 640 660
M ales: 16 years and o ver. 1,232
914 912 1,085 1,239 1,340 1, 411 1,479 1,369 1,258 1, 594
U nder 16 years___ (3)
0
0
0
0 (3)
0
0
0
0
0
Fem ales: 16 years and
254
over__________
173 173 183 251 253 367 341 814 687
0
U nder 16 y ea rs..
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
N et earnings from boarders
22
35
15
16
23
15
and lodgers_______________
16
10
0
0
0
12
6
O ther net ren ts_____________
5
11
0
3
0
3
0
0
0
Interest and d ivid end s_____ (3)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 (3)
P ensions and insurance an­
35
68
0
n u ities____________
0
6
0
0
0
10
0
0
G ifts from persons outside
8
2
4
2
0
0
33
3
1
0
econom ic fam ily__________
0
16
6
1 (3)
6
0
0
0
60
Other sources of in com e.. _
0
0
D edu ctions from incom e
(business losses and ex­
-5
-9
-6
0
-4
0
0
-1 0 (3)
p en ses)_________ __________
0 (3)
Surplus per fam ily having
surplus (net increase in
assets and/or decrease in
52 114 118 126 138 165 228 545 398 203
liab ilities). ______ ______ 149
D eficit per fam ily having
deficit (net decrease in
assets and/or increase in
92
92
78 145 234 293 285 217 297
147
19
lia b ilitie s ).. _______________
N et change in assets and lia­
b ilities for all fam ilies in
su rvey. _______________ __ + 40 +37 +69 + 3 0 + 46 + 25 +53 +86 - 9 9 +134 - 1 9
0
2
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
Inheritance_____________ ___
Less than $0.50.
N otes on th is table are in appendix A , p. 377.

3




126

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

2.—

Description of families studied, by economic level— Continued

IN D IA N A P O L IS , I N D .—N E G R O F A M IL IE S

Item

E conom ic level— Fam ilies spending per expendi­
ture u n it per year

A ll
fam ilies

$100 to
$200

$200 to

$300 to
$400

$300

$500 and
over

$400 to
$500

D u b O p tionof C iefE rn
istrib tion y ccu a
h a er
a db F m T *
n y a ily ype
F am ilies in su rvey _______ ._ _________
N um ber of fam ilies in w hich chief earner
is—
Clerical w orker_________________________
Skilled w age earner------------- __ _ __
Sem iskilled w age earn er..---------- _ __
U nskilled w age earner ------------- --- _ . . .
N u m b er of fam ilies com posed of—
M an and w ife ._ ___ . . .
______ . . .
M an, wife, and 1 c h ild -------------- ------M an, w ife, and 2 to 4 children. ----- --M an, w ife, and 5 or more ch ild ren _____
M an, w ife, and children and adults
(4 to 6 p e r so n s)__________________ __
M an, wife, and children and adults
(7 or more persons)___________________
M an, wife, and 1 a d u lt _________ ___ __
M an, wife, and 2 to 4 a d u lts----------------M an, wife, and 5 or more a d u lts______
A dults (2 or 3 persons, not including
m an and w ife)-----------------------------------A dults (4 or more persons, not includ­
ing m an and w ife)_________ ________
A du lt or adults and children (2 or 3
persons, not including m an and w ife).
A dult or adults and children (4 or m ore
persons, not including m an and wife) _

101

18

6

1
0
1

4
23

27

24

19

13

1
1

2
1
6

1
1

1
1
2

9
16

5

68

16

15

12

9

36
12
19

2

10

8
0

2
0

13
3

2

0
0
8
2

1
0

11
1
0
0

8

1

4

3

0

0

6
10

5

1
6
1
0

0
2
2
0

0
1
0
0

0
1
0
0

4

0

0
1
0

3

5

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

0

0

2

1

1

0

0

0

D u b N tivityofH emk
istrib tion y a
om a er
N um b er of fam ilies having no hom e­
m aker___________________________ __ . .
N um ber of fam ilies having hom em aker
born in U nited S ta te s.__ _ __________

0

0

0

0

0

0

101

18

27

24

19

13

101

18
6.37

27
4.08

24
2.96

19
2. 58

13
2.23

0
0
1
0

2
0
1
0

0
0
0
0

2
0
1
1

1
0
0
0

6. 33

3.98
1.48
2. 50
3. 50

2.96
0. 52
2.44
2.78

2. 42
0.32

2.10
2.20

0.11

0

0.16

2.15
0.08
2.07
2.05
0.08

C p
om ositionof Hu o
o seh ld
N um b er of h ouseholds. _____ ________ __
Average num ber of persons in household.
N um ber of households w ith —
Boarders and lo d g e r s______ ._ __ _
Boarders only _. _ __________
_ __
Lodgers o n ly .............. . . . _ _ . . . __
Other p e r so n s_________. . . __ . . .
Average size of econom ic fam ily in—
Persons, to ta l.. . . . _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
U nder 16 years of a ge__________ ___
16 years of age and o v e r .. ___________
E xpenditure u n its. __ ____________ __
Average num ber of persons in household
not m em bers of econom ic fam ily___ ___

3.70
5
0
3

1

3.63
1.21
2.42
3.26
0.08

3.49
2.84
5.50
0.04

i “ C hildren” are defined as persons under 16 years of age. “A d u lts” are persons 16 years of age and over.
N otes on this table are in appendix A , p. 377.




TABULAE SUMMARY
T able

2 , — Description

127

of families studied, by economic level— Continued

IN D IA N A P O L IS , I N D .—N E G R O F A M IL IE S — C ontinued

Item

E conom ic level— F am ilies spending per expendi­
ture u n it per year

All
fam ilies

$100 to
$200

$200 to

$300 to
$400

$300

$400 to
$500

$500 and
over

E rn g a dIn e
a in s n com
F am ilies in su rvey...........................................
N um b er of fam ilies having—
E arnings of subsidiary earners_________
N e t earnings from boarders and lodgers.
Other n et rents____ _______ ____________
Interest and d ivid en d s_________________
P ensions and insurance a nn u ities. _ __
G ifts from persons outside econom ic
fam ily ________ _______ _________________
O ther sources of in com e________________
D eductions from incom e (business
losses and expenses)__________________
Surplus (net increase in assets and/or
decrease in lia b ilitie s )__________
D eficit (net decrease in assets and/or
increase in liab ilities)__________ ___
Inheritance_____________________________
Average num ber of gainful workers per
fam ily..................................... ...............................
Average am ount of—
N e t fam ily incom e______________________
E arnings of in d iv id u a ls. ___________
C hief earner. _______________________
Subsidiary earners ______________
M ales: 16 years and o v e r .. _______
U nder 16 y e a r s .___________
Fem ales: 16 years and over------------U nder 16 years. _ _ __
N e t earnings from boarders and
lodgers______________________________
Other net ren ts. ___________________
Interest and d ivid end s_______________
P ensions and insurance ann u ities____
G ifts from persons outside econom ic
fam ily____________________ ___ . . .
Other sources of in co m e ._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
D eductions from incom e (business
losses and expenses)_______________
Surplus per fam ily h aving surplus (net
increase in assets and/or decrease
in liab ilities)_________________ _____
D eficit per fam ily having deficit (net
decrease in assets and/or increase in
liab ilities)______ . . . __ __________ . . .
N et change in assets and liabilities for
all fam ilies in su rv ey. _____________
Inheritance________ __ ______________ . .
N otes on this table are in appendix A , p. 377.




101

18

27

24

39
7

10

0
0

8
1
0
0
2

0
0

3

10
0
0
0
2

6

0
2

1
2

2
2

7
4

3

19
5

13

2
0
0
0

1
0
0
0

0
0

1
0

6

0

0

0

0

0

0

79

13
5

22

20

18

6

0

5

0

4

0

1
0

0

1. 54

1. 72

1.63

1.58

1.26

1.46

$990
974

$903
884
770
114
811
0
72

$916
897
827
70
803
4

$1,015
997
901
96
892
0
105

$1,013
1,002
941
61
954
0
48

$1,178
1,171
1, 059
112
1,119
0
52

3

0
0
0
10

11
0
0
0

0
0
0

1

3

5

0
0

0
0

21
0

886
88

894

2

7 7

1

1

88
2

0

0

6

0

7

6
0
0

0
0

5

11
0
0
1

1

5

0
11

6

0

0

0

0

0

0

76

82

90

65

59

106

68

76
+38

58
+ 62

45
+ 47

26
+55

+6

4

+46

0

0

0

0

0

92
0

128

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T able 2 . —Description of families studied, by economic level— Continued

L A N S IN G , M IC H .— W H IT E F A M IL IE S
E conom ic level— F am ilies spending per expenditure unit
per year

Item

A ll
fam i­
lies U nder $300
to
$300 $400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$600
to
$700

$700
to
$800

$800
to
$900

$900
and
over

D u b O p tion of C ief
istrib tion y ccu a
h
E rn a db F m T 1
a er n y a ily ype
F am ilies in su rv e y ____________ ____
N um b er of fam ilies in w hich chief
earner is—
Clerical w orker_____________________
Skilled w age earner----------------- —
Sem iskilled wage earner___________
U nskilled w age earner______________
N um b er of fam ilies com posed of—
M an and w ife. __________________
M an, w ife, and 1 c h ild .. ------M an, wife, and 2 to 4 children____
M an, w ife, and 5 or m ore child ren ..
M an, w ife, and children and adults
(4 to 6 persons)___________________
M an, w ife, and children and adults
(7 or more persons)_______ _______
M an, w ife, and 1 a d u lt ___________
M an, wife, and 2 to 4 ad u lts_______
M an, w ife, and 5 or m ore ad u lts___
A du lts (2 or 3 persons not including
m an and w ife)______________
A du lts (4 or more persons not in ­
cluding m an and w ife)_______ . .
A du lt or adults and children (2 or
3 persons not including m an and
w if e ) _____ __ ______________ _____
A du lt or adu lts and children (4 or
more persons not including m an
and w ife)__________ ____________

145

28

41
48
44

10
12

12

30

28

20

17

7

11
6
8

4

2
1
0

4

3

8
6
2

5
9

3

9
7
3

4

11

1
1

2
6
11
0

6
8
0

2
0

8
6
1
0

4

7

9
4

2
0
0

6
0
0
0

0
0
0

3

2
1

7

8

2

3
2
3

1
0

0

41
27
35

14

18

8

7

2

0

1

0

0

0

2
6
2
0

2
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
1
2
0

0

0
1
0
0

0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

8

0

3

1

2

0

0

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

3

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

135
3

27

26

27

20
0
0
0
0

14

7

6
1
0
0
0

8
0
0
0
0

20

17
3.12
4
1
3

1

1

3

0
0

5

D u b N tivityofH emk
istrib tion y a
om a er
N um b er of fam ilies having no hom e­
m aker________ ______________________
N um b er of fam ilies having hom e­
m aker born in—
U nited S tates_______________________
G erm any -------------- -----------------P olan d ______________________________
Canada (not F rench)___ _________
O ther________________ __ ______ .

1
2

3

0
0
0
1

0
1
0
2

1
0
0
0

1
0
2
0

0
0
0
0

C p
omositionofHu old
o seh
28
28
N um ber of households______
_____ 145
30
Average num ber of persons in house­
4. 92 4.05 3.56
hold_____________________ _________ 3. 57
N um ber of households w ith:
6
22
1
1
Boarders and lodgers_______________
1
2
Boarders on ly_______________________
0
0
2
9
3
0
Lodgers on ly ____________ ________
5
4
12
1
Other persons_______________ ____
A verage size of econom ic fam ily in—
4.86 3.84 3. 27
P ersons, t o ta l._________ __ . . . . . 3.37
2.27 1. 57 1.03
U nder 16 years of age_____________ 1.11
2.59 2.27 2.24
16 years of age and over--------- . . 2.26
4. 35 3.52 3. 01
E xpenditure u n its__________________ 3.10
Average num ber of persons in house­
hold not m em bers of econom ic
0.26 0.31
fam ily............................................................. 0.25
0.10
i “ C hildren” are defined as persons under 16 years of age. “A d u lts”
N otes on th is table are in appendix A , p. 377.




2.83
7

0
0
0

2.61
0.44
2.17
2. 43

1

2.68

0.52
2.16
2. 48

7

7

8

2. 62

2.20

2. 31

1
0
0
0

1
0
1
0

1
0
0
1

1.92
1. 92
1.85

0.14
2.06
2.18

2.38
0.32
2.06
2.27

0

2.20

0.27 0.47 0.32 0.34 0.14
are persons 16 years of age and over.

129

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

2 .—

Description of families studied, by economic level— Continued

L A N S IN G , M IC H .—W H IT E F A M IL IE S — C ontinued
E conom ic level—F am ilies spen d ing per expenditure u n it
per year

Item

A ll
fam i­
lies U nder $300
to
$300 $400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$700
to
$800

$600
to
$700

$800
to
$900

$900
and
over

E a r n in g s a n d In co m e

F am ilies in su rvey____________________ 145
28
N um b er of fam ilies havin g—
E arnings of subsidiary earners-----46
13
N et earnings from boarders and
29
lo d g e r s----------------------------------- -1
O ther net rents____________________
9
3
5
Interest and d ivid en d s____________
0
Pensions and insurance ann u ities - _
1
0
G ifts from persons outside econom ic
2
f a m ily _____________________
10
2
O ther sources of in com e____________
0
D ed u ctions from incom e (business
8
1
losses and expen ses)______________
Surplus (net increase in assets and/
22
or decrease in liab ilities)—
89
D eficit (net decrease in assets and/
or increase in lia b ilitie s). -----------6
48
4
1
In heritance--------- -------------- -- --Average num ber of gainful workers
1.39
per fam ily____________________ ______ 1.28
Average am ount of—
N et fam ily i n c o m e .- ----- ------------ $1,395 $1,125
E arnings of in d ivid u als__________ 1, 357 1,108
C hief earner___________________ 1,269 1,046
Subsidiary ea r n er s-.. ---------62
88
M ales: 16 years and over---------- 1,227 1,030
U nder 16 years. _ ___ _ (3)
1
Fem ales: 16 years and over____
77
130
U nder 16 years ______
0
0
N e t earnings from boarders and
8
30
lodgers__________________ ____
7
8
Other net rents________
___
Interest and d ivid en d s. _ . ____
2
0
P ensions and insurance an n u ities.
2
0
G ifts from persons outside eco­
2
1
nom ic fam ily. --------------- ----Other sources of in com e. _____ __
1
0
D eductions from incom e (busi­
ness losses and expenses). _ _ _
-6
(3)
Surplus per fam ily having surplus
(net increase in assets and/or de­
108
crease in liab ilities)___ __ _
_ 157
D eficit per fam ily h aving deficit
(net decrease in assets and/or in­
69
crease in liab ilities)___ _________ 171
N et change in assets and liab ilities
+70
for all fam ilies in su rvey___ ______ + 4 0
2
Inheritance____________ ________ __
(3)
3 Less

than $0.50.
N otes on th is table are in appendix A ,p . 377.




7
3

7
3

8

7

17
3
7

0
1
0

1
0
0
0

2
2
0
0

1
1
1
0

0
0

2
0

0
0

0
0

1
0
0

28
7

20

4

6
2
1
0

2
1

3

30
11
1
1
1

2
0
1
0

1

4

1

0

2

2

0

2

20

14

4

1

12
1

13
3

2

8
1

13
7

4

1

2
0

6
0

1.21

1.29

1.11

1.15

1.42

1. 45

1.54

$1, 225 $1, 349
1,179 1,309
1,154 1, 250
59
25
1,111 1,159
0
0
68
150

$1, 441
1,403
1,351
52
1,310
0
93

$1, 637 $1, 564 $ 1, 713
1, 581 1, 552 1,727
1,504 1,289 1, 395
77
332
263
1, 548 1, 448 1,331
0
0
0
33
104
396

$2, 059
1,997
1, 723
274
1, 436
0
561

0

0

37
1
3

22
10
1
0

2

3
4

8

(3)
-5

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

68
0

12
0
0
0

22

21

0
0

0

3

0
0

0
0

-1 5

0

-7 0

0

68

283

41

39
(3)

0
0
0
0

-1

(3)

0
0

122

194

222

172

98
+ 55
3

164
+ 27
4

100
+110
0

546
+ 35

0

34

0

23
15

3

0

254
233
138
-1 1 3 +123 -1 8 6
9
0
0

130

BAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T able

2 .— Description

of families studied, by economic level— Continued

M IL W A U K E E , W IS ,—W H IT E F A M IL IE S

Item

D istribution by Occupation of Chief
Earner and by F am ily T ype 1
Fam ilies in survey _ _ ___ _ _ __
N um ber of fam ilies in w hich chief
earner is—
Clerical worker _ _ __ _ _
Skilled w age earn er.________
...
Sem iskilled w age earner___ _ _ _ _ _ _
U nskilled w age earner_______________
N um ber of fam ilies com posed of—
M an and w ife ___ _._ __ ___ __
M an, w ife, and 1 child 2______ __ _ _
M an, w ife, and 2 to 4 children 2__ _
M an, w ife, and 5 or more children 2__
M an , w ife, and children and adults
(4 to 6 persons)2. _ ___ ---------- --M an , w ife, and children and adults
(7 or m ore persons )2 ____ __ ___ ___
M an , w ife, and 1 adu lt______ _ __ _
M an, w ife, and 2 to 4 ad u lts.
M an , w ife, and 5 or more adults
A du lts (2 or 3 persons, not including
m an and w ife ). --------------- -----------A du lts (4 or more persons, not includ­
ing m an and wife) _ __ _ _ __ _
A du lt or adults and children (2 or 3
persons, not including m an and
w ife). _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
A dult or adults and children (4 or
more persons, not including m an
and wife) ___ _____________________
D istribution by N ativity of Homemaker
N um ber of fam ilies having no hom e­
m aker _ ___ __ ___ _ _ _ _ _
N um b er of fam ilies having hom em aker
born in—
U n ited S ta te s ___ _______ _ ___ ___
Ita ly __________________________________
G erm any _ _ _ ---------- --- __ ___ __
Poland
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ----- --R ussia. _ _ --------- -------------------------Canada (not French) _ _ _ _ _ _
E ngland
_ _ ___ ------------___ _
Sw eden________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __
O ther _ _ __ ----- _ __ __ -__ ___
Composition of Household
N um ber of households__ ___ _______ __
A verage num ber of persons in house­
h old ________________________________
N um ber of households w ith —
Boarders and lodgers____ _ _ _ _ _ _
Boarders on ly____ __ _
Lodgers on ly____ _______
___
Other persons.. _ _
_ ------A verage size of econom ic fam ily in—
Persons, total _ ______ _ --------------U nder 16 years of age _ __ _ .__
16 years of age and o v e r ... __ __
E xpenditure units ______ ________
Average num ber of persons in house­
hold not m em bers of econom ic fam ily.

E conom ic level- —Fam ilies spending per expenditure u n it
per year
A ll
fam i­
lies U n ­ $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $ 1,000 $ 1,100
der to to to to to to
to
to and
$300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $ 1,000 $ 1,100 over

446

42

79 116

66

56

33

25

7

11

11

19
23
23

13
15
19
9
25

9
8
9
7
14

5
7
3

3

10

2
2
0

4
4
3

4
4
3

22

7

0

0
0

0
0
0

7
3

0

11
0
0
0

136
155
55

12

5
18
7

16
25
24
14

22

110
86
102

0
1

2

11
22

100

7
47
13
33
19

19

2
8

9

4
34
5
15
3
2
5

36
44
14
34

0

1

11

19
13

0

22
1
0

12
1

3

0

0

0

17

6

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

16

0
10

0

3

0
1

3

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

4

0

0
0
0

0

8
0

0

0
0

15

0

2

5

4

2

2

0

0

0

0

6

2

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

4

0

2

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

4

1

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

333
3
40
21
4

29

56

7

84
1
17
4

54
0
4

41
0
3
3

24
0
4

7

7

22
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
2

0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1

56 33 25
2. 71 2. 78 2. 35
5
6
3

2. 61

6
2

3
33

2
2

4

0
1
0
0

4

0
6
1
0
2
0

1
2
0
0

0

2
2
1
0
1
2

446
42 79 116 66
3.73 5. 75 4.90 3. 76 3. 36
61
3 11 20
9
4
0
1
2
0
2
4
8
0
0
22
0
0
6
4
3.54 5. 72 4. 71 3. 52 3.23
1.09 2. 81 1.89 1.01 0. 85
2.45 2.91 2.82 2. 51 2. 38
3.24 5.06 4.22 3.23 3.00
0.20 0.07 0.20 0.26 0.16

0
1
0
1

7

1
1
2

2. 58
0. 46
2.12
2. 42
0.15

0
0
1
0
1
2

0
0

0
0

5

7
3

0
0
0

9

9

0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1

11

11

2. 50 2.15
1
0
0
2

0
0
1
1

4
3
2. 57 2.12 2.10 2. 47 2.00
0. 46 0.12 0.10 0.25 0
2.11 2.00 2.00 2.22 2.00
2. 40 2. 01 1.99 2. 39 1.98
0. 21 0.24 0. 55 0.07 0.18

1 “ C hildren” are defined as persons under 16 years of age. “ A d u lts” are persons 16 years of age and over.
2 F am ilies of these typ es are included in the 1917-18 stu d y, C ost of L iving in th e U nited States, B . L . S.
B u ll. N o. 357.
N otes on this table are in appendix A , p. 377.




TABULAR SUMMARY

131

T able 2.— Description of families studied, by economic level— Continued

M IL W A U K E E , W IS.— W H IT E F A M IL IE S — C ontinued
E conom ic level— Fam ilies spending per expenditure unit per year
Item

A ll
fam i­
lies

U n ­ $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $ 1,000 $ 1,100
der to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to and
$300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $ 1,000 $ 1,100 over

E a r n in g s a n d In co m e

F am ilies in su rv ey ______________ 446
42
79 116
66
56
33
25
7
11
11
N um ber of fam ilies having—
E arnings of subsidiary earners. 124
23
12
10
6
2
11
30
20
5
5
N et earnings from boarders
4
and lodgers_________________
63
11
23
7
7
4
3
3
0
1
Other net rents_______________
51
6
4
6
16
7
5
5
1
0
1
35
2
3
9
4
Interest and divid end s______
5
6
3
0
1
2
Pensions and insurance annu­
17
4
ities________________________
1
3
3
5
1
0
0
0
0
G ifts from persons outside eco­
nom ic fam ily. _________
21
6
4
0
3
3
1
1
0
1
2
4
8
Other sources of incom e_____
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
D eductions from incom e (busi­
2
2
ness losses and expenses)___
25
6
3
3
3
3
0
3
0
Surplus (net increase in assets
and/or decrease in liab ili­
24
44
42
78
35
15
19
4
2
ties)_________________________ 264
1
D eficit (n et decrease in assets
14
22
and /or increase in 1iabilities) _ 168
33
35
17
5
3
20
10
9
4
1
1
1
Inheritance. _________________
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
Average num ber of gainful w ork­
ers per fam ily_________________ 1. 32 1.29 1.39 1. 28 1. 35 1.25 1.30 1.24 1.29 1. 45 1. 45
A verage am ount of—
N et fam ily incom e____________ $1,555 $ 1, 277 $1,442 $1,457 $1, 641 $ 1, 570 $1, 773 $ 1, 727 $1,929 $ 1,939 $ 2, 260
E arnings of in d iv id u a ls. . . . 1,503 1,238 1,394 1,395 1,582 1,525 1,728 1,667 1,829 1,957 2, 200
C hief earner_________ . . . 1,371 1,160 1,276 1, 292 1,434 1,409 1,545 1,557 1,691 1, 626 1,775
Subsidiary earners_______
132
78 118 103 148 116 183 110 138 331 425
M ales: 16 years and over.. 1,344 1,130 1,247 1, 289 1, 365 1,349 1,530 1,558 1,689 1, 625 1, 775
2
U nder 16 years___ (3)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Fem ales: 16 y e a r s a n d
108 145 106 217 176 198 109 140 332 425
over_____ _ __ 159
U nder 16 years..
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
N et earnings from boarders
74
34
22
21
24
27
38
15
and lodgers_______________
20
20
0
17
12
22
4
14
7
16
26
26
13
0
Other net ren ts_____________
2 (3)
2
Interest and divid end s. _ __
1
14
3
5
1
0 (3)
(3)
Pensions and insurance an­
4
4
25
9
0
0
0
0
8
11
1
nuities _ _________________
G ifts from persons outside
2
3
4
3
6
1
1
0
1
11
0
econom ic fa m ily . . . . .
2
4
0
2
0
16
0
0
0
1 (3)
O ther sources of incom e . __
D ed u ctions from incom e
(business losses and ex­
-2
-2
-2
-6
0 -1 9
0
-5
-5
-3
penses) ____________________ - 3
Surplus per fam ily having sur­
plus (net increase in assets
and/or decrease in liab ili­
166 101 132 137 179 201 156 324 538 511
tie s). _. ____ . . . _ _. . . 150
D eficit per fam ily h aving def­
icit (net decrease in assets
95 139 135 175 194 234 277 323 606 360
and/or increase in liab ilities). 203
N et change in assets and lia­
b ilities for all fam ilies in
su rvey________ . . . ------------ +12 + 63 - 2 + 48 + 29 + 43 - 2 9 + 63 + 47 -5 0 2 -202
0
73
0
0
0
1
0
27
1
0
5
Inheritance_________ _ _ __
Less than $0.50.
N otes on th is table are in appendix A , p. 377.

3




132

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T able 3. — Expenditures for groups of items, by economic level

C IN C IN N A T I, O H IO — W H IT E F A M IL IE S
E conom ic level— F am ilies spending per expenditure u n it per year
Item

A ll

fam i­ U n ­
lies
der

$300

$300

$400

$500

$600

$700

$800

$400

$500

$600

$700

$800

$900 $1,000 $1,100

to

to

to

to

to

to

$900

to

$1,000 $1,100

to

and
over

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r G ro u p s o f Ite m s

352
72
88
55
42
31
5
F am ilies in su rvey--------------------28
13
10
8
Average fam ily size:
Persons------------------------------------ 3.37 5.44 4.00 3.29 2.94 2.82 2.48 2.68 2. 30 2. 75 2.20
E xpenditure u n its--------------3.09
3. 61 3.03
4.76
2.73
2.61
2.23
2.13
2.38
2.53
2.68
Food expenditure u n its_______ 2.89 4.46 3.34 2.83 2.58 2.42 2.24 2.35 2.06 2.53 2.09
C lothing expenditure u n its. __ 2.70 3.81 3.09 2.67 2.40 2.27 2.33 2.43 2.27 2.50 1.81
Average annual current expend­
iture for—
A ll item s--------------------------------- $1, 519 $1,144 $1. 283 $1, 347 $1, 507 $1, 665 $1,759 $2,120 $2,115 $2, 969 $2, 702
504
521
508
530
552
F o o d ----------------------------------- 544
561
715
745
594
818
C lothing------------------------------- 158
116 125 134 163 170 213 173 241 439 185
H ou sin g------------------------------239
174 212 213 241 273 287 294 357 371 326
F uel, ligh t,an d refrigeration.
91
87
91
88
91
81 103
87
82 123 131
O ther household op eration . _
42
50
41
37
55
53
66
58
74 114 113
Furnishings and equipm ent.
77
41
49
60
73
89 121 199 114 148 222
Automobile and m otorcyclepurchase, operation, and
m aintenance. ________ __
83
11
34
45
75 124
86
196 230 331 632
O ther transportation_______
48
32
41
53
45
47
51
59
56
67
54
Personal care----------------------29
23
25
26
42
27
30
34
35
43
67
M edical care--------- . . . . . .
52
32
41
44
63
62
73
53
71
48 127
R ecreation__________________
86
71
89 122
48
64
57
97 170 131 174
7
E d u ca tio n --------------------- . . .
6
4
5
6
22
6
1
4
16
0
V ocation------------------------------7
5
8
6
12
25
22
6
8
6
16
C om m u n ity welfare ______
11
18
14
19
24
17
19
24
17
16
36
G ifts and contributions to
persons outside the eco­
15
nom ic fam ily --------------------23
12
7
19
32
26
27
79
61 135
O ther it e m s -----------------------8
15
4
10
4
3
3
4
1
16
10
Percentage of total annual cur-

ent expenditure for—
A ll item s--------------------------------F o o d -- ------------- ------------C lothing------------------------------H ou sing------------------------------F uel, ligh t,an d refrigeration.
O ther household op era tio n ..
Furnishings and equ ip m en t.
A utom obileand m otorcycle—
purchase, operation, and
m aintenance--------------------Other transportation______
Personal care----------------------M edical care..
--------R ecreation__________________
E du cation ____ __ _________
V ocation____________________
C om m u n ity welfare _____
G ifts and contributions to
persons outside the eco­
nom ic fam ily-------------------O ther item s. _____ . . . ___
1 L ess

100.0

35.8
10.4
15.7
6.0
3.3
5.1
5.4
3.2
1.9
3.4
5.7
.4
.5

1.2

1.5
.5

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

44.1 40.6 37.7 35.2 33.2 31.9 33.7 28.0
10.1
9.7 9.9 10.8 10.2 12.1 S.2 11.4
15.2 16.5 15.8 16.0 16.3 16.3 13.8 16.8
7.7 6.8 6.8 6.0 4.9 5.9 4.1 3.9
3.6 2.9 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.8 2.7 3.5
3.6 3.8 4.5 4.8 5.3 6.9 9.4 5.4

4.2
.3
.7

2.7
3.2
1.9
3.2
5.0
.4
.5

.6

.9

1.0
2.8
2.0
2.8

1.0

.3

th an 0.05 percent.
N otes on this table are in appendix A, p. 378.




1.1

.8

3.3
4.0
1.9
3.3
5.3
.4
A
1.4

5.0
3.1
1.8
4.2
5.9
.5
.4
1.1

7.4
3.1
1.8
3.2
7.3
.4
.5
1.4

4.9
3.3
1.9
4.0
5.5
.1
.3

1.1
1.1

1.3
.3

1.6
.2

1.8
.2

1.1

9. 3
2.6
1.7
2.9

8.0
.2
.8
1.1

1.3

.2

10.8

3.2
2.0
2.3

6.2
.8
1.2
.8

2.9

.8

27.6
14.8
12.5
4.1
3.8
5.0

27.6
6.9
12.1
4.8
4 .2

11.2
1.8

23.4
1.7
1.6
2.7

2.3
4.3
5.9
0
.7

8.2

2.1
.8

.4

1.2

4.5
.3

.6

2.9

0)

133

TABULAR SUMMARY

T able 3.— Expenditures for groups of items, by economic level— Continued

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L IE S

Ite m

E x p e n d itu r es fo r

A ll
fam ilies

$100 to $200 to $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 an d
$200
$300
$400
$500
$600
over

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ______________________________
A verage fam ily size:
P erso n s_______________________ ______________
E x p en d itu re u n it s ._ _____________________ __
F ood exp en d itu re u n it s .. ______ __ ______
____
C lo th in g exp en d itu re u n its ______ __
A verage an n u al current ex p en d itu re for—
A ll ite m s ______ _______ ___________ _____
F o o d .. _____________ ________ _________
C lo th in g . _______________________ . . . . . .
H o u sin g ________________________________ . . .
F u el, ligh t, an d refrigeration _____________
O ther h ou seh old o p eration ________________
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t______________
A u to m o b ile and m otorcycle— purchase,
op eration , an d m a in te n a n c e____________
O ther tr a n sp o r ta tio n .__ _ ________ ______
P erson al care____________________ ______ _
___ . . . __________
M ed ica l ca ie _____
R ecreation _______ __ ___________. . . . . .
E d u c a tio n .._ _ . . . _________ _______ . . .
V o c a tio n ___ __________
. . . __ _____
C o m m u n ity w e l f a r e . ___________ __ .
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to persons o u t­
sid e th e eco n om ic fa m ily ___ _ . . . _
O ther ite m s__________ _ _ I _ _______ . . . .
P ercen ta ge of total an n u al current ex p en d ­
itu re for—
A ll it e m s . _ _ __ ______ _______ __ _____
F o o d ________________________________________
C loth in g ____________ _________ _____ __ .
H o u sin g . _______
_____________________
F u el, ligh t, an d refrigeration . __ __________
O ther h o u seh old o p eration ___ ________
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t______________
A u to m o b ile an d m otorcycle— purchase,
op eration , an d m a in t e n a n c e ___ _____
O ther tra n sp o rta tio n ______ __________ __
P erson al care________ ______ __ . . . _ _
M ed ica l ca r e . ______________ _ . . . . __
R ecrea tio n ___ _________ __________ . . . _
E d u ca tio n ^ _________________________________
V o c a tio n ______ ______ ________________
C o m m u n ity w elfa re_______ _______ __ ..
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to persons o u t­
sid e th e eco n om ic fa m ily ___ _ ._ . . .
O ther ite m s _____________ ___________ ....
1 L ess th a n $0 50.
2 L ess th a n 0.05 percent.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 378.




E co n o m ic lev el— F a m ilies sp en d in g per ex p en d i­
tu re u n it per year

100
3.37
3.05
2. 85
2.63

10
5. 62
5.05
4. 83
4.18

26
4. 27
3. 76
3. 48
3.19

26
3.24
2.91
2. 67
2.45

19
2.31
2.19
2.11
1.97

$988
376
100
172
87
31
45
16
39
19
28
42
5
2
12
11
3

$817
390
75
146
74
17
15
1
29
14
14
20
1
0
8
2
11

$907
363
103
155
84
33
51
3
30
17
17
35
1
0)
H
(0

$994
376
109
175
87
23
52
5
39
19
30
47
1
3
11
10
7

$955 $1,083 $1, 394
357
381
439
89
94
122
172
153
272
88
99
93
24
53
60
39
43
59
12
48
74
46
38
69
19
23
21
34
35
58
42
64
48
1
55
0)
2
2
5
13
21
8
18
28
11
(l)
0)
0)

100.0
38.1
10.1
17.4
8 .8
3.1
4 .6
1. 6
4.0
19
2.8
4.3
.5
.2
1.2
1.1
.3

100.0
47.8
9 .2
17.9
9.1
2.1
1.8
.1
3.6
1. 7
1.7
24
.1
0
1. 0
.2
1.3

100.0
40.0
11.4
17.1
9.3
3.6
5 .6
.3
3.3
1.9
1.9
3 .9
.1
(2)
1.2
.4
(2)

100.0
37.9
11.0
17.6
8 .8
2.3
5 .2
.5
3 .9
1. 9
3.0
4 .7
.1
.3
1.1
1.0
.7

100 0
37.3
9.3
18.0
9 .2
2.5
4.1
1. 3
4 .8
2 .0
3.6
4 .4
(2)
.2
1.4
1.9
(2)

4

11
2.09
2.01
1.91
1.93

100 0
35 2
8 .7
14 2
9 1
4 .9
4 .0
4 .4
3.5
2. 1
3 .2
5 9
.1
.2
1.9
2.5
(2)

8
2.24
2.15
1.99
2.01

100.0
31.5
8 .8
19. 5
6 .7
4.3
4 .2
5.3
4 .9
1.5.
4 .2
3. 4
3 .9
.4
.6
.8
(2>

134

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T able 3.— Expenditures for groups of items, by economic level— Continued

C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S

Ite m

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

A ll
fam i­
lies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per ex p en d i­
tu re u n it per year
U n d er $300
to
$300 $400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$600
to
$700

$700
to
$800

$800
an d
over

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

82
490
106
83
44
35
66
74
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ----------------------------------------A v erage fa m ily size:
3.46
5. 50 4. 50 3.74 3. 21 2.79 2.70 2.29
P erso n s---------------------------------------------- - 3.17
4. 95 4.04 3. 41 2. 95 2. 58 2.55
2.19
E x p en d itu r e u n i t s ----------------------- ----------2. 94
4. 62 3.74 3.15 2. 71 2. 36 2.37 2.04
F ood exp en d itu re u n its ----------------------------4.16 3.44 2. 97 2. 55 2. 34 2.36 2.10
C lo th in g exp en d itu re u n its _________________ 2. 79
A v erage a n n u a l cu rren t exp en d itu re for—
A ll ite m s ------ ------------------------------------------------- $1, 642 $1,194 $1,430 $1, 535 $1,594 $1, 665 $1,874 $2,136
531
533
512
494
498
545
558
562
F o o d ... _ _ - -------------- ------------- ----------174
180
139
159
186
171
222
C l o t h i n g - - .---------------------------------------------205
190
232
257
225
251
H o u sin g ________________ ________________
281
328
287
108
106
112
107
113
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration_______ _____
108
115
95
O ther h o u seh old o p eration _______ - 44
57
46
49
56
74
55
77
79
44
• 25
67
90
104
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t-------------------67
148
A u to m o b ile an d m oto rcy cle—p u rch ase,
126
62
74
19
op eration , an d m a in te n a n c e — ______
136
209
120
272
O ther tra n sp o rta tio n ___ __ ___ __ ___
42
45
44
46
42
36
38
40
30
19
26
30
28
30
32
P erso n al care_____ - - -----------------------39
74
M ed ica l care___ - _ __ __ -------------------67
27
59
66
66
77
87
88
46
73
76
82
R e cr e a tio n ________ _ _ ________ _____ __ 99
100
128
10
E d u c a tio n - _______ - ___
__ ___ 9
13
9
14
9
8
7
4
9
V o c a t io n _________ _______ _________
6
8
9
8
10
16
14
18
14
18
18
19
16
C o m m u n ity w elfa re____ - - - - - 24
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to persons o u t­
30
12
23
32
25
sid e th e eco n om ic fa m ily _______
7
23
79
10
1
6
8
. 13
15
O ther ite m s__________________ _
__ 18
12
P ercen ta ge of to ta l an n u al cu rren t exp en d ­
itu re for—
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
A ll i t e m s ___ ______ - ------------------F o o d ____ - ---------___ _ _ _ _ _ _
32.3
41.7 37.3 35.5 32.2 29.7 29.8 26.3
11.0
C lo th in g ----- --- ------------ _ --------------------11.6
11.3 10.7
11.2
11.1
11.0
10.4
H o u sin g --- ----------------_ - ---------------- 15.7
15.9
15.8 15.1
15.8
16.9
15.4
15.4
6 .6
7 .4
9 .0
7 .3
F u el, ligh t, and refrigeration_____________
7.1
6.5
6.1
4 .4
O ther h o u seh old o p e r a t io n .__________ _
3 .2
3 .2
3 .5
3 .3
3 .7
3 .5
3 .9
3 .6
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t____ _________
2.1
4 .4
4 .2
5.4
4 .8
3.1
5.5
6 .9
A u to m o b ile and m o torcycle— p urchase,
op eration , an d m a in te n a n c e____ __ _ .
1.6
4 .4
7 .6
4 .8
7 .5
8 .2
11.2
12.8
O ther tr a n sp o r ta tio n _______ _______
2 .6
3 .2
2 .9
2.6
2 .2
3 .7
2 .0
1.9
1.6
P erson al care
-----------_ _ _
1.8
2 .0
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.8
4.1
2 .2
M ed ica l care—. ___
_________ _ 4.1
4 .3
4.1
4 .4
4. 1
4.1
R ecreation .
_
_ _ _ _ -------------5 .4
3 .9
5.1
4 .9
5.1
5.9
5 .3
6 .0
E d u c a tio n _____ _ ------------------------ -------.6
.8
.9
.6
.9
.5
.4
.3
V o c a tio n ...
----------- .5
.3
.4
.6
.5
.5
.5
.7
C o m m u n ity w elfa re_____ ______ _________
1.1
1.2
1.2
1.0
1.1
1.1
.9
1.1
G ifts and con trib u tio n s to persons o u t­
sid e th e eco n om ic f a m ily .._
_ _ _
.6
1.8
1.2
.8
1.5
2 .0
1.5
3 .7
O ther ite m s_______________ ________ _ __
.6
.1
.4
.5
.9
.8
1.0
.6
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 378.




135

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

a b l e 3 .—

Expenditures for groups of items, by economic level— Continued
C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L IE S

A ll
fam i­
lies

Item

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

N o tes on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 378.




$100
to
$200

$200
to
$300

$300
to
$400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$600
to
$700

$700
an d
over

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

266
F a m ilie s in su r v e y _____________________________
A verage fa m ily size:
3.33
P erso n s_______________________ _____________
3.10
E x p en d itu r e u n it s _____ _________________
2. 92
F o o d exp en d itu re u n its _ _ _ _ _____________
2.62
C lo th in g ex p en d itu re u n its ________________
A verage a n n u a l cu rren t ex p en d itu re for—
A ll ite m s _________________________________ . $1, 362
423
F o o d _______________ _________ ________
139
C lo th in g _________________ ______________
224
H o u sin g ____________________________________
108
F u el, lig h t, an d r e fr ig e r a tio n __________
56
O ther h o u seh old op era tio n _______ _____
65
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t_____________
A u to m o b ile an d m o torcycle— purchase,
no
op eration , an d m a in te n a n c e ______ _ _.
23
O ther tra n sp o rta tio n ____ __
________
30
P erso n al care________ __ _ _ _ ________ _
52
M ed ica l care__________ _________________
76
R ecreation _________________________________
8
E d u c a tio n ______ _____________ __________
5
V o ca tio n _________________ _______ ______
13
C o m m u n ity w elfa re__________ _________
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to p erson s o u t­
24
sid e th e eco n om ic fa m ily .
6
O ther ite m s_______________________________
P ercen ta ge of to ta l an n u a l cu rren t e x p en d ­
itu re for—
A ll ite m s ______________________ ______________ 100.0
31.0
F o o d _______________________________________
10.2
... _
C lo th in g _________________ . . .
16.4
H o u s in g .. _________________________ __
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration_____________
7.9
4.1
O ther h o u seh old o p eration ___ ___________
4 .8
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t___________ _
A u to m o b ile an d m o torcycle— purchase,
op eration , an d m a in te n a n c e . __ . . .
8.1
1.7
O ther tr a n sp o r ta tio n ... . . . ____
._ _
2 .2
P erso n al care_____
._ . . . _____
3 .8
M ed ica l care___ __
_________
____
5.6
R ecrea tio n ___ _________ _ . . . ____
E d u c a tio n .. . . .
______ __
.6
.4
V o ca tio n ____ . . .
________ _ _
1.0
C o m m u n ity w elfa re___________________ _
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to persons o u t­
sid e th e eco n om ic fa m ily .
_ _ ...
1.8
.4
________ . . .
O ther ite m s .__ __ . . .

5 3 4 8 5 ° — 4(

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per ex p en d i­
tu re u n it per year

-10

7
6.64
6.00
5. 78
4.69

41
4. 51
4.17
3.93
3. 33

55
3. 72
3. 44
3.23
2.93

55

40

3.24
3.06
2.88
2. 62

2. 75
2.61
2.44
2. 31

30
2.44
2.28
2.16
1.88

38
2.26
2.16
2.05
1.94

$936 $1,079 $1,198 $1,369 $1,440 $1,476 $1,808
429
500
409
411
411
408
456
49
109
142
134
139
138
190
148
172
204
230
262
217
282
106
111
103
125
97
101
119
59
16
35
43
54
66
97
35
10
50
114
104
61
61
9
63
105
47
137
126
231
13
23
122
24
22
26
21
17
34
24
30
29
26
36
8
35
50
73
37
68
68
38
72
57
64
90
96
98
5
9
7
5
5
12
11
2
4
4
9
4
4
11
7
13
7
13
16
10
17
7
25
27
7
12
38
50
1
3
2
11
0
4
18
100.0 100.0
53.4 38.1
5 .2 10.2
15.8 16.0
11.3
9 .0
1.7
3 .2
1.1
3 .2
4 .5
1.0
2 .2
1.5
2 .2
1.8
.9
3 .2
5.3
4.1
1.1
.5
.2
.4
.7
.6
7
.6
.1
.3

100.0
34.3
11.2
17.0
8 .4
3 .6
4 .2
5.3
1.9
2 .2
3.1
5.3
.8
.3
1.1
1.0

.3

100.0
31.3
10.4
16.8
8.1
4 .3
4 .5
7.7

1.6
2 .5
3 .6
5.3
.5
.3
1.2
1.8
.1

100.0
28.3
9 .7
18.1
7 .2
3 .8
4 .2
9.5
1.5
2.1
4.7
6 .2
.8

.3

.9

1.9
.8

100.0
27.7
9.3
14.7
8 .5
4 .5
7 .7
8 .5
1.8
2 .0
4 .6
6 .5
.3
.6
.7
2.6
0

100.0
25.1
10.5
15.6
6 .6
5.4
5 .8
12.8
1.2
2 .0
4 .0
5.4
.3
.6
.9

2 .8
1.0

136

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T able 3.— Expenditures for groups of items, by economic level— Continued

D E T R O I T , M IC H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S
E co n o m ic le v e l—-F a m ilie s sp en d in g per exp en d itu re u n it per year
Ite m

A ll
fa m i­ $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,00 $1,100
to to to to to
to to to
lies
to
to
an d
$200 $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 $900 $1,000 $1,100 over

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r G r o u p s o f Ite m s

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ______________
A verage fa m ily size:
P e r s o n s .. ___ _
.. . .. ...
E x p en d itu re u n its -------------------F o o d exp en d itu re u n its _____ __
C lo th in g ex p en d itu re u n its_____
A verage a n n u a l current ex p en d i­
tu re for—
A ll ite m s_____________________
F o o d _______________ ____ . .
C lo th in g _______________________
H o u s in g _______________________
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration ..
O ther h o u seh o ld o p er a tio n . __
F u rn ish in g s an d eq u ip m e n t _ _
A u to m o b ile an d m o to ic y cle— pu rch ase, op eration ,
an d m a in te n a n c e ____________
O ther tr a n sp o rta tio n .__ . . . _
P erso n al care____ ___________ .
M ed ica l care_____ . . . . . _
R ecrea tio n ____ . _ _ _ _ _ _
E d u c a tio n ____ ______ ________
V o c a tio n . ___ ______________
C o m m u n ity w elfare __ _ ___
G ifts an d con trib u tio n s to
persons o u tsid e th e eco­
n o m ic fa m ily ________ _____ __
O ther ite m s_______ ___ _. ._
P ercen ta ge of to ta l a n n u a l current
exp en d itu re for—
A ll ite m s________ _____ ______
F o o d ___ __ __ ______ __ ___
C lo t h in g ... _
___ _
H o u sin g ________________________
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration .
O ther h o u seh o ld o p e r a tio n .. _
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t. _
A u to m o b ile an d m o to r­
cycle— p u rch ase, op eration ,
an d m a in te n a n c e . __ _____
O ther tra n sp o rta tio n __________
P erso n al care__________________
M ed ica l care___________________
R e cr e a tio n _____________________
E d u c a tio n _____________________
V o c a tio n _______________________
C o m m u n ity w elfare__________
G ifts an d c o n trib u tio n s to
persons o u tsid e th e eco­
n o m ic fa m ily ________________
O ther ite m s____________________

598
3. 66
3. 37
3.16
2.86
D o t.

16
6. 91
6. 32
6.06
5. 01

59
5.49
4. 88
4.59
3.94

101
4.69
4. 22
3.97
3. 51

122
3. 72
3.42
3.23
2.93

100
3.17
2.90
2.70
2. 41

76
2.86
2.68
2.54
2.33

56
2.55
2.48
2.23
2.14

32
2.3 0
2.20
2.10
2.15

D o t.

D o t.

D o t.

D o t.

D o t.

D o t.

D o l.

D o l.

D o l.

10
2.1 4
2.1 2
1.99
2.34
D o l.

7
2.03
2.02
1.90
2.12
D o l.

1,588 1,098 1, 269 1, 426 1, 521 1, 571 1,719 1,762 1,892 2,081 2,226 2,692
514 436 527 549 523 490 524 464 496 507 548 605
186 117 139 171 186 169 213 205 243 231 244 324
242 172 181 209 223 259 248 312 326 272 284 292
114 127 114 126 121 107 121 104 93
90
83 109
29 38 40 41 49 59 67 71
50
75
77 105
12 27 44 58 65 76 89 98
63
94 140 101
142
28
32
66
94
9
3
15

36
21
22
51
41
7
6
14

48
27
24
36
69
11
1
15

70
32
28
42
73
8
2
14

115
25
33
60
82
12
2
15

141
27
29
71
101
7
2
15

155
31
37
97
97
9
4
18

217
23
32
72
106
5
5
15

195
39
39
58
168
3
3
19

409
32
42
110
130
24
5
12

468
18
45
77
166
8
5
15

561
19
40
242
157
11
9
15

26
4

7
0

7
5

12
6

21
4

33
6

28
2

44
2

33
8

47
1

44
4

102
0

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
32.4 39.7 41.5 38.6 34.3
11.7 10.7 11.0 12.0 12.2
15.2 15.7 14.2 14.7 14.7
7 .2 11.6 9 .0 8 .8 8 .0
3.1 2 .6 3 .0 2 .8 2 .7
4 .0 1.1 2 .1 3 .1 3 .8

100.0
31.2
10.8
16.5
6 .8
3.1
4.1

100.0
30 .6
12.4
14.5
7 .0
3 .4
4 .4

100.0
26.4
11.7
17.7
5.9
3 .8
5.1

8 .9
1.8
2 .0
4 .2
5 .9
.6
.2
.9

3 .3
1.9
2 .0
4 .6
3 .7
.6
.6
1.3

3 .8
2 .1
1.9
2.8
5 .4
.9
.1
1.2

4 .9
2 .2
2 .0
2 .9
5.1
.6

1 .6
.3

0

.6

.6
.4

.8
.4

N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 378.




19
2. 21
2.16
2 .1 3
2.14

7.6
1.6
2 .2
3 .9
5.4
.8
.1
.1

1.0

9 .0
1.7
1.8
4 .5
6 .5
.4
.1
1.0 1.0

1.4
.3

2.1
.4

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
26.2 24.4 24.6 22 .5
12.8 11.1 10.9 12.0
17.2 13.1 12.8 10.8
4 .9 4 .3 3 .7 4 .0
3 .8 3 .6 3 .5 3 .9
5 .2 4 .5 6 .3 3 .8

9 .1 12.1 10.3
1.8 1.3 2 .1
2 .2 1.8 2.1
5 .6 4.1 3 .0
5 .6 6 .0 8 .9
.5
.3
.2
.2
.3
.2
1.0
.9 1.0
1.6
.1

2 .5

.1

1.7
.4

19.7
1.5
2 .0
5 .3
6 .2
1.1
.2
.6

21.0
.8
2 .0
3 .5
7 .4
.4
.2
.7

20.8
.7
1.5
9 .0
5.9
.4
.3
.6

2 .3
.1

2 .0
;2

3 .8
0

137

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

3 .—

Expenditures for groups of items, by economic level— Continued

G R A N D R A P ID S , M I C H — W H IT E F A M IL IE S

Ite m

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

A ll fam ilies

U n d er
$300

$300 to
$400

$400 to
$500

$500 to
$600

$600 an d
over

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ...............................................
A verage fa m ily size:
P erso n s. __________________________________
E x p en d itu r e u n its_____ _______ ________
F ood exp en d itu re u n its ______ ___________
C loth in g exp en d itu re u n its______________
A verage an n u al current exp en d itu re for—
A ll ite m s_____ __ ------------------ -----F o o d ___ __ _______________ __
C lo th in g _________________________________
H o u sin g __________________ __ . ___ __
F u el, lig h t, an d r e fr ig e r a tio n ____ __
O ther h ou seh old op era tio n ____________
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t___________
A u to m o b ile an d m otorcycle— p u r­
chase, op eration , an d m a in te n a n c e _
O ther tra n sp o rtation _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
P erson al care_________ ___ ____________
M ed ica l care_____________________ ______
_________
R ecrea tio n ________________
E d u c a tio n ___________ __________ _____ _
V o c a tio n ________________________
C o m m u n ity w elfare____ _____________
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to persons
o u tsid e th e eco n om ic fa m ily . ______
O ther ite m s______________________
P ercen tage of total an n u al current exp en d ­
itu re for—
A ll ite m s__________________________________
F o o d __________ ______ ______ __
C lo th in g ____________ _ _ ____________
H o u sin g ________________________ _
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration __________
O ther h o u seh old o p era tio n ____________
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t-------------A u to m o b ile an d m oto rcy cle— p u r­
chase, op eration , an d m a in te n a n c e . _
O ther tra n sp o rtation ------------------P erso n al care___________________________
M ed ica l care____________________________
R ecrea tio n __________________ _ _______
E d u c a tio n ------------------ ----------------------V o c a t io n .______ __
_______________
C o m m u n ity w e lfa re.__ __________
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to persons
o u tsid e th e eco n om ic fam ily _ ______
O ther i t e m s ________ _ _ _ _ _ _

194
3. 52
3. 23
3.03
2.75

47
5.08
4.55
4.29
3.71

39
3. 63
3.33
3.14
2.80

55
3.12
2.87
2. 65
2.46

19
2.84
2. 67
2.57
2. 21

34
2.29
2.20
2.05
2.12

$1, 296
400
149
164
122
51
57
130
14
27
51
65
8
3
23
23
9

$1,104
412
142
127
115
35
33
74
15
24
26
51
9
2
29
9
1

$1,151
399
139
135
124
44
43
78
10
26
41
65
9
2
16
11
9

$1, 260
377
137
166
123
50
69
109
16
25
63
63
10
2
22
21
7

$1,464
418
159
198
134
72
66
122
8
28
72
83
5
8
21
33
37

$1,691
412
183
225
120
73
83
304
18
33
68
78
3
4
27
52
8

100.0
30.9
11.5
12.7
9.4
3 .9
4.4
10.0
1.1
2.1
3 .9
5.0
.6
.2
1.8
1.8
.7

100.0
37.3
12.9
11.5
10.4
3 .2
3.0
6 .7
1.3
2.2
2.4
4 .6
.8
.2
2 .6
.8
.1

100.0
34.6
12.0
11.7
10.8
3.8
3 .7
6.8
.9
2.3
3 .6
5 .6
.8
.2
1.4
1.0
.8

100.0
29.7
10.9
13.2
9 .7
4.0
5 .5
8 .6
1.3
2.0
5.0
5.0
.8
.2
1.8
1.7
.6

iOO.O
28.6
10.9
13.6
9 .2
4.9
4 .5
8.3
.5
1.9
4.9
5.7
.3
.5
1.4
2.3
2.5

100.0
24.3
10.8
13.3
7.1
4.3
4 .9
18.0
1.1
2.0
4 .0
4 .6
.2
.2
1.6
3 .1

N o tes on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 378,




E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per ex p en d i­
ture u n it per year

6

BAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

138
T

able

3 .—

Expenditures for groups of items, by economic level— Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S

Ite m

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

A ll
fa m i­
lie s

E c o n o m ic level-—F a m ilie s sp e n d in g per e x p e n d itu r e u n it
per year
$100 to $200 to $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to
$200
$600
$300
$500
$400
$700

$700
an d
ov er

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

203
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ---------------------------A v era g e fa m ily size:
3. 42
P erso n s _ -------------------------------------E x p en d itu r e u n it s __________________
3.1 6
2.9 6
F o o d e x p e n d itu r e u n it s . --------C lo th in g ex p e n d itu r e u n it s ------ --- _
2. 78
A v era g e a n n u a l cu rren t e x p e n d itu r e
for—
A ll ite m s ------------------------------------------ $1, 488
F o o d _____________________ _________
457
C lo th in g . ----------------------------------163
H o u sin g . ------------ -------------------193
F u e l, lig h t, an d refrig era tio n -----121
O th er h o u se h o ld o p era tio n --------56
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t ._
88
A u to m o b ile an d m o t o r c y c le p u rch ase, op eration , a n d m a in ­
149
ten a n c e --------- ------------------O th er tra n sp o rta tio n _ . . . __ __
29
P erso n a l ca re-------- -----------------31
M e d ic a l care--------------------------------49
R e c r e a tio n ___________________
81
E d u c a tio n . ----------------------------11
V o c a tio n ____________ . . . ----------5
C o m m u n ity w elfare______________
24
G ifts a n d c o n tr ib u tio n s to p er­
so n s o u tsid e th e e co n o m ic
26
fa m ily _____________________ . .
O th er ite m s _ _ _ _ _ _ ____
5
P ercen ta g e of to ta l a n n u a l cu rren t
e x p e n d itu r e for—
A ll ite m s --------------------------- ------100.0
F ood _ _ . . . ------- ----------- . .
30 .8
C lo th in g -------------------------------------11.0
H o u sin g ------------------------------13.0
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration ____
8 .1
O th er h o u seh o ld op era tio n ______
3 .8
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t----5 .9
A u to m o b ile an d m o to r c y c le —
p u rch ase, op eration , an d
m a in te n a n c e . _ _ _______
10.0
O ther tra n sp o rta tio n _ _ . . .
2 .0
P erso n al ca re_____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
2. 1
M ed ica l care---------------- ----------3 .3
R e c r e a tio n ------------------------- -----5 .4
E d u c a tio n ... __ _ _ __ __ ___
.7
V o c a tio n ______________________ ___
.3
C o m m u n ity w elfa re_____________
1.6
G ifts a n d c o n tr ib u tio n s to p er­
so n s o u tsid e th e eco n om ic
1.7
fa m ily ______ ____________________
.3
O erite s __ __________
th
m
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 378.




5
6.13
5.23
4.90
3.98

21
4.74
4. 22
3.91
3.43

$900
404
82
109
97
34
17

$1,038
401
109
155
112
32
38

50
12
14
30
33
4
0
10

42
29
22
29
43
4
2
14

91
27
26
40
63
8
5
16

4
0

5
1

100.0
44.9
9 .1
12.1
10.8
3 .8
1 .9

3. 49
3. 25
3.08
2.83

35
3. 21
3.01
2. 82
2.70

25
2.70
2. 55
2. 38
2. 30

33
2. 22
2.17
2.06
2.24

$1, 250 $1,414
443
453
154
131
161
189
120
125
42
65
74
56

$1, 654
502
189
208
128
56
118

$1, 635
492
176
220
134
66
97

$2,007
453
227
245
108
80
152

119
26
30
53
68
13
4
20

119
34
33
56
108
24
10
35

165
38
33
56
79
9
4
31

370
23
41
62
129
6
7
14

15
6

18
3

32
2

34
1

35
55

100.0
38.6
10.5
14.9
10.8
3 .1
3 .7

100.0
35.4
10.5
12.8
9 .6
3 .4
4 .5

100.0
32.1
10.9
13.4
8 .8
4 .6
5 .2

100.0
30.4
11.4
12.6
7 .7
3 .4
7 .1

100.0
30.1
10.8
13.5
8 .2
4 .0
5 .9

100.0
22.6
11.4
12.2
5 .4
4 .0
7 .6

5 .6
1.3
1. 6
3 .3
3 .7
.4
0
1.1

4 .0
2 .8
2. 1
2 .8
4.1
.4
.2
1 .4

7 .3
2 .2
2. 1
3 .2
5.0
.6
.4
1.3

8 .4
1 .8
2. 1
3 .8
4 .8
.9
.3
1.4

7 .2
2 .1
2. 0
3 .4
6 .5
1.5
.6
2 .1

10.1
2 .3
2. 0
3 .4
4 .8
.6
.2
1 .9

18.5
1.1
2. 0
3 .1
6 .4
.3
.3
1 .7

.4

.5
.1

1 .2
.5

1.3
.2

1 .9
.1

2 .1
.1

2 .7
.7

0

49
3. 87
3. 53
3. 26
3.02

35

139

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

3. — Expenditures for groups of items, by economic level— Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .—N E G R O F A M I L IE S

A ll fa m ­
ilies

Ite m

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

$100 to
$200

$200 to
$300

$300 to
$400

$400 an d
over

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

F a m ilies in su r v e y ------------------------------------------------------A verage fa m ily size:
P erso n s_______________ ..
_ _ __ __ . . . . E x p en d itu re u n its ------------- ------ -----------------------F o o d exp en d itu re u n its .
. . . . . _ _______ _____
C o th in g exp en d itu re u n its _________ __ ___________
A verage a n n u a l cu rren t exp en d itu re for—
A ll ite m s ______________________________________________
F o o d _____________ _________ _______ ____________
C lo th in g _______________ . -------------------------H o u sin g _____________________________________________
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration--------------------------------O ther h o u seh o ld o p e r a t i o n .... ______ __ . . . __ .
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t. _ _________________
A u to m o b ile an d m o torcycle— p u rch ase, opera­
tion , an d m a in te n a n c e------- ------------------------ .
O ther tra n sp o rta tio n .. ------- . . . --------- --- __ __
P erso n al care_____ __ ____________ __ -- . . M ed ica l care___________________ ______________
R ecrea tio n ___ . . . -------------------------_
_ _
E d u c a tio n ___________________________________________
V o ca tio n ______________________ ___________ ______
C o m m u n ity w elfare_______________________________
G ifts an d con trib u tio n s to persons o u tsid e th e
eco n om ic fa m ily . ______ ___________ . . . _______
O th e r ite m s __ ____. . . ----------- . . . . . . . . . _
P ercen ta ge of to ta l an n u al current exp en d itu re for—
_ __
A llite m s -------- --------------------F o o d ------------------ ---------------------------- ----------C lo th in g ______________________ _____ . -----------H o u sin g . __ --------------------------------- --------- ------F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration— -----------------------O ther h o u seh old o p er a tio n . __ . . . ______ __
F u rn ish in g s an d eq u ip m en t __
________ . . .
A u to m o b ile an d m o to rcy cle— purchase, opera­
tio n , an d m a in te n a n c e . _ _ _ _ _ _ _
__ _ _
O th er tra n sp o rta tio n _______ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ __
P erso n al care____________
_____ ______
M e d ic a l care.
_ _ .. -------------- ---------------R e c r e a tio n _______________ _______ ___ __ ______
E d u c a tio n ________ __ ____________ __ . . . _ __
V o c a tio n ___ __
___ . . . __ ------------ ------C o m m u n ity w elfa re_______ _____________________
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to persons o u tsid e th e
eco n om ic fa m ily _______ . _ _ _ __ __ ________
O th e r ite m s_________________________ __ . . . _
1 L ess th a n $0.50.
2 L ess th an 0.05 p ercen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 378.




E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per
ex p en d itu re u n it per year

101
3.63
3.26
3.00
2.80

18
6. 33
5.50
5.08
4. 52

27
3.98
3. 50
3. 21
2. 85

24
2. 96
2. 78
2. 55
2.61

32
2.31
2.14
2.00
1.95

$941
342
94
134
106
29
46
25
32
21
33
44
3
1
20
11

$867
367
92
128
95
25
19

$963
315
101
151
109
33
52

$1,033
353
97
136
108
32
62

8
22
16
44
32
6
0
12
1
0

$860
335
85
122
107
26
39
18
30
19
23
32
3
0
15
6
0

0)

16
38
25
32
50
4
2
24
11

48
34
23
35
57
1
2
24
20
* 1

100.0
36.3
10.0
14.2
11.3
3.1
4 .9

100.0
42.3
10.6
14.8
11.0
2.9
2 .2
.9
2. 5
1.8
5.1
3.7
.7
.0
1.4
.1
0

100.0
39.0
10.0
14.2
12.4
3 .0
4 .5
2.1
3. 5
2. 2
2.7
3.7
.3
.0
1.7
.7
0

100.0
32.8
10.5
15.7
11.3
3 .4
5.4
1.7
3. 9
2. 6
3.3
5.2
.4
.2
2 .5
1.1
(2)

100.0
34 .2
9 .4
13.2
10.5
3.1
6 .0
4. 6
3. 3
2. 2
3 .4
5 .5
.1
.2
2 .3
1. 9
.1

0)

(2)

2. 7
3. 4
2. 2
3 .5
4 .7
.3
.1
2.1
1.2

140

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T

able

3 .—

Expenditures for groups of items, by economic level— Continued

L A N S I N G , M I C H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S

Item

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

A ll
fa m ilies

U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700 an d
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700
over

G ro u p s o f Ite m s

145
F a m ilie s in s u r v e y ................................................. .........
A verage fa m ily size:
3.37
P erso n s________________ _____ _____________ ____
3.10
E x p en d itu r e u n its---------------------------------------2.90
F o o d e x p e n d itu r e u n its------------- __ . .
C lo th in g e x p e n d itu r e u n it s . ____________ _
2.63
A verage a n n u a l cu rren t ex p en d itu re for:
$1,364
A ll ite m s ------------------------------------------------401
F o o d __________________________________
C lo th in g . _
-----------------------------------------163
205
H o u sin g ----------- ----------------------------- ----------124
F u e l, lig h t, an d refrigeration -----------------O th er h o u seh o ld o p er a tio n .— ---------------61
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t.. -------------69
A u to m o b ile an d m o torcycle— p u rch ase,
op eration , an d m a i n t e n a n c e ..._______
126
O th er tra n sp o ra tio n ----------------------------------10
30
P erso n a l c a re. ----------------------------------------55
M e d ic a l care -------------- ------------ ----------R ecrea tio n ------------------ -------------- -----63
E d u c a tio n ---------------------------------------------------7
2
V o c a tio n .. __________ ____ . . -------------13
C o m m u n ity w elfa re_______________________
G P ts a n d c o n tr ib u tio n s to p erson s o u tsid e
th e eco n o m ic fa m ily ._ _______ . . . _____
27
8
O th er ite m s ____ __ _______ . . . . . _ . . . .
P ercen ta ge o f to ta l a n n u a l cu rren t e x p e n d i­
tu re for—
100.0
A ll i t e m s . . --------- --------- -------------- ------------29.3
F ood ----------------------- ---------------------------C lo th in g - .
---------------- ------------ .
12.0
15.0
H o u sin g -------------------- -----------------------------F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration -------------------9.1
O ther h o u seh o ld op eration
. _________
4. 5
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t.. . . ------5.1
A u to m o b ile an d m oto rcy cle— p u rch ase,
op eration , an d m a in te n a n c e _____ . . . _
9 .3
O ther tra n sp o rta tio n -------. . ------.7
2 .2
P erso n al care ------------ _ . . _. ----------4 .0
M ed ica l care -------------------------------------------R e c r e a tio n .----------- ------- ----------- --- _ _
4 .6
E d u c a tio n .. ._ ___________ . . . . . . --------.5
.1
V o c a tio n ------ ------------- ------- ----------- — .
C o m m u n ity w elfa re. ________ . . . _____
1.0
G ifts an d c o n tr ib u tio n s to p erson s o u t­
2 .0
sid e th e eco n o m ic fa m ily _ _________
.6
O th er it e m s .._ ____________________________
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 378.




E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per ex p en d i­
tu re u n it per year

28
4.8 6
4. 35
4.08
3.50

30
3.8 4
3. 52
3. 26
2. 95

$1,077 $1,182
377
408
134
128
157
195
113
121
41
55
37
56
60
51
9
8
22
28
42
50
44
45
12
8
1
2
14
9
12
16
2
2

28
3. 27
3.01
2.80
2. 58

17
2. 68
2. 48
2. 34
2.02

22
2.1 7
2.1 0
1.97
2.0 6

$1,319 $1,335 $1,600
408
376
425
149
168
214
202
226
198
116
131
147
66
54
82
83
66
89
86
119
208
6
12
9
30
28
38
62
57
38
64
61
80
3
5
7
1
2
3
14
21
6
18
19
40
11
5
1

$1,867
422
222
267
132
74
93
305
16
37
80
99
7
1
14
69
29

100.0
35.1
12.4
14.6
10.5
3 .8
3 .4
5 .6
.8
2 .0
3 .9
4.1
1.1
.1
1 .3

100.0
34.4
10.8
16.5
10.2
4 .7
4 .7
4 .3
.7
2 .4
4 .2
3 .8
.7
.2
.8

100.0
30.9
11.2
15.3
8 .8
5.0
6 .3
6 .5
.5
2 .3
4 .7
4 .9
.2

1.1

1.4

1.4

,2

.2

20
2. 61
2.43
2. 30
2.12

.1

1.1

.8

100.0
28.1
12.6
16.9
9 .9
4 .0
4 .9
8 .9
.9
2 .1
4 .3
4 .6
.4
.2

.4
1.4
.4

100.0
26. 5
13.3
12.4
9 .2
5.1
5 .6
13.0
.6
2 .4
2 .4
5 .0
.4
.2

1.3

2 .5
.1

100.0
22. 5
11.8
14.3
7 .0
4 .0
5 .0
16.3
.9
2 .0
4 .3
5 .3

.4

.1

.8
3 .7
1 .6

141

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

3 .—

Expenditures for groups of items, by economic level— Continued

M I L W A U K E E , W IS .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S

Ite m

A ll
fam i­
lies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per exp en d itu re u n it per year
U n­
der
$300

$300
to
$400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$600
to
$700

$700
to
$800

$800 $900 $1,000 $1,100
to
to
to
and
$900 $1,000 $1,100 over

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r G r o u p s o f Ite m s

56
42
66
25
446
79 116
33
11
F a m ilie s in su r v e y __ ----------7
11
A verage fa m ily size:
3. 54 5. 72 4. 71 3. 52 3.23 2.58 2. 57 2.1 2 2.10 2.47 2.0 0
P e r so n s.. ________ _____
E x p en d itu r e u n its _______ _ _ 3. 24 5.06 4. 22 3. 23 3.00 2. 42 2.40 2. 01 1.99 2.39 1.98
F o o d ex p en d itu re u n i t s . ____ 3.01 4. 72 3. 92 2. 98 2. 79 2.24 2.24 1.94 1.88 2. 22 1.86
C lo th in g e x p en d itu re u n its ___ 2. 78 4.10 3. 50 2. 78 2. 63 2.17 2.09 1.81 1.88 2. 34 2.09
A verage a n n u a l cu rren t ex p e n d i­
tu re for:
A ll ite m s ----------------------------------- $1, 564 $1, 214 $1,465 $1, 429 $1, 620 $1, 562 $1, 805 $1, 683 $1,917 $2,490 $2, 565
510
529 560 494 526 468 473 493 493 518 540
F o o d _________________________
167
113 170 155 186 142 188 169 213 258 318
C lo t h in g ------------- _
275
185 253 256 295 319 312 282 333 352 392
H o u sin g --------------- ------------124
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration.
117 121 128 129 123 123 131 131
87 106
O th er h o u seh o ld o p era tio n . _
40
53
47
76
67
76
48
27
40
49
82
72
41
42
56
65
87 121 106
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t.
30 234 177
A u to m o b ile an d m o to r c y c le p u rch ase, op eration , and
93 205 123 225 529 527
101
56
88
25
46
m a in te n a n c e ----------------------36
O ther tr a n sp o r ta tio n ------- --32
39
45
39
49
39
36
27
36
42
21
27
29
28
29
31
28
27
25
36
P erso n al care____ ____ . . .
49
72 176 119 102
64
34
55
63
82
58
68
M e d ic a l care. _ ____. . . .
52
69
81
83
86
76
70
81
R ecreation _________________
77 118 139
1
1
9
9
7
E d u c a tio n ____. . . . . . . . . .
8
8
0
1
7
0
8
7
8
8
8
V o c a tio n . _________________
8
9
8
3
10
5
21
21
11
19
20
15
17
C o m m u n ity w e lfa r e . _ _ _.
18
29
26
18
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to
p erson s o u tsid e th e eco­
15
20
24
44
20
9
10
25
47
45
n o m ic fa m ily . . _______
64
4
1
1
21
1
32
7
72
7
7
O ther item s _
_________
4
P ercen ta ge of to ta l an n u a l cur­
ren t ex p en d itu re for:
A ll ite m s -------------------------- 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
F o o d ___. . . _____ __ _______ 32.6 43.6 3 8 .2 34.6 32.5 30 .0 26 .2 29.3 25.7 20.8 21.1
C lo t h in g ___________________
10.7
9 .3 11.6 10.9 11.5 9.1 10.4 10.0 11.1 10.4 12.4
H o u sin g ____ _______________ 17.5 15.3 17.3 17.9 18.2 20.4 17.2 16.7 17.3 14.2 15.3
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration . 7 .9
7.9 6.8
7.8 6 .8 3 .5 4 .1
9 .6 8 .3 9 .0 8 .0
O ther h o u seh o ld op era tio n . _ 3.1
2. 2 2.7
2.8
2.9 3 .4 4 .2 4 .0 4 .0 2.0
3 .2
3 .4 2 .9 3 .9 4 .0 5 .6 6 .7 6 .3 1 .6 9 .4
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t. 4 .6
6 .9
A u to m o b ile a n d m o to r­
c y c le -p u r c h a s e , o p era ­
2 .1 3 .1 3 .9 5 .4 6 .0 11.4 7 .3 11 .7 21.3 2 0 .5
tio n , an d m a in te n a n c e ____ 6 .5
1 .4 1 .4
O th e r tr a n s p o r ta tio n _______
2. 5
2 .6 2 .5 2 .7 2 .8 2 .3 2 .2 2 .9
1 .6
1.9
1 .7 1 .8 1 .9 1 .8 1 .8 1 .6 1 .8 1.3 1 .4
P er so n a l c a re__________ ____ 1 .8
2 .8 4 .0 3 .8 4 .2 4 .1 4 .5 4 .3 9 .2 4 .8 4 .0
M e d ic a l care__________________ 4 .1
4 .3 4 .8 4 .8 5 .0 5 .3 4 .5 5.1 4 .0 4 .7 5 .4
R e c r e a tio n ...________________
4 .9
.4
.1
.6
.6
.1
0 0)
0
.4
.7
.5
E d u c a t i o n ._______ . . . . . .
.5
.5
.4
.5
.2
.4
V o c a tio n ____________ _______
.5
.5
.7
.5
.2
1 .0 1 .3 1 .0
1.3 1 .2 1 .2 1 .5 1.0
C o m m u n ity w e lfa r e . __ _ _ 1 .2
.9
.7
G ifts a n d c o n tr ib u tio n s to
p erson s o u tsid e th e e c o ­
1.1
1. 2 1.5 1 .4 2 .6 2 .6
1.8 2 .5
1.3
.7
.7
n o m ic fa m ily ______________
.4
.4
1 .2
.1
.2
.3
1.7 2 .9
.4
.1
.1
O th er ite m s__________________
1 L ess th a n 0.05 p ercen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 378.




142
T

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

4.— Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for fam ily use from sources other than fam ily
income in schedule year, by economic level

able

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L IE S

A ll
fa m ilies

Item

D isp o s itio n

of

M o n ey

S c h e d u le Y e a r N o t

R e c e iv e d

U sed fo r

D u r in g

E co n o m ic lev el —F am ilies sp en d in g per e x p e n d i­
ture u n it per year
U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700an d
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700
over

th e

C u rren t F a m ily

E x p e n d itu r e

352
72
31
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ______________________________
88
55
42
N u m b e r of fam ilies d isp o sin g of fu n d s in:
Increase in assets:
In crease in cash:
9
0
4
2
O n h a n d __________________________________
1
1
5
0
1
In ch eck in g a c c o u n t_____________________
0
0
3
42
3
8
10
In sa v in g s a cco u n t_______________________
9
3
In v e stm e n t in:
12
2
4
1
Im p r o v e m en ts in o w n h o m e ____________
0
0
O ther real e sta te (in clu d in g real esta te
2
0
1
1
m o rtg a g es)_____________________________
0
0
4
1
0
0
B u ild in g an d loa n sh a res_______________
0
1
5
0
2
0
S to ck s an d b o n d s________________________
0
0
4
0
3
1
O ther p ro p erty ___________________________
0
0
P a y m e n t of p rem iu m s for in su ra n ce
policies:
31
326
66
81
51
L ife in su ra n ce-----------------------------------------41
5
0
0
1
2
A n n u itie s_________________________________
1
2
0
0
0
Increase in o u tsta n d in g loan s to oth ers _ _
1
0
D ecrease in liab ilities:
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of m ortgages an d
45
3
13
8
6
d o w n p a y m e n t on o w n h o m e __________
7
8
1
5
P a y m e n t o n p rin cip al of oth er m ortg a g es.
0
1
1
P a y m e n t of d e b ts to:
1
0
0
1
0
B a n k s_____________________________________
0
0
0
0
0
In su ra n ce c o m p a n ies____________________
0
0
4
0
3
0
S m all-loa n co m p a n ies___________________
0
0
F irm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t plan:
8
0
1
2
A u to m o b ile s___________________________
1
0
32
4
7
7
7
O ther g o o d s____________________________
3
3
2
0
0
In d iv id u a ls_______________________________
0
0
14
0
1
4
4
O th er_____________ ________________________
2
A verage a m o u n t o f fu n d s d isp o sed in:
In crease in assets an d /or decrease in lia b ili­
tie s, ________ _________________________________ $189.10 $131. 07 $280. 61 $127. 54 $175. 34 $157. 08
In crease in a sse ts_____________________________ 137. 29 105.18 181. 95 101.12 134. 56 104. 66
Increase in cash:
3.12
0
5. 98
2. 44
O n h a n d __________________________________
3. 64
2. 98
2.47
0
2. 08
In c h eck in g a c c o u n t_____________________
0
0
13. 33
In sa v in g s a cco u n t_______________________ 14.01
.4 8
13. 71
7.92 26.24
3. 60
In v e stm e n t in —
6. 62
Im p r o v e m en ts in o w n h o m e ____________ 7. 09
7. 99
.5 7
0
0
O th er real e sta te (in clu d in g real esta te
0
62. 50
m o rtg a g es)_______ ^____________________ 12.86
.2 8
0
0
2.19
B u ild in g an d lo a n sh a re s_______________
12.90
0
0
0
3. 71
4.03
0
1. 70
S tock s an d b o n d s________________________
0
0
0
O ther p ro p erty ___________________________
.70
0
2. 92
.41
0
0
P a y m e n t of p rem iu m s for in su ran ce
policies:
L ife in su r a n ce----------------------------------------- 89.45
85.18 85. 07 88. 82 103. 41 79. 33
A n n u itie s _____ _____ _____________________
1.07
0
0
.68
1.20
1. 71
In crease in o u tsta n d in g loa n s to o th e r s, __
.30
0
0
0
.0 7
0
D ecrea se in lia b ilitie s________________________ 51.81
25.89 98. 66 26. 42 40.78 52. 42
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of m ortgages an d
d o w n p a y m e n t on o w n h o m e ___________ 31. 73
17.44 74. 73 13.26
13.68 36.80
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of oth er m ortg a g es.
2.16
3. 87
5. 57
0
2. 91
1.86
P a y m e n t of d eb ts to:
B a n k s_____________________________________
0
0
.50
1.99
0
0
0
0
In su ra n ce c o m p a n ies____________________
0
0
0
0
S m all-loa n co m p a n ies___________________
1.78
0
4. 53
0
0
0
F irm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t plan:
A u to m o b ile s___________________________
3.16
0
1. 22
2. 73
1.36
0
O ther g o o d s____________________________
7.94
4.58
7.11
4. 94 15.09
9. 36
In d iv id u a ls_______________________________
.4 9
0
1. 72
0
0
0
O th er_____________________________________
4.0 5
0
3. 78
3. 50
7.74
4.4 0
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 379.




64
1
1
9
5
0
2
3
0
56
1
1
8
0
0
0
1
4
4
1
3
$231. 70
176.07
2.00
2.50
25. 61
26. 02
0
3. 38
20.24
0
91.95
2.81
1. 56
55.63
27. 85
0
0
0
4. 69
11.08
7.57
.7 8
3.6 6

143

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

4.— Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued

able

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C on tin u ed
A ll
fa m ilies

Ite m

F u n d s

M a d e

A v a ila b le fo r

S ou rces

O th e r

S c h ed u le

T han

F a m ily

F a m ily

U se

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per e x p en d i­
tu re u n it per year
U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700 an d
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700
over

F rom

Y ear

In co m e

in

352
F a m ilie s in su r v e y -------------------------------------------F a m ilie s receiv in g fu n d s from —
D ecrease in assets:
R e d u ctio n in cash:
6
O n h a n d _______ ___ ________________
In ch eck in g a c c o u n t. _ _____ ____
5
75
In sa v in g s a c c o u n t_______ _____________
Sale of p rop erty:
R ea l e sta te (in clu d in g real esta te m ort1
g a g e s)--------------------------------------------------1
B u ild in g an d loa n shares _ _________
6
S tock s an d b o n d s____ __ . _______
4
G ood s an d c h a tte ls .. ______ _____
0
O ther p r o p e r ty _________ _ _ _ _ _ _
In su ra n ce p olicies:
24
S u rren d er________________________ _____
5
S e ttle m e n t_____ __
R e ce ip ts from o u tsta n d in g loan s to
5
o th e r s______ _ ________ __ _ ___
Increase in liab ilities:
1
Increase in m ortgages on o w n h o m e ___
3
In crease in oth er m ortgag es___ _ _ _
In crease in d ebts:
2
P a y a b le to b a n k s_______
2
P a y a b le to in su ra n ce c o m p a n ies_______
19
P a y a b le to sm a ll-lo an com p a n ies _ _
P a y a b le to firm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t
plan:
16
A u to m o b ile s____________________
94
O ther g o o d s______________ _ _ ____
12
P a y a b le to in d iv id u a ls____ ___________ _
79
O ther d e b ts__________________________
4
In h e r ita n c e ________________ __ ________
A verage am o u n t of fu n d s received from —
D ecrease in assets an d /or increase in lia b ili­
ties ___________ _____ __ __ ___
$175. 09
102. 30
D ecrease in a sse ts______ __ _______
R e d u ctio n in cash:
3.81
O n h a n d . _ _ _______________
9. 26
In ch eck in g a c c o u n t. ___ ________ ___
64. 06
In sa vin g s a c c o u n t_____ ______ _ _ _
Sale of property:
R eal esta te, (in clu d in g real e sta te m ort­
1.42
gages) _________________ ______________
.99
B u ild in g an d loa n sh a res_____ __ __ _
6.31
S tock s an d b o n d s__________________ _
.44
G ood s an d c h a tte ls__________________ __
0
O ther p r o p erty ____________________ __
In su ra n ce p olicies:
Su rren d er____________________________ __ 12. 57
2. 25
S e ttle m e n t____________________ ___
R e ce ip ts from o u tsta n d in g loa n s to
o th ers______ ______ __ ___ _ __ ___ _ _ 1.19
72. 79
In crease in lia b ilitie s___
___ _______
4.12
In crease in m ortgag es on o w n h o m e ______
In crease in oth er m o rtgag es_____ __ __ _ 1.34
In crease in debts:
1.61
P a y a b le to b a n k s ______________________
.28
P a y a b le to in su ra n ce co m p a n ies _ _ __ _
6.13
P a y a b le to sm a ll-lo an c o m p a n ies______
P a y a b le to firm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t
plan:
11.92
A u to m o b ile s___ _ _ _ _ _ _
O ther g o o d s ,. __ _ __ _ ___ _
28. 06
P a y a b le to in d iv id u a ls ................___
5. 01
O ther d eb ts __ __________ __ _ _______ 14. 32
4. 76
In h erita n ce ______ ________ _______ ___
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 379.




31

72

88

55

42

64

0
1
4

1
0
10

1
1
18

1
0
16

2
0
12

1
3
15

0
0
1
0
0
5
0
1
0
1
0
2
4

0
0
0
0
0
5
0
1
0
0
2
0
4

0
1
1
0
0
6
2
1
0
0
0
0
3

0
0
2
0
0
3
0
1
0
2
0
0
3

1
0
0
1
0
2
2
1
0
0
0
0
3

0
0
2
3
0
3
1
0
1
0
0
0
2

0
10
1
9
1

0
16
2
15
1

3
22
2
22
0

0
15
0
9
1

5
10
2
9
0

8
21
5
15
1

$85. 05 $185. 74 $103. 00 $147. 88 $184. 73
32.74 141.73 52.25 96. 90 87.14
1.42
2.78
0
1.18 21. 67
1.17
0
7. 26
0
0
7. 58 111. 34 27. 91 83. 71 36.17

$323. 04
175.14
.66
45. 82
89. 35

0
0
4. 68
0
0
11.45
0
1.77
52.31
0
.64
0
3. 22
17. 39

0
0
0
0
0
27. 26
0
.35
44. 01
0
0
7.85
0
4.04

0
0
3. 98
0
.85
4. 57
0
* 0
0
0
12. 86
6. 71
3. 49
0
.57
.73
50. 75 50.98
0
0
8.24
0
0
0
0
0
4. 24
6.87

11.90
0
0
1.78
0
5.98
3. 69
5.95
97. 59
0
0
0
0
9. 25

0
0
27. 34
1.25
0
5. 56
5.16
0
147.90
22. 65
0
0
0
2.92

0
16. 00
3. 22
11.84
16.13

0
23.78
.69
7. 65
1.04

10. 66
22. 33
1.42
12.10
0

0
21.66
0
14. 21
1.82

34.11
34.82
6. 67
12.74
0

28. 53
47. 67
18. 91
27. 22
15.62

144
T

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

4 . — Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued
C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S

able

A ll fam i­
lies

Item

D is p o s itio n o f M o n e y R e c e iv e d D u r in g th e S c h e d u le Y e a r N o t
fo r

C u rren t F a m ily

U n d er
$300

$300 to
$400

$400 an d
over

U sed

E x p e n d itu r e

F a m ilie s in su r v e y -______- _________- -- __________________ N u m b e r of fam ilies d isp o sin g of fu n d s in —
In crease in assets:
In crease in cash:
In c h eck in g a c c o u n t__
_ _ _________ _ _ _ _ ________
In sa v in g s a c c o u n t___ __ ____ __ _____
__ ______
In v e s tm e n t in —
O th er real e sta te (in clu d in g real esta te m ortgages) _ _____
P a y m e n t of p rem iu m s for in su ra n ce policies:
L ife in su r a n ce____________ - __________________ - _________
A n n u ities
- - ____- - ____ ______ ______ _____________ In crease in o u tsta n d in g loa n s to oth ers___ ____ ______ __ __
D ecrease in liab ilities:
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of m ortgages an d d o w n p a y m e n t on
o w n h o m e ____________ - _____ - _____ ___________
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of oth er m o r t g a g e s ._____
______
P a y m e n t of d e b ts to —
B a n k s ______ _____ _______ _____ ____ _________ ____
In su ra n ce c o m p a n ies_______________ _______ ____ ____ __ _
S m all-loa n co m p a n ies
. _______ __
. . _____
F irm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t plan:
A u to m o b ile s
. . _ . ____________ . . _______ ____ O ther g o o d s ._ _____ ________ ______ . . . . . . . _.
In d iv id u a ls
_____ _____ _______
___ ______ __
O th er______________ _____ _______ __ _________ _____________
A verage am o u n t of fu n d s d isp o sed in —
In crease in assets an d/or decrease in lia b ilitie s ______ _____
Increase in a sse ts. _________ _ _________ _______ . . _____
In crease in cash:
On hand
_______ - - ________ - - - - ____ ______
In c h eck in g acco u n t __________ ________ __ _______ ____
In sa v in g s a c c o u n t __________________ . . . _______
In v e stm e n t in —
Im p r o v e m en ts in o w n h o m e
_____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
O th er real e sta te (in clu d in g real e sta te m ortgages)
B u ild in g an d loa n shares
_____ __ ________________ __
S to ck s an d b o n d s___________ _ _ _ ______________ ____ __
O ther p r o p e r ty ___________ ___________
_______ ______
P a y m e n t of p rem iu m s for in su ra n ce policies:
L ife in su ra n ce
__
_
________
A n n u ities ____ _ _ _ _
_ ______________ ____
In crease in o u tsta n d in g loa n s to o th ers. _ __ _ _______
_
_ _
D ecrease in lia b ilitie s _______
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of m ortgages an d d o w n p a y m e n t on
o w n h o m e _____ _ ________ __
_
______ __
P a y m e n t on p rin cip a l of oth er m o rtg a g es. ______________ _
P a y m e n t of d e b ts to—
B a n k s. ______ ___ __________ ____ __ _ _____ ______ ____
In su ra n ce c o m p a n ie s _________ ______________________ _____
S m all-loa n co m p a n ies_____
_ _ _ _ ______________
F irm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t plan:
A u to m o b iles __ _____ _____ _____ ___________ ______ __
O ther g o o d s_____ __ _ ______ ____ __ _ _ ______ _______ __
In d iv id u a ls
_ _____ _____ _____ _ _ _ _ _ _
O ther ______ _______ _________ _ _
__ ___________
N o te s on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 379.




E c o n o m ic l e v e l — F a m ilie s
sp en d in g per exp en d itu re
u n it per year

100

36

26

38

0
0
7
1
0
0
0
' 0
94
1
0

0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
33
1
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
26
0
0

0
0
7
0
0
o
0
0
35
0
0

4
0
0
0
0
0
11
3
2

2
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
0

2
0
0
0
0
0
5
3
1

$80.15
66.12
0
0
4. 85
. 70
0
0
0
0
60. 45
. 12
0
14.03
1. 90
0
0
0
0
0
8.96
2. 33
.8 4

$72. 43
64. 82
0
0
0
1.94
0
0
0
0
62. 53
.3 5
0
7. 61
3.08
0
0
0
0
0
3.06
0
1.47

$76. 60
64.87
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
64.87
0
0
11.73
0
0
0
0
0
0
11. 73
0
0

$89.89
68. 21
0
0
12. 76
0
0
0
0
0
55. 45
0
0
21.68
2.07
0
0
0
0
0
12.66
6.13
.8 2

145

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

4.— Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued

able

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed

A ll fam i­
lies

Ite m

F u n d s M a d e A v a ila b le fo r

F a m ily

F a m ily I n c o m e in

X J se F r o m
S c h e d u le

U n d er
$300

$300 to
$400

$400 an d
over

S o u r c e s O th e r T h a n
Year

F a m ilies in su r v e y _____ ___ _ _______ ________________ _______
N u m b e r of fam ilies receivin g fu n d s from —
D ecrease in assets:
R e d u ctio n in cash:
O n h a n d _______ ____________ ___ ________ _______________
In ch eck in g a c c o u n t___________________ __ ___________ _ _
In sa v in g s a c c o u n t___ _______ __________ _________________
Sale of property:
_______
R ea l e sta te (in clu d in g real e sta te m ortgages) _
B u ild in g an d loa n shares
_
________
S tock s an d b o n d s.
. ..
. ..
__________
G oods an d c h a tte ls. _______________ _
O ther p ro p erty __ . . . __ . . . ______ __ ________ _____ . .
In su ra n ce policies:
Su rren d er___________
. . . _____
_ . . . __
S e ttle m e n t______ _____. __ _________ _____________ _
R eceip ts from o u tsta n d in g loan s to others ____ ________
In crease in liab ilities:
Increase in m ortgages on ow n h om e
_____ _ __ _
In crease in oth er m ortgag es______________ __________ __ _ .
In crease in d ebts:
P a y a b le to b a n k s .______ ________ _ _____________ _ _
P a y a b le to in su ra n ce com p a n ies _ _
_ ____________
P a y a b le to sm a ll-lo an com p a n ies
____
P a y a b le to firm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t plan:
A u to m o b ile s________
_ ________ ___________ _
O ther g o o d s . . _____
______ ____ _ . . . ________ .
P a y a b le to in d iv id u a ls
_ _____________
O ther d e b ts___
________________
______ ___________
In h erita n ce . . . ___
_ . . . ___. . .
_____ ______ __ _ _ .
A verage am o u n t of fu n d s received from :
D ecrease in assets an d/or increase in lia b ilities _ _ _ _ _____
D ecrease in a s se ts. _______ _
_____ _ . . . ______
R ed u ctio n in cash:
O n h a n d _______ ______ _ _______ __ _________________ .
In ch eck in g accou n t . . _
_______
____ _______ _
In sa v in g s a cco u n t___ ___________ _ ________ ______ _____
Sale of property:
R ea l e sta te (in clu d in g real esta te m ortgages) _ _ . . .
B u ild in g an d loan shares
S tock s an d b o n d s___
_ ______ __
G ood s an d c h a tte ls. ______ __ _ _____ __ _ _____ __ __
O ther p rop erty
_ __________________ . . .
In su ra n ce policies:
S u rren d er_________ . . . _
________ ___________
_
S e ttle m e n t___ . _ _ _ _ _ ______ __
____
R eceip ts from o u tsta n d in g loan s to others __ ______
Increase in lia b ilities
_________ ___________ _______ __
Increase in m ortgages on o w n h o m e ______ ___ _ _
In crease in oth er m o rtgag es___ ____________ _ _______ __ _ .
In crease in debts:
P a y a b le to b a n k s ._______________ ______ _ . _ .
P a y a b le to in su ra n ce com p a n ies . . .
_
_ _
P a y a b le to sm a ll-lo an com p a n ies
P a y a b le to firm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t plan:
A u to m o b ile s___ _ _________
...
_
._ .
O ther goods
_____
_
P a y a b le to in d iv id u a ls ___ _
__
_________
O ther d e b ts____________ ._ _______ ______ ___ ___
In h erita n ce___ _____ _________________ ___ __ _ ___ _ ___ _
N o tes on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 379.




E c o n o m ic l e v e l — F a m ilie s
sp en d in g per exp en d itu re
u n it per year

100

36

26

38

0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
0
1
- 0
0
0
7
1
37
5
18
0

0
0
1

0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
1
0
0
0
3
0
14
2
10
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
10
1
3
0

0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
13
2
5
0

$51. 64
8. 23
0
0
5. 42
0
0
0
0
0
1.06
1. 75
0
43. 41
. 19
0
0
0
5.17
1. 31
28.15
2.00
6.59
0

$51. 49
3. 27
0
0
.33
0
0
0
0
0
2. 94
0
0
48. 22
.53
0
0
0
5.19
0
30. 75
3. 56
8.19
0

$57. 27
14.42
0
0
7. 69
0
0
0
0
0
0
6. 73
0
42. 85
0
0
0
0
8.08
0
26. 73
.77
7. 27
0

$47.90
8.68
0
0
8.68
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
39.22
0
0
0
0
3.16
3.44
26.65
1.37
4.60
0

146
T

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

4 . — Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued
C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S
E co n o m ic le v e l— F am ilies sp e n d in g per ex p en d itu re
u n it per year
A ll
fam i­ U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700 to $800
Ite m
lies
an d
$300
$400
$500
$700
$800
$600
over

able

D is p o s itio n o f M o n e y R ec e iv e d D u r in g
th e S c h e d u le Y e a r N o t

U sed fo r C u r ­

r en t F a m ily E x p e n d itu r e

490
F a m ilie s in s u r v e y _____ ______ __
35
82
83
106
66
44
74
N u m b e r of fam ilies d isp o sin g of fu n d s
in —
In crease in assets:
In crease in cash:
9
2
2
0
0
3
O n hand__ ______________ _
2
0
6
1
1
1
In ch eck in g a c c o u n t____
0
0
1
2
49
1
5
12
In sa v in g s a c c o u n t.. _________
8
8
6
9
In v e s tm e n t in —
8
1
Im p r o v e m en ts in o w n h o m e ...
4
0
1
1
0
1
O th er real e sta te (in clu d in g
4
0
1
2
0
0
real e sta te m o rtgag es)________
1
0
0
B u ild in g an d loa n sh a re s._
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
S to ck s an d b o n d s __ . . . _ _
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
12
3
2
2
O ther p r o p e r ty .__ _ . . .
0
0
2
3
P a y m e n t of p rem iu m s for in su r­
an ce policies:
461
35
102
77
75
62
L ife in su ra n ce____ _ _ _ . . .
42
68
18
2
3
1
4
3
A n n u i t i e s .._______
3
2
In crease in o u tsta n d in g loan s to
18
1
1
1
5
3
oth ers___ _ ___ _ _______ __
3
4
D ecrease in lia b ilities:
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of m o r t­
gages an d d o w n p a y m e n t on
58
6
14
6
11
8
o w n h o m e . ________ ___ _ _
8
5
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of other
19
4
2
4
5
2
2
m o rtgag es_____ __
_
0
P a y m e n t of d e b ts to—
3
3
0
0
0
0
B a n k s__________ _ __________
0
0
3
2
0
1
0
0
In su ra n ce com p a n ies ___ ___
0
0
21
4
4
1
3
S m all-loa n co m p a n ies. _ _ __
6
2
1
F irm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t
p lan:
15
2
4
4
0
2
0
A u to m o b ile s ____________
3
46
3
10
8
7
9
3
O th er goods ______________
6
24
2
4
1
4
0
10
I n d iv id u a ls . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
3
46
4
9
13
4
4
O th er___ ___________ _
10
2
A verage a m o u n t of fu n d s d isp o sed in:
In crease in assets an d /or decrease
$179. 31 $116. 28 $157. 66 $193. 69 $200. 85 $192. 71 $184. 62 $173. 32
in lia b ilitie s _ _ _ _ _ _ _
In crease in a sse ts____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 122. 33
79.00 114. 75 120.07 129. 60 147. 66 130. 02 119.15
In crease in cash:
1. 34
. 54
6. 73
2. 50
0
O n h a n d _____
_ _______
0
. 57
0
In ch eck in g a c c o u n t___________
.4 9
1. 71
0
1. 72
.3 0
0
1.89
6.86
14. 02
In sa v in g s accou n t
______
13.48 12. 66
7.79 33.37 12.14 13.93
.1 7
In v e s tm e n t in —
2.44
Im p r o v e m en ts in o w n h o m e . _ _ 1.14
2. 67
.3 1
.7 6
0
0
.01
O th er real e sta te (in clu d in g real
2. 01
e sta te m o rtg a g es)_______
0
0
8.4 9
.6 5
0
.6 8
0
B u ild in g an d loa n sh a res______
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
S to ck s an d b o n d s. _ _ __
.6 6
1.09
0
0
2.3 8
1.59
0
0
O th er p r o p e r ty ______ ____
1. 20
.1 5
3.6 0
.5 0
.7 0
1.79
0
0
P a y m e n t of p rem iu m s for in su r­
an ce p olicies:
L ife in su ra n ce_______ __ _ _ _ 92. 40
76.04 95.21 88. 56 95.40 95.35 102. 51 90.48
2.09
1.92
2.12
2. 51
1.05
3.08
3.2 7
A n n u itie s_________________ __ __
1.41
In crease in o u tsta n d in g loa n s to
oth ers____ __ _ ___________ ___ 5. 76
1.21
.7 5 21.38
6.39
3.08
.2 8
5.3 0
D ecrease in lia b ilitie s. _ ____
56.98
37.28 42.91 73.62 71.25 45.05 54.60 54.17
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of m o rt­
gages an d d o w n p a y m e n t on
12. 57 13.13 30.29 13.58 19.32 30.19 18.40
o w n h o m e _____ _______ ___ 20.04
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of other
4.79
m ortg a g es___
_____ _______
8.4 2
4.4 6
7.84
5.8 2
3.5 2
3.3 0
0
P a y m e n t of d e b ts to —
.1 5
.9 2
0
0
0
0
0
0
B a n k s_________ __________
.8 6
0
0
4.88
.2 1
0
0
0
In su ra n ce c o m p a n ies. _ _ _ _
2. 32
.41
4.52
1.56
1. 51
1. 56
S m all-loa n co m p a n ies____ _ __ 2. 32
4.81
F irm s sellin g o n in sta llm e n t plan:
5. 81
4.85
4. 48
4.99
8.02
0
3.95
0
A u to m o b ile s .____ __ ___
4. 52
3.94 13.40
9.9 6
7.4 5 17.26
8.49
1.39
O ther g o od s__________ _____
.7 3
5.03
13. 60
4.17
1.48 10.15
5.74
0
In d iv id u a ls______________________
15. 61 19. 85
3.14
4.7 9
4.0 0
10.09
7.16
O t h e r ____________________________ 10.11




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

147

4 . — Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued
C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed

able

A ll
fam i­
lies

Item

F u n d s M a d e A v a ila b le fo r F a m ily
fr o m

S ou rces

In c o m e in

O th e r

S c h e d u le

Than

U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700 to
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700
$800

$800
an d
over

U se

F a m ily

Y ear

F a m ilies in su r v e y , ________________
490
F a m ilie s receiv in g fu n d s from :
D ecrease in assets:
R e d u ctio n in cash:
O n h a n d . . ___________ ______
28
In ch eck in g a c c o u n t____________
4
In sa v in g s a c c o u n t_________ __
101
S ale of prop erty:
R e a l esta te (in clu d in g real
1
e sta te m o r tg a g e s)______ __ _
1
B u ild in g an d loan sh a res______
1
S to ck s an d b o n d s _ __________
14
G o od s an d c h a tte ls_____________
11
O th er p r o p e r ty ______ ___
_ _
In su ra n ce policies:
39
S u r r en d er ... . _________ . . .
7
S e ttle m e n t_____________ ______
R e ce ip ts from o u tsta n d in g loan s
24
to oth ers_________________________
In crease in liab ilities:
10
In crease in m ort. on o w n h o m e ..
1
In crease in oth er m ortg a g es. . . .
In crease in debts:
3
P a y a b le to b a n k s_________
23
P a y a b le to in s. c o m p a n ies_____
P aya b le to sm all-loan com panies.
46
P a y a b le to firm s sellin g on in ­
sta llm e n t plan:
34
A u to m o b ile s_______ _______ __
116
O ther g o o d s ____ . . . . . . .
51
P a y a b le to in d iv id u a ls_________
162
O ther d e b ts____ ______ _____ __
8
I n h e r ita n c e .__ . . . _ __ __ ____
A v . am o u n t of fu n d s received from :
D ecrease in assets an d/or increase in
lia b ilitie s______________________ . . . $181. 02
79. 33
D ecrease in a s se ts._______ . . . . .
R e d u ctio n in cash:
7.23
O n h a n d . . __________ _____ . . .
2. 36
In ch eck in g a c c o u n t_________
39. 25
In sa vin g s a cco u n t_______ _
Sale of p rop erty:
R eal estate (in clu d in g real
.4 5
e sta te m o rtg a g es). . . . . . .
B u ild in g an d loan sh a res____ __ 2. 69
.61
S to ck s an d b o n d s. __ _ _ _
1. 61
G ood s an d c h a tte ls____ _________
2.32
O ther p r o p e r ty . . . _________
In su ra n ce policies:
S u r r en d er ... . . . . . _____ 11. 76
6.11
S e ttle m e n t___ __
R e ce ip ts from o u tsta n d in g loa n s
4. 94
to o th ers__________ ___________
In crease in lia b ilit ie s _______________ 101. 69
7.50
In crease in m o rt. on ow n h o m e .58
in crea se in oth er m ortg a g es_____
In crease in d eb ts:
. 88
P a y a b le to b a n k s. _ _ _ _ _
6.20
P a y a b le to in s. c o m p a n ies.. _
P a y a b le to sm all-loan co m ­
9.49
p a n ie s ______
______ .
P a y a b le to firm s sellin g on in ­
sta llm e n t plan:
A u to m o b ile s________ ._ ___ 16.40
O ther go od s___________ ._ - 20. 64
15. 47
P a y a b le to in d iv id u a ls _ .
O ther d e b ts___ __
_ _ 24. 53
8.94
In h erita n ce ___ __ _ _____________
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 379.




E co n o m ic lev el— F a m ilies sp en d in g per ex p en d itu re
u n it per year

35

82

106

83

66

44

74

2
0
3

3
0
8

5
0
24

7
0
19

3
2
16

4
1
9

4
1
22

0
0
0
2
0
3
0

1
1
0
1
1
9
1
7
3
1
0
8
7

0
0
0
4
3
4
0
4
2
0
0
2
9

0
0
0
2
1

0
1
0
1
0
1

0
0
0
0
1
10
2
2
4
0
1
7
13

7
2
5
0
0
0
4
7

0
0
0
5
2
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
2

0
0
1
0
3
5
1
5
0
0
1
2
7

0
7
4
14
0

2
20
12
35
0

6
25
15
30
1

4
20
10
24
1

2
15
2
22
3

4
13
3
16
1

16
16
5
21
2

$81. 73 $153. 62 $195. 70 $157. 66 $148. 09 $173.17 $292. 96
22.85 47. 72 91. 94 64. 15 64.50 74.78 151. 35
5.00
7.07
5.19
4.10
6. 93
17.05
8. 65
0
0
0
0
1.82 21. 69
1.12
10.43 12.64 46.71 44.95 25.98 18.23 84.91
0
0
0
.3 4
0
7.08
0
0
58.88
4.75
0
. 81
0
2.57

0
0
0
0
1. 52
19. 54
4. 51
2.44
105.90
9.02
0
1.88
6.17
16. 33

2.08
12.45
0
.71
.0 5
11.93
9. 43
3. 39
103. 76
8.98
2.70
0
11.85
6.41

0
0
0
2.01
2. 71
3.25
0
4.30
93. 51
21.89
0
0
3.48
10.35

0
0
0

.7 6
.11
9.38
15. 53
6.82
83. 59
0
0
0
9.33
15.98

0
0
0
11.02
1.07
.8 4
2.27
2.61
98. 39
0
0
0
0
4.8 9

0
0
4.0 5
0
9. 86
23.30
6.76
12.70
141. 61
0
0
3.38
5.00
5.58

0
11.06
6.43
33.26
0

3. 49
17.96
23. 62
27. 43
0

9.29
16.25
25. 52
22. 76
3.08

9.15
15.16
19.23
14.25
24.10

13.08
23. 32
3.11
18. 77
18.18

19.01
26. 88
8.68
38. 93
.1 6

58.18
34.44
7.18
27.85
11.43

148
T

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

4.— Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued
C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S

able

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re u n it per year
A ll
fam ilies

Ite m

D isp o sitio n
Y ear N o t

o f M o n e y
U sed fo r

R ec e iv e d

D u r in g

th e

U n d er
$300

$300
to
$400

$400
to
$600

$600
an d
over

S c h e d u le

C u rr en t F a m ily E x p e n d itu r e

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ______________________________________
266
N u m b e r o f fa m ilies d isp o sin g of fu n d s in —
In crease in assets:
In crease in cash:
O n h a n d ._____________ ____________________________
5
In ch e ck in g a c c o u n t______________________________
5
In sa v in g s a c c o u n t_________ . ______________ __
29
In v e s tm e n t in:
Im p r o v e m en ts in o w n h o m e . _______________
17
O th er real e sta te (in clu d in g real e sta te m ort2
g a g e s)----------------------------------------------------------------B u ild in g an d lo a n sh a res_____________
____
0
3
S to c k s an d b o n d s________________________________
O th er p r o p e r ty ____________ ____________________
1
P a y m e n t o f p rem iu m s for in su ra n ce policies:
231
L ife in su r a n ce ----------------------------------------------6
A n n u itie s_________________ _____ _____ ______ __ _
2
In crease in o u tsta n d in g lo a n s to o th ers__________
D ecrea se in lia b ilities:
P a y m e n t on p rin cip a l o f m ortgag es an d d o w n
49
p a y m e n t on o w n h o m e ________________________
P a y m e n t o n p rin cip a l of oth er m o r tg a g e s. __
3
P a y m e n t o f d e b ts to:
B a n k s________ ___________ . . . _______________
1
1
In su ra n ce c o m p a n ies________ ______________
12
S m a ll-lo a n c o m p a n ie s ._______ ________________
F irm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t plan:
9
A u t o m o b ile s ._______ __ . . . _____________
17
O th er go o d s__________________________________
4
In d iv id u a ls _____________________________________
17
O th er_____________ __________ ________________
A verage a m o u n t o f fu n d s d isp o sed in —
In crease in assets a n d /or d ecrease in lia b ilitie s_____ $177. 41
118. 32
In crease in a s s e t s . . _________________________________
In crease in cash:
1.77
O n h a n d ________ ________ ____________ ______
2. 90
In ch eck in g a cco u n t
. . . ______ . . . __ . . .
In sa v in g s a c c o u n t. _ . . . _________ __________
19.12
In v e s tm e n t in —
Im p r o v e m en ts in o w n h o m e . _ _______
6.00
O th er real e sta te (in clu d in g real e sta te m o rt­
ga g es)—
.90
0
B u ild in g an d loa n sh a res________________________
1.24
S to c k s an d b o n d s______ ________ . . . _ ________
4.49
O th er p r o p e r ty ___________________________________
P a y m e n t o f p rem iu m s for in su ra n ce p olicies:
80.63
L ife in su r a n ce -----------------------------------------------------1.10
A n n u itie s___________ _____ _____________________
In crease in o u tsta n d in g loa n s to oth ers. ________
. 17
59.09
D ecrease in lia b ilitie s..................................... ........... ..........
P a y m e n t o n p rin cip a l of m ortgag es an d d o w n
33. 35
p a y m e n t on o w n h o m e___________ ___________
2.07
P a y m e n t o n p rin cip a l o f oth er m o r tg a g e s. ______
P a y m e n t o f d e b ts to —
.16
B a n k s_____________________________________________
.0 3
In su ra n ce c o m p a n ies----------------------------------------3. 61
S m all-loa n c o m p a n ies_____________ ______ . . . . .
F irm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t p lan:
5.39
A u to m o b ile s____________________ . . _______
5.83
O ther g o od s_____________________________________
1.46
In d iv id u a ls_______________ . . . . . . _ . . . ______
O th er______________________________________________
7.1 9
N o te s o n th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 379.




48

55

95

68

0
0
6
3
0
0
0
0
47
1
0

1
0
1
1
2
0
1
0
47
0
0

3
2
9
8
0
0
1
0
83
1
1

1
3
13
5
0
0
1
1
54
4
1

10
1
0
1
3
0
4
1
4

9
1
0
0
4
3
4
1
6

20
0
1
0
5
5
5
0
4

10
1
0
0
0
1
4
2
3

$154. 51
110.81
0
0
36.40
4.11
0
0
0
0
69. 39
.91
0
43.70
19. 07
4.97
0
. 15
5. 27
0
8.0 6
2.49
3.6 9

$150. 51
95. 99
2. 71
0
11.31
.4 3
4. 34
0
.01
0
77.19
0
0
54. 52
28.10
1.13
0
0
6.81
7. 99
4. 25
.2 5
5. 99

$180. 08
117.08
3. 04
5.86
16.03
5.80
0
0
1. 51
0
84.04
.4 5
.3 5
63.00
42. 72
0
.4 5
0
3. 50
7. 91
5.29
0
3.1 3

$211. 67
143. 44
.4 9
3.1 7
17. 56
12.10
0
0
2. 74
17. 55
86. 59
3.04
.20
68. 23
34.58
3.69
0
0
0
3.5 8
6.28
3. 77
16. 33

149

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

4 . — Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued

able

C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re u n it per year
A ll
fam ilies

Item

F u n d s

M a d e

O th e r

A v a ila b le fo r

T han

F a m ily

F a m ily

I n c o m e in

U se

F rom

S c h ed u le

$300
to
$400

$400
to
$600

$600
an d
over

S ou rces

Year

F a m ilies in su r v e y ________ __ . . . _ ___ _______ ______
266
N u m b e r of fam ilies receiv in g fu n d s from —
D ecrease in assets:
R ed u ctio n in cash:
O n h a n d _____________ _________
_______
7
In ch eck in g accou n t ________ ________________
12
In sa v in g s a cco u n t______ __ ________________ __
34
Sale of p rop erty:
R eal e sta te (in clu d in g real e sta te m ortgages) _.
2
B u ild in g an d loan sh ares_______ _________
2
S tock s an d b o n d s . _____________ . . . __________
3
G oods an d c h a tte ls_____ ______________________
7
O ther p ro p erty ___________ ___________ . . .
2
In su ran ce policies:
Surrender___ _____________ _ __ _______ _ __
26
S e ttle m en t__________ ___________________ _ . __
4
R e ce ip ts from o u tsta n d in g loan s to oth ers_______
4
In crease in liab ilities:
In crease in m ortgages on o w n h o m e_______
_
9
Increase in other m o r t g a g e s .------------------------------0
Increase in debts:
P a y a b le to b a n k s ._________. . . ___________ . . .
1
P a y a b le to in su ran ce com p a n ies _______ _____
7
P a y a b le to sm a ll-lo an co m p a n ies--------------------22
P a y a b le to firm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t plan:
A u to m o b iles____________ _____________________
18
O ther good s____________________________________
57
P a y a b le to in d iv id u a ls ._________________________
9
O ther d e b ts__________________ ___________________
53
2
In h erita n ce. ________________________ _____________
A verage a m o u n t of fu n d s received from —
D ecrease in assets an d/or increase in lia b ilitie s____ $133.97
D ecrease in assets________________ — ------- ------------70. 27
R e d u ctio n in cash:
O n h a n d . . . ______ ______ ._ . . . . . . . . _
3.07
In ch eck in g a c c o u n t_____________________________
4.41
In sa vin g s acco u n t_______________ _____
____
26.05
Sale of property:
R ea l e sta te (in clu d in g real esta te m o rtgag es). .
3.81
B u ild in g an d loa n shares________ . . .
_____
3.91
2. 35
S tock s an d b o n d s__________ ___________________
G oods an d c h a tte ls______________ . . . ._ _ __
1.85
O ther p ro p erty __________________________________
1.87
In su ran ce policies:
14.89
Surrend er---------- . --------- ---------------------------6. 26
S e ttle m e n t______________ _______________________
R e ce ip ts from o u tsta n d in g loan s to oth ers_______
1. 80
63. 70
Increase in lia b ilitie s_________________________________
In crease in m ortgages on o w n h o m e --------------------7. 27
In crease in oth er m o rtgag es_______________________
0
In crease in d eb ts:
.16
P a y a b le to b a n k s----------------------------------------------4. 54
P a y a b le to in su ran ce com p a n ies ------------------8. 34
P a y a b le to sm a ll-lo an co m p a n ies___ __ _ . . .
P a y a b le to firm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t plan:
10.47
A u to m o b iles______________________________
15. 56
O ther good s____________________________________
4.40
P a y a b le to in d iv id u a ls_____________ ____________
12.96
O ther d e b ts_________________ _______ _________
3. 39
In h erita n ce___________ . . . ______________ ___________
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 379.




U n d er
$300

48

55

95

68

0
2
1
0
0
0
1
0
4
0
0
2
0
0
0
4
0
7
0
17
2

4
4
4
0
0
0
1
1
5
0
1
1
0
1
0
6
4
14
1
9
0

3
4
17
1
0
2
4
1
9
2
3
5
0
0
4
8
10
19
7
16
0

0
2
12
1
2
1
1
0
8
2
0
1
0
0
3
4
4
17
1
11
0

$52. 59
15.77
0
3.6 6
1.31
0
0
0
2.3 6
0
8.4 4
0
0
36.82
10.09
0
0
0

$74. 62
34. 55
8.4 6
3.1 6
5.1 0
0
0
0
.2 4
.6 9
14.61
0
2.29
40.07
3 .3 2
0
.7 6
0
10.14
3.25
14.88
.43
7.29

$163.34
75.77
3.69
3.69
37.11
.6 3
0
4.39
3.4 8
4.8 2
11.81
2.45
3.70
87.57
12.85
0
0
8 .0 2
8.6 0
14.29
18.12
10.85
14.84

$198. 41
129.90
0
6.93
45. 01
14.04
15.31
3. 05
.5 3
0
23.96
21.07
0
68. 51
.69

0

0

0

5 .2 9
0

5.85
15.59
18.79
0

0
0

6.58
8.69

18.36
19. 41
1. 71
13.07

150
T

BAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

4 . — Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued
D E T R O I T , M IC H .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S

able

A ll
fa m ilies

Ite m

D isp o s itio n

o f

M o n ey

S c h e d u le Y e a r N o t

R ec e iv e d

X J sed f o r

D u r in g

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per ex p en d i­
tu re u n it per year
U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700an d
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700
over

th e

C u rren t F a m ily

E x p e n d itu r e

122
598
75
101
F a m ilie s in su r v e y -------------------------------------------100
76
N u m b e r of fam ilies d isp o sin g of fu n d s in —
In crease in assets:
In crease in cash:
23
0
3
6
O n h a n d --------------- -----------------------3
5
In ch eck in g a c c o u n t_______________ __
10
0
1
3
0
1
78
9
3
15
In sa v in g s a cco u n t---------- -----------------18
13
In v e stm e n t in —
Im p ro v em en ts in o w n h o m e . _ ___ _ _
2
8
1
2
1
2
O ther real esta te (in clu d in g real esta te
2
11
0
5
m ortgages) __
------ ------- ------------3
0
0
B u ild in g an d loa n sh a res. __ _ ______
0
0
0
0
0
0
S tock s an d b o n d s ... _ _ ___ ___ ___
7
0
3
2
0
6
0
0
1
O ther p r o p erty ___________________________
2
0
P a y m e n t of p rem iu m s for in su ra n ce
policies:
61
517
89
109
L ife in su ra n ce____________ ______ ____
88
64
2
24
2
5
A n n u itie s_____________ __
_____ __
6
2
19
2
Increase in o u tsta n d in g loan s to others _ _
1
3
3
5
D ecrease in liab ilities:
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of m ortgages an d
69
9
14
14
d o w n p a y m e n t on o w n h o m e . _ _ __
7
17
P a y m e n t o n p rin cip al of oth er m o rtgag es.
10
1
1
2
1
2
P a y m e n t of d eb ts to—
1
0
1
0
B a n k s__________ _ __ __ __
__ _
0
0
0
1
7
In su ra n ce c o m p a n ies___________________
1
3
0
14
3
S m all-loa n c o m p a n ies____________ _
3
3
2
1
F irm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t plan:
2
20
4
4
A u to m o b ile s_____ ______
_
___
1
2
46
5
8
10
O ther g o o d s__________________________
8
3
28
3
8
5
In d iv id u a ls___________________ ______ __ .
3
0
72
13
19
13
O th er_________________ _ __ __ -----4
13
A verage am o u n t o f fu n d s d isp o sed in:
Increase in assets an d /or decrease in lia b ili­
tie s______________ ______ _ _ _ _ _ ----------- _ $161. 64 $113.67 $143. 31 $177.06 $170. 39 $190.11
112. 31
73.78 89.13 129.10 135.93 118.46
Increase in a s s e t s . _______ ____________
Increase in cash:
2.64
0
1.85
2.16
2. 78
On h a n d ___________ __
__ _ ___ __ _
5.40
In ch eck in g acco u n t_____ __
___ ___ 1.48
0
.32
0
2.88
.10
In sa v in g s a c c o u n t. _ _______ __ __ 22.20
3.46
15.80 30. 38 29.05 23.96
In v e stm e n t in —
Im p r o v e m en ts in o w n h o m e .__ ___ _ _ 1.62
.25
.80
3.45
.69
5.01
O ther real e sta te (in clu d in g real estate
6. 31
5.86
0
m o r tg a g e s). ______ __ __ -------------10.29 11.91
0
0
0
B u ild in g an d loan sh a res_________ _____
0
0
0
0
1.59
5.64
0
0
S tock s an d b o n d s __ ___________________
1.58
0
1.36
0
0
.88
3.45
0
O ther p r o p e r ty _____________
P a y m e n t of p rem iu m s for in su ran ce
policies:
L ife in su ra n ce________________________ _ 70. 21
63.11 67.35 70. 30 78. 26 79. 55
3.70
.49
2.14
2. 76
6.20
2.86
A n n u itie s___________ _________ __ ___
Increase in o u tsta n d in g loa n s to others _ _ 1.20
.61
.8 7
.36
2.01
1.58
D ecrease in lia b ilities __ _ _
____________ 49. 33
39. 89 54.18 47. 96 34. 46 71.65
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of m ortgages and
d o w n p a y m e n t on o w n h o m e _______ __
17.86
13.81 22.47 15.86
3.59 45.90
P a y m e n t on p rin cip al of oth er m ortgag es.
1. 62
.08
.19
.23
1.31
3.09
P a y m e n t of d e b ts to—
.12
B a n k s______________
___ _ _ _
.68
0
0
0
0
In su ra n ce c o m p a n ies____________ _____
.35
0
.07
1.14
.17
0
S m all-loa n co m p a n ies_________ _ _ _ _ _
2.27
2. 25
3.39
2.75
3.03
1.29
F irm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t plan:
A u to m o b ile s_____
________
5. 97
3.37
5.05
7.43
.92
7. 51
O ther g o o d s______
____ _ _ _ _ _
5.06
2. 59
4.80
5.36
4.54
2.96
In d iv id u a ls___________ __ ____________ _ 2.68
2.09
3.68
2.00
1.88
0
O th er_____ __________ _ _ _ _ ______ _ 13. 40
15. 55 13.96 14.20 18.05 10.90
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 379.




124
6
5
20
0
1
0
2
3
106
7
5
8
3
0
2
2
7
12
9
10
$165. 86
115.19
3.54
3.99
24.08
0
7.18
0
.83
2.94
64. 53
6. 34
1.76
50. 67
12.82
4.46
0
.53
.89
9.97
8.17
5.17
8. 66

151

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

4.-— Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued

able

D E T R O I T , M IC H .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C on tin u ed

A ll
fam ilies

Item

F u n d s

M a d e A v a ila b le fo r

F a m ily

U se

E co n o m ic lev el— F am ilies sp en d in g per ex p en d i­
ture u n it per year—
U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700 an d
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700
over

F rom

S o u r c e s O th e r T h a n F a m i l y I n c o m e in S c h e d ­
u le

Y ear

F a m ilies in su r v e y . _____
_________
_ _
598
N u m b e r o f fam ilies receivin g fu n d s from —
D ecrease in assets:
R e d u ctio n in cash:
O n h a n d _____ ________ _______
27
In ch eck in g a c c o u n t.
______ _
16
142
In sa v in g s a cco u n t------------- ----------Sale of property:
R eal e sta te (in clu d in g real esta te m ortg a g es)---------------------------------------------------1
B u ild in g an d loan sh a res. _
0
S tock s an d b o n d s _
... . . . _ _
5
34
G oods an d c h a tte ls.
_________ _
O ther p r o p e r ty ______ _________
0
In su ra n ce policies:
21
S u r r en d er .__ __ _ _. ___ . . . _ _
8
S e ttle m e n t_____
. _ . ______ _
R eceip ts from o u tsta n d in g loan s to
14
o th e r s. __ _______ ___ ____________
Increase in liab ilities:
20
In crease in m ortgages on ow n h o m e___
Increase in oth er m o r tg a g e s,. . . . __ _
2
In crease in debts:
P a y a b le to b a n k s_____ ______ . . . _
7
P a y a b le to in su ra n ce c o m p a n ies__
_
29
P a y a b le to sm a ll-lo an c o m p a n ies. __ _
35
P a y a b le to firm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t
plan:
51
A u to m o b iles . . . _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _
144
O ther g o o d s ... ___ __ _ ___ __ __
P a y a b le to in d iv id u a ls________
___ _
49
164
O ther d e b ts_________ __
______
6
In h e r ita n c e. ________________ ______ ___
A verage a m o u n t of fu n d s received from :
D ecrease in assets an d /or increase in lia b ili­
$160. 64
ties _
_____
62.18
D ecrease in a sse ts____ _ ___
_ __
R e d u ctio n in cash:
O n h a n d ______ __ _ _
_ __ 6. 82
In ch eck in g accou n t _ _
_____
2.18
In sa v in g s a cco u n t.
_ _ __ _ _ __ 37. 71
Sale of property:
R eal e sta te (in clu d in g real e sta te m o rt­
.45
gages) —
B u ild in g an d loan shares
0
S tock s an d b o n d s __ _
__ _
1.07
G ood s an d c h a tte ls. _ __ _ ________ __
4.10
0
O ther p r o p e r t y ____ _ _ __
In su ra n ce policies:
3. 78
Surrender___ _ _ _
_____
3. 94
S e ttle m e n t_____
_ _____
R e ce ip ts from o u tsta n d in g loan s to
o th e r s ._
______ ______ _ _ _ __ _ 2.13
98. 46
Increase in lia b ilitie s___________ _ _ _ _
12. 80
In crease in m ortgag es on o w n h o m e _
.43
In crease in other m o rtgag es. _ ___ _
Increase in debts:
P a y a b le to b a n k s ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ 2. 38
P a y a b le to in su ra n ce c o m p a n ies. __ _
5.47
P a y a b le to sm a ll-lo an co m p a n ies______
7.41
P a y a b le to firm s sellin g on in sta llm e n t
plan:
18. 58
A u to m o b ile s— __ _ _ _ _____
16. 54
O ther g o o d s______ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
P a y a b le to in d iv id u a ls_____
___
10.75
O ther d ebts___ _ _ _
24.10
In h erita n ce_______ ___
______
_
3.80
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 379.
5 3 4 8 5 ° — 4 0 -------- 1 1




75

101

122

100

76

124

3
1
13

5
1
14

3
1
34

6
5
28

3
3
22

7
5
31

0
0
0
5
0
8
0
1
2
0
0
4
4

0
0
0
9
0
7
3
3
5
1
1
4
14

0
0
3
3
0
1
2
1
5
0
3
8
8

1
0
2
6
0
2
2
3
2
0
2
4
3

0
0
0
2
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
5
4

0
0
0
9
0
2
1
5
5
1
1
4
2

0
17
9
32
1

4
23
11
39
1

7
36
11
41
1

10
22
4
18
1

9
14
5
17
0

21
32
9
17
2

$91. 37 $165. 63 $158. 20 $141. 26 $176. 32
19.98 62. 44 59.18 58. 32 72.16
1. 58
4. 85
5. 75 10. 74
6.01
.31
4. 39
. 12
.08
3. 58
9. 94 23. 87 42. 57 28. 64 52.64

$206. 91
87. 47
11.03
4.41
59.18

0
0
0
1.24
0
6. 22
0
.69
71.39
5.49
0
0
3. 60
6.89

0
0
0
6. 56
0
13. 21
10. 97
1.70
103.19
22. 05
1.82
. 28
3.79
13. 69

0
0
4. 98
1.27
0
.49
3. 29
1.65
99. 02
18. 50
0
5. 45
4.99
5.85

2.70
0
.36
3. 96
0
.76
8. 20
3. 56
82.94
8.76
0
5.14
2.02
3. 62

.83
104.16
8. 31
0
0
10. 59
10.31

0
0
0
7. 45
0
1.72
.23
3. 45
119. 44
10.10
.58
1.75
8.10
5. 40

0
7.10
14. 28
34. 03
1.53

8.37
12. 81
12. 27
28.11
.85

11.99
14.48
9.70
28.06
2.83

19. 63
22.17
6. 90
14.70
2. 30

21.31
14. 91
5.68
33. 05
0

42.11
23.75
14. 63
13.02
12.05

0
0
0
2.90
0
1.47
0

152
T

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

a b l e 4 . — D isp o s itio n o f m o n e y received during schedule yea r not used f o r current
expenditure and f u n d s m ade available f o r f a m i ly use fr o m sources other than f a m i l y
in com e in schedule y e a r , by econ om ic level— Continued

W H I T E F A M I L IE S
G rand R a p id s, M ich ._______ |_________ In d ia n a p o lis, In d .
E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m i­
E co n o m ic lev el— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g per ex­
lies sp en d in g per ex­
penditure u n it per year
penditure u n it per year
A ll
A ll
fam i­ U n d er $400
fam i­ U n d er $400
$600
$600
lies
lies
to
and
to
an d
$400
$400
$600
over
$600
over

Item

D isp o s itio n

of M o n e y

R ec e iv e d

in g th e S c h e d u le

Y ear N ot

C u rren t F a m ily

E x p e n d itu r e

D u r-

U se d fo r

203
75
194
86
74
34
70
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ___ ____________
58
F a m ilie s d isp o sin g of fu n d s in —
In crease in assets:
In crease in cash:
3
5
0
2
1
4
1
O n h a n d ________________________
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
In ch eck in g a c c o u n t ______ __
1
19
19
8
1
5
6
In sa v in g s a c c o u n t____
____
3
15
In v e stm e n t in—
12
3
5
4
1
Im p r o v e m en ts in o w n h o m e . _
5
2
2
O ther rea l e sta te (in clu d in g
4
1
2
1
0
1
rea l e sta te m o rtg a g es)______
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
B u ild in g a n d loan sh a res. _ __
0
0
1
0
0
2
0
1
1
S to c k s an d b o n d s. __ . _ . _____
1
0
0
1
1
4
2
0
O th er p r o p e r ty ____ ______
2
P a y m e n t o f p rem iu m s for in ­
su ran ce policies:
163
70
68
64
31
193
L ife in su r a n ce__________________
68
55
1
0
6
2
4
3
2
A n n u itie s _______ ___________ . . .
2
Increase in o u tsta n d in g loa n s
4
0
0
1
3
1
1
to o th e r s_______________ . . . ._
0
D ecrea se in lia b ilities:
P a y m e n t o n p rin cip a l of m ort­
gages a n d d o w n p a y m e n t on
39
14
15
15
9
42
o w n h o m e ... . ________
24
4
P a y m e n t on p rin cip a l of oth er
5
3
2
2
1
6
m ortg a g es_______________________
2
1
P a y m e n t of d e b ts to—
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
B a n k s_________________________ 1
2
0
0
1
0
In su ra n ce co m p a n ies . . . -----0
0
7
1
S m all-loa n c o m p a n ies_________
5
5
3
1
0
2
F irm s sellin g on in stall, plan:
5
0
2
3
3
12
A u to m o b ile s_______________ _
4
5
21
6
11
4
21
9
O ther g o o d s .. __________ __
4
8
4
10
1
1
2
3
3
In d iv id u a ls_____ __ ___ . . . . .
4
23
14
4
5
14
3
O th er_______ _ ____________
7
4
A v . a m o u n t of fu n d s d isp osed in —
In crease in assets a n d /or decrease
in lia b ilitie s--------------------------------- $133. 45 $112. 99 $125. 54 $202.44 $161. 42 $113.40 $163. 72 $220. 61
83.41 84.28 145.35 106. 94
77.93 87.20 168.20
Increase in a sse ts_____________ ____ 94.60
Increase in cash:
. 97
0
1.68
On h a n d . _ _
_______
1.87
.6 7
.62
1.07
0
0
In ch e ck in g a c c o u n t____ ____
0
0
0
0
.30
0
1. 03
21.04 10. 36 14.81
In sa v in g s a cco u n t _
18. 97
____ 15.87
1.87
2.33
61.16
In v e stm e n t in —
Im p r o v e m en ts in o w n h o m e . _ 3. 54
3.01
2.24
7.72
3.34
1.33
4. 61
4.41
O ther real e sta te (in clu d in g
real e sta te m ortgages) _ _ _ _ 7. 77
1.35
1. 57 37. 51
0
0
.4 9
1. 72
0
0
B u ild in g an d loan sh a res______
0
0
0
0
0
0
.3 0
0
0
S to ck s a n d b o n d s____ ______
.78
0
2.05
1.11
5.84
.0 9
0
.2 4
0
O ther p r o p e r ty _________________
3.35
1.58
0
9.6 7
P a y m e n t o f p rem iu m s for in su r­
an ce policies:
63.44
57.49 61.62 82.44 77.20
L ife in su ra n ce_________________
72.48 77.11 83.39
.51
.20
.6 5
1.00
0
A n n u itie s _______________________
.5 7
.8 3
.9 8
In crease in o u tsta n d in g loa n s
.3 2
0
5.14
0
to o th e r s___ ___________________ 2.11
.0 5
.1 4
0
29.58 41.26 57.09 54.48
D ecrease in lia b ilitie s_______________ 38.85
35.47 76. 52 52.41
P a y m e n t on p rin cip a l of m o r t­
gages an d d o w n p a y m e n t on
o w n h o m e____ ___________ ______ 19.42
12.10
21.45 33.51
25.09
15.35 49.67
8.02
P a y m e n t o n p rin cip al of oth er
4.74
m o rtgag es_______________________
1.94
8.1 5
4.40
1.45
1.77
1. 62
.81
P a y m e n t o f d eb ts to—
.3 0
0
.7 8
0
0
B a n k s____________________ _ ___
0
0
0
.1 6
0
.22
0
.2 7
In su ra n ce co m p a n ies______ __
0
0
0
1.02
2.50
2.05
1.05
1.54
0
S m all-loa n c o m p a n ie s ._. _ __ 1.48
2.1 6
F irm s sellin g on install, plan:
1. 33
0
.4 9
2.92
11.70
7.09 14.07 14.79
A u to m o b ile s______ ___________
5.23
3.00
5. 42
O ther go od s..................... __ __
9.62
7.70
6.90
5.81
11.01
.7 9
.2 7
1.14
1.36
3. 61
In d iv id u a ls___________________ _
1.47
3.17
6.90
5. 40
2.80
7. 04
O th er------------------------ ----------6.9 3
3. 39
.3 9
2.18
8.72
N o te s on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 379.




153

TABULAR SU M M A R Y

Table

4 . — Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued

W H IT E F A M IL IE S

Item

Grand Rapids,, Mich.—
-Con.
Economic level—Fami­
lies spending per ex­
penditure unit per
All
year
families
$600
Under $400
to
and
$400
$600
over

Indianapolis, Ind.—Con:
Economic level—Fami
lies spending per ex­
penditure unit per
All
year
fami­
lies
$600
Under $400
to
and
$400
$600 over

F u n d s M a d e A v a ila b le fo r F a m ily
U se
F ro m
So u rces
O th er
T h an
F a m ily In c o m e in S c h e d u le Y e a r

Families in survey.........................
194
74
86
34
203
Families receiving funds from—
Decrease in assets:
Reduction in cash:
On hand____ _________
7
3
2
2
3
In checking account_______
1
1
1
0
0
In savings account___ _____
39
16
1
4
9
20
Sale of property:
Real estate (including real es2
tate mortgages)_________
1
1
1
0
6
1
Building and loan shares. _. _
5
0
0
1
1
Stocks and bonds_________
2
0
0
14
4
4
0
Goods and chattels________
6
Other property___________
1
0
0
1
1
Insurance policies:
4
Surrender ... _________ .
8
4
0
16
4
2
Settlement______________
1
1
3
Receipt from out. loans to others.
10
3
4
1
3
Increase in liabilities:
1
1
Increase in mort. on own home..
0
3
0
3
1
1
1
Increase in other mortgages___
0
Increase in debts:
5
2
2
Payable to banks___ _ _ _ _
1
1
1
18
7
5
Pay. to ins. companies____
6
Payable to small-loan com­
8
3
2
16
panies_____________ ...
3
Payable to firms selling on in­
stallment plan:
14
4
2
32
8
Automobiles... . ______
43
17
19
7
80
Other goods_________ .
1
3
7
3
3
9
Payable to individuals. _____
64
34
20
10
41
Other debts.______... ___
2
2
0
0
2
Inheritance________ ___ ... _
Average amount of funds received
from—
Decrease in assets and/or increase
in liabilities______ . ___ $153.08 $101.10 $169. 58 $248. 50 $121.69
74.32
48.98 85.96 112.89 37. 5
1
Decrease in assets__________
Reduction in cash:
4.14
1.82
On hand. .
___ _______
6.15
5.63
1.30
1.20
0
0
1.04
In checking account____ ...
3.13
20.13 36.14 88.27 16.56
In savings account.. .. ... _ 38.18
_
Sale of property:
Real estate (including real es­
4.69
7.21
2.74
3.92
0
tate mortgages)_ ._ ... .
_
2.43 13. 47
0
0
Building and loan shares.
_ 6. 22
.30
.67
0
0
4.53
Stocks and bonds__ _____
4.07
2. 52
6.12
3.82
Goods and chattels________
0
.07
Other property______ ____
0
0
0
.26
Insurance policies:
7.86
Surrender______________
8. 73 10.45
0
7.09
4.19
3. 68
2. 41
3.74
9.38
Settlement_____________
1.79
4.17
5. 79
.25
Receipts (from out. loans,to others 3.40
78. 76
52.12 83. 62 135. 61 84.18
Increase in liabilities.___ _____
1.09
2.45
0
0
Increase in mort .on own home..
3.07
1.51
.43
1.88
3.41
0
Increase in other mortgages___
Increase in debts:
3.34
2.70
1.50
9.00
.80
Payable to banks_________
10. 21
5.12 15.24 12.14
1.13
Pay. to insur. companies___
Payable to small-loan com­
2.11
4.15
7.58
3.50
4.45
panies________________
Payable to firms selling on in­
stallment plan:
4.17
3.28 68.53 26.84
Automobiles__ ___ _____ 15.11
7.71 20.84
8.30 31.94
Other goods._____ ______ 12.82
2.24
6.23
5. 67
5.66
8.87
Payable to individuals____
24. 95
19.42 33.11 21. 21 10. 58
Other debts.......................
.74
1.66
0
0
1.55
Inheritance_______ _______

N otes on this table are in appendix A , p. 379.




75

70

58

1
0
7

2
0
9

0
1
4

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

1
0
2
0
1

6
1
0

6
0
1

0

1
0

0

2

0
0

0
0

1
0

0
1

9

5

2

9

14
23
1

9

32
3
19
2

25
5

13
0

4
2

9

0

$71.95 $128.09 $178. 33
20.38 37.23 60.05
.87
0
6.19
0
0
0
0
0
10.32
3.00
0
51.57
.34
0

2. 86
0
29.43
0
0
0
0
0

0
3. 66
14.45
9.59
0
15.85
0
.90

4.23
6.38
0
9.22
.71
0
90.86 118. 28
8. 55
0
0
0

0
0

2.31
0

0
3.96

8.19

8.74

5.40

13.48
19.00
1.12
9.44
4.20

19. 32
36.25
3.99
11. 70
0

53.18
43.46
1.59
10.69
0

154

EAST N O R T H

C E N TR A L

REGION

4 . — Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued.

T able

Item

Indianapolis, Ind.—Negro families Lansing, Mich.--White families
Economic level—Fami­
Economic level—Fami­
lies spending per ex­
lies spending per ex­
penditure unit per
penditure unit per
All
All
year
year
famifami­
lies
$400
lies
$600
Under $300
Under $400
to
and
to
and
$300
$400
$400
over
$600 over

Disposition of Money Received During
the Schedule Year Not Used for
Current Family Expenditure

Families in survey. _ _
Families disposing of funds in:
Increase in assets:
Increase in cash:
On hand.. _ _ ______
In checking account - . .
In savings account ________
Investment in:
Improvements in own home...
Other real estate (including
real estate mortgages)
Building and loan shares
Stocks and bonds__
Other property
Paymt. prem. for insur. policies:
Life insurance _
Annuities. _
_
Increase in outstanding loans to
others. . . .
Decrease in liabilities:
Payment on principal of mort­
gages and down payment on
own home.
... . .
Payment on principal of other
mortgages
_
_.
Payments of debts to:
Banks..
.
... -Insurance companies__ ._ .
Small-loan companies..
_.
Firms selling on install, plan:
Automobiles.
Other goods.
...
Individuals. _
Other__ _ . . .
------Av. amount of funds disposed in:
Increase in assets and/or decrease
in liabilities___ _ _____
_
Increase in assets__ ______ _
Increase in cash:
On hand. _ .._
_
In checking account
In savings account _
_
Investment in:
Improvements in own home...
Other real estate (including
real estate mortgages). ... _
Building and loan shares .
Stocks and bonds
__ . . .
Other property_____ .. _
_
Paymt. prem. for ins. policies:
Life insurance .
Annuities____
____ .
Increase in outstanding loans to
others.. .
Decrease in liabilities _ _
Payment on principal of mort­
gages and down payment on
own home
. __
Payment on principal of other
mortgages... _ _ _ _ _
Payment of debts to:
Banks _. . . . ___
Insurance companies
Small-loan com
panies .
Firms selling on install, plan:
Automobiles___ _
_ _
_
Other goods . __
Individuals _ ___
_
Other

101

25

24

32

145

58

48

39

1
0
2

0
0
0

1
0
0

0
0
2

0
1
14

0
0
6

0
0
4

0
1
4

3

1

1

1

1
2

2

7

3

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

2
0
0
2

1
0
0
1

0
0
0
1

1
0
0
0

96
2

42
0

23
0

31
2

106
7

49
1

32
5

25
1

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

1
3

7

4

2

26

10

1
0

6

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0
0
1

0
0
0
1
6
0
2

0
0
0

0
0
1

0
1
6

0
0
1

0
0
2

0
1
3

0
3
0
0

1
2
0
1

3
12
7
21

0
4
4
8

3
6
1
10

0
2
2
3

2
11
0
3

$95. 97 $107. 83 $86.88 $86.12 $135.39 $121.17 $162.14 $123. 61
73.22 66.92 63.16 69.82
68. 53
70.45 66. 72 72. 72
2. 23
9. 38
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.40
0
0
0
1.49
.23
0
0
.72 1 . 99
7
20. 05
8. 62 26.47
5. 43
9. 96
2.50
6. 39
1.25
.41 14.19
5.68
0
0
0
0
2.15
2. 86
0
3. 72
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.19
.10
0
.46
60. 02
63. 26 55.04 59. 22 39. 38
44.48 37. 77 33.80
.62
0
0
2. 75
1.97
1.13
5.68
1.56
0
0
0
0
.57
1.42
0
0
27. 44
34.61 1 96 22. 96 65. 57
9.
50. 72 95.42 50.89
12.01

12. 98

34.09

33.02

0

0

0

1.97

4. 91

0

0

0
0
.36

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
1.12

0
.40
5. 70

0
0
2.17

0
0
6.92

0
1.48
9. 45

2. 31
8.84
0
3. 92

2. 96
8. 66
0
8. 79

0
6. 98
0
0

3.12
10. 50
0
.02

5.93
6. 85
2.95
7. 68

0
4. 52
.63
5. 47

17. 93
11.72
.52
15. 68

0
4. 31
9. 37
1.11

Notes on this table are in appendix A, p. 379.




14.20

0

8.20

42. 65

25.17

155

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

4.— Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued

able

Item

Indianapolis, Ind.—Negro
families—Continued
Economic level—Fami­
lies spending per ex­
penditure unit per
All
year
fami­
$400
lies
Under $300
to
and
$300
over
$400

Lansing, Mich.—White
families—Continued
Economic level—Fami­
lies spending per ex­
penditure unit per
All
year
fami­
lies
$600
Under $400
to
and
$400
$600 over

Funds Made Available for Family Use
From Sources Other Than Family
Income in Schedule Year

Families in survey _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_
Families receiving funds from—
Decrease in assets:
Reduction in cash:
On hand-__ _ _ _ _ .__
_ _
In checking account _ _ _._
_
In savings account,. _ _ _
_
Sale of property:
Real estate (including real
estate mortgages)
_ _
_ _
Building and loan shares _ __
Stocks and bonds
Goods and chattels
Other property ___ _- _
Insurance policies:
Surrender___ ______ - Settlement ____
___
Receipts from outstanding loans
to others_
_
_ _
_
Increase in liabilities:
Increase in mort. on own hom
e__
Increase in other mortgages___
Increase in debts:
Pavable to banks__
Pay. to insur. companies__
Payable to small-loan com­
_
panies __ _ _
Payable to firms selling on
installment plan:
Automobiles
_____ _
Other goods__________
Payable to individuals. _ _ _
_
Other debts.. _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _
Inheritance _ _ _ __ _ _
_
_
AV. 8iITiO ll 01 IU Q rG G G l irom.
M
U .S C lv C
Decrease in assets and/or increase
in liabilities._ _____ _
_
Decrease in assets. _ _ _ _ .__
_ _
Reduction in cash:
On hand _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
In checking account _ _ _
In savings account. _ _ ...
_
Sale of property:
Real estate (including real
estate mortgages)
__ _
Building and loan shares
Stocks and bonds. _ _
_
Goods and chattels
Other property. _ _____ _
Insurance policies:
Surrender. _ ___
__ _
_ _
Settlement _ ________
Receipts from outstanding loans
to others _ _ _
.
Increase in liabilities___ _ ._
Increase in mort. on own homeincrease in other mortgages---Increase in debts:
Payable to banks___ __. _
_
Pay. to insur. companies .
Payable to small-loan com­
panies
Payable to firms selling on
installment plan:
Automobiles
Other goods__ _ ___
_
Payable to individuals.__ _
Other debts _ _ _
_ _
Inheritance_ _ _ _
_

101

45

24

32

145

5
8

48

39

2
0
0

0
0
0

1
0
0

1
0
0

5
1
1
5

2
0
4

1
1
4

2
0
7

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
3
0

1
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
1
0

1
0

0
0

0
0

1
0

7
2

4
2

0
0
0
1
0
2
0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

1
0

1
0

0
0

0
0

1
2

1
1

0
0

0
1

0
1

0
0

0
1

0
0

2
2

0
2

1
0

1
0

5

2

2

1

4

0

3

1

4
41
1
45
0

1
1
8
0
27
0

1
10
1
14
0

2
13
0
4
0

1
1
26
14
41
4

1
12
1
0
20
2

3
1
1
3
14
1

7
3
1
7
1

$50. 36
3. 72

5 63
.
0
27
. 4

1.21
6 92
.
25. 94

7.24
0
48. 01

0
0
0
0
0

1.63
0
0
. 76
0

4 09
.
0
0
.7
6
0

0
0
0
.23
0

0
0
0
1.42
0

1.09
0

3.15
.45

3 30
.
1.13

4. 61
0

1.14
0

0
42.17
0
0

.37
59. 83
.65
.54

0
40. 99
1.62
.95

1.11
60. 7
0
0
0

0
86. 78
0
.60

3. 5
1
.55

0
1.36

1.15
0

11.64
0

0

5 72
.

3 94
.

4.15
15.11
5 97
.
28. 60
2. 31

38. 5
1
20. 89
2.13
9. 07
1.70

0
0
0

3 75
.
0
0

7.81
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

.35
0

0
0

0
0

0
46. 64
6 26
.
0

0
55. 30
14. 05
0

0
36. 39
0
0

$58. 64 $100. 72 $144. 59
17. 65 40.02 57.81

4. 60
22
. 9
22. 5
9

3.37
0
0

0
0

0
.28

0
0

0
1.19

1 55
.

2 42
.

1.17

.61

2. 96

4.09
23. 57
.09
10.80
0

1.79
20.28
0
16. 76
0

2 68
.
24. 2
0
.38
6 77
.
0

8.38
27. 73
0
5.45
0

11.96
15. 90
7. 25
16. 51
2.02

Notes on this table are in appendix A, p. 379.




$55. 3 $40.14 $51.07 $95. 67
0
0
3 75
.
8.90 35. 84

1
0

.57
1 2
3. 1
11. 76
11. 52
2.00

156
T

EAST

NORTH

C E N TR A L REGION

a b l e 4 . — Disposition

of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule yearf by economic level— Continued

M IL W A U K E E , W I S .-W H I T E F A M IL IE S

Item

A ll
fam ilies

E conom ic level— Fam ilies spending per expendi­
ture u n it per year
U nder $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700 and
$400
$300
$500
$600
$700
over

D isp o s itio n
o f M o n e y R e c e i v e d D u r i n g th e
S c h e d u le Y e a r N o t U se d fo r C u r r e n t F a m ily
E x p e n d itu r e

Families in survey__________________
Number of families disposing of funds in—
Increase in assets:
Increase in cash:
On hand--------------- -------------------In checking account_____________
In savings account______________
Investment in—
Improvements in own home-----------Other real estate (including real estate
mortgages)__________________
Building and loan shares---------------Stocks and bonds------------------------Other property---------------------------Payment of premiums for insurance pol­
icies:
Life insurance_________________
Annuities____________________
Increase in outstanding loans to others__
Decrease in liabilities:
Payment on principal of m
ortgages and
down payment on own home_______
Payment on principal of other mortgages.
Payments of debts to—
Banks_______________________
Insurance companies____________
Small-loan companies-------------------Firms selling on installment plan:
Automobiles_________________
Other goods_________________
Individuals___________________
Other----------------------------------------

446

42

79

116

66

56

87

15
1
70
7

1
0
2

2
0

4
0
19

1
0
10

3
1
9

4
0
23

2

7
3

0

1

0

1

2
2

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
1
1
0

0
0
2
0

1
0
1
0

1
1
0
0

35

70

106

59

52

78
4

4

0

400
7
4
44

0
0

0
0

1
0

1
1

1
1

2

0

9

8
0

11
0

6
2

0

4

6
0

0
1

0
0
0

0
0
1

0
0
2

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
1
0

0
1
0
1

5

1

2
11

1
1
0

0
1
0

3
3
1
4

3
7
22
5
31

1
8

3

11

3

4

Average amount of funds disposed in:
Increase in assets and/or decrease in liabili­
ties__________________________ $158. 22 $139. 55 $126. 04 $152. 78 $147.92 $178. 78
Increase in assets__________________ 120.16
94.39 99.20 116. 76 111.42 143.95
Increase in cash:
1. 52 12. 05
2.28
3.63
On hand_____________________
.75
2.38
0
0
1.78
In checking account_____________
.22
0
0
9.97 43.07
In savings account______________ 26.28
12.26 11.72 26.14
Investment in—
4. 51
0
6.06
Improvements in own home_______
0
5.00 13.29
Other real estate (including real estate
0
3.21
0
mortgages)__________________
0
2.20
0
0
0
Building and loan shares----------------.62
.27
0
0
3.64
.89
Stocks and bonds______ _______
.90
.88
0
0
0
0
0
0
Other property________________
0
0
Payment of premiums for insurance poli­
cies:
Life insurance_________________ 80.06
74. 75 73.44 84.20 85. 57 81.42
2.62
.64
1. 30
Annuities____________________
0
.87
0
.81
Increase in outstanding loans to others__
3.79
.89
0
0
0
Decrease in liabilities-------------------------- 38.06
45.16 26.84 36.02 36.50 34.83
Payment on principal of mortgages and
down payment on own home------------ 23. 05
42.15 12.87 21.13 23.28 14.48
0
0
Payment on principal of other mortgages.
3. 61
.53
0
0
Payment of debts to—
0
0
0
0
0
0
Banks_______________________
.04
0
0
0
Insurance companies____________
0
0
0
0
.55
0
1. 52
1.08
Small-loan companies-------------------Firms selling oninstallment plan:
3.74
1.62
5.06
0
0
1.20
Automobiles_________________
3. 25
2.11
3.84
4.80
1.61
2.28
Other goods_________________
0
.50
.63
1. 36
0
0
Individuals___________________
6.40
2.94 18.07
Other_______________________
.90
6.78
6.03

N otes on this table are in appendix A, p. 379.




2

$198. 29
147. 51
4.84
0
48.04
4.02
9.20
.57
0
0

78.06
2.09
.69
50.78
30.96
0

0

.18

0

12.07
3.09
.17
4. 31

157

TA B U L A R S U M M A R Y

4 . — Disposition of money received during schedule year not used for current
expenditure and funds made available for family use from sources other than family
income in schedule year, by economic level— Continued

T a ble

M IL W A U K E E , W IS .—W H IT E F A M IL IE S — C ontinued

Item

All
families

Economic level—Families spending per expendi­
ture unit per year
Under $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700and
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700
over

F u n d s M a d e A v a ila b le fo r F a m ily U se F ro m
Sources
O th er
T h an
F a m ily
In co m e
in
S c h e d u le Y e a r

Families in survey------------------------------Number of families receiving funds from—
Decrease in assets:
Reduction in cash:
On hand _______
_ _______
In checking account______ ______
In savings account______________
Sale of property:
Real estate (including real estate mortgages)------------------------------------Building and loan shares________
Stocks and bonds..-____________
Goods and chattels. ___________
Other property _ _____ ____ ...
Insurance policies:
Surrender. _______ ... ______
Settlement__________ ______
Receipts from outstanding loans to
others. ____
_____ ________
Increase in liabilities:
Increase in m
ortgages on own home.__
Increase in other mortgages--------------Increase in debts:
Payable to banks_______ ___ _ ...
Payable to insurance companies... _.
Pavable to small-loan companies___
Payable to firms selling on installment
plan:
Automobiles__________ ______
Other goods_________________
Payable to individuals................ ...
Other debts___ .. . _ ... -----------Inheritance______________________

446

42

79

116

66

56

87

14
0
68

2
0
2

5
0
9

1
0
15

3
0
1
1

1
0
10

2
0
21

1
6
4
7
4

0
0
0
1
1

1
1
0
2
0

0
3
1
1
1

0
1
1
1
1

0
0
0
1
0

0
1
2
1
1

27
3

2
0

8
0

12
0

2
0

3
0

0
3

4

0

1

2

1

0

0

5
4

0
0

1
1

1
1

1
0

1
1

1
1

2
19
1
1

0
1
0

1
2
4

0
8
4

0
2
0

0
1
1

1
5
2

3
1
81
37
no
4

0
4
3
12
1

2
14
7
32
0

4
20
1
1
27
1

4
16
8
15
0

2
8
3
10
1

19
19
5
14
1

Average amount of funds received from:
Decrease in assets and/or increase in liabili­
ties--------------------------------- ... _ $146. 87
Decrease in assets_____ ____ ... ... . 68.09
Reduction in cash:
2.99
On hand . .. ----------- --------------0
In checking account________ ... _
In savings account_____ _______ 38.29
Sale of property:
Real estate (including real estate mort­
.08
gages) —
Building and loan shares.._ . _ ___
2. 46
Stocks and bonds_________ . ...
7. 33
Goods and chattels _. ____ ____
.45
.52
Other property--------- ------------ .
Insurance policies:
7.59
Surrender________
____ __
7. 49
Settlement____ _______ ______
Receipts from outstanding loans to
.89
others. _____________________
Increase in liabilities__________ ... _ _ 77.78
4. 55
Increase in m
ortgages on own home___
1.11
Increase in other mortgages_________
Increase in debts:
.53
Payable to banks-------------------------Payable to insurance companies__ _
6.07
2. 42
Payable to small-loan companies_
_
Payable to firms selling on installment
plan:
5.
Automobiles___ . . . __ - _ . .. 1 41
_
15.28
Other goods_________ _______
8. 68
Payable to individuals_______ .
Other debts___ _____ __ _____ 23. 73
5 44
.
Inheritance
___ . . . _____
... .
Notes on this table are in appendix A, p. 379.




$76. 70 $128.15 $104.93 $119. 04 $136.01 $276. 62
21.03 44.00 53. 70 59.02 62.94 142. 08
6. 77
.11
5.08
3. 57
2.13
1 55
.
0
0
0
0
0
0
92.19
7.86 17. 76 19.50 32.09 52. 55
0
0
0
.04
.1
5

.44
6. 33
0
.44
0

0
3.02
17. 25
.13
.78

0
2.20
11.82
.38
.39

0
0
0
.18
0

0
1.15
5.63
1.32
1 26
.

11. 43
0

12.13
0

11.94
0

2.89
0

6.64
0

0
38. 40

0
55. 67
0
0

.13
84.15
6.81
.49

.97
51.23
2.17
.07

4.17
60.02
5.14
0

0
73. 07
5. 36
1.43

0
134. 5
4
6.90
4. 25

0
8.33
0

.76
6. 71
3.27

0
7.04
2.60

0
4.17
0

0
2.32
3. 30

2.01
6.96
3.83

0
10.68
6.07
30. 59
1.40

.72
11.83
8.95
44. 61
0

3.78
1 42
5.
6. 22
1 93
3.
.60

6.84
13. 86
10. 65
19. 36
0

2.49
12.92
8. 57
36.68
26. 78

66. 52
23.02
11.54
9. 5
1
9.20

158

EAST

NORTH

C E N TR A L REGION

T able 5.— Description of families studied, by income level

C IN C IN N A T I, O H IO —W H IT E F A M IL IE S
Income level—Families with annual net income of—
All
fami­
lies

Item

$500 $900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
and
$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 over

Distribution by Occupation of Chief
Earner and by Family Type

1

Families in survey.
Number of families in which chief
earner is—
Clerical worker__
_ _ __
_ _ _
Skilled wage earner. _ _ _ _
Semiskilled wage earner. _
Unskilled wage earner. _ _
Number of families com
posed of—
Man and wife
_
_ _ _
Man, wife, and 1 child 2
-_
Man, wife, and 2 to 4 children 2 _
__
Man, wife, and 5 or more children2
.
Man, wife, and children and adults
(4 to 6 persons) 2 _ _ _
__
.
Man, wife, and children and adults
(7 or more persons) 2
____
Man, wife, and 1 adult_____
Man, wife, and 2 to 4 adults.
Man, wife, and 5 or more adults...
Adults (2 or 3 persons not includ­
ing man and wife) ...
Adults (4 or more persons not in­
cluding man and wife)___
Adult or adults and children (2 or
3 persons not including man and
wife).___ _
. . . __
Adult or adults and children (4 or
more persons not including man
and wife) ._
... ... _

352

36

73

83

68

48

26

8

10

95
81
143
33

6
4
1
8
8

1
6
8
36
1
3

15
24
36
8

26
1
8
2
3
1

1
4
17
1
6
1

9
6
9
2

3
3
2
0

6
1
3
0

87
63
62
1

1
3
6
6
0

22
17
1
4
1

2
1
1
4
2
1
0

1
9
1
4
7
0

7
10
10
0

5
1
3
0

0
0
1
0

0
1
0
0

29

2

1

3

7

6

5

4

1

9
36
1
8
1

0
0
0
0

1
9
0
0

2
12
3
0

3
6
3
0

2
6
3
0

0
2
6
0

0
0
1
0

1
1
2
1

2
1

4

6

1

5

0

3

2

0

12

0

0

4

2

3

0

0

3

9

5

2

1

1

0

0

0

0

4

0

0

1

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

330
1
12
2
7

34
0
2
0
0

68
0
2
0
3

79
0
4
0
0

65
0
2
0
1

45
0
0
2
1

23
0
2
0
1

7
0
0
0
1

9
1
0
0
0

Distribution by Nativity of Homemaker

Number of families having no home­
maker
Number of families having home­
maker born in—
United States.. _ ________
Italy___ _
_ _ __ _
Germany. _ _ _ _ _ _____
_
_
Russia _____ _ _____ _ _ .
Other. _ _ _ _ . _ _ _ _
_ _
_ _
_
Composition of Household

Number of households, _ _ _ _
_
Average number of persons in house­
hold ____ ____
Number of households with—
Boarders and lodgers _ _ _
_
Boarders only _
_
_ _
_
Lodgers only _ _ _ _ _ .
_
Other persons ______
Average size of economic family in—
Persons___ _____ _ _ _ __ _
_ _
Under 16 years of age
16 years of age and over. _ _
_
Expenditure units
_ _ _
_
Average number of persons in house­
hold not members of econom
ic
family_____ _ _
_ _ _ __
_

352

36

7
3

83

68

48

26

8

1
0

3. 5
1

2. 77

3. 04

3. 44

3.46

4.18

3. 73

5 43
.

5.19

46
1
2
12

3
0
0
1

2
0
0
1

1
1
1
0
5

1
1
0
0
4

12
0
0
1

3
0
2
0

4
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

3. 37
0. 88
2 49
.
3.09

2.68
0. 7
4
1.94
2 47
.

3. 02
0. 87
2.15
27
. 2

3.30
0.89
2.41
2.98

3.33
0. 89
2 44
.
3 07
.

3. 88
1.14
2.74
3.58

3. 60
0. 5
3
3.07
3. 4
1

4. 5
6
1.00
3. 56
4. 3
1

5 20
.
0.80
4. 40
4. 97

0.16

0.09

0. 02

0.14

0.17

0.35

0.16

0.88

0

1“Children” are defined as persons under 16 years of age. “Adults” are persons 16 years of age and over.
2Families of these types were included in the 1917-18 study, Cost of Living in the United States, B. L. S.
Bull. No. 357, 1924.
Notes on this table are in appendix A, p.380.




159

TABULAR SUMMARY
T a b le 5 . — Description of families studied, by income level— Continued
CINCINNATI, OHIO—WHITE FAMILIES—Continued

Income level—Families with annual net income of—
Item

All
fami­
lies

$500 $900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
and
$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 over

E rn g a dIn e
a in s n com
Families in survey. _ _
_
Number of families having—
Earnings of subsidiary earners__
Net earnings from boarders and
lodgers _
----- ---Other net rents. _______
Interest and dividends
_ _
_
Pensions and insurance annuities .
Gifts from persons outside economic family. _ _ _ _
_
Other sources of income.
. .
Deductions from income (business
losses and expenses) _ -------Surplus (net increase in assets
and/or decrease in liabilities)_
_
Deficit (net decrease in assets and/
or increase in liabilities)
Inheritance-------------Average number of gainful workers
per family. _ ____ .. . . .

352

36

73

83

68

48

26

8

10

11
1

4

1
1

23

1
9

18

20

6

10

44
15
29
10

3
2
1
0

2
3
4
1

9
2
8
2

1
1
2
7
3

10
3
5
0

5
1
4
3

4
2
0
0

0
0
0
1

2
1
1
3

3
2

3
2

6
2

4
4

2
0

2
1

1
2

0
0

7

0

0

4

0

2

1

0

0

214

10

4
1

56

43

32

20

5

7

135
4

25
1

30
0

27
1

25
1

16
1

6
0

3
0

3
0

1.41

1.11

. 1 23
.

1 31
.

1.29

1.44

2 12
.

2 00
.

3 00
.

$777 $1, 043 $1, 358
751 1,027 1,322
730
990 1,229
21
37
93
561
885 1,196
0 (3
0
)
142
126
190
0 (3
0
)

$1, 630
1,567
1,442
125
1,386
0
181
0

$1, 940
1,854
1,654
200
1,651
4
199
0

$2, 265
2,139
1,594
545
1,698
20
421
0

Average amount of—
Net family income _ _ _ ---- $1, 523
Earnings of individuals _ _ . 1,468
1,275
Chief earner . _ __ __ _
Subsidiary earners.. . ...
193
Males: 16 years and over__ 1,248
2
Under 16 years..
218
Females: 16 years and over__
Under 16 years ...
(3
)
Net earnings from boarders and
27
lodgers ______
5
Other net rents___
_ _
4
Interest and dividends. _ _ _ _
_
Pensions and insurance annui­
1
3
ties_____ _ ________ _
Gifts from persons outside eco­
2
nomic family.. _ _ ___
_
4
Other sources of income
...
Deductions from income (busi­
ness losses and expenses) _
(3
)
Surplus per family having surplus
(net increase in assets and/or de­
crease in liabilities) _ _ __ _ 166
Deficit per family having deficit
(net decreasein assets and/or in­
227
crease in liabilities)
_
Net changein assets and liabilities
+14
for all families in survey. _
5
Inheritance__ _
_

(3
)

8
4

5
4
2

18
2
2

33
3
5

64
1
1
10

38
4
5

157
57
0

0
0
0

0

3

9

1
3

0

77

0

60

4
10

1
1

4
3

3
6

1
0

1
2

3
38

0
0

0

0

-2

0

49

93

124

137

181

163

228

273

-112
3

-15
0

+10
6

-13
1

3 Less than $0.50.
Notes on this table are in appendix A, p. 380.




$2,488 $3, 646
2, 233 3, 586
1 618 1,641
,
615 1,945
1,834 2, 271
0
0
399 1,315
0
0

(3
)

-1

0

0

276

261

244

455

311

230

93

568

+80 +148 +118
2
0
0

+148
0

160

EAST

NORTH

C E N T R A L REGION

T a b le 5.— Description of families studied, by income level— Continued
CINCINNATI, OHIO—NEGRO FAMILIES

Item

All fami­
lies

Income level—Families with annual net
income of—
$500 to
$900

$900 to
$1,200

$1,200 to $1,500 and
$1,500
over

D u b O p tionof C iefE rn a db
istrib tion y ccu a
h a er n y
F m T e1
a ily yp
Families in survey___________________ ___
Number of families in which chief earner is—
Clerical worker--------------------------------Skilled wage earner________________
Semiskilled wage earner--------------- -------------Unskilled wage earner_________ _______
Number of families com
posed of—
Man and wife_________________________
Man, wife, and 1 child________________ . .
Man, wife, and 2 to 4 children______________
Man, wife, and 5 or more children_______ __
Man, wife, and children and adults (4 to 6persons).
Man, wife, and children and adults (7 or more per­
sons)------------- ----------------------------------Man, wife, and 1 adult___________________
'Man, wife, and 2 to 4 adults____________ ...
Man, wife, and 5 or more adults________ ____
Adults (2 or 3persons not including man and wife) _
Adults (4 or more persons not including man and
wife).?__________
_______________
Adult or adults and children (2 or 3 persons not
including man and wife)________________
Adult or adults and children (4 or more persons not
including man and wife)__ _ ... _______

100

34

47

12

7

2
1
18
79

0
0
1
33

0
0
14
33

1
0
2
9

1
1
1
4

33
14
1
8
2
12

1
1
7
6
0
1

17
5
7
1
8

3
2
4
0
1

2
0
1
1
2

1
9
2
0
5

0
2
0
0
3

1
6
1
0
1

0
1
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
1

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

D u b N tivityofH emk
istrib tion y a
om a er
Number of families having no homemaker______
Number of families having homemaker born in
United States__ _______________________

0

0

0

0

0

100

34

47

12

7

100
3.46

34
3. 05

47
3.63

12
3.58

7
4.13

6
0
3
1

2
0
0
0

2
0
3
1

1
0
0
0

1
0
0
0

3.37
1.04
2.33
3.05

3.00
.85
2.15
2.71

3.48
1.06
2.42
3.14

3. 55
1.22
2 33
.
3.30

4.11
1.54
2.57
3.62

0.10

0.06

0.17

0.04

0.14

C p
omositionofHu old
o seh
Number of households______ ^_____
_____
Average number of persons in household_______
Number of households with—
Boarders and lodgers------------------ _ ---------Boarders only____ _ _____ _ _ _ ____ ...
_
Lodgers only----------------- ------------------------Other persons_____ __________ _ _ ..
Average size of econom family in—
ic
Persons______________________________
Under 16 years of age________ ... - -------16 years of age and over____________ __
Expenditure units._ ________ _______ ...
Average number of persons in household not mem­
bers of economic family______________ ____

1 “Children” are defined as persons under 16 years of age. “Adults” are persons 16 years of age and over.
Notes on this table are in appendix A, p. 380.




161

TABULAR SUMMARY
T able

5 .—

Description of families studied, by income level— Continued

C IN C IN N A T I, O H IO —N E G R O F A M IL IE S — C ontinued

Item

A ll fam i­
lies

Incom e level— Fam ilies w ith annual net
incom e of—
$500 to
$900

$1,200 to $1,500 and
over
$1,500

$900 to
$1,200

E a r n in g s a n d In co m e

Fam ilies in su rvey---------- -----------------------------------------N um ber of fam ilies h aving—
E arnings of subsidiary earners____________________
N et earnings from boarders and lodgers___________
O ther net ren ts____________________________________
Interest and divid end s___________________ _______ —
P ensions and insurance an n u ities_________________
G ifts from persons outside econom ic fam ily............Other sources of incom e____________________________
D edu ctions from incom e (business losses and exp en ses)----------------------------------------------------------------Surplus (net increase in assets and/or decrease in
liab ilities)------------------------------------------------------------D eficit (net decrease in assets and/or increase in
liab ilities)------------------------------------------------------------Inheritance----- ----------------------------------- ------------ --Average num ber of gainful workers per fam ily______
Average am ount of—
N et fam ily incom e-------------------------------------------------E arnings of in d ivid u als------- ---------------------------C hief earner__________________________________
Subsidiary earners-------------------------------------------M ales: 16 years and over---------------------U nder 16 years________________________
Fem ales: 16 years and over____________ ____
U nder 16 years________ __________ _
N et earnings from boarders and lodgers_________
O ther net ren ts___________ --- --------------------- Interest and divid end s----------------------------------------P ensions and insurance an n u ities----------------------G ifts from persons outside econom ic fam ily------O ther sources of incom e--------------------------------------D ed u ctions from incom e (business losses and
expenses)_______________________________ _______
Surplus per fam ily having surplus (net increase
in assets and/or decrease in liab ilities)___________
D eficit per fam ily having deficit (net decrease in
assets and/or increase in liab ilities)______________
N et change in assets and liabilities for all fam ilies
in su rv ey. ---------- --------- ------------------- ------------- Inheritance_________________________________ _______
Less than $0.50.
N otes on th is table are in appendix A , p. 380.

2




100
21
8

34
4

47
9
4
3

12

7
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

0

2
0
0
1
0
0

0

6
1
1
0
0
0
0

1

0

1

0

67
31
0
1.23

24
9

0
1.12

28
18
0
1.26

4
0
1. 42

$751
743
711
32
662
0
81

$1, 026
1,001
949
52
910
20
71

$1, 290
1,277
1,170
107
1,181
0
96

4

1
2

3

$1,010
993
935
58
883
9

101
0

0
0

13
3
4

0

-3
79
78
+29

0

0
6
0
0
2
0
0

1
1

3

0
20

5

0
0

6
0

0

-6

59
75

69
75
+ 13

+22
0

0

8

0
6

7

0
0
0
0

7
0
0

1.29

$1, 664
1,659
1, 514
145
1,257
0
402
0
5
0
0
0
0
0

0

0

115
96
+ 45

142

0

0

+142

0

162

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T a ble 5. — Description of families studied, by income level— Continued
CLEVELAND, OHIO—WHITE FAMILIES

Item

Income level—Families with annual net income of—
All
fami­ $500 $900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 $3,000
lies
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to and
$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 $3,000 over

Distribution by Occupation of Chief
Earner and by Family Type 1

Families in survey___
Number of families in which chief
earner is—
Clerical worker _ _ _________
_
Skilled wage earner.. _ _ _______
_
___ _
Semiskilled wage earner
Unskilled wage earner ___ --------Number of families com
posed of—
Man and wife____
_ _ _ __
_
___ ___
Man, wife, and 1 child 2
Man, wife, and 2to 4 children 2
___ _
Man, wife, and 5 or more children 2_
_
Man, wife, and children and adults
(4 to 6persons)2
______ _ _
Man, wife, and children and adults
(7 or more persons)2 _______
___
Man, wife, and 1 adult._ _ _ _ _
_
_
Man, wife, and 2 to 4 adults____
Man, wife, and 5 or more adults
Adults (2 or 3 persons not including
man and wife)_____ ________
Adults (4 or more persons not in­
cluding man and wife) ______
Adult or adults and children (2 or 3
persons not including man and
_
wife)___ _ _ _ _______ _ _
_ _•
Adult or adults and children (4 or
more persons not including man
and wife)
_
____

490

1
8

78

124

116

97

28

1
3

7

9

110
136
205
39

1
0
1
1
6

18
9
38
1
3

23
35
5
4
12

37
29
46
4

20
34
39
4

4
15
9
0

2
7
4
0

1
5
1
0

4
2
3
0

124
109
103
4

5
3
2
1

22
2
1
16
0

32
30
32
1

30
27
25
2

23
2
1
2
1
0

5
4
4
0

5
2
2
0

0
0
1
0

2
1
0
0

48

1

5

10

1
1

12

5

2

2

0

9
28
29
1

0
2
0
0

0
2
3
0

0
7
6
1

2
6
6
0

4
8
5
0

2
1
4
0

0
1
0
0

0
1
3
0

1
0
2
0

18

2

8

4

2

2

0

0

0

0

7

0

0

1

3

0

1

0

0

2

3

2

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

0

0

0

2

1

2

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

333
1
4
17
1
1
1
0
8
9
1
87

9
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
8

54
3
4
1
0
0
2
0
14

77
4
5
4
3
1
2
1
27

75
2
5
2
3
3
2
0
24

75
3
1
3
2
1
2
0
1
0

20
1
1
1
2
1
0
0
2

12
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

5
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0

6
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
1

18

78

124

116

97

28

1
3

7

9

3.19 3.08 3. 58 3. 68 3 79 4 68 3 72 4. 73
.
.
.

4. 25

Distribution by Nativity of Homemaker

Number of families having no home­
maker _
__
_ _
Number of families having homemaker
born in—
United States. _ _
_ _
Italy______________________
Germany,. ___________ _
Poland. _ _________ _
Russia____
__ _
England ____ _ _ _ _
_
Ireland ____ _____ _ _ _ _
Sweden . . .
__________
Other____ _ _ _ _ _ ______
_ _
Composition of Household

Number of households-- _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Average number of persons in house­
hold_______________________
Number of households with—
Boarders and lodgers. _ _ _ _ _
_ _
Boarders only____ _ ______
_
Lodgers only_____ _
Other persons___ _ ______
Average size of economic family in—
Persons____________________
Under16years of age___ ____ _
16years of ageand over__ __ ___
Expenditure units
Average number of persons in house­
holdnot members of econom family.
ic

490
3 64
.
77
1
1
1
29

1
0
0
0

6
0
1
4

1
9
0
5
6

20
1
4
6

19
0
1
5

8
0
0
4

3
0
0
2

0
0
0
1

1
0
0
1

3.46
0.98
2 48
.
31
7

3.14
0.97
2.17
2. 83

3.01
0. 77
2 24
.
2. 72

3. 41
1 04
.
2 37
.
3.11

3 47
.
1.03
2.44
3.15

3 56
.
1.01
2 55
.
3. 30

4. 36
1.30
3 06
.
4. 05

3. 30
0. 92
2 38
.
3.06

4 72
.
0. 57
4.15
4 52
.

4. 2
1
0. 44
3. 77
4 02
.

0.20

0.06 0.09 0.19 0. 23 0. 25 0. 34 0. 43 0 02
.

0. 1
3

1“Children” are defined as persons under 16 years of age. “Adults” are persons 16 years of age and over.
2Families of these types were included in the 1917-18 study, Cost of Living in the United States, B. L. S.
Bull. No. 357, 1924.
Notes on this table are in appendix A, p. 380.




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

163

5 .- —Description of families studied, by income level— Continued
C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C on tin u ed

Ite m

A ll
fam i­
lies

In co m e le v e l— F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et in com e of—
$500
to
$900

$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 $3,000
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
and
$1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 $3,000 over

E a r n in g s a n d In c o m e

490
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ____________
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
E a rn in g s of su b sid iary
168
ea rn ers____
_ _ - N e t earn in gs from boarders
85
an d lod gers _ _ _ _ _ _ _
41
O ther n e t r e n ts--------------------122
In te re st an d d iv id en d s
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n ­
13
n u itie s _____________________
G ifts from p erson s o u tsid e
67
eco n o m ic fa m ily -- _______
32
O ther sou rces of in co m e _ _
D e d u c tio n s from in com e
(b u sin ess losses an d ex­
23
p en ses) —
S u rp lu s (n et increase in
assets an d/or d ecrease in
lia b ilitie s)_____ _____ __ ___ 283
D e fic it (n et d ecrease in
assets an d/or increase in
lia b ilitie s)-- _ _ _ _ _ _ __ 204
8
In h erita n ce _________
A verage n u m b er of gain fu l
w ork ers per fa m ily ----------- 1.43
A verage a m o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in c o m e _______ - $1, 611
E a rn in g s of in d iv id u a ls _ _ 1,552
1,403
C h ief earner _
149
S u b sid ia ry earners—
M ales: 16 years an d over_ 1, 378
U n d er 16 years __ (3)
F em ales: 16 years an d
174
over _
U n d er 16 yea rs.
0
N e t earn in gs from b oard ­
30
ers an d lo d g ers_________
8
O ther n e t ren ts _____
4
In terest an d d iv id e n d s___
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce
a n n u ities __ __
7
G ifts from persons o u t­
6
sid e eco n om ic fa m ily ____
O ther sources of in co m e _ _ _
8
D e d u ctio n s from in com e
(b u sin ess losses and ex ­
-4
p en ses)
___ _ _ _
S u rp lu s per fa m ily h a v in g
su rp lu s (n et increase in
assets an d/or decrease in
156
lia b ilities) _
_ __ _
D e fic it per fam ily h a v in g
d eficit (n et decrease in
assets an d/or increase in
219
lia b ilitie s)-- _ __ _
N e t ch an ge in assets and
lia b ilitie s for all fam ilies
-1
in su r v e y ___ __ ------------9
In h erita n ce _______ __ __ _

18

78

124

116

97

28

13

7

9

2
1
1
2
0
1
0

22
7
4
19
1
12
4

38
20
10
25

36
20
7
27
1
12
7

14
8
3
4

3
21
4

36
25
14
35
2
18
10

3
2
3

6
3
0
4
2
0
2

5
0
1
2
1
1
0

9
1
1
4
0
0
2

1

5

9

4

2

1

0

0

1

7

43

63

69

60

18

10

6

7

11
0
1.11

34
2

60
2
1. 35

47
1
1.35

36
2
1.47

10
0
1. 61

3
1

1
0
2. 57

2
0
2. 56

$763 $1, 064
742 1,046
995
737
51
5
556
869
0
0
186
177
0
0
16
10
3
8
2
(3)
1
0
1
7
0
4

1. 69

$1, 355 $1, 637 $1,938 $2, 238 $2, 536 $2,835 $3, 448
1,319 1,575 1, 871 2, 054 2, 369 2, 781 3, 337
1,235 1,476 1,705 1,774 2,020 1,953 1,918
84
280
349
828 1,419
99
166
1,196 1,459 1,710 1,839 1,898 2, 528 2,183
1
1
0
0
0
2
0
122
253 1,154
161
471
115
213
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
39
85
0
8
23
33
77
11
6
17
5
8
0
20
1
4
8
3
5
3
39
2
4
34
3
67
29
0
2
1
0
0
8
4
7
49
0
45
1
7
8
27
0

0

-1

224

123

202

436

235

251

660

904

211

+27
(3)

+54
0

-5 8
38

+44
0

+293
0

-4

-9

-6

-5

44

100

121

164

184

225

197

236

150

-1 2 0
0

-3 1
36

-5 3
6

+37
3

3 L ess th a n $0.50.
N o tes on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.




1. 33

(3)

(3)

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

164

T a b l e 5 . — Description of families studied, by income level— Continued

C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S
In com e le v e l—-F a m ilies w ith an n u al n et in com e of—
A ll
fam ­
ilies

Item

D istr ib u tio n

by

$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400
to
to
to
to
to
an d
$1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 over

O c c u p a tio n o f C h ief E a r n e r

an d by F a m ily

T yp e

i

F a m ilies in su r v e y ------------------------------------------N u m b e r of fam ilies in w h ic h chief earner is—
C lerical w o r k e r ._________ _ _ _____ ________ _
S k illed w a g e earn er______________ _ _ _ _ _ _
S em isk illed w ag e e a r n e r ___________________
U n sk ille d w a g e e a r n e r _________
_ _ .
N u m b e r of fam ilies com p o sed of—
M a n an d w ife ____________________ _______
M a n , w ife, a n d 1 ch ild 2________ __________ _
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 c h ild r e n 2____ _____
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore c h ild r e n 2----------M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts (4 to
6 p e r so n s)2_________________________________
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts (7 or
m ore p e r so n s)2 ____________________ ___
M a n , w ife, an d 1 a d u lt ___ ______ _______
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u lts____________
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore a d u lts _______ _
A d u lts (2 or 3 persons n o t in clu d in g m an
an d w ife )___________________________________
A d u lts (4 or m ore persons n o t in clu d in g
m a n an d w ife )______ ______________________
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (2 or 3 per­
sons n o t in c lu d in g m an an d w ife) ______
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (4 or m ore
persons n o t in clu d in g m a n and w ife )____
D istr ib u tio n

$500
to
$900

266
70
75
95
26
76
56
36
1
23
9
25
16
0
12
4
2

32
4
2
20
6
10
8
0
0
2
0
2

72
14
20
30
8
29
22
5
1
7
1
4
0
0
2

6

1

0
0
1

1

0

258
2
3
2
266
3. 62
46
3
15
15
3.33
0.88
2.45
3.10
0.31

64
18
22
17
7
14
9
15
0
5
1
7
6
0
5
1

41
15
8
17
1

35
11
15
7
2

13
5
3
4
1

15
8
5
0
3

4
6
9
0

3

2
4
2
0
1

3
3

1
1
0
2
2
1
2
0
0
1
0
0

9
3
5
0
1
1
2
1
0
1
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
1

0
1

0
0
1

6
1
0
0
2
0
1

1

0

0

0

0

0

32
0
0
0

71
0
0
0

60
0
3
1

39
1
0
1

34
1
0
0

13
0
0
0

9
0
0
0

32
2.93
4
0
0

72
3.38
14
0
7
1
3.03
0.84
2.19
2.83
0.38

64
3.74
13
1
4

41
3.64
6
0
3
5
3.26
0.91
2.35
3.08
0.39

35
4.10
6
1
1
4
3.80
1.17
2.63
3. 55
0.3 0

13
4.66
2
1
0
0
4.35
1.17
3.18
3.73
0.32

9
3. 75
1
0
0
1
3. 53
0. 57
2.96
3.88
0.2 5

3

0
4

0
2

b y N a tiv ity of H o m e m a k e r

N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g n o h o m em a k er. _
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g h o m em a k er
b orn in —
U n ite d S t a t e s __________ __
____
I ta ly ____________________ ____________________
G e rm a n y _____ _______________ __ ___ ___
O ther_______ _ ____________ _ _ _ _______
C o m p o sitio n

of H o u seh o ld

N u m b e r of h o u se h o ld s.__ _ ___________ _ ___
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u seh o ld ___
N u m b e r of h o u seh o ld s w ith —
B oarders an d lo d g e r s .._ ___________________
B oarders o n ly . _____ _______ _____ ________
L odgers o n ly _________________________________
O ther p erson s________ ____________________
A verage size of eco n om ic fa m ily in —
P erso n s........................___ _. ---------------------U n d er 16 yea rs of a g e _____________________
16 years of age an d o v e r _________________
E x p en d itu re u n its __________________ __ __
A verage n u m b er of person s in h ou seh old n o t
m em b ers of eco n om ic fa m ily ___________

2

2.76
0.47
2.29
2.58
0.1 8

2

3.45
0.94
2.51
3.19
0.16

1 “ C h ild ren ” are d efin ed as persons u n d er 16 years of age. “ A d u lts” are persons 16 years of age an d over.
2 F a m ilies of th ese ty p e s w ere in clu d ed in th e 1917-18 stu d y , C ost of L iv in g in th e U n ite d S ta tes, B . L . S.
B u ll. N o . 357, 1924.
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.




165

TABULAR SUMMARY
T able

5 . — Description of families studied, by income level— Continued

C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
In co m e level-—F a m ilies w ith an n u al n e t in com e of—
Item

A ll fam ­
ilies
$500 to $900 to $1,200 to $1,500 to $1,800 to $2,100 to $2,400
an d
$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 ov er

E a r n in g s a n d In c o m e

266
F a m ilies in su r v e y _____________ ____
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
72
E a rn in gs of su b sid ia ry earn ers____
N e t earnings from b oarders an d
61
lod gers_________________ >
---------------16
O ther n e t r e n ts_____________________
8
In terest an d d iv id e n d s_____________
9
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n n u itie s
G ifts from p erson s o u tsid e econ o m ic fa m ily _____________________
19
16
O ther sources of in c o m e ___________
D e d u ctio n s from in com e (b u si10
n ess losses an d ex p e n se s)________
S u rp lu s (n et increase in assets
an d/or decrease in lia b ilities)
168
D e fic it (n et decrease in assets
86
an d /or increase in lia b ilitie s)____
2
In h erita n ce__________________________
A verage n u m b er of g a in fu l w orkers
per fa m ily _____ _____________________
1. 33
A verage am o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in c o m e________________ $1, 400
E a rn in gs of in d iv id u a ls__________ 1, 321
C h ief earner___________ _____ __
1,203
118
S u b sid ia ry earners_____________
M a les: 16 yea rs an d o v e r _____ 1,170
0
U n d er 16 y ea rs. _____
F em a les: 16 yea rs an d o v e r . _ _
151
U n d er 16 y e a rs____
(3)
N e t earn in gs from boarders an d
41
lod gers__________________________
10
O ther n e t r e n ts__________________
1
In terest a n d d iv id e n d s_______ _
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n ­
9
n u itie s__________________________
G ifts from p erson s o u tsid e eco­
n o m ic fa m ily _____ __
. _
4
O ther sources of in co m e_________
17
D e d u ctio n s from in com e (b u si­
n ess losses an d exp en ses) . _ .
-3
S u rp lu s per fa m ily h a v in g su rp lu s
(n et increase in assets an d/or
174
decrease in lia b ilitie s ) ... .
D e fic it per fa m ily h a v in g deficit
(n et d ecrease in a ssets an d /or in ­
208
crease in lia b ilitie s)_____
.
N e t ch an ge in a ssets a n d lia b ili­
+43
ties for all fam ilies in su r v e y ____
3
In h erita n ce____________________ _____
3 L ess th an $0.50,
N o te s on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 380.




32
4
3
3
0
2
1
2
1
16
12
1

72
13
19
2
2
2
4
3
3
33
35
0

64
20
17
1
2
1

1.15

1.19

1. 35

41
13
10
2
0
1
4
1
1
29
11
0
1.39

35
10
8
5
2
3
2
1
3
32
3
0
1. 34

13
7
3
1
2
0
0
1
0
9
2
0
1. 65

9
5
1
2
0
0
0
3
0
8
0
0
2. 21

$770 $1,048 $1, 325 $1,631 $1,967 $2,177
716
993 1,260
1, 578 1,824 2,068
704
1,165 1, 423 1,706 1, 682
951
12
42
95
155
118
386
614
937 1,087 1,415
1,632 1,820
0
0
0
0
0
0
102
173
56
163
192
248
0
0
0
0
0
(3)
16
36
58
41
45
54
10
2
3
3
32
5
0
0
2
3
(3)
(3)
15
1
6
2
37
0
2
7
2
3
5
0
12
4
9
33
47
1
-1
-5
-3
0
-1
-7

$2, 626
2,366
1, 644
722
1,776
0
590
0
11
76
0
0
0
173
0

8
5
2
41
22
1

63

119

141

141

298

226

366

196
-4 1
3

178
-3 2
0

168
+33
13

298
+19
0

366
+241
0

525
+76
0

0
+325
0

166

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

5. — Description of families studied, by income level— Continued

D E T R O I T , M IC H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S
A ll
fam i­
lies

Item

In com e lev el— F a m ilies w ith an n u al n et in co m e of—
$500
to
$900

$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700
to
to
to
to
to
to
and
$1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 over

Distribution by Occupation of Chief
Earner and by Family Type

1

F a m ilie s in s u r v e y ______
N u m b e r of fam ilies in w h ich ch ief
earner is—
C lerical w ork er____________ _________
S k illed w ag e earn er________________
S em isk illed w a g e earn er______ _
U n sk ille d w a g e ea rn er-- ___
N u m b e r of fam ilies com p o sed of—
M a n an d w ife ___
M a n , w ife, an d 1 ch ild 2 - _
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 ch ild ren 2. _ M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore ch ild ren 2_
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d
a d u lts (4 to 6 persons) 2___ _
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d
a d u lts (7 or m ore persons) 2 ___
M a n , w ife, an d 1 a d u lt- __ __
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u lts ___ _
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore a d u lts--.
A d u lts (2 or 3 p erson s, n o t in c lu d ­
in g m a n an d w ife )________________
A d u lts (4 or m ore persons, n o t in ­
clu d in g m a n an d w ife )_____ - _
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (2 or
3 p erson s, n o t in c lu d in g m a n an d
w ife) - _
. ____________ __
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (4 or
m ore p erson s, n o t in c lu d in g m an
an d w ife ) ..
________ _____

598

32

96

158

137

100

41

22

12

138
186
230
44
121
128
130
8
65
28
49
27
1
28
4

9
3
14
6
11
8
6
0
2
2
0
1
0
1
0

15
16
53
12
23
26
30
1
5
2
2
3
0
3
1

23
36
88
11
27
39
39
4
19
4
13
4
0
5
0

38
53
37
9
30
33
28
1
10
11
11
6
0
6
0

37
38
21
4
17
19
16
2
13
5
12
5
0
8
1

7
25
8
1
8
1
8
0
9
3
5
4
1
1
0

6
11
5
0
2
2
1
0
7
0
5
1
0
3
1

3
4
4
1
3
0
2
0
0
1
1
3
0
1
1

3

0

0

2

0

1

0

0

0

6

1

0

2

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

431
11
9
20
6
34
19
1
1
1
7
58

19
1
1
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
8

68
2
2
2
0
7
3
0
0
0
2
10

118
3
1
6
1
8
4
0
1
0
2
14

101
4
1
1
1
8
8
1
0
0
2
10

79
0
2
3
1
5
2
0
0
1
1
6

26
0
1
3
0
6
1
0
0
0
0
4

14
0
1
2
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
3

6
1
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3

598
3. 84
85
6
22
34

32
3.41
5
0
2
2

3. 66
1.18
2. 48
3. 37

3.29
1.01
2.28
3. 02

96
3.60
9
1
6
1
3. 48
1.27
2.21
3.13

158
3. 86
16
2
6
8
3. 72
1.37
2. 35
3. 38

137
3. 92
28
0
3
8
3. 65
1.24
2. 41
3.37

100
3. 74
16
1
2
7
3. 58
1.07
2. 51
3. 33

41
4. 35
7
2
2
7
4. 07
0. 98
3. 09
3. 83

22
3. 87
2
0
0
1
3. 71
0. 63
3.08
3. 51

12
4. 56
2
0
1
0
4. 46
0. 46
4. 00
4. 34

0.20

0.14

0. 14

0.16

0.29

0.20

0. 33

0.20

0.13

Distribution by Nativity of Homemaker

N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g n o h om emaker__ ____________
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g h o m e­
m aker born in —
U n ite d S ta te s_____________ ___
I ta ly ------ -------------------------- _ _ _
G e r m a n y ____________ ______ __ __
P o la n d ___
___________________
R u ssia ____________________________ _
C an a d a (n ot F re n c h )_______________
E n g la n d _____________ _______________
Irela n d ------- ----------------------------- --M e x ic o .
_____________________
S w e d e n .__ ___
______ ________
C an ad a (F r e n ch )___________________
O th er________________________________
Composition of Household

N u m b e r of h o u se h o ld s. _ _____________
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u se­
h o ld __________________________________
N u m b e r o f h o u seh old s w ith —
B oad ers an d lod gers_____________
B oard ers o n ly ._ _ ___ _
L o d gers o n ly . __ ______ _____
O th er persons _ _ ____
A verage size of eco n om ic fa m ily in —
P erso n s
__ __ __ _ ___ _
U n d er 16 years of age ___ ___
16 years of age an d o v e r ______ __
E x p en d itu r e u n its _ _ _ _
A vera g e n u m b er of persons in h o u se­
h o ld n o t m em b ers of eco n om ic
fa m ily .
______________ _

1 “ C h ild ren ” are d efin ed as p erson s u n d er 16 years of age. “ A d u lts” are persons 16 years of age an d over.
2 F a m ilie s of th ese ty p e s w ere in c lu d e d in th e 1917-18 stu d y , C ost of L iv in g in th e U n ite d S tates, B . L . S.
B u ll. N o . 357, 1924.
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.




167

TABULAE SUMMARY
T a b l e 5 . — Description of families studied, by income level— Continued

D E T R O I T , M I C H .—-W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
In co m e le v e l— F a m ilies w ith a n n u a l n et in com e of—
Ite m

fam i­
lies

$500
to
$900

$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700
to
to
to
to
to
to
an d
$1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 over

E a r n in g s an d In c o m e

598
____
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ,
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
E a rn in gs of su b sid ia ry earners____
168
N e t earn in gs from boarders an d
100
l o d g e r s ,____ _ _ _ _
55
O ther n et ren ts___
24
In terest an d d iv id e n d s______
12
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n n u itie s, _
G ifts from persons o u tsid e eco50
n o m ic fa m ily _
_
27
O ther sources of in c o m e , _
D e d u ctio n s from in com e (b u sin ess
28
losses an d expenses)
S u rp lu s (n et increase in assets
an d/or decrease in lia b ilitie s)____
340
D e fic it (n et decrease in assets
241
an d/or increase in lia b ilities) __
6
In h e r ita n c e____ _
A verage n u m b er of gain fu l w orkers
1. 35
per fa m ily ,.
A verage a m o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in com e
$1, 571
E a rn in gs of in d iv id u a ls _____
1, 515
C h ief earn er., _
_ ___ 1, 386
S u b sid iary earners .
129
M ales: 16 years an d over
1, 372
U n d er 16 y e a rs.
(3)
143
F em a les: 16 years an d o v er___
U n d er 16 y ea rs______ (3)
N e t earnings from boarders an d
lod gers, _
__ ______
30
8
O ther n et r en ts.
2
In terest an d d iv id e n d s.
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce an n u ities.
7
G ifts from persons o u tsid e eco­
n o m ic fa m ily _ _ _ _ _ ____
6
O ther sources of in c o m e .
5
D e d u ctio n s from in com e (b u si­
-2
n ess losses an d expenses) _ _.
S u rp lu s per fa m ily h a v in g su rp lu s
(n et increase in assets an d/or d e­
crease in lia b ilities)
148
D e fic it per fa m ily h a v in g deficit
(n et decrease in assets an d/or in ­
206
crease in lia b ilities)
N e t ch an ge in assets an d lia b ilities
for all fam ilies in su r v e y
+1
4
In h e r ita n c e,
_____

32
9
5
6
1
1
3
0
2
9
22
0
1. 33

$785 $1,078
748 1,053
701 1.038
47
15
602 1,006
(3)
(3)
146
47
0
0
16
15
17
5
1
1
4
0
4
4
0
1
-5
-1




-12

158
33
23
15
7
4
17
6
7

137
25
28
9
3
3
12
7
7
85
49
0
1. 21

41
28
11
5
2
1
2
2
3
27
14
1
1.93

0
19
3
0
1. 77

12
11
1
3
1
0
2
1
1
8
3
0
2. 79

$1, 343 $1, 625 $1, 924 $2, 252 $2, 477
1, 293 1, 555 1, 876 2,163 2, 308
1, 250 1, 482 1, 707 1, 796 1. 864
43
73
169
444
367
1, 224 1, 472 1, 632 1, 880 1, 865
1
(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)
69
83
244
281
443
1
0
0
(3)
(3)
23
45
28
57
33
8
8
9
15
6
1
1
3
6
0
4
8
8
89
0
5
2
24
8
5
11
6
7
5
8
-1
-4
-1
-1
0

$3,104
3, 072
1, 778
1, 294
2, 362
4
706
0
4
25
1
0
2
4
-4

85
68
2
1.24

100
37
18
8
9
0
7
7
4
57
41
2
1.45

22
14
2
3
0
3
1
1

54

61

97

133

194

267

321

362

264
-1 6 7
0

195
-5 1
14

199
-3 4
3

177
+19
0

218
+21
3

229
+176
2

289
+238
0

244
+180
0

3 L ess th a n $0.50.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.

5 3485°— 40

96
11
12
6
1
0
6
3
4
50
41
1
1. 12

168

BAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T a b l e 5 . — Description of families studied, by income level— Continued

G R A N D R A P I D S , M IC H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S
A11
A ll
fam i­
lies

Item

D istr ib u tio n

by

O c c u p a tio n

and by

F a m ily

of
T yp e

C h ief

1

$500
to
$900

$900
to
$1,200

$1,200
to
$1,500

$1,500
to
$1,800

$1,800
to
$2,100

28
6
9
9
4

17
9
5
3
0
4
2
2
0
4
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
1

5
1
2
2
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
1
0
0

$2,100
an d
over

E a rn er

F a m ilie s in s u r v e y . . _________ ______ _____
N u m b e r o f fa m ilies in w h ich ch ief earner is—
C lerical w ork er_________________
__________
S k ille d w a g e earn er__________________________
S e m isk ille d w a g e earn er_____________________
U n sk ille d w a g e earner----------------------------------N u m b e r of fa m ilies com p osed of—
M a n an d w ife __ ____________________________
M a n , w ife, an d 1 ch ild 2______ _________ . _
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 ch ild ren 2 ________
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore ch ild ren 2 _____
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts (4 to
6 p e r so n s )2 ________________________________
M a n , w ife, a n d ch ild ren an d a d u lts (7 or
m ore p e r s o n s )2________________ . . .
M a n , w ife, an d 1 a d u lt______________ ____
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u lts__ . . . __ _ __
M a n , w ife, a n d 5 or m ore a d u lts____________
A d u lts (2 or 3 p erson s n o t in c lu d in g m an
an d w ife )--------------------------------- ---------------A d u lts (4 or m ore p erson s n o t in c lu d in g
m a n an d w ife )______________________ _____
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (2 or 3 per­
so n s n o t in c lu d in g m a n an d w ife )______
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (4 or m ore
p erson s n o t in c lu d in g m a n an d w ife )____
D istrib u tio n

In co m e le v e l— F a m ilies w ith an n u al n et in co m e of—

194
48
52
74
20
47
37
53
1
15
5
14
10
0
7
3
1
1

36
5
9
20
2
12
10
3
0
1
1
6
0
0
2
1

62

46

16
12
23
11
14
14
24
0
3
1
2
1
0
1
1

11
15
17
3
5
7
18
1
6
1
3
2
0
3
0

0
0

1
0

0
0

10
4
6
0
1
1
2
4
0
0
0
0
0

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

173
2
4
1
1
12

30
0
1
0
0
5

59
0
1
0
0
2

43
1
0
1
0
1

24
1
0
0
1
2

14
0
1
0
0
1

3
0
1
0
0
1

194
3. 67
33
0
5
15

36
2.95
2
0
0
3
2. 97
0.58
2. 39
2.74

62
3.78
11
0
1
5
3. 55
1.30
2.25
3. 22
0. 25

46
4.08
7
0
1
5
3. 96
1. 51
2.45
3.60

28
3. 56
11
0
3
1
3.24
0. 75
2.49
3.04
0.43

17
3.70
2
0
0
1
3.69
0.97
2. 72
3. 39
0.1 6

5
4.09
0
0
0
0
4.19
0.29
3.90
4.02
0

b y N a tiv ity o f H o m e m a k e r

N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g n o h o m e m a k er . _
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g h o m em a k er born
in —
U n ite d S ta te s . __________________ _ __ _ _
G e r m a n y _____________ ________ _ . . . _
P o la n d _____________________________________ _
C an ad a (n ot F ren ch ) _______________ _____
S w e d en . _______ _________________________
O th e r . _______________________________________
C o m p o sitio n

o f H o u seh o ld

N u m b e r of h o u seh o ld s ______________________
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u se h o ld ____
N u m b e r o f h o u seh o ld s w ith —
B oarders an d lo d g ers________________________
B oarders o n ly . ______________________________
L odgers o n ly __________________________________
O ther p erson s_________________________________
A verage size o f eco n o m ic fa m ily in —
P erson s _______________________ _________
U n d er 16 yea rs o f a g e ________ ______
16 years of age an d ov er____ _ _ _______
E x p en d itu re u n its . _ _ _ _ _ ______ _ _ _
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u seh old n o t
m em b ers o f eco n o m ic fa m ily ________________

3. 52
1.08
2.44
3. 23
0.21

0.05

0.1 6

1 “ C h ild ren ” are d efin ed as persons u n d er 16 years of age. “ A d u lts” are person s 16 yea rs of age an d over.
2 F a m ilies of th ese ty p e s w ere in clu d ed in th e 1917-19 stu d y , C ost of L iv in g in th e U n ite d S ta tes, B . L . S.
B u ll. N o . 357, 1924.
N o tes on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.




169

TABULAR SUMMARY
T a b l e 5 . — Description of families studied, by income level— Continued

G R A N D R A P I D S , M I C H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
In co m e le v e l— F a m ilies w ith an n u al n et in com e of—
Ite m

A ll
fam i­
lies

$900
to
$1,200

$1,200
to
$1,500

$1,500
to
$1,800

$1,800
to
$2,100

36
8
2
2
1
0
5
3
0
8
25
0

62
16
8
4
4
3
12
2
3
32

46
12
8
4
5
1
6
0
1
25
21
0

17
7
2
1
0
0
1
1
1
12

28
1

1.20

1.28

1.38

28
10
11
1
5
0
5
1
2
18
10
1
1.39

$500
to
$900

$2,100
an e
over

E a r n in g s a n d In c o m e

F a m ilie s in su r v e y _____________________________
194
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
E a rn in g s of su b sid ia ry earners_______ ____
58
N e t earnings from boarders an d lod gers___
32
O ther n e t r en ts_________________ ___________
13
In terest an d d iv id e n d s_____________ __ _
16
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n n u itie s___________
4
G ifts from persons o u tsid e eco n om ic fa m ily .
29
O ther sources of in c o m e , ____________ ___
7
D e d u ctio n s from in co m e (b u sin ess losses
an d e x p e n se s)---------------------------------------------8
S u rp lu s (n et in crease in a sse ts an d /or decrease in lia b ilitie s)_______________ __ ___
99
D e fic it (n et decrease in assets an d/or in ­
crease in lia b ilities)_______________ _________
90
2
In h erita n ce------------------------- --------------------------A verage n u m b er of gain fu l w orkers per fam ­
ily --------------------------------------- ----------- ----------------- 1. 36
A verage am o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in c o m e___________________________ $1, 256
E a rn in gs of in d iv id u a ls___________________ 1, 224
C h ief earner_______________________ ______ 1,110
S u b sid ia ry earners_______________________
114
M ales: 16 years an d ov er----------------------- 1,083
U n d er 16 y ea rs_______________ _
0
F em ales: 16 years an d o v er_____________
141
U n d er 16 yea rs________________
0
N e t earn in gs from boarders an d lod gers, _
17
O ther n e t r e n t s _________
_______
7
In terest an d d iv id en d s
_ ___ ____
2
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n n u itie s, ,_
4
G ifts from p erson s o u tsid e eco n om ic fam ­
6
ily ------------------------------------------------------------____
O ther sources of i n c o m e ______
1
D e d u ctio n s from in co m e (b u sin ess losses
an d ex p e n se s)____________________________
-5
S u rp lu s per fa m ily h a v in g su rp lu s (n et in ­
crease in a ssets an d /or d ecrease in lia b ili­
tie s )_________________________________________
119
D e fic it per fa m ily h a v in g d eficit (n et de­
crease in a ssets an d /or increase in lia b ili­
tie s)_________________________________________
173
N e t ch an ge in a ssets an d lia b ilitie s for all
-2 0
fam ilies in su r v e y ....................................................
1
In h erita n ce__________________________ _________
3 L ess th a n $0.50.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.




5
5
1
1
1
0
0
0
1

5
0
1.52

4
1
0
2.82

$767 $1,056 $1,347 $1, 597 $1,897
745 1,022 1,307 1, 547 1,890
716
980 1,222 1,383
1,583
29
42
85
307
164
633
967 1,168
1,385 1,606
0
0
0
0
0
112
55
162
284
139
0
0
0
0
0
5
17
21
39
6
8
6
2
9
8
2
1
2
0
(3)
0
8
6
0
0
3
12
8
8
(8)
1
1
0
2
(3)
-3
-7
0
-5
-7

$2,384
2,384
1,411
973
1, 564
0
820
0
4
4
12
0
0
0
-2 0

40

89

105

172

192

151

185
-1 1 9
0

237
-6 1
2

105
+9
0

169
+50
1

78
+113
0

50
+110
0

170

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

5. — Description of families studied, by income level— Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— W H IT E F A M I L IE S
In co m e lev el— F a m ilies w ith an n u al n et in co m e of—
A ll
fam i­
lies

Item

$500
to
$900

$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700
to
to
to
to
to
to
an d
$1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 over

Distribution by Occupation of Chief
Earner and by Family Type

1

F a m ilies in su r v e y .
_ _ _ _
N u m b e r of fam ilies in w h ich ch ief
earner is:
C lerical w ork er---------- -----------------S k illed w ag e earner ___
__ _ _
S em isk illed wTage earner _ _ _ _
U n sk ille d w ag e earner _ _ _ _ _ _ _
N u m b e r of fam ilies com p osed of—
M a n an d w ife________
M a n , w ife, an d 1 ch ild 2_______ __ _
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 ch ild ren 2_ _ _
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore ch ild ren 2_
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts
(4 to 6 persons) 2______ _ __ ___
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts
(7 or m ore persons) 2 ________ __
M a n , w ife, an d 1 a d u lt _ _ _ _ _ _
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u lts _
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore a d u lts—
A d u lts (2 or 3 p ersons n o t in c lu d ­
in g m a n an d w ife) _ ______ __ _ _
A d u lts (4 or m ore persons n o t in ­
clu d in g m a n an d w ife )_____ __
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (2 or
3 persons n o t in clu d in g m an an d
w ife) _
__ _ _
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (4 or
m ore persons n o t in clu d in g m an
an d w ife)

203

19

49

43

32

29

16

10

5

51
53
70
29
47
38
35
3

11
11
18
9
9
13
9
3
4

10
10
18
5
9
9
12
0
6

10

0
1
1
0
3
0

0
3
0
0
1
0

2
6
6
2
4
2
2
0
1
0
2
3
0
1
1

4
3
1
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
1
1
0
1
0

0
3
2
0
3
0
0
0

0
5
2
0
2
1

12
12
8
0
7
7
2
0
5
0
5
4
0
1
0

11
7
9
2
4
5
6
0

27
2
18
12
0
15
2

1
1
8
9
8
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0

0
0
1
1
0
0
0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

1

1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

194
1
3
1
1
3

18
0
1
0
0
0

47
1
1
0
0
0

43
0
0
0
0
0

30
0
1
0
0
1

27
0
0
0
0
2

15
0
0
1
0
0

9
0
0
0
1
0

5
0
0
0
0
0

203
3. 53
20
0
2
18
3. 42
0.94
2. 48
3.16

19
2. 72
3
0
1
0
2. 53
0.48
2.05
2. 33

49
3. 67
6
0
0
5
3. 57
1.21
2. 36
3.20

43
3. 48
0
0
0
4
3. 49
1. 21
2. 28
3. 20

32
3. 31
1
0
0
3
3. 28
0.60
2.68
3. 09

29
3.90
3
0
1
3
3. 72
1. 20
2. 52
3. 47

16
3. 43
1
0
0
2
3. 40
0.56
2. 84
3. 23

10
4. 70
5
0
0
0
4.15
0. 65
3. 50
3.91

5
2. 88
1
0
0
1
2.68
0
2. 68
2. 61

0.13

0. 20

0.14

(4)

0. 04

0. 22

0. 12

0. 56

0. 32

Distribution by Nativity of Home­
maker

N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g no h o m e­
m aker __ _
_____
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g h o m e­
m aker b orn in —
U n ite d S tates __
__ ___
I ta ly -- _ -__ _______
___ _
G erm a n y ___ _
_ _ __ ___
E n g la n d .__ ___ __ __ _ _ __
Irela n d — _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
O th e r ..
_ _ _ _ _ _ ___ ___
Composition of Household

N u m b e r of h o u se h o ld s.-- _______ _
A verage n u m b er of persons in
h o u seh o ld — ___ _ __ _ ______
N u m b e r of h o u seh old s w ith —
B oarders an d lodgers
_ _
B oarders only.. _
_ __ _
L odgers o n ly . _ __
__ _ _ _ _ _ _
O ther p erson s_________ _______ _
A verage size of eco n om ic fam ily in —
P erso n s____________
___ _ _____
U n d er 16 years of age __
16 years of age an d o v e r_____ __
E x p en d itu re u n its. _ _ _ __
A verage n u m b er of p ersons in h o u se­
h old n o t m em b ers of econ om ic
fa m ily — _ __ __ _ _ __ ___ __

1 “ C h ild ren ” are defin ed as persons u n d er 16 years of age. “ A d u lts” are persons 16 years of age an d over
2 F am ilies of th ese ty p e s w ere in clu d ed in th e 1917-18 stu d y , C ost of L iv in g in th e U n ite d S tates, B . L . S
B u ll. N o . 357, 1924.
4 L ess th an 0.005 person.
N o tes on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.




171

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

5. — Description of families studied, by income level-— Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
In com e le v e l— F a m ilies w ith an n u al n et in com e of—
Item

A ll
fam i­
lies

$500
to
$900

$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700
to
to
to
to
to
to
an d
$1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 over

E a rn in g s a n d In c o m e

F am ilies in su r v e y _______ ___________
203
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
E arn in gs of su b sid ia ry earn ers____
81
N e t earnings from boarders and
lodgers___ _
_____
_ _
21
O ther n et ren ts ____________ _ _ _ _
13
In terest an d d iv id e n d s .__ _
2
P en sio n s an d in su ran ce a n n u itie s.
7
G ifts from persons o u tsid e econom ic fa m ily _____ __
__
__ _
14
O ther sources of incom e___
_ __
6
D e d u ctio n s from in com e (b u sin ess
losses an d exp en ses)_____ ______
12
S u rp lu s (n et increase in assets
and/or decrease in lia b ilitie s)____
126
D eficit (n et decrease in assets
an d/or increase in lia b ilitie s)_____
73
2
In h e r ita n c e, __ ____ ____
A verage n u m b er of gain fu l w orkers
per fa m ily ___ __ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _
1.47
A verage a m o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in c o m e -. __ __ ___ _ $1, 523
E a rn in gs of in d iv id u a ls____ _____ 1, 486
C h ief e a r n e r ______ ___ __ _ 1,272
S u b sid iary earners.
_ ___ 214
M ales: 16 years an d o v er. __ _ 1, 232
U n d er 16 y e a r s ._ ___
(3)
F em ales: 16 years an d o v er___
254
U n d er 16 years ___
0
N e t earnings from boarders and
lo d g e r s _________________________
16
O ther n et r en ts___ ___
5
In terest an d d iv id e n d s. _ _
(3)
P en sion s an d in su ran ce an nuities__ ______ _______ __
10
G ifts from p ersons o u tsid e econ o­
m ic fa m ily ,
__ _
4
O ther sources of in com e ._ _ _ _
6
D e d u ctio n s from in com e (b u si­
ness losses an d expenses) _ _
-4
Su rp lu s per fam ily h a v in g su rp lu s
(n et increase in assets and/or de­
crease in liab ilities)
149
D e fic it per fam ily h a v in g d eficit
(n et decrease in assets an d/or in ­
crease in liab ilities) _ ___ __ _
147
N e t chan ge in assets an d liab ilities
for all fam ilies in su r v e y , _
+40
2
In h erita n ce _ ____________ _
3 L ess th a n $0.50.
N o tes on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.




19

49

4
4
0
1
0
1
0
2
10
7
0
1.21

10
6
3
0
1
3
1
2
29
19
0
1.33

43
20
0
1
0
0
4
1
4
25
18
2
1.44

32
13
1
1
0
1
3
0
3
19
12
0
1.47

29

16
10 * 13
1
3
1
4
1
0
1
2
1
0
1
3
0
1
12
18
11
4
0
0
1.34 2.06

10

5

7
5
3
0
2
2
0
0
9
1
0
1.90

4
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
1
0
2.00

$780 $1,055 $1, 337 $1, 669 $1, 912 $2, 239 $2, 544 $3,004
780 1,033 1, 336 1, 660 1,861 2,158 2, 221 2, 985
977 1,171 1, 515 1, 636 1,526 1, 539 2, 062
734
165
145
632
46
56
225
682
923
894 1, 111 1,527 1, 609 1, 629 1, 532 2, 191
557
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
(3)
223
139
225
133
529
252
689
794
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
25
14
0
4
11
5
146
19
2
0
1
4
23
3
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
(3)
(3)
0
0
0
2
31
4
128
0
2
2
0
7
1
40
0
(3)
1
1
0
0
14
46
0
0
-2 5
-1
-3
0
-4
0
-6
0
56

82

100

166

167

229

251

551

109
-1 0
0

94
+12
0

183
-1 8
7

193
+26
0

117
+60
0

198
+ 12 2
0

9
+ 22 5
0

566
+327
0

172

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T a b l e 5 . — Description

of families studied, by income level— Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— N E G R O F A M I L IE S

A ll fam ilies

It6IU

D istr ib u tio n

by

O c c u p a tio n

E a rn er and by

F a m ily

$500 to
$600

$600 to
$900

$900 to
$1,200

$1,200 to $1,500
$1,500 an d over

o f C h ief

T yp e

1

F a m ilie s in s u r v e y _______________ _________
N u m b e r o f fam ilies in w h ic h ch ief earner
is—
C lerical w ork er------------------------- - . . .
S k ille d w a g e earn er--------------------------------S e m isk ille d w a g e earn er___________ . _
U n sk ille d w ag e earn er----- ------- _
N u m b e r of fam ilies com p o sed of—
M a n an d w ife _____________________________
M a n , w ife, an d 1 c h i l d . . _____ ______
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 c h ild r en .. ------M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore ch ild ren --------M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts (4
to 6 p e r so n s)___________________________
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts (7
or m ore p e r so n s)------------------------------ M a n , w ife, an d 1 a d u lt ________ . .
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u lts____ __ . .
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore a d u lts---------A d u lts (2 or 3 p erson s n o t in clu d in g
m a n a n d w ife )----------- ----------------------A d u lts (4 or m ore p erson s n o t in clu d in g
m a n a n d w ife )__________________________
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (2 or 3
p erson s n o t in c lu d in g m a n an d w ife )..
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (4 or m ore
p erson s n o t in c lu d in g m a n an d w ife)..
D istr ib u tio n

In co m e le v e l— F a m ilie s w ith a n n u al n et in com e
of—

9

6

4
23

68

36

31

42

12

0
0
1
8

101

0
0
6

2
1
12

0

3

6

1
2
0
1
2
0

25
15

3
1
4

27
16
7
5

3

3

7
1

2

0

2
8
0

2

2
1
0
0

8

0

1

2*

3

2

6
10

0
0
0

3
4

0

0
0
0
0

2
1
2
0

1
1
0
0
0

12

19

4

4

2
0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

2

0

1

1

0

0

b y N a tiv ity o f H o m e m a k e r

N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g n o h o m em a k er.
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g h om em a k er
born in U n ite d S ta te s-------------- ----------C o m p o sitio n

0

0

0

0

0

0

101

9

31

42

12

7

101

9
3.29

31
3.05

42
3.6 2

12

7
5. 53

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

1
0
2
0

3.29
1.40
1. 89

2.86

3.07
.91
2.16
2.73

0

0

3.58
1. 21
2. 37
3.24
0.0 4

o f H o u s eh o ld

N u m b e r of h o u se h o ld s___
. . . ______
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u seh o ld ..
N u m b e r of h o u seh o ld s w ith —
B oard ers an d lo d g ers____________ ______
B oarders o n l y ..------- ------------------ -------L od gers o n ly ____________________________
O ther p erso n s___________________ _______
A verage size of eco n o m ic fa m ily in —
P er so n s____________________________________
U n d er 16 y ea rs of a g e_________ _. .
16 years of age an d o v e r_______________
E x p en d itu r e u n its -----------------------------------A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u seh old
n o t m em b ers of eco n om ic fa m ily ________

3.70
5
0
3

1

3.63
1. 21
2. 42
3.26
0.08

4.9 2
4

0
1
0

4. 42
1. 37
3.05
3. 97
0. 49

0
0
0
1

5. 51
2.08
3.43
4. 98
0.02

“ C h ild ren ” are d efin ed as p erson s u n d er 16 years of age. “ A d u lts” are p erson s 16 y ea rs of age an d over.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 380.

1




173

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

5 . — D e s c r i p t i o n o f f a m i l i e s s t u d i e d , b y i n c o m e level — Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— N E G R O F A M I L I E S — C on tin u ed

Ite m

A ll fam ilies

In com e le v e l— F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et in com e
of—
$500 to
$600

$600 tc
$900

$900 to
$1,200

$1,200 to $1,500
$1,500 an d over

E a r n in g s a n d In c o m e

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ------------------ ---------------N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
E a rn in g s of su b sid ia r y earners__________
N e t e a rn in gs from b oarders an d lo d g ers.
O th er n e t r e n ts____________________ __ . _
In te re st an d d iv id e n d s. --------- ------------P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n n u itie s_______
G ifts from p erson s o u tsid e eco n om ic
fa m ily ___ ________________ ___________
O ther sou rces of in c o m e -------------------------D e d u c tio n s from in co m e (b u sin ess
lo sses an d e x p e n se s)------------- ------------S u rp lu s (n et in crease in assets an d /or
decrease in lia b ilitie s )____________ __
D e fic it (n et d ecrease in assets an d/or
in crea se in lia b ilitie s ). ________ __ . _
I n h e r ita n c e _________________ . . . -------A verage n u m b er of g a in fu l w ork ers per
fa m ily _________________________ _________
A verage a m o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in c o m e _______________________
E a rn in g s of in d iv id u a ls___ . . . ._
C h ief earner________ . ------------ .
S u b sid ia ry ea rn ers. _. __ -----------M a les: 16 years an d o v er_______
U n d er 16 y e a r s .. _______ __
F em a les: 16 yea rs an d o v e r .__
U n d er 16 years __ _ . . .
N e t earn in gs from boarders an d
lo d g e r s ________________________ ____
O ther n e t ren ts____________ __ . . __ _
In terest an d d iv id e n d s---------------- .
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n n u itie s_____
G ifts from p erson s o u tsid e eco n om ic
f a m ily _______________ . . -------------O ther sou rces of in c o m e _______________
D e d u ctio n s from in co m e (b u sin ess
losses an d exp en ses) _ -------------S u rp lu s per fa m ily h a v in g su r p lu s (n et
in crease in a ssets an d /or decrease in
lia b ilit ie s ) ________ ___________ . . .
D e fic it per fa m ily h a v in g d eficit (n et
decrease in assets an d/or increase in
lia b ilit ie s ) ._________________ ._ . . .
N e t ch an ge in a ssets an d lia b ilitie s for
all fam ilies in su r v e y _____________ _ _
In h e r ita n c e____ . . . .
_ ________ __
2 L ess th a n $0.50.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 380.




101
39
7
0
0
7
4
6

9
1
0
0
0
0
0
1

31
10
0
0
0
4

42

0
2

19
3
0
0
1
1
2

0
79
21
0
1.54

0
6
3
0
1.11

0
27
4
0
1. 39

0
29
12
0
1. 57

$990
974
886
88
894
2
77
1
6
0
0
4
1
5
0

$552
551
531
20
448
0
103
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0

$775
761
701
60
703
0
57
1
0
0
0
8
0
6
0

$1,024
1,015
946
69
939
0
75
1
3
0
0
2
4
0

$1, 309
1,250
1,158
92
1,189
0
61
0
42
0
0
(2)
8
9
0

76

44

46

105

57

130

68
+46
0

16
+22
0

37
+35
0

91
+46
0

57
+38
0

0
+130
0

(2)

12
5
4
0
0
1
2
1
0
10
2
0
1. 67

7
4
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
7
0
0
2.43
$1, 748
1,746
1,339
407
1, 546
24
176
0
0
0
0
2
(2)

0
0

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

174
T

able

5 . — -D e s c r i p t i o n

o f f a m i l i e s s t u d i e d , b y i n c o m e level — Continued

L A N S I N G , M I C H .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S
In co m e le v e l— F a m ilies w ith an n u al n et
in co m e of—
Item

A ll
fa m ilies

$600
to
$900

$900
to
$1,200

$1,200
to
$1,500

$1,500
to
$1,800

$1,800
to
$2,100

22
10
6
6
0
9
6
4
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0

6
4
2
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
0

$2,100
an d
over

Distribution by Occupation of Chief Earner
and by Family Type i

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
N u m b e r of fam ilies in w h ic h ch ief earner is—
C lerical w ork er. __ __________ _______ __
S k illed w ag e earn er_____
_ _
_ __ __
S em isk illed w ag e earner __ __ _______ __
U n sk ille d w ag e earner
_______
N u m b e r of fam ilies com p o sed of—
M a n a n d w if e .. _ _ ___
__ __ _ __
M a n , w ife, an d 1 c h ild ___ _ _ _ _ _ _____
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 ch ild ren _ _ ____
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore ch ild ren ___
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts (4 to 6
p e r so n s). _ ___ _ _________ _____ _
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d a d u lts (7 or
m ore p erso n s)_____
__
__ _
M a n , w ife, an d 1 ad ult__ __ __ _ _ _
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u l t s _______ _ _
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore a d u lts
A d u lts (2 or 3 persons, n o t in c lu d in g m an
an d w ife ). _ ___
_____
A d u lts (4 or m ore persons, n o t in clu d in g
m a n an d w ife) _ ________ ______ ________
A d u lt or ad u lts an d children (2 or 3 per­
sons n o t in clu d in g m an an d w ife) _ _____
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (4 or m ore
p erson s n o t in c lu d in g m a n an d w ife )____

145
41
48
44
12
41
27
35
1
18
2
6
2
0
8
1
1
3

14
3
3
6
2
5
2
1
0
2
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
0

34
9
4
16
5
7
6
15
0
3
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1

37
9
15
9
4

0
1

32
6
18
7
1
13
6
4
0
4
0
3
0
0
1
0
0
1

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

135
3
1
2
3

14
0
0
0
0

34
0
0
0
0

31
1
0
1
3

30
0
1
1
0

21
1
0
0
0

5
1
0
0
0

145
3. 57
22
2
9
12
3. 37
1.11
2.26
3.10
0. 25

14
2. 53
1
0
0
1
2. 49
0.35
2.14
2. 32
0.09

34
3. 76
5
0
3
3
3. 55
1.35
2.20
3.20
0. 22

37
4.11
4
2
3
4
3.89
1.52
2. 37
3. 56
0.27

32
3. 63
7
0
3
2
3. 25
1.00
2. 25
3.01
0.46

22
2.88
3
0
0
1
2. 79
0. 74
2.05
2.60
0.12

6
4.20
2
0
0
1
3.99
0.87
3.12
3. 77
0.32

7
7
10
1
7
2
1
0
0
1
0

Distribution by Nativity of Homemaker

N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g no h o m em a k er. __
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g h om em a k er born
in —
U n ite d S ta tes. _
____
G e r m a n y --------- _ __
______
P o la n d _ __ _ ___________________ __ _ _
C an a d a (n ot F r e n c h )__________ __ _ _ _
O ther _ _ ------- _ _
Composition of Household

N u m b e r of h o u seh o ld s______
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u seh old —
N u m b e r of h o u seh old s w ith —
B oarders an d lod gers___ ___________
B oarders o n ly . _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ ___ __
L odgers o n ly _____
___ ________ _ __
O ther p erso n s. __ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _______
A verage size of eco n om ic fa m ily in —
P erson s _ ________ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
U n d er 16 years of age _ _ _ _ _
16 years of age an d over_
_ _ _ ____
E x p en d itu re u n its._ _ ____________ _ ___ _
A verage n u m b er of persons in h ou seh old n o t
m em b ers of eco n om ic fa m ily .— _ _ __

1 “ C h ild ren ” are defin ed as p ersons u nder 16 years of age. “ A d u lts” are p erson s 16 years of age an d over.
N o tes in th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.




175

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

5 . — D e s c r i p t i o n o f f a m i l i e s s t u d ie d , b y i n c o m e level — Continued

L A N S I N G , M IC H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u e d
In co m e le v e l— F a m ilies w ith an n u al n et
in com e of—
A ll
fa m ilie s

Item

E a r n in g s an d

$900
to
$1,200

$1,200
to
$1,500

$1,500
to
$1,800

$1,800
to
$2,100

34
11
7
1
0
0
2
0
2

37
8
7
2
2
1
1
1
2

32
10
10
1
1
0
1
1
2

23
10
1
1.36

20
15
1
1.11

24
5
0
1.25

22
5
2
4
1
0
2
0
1
12
9
1
1. 24

4
2
1
1.11

$782 $1, 064 $1,318 $1, 592 $1, 829
758 1,032
1,289
1, 540 1, 791
742 1,000
1,262
1,455 1,663
32
16
27
85
128
930 1,267
1, 434 1,562
557
1
0
0
0
0
22
201
101
106
229
0
0
0
0
0
25
54
17
28
13
2
2
2
5
30
0
3
1
0
(2)
0
6
0
0
0
2
1
1
5
3
0
0
3
0
(2)
-1 1
0
-9
-8
(2)

$2, 526
2, 472
1,635
837
1,916
0
556
0
30
0
20
0
5
0
-1

$2,100
and
over

In com e

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ___________
_________
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
E a rn in g s of su b sid ia r y earners-------------N e t earn in gs from boarders an d lod gers___
O ther n et ren ts. .
. . . . ------ _
In terest a n d d iv id e n d s___________ _ ___
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n n u itie s. _ _ __
G ifts from persons o u tsid e eco n om ic fa m ily .
O ther sources of in c o m e____ . . . .
D e d u c tio n s from in com e (b u sin ess losses
an d ex p e n se s)____ . . . . . . _
S u rp lu s (n et increase in a ssets an d/or d e­
crease in lia b ilities) _ ------ . . .
D e fic it (n et decrease in a ssets an d /or in ­
crease in lia b ilities) _ _
_ _
In h erita n ce ___ .
____ _
-----A verage n u m b er of ga in fu l w orkers per
f a m ily -----------------------------------------------------------A verage am o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in co m e.
______
E a rn in gs of in d iv id u a ls. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
C h ief earner _ _ _ _ _
_ _
S u b sid iary earners
M ales: 16 years an d over __
_ __ __
U n d er 16 years __ _
F em a les: 16 years an d over _
U n d er 16 yea rs __ ______ _
N e t earnings from boarders an d lod gers. _
O ther n et ren ts ____ _ _ ____________ _
In terest an d d iv id e n d s____ _ _
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n n u ities
G ifts from p erson s o u tsid e econ om ic
fam ily_ _________
__ __ __
O ther sources of in c o m e ____
D e d u ctio n s from in co m e (b u sin ess losses
an d expenses) _ _ _ ______ __
_____
S u rp lu s per fa m ily h a v in g su rp lu s (net
increase in assets an d /or decrease in lia ­
b ilitie s)_ ___ _ __ _ _ _ -----------------D e fic it per fa m ily h a v in g deficit (n et d e­
crease in assets an d /or increase in lia ­
b ilitie s). _ ______
__
N e t change in assets an d lia b ilitie s for all
fam ilies in su r v e y ____
In h erita n ce___ ______ _ _ _ _

145
46
29
9
5
1
10
2
8
89
48
4
1.28
$1,395
1,357
1,269
88
1, 227
(2)
130
0
30
7
2
2
2
1
-6

2 L ess th an $0.50.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.




$600
to
$900

14
6
1
1
0
0
3
0
0
6
7
0
1.19

6
6
2
0
1
0
1
0
1

157

io2

69

122

221

246

274

171
+40
2

112
-1 2

148
+3
(2)

199
-1 5
3

124
+146
0

229
+41
3

147
+134
18

0

176

BAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

5 . — D e s c r i p t i o n o f f a m i l i e s s t u d i e d , b y i n c o m e level — Continued

able

M I L W A U K E E , W IS .— W H IT E F A M I L IE S
In com e le v e l— F a m ilie s w ith a n n u al n e t in co m e of—
Item

D istrib u tio n b y

A ll
fam i­
lies

$600
to
$900

$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700
to
to
to
to
to
to
an d
$1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 over

O c c u p a tio n o f C h ie f

T yp e 1
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ________________ __
N u m b e r o f fam ilies in w h ich chief
earner is—
C lerical w ork er_________________ __
S k illed w ag e earn er______________ __
S em isk illed w a g e earn er. ____
U n sk ille d w a g e e a r n e r ________ __
N u m b e r of fam ilies com p o sed of:
M a n an d w ife_________ ______
M a n , w ife, an d 1 c h ild 2_______ __
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 ch ild ren 2 __
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore ch ild ren 2.
M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d
a d u lts (4 to 6 persons) 2_ ------M a n , w ife, an d ch ild ren an d
a d u lts (7 or m ore persons) 2____
M a n , w ife, an d 1 a d u l t _____ ____
M a n , w ife, an d 2 to 4 a d u lts_______
M a n , w ife, an d 5 or m ore a d u lts ..A d u lts (2 or 3 persons n o t in c lu d ­
in g m a n an d w ife )________________
A d u lts (4 or m ore persons n o t in ­
clu d in g m a n a n d w ife )___________
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (2 or
3 p erson s n o t in c lu d in g m a n an d
w ife )______ ______________________ _
A d u lt or a d u lts an d ch ild ren (4 or
m ore p erson s n o t in clu d in g m an
an d w ife )___________________ . . _
E a rn er a n d b y F a m ily

D istr ib u tio n

446

14

79

114

125

75

22

9

8

100
136
155
55
110
86
102
7
47
13
33
19
0
15
6

3
2
2
7
6
2
1
0
0
0
2
0
0
3
0

13
18
31
17
23
14
25
0
8
0
1
1
0
4
1

25
34
41
14
25
22
29
0
6
3
13
6
0
5
2

28
45
44
8
32
26
28
4
13
4
9
4
0
2
1

21
23
24
7
16
15
15
3
13
2
6
3
0
1
0

5
9
7
1
2
6
1
0
6
3
1
2
0
0
1

1
3
4
1
1
1
2
0
1
1
0
3
0
0
0

4
2
2
0
5
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1

4

0

2

2

0

0

0

0

0

4

0

0

1

2

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

333
3
40 •
21
4
6
2
3
33

11
0
2
1
0
0
0
0
0

57
1
5
4
1
1
1
1
8

82
2
12
2
2
3
0
1
9

94
0
12
8
1
1
0
1
8

62
0
4
1
0
1
1
0
6

16
0
2
4
0
0
0
0
0

6
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1

5
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
1

446
3. 73
61
4
8
22
3.54
1.09
2.45
3.24

14
2. 57
1
0
0
1
2.43
.29
2.14
2.25

79
3.49
11
1
0
1
3.33
1.11
2.22
3.01

114
3.60
16
0
5
5
3.39
.99
2.40
3.08

125
3. 71
16
2
1
5
3.55
1.14
2.41
3.25

75
4.00
10
1
1
4
3.86
1. 35
2. 51
3.53

22
4.85
4
0
1
3
4. 57
1.18
3.3 9
4.2 8

9
4. 75
2
0
0
1
4.4 4
1.11
3. 33
4.2 0

8
3. 21
1
0
0
2
2.84
.41
2.43
2.75

0.20

0.14

0.17

0.22

0.17

0.20

0.3 2

0.3 3

0.37

b y N a tiv ity o f

H om em aker

N u m b e r o f fam ilies h a v in g no h o m e­
m ak er _____________ ____________ _
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g h o m e­
m ak er born in —
U n ite d S ta te s. _ . . . _ . . . . . . _
Ita ly __________________________________
G e r m a n y ______________ _______ __
P o la n d ___ _____ __ ____________
R u ssia _____ __ . . . __ _______ __
C an ad a (n ot F re n c h )____________ __
E n g la n d _____ _______ _ _________
S w e d en _________ __ . . . __ __
O th er. _________________ ______
C o m p o sitio n

o f H o u s eh o ld

N u m b e r o f h o u se h o ld s_______________
A verage n u m b er of p ersons in
h o u se h o ld . _
N u m b e r o f h o u seh old s w ith —
B oarders an d lod gers________
B oarders o n ly _______________________
L odgers o n ly ________ __ ___
O ther p erson s_____________________ .
A verage size o f eco n om ic fa m ily in —
P erso n s____ ________
_________ ,
U n d er 16 years of age___ _____ ___
16 years o f age an d o v e r _________
E x p en d itu re u n its___________ ______
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u se­
h o ld n o t m em b ers of eco n om ic
f a m i l y . . . ________ ___________________

1 “ C h ild ren ” are d efin ed as persons u n d er 16 years of age. “ A d u lts” are persons 16 years of age an d over.
2 F a m ilies o f th ese ty p e s w ere in clu d ed in th e 1917-18 stu d y , C ost of L iv in g in th e U n ite d S ta tes, B . L . S.
B u ll N o . 357, 1924.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.




TABULAR SUMMARY
T able 5.—

177

D e s c r i p t i o n o f f a m i l i e s s t u d i e d , b y i n c o m e level — Continued

M I L W A U K E E , W I S — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
In co m e le v e l— F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n e t in co m e of—
Ite m

A ll
fam i­
lies

$600
to
$900

$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700
to
to
to
to
to
to
an d
$1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 over

E a r n in g s a n d In c o m e

F am ilies in su r v e y ____________________
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
E a rn in gs o f su b sid ia ry earn ers___
N e t earn in gs from boarders an d
lod gers_____________________________
O ther n et ren ts_____________________
In terest an d d iv id e n d s_____________
P en sio n s an d in su ra n ce a n n u itie s ..
G ifts from persons o u tsid e econom ic fa m ily _______________ __________
O ther sources o f in c o m e _________
D e d u ctio n s from in co m e (b u sin ess
losses an d e x p e n se s)_____________
S u rp lu s (n et increase in a ssets an d /
or decrease in lia b ilitie s)_________
D e fic it (n et decrease in assets
an d /or increase in lia b ilitie s)___ In h e r ita n c e _____ _______ ____________
A verage n u m b er of ga in fu l w orkers
per fa m ily _________ _____ ____________
A verage am o u n t of—
N e t fa m ily in c o m e __________________
E a rn in gs of in d iv id u a ls_________
C h ief e a r n e r ___________ ____
S u b sid ia ry earn ers_____________
M ales: 16 years an d o v e r.
U n d er 16 y e a rs. ______
F em a les: 16 years an d o v er—
U n d er 16 years . . .
N e t earn in gs from boarders an d
lod gers_________________________
O ther n e t r en ts_________ ____
In terest an d d iv id e n d s_________
P en sion s an d in su ra n ce a n n u ­
itie s______________________________
G ifts from persons o u tsid e
eco n om ic fa m ily ___________ __
O ther sources of in c o m e ._ . . .
D e d u ctio n s from in co m e (b u si­
n ess losses an d e x p e n s e s ) _____
S u rp lu s per fam ily h a v in g su rp lu s
(n et increase in assets and/or
decrease in lia b ilitie s). . . _______
D e fic it per fa m ily h a v in g d eficit
(n et decrease in assets and/or
increase in lia b ilitie s)____________
N e t ch an ge in assets an d liab ilities
for all fam ilies in s u r v e y . . . _____
In h erita n ce____________ . . . _____

446
124
63
51
35
17
21
8
25
264
168
4
1.32
$1, 555
1,503
1, 371
132
1,344
(3)
159
0
27
14
2
8
3
1
-3

1
1
1
0
0
0
3
5
8
3
1.14

79
7
9
8
4
2
2
2
0
42

114
22
19
10
11
3
4
1
8
66
45
0
1.21

125
35
17
13
7
4

22
17
4
5
2
0
1
1
2

9
5
2
1
2
2

8
6
1
1
2
1
1
1
2

16
6
0

0
0
0
6
3
0

2.00

1.78

6
2
0
1.75

$809 $1,068 $1, 346 $1, 640 $1, 917 $2, 239 $2, 557
808 1,031 1,303 1,594 1,846 2,191 2,421
790 1,018 1, 253 1,487 1, 642 1,567 2,058
204
624
18
13
50
107
363
644
938 1,237 1,471 1, 648 1, 525 2,035
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
164
122
198
93
66
666
386
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
24
1
16
32
39
29
29
12
3
12
10
23
13
38
2
2
25
1
3
1
(3)
4
0
44
0
7
3
7
2
1
5
5
1
0
0
2
4
0
1
0
(3)
(3)
-1
-1
0
-4
0
-6
-7

$2,964
2,709
1,909
800
2,021
0
688
0
42
35
7
150
2
22
-3

31
0
1.09

7
1
5

75
30
10
12
6
5
6
2
5
45
28
1
1.44

78
45
0
1.32

150

241

92

84

132

236

197

130

675

203
+12
5

93
+33
116

137
-5
0

215
-3 6
0

221
+3
0

217
+60
11

148
+103
0

327
-2 3
0

742
+321
0

3 L ess th a n $0.50.
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p.380




14
2

178

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

6. —

E x p e n d i t u r e s f o r g r o u p s o f i t e m s , b y i n c o m e level

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S
In co m e le v e l— F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et in co m e of—
Item

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

A ll
fam i­
lies

$500
to
$900

$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700
to
to
to
to
to
to
and
$1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 over

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

352
F a m ilie s in su r v e y . _ . . .
A verage fa m ily size:
3.37
P erso n s ______ - E x p en d itu r e u n its _ ^----------------------F o o d exp en d itu re u n its
--------- 2. 89
C lo th in g exp en d itu re u n its ___ . . .
2. 70
A v erage an n u a l cu rren t ex p en d itu re
for—
$1, 519
A ll ite m s ---------- - -------------544
F o o d ___ . . . . . . . . . . .
158
C lo th in g .. .
._ . .
239
H o u sin g . . . .
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration ____
91
O ther h o u seh o ld o p e r a tio n .. _ _
50
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t_____
77
T ra n sp o rta tio n __ _ _ ----------131
29
P erso n al care.
52
M e d ic a l care
86
R ecreation
...
E d u c a tio n _
6
V o ca tio n
_ _
7
18
C o m m u n ity w elfare _
G ifts an d c o n trib u tio n s to per­
so n s o u tsid e th e eco n om ic
23
fa m ily _ ---------------------8
O ther ite m s.
P ercen ta ge of to ta l a n n u a l cu rren t ex ­
p e n d itu re for—
A ll it e m s .. . _. - - - - - _ _ _ 100.0
35.8
F o o d _______
10.4
C lo th in g _______
H o u s i n g _____ .._ _ . .
- 15. 7
6.0
F u el, lig h t, an d refrig era tio n ____
O ther h o u se h o ld op eration !
3 .3
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t..
5.1
T ra n sp o rta tio n ______ __
8 .6
P erso n al care___ _____ _ . .
1.9
M ed ica l care _ _ _ _ _
3. 4
R ecreation _ _ _ __
5 .7
E d u c a tio n
__ __ _ _ _ _ -----.4
V o ca tio n
_
_ __
.5
C o m m u n ity w elfare. _ _
1.2
G ifts an d c o n trib u tio n s to p er­
sons o u tsid e th e eco n om ic
fa m ily
__ _
1.5
.5
O ther ite m s, _ _ _ __ _

36
2. 68
2. 47
2. 30
2.15

83
3. 30
2. 98
2. 76
2. 57

68
3. 33
3.07
2.88
2. 68

48
3.88
3. 58
3. 35
3.11

26
3.60
3.41
3.24
3.13

8
4. 56
4.31
4.03
3.91

10
5.20
4. 97
4. 66
4.85

$901 $1,065 $1, 360 $1, 656 $1, 894 $2,096 $2, 339 $3, 488
421
338
507
565
650
757
784 1,087
95
132
80
165
217
218
261
547
224
157
267
191
251
336
456
309
62
75
87
94
114
109
134
133
35
27
41
58
58
69
110
136
65
50
68
100
111
54
94
141
64
50
117
142
169
237
174
457
16
19
24
32
36
40
33
95
34
29
43
70
77
57
54
76
52
53
71
91
107
134
189
250
1
1
5
7
16
9
5
5
2
3
6
12
12
9
14
5
6
11
14
20
27
26
32
57
6
9

8
6

18
3

30
3

40
17

20
13

42
66

81
0

100.0
37.5
8 .9
17.4
6.9
3 .0
7.2
5.5
1.8
3. 2
5.9
.1
.2
.7

100.0
39. 5
8.9
17.9
7 .0
3 .3
4 .7
6.0
1.8
3. 2
4 .9
.1
.3
1.0

100.0
37.3
9 .7
16.5
6.4
3.0
5 .0
8 .6
1.8
3. 2
5 .2
.4
.4
1.0

100.0
34.2
10.0
16.1
5.7
3 .5
6 .0
8 .6
1.9
4. 2
5 .5
.4
.7
1.2

100.0
34.3
11. 5
13.2
5.8
3.1
5.9
8 .9
1.9
4. 1
5.6
.8
.5
1.4

100.0
36.2
10.4
16.0
5.4
3 .3
2 .6
11.3
1.9
2. 7
6.4
.4
.6
1.2

100.0
33.6
11.2
13.2
5.7
4 .7
6 .0
7 .4
1.4
2. 3
8 .1
_2
1.4

100.0
31.2
15.7
13. 1
3 .8
3 .9
2 .7
13.1
2 .7
2. 2
7 .2
.1
.4
1.6

.7
1.0

.8
.6

1.3
.2

1.8
.2

2. 1
.9

1.0
.6

1.8
2 .8

2 .3
0

N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.




73
3. 02
2.72
2. 53
2.31

.2

179

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

6 .—

E x p e n d i t u r e s f o r g r o u p s o f i t e m s , b y in c o m e lev el — Continued

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S

A ll fam ­
ilies

Ite m

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

$500 to
$900

$900 to
$1,200

$1,200 to $1,500 an d
$1,500
over

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

F a m ilie s in su r v e y _____ __
_
A verage fa m ily size:
P erso n s __ _ _ _ _ _
___

__

___

F o o d exp en d itu re u n its _____
A verage an n u al cu rren t exp en d itu re for—
A ll item s _ ________ _ _
_____ _ _
F o o d _ _ _ _ ___
______
C lo th in g .. _ _____
_____ __
H o u sin g
_____ __
_____
____
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration
O ther h o u seh old op eration _
___
___
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t __ _ _
T r a n s p o r ta tio n _____
____
_________ __
P erso n al care
_ _
___ _____
M ed ica l care
______
_____
R ecreation _ ____ _
________
E d u c a tio n _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
__
V ocation
________
__
C o m m u n ity w elfare _
__
_ _ _
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to p erson s ou tsid e th e
eco n o m ic fa m ily __ _
O ther item s
____
____
P ercen ta ge of to ta l an n u al current exp en d itu re for—
A ll item s _ _ _ _______ _ _
___
_ _
F o o d __ __ __
______ __
___
C lo th in g __ _ _
__ _______ ______ __
H o u sin g
_ __ _ __ _ __ _____
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration
_ _ _ _ __ __
O ther h o u seh old op eration _
F u rn ish in g s an d eq u ip m e n t
_
______
__ _ _ _
T ra n sp o rta tio n _ _______
P erso n al care
___
__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
M ed ica l care __ _______ _______
___
_ _
R ecreation _ ______ ____
____
__
_ _
E d u c a tio n
_
_____
__
V ocation
_ _ _
_ _
C o m m u n ity w elfare
_ __ _
_ _
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to persons o u tsid e th e
econ om ic fa m ily _ _
_
_ _
O ther item s
_ ____
1 L ess th an $0.50.
2 L ess th a n 0.05 p ercen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 380.




In co m e le v e l— F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et
in com e of—

100
3. 37
3. 05
2. 85
2.63

34
3.00
2. 71
2. 54
2. 32

47
3.48
3.14
2. 95
2. 73

12
3. 55
3.30
3.08
2. 81

7
4.11
3. 62
3.3 7
3.20

$988
376
100
172
87
31
45
55
19
28
42
5
2
12
11
3

$736
316
64
135
71
17
26
25
15
14
32
0)
1
9
4
7

$1, 021
377
97
177
91
38
52
57
20
31
48
1
1
13
17
1

$1, 261
420
154
208
102
29
77
118
20
52
44
2
2
18
15
C1)

$1, 534
589
196
256
108
58
35
75
25
41
48
66
11
13
13
0

100.0
38.1
10.1
17.4
8. 8
3.1
4. 6
5 .6
1. 9
2.8
4.3
.5
.2
1.2
1.1
.3

100.0
43 .0
8 .7
18.4
9. 7
2.3
3 .5
3 .4
2. 0
1.9
4 .3
(2)
.1
1.2
.5
1.0

100.0
36.9
9.5
17.3
8. 9
3 .7
5.1
5 .6
2. 0
3 .0
4 .7
.1
.1
1.3
1.7
.1

100.0
33.3
12.2
16.4
8. 1
2.3
6.1
9.4
1. 6
4.1
3.5
.2
.2
1.4
1.2
(2)

100.0
38.4
12.8
16. 7
7. 1
3 .8
2. 3
4 .9
1. 6
2. 7
3.1
4. 3
.7
.8
.8
0

180

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

6 .—

E x p e n d i t u r e s f o r g r o u p s o f i t e m s , b y i n c o m e level — Continued

C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L IE S
In co m e le v e l— F a m ilie s w ith a n n u a l n e t in co m e of—
Item

A ll
fam i­
lies

$500 $900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 $3,000
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
an d
$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 $3,000 ov er

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r G r o u p s o f I te m s

490
F a m ilies in su r v e y ______________
A verage fa m ily size:
3.46
P erso n s____ ________ __
E x p en d itu r e u n its _______ _____ 3.17
F o o d exp en d itu re u n its _______ 2.94
C lo th in g exp en d itu re u n it s - -. 2. 79
A vera g e a n n u a l cu rren t ex­
p en d itu re for—
$1, 642
A ll ite m s ----------- ------------531
F o o d ________ _______ __ --_
C lo th in g _____ _ _______ _ 180
257
H o u sin g ________________
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigera­
108tio n __________________ ____
57
O th er h o u seh o ld o p e r a tio n ._
79
F u rn ish in g s a n d eq u ip m en t.
T r a n sp o r ta tio n _______ _ __
168
30
P erso n al care_______________
67
M e d ic a l care___________ _____
88
R e cr e a tio n . _____ __ __ _
10
E d u c a tio n _____________
9
V o c a tio n ____ _______ __
18
C o m m u n ity w e lfa r e .. . ___
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to
p erson s o u tsid e th e eco­
30
n o m ic fa m ily ______ __ _.
10
O ther ite m s ________ __ __ _

18
3.0 8
2.83
2.59
2.3 9

78
3.01
2.72
2.48
2.44

116
3.47
3.15
2. 92
2.73

97
3.56
3. 30
3. 09
2.93

28
4.36
4. 05
3. 71
3.60

13
3. 30
3. 06
2.83
2.70

7
4. 72
4. 52
4. 30
4.44

9
4.21
4.02
3.78
4.01

$905 $1,143 $1,438 $1,628 $1,925 $2,194 $2, 654 $2,863 $3,199
317
413
594
488
528
671
715
826
998
82
112
176
151
218
282
239
436
410
157
197
235
266
302
297
404
320
298
88
86
100
117
112
139
118
152
139
24
40
48
53
71
71
125
91
94
41
37
65
79
92
125
207
131
204
53
82
129
243
154
246
304
363
453
14
21
29
26
37
38
36
54
68
40
55
57
74
66
81
123
115
124
31
59
75
90
99
138
139
160
175
1
2
8
10
14
19
23
28
7
4
4
10
20
7
8
37
13
13
8
12
14
19
21
22
25
41
59
5
42

20
1

P ercen ta ge o f to ta l a n n u a l cur­
ren t exp e n d itu re for—
A ll ite m s _______ _______ __ . 100.0 100.0 100.0
36.2
F o o d __ . . . ___________ . . . 32.3 35.1
9 .8
C lo th in g _____________________ 11.0 9.1
H o u s in g ________ _____ ______ 15.7 17.3 17.3
F u e l, lig h t, an d refrigera­
6.6 9 .5
7 .7
tio n _____ . . . _. _______
O ther h o u seh o ld o p e r a tio n .. 3 .5 2 .7
3 .5
F u rn ish in g s an d eq u ip ­
4 .8 4 .5
3 .2
m e n t. ___________________ .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n ... _ _______ 10.2 5 .9
7 .2
1.8 1.5
1.8
P erso n al care________________
4.1 4.4
4 .8
M e d ic a l care_________________
5.4 3 .4
5 .2
R e cr e a tio n __________________
.6
.1
.2
E d u c a tio n ___________________
.5
.3
V o c a tio n ______ ______________
.4
1.1
.9
1 .0
C o m m u n ity w elfa re________
G ifts a n d con trib u tio n s to
p erson s o u tsid e th e eco­
1.8
.6
1.7
n o m ic fa m ily ______________
.1
.6 4 .6
O ther ite m s__________________
1 L ess th an 0.05 p ercen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 380.




124
3.41
3.11
2.86
2.67

20
15

27
3

39
2

41
4

68
91

58
75

156
1

100.0
33.9
10.5
16.3
7 .0
3.3
4 .5
9 .0
1.8
4 .0
5 .2
.6
.5
1 .0

100.0
32.4
10.8
16.3
6.9
3 .3
4 .9
9 .4
1.8
4 .5
5.5
.6
.5
1.2

100.0
30.9
11.3
15.7
6.1
3 .7
4 .8
12.7
1.9
3 .4
5.1
.7
.5
1.1

100.0
30.6
12.9
13.5
6.3
3 .2
5 .7
11.2
1.7
3 .7
6 .3
.9
.9
1.0

100.0
27.0
9 .0
15.2
4 .4
4 .7
7 .8
11.5
1.4
4 .6
5 .2
.9
1 .4
.9

100.0
28.8
15.2
11.2
5 .3
3 .2
4 .6
12.7
1.9
4 .0
5 .6
1.0
.5
1.4

100.0
31.2
12.9
9 .3
4 .3
2 .9
6 .4
14.2
2.1
3.9
5.5
.2
.4
1.8

1.4
1 .0

1.7
.2

2 .0
.1

1.9
.2

2 .6
3 .4

2 .0
2 .6

4 .9
0)

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

6 .—

181

E x p e n d i t u r e s f o r g r o u p s o f i t e m s , b y in c o m e level — Continued

C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S
In co m e le v e l-—F a m ilie s w ith a n n u a l n e t in co m e of—
Ite m

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

fam i­
lies

$500
to
$900

$900
to
$1,200

$1,200
to
$1,500

$1,500
to
$1,800

$1,800
to
$2,100

$2,100
to
$2,400

72
3.03
2. 83
2.64
2.32

64
3.45
3.19
2. 99
2.70

41
3. 26
3 .0 8
2.93
2.59

35
3.80
3. 55
3.39
2.96

13
4.35
3. 73
3.59
3.32

9
3. 53
3.88
3. 72
3. 73

$829 $1,086 $1,315 $1, 608 $1, 705 $2,115
299
349
413
449
529
653
89
63
138
163
195
238
158
203
219
248
268
271
85
96
107
125
120
140
27
38
50
83
75
76
27
65
74
60
72
116
63
82
116
190
163
313
24
18
32
38
29
45
24
47
54
87
48
38
42
63
74
98
91
107
1
2
9
8
19
27
5
3
3
8
10
8
3
6
15
28
21
13

$2,291
657
343
323
128
130
95
286
57
47
116
8
13
18

$2,400
an d
over

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

266
F a m ilie s in su r v e y , _ ___________ _ _
A verage fa m ily size:
3.33
P e r s o n s ... . . . _ . . . . . . ______
3.10
E x p en d itu r e u n its . ________________
F o o d exp en d itu re u n its . . . . ____ 2. 92
C lo th in g ex p en d itu re u n its . __ _ 2. 62
A verage a n n u al current ex p en d itu re
for—
A ll ite m s --------------------------------- $1, 362
423
F o o d ___ ________________________
139
C lo th in g _______ ________________
224
H o u sin g ______ _______________ _
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration ____
108
O ther h o u seh o ld o p e r a t i o n ____
56
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t___
65
T ra n sp o r ta tio n _____
133
P erso n al care . _____ . . . _. _
30
52
M e d ic a l c a r e ______. __ . . . __
R ecrea tio n _____ _ ______ ______
76
E d u c a tio n ______ ______ _____ __ _
8
5
V o c a tio n ... _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___
13
C o m m u n ity w e lfa re. _ _
G ifts an d con trib u tio n s to per­
son s o u tsid e th e econ om ic
24
fa m ily ____________ __ _ ______
6
O ther ite m s____
________ __
P ercen ta ge of to ta l an n u al current
exp en d itu re for—
A ll item s ___________ _ -------------- 100.0
F o o d __ __ ___ __ _________ __ 31.0
10.2
C lo th in g __________________________
16.4
H o u sin g __________________________
F u e l, lig h t, an d refrigeration ____
7 .9
4.1
O ther h o u seh old o p era tio n . ... _
4 .8
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t___
T ra n sp o r ta tio n _________
_ _
9 .8
2 .2
P erso n al care_____ __ ___ _ ___
3 .8
M ed ica l c a r e ._ _ _ _____________
R ecrea tio n _______ __ . . . _ _
5 .6
E d u c a tio n . __ _ ________________
.6
.4
V o c a t i o n ..._______ __ _ ___ __ _
1.0
C o m m u n ity w e lfa r e . __ _______
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to per­
so n s o u tsid e th e eco n om ic
1.8
fa m ily ______
O th er item s ___ ____________ __

4

N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 380.




32
2. 76
2.58
2. 44
2.22

9
5

17
2

16
12

25
5

42
7

62
0

70
0

100.0
36.0
7.6
19.0
10.3
3 .2
3.3
7 .6
2 .2
2 .9
5.1
.1
.6
.4

100.0
32.1
8 .2
18.6
8 .8
3 .5
6.0
7 .6
2 .2
4 .3
5 .8
.2
.3
.6

100.0
31.5
10.5
16.7
8 .1
3 .8
4 .6
8 .8
2 .2
4 .1
5 .6
.7
.2
1.1

100.0
27.9
10.1
15.4
7.8
5 .2
4 .6
11.8
2 .0
5 .4
6.1
.5
.5
.8

100.0
31.1
11.4
15.7
7.1
4 .4
4 .2
9 .6
2 .2
2 .8
5 .3
1.1
.6
1.6

100.0
30.9
11.2
12.8
6.6
3 .6
5.5
14.8
2 .1
1.8
5.1
1.3
.4
1.0

100.0
28.6
14.9
14.1
5 .6
5 .6
4 .2
12.4
2 .5
2.1
5.1
.4
.6
.8

1.1
.6

1 .6
.2

1.2
.9

1.6
.3

2 .5
.4

2 .9
0

3 .1
0

182

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

6.— Expenditures for groups of item s , by income level— Continued
D E T R O I T , M I C H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S
Income level— Families with annual net income of—
Item

All
fami­
lies

$500
to
$900

$900
to
$1,200

$1,200
to
$1,500

$1,500
to
$1,800

$1,800
to
$2,100

$2,100
to
$2,400

$2,400
to
$2,700

$2,700
and
over

E en itu for G p ofItem
xp d res
rou s
s
__
_ ..
Families in survey_____
Average family size:
Persons___
__ ___ - - - Expenditure units _______
Food expenditure units _
_ Clothing expenditure units______

598

32

96

158

137

100

41

22

12

3. 66
3. 37
3.18
2.86

3.29
3.02
2.86
2.55

3.48
3.13
2. 92
2.57

3. 72
3. 38
3.15
2. 82

3. 65
3. 37
3.16
2. 78

3. 58
3. 33
3.13
2.92

4. 07
3. 83
3.67
3.44

3. 71
3.51
3.39
3.14

4. 46
4. 34
4.14
4. 38

622 $1,921 $2,152 $2, 227
527
570
664
709
187
243
293
302
252
283
244
295
112
127
137
142
53
80
66
67
69
83
82
71
174
229
325
220
32
40
41
47
64
90
62
124
93
140
123
124
8
15
16
14
4
1
4
6
15
17
32
20

$2,899
800
466
291
132
78
124
506
56
84
204
16
16
40

Average annual current expenditure
for—
$1, 588
All items-------- __
- -514
Food_._ _ _
_. . _ ---------Clothing. .
—
--------------'186
242
Housing
------------ -------------Fuel, light, and refrigeration___
114
Other household operation.. _ _
50
Furnishings and equipment _
63
Transportation_________
170
32
___
_
Personal care
_
66
Medical care
__
. _
Recreation
______
94
Education
_
_
_ .. . _
9
Vocation___ __
.
3
15
Comm unity welfare.
Gifts and contributions to per­
sons outside the economic
26
family
__ _ _ ___
_
4
Other items. ______
Percentage of total annual current
expenditure for—
All items. _
_ - - - - - - - 100.0
Food _
_
_.
-. 32. 4
C lo th in g ________________________
11.7
Housing
_ _
----------------------15.2
Fuel, light, and refrigeration___
7.2
Other household operation . _
3.1
Furnishings and equipment____
4.0
Transportation. ._
10.7
2.0
Personal care _ . . _ _
_ _ _
Medical care
_ __ .
4.2
Recreation _
__ _.
5.9
Education
__ _
.6
Vocation
.2
Comm unity welfare
.9
Gifts and contributions to per­
sons outside the economic
1.6
family
.
_ __ _
.3
Other items.
__
_

1

$973 $1,159 $1,398 $1,
471
413
368
93
151
109
167
210
228
112
93
96
40
30
33
61 •
33
38
65
123
99
28
19
23
44
62
45
81
34
65
8 ,
3
3
1
1
2
11
13
8
8
4

12
3

17
2

28
4

32
10

43
4

62
1

80
6

100.0
37.8
9.6
17.1
9.6
3.1
3.4
6.7
2.0
4.5
3.5
.3
.1
1.1

100.0
35.6
9.4
18.1
8.3
2.8
3.3
8.5
2.0
3.9
5.6
.3
.2
.7

100.0
33. 7
10.8
16.3
8.0
2.9
4.4
8.8
2.0
4.4
5.8
.6
.1
.9

100.0
32.5
11.6
15.6
6.9
3.3
4.3
10.7
2.0
3.9
5.7
.5
.2
.9

100.0
29.7
12.6
14.8
6.6
3.4
3.7
11.9
2.1
4.7
6.4
.8
.2
.9

100.0
30.9
13.6
11.3
6.4
3.7
3.9
15.1
1.9
2.9
6.5
.7
0)
.9

100.0
31.8
13.6
13.2
6.4
9.9
2.1
5.6
5.6
.6
.3
1.4

100.0
27.5
16.1
10.0
4.6
2.7
4.3
17.4
1.9
2.9
7.0
.6
.6
1.4

.8
.4

1.0
.3

1.2
.1

1.7
.2

1.7
.5

2.0
.2

2.8
o

2.8
.2

Less than 0.05 percent.

Notes on this table are in appendix A , p. 380.




3.0
3.7

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

183

6. — Expenditures for groups of items, by income level— Continued

G R A N D R A P I D S , M I C H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S
In co m e le v e l— F a m ilie s w ith a n n u a l n e t in com e
of—
Item

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

A ll fa m ­
ilies

N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.

.40--------18




$900
to
$1,200

$1,200
to
$1,500

$1,500
to
$1,800

$1,800
to
$2,100

36
2.97
2. 74
2.59
2. 31

62
3. 55
3. 22
2. 98
2.70

46
3.96
3.6 0
3. 40
3.01

28
3. 24
3.04
2.86
2.66

17
3.69
3.3 9
3. 22
2.93

5
4.19
4.0 2
3.84
3.9 6

$896 $1,135 $1, 362 $1, 566 $1,822
316
355
456
428
495
82
122
165
188
223
113
152
152
226
229
95
111
139
144
138
33
43
50
74
80
54
55
39
89
71
64
134
128
175
269
18
23
30
31
38
29
64
40
55
76
47
57
65
75
91
3
9
9
11
3
1
1
4
3
9
15
29
18
29
22
6
10
25
39
60
20
5
2
7
15

$2,258
578
332
213
135
70
78
386
46
87
157
18
9
64
55
30

$2,100
an d
o v er

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

194
F a m ilie s in su r v e y --------- .._ . . . ----------. . .
A verage fa m ily size:
3.52
P erson s ------------------------------------------- ------3.23
E x p en d itu re u n its. _________ _________. .
3. 03
F o o d exp en d itu re u n its----- --------- ---------2.75
C lo th in g ex p en d itu re u n its ____—. __ __
A verage an n u al current exp en d itu re for—
A ll ite m s______________________________________ $1, 296
400
F o o d ________________________________________
C lo th in g . ------- ------------------------------- . .
149
164
H o u sin g _____________________________________
122
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration _____ __ . . .
O ther h o u seh old op eration _
_____
51
57
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t________ _____
T r a n s p o r ta tio n .---------------- . . . -----144
27
P erso n al care________________ ____________
51
M ed ica l care ----------------------- ---------------65
R e c r e a t io n ------------------ ------------------E d u c a tio n ______________________________
8
3
V o c a tio n . ______________________________
23
C o m m u n ity w elfare. . . _______ . . . _
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to p ersons o u t­
23
sid e th e eco n om ic fa m ily _ __________
9
O ther ite m s . . . _____. . . ___________ ______
P ercen ta ge of to ta l a n n u al current ex p en d i­
tu re for—
100.0
A ll i t e m s . ________________________________ __
F o o d . --------------------------------------------------------- 30.9
11. 5
C lo th in g -------------------------------------------------H o u sin g _. ------- --------- ------------12.7
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration . _ ------------9 .4
O ther h o u seh old op eration _ _______ __
3 .9
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t________
4 .4
T ra n sp orta tio n ------ ------------------- --11.1
2.1
P erso n al care. ----------------------------------------3 .9
M ed ica l care ____ _ ______ ___ _______
5 .0
R ecreation . . _. ._ . . ------------ _
E d u c a tio n . ______ .
.
_ _ _
.6
.2
V o c a t i o n ._____________ ______ ________
C o m m u n ity w elfare_____. . . ________ __ .
1.8
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to persons o u t­
sid e th e econ om ic fa m ily . ..
1.8
.7
O ther item s . _ _ _ _ _
. ..

53485

$500 to
$900

100.0
35.4
9 .2
12.6
10.6
3 .7
6 .0
7.1
2 .0
3 .2
5 .2
.3
.1
1.7
.7
2. 2

100.0
31.3
10.8
13.4
9 .8
3 .8
4 .8
11.8
2 .0
3 .5
5 .0
.8
.1
1.6
.9
.4

100.0
33.4
12.1
11.2
10.2
3 .7
2 .9
9 .4
2 .2
4 .7
4 .8
.7
.3
2.1
1.8
.5

100.0
27.5
12.0
14.4
8 .8
4 .7
4 .5
11.2
2 .0
4 .8
4 .8
.7
.2
1.8
2 .5
.1

100.0
27.1
12.2
12.6
7 .9
4 .4
4 .9
14.8
2 .1
3 .0
5 .0
.2
.5
1.2
3 .3
.8

100.0
25.8
14.7
9 .4
6 .0
3.1
3 .4
17.1
2 .0
3 .8
7 .0
.8
.4
2 .8
2 .4
1. 3

184

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

6. — Expenditures for groups of items, by income level— Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S I N D .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S
In co m e le v e l— F a m ilies w ith a n n u al n et in com e
of—
Ite m

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

A ll fa m ­
ilies

$500 to $900 to
$900 $1,200

$1,200
to
$1,500

$1,500
to
$1,800

$1,800
to
$2,100

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

203
19
32
F a m ilies in su r v e y ___
_ _ _ _ _______ __
49
43
29
A verage fa m ily size:
3. 42
2. 53
3.28
3. 57
3.49
P er so n s_____________ _________________________
3. 72
E x p en d itu r e u n its. _ _ . . . _ ______ _ _
3.16
2. 33
3.09
3.20
3. 20
3. 47
F o o d exp en d itu re u n it s .____________ _ . . .
2.20
2.96
2.96
2.90
3.29
2.93
C lo th in g ex p en d itu re u n it s .. ______ . _ 2.78
1.98
2.66
3.02
2.80
2.80
A verage a n n u a l current exp en d itu re for—
$798 $1,050 $1, 370 $1, 647 $1,860
A ll ite m s ______ _________________ __________ $1,488
274
F o o d ... . . . ._ ____________ __ _. . . . _
457
364
439
501
561
62
C lo th in g . . . . . . . ____ ______ __ _
163
100
135
189
230
193
142
H o u sin g - ___________ ___________ ______ __
165
204
176
202
121
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration___ _ ____
93
102
115
131
143
O ther h o u seh old o p era tio n . _ _ _ _ _ _
56
38
39
47
56
74
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t____________
88 ,
65
64
86
130
57
T ra n sp o rta tio n ----------------------------------- _ .
178
41
62
249
219
170
31
13
23
34
P erso n al c a r e ______________________
26
40
49
42
31
37
54
M e d ic a l care _ ____________________ .
63
30
54
R e cr e a tio n - _________________
____
81
91
65
105
1
2
E d u c a tio n _______ _ ____ ______ . . .
1
1
4
16
21
3
5
4
V o c a tio n . __ _ . . .
_ _ _.
4
4
9
24
8
C o m m u n ity w elfa r e _ _ ._
_ ... _
16
29
19
32
G ifts an d con trib u tio n s to persons o u t­
4
sid e th e eco n om ic f a m ily _________ _ _
26
15
38
18
30
1
2
O ther item s _ _ ____________________ ._
5
6
1
5
P ercen ta ge of to ta l an n u al current ex p en d i­
ture for—
100.0 100.0
A ll ite m s _________ . . . _ _ _____ __ _ _. 100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
F o o d . __________ _._ ._ . . ______________
34.3
30.8
34.7
32.1
30.4
30.1
C lo th in g . . . . . . . . . . ______
11.0
7 .8
9 .5
9 .9
11.5
12.3
H o u sin g ____ . . . _______ __ . . _ _.
17.8
13.0
15.8
14.9
10.7
10.9
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration____ _ _ _
8 .4
8 .1
11.7
9 .7
7 .9
7 .7
O ther h o u seh o ld op eration __ __
3 .8
4.8
3 .7
3 .4
3 .4
4 .0
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t _____________
5 .9
6 .2
7.1
5 .2
4 .7
7 .0
T ran sp orta tio n _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
12.0
5.1
5.9
12.4
15.1
11.8
P erson al c a r e .. ______ . . . ._ ________
2.1
1.6
2 .2
1.9
2.1
2 .2
M ed ica l care
._ . . . _______ __ _
3.3
3 .9
3.5
3.9
3 .4
2 .6
R ecreation . _ _ . . . . ______________
5.4
3 .8
5.1
4 .7
5.5
5 .6
E d u c a tio n .. . . . _______ _ ____ ._ . . .
.1
.7
.2
.3
1.0
1.1
V ocation _ _ _ _ _ _ _______ __________
.3
.4
.4
.2
.3
.5
C o m m u n ity w e l f a r e .___________ _____ __
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.0
1.8
1.7
G ifts an d c o n trib u tio n s to p erson s o u t­
sid e th e eco n om ic fa m ily ___ __
_____
1.7
1.4
.5
1.3
2.3
1.6
O ther ite m s. __ . . . __ _____________ __
.3
.1
.2
.4
.3
.1
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.




$2,100
an d
ov er

31
3.53
3.35
3.19
3.19
$2, 259
598
272
264
140
93
137
344
48
68
148
27
9

43
53
15

100.0
26.5
12.0
11.7
6 .2
4.1
6.1
15.2
2 .1
3 .0
6 .6
1 .2
.4

1.9

2 .3

.7

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

a ble

185

6.— Expenditures for groups of item s , by income level— Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— N E G R O F A M I L IE S

Item

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

A ll
fam ilies

$500 to
$600

$600 to
$900

$900 to
$1,200

$1,200 to
$1,500
$1,500 an d ov er

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

F a m ilie s in s u r v e y ._________________________
A verage fa m ily size:
P e r s o n s .. _____________ ._ _ _ ____
E x p en d itu re u n its_______________________
F ood ex p en d itu re u n its _______________
C lo th in g exp en d itu re u n its __________ __
A verage an n u al cu rren t exp en d itu re for—
A ll i t e m s ____ _. _____________________
F o o d _____________________________________
C lo th in g .. _____
__
_ _
H o u sin g ________________ ______________
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration . _____
O ther h o u seh o ld op eration _
F u rn ish in g s and e q u ip m e n t______. . .
T ra n sp orta tio n . _________ _________
P erson al care___ . . . __ ____________
M e d ic a l c a r e . _________________________
R ecrea tio n _____. . .
. . . _____ __
E d u c a tio n _ _____________ ________
V o c a tio n ____________________________ __
C o m m u n ity w elfare_______ _______ _
G ifts an d con trib u tio n s to persons
o u tsid e th e eco n o m ic fa m ily . . . . . .
O ther item s ________ ___________ . . .
P ercen ta ge of to ta l an n u al current ex­
p en d itu re for—
A ll ite m s_____. . . _ _ _____ _______ _
F o o d _______________ . . . _______ __ _
C lo th in g _________ ______ __ __ . . . . . .
H o u sin g ____________ _____ ________
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration .. ______
O ther h o u seh o ld o p er a tio n . . . ____ _
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t _________
T ra n sp o rta tio n ___________________ _.
P erson al care_______________ _. . . . ._
M ed ica l care. .............. ............... ....
R ecrea tio n ______________________________
E d u c a tio n ______
______ _____ __
V o ca tio n ______________ . . . . . . . . .
C o m m u n ity w elfare. ______ _____ _____
G ifts an d con trib u tio n s to persons
o u tsid e th e eco n om ic f a m ily _______
O ther ite m s______ ______ __ _______ __

101
3. 63
3. 26
3. 00
2.80

9
3. 29
2.86
2. 57
2. 40

31
3. 07
2. 73
2. 48
2. 45

$941
342
94
134
106
29
46
57
21
33
44
3
1
20
11
0)

$541
229
32
101
69
16
18
14
12
10
28
1
0
8
3
0

$743
291
66
119
84
23
24
43
17
21
35
1
1
13
4
1

100.0
36 3
10.0
14.2
11.3
3.1
4 .9
6.1
2.2
3.5
4.7
.3
.1
2.1
1.2
(2)

100.0
42.3
5.9
18.7
12.8
3 .0
3.3
2.6
2 .2
1.8
5.2
.2
0
1.5
.5
0

100.0
39.2
8.9
16.1
11.4
3.1
3 .2
5.8
2.3
2.8
4 .7
.1
.1
1.7
.5
1

1 L ess th a n $0.50.
2 L ess th a n 0.05 p ercen t.
N o tes on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.




In co m e le v e l— F am ilies w ith a n n u al n et in com e of—

42
3. 58
3. 24
3.03
2. 67

12
4.42
3. 97
3. 66
3.52

7
5. 51
4.98
4.6 3
4.48

$974
$1, 255
346 .
407
91
160
138
148
138
110
27
46
44
94
70
71
19
29
44
39
41
61
3
7
1
1
23
37
17
17
0
Q)

$1, 588
572
205
199
163
61
107
67
50
37
97
5
3
17
5
0

100.0
35.5
9.3
14.2
11.3
2.8
4.5
7.2
2.0
4.5
4 .2
.3
.1
2.4
1.7
(2)

100.0
32.4
12.7
11.7
11.0
3 .7
7 .5
5.7
2.3
3.1
4 .9
.6
.1
2.9
1.4
0

100.0
36.1
12.9
12.6
10.3
3 .8
6 .7
4 .2
3 .1
2 .3
6.1
.3
.2
1.1
.3
0

186

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

6.— Expenditures for groups of items, by income level— Continued

L A N S I N G , M IC H .— W H I T E F A M I L IE S
In com e le v e l— F am ilies w ith a n n u a l n e t in co m e
of—
Item

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

A ll fam ­
ilies

$1,500
to
$1,800

$1,800
to
$2,100

37
3.89
3. 56
3. 34
2.88

32
3. 25
3.01
2.85
2.57

22
2. 79
2.60
2. 44
2. 32

6
3.99
3. 77
3. 49
3. 55

$796 $1,067 $1, 348
263
361
403
76
111
157
162
184
190
59
113
129
34
41
60
34
36
86
55
64
140
19
22
30
41
38
50
37
53
52
4
2
10
1
2
1
5
12
15
9
13
22
0
13
2

$1,446
428
164
217
139
63
59
159
30
66
58
6
2
15
32
8

$1, 795
464
250
238
135
91
107
203
41
84
88
11
2
12
58

11

$2, 410
577
379
322
191
109
133
330
51
37
187
20
1
13
36
24

100.0
29.6
11.3
15.0
9 .6
4.4
4.1
11.0
2.1
4 .6
4 .0
.4
.1
1.0
2. 2
.6

100.0
25.8
13.9
13.3
7.5
5.1
6 .0
11.3
2.3
4 .7
4 .9
.6
.1
.7
3. 2
.6

100.0
24.0
15.8
13.4
7 .9
4 .5
5 .5
13.7
2.1
1.5
7 .8
.8
0)
.5
1. 5
1.0

$2,100
an d
ov er

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

145
F a m ilies in s u r v e y ---------- ------ . ____________
A verage fa m ily size:
3.37
P e r s o n s -------------------------------------------------------3.10
E x p en d itu re u n its--------------------- ---------------2.90
F o o d exp en d itu re u n its—_ _ -------------------------C lo th in g ex p en d itu re u n its ------ ---------------2.63
A verage a n n u a l current ex p en d itu re for—
A ll it e m s .__ . . . _ _ . . . ------- --------- --- . $1, 364
F o o d ________
__ _______ . --------401
C lo th in g ____ _____________________________
163
H o u sin g -------------------------------------------------- .
205
F u e l, lig h t, an d refrigeration____ _______
124
O th er h o u seh old o p eration ______ ______
61
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t_____ _____
69
T r a n sp o r ta tio n ___________________ __ ____
136
P erso n al care. ______________________ . . .
30
M e d ic a l care____ ________________ ______
55
R ecrea tio n ______ . . . ______ __ _
______
63
E d u c a tio n ___ _______ __ . . . _________ __
7
V o c a tio n ______________ ___________________
2
C o m m u n ity w elfa re____________________ .
13
G ifts an d con trib u tio n s to persons o u t­
sid e th e eco n om ic fa m ily .. _______ _
27
O ther ite m s ____. . . . __ _________ __
8
P ercen ta ge of to ta l an n u al current e x p en d i­
tu re for—
A ll ite m s ________ ___________ ____________ 100.0
29.3
F o o d ______ ___________ __________. . . . .
12.0
C lo th in g _______ ___________ _ _____________
H o u sin g ______ ____________________________
15.0
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration __ . . _
9.1
O ther h o u seh o ld o p er a tio n .__ . . . ______
4.5
F u rn ish in g s an d eq u ip m e n t . . .
____
5.1
T r a n sp o r ta tio n . _ _______ _ . . . ____
10.0
2.2
P erso n al care. _. . . .
____
. . . __
M e d ic a l care________________ ______ . . .
4 .0
R ecreation ^___________________________ _ _
4 .6
E d u c a tio n ___ ________________
.5
V o c a tio n .__ _______
_______ _____ . . .
.1
1.0
C o m m u n ity w elfare _______ . _ . . .
G ifts an d c o n trib u tio n s to persons o u t­
sid e th e eco n o m ic fam ily _ _ _ _ _
2. 0
.6
O ther i t e m s . . ______ ___________ _ _____
1 L ess th a n 0.05 p ercen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.




$1,200
to
$1,500

$600 to $900 to
$900 $1,200

14
2.49
2.32
2.13
2.08

100.0
33.0
9 .6
20.4
7 .4
4 .3
4 .3
6 .9
2 .4
4 .8
4 .6
.5
.1
.6
1.1
0)

34
3. 55
3. 20
2. 96
2.66

100.0
33.9
10.4
17.2
10.6
3 .8
3 .4
6.0
2.1
3.8
5 .0
.2
.1
1.1
1. 2
1.2

100.0
29.9
11.6
14.1
9 .6
4 .4
6 .4
10.4
2 .2
3 .7
3 .9
.7
.2
1.1
1. 6
.2

187

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

6. — Expenditures for groups of items, by income level— Continued

M I L W A U K E E , W IS .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S

Item

E x p e n d itu r e s fo r

A ll
fam i­
lies

In co m e le v e l— F a m ilie s w ith an n u al n et in com e of—
$600
to
$900

$900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700
to
to
to
to
to
to
an d
$1,200 $1,500 $1,800 $2,100 $2,400 $2,700 over

G r o u p s o f Ite m s

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ______ ___________ 446
A verage fa m ily size:
P er so n s__________________ ____ . . 3. 54
E x p en d itu r e u n its __ __________ 3. 24
F o o d ex p e n d itu r e u n its , __ _ ___ 3. 01
C lo th in g ex p en d itu re u n its _____ 2. 78
A verage a n n u a l cu rren t exp en d itu re
for—
A ll ite m s. ------------ ------------------------- $1, 564
510
F ood _______ . . _______ __
C lo th in g . . . . ____
_ _ ____
167
275
H o u sin g . ._ __ _______ __
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration ____
124
O ther h o u seh old o p er a tio n ____
48
72
F u rn ish in g s an d e q u ip m e n t _ _
T ra n sp orta tio n . . . .
____ _ 140
P erso n al care _________________
28
M ed ica l care_______ . . .
64
R e c r e a tio n .__ . . . __ __ __ _
76
E d u c a tio n . _____. . . . ______
7
V o c a t io n _________________ ____
8
C o m m u n ity w elfare . . . ______
18
G ifts a n d co n trib u tio n s to per­
so n s o u tsid e th e con o m ic fam ­
20
ily —
O th er ite m s _______ __ _______
7
P ercen ta ge of to ta l a n n u a l cu rren t
exp en d itu re for—
A ll i t e m s ____________________ . . .
100.0
F ood ______ . ________ . _
32.6
C lo th in g _____
______________
10.7
H o u sin g
_________ 17.5
7 .9
F u el, lig h t, an d refrigeration___
O ther h o u seh o ld o p er a tio n . _
3.1
F u rn ish in g s an d eq u ip m e n t _ _ .
4 .6
T ra n sp o rta tio n ________________
9 .0
P erso n al care
______ _
1.8
M ed ica l care______ ______________
4.1
4 .9
R e cr e a tio n _________ _ ________
.4
E d u c a tio n _____ _ __ _
.5
V o ca tio n . . . _ _ . . . _______ __
C o m m u n ity w elfare ____________
1.2
G ifts an d co n trib u tio n s to per­
son s o u tsid e th e eco n om ic fam ­
1.3
il y —
.4
O ther item s . . . . . . ______

14

114

125

75

3.33
3.01
2.78
2.47

3.3 9
3.08
2.86
2.60

3. 55
3.25
3. 00
2.80

3.8 6
3. 53
3. 30
3.07

22
4. 57
4.28
4. 07
3.91

9
4.44
4.20
3.99
3.92

8
2.84
2.75
2. 66
2.65

$895 $1,081 $1, 390 $1, 659 $1,886 $2,161 $2, 537 $2,716
319
692
649
400
478
534
573
724
362
59
94
137
219
346
179
277
236
312
388
294
213
263
268
379
127
117
74
133
141
128
143
D03
61
19
42
92
94
104
28
46
27
51
97
40
76
116
100
122
67
241
135
225
254
508
68
93
32
13
46
41
20
25
40
30
85
67
24
204
61
38
68
58
32
87
86
126
94
191
50
66
2
5
7
22
1
3
11
8
15
7
6
7
9
7
10
8
15
26
24
42
28
9
8
18
7
1

9
1

19
4

19
5

32
6

25
17

29
44

53
105

100.0
35.6
6 .6
26.4
8 .3
2.1
3 .0
7 .6
1.4
2 .7
3 .6
.1
.8
.9

100.0
37.0
8 .7
19.7
9 .5
2 .6
3 .7
6 .2
1.9
3 .5
4 .6
.3
.6
.8

100.0
34.3
9 .9
18.9
9.1
3.0
3.7
6 .7
1.8
4 .2
4 .7
.4
.5
1.1

100.0
32.2
10.8
17.8
7 .7
2.8
6 .0
8 .1
1.8
4.1
5 .2
.5
.5
1.1

100.0
30.4
11.6
16.5
7.1
3 .2
4 .0
11.9
1 .7
4 .5
4 .6
.6
.5
1.4

100.0
33.5
12.8
12.4
6 .6
4 .3
5 .6
11.8
1.8
3.1
4 .4
.3
.3
1.1

100.0
27.3
13.6
14.9
5 .6
3 .7
4 .6
9 .5
1.8
8 .0
5.0
.9
.6
1 .7

100.0
23.9
13.3
14.3
4 .3
3 .8
3 .6
18.7
1.5
2 .2
7 .0
.1
.4
1 .0

.8
.!

.8
.1

1.4
.3

1.1
.3

1.7
.3

1.2
.8

1.1
1.7

2 .0
3 .9

N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.




79

2. 43
2.25
2.09
1.95

188
T

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

able

7.— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, hy economic level

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H IT E F A M I L I E S
A ll fam i­
lies

Item
N u m b e r of fam ilies su r v e y ed in sp rin g q u arter___________
A vera g e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e p e r so n s1 per fam ­
ily in 1 w e ek ____________ ______ ____________________________
A verage n u m b er of food ex p en d itu re u n its 2 per fa m ily
in 1 w e ek ____________________________________________________
N u m b e r of fam ilies
u sin g in 1 w eek

F ood
fo r

U n d er $400 $400 to $600
85
4. 38
3. 62

282
3.2 8
2. 80

A v erage q u a n tity p u r­
ch ased per p e r so n 1 in 1
w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g
p en
A ll per exn it d i­ A ll
u
fam i­ tu re year per fam i­
lies
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
to an d
der
$400 $600 over

Ite m

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re u n it per year
$600 and
over

114
2.99
2. 58

83
2.56
2.26

A v erage exp en d itu re
per person 1 in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
to
and
der
$400 $600 over

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilies
sp en d in g per
exp en d itu re
u n it per year
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
$400 $600 over

U sed at H o m e and P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

W eek

T o t a l _______ __ ________________ __
G rain p ro d u cts, to ta l______ _ _____
B rea d , oth er b ak ed goods; to ta l.._
B read: W h ite . . _ ___________
G rah am , w h o le w h e a t.
R y e __________________
C rackers . . . ______
... _
________ _
P la in ro lls____
S w e et rolls_________ ________
C o o k ies____ . . .
_____
C a k es . _ __ ______
P ie s ______ ______ __ _ _
O th er. _ _ _ _ _ _ _
. . .
R e a d y -to -ea t cereals ______ __
F lo u r an d o th er cereals, to ta l____
F lour: W h ite ___________________
G rah am
_ ...
O ther ____ . . . .
C orn m e a l._________.._ __ _.
H o m i n y ____ _______ _ . . .
C orn starch
_ ___. . . _
R ic e . _______ ______________ __
R o lle d o a t s _____ __ . . . _
W h e a t cereal _ _ _ _ _ _ _
T a p io c a ___ ___________ __ __
S a go------------------------------------------M a ca ro n i, sp a g h e tti, n o o d le s. _
O th er gra in p r o d u c ts___ _ _
E g g s-------------------------------------------------M ilk , ch eese, ice crea m , to ta l _ _
M ilk : F resh , w h o le— b o ttle d ____
loose _ _
sk im m e d . __ _ _
b u tte r m ilk a n d
o th e r . . . . _____
S k im m e d , d r ie d .__ ______
E v a p o ra ted an d co n d sd . _
C heese: A m erican __
. ..
C o tta g e________ _____
O th er. ______ _ ______
Ic e c r e a m . . . __ __
__ _ _.

N o .

N o.

N o.

N o .

L b.

451
3.295
2. 055
. 105
.368
.168
.065
.263
.0 7 4
. 108
.0 4 5
.04 4
.12 5
2.031
1.415
0
. 044
.078
.016
.012
.071
.12 2
.04 2
.021
0
.210
0
.874
5. 094
4. 274
.093
.003
.045
.002
.418
. I ll
.075
.030
.043
5.

256
33
101
133
34
82
51
58
22
124
176
1
13
27
9
14
57
86
36
22
0
142
0
272
257
5
2
11
2
139
109
56
46
30

79
8
27
40
7
26
15
13
4
46
59
0
5
14
5
4
18
37
7
6
0
41
0
84
70
5
1
3
0
48
27
13
9
11

108
14
39
51
16
35
12
26
8
38
72
1
2
10
2
6
25
32
13
6
0
63
0
111
107
0
1
6
1
58
42
27
17
8

69
11
35
42
11
26
24
19
10
40
45
0
6
3
2
4
14
17
16
10
0
38
0
77
80
0
0
2
1
33
40
16
20
11

L b.

4.879
2.888
2.004
.053
.281
. 129
.050
. 159
.055
. 103
.0 3 0
. 024
.109
1. 882
1.232
0
.081
. 096
.023
.007
.058
.134
.034
.019
0
.198
0
.78 2
4. 290
3. 414
.231
.006
.042
0
.422
.076
.052
.019
.028

L b.
5. 563

3. 311
1. 957
.126
.377
.171
.081
.359
.04 5
.1 0 3
.045
. 047
.10 7
2.145
1. 551
0
.007
. 088
.004
. 015
.08 2
. 127
. 039
.016
0
.216
0
.874
5.171
4. 402
0
.003
.064
.004
.436
. 104
.090
.0 2 0
.048

L b.

6. 279
3. 982
2. 300
. 162
.504
.231
.066
.290
. 153
. 126
.07 4
.07 6
. 183
2.114
1.518
0
. 040
.033
.021
. 019
.075
.095
.060
.031
0
.222
0
1.036
6. 377
5. 570
0
0
.020
.004
.382
. 186
.092
.064
.059

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

296.8 220. 5 314. 5 403. 8
44. 6 37.8 46. 0 55. 3
30.7 25.1 31. 7 39.1
15.7 14.9 15.5 17.3
1.0 .5 1.3 1.6
3 .2 2.4 3 .2 4 .6
2.1 1.5 2.1 3.1
1.0 .8 1.2 .9
2.9 1.7 4 .0 3 .4
1.2 .9
.7 2 .7
2 .1 1 .6 2.1 2 .9
.6
.3
.6 1.1
.9
. 5 1. 0 1;. 5
2 .1 1.9 1.8 3.1
11. 8 10.8 12.5 13.1
6 .2 5.5 6 .8 6. 7
0
0
0
0
.3
.4
.1 .5
.3
.4
.3
.1
. 1 .2 (3)
.1
. 1 . 1 .1
.2
.5
.4
.5
.5
1 .0 1 .0 1 .2 .8
.6
.4
.6 1.1
.3
.2
.3
.6
0
0
0
0
2 .4 2 .2 2 .6 2 .5
0
0
0
0
13.3 11.4 13.4 16.4
33. 3 27. 0 33. 9 43. 0
23.4 18.6 24.2 30! 5
.3
.8 0
0
0
(3) (3) (3)
.4
.3
.6
.1
0
(3)
(3) (3)
3.4 3.4 3 .5 3 .2
2 .8 1.8 2 .7 4.5
1.0 .6 1.2 1.2
1.0 .8
.7 2 .0
1-0 .7 1.0 1.5

1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e p erson s per fa m ily in 1 w eek is c o m p u ted on th e b a sis of th e n u m b er of
p erson s ea tin g m eals at h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta a p p ly . If a person ate 21 m eals d u rin g th e
w eek , he w a s cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If he ate less th an 21 m eals, he w a s cou n ted as th e
ap p rop riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
2 T h e n u m b e r of exp en d itu re u n its per fa m ily in l w eek is co m p u ted on th e b a sis of th e exp en d itu re
u n its rep resen ted b y th e e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons ea tin g m eals a t h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e
d ata a p p ly .
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 380.




189

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

7.— Food used at home and 'purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, hy economic level— Continued

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u e d
N u m b e r of fam ilies
u sin g in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lie s sp en d in g
pe
A ll per euxn it n d i­ A ll
fam i­ tu re year per fam i­
lies
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
$400 $600 over

Ite m

Food
fo r

A v erage q u a n tity p u r­
ch ased per p e r so n 1in 1
w eek

A verage exp en d itu re
per p erson 1 in 1 w eek

E c o n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
an d
der
to
$400 $600 over

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilie s
sp en d in g per
exp en d itu re
u n it p er yea r
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
$400 $600 ov er

U sed at H o m e an d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

— C o n tin u ed
L b .
L b.
N o.
C t.
C t.
C t.
C t.
N o .
L b .
L b .
N o. N o.
1.227 0.979 1.287 1. 566 30.8 22.6 32.4 42.1
F a ts, to ta l _____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
B u tte r ___________ ____________ 240 68 96 76 .317 .212 .350 .448 11.4 7.6 12.4 16.3
C rea m _____________________ __ _
32 2 11 19 .050 .009 .042 . 138 1.3 .2 1.0 3.6
O ther ta b le fats_______ __ _ ___
65 33 23
9 .097 .134 .078 .061 1.4 2 .0 1.2 .8
170 56 65 49 .265 .238 .283 .282 4 .0 3.6 4 .3 4 .4
L a rd ________________________
V eg eta b le sh o rten in g ____________
95 28 37 30 . 150 . 121 . 176 . 160 2 .9 2.3 3 .2 3.4
1 .031 .063 .012 .005
.8 1.4 .4
.1
T a b le or cook in g o ils______
8 3 4
M a y o n n a ise an d oth er salad
d ressin g . __ ___________________
77 21 26 30 .082 .048 .082 . 143 1.7 .9 1.6 3 .0
B a co n , s m o k e d .__________ __ __ 175 44 77 54 .224 .143 .252 .319 7.1 4.4 8.1 10.3
.2
.2
2 .011 .011 .012 . 010
.2
.2
S a lt sid e of pork__ _ _ ____
7 3 2
M e a t, p o u ltr y , fish and oth er sea
2.985 2.170 3.168 4.119 72.2 50 .5 77.5 104. 5
food, to ta l_____ __ __ _
B eef:
F resh: S tea k , p o rterh o u se, sir­
lo in . __________ 111 33 42 36 .244 . 195 .237 .3 4 0 6 .5 5.1 6 .2 9 .5
to p r o u n d .__ __
76 19 33 24 .143 .08 9 .172 .192 3 .7 2 .3 4 .5 5 .0
oth er _ _ ___
65 26 23 16 .14 0 . 154 .141 .1 1 2 2 .6 2 .7 2 .8 2 .3
57 16 19 22 . 186 .124 .16 9 . 324 4 .6 2 .9 4 .1 8 .5
R oa st, r ib . _ _ _ _ _
c h u c k __________
63 18 22 23 .231 . 143 .2 5 5 .348 4 .6 2 .6 5 .2 7 .0
4 .057 .04 6 .075 .04 9 1.4 1.0 2 .0 1.2
o th er_____ ____
15 4 7
B o ilin g , c h u c k .
67 18 30 19 . 141 .093 .171 .180 2 .4 1.6 3 .0 3 .0
p la te _ _
7 2 5
0 .018 .00 9 .038 0
.2
.3
.6 0
4 .034 .02 8 .04 4 .02 8
oth er ___ ___
.4
18 6 8
.6
.7
.5
C a n n e d ______ __ ___________ _
0 .001 .002 0
0
0
1 1 0
0
(3) (3)
.3
C o r n e d _____________________ __
1 .004 0
.001 .014
.1 0
3 1 1
(3)
.3
.2
14 3 9
2 . 010 .012 .011 .00 7
.5
D r i e d _______________ __ ____
.2
2 0 1
1 .00 5 0
. 009 . 007
.1 0
.2
.1
O ther _ _ _____ ._ _______
V eal: F resh , ste a k , c h o p s.
88 21 41 26 . 147 .09 4 . 180 . 187 3 .8 2 .4 4 .5 5.3
4 .06 2 .0 6 0 .06 6 .05 6 1.4 1.4 1.5 1 .0
r o a st- __ ----------19 6 9
18 6 4
8 .030 .0 2 5 .017 .061
.6
.5
.4 1.1
s t e w .. ___________
.8
L am b : F resh , c h o p s________ __
15 2 8
5 .029 . 008 .03 2 .059
.2 1.0 1.6
4 .035 .030 .031 .05 2
.8
9 2 3
.7
.7 1 .2
roast __ _________
.4
.4
14 2 9
s t e w ______ __
3 .02 5 .01 1 .04 2 .023
.2
.7
155 44 58 53 .254 . 184 .247 .38 8 7 .3 5 .3 7.1 11.3
P ork: F resh , c h o p s .. ._ . . . .
34 13 13
8 .11 2 .097 .13 4 . 105 3.1 2 .5 3 .8 3.1
lo in roa st ___ __
8 .043 .02 6 .03 2 .09 2
18 4 6
.9
o th e r . _ _ . _ _
.5
.7 2.1
48 14 20 14 .064 .050 .064 .08 8 2 .0 1.6 2 .0 2 .8
S m o k ed h a m , s lic e s. . . _ _
h a lf or wh__
13 1 7
5 .063 .002 .077 . 146 1.5 (3)
2 .2 3.1
p icn ic . . .
8 1 5
2 .018 .004 .03 2 .019
.5
.6
.9
.1
P ork sa u sa g e. . _ _ _
67 17 27 23 .09 4 .06 4 .09 8 . 143 2 .2 1.5 2 .5 3 .2
O ther p o r k .. _ __
6 2 3
1 .0 1 0 .008 .01 2 .00 9
.2
.2
.2
.3
M iscella n eo u s m ea ts, to ta l
.375 .310 .404 .436 9. 5 7.4 10. 3 12.5
O ther fresh m e a t____ . .
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
B o logn a, fra n k fu rters__________
165 48 65 52 .263 .212 .294 .303 6 .0 4 .9 6 .4 7.3
C ooked: H a m ______ . . . _. __
52 13 19 20 .051 .043 .04 2 • .078 2 .2 1.5 2.1 3 .8
.4
3 .006 .004 .003 .012
. 1 .1
T o n g u e ... ____________
5 1 1
.1
L iv e r ________ _______ _ ____
6 .041 .030 .064 .023 1.0 .6 1.7
.7
35 10 19
4 .014 .021 .001 .02 0
.2
.3
O ther m ea t p r o d u c ts_________
8 3 1
.3 (3)
14 5 6
3 .068 .072 .053 .087 2.1 2 .2 1.5 2.9
P o u ltry : C h ick en , b ro ilin g ___ __
.084 . 108 1.6 0
5 .056 0
roast __ . . .
11 0 6
2.5 3 .2
s t e w ... _ __
8 2 1
5 .041 .023 .023 .101 1.1
.6
.4 3.1
T u r k e y _____________
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O th e r .. ________ __
1 .004 0
.019
.1 0
.6
0
1 0 0
0
.241 .207 .217 .339 5.1 4.1 4 .8 7.6
F ish a n d o th er sea food, to ta l. _ .
F ish : F resh _ _____________
101 31 36 34 . 180> .168 .151 .248 4 .0 3 .5 3 .5 5.5
C a n n e d __________________
42 12 17 13 .046 .034 .048 .061
.8
.5
.9 1.3
C u red . __________________
3 .006 .005 0
.019
.4
5 2 0i
.1
.1 0
2 .008■ 0
.016 .009
O ysters _ _ _______ ______
8 0 6
.2
.4
.2
0
.00 2 .002 (3)
2 0 1
1 .001 0
.2
O ther sea fo o d . _______ _____
0
(3)
i T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a le n t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is co m p u ted on th e b a sis of th e n u m b er
of p erson s e a tin g m ea ls a t h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson ate 21 m eals d u rin g
th e w eek , h e w a s c o u n ted as a fu ll-tim e p erson for th a t w eek . If h e a te less th a n 21 m ea ls, h e w a s co u n ted as
th e ap p rop riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.
W eek




190

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T a b l e 7 . — Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1

week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
qu
u
N u m b e r of fam ilies A verage per a n tityn 1pin r­
ch ased
p erso
1
u sin g in 1 w eek
w eek
E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
E c o n o m ic le v e l—
lies sp en d in g
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per ex p en d i­ A ll
per exp en d itu re
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­ tu re u n it per fam i­
year
lies
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
der to and
der
an d
to
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over

Ite m

Food
fo r

A verage exp en d itu re
per person 1 in 1 w eek
E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilies
• sp en d in g per
A ll exp en d itu re
fam i­ u n it per year
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
$400 $600 over

U sed at H o m e a n d P u rc h a sed
C o n s u m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

— C o n tin u ed
N o .
N o. N o.
N o
L b.
L b.
L b.
Lb.
C t.
C t.
C t.
V eg eta b les an d fru its, t o t a l4_____
11. 564 8. 768 12. 623 14. 784 64. 5 46.2 69. 2
P o ta to e s___________________ __ -- 267 78 110 79 3. 211 2. 671 3. 530 3. 645 9.1 7.7 10.0
44 13 19 12 .153 .112 .182 .181
S w e etp o ta to e s, y a m s_____________
.5
.7
.6
D r ied leg u m es an d n u ts, t o ta l. _
. 254 . 198 .309 .262 2.2 1.8 2.5
0 0 0
D r ied corn___________ __________
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
70 26 30 14 .144 .140 .182 .089 1.0 1.0 1.2
B ean s: D r y ----------------------------23 4 10
9 .054 .022 .063 .094
C an n ed , d r ie d . _____
.4
.2
.4
0 0 0
0 0
0
B a k ed , n o t can n ed ____
0
0
0
0
0
7 3 0
4 .010 .008 0
.1
.1 0
P eas: B la c k -e y e d _________ . .
.030
1 0 1
0 .001 0
O th er____________ _____
.003 0
0
(3)
(3)
7 1 3
3 .007 .005 .006 .010
N u ts: S h e lle d __________________
.1
.1
.1
5 0 4
1 .003 0
.2
In s h e ll__________________
.008 .001
.1 0
33 11 14
8 .033 .023 .041 .038
.4
P e a n u t b u tte r ______________ -.5
.6
(3)
.002 0
O ther dried leg u m es an d n u ts
0
.006 0
(3)
40 6 18 16 .064 .030 .086 .088
.3 1.2
T o m a to es: F r e sh _____________ .
.8
151 44 59 48 .396 .314 .406 .526 2.8 2.3 3 .0
C a n n e d _______ _____
36 8 16 12 .083 .042 .098 .131
.7
.4
Ju ice
_ ______
.8
9 3 4
2 .019 .024 .012 .022
Sauce, p a s t e -----------.2
.3
.1
2.121 1.509 2. 358 2. 814 14. 7 10.2 15.7
G reen an d lea fy veg es., to ta l _
3 0 2
1 .003 0
B r u ssel s sp r o u ts_____ _- _ _
0
.1
.006 .005 (3)
128 33 58 37 .589 .379 .713 .756 1.4
C a b b a g e. _ ___________________
.8 1.8
58 16 25 17 .128 .090 .158 .146
S a u erk ra u t______ _____ ______
.8
.6
.8
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
C o lla rd s___________________ . .
0
0
0
0
9 5 3
1 .031 .040 .032 .014
.2
.2
.2
K a le _ _ ______________ _________
L e ttu c e . ______ __ ______ __ 210 57 79 74 .319 .217 .310 .512 2.9 1.9 2 .8
85 22 40 23 .189 . 160 .225 .183 1.4 1.1 1.7
S p in a ch : F re sh _____________ _
7 .054 .066 .036 .063
.5
31 14 10
.4
C an n ed . ------ . . .
.6
3 2 0
1 .005 .008 0
O th er le a fy v e g eta b le s_______
.009 (3) (3)
0
33 7 12 14 . 126 .059 .152 .202
.4
A sp aragu s: F resh ___
____
.6
.6
24 6 7 11 .028 .018 .023 .053
.4
.3
.3
C a n n e d _________ .
21 7 6
L im a beans: F resh _ _ ____
8 .028 .018 .023 .056
.4
.2
.2
26 8 10
8 .042 .039 .044 .046
C a n n e d ._. _ _.
.4
.3
.4
88 20 39 29 .184 .120 .189 .286 1.8 1.1 2.0
B ea n s, sn a p (strin g ): F re sh .
C anned.
.9
51 14 23 14 .109 .083 .138 .108
.6 1.1
B r o c c o li. __ ________
. _ _
2 1 0
1 .005 .008 0
.007 (3)
.1 0
P eas: F re sh __________ _______
30 5 14 11 .062 .024 .072 .109
.2
.6
.6
121 34 52 35 .214 .176 .229 .258 2 .3 1.7 2.5
C a n n e d _________________
1 .005 .004 .008 .001
.1
P ep p ers . . . . ______________
8 3 4
.1
.2
0 0 0
0
0 0
0
O k ra__________ ______________
0
0
0
0
Y e llo w v e g eta b le s, to ta l___ _____
.288 .227 .271 .423 1.4 1.0 1.4
C arrots________ ______ __________ 145 41 59 45 .288 .227 .271 .423 1.4 1.0 1.4
W in te r sq u a sh an d p u m p k in . _
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
1.126 .933 1.190 1.363 8 .3 6.6 8 .3
O ther v e g eta b le s, t o t a l4 _____ __
.2 (3)
17 2 9
6 .036 .011 .056 .047
B eets: F re sh ___________________
.3
9 4 4
C a n n e d _______ . . . ____
1 .016 .022 .016 .006
.1
.2
.1
C a u liflo w er___________ _______
28 7 11 10 .045 .028 .047 .070
.3
.7
.6
C elery ---------------------------------------- 129 36 50 43 . 237 .179 .22 0 .366 1.6 1.2 1.5
1 0 0
1 .004 0
.016 (3)
C orn: O n e a r .. ______________
0
0
0
137 47 57 33 .273 .244 .316 .256 2 .5 2.1 2 .9
C a n n e d . _______________
C u c u m b e r _____________________
14 2 7
5 .017 .007 .023 .026
.2
.1
.2
4 .013 0
.013 .035
6 0 2
.1 0
E g g p la n t----------------------------------(3)
O nions: M a tu r e .. ___________ 129 43 54 32 .378 .356 .396 .388 1.5 1.5 1.5
S p r in g .. ____________
39 13 14 12 .052 .049 .051 .059
.4
.4
.4
3 2 0
1 .004 .008 0
P a r sn ip s______________ _______
.005 (3)
.1 0
S u m m er sq u a sh __________
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
.1 (3)
.2
7 0 6
1 .016 .003 .034 .009
W h ite tu r n ip s________ ______
5 .024 .016 .009 .061
.1
.1 (3)
9 3 1
Y e llo w tu rn ip s, r u ta b a g a _____
9 3 2
4 .011 .010 .009 .019
.1
.1
.1
O ther v e g eta b le s_______ _____
.5
.4
.8
P ick le s an d o liv e s. _ _ _ _
C itru s fru its, to ta l ______
1.630 1.066 1.768 2. 395 9 .0 5.5 10.0
24 .105 .032 .123 .204
.9
.3 1.1
L e m o n s. __ ____________________
63 10 29
204 60 81 63 1.094 .846 1.090 1. 536 6 .4 4 .5 6.9
O ranges___ ______________ . .
67 11 30 26 .425 .185 .551 .641 1.6
.7 1.9
G rapefruit: F r e sh .. . . .
.1 (3)
.1
5 1 2
2 1 .006 .003 .004 .014
C a n n e d .. __ . . .
4 D o e s n o t in c lu d e p ick les an d o liv es.
L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
1 See fo o tn o te 1, p. 191.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p.
W eek




C t.

88. 2
10.4
.8
2.3
0
.6
.6
0
.3
0
.2
(3)
.6
0
1.3
3 .6
1.0
.1
20.7
.1
1.7
.9
0
(3)
4 .7
1.5
.5
.1
1.1
.9
.7
.5
2.9
1 .0
.1
1.0
3 .0
(3)
0
2.1
2.1
0
10.8
.2
(3)
.9
2 .5
.1
2.4
.2
.2
1.5
.5
(3)
0
(3)
.3
.2
1.8
13.4
1.7
9 .0
2 .5
.2

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

191

7 . — Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
qu
pu
N u m b e r of fam ilies A verage per a n tityn 1 in r­ A vera g e exp en d itu re
ch ased
p e r so
1 per p erson i in 1 w eek
u sin g in 1 w eek
w eek
E co n o m ic
E c o n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
E c o n o m ic le v e l—
le v e l— F a m ilie s
lies sp en d in g
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
sp en d in g per
per exp en d itu re
A ll per ex p en d i­ A ll
A ll
exp en d itu re
u n it per year
fam i­ tu re u n it per fam i­
fam i­ u n it per year
year
lies
lies
lies
U n - $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
der to and
der
to
an d
der to an d
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over

Ite m

Food
fo r

U sed at H o m e an d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

C on tin u ed
N o. N o. N o.
N o.
L b.
L b.
L b.
L b.
C t.
C t.
C t.
C t.
O ther fru its, to ta l__________________
2. 219 1. 642 2. 413 2. 934 14. 7 9. 6 15. 5 21. 7
A p p les: F r e sh ____________________ 198 58 85 55 1.009 .808 1.132 1.165 4.7 3.5 5.4 5! 5
3 1 0
2 .008 .010 0
C a n n e d _________________
.018
.1
.2 0
.1
0 0 0
A p rico ts: F re sh __________________
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C a n n ed ________________
5 1 2
2 .009 .009 .007 .014
.1
.1
.1
.2
B a n a n a s___________________________ 147 44 62 41 .568 .422 .614 .752 2 .9 2 .2 3.1 3.8
74 13 24 37 . 120 .044 .108 .275 1.8
B erries: F re sh ____________________
.6 1.5 4 .3
3 1 2
0 .004 .005 .007 0
C a n n e d _________________
.1 0
(3) (3)
5 3 1
C herries: F re sh __________________
1 .008 .012 .006 .005
.1
.1
.1
.1
C a n n ed ________________
5 .038 .040 .037 .036
20 10 5
.4
.4
.3
.4
1 0 1
G rapes: F r e sh ____________________
0 (5) 0
.001 0
0
0
(3)
(3)
1 0 1
0 .001 0
C a n n ed -------------------------.004 0
0
0
(3)
(3)
1 .015 .005 .031 .008
7 1 5
P each es: F r e sh ___________________
.1 (3)
.3
.1
64 16 25 23 .150 .107 .144 .232 1.5 1.0 1.4 2.3
C a n n e d ________________
0 0 0
P ears: F re sh ______________________
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11 0 5
6 .024 .005 .025 .058
C a n n e d ___________________
.3 (3)
.3
.6
17 5 6
P in ea p p le: F r e sh ________________
6 .044 .038 .043 .056
.3
.2
.3
.4
C a n n e d ______________
37 6 16 15 .069 .037 .083 .103
.4 1.0 1.5
.8
0 0 0
M e lo n s____________________________
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1 0 0
P lu m s: F re sh ____________________
1 .002 0
0
.011 (3)
0
0
.1
5 1 2
2 .011 .005 .014 .016
C a n n e d __________________
. 1 (3)
.1
.2
O ther fru it________________________
8 1 4
3 .011 .003 .018 .015
. 1 (3)
.1
.2
C id er______________________________
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G rape ju ice _______________________
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O ther fruit ju ice s_________________
7 1 4
2 .011 .002 .014 .023
.2 (3)
.2
.3
8 3 2
D ried : A p r ico ts____ _____________
3 .009 .008 .006 .014
.2
.1
.1
.3
11 6 4
1 .015 .017 .019 .005
P ea ch es___________________
.2
.2
.2
.1
48 13 18 17 .076 .054 .079 . 108
P ru n e s----------------------------.7
.5
.7 1.0
7 3 1
R a isin s___________________
3 .011 .011 .006 .019
. 1 .1 (3)
.2
1 0 1
D a te s _____________________
0 .002 0
.006 0
0
.1 0
(3)
0 0 0
F ig s---------------------------------0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3 0 2
1 .004 0
.009 .001 (3)
O th er_____________________
.1 (3)
0
Sugars an d sw eets, to ta l___________
1.408 .968 1. 741 1. 640 9. 6 6 .9 11.3 11.3
Sugars: W h ite ____________________ 252 74 102 76 1. 211 .787 1.514 1. 465 6.8 4 .7 8.1 8 .4
B r o w n ___________________
25 6 15
4 .030 .016 .051 .019
.2
.1
.4
.1
O ther sw eets: C a n d y ____________
54 16 23 15 .080 .074 .093 .072 1.5 1.2 1.8 1.5
43 11 18 14 .035 .017 .050 .042
J e llie s_____________
.6
.3
.6
.8
30 15 10
5 .052 .074 .033 .042
M o la sses, sir u p s. _
.5
.6
.4
.5
0
0
0
O ther sw e e ts_____
0
0
0
0
0
M iscella n eo u s, to ta l________________
21. 2 12. 7 22.9 33. 2
G e la tin e ___________________________
15 5 5
5 .010 .003 .011 .019
.2
.2
.3
.3
92 23 41 28 .045 .030 .053 .057 1.4 1.0 1.6 1.7
P ack a g ed d essert m ix tu r es______
T e a ________________________________
48 14 23 11 .017 .013 .022 .017
.8
.6 1.1
.7
C offee_____________________________
260 77 106 77 .376 .277 .420 .479 8 .2 5.7 9 .4 10.9
C ocoa______________________________
22 7 6
9 .023 .021 .014 .041
.3
.3
.2
.6
C h o co la te_________________________
0 .004 .003 .008 0
. 1 . 1 .2 0
7 2 5
V in eg a r___________________________
. 2 .5
.4
.4
S a lt________________________________
. 2 .3
.3
.5
. 7 .4
B a k in g p o w d er, y e a st, so d a_____
. 5 .4
. 1 .3
S p ices an d ex tra cts_______________
.2
.3
C a tsu p s, sa u ces__________________
.5
.4
.6 .5
T o m a to so u p _____________________
38 22 7
9 .070 .101 .036 .072
.7 1.0 .4
.7
8 .048 .038 .055 .054
O ther so u p s_______________________
29 11 10
.6
.6
.6
.6
2 .003 0
C o d -liver o il______________________
4 0 2
.006 .004
.3 0
.5
.2
5 .011 .004 .011 .023
.3
P ro p rieta ry food s________________
13 3 5
.7
.8 1 .2
3 .017 .007 .035 .008
.3
O ther food s_______________________
8 1 4
.4
.5
.3
21 3 9
.1 1.2 1.6
9 .094 .013 .112 .208
Soft d rin k s con su m ed at h o m e ._
.9
41 5 14 22 .339 .046 .304 .906 4 .7 1.2 3.7 12.3
O ther d rin k s con su m ed at h o m e .
S ales tax on food ____________________
7.3 5.4 7.9 9 .8
1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is c o m p u ted on th e b a sis of th e n u m b er
of p erson s ea tin g m eals a t h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ieh th e d a ta a p p ly . If a person ate 21 m eals d u rin g
th e w eek , he w a s cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If h e a te less th a n 21 m ea ls, h e w a s cou n ted
as th e ap p rop riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
5 L ess th a n 0.0005 p o u n d .
N o te s on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.
W eek*—




192
T

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

able

7 . — Food used at home and 'purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S

A ll fa m i­
lies

Item

N u m b e r of fam ilies su r v e y ed in sp rin g q u a rter___________
A verage n u m b er of e q u iv a le n t fu ll-tim e persons 1 per
fa m ily in 1 w e ek ____________________________________________
A v erage n u m b er of food exp en d itu re u n its 2 per fam ily
in 1 w eek .

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re u n it per year
U n d er $300 $300 to $400

81

28
4.7 8
3.98

3.38
2.89

verage q a
N u m b e r of fam ilies Ach ased perup enrtityn 1p u r­
so in 1
u sin g in 1 w eek
w eek
E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g
p en
A ll per exn it d i­ A ll
u
fam i­ tu re year per fam i­
lies
lies
U n ­ $300 $400
der to an d
$300 $400 over

Item

Food
fo r
1

$400 an d
over

23
3.2 4
2.74

30
2.18
1.98

A v era g e ex p en d itu re
p er person 1 in 1 w eek

E c o n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­
lies
U n ­ $300 $400
der
to
an d
$300 $400 ov er

E c o n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilie s
sp e n d in g per
exp en d itu re
u n it per yea r
U n ­ $300 $400
der to and
$300 $400 over

U se d at H o m e a n d P u r c h a se d
C o n s u m p tio n

at

H om e

in

W eek

N o .

N o.

N o.

N o .

L b .

L b .

L b.

L b.

a .

C t.

C t.

C t.

213.0 147.7 232.7 326. 2
5. 895 4.868 5. 624 8. 312 34 .5 27.0 34 .0 50. 2
1. 886 1. 472 1.925 2. 686 15.3 10 8 16. 3 23. 2
66 22 19 25 1. 635 1. 319 1.639 2.279 11.4 8 .7 1L 9 16^5
2 1 1
0 .013 .011 .027 0
.2
.1
.3 0
5 1 2
2 .028 .006 .064 .034
.3
.1
.5
.3
10 4 3
3 .048 .045 .040 .061
.5
.4
.6
.5
1 1 0
0 .026 .052 0
0
.4
.8 0
0
9 1 3
5 .040 .004 .034 .122
.7 (3)
.6 2 .3
7 1 3
3 .030 .005 .047 .061
.5
.1
.8 1 .2
9 2 3
4 .048 .030 .057 .076 1.0 .6 1.4 1.4
1 0 0
1 .004 0
0
.015
.1 0
0
.3
7
.014 0
.2 0
.017 .038
.2
14 3 5
6 .041 .017 .061 .067
.7
.2
.9 1.3
3.968 3. 379 3. 638 5. 559 18. 5 16.0 16 8 25. 7
66 20 20 26 2.848 2.312 2. 674 4.144 12.3 10.2 11.4 17! 7
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2 1 0
1 .008 .009 0
.015
.1
.1 0
.3
39 15 11 13 .556 .530 .484 .689 1.8 1 .6 1 .6 2 .4
6 3 1
2 .091 .088 .027 .172
.3
.4
.1
.4
2 1 1
0 .011 .015 .013 0
.1
.1
.1 0
25 10 9
6 . 157 . 157 . 175 .138 1.1 1 .0 1.4 1.0
23 9 6
8 .135 . 121 .131 .168 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.3
6 5 0
1 .024 .046 0
.018
.3
.6 0
.2
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1 0 0
1 .004 0
0
.015 (3)
0
0
.2
27 10 7 10 .134 .101 .134 .200 1.4 1 .0 1 .2 2 .2
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
74 25 21 28 .630 .433 .705 .946 9 .2 6 .4 10.8 13.3
2. 964 2. 346 3.082 4.090 18.9 14.1 20 8 26.8
63 23 19 21 2. 063 1.715 2. 013 2. 833 11.5 9 .7 11.0 15! 7
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4 .374 .272 .371 .586 1. 6 1 .2 1.5 2 .5
17 7 6
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
43 14 14 15 .410 .329 .514 .456 3.1 2 .4 4 .0 3 .6
24 5 7 12 .071 .017 .087 .161 1.6 .5 1.7 3.6
1 0 1
0 .003 0
.010 0
0
.2 0
(3)
7 1 4
2 .024 .007 .047 .031
.7
.2 1.5
.9
5 1 2
2 .019 .006 .040 .023
.4
.1
.9
.5
1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e p erson s per fa m ily in 1 w eek is c o m p u ted on th e b a sis of n u m b er
o f th e persons ea tin g m eals a t h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson ate 21 m eals
d u rig n t h e w eek , h e w a s c o u n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If h e ate less th a n 21 m eals, he w as
co u n ted a s th e ap p ro p riate d ecim a l e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
2 T h e n u m b er of ex p en d itu re u n its per fa m ily in 1 w eek is co m p u te d on th e b a sis o f th e exp en d itu re u n its
rep resen ted b y th e e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e p erson s ea tin g m eals a t h o m e d u rin g th e w e ek to w h ic h th e d a ta
a p p ly .
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 380.
T o ta l
_' _
- - - ______
G rain p r o d u cts, to ta l_____ _
B read an d oth er b a k ed goods,
to ta l______________
_____
B read: W h ite ___ ___________
G raham , w h . w h e a t.
R y e __________________
C rackers __ _ ___ _ __ ___
P la in r o lls ________ . . . _ __
S w eet rolls _
C o o k ies___ __ __ ---------------C a k es________
_______ __
P ie s ____ . . . . .
O th er______________ __________
R ea d y -to -ea t cereals _ _ _ _ _ _
F lou r an d oth er cereals, t o ta l.
F lou r: W h ite _________
G raham . _
____
O th er________
__ _
C o r n m e a l... _ _ _ _ _ _
H o m in y .. __ . . . __
_ _
C o rn sta rch ____ __
R ice_ . . . . ______________
R o lled o a ts ________ _______
W h e a t cereal_____ _ _ _ _
T a p io c a ___ __ _______________
S a go___________________________
M a ca ro n i, sp a g h e tti, n o o d les
O th er grain p r o d u c ts___ __ _
E g g s----------------------------------------------M ilk , ch eese, ice cream , to ta l. _
M ilk : F resh , w h o le— b o ttle d __
lo o se ____
s k im m e d ... ___
b u tte r m ilk an d
o th e r _____ __ _
sk im m e d , d r ie d _________
E v a p o ra te d an d co n d sd .
C heese: A m er ic a n . _
_ _
C o tta g e . ____________
O t h e r _____________ _
Ice crea m ___________________




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

193

7 . — Food

used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
q u tity u
N u m b e r of fam ilies A verage per apnerson 1pin r­ A verage exp en d itu re
ch ased
1 per person 1 in 1 w eek
u sin g in 1 w eek
w eek
E c o n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g
p en
A ll per exn it d i­ A ll
u
fam i­ tu re year per fam i­
lies
lies
U n ­ $300 $400
der to an d
$300 $400 over

Food
fo r

E c o n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
p er ex p en d itu re
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­
lies
U n ­ $300 $400
an d
der
to
$300 $400 ov er

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilies
sp en d in g per
exp en d itu re
u n it per year
U n ­ $300 $400
der to an d
$300 $400 ov er

U sed at H o m e an d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

— C o n tin u ed
N o.
L b.
N o.
N o. N o.
L b .
L b.
L b .
C t.
C t.
C t.
C t.
1.401 1.027 1.403 2 . 161 28.2 19.4 29.4 44.1
F a ts, to ta l___________________________
61 21 17 23 .229 .183 .222 .333 7.4 5 .4 7.7 10.9
B u tte r _____________________________
1 .004 0
1 0 0
0
.016
.1 0
C rea m _____________________________
0
.4
25 8 7 10 .128 .090 .107 .230 1.8 1.3 1.5 3 .2
O th er ta b le fats__________________
72 27 21 24 .521 .415 .551 .705 7 .4 5 .8 7.5 10.3
L a rd _______________________________
4 1 0
3 .044 .030 0
.122
V eg eta b le sh o rten in g ____________
.7
1 .9
.4 0
2 0 1
1 .008 0
.025 .004
.4 0
T a b le or coo k in g o ils____________
1 .0 .4
M a y o n n a ise an d other salad
9 1 4
4 .048 .007 .081 .092
d ressin g_________________________
.8
.1 1.5 1.4
50 15 13 22 .236 .149 .222 .429 6 .6 4 .0 6 .7 11.8
B a co n , sm o k ed ___________________
22 10 6
6 .183 .153 .195 .230 3 .0 2 .4 3 .5 3 .8
S a lt sid e of p o r k _________________
M e a t, p o u ltr y , fish an d other sea
2.606 1.832 2.871 3.883 53.0 34.4 59.2 84 .0
food, t o ta l______________________
Beef:
F resh : S tea k , p o r t e r h o u s e ,
18 2 4 12 .082 .019 .074 .222 2 .2
sir lo in ________
.6 1 .8 6 .3
7 1 3
3 .032 .007 .060 .050
to p r o u n d ______
.8
.2 1 .2 1.4
1 .009 0
2 0 1
o th er___________
.020 .015
.2 0
.4
.3
9 3 1
5 .095 .078 .040 .191 2 .0 1.5 .8 4 .4
R o a st, r ib _____________
5 .110 .030 .121 .260 2 .0
10 1 4
ch u c k __________
.5 2 .2 4 .6
1 0 0
1 .015 0
o th er___________
0
.061
.2 0
0
.9
1 .196 .235 .269 .031 2 .9 3 .7 3 .5
21 12 8
B o ilin g, c h u c k _________
.4
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
p la te__________
0
0
0
0
2 .055 .052 .027 .092
6 3 1
oth er__________
.8
.3 1.4
.7
C a n n e d _________________________
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
C o r n e d _________________________
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0 0 0
0
0
D r ie d ___________________________
0
0
0
0
0
18 7 7
4 .130 .108 .175 .122 1.9 1.6 2 .5 1.8
O ther___________________________
17 4 8
5 .084 .041 .168 .076 2.1 1.2 3 .8 1 .9
V eal: F resh , stea k , c h o p s______
3 0 1
2 .022 0
r o a st______________
.027 .061
.6 0
.8 1.5
2 0 2
0 .011 0
ste w _______________
.040 0
.2 0
.7
0
1 .016 .015 .020 .015
5 2 2
L am b: F resh , c h o p s____________
.5
.3
.7
.4
1 0 1
0 .018 0
roa st_____________
.067 0
.4 0
1.5 0
5 2 0
3 .036 .045 0
s te w _____________
.061
.5
.5 0
1.1
43 15 13 15 .229 .159 .271 .324 6 .4 4.6 7 .8 8 .5
P ork: F resh , ch op s_____________
5 1 1
3 .071 .034 .027 . 199 1.9 1.0 .8 5.1
lo in ro a st_________
10 5 0
5 .129 .170 0
.193 1.9 2 .8 0
oth er______________
2 .3
13 1 5
7 .075 .007 .081 .207 2.0 .2 2 .4 5.5
S m ok ed h a m , slices______
2 .068 .041 .040 .153 1.9 1.1 1.4 3 .9
5 2 1
1 .077 .037 .148 .076 1.5
p ic n ic ____
4 1 2
.7 3 .0 1.4
P ork sa u sa g e___________
20 5 5 10 .099 .045 .081 .230 1.8 .9 1.7 4 .0
1 .073 .045 .161 .031 1.0 .9 1.7
O ther p o rk ______________
10 4 5
.4
M iscella n eo u s m ea ts, to ta l____
.329| .291 .262 .483 6.4 5.3 5 .8 9 .6
O ther fresh m e a t____________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
B o logn a, fra n k fu rters_______
45 20 9 16 .266 .229 .222 .391 5.3 4 .3 5.3 7 .6
1 .008i .002 0
C ooked : H a m _______________
2 1 0
.031
.3
.1 0
.9
T o n g u e____________
0 0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
L iv e r _________________________
11 6 2
3 .055 .060 .040 .061
.8
.9
.5 1.1
0
O ther m e a t p r o d u c ts________
0 0
0
0' 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
1 .055■ .022 .107 .061 1.3
P o u ltry : C h ick en , b ro ilin g ___
5 1 3
.6 2 .5 1.5
1 .051 ‘.037 .054 .076 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.9
r o a st______
3 1 1
3 .091 .030 .121 .184 2.5
ste w _______
6 1 2
.6 3 .7 5.1
T u r k e y ______________
0
0
0
01 01 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
O th er_________________
.023
1 01 0i
1 .005. 0
.2 0
0
.7
0
F ish an d oth er sea food, to ta l.
.343i .284 .410i .386 5.5 3.8 6 .9 7.7
F ish : F resh __________________
41 16■ 12! 13 .3051 .269i .363 .329 4.9' 3.6 6 .2 6.1
1 .0231 .015' .047 .011
C a n n ed ________________
5i 2! 2!
.3
.2
.2
.7
C u r ed ________ ,________
0i 0i 0i
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
O y sters_______________________
0i 01 01 0 0
0
0
0
0
o
0
1 0i 01 1 .011 0
O ther sea fo o d _______________
.046
.3 1 0
0
0
1.4
1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is co m p u ted o n th e b a sis of th e n u m b er
of p erson s ea tin g m ea ls a t h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson a te 21 m ea ls d u rin g
th e w eek , he w a s co u n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If h e ate less th a n 21 m eals, he w a s co u n ted
as th e ap p rop riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person .
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 380.
W eek




194
T

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

able

1 ,

— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
C I N C I N N A T I . O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
N u m b e r of fam ilies A v . q u a n tity pur ch ased A verage exp en d itu re
u sin g in 1 w eek
per person i in 1 w eek
per p e r so n 1 in 1 w eek
E co n o m ic
E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
E c o n o m ic le v e l—
le v e l— F a m ilie s
lies sp en d in g
am
sp in
A ll per ex p en d i­ A ll Fper ilies en den dre g A ll sp en d in g per
exp itu
fam i­ tu re u n it per fam i­
fam i­ uexp en d itu rer
u n it per year
n it per yea
lies
year
lies
lies
U n ­ $300 $400
U n ­ $300 $400
U n ­ $300 $400
der to an d
der
to
an d
der to an d
$300 $400 over
$300 $400 over
$300 $400 ov er

Item

Food
fo r

U sed at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

N o.
N o. N o.
L b .
L b.
L b.
C o n tin u ed
N o.
L b.
a .
C t.
C t.
C t.
V eg eta b les an d fru its, t o t a l i _ _ _
8. 942 6. 386 9. 985 13. 005 46 4 30. 6 54 8 70. 8
73 28 19 26 2. 434 1.827 2. 606 3.481 7.0 5! 4 7'. 1 10! 2
P o ta to e s ____________ _______ - 20 8 4
S w e etp o ta to e s, y a m s----- --------8 .268 .208 .218 .448 1.2
.9
.9 1.8
D r ied leg u m es an d n u ts, total
. 426 .294 .517 . 594 2. 7 1 6 3. 4 4 1
0 6 0 0 0
D r ied corn----- -------------- --- - -0
0
0
0
0
O’ o'
37 12 11 14 .344 .261 .390 .460 1.7 1 .2 2 .0 2 .4
B ea n s: D r y ------------------------------C an n ed , d ried -----------2 0 1
1 .017 0
.047 .019
.1 0
.3
.2
B a k ed , n o t can n ed -----0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
P eas: B la ck -ey ed -------------7 2 1
4 .029 .022 .027 .046
.3
.2
.2
.5
O t h e r ____ _ ------------0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
N u ts: S h e lle d . . . . ----------0
0
0
0
0
0
0
In sh e ll____ __
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12 3 5
4 .036 .011 .053 .069
P e a n u t b u tte r -------------------------.6
.2
.9 1 .0
O ther d ried leg u m es an d n u ts_
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
T o m a to es: F re sh --------- __ __ __
12 4 6
2 .058 .037 .087 .069
.6
.4 1.2 .4
C a n n e d _______________
30 8 7 15 .216 . 146 . 155 .433 1.7 1.1 1.1 3 .8
2 0 0
2 .011 0
J u ic e __________________
0
.048
.1 0
0
.4
S a u ce, p a ste --------------2 0 1
1 .003 0
.003 .010 (3)
0
.1
.2
G reen an d le a fy v e g s., to ta l_____
2. 249 1. 778 2. 639 2. 776 13.7 9. 4 17. 9 18. 2
0 0 6
0 0
0
B ru ssels sp ro u ts --------- ------------0
0
0
0
o'
o'
44 17 10 17 .621 .508 .484 1.011 1.9 1.6 1.6 3 .0
C a b b a g e________ ______ _ _____
4 0 3
1 .025 0
S a u erk ra u t_____________ ___ _
.067 .027
.2 0
.4
.2
2 1 0
1 .062 . 112 0
C o lla r d s .. ____________________
.031
.1
.2 0
.2
4 . 190 . 146 .316 . 138 1.2 .8 2 .3
23 8 11
K a le _____________________________
.9
27 7 6 14 . 117 .071 .131 . 195 1.1
L e ttu c e ____ _ _ _ - - - - .6 1.3 2 .0
S p in a ch : F r e sh ------------------------37 11 15 11 .324 .207 .430 .444 2 .0 1.1 2 .6 3 .1
C a n n e d . ___ _ ___
2 .036 .019 .067 .038
6 1 3
.3
.2
.6
.4
O ther le a fy v e g e ta b le s------------11 2 4
5 . 113 .045 . 141 .222
.8
.3 1.1 1 .4
1 . 102 .060 .242 .031
A sp aragu s: F r e sh , _______
9 2 6
.5
.2 1.2 .3
C an n ed
__ _ _
2 0 0
2 .008 0
0
.034
.2 0
0
.7
L im a bean s: F r e s h ___ ________
2 2 0
0 .013 .027 0
0
.2
.5 0
0
2 .031 0
C a n n ed . ______
6 0 4
.084 .034
.2 0
.6
.4
B ea n s, sn a p (strin g): F r e sh ___
31 16 9
6 .330 .418 .317 . 162 2 .3 2 .4 2.8 1 .5
C anned.
6 .068 .035 .034 . 172
10 2 2
.6
.3
.3 1 .6
B ro c c o li- _ __ ______ _____
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
P eas: F resh _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
7 2 2
3 .059 .036 .071 .092
.5
.2
.5 1 .0
C a n n e d .. _ _ _ _ ____
23 6 10
7 . 136 .084 .235 . 130 1.4 .8 2 .4 1 .4
1 .007 .003 .007 .015
P ep p e r s____ ________ _ _ _ _ _ _
3 1 1
.1
.1
.1
.1
O kra____ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _
2 1 1
0 .007 .007 .013 0
.1
.1
.1 0
Y e llo w v e g eta b le s, to ta l___ __ _
. 212 . 112 .403 . 199
.9
. 5 1.7 .8
C a r r o t s .__________
25 7 11
7 .212 .112 .403 . 199
.9
.5 1.7 .8
W in te r sq u a sh an d p u m p k in __
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O ther v eg eta b les, t o t a l4____ __
.897 . 673 .889 1. 359 4 .9 3. 6 5. 3 7 .4
B eets: F r e sh ____________________
2 .035 .037 .034 .031
6 3 1
.2
.2
.3
.2
C a n n e d .................................
1 0 1
0 .013 0
.047 0
.1 0
.3 0
C a u liflo w er____________________
2 0 0
2 .015 0
0
.061
.1 0
.4
0
5 .084 .052 .107 .12 2
C e ler y -------------- ------------------------17 5 7
.5
.3
.7
.6
C orn: O n ea r---------- -------------0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
29 9 8 12 .207 .177 .212 .264 1.8 1.3 1.9 2 .7
C a n n e d __________________
C u c u m b er______________________
5 2 1
2 .018 .015 .020 .023
.1
.1
. 1 .3
1 0 1
0 .011 0
E g g p la n t----------------------------------.040 0
0
.1 0
(3)
51 19 11 21 .413 .288 .322 .774 1.6 1.1 1.3 2 .8
O n ions: M a tu r e ________________
4 .068 .037 . 107 .084
S p rin g______ _________
11 4 3
.3
.1
.4
.3
0 0
0 0 0
0
0
P a r sn ip s______ __ ______ _
0
0
0
0
0
S u m m er sq u a sh _____________
0 0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1 1 0
0 .007 .015 0
0
.1 0
W h ite tu r n ip s_____ _________
0
(3)
2 2 0
Y e llo w tu rn ip s, r u ta b a g a _____
0 .026 .052 0
0
.1
.3 0
0
O ther v e g eta b le s______________
0 0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
. 1 . 1 .3 0
P ick le s an d o liv e s___ __________
C itru s fru its, t o ta l_ _ __ ________
.830 .456 1.189 1.190 5.0 2.6 7.5 6.8
6 .118 .041 .228 .153 1.0 .4 2.1 1.0
20 5 9
L e m o n s________ _____________
43 14 16 13 .571 .359 .743 .812 3 .3 2 .1 4.3 4.5
O ranges_______________________
9 1 4
4 .127 .056 .218 .168
.6
G rapefruit: F resh _____________
.1 1.1
.9
1 0 0
0
.057
.1 0
0
1 .014 0
C a n n e d _________
.4
1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is com p u ted on th e basis of th e
n u m b e r of persons eatin g m eals at h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta a p p ly . If a person ate 21 m eals,
d u rin g th e w eek , he w as cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e p erson for th a t w eek . If he ate less th a n 21 m eals, h e w as
c o u n te d as th e ap p rop riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th an 0.05 cen t. 4 D o e s n o t in clu d e p ick les an d oliv es. N o te s on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 380.
W eek —




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

a b l e 7.

195

— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
N u m b e r of fam ilies
u sin g in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g
per ex p e n d i­
A ll tu re u n it per A ll
fam i­
fam i­
year
lies
lies
U n - ;$300 $400
der to and
$300 $400 over

Item

Food
fo r

A verage q u a n tity pu r­ A verage exp en d itu re
ch ased per person 1 in 1 per p erson 1 in 1 w eek
w eek
E co n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilies sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­
lies
U n ­ $300 $400
der
an d
to
$300 $400 over

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilies
sp en d in g per
exp en d itu re
u n it per yea r
U n ­ $300 $400
der to an d
$300 $400 over

U sed at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n s u m p tio n

C on tin u ed

at

H om e

in

1

N o.
N o. N o.
L b.
L b.
L b.
L b.
N o. .
C t.
C t.
C t.
C t.
1.338 0.855 1.279 2. 398 8 .6 5.1 8 6 16.7
49 19 14 16 .588 .458 .638 .796 2 .8 2 .2 3.’ 3 3! 7
A p p les: F re sh ------------------------------2 0 0
2 .022 0
0
.094
.2 0
C an n ed ----------------------0
.8
1 0 0
1 .007 0
.1 0
0
.031
A p ricots: F re sh --------- ----------- 0
.4
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
C a n n e d - .- ___________
0
0
0
0
29 9 7 13 .347 .179 .322 .720 1.7 .9 1.5 3 .5
B a n a n a s - - ------- --------------- - - -15 3 5
Berries: F r e s h - -------------------------7 .096 .056 .101 . 172 1.1
.5 1.2 2 .2
2 0 1
C a n n e d ____ . _ - -1 .011 0
.017 .027
.1 0
.2
.2
0
0
C herries: F re sh _________ ______
0 0 0
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
1 0 0
0
C a n n e d ______________
1 .004 0
.019 (3)
0
.2
0
0
0
0
G rapes: F r e sh , ----------------------0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C a n n e d ----------- --------------0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
1 0 0
1 .009 0
.038
.1 0
P ea ch es: F re sh ____ ____ _ _ _ _
.4
0
12 1 5
C a n n e d - ________ _-6 . 100 .026 .118 .230 1.0 .2 1.2 2 .4
0
0
0
0 0 0
0
P ears: F re sh ------------------- -----0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C a n n e d ________________
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
.031 (3)
1 0 0
1 .007 0
0
.2
P in ea p p le: F resh --------------------0
0
.2
.046
3 1 0
2 .017 .013 0
.1 0
C a n n e d ______ - -.6
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
M e lo n s .. _ ------- -------- ------0
0
0
0
1 1 0
P lu m s: F re sh ------- ----------------------0 .005 .011 0
.1 0
0
(3)
0
0
0
0 0 0
0
0
C an n ed -- - - - -0 0
0
0
0
.1 0
1 0 0
1 .009 0
.038
.4
O ther f r u i t __________________
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
C id er______________________________
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0
0 0
0
0
G rape ju ice ------------------------------.1
.2 0
2 1 1
.1
0 .012 .015 .017 0
O ther fru it ju ices - -------------.2
.2
3 2 1
.3 0
D ried : A p r ico ts----- ------------------ 0 .009 .011 .013 0
.5 .4
3 .043 .041 .013 .080
.2 1.0
P ea ch es ___________
6 2 1
.4
.5
.4
.5
P ru n e s. ___________
--9 5 1
3 .048 .045 .040 .061
1 0 0
1 .004 0
0
.015 (3
0
0
.2
R a i s i n s . . . ------ -----)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
D a t e s ____ __ __ _ - -0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
F ig s----------------------------------0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O t h e r _____________ _____
0 0 0
0 0
1.236 1.115 1.143 1.597 7.7 6.8 7.4 10.3
Sugars an d sw eets, to tal _ ____
72 27 20 25 1.049 .949 1.021 1.287 6.0 5.5 6.0 7.4
Sugars: W h ite ____- - - -.1 0
.2 .1
1 .011 0
.027 .015
3 0 2
B r o w n ______ - _ __ -.5 .2 .1 1.4
5 1 1
3 .027 .022 .007 .061
O ther sw eets: C a n d y ---------- . .4 0
.054 .050
.8 1.0
6 0 3
3 .026 0
J e llie s____________
2 . 123 . 144 .034 . 184 .7 1.1 .3 .4
12 8 2
M o lasses, s ir u p s .0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O ther sw e e ts.
9.5 5.2 10.0 18.2
M iscellan eo u s, total
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
G e la tin e ._ _ _ _ _ _ _
.3 .2 .7 .2
1 .012 .006 .027 .006
7 2 4
P ack ag ed d essert m ix tu r es______
.6 .2 .6 1.6
8 .014 .004 .013 .033
15 3 4
T e a .. -_ -------------- -- - - -- 64 19 19 26 .254 .149 .255 .467 4.9 2.8 5.4 8.6
C o f fe e ... - - - - - - - - - - - - .3 .2 .2
.6
3 .022 .007 .040 .031
6 2 1
C ocoa___ - -------------- --- - 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0 0 0
C h ocola te________________
.1 0
.3 0
VinPigar
.5 .4
.9
.4
Salt
.4 .8 0
0
B a k in g p ow d er, y e a st, so d a------.1 .1 0
.2
S p ices an d extracts
______
.3 0
.4 .8
C atsu p s, sauces
.1 .1 .1 .3
2 .018 .009 .017 .038
5 1 2
T o m a to so u p . ------- ------------.1 .6
.3 .2
2 .036 .028 .017 .076
5 2 1
O ther so u p s___________ ______ __
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
i
0 0 0
C od -liver o il________ - - - - - .4 0
1.3 0
.027 0
1 0 1
0 .007 0
P ro p rietary fo o d s______________ .1 0
0
0
1 1 0
0 .001 .001 0
(3)
O ther food s_________ _ _ ----------.1
.5 1.0
.4
2 .040 .001 .035 . 126
4 1 1
Soft d rin k s con su m ed at h o m e ._
3 .4
.216
0
0
.8 0
4 .052! 0
4 0 0
O ther d rin k s con su m ed at h o m e.
5.6 3.8 6.3 8.5
S a les tax on food ____________________
,i T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is c o m p u ted on th e b a sis of th e n u m b er
of persons eatin g m eals at h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson ate 21 m eals d uring
th e w eek , h e w as cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If he ate less th a n 21 m eals, he w a s cou n ted
as th e ap propriate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is are ta b le m ap p en d ix A , p. 380.
W eek—




196

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T able 7.

— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S

E co n o m ic lev el— F a m ilies sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re u n it per year
U n d er $400 $400 to $600 $600 an d
over
82
211
50
79
3.49
4.6 0
3.65
2.61
3.9 2
2.99
3.10
2.30

A ll fam i­
lies

Item
N u m b e r of fam ilies su r v e y ed in sp rin g q u a rter. . . . .
A verage n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons 1 per
fa m d y in 1 w eek _ . . . __ __
_
________
A verage n u m b er of food exp en d itu re u n its 2 per fa m ily
in 1 w eek
_ ___ ______ ____________ _____ ____

N u m b e r of fam ilies A v . q u a n tity p u rch ased A verage exp en d itu re
u sin g in 1 w eek
per p erson 1 in 1 w e ek per p e r so n 1 in 1 w eek
E co n o m ic
E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
E co n o m ic le v e l—
le v e l— F a m ilie s
lies sp en d in g
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
sp en d in g per
per exp en d itu re
A ll
A ll per ex p en d i­ A ll
exp en d itu re
u n it per year
fam i­ tu re u n it per fam i­
fam i­ u n it per year
year
lies
lies
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
der
to
an d
der to an d
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 ov er
$400 $600 ov er

Item

Food
fo r

U sed at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

W eek

N o.

N o.

N o.

N o.

L b.

L b.

L b.

L b.

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

293.6 223.1 287. 2 382.2
5.193 4.987 5.033 5.653 45.5 40.2 45.2 51.7
2.948 2.848 2.987 3.001 30.8 27. 5 30.9 34.7
188 43 7 5 70 1.709 1.596 1.838 1.647 14.2 13.0 15.2 14.2
33 9 13 11 .176 .219 .168 .138 1.7 2 .0 1.6 1.3
95 28 35 32 .547 .678 .470 .514 5 .0 6 .2 4.3 4 .7
81 24 31 26 .146 . 160 . 134 . 149 2.1 2 .0 1.9 2 .6
26 5 9 12 .059 .044 .055 .081 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.5
45 8 17 20 .082 .046 .080 .125 1.9 1.2 1.9 2 .8
47 11 13 23 .064 .059 .039 .106 1.5 1.2 1.0 2 .7
37 3 16 18 .071 .010 .082 .123 1.8 .3 2 .0 3.1
22 4 11
.8
7 .061 .022 *.079 .076
.3 1.1 1 .0
.033 .014 .042 . 042
.6
.3
.8
.8
88 22 36 30 . 114 .096 . 114 . 134 1.8 1.5 1.9 2.1
2.131 2.043 1.932 2. 518 12.9 11.2 12.4 14. 9
94 25 37 32 1.599 1.666 1.298 1.961 7 .5 7 .5 6 .3 9 .2
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
.0
.0
.0
.0
12 2 4
6 .046 .011 .038 .097
.4
.1
.3
.9
8 2 5
1 .029 .004 .052 .024
.1 (3)
.3
.1
3 1 1
1 .007 .006 .009 .006
.1 (3)
.1 C
3)
13 2 5
6 .016 .007 .015 .027
.2
.1
.2
.2
66 16 32 18 .109 .070 . 131 .121
.8
.5
.9 1 .0
52 10 26 16 .110 .087 .122 . 120 1.0 .8 1 .0 1.2
40 10 20 10 .054 .043 .066 .049
.9
.7 1.1
.6
10 1 5
4 .009 .002 .010 .014
.2 (3)
.2
.3
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
82 21 37 24 .152 .147 .191 .099 1.7 1.5 2.0 1.4
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
203 49 81 73 .848 .702 .869 .982 15.0 12.5 15.1 17.6
6. 414 5. 578 6. 500 7.218 37.1 31. 7 37.8 42.3
203 49 77 77 5.484 4.979 5. 343 6.249 26.1 23.6 25.7 29 .6
1 0 1
.173 0
0 .070 0
.3 0
.6 0
1 0 0
1 .017 0
0
.062 (3)
0
0
.2
6 0 2
4 .086 0
.115 .140
.3 0
.3
.7
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
100 29 41 30 .505 .418 .614 .444 4 .2 3 .4 5 .0 3 .9
71 23 23 25 .068 .066 .064 .074 1.9 1.8 1.8 2 .1
42 8 15 19 .069 .048 .056 .112
.9
.5
.8 1 .4
47 13 19 15 .044 .038 .050 .041 1.6 1.6 1.6 1 .6
47 7 18 22 .071 .029 .085 .096 1.8
.8 2 .0 2 .8
1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fam ily in 1 w eek is c o m p u ted on th e b asis of th e n u m b er
of persons eatin g m eals at h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta a p p ly . If a person ate 21 m eals d u rin g
th e w eek , h e w as co u n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If h e a te less th a n 21 m eals, h e w a s cou n ted
as th e ap p rop riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
2 T h e n u m b er of exp en d itu re u n its per fa m ily in 1 w eek is co m p u ted on th e b asis of th e exp en d itu re u n its
rep resen ted b y th e e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons eatin g m eals a t h o m e d u rin g th e w e ek to w h ich th e d a ta
a p p ly .
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s o n th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p, 380,
G rain p ro d u cts, to ta l.
_ __
B rea d an d other b ak ed goods,
to ta l _ _ _ _ _ _ ____
B read : W h ite _______ __
G r a h a m , w h o le
w heat
R y e ------------------- ___
C rackers
_ _ __ _ __
P la in rolls _
__ _
S w eet ro lls. _ _
... _
C o o k ies_____ _
. _______
C ak es
_____________________
P ies _ _ _ _ _
O th er. _____
R ea d y -to -ea t cereals _ _ __ _
F lou r an d oth er cereals, to ta l _
F lour: W h ite . __ _
____
G ra h a m . _ _______ __
O th e r . . . .
C o r n m e a l.. _ . . . . . . _.
H o m i n y _____________________
C orn starch
R ice .
. .. ... . ... .
R o lle d oa ts . . . ._ --------W h ea t cereal______ .
T a p io c a . _ _ . . . . . ._
S ago______ _______ _______
M a ca ro n i, sp a g h etti, nood le s—. _________ . .
O ther grain p rod u cts
E g g s---------------------------------------------M ilk , ch eese, ice cream , to ta l _
M ilk : F resh , w h o le— b o ttle d ._
lo o se ____
sk im m e d _ .
b u tte r m ilk an d
other
S k im m ed , dried .
E v a p o ra ted an d con ­
d e n se d _____ . . _____
C heese: A m erican ___________
C o tta g e ______________
O ther ________________
I c e c r e a m .. __ __ _______ __




197

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

7 .-— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C on tin u ed
N u m b er of fam ilies
u sin g in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lie s sp en d in g
per e x p e n d i­
A ll tu re u n it per A ll
fam i­
fam i­
year
lies
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
$400 $600 over

Item

Food
fo r

A verage q u a n tity p u r­
chased per p erson * in
1 w eek

A verage exp en d itu re
per person 1 in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilies
sp en d in g per
A ll ex p en d itu re
fam i­ u n it per yea r
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
der
to
an d
der to an d
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over

E co n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re
u n it per year

U sed at H o m e an d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

N o.
L b.
L b.
L b.
— C o n tin u ed
N o. N o.
C t.
C t.
N o.
L b.
C t.
C t.
F a ts, to ta l _____ __ ______ ______ __
1.078 0. 874 1.061 1.328 28. 5 22.0 27.9 36.7
72 .387 .292 .380 .501 13.3 9 .8 13.2 17.2
196 47 77
B u tte r _____ - ___ __________ __
45 5 14
26 .055 .020 .051 .098 1.3 .4 1.2 2 .7
C ream _______
_ _ ______.
20 7 7
O ther ta b le fa ts_______ _________
6 .052 .078 .033 .051
.8 1.2 .6
.8
96 28 41
27 . 165 .168 164 .165 2 .8 2 .6 2 .8 2 .9
L a rd ____ ._ .
- _____________
21 . 138 .091 . 160 .157 2 .7 1.8 3 .2 3.1
61 13 27
V eg eta b le sh o rten in g ___________
4 .056 .070 .050 .052 1.6 1.9 1.2 1.7
T a b le or coo k in g o ils .. . . . . __
17 6 7
M a y o n n a ise an d oth er salad
22 .090 .051 . 103 . 115 1.8 1.1 1.9 2 .2
57 12 23
d ressin g____ __
____. . . _
96 19 37
40 . 132 .104 . 120 . 179 4 .2 3 .2 3 .8 5.9
B a co n , sm o k ed . __ _ . . . ____
3 .003 0
3 0 0
.010 (3)
0
.2
S alt sid e of pork _______ ________
0
0
M e a t, p o u ltry , fish an d other sea
2. 725 2.167 2. 572 3. 564 69.0 50. 7 66.0 93 .8
food, to ta l ______ ______________
B eef:
F resh: S tea k , p o rterh ou se, sir82 15 30
37 . 196 . 138 . 182 .279 5.9 3 .6 5.4 9 .2
lo in ____________
10 .091 .076 .096 . 102 2 .3 2.0 2 .4 2 .5
33 9 14
to p rou n d
__
21 . 134 . 141 .111 . 157 2 .6 2 .5 2 .2 3 .2
60 16 23
oth er __ __
12 . 126 .078 . 108 .203 2 .9 1 .8 2 .4 4 .7
27 7 8
R oa st, r i b ______________
12 . 112 .097 .093 . 155 2.3 1.7 1.9 3 .5
27 7 8
c h u c k . _________
10 3 4
3 .043 .037 .050 .039
o t h e r ___________
.9
.9 1.0 .9
B o ilin g , c h u c k __________
58 20 25
13 . 152 . 185 . 154 . I l l 2 .8 3 .2 3 .0 2 .2
2 .017 .022 .011 .022
9 4 3
.2
.3
.2
.3
p la te . . . . ___
6 .045 .037 .053 .043
18 6 6
o th e r___________
.9
.8 1.0 1.0
3 2 0
1 .005 .010 0
.006
. 1 .2 0
.1
C a n n ed ___ ________. . . ________
2 .008 0
4 0 2
.009 .016
C orn ed _______________ ______ __
.1 0
.1
.3
2 .004 .008 .002 .002
9 5 2
.2
.2
D r ie d ________________________
.4
.1
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
O th e r ... ---------------- ._ _ __
0
0
0
0
60 9 23
28 .126 .074 . 122 , 188 3 .7 1.9 3 .6 5 .8
V eal: F resh , steak , ch o p s_____ __
8 .076 .054 .071 . 109 1.8 1.1 1 .7 2 .6
r o a s t.__ . . . . _
20 4 8
6 .056 .040 .048 .085 1.1 1.0 1 .2 1.1
21 6 9
s t e w . . . ______ _
7 .039 .039 .043 .031 1.0 .9 1 .2 .9
L am b : F resh , c h o p s.
_____
19 4 8
4 .034 0
7 0 3
.025 .086 1.0 0
r o a s t _______ _____
.6 2 .5
13 4 3
6 .029 .037 .020 .034
s te w ____________
.6
.6
.4
.9
75 15 35
25 .179 .119 .223 . 182 5 .0 3 .2 6 .3 5.1
P ork: F resh , c h o p s .__ . . __ . . .
23 4 8
11 .104 .052 .090 . 182 2 .4 1.2 2 .2 4 .0
lo in r o a s t ____ _ _
33 13 9
11 . 119 . 112 . 116 . 132 2 .7 2 .7 2 .4 2 .9
oth er . . . . _______
20 2 5
13 .040 .009 .016 . 109 1.4 .4
S m o k ed h a m , slic e s_____
.7 3 .6
4 .091 .098 .083 .093 2 .6 2 .7 2 .6 2 .4
13 4 5
h a lf or w h .
2 .028 .006 .040 .036
7 1 4
.8
.2 1 .0 1.1
p ic n ic _____
P ork sa u sag e_____. . . . . .
40 8 17
15 .068 .052 .073 .081 1.8 1.4 1.9 2 .0
O ther p o rk _______ . . . __
11 3 3
5 .023 .024 .014 .035
.5
.4
.3
.9
. 344 .242 . 334 . 471 10.4 6 .8 10. 4 14. 6
M iscella n eo u s m ea ts, to ta l
O ther fresh m e a t .._ __ _ ___ ___
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
B o lo g n a , fra n k fu rters_________ __ 119 33 48
38 .198 .166 .204 .224 5.0 4 .0 5 .4 5 .6
C ooked : H a m ______ _____ . . .
60 10 25
25 .068 .034 .063 . 114 3 .2 1.7 3 .0 5 .2
.2
.2 0
T o n g u e ___ _________
6 2 0
4 .00 5 .006 0
.010
.4
L iv e r _______________________ _ _
31 6 9
16 .035 .024 .029 .056
.8
.5
.6 1.5
20 3 10
7 .038 .01 2 .038 .067 1.2 .4 1.4 1.9
O ther m ea t p r o d u c ts___ __ _
P o u ltry : C h ick en , b roilin g________
5 .053 .006 .041 . 122 1.3 .2 1 .2 2 .8
9 1 3
roast _ _ _ _ _ _
15 4 4
7 .099 . 126 .052 . 138 2 .8 3 .3 1 .4 4.2
s t e w ... _ _
10 3 6
1 .062 .070 .083 .024 1.7 1.8 2 .4 .7
0
0
T u r k e y _______ ___________
0 0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
2 1 0
1 .020 .022 0
O ther____ _ __
.4 0
___
.048
.5
1.3
.202 . 156 .209 . 243 4 .7 3 .2 4. 7 6.3
F ish an d oth er sea food, to ta l____
F ish : F resh _______ _ _______ __
70 15 28
27 . 146 .101 .151 . 187 3 .5 2 .2 3 .6 4.8
11 .047 .050 .042 .051 1.0 .9
C a n n e d ._
________ _
39 13 15
.8 1.3
4 2 2
. 1 .1
C u r ed -.
__ ____________
0 .005 .005 .008 0
.1 0
0
O ysters
________________ _____
1 0 0
1
.001 0
0
.005 (3)
0
.2
.1 0
.2 0
O ther sea fo o d -_ _ _____________
2 0 2
.008 0
0 .003 0
i T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e p erson s per fa m ily in 1 w e ek is c o m p u te d on th e b a sis of th e n u m b er
of p erson s ea tin g m eals a t h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson ate 21 m eals d u rin g
th e w eek , he w a s co u n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If h e ate less th a n 21 m eals, h e w as cou n ted as
th e ap p rop riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.
W eek




EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

198
T able 7.

— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
N u m b e r of fam ilies A v . q u a n tity p urchased A verage exp en d itu re
u sin g in 1 w eek
per person U n i w eek
per person 1 in 1 w e ek
E co n o m ic
E c o n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
E co n o m ic le v e l—
le v e l— F a m ilie s
lie s sp en d in g
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
d g
A ll per ex p en d i­ A ll
A ll sp enenin ituper
per exp en d itu re
p d re
fam i­ tu re u n it per fa m i­ u n it per year
fam i­ uexit p er year
n
year
lies
lies
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
der
to
an d
der to an d
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 ov er

Item

Food
fo r

U sed at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

W eek

— C o n tin u ed

at

H om e

in

1
N o.

N o.

N o.

N o.

L b.

L b.

L b.

L b.

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

9. 544 7.007 9. 667 12.193 58.7 39.9 55.3 84. 7
P o ta to e s--------------------------------------- 168 36 64 68 2.480 1.919 2. 644 2.866 7.3 5 .4 7.1 9! 5
22 5 9
8 .087 .070 .077 . 121
.4
S w eetp o ta to es, y a m s------------------.4
.4
.6
. 174 . 193 . 182 . 152 1.8 1 .9 1.9 1 6
0 0 6
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
D r ied c o r n _____________________
o‘
41 12 18 11 .087 .10 4 .077 .082
.6
.7
B ean s: D r y _____________________
.5
.6
12 3 6
3 .027 .033 .038 .015
C a n n ed , d ried ________
.2
.3
.2
.2
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
B a k ed , n o t ca n n e d ___
0
0
0
0
0
0 .005 .004 .007 .005 (3) (3) (3) (3)
3 1 2
P eas: B la ck -e y e d — _______ __
5 1 1
3 .007 .004 .003 .014
.1 (3) (3)
O ther_____ _ _ - _
.2
9 1 5
3 .006 .004 .008 .004
N u ts: S h elled ____ _____
.2
.2
.3
.1
10 3 5
2 .012 .011 .015 .010
.3
.2
.4
In sh e ll_________________
.2
20 7 8
5 .027 .033 .026 .022
.4
P ea n u t b u tte r _______ _______ .5
.4
.3
(3)
.l 0
.003 0
.008 0
0
39 7 9 23 .070 .027 .038 .163 1.4 .5
T o m a to es: F re sh ______ _____
.8 3 .3
59 12 26 21 .164 .115 .174 .203 1.5 1.2 1.5 1 .9
C a n n e d ______ ____
23 3 8 12 .082 .026 .094 .126
J u ice_______________ .7
.2
.8 1.3
19 6 6
7 .015 .012 .010 .026
Sauce, p a s t e ... ____
.3
.3
.2
.4
1. 375 . 982 1.300 1. 920 12.3 8.1 10 3 18.9
G reen an d le a fy v e g eta b le s, total
1 .002 0
2 0 1
0
.002 .005 (3)
B ru ssels sp r o u ts____ __ _ - _
.1
(3)
90 23 35 32 .314 .245 .318 .385 1.3 1.0
C a b b a g e_______________
.2 1.8
48 16 14 18 . 119 .143 .086 .140
.6
.7
.5
S a u erk ra u t___________ . - - .
.8
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C o lla rd s________________________
2 0 1
1 .004 0
0
.007 .005 (3)
K a le _ _ ___________________ _____
(3) (3)
L e ttu c e _ ________ ____________ 162 39 55 68 .229 .170 .236 .284 3 .2 2 .4 3.0 4.3
59 13 21 25 .154 .100 .134 .244
S p in a ch : F r e sh ________________
.9
.5
.8 1.5
7 1 3
3 .014 .005 .018 .017
.2 (3)
C a n n e d . ___________
.2
.2
4 .020 .001 .034 .022
11 1 6
.1 (3)
.2
O ther le a fy v e g eta b le s_________
.2
56 6 20 30 . 142 .033 . 123 .293 1.5 .3 1.3 3 .2
A sp aragu s: F r e s h _ ------6 1 2
3 .016 .005 .012 .033
C a n n ed ____ ______
.1
.2
.3
.6
6 1 3
2 .009 .004 .013 .007
.1 (3)
.2
L im a beans: F re sh . _______ _
.1
11 5 2
4 .020 .034 .011 .018
C a n n e d . _ ____
.2
.3
.1
.2
36 10 12 14 .060 .054 .052 .076
B ea n s, sn a p (strin g): F r e s h .__
.7
.6
.6 1 .0
C an n ed 25 7 11
7 .055 .043 .060 .061
.4
.5
.6
.7
0 .004 .013 0
2 2 0
B ro cco li_____ _____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
0
.2 0
.1
0
20 1 6 13 .053 .013 .035 . 324
P eas: F re sh _____ ______ __ ___
.1
.3 1 .5
.6
57 13 23 21 .132 .103 .128 .170 1.5 1.2 1.6 1.8
C a n n e d __________ ______
33 8 11 14 .028 .016 .031 .036
.5
P ep p e r s____________________ __
.5
.3
.9
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O k r a ------------- ------------------0
.329 .234 . 337 .426 1. 7 1.2 1.8 2.1
Y ello w v e g eta b le s, t o t a l ________
C arrots_____
___________ _ 148 33 60 55 .328 .234 .334 .426 1.7 1.2 1.8 2.1
1 0 1
0 .001 0
W in ter sq u a sh an d p u m p k in .
.003 0
0
0
(3)
(*)
.940 .637 .901 1. 337 6 .8 3 .7 6 .6 10.9
O ther v eg eta b les, to ta l *
___
18 5 5
8 .046 .044 .033 .068
B e e ts: F re sh ___ __ __________
.2
.2
.2
.4
2 .009 .008 0
C a n n ed _________________
5 2 1
.023
.1
.1 0
.2
12 1 4
7 .028 .009 .017 .068
C a u liflo w er_____________________
.2
.3
.1
.7
111 24 45 42 .194 .117 .187 .29 0 1.6 .8 1.6 2 .5
C e ler y _______ ________________
0 0
0 0 0
0
C orn: O n ear___________________
0
0
0
0
0
0
48 . 7 17 24 .109 .066 .098 .172 1.1 .6 1.1 1 .8
C a n n e d _________________
44 9 19 16 .08 0 .062 .091 .08 4
.9
.5 1.0 1 .0
C u c u m b er _________________ __
2 1 1
0 .005 .007 .00 7 0
.1
E g g p la n t_______________________
.1 0
(3)
O n ions: M a tu r e . __ _
_ _ 116 26 47 43 .422 .309 .414 .558 1.5 1 .0 1.5 2.1
15 1 5
9 .016 0
S p rin g ______________ _
.014 .038
.2 0
.2
.4
2 0 1
1 .002 0
0
.002 .005 (3)
P a r sn ip s. _____________________
(3) (3)
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
S u m m er sq u a sh ____ _________
0
.003 0
1 0 1
0 .001 0
0
W h ite tu rn ip s
_ _________
0
(3)
(3)
3 0 2
1 .011 0
.1 0
.1
.013 .019
Y e llo w tu rn ip s, r u ta b a g a _____
.1
12 5 4
3 .017 .015 .022 .012
.2
.2
.3
O ther veg eta b les - - - - - - - .2
.3 1. 5
P ick le s an d o liv es
.6 .1
1.723 1.317 1.584 2. 378 10.7 7 .9 9 .9 15.1
C itru s fru its, total _
_ _____
83 20 30 33 .127 .111 .113 .166 1 .4 1 .2 1.3 1 .9
L e m o n s___________________ _____
O ranges___________ __________ 175 39 71 65 1. 372 1.113 1. 331 1.720 8 .0 6 .2 7.8 10.3
49 9 13 27 .216 .093 .136 .470 1 .2 .5
.8 2 .6
G rapefruit: F resh _____________
3 0 1
2 .008 0
.1 0
.004 .022
C a n n ed ......................
.3
(3)
i T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fam ily in 1 w eek is co m p u ted on th e b asis of th e n u m b er
of persons eatin g m eals a t h om e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta a p p ly . If a person a te 21 m eals d u rin g
th e w eek , h e w as co u n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If he ate less th a n 21 m eals h e w a s cou n ted as
th e ap propriate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
4 D o es n o t in clu d e p ick les a n d o liv e s.
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p 380.




TABULAR SUMMARY
T able 7.

199

— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, hy economic level— Continued
C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
u tity p u
N u m b e r of fam ilies A v erage pqer apnerson 1 in r­ A vera g e ex p en d itu re
ch ased
1 per p erson 1 in 1 w eek
u sin g in 1 w eek
w eek
E c o n o m ic
E c o n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
E c o n o m ic le v e l—
le v e l— F a m ilie s
lie s sp en d in g
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
sp e n d in g per
A ll per ex p e n d i­ A ll
A ll
per exp en d itu re
xp d
fam i­ tu re u n it per fam i­
fam i­ uen it eneritu rer
u n it per year
p yea
year
lies
lies
lie s
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
der
to
an d
der to an d
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 ov er

Ite m

Food
F or

U sed at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

— C o n tin u ed
N o.
N o. N o.
N o.
L b.
L b.
L b.
L b.
C t.
C t.
C t.
C t.
O ther fru its, to ta l __
_ _ _ _ __
2. 105 1. 475 2. 326 2.475 13.8 9.1 14.0 19.1
A p p les: F resh . ________ __
135 31 60 44 .993 .696 1.255 .944 4.4 3.1 5.2 4! 8
C a n n e d .__ ______ ______
.021 .022
6 0 3
3 .015 0
.1 0
. 1 .2
A p ricots: F resh _________ _____ __
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
2 .008 .005 .006 .013
C a n n ed . _ _ _ ____
4 1 1
. 1 (3)
.1
.2
B a n an a s ______ ______
128 30 49 49 .598 .483 .642 .660 3.3 2.6 3 .5 3 .8
B erries: F re sh . _________ . . .
58 8 16 34 . 127 .042 .081 .289 1.9
.7 1.2 4 .2
C an n ed __
4 0 1
3 .010 0
.004 .029
.2 0
.1 .4
Cherries: F r e sh .__
1 0 1
0 .001 0
.003 0
0
.1 0
(3)
2 .015 0
C an n ed _____ _
5 0 3
.1 0
.011 .036
.2
.2
G rapes: F re sh . _ _______________
2 .006 .006 0
3 1 0
. 1 .1 0
.016
.2
C an n ed
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
P each es: F r e s h .. . . . __ . . .
2 1 0
1 .007 .023 0
0
.2 0
.1
0
22 4 7 11 .043 .016 .036 .084
C anned. _ _ _ _ _ _
.5
.2
.4 1.0
Pears: F resh ________ _ _ _ _ _
1 .005 0
3 0 2
.013 0
0
.1 0
(3)
12 2 5
C an n ed ____ __ _ _ _ _ _
5 .018 .011 .022 .020
.2
. 1 .3
.3
P in ea p p le: F re sh __ _ _ ______
6 2 1
3 .017 .026 .002 .028
.2
.2
.1
.2
C a n n e d _____ _____
26 3 9 14 .064 .021 .060 . 118
.2
.8
.8 1. 5
M e lo n s ._ __ _ __ ___ ______
2 1 0
1 .011 .017 0
.019 (3)
.1 0
.1
P lu m s: F resh ___ _____ ______
1 0 1
.003 0
0 .001 0
0
(3)
0
(3)
4 1 1
2 .007 .008 .006 .008
C a n n e d ____ __
_ _ _
. 1 . 1 (3)
.1
O ther fru it___
__ _______
3 .014 .009 .018 .012
8 3 2
.1
.1
.1
.2
C ider ___ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
0 0 0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G rape ju ic e . _______ __ ___ _ _
2 1 1
0 .003 .004 .003 0
.1
.1 0
(3)
O ther fru it ju ice s. _______________
2 .010 0
.012 .016
5 0 3
.1 0
.2
.1
D ried : A p r ic o ts ___ _ __ ___
4 1 1
2 .006 .004 .004 .010
. 1 .1
.1
.2
P ea ch es. __ __________
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
P ru n e s. _______________
40 11 14 15 .084 .074 .080 . 102
.8
.9
.8 1 .0
R aisin s __ ___________ __
28 5 14
.2
9 .034 .021 .038 .042
.4
.4
.4
D a t e s .. ___ ___________
3 0 2
1 .003 0
.003 .005 (3)
0
. 1 (3)
F ig s---------------------------------0 0 0
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
O th er. _____ _______ _
.2 (3) (3)
3 2 1
.1
0 .005 .009 .003 .002
Sugars a n d sw eets, t o t a l , ________
1.438 1.067 1.458 1.820 11. 2 7 .7 11. 4 14. 8
Sugars: W h i t e ____________
151 38 59 54 1.238 .944 1.252 1. 545 7 .4 5.7 7 .4 9 .5
B r o w n ____
__ _ ___
6 .030 .026 .020 .048
.2
.2
16 4 6
.1
.3
O ther sw eets: C a n d y .
___ _
55 8 30 17 .085 .046 . 102 . 104 2.3 1.0 2.9 2 .9
Jellies, _ ____
28 9 9 10 .045 .037 .055 .039
.7
.6
.6
.8
.2
M olasses, sir u p s._
6 .040 .014 .029 .084
18 3 9
.6
.4 1 .3
0
O ther sw e e ts. _ __
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
M iscella n eo u s, to tal
21.4 13.2 21. 5 31 .0
G e la t in e .______ _______ __
. 1 .1
2 .003 .003 .003 .005
.1
7 2 3
!i
P a ck ag ed dessert m ix tu r es. . .
67 13 28 26 .060 .028 .078 .071 1.6 .8 2 .0 1.9
T e a .. . . . __ ______ ____ _
71 16 30 25 .033 .022 .035 .043 1.8 1.2 1.9 2 .3
C o f fe e ... . . . . . . _______ __
173 42 68 63 .301 .228 .294 .392 7.1 5 .0 7 .0 9 .6
C o c o a ... . . . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
5 .033 .049 .029 .020
25 8 12
.7 1.0 .7
.3
C h ocola te—_ . _ _ . . . _ _ _ _
. 1 .1
6 1 2
3 .005 .003 .007 .006
.2
.1
V in eg a r. _ . _ _ _
____
. 5 .2
.4 .8
S a lt_________________________
. 5 .4 .6
.6
B a k in g p o w d er, y ea st, so d a . __
.7 . 2
.9 1 .0
.1
S p ices an d ex tra cts____ _____ _
.3
.5
.3
C atsu p s, sa u ces________ _ _ _ _
. 5 .1
.6 1 .0
T o m a to so u p _________ __ . . .
.9
37 10 17 10 .070 .051 .088 .064
.8 1 .0 .9
O ther so u p s____________________
32 12 11
9 .068 .062 .062 .083 1.0 1 .0 .9 1 .2
C od -liver o i l . ________ ____ __
2 .008 .002 .009 .014
.7
.1
8 1 5
.9 1 .2
P ro p rieta ry food s______
21 6 8
7 .033 .022 .026 .055 1.6 1.1 1 .5 2 .3
O ther f o o d s . _______ _ _ _ _ _ _
.2
4 .008 .005 .005 .016
.1
.1
6 1 1
.6
.4
S oft d rin k s co n su m ed at hom e__
23 4 6 13 .091 .040 .070 .178
.9
.6 1 .9
O ther d rin k s co n su m ed at h o m e .
8 .134 .018 . 132 .264 2 .2 .5 1.6 4 .9
17 3 6
7 .2 5 .2 7 .0 9 .6
S ales ta x on food _ _ _ __ _____
1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a le n t fu ll-tim e p erson s per fa m ily in 1 w eek is co m p u ted on th e b a sis of th e n u m b er
of persons e a tin g m eals at h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e d a ta a p p ly . If a person ate 21 m eals d u rin g
th e w eek , h e w a s c o u n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If h e ate less th a n 21 m eals, h e w as co u n te d as
th e ap p rop riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s o n th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 380.
W eek

53485°—40------14




200

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T able 7.

— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in winter quarter, hy economic level
C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S
A ll fam i­
lies

Ite m

Item

Food

U sed

ch a sed f o r
in

1

at

H om e

and

C o n s u m p tio n

61

43

2.99

66
4.19
3.64

A verage q u a n tity p u r­
ch ased per p e r so n 1 in 1
w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per e x p e n d i­
A ll tu re u n it Der A ll
fam i­
fam iyear
lies
lies
U n - $400 $600
der to an d
$400 $600 over

$600 an d
over

U n d er $400 $400 to $600

170
3. 36
2.92

N u m b e r of fam ilies su r v e y ed in w in ter q u a rter___________
A verage n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons 1 per
fa m ily in 1 w e e k ------------------- ---------------------------------------A verage n u m b e r of food exp en d itu re u n its 2 per fa m ily
in 1 w e e k _________ _ . .
._ ------N u m b e r of fam ilies
u sin g in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m iles sp e n d in g
per ex p en d itu re u n it p er yea r

2.60
2. 31

2.56

A verage ex p en d itu re
per person 1 in 1 w eek
E co n o m ic

E co n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re
u n it Der vear

level- — amines
speuuiiig pei

exp en d itu re
A ll
fam i­ u n it per year
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
to
an d
der
der to and
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 ov er

P u r­

at H o m e

W eek

T o ta l________________________________
G rain p rod u cts, to ta l____________
B read and oth er b a k ed goods,
to ta l________________________
B read: W h ite ________________
G r a h a m ,w h . w h ea t
E y e __________________
C rack ers______________________
P la in ro lls____________________
S w e et rolls____________________
C o o k ies_______________________
C a k es_________________________
P ie s ___________________________
O th er_________________________
R e a d y -to -ea t cereals---------------F lo u r an d oth er cereals, to t a l..
F lou r: W h ite -----------------------G rah am ______________
O th er________________
C orn m e a l____________________
H o m in y ______________________
C orn sta rch ___________________
R ic e ___________________________
R o lled o a ts___________________
W h e a t cereal_________________
T a p io c a ______________________
S a go___________________________
M a c a r o n i,
sp a g h e tti,
n o o d le s_____________________
O ther grain p ro d u cts________
E g g s---------------------------------------------M ilk , cheese, ice cream , to ta l____
M ilk : F resh , w h o le— b o ttle d ..
lo o se____
sk im m e d ________
b u tte r m ilk an d
oth er__________
S k im m ed , d ried ________
E v a p o ra ted an d condsd.
C heese: A m erica n _____________
C o tta g e_______________
O ther_________________
Ic e c r e a m _______________________

N o.

154
22
19
83
16
28
30
28
8
59
140
1
19
27
10
14
39
60
30
7
0
55
0
150
156
1
1
4
0
61
70
19
20
16

N o.

59
7
6
31
2
8
10
15
1
23
55
1
7
17
3
3
12
31
10
3
0
21
0
55
60
0
1
3
0
26
23
4
6
5i

N o.

60
7
8
35
6
11
10
7
3
21
51
0
5
8
4
7
18
22
9
1
0
20
0
55
57
1
0
1
0
22
29'
9
6i
3l

N o .

35
8
5
17
8
9
10
6
4
15
34
0
7
2
3
4
9
7
11
3
0
14
0
40
39
0
0
0
0
13
18
6
8
8

L b.

4.381
2 . 593
2 . 017
.111
.051
.204
.032
.055
.035
.056
.028
.004
.084
1.704
1.100
.002
.056
.093
.028
.009
.075
.157
.069
.006
0
.109
0
.682
4 . 912
4 . 319
.018
.017
.061
0
.262
. 104
.039
.031
.061 .

L b.

L b.

4 . 417 4.505
2 . 524 2.596
2 . 093 1.999
.066 .070
.035 .050
.191 .259
.010 .020
.040 .062
.031 .033
.051 .062
.007 .037
.004
0
.074 .083
1.819 1.826
1.172 1.306
.003 0
.053 .045
. 157 .041
.016 .019
.008 .008
.058 .076
.202 . 138
.056 .050
.006 .004
0
0
.088 . 139
0
0
.575 .684
4.176 5.901
3. 585 5 . 281
.058
0
.035 0
.106 .032
0
0
.269 .270
.083 . 140
.020 i .051
.020 l . 036
. 058 ' . 033

L b.

4.079
2.754
1.860
.286
.091
. 146
.106
.082
.048
.057
.066
.012
. 108
1. 217
.584
0
.083
.020
.072
.011
.114
.077
.132
.012
0
.112
0
.944
5.097
4 . 568
0
0
0
0
.200
. 100
.066
.048
.115

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

230.7 188.5 249. 5 302.8
38.5 36.0 39.4 41.7
26.0 24.3 26.1 29. 5
17.7 18.4 17.1 17.0
1.0 .6 .7 2.4
.5 .3 .5 1.0
2.4 2.2 2.9 1.9
.5 .1 .4 1.5
.9 .7 1.1 1.3
1.1 .8 1.2 1.7
1.4 1.1 1.7 1.5
.4 .1 .4 1.0
.1 0
.1
.2
1.6 1.5 1.7 1.9
10.9 10. 2 11. 6 10.3
5.3 5.3 6.3 3.4
0
0
(3) (3)
.7 .4 1.0 .7
.4 .6 .2 .1
.2 .1 .2 .5
.1 .1 .1 .1
.5 .3 .5 .7
1.2 1.5 1.0 .7
1.1 .8 .8 2.0
.1 .1 .1 .2
0
0
0
0
1.3 1.0 1.4 1.9
0
0
0
0
14.7 12.4 14.5 20.9
27.0 22. 0 32.1 31. 2
19.8 16.3 24.1 21.4
.2 0
.1 0
.1 0
0
(3)
.2 .4 .1 0
0
0
0
0
2.2 2.0 2.4 2.3
2.4 1.7 3.3 2.8
.4 .2 .6 .7
.9 ' .5 .9 1.8
1. 01 .8 .5 2.2

1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is com p u ted on th e basis o f th e n u m b er
of persons ea tin g m eals at h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson ate 21 m eals du rin g
th e w eek , he w as co u n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If he ate less th a n 21 m eals, h e w as co u n ted as
th e ap propriate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
2 T h e n u m b e r of ex p en d itu re u n its per fam ily in 1 w eek is com p u ted on th e basis of th e exp en d itu re u n its
rep resen ted b y th e e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons eatin g m eals at h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta
a p p ly .
3 L ess than 0.05 cent.
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 380.




201

TABULAE SUMMARY
T

able

7.— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in winter quarter, by economic level— Continued

Item

Food

U sed

ch a sed fo r
in

1

at

H om e

C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
qu
u
N u m b e r of fam ilies A vera g e per apnetity n p inr­
ch ased
r so 1 1
u sin g in 1 w eek
w eek
E con o m ic
E co n o m ic le v e l—
le v e l— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
A ll per ex p en d i­ A ll
per exp en d itu re
fam i­ tu re u n it per fa m i­
u n it per year
lies
year
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
to
an d
der to an d
der
$100 $600 over
$400 $600 over
and

C o n s u m p tio n

W eek ~ -

C o n tin u ed

A v erage exp en d itu re
p er person i in 1 w eek
E co n o m ic
lev el— F am ilies
sp e n d in g p er
A ll
p d re
fam i­ uex it enerituea r
n p y
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
$400 $600 o v er

P u r-

at H o m e
N o .

N o .

N o .

N o .

L b .

L b.

L b.

L b .

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

1.171 1.072 1.145 1. 465 26.9 22.9 26. 3 38.0
B u t t e r ------------------------------------------ 122 39 45 38 .321 .260 .305 .500 11.2 8 .9 10.6 17.8
15 1 4 10 .033 .002 .033 . I l l
. 1 .7 3 .3
C ream _ ______________________ . .
.9
6 .188 .229 .195 .079 2.8 3.3 3 .0 1.2
61 32 23
O th er ta b le fa ts___________________
145 58 51 36 .374 .355 .381 .411 5.7 5 .4 5.8 6 .3
L a rd _______________________________
5 .014 0
V eg eta b le s h o r te n in g ____ _____
9 1 3
.016 .049
.3 0
.3 1.0
1 .010 0
2 1 0
T a b le or coo k in g oils__ . . ____
.1 0
0
.049
0
.6
M a y o n n a ise an d oth er salad
48 15 19 14 .058 .042 .067 .082 1.4
d r e ssin g . ______ __
.9 1.6 2 .2
66 23 23 20 . 160 .160 .148 . 178 4.3 3.9 4.3 5.4
B a co n , sm o k ed ___________________
5 4 0
1 .013 .024 0
S a lt sid e of p o rk _____________ _
.006
.2
.4 0
.2
M e a t, p o u ltr y , fish an d oth er sea
2.633 2.131 3. 234 2.933 50. 2 38.1 59.9 64. 5
B eef:
F resh : S tea k , p o rterh ou se,
56 13 21 22 . 221 .097 .270 .448 5.8 2.4 7.1 12.1
sirlo in ___ __ .
4 .096 .091 .122 .066 2. 1 1.9 2.7 1.5
26 10 12
top refund -----36 16 15
5 .254 . 131 .539 .093 3.0 1.7 5.9 1 .6
other
19 7 7
5 .094 .076 . 119 .097 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.1
R o a s t,r ib .. _
31 19 7
5 . 188 . 256 . 128 . 119 2. 9 3. 9 2. 0 1. 9
ch u ck . . . .
2 1 1
0 .022 . 037 .013 0
.4
.7
o th e r .. ________
.2
0
41 18 12 11 . 171 . 192 . 119 .202 2.4 2.6 1.6 3 .1
B o ilin g , c h u c k _______
2 .022 .010 .038 .024
8 2 4
p la te . . . .
.3
.1
.5
.4
7 2 2
3 . 037 .031 .027 .068
o t h e r __________
.5
.4
.3 1.1
2 0 1
1 .004 0
C an n ed
...
... —
.003 .015
.1 0
.2
.2
2 1 0
1 .004 .003 0
C orned
_ _ ____ _____
.012
.1 .1 0
.2
5 2 2
1 .002 .002 .003 .003
D r ie d ______ _ --------- -------- .
.1
.1
.1
.2
0 0 0
0 0
O ther ___________________ —
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
23 5 10
8 .058 .024 .073 . 117 1.4
V eal: F resh , stea k , ch op s --------.5 2.1 2 .6
1 .047 .047 .044 .049 1.0 1.0 .8 1 .5
7 2 4
ro a st______
. .
5 3 1
1 .015 .025 .007 .007
s te w ______________ __
.4
.3
.1 1 .4
L a m b : F resh , c h o p s_____ _____
3 0 2
1 .003 0
.1 0
.010 0
.2 0
2 0 2
0 .010 0
r o a s t . ____ . . . .
.030 0
.2 0
.7 0
ste w __ _ _ __
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
P ork : F resh , c h o p s. _ _ ------- . .
57 19 21 17 . 160 . 123 . 162 .247 4.0 3.0 4 .4 6.0
3 .059 .024 . 155 .043 1.1
9 2 4
lo in ro a st----- --- .
.6 1.8 1.0
3 .083 .078 .097 .074 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.0
oth er . . . . . . .
17 5 9
23 4 11
8 .069 .069 .077 .054 1.5 1.0 2.1 1.6
S m ok ed h a m , slic e s .. . . .
h a lf or w h.
4 0 3
1 .039 0
. 113 .016
.9 0
2 .6
.4
p ic n ic . _
5 2 3
0 .018 .006 .049 0
. 1 .8 0
.3
P ork sa u sag e_______ _ __
40 17 17
6 . 102 . 105 . 124 .060 2.1 2.0 2 .6 1.5
O ther p o rk . _
7 1 3
3 .042 .017 .079 .043
.2 1.2 .8
.7
M iscella n eo u s m ea ts, to ta l
. 299 . 281 304 . 329 5 4 5.0 5. 5 6. 2
O ther fresh m e a t . _ _____
0 0
6 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
68 32 23 13 . 183 . 192 . 183 . 158 3 .2 3 .6 3.0 2.6
B o lo g n a , fra n k fu rters___ .
C ooked : H a m . . . ______ _ _
19 4 8
7 .035 .021 .037 .064
.9
.5 1.1 1.7
1 0 0
1 .005 0
.1 0
T o n g u e _______ __ _
0
.025
.6
0
.4 1.2 .9
L iv e r . . . . ___________ ______
23 4 12
7 .050 .038 .071 .045
.8
9 3 3
3 .026 .030 .013 .037
.4
.5
O ther m e a t p ro d u cts _________
.2
.4
13 3 6
4 . 101 .060 .124 . 165 2 .2 1.2 2.6 4 .0
P o u ltry : C h ick en , b r o ilin g . __
5 . 130 .091 . 156 . 184 2.6 1.5 3.3 4.1
r o a s t..
_ .
13 2 6
7 3 1
3 .047 .046 .023 .087 1.1 1.2i .5 1.8
s te w ____ _____
1 1 0
T u r k e y _____ ________
0 .022 .045 0
0
.5 1.1 0
0
2 1 1
0 .035 .031 .061 0
O th er_______ ____________
.4 1.2 0
.6
F ish an d oth er sea food, to ta l_____
. 179 . 133 . 165 .311 3. 5 2.7 3 .0 6 .2
F ish : F r e sh ______ . . . _______
26 9 9
8 .079 .059 .066 .147 1.5 1.1 1.4 2 .6
20 7 6
7 .052 .036 .057 .082
C a n n e d ______________ ____
.7
.6 i .5 1.4
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C u r e d _____________________
0 0 0
0
20 7 6
7 .044 .038 .042 .062 1.2 1.0i 1.1 2 .0
O y sters_______________________ 1 0 0
1 .004 0
0
.020 1 .1 0
0
O ther sea fo o d _________ __________
•2
1 T h e n u m b er of eq u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fam ily in 1 w eek is co m p u ted on th e b a sis of th e n u m b er
of p erson s e a tin g m eals a t h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson a te 21 m ea ls d u rin g th e
w e ek , h e w a s cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w e ek . If h e a te less th a n 21 m ea ls, h e w a s co u n ted as
th e ap p ro p riate d ecim al e q u iv a le n t fu ll-tim e p erson .

N otes on th is table are in appendix A , p. 380.




202
T

BAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

able

7.—

Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in winter quarter, hy economic level— Continued
C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H IT E
N u m b e r of fam ilies
u sin g in 1 w eek
E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lie s sp en d in g
A ll per ex p en d i­
fam i­ tu re u n it per
year
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
$400 $600 over

Ite m

Food
fo r

F A M I L I E S — C on tin u ed
A vera g e q u a n tity p u r­ A verage exp en d itu re
ch ased per p erson in 1 p er person in 1 w e ek
w eek 1
E co n o m ic
E co n o m ic le v e l—
le v e l— F a m ilie s
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
sp en d in g per
per ex p en d itu re
A ll
exp en d itu re
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­ u n it per year
fam i­
lies
lies U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
der
an d
to
der to a n d
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 o v e r

U s e d a t F lo r a e a n d P u r c h a s e d
C o n su m p tio n

W eek —

C on tin u ed

at

H om e

in

1
N o .

N o.

N o.

N o.

L b.

L b.

L b.

L b.

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

9.656 9. 383 9.509 10. 574 45.5 35. 0 47.8 66 6
150 59 54 37 3.832 4. 969 2. 907 2.533 4.9 5.9 4.1 3! 8
P o ta to es _ __ _______ __
9 .136 . 106 .143 .202
30 11 10
S w eetp o ta to es, y a m s -----------------.7
.7
.7
.8
.366 .381 .398 . 281 3. 5 3. 2 2. 7 4.1
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
D r ied corn __________ ___________
0
0
0
0
o'
71 35 22 14 .212 .249 .228 .097 1.3 1.6
B ean s: D r y ------------------ ------.2
.7
14 5 6
3 .046 .050 .050 .031
C an n ed , d r ie d . ______
.3
.3
.5
.1
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
B a k ed , n o t c a n n ed ____
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
P eas: B la c k -e y e d --------------------0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
O th er___ ____- -_ . . .
0
0
4 1 2
1 .004 .001 .010 .002
N u ts: S h e lle d .. ___ ___ ___
.1 (3)
.2
.1
14 3 6
5 .042 .005 .053 . 116
.9
In sh e ll. __ __ _ ___
.3 1.0 2 .6
28 14 9
5 .062 .076 .057 .035
.9 1.0
P ea n u t b u tte r . _ ------- ----------.8
.6
0 ' 0
0
O th ed d ried leg u m es an d n u ts .
0
0
0
0
0
5 1 2
2 .014 .008 .013 .030
.2
T o m atoes: F resh . --------------------.1
.2
.3
77 30 30 17 .170 .149 .195 .185 1.4 1.2 1.6 1.5
C a n n e d .. _ _ _ _ -----16 6 2
8 .037 .032 .008 .097
.4
.2
.1 1.4
J u ice_________________
5 3 2
0 .008 .016 .002 0
. 1 . 1 (3)
S auce, p a ste_____
0
1.061 .743 1.112 1.772 7.9 5.2 8.5 14.6
G reen an d lea fy v eg eta b les, to ta l _
2 0 2
0 .005 0
.013 .006
B ru ssels sp r o u ts. ___________
.1 0
.2
.1
81 26 32 23 .392 .306 .426 .552 1.2 .9 1.4 1.8
C a b b a g e________________________
28 8 12
8 .086 .059 .127 .084
S a u er k r a u t. ___
-------------.5
.4
.7
.6
0 0 0
0
0 0
0
0
0
C ollar d s ____________ ______
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
K a l e . . . ________________ ___
0
0
0
99 33 34 32 .216 .141 .192 .440 2.4 1.6 2 .2 4.7
L e ttu c e ______ __. ____________
11 2 1
8 .043 .022 .004 .160
S p in a ch : F r e s h ... ._ . ._ . .
.4
.2 (3)
1.5
24 5 9 10 .070 .032 .085 .142
C a n n ed ____ — .
.7
.3
.9 1.5
0 0 0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
O th er le a fy v eg etab les --------0
0
0 0 0
0
0 0
0
0
A sp aragu s: F re sh _____ _ _
0
0
0
0
5 0 2
3 .007 0
C a n n e d . ____ . . .
.008 .023
.1 0
.1
.5
6 3 2
1 .009 .008 .013 .006
L im a beans: F r e sh .
... .
. 1 .1
.1
.1
6 2 1
C a n n e d ______
3 .011 .007 .005 .035
.1
.1 (3)
.4
5 0 2
3 .016 0
B ea n s, sn a p (strin g ): F r e sh .__
.010 .067
.1 0
.1
.4
23 8 10
5 .036 .023 .039 .060
C an n ed .3
.2
.4
.6
0 0 0
0 0
0
B roccoli _ . . . __ ------------ --0
0
0
0
0
0
2 0 0
2 .007 .014 0
P eas: F r e sh . _ . . .
... .
0
.1
.2 0
0
52 14 22 16 .155 .123 .178 .195 1.7 1.1 2.2 2.4
C a n n e d . ______ __ . . .
6 1 4
1 .008 .008 .012 .002
P ep p e r s____________________ _
. 1 . 1 .2 (3)
O kra __________
___________
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
. 154 .071 . 179 .314 1. 0 .4 1 1 1.9
Y e llo w v eg eta b les, to ta l.
48 10 20 18 .127 .050 .168 .249
C a r r o t s .._____ _______
.8
.3 1.0 1.5
4 .027 .021 .011 .065
W in ter sq u a sh an d p u m p k in .
7 2 1
.2
.1
.1
.4
.849 .643 1.088 .971 6. 5 4. 5 8. 7 7. 8
O ther veg eta b les, t o t a l4 ______
B eets: F r e sh . _ . ------------------3 0 1
2 .009 0
0
.048
.1 0
0
.2
C a n n e d _________________
13 4 5
4 .015 .007 .017 .031
.1 l3)
.1
.4
7 1 4
2 .018 .004 .038 .018
C a u liflo w e r _______ _________ __
.1
.3
.6
.3
78 28 27 23 .244 .186 .267 .351 2 .0 1.6 2.2 2.8
C e ler y _______________________
0 0 0
C orn: O n ear_______ . . . _ _
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C a n n e d . ______________
60 26 22 12 .146 .144 .154 .136 1.5 1.3 1.7 1.5
1 0 1
0 .001 0
.002 0
C u c u m b er _____________________
0
0
(3)
(3)
1 0 1
E g g p la n t. _ ----------------------------.021 0
0 .007 0
.1 0
0
(3)
76 32 22 22 .312 .233 .430 .317 1.3 1.0 1.6 1.6
O n ions: M a t u r e .___________
1 0 0
S p rin g________________
1 .002 0
0
.012 (3)
.1
0
0
4 1 2
P a r sn ip s_______________________
1 .017 .013 .027 .012
.1
.1
.2
.1
S u m m er sq u a sh . _____________
0 0 0
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
16 4 7
W h ite tu rn ip s. _ ______________
5 .067 .044 .115 .046
.2
.3
.4
.2
4 1 3
.1
Y e llo w tu rn ip s, ru ta b ag a_____
0 .011 .012 .017 0
.1
.1 0
1 0 0
O ther v eg eta b les_______ ________
1 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
. 7 . 1 1.7
P ick les an d o liv e s________ ___
.6
C itru s fru its, to ta l_______
_ _
1.191 .848 1.135 2.126 7 .8 5 .2 7.3 14.4
24 5 5 14 .046 .028 .032 .114
L e m o n s_____________________ __
.5
.2
.3 1.4
O ranges_______________________ . 100 32 38 30 .814 .645 .874 1.131 5.5 4.1 5.9 8 .2
42 14 9 19 .314 .172 .204 .843 1.6 .9
G rapefruit: F re sh . _ . . . _ .
.9 4.4
7 1 3
.2 (3)
.2
.4
C a n n e d . . . . ____
3 .017 .003 .025 .038
1 T h e n u m b er of eq u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is co m p u ted on th e b asis of th e n u m b er
o f persons ea tin g m eals a t h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson ate 21 m eals d u rin g th e
w eek , h e w a s cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e p erson for th a t w eek . If h e ate less th a n 21 m eals, h e w as cou n ted as th e
ap p rop riate decim al eq u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
4 D o e s n o t in clu d e p ick les an d o liv es.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 380.




TABULAR SUMMARY

203

T able 7.— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in winter quarter, hy economic level— Continued
C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — Continued
Number of families
using in 1 week

Item

Economic
level— Fami­
lies spending
per expendi­
All ture unit per
famiyear

Average quantity pur­
chased per person in 1
w eek1

All
fami-

U n ­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

Food Used at Home and Purchased
for Consum ption at Home in 1
W eek — Continued
Other fruits, total______________
Apples: Fresh________________
Canned______________
Apricots: Fresh______________
Canned____________
Bananas-----------------------------------Berries: Fresh_______________
Canned______________
Cherries: Fresh______________
Canned____________
Grapes: Fresh___ ___________
Canned____________
Peaches: Fresh_______________
Canned_____________
Pears: Fresh_________________
Canned__ _____________
Pineapple: Fresh_____________
Canned___________
Melons______________________
Plums: Fresh________________
C anned._ ___________
Other fru it___________________
Cider________________________
Grape juice__________________
Other fruit juices______________
Dried: Apricots______________
Peaches_______________
Prunes_______________
Raisins_______________
Dates________________
Figs------------------------------Other________________
Sugars and sweets, to ta l-^ ______
Sugars: W h ite_______________
Brown. _____________
Other sweets: Candy_________
Jellies__________
Molasses, sirups.
Other sweets____
Miscellaneous, total____________
Gelatine_____________________
Packaged dessert mixtures_____
Tea______________________
Coffee_______________________
Cocoa. ____________________
Chocolate___________________
Vinegar______________________
S alt_________________________
Baking powder, yeast, soda____
Spices and extracts___________
Catsups, sauces______________
Tomato soup_________________
Other soups__ ________________
Cod-liver oil_________________
Proprietary foods_____________
Other foods__________________
Soft drinks consumed at home. _
Other drinks consumed at home.
Sales tax on food_______________

N o.

N o.

N o.

Lb.

.009
.007
.015
.392
.024
.006

.004
.005
.014
.320
.017
.006

.010
.008
.017
.481
.014
.002

.018
.010
.013
.425
.058
.012

.045
.036
.003
.002
.010
.040
.040

'. 032 .026 . 106
.021 .040 .066
0
.007 0
.001 .005 0
.005 .019 .006
.008 .018 .155
.005 .065 .089

156
30
42
43
28

61
10
17
16
9

55
12
14
16
7

17
12
33
154
26
5

3
5
15
60
12
3

7
4
10
57
6
1

7
3
8
37
8
1

14
12
5
3
6
6

5
4
4
1
1
1

5
4
0
2
4
1
4

4
4
1
0
1
4
6

1

Lb.

2. 063
.942
0
0
0
.518
.009
.015
0
.015
0
0
.012
. 129
0
.052
0
. 121
0
0
0
.028
0
0
0
.012
0
.054
.088
.031
.025
.012
1. 784
1. 420
.108
.088
.034
. 134
0

38
0
0
0
26
2
2
0
6
4
0
0
18
0
3
0
8
0
1
6
0
1
0
0
1
2
5
7
0

Economic
level— Families
spending per
A ll
expenditure
fami- unit per year

$600
and
over

2. 329
1.475
0
0
.006
.516
.019
0
0
.005
.075
0
0
.056
0
.006
0
.052
0
.013
.012
0
.017
0
0
.002
.013
.021
.036
0
.003
.002
1. 694
1.437
.098
.080
.016
.063
0

40
1
0
1
23
0
4
0
6
4
1
0
13
1
7
0
6
0
1
2
0
0
1
0
1
0
9
7
3
1
1

11

Lb.

$400
to
$600

1.838 1. 417
26 1.071
.856
.002 .004
0
0 0
0
.004 .003
0
18
.415 .307
1
.008 0
1
.003 0
0 0
0
.012 .015
3
.037 .026
0
0 0
0
.002 0
1
12
.070 .050
0 0
0
4
.019 .014
0 0
0
.058 .036
7
0 0
0
.004 0
0
1
.009 .010
1
.005 0
.005 0
0
.001
1
(5
)
0 0
0
.005 .005
1
.004 0
0
.040 .046
5
.042 .027
6
.012 .012
3
1
.006 .001
1
.005 .004
1. 587 1. 436
40 1.302 1.166
8
.078 .052
11
.074 .063
.013 .003
11
12
. 120 .152
0
0

104
1
0
1
67
3
7
0
15
8
1
1
43
1
14
0
21
0
2
9
1
1
2
0
3
2
19
20
6
2
3

0
l

Un­
der
$400

Lb.

N o.

Economic level—
Families spending
per expenditure
unit per year

Average expenditure
per person in 1 week 1

U n­ $400 $600
der
to and
$400 $600 over

C t.

C t.

11 1
4.7

8 3 12. 8 16. 0
3.7 6.2 L 8
0
0
(3)
0
0
0
.1 0
(3)
1.6 2.7 2.7
.2
.2
0
.2
0
0
0
0
0
.2
.1
.1
.3
.6 0
0
0
0
.2
0
0
.6
.8 1.6
0
0
0
.2
.1
.7
0
0
0
.5
.7 1.7
0
0
0
.1 0
0
.1
.1 0
0
0
.3
.1 0
0
0
0
(3)
0
0
0
.2
.1 (3)
.2 0
0
.5
.7
.3
.4 1.0
.3
.2 0
.6
.1
.7
(3
)
.3
(3
)
(3
)
8 8 10 8 15.1
6.5 7.8 8.4
.3
.6
.7
1.0 1.4 4.0
.4
.3
(3 '
)
1.0
.7 1.6
0
0
0
13. 3 18.7 24.8
.2
.3
.8
.4
.2
.2
.8
.8 1.1
7.7 11,3 11.7
.3
.3
.8
.1
.1
.3
.7
.6
.5
.7
.9
.8
.1
.4
.6
.1
.4
.2
.4
.2
.6
.4
.8
.3
.2
.4
.7
0
.8 0
.2 0
(3)
.1
.1
.5
.1
.2
1.5
.3 1.0 4.6

(3)
0
(3)

2.2
.1

(3)

0
.1
.3
0

(3
)

.8
0
.2
0
.8
0

(3)

.1
.1

(3)
(3)

0
.1
.1
.5
.5
.2
.2
.1
10. 7
7.3
.5
1.7
.2
1.0
0
17. 2
.3
.2
.9
9.6
.4
.2
.6
.7
.•4
.2
.4
.4
.4
.4
.1
.2
.4
1.4

C t.

C t.

1 The number of equivalent full-time persons per family in 1 week is computed on the basis of the number
of persons eating meals at home during the week to which the data apply. If a person ate 21 meals during
the week, he was counted as a full-time person for that week. If he ate less than 21 meals, he was counted
as the appropriate decimal equivalent full-time person,
3 Less than 0.05 cent.
s Less than 0.0005 pound.
Notes on this table are in appendix A* p. 380.




204
T able

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
7.— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level
D E T R O I T , M I C H .—W H I T E

F A M IL IE S
Economic level— Families spending
per expenditure unit per year

All fami­
lies

Item

Under $400 $400 to $600
262

Item

Food Used at H om e and Purchased
for C onsum ption at Home in 1
Week
Total
________
-Grain products, total _
_ _
Bread and other baked goods,
total
__ _
__ _
Bread: W hite.
Graham, wh. wht._
R ye--------------------------Crackers.
.
Plain rolls_________ ________
______ __
Sweet rolls.
Cookies . .
. ____ .
Cakes________ _ ____________
Pies----------O ther. . . _
______
Ready-to-eat cerea Is____. . .
Flour and other cereals, total.
Flour: W h ite___ __ _. . .
Graham
. . . .
Other_________ _____
Corn meal _ . . _
_
_
H om iny____
_. __ _______
Cornstarch__________ __ . . .
Rice___ _ _ ------------ . . .
Rolled oats._ . .
...
. ._
W heat cereal_____ _____ _____
Tapioca____ ______
Sago--------------------------------------M a c a r o n i,
s p a g h e tti,
noodles. _
_ _________ .
Other grain products____ __
Eggs--------------------------------------------M ilk , cheese, ice cream, total_
_
M ilk : Fresh, whole— bottled..
loose____
skimmed_____ _
buttermilk and
other____ __ _
Skimmed, dried_______
Evaporated and con­
densed_______________
Cheese: American__________
Cottage__________ . . .
Other_________________
Ice cre a m ...
_ . . . _____

77

97

88

3.74

5. 37

3. 51

2. 55

3.17

Number of families surveyed in spring quarter---------------Average number of equivalent full-time persons1 per
family in 1 week-------------------------------------------------------------Average number of food expenditure un its2 per family
in 1 week________________________________________________
Number of families
using in 1 week

$600 and
over

45.2

2. 96

2. 23

Average quantity pur­
chased per person Un 1
week

Average expenditure
per person 1 in 1 week

Economic
Economic
level— Fami­
Economic level—
level— Families
lies spending
Families spending
spending per
A ll
per expendi­
A ll
A ll
per expenditure
expenditure
fami­ ture unit per fami­
fami­
unit per year
unit per year
year
lies
lies
lies
U n­ $400 $600
U n­ $400 $600
U n­ $400 $600
der to and
and
der
to
der
to
and
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over

N o. No. No. N o.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

4. 932 4. 993 4. 987 4. 748

Ct.

Ct.

Ct.

3. 262
2.064
.314
.260
. 176
.024
, 109
. 130
. 100
.050
.035
.131
1.539
1.012
0
.033
.021
.003
.025
. 130
. 121
.059
.009
0

3. 293
2.136
.301
.328
. 155
.027
.088
. 125
.095
.034
. 004
.094
1. 606
1.125
0
.044
.016
.007
.019
. 100
. 106
.048
.004
0

3. 406
1.960
.388
.212
. 189
.037
. 176
. 158
. 154
.065
.067
. 162
1. 180
.621
0
.020
.024
0
.028
. 148
. 127
.059
.017
0

31. 6 29.0 28. 8 39 1
16.2 16.0 15.8 17.1
2.8
2.5
2.4
3.8
2.3
2.8
1.8
1.9
2. 1 1.8
2.4
2. 3
.4
.4
.2
.6
1.6
1.2
1.1
2.9
2.4
1.7
2.2
4.0
2.4
2.0
1.3
4.0
.8
.5
.8
1. 2
.1
.6
. 8 1. 3
2.2
1.7
2.5
2.7
9. 9 9.6 11.0 9.1
4.7
5.0
5.4
3.2
0
0
0
0
.3
.3
.2
.2
.1
.2
.1
.1
0
(3)
(3)
(3)
.2
.2
.3
.3
.9
.6
1.2
1.2
1.0
1.2
.8
1.0
1.0
1.2
.8
1.0
.2
.1
.2
.4
0
0
0
0

83
0
0

. 126
0
.770
5. 530
4. 840
.032
.016

. 107 . 136
.137
0
0
0
.635
.858
. 885
4. 628 6.074 6. 373
4. 018 5. 344 5. 590
0
.093 0
.047 0
0

1.5
1.6
1.2
1.7
0
0
0
0
13.8 11.2 15.1 16.6
35. 7 29.0 39.0 43. 3
27. 1 22. 5 30.0 31.3
.3
.1 0
0
.2
.1
0
0

4
0

1
0

. 103
.008

. 114 . 103 .085
0
.018 0

34
39
14
21
13

33
33
16
23
22

.305
.081
.049
.042
.054

.321
.053
.045
.020
.039

236
81
61
122
23
53
90
57
22

75
20
21
37
8
11
28
15
5

84
34
25
50
5
19
30
18
9

77
27
15
35
10
23
32
24
8

135

42

50

43

158
0
15
12
2
34
79
75
58
18
0

52 59
0
0
4
7
5
4
2 (3)
11 13
29 27
25 31
17 29
2
8
0
0

47
0
4
3
0
10
23
19
12
8
0

120
0
253

43
0
75

41
0
94

36
0
84

243
2
1

69
0
0

91
2
1

11
1

6
1

105
101
42
53
44

38
29
12
9
9

3. 132
2.046
.283
.210
. 192
.012
.090
.118
.071
.059
.051
. 155
1. 700
1.131
0
.028
.026
.001
.031
. 156
. 135
.074
.011
0

Ct.

275.1 205. 2 292. 4 375. 2
43. 7 40. 3 42. 3 50.9

.264
.098
.042
.041
.042

.339
. 108
.068
.082
.101

.7
.1

.6
.1

1.0
0

0

2.5
2.0
.6
1.2
1.3

2.5
1.3
.5
.6
.9

2.4
2.3
.5
1.3
1.0

2.8
2.9
1.0
2.3
2.6

.4

1The number of equivalent full-time persons per family in 1 week is computed on the basis of the number
of persons eating meals at home during the week to which the data apply. If a person ate 21 meals during the
week, he was counted as a full-time person for that week. If he ate less than 21 meals, he was counted as
the appropriate decimal equivalent full-time person.
2The number of expenditure units per family in 1 week is computed on the basis of the expenditure units
represented by the equivalent full-time persons eating meals at home during the week to which the data
apply.
3 Less than 0.05 cent.
Notes on this table are in appendix A , p. 380.




205

TABULAR SUMMARY

T able 7.— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
D E T R O IT , M I C H — W H IT E
Number of families
using in 1 week

Item

Food Used at H om e and Purchased
for Consum ption at Home in 1
week —Continued
Eats, total______ ____ _________
B utter______________________
Cream______________________
Other table fats______________
Lard________________________
Vegetable shortening---------------Table or cooking oils__________
Mayonnaise and other salad
dressing___________________
Bacon, smoked_______________
Salt side of pork______________
M eat, poultry, fish and other sea
food, total_________________
Beef:
Fresh: Steak, porterhouse, sir­
loin_________
top round___
other________
Roast, rib__________
chuck_______
other________
Boiling, chuck_______
plate________
other________
Canned___________________
Corned____________________
D ried_____________________
Other...--------------------------------Veal: Fresh, steak, chops_____
roast____________
stew____________
Lamb: Fresh, chops__________
ro a st..__________
stew_.___________
Pork: Fresh, chops___________
loin roast_______
other___________
Smoked ham, slices____
half or whpicnic____
Pork sausage__________
Other pork_-__________
Miscellaneous meats, total______
Other fresh m eat---------------------Bologna, frankfurters________
Cooked: H a m _______________
Tongue_____________
L iver_______________________
Other meat products_________
Poultry: Chicken, broiling_____
roast________
stew________
T u rk e y ______________
Other________________
Fish and other sea food, total___
Fish: Fresh_________________
Canned_______________
Cured_________________
Oysters_____________________
Other sea food_______________

Economic
level— Families spending
All
per expendifami­ ture unit per
lies
year
Un- $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

F A M I L I E S — Continued

Average quantity pur­
chased per person * in 1
week

Average expenditure
per person 1 in 1 week

Economic level—
Families spending
All
per expenditure
fami­
unit per year
lies
U n­
$400 $600
der
and
to
$400 $600 over

Economic
level— Families
spending per
A ll
expenditure
fami­
unit per year
lies
U n­ $400 $600
der
to
and
$400 $600 over

N N N N L. L. L. L.
o. o. o. o. b b b b
219
47
54
188
24
17

61
2
25
63
6
7

87
11
22
71
12
5

71
34
7
54
6
5

116
119
5

29
24
3

37
53
2

50
42
0

1.173 0.870
.284
.417
.082
.008
.113
.146
.244
.194
.029
.018
.072
.050
. 117
.116
.005

.071
.068
.009

1.228 1.650
.432
.641
.045
.276
.122
.038
.272
.286
.038
.033
.024
.040
. 114 .208
.148
.158
.003 0

2. 544 2. 078 2.636 3. 279
82
64
74
46
33
9
65
6
17
6
9
5
0
52
26
23
21
12
4
98
39
33
23
14
9
61
13

13
19
34
9
14
0
25
•2
5
1
1
2
0
7
9
11
2
2
1
20
13
14
6
5
4
20
4

26
31
25
19
5
5
26
3
6
2
5
1
0
25
8
5
7
6
3
41
17
15
6
5
2
22
4

43
14
15
18
14
4
14
1
6
3
3
2
0
20
9
7
12
4
0
37
9
4
11
4
3
19
5

0
123
52
4
28
8
13
12
13

0
46
19
1
11
2
4
4
4

0
46
18
1
9
4
3
3
7

0
31
15
2
8
2
6
5
2

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

58
78
8

15
16
2

4
4

0

0

23
35
3
2
2

20
27
3
2
2

.302
. 137 .061
.120
.115
.103
.125
.122
.147
.196
.119
.098
. 174 . 113 . 181 .278
.052
. 107 .109
. 187
.026 0
.047
.040
. 154 . 153 .178
. 121
.014
.011
.011
.020
.036
.029
.056
.030
.004
.014
.009
.010
.012
.012
.008
.001
.004
.002
.002
.003
0
0
0
0
.074
.122
.038
.088
.096
.081
.076
. 156
.049
.053
.048
.043
.023
.010
.016
.059
.061
.012
. 126 .053
.006
.004
.012 0
.144
.224
.164
.085
.137
.110
.183
.120
.075
.099
.072
.038
.024
.062
.016
.011
.087
.065
.097
.108
.040
.044
.031
.047
.088
.088
.076
.108
.028
.035
.013
.036
.296
.289
.298
.306
0
0
0
0
.182
.204
.208
.213
.061
.047
.043
.043
.004
.012
.002
.001
.031
.037
.031
.027
.015
.014
.004
.010
.054
.142
.023
.031
.032
.064
.063
.107
.104
.062
.040
.040
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

.207
.116
.072

.135
.081
.046

.250
.126

.0 1 1

.0 0 8

.013
.005
.005

.003 0
.005 0

.1 0 1

C C C C
t. t. t. t.
30.3 20.4 32.5 44.9
15.0 10.2 15.6 22.9
1.9
.2
1.1
6.3
1.8
2.2
2.1
.6
4.1
4.6
3.3
4.8
.6
.8
.6
.3
1.0
1.4
.8
.8
2.1
3.7
.1

60.3 44.5
3.9
3.0
2.6
4.2
2.2
.6
2.7
.2
.4
.2
.2
.1
0
2.1
2.2
.9
.7
1.3
.2
4.1
3.6
1.6
.8
2.2
.8
2.3
.6
7.5
0
4.8
1.7
.1
.7
.2
1.4
1.8
1.6
0
0

.280
.166
.078
.014

1.2
2.0
.2

4.3
2.2
1.6
.3

1.6
2.5
3.0
2.2
2.2
0
2.5
.1
.3
f3
)
(3
)
.1
0
1.1
1.9
.9
.3
.3
.1
2.3
2.7
2.0
.3
1.5
.8
2.0
.9
7.1
0
4.8
1.5
.1
.6
.1
.8
1 .8
1 .0
0
0

2.2
1.2
.8

.2

2.0
4.6
.1

3.8
5.3
0

63.4 83. 5
3.2
3.3
2.5
4.6
1.1
1.0
3.2
.3
.4
.2
.3
.1
0
2.5
1.7
.9
.5
2.6
.3
4.7
4.9
1.6
.6
2.7
.7
2.1
.4
7.8
0
5.0
1.7
(3
)
.7
.4
.5

9.2
3.4
2.2
7.4
3.9
1.1
2.5
.2
.6
.2
.3
.1
0
3.3
3.6
1.0
1.8
1.2
0
6.4
3.2
.6
2.0
2.4
1.1
3.0
.6
7.9
0
4.4
2.0
.2
1 .1

2.7

.2
3.7
3.3
.9

0
0

0
0

5.2
2.5
2.2
.3

6.4
3.4
2.1
.4
.2
.3

.8

.0 0 8

.1

0

.1

.014

.1

0

.1

1The number of equivalent full-time persons per family in 1 week is computed on the basis of the num­
ber of persons eating meals at home during the week to which the data apply. If a person ate 21 meals
during the week, he was counted as a full-time person for that week. If he ate less than 21 meals, he was
counted as the appropriate decimal equivalent full-time person.
3 Less than 0.05 cent.
Notes on this table are in appendix A , p. 380.




206

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T able 7.— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
D E T R O I T , M I C H .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S — Continued
Num ber of families
using in 1 week

Item

Economic
level— Fami­
lies spending
All per expendi­
ami- ture unit per
year
lies
Un­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

Average quantity pur­
chased per person 1 in 1
week

Average expenditure
per person 1in week

Economic level—
Families spending
per expenditure
A ll
unit per year
fami­
lies
Un­
$400 $600
and
der
to
$400 $600 over

Economic
level— Families
spending per
A ll
expenditure
fami­ unit per year
lies
U n­ $400 $600
der
to
and
$400 $600 over

F U a H e a dP rch sed
ood sed t om n u a
for C su p a H e in 1
on mtion t om
N N N N L . L. L. L.
o. o. o. o. b b b b
W — Continued
eek
Vegetables and fruits, to ta l4___
Potatoes ________ __ _ __ _____
Sweetpotatoes, yams____________
Dried legumes and nuts, total Dried corn,.
_______
____
Beans: D ry_______ __________
Canned, dried___ _____
Baked, not canned___
Peas: Black-eyed _
_ _______ __
Other ______
____ __ _
Nuts: Shelled___________________
In shell________ ______ __
Peanut butter______ _ ___ __
Other dried legumes and n u ts...
Tomatoes: Fresh_____ ______ _
Canned- __________
Juice___
_____
Sauce, paste ___ _ __
Green and leafy vegetables, total
Brussels sprouts________ ______
Cabbage___ ____________ _ _ _
Sauerkraut __ ______________
Collards_________ ____________
K a l e ._ ____ __ _ ________ - - L e ttu ce _______________________
Spinach: F r e s h ._________ __
Canned. ___ ___ _ .
Other leafy vegetables______
Asparagus: Fresh.
_________
Canned____ ___ .
Lima beans: Fresh _________
Canned_________
Beans, snap (string): Fresh.__
Canned.
Broccoli____ __ _______ __ . . . .
Peas: F r e s h --------------------------Canned_________________
Peppers_________________
Okra____ ______________________
Yellow vegetables, total. _ _____
Carrots___ ____________________
Winter squash and pumpkin..
Other vegetables, total 4__ __
Beets: Fresh______ _ _ _ _ _ _
Canned----------------------Cauliflower...................... __
Celery_________________________
Corn: On ear__________
C a n n e d __________ . . .
Cucumber____________________
Eggplant______
___________
Onions: Mature _ . . . ____
Spring_______ _____
Parsnips,
_ _ ______
Summer sq u ash _____
_____
W hite turnips_______________
Yellow turnips, rutabaga____
Other vegetables.__ ___ . . . _
Pickles and olives. _
Citrus fruits, to ta l._ __ _
L e m o n s___ __
_ ___ _ __
Oranges________
_ ____
Grapefruit: Fresh____________
Canned _ _ ._ _

3
9
8
51
0
27
19
0
40
6
4
1
4
6
3

9. 425
3. 072
.070
. 181
0
.050
.046
0
.002
.020
.007
(2)
.056
0
.105
.123
.082
.011
1.347
0
.392
.055
0
.003
.255
.100
.027
0
.094
.027
.003
.018
. 115
.060
.001
.034
.156
.007
0
.297
.285
.012
.806
.026
.026
.024
.231
.001
.094
.042
0
.221
.035
.024
0
.012
.056
.014

7.100
2. 854
.048
.203
0
.051
.084
0
.003
.011
.003
0
.051
0
.020
. Ill
.020
.008
.937
0
.330
.058
0
.007
. 179
.059
.021
0
.032
0
.004
.011
.059
.059
0
.017
.100
.001
0
.217
.212
.005
.546
.022
.016
.004
.133
0
.073
.027
0
.141
.038
.010
0
.004
.064
.014

28
72
36
0

1.506
.106
.927
.459
.014

.918
.078
.600
.240
0

220
21

67
5

82
9

71
7

0
38
24
0
3
15
13
3
47

0
16
14
0
2
3
1
0
17

0
13
3
0
1
8
6
1
25

0
9
7
0
0
4
6
2
5

66
97
42
10

7
32
4
5

24
45
18
1

35
20
20
4

0
117
36
0
2
196
46
22
0
29
15
3
13
64
40
1
20
111
17
0

0
38
16
0
2
50
10
7
0
3
1
1
4
11
16
0
4
32
2
0

0
38
15
0
0
75
24
3
0
11
4
1
7
28
12
0
7
44
7
0

0
41
5
0
0
71
12
12
0
15
10
1
2
25
12
1
9
35
8
0

169
2

49
0

69
1

51
1

13
22
16
146
1
72
38
0
128
32
12
1
8
22
9

4
5
1
35
0
20
5
0
39
13
2
0
1
8
4

6
8
7
60
1
25
14
0
49
13
6
0
3
8
2

82
201
83
5

23
53
15
0

31
76
32
5

1 See footnote 1, p. 207.
3 Less than 0.06 cent.
4 Does not include pickles and olives.
Notes on this table are in appendix A , p. 380.




10.396
3.284
.083
. 193
0
.054
.008
0
.001
.032
.012
.001
.085
0
.130
.162
.107
.002
1.402
0
.381
.073
0
0
.259
.135
.016
0
.086
.016
.003
.028
.129
.048
0
.030
.186
.012
0
.346
.331
.015
.871
.032
.022
.028
.258
.004
.087
.035
0
.248
.035
.036
0
.011
.056
.019

12. 229
3.152
.091
. 122
0
.041
.036
0
0
.016
.008
.001
.020
0
.224
.089
. 159
.028
2. 021
0
.523
.024
0
0
.389
.123
.056
0
.220
.093
.003
.014
.198
.081
.004
.072
.211
.010
0
.368
.347
.021
1.187
.022
.050
.056
.370
0
.142
.079
0
.327
.032
.032
0
.028
.040
.009

L 610 2. 428
. 112 .147
.964 1. 474
.494
.807
.040 0

C C C C
t. t. t. t.

49.1 30.4 55. 2
3.3
2.7
3.7
.3
.2
.3
2.0
1.7
2. 5
0
0
0
.3
.2
.4
.4
.6
.1
0
0
0
(3)
(3)
(3)
.2
.1
.3
.2 (3)
.3
0
(3)
(3
)
.9
.8
1.4
0
0
0
1.3
.2
1.4
1.1
1.0
1.4
.7
.2
.9
.1
.1
.1
10.4
6.7 11.2
0
0
0
1.3
1.2
1.1
.4
.4
.5
0
0
0
.1
0
(3
)
2.7
1.9
2.6
.8
.5
1.0
.3
.2
.2
0
0
0
.5
.1
.6
.2
.0
.3
(3
)
(3
)
(3)
.2
.1
.3
1.0
.5
1.1
.5
.5
.4
0
0
(3
)
.3
.1
.3
2.0
1.1
2.4
.2 (3
.4
)
0
0
0
1.5
1.1
1.8
1.5
1.1
1.8
(3
)
(3
)
(3
)
6.6
3.9
6.9
.1
.1
.2
.2
.1
.2
.3 (3
.3
)
1.7
.9
1.8
0
(3)
(3
)
.8
1.0
1.0
.4
.2
.4
0
0
0
1.2
.8
1.3
.3
.3
.3
.1 (3
.1
)
0
0
0
.1 (3
.1
)
.2
.2
.1
.1
.1
.2
.4
.9
.9
9.6
5.6 10.5
.7
.5
.8
7.3
4.4
7.7
1.5
.7
1.6
.1
0
.4

6 Less than 0.0005 pounds.

73. 7
4.1
.5
1 6
0
.2
.3
0
0
.2
.5
.1
.3
0
3.4
.9
1.5
.3
16. 0
0
1.8
.1
0
0
4.2
.9
.6
0
1.2
.7
(3
)
.1
1.7
.8
.1
.7
2.8
.3
0
2.1
2.0
.1
10.9
.1
.5
.7
2.7
0
1.6
1.0
0
1.7
.3
.1
0
.2
.1
.1
1.8
15.9
1.0
12.1
2.8
0

207

TABULAR SUMMARY

T able 7.— Food used at home and 'purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
D E T R O IT , M IC H .—W H IT E F A M IL IE S —Continued
Number of families
using in 1 week

Item

Economic
level— Fami­
lies spending
per expendi­
A ll ture unit per
fami­
year
lies

Average quantity pur­
chased per person 1 in 1
week

All
fami­
lies

Economic level—
Families spending
per expenditure
unit per year

Economic
level— Families
spending per
expenditure
A ll
fami­ unit per year
lies

$600
and
over

U n­ $400 $600
der
and
to
$400 $600 over

U n­
der
$400

U n­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

$400
to
$600

Fo U a H e a dP rch sed
o d sed t om n u a
for C su p a H e in 1
on mtion t om
W — Continued
eek
N N N N L. L. L. L.
o. o. o. o. b b b b
Apples: F r e sh _______________ __
C anned------------------------Apricots: Fresh_________ _
Canned___ ______ __ __
Bananas____________ ________ __ Berries: F r e s h .-------------C a n n e d ------------ _ _ _
Cherries: F r e sh _________ . __
Canned— ___ ___ _
Grapes: Fresh___________
C anned.. ___ __ . ___
Peaches: Fresh_______ ___ _ __
C a n n e d ... _________
Pears: Fresh_________________
_
Canned_________________
Pineapple: Fresh______ ___ _
C a n n e d _________ __
M elon s.. _
_______ __ _ _ __
Plums: Fresh. _
___________
Canned __
_ __ _
Other f r u i t . . . _________ _ ______
Cider______________________ ___
Grape j u i c e . -----------------------------Other fruit juices
Dried: Apricots______
______
Peaches. __ ___ __ __
Prunes__________
___
R aisin s... _ _ _
D a te s.. _ - . ___ _
Figs--------------------------------Other________ -__ _
Sugars and sweets, total __ __ _
Sugars: W h ite. ____________

181
10
0
4
146
41
22
1
18
0
2
1
57
1
32
5
39
1
0
7
7
0
8
3
5
0
61
43
11
3
2

50
4
0
1
41
4

5
0
7
0
0
0
12
0
6
0
6
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
17
11
1
1
0

75
3
0
0
61
15
10
1
9
0
2
0
34
0
19
3
12
0
0
4
2
0
5
1
3
0
27
21
3
1
0

56
3
0
3
44
22
7
0
2
0
0
1
11
1
7
2
21
1
0
2
4
0
2
2
1
0
17
11
7
1
2

1.825
.837
.018
0
.003
.475
.068
.012
0
.011
0
.018
0
.065
0
.029
.016
.060
.010
0
.007
.013
0
.012
.003
.004
0
.093
.055
.010
.004
.003
1.020
.793

Average expenditure
per person 1 in 1 week

1.218
.624
.021
0
0
.338
.021
.011
0
.012
0
0
0
.045
0
.010
0
.021
0
0
0
.002
0
.010
0
.001
0
.067
.030
.003
.002
0
1.037
.839

2.206
1.006
.012
0
0
.543
.062
.008
0
.013
0
.051
0
. 110
0
.053
.020
.060
0
0
.013
.015
0
.012
.004
.009
0
. 114
.082
.082
.006
0
1.716
1. 492

2. 360
.972
.018
0
.013
.624
.162
.022
0
.007
0
0
0
.035
0
.026
.038
. 131
.043
0
.010
.032
0
.016
.009
.003
0
. 109
.058
.019
.005
.008
1. 468
1.182

C C C C
t. t. t. t.

12. 2
3.9
.1
0

7.0 14. 5 16. 5
2.6
4.8
4.9
.1
.1
.1
0
0
0
.2
0
0
(3)
2.6
3.3
1.9
3.0
1.0
2.4
.3
.8
.2
.1
.1
.3
0
0
0
0
.1
.1
.1
.1
0
0
0
0
.1 0
.2
0
0
0
0
0
.7
1.1
.4
.5
0
0
0
0
.3
.1
.5
.3
.2
.2
.1
0
.7
.3
.7
.7
0
.2
0
(3
)
0
0
0
0
.1
.1
.1
0
. 1 (3
.3
)
(3
)
0
0
0
0
.2
.2
.1
.3
.1
0
.1
(3
)
. 1 (3
.2
.1
)
0
0
0
0
1.2
1.0
1.2
.6
.6
.5
.3
.9
.2 (3
.2
.4
)
. 1 (3
.3
)
(3)
.1
0
0
(3
)
9.3
6.6 10.9 11.2

72
6.0 4.4 7.7 6.4
226 68 86
.2
.3
_____
34 13 14
.3
.3
Brown - __
7
.038 .033 .040 .045
1.2
.8 1.3 1.6
Other sweets: C a n d y .______
51 15 21
15
.049 .036 .060 .056
Jellies. ___
64 22 27
15
.057 .076 .041 .046
.8
.7
.7
.8
.5
Molasses, sirups. _
15
.083 .053 .083 . 139
1.0
.9 2.1
50 16 19
0
Other sweets__
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Miscellaneous, total
____
25.1 16.8 25. 5 40.5
.012 .013 .014 .009
.4
22
.3
.3
.4
G e la tin e... __ __ _ _ _ __
8
6
8
.5 1.0 1.4
21
Packaged dessert mixtures. _
.035 .019 .047 .046
.9
58 15 22
Tea________________ ____ _
44
.050 .036 .053 .072
2. 7 1.6 2.6 4.8
128 38 46
7.4 6.5 6.8 10.2
Coffee________
_ _____ _
236 72 88
76
.287 .256 .260 .384
Cocoa______ _ .
___ . . . . _
.034 .039 .036 .022
.5
.6
.6
.3
48 20 19
9
.2
.1
1
6
1
.006 .003 .012 .002
.3 (3)
Chocolate_____ . _____ ____
.2
.2
.2
.3
Vinegar. ______
__ ___ _
.5
.4
.3
.5
Salt_________________________
.4
Baking powder, yeast, soda___
.5
.3
.7
.3
.2
.2
.4
Spices and extracts.____ ______
.7
.5 1.1
Catsups, sauces___________ _ _
.7
.072 .069 .066 .085
54 20 19
15
.9
Tomato s o u p ... _ _______
.9
.9 1.2
.5 1.1 1.9
Other soups___________ _ ___
54 14 21
.075 .041 .080 . 131
1.0
19
1.6 1.3 1.6 2.1
Cod-liver oil___________ . . . _.
26
8 11
7
.015 .011 .016 .023
.3 1.3 1.6
Proprietary foods. . . . _ .
25
5 11
9
.018 .008 .024 .025
.9
.1
1
.3
5
3
.010 .010 .015 (5)
.3
.5
Other foods----------------------- _ _
9
.1
.2 1.7
11
2
.5
Soft drinks consumed at home. __
3
6
.058 .018 .028 .177
2.1 6.1 12.1
14 25
Other drinks consumed at home.
71
32
.555 .226 .663 1.043
5.8
Sales tax on food. _
1
7.8 6.0 8.5 10.6
i The number of equivalent full-time persons per family in 1 week is computed on the basis of the number
of persons eating meals at home during the week to which the data apply. If a person ate 21 meals during
the week, he was counted as a full-time person for that week. If he ate less than 21 meals, he was counted as
the appropriate decimal equivalent full-time person.
3 Less than 0.05 cent.
6 Less than 0.0005 pound.
Notes on this table are in appendix A, p. 380.




8

208

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T able 7.— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
G R A N D R A P ID S , M I C H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S

All fami­
lies

Item

Economic level— Families spending
per expenditure unit per year
$600 and
over

Under $400 $400 to $600
130

49

23

4. 33

3.15

2.44

303
.

3. 67

2. 66

2.20

Average quantity pur­
chased per person1in 1
week

Economic
level— Fami­
lies spending
per expendi­
All
fami ture unit per
year
lies
U n­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

Average expenditure
per person 1 in 1 week

Economic level—
Families spending
per expenditure
All
unit per year
fami­
lies
U n­
$400 $600
der
and
to
$400 $600 over

Number of families
using in 1 week

Item

58

3. 55

Number of families surveyed in spriDg quarter--------------Average number of equivalent full-time persons 1 per
family in 1 week-------------------------------------------------------------Average number of food expenditure units2 per family in
1 week____________________________________________________

Economic
level— Families
spending per
All
expenditure
fami­ unit per year
lies
Un­ $400 $600
der
to
and
$400 $600 over

F U a H e a dP rch sed
ood sed t om n u a
F C su p a H e in
or on mtion t om
1W
eek
N N N N L. L. L. L.
o. o. o. o. b b b b
Total
_________ - - - - Grain products, total
_ __ _
Bread and other baked goods,
total
. _ _ _
Bread: W hite_______________
Graham, wh. wheat.
R ye-------------------------Crackers.
_
Plain rolls_____
-----------Sweet rolls
_________
Cookies.. _______ __
-Cakes _ _
P i e s _____
. . . .
- -_
Other
_______ _
_
Ready-to-eat cereals---------- Flour and other cereals, total
Flour: W hite _
---------Graham. _
___ __
Other______ _ _
Corn meal ________ ______ —
H o m in y ._______
. ... _
Cornstarch . . .
Rice____________________ - Rolled oats. _ .
_ --------Wheat cereal___
. - ...
Tapioca____ _. ------------------Sago __________ . . . ---------Macaroni, spaghetti, noodles.
Other grain products .
Eggs--------------------------------------------M ilk, cheese, ice cream, total___
M ilk : Fresh, whole— bottled._
loose___
skimmed. __
buttermilk and
other___ __ _.
Skimmed, dried____ __
Evaporated and con­
densed _
________
Cheese: American _ _ . . . . . .
Cottage. ___ . . .
Other. ________ __ _
Icecream. .
_______ _______

4.084 4.070 4.128
121
53
20
63
16
24
59
24
15

53
19
10
30
7
7
31
8
5

45
25
8
23
6
12
21
10
7

23
9
2
10
3
5
7
6
3

68

29

29

10

107
6
14
5
3
22
35
52
31
13
0
54
0
125

48
5
5
3
1
11
16
27
12
5
0
27
0
54

42
1
7
2
2
7
16
21
13
8
0
20
0
49

17
0
2
0
0
4
3
4
6
0
0
7
0
22

126
0
4

56
0
3

48
0
1

22
0
0

0
0

0
0

201 16
31 28
6i
9
4
4
10i
1

5
5
7
3
1

0'
1
41
64:
22:
11
12:

0I
1

4.038

2. 534 2.428
1. 634 1.641
.313
.226
.106
.154
.155
. 129
.030
.033
.042
.027
.145
.140
.051
.031
.019
.007
.039 .040
.128
.098
1.422 1. 544
.937 1.061
.024
.045
.054
.038
0
0
.008
.011
.011 .006
.085
.099
.118
.137
.062
.061
.013
.007
0
0
.107
.082
0
0
.746
.664
5. 640i 5.231
5.130| 4.713
■0
0
.092: . 129

3. 025
2. 009
.402
.028
.169
.024
.084
. 120
.117
.036
.036
.170
.843
.551
0
.061
0
0
0
0
.024
.082
0
0
.125
0
1.046
6.152
5. 640
0
0

0

0

2. 529
1.486
.421
.057
.192
.027
.052
.161
.061
.033
.039
.161
1. 438
.874
0
.078
0
.020
.024
.094
.122
.058
.028
0
.140
0
.772
6.124
5. 624
0
.067

.008.

0
.016 0

.175i
.118;
.059i
.013;
.045i

.165
.115■
.025
.008■
.060i

0
0
.199
.134
.057
.018.
.025.*

C C C C
t. t. t. t.

213.7 176.0 237.7 315. 7
37.0 34.6 38.6 4 4 ! 0
25.6
13.6
3.0
1.1
2.0
.4
.8
2.4
1.3
.4
.6
2.1
9.3
4.7
.2
.5
0
.1
.1
.5
.9
.9
.2
0
1.2
0
12.5
30.0
24.0
0
.1

23. 5
13.2
2.1
1.6
1.8
.4
.6
2.1
.7
.3
.7
1.6
9.5
5.1
.3
.5
0
(3)
.1
.6
1.0
.7
.2
0
1.0
0
11.2
27.8
21.7
0
.2

26.4
12.9
3.9
.6
2.3
.4
.9
2.7
1.6
.6
.5
2.6
9 6
4 4
*.
0
.4
0
.1
.2
.5
1.0
1.0
.4
0
1.6
0
13.3
32.4
26.3
0
.1

33.7
1L 3
4.3
.4
2.6
.3
1. 7
3.0
2.9
.4
.8
3 !l
7. 2
3’ 4
.
0
.8
0
0
0
0
.2
1.4
0
0
1.4
0
16.3
34 6
27.7
0
0

0

0

0
0

0
0

1.7
2.9
.6
.4
.4

1.3
2.0
2.1
.9
.6

.1

.1

.152
1.4
1.3
.087
2.6
2.6
.221
.6
.3
.022
.4
.4
.030 1 .8■ 1.2

1 The number of equivalent full-time persons per family in 1 week is computed on the basis of the number
of persons eating meals at home during the week to which the data apply. If a person ate 21 meals during
the week, he was counted as a full-time person for that week. If he ate less than 21 meals, he was counted
as the appropriate decimal equivalent full-time person.
2 The number of expenditure units per family in 1 week is computed on the basis of the expenditure units
represented b y the equivalent full-time persons eating meals at home during the week to which the data
ap&

s than 0.05 cent.

Notes on this table are in appendix A , p. 380.




209

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

7 .—

Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
G R A N D R A P ID S , M I C H —W H IT E F A M IL IE S —Continued
Average quantity pur­
chased per person1in 1
week

Number of families
using in 1 week

Item

F U a H e a dP rch sed
ood sed t om n u a
for C su p a H e in 1
on mtion t om
W — on tinued
eek C
Butter____ - - - - - - - Cream. __ ___
-------------Other table fats_
___ ____ Lard-------------------- - --------Vegetable shortening___
- Table or cooking oils..
_
Mayonnaise and other salad
dressing___
___ __
Bacon, smoked,__ _
___
Salt side of pork____
M eat, poultry, fish and other sea

Economic
level— Fami­
lies spending
per expendi­
All
fami­ ture unit per
year
lies
U n - :$400 $600
der to and
$400 !$600 over

No. No. No.

Average expenditure
per person1 in 1 week

Economic level—
Families spending
per expenditure
All
unit per year
fami­
lies
U n­ $400 $600
and
to
der
$400 $600 over

Economic
level— Families
spending per
All
expenditure
fami­ unit per year
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
der
and
to
$400 $600 over

L. L. L. L.
b b b b

No.

98
28
46
88
3
4

39
6
26
45
1
1

38
12
16
31
1
2

21
10
4
12
1
1

39
49
10

16
19
8

16
21
2

7
9
0

1.080 0. 931 1.174 1.655
.252
.343
.381
.646
.081
.023
.086
.331
.179
.207
.177
.063
.255
.249
.263
.260
.008
.042 .008
.024
.007
.001
.008
.028
.108
.079
.020

.084
.048
.025

.131
.100
.020

.148
.155
0

1.982 1.662 2.103 3.081
Beef:
Fresh: Steak, p o r te r h o u s e ,
sirloin
__ - top round. _
other,_
______
Roast, rib_
chuck___
other... __
Boiling, chuck
_ plate.
, ___
other._ ,
Canned. _
___ ----- --C orned.. _ __ ----------------- _
Dried. __ ___
______________
____ ________
O th er...
Veal: Fresh, steak, chops.
roast_____
__ __
stew__
Lam b: Fresh, chops. . _ ______

41
28
5
29
9
8
20
1
8

4
7
13
33
10
12
5
3

17
9
2
8
5
6
12

0

5
4
2
6
18
1
5
1
0

18
12
2
15
2
1
8
1
1
0
4
4
10
5
4
3
1

6
7
1
6
2
1
0
0
2
0
1
3
5
4
3
1
2

.157
.202
.130
.085
.052
.098
.017
.008
.030
.186
.105
.275
.072
.072
.053
.068
.085
.031
.121
.129
.143
.008 0
.024
.044
.036
.006
.002 0
.001
.025
.010
.003
.010
.010 .011
.107
.113
.088
.022 .002
.035
.109 .091
.100
.020 .008
.026
.008
.010 0

.154
.199
.024
.303
.121
.097
0
0
.077
0
0
.012
.130
.075
.213
.061

a. a. a. C
t.

26.7 21.4 28.7 44.6
12.6 9.9 13.2 22.6
1.8
.5
7.6
1.7
3.0
3.4
3.2
1.2
4.4
4.2
4.5
4.6
.2
.1
.2
.5
.1 (3
.1
.6
)
1.8
2.4
.4

1.4
1.4
.5

2,1
3.3
.4

2.8
47
0

39.3 30.0 44.4 67.8
3.5
1.9
.3
3.5
1.3
1.3
2.0
.1
.4
(*>
.3

.4
1.7
.6
2.2
.3

2.5
1.0
.2
1.9
1.3
1.4
2.3
0
.5

(3
)

.1
.3
1.8

(3
)

1.8
.1

5.1
2.2
.4
5.2
1.0
.5
2.4
.3
.1
0
.6
.4
1.4
.9
2.0
.4

3.7
4.8
.4
6.4
2.3
3.2
0
0
.6
0
0
.6
2.1
1.9
4.6
1.1

.2 0
.057
.2 1.3
4
.9 0
4
.047 0
.387
roast
___ .
0
0
7.5
0
0
0
0
0
stew
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0
0
2.4 2.4 2.3 3.2
32 15 12
5
.094 .094 .086 .110
Pork: Fresh, chops___
__ 1.4
loin roast
10
3
3
4
. 058 .032 .067 .148
.6 1.7 4.1
21
9
.072 .046 .067 .206
1.6
other
,
...
9
3
.9 1.5 4.5
.8
1
Smoked ham, slices___
6
2
3
.033 .042 .012 .048
.9
.4 1.4
2
.016 .014 .024 0
.3
.5 0
half or wh_
1
1
.3
0
picnic___
2
.048 .032 .091 0
1.0
3
1
0
.7 1.8 0
1.2 1.3
24 13
4
Pork sausage.
.056 .063 .035 .082
.7 1.9
7
0
0
Other pork.
1
0
1
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
Miscellaneous meats, total
.252 .215 .313 .249
5.5 4.1 7.0 7.6
.2
.1
Other fresh m ea t...
_ _ - __
2l
.010 .004 .024 0
.2
1
1
0
.7
Bologna, frankfurters. _ .. . . . .
.149 .141 .184 .090
2.9 2.6 3.6 1.9
51 21 24
6
.025 .013 .032 .062
5
5
.5 1.4 2.5
18i
1.0
Cooked: H a m ,.
__________
8
Tongue____
______
0
0
0
0
0i
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
.034: .037 .040 0
.5
15.
.5
.7 0
8
7
0
L ive r.
__ _ _ ------------------.034 .020 .033 .097
Other meat products. .
.9|
.4 1.1 2.5
161 6
3
7
1
.3 0
.8 0
Poultry: Chicken, broiling
....
0
.010i 0
.031 0
0i
1
roast... _
1
.1
.2 0
0
1
0
.005i .009 0
0
0i
stew_.
. _
.012! 0
.9 0
1
.036 0
.3; 0
1
0
0i
Tu rkey. . . . _ ___ .
C
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1 0l
01
0
Other. . . __ ______ ___
1
1
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
01
0
3.5i 3.4: 3.7 4.6
Fish and other sea food, total. _
.2461 .247' .200i .328
1.5i 1.7 1.2: 1.5
2
. 125i .144: .072! .191
255 131 7
Fish: Fresh____ _______________
.098> .089i .097' .137
1.7’ 1.5i 1.7 3.1
6
Canned _
4fi
t 15i
.2!
.2!
.3 0
A 5! 5!
l
0
.011. .014: .012! 0
C ured .. _____ ________ _
.1. 0
.4 0
1
.016; o
l C 55 0' .005i 0
Oysters, _ ___ _________ ____
0'
.003i o
0
.1 0
.001. 0
Other sea food . .
_ ... _
]L C
)
1
(3
)
1 The number of equivalent full-time persons per family in 1 week is computed on the basis of the number
of persons eating meals at home during the week to which the data apply. I f a person ate 21 meals during
the week, he was counted as a full-time person for that week. I f he ate less than 21 meals, he was counted as
the appropriate decimal equivalent full-time person.
3 Less than 0.05 cent.
Notes on this table are in appendix A, p. 380.




2
4

210
T

EAST

NORTH

C E N TR A L REGION

a b l e 7.— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1

week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
G R A N D R A P ID S , M I C H — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — Continued
Num ber of families
using in 1 week

Item

Economic
level— Fami­
lies spending
per expendi­
All
fami­ ture unit per
year
lies
U n­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

Average quantity pur­
chased per person1 in
1 week

Average expenditure
per person 1 in 1 week

Economic level—
Families spending
per expenditure
All
unit per year
fami­
lies
U n­
$400 $600
der
to
and
$400 $600 over

Economic
level— Families
spending per
All
expenditure
fami­ unit per year
lies
U n­ $400 $600
der
to
and
$400 $600 over

F U a H ea dP rch sed
ood sed t om n u a
for C su p a H e in 1
on mtion t om
N N N N L. L. L. L.
o. o. o. o. b b b b
W — Continued
eek

Vegetables and fruits, to ta l4 __ _
----------Potatoes__________
Sweetpotatoes, yams
_____
Dried legumes and nuts, total_
Dried corn__
_ __________ _
Beans: D ry ___ __ _______ __
Canned, dried- __ _
Baked, rot canned___
Peas: Black-eyed_______ __
Other
________ ___
Nuts: Shelled._ ___
_ __ _
In shell. ___ __
__ __
Peanut butter______________ __
Other dried legumes and nuts
Tomatoes: Fresh______ _____
Canned___
Juice. _ _ _ _ _ _
Sauce, paste___ _ Green and leafy vegs., total__
Brussels sprouts____________ __
Cabbage- ___________________ _
Sauerkraut ____________ ___
Collards_______________________
_______________- . _
K a le ..
Lettuce. _____________________
Spinach: Fresh___ _______ __
C anned-. __________
Other leafy vegetables_____ _
Asparagus: Fresh— ______
Canned___ __ ___
Lima beans: Fresh____ _ ___
Canned____ _ _
Beans, snap (string): Fresh___
CannedBroccoli ______ _ __ _ _ ___
Peas: Fresh-_ ________ _______
Canned__________ __
Peppers.
___________________
Okra._ ________ _________
_ _
Yellow vegetables, total. _
Carrots.
_ __________
____
Winter squash and pum pkin.
Other vegetables, to ta l4
_ _
___
______
Beets: Fresh—

Canned. _ _ _ _ _ . _
Cauliflower. ________
C e le r y .___________________
Corn: Onear__ _____
___
C anned.. __ _ _
_
Cucumber
__________
Eggplant------------------------------Onions: M a t u r e . _______
Spring.. ___ _ .
Parsnips_______
_______
Summer squash
_____
W hite turnips. __ _______
Yellow turnips, rutabaga. __ _
Other vegetables.
___ _ _ _
Pickles and olives..
Citrus fruits, total__ ____ _____
Lem ons__________
______
Oranges. _ _____
_______
Grapefruit: Fresh. ____
Canned
_ _ __

0

0

0

0

8. 521
3.320
.022
. 194
0
.107
.003
0
.016
.012
.006
.001
.049
0
.022
.105
.018
.001
1.048
.003
.283
.035
0
0
.173
.028
.090
.008
.101
.013
0
.012
.044
.070
0
.005
.183
0
0
.318
.272
.046
.518
0

18
5
46
1
40
7
0
61
4
8
0
1
9
7

13
0
19
0
20
2
0
32
1
4
0
0
3
3

4
1
16
1
13
1
0
17
3
4
0
0
5
3

1
4
11
0
7
4
0
12
0
0
0
1
1
1

.006
.013
. 141
.003
.102
.012
0
. 132
.006
.034
0
.012
.046
.011

27
76
33
7

10
29
11
2

9
34
13
3

13

123
6

56
1

44
5

23
o

0
28
2
0
6
3
10
2
27

0
14
0
0
2
2
4
1
16

0
14
1
0
1
1
4
1
10

6
0
1
0
3
0
2
0
1

7
75
7
6

0
40
3
3

1
26
3
0

6
9
1
3

1
57
16
0
0
99
11
23
1
13
7
1
5
10
38
0
1
52
1
0

0
26
10
0
0
44
1
8
0
3
2
0
4
1
19
0
0
17
0
0

0
21
4
0
0
41
5
9
1
6
3
1
0
6
13
0
1
21
1
0

1
10
2
0
0
14
5
6
0
4
2
0
1
3
6
0
0
14
0
0

76
6

29
3

32
2

15
1

8
9

2

1. 254
.050
.734
.454
.016

6. 868
2.799
.007
. 172
0
.103
0
0
.009
.013
.003
.001
.043
0
0
.094
.008
0
.832
0
. 254
.041
0
0
.154
.002
.060
0
.060
.011
0
.016
.008
.066
0
0
.160
0
0
.231
.182
.049
.414

9. 710 12. 695
4.036 3. 687
.055
0
.260
. 121
0
0
.153 0
.010 0
0
0
.008
.073
.016 0
.014 0
0
0
.059
.048
0
0
.016
. 135
.134
.076
.023
.050
0
.009
1.151 1.766
0
.024
.406
.287
.038 0
0
0
0
0
.201
.178
.091
.047
.073
.267
.024 0
. 114 .249
.018
.048
0
0
0
.028
.090
.073
.050
.085
0
0
.016 0
.157
.352
.001 0
0
0
. 375 . 549
.354
.452
.021
.097
. 536 .930

0
.011
0
.099
0
.098
.006
0
. 127
.002
.030
0
0
.029
.012

0
0
.016
. 149
.008
.103
.004
0
.118
.016
.051
0
0
.063
.008

0
0
.063
.309
0
. 112
.062
0
.196
0
0
0
.097
.073
.018

.830 1.469 2. 567
.035 .048 .118
.507 .890 1.327
.277 .517 1.076
.011 .014 .046

C C C C
t. t. t. t.

38.0
2.7
.1
1.8
0
.5

(3
)

0
.2
.1
.2

(3
)

.8

0
.3
.9
.2
(3
)
9.2
.1
1.2
.2
0
0
2.3
.3
.9

(3
)

.5
.3

0
.1

.4
.7
0
.1
2.1

(3
)

0
1.6
1.4
.2
4.3

28. 2 42.1 66.7
2.2
3.1
3.9
.3
0
(3
)
1. 6 2 5 1. 6
0
o'
o'
.5
.6
0
0
.1
0
0
0
0
.1
.1
.9
.2
.2
0
.1
.5
0
0
0
0
1.0
.7
.7
o
0
o
0
.3
2.0
.9
1.1
.8
.1
.2
.4
0
0
0
6.6
9. 7 17. 4
0
0
1.0
1.1
2.1
.2
.3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.9
2.7
3.1
.3 1.1
0
.6 3.0
.5
0
.1
0
.3
.7
.9
.2
.3
.7
0
0
0
.1
0
.2
.1
.7
.7
.6
.9
.6
0
0
0
0
.2
0
1.7
1.8
4.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.2
1.9
2.8
1.0
1.8
2.6
.2
.1
.2
3.3
4. 5 8 3

'.Q

0
.1
.1
1.0
(3
)
1.1
.1
0
.7
.1
.1
0
(3
)

0
0
o'
.1 0
0
0
.2
.7
.6 1.0 2.8
0
0
0
1.1 1.1 1.3
.1
.1
.8
0
0
0
.6
.6 1.0
.2 0
0
.1
.2
0
0
0
0
0
0
.2
.2
.1
.2
.4
.1
.1
.1
.2
.7
.5
.8
.9
6.9 4. 5 7.7 13.4
.5
.3
.4 1.2
4.4 3.0 5.5 7.5
1.8 1.1 1.7 4.1
.2
.1
.1
•6

1 The number of equivalent full-time persons per family in 1 week is computed on the basis of the number
of persons eating meals at home during the week to which the data apply. If a person ate 21 meals during
the week, he was counted as a full-time person for that week. If he ate less than 21 meals, he was counted
as the appropriate decimal equivalent full-time person.
3 Less than 0.05 cent.
4 Does not include pickles and olives.
6 Less than 0.0005 pound.
Notes on this table are in appendix A , p. 380.




211

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

a

b

l

7.-— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
e
week in spring quarter, hy economic level— Continued
G

R A N D

F o o d U sed at H o m e and P u rch a sed
fo r C o n su m p tio n at H o m e in 1
W eek

—Continued

Apples: F r e s h ______ _________
C a n n e d .____ _______
Apricots: Fresh______ ______
C anned. _ __ _____
B a n a n a s___ ______________ Berries: F r e s h .____ __________
Canned_______ ________
Cherries: Fresh. __ ________
Canned. _ _________
Grapes: Fresh. _____________ _
Canned _____________
Peaches: Fresh. __ __ _______
Canned______ ___ ____
Pears: Fresh __________ _ _ _ _
Canned
____ _______
Pineapple: Fresh__ __ __ ___
Canned ___________
M elons. _ ______ _____________ _
Plums: F re sh __________ ____
Canned _ _____ ______
Other fru it... ____ ________ _ .
Cider. __________ ________ __
Grape juice____________ ________
Other fruit juices _ _ ______
Dried: Apricots. ________ _ _
Peaches_____ ___________

_
P r u n e s .________ ._ _
Raisins
________ ______
Dates _ . . .
____
Figs___ _____ . . . ________
Other. _______ . . . _____
Sugars and sweets, total. _ __ _
Sugars: W hite _
._ . . . ____
Brown
__ _ _______ __
Other sweets: Candy___________
Jellies. _ ______ __
Molasses, sirups..
Other sweets _ _
Miscellaneous, total
____
Gelatine _ __ _
_
_
. . . ___
Packaged dessert mixtures __ __
Tea.
__________ _ __
__ _
C o f f e e .. _
_ _________ __
. ..
Cocoa___ __
_ ___________
C hocolate... _ . . . . ____ ______
Vinegar.. _____ __
_____
Salt_______
_ _ ___
...
.
Baking powder, yeast, so d a ... .
Spices and extracts ___________
Catsups, sauces. _ . . .
_ _
Tomato soup . . . . _______ _ _
Other soups.
_
_______ _ _
Cod-liver oil . . .
______ ___
Proprietary foods. ______ _____
Other foods. ___ ________ ______
Soft drinks consumed at hom e..
Other drinks consumed at home.
Sales tax on food_____________ _____
1
T
o f p e r
th e w
a s th e
3 L e

h e n
s o n s
e e k ,
a p p
s s t h

u m b e r
e a tin g
h e w a s
r o p r ia t
a n 0 .0 5




M

I C H

.— W

H

I T E

quantity
Num ber of families Average per personpur­
chased
1 in
using in 1 week
1 week
Econom ic
level—FamiEconomic level—
lies spending
Families spending
per expendi­ All per expenditure
All
unit
fami­ ture year per fami­ unit per year
lies
lies
U n­ $400 $600
Un- $400 $600
der to and
der to and
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over

Item

_

R A P I D S ,

N o. N o .

N o.

N o.

Lb.

54
8
0
1
84
6
23
0
31
0
0
0
34
0
25
2
29
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
5
0

25
3
0
0
38
4
11
0
17
0
0
0
13
0
9
1
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0

19
4
0
0
32
1
8
0
8
0
0
0
13
0
11
0
13
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
1

13
11
2
0
0

0
9
8
3
0
0

130
49
33
39
17

58
20
13
14
9

49
22
18
19
7

23
7
2
6
1

3
55
71
125
36
6

3
23
32
55
19
2

0
27
28
48
14
3

0
5
11
22
3
1

23
11
18
13

8
3
9

9
6
8

0
1
8

3

6
2
1
2
1
2
2

24
23
6
0
0

4

7
18

o f e q u iv a
m e a ls a t
c o u n t e d
e d e c im a
c e n t.

4

10
1
0
1
14
1
4
0
6
0
0
0
8
0
5
1
7
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3

0
2
4
1
0
0

7

4

8

le n t
h o m
a s a
l e q u

fu
e
f u
iv

Lb.

Lb.

Lb.

1.701
.717
.011
0
.002
.635
.030
.003
0
.031
0
0
0
.043
0
.022
.010
.064
0
0
0
0
0
.003
.012
.008

1.481
.692
0
0
0
.521
.039
0
0
.011
0
0
0
.041
0
.010
.008
.032
0
0
0
0
0
0
.008
0

1. 655
.576
.032
0
0
.678
.012
.010
0
.043
0
0
0
.036
0
.010
0
.115
0
0
0
0
0
.008
.021
.008

2. 805
1. 218
0
0
.018
1.030
.036
0
0
.091
0
0
0
.072
0
.103
.048
.065
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.048

.062
.034
.014
0
0
1.608
1.357
.095
.067
.012
.077
0

.080
.037
.002
0
0
1.274
1.044
.085
.054
.010
.081
0

.049
.023
.034
0
0
2.034
1.706
.110
.102
.016
.100
0

.014
.048
.014
0
0
1.962
1.795
.097
.026
.014
0
0

0

.002
.056
.040
.267
.025
.004

0

0

.003 0
0
.045
.082
.034
.033
.044
.060
.223
.307
.357
.012
.024
.034
.003
.004 0

.073
.062
.035
.025
.022
.008
.015
.005
.008 0
.034
.008
.185
.104

ll-tim
d u r in
ll-tim
a le n t

0

.073
. 120
.054
.026
.050 0
.042
.023
.016
.018
.140
.036
.327
.157

e -p e r s o n s
g th e w e e
e p e r s o n
fu ll-tim e
N o

F A M

I L I E S —

C o n tin u

Average expenditure
per person 1 in 1 week
Economic
level-—Families
spenamg per
All expenditure
fami­ unit per year
lies
U n­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over
C t.

10.0
2.7
.1
0
(3)
3.6
.3
(3)
0
.3
0
0
0
.5
0
.2
.1
.8
0
0
0
0
0
(3)
.1
.2
0

C t.

7.8
2.3
0
0
0
2.9
.4
0
0
.1
0
0
0
.4
0
.1
.1
.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
.1
0

C t.

10. 8
2.8
.3
0
0
3.9
.1
.1
0
.4
0
0
0
.4
0
.1
0
1.4
0
0
0
0
0
00
.1
.2

C t.

16.1
4.0
0
0
.3
5.6
.3
0
0
1.1
0
0
0
.8
0
.9
.4
1.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1.0

0
0
0
.5
.6
.5
.2
.4
.4
.2
.4
.l
.2 (3
.3
)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10.3
8.7 12.7 11.6
7.3
5.7 9.1
9.7
.6
.5
.7
.6
1.3
1.4
1.9
.8
.2
.2
.3
.5
.8
1.0
.7
0
0
0
0
0
19.9 14.1 25. 5 30.1
.1
0
0
(3
)
1.6
1.2
2.4
.9
2.0
1.6
1.8
4.0
7.1
5.4 8.0 12.4
.3
.2
.4
.3
.1
.1
.1
0
.1
.2
.2
.7
.6
.7
.7
1.6
.6
.5 .5 1.0
.2
.1
.6
0
.7
.6
.6
.5
.6
.8
.8
1.4
.4 . 3 .6 .4
1.1
.2
2.9
0
.9
.4 1.2 2.2
.3
0
.7
.3
.2 ( 3)
.3
.9
3.9
2.8
2.0
3.3

p e r f a m
k to w h
fo r th a t
p e r s o n .
t e s o n t

ily in 1 w e e k is c o m p u
ic h t h e d a ta a p p ly .
I
w e e k .
I f h e a te le s s
h is ta b le

a r e in

a p p e n d

212

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T a b l e 7 . — Food

used at home and 'purchased for consumption at home during l
week in spring quarter, by economic level— Continued
I N

D I A

N A P O

L I S ,

I N

D

.—

W

H

I T E

F A M

I L I E S

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s s p e n d in
p e r e x p e n d it u r e u n it p e r y e a r
A ll fa m i­
lie s
U n d e r $ $ 4 4 0 0 0 0 t o $ 6 $0 60o 0 v 0 e ar n d

I t e m

N u m ber o f f a m
ilie s s u r v e y e d in
A v e r a g e n u m b e r o f e q u iv a
f a m i l y i n 1_ _ w_ _ _e _ e k _ _ _ _ _ _
_. _ _ _
A v e r a g e n u m b e r o f fo o d u n it

s p r i n g q u a 1r 7 t8e r . _
le n t f u ll-tim e p e r s o n s i
3. 3 7
_ _ __ _ _ __ _
4 .2 0
s 2 p e r f a m ily in 1 w e e k -

6 5
p e r
3 .4 0
2. 9 7

51

6 2

2.

2 6
2 . 0 23 . 9 0

N u m b e r o f f a Am c v i h le i are sas e g d l>e ra pn qee t i ir t s y o n p 1 Au i nr v - e r a eg x e p e< n d i t u r e
u s i n g i n 1 w e e 1k w e e k
p e r p e rl 1 i o n n 1 w e e k
s

I te m

F o o d U sed at H o m e an d P u rc h a se d
fo r C o n su m p tio n a t H o m e in t W eek

E c o n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lie s s p e n d in g
p e r e x p e n d i­
A l l t u r e u n i t pA e l r l
fa m
f a m i­ y e a r
lie s
lie s
U n $ ­ 4 0 0$ 6 0 0
d e r to a n d
$ 4 0 $0 6 0 0o v e r
N o.

N o.

N o.

N o.

Lb.

le v e l— E c o n o m ic
p e n d i nl es g pv ee nl — d i F n a g m p i e l ri e s
d itu r e e x p e n d itu r e
y e aA r l l u n i t p e r y e a r
f a m i­
lie s
U n ­$ 4 0 0 $ 6 0 0
U n ­$ 4 0 0 $ 6 0 0
d e r to
a n d
d e r to a n d
$ 4 0 0 $ 6 0 0 o v e r
$ 4 0 0 $ 6 0 0o v e r

E c o
F a m
p e r
u n
i­

n o m
ilie
e x p
it p

Lb.

L b.

ic
s s
e n
e r

Lb.

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
T o t a l
2 3 4 . 17 8 0 . 26 4 8 . 3 6 3 6 . 8
G r a i n p r o d u c _ t _ s_ ,_ __ t_ o t a _ _l
5 .1 7 1
5 . 0 1 7 5 . 45 8. 11 48 09 . 4 3 5 . 4 4 2 . 5 4 8 ! 1
B r e a d a n d o th e r b a k e d g o o d s ,
2 . 9 7 72 . 5 0 23 . 2 9 73 . 5 0 3 2 7 . 0 21. 0 3 0 . 6 3 4 . 2
t o t a l __
______________
2 . 1 1.4 98 2 7 2 . 3 6 62 . 2 6 6 1 6 . 6
B r e a d : W - - - - h- - -i - t- - e- - - - - - - - - - - - - 1- - 7- 2 6 1 6 2 4 9
1 14 8. 3 . 9 1 7 . 9
G r a h a m w h . w h2 6e a t6 . . 9
11
. 10 5
. 0 7 4 . 2 2 . 30 8 1.0
0
.7
.8
2.0
21
R y _ e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
8
7
6
.0 7 0
. 0 . 02 99 4 . 121
.6
.2
.8
1.0
C r a c k _ e_ _r _ s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 6_ 9_ _
2 3
1 5 3 1 . 1 9 7 . 1 5 4 . 2 5 4 . 1 9 5 2.0 1 . 4 2.6 2 . 4
P l a i n r_ _o _ l _ l _s _ _ _ _ _ __ __ __ __ _ _ _ 1 7 5
.0 5 2
.0 4 4
6
6
1 0 .4 0 3 3.6
.4
.4
1.6
S w e e t r o _ l _l _s _ _ __ _ _ _ _
4 4 18
1 511 . 1 4 8 . 1 0 3
. 1 . 81 09 9 2.0 1.6 2 . 3 2. 2
C o o k _ _i e_ _ s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
_
5 4 1 7 20 1 7 . 1 2 5 . 0 7 5 . 1 6 4 . 1 7 4 2.0 1.2 2. 3 3 . 1
C a k _ e_ _s _ _ _ _ . . _ _ . _ _ _ _ _
3 4
6 1 5
13 .0 7 4
. 0 2 8 . 1 6 .9 0 8 0
1 . . 4 2.0 2.8
_
17 6 5
P i e _ s_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _._ . . . .
6
.0 4 8
.0 5 0
. 0 4 1. 7
. 5 . 0 5 2 1.2
.5
1
3 (3)
O t h _e _ r_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
0
. 010 . 0 1 8 . 0 0 5 0
R e a d y - t o - e a t c e r e__ l s _ _9 _ 6 _ _ _ 4 4
a
1 8 3 4 . 1 5 1 . 1 8 9 . 1 2 5 . 1 0 9 2.8 3 ! 3
2 2 . 3. 3
F l o u r a n d o t h e r c e r. e a l s , t o t a l .
2. 0 4 3
2 . 1 3. 2 7 66 7
1 . 106 96 11.1 9 . 6 11. 6
8
F l o u r : W _ __i t_ e_ _ _ ._ _. .
h
2 41 7 1 . 4 0 1 1 . 5 6 7
81 4 0
1 . 2 0 7 6.2 . 3 56.8 5 . 2 6. 5
1
9
G r a h a __ __ . . .
m
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
O t h _e _ r_ _ _. _. .
1
2
3
0
.0 0 6
. 0 3. 1 0
2
.0 0 80
.5
( 3)
C o r n m _ _ e_ _a l__ . . .
. . .2 7
1 10
3
4
.2 4 4
. 3 .8 1 84 7 . 0 7 8 .8 1.1
.6
.3
H o m _i _n _ y_ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _
_
2
2
5
1
.0 2 9
. 0 2 7 . 0 3 . 2 0 3 0. 1 . 1 . 1 .2
C o r n s t a_ _ r _ c_ _h _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 0 0 0
0
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
R ic e ____________
_ _. . . 2 7 . . . 12 6 . 0 7 0 . 0 5 5 . 0 8 5 . 0 7 8 . 5 . 4 . 7 .6
9
R o l l e d _ o_ _a _ t_ _s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 4 0 20 1 3
7
.1 0 7 .1 2 3 .1 0 7
. 0 7 .8
2
.9
.8
.6
W h e a t c e r e a l...
18 6 5
7
.0 4 4
. 0 3 . 0 0 7 4 . .6 4 4 . 4
0
. 5 1.2
T a p i o_ _c _ a_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ._ _. .
3
3 1 .0 0 6 .0 0 6
7
. 0. 00 07 4 . 1 . 1 .2
.1
S a g o _ _ _ __ ._ . . _ ._ . . .
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
M a c a r o n i , s p a g h e t t i , 7 n 5 o o d l3 2e 3 7s . 1 5 . 1 3 4 . 1 3 0 . 1 3 4 . 1 4 0
1 . 34
1 1.6
.5
O th e r g r a in p r o d u c t s 0 . 0 . 0 . 0 0
.
0
0
0
0 • 0
0
0
E g g- - -s - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -1 - -6 - 8- - - - - - - 6 1
. 7 4 5 1. 0 2 . 68 512.0 10.0 1 2 . 7 1 5 . 1
8
4 85 9 .8 3 9
M i l k , c h e e s e , i c e c r e a m , t o t a l . . 4 . 9 9 34 . 6 4 64 . 8 8 95 . 9 7 8 2 9 . 5 2 5 . 6 2 8 . 2 4 0 . 6
M i l k : F r e s h , w h o l e — 1 6b 5 o 5t 6t l e 6 d1 _ _
4 4 . 8 2 9 53 . 8 5 14 . 4 4 75 . 0 4 8 2 1 . 5
1 9 . 2 2 6 2 . 16 . 7
l o o s_ _e _ _
.2
2
2
.0 5 8
.01 2 6 0
0
0
.4 0
0
s k i m m e d . . . 3 _ 2.
. 1 2 8 . 2 4 90
. 0 7 4 .2
1
. 1
0
.4 0
b u t t e r m ilk
a n d
1
2
o th e r
. . . 6 . .3
. 0 4 2
. 0.010 . 0 9 2
4 7
. .1 1 ( 3)
.4
S k i m m e d , _ _ d _ _r i e _d _ 0 0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
E v a p o r a te d o r c o n d s d ..
1 8 . .1 29 59 5 1.8 1 . 7
1 8 5. 9 2 1 2 . 2 2 03 3
1 2.2
.7
C h e e s e : A m _ _e _ r_ i c a n
76
26
27
23
. 11 6
2.6 8 1 . 7
.0
. 1 2 1 .6 7
4 1 . 93 6
5
91 3
C o t t a g e _ _. _ _ _ _ _ _
. 0 .022 . 0 5 4
6 0
. 1 6.80 . 3
2 7
.7
1 .9
O th e r . __ . . .
.15
2
6
7
.0 1 7
.0 0 9
. .6 0 6 . 3
0
.0
.1 5 61 . 9
I c e c r e a m
_. _. _ . _ _ _ ._ _. _ . __
3 4 10 111 . 0 6 5
3
.0 5 8 ■
. 0 5 1 7 . 7 1 . . 50 9 7 1 3 . 3. 2
1 T h e n u m b e r o f e q u i v a l e n t f u
p e r s o n s e a tin g m e a ls a t h o m e d u
w e e k , h e w a s c o u n te d a s a f u llt h e a p p r o p r ia te d e c im a l e q u iv a
2 T h e n u m b e r o f e x p e n d i t u r e u
r e p r e s e n te d b y t h e e q u iv a le n t
a p p ly .
2 L e s s t h a n
0 .0 5 c e n t .
N o t e s




ll-tim e p e r
r in g t h e w
tim e p e r s o
le n t fu ll-t i
n it s p e r f a
f u ll-t im e p
o n

s o n s p e r fa m ily in
e e k to w h ic h t h e
n fo r t h a t w e e k .
m e p e r s o n .
m ily in 1 w e e k is
e r s o n s e a tin g m e

t h is t a b le

a r e in

1 w e e k is c o m p u te d
d a t a a p p ly .
I f a p
I f h e a te le s s t h a
c o m p u t e d o n t h e b
a ls a t h o m e d u r in

a p p e n d ix

A , p . 3 8 0 .

213

TABULAR SUMMARY

T a b l e 7 . — F o o d u s e d at h o m e a n d p u r c h a s e d f o r c o n s u m p t i o n at h o m e d u r in g 1
w e e k i n s p r i n g q u a r te r , h y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C on tin u ed
q u n tity
r­
N u m b er of fam ilies A v erage pera p erson p1uin A verage exp en d itu re
ch ased
u sin g in 1 w eek
per p erson 1 in 1 w eek
1 w eek
E c o n o m ic
E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
E co n o m ic le v e l—
le v e l— F a m ilie s
lie s sp en d in g
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
sp en d in g per
per ex p e n d i­
per exp en d itu re
exp en d itu re
A ll tu re u n it per A ll
A ll
u n it per yea r
fam i­
fam i­
fam i­ u n it per yea r
year
lies
lies
lie s
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
der to and
an d
to
der
der to and
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 ov er
$400 $600 ov er

Ite m

Food
fo r

U sed at H o m e an d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

W eek

— C o n tin u ed

at

H om e

in

1
N o.

N o.

N o.

N o.

L b.

L b.

L b.

L b.

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

1. 350 1.060 1.451 1. 846 31 0 21.9 34.1 47.4
B u tte r ., —_ _____________________ 126 34 49 43 .295 .183 .358 .444 10.3 6 .2 12! 5 15.6
C rea m _____________________________
18 0 7 11 .046 0
.057 . 133 1.0 0
1.2 3.1
O ther ta b le fa ts—_ ______________
62 34 20
8 . 170 .212 . 152 . 104 2.4 2.8 2 .2 1.5
L ard _____________ __ ____________ 120 44 42 34 .370 .337 .386 .420 4.8 4 .4 5.0 5.7
V eg eta b le sh o r te n in g ___________
28 10 10
8 .067 .055 .080 .069 1.1
.8 1.4 1.4
3 1 0
2 .006 .003 0
T a b le or coo k in g o ils___ __
.025
.1
.1 0
.5
M a y o n n a ise an d oth er salad
44 11 20 13 .086 .043 .116 . 132 1.6 .9 2 .2 2 .2
d ressin g_________ . ____________
B a co n , sm o k ed ______ _______
117 35 43 39 .302 .212 .30 0 .519 9 .6 6 .4 9 .6 17.4
S a lt sid e of p o r k ... ____________
2 1 1
0 .008 .015 .00 2 0
.1
0
.3 (3)
M e a t, p o u ltr y , fish an d oth er sea
food, to ta l____ ____ __ _____
2.123 1. 562 2. 339 3.058 50 .7 35.4 55. 5 77.7
B eef:
F resh : stea k , p o rterh ou se, sir­
lo in . _____. . .
54 14 23 17 .160 .076 .199 .286 4.4 2.1 5.4 8 .2
44 17 11 16 .156 . 146 .107 .273 4.4 3.8 3 .5 7.5
to p r o u n d _____
o t h e r . _______
38 13 15 10 .115 . 104 . 116 .136 2.1 2.0 2 .2 2 .2
27 9 10
roast, r ib ________
8 . 120 .086 . 121 .199 2 .7 1.9 2.8 4 .2
42 15 18
c h u c k ____ ______
9 .202 . 141 .268 . 227 3.9 2.6 5.5 4.3
5 2 3
o th e r______ _____
0 .033 .026 .059 0
.6
.5 1.1 0
b o ilin g, ch u c k _________
27 11 10
6 .117 . I l l . 121 .121 2.1 1.8 2.1 2.5
10 5 2
p la te ______ __
3 .031 .037 .014 .048
.5
.2
.5
.7
4 0 3
1 .012 0
o th er_________
.029 .009
.2 0
.2
.4
0 0 0
C a n n e d _______ __ __ _________
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
3 2 1
C orn ed . _ _______________ ______
0 .005 .005 .008 0
.1
.1 0
.1
13 7 4
2 .010 .007 .011 .015
D ried ______________ _______
.5
.4
.5
.6
0 0 0
0
O t h e r ________________ __ . . . .
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
20 3 8
9 .050 .015 .066 . 104 1.3 .4 1.6 2 .9
V eal: F resh , stea k , c h o p s______
r o a s t . _____
6 1 4
1 .028 .007 .056 .026
.6
.2 1 .2
.5
1 0 1
.005 0
s te w _______ ________
0 .002 0
0
.1 0
(3)
7 2 1
L am b : F resh , c h o p s ._ . . . _____
4 .012 .011 .002 .035
.3
.3
.1
.8
roast
._ . _.
1 0 0
1 .003 0
.017
0
.1 0
0
.4
0 0 0
0
s te w ____ __________
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
80 26 33 21 .188 .140 .224 .235 5 .2 3 .9 6.1 6 .5
P ork: F resh , c h o p s______
lo in roast
_ .
23 6 9
8 .082 .055 .09 7 .118 2.0 1.3 2.1 3 .6
12 5 5
2 .032 .031 .037 .024
.8
other _______ _ _
.6
.6 1.0
27 3 11 13 .053 .022 .054 . 123 1.9 .6 1.9 5.0
S m ok ed h a m , slic e s. _ __
5 1 3
1 .042 .008 .077 .060 1.2 .3 2.1 1.5
h a lf or w h .
p ic n ic . __
2 .013 0
3 0 1
.007 .056
.2 0
.2 1.0
45 15 16 14 .096 .073 . 107 . 130 2.0 1.6 2 .2 3.0
P ork sausage ___________
12 9 2
1 .028 .049 .009 .013
O ther p ork ______
.5
.2
.8
.3
M iscellan eo u s m ea ts, to ta l_______
.254 .231 .285 .251 6 .5 5.9 6. 6 7.4
O ther fresh m ea t ____________
0 0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
72 30 25 17 .139 . 122 .174 . 117 2. 8. 2.5 3.3 2.4
B ologn a, fra n k fu rters. ______ ___
C ooked: H a m ________ . . .
31 8 12 11 .049 .042 .046 .070 2 .2 1.8 1.9 3 .6
1 .004 .001 .002 .012
.1
.1 (3)
3 1 1
T ongue
____ _
.3
17 6 8
L iv e r ______________________ ' ______
3 .030 .026 .037 .026
.6
.5
.7
.5
2 .032 .040 .026 .026
O ther m e a t p r o d u c ts. . . . . _
10 6 2
.8 1.0
.7
.6
P o u ltry : C h ick en , b roilin g
8 1 4
3 .048 .017 .076 .072 1.4
.5 2.3 2 .0
4 .053 .018 .043 .154 1.6
.5 1.2 4 .7
r o a st__________
7 1 2
2 .053 .051 .019 .121 1.4 1.3
stew . . . . __
6 3 1
.5 3.2
T u r k e y _______ ___________
0 0
0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
O th e r ._ _______________
0
0
0
0
F ish an d oth er sea food, to ta l. _ __
. 125 .095 . 122 . 205 2 .2 1.5 2 .2 4.0
F ish : F resh ____________________
36 13 10 13 .092 .081 .082 .138 1.5 1.2 1.4 2.5
22 5 7 10 .029 .014 .031 .061
C a n n e d ____ ______________
.6
.3
.6 1.3
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
C u red ............................................
0
0
2 0 2
0 .003 0
.009 0
.1 0
O y sters________
____________
.2 0
1 .001 0
0
.006 (3)
O ther sea food _____________ _____
1 0 0
0
0
.2
1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is c o m p u ted on th e b asis of th e n u m b er
of persons e a tin g m eals a t h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson ate 21 m ea ls d u rin g
th e w eek , he w as cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e p erson for th a t w eek . If he ate less th a n 21 m ea ls, h e w a s c o u n ted
as th e ap propriate d ecim a l e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
* L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 380




214

BAST NORTH CENTRAL REG N
IO

T a b l e 7 . — F o o d u s e d at h o m e a n d p u r c h a s e d f o r c o n s u m p t i o n at h o m e d u r in g 1
w e e k i n s p r i n g q u a rter , h y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
q u n tity
N u m b e r of fam ilies A verage peraperson pur­1 A verage exp en d itu re
ch ased
1 in
u sin g in 1 w eek
per person 1 in 1 w eek
w eek
E co n o m ic
E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
E co n o m ic le v e l—
le v e l— F a m ilie s
lies sp en d in g
F a m ilies sp en d in g
Item
sp en d in g per
per ex p en d i­ A ll
per ex p en d itu re
A ll
A ll
exp en d itu re
u n it
u n it per year
fam i­ tu re year per fam i­
fam i­ u n it per year
lies
lies
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
der
to
an d
der to an d
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 ov er
Food
fo r

U sed at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

— C on tin u ed
N o. N o. N o.
N o .
V eg eta b les and fru its, t o t a l 4 ___ .
142 54 50 38
P o t a t o e s .___________ __________
25 14 7
4
S w eetp o ta to es, y a m s ____________
D ried corn--------------------------------0 0 0
0
65 26 26 13
B ean s: D r y --------------------------14 7 7
C an n ed , d ried ____ _ _
0
B a k ed , n o t ca n n e d — —
1 1 0
0
P eas: B la ck -e y e d _________
0 0 0
0
O th er_________ __ _ ___
0
1 0 1
2
3 0 1
N u ts: S h elled _ _________ ___
0 0 0
0
In sh e ll______ _ _______
P ea n u t b u t te r ._ _. _ __ ___
37 12 17
8
O ther dried legu m es an d n u ts .
T o m a to es: F r e s h ... _______ . . .
9 6 5
4
C a n n ed ___ . . . ______
53 22 18 13
2
5 2 1
J u ice ___________ . . .
3
6 3 0
S auce, p a s t e ... . . . _
G reen an d lea fy veg s., to ta l. . . .
B ru ssels s p r o u t s ____________ _
0 0 0
0
C a b b a g e_______________ _____ .
68 25 29 14
S a u e r k r a u t..
. ________ _
13 7 0
6
C o lla rd s______ ______________
0 0 0
0
2
11 3 6
K a le _______ _ .
... _
113 31 43 39
L e ttu c e ________________________
3
S p in ach : F r e s h . . . _______ _
18 6 9
C a n n e d _______ . . __
27 10 7 10
O ther leafy v eg etab les
0 0 0
0
A sparagus: F re sh _______ _
5 0 4
1
4
C a n n e d _______ __ .
6 2 0
L im a beans: F r e sh .. . . . . . .
2 2 0
0
C a n n ed ______ . . .
7
18 5 6
B ea n s, sn a p (strin g ): F r e s h ...
6
26 12 8
C anned.
9
23 9 5
B r o c c o li__________________
__
2 0 1
1
P eas: F re sh . _______ _______
12 1 7
4
C a n n ed _________________
50 17 20 13
P ep p ers_________________________
7 1 1
5
O kra________ ________. . . __ _
0 0 0
0
Y e llo w veg eta b les, to ta l_. _ . . .
C arrots_______ ._ __ _______
67 22 23 22
W in ter sq u a sh an d p u m p k in . _
0 0 0
0
O ther veg eta b les, t o t a l 4 _________
1
3 0 2
B eets: F resh ____________ __ _
2 0 1
1
2 1 1
C a n n e d .. . ____________
0
C a u liflo w er______ ____________
9 2 2
5
C e ler y ___________________________
58 16 27 15
C orn: O n ear_______ __ __ . . .
0 0 0
0
C a n n e d ... ____________
61 25 17 19
C u c u m b e r ____________________
2 1 1
0
E g g p la n t----------------------------------1 0 1
0
64 23 24 17
O n ions: M a t u r e ____ __________
S p rin g. ________________
5
20 8 7
4 1 1
2
P a r sn ip s________________ ______
S u m m er sq u a sh _______________
0 0 0
0
W h ite tu r n ip s________________
3 3 0
0
4 0 3
1
Y e llo w tu rn ip s, r u ta b a g a____
O ther v e g e ta b le s.._ _ _
3 0 2
1
P ick le s an d oliv es . . .
C itru s fru its, to ta l. __ __ _.
L e m o n s______ ____ _______
23 6 10
7
O ranges. _______ ___________
93 34 39 20
G rapefruit: F r e s h . _ . . . . . .
45 8 19 18
0 0 0
C a n n e d ..____. . .
0
1 See fo o tn o te 1, p . 215.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is table are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.
W eek




L b.

9. 394
3. 363
. 107
. 450
0
.307
.053
.003
0
.004
.004
0
.079
0
.024
.202
.027
.011
1. 279
0
.298
.043
0
.045
.258
.062
.077
0
.030
.013
.003
.057
.089
.081
.003
.042
.174
.004
0
. 189
. 189
0
.752
.008
.007
.021
.158
0
.236
.002
.005
.243
.028
.012
0
.013
.015
.004
1.116
.056
.728
.332
0

L b.

L b.

L b.

C t.

C t.

C t.

7. 553 10. 256 12.170 46.2 33. 2 51.9
3.080 3.365 4.021 6.7 5.5 7 .2
. 125 .085 . 106
.5
.6
.4
.460 . 507 .327 3. 2 3.0 3 9
0
0
0
0
o’ o’
.330 .316 .236 1.6 1.7 1.7
.058 .076 0
.3
.4
.4
.007 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.012 0
0
0
(3)
(3)
.002 .017
0
.1 0
.1
0
0
0
0
0
0
.065 .101 .074 1.2
.9 1.7
0
0
0
0
0
0
.034 .063
0
.3 0
.5
. 191 .230 . 177 1.5 1.4 1.6
.012 .012 .088
.2
. 1 .1
.011 0
. 1 .1 0
.029
. 996 1.356 1.811 9. 5 6. 8 9 8
0
0
0
0
0
0
.253 .371 .268 1.1 1.0 1.4
.051 0
. 104
.2
.3 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.040 .057 .035
.3
.2
.4
. 174 .296 .385 2.3 1.5 2.5
.059 .076 .043
.4
.4
.5
.080 .040 . 136
.7
.4
.6
0
0
0
0
0
0
.2 0
0
.076 .017
.4
.2
.007 0
.049
.1 0
.2 0
.007 0
0
.1
.4
.031 .082 .074
.2
.5
.097 .078 .091
.8
.8
.8
.079 .053 . 144
.6
.5
.5
0
.005 .009 (3)
0
.1
.5 (3)
.007 .082 .052
.8
. 109 . 138 .392 1.6 1.0 1.5
.002 .002 .012
.1 (3) (3)
0
0
0
0
0
0
. 154 . 186 . 277 1.0 .8 1.0
. 154 .186 .277 1.0
.8 1.0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.568 .763 1.172 5.0 3 .5 5.4
0
.009 .026 (3)
0
(3)
.009 .008 0
.1 (3)
(3)
.011 .014 .058
.2
.1
.1
.110 .218 .164 1.0
.6 1.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
. 174 . 160 .519 1.9 1.5 1.3
.002 .002 •0
(3) (3) (3)
0
.015 0
0
.1
(3)
.203 .247 .329 1.0
.8 1.2
.3
.2
.023 .032 .033
.4
.007 .014 .022 (3) (3)
.1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.029 0
.1 0
(3)
0
.033 .017
.1 0
.1
0
.011 .004 (3)
.1
0
.1 .6
.5
.778 1.361 1.467 7 .0 4 .9 8 .3
.6
.045 .049 .097
.5
.5
.612 .881 .721 4.7 3 .8 5 .8
.121 .431 .649 1.7
.6 2 .0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4 D o e s n o t in clu d e p ick les an d o liv es.

C t.

67 9
s! 6
.4
3 1
o’
1.4
O
6
0
0
.4
0
1.3
o
.6
1.4
.6
.3
15. 6
0
1.0
.6
0
.2
3 .9
.2
1.5
0
.1
.8
0
.7
.9
1.3
.1
.8
3 .2
.3
0
1. 5
1.5
0
9.3
.1
0
.6
1.2
0
3 .9
0
0
1.5
.3
.1
0
0
.1
.1
1.4
9. 9
1.1
5.1
3.7
0

215

TABULAR SUMMARY

T a b l e 7 . — F o o d u s e d at h o m e a n d p u r c h a s e d f o r c o n s u m p t i o n at h o m e d u r in g 1
w ee k i n s p r i n g q u a r te r , h y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
N u m b e r of fam ilies
u sin g in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lie s sp en d in g
A ll per e x p e n d i­ A ll
fam i­ tu re u n it per fa m i­
yea r
lies
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
$400 $600 over

Ite m

Food
fo r

A v erage q u a n tity p u r­
ch ased per p e r so n 1 in 1
w eek

A v erage exp en d itu re
p er person 1 in 1 w eek

E c o n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
p er ex p en d itu re
A ll
u n it per yea r
fam i­
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
der
an d
to
$400 $600 over

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilie s
sp e n d in g per
ex p en d itu re
u n it per yea r
•U n­ $400 $600
der to an d
$400 $600 ov er

U s e d at H o m e a n d P u r c h a s e d
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

— C on tin u ed
N o.
N o. N o.
L b.
L b.
L b.
L b.
C t.
N o .
C t.
a .
C t.
O ther fru its, to ta l-. _______________
1.874 1.178 2.357 2. 632 11.2 6.5 13.7 16.6
A p p les: F re sh ____________________
98 31 41 26 .893 .594 1.142 1.143 3.4 2.4 4 .0 4 .7
1 1 0
C a n n e d ... _________ __
0 .003 .008 0
0
0
0
(3) (3)
A pricots: F resh ______ _______
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.1
3 1 1
C a n n e d ,_________ __
1 .008 .006 .008 .001
.1
.1
.2
B a n a n a s . .. ______ _ _ _ _ _ _
88 23 37 28 .536 .290 .732 .762 2 .9 1.5 3 .9 4.1
B erries: F r e sh _____ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
12 1 6
.5 (3)
5 .036 .003 .078 .039
.9
.6
C a n n e d --------- ------------3 2 1
.2
.3
.1 0
0 .016 .032 .006 0
1 0 0
C herries: F r e s h . . _______________
0
1 .002 0
.011 (3)
0
0
.1
.3
C a n n e d ____________ ___
9 5 2
.4
.2
2 .033 .054 .012 .022
.2
G rapes: F r e s h .__ ___ ------- --0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0
C a n n e d _________________
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0
P each es: F re sh ___________________
1 0 0
.015 (3)
0
0
1 .003 0
0
.2
C a n n e d ________________
23 4 9 10 .092 .034 .090 .230 1.0
.3
.9 2.5
P ears: F resh _________ _________
0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0 0
0
0
.3 0
7 0 6
.054 .015
.1
C a n n ed __________________
.8
1 .022 0
.2 0
P in ea p p le: F r e s h .. ______ ____
5 0 3
.028 .069
.3
2 .023 0
.4
C a n n e d ...
_ ___
.8
24 8 5 11 .054 .042 .041 .105
.6
.6 1.5
0
0
0
M e lo n s .. _ __
__
1 0 0
1 .005 0
.026 (3)
.2
P lu m s: F resh _ _________ ________
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0 0
.2 (3)
.3
5 1 2
C a n n e d ____________ . . .
.3
2 .018 .003 .024 .041
.1 (3) (3)
O ther fru it________________ __ ___
3 1 1
1 .006 .004 .005 .013
.1
0
C id e r _____________________ __ __
0
0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0 0
0
.009 (3)
G rape j u i c e . ____________________
1 0 0
0
0
.2
1 .002 0
.2
.1
O ther fru it ju ice s____ ______
.2
4 1 2
1 .015 .006 .015 .036
.2
.1
D ried : A p rico ts_______
.1
.2
.1
4 1 2
1 .008 .007 .009 .004
.1 (3)
.1
P ea ch es__
_ _________
3 1 1
1 .007 .004 .005 .017
.2
.6
.5
.7
P r u n e s______ . . . _______
28 10 13
5 .068 .066 .077 .056
.6
1 .024 .025 .031 .008
.2
.2
.4
.1
R a i s i n s .________
10 4 5
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
D a te s ____ _____ _____ __ .
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
F ig s----------------------------------0 0 0
0
0 0
0 0
O ther _ .
0
0
0
0 0 0
0
0 0
0
0 0
1.295 1.205 1.404 1.302 8 .3 7.3 8 .7 9 .5
Sugars an d sw eets, to ta l____ ____ __
132 53 46 33 1.106 1.030 1.180 1.151 6.1 5.6 6 .4 6 .5
Sugars: W h ite _____ _______ ______
.3
.4
.3
.1
B r o w n ______ . . . _____
14 8 4
2 .045 .066 .033 .017
.9
.7 1.8
O ther sw eets: C a n d y . ________
32 11 10 11 .045 .030 .045 .080
.6
.4 1.1
.4
.2
J e llie s ____________
16 4 5
7 .025 .011 .026 .054
.9 0
M o lasses, sir u p s. _
.6
.5
14 6 8
0 .073 .068 .118 0
O ther s w e e t s __
.002 0
.001 0
0 (3)
0
(3)
M iscella n eo u s, t o t a l... ________ _
16.6 11.8 15.0 30.5
.2 (3) (3)
G e la tin ____. . . ___ _ _ __
.7
8 1 1
6 .005 .002 .001 .021
.9 1.0 .7 1.0
P ack a g ed dessert m ix tu res _ _ .
27 15 7
5 .027 .027 .022 .034
.2 1.3 1.2
.8
T e a ..________ ____________________
21 5 10
6 .012 .003 .020 .020
C offee_____________ __ __ _____ 157 59 54 44 .342 .287 .346 .467 7 .8 6.1 7.5 12.3
.3
.4
.3
C ocoa___ __ _ _ _ ___ ___ _ _
1. .018 .025 .015 .009
.1
13 8 4
.1 0
0
0
C h o co la te____________________
2 2 0
0 .002 .004 0
(3)
.6 .4 .7
.8
V in e g a r .. _ _ _ _ _ . . . ______
.6
.5
.6
.6
S a lt
.5
.5
.2
.7
B a k in g p o w d er, y e a st, s o d a ____
.1
.1
.1
.3
Sp ices a n d ex tra cts_____ ____ __ _
.2 1.2
.4
.3
C a tsu p s, sau ces __ . . . ______
.3
.2
.1
.6
T o m a to so u p _____ . . . _______
3 .017 .012 .020 .023
10 3 4
.2 (3)
.2
.6
O ther so u p s___
_______ . . .
6 1 2
3 .013 .002 .015 .034
.7
.7
.6
.8
1 .007 .005 .009 .009
C od -liver o il. _________________
5 3 1
.2
.2
.3
1 .006 .003 .006 .011
.4
P ro p rieta ry fo o d s________________
5 2 2
.1 0
.1
.2
3 2 1
0 .004 .009 ( 5 ) 0
O ther food s--------------------------------.3 5.1
22 5 3 14 .114 .032 ! .039 .446 1.2 ' .3
Soft d rin k s con su m ed a t h o m e ..
.4 1.5 4 .7
14 2 4
8 .096. .041 .114 .191 1.6
O ther d rin k s con su m ed a t h o m e .
1
1 _____
S ales ta x on food ____________________
1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e p erson s per fa m ily in 1 w eek is co m p u ted on th e basis of th e n u m b er
of p erson s ea tin g m eals at h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson ate 21 m ea ls d u rin g
th e w eek , he w a s cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If he a te less th a n 21 m eals, h e w as cou n ted as
th e ap p ro p riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th a n 05 cO.ent.
6 L ess th a n 0.0005 p o u n d .
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 380.
5 3 4 8 5 ° — 4 0 --------1 5
W eek




EAST NORTH CENTRAL R IO
EG N

216

T a b l e 7 . — F o o d u s e d at h o m e a n d p u r c h a s e d f o r c o n s u m p t i o n at h o m e d u r in g 1
w e e k i n s p r i n g q u a r te r , h y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— N E G R O F A M I L IE S
A ll fam i­
lies

Ite m

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re u n it per year
U n d er $300 $300 to $400

101

N u m b e r of fa m ilies su r v e y ed in sp rin g q u a rter__________
A verage n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons 1 per
fa m ily in 1 w e e k __________________________________________
A verage n u m b er of food exp en d itu re u n its 2 per fa m ily in
1 w e e k _____________________________________________________

$400 an d
over

45
4. 76
3.. 97

3. 55
3.06

32
2.36
2.13

qu
N u m b e r of fam ilies A verage per a n tity n 1pu r­ A vera g e exp en d itu re
ch ased
p e r so in 1 per person 1 in 1 w eek
u sin g in 1 w eek
w eek
E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g
per e x p en d i­
A ll
A ll tu re u n it per fam i­
year
fam i­
lies
lies
U n ­ $300 $400
der to an d
$300 $400 over

Item

Food
For
1

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilies
sp en d in g per
exp en d itu re
A ll u n it p er year
fam i­
lies
$300 $400
U n ­ $300 $400
to
an d
der
to an d
$400 over
$300 $400 over

E co n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re
u n it per year
U n­
der
$300

U sed at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

W eek

H om e

in
N o .

N o.

N o.

N o .

L b .

L b.

L b .

L b.

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

T o ta l____________________ __ 182. 5 137. 2 209 5 289.5
5.630 4.866 6.003 7.453 32. 5 26. 5 35! 0 47. 2
G rain p ro d u cts, t o ta l____________
B read an d oth er b a k ed g o o d s,
1.797 1. 526 1.906 2. 461 15. 2 12. 4 16 8 22.3
to ta l_______ ______ __ _
91 40 22 29 1.541 1.329 1.536 2.148 11.8 9 .9 ll! 8 1 7 . 2
B read: W h ite __ ________ ._
G raham , w h . w h ea t _
7 3 2
2 .036 .037 .038 .030
.4
.4
.4
.3
1 0 0
1 .006 0
R y e -------------------------.026 (3)
0
0
0
.3
20 9 7
4 .075 .062 .139 .053
C rackers___________ ______ ._
.8
.7 1.6
.7
6 2 3
1 .031 .035 .036 .013
.4
P la in rolls - _ _ _ _ _____ _. .4
.6
.2
8 0 2
S w eet ro lls___ - __ __ . . . _
6 .021 0
.022 .080
.4 0
.5 1.5
14 7 5
2 .039 .033 .067 .033
C o o k ies. _ _ _____________
.6
.6
.9
.5
8 2 3
C ak es
__
__ . . .
3 .024 .014 .043 .032
.5
.3
.6
.9
. 1 .4
4 1 1
2 .024 .016 .025 .046
P ies __________ ___________
.3
.7
0
O ther . . .
______ ____
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
28 11 10
R ea d y -to -ea t cereals . . . ____
7 .078 .072 .096 .078 1.3 1.1 1.7 1.3
F lo u r an d oth er cereals, to ta l..
3; 755 3.268 4. 001 4. 914 16. 0 13 0 16 5 23. 6
98 44 22 32 2. 349 1.978 2. 370 3. 381 9.3 7.2 8! 9 15! 7
F lour: W h it e .. . . . . _
G r a h a m . _. . . . _ __
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O th er___ . _
2 0 0
2 .022 0
.1 0
0
.103
0
.6
C orn m e a l. __ _______ _ .
84 43 20 21 1.038 .997 1.294 .921 3 .6 3.3 4 .6 3 .4
H o m in y __ _ _ _ . . . . _
8 2 2
4 .042 .029 .018 .099
.2
.1
.2
.6
C o rn sta rch . ____ ______ __
1 0 0
1 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
R ic e .. __
._ _. . ____
25 11 5
9 .125 . 112 .101 .186
.8
.8
.6 1.0
R o lled o a t s . ____________
23 10 5
8 .088 .062 . 126 .129
.7
.5
.9 1 .0
W h ea t cereal_____ _______ __
7 3 1
3 .015 .010 .014 .030
.3
. 1 .3
.6
T a p io ca _ _ _ _ _ _ _
1 1 0
0 .001 .002 0
0
0
0
(3) (8)
S ago---------------------------------------0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
M a c a r o n i , s p a g h e t t i,
29 16 7
n o o d le s____________________
6 .075 .078 .078 .065 1.0 1.0 1.0 .7
O ther grain p ro d u cts______
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
94 42 21 31 .659 .459 .770 1.124 9 .6 6.6 11.1 16.8
E g g s---------------------------------------------M ilk , ch eese, ice cream , to ta l____
3.261 2.858 3. 553 4.137 17.1 14. 5 18 2 23.3
M ilk : F resh , w h o le— b o ttle d . .
79 34 19 26 2.284 2. 001 2. 350 3.030 11.5 10.1 12.0 15! 0
lo o se ____
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4 2 1
1 .084 .060 . 125 .114
.2
sk im m e d ________
.1
.3
.3
b u tte r m ilk an d
oth er_____. . .
29 13 7
9 .576 .522 .746 .570 1.5 1.4 1.9 1.4
1 1 0
0 .024 .040 0
S k im m ed , d ried ________
0
.1 0
0
(3)
E v a p o ra ted an d co n d sd .
33 13 8 12 .194 .156 .244 .254 1.6 1.2 2 .0 2 .4
24 12 5
7 .062 .056 .047 .093 1.3 1.0 1.1 2.1
C heese: A m erican ___________
3 0 0
3 .008 0
0
.040
.1 0
C o tta g e . ___________ _
0
.7
. O ther ________________
1 0 0
1 .004 0
0
.020
.2 0
0
.9
Ice cream _
__________ _ _
9 5 3
1 .025 .023 .041 .016
.7
.6
.9
.5
1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a le n t fu ll-tim e p erson s per fa m ily in 1 w eek is c o m p u te d on th e b a sis of th e n u m b er
of p erson s ea tin g m ea ls at h o m e d u rin g th e w e ek to w h ic h th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson a te 21 m ea ls d u rin g
th e w e ek , h e w a s c o u n te d as a fu ll-tim e p erson for th a t w eek . If h e a te le ss th a n 21 m ea ls, h e w a s co u n ted
as th e ap p ro p riate d ecim a l e q u iv a le n t fu ll-tim e person.
2 T h e n u m b er of ex p en d itu re u n its per fa m ily in 1 w eek is c o m p u te d on th e b a sis of th e ex p en d itu re u n its
rep resen ted b y th e e q u iv a le n t fu ll-tim e p erson s ea tin g m ea ls at h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e d a ta
a p p ly .
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.




TABULAR SUMMARY

217

T a b l e 7 . — F o o d u s e d at h o m e a n d p u r c h a s e d f o r c o n s u m p t i o n at h o m e d u r in g 1
w e e k i n s p r i n g q u a r te r , h y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— N E G R O F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
u
u
N u m b e r of fam ilies A verage pqer a n tity n 1pin r­ A verage exD cn d itu re
ch ased
p e r so
1 per p erson - m 1 w eek
u sin g in 1 w eek
w eek
E c o n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g
A ll per e x p e n d i­ A ll
fam i­ tu re u n it per fam i­
yea r
lies
lies
U n ­ $300 $400
der to an d
$300 $400 ov er

Ite m

Food
F or

E c o n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re
A ll
u n it per y ea r
fa m i
lies
U n ­ $300 $400
der
to
an d
$300 $400 ov er

E c o n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilie s
sp e n d in g per
ex p e n d itu r e
u n it per yea r
U n ­ $300 $400
der to an d
$300 $400 o v e r

U sed at FTom e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

C on t i n u ed
N o.
N o. N o.
N o.
L b.
L b.
L b.
L b.
C t.
C t.
C t.
C t.
1. 539 1.339 1.630 2.023 29.9 23. 4 33. 5 44.8
F a ts, to ta l_____ _____ _____ _______
B u tte r . _ _ _ _ _ ____ ___
76 26 21 29 .221 .110 .318 .447 7 .4 3 .6 10 .7 15.0
4 0 1
Cream___ _ ___ _ ______ __
3 .009 0
.008 .035
.2 0
.2
.8
4 . 131 . 154 . 130 .066 1.7 1.9 1.7 .9
30 20 6
O ther ta b le fa ts .__ ___________ _
03 44 22 27 .608 .565 .665 .676 8 .0 7.3 8 .7 9 .3
Lard_ _ _________________ __
V eg eta b le sh o rte n in g .
4 .028 0
7 0 3
.043 .093
.4 0
.7 1.2
T a b le or cook in g o ils_________ __
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
M a y o n n a ise an d oth er salad
d r e s s in g ______
_
28 12 6 10 .072 .062 .065 .109 1 .6 1.1 1.3 3 .1
B a co n , sm o k e d ____ _______ __
59 26 15 18 .423 .401 .387 .517 9 .8 % . 7 9 .8 13.0
Salt sid e of p o r k _____ __ ___ __
8 4 1
3 .047 .047 .014 .080
.8
8 .4 1.5
M e a t, p o u ltr y , fish an d other sea
2.508 1. 616 2.475 3. 550 41.3 28. 6 46 .4 73.1
food, to ta l _ _____ __
B eef:
F resh: S tea k , p orterh ou se, sir­
lo in _____
22 7 6
9 . 109 .058 .162 .205 2 .4 1.0 4 .0 4 .8
to p r o u n d __ ___
8 1 2
5 .028 .005 .029 .09 3
.8
.1
.7 2 .6
o th e r________ .
2 .056 .05 6 .072 .040
10 5 3
.9
.8 1.2 .6
R o a st, rib_ __ __ _._
16 8 2
6 . 128 . 107 .058 .252 2 .7 2 .2 .9 5.8
c h u c k ______ __
10 6 1
3 .084 .090 .072 .080 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
o th e r_______ __
1 0 1
.2 0
0 .017 0
.087 0
1.3 0
B o ilin g , c h u c k _________
18 12 2
4 . 107 . 126 .029 .123 1.5 1.7 .6 1 .8
1 .058 .003 . 173 .026
p l a t e ... _ _ __
7 2 4
.4 2 .3
.8
.5
o th e r .__ ______
1 1 0
0
0 .014 .023 0
.2
.3 0
0
1 1 0
C a n n ed ________
____________
0 .006 .009 0
0
.1 0
0
00
1 .003 0
C o r n e d .. _ __
_ _ _____
1 0 0
.013
.1 0
.3
0
0
0
0
D r ie d . _ _ _ __ _______
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
O ther ___ ___ ______ __ _
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
V eal: F resh , stea k , c h o p s. _____
12 4 3
5 .067 .047 .072 .119 1.4
9 1 .7 2 .6
r o a st.. ____________
2 1 1
.3
0 .019 .013 .058 0
.2
.8 0
ste w _ _
_ _
2 2 0
0 .022 .037 0
0
.3
.5 0
0
L a m b : F resh , c h o p s . _________
5 0 2
3 .028 0
. 101 .040
.6 0
2 .4 .9
. 132
roast _ _____
3 .043 .025 0
.8
.5 0
2 .6
5 2 0
ste w _ ________
2 1 0
.2
1 .011 .005 0
.1 0
.6
.040
P o r k -F r e sh , ch op s
______
36 16 8 12 . 156 . 138 . 130 .232 4 .2 3 .4 3 .8 6 .6
5 0 3
2 .029 0
. 101 .046
.7 0
2 .3 1.3
lo in r o a st.. __ _
o th e r . _ _______
5 . 112 .072 . 152 .189 1.6 1.1 1.8 3 .1
15 7 3
S m ok ed h a m , s lic e s ___
8 4 4
0 .044 .058 .050 0
1.0 1.3 1.2 0
h a lf or w h._
2 .058 .021 . 152 .080 1.1 .4 2 .9 1.5
6 2 2
5 0 2
3 .055 0
p ic n ic .
.087 . 182 1.0 0
1.7 3 .3
P ork s a u s a g e ____
38 16 6 16 .446 .116 .079 .292 2.7 2 .0 1.7 5.6
O ther pork . . .
.
6 .112 .086 . 108 .186 1.7 1.6 1.8 2 .2
21 10 5
M iscella n eo u s m eats, t o t a l . ___ .
.225 .225 .119 .324 4 .0 3 .7 2 .2 6.1
0
0
O ther fresh m e a t.. _ ____
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
B o logn a, fra n k fu rte rs.. _ ____
9 .091 .071 .083 . 152 1.6 1.1 1.6 2 .6
27 11 7
1.1
3 .022 .028 0
.026
.6 0
4 1 0
.6
C ooked : H a m _ _____________
.1
0
.007 (3)
0
1 0 0
1 .001 0
0
T o n g u e _____________
21 10 3
8 .086 .089 .036 . 126 1.4 1.4 .6 2 .0
L iv e r . _______ _ ______ . . . _ _
.4
.6 0
.3
O ther m ea t p r o d u c ts— _ ___ __
3 2 0
1 .025 .037 0
.013
4 .086 .031 .072 .252 2 .6
P o u ltry : C h ick en , b ro ilin g______
.9 2.3 7 .8
8 2 2
.8
.7 2 .2 0
roast
__ __
2 1 1
0 .043 .037 .108 0
1 .6
ste w
_ __ _
3 2 0
1 .036 .037 0
.066
.9
.9 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0
T u r k e y .. ____ ________
0 0 0
.2 0
1.2
0
1 0 0
0
.080
O ther _______ __
1 .017 0
.289 . 191 .404 .458 4 .2 2 .4 5.2 8 .2
F ish an d oth er sea food, to t a l______
F ish : F re sh ________ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
43 14 12 17 .277 . 184 .372 .451 4 .0 2 .3 4 .9 8 .0
. 1 .3
.2
1 .012 .00 7 .032 .00 7
.2
4 1 2
C a n n ed _______ _______ __ _
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
C u red ___ _______________
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
O ysters __ _ _____________ ______
0 o
0
0
0 1 0
0
0
0
0
o 0
!
O ther sea fo o d ____________________
0 0 0
i T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t f u ll -t i m e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is co m p u ted on th e b a sis of th e n u m b er
of persons ea tin g m eals a t h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson a te 21 m ea ls d u rin g
th e w eek , h e w a s c o u n ted as a fu ll-tim e p erson for th a t w eek . If h e ate less th a n 21 m eals, h e w a s c o u n ted as
th e ap p rop riate d ecim a l e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 c en t.
N o te s o n th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 380.
W eek —




218

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REG N
IO

T a b l e 7 . — F o o d u s e d at h o m e a n d p u r c h a s e d f o r c o n s u m p t i o n at h o m e d u r in g 1
w e e k i n s p r i n g q u a r te r , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D — N E G R O F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
u
pu
N u m b e r of fam ilies A verage pqer apne tity n 1 inr­ A verage ex p en d itu re
ch ased
r so
1 per p erson 4 in 1 w eek
u sin g in 1 w eek
w eek
E co n o m ic
E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
E co n o m ic le v e l—
le v e l— F a m ilie s
lies sp en d in g
F a m ilies sp en d in g
sp en d in g per
per ex p en d i­ A ll
Item
per exp en d itu re
A ll
A ll
p nd
u n it per year
fam i­ tu re u n it per fa m i­
fam i­ uex it eperitu r er
n
yea
year
lies
lies
lies
U n ­ $300 $400
U n ­ $300 $400
U n ­ $300 $400
der
der to an d
to
an d
der to an d
$300 $400 over
$300 $400 over
$300 $400 ov er
Food
fo r

U sed at H o m e and P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

W eek

— C o n tin u ed

at

H om e

in

1
N o.

N o.

N o.

N o.

L b.

L b.

L b.

Lb.

c t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

7. 467 5 . 767 8. 681 11.168 35.0 24 9 41 .9 59.1
92 42 20 30 2. 753 2.279 2. 959 3.911 6.5 5 .0 6! 8 10! 4
P o ta to e s___________________________
28 14 7
7 .248 .196 .347 .305 1.2 1.1 1.7 1.2
S w eetp o ta to es, y a m s------------------.634 . 627 . 636 . 650 3.5 3. 3 2 8 5. 0
D r ift^ lA gnm es an d n u ts, to ta l--0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
D r ied c o r n .. _ _ ---------------0
0
0
o'
60 30 13 17 .543 . 537 .578 .526 2.5 2 .2 2 .2 3 .4
B ean s: D r y ------------------------------1 0 1
0 .007 0
C an n ed , d ried __ ___
.036 0
0
.3 0
(3)
0 0 0
0 0
B a k ed , n o t ca n n ed -----0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4 2 0
2 .015 .007 0
.1
P eas: B la c k -e y e d ______________
.053
.1 0
.4
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
O ther ------------------- 0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
N u ts: S h e lle d ---------- - - - - - -0
0
0
1 1 0
0 .003 .005 0
0
In s h e l l - .. - - - - - 0
0
(3) (3)
18 11 2
5 .066 .078 .022 .071
.9 1 .0 .3 1 .2
P ea n u t b u tte r __________________
0
0
0
0
o
o
o
o
9 2 5
2 .047 .033 . 116 .026
.5
.2 1.3
T o m a to es: F re sh . . - ---------------.3
34 15 7 12 . 182 . 140 . 195 .288 1.4 1.1 1.5 2 .2
C a n n e d .__
--. 2 2 0
0 .005 .008 0
J u ice_____________ - 0
.1 0
0
(3)
1 1 0
0 .005 .008 0
Sauce, p a ste
0
.1 0
0
(3)
G reen an d lea fy v e g s., to ta l------- _____ ____ ____ _____ 1. 259 1.006 1.297 1.952 7.6 5.5 8 .0 13.5
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
B ru ssels sp r o u ts----------------------0
0
0
0
0
45 20 11 14 .402 .341 .499 .488 1.4 1 .2 1 .8 1.7
C a b b a g e----- ------------------ --- - - 6 4 0
2 .041 .048 0
.2
.060
S a u erk ra u t_______ . . - - - - .2 0
.5
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
C o lla r d s .. _ ______ - -------------0
0
0
28 12 7
9 .216 . 164 .202 .378 1.2 .8 1 .0 2 .5
K a le _____________________ ____
30 11 9 10 .067 .051 .087 .093
.8
L e ttu c e _________________________
.5 1.2 1.2
26 10 5 11 .208 .135 . 130 .484 1.2 .7
S p in ach : F r e sh . --------- ------.7 3 .0
3 2 0
1 .010 .012 0
C an n ed ________ .
.016
.1
.1 0
.1
5 3 2
0 .036 .033 .087 0
O ther le a fy v e g eta b le s------------.2
.2
.6 0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
A sp aragu s: F r e s h ------------------0
0
0
0
0
1 0 0
1 .003 0
C a n n e d _________ _
0
.013 (3)
0
0
.2
2 2 0
0 .008 .014 0
L im a beans: F resh _ __ ___
0
.1
.2 0
0
2 1 0
1 .007 .006 0
C a n n e d __________
.016
.1 (3)
0
.2
27 11 8
8 .185 . 133 .253 .272 1.7 1.1 2.3 2 .7
B ean s, sn a p (strin g ): F r e s h .__
3 3 0
C anned.
0 .010 .018 0
0
.1
.2 0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
B roccoli _____ ______ _____
0
0
0
0
2 2 0
P eas: F re sh ------- --------- ---------0 .020 .033 0
0
.1
.2 0
0
13 3 2
C a n n e d - ______ _____
8 .043 .018 .025 .132
.4
.1
.3 1.4
1 0 1
.014 0
0 .003 0
0
P ep p ers _. ________________
.1 0
(3)
0 0 0
0
0 0
0
0
0
O kra__________ _____________ -0
0
0
Y e llo w veg eta b les, to ta l.
.095 .084 .144 .080
.5
.4
.8
.5
17 7 5
5 .095 .084 .144 .080
C arrots_________ __ ----------.5
.4
.8
.5
0 0 0
W in te r sq u a sh an d p u m p k in .
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.502 .311 .717 .844 3 .2 2 .0 4. 5 6 .2
O ther veg eta b les, t o t a l4 ______
1 0 0
1 .006 0
0
B eets: F re sh — _ _____________
.026 (3)
0
0
.2
2 1 1
C a n n ed __________ _____
.018 0
0 .003 0
0
.1 0
(3)
1 0 1
C a u liflo w e r ., ________ r __ _
0 .006 0
.029 0
0
.3 0
(3)
11 2 5
4 .031 .009 .072 .053
.2 (3)
C e ler y _______________ •--------------.5
.3
0 0 0
0
C orn: O n ear_____________ _____
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
29 11 7 11 .158 .111 .172 .282 1.2 .9 1.4 2 .1
C a n n e d ._____ _______
0 0 0
0
0
0 0
0
C u c u m b er ______________________
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0
0
E g g p la n t_______________________
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
43 16 11 16 .241 .168 .383 .318 1.1
O n ions: M a tu r e . _ -----------------.8 1.4 1.6
14 5 2
S p rin g ___________
7 .039 .023 .022 .099
.4
.2
.2
.9
2 0 1
1 .007 0
.007 .026 (3)
P a r sn ip s_________________
0
.1
.1
0 0 0
S u m m er sq u a sh _______________
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1 0 0
1 .008 0
0
.040 (3)
0
W h ite tu r n ip s________ __
0
.2
.014 0
1 0 1
Y e llo w tu rn ip s, r u ta b a g a . . .
0 .003 0
0
.1 0
(3)
0 0 0
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
O ther v e g eta b le s_______ _ _ _
. 1 .4
.3
P ick le s an d o liv es
_________
.8
.468 .293 .696 .750 3 .0 1.9 4 .7 4 .8
C itru s fru its, to ta l _ ______
17 6 8
3 .067 .029 .177 .073
.6
.3 1.5
L e m o n s .._______ __ __________
.8
27 11 5 11 .284 .203 .278 .517 1.8 1.3 2 .0 3.1
O ranges____________ ____________
15 5 5
5 .117 .061 .241 .160
.6
.3 1.2 .9
G rapefruit: F resh ___ _ _ ___
0 0
0
0
o
1 0 0 0 0
C an n ed ________ ‘1 0 0 0
1T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is c o m p u ted on th e b asis of th e n u m b er
of p erson s eatin g m eals at h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ich th e d ata a p p ly . If a person ate 21 m eals d u rin g
th e w eek , h e w a s cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If h e ate less th a n 21 m eals, he w as co u n ted as
th e ap p rop riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t. 4 D o e s n o t in c lu d e p ick les an d oliv es. N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.




TABULAR

219

summary

T a b l e 7 . — P o o d u s e d at h o m e a n d p u r c h a s e d f o r c o n s u m p t i o n at h o m e d u r in g 1
w ee k i n s p r i n g q u a r te r , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

I N D I A N A P O L I S , I N D .— N E G R O F A M I L I E S — C on tin u ed
N u m b e r of fam ilies
u sin g in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g
per e x p e n d i­
A ll tu re u n it per A ll
fam i­
fam i­
year
lies
lies
U n ­ $300 $400
der to an d
$300 $400 over

Item

Food
fo r

A v erage q u a n tity pu r­
ch ased per p e r so n 1 in 1
w eek

A verage ex p en d itu re
per person U n 1 w eek

E co n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilies sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­
lies
U n ­ $300 $400
der
to
an d
$300 $400 over

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilies
sp en d in g per
exp en d itu re
u n it per year
U n ­ $300 $400
der to an d
$300 $400 over

U sed at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n s u m p tio n

W eek

— C o n tin u ed

at

H om e

in

1
N o.

N o.

N o.

N o.

L b.

L b.

L b.

L b.

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

1. 269 0. 782 1. 574 2. 362 7. 6 4. 2 9. 8 15. 0
48 20 11 17 .715 . 535 . 737 1. 206 2.9 1.9 3. 5 5.1
A p p les: F r e sh ------------- ------------1 0 0
1 .003 0
C anned. . . . _ .
_
0
.013 (3)
0
0
.1
0 0
A pricots: F r e s h .,... _ ------. . .
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C a n n ed ___ __ ______
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
28 5 6 17 . 237 . 079 .275 .650 1.3 .4 1.7 3.6
B a n a n a s. . . . __ . . .
5 .071 .021 . 173 .119
B erries: F r e sh _____. . . --------------11 2 4
.8
.2 1.5 1.9
C an n ed __ . . .
3 1 1
1 .017 .006 . 054 .016
.4
.1 (3)
.1
Cherries: F re sh ___ _____ ______
1 0 0
1 .003 0
0
.2
.013 (3)
0
0
C an n ed ____________ .
7 2 2
3 .049 .023 .090 .083
.4
.3
.5
.6
G rapes: F re sh . __ _ ___________
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C a n n e d .______
_.
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
P each es: F r e s h . ________________
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C anned. _
..
8 3 4
1 .056 .029 . 123 .070
.6
.4 1.1 .6
P ears: F r e s h ___ ______ _______ _
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2 0 1
C a n n ed _________________
1 . 005 0
.007 .016
.1 0
.3
.1
2 0 1
P in ea p p le: F re sh ________________
1 .011 0
. 029 .026
.4
.1 0
.1
C an n ed . . . . . . _ _
5 3 0
2 . 019 .02 0 0
.5
.3
.3 0
.033
M e lo n s .. . . . ______ _. . . . .
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
P lu m s: F resh ___ __ _________. . .
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C an n ed __________________
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O ther fru it_________ _. _. __
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C id er. __ . . . ________ ________
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
G rape ju ic e _______________________
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O ther fru it ju ices_______ . . .
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
D ried : A p rico ts___ __ _______
2 1 0
.2
.2
.3
1 .011 .009 .014 .013
.1
8 4 2
.4
.4
P e a c h e s ... . . . ______ __
2 .031 .028 .043 .026
.4
.5
2 .036 .028 .029 .066
P r u n e s ______________
6 3 1
.2
.2
.7
.3
2 1 0
.2
R a isin s_____ __
1 . 005 . 004 0
. 012
. 1 (3)
0
D a te s . _. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
0
0
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
F ig s---------------------------------0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O th er____
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Sugars an d sw eets, to tal
1. 535 1.131 2. 255 2. 020 8. 7 6. 5 12. 5 11.9
Sugars: W h ite . __ _______ __ _
96 41 24 31 1. 342 .953 1. 886 1.949 7.3 5.1 10.7 10.5
B r o w n . __________ _
5 1 3
1 .022 . 014 .058 .013
. 1 . 1 .3
.1
.4
O ther sw eets: C a n d y . _ _. _
3 .065 .017 . 264 .020
.7
.5
13 6 4
.3
J e llie s. ____. . .
2 . 023 . 023 . 018 .025
.2 (3)
.4
.6
8 2 4
M o la sses, siru p s. _
1 .083 . 124 .029 .013
.7 1.0 .4
.2
13 10 2
O ther sw e e ts. __
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8 .4 6 .2 10.9 13.3
M iscella n eo u s, to ta l __ . . . ____
G e la tin e .. _ . . . ____________ ._
2 1 1
0 . 042 .056 .047 0
. 1 . 1 .1 0
P ack ag ed dessert m ix tu res . . .
4 3 1
. 1 .2
.1 0
0 .004 .005 .003 0
T e a ____ __ ______ ________
21 9 6
6 .010 .009 .010 .013
.6
.4
.9 1.0
C offee____________
__ _______
75 31 16 28 .206 . 155 .217 .338 4.3 3.0 4 .8 7.7
.4
4 4 0
.2
.1 0
C ocoa___ __ ______ _______ __
0 .014 .023 .003 0
.007 0
C h o co la te_______ ____. . . . . .
0 .001 0
0
.1 0
1 0 1
(3)
.4
.2
.5
V in egar___________ ________ __ ._
.3
. 1 1.0
.4
.3
S a lt________________________________
. 1 1.1
B a k in g p ow d er, y e a st, so d a . __
.6
.5
. 1 . 3 .6
.2
S p ices an d extra cts _ _ _ _ _ _
.1
C atsu p s, sa u c e s._______ ______ __
0
0
(3)
.2
.1 0
T o m a to so u p _____________________
4 3 1
0 .012 .018 .010 0
.1
.1
.1 0
0
O ther so u p s _______ ____________
0 .004 .007 0
0
1 1 0
0
C od -liver o il_______ ____________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0 0 0
0
P ro p rietary fo o d s. . . . __________
0
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
1 .003 0
0
.5
O ther foods _ _ _ _ _________
.013
.1 0
1 0 0
0
.8
.7 1.5 .9
3 .083 .059 .201 .073
Soft d rinks con su m ed at hom e__
13 5 5
.069 0
.5 0
2 .2 0
O ther drin k s con su m ed at h o m e .
2 0 2
0 .020 0
Sales tax on fo o d .__ _________ . . .
} T h e n u m b er of e q iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is co m p u te d on th e b a sis of th e n u m b er
of p erson s e a tin g m eals at h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ic h th e d a ta a p p ly . If a person ate 21 m eals d u rin g
th e w eek , he w a s co u n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If h e ate less th a n 21 m eals, h e w a s c o u n ted
as th e ap p rop riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s o n th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 380.




220
T

east north central region

able

7 .—

F o o d u s e d at h o m e a n d p u r c h a s e d f o r c o n s u m p t i o n at h o m e d u r in g
w ee k i n w i n t e r q u a r te r , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

1

L A N S IN G , M I C H —W H IT E F A M IL IE S
A ll fam i­
lies

Ite m

Food
fo r
1

33
4.90
4.00

A verage q u a n tity p u r­
ch a sed per p e r so n 1 in 1
w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lie s sp en d in g
per e x p e n d i­
A ll tu re u n it per A ll
fa m i­
fam i­
year
lie s
lie s
U n ­ $400 $600
der to a n d
$400 $600 o v er

Ite m

U n d er $400 $400 to $600

83
3.61
3.04

N u m b e r o f fam ilies su rv ey ed in w in ter q u a rter____ __ A verage n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons 1 per
fa m ily in 1 w e e k .. __ _ ___ _ _ _ __ _ ______
A verage n u m b er of food ex p en d itu re u n its 2 per fa m ily
i n i w e e k _______ ____________________
N u m b e r of fa m ilies
u sin g in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic le v e l— F am ilies sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re u n it per year
$600 an d
over

28
3.04
2.61

22
2.40
2. 14

A verage ex p en d itu re
per p erson 1 in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilie s
sp e n d in g per
ex p e n d itu r e
A ll
fam i­ u n it p er yea r
lie s
$400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
to
an d
der to an d
$600 o v er
$400 $600 ov er

E c o n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per e x p en d itu re
u n it p er yea r
U n­
der
$400

U sed at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

W eek

N c.

N c

.

N o.

N o.

L b.

L b.

L b.

L b.

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

217.2 155. 3 265. 2 328. 7
3. 762 4.768 4. 627 35. 5 29. 1 42. 6 42. 7
2.187 3.164 2. 346 23.3 17.9 31. 5 25. 5
1.817 1.940 1. 273 13.6 13.8 15.2 10.3
80 33 26 21
.162 .423 .271 2 .4 1.4 4 .0 2.5
9
29 12 8
.034 .043 . 121
.4
2
7 2 3
.2
.4 1.1
.061 .259 . 150 1.8 .6 3.4 2 .6
45 13 19 13
4
0
.027 .069
6 0 2
.3 0
.3 1.1
.013 .023 .020
.2
2
6 1 3
.1
.4
.4
.052 . 131 . 141 1.8 1.0 2.6 3.1
30 12 9
9
21 6 10
5
.037 .118 . 133 1.5
.7 2.2 2.6
12 5 5
2
.006 .098 .005
.5
.1 1.5
.1
.005 . 102 . 163
.8 (3)
1. 5 1. 7
41 15 14 12
.085 . 117 . 114 1.9 1.9 2 .4 1.3
1.490 1.487 2.167 10.3 9. 3 8. 7 15.9
.962 .932 1.268 4.8 4 .2 4. 0 8 .0
68 30 22 16
0
0
3 0 2
1
0
0
0
0
0
.039 . 104 . 182
9 3 3
3
.5
.2
.5 1.4
3
.029 .053 0
17 9 5
.2
.3
.3 0
0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12 5 5
2
.010 .038 .012
.2
.1
.4
.1
4
23 9 10
.060 .0 /5 .056
.4
.4
.4
.4
42 18 12 12
.168 .132 .368 1.6 1.5 1.3 2.5
22 10 6
6
.041 .058 .083
.9
.7
.8 1.4
4 0 2
2
0
0
.012 (3)
0
0
.1
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0.
0
0
0
9
37 17 11
. 181 .095 .186 1.7 1.9 1.0 2 .0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
79 32 25 22
.431 .612 .610 11.0 9 .0 13.2 13.9
4. 352 5. 512 7. 975 27. 3 20.8 30. 5 41. 9
79 29 28 22
4. 012 4. 944 7. 375 20.8 17.1 21.3 31.7
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3 1 1
1
.016 .023 .059
.1 (3)
.1
.1
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
26 13 9
.199 .241 .143 1.7 1.6 2 .0 1.4
36 11 15 10
.056 . 156 .173 2.5 1.2 3 .9 4.1
20 7 6
7
.060 .097 .119 1.0 .7 1.4 1.4
6 1 3
2
.009 .008 .035
.4
.2
.5
.7
8 0 5
3
0
.043 .071
.8 0
1.3 2. 5
1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is com p u ted on th e b asis of th e n u m b er
of persons eatin g m eals at h o m e d uring th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson ate 21 m eals during
th e w eek , h e w as cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th at w eek . If he ate less th a n 21 m eals, h e w a s cou n ted as
th e ap propriate d ecim al eq u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
2 T h e n u m b er of exp en d itu re u n its per fa m ily in 1 w eek is co m p u ted on th e b asis of th e exp en d itu re u n its
rep resented b y th e e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons eatin g m eals at h o m e d uring th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta
a p p ly .
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.
T o ta l________________ ________________
G rain p rod u cts, to ta l_____
B read an d oth er b ak ed goods,
t o t a l.. __ __________ __
B read: W h ite _______________
G ra h am , w h . w h e a t.
R y e __________________
C rack ers__________ __ __
P la in r o lls .- . __ __ _ _ _
S w eet rolls—_ _ __ _ _ _
C o o k ie s ..- _ _ _ ___________
C ak es —
__ _ __ _ _
P ie s .. _________ - _______ _
O th er______ ________________
R ea d y -to -ea t cereals_____
F lou r an d oth er cereals, to ta l-.
F lour: W h ite ._
.
____
G r a h a m .. .
O th er_________________
C orn m eal
_______________
H o m in y ___________
. . __
C o rn starch ______ ______ __
R ic e . _ ___
___ __ __
R o lled o a ts_____
_________
W h eat cereal _ _ _ _ _ _
____
T a p io c a ____ _____ ___________
S a go— _ ________________
M acaron i, sp a gh etti, n o o­
d les_______________ _____
O ther grain p r o d u c ts________
E g g s---------------------------------------------M ilk , cheese, ice cream , to ta l _
M ilk : F resh, w h ole— b o ttle d „
lo o se____
sk im m e d ____ _
b u tterm ilk an d
oth er_______ __
S k im m ed , d ried ___ _
E v a p o ra ted an d con d sd .
C heese: A m erican . _ __ __
C o tta g e .
... . .
O th er________________
Ice crea m . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _




4.199
2.492
1. 756
.255
.052
. 133
.020
.017
.090
.077
.032
.060
.099
1.608
1.008
0
.083
.031
0
.018
.063
. 193
.053
.002
0
. 157
0
.508
5.311
4. 869
0
0
.017
0
.201
.105
.081
.013
.025

221

TABULAR SUMMARY
T a b l e 7 .—

Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in winter quarter, by economic level— Continued

L A N S I N G , M I C H .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
qu
pu
N u m b e r of fam ilies A verage per apnetity n 1 inr­ A verage exp en d itu re
ch ased
r so
1 per p erson 1 in 1 w eek
u sin g in 1 w eek
w eek

Item

Food Used at Home and Purchased
for Consumption at Home in 1
Week—Continued
Butter___ _ _ _ _ _
_ ____
Cream________ _
----------- --Other table fats _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Lard___________________________
Vegetable shortening_____ ___ _
Table or cooking oils__________
M ayonnaise and other salad
dressing_____________ _______
Bacon, sm oked________________
Salt side of pork__ __ ___ _ ___
M eat, poultry, fish and other sea
Beef:
Fresh: steak, porterhouse, sir­
loin, _ _______
top r o u n d _____
oth er,_ _ __
roast, rib _ _ _ _ _
chuck. _ __
other___ __
boiling, chuck ___
plate _
other. _________
Canned— __ ___ _ __ __ _ _
Corned. _ _ _ _ _ __
Dried_____
_ ________
Other ___ _ ___________ ______
Veal: Fresh, steak, chops. _ _
roast ____ _______
stew . . . _
Lamb: Fresh, chops._ . . . . . .
roast. __ _________
s t e w . . ___ _____
Pork: Fresh, chops. ____ _____
loin roast.. _ _ _
other _ . . . _ . . .
Smoked ham, slices__ _
half or w h _
picnic _ _
Pork sausage. __ _ ______
Other pork._ . . . __ _ _
Miscellaneous meats, total.
Other fresh m eat____
__ __
Bologna, frankfu rters_____ . . .
Cooked: H a m . . ____ _
Tongue_______ _ __ _
Liver____ _ _______________
Other meat products _ __ __ _
Poultry: Chicken, broiling_______
roast.. . ____
stew _________
T urkey_________________
Other_____ _ ___ _ __

Economic
level—Fam i­
lies spending
per expendi­
All ture unit per All
fami­
fam i­
year
lies
lies
U n­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

No. No. No. No. Lb.
1. 268
69 25 26 18 .418
25 3 8 14 . 134
21 12 4
5 . 129
69 30 24 15 .271
9 4 1 4 .032
4 2 2
0 .017
41 13 18 10 . 126
9 . 122
31 9 13
2 .019
9 5 2
1.949
25 8 5
15 5 4
5 2 2
19 4 8
14 5 6
10 4 2
9 3 5
1 0 1
6 4 1
6 3 0
1 0 1
12 3 5
13 4 6
9 2 5
3 1 1
3 1 2
6 0 3
2 1 0
1 0 1
17 5 9
5 2 3
13 3 6
6 1 4
2 1 0
3 1 2
16 7 4
6 3 3
0 0 0
24 14 6
5 0 2
0 0 0
16 8 2
4 1 2
3 1 1
4 0 1
2 1 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
_
12 "’ "6 2
27 8 10
2 1 0
3 1 2
1 0 0

12
6
1
7
3
4
1
0
1
3
0
4
3
2
1
0
3
1
0
3
0
4
1
1
0
5
0
0
4
3
0
6
1
1
3
1
0
0

.148
.079
.041
. 163
. 190
. 112
.083
.012
.036
.005
.003
.008
.086
.048
. 021
.013
.019
.018
.001
.082
. 036
.051
.029
.063
.021
.060
.029
. 186
0
. 106
.012
0
. 044
.024
.014
.061
.039
0
0
. 192
.065
.098
.009
. 018
.002

Economic level—
Families spending
per expenditure
All
unit per year
fami­
lies
U n­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

Economic
level—Families
spending per
expenditure
unit per year
U n­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

Lb.
0. 979
.341
. 012
. 155
.267
.016
.012
.080
.090
.006
1.482

Lb.
1.409
.515
. 122
.065
.298
.010
. 038
.198
.136
.027
2.230

Lb.
1. 926
.498
.525
. 150
.241
.118
0
.151
. 198
.045
2. 922

Ct.
32.2
15.6
2.7
2.0
4.6
.7
.4
2.4
3.4
.4
41.9

Ct.
23.8
12.3
.2
2.6
4.4
.3
.2
1.5
2.2
.1
26.6

Ct.
37.2
19. 5
2.3
.9
5.0
.2
1.0
3.8
3.9
.6
49.4

.115
.051
.035
.065
.219
. 110
.060
0
.043
0
0
.003
.061
.010
. 002
.016
0
.018
0
.054
.026
.031
.008
.094
0
.062
.031
. 175
0
. 130
0
0
.045
0
0
0
.027
0
0
. 166
.067
.067
.016
.016
0

. 101
.096
.055
.232
. 165
.091
. 160
.042
.011
0
.011
.009
. 139
.069
. 032
.016
.032
0
.005
. 123
.077
.096
.071
0
.074
.042
.042
. 168
0
.094
.028
0
.011
.035
.048
.044
0
0
0
. 179
.029
. 118
0
.032
0

.322
. 137
.035
.350
. 139
. 155
.028
0
.056
.028
0
.022
.076
. 130
. 058
0
.056
.047
0
. 100
0
.039
.028
.069
0
.081
0
. 253
0
.053
. 021
0
.096
.083
0
.278
. 139
0
0
.296
.118
. 161
.003
o
. 0141

4.0
2.2
.8
3.1
3.4
1.9
1.2
.2
.4
.1
.1
.5
1.3
1.3
.8
.2
.6
.3
(3)
2.0
1.0
1.0
.9
1.9
.4
1.3
.5
3.8
0
1.8
.5
0
.8
.7
.4
1.7
.9
0
0
3.7
1.3
1.8
.1
.4
.1

2.5
1.4
.5
1.1
3.6
1.8
.7
0
.5
0
0
.2
.9
.3
.1
.2
0
.2
0
1.0
.8
.3
.2
2.4
0
1.3
.4
2.8
0
2.2
0
0
.6
0
0
0
.7
0
0
2.7
1.0
1.1
.2
.4
0

2.8
2.8
1.1
4.3
3.6
1.5
2.6
.4
.2
0
.2
.6
1.9
2.0
1.3
.4
.9
0
.1
3.4
1.8
2.2
2.2
0
1.4
.9
.9
3.4
0
1.6
1.0
0
.2
.6
1.4
1.4
0
0
0
3.7
.7

Ct.
49.8
19. 5
10.8
2.1
4.2
2.5
0
3.3
6.3
1.1
75.7

10.3
3.8
1.1
7.5
2.4
2.8.
.4
0
.6
.6
0
1.4
1.6
3.3
2.1
0
1.7
1.4
0
3.0
0
1.0
1.0
3.6
0
2.2
0
6.6
0
.8
1.0
0
2.0
2.8
0
7.4
2.9
0
0
7.0
3.0
2 .2 3.3
.2
0
.8 0
.6
0

F ish an d oth er sea food, to ta l ______
F ish : F resh _________ _____________
4
C an n ed _ ____________ __
9
C u r ed _______ __ __ . . . __
1
O ysters . . . _________ __ _______
0
O ther sea fo o d . _ __ _ ___________
1
i T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is com p u ted on th e basis of th e n u m b er
of p erson s ea tin g m eals at h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson ate 21 m eals during
th e w eek , he w as cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e p erson for th a t w eek . If h e ate less th a n 21 m eals, h e w as co u n ted as
th e ap p rop riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person,
s L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 380.




222

BAST NORTH CENTRAL R IO
EG N

T a b l e 7 .—

Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in winter quarter, by economic level— Continued

L A N S I N G , M IC H .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C on tin u ed
q u n tity u r­
N u m b e r of fam ilies A verage pera p erson p1 in A verage exp en d itu re
ch ased
u sin g in 1 w eek
per person 4 in 1 w eek
1 w eek
E co n o m ic
E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
E co n o m ic le v e l—
le v e l— F a m ilies
lie s sp en d in g
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
sp en d in g per
A ll per ex p en d i­ A ll
A ll
per exp en d itu re
fam i­ tu re u n it per fam i­
fam i­ uexp en d itu re
u n it per year
n it per year
lies
year
lies
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
der
to
an d
der to an d
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over

Ite m

F ood u sed
fo r

at H o m e

C o n su m p tio n

and
at

P u rch a sed
H om e

in

1

N o.
N o. N o.
N o.
— C o n tin u ed
V e g e ta b les an d fru its, t o t a l4.
77 32 27 18
P o ta to e s
- ___
- . . -S w eetp o ta to es, y a m s
._ 7 0 3
4
D r ied leg u m es an d n u ts, to ta l. _
D r ied c o r n ._ _ .
... ..
0 0 0
0
28 11 13
4
B ean s: D r y ------------------------------2 1 0
1
C an n ed , d ried ____ __ .
B a k ed , n o t ca n n e d ____
0 0 0
0
1 0 0
P eas: B la c k -e y e d --------------------1
1 1 0
0
O th er---------------------------7 1 3
N u ts: S h e lle d ________. . . . .
3
4 1 2
In s h e ll.. . ---------. . .
1
32 13 12
P ea n u t b u tte r __________ ._ . .
7
O ther dried leg u m es an d n u ts
T o m a to es: F resh __ ________ _ _
5 0 3
2
C a n n e d . . . _.
42 22 11
9
7 0 3
4
J u ic e .. . . . . . .
1 1 0
S a u ce, p a ste___ __
0
G reen a n d lea fy v eg s., t o t a l ____
B ru ssels sp r o u ts____. . . _ ..
0 0 0
0
36 16 12
C a b b a g e. . . . ____ __ _ . .
8
S a u e r k r a u t.. _ . --------- --18 8 6
4
1 0 0
C o lla rd s_____________ .
1
0 0 0
K a le ______ _____ . . . 0
49 14 19 16
L e ttu c e ____________ -1 0 1
S p in a ch : F r e sh . . . . _ -----0
9 2 3
C a n n e d . ________
4
O ther le a fy v eg eta b les _. . .
2 1 1
0
A sp aragu s: F re sh __
------0 0 0
0
C an n ed ________
2 0 1
1
1 1 0
L im a beans: F r e sh ____ . . .
0
C a n n e d ___
9 4 2
3
B ea n s, sn a p (strin g): F resh ____
5 1 2
2
C anned—
22 11 7
4
B r o c c o li_____ . . . -------------0 0 0
0
P eas: F r e sh --------------------3 0 1
2
C a n n ed ____ . . . . _. . .
38 13 12 13
4 0 1
P e p p e r s. _ . ----------- _ _ __
3
O k ra___ . . . _______ __ _ _
0 0 0
0
Y e llo w v e g eta b le s, to ta l________
C a rrots. . . . . . . ._ ________
43 16 15 12
W in te r sq u a sh an d p u m p k in _
6 3 2
1
O th er v e g eta b le s, t o t a l4____ __
B eets: F re sh ____ _ _
. __
1 0 0
1
C a n n ed ____ _____ _ _
17 8 6
3
C a u liflo w e r _________ ________
2 1 0
1
C e ler y ------------------------ ----------31 8 11 12
C orn: O n ea r . _ __________. . .
1 0 1
0
C a n n ed _ __ _ _ ____
29 16 10
3
C u cu m b er _. ________________
1 0 1
0
E g g p la n t----------------------------------0 0 0
0
O n ions: M a tu r e .. ____________
46 21 15 10
S p rin g . -----------0 0 0
0
P a r sn ip s_________ _ _ .. . . . __
5
3 2
0
S u m m er sq u a sh _______________
0 0 0
0
1 1 0
0
W h ite tu r n ip s. . . ______
Y e llo w tu rn ip s, ru ta b a g a . . . .
3
7 3 1
2
5
1 2
O th er v e g eta b le s___ __
P ick le s an d o liv e s_______ . . . .
C itru s fru its, to ta l____________ _
L e m o n s____ ________________ __
17 7 5
5
52 19 17 16
O ranges---------------------G rapefruit: F resh ____ . . . .
16 5 5
6
C a n n e d .............. ..
1 0 0
1
1 See foo tn o te 1, p . 223.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N te in th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.
os
W eek




L b.

L b.

L b.

L b.

O f.

C t.

C t.

065 9. 734 9.130 37.6 23.8 52. 3
1. 844 3. 378 .940 1.8 1.5 3.0
.4 0
0
.106 .222
.5
. 219 . 266 . 199 2 .4 2 .2 3. 3
0
0
0
0
0
0
. 122 . 112 .150
.7
.8
.7
.014 0
0
.1 0
(3)
0
0
0
0
0
0
.1 0
0
.007 0
.2
.00 2 .010 0
.1
(3) (3)
.002 .002 .012
.2
.1 .1
0
0
0
0
0
0
.079 .135 .037 1.4 1.2 2 .2
0
0
0
0
0
0
.4 0
0
.6
.037 .067
. 124 . 153 .072 1.0 1.0 1.4
.2 0
0
.048 .046
.4
.011 0
.0
. 1 .2 0
.613 1. 225 1. 230 7.4 4.1 10.6
0
0
0
0
0
0
.235 .440 .2 2 2
.9
.7 1.4
.4
.057 .084 .056
.5
.3
.1 0
0
0
. 166
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.070 .236 .321 2.1 1.0 3 .0
.1 0
.042 0
0
.2
.022 .045 .061
.4
.2
.5
.016 0
0
0
(3) (3)
0
0
0
0
0
0
.1 0
0
.013 .00 8
.2
.1
.2
.031 .00 6 0
.1
.1
.00 8 .024 0
.1
.3
.023 .013 .051
.2
.1
.2
.4 1 .2
.059 . 122 .016
.6
0
0
0
0
0
0
.2 0
.2
0
.013 .053
.092 .182 .269 1.9 1.1 2 .4
.2 0
0
.4
.00 5 .00 7
0
0
0
0
0
0
. 130 . 244 . 278 1. 3 .8 1. 7
. 114 .244 .22 0 1.2 .7 1.7
.016 0
.1
.1 0
.058
.462 . 602 .693 4. 5 3 .0 6. 7
0
0
0
0
0
0
.2
.2
.023 .02 2 .035
.2
0
.1 0
0
.017
0
.039 . 140 . 197 1.2 .5 1.7
0
0
.1
.01 0 0
(3)
.104 .133 .072 1.2 1 .2 1.5
0
.00 5 0
0
.1
(3)
0
0
0
0
0
0
.6
.6
. 128 . 126 .248
.6
.00 2 0
0
0
(3) (3)
.055 .05 3 0
.1
.1
.3
0
0
0
0
0
0
.1 0
0
.098 0
(3)
.2
.00 5 .05 0 . I l l
. 1 .3
.4
.1
.0 0 8 .063 .013
.8
.1 1.1
.5
1. 275 . 706 1. 515 2. 627 7. 7 4 .4 8 .9
.07 0 .053 .069 . 123
.8
.6
.6
.852 .505 1. 062 1. 576 5 .4 3.1 7.0
.350 . 148 .384 .912 1.4
.7 1.3
.00 3 0
0
.016
.1 0
0
4 D o e s n o t in clu d e p ick les an d oliv es.

7 . 063
2. 120
.069
. 228
0
. 124
.007
0
.002
.004
.004
0
.087
0
.022
.123
.022
.006
.893
0
.291
.064
.029
0
.160
.012
.036
.00 8
0
.00 5
.018
.011
.025
. 069
0
.013
. 149
.003
0
. 189
.170
.01 9
. 541
0
.025
.00 3
.095
.003
.107
.001
0
. 148
.001
.045
0
.053
.036
.024

5.

C t.

58.9
.8
1.2
2. 4
0
.8
0
0
0
0
.8
0
.8
0
1.1
.7
.4
0
12. 7
0
.8
.4
.8
0
3 .9
0
.9
0
0
.3
0
0
.5
.1
0
1 .0
3.6
.4
0
1.6
1.5
.1
7. 3
0
.3
.3
2.5
0
.9
0
0
.8
0
0
0
0
.7
.9
.9
15.4
1.3
9.8
4 .0
.3

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

7.—

223

Food used at home and purchased, for consumption at home during 1
week in winter quarter, by economic level— Continued

L A N S I N G , M IC H .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
Number of families
using in 1week

Economic
level—Fami­
lies spending
All per expendi­ All
unit
fami­ tureyear per fami­
lies
lies
Un­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

Item

Food
jo r

Average quantity pur­
chased per person1
in
week

Average expenditure
per person1in 1week

Economic level—
Families spending
per expenditure
All
unit per year
fami­
lies
Un­ $400 $600
der
to and
$400 $600 over

Economic
level—Families
spending per
expenditure
unit per year
Un­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

U sed at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

F lo m e

in

1

Continued
_
Other fruits, total_________ _
Apples: Fresh_ ----------------_
Canned. _________
Apricots: Fresh_______
Canned____ ____
Bananas...___ _
_ __
_
Berries: Fresh. ___ __ _ ...
Canned__ _____...
Cherries: Fresh— __ _ _ _
_ _
Canned----------------Grapes: Fresh____ ______
Canned___ _____
Peaches: Fresh__ ______
. Canned__ _ ____
_
Pears: Fresh__________ ___
Canned._______ _ _
_ _
Pineapple: Fresh__________
Canned----- _. _
Melons_________________
Plums: Fresh______ _ ___
_
Canned_____ ______
_
Other fruit________ _ ... _
Cider. _______ _____ _ _
Grape juice_. _ ___ _____
_
Other fruit juices____ _____
Dried: Apricots_____ _ _ ...
_
Peaches. __________
Prunes___ ___ ____
Raisins___ _____ ___
Dates_________ ____
Figs-----------------------Other___ _ _____ _
_
Sugars and sweets, total.. _ _ _
_ _
Sugars: White. ._ _____ _ ...
Brown_______ ____
Other sweets: Candy. ____ ____
Jellies___ ___
Molasses, sirups_
_
Other sweets. _
_
Miscellaneous, total. _ . . . __
Gelatine.._ __ ____ ______
Packaged dessert mixtures . . .
Tea__________________
Coffee____ _ _ ____ ._ ...
Cocoa_______ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Chocolate.. _ _______ _ _
_
_
Vinegar— _ _ ________ _ _
. _
Salt____________________
Baking powder, yeast, soda. _
Spices and extracts _ ____ _
Catsups, sauces______ __
Tomato soup___ _ _______ _
Other soups__ _______ _
_
Cod-liver oil ____________
Proprietary foods__________
Other foods. _ ______ __ _
Soft drinks consumed at home..
Other drinks consumed at home.
Sales tax on food___ ____ ____
W eek —

N o.

N o.

N o.

N o.

L b.

47 18 1
7
3 0 3
0 0 0
1 0 0
1
47 20 2
4 1 1
1
3 7 5
0 0 0
1
3 7 4
0 0 0
0 0 0
1 0 1
35 1 1
5 1
0 0 0
1
3 5 3
1 0 1
1
9 8 6
0 0 0
0 0 0
5 3 2
2 0 1
0 0 0
7 3 0
2 0 1
1 1 0
1 1 0
1
3 5 5
23 9 1
0
2 0 1
0 0 0
2 0 2

1
2
0
0
1
6
2
1
0
2
0
0
0
9
0
5
0
5
0
0
0
1
0
4
1
0
0
3
4
1
0
0

82 3 28
3
32 1 1
5 0
2
1 8 7
2
1 6 8
1 1
8 0 4

21
7
6
7
4

20 5 7
12 5 5
33 1
5 9
72 30 26
24 1
5 5
3 0 2

8
2
9
16
4
1

1
4
1
6
1
5
6
0
3
1
9

5
6
8
1
0
0
5

5

4

5
1
0
2
9

L b.

L b.

L b.

1 575
.
.821
.004
0
.002
.475
.008
.011
0
.012
0
0
.008
.057
0
.009
.003
.022
0
0
0
.008
0
.017
.005
.002
.001
.046
.055
.006
0
.003
1.366
1.056
. 137
.078
.018
.077
0

0. 956
.367
0
0
0
.369
.006
.010
0
.011
0
0
0
.046
0
0
0
.040
0
0
0
0
0
.031
0
.004
.002
.031
.039
0
0
0
.951
.731
.089
.061
.012
.058
0

2.160
.944
.013
0
0
.793
0
.019
0
.013
0
0
.026
.053
0
0
.011
.075
0
0
0
.018
0
0
.006
0
0
.065
.102
.012
0
.010
1.768
1.358
.202
.086
.015
. 107
0

2 756
.
2.015
0
0
.014
.285
.030
0
0
.014
0
0
0
.097
0
.049
0
. 106
0
0
0
.020
0
0
.019
0
0
.062
.028
.017
0
0
1.987
1.564
. 178
.117
.042
.086
0

.018
.028
.036
.251
.045
.005

.012
.023
.028
.215
.051
0

.034
.028
.027
.298
.026
.016

.012
.041
.073
.286
.056
.003

.047 .074
.066 .047
.027 .021
0
.011
0
0
.056
0
.070 .773

.035
.070
.009
.010
0
.056
.251

4 .053
6 .062
2 .022
4 .005
0 0
1 .026
5 .302

C t.

10.4
3.3
(3
)
0
(3
)
2.8
.2
.2
0
.1
0
0
.1
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0
.1
.1
.9
0
0
0
.1
0
.2
.1
.1
(3
)
.6
.6
.1
0
(3
)
9.1
5.7
.8
1.6
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.8
0
22.6
.5
.9
1.9
7.0
.8
.2
(3
)
1.0
.9
1.3

.5

.6
.8
1.3
.3
0
.3
4.3

C t.

6. 6
1.5
0
0
0
2.1
.1
.2
0
.2
0
0
0
.7
0
0
0
.6
0
0
0
0
0
.3
0
.2
(3
)
.3
.4
0
0
0
6.2
3.9

.5

1.1
.2

.5

C t.

15. 2
4.4
.1
0
0
5.0
0
.4
0
.1
0
0
.4
.8
0
0
.3
1.2
0
0
0
.1
0
0
.1
0
0
.9
1.1
.1
0
.2
11.4
7.4
1.1
1.6
.2
1.1
0
28.6
.8
.8
1.1
9.0
.5
.5
0
1.7
1.0
.2

C t.

15.3
6.8
0
0
.2
1.7
.7
0
0
.1
0
0
0
1.1
0
.8
0
1.5
0
0
0
.3
0
0
.4
0
0
1.0
.3
.4
0
0
14.3
8.6
1.2
2.9
.5
1.1
0
31. 5
.3
1.3
5.1
8.2

0
16.0
.5
.8
1.2
5.5
1.0
.5
.1
0
.1
0
1.4
.6
.8
1.0
1.0
3.7
.4 .5
.4
.5 .8 .4
.8 .7 1.0
.7 1.6 2.5
.6 .8
0
0
0
0
0
.6 .7
2.2 8.2 4.0

i T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is co m p u ted on th e b asis of th e n u m b er
of p ersons ea tin g m eals at h o m e d uring th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta a p p ly . If a p erson ate 21 m eals d u rin g
th e w eek , h e w as cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e p erson for th a t w eek . If h e ate less th a n 21 m eals, he w as c o u n ted
as th e ap propriate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.




224

east north central region

T able 7.— Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, by economic level

M I L W A U K E E , W IS .— W H IT E F A M I L IE S
A ll fam i­
lies

Item

Food
fo r

92
5.22
4.30

A verage q u a n tity p ur­
chased per person 1 in
1 w eek

E con o m ic
le v el— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g
per exp en d i­
A ll ture u n it per A ll
fam i­
fam i­
year
lies
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

Hem

U n d er $400 $400 to $600

333
3.68
3.12

N u m b e r of fam ilies su rv ey ed in sp rin g q u a rter_______ _
A verage n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e p ersons 1 per
fa m ily in 1 w e e k .. _ _ ___________________ ____ _____ __
A verage n u m b er of food exp en d itu re u n its 2 per fa m ily
i n i w e e k . . ______ __________________________ _. . . -N u m b er of fam ilies
u sin g in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re u n it per year
$600 an d
over

141

100
2. 50
2.19

3.5 2
3.00

A verage exp en d itu re
per p e r so n 1 in 1 w eek

E con o m ic le v e l—
F am ilies sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
der
to
and
$400 $600 over

E con o m ic
le v el— F am ilies
sp en d in g per
exp en d itu re
u n it per year
U n ­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

U se d at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

W eek
N o.

N o.

N o.

N o.

L b.

L b.

Lb.

L b.

c t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

270.5 210.4 279. 5 366 4
T o ta l
. ______________ _______
4.533 4.277 4.641 4. 753 42.9 37. 7 42. 4 49.5
G rain p rod u cts, to ta l _________
B read an d oth er b ak ed goods,
2.982 2. 711 3.148 3.121 32.6 28. 5 33 7 38.0
to ta l . . . _________
B read: W h i t e ....____________ 288 79 128 81 1.485 1.406 1.625 1.355 12.9 11.8 14.'3 12.1
G ra h am , w h . w h e a t.
56 18 20 18 .148 . 126 . 128 .228 1.3 1.1 1.1 2.3
134 40 60 34 .456 .420 .493 .452 3 .9 3 .6 4 .2 4 .0
R y e __________________
C ra ck ers__________________ . 114 30 48 36 .123 .090 .131 .163 1.5 1.1 1.5 2.1
P la in r o lls .. . . . _ _____ _ 117 35 54 28 .211 .202 .220 . 169 3.1 3 .0 3 .4 2 .6
S w eet rolls . . . ____________ _ 122 38 50 34 . 197 .214 .184 .192 3.3 3 .8 2 .9 3 .3
C oo k ies _ ________
____ _ 118 30 50 38 . 148 . 104 . 162 .204 2.8 1.6 2 .9 4 .8
76 18 30 28 . 100 .064 .090 . 187 2.3 1.6 1.9 4 .3
C a k e s. _ _ _ _ _ _
38 13 13 12 .098 .084 .093 . 136 1.2 .9 1.1 1.9
P ie s ____ __ __ _
.016 .001 .022 .035
O th e r .. ________ __ _
4 .6
.3 (3)
R ea d y -to -ea t cereals. . . . _ _ _ 137 37 62 38 .108 .074 . 133 .123 1.8 1.4
.2 2.1
F lo u r an d other cereals, to ta l—
1.443 1.492 1. 360 1. 509 8. 5 7 .8 8. 5 9 4
F lour: W h ite .._ _______ __ ^ 183 56 82 45 1. 051 1.118 1.043 .938 4 .5 4 .5 4 .7 4 . 2
G ra h am ______
3 1 1
1 .023 .008 0
.098
.1 (3)
0
.3
O th er__________
13 7 5
1 .024 .044 .011 .010
.2
.4
.1
.1
12 6 6
0 .015 .025 .012 0
C orn m eal ___________________
.2
.1
.1 0
H o m in y ----------- ---------------1 1 0
0 .001 .003 0
0
0
0
(3) (3)
24 10 9
5 .018 .023 .013 .020
C o rn starch ______________ ____
.2
.2
.2
.2
74 24 32 18 .069 .069 .066 .074
R i c e ... . . . ______ __________
.6
.5
.6
.6
R o lle d o a t s .. . _______ ._ .
75 24 30 21 .064 .058 .044 .116
.6
.5
.5 1.0
29 9 12
8 .026 .022 .024 .041
W h e a t cereal. _____________
.4
.3
.4
.6
T a p io c a ____
___________
6 2 4
0 .003 .002 .004 0
.1 (3)
.1 0
1 1 0
0 .001 .002 0
S a g o . ________ ______ . . .
0
0
0
(3) (3)
M a ca ro n i, sp a g h etti, n o od les 148 46 62 40 .148 .118 .143 .212 1.7 1.2 1.8 2 .4
0 0 0
0
O ther grain p ro d u cts________
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
E g g s---------------------------------------------- 313 89 130 94 .796 .626 .829 1. 060 12.6 9 .7 13.1 17.0
M ilk , cheese, ice cream , to ta l _
5. 830 5. 212 6.109 6. 504 33. 6 27.8 35. 3 42.0
M ilk : F resh , w h o le— b o ttle d __ 323 88 140 95 5. 219 4. 688 5. 499 5. 726 24.5 21.6 25.9 27.4
lo o se ____
1 0 0
1 .004 0
.1
.017 (3)
0
0
0
sk im m e d .. _ . . .
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
b u tte r m ilk an d
oth er_______ _
2 .025 .009 .037 .034
10 2 6
.2
.1 (3)
.1
S k im m ed , d ried ____
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
E v a p o ra ted or c o n d sd . 109 35 50 24 .303 .346 .276 .274 2.3 2 .6 2 .2 2.1
135 35 57 43 .095 .055 . 105 .154 2 .4 1.3 2.6 4.1
C heese: A m erica n . _________
32 11 14
C o tta g e ____. . . .
7 .035 .038 .033 .032
.4
.4
.4
.4
94 23 39 32 .071 .048 .073 .109 1.8 1.1 1.8 3 .2
O th er_____________ . _
84 12 36 36 .078 .028 .086 .158 2.1
Ice c re a m .__ ____________ ______
.8 2 .2 4 .6
1 T h e n u m b er o f e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fam ily in 1 w eek is co m p u ted on th e basis o f th e n u m b er
of persons eatin g m eals a t h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ich th e d ata a p p ly . If a p erson ate 21 m eals d u rin g
th e w eek , h e w as cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If h e ate less th a n 21 m eals, h e w as cou n ted
as th e ap propriate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
2 T h e n u m b er of exp en d itu re u n its per fa m ily in 1 w eek is c o m p u ted on th e b a sis of th e exp en d itu re u n its
rep resen ted b y th e e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons eatin g m eals af h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta
a p p ly .
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 380.




225

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

7 . — Food used at home and purchased for consumption at home during 1
week in spring quarter, $y economic level— Continued

M I L W A U K E E , W J ^ — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
N u m b e r of fam ilies
u sin g in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g
per ex p en d i­
A ll tu re u n it ner A ll
fam i­
fam iyear
lies
lie s
U n - $400 $600
der to an d
$400 $600 over

Item

Food
fo r

A verage q u a n tity p u r­
ch ased per person 1 in
1 w eek

A verage exp en d itu re
per p erson 1 in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilies
sp en d in g per
ex p en d itu re
A ll
fam i­ u n it per year
lies
$400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
an d
to
der to and
$600 over
$400 $600 over

E co n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilies sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re
u n it Der vear
U n­
der
$400

U sed at H o m e an d P u rch a sed
C o n s u m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

— C o n tin u ed
F a ts, to ta l___________________________
B u tte r _____________________________
C rea m _____________________________
O ther ta b le fats___________________
L a rd _______________________________
V eg eta b le sh o rten in g ____________
T a b le or cook in g o ils_____________
M a y o n n a ise an d other salad
d ressin g_________________________
B a co n , sm o k e d ___________________
S a lt sid e of p o rk __________________
M e a t, p o u ltry , fish an d other sea
food, to ta l______________________
B eef:
F resh : S tea k , p o rterh o u se, sir­
lo in ___________
to p r o u n d _______
o th e r ____________
B o a st, r ib ____________
c h u c k ____________
oth er____________
B o ilin g, c h u c k _________
p la te __________
o th er__________
C a n n e d _________________________
C o rn ed _________________________
D r ie d ___________________________
O th er______________________
V eal: F resh , steak , c h o p s ... ___
r o a s t.______________
stew _ __ ..,__________
L a m b : F resh , c h o p s .___________
ro a st______________
s t e w ______________
P ork : F resh , c h o p s______________
lo in roa st__________
oth er______________
S m o k ed h a m , slic e s______
h a lf or w h.
p ic n ic _____
P ork sa u sag e_____________
O ther p o rk _______________
M isc e lla n e o u s m eats, to ta l________
O ther fresh m e a t_________________
B ologn a, fra n k fu rters___________
C ooked : H a m ___________________
T o n g u e _________________
L iv e r _____________________________
O ther m ea t p ro d u cts____________
P o u ltry : C h ick en , b roilin g_______
ro a st__________
ste w ___________
T u r k e y __________________
O th er____________________
F ish an d other sea food, t o ta l____
F ish : F resh ______________________
C a n n ed ____________________
C u red _____________________
O y sters___________________________
O ther sea food ___________________
W eek

N o .

N o.

N o.

325 92
84 12
3 2
215 74
58 14
12 2
91 18
145 41
3 1

149
66
61
71
46
6
49
2
15
1
9
8
0
85
38
32
22
15
10
154
74
64
61
15
6
71
9
6
260
66
11
71
11
27
16
21
0
2
!
80
59
12:
0
23

28
17
26
18
15
2
20
2
6
0
4
3
0
24
8
16
1
3
5
32
20
23
15
5
1
17

2

0
76
18
6
21

3

7
3
8
0
1
29
9
2
0
7

N o.

L b.

L b.

L b.

L b.

.203
.096
.088
. 175
.096
.008
.076
0
.009
0
.008
.003
0
.088
. 158
.052
.032
.034
.009
. 190
.203
. 149
.075
. 108
.018
.078
.014
. 393
0
. 286
.044
.003
.049
.011
. 100
.074
.069
0
0
.218
. 109
.075
.020
0
.014

.428 5 .7
. n o 2 .2
.056 1.6
.267 4 .0
. 148 2 .2
.2
.018
.064 1.4
0
.1
.038
.4
.008 (3)
.031
.4
.001
.1
0
0
. 165 2. 5
.096 2 .7
.042 1.0
.043
.6
.042
.7
.022
.3
5.1
.333
.285 5.3
.087 2 .6
. 100 2.2
.050 2.5
.044
.5
.097 1.8
.4
.036
. 502 10.7
0
0
.346 7.0
.062 1.9
.004
.2
.084 1. 4
.2
.006
. 120 2.6
.074 1.6
.061 1.8
0
0
.012
.2
.283 4.4
. 134 2.5
.069
.9
.4
.029
0
0
.051
.6

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

1.091 0. 878 1.136 1.417 29. 6 22. 4 31.4 39.3
. 549 .450 .597 . 644 18.1 14.5 19.9 21.5
.069 .019 .065 . 172 1.9
.6 1.9 4.1
.003 .006 0
.008
.1 .1 0
.1 .231 .233 .229 .234 3 .4 3 .2 3 .4 3 .5
.055 .035 .068 .068 1.0
.6 1.3 1.4
.028 .020 .028 . 042
.6
,3 .6 1.2
.059 .033 .054 .119 1.4 .6 1.3 2 .9
.095 .080 .094 . 128 3.1 2.5 3.0 4 .5
.002 .002 .001 .002 (3) (3) (3)
.1
2. 762 2. 223 2. 824 3. 663 67.8 50.8 69.2 97 .4

139
35
0
87
29
6
40
61
1

94
37
1
54
15
4
33
43
1

60
30
27
31
16
2
19
0
3
0
4
4
0
30
22
11
12
7
2
67
32
28
25
7
3
32
5
0
113
30
3
24
6
12
8
9
0
0
30
32
5
0
6

61 .203 .087
19 .087 .065
8 .082 .091
22 . 180 . 138
15 . 100 .080
2 .013 .017
10 .082 .095
0 .004 .009
6 .021 .026
1 .002 0
1 .017 .018
1 .002 .002
0 0
0
31 . 103 .085
8 . 121 .095
5 .059 .075
9 .023 .004
5 .030 .019
3
.018 .025
55 . 187 . 108
22 .213 . 186
13 . 123 . 114
21 .061 .027
3 .089 .089
2 .021 .012
22 .070 . 046
2 .015 .00 5
. 390 . 327
6 0
0
71 .283 . 246
18 .042 .029
2 .005 .007
26 .053 .041
2 .007 .004
8 .062 .070
5 .059 .035
4 .070 .075
0 0
0
1 .006I .010
.219 . 188
21 . 124 . 135
18 .053 .021
5 .018 .011
0 0
0
10 .024 . 021

2 .3
1.5
1.7
3.0
1.6
.3
1.5
.1
.5
0
.4
.1
0
2.1
1.8
1.3
.1
.4
.4
2.9
4 .6
2.3
1.0
2.6
.2
1.1
.1
8. 7
0
6.0
1.4

5.5
2 .5
1.7
4 .0
2.1
.1
1.5
0
.1
0
.2
.1
0
2.0
3.6
.9
.8
.8
.2
5.3
5.0
3.1
2 .6
2 .9
.4
2 .0
.4
10.4
0
6.9
2.0
.2 . 1
1.0 1.4
. 1 .3
1.9 2.7
.8 2.1
2.0 1.7
0
0
.3 0
3 .2 4. 5
2.1 2.6
.3 1.3
.2 .3
0
0
.6
.3

12.7
3 .1
1.0
6 .2
3 .4
.4
1.2
0
.5
.2
.8
.1
0
4 .5
2 .5
.9
1.4
1 .2
.5
9 .1
7.1
2 .0
3 .9
1.4
1.1
2 .6
1.1
14.4
0
8 .9
2.7
.1
2 .5
.2
3 .5
2.1
1.7
0
.2
6.8
3 .4
1.2
1.2
0
1.0

i
The number of equivalent full-time persons per family in 1 week is computed on the basis of the num­
ber of persons eating meals at home during the week to which the data apply. If a person ate 21 meals
during the week, he was counted as a full-time person for that week. If he ate less than 21 meals, he wa§
counted as the appropriate decimal equivalent full-time person.
3 Less than 0.05 cent.
Notes on this table are in appendix A , p. 380.




226

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T a b l e 7 . — F o o d u s e d at h o m e a n d p u r c h a s e d f o r c o n s u m p t i o n at h o m e d u r in g 1
w e e k i n s p r in g q u a rter , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

M I L W A U K E E , W IS .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
qu
u
N u m b e r of fam ilies A verage per a n tity 1pin r­
ch ased
person
1
u sin g in 1 w eek
w eek
E c o n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
E co n o m ic le v e l—
lies sp en d in g
F a m ilies sp en d in g
A ll per ex p en d i­ A ll
per exp en d itu re
fam i­ tu re u n it per fam i­ u n it p er yea r
year
lies
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
an d
der to an d
der
to
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over

Item

Food
fo r

A verage exp en d itu re
per p erson 4 in 1 w e ek
E c o n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilie s
sp en d in g per
A ll
exp en d itu re
fam i­ u n it per year
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
der to an d
$400 $600 ov er

U sed at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

— C o n tin u ed
V e g e ta b le and fru its, to ta l 4_ ___
P o ta to e s---------------------------------------S w eetp o ta to es, y a m s ------------------D r ied leg u m es an d n u ts, to ta l
D r ied corn ------------------------------B ean s: D r y ---------------------------C an n ed , d ried -------- _.
B a k ed , n o t c a n n ed ____
P eas: B la ck -e y e d ---------------------O th er_____
--------N u ts: S h e lle d ------------------------In s h e ll- -. -----P ea n u t b u t te r .__ ____________
O ther d ried leg u m es an d n u ts .
T o m atoes: F r e sh ------ --- -----------C a n n e d ____ _ _ __
J u ice_______
Sauce, p a ste ___
G reen an d leafy vegs. to ta l
B ru ssels s p r o u ts ._ ---------------C ab b age - .
_ -----------S a u erk rau t— .
-----------C ollards -------------------------K a le
_ ------ --------- -L e ttu c e _______________________
S p in ach : F r e sh . ------- --- _.
C a n n e d ._______ _ _
O ther le a fy v e g eta b le s--------- --A sparagus: F r e s h .__
C a n n e d _______ __ _
L im a beans: F re sh ________ _.
C a n n e d _______ __
B ea n s, sn a p (strin g): F r e s h .__
C anned.
B r o c c o li------ -------------------------P eas: F r e sh ._ __________ _____
C a n n e d ... _ _ _ _ _
P e p p e r s ------------------- -----------O k r a ___________ __ . . . . . . .
Y e llo w veg eta b les, total
C arrots_________________________
W in ter sq u a sh an d p u m p k in _
O ther v eg eta b les, t o t a l4 _
B eets: F re sh ---------- _ _ _ _ _ _
C a n n e d ______ . . . . __
C a u liflow er________________ . . .
C elery ____________ ____________
C orn: O n ear___________________
C a n n e d .. ____________
C u c u m b er _____________________
E g g p la n t. . . ___________________
O nions: M a tu r e _____ . . . _____
S p rin g _______________
P a r sn ip s.. __ __ __ _ ________
S u m m er sq u a sh _____ ________
W h ite tu rn ip s. _ . ._ _______
Y e llo w tu rn ip s, ru ta b a g a . _ __
O ther v e g e ta b le s.________ _____
P ick le s an d o liv e s______________
C itru s fruits, to ta l___________ __
L e m o n s ... _ __ . . . ______
O ra n ges____________ _______
G rapefruit: F resh __________
C an n ed ____________
W eek

1 See footn ote 1, p. 227.
8 L ess th a n 0.0005 p o u n d .




N o.

N o.

N o.

N o .

L b .

L b .

L b.

L b .

C t.

C t.

C t.

C t.

8. 225 10. 783 12. 746 55.7 40 .4 60.8 78.6
3. 344 3.826 4. 392 8 .4 6 .9 8 .8 10.5
. 1 .1
.012 .014 .028
.1
.1
. 129 . 123 . 133 1.4 1.2 1.3 2 .1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.060 .052 .040
.3
.3
.3
.3
.2
.005 .024 .024
.1
.2
.2
.005 0
0
0
0
(3) (3)
.1
.2 (3)
.023 .002 .012
.1
.004 .002 .008 (3) (3) (3)
.1
.2
.1
.3
.003 .009 .011
.5
.2
.003 .004 .009
.1
.1
.4
.4
.4
.026 .030 .029
.4
.5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
61 10 25
.029 .064 . 157 1.0 .4
.9 2 .4
119 37 52
.137 .204 .233 1.5 1.1 1.6 1.8
17 2 12
.2
.015 .054 .022
. 1 .4
.2
7 3 2
. 1 . 1 (3)
.004 .001 .006
.1
1. o n 1. 366 1. 700 10.4 7. 9 10. 9 14. 9
1 0 0
.002 (3)
0
0
0
.1
0
162 40 77
. 262 .422 .448 1.4 1.0 1.7 1.6
67 24 28
. 107 .086 .078
.6
.6
.6
.6
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1 0 0
.012 (3)
0
0
0
0
.1
. 192 .263 .376 2.5 1.8 2.6 3 .7
241 70 100
62 20 24
.087 . 127 . 128
.6
.6
.6
.7
20 8 7
.022 .020 .016
.2
.3
.2
.1
5 4 1
.010 .002 0
. 1 (3)
0
(3)
68 14 24
.038 .066 . 129 1.0 .5 1.0 2.1
24 3 11
.006 .026 .038
.5
.4
.1
.7
4 2 1
.008 0
.006 (3)
.1 0
.1
8 3 2
.010 .008 .014
. 1 .1
.1
.1
38 7 18
.014 .048 .062
.5
.2
.6
.8
68 20 32
. 077 .090 .092
.8
.8
.7
.9
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
38 14 12
.036 .055 .075
.5
.3
.5
.7
128 38 52
. 128 . 148 . 219 1.6 1.2 1.6 2.4
23 9 9
.014 .005 .005
.2
.1
.3
.2
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
. 246 . 424 . 397 1. 7 1.1 2.1 2.0
226 60 108
.246 .424 .397 1.7 1.1 2.1 2 .0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
. 655 . 952 1. 219 7. 2 5. 2 7. 9 10. 7
18 4 7
.019 .038 .052
.2
.1
.2
.3
37 10 12
.023 .036 .063
.3
.2
.3
.6
48 15 18
.036 .044 .060
.7
.6
.7 1.0
172 45 80
. 148 .237 .264 1.6 1.1 1.8 2 .3
(3)
0 0 0
.006 0
0
.1 (3)
0
105 34 42
. 105 . 128 .175 1.3 1.0 1.3 1.8
74 16 33
.045 .085 .111
.9
.5 1.0 1.6
2 1 0
.006 0
.006 (3) (3)
0
(3)
167 54 67
.218 .290 .334 1.1
.9 1.2 1.3
45 10 17
.021 .045 .06 4
.3
.2
.3
.5
(3)
1 0 1
0
.006 0
0
.1 0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
16 2 8
.008 .023 .038
. 1 (3)
. 1 .2
28 9 10
.020 .020 .052
.2
.2
.2
.3
.5 .3 .7 .8
1. 343 .819 1. 470 2. 098 9. 5 5. 9 10. 4 15! 1
107 33 45 29 .093 .068 . 110 .109 1.1
.8 1.3 l! 3
263 68 112 83 .962 .670 1. 040 1.369 7 .0 4 .7 7 .5 10.5
78 12 32 34 .284 .081 .317 .608 1.4 .4 1.6 3.1
4 0 1
3 .004 0
.003 .01 2 (3)
0
.2
(3)
3 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
4 D o e s n o t in c lu d e picl^leg an d oliv es.
N o te s on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380, ' " *
294
6

80 128
2 3
0 0 0
34 13 13
14 3 8
1 1 0
10 7 1
6 2 2
19 2 9
6 2 2
31 12 12

10.170
86 3.753
1 .016
. 127
0 0
8 .053
3 .016
0 .002
2 .012
2 .004
8 .007
2 .005
7 .028
0
26 .069
30 .184
3 .032
2 .003
1. 294
1 (5)
45 .364
15 .093
0 0
1 .002
71 .258
18 . 112
5 .020
0 .005
30 .068
10 .020
1 .004
3 .010
13 .038
16 .085
0
12 .052
38 . 154
5 .009
0 0
. 349
58 .349
0 0
.876
7 .033
15 .036
15 .036
47 .203
0 .00 2
29 . 128
25 .074
1 .004
46 .271
18 .040
0 .002
0 0
0 0
6 .020
9 .027

227

TABULAR SUMMARY

T a b l e 7 . — F o o d u s e d at h o m e a n d p u r c h a s e d f o r c o n s u m p t i o n at h o m e d u r in g 1
w ee k i n s p r i n g q u a r te r , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

M I L W A U K E E , W IS .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
N u m b e r of fam ilies
u sin g in 1 w eek

E co n o m ic
le v e l— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g
per ex p en d i­
A ll tu re u n it per A ll
fam i­
fam i­
year
lies
lies
U n ­ $400 $600
der to and
$400 $600 over

Ite m

Food
fo r

A verage q u a n tity p u r­ A verage e x p en d itu re
ch ased p er p e r so n 1 in 1 per p e r s o n 1 in 1 w eek
w eek
E c o n o m ic
le v e l— F a m ilie s
sp e n d in g p er
ex p en d itu re
A ll
fam i­ u n it per yea r
lies
$400 $600
U n ­ $400 $600
to
an d
der to an d
$600 over
$400 $600 ov er

E co n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re
u n it per year
U n­
der
$400

U se d at H o m e a n d P u rch a sed
C o n su m p tio n

at

H om e

in

1

C o n tin u ed
L b.
L b.
N o.
N o. N o.
N o.
L b.
L b.
C t.
C t.
C t.
a .
O ther fru its, to ta l. __ _ __ ___
2.124 1.824 2. 285 2. 361 14.2 10. 4 16. 4 18.7
A p p les: F r e s h ._ __ . . . -----------231 66 108 57 .951 .925 1. 007 .888 4 .7 4.1 5.2 5 .0
C a n n e d __________________
7 3 2
2 .006 .011 .004 .001
.1
.2
.1 (3)
A pricots: F re sh ____________ _____
3 0 1
2 .003 0
.001 .012 (3)
0
.2
(3)
C a n n e d ________________
6 2 1
3 .009 .010 .002 .021
.1
.1 (3)
.3
B a n a n a s___________ ____________
213 59 93 61 .696 .597 .708 .860 3 .5 2 .7 3 .8 4 .6
Berries: F re sh ----------------------- __
98 16 44 38 .130 .058 .141 .248 2.1
.8 2 .2 4 .4
C a n n e d _________________
8 2 5
1 .004 0
.009 0
.1 0
.1 0
C herries: F re sh ______ *_______ __ _
4 .006 0
7 0 3
.005 .018
.1
.3
.1 0
C a n n e d . __ _________
13 1 10
2 .010 .005 .014 .014
.2
.1 (3)
.2
G rapes: F re sh ---------------------------3 0 3
0 .002 0
.005 0
0
.1 0
(3)
C a n n e d ________ ______
0 0
1 0 1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
P each es: F re sh ___________________
5 1 3
1 .004 0
.008 .003
.1 0
.1
.1
C a n n e d . _ ________
56 13 30 13 .060 .038 .086 .054
.4 1 .0 .7
.7
Pears: F resh ______ _ _________
9 2 3
4 .015 .017 .015 .012
.1
.1
.2
.4
C a n n e d ___ . . . . __ _ .
17 2 10
5 .019 .010 .027 .018
.2
.3
.3
.1
P in ea p p le: F re sh __ __ __________
20 4 7
9 .048 .028 .053 .077
.2
.5
.6
.6
C an n ed _. _________
46 10 26 10 .047 .029 .055 .064
.8
.8
.6
.3
2 0 1
1 .016 0
M e lo n s .. ___________ . . . . . .
.036 .008 (3)
0
.1 (3)
0 0 0
P lu m s: F resh ______ ______________
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
C a n n e d .________ __ _ _
4 0 2
2 .002 0
0
.009 (3)
0
0
.1
O ther fru it____________ _________ _
8 2 4
2 .007 .004 .008 .012
.1
.1
.1
.2
C id er____. . . ._ . _______________
0 0 0
0 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G rape ju ice _______________________
2 1 0
.002 (3)
0
0
1 (5) 0
.1
O ther fru it ju ices________ . . . .
4 2 0
2 .004 .007 0
.008 (3) (3)
0
.1
4 1 3
0 .002 .002 .003 0
D ried : A p r ic o t s ______ ________ __
.1 (3)
.1 0
P e a c h e s.. ______ __ __ . . .
4 2 2
0 .002 .004 0
0
.1 0
0
(3)
P r u n e s ._______
__
6 .048 .040 .070 .00 2
47 13 28
.4
.2
.5
.8
R a isin s___ _
_______
34 15 14
5 .028 .033 .027 .020
.2
.3
.3
.3
.1
D a te s ______________________
5 0 2
3 .002 .002 .001 .006
.1
.1
.3
F ig s-----------------------------------1 1 0
0 .001 .002 0
0
0
.1 0
(3)
2 1 0
O th er.
________ __ .
1 .002 .0 0 2 0
.004 (3) (3)
0
.1
Sugars an d sw eets, to ta l_____ . . .
1. 338 1.140 1.400 1. 594 9 .4 7.9 9 .4 12.1
275 81 119 75 1.141 .926 1.238 1. 363 6.3 5.0 6 .8 7 .7
Sugars: W h ite ___________ ______
B ro w n . . .
_______
34 5 20
.1
.4
.4
9 .035 .021 .046 .042
.3
O ther sw eets: C a n d y . . . . __ ._
75 29 25 21 .095 .102 .063 .145 2 .0 1.8 1 .4 3.4
41 19 12 10 .024 .025 .025 .016
Jellies ________ __
.4
.5
.4
.4
32 16 11
5 .043 .066 .028 .028
.2
M o la sses, siru p s __
.4
.5
.4
0
0
O ther s w e e t s ____
0
0
0
0
0
0
M iscella n eo u s, to ta l_____ __ . . .
18.9 13.7 17.9 30.5
G e la tin e .
______ _______ __ _
12 3 5
4 .006 .003 .007 .007
.2 .2
.1
.1
P a ck ag ed dessert m ix tu r es______ 104 34 46 24 .042 .037 .044 .046 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.3
T e a __________________________
.
.4
.5
53 16 27 10 .012 .008 .017 .010
.5
.7
C offee . . . . _____ ____ ._ _ 297 83 127 87 .342 .263 .372 .434 7.6 5.6 8 .0 10.4
C o c o a ____ _________ _____ . . _
.2 .2 .1 . 1
23 9 11
3 .010 .015 .007 .005
C h o co la te__________ _____ _________
10 0 7
.2 .1
3 .005 .002 .008 .004
.1 (3)
V in egar________ __ _ _ ______
.3
.2 .2 .7
S a lt________________________________
.4
.4
.7
.3
B a k in g p o w d er, y ea st, soda ._ _
.3
.2
.3
.5
S p ices an d ex tra cts____ _ _ _
.2 .1 .2 .2
C a tsu p s, sa u ces__________ ______
.9
.8
.7
.8
T o m a to so u p ________________ . . .
46 17 17 12 .055 .059 .045 .064
.7
.5 .8
.7
19 3 12
4 .027 .006 .041 .038
O ther s o u p s ________ ___________
.3
.1
.5 .5
12 4 7
1 .008 .006 .012 .002
.5
C o d -liver o il______________________
.2 1 .0 .2
P ro p rietary fo o d s_______ _________
15 5 6
4 .011 .014 .010 .009
.4
.5 .6
.3
.2
3 0 1
2 .003 0
.003 .012
.1 0 00
O ther fo o d s. _ ____________________
Soft d rin k s con su m ed a t h o m e .—
51 11 20 20 .210' .083 .196 .480 1.4 .6 1.2 3.3
.0
O ther d rin k s con su m ed a t h o m e .
68 17 22 29 .400' .339 . 174 .962 3.9 3. C 2 9.3
1
Sales tax on food ____________________
1 T h e n u m b er of e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e persons per fa m ily in 1 w eek is c o m p u ted on th e b a sis o f th e n u m b er
of persons e a tin g m eals a t h o m e d u rin g th e w eek to w h ich th e d a ta a p p ly . If a person ate 21 m eals d u rin g th e
w eek , h e w as cou n ted as a fu ll-tim e person for th a t w eek . If h e ate less th a n 21 m e a ls,h e w as c o u n ted as th e
ap p rop riate d ecim al e q u iv a len t fu ll-tim e person.
5 L ess th a n 0.0005 p o u n d .
3 L ess th an 0.05 cen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 380.
W eek —




228

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

8 .—

A n n u a l f o o d e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S
E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g per exp en d itu re u n it
per yea r
ite m

lies

U n d er
$300

$300 to
$400

$400 to
$500

$500 to
$600

$600 to
$700

$700 an d
over

A n n u a l F o o d E x p e n d itu r e s

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ___ _____ -_A verage n u m b er of food ex­
p en d itu re u n its in 1 year_ _ _
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g
for—
M e a ls a w a y from h o m e—
A t w ork
- ________ __
A t sch oo l_________ _____
O n v a c a t io n ------- -------------B o ard at sch o o l_______________
C a n d y , ice cream , d rin k s,
e tc -------------------------------------N u m b er of fam ilies rep ortin g
food receiv ed as gifts, or pro­
d u ced a t h o m e, or m eals re­
ceiv e d as p a y -------------------------A verage a n n u a l ex p en d itu re
per fa m ily for all food _____
F o o d p repared at h om eF o o d b o u g h t an d ea ten a w a y
from h o m e, to ta l____ - M ea ls a t w ork
M ea ls a t sch ool _ - - - - O ther m ea ls, n o t v a c a tio n —
M e a ls on v a ca tio n _ - - _ B o ard at sch ool- - —
C a n d y , ice cream , d rin k s,
e tc - ------------------------------ A verage e stim a te d v a lu e per
fa m ily of gifts of food an d
h o m e-p rod u ced food an d
m eals r eceived as p a y 1___- - -

352
2.89

31
4.4 6

72
3. 34

88
2.83

55
2.58

42
2.42

64
2.2 6

181
57
17
1
141

10
7
0
0
11

33
12
1
0
27

44
14
3
0
30

29
16
3
0
22

23
4
3
0
16

42
4
7
1
35

93

9

20

18

16

12

18

$543. 61
474. 65
68.96
45. 38
6.03
1.46
1.10
.93
14.06

$503. 74
469. 42
34.32
19.78
8.1 7
0
0
0
6.37

$521.05
465.89
55.16
38.57
5.39
.0 2
.3 6
0
10.82

$507.72
457.47
50.25
38.97
5.66
.2 7
.16
0
5.19

$529.72
461.45
68.27
41.59
10.17
.9 2
.9 6
0
14.63

$551.84
485.07
66.77
44.74
4.4 4
.5 6
.4 2
0
16. 61

$644.07
515.12
128.95
77.91
3.7 2
6.49
4.3 6
5.07
31.40

.09

.0 9

. 12

.03

.1 2

.15

.09

1 T h e aggregates on w h ic h th ese averages are b a sed do n o t in clu d e gifts of food received , food p rod u ced at
h om e, an d m eals receiv ed as p a y , rep orted b y 2 fa m ilies b u t for w h ic h th e y cou ld n o t e stim a te th e v a lu e.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 381.




229

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

8 .—

A n n u a l f o o d e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S
E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re u n it per year
Ite m

A ll fam ilies
U n d er $300 $300 to $400

$400 an d
over

A n n u a l F o o d E x p e n d itu r e s

F a m ilie s in su r v e y _________________________________________
A verage nu m b er of food exp en d itu re u n its in 1 y e a r _____
N u m b e r of fa m ilies sp e n d in g for—
M e a ls a w a y from h o m e—
A t w ork _---------------------------------------------------------------------A t sch oo l_______________________________________________
O n v a c a tio n ____________________________________________
B oard at sch oo l__________________________________________
C a n d y , ice cream , d rin k s, e tc _ .________________________
N u m b e r of fa m ilies rep ortin g food received as gifts, or
p rod u ced at h o m e, or m eals receiv ed as p a y __________
A verage a n n u al exp en d itu re per fa m ily for all fo o d ______
F o o d prepared at h o m e_________________________________
F ood b o u gh t an d e a ten a w a y from h om e, to ta l________
M ea ls at w o rk _________________________________________
M eals at sch oo l________________________________________
O ther m eals, no t v a c a tio n l___________________________
M ea ls on v a c a tio n ____________________________________
B oard at sch oo l________________________________________
C a n d y , ice cream , d rin k s, e tc ., to ta l________________
A verage estim a ted v a lu e per fa m ily of gifts of food and
h o m e-p rod u ced food an d m ea ls received as p a y 2_____

2.85

100

36
3.86

26
2. 67

19
14
1
1
26

5
10
0
0
9

6

8

0
0

1
1

20

6

$376.03
352. 42
23. 61
13.53
3. 51
0
.05
1.80
4. 72
.08

$370.64
354. 35
16.29
5.40
7. 38
0
0
0
3. 51

3

5
5
$376.07
351.08
24.99
18.06
2.10
0

0

0

4.83

1

12
9
$381.
351.
29.
18.11
.78
0
.14
4.7 4
5.77
.0 4

2 T h e aggregates on w h ic h th ese averages are b ased do n o t in clu d e gifts of food received , food p rod u ced at
h o m e, an d m eals received as p a y , rep orted b y 1 fa m ily b u t for w h ich th e y cou ld n o t e stim a te th e v a lu e.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 381.




230

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

8 .—

A n n u a l fo o d ex p en d itu r es

, by

e c o n o m i c level —

Continued

C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S

Ite m

A ll
fa m i­
lies

E c o n o m ic le v e l — F a m ilie s sp en d in g per ex p en d itu re u n it
per year
U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700 to
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700
$800

$800 an d
over

F a m ilie s in su r v e y __________________
490
82
83
35
106
66
44
A verage n u m b er of food exp en d itu re u n its in 1 y e a r .. . . . . . . .
2.94
4.65
3.7 2
3.15
2.71
2. 36
2. 37
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
M e a ls a w a y from h o m e—
154
22
A t w o r k ___________________________
23
7
28
25
19
38
5
9
10
6
A t sc h o o l_________________________
3
4
32
O n v a c a tio n __________ . __ ._ .
0
0
3
5
6
3
0
B o ard at sch oo l . . . . _ ___
0
0
0
0
0
0
211
C a n d y , ic e cream , d rin k s, e tc _____
40
33
32
7
46
20
N u m b e r of fam ilies rep ortin g food
r ec e iv e d as gifts, or p rod u ced at
130
10
29
24
16
h o m e, or m eals receiv ed as p a y ..
18
15
A v era g e a n n u a l exp en d itu re per
fa m ily for all fo o d .. ______ _ $530. 90 $497. 95 $532. 65 $545. 09 $512.07 $493. 80 $557. 51
F o o d prep ared at h o m e ______ . . 488. 84 475. 52 503. 57 513.96 474. 90 443. 76 498. 63
F o o d b o u g h t an d e a ten a w a y from
h o m e, t o t a l . . _ . . . _____. . .
42.06
22. 43 29.08 31.13 37.17 50.04 58.88
M ea ls at w o r k .._ _________ ._ . 21. 83
10.16 14. 94 16. 50 18. 32 24.49 34. 60
M e a ls at s c h o o l . ____. . . ______
2. 64
3.10
1.95
2.19
7. 51
3. 55
1.79
4. 32
.2 2
O ther m eals, n o t v a c a tio n ____ .
3.85
4.69
5.45
. 11
1.07
.24
.74
M ea ls on v a c a tio n _______ _______
.89
0
0
.95
.5 8
0
0
0
0
B o ard at sc h o o l.__ ______ __ _ 0
0
0
C a n d y , ice cream , d rin k s, e t c ... 12. 38
4. 65 10. 37 10. 22 12.47 18. 33 15.69
A verage e stim a te d v a lu e per fam ily
of g ifts o f food an d h o m e-p rod u ced
.1 4
food an d m ea ls receiv ed as p a y 3___
.1 0
.11
.0 9
.0 6
.1 0
.1 0

74
2.03

A n n u a l Food

E x p e n d itu r e s

30
1
15
0
33
18
$562. 49
492. 80
69. 69
36.61
.39
14. 96
3. 70
0
14.03
.11

3
T h e aggregates on w h ic h th ese averages are b ased do n o t in c lu d e gifts of food receiv ed , food p rod u ced at
h om e, an d m ea ls receiv ed as p a y , rep orted b y 15 fam ilies b u t for w h ic h th e y co u ld n o t e stim a te th e v a lu e.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 381.




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

8 .—

231

A n n u a l f o o d e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level

—Continued

C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L IE S

Item

A ll fam ilies

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp e n d in g per e x p e n d i­
tu re u n it per year
U n d er $300 $300 to $400 $400 to $600

A n n u a l Food

$600 an d
over

E x p e n d itu r es

F a m ilie s in s u r v e y ______ __
________ ___
A verage n u m b er of food exp en d itu re
u n its in 1 y e a r _____________ ________ _____
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
M e a ls a w a y from h o m e—
A t w o rk ________ __ ___
_______ __
A t s c h o o l-.
__
_
__ -O n v a c a tio n . __ ________________________
B o ard at sc h o o l_______________________ __
C a n d y , ice cream , d rin k s, etc __________
N u m b e r of fam ilies rep ortin g food received
as gifts, or p rod u ced at h o m e, or m eals
receiv ed as p a y ___________ __ --------- .
A verage an n u al ex p en d itu re per fam ily
for all food ____ .
_
F o o d prepared a t h o m e ..
.. .
F o o d b o u g h t an d e a ten a w a y from h o m e,
t o t a l ____________ ____ . . .
...
M ea ls at w o r k .._ _ _
M e a ls at sc h o o l. _ _
- __________ O ther m eals, n o t v a c a tio n ___ __ __ _
M ea ls on v a c a tio n . _______ _________
B oard at s c h o o l.. _ _______________ .
C a n d y , ice cream , d rinks, e tc _________
A verage e stim a ted v a lu e per fam ily of
g ifts of food an d h o m e-p rod u ced food
an d m eals receiv ed as p a y 5________ - _

266
2.92

48
4. 22

55
3. 23

95
2.69

68
2.0 7

102
34
16
1
70

10
6
1
1
15

18
13
3
0
14

43
13
4
0
25

31
2
8
0
16

89

20

17

28

24

$422. 87
380.12
42. 75
27. 92
4. 60
3. 76
1.18
(4)
5.29

$424. 08
396. 52
27. 56
13.48
4. 49
5. 27
.04
.0 2
4. 26

$411.17
375.19
35. 98
19.88
7.12
.87
.2 8
0
7. 83

$420. 26
373. 28
46.98
32.81
5.58
3.81
.61
0
4.17

$435.14
382.10
53.04
37. 81
1. 26
4.96
3.51
0
5. 50

7. 27

11.08

8.49

4.79

7. 07

4 L ess th a n 0.05 cen t.
5 T h e aggregates on w h ic h th ese averages are b a sed do n o t in c lu d e gifts of food receiv ed , food p rod u ced at
h o m e, an d m eals receiv ed as p a y , rep orted b y 7 fam ilies b u t for w h ic h th e y co u ld n o t e stim a te th e valu e.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 381.

5 34 8 5 °— 40-




-16

232

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

8 .—

A n n u a l f o o d e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level —

Continued

D E T R O IT , M IC H —W H IT E F A M IL IE S

Item

U n d er
$300

$300 to
$400

$400 to
$500

$500 to
$600

$600 to
$700

$700 an d
ov er

E x p e n d itu r e s

F a m ilies in su r v e y ...........................
A verage n u m b er of food ex­
p en d itu re u n its in 1 y e a r _____
N u m b e r of fa m ilies sp en d in g
for—
M e a ls a w a y from h o m e—
A t w o rk ____________________
A t sc h o o l___________________
On v a c a tio n ________________
B o ard a t sch o o l____________
C a n d y , ice cream , drinks,
e tc ___________________________
N u m b e r of fa m ilies rep ortin g
food receiv ed as gifts, or pro­
d u ced a t h o m e, or m ea ls re­
ceiv e d as p a y ------------------------A verage a n n u a l exp en d itu re
per fa m ily for all food _______
F o o d prepared at h o m e______
F o o d b o u g h t an d ea ten a w a y
from h o m e, to ta l_________
M e a ls at w o rk ______________
M e a ls at sch oo l_____________
O ther m eals, n o t v a c a tio n .
M e a ls on v a c a tio n _________
B o ard at sch o o l------------------C a n d y , ice cream , d rin k s,
e tc _________________________
A verage e stim a te d v a lu e per
fa m ily of g ifts of good an d
h o m e-p rod u ced food an d
m e a lsr e c e iv e d a sp a y 6-----------

598
3.16

101

122

100

3. 97

3.23

2.70

76
2. 54

124
1.82

29

75
4.91

29

26

36

$522.50
482.31

$489. 56
454.00
35.56
21.82
1.13
4.04
1. 78
0
6. 79

$524.06
477.64
46.42
23.84
2.53
4.53
2.22
.1 5
13.15

$493. 41
429.29
64.12
36.
8!

24
9
8
0
26

128
45
59
4
106
177
$513. 73
475. 21
38. 52
21.48
1.82
3. 97
2. 63
.57
8.05

$507.64
496.80
10.84

7.75

.6 0
.0 6
.19

0
2.24

$548. 72
526.20
22.52
12.04
1.84
3.6 5
.79
0
4.20

40.19
20.67
4.25
1.59
2.39

2.20

9.09

6.

8SSSS2

A n n u a l Food

A ll fa m i­
lies

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per exp en d itu re u n it per
year

11.54

3.21

6 T h e aggregates on w h ic h th ese av erages are b a sed do n o t in c lu d e g ifts of food received , food p roduced
at h o m e, an d m ea ls received as p a y rep orted b y 57 fa m ilies b u t for w h ic h th e y co u ld n o t e stim a te th e v a lu e.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 381.




233

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

8 .—

A n n u a l f o o d e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

W H IT E F A M IL IE S
G rand R a p id s, M ic h .

Ite m

A n n u a l Food

A ll
fam ilies

In d ia n a p o lis, In d .

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ­
ilies sp e n d in g per
ex p en d itu re u n it per
year
U n d er $400 to
$400
$600

$600
an d
over

A ll
fam i­
lies

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ­
ilies sp en d in g per
exp en d itu re u n it per
yea r
U n d er $400 to
$600
$400

$600
an d
over

E x p e n d itu r e s

34
86
194
74
203
75
F a m ilie s in s u r v e y ---------------------------70
A verage n u m b er of food ex p en d i­
2. 05
2. 96
2. 63
3.03
3. 76
tu re u n its in 1 y ea r______________
3. 55
2.95
N u m b e r of fa m ilies sp en d in g for—
M e a ls a w a y from h o m e—
45
19
11
102
15
29
33
A t w o rk __________________________
1
5
3
1
12
3
A t sch oo l______________ _ --------7
12
9
9
O n v a c a tio n ______________________
30
1
2
10
1
0
2
0
1
3
0
B o ard at s c h o o l.___________________
41
102
61
20
22
41
18
C a n d y , ic ecrea m , d rin k s, e tc _____
N u m b e r of fam ilies rep ortin g food
receiv ed as gifts, or p rod u ced at
32
12
86
41
13
43
h o m e, or m eals receiv ed as p a y ._ _
20
A verage a n n u a l exp en d itu re per
$400.13 $406. 24 $387.87' $411.40 $457.10 $428. 39 $477.10
fa m ily for all fo o d ___________
F o o d prepared at h o m e__________ 370. 26 387. 52 354.96 359.92 402. 72 398. 28 424.11
F o o d b o u g h t an d e a ten a w a y from
18.72 32.91
51.48 54.38
29.87
30.11 52.99
h o m e, to ta l __________ _ . . .
22. 52 31.89
8. 31 11.00 24.20 36. 56
M ea ls a t w o rk ------------- --- ___ _ 12.12
.54
.48
.63
.2 6
1. 69
1.08
2.86
M e a ls at sc h o o l__________________
1.92
5. 47
1.32
1.53
O th er m eals, n o t v a c a tio n ___
2.07
6. 40 12.08
3. 66
2.13
.11
_ __ 2.05
1. 35
.55
.31
M e a ls on v a c a tio n ___ __
3. 27
6.88
B o ard a t sc h o o l_______ __ __ _
1.28
0
3.36
0
0
5.08
8. 47
6.36
9. 52
C a n d y , ice cream , d rin k s, e tc .
9. 76 11.00 10. 39
A verage estim a te d v a lu e per fa m ily
of gifts of food an d hom e-p rod u ced
7. 73
12.04 16. 39
.09
.08
food an d m eals receiv ed as p a y 7._
8.41
.08

58
2.20
40
2
7
1
21
11
$470.08
382. 65
87. 43
60.34
1.07
3.15
1.38
3.14
18. 35
.0 5

7
T h e aggregates on w h ic h th ese averages are b ased do n o t in clu d e g ifts of food receiv ed , food p rod u ced
a t h o m e, an d m ea ls receiv ed as p a y , rep orted b y 18 fa m ilies b u t for w h ic h th e y co u ld n o t e stim a te th e v a lu e .
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 381.




234

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

8 ,—

A n n u a l f o o d e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

In d ia n a p o lis, In d .— N egro
fam ilies

Ite m

A n n u a l Food

A ll
fam ilies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m i­
lies sp en d in g per ex­
p en d itu re u n it per
year
U n d er $300 to
$300
$400

$400
an d
ov er

L a n sin g , M ic h .--W h ite fam ilies

A ll
fam i­
lies

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m i­
lies sp e n d in g per ex ­
p en d itu re u n it per
yea r
U n d er $400 to
$400
$600

$600
an d
ov er

E x p e n d itu r e s

F a m ilie s in su r v e y ____________ __
45
24
32
39
101
145
48
58
A verage n u m b er of food ex p en d ­
2.13
3.00
2.5 5
2.90
itu re u n its in 1 yea r_________ ______
3.96
2.0 0
3.66
2.59
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
M e a ls a w a y from h o m e —
14
A t w o r k ------- -------------------------5
25
9
4
5
8
8
1
2
3
1
10
A t sch o o l------------------------------------0
9
0
O n v a c a tio n . __ _______________
1
22
9
0
1
6
0
7
1
0
B o ard a t sc h o o l. __ . . . ---------------0
0
0
1
0
0
25
19
C a n d y , ice cream , d rin k s, e tc ____
9
58
7
20
19
9
N u m b e r of fam ilies rep ortin g food
r eceiv ed as gifts, or p rod u ced at
30
16
65
h o m e , or m ea ls receiv ed as pay___
7
17
7
30
18
A vera g e a n n u a l exp en d itu re per
fa m ily for all f o o d . . ______ __ . $341. 79 $348.10 $314.70 $353. 25 $401.66 $392. 64 $394.75 $423. 63
F o o d prepared at h o m e _____ _____ 327. 95 336. 45 301.17 336.08 380.08 381. 40 375. 25 384. 04
F o o d b o u g h t an d ea ten a w a y
from h o m e, to ta l_________ . . .
13.84
11. 65 13.53 17.17 21. 58
39. 59
11. 24 19. 50
M ea ls a t w o r k _____ _____ _______
8.6 6
13.98
7. 21
5.45
8. 60
6. 88
1. 37
7. 79
.0 3
M ea ls a t sc h o o l_____ ___________
1. 26
2.43
.7 5
0
1.10
2. 73
0
O ther m eals, n o t v a c a tio n _____
.76
10.61
1.72
0
0
5. 77
3. 44
4. 64
M e a ls on v a c a t io n ___ . . .
.
3. 65
.0 4
0
.1 7
0
1. 62
.8 6
.9 0
B o ard a t sc h o o l____ ___________
.2 4
0
0
0
0
0
.61
0
11. 32
C a n d y , ice cream , d rin k s, etc__ 4.57
2.0 5
8.5 7
2.23
3.9 5
5. 97
6.1 7
A verage e stim a te d v a lu e per fa m ily
of g ifts o f food a n d h om e-p rod u ced
3. 34
8. 42
18.00 14.09 12.94
5.58
3.9 6
food a n d m ea ls r eceiv ed as p a y 8. . 15.47
8 T h e ag gregates o n w h ic h th ese avera ges are b a sed do n o t in c lu d e g ifts of food received , food p rod u ced
a t h o m e, an d m ea ls receiv ed a s p a y , rep orted b y 27 fam ilies b u t for w h ic h th e y cou ld n o t e stim a te th e v a lu e.
A ll fam ilies rep ortin g gifts of food in th e In d ia n a p o lis N egro sa m p le w ere ab le to e stim a te th eir v a lu e .
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 381.




235

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

8 .—

A n n u a l f o o d e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

M I L W A U K E E , W IS — W H IT E F A M I L I E S

Ite m

A ll fam ilies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp e n d in g per ex p en d itu re u n it
per yea r
$300 to
$400

U n d er
$300

$400 to
$500

$500 to
$600

$600 to
$700

$700 an d
over

A n n u a l F o o d E x p e n d itu r e s

446
F a m ilie s in su r v e y ___ _ _ _ _ _
A verage n u m b er of food ex­
3.01
p en d itu re u n its in 1 y e a r ____
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp e n d in g
for—
M e a ls a w a y from h o m e—
87
A t w o rk _____________________
15
A t sch o o l______________ _____
24
O n v a c a tio n ________________
2
B o a rd a t sch oo l_______________
C a n d y , ice cream , d rin k s,
131
e tc _ _ --------- --------------------------N u m b er of fam ilies rep orting
food received as g ifts, or pro­
d u ced at h o m e, or m eals re­
70
ceiv ed as p a y _________________
A verage a n n u a l exp en d itu re
per fa m ily for all fo o d _____ $510. 44
484. 02
F o o d prepared a t h o m e .
F o o d b o u g h t an d ea ten a w a y
from h o m e, to ta l________
26. 42
M ea ls a t w o r k ______________
12.91
.99
M e a ls a t sch o o l— _______
O ther m eals, n o t v a c a tio n .
3.51
M ea ls o n v a c a tio n .__ __ _
1.24
B o ard a t sch o o l______ ___
.61
C a n d y , ice cream , d rin k s,
9.1 6
e tc _____ __ _______
A verage e stim a te d v a lu e per
fa m ily of g ifts of food an d
h o m e-p rod u ced food an d
.0 8
m eals receiv ed as p a y 9_______

42
4. 72

79
3. 92

116
2. 98

66
2.79

56
2.24

87
2.0 7

2
0
0
0
9

9
4
2
0
28

19
4
4
0
30

15
3
5
1
24

16
1
2
1
13

26
3
11
0
27

11

12

17

9

11

10

$528. 94
521. 32
7. 62
4. 64
0
0
0
0
2.98

$559. 70
542.99
16. 71
5. 57
1.48
.03
.98
0
8. 65

$494. 03
476. 74
17.29
8.78
1.40
.97
.73
0
5.41

$525. 76
494. 01
31.75
16. 00
1.43
.1 2
1.33
1. 35
11.52

$467. 54
428. 05
39. 49
23. 65
.39
3. 61
.89
3. 36
7. 59

$494. 61
450. 48
44.13
19.85
.5 6
4.0 0
2.90
0
16. 82

.20

.06

.04

.08

.0 6

.08 j

9 T h e aggregates o n w h ic h th ese averages are b ased do n o t in c lu d e gifts of food received , food p rod u ced
a t h o m e, an d m ea ls r eceiv ed as p a y , rep orted b y 4 fam ilies b u t for w h ich th e y cou ld n o t e stim a te th e v a lu e .

N otes on this table are in appendix A, p. 381.




236

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

a b l e 9 . — H o u s i n g f a c i l i t i e s , b y e c o n o m i c level

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S
A ll
fa m i­
lies

Item

H o u sin g

F a c ilities
E n d

in

D w e llin g

o f S c h e d u le

O c c u p ie d

U n d er
$300

$300
to
$400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$600
to
$700

$700
and
over

at

Y ear

I. F a m ilie s in su r v e y , w h o ren ted p rin cip al
261
h o m e a t en d of sc h e d u le y e a r_____________
A v . m o. ren ta l rate a t en d of sch ed . y r ____ $19. 90
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in —
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u se ---------------- ------30
1-fam ily sem id eta ch ed or row h o u se--------11
105
2 -fam ily h o u se---------------- -----------------------M u ltip le d w ellin g (3-fam ily or m o r e )-----115
D w e llin g w ith e lev a to r . . . . - ---------------2
22
D w e llin g w ith jan itor se r v ic e . . . . ______
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
B a th ro o m in d w e llin g u n it ------------------178
241
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh ________________________
O u tsid e flu sh ___________________ .
20
O ther ty p e ______________ _______
0
194
S ole u se of to ile t b y h o u se h o ld ------------ .
261
W ater: In sid e d w e llin g . . . ---------------R u n n in g _________________________
259
H o t r u n n in g ___________ __ . . .
180
N o t ru n n in g ___ . . .
_
2
O u tsid e d w e llin g o n ly . _________
0
258
S in k _______________________________ . . . . . .
260
E lectric lig h ts _______ ___________ ______ . .
G as or elec tric ity for c o o k in g -------------------254
R efrigerator: E le c tr ic ............... .. . . . . . .
128
O ther m ech a n ica l___ . . .
4
Ice o n ly ______ . . .
. ...
124
N o n e . ________ ____________
5
H o t air, h o t w a ter, or ste a m h e a t. ------184
T e le p h o n e_____ _________ . . ----------50
G arage------------------------- ---------------------------77
62
G arden sp a ce--------- ------ --------------------P la y sp a ce----- ---------------. . . . . . ----------122
E a ch of th e follow in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, ru n n in g h o t w ater,
electric lig h t, an d gas or e lec tric ity
174
for co o k in g---- ---------------- . . . --------II. F a m ilie s in su rv ey , w h o ow n ed p rin cip al
91
h o m e at en d of sch ed u le year . ----------N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in —
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u se -------------- --- . . . .
75
1-fam ily sem id eta ch ed or row h o u se------3
2-fam ily h o u s e . ________ . . . . . . . .
13
M u ltip le d w ellin g (3-fam ily or m o r e )____
0
0
D w e llin g w ith e le v a to r ______ . . . ------------D w e llin g w ith jan itor ser v ic e _____________
0
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
87
B a th r o o m in d w e llin g u n it . ------- -------T o ilet: In sid e flu sh ----- -----------------------88
O u tsid e flu sh _________________ . .
3
0
O ther t y p e ------ -------------------------S ole u se of to ile t b y h o u seh o ld -------------88
W ater: In sid e d w ellin g ------------------- . .
91
R u n n in g ____________ __ _________
91
H o t ru n n in g ------- -------- . . . _.
81
N o t ru n n in g ______ ____________
0
O u tsid e d w ellin g o n ly .........................
0
S in k _______ ______ __ . . . ----------- __ . . . .
91
E le c tr ic lig h ts-------- ------ ----------------------88
G as or elec tric ity for co o k in g _____________
90
R efrigerator: E le c tr ic------- ------------------ . . .
53
O ther m e c h a n ic a l... ______
0
Ice o n ly ______ _______ __ _
37
1
N o n e . . ___________________
H o t air, h o t w ater, or stea m h e a t______ _
86
49
T e le p h o n e_________________ _____ . . .
48
G arage______________________________________
58
G arden sp a ce . _. ______________________ . .
75
P la y sp a ce__________________________________
E a ch of th e follow in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, ru n n in g h o t w ater,
electric lig h t, an d gas or electricity
77
for co o k in g ________________ ________ .
N o te s on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 382.




E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per ex p en d ­
itu re u n it per year

52
25
$14. 64 $18. 67

66
42
$17. 56 $21. 04

31
$21. 58

45
$25. 46

2
4
8
11
0
0
10
22
3
0
18
25
24
13
1
0
25
25
24
5
0
19
1
11
0
3
5
13

6
2
22
22
0
3
36
46
6
0
44
52
52
35
0
0
52
52
50
20
0
32
0
35
2
10
13
23

9
2
29
26
0
0
39
59
7
0
44
66
66
40
0
0
66
65
64
31
2
31
2
45
7
13
14
28

7
2
14
19
1
4
29
40
2
0
28
42
42
29
0
0
40
42
41
22
0
20
0
34
14
15
12
21

2
0
15
14
0
4
23
30
1
0
25
31
30
24
1
0
31
31
31
21
0
9
1
24
9
14
9
17

4
1
17
23
1
11
41
44
1
0
35
45
45
39
0
0
44
45
44
29
2
13
1
35
18
22
9
20

13
6
4
0
2
0
0
0
5
5
1
0
6
6
6
4
0
0
6
6
6
1
0
5
0
5
2
3
4
6

33
20
17
1
2
0
0
0
18
19
1
0
19
20
20
19
0
0
20
20
20
11
0
9
0
17
10
10
11
18

39
22
18
1
3
0
0
0
21
21
1
0
20
22
22
17
0
0
22
21
22
9
0
12
1
21
10
9
14
18

28
13
11
0
2
0
0
0
13
13
0
0
13
13
13
12
0
0
13
12
13
8
0
5
0
13
7
5
7
8

23
11
7
1
3
0
0
0
11
11
0
0
11
11
11
10
0
0
11
10
11
7
0
4
0
11
5
7
7
8

38
19
18
0
1
0
0
0
19
19
0
0
19
19
19
19
0
0
19
19
18
17
0
2
0
19
15
14
15
17

4

19

16

11

9

18

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

237

a b l e 9 . — H o u s i n g f a c i l i t i e s , b y e c o n o m i c level— Continued

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO —N E G R O F A M I L IE S
E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re u n it per year
Ite m

A ll fam ilies
U n d er $300 $300 to $400

H o u s in g

F a c ilities

in

D w e llin g

S c h e d u le

O c c u p ie d

at

E n d

of

Year

I. F a m ilie s in su rv ey , w h o ren ted p rin cip al h o m e at
en d of sch ed u le yea r____________________ ______ __ _
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l rate a t en d of sch ed u le y e a r ..
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in —
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u se _____ _______ __ ______ _
1-fam ily sem id eta ch ed or row h o u se___ _________ _
2 -fam ilv h o u se . . . ________ .
M u ltip le d w e llin g (3-fam ily or m ore) ________ . . .
D w e llin g w ith e le v a to r .. _ _
. . . ... ... _ _
D w e llin g w ith jan itor se r v ic e . __ ________ ________
N u m b e r of fa m ilies h a v in g —
B a th roo m in d w e llin g u n it ________________________
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh . . . . ._ _. ____________ _ . . .
O u tsid e flu sh ____. . . _____ . . . . . . __ _
O ther t y p e ____ ________________________ . . .
Sole u se of to ile t b y h o u seh o ld . __ _ _ _ __ _
W ater: In sid e d w ellin g __________ . . . . . _ . . .
R u n n in g ______ _ _ _ _
. ..
H o t r u n n in g ._. . . . ____ ____
N o t ru n n in g . . . . . . . . . .
__ _ __
O u tsid e d w e llin g o n ly . . . . . . . _______
S in k _______________ ______ __ ________ _ „ . . .
E lectric lig h ts ____ _________ _________ _____________
G as or e lec tric ity for c o o k in g . _
____ ______
R efrigerator: E le c tr ic ______
...
O ther m e c h a n ic a l..
. . . __ . . .
Ice o n ly _____ __ . . . . . _ __ .
N o n e ... . . . . . . . _______
______
H o t air, h o t w ater, or steam h e a t_______ _______
T e le p h o n e .. _____________________________________
G arage_____ ______ __________ . . . _____ ______ . __
G arden sp a ce _______ __ _ _ ________ . . .
. . . __
P la y sp a ce. _ . . . _ . . . . . . _ _ _ _ _
_ . . . . __ .
E a ch of th e follo w in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, ru n n in g h o t w ater, electric
lig h t, an d gas or e lec tric ity for co o k in g_________
II. F a m ilie s in su r v e y w h o o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e at
en d of sch ed u le y e a r .._ _ ___________. . . _______ __
N u m b e r of fa m ilies liv in g in —
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u se ______________ ___________ __
1-fam ily sem id eta ch ed or row h o u se____ _____ . . . .
2 -fa m ily h o u s e _________________________ __________ __
M u ltip le d w e llin g (3-fam ily or m o r e )______ ______ __
D w e llin g w ith e le v a to r . ______. . . __________ _ .
D w e llin g w ith jan itor service . . . _
______ _ .
N u m b e r of fa m ilies h a v in g —
B a th ro o m in d w e llin g u n it __________ . . _ . . .
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh ... . . . ____ _______ ______ _
O u tsid e flu sh . __ _ _ . . . . __ . . . __ _
O ther t y p e .. _. ___________ . . . _ . . . ------Sole u se of to ile t b y h o u seh o ld . . . _______ __ _ _ . .
W ater: In sid e d w e llin g . __ _________ _______ ________
R u n n in g .. _ _ _____
_ ... .
_.
H o t r u n n in g _______ _ ______________
N o t ru n n in g __________
________
O u tsid e d w e llin g o n ly . . . . _____ ____
S i n k _________ __ . . . _______ _______
E lectric l i g h t s _________________________________________
G as or e lec tric ity for coo k in g ____ . . . ____________
R efrigerator: E le c tr ic _________ __ ____________________
O ther m ech a n ica l _ _ _______________
Ice o n ly ____ __
_ __ . . . _______
N o n e . _________________ . . . _______ .
H o t air, h o t w a ter, or stea m h e a t______ . . . . . . .
T elep h o n e _. _ _ _ _ _ _ . . . _ ________ _________. .
G arage_______ __ . . . __ _ . . . _______ __
G ard en sp a ce_______ _____ ___ _ ___________
_
P la y sp a c e ______________________________________________
E a ch of th e fo llo w in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, ru n n in g h o t w ater, electric
lig h t, an d gas or e lec tric ity for c o o k in g ________
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 382.




$400 and
over

90
$14. 94

33
$13. 65

26
$14. 76

31
$16. 46

6
12
28
44
1
1
43
74
11
5
53
86
84
29
2
4
87
79
63
6
0
83
1
29
10
3
8
32

4
2
6
21
1
1
12
25
4
4
17
30
28
7
2
3
31
26
21
1
0
31
1
8
2
1
3
15

0
4
11
11
0
0
13
23
3
0
17
26
26
6
0
0
26
24
19
1
0
25
0
8
2
0
2
9

2
6
11
12
0
0
18
26
4
1
19
30
30
16
0
1
30
29
23
4
0
27
0
13
6
2
3
8

29
10
6
1
3
0
0
0
6
6
0
4
9
6
6
5
0
4
7
9

6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

16
7
3
1
3
0
0
0
6
6
0
1
6
5
5
5
0
2
6
6

1
0
9
0
5
5
1
6
5

7
3
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
3
1
1
0
0
2
1
3
0
0
0
3
0
0
1
0
3
3

4

0

0 1

5

5

1
0
6
0
5
4
1
3
2
4

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

238
T

9.—

able

H o u s i n g f a c i l i t i e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H IT E F A M I L I E S
A ll
fam i­
lies

Item

H o u sin g

F a c ilitie s in
E n d

D w e llin g

o f S c h e d u le

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g per exp en d itu re
u n it per yea r
Un­
der
$300

$300
to
$400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$600
to
$700

$700
to
$800

$800
an d
over

O c c u p ie d at

Y ear

I. F a m ilie s in su r v e y , w h o ren ted p rin cip al
74
19
55
h o m e a t e n d o f sch ed u le yea r _________
58
49
350
30
65
A v . m o . ren ta l rate a t en d of sch ed . y r____ $22. 98 $18. 84 $21. 24 $20. 69 $22. 47 $24. 52 $25. 78 $26.29
N u m b e r of fa m ilie s liv in g in ­
9
i'fa m ily d e ta c h e d h o u se . ______________
12
11
12
13
13
80
10
1fa m ily se m id e ta ch ed or row h o u se__
2
1
9
0
3
0
1
2
2fa m ily h o u se ____________ _____________ _____________ _____________
7
8
42
27
159
23
23
29
M u ltip le d w e llin g (3-fa m ily or m o r e ) ...
18
21
12
102
3
16
8
24
D w e llin g w ith elev a to r ________________
0
0
0
0
0
o
0
0
D w e llin g w ith jan itor se r v ic e ____________
5
3
3
6
5
0
36
14
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
52
56
332
317
71
46
27
63
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh _ _ _ ________
19
55
74
49
348
57
29
65
O u tsid e flu sh __ _ . . . ________
0
0
0
0
0
o
0
0
1
1
O ther t y p e ... _______________ __
2
0
0
0
0
0
Sole u se o f to ile t b y h o u se h o ld ___________
53
69
329
17
55
46
30
59
W ater: In sid e d w e llin g ________ ______ ___
19
74
55
49
58
350
30
65
R u n n in g ____ __ _______ ______
19
54
74
49
346
56
30
64
H o t r u n n in g _______ __________
19
52
69
332
47
55
27
63
1
N o t r u n n in g ________________ __
4
0
0
0
0
2
1
O u tsid e d w e llin g o n ly _
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
S i n k . _______________ ____________ __ . . .
55
74
19
58
49
349
30
64
E le c tr ic lig h ts . __ _ __ _____________ _.
74
19
55
349
58
49
29
65
G as or e le c tr ic ity for co o k in g _____________ 350
19
55
74
58
49
30
65
1
11
11
7
R efrigerator: E lectric _ _________________
13
95
16
36
4
O ther m e ch a n ic a l______ __
6
0
0
0
0
0
2
Ice o n ly ... _ _ _________
59
241
17
46
46
33
16
24
1
1
1
N o n e ________ ____ __ _ __
8
2
2
0
1
H o t air, h o t w a ter, or ste a m h eat
___ 280
34
53
54
27
10
42
60
T e le p h o n e . ___________ ___________ ______
2
3
9
8
73
13
16
22
G a rage___________________
_____________
6
24
33
28
31
186
19
45
11
G ard en sp a c e ______ _ . . . ___________
32
27
21
14
25
157
27
P la y sp a ce . _______ ________ ____________
39
46
235
16
42
31
20
41
E a ch of th e follo w in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, ru n n in g h ot w ater,
electric lig h t, an d gas or e lec tric ity
for c o o k in g . _ ______ _________________
51
19
69
328
53
47
27
62
I I . F a m ilie s in su r v e y , w h o o w n e d p rin cip al
9
32
h o m e a t en d of sch ed u le y e a r . ________
16
27
25
17
14
140
N u m b e r of fa m ilies liv in g in —
11
5
24
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u se .
_____ _____
18
14
102
20
10
1fa m ily sem id eta ch ed or row h o u se__
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
11
2fa m ily h o u se ________ _____ __
5
3
7
3
3
4
36
M u ltip le d w e llin g (3-fam ily or m o re)___
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
D w e llin g w ith elev a to r _________ __ __
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
D w e llin g w ith jan itor se r v ic e ____________
0
0
0
0
o
0
0
o
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
Bathroom in dwelling u n it.......................... 134
9
13
26
31
24
17
14
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh _________ _____ ____ __
9
138
16
26
32
24
17
14
1
1
0
O u tsid e flu sh __ _______________
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
O th er ty p e _____________________ _
0
0
0
0
0
0
27
Sole u se o f to ile t b y h o u se h o ld ___________
16
24
137
30
17
14
9
W ater: In sid e d w e llin g _______ ________
27
32
9
16
25
14
17
140
R u n n in g ...... ......................................... 140
27
32
25
17
14
9
16
H o t r u n n in g .. . . . ____. . .
27
14
28
14
133
25
17
8
N o t r u n n in g . ______ ____________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O u tsid e d w e llin g o n ly . . .
0
0
0
0
0
0
o
0
S in k _________________________________________ 140
27
32
9
25
14
16
17
27
E le c tr ic lig h ts . _ ___________ _ __ _____
139
25
16
31
17
14
9
G as or e le c tr ic ity for coo k in g
. . .
138
27
24
9
16
17
14
31
5
6
4
9
4
R efrigerator: E le c tr ic ._______ _________
36
0
8
1
1
2
0
0
0
0
o
O ther m e ch a n ic a l. _____
Ice o n ly ._______ __
14
21
98
25
8
5
5
20
1
1
N o n e . __________ _____
4
2
0
0
0
0
H o t air, h ot w ater, or ste a m h e a t ______
14
24
24
132
17
9
30
14
4
T e le p h o n e _________________ __ .
3
7
7
9
5
45
10
G arage. _______ ___________ . . . . ____
9
8
21
24
18
15
108
13
G arden sp a ce
__ ______ __ . . . . . .
12
6
104
22
22
19
14
9
o
P la y sp a ce. _______ _
14
18
111
20
27
15
11
E a ch of th e follow in g item s:
In sid e flush to ile t, ru n n in g h o t w ater,
electric lig h t, an d gas or elec tric ity
for coo k in g__________________ __ __ __ 130
14
26
28
23
17
14
8
N o te s o n th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p, 382.




239

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

a b l e 9 . — H o u s i n g f a c i l i t i e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

C O L U M B U S , O H IO -W H IT E F A M IL IE S
A ll fam i­
lies

Ite m

H o u sin g

F a c ilities in

D w e llin g

S c h ed u le

U n d er
$300

$300 to
$400

$400 to
$600

$600 an d
ov er

O c c u p ie d at E n d o f

Year

I. F a m ilie s in su r v e y , w h o r en ted p rin cip a l h o m e at
en d of sch ed u le y e a r ____________ __ __ __________
A v . m o n th ly ren ta l rate a t en d of sch ed . y e a r ...
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in —
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u se . _ _ ______ _ _
1-fam ily sem id eta ch ed or row h o u se ___________
2-fa m ily h o u se ______ __ _________________
__ _
M u ltip le d w ellin g (3-fam ily or m ore) _ ______
D w e llin g w ith elev a to r _ ________ _____________
D w e llin g w ith jan itor se r v ic e ________ _______ __
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
"Bathroom in d w e llin g unit,
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh _____________ _____ __ ____
O u tsid e flu sh -. ___________ __ ______
O ther ty p e ___ ___________ ________ _ _
Sole u se of to ile t b y h o u se h o ld __ ________________
W ater: In sid e d w e llin g ._ _ _ _______ _________
R u n n in g _ ___________ _ _ _ _
H o t ru n n in g ____ __ _ _
N ot, r u n n in g
__ ____
O u tsid e d w e llin g o n ly ______ _ _
S i n k _________ __ _________ __ _ _ _
E lectric lig h ts. _
_________ __
_____
G as or e lec tric ity for c o o k in g . _
R efrigerator: E lectric ______ ______ __
O ther m e ch a n ic a l_____ ________ _
Ice o n ly . _______ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
N o n e . _ _________ _______ __ __
H o t air, h o t w ater, or ste a m h eat _
T e le p h o n e ._________________ __________ __ __
G a rage. _______________ ____ ____________ __
G ard en sp a ce ____________________ _________________
P la y s p a c e ________ ______________
E a ch of th e follo w in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, ru n n in g h o t w ater, electric
lig h t, an d gas or e lec tric ity for co o k in g _____
II. F a m ilie s in su r v e y , w h o o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e
at en d of sch ed u le y e a r ... _ _________________
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in —
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u se . _ _ ____ __
1-fam ily sem id eta ch ed or row h o u s e . _______ __
2-fam ily h o u se ______ ______ __
_ ___
M u ltip le d w ellin g (3-fam ily or m o re)_____ _
D w e llin g w ith e le v a to r .. _______ __ ____________
D w e llin g w ith ja n itor se r v ic e_____ __
N u m b e r of fa m ilies h a v in g —
B a lb rn om in d w e llin g u n it _ . .
T o ilet: In sid e f l u s h . __ __ _______ __ __ __
O u tsid e flu sh ______________
O ther ty p e ________ _____________ _____
Sole u se of to ile t b y h o u seh o ld __ _ _ _________
W ater: In sid e d w ellin g ______ __ __
R u n n in g ._ ____ _ _
_____
H o t r u n n in g ____________ ___________
N o t r u n n in g ___________ ___________ __
O u tsid e d w e llin g o n ly _______ __ _ _ _
S in k . _ _______ __ __ ___________ __ __ _
E le c tr ic lig h t. __
_______ ______ __ ______ __
G as or e lec tric ity for co o k in g ___ __ _______ __
R efrigerator: E lectric _ __ __ __
O ther m ech a n ica l _ _ _ _ _
Ice o n ly _ ____
_ ______ _
N o n e __________________ ______ __
H o t air, h o t w ater, or stea m h ea t _ _
T e le p h o n e ________ _____________ _ __ _ ______
G a rage. ___ _____ _______________ ______________ _
G a rd en sp a c e ____ ____ ___________ ______ __ _
P la y sp a ce ____ ___________ _____ _________ _ __
E a ch of th e fo llow in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, ru n n in g h o t w ater, electric
lig h t, an d gas or elec tric ity for c o o k in g--------N o te s o n th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 382.




E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g per
e x p en d itu re u n it per year

172

32

36

$20.14

$15. 43

$18. 65

58
$21.42

46
$22. 97

71
47
41
13
0
1

16
7
10
3
0
0
33
34
1
1
34
35
34
33
1
1
36
36
33
2
0
34
0
34
6
20
13
27

29
13
14
2
0
0
56
57
1
0
57
58
58
56
0
0
58
58
58
15
0
41
2
56
14
38
21
40

13
18
9
6
0
1

159
143
4
25
167
169
168
162
1
3
170
170
165
37
2
130
3
164
42
105
70
121

13
9
8
2
0
0
25
25
1
6
30
30
30
27
0
2
30
30
28
2
0
30
0
28
o
14
14
26

45
27
1
18
46
46
46
46
0
0
46
46
46
18
2
25
1
46
22
33
22
28

151
94
83
4
7
0
0
0
86
86
0
8
94
92
91
84
1
2
92
93
91
27
1
63
3
91
38
74
70
74

21
16
16
0
0
0
0
0
12
12
0
4
16
15
14
12
1
1
16
16
14
0
0
16
0
14
2
9
11
11

30
19
16
1
2
0
0
0
19
18
0
1
19
19
19
18
0
0
18
18
18
1
0
16
2
19
7
15
13
16

56
37
31
2
4
0
0
0
33
34
0
3
37
36
36
33
0
1
36
37
37
14
0
22
1
37
16
31
30
33

44
22
20
1
1
0
0
0
22
22
0
0
22
22
22
21
0
0
22
22
22
12
1
9
0
21
13
19
16
14

84

12

18

33

21

240

EAST NORTH CENTRAL, REGION
T

able

9.— H o u sin g fa c ilitie s , b y
A ll
fa m i­
lies

Ite m

H o u sin g

F a c ilities
E n d

econom ic level —

D E T R O I T , M I C H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S

in

D w e llin g

o f S c h ed u le

O c c u p ie d

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g p er ex­
p en d itu re u n it per yea r
U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700

$700
an d
ov er

46
$16.47

66
$18.48

78
$19.64

82
$22. 51

51
$23.59

102
$26. 78

21
1
12
12
0
4
44
44
0
2
44
46
44
38
2
0
46
46
41
4
0
36
6
34
1
20
14
27

32
1
24
9
1
4
66
65
0
1
65
65
65
64
0
1
65
66
64
9
0
53
4
58
4
32
20
44

25
2
34
17
0
7
78
77
0
1
75
78
78
74
0
0
78
76
78
17
1
59
1
66
10
42
28
44

31
2
24
25
7
16
80
82
0
0
81
82
82
79
0
0
82
82
81
32
2
46
2
74
20
52
30
47

20
17
0
14
2
9
50
50
0
1
50
50
50
48
0
1
51
51
51
19
0
32
0
46
17
32
22
28

24
3
40
35
10
31
101
102
0
0
98
101
101
96
0
1
100
102
101
64
0
37
1
100
35
62
30
44

34
29
24
0
5
0
0
0
26
27
0
2
29
29
29
25
0
0
29
29
27
7
0
17
5
22
4
21
22
24

62
35
28
0
7
0
0
0
34
34
0
1
34
35
35
33
0
0
35
35
34
4
0
27
4
31
7
30
20
27

71
44
32
1
11
0
0
0
43
42
0
2
44
44
44
40
0
0
44
44
44
11
0
29
4
41
12
37
29
37

79
18
17
0
1
0
0
0
18
18
0
0
18
18
18
18
0
0
18
18
18
5
0
12
1
14
5
17
15
15

48
25
21
0
4
0
0
0
25
25
0
0
25
25
25
25
0
0
25
25
25
8
0
16
1
24
10
21
19
18

96
22
18
0
4
0
0
0
22
22
0
0
22
22
22
21
0
0
22
22
22
11
1
9
1
21
14
22
14
13

27

33

39

18

25

20

at

Y ear

I . F a m ilie s in su r v e y , w h o ren ted p r in c ip a l
h o m e a t en d o f sch ed u le y e a r . _ -----------425
A v . m o. ren ta l rate at en d of sch ed y r ___ $21. 85
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in —
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u s e -. _
___
153
1-fam ily se m id e ta ch ed or row h o u se_____
26
2-fam ily h o u se___________ ____________ _ _
134
M u ltip le d w e llin g (3-fam ily or m o r e )____
112
D w e llin g w ith e l e v a t o r _ ____________
20
D w e llin g w ith jan itor se r v ic e . ___________
71
N u m b e r of fa m ilies h a v in g —
B a th ro o m in d w e llin g u n it- _ ___________ _
419
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh .................................. .............
420
O u tsid e flu sh ________________ _____
0
O th er ty p e ------------------------------------5
S o le u se of to ile t b y h o u se h o ld __________
413
W ater: In sid e d w e llin g — ------------------- __
422
R u n n in g _________________________
420
H o t r u n n in g _________________
399
N o t r u n n in g ________ ___________
2
O u tsid e d w e llin g o n ly . ________
3
S in k _________________________________________
422
E le c tr ic lig h ts ______________________________
423
G as or e le c tr ic ity for c o o k in g . _ ---------------416
R efrigerator: E le c tr ic ___________ _________
145
O ther m e ch a n ic a l___ ______
3
Ic e o n ly __________________ _
263
14
N o n e ________________
H o t air, h o t w a ter, or stea m h e a t. ___
378
T e le p h o n e ______________________ _____
87
G arage____________________________________
240
144
G arden sp a ce__________________________
234
P la y sp a ce___ _ — _ -------------- _
E a ch o f th e follo w in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, ru n n in g h o t w ater,
electric lig h t, an d gas or elec tric ity
for c o o k in g .. _ -------------- --- __ __ ___
390
II. F a m ilie s in su r v e y , w h o o w n ed p rin cip a l
h o m e a t en d of sch ed u le y e a r ---------------173
N u m b e r o f fam ilies liv in g in —
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u s e .. _ -----------------140
1-fam ily se m id e ta ch ed or r o w h o u se ___ __
1
32
2-fam ily h o u se------------------ ----------------------M u ltip le d w e llin g (3 -fam ily or m o r e )____
0
D w e llin g w ith e le v a to r . --------- --- _ _ ___
0
0
D w e llin g w ith jan itor s e r v ic e ____________
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
B a th ro o m in d w e llin g u n it .
______ _
168
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh ________ ______ _______
168
O u tsid e flu sh --------------------------------0
5
O ther ty p e --------------- ---------------------172
S o le u se o f to ilet b y h o u seh o ld ---------------W ater: In sid e d w e llin g ______________ . _
173
R u n n in g ____ _____ ______________
173
H o t r u n n in g ________ _________
162
N o t ru n n in g ___________________
0
O u tsid e d w ellin g o n ly _________
0
S in k ---------- --------------------------------------------173
173
E lectric lig h ts--------------------------------------------170
G as or e le c tr ic ity for c o o k in g -----------------R efrigerator: E le c tr ic -------------------------------46
O ther m e ch a n ic a l— ______
1
Ic e o n ly __________ ________
110
16
N one.
-_- -_H o t air, h o t w a ter, or stea m h e a t________
153
52
T e le p h o n e ______________
148
G a rage______________________ - ------------119
G ard en sp a ce_________________ . -------------134
P la y sp a ce -------------------------------------------------E a c h of th e follow in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, r u n n in g h o t w ater,
electric lig h t, an d gas or elec tric ity
162
for c o o k i n g . . _________________________ I
N o te s o n th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 382.




Continued

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

a b l e 9 . — H o u s i n g f a c i l i t i e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

W H IT E F A M I L I E S ________________________
G ran d R a p id s, M ic h .____________ In d ia n a p o lis, In d .
E co n o m ic l e v e l —
E co n o m ic l e v e l —
F a m ilies sp en d in g
F am ilies sp en d in g
per e x p e n d it u r e A ll
per e x p e n d i t u r e
A ll
u n it per year
u n it per year
fa m i­
fam i­
lies U n d er $400 $600
lies
U n d er $400 $600
an d
to
to
an d
$400 $600 over
$400 $600 over

Item

H o u sin g

F a c ilitie s
E n d

241

in

D w e llin g

o f S c h e d u le

O c c u p ie d

at

Y ear

I. F a m ilies in su r v e y , w h o ren ted p rin cip al
106
39
h o m e at en d of sch ed u le y ea r_______ . . _
20
134
47
53
38
43
A v . m o. ren ta l rate a t e n d of sch ed . y r ____ $13. 73 $11.89 $14. 33 $16.90 $17.99 $14. 76 $18. 60 $21.43
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in —
54
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u s e .:----------------------11
18
65
25
30
17
18
1-fam ily sem id eta ch ed or row h o u s e .. .
3
2
1
0
35
10
13
12
39
22
2-fam ily h o u se---------- -------------------------4
11
17
18
5
6
M u ltip le d w ellin g (3-fam . or m o re)_____
10
12
3
2
5
2
3
7
D w ellin g w ith elev a to r____________ . . .
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
D w ellin g w ith jan itor serv ice_________ _
1
2
3
5
0
2
3
N u m b er of fam ilies h a v in g —
B a th ro o m in d w e llin g u n it _______
_
93
19
111
38
36
36
33
42
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh ________________ __ _ 101
121
20
43
38
44
42
35
O u tsid e flu sh _______ ___________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O ther t y p e _______________________
5
1
4
0
13
9
3
1
105
129
S ole u se of to ile t b y h o u se h o ld __________
47
38
20
50
37
42
103
W ater: In sid e d w e llin g __________________
38
20
125
45
48
42
35
103
R u n n in g ______________________
45
38
20
123
46
35
42
72
H o t r u n n in g ________________
19
94
32
25
28
24
38
2
N o t r u n n in g . ____ _ _ __
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
3
9
O u tsid e d w ellin g o n ly __________
2
1
0
5
3•
1
106
20
125
S in k ______
_ -------------- -------------48
35
42
47
39
104
134
47
38
19
E lectric lig h ts ________________ _______
53
38
43
96
108
G as or e lec tric ity for c o o k in g __________
41
35
20
37
31
40
19
9
R efrigerator: E le c tr ic . . . _. ______
36
9
5
5
5
22
O ther m e ch a n ic a l_______
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
92
Ice o n ly ---------------- --------75
31
8
36
45
27
20
11
6
N o n e ___ _________ _________
2
3
2
6
3
1
73
94
H o t air, h o t w ater, or stea m h e a t_______
28
15
28
30
27
39
21
4
7
17
2
T e le p h o n e ____ __ _________
_________
10
7
8
60
22
13
83
G arage____ .
. _________
29
24
25
30
11
54
105
41
G arden sp ace _____ _______ __ ______
23
20
31
33
67
24
108
33
10
43
31
34
P la y sp a c e -------------- -----------------------------E a ch of th e follow in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, ru n n in g h o t w ater,
electric lig h t, an d gas or elec tric ity
89
69
17
26
26
29
for co o k in g .
. _______
23
37
II. F a m ilies in su r v e y , w h o ow n ed p rin cip al
h o m e a t en d of sch ed u le y e a r. __ . . .
69
88
39
14
22
35
32
15
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in —
62
34
13
83
36
29
20
13
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u se ._____________ .
1-fam ily sem id eta ch ed or row h o u se-----6
2
3
1
0
0
0
0
1
5
3
1
1
0
1
0
2-fam ily h o u se_____________________ _ _
0
M u ltip le d w ellin g (3-fam . or m o re)_____
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
D w e llin g w ith e lev a to r___ . . . ________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
D w e llin g w ith jan itor serv ice___ ________
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
14
84
36
34
14
59
18
27
B a th r o o m in d w e llin g u n it . . . . . . __
85
34
14
61
19
14
37
28
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh ____. . . ______ ______
0
0
0
0
O u tsid e flu sh ___ _____________ _
0
0
0
0
1
1
2
8
3
0
3
4
O ther ty p e . _ _ . . . _______
14
22
88
39
35
66
31
13
S ole u se of to ile t b y h o u seh o ld _______ _
14
88
39
35
66
21
31
14
W ater: In sid e d w e llin g ----------------- -----14
63
19
85
35
14
R u n n in g _______ __ _. _______
36
30
32
14
13
77
31
51
25
13
H o t r u n n in g ________________
3
2
3
3
0
1
N o t r u n n in g _____ _. . . . . . .
0
0
3
1
O u tsid e d w ellin g o n ly _______ _
0
0
0
0
1
1
14
67
21
86
35
31
37
15
S in k -------- ----------------------------------------------14
22
35
69
32
87
38
15
E lectric lig h ts . . . _________ _______ __
84
14
62
35
18
29
G as or e lec tric ity for c o o k in g .
35
15
9
3
25
4
R efrigerator: E le c tr ic .
_ _ __
18
6
13
8
O ther m e ch a n ic a l_____ __
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
42
64
31
24
9
17
Ice o n ly _________________
18
7
2
1
2
1
5
2
1
0
N o n e ___ . . .
32
12
14
49
H o t air, h o t w a ter, or stea m h ea t _
80
34
26
11
13
15
2
28
7
8
7
6
T e le p h o n e _______________________ __
54
14
66
25
29
12
14
26
G a r a g e .._ ________________ _. _
12
66
20
32
14
75
33
30
G arden s p a c e ______ _____ _ _____ ._
73
33
30
10
67
21
32
14
P la y s p a c e .. _ . . . __ _______ _. . . .
E a ch of th e fo llow in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, ru n n in g h o t w ater,
electric lig h t, an d gas or electricity
74
29
for c o o k in g ._______ __ ______________
31 1 14
47
12
23
12
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 382.




242

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

a b l e 9 . — H o u s i n g f a c i l i t i e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Continued

In d ia n a p o lis, In d .—-Negro
fam ilies
E c o n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­
lies U n d er $300 $400
an d
$300 to $400 over

Item

H o u sin g

F a c ilities in
at E n d

D w e llin g

o f S c h e d u le

L a n sin g , M ic h .— W h ite
fam ilies
E c o n o m ic l e v e l —
F a m ilies sp e n d in g
per
exp en d itu re
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­
lies U n d er $400 $600
an d
$400 to $600 over

O c c u p ie d

Year

I. F a m ilie s in su r v e y , w h o r en ted p rin cip al
82
36
h o m e a t en d of sc h e d u le y e a r . _ . _ . . .
19
27
88
35
30
23
A v . m o. ren ta l rate at en d of sch ed . y r___ $11. 68 $11.01 $12.89 $11.74 $19. 26 $16.20 $20. 59 $22.20
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in —
41
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u se_________ __ _ _ _
21
5
15
66
30
19
17
1-fam ily sem i-d etach ed or row h o u se___
22
11
6
5
0
1
1
0
10
2
2 -fam ily h o u se____ _____ __ ________ __
5
3
14
3
4
7
2
M u ltip le d w ellin g (3-fam ily or m o r e )...
9
3
4
2
7
2
3
D w e llin g w ith elev a to r . ______ . . . __
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
D w e llin g w ith jan itor s e r v ic e _________
5
0
2
3
8
3
3
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
11
32
B a th ro o m in d w e llin g u n i t .. _ _______
30
9
10
83
23
28
52
23
13
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh ____ _____ __ _ _
32
16
83
28
23
O u tsid e flu sh .. __ _________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
O ther ty p e ___________ ________ __
30
13
11
3
5
2
0
S ole u se of to ilet b y h o u se h o ld _________
78
35
17
33
26
84
28
23
W ater: In sid e d w e llin g ___ ______________
58
14
26
33
18
85
29
23
R u n n in g ___________ _______ __
24
13
55
18
33
85
29
23
H o t r u n n in g _____ ______ __ _
28
9
10
9
23
66
23
20
1
N o t r u n n in g __________________
3
2
0
0
0
0
0
O u tsid e d w ellin g o n ly _____ . . .
24
5
9
2
10
3
1
0
S in k ____ _____ _________________ __________
14
34
61
29
18
85
21
30
79
18
34
E lectric lig h ts_________ ________________
34
27
87
30
23
G as or elec tric ity for co o k in g ____________
8
12
21
27
7
69
28
20
21
1
1
0
3
R efrigerator: E le c tr ic .__ _________ _.
0
9
9
0
O ther m e ch a n ic a l. __ _ __
0
0
0
2
0
2
0
Ice o n ly .____________
78
17
34
27
23
55
18
14
2
N o n e _______________________
3
1
9
0
10
1
0
H o t air, h o t w ater, or ste a m h e a t. _ . . .
24
8
81
31
8
8
27
23
T e le p h o n e ____ ___________________ ______
1
0
12
0
1
1
5
6
G arage____________________ _____________
24
16
9
6
9
58
22
20
14
21
G ard en sp a ce____ . . . .
_ _ _ _ _ __
63
29
20
57
25
11
P la y s p a c e .. _________________ _. ______
63
29
14
20
25
24
67
18
E a ch o f th e follow in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, ru n n in g h o t w ater,
electric ligh t, an d gas or electricity
for c o o k in g __________ _ __ _________
16
2
16
7
7
56
22
18
II. F a m ilie s in su r v e y , w h o o w n ed p rin ­
cip a l h o m e at en d of sc h e d u le y e a r___
19
5
9
5
57
23
18
16
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in:
21
4
5
52
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u s e . ______________
17
8
16
15
1-fam ily sem i-d eta ch ed or row h o u se___
1
0
2
0
0
2
1
0
2 -fam ily h o u se________________________ __
2
0
0
1
1
0
3
1
M u ltip le d w e llin g (3-fam ily or m o r e )...
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
D w e llin g w ith e le v a to r ._ . . . ___________
0
0
0
0
0
D w e llin g w ith jan itor serv ice. _ . ____
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
N u m b e r o f fam ilies h a v in g —
B a th ro o m in d w e llin g u n i t . ____________
14
5
4
5
50
19
15
16
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh ___________________ .
6
4
5
51
18
18
15
15
O u tsid e flu sh _________ ___________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
1
0
6
5
O ther t y p e .______________________
3
0
1
S ole u se o f to ile t b y h o u se h o ld ___
9
5
5
55
22
19
17
16
4
54
W ater: In sid e d w e llin g __________________
5
20
18
16
15
6
54
R u n n in g ___________ _ _ .
4
20
15
6
5
18
16
38
H o t r u n n in g _____ ___________
4
3
5
17
12
6
15
N o t r u n n in g ____ __ . . . _ __
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
4
1
0
O u tsid e d w ellin g o n ly __________
3
3
0
0
S in k _____
_ _
4
56
23
5
15
6
18
15
22
E lectric l i g h t s . . . ______ . . . ______ . . . _
8
5
5
55
16
18
17
G as or e lec tric ity for c o o k in g .. __ ____
19
13
5
3
5
53
18
16
2
R efrigerator: E le c tr ic . ___________________
1
1
4
0
3
1
0
0
0
0
O ther m ech an ical _ _ _ _
0
0
0
0
0
Ice o n ly ______ . . .
4
2
49
18
9
15
16
15
4
2
0
N o n e . __________ __
0
0
0
6
0
22
2
4
56
18
16
H o t air, h o t w ater, or stea m h e a t_______
5
11
18
1
9
8
T e le p h o n e ______ _____________
1
0
0
1
18
15
15
4
48
G arage______________________ _ ______
6
3
13
14
41
15
12
4
4
G a rd en sp a ce______ . . . __________________
9
17
22
14
54
18
4
4
9
P la y s p a c e .. ______ ______ ________________
17
E a ch of th e follow ing item s:
In sid e flu sh to ilet, ru n n in g h o t w ater,
electric ligh t, an d gas or electricity
15
14
16
45
5
4
3
12
for cook in g . . . . . . . . . _ . . . ..
N te on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 382.
o s




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

a b l e 9 .—

Housing facilities, by economic level— Continued
M I L W A U K E E , W IS .— W H I T E F A M I L IE S
A ll
fam i­
lies

Ite m
H o u s in g

F a c ilities in
E n d

D w e llin g

o f S c h e d u le

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per ex p en d ­
itu re u n it per year
$400
$500
$700
$600
U n d er $300
to
to
to
to
an d
$300
$400
$600
$500
$700
ov er

O c c u p ie d at

Y ear

I. F a m ilie s in su r v e y , w h o ren ted p rin cip al
327
h o m e a t e n d of sc h e d u le y e a r ____________
A v . m o. ren ta l rate at en d of sch ed . y r_____ $24.14
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in-—
I-fa m ily d eta ch ed h o u s e ._ ------- --------. . .
87
1-fa m ily se m id e ta ch ed or row h o u se______
12
183
2 -fam ily h o u se .- ------------ -----------------------45
M u ltip le d w e llin g (3-fam ily or m o r e )____
1
D w e llin g w ith e le v a to r . -----------------------26
D w e llin g w ith ja n itor serv ice ---------------N u m b e r of fa m ilies h a v in g —
291
B a th roo m in d w ellin g u n it -------------------- .
323
T o ilet: In sid e flu sh ____________ _ _ _ _ _
0
O u tsid e flu sh . ---------------------------4
O ther ty p e ------------------------------------305
S ole u se of to ile t b y h o u seh o ld _ _ -----------325
W ater: In sid e d w e llin g . ________ ________
322
R u n n in g . ______ _____________
257
H o t r u n n in g ----- -------------------3
N o t r u n n in g ___ ___ ------- --2
O u tsid e d w e llin g o n l y . -------------324
S in k ________ ______ - -- -------------- - 325
E le c tr ic lig h ts ________ __________________
324
G as or e le c tr ic ity for c o o k in g ----------- ___
69
R efrigerator: E le c tr ic____________ _ _ ___
3
O ther m ech a n ica l ------214
Ice o n ly ------ ------------------------41
N o n e .. ------------ --- _
254
H o t air, h o t w a ter, or ste a m h e a t .. ___ .
97
T e le p h o n e---------- ---------------------------- - -138
G arage______________________________________
123
G arden sp a ce_______________________________
201
P la y sp a ce--------------------------------------------------E a ch of th e fo llow in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ile t, ru n n in g h o t w ater,
electric lig h t, an d gas or elec tric ity
249
for co o k in g ____________________________
II. F a m ilie s in su r v e y , w h o ow n ed p rin cip al
119
h o m e at en d of sc h e d u le y e a r ----------------N u m b e r of fa m ilies liv in g in —
72
1-fam ily d eta ch ed h o u se — --------------------0
1-fam ily se m id e ta ch ed or row h o u se-------47
2-fam ily h o u se --------------------------------------------0
M u ltip le d w ellin g (3 -fam ily or m o r e )-----0
D w e llin g w ith e lev a to r . . . . ------- --- - 0
D w e llin g w ith j an itor se r v ic e . . . ----------N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g —
108
B a th ro o m in d w ellin g u n it _
. _
114
T o ilet: In sid e f l u s h ________________ ____
0
O u tsid e flu sh _________________
5
O ther ty p e ______________________ __
110
Sole u se of to ile t b y h o u seh o ld ------- . . . _
115
W ater: In sid e d w e llin g . _ _ ----------------115
R u n n in g ------------------------- . . . 103
H o t r u n n in g . __ ------------------0
N o t r u n n in g . _-------------------------4
O u tsid e d w e llin g o n ly . . . . . . . .
119
S in k ________________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
119
E le c tr ic lig h ts . _ . . . . . . ---------------- - -- 117
G as or e lec tric ity for cook in g ---------------20
R efrigerator: E le c tr ic -------------------------------2
O ther m ech an ical . . . _ . .
81
Ice o n ly ____ _______ _______
16
N o n e . ---------------------- . . .
107
H o t air, h o t w ater, or stea m h e a t. . . _
46
T e le p h o n e___ __ . -------------- --- ------------70
G a r a g e .------------------- -----------------------------79
G a rd en sp a ce____________________ ________
94
P la y sp a ce------------------ -----------------E a ch of th e follow in g item s:
In sid e flu sh to ilet, ru n n in g h o t w ater,
electric ligh t, an d gas or e lectricity
101
for coo k in g____ __________ ________ -N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 382.




243

25
$16. 21

57
$22.39

89
$22. 64

49
$25. 86

$26. 97

68
$27. 64

11
0
12
2
0
1
16
25
0
0
24
25
25
14
0
0
25
24
25
1
0
15
9
11
0
5
7
18

23
0
26
8
0
4
51
56
0
1
54
57
57
38
0
0
57
57
57
3
0
47
7
42
10
13
25
41

28
3
52
6
0
2
77
86
0
3
78
87
87
72
0
2
88
89
86
12
1
65
11
69
20
39
38
58

9
3
33
4
0
3
47
49
0
0
49
49
48
39
1
0
49
49
49
3
1
39
6
42
16
21
16
29

9
2
21
7
1
4
38
39
0
0
36
39
37
34
2
0
3$
39
39
12
0
24
3
33
13
13
15
22

7
4
39
18
0
12
62
68
0
0
64
68
68
60
0
0
67
67
68
38
1
24
5
57
38
47
22
33

11
17
10
0
7
0
0
0
14
15
0
2
16
16
16
13
0
1
17
17
17
0
0
13
4
13
2
5
15
15

38
22
15
0
7
0
0
0
18
20
0
2
21
20
20
16
0
2
22
22
22
1
0
17
4
18
8
17
15
18

70
27
15
0
12
0
0
0
25
27
0
0
27
27
27
25
0
0
27
27
26
3
1
19
4
25
7
15
16
21

39
17
11
0
6
0
0
0
15
17
0
0
16
17
17
15
0
0
17
17
16
3
0
13
1
16
8
10
12
12

33
17
11
0
6
0
0
0
17
16
0
1
15
17
17
16
0
0
17
17
17
4
1
10
2
17
11
11
9
14

58
19
10
0
9
0
0
0
19
19
0
0
15
18
18
18
0
1
19
19
19
9
0
9
1
18
10
12
12
14

13

16

25

14

16

17

39

244

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

10.— Housing expenditures, by economic level
C I N C I N N A T I . O H IO — W H IT E F A M I L IE S

Item

H o u s in g E x p e n d itu r es

A ll
fam ilies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g per e x p e n d i­
tu re u n it per year
U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700
an d
$300
$400
$500
$700
$600
over

88
352
31
72
I. A ll fam ilies in su r v e y 1 ________ ______ __ __
55
42
64
A v . no. of persons in eco n om ic fa m ily _____
5. 45
4.01
3.28
3. 37
2.93
2.82 2.50
5.52
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u seh o ld ____
4.14
3.45
3. 00
3. 51
3. 01 2. 65
N u m b e r of fam ilies in v e stin g in:
9
52
3
P rin cip a l h o m e . __________ _____________
15
6
12
7
0
0
V a ca tio n h o m e ______________ _ _ _______
0
0
0
0
0
N o .o f fam . h a v in g current exp en d itu re for—
O w n ed p rin cip al hom e:
22
6
19
T a x e s______________________ ______ __ __
90
13
11
19
5
0
2
2
14
A sse ssm e n ts-__ ________________ _ __ __
0
5
4
7
6
R ep airs an d rep la c em e n ts_______________
35
7
3
8
13
6
14
48
3
4
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e ________________
8
0
0
1
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e ______
__
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
G round ren t _ _ _ ____ ______ _ __________
0
0
0
4
12
15
In terest on m o rtg a g es.- _ ___ _ _ _ _
7
56
8
10
0
0
2
R efin a n cin g ch arges________ __
___ __
1
1
0
0
R e n te d p rin cip al hom e:
262
66
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) _ _ __
25
53
42
31
45
7
R ep airs b y te n a n t. _ _____________ ___ _
0
5
17
3
0
2
S econ d a ry h ousing:
0
0
O w n ed va ca tio n h o m e ______ _ ________
0
0
0
0
0
0
13
R e n t on v a ca tio n or tr ip s________
0
3
1
2
7
0
1
0
R e n t at sch o o l_______________________ ___
0
0
0
1
A v . a m t. in v ested d u rin g sch ed . yr. in
ow n ed : P rin c ip a l h o m e, total __ _________ $38. 82 $24. 06 $82. 72 $13. 83 $13.68 $36.80 $53. 87
P a y . on prin. of m tg . an d d o w n p a y ____ 31. 73
17. 44 74. 73 13.26
13.68 36.80 27. 85
.57
7.09
6. 62
Im p r o v e m en ts on h o m e ________ ______ __
7. 99
0
0
26.02
0
V a ca tio n h o m e _______ . _____ _ ___
0
0
0
0
0
0
A verage current ex p en d itu re for—
O w n ed p rin cip al h o m e, t o t a l- __ _ __
61.46
33.74 48. 24 54. 80 47.80 81.87 97.20
T a x e s_______ ______________ ____________ _ 16.74
10.31
15. 22 16. 41 14. 37 15.80 24.64
1.72
2.98
.21
1.76
A sse ssm e n ts________________ _______ __ __
0
0
12. 27
4.05
R ep airs and r ep la cem en ts____________ _ 12.86
6. 62
15.64 28.64 23. 77
5.27
2.31
.64
F ire in su ran ce on h o m e_______ _ _ _ _ _ _
1.70
2.90
1.28 2.24
1.98
0
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e ______ __
0
.47
0
2.29
0
0
G rou n d r e n t ___ ________________ ________
.28
0
0
.0 7
0
0
0
15.11 21.59 30.03 15.25 36.15 34.28
In terest on m o rtgag es_____ ___________ _ 26.18
0
.14
R efin a n cin g ch arges_____________ _ __
.18
0
.76
0
0
R e n te d p rin cip al h o m e, t o t a l.. _ _ _ _ _ _
176.09 140.00 163. 49 158. 45 192.36 190. 40 208.63
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) _ _ _ _ 175. 75 140.00 163. 27 157.81 191.87 190. 40 208.32
.64
.34
.2 2
R ep airs b y te n a n t__________________ ___
.49
0
0
.31
S eco n d a ry h o u sin g, to ta l________________ __
0
.39
.91
.36 6. 79
1.50
0
O w n ed va ca tio n h o m e .__ ___ _ _________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
R e n t on va cation or trip s_________ _ _
1.04
0
.91
.39
0
.36 4.25
R e n t at sch oo l___________ ____________
0
.46
0
0
0
0
2.54
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w e llin g u n it. _ _
4.12
4.11
4. 07 4. 52
4.03
3.93
3.98
N o . of fam . liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
L ess th a n 4 r o o m s ..- _______ ____________
131
10
37
37
13
20
14
21
4 roo m s____________________ _____________ _
109
18
10
13
20
27
5 r o o m s ___ _____ ________ _ _ _ _ _ _
49
8
9
8
6
10
8
6 ro o m s___________ ___ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
43
12
1
15
3
3
9
7 room s or m o re______________ _________
2
6
20
2
2
2
6
II. F a m ilies w h o o w n ed th eir p rin cip al h o m e
90
6
19
22
f o r l 2 m o n t h s ___________ ___________ ___
13
11
19
A v . no. of persons in eco n om ic fa m ily ____
4.64
3. 71
3.77
6. 57
3. 23
3.09 2.84
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u seh o ld ___
3.98
6.90
5.00
3.98
3. 37 2.98
3.13
N u m b e r of fam ilies w h o in v este d d u rin g
th e sch ed u le yea r in o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e
50
3
13
9
6
7
12
A v. am t. in v ested d u rin g sch ed . year, to tal. $129.11 $107. 62 $160. 35 $55. 29 r $65.22 $140. 50 $227. 22
P a y . on prin. of m tg . an d d o w n p a y _____
93.39
90.09 130. 09 53.02 65. 23 140. 50 96.46
Im p ro v em en ts on h o m e _____ _______ __
35.72
17.53 30.26
2.27
0
0
130. 76
A verage current h o u sin g ex p en d itu res on
o w n ed prin cip al h o m e, t o t a l._ _________ 238.04 174. 35 171. 79 219. 28 202. 21 312. 59 327.43
T a x e s_______________ ____________ __ __ ___ 65.46
53.28 57.69 65. 66 60. 81 60.31 82.99
A ssessm en ts ___ __ _ _______ __
______
11.66
0
.81
6. 89
7. 45
0
41.33
R ep airs an d r ep la c em e n ts______ __ ______
50.12
34.22 19.18
16. 20 66.15 109.36 80.08
F ire in su ran ce on h o m e_______ ____________
7.45
8.78
9. 59
9. 25
2.69
4.88 7.56
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e__________ __
1.83
0
0
8.66
0
0
0
G round ren t__________________ ___________
.28
0
0
1.14
0
0
0
In terest on m o r tg a g e s ______________________ 101.15
78.07 75.86 120.14 64. 51 138.04 115.47
R efin a n cin g charges ___________________ _ _
.09
0
0
0
.60
0
0
1 T h e to ta l n u m b er of fam ilies su rv ey ed in clu d es th o se in each of th e 4 su b grou p s sh o w n in th is tab le
(i. e ., h o m e ow ners, h ou se ren ters, ap artm en t renters w ith h eat in clu d ed in ren t, an d ap artm en t renters
w ith h ea t n o t in clu d ed in ren t), an d also fam ilies w h o ch an ged th eir h o u sin g sta tu s d u rin g th e year for
w h o m no sep arate su b grou p is sh o w n .
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 382.




245

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

1 0 .— Housing expenditures, by economic level— Continued
C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed

Ite m

A ll
fam i­
lies

H o u s in g E x p e n d itu r e s—
C o n tin u ed
II. F a m ilies w h o o w n ed th eir p rin cip al h o m e
for 12 m o n th s— C on tin u ed .
A verage estim a ted a n n u a l ren tal v a lu e ______ $451.00
A verage im p u ted in com e from e q u ity in
o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e________ _____________ 213.00
5. 56
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g u n it. __
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin gs
w ith —
4
L ess th an 4 ro o m s. _ _____ ___ _______ _
19
4 r o o m s ----- ---------------------------------------- . 21
5 roo m s_______ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
__ ___ -----31
6 roo m s____ _____________________ __ ___ _.
15
7 room s or m o r e .__ . __ __ ___ ___ -----39
I II . F a m ilies w h o ren ted h ou se for 12 m o n th s..
A verage n u m b er of persons in econ om ic
3.95
fa m ily __________________ _________ __ ___
4.19
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u s e h o ld ----A verage exp en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al
h o m e, t o ta l.. _____________ _ __________ $276.87
276.58
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) _ _ ____
.29
R ep airs b y ten a n t _ . _ _ _ _________
23. 35
A verage m o n th ly ren tal rate____ _______ _
4. 79
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g u n it- _
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin gs
w ith —
8
L ess th a n 4 r o o m s. _ __ _
____ _ _
8
4 room s ______
_ _ _ . __ _______ __
13
5 room s __ ___ ._ __ __ _ __ _ _____
7
6 r o o m s ___________ _______ _ . _
___
3
7 room s or m o r e ________ _______
I V . F a m ilies w h o ren ted a p artm en t for 12
66
m o n th s w ith h eat in clu d ed in rent _ _
A verage n u m b er of p ersons in eco n om ic
2. 82
fa m ily _ ___ __ _ _ _
__ _ _ _ _ _ .
2.86
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u se h o ld ___
A vera g e exp en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al
h o m e, to ta l. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _____ $283. 25
282. 87
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) _ _
.38
R ep airs b y t e n a n t.__ ______ _____ ______
23. 99
A verage m o n th ly ren tal r a t e ___ _______ __
3. 26
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g u n it._ _
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin gs
w ith —
39
L ess th a n 4 ro o m s______ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
20
4 r o o m s ___ __ _. _ __ ________ _ __
5 r o o m s._ _ __ _ ______________ __ ______
7
0
6 roo m s____ __ _______ __ _ _ ___ ____
0
7 room s or m o r e . ______ _ ___
_ __ _
V . F a m ilies w h o ren ted a p artm en t for 12
154
m o n th s w ith h eat n o t in clu d ed in r e n t ...
A v era g e n u m b er of persons in econ om ic
3.20
fa m ily _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_
_______
3.31
A vera g e n u m b er of persons in h o u seh o ld ____
A verage ex p en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al
h o m e, to ta l. __ __ ______ _ _. _____ $206. 91
206. 38
R e n t (gross ren t less c o n cessio n s)________
.53
R ep airs b y te n a n t, ________________________
17.19
A verage m o n th ly ren tal ra te_________________
A v era g e n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g u r it_ _ _
3.44
N o . o f fam . liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
L ess th a n 4 room s
___ __ __
81
59
4 room s _ _________ ____ __ __ __ __
5 r o o m s .__ ____ __ _•___
________ __ ___
10
3
6 room s
_ _
___ ________ __ _ _ .
1
7 room s or m o r e . __ ___ _ _________ _ __.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 382.




E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per ex p e n d i­
tu re u n it per year
$700
an d
over

U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to
$300
$400
$600
$500
$700

$382.00 $457.00 $450.00 $432.00 $437.00 $489.00
207.00 285.00 231.00 230.00 125.00 162.00
5. 32
5. 33
5. 91
4.85
5.27
6.11
2
3
4
9
1
7
4. 57
4. 71

0
1
3
1
1
6
5.88
5.88

1
2
5
10
4
11
3.80
4.09

0
7
2
3
1
9
3. 55
3.94

1
2
4
2
2
1
2.27
3.00

0
4
3
6
6
5
2.20
2.44

$194. 50 $263. 57 $271.36 $300. 59 $240.00 $371.10
194. 50 263.14 271.36 299. 67 240.00 371.10
.43
0
.92
0
0
0
17.08 21.93 23.18 24.89 20.00 31. 10
4.29
4.33
5.00
5.11
5.00
5.00
1
2
3
0
0
1
4.00
4.00

3
1
1
2
0
12
3.29
3.29

3
2
0
4
2
12
3.00
3.00

1
2
5
0
1
13
2.84
2.97

0
0
1
0
0
13
2.49
2.63

0
1
3
1
0
15
2.49
2. 46

$300.00 $257.08 $251.12 $293. 40 $260. 31 $339.87
300.00 257.08 249.00 293. 40 260. 31 339. 87
0
0
2.12
0
0
0
25.00 21.31
20. 75 24. 43 21.62 : 30.33
2.83
5.00
3.25
3.23
3. 31 3.47
0i
0i
1
0i
ci
181
5. 01
5.04

10|
1
1
0I
I
32!
3.64
3.72!

7
3
2’
CiC
l
431
3.01
3.1Ci

8
4
1
0■
0 0'
20i
2.52!
2.53

7
6
Ci
CI
17
2.93i
3.07r
i
c 1

7
6
2
0
0
24
2.34
2.58

$159. 61 $203. 32[ $184.77' $203.01 $257. 24i $254.45
159. 61 202.94[ 184.0Ei 202.08 i 257.24 [ 253.62
0
. 3£1
.93l
.72>
0
.83
13. 25i 16.77' 15.22J 17.1C1 2 1 .6£) 21.15
3. 44\
3.34 [
3.21 L
3 .3£»
3.82 l 3.75
c)
1)
2f)
22>
12!
7
7r
7r
14[
6
i
1()
15
]
!
25
25
2
L
2
C )
] C>
L
1L
L
0
]L

)

( ) >

)

C

]
]
((

0

246

BAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

10.— Housing expenditures, by economic level— Continued
C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S
Item

H o u sin g

A ll fam i­
lies

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re u n it per yea r
U n d er
$300 to
$400 an d
$300
$400
over

E x p e n d itu r es

1. A ll fam ilies in su r v e y 1 __ ______ __ _______ ________
100
36
26
38
A verage n u m b er of persons in eco n om ic fa m ily ____
3.37
4.65
3. 25
2.24
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u seh old
_________
3.46
4.73
3.32
2.35
N u m b e r o f fam ilies in v e stin g in: P rin cip a l h o m e ____
4
2
0
2
V acation h om e ___
0
0
0
0
N u m b e r of fam ilies h a v in g cu rren t exp en d itu re for:
O w n ed p rin cip al hom e:
Taxes__ _________________ ___________ __ ____
10
3
0
7
A s s e s s m e n ts _____________________
_______ __
1
1
0
0
R ep airs an d r ep la c em e n ts__________________________
7
1
0
6
F ire in su ran ce on h o m e___________ . _ ___________
4
1
0
3
L ia b ility in su ran ce on h o m e _ _ _ ___________ ___
2
0
0
2
G rou n d r e n t. ___________________ _ ____________ __
0
0
0
0
In terest on m ortgag es_________ ____________________
4
2
0
2
R efin a n cin g ch arges__________ _____________________
0
0
0
0
R e n te d p rin cip al hom e:
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) _ _______________
90
33
26
31
R ep airs b y te n a n t___________________________________
3
1
2
0
S econ d a ry housing:
O w n ed v a ca tio n h o m e ____________________________
0
0
0
0
R e n t on v a ca tio n or trip s __ _________ ___________
0
0
0
0
R e n t a t s c h o o l____ __
___________ ____________
1
0
0
1
A v . a m t. in v este d d u rin g sch ed u le yea r in ow n ed :
$2. 60
P rin cip a l h o m e, to ta l ___________________________ _
$5.02
$0.00
$2.07
P a y m e n t o n p rin cip al of m ortgage an d d o w n
p a y m e n t__________________________________________
1.90
3.08
0
2.07
Im p r o v e m en ts on h o m e __________________________
1.94
.70
0
0
V a ca tio n h o m e ______________________________________
0
0
0
0
A verage current ex p en d itu re for:
O w n ed p rin cip al h o m e, to ta l, __ - ___ ____________
9. 63
3.10
0
22. 41
.............. .................... ..
__ ______________
T a x es
3. 37
1.28
0
7. 66
.02
A ssessm en t ____________________________ _________
.01
0
0
R ep airs an d r ep la c em e n ts_____________ _________
1.94
.28
0
4.84
F ire in su ran ce on h o m e______________ ___________
.07
.28
0
.68
L ia b ility in su ran ce on h o m e ________ _____ __ _ _
.91
0
0
2. 39
G round r en t________________________ _____ __ _
0
0
0
0 .
1.45
3.12
In te re st on m ortgages_______________________________
0
6.84
R efin a n cin g ch arges____________ ________
______
0
0
0
0
R e n te d p rin cip al h o m e, to ta l___________________ __
161. 04
149. 30
175.10
162. 53
R e n t (gross ren t less c o n c e ssio n s)________ __ _ _
160. 70
149. 22
173.92
162. 53
R ep airs b y te n a n t____________ _______ _____________
.34
.08
1.18
0
S e co n d a ry h o u sin g, to ta l ................... ........... ........
.90
0
0
2. 36
O w n ed v a ca tio n h o m e _____________________________
0
0
0
0
R e n t on v a cation or trip s_________________ _ ___ _
0
0
0
0
R e n t a t sch o o l. . _ ___ ___ _____________ ___ __
.90
0
0
2. 36
3. 64
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w e llin g u n it _____ _
3. 56
3.46
3.84
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith :
L ess th a n 4 ro o m s_____________ ____________ ___ ___
53
18
17
18
25
11
4 roo m s____ __ _____________________________ _________
6
8
13
5
5 roo m s________________________________________________
1
7
7
2
1
6 roo m s_________________________________________________
4
2
7 room s or m o r e ..............................................................................
0
1
1
II. F a m ilie s w h o ow n ed th eir p rin cip al h o m e for 12
10
3
0
m o n th s 2 ...............................................................................................
7
20
8
4
Ill* F a m ilie s w h o ren ted h o u se for 12 m o n th s 2______
8
3. 65
A verage n u m b er of persons in eco n om ic fa m ily ______
5.53
2.94
2.12
3.76
A vera g e n u m b er of persons in h o u seh o ld ______________
5.53
2.94
2.40
A verage exp en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al h om e,
$212. 22
to ta l . ....................................................................................
$205. 50
$197.12
$226. 50
205. 50
R e n t (gross ren t less c o n cessio n s)____________________
210.90
190.50
226.50
1.32
R ep airs b y te n a n t_____________________________________
0
6. 62
0
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l rate___________________________
17.12
17.78
16.88
18.88
A vera g e n u m b er of room s in d w e llin g u n it _________
4. 25
4.40
4. 25
4. 62
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
L ess th a n 4 r o o m s _____________________ _____
1
3
1
1
4 room s _______________ _ ___ _______ _____ _ _ .
10
4
2
4
4
5 room s________________________________________________
3
0
1
2
6 room s _ _______________ ___________________ ______ __
0
1
1
7 room s or m o r e ._____ _____________ _____________
1
0
0
1
1 T h e to ta l n u m b er of fam ilies su rv ey ed in clu d es th ose in each of th e 4 su b g rou p s sh o w n in th is tab le
(i. e. h o m e ow n ers, h o u se ren ters, a p a rtm en t ren ters w ith h ea t in clu d ed in ren t, an d a p a rtm en t ren ters w ith
h eat n o t in clu d ed in ren t) an d also fam ilies w h o ch an ged th eir h o u sin g sta tu s d u rin g th e year for w h o m no
sep arate su b grou p is sh o w n .
2 D e ta ile d in form ation n o t p resen ted b ecau se of sm a ll n u m b er of fa m ilie s in th e c la ssific a tio n .
N o te s on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 382.




247

TABULAE SUMMARY
T a ble 10.— Housing expenditures, by economic level— Continued

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S -C o n t in u e d

Ite m

H o u s i n g E x p e n d i t u r e s — C on tin u ed
IV . F a m ilies w h o ren ted ap artm en t for 12 m o n th s w ith
h eat in clu d ed in r e n t 2 __________ _____________
V . F a m ilie s w h o ren ted a p a rtm en t for 12 m o n th s w ith
h eat n o t in clu d ed in r e n t. ___________________ ______
A verage n u m b er of persons in eco n om ic fa m ily ______
A verage n u m b er of persons in h ou seh old
_________
A verage ex p en d itu re for ren ted prin cip al h om e,
to ta l
____________ _________ ______ . ___ __ .
R e n t (gross ren t less c o n c e ssio n s)____________________
R ep airs b y te n a n t_______________ ____________
A verage m o n th ly ren tal rate
_______ __ __ ____
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w e llin g u n it
_______
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
L ess th a n 4 ro o m s_______
________ ______ __
4 ro o m s. _______ _____________ •_ _
-------------5 room s __ . . . __
_ __ __ . . . ____________
6 r o o m s ________________ __ ______ _ _ _______ _____
7 room s or m o re_____ _______________________________

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re u n it per year

A ll fam i­
lies

U n d er
$300

$300 to
$400

1

4
66
3.31
3.37

24
4. 26
4. 34

$162.05
161. 94
. 11
13. 56
3. 33
48
11
5

$147. 95
147.83
. 12
12. 44
3.04
17
6
1

1
1

0
0

$400 an d
over

0
22
3. 31
3. 40

3
20
2.20
2.20

$171.10
170.91
.19
14. 37
3. 77
16
4

$169.00
169.00
0
14.02
3.20
15
1

1
0
1

2Detailed information not presented because of small number of families in the classification.
Notes on this table are in appendix A p. 382.

5 3 4 8 5 ° — 40-




T7

3
1
0

BAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

248
T

able

10.— Housing expenditures, by economic level- -Continued
C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L IE S
Ite m

H o u s in g

fam i­
lies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per exp en d itu re
u n it per year
U n d er $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 I $800
to
to
to
to
to
an d
$300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 over

E x p e n d itu r e s

82
490
35
106
83
66
44
74
I. A ll fam ilies in s u r v e y l - --------------------- -5. 50 4. 50 3.74 3. 21 2.79 2. 70 2.29
3.46
A v . n o . of p erson s in eco n om ic fa m ily .__
3.64
5. 57 4. 57 3.87 3.53 3.0 2 2.97 2.44
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u se h o ld . _
N u m b e r of fam ilies in v e stin g in:
72
6
10
20
13
9
P rin cip a l h o m e ------------------------------ - - - 8
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
V a ca tio n h o m e . _ _____________ . ------N o . of fam . h a v in g cur. exp en d , for—
O w n ed p rin cip al hom e:
140
28
31
16
25
14
17
9
T a x e s_____________________________________
1
6
1
1
0
2
1
A sse ssm e n ts---------------------------- ----------0
15
14
78
9
15
9
12
R ep airs an d rep la c em e n ts--------------4
14
19
12
68
8
7
5
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e______ _
3
0
0
0
0
0
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e - .- 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G round r e n t________ _______ __ - -0
22
14
26
108
12
15
In terest on m o rtgag es---------------------------12
7
11
1
4
3
3
0
R efin a n cin g ch arges-----------------------------0
0
R e n te d p rin cip al hom e:
352
55
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) _
19
76
58
49
30
65
44
4
1
6
10
7
6
R ep airs b y ten a n t - _ _______ - - - - - 10
S eco n d a ry h ousing:
1
0
2
0
0
0
0
O w n ed v a c a tio n h o m e ------- --------------1
0
6
R e n t on v a c a tio n or tr ip s________ __
28
0
1
5
2
14
0
0
1
0
0
1
R e n t a t sch o o l- __ ---------------- -- - -0
0
A v . a m t. in v este d d u rin g sch ed . yr. in
ow n ed : P rin cip a l h om e, to ta l_______ . $21.18 $12. 57 $15. 57 $32. 96 $13. 89 $20. 08 $30.19 $18.41
P y m t. on prin. ofm o rt. an d d o w n p y m t. 20.04 12. 57 13.13 30.29 13.58 19. 32 30.19 18. 40
2. 44 2. 67
Im p r o v e m en ts on h o m e_____________ __
1.14
0
.31
.76
0
.01
0
0
0
0
0
0
V a ca tio n h o m e--------------------------------------0
0
A v erage cu rren t exp en d itu re for—
O w n ed p rin cip al h o m e, t o t a l ___________ 60. 33 67.26 62.03 58.12 63. 91 62. 39 76. 27 42. 96
- - - — -------------- 18.42 20.89 22.07 17. 54 18. 64 18. 73 25. 52 9.70
T a x e s— ______
.0 2
.04
.46
0
1.34
1. 46
A sse ssm e n ts______ - - ----------.23 0
R ep airs an d r ep la cem en ts-------------------- 13.02 12.80 8.69 11. 74 14. 64 16. 22 11. 00 16. 26
2. 61 2. 22 2.06
1.76
1.96
1. 45 1. 66
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e - - -------------.5 4
0
0
0
0
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e ---------------0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G ro u n d r e n t_________ - __ - ------0
0
25. 46 29. 73 27. 34 26.10 23.18 24. 53 37. 86 16. 46
In terest on m ortgages - --------- _ _ _
1.21
1.23
1. 69
.64
R efin a n cin g charges — ------------ ___ 4.15 0
0
0
R e n te d p rin cip al h o m e, to ta l _ __ _ _ 195. 47 122. 77 162.83 174. 03 186. 69 216. 78 209. 81 279.10
R e n t (gross ren t less c o n c e ssio n s)_____ 194. 79 122. 74 162. 72 173. 23 186. 27 215. 69 208. 90 277.83
.6 8
.0 3
.11
.8 0
.4 2
1. 09
R ep airs b y te n a n t- -------------- - - .91
1. 27
1. 41
0
0
.3 4
S econ d a ry h o u sin g , to ta l----- --- .
.1 6
2. 08
.8 0
6. 36
.0 3
0
0
.0 5
O w n ed v a c a tio n h o m e . -----------------0
0
0
.1 4
1. 22
0
0
.2 9
R e n t on v a c a tio n or trip s_______ - - - . 16
.85
.8 0
6. 22
. 16
0
0
0
0
1. 23 0
R e n t a t sch o o l- _______________ _______
0
5.19
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g u n it5. 43 5. 36 5.17
5. 35 5.08 5. 32 4. 77
N o . of fam . liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
39
4
5
4
4
L ess th a n 4 roo m s___ __ - _ _ ________ _ .
7
3
12
21
98
4
29
15
9
4 r o o m s -------------------------------------------8
12
166
10
19
36
29
5 room s ___ - _ _ - ___ - -- -----------29
13
30
121
22
9
25
21
14
6 r o o m s.- _
_ ----------- ----------- -----13
17
66
15
12
7 room s or m ore___ — ____________ _
8
14
7
7
3
II. F a m ilies w h o ow n ed th eir p rin cip al h o m e
for 12 m o n th s. - - _______ __
138
16
27
30
25
17
14
9
A v erage n u m b er of person s in eco n om ic
fa m ily ______________ ______ __
3. 77
5. 51 4.74 3.90 3. 26 2. 60 2.70 2.78
5. 61 4.81 4.14 3. 74 2. 90 3.12 3.26
A v erage n u m b er of persons in h o u seh old
4.06
N u m b e r of fam ilies w h o in v este d d uring
69
6
10
th e sch ed . yr. in ow n ed p rin cip al h o m e 13
17
9
8
6
A verage a m o u n t in v e ste d d u rin g sch ed u le
$69. 00 $27. 49 $52. 07 $79. 07 $51. 52 $77. 94 $94.89 $151. 40
yea r, to ta l____ __
____— _
P y m t. on p rin . of m ort. an d d o w n p y m t_ 63. 47 27. 49 44.66 62. 86 50.49 75.00 94.89 151. 29
Im p r o v e m en ts on h o m e _______________ - 5. 53
0
7. 41 16. 21
1.03 2.94 0
.11
A verage cu rren t h o u sin g exp en d itu res on
o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e, to ta l___________ 208.81 147.14 183. 01 192.06 204.16 242, 25 239. 72 353.29
63. 98 45. 69 64. 22 58. 01 61.87 72. 72 80. 22 79. 77
T a x e s_________ - __________— ___ 1. 62
A sse ssm e n ts__________ _________________ 0
.0 6
.13
4.45
5. 69
.71
0
R ep airs an d r ep la c em e n ts___________ _ - _ 45. 69 28. 01 26. 38 39.06 48.60 62.97 34. 58 133.67
6.13
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e . - - - - - - - 5. 71 6. 76 6.69 6. 51 5. 63 5. 21 4. 47
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e _______
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G rou n d r e n t______
- - -------------0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
In te re st on m o rtgag es_____________________ 88.70 65. 03 80.45 86.65 76. 96 95. 24 119. 00 135.38
R efin a n cin g ch arges_____________ _ - _ ..
2. 69
2.70 5.14
1. 52 5. 77 0
0
0
i T h e to ta l n u m b er of fam ilies su r v e y ed in c lu d e s th ose in each of th e 4 su b g rou p s sh o w n in th is ta b le
(i. e ., h o m e ow n ers, h o u se ren ters, a p artm en t ren ters w ith h eat in clu d ed in ren t, an d a p a rtm en t ren ters
w ith h eat n o t in c lu d e d in ren t) an d also fam ilies w h o ch an g ed th eir h o u sin g sta tu s d u rin g th e yea r for w h o m
no sep ara te su b g rou p is sh o w n .
N o te s o n th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 382.




TABULAR SUMMARY

249

T a ble 10.— Housing expenditures, by economic level— Continued

C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed

Ite m

A ll
fam i­
lies

H o u s i n g E x p e n d i t u r e s — C o n tin u ed
I I . F am ilies w h o o w n ed th eir p rin cip al ho m e
for 12 m o n th s— C o n tin u e d .
A verage estim a ted a n n u a l ren ta l v a lu e ----- $366.00
A verage im p u ted in co m e from e q u ity in
o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e _____ _____ __
157.00
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w e llin g u n it.
5. 93
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin gs
w ith —
1
L ess th a n 4 roo m s-------- _ __ _ _ -------- --9
----------4 room s_____________ __ _
37
5 room s _ ______ _ ___ __ - _ _ _ _____
52
-----------------------6 room s _ ____ _
39
7 room s orm ore_ _ __________ _______ _ II I . F a m ilies w h o ren ted h o u se for 12 m o s . - _
86
A verage n u m b er of persons in econ om ic
3. 69
fa m ily ________
_ _ _ ______ __
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u se h o ld . _ _ 3.91
A verage exp en d itu re for ren ted p rincipal
$304. 39
h o m e, to ta l. _ _______________
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) _____ 302.97
1.42
R epairs b y te n a n t___ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l ra te_______________ 25. 54
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w e llin g u n it.
5.97
N u m b er of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s
w ith —
4
L ess th a n 4 roo m s_____ _______ ___________
6
4 room s ___ __ _ ___ _________ ______ __
22
5 roo m s_________________ __ __ __ _ _ __
36
6 room s __________________ _ _ --------18
7 room s or m ore___________ __ __ _
IV . F a m ilies w h o ren ted ap artm en t for 12
m o n th s w ith h eat in clu d ed in ren t_____
45
A verage n u m b er of p ersons in econ om ic
2. 72
fam ily ___ _________ ____________ _ _ .
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u se h o ld ._ 2. 82

E co n o m ic le v e l— F am ilies sp en d in g per exp en d itu re
u n it per year
U n d er $300
to
$300 $400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$600
to
$700

$700
to
$800

$800
an d
over

$270. 00 $363.00 $342. 00 $361.00 $401.00 $440.00 $453.00
123.00 180.00 150.00 157.00 158.00 200.00 100.00
5. 56 6. 22 5.87 6.00 5.65 6.14
6.00
1
1
6
3
5
9
6.48
6. 62

0
2
4
13
8
12
4. 96
5.04

0
4
7
11
8
10
3. 55
3. 61

0
1
7
9
8
15
3. 67
4. 20

0
1
7
6
3
14
3. 37
3. 51

0
0
3
6
5
14
2. 57
2.79

0
0
3
4
2
12
2.10
2. 33

$269.44 $289.13 $249. 55 $336. 75 $335.19 $288. 67 $333.48
269.33 288.96 245. 90 335.93 334. 71 287. 57 329.48
.11
.82
.17
3. 65
.48
1.10 4.0 0
22. 44 24. 92 20. 70 28. 53 28.18 23.96 27. 53
6. 33 6.08 5. 50 6. 20 5. 71 5. 29 5.33
0
0
2
4
3
0
0
0

0
2
1
5
4
5
3.78
3. 80

0
1
6
2
1
4
4. 75
4. 80

1
0
1
8
5
5
2. 37
2. 55

1
0
5
5
3
8
2.63
2. 61

1
3
3
6
1
4
3.01
3. 35

1
0
4
6
1
19
2.08
2.17

A verage exp en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al
h o m e, total__ _______ _____
$335. 51
$300. 60 $348. 00 $246. 12 $303. 88 $425. 42 $359. 98
R e n t (gross ren t less c o n c e ssio n s)______ 334.47
300. 60 348. 00 242. 60 303. 88 425.00 358. 53
1.04
3. 52 0
.42
1. 45
0
0
R ep airs b y te n a n t______ _______ __
A verage m o n th ly ren tal r a te. __ ______ 28. 01
25. 60 29.88 20. 00 25. 69 35. 62 29. 75
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g u n it.
3. 93
4. 20 5. 00 3. 80 3.50 4.75
3.68
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin gs
w ith —
1
1
2
9
L ess th a n 4 roo m s. _ _ __ _______ __
0
4
17
1
4 room s _ _ _ _ _ _ ______________________
16
3
2
2
3
5
1
1
1
1
9
5
5 room s
_ __ _ _________ __ __ _
0
1
1
6 roo m s_________ __ _ _ _ _______ _ _
0
0
0
0
0
2
____________
7 room s or m ore _
0
1
0
0
1
O’
V . F am ilies w h o ren ted ap artm en t for 12
214
m o n th s w ith h eat n o t in clu d ed in rent__
10
35
59
38
26
12
34
A verage n u m b er of persons in econ om ic
3. 31
4.6 0 4. 25 3. 62 3.10 2.68 2. 75 2.35
fa m ily . __ _______ ___________ _______ __
4. 56 4.35 3.73
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u se h o ld . _ 3.43
3. 26 2. 91 2.88 2.41
A verage exp en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al
h o m e, to ta l______ __
________ ______ $250.03 $187. 20 $229. 59 $238.06i $242.45 $270. 76 $290. 69 $288. 60
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) _ _ __ 249. 33 187. 20 229.40 237. 25i 242.32: 268.87 288.79 288.06
R epairs b y te n a n t________________________
.70
.19
.13
. 54
0
.81
1.90
1.89
A verage m o n th ly ren tal r a te ____________ __ 20. 88 15. 60 19. 23 19. 76i 20.41 22. 75 24.62 23.85
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w e llin g u n it.
4. 73
4.40 4. 66 4.66 i 4.79' 4.92: 4.58 4.85
N o . of fam . liv in g in d w ellin gs w ith —
4
L ess th a n 4 roo m s___ _______ ______ _ _
15
3
3
1
1
1
2
22!
66
3
13
4 r o o m s _______ ________
_ _____
5i
4
12!
7
14
22
20i
16i
5 room s _ _ __ _. ___ _____ __
98
2
18
6i
4
3i
6room s__ __. ________ __
_ __ _ _
30
1
3
11
1
7
2!
7 room s or m ore_
_ _ _______ _____ !
5
1
0
1
1
0i
0
Notes on this table are in appendix A, p. 382.




EAST NORTH CENTRAL REG N
IO

250

T a ble 10.— Housing expenditures, by economic level— Continued
COLUMBUS, OHIO—WHITE FAMILIES

Item

H o u sin g

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp e n d in g per
exp en d itu re u n it per year

A ll
fam ilies

U n d er
$300

$300 to
$400

$400 to
$600

$600 an d
over

E x p e n d itu r es

I . A ll fam ilies in su r v e y 1__ _________ _ ____ _____
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in eco n om ic fa m ily ___
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u s e h o ld __ ______
N u m b e r of fam ilies in v estin g in: P rin cip a l h o m e . _
V acation hom e__
N o . of fam ilies h a v in g current exp en d itu re for—
O w n ed p rin cip al hom e:
T axes
__
__
_ _ _
___
_____ __
A sse ssm e n ts. __ _ _______
R ep airs an d rep lacem en ts __ __ . ______ __
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e . __ _ _ _____
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e . _
_ __ _
G round ren t .
__ . . . . ______
In terest on m o r tg a g e s____ ___ _ _____ __
R efin a n cin g charges _____
_________ ____
R e n te d p rin cip al hom e:
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) ___ ____
R ep airs b y ten a n t
_______ _ _________
S econ d a ry housing:
O w n ed v a cation h o m e _____ _ ________
__
R e n t on v a cation or tr ip s. ________ _ _______
R e n t a t school __________ ________ _____ __ __
P rin cip a l h o m e, to ta l. ______ _ . _ _ _ _ _
P a y m e n t on prin. of m ort. an d d o w n p a y m t..
Im p r o v e m en ts on h o m e _ ______ . . . ______ __
V acation h o m e _. . _______ __________ ____
A verage current exp en d itu re for—
O w n ed prin cip al h o m e, total _ _ _ _______
T axes
_ _ _____________ _______________
A sse ssm e n t.. . . __ _______ ____ __ ______ __
R ep airs an d rep lacem en ts _ ______ ________
F ire in su ran ce on h o m e . _________________ _____
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e _____ ______________
G rou n d ren t _
___________
.
______________ .
In te re st on m o r tg a g e s _________ _______ . . . ______
R efin a n cin g charges
. . .
___________ . . .
R e n te d p rincipal h o m e, total _ _______ ______ .
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) _ _______ __
R ep airs b y te n a n t. _ ____ ____ __ . . _______
S eco n d a ry h o u sin g, to ta l. __ _ _______ __ __ _ _
O w n ed va ca tio n h o m e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
___
_
R e n t on va cation or trip s
_ _ __
R e n t a t school
_ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _
_
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w e llin g u n it
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
L ess th a n 4 room s __ ___ ___ _ __
____
4 room s __ __ _ _ _
________ ____ __ ___
5 room s . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____ __ ______ __ ______ ___
____________ __
6 room s
_ _
7 room s or m ore ____________________
I I . F am ilies w h o o w n ed th eir p rin cip al h o m e for 12
m o n th s __ _
_ __________ ______
_______
A v erage n u m b er of p erson s in eco n om ic fa m ily ___
A verage n u m b er of p ersons in h o u se h o ld ____________
N u m b e r of fam ilies w h o in v este d d u rin g th e
sch ed u le y ea r in o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e _______
A v . a m t. in v este d d uring sch ed u le year, to ta l ____
P a y m e n t on prin. of m ort. an d d o w n p a y m t..
Im p r o v e m en ts on h o m e . __ _ __ __ ________
A verage cu rren t h o u sin g ex p en d itu res on ow n ed
. _
p rin cip al h o m e, t o t a l _____ ______________
T a x e s _____ __
______
_ _ _ _ _
__ __
A sse ssm e n ts. ______
__ __ __________ __ ___________
R ep airs an d rep la cem en ts ____ _____
_
_______
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e __ __ ______ __ _ ____
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e ____ __ ___ __ __ _
G round r e n t.. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
____________
In terest on m o rtgag es____ ______ __ _ __________
R efin a n cin g charges_____ ______ _______ ______ __

266
3. 33
3.62
55
0

93
29
45
44
0
0
70
15
176
7
0
11
0
$39. 35
33. 35
6. 00
0
66. 44
14.60
3. 02
13. 43
2. 66
0
0
31.43
1. 30
157.11
156. 60
. 51
. 77
0
. 77
0
5. 65
9

32
68
103

54

92
3. 24
3. 61
52
$108. 83
89. 71
17.12
187. 06
41. 55
8. 74
36. 96
7. 46
0
0
88. 71
3.64

48
4.82
5.08
10
0

55
3.72
4.08
9
0

95
3.04
3. 34
23
0

68
2. 34
2.62
13
0

16
4
5
10
0
0
14
4
32
2
0
0
0

18
3
7
8
0
0
14
1

37
15
23
16
0
0
28
8

22
7
10
10
0
0
14
2

37
0
0
2
0

46
3

$23.18
19. 07
4.11
0
46. 30
9.89
.80
8.19
2. 72
0
0
22.80
1.90
122. 47
121. 97
.50
0
0
0
0
5.69
1
9
12
11
15
16
4.93
5.23
10

$28. 53
28.10
. 43
0
55. 02
12. 38
1.92
11. 24
2. 09
0
0
26. 91
.48
148. 70
148. 70
0
. 11
0
. 11
0
5. 77
2
4
16
23
10
19
3.43
3. 93
8

61
2
0
3
0
$48. 52
42. 72
5.80
0
82. 82
16. 49
4.42
16. 69
2. 72
0
0
40. 65
1. 85
160.18
160.15
.03
. 56
0
56
0
5. 61

$69.12
56.78
12. 34
138. 92
29.68
2. 40
24. 58
8.15
0
0
68. 40
5. 71

$78. 09
76. 83
1 . 26
154. 72
35. 83
5. 55
32. 53
6. 04
0
0
73. 38
1. 39

4

12
25
37
17
35
3.02
3.25
21
$116. 12
100. 96
15.16
213. 85
43. 00
11. 99
40. 35
6. 74
0
0
107.10
4. 67

0
6
0
$46. 68
34.58
12.10
0
67. 08
17.08
3. 54
14. 36
3. 02
0
0
28. 29
.7 9
184. 09
182. 47
1. 62
2. 14
0
2.14
0
5. 74
2
7
15
32
12
22

2. 21
2. 73
13
$144. 28
106.87
37. 41
207.34
52.80
10.95
44.39
9. 33
0
o
87.44
2.43

1The total number of families surveyed includes those in each of the 4 subgroups shown in this table
(h e. home owners, house renters, apartment renters with heat included in rent, and apartment renters
with heat not included in rent) and also families who changed their housing status during the year for
whom no separate subgroup is shown.
Notes on this table are in appendix A, p 382.




251

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

10.— Housing expenditures, by economic level— Continued
C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed

Item

H o u s i n g E x p e n d i t u r e s — C on tin u ed
I I . F a m ilies w h o ow n ed th eir p rin cip al h o m e for 12
m o n th s— C o n tin u ed .
A verage estim a te d an n u al ren ta l v a lu e _____________
A verage im p u ted in com e from e q u ity in ow n ed
p rin cip al h o m e _____________________________________
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g u n it-- _ __
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
L ess th a n 4 roo m s__________ ______ _________ __
4 ro om s_ _- _ - _______ _____ ___ ________________
__ _ _ __ __ _
5 ro o m s________ ____________ _
6 ro o m s__________________ ________ - _______ __
7 room s or m ore____ _______ _______________ ______
I I I . F am ilies w h o ren ted h ou se for 12 m o n t h s ______
A vera g e n u m b er of p erson s in econ om ic fa m ily .
A v e r a g e n u m b er of p ersons in h o u se h o ld ._________
A verage exp en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al hom e,
to ta l_________________ ___ .
________________
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) ___ ____'_ _
R ep airs b y te n a n t__________________________________
A verage m o n th ly ren tal rate__ _ - _ _ _________
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g u n it- ___ . .
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
L ess th a n 4 r o o m s ___ __ ______ _
- _____
4 r o o m s.- __________________________________________
_ - ____
5 room s _________
6 roo m s__________ _ ______________ ___ ___ - ___
7 room s or m ore__________________ ______ ___________
I V . F am ilies w ho ren ted ap artm en t for 12 m o n th s,
w ith h eat in clu d ed in r e n t 2_________ ___
_ __
V . F am ilies w h o ren ted ap artm en t for 12 m o n th s,
w ith h eat n o t in clu d ed in r e n t______ ______ __ ___
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in eco n om ic fa m ily ___
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u se h o ld ___ _____
A verage exp en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al h om e,
to ta l- _ ______ __________ - _ _ _ _ _ _
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
R ep airs b y ten a n t- ________ ________
A verage m o n th ly ren tal ra te. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g unit__ _ _ _
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
L ess th an 4 room s __ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _ _
4 r o o m s.-.
_ _
_ _____
5 r o o m s ______ ____
___
6 room s _______
_____ ________ _ _ _ _ _
7 room s or m o re____ __ _ ____________________ __

2 D e ta ile d

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per
exp en d itu re u n it per year

A ll
fam ilies

U n d er
$300

$312. 00
125. 00
6.

$300 to
$400

$249. 00
110. 00

05

6.24

0
6
20

0
2
1
6

37
29
113
3.40
3.68

7
22
4. 97
5. 32

$400 to
$600

$268. 00
113. 00
6. 04
0
0

7
4

8
22

3. 86
4.18

$232. 59
231. 74
.85
19.28
5. 54

$181. 89
181. 89
15.13
5.59

$210. 21
210. 21
0
17. 93
5. 52

2

0
6

0
1

15
30
51
15

0

5
4
7

7
14

0
2

$600 and
over

$344. 00
130. 00
5.83
0

$245. 86
245. 79
.07
20. 41

$268. 93
265. 83
3.10

5. 46

5. 62

1

5
19
4
3
16
3.17
3. 45

10

50
3. 30
3. 54

9
4. 52
4. 55

3.78
4. 09

$256. 07
255. 25
. 82
21. 23
5.59

$179.87
177. 22
2. 65
15. 50
5. 34

$268. 44
268. 44
0
21. 95
6. 06

$263. 68
263. 68

1
8

0
1
6
1
1

0
1

1
2

3
4

2

0
21.68

5. 51
5
4
4

in form ation n o t p resen ted b ecau se of sm a ll n u m b er of fam ilies in th is classification .
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 382.




0
0

5
5
30
2. 44
2. 57

1

17
15
9

139. 00
6. 25

4
7
15
9
39
2. 98
3. 33

6

10

$347. 00

12

21.86

1

3
14
4

8

0

15
2. 37
2. 66
$285. 44
284. 29
1. 15
23. 69
5.50
0

4
3

6
2

252

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

able

10.— Housing expenditures, by economic level— Continued
D E T R O I T , M I C H .— W H I T E F A M I L IE S
E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp e n d in g per
e x p e n d itu r e u n it per year
Item

fam i­
lies

U n­
der
$300

$300
to
$400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$600
to
$700

$700
an d
ov er

H o u s in g E x p e n d itu r e s

122
100
75
76
124
598
101
I. A ll fam ilies in su r v e y L
________________________
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in eco n o m ic fa m ily ____ 3.66
5.79 4.69 3. 72 3.17 2.86 2. 37
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u se h o ld __________
3. 84
5.94 4. 82 3. 83 3.36 3.05 2.62
N u m b e r o f fam ilies in v e stin g in: P rin cip a l h o m e . 86
10
20
8
20
17
11
V a ca tio n h o m e ...
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
N o . o f fam ilies h a v in g current ex p en d itu re for—
O w n ed p rin cip al hom e:
34
44
29
21
28
T a x e s____________ __________________________ ______
183
27
1
0
1
1
1
2
6
A ssessm en ts_______________ _____ _________________
16
12
8
20
14
86
16
R ep airs an d r ep la c em e n ts. ____________________
8
12
14
15
20
11
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e _____________________ .
80
0
0
0
0
0
0
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e ...
____________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G round ren t______________________________________
0
23
29
16
20
13
16
In terest on m o rtg a g es___________________________
117
2
4
5
2
2
2
R efin a n cin g ch arges_____________________________
17
R e n te d p rin cip al hom e:
82
52
68
79
431
47
103
R e n t (gross ren t less co n cessio n s)______ _____
6
7
3
9
39
7
7
R ep airs b y te n a n t_______________________________
S econ d a ry h ousing:
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O w n ed v a ca tio n h o m e --------------------------------------41
2
9
6
8
R e n t on v a ca tio n or trip s_______ _ _ . . . _. 1
15
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
R e n t a t sch o o l____________________ ______ ____
P rin cip a l h o m e, to ta l______ ____________________ $19.48 $14. 06 $23. 27 $19. 31 $4.28 $50.91 $12.82
P y m t. on prin. of m ort. an d d o w n p y m t .__
17.86 13.81 22.47 15.86 3.59 45.90 12.82
.69
5.01 0
Im p r o v e m en ts on h o m e .__ ______ __
_____
.25
1. 62
.80 3.45
0
0
0
0
0
0
V a ca tio n h o m e _____________________ __
__ . 0
A v erage current exp en d itu re for—
O w n ed p rin cip al h o m e, t o t a l . . ________ . . . _ 58. 53 57.93 64.26 72. 75 43. 65 66.88 47. 21
T a xes _______ __________________________
_____ 22.64 24.97 22.68 29.15 14. 70 28.64 17.54
.02
. 12
.38
.46
.09 0
.18
A sse ssm e n ts__________________ . . . ______ ______
6.82
R ep airs an d rep la cem en ts______________ _ .
8. 84
3. 75 16.12 11.49
5.31
7. 51
1. 27 2.16
1.21
2.59
1. 63
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e_______________________
1. 67
1.17
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e ____________ . . .
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G ro u n d r e n t__________________________________ _
0
In te re st on m o r tg a g e s.. _
_ . . . ------------ 23.68 27.11 21.92 28.17 19. 96 27. 70 19.16
.75
.91
1.52
.84 2. 27 1.66 2. 45
R efin a n cin g charges_________ . . ---------- ----------R e n te d p rin cip al h o m e, to ta l. _ ________________ 181. 61 121.50 144. 50 147. 66 214. 34 179. 79 256. 34
R e n t (gross ren t less c o n c e ssio n s)______________ 180. 87 120.56 143. 72 147.15 214. 03 179. 26 255.05
1.29
.74
.94
.78
.51
.31
.53
R ep airs b y te n a n t--------- --------- ------------------.03
2. 36 1.08
1.15 2. 73
1.39
.06
S econ d a ry h o u sin g , to ta l. _ ____________________
0
0
0
0
0
0
O w n ed v a c a tio n h o m e--------------------------------------- 0
1.34
.03
1.08 1.15 2.73
1.18
.06
R e n t on v a c a tio n or tr ip s_______________________
1.02
0
.21
0
0
0
0
R e n t a t s c h o o l__________________________________
5.64 5.54
5. 30 5.16 5. 50 4.84
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w e llin g u n it ---------5.29
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w e llin g s w ith —
6
33
4
9
8
13
L ess th a n 4 ro o m s______ ___________
_______
73
8
15
11
5
11
7
4 roo m s___ _________________________ _ _ . . . ____
57
41
26
40
21
48
219
43
5 roo m s________________________________________ _
24
23
21
23
31
35
6 roo m s___________________ _____ __________ _______
157
14
12
21
16
11
92
18
7 room s or m o r e ___________________ __ ___ ______
I I . F a m ilies w h o ow n ed th eir p rin cip al h o m e for 12
24
21
34
43
19
169
28
m o n th s— ______ __________________ __ .
__
5.72 5.19 3.77 2.96 3.05 2. 57
A verage n u m b er of persons in econ om ic fa m ily ___
4.03
5. 33 3.91
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u se h o ld __________
5.85
3.23 3. 32 3.02
4. 25
N u m b e r of fam ilies w h o in v este d d u rin g th e
10
18
19
8
11
83
17
sch ed u le year in o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e . _______
A verage am o u n t in v este d d u rin g sch ed u le year,
to ta l___________ __ _ ____________________________ $73.96 $42. 62 $67.12 $62. 72 $27. 70 $166. 96 $85. 36
P y m t. on p rin . of m ort. a n d d o w n p y m t . . _____ 69.58 41.96 64.75 60.94 24. 07 149.19 82. 07
4.38
.66
2.37
1. 78 3.63 17.77 3.29
Im p r o v e m en ts on h o m e_________. . . ___________
A verage current h o u sin g exp en d itu res on ow n ed
p rin cip al h o m e, to ta l___________________________ 196.08 155.15 183. 74 200.00 200. 56 201.49 252.40
T a x e s. _________________ _____ ____ _____ ___________ 76. 48 66.87 63. 34 81.10 70.00 84.68 97. 57
.25 0
.13
A sse ssm e n ts.. . _ _______________________________ .
.11
1.20
2.19
.53
R ep airs an d rep la cem en ts_________________________ 30.98 10.04 47.87 32.54 27. 02 21.50 42. 79
5. 78
F ire in su ran ce on h o m e___________________________
3.13
3. 77 6.01 6. 35 8.19 8. 84
0
0
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e _________________ . . .
0
0
0
0
0
G rou n d ren t___________________________________ . . .
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
In terest on m o rtgag es_____________________________ 76. 93 72. 60 62. 01 75. 51 84.19 83.56 95.63
R efin a n cin g ch arges______________________ _________
5.38
2.26
6. 75
4. 71 12.89 2. 36 5.38
i T h e to ta l n u m b er of fam ilies su rv ey ed in clu d es th ose in each of th e 4 su b g rou p s sh o w n in th is tab le
(i. e. h o m e ow n ers, h o u se ren ters, ap artm en t renters w ith h eat in clu d ed in ren t, and ap a rtm en t ren ters
w ith h ea t n o t in clu d ed in ren t) an d also fam ilies w h o ch an ged th eir h o u sin g sta tu s d u rin g th e yea r for w h o m
n o sep ara te su b grou p is sh o w n .
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 382.




253

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

10.—

H ousin g expenditures , by econom ic level—

Continued

D E T R O I T , M I C H .— W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed

Ite m

A ll
fam i­
lies

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp e n d in g per
e x p e n d itu r e u n it per yea r
Un­
der
$300

$300
to
$400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$600
to
$700

$700
an d
over

H o u s i n g E x p e n d i t u r e s — C o n tin u ed
I I . F a m ilies w h o o w n ed th eir p rin cip al h o m e for 12
m o n th s— C o n tin u ed
A verage e stim a te d a n n u a l ren ta l v a lu e . _______ __ $322. 00 $289. 00 $278.00 $305.00 $292.00 $377.00 $438.00
A verage im p u ted in co m e from e q u ity in o w n ed
p rin cip al h o m e . _ ____________ ____________ __ 126. 00 134.00 94.00 105.00 91.00 175.00 185.00
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w e llin g u n it________
6.01
6.33 5.83
5.85 5.78 6.32 6.04
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
L ess th a n 4 roo m s................. ...................... ..........—
3
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
4 room s................................................
..........................
3
0
1
1
0
0
18
5 roo m s____________________________________ ___ __
65
9
10
5
7
6
12
14
58
9
8
5
10
6 room s________________________ __ ________________
4
5
7 room s or m o re........................... __ ______________
9
11
11
50
10
22
31
III.F a m ilie s w h o ren ted h o u se for 12 m o n t h s . _____
159
27
20
26
33
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in eco n om ic fa m ily . _. 4.05
6. 31 4.99 3. 93 3. 54 2. 91 2. 53
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u se h o ld __________
4.23
6. 55 5.10 4.22 3.78 3. 07 2. 76
A verage ex p en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al h o m e,
to ta l------------------------------------------------------ --------- $237. 36 $202. 90 $216. 63 $239. 53 $251. 61 $229. 81 $279.40
R e n t (gross ren t less co n cessio n s)_____ _______ 235.81 199. 69 214. 74 238. 96 251. 04 229. 35 276. 64
R ep airs b y t e n a n t . ______ _________ ______ _ .
.57
. 57
.46
2. 76
1.55
3. 21 1.89
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l ra te________________________ 20.05 16.87 18. 48 20.03 21.17 20.05 23.40
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w e llin g u n it—
5.69 5. 65 5. 61 5.77 5.46 5.42
5. 61
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w e llin g w ith —
0
L ess th a n 4 roo m s_________________________________
0
3
1
1
0
1
2
2
0
9
3
1
1
4 r o o m s ________ ___________________________
14
16
72
5 roo m s____ _____________________ ___________ _ _
6
18
11
7
44
10
10
8
5
6 r o o m s ________________________________________ . . .
6
5
2
4
7 room s or m ore_________________ ________ . . . .
31
6
8
8
3
IV . F a m ilies w h o ren ted a p artm en t for 12 m o n th s
24
44
13
106
4
15
w ith h ea t in c lu d e d in ren t_______ _____________
6
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in eco n om ic fa m ily . _ _ 2. 62
4.83 3.04 3.15 2. 85 2. 51 2.08
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u se h o ld _________
2.74
5.49
3.14 3.16 3.02 2. 56 2.20
A verage exp en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al h om e,
to ta l_________ ______________ . . .
_ . . . $320. 46 $259. 23 $258.03 $271.12 $320. 06 $323.82 $350. 58
R e n t (gross ren t less con cessio n s)_______________ 320. 37 259. 23 258. 03 271.12 319.77 323. 64 350. 58
.29
R ep airs b y te n a n t_________ _____ __ _ _ . . .
.18 0
.09
0
0
0
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l rate_______________ . . . __
27.66 28.87 23. 72 24.08 27. 27 28.11 29.84
A verage n u m b e r of room s in d w ellin g u n it __ . . .
4. 35 3. 68 3. 68 3. 72 3.93 3.40
3. 63
N u m b e r of fam il ies liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
L ess th a n 4 roo m s________ __ ___________ _______
30
2
3
7
10
5
57
4 roo m s_________________________
. .
1
6
9
5
5
27
1
2
2
5 roo m s__________ ____________ _. __ ______ __
4
2
6
16
0
6 roo m s__________________ ______ _________ _____
3
5
0
0
0
1
1
7 room s or m o re. ________ __ _ . . . ________ . .
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
V . F am ilies w h o ren ted a p artm en t for 12 m o n th s
w ith h ea t n o t in clu d ed in r e n t . __________ . . .
24
15
28
146
18
26
35
A verage n u m b er o f p erson s in eco n o m ic fa m ily ___
2. 76 2. 51
3. 57
5. 46 4.10 3.69 3.18
A verage n u m b er o f p erson s in h o u se h o ld _______ _ 3.75
5. 46 4.27 3.80 3.28 2. 95 2.85
A verage ex p en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al h o m e,
to ta l_______________________________________________ $231. 97 $159.90'$222.48 $209. 75 $239. 67 $262. 79 $291. 74
R e n t (gross ren t less co n cessio n s)_ . . . _____. . . 230. 75 159. 90 221.86 208.59 239.42 260.87 288. 67
1.92
1.22
.62
1.16
.25
3.07
R ep airs b y te n a n t_________ ______ ______ . . . .
0
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l r a te. — _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 19. 55 13. 79 18. 65 17.84 20.04 21.70 24.64
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g u n i t ___ .
5.26 5. 52 5.88
5.28
4.97 5.20
5.01
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
0
1
5
3
0
0
L ess th a n 4 ro o m s_________ _______________ _____
1
1
2
1
20
6
10
0
4 ro o m s___ __________________ _______________________
10
12
69
7
13
19
8
5 ro o m s. ................................................ ......................................
12
41
2!
10
5
5
0 roo m s___ _________________________________________
7
5
2!
11
2
1
0
1
7 room s or m o r e . ________ _____ _______________

N o te s o n th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 382.




254

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
T

10.—

able

H ousin g expen ditu res , by econom ic level—

Ite m

H o u s in g E x p e n d itu r e s

W H IT E F A M I L IE S
G rand R a p id s, M ich .
E co n o m ic l e v e l —
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per e x p e n d it u r e
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­
lies
U n d er $400 $600
and
to
$400 $600 over

Continued

In d ia n a p o lis, In d .
E con o m ic l e v e l —
F a m ilies sp en d in g
per e x p e n d i t u r e
A ll
u n it per year
fam i­
lies
U n d er $400 $600
to
an d
$400 $600 over

I. A ll fam ilies in su r v e y 1 _______ ___________
194
86
74
34
203
75
70
58
A v . n o. of persons in eco n om ic fa m ily ____
3. 52
4. 42 3. 05 2.29 3.42
4. 27 3. 35 2. 43
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u seh o ld .
3.67
4. 57 3.17 2. 44 3. 53
4. 33 3. 48 2. 55
N u m b e r of fam ilies In v estin g in —
P rin cip a l h o m e____ ______ ________________
44
43
17
24
16
15
10
5
V acation h o m e________ __ _ __
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
N o . of fam . h a v in g cur. exp en d , for—
O w n ed p rin cip al hom e:
T a xes _________________ _________ _ _
91
16
68
22
40
35
31
15
A sse ssm e n ts____________________________
2
15
5
5
5
0
1
1
R ep airs an d r ep la c em e n ts____________
51
24
25
20
7
12
5
8
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e ______ _ _ _
37
14
39
11
15
8'
21
7
L ia b ility in su ran ce on h o m e __________
4
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
G rou n d ren t _
_______ ____
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
In terest on m ortgages _ _ _ _ _ _ . . _
21
50
19
10
45
15
25
5
R efin a n cin g ch arges_______ _ _ _ ______
4
2
1
0
0
1
3
1
R e n te d p rin cip al hom e:
R e n t (gross ren t less co n cessio n s)____
106
39
20
135
53
39
47
43
R ep a irs b y ten a n t
________________
9
4
4
1
2
3
0
3
S eco n d a ry h ousing:
O w n ed v a ca tio n h o m e _ _ _ _
3
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
R e n t on va ca tio n or trip s _ _ _ _ _ _ _
2
10
4
16
6
5
4
5
R e n t a t school _ _ ______ __
__
3
3
0
2
0
3
0
1
A v . a m t. in v ested d u rin g sch ed . y r. in
ow n ed : P rin cip a l h o m e, to ta l____ _
$22.96 $15.11 $23. 69 $41. 23 $28. 43 $16. 68 $54. 28 $12. 43
P y m t. on prin. of m ort. an d d o w n p y m t. 19. 42 12.10 21. 45 33. 51 25.09 15.35 49. 67 8.02
Im p r o v e m en ts on h o m e ..- ______ __ _ 3.54
1.33 4. 61 4. 41
3. 01 2. 24 7. 72 3.34
V a ca tio n h o m e ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
0
1.79
0
0
0
10.23 0
0
A v era g e current exp en d itu re for:
O w n ed p rin cip al h o m e, to ta l. _ _ _ ___ 68. 70 49. 96 76. 41 99. 31 47. 73 29.98 72. 71 40. 57
T a x es _______________ _ _ _ _ _ ------ 23.37 17.69 27. 80 28.10 12.17
9.55 16.63 10.17
A sse ssm e n t’ ____________ _ _ _ _ _ _
2. 22
.24
0
.82 2.16 5.90
.56
. 17
R ep a irs an d r e p la c e m e n ts.. __________ 9. 30
2. 26 20. 56 20. 21
6.74 12.20 9. 45 13. 70
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e ._ ______ ___ 2. 50
1.85 4.08
2.26
1.83 2. 69 3.78 2. 73
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e _ _____
44 0
0
0
0
0
0
16
G ro u n d ren t ___
_ __ ___ ______
0
0
0 0 0
0
0
0
0
In terest on m o r tg a g e s.__
-------------- 30. 74 21.87 31.25 52.08 18. 56 15. 88 30. 57 7.54
R efin a n cin g charges ____ _______ __
0
.31
.22
.31
.57
0
.17
1.01
R e n te d p rin cip al h om e, to ta l __ _______ 92. 56 79.91 93. 06 123.45 142. 71 125. 68 121. 56 190. 27
R e n t (gross ren t less co n cessio n s)____ 92. 27 79. 60 92. 85 123. 07 142. 59 125. 67 121.56 189. 86
R ep airs b y t e n a n t ------ --- -----------------.01
0
.41
.21
. 12
.29
.38
.31
S econ d a ry h o u sin g, to ta l ______________
.26 4.34 3.31
2. 39
.53 4. 45 2. 67 2. 54
O w n ed v a ca tio n h o m e ___ __ _ _ __
0
0
0
.08
.62 0
.13
0
R e n t on va ca tio n or trip s _ _ _ _ _ _
1.52
.26
.70
.78 2. 05
.77
.53
.89
R e n t at school .. ______________ ____
0
3. 64 1.79
1.77
3.59 0
1.37
0
A v . no. of room s in d w ellin g u n i t ________
5. 54 5. 97 6.00
5. 84
5. 87 5. 82 5. 83 5. 84
N o . o f fam . liv in g in d w ellin g s w ith —
L ess th a n 4 room s
_ _ _
_ __ _
5
2
2
6
13
4
1
1
4 room s __ _____ ______ . __ __
9
9
12
2
12
6
30
20
______ __ __ _
21
5 r o o m s . _________ __
23
16
21
12
51
18
60
22
6 r o o m s. __________ . . _ ---------------- _.
29
12
15
28
66
67
27
11
14
7 room s or m o r e .. ______________________
52
34
9
20
7
25
II. F a m ilies w h o ow n ed th eir p rin cip al
22
31
15
h o m e for 12 m o n th s . . . _______ . . . . .
39
34
14
68'
87
A v . n o . of persons in eco n om ic fa m ily .__ 3. 77
3.98 3.53
2. 35
4.81 3.10 2. 48 3. 41
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u se h o ld .
4.07 3.79 2. 76
3.97
5.11
3.17 2.70 3. 65
N o . of fam ilies w h o in v este d d u rin g th e
sch ed u le year in o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e .
15
24
44
5
41
16
15
10
A vera g e a m o u n t in v este d d u rin g sch ed u le
yea r, to ta l ._
_ . . . ____
$54. 08 $40. 30 $49.18 $123. 83 $63. 76 $53. 66 $85.00 $35. 43
P y m t. on prin. of m ort. an d d o w n p y m t. 45. 45 33. 67 44.99 105. 08 60. 42 52. 33 80. 39 31. 02
Im p ro v em en ts on h o m e .. _ _ _ _ _ _ _
1.33 4. 61 4. 41
7. 63
6.63 4.19 18. 75 3. 34
A vera g e current h o u sin g ex p en d itu res on
o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e, to ta l.__ __
151. 51 110.15 161.51 242.47 145. 24 102. 21 162. 75 176. 84
T a x es _ ____ ______ _____ _ _ _ . . . 51.01 39.00 57. 55 68. 61 40.74 32. 56 37. 56 59.31
A ssessm en ts _ . __ . _
_________
.72
0
4. 95
1.81
1.26
.67
4.70 14. 33
R ep airs an d r e p la c e m e n ts ____________ _ 20. 88 14. 86 26. 55 23. 86 39.72
7. 71 46.10 78.13
F ire in su ran ce on h o m e _
__ ._ __. _ 5. 57
4.03
5. 85 9.1 9 7.98
6. 30 8.8 0 8.74
L ia b ility insu ran ce on h o m e _ __
0
0
0
0
0
.48
1.50 0
G rou n d ren t _. _ ______ . __ _ _
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
In terest on m ortgages _ _ ____ . _ _ _ 67. 84 48. 23 66.18 126. 48 55. 42 54.14 69.03 29.16
R efin a n cin g charges
_ . _ _ . _ 1.26
2. 22
.68 0
.18
0
0
.83
1 T h e total n u m b er of fam ilies su r v e y ed in clu d es th ose in each of th e 4 su b g rou p s sh o w n in th is ta b le
(i. e. h o m e ow ners, h ou se ren ters, a p artm en t ren ters w ith h eat in clu d ed in ren t, an d a p artm en t ren ters
w ith h eat n o t in clu d ed in ren t) an d also fam ilies w h o ch an ged th eir h o u sin g sta tu s d u rin g th e year for w h o m
no sep arate su b g rou p is sh o w n .
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 382.




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

10.—

able

255

H ousin g expenditures, by econom ic level— Continued
W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
G ran d R a p id s, M ic h .-- C o n .

Item

A ll
fam i­
lies

H o u s i n g E x p e n d i t u r e s — C o n tin u ed
II. F a m ilies w h o ow n ed th eir p rin cip al
h o m e for 12 m o n th s— C o n tin u ed .
A verage estim a te d a n n u a l ren ta l v a lu e ___ $252. 00
A verage im p u ted in co m e from e q u ity in
o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e___________________ 100 00
A verage n u m b er o f room s in d w ellin g
u n it_______________________________________
6. 42
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s
w ith —
L ess th a n 4 r o o m s ,______ ________ __
1
4 r o o m s, , _______________ __________ _
2
5 room s __________ _____________ ________
14
6 room s
_______ __ _______ _
33
7 room s or m o re_________ ,_ ___ _ ___
37
III. F a m ilie s w h o ren ted h o u se for 12 m o n th s.
54
A verage n u m b er of persons in eco n om ic
fa m ily ___________________ _______ ________ 3. 46
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u se h o ld .
3. 55
A verage exp en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al
h o m e, to ta l_____________________________ $178. 51
R e n t (gross ren t less c o n c e ssio n s), ___ 177. 77
R ep airs b y te n a n t________ ________ __
.74
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l r a te ______________ 14. 82
A v erage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g
u n it __ ____________
______ _ 5. 95
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s
w ith —
L ess th a n 4 room s __ ______ ___
0
4 room s _ _ _ _ _ _
______ __
5
5 r o o m s ______
_ ___
13
6 ro o m s- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _________ __ ____
2o
7 room s or m ore__ __ _ ___________ _
13
IV . F a m ilie s w h o ren ted a p a rtm en t for 12
m o n th s w ith h eat in clu d ed in r e n t 2______
7
V . F a m ilie s w h o ren ted ap artm en t for
12 m o n th s w ith h ea t n o t in c lu d e d in
41
r e n t-. _
___
_ _ ___ ____________
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in eco n om ic
f a m ily _______ ___ ____________________
3. 28
3.40
A verage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u se h o ld .
A verage exp en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al
h o m e, to ta l _______ _______ _______ $136. 05
R e n t (gross ren t less c o n cessio n s)— __ _ 135. 92
R ep airs b y te n a n t___ __ ___________
. 13
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l r a te . ____________ 11.46
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g
u n i t ______ __ ____________________________ 4. 78
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s
w ith —
1
L ess th a n 4 ro o m s. ___________ __________
8
4 room s __ ________ __ _________________
22
5 r o o m s. _ ___ _ ___ __ __ ___
10
6 room s _ __ _ _ ____________________ _
0
7 room s or m o r e .. __________________ __

In d ia n ap o lis, In d .— iC on.

E c o n o m ic l e v e l —
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per e x p e n d it u r e
u n it per year
U n d er $400
to
$400 $600

A ll
fam i­
lies

$600
an d
over

E co n o m ic l e v e l —
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per e x p e n d it u r e
u n it per year
U n d er $400
to
$400 $600

$204.00 $276.00 $323.00 $274.00 $311.00 $250.00 $268.00
94. 00 115. 00 81.00 128. 00 209. GO 87.00 91.00
6. 46

6. 32

6. 53

5. 84

5. 54

5.97

6.00

1
2
3
13
20
27
4.18
4. 22

0
0
6
16
12
17
3.05
3.23

0
0
5
4
5
10
2. 21
2.26

1
7
20
23
17
100
3.46
3.58

0
3
9
6
4
40
4. 39
4. 52

0
4
7
12
8
30
3. 21
3. 37

1
0
4
5
5
30
2. 49
2. 53

$152. 57 $193. 66 $222. 80 $205.15 $171. 82 $212. 45 $242. 28
151. 65 192. 98 222. 45 204. 90 171. 80 212. 45 241. 48
.92
.35
.02 0
.68
.25
.80
11.95 16.08 18. 42 17. 08 14. 32 17.70 20. 12
5. 67

6. 08

6. 47

5. 42

5.60

5.47

5.1 3

0
4
7
11
5
1

0
1
3
7
6
3

0
0
3
5
2
3

4
15
35
35
11
15

3
2
11
20
4
2

0
4
13
9
4
4

1
9
11
6
3
9

18
3. 93
3.94

17
2. 96
3. 15

6
2.16
2. 45

19
3. 61
3. 78

11
4. 39
4. 58

4
3.08
3.10

4
2.00
2. 25

$134. 92 $131. 05 $153. 64 $196. 79 $187. 73 $207. 00 $211. 50
134. 79 130. 86 153. 64 196. 79 187. 73 207.00 211. 50
0
0
0
0
. 19 0
. 13
11.35 11.16 12.64 16.40 15. 64 17. 25 17. 62
4.9 4

4.84

4.1 5

5.63

5. 36

6. 25

5.75

0
5
10
3
0

1
3
8
5
0

0
0
4
2
0

1
4
3
5
6

1
3
1
3
3

0
0
1
1
2

0
1
1
1
1

2 D e ta ile d in fo rm a tio n n o t p resen ted b ecau se o f sm a ll n u m b er of fam ilies in th is classification .
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 382.




$600
an d
ov er

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

256
T

10.—

able

H ousin g expen ditu res , by econom ic level—

Item

H o u sin g

Continued
In d ia n a p o lis, In d .—
L a n sin g, M ic h .N egro fam ilies
W h ite fam ilies
E c o n o m ic le v e l —
E c o n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilies sp en d in g
F am ilies sp en d in g
A ll
A ll
p e r e x p e n d it u r e fam i­
p er e x p e n d itu r e
fam i­
u n it per year
u n it per y ea r
lies
lies
U n d er $300 $400
U n d er $400 $600
to
an d
to
an d
$300 $400 over
$400 $600 over

E x p e n d itu r es

101
I. A ll fam ilies in s u r v e y 1_______ _______ _
45
24
32
145
48
58
39
A v . n o. of p erson s in eco n o m ic fa m ily ___
3.63
4. 92 2. 96 2. 31 3. 37
3. 00 2. 39
4.33
A v erage n u m b er of p erson s in h o u se h o ld -.
3. 70
5. 00 2. 96 2. 44 3. 57
4. 47 3. 26 2. 70
N u m b e r of fam ilies in v e stin g in:
14
32
P rin c ip a l h o m e____________ __________ _
2
4
8
12
13
0
0
V a c a tio n h o m e_________________ __ ____
0
0
0
0
0
0
N o . of fam . h a v in g cur. exp en d , for—
O w n ed p rin cip a l hom e:
19
5
9
5
55
21
T a x e s ._ _ __ __ _ ____________ _________
18
16
1
4
0
1
1
0
A s s e s s m e n ts ___________________ _ . .
3
0
2
1
3
25
0
9
7
9
R ep a irs an d rep la c em e n ts_____________
12
34
11
5
4
3
14
9
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e . _______
0
0
0
0
0
0
L ia b ility in su ra n ce on h o m e __________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G ro u n d r e n t. ______ ______ _____ ____ __
15
4
8
11
3
33
14
8
In te re st on m o rtg a g es_______ _______
1
2
1
0
0
2
R e fin a n cin g c h a r g e s...
. . . ___
0
0
R e n te d p rin c ip a l hom e:
82
36
19
27
93
39
32
R e n t (gross ren t less con cession s) __ _
22
2
1
16
0
1
5
5
R ep a irs b y te n a n t__________ ______ __
6
S e c o n d a ry h ousing:
0
0
0
0
0
O w n ed va ca tio n h o m e ____ _______ _
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
0
3
3
3
R e n t on v a ca tio n or trip s___ ______ _
0
0
0
0
1
1
R e n t at sch o o l_____________________ _ .
0
0
A v . a m t. in v este d d u rin g sch ed . yr. in
$17. 44 $24.16 $15.48 $9. 45 $40.48 $33.43 $56.84 $30.85
P y m t. on prin. of m ort. and d o w n p y m t 12. 01 14. 20 12.98 8.20 34.09 33.02 42. 65 25.17
5. 43
.41 14.19 5.68
9. 96 2.50 1.25 6.39
Im p ro v em en ts on h o m e ________ _____
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
V a ca tio n h o m e ._______________ __ . . .
A vera g e current ex p en d itu re foi :
O w n ed p rin cip al h o m e, to ta l _ _____ 20. 81 18. 75 28. 65 17. 87 60.92 53. 81 56. 31 77.17
4.30 9. 62 6.53 25. 70 19.99 23. 60 36. 78
T a x e s________ ______ _________ ________ 6. 27
.18
0
0
.58
.45
.12
A s s e s s m e n t ___________ _ _ ______ __
1.20
0
3.28
4.18
5.98
0 6.12
R ep airs an d rep lacem en ts ______
5. 27 6. 72 6. 65
1.02
.66
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e ______ . . .
.9 7
2. 79 2.40 2.97
1.57 2. 71
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
L ia b ility in su ran ce on h o m e __________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G ro u n d r e n t. _
__ __ ____ . . .
9. 48
8. 30 12.08 9.19 25. 56 24. 69 22.39 30. 77
In te re st on m ortgag es ______ ____ .
.58
1.31 0
0
.38
R efin a n cin g charges______
.95 0
0
R e n te d p rin cip al h om e, to ta l __ _ ___ 113. 55 105. 73 122. 50 117.83 141.12 120. 61 154. 79 154. 79
R e n t (gross ren t less con cessio n s)____ 113. 37 105. 40 122. 50 117. 72 139. 81 119. 56 153.75 152. 76
. 18
.33
0
. 11 1.31
R ep airs b y te n a n t______ ______ _____ __
1. 05 1.04 2.03
0
0
0
2. 51
S eco n d a ry h o u sin g , to ta l_______ _____
0
1. 92 1. 25 4.92
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
O w n ed v a ca tio n h o m e . _ _ __ _ _
0
0
0
0
2. 40
R e n t on v a ca tio n or tr ip s___ __ _ __
1. 65 1. 25 4. 92
0
0
0
0
.11
.27 0
R e n t at sch o o l____ _________ ______
0
5. 22
5.04 4.97
5.49
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g u n it
5. 73
5.70 5.60 5.93
N o . of fam . liv in g in d w e llin g w ith —
10
1
4
5
9
2
4
L ess th a n 4 ro o m s. _ _________
_______
3
22
12
4 r o o m s_______________________________ __ _
3
7
14
8
3
29
12
11
6
5 ro o m s______________ _________ ______
38
16
19
3
22
6 r o o m s. _______ ______ _______ _ __ _
10
5
7
44
16
14
14
18
5
10
3
7 room s or m ore_______ _____ ___________
40
16
8
16
II. F a m ilies w ho o w n ed th eir p rin cip al
19
52
9
5
h om e for 12 m o n t h s ______ ____________
5
16
20
16
3.76
4. 35 3 0 4 2. 32
.
4.28 3.80 2.80 3. 32
A v . no. of p erson s in eco n om ic fa m ily ____
4.29 3.80 2. 82 3. 66
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u se h o ld . _ 3. 77
4.46 3 41 2. 91
.
N u m b e r of fam ilies w h o in v e ste d d uring
th e sch ed u le year in ow n ed p rin cip al
14
4
2
8
32
12
13
h o m e ________ __ ____________ ________. . .
7
A verage am o u n t in v e ste d d u rin g Sched­
u le year, to ta l_______ ________________ $90. 62 $120. 84 $74. 30 $52. 52 $75.95 $61. 83 $108.43 $54.22
P y m t. on prin. of m ort. an d d o w n pym t_ 63.86 71.02 62.30 52. 52 66. 02 61.42 86. 63 50. 53
9.93
Im p ro v em en ts on h o m e_________________ 26. 76 49.82 12.00 0
0. 41 21.80 3. 69
A verage current h o u sin g ex p en d itu res on
ow n ed p rin cip al h o m e, to ta l___ __ __ 110. 70 93.74 137. 52 114.37 164.40 151.65 158. 27 186. 46
T a x e s . ___________ ________________ _ . . . 33. 33 21. 48 46.19 41.78 69. 49 56.68 65.34 89.64
3.72
.98
0
0
1.24
A ssessm en ts________ _____________ _ ___
.36 3.59 0
R ep airs an d r e p la c e m e n ts ._______ _____ 17. 45 .20 .8 9 28. 70 0
17.07 15.29 20.16 16.20
5. 43
3.30 4.64 10. 05 6. 61
F ire in su ra n ce on h o m e ______ . . . _____
6. 30 6. 38 7.24
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
L ia b ility in su ran ce on h o m e____
G rou n d r e n t________ ______________ _ . . .
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
In terest on m o rtgag es_____ __ _ . . . ____ 50. 40 41. 50 57. 99 58. 82 68.93 70.28 62.80 73. 38
R efin a n cin g charges______________________ 3.11
6. 57 0
0
1.06
2.74
0
0
1 T h e to ta l n u m b er of fam ilies su r v e y ed in clu d es th ose in each of th e 4 su b g rou p s sh o w n in th is ta b le (i. e.
h o m e ow n ers, h ou se ren ters, a p artm en t ren ters w ith heat in clu d ed in ren t, an d ap a rtm en t ren ters w ith
h eat n o t in clu d ed in ren t) an d also fam ilies w h o ch an ged th eir h o u sin g sta tu s d u rin g th e year for w h o m no
sep arate su b g rou p is sh o w n . N o te s on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 382.




3

257

TABULAR SUMMARY
T a b le 10.— H ousin g

expen ditu res , by econom ic level— Continued
In d ia n a p o lis, In d .— N egro
fa m ilies— C o n tin u e d

Item

A ll
fam i­
lies

E c o n o m ic le v e l—
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
p e r e x p e n d it u r e
u n it per year
U nder
$300

$300
to
$400

$400
an d
over

L a n sin g, M ic h .— W h ite
fam ilies— Co n tin u e d

A ll.
fa m i­
lies

H o u s i n g E x p e n d i t u r e s — C o n tin u ed
II. F a m ilies w h o o w n ed th eir p rin cip al
h o m e for 12 m o n th s— C on tin u ed .
A verage e stim a te d a n n u a l ren ta l v a lu e . __ $168.00 $132.00 $194.00 $204.00 $324.00
A verage im p u ted in co m e from e q u ity in
o w n ed p rin cip al h o m e ___________________ 56.00 38.00 57. 00 90. 00 160.00
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g
6.00
5.67 6. 80 5. 80 6. 22
u n it_____ ________________________________
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin g s
w ith —
L ess th a n 4 roo m s_______________________
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
4
4 ro o m s___ ______ . . . ________________
0
0
6
2
1
3
10
5 roo m s___________. . . --------- -------------- 3
2
0
1
17
6 r o o m s _______ . . . ------- --------4
21
7 room s or m ore . ______________ . . . . .
8
3
1
III. F a m ilies w h o ren ted house for 12 m o n th s.
63
32
65
11
20
A verage n u m b er of persons in econ om ic
3.88
5. 29 2. 73 2. 25 3.69
f a m ily ... . . . _. ._ . . . ______ . . . _. .
A verage n u m b er of persons in h o u se h o ld . ~ 3. 98
5. 37 2. 72 2.45 3. 87
A verage exp en d itu re for ren ted p rin cip al
h om e, to ta l__________ . ______________ $130. 43 $133. 31 $139. 64 $120.78 $222. 25
R e n t (gross r en t less con cessio n s)____ __ 130.14 132.84 139. 64 120. 60 219. 76
.18 2. 49
.29
R ep airs b y te n a n t________________________
.47 0
A verage m o n th ly ren ta l r a te ______________ 10. 84 11.07 11.64 10. 05 18. 65
A verage n u m b er of room s in d w ellin g
5. 22
5. 79
55
. 6 4. 82 4.90
u n it_______________ ______________ ________
N u m b e r of fam ilies liv in g in d w ellin gs
w ith —
2
3
0
5
0
L ess th a n 4 ro o m s. .._ ______ . . . .
7
4 room s _
_ _
_ ...
. ..
15
9
5
1
19
9
3
7
20
5 r o o m s. __ _________ ________ . - - .
15
5
6ro om s___ . . . . _. . . . __ . __________
3
20
7
9
1
18
7 room s or m ore_________ ______ __ . . .
7
1
IV . F a m ilies w h o ren ted a p artm en t for
12
3
4
12 m o n th s w ith h eat in clu d ed in r e n t 2___
0
1
V . F a m ilies w h o ren ted a p artm en t for 12
4
4
7
15
m o n th s w ith h eat n o t in clu d ed in r e n t 2.

E c o n o m ic l e v e l —
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
p er e x p e n d itu r e
u n it per year
$400
to
$600

U n d er
$400

$277.00 $316.00 $391.00
125. 00 157.00 205.00
5. 75

6.28

6.75

0
2
6
5
7
30
4. 53
4. 71

0
1
4
6
5
20
3.17
3.40

0
1
0
6
9
15
2.72
2.85

$186. 61 $234. 32 $277. 42
185. 35 231.82 272. 51
1.26 2. 50 4. 91
15.50 19. 83 23. 26
5. 63

5.64

6. 31

0
2
6
3

0
1
3
5
6
4
1

0

4
8

9
9
3
2

»
7
2Detailed information not presented because of small number of families in this classification.
Notes on this table are in appendix A, p. 382.




$600
an d
over

9
5

4

258

EAST NORTH C N A R IO
E TR L, EG N
T

10.—

able

H ousin g expen ditu res , by econom ic level—
M I L W A U K E E , W IS .— W H IT E F A M I L IE S

Item

All
fami­
lies

Continued

Economic level—Families spending per expendi­
ture unit per year
Under $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700
and
$300
$400
$600
$700 over
$500

H o u s in g E x p e n d itu r es

I All families in survey 1_______ ___ ___
Av. no. of persons in economic family _
Average number of persons in household
Number of families investing in:
Principal home___________ _ _ _
Vacation home_________________ .
No. of fam. having current expenditure for—
Owned principal home:
Taxes . _ ________ _ - . _
Assessm
ents _ _ _____ ___ ____
_
Repairs and replacements. _____ ...
Fire insurance on home. _ _ _______
_
Liability insurance on home __ _ _
_ ______
Ground rent____ _
Interest on mortgages.. __ ____ _
Refinancing charges. . . _____ ____
Rented principal home:
Rent (gross rent less concessions)__ _
Repairs by tenant. _ _________
Secondary housing:
Owned vacation home___________
Rent on vacation or trips______
Rent at school... _ _ . . . _____ _

446
3.54
3. 73

42
5 72
.
5 75
.

79
4.71
4.90

116
3. 52
3 76
.

66
3.23
3 36
.

56
2 58
.
2.71

87
2 32
.
2. 53

51
0

9
0

1
1
0

13
0

7
0

4
0

7
0

119
9
70
68
2
0
77
5

1
7
2
4
8
0
0
1
3
0

22
1
1
3
1
4
0
0
1
4
1

27
1
1
3
1
5
1
0
20
1

1
7
0
1
2
9
0
0
1
1
1

1
7
3
1
3
1
0
0
0
8
1

1
9
2
1
5
12
1
0
1
1
1

325
23

24
1

57
2

88
8

49
1

39
4

68
7

1
14
2

0
0
0

0
1
0

0
4
0

0
2
1

0
2
1

1
5
0

Av. amt. invested during sched. yr. in owned:
Principal home, total______________
$27. 56 $47.15 $26.16
Pymt. on prin. of mort. and down pyrnt..
23. 05
42. 1
5 12.87
Improvements on home____
45
. 1
5 00 13. 29
.
Vacation home._ ________ .
0
0
0
Average current expenditure for—
Owned principal home, total___ . . . .
62. 65
71.03 59. 72
Taxes ... _ ______ _ _ . . . ____
_
28.15
31.38 27. 70
_
Assessm
ents _ _____________ _ _
_
.72
1 32
.
.82
Repairs and replacements.. ____
9. 30
3 99
.
9.38
Fire insurance on home___ . . . _ _
2 32
.
2.20
3 24
.
Liability insurance on home. ____
.03
0
0
_____
_ _ ____
Ground rent
0
0
0
Interest on mortgages. __
__ _ _
21.90
31.60 1 5
8. 1
Refinancing charges____ _ . _
.35
.49
0
Rented principal home, total_
_
210. 77 113. 93 192. 7
1
Rent (gross rent less concessions) ____ 210. 43 113.81 192. 42
Repairs by tenant___ _ . . . . _____
.34
.1
2
.29
Secondary housing, total _ _ . . . _____
1.45
0
.19
Owned vacation home _ ________
_
.04
0
0
Rent on vacation or trips. _______ _
.98
.1
9
0
Rent at school._ _ . ... _ ______
.43
0
0
Average number of rooms in dwelling unit__
5.29
5. 29
5 52
.
No. of fam. living in dwellings with—
Less than 4 rooms. __ ...
____
_
3
1
4
5
4 room
s
_____ _
_____
4
12
66
5 rooms. ____ ... ___________ _ _
1
1
35
177
Grooms______ ___________
103
1
3
1
5
7 room or more .. _ _ _ ______ _ _
s
_
69
12
1
0
II Families who owned their principal home
for 12 months. _ _
_ _ _ ______ _
_
118
22
1
6
Av. no. of persons in economic family__
37
. 1
6. 4
1
4. 86
Average number of persons in household__
4 03
.
6 46
.
51
. 2
Number of families who invested during the
schedule year in owned principal home...
50
9
1
1
Average amount invested during schedule
year, total_____________________ $98. 73 $123. 77 $99. 42
Pymt. on prin. of mort. and down pymt._ 81.70 110. 65 51. 70
Improvements on home__ _____ _ _ 17.03
13.12 47. 72
Average current housing expenditures on
owned principal home, total____ _
234. 02 176. 46 214.48
Taxes ... _ _____ ___ ___
_
__
104. 46
74.88 99.48
_ _
Assessm
ents____ _ _ _ _ ___ ____
2 72
.
2.15
4. 7
5
Repairs and replacements. _ _ __ _ _ 34. 94
_ _
1 47 33. 69
0.
Fire insurance on home________ _ _ _
8. 33
8. 07
7.57
Liability insurance on home. _ ______
.11
0
0
Ground rent______ ___ _______ _ _
0
0
0
Interest on mortgages _ ___ ___ _ _ 82. 40
81.39 66.47
Refinancing charges _ _ _____ _____ . 1.32
_
0
1.76

$21.13 $29. 3 $14. 48 $34. 98
4
21. 1
3 23.28 14. 48 30.96
0
6.06
0
4 02
.
0
0
0
0
53. 40 64.17 91. 05 54.15
9
23.83 27. 89 38. 3 26. 36
.38
0
1 70
.
.50
8.
5.78 1 8
0. 1 1 89 9.16
1.59
3.15 2.61
1.31
.03
0
0
.1
0
0
0
0
0
3 28. 5 14. 95
6
21.90 23. 3
. 17
. 55
.36
.47
201.17 229. 08 224. 76 263. 78
200. 60 229. 04 224. 54 263. 32
. 22
.04
.57
.46
31
. 7 22
1 42
.
13
. 5
. 1
0
0
0
. 20
.54 2 01
1.42
.68
.
2 63
.
0
.67
0
53
. 3

5 33
.

5 32
.

5. 09

7
12
5
1
30
1
6

2
1
5
24
1
5
1
0

3
1
1
1
9
1
2
1
1

1
0
12
37
1
8
1
0

27
3 52
.
3 85
.

1
7
32
. 6
3. 3
7

1
7
2 64
.
2 75
.

1
9
2. 3
1
2. 70

1
2

7

4

7

1
$61. 54 $115. 7 $47. 69 $160. 2
1
61.54 92.18 47. 69 141. 79
23. 5
3 0
0
18. 42
223. 22 249.15 299. 95 247. 93
98. 33 108. 29 126. 47 120. 70
1.63;
0
56
. 1 2.28
23. 92 41.97 62. 23 41.93
51
. 9
6.19 1 36 11.93
0.
. 14
0
0
.47
0
0
0
0
93.29 90. 57 94.10 68. 46
.72
2.13
1.18 2.16

1 T h e to ta l n u m b er of fam ilies su rv ey ed in clu d es th ose in each of th e 4 su b grou p s sh o w n in th is ta b le
(i. e., h o m e ow ners, h ou se renters, a p artm en t ren ters w ith h eat in clu d ed in ren t, an d ap a rtm en t r en te r s
w ith h eat n o t in clu d ed in ren t), an d also fam ilies w h o ch an g ed th eir h o u sin g sta tu s du rin g th e year fo r
w h o m no separate subgroup is sh o w n .
N o te s on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 382.




259

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

10.—

H ousin g expen ditu res , by econom ic level—

Continued

M I L W A U K E E , W IS — W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed

Item

All
fami­
lies

Economic level—Families spending per expendi­
ture unit per year
Under $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700
and
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700 over

H sin E en itu —Continued
ou g xp d res
II Families who owned their principal home
for 12 months—Continued.
Average estimated annual rental value___ $390. 00 $331.00 $345. 00 $388. 00 $392. 00 $442. 00 $444.00
Average imputed income from equity in
owned principal home________ . . ... 156. 00 154. 00 130.00 165.00 142. 00 142. 00 196. 00
Average number of room in dwelling unit—
s
Number of families living in dwellings
with—
Less than 4 rooms__ ______ ______
4 rooms..- ... --------------------------- _.
5 rooms___ ___ _ . .. ----------- _
6 rooms_______ . -------- --------7 room or more... _ ____ . . . _____
s
I II Families who rented house for 12 months..
Average number of persons in econom
ic
family________ _____ _ ... _ ____
Average number of persons in household__

5. 82

6.06

5. 64

5. 70

5 76
.

5.88

6.00

0
8
43
40
27
94

0
1
3
7
5
9

0
5
6
6
5
23

0
0
1
3
1
0
4
28

0
1
9
3
4
12

0
1
5
6
5
1
1

0
0
7
8
4
1
1

3.71
3.88

4.78
4.78

4.95
5. 06

3. 61
3. 87

3 25
.
3. 34

2. 64
2. 63

2.09
2 54
.

Average expenditure for rented principal
7
home, total... _. ... ___ ______ $270. 20 $175.11 $267. 5 $268.18 $297. 50 $288.18 $310. 91
Rent (gross rent less concessions)____ _ 269. 80 175.11 266. 70 267. 82 297. 50 287.45 310. 91
.87
.40
0
Repairs by tenant________________
.36
0
.73 0
Average monthly rental rate________ _ 21.45
15.00 22.15 23. 36 25.00 24.18 25.91
Average number of room in dwelling unit..
s
Number of families living in dwellings
with—
Less than 4 rooms._
... ______ _.
4 rooms.. _____ _ ______ ____ ____
5 rooms. _________ ______ ._
6 rooms___ ___ _ ... _______ . ._
7 room or more.._ ___ _____ _____
s
V Families who rented apartment for 12
months with heat included in rent___
Average number of persons in econom
ic
family . . .
________ _ ____
Average number of persons in household__

5 45
.

5.11

5 70
.

5 39
.

5.92

5.18

5.09

5
1
6
3
1
25
1
7

1
2
3
1
2

0
3
10
5
5

1
5
1
0
9
3

0
2
2
5
3

1
3
2
3
2

2
1
4
2
2

42

2

7

5

5

7

16

2.69
2. 78

3 50
.
3. 50

37
. 1
3 91
.

3.00
2 99
.

2 60
.
2 60
.

2. 43
2 66
.

2.18
2. 24

Average expenditure for rented principal
home, total_______ _ _ ____ __ $346.78 $270.00 $309. 43 $255. 50 $368. 40 $365.14 $386. 47
Rent (gross rent less concessions) ... ... 346.70 270. 00 309.43 255. 50 368. 40 365.14 386. 25
.22
0
Repairs by tenant _ _____ ___ ____
_
0
0
0
0
.08
Average monthly rental rate _________ _
29.15
22.50 25. 79 23.00 30. 70 30. 43 32. 34
Average number of room in dwelling unit...
s
Number of families living in dwellings
with—
Less than 4 rooms______ _ . . .
4 room ... ... ___ _ _ . . . . . .
s
5 rooms_______ _______ _ ___ ___
6 rooms_____ _______ . ... . .. .
7 room or more. ________________
s
V Families who rented apartment for 12
months with heat not included in rent..
Average number of persons in econom
ic
family__ _ __ _ ______ _____
_
Average number of persons in household__

3 83
.

5. 00

4 00
.

2. 60

4. 20

3.86

3. 88

1
8
10
1
1
1
2

1
0
0
0
1

3
1
2
1
0

4
0
1
0
0

1
2
2
0
0

2
3
2
0
0

7
4
4
0
1

182

12

26

5
1

3
1

2
1

41

3.44
36
. 1

5 59
.
5 59
.

4. 67
4.88

3.54
3. 80

33
. 1
3.50

2. 58
2. 72

2.44
2. 55

Average expenditure for rented principal
8
home, total____ ____ ... ______
$287. 86 $220. 75 $257. 85 $263. 34 $303. 2 $326. 69 $325. 53
Rent (gross rent less concessions)
_ 287. 27 220. 33 257. 73 262. 24 303.19 326.48 324. 63
.21
.90
.12
1.10
.09
.59
.42
Repairs by tenant_______ __ .
_.
1 27.19 27.28
Average monthly rental rate______ ...
1 . 67 21.56 21.87 25. 3
7
2 97
3.
Average number of room in dwelling unit..
s
No. of fam. living in dwellings with—
Less than 4 rooms_ ______
_
4 rooms______ _____ ______ _. . .
5 rooms________________ .
. ...
6 rooms_____ _________ _____ .
7 room or more____ _______ ... ..
s

N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 382.




5 22
.
7
3
1
87
35
22

5.17

5.00

5 41
.

2
1
3
5
1

2
3
16
3
2

1
6
26
9
9

5 06
.
1
1»
0
1'
0
7
3

5 43
.

5.15

0
4
1,
0

1
7
22

3

8

4:l

3

EAST NORTH CENTRAL R IO
EG N

260

T a ble 11.— F u el ,

light, and refrigeration expen ditu res , by econom ic level

CINCINNATI, OHIO—WHITE FAMILIES
Economic level—Families spending per expendi­
ture unit per year
Item

All
fami­
lies

Under $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700
and
$300
$400
$500
$600
$700 over

F el, L h, a dR era E en itu
u ig t n efrig tion xp d res
I. All families in survey_________ _ _ _
_ _
Number of families spending for—
Electricity_____ ________ _ ___ _
Anthracite_____ _
_____ _ ____
Bituminous coal— ___________ _ _ _
_
Coke_ ____ ____ _ __ _________
Briquets______ _____ _ _______
Wood_________________________
Fuel oil--------- -------- ----------------------Gas_ ____ __ _______ ____
_
_
Kerosene.__ __________ _ _ _ _ _
Gasoline (not for auto) _ ____________
Ice_
_
_____________________

352

31

72

88

55

42

64

336
1
7
237
33
1
10
1
330
5
2
169

31
4
25
1
0
1
0
30
0
0
23

69
1
51
7
0
1
0
68
0
0
42

83
4
65
5
1
2
1
84
0
0
48

52
4
34
5
0
2
0
50
3
1
26

40
0
22
6
0
1
0
39
0
0
12

61
4
40
9
0
3
0
59
2
1
18

Average expenditures for fuel, light, and re$90.61
frigeration, total-___ _______ _
23.64
Winter1 . . ____
.
______ ____
18.92
Spring 1 ______________________
Summer1
__________ ______ _ 20.40
27. 65
Fall1________________________
Electricity___ _. ____ _______ _ _ 24.33
6.42
Winter. __ _ _ ____ ________
Spring___ _________________
5.88
Summer___ _ _ .__ _ ___ _____
_
_
5. 75
Fall_________________________
6.28
Anthracite_
_ __ __ _____
__
2.23
W inter.___ _
_ ___________
.40
Spring. _ _ _ _ _ ______ _ ____
_
.41
Summer _ _ . ______ _ _ _ __
_
.44
Fall_________________________
.98
Bituminous coal._ _ __ _ _ _
_
_
26.69
Winter__ __________ _
_____
9.12
Spring______ _ _ _ _____
_ _
3. 62
Summer... _ _____ _ _ ______ _
_
27
. 1
Fall_________________________
11.24
Coke.____ _____ ____________
4.72
Briquets_____ _ _ _ _ _ _____
_ _
(2
)
Wood____________ _ _ ______
_
.10
Fuel oil________________________
.02
Winter._ _____
_
_ _ _ _ __ _
_ _ _
0
_______
Spring— _________ _
.01
Summer _ _ _____ _______ _
_
.01
Fall_________________________
0
Gas____ ____ ____ _ _____ _ _ _ 23.35
Winter _ _ _ _ _ _ ____ ____
_ _
6. 47
Spring______________________ _
5. 53
Summer____ _ _ _ _ _
_
5.17
Fall_________________________
6.18
Kerosene. _______
_____ _ _ _ _
_
.28
Gasoline (not for auto)_ _ _ _ _ _
_ _
_ _ (2
)
Ice___ _______ _ _ ______ _ _ _
_
8. 89
Winter___ ____ _ ______
___
.17
Spring__ __________ ________
1.74
Summer__ _ _ _. __ ___ _____
_
5.50
Fall__________ _____ _________
1.48

$87.92 $87.12 $90.74 $91.32 $81. 37 $101. 22
20.92 23.20 24. 52 19.03 22. 7 28.86
1
14.48 18. 59 18.28 23.91 17. 43 18.99
18. 36 20. 75 19.00 21.32 18.09 23. 67
34.16 24. 58 28.94 27.06 23.14 29.70
20. 78 23. 02 22. 50 24. 25 23. 85 30.42
5. 57
6.23
6. 05
6.20
6.13 7.95
4.89
5. 42
5.98
5.40
5.94 7. 39
4.82
5.31
5. 21
5.95
5 66 7. 33
.
5.50
6.06
5.84
6.12
6.12 7. 75
6. 39
.65
1.33
3.38
0
3. 67
1.36
0
.30
0
.30
.87
2 66
.
Q
1.12
0
0
.00
.14
0
.20
.75
0
1.40
2.23
.65
1.21
.83
0
1.40
29.53 25.15 29. 44 26. 30 21.52 27. 09
7. 76
9.86 10. 87
6.05
8. 08 9.88
.29
1.92
4. 05
7.85
3.04 3.32
2 35
.
3.18
2.26
2. 34 4.15
1.65
19.13 10.19 12.26 10. 75
8.06 9. 74
5 52
.
.48
2. 93
3.80
8. 28 6. 83
0
0
.02
0
0
0
.03
.08
.07
.02
.37
(?
)
0
0
0
.06
0
0
•0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.03
0
0
0
0
0
.03
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
21.35 22.86 24. 82 20. 77 21.73 26.09
6.05
6.29
5.54
6.98
6. 01 7. 28
5. 79
5.02
4.80
5.46
5 26 6.19
.
4.76
5.07
5. 38
4. 80
4. 72 5.82
6.04
5. 74
6.67
5. 41
5.74 6.80
.62
0
0
0
0
.97
0
0
0
.08
0
(2
)
9. 39
9.89
9.56 12.05
5.97 5. 78
.18
.19
.23
.11
.18
.11
1.84
1.94
1.87
2.36
1.17 1.13
5. 81
6.12
5.92
7 46
.
3.70 3.58
1.64
1.56
1 59
.
2.00
.99
.96

1 Expenditures for coke, charcoal (or briquets), wood, kerosene, and gasoline (not for auto) are included
in this total.
* Less than 0.5 cent.
Notes on this table are in appendix A, p. 383.




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

11.—

F uel , light, and refrigeration expenditures, by econom ic level—

261
Contd.

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed

Item

All
fami­
lies

Economic level—Families spending per expendi­
ture unit per year
Under $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $700
and
$300
$500
$400
$600
$700 over

F el, L h, a dR era E en itu
u ig t n efrig tion xp d res
II. Number of families in houses making payments for heat separately from rent____
115
1
0
25
30
19
9
22
Number of families spending for—
Electricity_______ _____________
25
115
1
0
30
19
9
22
Anthracite_________ ______ ____
2
1
2
1
3
3
0
3
Bituminous coal
____ _ __ _____
7
15
86
1
8
23
6
1
7
Coke___ _ _ _ ______ _ _ _____
_
_
0
5
23
6
2
4
6
Briquets _____________ __________
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
Wood_________________________
4
0
1
1
0
2
0
Fuel oil________ __ _________
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
Gas_.____ __________ ___ _
_
25
19
112
10
29
9
20
Kerosene_____ _ _________ _ _ _
_
0
3
0
0
1
0
2
Gasoline (not for auto) ______________
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
Ice____________ _ _______ ____
_
12
5
1
18
10
8
2
1
Average expenditures for fuel, light, and refrigeration, total_________________ $123. 39 $109. 63 $120. 48 $114. 28 $127.01 $130. 5 $139. 26
8
Electricity _ _. _ ________ _
_
24. 76 31.22 24.23 28. 7
30.00
1 27.87 40.85
Anthracite __ _ _ ________ ___
12.89
7. 59
0
4. 6
7
1.87
3.71
4. 82
Bituminous coal ______ ________
30. 83 32. 66 37. 7
1 47.16 35. 41 43.94
38.58
Coke___________ ____ __
__
3.99 29. 01 16.24
0
14. 68
11.47
8. 6
1
Briquets___________________ __
.02
0
0
.06
0
0
0
Wood- _________ ____________
.32
.11
0
.08
.10
0
0
Fueloil—......... ...............
.06
0
0
.20
0
0
0
_
_
Gas______ _ _ _ _____ _____ _ _ 29.38
1 27. 33 31.80 29. 4
1
30.30 30.70 28. 5
Kerosene____ ___ __________ _ _
.61
0
.44
2.82
0
0
0
Gasoline (not for auto)
______ _ _ _ (2
0
0
0
0
0
.01
)
Ice____________ ____ __________
8.49
10.85
9.27 11.15 11.79
6 49
.
.85
III. Number of families in houses not making
payments for heat separately from rent3
___
0
1
0
0
2
0
1
IV . Number of families in apartments making
payments for heat separately from rent...
22
34
20
46
20
168
26
Number of families spending for—
22
20
34
45
20
25
Electricity______ ______ ____ ___
166
2
2
Anthracite. _
_ _ _________ _
_
0
1
0
2
7
Bituminous coal ____ _______ _ _
_
42
19
1
8 ‘ 32
16
21
148
1
1
3
2
2
Coke______ _____ ____ __________
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Briquets______ _ _______ _ ____
0
2
1
Wood_________________________
0
6
1
1
1
Fueloil_____________ _ _ ______
_
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
Gas__ _____________ _________
1
9
34
25
165
46
20
1
Kerosene____ _ __________ ___ _
0
0
0
0
0
1
Gasoline (not for auto)__ _ _ ___ _
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
Ice_________ __________________
1
4
2
3
28
1
1
9
12
97
Average expenditures for fuel, light, and re­
frigeration, total _
_ ____ _
$88. 75 $79. 52 $81. 36 $89.81 $94. 32 $90. 37 $97.89
3
Electricity
________ _________
2 . 09
2
19.08 19.60 21.86 23. 96 24. 5 24.59
1.91
0
.13
0
4. 98
Anthracite____ ____ _ _ ______ _
_
3. 47
1.47
30. 36 28. 38 31.74 25.01 29. 26 27.50
Bituminous coal __ _
29. 05
4. 33 3.09
.90
6.06
.75
0
Coke_____ _ _ _ _____ ________
2.05
Briquets _ _ _ _ _____ ____ __
_ __
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.05
.65
0
.07
.16
Wood_________________________
.15
(2)
0
0
0
0
0
Fuel oil__ ___________________
0
0
17.52 21.59 25.83 21.82 23.63 27.54
Gas _ _ ______ _________ _ _ _
_
_ _
23. 45
.72
0
0
0
0
Kerosene. ________ _ _ _ . . . ...
_
0
.08
.24
0
0
0
0
Gasoline (not for auto) _______ ____
0
.04
8. 57 9.54
8.34 10.89 10.18 14. 44
Ice_________ ___ __________ ____
10.37
V . Number of families in apartments not mak­
ing payments for heat separately from
15
12
12
1
3
1
3
66
1
rent____________________ ____
Number of families spending for—
11
1
3
1
0
1
9
9
53
Electricity____ _ ___ _______ _ _
_
_ _
9
10
13
8
9
1
50
Gas.___ ______________________
5
1
5
2
1
6
20
Ice___________________________
Average expenditures for fuel, light, and re­
1 $39. 40 $36. 09 $35. 67 $39.47 $33.54 $54.03
frigeration, total---------------------------- $40. 3
20. 34
15. 00 15. 68 20.64 18.96 20.04 25. 66
Electricity.. _ . . . . __ _____ .. _
12.88
9.00 10.19 11.79 10. 36 11.85 19.24
Gas_____
_____________ _
7.82
3.24
9. 35
1.65I 6.90
5.98
15.40
Ice---- --------- -------------------------------.80
0 1 2.23
2.401 0
0
All other fuel_______ ______ ____
1.11
2 L ess th a n 0.5 cen t.
3 D e ta ile d in form ation n o t p resen ted b ecau se of sm a ll n u m b er of fam ilies in th is classification .
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 383.




EAST NORTH CENTRAL R IO
EG N

262
T

able

11.—

F u el , light , and refrigeration expen ditu res , by econom ic level—

Contd.

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S
Economic level—Families spending
per expenditure unit per year
Item

All fami­
lies

Under
$300

$300 to
$400

$400 and
over

F u e l, L ig h t, a n d R e fr ig e r a tio n E x p e n d it u r e s

I. All families in survey_
_ _____ _ _ _____ _
_
Number of families spending for—
Electricity_ ___ _____ _ _ _ _ _ ____
_
_ _
Anthracite
_ ______
___ __________
Bituminous coal___ ____ _____ _ _ . _ __
_
Coke________________________________
Briquets. ________ _ ______- _____ _ _
_
Wood_ ________________ ___________
_
Fuel oil_____ ______ _ _ ______ ____ _
_
Gas_________________________________
Kerosene--. _ _ _ _ _______ ___ _ _ ___
_ _
Gasoline (not for auto) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Ice__________ _________________ ____
Average expenditures for fuel, light, and refrigeration,
total_______ ___ _______ ______ _
Winter L ___ _ ____ - __
Spring1
_____________ ______
Summer 1 _ ___ _
_
_ _ _ __ _. _
Fall1
_______________________________
Electricity_________ _ _ _ ______ _____
_ _
Winter. ______ _ _________ _ _ ____
Spring __ ___ - - - - - - _______ . ____
Summer______ _ _ __ _
________
Fall_____________________________
_
_
__
Anthracite ______
Winter. ___ ___ ______________ _____
Spring_______________________ _____
Summer.. _
_
__ __ __ ___ _
Fall________________________________
Bituminous coal____ _ _ ___
Winter.,
___ _ ______ _ ______ _
_
Spring___
_ - _ _ ----- -- _
Summer.. _ ____ _
__ _ ________
Fall________________________________
C ok e _ - - - - - - _____
Briquets
_ _ _ ______
_
Wood________________________________
Fueloil__ ___ - ____________ _ _
_
___
W inter.__ ___ _
__
Spring____ .
__ ______________
Summer ___
_____ _
____
Fall________________________________
Gas
-_
_ __ _____________ -_
Winter. _ _____ __
__
Spring________ ___
_________ __
Summer _
.
_ _ _______ ______
Fall________________________________
Kerosene. _ _ _ _____ _ _ ______________
_
_
Gasoline (not for auto) _ _ _ ______ ___
_
Ice. _ _
. _
_
Winter. _
_ ____ ___ _
__
Spring__ _ ____ ___ _ _ _______ ____
_
Summer.. _ .
_ _ __________
Fall________________________________

100

36

26

38

83
2
94
0
0
7
0
67
14
1

27
0
35
0
0
1
0
19

24
1
25
0
0
1
0
2
1
2
0
26

32
1
34
0
0
5
0
27
4
0
32

$87.15
24. 34
14.22
18. 95
29. 64
1 . 75
8
5.00
4. 58
4. 22
4.95
2.83
.94
.63
.63
.63
28. 87
11.68
1.09
.42
15.68
0
0
.12
0
0
0
0
0
21.50
6.20
4.94
4. 52
5 84
.
.48
0
14. 60
.28
2.86
9.04
2 42
.

$92.14
30.20
15. 91
18. 65
27. 38
19.03
4. 99
4.56
4.54
4.94
.62
0
0
0
.62
37. 43
19.14
3. 52
.70
14.07
0
0
1.73
0
0
0
0
0
19.17
5.14
4.56
4.52
4. 95

8

1
34

92

$86. 83
27. 71
14.10
17.98
27.04
1 62
7.
4. 72
4.20
4.05
4. 65
.96
.24
.16
.16
.40
34.83
16. 91
2. 5
1
.94
14. 47
0
0
.70
0
0
0
0
0
18.09
5.07
4.15
4.00
4.87
.90
.21
13. 52
.26
2. 65
8.37
2 24
.

$80.90
27.47
12.08
16. 55
24. 80
15.30
4.22
3. 54
3.42
4.12

0
0
0
0

0
36.36
18. 32
2.46
1.56
14.02
0
0
.01
0
0
0
0
0
14.49
4.18
3.15
3. 07
4.09
1.38
.57
12. 79
.24
2.51
7.92
2.12

.7 0

0
13.46
.26
2.64

8. 33

2.23

1
E x p en d itu res for coke, charcoal (or b riq u ets), w ood , kerosen e, an d gasolin e (n ot for au to) are in clu d ed
in th is to ta l.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p . 383.




263

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

1 1 . — F u e l , lig h t a n d r e fr ig e r a t i o n e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Contd.

C I N C I N N A T I , O H IO — N E G R O F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed

Ite m

F u e l, L ig h t, a n d R efr ig er a tio n E x p e n d itu r e s
II. N u m b e r of fam ilies in h o u ses m ak in g p a y m e n ts for
h eat sep a ra tely from r e n t__________ ________________
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
E le c tr ic ity ___________________________ _______________
A n th ra cite
_ ___ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __________
B itu m in o u s coal__ _____________ __ _ _ _______ ___
__
C o k e . __________________ ________________
B r iq u e ts___ _______________________ ______ ______
W o o d ___________________________________________________
F u el o il_________________________________________________
G as _______ ______ ___
___ _________ __ .
K ero sen e________________________ ___ _______ _ ___
G asolin e (n ot for au to) _______________ ________ __
I c e _________________ ________ __ ________________ __
A verage ex p en d itu res for fuel, ligh t, an d refrigeration,
to ta l--. - _ __________ _____ __ ___ __ _-E le c tr ic ity ____ _____________ _____ __ ______ _ _
A n th ra cite _- _ _ _ _ _ ___ ______ _____________
B itu m in o u s coal--_ _ __ __ ___ _ _ _____________
C o k e__________ _ __________________________________
_____________
B r iq u e ts__________________________
W o o d ___________________________________________________
F u el o il_________________________________________________
_______________ ____________ ____________
G as_ _
K e r o sen e . _________ . . ________________ __________
G asolin e (n ot for au to) _ _ _ ____ ____ _______
I c e . . . __
_________________ ____________ _______
III. N u m b e r of fam ilies in h o u ses n o t m ak in g p a y m e n ts
for h ea t sep ara tely from ren t 3__ _____ ____________
IV . N u m b e r of fam ilies in a p artm en ts m ak in g p a y ­
m e n ts for h ea t sep a ra tely from ren t_________________
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
E le c tr ic ity ___ _______ ______________________ ___ A n th ra cite ___________- _____ ______________ _________
B itu m in o u s coal_____________________ ______ - ____
C o k e ________________ __ _________________________ __
B riq u ets __ _ __ __ __ __ ______ ______ ______
W o o d ___________________________________________________
F u e l o il_________ ______ __ -_
______ __
__
G as
_ -------------- _
-_ ------------------- --K erosen e _______________________ - ______ _________
____________________ __ __
G asolin e (n ot for au to)
I c e .. . -_ _______ __ - . _____________________
A verage ex p en d itu res for fuel, ligh t, an d refrigeration,
to ta l _ . -_- __ --_
__ -_ -_
_ __
E le c tr ic ity ___ _____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ _
A n th ra cite ______ __
__ __ ___ _
_____
B itu m in o u s c o a l _____ _ ___ _______ __
C oke__ __ ________________________ ___________ __
B riq u ets _______ ___ _________ _____ _______ __ _ _
W o o d ___________________________________________________
F u el o il_________________________________________________
G a s ___________ ______________________________________
K e r o s e n e ... . . . _ . . . _______ _________
____ _
G asolin e (n ot for a u t o ) ___. . . __________ ______ __
Ic e . _
_ __ _ _______________________________ _
V . N u m b e r of fam ilies in a p artm en ts n o t m a k in g p a y ­
m en ts for h eat sep ara tely fron ren t 3__ . . . _______

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re u n it per year

A ll fam i­
lies

U n d er
$300

$300 to
$400

$400 an d
over

26
23
0
26
0
0
3
0
18
3
1
23

11
9
0
11
0
0
1
0
5
2
1
11

4
4
0
4
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
4

11
10
0
11
0
0
2
0
9
1
0
8

$98. 45
21.76
0
41. 34
0
0
.39
0
19. 76
.98
.80
13. 42

$92.84
19. 68
0
42. 82
0
0
.05
0
14.10
1.61
1.87
12. 71

$94.10
20. 38
0
24.08
0
0
0
0
24.76
0
0
24.88

$105. 60
24. 32
0
46.13
0
0
.8 8
0
23. 60
.7 2
0
9.95

1
69
55
2
67
0
0
4
0
45
11
0
66

0
24
17
0
24
0
0
0
0
13
6
0
22

0
22
20
1
21
0
0
1
0
17
2
0
22

1
23
18
1
22
0
0
3
0
15
3
0
22

$84. 40
15. 74
1. 41
34. 32
0
0
.86
0
17. 48
.93
0
13. 66

$75. 91
13. 00
0
34.91
0
0
0
0
14.08
1.34
0
12.58

$85. 86
18. 47
3.33
29. 73
0
0
.14
0
20. 90
.5 6
0
12.73

$91. 83
15. 98
1.03
38.11
0
0
2. 45
0
17. 76
.84
0
15. 66

4

1

0

3

3 D e ta ile d in form ation n o t p resen ted b ecau se of sm a ll n u m b er of fam ilies in th is classification .
N o tes on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 383.

5 3 4 8 5 °— 40-




-18

264

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

T able

11*—

F u e l , lig h t , a n d r e fr ig e r a t i o n e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Contd,

C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S

A ll
fam i­
lies

Item

F u el

,

L ig h t, a n d R efr ig er a tio n

E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per exp en d itu re
u n it per yea r
U n d er $300
to
$300 $400

$400
to
$500

$500
to
$600

$600
to
$700

$700
to
$800

$800
an d
ov er

E x p e n d itu r e s

A ll fam ilies in su r v e y _______________________
66
490
35
82
83
106
44
74
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
E le c tr ic ity -______ _____ __________ ____
62
81
477
35
80
106
43
70
A n th ra cite_________________ __ ---------------2
2
1
8
1
1
1
0
B itu m in o u s co a l__________________ ________
50
84
67
37
383
69
27
49
C o k e ______________ _
__ . ___ - -14
1
1
5
2
3
1
1
B r iq u e ts---------------------------------------------------0
1
0
1
0
4
0
2
W o o d _______________________________________
2
2
4
1
2
16
3
2
F u el o il__________________________ ______ .
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
62
G a s---------------------------------- --------------------80
34
106
79
44
475
70
K er o sen e __________ __ ___________________
1
1
0
0
2
6
1
1
G a solin e (n o t for a u to )___________________
1
1
1
1
2
6
0
0
Ic e _________________ - ---------------------------44
69
88
68
361
31
25
36
A verage exp en d itu res for fu el, lig h t, an d
refrigeration, t o t a l ____ __ ___________ $108. 02 $107.35 $106.40 $111. 74 $112.89 $108. 00 $115. 20 $95. 02
W in ter 1_________________________ _____ 35.18 37.09 37.18 34. 04 36.88 35.28 36. 54 30.96
S p rin g i......... ............. ...............................
19.68 16.79 19.48 21.26 21.14 17.78 21.97 17.73
S u m m er 1_________ _____________________ 20.50 17.67 18. 78 21.37 21.78 22.54 22.27 18.12
F a ll i _____________________________________ 32.66 35.80 30.96 35.07 33.09 32. 40 34.42 28. 21
E le c tr ic ity ----------------- _•------------------------------ 25.44 23.18 23.79 24.79 25. 57 27. 37 28. 57 25. 49
W in te r ___________________________________
7.03
6.42 6.76 7.01
6.97 7.63 7.75 6. 78
S p rin g ___
______ ______ _______ - _
6.09
5.36 5.64 5.89 6.25 6.45 6.79 6.29
S u m m e r _______ _____________ _________
5. 71
5.17 5.17
5.40 5. 81 6.12 6.59 5.98
F a ll_______________________________________ 6. 61
6.23 6.22 6.49 6. 54 7.17 7.44 6.44
A n th r a c ite _________________________________
.68
.44
1.02
.97
.40
1.20
.99 0
W in te r _______ ______ __
.53 0
.25
.6 0
.23
.23
.33 0
S p rin g ----------------------------------------------------.09
0
0
0
.23
.26 0
0
S u m m e r_____________ ___________ _____
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
F a ll___________ _____ _____________________
.34
.21
.6 0
.56
.18
.40
.66 0
B itu m in o u s c o a l___________________________ 42. 52 38. 65 42.00 43.03 46.08 42.24 48.14 37.11
W in te r . ______ __ __ --------------------------- 18. 31 18.27 20.63 16. 41 20.19 17.72 19.70 16.06
S p rin g . ________________________ _____
4.97
2.92 4.98
5. 33 3.77 7.07 4.08
5.88
S u m m er____ „ _ _ ________________
1.46 3.02 3.49 5.23 4.44 2.69
3.00
0
F a ll_______________________________________ 16. 24 17. 46 14.93 17.72 17.07 15.52 16.93 14.28
C oke__ ___________________________________
.59
1.08
2.34
.95
.26 3.08 1.10
.31
B r iq u e ts—. ________________________________
.24 0
.18
0
.01
0
0
.96
W o o d __________ ___________ _ ____________
.17
.0 7
.1 0
.2 0
.1 0
.27
.1 7
.1 2
F u el oil____________________________________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
W in te r ______ ______ ____ _________________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
S p rin g —. _______ __
_________ _ ___ 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
S u m m e r _____ __________________ ________ 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
F a ll_______________________________________ 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G as___ __ _____________ ______________ ___ 26. 95 29.64 27.88 29.22 27.94 24.44 26.29 22. 87
W in te r .. _______________ _____________
8. 67 10.17 8.95 9. 68 8.88 8. 05 7.92 6.97
S p rin g_____ ________________________ _ 6.29
6.11
6.5 2 6.73 6. 93 5. 41 6.04 5. 71
S u m m er__________________________________ 4.96
4.93 5.1 0 5.16 5.18 4.7 0 5.12 4.40
F a ll_______________________________________ 7.03
8.43 7.31
7.65 6. 95 6.28 7. 21 5.79
K e r o s e n e _______
__________________
.04
.24 0
.0 4 (2)
.0 2
0
.0 2
G asolin e (n ot for a u t o ) ___________________ (2)
.01
0
.04
.01
(2)
.03 0
Ic e _________________ _____________
10.96 12.23 11. 36 12. 52 11.68 10.19 9.89 8.14
W in te r_____ ________ ____________ __ _
.21
.23
.22
.24
.22
.19
.19
.15
S p rin g___________________________
2.15
2. 40 2.23 2. 45 2.29 2.00 1.94 1 .6 0
S u m m er__________ ____ __________________
6.78
7.5 7 7.03 7.75 7.23
6. 31 6.12 5.0 4
F a ll.................. ..........................................................
1.82
2.03
1.88 2.0 8
1.94 1.69 1.64 1.35
1
E x p en d itu res for coke, charcoal (or b r iq u e ts), w oo d , kerosen e, an d gasolin e (n ot for au to) are in clu d ed
in th is to ta l.
* L ess th a n 0.5 cen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 383




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

265

1 1 . — F u e l , lig h t, a n d r e fr ig e r a t i o n e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — C ontd.

Ite m

C L E V E L A N D , O H IO — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per exp en d itu re
u n it per year
A ll
fa m i­ U n d er $300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800
to
lies
to
to
to
to
an d
$300 $400 $500 $600 $700 $800 ov er

F u e l, L ig h t, a n d R efr ig er a tio n E x p e n d itu r e s

II. N u m b e r of fam ilies in h o u ses m ak in g
p a y m e n ts for h ea t sep a ra tely from r e n t,.
187
20
37
31
32
27
25
15
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
E le c tr ic ity _________________________________
186
20
24
15
37
31
32
27
A n th ra cite _________________________________
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
18
13
175
35
24
B itu m in o u s c o a l________ __________________
29
31
25
8
1
1
1
C o k e ______________________________ _________
0
4
0
1
0
3
0
2
0
B r iq u e ts____________________________________
1
0
0
2
9
0
1
1
1
1
W o o d _______________________________________
3
0
0
0
0
F u el o il_____________________________________
0
0
0
0
15
185
19
G a s_________________________________________
37
31
31
25
27
5
1
1
1
1
1
K e ro sen e___________________________________
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
G asolin e (n ot for a u to )___________________
132
12
9
18
31
Ic e __________________________________________
23
24
15
A verage ex p en d itu res for fu el, lig h t, an d
refrigeration, to ta l______________________ $127. 46 $115. 32 $119.08 $130. 08 $137. 58 $133.85 $124.08 $131. 71
E le c tr ic ity _________________________________ 28. 22 23. 72 26.02 26.48 29. 81 32.88 28.78 30.73
.23
0
0
0
0
1.73 0
A n th ra cite_________________________________
0
B itu m in o u s c o a l__________________________ 57. 52 48. 37 53.24 60.40 63.68 59. 21 59.79 54. 30
1.64
2.75 0
C o k e _______________________________________
.53 0
6.04
1.94 1.55
4.6 7
0
.0 3 0
B r iq u e ts____________________________________
.38
0
0
0
W o o d _______________________________________
.2 7
0
.18
.23
.19
.16
.6 8
.1 9
0
0
0
0
F u el o il_____________________________________
0
0
0
0
G a s_________________________________________ 28. 58 26.96 27.60 31.42 30.85 27.25 24.98 30.83
.0 8
K ero sen e___________________________________
.04 0
. 13
.0 8
.5 6 0
.0 3
0
.0 4 0
0
0
0
0
G asolin e (n ot for a u to )___________________
(2)
Ic e __________________________________________ 10. 53 13. 44 11. 96 11.06 12.49 7.79 6.64 9.28
H I . N u m b e r of fam ilies in h ou ses n o t m a k ­
in g p a y m e n ts for h eat sep a ra tely from
2
0
1
1
1
0
r e n t 3__________________________________________
5
0
IV . N u m b e r of fam ilies in a p artm en ts m a k ­
in g p a y m e n ts for h eat sep a ra tely from
38
r en t_________________________________________
45
29
15
251
15
38
71
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
38
45
29
15
E le c tr ic ity _________________________________
251
15
38
71
0
1
0
1
1
2
2
A n th ra cite_________________________________
7
36
13
B itu m in o u s c o a l___________________________
9
33
56
38
25
210
0
1
1
1
2
1
0
6
C o k e _______________________________________
1
0
0
2
1
0
B r iq u e ts____________________________________
0
0
2
1
1
1
4
0
1
W o o d _______________________________________
10
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
F u el o il_____________________________________
0
38
38
45
29
15
15
71
G a s_________________________________________
251
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
K e ro sen e___________________________________
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
5
G asolin e (n ot for a u to )___________________
22
11
22
13
33
62
40
Ic e __________________________________________
203
A verage ex p en d itu res for fu el, lig h t, an d
refrigeration, to ta l______________________ $107. 97 $96. 73 $107.41 $106.98 $106. 21 $109. 75 $115.71 $112.42
E le c tr ic ity _________________________________ 24. 38 22. 47 23.12 23.98 24. 52 25. 66 27.39 24.78
0
.92 0
2. 82
1.54
.95
1.79
A n th ra cite _________________________________
1.17
B itu m in o u s co a l__________________________ 40.16 25. 68 38. 81 37. 87 39. 69 41.00 41.56 50.85
0
1.38 0
C o k e_______________________________________
1.79 1.27 1.19
.48
.8 8
.0 3
0
0
0
.54 0
0
B r iq u e ts____________________________________
.0 9
.1 3
.19
W o o d _______________________________________
. 17
.05
.2 2
.07 0
. 13
0
0
F u e l o il_____________________________________
0
0
0
0
0
0
G a s_________________________________________ 29.09 33.20 31.60 28. 89 28. 28 27.56 29.87 27.17
.0 5 0
0
0
0
0
0
K e ro sen e___________________________________ (2)
.09 0
.0 4
.01
.0 2
0
0
.01
G asolin e (n ot for a u to )___________________
16. 56 9.4 6
Ic e __________________________ ________________ 12. 05 10. 60 11.07 13.28 11.34 13. 22
V . N u m b e r of fam ilies in ap a rtm en ts not
m a k in g p a y m e n ts for h e a t sep ara tely
4
19
9
4
5
6
from r e n t___________________________________
47
0
N u m b e r fam ilies sp e n d in g for—
4
17
4
4
6
5
0
40
E le c tr ic ity _________________________ _____
17
4
4
3
6
5
39
0
G a s__________ _____ _________________________
4
2
3
3
6
23
0
5
I c e ...................................................................................
A verage exp en d itu res for fu el, lig h t, an d
0
$40. 36 $54. 55 $32. 65 $35. 42 $58. 07 $40.01
refrigeration, to ta l______________________ $41.16
0
18. 33 26.26 12. 95 19. 36 31.88 25. 45
E le c tr ic ity _________________________________ 22.66
0
10. 75 18.12 11.80 8. 71 21.00 10.41
G a s_________________________________________ 11.83
0
11.28 10.17 7.90 7. 35 5.1 9 4.1 5
Ic e __________________________________________
6.67
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
A ll oth er fu e l____ __________________________
2 L ess th a n 0.5 cen t.
3 D e ta ile d in form ation n o t p resen ted b ecau se of sm a ll n u m b er of fa m ilies in th is classification .
N o te s o n th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 383.




266
T

able

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
1 1 . — F u e l , lig h t, a n d r e fr ig e r a t i o n e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Contd.

C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H IT E F A M I L IE S

A ll
fam ilies

Item

F u e l, L ig h t, a n d

R e fr ig e r a tio n

E co n o m ic lev el— F a m ilies sp en d in g per
exp en d itu re u n it per year
U n d er
$300

$300 to
$400

$400 to
$600

$600 an d
over

E x p e n d itu r e s

. A ll fam ilies in s u r v e y . _______ _
_
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for:
E le c tr ic ity __ __ _ _ _ _ _______ __
A n th ra cite.
_________ . . .
B itu m in o u s coal__ . . . _ _ _ _ _ _
. ..
C o k e ______ __ . ______ ________ ___________ _
B r iq u e ts. __ ___ . ______ __ _
__ __ _
W o o d ________________________________________________
F u el o il_______ ____ ___ __ __ _ _________ _ _
G a s______ . .
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
K ero sen e_____ __ _ _
_______ _____________ _
G asolin e (n ot for a u to )___ _______ __ ___ _ _
Ice_._ _ _______ __ _ _ _______ __ _ _ __ __
A verage exp en d itu res for fuel, lig h t, an d refrigeration , to tal
___ __ _______ ___ __ __
W in ter i_ _______ _____________ _________ ___ _
S pring i
___ _______ _____________
_ -----S u m m e r 1 _______
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __.
F a ll i ______________________________________________
E le c tr ic ity __________________________________ _____ __
W in te r ___ _ _ __________ ______ __ ___ ___ _
S p rin g . ___ __
_
_ _______________________
Sum m er. _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
F a ll________________________________________________
A n th ra cite __
W in te r ___ _ _ _ _
__ _
__
___
S p rin g_____________ __ ______ _ _ _________ _
Sum m er.
______
_ _
_ _
F a ll________________________________________________
B itu m in o u s c o a l . ______ __
_ _ _ _ _ _
W in te r .
_ _
_ _
_
_ _
S p rin g . ___ _______________ _____________________
S u m m e r . __ _________________________________ _
F a ll________________________________________________
C oke_ _____
_ _ __ _ _ __ _ _
B r iq u e ts____
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _
W o o d ________________________________________________
F u el o il______________________________________________
W in te r . _ _ _ _
__
___ ___
S p rin g _______ ___________ ____________ . . . ____
S u m m e r______
__ _ _
_________ __ _ _
F a ll________________________________________________
Gas_ _ _ _ _.
______ ._ _
_. _ _
W in te r . _ _ _ _
______
S p r in g _________ __ _______ ______________________
_ _ _ __ _ _
__ _____
S u m m e r ______
F a ll________________________________________________
K e ro sen e_____________ ___ _________ __________
G asolin e (not for a u to )___ __
Ic e _________ __________________________________________
W i n t e r ____________ ______________________ ___
S p r in g ____________________________________________
S u m m e r .____________ __ _ ___ ______________ _
F a ll________________________________________________

266
255
0
244
4
0
1
0
247
7
1
190

48
46
0
46
1
0
0
0
43
2
0
44

55
52
0
51
1
0
1
0
48
4
1
49

95
89
0
87
1
0
0
0
88
0
0
63

68
68
0
60
1
0
0
0
68
1
0
34

$108.17
32. 76
21.99
21. 21
32. 21
30. 03
8.04
7.21
7.13
7. 65
0
0
0
0
0
34.94
14. 69
4. 30
1.43
14. 52
.75
0
.01
0
0
0
0
0
29. 14
9. 22
6. 66
5.66
7.60
.51
.12
12. 67
.33
3.64
6.76
1.94

$98.44
27. 63
21.65
20. 70
28. 46
23.44
6.45
5.58
5. 27
6.14
0
0
0
0
0
32.08
12. 58
5.50
1. 62
12. 38
.37
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
26. 59
8.08
5. 82
5. 36
7. 33
1.24
0
14.72
.21
4.44
8.14
1.93

$101. 30
28. 60
19. 46
20. 87
32. 37
26. 22
7.13
6.15
6. 02
6. 92
0
0
0
0
0
33. 86
13. 36
3. 72
1.17
15. 61
.62
0
.03
0
0
0
0
0
24. 62
7.09
5. 51
5.13
6. 89
1.03
.64
14.28
.26
3. 65
8.08
2.29

$107. 53
33. 32
21.11
20. 97
32.13
31.58
8. 40
7.74
7.64
7.80
0
0
0
0
0
35.89
16.14
3. 56
1.47
14. 72
.67

$121. 69
39.05
25.58
22. 21
34.85
35.60
9.40
8. 50
8.60
9.10
0
0
0
0
0
36.55
15.24
4. 98
1.47
14. 86
1.23
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
37.68
12.93
8. 86
6.47
9.42
.32
0
10. 31
.40
3.08
5. 36
1.47

0
0

0
0
0
0
0
26. 97
8.39
6.18
5. 55
6.85
0
0

12.42
.39
3.63
6. 31
2.09

1 E x p en d itu res for coke, charcoal (or b riq u ets), w ood , kerosene, an d gasolin e (n ot for au to) are in clu d ed
in th is total.
N o te s on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 383.




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

11.—

267

F u e l , lig h t, a n d r e fr ig e r a t i o n e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Contd.

C O L U M B U S , O H IO — W H IT E F A M I L I E S — C on tin u ed

A ll
fam ilies

Item

F u e l, L ig h t, a n d R efr ig er a tio n

E co n o m ic lev el— F a m ilies sp en d in g per
exp en d itu re u n it per year
U n d er
$300

$300 to
$400

$400 to
$600

$600 an d
over

E x p e n d itu r es

II. N u m b e r of fam ilies in h ou ses m ak in g p a y m en ts
for h eat sep a ra tely from ren t _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _____
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for:
E le c tr ic ity _________________________________ _ _ _
A n th ra cite__________ _____ __ _______ __
B itu m in o u s c o a l_________________________________ _
C o k e _____ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ ___ _
B r iq u e t s _________ ___________ ____________ _ ___ _
W o o d ________________________________________________
F u el o il________________ __ __________________ _____
Gas__ ____________ _______________ __ __________
K e r o sen e____________________ ______________________
G asolin e (n ot for auto)__ _ _ ___ ___ ________
Ic e _______ ________ ______ ______ __ ___ _ -------------A verage exp en d itu res for fuel, ligh t, an d refrigeration , to ta l_______ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_____
E le c tr ic ity __________ ________________ __ _________
A n th ra cite _____________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
B itu m in o u s c o a l, _ _ _ _ _ __ __________ _
C o k e _________________________________________________
B r iq u e ts . __ _______ ______________________ _____
W o o d ________________________________________________
F u e lo il.. ___ _
G a s— __________
_
------------------ ------------K e ro sen e______
____________
G a solin e (n ot for auto)_
_ _ _ _________
Ic e ________ _ .
_____ _
I II . N u m b e r of fam ilies in h o u ses n o t m ak in g p a y ­
m en ts for h eat sep a ra tely from ren t 3_ ____________
IV . N u m b e r of fam ilies in ap artm en ts m ak in g p a y ­
m en ts for h eat sep a ra tely from ren t - _ _
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for:
E le c tr ic ity ______________________ __ __ _ _ _
_ __ _ _
A n th ra cite________________ ______ __
B itu m in o u s c o a l. _____________ __ ___ __ _ _
C o k e ____ __
B r iq u e ts______________ _______ _______________ _ _
W o o d ___ ______ _______ _______________ _______
F u e lo il__________ ___________ ____________ _ _ _
Gas__ _______ _
__ _ _
K er o sen e ____
__ _
_____
_____
G asolin e (n ot for a u to )_ _
__________
Ic e _ _ _ ______ __
_
_ ____________ _ __
A verage exp en d itu res for fuel, ligh t, an d refrigera­
tion , to ta l _ _
E le c tr ic ity — _ _ _ _____________________
A n th ra cite _ _ _________________________
B itu m in o u s coal
__
______ _ _ __
C o k e ______ ___ __ ___ ______________________ _
B r iq u e ts .. ______________ ______ __________________
W o o d ________________________________________________
F u e lo il.— ________________ __ _________ _________
Gas__ _ ___ ___ _______________ __ ______________
K e r o sen e__________ ___ ____________________________
G a solin e (not for a u to )_____________________________
Ic e _______________ _______ _________________________
V . N u m b e r of fam ilies in ap artm en ts not m ak in g
p a y m e n ts for h eat sep ara tely from r e n t 3___________

195
194
0
188
4
0
1
0
188
7
1
140

38
37
0
38
0
0
0
0
35
2
0
36

39
39
0
38
1
0
1
0
35
4
1
36

68
68
0
65
1
0
0
0
67
0
0
44

50
0
47
2
0
0
0
51
1
0
24

$114. 59
32. 12
0
38. 12
.93
0
.01
0
29.98
. 71
. 18
12. 54

$103. 38
24. 38
0
35. 47
0
0
0
0
26. 60
1.55
0
15. 38

$111. 40
29. 59
0
37. 25
.88
0
.0 4
0
25. 57
1. 47
.88
15. 72

$113. 84
34.17
0
38.94
.94
0
0
0
28. 84
0
0
10. 95

$126. 57
37.18
0
39. 68
1. 67
0
0
0
37. 54
.43
0
10. 07

1
59
56
0
53
1
0
0
0
56
0
0
42

0
9
9
0
8
1
0
0
0
9
0
0
7

0
12
12
0
12
0
0
0
0
12
0
0
11

1
21
19
0
20
0
0
0
0
19
0
0
15

0
17
16
0
13
0
0
0
0
16
0
0
9

$101. 46
27. 81
0
30.00
.30
0
0
0
30. 99
0
0
12. 36

$86.58
22. 10
0
21. 30
1.99
0
0
0
29.49
0
0
11.70

$93. 81
21.92
0
32. 79
0
0
0
0
28.44
0
0
10. 66

$103.12
29. 93
0
32. 58
0
0
0
0
26.11
0
0
14. 50

$112. 69
32. 37
0
29.46
0
0
0
0
39.60
0
0
11. 26

6

1

2

3

0

3 D e ta ile d in form ation n ot p resen ted becau se of sm a ll n u m b er of fam ilies in th is classification .
N o tes on th is tab le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 383.




50

268
T

able

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION
1 1 . — F u e l , lig h t, a n d r e fr ig e r a tio n e x p e n d i t u r e s , h y e c o n o m i c level — C ontd.

D E T R O I T , M I C H .— W H I T E F A M I L I E S

Item

A ll
fam i­
lies

E co n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilies sp en d in g per ex p e n d i­
tu re u n it per year
U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to $70 d0
an
$300
$400
$500
$700
$600
over

F u e l, L ig h t, a n d R efr ig er a tio n E x p e n d itu r e s

508
75
A ll fam ilies in su r v e y _____________ __ _____
101
122
76
100
124
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp e n d in g for—
523
73
112
84
E le c tr ic ity . __
________ ________
97
63
94
16
16
A n th ra cite
________ 70
11
12
6
9
283
50
67
60
B itu m in o u s co a l___
__ . ______ - 37
30
39
187
15
25
38
41
38
C ok e
___ - -- ___
30
1
1
0
0
0
B r iq u e ts _ ____________________
- ___-0
0
12
13
91
22
18
12
14
W ood
___________________________________
3
0
1
1
0
F u e l oil .
__ _ ________________ __ - 1
0
66
510
96
110
83
63
92
G as
______ ___________ ___________
3
2
10
2
1
K ero sen e
____________________ - - ___
0
2
10
1
0
G a so lin e (n ot for a u to )______ ____
____
1
1
0
0
384
57
79
89
I c e __________ _______________________ ______
61
49
49
A verage e x p en d itu res for fu el, lig h t, an d
refrigeration , to ta l
________________ . . $114.00 $116.76 $125. 58 $121.04 $107. 44 $120. 66 $97. 65
37. 22
38.86 41.25 39. 46 34.60 38. 02 32. 61
W in te r 1
_______ ____
21.76
21.72 23.49 22.70 21.42 21.36 20. 01
S p r in g 1 _____
_
_____ ____________
21. 23
S u m m er i _ _ _____ ___________________
21.30 24.06 22.95 19.40 24. 75 16. 60
33. 79
34. 88 36. 78 35.93 32. 02 36. 53 28. 43
F a ll L _
_____________________________
26. 37
26. 59 28.20 27.15 24. 23 27. 32 25. 21
E le c tr ic ity
- - _. - ______
W in te r _ _________
______ __ _ _
7.24
7.2 0
7. 84
7. 40
6. 55
7. 37 7. 11
S p rin g __ _______
_
_________
6. 27
6. 34
6.67
6. 50
5. 83
6. 53 5.88
6.3 4
S u m m er
_ _ _ ________ __
6. 27
6. 72
6.46
5. 92
6. 54 6. 21
6. 52
6. 78
F a ll _____________________________________
6.9 7
6. 79
5. 93
6. 88 6. 01
7.0 0
A n th ra cite _____ _________ __ ___
11.22
6. 02
7. 57
8. 22
4. 34 5. 35
W in te r
_ _______ __ ______ __
2. 82
3. 95
2. 27
3.5 9
3. 33
1. 61 2.17
S p rin g
. . . __________
_________
1.26
1.92
1.00
1.30
1.44
1. 20
.7 3
. 44
1.28
S u m m er
_ __ _
_____
.2 2
.3 9
.21
. 13
.8 2
2. 48
4. 07
F a ll
_______________________________
2. 36
2. 46
3. 32
1.77
1.18
B itu m in o u s coal__ _____ __ ______ __________ 28.08
34.24 38.96 28. 36 20.28 28.68 21.15
W in ter
_____________ _____ _ _ _
13. 12
16. 71 17. 57 12. 81
9. 22 14.05 10.20
4. 46
4. 72
S p rin g
_ __________ _____
6. 02
4. 26
3. 42
4.11 4. 31
S u m m e r ..______________ _______ __ __ _.
.6 6
.3 5
1.43
.3 9
.09
1.38
.50
9.8 4
F a ll
___________________i ________
12. 46 13.94 10.90
7. 55
9.1 4 6.14
18. 94
9 .4 0 14. 37 20. 95 22. 80 24.89 19. 71
C ok e ________ __ _ _____ ________ ________
.0 2
. 13
B r iq u e ts__ __
_________ - - __________
0
0
0
0
0
.7 4
.8 0
.76
W ood
_ _ _ _________ - ____ ________
.95
.89
.61
.49
. 15
.08
_______ - ____________
F u el oil __ _____
0
. 16
0
.92 0
W in te r
______ __ _ __
. 06
.03
0
0
0
.4 6 0
S p rin g _
. _______ ______ __
.0 3
.03
0
0
0
.23 0
S u m m e r ._______ _____ _________ _ __
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.0 6
.0 2
. 16
F a ll
__________________________________
0
0
.23 0
22.82
26. 33 26.50 24. 99 20.31 22. 48 18.00
G as _____________ ______ ______________ __ . . .
W in t e r _____________ _____________________
5. 53
6. 54
6. 07
6. 44
4.82
5. 51 4 .4 0
S p rin g
. _ _ __ . _________
5. 65
6.18
6. 57
6. 56
4.93
5.49 4. 52
6.0 2
S u m m er_________ . __ _______________ __
6. 76
6. 55
7. 02
5.50
5.97 4 .7 0
5.6 2
6. 46
6.1 9
F a ll_________________________________________
6. 48
5.0 6
5. 51 4.38
.2 0
.4 9
.1 2
K erosen e
_______ ____ ______ __ _ _____
.53
0
0
.1 3
G asolin e (n o t for a u to )_________ ____________
.01
.05
.0 4
.01
0
0
(2)
9. 67
7. 47 10.10 10.94 10.61 11. 42 7. 61
Ice
_ _________________ ______ __ _ . .
.1 6
.13
0
.2 6
W in te r ________ ______ ____ ____________
.21
.2 0
.1 7
1. 64
.8 2
1. 56
1.63
S p rin g_________ _ ______ __ ____________
2.1 4
2.2 6 1. 44
6. 21
S u m m er_________ ____ ________ ______ _ _
5.83
6.9 4
7.1 2
6. 36
6.7 2 4. 52
1. 66
.6 9
1.60
F a ll_________________________________________
1.90
2. 24 1.4 8
1.93
1 E x p en d itu r e s for coke, charcoal (or b r iq u e ts), w oo d , kerosene, an d gasolin e (n o t for au to ) are in clu d ed
in th is to ta l.
2 L ess th a n 0.5 cen t.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 383.
.




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

1 1 .—

269

F u e l , lig h t, a n d r e fr ig e r a t i o n e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — C ontd.

D E T R O I T , M I C H — W H I T E F A M I L I E S — C o n tin u ed
E c o n o m ic le v e l— F a m ilie s sp en d in g per ex p e n d i­
tu re u n it per year
Item

fa m i­
lies

U n d er $300 to $400 to $500 to $600 to
$300
$500
$400
$600
$700

$700
an d
over

F u e l, L ig h t, a n d R efr ig er a tio n E x p e n d itu r e s
II. N u m b e r of fam ilies in h o u ses m a k in g p a y304
48
61
m e n ts for h eat sep a ra tely from rent___ _
63
50
39
43
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
48
62
61
E le c tr ic ity ___________________________________
50
303
39
43
12
6
42
7
10
A n th ra cite____ _ _ ________ _____ _________
3
4
42
33
35
B itu m in o u s c o a l __________________ __ 180
26
20
24
7
15
24
102
C o k e _ _ ____________
_ _________
____
19
16
21
0
0
0
0
0
B r iq u e ts________________
_ ______________
0
0
6
8
10
49
11
W o o d ________________________________________
7
7
1
0
0
2
0
F u e l o il_______________________________________
1
0
43
59
62
292
49
G a s_________________________ _________
37
42
2
2
1
8
1
K ero sen e_____________ _____________ ____0
2
0
0
0
0
0
G a solin e (n o t for a u to )____ _________________
0
0
39
52
47
37
229
Ic e ______ _____ ________________________________
28
26
A verage ex p en d itu res for fu el, lig h t, and
refrigeration, to ta l. _ _________ ______ $139.84 $126. 23 $139. 81 $141. 27 $138. 87 $147. 27 $147. 50
E le c tr ic ity ________________ _ ___________ 30.78
28. 74 30. 77 29.97 30.59 33.45 32.08
6.15
6.65
14. 72
A n th ra cite_____ ______ ______________________
8. 68
12. 70
4. 51 7. 57
39. 07 44.04 36. 35 31.20 38. 39 39.02
B itu m in o u s co a l. __________
_______
38.11
22.24
17.17 27. 97 23.00 28.23 30. 62
C o k e _________________________________________
8.00
0
0
B r iq u e ts____________________________________
0
0
0
0
0
.84
1.41
W o o d _________________________________________
.48
.93
.63
.88
.6 7
.24
F u el o il_______________________________________
.1 3
0
0
0
1.76 0
27. 41
28.41 28.63 28. 75 25.78 27.40 24. 52
G a s_____________________ _______ _ _____
.41
.90
.19
K ero sen e. __ . . . _______ _______ ___ _
.7 6
.10
0
.3 8
G asolin e (n ot for a u to )_____ . . . . . . __
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11.22 10. 76 12.07
11.13
7.94
12. 65 12.64
I c e _______________________
________________
III . N u m b e r of fam ilies in h ou ses n o t m ak in g
0
0
p a y m e n ts for h ea t sep a ra tely from r e n t 3___
3
0
0
1
2
I V . N u m b e r of fam ilies in a p artm en ts m a k in g
24
44
178
33
p a y m e n ts for h eat sep a r a te ly from r e n t ...
25
21
31
N u m b er of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
24
32
43
175
E le c tr ic ity ______________ ___________________
25
20
31
5
9
28
4
2
3
5
A n th ra cite___________________________________
24
97
23
B itu m in o u s coal __ ____________ __ ____
16
9
9
16
79
9
14
8
. . . ...
18
13
17
C o k e .. ____________ 0
1
1
0
B r iq u e ts______ _____________________________
0
0
0
5
12
40
4
6
5
8
W o o d ________________________________________
1
0
0
F u el o il____ __ _ . __________. . . . . . .
1
0
0
0
174
32
21
44
Ga s ____ . . . . . . . . . ._ ___________
21
25
31
2
1
0
1
0
0
K ero sen e_______ ___________ . . .
________
0
2
1
1
G asolin e (n ot for a u to )___. . . __ . . . . . .
0
0
0
0
121
23
32
17
16
15
Ic e ____
___________________________________
18
A verage ex p en d itu res for fu el, lig h t, and
refrigeration, to ta l. ________ __________ _ $125. 23 $108.87 $117. 21 $120. 02 $132.18 $132. 21 $143.48
28. 22
24.16 26. 54 27. 62 26.03 27.29 36. 35
E le c tr ic ity ________
... ...
6. 75 11.49
8. 43
9. 73
3. 45
7. 33 9. 72
A n th ra cite___ . . ______________________
B itu m in o u s c o a l.. _
._ _ ___ _ . . .
27.95
28.45 36. 77 26.58 18. 75 25.40 29.26
24. 42
13. 39 12. 21 17.03 45. 21 36.64 31.38
C o k e . __________________ _____ __ ________
.05
0
B r iq u e ts___ _
_______ __ . . .
...
.41
0
0
0
0
1.04
1.16
W o o d ________________________________________
1.06
1.46
1.00
.98
.6 3
F u el oil
_________________________ _____
.11
0
.43
0
0
0
0
24. 72
24.05 24. 95 24.87 24.30 21.24 27. 42
G a s______ __ ______________ _______ __ . .
.02
.04
.04
0
0
0
0
K erosen e________________
.. ... ...
G asolin e (n ot for a u t o ) ________ ______
.04
.03
0
.01
0
0
0
10. 24
Ic e . __________________________________ ______
7.14
8. 96 10.80 13. 46 13.68 8. 31
V . N u m b e r of fam ilies in a p artm en ts n ot
m ak in g p a y m e n ts for h eat sep ara tely from
44
r e n t___________________________________________
105
4
6
15
23
13
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
15
1
7
8
5
39
3
E le c tr ic ity ______________________ . . ____
14
37
1
3
6
8
5
G a s______________________ __________
...
4
I c e ____________________________________________
34
1
10
6
5
8
A verage ex p en d itu res for fu el, lig h t, an d
refrigeration, to ta l________________________ $25. 91 $23.93 $40. 33 $32.37 $19.76 $33.59 $22.93
11.01
8.63
12. 61 12.90 10.49 10.63 10.77
E le c tr ic ity _______________ _ ___________ __
8. 51 5.7 0
15.44
7.03
8.45
7.73
5.86
G a s____ ______ _____ _____ ______________
Ic e ____________________________________________
4.85
3.74
3. 41
5.73 2. 81
10. 55 10.32
1.42
0
8.72 3.6 5
3.02
3.11
1.73
A ll oth er fu el________ _______________ __ _
3 D e ta ile d in form ation n o t p resen ted b ecau se of sm a ll n u m b er of fam ilies in th is classification .
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 383.




270
T

able

EAST NORTH CENTRAL REG N
IO
1 1 . — F u e l , lig h t, a n d r e fr ig e r a t io n e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Contd.

W H IT E F A M IL IE S
G rand R a p id s, M ich .

Item

F u e l, L ig h t

a n d R efr ig er a tio n

A ll
fam i­
lies

E co n o m ic l e v e l —
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per ex p en d itu re
u n it per year
U n d er $400
to
$400 $600

$600
an d
over

In d ia n ap o lis, In d .

A ll
fam i­
lies

E co n o m ic l e v e l —
F am ilies sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re
u n it per year
U n d er $400
to
$400 $600

$600
an d
over

E x p e n d itu r e s

194
I. A ll fam ilies in su r v e y _______ __ _ ___ _
86
74
75
34
70
203
58
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
72
72
83
69
E le c tr ic ity ________________________________
187
32
197
56
9
3
5
1
A n th r a c ite ______ __
__ ___
0
1
0
1
79
164
58
61
B itu m in o u s coal _ __ _
______ _ _
70
27
177
46
6
13
22
4
11
C o k e _ _ ______ ______________ _____ ______
25
6
7
0
2
B r iq u e ts ____ _____________________________
1
3
0
0
0
0
86
40
2
35
11
2
W o o d ______________________________________
5
1
2
0
1
1
0
0
_________
F u e lo il _______________ _
0
0
169
66
62
G a s . _________ _____
__ ___________
71
32
166
54
50
20
12
16
K ero sen e_________ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
5
3
29
11
2
G asolin e (n ot for au to) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
4
0
1
4
2
1
3
1
142
134
64
53
17
Ice ___ _______
_ _ _______
63
49
30
A verage ex p en d itu res for fu el, lig h t, an d
refrigeration, to ta l________________________ $121. 67 $119. 26 $125.87 $120.07 $120. 58 $116.36 $126.12 $119. 42
38.19 38. 30 39.76 34. 56 42.52 42.20 43. 66 41. 58
W in te r 1 __
_ __ _ ___ _
26. 25 25. 47 28.14 25. 43 19. 34 18. 63 20. 62 18. 70
S p rin g L __ ________________ _
22. 81 22. 81 23.48 21.46 22. 50 20. 25 25. 31 22. 06
S u m m er U __ _ _ _ _ _
F a ll i ____________________________________ 34. 42 32. 68 34.49 38. 62 36. 22 35.28 36. 53 37.08
26. 48 25. 69 26. 65 28.16 29.92 25.88 30. 42 34. 51
E le c tr ic ity . ______ ____________ _________
6. 94 6. 70 6. 96 7. 53
W in te r _ _______ _ _ _ _
_ _ _
8. 06 7.13 8. 23 9.0 5
6. 49 6. 35 6. 49 6. 88
S p rin g . __________ _ _ _ _
7.12 6.06 7.22 8. 37
6. 35 6.23
S u m m er
_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _
6. 34 6. 65
6. 89 5. 77 6.99 8. 21
F a ll______________________________________
6. 70 6. 41 6. 86 7.10
7. 85 6.92 7.98 8. 88
2. 42 1.30 4. 45
0
. 20 0
.89
A n th r a c ite .
_____
.71
1. 55
2. 97
___ ____
.89
0
W in te r .. _______ _
.59
0
0
0
.33
.2 2
.6 2 0
S p r in g . _ ___ _ ___
__
_ _ _
0
0
0
0
0
0
S u m m er
_ _ ___
___ _ _ _
0
0
0
0
0
0
. 54
.86
.49
0
.20 0.
F a ll______________________________________
0
.71
49.59 50.98 47. 49 50. 67 53.16 53. 77 53. 40 52.10
B itu m in o u s coal . _ _ _
_
_____
20. 62 22. 71 19.70 17.37 26.71 27. 61 25. 88 26.54
W in te r .. _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_______
S p rin g . __ _ __
10. 23 9.9 6 10. 47 10. 36
4. 27 4. 87 4.18 3. 59
S u m m e r . _ _ _ ________ _ _ _ _ _ _
3. 85 4. 09 3.34 4.38
3.04
1.43 4. 44 3. 44
F a ll______________________________________ 14, 89 14. 22 13. 98 18. 56 19.14 19. 86 18. 90 18. 53
5. 92 3.07 9.1 2 6.16
4. 54 2. 62 7.07
C o k e_________ ___ . __ _________ _ _ _
4. 01
B r iq u e ts ... _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
. 34
1.24
0
0
. 28 0
0
0
W o o d ______________________________________
1.74
3. 37 3. 72 3.73
.06
.09
.06
.03
.4 9
F u e lo il ____
_ ___ ___ _ ___________
.2 0
0
.09
0
0
0
0
. 10 0
.27 0
W in te r , _ _ ___ _______________ _ _
0
0
0
0
S p r in g . _______ _____________ _ ___
.04 0
. 11 0
0
0
0
0
0
S u m m er
__ __
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
.06 0
.11
.09
0
0
F a ll______________________________________
0
0
24. 08 24.80 23.89 22. 70 18. 83 17. 56 21.04 17. 82
G a s _ ______ ______ __ _ _
5. 76 5. 92 5. 61 5. 67
W in te r .. _. ___ _ ______ __
4. 87 4.64
5. 37 4. 58
S p rin g . ____________ _ ___ _______
5. 94 6.16 5. 82 5.67
4. 61 4.14
5. 27 4. 41
S u m m er _______________ __ __
6.16 6. 30 6. 22 5. 72
4. 56 4.22 5.10 4. 35
4. 79 4. 56 5.30 4. 48
6.22 6. 42 6.24 5. 64
F a ll______________________________________
K e r o sen e .. __________ ___
_____
.39
2. 88 1.95
1.50 2. 41 1.53
1.87
.51
.29 0
.32
G asolin e (n ot for au to) _ _____ _______
.43
.93
.76
.14
.32
7. 48 7.01 8.20 7.10 11. 57 12.80 12.04 9. 41
Ic e _________ __ ________
_____
W in te r .. __ __ ___ __________ ___ _ _
.04 0
.10 0
.22
.24
.23
.18
S p rin g
______ ______
______ __ _
.94
.76
.91
1.48
2. 27 2. 51 2.36
1.84
5.19 5. 61 4.13
S u m m er _________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___
5.16
7.16 7.93
7.45
5. 83
1.34 1. 06 1. 58 1.49
F a ll______________________________________
1.92 2.12 2.00
1.56
i
E x p en d itu r e s for coke, charcoal (or b riq u ets), w ood , k erosen e, an d gasolin e (n ot for au to) are in clu d ed
in th is to ta l.
N o te s on th is tab le are in a p p en d ix A , p . 383.




271

TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

1 1 . — F u e l , ligh t, a n d r e fr ig e r a t io n e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Contd.

W H IT E F A M I L IE S
G rand R a p id s, M ich .-—C on.

Item

F u e l, L ig h t, a n d R efr ig er a tio n

A ll
fam i­
lies

E c o n o m ic l e v e l —
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
per exp en d itu re
u n it per year
U n d er $400
to
$400 $600

$600
and
over

In d ia n a p o lis, In d .— C on.

A ll
fam i­
lies

E co n o m ic l e v e l —
F a m ilie s sp en d in g
p e r ex p en d itu re
u n it per year
U n d er $400
to
$400 $600

$600
an d
over

E x p e n d itu r e s

II. N u m b e r of fam ilies in houses m ak in g
63
52
23
138
p a y m e n ts for h eat sep a ra tely from rent _
61
164
60
43
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp en d in g for—
133
61
23
49
164
E le c tr ic ity .__ _ __ ________ . . . __
61
60
43
3
3
0
6
1
0
A n th r a c ite _________ . .
0
1
116
58
21
37
157
60
B itu m in o u s coal . . . . _ . . .
56
41
23
5
5
13
20
3
____ _ _
C o k e_______
10
7
1
2
1
0
B r iq u e ts .. ______. . . .
0
0
_____
0
0
33
70
28
9
2
5
2
W o o d ____ __ _ __________________ _ .
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
F u e l o i l .. ____ _
-_
0
0
52
118
22
44
Gas___ __ _ _______ - ------------------ -_ _
135
43
53
39
2
9
5
16
K ero sen e___ __________ _
_ __ _ _
29
15
12
2
0
1
5
4
4
G a solin e (not for au to) __ _ ___
2
1
1
94
47
33
14
54
Ice.
_
-__ _
_ _
117
42
21
A verage exp en d itu res for fu el, lig h t and
$124. 99 $134. 23 $138. 49 $129. 06 $120. 55 $131. 33 $138. 09
refrigeration, to ta l______________________
E le c tr ic ity _______________ __ _
___ 27. 48 26. 02 28. 22 29. 78 30. 40 25. 63 29. 82 37. 97
2. 78 1. 77 5. 23 0
. 25 0
A n th r a c ite . __
_
_ _ _
__ _
0
.96
53. 26 54. 28 49.31 59. 36 59.29 57.30 58.28 63. 56
B itu m in o u s coal___
______
7. 61 2. 92 12. 85 8.63
4. 94 2.16 7. 47 5. 41
C oke.
________ _
---__
.41
.38 0
1.40
B r iq u e ts. ______ _ __
__ _ _
0
0
0
0
4. 00 4.11
.1 2
4.79
1.90
W o o d ______________________________________
.0 9
.08
.04
0
0
0
F u el o il___________ _ _________ ______
0
0
0
0
0
25. 73 26. 09 24.94 26. 51 19.24 16. 88 21.48 19. 47
G a s________ ____________ -_- ______
.54
1.50 2. 51
.71
2. 23 3. 27 2. 28
K erosen e _ _ - ---------------- __ _
.70
.41
0
1.38
.92
G asolin e (not for a u to )_
.4 7
.48
.4 4
.08
7. 56 6.91
7. 71 8. 99 12. 14 14. 27 11.84 9. 54
I c e _______________________ _______________
I II . N u m b e r of fam ilies in h ou ses n o t m a k ­
0
in g p a y m e n ts for h eat sep a ra tely from
0
0
0
3
1
1
1
r en t3 _ _ _
I V . N u m b e r o ffa m ilie s in a p artm en ts m a k ­
in g p a y m e n ts for h eat sep a ra tely from
21
46
7
11
ren t_______ ______ ___ _________________
18
20
4
5
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp e n d in g for—
20
45
7
18
10
19
E le c tr ic ity . __
___
4
5
1
0
2
1
0
0
A n th ra cite _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
...
0
0
42
20
5
17
19
10
B itu m in o u s coal _ __ . . .
4
5
3
1
1
1
1
1
0
C ok e __
_
0
1
0
1
0
B r iq u e ts_ _
0
0
0
0
17
10
2
W o o d ______________________________________
5
0
0
0
0
2
0
1
1
F u el o i l . .
_ _
0
0
0
0
40
16
7
11
17
4
G a s. __
___
20
5
1
3
1
1
1
K erosen e
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _
5
0
0
0
G a solin e (n ot for a u to ).
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
33
16
14
14
Ice__ _
_ _ _______ -_ __ _ _
8
3
3
A v erage ex p en d itu res for fu el, lig h t, and
$106. 02 $106. 40 $104. 08 $109. 87 $118.95 $119.00 $126.94 $112. 50
refrigeration, to ta l ___ _ _ ___
E le c tr ic ity _______ . _
__ __________ 24. 33 23. 91 22.23 31.01 31.00 30. 48 34.75 29.20
4. 31
0
1.89 0
3.15
0
0
A n th r a c ite , _ _
_ __
____ _ _
0
44. 65 44.23 43.64 48. 51 52.85 48. 85 57.61 57.80
B itu m in o u s c o a l. __ _ _ ___
3. 84
2.13
.37
1. 54
0
3.2 4 5.88 0
C o k e _______ ______________________ _ . _
.2 2 0
0
1.43
0
0
B r iq u e ts
_ _ __
0
0
2.18
0
0
W o o d ______________________________________
1.95 2. 60 1.11
0
0
.44
0
2.00
F u e l o i l . . ______ _
--.
.85 0
0
0
0
20. 48 21. 75 20.74 16. 01 23. 37 24. 68 24.46 19. 64
G a s_ . __ _________________ ____ -_
0
1.82 2. 31 1.88
. 16
K erosen e __ ___ _ _
_ _
__ ___
.7 7
1.43 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G a solin e (not for a u to )._ __ __ ______
0
0
7.70
7. 76 8. 96 4.28
7. 72 7. 68 10.12 5. 86
Ice. _ _ _ _ _ _
_____
_
.
V . N u m b e r of fam ilies in a p artm en ts n ot
m a k in g p a y m e n ts for h eat sep ara tely from
1
3
3
15
2
4
ren t 3_ _________ _______ __ _ _ _ __ _.
7
3 D e ta ile d in form ation n o t p resen ted b ecause of sm a ll n u m b er of fam ilies in th is classification .
N o te s on th is ta b le are in ap p en d ix A , p. 383.




EAST NORTH CENTRAL REGION

272
T

able

11.—

F u e l , lig h t, a n d r e fr ig e r a t io n e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Contd.

L a n sin g , M ic h .W h ite fa m ilies

In d ia n a p o lis, In d .—
N eg ro fam ilies

Item

A ll
fam i­
lies

E c o n o m ic l e v e l —
F a m ilies sp en d in g
p e r e x p e n d it u r e
u n it per year
U n d e r $300
to
$300 $400

$400
an d
over

A ll
fam i­
lies

E c o n o m i c le v e l—
F a m ilies sp en d in g
p er e x p e n d itu r e
u n it per year
U n d e r $400
to
$400 $600

$600
an d
over

F u e l, L ig h t, a n d R efr ig er a tio n E x p e n d itu r e s

101
24
145
32
I. A ll fam ilies in su r v e y __________________ _ .
45
58
48
39
N u m b e r of fam ilies sp e n d in g for—
95
41
23
136
31
55
45
E le c tr ic ity _______ __ _______ ___________
36
21
0
0
7
0
0
7
A n th r a c ite . . . . . . . ____________________
7
94
44
44
22
28
95
29
B itu m in o u s coal
__ _______ . . . .
22
1
2
5
2
2
17
7
C o k e ..
_ _________________________
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
B r iq u e ts_____ ___________________________
0
11
3
48
1
19
17
7
12
W o o d . . . . . . ______ ________________
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
F u e l o i l _______ _____ _______ ____________
37
12
9
16
115
36
43
G a s_____ ______ __
. . . __________
36
40
26
20
9
11
21
2
K ero sen e__________________________________
3
1
2
6
4
1
0
2
G asolin e (n o t for a u to )-------------------------0
91
41
101
21
41
31
29
I c e ............................................. . . _____________
29
A verage ex p en d itu res for fuel, lig h t, an d
refrigeration, to ta l _ ______ __ ___________ $105. 63 $102.12 $109.41 $107. 72 $124. 25 $116. 77 $121. 79 $138.31
W in te r 1 _______________________ . . . 41.38 40.97 43. 25 40. 54 39. 30 37. 66 38. 08 43.15
S p rin g 1_______ . . . __________ ________ 17. 51 16. 73 17.76 18. 41 27.83 25.72 26.48 32.68
17.96 16. 71 18.06 19. 63 22. 44 19.14 22. 36 27. 43
S u m m er 1______________________________
28.78 27. 71 30.34 29.14 34. 68 34. 25 34. 87 35. 05
F a l l 1____________________________________
E le c tr ic ity _______________ . . . _ __ . . . _
20.17 19. 91 23. 50 18.08 24.14 22.70 24.59 25. 69
W in te r . . . . ____
_. _ . . . . . . _ _
5. 79 5.78 6.87 5. 01
6.35 5. 90 6. 40 6. 93
S p r in g ______ _____ . . . _________. . . __
4. 64 4. 60 5.11
4. 34
5.89 5. 53 5. 97 6. 32
S u m m er _ __________. . . __________ __
4. 30 4.16 4.97 4.0 0
5.63 5. 29 5. 76 5.98
F a ll______________________________________
5. 44 5.37 6.55 4.73
6. 27 5. 98 6. 46 6. 46
A n t h r a c it e _______________ __ _________
0
9. 54 5. 27 10. 64 14. 56
0
0
0
W in te r ___ __ ________ ._ _ _______
0
0
0
3.07
0
1. 35 3.70 4.86
S p r in g _______ _ . . . . . . _______ . . .
0
0
0
0
1.51
.8 7
1.78 2.13
S u m m er _____. . . . . . . . . ______
0
0
1.93 0
0
0
1.41
5. 44
F a ll______________________________________
0
0
0
0
3. 03 3.05
2.13
3.75
B itu m in o u s coal ______________ _____ 56. 86 57. 54 57.03 55. 76 43. 53 50. 31 35. 85 42. 87
W in te r .. . . . ________
30. 49 30.68 31.49 29. 46 18. 41 22. 50 15. 04 16. 45
S p r in g _____ ____ _________________
6.65 6. 98 5. 99 6. 68 10. 34 11.10 7.04 13.29
S u m m e r ____ __ __ . . . . ____
2.70 3.10 2. 34 2. 41
2. 27 2. 67 2. 59 1.28
F a ll._____________________________________ 17. 02 16.78 17. 21 17. 21 12. 51 14.04 11.18 11.85
C o k e _______ ____________ ______ ______
2.11 2. 05 2.16 2.11
9. 62 3. 56 10. 38 17. 68
B r iq u e t s _______ ____ ______ _____
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
W o o d . _ _ _ _ _ . . . _________ _____ ______
. 70 1.34
.1 4
.2 4
2.07 2.14 2. 71 1.18
F u e l o i l .. _________ _____ __ _ __
0
.1 2 0
0
0
0
.36 0
W in te r . ___________ _______ __
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
S p r in g ____ __ __ ____________ . . .
0
.1 2 0
0
0
0
.3 6 0
S u m m e r____ __________________ __ __ _
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
F a ll_____________________________________
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G a s. . . .
__ . . .
_________ __ .
9.22
5.30 11.18 13. 29 24. 83 19.43 29.15 27.51
W in te r _ __ __ ____________ __________
2. 37 1.42 2. 71 3. 46
6.03 4. 57 7. 02 6.97
S p r in g ___ __ _
._ __ _______
2. 26 1. 21 2. 92 3.25
6.12 4. 72 7. 20 6. 86
S u m m e r ___________ ______________ _
2.24
1.29 2. 84 3.13
6. 40 5.12 7.60 6.83
F a ll________ _____________________________
2. 35 1.38 2. 71 3. 45
6.28 5.02
7.33 6. 85
K erosen e________ _____________ . . . . . . _
5.17 6. 54 3.99 4.14
2. 71 6. 07
.11
.87
G a solin e (n ot for auto)__________. . .
. 12
.04
.4 0 0
.7 9
1. 60
.4 8
0
Ice__
_____ ______________ . . . _ ____
11.28 9. 40 10.91 14.20
6.90 5. 69 7. 52 7.95
W in te r . _ ____________ __ ___________
.21
.21
.18
.27
.1 4
.2 8
.0 9
.0 5
S p r in g ___________________________ ______
2. 21 1.84 2.14 2.78
.9 7
.8 2
1. 20
.92
S u m m e r -_ __ _____________ __ ______
6.99 5.82 6.75 8.79
4. 71 3.94 4.8 6 5. 66
F a ll________ ____________________ _________
1.87 1.56 1.81 2.3 6
1.08
.8 4
1.18 1.32
1 E x p en d itu res for coke, charcoal (or b r iq u e ts), w ood , k erosen e, an d gasolin e (n ot for au to) are in clu d ed
in th is to ta l.
N o te s on th is ta b le are in a p p en d ix A , p. 383.




TABULAR SUMMARY
T

able

1 1 .—

273

F u e l , lig h t , a n d r e fr ig e r a t io n e x p e n d i t u r e s , b y e c o n o m i c level — Contd.

Indianapolis, Ind.—
Negro families— Continued

Item

Lansing, M ich.—
W hite families— Continued

E c o n o m ic le v e l—
Families spending
per exp en d itu re
unit per year

All
fami­
lies

U nder
$300

E c o n o m ic le v e l—
Families spending
per e x p e n d it u r e
unit per year

All
fami­
lies

$400
and
over

$300
to
$400

U nder
$400

$400
to
$600

$600
and
over

F el, L h a dR era E en itu
u ig t, n efrig tion xp d res
II. Number of families in houses making
payments for heat separately from rent.
Number of families spending for—
Electricity_______________________________
Anthracite.. ___ ____
_
Bituminous coal
________ ___ ______
C o k e ...__________________________________
Briquets________ _ ________________
W ood______ _ _
_________
___
F u e lo il--.
____________ ___________
Gas______________________________________
Kerosene—
Gasoline (not for auto) _. _
_
. _ __
I c e ____
_______ _ _ - _ ___

80

39

16

25

120

51

38

31

76
0
80
3
0
8
0
28
31
2
72

35
0
41
2
0
5
0
10
16