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Labor and Material
Requirements for
Hospital and Nursing
Home Construction
BULLETIN 1691

U .S . D EPARTM ENT O F LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR S TA T IS T IC S







Labor and Material
Requirements for
Hospital and Nursing
Home Construction
B U L L E T IN

1691

U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F
J. D. H o d g s o n , S e c r e t a r y

L A B O R

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

1971

F o r s a le b y th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s ,




U. S.

G overn m en t

P r in t in g

O ffic e ,

W a s h in g to n ,

D. C.

- P rice

60 c e n t s




P refa ce

The

fo llo w in g

stu dy

of

la b o r

and m a t e r i a l

re q u ire m e n ts

for

h o sp ita l

c o n s t r u c t i o n i s o n e i n a s e r i e s made b y t h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s
o f v a r io u s ty p e s o f c o n s t r u c t i o n t h a t m igh t b e a f f e c t e d by f u t u r e g o v e r n ­
m en tal a c t io n .
I t i s c o m p r i s e d o f h o s p i t a l s f o r w h ic h c o n s t r u c t i o n was
c o m p l e t e d i n t h e m ain b e t w e e n 1 965 and 1 9 6 6 , and i s s i m i l a r t o an e a r l i e r
s t u d y made i n 1 9 5 9 .
O ther p u b lis h e d s t u d ie s in t h is s e r i e s in c lu d e
s c h o o l s , h ig h w a y s, F e d e r a l o f f i c e b u i l d i n g s , c i v i l w o r k s , p u b l i c h o u s in g ,
p r i v a t e o n e - f a m i l y d w e l l i n g u n i t s , c o l l e g e h o u s i n g , and s e w e r w o r k s .
C o n s i d e r a b l e t im e i s r e q u i r e d t o c o n s t r u c t h o s p i t a l s , d e s i g n and
draw s a m p l e s , o b t a i n c e r t i f i e d p a y r o l l s , t a b u l a t e m a n -h o u r s and w a g e s ,
and v i s i t a l l s u b c o n t r a c t o r s who w o r k e d on s a m p le p r o j e c t s .
N everthe­
l e s s , d a t a p r e s e n t e d h e r e i n d i c a t e t r e n d s i n l a b o r r e q u i r e m e n t s and a r e
u se fu l
tim e.

in

a n a ly z in g

changes

in

la b o r

and m a t e r i a l u s a g e

over

p e rio d s

of

The B u rea u i s e s p e c i a l l y g r a t e f u l f o r t h e a s s i s t a n c e and c o o p e r a t i o n
o f t h e P u b l i c H e a l t h S e r v i c e o f t h e D ep a rtm en t o f H e a l t h , E d u c a t i o n , and
W e lf a r e and th e D epartm en t o f H e a lth o f t h e v a r i o u s S t a t e s t h a t p r o v id e d
d a ta f o r d e te rm in in g d i r e c t la b o r re q u ire m e n ts .
The B ureau a l s o
a p p r e c i a t e s t h e c o o p e r a t i o n o f c o n s t r u c t i o n c o n t r a c t o r s who p r o v i d e d
a d d i t i o n a l d i r e c t l a b o r and m a t e r i a l s d a t a .
The s t u d y was p r e p a r e d i n t h e B u r e a u ’ s O f f i c e o f P r o d u c t i v i t y and
T ech n olog y .
The t e x t was w r i t t e n b y M arth a F a rn s w o rth R ic h e .
D ata
w ere p rep a red under
J o se p h T. F in n .




th e

d ire ct

s u p e rv is io n

of

R obert

B a ll

and




C ontents
Page
I n t r o d u c t i o n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N a t u r e o f s u r v e y ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
1

H i g h l i g h t s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Some o t h e r h i g h l i g h t s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B u i l d i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O n s i t e m a n - h o u r r e q u i r e m e n t s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------R e q u i r e m e n t s b y o c c u p a t i o n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
3
3
7
8

A p p r e n t i c e s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------G e n e r a l a n d s p e c i a l t r a d e c o n t r a c t o r s 1 s h a r e s -----------------------------------------C o s t c o m p o n e n t s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

9
9
10

D i r e c t wage

10

O ffs ite

c o s t -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

e m p l o y m e n t ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

12

B u i l d e r s ' o f f s i t e e m p l o y m e n t ------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g e m p l o y m e n t -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E m p l o y m e n t i n o t h e r i n d u s t r i e s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

13
13
14

C o n s t r u c t i o n t i m e ----------------------------------------------------------E m p l o y m e n t b y c o n s t r u c t i o n p e r i o d ---------------------------------------------------------------------

14
15

C o n s t r u c t i o n m a t e r i a l s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

15

A p p e n d ix :
S c o p e a n d m e t h o d o f s u r v e y -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S u r v e y c o v e r a g e —-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

20
20

M a n - h o u r e s t i m a t e s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

21

Tab l e s :
1.

2.

3.

M a n -h o u r s p e r 100 s q u a r e f e e t and p e r $ 1 ,0 0 0 o f c o n t r a c t
c o s t f o r h o s p i t a l c o n s t r u c t i o n --------------------------------------------------------------N u m ber a n d c o s t o f h o s p i t a l a n d n u r s i n g
p r o j e c t s , by s e le c t e d c h a r a c t e r is t ic s
O n s it e m a n -h ou r

re q u ire m e n ts

for

h om e c o n s t r u c t i o n
a n d r e g i o n ----------------------

h o s p ita l

and n u r s i n g

5.

O n s it e m a n -h ou r r e q u ir e m e n t s p e r
an d n u r s i n g home c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
M a n -h ou r r e q u ir e m e n t s p e r
c o n t r a c t , by o ccu p a tio n




23

h om e

c o n s t r u c t i o n p r o j e c t s , b y s e l e c t e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s and
r e g i o n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4.

2

24

100 sq u a re f e e t o f h o s p i t a l
b y o c c u p a t i o n a n d r e g i o n ——

25

$ 1 ,0 0 0 o f h o s p i t a l c o n s t r u c t i o n
a n d r e g i o n , 1 9 6 5 - 6 6 ---------------------------------

26

iii

C on ten ts— co n tin u e d
Page
6.

7.

A p p r e n t i c e s as a p e r c e n t o f e m p loym en t, b y o c c u p a t i o n
a n d r e g i o n -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P ercent

of

t o t a l m a n -h ou r

con tractor
8.

W ages

9.

A verage
and

as

M a n -h ou r

11.

A verage

12.

H osp ita l
square

14.

15.

a percent
o n s ite

18.

by

typ e

of

h ou rly

con tract

28

c o s t --------------------------------------------------------

e a rn in g s,

by

se le cte d

per

ch a ra cte ristics

of

co n stru ctio n

31

18

T o t a l c o s t o f m a t e r ia ls p e r 100 sq u a re f e e t . o f h o s p i t a l
c o n s t r u c t i o n , 1 9 6 5 - 6 6 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

33

T o t a l c o s t o f m a t e r ia ls p e r 100 sq u a re f e e t o f h o s p i t a l
c o n s t r u c t i o n c o n t r a c t , 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------

36

T otal

cost

co n stru ctio n
of

m a te ria l

co n stru ctio n

h o sp ita l

fe e t

c o n s t r u c t i o n u s e o f m a jo r m a t e r i a l s p e r 100
f e e t ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

o f m a te ria l

fo r

square

30

32

cost

o f weeks

100

29

c o n s t r u c t i o n ------------------------

T otal

num ber

h o sp ita l
17.

of

re q u ire m e n ts

h o sp ita l
16.

r e q u ire m e n ts ,

r e g i o n -------------------

r e g i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

10.

13.

and

27

com pon en ts
con tract,
com pon en ts
con tract,

fo r

each

$ 1 ,0 0 0

of

1 9 6 5 - 6 6 -----------------------------------------fo r

each

$ 1 ,0 0 0

39

of

1 9 5 9 - 6 0 ------------------------------------------

42

T o t a l c o s t o f m a t e r i a l s p e r 100 s q u a re f e e t o f n u r s in g
h o m e c o n s t r u c t i o n , 1 9 6 5 - 6 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

45

T o t a l c o s t o f m a t e r ia l com pon en ts f o r
n u r s i n g home c o n s t r u c t i o n c o n t r a c t ,

48

ea ch $ 1 ,0 0 0 o f
1 9 6 5 - 6 6 ---------------------------------

C harts:
1.

T o t a l m a n -h ou r
co n stru ctio n

2.

T o t a l m a n -h ou r
h o sp ita l




re q u ire m e n ts
by

sector,

re q u ire m e n ts

co n stru ctio n

by

per

100 sq u a re

1 9 5 9 -6 0
per

and

$ 1 ,0 0 0

sector,

fe e t

of

h o s p ita l

1 9 6 5 - 6 6 --------------------------------of

1 9 5 9 -6 0

con tract

cost

4

fo r

a n d 1 9 6 5 - 6 6 -------------

4

C on ten ts— co n tin u e d
Page
3.

4.

P ercent d is tr ib u tio n o f h o s p ita l co n stru ctio n co sts per
1 0 0 s q u a r e f e e t , 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 a n d 1 9 6 5 - 6 6 -----------------------------------------------P ercent

d istrib u tio n

of

o n site

m a n -h ou rs

of

con stru ctio n

la b o r f o r ea ch $ 1 ,0 0 0 o f h o s p i t a l c o n t r a c t b y d e c i l e o f
c o n s t r u c t i o n t i m e , 1 9 6 5 - 6 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------




v

11

16




LABOR AND MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR HOSPITAL AND
NURSING HOME CONSTRUCTION

I n tr o d u c tio n

H

o s p i t a l

i m p o r t a n t
( 2 )

m o r e

m o r e

f a

f r o m

s e r v i c e s
c a r e
M

H
a n d

c i l i t i e s

a s

a n d

M

o s p i t a l

$ 1

t h e

f o r

o f

t o

g r o w t h .
t o

b e

T o

t o

1 9 6 6 ,

t h e

o r

a n d

a t

P u b l i c
t o

( n e w

T h i s

c a n n o t

i n c r e a s i n g l y

i s

a d v a n c i n g ;

( 3 )

c a n

n u r s i n g

p e o p l e

p a y

f o r

a f f o r d

e x p e c t

e x p a n d e d

b e t t e r

h o m e s

$ 3

w a s

a s

a

h e a l t h

r e s u l t

o f

f a

i n c r e a s e

o f

t h e

o f

r e p o r t

t o

r o s e

e l l

t h a t

a s

b e d
t o

S t a t e

c a p a c i t y

f a

p l a n s

h o s p i t a l

m e e t

e x i s t i n g

m in im u m

c o n s t r u c ­

w i d e s p r e a d .

b y

1 0

p o p u l a t i o n
c i l i t i e s

s t a n d a r d s

o f

n e e d e d

p h y s i c a l

t h i s
t o

d e m a n d ,
r i s e

M u c h

o f
a r e

c u r r e n t

a l l e r

H
f a

l a t e

p r o j e c t s

1 9 6 0 ,

s o m e

r e q u i r e m

e n t s ,

b i l l i o n

c i l i t i e s

l a b o r

a n d

1 9 6 0 ' s .

I n

w i t h

i n s i g h t s

p r o f i t

a n d

U n i t e d

S t a t e s ,

a n d

1 9 6 6 .

i s

b a s e d

n o n p r o f i t

D a t a




t h e

m a j o r

w e r e

o n

g e n e r a l

a

a n d

t h o s e
i n t o

s u r v e y

h o s p i t a l s

p a r t

c o l l e c t e d

o f

w h o s e

f o r

6 1

h o s p i t a l

s h o u l d

g o

f a v o r

o f

a t e r i a l

a

s i m

t r e n d s

o f

c o s t s

i n

s e l e c t e d

a n d

p u b l i c

n u r s i n g

c o n s t r u c t i o n
h o s p i t a l s

c a n

f o r
a r e

l a r g e r

i c a l

t o

o p e r a t e .

r e q u i r e m e n t s

a d d i t i o n ,
o f

a n d

a c c o r d i n g

a g e n c i e s

e c o n o m

m

p u b l i c

1 9 7 8 ,

S t a t e

i n

a n d

f o r

b y

i n c r e a s e

i l l - B u r t o n

e f f i c i e n t

m e a s u r e

t h e

e x p e n d i t u r e s
$ 4

t h i s

t h e

m o r e

t o

i n

o f

a s

s m

t o

b y

i l a r

c o m p a r i n g
s t u d y

t h e s e

a n d

h o m e s
t o o k
1 2

b e

r e q u i r e ­

s u r v e y

T h i s

o f

t h a t

f o r

N a t u r e

t o

s t i l l

i l l - B u r t o n

w

o u t

f i n d i n g s

a n d

1 9 5 9

h o s p i t a l

i s

r e p o r t e d
H

t o

h o s p i t a l s ,

t h e

1 9 5 9

t h e

o n

t y p e s

S e r v i c e

u n d e r

c o n f o r m

i n

c o n s t r u c t i o n

m a d e

a l l

a s

t o

p r o f i t

1 9 6 9 .

o f

o n e - t h i r d

p r i v a t e ,

n o n r e s i d e n t i a l

p e r c e n t

o f

n e e d

d e s i g n e d

o c c u p a t i o n a l

1 / 2

a l r e a d y

H e a l t h

S e r v i c e .

c o n s t r u c t i o n

m e n t s ,

i n

c i l i t i e s

a

7

f o r m

a n d

a l l

s a f e t y .

h o s p i t a l

t h e

b i l l i o n

e x p e c t e d

e x p a n d e d )

f r o m
t h i s

o f

d e f i c i e n c i e s

p a r t

a r e

o f

h o s p i t a l s

p a t i e n t

p h a s i n g

s t u d y

v a l u e

p u b l i c

p r o p o r t i o n

i n c r e a s i n g

a b o u t

l e a s t

t h e

c o n s t r u c t i o n —

g r o w i n g

r e p l a c e d

H e a l t h

i n

p e o p l e

a n d

P u b l i c

f o r

u n d e r t a k e n

g r o w s ;

w h o

r e f l e c t e d

e x i s t i n g

o r

( 4 )

e x p e n d i t u r e s

c u r r e n t

h o s p i t a l s

e n c o u r a g i n g
o n e s

t h e

a d d i t i o n ,

m e e t

a d d i t i o n s

a

h o s p i t a l

p r o g r a m

c o n s t r u c t i o n

p o p u l a t i o n
a n d

b e c o m i n g

k n o w l e d g e

t h o s e

h o m e

t o

n o n f e d e r a l

c o v e r

I n

i s

e d i c a l

h o s p i t a l s

T h e

1 9 5 9

f o r

r e m o d e l e d

p r i v a t e

1 9 6 9 .

s u b s t a n t i a l

c o n s t r u c t i o n
p e r c e n t

E v e n
t o

n u r s i n g

i n

n e e d

e n d

r i s e .

r e p r e s e n t s

i n

f i n a n c i n g

a s

M

e d i c a i d .

b i l l i o n

t h e

( 1 )

c o m m u n i t y ;

e x p e n d i t u r e s ,

D e s p i t e
t i o n ,

c o n s t r u c t i o n

n e e d e d

a c c e s s

a n d

p e r c e n t

f r o m

a r e

i n c o m e s

h o m e

r e a s o n s :

e d i c a l

g r e a t e r

c o n s t r u c t i o n

A t

m

n o n p r o f i t —

9 1 / 2

n u r s i n g

s e v e r a l

t h e

h a v e

e d i c a r e

a n d

f o r

a n d

o b t a i n e d .

p r i v a t e

t h r o u g h o u t
p l a c e

n u r s i n g

i n

t h e

1 9 6 5

h o m e s ,

i n c l u d i n g

b o t h

o n e - f i f t h

o f

u n d e r

H

t h e

c o v e r e d

4 6

s t r u c t i o n

n e w

a l l

f a

c i l i t i e s

h o s p i t a l s

i l l - B u r t o n
g e n e r a l

t o o k

p r o g r a m

h o s p i t a l

p l a c e

a n d

a n d

i n

a d d i t i o n s .

o n e - e i g h t h
d u r i n g

t h e

p r o j e c t s ,

1 9 5 9

a n d

a l l

s a m p l e s
n u r s i n g

p e r i o d .

t h e

1 9 6 0 ,

T h e

o f

T h e

g r e a t e r

a n d

d i d

e a r l i e r

p a r t

n o t

r e p r e s e n t
h o m e s

o f

b u i l t
s t u d y

w h o s e

i n c l u d e

c o n ­

n u r s i n g

h o m e s .

T h e

s u r v e y s

m a n - h o u r s

w e r e

r e q u i r e d

d e s i g n e d

f o r

h o s p i t a l

c o n s t r u c t i o n .

f r o m

s i t e ;

e a c h

a n d

t h e

d e l i v e r

t h e

p r i m

$ 1 , 0 0 0

M a n - h o u r s

l a t t e r

c o n s t r u c t i o n

m

I n

t h a n

1 9 6 5 - 6 6 ,

e a c h
i n

1 0 0

5 0 7

1 9 5 9 - 6 0

( s e e

s t r u c t i o n

d e c r e a s e d

m a n - h o u r s

f o r

t h e

f e e t

o f

t a b l e
b y

t w o

6

p e r

( o n s i t e

b o t h

a t

a n d

r e q u i r e d

t o

p r o d u c e

o f f s i t e )

M a n - h o u r s
o r

w e r e

r e q u i r e d

a b o u t

1

h o s p i t a l

7

P e r

a s

p e r

a

o n s i t e
y e a r .

f o l l o w

$ 1 , 0 0 0

c o n s t r u c t i o n

1 0 0

o f

c o n t r a c t

P e r

1 0 0
P e r

c e n t

$ 1 , 0 0 0

P e r ­
c e n t

f e e t

5 0 7

1 7 8

C o n s t r u c t i o n ----------------------------

2 4 6

8 6

O n s i t e ------------------------------------------

2 1 7

7 6

f f s i t e ---------------------------------------

2 9

1 0

a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------

1 8 3

s e r v i c e s ----------------------------

O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------

1 0 0

2/

5 4 4

2 1 0

4 9

2 5 8

1 0 0

4 7

4 3

2 3 0

8 9

4 2

6

2 8

1 1

5

6 4

3 6

2 0 3

7 9

3 7

5 1

1 8

1 0

5 0

1 9

2 6

1 0

5

3 3

1 3

1 0 0

t r a n s p o r t a ­

t i o n

2 /

c o s t

s q u a r e

m a n - h o u r s -----------------

u p d a t e d

s :

1 /

f e e t

1 /

c o n ­
T o t a l

P e r ­

$ 1 , 0 0 0

T r a d e ,

t o

l e s s

1 9 5 9 - 6 0

P e r

M

a w a y

1 .

a n d

s q u a r e

O

o f

r e q u i r e d

p e r c e n t

f o r

p e r c e n t

d i s t r i b u t e d

f e e t

w e r e

c o n s t r u c t i o n —

1 9 6 5 - 6 6

T o t a l

f e e t

o f

s p e n t

t i m e

a n d

h o s p i t a l

1 0 ) .

s q u a r e

f o r

n u m b e r

s q u a r e

i g h l i g h t s

p e r c e n t ,

s t u d i e s

1 0 0

t h e

1 0 0

e m p l o y m e n t

T a b l e
M a n - h o u r s

d e t e r m i n e
e a c h

a t e r i a l s .

m a n - h o u r s

s q u a r e

t o

f o r

i n c l u d e

r e p r e s e n t e d

H

b u i l d

a r i l y
a n d

a n d

D u e

t o

T h e s e

r o u n d i n g ,
f i g u r e s

i n p u t - o u t p u t




d e t a i l s

w e r e

m a y

r e v i s e d

t o

m o d e l .

2

n o t

a d d

t o

2/

6

t o t a l s .

i n c o r p o r a t e

c h a n g e s

i n

9

t h e

C h a n g e s
i m p o r t a n c e
m

a t e r i a l s

a n d
1 2

r e l a t e d

c o n t a i n e d

I n

O n s i t e
t h a t
8 9

a s

f e w e r

a s

d i f f e r e n t
c h a n g e s

b e d s

( s e e

m a n - h o u r s

c h a r t

h o u r s
w e r e

o n s i t e

i n

t h e

r e l a t i v e

a n d

l o c a t i o n

d u e

t o

h o s p i t a l

h o s p i t a l s

i n

t h e

b u i l t

a n d

1 9 6 5 - 6 6

6

i n

t h e

t e c h n o l o g i c a l

y e a r s

s u r v e y

e a r l i e r

h a d
a n d

1 ) .

1 7 8

m a n - h o u r s

c o n s t r u c t i o n

w e r e

s h i f t s

t y p e ,

p r o d u c t i v i t y

i n

t h e

w e r e

f r o m

r e f l e c t
s i z e s ,

a v e r a g e

t h a n

t h e r e

c a m e

c o n s t r u c t i o n

T h e

s p a c e

v a l u e ,

r e p r e s e n t e d

S o m e

e l l

f l o o r

m a n - h o u r s

2 1 0

c h a r t

w

r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f

i m p r o v e m e n t s .
m o r e

d o l l a r

8 6

m a n - h o u r

h o s p i t a l s

u s e d

p e r c e n t

c o s t ;

i n

o f

7 6 ,

r e q u i r e d

a n d

o f f s i t e

p e r

c o n s t r u c t i o n

1 0 .

$ 1 , 0 0 0

a n d

p e r
9 2

1 1

$ 1 , 0 0 0

f r o m
T h e

o f

c o n t r a c t
i n d u s t r i e s .

e a r l i e r

c o n t r a c t

o f f s i t e

o f

o t h e r

s t u d y

c o s t ,

o f

c o n s t r u c t i o n

f o u n d
w h i c h

( s e e

2 ) .

o t h e r

—

h i g h l i g h t s

C o n s t r u c t i o n

—

l a b o r
o n l y

—

H

—

T h e r e

a n d
a

o s p i t a l s

c o s t

1 0 0

r e s i d u a l

s q u a r e

c o s t s

f e e t

c l i m

w e n t

b e d

u p

1 0

p e r c e n t

s u b s t a n t i a l l y ,

m

a t e r i a l s

l i t t l e .

w e r e

w e r e

p e r

l a r g e r ,

m o r e

w i t h

a d d i t i o n s

f e w e r

t o

b e d s

e x i s t i n g

b u t

m o r e

f l o o r

h o s p i t a l s ,

s p a c e .

f e w e r

n e w

h o s p i t a l s .

—

M o r e

—

O c c u p a t i o n a l

—

H

B u i l d i n g

H

p r o j e c t s

o s p i t a l s

i n

r e q u i r e m

t o o k

m

e t r o p o l i t a n

e n t s

l o n g e r

t o

c h a n g e d

a r e a s .

l i t t l e .

b u i l d .

c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s

o s p i t a l s .

s u r v e y e d

w e r e

i n

T h e

1 9 6 6 ,

a v e r a g e

c o m p a r e d

s i z e

w i t h

a n d

t h e

c o s t

4 6

o f

t h e

s u r v e y e d

6 1

h o s p i t a l

e a r l i e r ,

1 9 6 6

F l o o r
C o s t

s p a c e
p e r

( 1 , 0 0 0

1 0 0

s q u a r e

s q u a r e

f e e t ) --------

f e e t -----------------------------------

C o s t

p e r

T o t a l

W i t h

a

b e d -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

c o n s t r u c t i o n

1 2 - p e r c e n t

d e c r e a s e
i n c r e a s e d

i n
3 1

t h e

i n c r e a s e

a v e r a g e

p e r c e n t




c o s t ---------------------------------------

i n

n u m b e r

c o m p a r e d

a v e r a g e
o f

6 3 . 5

$

w i t h

1 0

-

3

2 2 , 1 7 2

$

2 , 5 9 3

$

1 6 , 9 4 7

86

8 2

$ 1 , 8 1 1 , 4 5 9

t h e

s p a c e

f o r

$ 1 , 4 6 3 , 7 2 3

a n d

a v e r a g e

p e r c e n t

-

5 6 . 5

2 , 8 5 1

f l o o r

b e d s ,

1 9 6 0

$

B e d s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

p r o j e c t s

w a s :

a

c o s t

t h e

5 - p e r c e n t
p e r

a v e r a g e

b e d
c o s t

p e r

CHART 1
TOTAL M A N -H O U R REQUIREMENTS PER 100 SQUARE FEET OF
HOSPITAL CONSTRUCTION BY SECTOR, 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 AND 1 9 6 5 - 6 6

M A N -H O U R S

0

100

200
300

CHART 2
TOTAL M A N - H O U R REQUIREMENTS PER $1,000 OF CONTRACT COST
FOR HOSPITAL CONSTRUCTION BY SECTOR, 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 AND 1 9 6 5 - 6 6




-

4

-

1 0 0

s q u a r e

c a t i o n
m e n t

o f

f e e t .
t h e

r o o m s ,

s p a c e

a n d

T h i s

m

a n d

o f

n e w

2 5 - b e d

A t

w a s

t h e

c o s t

p e r

r e f l e c t s

i n

w o u l d

t h e

i n c r e a s i n g

h o s p i t a l s .

t e n d

t o

t a k e

s o p h i s t i ­

L a b o r a t o r i e s ,

t r e a t ­

p r o p o r t i o n a t e l y

u p

o t h e r w i s e

b e d

b e l o w

w a s

p e r

m o r e

t h e

i n

t h e

1 0 0

m o r e

h a v e

m

w

e l l

o t h e r s

t h a n

b e e n

s e t

a s i d e

f o r

a n d

l o c a ­

f o r

o f

c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
c o s t .

f e e t

t h e

i n c l u d e d

a n d

a

s t u d y

a s

n u r s e s '

p e r
a

p e r

d o r m

o n e

s q u a r e
w h i l e

T h i s

a n d

f e e t
i t s

d i v e r ­

b u i l d i n g s

i t o r y

b e d .

3 5 0 - b e d

1 0 0

w h o l e ,

f o u r

e ,

o n e - s t o r y

a v e r a g e .

p r o j e c t ’ s

a

A

e x t r e m

$ 1 3 , 4 5 8

c o s t

s t u d y

o n e

s e v e n - s t o r y

I t s

t h e

t h e

A t

$ 3 5 0 , 0 0 0 . '

i n c l u d e d

i l l i o n .

a b o v e

o n e

o f

a n d

s q u a r e

s t u d y

$ 1 0

o n l y

t y p e

s i z e

l e s s

a v e r a g e

$ 3 1 , 3 1 2 —

b e c a u s e

s e ;

p e r

t h a n

t h e

d e s i g n ,

c o s t

$ 2 , 1 8 9

e x t r e m e ,

c o s t

f a r

i n

v a r i e d

s t u d i e d

c o s t

o c c u r r e d

h o s p i t a l

w h i c h

h o s p i t a l s

o t h e r

t h a t

$ 2 , 2 2 4 —

g e n c e

r o o m

h o s p i t a l s

b u i l d i n g

h o s p i t a l

e q u i p m e n t

d i f f e r e n c e s

i n d i v i d u a l

t h e

p r o b a b l y

p r o v i d e d

b e d s .

R e f l e c t i n g
t i o n ,

c a r e

s p e c i a l

d i s p l a c e

p a t i e n t s ’

s h i f t

e d i c a l

a

w a s

a

n u r s i n g

s c h o o l .

R e v e r s i n g
w e r e

m o r e

p l e t e l y

t h e

l i k e l y

p a t t e r n

t o

b e

s e t

i n

1 9 5 9 - 6 0 ,

a d d i t i o n s

t o

p r o j e c t s

e x i s t i n g

A d d i t i o n s

O n

n e w
h a d

t h e

w e r e

h o s p i t a l
a

s q u a r e

o t h e r

2 6

s t u d y

t h a n

c o m ­

3 5

1 9 5 9 - 6 0 ---------------------

w e r e

1 9 6 5 - 6 6

A d d i t i o n s

1 9 6 5 - 6 6 ---------------------

a n d

t h e

r a t h e r

n e w :

N ew

t h a n

i n

h o s p i t a l s

3 2

1 4

n o t

n e c e s s a r i l y

p r o j e c t s .
f o o t

h a n d ,

a r e a

a l l

o f

O n e
l a r g e r

t h e

l e s s

i m p o r t a n t

s m

t h a n

a l l

a l l e s t

o r

l e s s

a d d i t i o n

s e v e n - s t o r y

c o s t

b u t

f o u r

p r o j e c t s ,

o f

i n

s u b s t a n t i a l
$ 8 . 5

t h e

b o t h

n e w

c o s t

m

i l l i o n

h o s p i t a l s .
a n d

s i z e ,

a d d i t i o n s .

O v e r

6 0

p e r c e n t

w i t h

c o m p a r e d

a b o u t

w e r e

g e n e r a l l y

i t a n

a r e a s ,

m

l a r g e r
o s t l y

e q u i p m e n t .

T h i s

a c c o m m o d a t e

i t

i s

N e a r l y

h a l f

m o r e

t h a n

a

t h i r d

c e n t

t h a t

w e r e

o v e r

h a l f

o f

d i v i d e d




t h e

p r o j e c t s

p e r c e n t
a n d

i n

m o r e

b e c a u s e

1 9 6 5 - 6 6

s t o r y

1 9 5 9 - 6 0

b e t w e e n

i n

n o n m

o r

b u i l t - i n

e l l

a s

t h e

c o s t

s t r u c t u r a l

o f

p r o j e c t s

f o u r

t h e

h a d

s t o r i e s .

p r o j e c t s

t o

a r e a s ,

h o s p i t a l s

b u i l t

p r o j e c t s

t w o

T h e s e

t h o s e

t h e

t o

e t r o p o l i t a n

2 ) .

s p e c i a l i z e d

w

t w o

m

t h a n

i n

t h e

i n

t a b l e

m o r e

a s

h a d

w e r e

( s e e

i n c l u d e d

i n c l u d e d

o f

s t u d i e d

1 9 5 9 - 6 0

e x p e n s i v e

t h e y

e q u i p m e n t

s i n g l e

t h e

e v e n l y

o f
4 3

w e r e

h a d

f i v e

s t o r i e s

t h e

h a l f

-

o n l y

o n e

s t o r y ;

a n d

f i v e

5

-

o r

o f

S o u t h .

s t o r i e s

f o u r

n e e d e d

t o

p r o j e c t s .

N e a r l y
i n

f e a t u r e s

e t r o p o l ­

t h e

m o r e ,

t h e

B y

2 0

a n d
p e r ­

c o n t r a s t ,

r e m a i n d e r

s t o r i e s

o r

m o r e .

w e r e

T h e

1 9 6 5 - 6 6

1 9 5 9 - 6 0 ,
1 9 6 6 ,

f e w e r

m o r e

t h a n

A d d i t i o n s
f o r

n e w

p r o j e c t s

t h a n

g r e a t e r

T h e

a v e r a g e d

o f

c o s t

r e q u i r e m

n o t

o f

f o r

s t r u c t u r a l

m

1 0 0

f e e t ,

w e r e

8

a p p e a r s

a d d i t i o n s

m o r e

e x p e n s i v e .

d o l l a r s

e x c e e d e d

s q u a r e

f i g u r e s

b u t
i l l i o n

t h i s

o r

w i t h

h i g h e r

a t t r i b u t a b l e

u s u a l l y

i n c l u d e

c o n s i d e r a b l e

u n i f o r m

i n

a m o u n t .

c o m p a r e d

p e r c e n t

I n

m o r e ;

$ 2 , 7 5 9

t h a n

m a i n l y

i n
t o

s u b s t a n t i a l

r e p a i r s .

E x c e p t

a s

a

p r o j e c t s

a d d i t i o n s

e n t s ,

a n d

p e r

l a r g e r ,

c o s t

t h e

t h e s e
o f

a l t e r a t i o n s

o n l y

p r o j e c t s

$ 2 , 9 2 1

b o t h

h i g h e r

l a b o r

t h e

t h r e e - f o u r t h s

h o s p i t a l s ;

1 9 5 9 - 6 0 .

w e r e

h a l f

m o s t

h o s p i t a l

f r a m i n g

o n

f r a m i n g

w a s

i n f o r c e d

5 9

e a r l i e r

p r i n c i p a l

e x t e r i o r

p e r c e n t

N u r s i n g

I n

T h e

i n

i n

8

2 8

h a d

p r o j e c t s

I t

i s

p r o j e c t s

t h i s

a v e r a g e

C o s t

w

l t

i l l

a n d

c o s t

p e r

T o t a l

N u r s i n g

h o m e s

a v e r a g e ,
f i f t h s

c o s t

n u r s i n g

a s

m a n y

a p p r o x i m

h o m e s

b e d s

a s

h o s p i t a l

c a r e ,

n u r s i n g

o f

f l o o r

s p a c e

t h e i r

A
e v e n l y

l l

o f

h o s p i t a l s
m o r e

t h e

b e t w e e n




n u r s i n g
m

w e r e

n u r s i n g

h o m e

h o s p i t a l

t h a n

h a l f

h o s p i t a l s .
h o m e s

h o m e s

f o r

h o m e s

t h o s e

h o m e s
i n

n e w

n o n m

n o n m

i n

m

a n d

6

a

( s e e

w a s :

2 9 . 5
2 , 0 8 9

$

9 , 4 3 6

6 5

$ 6 1 5 , 3 8 8

a s

t a b l e

w e r e

h o s p i t a l s .
s p a c e

a n d

g r e a t e r

O n

t h e

f o u r o r

p o s t ­

p r o p o r t i o n

2 ) .

d i v i d e d

a r e a s .
a r e a s

a r e a s .

d e t a i l ,

c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s

$

m u c h

e t r o p o l i t a n

-

i n

p o s t - o p e r a t i v e

t h e y

a i r

n e a r l y

v a r i a n c e .

s u r v e y e d

f l o o r

e t r o p o l i t a n

e t r o p o l i t a n

-

m u c h

f o r

a l l o t

p a t i e n t s

w e r e

a n d

a s
m u c h

D e s i g n e d

n a t u r a l l y

b e d s

n u r s i n g

a s

f u l l y
A n d

h o m e s

f e e t ) ---------------------------

o n e - t h i r d

t h e
a n d

p r o j e c t s .

c o s t --------------------------------------------------------

a t e l y

w a s

p r o j e c t s ,

c o n s i d e r a b l e

f e e t ------------------------------------------------------

a l m o s t

e t r o p o l i t a n

s t u d i e d ,

e x p e n s i v e ,

t o

h a d

y e a r .

t h e

b a s e m e n t s .

b e d -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

c o n s t r u c t i o n

i n

M a s o n r y

B e d s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------C o s t

r e ­

t h a t

o n e .
.

p e r c e n t

n u r s i n g

n u r s i n g

s q u a r e

s q u a r e

t o

b u t

p r o j e c t s

t h e

p a r t i a l

i n
f o r

S t e e l

c o n d i t i o n e d .

a n a l y z e

f r o m

t h e

8 0

u s e d

s t u d y ,

p r o j e c t s

l a t e r

a i r

s u b j e c t

d i s c u s s

o f

( 1 , 0 0 0

1 0 0

o r

t o

i s

t h e

o f

e x i s t e d

w a s

p e r c e n t .

t h e

u n i f o r m

O v e r

l l

s u b s t a n t i a l l y

s p a c e
p e r

f u

i f f i c u

r e p o r t

s i z e

F l o o r

d

h a d

3 0

o f

p e r c e n t

p a r t i a l l y

1 2

d i f f e r

9 0

i t y

c o n c r e t e

1 9 5 9 - 6 0

o f

t h e

m o r e

e l e v a t o r s .
w e r e

o f

t h e y

i n

w e r e
i n

o n

t h e

p e r c e n t

p e r c e n t

a t e r i a l

i n

p e r c e n t

m

t h e m

o n l y

3 7

f e a t u r e s

a l l

t h e

t h e n ,

w h e r e

u s e d

w i t h

s t e e l

p r o p o r t i o n

u s e d

r e m a i n d e r

o f

R e i n f o r c e d

p r o j e c t s ,

h o m e s .

s a m p l e

g e n e r a l

o n l y

w a s

w

o f

t h e

t h e

o n l y

c o m p a r e d

t h r e e - f o u r t h s

a

w a s

i n g ,

f e a t u r e s .

s a m e

c o n s t r u c t i o n

c o n d i t i o n e d ,

f o r

o f

t h e

m a s o n r y

s t u d y

8 5

i n

c o n c r e t e

O t h e r

o v e r

p e r c e n t

u s e d

L o a d - b e a r i n g

f r a m

c o n s t r u c t i o n

L i k e
w e r e

a b o u t
t h e
l a r g e r

a n d

O n s i t e

m a n - h o u r

r e q u i r e m e n t s

H o s p i t a l s .
1 9 6 5 - 6 6

t o o k

c o r r e s p o n d i n g

O n e
m e n t s

t a b l e

r a t h e r

2 2 5

i n

f o r

h o s p i t a l

a d d i t i o n s

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f u n c t i o n s .

m o r e

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f o r
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r e l a t i o n s h i p .

-

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f o r

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t h a n

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s q u a r e

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a r e a s

t h a t

m a n - h o u r s

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1 0 0
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g o v e r n i n g

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w e r e

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c h a n g e s

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t o

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m e t r o p o l i t a n

r e q u i r e d

L a r g e r

h i g h e r

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a n d

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c o m p a r e d

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i n

i n

m a n - h o u r

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a n d

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s p a c e

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f a c i l i t i e s
t u r e .

c h a n g e s

b e d

b r e a k i n g

r e b u i l d i n g .
c o s t s

a d d i t i o n s

s t r u c t u r e s .

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e x i s t i n g

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2 3 0 ,

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f e e t
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n e w ,

2 1 7

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f o r

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n e e r s ,

a n d

s l i g h t

i n c r e a s e

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c e n t ,

t o

t h e

T h e

b y

a n d

t i e s .

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a n d

a n d

t h e r a p y

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a n d

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i n

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w i t h

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c r a f t s

a

a

c o r ­

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p e r ­

f r o m
t h e

p r o j e c t

s a m e .

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c o n s t r u c t i o n .

a n d

t h e

n e e d s ,

t o i l e t

n e e d

c a l l i n g
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e x t e n s i v e

n u r s i n g

a n d

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t h e

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p e r c e n t .

v a r i e d

r e f l e c t s

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a c c o u n t e d

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g e n e r a l l y

l a v a t o r y

t o

w o r k —

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w a s

e q u i p m e n t ,

a d d i t i o n

T h e r e

1 9 5 9 - 6 0

s a n i t a t i o n
a n d

5 ) .

e l e c t r i c a l

p l u m b e r s

r e s u l t s

m e d i c a l

s y s t e m s

a n d

n u r s i n g

g e n e r a l

w o r k e r s

m a n - h o u r s .

d i f f e r e n t

e l e c t r i c i a n s

a n d

o v e r

r e q u i r e m e n t s

d e m a n d

4

c o n s t r u c t i o n

u n s k i l l e d

( s u p e r v i s o r s ,

e l e c t r i c i a n s

i n s t a l l a t i o n s ,

s u r g i c a l

c o n t r o l

a n d

f o r

h o s p i t a l
a n d

m a n - h o u r s :

c h a r a c t e r i z e d

l a r g e

f o r

u n s k i l l e d

w o r k e r

s k i l l

h o s p i t a l s

t a b l e s

m a n - h o u r s

p e r c e n t ,

o f

i n

e m p l o y e e s

c a r p e n t r y ,

r e q u i r e m e n t s

d e m a n d

s y s t e m s ,

s e m i -

1 8

( s e e

w o r k e r

s k i l l e d

o r d e r

m a n - h o u r s

S e m i s k i l l e d

p e r c e n t

p l u m b i n g ,

f o r

l a b o r a t o r y

c a l l y

i n

r e l a t i v e l y

T h e

3

h i e r a r c h y

r e q u i r e d

o n s i t e

n o n p r o d u c t i o n

s k i l l e d

a l l

m a n - h o u r

g e n e r a l

w o r k

o f

c a r p e n t e r s

p r o j e c t ,

s a m e

i n

c r a f t s —

p e r c e n t

A l t h o u g h

f o r

d e c r e a s e

T h r e e
f o r

a l l

c r a f t s m e n .

p e r c e n t ;

c l e r k s )

r e s p o n d i n g

o f

s k i l l e d

f o r

a n d

f o r

f a

c i l i ­

e l e c t r i ­

s i g n a l i n g

l i g h t i n g

e q u i p m e n t .

R e g i o n a l
a r e

v a r i a t i o n s

i n

d e s i g n

c o n s t r u c t i o n

c a u s e d

b y

T h e

h i g h e r

p r o p o r t i o n

i n g

b u i l d i n g s )

c a r p e n t e r s

A

i n

w a s
t h e

n u m b e r

o f

a n d
o f

f a c t o r s

e x a m p l e ,

w o r k

a n d

l a b o r

p e r c e n t

7 6

p e r c e n t ,

T h e

i n

m a y

r e l a t e d

t h e

w o r k

t r a d e s

p r a c t i c e s .

c h a n g e s

t o

n u m b e r

o f

l a r g e r

r e q u i r e m e n t s

m a n - h o u r

j o b

o f

e x i s t ­

u n i o n s .

t h e

a f f e c t

r e q u i r e m e n t s .

c l a s s i f i c a t i o n

l o c a l

d e t e r m i n e

t h e

p a r t i c u l a r l y
w o r k e r s .

f o r

3 4

W e s t ;

p e r s i s t e n c e

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e x t e n t

i m p o r t a n t
t h e

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t h e

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i n

w o r k e r s

r e g i o n s

i s

c o n s t r u c t i o n .

p r o v i d e d

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n o t e w o r t h y

m a y

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t o

v a r y

w h i c h

t h e

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a c c o r d ­

a d d i t i o n ,

i n

t h e

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l a b o r

d i v i s i o n

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m a n - h o u r s ,

f o r

u n s k i l l e d

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i n

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j o b s

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s e m

a

i n

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b y




d i f f e r e n t

a s

s a v i n g

s k i l l e d

a n d

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s e m

c o m p a r e d

t r a d e s

w e r e

i s k i l l e d
w i t h
6 2

a n d

r e s p e c t i v e l y .

s k i l l e d

h o s p i t a l

a r e

u n s k i l l e d

a c c o u n t e d

1 8

f o r

w e l l

e m p l o y e d .

f a c t o r s

a n d

e m p l o y e e s

w e r e

o r g a n i z a t i o n

l o w - p a i d

T h e s e

f o r

c o n s t r u c t i o n

o f

i s

a s

( i n c l u d i n g

o c c u p a t i o n a l

p a r t i c i p a t i o n

s k i l l e d

l e s s e r

c r e w

b e s i d e s

o f

r e l a t i v e

e q u i p m e n t

n e e d s

r e s p o n s i b l e

t h e

a b i l i t y

r e q u i r e m e n t s

N o r t h e a s t .

d i s t r i b u t i o n

t o

a d d i t i o n s

p r o b a b l y

r e g i o n a l

i n g

m a n - h o u r

2 6

r e l a t i v e l y
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p e r c e n t

i s k i l l e d

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-

t h e
o f

e m p l o y e e s

e x c a v a t i o n ,

l a b o r e r s .

-

o f

l a r g e

p r o p o r t i o n

c o m p l e x
a l l

n a t u r e

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d e s p i t e

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o f

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c o n s i d e r a b l e

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A p p r e n t i c e s
n e a r l y

5

1 9 6 5 - 6 6
T h e

o r

i n

f o r m a l ,
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n e a r l y

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t i o n

i n
o f

p e r c e n t

7

o f

1 9 6 5 - 6 6 —

r e g i s t e r e d

o n s i t e

p e r c e n t

o f

a p p r e n t i c e s
n e a r l y

6

a p p r e n t i c e

m a n - h o u r s
s k i l l e d
w a s

a

p e r c e n t

i n

( s e e

n u r s i n g

w o r k e r s ,

8

a c c o u n t e d

c o n s t r u c t i o n

m a n - h o u r s

h i g h e r

a l l

p r o g r a m s

h o s p i t a l

t r a d e

b i t

o f

i n

t a b l e

h o m e

p e r c e n t

f o r

i n
6 ) .

c o n s t r u c ­

o f

s k i l l e d

t r a d e s m e n .

A p p r e n t i c e
c e n t

o f

o t h e r

t h e

t r a d e s .

m e c h a n i c s ,

e l e c t r i c i a n s

h o u r s

w o r k e d

T h r e e

a n d

i n

a n d

t r a d e s —

o p e r a t i n g

o c c u p a t i o n s

i s

e q u i p m e n t

u s u a l l y

u n t i l

t h e

i s

f u l l y

t r a i n e e

c a l l e d

o p e r a t i o n ,

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h e l p e r s ,

a r e

a n d

g r o u p e d

s p e c i a l

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o f

t r a d e

e l e c t r i c a l ,

a n d

( s e e

t a b l e

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t h e

T h e

g e n e r a l

N o r t h e a s t .
h o s p i t a l

a s s i s t i n g

W o r k e r s

i n

a

w o r k ,

" h e l p e r s

a n d

p r o j e c t s ;

1 9 6 5 - 6 6

a l s o

a c c o u n t e d

s h a r e
h a d

n o

c h a n g e

o f

a l l

h i g h e s t

f o r

a d d i t i o n s

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a m o u n t

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o f

a n d

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1 9 6 0 .
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o f

p e r c e n t a g e

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1 9 6 0

h e a v y

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a s

p r o j e c t

p r o j e c t s .

o f

t h e

o f

c o n t r a c t o r




v a r i e d

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w e l l

a s

f o r

a s

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i t s

a v e r a g e d

2 6

t h i s

l a r g e r ,

e q u i p m e n t

o f

a l m o s t

p r i m e

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n u m b e r

u s e

a r e

h e a t i n g ,
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1 9 6 5 - 6 6

a l l

s t u d y

c h a r a c t e r i s t i c

9

-

4

i n

f o r

f o r

h i g h e s t

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r e q u i r i n g

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p e r c e n t

m o r e

r e g i o n s ,

h o s p i t a l
8 . 5

u s e

t h e
n e w

s p e c i a l

a c c o u n t e d
t h a n

i n

c o n s t r u c t i o n .

o f

o f

a l l

p l a s t e r

m a n ­
f o r

c e i l i n g s .

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c o n s i d e r a b l y

o n e s

i n
t o

r e f l e c t i n g

p e r c e n t

s u b c o n t r a c t o r s —

e x p e n s i v e

-

w h o m

a n d

c o n t r a c t o r s .

u n i v e r s a l

v a r i e d

s p e c i a l i z a t i o n .

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b e t w e e n

s e r v i c e s

a c c o u n t e d

w i d e s p r e a d

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p e r c e n t

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s l i g h t l y

t h e s e

t h e

8 0
t h e

t h i s

r a t i o

r e q u i r e m e n t s —

o n l y

i n

i n

s e p a r a t e

e l e c t r i c a l

c o n t r a c t o r s

H o w e v e r ,

p r o j e c t ,

a n d

m a n - h o u r

d e m a n d

l a t h i n g

r e q u i r e m e n t s —

i n t e r i o r

t o t a l

s t a t u s ,

r e p o r t .

n u m b e r

m a n - h o u r s

t h e

h a v e

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i n

s t u d i e s .

n o t

3 5

e l e v a t o r

j o u r n e y m a n

i n

p l u m b i n g

f o r

i n c l u d e d

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f o r

a s

t h i s

s i g n i f i c a n t

m a y

t r a d e s m e n

i n

c o n t r a c t o r s —

h o s p i t a l s

p r a c t i c a l l y

t h e

r e g i o n

t r a d e

l a t h i n g —

t h e

c o n t r a c t o r s ’

T h i s

l e a r n i n g

o i l e r s ,

t e n d e r s "

a

s p e c i a l

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a n d

a n d

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p e r ­
i n

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1 9 5 9 - 6 0

b y

o r

1 2

t h a n

T r a i n i n g

f o r m a l l y

e l e v a t o r

f o r

m e c h a n i c s ,

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i n

p l a s t e r i n g

b e t w e e n

n o

c o n t r a c t o r s ,

g e n e r a l

o f

t o

a c c o u n t e d
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c o n t r a c t o r s 1

a n d

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g r e a t e r

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a

q u a l i f i e d .

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a
9 ) .

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CHART

3

PERCENT D I S T R I B U T I O N OF H O S P IT A L C O N S T R U C T I O N CO STS
PER 1 0 0 S Q U A R E FEET, 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 a n d 1 9 6 5 - 6 6 M a t e r i a l Costs D e c l i n e d b u t O n - s i t e W a g e s a n d R e s i d u a l I te ms
Increased B etw een the Two Periods

RESIDUAL
NOT OTHERWISE
CLASSIFIED

ON-SITEWAGES

EQUIPMENT

1959

- 60

1.2%

MATERIALS

RESIDUAL
NOT OTHERWISE
CLASSIFIED

ON-SITEWAGES

1965

EQUIPMENT

- 66




1.3%

11

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w a g e s

c o s t s .

r e q u i r e m e n t s

V a r i a t i o n s
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a n y

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f o r e ,

m

r a t i o

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r e g u l a r

r a n g e

W a g e s

a s

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o f

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i n

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t h a n

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a v e r a g e

l a b o r

c o n t r a c t

c o s t

u r b a n

T h e r e ­

a v e r a g e
c e n t e r s .

s u b s t a n t i a l l y

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t r a v e l

a s

t i m e

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i n

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d i r e c t

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u s u a l l y

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T h e

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T h i s

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w a s :

P e r c e n t

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1 9 6 5 - 6 6

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t o

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6

a t e r i a l s ,

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w a s
( s e e

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t w o

t h e y

m a n u f a c t u r i n g ,

c o n s t r u c t i o n ,

m

1 9 5 9 - 6 0

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o f

t h e m

a p p r o x i m a t ­

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t h e

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1 9 6 5 - 6 6

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1 9 6 5 - 6 6 .

e m p l o y m e n t

e t c .

o f

a d d i t i o n a l

f f s i t e

o n s i t e

s t u d i e s ,
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a n d

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f f s i t e

e m p l o y m e n t

c a t e g o r i e s :

( 1 )

w a r e h o u s i n g
c a t e d

a n d

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r a w

d i s t r i b u t i o n

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t r a n s f e r s

f o r e s t r y ,

a n d

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e q u i p m e n t ;

( I n t e r i n d u s t r y

a g r i c u l t u r e ,

a n d

e s t i m a t i n g

t r a n s p o r t a t i o n :

m a t e r i a l s

a t e r i a l s .

s u c h

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r a w

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m i n i n g

o f f

w o r k

T h e

e s t i m a t e d

a n d

t o t a l

i n d u s t r y .
h a v e

i s

3 /

w o r k e d

M a n - h o u r
1 9 5 9 - 5 0

a n d

e m p l o y m e n t ,

t h e

T h e

t o o k

a n d

3 /
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c o n t r i b u t e d

s t u d y ,

c o m p a n i e s ,

t o

i n c l u d e d

a n d

S t a t e

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h o s p i t a l
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l o c a l

c o n s t r u c ­
i n

g o v e r n m e n t s .

t o

m e a s u r e

a l m o s t

s t u d y .

c o n t r a c t o r s ’

i m p o s s i b l e

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t o

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b u t

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p r o j e c t s .

2 9

m a n - h o u r s
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t h e
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e s t i m a t e

f o r

e a c h

d i f f e r e n c e
t h e
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f e e t

o f

h o s p i t a l

c o n s t r u c t i o n

s e l f - e m

c o n t r a c t
p l o y e d

w o r k

e m p l o y ­

c o n s t r u c t i o n

c r a f t s m e n

w h o

p l a c e

M o s t

c h a n g e s

i n

o f f s i t e

o f f s i t e

c o n s t r u c t i o n

m a n - h o u r s

r e l a t i v e l y

c h a n g e d

m a n - h o u r s

o f f s i t e

w

b e t w e e n

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s l o w l y .

d e c l i n e

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o f

t h e

i n

m a n u r a c t u r i n g —

i n

t h e

e c o n o m i c

s e c t o r

m o s t

t h e

t w o

a f f e c t e d

c o n s t r u c t i o n .

s a m e

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i n d u s t r i e s
f o r

b o t h

A d m i n i s t r a t o r s ,

c o n t r a c t




f o r

p r o v i d e d

s t u d i e s :

p r o d u c t s ;

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s i t e .

e m p l o y m e n t

m a n u f a c t u r i n g
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b y

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T h r e e - f o u r t h s

h o s p i t a l

i t

1 9 6 5 - 6 6 .

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s t u d i e s

n o t

b a s e d

T h i s
a t

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c o v e r e d

u t i l i t y

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s i t e . )

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( 2 )

m a t e r i a l s

a n d

t i o n

f e l l

C o n s t r u c t i o n :

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m o s t

m a c h i n e r y

e n g i n e e r s ,

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o f

1 4

c o n s t r u c t i o n

t h e

f a b r i c a t e d
a n d

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p e r c e n t

o f

i n d u s t r y

1 3

-

o f f s i t e

a n d

e l e c t r i c a l

a t o r s ,
a l l

i n

m a n - h o u r s

p r i m a r y

a n d

i n
s t o n e ,

p r o d u c t s .

o t h e r

e m p l o y m e n t

1 9 6 5 .

m e t a l s ;

i n

s a l a r i e d
t h e

g e n e r a l

Changes
change

in

in

the

o ffsite

demand

m an -h ou r

fo r

re q u ire m e n ts

m a te ria ls

produced

can

in

represent

th at

e ith e r

in d u stry

or

a

a change

in th e in d u s t r y ’ s p r o d u c t iv i t y .
T h e m o s t m a r k e d d e c l i n e i n o f f s i t e m an ­
h ou rs in m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r ie s o c c u r r e d in f a b r i c a t e d m e ta l p r o d u c ts
and p r im a r y m e t a l s .
The u s e o f m e t a l p r o d u c t s i n h o s p i t a l c o n s t r u c t i o n
d e clin e
dropped
le s s
over

su b s ta n tia lly
in th e s t o n e ,

e q u iv a le n t
th e 6 -y e a r

b e t w e e n t h e tw o s t u d i e s .
c l a y and g l a s s i n d u s t r y .

to the in c r e a s e
p e rio d .
On t h e

O f f s i t e m a n -h ou rs a l s o
T h is d e c l i n e was m ore o r

i n t h i s i n d u s t r y ’ s o u tp u t p e r m an -h ou r
o t h e r h a n d , m a n -h ou rs r e q u ir e d t o p r o ­

duce e l e c t r i c a l p ro d u cts used in h o s p it a l c o n s t r u c t io n b a r e ly ch anged,
d e s p i t e a s i z a b l e i n c r e a s e in o u tp u t p e r m a n -h ou r i n t h i s i n d u s t r y .
T h is r e s u l t i s p r o b a b ly due t o g r e a t e r u s e o f th e s e p r o d u c t s in h o s p i t a l
co n stru ctio n .
E m p loy m en t

in

O ffs ite

oth er

in d u strie s

m a n -h ou rs

in

p e r c e n t betw een 1 9 5 9 -6 0
p la c e in tr a n s p o r ta tio n
put

p e r m a n -h ou r;

se rv ice s

on

the

n on m a n u fa ctu rin g

in d u strie s

d e clin e d

by

and 1 9 6 5 -6 6 .
The m ost s i g n i f i c a n t d ro p
and p a r a l l e l e d t h a t i n d u s t r y ' s i n c r e a s e
oth er

hand,

m a n -h ou rs

in w h o le sa le

7 .2

took
in o u t­

trade

and

in cre a se d .

N u rsin g

hom es.

To b u i l d

th e

n u rs in g

hom es

stu d ie d

in

1 9 6 5 -6 6

r e q u i r e d 375 m a n -h o u r s p e r 100 s q u a r e f e e t b o t h on and o f f t h e s i t e .
T he p r o p o r t i o n o f o n t o o f f s i t e m a n -h o u r s w as a l m o s t t h e sam e f o r
n u r s i n g hom es a s f o r h o s p i t a l s — o f f s i t e m a n -h o u r s w e r e 57 p e r c e n t o f
a l l h o s p i t a l m a n -h ou rs,
ta b le 1 0 ).
By a n d
d is trib u te d
fo r

h o sp ita l

co n trib u te d

la rg e ,
a m on g

59 p e r c e n t

o ffs ite
th e

m a n -h ou rs

v a rio u s

co n stru ctio n .
m ore m a n -h ou rs

of

fo r

in d u strie s

The
to

a ll

lu m b er

n u rs in g

n u rs in g

n u rs in g
in

C o n stru ctio n

home

about

in d u stry
home

h om e m a n - h o u r s

th an

th e

was
to

(se e

co n stru ctio n

w ere

sam e p r o p o r t i o n

th e

o n ly

h o s p ita l

one

as

th at

co n stru ctio n .

T im e

On t h e a v e r a g e , n e a r l y 2 y e a r s — 91 w e e k s — w e r e r e q u i r e d t o b u i l d
the h o s p it a l s s tu d ie d (s e e t a b le 1 1 ).
C o n stru ctio n fo r in d iv id u a l p ro ­
j e c t s v a r i e d f r o m 43 t o 2 0 0 w e e k s .
P r o je c t s s tu d ie d in 1 9 6 5 -6 6 to o k
over
took

3 m onths l o n g e r t o c o m p le t e th a n
a p p r o x i m a t e l y a y e a r and a h a l f ,
C o n stru ctio n

tim e v a r ie d

re g io n ,
C entral

due to d i f f e r e n c e s in
re g io n s, co n stru ctio n

S ou th .

O n ly

in

th e W est

d id

not

th ose stu d ie d
o r 77 w e e k s .

o n ly

clim a te .
took fa r

-

14 -

s iz e

of

1 9 5 9 -6 0 ,

p r o je c t

but

w h ich

a lso

In t h e N o r t h e a s t and N o rth
l o n g e r t h a n i n t h e W e st and

co n stru ctio n

le v e l.




by

in

tim e

rem ain n e a r

th e

by
the

1 9 5 9 -6 0

N u rsin g hom es, w h ich w ere s m a lle r on th e a v e ra g e
p r o j e c t s , t o o k an a v e r a g e o f 58 w e e k s t o b u i l d .
E m p loym en t b y
To

fin d

con stru ction
a ty p ica l

th an

th e h o s p it a l

p e rio d

em p loym ent p a t t e r n

fo r

p r o je c ts

of

a ll

siz e s,

c o n s t r u c t i o n tim e f o r e a c h h o s p i t a l was d i v i d e d i n t o 10 e q u a l p a r t s .
F o r e x a m p le , 10 1 1 /2 - m o n t h p e r i o d s w e r e u s e d f o r a h o s p i t a l t h a t was
c o n s t r u c t e d i n 15 m o n t h s .
A c c o r d i n g t o t h i s m e th o d , m a n -h ou rs r e q u i r e d
to

con stru ct

h o sp ita ls

in

th is

stu dy,

by

d e cile ,

w ere:

2 d ..............

3 .8
8 .2

6 t h ...........
7 t h ...........

1 2 .5

3 d ..............
4 t h ...........

1 0 .7
1 3 .3

8 t h ...........
9 t h ...........

1 0 .7
8 .0

5 t h ...........

1 4 .9

1 0 t h ...........

3 .9

1 s t ...........

1 4 .0

R e l a t i v e l y few m a n -h ou rs w ere n e e d e d a t th e b e g in n in g o f th e p r o ­
j e c t s ; demand b u i l t t o a p e a k i n t h e f i f t h p e r i o d an d t h e n d r o p p e d
s h a r p l y i n t h e l a s t tw o ( s e e c h a r t 4 ) .
T h is p a t t e r n was m ore o r l e s s
t h e sam e a s i n 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 .
S e v e n t y - s i x p e r c e n t o f t h e o n s i t e em ploym ent
was a s s i g n a b l e t o t h e t h i r d t h r o u g h t h e e i g h t h p e r i o d s , o r t h e m i d d l e
60 p e r c e n t o f t o t a l c o n s t r u c t i o n t im e .
A b o u t 4 p e r c e n t o f t h e m an ­
h o u r s f e l l i n b o t h t h e f i r s t and t h e l a s t p e r i o d s .

C o n stru ctio n M a te ria ls
M a t e r i a ls c o s t 4 p e r c e n t m ore f o r e a c h 100
c o n s t r u c t i o n in 1 9 6 5 -6 6 th an in 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .
These

square fe e t o f h o s p ita l
c o s t s w e n t u p m u ch l e s s

th an d id l a b o r o r r e s i d u a l c o s t s — th e o t h e r c o s t c o m p o n e n ts .
q u e n tly , m a te r ia ls a ccou n ted f o r a sm a lle r p r o p o r tio n o f th e
o f h o s p i t a l c o n s t r u c t i o n in 1 9 6 5 -6 6 .
M a te ria ls

as

percent

A ll

o f p r o je c t

cost

1 9 6 5 -6 6

Conse­
to ta l cost

1 9 5 9 -6 0 ^

p r o j e c t s 2 / ------------------------------

5 1 .7

5 4 .4

New---------------------------------------------------

5 2 .4

5 5 .7

A d d i t i o n s --------------------------------------

5 1 .2

5 1 .3

1/

B ased

2/

The p e r c e n t a g e

chart

3 on p a g e

percent
equal

on r e v i s e d

so

1 0 0 .0




12.

data.

show n h e r e
The

l a t t e r was

th at m a t e r ia ls ,
percent

fo r

is

la b o r,

g ra p h ic

h ig h e r
lo w e re d

eq u ip m en t

th an

on e -te n th
and

p re se n ta tio n .

15

-

th at

shown
of

in

one

r e s i d u a l w ou ld

CHART 4
PERCENT D I S T R I B U T I O N OF O N - S I T E M A N - H O U R S OF
C O N S T R U C T IO N LA B O R FOR EACH $ 1 , 0 0 0 OF HOSPITAL
C O N T R A C T BY DECILE O F C O N S T R U C T I O N T I M E , 1 9 6 5 - 6 6 S e v e n ty -s ix P ercent of the O n - s i t e L a b o r was P e r f o r m e d
in t h e M i d d l e Six P e r i o d s
PERCENT OF ON-SITE
MAN HOURS

1




2

3

4

5

6

7

DECILES OF CONSTRUCTION TIME

16

8

9

10

M a te ria ls

fig u re s

in c lu d e

d e p re cia tio n

charges

or

ren tal

costs

fo r

c o n s t r u c t i o n eq u ip m en t u s e d , a s w e l l as c o s t s o f s u p p l i e s con su m ed .
They
a l s o i n c l u d e m a t e r i a l s o r f i x e d eq u ip m en t i n c o r p o r a t e d i n th e s t r u c t u r e s .
U n f o r t u n a t e l y , a g o o d d e f l a t o r t o rem ove th e e f f e c t o f p r i c e ch a n g e from
v a lu e change is n o t a v a il a b le f o r th e c o n s t r u c t io n in d u s t r y .
C onse­
q u e n tly ,

changes

T a b le s

13

in m a te r ia ls

and

14 sh ow

costs

th e v a lu e

u se d f o r e a ch 100 s q u a r e f e e t
th e 1 9 5 9 -6 0 h o s p i t a l s t u d i e s .
a p p r o x im a t e ly $ 1 ,4 7 4 w o rth o f
in

in clu d e
of

p rice

m ovem en t.

th e m a jor

groups

of

m a te ria ls

o f c o n s t r u c t i o n f o r b o t h t h e 1 9 6 5 -6 6 and
47
E ach u n i t o f c o n s t r u c t i o n r e q u i r e d
m a t e r i a l s i n 1 9 6 5 -6 6 — a b o u t $60 m ore th an

1 9 5 9 -6 0 .
The

re la tiv e

im p orta n ce

o f m a te ria ls

groups

changed

little

betw een

t h e tw o p e r i o d s .
In b o th s t u d i e s , th e fo u r m ost im p o rta n t g r o u p s , in
d e s c e n d i n g o r d e r o f i m p o r t a n c e , w e r e m e t a l p r o d u c t s ; s t o n e , c l a y and
g l a s s p r o d u c t s ; i n s t a l l e d e q u ip m e n t ; and e l e c t r i c a l p r o d u c t s ( s e e
ta b le 1 2 ).
P lu m b in g m a t e r i a l s cam e n e x t i n 1 9 6 5 - 6 6 , f o l l o w e d b y h e a t i n g ,
v e n t i l a t i o n , and a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g m a t e r i a l s ; i t was t h e o t h e r way a r o u n d
in 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .

tw o

N in e s p e c i f i c
stu d ie s :

m a te ria ls

w en t up by

50 p e r c e n t

o r m ore b etw een

R ough and d r e s s lu m b e r
P reca st co n cre te produ cts

In tercom s

A lu m in u m s h e e t m e t a l

th e

C om p ressed a i r and
oxygen system s
P n e u m a tic tu b e s y s te m s

G a lv a n ized
Pumps
O il
Some o f

a la rm

sh eet m etal

and

fire

d e v ice s

burners
th ese

changes

re su lt

from

a sh ift

in

th e

k in d

o f b u ild in g s

b e in g c o n s tr u c te d .
As t r e a t m e n t f a c i l i t i e s b e c o m e m o r e c o m p l e x an d a s
h o s p i t a l s b e c o m e l a r g e r , b u i l d i n g s a r e d e s i g n e d d i f f e r e n t l y and m a t e r i a l s
re q u ire m e n ts ch ange.
A nother e x p la n a t io n f o r change in m a t e r ia ls u se i s th a t p r ic e
changes cau sed p ro d u ct s u b s t i t u t io n .
F or e x a m p le , c u t s t o n e , w h ich i s
u sed f o r d e c o r a t i o n , seem s t o h a ve b e e n s u p p la n t e d b y c h e a p e r a l t e r n a ­
t i v e s su ch as p r e c a s t c o n c r e t e .

4/
$ 1 ,0 0 0

To
of

a llo w

com p a rison w ith

con stru ction




con tract

p re v io u s

are

show n

17

s tu d ie s ,
in

ta b les

m a te ria l
15

and

costs

16.

per

Change

in m a te r ia ls

u s e may a l s o

re s u lt

from

new p r o d u c t s

or

n ew

te ch n iq u e s.
H e a t in g eq u ip m e n t t h a t i n c l u d e s t e m p e r a t u r e c o n t r o l d e v i c e s
as an i n t e g r a l p a r t o f t h e u n i t w o u ld a c c o u n t f o r t h e n e a r l y 2 0 - p e r c e n t
d e c lin e in th e use o f tem peratu re c o n t r o ls .
In
tw o

any

even t,

surveys.

b u ild in g s
d e clin e

was

in

several

M ovem ent

cle a rcu t

from

pronounced.

the

use

lo a d

s u b stitu tio n s

b e a r in g m asonry

In creased

o f w in dow s.

a ir

U se o f

took
to

co n d itio n in g

in s ta lle d

p la ce

betw een

re in fo rce d

p a ra lle le d

eq u ip m en t

th e

con crete

a lso

a
in c r e a s e d .

F i n a l l y , m ore e l e c t r i c a l p r o d u c t s r e s u l t e d fro m m ore a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g
i n s t a l l e d eq u ip m e n t, b e ca u s e th e s e m a t e r ia ls o f t e n r e q u ir e s p e c i a l
e le ctric

and

w irin g .

T a b le
U se

of

12.

H osp ita l

m a jor m a t e r ia ls

con stru ction

per

100

square

V a lu e
M a jo r

type

of

m a te ria l

of

fe e t

m a te ria ls

1960
V a lu e
Percent

1966
V a lu e
P ercent

Lum ber and lu m b e r p r o d u c t s
S t o n e , c l a y and g l a s s p r o d u c t s —

5 9 .5 1
2 7 3 .3 3

4 .2
1 9 .4

6 8 .6 2
2 6 7 .0 1

4 .6
1 8 .1

M e t a l p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------H e a t i n g , v e n t i l a t i n g and a i r
c o n d i t i o n i n g e q u i p m e n t -----------------

3 7 1 .8 9

2 6 .4

3 3 7 .3 3

2 2 .9

1 3 8 .5 3

E le ctrica l

9 .8
1 1 .0

1 4 3 .7 9
1 8 0 .2 3

9 .8
1 2 .2

8 .7
1 6 .2

1 5 2 .2 6
2 3 7 .9 8

1 0 .3
1 6 .1

O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------

1 5 4 .7 5
1 2 2 .8 8
2 2 9 .3 8
6 0 .7 2

4 .3

8 7 .0 4

T o t a l ------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,4 1 0 .9 9

1 0 0 .0

1 ,4 7 4 .2 6

5 .9
1 0 0 .0

p r o d u c t s -----------------------------

P l u m b i n g p r o d u c t s --------------------------------I n s t a l l e d e q u i p m e n t -----------------------------

N u rsin g h om es.
N u r s i n g h om es b u i l t i n 1 9 6 5 - 6 6 u s e d an a v e r a g e o f
$ 1 ,1 4 6 o f m a t e r i a l s f o r ea ch 100 s q u a r e f e e t o f c o n s t r u c t i o n .
M a te ria ls
t h u s r e p r e s e n t e d a b o u t 55 p e r c e n t o f t h e t o t a l c o s t o f n u r s i n g h om es
c o m p a r e d w i t h a b o u t 52 p e r c e n t f o r h o s p i t a l s .
M a jo r
sam e o r d e r

grou p s o f m a t e r ia ls w ere u sed in n u rs in g
as in h o s p i t a l s e x c e p t as f o l l o w s :

. N u rsin g
g la s s
and

hom es,

p rod u cts;

lu m b er p r o d u c t s .

m ent,

p lu m b in g




on

a p ercen tage

h e a tin g ,

On t h e

p rod u cts,

b a sis,

v e n tila tin g ,
and

oth er

u sed m ore

and a i r

hand,

e le ctrica l

18 -

hom es

th ey

ston e,

co n d itio n in g
used

produ cts

le ss

(se e

in

about

cla y

th e

and

eq u ip m e n t;

in s ta lle d

ta b les

17

e q u ip ­

and

1 8 ).

N u r s in g hom es
co n se q u e n tly ,
lu m b er

h ave f a r l e s s c o m p le x m e d i c a l eq u ip m en t th a n h o s p i t a l s do
a g re a te r p ro p o rtio n o f m a te ria ls e x p en d itu re, in clu d in g

and w ood p r o d u c t s ,

p ro p o rtio n to
d is trib u tio n :

in s ta lle d

U se o f
Type
Lum ber

and lu m b er

goes

to

eq u ip m e n t,

con stru ct
as

m a jo r m a t e r ia ls

th e b u ild in g

shown b y

per

100

o f m a te ria l

th e

and a s m a l l e r

fo llo w in g

square

percent

fe e t
V a lu e

P ercent

p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------

1 0 1 .8 7

8 .9

S t o n e , c l a y a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s --------------------------M e t a l p r o d u c t s --------------- ----------------------------------------------H e a t i n g , v e n t i l a t i n g , and a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g

2 1 9 .1 6
2 6 1 .1 9

1 9 .1
2 2 .8

e q u i p m e n t ---------------------------------------------------------------------E l e c t r i c a l p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------------------I n s t a l l e d e q u i p m e n t ---------------------------------------- ------ —

1 1 8 .4 4
1 2 1 .5 5
1 2 0 .9 6

1 0 .3
1 0 .6
1 0 .6

P l u m b i n g p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ---------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------T o t a l -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- —

1 0 9 .7 1
9 3 .3 6
1 ,1 4 6 .2 4

9 .6
8 .1
1 0 0 .0




19

-

A p p en d ix
S cope

to

and M eth od o f

Survey

M ost o f th e i n f o r m a t i o n i n t h i s s t u d y was o b t a i n e d th r o u g h v i s i t s
t h e p r o j e c t s c h o s e n t o r e p r e s e n t g e n e r a l h o s p i t a l a n d n u r s i n g h om e

con stru ction
from

d u rin g

secondary

Survey

th e

sources

p e rio d
such

as

surveyed.

A d d itio n a l

the

of

Census

in fo rm a tio n

ca m e

M a n u fa ctu rers.

coverage

The s u r v e y

sa m p le was

drawn

from

general

h o s p ita l

and n u r s i n g

home

p r o je c t s c o n s tr u c te d w ith F e d e ra l a id p r o v id e d under th e H ill-B u r t o n A ct.
S in ce th e s e p r o je c t s a re r e q u ir e d to f i l e r e p o r t s , d a ta needed f o r th e
stu d y w ere r e a d ily a v a il a b le .
T h is f a c t o r a c c o u n ts f o r th e e x c lu s io n
o f m e d ica l f a c i l i t i e s
e x c l u s i o n was s p e c i a l
a d d ictio n ,

fo r
in

e p ile p sy ,

c o n s tr u c te d w ith ou t F ed era l a id .
p u rp ose h o s p i t a l s , such as th o se
nervous

and m e n t a l

The u n i v e r s e fr o m w h ic h t h e
w h ich c o n s t r u c t i o n b id s w ere
the

P u b lic

C osts o f
re la tio n

H ea lth

S urvey

d is e a s e s ,

and

The o n l y o t h e r
t r e a t in g drug
tu b e rcu lo sis.

s a m p le w as drawn c o n s i s t e d o f p r o j e c t s
o p e n e d i n 1963 and 1 9 6 4 , as r e p o r t e d

p u b lica tio n

"R e p re se n ta tiv e

C o n stru ctio n

H i l l - B u r t o n H o s p i t a l s and R e a l t e d H e a lt h F a c i l i t i e s . "
o f t h e sa m p le t o t h e u n i v e r s e was t h e f o l l o w i n g :
U n iverse

The

S a m p le

New h o s p i t a l s ---------------------

1 17

26

A d d i t i o n s -----------------------------N u r s i n g h o m e s ---------------------

206
99

35
12

P r o j e c t s in th e u n i v e r s e w e re exam in ed f o r th e f o l l o w i n g :
typ e o f
f a c i l i t y (n ew , a d d i t i o n , n u r s i n g h o m e ), c o s t , and l o c a t i o n ( g e o g r a p h i c a l
r e g i o n s 1 / and m e t r o p o l i t a n o r n o n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s ) .
S am p le p r o j e c t s
w e r e c h o s e n t o i n c l u d e t h e s e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s i n a b o u t t h e sam e p r o p o r t i o n
as th e y o c c u r r e d in th e u n i v e r s e .

1/ T h e S t a t e s i n c l u d e d i n e a c h o f t h e r e g i o n s w e r e a s f o l l o w s :
N o r t h e a s t — C o n n e c t i c u t , M a i n e , M a s s a c h u s e t t s , New H a m p s h i r e , New J e r s e y ,
New Y o r k , P e n n s y l v a n i a , R h o d e I s l a n d , a n d V e r m o n t ; N o r t h C e n t r a l —
I l l i n o i s , In d ia n a , Iow a, K ansas, M ich ig a n , M in n e so ta , M is s o u r i, N ebraska,
N o r th D a k o t a , O h i o , S o u th D a k o ta and W i s c o n s i n ; S o u th — A la b a m a , A r k a n s a s ,
D ela w a re,

D istrict

M a ry la n d ,

M iss issip p i,

Texas,

V irg in ia ,

C o lo ra d o ,

Idaho,

of

C olu m b ia ,
N orth

F lo rid a ,

C a ro lin a ,

and W est V i r g i n i a ;
M ontana,

N evada,

K en tu ck y,
S ou th

and W e st— A r i z o n a ,

New M e x i c o ,

and W yom ing.




G eorg ia ,

O k lahom a,

2 0

-

O regon,

L o u isia n a ,

C a ro lin a ,

Tennessee,

C a lifo rn ia ,
U tah,

W a sh in g ton ,

A l t h o u g h
m e n t

u s e d

i n

e q u i p m e n t ,
m e n t ,

a n d

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t h e
m

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T h e

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i n t e r i n d u s t r y

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c o s t

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w e r e

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22

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m a n - h o u r s

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T a b le

2.

Number

and

cost

of

h o sp ita l

and n u r s in g

home

con stru ction

p ro je cts,

by

selected

ch a ra cte ris tics

and

region

N u rsing

H osp ita ls
U n ited

S tates

Cost

C h a ra cte ristics

Num­

D e r—
Bed

Square

ber

foot

N ortheast

(th o u ­

Cost
Num­

Square

ber

foot

sands)
A ll

p r o j e c t s ----------------------------

per—
Bed
(th ou ­

Cost
Num­
ber

$ 2 8 .51

New ---------------------------------------------

26

2 7 .5 9

2 0 .0

4

2 8 .6 1

A d d i t i o n s -------------------------------

35

2 9.2 1

2 4 .0

11

3 2 .3 3

38

2 9.9 0

2 3 .3

11

23

2 5.5 2

1 9 .8

4

15

Square
fo o t

$ 29 .56

2 0 .4

6

3 0 .5

10

3 3 .9 5

2 7 .8

2 5 .6 6

3 4 .1

$ 2 8 .9

Bed
(th ou ­

Cost
Num­
ber

Square
foot

W est
per—
Bed
(thou­

Cost
Num­
ber

Square
fo o t

sands)

)er—
Bed
(th ou ­

homes
S tates

Cost
Num­
ber

Square
fo o t

uer—
Bed
(th ou ­
sands)

sands)
$ 29 .56

$ 2 2 .8

1 7 .5

5

3 3 .5 6

1 9 .3

5

2 4 .8 8

1 9 .1

6

3 0 .2 6

2 3 .8

5

2 2.2 9

1 0 .0

2 4 .1 1

1 6 .7

4

2 6 .4 3

18.7

7

1 9 .9 1

9 .1

5

2 4.6 0

1 7 .0

5

3 2.1 7

2 2 .0

5

2 0.6 7

9 .0

12

2 4 .6 7

1 9 .2

4

2 6 .0 4

2 5 .0

1

(1 /)

(1 /)

1
5

(1 /)
1 9 .0 2

(1 /)
9 .1

20

$ 24 .55

3 0 .5 5

2 0 .1

11

2 3 .2 3

2 8 .9 1

2 3 .1

9

2 6 .8 5

9

3 1 .5 9

2 3 .5

12

2 4 .7 8

7

2 6 .5 4

1 9 .3

8

(1 /)
3 0.4 8

(1 /)
2 3 .1

12

$ 20 .89

2 5 .7

12

2 0.8 9

1 9 .3

—

$ 9 .4

10

$ 2 1 .8

$ 18 .2

U n ited

9 .4
—

a m e tro p o lita n
a r e a --------------------------------------

Not

in

a m e tro p o lita n

a r e a -------------------------------------Type

of

fram in g :

S t e e l ----------------------------------------

18

3 0.5 6

2 2 .0

6

3 5 .2 2

3 0 .0

2

c o n c r e t e ------

36

2 8 .0 9

22.9

8

3 0 .3 9

2 8 .6

12

(1 /)

—

R ein forced

C o m b i n a t i o n --------------------------

2

Load

m asonry—

5

(1 /)
2 2.7 6

(1 /)
1 3 .5

1 s t o r y ----------------------------------------

12

2 3.1 6

1 5 .0

3

2 -4

22

2 7 .5 1

2 1 .5

7

b ea rin g

s t o r i e s ------------------------------

5 and

a b o v e ------------------------------

E l e v a t o r --------------------------------------

—

(1/)

(1 /)

2

(I/)

(I/)

1

(I/)

(1 /)

(1 /)
2 9 .5 7

(1 /)
2 7 .9

2

(1 /)
2 8 .3 9

(1 /)
2 1 .0

5

2 1 .5 3

1 3 .8

2

(1 /)

(1 /)

9

1 9 .3 9

6

2 5 .2 9

1 9 .9

2

(1 /)

3

(1 /)

6

(1 /)
3 0 .9 6

2 6 .9

7

8 .8
(1 /)
—

12

24.3

5

3 4.0 7

3 0 .8

7

3 2.3 0

2 4 .5

9

2 4 .8 9

1 8 .5

23.2

13

3 1 .9 1

2 9.2

15

3 0.2 0

2 2 .8

17

2 4 .9 2

1 8 .5

7

3 0 .7 7

2 6 .5

6

2 2 .4 1

9 .8

1 3 .5

2

(1 /)

(1/)

1

(1 /)

(1 /)

3

(1 /)

(I/)

3

(1 /)

(1 /)

6

1 9 .3 4

9 .1

2 1 .3

10

3 3 .4 1

2 7 .2

14

3 0 .0 6

2 1 .5

18

2 3 .2

9

1 9 .7 5

9 .1

2 6 .3 4

49

P a r t i a l -----------------------------------

(1 /)

2

2 8 .9 8

9

F u l l -------------------------------------------

(1 /)

—

(1 /)

—

2 9.0 5

52

No e l e v a t o r -------------------------------

1

—

1
—

—

2 2.5 5

27

A ir

per—

sands)
16

$31 .87

South

C entral

sands)

61

In

$ 2 2 .2

N orth

2 7 .9

5

2 9 .1 5

3 3 .1

2

(1 /)

(1 /)

2

(1 /)

1

(1 /)

(1 /)

—

2

(1 /)

(1 /)

3 0 .1 5

—

co n d itio n e d :

Not

a ir

F u ll

or

c o n d i t i o n e d ------

—

—

—

—

—

2 4 .8 0
(1 /)

1 7 .7

7

(1 /)

3

(1/)

—

—

—

—

3 0 .8 6

—

3 1 .0 3

—

—

2 2 .9

13

2 4 .6 6

1 9 .6

9

2 9 .6 8

2 3 .3

4

2 2 .1 8

1 0 .7

a /)

7

2 4 .2 4

1 5 .1

1

(1 /)

(1 /)

8

2 0.1 7

8 .8

2 2 .1

—

—

p a rtia l

b a s e m e n t ----------------------------

44

2 8 .8 4

2 3 .3

9

3 1.2 0

3 1 .8

13

No b a s e m e n t --------------------------

17

2 7 .3 7

1 8.9

6

3 3 .0 1

2 5 .2

3

a

n

E xterior:
55

2 3.2 5

2 1 .8

15

3 1 .8 7

2 8 .9

15

w a l l -----------------------

1

(1 /)

—

—

—

—

O t h e r ----------------------------------------

5

(1 /)
3 1 .3 8

2 6 .3

—

—

M a s o n r y ----------------------------------C u rtain

T7

In su fficie n t




coverage

to

w arrant

p re se n ta tio n .

1

(1 /)

18

2 4 .5 1

1 8 .1

—

2 9 .3 6

1

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

1

(1 /)

(1 /)

7

—
3

2 6 .7 7

1 7 .7

12

—

—

—

9 .4

2 0 .8 9

—

(1/)

(1 /)

—
—

T a b le

3.

O nsite

m an-hour

req u irem en ts

for

h osp ita l

and n u r s in g

home

con stru ction

p r o je c ts ,

by

selected

ch a ra cte ristics

and

region

H osp ita ls
U n ited

S tates

M an -h ou rs

C h a ra cte ris t i c s

100

N ortheast

per—

M an -h ou rs

$1000

square

of

feet

cost

2 17 .0

76.1

New-----------------------------------------------------------

2 0 6 .1

A d d i t i o n s ---------------------------------------------

2 2 5 .3

100

A ll

p r o j e c t s -------------------------------------------

In

a m e tro p o lita n

a r e a -------------

Bed

N orth

per—

M an-hou rs
100

$1000

square

of

feet

cost

1688

2 36 .5

7 4 .2

74.7

1493

1 92 .3

6 7 .2

1371

77.1

1855

2 42 .9

7 5 .1

2292

per—

2148

M a n -h ou rs

$1000

square

of

feet

Bed

N u rsing
S outh

C entral

cost

2 2 8 .5

7 7 .5

2 3 4 .6
2 2 5 .2

100

per—

$1000

square

of

fe e t
1688

2 0 7 .6

8 4 .7

7 6 .8

1544

1 9 7 .2

7 7 .9

1802

2 2 6 .5

100

cost

Bed

M an-hou rs

Bed

homes
U n ited

W est
per—

100

$1000

square

of

feet

cost

1538

1 8 4 .3

6 2 .4

8 4 .9

1484

1 93 .0

8 4 .3

1629

1 74 .2

Bed

S tates

M an-hou rs

per—

$1000

square

of

feet

cost

1421

1 53 .7

7 3 .7

5 7 .5

1479

1 53 .9

7 0 .0

1353

Bed

695

7 3 .7

695

—

—

2 2 2 .7

74.5

1733

2 5 1 .4

7 4 .1

2063

2 4 3 .2

7 7 .0

1810

2 0 5 .0

8 2 .7

1578

1 8 3 .8

6 0 .7

1446

1 6 7 .1

7 5 .0

746

2 0 4 .8

8 0 .3

1590

1 9 2 .4

7 5 .0

2560

2 0 7 .6

7 8 .2

1512

2 1 3 .1

8 8 .4

1472

1 8 6 .7

70.6

1322

1 4 4 .6

7 2 .6

659

S t e e l -------------------------------------------------------

2 0 5 .3

6 7 .2

1479

2 46 .7

7 0 .0

2099

1 86 .7

5 8 .0

1274

1 4 2 .0

6 8 .7

617

79.7

1823

2 3 3 .4

7 6 .8

2193

(1 /)
1801

1294

2 2 3 .9

(1 /)
7 8 .1

7 6 .1

c o n c r e t e ---------------------

(1 /)
2 37 .9

1 8 7 .2

R ein forced

2 1 5 .3

8 7 .3

1675

1 77 .0

6 8 .0

1697

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

C o m b i n a t i o n ----------------------------------------

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

—

—

—

(1 /)

(1 /)

C l/)

—

—

—

C l/)

(1 /)

8 2 .3

(1 /)
1114

(1 /)

m a s o n r y ------------------

(1 /)
1 87 .2

—

—

(I/)

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

C l/)

(1 /)

(1 /)

C l/)

(1 /)

1 4 8 .3

7 8 .0

(1 /)
706

1 s t o r y -------------------------------------------------------

1 7 6 .7

76.3

1144

(1 /)
2 1 3 .8

C l/)

(1 /)

(1 /)

1 4 9 .1

76.9

676

7 5 .3

(1 /)
1585

1072

1669

(1 /)
2082

7 7 .7

7 7 .6

(1 /)
7 4 .6

1 6 7 .2

2 1 3 .5

(1 /)
2 20 .4

(1 /)

s t o r i e s ---------------------------------------------

2 2 0 .2

8 7 .1

1731

(1 /)

7 5 .2

1824

2 54 .6

7 4 .7

2298

2 5 5 .4

7 9 .1

1938

2 1 1 .0

8 4 .8

1568

C I/)
1635

(1 /)

2 2 6 .8

(1 /)
6 0 .8

(1 /)

a b o v e ---------------------------------------------

(1 /)
1 8 8 .3

—

—

E l e v a t o r ----------------------------------------------------

2 2 1 .3

76.2

1768

2 36 .9

7 4 .2

2166

2 3 3 .5

7 7 .3

1760

2 1 3 .2

8 5 .5

1582

1 8 7 .0

6 0 .8

1611

1 50 .1

6 7 .0

655

No e l e v a t o r ---------------------------------------------

1 70 .0

7 5 .4

1021

(1 /)

(1 /)

(I/)

(I/)

(I/)

(I/)

(I/)

C l/)

a /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

1 5 7 .8

81.6

740

Not
Type

in
of

a m etrop olita n
fram in g:

L o a d -b e a rin g

2 -4
5

and

A ir

area—

co n d itio n e d :

F u l l ---------------------------------------------------------

2 2 0 .3

7 6 .0

1622

2 41 .4

7 2.2

1967

2 3 4 .9

7 8 .1

1682

2 0 9 .9

8 4 .6

1499

1 8 5 .6

5 9 .8

1386

1 4 8 .5

7 5 .2

687

P a r t i a l --------------------------------------------------

2 0 1 .7

7 6 .6

2135

2 2 8 .3

7 8 .3

2593

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

C l/)

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

C l/)

Not

c o n d i t i o n e d ---------------------

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

a / )

(1 /)

(1 /)

p a rtia l

b a s e m e n t ---------

2 1 7 .5

7 5 .4

1756

2 2 4 .7

7 2 .0

2292

2 3 9 .6

7 7 .6

1775

2 1 1 .6

8 5 .8

1678

1 8 3 .7

6 1 .9

1441

1 7 3 .2

7 8 .1

833

No b a s e m e n t ----------------------------------------

2 1 5 .6

7 8 .8

1486

2 5 6 .8

7 7 .8

1963

(1 /)

C l/)

(1 /)

1 9 7 .6

8 1 .5

1234

C l/)

ci/)

ci/)

1 4 3 .1

70.9

625

2 1 9 .2
C\ A

7 7 .6
( 1 A

1694
(i A

2 33 .6

74.2

2148

2 2 6 .7

7 7 .2

1709

2 1 0 .5

8 5 .9
A /
v . 1A;

1553

1 7 7 .4

6 6 .3

1173

1 53 .9

7 3.7

695

)

2 05 .7

6 5 .6

1722

C l/)

(i/)

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

w arrant

p re se n ta tio n .

a ir

F u ll

or

E x terior:
M a s o n r y -------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------1_/

In su fficie n t




coverage

to

v-w
—

—

(1 /)

(1 /)

(1 /)

C l/)
—

T ab le

4.

O nsite

m an-hour

requ irem en ts

per

100

square

fe e t

of

h osp ita l

and n u r s in g

home

con stru ction ,

by

occu p a tion

and

region

N u rsing

H osp ita ls
U n ited

O ccu pa tion

Percent

S tates
M an-hou rs

Percent

w orked
A ll

o c c u p a t i o n s -----------

1 0 0 .0

A sbestos

N orth

N ortheast
M an-hou rs

P ercent

w orked

2 1 7 .0

1 0 0 .0

South

C entral
M an -h ou rs

P ercent

2 3 6 .5

1 0 0 .0

M an-hou rs

Percent

w orked

w orked

U n ited

W est

2 2 8 .5

1 0 0 .0

2 0 7 .6

M an -h ou rs

Percent

1 8 4 .3

M an-hou rs
w orked

w orked
1 0 0 .0

homes
S ta tes

1 0 0 .0

1 5 3 .7

w o r k e r s ---------------------

1 .9

4 .2

1 .6

3 .9

2 .5

5 .7

1 .8

3 .7

1 .5

2 .7

1 .7

2 .6

B r i c k l a y e r s ---------------------------------

5 .0

1 0.9

6 .6

1 5 .6

6 .2

1 4 .2

3 .9

8 .2

1 .6

3 .0

6 .4

9 .8

C a r p e n t e r s -----------------------------------

1 3 .0

28.2

1 5 .1

3 5 .8

1 0.9

2 5 .0

1 2 .2

2 5 .4

1 5 .5

2 8 .6

1 5.2

2 3 .4

f i n i s h e r s ---------------------

1 .4

3 .0

1 .0

2 .4

1 .5

3 .5

1 .3

2 .7

1 .8

3 .4

1 .2

1 .8

E l e c t r i c i a n s ------------------------------

9 .9

2 1 .4

1 0 .0

2 3 .7

1 0 .5

2 3 .9

9 .3

1 9 .3

9 .6

17.7

7 .8

1 2 .0

E levator

Cement

m e c h a n i c s ----------------

0 .9

1 .9

0 .8

1 .9

0 .7

1 .6

1 .1

2 .2

1 .0

1 .9

0 .5

0 .7

G l a z i e r s ----------------------------------------

0 .4

0 .9

0 .3

0 .8

0 .4

1 .0

0 .4

0 .8

0 .5

0 .9

0 .6

0 .9

L a t h e r s ------------------------------------------

2 .9

6 .4

2 .9

6 .8

2 .5

5 .7

2 .1

4 .4

5 .9

1 0 .8

2 .5

3 .8

O perating

1 .8

4 .0

2 .2

5 .3

1 .8

4 .0

1 .7

3 .6

1 .6

2 .9

1 .8

z .8
0 .4

e n g i n e e r s -------------w orkers—

0 .7

1 .5

0 .7

1 .7

1 .1

2 .4

0 .3

0 .7

0 .4

0 .8

0 .3

P a i n t e r s ----------------------------------------

2 .6

5 .7

2 .3

5 .4

2 .6

6 .0

2 .8

5 .9

2 .9

5 .3

4 .7

7 .3

P l a s t e r e r s -----------------------------------

3 .2

7 .0

2 .9

6 .9

2 .9

6 .7

3 .1

6 .5

4 .8

8 .8

3 .1

4 .8

P l u m b e r s ----------------------------------------

O rnam ental

iro n

15.7

3 4 .0

1 5 .2

3 5 .9

1 8 .0

4 1 .1

13.7

2 8 .5

1 5 .5

2 8 .6

1 3 .7

2 1 .1

w orkers-

1 .6

3 .4

2 .2

5 .1

1 .3

2 .9

1 .3

2 .8

1 .6

3 .0

0 .5

0 .7

R o o f e r s ------------------------------------------

0 .6

1 .3

0 .6

1 .4

0 .5

1 .2

0 .7

1 .4

0 .5

1 .0

1 .2

1 .8

Sheet

w o r k e r s --------------

5 .5

1 2 .0

4 .4

1 0 .5

7 .2

1 6 .4

3 .9

8 .1

7 .4

1 3 .6

3 .5

5 .4

l a y e r s ------------------

0 .4

0 .9

0 .3

0 .7

0 .4

0 .8

0 .5

1 .0

0 .8

1 .4

0 .7

1 .0

iron

0 .8

1 .7

0 .7

1 .7

0 .7

1 .6

0 .6

1 .2

1 .7

3 .2

1 .4

2 .1
0 .5

R e in fo rcin g

S oft

m etal
floor

Structural

w orkers—

w o r k e r s ---------------------

0 .5

1 .0

0 .9

2 .1

0 .3

0 .7

0 .1

0 .2

0 .7

1 .3

0 .3

s e t t e r s ------------------------------

1 .2

2 .5

0 .9

2 .1

1 .2

2 .7

1 .4

3 .0

0 .8

1 .5

1 .2

1 .8

0 .9

0 .5

1 .1

0 .6

1 .4

0 .2

0 .4

0 .3

0 .5

0 .3

0 .5
0 .6

Terrazzo
T ile

iron

O ther

b u ild in g

t r a d e s ---------

0 .4

Truck

d r i v e r s ----------------------------

0 .5

1 .1

0 .5

1 .1

0 .4

1 .0

0 .5

1 .0

0 .9

1 .6

0 .4

t e n d e r s --------------

6 .3

13.6

4 .4

1 0 .4

6 .0

1 3 .6

7 .9

1 6 .5

6 .8

1 2 .6

6 .1

9 .4

L a b o r e r s ----------------------------------------

1 9 .4

4 2 .2

1 9 .5

4 6 .1

3 9 .9

2 5 .5

5 3 .0

0 .1

0 .3

0 .3

0 .6

1 7 .5
—

0 .3

0 .3

0 .6

1 0 .4
—

1 9 .1
—

2 0 .6
—

3 1 .7
—

2 .3

5 .0

2 .3

5 .5

2 .1

4 .8

2 .3

4 .7

2 .7

4 .9

4 .4

6 .8

—

—

H elpers

and

C u stod ia l

w o r k e r s ------------------

S u p erv isors

and

general

f o r e m e n ------------------------------------P rofession a l
n ica l
C lerica l

and

tech-

e m p l o y e e s — 1-------------

0 .6

1 .3

0 .4

1 .0

0 .2

0 .4

0 .5

1 .0

2 .3

4 .2

e m p l o y e e s ----------------

0 .3

0 .7

0 .4

1 .0

0 .1

0 .3

0 .4

0 .8

0 .5

1 .0

NOTE:

Because




of

ro u n d in g,

su m s

of

in d iv id u a l

item s

m ay n o t

add

to

tota ls.

T ab le

5.

M an-hou r

requirem ents

per

$1000

U n ited

of

h o sp ita l

con stru ction

S tates

contract,

by

o ccu p a tion

N orth

N ortheast

and

region ,

1965-66

South

C entral

W est

O ccu p a tion
M an -h ou rs

Percent

P ercent

A ll

o c c u p a t i o n s -----------

1 0 0 .0

76.1

1 0 0 .0

A sbestos

M an-hou rs

P ercent

M an-hou rs

P ercent

M a n -h ou rs

P ercent

7 4 .2

1 0 0 .0

7 7 .5

1 0 0 .0

8 4.7

1 0 0 .0

M an -h ou rs

6 2 .4

w o r k e r s ---------------------

1 .9

1 .5

1 .7

1 .2

2 .5

1 .9

1 .8

1 .5

1 .5

0 .9

B r i c k l a y e r s ---------------------------------

5 .0

3 .8

6 .6

4 .9

6 .2

4 .8

4 .0

3 .4

1 .6

1 .0

C a r p e n t e r s -----------------------------------

9 .7

1 3.0

9 .9

1 5 .1

1 1 .2

1 0 .9

8 .5

1 2 .2

1 0 .3

1 5 .5

f i n i s h e r s ---------------------

1 .4

1 .0

1 .0

0 .8

1 .5

1 .2

1 .3

1 .1

1 .8

1 .1

E l e c t r i c i a n s ------------------------------

9 .9

7 .5

1 0 .0

7 .4

1 0 .4

8 .1

9 .3

7 .9

9 .6

6 .0

E leva tor

Cement

m e c h a n i c s ----------------

0 .9

0 .7

0 .8

0 .6

0 .7

0 .5

1 .1

0 .9

1 .1

0 .7

G l a z i e r s ----------------------------------------

0 .4

0 .3

0 .3

0 .3

0 .4

0 .3

0 .4

0 .3

0 .5

0 .3

L a t h e r s ------------------------------------------

2 .9

2 .2

2 .9

2 .1

2 .5

1 .9

2 .1

1 .8

5 .9

3 .7

O perating

1 .8

1 .4

2 .2

1 .7

1 .8

1 .4

1 .7

1 .5

1 .6

1 .0

w orkers—

0 .7

0 .5

0 .7

0 .5

1 .1

0 .8

0 .4

0 .3

0 .4

0 .3

P a i n t e r s ----------------------------------------

2 .6

2 .0

2 .3

1 .7

2 .6

2 .0

2 .9

2 .4

2 .9

1 .8

P l a s t e r e r s -----------------------------------

3 .2

2 .5

2 .9

2 .2

2 .9

2 .3

3 .1

2 .7

4 .8

3 .0

P l u m b e r s ----------------------------------------

1 5.6

11.9

1 5 .2

1 1 .3

1 7.9

1 3 .9

1 3 .7

1 1 .6

1 5 .5

9 .7

1 .6

1 .2

2 .1

1 .6

1 .3

1 .0

1 .3

1 .1

1 .6

1 .0

e n g i n e e r s --------------

O rnam ental

iro n

R ein forcin g

ir o n

w orkers-

R o o f e r s -------------------------------------------

0 .6

0 .5

0 .6

0 .4

0 .5

0 .4

0 .7

0 .6

0 .6

0 .4

Sheet

w o r k e r s --------------

5 .5

4 .2

4 .5

3 .3

7 .2

5 .6

3 .9

3 .3

7 .4

4 .6

l a y e r s ------------------

0 .4

0 .3

0 .3

0 .2

0 .3

0 .3

0 .5

0 .4

0 .7

0 .5

iron

0 .8

0 .6

0 .7

0 .5

0 .7

0 .5

0 .6

0 .5

1 .7

1 .1

w o r k e r s ---------------------

0 .5

0 .3

0 .9

0 .7

0 .3

0 .2

0 .1

0 .1

0 .7

0 .5

s e t t e r s ------------------------------

1 .1

0 .9

0 .9

0 .6

1 .2

0 .9

1 .5

1 .2

0 .8

0 .5

0 .5

0 .3

0 .6

0 .5

0 .2

0 .2

0 .3

0 .2
0 .5

S oft

m etal
floor

Structural
Terrazzo
T ile

w orkers—

O ther

b u ild in g

t r a d e s ---------

0 .4

0 .3

Truck

d r i v e r s ----------------------------

0 .5

0 .4

0 .5

0 .4

0 .4

0 .3

0 .5

0 .4

0 .9

t e n d e r s --------------

6 .3

4 .8

4 .4

3 .3

6 .0

4 .6

8 .0

6 .7

6 .8

4 .3

L a b o r e r s ----------------------------------------

1 9 .4

1 4 .8

1 9 .5

1 4 .5

1 7 .4

1 3 .5

2 5 .5

2 1 .6

1 0 .4

6 .5

0 .2

0 .1

0 .3

0 .2

—

—

0 .3

0 .2

—

—

2 .3

1 .7

2 .3

1 .7

2 .1

1 .6

2 .3

1 .9

2 .7

i.7

H elpers

and

C u stod ia l

w orkers

S u p erin ten d en ts
general

f o r e m e n ------------------

P rofession a l
n ica l
C lerica l

and

tech-

e m p l o y e e s -------------------

0 .6

0 .5

0 .4

0 .3

0 .2

0 .2

0 .5

0 .4

2 .3

1 .4

e m p l o y e e s ----------------

0 .3

0 .3

0 .4

0 .3

0 .1

0 .1

0 .4

0 .3

0 .5

0 .3

NOTE:




and

Because

of

ro u n d in g,

sums

of

in d iv id u a l

item s

may n o t

add

to

tota ls.

T a b l e

6 .

A p p r e n t i c e s

a s

a

p e r c e n t

o f

e m p l o y m e n t ,

b y

o c c u p a t i o n

a n d

r e g i o n

H o s p i t a l s

• N u r s i n g

h o m e s

O c c u p a t i o n
U n i t e d

A

S t a t e s

N o r t h e a s t

N o r t h

C e n t r a l

S o u t h

W e s t

U n i t e d

S t a t e s

4 . 7

3 . 9

4 . 0

5 . 1

7 . 2

5 . 5

t r a d e s ---------------------------------------------

6 . 7

5 . 4

5 . 4

8 . 1

9 . 5

8 . 1

w o r k e r s --------------------------------------

0 . 0

l l

S k i l l e d

w o r k e r s

2 . 0

0 . 0

0 . 0

7 . 3

0 . 0

B r i c k l a y e r s

4 . 0

5 . 7

2 . 6

4 . 2

3 . 2

1 . 9

C a r p e n t e r s ------------------------------------------------------------

4 . 6

1 . 8

3 . 9

5 . 6

9 . 4

4 . 8

A s b e s t o s

f i n i s h e r s --------------------------------------

1 . 5

0 . 6

0 . 5

3 . 7

0 . 6

0 . 0

E

l e c t r i c i a n s -----------------------------------------------------

1 2 . 0

9 . 7

9 . 5

1 6 . 0

1 3 . 7

1 2 . 2

G

C e m e n t

l a z i e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

4 . 9

3 . 8

5 . 6

1 . 4

1 0 . 7

4 . 5

L a t h e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

9 . 2

7 . 5

2 . 1

8 . 5

1 8 . 3

5 . 0

O r n a m e n t a l

w o r k e r s -------------

4 . 1

1 . 3

5 . 8

5 . 4

0 . 4

0 . 0

P a i n t e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

3 . 4

1 . 2

0 . 3

2 . 8

1 4 . 4

5 . 2

i r o n

P l a s t e r e r s ------------------------------------------------------------

5 . 5

8 . 4

1 . 3

6 . 7

6 . 3

0 . 7

P l u m b e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

8 . 7

8 . 2

7 . 5

9 . 8

1 0 . 5

1 8 . 6

R e i n f o r c i n g

1 . 2

0 . 4

1 . 3

1 . 7

1 . 7

9 . 5

7 . 6

0 . 0

7 . 8

1 1 . 9

1 0 . 7

2 6 . 6

i r o n

w o r k e r s ---------

R o o f e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------S h e e t - m
S o f t

e t a l

f l o o r

8 . 1

5 . 1

8 . 8

1 0 . 0

7 . 6

9 . 2

6 . 7

2 . 5

3 . 5

3 . 1

1 9 . 1

3 . 4

i r o n

w o r k e r s -------------

2 . 4

3 . 8

0 . 8

1 . 2

3 . 8

3 . 4

w o r k e r s --------------------------------------

7 . 5

1 5 . 0

0 . 0

0 . 0

0 . 0

0 . 0

s e t t e r s -----------------------------------------------------

1 2 . 0

1 4 . 3

1 1 . 2

1 2 . 7

7 . 3

1 . 7

S t r u c t u r a l
T e r r a z z o
T i l e

w o r k e r s --------------------------l a y e r s ----------------------------------




Table 7.

Percent of total man-hour requirements, by type of contractor and region

Hospitals

Nursing homes

Type of contractor
Northeast

North Central

South

West

Total-------------------------------------

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

General-----------------------------------------Street, e t c . ---------------------------------

36.5
0.4

40.4
0.3

34.0
0.5

38.4
0.6

30.8
0.2

37.0
0.6

Plumbing and heating------------------Painting, e t c . -----------------------------Electrical------------------------------------Masonry-----------------------------------------Plastering and lathing--------------Terrazzo and t i l e work--------------Carpentry and millwork--------------Flooring----------------------------------------Roofing and sheet metal-------------Concrete work-------------------------------Structural ste e l erections-------Ornamental metal work----------------Glazing-----------------------------------------Excavation, e t c . -------------------------Demolition------------------------------------Installed building equipment----A ll other types----------------------------

24.7
2.5
10.1
2.1
8.5
3.1
0.2
0.8
1.1
0.5
1.5
0.7
0.5
1.3
0.1
1.9
3.5

21.3
2.3
10.1
2.5
7.6
2.9
0,2
0.7
1.0
0.6
1.9
0. 7
0.4
1.6
0.1
1.5
4.0

29.7
2.5
10.9
0.8
7.4
2.7
0.5
0.8
0.9
0.5
1.4
1.1
0.5
1.2
0.1
1.6
3.0

22.5
2.5
9.6
3.7
8.0
3.7
0.0
0.7
1.3
0.3
0.6
0.4
0.5
1.1
0.0
2.4
3.6

C
N

21.3
4.7
8.7
4.7
7.5
3.9
0.1
0.9
2.3
0.5
1.5
0.3
0.7
1.0
0.0
0.8
3.5

NOTE:




Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not add to to ta ls.

r
-'.

United States

2.9
9.6
1.0
13.7
3.3
0.0
0.8
1.3
0.5
3.1
0.4
0.6
1.0
0.1
2.6
3.6

United States

Table 8.

Wages as a percent of contract costs

Hospitals

Under 20.0----------------------20.1 - 22.5--------------------22.6 - 25.0--------------------25.1 - 27.5--------------------27.6 - 30.0--------------------30.1 - 32.5--------------------32.6 and over




0.0
9.0
12.3
22.0
18.7
17.5
20.5

29 -

Nursing homes

0.0
41.7
10.4
24.0
24.0
0.0
0.0

Table 9. Average onsite hourly earnings, by selected characteristics and regions

Characteristics

United States
Northeast
ages as Average W
Average W
ages as
hourly percent of hourly percent of
wage
contract
wage
contract

Hospitals
South
West
North Central
ages as
Average W
ages as Average W
ages as Average W
percent of hourly percent of
hourly percent of hourly
wage
contract
wage
contract
wage
contract

Nursing hom
es
United States
Average W
ages as
percent of
hourly
wage
contract

A ll projects-----------------------

$3.89

29.6

$ 4.20

31.2

$ 4.04

31.3

$ 3.22

27.3

$ 4.46

27.8

$ 3.48

N --------------------------------ew
Additions-------------------------

3.75
3.99

28.0
30.8

4.52
4.17

30.4
31.3

3.82
4.18

29.3
32.6

3.20
3.25

27.2
27.4

4.68
4.18

26.9
29.2

3.48

25.6

—

—

In a metropolitan area-----Not in a metropolitan area-

4.10
3.39

30.5
27.2

4.27
3.94

31.6
29.6

4.35
3.49

33.5
27.3

3.42
2.87

28.3
25.3

4.53
4.13

27.5
29.1

3.53
3.43

26.5
24.9

Type of framing:
Steel-----------------------------Reinforced concrete----------Combination---------------------Load-bearing masonry---------

4.04
3.85
( 1/)
3.74

27.1
30.7
( 1/)
30.8

4.27
4.19
( 1/)

29.9
32.1
( 1/)

(1/)
4.10

( 1/)
32.0

4.67
4.17

27.1
28.4

—

—

—

—

—

( 1/)

( 1/)

23.5
28.5
( 1/)

—

3.09
3.26
( 1/)
( 1/)

(I/)

(l/>

( 1/)

3.68
( 1/)
(1/)
3.09

25.3
( 1/)
( 1/)
24.1

1 story----------------------- -------2-4 stories------------------------5 or more stories----------------

3.28
3.75
4.06

25.0
29.1
30.5

4.14
4.26

(1/)

( 1/)
30.8
31.9

( 1/)
3.95
4.26

( 1/)
29.8
33.7

3.06
3.08
3.36

23.8
26.8
28.5

( 1/)
( 1/)

( 1/)
( 1/)

Elevator----------------------------N elevator------------------------o

3.93
3.31

29.9
25.0

4.22

31.3

3.24

(1/)

4.13
( 1/)

31.9

(1/)

(I/)

Q7)

27.7
( 1/)

Air conditioned:
Full-------------------------------Partial---------------------------Not air conditioned-----------

25.6

3.22
( 1/)

24.7
( 1/)
—

4.53

27.6

—

4.52

27.5
( 1/)

4.04
2.92

27.1
23.9

Q7)

3.86
4.03

29.4
30.8

4.26
4.10

30.8
32.1

4.04
( 1/)

3.18
( 1/)

4.56
(1/)

27.2
( 1/)

3.35
( 1/)

25.2
( 1/)

—

31.6
(1/)

26.9
( 1/)

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

(I/)

07)

Full or p artial basement-----N basement------------------------o

3.93
3.73

29.7
29.4

4.10
4.36

29.5
33.9

4.13

32.1
( 1/)

3.26
3.10

28.0
25.2

4.48
( 1/)

27.7
( 1/)

3.39
3.53

26.5
25.1

Masonry------------------------------Curtain wall-----------------------Other---------------------------------

3.83
( 1/)
4.33

29.7
( 1/)
28.4

26.8
( 1/)
( 1/)

4.28

28.4

—

—

—

—

(I/)

—

—

31.2

4.04

31.2

3.12

—

—

—

—

—

—

(1/)
(I/)

4.20

T7 Insufficient coverage to warrant presentation.




(I/)

(1/)

(1/)

( 1/)

3.48

25.6

Table 10.

Man-hour requirements per 100 square feet of construction
..............
Hospitals
f 1965-66

1959-60

Percent change

Nursing homes
1965-66

A ll sectors-------------------------------------

507

544

-

6.8

375

Construction
Onsite construction---------------------------O ffsite construction--------------------------

217
29

230
28

+

5.7
3.6

154
18

Agriculture--------------------------------------------Mining-----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing-----------------------------------------Lumber products----------------------------------Furniture--------------------------------------------Paper----------------------------------------------------Printing----------------------------------------------Chemical----------------------------------------------Stone, clay, and glass products-----Primary metals-----------------------------------Fabricated metal products----------------Machinery--------------------------------------------Electrical products---------------------------Instruments-----------------------------------------Other-----------------------------------------------------

5
6
183
10
4
3
3
4
28
26
39
25
25
7
9

7
9
203
11
2
4
3
4
32
31
47
25
26
8
10

- 28.6
- 33.3
- 9.9
- 9.1
+100.0
- 25.0
0.0
0.0
- 12.5
- 16.1
- 17.0
0 .0
3.8
- 12.5
- 10.0

5
5
139
14
3
3
2
3
22
18
33
15
14
4
7

Transportation---------------------------------------Trade (excluding r e t a i l ) ---------------------Services--------------------------------------------------Other--------------------------------------------------------

18
19
14
15

22
15
13
17

- 18.2
+ 26.7
+ 7.7
- 11.8

14
16
11
12




NOTE:

Because of rounding, sums of individual items m not add to to ta ls.
ay




Table 11.

Average number of weeks for hospital construction

Cost

Northeast

North Central

South

West

United States

Under $500,000--------------------------

(1 /)

(1 /)

51

( 1 /)

50

$500,000 - $999,999-----------------

(1 /)

(1/)

( 1 /)

—

67

$1,000,000 - $1,999,999----------

121

(1 /)

99

( 1 /)

105

Over $2,000,000------------------------

132

131

121

117

127

All classes-------------------------------

105

106

80

75

91

1/

Insufficient coverage to warrant presentation.

Table 13. Total cost of materials per 100 square feet of hospital
construction, 1965-66

Selected products and product groups

A ll
hospital
proj ects

New
hospital
projects

Hospital
addition
*.proj ects

A ll products------------------------------------------------------

$1474.26

$1445.37

$1496.02

Metal products (except plumbing and heating)----Fabricated structural metal products------------------Reinforcing bars and j o i s t s -------------------------------Structural s te e l---------------------------------------------------Fabricated sheet metal----------------------------------------Metal windows--------------------------------------------------------Metal doors------------------------------------------------------------Registers, g r i l l s and diffusers------------------------Ornamental metal---------------------------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------------------

337.33
217.09
66.70
45.64
39.81
14.77
6.79
4.84
17.44

337.19
221.84
56.87
54.90
38.87
22.67
14.45
9.35
5.82
18.91

337.42
213.51
74.11
38.65
40.52
19.91
15.02
4.86
4.11
16.33

Other fabricated metal products---------------------------Builder’ s hardware-----------------------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------------------

36.73
29.64
7.09

33.64
25.86
7.78

39.04
32.49
6.55

Other metal products-----------------------------------------------Metal casework------------------------------------------------------Galvanized sheet metal----------------------------------------Aluminum sheet metal--------------------------------------------Partitions, lockers, and shelves----------------------Lead-------------------------------------------------------------------------Copper products-----------------------------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------------------

83.51
35.21
23.71
7.90
6.41
5.56
1.78
2.94

81.71
30.44
25.23
9.54
6.13
5.32

84.87
38.80
22.56

3.04

6.62
5.75
1.61
2.87

Stone, clay, and glass products----------------------------

267.01

244.14

284.26

Cement, concrete and gypsum products------------------Ready-mix concrete-----------------------------------------------Precast concrete products-----------------------------------Concrete block and brick------------------------------------Gypsum products-----------------------------------------------------Cement---------------------------------------------------------------------Lime-------------------------------------------------------------------------Concrete pipe---------------------------------------------------------

147.49
81.47
19.97
18.76
16.29
8.31
1.76
0.93

139.71
76.53
20.90
12.42
18.12

153.35
85.19
19.27
23.54
14.92
8.04
1.87
0.52

Structural clay products----------------------------------------Brick and structural t i l e -----------------------------------Ceramic t i l e ----------------------------------------------------------Clay sewer pipe-----------------------------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------------------

51.18
28.92
18.44

42.59
21.55
16.23
2.78
2.03




33 -

2 1 . 1 0

1 . 8 6

1.96

2 . 0 1

8 . 6 6

1.61
1.47

6 . 6 6

57.66
34.48
2 0 .1 0

1.17
1.91

Table 13. Total cost of materials per 100 square feet of hospital
construction, 1965-66— continued

Selected products and product groups

Other stone, clay and glass products------------------Fiberglas products-----------------------------------------------Vinyl t i l e (including vin yl-a sbestos)-------------Cut stone----------------------------------------------------------------Sand and gravel-----------------------------------------------------Window glass----------------------------------------------------------Asbestos insulation---------------------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------------------

A ll
hospital
projects

New
hospital
proj ects

Hospital
addition
proj ects

$

$

$

68.34
20.53
12.67
10.85
7.56
7.47
2 . 0 2

7.24

61.84
18.90
9.78
8.07
7.63
8.36
1.63
7.47

73.25
21.76
14.86
12.95
7.50
6.79
2.31
7.08

Fixed hospital equipment----------------------------------------Elevators, moving stairways and dum waitersb
X-ray and related equipment------------- ------------------Kitchen equipment-------------------------------------------------S terilizers and autoclaves---------------------------------Laundry equipment-------------------------------------------------Pneumatic tube system------------------------------------------Compressed air and oxygen systems--------------------Refrigerators, walk-in coolers and ice
stations--------------------------------------------------------------Laboratory equipment--------------------------------------------Tray conveyors-------------------------------------------------------Incinerators----------------------------------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------------------

237.98
67.33
43.84
42.00
24.82
13.49
9.73
6.48

224.98
57.48
26.03
43.91
29.44
7.43
5.26

247.78
74.75
57.26
40.56
21.34
14.87
11.46
7.40

6.13
4.13
3.73
2.89
13.41

8.81
9.21
6.69
3.87
15.19

4.12
0.30
1.50
2.15
12.07

Electrical equipment, fixtures and wire-------------Lighting fixtures-------------------------------------------------Intercom and fir e alarm system-------------------------Switchboards and panelboards-----------------------------Noncurrent-carrying devices-------------------------------Wire and cable-------------------------------------------------------Electric generating units-----------------------------------Current carrying wiring devices------------------------T.V. systems----------------------------------------------------------Clock and program systems-----------------------------------Transformers----------------------------------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------------------

180.23
44.51
30.65
28.69
25.42
15.61
11.46
10.92
3.60
3.25
3.04
3.08

181.13
39.98
31.10
22.75
28.66
14.31
14.05
16.15
5.30
3.11
2.57
3.15

179.54
47.93
30.31
33.16
22.97
16.59
9.50
6.98
2.32
3.34
3.39
3.05




34

1 1 . 6 6

T a b le 13.
T otal cost o f m aterials
c o n s t r u c t io n , 1965-66— continued

per

100

square

feet

of

h osp ital
New

h ospital

h ospital

H ospital
addition

proj ects

p rojects

p rojects

$

$

$

A ll
S elected

H eating,

products

ven tilatin g,

and p r o d u c t

and

air

groups

con dition in g

e q u i p m e n t ----------------------------------------------------------------A i r c o n d i t i o n i n g e q u i p m e n t ------------------------------R a d i a t o r s , c o n v e c t o r s , a n d b o i l e r s ------------Temperature

143.79
54.02

145.71

142.33

29.50

c o n t r o l s ---------------------------------------------

55.65
32.49

52.79
27.24

21.83

21.40

22.15

P u m p s , c o m p r e s s o r s ------------------------------------------------B l o w e r s , e x h a u s t , a n d f a n s ---------------------------O i l b u r n e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------

13.50
13.22
4.97

13.30
11.04
2.75

U n i t h e a t e r s a n d v e n t i l a t o r s --------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.08
2.67

5.58
3 .50

13.65
14.87
6.64
2.95
2.04

P l u m b i n g p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------------------P l u m b i n g f i x t u r e s ---------------------------------------------------

152.26
36.72

163.65
36.77

143.70

S t e e l a n d g a l v a n i z e d p i p e --------------------------------V a l v e s a n d s p e c i a l t i e s ---------------------------------------C a s t i r o n p i p e a n d f i t t i n g s -----------------------------

35.95
28.35

47.15
24.97

27.50
30.91

22.15

24.69

20.24

C o p p e r p i p e s --------------------------------------------------------------W a t e r t r e a t m e n t e q u i p m e n t --------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

20.85
2.10

23.20
1.78

6.14

5.09

19.07
2.35
6.94

L u m b e r a n d l u m b e r p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------M i l l w o r k --------------------------------------------------- --------------------

68.62
42.38

60.75
43.88

74.57
41.26

l u m b e r -----------------------------------

22.88

12.87

P l y w o o d -------------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.87
0.49

3.25
0.75

30.43
2.58
0.30

p i t c h e s --------------------------------------

11.78
4.45
3.14

13.35
5.24
3.45

10.61
3.86
2.90

A s p h a l t f e l t s -----------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.81
1.38

3.54
1.12

2.27
1.58

P a i n t a n d o t h e r c h e m i c a l c o m p o u n d s ----------------P a i n t -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

11.42
7.10
4.32

11.36
6.49
4.87

11.45
7.55
3.90

A l l o t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------C o n s t r u c t i o n e q u i p m e n t ----------------------------------------

63.84
36.87

63.11
35.84

64.36
37.65
13.38
5.06

Rough

and d r e s s e d

P etroleum
A sphalt
A sphalt

Other

p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------------------------p a v i n g ---------------------------------------------------------and

tar

accou stical

tile

a n d b o a r d -----------------

V in yl w a ll

c o v e r i n g -----------------------------------------------

11.80
4.25

9.69
3.16

Wo o d f i b e r

b o a r d ------------------------------------------------------

36.69

2.21

4.51

0.48

p a n e l s -------------------------- *
--------

2.18

2.67

1.82

O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

6.53

7.24

5.97

Laminated p l a s t i c

NOTE:
rounding,

Group
s u ms

of




totals

in clude

products

c o m p o n e n t s may n o t

equal

35

not

shown s e p a r a t e l y .

totals.

Because

of

Table

14.

contract,

Total

cost

of

m aterials

per

100

square

feet

of

h osp ital

construction

1959-60

A ll
S elected

products

and p r o d u c t

groups

New

H ospital

M etal

p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------------------------------

products

(except

plum bing

a n d h e a t i n g ) ------

F a b r i c a t e d s t r u c t u r a l m e t a l p r o d u c t s -----------------------R e i n f o r c i n g b a r s a n d j o i s t s ---------------------------------------S t r u c t u r a l s t e e l ----------------------------------------------------------------F a b r i c a t e d s h e e t m e t a l --------------------------------------------------M e t a l w i n d o w s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

h ospital

addition

proj ects
A ll

h ospital

proj ects

p rojects

$ 1410.99

$ 1428.90

$ 1367.16

371.89
249.70
95.38
56.01
37.11
30.51

375.83
260.45
100.62

362.17

61.23
37.96
29.16

223.41
82.56
43.25
35.02

M e t a l d o o r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O r n a m e n t a l m e t a l ----------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 0 . 2 2

20.39

33.80
19.81

10.32
0.15

10.94
0,15

0.15

O t h e r f a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------B u i l d e r ’ s h a r d w a r e -----------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

29.32

26.84

35.40

27.43
1.89

25.40
1.44

32.39
3.01

O t h e r m e t a l p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------------------------M e t a l c a s e w o r k ---------------------------------------------------------------------

92.87
35.18

88.54
35.31

103.36
34.86

a n d p i p e ----------------------------------------

21.52

21.27

2 2 . 1 2

G a l v a n i z e d s h e e t m e t a l --------------------------------------------------P a r t i t i o n s , l o c k e r s , a n d s h e l v e s -----------------------------

1 2 . 8 8

9.77
4.86

10.76
8.63
4.28

18.06
12.54
6.26

4.13
1.29

4.71
1.41

2.71

3.24

2.17

0.99
5.82

p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------

273.33

265.18

293.26

C e m e n t , c o n c r e t e , a n d g y p s u m p r o d u c t s ---------------------R e a d y m i x c o n c r e t e ------------------------------------------------------------

134.29
72.62

133.31
67.91

136.67
84.13

Gy p s u m p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------------------------------C o n c r e t e b l o c k a n d b r i c k ----------------------------------------------C e m e n t ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

22.84
15.93
10.06

2 1 . 8 6

17.76
9.77

25.23
11.45
10.79

P r e c a s t c o n c r e t e p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------L i m e -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------C o n c r e t e p i p e ------------------------------------------------------------------------

9.11
1.94
1.79

12.07

1 . 8 8

1 . 6 8

2.56
0.63

S t r u c t u r a l c l a y p r o d u c t s --------------------------------------------------B r i c k a n d s t r u c t u r a l t i l e --------------------------------------------

56.77
31.59

50.35
26.77
18.52

Copper

sheet

m etal

A l u m i n u m s h e e t m e t a l -------------------------------------------------------I n s u l a t i o n s h i e l d s -----------------------------------------------------------L e a d -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Stone,

clay,

Ceramic
Clay

and

glass

t i l e --------------------------------------------------------------------------

sewer

21.05

p i p e -------------------------------------------------------------------

2 . 8 8

O t h e r - ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.25




36

-

2.26

3.4 8
1.58

8.82

72.46
43.36
27.23
1.42
0.45

Table

14.

contract,

Total

cost

of

m aterials

per

100

square

feet

of

h osp ital

construction

1959-60— con tin u ed

A ll
S elected

products

and p r o d u c t

groups

New

H ospital

glass

p r o d u c t s ------ ---------------

h osp ital

addition

p rojects
O t h e r s t o n e , c l a y , and
F ib ergla s products

h osp ital

proj ects

p rojects

$

82.27

$

81.52

$

84.13
26.66

24.87
18.00

24.14
18.92

14.19
8.27
5.98
4.01

12.77

15.75
17.66

7.75
5.26
4.88

9.54
7.76
1.90

A s b e s t o s i n s u l a t i o n ---------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.49
4.46

2.94
4.86

1.37
3.49

F i x e d h o s p i t a l e q u i p m e n t --------------------------------------------------E l e v a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

229.38

240.90
50.97
39.00

201.29
77.40
19.35
25.82

C u t s t o n e --------------------------------------------------------------------------------V i n y l t i l e -----------------------------------------------------------------------------W i n d o w g l a s s -------------------------------------------------------------------------S a n d a n d g r a v e l ------------------------------------------------------------------A s p h a l t t i l e --------------------------------------------------------------------------

X-ray

and

related

e q u i p m e n t ----------------------------------------

S t e r i l i z e r s a n d a u t o c l a v e s -----------------------------------------K i t c h e n e q u i p m e n t --------------------------------------------------------------R e f r i g e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

58.65
33.29
31.63
27.59
17.43
15.55
14.94
7.66
5.41

34.01

3.45
1.54

3.14
1.63

12.24

13.25

1.31
9.78

E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t , f i x t u r e s , a n d w i r e --------------L i g h t i n g f i x t u r e s --------------------------------------------------------------N o n c u r r e n t - c a r r y i n g d e v i c e s ---------------------------------------S w i t c h b o a r d s a n d p a n e l b o a r d s --------------------------------------

154.75

158.84

144.75

39.90
28.10
27.67

40.69
27.96
29.07

37.97
28.45
24.26

I n t e r c o m a n d f i r e a l a r m s y s t e m --------------------------------W i r e a n d c a b l e --------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s f o r m e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

15.50
13.26
8.45

14.57
13.37
9.99

17.77
12.98
4.66

C u r r e n t - c a r r y i n g w i r i n g d e v i c e s ------------------------------P r o g r a m s y s t e m s ------------------------------------------------------------------E l e c t r i c c l o c k , t e l e p h o n e a n d T . V . s y s t e m -------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7.44
5.13
4.90
4.40

6.89
7.1 0
4.95
4.25

8.81
0.30
4.80

L a u n d r y e q u i p m e n t --------------------------------------------------------------E l e c t r i c g e n e r a t o r u n i t s ----------------------------------------------L a b o r a t o r y e q u i p m e n t -------------------------------------------------------P n e u m a t i c t u b e s y s t e m ----------------------------------------------------Compressed

air

and o x y g e n

s y s t e m s --------------------------

I n c i n e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




37

34.67
16.75
16.96
16.47
7.14

10.32
19.08
12.12

6.91

1.77
4.21

l l V 19
8.94

4.75

T able

14.

Total

contract,

cost

of

m aterials

per

100

square

feet

of

h osp ita l

New

A ll
S elected

products

and p r o d u c t

groups

Storage

H ospital
pro.i e c t s

$ 138.53
38.88

$ 147.53
42.03
42.27
29.33
11.41

$ 116.58
31.18

8.07

38.05
26.96
12.45

A i r c o n d i t i o n i n g e q u i p m e n t ------------------------------T e m p e r a t u r e c o n t r o l s --------------------------------------------B l o w e r s , e x h a u s t , a n d f a n s ------------------------------Pumps a n d c o m p r e s s o r s -----------------------------------------heaters

H ospital
addition

H ospital
proi ects

H e a t i n g , v e n t i l a t i n g , and a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g
e q u i p m e n t ----------------------------------------------------------------R a d i a t o r s , c o n v e c t o r s , a n d b o i l e r s -------------

Unit

construction

1 9 5 9 -6 0 — continued

8.56
6.18
4.59

proj ects

27.73
21.18
15.01

0.80

a n d v e n t i l a t o r s ---------------------------

t a n k s ------------------------------------------------------------

1.38
0.64

9.75
3 .80
2.99
3.72
1.22

2.06

O i l b u r n e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7.15
5.25

p r o d u c t s --------------------------------------------------------

122.88

121.42

126.46

P l u m b i n g f i x t u r e s --------------------------------------------------S t e e l a n d g a l v a n i z e d p i p e --------------------------------V a l v e s a n d s p e c i a l t i e s ----------------------------------------

40.07
37.87
25.82

41.24
33.71

37.23
48.05

25.29

C a s t i r o n p i p e a n d f i t t i n g s ----------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

15.03
4.09

16.73
4.45

27.13
10.88
3.17

Plumbing

L u m b e r a n d l u m b e r p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------M i l l w o r k ------------------------------------------------------------ -----------

59.51

55.05

70.38

O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

42.17
14.03
2.59
0.72

37.93
13.06
3 .10
0.96

52.51
16.39
1.34
0.14

p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------------------p a v i n g -----------------------------------------------------------

12.63
3.78

13.97
4.85

A s p h a l t a n d t a r p i t c h e s -------------------------------------A s p h a l t f e l t s ------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.31
2.36
3.18

3.31
2.20
3.61

9.36
1.17
3.32
2.74
2.13

P a i n t a nd o t h e r c h e m i c a l c o m p o u n d s -----------------P a i n t ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

11.35
6.51
4.84

11.50
6.56

A l l o t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------C o n s t r u c t i o n e q u i p m e n t ----------------------------------------I n s u l a t i n g b o a r d -----------------------------------------------------L a m i n a t e d p l a s t i c p a n e l s -----------------------------------O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

36.74

38.68

30.19
1.28
1.50
3.77

31.07

R o u g h a n d d r e s s e d l u m b e r ----------------------------------P l y w o o d --------------------------------------------------------------------------

Petroleum
Asphalt

NOTE:
rounding,

Group
s ums




of

totals

in clude

products

c o m p o n e n t s ma y n o t

not

equal

38

shown s e p a r a t e l y .

tota ls.

-

10.98
6.36
4.62

4.94

31.93
28.05
0.7 4
0.43
2.71

1.49
1.94
4.18
Because

of

Table

15.

Total

construction

S elected

A ll

cost

contract,

products

of

m aterial

components

for

and p r o d u c t

of

h ospital

H ospital
addition
proj ects

$ 516.99

$ 523.84

$ 512.11

122.24
80.42

115.51

a n d h e a t i n g ) ------

118.28
76.13
23.39
16.00

F a b r i c a t e d s h e e t m e t a l --------------------------------------------------M e t a l w i n d o w s ----------------------------------------------------------------------M e t a l d o o r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

13.96

14.09

7.40
5.18

8 . 2 2

R e g i s t e r s , g r i l l s a n d d i f f u s e r s ------------------------------O r n a m e n t a l m e t a l ----------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.38
1.70

3.39

6 . 1 2

6 . 8 6

5.14
1.67
1.41
5.59

O t h e r f a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------B u i l d e r ’ s h a r d w a r e ------------------------------------------------------------

1 2 . 8 6

1 2 . 2 0

13.37

10.39

9.37

O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.47

2.83

2.25

O t h e r m e t a l p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------------------------M e t a l c a s e w o r k ---------------------------------------------------------------------

29.29
12.35

29.62

G a l v a n i z e d s h e e t m e t a l --------------------------------------------------A l u m i n u m s h e e t m e t a l -------------------------------------------------------P a r t i t i o n s , l o c k e r s a n d s h e l v e s ------------------------------L e a d -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------C o p p e r p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

8.31
2.77

9.15
3.46

29.05
13.28
7.72

2.25

2 . 2 2

1.95
0.63

1.93

2.27
1.97

1.03

0.73
1.09

0.55
0.98

p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------

93.64

88.48

97.31

C e m e n t , c o n c r e t e , a n d g y p s u m p r o d u c t s ---------------------R e a d y - m i x c o n c r e t e ------------------------------------------------------------

50.64
27.74
7.58
4.50
6.57

52.50
29.16

P r e c a s t c o n c r e t e p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------C o n c r e t e b l o c k a n d b r i c k ----------------------------------------------Gy p s u m p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------------------------------

51.72
28.57
7.00
6.58
5.71

C e m e n t --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------L i m e -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------C o n c r e t e p i p e ------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.91
0.62
0.33

3.14
0.58
0.53

2.75
0.64
0.18

S t r u c t u r a l c l a y p r o d u c t s --------------------------------------------------B r i c k a n d s t r u c t u r a l t i l e ----------------------------------- --------

17.95
10.14

15.43
7.81

19.75
11.81

6.47

5.88

6 . 8 8

0.65
0.69

1 . 0 1

0.40

0.73

0 . 6 6

clay,

Ceramic
Clay

and

glass

plum bing

New
h ospital
proj ects

F a b r i c a t e d s t r u c t u r a l m e t a l p r o d u c t s -----------------------R e i n f o r c i n g b a r s a n d j o i s t s ---------------------------------------S t r u c t u r a l s t e e l -----------------------------------------------------------------

Stone,

(except

$1,000

A ll
h osp ital
p rojects

groups

p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------------------------------

M etal p rod u cts

each

1965-66

t i l e --------------------------------------------------------------------------

sewer

p i p e -------------------------------------------------------------------

O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




39

-

20.61
19.90

5.24
2 . 1 1

11.04

73.09
25.37
13.23
13.87
6.81

1 1 .1 2

2.28

6.60
8.06
5.11

T able

15.

Total

construction

cost

contract,

of

m aterial

1965-66

components

for

each

$1,000

of

New

h ospital
proj ects

h ospital
proj ects

H ospital
addition
p rojects

$

$

$

A ll
S elected

Other

stone,

products

clay,

and

and p r o d u c t

glass

h osp ital

con tinued

groups

p r o d u c t s ----------------------

F i b e r g l a s p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------------------------V i n y l t i l e ( i n c l u d i n g v i n y l - a s b e s t o s ) -----------------

23.97
7.20

22.41
6.85

25.06
7.45
5.09

4.45
3 .81

3.54
2.92

2.65
2.62

2.77
3.03

4.43
2.57
2.32

A s b e s t o s i n s u l a t i o n ---------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

0.71
2.53

0.59
2.71

0.79
2.41

F i x e d h o s p i t a l e q u i p m e n t --------------------------------------------------E l e v a t o r s , m o v i n g s t a i r w a y s a n d dumb w a i t e r s -

83.45
23.61

81.51
20.83

25.59

9.43
15.92

C u t s t o n e --------------------------------------------------------------------------------S a n d a n d g r a v e l ------------------------------------------------------------------W i n d o w g l a s s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

X -ray

and

related

84.82
19.60

e q u i p m e n t ----------------------------------------

15.37

K i t c h e n e q u i p m e n t --------------------------------------------------------------S t e r i l i z e r s a n d a u t o c l a v e s -----------------------------------------L a u n d r y e q u i p m e n t --------------------------------------------------------------P n e u m a t i c t u b e s y s t e m -----------------------------------------------------C o m p r e s s e d a i r a n d o x y g e n s y s t e m s -------------------------R e f r i g e r a t o r s , w a l k - i n c o o l e r s and i c e
s t a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------L a b o r a t o r y e q u i p m e n t --------------------------------------------------------

14.73
8.70

2.15
1.45

3.19
3.34

T r a y c o n v e y o r s --------------------------------------------------------------------I n c i n e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.31

2.42
1.4 0
5.48

0.5 1
0.74

E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t , f i x t u r e s a n d w i r e ----------------L i g h t i n g f i x t u r e s --------------------------------------------------------------I n t e r c o m a n d f i r e a l a r m s y s t e m --------------------------------S w i t c h b o a r d s a n d p a n e l b o a r d s -------------------------------------N o n c u r r e n t - c a r r y i n g d e v i c e s ---------------------------------------W i r e a n d c a b l e ---------------------------------------------------------------------E l e c t r i c g e n e r a t i n g u n i t s --------------------------------------------C u r r e n t - c a r r y i n g w i r i n g d e v i c e s ------------------------------T . V . s y s t e m s ---------- ;---------------------------------------------------------------

63.21
15.61

65.65
14.49
11.27

61.46
16.41
10.38

8.25
10.39
5.19

11.35
7.86
5.68

5.09
5.85
1.92

3.25
2.39
0.79

C l o c k a n d p r o g r a m s y s t e m s --------------------------------------------T r a n s f o r m e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.14
1.07

1.13
0.93

1.15
1.16

O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1.09

1.14

1.04




4.73
3.41
2.27

1 . 0 1

4.71

10.75
10.06
8.91
5.47
4.02
3.83
1.26

13.89
7.30
5.09
3.92

10.67
4.23
2.69
1.91

2.53
1.41
0 . 1 0

4.14

4-

40

-

T a b le 15.
T o t a l cost, o f m a t e r ia l components
c o n s tr u c tio n c o n tr a c t, 1 9 6 5-66— continued

for

each

$1,000

A ll
S elected

products

and p r o d u c t

of

T

New

h osp ital
proj ects

h osp ita l
p rojects

H ospital
ad d ition
p rojects

$

groups

H e a t i n g , v e n t i l a t i n g , and a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g
e q u i p m e n t -----------------------------------------------------------------

$

$

50.42

A i r c o n d i t i o n i n g e q u i p m e n t -------------------------------R a d i a t o r s , c o n v e c t o r s , a n d b o i l e r s ------------T e m p e r a t u r e c o n t r o l s ---------------------------------------------

18.94
10.34
7.66

P u m p s , c o m p r e s s o r s -------------------------------------------------B l o w e r s , e x h a u s t s , a n d f a n s ----------------------------O i l b u r n e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------

4.73
4.64
1.74

U n i t h e a t e r s a n d v e n t i l a t o r s --------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Plumbing

18.07

11.78
7.76
4.82

9.33
7.58
4.67

4.00
1 . 0 0

5.09
2.27

2 . 0 2

1 . 0 1

1.27

0.70

59.31

49.18

1 2 . 8 8

13.33
17.09
9.05

12.56
9.41
10.58

8.95
8.41
0.64
1.84

6.93
6.53
0.80
2.37

2 2 . 0 1

25.52
14.12
10.42

12.61
9.94
7.77

W a t e r t r e a t m e n t e q u i p m e n t ---------------------------------O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7.31
0.74
2.14

L u m b e r a n d l u m b e r p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------M i l l w o r k ------------------------------------------------------------------------

24.07
14.87

l u m b e r ------------------------------------

8 . 0 2

P l y w o o d --------------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

0.17

Petroleum
A sphalt

48.72

20.17

53.39

p r o d u c t s --------------------------------------------------------

and d r e s s e d

52.82

1.43
0.94

P l u m b i n g f i x t u r e s ---------------------------------------------------S t e e l a n d g a l v a n i z e d p i p e ---------------------------------V a l v e s a n d s p e c i a l t i e s ----------------------------------------C a s t i r o n p i p e a n d f i t t i n g s ----------------------------C o p p e r p i p e s ---------------------------------------------------------------

Rough

h ospital

1 . 0 1

15.90
4.66
1.18
0.27

0 . 8 8

3.64
1.32
0.78
0.54

0 . 1 0

p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------------------p a v i n g -----------------------------------------------------------

4.13
1.56

A s p h a l t a n d t a r p i t c h e s ------ -------------------------------A s p h a l t f e l t s ------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

0.99
0.48

4.83
1.90
1.25
1.28
0.4 0

4.00

4.11

3.92

2.49
1.51

2.35
1.76

2.59
1.33

22.40
12.92

2 2 . 8 8

12.99

22.03
12.90

1 . 1 0

P a i n t a n d o t h e r c h e m i c a l c o m p o u n d s -----------------P a i n t ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------------A ll

o t h e r ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

C onstruction
Other

e q u i p m e n t -----------------------------------------

accou stical

a n d b o a r d ------------------

4.14

3.51

4.5 8

V inyl w a ll

c o v e r i n g -----------------------------------------------

1.49

1.15

Wo o d

b o a r d ------------------------------------------------------

0.78

1-64

p a n e l s ------------------------------------

0.77

O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.3 0

0.97
2.62

1.73
0.1 6
0.62
2.04

fiber

Lam inated p l a s t i c

NOTE:
rounding,

Group
s u ms




tile

1 . 0 0

totals
of

in clude

products

c o m p o n e n t s ma y n o t

not

equal
41 -

shown s e p a r a t e l y .
totals.

Because

of

Table 16. Total cost of material components for each $1,000 of hospital
construction contract, 1959-60

Selected products and product groups

A ll
hospital
projects

New
hospital
projects

Hospital
addition
projects

A ll products------------------------------------------------------

$ 544.23

$ 560.63

$ 506.39

Metal products (except plumbing and heating)----Fabricated structural metal products------------------Reinforcing bars and jo i s t s -------------------------------Structural s te e l---------------------------------------------------Fabricated sheet metal products------------------------Metal windows--------------------------------------------------------Metal doors------------------------------------------------------------Ornamental metal---------------------------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------------------

143.43
96.31
36.79
21.60
14.31
11.77
7.80
3.98
0.06

147.45
102.18
39.48
24.02
14.89
11.44
8.00
4.29
0.06

134.16
82.75
30.58
16.02
12.97
12.52
7.34
3.27
0.05

Other fabricated metal products---------------------------Builder’ s hardware------------ ▼
---------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------------------

11.31
10.58
0.73

10.52
9.96
0.56

13.12
12.00
1.12

Other metal products-----------------------------------------------Metal casework-------------------------------------------------------Copper sheet metal and pipe-------------------------------Galvanized sheet metal----------------------------------------P artition s, lockers, and shelves----------------------Aluminum sheet metal--------------------------------------------Insulation shields-----------------------------------------------Lead-------------------------------------------------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------------------

35.81
13.57
8.30
4.97
3.77
1.87
1.59
0.50
1.24

34.75
13.85
8.35
4.22
3.39
1.69
1.85
0.55
0.85

38.29
12.91
8.19
6.69
4.65
2.33
1.00
0.37
2.15

Stone, clay and glass products------------------------------

105.41

104.05

108.59

Cement, concrete, and gypsum products----------------Ready-mix concrete-----------------------------------------------Gypsum products-----------------------------------------------------Concrete block and brick---------- *
-------------------------Cement------------------------------------------ 1
-------------------------Precast concrete products-----------------------------------Lime-------------------------------------------------------------------------Concrete pipe---------------------------------------------------------

51.79
28.01
8.81
6.14
3.88
3.51
0.75
0.69

52.30
26.64
8.58
6.97
3.83
4.73
0.66
0.89

50.62
31.16
9.35
4.24
3.99
0.70
0.95
0.23

Structural clay products----------------------------------------Brick and structural t i l e -----------------------------------Ceramic t i l e ----------------------------------------------------------Clay sewer pipe-----------------------------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------------------

21.90
12.19
8.12
1.11
0.48

19.76
10.50
7.27
1.37
0.62

26.84
16.06
10.08
0.53
0.17




42 -

Table 16. Total cost of material components for each $1,000 of hospital
construction contract, 1959-60— continued

Selected products and product groups

Other stone, clay and glass products------Fiberglas products-----------------------------------Cut stone----------------------------------------------------Vinyl t i l e --------------------------------------------------Window glass----------------------------------------------Sand and gravel-----------------------------------------Asphalt t i l e ----------------------------------------------Asbestos insulation---------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------

A ll
hospital
proj ects

New
hospital
proj ects

Hospital
addition
proj ects

$

$

$

31.72
9.59
6.94
5.47
3.19
2.31
1.55
0.96
1.71

31.99
9.47
7.42
5.01
3.04
2.06
1.92
1.16
1.91

Fixed hospital equipment----------------------------Elevators----------------------------------------------------X-ray and related equipment-------------------S te r iliz e r s and autoclaves---------------------Kitchen equipment-------------------------------------Refrigerators--------------------------------------------Laundry equipment-------------------------------------E lectric generator units------------------------Laboratory equipment--------------------------------Pneumatic tube system------------------------------Compressed air and oxygen systems--------Incinerators----------------------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------------------

88.49
22.62
12.84

5.76
2.96
2.09
1.33
0.59
4.73

15.30
13.34
13.60
6.57
6.65
6.46
2.80
2.71
1.23
0.64
5.19

E lectrical equipment, fix tu re s, and wire'
Lighting fixtu res-------------------------------------Noncurrent-carrying devices-------------------Switchboards and panelboards-----------------Intercom and fir e alarm system-------------Wire and cable------------------------------------------Transformers----------------------------------------------Current-carrying wiring devices-----------Program systems----------------------------------------E lectric clock, telephone and T .V .------Other------------------------------------------------------------

59.68
15.39
10.84
10.67
5.98
5.11
3.26
2.87
1.98
1.89
1.69

62.31
15.9 7
10.97
11.40
5.72
5.25
3.92
2.70
2.79
1.94
1.65




43 -

1 2 . 2 0

10.65
6.72
6 . 0 0

94.49
2 0 . 0 0

31.13
9.87
5.82
6.54
3.53
2.87
0.70
0.51
1.29
74.55
28.67
7.17
9.56
3.82
7.07
4.49
4.15
3.31
0 . 6 6

1.56
0.48
3.61
53.62
14.06
10.54
8.99
6.58
4.81
1.73
3.26
0 . 1 1

1.78
1.76

Table 16. Total cost of material components for each $1,000 of hospital
construction contract, 1959-60— continued

Selected products and product groups

Heating, ven tila tin g , and air conditioning
equipment----------------------------------------------------Radiators, convectors, and b o ile rs----------Air conditioning equipment------------------------Temperature controls----------------------------------- Blowers, exhaust and fans--------------------------Pumps and compressors---------------------------------Unit heaters and ve n tila to rs---------------------Storage tanks------------------------------------------------O il burners----------------------------------------------------Other---------------------------------------------------------------

A ll
hospital
proj ects

New
hospital
projects

Hospitar
addition
projects

$

$

$

53.43
14.99
14.68
10.40
4.80
3.31
2.38
1.77
0.80
0.30

57.89
16.49
16.58
11.51
4.48
3.17
2.81
2.06
0.54
0.25

43.19
11.55
10.27
7.85
5.56
3.61
1.41
1.11
1.38
0.45

Plumbing products--------------------------------------------Plumbing fix tu re s-----------------------------------------Steel and galvanized pipe--------------------------Valves and sp e c ia ltie s-------------------------------Cast iron pipe and fit t in g s ----------------------Other---------------------------------------------------------------

47.41
15.46
14.61
9.96
5.80
1.58

47.65
16.18
13.23
9.92
6.57
1.75

46.86
13.79
17.80
10.05
4.03
1.19

Lumber and lumber products----------------------------Millwork---------------------------------------------------------Rough and dressed lumber---------------------------Plywood-----------------------------------------------------------Other---------------------------------------------------------------

22.94
16.26
5.41
1 .0 0
0.27

21.60
14.88
5.12
1.22
0.38

26.07
19.45
6.07
0.50
0.05

Petroleum products------------------------------------------Asphalt paving----------------------------------------------Asphalt and tar pitches------------------------------Asphalt f e l t s ------------------------------------------------Other----------------------------------------------------------------

4.89
1.46
1.28
0.91
1.24

5.48
1.90
1.30
0.86
1.42

3.46
0.43
1.23
1.01
0.79

Paint and other chemical compounds-------------Paint---------------------------------------------------------------Other--------------------------------------------------------------

4.39
2.51
1.88

4.53
2.58
1.95

4.07
2.36
1.71

A ll other-----------------------------------------------------------Construction equipment--------------------------------Laminated p la stic panels----------------------------Insulating board------------------------------------------Other---------------------------------------------------------------

14.16
11.65
0.58
0.49
1.44

15.18
12.18
0.76
0.59
1.65

11.82
10.39
0.16
0.27
1.00

NOTE: Group to ta ls include products not shown separately.
rounding, sums of components may not equal to ta ls .




- 44 -

Because of

Table 17. Total cost of materials per 100 square feet of nursing
home construction, 1965-66

Selected products and product groups
A ll products

New
$1146.24

Metal products (except plumbing and heating)
Fabricated structural metal products-------------Structural s te e l----------------------------------------------Reinforcing bars and j o i s t s --------------------------Fabricated sheet metal-----------------------------------Metal doors-------------------------------------------------------Metal windows---------------------------------------------------Ornamental metal----------------------------------------------Registers, g r i l l s , and d iffu sers-----------------Other-------------------------------------------------------------------

261.19
190.52
52.14
44.82
30.20
22.51
12.49
7.01
4.43
16.92

Other fabricated metal products
Builder’ s hardware------------------Other-------------------------------------------

26.88
22.44
4.44

Other metal products------------------------Metal casework-------------------------------Galvanized sheet metal-----------------Aluminum sheet metal--------------------P artition s, lockers, and shelves
Copper products-----------------------------Other------------------------------------------------

43.79
15.35
10.34
9.03
3.13
2.76
3.18

Stone, clay, and glass products

219.16

Cement, concrete and gypsum products
Ready-mix concrete---------------------------Concrete block and brick-----------------Gypsum products---------------------------------Precast concrete products---------------Cement-------------------------------------------------Lime-----------------------------------------------------Other----------------------------------------------------

109.55
50.72
22.77
17.91
9.28
6.65
1.77
0.45

Structural clay products----Brick and structural t i l e
Ceramic t i l e ----------------------Clay sewer pipe-----------------Other------------------------------------




46.84
26.07
17.83
2 . 2 2

0.72

- 45 -

Table 17.
T o ta l c o s t o f m a t e r ia ls per 100 square f e e t o f nursing
home c o n s t r u c t i o n , 1 9 6 5 - 6 6 —-continued

Selected products and product groups
Other stone, clay and glass products----Fiberglas insulation-----------------------------Vinyl t i l e (including vinyl-asbestos)
Window gla ss--------------------------------------------Sand and gravel--------------------------------------Asbestos insulation-------------------------------Cut stone-------------------------------------------------Other----------------------------------------------------------

New
$ 6 2 .7 7
1 7 .5 6
1 3 .0 0
9 .1 5
6 .0 5
3 .7 3
3 .2 7
1 0 . 0 1

Fixed hospital equipment--------------------------------------------Kitchen equipment----------------------------------------------------Elevators, moving stairways and dum waiters----b
S te r ilize r s and autoclaves-------------------------------------Compressed air and oxygen system--------------------------R efrigerators, walk-in coolers and ice stations
Incinerators--------------------------------------------------------------Other----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 2 0 .9 6
6 5 .5 0
2 6 .1 5
4 .0 3

E lectrica l equipment, fixtures and wire
Lighting fixtu res-----------------------------------Noncurrent-carrying devices-----------------Intercom and fir e alarm system-----------Wire and cable-----------------------------------------Switchboards and panelboards---------------E lectric generating units--------------------Current-carrying wiring devices---------Transformers---------------------------- ---------------Clock and program systems--------------------Other----------------------------------------------------------

1 2 1 .5 5
3 3 .2 0
1 8 .0 9
1 8 .0 1
1 6 .7 6
1 4 .6 7
7 .9 8
6 .8 3
2 .5 9
0 .5 6

H eatin g, v e n t i l a t i n g , and a i r c o n d itio n in g equipment—
A ir co n d itio n in g equipment---------------------------------------------------R a d ia to r s, c o n v e c to r s , and b o i l e r s -----------------------------------Temperature c o n t r o l s ---------------------------------------------------------------Blowers, ex h a ust, and fa n s---------------------------------------------------Pumps, compressors--------------------------------------------------------------------O i l burners----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Unit hea te rs and v e n t i l a t o r s -----------------------------------------------Other----------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------------

1 1 8 .4 4
4 5 .0 3
3 1 .2 8
2 0 .5 7
1 0 .3 0




46 -

2 . 0 2
1 . 6 6

1 .4 0
2 0 . 2 0

2 . 8 6

6 . 1 2

2 .3 2
0 .9 4
1 . 8 8

Table 17. Total cost of materials per 100 square feet of nursing
home construction, 1965-66— continued

Selected products and product groups

New
$109.71
44.61
17.13
14.70
14.23
11.55
7.49

Plumbing products--------------------Plumbing fixtu res-----------------Steel and galvanized pipe—
Copper pipes--------------------------Cast iron pipe and fittin g s
Valves and sp e c ia ltie s-------Other---------------------------------------

101.87
56.84
31.82
9.30
3.91

Lumber and lumber productsM i l l w o r k ------------------------------------

Rough and dressed lumber
Plywood------------------------------Other---------------------------------Petroleum products-----------Asphalt paving---------------Asphalt f e l t s -----------------Asphalt and tar pitches
Other--------------------------------

20.80
8.87
7.07
3.99
0.87

Paint and other chemical compounds
Paint-----------------------------------------------Other------------------------------------------------

14.28
8.85
5.43

A ll other----------------------------------------------Construction equipment------------------Other accoustical t i l e and boards
Wood fiber board-----------------------------Vinyl wall covering-------------- ---------Laminated p la stic panels---------------Other--------------------------------------------------

58.28
24.61
17.99
5.70
3.92
2.04
4.02

NOTE: Group to ta ls include products not shown separately.
Because of rounding, sums of components may not equal to ta ls .




- 47 -

Table 18. Total cost of material components for each $1,000 of
nursing home construction contract, 1965-66

Selected products and product groups
A ll products

N
ew
$548.74

Metal products (except plumbing and heating)
Fabricated structural metal products-------------Structural s te e l----------------------------------------------Reinforcing bars and j o i s t s --------------------------Fabricated sheet metal-----------------------------------Metal doors-------------------------------------------------------Metal windows---------------------------------------------------Ornamental metal----------------------------------------------Registers, g r i ll s and d iffu sers------------------Other------------------------------------------------ ------------------Other fabricated metal products
B uilder's hardware------------------Other------------------------------------------Other metal products------------------------Metal casework-------------------------------Galvanized sheet metal-----------------Aluminum sheet metal--------------------P artition s, lockers, and shelves
Copper products-----------------------------Other-----------------------------------------------Stone, clay, and glass products

125.04
91.21
24.96
21.46
14.46
10.77
5.98
3.36
2 . 1 2
8 . 1 0

1 2 .8 6

10.74
2 . 1 2

20.97
7.35
4.95
4.32
1.50
1.32
1.53
104.92

Cement, concrete and gypsum products
Ready-mix concrete---------------------------Concrete block and brick-----------------Gypsum products---------------------------------Precast concrete products---------------Cement-------------------------------------------------Lime-----------------------------------------------------Other----------------------------------------------------

52.44
24.28
10.90
8.58
4.44
3.18
0.85

Structural clay products----Brick and structural t i l e
Ceramic t i l e ----------------------Clay sewer pipe-----------------Other------------------------------------

22.43
12.48
8.54
1.06
0.35




- 48 -

0 . 2 1

T a b l e

1 8 .

n u r s i n g

T o t a l

h o m e

S e l e c t e d

O t h e r

s t o n e ,

m

a t e r i a l

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a n d

c o m p o n e n t s

c o n t r a c t ,

p r o d u c t

g l a s s

1 9 6 5 - 6 6 —

f o r

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( i n c l u d i n g

o f

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N ew

g r o u p s

$

p r o d u c t s —

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8 . 4 0

i n s u l a t i o n --------------------------------------------------------- ---

t i l e

W in d o w

o f

p r o d u c t s

c l a y ,

F i b e r g l a s
V i n y l

c o s t

c o n s t r u c t i o n

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v i n y l - a s b e s t o s )

4 . 3 8

g l a s s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

a n d

g r a v e l -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 . 9 0

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i n s u l a t i o n -----------------------------------------------------------------

1 . 7 9

S a n d

s t o n e -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 . 5 6

O t h e r --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4 . 7 9

C u t

F i x e d

e q u i p m e n t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5 7 . 8 9

e q u i p m e n t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 1 . 3 6

h o s p i t a l

K i t c h e n

E l e v a t o r s ,

m o v i n g

S t e r i l i z e r s
C o m p r e s s e d

a n d
a i r

R e f r i g e r a t o r s ,

s t a i r w a y s

a n d

d u m b

w

a i t e r s -----------

a u t o c l a v e s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------a n d

o x y g e n

w a l k - i n

s y s t e m ------------------------------------------------------

c o o l e r s

a n d

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s t a t i o n s

1 2 . 5 2
1 . 9 3
0 . 9 7
0 . 7 9

I n c i n e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

E

0 . 6 7

O t h e r ------------------------------ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

9 . 6 5

l e c t r i c a l
L i g h t i n g

e q u i p m e n t ,

f i x t u r e s

a n d

w i r e -

5 8 . 1 9

f i x t u r e s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

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a n d

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8 . 6 2

W i r e

c a b l e ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

8 . 0 2

p a n e l b o a r d s --------------------------------

7 . 0 2

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E

l e c t r i c

a n d

g e n e r a t i n g

C u r r e n t - c a r r y i n g
T r a n s f o r m
C l o c k

a l a r m

8 . 6 6

I n t e r c o m
a n d

f i r e

1 5 . 8 9

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w

u n i t s -------------------------------------------i r i n g

3 . 8 2

d e v i c e s ---------------------

3 . 2 7

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a n d

0 . 2 7

O t h e r --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 . 3 8

A i r

v e n t i l a t i n g ,

c o n d i t i o n i n g

R a d i a t o r s ,

B l o w e r s ,

O

i l

U n i t

a i r

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e q u i p m e n t —

2 1 . 5 6
1 4 . 9 7

c o n t r o l s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

9 . 8 5

a n d

a n d

5 6 . 7 0

b o i l e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------

e x h a u s t ,

c o m

a n d

e q u i p m e n t ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

c o n v e c t o r s ,

T e m p e r a t u r e

P u m p s ,

s y s t e m

1 . 2 4

s -------------------------------------------

H e a t i n g ,

p r o g r a m

f a n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4 . 9 3

p r e s s o r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 . 9 3

b u r n e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------h e a t e r s

1 . 1 1

v e n t i l a t o r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

0 . 4 5

O t h e r --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

0 . 9 0




a n d

-

49.

-

T a b l e

1 8 .

n u r s i n g

T o t a l

h o m e

c o s t

S e l e c t e d

P l u m b i n g

a t e r i a l

c o m p o n e n t s

c o n t r a c t ,

p r o d u c t s

a n d

f o r

1 9 6 5 - 6 6 —

p r o d u c t

e a c h

$ 1 , 0 0 0

g a l v a n i z e d

N ew

g r o u p s

$

V a l v e s

p i p e

8 . 2 0
7 . 0 4

f i t t i n g s

6 . 8 1

s p e c i a l t i e s -----------------

5 . 5 3

O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 . 5 9

L u m b e r
M

a n d

a n d

5 2 . 5 3
2 1 . 3 6

p i p e —

p i p e s ------------------------------------------------------

i r o n

o f

c o n t i n u e d

f i x t u r e s ------------------------------------

a n d

C o p p e r
C a s t

m

p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------

P l u m b i n g
S t e e l

o f

c o n s t r u c t i o n

a n d

l u m b e r

p r o d u c t s

4 8 . 7 6
2 7 . 2 1

i l l w o r k ----------------------------------------------------------

R o u g h

a n d

d r e s s e d

l u m b e r

1 5 . 2 3

P l y w o o d --------------------------------------------------------------

4 . 4 5

O t h e r ---------------------------------------------------------------------

1 . 8 7

P e t r o l e u m

p r o d u c t s ------------------------

9 . 9 6

p a v i n g ---------------------------------

4 . 2 5

A s p h a l t

f e l t s -----------------------------------

3 . 3 8

A s p h a l t

a n d

A s p h a l t

t a r

p i t c h e s

1 . 9 1
0 . 4 2

O t h e r -----------------------------------------------------------------

P a i n t

6 . 8 3
4 . 2 4

O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A

c o m p o u n d s

P a i n t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 . 5 9

l l

a n d

o t h e r

c h e m

i c a l

o t h e r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

C o n s t r u c t i o n
O t h e r
W o o d

a c c o u s t i c a l
f i b e r

V i n y l

w

a l l

L a m i n a t e d
O t h e r —




t i l e

a n d

1 1 . 7 9

b o a r d s

8 . 6 1

b o a r d -------------------------------------------------------------

2 . 7 3

c o v e r i n g --------------------------------------------------

0 . 9 8

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 . 9 3

o f

p l a s t i c

1 . 8 8

p a n e l s --------------------------------

N O T E :
B e c a u s e

2 7 . 9 2

e q u i p m e n t ---------------------------------------

G r o u p

t o t a l s

r o u n d i n g ,

s u m s

i n c l u d e
o f

p r o d u c t s

c o m p o n e n t s

-

5 0

n o t

m a y

s h o w n

n o t

s e p a r a t e l y .

e q u a l

t o t a l s .

* U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING O FF IC E : 1971 O - 413-254

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